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THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

1493-1898 



ANALYTICAL INDEX 
A-I 



THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

1493-1898 



ANALYTICAL INDEX 
A-I 



The PHILIPPINE 
ISLANDS 1493-1898 

Explorations by Early Navigators, Descriptions of the 
Islands and their Peoples, their History and Records of 
the Catholic Missions, as related in contemporaneous 
Books and Manuscripts, showing the Political, Eco- 
nomic, Commercial and Religious Conditions of those 
Islands from their earliest relations with European 
Nations to the close of the Nineteenth Century 

TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINALS 

Edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and 
James Alexander Robertson, L.H.D., and with in- 
troduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord 
Bourne. With maps, portraits and other illustrations 

Volume LIV 
Analytical Index to the Series, A- 1 




The Arthur H. Clark Company 

Cleveland, Ohio 

MCMIX 



11[. if 



COPYRIGHT I9O9 

THE ARTHUR H. CLARK COMPANY 
ALL RIGHTS RttBRVZD 



TNI TORCH PRKSS 
CBDAR RAPIDS. IOWA 



1P31 11 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME LIV 

Preface to Volumes liv and lv. The Editors . • 7 
List of abbreviations used in the compilation of the 

index 15 

Analytical index to the Series 17 



29 1 ST 005 30 C 



QUALITY CONTROL MARK 



PREFACE 

This and the succeeding volume, which contain the analytical index 
to the preceding fifty-three volumes of The Philippine Islands: 1493- 1898, 
bring the series to a dose. Throughout the compilation of the index, the 
effort has been to furnish the investigator the most comprehensive guide 
to the material of the text The multifarious interests treated in the 
various documents, touching as they do so many phases of human life and 
thought, and their complexity, together with all the elements usually present 
in the making of an index, have rendered this a task of considerable mag- 
nitude. Constant classification and anaylsis have necessarily been demand- 
ed to an unusual degree in the longer topics; and these, with the many 
thousands of minor citations, both concrete and abstract, and names of per- 
sons and places, with their numerous variants, have necessitated the utmost 
care in detail and arrangement. Considerable important additional in- 
formation has been embodied in footnotes to several captions. Although 
still far short of their ideal, the editors are confident that the index will 
stand the test of use. 

Wherever possible, matter has been collected under general heads, 
thus facilitating the work of investigation. All natural features have 
been collected under their appropriate captions as follows: Bays, Gulfs, 
and Harbors; Capes, Points, and Promontories; Islands [exclusive of the 
Philippines] ; Lakes, Meteorology; Mountains and Hills; Oceans and Seas; 
Peninsulas; Rivers; Straits and Channels; and Volcanoes. Similarly, have 
been collected the various forms of animal life, thus: Birds; Fishes and 
Fisheries; Invertebrates; Mammals; and Reptiles. Certain products, both 
natural and the result of man's activity, fall into heads as follows: Cloth- 
ing; Drugs; Dyes and Dyestufib; Earthenware; Fibers; Furniture; Gems 
and Precious Stones; Gums and Resins; Hardware; Hides and Leather; 
Machines and Machinery; Manufactures; Mines and Mining (including 
Metals and Minerals); Nuts; Oils; Perfumes; Paints and Varnishes; 
Plants and Trees; Provisions and Supplies; Shells; Spices; Textiles; Tools, 
Implements, and Utensils; and Wines, Liquors, and Spirits. The follow- 
ing collected captions are of general human interest: Architecture; 
Archives and Libraries; Artisans; Books; Commerce; Diseases and Rem- 



8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

edies; Games and Sports; Maps and Cartographers; Military Affairs 
and Allied Matters; Money; Music; Ornaments; Painting and Pictures; 
Periodicals; Physicians and Surgeons; Population; Prices; Salaries (includ- 
ing Wages) ; Ships, Navigation, etc.; Slaves and Slavery; Societies; Weights 
and Measures; and Workmen and Laborers. Affairs connected with gov- 
ernment and politics form the following important divisions: Colonies and 
Colonization; Councils; Decrees; Encomenderos ; Encomiendas; Expedi- 
tions; Insurrections (including Insurgents, Mobs, Mutinies, Rebellions, 
Revolts, Revolutions, Riots, and Seditions) ; Legal and Judicial; Offices; 
Officials; Penalties; Petitions and Memorials; and Revenue and Exchequer. 
Ecclesiastical affairs are treated under the following captions: Augustin- 
ians; Catholics; Christianity and Christians; Church (the); Confraterni- 
ties and Brotherhoods, and Sodalities; Dominicans; Ecclesiastical Estate; 
Franciscans; Jesuits; Mahometans and Mahometanism; Martyrs and Mar- 
tyrdom; Missionaries; Missions; Orders, Religious; Recollects; and Religi- 
ous Persons. Cognate to these latter are: Education; Hospitals; Orders, 
Hospital; Orders, Military; and Saints. Lastly, the ethnological topics 
form another group of captions, chief among which are perhaps Chinese, 
Filipinos, Japanese, and Moros. Information concerning the various peo- 
ples of the Philippines will be found under the following captions: Aba- 
cas; Aetas; Apayaos; Attarayas; Babuyanes; Baganis; Bagobos; Balugas; 
Bangon; Batanes; Batanganes; Bilans; Blacks; Bukidnon; Bukil; Butuans; 
Calanasas; Calauas; Calingas; Caragas; Dadayags; Filipinos (including 
Bicol, Cagayan, Uocan, Pampango, Pangasinan, Tagalog, Visayans — with 
the sub-peoples, Boholans, Calamianes, Cebuans, Dapitans, Harayas, 
Iguienes, and Panayanes — and Zambal); Gaddans; Guiangas; Guim- 
banos; Ibilaos; Ifugaos; Ifumangies; Igorot; Ileabanes; Ilongots; Irayas; 
Isinay; Italones; Itaves; Ituis; Loac; Mandayans; Manguangas; Mangyan; 
Manobos; Mestizos (mixed breeds) ; Monteses; Moros (including Camu- 
cones, Joloans, Lutaos, Mindanaos, Bajaw, Basilan, Illano, Lutangos, Mal- 
anaos, Samal Laut, Sanguil, Sologues, Tiron, and Yakan) ; Negritos; Sam- 
eacas ; Subanon ; Tagabili ; Tagacaolos ; Tinguianes ; Tiruray ; and Ytingues. 
Peoples outside the Philippines are as follows: Alforas; Achenese; Arabs; 
Aragonese; Asiatics; Balinese; Barbudos; Berbers; Biscayans; Borneans; 
Bretons; British; Burmese; Cambodians; Caribs; Chamorros; Chinese; 
Cimarrons; Cochinchinese; Danes; Dutch; Europeans; French; Greeks; 
Huns; Huvas; Indians (including Algonquins, Apusabalcos, Aztecs, Brazil- 
ians, Caribs, Chichemecos, Chonek, Guarani, Hurons, Inaken, Iroquois, 
Mistecs, Moskito, Nahuatl, Patagonians, Tamoyos, Tehuel-Che, Tupi, 
Tzoneca, and Winnebago); Japanese; Javanese; Jews; Kafirs; Lascars; 
Malabars; Malays; Mexicans; Moluccans (including Ternatans and 
Tidorans); Moors; Morenos; Moriscoes; Mulattoes; Palaos; Papuans; 



PREFACE 9 

Persians; Peruvians; Poles; Polynesians; Portuguese; Sepoys; Seres; Sia- 
mese ;Siaos; Spaniards; Swiss; Tartars; Turks; Venetians; and Walloons. 
Special attention is directed to various features of the following captions: 
Chinese (which contains the largest amount of material ever brought to- 
gether in any index concerning that people) ; Commerce and Trade (espe- 
cially in the Orient) ; Decrees (which, with much clearer arrangement than 
it, is die best supplement to the RecopilaciSn de Leyes de India* ever pub- 
lished) ; Ecclesiastical Estate (replete with matter concerning the status 
and working of the Catholic Church); Education; Filipinos; Legal and 
Judicial; Manila; Moros; and Philippine Islands. 

For the sake of greater facility in investigation, some of the more 
complex captions are here synopsized according to the classification adopted 
for each one. 

Augusttnians — In general; officers; Provinces; officials; Province of Filipinos; 
Relations with government, natives, etc.; Churches; Convents; in Manila; in Mexico; 
in Spain; elsewhere; Other institutions; Its members and their work; preachers, 
confessors, chaplains, etc; in education; Number of members in islands. 

CHINESE: I. general considerations — In general; comparisons with other 
peoples; Name; Characteristics; physical; mental (positive) ; mental ( negative) ; oth- 
er characteristics; Language; writings; Religion, etc.; beliefs; contact with Christian- 
ity; request missionaries; Occupations, arts, and industries; as producers of food; me- 
chanics and artisans, and others; Other social and economic factors; clothing, etc; 
houses; ships, etc; their manufactures; hair and headdress; warfare, etc; women; 
children; slaves; care of sick; method of reckoning time; music; feasts; amuse- 
ments; significance of presents among; pirates; Trade relations; trade with Spanish; 
Portuguese; Japanese; Dutch; English; Moros trade with; Government, etc.; jus- 
tice; Relations with foreigners; Spaniards; Portuguese; Dutch; English; Tartans; 
Japanese; with various peoples; Miscellaneous. 

II. in Philippines — Immigration, residence, population, etc.; Economic con- 
dition; More intimate government relations with; under jurisdiction of government 
of Philippines; justice; decrees, laws, ordinances, etc; taxation, etc; miscellaneous; 
Trade relations; duties; miscellaneous; Paridns; traders and others restricted to; 
under control of governor-general; in Panay; Insurrections and mutinies; insurrec- 
tion of 1603; insurrection of 1639-40; insurrection of 1662; insurrection of 1762-64; 
Religion, etc.; contact with Christianity; Augustinians work among; Dominicans 
work among; Jesuits employ; Christians and converts; hospital in Philippines; 
Other relations with Spaniards; Relations with natives; with Zambals. 

COMMERCE AND TRADE: In General — bibliographical information. Of 
various regions — Orient; peoples of W. Asia; India; China; Japan; Malay (East- 
ern, or Indian) Archipelago; of other places; Europe; Portugal; England; France; 
Holland; Spain; Spanish' American colonies; South America; North America; 
Philippine Islands. Internal, Intertribal, and local. Foreign — Oriental; With 
China; With Japan; Philippine Islands with N. Espaha; packages. Methods and 
agencies — Barter, fairs, etc.; fairs; Merchants and traders; Bureaus, trading com- 
ponies, and factories; commercial companies. Dutch — trading posts and factories. 
Merchandise and Commodities — In general; Of various regions; Spices; Silk and 



IO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

silken fabrics; Other commodities. Miscellaneous — Concessions and licences m 
trade; Illegal and contraband trade; Various topics. 

DECREES 

I. ECCLESIASTICAL DECREES, BULLS, BRIEFS, ETC 

By Papal Court: Papal decrees; Dogmas, heresies, etc.; Ecclesiastical admin' 
istration; Discoveries and conquests by Spain and Portugal; Philippine Islands; 
Religious orders and missions; Various religious orders separately; Augustinians; 
Dominicans; Franciscans; Jesuits; Recollects; all others; Titles. Br arm* Ecclesi- 
astical Authorities: Councils, ecumenical; Councils, provincial; Diocesan author- 
ities; Miscellaneous. 

II. SECULAR DECREES, EDICTS, AND ORDERS 

By Spanish Government — Royal decrees; Discoveries, explorations, and con- 
guests; colonies; Grants and encomiendas; Governors; Audiencia, etc.; Administra- 
tion; Offices and salaries; Provincial, municipal, and local affairs; Military and 
naval affairs; Ships and shipbuilding; officers of galleon; sailors; private persons; 
Commerces; Manila - Acapulco trade; duties; Natives of Philippines; tributes; 
giving judicial authority over Indians to diocesan courts; Slaves and slavery; Chinese 
(and other foreigners) in Philippines; Land, products, and industries; Crusade, and 
Inquisition; Ecclesiastical affairs and administration; appointing archbishop, Salaxar; 
appointing bishop, of Manila; ordering Bishop Salaxar to report on official conduct 
of governor; Missions and missionaries; Religious orders and their members; Re- 
ligious orders, separately; Augustinians; Dominicans; Franciscans; Jesuits; Recol- 
lects; all others; Hospitals and charities; Education; early schools for natives; 
colleges and universities; San Jos* and S. Ignacio; Santo Tomas; various others; 
conciliar seminaries; public instruction; normal school at Manila; normal school for 
women; Publications, etc.; Decrees by Cortes, etc. Br Spanish Authorities in 
Philippines — Governmental Decrees; Political and administrative; Land, industries, 
trade; Municipal and local affairs; Natives of Philippines; Chinese in Philippines; 
Ecclesiastical estate; Religious orders; Augustinians; Dominicans; Jesuits; Recol- 
lects; Order St John of God; Misericordia, hospitals, etc.; Education; Miscellaneous. 
By other Rulers or Authorities — Portugal 

DOMINICANS (ORDER OF PREACHERS) : The Order, at large — /h gen- 
eral; Provinces; provinces in Spain; provinces in Indias; American provinces; 
Convents; in America; elsewhere; Members of order. Province of Santisimo 
Rosario — In general; Its members; Houses and churches; churches; Relations vaith 
secular government; Relations voith other Ecclesiastics; with other orders; Relations 
voith Filipinos; Their labors; Events in history. 

Dutch — In oriental trade; A power in E. Indies; Conquests, etc.; Relations 
vnth other peoples; English; Chinese; Japanese; Moros, Formosans, and other minor 
Asian peoples; Relations vnth Spain and Philippines; Miscellaneous. 

Education — In general: method used in Spain; European educational institu- 
tions; in Spain; In America; in United States; In Japan; Seminaries, colleges, and 
universities in Philippines; San Felipe; San Felipe de Austria; San Ignacio; San 
Jos6; San Juan de Letran; Santo Tomas; Other institutions; conciliar seminaries; 
Professional and industrial institutions; Schools; in Philippines; Government public 
schools; Normal schools; Schools for girls; named. 

ECCLESIASTICAL ESTATE (including organization, worship, etc) : See of 
Rome, etc— Roman (Holy or Apostolic) See; popes, election; chronological list of 



PREFACE 1 1 

popes; roman court, congreg ati on!; Holy Crusade, bulls of; Inquisition; officials; 
methods and procedure; heresies. Organization — Sees (dioceses); separate men- 
tion; archdiocese of Manila; diocese of Cebti; diocese of N. Segovia; diocese of 
Camarines; diocese of Jaro; Revtnues, etc.; ecclesiastic and church fees; Expenses; 
Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and courts. Omenta and their Incumbents — In general ; 
Archbishops; Bishops; bishops of Cebti; Episcopal visitations; Diocesan and minor 
ofces. Cuter, benefices, etc. — Clergy; priests; secular priests; vicars; parish 
priests; clerics; chaplains; the native clergy; education for secular priests; Benefices; 
curacies; appointments. Churches, etc — Cathedrals; of Manila; of suffragan 
dioceses; Churches, etc. Sacraments, dispensations, miracles, etc — Sacraments; 
Dispensations; Miracles; agencies; in relation to conversions; Miscellaneous; relics 
of saints; rosaries; catechisms. Worship and its accessories— Worship; Images, 
crosses, etc.; cross; crucifixes; images; images of Christ; images of Virgin Mary; 
of various saints; Church ornaments, vestments, etc. 

FILIPINOS: Anthropology and Ethnology— Description, habitat, and pop- 
ulation; description and various opinions of; habitat; villages; population; Racial 
characteristics; physical; mental (positive) ; mental (negative). Archeology. Lan- 
guages — origin, description, and use; the written language. Mythology, Folklore, 
and Religion — Native religion and beliefs; idols and their worship; priests and 
priestesses; various beliefs; Mahometanism; Contact with Christianity; instruction 
and missionary labors among; attitude toward Christianity and ecclesiastical persons; 
ecclesiastical tithes and fees paid by; their churches, etc; priests, etc; miscellaneous. 
Social and Economic Life — In general; Social classes; nobility; freemen; slaves 
and slavery; Occupations and industries; agricultural and allied occupations; fishing; 
wood-handling and building occupations; other artisans; manufactures; servants; 
soldiers and military service; professions, etc; Food, shelter, etc.; houses; dress; 
ornaments; Warfare; Government; Education; Esthetic life; IF omen; Marriage; 
Children; Morals; the social evil; other matters; Sickness and remedies; Mortuary 
customs; mortuary customs compared to those of other peoples. Esthetic Life — 
Poetry and the drama; Music; Feasts; Fasts; Dances; Art; Amusements. Govern- 
ment and Political — In general; The Barangay; Chiefs; contact with Spaniards; 
Government and political under Spaniards; taxes, etc; various miscellaneous matters; 
The modem era and independence. Intertribal Relations. Relations with other 
Oriental People— In general; With Negritos; With Moros; With Chinese; With 
all others. Relations with Europeans — /* general; With Spaniards; various mis- 
cellaneous mentions; With all other Europeans. The Filipino Peoples — Bicol; 
Cacayan; Ilokan; Pampango — language; description, characteristics, and customs; 
relations with other natives; relations with Spaniards; Pangasian; Tagalog — Lan- 
guage; Social and economic life; Religion, and ecclesiastical matters; Relations with 
other peoples. Visayans — Language; Social and economic life; dress; weapons; 
government, etc; morals; Religion and ecclesiastical matters; contact with Christian- 
ity; Relations with other peoples; with Chinese; with Spaniards. The several 
Vbayan Peoples — Boholans; contact with Christianity; relations with other natives; 
relations with Spaniards; Butuans; Calamianes; Caragas; Cebuans; religion, and 
ecclesiastical matters; contact with Christianity; relations with other natives; with 
Spaniards; Dapitans; Harayas; Igueines; Panayans. Zambals — Origin, etc.; Lan- 
guage; Social and economic life; Religion and ecclesiastical matters; contact with 
Christianity; Relations with other peoples; with Spaniards. 



1 2 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

INVERTEBRATES — Aiticulates; Insects; Arachnida; Myriapods; Crusta- 
ceans; Worms. MoLLvm—Cephalopods; CelphalaUs; AcefhaU. Radiates — 
Echinoderms. 

Jesuits—/* general; Province of Filipinos; Relations with other social groups; 
Institutions; churches; convents and residences; colleges, etc; other institutions; 
Its members, mud their work; priests; their religious labors; achievements in science, 
medicine, etc 

Legal and judicial affairs— Law, laws, and ordinances; codes, etc; law; 
laws; Castilian, applied in Philippines; Justice, and its administration; deficient, 
difficult, or perverted; obstacles; Jurisdiction, courts, and judges; jurisdiction, courts; 
judges and justices; jurisdiction of judges; among natives; Lawsuits and cases in 
court; of exchequer; ecclesiastic; among natives; Prisons and prisoners; arrests; 
prisons; prisoners; security; bail, etc; Lawyers, attorneys, etc.; lawyers; attorneys; 
advocates; solicitors; Witnesses and their testimony; Sentences, appeals, etc.; appeals; 
documents; Estates of deceased persons, wills, etc.; wills and testaments; legacies 
and bequests; executors, guardians, etc 

Manila — Name, description, etc.; architecture; fires; earthquakes, storms, and 
other disasters and losses; Population and social conditions; various industries and 
occupations, and other matters; miscellaneous social mention; Administration and 
relation of inhabitants to government; cabildo; various governors and other offi- 
cials in, etc; judicial; money matters, etc; miscellaneous; Defenses, etc.; various 
events; Trade; exports and imports; inter-island trade; foreign trade; miscellaneous; 
Religion and morals; Santa Potendana; Misericordia ; Morals; Relations with other 
places and peoples; Events in history; Miscellaneous. 

Military Affairs and Allied Matters — /* general; Soldiers; army; infantry; 
cavalry; artillery; regulars; of various nationalities; numbers in Philippines and 
various localities; classes and character; economic features; privileges and restric- 
tions; miscellaneous mention; Officers; Weapons; firearms; artillery; Ammunition, 
supplies, and equipment; gunpowder, shot, cannon balls, and bullets; Defensive 
armor; Forts and fortifications; miscellaneous mentions; Wars; enumerations, etc; 
battles; blockades and sieges. 

MISSIONS: In General. In Philippine Islands — In general; Augustinians; 
in various localities; history of Augustinian missions; Dominicans; in various locali- 
ties; history of Dominican missions; Franciscans; in various localities; history of 
Franciscan mission; Jesuits; in various localities; history of Jesuit missions ; Recollects; 
in various localities; history of Recollect missions; Miscellaneous. In Japan — In 
general; attitude of Japanese authorities toward; The orders, separately; Augustin- 
ians; Dominicans; Franciscans; Jesuits; Recollects. Elsewhere — In China; Augus- 
tinian; Franciscan; Jesuit; In various regions. 

MOROS: I. THE PEOPLE AS A WHOLE 

Moros — Habitat; Social life and customs; weapons; occupations; religions; 
contact with Christianity; government; Warfare, etc.; raids, piracies, etc; their 
captives and treatment of them; Relations with other peoples and nations. 

II. THE MORO TRIBES: Camuoones — Descripti on, etc.; Relations with 
other peoples and nations. Joloans — Origin, etc.; Social life and customs; religion, 
etc; government, etc; Relations with other peoples and nations; with Spaniards; 
with other Moro tribes; relations with other peoples. Other tribes treated similarly. 



PREFACE 13 

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 
Names — Filipinas, etc.; Origin. Description — Location, etc.; Products, etc.; 
animal life. Population — In general/ At various times; native peoples; Span- 
iards. Social and Economic — Structure of society; Status; Occupations and indus- 
tries; Home-life and public morals; Other social and economical factors. Discovert 
and Settlement — Discovery and exploration; Conquest and colonization; Mainte- 
nance and defense, etc. Events in History — In general; Special historical accounts. 
Governmental and Political — In general; Native; Under Spain; political divi- 
sions; offices and officials; judicial; finances, etc; ecclesiastical connection with 
government; later or modern era; miscellaneous; Audencia and Chancilleria; money 
matters; duties, functions, etc.; documents to and by; court of appeal; relations with 
government; conflicts and dissensions; contact with ecclesiastical matters; various 
other matters; Under American rule. Relations with Various Peoples — In gener- 
al; fTith peoples native to Philippines; With all others. Individual Islands and 
Groups — In general; Names; Abarien; Abuyo; Acquada da li buoni Segnialli; 
Acuyo ; Aguada, etc, remainder of names following in alphabetical order. 

Recollects— The order; In Philippine Islands; convents; churches and chapels; 
relations with Spanish government; Its members. 

Reptiles — In general; Snakes; Enumerated; Caimans; Crocodiles; Lizards; 
chacon; chameleons; water-lizards; Toads; Turtles. 

REVENUE AND EXCHEQUER: Revenues and Incomes — In general; of N. 
Espafia; of Philippine Islands; municipal and local; Tribute; exemptions or remis- 
sions; collections; how paid; rate of tribute; how this revenue is assigned; miscellan- 
eous; Monopolies and other claims by government; Taxes and imposts; special 
imposts; on Chinese in Philippines; special imposts levied on natives; Duties on 
commerce; Customs; rates; on various commodities; other duties and dues; Taxes 
for support of religion; Situados; Miscellaneous sources of revenue; funds. Ex- 
penses and Disbursements — Of Spanish crown; Of Mexican treasury; Of Philippine 
treasury; cost of maintaining Philippine colony; salaries and wages; miscellaneous. 
Treasury, or Exchequer — Of Spain and of America; Of Philippine Islands; cost 
of administration; inspection and investigation; accounts of treasurer; treasurer's 
administration encomienda. Officials — Treasury, or "royal" ; duties, etc ; complaints 
and charges; relations with governor and Audiencia; of N. Espana; various men- 
tion ; Above officials, separately ; accountant ; factor ; treasurer ; fiscal ; Other officials. 

Ships, Navigation, etc — Various general considerations; lacking and needed 
in various places; fitted out, prepared, supplies, etc; expenses, etc; Classes of ves- 
sels; further classification; vessels of various nationalities and districts; Names; 
Sailors, seamen and other employees connected with vessels; illness and death on 
ships and among sea-faring folk; Navigation, etc.; nautical instruments; convoys 
for vessels; navigators; difficulties, dangers, and hardships; along various routes 
and in various localities; despatches and arrivals of ships; Shipping, passengers, 
etc.; registers of cargoes and ships; cargoes on various ships; Casualties and mis- 
fortunes of vessels ; hostilities on, etc ; Ship furnishings; Miscellaneous matters. 

Spain — Description, etc.; Social and economic; industries and manufacturers; 
Discovery, conquests, and colonization; colonization system and policy; has just title 
to Moluccas; Legazpi established in Philippines; in other places; Ecclesiastical 
matters, etc.; Government and political; king and crown, prerogatives, etc; royal 



14 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

patronage in ecclesiastical affairs for Indies; organisms, etc; constitutions; other 
matters; Relations with other countries and peoples; Portugal; Moors; Prance; 
Japan; Dutch; English; Miscellaneous. 

Spaniards — In general; Population; Characteristics; positive; negative; Lan- 
guage; documents in (in this series) ; Social and economical life; life in Philippines 
and status; occupations and industries; trade; religious matters, etc.; Discovery, 
conquests, and colomnation; needed for colonization; Government and political; Out' 
side relations, in general; Relations with whites; Portuguese; British; Dutch; Re- 
lations with peoples of Philippines; Filipinos; Mora; other peoples of Philippines; 
Relations with other oriental islands and islanders; With peoples of Asiatic mainland; 
Japanese; Cambodians; Siamese; all others; In America; Miscellaneous. 



LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE INDEX 

Below, we append, for greater facility in investigation, a list of the 
most important abbreviations used in the compilation of the index. Ab- 
breviated forms not here noted are self-evident. Many of the abbreviations 
denote either singular or plural, according to the citation with which they 
are used. 



AboL 


abolished; abolishing. 


Chin. 


Chinese. 


abp. 


archbishop. 


Chris. 


Christian. 


abprc 


archbishopric 


coll. 


college. 


abed. 


absolution. 


com. 


commerce. 


adj. 


adjutant 


commL 


commercial. 


adm. 


admiral. 


colon. ) 
coloniz.) 


[ colonization; colonial; colo- 


niinin. 


administered; administering; 


nies; colonists. 




administration. 


concer. 


concerning. 


agric. 


agriculture; agricultural. 


cong. 


congregation. 


ale-may. alcalde-mayor. 


cult 


cultivating; cultivation. 


alf. 


alferez. 


descr. 


described; description. 


*PP. 


appoint; appointed; appoint- 


dioc 


diocesan. 




ing. 


doc. 


document 


apptg. 


appointing. 


Dom. 


Dominican. 


apptmt 


appointment 


E. 


east; eastern. 


appr. 


approval; approved; approv- 


ecc, 


ecclesiastic; ecclesiastical. 




ing. 


educ 


education; educational. 


And. 


Audiencia. 


emig. 


emigration. 


Aug. 


Augustinian. 


encom. 


encomendero; encomienda. 


author. 


authorization; authorize, 


epis. 


episcopal. 




authorized. 


espec. 


especial; especially. 


Benea. 


Benedictine. 


estab. ) 
establ.) 


establish; established; estab- 


bibliog. 


bibliography. 


lishing; establishment 


biog. 


biography. 


exchq. 


exchequer. 


bp. 


bishop. 


excom. 


excommunication. 


bprc 


bishopric. 


exped. 


expedition. 


C. 


cape. 


export 


exportation. 


cab. 


cabildo. 


Fii. 


Filipinos. 


Cap. 


Capuchin. 


fortif. 


fortification. 


card. 


cardinal. 


Fran. 


Franciscan. 


cent 


central. 


gall. 


galleon. 



i6 



LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE INDEX 



gov. 


govern; governed; governor. 


provin. 


| provincial 


govt. 


government 


prov 9 ! 


hosp. 


hospital; hospitalers. 


rdg. 


regarding. 


immig. 


immigration. 


Rec. 


Recollect 


import 


importation. 


rel. 


religious (both noun and 


incl. 


including; inclusive. 




»dj.). 


Ind. 


Indian. 


rev. 


revenues. 


inhab. 


inhabitants; inhabited. 


S. 


San; Santa; Santa 


Inquit, 


Inquisition. 


S. 


south; southern. 


Jap. 


Japanese. 


saL 


salaries. . 


Jet. 


Jesuit 


•arg.-may.sargento-mayor. 


jurisd. 


jurisdiction. 


sec 


secular. 


L. 


lake. 


secuL 


secularization; secularize; 


mil. 


military. 




secularized. 


miss. 


mission. 


sec> 


secretary. 


misty 


missionary. 


Soc. £con.Sociedad Economica. 


miss's 


missionaries. 


sold. 


soldier. 


Mor. 


Moros. 


St J. of G.St John of God. 


N. 


New, or Nueva. 


Sta. 


Santa. 


N. 


north; northern. 


Sto. 


Santo. 


N. 8. 


Nuestra Sefiora. 


sup. 


superior. 


ooc 


occupation; occupied. 


synop. 


synopsis; synopsized. 


0. P. 


Order of Preachers (Dom.). 


Tag. 


TagaJog. 


ord. 


order; ordering. 


transp. 


transportation. 


0. S. A. 


Order St Augustine (Aug.). 


treas. 


treasury. 


0. S. F. 


Order St Francis (Fran.). 


trib. 


tribute. 


Phil. 


Philippines. 


Trin. 


Trinitarian. 


pol. ) 
polit) 


political. 


univ. 
vill. 


university, 
village. 


prov. 


province. 


Vis. 


Visayan; Visayans. 






W. 


west; western. 



ANALYTICAL INDEX TO THE SERIES 



INDEX 

[Note — The black face figures denote volume number; light face figures denote 
page of the volume. Thus ai, 7, means Vol. ai, page 7.] 

Aanilao: a8, 166. See Anilao. 
Abac: Jes. administer, a8, 17a. 
Abacas ( Abacaes, pagan tribe in Cent Luzon) : location, 48, 60 ; language, 63 ; of 

villages, 63, 64; character, 37, *44, 48, 63, 73; christianized, 37, *44, 38, 141, 

4a, 354, 48, 15, 60, 63-66, 78. 
Abad y Monterde, Antonio Ramon de (Master of camp) : commands expedition against 

Jolo, 48, 158; accusations against, 159; controversy with Jesuits, 16a. 
Abadia, Juan de la, O.P.: miss, to Japan, 31, 172. 
Abarca, Antonio de, S.J.: life and labors, 36, 55, 40, 107, 44, 56, 63, 65. 
Abarca, Juan de, O.S.A.: sketch, 38, 98. 
Abarca de Bolea, Pedro Pablo, Condede Aranda (Aragonese noble) : appointed to 

ministerial offices, 50, 35, 373, 384; circular letter to colonies (1767), 377; letter to 

Raon, 287-289, 394; cited, 5*, 97. 
Abarungco (visits of Quingua) : 42, 193. 
Abasia (dist in Caucasus) :. its products, 27, 97. 
Abbas (shah of Persia) : captures Ormuz, 19, 303. 
Abbots: may confer tonsure, 34, 356. 
Abdaraman: becomes sultan of Mindanao, 46, 46. 
Abe Ha y Casariego, Enrique: cited, 53, 161. 
Abel I a (Avila) Fuertes, Alonso (Alonzo) de (oidor) : gov. ad interim, 17, 393, 4 J y 

20, 282; official procedures, 40, aa, 24, 384, 385, 288, 306; returns to Mexico, 371. 
Abendano, Francisco de, O.S.A.: arrival at Manila, 34, 148. 
Abcnojar, Juan de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 70. 
Abla (vill. in Luzon) : funeral of a Jes. at, 17, 76. 
Abra (Abra de Bijan, prov. in Luzon): location, 4, 68; tribes in, 68, JO, 270, 3 J, 

104, 37, 240, 48, 81; population, 33, 378; status (1591), 8, 107, 108; curacies, 

38, 165, 289 (in 1850); missions, 33, 278, 51, 49; inundation in, 53, 322; taxes, 

58; no. of schools (189a), 46, 100; expenses for adult schools, 109. 
Abreo (Abreu) : 16, 308. See Alvarez de Abreo. 

Abreo, Francisco de (Port capt) : testifies in praise of Dora., 30, 158, 159. 
Abreu, Antonio d' (Port, commander): sent (1511) to look for Spice Is., I, 2$\ at 

Banda, 33, 3*4, 34, *54- 
Abreu, Juan de (merchant) : sells ship, 4 J, 310. 
Abu at an (vill. in Irraya) : pop. (1615), 33, 56; escapes destruction by fire, 108; 

revolt in (i6ai), 112, 113; church sacked by insurgents, 118, 119; its people rich, 

115; abandoned by Irrayas, 43, 56. 
Abucanamataas (vill.): Navarrete in, 37, 399. 



20 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Abucay 

Abucay (Abocay, vill. in Pampanga) : besieged and captured by Dutch (1647), 35, 
18, 19, 262-269; reinforcements sent from Manila, 274; a place of banishment, 39, 
136; Oriong separated from, 41, 249; Rec convent in, 21, 247; administered by 
Don., 28, 140, 173, 30, 250, 35, 262, 37, 108, 41, 249, 255, 43, 38, 47, 320; 
residence of miss'ies., 30, 250; church at, demolished by civil authorities, 36, 119; 
convent searched by sec authorities, 4a, 224; converts at, 43, 51, 68, 47, 325. 

Abuleis, Raya (ruler of Tern ate) : detains a Span., 33, 365; his wife and sons, 259, 
34, 55, 65, 158; murdered by his daughter, 33, 259. 

Abulug (vill. in Luzon): population (1596), 31, 27; its limekiln, 3 J, 159; Dom. 
administer, 30, 301, 302, 310-317, 31, 27, 158, 32, 40, 147- 

Abuyo: settlement in Leyte, 5, 51 ; status (1591), 8, 129; a Jes. mission, 28, 91, 36, 55. 

Abuyo Ebito (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 129. 

Abuy6an: Rec. administer, 28, 154, 175. 

Abuyog: pop., 17, 203; Jes. administer, 28, 151, 172. 

Abuyon: a curacy, 28, 164. 

Abyssinia: called Middle India, ZZ% 332. 

Acabite: 5, 192. See Cavite. 

Acacan: port on Rota Is., I, 322. 

Acapulco (Capulco- mistranscription, town in Mexico): meaning of name, 37, 287; 
location, 3, 129, 130, 190, 3<», 6, 137, 14, 182, 271, 16, 204, J3, 176, 29, 310, 36, 
189, 37, 187; vill. near, 30, 203; climate, 37, 18; excellent harbor, 2, 84, 3, 190, 
14, 183; description, I, 66, 16, 200, 29, 310, 311, 30, 54, 37, 285-287; pop., 30, 
54; port of supply for N. Espana, 48, 314; objective point for Phil, ships, 3, 209, 
249, 302, 16, 29, 63, 205, 17, 31, 18, n6, 185, 248, 21, 269, 23, «, 47, **> 
280, 29, 83, 86, 35, 42, 37, 167, 251, 268, 39, 300, 42, 170, 200, 213, 214, 286, 
290, 311, 44, 182, 47, 65, 69; ships winter there, 37, 122; point of embarcation 
for Phil., 6, 54, 207, 254, M, 54, *4, 102, 15, 34, 238, 16, 175, 18, 178, 180, JO, 

214, 21, I20, 122, 156, 185, 266, 296, 22, 62, 74, 24, 12, 58, 70, I20, 2IO, 2l8, 

285, 25, 9*, *7, 313, 30, 128, 284, 31, 13*, 36, 261, 37, 69, 230, 275, 41, 198, 
199, 204, 42, 203, 237, 43, 88, 89, 44, 55, 7$, 100, 142, 46, 282; proper time to 
sail from, 7, 135, 23, 47, 25, 41, 35, 250, 38, 244; legal status of seamen at, 29, 
iia, 113; ship burned at, 37, 291; Span, at, 3, 129-131, 7, 67, 14, 187, 273, 331, 
16, 200, 18, 116, 155, 19, 16, 24, 109, 31, 170, 36, 141, 37, 179, 4 it 200, 210, 42, 
303; foreigners at, 1, 65, 7, 67, M t 67, 47, 232; ships built and repaired at, 3, 

215, 216, 4, 75, 77, 12, 12, 48, 26, 281; scarcity of artisans in, 42, 229; scarcity 
of vessels, 29, 85; warehouse urged for, 12, 75; fortified by Cerralvo, 22, 45; ex- 
penses to ships and merchants heavy at, 6, 289, 295, 296, 18, 299; meas. for de- 
creasing expense, 6, 296; duties on mdse. at, 16, 186, 191, 192, 18, 299; customs 
officers at, too strict, 6, 313; mdse. embargoed at, 47, 74; annual market at, 42, 
235; roy. officials at, 29, 186; Lara castellan of, 38, 20; sickness at, 44, 56; office 
of Inquisition at, 5, 265, 268; Jes. work in, 44, 56; views, 14, 103, 27, 163, 29, 
188 (in 1671). See also Officials (roy.), and Commerce: Manila-Acapulco trade. 

Acaya: junta meets at (1524), 3, 125. 

Accounts: instructions to Magalhies regarding, I, 256; stewards do not render, 18, 
X13; public, audited by Aud., 5, 18, 291, 294-298, II, 102, 103; old Span, system 
of keeping, described, 25, 74, 75, 52, 341; tribunal or bureau of, 17, 178, 27, 
235, 246, 247, 45, 32, 35, 55, 5*; examined by probate judge, 11, io, 28, 35; of 
probated estates sent to Mex., 18, 261; of hospital, superintended by auditor, 114; 
of proceeds from Crusade, 262; of estates of deceased, 5, 297, 298, 18, 261, 52, 
339, 34°* See also Officials: accountants, and Rev. 



Acuba] INDEX 21 

Acebo (Asebo, Azebo, Azevo), Gaspar de: govt sec, 14, 159; official acts, 6, 230, 

8, 178, 18a, 185, 194-19^1 9, 94i «6o, 10, 280, a8i, 289-293, 11, 185, 15, 216, 3x7, 

45, 106 
Acevedo. See also Azevedo. 
Acevedo (Azevedo) Coitdfio, Antonio de (Port lawyer, member of royal council) : 

deputy to junta of Badajoz, 1, 172, 174, 183, 186, 219; ambassador at treaty of 

Zaragoza, 223. 
Acevedo, Joel: appointed alcalde - mayor, 49, 305. 
Acevedo (Azevedo), Juan de (ship-capt): in battle with the Dutch, 18, 39, 19, 

227, 232. 
Ache (Achen), Dato (Moro pirate) : ally of Corralat, 27, 326; envoy to Span., 33, 

205, 206, 27, 299; escapes arrest by them, 38, 58-61; plans raids against Span., 

29, 142, 158, 201; hurt in mine explosion, 44, 45, 160; reported dead, 38, 50. 
Achen (Acheen, Achem, Achin, Achan, Hachen) : kingdom in Sumatra, 4, 131, 7, 

221, 222; location, 4, 65, 14, 114; Malays in, 23, 12, 97; foreigners at, 17, 254, 

2 SS> 39, 92, 120; Mahometanism in, 3, 301, 308, 3x5, 4, 66. King of - described, 

4, 65; imprisons Dutch, 15, 308; becomes their ally, 3x0, 17, 255, 256, 268, 269, 

19, 207, 291, 35, 52; releases captives, 17, 256, 270; hostilities with Port, 4, 65, 

229, 17, 255, 256, 267, 39, 198; conquered by Span., 17, 270, 19, 292, 33, 90, 

3x9; besieges Malaca, 17, 255, 268-270; invades territory of Johore, 31, 103; his 

wealth and power, 17, 255, 29, 198, 31, 103 ; death, 29, 24. 
Achen, Dato (Moro pirate) : imprisons religious, 35, 88; incites Borneans, 38, 136. 
Achenese (Achinese, inhab. of Achen, q, v.): conquests by, 4, 65; blockade Malaca, 

*9> 197; penalties among, 50, 33. 
Achotegui (Achoteguy) y Olaso, Juan de (royal treas.) : qualifications, 35, 308; 

Guerrero censures, 3x5; reenforces Ternate, 35, 177. 
Acibagalen: Cebuan chief, 33 , 337. 
Acibi Pacos: Siamese city, 10, 288. 
Acina y Havarria, Lorenzo de (oidor) : embarks from Acapulco, 4 J, 271 ; sustains 

Abella, 284. 
Aclan (dirt, in Panay) : 23, 295; (encomienda) status in 1591, 8, 135; population, 

33, 164; Aug. convent in, 17, X97, X98, 33, 12*, 34, X04, X05, xxo, X75. 
Aclan (vill. in I locos) : an Aug. reduction, 37> 242, 284, 38, 2x6 ; conversions, 224, 

239. 
Aclan (vill. in Panay): its harbor-bar, 34, 106; shipbuilding in, 1x2; raided by 

Moros, 35, 154- Aug. at -miss, established, 33, 122, 38, 2x6; their labors, 17, 197, 
18, 278, 23, 256, 257, 262, 295, 34, 77, 93. Returned to diocese and admin, by 

secular priests, 23, 295, 34, 104, 28, 162, 164, 38, 2x6. 
Aclaras (misprint for Alcaraz, q. v., under Andres de) : 19, 125. 
Acocer, Alonso de (ship-capt) : commands patache, 37, 313. 
Acoray: 8, 260. See Korea. 

Acosta, Beatriz de (Jap. mestizo convert) : tortured, 34, 236, 238-240. 
Acosta, Facundo (priest) : directs foundry, 49, 283. 
Acosta, Fernando (ship-capt) : in Malaca, 17, 260. 
Acosta, Francisco de, O.P. : pay-checks transferred to, 36, X77. 
Acosta, Joseph de, S.J.: Salazar unfriendly to, 8, 38, 278. See also under Books. 
Acosta, Maria de (Jap. mestizo convert) : tortured, 34, 236, 238. 
Acta, Francisco (son of Fil. chief) : arrested and sentenced for conspiracy, 7, 100-103, 

107. 
Acuba (encomienda): status (159O1 8, 112. 



22 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Acufla 

Acufia, Cristobal de: I, 173-174. Sec Vasquez de Acufia. 

Acufia, Gaspar Bello de (oidor): report, 37, 247. 

[Acufia, Juan de, Marques de Casafuerte] (viceroy of Mexico, 1721-33) : opinions 
regarding Manila - Acapulco trade, 45, 29, 35-42, 45; orders rdg. gall, of 1734, 
38, 45, 57, 63; orders rdg. gall, revoked, 40, 53, 56-58; investigates valuation of 
Manila goods, 63. 

Acufia, La Casamana: 15, 88. See Laksamana. 

Acufia, Pasqual de, S.J.: captive, in Caraga, ao, 94; his work in Dapitan, 44, 61. 

Acufia, Pedro de: 18, 311. See Brabo de Acufia. 

Acufia, Rodrigo de (Span, naval capt): captivity at Pernambuco, a, 11, 28, 29; 
salary as commander, 27; cited, 28. 

Acufia, Thomas de: aa, 224, 31, 187. See Brabo de Acufia. 

Acunha de Moguemes, Pedro de (Port naval officer) : witnesses document, a, 257. 

Acuyo: gold extorted from, 3, 255. 

Adams, William (Hispanicized as Guillermo Adam or Adan, Eng. trader in Japan) : 
intrigues against Span., ao, 80, 3a, 32; sketch, n % 169, 17a 

Adan (vill in I locos) : Aug. reduction, 37, 224. 

Adan, Juan, S.J.: letter, quoted, M 9 198, 199. 

Adang: 48, 81, 82. See Gaddang. 

Adasaolan (Moro chief) : rebels against and kills his ruler, 40, 127-129. 

Adelantado, title conferred on discoverers: defined, 1, 282; a reward, 6, 187, 8, 
76; privileges attached to, 23, 192, 34, 247. 

Adelinte (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 308. 

Aden (port in Arabia) : Europeans at, 1, 194, 34, 41, 153. 

Adiamora: 11, 138. See Mora, Raja. 

Adil Sula (or Lula), Soltan (ruler of Borneo) : letter to Tello (1599), 11, 120-122, 317. 

Adriano, — : alcalde-mayor, 39, 191. 

Adriano, Numeriano (member of Liga Filipina) : shot, 5a, 225. 

Aduarte (Auduarte, Duarte), Diego de, O.P.: joins Phil, miss., 32, 266; goes with 
expedition to Cambodia, 31, 10, ix, 76, 77, 90, 91, 95, 99, 112, 113, 33, 267; ac- 
companies L. Dasmarifias, and is shipwrecked, 15, 164, 31, 103, 105, 113, 116; 
carries aid to Dasmarifias in China, 15, 164, 31, 118, 1x9; tortured and imprisoned 
by Chin., 121-129; ransomed by Port trader, 127; escapes from China, 131; brings 
miss, bands to Phil. Is., 14, 81, 90, xxo, 330-336, 17, 235, 236, 3^ 59, 141, x86, 
187, 224, 270, 271, 277; commended by Bp. Soria, 17, 236; in Malacca, 31, 104, 
3a, 268; in India, 269; hardships, 31, 90, 96, 113, 114, 129, 32, 268-270; appointed 
bp. of N. Segovia (1632), 280; opposes Guerrero, as, 6x, 2x4, 2x6; opposes Colla- 
do's schemes, 162; renounces right to visit friar miss's., 35, 321, 322; confers 
baptisms, 31, 80; a peace-maker, 92, 32 t 259; offices filled by, 31, 90, 93, 94, 105, 
3a, 59, i66 f 22X, 251, 274-280; illness and death, 27, 309, 30, 282, 3*> 9, 25a 
Acct of his life, labors, and virtues, 14, 8x, 82, 31, 98, 105, 32 t 263-284 (charities, 
275, 276, 281-283) ; miraculous virtue in his gown, 267; cited in regard to Gallinato, 
19, 196; facsimile of autograph, 3a, 297. Writings - hist of Sant Rosario prov., 
3a, 259 (g. v. under Books) ; letters and petitions to Felipe III (1605-06), 14, 81- 
xo8, 165, 28, 143, 144; proposal to destroy Macao (16x9), 18, 194-203; letter to 
Felipe IV (1629), ^3y 26, 27. 

Adulterations: of food, 6, 51, 52, 24, 296; of silk fabrics, 22 t 285; of drugs, 45 
288; of chocolate, 47, 274; by Chin., 44, 146. 

Aduna, Luis de (cavalry capt) : takes part in quelling Pampango insurrection, 38, 
X5*» *73i «74. 



Agriculture] INDEX 23 

Aduna, Martin de (capt.) : Sangleys kill, 39, 203, 205, 212. 

Aduna, Pablo de (priest) : appointed chaplain, 39, 176 ; refutes to act with cabildo, 
17ft* 262; arrested, 213; favorite of gov., 240; death, 28a 

Adona, Pedro Martin de (capt) : despatched against Sangleys, 29, 201, 211, 212. 

Aetas (Atas, Ataas, Itaas): 43, 115, 48, 93; meaning of term, 43, 278. See also 
Balugas, and Negritos. 

Afan de Ribera, Dr. Diego (oidor of Manila) : directs funeral rites, 36, 27. 

Afan de Rivera, Juan: bis grant, 47, 141. 

Alfonso V (king of Portugal): father of Joio II, 1, 355; papal concessions to, 136. 

Affonso VI (king of Portugal) : sketch, 1, 356. 

Affulug (Afulug) : Apayaos visit, 43, 73 ; Dom. reside in, 37, 108. 

Africa: Port explorations on coast, 1, 23, 24, 101, 104, 137, 308, (benefits of these, 
22, 23) ; Span, land there, 319; concessions to Portugal regarding, 89, 3, 121; 
Port, possessions in, 21, 272-274; Span, territory in, 43, 115; Dutch fleet sent to, 
11, 167 (see also Cape Town); influence of trade with, 1, 22, 23; commercial 
relations with Asia, 217, 88-90. Inhabitants - Moors, 2121, 29; tree-dwellers, 21, 
241 ; negroes, 38, 167 (see Negroes) ; a place of banishment, 50, 299, 521, 344. 

Agafia (Agadna), (vill. in Guam): 33, 324; Jes. adxnhx, 38, 152, 172; under 
diocesan vicar, 277. 

Aganduro Moriz, Rodrigo de (Rec) : 211, 116. See San Miguel, Rodrigo de. 

Agat (vill. in Marianas Is.): Span, reduce, 9, 82; Jes. admin., 218, 152, 172; under 
diocesan vicar, 277. 

Agate, — : sketches Mohammed Polalu, 43, 153. 

Agava: Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Agayayos (mt pass in Luzon) : probable location, 38, 191 ; difficult of passage, 194, 
199; Span, garrison, 191; Pena deserts, 193, 194; rel. traverse pass, 199. 

Agbay (Moro) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 

Aglao (Zambal vill.): Span, burn, 38, 229, 41, 250; population, 47, 294; natives 
removed from, 295; Dom. ask for, 41, 258. 

Aglipay, Gregorio (Fil. ecclesiastic): his schism, 52, 169; sketch, 45, 234. 

Agno (Zambal vill.): revolt in, quelled, 41, 12, 65, 69, 70, 85; site moved, 24, 239, 
240; status (1878), 28, 305; population (1905), 41, 239. 

Agonoc (encomienda) : no. of tributes, 22, 217; pension charge on, 219. 

Agonoy: 33, 263. See Hagonoy. 

Agoo (A goo; "port of Japan"): royal encomienda, 14, 245; first Jap. port in Phil. 
Is^ 18, 299; in Zambal insurrection, 38, x86, 189, 190; Aug. at, 17, 195, 28, 158, 
167, 37, 236, 246, 38, 182. 

Agra (Aug. reduction) : founded, 39, 270. 

Agreda, Nicolas de, O.S.A.: escorts miss, to Mexico, 34, 423. 

Agriculture (in Phil. Is.) — 

In general: general statements, 1, 76, 51, 243-251 (in 1827), 52, xx, 25, 26, 291- 
524, 387, 388; importance and value to the islands of this industry, 19, 251, 51, 
19, 52, 20, xo8, 291; neglected, 1x3 (by Span., 6, 271, 28, 285; by natives, 3, 
56, 6, sx, 53, 223, 16, 159, 187, 18, 130) ; in backward condition, 51, 15, 125, 144, 
521, 161, 293; causes of this, 51, 244, 245; obstacles to, 52, 303, 305, 306; lack of 
system in, 38, 48. Crops destroyed -by fire, 7, 167, 9, 247; by flood or excessive 
rain, 37, *94» 39, *47, 4*, «9, *5* ; hurricanes, 38, x8x, 48, 175 ; drouth, 35, 184, 

43, 2x4; birds, 16, 92; civet-cats, 51, 130; ™ts, 16, 1x8, 37, 294, 48, 175; lo- 
custs, 5, 135, *5, 184, 16, 92, 30, 200, 2x4, 3x0, 31, 203, 204, 35, IS, 184, 4a, 262, 

44, 68, 51, i*7; enemies, 15, 193, 217, 287 (at Silang, by Rec friars, 39, «44)i 



24 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Agriculture 

Agriculture (continued) — 

38, 134, 4 it 289, 290, 306, 307, 43, 7*. 44, 75, «28; lack of laborers, 41, 34, 4*, 268. 
Fil. in, I, 71, 40, 83, ax 1, 292; taught it by Span., 9, 236; depend upon this in- 
dustry, 14, 156, 34, 279; best suited for it, 51, 271; should not neglect, 44, 138; 
oppressed, refuse to sow their fields, 37, 293; compelled to labor in, 46, 55; agric. 
students, in U. S., 45, 303. Span, engage in, 33, 270, 53, 1x9 (see also Estates, 
and Lands); urged to do more, 53, 41; neglect it, 16, 165, 28, 178, 285; not 
fitted for field work, 51, 271; exempt from arrest during harvest, 53, 293. Chin, 
engage in, 16, 194, 35, 279, 44, 45, 5<>, 253, 51, 272, 5*, I44J fiP°<i laborers, 33, 
270; displace Fil. in, 16, 43, 295; in provinces, restricted to agric., 51, 58; (see 
also Chinese). In regions - promoted in Albay (ca. 1840), 51, 56; products in 
Babuyanes Is., 3a, 93 ; impracticable in Batanes Is., 48, 175 ; prospers in Batan, 
30, 2x4, 251, 252; condition in Bohol, a8, 338, 339; in Calamianes Is., a8, 322; 
area now cult in Camarines, 34, 386; in Leyte (1565), 33, 149; Luzon adapted to, 
38, 53 ; products in Mindanao, 18, 105, 37, 292, 38, 273 ; a means of Hiaptniciz- 
ing that island, 44, 65; in Mindoro, 28, 3x3, 41, 235; progress, in Negros, 28, 
320, 322; in Palawan, 33, 211; in Pampanga, 34, 408 (decline there, 16, 108); 
in Taal, 33, 3>o; in Ticao, 41, 2x2; in Tuy, 14, 29a Among various tribes, 
14, 157, 303, 16, 113, 18, 33», Mt 273, *8, 247, 31, 204, 34, 377, 3**, 40, 47, 
41, 235, 43, 44, »^5, 230, 233, 256, 302, 47, 292-297, 328, 5*, 323, 324. Methods 
-primitive, of natives, 40, 292, 48, 79, 80, 104, 51, 128, 129; a task of women, 5, 
99, 43, 308; superintended by chiefs, 16, 322; irrigation practiced by natives, 7, 
174, 8, 251, 33, 244, 245, 38, 320, 3a, X99, 37, 294, 47, 20X, 48, 298, 5*, 323, 324 
(taught by missionaries to wild tribes, 48, 75); id. practiced by Jes., 51, 125; 
id, promoted in Spain, 53, 353; large crops (1679-80), 43, x8a Conditions of 
agric. in Phil. Is. (1784), 53, 292-301, 302-307 (in 1866); committee appointed 
(1854) to investigate these, 3x9; in the hands of the Chin., 35, 194 (see also 
Chinese); needs capital, security, and protection, 53, 303, 307, 3x2; should be en- 
couraged and stimulated, 6, 169, 170, 47, 257, 266, 51, 19, 2x7, 2x8, 241, 265 
(especially among natives, 48, 228, 244, 245). Encouraged in Span, colonies, 51, 
39; promoted in Phil. Is., 7, x6, 9, 236, 53, 2x4; by royal decrees, 51, 13, 52, 53; 
by governors, 17, 270, 299, 306, 49, 20, 50, 48, 5«, 52, 59, 64, a8 5J b y Compafiia 
de Filipinas, 53, 1x4; by Economic Soc, $1, 56, 3x4, 3x5, 322; secular priests 
urged to promote, 50, 266; Comyn's plan for developing, 51, 9a Means for pro- 
moting, 51, 202, 271, 272, 53, 303-307; natives exempted from repartimiento at 
busy seasons, 44, 131; colonists should engage in, 34, 251, 252; criminals should 
be employed in, 36, 298; penalty for neglecting, 47, 328, 53, 296, 302; citizenship 
of natives, 304; loans to farmers, 223; security for these, 304, 305; provision for 
comfort of laborers, 51, 271, 272; application of obras pias to agric. objects, 51, 
240, 241, 265; obliging provincial officials to cultivate land, 271; collection and 
dissemination of information, 53, 3x1-322; rewards to cultivators and inventors, 
311-322; experiments in cult, 3x3, 3x6-321; introduction of machinery, 51, 52, 53, 
53, 223, 3x0, 311, 3x7-3x9. Improved and fostered by foreigners, 51, 126, 53, 1x4; 
promoted by Friends (Quakers), 51, 271; stimulated by commercial speculations 
of alcaldes-mayor, 223; by spice-trade, 47, 283, 284; by Suez Canal, 53, 112; by 
judicious customs tariff, 51, 233; private enterprise more effectual than public, 242. 
Fostered by religions, 1, 57, 38, 253, 44, 8x, 51, 264, 5a, 49, 166; miss's, introduce 
useful plants, and improved methods, I, 42 ; instruct natives in agric., 34, 4x5, 48, 
x 5» 75, 77, 79 (■** *lso Missions and Missionaries). Instruction in agric., 53, 106; 
chair of, 50, 52, 51, 260, 52, 3x0; schools for, 17, 311, 45, 285, 315-318, 5a, 320, 



Agriculture] INDEX 25 

321; taught in Manila normal school, 46, 87; in village schools, 97; primers for, 
253 ; FiL students instructed in U. S., 45, 303 ; experiment station estab. in Negros 
by Amen, 45, 317; see also Educ. Sources for study of agric. in Phil. Is. indicated, 
53, 143, 144. 

Lands', estates and ranches - reed, by donation, 5a, 30a (see Encomiendas) ; great, 
lacking in PhiL Is., I, 75; owned by mil. orders, 137; by relig. orders, 44, 278, 
S*, i*7» »59» x$6, »75» 186 (see each order, also Friars); by Span., 15, 30a; by 
foreigners, 5a, 311; should be allowed to alcaldes-mayor, 51, 271, 272; native 
squatters on, 5a, 306; cost of operating, in Phil. Is., 51, 133-135. Estancias- 
defined, 51, 32. Farms -to be allotted to colonists, 7, 157; near Cavite, 36, 96; 
tithes levied on products of Span., 7, 146, 9, 229; owned by relig. and charitable 
orders, 10, 250, 47, 67, 199, 50, 297 (see also each order). Orchards - cult by 
FiL, 40, 293; burned, ia, 143; of Jes. college, a8, 82, 202; near Manila, 36, 204, 
38, 47; needed in Phil., 51, 272. Gardens - possessed by Visayans, 3, 268; by 
Zambals, 47, 295, 296, 328; Chinese buy, 10, 88; kitchen, 86; in Manila suburbs, 
38, 47; a resort for recreation, 36, 204; of Jes. college, a8, 202; needed in Phil. 
Is*, 51, 272. (See also Lands.) 

Special crops (see each, under Plants and Trees): banana (inch abaci) -cult 
by natives, 38, 275, 40, 293, 41, 289, 43, 230, 269; experiment in cult, 5a, 3x7. 
Bean - a product of Phil., 5, 45, 2x0 ; several varieties, 36, 201 ; cult by natives, 

35, 302. Betel (see Buyo) -how cult, 16, 97; grown by Jes., at Tunasan, 50, 48. 
Cabbage - cult, aa, 299. Cacao - introduced into PhiL Is., ao, 198; cult, there, 
40, 293, 43, 243 (by converts), 224, 252, 51, 139, *49, 5*, 43 J cult encouraged, 
SO, 73, 51, 53, 5a, 322. Cinnamon - experiments in cult, 47, 259, 262, 264, 276, 
49, 178; cult promoted, 50, 48, 52, 73, 51, 53; (see also Spices). Clove -cult 
promoted, 50, 48, 51, 53. Cocoa-palm - cult, aa, 69, a8, x8x, 43, 201, 269, 47, 
256, 50, 48; natives required to cult, 2x6. Coffee - product of various islands, 51, 
247; cult, 43, 224, 269, 5?t 3"-3i3; cult, urged and encouraged, 51, 53, 5a, 43, 
3x1-3x4, 322; promoted by miss's, 1, 42; workmen for, needed in PhiL, 51, 250; 
pamphlets on, published, 5a, 3x1, 322. Cubebs- grown in J0I6, 34, 325. Cotton - 
where produced, as, 50, 27, 80, 48, 46, 304; cult, of American, introduced into 
PhiL, 5*> 317, 3*8; of Egyptian, planned, 320. Cucumber - cult, ^ 299. Fig- 
cult of, introduced from Spain, 16, 88, 234, 235. Fruits (see also Orchards, above) 
-cult, 9, 60, 18, 328, 47, 20X; Span., grown in Ituy, 32, 199 (do not succeed in 
PhiL, 16, 88); exportation will increase cult, 47, 257. Gabe (Caladium) -cult. 
in Mindanao, 43, 269; Zambals must plant, 47, 328. Ginger -grown in J0I6, 34, 
285. Grain - produced in Parapanga, 4, 80, 81; increase in productibn, 12, 74; 
eaten by locusts, 5, 135; cult encouraged, 50, 251. Grape (see also Wines and 
liquors) -cult introduced into PhiL Is., 16, 88, 35, 303; cultivated in N. Espana, 

36, 260, 261; cult forbidden in N. Espana, 45, 75. Indigo -cult, 51, 134, 246, 
3a, 3x6; yield, 51, 134; crop precarious, 129; cult encouraged, 50, 52, 5a, 314; 
promoted by miss's, 1, 42; workmen for, needed in PhiL, 51, 250; manuals regard- 
ing. 5*> 3"» 3*4- Lemon -cult by Jes., 50, 48. Lettuce - introduced into PhiL, 
35, 302 ; cult, 4, 67, 2^, 299. Lumbia - cult in Mindanao, 43, 269. Maize - cult 
by natives, a, 69, 39i 99, 43, 214, *3<>, 2$6, 302, 44, 54 (by Negritos, 31, 81). 
Manga -cult by Jes., 50, 48. Manioc (tapioca) -cult by natives, 43, 256. 
Mulberry -cult, by silk-growers, 44, 295, 298; by Jes., 12, 230, 50, 48, 49; many 
trees planted in Camarines, 48; cult, encouraged, 73, 51, 53; injured by neglect 
of producers, aa, 284. Nutmeg - cult, promoted, 50, 48. Oak - needs cult, 47, 278. 
Olive -cult introduced, 16, 88; grown at Cavite, 17, xoo, 103; cultivated in N. 



26 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Agriculture 

Agriculture (continued) — 
Espafia, 36, 260, 261; cult forbidden in N. Espafia, 45, 75. Orange -cult by Jea* 
50, 48. Pepper (see also Spices) -is profitably cult, 48, 279; grown in PhiL, 
34, 285; cult promoted, 50, 48, 52, 73, 251. Pomegranate - cult introduced, 16, 
88. Poppy -cult recommended, 51, 252; investigated, 5a, 311, 318. Potato, sweet 
-cult by natives, 43, 2x4, 230, 269, 5a, 306. Radish - introduced into Phil., 35, 
302; cult, aa, 299. Rice -produced in Phil., 5, 43-47, 53, 55, **, *7"77, 8x, 95, 97. 
1 01, X05, 2x0, 2x2, 8, 89, as, 50, 37, 80; principal product of islands, 35, 302; 
regions where produced, 3, 169-171, 180, 197, 4, 80, 284, 7, 38, 8, 85, 9, 60, 10, 
54, 69, ia, 300, 18, 96, 102, 105, a7, xo8, 148, 39, x6a, 30, 272, 33, 133, 187, *>5t 
34, »34, 383, 35, 9*, 39, «<>6, 41, 306, 44, 4*, Alt 64, 118, 126, 149; varieties, 51, 
129; time for planting, 128; grown on uplands, 5, 121, 9, 290; on irrigated lands 
(tubiganes), ia, 2x0, 48, 298 (see also Methods: irrigation, above); on mud-flats 
(basacams), A A, 64. Itt cuktire, 8, 81, 13, 209, 19, 72, 33, 10, 36, 37, 2x4, 244, 
*7, 357, 39, 209, 31, 53, 3*, 199, 35, x6, X94, 36, 240, 245, 38, 48, 39, 99, 40, 
194, 292, 51, 126; two crops annually, 8, 251, 5a, 3x5; mode of cult, 4, 10, 66, 67, 

8, 89, 39, 296, 3a, 199 (improved by miss's, 1, 42) ; engaged in by various peoples, 
7, 175, *» 92, ia, 187, 13, 209, 17, XX4, 34, 377, 4<>, 87, 43, 45, *$a, »5*» 
269, 48, 104, 51, 81 (by Negritos), 85, 52, 306; sowed by women, 51, 271; 
carabao used in cult, 128. Extent of production, 6, 149, 7, 38, I a, 300, 18, 969 
X02, aa, 21, 270, 33, 264, 34, 383, 35, 9*, 38, 53; season for harvesting, 4, 285; 
harvested, 5, 165, 10, 58 ; not harvested in Taguima, 3, 197 ; reaped from boats, 
ia, 3x0; how garnered, 3a, 200; yield and profits, 51, 134; failure of crops, 35, 
184, 44, 262. Sago -plantations, in Mindanao, 29, 165; perpetual, 34, 155. 
Sugar-cane - varieties, 51, 136, 137; quality in PhiL, 247; cult, by natives, and 
in various islands, ia, 301, 37, 275, 30, 278, 31, 187, 33, 187, *>7, 35, 502, 39» 
98, 41, 289, 4a, 278, 43, 134, 230, 269, 49, 266, 51, 246; Zambals must cultivate, 
47, 328; grown by Jes., 50, 48; cult promoted by miss's, 1, 42; method of plant- 
ing,' 51, 129; yield and profits, 134; workmen for, needed in Phil., 250; cult 
promoted, 50, 48; reports on cult, 5a, 3x2, 322. Tea -cult encouraged, 51, 53; 
experiments therein, 5a, 3x7. Tobacco - introduced into Phil, by govt, 1, 42, 17, 
334, 50, 53; cult there, 17, 334, 335, 39, 3*, 4*, «93, 43, 224, 225, 269, 49, 37, 

50, 54, 51, xx8; by natives, 43, 301, 51, 81 (Negritos), 118; Gardoqui develops 
its cult, 51, 37; cult area increased, 51, 59; growers exempt from tribute, 120. 
Vegetables - cult encouraged, 50, 251. Wheat -cult in Phil., 15, 303, 16, 234, 
18, 328, aa, 143, J3, 38, 38, 48, 52, 47, 185; degenerates there, 35, 302, 36, 201; 
cult encouraged, 50, 251. 

Farmers: needed in Phil., 6, 170, 269, 9, 276, 10, 263, II, 286; taken there by 
G. Dasmarinas, 7, 155; should be married, 7, 156; must not change occupation, 
6, 171 ; give bonds, 7, 156; encouraged in PhiL, 9, 237; animals granted to, 9, 237; 
encomenderos must assist, 7, 157; privileges, grants, and concessions to, 6, 170, 171, 

9, *37, 35, 194, 51, 53, 5*, 291, 293, 299; rewards given to, 50, 5*, 51, 53; 
ordered to domesticate wild buffaloes, 7, 156; must not cut into roads for their 
private ends, 46, 309; of IIocos, aid Manila hosp., 47, 203; ruled by self-interest. 
5 J, 43; contracts with usurers, 295; united into hamlets, 305. Native, 3, 266; 
in Mindanao, 10, 69, 71, 43, 270; given credit until harvest, 48, 303; methods, 

51, 245. Chinese, 7, X39, X55, 44, X46; excel as, 18, 306. Schools for, 45, 3*5- 
3x7 (Span.), 3x7-3x8 (Amer.) ; farmers aided by Economic Soc, 5a, 320, 322. 

See -Lands; Mammals; Cattle; Plants and trees; Provisions and supplies; 



Aguilera] INDEX 27 

Tools, implements, snd utensils; Filipinos; Borneo, Chins, N. Espsfis, Spain, and 
other countries; snd Stock-raising. 

Aguado, Guillermo: cited, 53, 167. 

Agues, Alexo (sargento-mayor) : repulses Dutch, 35, 268. 

Aguayo, Gsspsr Ruiz de (factor) : purchases govt supplies, 37, 261, 262. 

Aguayo, Lays de, S. J.: arrives at Manila, 44, 56; in Bohol, 36, 55. 

Agueda (Tagacaolo): enslaved, 43, 242. 

Aguera, Joan de: encomienda assigned to, 34, 306. 

Agneira, — > (capt) : Jes, warns, of revolt by natives, 38, 183. (Perhaps misprint 
in Diaz for Arqueros.) 

Aguetet (misprinted Aguette): part of encomienda of Labo (9. v.), 8, X2x, 122, 
«3, 332. 

Agoiar (cf. Aguilar), Andres de (aiferez) : pay-check, 26, 159. 

Aguiar, Pero Alfonso (Pedro Alonso) de (Port noble and deputy): at junta of 
Badajos, 1, 174, 183. 

Agoiar y Seyjas, Francisco de (abp.) : visits Rec hospitium, 41, 204. 

Agnila, Conde del: books owned by, 53, 31. 

Agnila, Diego del, O.P.: life and labors, 14, 84, 31, 252, 253. 

Agnila, Diego del, O.S.A.: life and services, 24, 126, 133. 

Agnila, Guillermo de (pilot) : brother of Patricio, 4a, 292. 

Agnila, Joan del: steals cacao, 47, 22a 

Agnila, Patricio de (capt) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 292. 

Aguilar, — (soldier) : reward ordered for, 7, 15a 

Aguilar, Alonso: his encomienda, 8, 105; acts as witness, 9, 160. 

Aguilar, Antonio de (Aug. official) : signs official act, a, x6x, 168. 

Aguilar, Catalina de: escapes shipwreck, 24, 178. 

Aguilar, Diego de, O.P.: appointed bp. of Cebti, 38, 72, 39, 179; reaches Manila, 
4a, 142, 191; decree regarding Calamianes, 41, 188; ordains clerics from Macao, 
42, 199; intercedes with Vargas for citizens, 192, 193; consecrates Pardo, 200; 
accused of greed, 39, 191. 

Aguilar, Fernando de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 71. 

Aguilar, Flora de (wife of Ventura de Santillan) : 45, 106. 

Aguilar, Juan (chaplain) : arrives at Manila (1690), 42, 291. 

Aguilar, Juan de (ecc at Manila) : official acts, 18, 190, 192, 21, 161 ; death, 18, 237. 

Aguilar, Lucas de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 24, 92, 127, 37, 178, 185. 

Aguilar, Martin de (ship-capt) : explorations on Pacific coast of America, 48, 207. 

Aguilar, Matheo dc, S. J.: dies on shipboard, 44, 56. 

Aguilar, Pedro de: founds Cebu college, 28, 88. 

Aguilar, Sebastian de (custodian of Chin, property) : 14, 39. 

Aguilar y Ponce de Leon, Rafael Maria, (gov. of Phil.) : assumes that office (1793), 
50, 69; royal instructions to, 45, 221; constructs public works, 51, 25; mil. 
measures, 50, 69, 5*1 xs, 26, 34; promotes domestic industries, 25; creates vaccina- 
tion board, 25; disputes with Alava, 50, 71, 72, 74, 51, 27; publishes Ordenanzas, 
50, 227, 51, 23; measures regarding clergy, 51, xx, 23, 24; other information, 50, 
52, 63, 72-74, 51, iaa; death (1806), 50, 74, 51, 28, 37; sketch, 17, 300. Letter 
to king (1804), cited, 52, 48. 

Aguilera, Doctor — (member of royal Council): 3» 66; signs decrees, 34, 238, 239, 
246, 248. 

Aguilera, Francisco de, O.S.A. (procurator in Spain) : 37, 226. 



28 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Aguinaldo 

Aguinaldo y Famy, Emilio (Fil. politician) : heads Fil. insurrection (1896-97), 38, 
366; establishes republic, 53, 241; appoints Aglipay vicar-general, 45, 234; cap- 
tured, 28, 366; at Hongkong, 53, 198; other information, 199, 200, 259, 51, 10$. 
Cited, 53, 195, 196; proclamation, cited, 205, 206; letters to Jes.,* cited, 189, 190, 
206 ; letter to Fray Espejo, cited, 206 ; MS. in his possession, 197. 

Aguio, Montes (hero) : climbs into heaven, 43, 306. 

Aguirre, Andres de, O.S.A. (miss'y in Phil.) : life and services, 3, 124, 129, 161, 6, 
46, 9» 3io, 3x3, 15, 4*. *3, 12% 148, 175-178, 249, 258, 272-276, *8, 179, 34t 
3*5. 3*7. 37, 160. 

Aguirre, Bartolome de, O.S.A.: letter (with others) to Felipe HI (1605), 13, 24, 
292-299, 3x8. 

Aguirre, Cathalina de (superior of Santa Isabel) : 47, 6x. 

Aguirre, Francisco (traitor) : 17, xo6, 121. 

Aguirre, Francisco Antonio de (member of Council of India) * opinion regarding 
Manila trade, 45, 56. 

Aguirre, Joaquin de (gov. -elect of Guatemala) : death, 50, 226. 

Aguirre (Aguire), Juan de (Span, officer): goes to N. Espana, 3, 124; accompanies 
Legazpi, 13, 179; explorations, 3, 209, 34, 17, 205; his company, 3, 130. 

Aguirre, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 123. 

Aguirre, Juan de (soldier): killed by natives, 35, 66-68. 

Aguirre, Juan Tello de: 37, 141. See Tello de Aguirre. 

Aguirre, Manuel: commands troops in Paragua expedition, 48, 165. 

Aguirre, Martin de: encomienda assigned to, 34, 308. 

Aguirre, Martin de, O.S.F.: martyrdom of, 15, 122. 

Aguirre, Pedro de: his encomienda, 8, 107. 

Aguirre, Pedro de, O.S.A.: sketch, 34, 41. 

Aguisan (encom.) : assigned to Riquel, 34, 305. 

Agulan (vill. in Luzon): pop. (1594), 14, 295; Miranda's exped in, 22, 295. 

Agulo, Juan de (capt) : atty.-gen. of Aud., 39, 136. 

Agurto, Pedro de, O.S.A.: first bp. of Cebu, 10, 248, 11, 206, 15, 93, 38, 274, $1, 
299; arrives in Manila, 15, 134; assumes his office, 13, 39; in councils, 10, 281, 
30, 76; relations with Jes., 13, 39, 44, 45, 254; reproves encomenderos, 134; 
founds hosp. at Cebu, 53, 333; official acts, 13, 252, 18, 244, 31, 127, 268, 271, 
33, 2x6, 2x8, 294, 51, 300; appointed bp. of N. Caceres, 9, 153; other information, 
11, 206, 13, 45» 46, 17, X75i *8> 330, 31, 271, 34, ZS, 44» 31, *47J Kfc and 
labors, 10, 281, 282, 11, 206. 

Agurto, S-L.de: 3, 328, 329. See Lopez de Agurto, Sancho. 

Agurto, Sancho Ortiz de. See Ortiz de Agurto, Sancho. 

Agusan: Rec admin., 38, 152, 175. 

Agustin, Don (Tag. chief of Tondo): his slave wounded, 4, x86; marriage, 199; 
conspires with Jap., 9, 40, 48, 49; executed, 13, 275. 

Agustin, Geronimo: sketch, 33, 28-30. 

Agutaya: Recs. retain, 41, 18, 185. 

Ahmadiba'd (Amadavaz) : chief city of Guzerati, 33, 366. 

Ailly, Pierre d' (abp. of Cambray, and card.) : computes circumference of world, 
1, 203. 

Ainum naim: Mora heaven, 43, 263. 

Ajana's (chief vill. of Panoypuyes) : destroyed by Span., 48, 129. 

A jo aceite: a condiment, 47, 277. 

Akbar the Great: Mogul emperor, 17, 252, 34, 175. 



Albay] index 29 

Alababan (M and ay a chief) : leads revolt, 33, 148, 149. 

Alabes, Diego de (Span, official): Moros capture, 37, 2x6, 3x6, 347; death, 3x9. 

Alabes, Franciaco: member of hosp. order, 47, 198. 

Alaguetes (Alagueses, tribe in mts. adjoining Ituy) : vagabonds, 33, 201 ; Dom. labor 

with, 201, 43, 76; become mingled with Pangasinans, 89. 
Alalan (Alalam, Alalang, Zambal vill.) : established, 43, 43; no. of families, 47, 

295; Dom. labor in, 38, 235, 236, 43, 54, 66; Zambals collected in, 47, 297. 
Alambcrt, d\ (Fr. writer) : cited, 50, 27. 
Alaminos (vill. in Zambales): pop. (1878), 28, 305. 
Alaminos y de Vivar, Juan (gov.) : sketch, 17, 309. 
Alamoodine: 48, 166. See Ali Mudin III. 
Alancastre, Fernando de, Duque (or Conde) de Linares (viceroy of Mex.) : viceroy 

of India, 33, 97, 27, 1x7; uL, of Mex., 44, 239; his rep. on frauds in Manila-Aca- 

pulco trade, 240-252. 
Alanchan: 15, 87. See Lantchang. 
Alangalang (vill. in Leyte) : location, 11, 2x7, 13, 289, I3> 169; population, 13, 289, 

17, 204; Jes. miss, center, 11, 15, 220-222, 12, 282, I3» **» 50-54, 89-92, 169-181, 

38, 90, X5X, 172, 36, 55- 
Alanis, Fernando de: notary public, 12, xoa 

Alanis, Francisco de: notary, 13, 286, 17, 156, 157; appointed administrator, 158. 
Alanis, Lorenzo de: arrives at Acapulco, 39, 300. 
Alanis, 39, 156. See Fuente y Alanis. 
Alap: Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Alarache: Span, exped. against, 33, 29, 39. 
Alarcon. See Ocana y Alarcon. 

Alarcon, Antonio de (ensign): commands galley, II, 292. 
Alarcon, Juan de, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 272. 

Alarcon, Juan de, O. St J. of G.: rebuilds Cavite hospital, 47, 168; sketch, 198. 
Alarcon, Julius, S. J.: aid from, acknowledged, 1, 17. 
Alarcon, Luis de (soldier) : killed by natives, 35, 66-68. 
Alarcon, Manuel de (admiral): commands "San Damian," 38, 144. 
Alarcon, Pasqual de (Span, officer) : mil. services, 16, 53, 54, 309; gov. of Tidore, 59. 
Alarcon, Pedro de, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 130; life and labors, 145, 43, 37. 
Alard, — : violin instructor, 45, 244. 
Alarife, — : constructs a bridge, 48, 141. 
Alaska : Russians in, 48, 208. 
Alava, Ignacio Maria de (naval officer) : commands Span, fleet, 50, 12, 70; welcomed 

at Manila, I, 80; ships destroyed in tempest, 50, 70; tour in islands, 43, 1x3, 50, 

70; detained at Manila, 73, 51, 27; controversy with Aguilar, 50, 71-74, 51, 27; 

organizes naval station, 50, 73; returns to Spain, 50, 45, 74; characterizes Fil., 40, 

200; sketch, 48, 169. 
Albarez de Toledo, Francisco: his encom., 8, 131. 
Albarran, — (alftrez): sentinel at Mariveles, 11, 158. 
Albay (prov. in Luzon): application of name, 3, 171; conquered by Salcedo, 3, 24, 

283; formerly in Camarines, 34, 386; extent, 38, 283; status in 1591, 8, 123, 124; 

jurisdiction, 41, 212, 242, 51, 64, 65 (in 1837) ; population, 5i 95 (in 1582), 47» 

n8. Attacked by Moros, 37, 3x4, 39, 99, 48, 50; revolt in (1650), 38, X17; 

destruction wrought by volcano Maydn, 9, 100, xox, 35, 301, 51, 35 (in 18x4). 

Shipbuilding in, 37, 250; production of abacd (in 1902), 34> 386; tobacco monopoly 

created in, 50, 56; roads built, 65; Penaranda's work there, 51, 56. Aug. in, 33, 



30 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Albay 

Albat (continued) — 

189; admin, by Fran., 35, 286, 36, 217; taken from them, 35, 321; rel. statistics 

(1742), 47, 147, 149. No. of schools (1892), 46, 100; agric. school in, 45, 3x6. 
Albay (vill. in prov. Albay) : curacy in, 38, 154; population (1649), 35, 286; official 

in, 37, *5«- 
Albear, Francisco de, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 4a, 163. 
Albemarle, Lord (Eng. commander) : attacks Havana, 49, 314. 
Albert (patriarch of Jerusalem) : frames Carmelite rules, 21, 287. 
Albert of Austria (card, archduke, nephew of Felipe II): appointed viceroy of 

Portugal (1583) and abp. of Toledo (1594), 7, 203; commends Cardenas, 22, 39; 

sketch, 18, 279, 280. 
Alberto, Raimundo, S. J.: Sangleys capture, 39, 203, 204. 
Alois: 39, 2x8. See Nava. 

Albornoz, Bernardino de (royal treasurer of N. Espafia) : accts. audited, 3, 177, 178. 
Albornoz, Perez de: enters O. St J. of G., 47, 197. 
Albucay (vill. in Mindanao) : treachery of its chief, 35, 79. 
Albuquerque (Alboquerque, Alburquerque), Afonso de (Port discoverer): conquests, 

in Orient, I, 25, 22, 305, 33, 332; explorations, 16, 241; fights Moors, 6, 59, 34, 

153; sends exped. to Spice Is., I, 25, 34, X54J officers under, 33, 3*3, 34©, 34, 153, 

154; leaves bequest to Span, shrine, 156; sketch, 6, 59. 
Alburquerque (vill. in Bohol) : status (1878), 28, 333. 
Alburquerque, — , Duke de (viceroy of N. Espafia) : censured for decision regarding 

Manila galleon, 44, 239, 240; term of office, 44, 239. 
Alburquerque, Agustin de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 3, 228, 33, 202, 210, 242-248; 

unable to enter China, 4, 49, 33, 239; writes Tag&log grammar, 12, 235, 23, 202. 
Alburquerque, Francisco Fernandez de la Cueva, Duke de (viceroy of N. Espafia) : 

delays sending aid to Phil. Is., 37, 2x3, 2x4. 
Alburquerque, Jorge (probably Port commandant at Malaca): Brito sends Span. 

prisoners to, 34, 159. 
Alburquerque, Matias de (Port officer) : naval commander at Malacca, 4, 220, 221 ; 

viceroy of India, sends fleet against Dutch, 12, 29, 30; letter (1601) to Acufia, 

29-31. 
Alcaiceria (or silk-market): its officials (1589), 7, 1x5, 133. Ale. of San Fernando, 

built by Arandia, 17, 297. See also Chinese: II -Parian. 
Alcala de Guadaira (Guadaina, town in Spain) : location, 31, 147. 
AlcaM de la Torre, Francisco de Paula: gov. of Phil., 5a, 81; praises friars, 165; 

sketch, 17, 304. 
Alcala, Juan de, S. J.: Lara commends, 216, 268. 

Alcala, Pedro de, OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129; sails for China, 145. 
Alcantira (town in Spain) : 21a, 34. See also Orders, military. 
Alcantara, Alonso de: captures Malong, 38, 178. 
Alcandora (Aljandora, Fil. petty ruler) : makes peace with Legazpi, 3, 153, 154, 233; 

his village, 151, 153, 156. 
Alcantara, Diego Ramirez de (sec priest) : app. ractonero, 26, 282. 
Alcantara, Procopio de (judge) : aids Clotet, 43, 30a 
Alcaras, Geronimo de: "Missions of rel. orders," 10, 6, 17, 187, 204-206, 3x8. 
Alcaraso, Diego de (capt) : merits reward, 6, 71 ; appointed warden of Manila 

(»5*9), 7» f 33. 
Alcaraz, Master — : Span, deputy at junta of Badajoz, 1, 175, 178, 185, 199, 216, 2x8. 
Alcaraz, Andres de (oidor) : arrives at Manila, 12, 127, 15, 281 ; official acts and 



Alduayen] index 31 

conduct, 17, 97. *8, 49-5*. 55» «4X, *43, *<>, 55; in miliUry and naval affairs, 17, 
2S9, 390, 276, 18, 31-35, 19, 125; gor. a<L interim, 221, 222; diapute with G. de 
Silva, i8 9 124; resigns office, 18, 10, 47, 48, 265; salary and pension, 47-49; other 
information, 12, 146, 13, 243, 20, 175, 29, 28; characteristics, 18, 21, 262, 263, 
*9» i74> *75; death, 130, 131; estate and residenda, 20, 176, 177; quarrels over his 
estate, 192; transactions regarding it, 26, 179, 193. Letters to Felipe III (1604, 
X617), 13, a*, 241-2451 3X7» 14, 3X5, 18, xo, 31-56, 345. 

Akarmz, Geronimo de (ecc sec): acts by, 10, 204, 205, 45, 106; visits Fil. settle- 
ment, 13* 282, 283. 

Akarmz, Ignacio de, O.S.A.: in conspiracy against provincial, 18, 84-89. 

Akarazo (Arcaraco, Arcarasso), Juan de (Span, officer) : efficiency as alcalde-mayor, 
24, 115, xi6; subdues Boholan rebels (1622), 117-1x9, 28, 327, 38, 88-92; com- 
mands fleet, 22, 187, 188, 24, 172; chief commander, 230, 231; operations as com- 
mandant of Formosa, 23, 54, 56, 94, 24, xi8, 1x9, 2x6, 32, 179 (opens relations 
with China, 185, 225); exped. to Siam, 22, 235; exped. in Leyte, 38, 92, 93; 
services rewarded by Tavora, 22, 244; donation to Misericordia, 32, 223. 

Akarazo, Capt Pedro: commands galleys, 22, 182. 

Alcazaba, Simon de (Port astrologer): enters Span, service, 1, 2x6; at junta of 
Badajoz, 174, 2x3, 2x8; removed on acct of objections by Port, 174-176, x88; 
Carlos I writes to, 2x4, 2x5; exped. by (1635), 3, 127. 

Alcazar (Akacar), Estevan de (Span, officer): sent to Pintados, 16, 303; appointed 
sargento-mayor, 19, xox-xoa; malfeasance in office, 79-82; other information, 16, 

309, 20, 22X, 26, X48. 

Alcazar, Juan de, S. J.: message sent to, 20, 39. 

Akega, Juan (Jhoan) de: signs resolutions, 9, 132, 136. 

Akiato, — (card.): approves Aug. rules, 23, 286. 

Alcina, Ignacio, S. J.: arrives in Manila, 44, 56; in Samar, 36, 56. 

Alcocer, Alonso de (capt) : commands patache, 29, 23; almiranta, 151. 

Alcocer, Martin de Garcia de, O.S.F.: bp. of Cebu, 28, 355. 

Alcoran: 48, 20a See Koran. 

Alcorobarratia Gulpide, Andres (roy. sec*y) : countersigns decree, 45, 121. 

Aldais, Diego (Span, mestizo) : insurgents seize, 49, 301. 

Aldana, — (alferez) : Dutch pillage his ship, 17, 107. 

Aldana, Baltasar de: embarks for Mexico, 6, 73. 

Aldana, Capt Garcia de: explores gold mines, 19, 159; death, 20, 57. 

Aldana, Teodoro (ecc notary) : warns Fil., 39, 138, 139. 

Aldave, Diego de (notary) : attests copy, 25, 265, 266. 

Aldave (Aldabe), Juan de: acts as witness, 11, 149, 12, 38. 

Aldave, Salvador de (Span, official): appointed treasurer at Manila (1573), 3, 281, 
3x1, 4, xxx, 34, 302 (not proprietary official, 4, 1x4) ; asks increase of salary, 34, 
26, 302; signs reply to Rada, 3, 271; official acts, etc., 3, 137-140, 4, 1x4, 169, 5, 
207; his encomienda, 3, 305, 4, 1x4; deposition by, 3, 3x0; pays debt, 3x0, 3x1; 
services, 281, 4, xxo; praised by Lavezaris, 3, 281; death, 5, 32. Letter to Felipe 
II (1574), 34, 295-303, 452. 

Aid ay, Diego de, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 42, 239. 

Alderete, — (capt) : envoy to Japan, 16, 275. 

Alderete, Diego de, O.P.: as confessor, 32, 143. 

Aldrete, Diego Carreno (notary) : attestation, 45, 147. 

Aldrete, Gracian de (sec of Felipe II) : translates bull, 1, 339. 

Alduayen, Lorencp, O.P. : sketch, 37, 66. 



32 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Alcgria 

Alegria, Miguel de (capt) : arrives at Manila, 37, 229; guards palace, 263. 

Aleman, Diego (notary) : appointed by crown, 5, 202; official acta, 3, 306, 309-311. 

Alenda, Gaspar de, O.S.F.: miss, in Formosa, 35, 320. 

Alenguen (encom.) : assigned to Durin, 34, 306. 

Aleni, Guilio (Julio), S. J.: sketch, 38, 116; cited 47, 233. 

Aleppo (Lepo, Syria) : spice-trade in, 16, 224. 

Alexander the Great: exploration and discovery by, 1, 306. 

Alexandria (Egypt) : trade-center, 16, 224, 37, 89, 90; mails sent via, 16, 206. 

Alfaro, Francisco (adj.) : commands Iligan garrison, 35, 113. 

Alfaro, Pedro de, O.S.F.: first Fran, superior in Phil. Is., 4, 308, 28, 146, 36, 213; 
conducts miss, to Phil. (1577), 34, 317, 35, 278; reaches Manila, 6, 126, ia, 192; 
exped. to China, 4, 308, 309, 6, 88, 129-134, 34, 27; provisor, 28, 270; sketch, 4, 
308, 309, 16, 126. Letter to Ayora (1679), 3a, 65. 

Alfonso I of Castile: erects church, 3a, 270. 

Alfonso X of Castile: aids Salamanca University, 48, 198. See also under Books. 

Alfonso XIII of Spain: 46, 163 ; friar memorial sent to, 5a, 227. 

Alfonso, Bernardino (capt.) : despatched to Pintados, 16, 303, 309. 

Alfonso, Martin (Port noble) : commands galleon, 4, 226. 

Alfonso, Vicente, O.P.: sketch, 31, 291. 

Alforas (Alfoores, Alfuros, Haraforas) : etymology and meaning of name, 33, 365, 
39, 22, 51, 87; application, 33, 3*5i « x » 8 7 (to Subanos, g. v.) 

Alfragano, — : computes circumference of world, I, 203. 

Algara, Jos£ (Mexican official): aid acknowledged from, 5a, 341. 

Algui, Jose", S. J. : aid from, acknowledged, 1, 17. See also Books. 

Alhambra, Balthasar de Castaneda Vizente de. See Castaneda Vizente de Alhambra. 

Ali (AIH), Serif (Arab prince) : estab. dynasty in Magindanao, 46, 46. 

Aliaco, Pedro de: 1, 203. See Ailly, Pierre d\ 

Alimanan (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 120. 

Ali-Mudin (Alimudin, Alim-ud-deen, Mahomad, Mora prince) : educated at Batavia, 
47, 247, 48, 159; chosen sultan of J0I6, 43, 177; conspiracy arising against him, 
he flees to Manila, 48, 149, 150; maintained there by govt, 150, 151; professes 

• Christian faith, and is baptized Fernando, 151-153, 158; entertained by abp., 47, 
244-248; Span, aid, to recover throne, 48, 150, 158; despatches embassy to Manila, 
53» 39; accused of treason, arrested at Zamboanga, and sent to Manila, 46, 51, 48, 
159-161, 165, 166; detained there as hostage, 165, 171, 49, 185; makes treaty with 
Span., 185, 186; Rojo consents to his return to J0I6, 48, 193; loyal to Span., 
49» 306; captured and restored to J0I6 by Brit, 48, 166, 49, 306; forms alliance 
with Brit, 252; friendly to Span., restrains Sulus, 50, 43, 44; abdicates in favor of 
his son, 49, X85 ; sketch, 17, 321, 47, *47, 248. 

Ali-Mudin II of J0I6 (son of Bantilan) : yields throne to his uncle, 43, 178 ; poisons 
his cousin Israel, 50, 47; his successor, 68. 

Ali Mudin (Alamoodine) III (of J0I6), Mahamad: heir-apparent to sultanate, 48, 
166; makes treaty with Span. (1805), 51, 28. 

Alingay (vill. in Luzon) : produces gold, 3, 223. See Arifigay. 

Alingayen: royal encomienda in, 14, 245; Aug. in, 17, 195. See Lingayen. 

Alinguey (encomienda): population (1582), 5, 107. See Aringay. 

Alipaopao: another name for Silang (q. v.), 39, 144. 

Alison, Bernardino de, S. J. : in Mindanao, 36, 57. 

Alitao: sedition suppressed in, 5a, iox. 

Alivao (Moro) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 



Alms] INDEX 33 

Allanegui, Miguel de (officer) : treasurer of Misericordia, 47, 77; gift by, 179; burial- 
place, 19a 
Allefonsce, Jean (Fr. explorer) : in Canada, 3, 87. 
Allende, Domingo (capt) : deputy of Misericordia, 47, 77. 
Aller, Juan de: aids slave-girl, 36, 32. 
Alii (Ali), Sherif (Arabian chief) : visits Borneo, 43, 173. 
Almada: 26, 303. See Mendez. 
Almadana, Arias de (magistrate and Port ambassador): letter of authorization to, 

I, 120, X2X. 

Almagro (Spain) : religious foundations in, 51, 148. 

Almaguer, Andres, O.P.: enlists in Phil, miss., 30, 12a 

Almaguer, Antonio de (Span, official) : appointment, 3, 50. 

Almmnalesi defined, 3, 207. 

Almanacs: used in navigation, 1, 203. 

Ahnansa: 33, 227. See Enriquez, and Lopez. 

Almansa, Pedro de (accountant) : duties, 18, 141 ; purchases land, 47, 20a 

[Almanzor] (King of Tidore) : Cortes writes to, 3, 39 ; dealings with Villalobos, 
66, 71. 

Ahnazan (Ahnazan): 14, 166, 38, 168, 17a See Tellez, and Sanchez. 

Ahnazan, Diego de, O.P. : arrives at Manila, 43, 29. 

Almazan, Pedro (Fil. chief): conspires against Span., and is proclaimed king, 38, 
205-209; hanged, 2x0. 

Ahnazan (Almacan), Pedro de (Span, officer) : mil. conduct, 17, 96, 97, 122, 24, 83; 
in battle of Playa Honda (1616) , 19, 228. 

Almeida, — (Port navigator) : officers under him, 33, 3x3, 364. 

Almeon: computes circumference of world, 1, 203. 

Almerique, Francisco, S. J.: life and labors, 12, 195, 199, 200, 223, 226, 260, 265, 13, 
37, 182-184, 188. 

Almodobar, — , Marquis de (member of Council of Indias) : opinion regarding Manila 
trade, 45, 56. 

Almodovar del Rio, Duque del (Span, minister) : aid from, acknowledged, 1, x6. 

Almodovar, Pedro de Gongora y Lujan, Duque del (Span, writer) : his nom de 
plume, 53, 345. See Books: Malo de Luque. 

Almonte de Verastegui, Pedro de (Span, officer) : accompanies Cambojan exped., 10, 
229; collects pay-checks, 36, 176, 180, 189; commands ship, 37, 313, 29, 32, 151, 
31, 1x3; gov. of Zamboanga, 38, 62; exped. against J0I6, 38, 52, 55, 39, 143, 144, 
I 53~ z 55i x 5 8 » z 6 z t l6 5> x 73> x 9*» 4<>, 180, 41, 28, 285, 44, 70; against hostile tribes 
in Mindanao, 39, 158, 163-166, 35, 98, 103 ; commands armada, 35, 255 ; appointed 
master-of-camp, 37, 184, 301, 38, 57; other information, 39, 134, x6x, 166, 35, 
255, 260, 36, 48, 37, 183, 203. 

Almoynia, Victorio de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x5. 

Alms — 

In general: scarcity of, 6, 3x7; inspected by abp., 31, 76; friars accused of ex- 
torting, 10, 76, 31, 59; begged by Span, in Manila, 1, 67, 68; begged by disgraced 
oidor, 44, x6o; to be given only to needy poor, 4, 82; Theatires forbidden to so- 
licit, 19, 64; charitable agencies, 38, 128, 129, 188; Dora, refuse to accept from 
heathen, 30, 220; Dom. ask for leave to accept, 37, 116; refused to immoral per- 
tons, 47, 39; money (direct alms, bequests, and endowments), 6, 261, 7, 15, x6, 
3^, 33, 8, 248, 9, 106, 107, II, 82, 33, 14, 34, 45, 36, 296, 299, 38, X29, 139, 
SO, 139, 3a, 27, 40, 99, 101, 36, X2X, X24, 45, «8, 249, *59, 26 *» 47 ' ^ x 44, H5» 



34 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Alms 

Alms (continued) — 

53, 311; fowls, 6, 3x9, 320, 7, 267, 8, 248, 249, 10, 250, 11, 82, 14, 262, 34, 206, 

35, 283, 47, 137, 167, 224, 226, 227, 50, 146; encom. (or trib.) of natives, 7, 267, 
IO, 253, 18, M, 283, 285-287, JO, 243, 36, 299-30X, 38, 83, 139, 45, "9, 208, 252; 
clothing, 8, 248, 14, 211, 35, 283, 44, 74, 47, 39, 6x, 2x2; blankets, 30, 238, 30, 
220, 47, 137; cattle-farms, IO, 250, 31, 56, 35, 288; lands, 13, 197, 45, 118, 208; 
grain-crop, 13, 36; boletas for gall., 18, 23, 292, 50, 106 (see also Com.); in 
form of pay-warrants, 36, 21, 28; food, 28 (see also Provisions) ; school supplies, 
46, 292. 

How obtained: from Span, kings and roy. treas., 4, 82, 105, 109, 6, 3x7, 3x9, 7, 
*5, *6, 32, 33, 267, 8, 144, X45, 9, 105-107, 10, 249-253, II, 82, 257-259, 18, 7*, 
283, 285-287, 30, 67, 243, 33, 178, 34, 59, 35, XOX-X03, 36, 299-301, 38, 139, 140, 
30, 139, 35, 283, 36, 141, 142, 38, 85, 45, «8, 1x9, 208, 209, 252, 256, 257, 47» 
X39, 50, X41, 262, 278 (asked for, 9, X05, X38, X39, 10, 252, 11, 257, 258, 13, *5»- 
255, 14, 2x3, 18, 283, 30, 244, 34, 282, 35, 305, 36, 47, 121-124, 45, "8) ; from 
bulls of Crusade, 10, 257, 11, xo6, 18, 262, 47, 2x8; from Span, citizens, 8, 117, 
13, 194, 196, 13, 67, 16, 171, 30, 24X, 243, 31, X54, 131, 266, 270, 294, 33, xo8, 
33, 207, 36, 23, 38, 82, 1x9, 120, 127, »39, X4°, *7*> 3<>, 138, X39, 143, 220, 33, 27, 
74, 36, xx2, 12X-124, 37, 295, 43, 2x7, 44, 160, 281, 45, «6, 188, X99, 202, 208- 
2x1, 252, 253, 259-261, 265, 47, 165, 175, 199, 202, 203, 209, 2x3, (individuals, 8, 
145, 13, 197, 13, 36, *8, 93, 30, 138, 255, 31, 193, 194, 45, «8, X22; see also Es- 
tates: bequests) ; Misericordia, etc, 13, 38, 14, 211, 30, 242, 38, 127, 129, 47, 24, 

36, 37, 39, 49, 61, 67, 68, 73, 75, 76, 81-85; relig. persons, 18, 330, 33, xo8, 226, 
33, 278, 34, 34, 37, 342, 343, 38, X03, X19, 188, 264, 31, 47, 54-59, 231, 274, 3a, 
40, 45, 37, 123, i35» *53, 38, x8, 137, 44, 74, 45, 188, 202, 46, 292, 47, 202, 203; 
from natives, 16, 152, 30, x88, 35, 60, 37, xo6, 40, 166, 50, 262 (heathen, 9, 164; 
converts, 30, 3x3, 44, 31) ; Chin, convert, 30, 233; from sailors, 36, 296. 

Ho<w used: for churches, services, etc., 9, 107, 18, 76, 30, 240, 242, 31, 39, 38, 
129, 30, 233, 3a, 91, 34, 354, 47, 39, 220; cathedral dependent on, 30, 79; asked 
for Ind. ep. Fil. church, 45, 237; offered to Virgin and saints, 17, 263, 33, 243; 
given to relig. orders and eccles. persons, 4, 87, 6, 3x7, 3x9, 9, 106, 13, 194, JO, 
67, 36, 28, 38, 129, 4^, 217, 44, 281, 282, 47, 139, 212, 50, 89, 141, 146, 262; 
Aug., 9, 105, xo6, 33, x6x, 33, 207 (offer to do without more, 8, 53) ; Poor Clares, 
36, 20-23, 28, 39, X07; Dom., 30, 138, 139, *43, 255, 31, 47, *93, *94, 3*, 27; 
Fran., 35, 283, 37, 265; Jes., 11, 257-259, 13, 196, X97, 226, 13, 36, 67, 18, 76, 
38, 82, 86, 38, 85; Rec, 31, 13X, 154, 266, 270, 294, 36, 121, X22, 124, 141, 142; 
Ord. St J. of G., 38, 206; Brothers of Rosary, JO, 241; beaterios (maintained 
thus), 38, 82, 36, xi2, 45, 259-261; support or erection of monasteries, 7, 32, 17, 
164, 2x2, 31, 131, 270, 294, 34, 1x5, 38, 306, 3«, 94, 35, 280, 283, 284; to hos- 
pitals, 7, 32, 8, 144, 145, 248, 302, 9, 88, 10, 37, 250, 11, 82, 84, 14, 165, 209, 
262, 36, 96, 296, 299-301, 38, 143, 176, 188, 30, 220, 221, 35, 287, 288, 47, 137, 
167, 202, 203, 224, 226, 50, 278; to Misericordia, 9, 139, 14, 2x3, JO, 241, 38, 
125, 47, 41, 42, 58; to Santa Potenciana, 9, 138, 10, 251, 252, 18, 285-287, JO, 
243, 38, X03, 45, 256, 257; coll. S. Tomas, founded by, JO, 243; bequests to id., 
45, 249, 263; coll. S. Jos6, by royal grants, 118, 1x9; Jes. coll. at Ot6n by private 
alms, 38, 93; S. Juan de Letran (seminary), aided by, 139, 140, 45, 208-2x4, 252; 
seminary of S. Clemente, 38, 1x9, 120, 45, x88, 199, 202; charity school at Manila, 
253; to missionaries, 18, 76, 38, 103, 38, 85, 43, 139; Jap. converts, 34, 276, 38, 
85; poor students, 45, xx6, 122 (coll. fellowships) ; orphan boys, 33, 108; dowries 
for orphan girls, JO, 241, 47, 39 (see also Obras pias) ; widows, 29 ; poor persons, 



Alvarez] INDEX 35 

4, Sa, 29, 173, 44, 33, 45, "9, 47, 39, 55 J soldiers, 4, 84, 7, 3*, 18, 7*, 337, 
43, 281, 47, 39; lepers, 34, *o6, 215, 35, 3x0, 47, 137, ***; natives, 30, 261, 3*, 
62, 44, 74. 

See also Decrees; Encomiendas ; Grants; Manila: Misericordia, and hospitals; 
Obrms }uu. 

Alms-boxes: placed in churches, 10, 76. 

Along; Francisco: hanged, 38, 21a 

Alongala: 17, 7a See Alangalang; 

Alonso, Cenon (Span, official) : order's index made of Munoz's library, 53, 3a 

Alonso, Juan (admiral) : ranch burned, 29, 252. 

Alqnica, Juan de (capt): arrives in Manila, 37, 229; serves Salcedo, 275. 

Alrade: Igorot vilL, 20, 276. 

Alreybar, Nicolas de, O.S.A.: elected visitor, 34, 78. 

Alsara, Jose" (capt.): arrives at Manila, 37, 229. 

Altamirano, Diego, S.J.: procurator, 38, 85. 

Altamirano: 39, 292. See Cervantes. 

Altamirano, Jacinto, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 7a 

Altamirano, Pedro Ygnacio, S.J.: procurator-gen. at Madrid, 47, 248, 249, 48, 3a 

Altaraque, Juan Bantista (Rec) : master of novitiates, 21, 252. 

Altasanes: name incorrectly given to non-Christian tribe, 52, 351. 

Akra, — (Capt): accompanies J. Ronquillo, 10, 59. 

Alubijid: ceded to Jes., 28, 343; status (1878), 344. 

Alupay: Dom. petition for, 41, 258. 

Alva, Duke of (1625) : recommends Ossorio, 22, 34. 

Alva, Duque de (1766): hostile to Jes., 50, 284, 285. 

Alva (Alba), Juan de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 23, 188-190, 218. 

Alvarado, — : Cortes despatches on expedition (1536), 3, 127. 

Alvarado, Alonso de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 2, 59, 6, 115, 23, 202. 

Alvarado, Jeronimo de, O.S.A.: accompanies fleet, 24, 86. 

Alvarado, Juan de (royal fiscal) : official relations, 19, 79, 80, 88, 20, 185, 204; char- 
acter and residencia, 193, 199, 200, 204-206. 

Alvarado, Manuel (capt) : arrives at Manila, 42, 171. 

Alvarado, Matias de: accompanies Villalobos, 2, 59, 60. 

Alvarado, Pedro de (Span, conquistador): letter to Felipe II, 2, 48-50; contract 
with Mendoza, 49, 54, 56; sketch, 48. 

Alvarado Bracamonte, Juan de (roy. fiscal): deposition, 18, 284; official acts, 241, 
243, 32, 193; praised by Fajardo, 266, 267; complaints against, 19, 176, 177; usurps 
office, 22, 164, 165; arrest and trial, 19, 136-138; residencia, 20, 6a 

Alvares Cabral, Pedro (early explorer) : visits Brazil, 33, 294. 

Alvarez, Antonio, (early colonist) : encomienda assigned to, 34, 309 ; made regidor, 

4, 9*. 
Alvarez, Bernardo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 115. 
Alvarez, Daniel (chief gunner) : deposition, 26, 109-11 x. 
Alvarez, Diego de, O.S.A.: chosen provincial, 23, 19, 275, 276, 292; official acts, 6, 

229, 8, 2x5, 2x7, 23, 292; sketch, 8, 217, 23, 275. 
Alvarez, Fernand (Hernand) : royal treas., 1, 225; royal sec., 3, 123. 
Alvarez, Francisco, O.S.A.: life and labors, 48, 103, xxx. 
Alvarez, Francisco (capt): arrives at Manila, 42, 226; encounters with Moros, 

41, 3X5. 
Alvarez, Gabriel, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 246, 249. 



36 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Alvarez 

Alvarez (Albares), Gaspar (sec): official acta, 18, 240, 243, 286, 19, 84; purchase! 
office, 14, 160; favored by Silva, 19, 158. 

Alvarez, Luis, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x3. 

Alvarez, Manuel: intercepts letter, 49, 301. 

Alvarez, Pedro (capt. and govt sec) : envoy to Spain, 19, 77; official acts, 20, 303, 
31, 91, 93, 94; petitions Aud., 19, 83; arrested by Fajardo, 84, 125; released, 125, 
126, 154; controversy with gov., 84, 85, 154-158; adherent of Mesa, 20, 61, 137; 
appointed corregidor, 33, 229; dies, 33, 39. 

Alvarez, Rodrigo (capt): regidor of Manila, 5, 83; signs petition, 6, 240, 246; re- 
ward ordered for, 7, 15a 

Alvarez, Sebastian (Port factor) : letter to Manoel, cited, I, 254. 

Alvarez de Abreu, Antonio (member of Council of Indias) : complies Extracto /tu- 
torial, 44, 225, 228, 45, 57, 61; opinion regarding Manila trade, 57. See also 
under Books. 

Alvarez de Abreu, Pedro (capt) : commands at Tidore, 16, 50; sails with Acufia, 
308; captured, 18, 143. 

Alvarez (Albaros) Botello, Mufio (Nun), (Port gov. of Malacca) : campaigns against 
Malays and Dutch, 33, 68, 69, 33, 89-91, 97, 98 ; death, 91, 97, 98. 

Alvarez de Castro, Antonio (oidor of Manila) : app. judge in suit, 37, 36b; takes part 
in funeral service, 36, 28; member of Misericordia, 47, 27. 

Alvarez Furtado, Alfonso (Port official): official acts, 2, 248-250, 257, 272, 284, 285, 

*95» *99. 310. 

Alvarez Guerra, Jose": owns Philippina, 53, 35. 

Alvarez Pereira, Pedro: royal summons sent to, 7, 264. 

Alvarez y Tejero. Luis Prudcncio (ex -member of Manila Aud.): elected deputy to 
Cortes, 51, 296, 297. 

Alvarez de Toledo, Fernando (duke of Alva) : his services, 34, 404; sketch, 404. 

Alzaga: 48, 61. See Arziaga. 

Alzaga, Antolin de, O.S.A.: petitions for banishment of Chin, infidels, 4a, 254. 

Alzaga Voitia, Francisco de (alc-raay.) : defends lawsuit, 43, 265. 

Alzega (Alcega), Juan de (Span, officer): reward commanded for (1589), 7, 150; 
investigates (1591) use of Chin, stuffs by Pampangans, 8, 78, 79, 83, 84, 90, 95; 
ordered to attack Jap., 10, 211; unpunished for frauds in lading galleon, 11, 255, 
256; appointed Morga's admiral (z6oo), 1 1, 157, 254, 310, 15, 2x7; ships com- 
manded, 11, 175, 244, 13, 117; disobeys his instructions, in battle with Dutch, and 
deserts Morga, II, 145*148, 160, 163, 173, 177, 178, 182, 183, 194, 232, 246, 254, 
255, 3x0, 15, 222, 226, 230; controversy with Morga, 11, 254-256, 3x0, 3x1; arrested 
and sued, 165, 166, 173, 255, 3x0; in Chin, insurrection (1603), 14, 123, 124, 16, 
36, 37; killed by Chin., 14, 138, 16, 38; traits, 11, 254. 

Alzega, Juan de: deputy of Misericordia, 47, 26. 

Amaban: vill. in Timur, 34, 165. 

Amacatan (vill.) : assigned to Flores, 34, 305. 

Amacusa (Japan) : persecution of Christians in, 33, 3x3. 

Amadeo of Savoy (king of Spain) : decree, cited, 46, 143. 

Amado: 5, 207. See Pacheco Amado. 

Amado, Ramon Ruiz: cited, 48, 198. 

Amador, — , O.P.: forms new regulations for Santo Tomta college, 45, 157. 

Amaghicon (Fil. chief of Cuyo Is.) : arrested for conspiracy against Span., 7, xxx. 
See also Sumaelob who is evidently meant bere. 



Ambassadors] index 37 

Amaghicon (Omaghicon), (FiL chief of Navotas) : conspires against Span., 7, 99-101; 
punished with death, 108, 109. 

Amaguas: captured by Span., 4, aoz. 

Amandao, Francisco (chief of Taytay) : converted, 13, 275. 

Amanicaldo, Luis (Tag. chief) : appeals to bishop for protection, 5, 189-191 ; con- 
spires against Span., 7, 100-103; punishment, 108. 

Amanuenses (native) : ignorance and mistakes, 47, 199, 201, 229. 

Amaral, F. D. de: 3, 275. See Diaz de Amaral. 

Amarlangagui (chief of Baibai and master of artillery) : reveals plot, 7, 98. 

Amarlangagui (chief of Tondo) : sentenced for conspiracy, 7, no. 

Amarlangagui, Phelipe (chief of Catangalan) : conspires, 7, 100, zox ; punished, 106. 

Amat (Bornean youth) : envoy to Borneo, 4, 2x2, 2x3. 

Amaya, Francisco (adj.) : ambassador to Pangasinin, 38, 159. 

Ambagan (vill. in Caraga) : religions in, 31, 2x9, 220, 301. 

Ambagan, Cristobal: hanged, 38, 2x0. 

Amba Rajahs: Moro officers, 50, 33. 

Ambassadors, Embassies, and Envoys: carry credentials, 9, 56; convey letters, 4, 
157, 181, 48, 148 ; slain by Malays, 4, 125, 170, 182, x88, 232, 41, 301 ; power as, 
requested, 3, 206; ignored by Jap. ruler, 21, 85, 86; Jap. suspicious regarding, 9, 
28; under control of gov., 17, 3x7; cost, 37, 141, 47, 232; serve at their own ex- 
pense, 37, hi; religious as, 3, 5*, 4, 3x6, 7, 9, IS. 8, x8, **5, 9, *4* ^-38, 5*, ", 
17, X98, 13, 282, 31, 93, 37, 19*, 41, Sox, 3x7, 46, 3*5, 48, 14*. 49, *S*> *53» **o. 
American, at J0I6, 43, 147. Bornean, to Manila, 4, 194, 196, 2x2, 2x3 (1579), 41, 
190 (1682), 3x6, 4a, 183, 184 (1679). British, at Madrid (1767), 49, 3x0, 3x1; at 
Manila (1762), 152, 153, 236, 280, 299. Cambojan, to Manila, 37, 1x4; in 1593, 
9, 7*t 77, *6, 17, 287 (iS94), 9, «97, *6, 254, 255 (x595), 9, x6x-x8o, 31, 7*, 7* 
(1596), 15, 68, 268 (1598), 31, «x (X599), *o, 228 (1603), 15, *79, 31, X75, X76; 
to Siaxn (1603), 15, 78; to Cochin-China, seized, 152. Cochinchinese, to Ltfb, 143. 
Chinese, to Manila, in 1602, 31, 183 (1603), 15, 272-276 (1605), 16, 298 (1662-63), 
36, 2x8, 227, 247, 249, 260 (the pirate Kuesing, in 1661-62, 37, 119, 41, 86, 184, 
43, 311, 47, 69); to Formosa (1627-28), 33, 199, 200, 2x6; to Japan, 9, 125. 
Dutch to Manila, 47, 230-232 (1744) ; to Japan, 15, 1x9, 32, 3x4 (1626). For- 
mosan, to Japan (1628-29), asking help, 33, 3x7. Filipino, to Spaniards, 3, 
93. 9*, 97, 33, X71, 30, 3xx; to Borneo, for Sande, 4, 125, 149, 157, 158, x6x; to 
spread a conspiracy, 7, 97, 102; Visayan, to Mindanao, 1 1, 137, 138; Katipunan 
envoy sent to Rizal, 5a, 187. Japanese, to Rome and Madrid (16x3), 16, 30, 5a, 
335; to Manila (159X-92), S, x8, 197, 252-259, 261, 262, 320 (1593), 9, 23-29, 32, 34, 
38-40, 44 (1594), X23-125, X27, 133, 134 (1600), 15, 204 (1602), 251-253, 16, 278, 
34, 172, 230, 243. Joloan, to Manila, 53, 39; in 1627-28, 33, 205, 206 (1658), 41, 
3x9 (1725), 46, 37 (1762), 49, 182, 185; to Batavia, 41, 295. Malanaos to Atien- 
za, 35, 100. Mindanao*, to or for Span, invaders, 4, 241, 274, 285, 293, 37, 296, 
297; to Manila, 34, 298 (1574), 33, "7 (1626), 2x0, 211 (1627), 49, 186 (1762). 
Mongol-Kublai Khan to European rulers, 4, 56. Moro, to Batavia (1645), 41, 
297; at Manila, in X570, 3, 93-9* (X655), 41, 300, 301; X738 (?), 40, 3x4 (x7^), 
49, 182, 185. Portuguese, to Spain, in early negotiations regarding demarcation, 
1, 115, xx6, 145, 146, 154-158, 2x9, 223, 3, 128; to Achen, 39, 198; to Borneo, 4, 
222, 224; to Champa, 10, 238, 242; to Japan, 8, 260, 33, 120 (Macao) to Si am, 
34, 207; to Manila, in X602, 13, 35-37, 41, 43, 16, 282 (1631), 34, 172 (1641), 35, 
114 (1653), 44, 99 (1671), 43, X33. Sanguils, to Manila, 39, 2x8. Siamese, to 



38 the Philippine islands [Ambassadors 

Ambassadors, Embassies, and Envoys (continued) — 
Portugal (1683), 4*, 2x6; to Manila, in 1594, 9, 198 (1595)1 *7. **7 (*597), *5, 
153 (1658), 37, 216 (1668), 47 (ill-treated by Bonifaz, 1683), 43, 214 (1718), 
44, 152. Siaos, to Manila, 44, 98 (1653), 42, 121, 122 (1670). Sumatrans, 
Jacatra to Macasar (1670), 38, 7a Ternatans, to Portugal, 16, 242; to Manila 
(1625), 22, 131; to Dapitans, 40, 113. Tidorans, to Manila, 16, 276, 277, 24, 
333. Spanish, to Banta (1664), 37, 235; to Basilan (1637), 37, 398; to Batavia, 
43, 30a (1690), 47, «35; to Borneo, 33, 353 (1521), 34, 297 (i574>, 4, 155, *57, 
182-185, 213 (1578), 7, 134 (1589), 4«, 184 (1680) ; to British (1762), 49, «o; to 
Camboja, 9, 76-78 (1593), 86, 16, 265, 33, 5*, *7, x 4*» 31, 93, 150 (1598), 35, 
261 (1647), 37, 235; to China, 33, 236-239 (1575), 6, 85, 87 (1576), 34, $*h 
362 (1582-83), 8, 304, 16, 264, 31, 75, 76 (1593), 9, 203-206 (x595), 15, 162, '63 
(X598), 37, 152 (1601), 16, 296-298, 31, 189 (1603), 33, 87 (1618), 33, 200, 201 
(1627-28), 33, 263 (1629), 3«, 26, 185-189, 225 (1630), 4a, xx8 (1669), 13, 198, 
37, 141; to Cochinchina, 33, 53, 9«» 31, 991 to England, 49, 3*9 (1763), 321; 
to India, 18, 161 ; to Japan, 8, 258, 261, 265, 9, 26-38, 55, 327, 37, 141, 30, 121, 
269, 31, 75, 148 (in 1592), 8, 233, 9, 5*, 57, "3, 125, 127, 133, 140 (1593), *5, 
119, 201 (1596), 10, 171, 15, 126-128 (1597), **, 275 (1600?), 30, 259, 31, 85, 
86, 34, 171 (1622-23), 33, 68, 126 (1625), 33, 54, 63-67 (1628); to J0I6, 4, 296, 
48, 148, 50, xi, 44; to Lao (1597), 15, 145; to Macassar (1643), 35, 182; to 
Malacca, 13, 198 ; to Mindanao tribes, 4, 245, 269, 291-294, 13, 279, 31, 164, 33, 
208, 209, 41, 28, 299-30X, 44, 99 (1655) ; to Moluccas (1582), 4, 3x2; to various 
Moro rulers, I, 324, 33 t 137, 175 (1521), 4, 267, 33, 149 (1565), *9, *45, 41, 301, 
47, 243, 244, 247; to Portugal (in early negotiations regarding demarcation), 1, 
xox, xxo, xx2, 146, 158, 2x4, 2x9, 308 (their credentials and instructions, 95, 11 5-120, 
139-144, 342) ; to Port at Macau, 34, 36x, 362 (1582-83), 16, 44 (1603), 37, 309 
(X636), 35, 180-182 (1643-44), 37, *92 (1654?), 4«, 195, 198 (x68o); to Rome, 
50, 272, 278; to Siam, 9, 77 (1593), 10, 268, 269 (Tello, X598), 11, 286, 15, 244 
(both Mendoza's, 1598), 33, 140, 141, 188, 189 (1626), 306, 17, 320 (1628-29), 
44, 152, 53, 352 (17x8), 37, 141; to Tunquin, 141. Manila, to surrounding 
peoples, 6, 196; to Madrid court, 15, 58 (1580), 6, 157, 158, 231-233, 15, 63, 64 
(1586), 9, X4X (1594); to Rome, 8, 234, 235, 15, 64 (1586), Aug., to Spain, n, 
308, 13, 119, 137, 140, 141; Dom. to Madrid, 33, 27; Rec to Rome, 31, 112, 153, 
290; Oriental schismatics, 184. 

Ambayaban (Fil. chief) : converted, 31, 261. 

Ambayao: natives form reduction, 43, 62. 

Amber: where obtained, 37, 96, 38, 98, 36, 201, 41, 295, 296; origin, 295; abundant, 
43, 183; used by Mor., 3, 68; article of trade, 8, 275, 16, 184, 228, 17, 129, 41, 
295; exported from Phil. Is., 44, 302; in Acapulco trade, 37, 198; in Chinese 
trade, 35, 49; false, in Paragua, 49, 31; essence of, used in chocolate, 47, 274. 

Ambergris: its nature, 41, 295; gathered by natives, 16, 105; an article of trade, 
105, 37, 47; used as perfume, 41, 295; as a remedy, 44, 48. 

Amblaca (vill.) : assigned to royal crown, 3, 305. 

Amblan: curacy of, 38, 32a 

Amblang (vill. in Negros) : pop. (1878), 38, 321. 

Ambongan (dist in Mindanao) : conversion at, 31, 224, 225. 

Ambuenos: in Cebu, 30, 233, 234. See Islands: Amboina. 

"Ambut": pen-name of Hugo Salazar (g. v.), 48, 27. 

Amechezurra, Simon de (capt) : steward of Misericordia, 47, 77. 

Amendafia: 19, 196. See Mendana, Alvaro de. 



Ampeuro] INDEX 39 

America (New World): discovery, I, 23, 308; early belief rdg., 6, 141; extent, 52, 
123; kingdoms in Span., 1, 49; native pop., 38, 234; character of natives, 1, 98, 99, 
107; negroes in, 19; divided betw. Spain and Port, 15, 42; conquered by Span., 
*5» 37» a&> 335, 35, 319; Span, settlements in, 36, 265; old civilization destroyed, 
51, 83; peoples from, in Manila, 44, 29; silver exported from (see Minerals and 
Mining) ; Legazpi's exped. organized in, 1, 32 ; criminals sent to, 53, 31, 43 ; Eng. 
foster agric in, 51, 264; plants carried to Phil, from (see Plants and trees) ; early 
Span, authority in, 53, 326; in whom sovereignty resides, 50, 148; revolutions in, 
causes, 53, 122 ; fostered by curas and lawyers, 106 ; causes of modern growth and 
progress in, 123; A. will welcome Oriental trade, 49, 27; hope of conversion in, 
It 99> io 7 J **!• efforts in fruitful, 8, 234; first Aug. sent to, 34, 32, 423 ; first literary 
work composed in, 43, 12a See also Colonies; Commerce; Demarcation; Dutch; 
English; Encomiendas; Expeditions; Mexico; Minerals and mining; Missions; 
Noeva Espana; Peru; United States. 

America, Central: effects of Span, colon, in, 1, 36. 

America, North: disc and exploration, 1, 3x0, 3x1; effects of Eng. colon, in, 36. 

America, South: Tierra Firme in, 3, 123, 4, 106; is near coast of, 3, 123; mines 
in, a©, 289; effects of Span, colon, in, I, 36; Span, colonies in, 19, 14 (see the 
various colonies) ; trade with Orient retarded, 1, 62 ; markets of, reserved for 
Spain, 67; trade with Phil., 17, 30; progress retarded, I, 67. 

American Oriental Society: 53, 47, 48. 

American Peace Commission: hearings before, 53, 142. 

Americans (Span.) : in Legazpi's exped., 1, 32; officers in Phil, army, 49, 124, 51, 17, 
46, 47, 183; jealous of Span., 51, 12, 13, 47; plot conspiracy, and are exiled to 
Spain, 47 ; imbued with free-thought, 289 ; in Cortes, contest election measures, 283. 

Americans (of Unit. States) : develop Span, colonies, 5 J, 123 ; possessions in Orient, 
39, 97; invade Phil. Is., 51, 37; capture Manila, 17, 3x2, J 8, 366; support insur- 

■ rection, 46, 344; burn Malabon school, 363; occupy islands, 43, 8x, 82, 45, 234; 
establish their authority there, 1, 13, 33, 128, 38, 365; unwilling submission of 
FiL to, 1, 20; nurse Phil, industries, 53, 113; build highways, 39, 162; educational 
enterprises, 37, 171, 45, 134, 242, 303, 317, 3x8; as teachers, 283; educ problem 
in Phil, 135; ethnol. work, 53, 350; race problem before, in Phil., 1, 13, 19-21; 
relations with Span., 35, 53, 97; in Phil., should conform to Catholicism, 28, 365; 
destroy doc in Phil., 53, 13. 

Ameril Mahomenin Campsa: king of Tamontaca, 47, 247, 248. 

Amesquita, — (alferez) : military services, 37, 266, 267, 280; miraculously cured, 294, 

295. 
Amezquita, Luis Lopez de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 163, 164, 253. 
Amiagao (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 135, 136. 
Amian, Diego: in Surigao, 35, 71. 
Amiguicon (native of Luzon) : detained in Borneo, serves its king, 4, 183, 184; 

pardoned by Sande, 185. 
Amindan: encomienda near, 34, 305. 
Amir (sultan of J0I6) : prisoner at Manila, restored to his throne by Brit, 43, 174-178. 

See Ali-Mudin. 
Amd: Rec convent in, 31, 257. 

Amorena, Sebastian de (gov. of Zamboanga) : warned of revolt, 44, 165. 
Amorin, Jhoan de, O.S.A.: his misdeeds, 13, 25, 302. 
Amoy (Emui), (port in China): 43, 169, 48, 78, 51, 157. 
Ampeuro, Tomas de: Mendana kills, 15, 112. 



40 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Ampi 

Ampi, Antonio (Mindanao chief) : promotes Christianity, 44, 91; captured by Mor., 

41, 303. 

Amsterdam (Nostradama) : 14, 59 J famous printers in, 4a, 244. 

Amtadao: pays tribute, 37, 348. 

Amuck, running: punished with death by Dutch, 48, iai. 

Amulets. See Charms. 

Amulong: Dom. visita, 38, 159, 43, 8a 

Amuril (Mindanao chief) : petitions for Spanish aid, 46, 45. 

Amuxa, Cachil (Moro chief): 16, 314; envoy to Acufia, 16, 57. 

Ana (queen of Spain) : an, 37. 

Ana de Austria: vision of, 18, 88. 

Ana (Vis. convert) : baptism and death, 13, 166, 167. 

Anacaparan (Nancaparan) : usurps throne of Camboja, 10, 226, 15, 83, 147, 19, 195, 
31, 89, 90; his residence, 93; sends envoy to Lao, 15, 144; treacherously plots 
against Span., 10, 227, 15, 84, 141, 31, 90, 93; his forces, 89; slain by Span., 

15, 84-87, *37. 14*, *47, 31, 96, 99, «*• 

Anam: Champa part of, 9, 198. 

Anarchy: feared in Manila, 5 J, 2a 

Anas: Bagobo convert, 43, 239. 

Anas, Pedro (Fil. chief) : statement regarding insurgetns, 38, 2x2. 

Anaya, Diego de: falls sick, 4, 28a 

Anaya, Juan de, O.P.: biography, 31, 288, 291, 292. 

Anaya Maldonado, Diego de (Span, bp.) : founds college for poor students, 48, 198. 

Anazibu: now Nasugbu (9. v.), 15, 230. 

Anbon: 4, 226. See Islands: Amboina. 

Anda (vill. in Zambales) : status (1878), a8, 305. 

Anda t Salazar, Simon db (oidor and afterward gov. of islands) — 

In general: his relations with Abp. Rojo, 49, 140-144, x68, 169, 176, 191-193, 245, 
354, 359, 280, 287, 50, 17a, 51, 3x1; with other royal officials, 49, *9i» *5*» 2 73, 
50, 37; with religious orders, 28, 228, 230, 49, 167, x68, 221, 264, 2$8, 306, 50, 10, 
39, 40, 152, 301; with abp. Santa Justa, 51, 3x2, 3x3. 

As patriot leader: appointed visitor-gen. of provinces, and lieut-gov. of islands, 
49, 132, 136, 138, 153, 154; his commission, 136, 166, 209-2x1, 27X, 296; leaves 
Manila, for provinces, 2x1, 224, 230, 291 ; acts as governor, 133, 136, 150, 224, 244, 

269, 296, 297, 3x4; his right to that office, 21, 136, 151, 172, 278; sole representative 
of Aud., 133, 136; expenses of his administration, 258, 50, 38; forms an army, 49, 
65, 223, 264, 265, 3x4; character and condition of his forces, 138, x66, 167, 228; has 
little money, 138; aided by provinces, 53, 97; military successes, 48, 2x6; quells 
insurrections, 49, 19, 161, 262-264; pardons insurgents, 243, 301-305; attempt of 
traitors to kill, 22, 272; hostilities with Brit, 40, 251, 49, 136-138, 142, 167-170, 53, 
55; refuses to use passport from Brit, 49, 139, 140, 151, 227; proscribed by Brit, 
49, «, 140, X44, X49, 155, 159, 165, X67, 225, 273, 274, 28x, 291, 299; proscribes 
Brit officer, 166; Brit accusations against him, 164, i66 t 167, 169; edicts and orders 
by, 140, X44, 145, 147, 148 (regarding Chin.), 169, 170, 173, 244; economic meas- 
ures and social regulations, 262-267; appointments, 302; miscellaneous information, 
87, 142, 147, 166, 175, 230, 231, 259, 266, 280, 283; takes possession of Manila (May 
31, 1764), 49, 175; surrenders command to Torre, 299, 50, 23; his services, 49, 

270, 279, 282-284; approved and rewarded by king, 271, 308, 50, 34; returns to 
Spain (1767), 1x9; knowledge of conditions in Phil., 123; member of Council of 
Castilla, 141. 



Angel] INDEX 41 

As governor 1 returns to Phil. (1770) as proprietary gov., 50, 10, 34; fortifies 
Manila, 37; prosecutes Ra6n, 34, 46, 296; keeps Mor. in check, 38, 43; action in 
eccl. matters, 16, 154, 50, 42, 43, 51, 3x3; economic measures, 48, 300, 309, 50, 
48; orders that native officials use Span, language, 46, 333; other incidents, 50, 
23, 44, 46, 127, 320; maligned at Madrid, is condemned and fined, 20, 46, 302; 
death, ix; sketch, 17, 297, 298, 49, 132, 211, 50, 46, 47; traits of character, 49, 
12, aa, 228, 282, 50, 128, 153, 189, X90; his actions criticised, 49, 229, 50, 154. 
Letters by, to Carlos HI (1764, X773), 49, 20, 21, 262-287, 296-308, 34*, 50, 46; 
to Rojo (1762-63), 49i X32-X40, 153-160, 274; to Brit officers (1763-64), 164-166, 
170-175; to others, 145-147, 149-152, 244, 50, 189, 190; in Retana's hands, 297; 
facsimile of handwriting, 285. Letters and edicts of Brit, 166-169, 1749 

X75, 34*- 

Anda, Juan Francisco (oidor, nephew of Simon) : placed in charge of Jes. estates, 
50, 30a. 

Andalusia ( Andalucia, prov. in Spain) : distance from Africa, 4, 65 ; patron saint, 
31, 183; miss's go from, 24, 122, 126, 128 (see Missions) ; commerce, 44, 231, in- 
creased by Moriscos, 45, 78; their expulsion, 33, 30, 40; silk produced in, 11, xxo; 
decline of silk industry, 44, 294, 295 ; industries and commerce affected by Manila- 
Acapulco trade, 253-3x2, 45, 29-88; causes of declining prosperity, 44, 297-299. 
See also Cadiz; Granada; Sevilla; and Commerce: Spain, and Manila-Acapulco 
trade. 

Andaya, Bernardo de: sargento-mayor, 30, 191. 

Andaya, Jos6 de: bishop of Oviedo, 53, 105. 

Andaya: 39, X84, 191, 41, 33, 34- See Endaya. 

Anderson, William: cited, 18, 222. 

Andrada, Jos* de, O.S.A. (Port) : obtains transfer from India to Phil., 4 J, 202, 203. 

Andrada, 39, 185. See Aponte, and Mercado. 

Andrada, Lope de, S. J.: retires from Cambodia, 39, 38. 

Andrade, Tomas de, S. J.: sketch, 39, 197. 

Andrade, Ygnacio (gov. of Zamboanga) : sends letter to Anda, and gift to Rojo, 49, 
284, 287. 

Andrea (Andres), a Greek (calker in fleet of Magalhies) : marries Cebuan woman, 
3, X4X, 33, X85. 

Andrea, Bartoloml: encomienda assigned to, 34, 306. 

Andreas, Joannes: cited, 8, 202. 

Andres, — , O.S.F.: desired in Japan, 9, 29. 

Andres, — , O.P.: chaplain with Acufia (x6o6), 31* 247, 248, 251. 

Andres, Baltasar, O.S.A. : despatched to Spain, 34, xoi. 

Andresillo: servant of San Vicente, 31, 239. 

Andrew, Master (Eng.) : death, 33, 321. 

Andueza, Baithasar, O.P. : arrives at Manila, 43, 9a 

Andug (Vis. chief) : baptized, 13, 136. 

Anfion: name for opium (q. v., under Drugs and Medicines), 16, 303. 

Angamala (India) : bishopric, 17, 264. 

Angat (vill. in Bulacan) : coal deposits in, 53, 3x7; administered by Aug., 38, 130, 
X65, 4a, 193. X94. 

Angel, Francisco, S. J.: life and labors, 37, 256, 257, 299, 326, 39, 141-144, 149, 36, 
57, 44, 62, 9a 

Angel, Rodrigo, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 129. 

Angel Rodriguez, Juan, Trin. (abp. of Manila, 1731-40) : founds boys' singing school, 



42 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Angel 

Angel Rodriguez, Juan (continued) — 

45, 244; reforms in ecc practices by, 46, 57, 58; intercedes for Arroyo, 48, 137; 

death, 47, 129, 48, 138; life and character, 51, 31a 
Angeles, Andres de los, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x5. 
Angelas, Geronimo de los, S. J.: martyrdom, 33, 139. 
Angeles, Juan de los, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27; goes to Formosa, 40; to 

Batavia, 149; negotiations at Manila, 158, 159; sold, accompany to Macassar, 162; 

offices and services in his order, 37, 80, 81, xxx, 124, 134, 139, 238; commissary 

of Inquis., 4 J, 164; sketch, 35, 40; "Relation of loss of Formosa," 35, 13, 128-162, 

3*4- 
Angeles, Lucas de los, O.S.J, of G.: arrives at Manila, 47, 165. 
Angeles, Maria de los (Poor Clare) : comes to Phil., 35, 295 ; signs petition, 33, 107, 

j6, 29. 
Angeles Rueda, Juan de los, O.P.: in Japan, 31, 257, 3 J, 68, 75; sketch, 3 J, 146, 
Angels: represented by children in processions, 19, 66, 31, 134. 
Angely: excellence of its timber, 39, 85. 

Anghiera, Pietro Martire d' (Peter Martyr) : sketch, I, 308. See also Books. 
Angles, Juan, S. J.: sent to J0I6, 48, 149; letter (1749) cited, 47, 244. 
Anglion, — : executed, 14, 45. 
Anglis: 3, 196. See Sangleys. 
Angola (Dongo, Ambonde), (region in Africa): belongs to Spain, 43, xx6; negroes 

from, 38, 167. 
Angono: location, 13, 188; added to Binangonan, 4 J, 167; administered by seculars, 

38, 301; by Franciscans, 147, 168. 
Anguilo (Fil. chief) : Span, reduce, 9, 81. 
Anguio: Dom. administer, 38, 159, 174. 
Angulo, — : appointed auditor by Curuzelaegui, 39, 238. 
Anguio, Alvaro de: encomienda assigned to, 8, 134, 135, 34, 305, 3x0; acts as witness, 

4, 2x9. 
Anguio, Christobal de (Span, officer) : signs letter, 3, 181. 
Anguio, Fernando de (gen.) : envoy to Batavia, 43, 303. 
Anguio, Pedro de (capt) : in Moluccas, 6, 72. 
Anguio, Placido de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 
Augulo Tobar, Albaro de: daughter becomes beata, 37, 123. 
Anhays (anayes, anhays, avays) : appellation given by Span, (probably a corruption 

of a Chin, word) to Chin, merchants, 13, 155, 157, 16, 298, 30, 109. 
Anilao (Aanilao) : Aug. administer, 38, 150, 166. 
Animals: abound in Asiatic islands, 15, 41; eaten by serpents, 13, 259. Wild, in 

Mindanao, 31, 197 (strange kinds, 38, 283) ; in Mindoro, 41, 235; in N. Segovia, 

30, 272; peculiar to Calamianes, 31, 226. Domestic, in Mindanao, 31, 197; in 

Rombldn, 35, 86; traded at Manila, 1, 68; as beasts of burden, 15, 143, 179; 

needed in Phil., 7, 156; tithes paid in, 146; given to dead at burial, 194, 195. See 

also Birds; Invertebrates; Mammals; and Reptiles. 
Anit (vill. in Ituy) : submits to Span., 14, 22, 293 ; pop., 293. 
Aniza, Pedro de, O.P.: sketch, 37, 108. 
Anjou: produces coarse linens, 37, 170. 
Anna of Austria: marries Felipe II, 1, 353; bears son, 3, 273; gifts sent to, 277; 

sketch, 13, 126. 
Anna Maria (daughter of Felipe III) : sketch, 13, 127. 
Anquiling (vill.) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 



Anunciacion] INDEX 43 

Ansa, Pedro de, O.P.: miss'y to Japan, 37, 106, 107. 

Ansaldo, Catalina: marriage, 42, 135. 

Ansaldot family: become rich through agriculture, and return to Spain, 5 J, 41. 

Ansimo (Cagayan chief) : tolerates missionaries, 48, 133 ; visits Manila, 136. 

Ansisit (Ilokan scarcecrow) : described, 43, 3x1. 

Anson, (afterward Lord) George (Eng. naval commander) : exped. to Pacific, 17, 
296; harasses Span, fleet, 47, *3i; losses in tempest, 234, 235; feared in Mexico, 
237; captures Acapulco galleon, 48, 139, 49, 32; Draper and Cornish write to, 
46, 60-64, 347; founds town in S. Carolina, 60; sketch, 60, 6x. 

Anson Bourgh, in S. Carolina: Anson founds, 49, 6a 

Antarctic Pole: line of demarcation drawn from, 1, 109, 122-125, 131, 132, 134, 208. 

Antequera (Mexico) : silk industry in, 27, 199. 

Antipolo (vill.): location, 11, 203, 2x0; size, and dependent vill. 13, 189; hospital 
at, 11, 14, 13, 132; pestilence at, 13, 13, 71; Negrito reduction near, 182; in Chin, 
insurrection, 29, 237-242, 246, 251; Jes. in charge, II, 203-205, I J, 209, 13, 188, 
17, 201, 202, J8, 86, 87, 135, 170, 36, 54, 95. 38, 84, 39, «97, 40, 278; admin, by 
Rec, 28, 301, 343; incidents in rel. history, I J, 260, 17, 60, 29, 249, 44, 50, 51, 
96 (church burned, 17, 62, 63). See also Virgin Mary: Antipolo. 

Antique (prov. in Panay) : 23, 164; former name, H antic, 219, 261; pop., and no. 
ci tributes, 261, 262; jurisdiction, 29, 266, 51, 64, 65; emigration from, 28, 322; 
amber found on beaches of, 41, 296; Brazilian cotton introd. in, 52, 3x7; encom. 
in, 8, X35; no. of curacies in (1850), 28, 274, 277; in see of Cebd, 261, 274; no. of 
schools (1892), 46, 100. 

Antique (Antiqui, Han tic), (vill. in prov. of same name): location, 5, 71; an 
encomienda, 34, 306 (pop. in 1591, 8, 135) ; defended by natives against Mor., 48, 
48; admin, by Aug., 17, 200, 213, 2x9, 261, 28, 150, 166, 38, 2x6. 

Antiqui a, Manuel de (notary) : attests document, 48, 36. 

Antoni, Jacobo, S.J.: martyrdom, 3 J, 2x9. 

Antonieto (Genoese explorer) : navigations by, 1, 193. See Noly, A. de. 

Antonio (king of Portugal) : sketch, I, 355-356. 

Antonio (prior of Crato) : pretender to Portuguese throne, 5, 27, 14, 176; defeated, 
5, 28. 

Antonio: favorite of Cruzat, 41, 33. 

Antonio, Father (Fran, friar) : arrested by Jap., 22, 3x4. See San Francisco, A. de. 

Antonio, Father, S. J.: imprisoned by Jap., 3 J, 182. 

Antonio (Chin, convert) : accompanies Jap. envoy to Manila, 9, 29. 

Antonio (Japanese convert) : imprisoned, 18, 218. 

Antonio, Pedro: silver medal conferred on, 52, 309, 3x0. 

Antonio, Xacome, S. J.: letters by (1627-28), 22, 3x5, 3x6. 

Antonius (Roman card.) : despatches papal bull, JO, 100. 

Anhinez de Portugal, Juan (of Order of Christ) : appointed governor of Timor and 
Solar, 42, 2x7-219. 

Anunciacion, Alonso de la (Rec) : death, 21, 122; sketch, cited, X48. 

Anunciacion, Diego de la (Rec) : sketch, J I, 115, xx6. 

Anunciacion, Dionisio de la (Rec prior) : signs petition, 17, 88. 

Anundaci6n, Domingo de la (Rec) : goes with exped. to Florida, 31, 41. 

Anunciacion, Josl de la (Rec) : offices and services in his order, 28, 3x7, 35, 85, 86, 
36, 23, 136, 137, 41, 59; sketch, xox, 102; letter by, cited, 36, 137. 

Anunciacion, Juan de la (Rec) : sketch, 21, 252, 253. 

Anunciacion, Martin de la, O.P.: sketch, 14, 84. 



44 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Anunciacion 

Anunciacion, Mateo de la, O.S.F.: aids in Salcedo's arrest, 37, 59, 6a 

Anus (port in Phil) : Dutch fleet in, 35, 231. 

Anvils. See Tools. 

Anwar (Moro sultan) : death, 46, 45. 

Aornis (Aornos, lofty rock in India): name, 44, 54; height in Mindanao compared 
to, 54. 

Apalit (Apali, Pale, vill. in Pampanga) : an encomienda, its pop. and no. of tributes, 
5, 85 (1582), 8, 102 (1591); revolt there quelled, 38, 147. Admin, by Aug., 8, 
10a, 17, 193, ^3, 288, 28, 131, 165, 37, 237, 254, 38, 141, 2x5, 4*, 298. 

Apanguiel (vill. [in Laguna?]): Fran, convent in, 37, 289. 

Apanoaan (Cebuan chief) : 33, 167, 337. 

Aparicio, Jhoan Francisco (notary-public): attests document, 11, 185, 186. 

Aparri (Apparri), (vill.): location, 14, 282, 38, 288, 32, 145; importance as port, 
145; Apayaos entertained at, 43, 74. Admin, by Dom., 28, 160, 174, 43, 
13, 66. 

Apat: a Bagobo, 43, 247. 

Apavao (Fil. chief) : Span., 9, 81. 

Apayaos (Payaos), (non-Christian tribe in Luzon): etymology of name, 43, 7a; 
location, 3*, 104, 37» 239, 43, 7*, 48, 81; of Igorot stock, 37, 244, 48, Si; 
incorrectly called Mandayas, 43, 72; head-hunters, 3 J, 104, 37, 240; method of 
warfare, 84, 85; weapons, 48, 85; worship ancestors, 37, 241; funeral customs, 
48, 85. Miss, among, 37» 224, 239-242, 48, 57, 86, 87. 

Apayos (dist in Luzon) : visited by Amer., 52, 35a 

Apio (vill. in Ituy) : pop. (1594), 14, 297. 

Aplad: location, 14, 297. 

Apolinar, Fray, O.S.F.: persecution of, 19, 55. 

Aponte y Andrada, Alonso de (sarg.-may.) : castellan at Cavite, 39, 191 ; excom- 
municated, 185. 

Apostates: in various districts, 3, 261, 21, 60, 41, 217; lured away by Mor., 6, 59; 
hate religious, 41, 226, 228; flee to mountains, 41, 247, 44, 136; migrate from 
Phil., 125; render heathen still more superstitious, 48, 104, no; attack native Chris^ 
44, 122; ecc. attempt to reclaim, 41, 2x9, 246, 43, 59; some are reconciled and 
converted, jo, 102-104, 41, 223-225, 43, 64, 80; converted, exempt from tribute, 60, 

Apothecaries. See Physicians. 

Apran Langara (king of Camboja) : asks aid from Span., 27, 114, 1x5. 

Apulit: pop. (1893), 33, 288; Aug. admin., 288. 

Aquaviva, Claudio, S. J. (gen. of order) : official acts, 12, 174, 175, 197, 232, 13, 30; 
letters to, II, 191, 12, i75"*77, 17, H3- 

Aquilantan (chief of Tanae) : acts as envoy for Span., 4, 267. 

Aquinas, Thomas, O.P.: 5, 199. See St Thomas Aquinas. 

Aquines, Arricharse de: 11, 153. See Hawkins, Sir Richard. 

Aquino, Nicolas de: commands reenforcements, 49, 119. 

Arabia: discovery of, 1, 208; within Span, demarcation, 200; claimed by Port, 2, 273, 
274; transp. via, 16, 206; art of printing carried to Germany via, 3, 206; its 
products, 27, 95-97; exports, 19, 3x8; a center of Oriental trade, 27, 89, 90, 94. 

Arabs: lang. of, obsolete in Phil., 48, 159; Port, hostile to, 34, 153; occupy Moluccas, 
16, 222; estab. dynasties in Malay Is., 46, 46; descendants of, in Mindanao, 51, 79; 
in Manila, 27, 82; share the silver of Spain, 30, 56; introd. compass into Europe, 
B3 9 327 ; discover Magellanic clouds, 32a 

Arac (Tagacaolo) : enslaved, 43, 242. 



Arauz] index 45 

Aragfa (ancient kingdom [now province] of Spain) : treaties and compacts between, 
and Castilla, and Portugal, I, 7, 8, 95, 115-129, 131-135; exped. against, 22, 41; 
Moriscos expelled from, 3a 

Aragon, Diego de, O.P.: lives with Chirino, at Cebu, ia, 279, 28a 

Aragoo, Juana de: marries Rivas, 42, 291. 

Aragonese: as missionaries, 24, 128. 

Arajon, Miguel: envoy to J0I6, 46, 37. 

Aramboro, Juan Perez de: money due him, paid to Jes., 26, 180. 

Aramburu, Juan de: storekeeper on "Santa Rosa," 42, 226. 

Aramburu, Marcos (commander of galleon) : grants favor to Acufia, 12, 162. 

Aramburu: 47, 77. See also Arramburu. 

Arana, Bartolome de: money paid his estate by roy. tress., 26, 175. 

Arana, Joan de: a witness, 11, 142. 

Arana, Pedro de (Span, soldier) : acts as witness, 4, 281 ; slain by Cebuans, 2, 122, 

134* 153- 

Aranas (Aranaz), Dr. Domingo de: an advocate, 49, 274; graduates at Manila, 50, 
140; employed by friars, 49, 271. 

Aranda, Conde de, 50, 273. See Abarca de Boles. 

Aranda, Jos* de, O.S.A: sketch, 4a, 297. 

Aranda, Juan de (factor of India House of Trade) : Magalhaes's contract with, I, 
250, 251. 

Aranda, Matheo de: exped. against Igorots, 37, 245. 

Arandia Santisteban, Echeveria y Alvero, Pedro Manuel de (gov. of Phil.) : takes 
possession of office, 48, 167, 168; attempts reforms, 13, 50; reorganizes army and 
arsenal, 168, 224, 227; regulates Acapulco trade, 189 (see Books: Arandia) ; expels 
Chin, from Phil., 180; treats Ali-Mudin with kindness, 170, 171; mil. measures, 
176, 49, 81, ii2, 189; sends Joloan captives home, 48, 165; abolishes "rotten 
borough" of Cebu, 188, 189; dispute with Aud., 187; efforts to educate natives, 46, 
279, 286; zeal, 48, x88, 189; has dispute with abp., 51, 3x1; controversy with rel. 
orders, 28, 227, 296, 297, 48, 185, x86, 49, 1x2, 129, 50, 30, 5i> 165; sends miss's 
to Igorots, 48, 89; becomes unpopular, 185, 190; death, 28, 2x4, 48, 13, 50, 190; 
thought to have been murdered, 48, 190, 51, 165; amount of his fortune, 190; 
legacies left by, 190, 248; sketch, 17, 296, 297; ordinances of govt, formulated by 
him, 50, 127, 228 (regarding friars, 28, 296, 297) ; see under Books. 

Araneta, Gregorio (atty.-gen. of Phil. Is.) : report by, cited, 5 J, 156. 

Aranguen (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 134. 

Aranguren, — : teacher of piano, 45, 244. 

Aranguren, Jos* (Rec) : consecrated as abp., 28, 268; life and character, 51, 3x5. 

Aranjo, Pablo Rodriguez de: leaves estate to Santo Tomas, 45, 320. 

Aranez, Ignacio (Boholan chief) : leads insurrection, 28, 328. 

Araqui, Thomas (Jap. priest) : apostatizes, 32, 128. 

Arasan (vill. in Samar) : 5, 57. 

Arasti, Martin de, O.S.A. : arrives at Manila, 24, 92. 

Araujo, Fructuoso de (capt.) : appointed administrator, 17, 158. 

Araujo, Gonzalo (capt) : donates fellowship, 45, 122. 

Araujo, Pablo Rodriguez de: benefactor of Dom., 17, 157-160, 163. 

Araujo, Sebastian de: his junk stolen, 10, 241, 243. 

Araut (roy. encomienda): status (1591), 8, 133. 

Araux, Tomas de: praises Acuna, 15, 285. 

Arauz, Joan de: presents image to Rec church, 21, 156. 



46 the PHILIPPINE islands [Araya 

Araya (vill. in Luz6n) : Fil. settle in, 8, X02; Augustinian minion in, io, 204. 

Araya, Fernando de (Span, officer) : commands reinforcements, 49, 1x4. 

Ariyat (vill): location, and pop., 33, 290; faithful to Span., 38, 147; menaced by 
Pangasinans, 161; Esteybar in, 172. Admin, by Aug., 23, 290, 25, 152, 28, 131, 
165, 37, 165, 223, 254, 38, 141, 175. 

Arayat, Fernando: suppresses insurrection, 49, 304. 

Arbitrators: in demarcation assembly, 1, 168, 173, 174; in com'l matters, 45, 60; 
G. P. Dasmarinas offers himself as one, 9, 77. 

Arbues, San Pedro (Span.) : piety, 41, 147. 

Arcada, Sebastian Ignacio de (Jesuit) : envoy to J0I6 sultan, 47, 247, 48, 148; death, 
149. 

Arcaya, Fernando (Span, officer) : envoy to British fleet, 49, no. 

Arcaya de Guevara, Patricio (treas. ad interim of Manila ecc cab.) : expelled from 
Aug. order, jo, 84; lives immorally, 84. 

Arce. See also Arze. 

Arce, Augustin de (capt), (procurator for Phil, colony): asks coat-of-arms for 
Manila, 9, 2x1. 

Arce, Antonio de, O. St J. of G. (sup. of order in Phil. Is.) : labors and services at 
Manila, 38, X45, 176, 47, 161, x68, 194, 195, 202. 

Arce Reynoso, Diego de (bp. of Plasencia) : inquis.-gen. of Spain, 36, 87. 

Arce (Arze), Pedro de, O.S.A. (bp. and abp.) : elected provincial (1602), 11, 307, 
34, 3<; governs as rector-provincial (1606-08), 34, 44, 47; makes reforms in order, 
*3» 299; signs official report to king (1602), 11, 309; app. bp. of N. Caceres 
(x6xx), 17, 173, 175, 41, 2x4; asks roy. aid for hosp. at N. Caceres, X72, 173; app. 
bp. of Cebti, 175, 34, 31, 59; visits Bohol, 13, 203-207; checks illegal action of civil 
official, 33, 268; aids Misericordia, 47, 71; assigns miss, to Rec, 31, 193, 2x5, 298, 
302, 214, 46, 114, 115, 38, 323, 324; transfers Romblon to them, 3x7; asks (16x9) to 
resign office and receive moderate income, 18, 236; asks for roy. decision regarding 
vacant sees, 244, 245; commended by Fajardo, 30, 67; assigns Dapitan to Jes., 
44, 54; surrenders to Guerrero right to abpc, 39, 260; assents (1635) to Guerrero's 
censure of Jes., 35, 2x8; retracts censure, 219, 220; returns to Cebu from Manila, 
104, X05; declines (1636) to serve again as abp., 288; death, 37, 160; sketch, 13, 
300; character and services, 34, 33-37, 43, 39, 262, 263, 35, 104. As abp., rules 
abpc of Manila in sede vacante (16x6-19), 31, 53, 34, 31, 96, 51, 301; his right 
to that office, 35, 186; official acts, 18, 86, 190-192, 244, 245, 31, 294; again 
exercises that office (1630-35), 51, 302, 303; constrains Cabildo to accept him as 
abp., 39, 261, 262; assigns miss, to Jes., 35, xo6, 39, 133, 242, 43, 265, 44, 6x; 
commends their work, and asks for more miss's., 35, xo6; praised by Cerezo, 24, 
337; official acts, 34, 189, 225, 255, 257, 38, 28, 35, 83; salary, 18, 24X-246, 214, 
96, 194, 199, 200. Letters by, to Cong, of Propaganda, 31, 166-169; to king 
(commending Rec), 169; to Felipe III, in 1602, 11, 307-309, 3x8; in 1603, 13, 140, 
141, 324; in 16x9, 18, 235-240, 346; to Felipe IV, in 1631, 34, 188-191, 339; in 
1635, 35, 104-107, 322; cited, 34, 226; petitions by Arce, 18, 241, 242, 244-246; his 
report of earthquake (1645), cited, 35, 226. 

Arce de Sadornil, Juan (Span, officer): sent to Borneo (1579), 4, *5» *$; Sande's 
instructions to, 186-192, 206; negotiations with Bornean ruler, 193-2x3; orders re- 
turn to Manila, 2x4; his instructions to his fleet, 2x5-2x8; deposition by, 6, 51, 52. 

Arcediano, Antonio, O.P.: miss'y to Phil., 30, 120; to China, 125; services and official 
acts, 130, x68, 169, 208, 281; zeal, 31, 144. 

Arcega, — : alcalde-mayor, 39, 191. 



Architecture] INDEX 47 

Arceo, Capt Agustin de: deserving of reward, 7, 150; his encomienda, 8, 133; 

official acts, 6, 230, 1 3, 31 ; keeps Chin, in his house, 13, 285. 
Arceo, Capt Juan de: in Chin, insurrection, 39, 204, 205, 212-2x6; envoy to Japan, 

*4, «7«- 
Arceo, Matheo de (regidor of Manila) : signs petition for aid to Jes., 36, 48. 
Arceo, Capt. Pedro de: his encomienda, 8, 121, 124; mil. services, 11, 140, 155, 16, 

36, 37, 273. (Probably the same as the following). 
Arceo Cuevasruvias (prob. same as Covarrubias), Capt Pedro de: member of gov.'s 

council, 9, X22, 132, 136. 
Arches: triumphal, 10, 77, 37, 333, 337- 
Architects: in rel. orders, 12, 198, 48, 183, 51, 1x4; Span., admire Chin, work, 3 J, 

82; in Phil., characterized, 51, 167. 

ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDINGS - 

In general: understood by friars and others, 1, 59, 38, 201, 203, 29, 29, 46, 359 
(by Fil) ; taught to Fil., 12, 198, 46, 359; orders of, 37, 204; Span, do not engage 
in, 16, 165; of public buildings (palaces) in Manila, 35, 2x7, 2x8, 37, 290, 38, 
47, 51, 166, 167, 171; id. dilapidated, 50, 260, 261; of cathedral there, 16, 140, 28, 
109, 201, 37, 137, 204, 51, 166; of Jes. college, 28, 201-203, 45, 1x5; of churches, 
13, 246, 33, 204, 38, 127, X29, 130, 2ox, 30, 138, 142, X43, 35, 3i7, 218, 36, 209, 
2x4, 37, 80; of convents, 34, 63, 36, 90, 51, 168; of cemetery building, 172, 173; 
of dwellings (of Span.), 15, 305, 19, 286, *8, *4*, *9, 3©5, 34, 3*8, 35, 217, 
2x8, 36, 203, 51, 169, 170; of native houses (see under Filipinos; Moros; and the 
names of various tribes) ; govt buildings in vill., 6, 48, 49, 48, 228 ; churches, 
cc&, outside Manila, 8, 164, 34, 45, 30, 229, 33, 81-83, 36, 1x7, 41, 2x8, 245; 
mausoleum for deceased prince, 36, 36-42; triumphal arches, 18, 92, 43, 171, 229, 
295; forts, 38, 178, 35, 136, 36, 202, 245, 246, 44, 68, 47, 98, 123 (see under 
Military). Special features, vaulted churches, 39, 203, 2x2, 30, 143; edifice made 
of mortised timbers, 31, 284; building to resist earthquakes, etc, 42, 167, 168, 43, 
81; use of wooden pillars (harigues), or piles, 33, 241, 42, 167, 168, 47, 166; 
balconies, 36, 203, 39, 176; cupola, 36, 37; columns, 36, 37, 39; cheap in Phil., 
7, 164. 

Materials of construction-, in gen., 6, 29, 55, 102, 158, 159, 298, 16, 233, 19, 72, 
283, 286, 23, 212, 247 (frauds in supply of, by Chin.), 33, 240-242, 28, 224, 39, 
*99, 30, 219, 221, 226, 3x5, 317, 31, 95, 260, 3«, 77, 81, 83, X77, 207, 34, 188, 35, 
2x7, 262, 302, 37, *47, 285, 45, 188, 231. Earth or mud, 1, 330, 37, 285; straw 
(for both walls and thatch), 6, 55, 298, 7, 205, 8, 290, 20, 269, 33, 269, 270, 3x5, 
38, 208, 224, 39, 291, 31, 260, 36, 123, 244, 37, 285, 38, 25, 64, X29. Bamboo 
(sometimes called "cane" and "reed"), 4, 66, 87, X15, 5, 127, 6, 298, 7, 204, 224, 
10, 88, 259, 13, 190, 265, 268, 13, 68, 16, xx8, 19, 72, 283, 21, 241, 23, 270, 33, 
241, 38, 224, 30, 291, 3*, 83, 33, 153, 34, 188, 35, 225, 278, 280, 282, 283, 286, 
2*7, 36, 132, 285, 37, 247, 38, 25, 52, 64, 1x7, 120, 222, 39, 28, 40, 145, 41, 67, 
79, 43, 276, 43, 270, 47, 167, 50, 67, 259. Nipa (largely for thatching) ; (see 
under Plants and trees: leaves). Wood, 1, 45, 330, 4, 38, 87, xx6, 199, 6, 29, 298, 
7, 58, 205, 10, 44, 88, 259, II, 98, 13, 40, 129, 130, 197, 226, 13, 277, 14, 284, 
3x6, 15, 59, 66, 243, 30, 269, 31, 294, 33, 98, 269, 270, 33, 2x7, 230, 240, 243, 263, 
264, 277, 278, 282, 283, 294, 34, 85, 86, 155, *8, 207, 39, 70, 251, 257, 30, 138, 
142, 22X, 315, 31, 95, 33, 77, 81, 83, 177, 34, 380, 381, 388, 35, 86, 217, 222, 279- 
287, 302, 306, 36, 200, 205, 39, 28, 40, 128, 41, 67, 45, 188, 2x3, 47, 166. Timber - 
abundant in Phil. Is., 3, 242, 5, 7«» IO » «°» 34, 20, 4*, «94, 49, 32, 51, 87, 242; 
quality and value, 3, 225, 4, 74, *3, 52, 38, 41, 41, X59, 242, 4a, 194; cut by 



48 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Architecture 

ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDINGS (continued) — 

repartimientos of natives, and effect of this on their condition, 16, 108, 165, 36, 
307, 26a, 37, 28, *73, *«, 2x3, 250, 280, 393, 38, 43, WHSi *54, «57, 40, 31, 
262, 279, 41, 5«, 4*, 373, 308, 44, x*5-"7, 46, 254, 47, 47, *53, 292, 293 (see 
also Fil.: Soc. and econ. life) ; various mention, 14, 258, 15, 291, 18, 73, 19, 71, 
33, 174, 34, 186, «7, 114, 35, 255, 37, 300, 39, 62, 4a, 178, 47, 293, 49, 3*, 5<>, 
246, 247, 251, 51, 140, 141, 242, 53, 75* Logs, used for building forts, etc., 3, 150, 
4, 198, 201, 267, 15, 48, 9*, 241, «9, 299, 35, 148. Lumber -quality, 16, 89, 18, 
170-173, 183, 294, 327, 19, xx8, 34, 2x0, 211, 22x, 39, 85, 38, 69; tramp., 10, 84, 
16, 84, 18, 183, 33, 242, ^4, «3, «4J «> trade, 33, 23, 247, 43, 169, 47, 278, 
283, 48, 278; enumeration of trees most valued for, 16, 84-89, 18, 169-173, 48, 
296, 297, 51, 140, 141; boards, 4, 32, 6, 55, 23, 169; various mention, 24, 290, 
*8, 90, 35, 30a, 38, a8. Posts, 3, 70, J3, a4o; stakes, 4, 66, 70, 16, 1x7, 1x8, 30, 
391. Coral, 43, x68. Bricks, 6, 398 (mfre.), 301, 7, aa8 (made by Chin.), 229, 

8, 37a, 380, n, 98, 14, 175, 316 (mud-dried), 33, 97, 370, 33, 97, 347, 370, 30X, 
33, 2x4, 245, 39/203, 30, 315, 35, 284, 285. Stone -used in constr., 1, 42, 43, 4, 
57, 6, 29, i8x, X82, 298, 7, 57-60, 89, X2X, 125, X63, ao5, ao6, aa8, 8, 338, 37a, 390, 

9, 6a, 343, 10, 44, 88, 349, 251, 260, a6x, 376, 11, 98, X39, 13, 85, 139, X30, 138, 
144, X97, 198, 14, ia5, 175, 3x6, 15, 6a, 66, 305, 16, 137-143, H7. *48, 18, 138, 19, 
67, x6a, 386 (cut), ji, 87, xa8, X39, 155 (cut), 384 (hewn), 394, 33, 88, 95, 97, 
370, 33, 197 (cut), 309, 3xx, 313, 3x7, 340, 343, 345, 363-364, 377-381, 394, 397, 34, 
45, 295, 36, X78, 37, 357, 38, 49, 63, 109, 119, 178, 301 (cut), 385, 304 (cut), 307, 
39, 25, 164, 333, 339, 338, 351, 305, 30, X43, 331, 336, 339, 354, 315, 33, 84, X04, 34, 
380, 388, 401, 406, 35, 148, 3x7, 379-386, 306, 36, xco, X02, 117, xx8, 3oa, 303 and 
3x4 (hewn), 344, 37, 80, xx3, 137 (rubble), 304, 38, 90 (fortifications), 43, 308, 
43, 8x, 30a, 44, 68, X17, 45, 231, 47, "3, 123, 49, 3<>, 37, 4°, "4, 338, 50, 60, 
359, 51 163, 166, 17X, 53, 233; quarries, 7, 205, 38, 303, 39, 153, 48, 308; marble, 
4, 168, 13, 193, 15, 1x0, 38, 303; limestone, 43, 308; granite, 18, 305, 51, 167; 
various mention, 6, 300, 10, 369, 14, 59 (cut), 174, 38, 303, 37, 100, 47, 9*» 5*» 
167. Iron, 46, 368 (S. Sebastian church); cement, 7, 135; mortar, 306, 47, 1x3, 
133; lime, made from stone, 7, 338; sand, 4, 33, 6, 103, 7, 329, 33, 97. Tiles 
(mainly for roofing), 6, 398 (mfre.), 7, 205, 306, 334, 328 (made by Chin.), 339, 
8, 390, 10, 88, 13, 130, 14, 125, 16, xx8, 143 (of nipa and clay), 17, 57, 33, 182, 
347 (prices), 370, 33, 378, 34, X55, X78, x86, 39, 303, 3x3, 335, 399, 300 
(materials), 34, 381, 401, 35, 2x7, 39, 88, 47, 166, 50, 359, 51, 169. Thatch 
(palm-leaves, grass, etc), 4, 276, 16, 118, 19, 72, *4, 144, *5, x 53, 154, *8, X77, 
*°» 233, 30, 3x7, 47, 256. See also Plants and trees. 

Archives and Libraries — 

In general: many represented in this series, 1, 14; Aug., 3, 19, 333, 16, 1x7, 33, 
279, 37, 183, 40, 378, 4*, 186, 334, 46, 334, 47, 177, 49, 191 J Spanish, 3, 33X, 6, 
231, 333, 17, 7, 33, 386, 387, 37, 35, 50, 379, 53, 336, 330; bequeathed to Dom. 
college, 14, 279, 38, 136, 137, 3*, 4*» 99, ">x, 45, 249, 363, 46, 34X (see also 
Benavides) ; mil, founded in Phil., 17, 304; of various countries, 18, 306, 53, 13, 
15-49; necessary, in Benedictine monasteries, 38, 368; Rec, 36, 1x4; Jesuit, 37, 
133, 41, 250, 355, 44, xo6, 45, xo6, xxx, 50, 300, 53, 30 (see also post, San 
Ignacio) ; Dom., 47, 387, 53, 14 (see also post, Santo Tom as) ; in seminaries in 
Phil., 45, 330; well equipped in Phil., 367; public and school, 46, 170, 177, 344, 
346; of engineers, 3x0; acts regarding, cited, 46, 369; notarial, 50, 197; provin- 
cial, 307, 3x3 ; village, 33, 379, 50, 363, 51, 301 ; rel. orders possess, 53, 13. 



Archives] INDEX 49 

Names 1 

Academia Espafiola (Madrid), MS. in, 47, 2x, 285. 

Academia Real das Scienciaa (Lisbon), officials thanked, 1, 17. 

Aguila, Conde de, his collection, 53, 31. 

Alvarez Guerra, Juan, his collection, 53, 35. 

American Circulating Library (Manila), report, cited, 46, 369. 

Amherst College Library, librarian thanked, 1, 16. 

Archivo de Alcala de Henares, note on, 53, 33. 

Archivo General de Indias (Sevilla), Cast de Contratacion (India House of 
Trade) papers conserved in, 1, 218; doc transferred to, 329 (see also post A. G. 
de Simancas); method of arranging doc in, 3, 317, 53, 15, x6; classification of 
PhiL doc in, 16-29; MSS. of reproduced and cited in this series, 1, 253, 284, 
339. 341, 34», a, 33, 130, 185, 33X-334, 3, 27, 55. 67, 105, 119. X75, I9°» a2X, **9> 
315, 316, 4. X9» 319, 5, *>7, 319, 320, 6, 33, 155, 293, 323, 7, 27, 77, 265, 319, 
320, 8, 23, 197, 299, 319, 320, 9. X2, ax, 62, 79, X45, X97, 209, 279, 3*7-329, 10, 
23, 5X, 187, 3x7, 3x8, II, X9, X7X, 233, 26x, 317, 318, 13, 27, 8x, X48, 323, 324, 
13, 2x9, 269, 3x7, 3x8, 14, 27, 79, X97, 24X, 339-34', 16, 298, 17, 83, X53, X87, 
243, 28X, 282, 18, 67, 27X, 345, 346, 19, 23, 299, ao, *3, *57, *55, 305, «l, X7, 32, 
34. 49, S*> 56, 75, 7«, "*, "7, 3*9, Mi *5, *x, X23, X79, 3x8, 321, 322, 33, ax, 
299, 34, x8x, 26x, 339, as, ax, X09, 2x3, 321, 36, 17, 3x5, 37, 19, 35, 213, 303, 
365, *8, X9, 143, 369, 39, ax, 75, X39, X82, 3x3, 31, X12, 289, 3*, 65, 33, 278, 
**9. 3x8, 34, X78, X93, 310, 45X-453, 35, ax, X67, 3a3, 36, 2X, 307, 37, a28, 38, 
«5, 45, 95, 47, a53, 258, 49, xoo, 205, 51, X9X, 53, 3x6 (see also 53, for the many 
MSS. of these Archives there cited) ; facsimiles (autographs, maps, plans, etc) from 
MSS. in reproduced in this series, 1, xx, 273, 3, 9, 179, 3, 13, 47, 5, 7, 254, 6, xx, 
328, 7, 7, *x, X87, 8, 7, 215, 223, 227, 23X, 9, 7, 305, 10, 7, 159, X97, 13, 
7, 2x5, 16,. 7, 208, 18, 7, 343, 19, 7, 165, 33, 7, 79, 35, 7, a99, 31, 7, 
289, 3«, 7, a97, 34, facing 272, facing 384, 35, 7, X71, 36, 7, 93, 215, 37, 7, 
20X, 205, 38, 7, 45, 39, 7, X95, 41, 7, 45, 43, 7, 35, 44, 9, 5*. **3, 45, 
9, 143, 46, frontispiece, ix, 35, 49, 53, 48, 11, 181, 219, 281, 49, 9, 95, X83, 
a85, 50, 7, 35, 83, 182, 183, 20X, 51, 9, 29, 67, 161, 193, 5*, 11, 37, 337, 347 J 
newspapers in, cited, 51, 48; officials in, thanked, I, 16, 13, 25, 26, 53, 54. 

Archivo General de Simancas (also called Archivo del Estado; Simancas) -doc 
transferred from, 1, 339 (see above, A. G. de Indias) ; Phil. doc. in, 53, 29 ; MSS. 
in, reproduced and cited in this series, 1, 343, 3, 331, 335, 3, 121, 122, 221, 
3x6, 13, 257, 14, 79, X97, 341, 35, X67, 324, 49, 26, 134, 346, 348, 50, 278, 283, 
53, *5> x6; director, thanked, I, 16. 

Archivo Hist6rico - Nacional (Madrid), Phil, doc in, 4, 320, 53, 29, 30; doc 
in, reproduced and cited in this series, 3, 316, 320, 6, 33, 323, 7, 77, 3x9, II, 19, 
318, 14, 79, 17, 282, 19, 23, 197, 300, 30, 255, 306, 31, 17, 33, 81, 123, X79, 322, 

323, 34, 181, 340, 35, 3i, X09, 322, 36, 126, 37, 19, 366, 39, 21, 139, 3x4, 35, 2X, 

324, 45, 95, X23, 50, 324; director, thanked, I, 17. 
Archivo Nacional (Lisbon), see post, Torre do Tombo. 
Astor (branch of N. Y. Public), Philippina in, 53, 42. 

Ayer Collection (belonging to £. £. Aycr, Chicago), MSS. and books in, cited 
and reproduced in this series, 6, 231, 232, 13, 169, 323, 13, 27, 15, 289, 16, 2ix, 
3x9, 17, 7, 5x, 77, 83, 243, 282, 30, 23, 306, 31, 7, 17, 107, 320, 33, 123, 174, 
323, 33, 21, 299, 38, 66, 39, 139, 172, 174, 3x4, 30, 19, «x, 113, 323, 31, X9, 33, 
17, 34, 406, 35, 21, 167, 324, 36, 107, 307, 37, 21, 233, 274, 307, 38, 15, 286, 39, 



$o the PHILIPPINE islands [Archives 

Archives and Libraries (continued) — 

«9, 3<>3, 40, 33. 35. 1*3. *88, *93, *97, 261, 41, 31, *73, 4*, 23, 31a, 43, 27, 95, 
98, 113, 44, 25, 3X3, 45, 89*9*, 95, 47, 21, 284, 48, 25, 195, 339, 49, 63, 142, 
154, 203, 206, 238, 347, 348, 50, 27, 75, 91, 323, 51, 21, 57, 263, 5*, 180, 236, 239, 
289, 353, 53, 12; facsimile reproductions from, in this series, 16, frontispiece, 9, 
17, 7, iox, 141, JO, 7, 37, ji, 7, 109, 189, 28, 7, 79, 30, 7, 1x3, 40, 7, 
39, 44, frontispiece, 7, 48, frontispiece, 11; see also 53, for the many citations of 
manuscripts and printed books in this collection; Arco, Ventura del; and Ayer, 
Edward E. 

Barcelona Univ., Philippina in, 53, 35. 

Barrantes, Vicente, his collection, 53, 35. 

Biblioteca Arab rosi ana (Milan, Italy) - origin of name, 40, 275; Pigafetta's 
relation in, 33, 12, 25, 273, 34, 37, 53, 37, facsimiles reproduced from, 33, 10, 
86, 92, X02, 1x2, X36, 202, 210, 230, 238, 242, 246, 250, 34, 9, 7*, X04, no. 114, "8, 
124, 146; director, thanked, I J, 25; see also Books. 

Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid), description and Phil. doc. in, 53, 29; doc. in, used 
for this series, 25, 21, 322, 27, 53; officials thanked, 1, 17. 

Biblioteca Real (Madrid), Philippina in, 53, 32. 

Biblioteca de Vittorio Emanuele (Rome, Italy), facsimile map from, in this 
series, 41, 7, 53; officials, thanked, 12, 26. 

Bibliotheca Nacional (Lisbon) officials thanked, I, 17. 

Bibliotheca Real de Ajuda (Lisbon), officials thanked, 1, 17. 

Bibliotheque Nationale (Paris), doc etc, in, cited, 2, 37, 33, 273, 34, 180; 53, 
12, 38 ; facsimile reproductions from, in this series, 29, 7, 279, 30, 7, 83, 31, 7, 177, 
3 J, 7, 169, 36, 7, facing 50, 39, 7, 129, 42, 9, 181; officials, thanked, 12, 26; see 
also Books; and 53 (for citations of books and MSS. in this library). 

Blair and Robertson, their collection, 28, 66, 44, 3x3, 45, 95. 

Blumentritt, F., his collection, 53, 38. 

Boston Public, books in, cited, 5, 7, 16, 66, 52, 33, 53, 40, 41 ; facsimile repro- 
ductions from, in this series, 3, 13, 86, 87, 4, 7, 128, 129, 227, 12, 7, 90, 91, 14, 7, 
^3, 15, 7, *07, 223, 227, 231, 38, 7, *57. 

Breda (Milan), Philippina in, 53, 37. 

British Museum (London), doc in, reproduced and cited in this series, 1, 339, 
14, 79, 34X, 15, 35, 198, M, 81, 323, 34, 29, 3x1, 453, 39, 19, 303, 47, 88, 49, 
26, 347, 53, 354, 53, 12, 37, (see also throughout, 53) ; maps in, 46, 48; facsimile 
reproductions from, in this series, 25, 7, 56, 57, 133, 34, 9, 150, 151, 36, 7, 191, 
38, 7, 95, 2x3, 41, 7, 280, 281, 49, frontispiece, 9; officials, thanked, 12, 26. 

Carter-Brown (Providence), librarian, thanked, 1, x6, 53, 54 ; Philippina in, 

4«. 

Casa de Contrataci6n, records of, conserved in A. de L, 1, 2x8; sea-charts in, 
3, 126. 

Castro, Agustin Maria de, his collection, 53, 35. 

Colegio de Agustinos de Filipinas (Valladolid), see Augustinians: colleges, and 
Middleton, T. Cooke. 

Columbia University, doc in, 15, 326. 

Compafiia General de Tabacos de Filipinas (Barcelona), description of collection, 
53, 33, 34! acquires Retana's Collection, 2, 334; doc in, 334; librarian, thanked, 
1, 17. 

Council of the Indies (Indias), doc in, cited, 19, 193, 45, 79, 48, x86. 

Culhuacan (Mex; Aug. convent), doc found in, 2, 19, 332. 



Archives] INDEX 51 

Deposito Hydrogrifico, Philippina in, 53, 32 (aee also throughout 53). 

£cole de Ste. Genevieve (Paris), officials, thanked, 13, 26. 

Free (Philadelphia), librarian, thanked, 1, 16. 

Graino, Antonio, his collection, 53, 35. 

Harvard University, books in, used and cited in this work, 15, 25, 41, 289, 16, 
25, 211, 319, ao, 21, 139, 315, 38, 15, 287, 50, 8, 291, 53, 4°. 4* J facsimiles repro- 
ductions from, in this series, 4, 7, 63, 11, 7, 189, 13, 7, 171, 16, 9, 2x3, ai, 9, 261, 
38, 7, 105, ao, 7, 169, 188, 30, 7, *i» 31, 7, *i» 35, 7, 23, 40, 7. «oi, 
43, 7. 231, 49, 9. 35, 5*, frontispiece, xx, 209; officials, thanked, I, 16, 53, 54- 

Hispanic Society of America (N. Y.), Philippina in, 53, 42. 

Howard Memorial (New Orleans), librarian, thanked, 13, 25. 

Jerez de los Caballeros, Marquis de, his collection, 53, 35. 

Keyser y Mufioz, Josl, his collection, 53, 35. 

Lenox (branch of N. Y. Public), rare books and MSS. in, I, xx, 303, 53, 12, 31; 
facsimile reproductions from, in this series, xx, 303, 1, 7, 27, 33, frontispiece, 9; 
officials, thanked, 1, 16. 

Library of Congress, books and MSS. of, cited, and used in this series, 6, 81, 323, 
II, X7X, 3x9, 19, 183, 300, 35, 7, *3*, 133. 36, X07, X13, 308, 41, 3*. *73, 43 » 
9*, 45, 95, 46, 63, 66, 48, i*3, 339. 49. 63, 50, 3*3, 3*4, 5*, 69; Philippina in, 
53, 12, 42, 43; facsimile reproductions from in this series, 6, 83, 135, II, 7, 187, 
17. 7, 5i, *8, 7, **5, 19. 7, i*5> *4, 9, *5*, *7, 7, 74, 75, *9, 7, 67, 
37. 7, 147. 39, 7, 89, 43, 7, "9, 4$, «, *5, 39, 49, 9, *o, 49, »99, 51, /r©»/«- 
pUce, 9, 5 J, 12, 355; officials, thanked, I, X5, x6, 53, 54- 

Manila Archives (of Audiencia, Cabildo, and since 1898, Division of Archives), 
45, 88, 232, 247, 47, 187; regulation concerning, 6, 42; legal papers filed in, 11, 
60; newspaper files in, 5a, 151; burned, 49, 322; described, 53, 13-15; officials, 
thanked, 5a, 26, 53, 54- 

Mercantile (St Louis), book in, 28, 66. 

Middleton, Thomas C, his collection, 46, 63, 64, 66, xoo. 

Mufioz, Juan Bautista, his researches in Span., 53, 30, 31 ; index of his collec- 
tion ordered made, 3a 

Museo, Biblioteca de Ultramar (Madrid), paintings in, 2, 9; collection obtained 
by, 53, 31; MSS. in, cited and used in this series, 3, 333, 3, 175, 190, 3x6, 29, 21, 
*57, 314, 35, 167, 3*5, 40, 183, 184, 47, 88, 49, H7 (»*« *l*o, 53) ; facsimile re- 
productions from, in this series, 1, frontispiece, xx, 30, 7, 277, 27, 7, 223, 40, 7, 185, 
47, frontispiece, 9, 89, 107, 115, 121; librarian, thanked, 1, x6. 

Museo Nacional (Mex.), Philippina in, 53, 40. 

New York Public, 53, 31 (see also above, Astor; and Lenox). 

Peabody (Baltimore), Philippina in, 5 J, 14, 30, 53, 47, 48. 

Pezzo, Carlo del (private library), Span. MS. in, 29, 277. 

Provincial of Toledo, possesses Philippina, 53, 35. 

Real Acidemia de la Historia (Madrid), described, 53, 30, 31; Lopez, a corre- 
spondent of, 25, 153 ; book published by, 5 J, 345 ; Munoz's transcripts in, 1, 342 
(see also, 53) ; doc in, cited and reproduced in this series, 3, 316, 5, 28, 319, 6, 
«55, 3*4, 14, 79, 139, 341, I*, 67, 346, 19, 23, 254, *99, 3«>, *<>, 23, 306, 23, 179, 
318, 3*3, *4, i8x, 26x, 340, 35, 17, "» 109, 322, 26, 17, 3x5, J7, 53, 213, 365, 366, 
*8, 19, 369, *9, 3i, 139, 3X3, 35, 21, 167, 3*3, 3*4, 36, 2X, 307, 40, 207, 43, 43, 
49, 287 (see also, 53) ; officials thanked, 1, 16. 

Retana Collection, sold, 2, 334; see Retana, W. £.; and above Compania Gen. 
de Tab. de Fil. 



52 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Archives 

Archives and Libraries (continued) — 

Robertson, Junes A., his collection, 38, 66, 37, 21, 307, 42, 23. 

Salazar, Domingo dc, O.P. (Manila), his collection, use of, offered to Jesuits, 12, 

194- 

Salazar y Salcedo, Hieronimo (Manila), his collection, saved from fire, 12, 86. 

San Felipe College, regulations, 45, 177, 178. 

San Ignacio College (Manila; Jesuit), excellence of, 28, 201, 202 (see also anU, 
Jesuit). 

San Pablo convent (Manila; Aug.), document conserved in, 46, 287, 288 (see 
also, anU t Aug.). 

Santa Potenciana (Manila), destroyed, 45, 255, 268. 

Sociedad Economics (Manila), size, 45, 282. 

Santo Tomas College (Manila; Dom.), doc. in, cited, 45, 160; devoted to edu- 
cational uses, 168; see also ante % Dom. 

Sevilla Univ., Philippina in, 53, 35. 

Tepa, Conde de, his collection, 53, 31. 

Torre do Tombo (Archivo Nacional of Portugal; Lisbon), origin of name, I, 
339; MSS. in, cited or presented in this series, 1, 137, 284, 339, 341-343, 2, 64, 33, 
300, 341, 53, 12, 36 ; facsimile from, in this series, 33, 9, 270, 271 ; director thanked, 
I, 17. 

T'Serclaes, Duque de, his collection, 53, 35. 

Uguina, Antonio de, his collection, 53, 41. 

Vatican (archives and library), original papal bulls in, I, 339; MSS. from, in 
this series, 34, 311, 453; officials thanked, 12, 25. 

Velarde y Naveda, Jos*, his collection, 53, 35. 

War Dept (Washington), Philippina in, 53, 43, 50; librarian thanked, 54. 

Widener (branch of Philadelphia Public), Philippina in, 53, 42. 

Wisconsin State Historical (Madison), books in, reproduced in part in this 
series, 28, 66 9 41, 31, 273, 43, 98, 49, 347, 50, 324; facsimile from, reproduced 
in this series, 16, 9, 85, 18, 7, 199, 22, 7, 135, 23, 7, »35, *39> *4, 9» 281, *5, 7, 
1x6, 26, 7, 33, 45, 229, 275, 27, 7, *«3, 3»7, *8, 7, »93, 32, 7, *53, 41, 7, 
41, 42, 7, 147, 227, 48, ix, 213, 49, 9, 107; officials, thanked, 1, 16. 

Yale University, librarian, thanked, I, 16. 

Zapater, Francisco, his collection, 53, 31. 

Zaragoza, Justo, his collection, 53, 31* See also Books, and Vol. 53, both pre- 
liminary matter and citation of books and MSS. 
Arcjol, Agustin de (officer) : signs petition, 6, 240. 
Arco, Antonio de, envoy to Japan: 27, 141. 
Arco, Domingo del, O.P.: sketch, 14, 88. 

Arco, Ventura del (Span, official) : transcribes orig. docs, in Span, archives, 6, 231, 
36, 263, 40, 207 (sometimes synop., 17, 140) ; notes by, 36, 50, 37, 62, 63. "MSS." 
(his collection of transcriptions), descri. and character, 6, 231; docs, reproduced 
from, in this series, 17, 83, 100-143, 243, 249-261, 282, 21, 17, 79-83, 319, M t 123, 
130-X45, X79-216, 323, 23, 21, 87-92, 299, 29, 139, X94-258, 3x4, 35, ax, 128-162, 
167, X96-198, 324, 37, 21-63, 307, 38, 15, 72-75, 39, 19, X3X-243, 276-303, 40, X9-33, 
41, 31-38, 273, 42, 23-46, 64-1x6, 304-308, 302, 44, 25, 120-141, X65-X95, 3x3, 47, 
2X, 243-250; cited, 6, X58, 23X, 17, 77, *8, «9, 7©, 74, 7*, 89, 20, 23, 37, 306, 23, 
88, 90, 27, 263, 333, 36, 21, 107, 307, 37, 23, 30-35, 42, 43, 50, 52-54, 59, 60, x*2, 
233, 262-265, 271, 278, 280, 38, 72, 39, 149, 151, 182, 232, 243, 274, 40, 207, 4a, 
«3, 36, 43, 44, «2, X44, X62, 45, 95, 47, «7"«9, 244, 5*, 339, 357- 



Arevalo] index 53 

Arcocha, Francisco de (gov. setfy) : injured by horse, 39, 17s, 4 3, 230; commands 
galleon, 303; superseded, 303, 304. 

Arcos, Francisco de: roy. preacher, 47, 83. 

Arcos: 45, 122. See Gonzalez de los Arcos. 

Arctic Pole: line of demarcation drawn from, 1, 109, 122, 124, 125, 131, 132, 134, 208. 

Ardila, Isabel de (wife of Gov. Vargas): arrives at Manila, 4 J, 170; deprived of 
property by visitor, 39, 298; consoles her husband in imprisonment, 199, 4 J, 28$; 
sent into exile, 276. 

Ardila: 4 J, 31, 45, 36. See Guerrero de Ardila. 

Ardilla, Francisco de (master-of-camp) : superseded, 4 J, 204. 

Arechaga, Capt Martin de: defends Tan-chuy against Dutch, 35, 138. 

Arechaga, Capt. Valentin (sc. Martin?) de: at capture of Tan-chuy, 35, 14a* 

Aregita, — (alftrez) : killed at J0I6, 39, 40. 

Aregue, Juan de el: his encom., 8, 106. 

Areizaga, Juan de (Span, priest): reaches Nueva Espafia, 3, 39; relation by, cited, 
and sketch, 28. 

Arellano, Alonso de (ship-capt): accompanies Legazpi, 33, 130; deserts the exped., 
3), 196, 197, 15, 47; claims govt reward, 53, 327; accusations against, 3, 106; 
relation by, cited, 105, 106. 

Arellano, Cayetano S. (chief justice of Phil. Is.) : cited, 45, 327, 53, 160. 

Arellano, Deodato (sedy of Liga Filipina) : arrested, 53, 225. 

Arellano, Tristan de: exploring exped. to Florida, 34, x6, 195, 196. 

Arellano. See also Gomez de Arellano, and Lopez de Arellano. 

Areso, Domingo, S. J. : natives kill, 38, 90 ; sketch, 9a 

Arevalo (Spain) : demarcation compact drawn up at, 3, 123 ; town in Panay named 
for, 7, 4*. 

Arevalo (town in Panay) : location of, 7, 42, 43, 46, 13, 221, 16, 50, 308, 33, 248, 
294; now Iloilo (g. v.), 13, 39, 38, 93; advantages of position, 5, 67; excellent 
port, 33, 294; founded by Legazpi (1567), 18, 102; again by Ronquillo de Pefia- 
losa (1581) and other Span., 5, 26, 47, 49, 67, 13, 194, 15, 56, 16, 149, 166, 17, 
2*6, 34, 39*J >t» importance, 33, 218; Span, pop., 7, 43 (1586), 8, 132 (1591). 
16, 149 (1609), 36, 265 (1634, 1662) ; govt, and officials, 5, 203, 7, 43 (1586), 8, 
132 (1591), 14, 252, 268, 18, 103, 34, 79, 36, X02; capital of Visayas, 8, 132, 13, 
43 ; jurisdiction, 5, 69-79, 36, 105 ; shipbuilding at, 5, 7h *5, 62, 3-4, 393 J P°int 
of supply and departure for Span, fleets, 11, 241, 16, 283, 33, 117, 295, 33, 295; 
food supplies at, 13, 42, 16, 149; soldiers needed (1593), 9, 74; troops at, 11, 241; 
cost of maintaining, 14, 266; threatened or attacked by Moros, 11, 242, 13, 39, 
15, 194, 195, 34, 36, 38; menaced by Dutch, 17, 103, 34, 79; burned by them, 17, 
251, 19, 219, 34, 81, 37, 195; Span, at, 15, 94, 265, 266, 16, 270, 33, 248, 31, 246, 
37, 123; decline, and status in 1890, 16, 149; relig. status in 1586, 7, 43; a curacy, 
14, 261, 38, 162, 164; its church, 7, 43, 30, 234; Aug. at, 7, 43, **, 149, 34, 120; 
admin, by Jes., 13, 221, 17, 76, 38, 172. 

Arevalo, — (inspector) : accompanies Villalobos, 3, 59. 

Arevalo, Bonifacio (treas. of Liga Filipina) : arrested, 53, 225. 

Arevalo, Capt Diego de: commissioned to build ship, 37, 250; commands galleon, 
*5X» *53, 255, 275, 4a, 1x9. 

Arevalo, Francisco de, O.S.A.: suffers shipwreck, 33, 226. 

Arevalo, Ignacio Gil: superior of hosp. order, 47, 193. 

Arevalo, Isidoro de (bp. of N. Caceres) : 47, 131; restricts eccl. tax, 50, 95; delay in 
consecration, 48, 138, 139; death, x6x. 



54 THE Philippine islands [Arexita 

Aretha, Pedro de (alflrez) : a witness, 36, 72; exped. against Camucones, 39, 31. 
Argao (Argahao), (vill. in Cebti) : assigned to encomendero, 34, 30$; ceded to Jes. 

(*737)> 38 » 1 S°* I 5 1 5 education in, 1, 80 (there misprinted Argas), 46, 321. 
Argensola, Bartolomt Leonardo de. See Leonardo de Argensola. 
Argensola, Lupercio Leonardo de. See Leonardo de Argensola. 
Argente (Argent, Argenta), Vicente, O.S.F.: life and labors, 35, 218, 219, 35, 308; 

funeral panegyric, 36, 33, 34. 
Argentine See Gnecchi, Orgentino. 
Argollanes, Antonio de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 9a 
Argon, Salvador de (sec'y of bp.) : official act, 5, 191. 
Argonca, Juan de: his encom., 8, ixx. 
Argone, Salvator: eccl. notary, 34, 360. 
Arguelles, Juan de: accounts, 35, 128. 
Arguelles, Manuel de: goes to Phil. Is. (x688), 43, 272; his profits as commander of 

galleon, 1, 64. 
Arguijo Plata, Juan de (licentiate) : deposition, 31, 69; commended by Guerrero, 35, 

3x2. See Guijo. 
Argumedo, Juan de: accompanies Tuy exped., 14, 309; legal acts, 4, x6x, 6, 230, 

8, 182-184. 
Aria: Moro name for Spanish governor, 37, 273. 
Arias, Antonio, S. J.: signs legal opinion regarding hospitalers, 47, 179. 
Arias, Jos*, O.S.A.: fidelity, 38, 192; insurgents slay, 208, 41, 73. 
Arias, Ensign Rodrigo: his encom., 8, 123. 
Arias Giron (Xiron), Capt — : reports coming of Dutch ships, 11, 155; slain by 

Moros, 39, 94, 53, 34a 
Arias Giron, Ana (widow of Capt?) : collects treas. claim, 36, 180. 
Arias Giron (Xiron), Andres (eccl.): appointments to dignities, 35, 178, 190, 306, 

313, 36, 41, 282, 37, 27, 33, 34; charges against, 35, X75, 305; controversy with 

Abp. Guerrero, 175, 275-279, 3x3, 3x4, 36, 41-49, 37, 29; excommunicated, 35, 

276-278, 36, 48; other information, 35, 295, 306, 3x3, 36, 49, 38, 28; death, 35, 191. 
Arias Giron (Xiron), Diego: his encomienda, 33, 2x7. 
Arias de Mora, Luis de (advocate) : ale-mayor of Laguna, praised by Fran., 33, 106; 

legal questions referred to, 34, 3x5; attends council, 35, 276; app. protector of 

Chin., 36, 146, 147, 39, 50; praised by Corcuera, 50, 51; slain by Chin., 21a 
Ariduin, Capt Juan Lopez de : purchases iron, 39, 32 ; commands ship, 23. 
Arima (Japan) : conversions at, 33, 146 ; Chris, persecuted and slain, 33, 307, 308, 

34, 235; its. gov. (tono), and his death, 230, 242, 243. 
Aringay ( Aringuey, Arrimguey ) : location, 30, 268 ; storehouses there, 280 ; mil. 

affairs, 263, 267, 38, 188 ; its sarg.-may., x86. See also Alingay, and Alinguey. 
Ariosolo, Pedro de: commands Acapulco gall., 43, 303; envoy to Batavia, 302, 303. 
Arisiga, Antonio de: bequest for charities, 47, 2x3. 
Aristotle: computes circumference of earth, 1, 202; in Fil. poem, 80, 81. See also 

under Books. 
Arizala: 48, 145. See Martinez. 

Arjona, Juan de, O.P.: life and labors, 33, 196, 37, 138, 43, 29. 
Armano, Angelo, S. J.: life and labors, 13, 19, 1x9, 188, 189, 17, 77, 78; letter to 

provincial, 77. 
Armas, Matias de, O.P. : sketch, 37, 108. 
Armejun, Pedro de, O.P.: sketch, 14, 84. 
Armella, Francisco de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 



Arredondo] INDEX 55 

Armendares ( Armendariz) , Juan de (priest): deposition by, 6, 52; signs memorial, 

229. 
Armendariz: 39, 72. See Diaz de Armendariz. 
Armenians: trade at Manila, 48, 271, 311, 49, 83, 51, *53> 254; reside there, 42, 261, 

44, 29; testify regarding foreign trade at Canton, 45, 38. See also Church, 

Armenian. 
Armenta, Bias de (sec*y of Aud.) : official acts, 39, 228; arrested and banished, 140, 

287. 
Armijo, Capt Jose*: arrives at Manila, 43, 171; ale-may., 39, 191. 
Annus, 34, 139, 175. See Ormuz. 
Arnalte, Joseph : death, 33, 220. 
Arnalte, Capt Miguel de: in a procession, 32, $1. 
Arnao, Thome (Port notary) : official act, 3, 277. 

Arnedo y Eacudero, Gabriel de: superseded in command of gall., 43, 303, 304. 
Arnedo, Jose* Maria (Phil, delegate to Span. Cortes) : 51, 287; petitions presented by, 

289-291. 
Arnedo, Lorenco, O.P. (vicar) : superseded as vicar, 35, 4a 
Arnedo, Pedro de: his encomienda, 8, 125, 126, 34, 309. 
Arney: captured from French, 49, 72. 

Arniellos (Arnillas), Alonso de, O.S.A.: visitor, 43, 211, 239. 
Arocho: 48, 187. See Regis de Aroche. 
Arolo (estuary) : Span, reduce natives on, 9, 84. 
Aromatics: 3, 241, 13, 268, 302. See Perfumes. 
Aroppora, Heronimo: as witness, 10, 288. 
Arostegui y Aguirre, Beatriz: wife of Cruzat y Gongora, 43, 290; death, and funeral, 

312. 
Arostegui, Teresa de: her marriage, 43, 290. 
Arquio: defined, 45, 84. 
Arqueros, Lorenzo (Span, officer) : quells Zambal insurrection, 38, 186-190, 197, 209, 

39, 149 ; fidelity, 38, 192 ; renown, 43, 201. 
Arqueros de Robles, Lucas (sec. priest, son of preceding, and probably brother of 

following, bp. of N. Segovia) : death and successor, 43, 201. 
Arqueros de Robles, Sebastian (acting bp. of N. Segovia) : complaints against, 39, 

149, 150; consults abp., 151, 158; sues Espinosa, 250. 
Arqueta: 4, 193, 195, 202, 206, 2x3, 34, 253, 254. See Asqueta Menchaca. 
Arquiji, Andres Fernandez de: inspects ship register, 44, 15a 
Arracan: Port control, 15, 321. 

Arramburu, Capt Sebastian de: deputy of Misericordia, 47, 77. 
Arras (arrha) : defined, 43, 59. See Marriage. 
Arrazola, — (roy. sec*y) : signs decree, 45, 281. 
Arrechedera (Arechederra), Juan de, O.P.: commissary of Inquisition, 38, 112, 37, 

281, 47, 24; opinion regarding Acapulco trade, 45, 39, 40; pronounces anathema, 

53, 330; becomes gov. ad interim, 47, 233; sends squadron against Mor., 48, 152; 

official acts, 144, 145; suspend roy. decree regarding gall., 47, 236; Jes. hostile to, 

17, 243-249; prevents expulsion of Chin,, 51, 3x1; entertains Ali-Mudin (q. v.) t 

245-248; secures his conversion, 48, 151, 152; controversy with Abp. Sta. Trinidad, 

47, 246, 48, 146, 51, 311; record as gov., 48, 146, 147; reports to king, 47, 248, 

48, 30; death, 161; sketch, 17, 296; cited, 48, 151; styled "Tullius of Manila," 
47» X79; letters to, cited, 246. 

Arredondo Aguero, Pedro de: witness, 37, 35. 



56 the Philippine ISLANDS [Arrevillaga 

Arrevillaga, Thomas de (aarg.-may.) : envoy to Moro sultans, 48, 148. 

Arriaga, Julian de (roy. sec'y): addressed by Viana, 50, 93; by Anda, 189, 19a 

Arriaran (Arrayaran, Arrezun), Amador de (Span, officer) : signs or witnesses docs., 
3, 170, 181, 248, 249, 3«9, 3*«, 3, »7X. S, 307. 

Arrieta, Capt Domingo de: drowned, 15, 230. 

Arrimanao (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Arriola: 35, 311. See Ochoa Arriola. 

Arriola: 39, 175. See CuruzelaeguL 

Arriola: Andres de (Span, naval officer) : services, 4 J, 310, 311; viceroy sends, to Fil- 
ipinas, 45, 64. 

Arriola, Diego, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 

Arriola, Capt Jose": arrives at Manila, 4 J, 226; app. ale-may. of Albay, 39, 191. 

Arroceros, Los (rice-mills) : location, 47, 213; land at, 213. 

Arroyo: 33, 70, 71. See Martin del Arroyo. 

Arroyo, Marzelo del: member of hosp. order, 47, 197, 198. 

Arroyuelo, Marcos de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Amie* (Aru6), Leandro (Rec., bp. of Jaro) : 38, 279; death (1897), 356. 

Arsega, Captain Juan de: directs lading of gall., 10, 266; arrested, 267. 

Arseo, Juan: deputy of Misericordia, 47, 26. 

Arseo Etaminchacha (corrupt form of Asqueta Menchaca, q. v.) : 11, 155. 

Arsinoe (Egypt) : spice-trade with, 27, 89. 

Art: oriental, at Manila, 1, 68; rel. foster, 38, 253; schools of, conducted by friars, 
46, 359, 362; id. estab. by govt, 53, 105; artists, Chin., 13, 229, 13, 235 (carver). 
Sculpture in Manila cathedral, 37, 204; on a tomb, 43, 312; school of, in Manila, 
45, 282, 283, 46, 362; Fil. in, 359. Engraving in sacred pictures, 40, 230; 
school of, in Manila, 45, 282, 283 ; Fil. in, 40, 285, 290, 291, 45, 277, 46, 306, 359, 
48, 31. See Filipinos: esthetic life; Images; Music; Painting and Pictures. 

Artacho, Domingo de (alferez) : secures favor of Chinese, 15, 167, 17a 

Artiaga (Arteaga) Gamboa, Diego de (ensign) : acts as witness, 4, 248, 249, 253, 
272; becomes ill, 279. 

Artieda, Diego de (Span, officer) : despatched from N. Espana to Phil. Is. (1567), 3, 
40, 130; detained there (1568), allowed to return, 51, 52; unstable, 40; witnesses 
docs., 3, 259, 272, 30s, 326. (Author of) Relation of West. Is. (1573), 3, 20, 175, 
190-208, 3x5, 3x6; cited, 40; advises abandonment of Phil., 207; offers to explore 
China, 206. 

Artisans and craftsmen: in general, 3, 243, 6, 152 (Chin., see under Chinese), 201, 16, 
M*> 36, 95i 4*, **9, 43, «i, 46, 55, 47. «o, 266, 275 (idle, through use of ma- 
chinery), 48, 304; schools for training, 45, 302, 46, 359-3$3» 37°; negroes as, 3, 85, 
189, 39, 153, 38, 65; Fil. as, 18, 17, 175, 231, 304, 36, 207, 243, 36, 95. 4<>, 198, 
44, 285, 46, 359, 51, 269 (see also Fil.: Occupations). Engaged in shipbuilding, 18, 
174-177 (enum., with wages), 36, 285, 47, 109-112 (id.). Auger-men, 47, xxo 
(wages). Bakers, 7, 34, 227, 214, 295, 43, 250. Barbers, 3, X90, 14, 133, *©. 237, 38, 
55, 40, 285, 290, 51, X09. Blacksmiths, see below, Metal-workers. Brickmakers 
(Chin.), 7, 34. Butchers (Chin.), 7, 227, 36, 222. Calkers, 3, X33, 7, 5*> *7> *<>» 
xoo, 19, 96, 31, 293, 36, 244, 248, 281, 287, 296, 37, X31, 47, XX9; wages, 14, 354, 
19, 295, 36, 206, 208, 241, 242, 248, 47, xxx, xi2. Carpenters and cabinet- 
makers, Fil., 1, 71, 6, 206, 16, xo6, 114, 18, 182, 183, 19, 295, 33, 251, 36, 206, 
207, 24X, 36, X27, 39, 30 (Mindanaos), 40, 291, 41, 5*, 43, 270, 46, 359 J Chin., 
7, 34, 39, 155, «, ">3, 38, 55; wages, 6, 48, 14, 253, 18, 174, *9, *95, *6, *>6, 



Arzc] 



index 57 



208, 24X, 247, *7, 130, 35, i95t 47, 106, xxx, 1x2; other mention, J, 51, 189, 3. 
in, 133-138, 4> 3*1 6, *o6, 7, 5*, 87, 151. »5*, 8, 308, 16, 173, j6, a8i 9 287, 296, 
34, 67, 3©*, 39, 30, 49, 90- Cooks and confectioners, 7, 34, 38, 65, 47, **4 (»*!•), 
274 (chocolate-makers, wages). Coopers, and their wages, 3, 138, 14, 254, 19, 
295, 26, 207, 217, 242, 243, 47, "o. Divers, 26, 243, 244, 34, 67, x6x, 40, 285, 
293 (wages, 26, 207, 47, 113). Dyers, 51, »55- Flower-makers, 45, 3", 3", 
46, 363. Gardeners (Chin.), 7, 34, 139, 155, 12, 153, 14, 120 (rebellion among). 
Jewelers (FiL), 1, 71, 40, 291. Laundresses, 42, 307 (for parish churches), 45, 
259, 260 (beatas). Lime-burners (Chin.), 7, 34, 12, 153. Locksmiths, 2, 190, 3, 
302. Masons, see Stonemasons, below. Mechanics (mostly Chin.), 136, 6, 16$, 
**9, *7i, 7, 139, «55, 8, *74, M, 1*4, »33, **, *95, 295, *9, 9* (slaves), 125 (con- 
spiracy among), 37, *97, 39, 54, 88, 4©, 285, 291 (FiL), 4a, 251, 43, 81, 44, 14*1 
4^, 359, 5 1 , xx 4* Metal-workers, JO, 58, 35, 301 (Igorrotes), 43, 270 (in 
Mindanao), 48, 300; gold- and silversmiths (Chin, and Malay), 3, 8x, 6, 152, 7, 
34, 226, 34, 386, 39, 30, 40, 285, 50, 103, 247; iron-workers (incl. blacksmiths, 
founders, etc; mostly Chin, and Malays), 1, 71, 2, 189, 194, 3, 139, 302, 3x3, 4, 
223, 6. *5*. aoi, *o6, 301, 7, 34, I5«t *5*, 8, 308, 15, 67, 16, 59, 33 9 57, 39, 
30, 43, »30, 270, 49, 91 (their wages, 6, 48, 18, X75, X76, 19, 294, 296, 26, 207, 
208, 244-248, 37, 131, «3*, 34, 399, 47, "i, i*5)- Miners, 3, 203 (wages), 19, 
241, JO, 263, 276 (Igorrot; also 37, 249, 250), 41, 242 (Chin.), 51, 78. Needle- 
workers and embroiderers (Span., FiL, and Chin.), 7, 226, 13, 235, 15, 295, 16, 
77, 79, 17, 56, 99, 19, 307, 36, 41, 4*. 4<>, 170, 205, 230, 285, 290, 329, 330, 42, 
305-308, 44, "8, 119, *68, 45, 258-26X, 3x1, 312, 46, 97, 120, 123, X24, 354, 363, 
51, 271. Oarmakers, J, 193, 18, 130. Painters, 7, 34, 47, xxx (wages). Potters, 
Korean, in Japan, 3 J, 89. Riggers, 16, 173. Ropemakers, and their wages, J, 
190, 3, 138, 14, 256, *8, 177, *<*, *44, *7, 130, 47, «o, xxx. Sawyers, J, X89, 3, 
139, 12, 153 (wages, 26, 208, 247, 47, xxx). Shipbuilders (incl. the artisans and 
their overseers; see also Carpenters, above), J, 194, 242, 3, 133, 302, 4, 77, 6, 202, 
14, 253, 15, 202, 204, 251-253, 16, xo6, X07 (FiL), 279, 280, 306, 18, 1x7, 231, 
329, 19, X25 (conspiracy of), 24, X85, 47, 101; wages, 6, 48, 18, 174-177, 26, 
202, 221, 27, 132, 44, 126, 47, xxo. Shoemakers and cobblers, 3, 136, 6, 152, 7, 34 
(Chin.), 46, 354 (FiL), 360. Stonemasons and cutters, 1, 71, 3, 136, 7, 228, 12, 
*53, 16, 3X, 59, 19, 295, 26, X77, 29, X53, 35, *95 (wages), 43, 270, 45, 294, 4*, 
354, 359- Tailors (mostly Chin, and FiL), 3, X36, 6, 152, 7, 34, 13, 235, 31, 189, 
40, 285, 290, 43, 270, 46, 354. Tilers, 47, 125 (wages). Toolgrinders, ixo 
(wages). Watchmakers, 40, 285 (FiL). Weavers (FiL, save 7, 34, Chin.), 1, 
7X, 2, xxo, 3, 171, 203, 270, 4, 98, 184, 5, 43, 45, 73, *45, "3, 224, 8, 81, 
84, 85, 88-93, 273, 279, 9, 64, IO, 81, II, 94, I J, 230, 13, 192, 16, 43, 79, 106, 
29, 290, 35, 303, 40, 205, 279 (spinners), 299. Woodcutters, 17, 79, 18, 3*5, 
3x6, 19, 72, *8, 249, 38, X43 (mutiny by), 40, 209, 47, 292 (wages, 18, 174, 44, 
126, 47, xxx, 1x9). See also Workmen. 

Artosa, Pedro Enriquez de: merits promotion, 25, 3x9. 

Arzadun y Rebolledo, Joseph Ignacio (oidor) : visits provinces, 46, 58, 59; ruling 
on tributes, 50, 98; allows exemptions, 100; reduces hostile savages, 48, 129; 
sends troops to Ituy, 176; signs doc, 35. 

Arzaga (Alzaga, Arziaga), Antolin de, O.S.A.: miss'y labors in Central Luzon, 48, 
6x-66, 70. 

Arzc. Sec also Arce. 

Arze (Arce), — (at Madrid?) ; his influence asked for by Santisteban, 44, 2x9, 224. 



58 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Arze 

Arze, Antonio de (regidor) : witness, ai, i6x. 

Arze, Capt Juan de: circumnavigates Luzon, 34, 376; founds N. Caceres, 386. 

Asaldegui, 37, 141. See Lopez de Asaldegui. 

Ascarza, Martin de: roy. corrector-gen., 43, 242. 

Ascension, Antonio de la (Carm.) : diary, 14, 184. 

Ascension, Francisco de la (Rec) : miss'y to Phil., 41, 201. 

Ascension, Juan Chrisostomo de la (Rec): joins Phil, miss., 41, 203; shipwrecked, 
J 1, 147, 148, 277, 278 ; estab. convent, 193, 298. 

Ascension, Martin de la, O.S.F.: martyr in Japan, 15, 124; letter to Morga, 124, 125. 

Ascension, Martin de la (Rec) : martyr in Calamianes, *8, 323. 

Ascueta (Ascoeta, Ascueta). See Azcueta Menchaca. 

Asencion, Bernardo de [la], O.S.F.: as witness, 10, 287. 

Asequera: 4, 247, 249, 252, 253. See Brizefio de Oseguera. 

Asia: connected with Phil., ji, 311; its sources of wealth, 16, 288; nations warlike, 
15, 38; reports from, in Madrid, 35, 3x9; Port, discoverers in, 36, 198; Port 
settlement, 15, 42; Span, in, 8, 266; Dutch fleet sent to, 11, 167; Brit in, 49, 70, 
74 ; see names of all these nations, and of countries in Asia ; also Commerce. 

Asiatics: why addicted to trading, 48, 184; less shrewd than Europeans, 47, 240; 
reside in Cavite, ji, 183; in Manila, 44, 29; sing, in reading poetry, 40, 246. 

Asin (brother of Alimudin) : arrested, and sent to Manila, 48, 160, x6x. 

Asiping (miss, of Dom.) : status, 17, 212. 

Asluman: as encomienda, assigned, 34, 306. 

Asqueo (Java) : Dutch at, 27, xo8. 

Asqueta Menchaca. See Azqueta Menchaca. 

Assagai: Kaffir weapon, J, 267. 

Assessments: on mestizos, 46, 59, 60; on native villages, 5, 190 (see Repartimiento). 

Assumpcion. See also Asumpcion and Asuncion. 

Assumpcion, Benito de la (Rec.) : his work in Masbate, 41, 226-228. 

Assumpcion, Joseph de la (Rec) : protest by, 41, 171. 

Asti, Juan Baptista de, O.S.A. (gen. of order) : yields to Reform movement in order, 
31, 1 6a 

Astigarribia, Francisco de (Span, pilot) : cited, J, 131. 

Astina, Antonio de: commands ships, 42, 271, 285, 290; admiral, 28a 

Astorga (in Mindanao) : Bagobo reduction, 43, 233, 243. 

Astrakan: persecution of Catholics in, 23, 262. 

Astrolabe: a new one invented by Rios Coronel, 9, 301, 302, 3x2; other mention, 34, 
159, 38, 265. 

Astrologers: in demarcation controversy (see also Astronomers), I, 131-134, 141, 160, 
2x4, 2x7-221, 228, 3, 124; on ships, 1, 124, 37, 227; Tidoran ruler an, 1, 333; 
Chin, foretell events, 3, 42; Span. eccl. as, 3, 208, 9, 299, 33, 124, 30, 268 
(science taught by Cobo). 

Astronomy— 

In general: taught in Salamanca, 8, 164; old methods, 5 J, 325. Observatories, 
Le Gentil's, at Manila, 51, 99; Jes., at Manila (see under Manila); Ladd, 5 J, 
325; Texas, 18, 227; Washburn, 42, 197. Astronomers (see also Astrologers, and 
Mathematicians) - Kino, 42, 197; Royer, 33, 320; Picard, 42, 196; Le Gentil 
(q. v.); Benedict, 18, 227; Flint, 42, 197; Upton, 5 J, 325; Algue* (q. v.). Sun, 
in reckoning longitude, 1, 185, 5 J, 325; worshiped by savages, 28, 302; eclipses, 
2*> 303, 309, 43, 262; superstition regarding these, 48, xxo (see also Moon, below). 



Aucan] INDEX 59 

Stars: longitude and locations determined by, I, 185, 192, 103, 9, 302, 52, 325; 
Fil. do not know names of, 7, 186 ; worship of, 3, 165, 7, 186 ; beliefs regarding, 1, 
333, 1 J, 107; Tag. name for Great Bear, 7, 186, 189; for Pleiades, 186 (for time 
of its rising, 5, 165) ; Southern Cross and "Magellanic clouds," described, 33, 93, 
320; Scorpion, the sign of Manila, 18, 227; other constellations, 42, 196; Spica 
Virginia, 18, 227. Planets, not known to Tagdlogs, 7, 186. Earth, methods of 
measuring, 1, 201-203; arc of meridian determined for this (1671), 42, 196, 197; 
rotation of, on axis, 37, 83. Mercury, magnitude, 42, 196. Moon: method of 
determining position, 32, 325; longitude reckoned by, 1, 185, 192; Japanese sail 
by, 9, 28; year determined from, 4, 53, 5, 65, 7, 189, 190; time reckoned by, 43, 
263, 264; eclipses, 6, 3x0, 15, 1x2, 1x3 (in reckoning longitude, 1, 186, 192); 
superstitions regarding them, 43, 112, 262. Venus, transit of, observed by Le 
Gentil (9. v.), 50, 28. Comets: two in x6x8, described, 18, 224, 227, 44, 27; that 
of x 68o-8x, described, 42, 195 (motion, orbit, and distance from earth, 196, 197) ; 
erroneous idea of their nature, 18, 227; superstition that they portend evil, 2, 152, 
18, 2x6, 19, 66, 32, 64; Tag. name for, 3, 163. Amplitude, denned, x8, 227. 

Asturias, Prince of (appellation of heir apparent to Span, throne) and princess: their 
birthdays celebrated, 46, 93, 1x5, 154, 183, 223. 

Astudillo, Juan de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 

Asuins: reputed as cannibals, where found, 52, 231; see also Cannibals. 

Asumpcion, Pedro de la, O.S.F.: martyred, 32, 71; body venerated, 73. 

Asuncion, Diego de la, O.S.F.: life and writings, 35, 3x1. 

Asuncion, Jerdnima (Gerdnima) de la (O. Poor Clares) : relative of Gov. Vargas, 4 J, 
170; embarks for Phil., 35, 295; founds convent at Manila, 22, 107, 35, 295-298; 
her spiritual director, 309; biographies, 22, 107, 40, 332; canonized, 26, 28; letter 
to Felipe IV (1626), 22, 13, 104-107, 321. 

Asuncion, Mateo de la, O.S.F.: hostility to Salcedo, 37, 28, 29. 

Asututan (ruler of Mindanao) : asks peace from Sande, 4, 242. 

A ta lay an (vill. in Mindanao) : location, and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 

Atambor, Hypolito (Polito, public crier) : proclaims ordinance, 2, 173. 

Atangata (Ataygata, slave of Mindanao ruler) : deposition before Ribera, 4, 270-272. 

Atano (Fil. chief) : Span, reduce, 9, 81. 

Atarrayas (local appellation of Phil, tribe in Luz6n) : habitat, 9, 51. 

Atayde, Tristan de: despatches Pinto to Mindanao, 16, 225. 

Atienza (Atensa) y Banez (Banes, lbanes, Ibanez, Vanez), Francisco de (mil. 
officer): collects pay-check, 26, 190; subdues Malanaos (1639), 29, 161, 162, 273- 
275, 35, 98-104; friendly to Rec "Padre Capitan," 105, 112; goes to relieve fort 
at Lanao, 111-113; appointments conferred on him, 98, 234, 37, 159, 191, 192; 
makes peace with Moros, 159, 160, 168, 41, 297; aids Corralat, 298; in Moluccas, 
3x2; length of his mil. services, 42, 173; retired from service, becomes counselor 
to Bonifaz, 37, 271; a friend of Abp. Pardo, 39, 185, 209; intrigues for him, 231; 
member of Misericordia, 47, 28. 

Atienza, Josl de (sec priest): brother of Francisco, 39, 231; competes for canonry, 
292, 293. 

Atienza, Lucas de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 24, 6o, 71, 85, 153, 154. 

Atimonan (vill.) ; location, a8, 285; admin, by Fran., 157, 168, 36, 2x7. 

Atindao (Igorot vill.) : hostilities with other vill., 20, 276. 

Atkinson, Dr. Fred (supt. of education) : organizes schools, $2, 125. 

Aucan, Juan (Chin.) : pays Chin, licenses, 26, 173. 



60 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Aucheo 

Aucheo (China) : viceroy of, sends Spaniards back to Manila, 6, 123. 

Auction, sales at public: of crown goods, must be for cash, 1 1, 10, 30, 31; managed 
by roy. officials, 5, 294; of prisoner's property, 5, 370; roy., of slaves, 39, 138; oi 
goods, to meet legal claims, 11, 314, 52, 298; of offices, 7, 114, 33, 71, 34, 312, 
37, 48, 39, 83, 50, 103; of jewels, 39, 298; of galleon, 48, 188; of land, 53, 303; 
of contract for operating iron mine, 50, 107, 108 (see also Monopolies) ; industrial 
auctions recommended, xix, 112; various mention, 6, 295, 31$, 37, 43, 44, 39, 2829 
298, 299, 46, 249, 47, *75. *99- 

Audiencias, Span, tribunal of justice, combining legislative, executive, and legal 
functions: conduct residencias of officials, 17, 39; may be continued in one oidor, 
49, 133; may succeed to govt, 135; apptmts. in, 192; law procedures in, 192, 193; 
extent of juris., 193; inventories sent to, 50, 226, 227; first associated with gov. 
(1527), 51, 2x9; reorganization decreed (1812), 283. In Spain - Granada, 5, 275, 
276; Madrid (estab., 1834), 43, 271; Valladolid, 1, X74, 5, 274-276, 285, 292, 302, 
306. In Span. Amer.-in Indies, 5, 275; Nueva Espafia (Mex.), 3, 51, 175, 183- 
*95» 327-329, 3, «7. "8, "9, X79, 187, 2x7, 2x8, 241. 278, 3°4» 3°7, 3«t 4, i7» 
220, 3*0-312, 7, 12, 8, 3*3-3x6, 9, 253, II, 33» 75i *3, 234, 14, xox, 15, 39, 17, 
X33, 18 X27, 319, 19, 273, 33, 127, *5, 30, 53, 15. *6; Charcas, 45, 22x; Panama, 
48, 335; Quito, 15, 35; Los Reyes, 17, 44; Lima, 49, 192. In Phil, (see Phil- 
ippines: Audiencia). See also Legal, and Officials: oidors. 

Auditor (member of an audiencia). See under Offices and officials: oidors. 

Augustin, Basilio (gov.): attitude toward Paterno, 53, 154; money transferred to, 
198; sketch, 17, 3x2. 

Augustin de Contreras, Jhoan (Joan, official in Mexico) : attests doc, 1, 1x7, xx8. 

Aucustinians — 

In general: Recollect branch of this ord., and relations with parent body, 14, 
x68, 17, 85, *i» «2, XX9, X59, x6o, X84, X9X, 264, 289, 34, 52, 3«, 207, 44, HSJ 
observantines, as distinguished from Rec, 31, 271, 280, 295, 38, 3x2, 340, 35, 84, 
36, 152, 41, 127; rule of alternativa in offices, 36, xx8, 38, 21-40 (extended to 
Phil, prov., 30), 39, 28, X05, 272, 30, 22, 27, 43, 185-188; method of elections, 13, 
294, 37, 2x4, 43, 130, 131, 189 (compromissum) ; constitutions, rules, etc, 33, 285, 
286, 287, 289, 34, 3*-33, 35, 38, 39, 49t 52, 68, 77, 90, X35, 42, 130, X44; investiture, 
*4> 47, 57, 58, xo6, 167; omnimodo ecc authority conferred on, in Indias, 16, 153; 
tertiary order, 31, 165, 43, 120, 45, 261, 46, 268 (mantelatas) , 363, 48, 179 
(discalced women) ; gen. chapters, 15, 221, 255, 33, 208, 287, 34, 58, 34, 4x9, 420, 
425, 426, 37, 166, 43, 189 (voters in), 240. 

Officers -gen. of ord., 9, xxx, 13, 247, 293, 34, 4*7*420, 423, 425, 426, 4*, 188, 
44, X45; of gen. chapter, 34, 32, 78 (discreto) ; vicar-gen., 40, 4X, 34, 4*6, 4x8- 
421; visitor-gen., 34, 50, 59, 67, 34, 436. Archives (see under Archives and 
Libraries). 

Provinces: independence, 34, 423, 424; admin., 423; no. of offices in each, 43, 
163 (in Phil, prov., 38, 36) ; Castilla, 34, 422-426, 37, 226, 227; of Indies, 34, 421, 
423-426 (not subject to Castilla) ; Mexico, 426, 36, 2x0, 37, 179, 189; Mechoacan, 
179, 223; S. Nombre de Jesus (Mex.), 2x0; Peru, 9, xo8, 109, 34, 421; Siena, 42a 
Officials - provin., 1, 57, 3, 52, 4, xo8, 13, 24, 25, 18, 82-89 (murdered), 31, 46, 
47, xo4, 297, 33, 73, 33, X97, 208, 227, 275, 276, 287, 34, 52, 74, 75 (absolute 
provin.), 79, 94, xx2, X13, X24, X30, X33 (qualif.), 135, 179 (no.), 227, 35, 2x6, 36, 
xoo, 38, 32, 227, 228, 34, 270, 424, 37, *8o, 38, 76, 77, 40, 2x5, 43, X30, xsx, 
268, 283 (complaint of arrogance and arbitrary measures of Span, provin., 34, 
4x6-424) ; commissaries, 9, 95, 38, 196; definitors, 18, 86-89, 33, 280, 34, 41, 43, 



Augustinians] INDEX 61 

59, *«» 74, 75, 9*» X35» *8, 228, 34, 4x5-4x7, 37, x86, 189; aditos (substitute defin.), 
34, 68; discreets (discretes) , 74, 37, 150, 166, 4 J, 189, 190; provin. chronicler, 
34, 85, 35, 15*; procurators-gen., 34, 74, *6, «77, 37, 156, 165, 166, 223, 224, 237; 
cimwnisiiary-procuratora, 150, 186, 2x5, 2x9; procurators, 34, 47, 166, 28, 27, 37, 
34, 420, 4M, 37, 179, 238, 38, 7*, 77, 4*, 14* J priors-gen., 34, 4*6, 39, 1345 
priors, 33, 263, 278, 290, 34, 7*, 74, 99, XX3, 34, 4x9; vicars, 34, 66, 74, 42, 194 5 
visitors, 33, 287, 34, 74, 34, 421 ; readers, 34, 123, 128-130, 132, 147, 174, 35, 
152, 4^, 296, »97; choristers, 34, 148, *49, 37, 258. 

Province of Filipinos (called Santisimo Nombre de Jesus) : Phil, branch estab., 
3, 161-168 (warrant for this), 332; first rel. ord. in Phil., 6, 90, 9, xo6, 10, x8x, 
l«, 58, *5, 151, *8, ">7, 130, 131, 165, 201, 226, 34, 3x8, 36, 208, 2x0, 41, x6x, 
162, 166; early organiz., extent, jurisd., and govt of prov., 33, 208, 209, 272, 273, 
34, «5, 105, 284, 4«, 293; condition, II, 307, 13, 295, 296, 301, 34, 4*8-4*3; need 
of inspection and reforms, 7, 72, 1 3, 1x9, 13, 299, 300, 305, 34, 52, 39, 105 (these 
secured, 13, 296, 305, 33, 112, 1x3, 34, 95, xox, 43, 293) ; controversy over appli- 
cation of altemativa rule to Creole members in prov., 13, 293-299, 34, 158, 159, 
36, xx8, 119, 38, 27-32, 35-39, 43, 185-188; a provin. murdered by conspirators, 
24, 67, 90, 91, 94; other disturbances, 135, 136, 38, 2x6, 43, 127, 143; in siege of 
Manila, 49, 163, 168, 191, 221, 306, 345; estates, 1, 85, 8, 45, 56, 58 (allowed by 
ord. to its miss's), 13, X09, 120, 17, 3™, *3, l6o > 44, "4, 4», 29, 37, 5<>, X54; 
okras fiaSy 38, 199, 47, 208 ; provin. chapters, 33, 96, 33, 2x3, 242, 248, 258-264, 
275-277, 280-297, 34, 29-38, 41, 42, 48, 49, 65-68, 72-78, 88-90, 99-x°x (extra 
session), xo8, X09, 1x3, 125-127, X3X-X34, X57-X59, 227, 35, X57, X58, 38, 30, 39, 
263, 264, 372, 36, X53, 37, 60, X49, X55, X56, X64-X66, X72, X78, X79, X85, x86, 2x4, 
2x5, 2x8, 2x9, 22X-223, 236-238, 254, 255, 43, X28-X32, 144-X46, X62, X63, X88-X90, 
2x0, 2xx, 239, 240, 283, 284, 294, 46, 288, 289, 308; id., intermediate, 33, 287, 34, 
47, 68. 7a-76, xxo, 41, 2x3, 43, 293; history, 33, X19-227, 299, 34, 29-X79, 39, 259- 
276, 34, 4X4-427, 37, X49-284 (map, 147), 307, 43, 1x7-3x3, 48, 59-X23; archives 
(see Archives and libraries) ; various mention, 13, 181, 248, 304, 19, 63, 30, 84, 
33, X89, xoo, 226, 232, 273, 291, 34, 42, 95, X34, X58, 36, X25, 39, 182, 251, 34, 
229, 230, 246, 36, 152, 37, 283, 39, X38, 43, X79, 24X, 46, 363 (losses in revolt 
1898), 50, 3x9, 32X. 

Relations with govt,, natives, etc.: with roy. govt (mainly as its beneficiaries, 
or as complaining to king), 3, X40, 4, 141, 5, 23, 9, 105, 107, 13, 140, 13, 296-298, 
14, 3X-34, 260, 262, 17, 185, 236, 19, 181, 182, 33, 48, 33, 208, 271-274, 34, 58, 

59, X59, 25X, 252, 35, 100, 101, 103, 37, 124, 125, 34, 273-284, 47, X48, 50, 42, 5*, 
227 (in memorial of 1898) ; envoys sent to Spain, 3, 52, 16, 296, 33, 272, 34, 43, 

60, 130, 34, 273, 327; procurators there, 34, 101, 109, 167, 39, 264, 37, 166, 231, 
238. With sec. authorities of colony (often in opposition), 1, 33, 34, 3, 24, 4, 49, 
X17, 8, 44, 45, 60, 10, X89, 11, 308, 13, 248, 249, 16, 73, X36, 18, X54, 158, X59, 

19, l6o, 33, l6o, X6l, 33, XO5, 22X, 222, 236-239, 35, 205, 206, 266, 36, 60, 89, XI9, 

X2Q, 263, 38, 227-230, 34, 30X, 37, 60, 181, X82, 238, 43, 126-132, 171, 229, 232, 
295, 44, X56, 49, X52, 177, 224, 225, 253, 298, 306, 51, 31. With dioc authorities 
(often in opposition), 7, 130, 131, 214, 8, 52, 163, 280, 10, 189, 14, 34, 15, 58, 
17, 235, 286, 31, 35, 34, X26 r 251, 252, 36, 63, 94, 37, 29, 38, 23-25, 192, 201, 
270, 28X, 31, 51, 34, 433, 37, 203, 39, X43, x8i, 186, 2x0, 40, 22-24, 4*, X77, 237, 
293, 294, 50, 31, 51, 299. With other rel. ord., 13, 192, 248, 276-278, 30, 89, 33, 
2xx, 227, 228, 232, 233, 34, 45, 35, 219, 36, 119, 38, X47, 150, 151, 166, 168, 201, 
3x4, 33, 282, 34, 3x8, 37, X78, X79, 39, X32-X34, X37-X43, 234, 241, 4a, 266, 44, 
105, XX4-XX7, 47, 2ox, 49, 244, 52, X05. With natives, 3, xi2, 3, 279, 13, 118-X20, 



62 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Augustinians 

AuGUfliNiANS (continued) — 

14, 167, 17, 235, 18, 154, 24* 49, *6, x*o, J9, *82, 34, 301, 40, 7*1 43, 104, 46, 
362; opinion rdg. collec. of trib., 3, 279, 7, 3x2-314, 8, 156, 157; id. 9 on war with 
Zambals, 199-2x7; complaint against Span, conquistadors, 34, 273-281. 

Churches: Manila, 9, 105, 10, X33, 134, 18, 87, a8, X29, 201, 357, 4a, 31*, 44, 
156 (a refuge), 51, 3x5; first in Phil. Is., and used as parish church, 28, X07, 108; 
burned by Limahon, 4, 35, 9, 105 (rebuilt, 4, X17) ; seized by Brit, 4 J, 177, 49, 
222, 250; architecture, 23, 204, 28, 129, 130, 201; views, 23, 205, 34, 6x. Other 
churches and chapels, 8, 99, 12, 122, 14, 168, 28, 130, 357, 31, 187, 259, 42, 152, 
47, 138. Worship in Spain and Phil, compared, 24, 49. 

Convents: estab. in Phil. Is., 6, 147, 148, 9, xxx, 33, 240, 242, 42, 126; no. 
therein, and in the various prov., 3, 300, 7, 32, 36-40, 43, 47, 8, xo8, 9, 97, 103, 
X04, xxx, 10, x8x, 273, 16, X5X, 17, X89-200, ao, 229, 230, 234, 235, ai, 268, M t 
85, 86, 33, 122, X64, 2xx, 2x4-2x9, a4, xxs, a8, X29-X3X, 150, X52, X54, X58, 159, 
165-X67, 208, 209, 357, 34, 380, 391, 36, 2x0, 2x3, 37, 67; admin., 24, 63, 72, X40; 
votes, 33, 288, 24, 74, 75; destroyed by fire or earthquake, 23 f 278, 294, 34, 1x9, 
154, 155; various mention, JO, 240 (confrat. in), 23, 228, 24, 81-83, 137, a 6, 36, 

37, 37, 198. 

In Manila - importance, 30, 165, 36, 100, 2x0; descrip., 16, 140, 23 t 204, 207, 
34, 63 ; views, 23, 205, 24, front. ; roy. grants, and incomes, aa, 43, 48, 23, 284, 
a4, 128, as, xoo, xoi, 47, *35, *36; no. of rel. in, 7, 32, 8, 97, 9, 108, **, 130, 

36, 2x0; burned, 6, 74, 9, 107; injured by earthquake, a8, 201, 35, 223; rebuilt, 

37, 178, 4a, 126; seized by Brit, 49, 221, 222, 298, 345; interments in, 15, 52, 59, 
16, 62, as, 202 (cemetery), 37, 154, 4a, 280; charities, aa, x6x, a4, 59, a8, 128, 
188; archives, 46, 287, 288; a refuge, 16, 294, ai, 80, 44, 148, 161; various 
mention, 1, 39, 3, 259, 300, 5, 83, 7, "7, "8, 8, 40, 97, 98, 2x7, 9, 91, 95, X04- 
xo8, 3x0, ia, 141, 14, 260, 16, 73, 17, X2x, 18, 82, 88, X03, ao, 228, a3, 189, 
22X, 275, 278, 284, 285, 288, a4, 32, 39, 49, 50, 54, 64, 67, 7X, 73, 78, 80, 95, 
no, 128, 152, 157, X64, 202, 2xx, 249, a6, 35-37, 87, a8, 39, 40, 129, X30, 165, 357, 
a9, 272, 305, 34, 3*7, 35, 320, 36, 90, 247, 37, 150, X56, X85, x86, X98, 2x5, 2x9, 
222-226, 23X, 237, 245, 246, 250, 254, 260, 26X, 265, 38, 44, 4^, X2X, 128, X29, X3X, 
X62, 177, 43, X03, 44, "4, "5, *9*, 4», *9, 3*, 51, 96, 168, 3x4. At Cebu -Santo 
Nino, a, X2x, 3, 3<». 7, 43, 9, 102, ia, 276, 277, 16, X48, ai, X93, 23, X22, 159, 
169, X70, 295, a4, X30, X36, (destroyed by fire, X45, X46, X54, 170; rebuilt, X49), 
x6o, a8, X50, x66, X77, 208, 34, 390, 36, 100, 37, *49, **S, 166, 198, 2x9, 223, 42, 
129, 131, 211; S. Nicolas (in Cebu el Viejo; for the natives), 24, xoo, a8, 150, 166. 
In N. Segovia, 8, xo8, 9, 2x6; Ot6n, 3, 300, ia, 295, 16, X49, a3, 2x8, 37, X49; 
Tondo, 3, 300, 7, X30, 8, xoo, 13, 302, 34, 3*5, 37, 186, 48, 55, »9», 49, 178; 
(see also names of various other towns). N. S. de Guadalupe, 23 f 2x2, 2x3, 279, 
a8, X30, 37, 156, i66 t 198, 215, 2x9, 223, 226, 231, 259, 275, 44, 155, 47, 138; 
N. S. de Guia (ceded to bp.), 33, 281. 

In Mexico - Culhuacan, a, 19, x68, 332; Mechoacan, 48, 89; Mexico, a, 78, 36, 
2x0, 4a, 190; Puebla, ai, 1x9, 34, 39; Totonilco, a, 59. 

In Spain - Agreda, 24, 67; Alcira, 4a, 297; Badaya, 37, 226, 227, 231, 4a, 189; 
Barcelona, 50, 58 ; Burgos, a4, 80, 140, 34, 327, 37, 165, 222, 23X, 232, 260, 4a, 
162, 298, 48, 78; Cadiz, xx8; Carcar, 23, 261; Casarrubias, 14, 69; Castilla la 
Vieja, 37, 165; Ciudad Rodrigo, 4a, 202; (Santiago de) Compostela, 296, 48, 76; 
C6rdoba, a4, 39, 40, 127; Epila, 4a, 299, 300; Escorial, 3, 108; Jativa, 4a, 299; 
Madrid (S. Felipe el Real), 23, 185, 24, 120, 34, 4x6, 37, 152, 156, 163, 186, 2x9, 



Augustinians] INDEX 63 

225, 226, 232, 4*» 145. *92, «93, 24X, 296, 298, 48, i", Ji» 303; N. S. del Risco, 
43, 143; Osuna, 37, 166; Pamplona, 165, 48, 86; Salamanca, 15, 255, 31, 132, 
34, 67, 68, 77, 34, 3*6, 421, 37, 152, 178, 186, 214, 219, 226, 231, 254, 4a, 162, 
298, 48, 76, 78, in; Seo de Urgel, 51, 315; Sevilla, 37, 223, 4a, 299; Toledo, 
37, 215, 48, in; Toro, 38, 182; Valencia, 4a, 296; Valladolid, 34, 327, 37, 150, 
254, 43, 162, 298, 43, 103, 48, 90, 49, 3455 Vinaroz, 4a, 299; Zaragoza, 296-298; 
worahip in, 24, 49. 

Elsewhere - Indiaa, 34, 421, 424; Lima, 33, 226, 37, 237; Japan, 12, 137; Sienna, 
4a, 293; Portugal, 34, X56, 43, 214. 

Other institutions: colleges, list of those in Spain, 28, 357; Valladolid (Colegio 
de Agustinos Filipinos), collections and library, 1, 15, 17, 3, 9, 3, 13, 35, 37, 227, 
40, 278, 43, 113, -47, 177, 50, 297, 53, 59, 53, 33 J Villanova (U. S.), I, 15 («** 
under Archives, Education, and Middleton, Rev. T. C). College at Iloilo, 46, 
344, 348; industrial school in Guadalupe convent, 362. Novitiates in Spain, 37, 
227. Hospice (S. Tomas de Villanueva) at Mexico, 37, 166, 4a, 177, 226, 279; 
orphan asylums in Phil., 28, 357, 46, 363 ; infirmary at Manila, 9, 108, 32, 162, 
*4» 49, 50, 95, *28. (See also, below, their work as educators). 

Its members and their work: character, traits, and reputation, 1, 33, 34, 3, 259, 

300, 8, 60, 9, xo6, 13, 248, 295, 296, 16, 313, 17, 235, 18; 82, 89, 33, 72, 73, 
112, 214, 37, 83, 86, 88, 100, 109, 38, 230, 32, 165, 34, 43*, 37, «79, 38, 144, «97» 
212, 215, 4^, 188; poverty, 7, 117, 34, 4*x, 4*4J dutie9 » 8 , 217, 31, 31, 32. 

Preachers, confessors, chaplains, etc, 3, 300, 8, 217 (commis. of Inquis.), 9, 153 
(bp.), 14, 72, 17, "8, 19, »79» 280, ao, 246, *3, 2 9°» *4, 40, 54, 7°, 85, 9«"93, X09, 
121-130, i47-«49, 154, 1*4, *5», 254, *5, 15a, *6, 126, 37, 298, *8, 35, 36, 39, 34, 

301, 33, 246, 268, 37, 165, 166, 179, 208-210, 214, 222, 231, 232, 245, 260, 39, 140, 
4J, 296-298; writers and orators, 15, 255, 34, 40, 43, 77, 85, "i, «4°, »48, *5, 152, 
153, ^9, 265, 266, 34, 327, 37, 163, 165, 166, 185, 223, 237, 46, 289; linguists, 3, 
284, 6, 86, 88, 91, 129, 11, 206, 13, 235, 33, 121, 180, 189, 202, 216, 257, 262, 284, 
*4, 30, 32, 4*» 54, 55, 64, 67, 69, 71, 78, 101, 112, 124, 130, 173, 252, 38, 39, 
*9, 265, 34, 3*7, 37, *5$, 166, 178, 179, 185, 186, 208-210, 214, 219, 222, 224, 231, 
232, 237, 245, 283, 4a, 192, 293; in other activities, 8, 199-218, 9, 108, 310, 313, 
33, 129, 204, 34, 9», *9, 2 3 x > 2 32 (mil.), 34, 4*5, 4*, 201 (a viceroy), 51, 69. 

In education, 8, 217, 9, 108, 19, 66, 33, 162, 33, 203 (maintain school in con- 
vent), 213, 226, 285, 289, 34, 148, *8, 35, 39, 34, 420, 37, 156, 163, 165, 185, 208, 
214, 219, 222, 237, 245, 45, X65, 46, 287-291, 308, 334, 358; schools and colleges 
(see above) ; teach in common schools, 46, 100, 48, 52-58; (nuns) supervise normal 
school, 46, 160-163, 209, 210, 232; direct concil. seminary, 38, 357, 45, 230, 232; 
id\, trade school, 53, 174. 

No. of members in islands: 1, 40, 3, 277, 278, 7, 32, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43, 44, 258, 
8, 44, 140, 156, 9, 97, 98, 102-104, 108, 120, 10, 181, 273, 17, 189-200, 30, 229, 
230, 234, 33, 85, 86, 38, 154, 357, 37, 150, 47, 143-145, X48, 150; too few for the 
6eld, 4, 308, 6, 77, 245, 321, 7, 43, 9, 79, 105-110, 328, 13, 141, 13, 302, 303, 30, 
92, 34, 102, 128, 251, 37, 179, X98, 204, 207, 217, 226, 231, 238, 255, 4a, 146, 162, 
176, 190, 310; reinforcements arrive, 3, 151, 280, 4, 316, 5, 241, 8, 53, 217, 9, in, 
13, 123, 15, 255, 18, 53, 33, 190, 191, 2ox, 202, 225, 226, 249, 258, 34, 47, 49, 52, 
57, 58, 63, 69, 76, 91-93, X2X-I23, 128-131, 147-149, *5, 158, 36, X19, 34, 327, 35, 
"8, 37, 152, 160-164, 207-2x0, 217, 222, 231, 238, 255-258, 278, 38, 98, 43, 129, 
146, 175, 188, 189, 190, 191, 202, 229, 238, 24X, 295-300, 309, 43, 69; accompany 
aped., 1, 32, 3, 14-17, 33, 58, 59, 89, 91, 103, 3, 52, 69, 13, 179, 14, 32-34, 3©9, 



64 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Augustinians 

Augustinians (continued) — 

310, 15, 45» *<*> «5<>, *7, a^4, 46, 300; l*y brothers, 7, 3a, 18, 87, 89; various 
mention, 3, 105, 118, 3, 52, 8, 7, 215, 217, 9, 95, 106, in, IO, 181, 273, 13, 266, 
13, 248, 292, 302, 14, 34, 17, *35, 18, 87-89, ao, 59, 31, 49, 33, 121, 185, 34, 3«i 
47, 58, 74, *<», 104, 116, 131, 140, 148, 166, 35, 151, *8» 35, 3* (mestizos; alio 
Jip.), 39, 155, **5 (attack Chin, insurgents), 30, 306, 34, 3«*» 35, *7°> 37, **, 
205, 214, 217, 221, 230, 38, 207, 41, 161 (in Phil., 1543), 49, I5» (prisoners of 
Brit), x6x, 163, 221-225. 

Aumada, Capt — : services in Manila, 39, 255. 

Aufion, Pedro de, S.J.: in Bohol, 36, 55. 

Aurungzebe (Mogul emperor) : hostilities between, and East India Company, 45, 52. 

Australasia: inhabitants of, resemble Negritos, 51, 84; mortuary custom in, 82; to- 
bacco market, 17, 334. 

Australia: effects of colonization in, I, 36; migration to, 53, 88. 

Austria: furnishes rulers to Spain, 1, 352, 353; to Portugal, 356; commL agents of 
Dutch in, 18, 163. See also Juan de Austria. 

Ava: mortuary customs, 34, 17a 

Avalos (Aba lot), Diego de, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 34, 92; escapes shipwreck, 
140, 141. 

Avalos (Abalos), Hernando de: his encomienda, 8, 1x7; causes death of many peace- 
ful Chinese, 16, 42. 

Avalos (Abalos, Avalo), Melchoir (or Melchor) de (oidor): arrives at Manila, 6, 
54, 15, 60; his daughter killed, 7, 126; recounts services, 6, 55-57, 62; poor health, 
7, 133; signs docs., 6, 229, 263, 321 (erroneously Avila) ; death, 7, 209; letter to 
Felipe II (1584), 6, 14, 15, 54-65, 3*4- 

Avalos, Pablo de (cura) : sketch, 35, 3x1, 3x2. 

Avalos y Vargas, Capt Hernando de: a witness, 31, x6x. 

Avays: 13, 155, 157. See Anhays. 

Avellaneda, Bernardino de: gives information of smuggling, 13, 47. 

Avellaneda, Capt Pedro de: captures Dutch ships, 17, 145. 

Avendano, Capt Pedro de: arrives at Manila, 43, 226. 

Aviador: defined, 37, 202. 

Avila. See also D avila. 

Avila (Spain) : religious foundations in, 14, 84, 51, 148; Dom. convent in, 53, 33. 

Avila, Bernardino de: member of Manila cabildo, 11, 250; signs memorial, 6, 23a 

Avila, Francisco de, 8, 129, 13, 24, 285, 286. See Rodriguez de Avila, Francisco. 

Avila (Davila), Capt Hernando de: appointed treas. of roy. exchequer, 1 1, 101; 
praised by Garcia, 226; member of Manila cabildo, 25a 

Avila, Jorge de, O.S.A.: miss'y to Mexico, 34, 423. 

Avila (Davila), Juan de: acts as witness, 4, 274, 275, 280, 299, 301. 

Avila (Davila), Juan de, S.J.: in Carigara, 36, 55; introd. cult of cacao, 30, 198, 
47, 219; sketch, 2x9. 

Avila, Margarita Luysa de: founds obra pia, 47, 2x5. 

Avila, Capt Mateo de: gala costume described, 33, 57. 

Avila, Pedro de, O.S.F. (martyr) : sketch, 30, 26. 

Avila Fuertes, Alonso de, 17, 293. See Abella Fuertes. 

Aviles, A.: petition to governor, 46, 22, 2x6. 

Avina, — , S.J.: arrested, 44, 192; formerly oidor, 192. 

Aviz: house of, on Port throne, 1, 355, 356. 

Awa (Chin, name, BoshiQ, q. v. 9 prov. in Japan) : location, 18, 240. 



Azcueta] index 65 

Axui (Axuy an encomienda): 7, 270; partially roy., 8, 133; status (1591), 133, 134. 

Ay Pagu, Capt: commands Chin, ship, 14, 19a 

Aya, Lnys de la: complaint against, 34, 28a 

Ayala, Diego de, S.J.: defies abp., 39, 137; arrested and deprived of charge, 138, 143. 

Ayala, Fernando de (sarg.-may.) : encounter with Dutch, 19, 91 ; envoy to Japan, 
34, 171; castellan of Ft Santiago, 35, 286, 39, 255; other information, 19, 99, 
33, 53, 36, 175, 37, 334. 30, 144* 37. i*3- 

Ayala, Francisco de (sarg.-may.) : a witness, 31, x6x. 

Ayala, Gaspar de (roy. fiscal) : reaches Manila, 6, 54, 15, 60; recommended as gov., 
6, 27, 273; petition regarding tribute, 7, 121; defends roy. jurisdiction, 129; con- 
troversy wjth'Dasmarifias, 1x9; asks for another appointment, 1x9, xao, 209; official 
acts, 6, 229, 7, 73, 127, 128, 13 3; loses his office in suppression of AucL (1590), 
2x0; sends mdse. to N. Espana (1591), 8, 255; letter to Felipe II (1589), 7, 14, 
77, 1x2-136, 320; others, cited, 1x3, 122, 126, 209. 

Ayala, Lorencp de: succeeds Laso, 37, 300, 301. 

Ayamonte, Alf. Domingo de: deposition, 36, 7$. 

Ayangan: Apayaos in, 37, 239, 43, 7* 

Ayarra, Francisco (Rec) : provincial, 53, 286. 

Aybar, Magdalena: marriage, 35, 296. 

Aybar (Aibar), Capt Silvestre de: 30, 134; appointed warden of Ft S. Gabriel, 
33, 230; collects pay-check, 36, 182; indebted to exchequer, as treat., 191. 

Aycum, China: location, 3, 226. 

Ayer, Edward E. (book collector) : thanked, 6, 231, 13, 25, 53, 43, 54. See also 
Archives and Libraries: Ayer Collection, and Arco, Ventura, del. 

Ayera, Pedro de, O.S.F.: character, 36, 2x3. 

Ayllon, Capt Melchor de: a witness, 17, 171, 31, x6x. 

Ayonbon (Ayombon) : Chin, insurgents in, 16, 40, 41. See Dumalag. 

Ayora, Juan de: letter from Alfaro (1579), 3?» 65. 

Ayrolo y Flores, Juan de, O.P. (rector) : letter to Santo Tomis Univ., 45, 149. 

Ays (Hiz), Cosme de, O.S.A (definitor) : sketch, 37, 236. 

Aytaos (Chin, officials) : Acuna sends letters to, 16, 44. 

Aytona, Marques de: asks revocation of papal brief, 14, 239. 

Aytuy: inhabitants of, hostile, 30, 276. See Ituy. 

Ayubon (vill. in Luzon) : Sid's exped. to, 14, 292. 

Ayuman, Dato: his kris described, 40, 182. 

Ayumbon (vill. in Pampanga) : 17, 194. 

Ayuntamientos (munic councils) : hospices controlled by, 51, 284. 

Ayuthia (Judea, Juthia, Odia, Yuthia) : ancient capital of Siam, 9, 164, 15, 244; 
history, size, and pop., 33, 139, 53, 333. 

Azambuja (A^ambujar), Capt. Diego de (Port): commandant of Maluco, 6, 275; 
of Tidore, 70; complaint against, 71; writes to Salazar, 5, 248, 249; self-seeking, 
6, 276; asks for reinforcements, 15, 56. 

Azcueta (Axcueta), Adm. Andres de (son of Christoval) : in battle with Dutch 
(1647), 35, 255; efficiency, 260; directs funeral ceremonies for prince, 36, 26. 

Azcueta (Arqueta, Ascoeta, Ascueta, Asqueta, Axcueta, Axqueta, Azqueta) Men- 
chaca, Christoval de (Span, officer): length of residence in islands, 13, 224; in 
Borneo exped. (i579)t 4, *93, *95, 202, 213; deposition by (X584), 6, 52; reward 
commanded for, 7, 150; his encomiendas, xx8, 8, 104 (1591), 13, 225, 314 (1604) ; 
accompanies Tuy exped (1594), 14, 309; directs lading of gal., 10, 266; arrested, 
267; quells Chin, insurrecton (1603), 13, 144, 145, 13, 224, 225, 313, 3x4, 14, 131- 



66 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Azcueta 

Azcueta Mbnchaca, Chjustoval db (continued) — 

134, 16, 35, 41, 42, 294, 31, 188; commended by Acufia (1604), 13, 224, 225; his 
report of conquest of Moluccas (1606), 31, 246-249; pacifies insurgents in N. 
Segovia, 17, 74 (1608), 31, 271 (1607) ; in campaign against Dutch (1609-10), 
17, 103, 104, 108, 116; ransoms Van Caerden, 145; his services, 13, 137, 13, 224, 

225, 33, 239, 241, 35, 255; founds convent, 306; aids in founding Misericordia, 
47, 26; other mention, 4, 206, 9, 122, 232, 136, 11, 140, 155 (name misspelled), 

226, 13, 31, 13, 277, 295, 14, 1x2, 16, 51, 31, 250; envoy to Port viceroy of 
India (1616) , 19, 202, 203; lost at sea, 206, 27, 102; letter to Felipe III (1610) 
cited, 17, 1 8a 

Azcueta (Asqueta, Axqueta) Menchaca, Capt Diego de (son of Christoval) : made 
commander (1628) of gall., 33, 239, 240; mil. services, and salary, 240, 241; pro- 
curator for Manila, qualifications and services, 34, 253, 254. 

Azcueta (Axqueda) Menchaca, Pedro de (son of Christoval) : appointed (1628) alf.- 
roy., services and salary, 22, 239. 

Azebu: 11, 158. Cee Cebu. 

Azevedo. See also Acevedo, and Omen de Azevedo. 

Azevedo Bonal, Gaspar de: commands trading-fleet, 37, 171. 

Azevedo, Geronimo (Port viceroy of India) : aids Spaniards, 18, 164, 165; counsels 
Dasmarinas, 16, 247. 

Azevedo, Manuel, S.J.: describes siege of Malaca by Achenese, 33, 88-90. 

Azevedo, P. A. (Port archivist) : aid from, acknowledged, 1, 17. 

Azpuru [Tomas]: Span, minister, 50, 26. 

Aztina, Gen. Antonio de: removed from office, 39, 300; collusion with Valdivia, 302. 

Azuara, Francisco de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 148. 

Azuleta Menchaca, Christobal. See Azcueta Menchaca Cristobal. 

Baba, Cachil (uncle of Ternatan king) : slain, 10, 6x. 

Baban (vill.) : Spaniards burn, 34, 278. 

Babao: misprint for Ybabao (9. v.), 53, 334. 

Babiyan (Luzon vill.) : Rec. mission in, 36, 174, 41, 132. 

Babayugom (vill.) : Spaniards reduce, 9, 84. 

Babintan, Raia: king of Ciau, 33, 247. 

Babu, Cachil (or Sultan, ruler of Ternate) : vassal of Portugal, 3, 266; persecutes 

Christians, 267; sends envoy to Spain, 16, 242, 37, 71; death, 16, 242. 
Babuyo (a Mindanao village) : Rec. in, 38, 152. 
Babuyans (Babuyanes, christianized tribe of Babuyan Is., q. v.) : peaceful, 33, 91, 

92; trade in N. Segovia, 92; encomendero collects tribute from, 92; gathered into 

one island, 92; removed to Cagayan, 48, 172, 173; removed from Luzon, 53, 354; 

smallpox among, 33, 93; Dom. missions among, 92, 93, 35, 45, 48, 172, 173; 

baptisms among, 33, 194. 
Bacacay (vill.): population (1612), 17, 208. 
Bacag (vill. in Luzon) : Rec convent in, 31, 143. 
Bacain (Bacani) : 18, 204, 37, 96. See Bassein. 
Bacalan (vill. in Zamboanga) : Jes. in, 36, 57. 
Bacallaos: meaning and origin of name, 1, 309, 9, 309; eastern region of Canada 

called, 1, 310, 3, 87, 9, 309. 
Bagan, Antonio (resident of Manila) : acts as witness, 13, 286. 
Bacani (Cagayin chief) : begs for religions, 30, 319. 



Bacuag] INDEX 67 

Bacarra (Bacarra, encomienda and village in Ilocos) : status (1591), 8, 108 (16x2), 
*7» 197; population (1827), 51, 199; its encomenderos, 8, 108; revolt in, 38* 205- 
209, 2ix; its visits, 205; Span, fort in, 209; suicide in, 41, 85; Aug. in, 8, 108, 
34, 89, 38, 159. **7, 37. **4> *39» 240, 242. 

Bacayan (encomienda and village) : its encomendero, 3, 308 ; tributes collected in, 
308, 309. 

Baccalearum: 1, 31a See Bacallaos. 

Backhouse (Becus), Thomas (British officer): raids provinces in Luzon, 49, 230; 
sends peace preliminaries to Anda, 172; writes Anda (Nov. 22, 1763), 171, 172. 

Baclayon (Baclayon, Baclayun, vill. in Bohol) : location, 40, 1x2; population (16x2), 
17, 207; status (1878), 28, 333; loyal to Spain, 327, 38, 88; Mor. attack, 13, 
X47; Jes. in, 13, 3x2, 38, 88, X51, X7X, 326, 36, 55, 38, 87; Rec in, 38, 329. 

Bacnotan (vill. in Cagayan) : Aug. administer, 38, 167. 

Baco y Busaigan (encomienda in Sorsogon prov., see (he modern Busaingan) : loca- 
tion and extent, 8, 125, 126; status (1591), 125, 126. 

Baco (vill. in Ibabao Prov. in Samar) : Camucones raid, 37, 3x4, 39, 99. 

Baco (Baco, vill. and district in Mindoro) : capital and residence of corregidor, 18, 
97, 41, 238, 49, 38; population, 33, 223 -(wrongly printed "Bacoy"); deluge in, 
38, 28; Navarrete (Dom.), visits, 39; Aug. in, 38, 3x4, 41, 162, 163, 236; Rec. in, 
28, 3x5, 41, x8, 172, 177, 238; Rec. convent moved to Calapan, 18; seculars in 
(Rojas), 38, 3x5, 41, X72, 234. 

Bacoag: 35, 82. See Bacuag. 

Bacol: Zambal vill., 5» X03. 

Baco], Juan (native soldier) : pay due, 36, 183. 

Bacolod (Baoolod, capital of W. Negros) : population (1878), 38, 321; Rec in, 
32X (school), 45, *48, 4*, 26% 27a 

Bacolor (Bacalor, Bacol6r, capital of Pampanga) : location, 33, 2x4; described, 245; 
investigations ordered in, 8, 83; Anda's capital, 17, 297 (see also many references 
to, as such in 49) ; curfew estab. in, 49, 267; exports lime, 36, 244; lead smelted 
at, 48, 300; nipa wine retailed in, 49, 264; Aug. in 17, 193 (status of mission, 
1612), 33, 245, 34, 30, 34, 74, 88, 127, X33, 38, X31, X65, 37, **5, 2x9, 237, 254, 
38, 141 (importance of convent), 2x2; number of Christians in, 33, 245; boys' 
school in, 46, 258. 

Bacon (Bacon, Bacong, vill. in Sorsogon) : Fran, in, 35, 287, 312, 36, 2x7. 

Bacong (vill. in Negros, Rec. mission): population (1878), 38, 321. 

Bacoo (vill. in Mindoro) : Abp. Guerrero takes refuge in, 35, 199. 

Bacoor (Bacor, vill. in Cavite province): pop. (1878), 38, 308; curacy of, 163, 267. 

Bacor (vill. in Samar): tributes in (1612), 17, 206; revolt in (1650), 38, 118 
(wrongly located in Leyte) ; a Jesuit mission, 38, 92, 36, 56. 

Bacoy: error of Coco for Baco y, 33, 223. See Baco. 

B act as (vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, mission founded at, 35, 317. 

Bacteriology: study introduced in Manila, 45, 134. 

Bactial (misprinted Bachal), Paquian (ruler of J0I6) : a bastard, 40, 140; plots 
against Spaniards, 36, 222; entertains Combes, 40, 140. 

Bacto (an estuary): Spaniards reduce, 9, 81, 84. 

Bacu (Filipino chief) : Spaniards reduce, 9, 82. 

Bacuag (Bacoag, Basuag, a village of Surigao Prov.) : insurgents pillage, 35, 81, 
89, 41, 125; inhabitants described, 35, 82; curacy of, 38, 276; Rec. in, 35, 81, 
82, 36, 146, 186, 41, 125; desecration divinely punished, 35, 82; conversion in, 82. 



68 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Bacun 

Bactin (dist of n. Luzon): Galyey's expedition to, 51, 56. 

Bacuya, Dona Magdelena (a native, grandmother of Salangsang) : aids Rec, 31, 232. 

Badajoz (Spain): appointed for demarcation deliberations, 1, 160, 161; junta of 
(1534; records, opinions, etc), 1, 8, 30, 90, 95, 165-221, 342, 3, 25, 37, 3, "Si ™7» 
34, 153, 4«, *70. 

Badajoz (vill. in Tablas): population (1878), 38, 318; Rec in, 317, 318. 

Badilla, — , S.J.: defends Jesuits, 36, 39. 

Badla, Mandayan divinity: 43, 218, 220, 223. 

Badoc (Baduc, vill. in Ilocos Norte): Zambals plunder, 38, 197; Aug. in, 38, 159, 
167. 

Badrena, Isidro, O.S.A.: insurgents kill, 38, 222. 

Baeca (Baeca, Vaeca), Melchor de (notary): authority delegated to, 8, 185; public 
acts by, 175-178, 180-184. Writings - Trade with Macan (1591), 8, 5, 14, 23, 
174-196, 319, 320. 

Baeca, Sebastian de (soldier) : acts as witness, 4, 274. 

Baeca y Castilla, Juan: his son, 16, 309. 

Baeza, Pedro de: appointed factor in Terrenate, 17, 176. 

Baeza, Sebastian de, O.S.F. : arrives in Phil., 13, 193 ; death, 33, 65. 

Baeza (Baesa, Vaeca), del Rio, Alonso (notary public) : appointment, 35, 231; official 
acts, 234, 240, 242, 36, 73, 115, 304, 311, 313, 37, 33-35- 

Bagac (Baga, Vaga, Bagac, Bagac, vill. in Bat a an Prov.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84; sur- 
rounded by pagans, 36, 174; inhabitants (called Baga Indians), their manner of 
life, described, 47, 291-293; blacks serve, 292, 293; industrious, 292; should be 
united with inhabitants of Mariyumo, 293; christianized, 291, 292; aid Rec, 41, 
12, 68; status (1878), 38, 302; Rec in, 142, 174, 301, 302, 41, i5» i3«» 47, *9*; 
has three visitas, 41, 131. 

Bagado, Luis: acts as witness, 9, 188. 

Bagaien: 37, 292. See Buhayen. 

Bagambog (vill. in N. E. Mindanao): Villalobos at, 37, 180; shipwreck at, 180. 

Baganga (Bagangan, Bagangan, vill. in Surigao Prov.): Span, conquer, 31, 163; 
Rec in, 163, 38, 152, 175, 41, 137; Christian families in, 31, 246. 

Baganis (appellation of pagan people in E. Mindanao, not a distinct tribe): habitat, 
43$ 213; cannibals, 40, 136; homicide practiced by, 159; weapons, 136, 159; 
dress, 159. 

Bagatan (in prov. of Ibalon; modern name Bagdlao Is.?) : ships built in, 18, 173, 174. 

Bagatao: ships at, 39, 143, 144, 281; ship winters at, 47, 75. See preceding caption. 

Bagaygaran (vill. in Mindanao) : population (1579), 4, 283. 

Bagio, Pedro (a Boholan) : leader of insurrection, 38, 328. 

Bagnotan (Bagnotan, Bagnotan, vill. in Pangasinan) : importance, 38, 163 ; insur- 
gents attack and destroy, 163, 180; Aug. in, 38, 158, 38, 184; Arqueros in, 186, 
187, 188. 

Bago (encomienda in Panay) : Legazpi assigns, 34, 305; status (1591), 8, 136. 

Bag6 (Mindanao) : a Bagobo reduction, 43, 233, 243. 

Bagobo (Bagobos, primitive Malayan pagan tribe of Mindanao) : habitat, 43, 233, 
279; their genealogy, 245, 246; population, 233, 279. Language - signification of 
"Manobo" in, 40, 123; words, 43, 235, 237, 238, 246, 247, 25a Characteristics - 
follow traditions, 43 233; barbarous, 246, 249; headhunted, 246; good horsemen, 
279; luxurious, 279; cruel and warlike, 279; industrious, 279; kill deformed 
children, 279; migratory, 279; practice blood feud, 279. Religion, etc -their 
deities, 43, 234, 235, 245, 246, 249, 250; demon worship, 235; fire-worshipers, 279; 



Balagate] index 69 

prayers, 237, 250; legend of creation, 235; believe in omens, 237, 238; offer first- 
fruits, 237, 238 ; perform human sacrifice, 40, 136, 43» 206, 233, 234, 240, 245, 246, 
248, 279; their feasts, 233-235, 249; sing and dance at feasts, 233, 234, 249; few 
thefts among, 239; method of detecting theft, 238, 239; occupations, 233, 279; their 
beverages, 279; weapons, 234; tools, 238; possess slaves, 240, 279; marriage 
customs, 235; method of treating sickness, 235, 237, 250; mortuary customs, 235, 
246, 248, 250; Negritos hostile to, 278; difficult to christianize, 279; converts 
among, 233, 243, 279; converts relate their customs, 236. 

Bagonbayan (Bagumbaya, Bagumbayan, mission village in Zamboanga): Jesuits 
administer, 38, 151, 171, 36, 57. 

Bagu (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bagua, Francisco de: acts as witness, 10, 287, 288. 

Baguinguin (encomienda in Panay) : assigned to Rodriguez de Figueroa, 34, 306. 

Baguisan, Captain (Samal pagan chief) : hostile to Christianity, 43, 251, 252. 

Bagumbayan, Joseph (a convert) : sketch, 41, 194, 195. 

Bagumbayang (Bagnumbaya, Bagongbayan, Bagongbayan, Bagumbaya, Bagumbayan, 
Bagunbaian, Bagun Bay, Bagunbaya, Bagunbayan, Bagungbagan, Bagungbayan, 
suburb of Manila) : location, jo, 228, 31, 94, 130, 36, 31, 39, 248; status (1591)9 
8, 98; population (1622), 30, 228, 229, (1662), 36, 203; decree published in, 31, 
94; parade-ground at, 39, 248; Sangley insurgents guarded at, 248; buildings 
demolished in, 36, 145, 246; fortified, 35, 186, 36, 145, 246; insurgents shot at, 
53, 94; pleasure drive passes, 16, 144; Acufia's summer residence in, 31, 130; 
Rec convent and college at, 13, 247, JO, 228, 229, 31, 112, 116, 131-135, 269-271, 
284, 38, 141, 142, 36, 187, 41, 125, 44, 149, 150, 47, 138; Rec convent bombarded, 
44, 150; hosp. of St. John of God in, 38, 143-145, 176, 47, 165, 169, 198, 202; 
friar property in, 48, 186. 

Bagunbaya (Dom. mission in Cagayan Prov.): status (1612), 17, 212. 

Bagungaiabar: name of Manila gate, 36, 31. See Bagumbayang. 

Bahandil (Bahande, Bahandie, Bandel), Da to (chief in Mindanao): Negotiations 
with Span., 4, 245, 247, 248, 251, 255, 256, 259, 26x» 267, 268, 269, 282-285, 286, 289, 
290; hostile to Limansancay, 245, 269, 274; makes peace with him, 269; sends 
envoy to him, 274, 285. 

Bahay (vill. in Panay) : Mor. raid, 35, 154. 

Bahisan (Mindanao chief, father of Corral at ) : his raids, 41, 321. 

Bai (Bai) : 38, 147. See Bay. 

Baibai (Baibay): 1, 265, 11, 292, 295. See Baybay. 

Bailee (vill. in Cavite Prov.) : pop. (1878), 38, 309. 

Bailen, Conde de: commands Cambodian expedition, 31, 175. 

Bais (Rec miss, in Negros) : pop. (1878), 38, 321. 

Bakliol (illegitimate son of Joloan ruler) : usurps his sister's right, and renders J0I6 
independent of Mindanao, 46, 46. 

Balabaca (vill. in Mindanao) : population (1579), 4, 283. 

Balabat (vill. in N. Luzon) : Span, expedition in, 14, 288, 291 ; inhabitants pay 
tribute, 291. 

Balacbac (vill. in Luzon) : location, 43, 37, 47, 294; population, 294; disturbances 
in, 38, 228-230, 41, 249; Dom. in, 38, 235, 236, 41, 249, 252, 253, 43, 37. 54- 

Baladdon (a pagan) : slays pacified natives, 43, 61. 

Baladewa: Hindu hero, 34, 169. 

Balad-ul-Falf al : Arabic appellation of Malabar (g. v.), 3, 77. 

Balagate (district in India [?]) : Dutch trade at, 37, 94, 97. 



70 the Philippine islands [Balagbac 

Balagbac (vill. in N. Luzon): pop. (1594), I4> *96t *97; Span, expedition in, 297; 
inhabitant! submit to Span., 296. See Balabat 

Balagua (Fil. chief) : submits to Span., 9, 82. 

Balaguer, Andres, OP. (brother of Damian and Pedro) : his dignities, 31, 156. 

Balaguer, Damian, O.P. (brother of Andres and Pedro) : life and labors, 31, 156-158. 

Balaguer, Pedro Martyr de, O. P.: brother of Andres and Damian, 31, 156. 

Balaguer, Victor (Span, statesman): official act of, 51, 397; aids in estab. library, 
53, 31* See also Books. 

Balaian: 5, 204. See Balayan. 

Balajan (vill. of Luzon [?]): Spanish fleet at, 16, 257. 

Balambuao (Javanese port) : Candish at, 7, 81. 

Balanac (vill. in Luzon) : natives ransom friar in, 38, 185. 

Balanga (vill. in Bataan Prov.) : vicariate, 38, 267. 

Balangigan (Balanguigan, Balanguiguan, vill. in Samar, modern Balangiga, wrongly 
located in Lcyte by some authors) : Jes. mission, 38, 91, 152, 172, 36, 55. 

Balanguey (vill. in Pangasinan) : important, 33, 208. 

Balaoang (vill. in I locos) : pop., 33, 277. See also Purao. 

Balasi (a Malanao chief) : attacks Zamboanga fort, 44, 162. 

Balatamay (Moro or Manobo chief, nephew of Corral at) : hostile to Span., 39, 200; 
joins Corralat, 41, 298; slays Span., 301, 44, 99; Corral at charges hostility to, 41, 
302; piratical raid by, 304, 305; succeeds Corralat, 322; becomes peaceful, 322. 

Balatao (an Hocan village) : produces gold, 3, 223. 

Balauan (Balavan, a village in I locos) : Aug. administer, 38, 158, 167. 

Balaya, Don Luis (chief of Bangos) : conspires, 7, 102, 103 ; sentenced, no. 

Balayan (Balaian, Balayan, Balayan, Valayan, encomienda and district in Luzon) : 
location, 7, 40, 18, 97; has civil jurisdiction in Mindoro, 8, 137; its encomendero, 
138; status (1591), 138; salary of alcalde-mayor in, 14, 252; appointment to office 
in, 18, 97; exemptions from rice trib. in, 47, 118; encomiendas in, 33, 220, 242; 
trib. in, 242, 243; amt. of half-annats paid in, 50, 104; method of election in, 208, 
209, 254, 255; natives from, captive in Borneo, 4, 149, 162; Mahometanism in, 
150, 151; menaced by Dutch, 8, 285; supplies Manila, 10, 308, 309; supplies 
hospital, 47, 167; shipwreck in, 11, 311, 38, 41 ; rigging made in, 14, 256, 36, 202, 
221; soldiers petitioned for, 19, 223; Chinese slain in, 39, 227; workmen drafted 
from, 37, 212; Span, fleet at, 41, 305; alcalde-mayor pursues Mor., 319; earth- 
quake in, 43, 169; Fran, in, 7, 40, 41, 175; Salinas in, 8, 49; Aug. in, 19, 279, 
38, 165; curacies in, 129; religions, civil conflict in, 33, 73, 160, 161; Guerrero 
visits, 37, 150, 151; religious statistics (1742), 47, 146, 148. See also Taal. 

Balayan (Balayan, Balayan, Valayan, vill. and encomienda in dist of Balayan) : 
location, 3, 83; pop. (1582), 5, 9» (1827), 51, 199 (1878), 38, 309; described, 
*9, 94; cap. vill., 13, 207; Goiti guided by natives of, 3, 82, 83, 89, 90; Goiti at, 
83, 104; Mor. at, 89, 90; inhabitants of, slain, 90; assigned to royal crown, 305; 
Chin, at, 226; Span, expedition in, 14, 286; submits to Span., 286; Mor. menace 
and raid, 15, 265, 19, 223, 39, 94; fortified, 15, 265, 266; revolt in, 48, 141, 144; 
curacy of, 38, 129, 163; converts in, 13, 207; Rec in, 38, 309, 343; Camacho 
visits, 43, 51-56; its cura sent to Bustamante, 44, 86; bequest to church of, 45, 119. 

Balberde, Pedro, O.P.: sketch, 14, 87. 

Balcac (dist in Luzon) : Rec in, 41, 65. 

Baldad (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec in, 31, 242. 

Baldasan (Jes. miss, in Mindanao) : annexed to Caldera, 44, 93. 



Ballcsillo] INDEX 71 

Baldecafias (Baldicafias), Auguttin Tabuyo: 30, 263, 296. See Tabuyo Baldecafias. 

Balderrama. See also Valderrama. 

Balderrama, Francisco (a Span.) : accompanies Corcuera, 37, 328. 

Balderrama, Licentiate Juan de (an oidor) : 30, 215. See Valderrama. 

Baldes, Antonio Carreno: 27, 328. See Carreno Valdes. 

Baldes, Diego de: gov. of Buenos Ay res, 1 3, 60. 

Baldes, Francisco de: 18, 19a See Valdes. 

Baldivieso, Juan de (an alferez) : as witness, 35, 175. 

Baldo, Pedro, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 297, 298. 

Baldo de Ubaldis, Angelo (Italian jurisconsult) : sketch, 1, 169. 

Baldo de Ubaldis, Pietro (Italian jurisconsult) : sketch, 1, 169. 

Balenguela, Agustin de: 36, 109. See Valenzuela. 

Balente (a prov. in Luzon) : unpacified, 7, 166; Rec in, 41, 179. 

Baler (Baler, Valer, Valir, Valer, yill. in Luzon) : location, 38, 285, 36, 189, 194, 
(changed) 48, 67; mts. in, 38, 147, 35, 299; castaways in, 40, 307; Mor. attack, 
51, 28; a vicariate, 38, 268, 283 ; subject to bpric of N. Caceres, 153* 285 ; Rec in, 
ax, 247, 38, 310, 41. i4t 9*5 Fran, in, 38, 157, 169, 31. 288, 35, 182, 36, 2x7, 
41,94- 

Balestra, Jacome Maria: founds obra pia, 47, 2x4. 

Balete (Valete, a dist in Luzon) : population (1582), 5, 99; revolt in, 6, 185; Japan- 
ese in, 33, 163 ; Jes. in, 13, 195 ; Fran, in, 33, 163. 

Balete (Valet, Valete, vill. in Mindanao) : location and population, 4, 266, 283 ; Span, 
first learn of, 5, 65 ; Span, in, 4, 266, 267 ; Mor. in, 43, 205. 

Balete (vill. in Mindoro) : status, 8, 139; Rec in, 41, 238. 

Balian (Balian, encomienda and village in Luzon): population (1582), 5, 89; sub- 
mits to Span., 37, 248. 

Balibo: vilL of Timor, 34, 1x9, 165. 

Balicnon (a vill. in Luzon) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Balicoey (vilL in Luzon) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Balig (vill. in Panay) : assigned as encomienda, 34, 305. 

Balignono (vill. in Luzon) : submits to Span., 37, 248. 

Baligot (Fil. chief) : submits to Span., 9, 82. 

Balilijan (vill. in Bohol) : status (1878), 38, 333. 

Balinan, Luysa (convert) : her devotion, 31, 271-273. 

Balinao: 30, 73. See Bolinao. 

Balincaguin (a village in Zambales) : status (1878), 38, 305. 

Balinese (inhabitants of Bali Is., q. v.): religion, 34, 168, 169; language, 169; 
agriculturists, 169; mortuary customs, 170. 

Balingasag (vill. in Mindanao) : ceded to Jesuits, 38, 343 ; Monteses inhabit, 43, 278. 

Balingigua: vill. in Samar, 5, 57. 

Balinguit (chief) : sentenced, 7, 105, 106. 

Balino (Balino, vill. in Masbate) : Rec in, 38, 154, 41, 2x9, 229. 

Balinuan (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec in, 38, 152, 175. 

Balissi (vill. and encomienda in Luzon) : status (1591), 8, 1x3; Span, reduce, 9, 
83, 85. 

Baliuag (Baliuag, vill. in Bulacan Prov.): described, 53, 3x3, 3x4; Aug. in, 38, 
X30, 165. 

Balle, Capt Alonso de (Span, officer) : his services and appointment, 33, 234. 

BallecHlo (encomienda in Ilocos) : status (1591), 8, 107. 



72 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Ballcna 

Ballena, Nicolas de (a Span.) : Sangleys kill, 4*» 249. 

Ballesteros, Diego, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Ballesteros, Francisco Martir, O.P.: sketch, 37, 118. 

Ballesteros, Gonzalo Ronquillo de: 47, 20a See Ronquillo de Ballesteros. 

Ballesteros de Saavedra, — : signs mem'l, 6, 23a 

Ballon, Mateo, O.S.F.: 37, 263. See Vallo, 

Balococ (vilL in Luzon) : Spaniards subdue, 37, 348. 

Balogo (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 83. 

Bal6n (vill. [?]) : shipwreck at, 37, 18a 

Baloy (Balooy, vill. in Mindanao) : pop., 38, 96, 36, 61 ; Span, in, 35, 99. 

Baloy (Fil. chief) : Span, reduce, 9, 82. 

Baloyog, Madalena (Dapitan native) : her authority, 40, 118. 

Baltadano, Capt. Bias Lopez (Span, officer): encomienda granted to, 33, 2x7, 219, 

220; services, 218, 2x9. 
Baltasar, Garci Perez de: 17, 13a See Perez de Baltasar. 
Baltazar (Japanese) : conspires, 9, 40, 48, 49. 
Balthasar Carlos (Span, prince, son of Felipe IV): birth, 34, x88; death, 36, 24; 

funeral rites observed for, in Manila, 26-42 ; sketch, 34, 188. 
Balu, Andres (a Pampanga) : his pay, 36, 162. 
Baluajan: vill. in Zamboanga, 36, 57. 
Baluaquen (vill. in Mindanao) : pop., 4, 283. 
Baluarte (vill. in Luzon) : artillery cast at, 6, 299. 
Baluasan (vill. of Zamboanga) : location, 40, 157. 
Baludo (Moro rancheria) : location, 43, 198. 
Balugan (vill. of Luzon) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Balugas (Negrito-Malayan peoples): application of term, 48, 93; missions among, 

56» 93, 95- See also Aetas, and Negritos. 
Baluyot (Pampango native) : hanged, 38, a 10. 
Balvas, Christoval de (factor of Tierra Firme) : investigates contraband trade, 37, 

170, X7X. 
Banaao (vill.) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Banaco: Igorot vill., 30, 276. 
Banagua (Fil. chief) : Span, reduce, 9, 82. 
Banal, Agustin (Span, officer) : his pay, 36, 164. 
Banal, Joan (chief, brother-in-law of Magat) : in Calamianes, 7, 97, 103 ; sentenced, 

no. 
Banal, Miguel (Fil. chief) : petitions Felipe II, 14, 24, 327-329, 17, 151. 
Banan (vill. in Luzon): pop. (1827), 51, 199. 
Banao (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Banban (Bamban, encomienda and vill. in Pampanga): assigned to Isla, 34, 309; 

Rec in, 38, 3x2. 
Bancao (chief of Limasava) : friendly to Span., 38, 92; revolts, 92, 93; apostatizes, 

92; death, 93. 
Bancusay (Bancuray, suburb of Manila) : destroyed by fire, 43, 261 ; natives lodge 

in, 49, 2xx. 
Band ah al a (Bo mean king's nephew): opposes Sande, 4, 182, 
Bandajar (sultan of Borneo) : Aguilar makes treaty with, 51, 28. 
Bandel: 4, 245. See Bahandil. 
Bandel: 13, 291. See Wan-Leh. 



Bantay] index 73 

Bandits: in Leyte, 13, 176, 177; slay religious, 47, 198; Gardoqui punishes, 51, 37, 

38. See also Crimes. 
Banegas, Geronimo (Span, officer) : his apptmt. and services, 33, 227. 
Banete (yill. in Luzon) : submits to Span., 14, 286. 

Bangs (yill. in Pansy) : sec. curacy, 38, 162, 164; assigned in encomienda, 34, 305. 
Bangajon (Bangahon, Bangahun, yill. in Samar) : Mor. raid, 37, 315, 39, 99; Jes. 

in, 38, 92, 152, 172, 36, 56. 
Bangal (yill. and encomienda in Luzon): location and status (1591), 8, 109; Span. 

reduce, 9, 84, 85. 
Bangar (vilL in Ilocos Prov.) : Aug. in, 38, 158, 167, 37, 280; curacy, 38, 164. 
Bangaun (yill. in Samar, Jes. miss.) : no. of tributes in (1612), 17, 205. 
Bangbang (Bangban, Bangbanglo, yill. in Luzon): Dom. in, 38, 174; Aug. in, 37, 

224, 242, 284. 
Bangbang (yill. in Pan ay) : pay due natives of, 36, 177; cost of church in, 177. 
Bangi (vill. in Luzon) : location, 37, 284; a visita, 38, 205; Aug. in, 37, 284. 
Bangkok (Siam) : location, 9, 164, 33, 139; pop. (1766), 139. 
Bangon: division of the Mangyan tribe, 40, 47. 
Bangon (vill. in Camarinea Prov.): identified (see Bafigsa), 38, 283; Fran, in, 

38, 157. 
Bangos (Vangos, vill. [?]) : its chief, 7, 102, 103. 
Bangot (vill.) : assigned in encom., 34, 306. 
Bangued (Bangues, Banguet, a village in Ilocos): location, 38, 158; unwholesome 

climate, 39, 149; a curacy, 38, 158. 
Bangui (Bangui, vill. in Ilocos) : location, 33, 213, 38, 288, 37, 240; earthquake at, 

33, 213 ; Span, force in, 44, 78 ; visita, 37' 240; Aug. in, 38, 159, 167, 37, a*4» *¥>> 
Banguit, Nicolas (a soldier) : his pay, 36, 163. 
Bani (vill. in Luzon) : status (1878), 38, 305. 
Banigo (vill. in Leyte) : Jes. residence, 38, 172. 
Banjarmasin (Mazarmasin, principality in Borneo): etymology and location, 35, 

'53, 43, 172. See also Rivers: Banjarmasin. 
Ban jars (a people of Borneo) : obtain possession of J0I6, 43, 172. 
Bankrupts: unable to produce books, 51, 147. 
Banon, Francisco (ensign) : acts as witness, 4, 161. 
Banquets: treachery at, 1, 327; Japanese, given to Cobo, 9, 36; religious hold, 10, 

75 ; British-Span., 49, 175. 
Bantal (vill. in N. Luzon) : pop. (1591), 14, 284; inhabitants hostile to Span., 283, 

284; make peace and render homage, 285, 290; Mendoza in, 287; deserted, 294. 
Bantam (Banta, Bantan, Javanese prov.): trade center, 37, 92-94, 30, 36; character 

of pop., 36; princes of, besiege Batavia, 33, 215; Dutch in, 15, 307, 309, 310, 3x4, 

327, 18, 22, 37, 106, 30, 35t 37, 35, 265, 37, 4*; Eng. at, 15, 317. 37, 4*; Eng. 

expelled from, 35, 209; French at, 18, 224; Span, at, 37, 235; mail route, 38, 81; 

religious freedom at, 30, 3a 
Bantangad, Juan (Tagilog chief) : appeals to bishop for protection, 5, 189-191. 
Bantao (vill.) : assigned in encomienda (1571), 34, 305. 
Bantay (Vantay, a valley, encomienda, and village in Ilocos): population (1582), 

5, 109; tribes in, 131; Zambals raid and burn, 38, 195, 198; Anda grants ex- 
emption to, 49, 302; Aug. provincial despoils church of, 14, 168; Aug. in, 17, 196, 

33, 276, 277, 279, 34, 74, 88, 89, 166, 38, 159, 167, 37, **3, »45, 4*, »99J its 

visita, 38, 191. 



74 the Philippine islands [Bantayan 

Bantayan (Bantayan, enoomienda and village in Cebti): status (1592), 8, 132 
(1608), 14, 246; pop. (1893), 33, 259; natives commit outrages in, 11, 238, 239; 
troops sent to, 241 ; a secular curacy, 38, 162, 164, 324. 

Bantilan (Bantillan, Joloan, brother of Ali-Mudin, and sultan of J0I6): dethrones 
his brother, 17, 321, 43, 174; plots his death, 48, 250, 252; hostile to Christians, 
149, 152, 162; becomes sultan, 152, 49» 182; negotiations with Eng., 43, 175, 49, 
185, 187, 50, 43; arouses Mor. against Span., 48, 162; negotiations, 265-167, 271, 
49, 185; death, 43, 277; his daughter's marriage, 46, 47. 

Banton (Banton, vill. in Ban ton Is., q. v.) : pop., 31, 246, 38, 328; status (2878), 38, 
328; Dutch ravage, 41, 208; revolt in, 220; Rec in, 38, 275, 327, 328. 

Banua (Moro) : Corral a^s envoy to Manila, 41, 300, 302. 

Banez (Bafies), Domingo, O.P.: eminent Span, theologian, 31, 40, 224. 

Bafigsa (vill.) : identified, 38, 283 ; location, 284. See also Bangon. 

Banol, Francisco (Span.) : his enoomienda, 34, 309. 

Banon, Francisco (early settler) : app. regidor, 4, 92. (Possibly the same man as 
the preceding.) 

Banos, Conde de: 38, 244. See Leiva y de la Cerda, Juan de. 

Bafios, Los (vill. and health resort in Laguna Prov.) : hot springs in, 14, 222, 322, 
40, 223, 224; hosp. at, 17, 209, 18, 223, 38, 268; hist of, 14, 222, 222; Span, in, 
39, 205, 224, 37, 275; Fran, in, 36, 227. See also Hospitals. 

Bafios, Los (N. Espana): hosp. at, 37, 225. 

Bafiuelos, Luis Antonio (Span, officer) : signs letter, 3, 282. 

Bafiuelos y Carrillo, Hieronimo (Span, admiral): Relation, 39, 22, 22, 66-85, 325; 
original lost, 22, 22; cited, 16, 277. 

Bao (Bao, vill. in Camarines Prov.) : status (1592), 8, 229; Fran, in, 38, 257, 268. 

Baong (vill. in Panay) : identified, 33, 218, 293; pop. (2630 and 2893), 293; aids 
Ot6ng, 34, 87; Aug. in, 17, 299, 33, 228, 293, 34, 81, 82, 39, 270, 272. 

Bapangano (vill.) : Span, fleet at, 35, 66. 

Bapitan (misprint for Dapitan, q. v.): 17, 275. 

Bapti, Raia: ruler of Sanguir, 33, 247. 

Baptista. See also Bautista. 

Baptista, Francisco (Rec) : chosen for first mission to Phil., 31, 226. 

Baptista, Joan (Rec) : Span, provincial, 31, 214, 225, 253. 

Baptista, Juan (Joan), O.S.F.: 6, 232, 19, 255. See Bautista. 

Baptista, Juan (Joan), O.S.F.: his book of advice to confessors, cited, 31, 43, 46, 48. 

Baptista, Juan (Trin.) : his reforms, 17, 228. 

Baptista, Pedro, O.S.F.: 8, 232. See Bautista, 

Baptista, Capt Pedro: 39, 30. See Bautista. 

Baptista, Simon, S.J.: his miss., 36, 56. 

Baqua (Rec miss.) : Chris, families in, 31, 246. 

Baquedano, Capt Juan de (sold.) : his pay, 36, 282. 

Baquian: enoomienda, 5, 95. See also Albay. 

Baraga (Baraga, vill. in Masbate) : Rec in, 38, 254, 275, 41, 222. 

Barahona, Capt Lope de: death, 39, 43. 

Barajas (vill.) : Fran, in, 20, 225. 

Baran (a vill. in Borneo) : Bornean ruler dies in, 4, 298. 

Baranaci: Chin, city, 34, 237. 

Baranas: vill. in Saraar, 5, 57. 

Barao (enoomienda): status (2592), 8, 207. 



Bardashes] INDEX 75 

Baraona (Barahona), Alonso (Alonza) de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 1 8, 278, 19, 181, 

23, *95, a *> 14, 79, 90, 93. «*» 104-108, no, XH-X13, 114, 132; sketch, 18, 278. 
Baraona, Francisco dc Vitoria: 37, 56. See Vitoria Baraona. 
Baraona Velazquez, Juan (provincial governor of Cebu) : apeals to Arrechedera 

regarding appointments, 48, 188, 189. 
Baras (port in Catanduanes) : Catamban conjectured to be, 15, 239. 
Baras (Baris, vill. in Laguna Prov.) : also called Lubao (q. «.), 38, x6x; location 

44, 105; burned, 39, 243, 251; Span, soldiers in, 38, 161; Jesuits in, 38, 87, 146, 

39, 251, 36, 54. 4*, 267, 44, 105; Fran, in., 38, 168, 4*, **7, 44, X05; transfers 

of, 43, 267, 44, 105. 
Barasoain (vill. of Luzon): population (1893 and 1900), 33, 26$. 
Barat (vill. in N. Luzon) : submits to Span., 14, 285. 

Baratao (an encomienda in I locos) : pop. (1582), 5, 107; status (1591), 8, 105. 
Barba (a Chinese contractor) : executed, 36, 242. 
Barba, Joseph, OP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 
Barbaras (a village in Panay) : location, 34, 104; character of its people, 105; 

Aug. in, 74, 75, Z04, 35, 158, 37, 165; convent has vote, 34, 74; transfer of, 104. 
Barbarians: in Orient, 10, 37. See also various tribes. 
Barbaroasa (king of Algiers) : expelled from Tunis by Span., 3, 302. 
Barbary (Barberia, Berberia, countries on the N. coast of Africa): location, 4, 65; 

inhabitants, 3, 141; cattle of, resemble Chinese cattle, 4, 52. 
Barbaza, — (member of Soc. Econ.) : report on rice, cited, 53, 319. 
Barbecue: origin and application of term, 48, 88. 
Barber, Angel: owns Philippina, 53, 40. 
Barberan, Miguel Ponce, S.J.: slain, 38, 103, 104. 
Barbonea. See Dominicans. 
Barbosa, Basco: a wealthy Portuguese, 43, 199. 

Barbosa, Beatriz (sister of Odoardo) : Maghalhaes marries, 33, 340, 341; death, 341. 
Barbosa, Diogo (Diego, father of Odoardo): an official in Spain, 33, 240; Magal- 

haes lives with, 340; advises Carlos I, 1, 91; presents memorandum to Carlos, 

267, 268; aids Mesquita, 262, 263. 
Barbosa, Gil Fernandez (a Portuguese, uncle of Odoardo) : factor at Cananor, 33 t 34a 
Barbosa (Barbase, Barboza, Bobase), Odoardo (Duart, Duarte, brother-in-law of 

Magalhies) : related to Magalhaes, 33, 183 ; captures "Victoria" from mutineers, 

306; commands "Victoria," 308; elected leader of fleet, I, 269, 33, 21, 183, 3x3; 

threatens slave, 183, 185; death, 1, 269; sketch, 33 t 340, 341. Writings - Livro 

emqut dh relafdo, cited, 33, 340; letter (Jan. 12, 1513), cited, 341. 
Barbosa, Pedro (Port [?]) : to be consulted rdg. India matters, 7, 264. 
Barbudos (inhabitants of Barbudos Is., g. v.): described, 3, 191; have no weapons, 

191. 
Barciiztequi, Capt Ventura (a Span, officer) : his appointment, 50, 73. 
Barcelona (Spain) : MS. conserved in, 16, 99. 
Barcelona, Jose Martin de (a Span.) : his deposition, 36, 1x2. 
Barcena, Buenaventura, S.J.: Mor. capture, 41, 3x3. 

Barcito (Bareito [?], a city) : identified, 16, 224; a trade center, 224. See also Beirut 
Barco, Alonso de (encomendero) : marries native Visayan woman, 33, 252 ; collects 

tributes, 252. 
Barco, Pedro del, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 114. 
Bardashes: why preferred in marriage and social status, 38, 67; conversion, 44, 93. 



76 THE Philippine islands [Barcla 

Barela, — (Span, corporal) : in Ternatan campaign, 16, 312, 313. 

Barela, Francisco, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 128. 

Bargas, Alonso (serg.) : in charge of roy. magazines, 34, 444. 

Bargas, Alonso de (Span, officer) : apptmt by, 33, 41. 

Bargas, Gregorio de: 9, 162. See Vargas. 

Bargas Hurtado, Juan de: 37» H9* 4** x86. See Vargas Hurtado. 

Bargas Machuca, Francisco de: 35t 245* See Vargas Machuca. 

Barii (vill. in Luzon) : location, 36, 96 ; Aug. administer, 96. 

Barili (Barile, Barilis, an encomienda and Tillage in Cebu) : pop. 5, 41 ; a curacy, 

28, 162, 164, 276. 
Baristilla: 14, 120. See Vera, Juan Bautista. 
Bark. See Plants and Trees. 
Barker, Maj. — (Eng. officer) : Draper commends, 49, 69, 74, 92; bombards Manila, 

94. 97. 

Barnard, — (Eng. officer) : Draper commends, 49, 70, 74. 

Barnet (Barenet), — (Eng. sea-captain): at Batavia, 47, 232; urged to attack 
Manila, 232; threatens Manila, 233; attacks French, 235; his armament, 237. 

Baroncini, Gregorio, S.J.: arrives in Phil., 13, 118. 

Barraca (appellation for naval station): origin of name, 50, 70; abolished, 72; 
Aguilar refuses to surrender, 74. 

Barrachel: denned, 14, 266. 

Barradas, Diego (Port attorney-general) : takes oath, I, 174. 

Barrado, Eusebio, S.J.: cited, 43, 298, 30a 

Barrantes, Vicente: sec*y to gov.-gen. of Phil., 46, 67; his interest in primary educa- 
tion, 142. See also Archives, and Books. 

Barrasa, Luis de (regidor) : his deposition, 31, x6x, 23, 69. 

Barrasa Enrriquez, Capt Melchor de (p roc -gen. for Phil.) : his report, cited, 35, 296. 

Barreda, Rodrigo Goncales de: 23, 72. See Goncales de Barreda, Rodrigo. 

Barredo Valdes, Jeronimo (Geronimo, fiscal and senior oidor in Manila) : his ap- 
pointment, 4 J, 271, 272; his marriage, 277; ingratitude to friars, 30, 32, 102, 203; 
influence with Camacho, 30; judge in Cruzat's residencia, 31. 

Barrels. See Casks. 

Barrena, Domingo Martin (Span, officer) : his appointment, 38, 203. 

Barrera, Bartolome Diaz de la. See Diaz de la Barrera. 

Ban-era, Francisco de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 89. 

Barrera, Juan de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 

Barrera y Andonaegui, Maria Josef a: Sanchez de Tagle attempts to marry, 45, 2x8. 

Barreta, Isabel de la: mother of Abp. Guerrero, 37, 152. 

Barreto, Pedro (Rec) : represents Guerrero, 35, 232, 233, 235, 236. 

Barreto, Ysabel (Isabella) de (wife of Mend an a) : accompanies Mendafia, 15, 103; 
appointed leader, 113, 37, 227; abandons colony, 15, 104, 113; remarries* 104; 
returns to Mexico, 1x6. 

Barriale, Antonio, O.S.F.: arrives in Phil., 13, 193. 

Barrientos, Alonso (sold.) : his pay, 36, 172. 

Barrientos, Fernando de, (lawyer, member of council of Orders) : Span, deputy at 
Junta of Badajoz, 1, 174* 2x2, 2x3 ; Cirlos I writes, 2x4-221. 

Barrientos, Gines (Ximenes), O.P. (bp. of Troya): auxiliary to Abp. Pardo, 39, 
I 7 I > >79> *5*» 40, 206, 51, 307; consecrates Pardo, 4 J, 200; rules archdiocese in 
sede vacante, 35, 187, 39» 282, 2x0* 211, 221, 258, 262, 274, 298, 40, 9, 21, 206, 43, 



Basco] index 77 

20, 274, 287, 51, 307; Aud. refuse to confirm, 35, 187, 39, 170, 171, 180, 4 2, 274; 
his contumacious conduct, 39, 17 it x8o, 40, 22-24, seizes authority from ecc 
cabildo, 39, 182, 210, 40, 9, 21-23, 4?? 287-289; attempts to regain abprc, 41, 
35-37; usurps royal jurisdiction, 42, 264, 265; resigns abprc, 51, 307; bp. of 
Cagayan, 39, 191. 200, 2x3, 42, 237 ; refuses bprc, 265 ; official acts, 39, 171, 194, 
40, 24, 42, 264, 265; accuses Jes., 38, 85; persecutes Vargas, 39, 2x8; Endaya 
supports, 40, 25 ; attempts to win gov.'s favor, 25, 26, 28 ; native asks loan of, 206 ; 
death, 39, 272, 42, 44, 289; sketch, 200; extreme, 51, 308; letter, cited, 38, 85; 
pamphlet by, cited, 39, 180, 208. 

Barrientos, Juan Ruiz. See Ruiz Barrientos. 

Barrientos, Manuela (wife of Grinaldos) : defends Jesuits, 39, 286. 

Barrio (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Barrio, Andres del: bids for wine monopoly, 50, no. 

Barrio, Francisco del, O.P.: sketch* 14, 85, 86. 

Barrio, Patricio del (de el), S.J.: sent to J0I6, 48, 149; appointed procurator, 49, 294. 

Barrio Canal, Agustin, O.S.A.: sketch, 48, 78. 

Barrionuevo, Rogue de, O.S.A.: definitor, 34, 41; sketch, 41; compiles Mardica 
grammar, 41. 

Barrios, Antonio de, O.P.: misty to Japan, 37, 106, 107. 

Barrios, Ignado de: commands trading-fleet, 45, 65. 

Barrios, Juan de, S.J.: life and labors, 37, 254, 264, 277, 309, 321, 330, 29, 42; let- 
ters, etc, 28, 10, 41-63* 369. 

Barrios, Manuel, O.P. (a professor) : describes festivities, 50, 66. 

Barrios, Capt Martin de: slain, 7, 123. 

Barros, Joao de (Port historian) : sees correspondence betw. Serrao and Magalhies, 
1, 26; sketch, 40, 41, 42. See also Books. 

Barroso, — (Span, official) : instructions to, 1, 7, 95, 139-144, 342. 

Barroso, Pedro Diaz. See Diaz Barroso. 

Barrot, Auguste (ale of Laguna) : makes election tour, 45, 275. 

Barrows, Dr. David P. (superintendent of education in Manila) : establishes vaca- 
tion normal school, 52, 125 ; thanked, 12, 25. See also Books. 

Barruelo, Juan, O.S.A.: sketch, 4a, 298. 

Barruelo, Luis de (sec priest, canon in Manila) : arrives in Manila, 28, 108; official 
act, 6, 229. 

Bartholome, — , O.S.F. (lay-brother) : martyred in Japan, 22, 3x0. 

Bartolome, — , S.J.: escorts students, 39, 37. 

Bartolus (Bartulo, Italian jurisconsult, leading civilian of fourteenth century) : cited, 
1, 169, ao, 191; sketch, 1, 169. 

Baruc (vill. in Pangasinan) : Dom. administer, 28, 159* 174. 

Barugo (Barugo, encomienda and village in Leyte): one of chief settlements, 5, 51; 
status (1591), 8, 128, 129; population, 17, 203, 204; assigned in encomienda, 34, 
306; Jes. in, 13, 94, 95. *7, 203, 204, 28, X51, X52, 36, 55- 

Barutao (vill.) : Aug. in, 24, 48. 

Basin, Juan, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 123. 

Basaraz, Domingo Bias de (oidor at time of expulsion of Jes.) : Anda {prosecutes, 
50, 296; charges against, 299, 300; his private life, 300; sent to hosp., 301; seizes 
and prohibits anti-Jes. books, 307, 377 ; death, 300. 

Basarte, Antonio (Span, official) : official act, 42, 46; founds obra pia, 47, 2x0. 

Basco (vill. in the Batan Is.) : named for Basco y Vargas, 50, 56. 



78 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [BaSCO 

fiasco (Vitco) y Vargas, Balderrama y Rivera, Jos£ (gov. of Phil.) : of low rank. 
53, 80; his promotions, 50, 58; succeeds Anda, 11 ; arrives at Manila, 47; destroys 
and rebuilds Parian, 7, 34; establishes tobacco monopoly, 17, 334, 50, 53, 54, 109, 
51, 118; founds Sociedad Economics, 39, 174, 50, 11, 49, 51, 53, 308; Rec peti- 
tion, 41, 19a; conquers and establishes government in Batan Is., 43, 8z, 48, 174, 
50, 56; his title, 48, 175, 50, 56; opposed by various interests, 47, 50, 55, 58. 51, 
307 ; sends oidors to Spain, 50, 47 ; promotes economic measures, 48 ; promotes edu- 
cation, 49; repairs fortifications, 50; attempts to restrain Moras, 55; visits prov- 
inces, 55; introduces govt reforms, 126, 51, 25, 53, 69; cause of dissensions with, 
80; decrees by, 291-301, 323; resigns, 50, 11, 57, 58; returns to Spain, 58; sketch, 
*7, 299; characterized, 50, 11, 58, 83, 80; describes agricultural status, 25. 

Basey (Basay), (vill. in Samar) : status, 17, 203; Mor. sack, 41, 313; Jes. in, 17, 
*>3, 28, 91, 152, 172, 36, 55- 

Basilanban (Basilan Is. ?-q. v.): hostile vessels at, 11, 294. 

Basilio: religious name of Diego de Prado (q. v.) t 19, 205. 

Basino (Mora) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 

Baslig (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec administer, 40, 314. 

Bassein (B again, Bagani, Bassains), (city in Port India) : description and history, 18, 
205; destroyed, 19, 204-206; trade at, 37, 96; Port retain, 43, 175. 

Bassi (Basi), Geronimo (Fil. chief, brother of Agustin de Legaspi) : conspires with 
Japanese, 7, 99, zoo, 101; sentenced, 107, 109; appeals from sentence, 109. 

Bassi, Matteo di, (an Italian) : founds Capuchin Order, 38, 207. 

Bastiaansz, Corneille (Hollander) : captures Tidoran fort, 15, 325. 

Bastian, Cornicles (Dutch capt) : at Tidore, 14, 115. 

Basuag: 35, 89. See Bacuag. 

Bataan (Bat a in, Batahan, Batam, Batan, Batan, Vatan, a prov. in Luzon) — 

In general: location, 5, 85, 37, 310, 38, 301, 312, 30, 134, 162, 50, 104; country 
rough and backward, 30, 162; mts. in, 33, 196; inhab. live near Zambals, 8, 2x9; 
no. of vill. in, 30, 162; pop. increases, 252; have just cause of war with Zambals, 
8, 218, 219; feign Christianity, 30, 163-165; peaceful, 14, 175, 176, 178, 2x4; 
epidemic among, 2x4, 2x5; cultivate land, 2x4, 239; their poverty lessened, 251; 
friendly to religions, 251, 252, 260; Dom. learn their language, 31, 148, 33, 96; 
status (1591), 8, 140 (1878), 38, 301; ruled by corregidor, 5, 85; alcaldia of, how 
formed, 48, 188; elections in, 17, 327, 50, 254, 255; half-annats paid in, 104; 
exemptions in, 230; Dutch raid, 35, 261, 37, 300; schools in (1892),. 46, xox; reg- 
iment enrolled in, 50, 65; insurrections in, broken, 51, 188; transfers of land in, 
53, 304; early printing in, 53, 333. 

Ecclesiastical: included in archdiocese of Manila, 38, 261, 266; rel. in (1591), 
8> 43, 53> 54! additional rel. needed, 57; miss, abandoned, 30, 162; hospital estab- 
lished in, 2x4, 251 ; early history of Dom. missions in, 30, 161-180; Dom. in, 8, xox, 

X40, 17, X56, 2XX, 38, 3OX, 39, 25, 30, X3, X20-X22, X34-I36, X89, 209, 2X4, 2X5, 236, 

250-252, 259, 260, 270, 285, 31, 10, 36, 64, 70, 71, 132, 147, 148, 150, 239, 241, 242, 
257, 32, 5*. 59. 96, 106, X79, 225, 34, 309, 3*5, 35, *6, 36, 2x2, 37, 74, *39, 300, 
302, 38, 38, 41, x6, 132, 133, 249, 255, 260, 48, 131, 136; their missions visited, 
30, 2x4, 239, 240, 250; Dom. churches admitted to council, 31, 107; Rec in, 38, 
300, 301, 303, 346, 347; seculars in, 50, 30; curacies and vacariates in, 38, 267, 
30, 161-180. 
Batac (Batdc, Batac, Batag), (vill. in Ilocos Norte): status, 17, 196, '97; Aug. in, 
33, 278, 279, 296, 34, 74, *8, «59, i^7, 37, 15*. **5, "3. *37» *44; • priorate with 
vote, 33, 296. 



Batavia] index 79 

Batagua (Bataguan), (an encomienda and village): status (1591)9 8, 1x3; Span, 
subdue, 9, 82, 84. 

Bataka (Battaks, Battas), (a tribe) : habitat, 4, 131, 31, 24X, 33, 357, 51, 86; canni- 
bals, 4, 131, 33, 357; tree-dwellers, 31, 241; weave flax, 51, 86. 

Batal (a village) : Span, reduce, 9, 85. 

Batala (chief of Tampaca, brother-in-law to Limasancay) : abandons vill., 4, 264; 
his slaves, 264; with Limasancay, 265; casts artillery, 265. 

Batan (Bataan, Batan, Batan), (vill. in Pan ay) : status (1591), 8, 135, 17, 198; 
Camucones raid, 35, 154; inhabitants oppose them, 155; Aug. in, 17, 298, 18, 
278, a3, 295, 34, 93t 35, 158, 38, 150, 166, 37, 166, 38, 216. 

Batan (vill. on Batan Is. [?]) : Jes. mission in, 38, 92. 

Batana (village) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Batanes (natives of the Batan Is. [9. «.]) : language, described, 53, 349; houses, de- 
scribed, 39, 100, zoi. 

Batanganes: a subdivision of the Mangy an (q. v,) t 40, 47. 

Batangas (an encomienda and prov. in Luzon) : formerly called Comintan, 33, 263, 
39, 215; location, 5, 1x3, 33, 223; population (1582), 5, 9*; described, 33, 263, 
38, 309; language, 33, 263; status (1591), 8, 137, 138; slavery in, 16, 124; insur- 
rection in (1745), *7, 2 96; elections in, 327; bay in, 38, 283; coffee cultivated in, 
43, 224; schools in, 46, 100; attacked by Mor., 48, 164; shipwreck in, 49, 299; 
lands in, 53, 304. In archdiocese of Manila, 38, 260, 266; its visita, 8, 139; 
curacies, 38, 267; vicariates, 267; Aug. in, 17, 189, 33, 202; Rec in, 38, 309, 344, 

347. 

Batangas (Batangas, Vatangas), (capital of Batangas Prov.): location, 7, 40, 13, 
145, 33, 262; population, 2x0, 263, 51, 199; Chinese insurgents in, 13, 145, 13, 
224, 14, 132, 16, 41; arrest made in, 33, 160; Aug. in, % 40, 33, x6o, 33, 262, 
263, 283, 38, X30, 165, 37, 150, X63. 

Batano (vill. in I locos) : earthquake in, 19, 66. 

Batas (encomienda): status (1591), 8, 122. 

Batatas (vill.) : Spaniards reduce, 9, 85. 

Batavag (vill. in Cagayan Prov.) : location, 31, 287, 33, 55; population, 33, 56; how 
formed, 55; idolatrous practices in, 55, 56, 43, 56; apostasy and flight of 
natives, 31, 287, 33, 55-58, 43, 56, 57 J D°m. in, 31, 287, 32, 55-58, 43, 56, 57; 
Dom. abandon, 33, 58. 

Batavia (Jacatra, Ihacatra, N. Batavia, Xacatra, Java, cap. of Dutch possessions 
in East Indies): formerly called Jacatra (q. v.), 33, 2x5, 35, 145; description, 
47, 234; population, 35, 51; influence, 43, 220; Portuguese system in, 50, 171; 
Dutch established in (16x9), 15, 328, 33, 2x5, 34, 2x9, 37, 40, xo6, 107, 39, 24, 
35, 251, 271, 43, 124, 2x8; well supplied, 43, 302; Javenese besiege (1629), 15, 
328, 33, 305, 33, 96, 37, X07, 327 ; captive religious sent to, 35, 149, x6o, 267, 37, 
124, 43, X2x; Eng. ships in, 37, 46, 39, "8, 47, 232, 48, 145, 50, 45 J Dutch ships 
in, 35, 151, z 5 2 , 270, 36, 24, 37, 46, X67, 47, 235; Dutch await ships from, 34, 
330; Dutch fleet reenforced, 35, 237; advices sent to Manila from, 37, 159; Dutch 
retire to, 169; Moro embassy to, 41, 297; Spanish embassy to, 43, 302, 303; 
Manila envoy detained in, 47, 235, 236; Spanish prisoners in, 35, 13, 145, 146, 
149, 151, 160, 43, 126; Benavente in, 240, 241; Ali-Mudin educated in, 47, 247; 
frequent murders in, 48, X2i, 122 ; Dutch military forces in, 288 ; British retire to, 
50, 45; Chinese tax in, 51, 229. Way station, 43, 2x9, 240, 241, 47, 249; Dutch 
supply station, 35, 153; trade center, 43, 174, 51, 159; trades with Manila, 
38, 202; trade with Formosa, 35, 150; smuggling at, 38, 280; desires trade 



80 the Philippine islands [Batavia 

Batavia (continued) — 

with Mexico, 47, 241; slaves sold in, 48, 51; tea plants ordered from, 52, 3»7- 

Batavag (vill. in Luzon) : Dom. in, 31, 287. 

Batay y Batanguey (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 106. 

Batista, Anton (Span.) : confers with natives, 3, 203. 

Bato (encomienda): status (1591), 8, in. 

Bato (chief of Minanao) : spy despatched by, 11, 293. 

Batobalos (vill. in N. Luzon) : Span, force in, 14, 297. 

Batobato (vill. in Panay) : visita of Passi {q. v.), 33, 217. 

Batochina (Batachina, Battachina), (capital and district of Gilolo Is. [9. «.]) : mean- 
ing of words, 4, 131; identified, 37, 105; location, 36, 103; Christian settlements 
in, destroyed, 38, 102. 

Baton (encom.): status (1591), 8, 135. 

Batons (encom.): status (1591), 8, 1x2. 

Batrez, Pedro, O.P.: sketch, 30, 283. 

Batua: sultan of J0I6, 43, 174. 

Batuga (Moro) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 

Batunan (vill. in Mindanao) : pop., 4, 283. 

Batunun (captain, Samal chief) : his election, 43, 207. 

Baua (vill. in Pampanga) : Aug. in, 38, 141, 144. 

Bauang (Baoan, Bauan), (vill. in Batangas Prov.) : population (1893 and zooo), 
33, 210; earthquake in (1677), 43, 169; Aug. in, 33, 210, 213, 38, 130, 165, 37, 
150, 163, 178, 208, 237, 26a 

Bauang (Bauan, Bavan, vill. in Union Prov., formerly in Ilocos) : pop., 33, 210; 
insurgents invade, 38, 176, 183, 184; native appointed sargento-mayor of, 186; aid 
asked for, 186 ; gunpowder stored in, 189 ; soldiers in, 189 ; attempt to rally natives 
in, 190; its diocese, 33, 296; Christian Igorots in, 37, 280; piety of natives, 38, 
186; Aug. in, 17, 195 (status), 33, 296, 34, 74, *¥h *8, *5*, 37, 178, 208, 38. 
182-189; missionary escapes from, 38, x88. 

Bauar (Igorot miss.) : Aug. administer, 38, 167. 

Baubuen (Bauguen, vill. in Zambales) : establishment and location, 43, 43 ; idolatrous 
practices in, 53; Dom. in, 38, 235, 41, 250, 252, 43, 53; Dom. accept convent of, 
66. 

Bauliron (Jes. miss, in Bohol) : no. of tributes, 17, 208. 

Bautista, Anastasio: commands reinforcements, 49, 1x9. 

Bautista, Carlos, O.S.A.: dignities enjoyed by, 37* 237, 255, 43, 131, 189; sketch, 

37, 237. 
Bautista, Eugenio: signs petition, 35, 200. 

Bautista, Juan (in Magalhaes's fleet) : his skill, 34, 159; captured, 159. 
Bautista, Capt Juan (Span.) : his appointment and services, 34, 175; his arrogance, 

176; slain, 176. 
Bautista, Juan, O.P.: acts as witness, 13, 99. 
Bautista, Juan, O.S.A. (lay-brother) : sketch, 34, 57. 
Bautista, Juan, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 129. 
Bautista (Baptista), Juan (Joan), O.S.F.: his name, 6, 132; his miss, to China 

( z 577), At 309, 6, 131-134; accompanies Perez Dasmariflas, 15, 164; commended, 

*8, 330; complaint against, 19, 155; helps found Misericordia, 38, 126. 
Bautista, Juana: wife of Goncalo Flores, 45, 106. 
Bautista, Pascual: helps found brotherhood of Jesus, 38, 306. 



Bays] index 81 

Bautista (Baptists), Pedro, O.S.F.: attempts to found hospital, 14, 211; desired in 
Japan, 9, 29; envoy to Japan, xo, 14, 56, 122, 125, 127, 129, 133, 140, 147, 148, 
14, 220; carries letters to Japan, 9, 123; Rivadeneira accompanies, 10, 142; 
martyred, 25, 248, 15, 122, 123, 30, 134; sketch, 8, 233; characterized, 9, 56, 57; 
signs opinion, 7, 315, 8, 231; letters, cited, 9, 142, 147, 194, 47, 78; facsimile of 
autograph, 8, 7, 231. See also Blazquez y Blazquez Villacastin. 

Bautista, Pedro, O.S.F. (provincial): complains of Pamplona, 37, 28; testimony 
of, 274. 

Bautista (Baptists), Capt Pedro: illtreats natives, 35, 66, 67; slain, 29, 30, 35, 

67,78. 

Bautistilla: 14, 13a See Vera, Juan Bautista. 

Bay (Bal, Vahi, encomienda and village in Laguna [9. v.]): population (1582), 5, 
89; status (1591), 8, 116; Coloma exiled to, 37, 270, 271; Aug. in, 8, 116, 17, 
190 (status), 33, 2*5. *S8, 295. *4, 74, 109, 130, 25, »57» 37, «5*» "4, *", *& 
237; ceded to Fran., 38, 147, 168. 

Bayaban (vill. in Luzon) : Span, in, 14, 286 ; submits, 286 ; religions oppose alcalde- 
mayor, 32, xi 2. 

Bay an (vill.) : native of, deposes, 4, 181. 

Bayauan (Bayauan, vill. in Negros) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 309; population 
(1878), 38, 321; Rec in, 38, 321, 322. 

Bayban (vill. in Leyte) : a Jesuit mission, 38, 9a 

Baybay (Baibai, Baibay, Baybay, Vaybay, dist and village in Leyte) : name applied 
to island, 5, 51; Magalhaes's fleet at, 1, 265; asylum for fugitives, 3, 145, 146; 
raids by its people, 145, 146; status (1591), 8, 130; population (1612), 17, 204; 
its encomendero, 11, 292, 295; Mor. fleet in, 35, 153; Mor. sack, 41, 313; Jes. in, 

13, 171* *7, 204, 38, 151, 172, 36, 55. 

Baybay (Baibai, suburb of Manila): location, 14, 247, 16, 30, 196, 27, 82; Chinese 
in, 14, 247, 16, 30, 196, 198, 17, 210, 33, 232, 37, 82, 30, 226, 237; tribute in, 

14, 247; destroyed by Are, 30, 250, 42, 261; Dom. in, 17, 210, 23, 232, 30, 237; 
church in, 217, 2x8, 229. 

Baye (vill.) : natives of, hanged, 34, 277. 

Bayllo (Vayllo), Alonso de, O.P.: his mission to Mexico, 31, 157, 262; prov'l of 
Oajaca, 158. 

Bay6 (Tagacaolo) : enslaved, 43, 242 ; baptized, 242. 

Bayo, Bernardo Ignacio del (de), (commander of gall.) : supersedes Arcocha, 42, 303, 
304; fails to arrive at Manila, 309. 

Bayoc: appellation for priest, 38, 236. 

Bayocos (vill.): Span, in, 14, 286; submits to Span., 286. 

Bayog (vill.) : Span, in, 35, 99. 

Bayon, Mateo, O.S.F. : 37, 263. See Vallo. 

Bayona (city in Spain) : Indians carried to, 2, 28. 

Bayot, Francisco (gov. of Zamboanga) : makes treaty with Ali Mud in, 51, 28. 

Bayot, Juan (commandant at Zamboanga) : routs Moros, 50, 45. 

Bayot, Miguel, O.S.F. (bp. of Cebu) : sketch, 42, 45. 

Bats, Gulfs, and Harbors — 

In General: usual location in tropical islands, 38, 271 ; resembles strait, 1, 3x3; in 
Straits of Magellan, 3x9, 33, 75, 77. Discovered in Luz6n, 3, 82; good, in Luz6n, 
298; many, in Luzon, 16, 233, 36, 190; in Cagayan Prov., 7, 38, 30, 173. 34» 
31, 409; in Batangas Prov., 28, 283. Formed at Cebu, 3, 194; on Chinese coast, 



82 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Bays 

Bats, Gulfs, and Harbors (continued) — 
226; in Nueva Espafia, 14, 272; in Babuyanes Is., 31, 114, 116; many in Brazil, 
33, 295; in Pescadores Is., 35, 137; in Mindoro, 36, 196; Fajardo reconnoiters, 
38, 128; in Mindanao, 266, 283, 39, 81; in Formosa, 95; in Batan (Bashee) Is., 
97, 109, zxo; good in Marinduque, 44, 41. 

Names - 

Acapulco, distance from Monterey Harbor, 14, 272; views, 37, 163, 39, 188. 

Aguada Segura, Candish in, if, 294. 

Albay (Aluay, Alvay), location, 11, 154, 38, 284; Noordt in, 140, 154, 174, 228, 

15, 207 (view). 

Antique, surveyed, 43, 135; location, 137. 

Arabian, Port in, 1, 308; a trade route, 4, 150; 37, 89, 90, 94. 

Baganga, Span, in, 3, 68. 

Baguindanao, location, 34, 285. 

Bala, location, 38, 284. 

Baler, location, 38, 287. 

Batangas, beautiful, 33, 263 ; Navarrete passes, 38, 38. 

Bengal, location, 36, 198 ; Negrito studied in, 43, 114. 

Bigan, Mandayas live about, 33, 148. 

Bolinao, location, 38, zn. 

Bondo y Caporagua, encomienda on, 8, 124. 

Borney, Span, in, 4, 184. 

Boronga, shipwreck in, 47, 69. 

Botany, Eng. penal colony, 53, 31, 344. 

Bulusan (Bulsnan), location, 38, 284. 

Butuan, river flows into, 31, 222. 

Cadiz, trading fleet in, 21, 265. 

Cagayan (in N. Mindanao), Span, in, 3, 65 ; location and origin of name, 40, 312. 

Caldera, surveyed, 43, 143 (see also Caldera). 

Californias explored, 14, 183; Vizcaino at mouth of, 184, 186; location of mouth, 

16, 205, 31, 185; sentinel stationed near entrance, 33, 67; Dutch trade on, 47, 235. 
Cambaya, location, 33, 365, 366. 

Canton, Span, in, 33, 65. 
Caporaguay, mines at, 5, 99. 
Capul, location, 15, 239. 

Casiguran (Casiguran), location, 38, 287; size, 41, 96, 97. 
Catamban, location, 15, 239; galleons wrecked in, 239, 240, 37, 191. 
Cauit, location, 33, 357. 

Cavite, origin of name, 16, 108 ; described, 108 ; view, 36, 215 ; see also below, 
Manila. 
Ccbu (Cebu), an excellent harbor, 5, 43, 34, 390; described, 33, 161. 
Chinese (China), identified, 33, 334, 34, 129 (see also Sinus Magnus). 
Cibabao, Span, at, 3, 201. 

Cobos, identified, 15, 115; Mend ana's ship in, 114, 115. 
Cochinchina, Gallinato in, 15, 86. 
Copiap6, location, 39, 53. 
Cresonensus, location, 1, 209. 
Dait, location, 38, 284. 
Dapitan, location, 44, 54. 
Darien, Tierra Firme partly on, 4, 106. 



Bays] index 83 

Davao (Davao), native races living on, 40, 223, 43, 211, 287; Span, conquest 
of region about, 194-197; see also below Tagalooc. 

Desvelos, Span, at ( ?), 33, 300. 

Dibut, location, 28, 287. 

Drake, shipwreck in, 14, 183. 

Dttmanquilas, location, 27, 217; river of, 259; inhabitants living on, 43, 283. 

El Baradero, described, 36, 196. 

Famine Port, name for Span, settlement at Strs. of Magellan, 15, 61. 

Firando, Japanese obstruct, 15, 261, 262. 

Formosa, described, 22, 97. 

Ganges, location, 1, 209. 

Great, in Span, demarcation, 1, 27, 309, 310; Port in, 309; see also above, Chin- 
ese; and below, Magnus. 

Guinea, penal colony proposed for, 52, 31. 

Haynao (Haynau), location, 31, 120; shoals in, 1x3; pearl-fishery in, 120; 
storm on, 3a, 268. 

Ibalon (Ibal6n, Ybalon, Ybalon, Yvalon), population at (1582), 5, 97; en- 
comienda on, 8, 125, 9, 100; villages on, 34, 309, 31a 

Igan, described, 39, 82, 83. 

Iligan, location, 44, 68. 

Illana, location, 27, 2x7, 43, x8x, 44, 68; villages on, 27, 272, 44, 64; Mor. 
inhabit shores of, 43, 283, 287; settlements on, destroyed, 51, 5a 

Hog (Il&g, Ylog), village near, 39, 84, 41, 159, 235; Rec mission on, 23, 238. 

Iloilo, location, 29, 266 (see also Iloilo). 

Kaili (Caile), described, 38, 66; Span, in, 66, 68. 

Kelung, islands in, 3*, 157, 35, 136. 

Kocchi, location, 3a, 269. 

Korean, province bordering, 18, 207. 

Laguan, its former name, 15, 1x5 (see also above, Cobos). 

Lampon, location, 28, 285; Span, galleon in, 37, 81; missions about, 41, 96. 

Liangan, Christian families about, 21, 245. 

Lingayen (Lingayen), location, 28, 302; river flowing into, 31, 140. 

Lomas, bay identified as, 33, 3x1. 

Los Reyes, location, 33, 296. 

Lupa, encomienda about, 8, 135. 

Macajalar, location, 21, 303; rivers flowing into, 303, 44, 65. 

Magnus, Cape of, 1, 209; in Span, demarcation, 2x0; see also above, Chinese; 
and below, Sinus. 

Malaca, Dutch in, 17, 256. 

Malaga, Span, in, 2, 68 (see also above, Baganga). 

Malalag, Manobos live about, 43, 275. 

Mai amp ay a, described, 21, 3x2. 

Maletie, Span, take possession of, 3, 129. 

Malinao, location, 28, 284. 

Maludu, location, 43, 173. 

Manila, location, 3, 298, 4, 27, 5, xor, 18, 93, 94, 103, 28, 301, 3x2, 41, 93, 49, 
X04; resembles a gulf, 3, 91; described, 91, 92, 16, 107, xo8, 21, 128, 23, 195-197, 
39, 88; size, 3, 148, 4, 28, 5, 83, 47, 88; its entrances, 4, 27, 23, 196; its beauty, 
196 ; rivers flowing into, 243, 34, 309 ; island in, 25, 17, 185, 49, 2x9 ; country about, 
described, 36, 193; character of soil about, 51, 126; gold on shores of, 143; ven- 



84 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Bays 

Bats, Gulfs, and Harbors (continued) — 
davals dangerous in, 3, 103, ia, 227; navigation difficult in, 19, 167, 33, 275, 24, 
160, 36, 89. Villages on, 3, 97, 5, 89, *5, 48, 34, 310, 36, 237, 41, 127, 167, 49. 
311 ; provinces on and near, 5, 103, 37, 3x0, 30, 134; encomienda on, 34, 308; forti- 
fications (see Military) ; curacies on, 36, 96 ; Hindus colonize, 198 ; Malays settle 
about, 199; its commercial importance, 16, 146, *8, 202, 29, 66, 39, 85; Goiti in, 
3, 103 ; Legazpi reaches, 153 ; tribute collected about, 3, 266, 267 ; Limahon anchors 
near, 4, 27; Limahon enters, 31; Span, fleet and ships in, 15, 73, 17, xx8, 250, 
M, 214, 31, 78, 34, 439, 37, 190, 39, 85, 42, 191, 49, 4*, 3*95 Dutch vessels in, 
15, 206, 211, 212, 329, 16, 68, 17, 15, «*, «*, 227, 18, 44, 52, 231, 235, »5o, 
295, 19, 200, 212, 220, 22i, 259, ao, xi, 32, 33, 97, xo8, 227, m, 127, 35, x8, 228, 
256, 46, 56, 47, 19, 231 ; Dutch blockade, 15, 206, 2xx, 2x2, 18, 295, 35, x8, 228, 
256; Chinese ships in, 15, 272 (see also Commerce) ; English ships in, 20, xx, 32, 
33, 49, 14, 46, 83, 145, 2ox, 202, 284, 3x2; British control, 145; Goa ships in, 
37, 307; native ships in, 51, 88; shipwrecks in, 29, 167, 37, 207; sentinels posted 
in, 16, x8o, 33, 286; Mor. invade, 29, 94, xx6, 273, 41, xxx, 305, 3x0, 48, 199, 
2x8, 50, 32, 51, 93; Mastrili reaches, 29, 122; Dewey's victory in, 52, 199; quar- 
antine station in, 321; plans and charts, 4a, 147, 43, 35, 129, 49, frontispiece, 50, 
7, 201; see also Manila, and Ships. 

Marivelez (Mariveles), size, 16, 232; Perez Dasmarifias in, 15, 164; Morga in, 
22x ; Alcega returns to, 230; Legazpi in, 16, 232; Eng. in, 47, 233, 51, 88; chart, 

49, 199. 

Marayuma, Dutch in, 11, 143. 

Mati, Mor. live about, 43, 203. 

Mayo, Mor. live about, 43, 203, 205. 

Mazaua, Span, in, a, 64 (see also Islands: Mazaua). 

Mindoro, an excellent harbor (now Puerta Galera), 5, xxx. 

Maguin, encomienda borders, 34, 305. 

Monterey (Monte Rey), location, 14, 270, 271, 272, 273; Vizcaino discovers and 
knows, 184, 273 ; colonization of, suspended, 273-276. 

Mosamboy, location, 36, 254. 

Naga, location, 28, 284. 

N. Segovia, an excellent port, 5, 26. 

Occia, location, 3, 225, 226. 

Pampanga, location, 23, 196. 

Pangasinan, extent, 5, 105. 

Panguil (Pangi, Pangil, Pangue), location, *8, 96, 35, 93; origin of name, 
40, 119; tributes collected about, 28, 96; Jes. mission on, 171; Span, in, 29, 162; 
villages on, 36, 6x, 44, 68 ; tree-dwellers inhabit shores of, 40, 125. 

Paracale, location, 28, 284. 

Patungan, location, 41, 3x8. 

Pe-chili, location, 18, 207. 

Peris, location, 28, 284. 

Persian, trade route, 4, 150, 27, 86, 88, 90; Port in, I, 308; pearl fisheries in, 
*7, 95, 33 t 35*; Eng. in, 47, 235. 

Polloc, location, 46, 48 ; how sheltered, 48. 

Possession, bay identified as, 33, 3x1. 

Puerto Deseado, Span, at, 33, 300. 

Quibot, location, 49, 32. 

Realejo, location, 39, 53 ; Eng. in, 137. 



Beaterios] INDEX 85 

Resurrection (in Mindanao), Span, in, a, 72. 

Sacayan, a, 65; tec above, Cagayan; and Macalajar. 

San Diego, Vizcaino discovers, 14, 184. 

Saint (Sainte, Santo), Julian (Iulian, Julianno), location, 33, 300; Magalhaes it, 
1, 3x2, 318, 33, 14, 65, *7» *95» 300, 304, 305, 309; mutiny at, 307, 34. 157; &* 
and game plentiful in, 305; shipwreck near, 33, 3x3; length of day at, 3x4; 
chart, 86. 

San Lucar, "Victoria" enters, 34, 143. 

Santa (Saint) Lucia (Lucy's), described, 33 f 296; Magalhaes at, 295. 

San Miguel, outlet of Naga Riv., 5, 93. 

Santissima Trinidad, location, M, xox. 

San (Sant) Pedro, location, a, 114; Legazpi in, 3, 129, 23, 146. 

Sarangani, location, 39, 45; described, 46, 47; peoples inhabiting shores of, 40, 
298, 43, 196, 287; Span, take possession of, 284. 

Siam, location, 19, 3x7; countries bordering, 9, 198, 34, 171; Span, ships, 22, 
193; shoals in, 31, xox; Dampier in, 39, 92. 

Sibuguey, inhabitants on shores of, 43, 283 ; reduction at, 284. Silanga, location, 
*7, 260; Span, in, 26a 

Simuay, village on, burned, 41, 305. 

Sinus Magnus (Signo Magno), 33, 334, 34, 129; see above, Chinese; and Great. 

Sisiran, chart, 52, xx, 12, 355. 

Sorsogon, location, 28, 284. 

Soung, Wilkes in, 43, 144, 145, X47; see also J0I6. 

Subic, described, 41, 240, 47, 294. 

Tagalooc, 27, 259 (see above Davao). 

Taitai, Rec in, 21, 3x5. 

Todos Santos, Vizcaino discovers, 14, 184. 

Umirey, mission about, 41, 96. 

Ybalon (Ybal6n, Yvalon), see above, Ibalon. 

Yeguas, sailors drowned in, 31, 195; rough, 3a, 266. 

Ylog, 39. 84 («ce Hog). 

Ypolote, location, 31, 3x2. 
Bayug (Bayug, village in Mindanao): location, 35, 59; Span, fortify, 35, 104, 1x2; 

Manooc subdues, 40, 1x7; Jes. in, 28, 341, 36, 57; Rec. in, 35, 59, 60, 63, 94, 
X02; Rec. excluded from, 106; natives inconstant in religion, 40, 313, 3x4. 
Bayugo: 38, 1x7. See Pamboan. 
Bayuyo (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec admin., 28, 175. 
Bazquez de Lara, Gonzalo (notary) : punishment approved, 19, x8x. 
Beads: in barter and trade, 2, 109, xn, 1x5, 191, 16, 180, 33, 131, 40, 48; as presents, 
*> 136, 9. 60, 14, 283, 285, 289, 33, 59i *47» *49» *53» 3<» J «« tribute, 8, 250, 9, 
59, 14, 290; worn as ornament, 40, 135, 43, 277, 290, 291, 292; demanded by 
natives, 48, 132; blessed, worn, 30, 288 (see also Rosaries). 
Beatas (women who wear a religious habit) : requirements for, 28, 205 ; devout, 44, 
35, xi8, 46, 269; subject to religious orders, 44, 35, 1x8, 48, 179, 180; their work, 
44, 1x8; Viana consults, 49, 92. 
Beaterios (houses for pious women) : early Rec., 13, 247; compared to Beguines, 28, 
205; founded for Fil. orphan girls, 45, 259-261, 299; for Indian women, 47, 137; 
by whom they should be directed, 48, 179, 180; suppressed (1835-36), 51, 63. 
Las beatas de la Compania, 28, 135. Lovers of the Cross - described, 48, 179; by 
whom directed, 180. Santa Catalina - founded, 28, 145, 205, 43, 85; charitable 



86 the Philippine islands [Beatcrios 

Bbaterios (continued) — 

institution in, *8, 188; first prioress, 44, 202; bequest to, 43, x2x; progress 

related, 43, 88; failure of effort to extinguish it, 48, 155-157; attempt at episcopal 

visitation, 50, 42, 3x3. See also Education. 
Beaztegui, Pedro de: 31, 113. See Almonte de Verastegui. 
Becerra, Capt. Fernando (Span, officer): his trial, 18, 268, ao, 221, 222; commands 

ship, aa, 190; at Zamboanga, 27, 225; letter to Salazar, cited, 8, 6a 
Becerra, Fernando (Hernando), O.S.A.: misty life and labors, J4, 54, 68, 69, 132; 

dignities held by, 15, 109, 127, 132; illness and death, 134, 135; his renown, 54, 69. 
Becerra, Manuel (Span, minister of colonies, liberal) : his reforms, 46, 28, 358, 359, 

5a, 175 ; Retana writes, 46, 27, 335. 
Becerra, Capt Nicolas (Span, officer) : opposes insurgents, 38, 22a See also Bezerra. 
Becus: phonetic spelling for Backhouse (q. v.), 49, 172. 
Bedoya y Ossorio, Pedro (fiscal of Manila Aud.): opinions rendered by, 44, 269, 

275-279. 
Beer, William (librarian) : thanked, 12, 25. 
Beguer (Beger), Ramon (Raymundo), OJ\: accompanies expedition, ao, 263, 264; 

sketch, 263. 
Be'guines (religious women in Belgium) : founded (1184), 28, 205. 
Beirut (city in Syria) : spice-trade in, 16, 224. See also Barcito. 
Beistigui, Pedro de: 10, 229. See Almonte Verastegui. 
Bejar, Buentaventura de, O.S.A.: votes at chapter meeting, 4a, 21a 
Bejucay (vill.) : Recs. administer, 28, 175. 
Bel, Juan, O.P.: app. to Babuyanes miss., 43, 82; visits Batanes and revives miss., 

82, 48, X73. 
Bela, Mateo (soldier) : his pay, 26, 162. 
Belasco, Luis de: 5, 208. See Velasco. 
Belber, Pedro de: acts as witness, 18, 148. 
Beledeca (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 
Belen (Belem), Jerdnimo (Geronimo) de, O.P.: seaman's pay paid to, 26, x86; 

assigned to Camboja, 31, 176; obtains recall, 180; sketch, 31, 176, 37, 66. 
Belgio, Jacobo Francisco: acts as witness, 28, 3a 
Belin (Bellin, Belon), Gregorio, S.J.: acts as witness, 35, 224; priestly acts, 37, 2x8, 

293, 299, 39, 148, 149; political and semi-political acts, etc, 27, 226, 256, 257, 298, 

299, 28, 52, 53, 29, 142, 148, 149, 200, 35, xo6, 109-111; petitions aid from 

"Padre Capitan," 109-111; praises him, 1x2; sketch, 27, 2x7. 
Bell, Johannes Adam Schall von: 24, 300. See Schall von Bell. 
Bellarmino, Card. Roberto, S.J.: his catechism printed, 17, 70; sketch, 7a See also 

Books. 
Bello (Velio), Francisco, S.J.: his miss, to Rome, 36, 48, 73; sketch, 70; memorials 

by, ix, 68-73, 308. 
Bello, Francisco, O.S.A.: shipwrecked, 23, 226. 
Belloso (Beloso, Belosso, Veloso, Velloso), Diego de (Port adventurer): arrives in 

Camboja, 9, 173; lives in Camboja, 161; knows Cambodian language, x6x; Siamese 

capture, 76, 164, 197, 15, 79; seizes Siamese junk, 15, 80, 19, 195; acts as envoy, 

9, X4, X5, 76, 77, 86, 161, 163, 165, 166, X70, 17X, 173, 175, X78, 197, *99» *<>, 227, 

228, 15, 68, 79-81, 16, 254, 31, 76, 99, xix ; aids Cambodians, 9, 76, 86, x6x, 15, 

xox, 183, 16, 267; rewarded, 9, x6x, 15, 137, 154, 156, 159, 179, 31, xio; commands 

junk, 9, 197, 31, 78; quarrels with Bias Ruiz, 15, 151, 157; chosen leader, 19, 187; 

in battle with Cambodians, 16, 266, 19, 195; advises attack, 31, 94; wounded, 95; 



Benavides] index 87 

censored, 15, 143; goes to Laos, 131, 142; Malays threaten, 31, 150; slain, 15, 
189, 244, 277, 16, 269; sketch, 9, 76. Petitions, memorials, etc, by, 9, 161-170, 
171-173, X74, 175-180, IO, 238-241; letter to Dom., cited, 31, xxo. 

Bellows. See Tools. 

Belksin (Velloxin), Juan, O.S.A.: life and labors, 48, 76, 92, 103, xxx. 

Beltran (Veltran), Alonso (royal notary): takes possession of letters, 4, 167; goes 
to N. Espana, 7, 1x5; sells office, 115; signs official documents, 4, 152, 155, 156, 
I57» 159, **«» »*°\ X69, X70, X72, X73, X74, x8x, X83, X92, 230, 238, 303, 3°9» 6, 230, 

Beltran (Veltran), Francisco: acts as witness, 18, 286; money paid to, 36, 187. 

Beltran, Francisco, O. St J. of G.: superior, 47, 193; death, 193. 

Beltran, St. Luis, O.P. (name given as Luis Exarch de Bertrand in Resena biogrdf- 

ica)i rigorous in observance, 30, 147; miss, in Orient, 31, 262, 3a, 139, 244; 

sketch, 163 ; canonized, 37, 145. 
Beltran, Marcos, O. St J. of G. : acts as chaplain, 47, 195. 
Beltran, Pedro, O.S.A.: sketch, 4a, 297. 

Beltran de Manurga, Francisco (an accountant) : recommended for clerkship, 18, 129. 
Beltran de Manurga, Matias (an inspector) : recommended for clerkship, 18, 129. 
Beltran de Salazar, Joseph (sarg.-may.) : deputy of Misericordia, 47, 77. 
Beltroli, Joseph, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43, 7a 
Belver, Capt Luis de: drowned, 15, 23a 
Bemben (vill.) : its blankets, 27, 177. 
Benaian (Benaiam, prov. and people of Mindanao) : cannibals, 33, 243 ; chart, 

*30, 355- 

Benavente, Alvaro (Alvaro) de, O.S.A.: escapes Mor., 41, 323, 4a, 156; preaches, 
166; miss'y in China, 166, 2x1, 240; ministers to Chinese in Phil, 251; his voyage 
to Europe, 242-244, 292; negotiates trade treaty, 151; his negotiations in Rome, 
2x2, 244, 292-294; conducts miss, band to Phil., 20, 244, 295; his dignities, 19, 189, 
240; death, 166. 

Benavides, Juan de (Span, official) : candidate for gov., 33, 31; sketch, 31, 32. 

Benavides (Venavides), Miguel de, O.P.: joins Phil, miss., 30, 120; helps found Dom. 
prov. in Phil., 124; appointed preacher-gen., 209; assigned to Baybay, 217; his 
labors, etc, among Chinese, 7, 21, 234, 235, 236, 9, 149, 13, 106, 107, 13, 273, 280- 
282, 15, X85, 275, 276, 16, 30, 46, 30, x6, 2x7, 246-248, 249, 31, 183. 216-2x8; 
procurator in Spain, and negotiations incident thereto, 17, 256, 30, 282, 31, xo8, 
134, 2x8-227; his escape from drowning, 60, 2x9; his stay in Mexico, 2x9, 220; 
complaints by, against civil officials, 10, 14-17, 161-165, 13, 15; complains of 
soldiers, 10, 378; praises Perez Dasmarinas, 164-166; complaints against, 9-13, 
*7» *9~37> 56; civ^ officials insult, 31, 228; complains of religions, 10, 200, 13, 
9; opposes episcopal visit, 10, 300, 201. Nomination and appointment as bp., 9, 
X52, 10, 248, 15, 93, 31, 15, 137, "4, 51, 299; goes to bprc, 31, 227-229; 
resigns bishopric, 13, 14, 98-100; appointment as abp., 14, 98, xox, 112, 31, 329, 230, 
34, 438. Miscellaneous - ill-paid, 10, 201, 202; asks remission of debt, 202, 203; 
suggests difficulties, 280; objects to women in chapel, 12, 1x5; threatens excom- 
munication, 14, 72; natives petition, 327; in Manila, 31, 229; his confessor, 243; 
asks prayers, 3a, 23; Minaio accompanies, 41; member of Misericordia, 47, 27, 
91 ; official acts, 10, 281, 13, 241, 277, 284, 31, 53. Death and burial, 7, 334, 9, 
149, 16, 46, 398, 31, 53, 29, 35, 30, X32, 31, 236-238, 37> z^3; masses said for his 
soul, 17, X63, X70, 171; sketch, 7, 234, 9, 149, 31, 2x3-238, 51, 300. By his will 
founds college of S. Tomas, 9, 149, 14, 279, 17, x6, 156, 157, 159-161, 38, 136, 137, 



88 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Benavidcs 

Bbnavdes, Mcuel db (continued) — 

31, X5, »34f 3*, 9*1 99. xoi, 45, «7» *53» 249, 263, S»9, 46, 34©; hii character, 
etc, 14, 9» 29, 30, 7*, 30, 132, 209, 219, 256, 257, 31, 144, 180, 214, 215, 2x8-220, 
222-225, 227, 230-235, 237, 238. Writingi - letters to the king (June 30, 2598), 
IO, 14, X5, x6x-x66 (July 5, X598), X5, 166, 167 (May 17, 1599), x6, 17, X90-X97 
(May 32, X599), 17, 187, X98-203 (July 3, X603), 13, xox-xx2 (July 6, X603), xx2- 
126 (Dec. x6, 1603), 150-152; complaint against Chinese (Feb. 3, 1605), 13, 23, 24, 
271-276; reports, petitions, and memorials, 14, 38-43, &O t 15, 183-189, 31, 24-26, 
231, 232; letters, etc, cited, 10, X98, 277, 13, 1x2, 13, 249, 30, 8x, 14, xo, 31, 224, 
225, 238, 45, xx6. 

Benavides, Pedro de (Span, officer): takes part in attack against Chinese insurgents, 
14, X23, 39, 204, 2x4. 

Bencoolen (vill. in Sumatra) : Eng. settlement in, 39, 92. 

Bendara (Visayan chief, brother of Humabon) : takes oath of allegiance, 33, 163. 

Benegas, Angela (Span, woman) : captured by Dutch, 20, 59. 

Benegas, Pedro Flores: 18, 19a See Flores Benegas. 

Bengal (Bengala, Vengala, India): location, 14, 114, 34, 139; early history, 175; 
Dutch trading post in, 14, 114; products of, and exports, 16, 184, 19, 3x5, 37, 94, 
96, 51, 144, 150, 153, 158; imports, 19, 31X, 47, 257, 51, X27, 153; commerce and 
trade in, 19, 3x2, 51, 232; money used in, 28, 182; agents represent, 51, 150; 
insurance companies in, 40, 250; Portuguese in, 18, 197; inhabitants captured, 
34, 162, 39, 41, 42; chart, 34, X50. 

Bengalese (inhabitants of Bengal): expert weavers and spinners, 4a, 152; in 
Manila, 29. 

Benguet (prov. in Luzon): Igorots inhabit, 14, 302; population (1893), a 3» 278; 
geologic structure about, 20, 268; Galvey's exped. to (1829), 51, 54, 55; Aug. in, 
33, 278. 

Benguit, Pedro (soldier) : his pay, 36, 163. 

Benitez, Alonso, O.P. : arrives at Manila, 37, 86. 

Benitez (Benitez, Benitez), Capt Francisco: his men mutiny, 18, 77; attacks Moras, 
33, 134, 34, X45. 

Benitez, Pedro de, O.P. : arrives at Manila, 37, 85 ; sketch, 94. 

Benito, Domingo (Span, officer) : addresses his men, 40, 249. 

Benito, Roque, O.P.: sketch, 14, 85. 

Benjamin of Tudela: cited, 33, 333. 

Bennett, L. E. (American governor of N. Vizcaya) : cited, 48, 62. 

Benoit, Dr. Charles L. (French physician) : at Manila, 51, x68. 

Bentham, Jeremy (Jc remiss, Eng. philosopher): sketch, 36, 296; cited, 296. 

Bentura, Don (ruler of Siao) : death, 42, 123; successor appointed, 123, 124. 

Befiales, Diego, O.S.A.: sketch, 42, 296. 

Blrard, — de: French consul at Manila, 52, 142. 

Berart (Bertist, Verart), Raimundo, O.P.: arrival in Manila, 43, 31; rector in St. 
Tomas, 45, 155; influences and aids Pardo (as counsellor and attorney), 39, 146, 
X47, *53-*57> 2ox, 202, 206, 207, 2x3, 2x6, 244, 4^, 187, 280, 285, 51, 307; influences 
Aug., 39, x8x; influences Curuzelaegui, 231; influences visitor, 284, 285, 297; 
attacks govt, 208; Rosales petitions, 41, 260; instigates disturbances, 39, 295; 
exiled, X77, 209, 251, 255, 279, 295, 4a, 224; in N. Espafia, 39, 200, 4a, 280; 
sketch, 39, 154, 41, 260; writes remonstrance against Camacho, 42, 112, 285. 

Berberia: 4, 52. See Barbary. 

Berbers (inhabitants of Barbary) : valiant, 5, 197. 



Berrio] INDEX 89 

Berdozido, Pablo Francisco Rodriguez de. See Rodriguez de Berdozido. 

Berdugo, Andres, O.S.A.: elected dcfinitor, 35, 157; sketch, 157. 

Berenguer de Marquina, Felix (gov. of Phil.): assumes office (1788), 50, 11, X2, 
60; issues decree regarding appointments, 60; his plan for reforms, 6x, 69; tears 
down nipa houses, 68 ; attitude toward obras pias, 68 ; aids epidemic sufferers, 68 ; 
accused of selling offices, 68, 69; resigns office, 68; his residencia, 69; appointed 
viceroy of Mexico, 68; sketch, 17, 299, 30a 

Berenice (Egypt) : spice-trade with, 37, 89. 

Bererra, Capt — : takes part in Mindanao exped., 27, 274. 

Berganza (Duke of Port) : treats with Span, ambassadors, 1, 139. See also Portugal. 

Bergara, — : regidor of Manila, 5, 83. 

Bergira, Juan de (Rec): flees from Ilocos, 41, 73. See also Vergara. 

Berge, Jayme, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x4; sent to China, 120. 

Beriain, Antonio, O.P. : arrives at Manila, 43, 7a 

Bering, Vitus (Russian explorer) : in Alaska, 48, 208. 

Veristain, Juan de (alcalde of Manila): conducts Pardo into exile, 39, 169; excom- 
municated, 185. 

Berkat, Said (ruler of Ternate) : Acufia captures, 17, 3x8; sketch, 3x8. 

Berlin, — , S. J.: preaches to soldiers, 27, 258; presents ornaments to Mastrilli, 259. 

Bermans, — , S.J. (brother of following) : canonized, 34, 147. 

Hermans, Juan, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 34, 147; sketch, 147. 

Bermejo, Julian, O.S.A.: ex-provincial and parish priest, 38, 331; defends Cebti, 34, 
37; in Bohol exped., 38, 331. 

Bermejo, Rodrigo (Span, pilot) : death, 3, 34. 

Bermeo, Diego de, O.S.F.: sent to Japan, 16, 29; sketch, 29, 3a 

Bermudez, Bartolome, O.S.F.: upholds Corcuera, 35, 205. 

Bermudez (Bermudez), Domingo (Span, official): his inheritance, 35, 194; in pro- 
cession, 37, 282. 

Bermudez, Maria: her encomienda, 8, 108. 

Bermudez, Mateo (Matheo), O. P.: conducts missionaries, 37, 113; sketch, 36, 74; 
memorial by, cited, 74. 

Bermudez (Vermudez) de Castro, Capt Pedro: pursues Chin, pirates, 39, 155, 
157; stationed in Mindanao, 200, 35, xo6, X07. 

Bermudez (Vermudez) Gonzalez de Castro, Dr. Carlos (abp. of Phil.) : official acts 
by, 38, 145; consulted, 44, 200, 205, 209; rebukes Dom. prov'l, 203; sketch, 200, 
51, 309, 310. 

Bernal, Alonso, S.J. (a brother): shipwrecked, 37, 309. 

Bernal, Diego (secretary) : official acts, 35, 224, 234. 

Bernaldez, Pero (Port notary) : official acts, 3, 244-324. 

Bernaldez Folgueras, — (oidor) : report, cited, 51, 263. See following caption. 

Bern&ldez (Bernaldez), Pizarro, Manuel: chosen director of Soc Econ., 51, 38; 
characterized, 16; his report, 182-262, 275, 53, 308, 324. 

Bernard a, Pedro (explorer) : alleged explorations by, 48, 208, 209. See Fuente, B. 

Bernardino: 34, 45. See Castillo Ribera y Maldonado. 

Bernet, Nicola's, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 296. 

Bernori, John Baptist, O.S.A. : acts as procurator-general, 34, 420. 

Berramontano, Capt Ffernando: reduces villages in Phil., 9, 12, 8x. 

Berreaza (Berreaca), Miguel, O.P.: joins Phil, miss., 30, X20; dies on voyage, 123. 

Berrecili, Angelo Maria: cited, 37, 258. 

Berrio, Manuel de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27; sketch, 37, 67. 



90 THE PHILIPPINE islands [Bcrrocal 

Berrocal, Juan Maldonado de: a, 155. See Maldonado de Berrocal. 

Berthold (a crusader) : founds Carmelites, ai, 287. 

Bertram, Felipe (bp. of Salamanca) : confesses Alva, 50, 284, 285. 

Besco, Bartolome, S.J. : in Palapag, 36, 56 ; his negotiations with Chinese insurgents, 234. 

Betancos, Domingo, O.P.: refuses bprc, 30, 116; tries to found miss, in Phil., 116. 

Betaria (Guetaria), Juanes de: collector of tribute, 3, 308, 309. 

Betel. See Agriculture: monopolies; Buyo; and Plants and trees. 

Bethencourt, Jean de (French explorer) : at Canaries, 33, 291. 

Betis (Betis, Bites, Bitis, Vitis, encomienda and village in Pampanga, often con- 
nected with the village of Lubao, g, v., which formed part of the same en- 
comienda): location, 23, 2x4; population, 5, 85; character of people, 107; assigned 
in encomienda, 3, 2x7, 5, 107, 2x8, 8, xox, xca, 15, 53; official recommendation 
concerning, 3, 2x7; tributes collected in 4, xx2, 18, 96; natives defrauded, 5, 2x8; 
status (i59x), 8, xoi, 102; Aug. in, xox, 17, 194 (status), 34, 39, 42, X20, 35, 
X52, *8, X31, X65, 39, 253, 37, 15*. *o8 (church), 223, 254, 38. 14*- See also 
Rivers: Bids. 

Betono, Jos* de, O.S.A.: elected visitor, 37, 186; sketch, 186. 

Betuan: a, 126. See Butuan. 

Beyerlinck, Laurentius: sketch, 40, 193. See also Books. 

Beza, Francisco (archdeacon of Manila) : death, 39, 28a 

Bezerra, Capt. Fernando: tried, 19, 134; appointment, services, and salary, 23, 235; 
in Mindanao, 37, 287. 

Biacan (vill. in Luzon) : submits to Span., 37, 248. 

Biak-na-bat6 (Biac-na-bat6, vill. in Luzon) : pact of, 52, 190, 195-201, 206, 234; 
insurgents pardoned at, 257. See also Treaties. 

Biao (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Biao (rancheria in Mindanao) : its inhabitants, 43, 230, 278. 

Biara (Mindanao harbor): location, 11, 296; official act at, 296. 

Bibero, Francisco, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 122. 

Bibero, Rodrigo de: 14, 269, 332. See Vivero. 

Bibien Henriquez, Diego: 41, 188. See Vivien Henriquez. 

Bibliography: of Phil, defined, 53, 9; sources of study for Phil., 53, 13 3, 134; 
introductory essay to, 9-54; our objects, 9, xo; our divisions, xo, 12; collections of 
Philippics, 14-47. See also 53, in full; Archives; and Books. 

Bicagua (vill. in Camarines) : location, 5, 95. 

Bican, Capt — (a Chinese [?]): at Manila, 14, 19a 

Bicbic, Pedro (Hoc an official) : And a praises, 49, 168. 

Bicol. See Rivers; and Fil.; Bicol. 

Bicum (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bienbengud, Alonso de (Span, officer): artillery report (1607), 14, 201-207; mis- 
printed, 53, 335. 

Biezman (Bicsman, Viesman, Viezman), Lambert (Lamberto, Lanverto, Dutch naval 
officer) : commands ship under Noordt, 11, 232, 251, 15, 206, 301; sent on scouting 
expedition, 305, 306; pursued and captured, 226, 233, 235, 265; executed, 11, 
166, 200, 13, 128, I5» 233; a heretic, 11, 166, 200, 13, 128. 

Biga (Blga, vill. in Catanduanes Is.) : curacy in, 28, 154, 164. 

Biga (vill. in Luzon) : location and population (1582), 5, 91. 

Biga* (Bigaa, Big£a, Bigaa, vill. in Bulacan Prov.) : its former name, 23, 297; 
pop. (1893), 297; Aug. in, 28, 130, 165, 37, 15a See also, Caruya. 



Binondo] INDEX 91 

Bigan: 5, 193* See Vigan. 

Bignotan (encomienda in Ilocos) : assigned to college, 45, 208. 

Bigo (vilL in Luzon) : assigned in encom., 34, 308. 

Bila (vilL in Luzon) : submits to Span., 37, 348. 

Bilan (settlement in Mindanao) : location and population (1579), 4, 284. 

Bilancio (Bilancjo), Juan Dominico: 35, 93, 26, 266. See Vilancio. 

Bilana (Bilanes, Buluanes, non-Chris, tribe of Mindanao) : habitat, 34, 190, 43, 197, 
237, 282, 283; population, 34, 190, 43, 239, 283; language differs from Bagobo, 
239; worship, 239; characteristics, 239, 240, 283; unconquered by Mor., 199; 
superior to Mor., 239; Mor. allied with, 282; no reductions among, 240; converts 
among, 240; need miss's, 244. 

Bilar (vill. in Bohol, Rec. miss.) : status (1878), 28, 333. 

Bilbao ( Vilbao, Spain) : best rigging made at, 3, 216. 

Bilbao, — , S.J.: his expenses, 19, 35; shipwrecked, 37. 

Bililan (vilL) : assigned to crown, 34, 309. 

Billacon, Capt. Juan de: his appointment, 18, 271. 

Bilogan (vill.) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Binacayan (suburb of Cavite) : its inhabitants, 44, 44. 

Binalatongan (Binabatongan, Bina Lato-gan, Binalatonga, Binalat6ngan, Binaloton- 
gan, vilL of Pangasinan) : location, 3a, 208; status, 14, 245; population, 18, 99; 
Malong*s revolt in Pangasinan centers about, 38, 163, 164, 169, 170, 172, 178, 41, 
44, 60; bridge and village burned, 81, 176, 177, 180; Span, assault, 38, 177; 
Malong imprisoned in, 178; sacred image returned to, 179; executions in, 179, 
2x0, 41, 85; fortified, 38, 203; insurrection in (1762), 49, 145, 146, 302, 303; 
Dom. in, 17, an (status), 28, 159, 174, 30, 208, 211, 259, 32, 20, 67; attitude 
of natives toward friars, 30, 2ix ; chapter meeting held in, 3a, 67. 

Binalbagan (Binalbagan, Binalgaban, Binalgaban, vill. in Negros) : Jes. in, 21, 244; 
Rec. in, 244, 245, 28, 3x9, 36, 146; a curacy, 28, 162, 164. 

Binangonan (vill. in Rizal Prov.) : marble-quarries in, 28, 203. 

Binangonan (Binangoa, Binangonan de los Perros, Binangonan of the Dogs, vill. 
in M6rong [formerly part of Laguna] Prov.) : reason for name, 42, 266; location, 
35, 280, 42, 266, 44, X05; small, 266; Navarrete in, 37, 289; Aug. in, 28, 147, 
x68, 4a, 266, 267, 44, 105; Fran, in, 28, 147, 168, 35, 280, 42, 267; Jes. in, 266, 
44, 105 ; transfers of, 28, 147, 168, 42, 266, 267, 44, 105. 

Binangonan (Binangonan, Binang6nan, Binangonan de Lanipon, vill. in Infanta 
[formerly Laguna] Prov.) : location, 28, 3x1, 35, 282, 36, 217, 41, 94, 96, 42, 
266; Rec in, 21, 247, 28, 310, 31X, 41, 14, 95, 96; Fran, in, 28, 157, 169, 35, 
282 (status of convent), 293, 36, 217, 41, 94; in see of N. Caceres, 28, 153, 283, 
286. 

Bincan, Capt (Chinese [?]): at Manila, 14, 189. 

Bindoro: 6, X30. See Mindoro. 

Binmaley (Bimmalay, Birmaley, vill. in Pangasinan) : Dom. in, 28, 159, 174, 3a, 
19, 20, 43, 66; baptisms in, 32, 19, 20; convent has vote, 43, 66, 

Binnangan (vill.) : Moros burn, 35, 154. 

Binondo (Binondoc, Binondoc, Milongo, Minondoc, Vindanoc, Vinondo, Vinondoc, 
suburb of Manila): location, 16, 35, 35, 230, 42, 26x, 46, 333, 47, 217, 51, X69; 
population, 27, 1x4, 51, 199; Dasmarinas founds and owns, 30, 226, 229; its 
bridge, 28, 252; Chin, in, 16, 198, 22, 289, 35, 230, 30, 226, 36, 235, 42, 260, 
50, 200 (see also below regarding their missions) ; Chin, insurgents attack and 



92 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Binondo 

Binondo (continued) — 

fortify, 24, 3x0, a9, 2x9, 31, x86; Span, guard, 16, 35-37, 36, 343; burned, 39, 
228, 251, 31, 186, 37, 67, 68, 39, 140, 4*, 260, 261; Parian erected near, 37, 67; 
Tag£log theater in, 46, 333; Chin, comedy represented at, 50, 67; Span, in, 47, 
871 51, 307; British sack, 49, 249; shipyard at, 50, 69, 70; decree sent to people 
of, 51, 45; tobacco factory at, 5a, 92. Dom. in (their work and interests), 14, 
109, 16, 30, 17, 210, JO, 232, a8, 128, 140, 173, x88, 39, 33. ai9> 3<>, x6, X20, 
x89, 226-234, 3a, xx, 77, X02, X79, 35, 26, 36, 9a, »X2, 37, xo8, X09, 196, 41, *49, 
255, 47, 217; transferred to Coll ado faction, as, 291, 35, 33; Chin. hosp. in, ao, 
238, 239, 30, X25, 35, 33; church in, 30, 229; friars fortify, 29, 2x9; attempt 
at episcopal visitation, 37, 196; Dom. abandon, 196; Chin, celebrate religious 
feast, 4 a, 260; beaterio founded by woman of, 44, 118, 51, 169; secular priests 
appointed in, 50, 30 ; value of curacy of, 144. 
Binang (Binan, Binan, Binan, Vinan, vill. in Laguna Prov.): location, 4a, 224, 
49, 266; swamps of, 29, 205, 211; Chinese insurgents in, 205, 211, 251; des troy ed, 
251; its administration, 36, 96; Camacho visits, 4a, 47-51. 
Bintan (Oriental dist): hostile to Port, 4, 229. 

Binto (encomienda in Pampanga) : population (1582), 5, 85; status (1591), 8, 103. 
Birabira (vill.) : lime-kilns in, 37, 203. 

Birac (Birac, vill. in Catanduanes Is.) : curacy of, 28, 154, 164. 
Birbiesca, — (official in Mex.): despatches ships to Phil., 14, 331. 
Bans — 

In general: abundant in various localities, 3, 297, 7, 38, 41, 43, ia, 2x6, 16, 
91, 235, 19, 283, ai, 226, 227, 308, 3x3, 39, 3»°, 34, i2i 9 28x, 43, X4»; ■<»«* "> 
Igorot country, 20, 268 ; scarce in Palaos, 41, 50; hunted, 7, 38 ; method of snaring, 
15, X07, xo8; used as food, 1, 323, 330, 7, 34, 16, 92, ai, X38, 33, 99, 4*, 3" J 
superstitious beliefs regarding, 7, 189, 30, 287, 288, 37, xoo, 47, 19, 307-309; as 
sacrificial offerings, a, 139, ai, 138, 3a, 55, 38, 2x7, 40, 77; worshiped, ia, 21, 
X38, 265, a9, 283-285, 34, 3X9, 35, 38, 40, 70, 333 J in folk-lore, 34, 131, «70, 
40, 73; in trade and barter, 16, 180, 19 3x8, 40, 360; carry cinammon, 1, 306; 
seeds, etc., scattered by, 38, 49; island named for, 23, 134; described by Pigafetta, 
33* 39, 4*; serpents destroy, 35, 30a Aquatic, 3, 5*, «» 216, ai, 3x3, a9, 3x0, 
34, 38i, 41, 50; game, 7, 34, ai 197; singing, scarce in Phil., 16, 91. 

Nests -made from sea-foam, 38, 43; cinnamon found in, 1, 306; edible, called 
salangana, ai, 308; found in various localities, ai, 309, 3x0, 38, 43, 43, 189, 47, 
*55> 49, 3i, 5a, 3x9; Chin, esteem, ai, 306, 38, 43, 43, 159, x^95 described, ai, 
309, 38, 43, 44; in trade, a 1, 307-309, 38, 43, 44, 43, 169, 47, 257, 51, *34- 

Names — 

Algarobia, native to N. Espana, 23, 2x3 (see also below, Mezquit). 

Anas boschas (Anades), found in Phil., 35, 300 (see also below, Ducks). 

Apira, 40, 342 (see also below, Lapira; Pirapira; and Tictic). 

Avestruz, appellation for Ostrich (g. v.), a, 34. 

Bathala, appellation for Irene cyanogastra (q. v.), ia, 265. 

Bluebird, Fairy, Forbes describes, ia, 265 (see also below, Irene turcosa). 

Booby, described, 4a, 3x1; Dampier sees, 38, 246; Span, catch, 4a, 311; see 
also below, Dodo ; and Pajaro bobo. 

Boatswain, appellation for Stercorarius (q. v.), 33, 294. 

Cagassela (cagaselo), identified, 33, 294; Pigafetta describes, 41; see also below, 
Stercorarius. 



Birds] 



INDEX 93 



CaUndrias, x6, 91 (see below, Larks, calendar). 

Calcophafs indica, described, 31, 205, 40, 134; superstitious beliefs regarding, 
31, 205, 40, 134, 43> 238, 306; see also below, Limocon; and Turtledove. 

Cockatoo, habitat, 34, x6o, 161. 

Collocalia troglodites (a species of swift), wrongly called swallow, 31, 305; 
identified, 307; its nest described, 305-308 (see also above, nests) ; see also below, 
Hirundo esculenta ; Swallow ; and Swift 

Corocoro (eoloeolo), 24, 285 (see below, Sula piscatrix). 

Crane, found in Phil., 16, 92, 40, 227; crested, 16, 92. 

Crow, habitat, JO, 268; worshiped, 21, 138, 40, 333; scatter guava seeds, 
38, 49; sea, 16, 92; see also below, Meilupa, and Raven. 

Cuckoo, uses nests of other birds, 213, 2x3. 

Dendrocygna vagans, described, 16, 92 (see also below, Lapay). 

Dodo, Port appellation for booby (q. v.), 421, 3x1. 

Dove, habitat, 33, 133, 16, 91; in Visayan folklore, 5, 123; various species 
described, 16, 91, 92; in miracle, 321, 40; see also below, Pigeons; Ringdoves; and 
Turtledoves. 

Ducks, habitat, 5, 169, 6, 223, 7, 41, 12, 2x6, 16, 90, 92, 33, 48, 38, 283 ; kept 
under houses, 39, 26; used as food, 7, 34, 15, xxx; see also above, Anas bos c has. 

Eagle, habitat, 7, 42, 16, 92; royal, 235; see also below, Owls. 

Excalfactoria ckinensis, described, 1 6, 92; birds resembling, 91, 92; see also 
below, Pogo. 

Fimbari (jimbaro), Jap. appellation for calandria (q. v.), 16, 91. 

Flycatchers, found in Phil., 16, 92. 

Fowls (capons, chickens, cocks, hens, poultry, and pullets, both wild and do- 
mestic), found and reared in various localities (Phil, and elsewhere), 3, 65, xo8, 
US, X28, 202, 204, 223, 261, 3, 55, 169, 170, X71, 180, 191, 297, 4, 67, 176, 5, 4*, 
45. 47, 67, 169, 210, 2x2, 6, 149, 205, 223, 7, 38, 41, 44, 49. 8, 87, 25X, 9, 
290, 10, 55, 69, 305, ", x88, 28x, 16, 79, 90, 9X, xi8, 17, "2, 114, 31, 227, 
23, X33, 149, 35, 50, 27, 80, 28, 89, 39, 297, 33, 133, 153, 205, 207, 23X, 34, 
69, X07, xx5, X21, 38X, 383, 35, 300, 36, 201, 38, 48, 283, 43, 270, 49, 3*, 50, 
251, 267; scarce in Batan Is., 34, 99; Fil. better than Span., 4, 67; Fil. resemble 
Span., 35, 300; natives encouraged and required to rear, 10, 20, 17, 1x4, 302, 
303, 305, 50, 1x9, 251; natives abandon rearing of, 11, 94, 287; kept under houses, 
16, xx8, 39, 26; method of supplying Manila with, 10, 308-3x0; annual con- 
sumption, 18, 303; superstitious beliefs regarding, 5, 169, 43, 306. In trade and 
barter, I, 68, 4, 54, 224, 225, 6, 139, X40, 7, 227, IO, 75, 246, 296, 305, 1 1, 293, 
16, 106, 128, 179, 18, 302, 303, 22, 155, 156, 33, 41; used as food, 1, 3x6, 3, 
202, 268, 6, 51, 52, 7, 34, 15, 107, xxx, 16, 90, 92, 18, 304, 322, 325, 30, 238, 
33, 144, 168, 177, 37, 293, 294, 347, 38, 62, 30, 3x2, 31, 59, 33, 41, 219, 265, 

295, 36, 301, 39, 27, 59, 61, 41, 50, 43, 164, 264; as presents, 3, 95, *3, 131, 15*1 
*7, 273, 39, 254, 33, 109, 147, 213, 277, 40, 206; paid as tax or trib., 3, 24X, 308, 
4, 286, 299, 6, 191, 7, 44, 8, 290, 11, 94, 13, 109, 14, 290, 29X, 293, 15, 51, 

296, 16, 158, 18, 317, 23, 220, 223, 261, 50, 193, 51, 84 (see also Tributes) ; 
used in sickness, 4, 235, 8, 284, 9, 90; given as alms (usually in hosp.), 6, 3x9, 
320, 7, 267, 8, 248, 249, 10, 250, 11, 82, 14, 262, 18, 1x4, 34, 206, 35, 283, 47, 
x 34, 137, l6 7» 224, 226, 227, 50, 146; as offering or sacrifice, 7, 191, 12, 270, 13, 
59, 31, 137, 209, 39, 286, 40, X35, 43, 237, 296; as wages and fee, 10, X50, 35, 
64; as ransom, 33, 235. Buried with dead, 7, 194, 195; stored in magazines, 8, 



94 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Birds 

Buds (continued) — 

289; friars supplied with, 10, 76; natives steal, 1 1, 156; Dutch seize, 17, 112; 
natives kill and abandon, 33, 153, 31, 267; Span, kill, 34, 260; garrison supplied 
with, 11, 299, 300; Dutch keep yards for, 17, 112; snakes eat, 51, 142. 

Gallus bankiva, domesticated in Phil., 33, 324. 

Gannet, Fishing, 39, 285 (see below, Sula piscatrix). 

Garuda, a fabulous bird, 34, 129, 17a 

Geese, found in various localities, 16, 90, 33, 231, 34, 69; in trade and barter, 
5, 169, 10, 296, 16, 180, 33. 4i- 

Giachiy species of parrot (q. v.), 34, 161 (see also below, Loory). 

Gracula (grackle), imported from China, 51, 127. 

Gull, pursued by Stercorarius parasiticus, 33, 294. 

Hawk, hostile to martin, 51, 127 (see also below, Sparrow hawk). 

Heron, found in various localities, 12, 216, 15, xzz, 16, 92, 235; bird compared 
to, 19, 318 ; feathers, as ornament, 22, 53. 

Hirundo esculenta (error for C olio c alia troglodiUs, q. v.), in Marofigas, 43, 159 
(see also below, Swallow). 

Irene cyanogastra, worshiped, 12, 265 (see also above, Bathala; and below, 
Tigmamanukin) . 

Irene turcosa, described, 12, 265 (see also above, Bluebird). 

Jay, found in Phil., 16, 92. 

Jungle fowl, 33, 324 (see above, Gallus bankiva). 

Kaseles y in Mindoro, 38, 37 (see also below, Snake-bird). 

Kite, in folklore, 5, 127, 40, 73. 

Lapay, 16, 92 (see above, Dendrocygna vagans). 

Lapira, 40, 342 (see below, Ticttc). 

Laridae, appellation of family, 33, 294. 

Lark, calendar, imported from Japan, 16, 91, 183. 

Lavanco, found in Phil., 16, 92. 

Limocon (limdcon, limoconcdn) , 21, 205, 40, 134 (see above, Calcophaps indict). 

Linnet, in Igorot country, 20, 268. 

Loory (Lori), generic name for parrots (q. v.) 34, 160, 53, 346 (see also below, 
Noyras). 

Mamuco Diata, meaning of term, 1, 335 (see also below, Paradise). 

Martin, habitat, 51, 127; destroys locusts, 50, 52, 51, 127, 266, 53, 313; intro- 
duced from China, 50, 52, 52, 3x3. 

Maya, described, 16, 92 (see also below, Munia jagori; Ploceus baya; and 
Ploceus hypoxantha). 

Maynelas, diminutive of Maina, 16, 92 (see immediately below). 

Mayuelas, in Phil., 16, 92. 

Megapodius cumingi (tabon, [7. v.]), habitat, 21, 198, 33, 331; described, 5, 
X67, 19, 284, ai, X97, 198, 39, 303, 33. 133; how young are hatched, 5, 167, 19, 
284, 31, 198, 39, 303, 33, X33 J egg*, ***** *» food. 5, x«7, 31, X98, 39, 303, 33, 
*33- 

Meilupa (met lupa), meaning of term, 13, 265, 39, 284 (see also above Crow; 
and below, Raven). 

Mezquit, 23, 2x3 (see above Algarobia). 

Munia jagori, 16, 92 (see above Maya). 

Nandu, appellation for S. Amer. ostrich, 3, 34 (see also below, Rhea). 



Birds] INDEX 95 

Nandu, 9, 34 (see below, ostrich). 

Nightingale, habitat, 91, 3x1. 

Noyras (nori t nuri), Malay appellation for parrot (q. v.), 34, 160 (see also 
above, Loory). 

Ostrich (of S. Amer.), habitat, 9, 34, 33, 67 (see also above, Avesfruch and 
Nandu; and below, Rhea). 

Owl, eagle, in Phil., 16, 92; superstitious beliefs regarding, 40, 77, 341. 

Pajaro bobo> Span, appellation for Booby (q. v.), 49, 3x1. 

Paradise, called "bird of God," 1, 335; first European mention, 34, 156; beliefs 
regarding, 1, 331, 33a, 335; described, 34, 63; as present, I, 335, 19, 277, 34, 63; 
sent to Card, of Salisbury, I, 335; skins, in trade, 34, 156, 157; see also above, 
Mamuco Diata. 

Parroquet (parakit, parakite), found in various localities, 16, 93, 38, 283, 39, 99. 

Parrot, its generic name, 34, 160, x6x; found in various localities, 16, 93, 235, 
91, 3«, 3", 33, 45i 133, 34, 73, «&>, 161, 38, 283; used as food, I, 332; poor 
talkers, 16, 93; banners made from feathers, 34, 59; see also above, Loory. 

Partridge, found in various localities, 99, 99, 35, 200; method of snaring, 19, 
281; wood fowl compared to, 16, 92, 19, 283. 

Pasimanuquen, superstitious belief regarding, 47, 308. 

Peacock, not reared in Phil., 16, 92; found in various localities, 92, 91, 
311, 3x3; described, 3x1; royal, 3x1; of India, 3x1; used as food, 33, 2x9. 

Pelicamu sula (pelican), used as food, 17, 130 (see also above, Booby). 

Penguin, called geese, 33, 5*; described, 51; identified, 30a 

Petrel, Stormy, habitat, 33, 294. 

Pheasant, reared in Cuyo, 7, 49. 

Phoenix, a fabulous bird, 1, 306. 

Pigeon (pidgeon), in various localities, 16, 90, 92, 91, 3x2, 3x3, 35, 300, 38, 
283, 43, no; imported from China, 16, 90; eggs, 3, 207; see also above, Dove. 

Pirapira, 40, 342 (see also above, Apira, and Lapira; and below, Tictic). 

Platalea ajaja, habitat, 33, 47, 298; identified, 298 (see also below, Spoonbill). 

Ploceus bay a, 16, 92 (see above, Maya). 

Ploceus hypoxantha, 16, 92 (see above, Maya). 

Pogo (povo)> birds resembling, 16, 92. 

Quail, resembles Pogo, 16, 91; found in Phil., 9, 223. 

Raven, its native name, 99, 284; worshiped, 284. 

Rhea rhea, 9, 34 (see above, Ostrich). 

Rhea danoinii, 9, 34 (see above, Ostrich). 

Ringdoves, found in Phil., 16, 91; used as food, 15, xxx. 

Salacsae, described, 47, 307; superstitious belief regarding, 307, 308. 

Snake-bird, 38, 37 (see above, Kaseles). 

Sparrow, found in Patagonia, 33, 67. 

Sparrow hawk, found in Phil., 16, 235. 

Spoonbill, Rosy, 33, 298 (see above Plalalea ajaja). 

Stercorarius parasiticus, bird identified as, 33, 41; its names and description, 
294; see also above, Boatswain, Dung-hunter, and Jaeger, and below, Teaser. 

Storks, white, numerous, 16, 92. 

Sulu piscatrix, superstitious belief regarding, 99, 285; tamed, 285; see also 
above, Corocoro; and Gannet 

Swallow, habitat, 15, xn, 38, 43, 44, 43, «59; their nests, 38, 43, 44, 43, *S9l 



96 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Birds 

Buds (continued) — 
tee above, Collocalia troglodites, and below, Swift; alto tee above, Hirumdo 
esculenta. 
Swan, reared in Phil., 16, 90, 

Swift, 21, 305-308 (see above, Collocalia troglodites, and Swallow). 
Tab6n t meaning of word, 21, 198 (tee alto above, Megapodius cumingi). 
Teaser, 33, 294 (tee above, SUreorarius parasiticus). 
Tern, live on fish, 33, 294. 

Thalassidroma, a genua, 33, 294 (tee above, Petrel). 
Thrush, found in Phil, 16, 92; compared to other birds, 21, X38, 34, 63. 
Tictic t origin of name, 40, 342; superstitious belief regarding, 43, 108; tee alto 
above, Apira, Lapira, and Pirapira. 

Tigmamanukin (Tigmamanuguin) , called Baihala (q. v. above), 3, 163; super- 
stitious belief regarding, 7, 189; worshiped, 12, 265; tee alto above, Irene cyano- 
gastra. 

Turtledoves, in various localities, a, 112, 1x3, 16, 91, 21, 197, 33, 133, 35, 300, 
38, 283; caged by Chamorrot, a, 112, 1x3; used at food, 15, xxx. 
Bin (vill.) : Jet. mitt, at, 17, 206, 36, 56. 
Birral, Domingo (interpreter) : official acta by, 8, 84, 90, 
Birthdays: of royalty, observed at school holidays, 46, 93, 114, 154, 183, 223. 
Bisaya, Tomat (native) : conspires against Span., 38, 208. 

Biscayant (Vizcayana), (people in N. Spain): language, 12, 235, 33, 326; preferred 
at sold., 6, 200; captives in Phil., 3, 160; pirate, 9, 3x0; finds image, 12, 180; in 
Magalhaes's crews, 33, 278; in Phil., 35, 3x3, 4a, 226; investigate iron deposits, 
51, X43; at miss's, 24, 123; show devotion to Virgin, 44, 1x7. 
Bislig (Bislig, Bisllg, Bislin, Bislin, vill. and dist in Mindanao) : location, 218, 341, 
41, 137; population, 21, 241, 41, 145; Span, conquer, 21, 163; Rec in, 241, 28, 

152, i75» 34»» 343. 34*. 41, "3, 136-14$; ccded to J 69 *' j8 » 343; alcalde-mayor 

aids friars, 41, 143; holy image at, 145. 
Bitnaga (city in Asia) : its products, 27, 97. 

Bitseg6p, Capt Philipo (Dutch naval officer) : acts at envoy, 16, 303. 
Bitale (Bitales, Bitali, vill. in Mindanao) : location, 36, 57 ; population, 28, 95, 36, 

60; Jes. in, 28, 95, 36, 57, 60. 
Bito (vill. in Leyte) : principal settlement, 5, 51 ; pop., 17, 203 ; Jes. in, 203, 36, 55. 
Bivanco, Capt. Luis de (factor at Manila): endows seminary, 12, 253; documents 

signed by, 6, 230, 246. 
Bivero (Vibero), Juan de (sec priest, member of Manila ecc cab.): merits reward, 

6, 25, 246 ; Chin, live with, 13, 285 ; member of Misericordia, 47, 27 ; deposition 

by 6, 52; signs doc, 12, 140, 34, 43*> 45, 100. 
Bivero, Gov. Pedro de: error for Rodrigo de Vivero ? (q. v.) 9 18, xo6. 
Bivero, Rodrigo de: 17, 137. See Vivero. 
Bizcaya (Span, prov.) : iron in, 18, 176. 
Bizinan (vill. in Igorot country) : Span, in, 14, 296. 
Blackboards: required in schools, 46, 196; oilskin used for, 185. 
Blacks: inhabit various islands, 2, 142, 241, 5, 47, 15, 103, 1x2 [Papuans ?], ai, 

200, 28, 159, 36, 174, 37, 170, 40, 3", 47, 291; called "de Monte," 36, X74; 

dwarfs, 174, 198; description, characteristics, customs, weapons, etc, 21, 200, 201, 

40, 328, 44, 66, 47, 292; enslaved, 3, 6i, 16, X84, 44, 47, 47, 3*°b 3" J hostile to 

Malayan races, 3, 6x, 21, 200, 201, 44, 65 ; hostile to Chinese, 39, 202, 36, 222-224; 

hostile to Span., 37, 170; trade with Malayans, 47, 291 ; work with them, 292; pay- 



Boan] index 97 

ment of their tribute, 293, 293 ; sacrificed, 320, 321 ; miss, work among, 28, 1x0, 159, 
36, 174, 41, 97, 44, 37> 60, 66; salary of their cura, 28, no. See also Creoles; Ne- 
gritos; and Negroes. 

Blancardo (Blancanden, Blancar, Blanch ard, Blanchardo, Blancorte, Brancaerden, 
Brancal, Brancaorden), Pablo (Pablos) : Span, phonetic rendering for van Caerden, 
15, 307, 17, 57, xx6, 140, 145, 146, 18, no, 237, 22, 233. See Caerden, Paul van. 

Blancas San (Sant) Jos£ (Joseph; sometimes San Joseph Blancas — Blancas being 
his family name), Francisco, O.P.: volunteers for Phil, miss., 32, 265; takes inter- 
est in printing, 9, 68; good linguist, 31, 242; sketch, 36, 3 J, zo, 51-54; letters 
by, 31, $6, 37, 3a, 273 ; publishes books in Tag., 5*, 333- 

Blancas, Juan (Rec) : opposes insurgents, 38, 168. 

Blanchic, Jose": govt shipbuilder, 50, 73. 

Blanco, Andres (citizen of Manila) : Brit pillage, 49, 250, 345 ; his sickness, 275 ; 
Rojo writes, 281. 

Blanco, Antonio, O.S.A.: thanked, 1, 17. 

Blanco, Antonio Maria, (gov. [ad interim']): sketch, 17, 305. 

Blanco, Diego, S.J.: arrives in Manila, 44, 57. 

Blanco, Francisco, O.S.F.: martyred, 15, 122, 123. 

Blanco, Manuel, O.S.A.: money granted to, 51, 69, 5a, 312. 

Blanco, Capt Nicholas: opposes insurgents, 38, 168, 171. 

Blanco, Ramon (gov. of Phil.): of liberal tendencies, 5a, 185, 190; popular with 
FiL, 46, 327; secret orders sent to, 182, 183; deports natives, 183; disaccredited, 
53, 188; his defense, 191; alters "Maura Law," 153; his policy of attraction, 190; 
official acts, 46, 217, 281, 5a, 153; sketch, 17, 311; letter (Oct 19, 1895), cited, 
5a, 162. 

Blanco, Raphael (Span, official) : aids Rec, 21, 293-295. 

Blanco Valderrama, Manuel (gov. [ad interim]): sketch, 17, 309. 

Blancorte, Gen. — : 18, 163. See Caerdon. 

Blankets: made in Ilocos, 213, 279, 280, 27, 177, 30, 220, 36, 201, 47, 173; made of 
cotton, 36, 201, 51, 131 (see also many others of these references) ; used as body 
armor, a, 189; sent from Mexico, 190; 6, 203, 8, 302; Soliman possesses, 3, 102; 
FiL use, 198; buried with dead, 199; needed in hosp., 7, 144, 47, 166; owned in 
hosp., 8, 247, 47, 166; given as alms to hosp., 20, 238, 30, 220, 47, 137, 226; Fil. 
cheaper than Mcx., 8, 146; Mex. unnecessary in Phil., 147; sent to Gallinato, 15, 
272, 16, 284; as inheritance, 210, 270; burial shroud, 275; used for coverings, 32, 
28, 2x5, 282; mattresses made from, 47, 173; trib. paid in, 204; in trade, 2, 207, 
33, 279, 280, 37, X77, 44, 267, 287, 302 (exported), 48, 88 (Igorots buy). See 
also Textiles. 

Blaquier (Blasquier), Agustin Pedro, O.S.A.: pacifies Ilocans, 50, 58; sketch, 58. 

Blasco, Alonso, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129. 

Blasquez, Pedro, O.P.: sketch, 32, 145. 

Blazquez y Blazquez Villacastin, Pedro Bautista: 8, 233. See Bautista. 

Blumentritt, Prof. Ferdinand (Austrian ethnologist) : never in Phil., 52, 161 ; his 
collection, 53, 38; writes introduction to Rizal's Morga, 1, 37, 16, 70 (Span, an- 
gered by it); praises Morgans Sucesos, 15, 35; translates Chinese account, 34, 
183, 184, 451. See also Books; and Maps and cartographers. 
Boac (Boac), (vill. in Marinduque) : pop. (1878), 28, 316; Jes. in, 135, 171, 172; 

ceded to Rec, 343; Rec in, 3x6, 343. 
Boad (vill. in Palasan) : defended by natives from Moros, 48, 50. 
Boan, Juan de, O.S.A.: sketch, 24, 55, 56, 29, 272. 



98 THE Philippine islands [Boaya 

Boaya: 38, 210. Sec Buaya. 

Boayen: 5, 65. See Buhayen. 

Bobadilla, Doctor — (canon in Valladolid) : his prophecy, 37, 147. 

Bobadilla, Diego de, S.J.: life and labors, 23, 63, 68, 35, 232-235, 236, 37, 22, 30, 
36, 45, 40, 99, 44, 75. Writings — Glorious victory (1638); with a letter of 
Feb. 25, 1638, to Corcuera), 27, 330, 332, 333, 340, 39, 12, 13, 86-101, 314. Re- 
lation (1640), I, 40, 44, 46, 39, 19, 69, 277-312, 315. Lope* writes (July 23, 
'637), a 7» 306-329. See also Books: Bobadilla. 

Bobadilla, Fernando de (Span, officer) : gov. of Zamboanga fort, 36, 221, 41, 308, 
310, 312; in expcd. against Moros, 303-309, 315, 317; withdraws from Zamboanga, 
36, 221, 312-315; commands Pintados fleet, 4a, 135; gov. of fort of Santiago, 
171 ; appointed master-of-camp, 171, 204 ; arrest and banishment, 37, 53-56 ; favors 
Pardo, 39, 231; Endaya succeeds, 4a, 247; sketch, 247; characterized, 41, 308. 

Bobadilla, Joseph de, S.J.: in Europe, 44, 220; goes to Palaos Is^ 47, 179; signs 
opinion, 179. 

Bobon (Bobong, vill. in Samar) : Jes. in, 38, 92, 152, 172. 

Bobor ([Bobon ?] vill. in Samar) : an encomienda, 38, 122; Rojas defends, 122. 

Bocachina (vill. near Malacca) : burned, 23, 89. 

Bocarra (vill.) : Aug. in, 37, 245. 

Bocaue (Bocaui, Bocaui, vill. in Bulacan Prov.): location, 38, 146, 168, 35, 279, 
36, 214; Span, forces occupy, 29, 235; Fran, in, 38, 146, z68, 35, 279 (status), 
36, 214. 

Bocoboco (vill. in Pampanga) : compulsory timber cutting in, 38, 142, 143. 

Bocot (vill. in Mindanao): population, 38, 94, 36, 60; an annex of Caldera, 44, 
93; Jes. in, 38, 94, 36, 57, 60, 44, 93- 

Bogan (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Bohemia (Boemia, European province) : Dutch trade in, 18, 163. 

Bojadors, Tomis de, O.P. (gen. of order) : censures order, 50, 32. 

Bokemeyer, — (historian) : cited, 16, 6a 

Bolabic (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bolanos, Pedro de, O.P.: life and labors, 30, 14, 121, 124, 136, 167-170. 

Bolaryo (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 83. 

Boleyfe, Cachil (ruler of Tern ate) : considered a prophet, 6, 63, 64; converted, 64. 

Boljoon (Bolhon, Bolhoon, Bolohon, Bolohon, Boloh6ng, vill. in Cebu) : literary in, 
1, 80, 46, 321; ceded to Jes., 38, 150, 151, 166; Aug. in, 166, 331. 

Bolinao (Balinao, Bolinao, Bolinao, Bolinad, encomienda and vill. in Zambal Prov.) : 
identified, 10, 230; an excellent port, 16, 109, 18, 99; an important post, 41, 80; 
location, 31, 137, 280, 41, 167, 239; location changed, 24, 239; pop. (1582), 
5, 103, 24, 45, 38, 305 (1905), 41, 239; inhabitants described, 5, 103, 105, 31, 
280, 281, 41, 126; families transferred to Iba, 240; Span, ships at, 30, 73, 35, 233, 
234; ships unable to make, 15, 164, 169; shipwreck at, 31, 76; Span, raid, 34, 
277; insurrection in, 38, 168, 41, xx, 60-85; Rec. in, 31, 14, 257, 280, 281, 34, 45, 
38, 305 (status, 1878), 307, 36, 2x3, 41, X2x, X22, 129, 205-207, 209, 257, 3x8; 
Aug. in, 31, 280, 34, 45, 64, 37, 234, 244; Aug. abandon, 31, 280; Aug. cede 
to Rec, 34, 45; Dom. in, 41, 24, 239, 43, 40, 66. 

Bolivar, Josef (wife of Pedro Sebastian) : dies impenitent, 39, 271, 43, 264. 

Bolivar, N. de: fiscal of Phil. Aud., 38, 56 (see also the following caption). 

Bolivar (Bolivar, Volivar), y Cruz, Juan de (fiscal in Manila, father of following): 
arrival at Manila, 37, 189 ; member of Misericordia, 47, 28 ; sketch, 43, 201. 



Bondog] INDEX 99 

Bolivar (Bolivar) y Mcna, Pedro Sebastian de (oidor, son of preceding): arrival 
at Manila, 39, X56, 43, 201; declines to judge Vargas, 39, 190; escorts Villalba 
to ship, 174; challenged as judge, 225; requests change of office, 226, 227 (see also 
Cueva); opposes Pardo, 37, 190, 39, 234; incurs Pardo's ill will, 135, 234; in- 
vestigates Pardo's conduct, 156; arrest and exile, 136, 235-237, 271, 276, 282, 296, 
297, 4a, 258; absolved, 39, 271, 276, 277, 284 (retracts statements), 4a, 264; 
death, 39, x6, 271, 277, 288 (suspicions), 296, 297, 42, 273; characterized, 273; 
letter (June 15, 1685), 39, 220-228. 

Bolo (Boloc; also linked with Lulutan, with which it formed an encomienda — also 
called Bolulutan, ecomienda and vill. in N. Luzon) : location, 43, 61 (see also 
San Fernando) ; pop. 3a, 56, 43, 56; submits to Span., 9, 83, 14, 286; insurgents in, 
3a, 121; Dom. in, 56, 121, 43, 56, 6x. 

Boloan (vilL in Zamboanga) : Jes. in, 36, 57. 

Bologna (Bolonia, Italy) : Dom. hold general chapter in (16x5), 33, 3a 

Boloneto (Jes. vill. in Samar) : pop. (16x2), 17, 205. 

Bolor (vill.): population (16x2), 17, 206; Jes. in, 206; Rec in, 35, 82. 

Bolosan (vill. in Luzon) : location, 35, 287, 36, 2x7; Fran, in, 35, 287 (status), 36, 
2x7. 

Bolso (vilL in Pampanga) : pop. (1878), 38, 3x3; Rec in, 3x3. 

Bolton, Herbert £., Ph. D.: thanked, 13, 25, 53, 38. See also Books: Phil. Is. 

Boluye (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bombain (city in Orient) : Eng. lay course to, 47, 235. 

Bombay (India) : location, 18, 19, 205 ; becomes seat of Eng. power and trade, 45, 
52; British refit at, 49, 44. 

Bombon, Mariscal of: 5, 207. See Ribera, Gabriel de. 

Bombon (Bombon, Bonbon, Bonbon, Vonvon; also connected with Balayan, with 
which it formed an encomienda, vill. and territory in Luzon, about lake of same 
name) : location, 7, 35, 9, X03, 18, 97, 36, 97; pop., 5, 9*, 204, 7, 40, 9, 103, 33, 
242, 243; character of people in, 13, 160; description and statu?, 7, 40, 8, 138, 
9, 103, 18, 96, 97, 36, 97; granted in encomienda, 8, 138, 13, 160, 15, 58, 33, 
H 2 t 34, 308; offices sold in, 7, 85, 86, 1x4; natives of, in Borneo, 4, 149; Mahome- 
tanism in, 150; Borneans trade in, 203; natives of, defrauded, 5, 2x8; Aug. in, 7, 
40, 9, 103, 33, 191, 34, 4«, 34, 291, 36, 97; Fran- in, 7, 4©J seculars in, 36, 97- 
See also Lakes. 

Bomura (Japan) : friars imprisoned in, 35, 83. 

Boo de San Sebastian, Aquilino (Rec., prior prov'l) : table of Rec statistics (1878), 

*8, 347, 348. 
Bona (vill. in Luzon) : Aug. in, 38, 167. 
Bonafe, Rafael de, S.J.: arrives at Manila, 44, 56. 
Booal, Gaspar de Azevedo: 37, 171. See Azevedo Bonal. 
Bonan (vill.): insurrection in (1650), 38, 1x7. 
Bonaparte, Joseph: on Spanish throne, 51, 15*- 
Bonbon (vill. in Samar) : Jes. in, 36, 56. 
Boncan (encomienda): status (i59 z ), &> io 7- 
Bondo (vill. in Luzon) : gold found in, 3, 223. 
Bond6 (vill.) : assigned in encom., 34, 306. 
Bondo y Caporagua (encomienda): status (1591), 8, 124, 125. 
Bondo y Moron (encomienda) : assigned to hosp., 7, 267. 
Bondog (Bondo, Bondoc, vill. and dist in Tayabas Prbv.) : location, 44, 39, 124; 



100 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Bondog 

Bondog (continued) — 

assigned in encomienda, 34, 308 ; Jes. in, 38, 326, 44, 12, 39, 40, 46 ; abp. visits, 
39, 98 ; seculars administer, 36, 99. See also above Bondo, and Bondd. 

Bonds: given between nations, 1, 118; people unable to give in Phil., 4, 1x4; given 
in cases of appeal, 5, 277; in cases of accusation, 281; in suits at law, 11, xo, 24; 
by officials, 6, 36, 11, 10, 47, 13, 55, 13, 260, 261, 17, 39. *<*. 175. *So, 204, 38, 
xx6, 39, 63, 50, 228, 235, 51, xo8, X09; required of fanners, 7, 156; by emigrants 
and passengers, etc., to Phil., 17, 39, 50, 35, 23, 36, 284; Roa pays, 190; dividends 
paid in, 45, 49 ; given for debt, 53, 63 ; pledged for land, 302. See also Bonds- 
men, and Money. 

Bondsmen: officials furnish, 4, no, xxx, 50, 195; do not fulfil agreement, 4, xxx. 
See also Bonds. 

Bonga (locality in Bulacan) : hosp. owns lands in, 47, 201. 

Bongabon (Bonga von, vill. in Pampanga) : Span, in, 14, 281 ; its people regarded 
as sorcerers, 48, 73 ; Aug. in, 6a 

Bongabong (Bongabong, vill. in Mindoro, also called Socol) : Rec in, 41, x8, 179, 
x8x, 238; seculars in, 165; Jes. in, 44, 104. 

Bongalon: vill. in Zambales, 5, X03. 

Bongdo (vill. in Luzon) : gold found in, 34, 284. 

Bongol (encomienda): status (1591), 8, 136. 

Bongso (Bongso), Raya Butria (ruler of J0I6): still living, 40, 126; Corcuera 
defeats and punishes, 129, 41, 298; makes peace with Span., 41, 109, 298. 

Bonifacio, Andres (Tagolog) : organizes Katipunan, 46, 361, 53, 185, 187; supreme 
head of it, 225; sends embassy to Rizal, 187; assassinated, 19a 

Bonifacio, Francisco de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 67, 73, 77, 97-99, 100, 133, 136; 
his character and reputation, 24, 15, 136, 157. 

Bonifaz, Diego, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 147. 

Bonifaz, Juan Manuel de la Pen a. See Pens Bonifaz. 

Bonilla, — (inquisitor at Mexico) : document signed by, 5, 273. 

Bonoay (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bonsoo (ruler of J0I6) : his children, 46, 46. 

Bontoc (prov. in Luzon) : its inhabitants, headhunted, 30, 270 (see Igorots) ; schools 
in (1892), 46, xco. 

Bonzes (Buddhist priests): hostile to Christians, 31, 280; belong to various sects, 
28a See also Buddhists and Buddhism. 

Books, Manuscripts, etc — 

In general: not possessed by Fil., 1, 44; compiled and printed in Phil., 79, 80; 
imprinted works in, 79 ; Phil., printed in Spain, 79 ; lack of books in native lang- 
uages, 82, 45, 293; natives do not buy, 33, 230; reason for few books printed 
in native languages, 230; admitted free of duty, 38, 71; Dom. hold in common, 
30, 127, 128, 148, 149, 31, 168; Chirino examines native, 40, 51, 52; decree re- 
^garding circulation, 46, 96; new, aid in awakening of Phil., 350; written against 
Jes., 50, 307-3x6; undesirable, introduced from France, 5*, 207, 208; undesirable 
introduced into prov., 53, 66; foreigners own undesirable, 68; no. increases in 
Phil., 2x5; circulate secretly, 2x6; distributed by Soc econ., 309, 3x0, 3x4. Written, 
translated, and printed in native languages of Phil, (generally by religious), 1, 
44, 79, 80, 84, 34, 69, 38, xx, 295, 39, 265, 289, 3a, 52, 54, *59, **o, «2, 223, 
35, 3", 3", 40, si, 44, 36, 45, 27X, 46, 247, 250, 25X, 280, 47, 33©; Chib^ 
6, 85, 86, 7, 238, 9, 68, 15, 178, 30, 230, 232, 268, 3», 248, 35, *7*, 38, 47. 
53, 333; Mardica, 34, 41; Japanese, 64; Arabic, 39, 125; see also Filipinos (the 



Books] INDEX IOI 

various tribes) ; account, diaries, memoranda, record, register, etc., I, 285, 286, 288, 
291, 292, 3, *37. »77» 4, 85. «o, i*5» *86, »94» 8. *4*, *47i ***> *49» 9, *58, X59, 
IO, 98, X37, 276, 302, 304, 3*4. 3*5. «» 3a, ¥>> *>» 61, 88, 13, 262, 3x0, 15, 214, 
16, 193, 17, 32, 18, 115, 159, 243, 286, 292, 19, 249, ao, 194, 295, 296, 21, 151, 22, 
85, ^4, 203, 25, 74. *4*. *86, aoo, *37, * 6 , x6 9» axo, ai3, ax5, 232, 237, 238, 
**3» 3". *7» »50. 34a, 343. *&, 35. *39. ai5, *9. »7t 54. 30, 148, *77, 34, 345. 36, 
200, 37, 31, 42, 38, So, 39, 74. 75. 41, a2x, 44, 82, 151, 45, 131, *04, M&, 46, 

94, 113, X29, 176, X78, X79, X89, X94, 249, 253, 255, 47, 53-58, 79, 50, 267; Sande 
•ends, on China, 3, 206, 4, 93; on navigation, 9, 300, 301, 3x3; by navigators, 1, 
14; choir and missal, 10, 143, 45, 270 (see also Ecclesiastic); ritual, 37, 121; 
of charms, 12, 254; lost in shipwreck, 19, 37; embargoed, 20, 183; order regard- 
ing heretical, 21, 60; as presents and rewards, xx6, 1x7, 23, 237, 45, 270, 46, 118, 
z 9 8 , 253, 255; religious use (generally devotional), 21, 258, 28, 263, 30, 148, 32, 
39; Chinese viceroy requests, 23, 237; Chinese insurgents steal, from convents, 
29, 241; used as armor, 241; Mandayas protect, 35, 51; military, 95; medical, 290, 
45, 288, 289, 47, 173; law, 36, 30X, 42, 135; many in Palapa convent, of miss, 
found in Macasar, 38, 70; Jes. remove from Zamboanga, 41, 3x5; Jes. distribute 
devotional, 36; devotional read to prisoners, 44, 38; Jes. lose, 74; Jes. own, in 
various places, xoa, 103 ; textbooks, 1, X69, 45, ax, «33. H7, 46, x6, 24, 25, 91, 94, 

95, 98, 99. «"» X56, x86, 2x2, 224, 238, 243, 244, 246, 253, 255, 257-260, 284, 290, 
322, 52, 309, 3x0; parchment of, used for shoes, 49, 338. Bound in parchment, 

*» 3, X37; friars teach binding, 46, 362; bindery started in Manila, 7, 226; binder 
^arrives in Phil., 226; binder forced out of business, 227; shops in Ochian, 3, 206. _ 
Manuscripts, sent to Spain, 1, 79; destruction of, in Mex., 25, 249; many in 
native languages, 40, 51 ; collectors ^48 , 291 ; looted, 53, 13 ; see also the MSS. 
cited in 53 ; see also Archives and Libraries. 

Printing and the press', power of press, 1, 51; no public press in Span, colonies, 
51 ; in China, 3, 20, 206, 30, 230, 231 ; first in Mexico, 2, 48 ; Phil, histories printed 
in Spain, 1, 79; early in Phil., 9, xx, 68, 30, 230-232, 3a, 10, 53. 43, *1> 45, 371, 
53, xx ; forbidden to publish books in Tag. lang., 1, 80; establishments in Phil, 
(mainly belonging to rel. orders), 79, 28, 202, 35, 251, 252, 40, 285, 291, 43, 27, 

45, 371, 46, 287, 290, 47, 23 ; publishers, printers, and booksellers, 1, 337, 343, 2, 
a2x, 334, 3, 206, 4, 56, 6, 81, 85, 9, 68, 14, XX9, 15, 25, 16, 25, 2x1, 21, 
263, 304, 22, 274, 24, 263, 278, 29, 134, 33, a93, 294, 35, as, 3x2, 36, 23, 1x3, 
37, a86, 41, 58, 4», a4i, 47, a3, 162, 49, 63; engravers, 16, 27, 21, 192; license 
to print, 9, 68, 15, 3a, 16, 2x7, 36, 23, 4^, 242, 47, a3, 24, x6x; Fil. as printers, 
40, 10, 52, 285, 291, 3x9; Amsterdam famous for its printing, 42, 244; friars teach 
printing, 46, 362; printing in prov., 48, 35. Censorship of press, etc., books 
condemned by Inquis., 5, 17, 270-272; exam, by Inquis., 28, 1x2; censored in Phil., 

46, 96, 48, 31, 51, 14, 71, 52, 132, 139; censorship urged, 276; freedom of press 
wrong, 263, 283; id, demanded, 240; id. under Amer. rule, 139; native press 
partial, 154. 

Books, articles, MSS., and authors, named — 

Aa, Pieter van der, Zee en landreysen, 15, 299. 

Abella y Casariego, Enrique, Filipinos, 52, 194. 

Academy of Dijon, Memoires, 50, 39. 

Academia Espanola, Diccionario (Paris and Mexico abbreviation), 1, 2x3, 288, 
5, 277, 6, X22, 45, 145, 48, xxs, 5», 395. 

Acosta, Joseph de, S.J., Hist, natural y moral de Indias, 8, 38, 12, 239, 15, 176, 
16, 209, 17, X25, 27, 172, 30, 71. 



102 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued) — 

Addis, William E., and Arnold, Thomas, Caih. Dict n ia, 117, 13, 74, 209, 210, 

17, 119, 18, 340, 19, 65, ao, 76, 9a, ai, 165, 287, M, 104, as, 313, a8, 118, 355, 
368, 39, 305, 30, 151, 34, 34*, 355-357. 35, 83, 37. 84, *3*, 39. *73, 40, 357, *7*» 
4a, 38, 154, 301, 333, 43, **6, 47, 83, 5<>, 366, 367. 

Aduarte, Diego de, O.P., Hisioria de la prov. del Sancto Rosario (reproduced 
in translation and synopsis), 9, 68, 14, 83, 15, 138, 161, 30, 13-18, 11 5-321, 333, 
31, 9-*7, »3-3<>i, 3», 9-i«, *9-*9*, *99, 35, 3**, 36, 319, 38, 87, 94, 43, 5«- 

Aganduru Moriz (or San Miguel), Rodrigo de (Rec), Hist gen n ai, 116, 1x7, 
5a, 336 (see also Aganduru Moriz). 

Aguilera y Porta, Castor, El pen de modern 46, 357. 

Aguinaldo y Famy, Emilio, Reseha veridica, 5a, 196. 

Ahem, George P., Important Phil, woods, 41, 351. 

Ailly, Pierre d', Ymago mundi, 1, 303. 

Albo, Francisco, Journal (derretero), 1, 91, 363-366, 33, 379, 394, 395, 399, 300, 
304, 309, 310, 3i*-3*4, 3*8, 3**-3*5, 33©, 349, 35<>, 35*, 357"359, 34, 160-163, 165, 
176, 177. 

Alfonso X (king of Castile), Siete partidas, 33, 380, 36, 19, 301, 5a, 35, 373-374. 

Algul, Josl, S.J. (and others), Archipiilago jilipino, 3, 191, 4, 308, 5, 32, 17, 
311, J8, 17, 66, 379, 349-3*9, *9, 9©, 43, xox, 45, *3, 95, *«, *<>8, *«3, *»5, *30* 
331, 340, 341, 345, 348, 358, 383, 398, 303, 306, 308-310, 5«, 15a, 153; notes by, 

18, 337, 19, 65, ao, 187-191. 

Algunos doc. rel. d la univ. de Manila, 17, 153, 383, 20, 355, 306, 35, 167, 38, 
15, 3*7, 45, 95- Alguns documentos, I, 139, 136, 137, 138, *54, *84. 34°-343- 

Allen, Joseph, Battles of Brit, navy, 49, 44. 

Allen, Dr. Nathan, Opium trade, 51, 157, 158; Manila Almanack, 121. 

Almodovar, Duque de (Malo de Luque), Hist pol. de establecimientos de las 
naciones europeas, 34, 330, 30, 55, 64, 71, 45, 40, 49, 83, 135, 149, 153, 160, 165, 
166, 366, 343, 5«, 345, 357- 

Alvarez de Abreu, Antonio, Extracto historial (presented in translation and 
synopsis), 37, 56, 137, 30, 19, 31, 109, 333, 44, 18-33, **7"3«3, 45, 5*, 61, 63, 64, 
76, 88, 48, 2x2. 

Alzog, Johannes Baptist, Universal Church Hist., 25, 166. 

Amer. Hist. Ass'n, Reports, 1, 340, 50, 57, 5*, 3**, 339, 340, 346. 

Amer. Philol. Ass'n, Transactions, 24, 31a 

Amherst, Lord (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., sd sen, nos. 7, 8). 

Amoretti, Dr. Carlo, Primo viaggio, 33, 373, 376, 396, 397, 301, 3x6, 3x9, 331, 
3*2, 325, 3*7, 3*8, 336, 337, 343, 364, 34, 164, 166, 171, 174. 

Anda y Salazar, Dr. Simon, Memorial, 50, x6, 17, 39, 40, x 37-190, 323, 51, 137 
(see also Anda y Salazar). 

Andree, R. (see below, Droysen). 

Anghiera, Pietro Marti re d' (Peter Martyr), De or be nouo decades, I, 308; 
writings cited, 308, 310, 33, 291, 3<H, 310, 3x4, 3x7, 343, 349. 

Annates de gio graphic y 43, 1x5. 

Annuae litterae Soc. Jesu, 17, xx, 35, 51, 383. 

Anson, George, Voyage, 49, 3*, 61, X95. 

Antequera, Jose Maria de, Hist, de la legislacion, ao, 187. 

Antunez de Portugal, Domingo, De regalibus, 4a, 3x7. 

Appeal for intervention, 5 a, 170. 

Apres de Mannevillette, Jean Baptiste Nicolas Denis d' Neptune orient., 43, 139. 



Books] index 103 

Arandia, Pedro de (gov. of Phil.), Ordinances, a8, 296, 297, 46, 379, 286, 49, 
178, 50, 10, 18, 120, 127, 228, 258, 261, 263; Ordenannas de marina, 5a, 12, 335, 

354, 355. 

Arber, Edward, First three Eng. books on Amer., 1, 308, 33, 273, 290, 292, 293, 
396, *97, 300, 302, 304, 308, 310, 316-3x8, 3«>, 3*«, 3*3, 3*5-3*8, 33°, 335, 33*- 
338, 348-350, 355, 356, 359, 3*x, 3*5- 

Arco, Ventura del, MSS., 17, 101, 49, 268 (see also Arco). Archipiilagos 
fUipinos en la Oceania, 5a, 140. 

Arellano, Cayetano S., Hist, resumi admin, justice in Phil., 43, 327. 

Arias y Miranda, Josl, Examen critico-historico, 51, 148, 5a, 345, 353. 

Aristotle, writings cited, 8, 205, 207, 221, ia, 306. 

Arnold, Thomas (see above, Addis). 

Arragon, Col. Yldefonso de, Descripcion geog., 51, 93. 

Arroyo Vea-Murguia, M., Defensa, 5 a, 195. 

Asiatic Soc of Japan, Transactions, 8, 263, 15, 67, 18, 215, 2x8, 222, 3a, 156. 

Assis (see San Francisco de Assis, Pedro). 

Astete, Gaspar, Catecismo de la doctrina cris., 46, 98. 

Asuncion, Diego de la, O.S.F. (transl.), Passio duorum, 35, 3x1. 

Atkinson, Fred W., Phil Is., 46, 370, 371. 

Austin, O. P., Colon, admin., 3a, 15a 

Antores espanoles, 43, 120. 

Aycart, L., Campana de Fil., 5a, 194. 

Azcarraga y Palermo, Manuel de, Libertad de comercio, 1, 66, 45, 40, 58, 48, 
311, 5a, 146, 358. 

Bacon, Francis, Essays, 51, 73. 

Badger, Rev. George Percy (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 32). 

Ball, V. ( ?), Travels in India, 34, 175. 

Baluffi, Gaetano, Amer en tempo Spagnuola, 1, 244, 4a, 68. 

Bancroft, Hubert H., Hist. Mex., 7, 230, ia, 46, 69, 70, 20, 129, 23, 43, 34, 192, 
^5, 249, 38, 114, J9, 72, 189, 30, 45, 7«, 31, 158, 300, 34, 196, 37, 194, **5, 41, 
204, 4a, 30, 45, *43, *Q3, **5, *3*, *7<>, 44, *39, 50, 70, 7*i 5*, 3*7 J Hist, of N. 
W. Coast, 9, 309, 48, 208; Hist, of N. Mex. states, 14, 184; Hist. Cent. Amer., 48* 

334, 335- 

Baptista, Juan de: book of advice to confessors, ai, 46. 

Barbosa, Duarte, Relacao, 33, 340; see also below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., 
no. 35. 

Barcia, Roque, Die. gen etim., 33, *77, 40, 271, 4a, *6, 35, 45, 44, *34, 47, 186. 

Barclay, John, Argenis, 40, 256; Euphormion, 256. 

Baring-Gould, Sabine, Lives of Saints, 39, 290, 40, 257, 258, 274, 275, 46, 235, 
359, 360, 47, 83. 

Barney, Lieut Charles Norton, Circumcision and flagellation among Fil., 16, 
134, 17, 66, 67. 

Ban-antes, Vicente, Apuntes interesantes, 1, 60, 45, 95, 286-295, 5a, 167; Teatro 
tagalo, 1, 82, 45, 272; Guerras pirdticas, 3, X97, 15, X93, 17, 250, 37, 22, 2x3, 
3*8, 330, 333, 366, a9, 28, 41, 324, 49, 185, 50, 70, 71; Instruccidn primaria, 45, 
95, x86, 284, 305, 46, 63, 66, 67, 70, 71, 74, 339. 

Barrios, — , De medicina, 47, 166, 50, 66-68. 

Barros, Joao (Juan), Decadas, 1, 26, 249, 6, 58, 64, 19, 287, 33, 278, 291, 304, 
310, 3x9, 348, 349, 365, 34, 163, 40, 4*, 43, 155; Cronica de Emp. Clarimundo, 
40,4*- 



104 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

Barrow, John, Life . . of A dm. Sir Fran. Drake, 15, 64; Life of George 
Lord Anson, 49, 61. 

Barrows, Dr. David P., Hist, of pop. (in Census of Phil), 33, 324, 357, 34, 
376, 36, X28, 198-aoo, 40, 3*. 48, 43, 10a, 241, 268, 277, 279, 48, 60, 74, 81, 82, 
93, 53, 343 350; Educ. in Phil., 46, 370; Ethnology rept (in Kept of Phil. Com'n, 

*9<>3), 5*, 343- 

Bart hem a, Lodoyico (tee Varthema). 

Bartlett, John Russell, Bibl. Amer. t 1, 194, 203. 

Basco y vargas, Jos6, Gen. econ. plan, 50, 48 ; Instructions, 54. 

Bastian, A., Indonesian oder die Inseln des Malay is chen archipel, 34, 161. 

Becerra, Nicolas, Estado gen. de S. Nic. de Tolentino, 50, 63. 

Becker, George F, Geol. of Phil., ao, 268, 276, 35, 301. 

Belefia, Eusebio Ventura, Recopilacion, 53, xxi. 

Belidor, Bernardo Forrest de, cited, 48, 2x8. 

Bell, Harry Charles Purvis (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 1st ser., nos. 76, 77, 80). 

Bell, James, System of geogr., 53, frontispiece, xx. 

Bellarmino, Card. Robert, S.J., Doctrina (Dottrina) Christiana (Chris, doctrine), 
11, an, 17, 70, »3, 230, 34, 22, 268, 35, 3", 3«3- 

Bellemo, Vincenzo, cited, 34, x6x, 174. 

Bellin, Jacques-Nicolas, Pet. atlas mar., 17, 261, 18, 7, 199, 22, 6, 7, 135, 24, 
220, 36, 229, 30, 54, 43, X53, 53, 333J cited, 33, 135- 

Benoit, Dr. Charles L., Observaciones, 51, 168. 

Bergano, Diego, S.J., O.S.A., Vocab. de Pampango, 4, 185 (see below, Encina). 

Bey, Aleph (pseud.), That Eurasian, 51, 105. 

Beyerlinck (Bayarlinch), L., Magnum theatrum vitae humanae, 40, 193. 

Bible, not translated into Fil. languages, 1, 79; trans, into id., 31, 146, 35, 3x1; 
not trans, in Dutch colon., 1, 79; Concepcion trans., 79; considered revolutionary, 
79, 80; trans, destroyed, 80; miss's carry, 7, 235; Cath. canon, 8, 204; Septugint, 
204; Vulgate, 204; published in New World, 234; cited, 13, 305, 306, 308, 13, 56, 
X02, X03, 309; Douay version, 309, 5?, 238. 

Birch, Walter de Gray (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., nos. 53, 55, 62, 69). 

Biblioteca hist. fil. (series), 213, 271, 48, 90 (see also below, Delgado, Medina J., 
and Santa Ines). 

Black, — , trans. Humboldt's N. Spain, 4, 68 (see also below, Humboldt). 

Blair and Robertson: The Philippine Islands: 1403-/898 (first 5 vols. I 493- 1803), 
object, scope, and general features, 1, 13-15, 21; publisher (see preliminary pp. 
of each vol.) ; contents and illustration (see preliminary pp. of each vol.) ; his- 
torical introduction (by E. G. Bourne), I, 7, 14, 19-87, 4, 184, 14, 3x5, 5?, 358; 
synopses of docs, (see prefaces of vols, x-52) ; sources of docs, and translators (see 
1 half titles in vols, x-52) ; bibliog. data (see end of vols, x-52, or immediately 
preceding the several appendices, and all vol. 53) ; chronological lists, 1, 347-357, 
17, 285-3x2, 51, 298-3x7; special contribution by James A. LeRoy, 53, xx, 2X, 
22, 112-207, 287; notes by various persons (in addition to the eds.), 1, 244, 3, 
276, 3, 148, as*, 4, 145, 185, 5, *oi, 2x1, 274, 280, 282, 292, 3x4, 315, 10, 257, 
13, xo, 176, X78-180, 183, X93, 195, 202, 205, 224, 227, 231, 232, 244, 267, 271, 13, 
65, xi8, 1x9, 2x4, 246, 247, 14, 247, 248, 17, S6, 57, 18, 227, 19, 65, 156, 30, 83, 
92, X87, 188, 191, 34, 271, 35, 90, 94, *7, 59, *8, 29, 30, 34, "4, 220, 223, 359, 
30, 126, X50, 34, 337, 340, 349, 355, 359, 4«*, 4«9, 4*>, 4*3, 4*5, 3*, 85, 86, 39, 
X73, 40, X84, 277, 4a, 26, 27, 52, 53, 57-59, 6x, 62, 65, 89, 109, 144, X63, X89, 207, 



Books] index 105 

23a, 237, 288, 43, 283, 44, 33, 85, 45, 95. 46, 175, x88, 190, 198, 47, *3°, 
48, 290, 291, 30, 3*7, 3*8, 3*Oi 3**, 5», 27, 226; appendices, 1, 345*357, 15, 291- 
331, 16, 321-3^9, *8, 65-368, 40, 35-373, 4*, 275*324, 43, 97*3*9, 45, 93*33*, 
46, 65-376, 47, 287-332, 51, 277-317, 5a, 289-324; errata and addenda, 33, 34, 
and 5^, 325-358. 

Translators — Asensio, Jose" M., 1, 95, 247, 3, 221, 289, 4, 19, 139; Asensio, 
Jos* M, and Clara M., 5, 21, 6, 33, 7, 27, 77, 197, 8, 23, 197, 9, 79, *45, 209, 
279, 10, 51, 187, 11, 19, 133, 261, 12, 27, 81; Austen, Mattie A., 18, 29, 167, 
19, 23; Blair, Emma Helen, 5, 21, 6, 155, 7, 265, 11, 19, 13, 27, 169, 13, 27, 14, 
27, 36, 17, 27, *9, 213, *8, *9, *9, 2i, 139, 30, 19, 35, 21, 167, 36, 107, 37, 
21, 38, 15, 39, *9, 40, 19, 41, 3*, 275, 4a, 23, 44, 25, 225, 45, 95. 
46, 29, 47, 21, 48, 25, 195, 50, 21, 75, 51, 21, 5a, 289; Bolton, Herbert E., 5, 
205, 6, 33, 18, 29, 167, 19, 23; Brauer, Herman G. A., 8, 23; Cox, Isaac J., 7, 
197; Davidson, Consuelo A., 6, 293, 9, 21, 79, 10, 23; England, George A., 4, 19; 
Foster Mary F., 8, 197, 35, 167; Gill, John G., 3, 119; Haight, Robert W., 
9, *45, 279, 10, 51, 187, 11, 19, 133, 171, 261, 13, 81, 13, 2x9, 269, 14, 27, 197, 
24*, 17, 83, *53, *87, 243, 18, 29, 19, 23, 183, 30, 23, ai, 17, 33, 81, 179, 34, 
181, 261, 35, *<>9, 36, 17, 37, 19, 36, 2i ; Hall, Norman F., 7, 265, 8, 23, 11, 
19, 171, 261, 13, 27, 14, 79, *97, 15, 25, 16, 25; King, Rachel, 4, *9» 10, 5*; 
Lathrop, Henry B., 5, 205, 6, 33, 8, 23, 10, 23, 11, 171, 13, 27, 13, 219, 269, 
14, 27, 79, 197, 241, 17, 25, 30, xix, 31, 19, 3a, 17, 34, 193; Marshall, Frances 
B., 41, 31; Middleton, Thomas C, O.S.A., 1, 95, 241, 3, 19, 75, 4, 19, 5, 21, 6, 
»55» 8, 23, 197, 30, 23, 34, 261, 36, 53, 38, 19, 34, 3**. 36, 21, 38, 15, 45, 
146, 50, 75; Morrison, Frederic W., I, 247, 3, 221, 7, 77, 265, 9, 145, 209, 13, 
169, 13, 27; Myrick, Arthur B., 3, 75, 3, 27, 67, 175, 221, 289, 5, 21, 6, 33, 155, 
293. 7, 77, *97, 9, 79. *45, *©, 23, 187, II, 19, 133, 30, 23, 31, 17, 33, 123, 
179, 27, 2x3, 29, 21; Peacock, Victoria G., 8, 197, 34, 21, 35, 21.; Rather, £. Z., 
18, 29, 167, 19, 23; Robertson, James Alexander, 1, 95, 247, 3, 23, 45, 75, 3, 
**9. *75. 4, *39, 5, 21, 6, 81, 155, 293, 7, 27, 77, 197, 8, 23, 197, 299, 9, 
2*. 79. *45. 209, 279, 10, 51, II, 19, 133, *7*. 12, 27, 14, 79, *97, 241, 15, 25, 
16, 25, 2X1, 17, 25, 83, 153, 187, 243, 18, 29, 167, 19, 23, X83, 30, 23, 157, 255, 

31, 17, X07, 33, 25, 8l, X23, 179, 33, 2X, 35, 21, XO9, 36, X7, 37, 19, 53, 2X3, 

38, 19, 66 t 39, 2i, 139, 33, 25, 34, 37. *8*, *93, 3**, 35, 2i, 167, 36, 21, 107, 
277, 37, 21, 38, 15, 40, 35, 41, 3*. 43, 98, 45, 95, 46, 66 t 47, 2X, 287, 
48, 25, 49, 26, 50, 75, 51, 277, 53, 27; Salvio, Alfonso de, 3, 75, 3, 27, 67, 119, 
175, 221, 289, 4, *39. 5, 2i, 205, 6, 33, 7, 77, *97, 8, 23, 1 1, 19, 261, 15, 
25, 16, 25, 27, 2x3; Snow, Francis W., 1, 247, 3, 175; Thomas, Helen E., 8, 
197, 10, 51, 37, 2x3. 

Blake, John Lauris, Biogr. diet, 17, 156. 

Blancas, Francisco, O.P., Arte y regUu de la lengua tagala, 9, 68. 
Blanco, Manuel, O.S.A., Flora de Fil. t 4, 276, 5, 169, 171, 12, 34, 190, 2x4, 2x5, 
245, 13, *4*, 15, 108, 16, 87, 18, 169-173, 177. 19, 280, 30, 198, 31, 144, 33, 300, 

39, 297, 298, 30, 2x0, 36, 223, 37, 47, 38, 22, 63, 40, 291, 43, *05, 205, 2x8, 
269, 273, 275, 299, 300, 47, 2x9, 48, 97, 297, 309, 50, 69, 51, **9, *40, *4*, 5», 
3*2, 336. 

Blanco, Gov. Ramon, Memoria, 52, 183, 190, 191. 

Bloch, Iwan, Das erst Auftreten der Syphilis, 34, 167; Ur sprung der Syphilis, 
167. 

Blumentritt, Dr. Ferdinand, Bibl. filipina, 1, 79; Die. mitoldgico, 3, 163, 7, 196, 
13, 254, 265 ; Namen der Igorroten, 14, 303 ; Holloendische Angriffe auf die Phil, 



106 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

15, 331; Native tribes of Phil (Mason's trans.), 14, 303, 18, 79, 31, 239, 243, 

33, 223, 34, X75, **, 9*. 3*. 104, "3. 37. *39» 244, *°» IOO » 10 *» IX2 » xa *' *** 
398, 43, 72, 43. 24X, S^, 35a Versuch einer ethnographic der Phil., 16, 74; 
cited, 3, mi, »3, 43, 232, *33. 

Bobadilla, Diego, S.J. (see Bobadilla). 

Boerio, Giuseppe, Dizion. veneziano, 33, 325. 

Boethius, Anicius Manlius Torquatus Severinus, Topic*, 13, 294. 

Bonsai, Stephen, Work of the friars (in N. Amer. Rev., Oct, 1902), 53, 165. 

Boulger, D. C, Hist of China, 3, **7, 3*3, I*, 87, 18, 207, 210, 212, 33, 97, 

34, I7*> *74. 35, 25*. 43 173- 

Bourne, Edward Gaylord, Essays in hist, crit., 1, 24, 30, 129, 136, 137, 340; 
Spain in Amer., 51, 147; Span, colon, system (trans, from Roscher), 147, 2x9; 
see also, Blair and Robertson. 

Boutier, Pierre (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst sen, no. 46). 

Bouvier, Law diet, 8, 175. 

Bowring, Sir John, Visit to Phil, 1, 21, 55, 56, 72, 73, 14, 248, 16, X56, 17, 322, 
335, 33, 35*. 40, 184, 45, 155, 272, 3*, 133- 

Boyle, Frederick, Adven. among Dyaks, 16, 70, 76. 

Boy y Santa Maria, Joseph, Dissertation, 43, 3x4. 

Bravo, Felipe, O.S.A. (see below, Buzeta). 

B reusing, Dr. Arthur, Die Catena a poppa bei Pigafetta und die Logge, 33, 3x9. 

Breve noticia de los relig. Agustinos, 49, 345. 

Brinton, Dr. Daniel G., Amer. race, 33, 301, 303, 3x7. 

Brito, Antonio, letter, 1, 91, 268, 33, 296, 299, 300, 307, 308, 3x2, 3x3, 322, 

331, 339. 34ii 34a, 349. 35**353. 3*5, 34, *53, *57-*fc* 

Brown, Dr. Robert (see below, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., xst ser., nos. 92-94). 

Bruckner, — , trans, bible, 1, 8a 

Bruun, B. (see below Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 58). 

Bry, Theodore D., Collectio peregrinationum, 14, 7, 15, 63, 207, 223, 227, 231, 
299, 16, 66, 38, 257. 

Buitrago, — , O. P., report, cited, 46, 3x6, 3x7. 

Burgos, Francisco Javier, Instruccion, 50, 264. 

Burnell, Arthur Coke (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst sen, nos. 70, 71). 

Burton, Richard Francis (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 51). 

Bustamente, — (friar), Si tandang Basio, 1, 82. 

Butler, — (trans.) Hist, of mankind, 31, 241. 

Butterworth, Hezekiah, Story of Magellan, 1, 254, 255. 

Buzeta, Manuel, O.S.A., and Bravo, Felipe, O.S.A, Die. de Fit., 3, 47, 7, 33, 34, 
13, xia, 14, 2x1, 15, 281, 16, 87, 88, 17, 293, 295, 298, 299, 302, 304, 31, 240, 
33, $6, 196, 38, 15, x6, 66, 266-289, 370, 37, *54, *9*. 48, X89, 49, 344. 50, 3*. 
53. 54, 58, 304, 51, 298, 309, 313. 3*4. 5», 323, 358. 

Caballero, Jos6, Die. de modismos, 16, 91, 44, 198. 

Cabezas de Herrera, Jose", Apuntes historicos, 53, 78, 144, 152. 

Cajetanus (Cajetan), Summa, 8, 200, 203, 2x2. 

Calkins, C. C, Fil. insurrection of i8q6 (in Harper's, xcix, p. 469), 17, 3x2. 

Calderon, Felipe G., Colegio de S. Josi, 45, 112, 130, 135. 

Calvo, Carlos, Recueil de train's (French trans.), 1, 340, 341. 

Campbell, John, Lives of Brit, admirals, 49, 47. 

Campbell, Rev. William, Formosa under Dutch, 53, 340. 



Books] index 107 

Campo, Juin del, Relation, 13, 318. 

Canad. Roy. Soc, Trans^ 1, 341, 3, 37. 

Candidius, George, cited, 35, 39, 53, 340. 

Cano, Gaapar, Catdlogo, 44, 85. 

Cafiamaque, Frafidaco, Prolog© (to Escosura's Memoria), 46, 303 ; Islas Filipinos, 
53, 116. 

Cardanua, Hieronimus, De subtilitate, 33, 293. 

Caro y Mora, Juan, SituaciSn de pais, 53, 201. 

Carro, Andrea, Vocabulario iloco-espaMol, 4, 185. 

Cartas de Indias (pub. under auspices of C. el Conde de Toreno), 3, 169, 3, 56, 
175, 318, 316, 5, X9*» 7, *7, *9, 39, 67, 3*9, *. 274. 

Cflfto/ ir /w PP. de la Campania de Jests, 43, 98, zoi, 266, 289, 44, 63, 65. 

Carter, A. C, Kingdom of Siam, 53, 333. 

Carteret, Capt Philip, Coll. of voyages, 39, 79> 8a 

Casa Irujo, Marques de, cited, 53, 90. 

Casas, Bartoloml de las, OP., Hist. Indias, 1, 27, 28, 15, 176, 40, 191, 5*, 239 ; 
Brevissima relation, 40, 191. 

Castanbeda, Fernio Lopes (see Lopes de Castanbeda). 

Castano, Fray Josl, Origin . . of old Indians of Bicol, 43, 101. 

Castillo y Jimenez, Josl M. del, El Katipunan, 53, 182, 186, 188, 193, 206. 

Castro, Agustin Maria de, O.S.A., Resena, 49, 343. 

Castro, Alphonsus a, De justa karetieorum punitione, 8, 200, 210; Osario ven., 
33, 191 ; Hist convento San Pablo, 46, 287 ; Hist, siege of Manila, 49, 216. 

Catalogue (of books condemned; Index expurgatorius?), 5, 272. 

Catdlogo de la expos icidn gen. de . . Filipinos, 17, 312. 

Cath. Encyc, 48, 198. 

Cavada y Mendez de Vigo, Agustin de la, Hist, geog., 45, 299, 53, 1x5, 140, 141. 

Cedulario Indico (coll. of cldulas), 4, 139, 11, 19, 19, 197, 30, 255, 306, 31, 
17, 33, 322, 34, 337, 340, *5, 21, 38, 43, 109, 322, 37, 19, 366, 39, 314, 35, 
21, 3*4, 53, 29. 

Cent, diet., 16, 229. 

Ceremoniale (coll. of ritual prescriptions), 34, 357. 

Cervantes de Saavcdra Miguel, Don Quixote, 36, 53; Novela del zeloso 
estremeno, 51, 177, 178. 

Chalmer, Alexander, Gen. biog. did., 49, 47, 6x. 

Chamberlain, Alexander F., cited, 34, 167. 

Chamberlain, Basil Hall, Bibl. of Luchu, 8, 263, 53, 332; cited, 33, 156, 35, 12a 

Chamorro, Pedro, Memoria, 53, 92. 

Chao Jukua (Chin.), Chu-fan-chih, 34, 183, 184, 451. 

Chapelle, P. L., St. Joseph's Coll., 45, 137. 

Charlevoix, Pierre Francois Xavier de, S.J., Hist, et descr. gen. du Japon, 31, 
283, 3«, 294. 

Chevin, l'Abbl, Diet. Latin-Fran., 39, 305, 48, xxx. 

Chil y Naramo, Gregorio, Estudios hist., 33, 292. 

Chinos en Fil., 7, 34, 16, 43, 50, 57- 

Chirino, Pedro, S.J., Relacion, 1, 44, 9, 293, 13, 9, 10, 169-321, 323, 13, 9-21, 
27-2x7, 3x7, 14, 2x1, 16, 113, 1x7, X53, 17, 3«, **, 61, 39, 289, 33, 338, 40, 54, 
55, 43, 99. 

Christian doctrine, 9, 68, 30, 306, 33, 195, 41, 211, 53, 333. 

Christie, Edwin B., Subanos of Zamb. penin^ 53, 351. 



108 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Boon, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

Churchill, Awnsham, and John, Voyages, I, 52, 63-65, 35, 39* 

Cieza de Leon, Pedro de, Chronicles of Peru, 37, 172. 

Clark, Rev. — , Carlos III (in Dublin Mag., Apr., 1763, pp. 238, 239), 47, 252. 

Clark, Victor S., Labor conditions in Phil., 46, 329, 349, 354, 371, 5*, i43» x 4*. 

Clarke, F. W., Weights, meas., and money, 7, 88, 18, 142. 

Claver, Martin, O.S.A., Vocab., 39, 265. 

Clowes, William Laird (and others), Roy. navy, 49, 44. 

Cocks, Richard (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 1st sen, noa. 66, 67). 

Cohen, H. M., Pocket diet, of Span, and Visayan lang., 33, 344- 

Coleccion de autos acordados, 17, 307, 45, 95, SO, 227, 5*, 345* 

Col. doc. inid. Amer. y Oceania, 1, 25, 31, 60, 62, 69, 340, 341, 343, J, 45, 48, 
33*, 333. 3, »*i, 3»7, 4, «9, 3«9, 9, *45, «>9, 217, 17, 187, *82, 37, 56, 70, 
t*9, 34, *36. 

Col. doc. ined. ultramar, 1, 31, 32, 3, 45, 48, 55, 59, 67, 68, 75, 77, 83, 97, 105, 
106, 108, 109, hi, 113, "4, "7, x*o, »i, "7, 130, 131* 150, «7©, *7«, «73, *M, 
33i, 332, 3, 177, 5», »73- 

Co/, doc. inid. Esfaha, 1, 28, 15, 176, 21, xx6, 5a, 326. 

Co/. /*£M. ir Esfaha, 53, 151. 

Colin, Francisco, S.J., Labor evan., 12, 227, 16, 71, xox, 107, 1x2, 126, 134, 17, 
2i, 139, 243, 262, 272, 282, 312, 19, 81, 30, 170, 255, 306, ai, 17, 320, 33, 146, 
302, 33, 223, as, 191. *30, *7, 306, 307, *8, ^ 7«-«04, 3*9. 33, 35*, 34, 3*6, 
362, 36, 21, 48, 62, 73, 237, 243, 308, 40, 33, 35, 37-98, 297, 308, 41, 159, 165, 
44, 79, 45, 95, xox-140, 49, «3, S*» 34 (•*« also below, Paatells). 

Collantes, Diego de, O.P., Vocab., 25, 158. 

Collantes, Domingo de, O.P., Hist., 41, 272. 

Combes, Francisco, S.J., Hist, de Mindanao, 3, 224, 17, 3x2, 21, 220, 35, 88, 

37, mi, »86, 292, 38, 50, 62, 63, 39, 29, X43, 159, 274, 34, 154, 35, 9», 3*, 
99-114, 287, 39, 33, 40, XX-X3, 33, 35, 99-18*, 41, X20, 121, 273, 275, 286, 299, 
30X, 309, 3x7, 44, 6x, 53, 328, 343 (see also below, Retana). 

Comenge, Rafael, Cuestiones filipinas, 50, 57. 

Comyn, Tomas, Estado (State of Phil. — Eng. trans.), 1, 41, 54, 55, 57, 59, 67, 

38, 14, 23X, 240, 35X, 45, 58, 01, 9°, 109-iix, X2X, 132-134, 137, *47, *54» 5», 
"5, 3 2 3» 357, 358 (see also below, Walton). 

Conant, Charles A., writings (in Report of Comtn'n on internafl exchange), 
cited, 53, 148. 

Concas y Palau, V. M., Causa instruida, 53, 193. 

Conception, Juan de la (Rec), Hist, gen., 3, 169, 4, 3x6, 6, 299, 7, 137, 138, 8, 
264, 265, 274, 9, *47, *93, 307, 3", 10, 2x7, 11, X93, 195, X96, 206, 2xx, 225, 255, 
13, 77, 86, 13, XX9, 134, 177, 305, 3x2, 14, X34, 2xx, 337, 15, 57, *6x, X64, 165, 
16, 36, 62, 246, 261, 17, 103, xxx, 1x6, XX7, X35, 140, 26x, 262, 3x2, 19, 37, 30, 
43, «i 7, 9, ™, *6i, 263-3x7, 319, 33, xox, 107, 34, 242, 35, x86, 200, 230, 37, 
22X, 292, 38, 63, 1x8, xi9, 344-346, 39, X43, 156, 172, 208, 274, 35, 13, *>, «. 
60, 89, 9«-«3, «6, 162, 179, 272, 36, 2x8, 237, 37, 72, 154, *9», 38, 73, 81, 87, 
94, 99, 103, X28, 139, x68, 195, 237, 39, 33, 162, 164, 165, 204, 40, 207, 41, 25, 
55, 231-272, 299, 314, 43, 37, 159, 43, 100, 44, »5, *4*-*95, *°°> 3*3, 45, 40, 95, 
xi8, X71, X72, 192-207, 46, si, 37, 38, 43, 5«, 5», 56, 57, 6x, 47, 219, **7, *33, 
242, 246, 247, 263, 48, 25, 50, 137-140, H3-I45, I47-H9, 154, *57, *59-i64, X67- 
170, X73, 174, X83, 184, 186-189, 339, 50, 8, 23, 291, 5a, X09, 330, 339, 349. 

Constitucion politico de la Rep. fil., 53, 241. 



Books] INDEX IO9 

Conti, Nicolo de\ cited, 33, 333, 34, 160, 170, 174. 

Continuation of portraiture of Jes., 50, 31a 

Cooley, William Desborough (ice below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 1st sen, no. 4). 

Coote, G. H., Voy. from Lisbon to India, 48, 291. 

Corbett, Julian, Sir Francis Drake, 33, 183 ; Span, war, 33, 336. 

Cornell, William Mason, Hist, of Penn., 1, 43. 

Corney, Bolton (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., ist sen, no. 19). 

Coronelli, Vincenzo Maria, Atlanta veneto, 4a, x8x. 

Corpo diplom. portoguez, 1, 136-138, 341. 

Corpus juris eanonici, 8, 200. 

Correa, Gaspar, cited, 33, 297, 307, 308, 3x2; see also Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst 
ser., no. 42. 

Corsali, Andreas de, cited, 33, 32a 

Core, M. L., Siam, 32, 139. 

Coamas Indecopleustes (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 98). 

Costa, Alvaro da, Letter, cited, 1, 254. 

Cota, Rodrigt), Celestina, 40, 246. 

Courts, William, Transl. of Horace, 23, 254. 

Crawfurd, John, Hist. Ind. Archip., 1, 72; Diet., 4, 99, 131, X50, 6, 75, 11, 
108, 13, 2x7, 13, X4X, 14, 5«. 59, 16, X03, 18, X07, 213, 19, 287, 292, 3x7, M, 
139, "5, *8» 55. *9, 303. 30, 35. 33, 33*, 343, 34*, 349, 353-355 357, 3*3, 3*4, 
34, *54» «55. «57, «*>, x6x, 163, X64, 166, X68-172, X74, 36, X03, 38, 66, 68, 69, 
39, **, 9*. 40, 38, 43, 48, 43, 153, *54, 17*. SO, X94, 31, 87, 5*, 343 J Siam, 33, 
*39- 

Crespi de Valduura, Cristobal, Observaciones, 42, 274. 

Cretineau-Joly, Jacques, S. J., Hist Comp. de Jisus, 6, 208, 17, 70, 24, 231, 300, 
*7, *53. *9, 48, 49, 334, 5<>, 75, 283-287, 5*, 336. 

Cruz, Gabriel de la, S.J., Relacion, cited, 17, 139. 

Cubero Sebastian, Pedro, Peregrinacion del mundo, 1, 65, 66. 

Cujacius (Cujus), cited, 20, 191. 

Curt, R. N., Modem lang. of E. Ind., 34, 161, 166, x68, 169, 174, 43, xx8; Cus- 
toms of Pampangos (see below, Plasencia), 43, 99. 

Dalrymple, Alexander, Charts, 35, 7, *3*, «33, 48, xx, 39, 49, 9, xo, X99; Plan 
of exped., X2, X3, 27-43, 347, 5», 354 J cited, 51, 26. 

Dampier, William, Voyage, 38, 241-285, 39, 21-121, 48, 231; Nouveau Voyage 
(Fr. transl.), 39, 89. 

D anvil a y Collado, Manuel, Reinado de Carlos III, 47, 252, 50, 26, 75, 269-283, 
323, S3, 2x3. 

Davidson, — , Hist, sketch of Japan (in Trans, of Asiatic Soc of Jap., xxiv, pp. 
1x2-136), 3a, X56. 

Davidson, J. W., Formosa past and present, 35, 39, 135, 136. 

Davis, Maj.-Gen. G. W., RepU, $3, 162. 

Dawson, S. E., Lines of demarc, 1, 24, 130, 202; Voy. of Cabots, 3, 37. 

Davy, John (?), cited, 19, 3x6. 

Day, Clive, Policy and admin, of Dutch in Java, $3, 43. 

De imagine mundi, 1, 203. 

Delgado, Juan J., S.J., Hist, 1, j8, 4, 276, 7, 195, ia, 187, 2x5, 13, X41, 15, 
108, 16, 87, 89, 9*, 97, 99, «8o, 17, 21, 22, 289, 290, 293, 296, 3x2, 314, 3x5, 
18, X69, X71, ao, 198, 258, ai, X98-200, 205, 226, 308, aa, 300, 33, x6o, 271, as, 
304, a8, X2, 13, 66, 163-X91, 369, 39, 285, 297, 298, 301, 30, 2x0, 33, 3*3, 33*, 



1 10 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Boon, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

334. 356, 35. 299, 38, 29, 5°. *3, 40, 13* 183, »97, 283-295, 43, 99. «>5, 44, 158, 
*59, 48, 96, 31, 119, *30. 

Del-Pan, Joel Felipe, Ordenanzas de buen gobiemo, 50, 75, 191, 193, 2x6, 227, 
228, 264, 323; Poblacion de Fit., 53, xx6; cited, 138, 140, 145* 

De medkeina, 47, 166. 

Demmin, Auguste, Arms and armor, 4, 27, 165, 14, 201. 

Demonstration hist., 39, 172, 174. 

D/ rebus lafonicis, 1 1, 191. 

Detcalante Alvarado, Garcia, Relation, 1, 31, a, 13, 66-73. 

Diario de los literatos, 50, 26. 

Diario de las sesiones de las Cortes, 51, 279, 288, 53, 199. 

Diaz, Casimiro, O.S.A., Conquistas, 33, 121, 24, 39, 127, 35, x6, 17, 109, 151- 
200, 252, 322, 38, 26, 28, 63, 255, 256, 39, x8, 19, 139, 168, 204, 206, 208, 21c* 
211, 2x5, 2x8-223, 225, 227-230, 232, 249-25X, 254, 256, 259-276, 315, 35, "«. 227, 

272, 36, 2x8, 2x9, 252, 37, ", 21, 3», 67, 149-284, 3°7, 38, 87-90, 9*. 94. 99, "4- 
X28, 139-228, 39, 149. tS»» »57-*6o, «*3, X65, X67, X69, X72, X73, X76, X84, 185, 
187, X90, X99, 204, 232, 236, 41, »73. 275, »96, 3»o, 3*4. 4*, 23, 1x7-3x2, 45, 95. 
170x73, 5« 339. 

Diaz Olegario, Kept., 52, 182, x88. 

Diaz Arenas, Rafael, Memorias hist, 50, 144, 53, 1x5, 357. 
Diaz Perez, Vicente, Los frailes de Fil., 38, 297, 298, 53, x68, 182. 
Die. acad. (Paris, 1897), J, 246, 40, 3x5. 
Die. de educaciSn, 46, 127. 

Die. encie hisp. — Amer., 1, 2x3, 218, J, 33. 47, 3, «73, 5*, 3°. 32, 5*. *4» 
227, 233, 273. 
Diderot, Denis, Eneye., 50, 27. 

Diez Aguado, Manuel, O.S.A., Biogr. del P. Agustin Maria de Castro, 49, 345. 
Diodoms, Bibliotheea, 40, 5a 

Dionne, Narcisse Eutrope, John and Sebas. Cabot, 3, 37. 

Dioscorides, — , cited, 47, 166; Doctrina y reglas (see below, Reyes, I. de lot). 
Dodge, C. R., Useful fiber plants of the world, 33, 28a 
Dominguez, Luis L. (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 8x). 
Dominguez, Ramon Joaquin, Die. naeional, 19, 3x1, 35, xx8, 37, 122, 38, 227, 

273, 3^, xo8, 36, 279, 37, 29, X37, 23X, 39, x*7, 190, X97, 40, x8i, 4*, 53, "3. 
XX4, 44, 207, 256, 277, 289, 47, 199, 48, 54, "5, SO, 94. 51, 208, 5*, 295, 331, 34X. 

Douais, C, Sources de fhist. de I'lnquisicion, 5. 258. 

Draper, Sir William, Plain narrative, 33, 23, 77, 309-3x8, 348, 43, 178; letters, 
Z5- z 7, 65-80, 236, 347; Journal, 17, x8, 81-103, 347; Answer to Span, arguments, 
22, 23, 77, 309, 318-332, 34*- 

Drasche, R. von, cited, 30, 268. 

Droysen, Gustav, and Andree, R., Hist. Hand Atlas, 1, 321. 

Du Bois, William E. (see below, Eckfeldt). 

Duran, Pray Joaquin D., Episodius, 53, 194. 

Dutch mem. embassies, 15, 198, 252. 

Echegaray, Eduardo de, Die. gen. etim., 16, 3x0, 33, 293, 351, 39, 246, 43, 226, 
259, 45, 73, 48, 55- 

Eckfeldt, Jacob R., and Du Bois, William E., Manual of gold and silver coins, 51, 6a 

Eden, Richard, Decades of new world (transl. of De orbo nouo decades', Arber's 



Books] INDEX III 

«L), I, 308, 33, 273, »90, 292, 293, 296, 297, 300, 30a, 304, 308, 3x0, 316-3x8, 320, 
3*x, 323, 325-328, 330, 335-338, 348-350, 355, 356, 359, 3*x, 3*5, 34, 15*, *57, 
160-162, 165, 166, 169, 172-174, 176-X79. 

Ehrenberg, Richard, Zeitalter der Fug get, 48, 29a 

Ellis, George E., Las Cases, 5a, 33a 

Encarnacidn, Juan F. de la, Die. bisaya-esp., 30, 65, 33, 336, 343-347. 

Encina, Francisco, O.S.A., and Bermejo, Julian, O.S.A. (see Pardo de Tavera, 
Bibl. fil., p. 37), Arte cebuana, 46, 51. 

Enriquez, Francisco, Entrega que hace de sus f undone*, 5a, 71 ; Oficioal sec. de 
estado, 71; Rept, 51, 6x. 

Ercilla y Zuniga, Alonso de, Araucana, 43, 1x9, 120. 

Eredia, Manoel Godinho, Malacca* 1, 336. 

Eacafio, Fernando, De testamento imperfecto, 4 a, 1x9. 

Escosura, Patricio de la, Memoria, 45, a22, 46, 25, 303-306, 357, 50, 169, 170, 
53, 343; Prolog© (to Cafiamaque's Recuerdos), 46, 303. 

Escoto, Benito, Memorial, 9, 3x3, 3x4. 

Espinar, Pedro de, S.J., Memorial, 49, 268. 

Exercitia spirituaiia, 44, 34. 

Eyre, Edward John, Cent. Australia, 16, 13a 

Fabil, Antonio Maria, Ensayo hist., 5 J, 152. 

Fagnani, Prosper, Commentaria, 37, 259. 

Fastorum Plutarchi in sylla, ia, 305. 

Feced, Pablo, China en Fit., 50, 57. 

Fennoselle, Manuel de Jesus Maria, O.S.F., Relacion, 48, 67. 

Fernandez, Alonso, O.P., Hist. ecc, 9, 68, 5a, 332. 

Fernandez Arias, Evarista, O.P., Discurso, 45, 152-169. 

Fernandez Navarrete, Domingo, O.P., Tratados hist, aa, 323, 37, 21, 72, 285- 
307, 38, 9, 10, 17-71, 287. 

Fernandez de Navarrete, Martin, Col. de viages, 1, 27, 30, 91, 116, 117, 1x9-123, 
125, 128, 130, X35, X46, 147, x6o, 173, X74, 187, 200, 249, 250, 253, 254, 263, 284, 
340-343, a, 23, 25, 36, 42, 331, 33 9 12, 273, 278-290, 295, 296, 299, 300, 304-309, 
3x2, 3x3, 3x8, 321, 322, 324-326, 330, 331, 339-353, 35*-359, 3*2-365, 34, 153, 
157-163, 165, X76-179, 5a, 325; Bibl. maritima, a, 83 (see also 53). 

Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdls, Gonzalez, Hist, de Indias, a, 28, 43, 15, 176, 
33, 291, 3x4, 3x8, 319, 365, 34, 178. 

Ferrando, Juan, O.P., and Fonseca, Joaquin, O.P., Hist, de PP. Dom., 35, 13, 
zx, 75, xx6, 158-162, 36, 2x8, 237, 37, 72, 7*, 158, 38, X39, 40, 206, 232, 46, 
32X, 48, 123, X31, 133, 136, X50, X51, X55-158, 166, X74, X79, X85, 49, m» 
1x4, 127, 128, X43, X47, 166, 209, 264, 265, 337, 344, 50, 24, 25, 31, 75, 268, 
269, 323, 51, 3x4; cited (Ferrando, J.), a8, 245-247, 260. 

Ferraris, Lucius, Bibliotheca, 10, 257, ao, 83, 114, 39, 172, 173. 

Filangieri, Gaetano, La scienna delta legislanione, 36, 297. 

Fite", Vital, Exposicion elevado d su magestad, 5a, 201. 

Fletcher, Francis (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. x6). 

Fleury, Claude, Catechisme hist, 46, 99. 

Fonti Italiani, 1, 340. 

Fonseca, Joaquin, O.P., Reseha cron. de lacatedral de Manila, a8, 109 ; see also 
above, Ferrando. 

Forbes, Henry Ogg, Naturalist's Wanderings in E. A r chip., ia, 265. 



112 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Boon, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

Foreman, John, Phil. Is., I, ax, 14, 3<>3> *°, «35» 3*, 39*. 394, 317, 5*. 136, 
137, 14a, 154 155. «57, 180, 19a, i95-«97, *99, ^05. 

Foronda, Valentin de, Misceldnea, 5 a, 357. 

Forrest, Capt Thomas, Poj. to N. Guinea, 33, 35a, 46, 45-48, 48, 51, 150, 166, 
a3i, 380, 50, 33, 51, *6, 84-87, 5*. 31, 3*8, 344. 349. 35*- 

Foster, William (see below, Hakl. Soc Pubs., ad sen, nos. z, a). 

Francis, Benito, Cartilla higUnica, 46, 359. 

Frechette, — la, Chart of Ind. Ocean, 14, 272. 

Freer, William B., Phil, experiences of an A met. teacher, 46, 86, 371. 

Furness, William Henry, Borneo head-hunters, 39, 301, 40, 58. 

Frazer, James George, Golden bough, 35, 38. 

Galaup de la Perouse, Jean Francois, Voyage, 1, 53, 60, 71, 77, J8, 335, 51, 
in, 174. 

Gallardo, Bartolome' Jose" (?), Die. crit. burlesco, 51, I3X. 

Garcia, Candido, Letter, 5a, 336. 

Garcia, Francisco, S.J., Vida . . de Sanvitores, 27, 300, 37. ^7. 5*, 339* 

Garcia, Gregorio, Origen de lot Indios, 40, 337; Hist, ecc, 337. 

Garcia Ageo, G., Memorandum, 5a, 145. 

Garda-Barzanallana, Pamphlets, 5a, 182. 

Garcia y Arboleya, Jose, Manuel de . . Cuba, 4 J, 57, 58. 

Garcia Camba, Andres (gov. of Phil.), Die* y sets meses de mando, 51, 66, 
5a, 33, 4a; Fil. y su representacion en cortes, 51, 379, 394, 395; Reglamento, 5a, 

357- 

Garcia Icazbalceta, Joaquin, Bibl. mex., 5a, 333. 

Gayangos, Pascual de, MS., cited, 40, 280. 

Gelcich, Giuseppe ( ?), Scoperta d? America, 33, 319. 
• Gemelli-Careri, Giovanni Francesco, Giro del mundo, 1, 5a, 63-66, 68, 14, 272. 

Gonzalez Cabrera Bueno, Joseph, NavegaciSn especulativa y practica, 48, 31. 

Gentil de la Galaisiere, Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean Baptiste le, Voyage, 
I. 50, 53. 56, 58, 59, 61, 63, 64, 68, 77, 78, 8a, 83, 16, 117, a8, 13, 14, 
66, 161, 192-225, a96, 369, 370, 40, an, 43, 100, 48, 190, 49, *7» 61, 65, 83, 9a, 
107, 109, xxa, 114, 139-131, 195, aa8-23o, 345, 347, 370, 371, 373, 378, 343, 347, 50, 
*7-*9» 38, 158, 394, 399, 51, 77, 78, 8a, 98, 99, in, 113, 1x5, 116, 165, 175, 176, 179, 
33X, 33a, $*> 109, "6, 344. 357- 

Giraldus, Gregorius, Syntagma, 12, 307. 

Gironiere, Paul de la, A ventures d'un gentilhomme, 5a, 133, 3x1; Vingt 
annies aux Phil, (also Eng. transl., Twenty years in Phil), 16, 94, 52, 133, 311, 

Gisbert, Mateo, S.J., Vocab., 43, 341 ; letter, 247. 

Gobien, Charles de, S.J., Hist, 5a, 339. 

Gogorza y Gonzalez, Jose", Datos para la fauna fil., 51, 76. 

Goldsmid, E. (ed.), Hakl. voy., 5, 30, 7, 53. 

Gomara, Francisco Lopez de (see Lopez de Gomara). 

Gomez de Losada, Gabriel, Escuela de trabaios, 40, 3x3. 

Gomez Quevedo y Villegas, Francois, Poema heroica, 40, 341. 

Gonnaud, Pierre, Colonisation hollandaise a Java, 5a, 43. 

Gonzales Parrado, Julian, Memoria, 43, 384, 286. 

Gonzalez Fernandez, Ram6n, and Moreno y Jerez, Federico, Manual del viajero, 
3a, 288, 389, 307-333. 



Books] INDEX 113 

Gonzalez Hidalgo, Joaquin, Estudios sobre fauna, 16, 94. 

Gonzalez (Gongalez) de Mendoza (Mendoca), Juan, O.S.A., Hist, (also Eng. 
tranal), I, 40, 45, 3, 206, 4, 4*, 309, 6, 17, x8, 81-156, 323, *3, 3 37, 239, 34, 322, 
384. 

Govantea, Felipe Maria de, Reft., 53, 3x5. 

Gracian, Baltasar, S.J., El Heroe, 40, 19a; Criticon, 19a, 256. 

Grafenberg, Selly (?), Span. Lesebuch, 47, 275. 

Grand encyclop., 38, 355, 33, 274, 3«, 3«, 43, 120, 46, 115, 5*, 69. 

Gran problema, 53, 201. 

Gratianus (Gratian, the canonist), Dtcretum (Decreto), 8, 199-202, 204, 205, 
209, 4a, X35. 

Gravina, Domingo, Fox turturis, 30, 160. 

Gray, Albert (see below, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., xst ser. nos. 76, 77, 80). 

Gray, Edward (see below Velazquez de la Cadena). 

Great Britain, Foreign office repts., 53, 142. 

Grey, Edward (see below Hakl. Soc. Pubs., xst ser., nos. 84, 85). 

Griesinger, Theodor, Jesuits (Eng. transl.), 49, 334. 

Griffin, Appleton Prentiss Clark, List of books on Phil. Is., 49, 309, 3x8, 53, 
*9, *3*, 138, 140, X4», 146-X48, 150, X59, X67, x8x, X82, X93, 324, 339, 349, 358; List 
of books relating to theory of colon., 150; List of books on Samoa and Guam, 339. 

Griffis, W. E., Mikado's empire, 8, 262, 263, 16, 47, 18, 63, 8x, 2x7, 2x8, 24, 
232, 37, 327, *8, X19, 31, 279, 3a, xa8, 294. 

Grifol y Aliaga, Daniel, Instruction primaria, 46, 63, 66, 72-76, 80, 8x, 84, 89, 
X05, X07, X09, xxo, 1x7, X49, 156, 158, 259, 320, 5a, X53. 

Grijalva, Juan, O.S.A., CrSnica, 1, 33, 34, 17, 3x2. 

Grotius, Hugo, cited, 48, 267, 49, 33** 

Gubbins, J. H., Introduction of Chris, into China and Japan, 18, 2x8. 

Gubernatis, Angelo de, Memorie, 34, 170, 171. 

Guemes, Cicilio, O.S.A. (see Perez, Angel). 

Gulrin, Paul, Petits bollandistes, 39, 173. 

Gui, Bernard, Practica inquisitionis, 5, 258. 

Guia de forasteros (Manual del viajero), 17, 302, 45, 299, 50, 52, 51, 58, 298, 
53, 152. 

Guia oficial, 50, 72, 51, 279, 5*, 152. 

Guillemard, F.H.H., Life of Magellan, I, 25, 26, 28, 250, 253-255, 33, 12, 276, 
278, 290-292, 294, 300, 301, 307-309, 3«-3i3, 319, 32i, 324, 33i, 34i, 352, 353, 355, 
356, 358, 359» 364, 34, 153, 157, 160, 162, 164, 165, 176-X79; Malaysi aand Pacific 
A r chip., T, 80. 

Gumilla, Jos£, S.J., Orinoco ilustrado, 43, 281. 

Guppy, H. B., Solomon Is., 15, 103. 

Gutierrez de Santa Clara, Pedro, Hist, guerras civiles del Pert, 34, 398, 40, 191. 

Hibler, Konrad, Fuggerschen Handlung in Span., 48, 290; Vberseeischen Un- 
ternehmungen der Welser, 290; Colon, kingdom of Spain, 51, 147. 

Hakluyt, Richard, Voyages, 5, 30, 117, <*, 3", 7, 53, 15, 299. 

Hakluyt Soc. Pubs.*: cited, 19, 3x9. 
First series — 

Observations of Sir R. Hawkins (Bethune and Markham eds.), 11, 153, 17, 253; 

• Arranged according to series and no. 



1 14 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued)— 
no. 4, Maynarde's Sir Fran. Drake (Cooley ed.), 15, 64; not, 14, 15, Parke's Hist, 
China (Major ed.), 1, 40, 45, 3, 206, 6, 134; no. 16, Fletcher's World encompass- 
ed (Vauz ed.), 4, 313, 15, 64, 33, 300-302, 308; no. 19, Foy. of Middleton (Cor- 
ney ed.), 18, 145, 37, 92; Galvano's Discoveries (Bethune ed.), a, 47, 68; Jor- 
danus's Wonders of East (Yule ed.), 33, 333, 34, 164, 166, 173; no. 32, Trav. 
of Ludovico di Farthema (Badger ed.), 33, 332, 353t 357t 3*4, 3*5, 34, i53t *54t 
157, 164-168, 174-176; no. 35, Barbosa's Coasts of E. Africa and Malabar (Stan- 
ley ed.), a, 153, 14, 59, 19, 304, 37, 95, 33, 33*, 337i 34©, 3*4. 3*6, 34, 157, 
164-168, 170, 173, 175, 176; not, 36, 37, Cathay and way thither (Yule ed), 3, 
4*, 77. 93, 6, 208, 225, 18, 207, 19, 3x7, M, 198, 333, 354, 34, 170, 173, 17* 
36, 251; no. 39, Morga's Phil. Is. (Stanley ed.), I, 22, 37, 5, 28, 7, 137, 9, 
76, 307, IO, 61, 14, 247, 15, 10, 78-80, 87, 88, 90, in, 113-115, "9, "5. 1*0, 
233, 252, 15, 35, 16, 27, 46, 47, 58, 66, 69, 70, 75, 81-83, 90, 91, 95, 99, "», 
xo6, 108, 127, 130, 134, 166, 179, 204; no. 42, Coma's Three voy. of Fasco da 
Gama (Lendas da India; Stanley ed.), 29, 136, 33, 313, 332, 341, 34, 176; no. 
44, Salil-Ibn-Razfk's Hist, of Imams (Badger ed.), aa, 305; no. 46, Boutier and 
Vet-Tier's Canarian (Major ed.), 33% 291; do* 5*> Captivity of Hans Stade (Bur- 
ton ed.), 33, 294-298, 303, 317; no. 52, Pigafetta's First voy. (Stanley ed), 1, 25, 
27, 29, *, 64, iao, 33% 273, 276, 277, 295-300, 302-304, 308-310, 312, 314, 316-319, 
321-331, 334, 337-340, 342, 343, 348-351, 353-355, 357, 3&>, 366, 34, *55, *59» 164- 
166, 170-172, 179, 180; Roteiro, 33, 291, 296, 299-302, 304, 308-310, 314, 3*7-3«9» 
321, 323, 324, 326, 330, 339, 342, 348-350, 353, 355, 360, 365, 3*6, 34, ^1; noa. 
53, 55, 62, 69, Commentaries of Dalboguergue (Birch ed.), 6, 59, 33, 291, 332, 
34*» 3*5, 34, »53, *5*J no. 58, Johann Schiltberger (Telfer ed.), 33, 332, 333; 
nos. 60, 61, Acosta's Historia (Markham ed.), 8, 38, 16, 209, 17, 125 (see also 
Acosta) ; nos. 66, 67, Diary of R. Cocks (Thompson ed.), 18, 66, 68-70, 81, 221, 
224, 20, 25, 27, 29, 170; nos. 70, 71, Linschoten (Burnell and Tiele ed.), 7, 79, 
IO, 87, 17, 263, 19, 309, 33, 332, 354, 34, 154, »&>, 164, 165, 170, 173, 175, 176, 
4a, 155; nos. 76, 77, 80, Foy. of Francois Pyrard (Gray and Bell ed.), I a, 29, 
15, 268, 17, 253, 18, 205, 321, 324, 327, 19, 303, 304, 309, 316, 33, 332, 34, 
175, 43, 138; no. 81, Conquest of La Plata (Dominguez ed.), 33, 297, 299; noa. 
84, 85, Haven's Trav. of Pietro della Falle {Grey ed.), 33, 332; no. 91, Foy. of 
Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa (Markham ed.), 15, 61; nos. 92-94, Pory*s Hist, and 
discr. of Africa (Brown ed.), 33, 291, 292, 34, *7*; 00. 98, Topographia Chris- 
tiana of Cosmos (McCrindle ed.), 34, 173. 
Second series — 

Nos. 1, 2, Embassy of Sir T. Roe (Foster ed.), 17, 253, 33, 3*5; no. 5, Foy. of 

Capt. John Saris (Satow ed.), 18, 69, 141, 142, 144, 218, 19, 304, 305, 307, 3* t 

244; nos. 7, 8, Foy. of Mendana (Amherst and Thomson ed.), 9, 272, 15, 61, 103, 

18, 163, 164; nos. 14, 15, Foy. of Pedro Fernandez de Quiros (Markham ed.), 

. 51, 87. 

Hale, Horatio (in Wilkes's U. S. Explor. Exped.), cited, 33, 3*7- 

Hardin, E. W., Rept. on finan. and indus. condition of Phil., 52, 142. 

Hare, A. J. C, Walks in Rome, 20, 100. 

Harrisse, Henry, Diplom. Hist, 1, 24, 25, 341; Jean et Sebastian Cabot, a, 37; 
Disc, of N. Amer., 33, 290; Americus Fespuccius, 48, 291; cited, 1, 339, 33, 273. 

Harrison, James Albert, Hist, of Spain, 40, 207. 

Hautzsch, — , Vberseeischen Unternehmungen der Welser, 48, 29a 



Books] INDEX 115 

Hay, John, S.J., De rebus Iaponicis, 11, 7, 171, 187, 191, 3x9. 

Hazlitt, W. C, Coinage of European Cont., 33, 329, 364, 34, 156. 

Helmolt, H. F n Hist, of world, $1, X47, 5*, 124* 330. 

Helps, Arthur, Life of Cortes, a, 50; Span, conquest in Amer., 54, 4, 71, 72, 

19, 71. 

Helyot, Pierre, Ordres monas., 4a, 154. 

Hernaez, Francisco Javier, S.J., Col. de bulas, 1, 340, 343, 5, 21, 320, 6, 155, 
323, 8, 23, 3x8, 38, 15. 287, 45, 146. 

Herodotus and Diodorus, ia, 307. 

Herrada, Martin de, O.S.A., Chin. gram, and diet., 6, 91. 

Herrera, Tomas (Thomas), de, O.S.A., Alphabeto Agus, ai, 177, 37, 152. 

Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio, Indias, 1, 174, 249, 4, 145, 15, 176, 33, 278, 
279, 291^93, 300, 305-307, 309, 3", 314, 3x8, 322, 356, 34, X77, *79, 51, 83. 

Herrero y Sampedro, Ulpiano, Nuestra prision, 5a, 194. 

Heyd, Wilhelm, Geschichte des Levantehandels in Mittelalter, 48, 29a 

Heywood, J. C, Documenta selecta, I, 34a 

Hirth, Dr. F., Chin, and Rom. Orient, 34, 184; transl. Chao Ju-Kua, 184, 451. 

HisL des voy., 15, 33©, ^3, X39. 

HisU espagnole, a8, 206. 

Historische Kreisverein of Schwaben, Jahresberichte, 48, 291. 

Hittorp, Melchior, Or do vulgatus, 34, 357. 

Hoefer, Johann Christian Ferdinand, Nouvelle biographie ginhale, 4, 56, 33, 
341, 40, X91, xoa, 256, 275, 276, 41, 106. 

Hoffman's Cath. directory, ai, 164. 

Holman, James, Travels in China, 51, 158. 

Horatius (Horace), Ars poetica, 39, 183. 

Horsfield, Thomas, Zoology of Java, 51, 130. 

Huerta, Felix de, O.S.F., Estado, 16, 30, 17, 211, ao, 1x5, 1x8, 122, 126, aa, 
61, as, 2xx, 2x8, 37, 3x1, a8, 270, 31, 77, 3*, 139, 163, 34, 325, 35, 122, 292, 
293, 294, 307-309, 3«-3i5, 317, 37, 189, 256, 40, 296, 332, 43, 277, 46, 32, 48, 

67, 50, 6x. 

Huertas, Antonio de las, O.P., Manifesto, 49, 267, 268. 
Hugues, Luigi, cited, 33, 321. 

Hulsius, Levinus, Eylffte Schiffahrt, 4, 7, 63; Eigentliche und wahrhaftige 
Beschreibung, 14, 7, 39, 169. 

Humboldt, Friedrich Heinrich Alexander von (Baron), N. Spain (transl.), 4, 

68, 106, 14, 248, 306, 17, 237, ao, 289, 293, 37, 172, 30, 71. 

Hume, Martin Andrew Sharp, Spain, 15, 33, 22, 29, 30, 51, 280, 5a, 97. 
Hunt, William, Pol. hist, of Eng. (vol. x), 49, 65. 
Ibarra, Joachim de, Reflexions on mem'l by Jes. gen^ 50, 3x0. 
Index expurgatorius, 50, 28a 
Ingleses en Fil., 49, 141, 164. 
Instructions to princes rdg. policy of Jes., 50, 309. 

Irureta Goyena, Ramon, Sistema mitrico decimal de pesos y medidas, 46, 258. 
Isern, — , Del desastre nacional, 5a, 193. 

Itinerario Portugallensium, 1, 193, 194 (see also below, Paesi nouamente 
retrouati). 

Itinerary of dist. of Inquis. of Mex., 36, 87. 

Iturzaeta, Jose* Francisco de, Muestras de cardcter espahol, 46, 98. 



1 1 6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued)— 

Jagor, Feodor, Reisen, i, 22, 57, 70, 73, 74, 28, x6, 66, 91, 290-999, 370, 43, 
100, 45, 29a, 48, 305, 309, SO, 29, 39, 51, 54, 57, 64, 65, 108, X09, 194, 51, 
34, 75, 132, 140, 53, 25, 57, 58, 122-124, *3»i *33, *44, **9, 302-307, 3*3, 3«8, 
3*3, 336, 344, 349; Travels (Eng. and Span, transl. of foregoing), 10, 85, 12, 
187, 16, X04, 21, 198, 199, 51, 64, 52, 133 ; On the natives of Naga, 43, 100, xox. 

Jal, A., Gloss aire nautique, 33, 280, 281, 31a 

Janssen, — (ed.), cited, 1, 336. 

Jenks, Albert Ernest, Bontoc Igorot, 37, 243, 43, 72, xox, 1x7, 52, 163. 

Jenks, Jeremiah W., RepL, 52, 143. 

Jernegan, Prescott F., [Education] under the A met. (in Census of Phil.), 46, 

37*. 

Jesus, Luis de (Rec.), Historia, 21, 7, 12, 14, 136, 191-259, 3x9, 27, 2x6, 258, 
286, 287, 35, 2X, 59-9X, 324, 36, X3, X07, 109-113, 41, "3, 1*0, 

Jesus Belando, Nicolas de, Hist. Civil de Espaha, 50, 26. 

Jimeno Agius, Jose\ Memoria, 52, 58, 141 ; PoblaciSn, 141, 146. 

Joest, Wilhelm, Tatovriren Narbenzeichnen und Korperbemahlen, 16, 112. 

Jones, John Winter (tee above, HakL Soc. Pubs., xst ser., no. 32). 

Jordan de Urries (Marques de Ayerbe), Sitio y conquista, 49, 83, 84, 91, 98, 
99, xio, XX2, xx3, XX5, XX7-XX9, 125, X27, X28, X38, 141, X43, X47, X52, 155, 171, 
X72, X74, X75, 205-207, 222-224, 228, 24X, 249, 251, 252, 288, 323, 344, 50, X7X, 172. 

Jordana y Morera, Ramon, Bosquejo, 52, 76, X44, 145. 

Jordanus, Friar (tee above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 31). 

Josephus, Antiquates, 12, 307. 

Journal de Vamiral Wittert, 12, 326-328. 

Journal des Jesuites, 29, 9. 

Justinian, lnstituta (Digest), 20, x88, 190, 44, 178. 

Kemmerer, £. W., Repts., 52, 148. 

Kennon, Col. L. W. V., Katipunan of Phil., 52, 234, 255. 

Keppel, Capt Henry, Exped. to Borneo, 2, 191. 

Kerr, Robert, Col. of travels, 18, 145, 49, 32, 195. 

Kip, William Ingraham, Jes. in Amer., 44, 34. 

Kircher, Athanasius, S.J., China monumentis, 38, 50, 47, 234. 

Knox, J., New coll. of voy., 15, 64, 38, 240, 253. 

Ko, Taw Sein, Origin of Burmese race (in Buddhism, Mar., X904), 36, 20a 

Kohl, Johann Georg, cited, 33, 309. 

Koran, in Phil., 3, 165, 7, 69, 21, 202, 29, 125, 43, 257, 258, 260; law of 
Mahomet, 4, 150; preached by force, 7, 220; oath taken on, 34, 51, 53; sentences 
from, engraved on krises, 40, 182; seized in Mindanao, 48, 20a 

Kruger, Wilhelm, Zucherrohr und seine Kultur, 52, 43. 

Kunstmann, Friedrich, Fahrt der ersten Deutschen nach dem Port. Indie n, 48, 291. 

Lafond, Capt Gabriel, Quinze ans de voy., 52, 46. 

Lai a, Ramon Reyes (see below, Reyes Lala). 

Lallave, Manrique Alonso, Frailes en FiL, 52, 168. 

Lancaster, Joseph, Lancasterian system of educ, 52, 31a 

Landor, A. H. S., Gems of the East, 29, 162, 32, 1x3. 

Lanteri, — , Eremus, 34, 420, 425. 

Laplace, Adm. Cyril 1c Pierre-Theodore, Voy. autour du monde, 52, 69. 

Larousse, Pierre, Diet., 33, 274, 40, 257, 49, 294. 

Latimer, £. W., Spain in nineteenth century, 51, 28a 



Books] INDEX 117 

Laurie, Robert, and Whittle, James, Complete E. Ind. pilot, 51, frontispiece, 9. 

Lavisse, £., and Rambaud, A. N., Hist, gen., 30, 77. 

Lea, Henry C, Hist of Inquis. of Mid. Ages, 5, 258 ; Inquis. in Spain, 51, 61, 
53, 330, 342, 343; Moriscos of Spain, 340. 

Leclercq, Jule, Un sejour dans Pile de Java, 53, 43. 

Leg. UlL (see below, Pedro). 

Lemaire, Jacob, writes acct of van Hoorn's voy., 48, 211; see also below, 
Spilbergen. 

Lembrancas das cousas de India, 19, 316 

Leonardo de Argensola Bartolom£, Conquista de las Islas Malucas, I, 249, 15, 
39, 42, 44, 61, 97, 249, 16, 36, 41, 50, 60, 82, 120, 2x1-3x7, 17, 156, 3". 3*8, 
37, 64, 71, 87, 33, 363. 

Le Roy, James A., letters and notes, 34, 184, 45, 133. 4*, 3*7, 375, 37*> 47. 
289, 49, 170, 53, 125, 126, 153, X65, x88, 3*4, 34«-342, 344"34*, 354, 357 \ Mil. 
lift, 43, 268, 45, 183, 248, 46 99, «*, 299, 34*, 35<>, 3*7, S7«t 5*, X55, x66, 
170, X7X; Friars in Phil, (in Pol. Sci. Quar., xviii, pp. 675-678), 45, 183, 46, 281, 
3^7, 344; Phil. (1860-98), 53, ", ax, 22, 27, 112-207, 287; Criticism of Willis's 
Our Phil. prob. (in Pol. Sci. Quar., xxi, pp. 309-3XX, xxii, pp. 124, 125), 5a, 159; 
Japan and Phil. Is. (in Atlan. Monthly, 1906), 187; Phil, (1860-98), 53, 2x6, 358; 
tee also Le Roy. 

Lesson, Pierre Adolphe, Les Polynisiens, 43, "8. 

Letona (Leytona), Antonio de, O.S.F., Perfecta religiosa, 36, 15, 107, 4a, 17a 

Lettera annua, cited, 17, 252. 

Lettres idifiantes, 18, 206, 41, 3>» 4*, 273, 43, 23X, 51, X59, 5*, ", 209, 339. 

Levanto, Oracio, Memorials, 37, 203. 

Liguori, Alphonso Maria de, Theologia moralis, 8, 203. 

Limborch, Philippus van, Hist. Inquis., 5, 258. 

Linschoten, Jan Huygen van, Voy. ofte Schipvaert, 4, 7, 227, I a, 7, 90, 91; 
Beschryvinghe van de gantscho Custe, 5, 7 (we also above, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., 
xst ser., nos. 70, 71). 

Lista, Ramon, Viage al pais de los Tehuel-Ches, 33, 301, 3x7. 

Litter ae annual di Giappone, 17, 139. 

Littr*, E., Diet., 33, 277, 34, 166. 

Lives and deeds of abfs., 37, 153. 

Llorens Asensio, Vicente, Primera vuelta, 33, 278. 

Llorente, Juan A., Anales de la Inquis. de Esfana, 5, 258; Hist. crit. de la 
Inquis. de Esp. t 258. 

Loarca, Miguel de (see Loarca). 

Lopes de Castanheda, Fernio, cited, 19, 317, 33, 278, 291, 3x0, 3x4, 342, 358. 

Lopez de Gomara, Francisco, cited, 1, 174, 249, 33 t 291, 310, 314, 342, 351, 
34, 178. 

Lopez Jaena, Graciano, Discursos y articulos varios, 52, 177. 

Loyola, Ignacio de, S.J., Exer. spiritualis, 13, 67, 44, 34. 

Loyola, Martin Ignacio de, O.S.F., I titter ar to (in Gonzalez de Mendoza's Hist, 
q. v. above), I, 40, 45, 6, 86, 88-135, 34, 384- 

Lubin, — , Orbis Aug., 37, 147. 

Lucanus, Marcus Annsus, Pharsalia, 40, 260. 

Lucas, Charles Prestwood, Hist. geog. Brit, col., 34, 134, X69, 174. 

Luque, Malo de (pseud.; see above Almodovar). 

Macanaz, Melchor Rafael de, cited, 48, 268, 3x5. 



1 1 8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued)— 
Macaulay, Thomas, cited, 46, 336. 
McClatchie, T. R. H., cited, 18, 2x5. 
Macomb, Capt A. C, cited, 49, 346. 
MacCrindle, J. W., Ancient India, I, 336. 
Madre de Dios, Bias de la, O.S.F.: writes first treatise on flora of PhiL, 

35, 317. 

Madre de Dios, Felipe de la (Rec), Noticias hist, 31, 243, 244. 

Madrignano, Archangelo (trans,), Itinerario Portugallensium, 1, 193, 194. 

Maffei (Mapheo), Giovanni Pietro, Hist. Ind., T$, 176, 16, 231. 

Magin/Antoine, Hist, univers. des. Indes orient, 17, 139. 

Major, Richard Henry (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 1st sen, nos. 14, 15, 46). 

Maldonado de Puga, Juan, O. St J. of G., Relig. hosp n 38, 8x, 47, 161-229), 
49. m*. 

Mallat, J., Les Phil., I, 21, 41-43. 54» 5*. 57. 59. 7*. *>» 3<>, 64, 33. 344. 347. 
43. 100, 45, 95. »63-27*, *°» 57. 51, X3*» «35. 53, 133. 3*«- 

Mallet, — , Descrip. de I 'univers, 29, 67. 

Mallory, Maj. John S., Phil, insurrection, 52, 195. 

Malory, Sir Thomas, Morte d? Arthur, 30, 274. 

Malvenda, Thomas, De Antichristo, 12, 19a 

Mandeville (Mandevilla), John (Juan), Voy., I, 194. 

Mannevillette, Jean Baptiste Nicolas Denis d'Apres de (see Apres de Manne- 
villette). 

Marcel, Gabriel, Carte des Phil., 49, 63. 

Marche, Alfred, Lucon et Palaouan, 53, 136. 

Marcilla, — , Epitome, compendio de la suma, 21, 44. 

Margallo, — , cited, 1, 195. 

Mariana, Juan de, S.J., Hist. gen. de Esp., 42, 179. 

Marin, Estlban, O.S.A., Artes, 12, 235. 

Marin y Morales, Valentin, O.P., Ensayo, 43, 81. 

Markham, Clements R., Hist. Peru, 17, 27, 35. 191 (see also above, Hakl. Soc 
Pubs., xst ser., nos. 57, 60, 6x, 87, 91). 

Marquina, — , cited, 48, 19a 

Marsden, William, Diet., 10, 61. 

Marten, G. F. de, Traitis de VEurope. Supplement, 1, 341, 342. 

Martinez, Friar Graciano, Memoria, 53, 194. 

Martinez de Ztiniga, Joaquin, O.S.A., Estadismo, 1, 33, 35, 37, 41, 44, 51, 54, 
60, 6x, 63-65, 67, 68, 80, 82, 83, 85, 86, 3, 33, 47. 169, 246, 3, 9*. *>3. 300, 
4, 145. 7, «95. 9, 64, 68, 10, 58, 85, 13, 2x7, 14, 2ix, 2x2, 16, 96, 228, 272, 
17, 290, 292, 293, 296, 297, 299. 3", 31, 308, 33, 36, X49, 35, a26, 40, 30*, 
43, 28, 98, 103, X13, 44, 85, 46, 332-334, 338, 339, 356, 48, 67, XX3, 169, 50, 
4*-50, 70, 53, 144, 157, 167; Hist, 17, 293, 3x2, 38, 118, 1x9, 43, 266, 302, 43, 
x6, 97, 98, "3-127, 44, 143, *45, 146, xsx, x6o, X92, 195, 45, 307, 46, ji, 32. 34. 
55, 58, 46, 345, 48, 9, «7, «*, *4, *37. MO-193, 339, 49, 4*, »53, ***, 344, 50, 
23, 51, in, 298, 3x1; Hist, view of Phil, (trans of preceding), 43, 1x4 (see 
below, Maver) ; viage de M. Le Gentil a las islas Philipinas, 43, 1x4; MS., 
cited, 50, 39- 

Martini, Martin, S.J., Novus atlas Sinensis, 43, 15a 

Martini, — , Hist., 51, 1x7. 

Marzari, Giacomo, cited, 33, 273. 



Books] INDEX 119 

Mat, Sinibaldo de, Inform*, 17, 22, 302, 3x2, 322-328, 24, *75» *8, 66, 226- 
265, 283, 370, 36, 277.306, 308, 40, 14, 183, 184* i95i *9*, 200, 201, 204, 205, 
207, 209, 212, 2x4, 2x8, 2x9, 223, 225, 227, 228, 234, 235, 239, 246-255, 
259, 2*x, 265, 269, 280, 43, 100, 45, ax, 95, 346-362, 49, XS5, 136, H9, *53, 
160, 165, x66, 207, 2xx, 2x6, 230, 243, 253, 362, 264, 272, 279, 298, 30X, 325, 344, 

50, 39, 45, 47, 50, 68, 69, 71, 51, 45, X07, xo8, 228, 5*, 11, X4-»9, *7» 29-90, »33, 
**7, 333, 344, 358. 

Mason, J. W. J. (tee below, Regidor y Jurado). 

Matta, Juan Manuel de la, Rept., 53, xx, 20, 21, 41-43, 91-m, 287; Mattiolo, 
Pietro Andrea, Ptolemy's geog., 34, 19a 

Maver, John (transL and ed.), Hist view of PhiL, 43, 114 (see also above, 

Martinez de Zuniga). 

Maynarde, Thomas (see Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 4). 

Medhurst, Walter Henry, Sr., Jap. vocab., 16, 91. 

Medina, Juan de, O.S.A., Historia, 18, 89, 23, 9, 13-19, 1x9-297, 299, 24, 
29-179, *8, 26, *9, x8, 259, 38, 216, 2x7. 

Medina, Juan Toribio, Bib I. espan. de FiL, I, 65; Imprenta en Manila, 78, 79, 
9, 68; Coleceion, 33, 278; cited, 51, 33, 5V34Q. 

Mejia, Agustin, O.S.A., Life of S. Barldm y Jdsapkat, 34, 88 ; I to can verses, 88. 

Memorial elevado & su Santidad (in La Democracia, 1900), 5a, x68, 169. 

Mendafia, Alvtro de, Relation, 9, 272, 15, 103, 18, 164 (see also above, Hakl. 
Soc Pubs., 2d ser., nos. 8, 9). 

Menology of the Eng. [Jes.] prov., I a, 226. 

Mentrida, Alonso, O.S.A., Vocab. Bitaia Hiligvoyna y Haraia, 29, 265, 266; 
Arte, 266; Ritual para administrar los Santos Sacramentos, 266. 

Mercator (Mc restore, Mercatorius), Gerardus, Atlas minor, 30, 83, 3a, 169; 

Atlas sive cosmog. meditat, 33, 352; cited, 16, 71, 72, 34, 171. 

Merrill, Elmer D., Diet, of plant names, 29, 233, 47, 181, 48, iai, 279, 309, 

51, 70, 53, 334- 

Meyer, Adolf Bernard, cited, 13, 265. 

Middleton, Thomas Cooke, O.S.A., Notes on bibl. of Phil., 9, 68; cited, I, 244, 
3, 148, 4, 145, x*5, 5, 201, 10, 257, 13, 246, 247, 16, 163, 19, 65, 156, ao, 83, 
92, 34, 271, 35, 90, 94, *«, 29, 30, 34, "4, 220, 223, 359, 30, X50, 34, 337, 34°, 
349, 355, 359, 4*6, 4*9, 420, 423, 425, 36, 85, 86, 39, *73, 4©, 184, 277, 4*, 26, 
27, 52, 53, 57-59, 6x, 62, 65, 89, X09, 144, 163, 189, 207, 232, 237, 288, 44, 33, 
85, 45, 95, 47, 130, 50, 317, 318, 320, 321; see also, Middleton. 

Miguel, Gregorio, Estudio sobre las Islas Carolinas, 41, 55, 43, 230, 5 J, 349. 

Miller, Edward Y., Bataks of Palawan, 43, xox. 

Minguella de la Merced, Toribio (Rec), Ensayo de gram, hisp.-tag., 46, 251; 
Methodo prdctico, 251. 

Mocatta, Frederic D., Jews of Spain and Port, 5, 258. 

Molina, Antonio de, Instruccion de Sacer., 40, 275. 

Monet y Carretero, Ricardo, Comandancia general, 53, 193. 

Money, J. W. B., Java, 52, 43. 

Montalboddo, Fracanzio di, compiles voy., 1, 194. 

Montano, Dr. Joseph, Rapport, 43, 276. 

Montanus, Arnoldus, Nieuwe en onbekende weereld, 29, x88. 

Montero y Gay, Claudio, cited, 40, 123. 

Montero y Vidal, Jos*, Hist. gen. de Fil., 1, 3X-35, 66, 67, 17, 1x7, 293, 302, 
333, 335, *<>, 43, J3, 170, *5, 88, x86, J8, 63, 34, 370, 3*4, 36, 59, 62, 2x8, 37, 



120 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued) — 

72, 154, X58, X74» x8x, **4» 38, 83, 39, 164, 190, 191, 40, 207, 4*, 26, 43, 79. 
174, 185, 44, 160, 45, 58, i»3. *33, *54, 3x5, 46, 31, 34, 43, 5«t 96, 14a, 244, 
47, *>8, 48, 169, X9*i 3xx, 49, 48, 5x, 5*» 58, 82, 83, 87, 98, 1x4-1x6, 1x9, X2i, 
124, X26, 132, X34-X36, 138, 142, X49, 160, x6x, X65, x66, 168, 176, 178, X79, 206, 

266, 283, 287, 302, 323, 337i 344, SO, 5, «, 23, 24, 29, 32, 34, 38, 40, 43-46, 
58, 6x, 63, 66, 75, X9X, 245, 269, 275, 276, 287-308, 3xx, 323, 324, 51, 7, xx, 19, 
23-72, 167, 172, X73, 275, »79, 283, 285, 288, 294, *95, *97, *98, 53, xx, 22, 27, 
69, 70, 77, 9X, 9*, 94, X35, X69, 171, 208-2x6, 252, 287, 3x5, 32X, 339, 349, 358; 
Hist, de la pirateria, 3, 197, 9, 271, 11, 126, 13, 39, 165, 17, 3x2, 32X, 18, 221, 
37, 2x5, 263, 292, 41, »86, 299, 309, 3x7, 43, X85, 194, 285, 286, 44, X59, 48, 5°, 
XS4, xs9-x6x, X65, x66, 49, X82, x8s; Archip. fil., 16, 156, 17, 22, 326, 3*8-336, 
«3, X34, 36, 279, 43, a»9, *3<>, 45, 95, 296-303, 4», xo6, 279, 305, 51, X19, 126, 
X27, 130, X42, 167, 5a, 83, 136, 3x8, 323, 339. 349, 358. 

Montesquieu (see below, Secondtt). 

Monteverde y Sedano, Federico de, Campana de Fil. t 53, 190, 194. 

Montoya, Juan Bautista de, O.S.A., Tagal catechism, 24, 32. 

Morales, Francisco, O.P., Relacidn, 15, 254. 

Moreno y Jerez, Federico (see above, Gonzalez Fernandez). 

Moriri, Louis, Did., 18, 280, 33, 275, 37, X57, 4<>, 191-193- 

Morero Jerez, Luis, Prisioneros espanoles, 53, 193. 

Morga, Dr. Antonio, Sucesos (ed. 1609; Rizal's reprint; Zaragoza's reprint; 
Stanley's transl, see Hakl. Sot Pubs.), I, 22, 34, 35, 37-39, 4X-46, 50, 53, 55, 57, 
58, 6X-63, 68, 5, XX7, 207, 6, 70, 7, X37, 9, 76, 86, X90, 307, 10, 25, X69, 170, 
172, 13, X76, 14, X37, 188, 247, 15, 9» xo, 25-287, 289, 16, frontispiece, 25-209, 
2x8, 255, 17, 78, »89, 3x2, 37, X22, 31, 78, 89, 93, xx2, 150, X52, X75, 33, 3*8, 
329, 338, 36, 222, 228, 40, 332, 43, 99, 152, 180, 181 ; Sucesos attacked by Span., 
16, 70; Descubrimiento conquista, pacificacion y poblacion de las islas Fil. (MS.), 
15,' 35; see also Morga. 

Moroni, Gaetano, Dizionario, 10, 257, 30, 83, 39, 173, 42, 52. 

Moses, Bernard, Casa de contralacion, 52, 326, 339, 340, 346; Span, rule in 
Amer., 326, 327, 353 ; Econ. condition of Spain in 16th cent., 339. 

Mosto, Andrea da, Primo viaggio, 33, X2, 273-278, 291-293, 295, 296, 300, 303, 
304, 306, 308, 3x0, 314, 3x6, 3x7, 3X9, 3*o, 3", 330, 334, 337, 338, 35X, 
356-358, 365, 34, X53, 160-165, 168, 170-175. 

Mozo, Antonio, O.S.A., Noticia histtrico natural, 29, 298, 48, 9, 14-16, 59-123, 

339. 

Murdoch, James, and Yamagata, Isoh, Hist. Japan, 34, 23X, 31, 283, 3a, 50, 68, 
X83, 218, 294. 

Murray, David, Story of Japan, 8, 262, 15, 199, 33, 156, 35, 120, 136. 

Murillo Velarde, Pedro, S.J., Historia, 12, 176, 226, 17, 250, 275, 280, 3x2, 
33, 295-297, 33, 224, 35, 88, 186, 191, 205, 230, 233, 36, 266, 37, 252, 257, 292, 
293, 300, 306, 329, 331, 38, 15, 63, 97, 98, 170, 2ox, 202, 26x, 326, 327, 39, 29, 
31, 246, 35, 214, 259, 263, 272, 36, 59, 2x8, 2x9, 222, 228, 246, 37, 7*, **x, 

267, 270, 38, 84, 87, 99, xxi, xx6, xx8, X20, X39, X67, X95, 262, 287, 39, X32, X34, 
X38, X42, X43, 147, x6o, 165, 197, 271, 278, 40, 15, 28x, 41, 33, 55, X65, 
*73, 275, 285, 286, 299, 43, xi8, 121-125, 176, 266, 44, frontispiece, 25, 27-1x9, 
3x3, 47, X79, 2x9, 243, 254, 48, 4, 8, ix, 49, X04, 50, 23, 305, 51, 96, xxx, 
53, 339; Cursus juris canonici, 45, 147; Hist, geog., 47, 254; see also Maps, and 
Murillo Velarde. 



Books] INDEX 121 

Navarro, Eduardo, O.S.A., Estudio de algunos asuntos, 46, 63, 66, 272-318, 
357, 53, aoi, 234; cited, ai, 299, M, 59, 45, *93- 

Navia, Alvcro J. de, Visconde del Puerto, Re/lec. mil., 48, 296; Com. suelto, 
296; cited, 314. 

Navio Osorio y Vigil Arguelles de la Rua, Alvaro J. A. I. de (Marques de 
Santa Cruz de Marcenado and Visconde del Puerto), Refiecciones mil., 48, 296; 
Comer do suelto, 296. 

Neckam, Alexander, De utensilibus, 33, 327. 

Neuman, — , Syphilis, 34, 167. 

New and gen, biog. diet., 49, 47, 61. 

New intern, encycL, 33, 3©3, 3<M, 34, 4°4, 3*, H*, *53, 40, 4*, *57, »74» 43, 
118, 120, 128, 23a 

Nicholls, James F., Sebastian Cabot, a, 37. 

Nicolini, Giovanni Battista, HisL of Jes., 49, 334. 

Nieremberg, Juan Eusebio, Oculta y cur. phil., 41, 105. 

Neumann, Karl Fr. (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., zst ser., no. 58). 

Noceda, Juan de, S.J., and Sanlucar, Pedro de, S.J., Focab. lengua tagala, 4, 
i«5, 30, 64, 40, 34^, 41, 24^, 43, m, *59, 3«3, 47, aox, 300, 313, 49, *>x, 50, 

215, 22X, 297. 

Not as taquigraficas, 5a, 193. 

Noticia del origen y hechos . . de la Real Soc, 5a, 308. 

Nova collectio, 52, 340. 

Nozaleda, Abp. Bernardino, O.P., Colegio de S. Josi, 45, 112-114, 1x7-1x9, 
xax, 123, 124, 130, 131, 137, 181; Defensa obligada f 521, 194. 

Nneva Recop., JO, 187, 45, 184, a«9, 5*, 34». 

Nones, Antonio, Livro dos pesos, 19, 3x6. 

Ordenanuas de Bilbao, 44, 234. 

Ordenantas de buen gobierno, 53, 54, 55 (see also above, Del-Pan). 

Or do Romanus, 34, 357- 

Ortelius, Abraham, Theatrum orbis Urrarum, 3, 13, 86, 87, 4, 7, 128, 129, 33, 
352 (see also Maps). 

Ortiz, Tomas, O.S.A., Practica del ministerio, 13, 254, 43, 14-16, 95, 98, X03- 
xx2, 46, 287, 289-291, 308. 

Osorio de Fonseca, Jeronimo, De rebus Emmanuelis regis Lus., 6, 58. 

Oviedo (see Fernandez de Oviedo y Vald6s). 

Packard, R. L., Educ. in Cuba, Porto Rico, and Phil., 45, 164, 166. 

Paesi nouamente retrouati, 1, 194. 

Pages Leon, cited, 33, 294. 

Palafox, Juan de, Virtudes del Indio, 40, 191, 256. 

Palgrave, William Gifford, S.J., Malay life, 1, 74, 75 (in Cornhill Mag., 1878; 
and Palgrave's Ulysses). 

Pallegoix, Jean Baptiste, Diet., 15, 87. 

Papeles de los Jesuitas, see Archives: Real Acad, de la Hist 

Paradada, D., S.J., Soberanla nacional, 53, 193. 

Pardo de Tavera, Dr. T. H., Hist, del desc. de las reg. austr., 15, 1x4, 1x5; 
Biblioteca fit., 16, 69, 33, mx, 29, 265, 266, 37, »75, 41, 272, 43, ioi, 1x4, 276, 
45, *99, 46, 303, 51, 45, xoo, 3*3, 53, 29, 33, 132, X40, 142-146, 150, 152, 157, 
160, X67, X69, 171, 174, 18X-183, X93, 3x2, 324, 340, 349, 350, 358; Sanscrito en 
tagalog, 16, 97, 36, 198; Antiguos alfabetos fil., 16, 1x7; Costumbres de los 
Tagalos, 157; Etim. de los nombres de rastas de Fil., 40, 47; Mapa de Fil. del P. 



122 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc. (continued)— 
Murillo Velarde, 49, 63; Mem. de Anda, 50, 75, 118, 137, 323; Reset* hist, 5 J, 
171; Tagbanua and Mangy an alphabets, 351; cited, 39, 97, 43, 114, 281, 51, 46. 

Pasion de Cristo (poem), 45, 247. 

Pastells, Pablo, S.J., Labor evangilico por P. Francisco Colin, ao, 226, 21, 
3*34, 43. 45. 5*, 5*, «3, 64, 7 8 » **» *5, 318, 3**, *3, 21, 299, 35, ai, 3*»» *7, 
«3, *59, 303, 304, 306, $66, 38, 84, 86, 87, 90-92, 97. 98, xoa, 39, 21, 135, 207, 
266, 277, 315, 34, 193. 304, 453, 37. »54» 41, »7*, *95, 45, 17, 95, "3-«5, "7, 
118, 121, Z22, 173-181, 52, 340 (iee also above, Colin) ; Combe's (see below, 
Retana); letter, 43, 22, 23, 96, 268-287; ethnological appendix (in Cartas de los 
PP. de la comp. de Jesus, q. v., ante), 44, 65; Masoninaci6n de Fil^ 521, 235; 
cited, 13, xo, 176, 178-180, 183, X93, X95, 202, 205, 224, 23X, 232, 267, 271, 13, 65, 
xx8, XX9, 2x4, 43, *X9, 283. 

Paterno, Pedro Alejandro, Antigua civilization de FiL, 40, 280, 53, 154. 

Pedro, Rodriguez S. (compiler), Legis. ultramar, 218, 297, 298, 53, 58. 

Pelisso, Guilhem, Chronique, 5, 258. 

Pellicena y Lopez, Joaquin, Frailes y fiL, 53, 189, 201, 203. 

Penn. Ger. Soc, Proceedings, 48, 29a 

Penaranda, Carlos, Ante la opinion, 53, 194. 

Perez, Angel, O.S.A., Relaciones Agus., 43, zox, xoa; Adiciones (with C. 
Guemes), 46, 308. 

Perez, Elviro J., O.S.A., Catdlogo, 3, 332, 6, 46, 80, 8, 2x7, 9, 95, II, 308, 

13, XI9, 295, 13, *9», *5, 22X, 255, 17, 87, X2X, 18, 82, 83, 278, 33, I2X, X85, 

X89, X9X, 202, 2x3, 2x4, 225, 256, 257, 262, 275, 279, a*3. **5, *88, 29X, 295, 34, 
30, $2, 34, 36, 40, 4*, 48, 5*, 57, 58, 60, 64, 68, 69, 7X, 73, 77, 78, 80, 
8x, 85, 88, 89, 93, 94, X09, XX2, X20, X23, X27, X29, 130, X33, X40, 146, *49, *59. 
x6o, x66, X74, 35, X52, X53, X57-X59, 2x8, 304, 39, 265, 3a, 125, 283, 34, 
3*7, 415, 37, 149, 150, **3, **5-x*7, 178, X79, 185, x86, 2x0, 2x4, 2x5, 2x9, 222- 
224, 226, 232, 236, 237, 245, 246, 254, 259, 260, 38, X82, X85, 2x7, 4a, X29, X3X, 
229, 43, X03, 1x4, 44, 85, 48, 6x, 65, 70, 76, 78, 86, 90, xxx, 5*, 5*. 5«- 

Perouse (see Galaup de la Perouse, J. F.). 

Peschel Oscar Ferdinand, Geschichte des Zeitalters der Entdeckungen, I, 28, 
48, 29a 

Pen de Madera, 46, 257. 

Phil, et Vinsur. de 1896-1897 (in Revue mil. de P Stranger), 53, X94. 

Pigafetta, Antonio, Letter, 1, 29; Relation, 3, 120 (iee above, Amoretti, and 
Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst sen, no. 52) ; First voy. around world (Eng. transl. from 
Ambros. MS.), 33 t xi-24, 25-367, 34, w-16, 37-*8o, 39, 61, 43, 99, 5*. 33* J 
Ambros. MS., 33, 275, 316, 328, 34, 146, 179; MS. 5, 650 (French transl. and 
adaptation of Ambros.), 33, 275-277, 290-304, 308, 3x0-3x5, 3*7-33«, 333"338, 
340, 34X, 343, 348-352, 354-359, 361, 362, 364-3 66, 34, i53-«57, 160-X77, 180; MS. 
24^24 (adaptation of 5,650), 33, 275, 298, 34, x8o; Nancy MS. (transl. of Ital. 
MS.), 33, 275, 337; Treatise on sphere, 274, 295; Petition to doge of Venice% 
34, 179, *8o. 

Pigafetta, Marcantonio, Itinerario, 33, 354. 

Pilar, Marcelo H. del, Soberania monacal, 53, 159, 174, 178, 203; Frailocracta 
fil., 178 ; Frailes en FiL, X79. 

Pina, Ruy de, Chronica, I, 24. 

Pineda, Joannes de, Commentarium, 13, 307; Job, 307, 308. 

Pingrl, Alexander Guy (transl.), Descubr. de las islas de Salomon, 15, 112. 



Books] INDEX 123 

Pius IX, Syllabus errorum, 53, 25, 237, 267, 268. 

Plasenria, Joan, O.SJF., composes Chris. Doctrine, 9, 68; compiles first Tagalog 
grammar, 23, 202; Customs of Tagdlogs (Costumbres) , 7, 6, 18, 77, 173-196, 3x9, 
11, 32, Si, ai, 138, 33, 33*. 4<>, 33*, 33*, 347, 43, 99 J Customs of Pampangos, 
11, 81, 16, 321-329; cited, 6, 76, 15, 40, 35, 311; see also Plasenria. 

Platero, Gomes, Catdlogo, 8, 233. 

Plauchut, Edmond, VArchipel des Phil., 37, 171, 45, 286. 

Plehn, Carl C, Taxation in Phil., 5a, 156. 

Plessis, Armand Jean du, Due de Richelieu, cited, 48, 263. 

Pling (Plinius), Naturalis historic, 12, 189, 190; cited, I, 198, 308, 309, 13, 
3<>5, 33, 292, 333. 

Polo, Marco, Travels, 1, 194, 4, 56, 57, 34, z6a. 

Pons, Francois Raimond Joseph de, Voyage, 1, 52. 

Poos y Torres, Salvador, Defenso del clero fd., 53, 168; Clero sec. fil., 168; 
ImfugnacUn, 168 ; Mi ultimo grito de alarma, 168. 

Pontificate Romanum, 34, 357. 

Porter, R. S., Primer and vocab. of Moro dialect, 39, 25. 

Portraiture of Jes., 50, 31a 

Pory, John (see above Hakl. Soc Pubs., zst ser., not. 92-94). 

P0220, Bartolomeo del, cited, 33, 274. 

Preble, George H., Ships of 16th cent, in united service, 11, 229. 

Presupuestos gen., 52, 157, 158. 

Prevost d* Exiles, Antoine Francois, Hist, des voy., 1, 65. 

Primo de Rivera, Gov. Fernando, Memoria, 53, 187, 190, 195-200, 258. 

Procopius of Gada, Commentarii, 12, 306. 

Prov. de S. Nic. de Tolentino, 31, 218, 299, 37, 216, 28, 16, 66, 300-348, 370, 
*9, »74, 35, 61, 68. 

Pyrard de Laval, Francois (see above, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., ist ser., nos. 76, 77, 80). 

Ptolemy (Ptolemcus), Geographia, 1, 78, 198, 202, 206, 208-2x0, 308, 309, 312, 
336, 34, 190. 

Puente y Olea, Manuel de la, Trabajos geog. de la Casa de Contratacion, 53, 
326. 

Purchas, Samuel, Pilgrimes, 15, 63, 299, 18, 66, 33, 3»9- 

Quadro sindptico de las is las Fil., 46, 246. 

Quaritch, Bernard, Catalogue, I, 194. 

Quevedo, Francisco (see above, Gomez de Quevedo y Villegas). 

Quintillianus (Quintillian), Marcus Fabius, Declamations, 29, 89. 

Rada, Martin de, O.S.A., De latitudine et long, locorum invenienda, 3, 2x8 (see 
also Rada). 

Raffles, Sir Thomas Stamford, Hist. Java, 51, 91, 92. 

Ramband, A. N. (see above, Lavisse). 

Ramesal, Antonio de, O.P., Hist, gen., Indias Occid., 40, 191. 

Ramusio, Giovanni Battista, Univer. delta parte del mondo nuovamente ritrovata, 
16, 206; Summary of kingdoms, 33, 333; cited, 34, 180. 

Ranke, Leopold von, Lives of Popes, 25, 166. 

Raon, Gov. Jose\ Ordenanzas de buen gobierno, 52, 54, 55 (see also above Del 
Pan). 

Ratzel, Friedrich, Hist, of mankind, 21, 241, 43, xx8. 

Rawle, Francis, Law Diet. (Bouvier revised), 8, 175. 

Raynal, Guillaume Thomas Francois, Etablissemens (also Eng. transl), 30, 54, 



124 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued) — 

7h 35, 209, 45, 3*, 4*-5*t 5*, 47. 234, 238-241, 275, 48, 265, 266, 49. *4», 51, 
xo6, 238, 52 345. 

Raynaud, Theophile, S.J., De martyrio per pestem, 25, 92. 

Recopilacion de leyes de Indies, 1, 51, 53, 58, 61-63, 70, 3, 278, 4? 87, 145, 5, 
258. 294, 7, xx6, 9, 256, 10, 131, 14, 149, 3*8, 15, 10, 60, 16, 144, 145, 147, 155, 
156, 160-162, 164, 165, 167, 169, 172, 173, 175, 176, x8a, x88, X89, X93, 194, 17, 25- 
50, 96, X32, X33, X78, 282, 313, *&, 3*, »75, 260, a6x, 3x8, 3x9, 30, 187, 393, 33, 
7X, X23, X5X-159, 333, 34, 3©7, *5, 2X > 75, 7*, 322, 37, 59, ^8, 67-77, "3. 
X15, 13a, X37, X44, ao8, 33a, 397, 369, 30, 45, 34. 4", 35, 67, 36, 19, 397, 300, 
30X, 305, 41, 256, 4a, xo8, X15, 44, X2X, 234, a35, 248, a77, 45, 88, 204, 322, 
46, 73, I3X, 3X9, 47, »57, 48, x6x, a37. 238, 245, 261, 49, X32, X33, 135, X36, 
150, 191-193, 278, 396, 50, 29, 94, xox, X02, xi8, X20, 136, 144, 145, 159, x6x, 
165, x68, X73, 2x6, 220, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234, 236-241, 244, 245, 248, 250-253, 
256-259, 261, 51, 25, X99, 205, 2x6, 2x8, 220, 267, 53, 43. 59, 70, X03, X83, 266- 
268, 271, 272, 34X, 342, 344. 

Recueil des voiages . . des I tides orient., 11, 150, 152, 15, X99, 268, 330, 
17, «35, *3*, I*, 142, 280, 19, 29X, 35, "6, 36, 45, 43, 227, 48, ", 2x3. 

Reed, William Allen, Negritos of Zambales, 33, 348, 36, 174, 38, 91, 43, 68, xox, 
XX5, 47, 289, 302, 51, 8a 

Regidor y Jurado, A. M., and Mason, J. W. T., Commercial prog, in Phil., 53, 

143. 

Reglamento de asuntos de imprenta, 53, 139. 

Rein, J. J., Japan, 8, 262, 263, 9, 43. ", 7*. *5, 123, 125, 16, 47, 18, 2x7, 
2x8, 240, 19, 5X, 34, 232, 235, 31, 173, 255, 279, 284, 3a, 33, 50, 68, 89, X83, 294. 

Rel. des Isles Phil., 1, 44 (tee also, Thevenot, and Bobadilla). 

Rel. of disc, of Malucos and Phil., 3, xo, 1x9, 121-131, 3x5-3x7. 

Rel. of voy. to Luz6n, 3, 17, 67, 73-104. 

Rel. verdadera del levant de los Sang leyes, 39, 257 (see also Chin. II: insurrec- 
tions). 

Rem, Lucas, Tagebuch, 48, 290, 291. 

Remarks by an Englishman, 51, 14-16, 73-181, 275, 53, 324. 

Renouard de St Croix, Felix, Voyage, 38, 295, 298. 

Reply to Ratio's opinion, 3, 11, 23, 260-271, 3x5. 

Requisitions for supplies for Phil., 3, 18, 132-140, 3x5. 

ReseHa biogr. Santo Rosario, 13, 301, 14, 82, 331, 15, 84, 185, 280, 281, 17, 93, 
94, X57, 236, 30, 263, 33, 201, 34, 273, 35, X58, 208, 218, 245, 259, 37, 31X, 
38, 125, 39, 25, 26, 30, X17, 120-122, 128, X89, X97, 201, 202, 302, 31, 36, 37, 
44, 165, 200, 259, 33, 59, X48, 158, x6x, 167, 218, 22X, 246, 25X, 287, 293, 34, 326, 
35, 26, 136, X49, i6x, 267, 36, 219, 37, 84, 85, X13, 256, 286, 38, 54, 80, 83, 229, 
237, 39, 124, 125, X27, 154, X55, X77-179, 204, 261, 272, 273, 41, 9X, 249, 261, 43, 
28, 30, 37, 57, 59, 69, 78, 80, 8x, 83, 85, 89, 45, 212, 47, 332, 48, X73, 5a, 332. 

Retana y Gamboa, Wenceslao Emilio, Estadisino (tee above, Martinez de 
ZiSfiiga). 

Archivo, 1, 41, 44, 60, 82, 3, 1x9, 316, 3x7, 5, X23, 2xx, 225, 226, 238, 243, 
320, 7, 196, 197, 3x9, *, 23, 319, 35, X67, 325, 36, 21, 308, 39, X9, 303, 43, xox, 
48, 131, 151, 53, 139, 165, 176, 180-182, 186, 187, 192; Catalogo fit., I, 44, 82, 
46, 25X, 5a, 29, 33, 71, 339, 358; Imprenta en Fil., I, 79, 5a, X39, 333; Bibl. 
Mindanao, 3, 71, 37, 328; Libro de aniterias, 13, 254, 43, xxo; Historia de Min- 
danao . . por el P. Francisco Combe's (in collaboration with Pastel Is), 31, 229, 303, 



Books] INDEX 12$ 

26, 266, «7i »i7» 359. *7*, ***t 292, 3a, 97. 3*, X3*i 136, 4<>, 107, ixx, 
115, 118, 119, 123 127, 130, 136, 153, 158, 160, 167, 175, 178-180, 182; Fiestas de 
twos en FiL, 32, 61; Periodismo, 45, 271, 51, 33, 46, 48, 71, 138; Vida y escritos 
del Dr. Josi Ristal, 46, 355, 52, 16$, 180, 184, 226; Avisos y profecias, 174; 
A potato bibl., 324, 339, 358; cited, 46, 27, 335, 52, 188, 358; see alio Archives; 
and Periodicals: La Politica de Esp. en FiL 

Reverter y Delmas, E., FiL por Espana, 5 2, 193 ; Insurreccidn de FiL 9 193. 

Reyes y Florentine, Icabelo de los, Articulos varios, 15, 48, 330, 331; Doctrina 
y reglas const, de la iglesia fit. indepen. (in collaboration with others), 45, 95, 
234* *35> 5*» 169; Relig. del Katipunan t 193; FiL ante Europa, 193. 

Reyes Lala, Ramon, Phil. Is., 51, 102-105, 2 3 x - 

Reynaldi, — , Annates ecc. t I, 340. 

Rezabal y Ugarte, Jos* de, Escritores de los colegios, 48, 186. 

Ria-Baja, Carlos, El desastre fil., 52, 194. 

Ribera, Francisco, In librum duodecim proph. commentarii, 12, 294. 

Ricafort Palacin y Ararca, Mariano, Reduction de Bohol, 51, 51* 52. 

Ricard, Samuel, Traiti gen. du com., 48, 209, 288. 

Richelieu, Due de (see above, Plessis). 

Riggs, Arthur Stanley, FiL Drama (MS.), 40, 77, 45, 271. 

Rio, Antonio del, Sitio y rendicUn, $2, 194. 

Rio, Manuel del, Prdctica del pdrroco dominican, 46, 288, 291, 292; Instrucciones 
mor. y relig., 308. 

Rios, Ferdinand de los, Relation et mem., I, 53. 

Rios Coronel, Hernando de los (see Rios Coronel). 

Rivadeneira, Marcelo de, O.S.F., Historia, 10, 142, 28, 294, 295. 

Riverside natural hist., 33, 294. 

Rizal, Dr. Jos*, Constitution of Liga FiL, 52, zz, 22, 23, 27, 183, 2Z7-226, 287; 
Filibusterismo, 15, 36, 46, 170, Z7Z, 179, 204, 205, 350; Mi patria (poem), Z72; 
Noli me tangere, 15, 36, 46, 350, 53, Z79; Diary, 180; Sucesos (Morga's), z8o 
(see also above, Morga) ; FiL dentro de cien ahos, 181, 202. 

Robertson, William, Hist. Amer., 1, 64, 65. 

Roca de Togores y Saravia, Jose, Bloqueo y sitio de Manila, 52, 193. 

Rodenborgh, Joannes, Logical compendiosae, 40, 256. 

Rodriguez, Manuel, O.S.F., Nova collectio, 21, 41, 42; Questiones reg. et canon., 

44- 

Rodriguez de Ovalle, Alfonso, Relacion, 50, 171. 

Rodriguez Trujillo, Jos*, Mem. sobre marina, 52, 152. 

Rodriguez Varela, Luis (£1 Conde Filipino), Parnaso filipino, 51, 47. 

Roman, Jer6nimo, O.S.A., Rep. del mundo, 23, 239. 

Roncagli, — , Da punta arenas a Santa Cruz, 33, 303. 

Rosa, Jos* de la, Admin, publico, 52, 152. 

Roscher, Wilhelm, Kolonien, KoL-poL und Ausvoanderung, 51, 146, 147, 2x9. 

Rose, Hugh James, Neva gen. biog. diet, 33, 3", 37, 259. 4i» ™6, 47, 251, 49, 

47, 61. 

Roteiro (see above, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., ist ser., no. 52). 

Roth, Henry Ling, Natives of Sarawak, 33, 353, 38, 91, 39, 25, 40, 58, x6o, 

48, 92, 51, 75. 

Roxas, Felix M., Comentarios, 521, 154. 

Roxas, Manuel £., Constitution apostolica, 52, 168. 

Roy. Soc of Can., TransL, I, 13a 



126 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Books, Manuscripts, etc (continued) — 

Rule, W. H., Hist. Inquis., 5, 258. 

Saavedra, — , Curia fil., 50, 45 ; Empresas poL, 45. 

Sachse, Julius Friedrich, Ger. influence in Penn., 48, 29a 

Saez, Fray Liciniano, M one das que corrian en Costilla, 19, 254. 

St Ambrose, De oficiis clericorum, 13, 2x2. 

St Augustine, Quaesitionum super numeros (Questions on Numbers), 8, 201, 
202 ; Quaesitionum super Jo sue, 201 ; Contra Faustum, 205 ; De verbo Domini, 205 ; 
Epistola ad Bonifacium, 205, 206; In natali martyrium, 35, 90; cited, 8, 199, 201, 
202, 204, 205, 207, 209, 2x0, 233, *5, 90, 46, 360, 53, 248, 249. 

St Bernard, cited, 36, 168. 

St Clair, Francis, Katipunan, 46, 361, 53, 188. 

St Cyprian, Epistles, 25, 91, 94. 

St Dionysus, cited, 13, 183. 

St Gregory, Homil. II, 33, 194. 

St Jerome, First epis. to Pamaquio, 13, 238; Sermo, 305. 

St John Climachus, cited, 31, 263. 

St Poss, Vita S. Aug., 33, 207. 

St Thomas Aquinas, Summa theol., 8, 200; cited, 7, 241, 8, 199-201. 

Salazar, Vicente de, O.P., Historia, 37, 146, 38, 228-240, 39, 19, 1x5, 162, 163, 
165, X67, 174, 204, 243-275. 303, 41, Hx, »54. 43, 27-93, 45, 208-2x7, 47, 2x9, 
289, 290, 332, 48, xo6, 131, 174. 

Saleeby, Najeeb M., Studies in Moro hist., 43, 102, 46, 45, 48, 53, 328. 

Salgado, — , De regia potestate (for Salgado de Somoza, Francisco, De regia 
protectione [?]), 43, 274. 

Salinas y Angulo, Ignacio, Legislaci6n mil., 53, 152. 

San Agustin, Andres de (Rec), cited, 35, 3x2, 3x3. 

San Agustin, Gaspar de, O.S.A., Conquistas, 15, 51, 52, 66, 89, 108, 114, 133, 
139, 18, X7X, 30, 198, 33, X32, X34, 232, 274, 35, X52, 37, 227, 245, 4<>, X85, 41, 
160-162, 213, 214, 43, 241, 242, 47, 220, 50, 156, 161, 162, 179; letter on natives, 
33, 271, 38, 222, 40, 33, 35, X83-295, 43, 99, 5*, 49; Compendio de la arU de la 
lengua tag., 35, 152. 

San Agustin, Manuel de, O.S.F., Relacion, 48, 67 (see also above, Fermoselle). 

Santa Ana, Alonso de, O.S.F., Misterios de nuestra Santa fe, 35, 312. 

San Antonio, Juan Francisco de, Chronicas, 1, 44, 77, 86, 16, 117, 272, 17, 
293, 294, 3x2, 33, 140, 38, 12, 66, X04-X62, X87, 2x9-225, 350, 369, 40, 33, 35, X84, 
254, 284, 296-373, 41, 93-95, X44, x6o, X65, X73, X74, X94, 222, 4a, 45, 43, too, 
45, 207, 49, X3, 30, 3X, 50, X39, 51, 298, 302. 

Sanchez de la Rosa, Antonio, O.S.F., Die. hisp.-bis. y bis.-esp., 33, 344, 347. 

Sancho, Miguel, Relacion, 53, 92. 

Sanciano y Goson, Gregorio, Progreso de Fil., 15, 179, 45, 243, 53, 140, 141, 
144, 146, 154, 155, 157, 166, x68, 358. 

Sand in, Alonzo, O.P., Respuesta, 39, 152, 175. 

San Francisco de Assis, Pedro de (Rec), Hist., 41, 31, 57-272. 

Sanlucar, Pedro de (see above Noccda). 

San Nicolas, Andres de (Rec.), Hist., 31, 7, 9, 12, 107-185, 3x9, 36, 13, 41, 
113, 126. 

San Pedro, Rodriguez, Col. legislativa, 50, 227. 

Santa Cruz, Baltasar de, O.P., Historia, 35, 192, 193, 35, 9, xo, 21, 23, 25-58, 



Books] INDEX 127 

267, 272, 3*4, 36, ax8, 37, 2i f 64-148, 189, 307, 38, 94, »39, 17*, **<>, 41, 86, 
108, 134, 4a, 242, 44, 141-169, 45, 95. 

Santa Ines, Francisco de, O.S.F., Cronica, 4, 19, 185, 320, 5, 257, 6, 76, 126, 
13*, X3«, 7, 77, 132, 185, 3x9, 8, 233, 26X-263, 9, 79, 3©7, 3*7, IO, 25, 28, 46, 154, 
15, xas, X26, 5*, 33i- 

Santa Maria, Joseph de, O.S.F., cited, 35, 3x2. 

Santamaria de Parades, Vicente, Derecho pol., 5a, 326. 

Santa Theresa, Diego de (Rec.), Hutoria, 36, 107, 1x3-188, 41, 87, 108, no, 113, 
X20, 126, 151, 198. 

Santos, Domingo de los, O.S.F., Focab., 50, 221. 

Sanz, Gregorio, Em brio logic sagrada, 45, 289. 

Sanz y Escartin, Eduardo, Instruction pub., 46, xa8. 

Sardi, Alessandro, De moribus, 12, 307. 

Sastron, Manuel, lnsurrecci6n en Fil., 46, 357, 361, 53, 149, 159, 182, 194. 

Satow, Sir Ernest Mason (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 2d ser., na 5). 

Savary (Sabary), Jacques, Diet., 48, 276, 288, 289, 3x6, 323. 

Sawyer, Frederic H., lnhab. of Phil., I, ax, 73, 75, 76, 4, 68, 13, 187, 2x4, 14, 
303, 17, 3", *9, »5i, ao, 270, *73, *3, 224, *8, 96, 247, 46, 357, 36x, 5*, X36, 
137, 142, 155, XS7, X92, 235. 

Schaff, Philip, Creeds of Christendom, 52, 237, 267, 268. 

Scheerer, Otto, Nabaloi dialect, 43, xox. 

Scheidnagel, Manuel, Colonics esf., 52, 136. 

Schmidt, Ulrich (see above, HakL Soc. Pubs., xst ser., no. 81). 

Schoner, Johann, cited, 1, 344. 

Second at, Charles de (baron de la Breda de Montesquieu), Es frits des lots, 
36, 281. 

Segneri, Paulo, S.J., Parroco instruito, 40, 275, 276. 

Set Yo Ki Bun {Annals of W. nations), 28, 1x9. 

Selden, John, Mare clausum, 48, 268. 

Semper, Karl, Philippinen, 33, 357, 45, 246, 5*, 33* J Palau-lnseln, 349. 

Sent en etas cath. del divi poeta Dant, I, 130. 

Serrano, Nicolas M., Die, 52, 341. 

Seyffert, August Oscar, Diet., 34, 3x9, 40, 50, 51. 

Shipper*, Edward, Galleys of 1 6th cent., 11, 229. 

Shorthouse, John, John Inglesant, 44, 189. 

Sicardo, Joseph, Christiandad del Japon, 41, 173. 

Sidrac, Jesus, Ecc, 13, 238. 

Smith, William, Diet., 40, 200. 

Sokeland, Herrmann, Ancient desemers or steelyards, 47, x8a. 

Solis, Antonio de, Hist. Mex., 51, 83. 

Solorzano Pereyra (Pereira), Juan de, De juris Indiarum, 1, 340, 4a, 274; 
Disputationetn, 40, 3551 Pol ind., 48, 245, *4*; cited, 3, 54, 38, 1x4, 39, 75, 76, 
46, 55, 48, 271, 272. 

Sommervogel, Carlos, S.J., Bibl. Comp. Jisus, 5, 28, 31, II, 191, 2ix, 225, 13, 
179, 203, 17, 70, 250, 2 5*, 264, 265, 274, 275, 31, 82, 33, 42, 8x, X37, X40, 198, 
*93, 2 97, 300, 35, 9*, 205, 36, 267, 37, 22, 308, 38, X02, 329, 39, 37, 31, 283, 
34, 3*6, 385, 36, 45, 49, 37, 267, 38, 50, 1x6, 40, 192, 276, 41, 39, 4*, 179, 
43, 212, 45, 103, 49, X52, 268. 

Sotwell, Nathaniel, S.J., cited, 32, 198. 



128 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Boon, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 
Span, Capuchin, 43, 290. 

Spencer, Herbert, Ceremonial instiu, 33, 327, 35, 38, 44, 109. 
Spilbergen, Jorit van, and Lemaire, Jacob, Speculum orien. occiden. Ind. navigat, 
18, 7. 
Spiritu Santo, Juan del, O.S.F., cited, 35, 313. 
Springer, Balthasar, Indienfahrt, 48, 291. 
Stade, Hans (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., zst ser., no. 51). 
Standard diet., 51, 96. 
Stanley, Henry Edward John (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., zst ser., nos. 35, 

39, 5*)- 

Statesman's year-book, 53, 152. 

Stevens, Henry, Johann Sc hotter, 1, 247, 344, 33, frontispiece; Sebas. Cabot, 3, 
37; cited, I, 306, 3x91 S«x, 322, 3*8, 33°, SSX, 3S& 

Stevens, Capt John, Coll, of voy., 16, 85; Span, rule of trade, 53, 346. 

Stevenson, Matilda C, cited, 48, 12a 

Stocklein, Joseph, S.J., Neue Welt-Bott, 5a, 339. 

Stuntz, H. C, Phil, and Far East, 45, 234-236, 46, 371. 

Sylvester, — , Bellum, 8, 203, 2x2. 

Tamayo, — , O.P., Sobre una ReseHa, 5a, 171, 175. 

Tarducci, F., J. and S. Cabot, a, 37. 

Teatro de la legis. univ. de Esp, y Ind,, 35, 76, 44, 234. 

Telfer, John Beuchan (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 58). 

Tertullian, Apologetica adversus gentis, 35, 89. 

Theal, George McCall, S. Africa, 4a, 243. 

Thevenot, Melchisedech (Melquisedec), Voy. curieux, 1, 44, 46, 53, 39, 21, 69, 

75, X39, *77, 3x5. 

Thompson, Sir Edward Maunde (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., .xst ser., nos. 
66, 67). 

Thomson, Basil (see above, Hakl. Soc. Pubs., 2d ser., nos. 7, 8). 

Thou, Jacques August de, Historia, 48, 263. 

Thwaites, Reuben Gold (ed.), Jet, relations, 1, 3x0, a, xxx, 139, la, 266, 269, 
15, X2i, 16, 96, X52, 18, 32X, 19, 52, ai, 229, 33, 185, »*, **7, »9, *93, S3, 
*97, 302, 317, 336, 40, x6o, 43, 262, 44, 34. 5<>, 298. 

Ticknor, George, Hist, Span, lit, 40, 192, 246. 

Tiraquellus, Andreas, Ex commentariis in pict. cosuetudiue, 13, 294. 

Tootal, Albert (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 51). 

Torquemada, Juan de, O.S.F., Monorchia Indiana, 38, xxx, 40, 190, 191. 

Toral, Juan and Jos6, Sitio de Manila, 53, 193. 

Tornow, Max L., Econ, conditions in Phil,, 53, 142. 

Torres, Diego de, Relatione breve, 11, 7, 189, 191, 192. 

Torres Lanzas, Pedro, Relacion de ma pas t 53, 334. 

Torrubia, Joseph, O.S.F., Dissertacion, 15, 35, 46, 41, 43, 47, 24, 119-121, 
48, 200, 238, 53, 334, 340, 350. 

Transylvanus, Maximilianus, De Moluccis Insults } 1, 9, xx, 25-27, 247, 303-337, 
343, 344, 33, *9X, 3<>x, 302, 304, 310, 314, 318, 319, 32X, 330, 349, 356, 34, X56, 
X65, 177. 

Trumbull, H. C, Blood covenant, 33, 326, 35, 75* 

Tullius, Cicero, E pis tola f t 39, 89. 

Ufano, Diego, Mil. treatise, 39, 136. 



Books] index 129 

United States Gov't: Bureau of Insular Affairs (War Dept), Phil. Gazetteer, 
a, 299, 3, 5*, 59. 224, 4, 276, 5, 169, 6, 68, 143, 202, 7, 4a, 16, 87, 9a, 
97, 17. 335. I8» X70-X73, *77, **, 3©5, 308, 33, X49, 163, 165, 196, 197, 209, no, 
244, a6x, 277-279, 281, *8, 47, 9", 3", *9, 233, 275, 298, 31, 204, 33, 3*3, 33*, 
35, X76, 38, 37, 53, 39, 80, 97, 4<>, xi2, 163, 43, 82, 269, 44, 39, 4*. 46, 48, 
47, 87, XX3, 120; Phil. Comm'n Reports, 3, X9X, 5, 3*, "67, 6, 301, 302, 7, X95, 8, 
87, 13, 34, 183, 13, X4X, X85, 14, 2x2, 16, 91, 92, 94, 97, 17, 335, 19, 282, 30, 
258, 31, 199, 3x1, 39, 23, 296, 33, X04, 199, 33, 354, 36, 279, 43, xox, X54, 45, 

95, 242, 243, 248, 282, 283, 303, 318, 328, 46, 96, 368, 369, 50, 66, 51, 298, 3X7, 
53, X40, X42, X45, 148, X53, X55, X57, 162, X63, X98, 324, 343, 351; Official 
handbook of Phil., 33, 356, 357, 34, X55, 164, 35, 299, 30X, 36, 223, 37, 4», 
38, 22, 29, 52, 40, X32, 41, 5X, 251, 43, 105, X46, 147, 224, 47, xix, 48, X2X, 
*79, 297, 299, 3<>5, 309, 51, XX9, 126, 132, 140-X42, 5*, 143, *44, 297, 3*9, 320; 
Monthly summary of Com., 146. 

— Smithsonian Inst'n, Repts., 13, 187, 14, 303, 18, 79, 31, 243, 33, 223, 38, 

96, 31, 204, 47, 182. 

— Geol. survey, Repts., 30, 268, 276, 35, 301. 

— Bureau of census, Census of Phil, (partly from advance Bulletins), 30, 
370, 33, 161, X97, 209, 210, 2x3, 2x4, 243, 244, 259, 26x, 262, 264, 277-279, 28x, 
a*8, 290, 293, 294, 296, 297, 38, 338, 39, 90, 3», XX3, 33, 324, 325, 348, 356, 357, 
34, X89, 223, 230, 236, 277, 376, 382, 383, 386, 36, 97, "», X28, 198, 37, 239, 244, 
2*0, 38, 31, 49, 50, 53, 63, 39, So, 97, 40, 3S, 47, 48, 77, 100, 103, 1x7, X23, 
**3, X79, 29X, 298, 299, 363, 41, 15S, X74, X75, 2x2, 239, 240, 245, 43, 72, 7S, 
102, 132-134, X36, 144, 158, 160, x8x, X82, 188, X89, X93, 197, X99, 224, 233, 239, 
24X, 255-257, 264, 265, 268-270, 273, 275, 277-279, 28X-283, 45, 95, "I, X32, 133, 
i6x, X63, 166, 167, 208, 2x2, 213, 2x5, 23X-233, 24X-243, 246, 248, 254, 282, 283, 
**5, 293, 313, 46, 72, 76, 7S, 82, X02, X43, 280, 371, 47, 256, 48, 60, 62, 74, 
77, 81, 89, xo8, 50, 66, 51, 77, 126, 137, 140, 53, «7, *39, x6o, 171, 324, 329, 343, 
358. 

— Affairs of Phil, hearing before Sen. comm., 33, 356. 

— Ethnological survey, Repts., 36, 174, 37, 243, 43, 72, iox, X02, 117, 48, X20, 
51, 80, 53, 163 (see also above, Jenks, Miller, and Scheerer). 

— Forestry Bureau, Span, public land laws, 53, 143, 144; see above, Ahem. 

— Comm'r of Educ, Repts., 45, 95, 164, 166, 242-248, 282, 285, 3x5, 46, 68, 
72, 370; Bureau of Educ. (Manila), Bulletin, 370. Sen docs., 45, 113-115, 123, 
124, X31, X33, X35-X37, 140, 272, 46, 368, 52, X42, X47, X59, x66, 192, 196, 198. 

— Govt Printing Office, Rept. of Public Printer, 46, 369. 

— Bureau of Archives (Manila), Rept, 46, 369. 

— Bureau of Architecture, Rept., 46, 369. 

— War Dept, Repts., 46, 370, 47, 88, 49, 104, 345, 346, 53, X42, X55, 160, 162, 
166, X95. 

— Bureau of Labor, Bulletin, 46, 371. 

— Bureau of Govt Laboratories (Manila), Bulletins, 51, 75, 53, x6x. 

— Dept of Agric., Bulletin, 53, 146, 324. 

— Rept. of comm. on internafl exchange, 53, 148. Summary of Com., 53, 15a 

— Taft Phil. Comm'n, Rept., 32, 160, 166. 

— Congress' I Records, 53, 196, X97. 

— Code of Com., 53, 358 (see also Griffin, and Pardo de Tavera). 
Unsvers Pittoresque, 16, 204. 

Urcelo, Antonio, Pedro, Epigrammata, 40, 277, 278. 



130 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Books 

Boon, Manuscripts, etc. (continued) — 

Urquia, Juan dc (Capt Verdades), Hist negro, 5a, 194. 

Ustariz, Geronimo, Com. y marina, 48, 313, 314. 

Utor y Fernandez, Juan, Mas ones, 5a, 182. 

Uzielli, Gustavo, Studi bibliogr., 33, 3x9. 

Val, Pierre du, Giog. universelle, 39, 7, 129. 

Valdes,— (friar), A r chip, fl^ 46, 339. 

Varthema, Ludovico, Itinerario, ia, 190 (see also above, HakL Soc. Pubs., 1st 
sen, no. 32). 

Valentijn (Valentyn), Francois, Oud en Nieuno OosUlndien, 17, 253, 261, 3x8, 
ao, X48, aa, 97, a4, 9, *8x, *6, 33, 37, 163, 33, 35*, 34, 171, 35, 3*, 39, »35, 
145, 270, 38, 62, 66, 4*, X47, 48, *3*, 53, 340- 

Valinau, J., Univ. de Manila, 45, 168. 

Vaux, W. S. W. (see Hakl. Soc. Pubs., xst sen, no. 16). 

Vega, Alonso de, Questio de confession*, ai, 44. 

Vega, Lope de, Poesias, a6, 53. 

Veitia Linage, Jos*, Norte, 38, 79, 4«, 335, 5*, 34*. 

Velazquez de la Cadena, Mariano, Diet, 18, 171, 38, 56, 39, 131, 140, 159, 40, 
6x, 41, 257, 43, 194, 3H, 44, "3, 45, 171, 46, 185, X95, 47, ***, 5©, 26, 93. 

Verrier, Jean le (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., xst ser., no. 46). 

Veth, P. J., Java, 5a, 43. 

Viana, Francisco Leandro de, Demonstration, 48, 9, 13, 19-24, 193-339, 5°, 
91, 117, 129; letters and repts., 48, x86, 240-242, 280, 50, 12-16, 24-28, 38, 62, 
77-X36, X57, 158, x6i, 162, 230, 244, 259, 260, 3*3, 51, X37, 5*, 343, 344, 354- 

Vidal y Soler, Sebastian, Viajes por Jagor, 51, 64; cited, 5a, 161. 

Vindel, P., Catdlogos, 15, 289, 48, 3x, 67, X43, x86, X98, 3x3, 50, 29, 72, 51, 
228, 282, 294, 297, 53, 90, 93, X05, xo8, xxx, 127, 320, 324, 332, 333, 335, 339, 
349, 352, 354, 358. 

Virchow, Rudolf, Peopling of Phil., ia, 187. 

Virgil, Aeneid, ia, 308. 

Visscher, Nicolaus, India orient., a, 66. . 

Vivar, Pedro, O.S.A., Relacidn, 49, x6x, 191, 244, 343. 

Vollct, £. H., Grande encycl., a8, 114. 

Wafer, Lionel, Voy., 39, X37. 

Wallace, Alfred R., Malay Archip., ai, 198, 33, 157, x6x, 173, 351, 352, 34, 225. 

Walton, Clifford Stevens, Civil law in Spain, 45, 2x9, 5a, 159. 

Walton, William, State of Phil., 1, 41, a8, 351 (see also above, Coxnyn). 

Watts, H. £. (trans, and ed.), Don Quixote, 4a, 202, 47, 2x2. 

Webb, Alexander R. (consul), Rept., 5a, 142. 

Webster, Noah, Diet., 4, 80, 20, 289. 

White, Andrew D., Fra Paolo Sarpi (in Atlantic, xciii), as, 166. 

Whittle, James (see above, Laurie). 

Wickham, E. C, Horace, 40, 226, 245. 

Wilczek, Count Edward, Hist, importance of Pac. Ocean, 5a, 124. 

Wilhelm, Thomas, Mil. diet., 36, 245. 

Wilkes, Charles, U. S. explor. exped., 33, 294, 301, 3x7, 43, 16-18, 95, 98, 128-192. 

Willard, — (justice), Notes on Span, code, 5a, 160. 

Williams, O. R., Land laws, 5a, 143, 144. 

Williams, F. W., Chin, immigration, 50, 57. 



Borja] index 131 

Williams, S. Wells, Middle kingdom, ia, 104, 23, 107, 24, 300, 29, 48, 246, 
34, 17*. *73» 36, 252. 

Willis, Henry Parker, Phil, problem, 46, 371, 5a, 159; Reply to LeRoy (in 
Pol Set. Quar., Mar., 1907), 159. 

Wilson, — , Trans, of Ethnolog. soc, 33, 296. 
Wilson, James, Mem. Hist. N. Y., 1, 43. 

Winship, George Parker, Cabot bibliog., a, 37 ; Coronado exped., 4, 68. 
Winsor, Justin, Mem. Hist. Boston, 1, 43; Afar, aiuf rrtr. hist., 9, 309, 48, 208, 
ai x, 33, 330. 

Winterbotham, W., Chin, empire, ia, 104, 19, 44, 23, 109, 29, 246. 
Wis. Hist. Soc, Coll., II, 251. 
Woods, F. A., Heredity, 47, 251. 
Woodstock letters, ia, 227. 

Worcester, Dean C, Phil. Is., 1, 21, 51, 142, 5a, 136, 323, 343; Non-Chris, 
tribes of N. LunSn, 31, 79, 5*, 3*4> 3*8, 335, 35<>, 353, 354J Prim. Phil, fire-, 
making apparatus (in Phil. Jour. Scu, 1907), 351. 
Worsfold, W. Basil (?), South Africa, 4a, 243. 
Wright, J. (ed.), Trav. of M. Polo, 40, 46. 
Wright, Joseph, Eng. dialect diet., 31, 96. 
Xavier, St Francis, Instructions, 44, 1x3. 
Yamagata, Isoh (see above, Murdoch). 
Yndio agraviado, 31, 100. 
Yonge, Charles Duke, Hist. Brit, navy, 49, 53. 

Yule, Sir Henry, Book of Set Marco Polo, 34, 170; (see above, Hakl. Soc Pubs., 
1st ser., nos. 36, 37). 

Zamora, Eladio, O.S.A., Corporaciones relig. en Fil^ 13, 247, 43, 293, 46, 64, 66, 
319-360, 33, X53, **5, *88, 189. 

Zaragoza, Justo, Sucesos de Morga (reprint), ia, 176 (see also ante, Morga) ; 
Hist, descub. australes, 13, 103. 

Zavala y Aunon, Miguel de, Representation al rey, 48, 302, 314, 3x5, 327-329. 
Zurita, Geronimo, Anales, 16, 2x7. 
Bool (Bohol, vill. of Celebes Is.): location, 38, 62; Span, at, 62. 
Booty (plunder, spoils): royal dues levied on, a, 53, 55; division, 69, 134, 17, 127, 
a4, 119; taken at Manila, 3, 102; at Maluco, 31, 251; at Basilan, 46, 43; mourn- 
ing ended by, 3, 286. See also Captives ; and Piracy. 
Boquet, Joseph: father of miss'y, 36, 148. 
Boraguen: 38, 91. See Burauen. 
Bordas, Sebastian, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 70. 
Borges, Manuel, S.J.: martyred, 3a, 2x9. 
Borgia (Borja), Francisco de, S.J. (duke of Gandia, and gen.' of Jes.) : sends 

Sedeno to Japan, ia, 227, 228 ; sketch, 227, 228. 
Borgona, Archduke: devout, 19, 245. 
Borgona, Maria de: wife of Maximilian of Ger., and mother of Felipe I of Spain, 

1, 352. 

Borja, Alonso de, O.S.A.: early miss'y to Mez., 34, 423. 

Borja, Antonio, S.J.: takes part in Pardo controversy, 39, 139, 141, 143; acts as en- 
voy, 41, 3x7; official acts, 4a, 46, 60; sketch, 39, 139. 

Borja, Juan, O.S.A.: founds hospice in Mex., 37, x66; dignities held by, 2x9, 222. 

Borja, Ynigo de: Span. mil. official, aa, 29. 



132 the Philippine islands [Borneans 

Borneans (Burneyans, Burneyes, inhabitants of Borneo) — 

Origin, characteristics, etc.: ancestors from Mecca, 4, 15a Language, derived 
from Mecca, 150; letters written in, 155, 157, 158, z6a, 163, 167, 194, 196, 197, 
202-204; Fernandez understands, 222; words, 163, 198. Characteristics, peaceful, 
I, 329; mendacious, 3, 207; polygamous, 1, 330, 4, 144; superstitious, 162, 165; 
valiant, 221; chew betel, 222, 33, 2x3, 217; docile and intelligent, 28, 99. 

Social life: set civilized standard, 1, 328; resemble Moluccans, 332; resemble 
Fil., 43, 183; heathens, I, 328, 24, 16, 28, 99, 34, 389, 42, 183; their worship 
and beliefs, 1, 328; Mahometans or Moros (along coast), 4, 15, 65, 66, 150, 8, 
74, 16, 134, 23, 195. *4, 46, ^8, 97, 43, 183 ; proselyte, 4, 15, 150, 7, 49, «, 
74, 16, 134, 23, 195, 199, 40, 42; their beliefs, 4, 168; the manang bolt, 40, 160; 
their ceremonies, 33, 2x7, 2x9; officials, 4, 198, 222", 223, 224, 33, 221 (also for 
matter regarding their ruler or king, see 4, and 33; see also Siripada) ; chiefs, 
4, 126, 189; no crime among, 1, 330; king must stand penalty for war, 329; 
slavery among, 4, 191, 192. 

Houses, etc.: described, I, 330, 4, 201; Sande takes possession of, 169; Sande 
orders built, 189; speaking-tubes used in, 1, 329, 330, 33, 2x7; their dishes, 16, 
185, 33, 215-22X; their boats, 1, 330, 33, *i3, **5, 40, X73; food, 1, 330, 16, 185, 
33, 2x3, 2x5, 2x9; clothing, 1, 330, 4a, 183; animals used by, 1, 330; weapons, 
armor, etc., 2, 206, 4, 165, 167, 168, 182, 183, 184, x86, 198, 201, 33, 2x7, 34, 
388, 40, X78, 42, 183; their forts, 4, 190, X95, 196, X98, 207, 2x3, 2x4, 33, aax; 
lack ammunition, 4, 201; weapons returned to, 2x3; occupations, I, 330, 4, 195, 
206-208, 221; piracy and piratical raids, 151, 6, 184, 7, 165, 9, 244, 21, 225, 

22, 89, 26, 285, 29, 13, 98, xoo, 35, 124, 37, *4, 4<>, 130, 41, 104, *7*, 44, 74, **3- 
Women: attend king, 1, 330, 33, 2x7; in fort, 4, 195, 196; hold boat markets, 

33, 22x, 352; captured, 225. Their songs, 1, 329, 4, 221, 222; know how to 
play chess, 222. 

Relations with natives of Phil., etc.: Phil, peopled by migrations of, 37, 170, 
40, 42, 43, 306; threaten their existence, 40, 225; early trade in Luzon, 16, 134; 
intermarry with Tagalogs, 134; reside in Luzon, 23, 199; understand Moro [*. «., 
Tagalog] language, 4, 157; Tagalog chiefs among, 161-166, 181-183, 7, 103; 
conspire with Tagalogs, 84, 85, 97, 98, 103, 104, 124; instigate Tagalogs to revolt, 

23, 225; various tribes and peoples allied with, 4, 198, 15, 241, 29, 98, xx8, 40, 
130, 41, 104, 298; regard Moros as valiant, 4, 222; have intercourse with Cuyo, 
7, 49; plunder Calamianes, 4, 151, 21, 225; collect tribute in Calamianes, 7, 49; 
Joloan allies quarrel with, 29, xoo; Joloan chief instigates, against Span., 201, 
38, 136; trade with various localities, 34, 285. 

Relations with Europeans: Portuguese — allied with, 3, 182; aid asked against 
Span., 4, 223; conspiracy against, 223, 224; captured and freed by, 224; trade 
with, 224; sold as slaves to, 17, 140; fear, 33, 353. 

Spanish — crews of Magalhaes's ships among, 33, 2x3-231, 352, 353; captured 
by, 265, 34, 14; relate myths to, 129; Sande's expedition against, 4, 15, 144, 149- 
230, 34, 387-389, 41, 278; Silva despatches fleet against, 21, 163; Monforte's 
exped. against, 44, 78; hostile to, 3, 182, 6, X78, 7, ", 97, 9*, ***, 164, 9, 243, 
244, 22, 89, 35, 292, 293, 41, xx2, 44, 78 (see also instances of hostility through- 
out Sande's exped.; also see above, piracy); treacherously slay Span., 7, 12, 83, 
84, X2x, 122; conspire against, 12, 13, 29, 201, 38, 136, 41, 112; tributary to 
Spain, 7, 122; Span, capture, II, X2X, 29, 35, 41, 278; captives mutiny, 29, 35; 
alliance and friendship with, 76, 34, 25, 297, 39, 190; trade with, 7, 138, 9, 
232, 16, 185, 34, 439; desire trade with, 39, 190; exempt from duties at 



Boys] 



INDEX 133 



Manila, 7, 138, 9, 232 ; cede Paragua to, 39, 190, 191 ; reside in Manila, 37, 82, 

44, 29; miss's slain by, 7, 83, 84, 121, 122, 35, 292, 293; miss's needed by, 36, 63; 

Jca. work among, 44, 13, 79; conversion of, 23, 185. 
See also Is.: Borneo; and Brunei. 
Borneo (Borney) : 1, 328, 4, 172. See Brunei. 
Borongan (Boronga, Borongan, Bordngan, Borongon, vill. in Saraar) : wrongly said 

to be in Leyte, 37t 2x3; location, 35, 1x8, 49, 32; one of best harbors of Phil., 

37t axs; pop., I7» ^07; Acapulco gall, in, j8, 92, 93, 35, xi8; shipwreck at, 37i 

213; Dutch in, 49, 32; Span, subdue, 38, 122; Jes. in, 17, 207, 38, 92, 152, 172, 

36, 56. 
Borongon (valiant Mor. dato): attacks Span., 37, 265, 266; death, 266; datos 

related to, 39, 163. 
Borotalo, Cachil (a Moluccan) : crowned king of Ternate, 24, 332. 
Borromeo, St Charles (Ital. churchman): adopts special devotions, 17, 56; revives 

ecc conferences, 50, 266. 
Borromeo, Card. Federigo: collects MSS., 53, 37. 
Borxa, Cardinal — : official act, ai, 176. 

Boshiu (Boso, Bozo) : Chin, appellation for Awa prov. (Japan; g. v.), 18, 239, 24a 
Bosnia (European country) : syphilis endemic in, 34, 167. 
Bosoboso (vill. in Luzon) : Jes. in, 28, 170, 44, 102 ; sec in, 28, 301. 
Boaog Capt Diego (native [?] officer): his pay, 26, 163. 
Bosque, Juan, S.J.: arrival at Manila, M, 224. 
Bosquet, Joe*, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 299. 

Boston, Mass.: Manila compared to, 1, 42, 43; granite works in, 43, 157. 
Botany. See Plants and trees. 

Botello, Nufio (Nun) Alvarez (Albaros) : aa, 68, 33, 89. See Alvarez Botello. 
Both, Pierre (Dutch admiral) : commands fleet in Caerden's exped., 15, 307. 
Boto (Mor. chief) : rules Basilan, 44, 62. 
Botoan (Botran, Botuan) : 9, 84, 290, 13, 47. See Butuan. 
Botolan (vill. in Zambal Prov.) : status (1878), 28, 305; Rec in, 304, 305. 
Botofio, Jos*, O.S.A.: in Lubao, 38, 2x5; procurator, 37, 238; death, 238. 
Botunes (inhabitants of Butung Is. [conjecture]): hostile to Dutch, 24, 331. 
Boua (vill. in Pangasinan) : Aug. in, 38, 158. 

Bougainville, Louis- Antoine (French explorer) : explores Solomon Is., 15, 103. 
Bourland, Benjamin P. (prof, of Romance languages in Adelbert College) : thanked, 

I, 16. 
Bourne, Prof. Edward Gaylord: thanked, 1, 15. See also Books. 
Bourns, Frank S. (American) : appointed trustee of San Jos* Coll., 45, 139. 
Boursin, Francois, S.J. (Frenchman) : death, 44, 77. 
Bovac (vill. in Marinduque) : Jes. in, 44, 42. 
Bov*, — , S.J.: labors in Sarangani, 43, 200. 
Bover, Juan Bautista, O.S.A.: definitor, 4a, 131, 211. 
Boxes: used in fortification, 4, 32; Jap. enclose letter in, 8, 256; royal seal kept in, 

9, 190, 191; ceremonial carried by Mandarins, 12, 84; sent to king, 34, 296; 

goods shipped in, 39, 301, 302; buyo kept in, 43, 301; gold, 4, 162; silver, 15, 

306; tortoise-shell, 21, 308; brass, 43, 301; in trade, 3, 226, 16, 180, 183, 29, 

$06, 39» 302. 
Boxu (Japan) : Christians persecuted in, 20, 25. 
Boys: Magalhaes's fleet, 1, 272; desert Span, camp, 3, 31; Riquel accompanied by, 

98. See also Pages. 



134 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Brabant 

Brabant (Netherlands) : woolen manufacture in, 48, 263. 

Brabo de Lagunas, Pedro (pilot) : introduces cacao into PhiL, 30, 198. 

Bracamonte, Luis de (Span, master-of-camp) : appointed gov. ad interim of Moluccas, 
*8f *55* IO » &>» X12 » XI 3J n " force, 19, 60; manages reinforcements, izz; ap- 
pointment by, in; fortifies Moluccas, 30, 59; withdraws Span, from Macassar, 
149; salary, 33, 76; member of Misericordia, 47, 27; services, 33, 76, 77; his 
report to Fajardo, cited, JO, 59. 

Bracamonte, Juan de Alvarado: 18, 241, 266. See Alvarado Bracamonte. 

Bracamonte y Guzman, Gaspar de (count of Pefiaranda, president of Council [of 
Indies?]): negotiates treaty of Nimwegen, 37, 197; opposes episcopal visitation 
of regulars, 197. 

Brackenridge, — (scientist on Wilkes exped.): makes list of fruits of Jold, 43, 
156, 157. 

Bradley, Isaac T. (liberarian of Wis. Hist Soc) : thanked, I, 16. 

Br ah sun Maitri, Raia: ruler of Champa, 34, 131. 

Brahmins: castes among, 34, 139, 141, 175. 

Brancardin (Blancardo), Paulo: Span, phonetic rendering tor Caerden, van (q. v.), 

*7, X79- 

Bras, Roque (Port servant) : envoy to Legazpi, 3, 305. 

Brasiers: Jap. use, 9, 36; Fil. use in worship, 16, 132; Mor. use, 43, 261. 

Bravo, Licentiate — (oidor) : remains in Spain, 6, 54. 

Bravo, Alonso Ramirez (member of Manila ecc cabildo) : qualifications and services, 
34, 189; schoolmaster ad interim, 189. 

Bravo, Francisco Nufiez: 43, 31. See Nunez Bravo. 

Bravo, Pedro (Span, adj.) : takes part in exped. to Igorot country, 37, 245. 

Bravo [de Acufia], Garcia: brother of Pedro, and father of Tomas, 16, 284. 

Bravo (Brabo) de Acufia, Luis (Span, officer, brother of following): serves in 
Flanders, 13, 226. 

Bravo (Brabo) db Acuna (Cuniga), Pedro (gov. of Phil.)— 

In general: gov. of Cartagena, 10, 196, 199; fortifies Cartagena, 16, 268; 
negotiations with Monterey, 13, 69; suggested as gov. for Phil., 10, 96, 199; 
appointed gov. of Phil., 11, 10; his appointment pleasing, 228; instructions sent 
to, 10, 209, 11, 16, 17, 225, 263-288, 3x2, 14, 18, 33, 248, 47, 164; embarks for 
Phil., ia, 54, 31, 169; arrives in Phil. (May, 1602), 11, 302, 13, 76, 15, 250, 33, 
223; welcomed, 15, 250, 16, 277; succeeds Tello, 11, z6, 15, 250, 16, 277; takes 
possession of govt., 13, 76; his administration, 15, 22, 250-287, 16, 12-14, 27-69; 
sentences Tello, 11, 314; in Cavite, 3x6; fortifies Manila and other places, 13, 
226, 14, 136, 15, 276, 16, 13, 31, 32, 45, 46, 303, 18, 271; builds, maintains, and 
despatches vessels, 13, 307, 14, 72, 73, 267, 15, 238, 250, 258, 16, 6x, 62, 278, 296, 
297, 31, 269; affairs in southern islands (Mindanao and Visayan Is.), 13, 36, 43, 
X02, 165, x66, 13, 279, 14, X2, 69, 70, 15, 23, 25X, 264-267, 16, 278, 283, 303, 39, 
93; delegates Ribera as his deputy, 15, 265; escapes capture by pirates, 13, 102, 
15, 266, 267, 16, 278; Cambodian embassy sent to (1603), 31, 175, 176; nego- 
tiates with Japanese, 14, 181, 15, 251-258, 16, 13, 29, 48, 49, 278-281; negotia- 
tions with, and aid given to Port (as being Span, subjects), 13, 33-35, 36, 42, 77, 
*5, 23, 270-272, 282-285, 37, 98; negotiations with Chin., and Chin, insurrection 
at Manila (1603), 13, 84, 85, 86, X05, X59, 13, 222, 275, 282, 283, 14, 14, "9» iao, 
124, X29, X3X, X34, X37, 15, 273-275, 16, 31, 32, 42-47, 29X-293, 299, 300, 31, 175, 
176, 34, 444; confers with religious, 13, 231; requests transfer (1604), 232; re- 



Brcrcton] INDEX 135 

ceives reinforcements from N. Espafia, 16, 305; his exped. to Moluccas Is., 13, 
76, 13, 305, 3xa, M, 9, «» »7, 53-*3, ^ X77, 178. **°» 181, 16, 45-47, 49-61, 64, 
218-220, 277, »7*f ***» 285-290, *95, *97, 3°x-3X7, *7, X40, 3x8, 3*9t *9, »3*, *4*, 
31, 129, »30» **9» **» *3X, a 4, 4X, X09, *7, 99, 105, 113, 1x7, 30, 36, 45, 31, X5» 
176, 245-252, 34* 35, 443 ; his triumphal entry into Manila, 16, 60, 3x7, 31, 130, 
268, 269; slandered, 16, 60, 3x6, 3x7; imprisons ruler of Ternate, 64, 27, 1x3; 
requests religious, 34, 41; his miraculous escape, 31, 249, 250; garrisons Ternate, 

35, 306; visits Rec, 31, 269; recommended for exploring exped., 14, 277; com- 
plaints against, 12, 84-87, 13, 25, 307-3x5; complains of various persons, 232, 14, 
9, xo, 12, 29, 30, 32, 72, 74-77; Audiencia enjoins, 13, 226; recommends its sup- 
pression, 231-241; favors Azqueta, 3x4; entertains Benavides, 14, 32; praises 
Rouquillo, 68; official acts by, 13, 30, 32, 53, 54, 132, 146, 14, 64, 67, 120, 16, 
303, 18, 3x1, 33, 26x, 262, 34, X84; appointments by, 13, 226, 307, 309, 14, 72, 
159, 18, 271, 30, 80, 81; introduces cacao into Phil., 47, 220; his summer resi- 
dence, 31, 269, 34, 445 death, *4, 9, Hi X40, 16, X4, 62, 3x6, 19, X99, 31, X30, 
269; poison suspected, 16, 62; his term as gov., 18, 334, 19, 128; sketch, 17, 288; 
his rule disastrous, 19, 198, 199; praised, 11, 304, 13, 124, 137, 14, 18, 32, 16, 
277, 19, 198; fond of military service, 11, 304; hot tempered, 13, 86; prudent, 
133; economizes royal expenses, 14, 193; a brave soldier, 31, 176, 246; pious, 247, 
251; facsimile autograph, 13, 7, 243; succeeded by Vivero, 14, 237, 17, 135, 33, 
38. 

Writings: of official declaration (Oct 2, 1602), 13, 35-37. 

Letters to Felipe III, Oct 26, 1602, 13, 38-45; July 2, 1603, 127-132; July 20, 
1603, 134-136; Dec x8, 1603, 153-167; Dec 23, 1603, 167, 168; July 15, 1604 
(three letters), 13, 21, 22, 221-241; July 19, 1604, 22, 241-245; July x, 1605, 14, 
53-63; July 4, X605, 35-37; July 8, X605, 63-73; July 15, X605, 73-77- 

Various letters, cited, 13, 159, 160, 161, 162, 167, 13, 222, 230, 14, n, 12, 70, 
X73, X75, 178; letter to Chinese viceroy, 13, 106, 14, 44-50, 137, 138, 16, 298-300; 
other letters, cited, 14, 66, 15, 252, 253, 16, 44, 280; proclamation cited, 3x2. 

Letters to, 13, 29, 30, 83, 87-94, 13, 24, *33, 287-29X, 14, 10, 70, 71, X37, 155, 
182-188, 191, 193-196, 15, 283-287, 16, 48, 49, 282, 288, 289, 298; royal decrees 
sent to, 14, 17, 18, 328. 
Bravo (Brabo) de.Acuna, Capt Tomas (Span, officer, nephew of preceding): his 
appointment, 13, 226; aids Port, 15, 285, 286, 16, 284; commands company, 284, 
33, 224; takes part in campaign against Chin, insurgents, 14, 122, 124, 138, 16, 

36, 18, 271, 31, X87; death, 14, 124, 138, 18, 27X. 

Bravo de la Serna, Capt. Francisco (Span, officer): his services, 18, 51, 52; com- 
mands ships, 19, 99, 225, 227, 37, 195. 

Brazil (Brasil, Brasils, Verzin, Verzino, country of S. Amer.) : location, 33, 41 ; 
size, 43, 296; its rivers, 3, 126; products, 196, 51, 141; wealthy, 33, 43; early ex- 
plorers in, 294; Magalhaes coasts, 1, 297, 33, 41-51; J. Serrao in, 313; Noordt 
coasts, 11, 150, 151, 232; J. Fajardo's exped. to, 33, 48; Port claim, 3, 123, 126; 
Span, claim, 126; line of demarcation cuts, 126; Port settlements in, 127, 30, 149, 
33, 294; Port trade with, 48, 287, 288; commerce with Potosi, forbidden, 12, 60; 
no profits from, 18, 163; exchange for Phil., suggested, 19, z8, 237; map, 1, 180. 
See also Indians, Brazilians, and Verzin. 

Brereton, Capt William (Brit officer) : commands ship, 49, 48, 55; lands troops, 84; 
bombards Manila, 90; banquets Anda, 175; restores Ali-Mudin to J0I6, 185; 
writes Silang (May 6, 1763), 160-163. 



136 THE Philippine islands [Bretons 

Bretons (inhabitants of Brittany) : in Magalhiet's fleet, I, 260; discover strait, 9, 308. 

Bribes and bribery. See Offices and officials. 

Bricefio (Briceno) Francisco Gutierrez (Gutierrez) : 139, 241, 279, 43, 280. See 
Gutierrez Bricefio. 

Bricefio (Brisefio, Brizefio), Dr. Juan (Juan M re ), (sec priest, and member of Ma- 
nila ecc cabildo) : his services and posts, 34, 250, 251, 35, 309, 36, 282 ; death, 
»5, 509, 36, 282. 

Bricefio (Briceno, Brisefio, Brizefio), Luis de (Spaa officer): acts as witness, 4, 195, 
197, 214; attends (Council, 206; his encomienda, 8, 121, 123, 124. 

Bridges: Fil. do not build, 30. 162; Fil. forced to work on, 36, 285; religious build, 
I, 59, 13, 247, 38, 235, 252, 257, 293, 320, 30, i2o; Span, soldiers build, 16, 273; 
gov. build, 22, 13, 95, 96, 36, 246; alcalde-mayor builds 302; ordered built and 
repaired, 50, 198; materials made of, 13, 277, 36, 285, 38, 176, 43, 138, 46, 309; 
movable, 36, 246; Chinese and mestizos pay for, 23, 59, 46, 59, 60; Pampangos 
destroy, 35, 264, 265; burned, 38, 176; shops on, 43, 156; plans made for, in 
Phil., 51, 55; over various rivers, 13, 247. *77, **, 9. **» **9» *3, 1*, 59, 35, 
263, 36, 246, 37, »90, 44, 29, 46, 47, 59, 60, 47, 93, 49, "7 J of Spain, 13, 247, 
*9, 305i 37, 290, 44, 29. 

Bringas y Taranco (Span, official) : deputy to Span. Cortes, 51, 291, 292. 

Briones, Capt Juan de (Span, officer): arrival at Manila, 37, 228; in Pansy, 37, 
257. 

Brisefio (Brizefio), de Oseguera (Aseguera, Eseguera, Osegura, Osseguera), Pedro 
(Span, officer) : lives in Cebu, 4, 256; Ribera commissions, 256-261, 286, 287, 291, 
«9«, »99, 300, 301; his reports, 261, 262, 300, 301; as witness, 247, *49» *5*» *53, 
267, 269, 276-278; encomienda assigned to, 34, 307. 

British (English) — 

Characteristics, soc. and icon, lift, etc, : language — used by negroes of U. S., 1, 
19 ; literature must be translated into Filipino languages, 84 ; substituted for Span- 
ish, 45, 242; popular demand for, 248. Characteristics — their character changes 
in Orient, 43, 184; audacious, 34, 397, 398; cruel, and inhuman, 48, 202, 49, 98, 
164, 165, 170, 173, 288; humane, 67, 68, 71, z66, 168, 323, 324, 326, 331; ambitious 
and energetic, 48, 207, 210-212 ; gallant, 49, 67, 68 ; cowardly 293 ; their weapons, 
3, 201; called Lutherans, 7, 164, 9, 17, 244; erroneously used for Dutch (7. «.), 
37, 191 (see also Noordt) ; compared to Turks, 49, 288. Colonization in Amer., 
1, 35; their penal colonies, 53, 31; conquests, contrasted with Spanish, I, 37; 
early explorations on Labrador Coast, 3, 37; early exped. to Indian waters (1588), 
7, 81, 82 (see also Candish) ; pass through straits of Magellan, 16, 65; in various 
East Indian islands and on the Asiatic mainland (mainly for purposes of trade 
and trading-posts), 15, 3", 3*7, 17, *53, i*t 66, 164, 224, 19, 9, 30, 155, 39, 
X97, 33, 332, 34, 174, 35, X53, *©9, 210, 38, 70, 39, 9*. 95, **>, 121, 4», X53 («ee 
also Commerce and trade); capture Pernambuco (1593), 30, 149; capture Bes- 
sein (1780), 18, 205; infest E. seas, 44, 149, 47, 249, 250; pirates, 6, 3x5, 11, 
144, 16, 300, 33, 194, 34, 30, 39*, 34, 392-399, 38, 241, 39, xo, 137, 47, *34, 
235 ; issue letters of marque and reprisal, 47, 231 ; become masters of India, 45, 
52; create social distinction in India, 1, 73; nurse Philippine industries, 53, 1x3; 
import machinery, 344; artillery, value, 39, 136, 137; prodigality of sailors, 39, 
67, 68; religious policy in Malta, 38, 365; consular reports, cited, 53, 145. 

Relations with Span.: hostile to, 6, 183, 7, 35, 9, 17, 244, 11, X44, 13, 41, 16, 
300, 17, 250, 19, 9, 10, 33, 24, 3x9, 30, X22, 34, 39*, 393, 39, 86, 40, 25X, 47, 



British] INDEX 137 

231, 23*, 43, 3«» 48, 139» X45. *93» *99» 2x7; friendly to, and allied with, 13, 
289, 16, 301, 18, 15, 145, 256, *9, 34, 195; sail in Span, vessels, 6, 308, 33, 278; 
Ronquillo de Penalosa fears, 4, 3x4; Span, fear, 49, 289; threaten Spanish su- 
premacy, 6, 226, X5> 116, 16, 240; capture Span, sailor, 7, 52; capture, burn, 
harass, etc, Span, ships, 53, 8, 170, ia, 197, 30, 122, 34, 39*, 39. 86, 47, 236, 
49, 208, 217, 248; fleet scattered, 47, 249, 25a 

Canon hanged by, 1, 53; capture rel., ai, 179; keep rel. from Japan, 3a, 138; 
Jes. friendly to, 49, 134, 50, 275, 276, 283; profane and destroy churches, 4a, 
*77» 49, 48, 155, 173, 2x8, 51, 165; sack Aug. convent, 49, 221; persecute Aug., 
aax, 222; treat rel. places with respect, 325; scorn Span. rel. system, 50, 145, 146; 
use convents as forts, 5a, 55; friars hostile to, 68; among Pintados, 7, 52-54, 8, 
171; infest coasts of Phil., 7, 164, 11, 302; sack Cadiz (1596), 15, 206, 31, 134. 

Trade, Span, defend in Java, 15, 3x7; commercial house in Phil., 17, 300; in 
Spain, ao, 130; with Span, near Macao, 39, 32; in Manila and the Phil., 168, 
38, 268, 47, 238, 267; enriched by Span, trade, 30, 55, 56; trade with Phil., un- 
desirable and forbidden, 35, 16, 209-2x1, 324, 38, 268, 269. 

Colleges in Spain, ai, 84, 87; reside in Manila, 44, 29; forces in Orient not 
feared, 47, 241; desire to gain possession of Phil., 48, 207, 2x0-2x2; how they 
will injure Phil., 231. 

Invasion of Phil. (1762), 16, 137, 46, 288; threaten Manila (ca. % 1750), 
17, 296, 47, 17, 233, 249, 250; frequently visit Manila, 49, 109; number of their 
forces, 15, 17, 8x, 82, 129, 142, 201, 202, 289, 326; forces act in harmony, 53, 54; 
enthusiastic, 89; leave Madras (Aug. x, 1762), 82, 3x2; sighted at Manila, 109, 
xxo; surprise Span., x86, 187; enters Manila Bay (Sept 22, 1762), 201; envoy 
sent to, xxo; Brit sent envoys to Anda, 280; demand surrender of Manila, 115, 
203, 322, 324; demand surrender of fort Santiago, 2x2; demand surrender of is- 
lands, 253; land forces, 83, 84, xxx, 203; destroy and capture suburbs of Manila, 
a8, 199, 49t 84, 338; bombard Manila, 112, 1x5-121, 123, 125, 126, 129-131, 203- 
207; demand slain officer's head, 1x7, 118; assemble for assault of Manila, 97; 
assault and capture of Manila (Oct 5 — Eng. date, Oct 6, 1762), a, 78, 17, 
*97, *6, 3i> *8, 200, 43, 178, 47, 88, 48, X99, 49, «, "5-1*7, '3 1 ' ** x » x *4» x6 °, 
165, 207, 269, 290, 293, 3x0, 312, 319, 326, 333, 50, 32, H5, 51, 3«» 5*, 55; 
take formal possession of, 49, 2x2; demand ransom, 141-143, 2x5, 291, 328, 329; 
desire to save Manila, 324; pillage Manila, 17, 297, 49, 127, 128, 151, 160, 164, 
214, 269, 281, 313, 322, 326, 327; pillage suburbs of Manila, 249; post guards in 
Manila, 328; take Span, prisoners, 1x3; seize Manila palace, 126; refuse Span, 
terms, 127; their rights in Manila, 137, 332; grant freedom of worship, 141; hold 
Phil, in deposit, 141; advance money for govt, 142, 143, 258. 

Proscribe Anda, and offer reward for him, 49, 140, 149, 225, 273, 274, 281, 291, 
299; he negotiates with them, 17, 297; unable to defeat them, 49, 167; distrusts 
them, 169; recognize him, 174, 282; forbids aid to be given to, 244, 297; routed 
by his forces, 291, 293 ; consents to truce with, 300 (see also Anda y Salazar) ; 
angered at Span, and threaten, 49, 142, 215, 216, 260, 273; Cavite surrendered 
to, 151; Rojo secures supplies for, 151, 152; influences them against Anda, 155; 
their tool, 159; yields Phil, to, 176; accused of connivance with, 240; open his 
mail, 253; he praises them, 276; send gift to him, 49, 284, 287; bury him with 
mil. honors, 273, 51, 312 (see also Rojo). Attempt to trade at Acapulco, 49, 
X53; traitors aid, 154, X55, 289, 293; violate agreement, 159, 173, 174, 316; ob- 
serve agreement, 331; treat Span, honorably, 168; commit excesses, 170, 229, 322, 



138 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [British 

British (continued) — 

323; acti of, justifiable, 171; attack Marisanto, 171; tend out foraging exped, 
172; Spaa take oath of allegiance to, 232; sentence Villacorta (g. v.), 252; sol- 
diers escape from, 264, 265; militia opposes, 265; employ spies, 266; insult Span, 
forces, 267; prepare to leave Manila, 172, 174, 175; Span, banquet, 175; restore 
Manila to Span., 50, 9; evacuate Manila (June, 1764), 17, 298, 23, 280, 49, 19, 
21, 175; their losses in Phil, campaign, 18, 23, 58, 86, 88, 92, 94, 99, xoi, 117, 128, 
224, 270, 289, 290, 293, 334; kill Span., 99, 131 (see also Spaniards); introduce 
vices into Manila, 50, 25; make errors in Phil, campaign, 49, 65. 

Threaten PhiL, 50, xx, 12, 69, 51, 27, 28, 122, 165, 53, 89; attack Zamboanga, 
5°t 45» 5*i *7» repulsed from coast of Mindanao, 28; seamen killed in Manila 
riot (1820), 42; Span, ape, 52, 68; Span, aid Amer. against, 97. 

Relations with other European nations: Dutch — with Noordt, II, 150; allied 
with, 15, 309, 3*3i *6» *¥>, 19, 1*4, *<>, 9, xo, 29, 30, 32, 33, 46, 107, 30, 3*» 
42, 47i as*; hostile to, 18, xa, 66, 144, i45t **4i **>> 224, 19, 58, 59, 60, XX7, 
276, 20, 33, 27, X07; Dutch led to undertake voyages by example of, x6, 241; 
poison Dutch, 18, 142; Portuguese — hostile to, 15, 309, 323, ao, 29. French — 
in campaign against PhiL, 49, 62, 228, 272 (Fayette). 

Relations with Malayan peoples and tribes — 

In Philippines — Fil. seize, 11, 155; defeat Fil., 49, 120, 229; hang Fil., xax- 
123, 2x5; issue manifestoes to Fil., 141; endeavor to attract, 50, 145, 146; incite 
and aid insurgents, 161-163, 174, 300, 301, 303; kill Fil., 230; levy supplies on 
them, 230; their machinations in Panay, 253; their bait to natives, 267; raid Pam- 
panga, 292; Mor. friendly to and allied with, 12, 41, 39, 9, 29, 6x, 49, 155, 187, 
*52» 3<>7> SO, 69; Mor. hostile to, 43, 178, 48, 230, 49, 185, 50, xx, 44; incite 
Sulus, 69; in Balambangan, 43, 178, 50, xx, 43, 45; Bonga Is. ceded to, 46, 48; 
Mindanao* refuse to allow settlement of, 48, 230; desire trade with, and its ad- 
vantages (in Mindanao), 39, 48-55; attempt to trade at J0I6, 43, 175, 176; 
possess trading-post at J0I6, 48, 2x0, 23a 

In Moluccas — alliance and friendship in, 6, 59, 11, 125-127, 16, 229, 242, 244, 
276, 17, 3x8, 39, 68; menace those is., 15, 248; seen near, 10, 48; trade in, 15, 
247, 16, 237, 241, 18, 90; fear rivalry in trade, 47, 265. Allied with Javanese, 
15, 328, 19, 29a Malays hostile to, 39, 92. 

Relations with Mongolians — 

Chinese — hostile to Brit, 16, 300; instigate insurrection among (in Phil.), 49, 
19; allied with (in Phil.), 148, 263, 291, 308, 50, 157, 158; trade with, 20, 131, 
*9t 79. 48, 275, 277, 3x0, 326, 51, X50; have Chin, agents, 43, X70. 

Japanese — Jap. friendly to, 18, 220; discuss expulsion of, from Japan, 19, 57; 

reside in Japan, 22, 169, 170; incite Jap. against Span., 29, 80, 81; trade, in 

Japan, 81, 3a, 126. See also Colonies and colonization, Commerce and Trade: 

Trading Companies, England, Great Britain, and India. 

Brito, Antonio (Port, official in Indies) : builds fort at Ternate, 6, 64, 34, 158 ; 

official acts in Indies, 157-159. See also Books. 
Brito, Luis de, O.S.A.: prior of Cebti, 34, 93. 
Brito, Pantaleon de (servant of G. Perez Dasmarinas) : Chinese mutineers slay, 16, 

26a 
Brito, Capt Pedro de (soldier and official) : acts as witness, 4, 269, 273 ; suffers ill- 
ness in Mindanao, 279; his encomienda, 8, xx6, 1x7; sent to Macao, 185, 193, 
270; Port ordered to aid, 194; a regidor, 193, 28, 86; owns stock farms, 14, 157, 
218, 86; founds Jes. house, 86; sketch, 86. 



Bueras] INDEX 139 

Brito (Vrito) Fogaca (Fogassa), Capt Antonio de (Port official) : acts at envoy to 
Acufia, la, 31, 32, 35, 36, 37, 41, 43, 15, 285; tails with Span, troops, 16, 284. 

Brittany (Bretafia, disc in N. France) : Spaniards in, 33, 30, 34; Felipe IPs daugh- 
ter claims, 31; Salic law inoperative in, 31. 

Britto, Philippe de (Port official) : controls dist of Arracan, 15, 321. 

Broach (Barooch) : city in Guzerati, 33, 366. 

Broche: Span, phonetic rendering for Brook (g. v.), 49, 267. 

Broeck, Pierre van den (Dutch officer) : his service in East Indies, 15, 328. 

Brokers: Manila allowed to appoint, 3, 252; in sugar trade, 51, 135, 136. 

Brook (Broche), — (Eng. officer) : Anda proscribes, 49, 166, 267. 

Brooke, Rajah Sir James (Eng. traveler and colonizer) : in Sarawak, 43, 190; Span, 
negotiations with, 52, 213; cited, 4, 191. 

Brotherhood. See Confraternities. 

Brunei (Borneo, Borney, Brunai, Bruni, Pome, capital of N. Borneo) : location, 1, 
3*8* S3» 353 J population and size, I, 330, 4, x6x, 33t 22, 221; island near, 4, z6o; 
fort and arsenal, 167, 168, 201; strong, 221; its mosque, z68, 169, 200, 201, 234 
(burned) ; slaves sold in, 192, 2x7 ; its boat market, 33, 221, 352 ; houses in, 34, 
388; Magalhies's ships at, 33, 2x5-221, 352, 353; hostile Span, exped. to, etc., 4, 
156, 157, xdo, x6x, 167-169, 172, 186-192, 193, 203, 207, 2x4, 34, 3**; rebuilt, 4, 
144, 203; Bornean vessels at, 185, 207; Maraxa de Raxa, Span, agent in, 187; he 
leaves, 199; Chinese anchor at, 195; Soltan Lijar in, 195, 198; Bornean ruler 
buried in, 198; Port in, 187, 20X, 202; slave-traffic at, forbidden, 2x7; Sande 
writes to, 188. See also Bornean*, Islands: Borneo, and the above named chiefs. 

Bruzo, Lizaro (Span, conquistador): encomienda assigned to, 34, 308. 

Baal (vill.): Span, reduce, 9, 83. 

Buanguin: Zambal vill., 5, 103. 

Buaren (vill. in Mindanao, same as Buhayen?): Span, soldiers sent to, 28, 62. 

Buaya (Boaya), Don Tomas (Pangasinan chief): also called "Bisaya," 38, 210; 
meaning of name, 2x0; his conversion, 33, 209; insurrection and penalty (death), 
209, 38, 210. 

Buayabuaya (Jes. mission in Mindanao, sames as Buhayen?): location, 36, 57. 

Bucaygan (vill.) : location, 5, 99. 

Bucayu, Joseph (native chief) : converted, 43, 83, 84. 

Buccaneers. See Pirates. 

Buchayo: a conserve made from cocoanut, 38, 51. 

Bucog (vill.) : submits to Span., 37, 248. 

Budd, Lieut — (Amer. officer): visits San Jos6, 43, 135, 136; as envoy, 147. 

Buddha: statues of, found in Phil., 34, 16, 185. 

Buddhists and Buddhism: in Japan, 19, 51, 24, 232, 3a, 182; in Siam, 34, 170; in 
Phil., 185, 43, 173 ; priests, 31, 280 (see also Bonzes) ; various sects, 34, 232, 3I» 
280; temples, 280; monasteries, 3a, 182; mortuary customs, 34, 170. 

Budiman: ruler of J0I6, 46, 46. 

Buenacosa, Pedro Martir de, O.P.: orders publication of Aduarte's Hutoria, 35, 25. 

Buenavista (Buena Vista, Buena-Vista) 30, 265, 36, 295, 47, 200. See San Juan 
de Buenavista. 

Bueno: 48, 31. See Books: Gonzilez Cabrera Bueno, Joseph. 

Buenos Ayres (Buen Aire, former capital of S. Amer. prov. and vice-royalty, and 
now of Argentine Republic): commercial relations in, 13, 60, 61; trading-ships 
in, M, $2. 

Bueras, Juan (Joan) de, S.J. (provincial): acts as arbitrator, 31, 82; shipwrecked, 



140 the Philippine ISLANDS [Bueras 

Bueras, Juan db (continued) — 
33, 296; advises rice tribute, 25, 88, 47, 1x9; forbidden to preach, 35, 334; 
preaches, 37, 338, 339; in Manila, 331; commissions Miranda, 44, 49; sketch, 
31, 82, 33, 296; writes Chirino's biography, 13, 176; letter by, 35, 13, 87-94, 
322; letters to, 37, 254, 38, 59 (in common with others). 

Bugai (vill. in N. Luzon) : submits to Span., 14, 286. 

Bugao (vill.) : submits to Span., 9, 84. 

Bugarro (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 83, 84. 

Bugason (Bugasson, vill. in Pan ay) : location, 49, 195; population, 48, 1x7, 49, 
195; a chief vill., 5, 71; alcalde sent to, 49, 195; Aug. in, 34, 93, 38, 150, 166, 
48, xi6, 119. 

Bugat (vill. in N. Luzon) : submits to Span., 14, 285. 

Bugau (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 305. 

Bugay (vill. in N. Luzon): Span, opposed at, 14, 283; submits to Span., 290; 
abandoned, 298. 

Bugis (Buguese, a people in Celebes): habitat, 30, 148; language, 4, 99; Bajaus 
considered, 43, 185. 

Buguey (Buguei, Buguey, Buyguey, vill. in Luzon): coupled with Burst, 14, 284; 
opposes Span., 287, 288; inhabitants cause revolt of Palavig, 43, 67; Babuyanes 
inhabit, 53, 354; Dom. in, 38, x6o, 174, 30, 3x7, 31, xo8, 141; churches in, 
30, 3x7, 31, xo8. 

Buhayen (Boayen, Buayen, Bugaien, Bugayen, Buhahayen, Buyaen, Buyahen, 
Buyahen, Buyayen, Buyen, vill. and district in Mindanao) : meaning of name, 37, 
292; location and population, 4, 261, 283, 5, 65, 37, 292; chief settlement of 
Mindanao, 15, 90; Mindanaos inhabit, 40, 103; Lutaos subject to, 124; inhab- 
itants desert, 4, 261, 262, 265; ruler of, loses influence, 40, 108; various Mor. 
and other chiefs in, 4, 259, 261, 268, 271, 272, 10, 72, 41, 298, 299, 307; 
Mindanaos retreat to, 9, 263, 16, 270; vill. and fort near, captured, 10, 54, 55, 
56, 57; Mor. fortified in, 10, 54, 15, 90; inhabitants, hostile to Span., 10, 58; 
residence of ruler, 16, 270; Ternatans attempt to reenforce, 273; Mor. envoy 
returns to, 37, 298; inhabitants hostile to Corral at, 226, 41, 299; join Corralat, 
298; attack Fort Zamboanga, 44, 165; Span, policy in, 10, 67, 68; Spaa hostilities 
against and negotiations concerning, 4, 258, 261, 266, 10, 62, 15, 95-98, 37, 295, 
296, 356, 38, 98, 39, 163, 166, 41, 307; amounts of tributes in, 37, 356; Jes. in, 
38, 97 (martyred), 199, 200, 44, 75- 

Buhi (vill. in Luzon) : Fran, in, 38, 157, x68. 

Buhisan (Buhisan, Buisan, Buizan, Buycan, Buyc.an, Buysan, Mindanao chief, 
brother of Silonga and father of Corralat) : his power and inuflence, 40, 109, 120; 
hostile to Span., 10, 61, 11, 293, 297, 13, 165, 39, 93-95; envoy to Ternate, 16, 
273; Dapitans defeat, 40, 120; aids Adasaolan, 129; Corralat succeeds, 39, 95. 

Buio: 3, 71. See Abuyo. 

Buitrago, Juan de (Span, officer) : beheaded, 15, 112. 

Bujay (Buhay, vill. in Luz6n) : plants of vicinity, 48, 70; miss, in, 77. 

Bukidnon (Bukidnons, Buquidnones, Buquidnons, Buquids, Mountain Visayans; see 
other names in Census of Phil., i, p. 470; pagan branch of Visayan stock): 
meaning of name, 43, 277, 289, 48, 60; people conjectured to be, 40, 123; 
pagans of Misamis, 43, 241; inhabit Luzon and Visayas, 277; Monteses called, 
289; intermarry with Negritos, 33, 348; christianized, 48, 60. 

Bukil (Buquel, Buquit, branch of Mangyan people) : inhabit Mindoro, 33, 223, 40, 
47 ; called bastard Negrito race, 33, 223 ; primitive, 40, 47 ; pagans, 47. 



Bundayan] INDEX 141 

Bala (Bula, encomienda and vill. in Camarines Prov.): status (1591), 8, 1x9 
(1649), 35, 285; shipwreck on coast of, 37, 177, 47, 68; Fran, admin., 38, 154, 
i68» 35, 285, 36, 2x7. 

Bulabuty (vill.) : assigned to royal crown, 3, 305. 

Bulacabi (rill, in Panay) : location, 29, 266. 

Bulacan (Bulacan, Bulacan, Bulakan, prov. in Luzon) — 

In general: its ancient name, 34, 185; location, 11, 90, 19, 279, 23, 193, 28, 
312, 36, 97» 40, 3<«» 49, 226, 227; pop., 28, 130, 47, "8; wt«te in, 199, 201; 
mts. in, 43, 193; richest in Luzon, 34, 185; lands inferior in, 5a, 42; coffee 
plantation attempted in, 51, 130, 131; iron in, 143; brandy allowed to be made 
in, 284. 

Government: its capital, 23, 263; has alcalde-mayor, 5, 87, 7, 33, 11, 90, 270, 
14, 252, 18, 97, 2 2, 236; his salary, 5, 87, 14, 252, 22, 236; notaryship in, 7, 
1x5; elections in, 17, 327, 50, 254, 255; trouble over elections, 208; half-annats 
paid in, 50, 104; Sangleys in, licensed, 2x2; exemptions in, 230; Anda's head- 
quarters in, 49, 224, 230; Manila supplied from, 10, 308, 309; oppose Chinese 
insurgents in, 12, 145, 29, 227, 36, 238, 239; native mil. post in, 12, x6o; 
xepartirnientos of natives in, 36, 240, 37, 28, 2x2; revolts in, 38, 94-98, 48, 28; 
vilL pacified, 28; Chin, mestizos live in, 40, 301; reinforcements sent to Manila 
from, 49, 1x5, 1x9; Anda in, 136, 224, 230, 269; he preserves quiet in, 136; he 
blockades, 224; Brit declare freedom of worship in, 144; Brit raid, 230; Brit 
blockad e , 292, 293; tariff of prices formed in, 262; loyal to Span., 262; treasury 
transferred to, 297; Chin, trade in, 50, 200; Basco visits, 5a, 293; Katipunan 
driven into, 257. 

Religions: in Manila see, 28, xxx, 260, 266; parishes in, 23, 297; curacies in 
(reg. and sec), 267; vicariates in (1850), 268; Aug. in, 8, 103, 28, 130, 165, 36, 
97, 37, 222, 230, 40, 152, X93, 4a, 13*, 46, xoo (schools), 49, 297; Fran, in, 28, 
146, x68, 46, xoo (schools), 47, 147 148 (rel. statistics, 1742). See also following 
caption. 

Bulacan (Bulacan, Bulacan, encomienda and vill. in Bulacan Prov., 7. v.): location, 
23, 242, 243, 263; population, 17, 192, 33, 242, 243; capital of prov., 8, 103; 
status (1591), X03; chiefs of, tried, 7, 96; alcalde-mayor quarrels with rel., 22, 
73, 112; alcalde-mayor resides in, 23, 243; lime exported from, 36, 244; Span, 
rarely spoken in, 46, 337; Anda in, 49, 132, 296; Aug. in, 6, 80, 17, 192 (status, 
x6x2), 23, X91, 214, 242, 243 (status), 275, 24, 32, 67, 74, X09, 132, 174, 25, 
157, 28, X30, 37, 156, 185, 2x4, 222, 4a, X3X, 202. 

Bulagua (vill.): Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bulaia (vill in Matan) : burned, 33, 167. 

Bulalacao (Bulalacao, vill. in Mindoro) : Rec in, 41, x8x, 238. 

Bulay (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 8x. 

Buliano (port on Buliano Is.) : Span, and Chin, meet at, and go to China from, 
6, xxo, xxx, 119, 121-123. 

Bulinao (Bulinau) : 5, 103, 34, 277. See Bolinao. 

Bulino (vill. in Masbate) : Rec admin., 28, 175. 

Bullard, Maj. R. L. (Amer. officer) : builds mil. road, 29, 162, 43, 284. 

Bulney (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 305. 

Bulon (vill. in Mindanao): location, 4, 264; Batala (a chief) in, 264. 

Bulusan (Bulusin, vill. in Albay) : curacy, 28, 154, 164; shipwreck near, 37, 259. 

Buniuan (vill. in Mindanao) : its former name, 43, 196. See also Linao. 

Bundayan (vilL in Mindanao) : its inhabitants brave, 44, 64. 



f B 



142 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Bungal 

Bungal (vill.) : Spin, reduce, 9, 84. 

Bungo (prov. in Japan): location, 17, 132; Span, ship in, 132; Jap. regarded at 

ambassadors of, 24. 230; Aug. in, ia, 137. 
Bungo-no-Kami, Owotomo (baptized Frandscus, Jap. feudal lord): converted to 

Christianity, 31, 173; sketch, 173. 
Bunital (vill. in Panay) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 306. 
Buntuan (chief of Sanguil, a Christian) : requests miss., 36, 196. 
Buquil (Zambal vill.) : natives of, unconquered, 43, 33 ; revolt, 42, 43 ; mortuary 

and other customs in, 47, 3x9, 320; soldiers in, 329; ask for Dom. in place of 

Rec, 41, 258, 43, 34, 37; promise to receive baptism, 37; Dom. sent to, 37; 

resist reduction, 42; continue in idolatries after baptism, 48; miss, destroy their 

worship, 54. 
Buquit: 40, 47. See Bukil. 

Burabuen (Burabuen, miss, in Leyte) : location, a8, 172; Jes. in, 151, 172. 
Burabur (vill. in Samar, modern Burabot?): Jes. in, 36, 56. 
Bur scan (Buracan, vill. in Masbate) : Rec. in, a8, 154, 175, 41, 2x9. 
Buraguen (vill. in Visayas) : Jes. Admin., 17, 203 ; tributes in, 203. 
Burst (vill. in N. Luzon) : coupled with Buguey, 14, 284; makes peace with Span., 

283 ; acts treacherously, 283, 284. 
Burauen (Boraguen, Burauen, Buraven, vill. in Leyte) : location, 38, 91, 276 ; 

sulphur found near, 91 ; sec curacy in, 276. 
Burgos (Spain): mountains of, 21, 82; Dom. convent in, 14, 87; misty from, 34, 

56; seminary in, 51, 3x6; bishop of (see Rodriguez de Fonseca). 
[Burgos, Geronimo de] (commissary of second Fran, miss.): goes to China (1582), 

4, $i*. 
Burgos, Javier de: owns Philippina, 5 a, 3a 
Burgos, Josl (Span.-Fil. sec. priest) ; supports his colleagues, 5a, 126; executed for 

conspiracy, 50, 143, 5a, 126, 169. 
Burguillos, — , O.S.F.: opinion, cited, as, 211. 
Burguillos, Diego, O.P.: arrival in Manila, 43, 31. 

Burguillos, Pedro, O.S.F. (lay-brother): in Jap. miss., as, 211; death, 2x1. 
Buri (Buri, vill. and encomienda): status (1591), 8, 130; assigned in encomienda, 

34, 306. 
Burias (Buri as, Burtas, vill. in Burias) : pop., 28, 154; Rec. in, 154, 175, 41, 219. 
Burmah (country in Asia) : name of its inhabitants, 34, 174. 
Burmese (inhabitants of Burmah) : destroy Siamese capital, 5a, 333. 
Burney: 5, 63, 73, 1x3. See Brunei, and Islands: Borneo. 
Burney (pirate) : punished, 38, 100. 
Burriel, — : Dutch merchant, 14, 1x3. 

Burruan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 
Burugan (vill. in Cebu) : pop., 5, 41. 
Burula: 5, 39. See Capes: BuIalaquL 

Busayen (vill. in Mindanao): location, 4, 250; Mor. chief in, 250. 
Busaygan (vill. in Luzon, modern Busiifigan?) : location, 34, 31a 
Bustamante, — (Span, official, Juan? see post): Vera employs, 6, 72. 
Bustamante, Baltasar (Balthasar) de (Span, officer) : acts as witness, 3, 306, 309, 

4, 209; attends council, 206. 
Bustamante, Gregorio de (nephew of F. M. de Bustillo) : sent to governor for 

sentence, 44, 162. 



Butuan] INDEX 143 

Bustamante, Hernando de (Span, official) : instructions to, 3, 27; letter by, cited, 3a. 

Bustamante, Capt Juan (Jhoan, Joan, Span, official): appointed inspector (1589), 

7, 134; retirement as accountant requested, 13, 228; official acts, 10, 143, 11, 70, 

", 31. 35. 

Bustamente, Fernando de (barber in Magalhaes's fleet) : gives deposition, 1, 266. 

Bustillo Bustamante, — (sarg.-may. in Manila, son of following, q. v.): official acts 
by, 44, 191, 19a; assassinated (with father, Oct 11, 1719), 158, 160, 168; funeral 
public, 159. 

Bustillo (Bustillos) Bustamante (Bustamente) y Rueda, Fernando Manuel de (gov. 
of Fil.) : events of his governorship, 44, 15-17, 148-195, 313; assumes office (Aug. 
9, 1717), 150; prosecutes suit against Torralba, 148, 149; letter of excommunica- 
tion read during his term, 37, 281; sends envoy to Batavia (1717), 4s, 303; 
attempts to open communication with Siam, 44, 15a, 48, 187; treats Siamese 
envoys rudely, 44, 15a; reestablishes garrison in Zamboanga, 36, 222, 44, 15, 
>52 9 47> "7; neglects Zamboanga, 44, 165; abandons fort in Paragua, 162; col- 
lects debts of royal exchequer, 16, 150; defends royal jurisdiction, 189; his con- 
flict with Cuesta, 17, 295, 44, 167, 168, 184-194, 51, 309; usurps authority, 
44, 193, 194; fails to open road through Paniqui, 48, 135; imprisons professors, 
50, 139; conspiracy against, 44, 15, 16, 155-159; death (with son, by assassina- 
tion; Oct ii, 1719), 17, 395, 317, 44, n, i59i 160, 169-171, 18a, 183, a6a, 46, 
*3» 33> 51, 309; sketch, 17, 394, 395; funeral public, 44, 159; death investigated, 
*7» *95i 46, $2; residenda, 44, 17, 17a, 173, 46, $i, $2; charges against, unjust, 
3a; indebted to royal crown, 44, 18; his estate, 17a, 173; property confiscated, 
223; his children sent to Mexico, 159; despotic, 151, 15a, 155, 182, 183, 46, 33; 
harsh and severe, 44, 162, 166, 171; accusations against, 160, 161, 166; cause of 
hatred against, 160, 162 (see also preceding caption). 

Busto, Jose" (Josef), Pedro del (Span, officer): accompanies Arandia, 49, 233; aids 
Fayette, 113; leads sortie, 121; asked to oppose robbers, etc., 223; offered Brit 
post, 223 ; joins and aids Anda, 171, 175, 233 ; opposes Slay, 171 ; sketch, 223. 

Bustos, Pedro de (soldier) : collector of tribute, 3, 309. 

Busuanga (Busuagan, vill. in Busuanga Is.) : location, ai, 308; Mor. seize, 41, 124; 
Rec. in, ai, 308, 316, 38, 175. 

Butanguian (vill. in Luzon) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 308. 

Butas (vill. in Luzon) : location, 3» 156; opposes Span., 156. 

Bute, Earl of: letter to, 49, 67. 

Butiel, Tomas, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 114. 

Butig (dist in Mindanao) : population, 35, 92; inhabitants fierce, 103; join Corral at, 
108 ; hostile to Span., 103, 108, no, 41, 306. 

Butil (Vutil, pass in Mindanao): Ronquillo fortifies, 10, 58; Span, stationed in, 59; 
Galliot sent from, 67 ; soldiers desert at, 73. 

Butler, — (explorer) : explores Solomon Is., 15, 103. 

Butlert, Antonio (a merchant): Norton Nicols seeks his advice, 47, 281. 

Buttons: used as ornaments, aa, 54, 40, 141. 

Butuan (Botran, Botuan, Buttuan, Butuam, Butuan, dist in Mindanao) : origin of 
name, ai, 220; name applied to Mindanao, 33, 123; identified, 328; location, 
16, 105, 27, 259, 33, 328, 41, 152; described, ai, 220; mts. in, 4, 283; river in, 
283; products, a, 147, 3, M3, 4, 283, 16, 105, 49, 38; status (1591), 8, 127; 
tributes collected in, 9, 184; chart, 33, 230, 355. Span, operations in, and regard- 
ing, a, 115, 116, 186, 206, 207, 209, 4, 17, 238, 295, 296, 9, 84, a90, 16, 105, 



144 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Butuan 

Butuan (continued) — 

1 8, xo6, 35, 109-zn; one corregidor sufficient for, 1 1, 270; salary of corregidor, 
14, 25a; its corregidor, sa, 2x8, 2x9; alcalde-mayor in, 36, 103; Mor. invade, 
41, 104, 48, 163; formerly peaceful, 18, 105, 106. Jet. in, 13, xx, 12, 14, 47-49, 
86-89, ai, 220, 302, 28, 343, 44, 60; ceded to Jes., 38, 343; Rec in, ai, 156, 
220-225, 236, 302, *8, 152, 343, 36, 62, X03, X09-XX2, 4i» i7t «5*-«54; death 
of beata in, 36, 109-1x2. (See also the two following captions; and Riven: 
Butuan). 

Butuan (Butuan, Butuan, Butuan, vill. in pror. of same name): location, 4, 283, 
21, 243, 40, 126, 44, 68; source of Joloans and Basilans, 40, 126; Butuans 
originate from, 3x2; a trading port, 3, xx8, 123, 126, x86; Span, seek, 34, 202; 
granted in encomienda, 23, 80, 8x; Span, soldiers flee to, 36, 132; Span, fortify, 
38, 130; Rec in, ai, 238, 28, 175, 36, 130, 149, x86, 38, 129, 130; miracles in, 
41, 256; convent and church moved, 156; Jes. in, 44, 6a (See also preceding 
and following captions; and Rivers: Butuan). 

Butuans (inhabitants of prov. of Butuan, Mindanao, probably of Visayan origin): 
origin, 40, 3x1, 3x2; resemble Caragas, ai, 220; practice polygamy, 221; worship 
devil, 22x, 36, X09; chief makes treaty with Span., 34, 17, 202; revolt, 35, 79, 
36, 136, 40, xx8; loyal to Span., 36, 127, 134, 40, 3x2; abandon Christianity, 
si, 220; converted, adopt Christian standards, 221; free slaves, 221; Rec among, 
35, xx, 78, 79, 80, 36, X09. (See also two preceding captions). 

Buy (vill. in Luzon): status (1591), 8, 119 (1649), 35, 285; Fran, in, 8, 119, 
35, 285. 

Buya (vill. in N. Luz6n) : size, 14, 297; Span, opposed at, 297. 

Buyahen (Buy sen, Buyahen) : 10, 54, 62, 16, 27a See Buhayen. 

Buyan, Capt — (Chin, sea-captain): at Manila, 14, 191. 

Buyca, Alonso de (a friar) : plans to write history of conquest of Phil., 5, 37. 

Buyguey: 14, 293. See Buguey. 

Buyo (buio, substance made from betel leaf, areca nut, and lime) : common in 
Luzon, 15, xxx ; method of preparation, 4, 222, 7, 191, 16, 98, 29, 300, 31, 34, 
33, I3ii 133, 3*9. 43, I54» 48, X07; chewed generally in Malaysia, 4, 222; 
chewed by various peoples in Phil., and other Is., 248, 7, 191, 1 6, 97, 98, 19, 284, 
*7i 348, 39, 300, 30X, 31, 34* 33, «i3» 217, 25X, 34, 57, 43, 301, 47, $02; 
Manzor uses, 34, 57; Span, addicted to use of, 16, 14, 98; its effects, 4, 222, 16, 
98, 26, 300, 31, 34, 43, 154; used on ceremonial and social occasions, 4, 222, 
47, 302; offered in sacrifice, 7, 191, 39, 57, 40, 135, 43, 237; poison given in, 
16, 98, 33, 257; as present, 2x3, 39, 57; sacred vessels profaned with, 41, xxx; 
casket for, described, 43, 152. See also Agriculture; Monopolies; and Plants 
and trees. 

Buyonan (Buydnan, vill. in Negros) : Jes. miss., 28, 151, 171. 

Buytrago, Alonso (Span, soldier) : translates letter into Bornean, 4, 202. 

Buza y Gan (dist in Luzon) : location, 34, 386 ; identified, 386. 

Caagitan (vill. in Luzon) : submits to Span., 37, 248. 

Caamug, Pedro (Visayan chief): app. leader of insurrection, 38, 1x5; raid by, 1x9; 

his reduction and excellent conduct, 128. 
Caan (Can), Antonio: Dutch sea-capt. in Orient, 35, 271. 
Cabacan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 
Cabacite (an encomienda): assigned to crown, 34, 309. 



Cabilin] INDEX 145 

Cabacungan (vilL in Cagayan Prov.) : Dom. in, 38, 159, 30, 306, 307, 33, 147; 

miracle in, 30, 307. 
Cabagsa (Cabacsa, vill. in Pampanga) : Aug. admin., 28, 131, 165. 
Cabals (Samal convert) : Baguisan threatens, 43, 252. 
Cabal, Alf. Juan: hit pay, 36, 183. 
Cabalian (Cabalian, Cabalian, Cavalian, vill. in Leyte) : location, 3, 115; a chief 

settlement, 5, $1; inhabitants unpacified, 28, 90; Span, in, 3, 114, 1x5, 126, 155, 

204, 205, 23, 149, 154; rice obtained from, 3, 147; Mor. burn and sack, 23, 

154, 39, 96, 41, 313; Jes. admin., 38, 90, 151, 172, 39, 96, 36, 55- 
Cabalit, Miguel (soldier) : his pay, 36, 162. 
Caballero, Antonio: acts as witness, 3, 306. 

Caballero, Antonio, O.S.F.: labors in China, 37, 3x1; identified, and sketch, 3x1. 
Caballero, Juan, O.S.A.: candidate for provincial, 4s, 129, 130; sketch, 129. 
Caballero (Cavallero) de Medina, Sebastian (oidor of Medina) : Mex. Creole, 38, 

56; directs funeral rites, 36, 25; takes residencia of Gov. Fajardo, 37, 191; 

accuses reL of charging excessive fees, 296. 
Caballos, Francisco Rodriguez: 36, 159. See Rodriguez Caballos. 
Cabanaza: chief and settlement in Timor, 34, 121. 
Cabanbangan (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 102. 
Cabancalan (Cabangcalan, vill. in Negros): pop. (1878), 38, 322; Jes. in, 151, 171; 

a sec curacy, 320; Rec in, 320, 322. 
Cabanday (Fil. chief) : his power, 30, 193 ; conversion and death, 193-195. 
Cabangan (Cabagan, Cabagan, vill. in Zambales) : location and pop., 38, 305, 41, 

240; Mor. in, 36, 180; inhabitants hostile to Christianity, 43, 57-59, 61, 62; 

Irrayas in, 61, 63; Dom. in, 28, 160, 174, 41, 24, 240, 43, 59; Aug. in, 38, 305. 
Cabarroyan (vill. in Poro) : Mangasin (q, v,) called, 41, 209. 
Cabatangan (Cabatangan, vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, 28, 151, 171. 
Cabatlogan: 38, 92. See Catbalogan. 
Cabatuan (vill.): pop. (1827), 51, 199. 
Cabayan (encomienda) : Legazpi assigns, 34, 306. 
Cabcaben (Cabcaoen, Cabcaben, vill. in Luzon) : Rec in, 38, 142, 174, 36, 174; 

Negritos live near, 174. 
Cabcat (vill. in Cebti) : Aug. admin., 38, x66. 
Cabchela, Andres: 3, 271. See Cauchela. 

Cabejas, Protasio (bishop of Cebti) : cedes Arevalo to Jes., 38, 164, 172. 
Cabelin, Pedro (Dapitan chief, son of Maglenti) : opposes Mor., 40, 1x9; his 

prowess, 1x9. 
Cabello, Juan, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 71; gives information of insurrection, 

38, 98. 
Cabello, Luis Maria (Span, architect) : designs monument, 33, 127. 
Cabero, Jeronimo (Juan) de, O.S.A.: his dignities, 34, 78, 89; sketch, 78. 
Cabicungan (Cabicumga, Cabicunga, Cavicunga, vill.): Span, reduce, 9, 82, 85; 

status (1591), 8, X09; insurrection in, 38, 207; Dom. in, 38, 174, 38, 207. See 

also Cabacungan. 
Cabildo, ecclesiastical. See Ecc. estate: offices. 

Cabildo (municipal corporation) : defined, 3, 173 ; duties, 173 ; recognized by In- 
quisition, 5, 257; relations to Audiencia, 290-292. See also Cebii; Manila; and 

Officials. 
Cabilin, Pedro (native master-of-camp in Span, service) : aids miss., 38, 138. 



146 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cabinti 

Cabinti (yill. in Luzon) : location, 36, 217; Fran, admiiL, 217. 

Cabit (Quavit): 3, 58. See Capes: Ciuit 

Cabitc: 5, 195. See Cavite. 

Cables (submarine) : laid to China and Manila, 53, 119. See also Telegraph. 

Caboan (Caboan, Cabooan, vill. in Laguna) : how formed, 35, 311; location, 281; 

Fran, in, 38, 146, 35, 281. 
Cabogao (vill. in I locos) : Aug. admin., 38, 159. 
Cabolotan (Cabolotan, vill. in Tablas Is.) : Rec admin., 28, 152, 175. 
Cabonto (vill. in Siargao Is.) : Rec. admin., 28, 152. See also Cabuntog. 
Cabosan (vill. in Laguna) : Fran, admin., 28, 168. 
Cabot, John (Italian explorer and navigator, in Eng. service): discovers Canada, 

*, 37. 
Cabot (Caboto), Sebastian, Ital. (capt, pilot, and explorer): at Junta of Badajoz 

(his opinion), 1, 8, 90, 206-210; sent to Moluccas, a, 36, 37; Saavedra sent to 

find, 37-39; his instructions, cited, 33, 314; sketch, a, 37. 
Cabotagan (vill.) : Serrano intends to visit, M, 89. 

Cabral, Francisco, S.J. (Port): provincial in Japon, 34, 385; sketch, 385. 
Cabral, Jos* (Josef, sec. priest, bishop-elect of Nueva Caceres): graduate of San 

Jos* coll., 52, 104; Guerrero commends, 25, 312; leaves legacy to San Jos* coll., 

45, zi8, 119; death, 118. 
Cabral, Jorge (Port official) : orders copy of treaty sent, a, 273. 
Cabral, Pedro Alvares: 33, 294. See Alvares. 
Cabrera, Capt Diego de (alcalde-mayor of Pampanga) : his cowardly defense against 

Dutch, 35, 263-267, 274. 
Cabrera, Francisco, O.P.: sketch, 32, 144, 145. 
Cabrera (not Cabrera), Hernando, O.S.A.: life and labors, 23, 264, 283, *4, i*7» 

160; death, 161; masses said for, z66. 
Cabrera, Juan de (royal notary) : official act, 18, 244. 
Cabrera, Capt Juan de (Span, officer) : arrives at Manila, 37, 277. 
Cabrera, Luis Geronimo de, Conde de Chinchon (viceroy of Peru) : ships built by, 

26, 289; opinions, cited, 14, 216, 238; decree sent to, 30, 69; sketch, 17, 44. 
Cabrera Bueno, Joseph Gonzalez, see Gonzalez Cabrera Bueno. 
Cabrera y Bobadilla, Diego Lopez Pacheco. See Lopez Pacheco. 
Cabuga (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 306. 
Cabugao (vill. in Ilocos) : Span, reduce, 9, 84; Aug. admin., 28, 167. 
Cabuntog (vill. in Siargao Is.): status (1878), 28, 175, 344; Recs. in, 175, 344. 

See also Cabonto. 
Cabu randan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 
Cabutuan (vill. in Panay) : Aug. in, 28, 150, 166. 
Cabuyoa (Cabuya, Cabuyal, Cabuyas, vill. in Laguna): location, 29, 149; assigned 

to crown, 34, 309; in Manila see, 28, 267; Mor. converts in, 29, 149. 
Cacaguayan (Cacabayan, Cacaguayanan, dist in Ilocos): meaning of name, 41, 

206; location and pop. (1582), 5, 109, in, 41, 206; status (1591), 8, 107; Span. 

reduce, 9, 83; miss, work among its inhabitants, 41, 206-209. 
Cacaliaton (vill. in Leyte) : location, 49, 33. 
Cacaren (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 
Caceres (Caceres, Caceres, Caseres, Cazeres) : 16, 147, 166, 17, 209, 18, 94, 95. See 

Nueva Caceres. 
Caceres, Casal de: father of B. de San Joseph, 36, 178. 



Cagayan] INDEX 147 

Caceres, Manuel de (royal notary): his appointment, 4, 19a, 193; official acts, 193, 
195-197, 200, 203, 205, 208, 209, 2x1-2x6, 218. 

Cachata, Francisco: indebted to Dominguez, 36, 114. 

Cachil (Checheli, Cili) : a title, 33, 365. 

Cachit (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom of Manila, 49, 345. 

Cacho, Alejandro, O.S.A.: life and labors, 48, 15, 70, 74, 78, 103. 

Cacho, Manuel (representative in Span. Cortes) : challenges Garcia Camba's creden- 
tials, 51, 294t 395. 

Cacopi (Mindanao chief): his vill., 4, 284. 

Cadaio (Visayan chief, brother of Humabon) : takes oath of allegiance to Spain, 
33, 163. 

Cadamosto (Ca da Mosto), Aloysius (Luigi, explorer and navigator) : his voyage 
(1454-1455), 1, 193. 

Cadem, Nicholas (Dutch sea-captain) : death, 22, 196. 

Cadena, Capt Francisco (Venetian pilot) : his ship saved by miracle, 13, 121. 

Cadereita (Cadereta, Cadereyta), Marques de. See Diaz de Armendariz. 

Cidiz (Cadiz, Spain): seaport, 9, 158, 21, 117, 185, 249, 296, 22, 107, 29, 311, 
31, 194, 36, 141, 41, *oi, 44, 12, 55, 56, 47i ***; '*» holy image, 21, 183; naval 
station at, 50, 185. India House of Trade at, 1, 218, 52, 325; customs-house 
of Indies removed from, 44, 299; extent of its commerce, 45, 51; claims right 
to spice trade, 63, 66, 72, 79; its trade controlled by foreigners, 48, 315-317, 320; 
proposals regarding its commerce, 47, 282; its exports to Phil., 52, 88. Drake 
burns vessels in harbor of (1587), 15, 206; Eng. sack (1596), 206, 31, 134, 226; 
Velasco comes to relief of (1596), 22, 40; Eng. fleet at (1625), 32, 184; Span. 
fleet at, 18, 75; constitution (1812), promulgated in, 51, 33; Span. Cortes meets 
at (18 12), 282; yellow fever in, 285; Cortes flees to (1823), 292; Soc. Econ. at, 
52, 311. 

Cidiz (vill. in Negros) : pop. (1878), 28, 321; Rec at, 321. 

Caerden (Blancardo, q. v. for variants), Paul (Pablo, Dutch sea-captain and official) : 
first exped. (1599-1601), 15, 307; second exped. (1606-1609), 322; Span, capture 
(twice), 322, 323, 325, 17, 57, 1x6, 145, 146, 18, no, 237, 22, 233; ransomed, 
17, 15, 17, 140; death, 277, 278; sketch, 116; memorial by, 146, 18, 107-110. 

Cafres (Caff ares, Caffrees, Caphrae, Caphri, Kafirs; appellation to people in Africa, 
meaning "infidel" or "heathen," and extended by Span, to any heathen people) : 
Port bring to Orient (negroes), 10, 87; seen on Magalhaes's exped. (Malays or 
Negritos), 33, 109, 350; in Manila exped. (1762, negroes?), 49, 81, 326. 

Cafugao (Cagayan chief): opposes Christianity, 30, 311-3x3; conversion, 3x3. 

Cagarei (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 123. 

Cagavian (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Cagayan (Cagaia, Cagaian, Cagaian, Cagallan, Cagayam, C a gay in, Cagayan, 
Gagaian, most N. prov. in Luzon) — 

In general: location, 4, 147, <>, 205, 7* 35> 39i "3, 166, 8, 140, 9, ">x, 304, 
14, 302, 3«o, 324, 15, 57, *6i 73, 18, 93, ico, J3, 234, 28, 288, 34, 3*, 3*3, 3*4* 
409, 35, 317, 36, 193, 194, 37, 88, 40, 3x2; Batan Is. included in prov., 43, 81; 
pop. (at various periods), 1, 40, 7, 38, 8, 115, 9, xoi, 27, 82; status (1591), 8, 
X4X, 242. 

Described — 7, 37-39, 18, 100-ioa, 34, 383, 384; various physical features, 7, 37, 
38, 14, 282, 308, 31, 39, 50, 180 (see also Riv.: Cagayan); size, 34, 383; 
healthful, 7, 38; seasons and climate, 16, 73, 31, 39; products (animal and 



148 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cagayan 

Cacatan (continued) — 

vegetable), 6, 205, 206, 7, 38, 17, 334, 34, 383, 48, 298, 304, 307, 50, 53, 54, 
51, 118 (see also Agriculture; and Tobacco); good and convenient ports in, 6, 
22, 204, 205, 207, 16, 109, 37, 230; a frontier, 10, 49; pathway to Ituy, 35, 318; 
road to Manila opened from, 43, 12, 65; populous, 5, 101, 7, 35, 39, 34, 383; 
encomiendas in, 7, 270, 8, 108-1x5, 9, xoi, 14, 323 ; assigned to hosp. order, 41, 204. 

Native inhabitants — characteristics, 19, 287, 30, 17, 272, 280, 3<» 240, 264, 
265, 268, 32, 104, «3, 37, 240 (see also Apayaos) ; their lang., 31, 38, 240, 264, 
3a, 190, 191, ai2, 36, 194, 37, 138; unpadfied and unsettled, 7, 45, 50, 99; 
live in vill., 32, 273; natives from valley of, taken to Batanes Is», 39, 97; 
Babuyanes islanders removed to, 48, 172-174; natives emigrate from, 50, 58; 
transfer of natives advised, 63; their weapons and use made of them, 31, 268; 
heathens, 227, 267, 32, 41; have ancestor worship, 31, 267; their sacrifices, 33, 
41-44; incited by priestess against Span., 31, 267; hostile to Christianity, 270; 
ask for rel., 32, 272, 273 (see also below, Rel., miss., etc.) ; peaceful, slain by 
insurgents, 15, 102; Chris, vill. raided by heathens, 43, 83, 44, 122; despise 
other heathen people, 32, 239; aid Span, as sold., 36, 192, 279; hostile to Span, 
30, 275, 277 (see also below, revolts, etc.) ; view of native woman pounding 
rice, 35, 49; see also Fil. : Cagayans. 

Earthquakes and other calamities in — 19, zi, 66, 67, 30, 18, 302, 31, 156, 39, 
147, 43, 263; advisable to build warehouses in, 6, 205; hospital in, 18, 113, 47, 
227; pharmacy in, 45, 287; schools in (1892), 46, zoz; agriculture in, 48, 298; 
living cheap in, 38, 259. 

Various Span, exped. in — 1, 33, 5, 235, 7, 15, 10, 208, 14, 281-326, 33, 98, 
34, 384, 385, 409; ordered explored, 4, 25; explored, 14, 9; coasts explored, 38, 
202; Span, settlement in, 4, 147, 5, 26, 7, 35, 9, 60, i5»i 3«9, «, 87, *5, 57t 
16, 146, 34, 383, 36, 193 (see also, Nueva Segovia); few Span, in, 11, 87; 
settlement needed in, 34, 409; Span, exiled to, 35, 35, 39, 143, 276; subjected, 
5, 235; voluntarily submits, 30, 319; forts in, and planned, garrisons, etc, 6, 
183, 7, 123, 164, 9, 74, *43, 10, 46, 47, 18, 100, 39, »43, 50, 57 J abandonment 
advised, 38, 191; war in, unjust, 10 170; artillery sent to Manila from, 35, 254; 
Brit promise to protect, 49, 164. 

Revolts in, their suppression, etc. — 6, 185, 7, 45, 123, 135, z66, 8, 141, 9, 39, 
194, 246, 10, 15, 17, 109, 169, 170, 208, 2x5, 216, 223, 14, 307, 15, 57. 
101, 102, 33, xi, 13, 69, 95, 211, 33, 13, 16, 99, 233, 34, 216, 31, »6, 32, 13, 
34, 31, 384, 409, 33, 47, 37, «*, 3*\ 159, 165, 166, 183, 191, 197, 202, 203, 41, 
59, 81, 4a, 269, 43, 14, 79, 84, 44, «6o, 50, 57, *", 51, 3*', matter of tributes 
in (amounts, etc.), 5, 235, 7, 38, 8, 115, 305, 9, 60, xoz, 10, 202, 18, zoo, 47, 
118; Zambals block way to, 8, 208; Parapangos serve as sold, in, 36, 256. 

Miscellaneous — Jap. pirates in, 6, 183, 7, 164, 165, 9, 40, 243, 244, 15, 57, 
34, 384, 385, 42, 245; Jap. threaten, 9, 39, 10, 171. Chin, trade in, 8, 91, 49, 
145 (fair) ; Chin, needed in, 9, 322. Span, ships seek harbor and refit in, 10, 
217, 15, 164, 165, 182, 35, 176; good anchorage for fleet, 6, 22, 204, 205; ships 
sail to Formosa from, 35, 207; shipwrecks on coast of, 35, z8, 52, 250, 36, 51, 
47, 66. 

Government — its capital, 18, 93, 100, 38, 289 (see also Bigan) ; offices salable 
in, 7, 85; a judicial dist, 8, no; governed by alcalde-mayor, 36, 194; one ale- 
may, sufficient for, II, 90, 269; salary of ale-may., 14, 252; controversy over 
apptmt. of, 324; also serves in mil. capacity, 16, 147, 33, 233; seizes Chin, 
goods, 36, 249 ; excommunicated, 43, 264, 265 ; aids Dom., 43, 60, 61 ; incumbent 



Calabazan] index 149 

In office, 39, 147; appointment as mil. chief, 33, 230; oidors ordered to visit, 
43,306. 

Religions, missions, etc. — no miss's in, 1, 40; priests needed in, 7, 39, 9, 60, 
3*» 37* 3*> churches in, 34, 386 (see also Ecc: Nueva Segovia see); commis- 
saries of Inquisition in, 38, in, 185; commissaries of Inquis. needed in, 36, 105; 
status (1591). *» "5; Aug. in, 8, 45, 33, 296, 34, 3*, 34, 4*5 J Aug. deprived 
of conv. in, 8, 45; Aug. in mts. near, 37, 224; Dom. in, 9, 194, 10, 181, 274, 
17. *9t 93i *", *36, 33, 86, 33, 16, 233, 35, 158, ao8, 217, 38, 174, 232, 30, x8, 
202, 298-321, 31, 10, 11, 14, 16, 26-29, 35-39, 140, 141, 155, 156, 203, 211, 228, 

33, 67, 165, 35, a8, 35, 37, 36, 212, 267, 37, 66, 94, 95, 107, 108, 117, 224, 230, 
39, "a. i4«, 43, n» 12, 56-66, 80-84, 92, 47, 145, 147, **7, 48, 131. *36; Fran, 
in, 38, 169, 41, 94, 47, 147; sec in, 146. See also Filipinos: Cagayans. 

Cagayan (Cagayan, vill. in Cagayan Prov., Luz6n) : location, 16, 249; fort near, 
9, 74; reenforced, 16, 249. 

Cagayan (Cagaiang, Cagaiang, Cagayan, Cagayan, Cagaying, Cagayang, Caguayan, 
vilL and district in N. Mindanao) : origin of name (called Cagayan el Chico 
[i. *., "the little"]), 40, 312; location, 4, 283, 31, 303, 38, 341, 40, 312; pop. 
(1878), 38, 321; status (1878), 344; cinnamon found in, 34, 285; assigned in 
encomienda, 34, 306, 307; landslide in, 35, 227; epidemic in, 41, 156; vocabulary 
compiled in dialect of, 211; mil. expenses of, 14, 266; Mor. hostile to, 35, 10, 
61-63, 94, 97, 36, 175, 41, 104, 123; pillage Lanaos, 35, 97 J Manobos seize, 38, 
xo6; "Padre Capitan" defends, 35, 95-97 (see also, San Augustin, Pedro de) ; 
insurrection in, 36, x88, 38, 94, 118, 41, no; Rec in, 31, 236, 238, 257, 37, 
aa6, 38, 152, 175, 320, 341, 344 (status), 39, 273, 35, 59, 60, 80, 36, 130, 149, 
175, 41, 17, 123, 152, 154-156, 211. See also Islands: Cagayan Sulu. 

Cagayans. See FiL: Cagayans. 

Cagsaua (Cagsaua, vill. in Camarines): status (1649), 35, *86; Fran, in, 38, 157, 
168, 35, 2*6. 

Cagubatan (vill. in Luzon) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Cahapitan (Mor. fisherman): his attempted treachery toward Span., 39, 152-154; 
slain, 154. 

Caibabayan (vill. in Luz6n) : native priestess in, 13, 195 ; Jes. in, 195. 

Caichuan (Cachuan, Chin, sea-captain): appropriates Dutch funds, 17, 128; invests 
money for Span., 128; escapes Dutch, 128, 129. 

Caigoan (vill. in Panay) : shipyards at, 7, 52. 

Caile: 38, 66. See Kaili. 

Cainta (C£inta, Caynta, vill. in Luzon) : location, 3, 158, 160; pop. (1571), 158; 
pop. increases, 39, 138; native fortifications at, 3, 158, 160; fort destroyed, 160; 
makes peace with Legazpi, 158; Chin, insurgents retreat to, 39, 245; Span, pillage, 

34, 276; Jes. in, 38, 87, 170, 39, 137, 138, 44, 105, 106; natives complain of 
Jes., 39, 137, 138; transferred to Aug., 138, 146; restored to Jes., 44, 105, 106; 
sec in, 38, 301. 

Cairo (Cayro, Egypt): a trade center, 16, 224, 37, 89; Port destroy trade of, 16, 

224. 
Cairo, Jose" Lazaro (gov. of Ccbu) : his ezped. to Bohol, 38, 330, 331. 
Cajayagan (port) : location, 53, 354. 
Cajidiocan (Cahidyocan, vill. in Sibuyan Is.): pop. (1878), 38, 318; Rec in, 152, 

317, 3x8. 
Calabaca, Capt: at Tandaya, 3, 203. 
Calabazan (vill. in Leyte) : Spaniards at, 3, 146. 



150 the PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Calabria 

Calabria (Italy) : Bertfaold becomes monk in, 31, 287; Span, official in, M, 33, 52; 
silk produced in, 45, 79. 

Calagan: 33 9 1*3. See Caraga. 

Calaganea (CaUgars, Bagobo tribe, near gulf of Davao): tractable, 43, 279; bap- 
tisms among, 243, 279. 

Calagdan (Calagdan, vill. in Mindanao) : Rec admin., ai, 243, 244, a8, 152, 175. 

Calamba (Kalamba, vill. in Laguna) : built, 39, 209; location, 257; fertile, 209; 
Chin, in, and their insurrection, 201, 205, 208-210, 227, 251, 254; Camacho in, 
42, 46, 51; Rizal's birthplace, 15, 35, 5*, 173; land troubles in (with Dom.), 

173, 175- 
Calamocan (vill.) : settlement in Leyte, 5, 51. 
Calanao (Calanoa, Calauar), Raia (Mindanao chief): variants of name, 33, 349; 

makes peace with Span, fleet, 199; Pigafetta visits his settlement, 199-205. 
Calanasas (Calonasas, heathen mountaineers of Luzon): habitat, 37, 244; inhabit 

mts., 38, 206; language extinct, 37, 244; resemble Igorots, 244; heathen, 242, 38, 

206; cruel and warlike, 37, 242, 244, 38, 206; headhunters, 37, 244; hostile to 

Span., 242, 38, 201, 206; join insurgents, 206-209; flight and punishment, 209; 

christianized and tagalized, 37, 244; Aug. miss, among, 38, 141. 
Calao Amarlenguaguay (Tagtlog chief, son of Amanecalao): appeals to bp. for 

protection, 5, 189-191; conspires against Span., 7, 100, 101, 103; sentenced, 108. 
Calape (vill. in Bohol): status (1878), 28, 332. 
Calapan (Calapan, vill. in Mindoro): pop. (1878), 38, 316; becomes capital, 41, 

238; corregidor of, punished by divine agency, 178, 179; Rec in, 18, 177, 178, 

179. *3*- 
Calasanz (Calasanzio), St Jose" (Joseph) de: founds Piarist Order, 45, 124; his 

anniversary, a holiday, 46, 114; sketch, 1x4, 1x5. 
Calasiao (Calasiao, vill. in Pangasinan): pop., 17, an; chief natives meet Dom. 

provincial in, 32, 194; Dom. in, 17, 211, 28, 159, 174, 30, 2x2, 259, 37, xx8. 
Calataca (encomienda) : assigned to Duran, 34, 306. 
Calatan (vill.) : Mor. commit depredations in, 36, 179. 
Calatman (vill.): pop. (16x2), 17, 206; Jes. in, 206. 
Calatug (vill. in Luzon) : inhabitants hostile to mountain dwellers, 43, 13, 74, 75 ; 

aid against, asked, 74; Dom. in, 92. 
Calauan (Calauan, Calavan, vill. in Laguna): pop., 28, 3x2; Span, killed by 

witch in, 7, 193; a vicariate, 28, 267; ceded to Rec, 343; Rec in, 3x2; Mallatin, 

45, 275- 
Calauas (Malay people in Luzon) : habitat, 31, 204. 
Calavite (Calavit, Calavlte, vill. in Mindoro): location, 38, 24; its conquest, 38, 

3x4; Mor. in, 41, 180; epidemic in, 180; Fran, in, 3x4, 163; Navarette visits, 

38, 24; sec. in, 41, 165; sec displaced, 234; Rec in, 18, 172, x8o, 238. 
Calayan (chief of Saraar) : Legazpi's negotiations with, 2, 169, 17a 
Calaz (Fil. chief) : submits to Span., 9, 82. 
Calbacan (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 308. 
Calbalagan: capital of Samar, 49, 32. 
Calbiga (Calblga, Calbigan, Caluiga, Caluigan, Calviga, vill. in Samar) : location, 

48, 49; pop. (1612), 17, 205; assigned in encomienda, 34, 306; Mor. attack, 

48, 49; Jes. in, *8, 92, 151, 172, 36, 5^ 
Calcutta (Calicud, Calicut, Ktlikot, city and dist in India): location, 1, 193, 194; 

becomes kingdom, 33, 331; subject to king of Narsingha, 34, X39; Santisteban at, 



California] INDEX 151 

I, 194; Port conquer, 33, 139; J. Serrio in, 313; its king, 16, 99; Port viceroy 
fights Malays, 6, 58; Eng. recapture, 49, 7a; syphilis in, 34, 166; a trade center, 
X. 308, 19, 304. *7. 95» 9*» 34, I75» 51, 159- 

Caldeira, — (Port) : envoy to king of Achen, 29, 197, 198. 

Caldera (La, vill. in Mindanao) : its former name, 9, 296 (see Cauite) ; meaning 
of name, 296; location, 296, 10, 221, 11, 126, 136, 266, a8, 94, 43, 139; cape 
near, 39, 284; pop., 36, 60, 43, 143; has good anchorage, 139; sleeping huts 
at, 140, 141; its inhabitants, 141; assigned to crown, 34, 307; bay surveyed, 43, 
143. Ronquillo in, 9, 296, 10, 168; other Span, officials in, 224, 225, 11, 136; 
Span, exped. at, 16, 50, 3x0; Span, garrison proposed for, 10, 66; Span, port and 
garrison at, 169, 208, 215, 221, 223, 224, 11, xo8, 126, 136, 137, 266, 15, 9*> 
97, 99, 100, 190, 16, 272, *6, 285, 43, 139. 140, 14*. 143; abandoned, 11, 126, 
127, 138, 13, 39, 18, xxo; Joloans ordered to pay tribute at, 10, 66; Span, ships 
at, 11, 108, 16, 284, aa, 2x0; Span, ships prevented from entering, 18, 17, 
x86, 187; Dutch ships in, 17, x86, 187, 37, 169; cinnamon bought at, 11, 109; 
Wilkes exped. in, 43, 139-143; rel. needed in, 37, 299; Jes. in, 38, 51, 94 
(tributes), 171, 36, 57, 38, 132, 44, 91; Aug. in, 38, 340; rel. ceremonies intro- 
duced into, 44, 93. 

Calderon, Antonio, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 1x3, 141; miss, and rel. labors, 141, 
142, 256; arrest and exile, 39, 264, 43, 221-223, 280; his enemies punished, 272; 
sketch, 39, 178. 43, 7*- 

Calderon Enriquez, Pedro (lawyer in Span, conn.): his rept examined by coun., 
45, 126. 

Calderon y Serrano, Diego (oidor in Manila) : arrives in Manila, 4s, 135 ; searches 
convent, 223; advises restriction of Chinese, 44, 296, 301, 302; discharges 
some of gov.'s duties, 42, x6x; challenged as judge, 39, 155, 156; declines to 
judge Vargas, 190; censured by Pardo, 2x5, 271; death, 242, 271, 4a, 207, 259; 
characterized and praised, 135, 183, 264. 

Caldiernos (Caldierva, Saldiernos), de Mariaca, Pedro de (factor): signs rept, 14, 
269; attends coun., 18, 241; 242. 

Calelao, Sebastian (native convert) : his piety, 31, 33. 

Calendar (time): dates abbreviated in early doc, a, 34; the "old style," 6, 55; 
Gregorian or "new style," 54, 55; church, 30, 150, 34, 354; difference in reck- 
oning betw. Span, and Port., etc, a, 295, 298, 34, 143, 38, 62, 39, 79; in Phil., 
I, 22, 5, 165, 17, 304, 39, 79, 49, 140, 141; Span, revise Fil., 7, X90; seasons, 
a, xx 9, 7, 190; Chin, reckon time by moon, 4, 53; year computed from trees and 
their leaves, 7, 190; Chin, corrected and reformed, 15, 178, 24, 300, 35, 14, 178; 
at Malacca, 17, 252, 262; at Ladrones, 39, 79; in Oceanic*, time reckoned by 
nights, 43, 306 ; see also Time. 

Caleway, Jean: 15, 304. See Calleway, John. 

Cali (vill.) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 305. 

Calibuganes (Mor. and Subano mestizo tribe) : habitat and religion, 43, 285 ; 
Lutangos Mor. are, 284; peaceful and superstitious, 285; render service to 
Mor., 285. 

California (Californias, Caliphornes, dist. in N. Amer.) : location, 7, 53 ; Span, 
coast, a, 130, 14, 183-186, 16, 204, 205, 209, 39, 51; lower is. near, a, 131; 
Candish ravages, 15, 292; Span, ship captured near, 7, 53, 15, 292, 19, 193 (see 
Ships: "Santa Ana") ; way-station for Phil, ships, 14, 17, 182-188, 47, 240; 
vantage-ground for Eng. explor. and com. in Amer., 48, 207, 2x0-2x2; advantage 



152 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [California 

California (continued) — 

to Eng. of port in, 49, 27; agriculture fostered in, 51, 264; mitt's in, a8, 235; 

coast mapped, 14, 184. 
Calignao, Thomas (Zambal native) : disturbances caused by, 38, 229-233, 239, 41, 

25, 26, 249-253. 
Calilamban (vill.) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Calilaya (vill. and dist in Luzon): location, 7, 40, 18, 97, 19, 279; status, 8, 138, 

139; royal tributes in, 14, 244; garrison in, 12, 160; governed by alcalde-mayor, 

14, 252, 18, 97, 19, 279, M, 228, 229; method of election in, 50, 208, 209; witch 

in, 7, 193 ; Mor. ravage, 15, 165 ; Fran, in, 36, 99. j* 

Caliman (Caliman), Clara (convert of Butuan) : becomes Rec beats, 35, 88; teaches, \- 

36, in. 
Calingas (Kalingas, non-Chris, tribe in Luzon) : habitat, 5 J, 351 ; chief of, revolts, 

50, 57. 
Callao (Callao de Lima), Peru: Mendant's exped. still from (1595), 15, 104, 37, 

227; destroyed by tidal wave, 48, 153; Span, trade with, 19, 11S; trade with 1 

Phil, prohibited, 169; smuggling at, 25, 29; trade with Acapuko, 27, 165, 30, ■' 

68; thrown open to Phil, trade (1815), 1, 66, 51, 386. |: 

Calle, Juan de la, S.J.: labors in Leyte, 36, 55. i [ 

Callejat, Alf. — (collector of tribute) : slain, 38, 97. 1 

Callejo, Luis de (Span, sea-capt) : in battle with pirates, 5, 193. 1 

Calleway (Caleway), John (Jean, Eng. musician) : captured in Phil., 15, 205, 304. »: 

Callexas, Alonso (notary) : official acts, 20, 295-298. 
Calomotan (Calomata, Phil, port) : fort at, 32, 93 ; chart, cited, 52, 354. 
Calonaghapi (Calano Ghapi, Calanoghapi, Calanopagi, Colano Ghappi [native of 

Ternate], son of Abuleis, and grandson of Manzor) : variants of name, 33, 363, 

365; Manzor desires to place, on Ternatan throne, 255; survives father, 259. 
Calonga (vill. in Sanguil, its capital): its govt, 28, zoo, ioz; Jes. in (a Chris. 

vill.), zoo, zoz. 
Caloocan (vill. in Luz6n) : status (1878), 38, 300. 

Caltadano, Licentiate Benito de (member of Span. Council) : official act, 9, 159. 
Calumpan (Calumpan, Calumpang, Rec vill. and estate near Manila): given to 

Rec for convent site, 21, 14, 194, 285, 286; prior of, takes part in election, 257; 

convent and church repaired, 28, 308, 36, 140, 144; convent burned by Chin., 

140; prior of, elected, 144; beaterio in, 45, 314. 
Calumpit (Calompit, Calompite, Calonpite, Calumpite, vill. in Bulacan Prov.): 

location, 33, 213, 264, 25, *75J P°P-> 5, 85, 8, Z03, 17, Z92, 23, 213; deserted, 

213; language spoken in, 213; status (1591), 8, 103; pop. and trib., 23, 213, 214; 

not adapted for cotton, 8, 94; its civil jurisdiction, 102; an alcaldia-may., 18, 

97; officials of, 5, 85» 7, «33, *34I Aug. in, 8, Z03, 17, 192, *3, ai 3» *4, 4*. 74. 

28, 130, 165. 
Caluya (encomienda in Luz6n) : pop. (1582), 5, 82; status (1591), 8, 103. 
Calvayog (vill. in Samar) : Jes. admin., 28, 172. 
Calvinists (prot rel. sect): Jes. convert, 17, 57; among Dutch, 126; Aug. tries to 

convert, 23, 261. See also Lutherans; and Protestants. 
Calvo, Bartolome (Bartolome, S. J., brother) : accompanies Morga on exped. against 

Dutch, 11, 193-195, 13, 117; drowned, 193-195, 13, xx8, 15, 230; sketch, 13, 118. 
Calvo, Jacinto (Jacintho), O.P.: wounded by hostile native, 31, 198, 199; PhiL 

disagrees with, 32, 90; conducts miss's, 90, 160, 277; sketch, 9a 
Calvo, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 32. 



Camarines] INDEX 153 

Calvo, Manuel, O.S.A.: life and labors, 48, zn. 

Cam, Diogo (Port navigator) : his exped., 33, 377. 

Camacho, Jose" (Span, official, cousin of D. Camacho) : acts as tatter's sec'y, 43, in. 

Camacho, Juan (Span, official, cousin of Diego) : blamed for D. Camacho's conduct, 
4», 31. 

Camacho, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 85; life and labors, 146, 38, 169. 

Camacho, Pedro, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 85; attempts to quiet insurrection, 38, 
143, 144; sketch, 143. 

Camacho de el Hello, Juan: acts as witness, 13, 285. 

Camacho y Avila, Diego (abp. of Manila, 1696-1706) : arrives at Manila, 4s, 25, 
65; his treatment of, and connection with rel. (concerning episcopal visit), 36, 
»55-*85, 37, 197, 198, 200, 4 J, 25-1x6, 2x2, 43, 88, 45, 200, 50, X49; complains 
of friars, 146, 149; action regarding ecclesiastical fees, 100, 2x9; his connection 
with seminary of San Felipe (and Card. Tournon), 38, xx8, 44, 143, 144, 45, 
18, x88, 189, 198, 199; completes Manila cathedral, 37, 200-204, 45, 199; incurs 
royal displeasure, 44, 143; land dispute during his term, 50, 155; wishes to 
resign, 4s, 72; removed and transferred to Guadalajara, 44, 14, 143, 144, 45, 
18, X92, X99, 50, X49; official acts, 42, «7**9, 34'3*, 3**4*, 44, 48-5*, **'**> *** 
88, xoo, X09-XXX, 44, 102, X03, 45, "2, 200, 50, 2x7; death (17x2), 44, 144; 
sketch, X44, 51, 308. Member of Misericordia, 47, 28; characterized, 44, 144, 
45, 199, 200; letters and reports of, cited, 28, 311, 37, 158, 4s, 113, 114, 50, 276; 
royal decrees to, cited, 45, 187, 195, 196. 

Camacho y Avila, Diego (relative of preceding ?) : master-of-camp, 38, 191. 

Camacho de la Pefia, Juan (Span, official) : retired from office, 38, 159. 

Camalaniugan (Camalaniogan, vill. and dist in Cagayan Prov.) : location, 30, 301, 
3a, 145; inhabitants, friendly to Span., 30, 3x6; its chief, wealthy, 3x6; women 
in, afraid of rel., 3x7; Dom. in, 301, 302, 3x6, 3x7, 31, 34, 141, 3a, xxo, 145; 
demons driven out in, 34, 141; miracle in, xxo. 

Camalayuga (Camalayugan, Camalayugan, Camaluyuga, encomienda and vill. in 
Cagayan Prov.): location, 16, 109; good port, 109; status, 8, 109, 17, an; 
Span, reduce, 9, 83; natives removed to, 43, 75; Span, settlement near, 16, 147; 
Dom. in, 17, an, 28, 160, 174. 

Camanaguan (royal encomienda): status (1591), 8, 109. 

Camantugan (vill. in Panay) : Aug. visits, 38, 2x7. 

Camara, Andres (Andrea) de la, S.J.: works among Dutch heretics, 17, 57, 58, 
128; sent to Visayas, 58; sketch, 128. 

Camarines (Camarinas), name of former prov. in Luz6n — 

In general: origin of name, 3, 255 ; name under Amer. govt, 255 ; location, 273, 
4, 37, 5, 83, 93, 7, 35, 4©, 9, xoo, X51, 18, 94, 33, 203, 38, 287, 34, **4, 
36, X94, X95, 51, 155- P<>P-, If 4° (i59«), 5, 97 (1582), 7, 4* (1586), 9, 100, 
xox (1594), 18, 95, 30, 235 (1822), 43, 305 (1690); populous, 34, 3W, 36, X95; 
inhab. resemble Visayans, 5, 83, 97; their religion, 5, 99; language most common 
to, 35, 3x3; their industries, 34, 287; obtain gold from Masbate, 5, 53; pacified 
and tractable, 9, 6x, 18, 95 ; as sold., 35, 148, 35, 125 ; loyal, 125 ; Span, scattered 
in, 4, 37; few Span, in, 11, 87, 36, 195; many Span, in, 34, 387; Chin, in, 37, 
82. 

Described — 3, *55, 5, 93"iox, 7, 40-42, 18, 94, 95; extent, 38, 283, 284 (ecc 
prov., see also N. Caceres, See of), 34, 386; rivers, 5, 93, 38, 284; lake, 35, 300; 
volcanoes, 7, 42, 51, 35; bad roads in, 43, 176; climate, 34, 387; beautiful and 
healthful, 7, 41; fauna, 41; products, 3, x*x, 7, 4*1 4*, 8, 289, 18, 94, 95, 38, 291, 



154 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Camarines 

Camarinbs (continued) — 

34, 284, 386, 35, 301, 36, 195, 47, x"» 4*\ 307; gold collected in, 3, 255, 265* 
266; mulberry trees planted in, 50, 48; tobacco monopoly in, 56 (see also Moo- 
op lies) ; manufactures in, 51, 155; prices in, 50, 197, 198; shipbuilding and 
shipyards in, 14, 57. **, «73, *9, »«5, «• «9, 67, 203, 238, 34, I39t *5. 4*, *7, 
195, 29, 96, 35, 3x5; shipwrecked on coast of, 34, 138, 47, 35; ship winters in, 

75. 

Religious statistics, etc. — number of miss, in (1591), I, 40; faith spreads in, 
7, 41; miss, needed in, 41, 34, 387; status (1586), 7, 41; no reL instruction in, 
268, 269, 271 ; its bishop, JO, 66 (see also N. Ciceres, See of) ; Inquis. in, 28, in, 
185; curas in, characterized, 294; host stolen in, 51, 302; Aug. cede to FraiL, 23, 
228, 28, 314; Fran, in, 10, 181, 273, 12, 233, 234, 18, 95, 20, 235, 33, a**, **, 
157, 168, 209, 314, 34, 3*5. 35, **V**7, 3«3» 3*>, 3", 37, »5*, 41, i«4, *3*, 46, 
343, 47, 145, *47; prefer it to Mindoro, 41, 236; sec. in, 47, 146; Jes. in, 12, 
*33» 20, 235; hospital in, 28, 358, 35, 289, 47, 227; funds for seminary in, 45, 
228; schools in, 46, 343, 346. 

Government — becomes province, 3, 255; its capital, 18, 94, 95; enenmiendas 
and encomenderos in, 7, 41, 42, 116, 268, 8, 124, 9, 100, 14, 246, 18, 94, 285, 22, 
*i9, 34, «5, *97; tributes, 3, **S, *73, 7, 4*. 9, ioi, 14, M*> *<>, 235, 47, "»; 
govt, described, 5, 93-97, 18, 95, 96; status (1591), 8, 124; ale-may. in, and his 
duties and sal., 7, 133, 11, 89, 269, 14, 25*, 16, 148, 18, 95, 22, 237, 35, 149, 
37, 250, 45, 228; salable offices in, 7, 85, 114; Gvv. Leon in, 37, 278; official 
visitation of (1702), 42, 304-308, 44, 142, 50, 173; intendency created in, 57. 

Events in history, etc. — Span, conquer and settle, 3, 23, 255, 266, 273, 283, 7, 

35, *5, 54, 16, 147, 148, 17, 285, 33, 202, 40, 116, 117; Span, soldiers sent to, 
4, 82; soldiers needed in, 9, 74; insurrections in, 16, 61, 317, 38, 105, 118, 50, 
212; Mor. attack and raid, 19, 215, 216, 22, 19, 203-206, 27, 350, 29, 96, 34, 
275, 41, 320; Span, settlement declines, 23, 162 (see also N. Caceres) ; Caraballo 
in, 41, 37, 38; villages in, destroyed, 51, 35- 

Ambos Camarines — location and name, 3, 171, 255; part of old province, 34, 
386; size, 386; agric. land in, 386; river, 3, 171; mines, 171; abaci production, 
34, 386. 

Camarines Norte (part of Ambos Camarines) — its drainage, 28, 284; Fran, 
schools in (1892), 46, xoo; Camarines Sur (part of Ambos Camarines), ale- 
may, and duties, 158; jurisdiction (1837), 5 1 , $4, 65; inhab., 21, 240; Jagor's 
travels in, 28, 290-299; convents in, described, 290; seminary and schools in, 
45, »97, 46, 100, 158. 

Camauron (encom.) : granted, 34, 308. 

Camaurri (vill. in Formosa) : Dom. miss, in, 32, 173, 175, 223. 

Camb (Caan?), Antonio: Dutch sea-capt, 35, 237. 

Cambales: 5, 103. See Fil. Zambals. 

Cambay (Cambaia, Cambaie, Cambaya, Conbaya (error), also Kambay, state in 
Guzcrati) : Guzerati inhabit, 34, 139; hostile to Span., 15, 321; products, 4, 222, 
16, 228, 19, 317, 318, 27, 95-97, 33, 337; chiefs more powerful than Joloans and 
Ternatans, 29, 76 ; natives of, in Manila, 44, 29. See also Textiles. 

Cambodians (Cambojans, Canvojans, inhabitants of Camboja [q. v.]) : a strong 
nation, 9, 169; barbarous, 24, 277; fickle, 31, 13, 180, 32, 171; vicious and 
ignorant, 171; skilful archers, 9, 168; their weapons, 168, 31, 95; warlike, 36, 
72; method of warfare, 31, 94, 97; their money, 16, 103; devout heathen, 32, 
168; have many monasteries, 31, 90; their temples, 91; monks licentious, 91; 



Camboja] index 155 

their country, the center of Buddhism, 32, 168; can easily be christianized, 9, 
171, 172, 32, 168 (see also Camboja — miss, and rel. effort in) ; jealous of Chris- 
tiana, 172, 173; revolt, 9, 168, 169 (see also Camboja); patriotic, restore king, 
15, a$, 277, 278; slaves of, desert their masters, 31, 85; trade in Borneo, 4, 131; 
hostile to Siamese, 9, 76, 164, 166, 197, 10, 226; Siamese fear, 9, 168. King of 
Laos aids, 16, 268; friendly to Span., 9, 87, 15, 183, 16, 267, 268; in Manila 
act as ambassadors), 15, 78, 79, 16, 254; invite Span, settlement, 15, 142; peti- 
tion their aid, 16, 255, 31, 76, 77, 79; promise vassalage and conversion, 16, 268; 
Span, aid, 10, 44; mourn death of Dom. miss'y, 31, 180; hostile to, 10, 44, 199, 
31, 95-98; Span, defeat, 15, 84, 85. 
Camboja (Camboa, Cambodia, Camboia, Camboja, Cambojia, Camboxa, Cambosea, 
Cameggia, Camogia, Canboja, Canboxa, Camvoja, Kamboja), country of Indo- 
China — 

In general: identified, 34, 171; its Malay name, 9, 198; a renowned kingdom, 
40, $16; location, 4, 131, 7, 142, 9. aoi, ", ^03, 15, 143, *9, 5*, **, »*5, *3, 
134, 31, 7*i 34, X3»» 35, 39; k«7 to mainland, 10, 237; ancient city in, 15, 87; 
travel route through, 32, 140; subject to China, 6, 226; belongs to French, 9, 
198; described in Itinerant 6, 153; character of country, 31, 8z, 85; map, 33, 
270; various products of, 19, 317, 23, 23, 306, 27, 114, 29, 85; dogs esteemed in, 
9, 77; heathens inhabit, 10, 207 (see also Cambodians) ; language, known to 
Beloso, 9, 161; ancient jars discovered in, 16, 105; shipyards and shipbuilding 
in, 22, 306, 33, 12, 52, 24, 19, *>7, 221, 39, 85, 194, 263, 32, 171, 37, «6, 38, 
42, 42, "8, 44, 97, 47, 69. 

A trade center, 28, 99; Port keep Span, from trading in, 15, 166, 167; Chin. 
trade in, 10, 44, 23, 193, 31, 92; trade with Span, and at Manila, 16, 176, 185, 
186, 20, 50, 99, 39, 49, 306, 36, 205; Dutch factory in, 19, 290, 35, 153! Jap- 
trade with, 22, 100; Port trade with, 38, 44; J0I6 trades with, 43, 180. 

Missionary and religious effort in, etc. — idolatry in, 16, 230; Manila key to 
conversion of, 18, 165; closed to miss's, 6, 195, 196; miss's and Christianity pro- 
tected and favored in, 9, 14, 15, 161, 22, 306, 15, 137, 23, 53 ; friars desire to go 
to, 10, 79; unwise for rel. to advise exped. to, 15, 247; king petitions for rel., 
279, 280, 281, 24, 276, 277, 31, 13, 175; many converts in, 36, 64; priests sent to, 
64; Dom. miss, in, 22, 23, 24, 22, 276, 277, 30, 158, 31, 77, >3«, *33, »49, 150, 
175-180, 32, 14, 87, 168-172, 258, 37, 67; Jes. in, 24, *97, *7, 3*7, 4*, "8, 44, 97- 

Events in history, etc. — embassies to and from, 9, 86, 87, 178, 197, 15, 79, 140, 
141, 144, 17, 287, 19, 194, 23, 5*, 31, 76, in, 175, 176, 35, *6i, 37, *35 (»«* al»o 
Ambassadors and envoys; and Beloso, Diego) ; threatened by Siam, 9, 12; Siamese 
conquer and ravage, 76, 197, 15, 147, 31, 89; Siamese soldiers leave, 9, 167; Siam- 
ese attacked and driven from, 15, 83, 31, 89. King (1522), 34, 131; despoiled of 
kingdom, 31, xo6; prisoner in Siam, 175; succession to throne, 9, 177, 178; peti- 
tions Span, aid, 15, 68, 179, 16, 268, 31, xi; usurping deposed, 15, 148, 149; gov. 
loyal to, 15, 150, 151; flees to Laos, 16, 265, 31, 89, 99; restoration planned, 31, 
99; restored, 15, 136, 137, 31, xz, 105, xxo; rewards Span, adventurers, 15, 137, 
139; friendly to Span., 22, 191, 24, 207; plots against Span., 31, xx, 93; repulses 
Dutch, 35, 183 ; death, 15, 141, 19, 196 ; letters by and to, 9, 3, 12, 21, 76-78, 79, 
86, 87, 197, 327, 328, 15, 136, 137, 31, xxx, 1x2; see also Anacaparan, and Praun- 
car Langara; garrison in, 31, 89; revolts and wars in (mainly civil), 15, 83, 87, 
88, 136, 139, 143, 145- * 56, 188-190, 277, 278, 16, 266, 268, 31, 91-98, 176 (see 
also Span, exped. in) ; hostile to Span., 9, 9 ; Span, send presents to, 12, 76 ; friend- 
ly to Span., 162, 303, 22, 191, 306, 30, 31; Span, feared in, 15, 157; Span, driven 



156 the Philippine islands [Camboja 

Camboja (continued) — 
from, 189, 190; relations with Manila, reopened, 279, 380; bad newt from, 9, 19; 
prov. in, promised to Span., 179; Span, desire garrison in, 201; European adven- 
turers rewarded, 15, 156; Span, opportunity in, lost, 139, 142, 16, 267; Span, 
rights in, 15, 156-158; ship from, at Manila, 29, 142; Span, campaigns in, and 
incidents pertaining thereto, 9, 9, 14, 15, 18, 161-180, 199, 200, 265, 277, 303, 328, 

10, 17, 48, 208, 2x6, 217, 226, 228-235, 14, 81, 15, 19. 7*-*9, 9»t loo, 101, 130, 
131, 136-168, 180-190, 244-247, 16, 264-269, 17, 287, 19, i95» «9*» «• *»*f 3i» 

11, ia, 76-106, 1x9, 150, 151, 175-180, 33, 267; Span, conquest discouraged, 15, 247; 
many Span, in, 20, 99 ; Span, fleet in, 34, 16, 172 ; report on conditions with refer- 
ence to Phil., 10, 226-236; Chinese in, hostile to Europeans, 15, 139, 140; Dutch 
vessels in, 18, 70; Eng. anchor near, 39, 91. See also Cambodians. 

Cambrano (Canbrano, Canbrano), Alvaro de: 10, 191, 257. See Rodriguez Zam- 

brano. 
Cambronero, — (govt, sec'y) : Fil. mourn death of, 40, 249. 
Cambronero, Manuel Maria (Span, jurisconsult) : sketch, 5 J, 52. 
Cambuy (vill. in Luzon) : natives of, slain, 38, 175. 
Camello, Jose", O.S.A. (visitor) : attends chapter of order, 4s, 189. 
Camelo, Juan Rodriguez: 16, 308. See Rodriguez Camelo. 
Cameras, Marcos (Span, ship-capt) : conveys exiled abp., 35, 185. 
Cami (dist. in Japan) : Christians persecuted in, 24, 241, 33, 33. 
Camigui (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec convent in, 31, 245. 
Camiguil (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 113. 
Camiguin (vill. in Phil., in is. of Camiguin, near Mindanao?): insurrection in, 41. 

1x0, i2i; Rec in, 31, 302, 303. 
Camiling (Camillng, vill. in Pangasinan): Dom. admin., 28, 159, 174. 
Caraino, Capt Felipe: takes part in exped., 35, 245. 
Camintanes (tribe or local name for people) : inhabit Luzon, 18, 101. 
Camordn (vill. in Mindoro) : Rec. in, 41, 177, 238. 

Camososo (Camasosa, vill. in Masbate) : Rec admin., 38, 154, 175, 36, 176. 
Campal, Capt Juan: his psy, 36, 163. 
Campan, Maria (native woman, apostate): officiates in mock rel. ceremony, 35, 69; 

restores chrismatories, 77. 
Campeche (Cam peachy, city in Mexico on bay of same name): cloth made at, 37, 

200; Dampier at, 38, 241. 
Campion, Juan Antonio, S.J.: as architect, 28, 201, 203. 
Campo, Antonio del, O.P. (vicar-provincial) : report on exped. against Panoy- 

puyes, 48, 129, 13a 
Campo, Arsenio del, O.S.A.: bp. of N. Caceres, 28, 356. 
Campo Japon (Siam) : location and description, 44, 152; Span, factory in, 152. 
Campo, Juan del: father of Juan del Campo, S.J. (II), 38, xi8. 
Campo, Juan del, S.J. (I, 1563-1596): arrives at Manila, 13, 223; accompanies 

Rodriguez de Figueroa, 9, 293, 12, 25; life and labors, 9, 293, 13, 225, 282, 283, 

284, 318-321; death, 9, 293, 12, 25, 280, 318. 
Campo, Juan del, S.J. (II, 1620-1650) : miss'y and other labors, 39, 92, 44, 53 ; 

slain by natives, 28, 97, 38, 106, 118, 132, 44, 60, 92; sketch, 38, 97, 38, 118; 

his bones buried, 133, 44, 92. 
Campo, Lorenzo, O.P.: sketch, 14, 85. 

Campo, Nicolas de (alguazil-may.) : insurgents kill, 38, 163. 
Campomanes. See Rodriguez Campomanes, Pedro de. 



Canarins] index 157 

Campomanes, — : Span, minister, 50, 25. 

Campomanes, Jose" Hevia, O.P.: 28, 356. See Hevia Campomanes. 

Campos, Alonso (Alonzo) de (sec. priest): expelled from Jes. Order, 33> 260; 
escapes Mor., 260; app. schoolmaster, 24, 189, 25, 307, a6, 282; not fit for that of- 
fice, 34, 189; not allowed to take office, 35, 307; canonry transferred to another, 
36, 282; member of Misericordia, 47, 27. 

Campos, Joam de (soldier) : in Palawan, 33, 35a 

Campos, Juan de: shipmaster, 38, 164. 

Campos, Manuel de (Span, sold.) : his deposition, 36, 78, 79. 

Campos, Martin (Martin) de (Span, sold.): deposition taken from, 36, 85; en- 
comienda assigned to, 34, 307, 310. 

Campos Valdivia, Francisco (ale-may. of Madrid) : commissioned to take residencia 
of Manila oidors, 39, 16, 276; arrives at Manila (1687), 2 7*» 281, 295, 42, 271; 
exhibits commission, 39, 282; his acts as visitor, 17, 276-302, 42, 275-279; over- 
steps commission, 39, 287; enriched by illegal confiscations, 17, 296, 298-300, 
302, 49, 279; completes his investigation speedily, 279; returns to N. Espana, 39, 
300, 42, 285; his baggage, 39, 300-302, 42, 279; app. treas. official, 279; char- 
acterized, 39, **5t 43, *79- 

Campuenas, Pedro, O.P. (acolyte) : arrives in Manila, 43, 91. 

Campuzano, Agustin: silver medal conferred on, 53, 309. 

£amudio (Camudio, Camudio Manrique), Diego de: 6, 230, 13, 242, 15, 281. See 
Zamudio Manrique. 

Camudio (Camuzio), Juan de: 10, 46, 15, 130. See Zamudio. 

Camus y Herrera, Manuel Felix (representative of Phil, in Span. Cortes) : presents 
credentials, 51, 287; his work in Cortes, 289, 290, 291. 

Camutuan (Camatuan, son of Visayan chief) : his treacherous conduct, 23, 150, 153. 

Camuz, Juan de (Span, sold.) : finds Santo Nino, 3, 120. 

Can, Antonio. See Caan. 

Canabaza (vill. or dist in Timur) : chart, 34, 124. 

Canacapoles (Canacopoles, assistants of Jes. in India) : their work, 44, 102, 107. 

Canada: early name, 1, 310, 9, 309; discovered by Cabots, 3, 37. 

Canales, Pedro, O.S.A.: elected diffinitor, 4a, 163. 

Canals: better needed in Phil., 46, 74; planned and built by rel., 30, 122, 51, 125; 
surround Zamboanga, 47, 123 (see Mil.-moats) ; Suez, opening (1869), rod 
effect, 46, 308, 53, ii2, 113, 114, 118, 124, 2x1; Panama, first proposed by Chas. 
V, 48, 334, 335. See also Straits. 

Canaman (Canaman, Canaman, vill. in Luzon) : location, 8, 121; status (1591), 120; 
Fran, admin., 28, 154, 168, 35, 284. 

Canaman (chief in Ticao Is.): leads revolt, 41, 228. 

Canamucon (Canamocan, Canaraucan, vill.): pop. (16x2), 17, 204; its encomen- 
dero, 11, 292; Mor. burn, 25, 154; assigned in encomienda, 34, 308; Jes. in, 
17, 204. 

Canancalan (vill. in Negros) : Jes. in, 36, 56. 

Canangin, Juan (chief of Bauan) : protects friar, 38, 183. 

Cananor (vill. and dist on the Malabar coast, in India) : location, 34, 139; becomes 
kingdom, 33, 331; J. Serrao at battle of, 313; trade at, 27, 95, 96. 

Canara, North: division of Konkon, 42, 138. 

Canarins (Canarin, Canerines, Karnatic, Konkanis, Port appellation of dist and 
people in Malabar): name and extension, 4a, 138; heathen, 138; occupations, 138; 
ordained as priests, 138 ; reside in Manila, 44, 29. 



158 the Philippine islands [Canauan 

Canauan (vill. in Samar) : Jes. in, 13, 161. 

Canbler, Gen. Tomas: 11, 149. See Candish. 

Canco, Francisco: 7, 233. See Zanco. 

Cancona (Malay chief) : operations in Camboja, 15, 88, 153. 

Candaba (Candava, encomienda and vill. in Pampanga) : pop. (158a), 5, 85 (1591), 
8, 102; status (1591), 102, 17, 194, 33, 243; officials in, 5, 85, 8, xoa; vilL in in 
jurisdiction, 10, 204; not adapted for cotton, 8, 94; royal treas. owes inhabitants 
of, 36, 170; land grant opposed by, 47, 200; vicariate, 38, 268; Aug. in, 8, 10s, 
17, 194. *3, i9«> "*, 243, 34, 4*, 74. **, 131, 165, 37, ao8, 219, 223, 3S, 141, *i5- 

Candaya (vill. in Cebu) : pop. 5, 41; status (1591), 8, 130; Span, pillage, 34, 277. 

Candijay (vill. in Bohol) : status (1878), 38, 333. 

Candish (Canbler, Cande, Cavendish, Embleg, Escander, Escandesch, Eschadesch, 
Vimble), Thomas (Tomas, Eng. freebooter): variants of name, 15, 62; called a 
Lutheran, 7, 67; called an infidel, 68; age, 68; his exped., 52-55, 66-68, 81, 82, 
15, 13, 62, 291-299, 16, 65, 34, 30, 39**397, 38, 243; his ships and men, 7, S*-54i 
67, 68, 81, 15, 291, »94, 34, 3941 Pi™, 7, 53, 54; leaves Eng. (1587), 81; cap- 
tures and hangs Span., 52-55, 67; passes through strait of Magellan, 81; pursued 
from Peru, 66; ravages Mexican port, 16, 200; captures, plunders, and burns 
"Santa Ana," 6, 30, 311, 312, 7, «, 53, 66, *7, 68, 75, 86, 245, II, 149, 14, 183, 
15, 292, 16, 101, 17, 286, 19, 193, *7, 175, 176, **9» 34, »9*; "> Java, 7, 81; 
receives Port cordially, 81; in Mindanao and Visayas Is., 52-54; attacks Span, 
shipyard, 27, 189; collects tribute in Phil., 7, 67; threatens Manila, 67, 68; pur- 
suit advised, 68 ; Fil. chiefs plan to aid, 101 ; his letter to bishop of Malaca, cited, 
81 ; Vera sends report concerning, 10. 

Candelaria, la (vill.) : Fran, in, 16, 144, 198. See also Paco. 

Candles (achotes, ciriales, co dales y tapers) : obtained in Phil., 6, 51 ; used in native 
ceremonies, 14, 285, 287, 40, 357; Fil. shall not furnish, free, 42, 306; Joloans 
use, 43, 152; substitute for, among Zambals, 47, 300; used in lanterns, 18, 136; 
used in vessels, 19, 96; used at table, 3a, 303; used in entertainment, 43, 166; 
cause Manila fire, 15, 59; carried by Chin, mutineers, 7a Ecc use — treas. cares 
for, 34, 341; size, 36, 42; used on catafalques and in burials, 15, 59, 16, 33, 42, 
17, 127, 4a, 61-63; as offerings, 17, 55, 44, 93; other ecc uses (in processions, 
etc), 19, 65, 66, 31, 134, 15a, *4, "7, *44, *5, 180, 182, 286, 36, 44, 37, *6, 29, 
30, 142, 36, 30, 32, 47, 327; see also Wax. Candlemakers, Chinese, 7, 34. 
Candlesticks — in churches (some given as gifts), 1, 45, 13, 222, 248, 16, 152, 
30, 232, 37, 107; borne in procession, and other ecc uses, 19, 62, 36, 42, 50, 
266; silver, 30, 232, 36, 42; seized on Dutch ship, II, 164. 

Candola (vill. on Pasig Riv.) : its chief, hostile to Span., 3, 98, 99. 

Candon (Cand6n, Candong, Candong, vill. in I locos) : pop. and status, 5, 107, 109, 
8, 106, 17, 196, 33, 296; monstrance taken from, 14, 168; Zambals sack, 38, 204; 
Aug. in, 17, 196, 33, 296, 34, 140, 38, 159, 167, 37, 185, 224, 43, 297. 

Canela (la, Span, settlement in Mindanao): identified, 9, 281; country near ex- 
plored, 291; site near, convenient for settlement, 291; Ronquillo plans conquest of 
country near, 10, 65; anchorage at, 7a See also Cauit 

Canepo (vill. in Calamianes) : Rec admin., 38, 175. 

Canes: made from rattan, 31, 310, 39, 82, 41, 76; Tello carries, 10, 172; tasseled, 
as badge of office, 17, 331; used as weapon, 41, 76. See also Bamboo (often 
called cane); Rattan; Rushes; and Provisions: sugar. 

Canfield, James H. (librarian of Columbia Univ.) : thanked, 13, 25. 



Canton] index 159 

Canga Rodriguez, Francisco de, O.S.A.: becomes insane, 44, 85. 

Canghingo (vilL in Tandaya) : Span, in, a, 203, 204. 

Cani, Nicolas, S.J.: life and labors, 36, 57, 227, 234, 278, 29a 

Canillo, Fernando (pres. of Coun. of Indies) : memorial addressed to, 18,. 112-115. 

Canipa (vill. in Mindanao) : Mor. inhabit, 43, 202. 

Canipaan (vill. in Mindanao) : location, 4, 284. 

Canipata (vill. in Cebu) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 304. 

Canliron (vilL in Bohol) : idols burnt in, 17, 66. 

Cannibals and cannibalism: to make fierce warriors, 48, 71; in S. Amer. (Brazil 
and other parts), 1, 311, 312, 33, 13, 43, 45, 5», *97, 300, 34, 39, 36, 193; origin 
in Brazil, 33, 43, 45; in N. Amer., 297; in Dominica Is. (by Caribs), 6, 134; 
in N. Spain (by Chichimecos), 36, 193; in Marshall (?) Is., a, 107; in Sumatra 
(by Baraks), 4, 131, 33, 357; in other is. of £. India Archipelago, 34, 105, 107, 
in; in Solomon Is., 15, 103; in China, during famine, 18, 210; in Phil., 33, 
343, 357, 40, 136, 52, 331, 332 (see also Manobos) ; Solis and men eaten by, I, 
3x1, 312, 33, 51; ship narrowly escapes, 30, 129. 

Cano, Afonso (resident of Manila) : acts as witness, 13, 286. 

Cano, Diego (early Port navigator): his voyage (1484), 1, 193. 

Cano, Juan, OJP.: slain, 31, 199. 

Cano (Cano, Elcano), Capt Juan del, (Span, navigator, sometimes called "first cir- 
cumnavigator of globe; officer in Magalhaes's fleet): joins in conspiracy, 1, 262; 
elected Capt of "Victoria," 15, 43, 44, 33, 356; takes that ship safely to Spain, 

15, 43, 44, 33, 348; his deposition, 1, 266; consulted by Transylvanus, 306; at 
Junta of Badajoz, and official acts there, 174, 178, x8o, 185, 199; maps based on 
his voyage, 187; contingent appointment, a, 27; ship lost, 30; death, 34; sketch, 

16, 231, 232; Carlos I, writes, 1, 2x4; cited, 33, 3x0; his name on Legazpi's 
monument, 23, 127. 

Cano, Pedro, S.J.: arrested, 39, 138, 143, 146; sketch, 143; letter, cited, 274. 

Cancan (vill. in Bohol): status (1878), 28, 333; Rec in, 333. 

Canosa Raguses, Juan: shipbuilder, 41, 322, 4a, 156. 

Cinova* del Castillo, Antonio (Span, premier) : appointed minister of colonies, 17, 
307; assassinated, 52, 20a 

Cantero, Francisco, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43, 85. 

Cantero, Joan (Span, official): worthy of reward, 7, 150; appointed ale-may. of 
Calumpit, 134. 

Cantilan (vill. in Mindanao): status (1878), 28, 344; Rec in, 344. 

Canton (Canthan, Canton, Canton, Guantan, Kwang-Chow-Foo, city and prov. 
in China) — 

In general: identified, 3, 41; location, 41, 226, 227, 247; pop. (ca. 1650), 4a, 
150; described, 15, 177; its river, 3, 226; its harbor, 227; city in, 4a, 150; its 
importance, 150; foreigners' gate in, 31, 121; prison in, 129; no. of silk looms in, 
421, 150; opium joints in, 51, 158; Port spoken in, 50, 171. Its viceroy, 12, 157, 
321, 26; garrisons in, 3, 227; ready for conquest, 225. Foreigners excluded from, 
31, 119, 121; passports necessary in, 1x9; Port, not allowed in city, 3, 227, 15, 
163, 170, 31, 125; Port, should enter China by, 6, 207; hostile to Manila, 31, 75; 
Span, envoys in, 5, 251, 15, 167, 31, i*» "91 Span, desire settlement near city, 
8, 183; settlement promised, 184; allowed to enter, 10, 231, 15, 163, 167, 170; 
Span, and Port, in, and near prov., 9, 162, 10, 2x6, 267, 268; ecc. and miss, in 
(Span., French, and Ital.), 6, 133, 208, 7, 2x8, 31, ", 1x9; Brit, ships in, 47, 



160 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Canton 

Canton (continued) — 

*34* 49» «9» Dutch in, 47, 234. Earthquake in, 14, 138; Siamete pay trib. in, 

22, 189; opium destroyed at, 51, 159. 
Commerce and trade relations: Chin, port and trade center, 3, 227, 8, 175, 15, 

17a, 173, 18, 293, 34, 133, 172; annual fain held at, 35, 117, 135; made Span. 

port, 10, 19; Span, desire trade with, 4a, 118; Span, trade it, 10, 9, 37, in, 

4 J, 119; trade with Goa merchants, 18, 201; with Sinn, 22, 189, 215; with Port, 

315, 118, 1x9; foreign trade at, 44, 302, 45, 3*» 39. *74-*79; exports from, 17, 

*37» *9» 3<>7-309» 39. 303; prices in, 19, 314, 315. 
Cantova, Antonio, S.J.: slain by Palaos islanders, 5a, 349. 
Canuguinen, misprint for Camiguinen, a, 205. 

Canutuan (Camutuan, Canatuan, chief in Leyte) : confers with Legazpi, 2, 204, 205. 
Canvales: 6, 183. See Fil. Zambals. 
Canzuca (vill. in Japan): Jes. in, 19, 53. 
Cafieda, Benito: acts as witness, 25, 266. 
Cafiedo (Canedo), Antonio (Span, officer and encomendero) : attends council, 4, 206, 

9, 122; joins in public acts, 7, 301-304, 9, 132, 136; commands ship, 4, 216; his 

encomiendas, 8, 10a, 103; deputy of Misericordia, 47, 26. 
Cafiedo, Licentiate Bartolome (sec. priest in Manila): acts as messenger, 35, 282; 

cross-bearer, 312, 319; sketch and services, 319. 
Cafiete, Lorenzo (encomendero) : his encomienda becomes vacant, 40, 180, 
Cafiete, Marques de: 35, 191. See Hurtado de Mendoza, Andres. 
Cafiete, Pedro Gomez: 47, 175. See Gomez Cafiete. 
Cafiizares (Cafiicares), Antonio, O.P.: conducts miss's, 3a, 90; elected definitor, 162; 

sketch, 163. 
Cafiizares, Diego Chaves: 16, 273. See Chaves Cafiizares. 
Cafiizares, Luis de (Minim) ; appointed to episcopates, 35, 320, 321. 
Caolo (Caolo, vill. in Mindanao) : Rec in, 28, 152, 175. 
Caoy (Tagacaolo native) : enslaved, 43, 242. 
Capa (Capa, vill. in Luzon): many people abandon, 5, 190; stock farm near, 14, 

*57; royal encomienda, 243; chiefs of, appeal to bp., 5, 189; see also 5a, 330 

(erratum). 
Capalonga (Capalangan, Capalongan, vill. in Camarines) : location, 8, 102, 28, 284; 

status (1591)1 8> IO *>* curacy, 28, 153, 154; Fran, convent (status, 1649), 35, 383. 
Capanpanga (dist in Luzon) : densely populated, 3, 157; hostile to Span., 157, 162; 

Span, subdue, 158; Span, captives in, 160. 
Capaques (vill. near Manila): pop. (1582), 5, 87. 
Capas (vill. in Pampanga) : pop. (1878), 28, 313; Rec admin., 313. • 
£apata, Card. — : appointment by, 2 J, 33. 
£apata, Licen. Gomez (member of Span. roy. coun.): official acts, 3, 66, 34, 238, 

246, 248. 
Capita, Marcos: 23, 107. See Zapata de Galvez. 
Capaymisilo: error for Capa and Misilo (q. v.), 52, 33a 
Capechi (Capeche), Antonio, S.J. (Ital.) : sent to Camboja, 29, 38; martyred, 35, 

179- 
Capell, Juan, S.J.: Pastells writes, 43, 268-287. 
Capelo, Juan Martinez. See Martinez Capelo. 
Capes, Points, and Promontories — 

In general: located on Port maps, 1, 181-183, I 9 Z > Magalhaes's memorandum 



Capes] index 161 

concerning, 261; ships seek shelter behind, 3, 75; deified, ia, 266, 29, 284; in 
strait of Magellan, 40, 305; character in Phil., 51, 75. 

Names — 

Aijer Batoe Geggok, location, 34, 162. 

Alisud de Caraga, location, 43, 2x3. 

Anegada, location, 33, 3x1. 

Azufre (Acufre; u e. Sulphur Point), location,* 16, 257; strong headwinds it, 
15, 69. 

Babuyanes, location, 5, 99, xox. 

Bacallaos (Baccalao, Vacallao), location, 9, 308, 309. 

Baia (Baya; L #., Bay), Magalhaes discovers, 33, 71, 31a 

Balagtigui, 11, 175 (see below Baleitigui). 

Balaynadra, location, 38, 288 (see also below, Pata). 

Baleitigui (Balagtigui, Valeitigui), its modern name, 15, 221 (see also below 
Fuego) ; Noordt near, 11, 175, 15, 235; rendezvous for Span, fleet, 222, 225. 

Banus, Mor. rancheria near, 43, 198. 

Baybay, location, 7, 231; Dom. church at, 23 x. 

Benuian, location, 5a, 332. 

Blanco, name and location, a, 13a 

Bojador (Bogiador), location, 1, 138, 181; new discoveries checked by, 136, 137. 

Bojeador (Bogeador, Bojador, Bojeador, Borgador, Boseador, Boxador, Boxea- 
dor), 41, 93 5 location, 16, 73, 233, 18, 93, xoo, M, 183, *8, 288, 30, 273, 34, 
3*3. 387; 35, »33, 40, 3X», 49, *97, *9*; Span, round, 5, 19*, *5, 263, JO, 34, 
M, 213, 31, 200, 20X, 35, 3*5 J«P- anchor near, 30, 273; harbor near, 34, 409. 

Bolinao, location, 10, 230, a8, 288; in bprc of N. Segovia, 158; Dutch 
round, 18, 251; Rec admin, territory near, 28, 142; sentry stationed at, 49, 145; 
see also, below, Piedra. 

Bondog (Boudol), helps form bay, 28, 283. 

Breton, location, 9, 308, 309; early navigators at, 309. 

Buena (Bona, Bonna) Esperanza (Esperanca, Hesperanza, Speransa, Speranza), 
I, 182, 10, 87, 33, 3*7, 34, 39, 394 (»ee below, Good Hope). 

Burula (modern Bululaqui), location, 5, 39. 

Burnincan (Burruncan), location, 41, 158, 235; coast near conquered, a8, 
314, 41, 161, 236. 

Buza y Gan, location, 34, 386. 

Caahuite, location, 3, 168. 

Cabecas (Las), Span, name for Sanbuan (q. v., below), 5, 39. 

Cabcabe, location, 49, 197. 

Caca, location, 16, 257 (see also, below, Cazador). 

Calamita, location, 3, 168. 

Calatan, rel. labor near, 41, 143. 

Calavite (Calabite, Calavlte), location, 35, 246, 41, 158, 235; conquests made 
near, a8, 3x4, 41, 161, 236; shipwreck on, 30, 144; battle near, 35, 246, 247. 

Caldera (La), location, 36, 102, 40, 42 (see also (Caldera). 

California, location, 15, 298. 

Camfto, location, 31, 86. 

Cambodia, Camfio sometimes called, 31, 86. 

Canas (Punta de), location, 37, 3x0. 

Capricorn, negroes near, 51, 84. 



1 62 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Capes 

Capes, Points, and Promontories (continued) — 

Catigara (Cartigara), identified, I, 309, aio; location, soft, 309, 312, 336. 

Cauit (Cauite), cinnamon abounds at, 5, 61; encomienda of, assigned to crown, 
34, 307; tee also below, Cinnamon; and Cauit. 

Cazador, location, 16, 257 (see also above, Caca). 

Chamela, Span, round, 3, 13a 

Cinnamon, rivers near, 5, 61; islands near, 61, 63; see also above, Cauit 

Coavite, Port at, 2, 254. 

Cod, E. Gomes at, 33, 3x2. 

Comorin (Comerin, Comori), location and distances from, 1, 18a, 807, act, 17, 
263; Dampier at, 39, 1x3; territory near, 42, 152. 

Concepdon, location, 28, 3x7. 

Corrientos, location, 16, 205; is. near, 2, 130; Span, pott near, advised, 32, 67; 
Eng. at, 38, »44, 39, "o. 

Culaman, Mor. inhabit, 43, 198. 

Deseado (Dezeado, i. *., Desire), discovery and origin of name, 1, 265, 33, 75. 

Diablo (Punt a del; L #., Devil's Point), origin of name and location, 38, 284; 
Dutch at, 35, 135. 

Dicapinisan, location, 28, 287. 

Dospermitas, line of demarcation cuts, 3, 126. 

Dumah, location, 41, 235 (see also below, Pola). 

Dumali, location, 41, 138. 

Eleven Thousand Virgins (cape of the Virgins, Undid Millia Vergine), dis- 
covery, origin of name, and location, 33, 69, 89, 3x9. 

Engafio (f. #., Deceit), location, 16, 233, 28, 288, 40, 3x3, 41, 96; harbor near, 
34, 409; ship driven to, 36, a6x; mts. near, 37, 239, 43, 66; heathen live near, 

4 it 97. 

Espiritu (Spirito, Spiritu) Santo (Santa, Sancto), discovery, 2, 129, 130; Span, 
name, X29, X30; location, 4, ax, 12, 296, 14, 272, 15, 294, 295, 16, 107, xxo, xxx, 
302, 18, 93, 28, 91; described, 15, 294, 295, 28, 91; first land in Phil, sighted, 
18, 93, 38, 91, 37, »55; i«. near, 5, 53, 55 J vill. near, 12, 299; hurricanes rage 
at, 14, 271, 272; Span, ships at or near, 15, 114, 239, 36, 261, 49, 51, 6x; Dutch 
at or near, 15, 205, 303, 329, 19, 20, 20, 45, 22, 298, 35, "7, "4. 37, i6x; Mor. 
round, 37, 314, 39, 99. 

Estacada fire at, 4a, 260, 261. 

Fermoso, discovery and location, I, 265. 

Finisterre (Fineterre), see below, San Vincent 

Flechas (i. #., Arrow Point), its andent name, 27, 2x7 (see below Panaon) ; 
origin of name, 27, 260, 261, 3x9, 320, 29, 120, 284; renamed, 27, 261, 287, 288, 
320, 29, X2x, 285 (see also below, San Sebastian) ; location, 9, 282, 296, 12, 266, 
27, 2x7; battle at, 215, 2x9, 221, 3x9, 320, 29, 120; Span, at, 27, 261, 41, 3<*; 
stormy, 27, 262; natives worship, 29, 1x9, 120, 284. 

Frio, location, 33, 296; river at, 295. 

Fuego (Fire Promontory), location, 15, 230; Noordt at, aai; (see also above 
Baleitigui). 

Galban, location, 28, 283. 

Gale (Gali, Galli), location, 17, 262; Dutch seize, 35, X2& 

Galera (La), location, 21, 197. 

Ganispola, located on Port maps, 1, 182. 



Capes] INDEX 163 

Gata, location, 9, 309. 

Gaticara, location, 33, 95. 

Gatt, Span, ship destroyed at, 49, 44. 

Good Hope, discovery (1486), 1, 193, 208, 16, 239; effect of discovery, 19, 
29a; location, 1, 182, 34, 141; located on Port map, 1, 181; stormy, 19, 33, 34, 
394; route to Orient, 19, 29, 32, 35, 25, 33, 309, 39, 51; advisability of route 
doubted, jo, 210; duration of voyage by, 53, 118; Port route by, 3, 35, 16, 206, 
224, 33, 327; Port ships sent to, 34, 39; the "Victoria" doubles (May, 1522), 
I, 209, 266, 336, 34, 14, 141, 176; ''Victoria" loses mast at, 143; other Span, 
ships double, 6, 153, 18, 10, 42, 44, 54, 75, 91, 181, 280, 281, 33, 74, 3*, 26% 
270, 43, 240, 51, 288; sailing route from, 6, 207; gov. plans trip by, 30, 2x3; 
Span, route by, urged, 47, 17, 282; Dutch vessels at, and double, 14, 1x7, 15, 
300, 307, 308, 3x0, 16, 30X, 37, 159; Dutch colony at, 39, "*, 4*, »i8, 242, 243, 
47, 234; Eng. double, 15, 63, 298; shipwreck at, 43, 2x6; negroes inhabit region 
about, 10, 87; see also above, Buena Esperanza. 

Gracias a* Dios, the region about, 4, xo6. 

Guardafui (Gardafun, Guardafuui), location, 1, 182, 207; Port route by, 
16, 224. 

Guimbal, location, 34, 277. 

Hilohilo (*. #., Iloilo), location, 16, 50; Acufia embarks at, 50; see also below, 
Yloilo. 

Horn (Hoorn), origin of name, 18, 280; discovery, 48, 211; first rounded 
(x6x6), 1, 29, 18, 280; stormy, 48, 335. 

Jagna, location, 38, 326. 

Limbones, location, 41, 3x8. 

Lognoy, location, 38, 284. 

Maamo, location, 38, 287. 

Malaca (Malacha), location, 34, 129, 141. 

Malinao, included in abprc of Manila, 38, xxx. 

Mendocino (Mendocino), location, 16, 204, 31, 184, 185; coast near explored, 
14, 184, 187; its coast, a part of N. Espafia, 271; sighted by east sailing ships, 
272, 31, 296. 

Montufar, location, 38, 284. 

Naso (Najo, Nasso), its modern name, 37, 255; location, 18, 76, 27, 255, 40, 71 ; 
deified rocks at, 13, 266, 40, 71; trading port, 18, 76; Corcuera at, 37, 255, 256, 
259; amber found near, 41, 296. 

Noon (Naon, Non, Nun), identified, 1, 138; location, 138; discoveries checked 
by, 136. 

Orange, location, 33, 3x1. 

Panaon, ancient name for Punta de Flechas (q. v., ante), 37, 2x7. 

Pata, location, 38, 288 (see also above, Balaynacira). 

Pedregales, location, 38, 287. 

Piedra, modern name for Bolinao Point (q. v., ante), 30, 263. 

Pola, location, 41, 235 (see also above, Dumah). 

Potol, location, 34, 102, 39, 266; Span, fleet near, 34, xoa; Wilkes exped. near, 
43, 134- 

Romania, location, 34, 171; pirates infest, 43, 183, 184. 

Samboanga, location, 40, 309 (see also, Zamboanga). 

Sampanmangio, ship grounds on, 33, 353. 



164 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cape* 

Capes, Points, and Promontories (continued) — 

San Agustin (in Mindanao), location, 1 a, 266, ai, 197, 36, 102, 103, 43, »99, 
275; is. near, 41, 105; mts. near, 43, a8o; navigation about, difficult, 34, 191; 
Ternatana embark at, 10, 61; Ronquillo plans exped. to, 65; included in Sec. 
territory, ai, 303, a8, 342; Rec. labor about, 41, 143; included in Caraga terri- 
tory, 40, 3x1 ; see also below, Santo Agostinho. 

Sanbuan, location, 5, 39 (see also above, Cabezas). 

Sancol de Manurigao, location, 43, 2x3. 

Sanctiago, fortified point in Manila, 9, 73. 

Sangley, location, 49, 202; Dutch near, 35, 256, 262; Eng. near, 49, 202. 

San Ildefonso (Ildephonso), location, 28, 285, 288, 41, 97. 

San (Saint) Lucas, location, 6, 3x1, 16, 205, ai, 185, 47, 240; Candish near, 
6, 311; Span, ships sight, 16, 203; way-station, 47, 240, 241. 

San Miguel, location, 28, 284. 

San Sebastian, origin of name, 27, 261, 320, 39, 285; battle at, 37, 2S7; 
consecrated, 29, iai; (see also above, Flechas). 

Santa Catalina, name and location, a, 130; Span, ship at, 35, 136. 

Santa Cruz, Magalhaes at, I, 318. 

Santa (Saincte, Saint, Sancta, Saynt) Maria (Marie, Mary, Marye, Mary's), 
Span, name, 33, 299; location, 51; supposed route to Pacific by, 51, 299; Magal- 
hies at, 1, 28, 263, 3x1, 33, 299; Port ships sent to, 34, 39. 

Santiago (San Tiago), location, 41, 93; Span, double, 4a, 163. 

Santo (Saint, San) Agostinho (Agustin, Augustine, Augustino, in Brazil), loca- 
tion, 1, 180, 33, 4i. *94J Magalhies sights, 1, 297, 33, 13; J- Serrio at, 3x3; 
located on map, I, 180. 

San (Sainct, Saint, Sanct) Vicente (Vincent), location, 33, 35, 290, 291; 00 
Span, maps, 1, 184; "Victoria" sights, 34, 178; sighted on E. trip, 39, 3x1. 

Scstos, location, 14, 272, 16, 204. 

Siroan, location, 27, 255 (see also above, Naso). 

Siroma, location, a8, 284. 

Sitaravaan, in more densely populated part of Negros, 5, 77. 

Sojoton, location, 40, 305; Negritos inhabit, 305. 

Spiriru (Spirito) Santo (Santa), 14, 27X, 49, 51, 6x (see above, Espiritu Santo). 

Subu, location, 1, 265. 

Sulaban, location, ai, 303. 

Suloguan, Rec labor near, 28, 342. 

Sunga, location, 47, 291. 

Surigao, formerly in Caraga territory, 40, 3x1. 

Tagdbon, Mor. inhabit, 43, 203. 

Taguima, Span, at, 41, 303. 

Talisay, location, 28, 284. 

Tafi6n, location, 4a, 25a 

Tigbi (Tiui, Tivi), location and identification, a8, 283, 284. 

Valeitegui, 15, aai (see above, Baleitigui, and Fuego). 

Verde, location, 1, 207, 33, 37, 93 (see also Islands: Cape Verde). 

Virgines (Virgins), discovery, name, and location, I, 264, 265, 33, 3x9; Loaisa 
at, a, 30; see also above, Eleven Thousand Virgins. 

Undici Millia Vergina, origin of name, 33, 69 (see also item preceding; and 
above, Eleven Thousand Virgins). 



Daptives] INDEX 165 

Ykrflo (L e. t Iloilo), location, 16, 308; Span, fleet at, 308; see alto above. 



Cape Town (Dutch settlement in Africa): pop. (1690), 4a, 243; history and 
description, 242, 243. See also above, Capes: Good Hope. 

Capillas, Francisco dc, O.P.: martyred, 37, 89. 

Capinatan (vilL in Cagayan Prov.) : location, 33, 227; revolt in, 147, 148; Apayaos 
near, 43, 73; Dom. admin., a8, 159, 174, 3a, 147. H*, «»7, 43, 73- 

Capistas: students in Manila, 45, 251, 252. See Education. 

Capiz (Capis, Capiz, prov. in Panay): pop. 33, 164, a8, 346, 347, 49, 375 emigra- 
tion from, to Negros, a8, 322; its extent, ao, 266; its govt (1837), 51, 64, 65; 
ale-may. attacked, 5a, 60; Katipunan in, 258; vill. in, 23, 295; subject to see 
of Cebti, 38, 184, 261, 274; assigned to see of Jaro (1865), 279; erected into a 
see (1902), ia, 20s (see also Ecclesiastical); curacies in, 274, 277; sec in, 274, 

46, 100; Rec in, 28, 346, 347; Aug. in, 46, 100; schools in, 100. 

Capiz (Capis, Capiz, vill. in Capiz Prov.): its capital, a8, 150; port capt created 
for, 51, 50; Aug. in, a8, 150, 166, 38, 216. 

Capolo, Dionisio (Dionizio, Fil. chief, brother of Phelipe Salonga): conspires, 7, 
iocs 101 ; sentenced, 107 ; makes exped. to Tuy, 14, 282, 298-300, 

Capot (Christian Mor.) : betrays Joloan plot, ao, 152. 

Capotius, B. (papal official) : official act, 1, 103. 

Capricorn, Tropic of: Port cross, 1, 308, 317; lands explored beyond, 307; 
Magalhaes sails south of, 312, 321; line of demarcation cuts, 3, 126. 

Captives: Visayan legends rdg., 5, 121-125 (see Macaptan) ; taking of, ends mourn- 
ing, 3, 286 (see also Igorots, and other headhunters) ; made in war, 3, 298 ; 
Span, in Phil., a, 38, 42, 117; Span, make among natives of Phil., 148, 3, 101, 
143, 145, *4*, *©, 7*i "» **4» 41, 304. 305, 314. 44, 13, 7*; Chinese, 3, 3*3; 
Christian, in Borneo, 4, 154; Bornean, 159, 160, 189, 190, 33, 223, 225; Chris- 
tian, in Siam, 9, 166; rel. in Siam, 197, 198, 199; Mor. make, ia, 136, 164, 13, 
147, 15, 193, **5. *66, M. «7, *7, *9», i95> 3*4. *9, 166, 41, 305, 3*3. 43, 
195, 196, 44, i«5, 46, 40, 47, «46, 247, 4«, 5©, 5«, 158, i«3, «65, 167, *30, 49, 
43, 5©» 56, 51, 26, 28 (see also Mor.; and Pirates); Ternatans make, ia, 314, 
315,. 16, 314; Dutch, 15, 233 (see also Biezman; Caerden; and Dutch) ; Mohlccan 
taken by Sarmiento, 16, 239; Chris, in Malay states, 27, 1x4, 115; made by 
Magalhaes's crews, 33, 235, 237 (see also, Borneans; and above, Bornean); 
ransomed, 1, 113, 286, a, 117, 251, 263, 3, H3» *, «*> 9, *7», *5, *66, 44, 7*» 

47, 82, 2x8, 49, 43 (see also Ransom) ; enslaved, a, 132, 184, 241, 3, 286, 4, 
177, 5, 24», 6, 6x, 145, 8, M2, 2x3, 16, 56, X63, 34, 276, 35, H*, 43, 140, 4*, 
82, x6x (see also Slaves) ; freed without ransom, a, 137 ; freed by various com- 
manders and chiefs, 16, 238, 31, 2x8, aa, 1x7, 41, 3x4; rel. free, 43, 74; 
Visayans do not slay surrendered, 5, 151; condemned to galleys, 16, 42 (see 
also Ships); thrown overboard, 278; offered as sacrifice, ai, 206, 51, 26 
(see also Bagobos) ; tortured by Dutch, 3a, 127; given up to Manzor, 33, 265; 
Moro treatment of, 43, 204-206; buried with dead chief, 48, 85 (see also Funerals 
and burials) ; return of Chris, in Jolo, 48, 158, 165-167. Span, teach Fil. how 
to cast artillery, 3, 160; conversion by, 7, 288; demanded from Ternatans, 16, 
3x4; conspire to escape, 3x6; taken to Manila, 3x6; Acufia promises release of, 
3x7; escape of, 33, 247; Mor. learn rite of baptism from, 43, 257; Span, demand 
restoration of, 46, 40; restoration promised, 47, 247. See also the various nations 
and peoples; the several religious orders; and Military. 



1 66 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Capuchins 

Capuchins. See Orders, ReL 

Capul (Capul, vill. in Capul Is. [$. v.]): status (1591), 8, 126; Mor. tack, 41, 
3x3 ; Jes. admin., 38, 151, 17a, 36, 56. 

Capulanbaril (encomienda) : assigned to Riquel, 34, 305. 

Capyam (Quype) : 33, 349- See Quipit 

Caquenga (Fil. priestess) : stirs up revolt among natives, 31, 267-169, 971. 

Caraballo, — (Visayan sec. priest): appointed archdeacon, 39, 391, 29a; compete! 
for canonry, 292. 

Caraballo, Antonio (soldier) : his pay, 26, 174. 

Caraballo, Geronimo (pro visor) : supports Barrientos, 40, 24. 

Caraballo, Juan: 33, 297. See Carvalho, Joao. 

Caraballo, Miguel, O.P.: martyred in Japan, 3a, 142. 

Caraballo, Nicolas de la Vega: 39, 164. See Vega Caraballo. 

Caraballo, Capt Pedro: commands ship, 34, 3x4. 

Carabasal, Alonso de, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 34, 92. 

Carabeo, Fernando (Span, royal official) : attends council of war, 49, 87. 

Carabinieri (ItaL police force) : guardia civil analogous to, 5 J, 252. 

Caracan (vill. in Mindanao) : location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 

Caracena, — (viceroy of Valencia) : issues edict of expulsion of Moriscos, 33, 3a 

Cancl an* (headhunters in Pampanga) : habitat, 48, 60; christianized, 60. 

Caraco (Caracol, encomienda in Panay): status (1591), 8, 136; assigned to Pare j a, 
34, 308. 

Caraga (Calagam, Calagan, Caraga, Caragan, Caragan, Caragas, Caragha, Cara- 
gha, Caragha, Carahaga, Carayas, Carhaga, ancient prov. in Mindanao) : a chief 
division of Mindanao, 21, 197, 37, 239; name applied to Mindanao, 33, 123; 
identified, 328; origin of name, 41, 137; its present name, 43, 194 (see Surigao) ; 
gives name to people, 40, 311 (see Caragas) ; location, 18, 103, 104, 31, 237, 
38, 283, 29, 93, 40, 311; chart, 33, 230, 355; name used in error for Albay (?), 
38, 283. Riv. in, 4, 283; mts. in, 40, 299, 3x4, 41, 138; birds and animals in, 
31, x 97-200, 239; cinnamon in, 33, 357; Norton Nicols plants cinnamon in, 48, 
283; report on silk industry in, 53, 3x7; people living near, 34, 175; surrounded 
by infidels, 36, 175; Manobos in, 40, 299, 3x5; pop. unknown, 41, 138; status 
(1591), 8, 128 (1837), 51, 64, 65. Span, subdue, 16, 1x4; Span, dominion ex- 
tends to, 49, 38 ; Span, sold., garrison, and fort in, 30, 234, 33, 2x8, 224, 240, 23, 
244, 24, X75, 209, 2x0, 36, 309, 35, 95. 41. i«. 44, 6b, 49, *7*J Span, fleet 
in, 31, 164, 43, 134; assigned in encomienda, 8, X28, 31, 298; subject to Cebu 
jurisdiction, 18, 103, 104; its cap., 36, 1x4 (see also Tandag) ; vill. in, 41, X37; 
officials of, 22, 240, 34, 175, 36, 182, 39, 29, 38, 23, 41, 145; insurrections in, 
and their suppression, 21, 163, 32, 224, 33, 92, 34, 20, 209, 2x0, 2x7, 229, 230, 
252, 253, 38, 327, 39, 30, 36, 146, 38, 94. «<*, "8. SO, 212; pirates retire to, 
23, 95; inhabitants raid Phil., 224; coast nearby devastated, 27, 325; "Padre 
Capitan" defends from Mor., 36, 149; Mor. ravage, 49, 338; hospital contribu- 
tions in, 26, 309; no rice tribute in, 47, 118. Subject to Cebu bprc, 28, 149, 184, 
261, 274, 36, 1x4; curacy, 20, 234, 28, 274, 276; outpost of Christianity, 41, 114; 
convents and churches in, demolished, 36, 1x7, 1x9; Rec in, 21, 156, 174, 196-200, 
236, 237, 248, 249, 279, 298-303, 34, 4*, **9, **, *S», 175, 34*, 347, 35, «, 65 
(martyrs), 36, 62, 103, X14-118, 136, 137 (provincial visit), 147, 175, 2x3, 41, 
92, 114, 123-125, X35-X46, 44, 60, 47, H9; M "*. 40, 224, 225, 228. See also 
Caragas. 



Caravajal] index 167 

Caraga (Caraga, Carhaga, vill. in Caraga Prov.): prov. named from, 41, 137; 
its antiquity, 43, 224; its products, 234, 225; poor, 225; deserted by old families, 
22s; Christmas celebrated in, 224, 226, 227; Rec in, 28, 152, 175, 41, 142, 143; 
Jes. in, 43, *24, ***> **7- 

Caracas: (Caragans, Caragans, Caraghans, Caraghas, Caraguefios, Caraghas, peo- 
ple in N. E. Mindanao, probably of Visayan stock, mixed with Manobos and 
other peoples of Mindanao) — 

In general: origin of name, 21, 243, 40, 311; extension of term, 100; oldest 
people in Mindanao, 311; resemble other Mindanao peoples, 21, 220, 232, 40, 
312; formerly terror of Phil., 103, 117; no modern people of that name, 21, 243, 
40, 100; habitat, 29, 93, 36, 267, 40, 100, 3x1; characteristics of language, 21, 
243, 40, 100; spoken by Rec, 21, 243, 36, 138; warlike, 21, 243, 29, 273, 35, 63; 
ferocious, 21, 298; barbarous, 298; valiant and brave, 28, 62, 40, 103, 3x1; 
fierce, 35, 65; gain renown by killing others, 40, 159; dress, weapons, 35, 67, 69, 
7 Z , 73, 75! rancherias, 21, 299; slaves among, 300. Chiefs — guard their dignity, 
299; Span, ill-treat, 24, 176; hate rel., 35, 72; converted, 21, 299-301 (see also 
Caraga; Rec. in). Women, dress, 202; kept as concubines, 300; piety of convert, 

35, 90. 

Religion and beliefs — that of ancestors, 21, 228; deify brave, 298; believe in 
witchcraft, 2x7; heathens, 24, 2x7; advocate human sacrifice to idols, 35, 74; 
their oaths and invocations, 75, 76; sacrifice captives, 40, 136, 137. 

Relation with other native peoples — ravage Phil., 22, 224; allied with Mor., 
24, 177, 29, 93, 158, 161; Joloans fear, 28, 62; Manooc defeats, 40, 117; allied 
with Tagabalooyes, 41, 138, X39. 

Relations vrith Span. — hostile to, 17, 230, 21, 2x4, 2x5, 24, X76, X77; flee 
from, 29, 161; revolt of, feared, 36, 118; revolt, 21, 14, 2x4, 2x3, 242, 24, 17, 
x 76- 1 78, 2x6, 2x7, 29, 158, 35, xo, xx, 65-81, 89, 90, 91, 36, 1x9; Span, subdue, 
21, 14, 29, 161, 1 6a, 35, 81, 90, 91; friendly to Span., 21, 300; aid Span., 29, 
274, 275, 35, 62, 96, 98, 109, 38, X22; in J0I6 campaign, 36, 147; regiment of, 
guards Cavite, 243; Span, make forays on, 24, 176; alcalde-mayor oppresses, 

36, 116; Rec. work among, 21, 14, 36, 186, 267, 40, 140, 141 (see also Caraga; 
Rec in); hostile to, and kill rel., 21, 2x9, 220, 301, 24, 2x7, 252, 253, 29, 158; 
love rel., 21, 242; conversion and baptism among, 2x7-220, 24, 178, 40, 3x1, 
3x2; observe Christian marriage, 21, 2x8, 300; apostacy of servant, 41, 123. 
See also Caraga. 

Caralanga (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, xxx. 

Caramoan (Caramoan, Caramuan, vill. in Camarines Sur) : curacy, 28, 153, 164; 

assessment in, for church ornaments, 42, 308. 
Caramucua (vill. in Leyte) : Span, at, 2, 146. 
Caranga (vill. and encomienda) : assigned to Monroy, 34, 305.. 
Caranganor (city in Cochinchina) : Jes. in, 17, 264. 
Caraglan (Caranglan, vill. in Pampanga, Italon vill.): pop., 48, 67; insurrection 

in, 38, 97; Aug. in, 48, 63-67, 78. 
Cararao (vill. and encomienda) : assigned to La Haya, 34, 305. 
Carate, Juan Gonzalez de. See Gonzalez Carate. 
Carate, Diego de (Span, official): services and merits, 7, 151. 
Caratzu (Jap. tono) : persecutes Christians, 32, 37. 
Caravajal (Carabajal), Alonso, O.S.A.: 28, 25, 40. See Carbajal. 
Caravajal, Bartholome (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, 112, 1x3. 



168 THE PHILIPPINE islands [Caravajal 

Caravajal, Diego de (Span, encomendero) : hii encomienda, 8, xa8. 

Caravajal, Fernando de (clerk of dry cabildo) : official act by, 45, 147. 

Caravajal Campo Frio, Franciaco (ale-may. of Balayan) : letter to Felipe IV (Aug. 
a, 1625), cited, 22, 160, 161. 

Caravallo, Capt — : merits reward, 7, 15a 

Caravallo, Bartholome (tec priest) : his appointment, 28, 122. 

Caravallo, Fernan: his deposition, 10, 243, 244. 

Caravallo, Jeronimo Fernandez. See Fernandez Caravallo. 

Caravallo, Nicolas de la Vega. See Vega Caraballo. 

Caravanga (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, iax. 

Caraza, Capt Miguel de: founds obra pia t 47, 214. 

Carbajal (Carabajal, Caravajal, Carvajal), Alonso, O.S.A. (provincial): good in- 
terpreter, 8, 44; life and labors, 34, 133, 25, 157, 218, 219, 26, too, 29, 2*4, 
35, 268, 37, i3> '56, 164, 185, 38, 98; joins in Aug. protest, 28, 21-40* 

Carbajal, Pedro Goncalez de. See Goncalez de Carbajal. 

Carbajal y Lancaster, Joseph de (pres. of Council of Indies) : Manila oidors write, 
47. 230-242. 

Carballo, Capt — (commander of patache) : in Macasar, 29, 197; reports Dutch vic- 
tory, X97. 

Carballo, Juan: 33, 3x2. See Carvalho, Joia 

Carballo, Manuel, S.J.: arrives in Manila, 29, 195. 

Carballo, Pedro (Span, colonist) : gives deposition, 6, 52. 

Carbonel, Jose", O.S.A.: sketch, 4 J, 296, 297. 

Carcano, — (receptor of Manila Audienda) : his arrest, 39, 14a 

Carcar (Carcar, vill. in Ccbti) : pop., 33, 261 ; Aug. in, 267. 

Carcel, Rafael de la, O.P.: sketch, 37, 1x8. 

Cardenas, Alonso de (Span, official) : letter to Felipe IV, cited, 35, 209-2x1. 

Cardenas, Diego de (Span, official) : services and fitness for office, 22, 39. 

Cardenas, Felipe de, S.J.: Lara writes (July 3, 1636), 26, 14, 263-269, 3x5. 

Cardenas, Francisco (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, xxx. 

Cardenas, Franzisco de (Span, official) : commercial privilege granted to, 44, 2x6. 

Cardenas, Guterre de (Span, ambassador) : letter of authorization to, 1, 115-120. 

Cardenas, Juan Gomez de. See Gomez de Cardenas. 

Cantatas, Capt Miguel (Span, official): conspires against Gov. Salcedo, 37, 263; 
guards and serves gov., 265, 273. 

Cardenas (Cardenas), Rodrigo de, O.P. (bishop of N. Segovia): arrival in Manila 
(1653), 37, X03, 118, 188, 38, 17; informed of insurrection, 185; attends war 
council, 187; advises abandonment of Cagayan, 191, 192; his actions and labors 
during the insurrection, etc., 38, 194-200, 202, 205; death, 73, 2x5; sketch, 37, 
xx8, 188; letter by, cited, 38, 42; letter to, cited, 208, 209. 

Cardenas, Tomas (Thomas) de (resident of Manila) : acts as witness, 13, 285, 286. 

Cardenas, Thomas Garcia de? See Garcia Cardenas. 

Cardenas Pacheco, Capt Francisco de (Span, official) : commands fleet against Mor., 
46, 40, 43, 46-48. 

Cardim (Cardin), Antonio Francisco, S.J.: labors in Siam (political and miss'y), 
2a, 140, 141, 23, 91, 92; goes to Europe, 29, 151; sketch, 37; letter by (Apr. 
I5» 1638), 37» 38. 

Cardona, Ana de: money paid to, 26, 184. 

Cardoso, Alf. — (Span, officer, brother of Capt Cardoso): burned to death, 17, no. 

Cardoso, Capt — (Span, officer, brother of Alf. Cardoso) : slain, 17, 109, xxa 



Carlos] INDEX 169 

Cardoso, — (Span, officer, castellan of Ital. fort, and father of two preceding): hit 

Crimea and death, 17, no, xxi. 
Cardoso, Dr. Francisco (member of Port privy council) : deputy to junta of Badajoz, 

If 174- 

Cardoso, Francisco, St J. of G.: superior of order, 47, 192. 

Cardoso, Capt Gaspar (Span, official) : in campaign against Dutch, 35, 236. 

Care (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 83. 

Careel (vill. in Mindanao) : Span, reduce, ai, 163. 

Careno, N. — (sarg.-may.) : in charge of Formosa fort, 24, 153. 

Careri, Gemelli (Ital. traveler) : visits Manila, 1, 51, 52, 65. See also Books. 

Can (vill.): Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Caribs (appellation of savage peoples): origin of name, 48, 1x9; found in various 
is., a, 106, 48, 1x9. See also Indians. 

Cariedo, Antonio de (Span, official): official acts, 8, 179. 

Carigara (vill. and Jes. residence in Leyte) : chief settlement (mistranscribed 
"Cavigava"), 5, 5*. 5*. 3*9; location, ia, 290, 13, 94. **9. *7. 303; status 
(1591), 8, 128 (1612), 17, 204, 205 (1656), *8, 90, 91; inhab. and their customs, 
*7» 71, 38, 92, 93, 94; annexed to Alangalang, 13, 170; Mor. invade, 17, 69; 
cacao introduced into, 47, 2x9; Jes. in, and their work, ia, 22, 224, 282-284, 13, 
xa, X4, x8, 58, 92-94, 169-181, 17, 71, 72, 275, 203-205, n t 292, 297, a8, 90, 91, 
152 172, 39, 29, 36, 55- 

Carifio, Nicolas (uncle of Silang) : incites insurrection, 49, 161. 

Carlanga (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 81, 84. 

Carlete, Juan Gonzalez. See Gonzalez Carlete. 

Carlo, Don: baptismal name of Cebuan chief, 33, 159. 

Carlos (Span, artilleryman) : his marksmanship, 27, 221. 

Carlos (Span, prince): crowned as Carlos V, 51, 58; heads Carlist uprising, 58. 

Carlos (Carlo) I* (king of Spain, and emperor of Germany; see Charles V): 
his titles, 1, 159; considers his office as divine, 50, 270; takes scepter (15x8), 
1, 275; controls order of Calatrava, 223; creates knights of Santiago, 33, 276; 
founds Consejo de las Ordenes, 2x3; creates ecc tribunal, 2x3; perfects Council 
of Indies, 5a, 32; hostile to France, 1, 149; his power, 33, 139; West Indies 
subject to, 34, 422; opinion of his preachers, 19, 71; holds consultation about 
increasing trib. of Ind., 48, 236; first to propose canal across Isthmus of Panama, 
334* 335! Magalhaes presents plan to, 1, 26, 311, 33, 31; fits out and despatches 
M., 1, 271, 305, 3XX, 5, ao8, 15, 43. *7, 69, 30, 35; appmts. by, 33. 67; desires 
peace with Borneo, 2x9; Manzor swears allegiance to, 34, 53; rewards circum- 
navigators, 6, 143 ; despatches other exped. to Orient, 143, 144 ; see also Magalhaes ; 
and below. Rights in Orient, defined, 1, 29; in financial straits, 29, 30; sells 
Moluccas, 29, 30; 6, 144; disapproves of Villalobos entering, 12, 178; assumes 
rights to Phil, (then called Archipelago of San Lazaro), 30; negotiations with 
Port, 1, 115-135, 139-239, 276-279, 281, 286, 3, 45, 207 (see also Badajoz; 
Treaties; and below). Grants concessions to subjects aiding W. exped., a, 26; 
fits out Gomez's exped., 33, 3x2; exped. against Tunis, a, 302; sketch, 1, 352; 
estab. archives, 53, 32. Letters, instructions, etc. — authorization to Magalhaes 
and Falero (Mar. 22, 15x8), 1, 8, 27X-275, 343; to Manoel (Feb. 28, 15x9), 8, 9, 

* Under this caption are arranged information primarily concerning Cdrlos, as 
king of Spain, whether under that title or that of Charles F. Under the latter 
caption is given the information concerning Cdrlos as emperor. 



170 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Carlos 

Carlos I (continued) — 
376-279, 343; to Cartagena (Apr. 6, 1519), 8, 280-292, 343; to Magalhies and 
Falero (Apr. 19, 1519), 9, 294, 295, 343; to ambaaaadon (Feb. 4, 1523), 7, 95, 
139-144, 342; to Zdfiiga (Dec 18, 1523), 7, 95, 145-158, 34*; to deputies at 
Badajoz, etc. (Mar. 8, 1524), 8, 95, 213, 214 (Mar. 20, 1324)9 **4 (Mar. 21, 
1524), 214, *X5 (Apr. 10, 1524), 215-220 (May 7, 1524), **o, 221; tetters, cited, 
90, 92, 146, 138, 170, 253, 255, 256, 261; contract, cited, 27; laws or decreet by 
(1330), 49, 193 («54»), X9« (June 7 and July 17, 1350), 45, 185, 46, 274, 275 
(July 12, 1350), 49, 193; decreet, cited, 18, 191, 192, j8, 297, 34, 228. Jo*© IH 
writes, 1, 173, 175; Magalhies and Falero petition (Mar., 1518), 251-953; Magal- 
hies writes (Oct 24, 1518), 253, 254; Barbosa'a memorandum to (1523 ), 267, 268; 
report of Magalhies's exped. made to, 307; Moluccan kings write, 335, 34, 63; 
Pigafetta's journal presented to, 33, 16, 147, 179, 274; papal bull conceded 
to, 37, 2$%. 

Carlos II (king of Spain, 1661-1700): succeeds Felipe IV, 37, 137; majority cele- 
brated, 4 J, 15, 164-166; ascends throne, 164; patron of univ. of Sto. Tomis, 38, 
78-80, 46, 261; obliges Council of Indies to approve Panto's course, 39, 268; 
thanks Curuzailaegui, 39, 281; recalls Verart, 295; Carolinat named for, 41, 48, 
43, 229; influenced against Jes., 44, 106; bequeaths crown, 1, 354; death, 44, 
298; sketch, 1, 353; decrees by, 17, 39. 4°, **, 155. *5, 37. **, 75, 39, «43, a*5» 
294, 43, "3-«6, 44, M9, *34, 45, 184-186, 48, X72-X74; letters to, 3*, n, 8x-86, 
43, 1*1. 

Carlos III (king of Spain, 1759-1788): called a bastard, 50, 286; king of Two 
Sicilies, 272; has dispute with Roman see, 272; succeeds to throne, 208; called 
"first revolutionary monarch of Spain," 273; his ministers, 25, 26, 272, 273, 51, 
3x3; liberal influences during his govt, 45, 157; proposes canonization of Palafox 
(1760), 50, 280; makes effort to have latter's writings examined, 280; appealed 
to, to aid proposed Phil, trading co. (1765), 48, 292, 295, 3x9, 321, 337; Viana 
appeals to, in behalf of commerce, 337; banishes inquisitor-gen., 50, 281; flees 
to Aranjuez (1766), 284; dislikes Jes., 272; refuses refuge to French Jes., 273; 
Jes. oppose, 274; suspicious of Jes., 285; expels them (1768), 45, zxx, 122, 49, 
z 34> 50, 26, 288, 3x3 (see also Jesuits) ; confers title of "Royal" on Sto. Tomis 
(1785), 46, 261; gives alms to hospital, 50, 278; encourages agriculture, 53, 292; 
death (Dec 14, 1788), 50, 65, 208; sketch, 1, 354; characterized, 47, 251, 252, 

50, 283, 284; coins of his reign used as ornament, 43, 292. Decrees by, 28, 
230, 45, 150-152, 50, 276, 52, 208. Letters by — to Rojo (Nov. 2, 1762), 50, 118; 
to Naples (June 23, 1767), 274-276; to Anda (Mar. 21, 1771), 45, 125-130; to 
Raon, cited, 50, 287. Norton's memorial to (1759), 47, 251-284; Anda writes 
(June 22, 1764), 49, *>, 2x, 262-287, 348 (July 23, X764), 22, 296-308, 348; Raon 
writes (July 23, 1768), 50, 295; Santa Justa y Rufina writes (Jan. x, 1770), 45, 
X23, 124. 

Carlos IV (king of Spain, 1788-18x9) : accession to throne celebrated in Manila 
(Nov., 1790), 50, 65, 66; orders Munoz to write history, 1, 342; decreases duties, 

51, 285; sketch, 1, 354; statue in Manila, 51, 167; decree by, 45, 221, 222. 
Carlos, Diego, O.P.: assigned to Fotol, 31, 286; sketch, 286, 3a, 160. 

Carlotta (infanta of Spain): marries JaSa VI, 1, 357. 

Carmelites (rel. order): blessed scapularies of, 21, 287; allowed to go to Phil., 28, 
xo, 68; Bonifaz shelters, 37, 47; nuns established, 21, 287; historical sketch, 287. 
Carmen (vill. in Visayas): status (1878), 28, 325, 333; Rec in, 325, 333. 
Carmenal, Jos* del: cited, 47, 274, 275. 



1] 



INDEX 171 



(▼ill. in Luz6o): pop. (1878), 28, 309; Rec admin., 309. 
Capt Pedro (Span, officer) : in expecL against insurgents, 38, 145. 
Johane: 33, 45. See Carvalho, Joaa 
Pero Dalcaceva. See Dalcaceva Carneiro. 
\ntonio (Port pirate) : hostilities by, 29, 24. 
Intonio (Span, official) : official act by, 29, 76. 

'antaleon (Port soldier) : Siamese capture, 15, 78, 19, 195; in Manila, 15, 
195; acts as envoy, 9, 163, 164; his deposition, 10, 241, 242. 
rill, in J0I6) : Guimbajanos inhabit, 40, 179. 
▼ill.) : Span, garrison in, 39, 304. 

lan del, S.J.: resists Mor., 25, 153; Mor. kill, 87, 154, 26, 266, 28, 90, 
sketch, 26, 266, 28, 9a 
(▼ill.): Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Agustin de (resident of Manila) : acts as witness, 26, 113. 
Francisco de (notary) : official acts, 13, 276, 284, 285. 
Capt — : his duties, 27, 332; in triumphal procession, 332; slain, 29, 39. 
Benito (slc-inorcL) : arrests Cuesta, 44, 191. The same as Benito 
> Pan y Agua (?). 

Gaspar, OJP.: arrival in Manila, 43, 7a 

'an y Agua (y Paniagua), Gen. Benito (notary) : purveyor of Misericordia, 
envoy to Siam, 52, 352. The same as Benito Carrasco (?). 
Vguatin, O.S.A: arrival in Manila, 24, 92. 
Carreno), Diego Lopez. See Lopez Carrefio. 
Francisco (encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, 131, 34, 304. 
tfiguel (father of Gumapos [9. v.]) : seized and hanged by Span., 38, 188. 
e V aides (Baldes, Valdez), Antonio de (Span, officer): his wife in Santa 
na, 20, 220; relieved of office and gives residencia, 262; rescues Chin. 
12, 19; exped. to Formosa, 98, 99, 3a, 156; commands galleys, 34, 209; 
pay paid to, 26, 182, 184; death, 27, 328. 
'rancisco, O.P. (procurator) : conducts miss, band, 37, 69. 
f Peredo, Francisco (resident of Manila) : leaves legacy to Manila, 52, 
tch, 32a 

Monso, S.J.: takes part in drama, 19, 64. 

Vntonio Gofre (Jufre, royal treasurer) : official acts, 6, 50, 52, 230, 246. 
Ssttban (Ester an), O.S.A: arrives in Manila, 24, 53; life and labors, 
13» 48; join* in letter to Felipe III (May 4, 1605), 13, 24, 292-299, 318. 
nes (Span, woman) : her son, 21, 251. 
ffanuel, O.S.A (provincial) : visits Igorot miss., 48, 89. 
Barrientos, Maria Manuel a (wife of Grimaldos) : remarriage, 4a, 277. 
fendoza y Pimentel, Diego, marques de Gelves (Yelbes; viceroy of Mez., 
1 : reforms by, 20, 129 ; sends orders to Manila Aud., 22, 63 ; his admin. 
, 45; sketch, 20, 127, 128. 
vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 83. 
-, S.J.: his labors in Mindanao, 28, 63, 29, 145. 
- (Span, soldier) : hanged for conspiracy, 2, 148. 
Lntonio, O.S.A: elected visitor, 37, 219; sketch, 2x9. 
)iego (Span, soldier): falls ill, 4, 281. 

tagenio, S.J.: letter to Rueda (July 8, 1765), 49, *3» *4» 333-335. 3*8- 
m6 de (sec. priest) : defends abp., 42, 141. 
Carrion), Capt Juan (Joan) Pablo (Pablos, Span, official): his controversy 



172 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Carrion 

Carrion, Caft. Juan Pablo (continued) — 
with TJrdaneta, a, 15, xox, xoa; dismissed from pott, 90; hit advice accepted, 
105; founds N. Segovia, 5, 26, 15, 57, 34, 383; hit exped. to Cagayan, 5, 192-197, 
*3*, *35» 34, 384; opposes Jap., 30, 273, 274; builds ship, 7, xxa; hit encomiendii, 
270, 8, xxo; sketch, 5, 192. 

Carrion, Ensign Pedro de: captures Lotto mor., 11, 294. 

Carrucho, Capt Pablo (Span, officer) : gives alms, 32, 74* 

Carrurin, Amador de (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 34, 309. 

Carsiga, Capt Francisco (Span, official): arrival in Manila, 4a, 226; becomes 
priest, 226. 

Cartagena (dry in Spain): G. Perez Datmarulas, corregidor of, 7, 137; naval 
station at, 50, 185. 

Cartagena (city and prov. in Tierra Firme) : Span. gov. of, 10, 196, 199, aa, 32, 
35, 40; cost of galleys in, 14, 73; Sandoval commissioned to act for, aa, 35; 
customs duties levied at, 37, 17a 

Cartagena (Cartajena), Cristoval (Christoval) Ramirez (Ramiret) de. See Ramirez 
Cartagena. 

Cartagena (Carthagena), Juan de (veedor of Magalhies's fleet, and capt of 3d 
ship) : his appointment, 1, 254, 255, 260; royal instructions to, S, 92, 247, 253, 236, 
260, 280-292, 343; receives copy of Magalhies's instructions, 259; conspires and 
mutinies, 261, 262, 263, 269, 33, 14, 65, 67, 305, 306; r emove d from office, 1, 262, 
33, 304; imprisons Mezquita, 1, 263; arretted, 33, 294, 305, 307; marooned, I, 
*66, 33, 3<M» 307 »' rescued, 308. 

Cartagena, Ranullo de: error for Ramirez de Cartagena (q. v.), ia, 14a 

Cartagena y Pantojt, Dr. Diego de (sec priest, expelled from Sec. of Jesus) : exiled, 
37, 181; sketch, 181. 

Carteret, Capt Philip (Brit navigator): circumnavigates globe (1767-69), 39, 79; 
rediscovers Solomon Is., 15, 103; corrects errors of Dam pier, 39, 79. See also 
Books. 

Carrier, Jacques (French explorer) : in France, a, 87. 

Carts: insurgents make, 16, 39. 

Carry, Ensign — (Brit officer): commands sepoys, 49, 86. 

Caruyan (Caruya, vill. in Bulacan, now Bigaa, q. v.): royal encomienda, 7, 267, 
14, 243; pop. 17, 191, 93, 296, 297; contributes to hosp., 7, 267; vicariate, 23, 
296; Aug. in, 17, 191, 23, 296, 24, 94, 130, 160, 37, «49, 163, 178, 222, 237. 

Carvaie (Carvaio), J eh an (Giovan, Johan, Jovan) : 33, 69, 185, 187, 223, 341. 
See Carvalho, Joao. 

Carvajal, Agustin Angel de: money paid to, 26, 189. 

Carvajal, Capt Alonso de (encomendero) : furnishes rel. instruction for his natives, 
31, 141, 14a. 

Carvajal, Ciriaco Gonzalez. See Gonzalez Carvajal. 

Carvalho (Caraballo, Carnagio, Carvagio, Carvaie, Carvaio, Cavagio), Joao (Gioan, 
Giovan, Jehan, Johan, Johane, Jovan, Port, navigator, in Magalhies's crew): 
lives in Brazil, 33, 45; takes Patagonian ashore, 6x; escapes death, 185; his 
treacherous conduct, 21, 22, 187, 223, 225, 341 ; becomes leader of fleet, 348 ; super- 
seded in command, 356, 34, 157; his son captured and abandoned, 33, 225, 353; 
gives ship's boat to natives, 349; makes peace in Palawan, 350; left in Tidore 
with "Trinidad," 34, 14, 69, 160; sketch, 33, 297. 

Carvalho e Mello, Sebastian Joseph (Marquis Pombal) : expels Jes. from Portugal, 
49, 334- 



Castafieda] INDEX 173 

Carvallo, Christoval (mc priest in Masbate) : cedes his churches to Rec, 41, 2x7. 

Casa-Blanca (Cassablanca), Gaspar dc, O.P.: arrives in Phil, (as lay-brother), 14, 
85; official act (as definitor), 23, 27; sketch, 14, 85. 

Caaada (Cazada), Gaspar de: 33, 67, 304. See Quesada. 

Casa da India (Port tribunal) : governs India during Span, sovereignty in Port, 
M, 39. 

Casa de contratacion. See Com. 

Casados, Francisco Martinez. See Martinez Casados. 

Caaafuerte, Marques de. See Acuna, Juan de. 

Caaal, Capt Balthasar (Span, officer) : his testimony, 49, 149. 

Caaamana, Acufia La: 15, 88. See Laksamana. 

Casanova, N. (ecc official) : official act, 1, 103. 

Casanueva, Diego, OJ\: arrival at Manila, 43, 7a 

Casanas (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Casafias, Francisco (resident of Manila) : operates iron mines, 48, 285, 50, 107. 

Casares, Francisco de (notary) : official act, 26, 73. 

Caaares (Caseres) Melon, Juan Gonzalez (Gonzales). See Gonzalez Casares Melon. 

Casas, Capt Alonso de las (Span, officer) : in campaign against insurgents, 38, 145. 

Casas (Cassas, Casaus), Bartolome' (Bernardino — error for Bartolome') de las, O.P. 
(bishop of Chiapa, and apostle and protector of the Indians) : at Valladolid, I, 
27; speaks with Magalhies, 28; defends Indians, 70, 40, 191; his accounts exag- 
gerated, 52, 239 ; Salazar compared to, I, 41, 5, 13, 14 ; sketch, 40, 191, 52, 239. 
See also Books. 

Casas, Felipe de las, O.S.F.: (miss'y in Japan) : martyred, 15, 122. 

Casas, Juan de las, OP.: death, 37, 108. 

"Casas of the Philippines:" appellation applied to D. Salazer (9. v.) t 1, 41, 5, 13, 14. 

Casas y Albarado, Antonio de (fiscal) : death, 44, 155. 

Casay-say (Caaaysay, vill. in Balayan Prov.) : Aug. in, 28, 130, 165. 

Cascos, Juan Ignacio (Span, manuscript expert) : certificate by, 2, 329. 

Casela, Francisco, S.J.: death, 44, 77. 

Casens (Caseins), Juan de: commands "Santa Rosa," 28, 301. 

Caseres, Hernando de: purchases playing-card monopoly, 24, 192. 

Casgas, Gregorio (Port official) : signs treaty, 1, 164. 

Casiano, Hypolito, O.S.A.: miss'y in Cagayan Is., 48, 1x7. 

Casiguran (Casigura, Casiguiran, Casiguran, Casiguran, vill. in Luzon) : location, 8, 
139; *4, iai, *8, 285, 35. 300, 317; pop. (1582), 5, 99; savages live near, 35, 318; 
status (i59*)> 8, 139 (1649), 35, 287; in see of N. Caceres, 28, 153, 285, 286; 
curacy of, 154, 164, 283; Fran, in, 24. iai f *8, «57. **©, 169, 35, 287, 317, 36, 
2x7, 41, 94; Rec in, j8, 3x0, 41, 14, 97; Dom. buried in church at, 31, 254. 

Casilian (Zambal chief) : pacified, 10, 17a 

Casimiro, Luis, St J. of G. (native of Manila) : donado in order, 47, 197. 

Casipit (chief in Luzon) : opposed to faith, 30, 195 ; his wife converted, 195 ; con- 
verted (baptized Pedro), 195, 196; his piety, 196; age, 196. 

Casis: 9, 284. See Kasis. 

Casiyam (vilL) : Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Casks (hogsheads): tallow packed in, 3, 137; requisitioned for Phil., 138; used 
aboard ship, 4, xx6; used for fortification, 6, 102; fish packed in, 16, 183; hooped 
with iron, 2, 192, 194; hoops, bartered, 202. 

Caso, Andres de, O.P. (provincial) : at Span, court, 31, 167. 

Castafieda, Barnabe de (sailor) : miraculous escape of, 30, 146. 



174 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS {Castafieda 

Castafieda, Capt Diego (Span, officer) : arrives in Manila, 37, 219. 

Castafieda, Francisco, O.P.: death, 34, 274. 

Castafieda, Pedro: paym't ordered made to, 36, 1x4. 

Castafieda Vizente de Alhambra, Balthasar de (guardian of Bostamante's children): 

brings murder suit against Manila citizens, 44, 161. 
Castafios, Martin (procurator for Phil): price list compiled by, 19, ax, 301-3x9; 

letter to Felipe IV, 33, 14, 15, 125-129, 322; report cited, 113, X14. 
Castafio, Pedro (gunner) : his deposition, 19, 205. 
Casteel (vill.) : pop., 31, 246; Rec. in, 246. 
Castejon, Capt — (Span, officer) : native robs, 36, 293. 
Castel, Capt Juan (Span, officer) : arrives in Manila, 4 3, 171. 
Castella (Castela) : 1, 8, 9, 276, 294, 295, 3, 262. See Spain. 
Castellanos, Capt Diego: takes part in cathedral dedication, 37, 203. 
Castellanos, Francisco, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 86. 
Castellanos, Juan de, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 13a 
Castellar, Jot* Sanchez de. See Sanchez de Castellar. 
Castellar, Thomas, OJ\: joins Phil, miss., 30, 202; embarks for Manila, 236; signs 

Dom. opinion, 8, 223, 225; elected definitor, 30, 259; in N. Segovia, 272, 302; 

sketch, 202. 
Castellet, Domingo, O.P. : labors in Japan, 3*, 140-142. 
Castello, Alf. Francisco del (chief constable of abp.) : his deposition, 31, 69. 
Castelo, Capt— (Span, officer): takes part in Mindanao campaign, 37, 274, 284. 
Castel Rodrigo, Marques de (Span, ambassador at Rome) : Felipe IV writes (Nov. 

9, X639), 39, *75-»77- 
Castelu (Gastelu), Santiago (Span, colonist): Chin, burn his ranch, 39, 228. 
Castilas. See Spaniards. 
Castilians. See Spaniards. 
Castilla (Castile). See Spain. 

Castilla, Nuevo reino de: Luzon called, 3, 250, 251, 297. 
Castilla, Little (encom. and vill. in Luzon) : assigned to crown, 34, 309 ; pop. (1582), 

5, 85. 
Castilla, Gaspar de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 149. 
Castilla, Juan de (local gov. of Samar) : characterized, 36, 302. 
Castilla de Oro: old name for Tierra Firme, 4, 106. 
Castillejos (vill. in Zambales Pro v.) : status (1878), 38, 305; Rec in, 305. 
Castillo, Capt — (Span, officer): in Japan, 17, 107, 108; knows Luzon coasts, 107; 

captured by Dutch, 107, 108. 
Castillo, Albaro de (member of Manila cabildo) : official act, 36, 48. 
Castillo, Capt Alfonso de (Span, official) : escorts Valenzuela, 43, 178. 
Castillo, Alonso del, O.P.: life and labors, 33, 158, 159, i66 9 167. 
Castillo, Antonio Canovas del. See Canovas del Castillo. 
Castillo, Cayetano del, St J. of G.: donado, 47, 197. 
Castillo, Christoval del, O.S.F.: labors in Manados, 35, 306; Misericordia aids, 47, 

67. 
Castillo, Count of (member of Span. roy. coun.) : his opinion, 35, xox, 102. 
Castillo, Diego de el (Carmelite, provincial of Andalucia), blesses scapularies, 31, 

287. 
Castillo, Diego del: father of Juan de la Anunciation, 31, 252. 
Castillo, Capt Diego del (de), (Span, official, member of Manila cabildo): his ser- 



Castro] INDEX 175 

vices deserve reward, 7, 150; his encomiendas, 8, 108, 109; deputy of Misericordia, 
47, »6; official acta, 6, 230, 7, 3<H» *, *79, 9, »*i 13*, *3*. 

Castillo, Domingo del, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 69. 

Castillo, Feliciano Leal del. See Leal del Castillo. 

Castillo, Francisco (Francisco) del (encomendero) : acts as witness, 4, 303; his en- 
comienda, 8, 1x4; G. Perez Dasmarifias's servant, 16, 260; slain, 260. 

Castillo, Capt Francisco del (Span, officer) : destroys Mor. boats, 39, 165. 

Castillo, Gabriel Diaz del See Diaz del Castillo. 

Castillo, Gabriel Gomez del. See Gomez del Castillo. 

Castillo, Gregorio del: acts as witness, 11, 185. 

Castillo, Hernando del, O.P.: prior of Valladolid convent, 31, 145. 

Castillo, Juan Maldonado del. See Maldonado del Castillo. 

Castillo, Juan Rronquillo del See Ronquillo del Castillo. 

Castillo, Maria Gomez. See Gomez Castillo. 

Castillo, Pedro del, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 33, 39, 34, 123; sketch, 33, 39. 

Castillo, Sebastian de el, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43* 69. 

Castillo, Vicente de el, OP.: arrives in Manila, 43, 87. 

Castillo y Negrete, Manuel del (Span, official) : publishes ordinance, 50, 50, 51. 

Castillo Ribera (Rivera) y Maldonado (Bernardino), del (de el), (Span, official, 
castellan of fort): native of Mexico, 31, 155, 284; appointed castellan (1595), 
34, 448; acts as witness, 161; his wife, 155, 284; his estate, 194; aids Rec 34, 
14, 45, 155, 194, 284-286, 288, 289; deposition, 31, 285; asks increase of gar- 
*>»on> 34, 34. 35, 44<>; states services and asks reward, 35, 443, 444, 448, 449; 
asks increased pay for soldiers, 447; death, 33, 74; his successor, 74; monu- 
ment erected to, 31, 155, 289; letter to Felipe III (June 21, 1605), 34, 34, 35, 
439-4SO, 453. 

Castrillo, Conde de: secures grant for Jes. college, 36, 80, 8x. 

Castrillon, Francisco, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 43, 191; sketch, 191, 192. 

Castro (wealthy Manila family) : help pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Castro, — : sarg.-may. of the guards, 44, 221. 

Castro, Agustin Maria de, O.S.A.: directs powder factory, 49, 283. See also Books. 

Castro, Alonso (Alonzo) de, O.S.A.: official acts, 6, 229, 8, 214, 2x5; 34, 326; 
sketch, 8, 2x7, 34, 3*6, 327. 

Castro, Alonso de, S.J. (Port) : martyred, 38, 102 ; sketch, 102. 

Castro, Capt Alonso (Span, officer) : in campaign against insurgents, 38, 167. 

Castro, Antonio Alvarez de. See Alvarez de Castro. 

Castro, Beltran de (Span, adm.) : defeats Sir Richard Hawkins, 11, 153. 

Castro, Carlos Bermudez Gonzalez de. See Bermudez Gonzalez de Castro. 

Castro, Diego de (official of Santa Potenciana) : official act, 18, 284. 

Castro, Diego de, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 13a 

Castro, Enrique de (native of Flanders) : reports Dutch plans, 14, 59. 

Castro, Enrique, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 37, 237, 43, 145; life and labors (rel. and 
political), 37, *37, 38, 146, X49, 2x5. 

Castro, Fernando (Ffernando) de (nephew of G. Perez Dasmarinas, and cousin of 
L. Perez Dasmarinas) : arrives in Manila, 10, 199 ; envoy to China, 9, 203, 205, 
10, 199, 15, 77, 16, 264, 31, 75, 33, 28; recommended for gov., 10, 199; al- 
lowed to trade, 13, 55; commands ships, 15, 237, 31, 137; marries Mendana's 
widow, 9, 272; returns to Mexico, 15, 104, xo6. 

Castro, Francisco de (Port sec priest) : labors in Mindanao, 3, 68. 



176 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [CastTO 

Castro, Jorge de (Port gov. of Moluccas): negotiations with Villaloboa, 2, 64, 71; 
superseded, 71. 

Castro, Juan, O.P. (first provincial of his order in PhiL; and uncle of following): 
provincial of Chiapa, 36, 212; joins PhiL miss., 30, 1x9; arrives in PhiL (1587), 
28, 136; helps found prov., 30, 124; elected first proVl, 207, 2x0; makes ordin- 
ances for his prov., 126-128; in China, 7, 21, 235, 30, x6, 246-249, 256, 31, ail; 
knows Chin, language, 7, 235, 236; visits his prov., 30, 2x4, 215, 237-246; ha 
nephew, 31, 73 ; appointments by, 30, X25, 253* 256, 3ii 74. *S4» 3*, 34; official 
acts, 8, 223, 225; sketch, 30, 1x9, 264-267; his insight, 31, 154. 

Castro, Juan de, O.P. (nephew of preceding) : in first Dom. miss, to FiL, 30, X24, 
125, 31, 73, 74; assigned to Pangasinan, 30, 136; elected definitor, 259; illness 
and death, 31, 76; pffidal act, 8, 223, 225; sketch, 30, 124, 125, 31, xo; char* 
acterized, 27, 74. 

Castro, Juan de, O.S.A.: Lemos consults, 24, 52, 

Castro, Juan de Palomares. See Palomares Castro. 

Castro, Juan Maldonado de. See Maldonado Castro. 

Castro, Licentiate Lucas de: endows Jes. college, 38, 85, 86. 

Castro, Miguel de, OJ\: arrives in Manila, 43, 31. 

Castro, Pedro Bermudez de. See Bermudez de Castro. 

Castro, Santiago (Sanctiago, Ssantiago) de (member of Manila ecc cabildo): hit 
appointment, jo, 81, 82; license presented, 45, 106; license confirmed, 107; in- 
capable of exercising duties of office, ao, 81; acts as abp. in vacant see, 45, 1x4; 
official acts, 12, 140, 18, 190, 192, 34, 438, 45, 100, 1x4; death, 22, 79; succes- 
sors appointed by gov., 35, 306, 307. 

Castro y Andrade, Capt Tomas (Tomas) de (Span, officer) : arrives in Manila, 37, 
228; conspires against Salcedo, 263; secures royal seal, 34. 

Castro y Andrade, Tomas (Thomas) de (Span. mil. engineer): prisoner of war, 
49, 100. See also Maps and Cartographers. 

Castro Lison (Licon, Lisson, Lizon), Diego (wrongly called Dionisio) de (factor): 
recommended for clerkship, 18, 129; arrives at Manila, 19, 109; his clerk, 20, 
196; official acts, 301, 303; Fajardo writes rdg., 132, 137; death, 22, xox. 

Castroverde, Thomas de, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 86. 

Castrucio, Pablo, O.P.: provincial of the Holy Land, 30, 210. 

Casualties: explosions, 4, 35; drowning, 25, 225, 5, 129, 11, 158, 162, 164, 179, 
X92-195, 232, 245, 13, xi6-xx8, 14, 138, 15, 230, 17, 130, 258, 18, 74, », X84, 
33, 226, 227, 34, 98, 35, 192, 39. 232, 30, X45, 33, 247, 33, 44. 36, 224, 
37, 257, 259, 38, 56, 49, S3, 54, 85, xox, 120, X26, 128, 229; escape from, by 
swimming, 15, 70, 7h 16, 261, 269, 35, 3*, 44, 224, 37, 259; 1°« of leg, 9, 282, 
283; scalded to death, 40, 224; seized by crocodile, 11, 205, 13, xo6; destruction 
by typhoon, 12, 184; by poison, 226, 16, 62 (see also Diseases and remedies); 
by fire, 15, 276, 16, 290; from falling balcony, 39, 176, 209; Baler destroyed by 
tidal wave, 48, 67; in burning ship, 49, 288; by volcano, 51, 35; inundation, 
52, 322. See also Crimes; Earthquakes; and Fires. 

Catabagam (vill.) : Span, reduce, 9, 82. 

Catabig: 17, 206. See Catubig. 

Catalonan (vill. of Bulacan) : visits of Quingua, 43, 193 ; Aug. in, 193. 

Catalan, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 29. 

Catalans (inhab. of Cataluna) : proposed as colonists, 50, 63. 

Catalinaga (Catalaraga, Catalina), Serg. Lope de (Span, officer): commands ship, 



Catingpan] INDEX 177 

4, *43. ***; «ct» «» witness, 244, 248, 256, 267, 270, 274, 275, 277, 285* »*7» *9*» 
294; visits side, 279; Ribera commissions, 294-296. 

Catalman (vill. in Samar) ; Jes. in, 36, 56. 

Catanavan (Catanavan, vill. in Luz6n) : miss, transferred to Rec., 41, 2x5, 244. 

Catangalan (encomienda in Luzon): pop. (1582), 5, 85; chief of, conspires, 7, 100. 

Catanio, La^aro, S.J.: enters China m disguise, 31, 125. 

Cataravajecu: son of Abuleis, 33, 365. 

Catarina (sister of Carlos I) : marries Jaoa III, 1, 355; regent for Sebastiao, a, 247. 

Catarmin (Catarman, Catarman, vill. in Samar): status (1878), 218, 344; revolt 
in, 38, «7J J««. in, 38, 92, 152, 172; Rec in, 153, 175, 344. 

Catbalogan (Cabatlogan, Cabatldgan, Cabatlongan, vill. in Samar): location, 13, 
63, 40, 26; attacked by pirates, 33, 133; Span, garrison sent to, 37, 3x6; Span, 
fleet in, 38, 120, 122; seat of Span, official, 38, 92, 38, 107; alcalde of, 40, 26; 
natives defend against Mor., 48, 49; Jes. in, 37, 257, 38, 92, 151, 172, 36, 45, 56. 

Catbuli (vill. in Luzon): riv. and springs near, 31, 3x2. 

Catel (Catel, vill. in Mindanao): Corralat demand territory near, 39, 147; ale- 
may, does not aid rel., 41, 140; garrison in, 145; Rec in, 38, 152, 175, 41, 137, 
143-144- 

Cathay (dist of China) : location, 34, 174. 

Catholic Sovereigns (title given to Fernando V of Aragon and Isabel I of Castile 
\_q. v."]) : 1, 351; engage in discoveries and explorations, 98, 103, xo6, 108, 3, 121; 
appeal to pope, 23; papal concessions to, 100, 109, 121-123, 243, 9, 225; make 
concessions to Port., 1, 24; negotiate treaties, 131, 139, 146, 160, 2x0, 211, 223, 
228, 237, 238, 279, 3, 124; sign agreement, 123; order determination of line 
of demarcation, 1, 208; their compact with Port (1495), 7, 95, 131-135; letter 
of authorization, 1x5-120; letters from and to, cited, 130; decree (May 7, 1495), 
cited, 3, 125. 

Catholicism and Catholics (Roman): effect of reaction, I, 33, 84; hostile to Prot, 
35; contrasted with Prot., 36; convert France and Eng., 36; state religion of 
Spain, 49; state religion in Malta, 38, 365; Span, crown's relation to, etc, 14, 
335, 236, 15, 35-37. 45t 18, 155, 192, 36, 72, 73 J popes desire to spread, I, 
97, 106, 34, 263; foreigners not forced to become, 38, 365; opposed to heresies, 
367; wars retard, 41, 155; professorship in, univ., open to sec and relig., 45, 
99; govt officials should be sincere, 53, 276; enters Malaysia, 37, 70; endanger- 
ed in Moluccas, 14, 178; Fil. refuse to accept, 34, 3x8; will be readily accepted in 
Phil., 14, 281, 304; natives of Phil., instructed in, tenets of, 199, 283, 289, 3x0, 
30, 258, 31, x8x, 31, 272; Fil. owe civilizing influences to, 38, 360; most Fil. 
sincere Cath., 360, 361, 364; effect in Phil., 362, 363; Fil. do not desire freedom 
of worship*, 363-366; danger to, in Phil., 366; few insurgents abjure, 366; But- 
uans faithful to, 40, 3x2; apostacy of, 41, 84; difficult to explain doctrine in 
native tongues, 46, 274, 275; condition in Phil. (1898), 38, 349-368; no. in Phil., 
353» 354» 3&6'> hostility to, in Siao, 43, 125; widely spread in Japan, 14, 225; no. 
in Japan, 225; Jap. well disposed toward, 230; missions in China, 18, 206, 34, 
300; in Coromandel, 43, 153; progress in new world, 46, 274; among Dutch, 17, 
lax; among Armenians, 31, 275; among Port., 35, x8x. See also Church; Con- 
version and converts; Ecc; the various Rel. Orders; and various countries. 

Catigbian (vill. in Bohol) : status (1878), 38, 333; Rec. in, 333. 

Catiman (vill. in Mindanao) : its chief, 4, 289, 29a 

Catingpan (vill. in Visayas) : Aug. in, 39, 27a 



178 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Catip 

Catip: Bornean priest, 4, 150, 151. See alto Kasis. 

Catitlan (vill. in Panay) : assigned in encomfcnda, 34, 304. 

Catituan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579)1 4, 2S2, 283; ita chief, 289. 

Catmon (vill. in Visayas) : status (1878), 38, 325; Rec in, 325. 

Catongal (Pangasinan chief): hostile to rel., 33, 20, ai. 

Cattle and cattle-raising. See Mammals. 

Catubig (Catabig, Catubig, vill. in Samar) : location, 13, 162, 207; tributes in, 17, 
206; revolt in, 38, 1x7; Jes. in, 13, 23, 299, 13, 21, 114, 162, 206, 207-2x7, 38, 
92, 152, 36, 45, 56; Christians of, 38, 1x5. 

Catudyucan (vill. in Sibuyan Is.) : Rec admin., 28, 175. 

Catunao (Boholan chief): aids Legazpi, 11, 2ix, 13, 301; baptized, 301, 3x2, 3x3. 

Caua (Cava, vill. in Pangasinan) : Aug. admin., 28, 158, 167. 

Cauayan (vill. in Luzon) : Dom. miss, in, 48, 136. 

Cauayan (Cavayan, vill. in Negros): tributes in, 17, 205; Jes. in, 13, 1x3, 17, 203, 
*8, xsx, X7X. 

Caucao (Caucao, insurgent chief): incites rebellion, 41, 71, 72; interviews with 
friar, 7X-74; hanged, 13, 85. 

Cauchela (Cabchela), Andres de (Span, royal accountant): appointed accountant, 
3, 89; supplies asked by, 3, 137-140; his encomiendas, 305, 8, 122, 138; orders 
collection of tribute, 3, 309; report ordered from, 11, xoo; gives alma to Jes*, 13, 
194; petitions increase of salary, 34, 26, 302; official acts, 3, 109, 1x3, 177, x8x, 
x88, 3x9, 322, 3, 271, 306, 308, 309, 3, 207, 6, 49, 52, 229, 246, 34, 222 f 303 (signs 
letters, etc). 

Cauchi: phonetic form for Kuchi (g. v.), 4, 131. See also Cochinchina. 

Cauchinchina: 16, 267. See Cochinchina. 

Caulnti (vill. in La gun a) : Fran, in, 38, 146. 

Cauit (Cabit, Cabite, Cauit, Cauite, Cavite, Quavit, vill. in Mindanao) : identifi- 
cation and location, 3, 58, 196, 197, 4, 235, 33, 357; its former name, 9, 281; 
ancient name for La Caldera, 296; chart, 33, 230, 355; cinnamon found at, 3, 
58, 4, 178, 34, 18, 204, 2x6, 285, 298; Magalhaes ezped. passes, 33, 239; Span, 
officers at, 4, 17, 235, 294-296, 9, 281; Port ship wrecked near, 4, 225; Rec in, 
38, 152; Jes. in, 36, 57. See also Caldera; Canela; and Capes and points. 

Cautipa (vill. in Macasar) : location and pop., 38, xox. 

Cavagio, Gioan: 33 t 61. See Carvalho, Joao. 

Cavalian: 3, 204. See Cabalian. 

Cavalleria, Pablo, S.J.: extract from letter (Dec 31, 1886), 43, 21, 22, 96, 255-267; 
translates Mor. song, 265, 266. 

Cavallero, Alonso (notary) : official act, 33, 82. 

Cavallero, Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 

Cavallero, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Cavallero, de Medina, Sebastian (fiscal): member of Misericordia, 47, 27; report 
on Chin, licenses (1644), 35, 15, 16, 185-195, 324. 

Cavangaan (vill. in Luzon) : Rec in, 41, 131. 

Cavarrubias, Miguel Ortiz de. See Ortiz de Covarrubias. 

Cavendish, Thomas: 14, 183, 16, xox. See Candish. 

Caverns and caves: as dwellings, 12, 258, 44, 91; as sepulchers, 31, 207, 41, 72; 
used for rel. purposes, 16, 131, 132; rel. hide in, 21, 234, 32, 205; in Dumalog, 
24, X07; dwellers — Troglodites, 1, 306. 

Cavetle (vill. [for Cauit ?]) : Span, at, 3, 268. 



Cavitc] INDEX 179 

Cavezas, Protasio (Protacfo, bp. of Ccbu, and papal delegate) : his stipends, 47, 
131 ; declines to hear appeal from archepiscopal court, 48, 157. 

Cavigava: mistranscription for Carigara (q. v.), 5, 51, 53, 329. 

Cavili (Cavlli, vill. in Pangasinan) : Dom. in, 38, 159, 174. 

Cavinte (Cavinti, vill. in Luzon): location and status (1649), 35, 282; Fran, in, 
38, 168, 35, 282. 

Caviscail (Caviscail, vill. in Calamianes Is.): Rec in, 31, 243, 36, 146; convent 
abandoned, 31, 243. 

Cavttb (Cabit, Cabite, Cabitte, Cavita, Cavitc, Cavite la Punta, port of Manila) — 

Description, etc.: name and origin, 16, xo8, 44, 43; called "Keif by Chin., 13, 

X04; how distinguished from Cavite el Viejo (9. v.), 44, 43. Location, 3, 92, 

4, 38, 3, 81, 89, 6, 249, 11, 93, 13, 94, 16, 108, 31, 183, 33, 196, 197. 36, 

95, 190, 214, 390, 44, 43. 47, 101, 106, 31, 124. 

Population — Filipino (1591), 8, 99; native settlement, in, 16, 108; natives 
taken to, 33, 283; native, praised by Span., 40, 292; natives talk Span., 46, 337; 
tributarios exempt from rice tribute, 47, 118; Span. (1610), 17, 105; Span. 
(1662), 36, 2x4; many Span, in, 46, 337; in 1878, 38, 308; Jap. in, 30, 283; 
foreigners in, 38, 306; character of (cosmopolitan), 31, 183, 38, 85, 33, 90, 36, 
314, 44, 43, 47, iox; growing, 34, no. 

Plans and charts — of 1663, 36, 93; of ecu 1742, 47, 107; of ca. 1762, 49, 183; 
cited {ca. 1762), 37, 228, 49, 54; description, 39, 66, 47, iox-109; region about, 
described, 3, 9*, 93; hill of gold at, 13, 83, 88, 94, 153, 15, »73J ^"7, 219, 167, 
35, 262 (see below The port) ; roads near, 36, 29a 

Social and economic: importance, 34, 26, 334, 33, 90, 44, 129, 73, 48, 2x7; 
a trade center, 33, 89, 94, 33, 282, 38, 306, 47, xox, 50, 200, 2x2; trade license 
includes, 2x2; no cotton raised in, 8, 84, 85; carpenters in, 18, 174, 175, 36, 206; 
iron manufacture in, 18, 175, 36, 207, 47, 106; lead worked in, 18, 177; wages 
in, 36, 206-208, 47, 1 09-1 13; supplies needed for, should be kept there, 48, 259; 
pharmacy in, 45, 287; method of house-building in, 53, 76. 

Defenses, etc.: important defense of Manila, 9, 118; Manila key to, 49, 14, 47, 
83; good base of supplies, 15, 53, 61; forts vulnerable from sea, 46; acquisition 
important, 51, 195; fortifications needed in, 6, 29, 301, 9, 13, 118, 17, 50, 48, 
3x7, 2x8, 222-224, 50, 62, 51, 195; wall needs repair, 49, x88, 189; fortifica- 
tions built, repaired, and strengthened, 15, 2x0, 2x4, 234, 17, 14, 100, 104, 105, 
106, 276, 277, 33, 94, **, 140, 35 253-256, 36, x6, 37, 280, 4a, 178, 30, 50, 69, 
51, X2, 37; fort too large, 9, 1x9; fortif. dismantled, 35, 229; Chin, forced to 
labor on, 36, x6; not included in statement, 50, 85; described, 47, 101-103; 
foundry and arsenal, 36, 207, 50, 71, 87, 142, 143, 51, 124, 125, 242, 243; artil- 
lery equipment and reserve supplies, 47, 103, 104; powder magazine, 36, 221, 
47, 106; storehouse, 36, 286; mil. supplies captured, 49, 18, 102, 103. 

Sold, needed at — 9, 75; garrison and its size, 30, 48, 39, 304, 35, 255, 36, 95, 
47, 105, xo6 (including officers); infantry, 36, 286, 287, 47, 105; cavalry, 36, 
341; their pay (officers included), 36, 221, 228, 47, 105, xo6; paid from situado, 
50, 87; exempt from trib., etc, 204; quarters built for, 36, 286, 287; recruited 
by ale-may., 38, 234; Caragas guard, 36, 243; Span, officers give parole at, 
49, 78; sold, of, desert, 2x6. Mil. chapel in, 36, 287. 

The port: chief port of Phil., 13, 94, 36, 2x4; port for Manila, 16, 108, 18, 
94, 47, xox; lading-docks at, 11, 93, 109; shipyards (ribera — i. *. navyyard) 
and shipbuilding in, 10, 99, 14, 258, 15, 2xx, 2x4, 258, 18, x6, 174, X75, 19, «3t 



180 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [CavitC 

Cavttb (continued) — 

33, 94. 33, xo6, 34, i6, 167, 2x0, 39, 5«, 35, »53, **3, »*4t 36, 95, 38, 114, "5. 
43, 155, 214, 307, 308, 44, xa6, 308, 45, 5*, 47, 47, wi, 106, 109, 11a, 48, a*3, 
49, 73, 182, 50, 69, 70, 71, 1x3; shipyard desired in, 24, 270; wharves con- 
structed in, 44, 192 ; regulation needed for shipyards and arsenal, 48, 223 ; naval 
station organized at, 50, 73; Span, ships at, and sail from, 5, 81, 8, 255, 9, 118, 
II, 140, 14, 64, 13, 69, 77, 115, xi6, 2x4, 220, 235, 16, 27, 62, 202, 203, 17, 90, 
272, 18, 37, 42, 43, 53, $4, x8o, 23X, 232, 19, 68, 69, 87, JO, xo8, 31, 68, 33, 
x8, 65, 88, 132, x8i, X83, X84, x86, 33, 47, "», *4, 97, *47» »53, **>, «*«, 2S6, 33, 
X58, 36, 31, 39, xs, xoo, X50, 33, 156, 35, 2x4, 228, 243, 244, 250, 253, 37, *4i 
xox, x6x, X67, X90, 225, 227, 239, 251, 275, 39, 133, *43, **h 41, xo8, 200, 324, 
43, X33, 191, 246, 272, 43, 88, 3x0, 47, 75, *<>9, 50, 34, 7©; galleys unnecessary 
in, 37, 39 ; shipwrecks in, 39, 171, 271 ; gall, avoids, 35, 123 ; galL fail to reach, 
43, 119, 200, 273; Span, ship towed to, 49, 58; Span, ships seized at, 3x4, 3x5; 
fare to, from Manila, given as alms, 31, 84; Dutch ships in, 18, 44, 51, 30, 47; 
many foreign ships in, 33, 94; Eng. ships in, 39, x68, 35, 184; 'Eng. fleet an- 
chors near, 49, 96; ships wrecked at, 7, 134, 35, 121; ship unable to reach, 33, 
6x; ship inspection in, 34, 222; breakwater in, 47, 103. Sailors in, 8, 99, 14, 
254, 30, 229, 31, X83, 36, 206, 213, 35, 283, 36, 95, 38, 4*, 47, «S. **5; no. 
of employes in shipyards, 18, 16, 174, 175; pay of officers and men, 36, 201, 202, 
220, 22x, 231, 240, 241, 243, 244, 47, X09-XX3; Fil. serve in, without pay, 1x9; 
office of galley captain abolished, 36, 204; rigging made in (rope factory), 18, 
177, 36, 207; naval storehouse at, 33, 263, 47, 109; naval supplies should be kept 
at, 34, 26, 334, 37, 43; naval stores captured, 49, 53; great waste in, 50, 1x3; 
criminals compelled to work in, 2x4. See also Commerce and trade. 

Ecclesiastical: subject to Manila see, 38, xxx; spiritual administration in, 8, 
43. 53; priests and sacristans in, 14, 261; commissary of Inquis. in, 36, 89; id, 
needed in, 105; celebration of Immaculate Conception in, 19, 66; obsession at, 
31, 16, 295; orders have convents in, 34, no; mil. chapel in, 36, 287; women 
take refuge in church, 29, 224; public prayers in, 35, 259; alms given in, 47, 
139; sec curacy in, 8, 99, 30, 229, 33, 85, 35, 3", 38, 129, 163, 267, 34, 33, 
433. 36, 95, 2x4; curacies held by regulars, 38 267. 

Augustinian — chapels at, given to, 13, 122; Aug. in, 34, 32, 38; miss, 
band arrives in, 91-93; miss, abandoned, and convent suppressed, 15, no, 155; 
convent retained as hospice, xxo. 

Dominicans — their convent and church, 35, 173, 244, 245, 291, 38, 140, 173, 
33, 12, 90, 35, 33, 36, 95, 39, 124; the Collado faction in, 35, 29X, 35, 33; 
Dom. in, 35, 244, 246, 36, 65, 95, 39, 25, 30, 130, 36, 95, 37, "4, 47, 1391 
induce moral reform in, 33, 91 ; exiled Dom. in, 43, 223. 

Franciscans — found miss, in, 10, 205; their convent, 17, 209, 30, 123, 35, 
283, 284 (status, 1649), 307; Fran, in, 6, X52, 35, 3*5, 36, 95, 2x4. 

Jesuits — churches closed to, 35, 282; coll. and residence, 38, 85, 86 (status, 
1656), 135, 171, 29, 28, 36, 95, 211; church, entered by thieves, 39, 10, 35; Jes. 
in, 17, 274, 18, 140, 33, 297, 36, 115, 38, 59, 39, 28, X22, 36, 54, 38, 84, 39, 
131, 132, 197, 41, 33, 44, 43, *03, 47, »39- 

Recollect — establishment of convent, 31, 182-185; miss., church, and convent, 
31, 14, 293, 34, 46, 38, 143, 174, 306, 357, 36, 184, 188, 2x3; ceded to, 38, 343; 
Rec in, 31, x6, 295, 38, 308, 36, 95, 47, »39- 

St John of God — begin work in (1641), 47, 16s I their convent, 36, 90; hospi- 
tal in, 95, 47, 139- 



Cazorla] index 181 

Hospitals: see Hospitals. 

Government, etc.: belongs to crown, 5, 89, 8, 99, 34, 308; duties of gov. (or 
warden), 33, 256; gov. responsible to capt-gen., 47, iox; qualifications neces- 
sary for such official, 48, 223; wardens (chief justice and mil. commanders) in, 
33, 229, *30, *55, 2$6 9 34, 35*. *9, *03, 196, 36, 95, 9*, **3, 37, 5©, 4*, 173 J 
acts proclaimed in, 10, 300; assessment of natives in, 41, 34; extortions in, in- 
vestigated, 49, 265; royal magazines and buildings, 36, 238, 47, xo6, 109; offi- 
cials at roy. works and buildings (salaries), 36, 201, 2x4, 2x8, 220, 257; maga- 
zines improperly managed, 50, 179; graft in, 186; prisons, 37, 27, 28, 40, 50; 
notary-public in, 36, 304; barillas used as coin in, 50, 28; made a Brit colony, 
49 1 *5*; Kempenfelt given command of, 100. 

Events in history: Goiti advised to anchor in (1570), 3, 92; Goiti at, 92, 93. 
Limahon at, 4, 31, 6, xox; he retreats to, 35, 36; Mor. send envoys to him at, 36; 
sacks Cavite, 103. Coast near explored, 8, 285; provisioned, 11, 141 (see 
also above, Defenses); Morga sent to, 306; Chin, mandarins in, 13, 287, 15, 
375; various gov. at, 14, 73, **, *57, *7, *9*, 300, 18, 45, 49, xx6, 267, 19, X37, 
*©, 35, 40, X95, 196, 33, 62, 242, 33, 295, 36, 269, 37, 3*x, 330; other Sj>an. 
officials in, 17, 262, 36, 1x4 (soldier ?), 36, 223; Dutch hostilities at, 17, 105, 
106, X50, 278, 19, 220, 22x, 34, 96, 35, 157, 36, 24, 37, 158; fire in, 17, xo8, 4*, 
133; storm at, 31, 296; warned of Chin, insurrection, 39, 211; Chin, insurrec- 
tion in, 223-227; Chin, refugees in, 36, 241; Valenzuela imprisoned at, 43, 277; 
Torralba imprisoned at, 44, 160; citizens of, aid royal exchequer, 46, 37; Brit 
demand surrender, 49, 2x5; surrendered to Brit, 49, x6, 18, 52, 53, 71, 77, 78, 
79, 99, X 5 X > l6 4* 2x7, 264, 269, 291; Draper delivers command, 68; Kempenfelt 
given command of, 100; Brit commit excesses in, 170; Brit flee to, 293; insur- 
rection of 1872, 17, 308, 46, 344, 50, 142, 143, 53, 126-128, 2x2, 2x6. See also 
Cavite el Viejo; and Cavite Prov. 

Cavite (Cavite) el Viejo [Old Cavite]: location, 44, 43; pop. (1878), 38, 308; 
people of, scattered, 44, 44 J vice reigns in, 44; Jes. in, 38, X35, 171, 36, 54, 95, 
44, 44; Rec in, 38, 308. Ses also Cavite; and Cavite Prov. 

Cavite Province: pop. (1839, 185 1, 1878), 38, 346, 347; method of collection of 
tribute in, 17, 323; elections in, 327, 50, 208, 209, 254, 255; its jurisdiction, 31, 
78, 51, 65; half-annats paid in, 50, 104; exemptions in, 230; coffee cultivated in, 
43, 224; brandy manufacture allowed in, 51, 284. Included in Manila see, 38, 
260, 266; vicariate in, 267; Jes. in, 10, 205, 47, 148, 50, 290; Rec. in, 38, 300, 
305-309, 343, 346, 347, 46, xox; sec in, 47, 146; schools in (1892), 46, xox. 
See also Cavite; and Cavite el Viejo. 

Cavranca, Francisco de (sec priest) : member of Manila ecc cabildo, 13, 14a 

Caxabic (pirate) : devastates is., 34, 275. 

Cayado de Gamboa, Juan (Port official, father of Antonio Rodriguez Gamboa) : 
Achenese capture, 17, 269; reports operations of enemy, 269, 27a 

Cayaguan (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. admin., 36, 57. 

Cayalera (vill.): insurrection in, 9, 3x9. 

Cayan (Cayam, Cayang, vill. in Luzon, former cap. of Lepanto) : location and 
pop., 37, 247, 48, 85; submits to Span., 37, 248; Span, establish mil. post in, 
48, 85; miss, status, 37, 47, 48, 85, 86. 

Caylon (port in Leyte) : location, 1, 322. See also, Phil. Islands; Selani, and Leyte. 

Caypilan (vill. in Bohol) : Jes. admin., 38, 88. 

Cazor, Juan, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 35, 27. 

Cazorla, Juan de (sec priest) : imprisoned by Pardo, 39, 274. 



182 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cea 

Cea, Duque de. See Gomez de Sandoval y Rojas, Christoval 
Ceballos, Capt Felipe (Span, official): arrives in Manila, 43, 171. 
Ceballos, Capt Pedro de: purchaaea wine monopoly, 47, 1x9. 
Cebreros, Geronimo, S.J.: life and labors, 43, 123. 

Cebu (Cebu, Cebu, C*bu, gebu, Cibu, Cuba, Cubu, Seba, Sebu, Sibu, Sugbu, Zebu, 
Ztbu, Zebu, Zebu, Zibu, Zuba, city in Cebu Is. [9. v.]) — 

Description, etc.: name — called Duldsimo (Duke), Nombre de Jesus, 1, 44, 
36, 53; id. San Miguel (q. v.), 3, X2X, 3, 187, 38, 148; id. Sandsimo Nombre 
de Jesus (q. v.) 9 3, 187, 10, a8x, 282, 13, x8x; id. Nombre de Jesus, 36, xoo; 
San Nicolas, name of town proper, 23, 162; separated from San Nicolas (?• *.), 
162. Location, 1, 44, 4, 70, 13, 179, **>> **i *77. 47. "35 climate good, 33, 
1 6a; soil poor, 38, 177; good port, 16, 1x3; plan (1742), 47, 1x5. 

Population — native settlement at, 36, xoo; first Span, vassals in, 9, xx6; native 
and Chin. (1622), 30, 233; depopulated of natives, 34, 281; reinforcements reach 
Span, in (1567), 3, 130; no. of settlers in (1570; 2d founding), 3, 231, 4, 70; 
Span, in 1586, 7, 42; id. in X599, 11, 87; id. in 1609, 1, 44; id. in 1622* 30, 
233; id. in 1632 and 1634, 36, 264, 265; Span, abandon, 3. 23, 49, 33, 162, 38, 
148, 177, 48, x88, 189; reasons for this, 38, 178, 179; Chin, needed in, 9, 322; 
Chin, in 1595, 13, 276, 277; Chin, inhabit (Parian), 13, 252, 38, X62, 164, 209, 
36, xoo; Lutaos in, 40, 105; total pop. (1903), 33, 162. 

Social and economic relations: first Span, settlement, 1, 44, 3, X2X, X23, 127, 
X28, X36, 14X, 2x3-2x5, 227, 229, 233, 239, 9, xx6, 14, 26x, 13, 47; unimportant, 
4, 70; misnamed "city," 38, 208; extent of its jurisdiction, 5, 45, 49, 59, 63; port 
at, 3, 129, 2xx, 3, 30, 5, 43. 45i 9, "*, *3, ,6a » **, l6 4» 31, SO. 

Trade and commerce — has none, 5, 43; should be port of export, 9 13, 1x7; its 
trade of little value, 33, 162; dependent on, 38, 178; Mor. trade with, 34, 19, 2x6; 
opened to foreign trade, 53, 1x3; its exports, 9, 1x7. Hospitals in, 18, 1x3, 38, 
355, 46, 266, 53, 2x6, 333; no hospital in, 38, 177; Parian in, 34, 1x5, 38, 149, 
(see also above, Chinese pop.); prison, 34, 170; palace, 38, 177; pharmacy in, 
45, 287; Misericordia in, 3x4. 

Defense, etc.: Span, fort and garrison in, 4, xx, 70, 95, 7, 43, 30, 48, 33, 224, 
38, 148, 178, 39, 99, 304, 36, xoo, 38, 109, xxo, 41, xxx, 47t «3, "4 1 "°v*l fleet 
and supplies at, 4, 230, 19, 68, 50, 33, 55; soldiers needed in, 9, 13, 74; cost 
of mil. in, 14, 266; infantry of, sent to Arevalo, 16, 283; Mor. repulsed by 
soldiers of, 39, 99; forces of, inadequate, 41, xxx; easy of reduction, 49, 42, 

Ecc. relations: Mahometan miss's sent to, 4, 151; holy image in, 3, 128, 185, 
225, 227, 13, x8o, x8x, 34, 203, 51, 95, 96 (see also Ecc — images); its patron 
saint, 13, 182 ; seat of epis. see, 38, 148 ; churches in, 7, 43, 18, 237, 30, 233, 34, 
115, 38, 148, 177, 36, 208; priests needed in, 7, 43; priests and sacristans in, 
14, 261; sec priests in, 30, 233, 36, xoo; confraternity in, 3, 121, 31, 288; style 
of convents in, 38, 208; commissary of Inquis. in, 36, 105; benefices in, 30, 233, 
234; first converts at, 3, 140, 141, 9, 116, 34, 220; abp. consecrated in, 51, 303. 

Augustinians — found church and convent (1565), 36, 208; their convents, 3, 
SCO, 7. 43t **, *", *3, 182, 34, X5, 64, 69, 73, X45, X46, X70, 38, X48, X50, 166, 
I77t 357, *9, 264, 36, xoo, 2x0, 4a, X31, 47, «39J various rel. in, 34, 5«, 93. 94, 
35, X59, 38, 340, 39, 264, 36, 2x0, 37, »73, M3, 232, 237, 4*, 13*. *99I •* 
aid from ale-may., 34, xx6, 1x7; see also Aug. 

Franciscans — oppose provisors, 35, 321. 

Jesuits — coll. desired in, 13, 224; coll., residence, and seminary, 1, 44, 11, 



Ccntcno] index 183 

14, 205-307, 13, 23a, 13, 22, 251-355, 318, 17, 203, JO, 233, 234, **, *48, I7», 

177, 36, 100, 2ii, 44, 54, 77, 78; Jes. in, 9, 3", «. 224, "5, 226, 13, «37, 17, 
76, ^4, 1x5, ^9, 29, 36, 53, 55; buried in cathedral, 13, 231; their church, 13, 
45; tee alto Jesuits. 

Recollect — convent in, 31, 14, 191-194, 257, «, 2ix, *4, 15, "4, M4t «45» 

178, 38, 148, 152, 175, 308, 357, 36, 100, 148, 184, 47, 139; Rec "i, **, 215, 36, 

148, 41, 121; chapel given to, 24, 1x4; aid inhab., 1x5; their church repaired, 
38, jo8. 

St John of God in, 38, 148. 

Sitters of charity in, 46, 266. 

See alto Ecclesiastical — see of Ccbu. 

Education: status, 1, 80; seminary in, 45, 228, 231, 297, 46, 266, 267; girls' 
school in, 45, 3x4, 46, 266, 346; agric school in, 45, 3x6; normal school urged, 
46, 70; commission for exam, teachers in, provided, 256, 257. 

Government, etc.: capital of Ccbu Is. and Visay Is., 10, 281, 282, 13, 43, 47, 
1x3; roy. city charter petitioned (1594), 9, 13, 116; officials of, 4, 70, 231, 5, 203, 
7, 4$, 9, "6, XX7, 14, 268, 33, XX7, 34, 3*, *8, 14*, *49, *7*, *79, 3*, 100, 45, 
228; city calx, 3, 203, 7, 43, «, «<H, 36, xoo; offices in, salable, 5, 203, 7, *5, 
86, 11, X04; length of office petitioned for regidors, 9, xx6, 1x7; encomenderot 
in, 7, 42. 

Events in history: Span, attack and sack (1565), 3, 1*0, 128, 184, 185, 2x3, 2x4, 
225, 12, 180; Legazpi founds (1565 and 1570), 3, 231, 233, 4, 70, 38, 148 (see 
also above, social and economic relations) ; mutinies at, 3, 12a, 123, 143, 144, 148, 

149, 34, 19, 2x6, 2x7; Port exped. against, and negot'ns at (1568), 3, 244-329, 
3, 15, 16, 29-31, 46, 49, 113-118, 34, 2x0, 2xx; natives exempted from trib., 5, 
41, 7, 42, 43; assigned to crown, 34, 304; Ribera in, 4, 17, 230; inhab. join in 
exped., 230; Brizefio de Oseguera sent to, 287; granted title of city, 9, xx6; 
petition for ship in, 117; ship despatched from, IO, 269, 270; ship puts in at, 15, 
75; Ronquillo in (1597), 9, 296; annual celebrations held in, 12, 182; exped. 
against Mindanao made from (1626), 22, 117; Corral at in, 118; fires in, 211, 
270, 294, 23, 182, 34, 145, 146, 170, 38, 308; proclamation made in, 34, 164; 
Chaves in, 177; port-capt created in (ca., 1827), 51, 50. 

See also, Philippine Islands: Ccbu (Is. and Prov.) ; Nombre de Jesus; and 

Santisimo Nombre de Jesus. 
Cedula: defined, 53, 258. See Decrees; and Passports. 
Cegado, — : his intentions, 49, 339. 

Cegavia, Licentiate Pedro (Span, official) : collects soldier's pay, 36, 192. 
Cejudo, Bernardo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 85; death, 99; sketch, 108. 
Celebrations: processions, 31, 134, 33, 51, 53, 37, 32a, 33*-33*, 35*, 29, 248, 42, 

166, 198, 45, 25X, 46, 57, 47, 6x. 
Celiboto, Juan (Zambal headman) : appointed, 38, 195. 
Celis, Jose" (Fil. lawyer): aids in inciting sedition, 38, 160; hanged, 2x0. 
Cemeteries. See Funerals and burials. 

Cencay (Chin, city) : identified, 3, 42; called prov., 228. See also Shang-Hai. 
Cencelly, Giovanni (Ital. officer): serves at Manila, 50, 44; exped. entrusted to, 

43, 44; bungles matters, 44; arrested, 47. 
Centellas, Hipolito: collects pay of sold., 36, 190. 

Centeno y Garcia, Jose (civil governor of Manila) : sent to Spain, 53, 174; cited, 161. 
Centeno (Centene) Maldonado, Capt Fernando (Span, officer) : commander of gal- 



184 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Centeno 

Centeno, Maldonado, Capt. Fernando (continued) — 
leys, 18, 276; services commended, 276, 19, 180; in procession, 65; petition 
against, 81; his flagship wrecked, 81, 27, 196; app. ale. (ad interim), 19, 87; 
commands Acapulco gall., ao, 45, 46; his apptrat in N. Espafia, a6, 148; his 
fortune, 148 ; condemned to death, 148 ; a coward, 148, 149. 

Cepada (Cepada, Zepeda) y Carnacedo (Carracedo), Capt Agustin (Agustin, 
Auguttin) de (Span, officer): his brothers, 37, 313, 314; commander of galleys, 
3x3; in Mindanao campaign, 39, 165; in campaign against Dutch, 35, 229, 236, 
245, 247; in Jolo campaign, 41, 28, 285-293; Mor. fear, 320; ov er s e es bldg. of 
•hip» 37i 350, 251; governs J0I6, 41, 286; governs Zamboanga, 294, 3x0, 320; 
governs Moluccas, 3x0; app. admiral, 35, 245; imprisoned, 37, 28; hostile to, and 
conspires against Salcedo, 25, 27, 58, 262, 263; member of Misericordia, 47, 
28; death, 41, 320; sketch, 43, 169; characterized, 35, 229, 247. 

Cera Diego: makes first wool cards in Phil., 53, 3x6. 

Ceramics: Aug. found school of, 46, 362. See also Earthenware. 

Cerda, Benito de la (encomendero) : encomienda assigned to, 34, 307, 31a 

Cerda, Josef a de la (wife of Oidor P. de Bolivar) : imprisoned and exiled, 39, 136 ; 
death, 145. See also Mor an de la Cueva, Josef a. 

Cerda, Tomas Antonio Manrique de la. See Manrique de la Cerda. 

Cerdan (Zerdan), Antonio Sanchez. See Sanchez Cerdan. 

Cerda Sandoval Silva y Mendoza, Gaspar de la, conde de Galve (Gal vex, viceroy of 
Mez., 1688-95) : official acts, 39, 300, 43, 303, 309, 45, 62; term of office, 42, 45; 
sketch, 278; despatches sent to, 44, 229. 

Cerezo (Cerecp, Cereso, Zereco, Zerezo) de (y) Salamanca, Juan (gov. [ad interim] 
of Phil., 1633-35): arrives in Manila, 34, 286; his policy toward China, 25; 
seeks friendship of Japan, 287; recommends abandonment of forts, 25; arrests 
royal officials, 301; embarrassed by new ordinances, 302; apptmts. by, 335, 337, 
*5» 178, 308, 3x6, 26, 282, 37, 26; commends Arce, 26, 337; Jes. petition, 215, 
87, 88; constructs and garrisons Zamboanga fort, 88, X05, 39, 97, 118; aids 
widows, 34, 324; his actions in ecc matters, 25, 226-229, 26, 1x7, 1x9, 131, 132, 
143, 144, 38, 28; authorizes paym't of sold., 26, 151, 176-193; ^enforcements 
sent by, 27, 42; prepares trading ships, 29, 53, 74; present to, 35, 302; permits 
enslavement of barbarians, 44, 58; sketch, 17, 291. Letter reports to Felipe IV — 
on various branches of govt (Aug. 14, 1633; three), 34, 24, 25, 279-294, 339; 
extract from one and comments, 25, 130, 131; on various branches of govt. 
(Aug. xo, 1634; four), 214, 25, 26, 3<>x-337, 339J cited, 25, 44t *<*» **3. *7, 10, 
36, 47-49, 251. Letter to Guerrero, 25, 226-230. Letter from Felipe IV (Mar. 
xo, 1634), cited, 25, 39, 40. Navada Alvarado's memorial to, m-144. 

Ceriani, Antonio, S.J. (prefect of Biblioteca Ambrosiana) : thanked, 12, 25, 53, 54. 

Ceril (Mindanao rancheria) : Guiangas inhabit, 43, 230, 278. 

Cerralvo (Cerralbo, Cerralbo), Marquis de. See Pacheco y Osorio, Ridrigo. 

Cerrabe (Cerrabi, Cerravi, Zerrabe), Diego de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 1 1, 308, 
309, 31X, 24, 3», 32. 

Cerreno de Valdes, Capt Antonio (commandant of Formosa) : receives Chin, envoy, 
32, 200. 

Cerrido, Hernando (Span, official) : receives sailors' pay, 26, 192. 

Cerro, Pedro, O.S.A.: enlists miss's, 42, 295. 

Cersali, Fabricio, S.J.: arrives in Phil., 13, 118. 

Certificates: issued to skilled farmers and surveyors, 45, 3x7; baptismal, 46, 89, 
187, 208; medical, 187. See also Education; and Passports. 



Chamorros] INDEX 185 

Cervantes, Father — (sec priest): engages in trade, 8, 256. 

Cervantes (Zervantes) Altamirano, Dr. Jos6 (Joseph) de (Span, capt and oidor) : 
app. oidor, 39, 136, 4 3, 259; petition referred to, 39, 139; ordered not to plead 
in sec courts, 168; intrigues for Pardo, 231; the gov.'s favorite, 235, 240; Dom. 
favor, 235, 240; condemned to death, 238; his nephew app. schoolmaster, 292; 
his character, 238. 

Cervantes (Zervantes) Altamirano (or Altamirano y Cervantes), Dr. Jos6 (cleric 
and lawyer, nephew of preceding): receives apptmts., 39, 292, 44, 144; returns 
to sec life, 42, 186. 

Cervantes, Andres de (interpreter) : official act, 5, 189-191. 

Cervantes, Juan Guerra de. See Guerra Cervantes. 

Cervantes, Pablo de (sold.) : his pay, 36, 180. 

Cesar, Julio, S. S.: Siamese kill, 29, 38. 

Cespedes, Gregorio, S.J.: dies in Japan, 33, 31. 

Cespedes, Marina de: gives alms to rel., 30, 139; chapel dedicated to, 139; her 
piety, 141. 

Cetina, Dr. — (bp.) : licenses Leonardo de Argensola's Conguisia, 16, 2x7. 

Cevicos (Cevicos, Cevicos), Juan (sec priest, member of Manila ecc cab.): 
presents decree, 19, 80, 81; attempts to clear officials of blame, 125; Serrano 
commends, 30, 82, 33, 10, 47 ; excommunicated, 21, 70, 71 ; official acts, so, 104, 
105, 31, 68, 69. Letter to Felipe IV (Dec 20, 1627), 33, 17, 168-177, 322; report 
to Felipe IV, cited, 31, 100, xox. 

Ceynos, Dr. — (oidor of Mexico) : official act, 3, 297. 

Chacon, — (Span, minister) : official act, 45, 24a 

Chacon, Cosme (Span, artilleryman) : his deposition, 36, 112, 1x3. 

Chacon, Fernando (Span, officer) : commands trading-fleet, 44, 287, 292, 304. 

Chacon, Francisco: acts as witness, 4, 169, 17a 

Chacon, Garci Sierras. See Sierras Chacon. 

Chacon, Geronimo de (citizen of N. Espana) : goods consigned to, 39, 301. 

Chacon, Capt Lorenco (Span, officer) : in campaign against Limahon, 4, 30, 38, 39, 
6, 107; encomienda granted to, 4, 104; makes exped. to Tuy, 14, 281, 34, 259. 

Chagoya, Domingo Ortiz de. See Ortiz de Chagoya. 

Chagra, Gregorio, O.S.F.: complaints against, 53, 236. 

Chaien (Chin, viceroy) : prophecies occur in his province, 18, 2x2. 

Chains: gold, 4, 162, 9, 298, IO, 78, 13, 156, X59i 18, 95, 33, 53, 30, 193, 34, 257, 
36, 201, 37, 49, 40, 97, 285, 291; iron, 13, 95, 31, 128; brass, 34, 55 J «» presents, 
3, 277, 13, 156, 159, 18, X48, 31, 256, 34, 296, 40, 97; given as pledge, 9, 298; 
used as fetters, 13, 95, 31, 128; Camarines make, 18, 95; Fil. wear, 40, 62, 63; 
Fil. make, 285, 291; Monteses use, 43, 301; collegians wear, 19, 65; used in 
festival, 33, 53, 58; as sign of mourning, 30, 193; as pepance, 31, 243, 264, 33, 
178, 290; a nautical instrument, 33, 3x9; in barter, 34, 55; Legazpi owns, 2x9. 

Chaldea (ancient country of Asia): San Miguel in, 31, xx6; language of, taught in 
Salamanca Univ., 8, 164. 

Chambi: 18, 107. See Jambi. 

Chametla (prov.) : location, 16, 205. 

Chamorros (Ladrones), Polynesian natives of Ladrones (Marianas) Is. (q. v.): 
etymology and origin of name, 3, 125; habitat, 53, 336; origin, 6, 141; abandon 
Guam, 38, 13, 261; use sign lang., 1, 322; lang. bears resemblance to that of 
other is., 43, 118; easy, 6, 140; Urdaneta uses, 3, 109; sailor knows, 37, 257; 
Jes. preach in, 44, 87; vocabulary, 3, 125, 126. Described, 35, 86, 6, 138, 10, 



186 THE Philippine islands [Chamorros 

Chamouum (continued) — 
a6a, 33, 97-«>j, 34, »7» 38, »5^» 41, 5*; *fcw of, 38, «57; thievish and dishonest, 
I, 28, 3, no, in, 198-200, 6, 141, 142, 33, 137, »3*. 33, 16, 95, 34, 3*7! 
treacherous, 3, 112, 200, 6, 140; go naked, 3, 198, 6, 138, 139, 16, 201, 33, 158, 
*9, 3*o, 34, 3«7J lawless, J, 199; brutish, 3, 34; barbarous, 34, 9, aa6; expert 
swimmers and sailors, 6, 141, 142, 16, 84, 33, 138, 38, 260, 261; tractable and 
kindly, 10, 262, ii, 285; color teeth, 1 J, 187; ignorant, 15, 238; anoint body and 
hair, 33, 99; mode of life, 3, 1x3, 199, 33, 97; their condition, 3, 34; heathens, 
6, 141, 10, 262; demon worship, 6, 141; have no religion, 33, 97; weapons, a, 
35, «o, 3, 19a, 6, X39, 39, x68, 33, 99 J have no lances, 3, 192; fear firearms, 
33, X38; clothing, 3, xio; food, 3, 19a, 6, 139, 213, X37, 33, 99, 38, 255; boats, 
6, X4X, 13, Sox, 16, 20X, 202, 33, »3*, *39 (view), 141, 39, 171, 310, 33, 9* 
(view), 99, 322, 38, 256-260; use palm mats, 3, no, 6, 140; dwellings, 3, 115, 
33, 99, 38, 261; esteem iron and glass, 6, 139, 16, 201, 34, 3x8; occupations, 
6, 139, 140, 16, 20X, 202, 29, 3x0, 33, 99, Saa; penalties among, 6, 139; marriage 
customs, 139, 33, 141. Women — described, 3, xxo, 33, 138, 33, 97, 99; go almost 
naked, 97; bewail dead, 97. Have no king, 6, 139; wars among, 139, 14a 
Hostile to Magalhies, 33, 95, 97; steal boat from M., 322; M. attacks, 322; 
hostile to and kill Span., 3, 112, 200; Span, attack and punish, xxx, 112, 125, 
199, 200; trade with Span., xxo, xxx, 16, 201 (see also Com.) ,* sent to N. Espafta, 
3, xx2, 200; Span, give presents to, 15, 259; aid shipwrecked Span., 39, 168, 169; 
Fran. miss, among, 10, 262; easily converted, 11, 285; roy. lands distributed 
among, 5a, 33& 

Champa (Champa, Champan, Chanpa, Chanpan, Chiempa — also called Tsiampa, 
Malay province, today part of An am) : identified, 9, 198, 34, 171 ; location, 7, 
X42, 9, 198, 2x9, 303, 37, XX4, 39, 303, 34, 13*, «7«; key to Cochinchina, 9, 303; 
lies in trade route, 10, 242, 244, 15, 161; its importance, 9, 198, 15, i6x; hs 
products and exports, 19, 3x7, 37, 96, 39, 303; mortuary customs in, 10, 237, 240; 
natives of, in Manila, 37, 82; natives are pirates and Mahometans, 1x4; their 
characteristics, 33, 267; name of ruler, 34, 161; a cruel pirate, 9, 162, 198, 10, 
x8, 236-244, 15, x6x, 33, 267; seizes ambassadors, 15, 152; a usurper, 278; hostile 
to Europeans, 9, 162, 31, X76; conquest easy, 9, 303; Span, exped. proposed 
and justifiable, 15, 198,* 199, 201, 303, 10, 18, 15, X46, X47, x6x, 37, 1x4, 31, 175; 
army from, fights Cambodians, 15, 146; Malays cause trouble in, 147, 278; Span, 
ships in and coast, 182, 33, 191 ; Dutch ships in, 18, 7a 

Champion, Capt — (Brit officer) : takes possession of Cavite, 49, 99. 

Chanayu: Jap. tea-house, 9, 36. 

Chanchain (Tartar leader [?]): kills prince, 18, 210. 

Chanchian (Chin, mandarin) : writes to Acufia, 13, 87-94. 

Chandomar (Jap. seaport) : Cobo in, 9, 35. 

Chao Ju-kua (Chao-Yu-Kua, Chin, geographer and author): sketch, 34, 183, 184 
Description of Phil, (excerpt of his geography), x6, 185-191; bibliog., 183, 
184, 451; cited, 31, 241. 

Chapelle (Most Rev. P. L.) : papal delegate in Phil., 53, 168. See also Books. 

Chapels. See Ecc: Churches. 

Charavia, — (Span, sold.): commended, 7, 15a 

Charcoal: excellent, made in Phil., 6, 302; native belief regarding, 31, 199, 200; 
as fuel, 39, 30; burners, 16, 31. 

Charities. See Alms; and Manila: Misericordia. 



Chcrita-tulis] INDEX 187 

Charles, Dom: baptismal name of Humabon, 33, 336. See also Carlo. 

Charles V (emperor of Germany) : his appellation, 1, 26, 39 ; his election as 
emperor, 352, 33, 275; head of Holy Roman Empire, 11, 168; his motto, 15, 37; 
grants Malta to Order of St John, 3, 26, 33, 274; is. named for, 21 200. See 
also Carlos I, and note, p. — . 

Charles II (king of Eng.) : India trade injured by, 45, 52. 

Charles VI (king of France) : desires general ecc council, 1, 169. 

Chartow: son of Mindanao sultan, 46, 47. 

Chaud (India) : Port post, 43, 175. 

Chautt: 33> 23a See Cauit 

Chauni, Agustin de, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 34, 149; miss, to Japan, 174. 

Chavarria, Francisco, O.S.F.: describes conversion of Celebes, 35, 123. 

Chavarria, Serg. Juan de: attends council, 4, 206. 

Chave (vilL in India [?]) : trades with Macan, 8, 175. 

Chaves, Capt Alfonso (Span, officer) : signs petition, 6, 240. 

Chaves (Chabez) Cafiizares, Capt Diego de (Span, officer): in Mindanao cam- 
paign, 9, 2S2, 283, 296, 297, 298, 10, 42, 16, 273; constructs fort, 9, 297; badly 
wounded, 297; Ronquillo consults, 298; loses leg, 282, 283; commandant of fort, 
282, 283; pacifies Cagayan, 10, 170; ale-may. of Cagayan, 216. 

Chaves, Lieut Gaspar de (Span, officer) : in J0I6 campaign, 41, 287. 

Chaves (Chave), Joan Martinez de. See Martinez de Chaves. 

Chaves, Adm. Joseph de (Span, encomendero) : opposes Rcc., 41, 173. 

Chaves, Juan de (servant of G. Perez Dasmarinas) : slain, 16, 200. 

Chaves (Chavez), Capt Juan de (Span, officer): punishes Caragas, 34, 177, 252; 
negotiates with Joloans, 37, 225 ; in Moro campaign, 35, 80, 8z ; commands Ccbu 
fleet, 8a, 81, 89; operations against Dutch, 268, 269, 274; commands gall., 37, 
168, 233. 

Chaves, Capt Pedro de (Span, officer): arrives in Manila (1574), 3, 283; in cam- 
paign against Limahon, 4, 38, 39, 6, 107, 113; in various campaigns against 
natives, 7, 123, 135, 10, 169, 2x6, 15, 54, 102, 23, 202, 34, 24, 286, 287; attends 
council, 9, 122; hires Chin., 13, 109, 13, 285; names N. Caceres, 12, 202; 
angered at Jes., 14, 328 ; founds convent of St Clare, 35, 295, 296 ; his son, 33, 
57; his wife, 30, 139, 35, 295, 296. Official acts, 6, 230, 9, 94, 132, 136; as 
witness, 21, 161. 

Chaves, Pedro de (son of preceding) : takes part in procession, 33, 57. 

Chaves, Pedro de, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 35, 27; sent to Batavia, 149; impris- 
oned, 160; sketch, 160, 161. 

Chazuma (Jap. prov.) : Cobos in, 9, 31, 32. 

Chechili de Roiz (Checchily de Roix, Chechideroiz) : son of Abuleis, 33, 259, 261, 
3*4* 34, 57, 59. 

Chechili Momuli (Checchily Momoly, Checheli-Momuli) : son of Abuleis, 33, 259, 
364. 

Chechilin Cathara (Checchilin Catara) : son of Abuleis, 33, 259, 364. 

Che-Kiang (Chin, prov.) : cities in, 3, 41. 

Chelin (dist on Malabar coast) : location and inhab., 34, 139. 

Chencbew: 3, 41. See Chincheo. 

Cheney, James W. (librarian) : thanked, 53, 54. 

Cherino, Luis Velez. See Velez Cherino. 

Chcrita-tulis: etymology, 33, 252. 



1 88 the PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chersonesus 

Chersonesus, Golden (Aurei) : appellation of Malacca (q. «r.), i, 305; Port it, 

309; Sumatra included in, 40, 307. 
Chests: with three keys, 5, 295, 297, aa, 159, 45, 224, 228, 229 (see also Exchequer, 

etc) ; used in forts and galleys, 4, 116, ao, 219; in Magalhaes's exped., 33, 36*3; 

money stored in, 34, 257; in ship's cargo, 39, 301; in Com., 10, 193. See also 

Boxes. 
Chetisqnuga, Raia: ruler of Chin, prov., 34, 139. 
Chialin: son of Abuleis, 33, 259, 364. 
Chialinchechilin : son of Abuleis, 33, 365. 
Chiapas (Chiapa, Chiappa, formerly prov. and city of Guatemala, now state of 

Mexico): location, 5, 200; pepper raised in, 45, 72. See also Ecclesiastical — 

see of Chiapa. 
Chicago (III.) : Philippics in, 53, 42, 43. 

Chican (Chicin, Chin, resident in Manila) : envoy to Acufia, 16, 292, 293; slain, 39. 
Chicananen (vill. in Luzon) : submits to Span., 14, 286. 
Chienchii: islanders, 34, 137; identified, 173. 
Chiericati, Francesco (papal legate in Spain): his dignities, 33, 27; Pigafetta 

accompanies, 273; sketch, 275. 
Chile (former Span, prov., now an independent nation): location, 34, 338; own 

Easter Is., 43, 119; birds of, 33, 298; has lieut-gov., 9, 157; candidate for gov., 

** % 30; decrees and regulations sent to, and rdg., 9, 157, 17, 178, 27, 234, 235, 

241, 51, 146; Drake coasts, 11, 149; Claasz abandoned near, 152; Dutch cot*, 

152, 232; scientists in, 51, 76. 
Chile (Ternatan chief [?]) : hostile to Span., ** % 7a 
Chi-Li (Chin, prov.) : location, 9, 44. 
China (Great Chiina, Great China, Cina, Sinae, empire in Asia) — 

General description, etc: name, origin and meaning, 4, 50, 47, 233, 234; its 

Chin, names, 4, 50, 33, 220, 237, 47, 234; other names, 1, 210, 34, 339; Chin, 

conceptions rdg., 47, 234. 
Location: identified, 1, 209, 210; location (distances from, and to, virion! 

places, etc.), 209, 210, a, 214, 227, 3, 5*, 7*. **«, 204, 205, 224, 243, 284, 298, 

299, 302, 4, 50, 53, 54, 60, "o, H7, 5, 26, 6, 96, 102, 205, 7, 39, "3, i*4 

142, 213, 221, 9, 2x9, 303, 304, 3*o, 10, 46, 199, «, *9i, 203, 205, 14, 46, 15, 

143, 299, 16, 226, 234, 18, 165, JJ, 74, J3, 80, 134, 192, J4, 150, 277, 321, 37, 
64, 31, 25, 34, 31, «3«, 27«, 339, 376, 384, 409, 35, 39, *4, 320, 36, 190, 197, 
40, 316; supposed to be near N. France, a, 87; partly in Span, demarcation, I, 
27, 309, 310, 3, 72, 4, 10, 62, 36, 267, 4>, 137, 198; is. near and belonging to, 

3, 298, 9, «4, «, 177, 15, 165, 3a, 191, 215, 34, 23, 227, 271; bounded by 
Tartary, 4, 53; strait separates, from Amer., 9, 308; N. W. passage to, sought, 
9, 314; within jurisdiction of Man. Aud., 27, 78; extent and size, 3, 205, 211, 
227, 4, 50, 61, 6, 197, 223, 7, 202, 221, 14, 46, 19, 246, J3, 192, 193, 269, 34, 
277, 30, 239, 34, 227, 39, 122, 43, 150; size exaggerated, 4, 61; compared to 
Span prov., 14, 46, 47; maps and charts (presented and cited), 3, 24, 2x8, 284, 

4, 93, 9, 7, 305, «, 90, J4, 151, 39, 69. 

Further description, etc: various persons describe, 3, 21, 42, 4, xo, 50, 6, 152, 
15, 179, 33, 239, 34, 131-137, 37. 18; climate, 3, 212, 4, 5*, 34, 278, 40, 211; 
mts. in, 6, 152, 9, 309; healthful, 6, 220; wooded, 9, 309; has good coast, 15, 
177; many riv. in, 179; shoals near, 34, 227; beautiful, 47, 234; wealthy, fertile, 
3, 206, 228, 4, 52, 5, 26; civilized, 3, 41; many towns in, 6, 2x6, 15, 179; 
peaceable, 23, 269, 270. 



hina] INDEX 189 

Population: densely populated, 3, 211, 247, 4, 51, 53, 58, 6, 92, 126, 210, 211, 
21$, 226, 302, 9, "2, "3, 16, I94t 17, 320, 23, 193, 269, *4, 264, 277, 278, 26, 
140, 30, 216, 31, *i4t 34, 227, 36, 252, 253, 38, 100, 48, 3*5. 51, 254, 5*, 
123; contains many populous cities, 3, 247; more numerous than in Ger., 4, 50; 
wealth dependent upon, 6, 211. 

Social and economic: an important country, 3, 41, 40, 316; compared to Spain 
and the Indies, 3, 299; wealthy and well supplied, 72, 206, 228, 229, 247, 299, 

5, 26, 6, 90, 91, 197, 211, 213, 218, 220, 223, 224, 280, 282, 7, 202, 225, 15, 172, 
*77» z 79> 299, 23, 193, 34, 227; products (animal, vegetable, manufactured, etc), 
I, 69, a, 116, 3, 7*. 212, 4, 4«i 5*. 52, 53. 54, 5, 169, 6, 16, 68, 223, 
224, 280, 282, 286, 287, 7, 34, 35, 227, 8, 79-83, 244, 10, 231, 233, 15, "I, 112, 
143, 302, 16, 89, 90, 91, 234, 17, 237, 238, 19, 69, 314, 315, **, 193, 279, 280, 
*3» 193, *7, 93, 94, 97. H«, *9, 3<>7, 33, i$i, 354, 34, 59, 285, 35, 302, 3<>3, 
3*, 249, 38, 21, 4*, 149, 44, 267, 47, 167, 49, 33, 50, 48, 49, 50, 52, 51, 53, 
239, 254, 52, 370 (see also Earthenware; and Textiles: silk; and below, exports) ; 
has most of products of Spain, 4, 52, 53; European products lacking in, 3, 229, 
7, 202; products cheap, 202, 50, 50; mines and minerals in, 4, 54, 74, 99, 6, 197, 
218, 224, 7, 63, 89, 10, 49, 17, 237, 18, 156, 176, 177, 19, 3x5, 35, 301, 50, 

107, 108; an agric. country, 6, 218; rich in agric, 223; its granaries, 51, 157; 
printing in, 3, 206, 30, 231; its industrial development, 6, 224; copper-smelting 
in, 301; its fisheries, 22, 191, 215; land rents in, 4, 51; land cheap in, 54; labor 
cheap in, 16, 194, 51, 254; living cheap in, 32, 27; highwaymen numerous in, 
4, 51; pirates in, 14, 46, 22, 18, 197, 23, 48, 35, 177; schools needed in, 6, 
215, 220, 221; education in, 7, 238; classes of people in, 19, 44; roy. marriages 
io» 34, 135 (see also Limahon; Kue-sing; and Tsongching). 

Commerce and trade relations: has extensive trade, 3, 41, 212, 36, 257; im- 
portant trade center, 15, 172; has no trade with foreign nations, 14, 46; water- 
ways used for, 15, 179; mdse. sold by wt, 7, 88; wts. used in, 15, 179, 18, 142; 
duties on goods from, 7, 200, 51, 233 (proposed); duties in, enormous, 157; 
rebate in duties on goods from, 232; profits low in, 16, 194; prices in, 6, 282, 286, 
7, 225, 14, 214, 19, 314, 315, 24, 287, 25, 130; exports, 2, 116, 142, 3, 58, 204, 

6, 150, 171, 202, 206, 217, 287, 302, 7, 156, 8, 85, 11, 70, no, hi, 275, 15, 
303, 305, 16, 88-90, 176, 178-180, 223, 228, 234, 17, 20, 106, 18, 17, 58-61, 
64, 108, 175, 177, 179, 19, 291, 304-306, 24, 324, 25, I2I » "3. *9, 296, 306, 
3<>7, 34, 23, 187, 189, 35, 302, 36, 259, 42, 118, 119, 149, 44, 255, 257, 258, 
261, 267, 287, 47, 185, 50, 154, 51, 127, 154, 167; imports, 16, 103, 104, 106, 
17, 334, 18, 58-60, 19, 312, 313, 34, 271, 38, 31, 43, 218, 44, 285, 47, 257, 
SO, 54, 51, 150, 154, 53, 316; opium trade, 51, 3*, 37, x 5*, *59, 252; absorbs 
money of com. (gold and silver, chiefly the latter), 6, 169, 2x8, 245, 262, 269, 
280, 282, 289, 7, 202, 8, 88, 9, 316, 10, 145, 192, 12, 67, 14, 19, 50, 214, 16, 
177, 226, 17, 9, 19, 237, 313, 20, 130, 22, 172, 271, 23, 15, 193, 194, *4, 292, 
*7, 148-150, 29, 71, 78, 82, 30, 55, 56, 43, 149, 48, 316, 49, 3io, 51, 273; 
Span, in Phil, and natives have trade with, 3, 25, 155, 172, 180, x8x, 296, 4, 
88, 6, 279-289, 7, 34, 199-204, 8, 78-95, 253, 9, 14, 10, 16, 191, 11, no, in, 
14, 189, 214, 215, 15, 53, M* 17, «2, 113, 248, 319, 18, 9, 17, 18, 101, 162, 
175, *79, 180, 194, 249, 275, 293, 294, 19, 69, 85, 94, 192, 200, 238, 247, 304, 
30, 44, 129, 130, 21, 128, 22, 12, 15, 48, 89, 141, «43, 270, 271, 23, 15, 4*, 

108, 162, 24, 23, 149, 208, 279, 287, 319, 322, 29, 39, 34, 298, 377, 35, 157, 
177, 37, 276, 42, x8o, 204, 49, 144; Span, outlook for trade with, 3, 58; Sande 
desires trade with, 4, 60; trade with slight, 88; Phil, dependent on, 6, 26, 259, 



190 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [China 

China (continued) — 

260, 7, 120, 9, 3*6, M, 53, 36, H9» 4*, H9J trade with Phil, abolished, 6, 79, 
284; trade open only to Span, in Phil., 7, 153; restrictions imposed on, and 
recommended, 263, 264, 12, 55, 75, 13, 256, 25, 137, 138; communication furthered 
by, 8, 174, 175, 177; Span, request trade in, 9, 113, 261, 262; Span, ship sent to, 
10, 16, 191, 199, 200; ships from, in Manila, 234, ao, 44, 129, 130, 33, 48; 
trade of, depends on Acapulco galleon, 51, 240; loss of trade with, feared, 
13, 17; with Phil., menaced, 18, 75, 76, J J, 17, 168, 171; declines, 99, 24, 23, 
287, 25, 130, 37, 214, 261 ; discussed, 12, 61-67, 14, 215-220, 228-231 ; advantages 
to China in, 50, 51, 240; advantages to Phil., 23, 192; premium upon, 28, 
298; means of increasing Phil, trade with, 51, 157; trade with China urged, 
259; regulations concerning, 1, 62, 63, 17, 11, 27-29, 32-34, 41-44; trade 
with, prohibited in N. Espafia, 1, 62, 66, 6, 263, 307, 308, 8, 310; trades with 
N. Espafia, 7, 9, 215, 13, 65, 18, 156; trade with N. Espafia undesirable, 7, 12, 
120; trade of, with W. Indies prohibited, 199, 201, 202, 8, 316-318, 17, 29; trade 
with S. Amer. prohibited, 1, 62; Peruvians desire trade with, 12, 64; trade of, 
with Spain, 19, 312; Spain has no trade with, 49, 310; Port trade with, 3, 40, 
7, 201, 202, 8, 180, 12, 51, 18, 201, 19, 306-314, 22, 182; trade with, reserved 
for Port, 7, 203; gains from Port trade, 25, 130; trades with Japan, 3, 204, 9, 
49, 42, 149; forbids trade with Japan, 14, 43; Joloan trade with, 4, 175, 43, 
164, 49, 41 ; Dutch threaten and harass trade of, 15, 206, 17, 255, 260, 269, 271, 
275, 278, 18, 162, 19, 236; Dutch gain silk trade of, 17, 251; king of, will 
prohibit Dutch trade in, 2 a, 99; trades with Siam, 193; trades with Formosa, 
35, 136; Eng. trading-ships in, 3*, 269, 43, 177, 49, 43 J ports opened to 
Europeans (1685), 48, 320; would welcome American trade, 49, 27. 

Defenses, etc.: mil. stores in, 3, 42, 12, 17; forts and garrisons, 225-227, 247, 
4, 57, 58, 6, 195, 17, 319, 320, 34, 227; the great wall, 4, 61, 6, 152, 34, 227; 
Europeans endeavor to subject, 3, 15; the Tartar invasion and conquest, 313, 
18, 19, 207-213, 19, 42-47, a*, 197, 198, *4, 300, 35, 18, 251, 252, 36, 250-253, 
37, 261; Limahon's depredations, and expedition against, 4, 24, 45, 47 [t. e. 46], 
6, 94-96, 105, xo8, in, 1x2 (see also Limahon) ; often invaded by pirates, 4, 24; 
Jap. hostile to, 6, 309, 8, 260, 262, 9, 49, 50, 15, 198; Jap. make peace with 
(1605), 14, 138; wars in, 7, 14, 120, 14, 14; rebellion feared in, 12, 105; 
rebellion planned, 156; rebellions, 22, 197, 35, 14, 177, 36, 248-251, 38, 100, 
42, 150; mandarins of, hostile to Span., 13, 289; army raised in, 14, 53; Dutch 
ravage and threaten, 15, 309, 23, 96, 24, 221, 336; Dutch seek friendship of, 
16, 302; hostile to Dutch, 19, 29a 

Relations with foreigners: foreigners admitted reluctantly, 3, 211; not admitted 
to, X5, 228, 4, 59, 6, 130, X3X, 7, 213, 23, 236, *7, 95, 3*, i*9, 34, 321, 
51, 208; imprisoned, 7, 2x3; admitted, 2x4, 32, 27; law rdg., 26-28, 188. 

Portuguese — discover China, 12, 177, 29, 278; Port in, I, 309, 6, 200, 8, 183, 
9, 308, 17, 125, 18, 197, 22, 119, 24, 141 (see also Macao) ; not allowed in, 

3, 42, 7, 79, 10, 232, 15, 170; none in (1576), 4, 65; claim, 3, 45, 15, I77J 
misrepresent, 7, 2x4, 2x6, 2x7; their route to, 9 3x3; resist efforts of Span, to 
enter, 10, 231-233; vassals of, 18, 197, 201. 

Spaniards — various Span, write rdg., 3, x6, 20, 249, 3x2; Salazar corrects his 
statements rdg., 7, 2x8, 2x9; Span, tempted by its wealth, 3, 21; conquest and 
exploration urged and planned, 20, 26, 42, 206, 2x5, 2x8, 247, 293, 3x2, 3x3, 

4, 10, X4, 58-65, 90, 9«, 94, *45, *4*, 5, 10, 26, 6, 22-24, *97, 2x3, 2x4, 2x6, 226, 



?hina] INDEX 191 

9, 13, 10, 173, 17, 3*9> 34, *3, **7, 228, 269, 270; easy of conquest, 4, 591 Span. 
conquest justified, 6, 199, 200, 214-216; will forestall French or Eng. occupation, 
226; have no designs on, 309, 310; conquest unjust, 7, 217, 218, 238; Span. 
exped. to, attempted (1596), 9, 18, 265, 266; L. Perez Dasmarinas stranded on 
coast of, 10, 17, 216, 217, 232-234, 15, 165-182, 31, 12, 113; Zamudio in, 10, 
231, 232; Silva's exped. to, aa, 14, 116, 119; exped. from, feared, ia, 145, 13, 
325; Span, ships in, or planned for, 6, 247, 7, 73, 74, 10, 49, 268; ships pro- 
hibited from, 22 t 145; Span, policy rdg., 4, 94; alliance and friendship with, 
urged, 9, 49, 206; Felipe II advised to write to, 9, 113; gov. write to, 4, 
91, 23, 236 ;* Span, ambassadors and envoys to, advised and planned, and in, 

3, 52, 6, 85, 87, 8, 304, 9, «5» 203-206, 265, 266, 10, 199, ia, 17, 156, 157, 
198, 13, 222, U, I4t *3*. *37» 15, 61, 77, 78, 16, 264, 23, 236, 31, 10, 75. 
76 189, 3a, 26, 27, 34, 26, 313, 37, 152, 5a, 29; ambassadors from, in Manila, 
36, 247-249; presents sent to, or urged for, 4, 46 [i. *., 47], 9, 113; presents 
tent to Span, from, 22, 143; open to Span., 8, 176, 177; Span, port in, desirable, 
9» 313; given port in, 10, 231, 267, 268, 17, 319; no Span, in, 7, 233; Port 
desire their exclusion from, 14, 19; scandal against Span, spreads in, 19, 258; 
expelled from, a9, 15, 150 (see also below, Ecc) ; Span, fort near, 22, 99; 
friendly to Span., 27, "4, 30, 31, 55, 48, 316; Span, sold into, 33, 342; future 
trouble expected from, 5a, 18, 67. 

French — Span, occupation will forestall, 6, 226; envoys, 4a, 136 (see also 
below, Ecc). 

English — Span, occupation will forestall, 6, 226; ships in, 16, 300, 47, 231. 
Dutch in, 17, 15, 146; news of, sent to, ao, 109; squadron in, 47, 233. Jap. 
slaves in, 18, 62. See also above, Com. 

Ecclesiastical: few temples in, 4, 51; many heathen priests in, 6, 127; priest 
converted, 127, 128; not easy of conversion, 195; the religious, an uncertain 
factor, 7, 222; idol a tors in, 232 (see also Heathens); heathen sent back to, 14, 
51, 52; rites in, influenced by those of Camboja, 3a, 168. Nestorian Chris, in, 

4, 57, 22, 18, 198, 199, 4a, 198, 199; Jap. Chris, in, 3a, 189; Port claim ecc 
patronage of, 4a, 151; included in ecc prov. of Phil., 5, 201, 30, 160, 53, 11; 
Span, conquest to be miss'y, 6, 22, 23, 209, 2x2, 2x3, 7, 2x9, 220, 238 ; evangeliza- 
tion to be effected by arms, 2x3, 2x4, 29, 38, 44, 79; evang'n aid by com. 
and presents, 8, 14, 304, 9, 204, 206; ready for evang'n, aa, 126; evang*n must 
be guided by reason, 176; excellent hope for, 23, 173; much labor necessary in, 
227; miss, of, depend on Phil., 1, 49; good miss, field, 6, 197, 198, 2x4, 224, 
226, 235, 257, 16, 230; mendicant orders empowered to send miss's to, 24, 264, 
26$; friars desire to enter, 6, X94-X97, 9, 13, *o, 79, 36, 267, 42, *7» «9*J 
doted to miss's (by Chin, and Span, authorities), 6, 195-197, 9, 18, a8, 10, 67, 
*3*. 30, 124; miss's in, 4, 90, 6, X30, 7, "8, 37t 12, 74, 4*, I5«i 294; miss ' 8 
enter by way of Macao; enter without permission, 7, 171, 172, 9 250, 251; miss's 
not harmed in, 7, 222; miss's exiled from, 29, 37; decrees rdg. miss's to, a8, 67, 
70, 71; laws against Chris, in, and persecutions, 6, 208, 18, 19, 206-208, 19, 9, 
47, 48, 24, 273, 29, xo, 37; encouraging progress of Chris, in, aa, x8, 196, 300, 
SOi, 23, 48, 49, a9, 37, 38, 41, 42, 32, 85, 86, 35, mi, i77» *7*; rtl supplies 
sent to miss's, 28, xx, 70, 37, 120; controversy over Chin, rites, 28, 1x8, 35, 
291 ; seminary in Manila for conversion of heathen, 28, 120 ; ruler aids miss., 29, 
10; ruler converted, 150; apostolic resolutions regarding miss's, 37, 84; bishops, 
9, 149, 30, 156, 43, i4» «36, 137. 2x1-2x3; papal legate of (Tournon), 17, 294, 



192 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [China 

China (continued) — 
38, 118, 44, 143; commis'y of Inquis. in, 39, 37; priests of Propagande Fide in, 

4*, 139- 

Augustinian miss, and work — claim first right to, 34, 382; desire and en- 
deavor to enter, 6, 126-133, 34, 173, 174; forbidden to enter, 6. 17, 127, isS; 
enter and work there, 4, 62, 6, 17, 85, 86, no, 123, 124* 129, 144, 7, 214, 
9, 113, 15, 61, 33, 16, 202, 236-239, 38, 357, 37, 152, 4*, 17, *«» Ho, 194. 
298, 299, 300, 43, 103, 51, 315 (see also above, Relations with foreigners: 
ambassadors) ; expelled from, 43, 103 ; their stipends, 43, 294. 

Dominican miss, and work — their reputation in, 30, 224, 335; desire and 
endeavor to enter, 7, 21, 35, 161, 162, 30, 216, 239, 246, 31, 214, 218, 33, 11, 22, 
25, 30, 80, 87, 152, 226, 254, 35, 28, 37, «o8, 136; enter and work, 7, 21, 215, 
231-236, 9, 149, ™, X07, *3, «73, 280, 14, 81, 15, 178, 17, 155, 302, 34, 273, 
274, 277-279, 38, 358, 30, 16, 116, 119, 149, 157, 246-249, 31, 12, 118-131, 235, 
293, 3*, 15, 26, 27, 188-190, 225, 245-248, 358, 35, 40, 4i, 36, 212, 217, 37, 
11, 70, 77, in, 116, 117, 124, 125, 3«, 10, 187, 39, X22, 45, 142; first miss, un- 
successful, 33, 13, 128-130; exiled from, 39, 150, 30, 249, 35, x6i, 37, 286; 
martyrs in, 36, 212, 37, 89; included in Phil, prov., 30, 160; separation from, 
planned, 33, 252; petition permission to accept alms, 37, 116. 

Franciscan miss, and work — pope charges, with conversion of, 35, 304; desire 
and endeavor to enter, 4, 17, 315, 316, 6, 127-133; prohibited from entering, 
4, 309, 6, 127, 8, 272; church planned for, 4, 136, 137; enter and work in, 308, 
309, 316, 6, 17, 86, 126, 133, 134, «52, 7, 215-217, 37, 3", 34, 27, 321, 35, 292, 
36, 217; expelled from, 39, 37, 150; persecuted, 36, 219. 

Jesuit miss, and work — desire to convert, 44, 44; enter and work in, 6, 22, 
208, 209, 247, 248, 15, 177, 178, 18, 206, 207, 19, 47-49, 54, «3, 18, 137, 197, 
198, 300, 34, 242, 300, 35, 101, 38, 103, 39, 37, 48, 33, 246, 34, 326, 361, 365, 
368, 385, 35, 14, «77, 178, 43, 150, 44, 87, 49, 23, 24, 334, 335; control mist, 
38, 118, 35, 162; ruler favors, 14; miss, ruined, 49, 334; injure faith in, 50, 314. 

Recollect miss, and work — desire to enter, 13, 246, 36, 142, 41, 148, 197. 

Government, etc.: most powerful kingdom in world, 33, 193; well organized 
and governed, 3, 41, 6, 211, 2x2, 221, 224, 13, 289, 14, 47, 30, 239; outwardly 
governed well, 15, 171, 172; corruption in, 4, 62; dominates Tartary, 53; 
rules and abandons Phil., 6, 144, 145, 15, 302, 16, 226, 37, 64; various natiom 
subject to, 6, 226, 9, 40, 13, 289, 291, 19, 45, 34, 137; prov. and cities in, 3, 
41, 42, 206, 225-228, 4, 50, 53, 7, 255, 9, 44, 15, 177, 178, 16, 177, 178, 234, 

18, 211, 33, 237, 37, 312, 39, 37, 150, 31, 75, 189, 33, 26, 34, 137, 139, 183, 
43, 118, 150; no. of prov., 31, 75; »*s capital, 3, 227, 247, 4, 5*, *5, 177, *78, 

19, 44, 45, 35, «9, 36, 251; dynasties in, 3, 228, 18, 207, 33, 197, 198, 34, 
300, 39, 48, 34, 183, 35, 18, 251, 252, 36, 250-253. 

Various kings or rulers in — 3, 228, 298, 4, 50, 33, 197, 33, 238, 39, 48, 36, 
250; great and powerful, 3, 205, 9, 206, 13, 289, 290, 14, 46, 7*, 34, X3*» *33» 
43, 198; despotic, 4, 59; suspicious, 7, 216; greedy, 13, 105; just and prudent, 
13, 290, 14, 50; nis drcss and customs, 4, 53, 55, 56, 62, 34, *33» x 35 5 W* 
residence, 9, 44 (see also above, capital) ; China belongs to, 4, 51; no permanence 
in rulers, 53. Hostile to, and measures of, against Limahon, 6, 94-96, 105, 108, 
ixx, 112; encourages agric, 218; memorial from mandarins to, 18, 208-213; war 
measures taken by, 19, 44, 45 ; abandons dependencies, 245, 246 ; Lavezares writes, 
33, 236; warns Dutch not to attack ships, 37, 326, 327; imprisons Tournon, 38, 
1x8; aids miss., 39, 10; vassals regard as Chris., 47; converted, 48, 150; favors 



China] INDEX 193 

Jet., 48, 35, 14, 177, 178; Macao (Port city) subject to, 42, 198; princes, 28, 
x8a; roy. emblem, 34, X33J «>y. Prices, 18, aio, 19, 45, 34, 135, *37J roy. 
officials corrupt, 31, 12a. 

Viceroys (governors, tutons) — are eunuchs, 12, 94; gov. prov., 3, 42, 4, 50; 
often transferred, 62; issue passports, 8, 184; remonstrate with king, 12, 104, 105; 
embassy sent to, 13, 223; sends envoy to Span., 22, 199, 200; news of insurrec- 
tion sent to, 14, 136; imprisoned, 19, 44; allows return of miss., 32, 189; gov. 
of Phil write, 12, 106, 157, 158, 14, 44-50, 16, 44, 23, 220; write to Phil., 13, 
287-291, 14, 44, 4*> *37, *A 47, 298, 23, 237, 238; Yncuanton (Yncuanton) — 
4, 47 [*• '*, 46] ; Sande writes, 61. 

Mandarins (empire ruled through) — 7, 2x3-2x5, 2x7, 2x8, 8, 183, 184, 9, 3x9, 
IO, 232, 12, X4, X56, X57, x6o, 13, 289, 14, 47, **, *5«, **, 18*, 3*, *6, *7» 
188, 189, 248; signification of term, 29, 246; qualifications and duties, 19, 44; 
presents given to, 6, 203, 22, 97; oppress people, 8, 184; sent to Phil., 12, 14, 
S3-97, ">5, X42, X43, X53, 13, 225, 226, 287, 14, 136, 15, 272-276, 16, 30, 263, 
290, 17, 287, 19, 194, 31, 182, 183; act as judges in Manila, 12, 84, 15, 274; 
Chinese in Phil, forbidden to insult, 12, 97; Span, suspect and fear, 15, 74, 
373-375; Acuna's negotiations with, 16, 44-47, 297; rule in Macao, 18, 197; 
incite persecution of Chris., 206; their memorial to king, 208-2x3; kill, illtreats, 
axes 2x2; punish eunuchs, 19, 43; attend council of war, 43, 44; favors Jes., 48; 
sent as envoy to Formosa, 22, 19, 199-201 ; places embargo on ships, 197 ; incited 
against Span., 199; inhabitants of Formosa illtreat, 200; suits brought before, 250; 
carries on peace negotiations, 29, 246; befriends Aduarte, 31, 129; in Macao, 
32, 268; rebels against king, 35, 177; oppose Kue-sing, 36, 248, 249; write to 
Lara, 258. Laytao, chief judge, 10, 231, 233; Alguacils, insignia of, 12, 95; 
Haytaos (same as laytao ?), 16, 297; inspectors, 297; chaiery, 18, 2x1; shih-po, 
34, 183. 

Justice — method of admin., 22, 251, 252, 32, 248; difficult to secure, 31, 120; 
officials of, 4, 51, 93, 10, 231; justices must sacrifice to idols, 32, 248; laws, 3, 
228; laws violated, 51, 158; no severe penalites, 6, 221; penalties severe, 30, 248; 
penalties, 31, 123, 32, 189. 

Finincial — amt of revenues, 19, 246; copper only legal coinage in, 51, 238. 

Considered with reference to Span. — under jurisd. of Manila Aud., 5, 275, 27, 
78; Spanish should retain native government when conquer, 6, 2x1, 212; would 
make many encomiendas, 2x8, 2x9, 225; Span, king can obtain large revenues 
from, 225. 

Events in history: pestilence in, 7, 14, 120, 42, x8, 2x8, 234; various casualties 
in, 14, X4, X38, 18, 210, 2x2, 22, X99, 35, "9, 4*, *34I events of 16x9, 18, 
206-2x3; events of 1620, 19, 42-49; events in 1627-28, 20, 198, 199; cable laid 
to, 52, 1x9; opium prohibited in, 158. See also the various divisions of this 
caption. 

Miscellaneous'. Careri's experiences in, 1, 65; cloth stuffs not valued in, 3, 2x2; 
calendar in, 4, 53, 17, 126; geogr. names in, changed, 4, 57; relation of, sent to 
Spain, 93; slaves must not be taken to, 189; Port spread false reports against 
Span, in, 7, 19; Chin, desire to return to, 9, 55; Chin, insurgents return to, 
25, 128, 29, 245, 36, 235; emigration from, to Manila, 14, 189-191 (see also 
Chinese II — Immigration, etc); eunuchs in, 12, xo6, 16, 47, 19, 42, 43, 31, 
120-130; spices supposed to come from, 16, 223; Singanfu stone in, 22, 19, 197, 
198; despatches sent via, 27, 3x0, 47, 236, 249; Marco Polo in, 33, 320; syphilis 
in, 34, x66; imperial catalogue, cited, 183; prodigies in, 35, 1x9; Span, money 



194 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [China 

China (continued) — 
disfigured in, 51, 238; value of, and annual consumption of opium in, 252. 
See also Chinese; and the various Chin. prov. 

China (Jap. port) : probable error for Chazuma (Satsuma), 9, 31. 

Chin ap a tan (mongolian race or tribe) : descendants of Chinese colonists of Paps 
(whence their name), 31, 102; their weapons, 102, 103; pirates, 102, 103; attack 
Span, ship, 102, 103. 

Chinchbo (Chin-cheu, Chinchew, Chinchio, Chinchiu, Chwan-Chow-Foo, Chin, 
prov.) — 

In general: identified, 3, 41; its modern names, 41; location, 227, 6, 316, 7, 
255, 28, 103; best way to enter China, 6, 207; shoals near, 10, 217; maritime 
prov., 18, 101; map, 9, 305; many ships in, 14, 222; Anhayes are merchants in, 
ao, 109; viceroy (governor, Yncuanton), his operations against Limahon, 4, 
47 ['• '•» 4^]; issues passports, 6, 303; Span, ambassadors negotiate with, 31, 
189; mandarins, 7, 217, 2x8, 31, 183, 3*, 27. 

Commerce and trade: inhab. of, trade with Span., 6, 203, 7, 215, 255, 14, 
'222, 16, 234, 18, 59, 6x, 22, 97; Chin, advocate Span, trading-post in, 6, 303; 
Span, desire trading-post near, 7, 2x7; merchants of, resume trade with Spaa, 
16, 297; exports from, 297, 18, 59, 61, 37, 97; Dutch in, 14, 46; Dutch wrecked 
in, 29, 47; Dutch trade in, 27, 97; Dutch killed in, 29, 47. 

Relations with Span.: gov. of Phil, sends presents to, 6, 117; embassy in, 123; 
embassy intended for, 31, 75; gov. write, 6, 123, 12, 157, 23, 236, 237; letter 
to gov. from, 13, 287-291; Span, ships in, 6, 3x6, 7, 215; Vera negotiates with 
mandarins of, 2x7 ; shipwreck near, 10, 2x7 ; inhab. of, kill G. Perez Dasmarinss, 
1 6, 264; exped. from, in Cavite, 264, 31, 183; inhab. of, fear Span., 16, 306; 
inhab. of, in Phil., 18, xox, 31, 189. 

Ecclesiastical relations: Dom. and other friars in, 7, 2x5, 2x8, 255, 32, 27 (see 
also China) ; reason for exile of friars from, 29, 40; friars tricked, 32, 27; Jet. 
in, 28, X03; Chin, woman of, writes friar, 7, 236; native of, converted, 32, 31. 

Chinchon, Conde de: 14, 216. See Cabrera. 

CHINESE — 

I. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS — 

In general: a peculiar people, 3, 245; same stock as Fil., 4, 57, 40) 192; not 
Indians [;. *., Fil.], 5, 197; all of one stock, 6, 215; their antiquity, 16, 223; s 
wretched people, 12, 86; hostile to and abandon their own country, 9, 40, 13, 290; 
of Canton and Pekin compared, 15, 178; can compete with other races, 16, 43, 
51, 231; their emblem, 34, 172; their ceremonial acts, 172; possess industry in 
place of capital, 48, 184. 

Comparisons with other peoples — with Germans, 1, 309; morally with FiL, 
3, 155; with Fil., 181, 182, 212, 4, 49, 6, 91, 223, 7, 57, 9, 64, 12, 240; with 
Visayans, 4, 68, 12, 206; with Span., 3, 205, 206, 9, 321, 50, 66 t 160, 166; some 
resemble mulattoes, 4, 50; with Japs., 13, 280, 23, 194; with Malabars, 42, 152; 
compared to women, 18, 162. 

Name: call themselves Songsua, 23, 220; Sinae, 1, 309; Schinae, 309; Lequians, 
33, 349; Indians, 3, 167, 9, 252, 26, 139. Sangleys (Sanguelos; appellation fre- 
quently applied to traders in Phil.) — origin, etymology, and signification, 1, 39, 
3, 74* 4, $0, 6, 75, 9, 109, 23, 219, 220, 27, 114, 38, 47; etymology unknown to 
Crawfurd, 6, 75 ; a mixed race in Phil., 75 (see also Mestizos) ; known by this 
name, 7, 217, 12, 199, 200, 4I1 85. 



Chinese] INDEX 195 

Characteristics: 

Physical — color, i, 309, 3, 167, 205, 4, 5<>» °, 2x9, 16, *97, 34, 137, 322; 
cleanliness, 3, 103, 155, 168; filthy, 31, 219; well-clothed, 3, 155; go almost 
naked in Phil., 181, 182; vigorous, 167; well-built, 4, 50, 6, 219; strong and 
robust, 4, 50, *<*> 197; wear beards, 3, 205, 16, 197 (see also below, I — Hair 
and headdress) ; let fingernails grow, 4, 55, 56 ; great eaters, 6, 269, 16, 195 ; 
have small eyes, 34, 322. 

Mental (positive) — civilized, 1, 309, 3, 205, 6, 91 ; humble, 3, 76, 103, 35, 
i*fc 51, 104; polite, 3, 103, 30, 239, 31, 215, 33, 247; ingenious, 3, 168, 7, 224, 
13, 214, 39, 229, 36, 257; modest, 3, 168; warlike, 204, 206, 36, 72; intelligent, 

3, SCO, 6, 215, 219, 7, 238, 39, 70, 30, 216, 222, 239, 249, 31, 215, 33, 81, 225, 
245, 40, 192; imitative, 4, 53, 7, 226, 9, 207, 39, 70, 45, 64; careful of women, 

4, 56 (see also below, I — Women) ; industrious, 61, 6, 224, 7, 20, 21, 224, 229, 
*8, 73,^S) 209, 43, 168, 48, 184, 50, 157, 51, 229, 232; valiant and spirited, 

5, 197, 39, 70; shrewd (generally in trade), 6, 68, 304, 10, 192, 14, 40, 16, 
182, 183, 33, 194, 282, 39, 79, 307, 308, 34, 322, 4*, 149, 251, 254, 43, 169, 
48, 184, 51, 231; generous, 6, 123, 9, 317, 320, 31, 240; able and discreet, 6, 
127, 215; kind, 215; honorable, 215; tractable and docile, 215, 216, 317, 33, 194; 
simple and unsophisticated, 2x6; clever, 2x9, 7, 20, 13, 147; possess good memories, 

6, 221 ; not hostile to foreigners, 7, 2x8; grateful, 221; religious, 224; respect old 
*g*, 235; legally minded, 14, 45, 34, 322; sensible and prudent, 14, 48; energetic, 
17, 276; enterprising, 31, 2x6, 51, 157; * ond of learning, 34, 322; cultured, 4dy 
192; respectful, 50, 157; sober, 157; patient, 167; peaceable, 51, 229. 

Mental (negative) — barbarous, 3, 283, 4, 55, 6x, 4%, 16, 260; mean, 4, xo, 49; 
impudent, 10, 48, 9, 320; importunate, 10, 49; deceitful, xo, 44, 146; unwarlike, 
4, 44, 34, 227; cowardly, 4, 49, 5«, 9, 126, X33, 16, X97, 26X, 262, 33, 249, 39, 
245, 51, IC4, 23x5 avaricious and greedy, 4, 50, 89, 9, 3*7, *o, 85, 149, M, 70, 
16, X83, 18, 3x2, 30, X3X, 33, 249, 250, 35, 122, 39, 39, 30, 219, 233, 234, 31, 
124, 130, 184, 33, 80, 8x, 43, 256, 47, 183, 50, x6x, 51, 206, 238; addicted to 
sodomy and secret sins, 4, 5*1 59, 6, 63, 7, 139, *54, 9, 235, 319, 11, 56, 57, 13, 
107, X09, X2X, X47, 13, 271, 277, 280, 16, X30, 34, 323, 40, 3*5, 43, 248, 50, X57, 
160; tyrannical, 4, 51; lazy, 51, 19, 128, 44, X46; ignorant, 4, 51, 52; supersti- 
tious, 52, 16, 262, 33, 3x6, 39, 47, 309, 31, 130, 34, 322, 37, 145; vicious, 4, 52, 
57, 6, 2x6, 7, 76, 9, 20, 320, 11, 11, 13, 271, 277, 16, 194, 33, 269, 33, 247, 34, 
432, 50, 160; intemperate, 4, 56; lustful and sensuous, 56, 6, 215, 2x6; polygamous, 
4, 56; disloyal and faithless, 59, 9, 40, 41, 231, 244, 36, 148; evil-minded and 
wicked, 4, 60, 89, 6, 2x5, 15, 171, 16, 194; mercenary, 4, 6x; covetous, 6, 286, 
9, 3x8, 320, 15, 70, 16, 31, 197, 18, 3x2, 33, 173; timorous, 6, 3x0; suspicious, 
3x0; cautious, 7, 2x6; curious, 223, 9, 206, 207, 33, 189; cunning, 9, 20, 3x8, 
320, 322, 13, 279, 14, 40, X34, 16, 33, 250, 19, 194, 33, 250, 38, 164; unchaste, 
9, 3 Z 7, 3 Z 9, 34, 323; treacherous (with instances of treachery), 9, 3x8, 320, 14, 
47, 134, *5, 17*, *<>, 197, 249, 250, 33, 133, 39, 203, 216, 217, 31, 75, 33, 223, 

225, 35, 139, 265, 41, 87, 88, 50, 157; shameless, 9, 320; vile, 320, 16, X96; 
addicted to gambling, 9, 322, 13, 155, 33, 289, 33, 107-109, 34, 324, 37, 158; 
addicted to bribery, 9, 252, 3x7, 322, 10, 83, 86, 13, 272, 278, 280, 33, 250, 251, 
31, 127, 44, 146, 50, 157, 158, 166; unscrupulous, 10, 83, 47, 183; rascally, 13, 
279; cruel (in tortures, penalties, etc), 14, 48, 49, 123, 124, 16, 197, 39, 2x0, 2x3, 

226, 242, 31, X2, 123, 124, 126, 127, 48, 202, 49, 171; conscienceless, 16, 183; 
nomadic, 19, 128; fond of litigation, 33, 250, 251, 33, 85; commit perjury, 33, 



196 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 
289; have tendency to revolt, 289, 24, 332, 37, 42; inconstant, ao, 245; proud, 

30, 216; talkative, 234; extortionate, 31, 124; not spiritually-minded, 34, 322; 
inclined to sorcery, 322. 

Other characteristics — frightened by battle, 3, 101; esteem wax highly, 103; 
afraid of horses, 4, 51 ; sell their children, 51 ; not agricultural, 51 ; submissive to 
authority, 52, 6, 215, 216; poor, 4, 59, 61, 16, 31, 23, 269; wealthy, 6, 219, 14, 
121, 40, 209; love for money, 6, 61, 7, 229, 16, 184, M f 249. *4> I54» 3i» i» 
34, 321, 42, 256, 50, 161 ; apostatize readily (with instances of apostacy), 6, 63, 
50, 157, 160; esteem scarlet and Castilian cloth, 6, 117, 122; possets inveterate 
customs, 215; high livers, 269; possess little energy, 7, 57; distrustful of for- 
eigners, 216 (see also below, I — Relations with foreigners) ; use red ink to show 
distinction, 236; dangerous, 9, 322; esteem deerskins, 10, 84; clip and counterfeit 
money, II, 11, 56, 57, 49, 172, 263, 265; value services cheaply, 12, 192, 16, 195; 
pernicious, 13, 277; phlegmatic, 197; inclined to theft and murder, 213, 269; hate 
and fear men with blue eyes, 29, 47; possess purses, 224; sell captives into 
slavery, 3 J, 187; have fine natural gifts, 225; mink themselves wise, 34, 323; 
practice frauds in business, 42, 251, 43, 303, 44, 146, 51, 15, 86; addicted to 
use of opium, 43* 154, 5i» 157, 5*, 3*8; given to intrigue, 5*, 229. 

Language: a peculiar language, 29, 45; has no alphabetical letters, 30, 268; 
possesses many characters, 268, 32, 242; words all monosyllabic, 44, 45; many 
meanings to same word, 45 ; the scholarly language, 3*, 187 ; different dialects in, 
37, 117; difficult, 6, 215, 7, 222, 31, 216, 37, "7, 44» 45; manner of talking, 
4, 52. 

Writing, symbolic, 4, 48 (see also above, characters) ; method of writing, 40, 
50, 322, 43, 122; difficult, 6, 2x5, 231, 232; characters used by Japs., 8, 257; 
importance of learning, 7, 124; rel. learn and use, 3, 284, 6, 85, 86, 88, 91, 134, 
208, 7, 45, 223, 231, 234-236, 238, 244, 12, 22, 107, 199, 277, *8o, *3, 41. 273, **. 
196, 18, 206, 22, 20X, 23, X2x, 2x6, 28, 84, 30, 156, 209, 229, 230, 268, 31, **, 
X48, x8o, 216, 235, 258, 33, 10, 30, 53, 87, *<>2, '63, 165, 17X, X77, 187, 2x9, 225, 
242, 266, 37, 74, 104, 109, X17, 144, 286, 38, 55, «*, 187, 39, "3, 44, 87, 267; 
Vera insists on rel. learning, 7, 91; Aug. promise to learn, 131; miss's to, must 
know, 21, 51; used in Japan, 8, 263; Jap. understands, 32, 189; Span, under- 
stand, 13, 280; early printing in, 53, n; books, 3, 206, 6, 9X, 208, 7, 238, 9, 
68, 15, 178, 33, 248, 38, 47, 53, 333; placards printed in, 7, 225; used on globe, 
9, 45; letters written in, 10, 166, 31, 126; ordinance published in, II, 58; used 
on banner, 13, 281, 14, 135; on historic stone, 22, 197, 198; treatises in, 198; 
legal papers written in, 249; proclamation in, 29, 241; petition written in, 

31, 235; tracts translated into, 258; Chris, law translated into, 32, 84; paper 
written in, sent to insurgents, 36, 227; words, 3, 204, 4, 99, 7, 57, 9. 3*, 54, 
12, 95, 31, 128, 34, 154, 172, 48, 275, 51, 159, 253. 

Religion, etc.: possess forms of religion, 7, 224; worship ancestors, 2, 138, 32, 
247, 248, 37, 67; worship Confucius, 32, 247; heathen (infidels) and idolaters, 
3, 206, 283, 4, 51, 59, 62, 6, X59, 7, 232, 9, 109, 231, 252, 301, 3x9, 320, IO, 207, 
II, 56, 13, 271, 276, 282, 15, 171, 16, 194, «2, 199, 212, 249-251, 270, 289, 26, 
24, 30, 220, 33, 76, 247, 248, 34, 222, 36, 91, 4*, 198, 44, 44, 45, 213, 214, 50, 
X57, 162; not Christians, 8, 307; atheists, 42, 259, 50, x6x; build temples to 
Confucius and Buddha, 28, 365; have many priests, 6, 17, X27, 128; respect 
bonzes, 26, ^24; ruler tries to exterminate bonzes, 29, 47; monks and hermits 
among, 34, 322; have no ceremonies, 4, 51; scholars sacrifice to Confucius, 3*» 



Chinese] INDEX 197 

248; sandalwood used in sacrifice, 42, 218; sacrifice to idols, 50, 157; human 
sacrifice by, 16, 262; revere cross, 34, 137, 173; celebrate reL processions, 4a, 
198, 199. 

Beliefs — in transmigration of souls, 32, 247, 42, 254, 255; in spirits, 43, 104, 
48, 105, 108; rdg. sun and moon, 34* 3"; Fil. accept from, 43, 111, 112. 

Superstitions — cast lots by divination, 4, 52; concerning men with blue eyes, 
*9» 47. 309; ceremony of security, 31, 130; inclined to sorcery, 34, 322. 

Contact with Christianity — hostile to it, 31, 179; difficult to convert, 13, 79, 

30, 135; obstacle to conversion, 31, 218; converts excluded from China, 30, 226; 
baptism of converts, 18, 207 ; apostate rebaptized, 32, 26 ; converts, lazy, J J, 175 ; 
convert prints books, 32, 53; converts devout, 245; converts not allowed to give 
land to miss's, 37, 116; those of China better than those of Manila, 42, 253, 254; 
converts visit houses of catechumens, 49, 308 ; apostatize readily, 6, 63. 

Request miss's, 7, 232, 234; offer to take rel. to China, 233, 234, 238; desert 
and attempt to rob rel., 4, 89; treat reL well, 6, 17, 133; imprison rel., 152, 31, 
128, 129; throw rel. overboard, 23, 316; rel. escapes from, 31, 131; Jes. should 
be sent to, 6, 209; friendly to Dom., 7, 237; rel. disguised as Chin., 24, 299, 31, 
127; Fran. miss, among, 27, 311; Jes. miss, among, 29, 48, 246; convent of bonzes 
given to Jes., 48; pirates kill Jes., 246; Dom. miss, among, 32, 246; aid Aduarte, 

31, 84, 127; sailors murder rel., 32, 223; controversy over Chin, rites, 35, 162, 
291 (see also Jesuits, and Tournon) ; Propaganda Fide regulates miss., 37, 88, 89; 
uprisings against Chris., 246; become Chris, priests, 40, 279; first consecrated bp. 
among, 27, 311; heathen saved by prayer, 17, 129. See also China; and below, 
II — Religion, etc. 

Occupations, Arts, and Industries (both in China and Phil.) : occupations suitable 
for, 6, 269; their occupations in Phil., 7, 34, 225, 227, 16, 31, 194, 36, 204, 50, 
*53» 5 If 272; learn various arts in Phil., 7, 226, 227, 12, 198; skilful in arts and 
trades, 15, 295, 16, 197; displace Fil. in trades, 42; practice all trades, 18, 308; 
Manila depends on Chin, craftsmen, 36, 229 ; famous for their fireworks, 19, 61 ; 
change names and occupations, 22, 25a 

As producers of food — farmers and gardeners, 6, 19, 168, 269, 7, 34, 139, 155, 
227, 230, 9, 235, 10, 305, 12, 109, 149, 153, 13, 278, 290, 14, 119, i*>» 16, 194, 
18, 306, 22, 270, 23, 10, 36, 37. 29, *o8, 209, 35, 16, 194, *79, 36, 255, 44, 45. 
146, SO, 253, 51, 272, 52, 58; few cultivate soil, 51, 137; should engage in 
agriculture, 52, 16; hucksters, 6, 19, 168, 36, 222 (see also below, I and II — 
Trade relations); hunters, 7, 34; fishermen, 34, 230, 9, 310, 12, 153, 16, 31, 194, 
22, 213, 214, 3*, 97» *55, 188, 35, 16, 194 **Sf bakers, 7, 34» "7, *88, 24, *9* 
(adulterate bread), 42, 250, 251; confectioners, 7, 34; butchers, 227, 36, 222; 
salt-makers, 35, 261, 43, 270 (teach method of mfre.) ; raise swine, 43, 161 ; 
advisable to allow food producers to remain in Phil., 9, 235. 

Mechanics and artisans, and others, 6, 152, 168, 302, 303, 7, 139, 155, 8, 274, 
9, 235, 301, 12, 149, 14, 124, 133, 16, 195, 29, 305, 30, 135, 144, 31, 189, 216, 

32, xi, 76, 36, 204, 39, 88, 40, 209, 4a, 251, 44, I4*» 46, 359 J metal workers of 
various kinds, 3, 205, 6, 152, 7, 34, 226, 12, 192, 18, 17, 175, *7*, 20, 263, 26, 
208, 247, 248, 29, 171, 42, 251; charcoal burners, 16, 31; expert mine workers, 
41, 242; wood workers, 3, 205; carpenters, 6, 168, 7, 34. *39» *55, 9, 235, 12, 
103, 13, 290, 20, 263, 26, 208, 247, 29, 157, 35, i95» 38, 55; sawyers, 12, 153, 
210, 263, 26, 247; painters, 7, 34, 12, 192; aid in shipbuilding, 19, 75, 22, 203; 
calkers, 26, 208, 248; rowers, 6, 62, 7, 137, 9, 9, 37, 289 (see also below, II — 
More intimate govt relations) ; sailors, 6, 217, 12, 149, 13, 280, 21, 277, 26, 



198 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 

207, 208, 246, 31, 79. «3i> 3*, 14. i**» 187, 219, 223, 36, 234, 253; pilots, 13, 280, 
10, 212, 213; workers in stone (masons and quarrymen), 7, 20, 21, 13, 153, 192, 
13, 290, 16, 31, 36, 177, 39, 153, 35, 195; brickmakers, 7, 34; lime-burners, 34, 
I J, 153 ; day-laborers, 16, 31 ; work in royal works and estates, 36, 207, 208, 247, 
248, 39, 202, 36, 16; act as overseers, 51, 242. Cobblers, 6, 152, 7, 34, 13, 192, 
35, 195; tailors, 6, 152, 7, 34, 13, 192, 13, 235; weavers, 7. S4t *, **, St. *7Ji 
13, 192 (see also Textiles) ; candlemakers, 7, 34, 43, 251; chairmakers, 13, 103; 
barbers, 192, 14, 133, 38, 55 (mestizos); locksmiths, 192; porters, 192, 16, 31; 
interpreters, 6, 133, 9, 38, 10, 83, 31, i«. i*a. i»3, *»5, "9, 34, 3»*; physicians, 
7, 21, 225, 237, 13, 192, 33, 233, 36, 12, 85, 3«, 55J apothecaries, 7, 34, 225; 
herbalist, 237; printers, 3, 206, 9, 68; bookbinders, 7, 20, 226, 227; booksellers, 
30, 263; mfre. jewels, 6, 224; sculptors, 13* 192; artists, 229, 13, 235; em- 
broiderers, 7, 226, 13, 235, 15, 295, 44, 268; carvers, 235; architects, 33, 81, 82; 
accountants, 39, 62. See also Artisans; Physicians; and below, I and II — 
Trade relations. 

Other social and economic factors: food, etc., drink hot beverages, 4, 52, 1 6, 
197; drink palm wine, 6, 151; drink sparingly, 16, 197; use chopsticks, 19, 317; 
eat at tables, 34, I37J **t fish, 4, 57, 31, 308 (balate), 38, 182, 40, 293; esteem 
birds'-nests, 21, 306, 38, 43, 43, 159 (see also, Birds) ; eat snakes, 51, M*; 
adulterate food, 6, 51, 52, 44, 146; introduce pearl sago, 34, 155. 

Clothing, etc — rank indicated by, 4, 48, 16, 197; wear white for mourning, 
197; go almost naked in Phil., 3, 181, 182; wear clothes, 34, 137; well clothed, 
3, 155, 205; compared to that of Span., 168; sent to Spain, 4, 48; dress of 
king, 53; of chief priest, 53; of chief men, 16, 197; wear national garb, 197; 
Dom. wears, 36, 2x9; described and enumerated, 3, 168, 4, 51, 16, 197, 33, 22a 

Houses — small and mean, 4, 53; method of building, 33, n, 81; use mats as 
pillows, 282. 

Ships, etc — season for navigating, 4, 54; ignorant of navigation, 32, 175; use 
compass, 33, 327; sail from Chincheo for Phil., 7, 255; wrecked, 18, 74, 1x7, 35, 
X23, 39, 16, 194; described and named, 3, 75, 4, 54, 55, **, *95, *4, X37, *St 
182, 202, 29, 1x9; view of junk, 25, 116; used in Phil., 22, 296; see also Ships. 

Their manufactures — 6, 224, 19, 3x1, 40, 291 (see also China — products). 

Hair and headdress — method of wearing hair, 3, x68, 4, 56, 6, 306, 7, 13, 91, 
92, 244, 13, 279, 16, X97, 258, 18, X62, 31, X25, 33, 189; mark of rank, 16, 258; 
care for scrupulously, 13, 279, 300, 16, X97, 258, 33 x66, 33, 220; shave heads, 
3, 204, 16, 197, 35, 251; to cut, prohibits return to China, 7, 92; dislike to cut, 
232, 308; converts cut hair, 13, 279, 16, 197, 30, 232; retain cues, 232; loosen, . 
as sign of hopelessness, 24, 141; bonnets, sent to Spain, 4, 48; caps, 16, 197; 
Chris, wear hats, 197; have scant beards, 3, 205, io» X97; allow beards to grow, 
31, 125, X89. 

Warfare, etc. — method of warfare, 4, 27, 56, 39, 202, 36, 257; possess good 
discipline and regulations, 36, 257; unable to defend themselves, 18, 162; lowest 
class, soldiers, 4, 57, 58 ; kinds of soldiers in service, 6, 99, 12, 95 ; palace guards, 
34, 135; have all the weapons of Europe, 3, *o5J their artillery better than 
Span., 205; carry no weapons, 4, 51, 58, 13, 86, 16, X97; fear lances, 4, 55; 
unskilful with firearms, 55, 58; well-armed, 6, 285; possess invention for 
casting artillery, 10, X73; cast artillery, 209; forge weapons, 39, 250; weapons 
found in ancient tombs in Luzon, 40, 48; carry banners, 4, 27, 31, it6; afraid 



Chinese] INDEX 199 

to carry ammunition, 8, 195 ; their treatment of enemies, 14, 123, 114, 16, 38, 48, 
20a; torture prisoners, 39, 243; weapons and armor, enumerated and described, 
3, 204-20*, 299, 4, 27, 29, 3«, 34, 43. 55, 5*, 7*» 9, 54, 282, ", 150, 14, "3, "8, 
»33, *5, 70, I*, 252, 259, 260, 30, 33, 37, 310, 39, 202, 206, 211, 215, 225, 228, 
335, 237, 240, 241, 250, 31, 92, 33, 186; their gunpowder described, 4, 55; their 
attacking machines, 14, 14, 128, 16, 39, 31, 188. 

Women — jealous, 3, 204; modest, 204, 6, 219, 34, 323; virtuous, 3, 204, 6, 23, 
216, 219; beautiful, 3, 205, 6, 2x9; reserved, 2x6; submissive to husbands, 2x9; 
idolaters, 32, 247; method of wearing, and care of hair, 3, x68, 205; have small 
eyes, 205 ; rouge, 205 ; allow fingernails to grow, 4, 56 ; compress feet, 56 ; clothing, 
3, 205; carefully guarded, 4, 56, 13, 36, 33, 246; make good wives for Span., 
6, 23, 2x9; compared to Span, women, 2x9; marries Port, 13, 79; in Phil., 
3, X02, 167; insane, 102; act as regents, 228; with Limahon, 4, 38; Span, capture, 
39; easily converted, 6, 2x6; writes to friar, 7, 236; converted, 13, 79; Span, 
protect, 16, 35; make devoted Chris., 33, 246; flee to mts., 39, 2x0; attend 
monarch, 34, 133. 

Children — sell them, 4, 51; Span, protect, 16, 35; sell their parents, 33, 250; 
school for, in Formosa, 33, 223. 

Slaves — buy Span., 3, 12, 42; cruel to, 14, 48, 49; sell captives as, 33, 187. 

Care of sick — abandon sick, 31, 2x7; diseases disgusting, 30, 2x9; medicinal 
practice among, 4, 52 ; medicines, 38, 55 ; method of bleeding, 4, 52 ; use cupping 
glass, 40, 22x; despise hosp., 30, 239; have no hosp., 239; see also above, 
Physicians; and below, II — Religion, etc 

Method of reckoning time, 4, 53; calendar, 15, 178, 34, 300, 35, 14, 178. 

Music — sing when reading poetry, 40, 246; musical instruments (drums), II, 
82, 13, 95 (bells and gongs), 11, 182, 16, 128, 37, 289, 50, 67 (canfonias) 
13, 95 (tam-tams), 45, 272. 

Feasts — New Year's, 33, 107; of lanterns, 107; allowed to celebrate in Phil., 
108, 34, 3*4- 

Amusements — the theater, 6, 123, 124, 39, 254, 31, 68-70, 50, 66; cards, 
40, 204. 

Significance of presents among, 4, 49, 89, 90; presents given to, 6, 122; give 
presents, 50, 167 (see also above, characteristics: bribery). 

Pirates, 4, 9, 23-48, 59, 6, 91-125, 184, 7, 164, 165, 33, X97, 33, 48, 34, X49, 
35, 118, 39, X5, 155-157, 226, 246, 257, 31, 75, 76, 179, 35, 177, 36, 2x8, 238, 
37, 117, 41, 161 (see also, China; Limahon; and Kue-Sing). 

Trade relations: merchants called Avays (Auhaes, Auayes), 13, 155, 157, 13, 
277, 30, X09; merchants belong to better class, 16, 31; have trading guilds, 33, 
250; have no foreign trade, 14, 46; live by trade, 6, 286; methods of business, 
9, 3^7, 3*8, 51, 229; sellers, not buyers, 33, 282; method of keeping accts., 7, 227; 
friendship and conversion secured through trade, 6, 28, 285, 286, 8, 177, 181; 
shrewd traders, 6, 68, 304, 10, X92, 16, 182, X83, 33, X94, 282, 39, 79, 307, 308, 
34, 187, 322, 4*, 149, 251, 254, 43, 169, 51, 231; all monopolists, 44, 146; value 
and absorb money (chiefly from Phil.), 3, 2x2, 226, 245, 7, 153, 202, 8, 80, 81, 
Mi 88, «9, 92, 10, 81, 82, X96, 11, 94, 95, 13, 59, 14, 50, 43, 151, 50, 186, 51, 
238 (see also China) ; give credit, 7, 227, 235, 10, 82, 83, 16, X83, 18, 201, 35, 
135, 136, 30, 86, 36, 50; accommodating in trade, 7, 229; distrustful in trade, 8, 
344; clip money, 10, 86, 50, 185; refuse clipped money, x86; demand cash, 13, 
158, 13, 22x, 16, 182; usurers, 50, 185; act as middlemen, 6, x68, 33, 285; hold 



200 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 
trading fain, 35, 135, 49, 145; mdse. cheap, 33, 219; not durable, aa, 28s; 
profits great, 25, 117, 118, 39, 74; commit frauds in trade, 10, 83, 16, 183, 4 J, 
*5ii 43, 303, 44, 146, 50, 185, 51, 15, 86; value sibucao trade, 3, 196; engage 
in spice trade, 214, 11, 107; prohibit trade in finest porcelain, 29, 307; return 
to China rich, 44, 146; their wts., 3, 19*, 4, 100, 47, 16, 181-183; method of 
measuring foreign trading ships, 39, 55. 

Trade with Span, (in general in China or in Span.-Amer. countries, sometimes 
via Phil.) — Haro trades with, 1, 309; desire Span, trade, 3, 84, 4, 65, 6, 226, 
26a, 3<»-3C4, 8, 14, 176, 177, 183, 184, ia, 191, 192; desire to give Span, a 
trading post in China, 6, 29, 303 ; give them a trad.-post, 8, 184, 10, 231 ; do 
not oppose Span, trade, 367; Span, desire trade with, 9, 1x3; Span, trade 
with, in China, 7, 264, 10, 9, 18, 293, 294; trade licenses issued in China, 16, 
178; Span, trade with, in Formosa, 22, 318; roots sent to N. Espafia, 3, 277; trade 
with Mex. merchants and officials, 6, 25, 7, 262, 12, 66, 17, 296, 39, 12, 71, 74, 
37, 23, 39, 302; trade with, injures trade of Spain, 6, 28; esteem Span, doth, 117, 
xaa; goods, registered in W. Indies, 8, 3x7; not allowed in W. Indies, 3x7; 
duties on mdse. at Acapulco, 11, 127, 16, 191, 192; traded in S. Amer., 12, 12; 
worn by poor in Peru, 64; Peru and Mex. overstocked with, 39, 73; endanger 
Peru trade, 74; trade via Manila with N. Espana, 14, 220, JO, 129, 135, 99, 74, 
34, 409; mdse. wrongly decried in Spain, 12, 61-63; cannot harm Spain, 45, 49; 
trade with Span, discussed, 29, 70-73; merchant goes bond for Aduarte, 31, 12, 
130; mutineers plan to intercept trading-ships, 34, 2x7. 

Portuguese — trade with, 4, 58, 10, X92, 14* 137, 231, 18, aoi, 24, 150, 287, 
25, 14, 1x7; jealous of their trade with, 7, 218; cautious in trade with, 225; 
invest in Chin, mdse., 8, 176, 25, 119, 130, 135, 138, 139; absorb and control 
Chin, trade in Phil., 14, xx 1-144; obstruct Chin, trade with Manila, iai, 122. 

Japanese — trade with, 10, 19a, 13, 227, 23, 94* «93, *9. 79, **» 35, i49i «5»; 
trade with, prohibited, 14, 43, 22, 173, 29, 81; desire Chin, silk, 22, 129; buy 
Chin, mdse., 126, 25, 133; plunder Chin, mdse., 35, 177. 

Dutch — trade with, 17, ia8, 18, 70, 22, 14a, 173, 19a, 23, X93, 30, 42, 94, 
32, 156, 35, 150; oppose and refuse Dutch trade, 22, 199, 29, 309. 

English — trade with, 23, 193; vessels carry Chin, agents, 43, 17a 

Moros trade with in China, 3, xxo (see also below, II — Relations with natives) ; 
trade at Malacca, 182; in Cauchi, 398; in Nao, 9, 1x4; in Camboja, 10, 44, 31, 
9a; mdse. traded in Moluccas, 16, 223; at Formosa, 24, 153, 155, 35, 150; own 
most of cargoes sent by Macao to Goa, 48, 265; endeavor to prohibit opium 
traffic, 51, X59. See also Commerce and Trade. 

Government, etc.: possess form of govt, and laws, 3, 205, 8, 374; submissive 
to authority, 4, 5a, 6, ais, ai6; adapted for offices and authority, aa3; well gov- 
erned, 224. Fit for trib., 3, 313; pay trib. to ruler, 4, 51; amt of trib., 58; 
never see their ruler, 56, 34, 133, *35; method of swearing fidelity, 7, 236; 
ceremonies among officials, 12, 95; officials chosen from scholars, 3, 205, 34, Z 22 * 
revere officials, 32a; method of greeting superiors, 12, 96; superiors have rights 
over inferiors, 22, 351 ; envoys in Phil., 4, 45, 47*49» 

Justice — have regard for justice, 14, 45; court described, 31, "X, X22; pen- 
alties among, 4, 5*» 5* (heavy), 89, 6, X25, 13, 288, 14, 43. *7, 9*. **, *5*» *3, 
270, 31, 123, 34, 172; practice torture, 31, 123, xa6, xa7, 49, 171; punishment 
no disgrace among, 4, 61; instruments of punishment, 12, 95, 96, 23, 270; do not 
practice capital punishment, 270; prison, 31, 1*9; fi*« f" rom justice, 421, 248. 



Chinese] INDEX 201 

See alto China; and below, II — More intimate govt relations. 

Relations with foreigners: admit foreigners reluctantly, 3, 211; laws governing 
foreign residence, 228; arrest foreigners, 7, 214; treat them well, 2x4, 2x5; dis- 
trustful of and hostile to them, 2x6, 30, 16, 247; do not kill them, 7, 2x6; not 
hostile to them, 2x8; attitude toward, 15, 178; call them savages, 34, 186; imitate 
European manufactures, 9, 207, 48, 275, 3x8, 3x9. 

Spaniards — Chin, idea of, 7, 2x9; Span, policy toward, 4, 91, 94; friendly to, 

3, *5». 6, 303, 304, 3x6, 7, 2x4, 2x7, 9, 50, 51, 10, 232, 13, 227, 15, 166, 19, 
*97» *9*» 22, 173, 2x3, 2x4, 29, 2x3, 44, 280, 290; esteem Span, customs, 4, 52; 
amalgamation of Span, with, urged, 6, 23, 24, 2x9-221; desire peace with, 11 a, 
36, 249; Span, friendship with, slight, 6, 129; advisable to give Span, education 
to, 2x5; Span, friendly to, 13, 290, 291; mutual hostility and distrust, 6, 178, 7, 
**» X37, IO, 44, 227, 13, 226, 272, 279, 14, I37» M*. *5, 79, *3. *4> 138-140, 165, 
*6, SO, 34t 43. 44. *4S> *49, *9*» 305, 3©6, 17, 105, 19, «94. «95» **> *53. **» i*9» 
192, 199, **4. «76, *7, 31a, *9» X56, 157. «6, 31, ", 75. 9*, 93. «7-«S«t 3*, 187; 
reason for ill-treating Span., 7, 2x6, 2x7; Span, punish, 22, 2x4; mutineers flee to, 
'5. 7*> 78; their punishment demanded, 77; Span, accused of killing, 170; buy. 
Span, slaves, a, 12, 42; give passport to, 3, 103, 104; falsify Lavezaris's letters, 

4, 48; stories, sent to Spain, 91, 92; slaves returned to Omoncon, 6, 1x7, 118; 
plays witnessed by Span., 123, 124; Vera's negotiations with, 7, 2x7; in Acapulco 
garrison, 30, 54; see also below, II — Other relations with Span. 

Portuguese — strive to influence Chin, against Span., 3, 182, 6, 133, 15, 167, 
170, 25, 1x7, 119, X22, 128; hostile to, and fear Port, 6, 303, 9, 3x9, 10, 234, 
18, 2ox; hindrance to their conversion, x8, 202; attack Chin., 25, 15, 123. 

Dutch — harass, capture and pillage Chin, ships, 11, 156, 17, 14, 15, 106, 107, 
112,. 181, 18, 12, 31, 33, 37, 38, 4X, 70, 72, 73, 75, xx8, 162, 2x9, 220, 25X, JO, 
28, 32, 109, X55, X72, 22, X7, X26, X27, X68-X7X, X75, X99, 24, X20, 336, 27, X07, 
108, 35, x8, 152, 157, 177, 265; pilot Dutch ships, 14, 46; D. pursue mutineers, 
17, xxo; mutiny against D., 35, 18; ridicule D., 17, 1x2; hostile to them, 1x3, 20, 
xo, 33, 22, X29, X72, X73, 214, 29, 47, 35, 18, 25X, 36, 255; cheat them, 17, 128; 
warned of D., 18, 253, 20, xx, 49; aid them, and allied with, 22, 75, 35, 1x5, 
119, 130, 137, 139, 157; D. bribe and give gifts to, 22, 97, 199; fear D. influence, 
2°. 79! permit D. to occupy Formosa, 32, 156; money concealed from, 35, x8, 
263, 265, 268; taxed in Batavia, 51, 229; enrich D. in Java, 272; see also 
above, Religion — superstitions. 

English — guide their ships, 13, 288; serve them (1803), 50, 45; see also 
British; Drugs and Medicines — opium; and below, Chinese in Phil. — British. 
Refused admittance into Australia and U. S., 16, 43. 

Tartars — hostile to, 3, 205, 3x3, 4, 53. 22, 23, 307, 24, 300; expel them, 4, 53; 
desert to them, 19, 43; see also China; and Tartars. 

Japanese — mutual hostility, 4, 59. 9. 3*, 44, "3. "5, *44. M, 138. *5, 130. 
203, 17, X09, 22, 128, 129, 29, 81, 202, 258; fear Jap., 6, 3x0, 9, 307; do not 
fear them, 44, 45; Jap. fear, 16, 275; friendly to, 4X, 13, 274, *75, 281, 16, 275; 
desire friendship with, 9, 123; serve on Jap. ship, 30; accompany Jap., 31, 50, 52; 
converts in Japan, 40; Jap. instigate, 41, 16, 291; desire to sail before, 9, 54; 
Jap. execute sailors, 32, 2x9; Jap. reward murderers of rel., 35, 294; see also 
China; and Japanese. 

With various peoples — in Borneo, 4, 131; ordered to anchor at Brunei, 195; 
take possession of part of Borneo, 43, 173. Koreans favor, 9, 41, aid Koreans, 
123; partially regain Korea, 14, 138. Families, in Ternate, 15, 324; alliance 



202 % THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 
with Ternatans feared, 1 6, 226; occupy Moluccas, 222. Cambodians seise, 15, 
145; in Cambodia, may be converted, 32, 172; see also above, Relations with 
Span. Formosa — no. in, 22, 142; covet and capture, 33, 152, 35, 44; school for 
children in, 223; inhabit, 39, 95. Conquer and rule Hainan Is., 29, 45. Pun- 
ished in Malacca, 31, 76. In Cochinchina, 31, 99. Colony in Patan, 102. 
First settlers of Java, 40, 316. Dominate E. Indian Archipelago, 40, 316. See 
also for entire division, China; aoove, Trade relations; and below, II — Trade 
relations. 

Miscellaneous: fear conquest, 3, 42; prophecy related to, 42; astrologers, 20$; 
possess horses, 205; possess tools, 205; their pictures, 205, 206; gives acct of Chin, 
coast, 218; have enemies in E. Archipelago, 313; extent of their knowledge, 4, 
51, 52; social and economic condition, poor, 53; can be easily conquered, $7, 58; 
ready for revolt, 59; robbers, 59; rob interpreter, 89; invent rept rdg. IJmahon, 
89; desire to return to China, 5, 240; Salazar's relation rdg. (June 24, 1590), 7, 
19-21, 212-238, 320; row badly, 57; their oars, 57; affairs important, 212; Sala- 
zar's petition rdg., 261; Fil. fabrics better man, 9, 64; drowned, 14, 138; esteem 
ti bores, 15, 258; use sedan chairs, 272, 31, 182; names given to spice, 16, 223; 
mutineers despoiled, 262; instance of cannibalism, 18, 210; students, 19, 44; 
collect duties at Macao, 198; use sandalwood, 34, z66; rear monuments to 
great men, 322; their fireworks, 50, 66, 67; abandon gold and silver coins, 51, 
238; rebel, 238; not injured by opium, 251, 252. See also Passports. 
For the above divisions, see also the divisions of the section following. 

II. IN PHILIPPINES — 

Immigration, residence, population, etc.: reasons for going to, 5, 240, 32, 249, 
26, 140; why desired in Phil., 9, 322; can be brought as colon., 6, 226; immi- 
gration should be encouraged, 52, 107; immigration (generally annually for pur- 
poses of trade), 1, 31, 3, i5» 167, 6, 52, 53, 269, 285, 302, 7, 9, 8, 85, 13, 288-290, 
14, 18, 189-192, 16, 194, 296, 18, 24, 305, 306, 26, 140, 30, 135; 3ii **9. 53, 64; 
many only transients, 22, 250, 273, 28, 353, 35> 189; many in Manila and PhiL, 
6, 168, 7, 12, 7*, 9, 275, 301, 316, 10, 49, 12, 148, 154, 199, 200, *4, 152, *9, 211, 
20, 13, 2ii, 22, 175, 24, 150, 202, 26, 141, 27, 114, 39, 98; mestizos numerous 
in, 40, 301; no. increases, 9, 9, 13, 10, 16, 277; census urged, 9, 322; many un- 
registered, 14, 150, 151; no. allowed per ship, 151; no. of mestizos {q. v.) in- 
crease, 18, 306; no. allowed in Manila, 36, 259, 42, 256; register of, 49* *4*, 
264, 50, 200; classes allowed in Phil., 7, 89, 154, 155, 51, i37> 228; settled in, 
and go to various is., 3, 18, 74, 77, 104, 228, 245, 300, 6, 152, 7, 143, 13, 285, 286, 
16, 30, 23, 216, 43, 178, 268, 274 (mestizos), 49, 37, 51, 61, 297; infidels should 
not be allowed in Visayas Is., 9, 41; scattered through is. and prov., 10, 81, 150, 
12, no, in, 14, 152, 18, xox, 23, 282, 27, 82; in mts. of Luzon, 48, 82; go to 
and reside in various settlements (mainly Manila), 1, 39, 3, 95, xox, 102, 245, 291, 
6, 152, 7, 34, »9i 9*. ^o, 143, 213, 220, 243, 8, 12, 90, xoo, 217, 273, 9, X09, 231, 
276, II, 257, 263, 12, 73, 83, 13, 222, 271, 285, 14, 4°, 4*. 5*. lo» 196, 198, 31, 
87, 88, 22, 247, 23, 232, 25, 230, 36, 139, 27, 82, 1x4, 28, 84, 85, 149. 162, X64, 
170, 179, 29, 82, 31, 239, 3*, 90, 36, 54, 56, 92, 204, 214, 42, xx8, 43. x68, 44, 
44, 97, 46, 48, 49, 152, 50, 200, 51, 200 (see also below Parian) ; should be com- 
pelled to live apart, 5, 237, 7, 76, 16, X98, 18, 24, 306, 50, 253; ordered to live in 
vill., 51, 13; should not be allowed to stay or sleep in Manila, 9, 324, 325, 10, 87, 
12, 86, 18, 25, 22, 154; remain in Manila illegally, 9, 320, 12, x8, xo8, 14, 15; 
criminals in, 42, 248, 249; merchants invited to take refuge in Manila, 16, 36; 



Chinese] index 203 

residence regulated (Apr. 6, 1828), 51, 53; residents must have passport, 70; 
discussion of restricting no., and restriction by expulsion, 6, 19, 168, 7, 155, 8, 273, 
»74» 9. «7, *8f *o» *3«, *3*» *M> S°h 3*o» 3**> IO, 9, 10, 19, 42, 49, 50, 8x, 150, 

13, 9, 16, 73, 107, 108, no, 147-149. *3» »73» **o, 14, ix, 15, 18, 41, 50-52, X50- 
15a, 16, 195, 17, xx, 20, 294, 297, 298, 19, X9, 128, X29, 269, 30, 52, 97, 98, xxx, 153, 
33, 152, 157, *4, »**» 3x0, 36, X40, 36, 220, 221, 235, 236, 241, 242, 259, 4a, 252, 
»5*, 44, IS, 146, 48, X44, 180, 49, 3©8, 50, 28, 44, 50, 57, 157, i6x, 253, 51, 53, 
229-231, 272, 311, 53, 145, 53, 59; immigration. laws not enforced, 16, 42, 43, 44, 
15, 48, 146, 153; expulsion order revoked (1778), 50, 50; few traders left, 16, 
42; return to PhiL, 9, 23X, 17, 299, 29, 194, 50, 50, 157; desire to remain in 
Phil., 9, 301, 320; persist in going to, 16, 43; afraid to return to China, 13, 150, 
154; desire to leave Manila, 16, 292; escape to China, 297; flee to mts., 51, 54; 
their no. in Phil, (principally at Manila and its Parian) at different times, 1, 39, 
3, xox, 167, x68, 4, 38, 6, 3i*, 7, »i t 33, 34. 80, 164, 230, 243, 8, 12, 90, 97, 98, 

9, 243, 260, 30X, 3x9, 320, IO, 42, 259, II, 284, 13, xo8, X47, 150, 168, 276, 277, 

14, 18, 51, i34-*3*, 150, 151, 188-192, 15, 305, 16, 296, 17, »97, ao, 13, 96, 97, 
M, 2xx, 34, 5», 3»o, 328, 35, 49, 50, *6, X40, 141, 37, 3*. "4, «35, *9, 69, 79, 
103, 208, 209, 257, 305, 30, 34, *>3, 204, 2x8, 2x9, 31, ai5, 3*, 76, 34, 444, 35, 
190, 36, 200, 204, 38, 55, 39, i*3, 41, 85, 43, 252, 48, x8o, 49, »47, 51, 68, 231; 
necessary to Phil., 5, 240, 9, 206, 322, 10, 42, 14, 130, 16, 195, 18, 308, 33, 108, 
35, 194, 36, 17, 204, 24X, 249, 259, 40, x6, 4a, 256, 44, 146, 45, 77, 5<>, X57, 162, 
51, 231, 53, x8, 67, 68; useless in Phil., 51, 230; Manila and Phil, endangered 
by, 6, 182, X83, 269, 9, *75, 315, 3x6, 318, 320, IO, 82, 88, II, 284, 13, 290, 29X, 
14, 38, 43, 48, 5°, 53, 15, 173, 16, X95, 245, 277, 19, 128, JO, 14, 169, X70, 33, 
175, 289, 34, 3»7, «6, 141, 142, 39, 70, 79, 34, 444, 445, 4<>, 225, 4 J, 14, X26, 51, 
200, 272, 5a, 89; feared in Phil., 8, 286, 290, 9, 19, 266, 320, 10, 12, 207, 11, 
284, 304, I J, X4, 15, 139, 13, xo, 21, 23, 15, 77, IO, 30, 34; their effect on Phil., 
8, 80-95, !6, 43; Span, warned against, 9, xo; explore and spy is., 3x8, 10, 81; 
know PhiL better than Span., 16, 195; conspire against and covet Manila, 291, 
31, 183, 184; desire to possess Phil., 19, 194, 29, 254; sources for study of, in 
Phil., 5a, 144, 145. See also below, Parian. 

Economic condition: come to Manila poor, 40, 211; become rich in Phil., 3, 15, 
14, 12X, 40, 209, 2ix, 4a, 256, 44, X46, 51, 234; their employment, 6, 152, 7, 34, 
139, 225, 227, 228, 8, 98, 274, II, 77, 78, I*, 192, 14, 5i, 15, 69, 16, 31, 42, 43, 
194, 195, 25X, *57, *95, 17, 14, 18, »$ii 306, 33, 273, 33, 51, 137, *9°, 191. 
272; advisable to hire them, 19, 75; desire work as laborers, 254; should raise 
poultry and swine, and engage in agric., 10, 20, 305, 22, 156, 48, 183, 50, 107, 
199, 51, 58; should work mines, 50, 107; made to work at fortifications, 12, 154, 

10, 291, 23, 94, 24, 328, 36, 140, 36, x6, 245; ships manned with, 13, 162, 18, 
43; made to serve as rowers, 7, 57, 16, 251, 257, 258, 30 t 255 (see also below 
Govt) ; released from serving on ships, 36, 258; serve as soldiers, 16, 257; labor 
on public works, 17, 13, 79, 39, 202, 209; aid in casting artillery, 276; build 
ferry-boat, 33, 59; length of their workday, 18, 176; drive out Span, competition, 
7, 226; compete with Fil., 39, 242, 305, 31, 189, 35, 185, 36, 259, 300, 40, 209, 
41, 85, 43, *6x, 44, 146, 273, 277, 45, 77, 5©, 74, *53, g«n control in Phil., 
18, 308, 45, 77, 50, 162 (see also above, II - Immigration ; and below, Trade) ; ex- 
cellent workmen, 7, 227; workmen provide own food, 229; rations proposed for 
workmen, 50, 107 ; given free hand in Manila, 10, 42 ; non-producers, 6, 53 ; ask 
low wages, 62, 7, 226, 10, 164, 51, 2x0 (mestizos); their status (1636), 36, 12, 
139-147, 51, 231; status regulated (Aug. 31, 1838), 51, 14, 70; their classification 



204 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 

urged, Sh l8 J divided into three classes (1828), 53; unmarried sent to Chilli, 
53; refuse to be reduced into vilL, 53, 54; Fil. unable to replace, 231. Build 
houses in Span, style, 7, 89; live in frame houses, 36, J05; lire among Spaa, 
7, 320, 13, 24; benefited by intercourse with SpaiL, 7, 3*5, 10, 195; restaurants 
in Manila, 7, 335; Fil. fabrics better than, 9, 64; their power curtailed in Manila, 
10, 42; great consumers, 150; arrested for debt, 293, 13, 124; Span, indebted to, 
157; adjust debts in Manila, 16, 292; take part in festivities, 248, 50, 66; ill 
treat their countrymen, 13, 222; accused of fraud in supply of bldg. materials, 
22, 247, 248; their winepresses, 23, 107; not advisable to settle negroes among, 
39, 104; allowed to smoke opium, 40, 180; provision made for education of, 46, 
81; required to kill locusts, 50, 211; not allowed to carry weapons, 253; own 
Span, vessels, 51, 232; Phil, cotton competes with Chin^ 232. See also above, 
I - Occupations, arts, and industries. 

More intimate government relations noitk: not vassals of Span, king, 14, 39; 
have their own govt, 16, 197, 17, 324, 20, 232, 33, 249, 36, 205, $'» 10S, should 
be judged by own laws, 22, 251, 33, 108; possess own courts, 51, aji; their 
gov. or ale-may., 7, 133, 234, 10, 81, 213, 14, iao, 16, 33, 197, l6\ 97, 23, 
230, 26, 146, 293, 29, X03, 209, 210, 36, 205; that office saleable, 30, 233; need 
protector, 7, 23, 261, 323, iS, 3x2, 3x3; quantities necessary for protector, 33, 
17, 164, 165, 24, 325; apptmt, duties, and salaries, 32, 165, 290, 292, 34, 189-191, 
325, 26, 146, 147, 39, 50; fiscal acts as, 30, 2x0, 211; fiscal requested as, 34, 190; 
post vacant, 325, 26, 146; corrupt, 18, 3x2, 30, 18; zealous, 53, 104; have pro- 
tectors in Span., 33, 250; elections among (mestizos), 17, 327, 328; officials 
oppress, and injure, 10, 83, iS, 24, 302, 19, 80, 30, 2x1, 2x2, 39, 202, 208, 209. 

Under jurisd. of governor of Philippines, 19, 128, 129, 33, 154, 155, 33, 
105, 36, 146; petition gov. 34, 190, 36, 144, 145, 36, 227; gov. negotiates with, 
234-236; gov. receives ambassadors, 260, 26, 15, 2x8, 2x9, 41, 86; petition and 
appeal to Aud., 14, 42, 23, 20, 247, 249, 35, 15, 125; appeal does not belong to 
Aud., and contentions over it, 19, 128, 129, 23, 252, 255, 23, 13, 103-105, 34, 24, 
186, 3x0; jurisdiction over restricted, 33, 154, 155; govt needs reform, 33, 21, 273, 
274; needs state control, 51, 231; represented by deputies, 231; support govt, 53, 
20, 39 (mestizos), 68. 

Justice - judge in Manila, 9, 230, 231; do not receive justice, II, 104, 274, 35, 
124; judges try suits, 16, 183, 43, 256; their gov. admin., 197 (see alto above in 
this division); bring forward false witnesses, 33, 250; imprisoned on suspicion, 
48, 143, 144; penalties prescribed for, 11, xx; condemned to galley, 13, 225, 14, 
10, 39, 40, 42, 44, 49, 70, 137, 161 47, 173, 251, 252, 295, 17, 94, 39, 205, 44, 37; 
capital punishment executed on, 39, 157, 36, 241; condemned to labor on public 
works and to deportation, 50, 157, 51, 70; Span, punish, 53, 67. 

Decrees, laws, ordinances, etc. — affecting the Chinese, 8, 273, 274, 303, 10, 293, 
394, 11, 56-58, 75-78, 17, 28-30, 33-34, 41-44, 47, 33, 16, 17, 30, X5X-X59, 164-167, 
387-292, 323, 33, 39, 50, 166, 253, 53, 2x4, 2x6; ordinances against, relaxed, 14, 
9; allowed rights of other foreigners, 51, 231; see also Decrees: Chin, and other 
foreigners in Phil. 

Taxation, etc. -pay trib. and taxes, and amt, 8, 100, 14, 247, 15, *75, *6, 190, 

17, 33, 30, 3X3, 33, 387, 388, 36, I39-H3, ^7, X35, 39, 305, 40, 301 (niettizos), 
44, 290, 49, 263, 50, 65, 51, "9, 120, 328-231, 53, 43i 58, 107; trib. diminished, 
13, 238; collection of trib. and taxes, 17, 328, 35, 9, 5*. 53! oppressed by taxes, 

18, 24, 308; unable to pay, 39, 202; exempt from trib. in Santa Cruz, 35, 169, 



Chinese] index 205 

170; exemption from trib. asked, 51, 251; converts exempted from, 33, 158, 167; 
scheme for fortification tax on Chris., 47, 120; penalty for refusal to pay taxes, 
51, 53 ; tax too small, 18, 229; trib. excessive, 53, 107; pay rent in Manila, 9, 268, 
322; required to purchase license to remain in Manila, and amt., 301, 13, 147, 
148, 167, 14, 50, 150, 16, 195, 17, 47, 150, 238, 18, 308, 312, 19, 157, 249, 
*0, 5*. 97, ***t *62, M, I57» 259, 263, 287, 33, 39, *5, 7** 79, 81, 83, 85, 36, 
139, 152, 173, 175, *77, 191, 19a, 280, 37, 135, 3*i, *9, 103, 202, 35, 185, 186, 194, 
x 95, 44» 146, 50, 200; licenses need better regulation, 18, 25, 3x3; form rev. for 
***, Sa> 53, 19, 88; abuses in, 18, 277, 30, x6z, 162, 23, 287, 288, 34, 3«o, 3"; 
collection of licenses, 33, 258-260,. 34, 324; evade paym't of licenses, 33, 259; 
increase in, asked, 36, 140; increase of, illegal, 35, 15, x6, 187-193; judge of, app., 
164; report on, 185-195; objects, 186; increase of, injures Manila, 193-195; really 
paid by Span., 194; license for gambling, 33, 107-109; license for trading vessels 
to come to Phil., 49, 144; merchants licensed as trade agents, 51, 157; pay exces- 
sive court fees, II, 22, 23; burdened by exactions, 18, xo; raise pay for rowers, 
34, 36; their communal fund, 30, 2x2, 33, 164, 33, 59, 60, 94, 230, 231, 34, 328, 
36, 88, 140, I43-H5, «95, *7, 39, *9, 5<>, X02, 103, 47, 227, 48, 185, 51, 241; 
Manila aided from this fund, 33, 94; contributed to church and hosp. from, 47, 
138, 226; assessments made on, 33, 159, 164-166, 230, 287, 290; Span, really pay 
assessments, 33, 231; assessments disproportionate, 35, 188, 189; pay half-annats, 
36, z 39! indebted to roy. exchcq., 186; contribute toward bridge, 46, 60. 

Miscellaneous - ask protection from Goiti, 3, xox; request passports, 243; make 
gifts to officials, 4, 9, 48, 19, 88, 37, 328, 39, 9, xo, 28; gifts given to, 6, X17, 16, 
352; report rdg. Salcedo, 4, 90; recommendations rdg., 6, 19, 168; confiscation of 
property suggested, 8, 20; property confiscated, 13, 155, 156; their affairs consid- 
ered by Felipe II, 8, 304; deposition by, 9, 38-41; expense caused by prisoners, 
10, 20; pris. sent to Tello, 11, 121; arrested by Span., 39, 157; justices harbor, 
10, 82; write to gov. (from China), 13, 24, 287-291, 3x8; Acuna reassures, 16, 
392; Acuna takes measures for their safety, 294; ships inspected, 34, 324; pay 
due for services, 36, 177; murder Span, officers, 39, xo, 39, 2x0; captives re- 
deemed, 28 ; Corcuera befriends, 28 ; he rewards, 206 ; attempt to capture him, 2x8 ; 
he punishes them, 35, 186; exemptions promised to, 39, 209; L. Perez Dasmarinas 
secures feudal rights over, 30, 229; their comedies prohibited, 31, 68-70; crim- 
inals in Phil., 43, 248, 249; do not care for independence, 53, 102. See also above, 
I -Trade relations; and below, Trade relations. 

Trade relations', desire and promise trade, 3, 104, 245, 35, 118, 122, 123; trade 
with, urged, 3, 189, 35, 122, 123, 126; trade opened with, 3, 2x2; trade in 
Manila and Phil., 1, 68, 3, 42, 238, 3, X55, 167, 180-184, 2x2, 226, 243, 245, 
376, 299, 4, *o, 24, 31, 108, 5, «37, 238, 6, 16, 59, 61, 68, 90, 91, in, 125, 126, 
150, 162, 166, 204, 262, 302, 316, 7, 33, 34, 74, 165, 221, 8, 18-20, 80, 81, 84, 85, 
92, 9, 230, 236, 244, 252, 254, 307, IO, 126, X79, 194, 207, 265, 266, II, 104, 156, 
13, 149, 13, 223, 227, 234, 287, 289, 290, 14, 50, 53, X24, 222, 231, 232, 249, 
15, 53, 295, 16, X78-180, 234, 249, 257, 297, 17, 15, 181, 18, 17, 31, 67, 73, X75, 179, 
180, 202, 306, 19, 58, 68, 89, xx6, 221, 222, 226, 247, 285, 318, 30, 15, 28, 32, 
49, 210, 31, 128, 33, 12, 67, 89, 100, 126, X28, 129, 14X, 151, 248, 273, 33, 15, 
94, 193, 219, 279, 282, 34, 25, 278, 310, 322, *5, 15, 111-144, *6, 139, 140, 
274, 279, 38, X82, 39, 28, 69, 70, 197, 306-308, 30, 86, 135, 189, 31, 127, X82, 
2x5, 2x6, 3^, xx, 76, 33, 22, X89, 349, 34, x6, 35, 184-X86, 189, 224, 298, 439, 
444, 35, 150, *57, 185, 189, 25X, 36, 201, 205, 207, 249, 38, 35, 47, 39, 85, 88, 
40, 48, 288, 30X, 42, «8, X19, 256, 43, 169, 180, 44, 146, 49, *45, 50, 166, 200, 



206 the Philippine islands [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 

51, i37» 231, 234, 53, "3, "6; have shops in Manila, 1, 43, 6, 168, 7, 154, 330, 

8, 307, 9t 230, 235, 268, 14, 15a, 39. 88; rent of shops, a public rer n 9, 230, 
231; Aug. own shops of, in Tondo, 35, 205; control Phil, trade, I, 6a, 68, 7, 
30, 10, 143, X49, 14, 50, m, 50, 250, 33, 219, *5, 143, 29, 70, 71, 35, 44, 30, 
359, 260, 4a, 19, as*. 252, 44, 277, 45, 77, 4©, 359, SO, 161, 51, 19, ***, 239, 
231, 253, 254, 53, 184; have comm'l influence in Mindanao, 46, 48; internal 
trade in Chin, mdse., 3, 57; penetrate to all parts, 23, 38a; should not engage 
in internal trade, 48, 185; furnish supplies (mainly to Manila), 3, 95, 7, 237, 

10, 290, 16, 251, 295, 18, 31, 53, 33, a3«, *9, 208, 40, 301; instances of barter, 
3, 196, 2X2, 226, 8, 82, 10, 89, 35, 136; act as hucksters and retailers, 6, 16S, 
7. 139. 153, *54f 9, 235, 10, 259, 296, n, 284, 289; such should be suppressed, 6, 19, 
*68, 7, 139; suppressed, 138, 139, '55J goods sold at wholesale, 7, 152, 9, *S4. 235, 
17, 32; act as middlemen, 8, 273; trade increases, 8, 80, 85, 90, 237; threatened, 

9, 307, 14, 43, ", 17, 168-171, 35, 43, a6, 274, 39, 39; decreases and ceases, 
6, 282, 283, 33, xx, 48, 34. 3*9, «5, 9, 14, "*, "3, "7, 130, U*. *9, **> 3©, 
86, 94, 37, a6x ; reestablishment desired, 25, 122, 123, 126 ; continued and revived, 
13, 223, I*, «97, *6\ 274, 277, 39, 39; method of trading, 7, 154, 9, 231, 234, 
235, 10, 196 (pancada), 35, 141, 142; by means of fairs, 49, 145; through 
agents, 50, 199; raise prices, 6, 269, 7, 75, «52, 154, 8, 80, 8i, 9, 252, 3x6, 10, 
82, 85, 86, X49, 259, 33, 231, 232, 34, X55, 287; their profits large, 7, 335, 9, 73, 
3x6, 11, 131, 30, 98, 35, 135, 136, 141; advisable to restrict, 11, 368, 284; re- 
stricted and regulated, 8, 21, 3x0, 3x6, 9, 234-236, 323, 10, 296, 13, 157, 17, 28- 
34, 41-44, 47, 35, 141, X42, 39, 72; their trade ruins Phil., 6, 30, 315, 8, 13, 86, 87, 
273, 10, 81, 39, 70, 7i, 76; benefits Phil., 9, 189, 10, 19, 15, 174, 175, 35, 126, 137, 
36, 142; Phil, depend on, 13, 16, 17, 156-159, 33, 173; commit frauds in, 6, 51, 

52, 10, 83, 44> 146, 51, <S6; merchants ruined, 13, 123; allowed freedom in trade, 
13, 224; smuggle goods into Phil., 51, 153, 251. 

Duties -paid in Phil., 5, 237, 7, 14*. *» 169, 309, 9, 252, 13, 159, 15, 175, 16, 
197, 17, 175, 19, 88, 35, 15, 16, 113, 114, *6, 277; «nt of, 8, 274, 14, 349, 35, 
138, 143, 144; complain of, 7, 138; exempted from, 138, 147, 148, 9, 333, 10, 
290; an injury, 7, 148, 30 t 18; Chin, can stand, 9, 72; Tello advises, 10, 16. 

Miscellaneous - trade poor and useless, 3, 226, 4, 58; conceal their goods from 
Span., 5, 237; rel. bribe merchants, 6, 91; traders refuse to carry rel., 114, 115, 
33, 220; quote prices on quicksilver, 8, 17; buy raw cotton, 82, 93, 94; sell cotton 
cloth in Phil., 88; mdse. common in Manila, 169; investments in, 180; traders 
not allowed to live in Manila, 273, 274; prices of mdse., uniform, 279; prices, 
cheap, 6, 29, 302 (see also Prices) ; mdse. stored in Manila, 8, 290; Chin, de- 
sire to buy weapons, 9, 54; traders must be well treated, 252; feign to be mer- 
chants, 301; traders must return to China, 323, 10, 149; rel. engage in Chin, 
trade, 75; sale of mdse. should be free, 82; refuse to trade certain articles, 84; 
buy food at high rates, 85; own property in Phil., 88, 14, xo, xx, 38, 43, 44; 
must not carry Span, money to China, 10, 196; Chris, must not abandon trade, 

11, 77, 78; Span, indebted to, 13, 221, 33, 231; traders guilty of duplicity, 16, 
36, 37; traders commit suicide, 14, 129, 16, 39; take refuge in Manila, 43; few 
traders left in Manila, 42; property restored to, 47; killed, 298; trading-ships 
inspected, 18, 307; mdse. reweighed in Manila, 16, 167; losses through use of 
Chin, steelyards, 47, 189; mdse., scarce in Manila, 33, xx, 48, 34, 3x9, 35, 1x3, 
184; abundant and rich, 8, 169, 29, 79, 33, 76, 185; traders treated unjustly, 35, 
124; mdse. should be excluded from Manila, 39, 77; amt of mdse. advisable to 



Chinese] index 207 

export from Manila, 77; demand for mdse. falls off, 194; traders oppressed by 
taxes, 35, 9; traders allowed to return peacefully to China, 36,221; traders re- 
main peaceable, 225; traders hide, 225; traders lodge in boats, 50, 200; id. 
classified, 51, 53; carry wealth to China, 51, 229; should be made to abandon 
trade, 272. See also Commerce and Trade; above I -Trade relations and below, 
Parians. 

Faridm (or Alcaicerias [?.«.]; places set aside as residence and market): in 
Manila - estab n 7, 220, 9, 268, 10, 259, 37, 67; has special site, 9, 231; location, 
9, 268, 269, IO, 43, 13, 138, 154, 13, 273. 277, ao, 3139; site changed, 37. xo, 67, 
68t 1 S7J J C8 « own ferry at, 33, 48; a market, 8, 91, 16, 182, 31, 184, 36, 204, 
51, 231; consists of four bldgs., 7, 220; character of bldgs., 22, 269, 270; adorns 
Manila, 7, 20, 224, 225; value, 14, 125; houses in, built of reeds, 224; houses 
built in gradually, II, 284; shops in, 8, 97, 307, 14, 152, 28, 141, 45, 122, 47, 
29; lands in, given to Dom., 28, 139; id. to Jes., 35, 169; pond in, 7, 228; hosp. 
in, 1, 43, 8, 97, 26, 293, 47, 138, 140 (see also Hosp.) ; churches and convents 
in, and near, 7, 9*1 »*3, 224, 231, 8, 97, 33, 165, 212, 270, 294, 33, 230, 233, 24, 
328, 35, 291, 304, 38, 173, 39, 222, 3«, 78, 85, 177, 36, 246, 4a, 223, 47, 137, 
138, 140; prison, 33, 103, X04, 2% 45, 4*; g«*e, 39, 255, 36, 246, 49> X27; de- 
scribed, 16, 196, 296, 29, 69, 70; suppression and destruction urged, 8, 20, 10, 
19, 82, 259, 11, 283; destroyed and abandoned, 7, 34, 13, 277, 14, 48; second 
necessary, 7. "9; burned, 7, 224, IO, 43, I J, 144, 13, 277, 281, 14, 125, 126, 
128, 129, 16, 40, 294, 296, 34, 15, 155, *9, «7, a», 228, 34, 35, X69, 444, 37, 67; 
houses in, destroyed, 12, 153 ; rebuilt, 7, 34, 224, 9, 268, IO, 43 13, 23, 265, 277, 
279, 281, 14, X52, 15, 12, 56, 33, 9, 212, 270, *4, 155, 35, 35, 445J fortified and 
guarded, 1 a, 143, 29, 2x8, 255, 36, 224, 246; attacked, 12, 144; Corcuera threatens, 
219, 2x8; its hist, 7, 33, 34; relation of, 19-20, 2x2-238, 32a 

Traders and others restricted to, 5, 237, 7, 224, 9, 276, 324, 325, 14, 9, 15, 16, 
198, 33, 289, 23, X05, 48, 183, 51, 58; Chin, residence in, urged, 7, 76, 18, 24, 
306; traders and others in, 1, 39, 7, 89, 91, 225, 228, 230, 243, 8, 12, 91, 97, 307, 
9, 230, 11, 284, 12, 148, 150, 13, 271, 276, 14, 124, 247, 16, 196, 198, aa, 17, 211, 
*3, *°5, 230, 35, 49, 50, 36, 139, 37, 38, 114, 38, 84, 30, 2x5, 216, 218, 3*, 7*, 
36, 91, 203, 204, 238-240, 243, 41, 85, 49, 152, 262, 50, 200 (see also above, II- 
Immigration, etc.); Chin, expelled from, 53, 39; Fil. live near, 13, 273, 280. 

Under control of gov.-gen., 22, 154, 155; protector of natives in charge of, 6, 
176; has its own judge and gov., 8, 97, 16, 196, 197, 33, 154, 230, 36, 293, 36, 
205; officials in, their salaries, etc., 16, 197, 17, 97, 19, 80, 81, 33, 165, 230, 36, 
80, 146, 154, 195, 39, 103, 36, 205, 37, 31, 4*, 4*, 173, x86, 45, X73 ; offices sale- 
able, 7, 1x5; in juris, of Manila, 18, 97, 19, 128; Acuna visits, 13, 283; inspected, 
13, 159; prison inspected, 33, 103, 104, 35, 45, 46; Manila petitions incomes from, 
6, 2x4; rents from, go to public fund, 16, 167; how rents collected, 47, 55; taxes 
paid in, 33, 230 (see also Rev.); citizens have holdings in, 25, 127; Chin, in, 
punished, 7, 228; acts proclaimed in, 10, 307, 11, 58; letter rdg., cited, 280; fac- 
tions in, 14, X2i; weapons forbidden in, 29, 70; Chin, flee from, 155, 36, 223, 
230; Chin, refugees in, 241; ships dock at, 7, 228; value of mdse. destroyed in, 
^9, 257; theatrical performances prohibited in, 31, 10, 68; Brit enter by gate of, 
49, 127; Span. sold, in, 49, 264, 265; see also below, Insurrections. 

In Cebu, 38, 149, 162, 164, 178, 36, 100. 

In Panay- ceded to Jes., 38, 172. In Jolo-Span. destroy, 23, 208. See also 
above, II - Immigration, etc, More intimate gov. relations, and Trade relations; 
and below, Religion. 



208 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 

Insurrections and mutinies: feared, 9, 41, 316, 14, 32, 15, 74, 1 6, 31, 32, 17, 
105, 30, 161; causes for, 36, 49, 50; incite natives to, 41, 85, 86; frequent, 45, 
2x3; mutinies in ships, 9, a8a, 318, 319, 10, 47, 48, 214, 15, 7% 7»» *<*, 258-26*, 
17, 94t 3*, 14, 186, 187; kill G. Perez Dasmarinas, 7, 137, 9, 9, xa6, 133, 244, io, 
214, 13, 284, 14, 40, 16, 260, 17, 287, 30, X7, 255, 31, 75, 99» »79; mutineers ex- 
ecuted, 10, 48, 39, 131; of Cayalera, 9, 3x9. 

Insurrection of 1603, II, 142-168, 13, 17, 137-139, 142-168, 1 3, 23, 222, 226, 23S, 
275-281, 14, 9, «°, «, «4t »5, 3*-34» 38-41, 7°> 76, 1x9-139. H9-I5*, »*», 191, IS, 
255, 16, 12, 13, 30-44, X96, 290-300, 17, 109, xxo, 156, 251, 288, 18, 52, 271, 311, 
34X, 19, 128, 198, 30, 97, X69, 31, 87, 135. «95, M, 289, 34, 51, 310, 328, 35, xal, 
37, 192, 193. 31, 13, 176, X82-189, 34. 35, 440, 44*, 443, 36, 222, 47. 164, Si, 3°°; 
reason for, 13, 150, 14, 32, 40, 45, 130, *°, 3©-34, 46, 31, 185, x86, x88, 34, 445, 
47, 35, 164*, planned, 14, 133, 136; plan to reserve women, 133; dissensions among; 
*34i try to incite Chin, of Parian, 16, 293, 294; merchants and mechanics refuse 
to join, 34; seek aid from China, 38; incite Fil. to, 13, 278, 280; no. of insur- 
gents, 34; Span, warned of, 31, 184, 185; needless, 13, 136; Span, pursue and kill 
insurgents, 137, 143, 151, 152, 13, *7*, »79, 287-289, 313, 3x4, 14, 44* 45t 47, **4. 
X29, 131, X32, 139, 16, 37, 40-42, 294, »95, 31, 187; Fil. and Jap. oppose, 14, n* 
J 34» *35, IO » 41; insurgents kill Span., 38, 31, 188; peaceful Chin, killed, lo\ 
39, 42, 294; insurgents fortified, 13, 224-226, 14, iaa, i3«» *** 33, S4» J*t X87; 
incite Fil. to insurrection, 13, 278, 280; assault Manila, 16, 39, 294; their retreat, 
14, 125, 126, 132, 16, 40, 294; Span, capture their flags, 14, 127; Chin, commit 
suicide, 31, 186; suffer hunger, x88, 189; insurgents executed, 14, 130 (see aho 
above, II - More intimate govt, relations) ; Acuna promises to release prisoner!, 
16, 300; Chin, not guilty should be sent to China, 14, 41; Chin, allowed to re- 
main in Manila after insurrection, 150; Acufia defends Span, course in, 16, 29S- 
300; Chin, property confiscated, 14, xo; property of those killed held for heirs, 
16, 299; restitution of Chin, property demanded, 13, ax, 14, 38-41, 48, 137; 
weakens Manila, 16, 305; insurrection causes fear, 31, 135. 

Insurrection of 1639-40, 17, 291, 35, 157, 38, 86, 39, 17, 18, 201-258, 276, 3x4, 
35, 44, 5x, 5*, xxs, 1x7, 126, 127, 169, x86, 193, *i3, 36, x6, 5X, X48, 232, 37, 67, 
149, 299, 47, 66; planned, 39, 15, 157, 226, 254; cause, 202, 208-2x0, 36, 49, 50; 
sprung prematurely, 39, 254 ; no. of insurgents, 201 ; their rendezvous, 257 ; Manili 
Chin, join, 2x6, 220; mestizos aid, 2x9; mestizos loyal, 220, 258; Chris, aid, 2x9; 
laborers join, 226, 227; of ParUn feared, 2x0, 2x9; of Parian, 220, 221; no. of 
insurgents, 201, 203, 205, 211, 2x2, 2x4, 2x8, 228, 243, 248, 258; their arrogance, 
2x9, 220; their officials and military arrangement, 250; offer rewards for Span, 
heads, 258; prisoners confess plot, 258; Span, pursue and slaughter, 17, 202, 204, 
205, 209, 2x2, 2x4, 2x5, 221-223, 225-227, 230-236, 240-244, 248-252, 258; rewards of- 
fered for Chin, heads, 230; Span, sink Chin, champans, 257, 258; insurgents kill 
Fil. woman, 225; menace Manila, 233; Span, mortality, 239, 241, 249; natives op- 
pose, 254; Chin, mutilate Span, corpses, 241, 242; their fortifications, 205, 227-230, 
238, 239; offensive measures by Chin., 2x0, 2x6-221, 225, 228, 234-236, 244, 245, 
251, 252, 37, 185; employ strategy, 39, 229, 233, 250, 251, 254; surrender and peace 
negotiations, x8, 204, 213, 244-249, 258; insurgents return to Manila, 248; penal- 
ties inflicted, 205, 224, 227, 35, 15, x86, x88, 193; insurgents baptized, 39, 224; 
commit suicide, 226, 241 ; drowned, 232 ; starving, 258 ; services of Manila citizens 
in, 252-255; Jes. losses by, 35, 169, 173, 174; Manila weakened by, 196. 

Insurrection of 1662, 17, 292, 36, 9, aaa-*59, 37, «7> "9, **4» 38, ai5» 4*, »3, 



hinese] index 209 

85-91, 210; rumored, 36, 223, 47, 70; planned, 223; cause, 224; Lara blamed for, 
932, 233; mortality in, 41, 90; Span, despoil, 36, 50, 228, 239; offensive acts by 
insurgents, 224, 227, 233; drowned, 36, 224; insurgents commit suicide, 16, 225; 
penalties inflicted, 241; refugees go to China, 247; goods restored to, 249; Chin. 
given more freedom, 258. 

Insurrection of 1686, 4a, 19, 247-251, 44, 301; wealthy remain loyal, 249; 
converted, 250, 251. 

Insurrection falsely reported (1745), 48, 142-144. 

Insurrection of 1762-64, 17, 297, 49, 130, 50, 24, 32; of Parian, conspire against 
Anda, 49, 148; planned, 263, 291. 

Religion, etc.: idolatry punishable, 1, 60, 61; scandalized by ecc disputes, 7, 131; 
teach witchcraft, 7. 139; heathens, 9, 231, 3*9, 3*>, *3, 276, 3a, 76, 36, 9», 44, 
44; heathen should be expelled, 9, 322, 323, 36, 220, 221; heathen pay trib., 16, 
290; destroy ecc property, 29, 225; reported that idol incites insurrection, 238; 
their comedies full of superstition, 31, 68-70; burn convent, 36, 140; heathen watch 
Span, closely, 38, 57; evil effects of their infidelity, 4a, 19, 254, 255, 45, 77; inter- 
course with Fil. should be prohibited, 42, 254-257 ; profane churches, 49, 218. 

Contact with Christianity - exempted from Inquisition, 1, 61; presented to rel., 
4, 89; rel. unwilling to baptize, 6, 63, rel. bribe traders, 91; traders refuse to 
take rel. to China, 114, 115; given rel. instruction in Fil. language, 7, 222; rel. em- 
ploy. 9. 3*4. SO, 200; rel. protect, 10, 8i t 12, 9. 109, 31, 186, 50, 16, 39, 157, 158, 
160, 167; rel. take arms against, 16, 294, 29, 255; qualifications for miss's to, 21, 
51 ; rel. quarrel over admin, of, 23, 232 ; treat rel. well, 29, 203 ; have affection 
for reL, 30, 219, 263, conduct miss's to China, 247; capt befriends rel., 248; rel. 
have censorship of their dramas, 31, 69, 70; inform rel. of plot, 184; rel. try to 
calm insurrection (1662), 36, 227-229, 233-235; in rel. orders, 4a, 253, 254. 

Augustxnian work among, 7, 130, 222, 8, 217, 9, 109, 20, 233, 33, 232, 36, 92; 
Aug. desire to teach, 33, 230; their miss, transferred to Dora., 232; Aug. own shops 
in Tondo, 25, 205; Aug. fight against, 29, 241, 242; loot Aug. (1898), 46, 363. 

Dominicans work among, 6, 317, 7, 13, 15, 91, 223-233, 8, 97, 9, 13, 104, 14, 
«OQ, 17, «57, «o, 211, 18, X13, 20, 232, 239, 22, 201, 212, 270, 294, 23, 16, 59, 
230-233. *5, 204, 2S%, 28, 140, 173, 29, 26, 30, 13, 16, X20, 121, 135, 136, 215-234. 
237, 238, 249, 31, 3«, 14*. **6, a$i» *39» 340* 257, 280, 3a, 11, 76-87, 142, 165, 177- 
179, 266, 35, 33. 36, 74, 91. «*, 37, 74. 95, X09, 123, 38, 55, 39, "3, 50, 162, 
51, 311; Dom. not excluded from instructing, 7, 131; attend Dom. church, 223; 
offer services to Dom., 234; affection for Dom., 235; Dom. baptize, 244; Dom. pro- 
tect, 10, 166; Dom. refuse alms of heathens, 30, 220; give letter to Aduarte, 31, 
126; Dom. app. protector, 148; Dom. disguised as, 32, 243; slay Dom., 36, 229, 
230; suspicious of Dom., 234. Fran, admin., 28, 170. 

Jesuit employ, 10, 150; Jes. influence, 12, 19; Jes. labor among, 22, 198, 212, 280, 
13, 11, 40, x 36, 36, 54, 9*, 4*, "8, 44, ", 37, 44, 45; Jet- maintain, 12, 121; Jes. 
relieved from care of, 13, 76; Parian in Panay ceded to Jes., 28, 172; fire Jes. 
convent, 29, 203; lay -Jes. fights against, 237; rent Jes. land, 34, 33, 43*; land 
in Manila Parian allotted to Jes., 35, 169, 173 ; Jes. oppress, 46, 60, 61. Kill Rec., 
35, 88. Sec. in charge of, 50, 30, 51, 3x2. 

Christians and Converts - reason for not receiving conversion, 6, 306, 7, 232, 308, 
221, 166, 167; favorable to Christianity, 7, 19, 219, 231; in Tondo, Chris, only in 
name, 222; Salazar desires that conversion, 244, 308; become Chris, through self- 
nterest, 16, 196, 42, 19, 253, 43, 58, 45, 77; conversion advocated, 3, 189; con- 
certs in Phil., 1, 39, 3, 18, 168, 228, 300, 6, 17, 127, 128, 152, 285, 7, 34, 91, 



210 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Chinese 

Chinese (continued) — 

i39t 154* i55» 23a, *33. »37» J44i 8, 100, 9, 10, 38, Sh 53, 68, §3$, 319, 3**-S*4t *•» 

83, ii f 77, ia, 96, ixo, 15a, 155, 156, 200, *77, 278, 14, mo, taa, 199, 130, 134, 
«47, 16, 30, si, JO, 19, 64* as*. **» I53» 156, »3. 197, *4, 278, J8, 84, JO, xoj, 
206, 30, 144, 217, «8, *38, 3J, n, 76, 77. 80, 82, 84-86. 35, 279, 36, 54. 9h 
9a, 40, 301, 30«» 44, »9, 455 **w, 31, ax 6, 36, aai; no. in Parian, 36, S05; con- 
verts compelled to cut hair, 6, 30, 306, 7, aa, 91, 92, 343, 344, J J, 166, 167; some 
baptized without cutting hair, 7, 304, 308, JO, 64; piety of converts, 6, 127-119, 
30, 16, 225, 230-234, 237; converts allowed to remain in Phil., 7, 16, 50, a$s; 
their churches, 7, 89, JJ, 165, J3, aso, J4, 328, »9, ***, 3©i ai7, 3a, 177, 3*» 
205, 246 (see also above II - Pari ins) ; celebrate rel. procession, 7, 91, 27, 
331; Chin, make images for churches, 7, 226; build convents, aa8; moat be ex- 
cluded from id^ 9, 334 ; id. in Parian searched, 4 J, 223 ; royal order rdg. their bap- 
tism, 7, 343; occupations should be given Chris., 9, 322-324; Chris, must not aban- 
don trade, 11, 77, 78; Chris, take part in insurrection, I J, 155, 156, J9, 219, 226; 
remain loyal, 14, 134; Chris, claim protection, 134; residence in Parian should be 
limited to Chris^ 15a, 153; treachery of, 16, 33, 34; Span, protect women and chil- 
dren, 35; Chris, pay trib., 190, 44, 136; exempted from trib., J J, 158, 167; not 
allowed to return to China, 196; few worthy, 196; live apart from heathens, 196, 

22, 289, 29, 103, 3 J, 76, 77; their gov., a Chris., 16, 197; Chris, app. capt, 253; 
detained in Manila, J J, 151; rel. orders advise that they be allowed to gamble, 

23, X09, J4, 334; pray for Corcuera, J9, 35; bury idols, 237, 238; celebrate feasts, 

30, 230; their comedies condemned by bp., 31, 68, 69; disguise themselves as 
heathen, 31, 184; Span, and rel. protect, 186, 36, 221; act as miss's, 32, 11, 80, 

84, 86; miraculous escape of convert, 77, 78; conceal superstitions, 347; Mandayas 
kill, 35, 51; tolerated for sake of conversion, 44, 301; plan to tax, 47, lao; buy 
bulls of the Crusade, 51, 120; become secular priests, J8, 238, 258; apostatise, 
10, 192, jj, 166, J9, 228, 49, 276, 50, 157, «6o. 

Hospital in Phil, for, I, 43, 9, 276, 16, 196, JO, 238, 239, 23, 59, 28, 140, 173, 
293, 31, 72, 76, 219, 3 J, 204, 35, 46, 37, 108, 39, 124, 47, 17, «38, 226; Dom. 
found and admin., 7, 21, 18, 113, J3, 59, 233, 30, x6, 125, 2x9-223, 258, 267, 268, 

31, 17, 295, 2x6, 2x7, 3?» 242, 36, 92; transferred to Collado, 35, 33; Chin, sup- 
port, 7, 237, JO, 239, 23, xa, 59, 60, 30, 220, 47, »38, 140; petition planned rdg, 
J J, 48; prejudiced against, 23, 333; means of conversion, 30, 222-225, 237, 268; 
rebuilt, 250. See also Hospitals; and above, I -Religion, etc. 

Other relations with Spaniards', defeated by, 3, 75; captured and plundered 
by, 291, 4, 25, 27, 331, 29, 30; Span, desire to plunder them, 36, 236; ill-treated 
by, 3, 29X, 292, 5, 236-240, 7, 220-223, 9, «8, 252, 10, 15, 83, 166, IJ, 149, 16, 

32, 18, 24, 302, J J, 9, X7, i66 t 167, J9, 2x0, 34, 362, 50, 157; killed by, 4, 29, 
30, 29, 17, 50, 157; punished by, 5, 237; complaints of, by, 9, 20, 203, 13, as, 

24, 271-286, 3x8; robbery by Chin., opposed by Span, forts, 9, 243; suspected by, 
10, 17; penalties should be imposed on, 82; imprisoned by, 14, 41; Span, guard 
against, 26, 196; hated and despised by, 35, 189, 36, 221; threatened by, 329-231. 
Kill Span., 4, 25, 10, xo, 47, 17, 14; partially destroy Span, boat, 4, 26; take ad- 
vantage of them, 7, 225; do not respect sold., 10, 124; desert Morga, 11, x8x, 
18a; cruel to Span, women, 14, 48; fear Span., 13, 290, 17, 122, 36, 2x9, 220, 222, 
223; lose fear of Span., 35, 1x7; hostile to, Ji, 154, 284, 50, 44; abandon Span, 
ambassadors, 23, 239; covet Manila, 31, 183, 184; seize champan, 36, 225; well 
treated by, 3, 76, 84, 181, 182, 276, 4, 88, 7, 2x7, 22X, 9, 47, 301, 317, 3»8, 320, 
17, X22, 23, xo8, 194, 26, 140, 277; good treatment of, advised, 3, 189, 9, 252, 18, 



Chinese] INDEX 211 

307, 308, 31a, 22, 15a, 153, 155, 156; pardoned by, 3. aa8; royal aid given to, 4, 
90; allied with, 17, 109, 29, 76, 44, 15$. Reverence Salazar, 7, aai; caution 
Vera, 9, 49, 5©; deaire to aid, and aid Span., 9, 50, 51, 11, 181, 14, 47, 18, 34; 
feast them, 17, 122; accompany Goiti, 3, 103; give map to Lavezares, 276, 284; 
learn discipline from Europeans, 6, 198, 199; report capture of Span, ship, 8, 270; 
complain of Faranda, 9, 5a; should sail early from Phil., 10, 8a; ships investigated, 
14, 51, 5a; Span, use Chin, ships, 17, 103, 22, 118, 296; act as messenger, 17, 
108; accompany exped. to Igorot country, 20, 280; method of signaling their ves- 
sels, 33, 196; ship-wrecked, 24, 98, 3x1, 43, 117; recover champan, 214, 139, 140; 
come to Span, camp in Mindanao, 37, 272 ; their name for the 'Visitor," 39, 295 ; 
jewels in Luzon, 40, 48, 3x6; ruins, in Luzon, 3x6; prevent destruction of useful 
plants by mob, 48, 283; notes rdg., 9, 322-325; relations with (1605), 14, 38-52; 
join in pillage of Manila, 49, 2x4; conspire against and attempt to kill Anda, 22, 
147; Span, pursue, 148; Anda's vengeance on, 149; disarmed, 264; hanged, 292; 
pardoned, 147, 148, 263; see also Limahon; Manila; above, I -Relations with for- 
eigners, and Insurrections; and below, Relations with Brit 

Relations with British: 49, 19; enter by gate of Parian, 127; conspire with 
Brit, against Span., 148, X49, 262, 263, 276, 29X, 293, 308, 323, 50, 157, 158, 253; 
Brit hang as counterfeiters, 49, 172. See also British; and above, I -Relations 
with foreigners. 

Relations with natives: formed no new race in Phil., 43, 274; mestizos, 17, 
324, 20, 232, 21, 3x3, 23, 223, 51, X02-X06, 52, 18 (see also Mestizos) ; Igorota 
descended from, 14, 302, 37, 243, 43, 1x7; Bukil considered Negrito-Chin, race, 
213, 223; tribes in PhiL descended from, 40, x6, 299, 3x6; Mangyan descended 
from, 41, 237. With Mor.- trade with, 3, 84, 201, 34, 19, 2x6, 40, 182, 43, 169, 
172, 180, 48, 159; captured and imprisoned by, 3, 84, 89, 29, 153, 154; incite them, 
13, 24, 279; furnish them with weapons, 279, 40, 182; disclose their plot, 29, 154; 
trunks, used by Joloans, 43, 148 ; raise swine in J0I6, x6x ; Joloan dress resembles, 
162 ; aid Joloans against Span., 50, 44. With Fil. - complain of natives of Manila, 
3, 95; intermarry with, xox, 102, 6, 75, 8, 273, 12, no, 278, 13, $6, 274, 18, 305, 
306, 20, 232, 22, X56, X75, 23, 2x6, 29, 33, 30, 229, 230, 234, 3*, 287, 40, 301, SO, 
200, 51, xox ; have illicit relations with Fil. women, 11, 56, 57, 51, 272; trade with, 
3, X67, 270, 8, 82, 85, 86, 88, 91, 9, 3*0, 11, 95, 267, 268, 16, 195, 51, *4*; Fil. for- 
bidden to wear Chin, stuffs, 8, 12, 23, 78-95, 279, 3x9 ; cloth, dearer than that of FiL, 
81, 88, 93, 94, 9, 64; Fil. use their mdse., 35, 303; compete with Fil. artisans, 29, 
74, 40, 209; teach method of salt-making, 43, 270; teach method of making sugar, 
51, 248; their influence on Fil., 6, x68, 7, 76, X39, 154, 9, 235, 10, 14, 50, 8x, 149, 
«, 77, 78. ". 9, xo, 15, ixx, 15, X73, 16, 130, X94, X95, 40, 288, 289, 4a, 19, 
*54» *55» 44» I 35» J 3 6 » 45, 77, 5<>, 200, 51, 230; instructed in religion in FiL lan- 
guage, 7, 222; have Fil. servants, 8, 92, 93; should not live among natives, 9, 
109, 42, 254-257; live among, 3x8, 13, 275, 280, 282, 283; not allowed to live 
among, 13, 283, 49, 264, 50, 200; harass FiL, 9, 244; alliance with, feared, 9, 
3x8; form alliance with 49, 301; FiL lose fear of, 12, x6o; incite, to insurrection, 
13, 278, 280; Fil. hostile to, 14, 129, X35, 16, 4X-43, 29, 202, 230, 254, 51. 40-4*, 
231, 272, 53, 64, 68; Fil. regard with contempt, 42, 255, 51, 104; kill ftl. woman, 
29, 325; cheat Fil., 40, 208, 209, 51, 242; Fil. women attend their theaters, 31, 
69; FIL accept beliefs from, 43, xo6, in, 112. 

With Zambals- hostile to Chin., 17, 113, 30, 264. Mandayas kill, 35, 51* 
Igorot customs compared to those of Chin., 37, 243. Negroes (African) - hostile 
to, 29, 202, 36, 223. See also above, I -Relations with foreigners. 



212 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [ChintSOng 

Chintsong: 3, a*8. See Wanleh. 

Chiocfaio (Chin, pro v.) : ia, 93 (tee Chincheo). 

Chipit (Chipico, Chippit, Cippit) : prov. in Mindanao, 33, 307, 3135, 349 (tee alio 
Quipit). 

Chiquiro (capt and Jap. ambassador): in Manila, 15, 104, 351-253, 16, 278-2S1; 
his return delayed, 15, 256, 257; shipwrecked, 258, 16, 281. 

Chirino (Chirinos), Pedro de, S.J.: goes to Phil, za, 207; learns Tagilog, 235; 
learns Chin., 277; labors among wild people, ai, 13; labors in Panay, ia, 203, 207, 
222, 225, 267, 276, 321, 287, 17, 140; accompanies Ronquilto, 9, 293; refuses to stay 
in Mindanao, 293; app. rector, II, 225; procurator, I a, 121, 13, 251; visitor, 4% 
51; native convert accompanies, 12, 259, 260; destroys heathen templet, ap- 
proaches in cathedral, 276 ; preaches to Aug., 278 ; founds residence, 13, 251 ; leaves 
Phil. (July, 1602), 214; his efforts for Jea. univ., 45, 13, 102; dean of law faculty 
of S. Jos* (1627), 117; ill, is, 277, 278; death (Sept 16, 1635), 9, 293; fourteen 
yrs. in Phil., 12, 175; sketch, 9, 293, 12, 175. An historian, 40, 51, 52; grant to 
Cebu scm. (1604?), 13, 22, 251-255, 318; facsimile signature, 7, 215. See also 
Books. 

Chisai, Jacques, S.J.: martyred in Japan, aa, 140. 

Chistino, Diego (gov. of Cochin) : ships ordered from 18, 252. 

Chitsong: Chin, king (1519-1564), 34, 172. 

Chiunchiu: 4, 54. See Chwan-Chow-Foo. 

Chocolate: how adulterated, 47, 274 (see also Plants and trees; and Provisions). 

Chofas: 15, 88. See Chow Phya. 

Choiseul, Due de: his followers in Spain, 50, 284; fabricates letter, 2S6. 

Chombillo, — (Fil. sarg.-may.) : executed for insurrection, 38, 21a 

Choo Yuen Chang (Chin, ruler) : founds Ming dynasty, 43, 173. 

Chordemuco (Chordamuco, Chordumuco, Chordumulo, chief city in Cambojt): 
derivation and signification, 15, 78; identified and described, 31, 89; location, 91; 
Span, in, 15, 78, 83, 85, 145, 182, x88, 16, 265, 31, 176; rel. in, 15, 280. See also 
Pnom-penh. 

Choua, Vicente, S.J.: labors in Ternate, 36, 58. 

Chow Phya (Chofa) : Malay title, 15, 88. 

Chrisostomo (Chrisostomo), Juan, O. P.: sent from Mexico to Europe to institute Phil, 
miss., 30, 1x6, 1x7; obtains letters patent, 1x7; his negotiations at Rome, 1x8, 31, 
73; obliged to abandon idea of Phil, foundation, 30, xx8, 1x9; gathers miss, band, 
119-122, 31, 147; resigns leadership of miss., 30, 122; in Mexico, 124, 235; his 
illness, 200; conducts miss. 201, 204, 235, 236; labors among Chin., 237; found 
Phil. prov. of Holy Rosary, 252, 253, 31, 73, 74, 2x4; sketch, 30, 1x7. 

Christ (Jesus): name used as watchword, 37, 279, 41, 287, 291; swaddling clothes 
of, as relic, 47, 78; Holy Child, 24, 14, 1x7-1x9, 136, 178. Passion of Our Lord- 
printed in Tagilog, 45, 271 ; Fil. sing, 274. See also Ecc. images. 

Christianity and Christians - 

Christianity: Christianity not synonymous with civilization, 51, 83; the only true 
faith (meaning Catholicism, q.v.) t 4, 154, 177; early calendar, 34, 354; est. in 
Rome, 333, 334; in France and Eng., 1, 36; motive for colonization, 35; method of 
propagation and growth, I, 36, 37; aided by popes, 97, xo6, a, 167; sold, asked for, 
and aid in maintaining, X55, 6, 235, 44, 122-124; aided by artillery, 4, 131; would 
be benefited by conquest of China, 24, 224; conversion to, by violence, 3, no, 7, 
287, 288; furthered by trade, 8, X74, X75, 177, x8i, 184, 14, 2x5, 15, 175, 47, 266; 
preservation in Phil, calls for cessation of Chin, trade, 45, 78 ; furthered by educa- 



Christianity] INDEX 213 

tion, 9, 27a; dependent on miss's, 36, 183; furthered by miracles, 18, 308, 41, 17, 
146, 156, 157, 179-181, 183, 44, 71; epidemic causes conversion to, 44, 49; by hosp., 
30, 222-225, 237; Misericordia aids, 47, ia, 36, 38; conversion to, must be by 
lawful and mild means, 6, 58, 9, 225 ; conquest must precede introduction of, 34, 
soi, 204; conversion to, prevented by Port opposition, 3, 7a; retarded by misgovt 
of PhiL, 239, 44, 181 ; hated by oppressed natives, 5, 224-226 ; discredited by evil 
Span., 225, aa7, aa8, 334; retarded by Span., a34t 38, 141, 14a; by Mores, 6, 57, 58, 
47, 280, 283, 284; by lack of miss's, 6, 146, 148, 41, 140; conversion of Chin, pre- 
vented by bp's order, 7, 13; heathens a detriment to, 9, 109; retarded by mar- 
riage customs of natives, 34, 323, 324; by multiplicity of languages, 40, 56; cath. 
sovereigns favor, 1, 100, 108; conversion to, object of Magalhaes exped., 288; 
object of Span, discovery, conquest, and colonization, 3, 51, 58, 92, 99, 176, 187, 233, 
a$St *4ii »5o, a6o, 4, 234, a46, 5, 227, 228, 231, 6, 218, 234, 235, 309, 287, a88, 9» 
150, io, 246, 247, 15, aoa, 16, 193, 227, 2a8, 230, 34» 200, 208, 274, 335. 336, 338, 
44, 122, 124, 45, 322; introduced by Port, 1, 31; introduced by Spin., 46; can be 
introduced into PhiL, 34, 200; Fil. converted to, 45, 48; readily received by FiL, 
46, 7*. 3, 24, 60, 8, 70, 9, 60, 61, 15, 30*. !*• 153. *3, 244; character and effects 
of, in PhiL, I, 84, 85, 7, 45, **t »4» 43, 274, 44, *5» 9«, 4©\ 161, 16a; FiL concept 
of, 10, 107; growth and progress in Phil., 5, 10, 23, 24, 198, 6, 28, 285, 286, 16, 
*50-i55» *7, 5*» *9> 163, 244, 245, 33, 125, 126, 33, 190, X91, *4, 251, 38, 333-337* 
3a, 14, 192, 39, X25, 41, 21, 189, 193, 194, 218, 221-224, 43, 4«» 7*-75, 44, I3» $7» 
60, 61, 90-93* 44, "2, 113, 47, 36; conversion of Mindanaos desired, 4, 231; 
Manila a center for spread of, 6, 298; Igorots refuse, 14, 302; difficulty in preach- 
ing in PhiL, 19, 193; endangered in Phil., 34, 117; Span, conquerors disregard, 
34, 274, 278, 279; slightly introduced into Cagayan, 386; decreases in PhiL, 36, 
z 75» z 7*; attempts at reduction, decrease, i8x; indebted to Dapitans, 40, 122; in 
PhiL, compared to that in other countries, 44, 113; self-interest most potent factor 
in their conversion, 139. Conversion of Borneo planned, 4, 148; good prospects 
for, in Borneo, 28, 99 ; Chin, seeks information rdg., 6, 124 ; China offers rich field 
for, 197, 198, 216, 224, 7, 219; should forestall Mahometanism in China, 2x6; Chin, 
readily accept, 7, 231, 15, 178; estab. and progress, 33, 18, 196-198, 213, 202, 219, 
37-42, 35, 177, 178; conversion of Chin., unreliable, 45, 77 (see also China; and 
Chinese) ; progress in Tibet and Zeilan, 33, 300. Wanes in India, 6, 2x7; Jap. 
desire to embrace and favor, 9, 29, 114, 18, 240; progress, etc., in Japan, 6, 30, 
305, 9. 42, 43t 14. 68, 16, 28x, 33, 140, 34, 187, 31, 171, 282-285; see also Japan; 
and Japanese. Pegu favorable to, 9, 166. Ruler of Camboja favorable to, 9, 
161, 170, 172, 179, 15, 137, 33, 306; Cambodians must adopt in order to re- 
ceive Span, aid, 9, 175; planned for Camboja, 9, 177; introduced into, 44, 97; see 
also Camboja; introduction and progress into Cochinchina and Tonkin, 18, 2x3, 
33, 307; royal instructions rdg. introd. into Ladrones, 34, 250-254; its progress in 
Formosa, 35, 37; good prospects for, in Palaos, 41, 55; effort to estab. in Siam 
(q.v.) 43, 215- 

Christians and converts: Chris, defined, 3, 300; attitude of Prot toward converts, 
1, 36; Span. sold, poor Chris., 45; Chris, in Columbus's fort, 99; papal admo- 
nition to, 138; wars betw. Chris, princes, 7, 273, 274; Chris, owe tithes, 275; may 
not be made slaves, 8, 2x2. 

Among native peoples of Philipines. - FiL unique among Asiatic, 1, 20; FiL are 
good Chris., 45, 46; in Fil. plays, 81; women in PhiL, 85; in encomiendas, 7, 273, 
274; must pay trib. and taxes, 280, 8, 149, 43, 58; allied with Span., 8, 225, 47, 
123; protected in Phil., 235; seek protection of Span., 44, 151; first in PhiL, 1, 34, 



214 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Christianity 

CHMSTiANrnr and Christians (continued) — 
9, 116, ia, 179, J **» 96, 34, 391; heathen favored at expense of, 9, 317; seal of, 

11, 199; scourge themselves, 12, 2S8 (see also Ecc) ; abandon tatooing, 16, in; 
patron saints allotted to, 17, 61; Mor. observe marriage rites of, si, 218; their 
settlements destroyed by wars, 28, 102 ; austerities practiced by, 30, 188, 189, 31, 
83 (see also Flagellation) ; incited to revolt, 36, 139, 37, 146 (see also Insurrec- 
tions) ; guilty of concubinage with Mahometans, 38, 71 ; take part in Chris, feast, 
40, 68; Moros form alliance against, 41, 112, 113 (see also Mor.) ; Span, a ba ndon, 
314; rice given to, 43, 215, 2x6; relate their traditions, 220, 248; Mandayan mur- 
dered, 213; cultivate cacao, 243; give alms abundantly, 44, 31; Malanaos desire to 
become, 99; roam through rats., 104; live among heathens, 114; reduced to ana, 
51, 49; in various places and among various peoples, I, 34, 59, 3, 60, 78, 92V149, 
166, 277, 300, 4, *35t 7, S5t 47, »7*, *, **o, 9t 104, 116, 10, 19, 20, II, 203, 204, 
1 a, 25, 201, 203, 275, 282, 291, 19, 216, 218, 285-287, 31, 243, 35, 106, *«, 89, 93, 
95, 96, 160-162, 31, 71, 33, 155-161, 330, 34, *9»» 3«3» 3*7, 39*, 35, 60, 36, 60, 1S6, 
39, 97, 40, X63, 298, 299, 41, 135, 4^, 12a, 43, 268, 269, 44, 57, 66, 93, 102-104, 129; 
their no. in Phil., and various parts of PhiL, 1, 40, 86, 7, 167, 18, 95, 96, 19, 285, 
J8, 13, 178, 31, 200, 36, 62, 64, 66, 158, 205, 41, 19, 39, 95, 128, 144, 165, 17S1 
z 74f z 93, *94» 3*5, 3 x6 » 44, 166; numerous in Phil., 7, 167, 36, 64, 66; few, in PhiL, 
34, 234 ; increase of, 36, 14, 162, 175 ; few in N. Segovia, 37, 98 ; increase o£ in 
N. Segovia, 31, 200; increase of, in Siao, 4a, 123; few pagans converted, 50, 130; 
none in Babuyanes, 16, zo6. 

Among Chin, (in China and Phil.) -Nestorian, in China, 4, 57; become Chris, 
through self-interest, 6, 286; required to cut hair, 7, 13; dress like Span., 10, 83; 
shops in Parian must be owned by Chrifc, 14, 153 ; pay trik, 247; in various placet, 
I, 39, 3, 168, 228, 300, 7, 9*, 139, *S4, »55» **>> »37, *» 100, 9, 10, 38, 40, 53. * 
»47, «35, 3i9. 3*2, 3»3, *o, 83, 11, 77, 78, 12, 96, no, 15a, 155, 200, 277, 278, 14, 
z2o, 122, 129, 130, 134, 18, 208, 306, 36, 92, 39, 123, 40, 301, 302 (see also Chins; 
and Chinese) ; Chris, must be allowed freedom in Borneo, 4, 153, 154. Cafre, 4, 
223; no. in E. archipelago, 6, x8; exempt from trib. in Camboja, 9, 172; in Cam- 
bodian guard, 172; in Camboja, 15, 141; among Cochinchinese, 31, 179. 

Among Dutch (to Catholicism), II, 199, 200, 13, x6, 17, 57, 58, 37, 17, 310; 
see also Dutch. 

Japanese - hide friars, 15, 200; allowed in Japan, 15, 254; lepers exiled from 
Japan, 28, 307; desire to go to Chris, country, 3a, 189; support native priest, 293; 
among, 8, 233, 264, 9, 34, 43, 147, 263, ia, 200, 201, 14, 219, 15, 2ox, 18, 218; their 
no., 14, 221; few, 15, 255; many, 16, 199; villages of, in Moro Is^ 16, 58. 

Various places -in Moluccas, secret Chris., 16, 237, 254; numerous, 241; in- 
structed, 17, 2x0. In Batochina [i.e., Gilolo] and other places, 16, 3x5. In Mari- 
anas, 52, 336. 

Conversions and work among natives - undertaken by rel. orders, 2, 162, 36, 
264; miss's needed for, 3, 276, 34, 205; rel. under obligation to extend, 44, 120, 
X2i; bp. must procure, 4, iai, 122; Aug. engage in, 1, 34, 6, 18, 126, 143, 146, 

42, 254; Aug. abandon, 8, 57; Jes. engage in, 6, 30, 305, 9, 42, 43, II, 14, 15, 

12, 165, 203, 207, 208, 258-262, 19, 48, 28, 93, X02, 340, 44, 11, 28, 33, 50, 63, 
6*6, 74, 93, 98-xox, 103 ; Rec. engage in, 21, 133, 178, 181, 243, 35, ", 81, 82, 90, 
102, 36, 109, 41, 21, 22, 110, 154, 155, 173, x8x, 183, 185, 190, 193, 194. **3, M4J 
Dom. engage in, 30, 171, 234, 235, 31, *7, 80, *3h 174, 3*, »7» S», 3*, *7> H7» 

43, 14, 75, 7^, 84, 9», 93, 47, H*; Fran, care for lepers, 35, ao, 310; engage in 
conversions, 12, 192, 193, 207, 35, x2i, 123, 124; see also the various rel. orders; 



Church] INDEX 215 

apostates, 6, 59, 13, 58, 16, 242, *i, 60, 33, 31a, 34, 306, *8 t 97, 150, 166, 36, 
176, 40, s<Ht 3©5» 4 *» *3» i«o, 206, 238, 43, 13, 67, 44, w, 4* 

PersecutioD of, and hostility to - Mahometans hostile to, 4, 150, 6, 59 (Moors), 
31, 234, 24, 4*» 4*» 3 az ; Chin - penalties for becoming, 6, 125, 208, 7, 33a; Chin, 
publish books against Christianity, 33, 248; persecutions and hostility, 6, 197, 18, 
19, 206-208, 19, 47, 48, 31, 179* 37, 386; Siamese hostile to, 9, 162-164, 166, 167, 
31, 179 ; hostilities toward, in Champa, 10, 18, 239 ; persecutions, martyrdoms, etc*, 
in Japan, 10, 25, 14, 220, 221, 15, 121-123, 128, 254, 16, 48, 18, 19, 63, 8z, 3x6- 
«9* 374, 19, 9, 10, 49-53, 30, xo, X2, 25-28, 88, 31, 253, 33, xa, X20, X26, 184, 307- 
%i6, 33, 16, 64, X73, 236, 34, 22, 25, 96, 229-242, 268, 269, 276, 323, 36, xo, 41, 
3)7, 49, X13, 114, 327, 39, xo, Si, 31, 16, 244, 255, 256, 278-282, 33, 9. 10, 3X-44, 
47-S«» 59, 67-7*, ia6 " I 4*, 162-X67, 180-X83, 20X, 2x7-220, 224, 244, 345, *93, 394, 
37, *6, 47, 40; by heretics, 17, 12, 19, 26-28, 41, xo6 (see also Dutch) ; martyred 
by Diocletian, 30, 100; Mor. hostile to, 33, xx6, 41, 3", 43, 365, 47, 270; pagans 
allied with heretics against, 41, 106; Cimarrons hostile to, 206; native converts op- 
pose misty and conversion, 228, 43, 53-59 ; native priestesses hostile to, 43, 56, perse- 
cuted in Formosa, 33, 224. 

Captives -in Borneo, 4, 154; held as slaves, X76, 37, 262, 39, 124, 41, 283; 
made by, and among Mor., 14, 133, 15, X93, 17, 320, 19, 264, 37, 3x4, 3x5, 340, 
318, 100, 39, 24, 99, xx6, 41, "H, xxo; rescued, ransomed and freed, 16, 238, 21, 
25x4, 37, 2x9, 222, 296, 297, 3x5, 316, 320, 324, 350, 355, 38, 60, 6x, 39, 35, 99, 
100, x2o, iso> 163, 40, 103, X55, 41, 297, 44, 13, 62, 78; Chin, sacrifice, 16, 262; 
Javanese capture, 37, 262 ; escape, 272, 322, 39, 126, 148 ; take part in procession, 
^7, 337, 39, 133 ; arrive at Manila, 149. 

Christian doctrine and instruction: translated for Fil., X, 79, 30, 306, 33, 195, 
41, 211; taught in Phil., 81; difficulty of giving, 6, 175, X76; Fil do not receive, 
196, 36, 265, 266; natives receive, 31, 27, 28, 43, 58, X05, 106, 1x6, X52, 169, X78, 
334, 38, 86, 30, 186, 239-24X, 309, 31, 29, 37, 33, 202, 233, 273, 34, 39i, 36, 59, 
6x, xxo, 37, 341, 38, 26, 43, 49, 44, 36, 107, 108; Chin, receive, 30, 222; native 
chiefs and natives request, 3x3, 34, 3x8; encomenderos neglect, 31, 273, 274; Span, 
obliged to give, 33, 193 ; Malanaos must receive, 35, 102; taught in San Jos* coll., 
44, 35', taught in schools, 45, 246, 247, 252, 253, 258, 261; chanted in street, 44, 
35, 37 J taught to slaves and negroes, 41 ; taught on ship, 76 ; see also Books. 

See also the various countries; the various rel. orders; Catholics; Church; Coun- 
cils; Ecclesiastical; Heretics; Protestants; and Religious. 

Ihriste Bicaria, Ana de: 26, 29. See Crista Bicaria. 

Ihristo Bicaria, Ana de (sister of Poor Clares) : signs petition, 33, 107. 

!hristo, Gerdnimo, 31, 1x5. See Crista Jeronimo. 

!hristo, Magdalena de, 33, 107. See Crista. 

Ihristoforo (Christofie) : Siamese merchant baptized, 33, 159, 336. 

Ihu, Ocuna de: 15, 87. See Ocuna de Chu. 

!hun (Chin, capt) : slain by Tartars, 18, 209. 

Ihuntche (Chin, emperor) : succeeds to throne (1643), 33, 197. 

Ihunti (Chin, emperor, last ruler of Mongol dynasty) : defeated (1367), 43, 173. 

feuny, Prince of: title of Tartar chief Yenta (?.*.), 3, 3x3. 

Irapinanu (Chupinannu, Chupinanon, son of Anacaparan) : rules as king of Cam- 
boja, 15, 87, 146, 150; defeated, 146, 151; flees, 153. 

Ihupinaqueo (kinsman of Prauncar Langara) : imprisoned, 15, 145; escapes and op- 
poses usurper, 145, 146; defeat and death, 146, 147. 

!harch (as an institution): Roman Cath. (The Church) - stands for authority, 



2l6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Church 

Church (continued) — 
8> 33» 34, 337. 50, 272; authority orer infidels limited, 8, 33; Kinds for mors% 
and religion, 5 a, 262; more powerful than kingship, 8, 159; confines knowledge ts 
priests, 51, 115; condemns modern teachings, 5?» *53; needs govt support, 164 
263; should be united with state, 264; ceremonies impress FiL, 1. 38; rules PhiL, 
49, 70; its attitude toward Fil n 76, 77; pontiffs, 346-350, 3, 166, 167; ecumenkil 
councils of, 166 (see also Councils) ; receives shares and tithes, 3, 140; militant, 
4, 119; approval by, of secular undertakings, 5, 27; celebrates holy days, 9, 220, 34, 
354; rites, ceremonies, ordinances, and dogmas, 12, 1x6, 117, ai, 35, 34, 357, 3$!, 
37, 2x3; its ministers respected, ai, 46; heresies threaten, 34, 3x6; "child of the," 
4a, 52; abuses creep into Spanish, 50, 270; govt of Span., 270, 271; Jet. injure, 
3x3; its preeminence upheld, 52, 237; rel., defenders of, 261; secularization con- 
tradicts rights of, 266; freedom of worship contrary to original laws of, aft; 
claims jurisdiction over San Jose* coll., 45, 139; Tift's ruling in regard to prop- 
erty, 235. Armenian - history, 21, 275; in Coromandel, 43, 153. Greek or Rn> 
sian - Armenians separate from, ai, 275; Armenians subject to, 275. No estsb. 
church in N. Eng., 1, 77. Aglipayan (Fil. Independent) - founded by Agtipiy, 
45, 234, 235; rules of, cited, 234-239. Jewish -ruled by law of Moses, 18, 207. 
See also the various rel. orders, Catholics, Christianity and Christians, Brrfttjfjtt- 
cal, Hebrews, and Religious. 

Churches. See Ecc: Churches. 

Chwan-Chow-Foo (Chincheo, Chinchew, Shen-tsheou, Tsiuen-Tchou, Tsrasa- 
tchau, Chin, prov.) : location, 3, 41; distance from Manila, 4, 54; its inhak, 34, 
173. See also Chincheo. 

Ciaghama, Raia: chief of Bohol, 33, 136. 

Ciama (£ian, Cian) : 4, 65, ia, 203, 33 % 139. See Siam. 

£ibu: a, axi. See Cebu, and Islands: Cebu. 

Cibuyan (vill. in Visaya) : insurrection in, 41, xxo. 

Cicanbul (Cicambul): Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 

Cicatuna: a, 208. See Sicatuna. 

Cid, Capt Pedro: kills man in duel, 11, 279; his pay, 26, 183. 

Ciga y Linage, Juan Jose* de: custom-house judge, 39, 300. 

Cigala: a, 208. See Sigala. 

Cigarettes: mfre. of, 17, 335; cases, materials used in, 40, 291. See also Plants and 
trees: tobacco. 

Cigars: exported, 17, 334; mfre. of, 335, 51, 271 ; as present, 28, 252; Joloans smoke, 
43, 152, 164; Fil. smoke, 50, 109, xxo; children smoke in Manila, 51, 174; use at 
money, forbidden, 64; poor quality made in Phil., 5a, 76. Cases (fetacas) -ma- 
terials used in, 40, 291; made at Baliuag, 5a, 3x3; described, 3x3, 3x4; prises 
for making, 322. See also Plants and trees: tobacco. 

Cigayan (CigayAn, Cigayan, Cigayen, vill. in Luzon) : pop. decreases, 41, 69; in- 
surrection in, ai, 14, 180, 181, 41, 69; Dutch burn, 36, 140; convent destroyed, 
41, 131; Rec. in, ai, 14, 180-182; Rec. abandon, 41, 69. 

Ciggan (Chin, sea-capt.) : in Manila, 14, xoo. 

Ciguatanejo (vill. in Mex.) : location and conjectural identification, 16, 205, 206. 

Ciguey (Chin, sea-capt.) : in Manila, 14, 190. 

Ciguibucan: Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 

Cilapulapu (chief of Matan) : his vill. burned, 33 t 167; refuses to swear allegiance 
to Humabon, 175; defies Magalhies, 20, 21. 

Cilaton: Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 



>laramonte] index 217 

Slimanzur (Cili Manzur) : son of Abuleis, S3* *59» 3$4- 

SHpagi (Cili Pagi, Cilli Paggi) : son of Abuleis, 33, 2$% 364. 

Slumai (Cilumay) : Cebuan vill, 33, 167, 337. 

Smaningha: Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 

Smarrons (Cimarrones, Cimarrons, Zimarrones, Zimarrones, Zimarrones, appella- 
tioo applied indiscriminately and vaguely to "wild" natives and natives who had 
apostatized, of Malay extraction, and to the Negritos [?.*.]) : meaning of term, ai, 
S39, 240; first inhab. of Phil, [i.e., Negritos], 41, 237; belong to third class of in- 
hak, 40, 298; habitat, ax, 239, 3x2, a8, 166, 35, 3*8, 36, 176, 195, 4<>, 298, 41, 
126, 174, 206, 223; dwell in trees, 21, 239; their houses, 240, 241; occupations, 40, 
2)98 ; retain old condition, 298 ; wear two kinds of earrings, 328 ; said to have tail, 
41, 237; their longevity, 44, 58, 59; their ceremonies, 41, 207, 208; worship devil, 
207, 44, 59; children of Chris, parents, 28, 150; flee to mts., 150; apostates, 150, 
41, 126, 127, 174, 206, 223, 247; unpacified, 36, 195; ravage Chris, vill., 41, 206; 
feared, 223; Fil. permitted to enslave, 44, 58; miss, work among; 218, 166, 36, 
174, 176, 41, "8, 13a, i74t »75, *o7, 223-226, 230, 43, 38, 44, S<* 59. 102; poison 
Reo, 41, 230; Zambal convert aids in reducing, 43, 38. 

CSmaticat: Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 

ftnbus (encomienda in Phil.): status (1591), 8, 112, 113. 

!inay: 4, 25. See Sinay. 

3ncin (Chin, port) : location, 3, 226. 

Cindila, Bartoloml (Span, conquistador) : encomienda assigned to, 34, 306. 

Cingani (Zingari) : origin of name, 33, 303. See also Gypsies. 

Cinghapola: Cebuan chief and vill., 33, 167, 337. 

Cmtay (Chin, in Span, service) : his pay, 216, 158. 

Cintra (Sinzia, Zinzio), Pedro (Piero), de (Port navigator): his voyage (1462), 

I. J 93. 
Cionciu (China) : location, 3, 226, 227. 
Cipangu: 33 t x6. See Japan. 
Cippit: 33, 23a See Quipit 
Ciray (Chin, sea-capt.) : in Manila, 14, 19a 
Circumcision: Mahometan rite, 7, 69; why practiced, 5, 119; introduced into Phil., 

43, xio; practiced in Phil., 3, 60, 7, 69, 15, *9*, *6, ^134, 31, 229, 34. 3*8» 39, 35. 

37-42, 40, 88, 133, 220, 365, 41, 321, 43, "o, 187. 
Circuncision, Joseph de la (Rec) : becomes definitor, 41, 136. 
Srilo de la Cajigas, Joaquin (chief accountant) : opposes Gardoqui, 51, 34, 35. 
Xscar, Capt Gabriel (naval officer) : compiles rules for naval acad., 45, 253, 267. 
Cisneros, Gonzalo, S.J., death, 44, 77. 
Cisneros, Lorenzo de, O.S.A.: sketch, 37, 208, 209. 
Cisoeros Jimenez (Ximenes), Card. Francisco de (abp. of Toledo, grand inquisitor, 

and statesman) : acts as regent, 1, 352; found univ. of Alcala (1508), 8, 164. 
Cistenes, Jacintho, O.P.: martyred, 31, 200. 

Cistercians (rel. order) : granted immunities, 25, 2x1; hist sketch, 21 x, 212. 
Cisterns: rel. hide in, 32, 205. See also Wells. 
Chrica, Juan de (royal sec*y) : official acts, 14, 188, 192, 196, 275, 277, 279, 280, 18, 

272, ai, 88. 
!laasz, Jacob (adm. in Noordt's fleet): marooned, 11, 152; sketch, 152. 
Clain, Paul (Pablo), S.J.: life and labors, 41, 39, 44, 1x8, 47, 179; "Discovery of 

the Palaos Is.," J J, 203, 41, 9, *o, 39-56, 273, 5*, 349- 
Haramonte, Vicente Francisco: father of San Fulgencio (?.*.), 36, 185. 



2i 8 the Philippine islands [Clares 

Claret, Poor (nuns of Santa Clara, order of nuns) : receive subsidy from govt, 37, 

135 ; their l*nds immune from seizure, 43, 105, 107; branches in order, 33, 104; 

hist sketch, 104; letter from Manila sisters, 31, 13, 14, 104-107, 331. 
Clarete, Isidro, S.J.: sketch, 39, 197. 

Claristes: branch of Poor Clares, 33, 104. See Orders, Religious: Clares. 
Cttudio (Claudio) de Verastegui, Capt Juan (Joan, Span, officer) : takes part is 

festivities, 33, 56; campaigns in Mindanao, 117; sent with committee to ahp>, if, 

a86; his ranch burned, 39, 351; ambassador to Macao, 35, 180. 
Claver, Martin, O.S.A.: arrives in Manila, 34, 138; sketch, 39, 365. 8ee mbo Boob. 
Claverfa y Zaldua, Nardso (conde de Manila, gov. of PhiL, July 16, 1844 -Dec. **> 

1849) : campaigns against Mor., 43, 385; decrees by, 38, $19, 320, 43, 194; sketch, 

17, 3°4» I©* 
Clavijo, Capt — : accompanies mining exped. to N. Luzon, 14, 33, 398, 399, 304. 
Clay: moulds made from, 3, 136; Visayans paint bodies with, 143; idols made from, 

13, 373; fire-balls made from, 39, 198; used for calking; 31, 84; buried, 33, ts$; 

fine, in China, 43, 149 ; memorial on, 53, 319. See also Earthenware. 
Clement: Visayan convert, 13, 166. 
Clement, Francois, S.J.: letter, cited, 33, 198. 
Clemente, Alonso, O.S.A.: app. visitor, 37, 315; sketch, 315. 
Clemente, Jose" Patricio (govt sec*y) : his efforts and work for education, 46, 340, 

*4«. «44- 

Clemente, Juan (Joan), O.S.F. (lay-brother): founds and works in bosp., 7, 13s, 
16, 143, 38, 137, Z44t 31, 53. 35, 387, 388; resists temptation, 31, 53, 54; sketch, 
7. «3*. 

Cleveland, — (Eng. official): letters to, 49, 13-15, 44-59, 347- 

Cloche, Antonio, O.P. (master-gen.) : authorizes publication of Santa Cruz's hist, 
35, 35. 

Clocks: in Aud. bldg., 11, 387; Jet. regulate, 35, 178; brass, as present, 38, 365; ex- 
ported from Europe to China, 48, 375. 

Clotet, Jos* Maria, S.J.: letter (May 11, 1889), 43, 23, 96, 288-309. 

Clothing — 

In general: materials, 3, 130, 140, 301, 233, 229, 3, 163, x68, 300, 341, 369, 4, 
67, 286, 5, "7. *. *3*» 8. 80, «4» 89, 10, 74, 134, 13, 63, 186, 187, 306, 13, 185. 
15, X34, *9*, 16, 77, 78, 107, 112, 143, 197, 198, 222, 223, 19, 65, 66, 31, 300, JJ, 
56-58, 34, 277, 39, 286, 290, 307, 30, 219, 31, 46, 220, 230, 3», 28, 37, 375, 37S, 
280, 283, 33, 43, 47. *5» 109, 123, 147, 259, 34, 6x, 185, 35, 3©3, 37, 100, 153, 3*1 
27, 29, 67, 39, 4i, 99, 302, 40, 45. *2, 63, 141, 142, 144, 285, 290, 304, 328, 329, 
4*, 153, 43, 150. «$»• 1**1 45, 175. 176, 48, 94. Si, 155; foreign materials pre- 
ferred, 44, 289; abundant in Phil., 3, 299, 33, 80 (see also Filipinos: Social and 
economic life); Fil. lack, 3, 257, 8, 80; as presents, 1, 258, 3, 262, 14, 383, 15. 
258, 33, «5, 34, 59; •■ trib., 3, 259; given as alms, 8, 248, 14, 3ii, 35, a8s, 44, 
74, 47, 39, $*» 3x2; in trade and barter, 1, 299, 6, 28, 287, 302, 7, 161, 336, 8, 81, 
82, 85, 86, 91-93, «» 57, *3, 3©, 34, 55, 37, 243, 44, 268; cheap, 10, 126; Span, 
and sold, need, 3, 203, 4, 84, 18, 15, 144; sold, pawn weapons for, 6, 178; should 
be furnished from roy. excheq., 4, 82, 6, 160; furnished by roy. ezcheq. for various 
purposes, 45, 255, 47, 167; should be furnished from Mex., 6, 203; furnished to 
slaves, 7, 180; furnished to sold., 10, 64, 18, 43, 44, 30, 58, 33, 214, 34, 335, 
332; natives furnish to Span., 34, 333 ; Univ. of Santo Tomis furnishes to students, 
45, 249; sold, lose, 9, 282; sold, sell, 10, 91; sold, seize, 36, 50; how kept in 
Manila hosp., 8, 247-249; saved from shipwreck, 1 6, 310; lepers need, 17, 73; 



Clothing] INDEX 219 

miss's compelled to tell, 34, 70; Dom. own in common, 3*1 168; carried in trunks, 
39* 3<"; mutt be tent from Manila to Mindanao, 44, 83; indicates rank, 4, 53, 
ao, 370; buried with dead, ia, 303, ai, 139, 208; offered in sacrifice, 157, 40, 80, 
338; furnished to Zambals, 43, 45; restrictions rdg^ 5, 263, 8, xa, 78-95, 279, 319. 
Articles of clothing enumerated: Americana (kind of coat), defined, 5a, 354, 
357. Capes, TagaJogs wear, 16, 113; Span, wear, 37, 381. Cloaks, material made 
of, 19, 316, 37> Z5S; a* ftlms, 14, an; in trade and barter, 19, 311, 34, 55; as 
present, 33, 235; students wear, as, 195; used as blankets, 30, 319; friars and 
priests wear, 319, 31, 208, 36, 30; black, sign of mourning, 31; mil., 42. Coats, 
gobernadorcillo wears frock, 17, 331 ; Fil. wear, 40, 339. Doublet, requisitioned 
from Mex^ a, 191; worn by Fil., 3, 163; material made of, 6, 305. Jackets, 
gobernadordUos wear, 17, 331; Fil. wear short (ropillas), 40, 6a, 63; worn as 
insignia of rank, 3x8. Jerkins, as present, 33, 59. Jumper, described, 5, 103; 
Saltambarca, resembles jumper, 5, 103. Tunics, Rec wear, ai, 134; Fil. wear, 
29, 386; woolen, 31, 330, 3a, 375. Blankets, requisitioned from Mex., a, 190; 
cloaks used as, 30, 3x9; (see also Blankets). Bonnets, Chin., 4, 48; sec wear, 
3«, 56. Caps, in barter, I, 399, 33. 26$ ; as presents, 103, 113, 115, 147, 315, 353, 
361, 34> a6x; Je>*» 3. zox, 10a; velvet, 6, 50; Borneans wear, 33, 3x3; Cebuans 
wear, 337. Hats, materials made from, a, 120, 140, 4, 37, ai, 303, 40, 385, 390, 
391, 5a, 6x; Tag. women make, 51, 371; made at Baliuag, 5a, 3x3; prizes given 
for mfre. of, 333; Chin, wear, 4, 37, 16, 197; gobernadordUos wear, 17, 331; 
Chamorros wear, 33, 97; worn by natives in Phil., 16, 78, 159, x6x, 40, 63, 
338, 43, 393, 5a, 6x ; requisitioned from Mex^ a, 191 ; imported into Phil., 6, 50; as 
present, 9, 48, 49; friars' carried by Fil., 10, 78; removed in court, 11, 38, 39; 
high-crowned, 17, 331; mushroom, 331; members of Misericordia wear, 36, 3a 
Turbans, described, 39, 386, 40, 338; Moluccans wear, 16, 333; worn in PhiL, 
40, 338, 43, 151; as present, 46, 56. Veils, gauze, in trade, a, 307; used in mar- 
riage ceremony, 4a, 5a, 6a; on processional cross, 6a. Breechcloths (bahag, 
bahaques, loin-cloths), described, 40, 304; worn in Phil., 3, aoo, 370, 4, 67, 37, 
100, 40, 338. Breeches, materials, a, 191, 6, 305, 3a, 135, 35, 75, 40, 142; Chin, 
wear, 3, 168; Fil. wear, 40, 6a, 63; Span, wear, 14a; requisitioned from Mex^ 
a, 191 ; as present, 33, 59. Drawers, Fil. wear, 16, 78 ; Span, wear, 37, 35. Po- 
lainas, 3a, 107 (see below Trousers). Saluales (kind of drawers), worn in Phil., 
40, 339. Chimones (kimonos?), forbidden in Acapulco trade, 44> 2 &7> 368. 
Hosiery (hose, stockings), netted, 6, 50; materials made of, 6, 305, 36, aoi, 39, 
302, 44, 268, 45, 36, 45; made by native women, 23, axx; fine, made in Phil., 48, 
307; in trade, 39, 30a, 44, «68, 285, 45, 3*, 45, 47. 51, 1541 Chin, wear, 3, 168; 
sold, need, 10, 63; Span, cease to wear, 40, 347; Fil. wear, 339; Vela requests, 
49, >94* Garters, described, 40, 6a; Fil. wear, 16, 77. Sandals, material, a, 191, 
6, 305, 17, 136, ^2 t 306, 31, 253; requisitioned from Mex., a, 191; shepherds', 
17, 136. Shoes, material, a, 191, 16, 198, 17, 331, 38, 64; natives wear, 16, 78, 
M t 306, 40, 63, 339, 330, 43, 163; rel. forbid natives to wear, ai, 105; natives do 
not wear, 3, 163, 4, 67, 39, 386, 38, 34, 40, 357, 339; Mindanao chief desires 
Eng*» 39, 43; gobernadorcillos wear, 17, 331; requisitioned from Mex., a, 191; 
value, 3, 369; in trade, 6, 50, 7, 226, ia, 192, 14, 133; sold, need, 10, 63; needed 
in Manila, 16, 4a; as present, 33, 2x5; Span, cease to wear, 40, 347; univ. of Sto. 
Tomis provides, 45, 349. Slippers, gobernadorcillos wear, 17, 331 ; Fil. wear, 40, 
330; Chin, worn by Joloan women, 43, 163. Girdles, material, 40, 304, 4a, 309; 
worn as penance, 309; sold by friars, 50, 151. Sashes, described, 40, 63, 339. 
Scarfs, headdress, 16, 112, 33, x6x; worn at festivities, n t 53; worn by students, 



220 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Clothing 

Clothing (continued) — 

45, a*4- Handkerchiefs, material, 39* 7h 44, *6ft; among communal bekogmp 
of rel., 31, 168; embroidered, 40, 135; worn, 39, 71, 40, 135; in trade, 43, 16% 
44, 268, 51, 153. Kerchiefs, woven in Phil., 5a, 317. Mantillas, Fil. wear, 40, 
*3t 33o; as present, 13, 143. Mantles, students wear, 36, six, aia; officers of 
Inquis. wear, 37, 281 (see above Capes). Shawls, material, 4, 48; in trade, a, 14s; 
as present, 4, 48. Petticoats, material, 39, 99; Fil. women wear, 2, 140, 16, 78, 
J °7* 39, 99* 40, 330. Sarong (skirt), described, 34, 185; FiL wear, 185. Skim, 
Fil. women wear, a, 140, 40, 63. Robes, material, 10, 134; FiL wear, 3, 370, 16, 
107; Joloans possess, 43, 149; «cc, persons wear, 19, 64, 50, 267; in trade, 16, 
180; buried with dead, 30, 293; as present, 33, 147, 149, 215, 235, 253. Cassocks, 
material, 37, 153. Surtouts, members of Misericordia wear, 36, 3a Sayuelo) 
(kind of shift), described, 16, 107. Shifts, woolen, worn by reL, 16, 107. Shirts, 
material, 6, 205, 30, 283, 31, 4*, 35, *93J FiL wear, 3, 200, 4, 67, 17, 138; *fl- 
method of wearing, 5a, 61, 357; Chin, wear, 15, 70; Span, wear, 17, 138, 34, 
217, 37, 25 ; converts wear in Span, style, 35, 123 ; hair, worn as penance (generally 
by reL), 17, 59, *3, *30, 30, 283, 31, 243, 272, 3*, *8, 290, 35, «93 5 red. worn by 
bailanes, 40, 135; requisitioned from Mex., a, 190; value, 3, 369; sold, need, 9, 
288, 10, 63; as present, 33, 59, 43, 73; baro (kind of shirt) -worn in PhiL, 40, 
328. Swaddling-clothes, as present, 31, 27. See also the various tribes and peoples; 
Combs; Ornaments; and Textiles. 

Cobarrubias, Capt — : sent to Albay, 11, 14a See also Covarrubias. 

Cobblers. See Artisans. 

Cobelo, Alonso, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43, 32. 

Cobissa, Matheo, O.P.: life and labors, 3a, 183-185. 

Cobo (Cobos) Juan (Joan) de, O.P.: educated in Alcali, 31, 36; enlists in Phil, 
miss. (1586), 30, 121; saves ship from burning, 123; remains in N. Espafia, 125; 
preaches in Mexico, 200, 201 ; banished to Phil., 201, 31, 300; goes to Phil., 201- 
204; escorts miss., 257; assigned to Baybay, 217, 218; labors among Chin., 7, 233- 
236, 30, 209, 219, 31, 2x6; knows Chin, language, 7, 233, 238, 30, 209; Chin, 
woman writes, 7, 236; Chin, accompanies, 9, 46, 53; discusses Span-Chin, alli- 
ance, 49; discusses Jap. affairs with Chin., 53; tries to detain Chin. Chris^ 30, 
263; complains of Chin, comedies, 31, 68; dcfinitor (1588), 30, 207; provincial 
(ad interim), 247 249; apptmt. by, 249; makes visit (1589), x6, 230-233; app. 
lecturer (1592), 261; instructs reL, 3a, 98; his embassy to Japan and negotiations 
there (159a), 8, **, **5, 9, 10, 23-57, "3, *5, "8, 30, 269, 31, 75, 148, ***** 
reason for his embassy, 8, 267; Solis with, 9, 33, 34; Lopez with, 38; gives letter 
to Lopez, 38; Lopez cautions, 49; embarks for Manila, 38; mistrusts Jap., 41; 
Sami accompanies, 41, 42; fails to reach Manila, 56; thought to have perished, 37; 
his shipwreck and death (1593), 8, 265, 9, 10; sketch, 8, 265, 30, iaz, 267; hit 
zeal and courage, 200; signs Dom. opinion, 8, 223, 225; writes letters in Japan, 9, 
26; writes Faranda, 26; writes letters to Manila, 33; writes to Hunquin, 45; let- 
ter to G. Perez Dasmarinas (1593), cited, 56; bears Jap. letters patent, 25; Hidc- 
yoshi writes, 35; Hidey. gives letters to, 44. 

Cobos (Covos), Francisco de los (royal sec'y) : official acts, I, 139, 158, 175, 221, 
272, 273, 279, 285, 292, 295. 

Cobos, Licentiate Juan de los (sec. priest) : serves as bp. of N. Caceres (ad interim), 
25, 3 12 » 3 Z 9; chaplain of Sta. Potenciana, 312; Guerrero commends, 312, 3x9. 

Coca (Cocha), Antonio (Anthonia), de (accountant in Magalhies's fleet): app. 1, 



Cochinchinese] INDEX 221 

355; instructions to, 256; given command of "San Antonio/' 33, 294, 304; attends 
mass, 30s ; conspires against M., 262, 33, 67 ; M. seizes, 307. 

Cocar, Francisco de (Span, sold.) : acts as witness, 2, 327. 

Cochay: Chin, eunuch, 12, 88. 

Cochi (Kochi) : Jap. port, 18, 68. 

Cochin (Cochi, Cochins, Cuchin, kingdom in India) : becomes a kingdom, 33, 331 ; 
location, 9, 219, 34, 131; mdse. traded in Manila, 16, 184; ships bought in, 18, 
337; term confused, 34, 171* 17a. See also Cochinchina. 

Cochin (Cochim, Coxi, Kocchi, city in India): location, 17, 263; a way station, 
16, 206; shipbuilding in, 18, 17, 131, 163, 252, 23, 33, 24, 210, 222; slaves little 
Talued in, 18, 183 ; Port in, 1, 301 ; ship from, in Phil., 4, 220, 27, 308 ; Dutch ships 
at, 17, 234; Span, ships at, 263, as, 319; clove trade in, 23, 30, 31 ; Span, trade at, 
27, 1x7; Jes. in, 17, 252, 263, 264, 274, 34, 385; holy image in, 17, 263; Jes. coll. 
at Ternate formerly subject to, 28, 99, 100. 

Cochinchina (Cauchi, Cauchill, Cauchin, Cauchinchina, Cochinchin, Cochin China, 
Cochin-Chins, Conchinchina, Kuchi, ancient kingdom of Asia, now the central 
prov. of the kingdom of Anam) — 

In general: identified, 4, 131; location, 3x6, 7, 142, 221, Q. 310. 103, 12, 203, 
15, i43» 31, 99, 33, 33a, 35, 39, 36, 205; Champa, a portion of, 9, 198; Champa, 
key to, 303 ; prov. in, 15, 143 ; its southernmost point, 31, 86 ; port of, 133 ; map, 177 ; 
described, 6, 133; rich and fertile, 9, 303; can be easily conquered, 303; shipbuild- 
ing in, 18, 131, 23, 12, 33, 24, 2x7; a trade center, 18, 2x4; its trade unimportant 
to Span., 24, 207; its products and exports, etc, 19, 3x7, 23, 33, 27, 93, 34, 271, 
285, 51, 127; ancient jars discovered in, 16, 103; subject to China, 6, 226, 29, 40, 
32, 87, 34, «7«; »ts king, 15, 143, 148, »2, X89, 2x5, 23, S3, 9h *4. 33*i *9, S 8 » 
76, 31, 99, 100, 32, 267, 35, 152, 154, x8x; inhabited by heathens, 10, 207; priests 
incite insurrections, 18, 2x3. 

Relations with Span.: Span, expedition to, urged, 9, 303; Span, and adventures 
in, 10, 227, 15, 130, X31, 137, 142, 149, 246, 16, 267, 19, 195, 22, x88, 23, 53. 
9x, 92, 24, 3x1, 31, 99, 176, 3«, 267; Span, cruise along, 15, 182, 22, 2x5; king 
friendly to, 189; friendship with, desirable, 29, 76; king petitions Span., 22, 2x5; 
presents sent to, from Manila 23, 53; letter written to Manila from, 24, 336; 
Span, ambassador illtreated in, 31, 99; Span, attacked in, 99, 100; trade with, 36, 
205, 207; Span, aid ships from, 50, 65; S. Orendain (Span, mestizo) slain in, 49, 
X91. 

Other relations: relations with Chin. - mutineers go to, 15, 71, 86, 16, 262, 31, 
99, x 79» 33, 27; Chin, trade in, 19, 291; Chin, in, capture Span, ships, 31, 179; 
relations with Jap. -Jap. in, 15, 150, 18, 2x3; trade with, 22, 100, 24, 207; Jap. 
kill ambassador from, 31, 179; aids Camboja, 15, 143, 148; relations with Dutch - 
Dutch factory in, 19, 290, 291; Dutch wrecked and killed in, 35, 132; punished, 
134; aided, 181; negroes flee to, 27, 3x1; French campaign in, 52, 2x3. 

Compact with Christianity: gospel desired in, 4, 3x6; rel. needed in, 6, 77; a rich 
miss, field, 134, 48, 148; closed to miss's, 6, 195, 196; Chris, introd. into, 18, 2x3; 
gov. of, requests miss's, 2x4; Fran, in, 4, 3x6, 6, 133, 15, 2x3; Dom. in, 18, 130, 31, 
xoo, xox, 106, 131, 34, 3*5 J J w - in » l8 » ai 3, "4. *9, 54. *2, *3, 189, 306, 307, 23, 91 ; 
Aug. in, 37, 234; Jap. in, christianized, 18, 2x3; miss, persecuted, 19, 54, 22, 23, 
306, 307, 23, 91; rel. restored, 29, 38; criminals converted, 31, 131. See also 
Cochinchinese. 

Cochinchinese (inhab. of Cochinchina): superstitious, 18, 2x3; cowardly, 34, 271; 



222 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [CochinchincSC 

COCHINCHINESB (continued) — 

warlike, 36, 72; language, differs from Chinese, 29, 40; employ fire-boats, 15, 
89, 31, 100; weapons, 15, 89, 31, 100; hostile to neighbors, 9, 303; Span, hospit- 
ably treated by, 27, 311; hostile to Span., 31, 100, 101, 37, 334; woman warm 
Gallinato, 15, 89; trade in Borneo, 4, 131; in Phil., 40, 316; ready to receive 
gospel, 33, 87; persecute miss's, 23, 13; hate Christianity, 3I V 179; priests frequent 
Chris, church, 179. See also Cochinchina. 

Coco, Miguel, O.S A. : annotates Medina's H'utoria, 23, 13a, 34, 179 ; notes of, trans- 
lated in this series, 23, 159, 161-164, 170, 196, 198, 203, 204, 209, 210, ai 3-320, 229, 
230, 236, 341, 343, 344, 347, 348, 354-256, 359, 361-365, 269, 271, 37S» *74» *77. 
378, 380-383, 388, 290, 293-397, *4, 37. 45. 57. 65, 95. 96, 114. «36> »74; chronological 
list by, cited, 38, 316. See also Books: Medina. 

Codura, Nicolas, O. S. A.: sketch, 42, 30a 

Coello, Capt Andrea (Ital. officer) : his services, 18, 53, 53. 

Coello, Gaspar, SJ. (vice-prov'l in Japan) : urges Phil.-Jap trade, 31, 17a 

Cogsen: 47, 69. See Kue-sing. 

Colambu, Raia (Visayan chief) : his intercourse and negotiations with Magalhies and 
his crew, 33, «5-™3» «37, *39, H*. 33°; baptized, 336. 

Colano Ghappi: son of Abuleis, 33, 364. 

Colbert (Col vert), Jean Baptiste (French premier): inaugurates French East India 
C°*> 47. 238; promotes com., 48, 336. 

Coleman, Ambrose, O.P.: thanked, 13, 35. 

Colima (state and city in Mcx.) : Span, ships pass, 16, 305; wine trade in, 18, 184. 

Colima (Peru) : shipyard in, 33, 183. 

Colin, Francisco (wrongly called "Juan"), S.J.: attends council, 23, 63, 68; returns to 
Manila, 27, 306; counsels gov., and abp., 307; preaches, 39, 44, 36, 35; risks 
J0I6, 35, 134; plans fire-signals, 214; in San Pedro, 36, 54; writes description of 
Fil., 40, 332; sketch, 37, 306; petition to Felipe IV (1637), 17, 18, 341-345, 366. See 
also Books. 

Col in d res, Capt Lope de: commands the "San Andres," 35, 255; takes part in battle 
against Dutch, 360. 

Colindrico, Gen. Lopez: commands the "Encarnaci6n," 37, 180 (same as preceding?). 

Coll ado, Diego de, O.P.: wrongly called Domingo, 26, 40; confessor of pres. of 
Castilla, 25, 336; labors in Japan, 35, 39; sent to Spain for recruits, 39; conducts 
miss, band (barb ones, q.v.) to Phil. (1635), 26, 126, 127, 29, 26, 35. xo, 26, 37, 65, 
67; heads faction in Dom. order, and founds new cong., 25, 161-163, 245, 291, 26, 
127, 128, 3«, 252, 295, 35, 29-33, 40, 56, 51, 303; seizes convents, *5, 291, 3*, 2$6; 
his intrigues, 254-259; takes part in politico-ecc troubles, 25, 171, 236, 251, 253, 
255, 291, 292, 26, 64, 99, 35, 34. 35; Corcuera aids, 33, 295; Corcuera angered at, 
35, 34, 35; arrest ordered, 25, 267, 26, 40, 100; retired to cell, 29, 26, 41; im- 
prisoned, 41 ; complaints against, 128, 129; his cong. dissolved, 26, 30, 171; 35, 9; 
recalled to Spain, 32, 295, 296, 35. 54, 55; bis briefs suspended, 57; death, 36; 
sketch, 25, 158, 35. 28-36; lampoon on, 26, 53; writes satires on Corcuera, 39, 
26, 41. See also Books. 

Collantes, Domingo, O.P.: aids govt in war, 45, 151; bp. (ad. interim), 228; con- 
secrates abp., 51, 314. See also Books. 

Collantes y Peredo, Juan Antonio: father of Maria Joachina, 47, 213. 

Collantes y Peredo, Maria Joachina: her bequest to Misericordia, 47, 2x3. 

Collar, Alonso, O.P. See Santa Cathalina, Alonso, O.P. 

Col lares, Alberto, OP.: condemns Chin, converts, 42, 253. 



Colonies] INDEX 223 

Collins, Capt — (Brit officer in Manilt) : commands seamen, 49, 48, 86 ; commands 
"Weymouth," 55 ; Draper commends, 69, 73. 

fefanenero, Dr. — : his receipt for chocolate, 47, 273, 274. 

fehnenero, Diego Salgado. See Salgado Colmenero. 

felmenero, Pablo, OJ\: death, 14, 331. 

felolu (vill. on Coromandel coast) : trade center, 42, 180. 

feloma y Maceda, Francisco de (oidor in Manila) : a friend of Salcedo, 37, 29, 30; 
arrives in Manila, 229; takes residencia of gov., 27, 233; arrests Rayo, 27; his suit 
with Mansilla, and intrigues against, 29-32, 35, 39, 40, 62, 232, 233, 268-271, 42, 
161; Bonifaz fears, 37, 50; resists Bonifaz, 54; leaves Manila, 61; rules Bonifaz, 
271; gains lawsuit, 17, 279; gov. ad interim, 17, 293, 42, 15, 161; forcibly enters 
Aug. convent, 4 J, 129; his wife dies, 159; estab. fund for Misericordia, 47, 71; 
death, 42, 15, z6x, 164; buried in Dom. convent, 164. 

felon (dist in Bulacan Prov.) : hosp. own lands in, 47, 201. 

felon, Cristobal. See Columbus, Christofer. 

felon, Hernando (Fernando, son of Columbus, q.v.) : attends junta of Badajoz, and 
his actions there, 1, 90, 174, 178, 185, 186, 199, 213 ; his opinion regarding owner- 
ship of Moluccas, 8, 200-205, 210-212; Carlos I writes, 214, 215. 

felon, Pedro Nunc See Nufio Colon. 

lOLONIBS AND COLONIZATION — 

In general', books on, 53, 31, 32; motives for, 1, 35; policies of, contrasted, 35, 
36; blunders of Eng. in, 35; Span, ideals and objects in, 35, 36, 76, 85, 4, 177, 178; 
Span, policy, M, 281, 45, 37. 5*, 75, 7*, 50, 171, 51, I44-I475 its effects, I, 36, 
16, no, 44, 228; inadequate, 1, 76, 53, 90; importance of residencia in, 4, 72; 
Felipe II furthers, 3, 251, 23, 191 ; Legazpi's work in, 1, 32, 33 ; instructions rdg., 
92, 288, 290, a, 53, 54, 3, 64, 34, «49-*54; of New Guinea, planned, a, 77; Legazpi 
urges, 3, 58 ; necessary in Phil., 58, 59, 276, 277, 299 ; will increase wealth of Luzon, 
58; Luz6n fitted for, 180; Jap. planned for Luz6n, 9, 40; proposed at Paracali 
mines, 3, 273; planned and urged for various of Phil. Is., 275, 303, 16, no, 50, 
63, 64; of Phil. Is., 2, 12, 13, 19, 20, 50, 51, 53-55, 59, 87, 93, 9«, 3, 69, 152, 173, 
*94t 235, 262, 266, 4, 70, 120, 16, 272; retarded by lack of settlers, 3, 266, 4, 82; 
neglected, 5, 231, 6, 30, 3x6; Span, planned for Borneo, 3, 275, 4, 126, 144, 189; 
urged for Java, 146; planned for Camboja, 9, 175. 

Colonies: systems of gov., outgrowth of colon, trade, 1, 22, 23; govt of, defined, 
49; ideals in, 35; corrupt youth, 51, 2x4; governed by erroneous principles, 52, 32; 
whites in, desire independence, 32; liberals dangerous in, 44; sources of usefulness, 
88 ; revolutionary principles common to all, 100. 

Spanish at large — legislation for, 1, 35; native forms preserved in, 38; corrup- 
tion in, 47, 54 (see Officials: corruption) ; efficient officials lacking in, 47; condi- 
tion in seventeenth cent, 47; present conditions, 47; compared to other, 47, 48, 69, 
71, 72; adapt Span, institutions, 49; their political organization, 49; sedition in, 
defined, 51; residencia peculiar to, 51; no elections in, 51; com. laws for, 6x; effect 
of laws for, 69; laws for, humane, 69, 70; duration of system, 70; popular idea of, 
erroneous, 76 ; tithes levied in, 91 ; method of treating correspondence from, 4, 97 ; 
trade restrictions in, 8, 21, 17, 29, 32-34, 4**45, *7» 146-148, 158, 162, 165, 48, 328, 
51, 145 (see also Chinese, I and II: Trade relations, and Commence) ; accounting 
system in, 25, 75 ; their preservation depends on that of Phil., 27, 56, 66 t 68, 72 ; 
communion in, 31, 29, 30; post in requested, 44, x8, 2x9, 221, 224; ignorance rdg., 
48, 106; educ insr*ns in, fail in object, 51, 209 (see also Education) ; Europeans 
weaken govt action in, 2x0; represented by substitutes in Cortes, 287; budget for 



224 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Colonics 

Colonies and Colonization (continued) — 

(1821), 289; normal schools proposed for, 289; special laws proposed for, 296; gov. 
by special laws, 297; penal, 53, 31; autonomy proposed for, 44, 45; administration 
of, at various epochs, 17, 306, 307, 53, 83, 84, 272; duties of ministry, 84; an injury 
to Spain, 87; inadequately treated by foreign authors, 152. 

Spanish in America — a burden to Spain, 1, 46 ; local govt in, 56 ; in Monterey, 
proposed, 14, 188, 270-277; Americans develop, 53, 123; in danger from Dutch, 
33, 15 (see also Dutch) ; trade restrictions in, 37, 112, 158, 162, 165, 30, 66; illegal 
traffic in, 44, 304; trade with Spain, 45, 70; foreign trade in, 48, 213; population, 
*7» x 54; protected by Phil., 30, 27, 38, 40, 41; would be menaced by Eng. occupa- 
tion of Phil., 48, 210; decline of intercourse with Spain, 335; revolution in, 51, 
54, 209; foreigners aid, against Spain, 196; become independent, 45, 58 (see also 
N. Espafia, Peru, and other Span.-Amer. Colonies). 

Spanish in Philippines — Lagazpi's rank as colon, pioneer, 1, 32; Manila com- 
pared to cities of Eng., 42, 43; a burden to Spain, 46; Phil, not a true colony, 48, 
49; character and results of govt, in, 71, 72, 84; contrasted with other colonies, 72; 
Heeds of, 3, 50; benefit to Fil., 292, 293; law rdg. tax on gold, 4, 87, 88; aided by 
grants from Mex. treas., 5, 197; trade with Amer. colon., 17, 296 (see also Com- 
merce and Trade); Tello fails to estab., 18, 285; preservation of Amer. colon, 
depend on theirs, 37, 56, 66 9 68, 72, 30, 27, 38, 40, 41, 48, 210; pop., 38, 210 (see 
also Phil. Is.). 

Other European in general — effect of policies in E. Ind. Archipelago, I, 71, 73; 
contrasted with Phil., 73, 76; how managed, 48, 244; Asiatic, possess own coinage, 
51, 224, 236. 

English — contrasted with Span., 1, 35, 43, 61, 69 ; hospitals in, 43 ; penal, 16, no, 
53, 31, 344; their occupation of Phil, would menace Amer. colon., 48, 210; Draper 
makes tour of, 49, 46; in Cavite, 49, 152; agric fostered in, 51, 264. 

French — contrasted with Span., I, 69, 48, 244. 

Dutch — their system in Java, 53, 43; contrasted with Span., 1, 79; in Moluccas, 
14, 116, 15, 324-326, 330; in Motir, made from Gilolo, 37, 105; at Cape Town, 
43, 242, 243 ; wealthy, 51, 272. See also the various European nations. 

Colonists: Span. — qualifications necessary for, 39, 190, 191, 34, 253; should main- 
tain friendship with natives, 34, 249, 252, 254; should engage in agriculture, 6, 170, 
7, 16, 34, 2$i t 252; needed in Phil., 3, 237, 3, 5«» ^9, **o 9 4, 145, 3x0, 6, 170, 11, 
13, 39, 190, 191, 36, 86; married men should be sent as, 3, 292, 293, 34, 220; Felipe 
II sends to Phil., 4, 120; settle in Cebu, 3, 152; G. Perez Dasmarinas brings, 7, 155; 
Ronquillo brings, 13, 194, 15, 12, 55; sail in gall., 14, 147; cease to go to Phil., 6, 
30, 316; increase of, means stable govt., 38, 232; Phil, depend on, 4, 310; planned 
for Monterey, 14, 274, 275 ; demand concessions, 3, 243, 5, 241, 242 ; their privileges, 
2> 53» 7i z 55> M» 274, 275; ask favors and aid from king, 3, 155, 156, 178-182; 
ask aid from Mex., 3, 175, 183-195; supplies asked for, 333 ; suffer distress and hard- 
ships, 235, 239, 240, 3, 275, 7, 301 ; ill-provided, 3, 50; lands and encomiendas ap- 
portioned to, 3, 54, 3, 152, 275, 5, 41, 290-292, 7, 157, 285, 286; Port, designs on, 3, 
31 ; Legazpi's power over, 64, 65; edict issued to, in Manila, 155; classes among, in 
Manila, 156; send Sanchez to Spain, 5, 28; their loyalty commended, 247; shall 
make contracts with Fil., 7, 156; daughters of, aided by Misericordia, 14, 211; 
their houses should serve as forts, 34, 249; aid measures urged for, 51, 264-266; 
along str. of Magellan, 15, 291; in Acapulco, 16, 200; Chin. -can be brought to 
Phil., 6, 226; Dutch -at Tidore, 14, xx6; Dutch women, 15, 324, 330; Port -in 
Moluccas, xx6. See the various nationalities, Conquistadors, and Encomenderos. 



Commerce] INDEX 225 

See also for entire caption, Decrees: Colonies and their administration and 
Expect: Exploration and discovery. 

Columbus (Colon), Christofer (Cristobal, navigator): his project, I, 26; has inter- 
view with Port monarch, 24; Behaim meets, 33, 3" ; despatched by Cath. sov., 1, 
98, 107 ; first adm. of Indies, 203 ; discovers Amer., 23 ; discovers alloy, 288 ; estimates 
disc, to W. Indies, 24; computes circumference of earth, 203; compared to Mag- 
alhies, 26, 28; Dutch emulate, 16, 241. 

Combaco: 10, 171. See Kuwambaku. 

Combes (Combes), Juan Francisco S.J.: belittles Rec, 36, 149; expostulates with Lara, 
41, 31a; life tnd miss, labors, 36, 55. 38, 13*, «33, 4<>, 99, «5 t *54, 17°, 44, 68, 
92, 93. See also Books. 

Combs: as presents, 14, 283, 289, 33, 55, 59, 103, 253, 302, 34, 43, 43, 73 J in trade 
and baiter, 33, 41, 39, 302; Monteses wear, 43, 291; Vela requests, 49, 294. 

Comintan (Comitan, dist in Luzon) : former name for Batangas Prov. (</.v.), 219, 215; 
location, 23, 263, 282; in see of Manila, 263; language of, resembles Visayan, 262; 
insurrection planned for, 7, 102 ; domestic cattle reared in, 23, 263 ; mfre. of cotton 
hose in, 282; Chin, fugitives pursued by Aug. of, 29, 215. 

Comlaha: 34, 133, 172. See Khan-palik, and Peking. 

COMMERCE AND TRADE 

In General: essentia] to power of nations, 48, 262, 267, 327, 329; only means for 
securing wealth, 287; its importance disregarded by Span., 215, 266, 267, 291-293, 
336; protected by Span, kings, 266, 267, 287, 292, 295; its marvelous results in Rus- 
sia, 264; stimulated by improvements in transp., 46, 308, 309, 5a, 112; id n by mines. 
3, 283, 4 J, 206; aids miss, extension, 6, 285-287, 8, 177, x8x, 184, 193, 9, 254, 12, 
59, 14, 215, 15, 175, *8» 57, 63; other benefits, 6, 285-287, 14, 14a, 145, »*9, 40, 4*. 
48, 290, 294, 295, 50, 203, 52, 1x9, X22, 344 (develops Negros Is.) ; evils caused by, 
I, 35, 6, 281, 9, 317, 10, 191-197, 51, 149, *4$; rights, 1, 126; laws rdg., 61, 17, 
*7-5<>, *5, 23-37, 30, 51, 53, 57, 66; freedom in, 18, 294, *7, 146, 15*, 3<>, 50, 57, 
58, 77, 48, 295, 315, 3^0-327, 49, 3*9, 50, 200, 51, 264; protection, I, 61, 67, 70, 
51, 19, 232; restrictions on, 1, 47, 61, 69, 70, 101, no, 231, 232, 236, J, 158, 7, 153, 
154, 203, 204, 263, 8, 3x0, 3x6, 317, 10, 84, 85, 89, 296-298, 13, 46, 47, 56, 60, 
61, 72, 73, 13, 256-258, 14, 215, 216, 16, X76, 177, 17, 29-33, 39-45, *8, 59-64, 37, 
58, 61, 1x2, 146-X48, X55, 159, x62, 165-X67, 35, 29, 30, 30, 50, 54, 56-69, 7*-77, 8l » 
8a, 95, 97, 101, 40, 210, 43, 235, 236, 44, **9, *33, »55, *57, *6o, 261, 263, 302, 307, 
45, 58, 79, 48, 3", 314, 315, 335, 51, 50, 7h "5, 126, X44; discussed by roy. council, 
13, 257, 14, 2x4, 215, 17, 35; mil. support necessary for, 48, 288-291, 302; how 
conducted, 3, 78, 79, 34, 225, 45, 8x, 51, 147-152; each prov. has right to export its 
own products, 30, 66, 68, 96; profits, 5, 29, 48, 183 (rates in wholesale and in retail 
trade), 51, 134; imposts on, 5, 237 (see below, Duties) ; various mention, 14, 3x4, 
315, 17, 309, 39, 306, 51, 253, 260 (univ. chair of), 52, 51, 309; monopolies (mainly 
royal), 1, 67, 3, 227, 8, 169, 11, 267, 16, 182, ji, 90, M, 97, 129, X6X-171 (of 
trade by Dutch), 24, 195, 35, 42, 119, 120, 135, 37, 95, 97, *9, 3©9, 35, 128, 36, 
72, 40, 2x0, 41, 192, 43, x8o, 51, 144, 150, 152, 287 (see also under Revenue and 
exchequer, where various monopolies are specified). 

Prohibited to following classes, usually in vain, viceroys, gov., oidors, and other 
civil officials, 2, 27, 4, x86, 5, 286 (judges), 6, 268, 8, 171, 253, 254, 9, 186, 261, 10, 
94, 95, »45, i47-»49, '63, 174, »9», 193-195, ", 240, 3x4, 13, 233-335, 14, 144, «45, 
17, 237, 18, "6, J4, *9», *7, "5, *8, i*8, *9, 154, 34, 400, 37, 291, 4*, 34, 5<>, 
'95, 2 5°» 52, 336; ale-may. (at first forbid., but finally allowed), 1, 54, 36, 281, 
282, 302, 303, 4«, ^64, 265, 50, 63, in, 51, 78, 109-ni, 2X2, 222-224, 53, «oo; offi- 



226 the Philippine ISLANDS [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 

rials on ships, 10, xo3, 270, 371, 13, a6i, 363, 14, 144, 1 7, 30, 39, 40, 37. 17$. 44. 
309, 31a; soldiers, 6, 180, 269, 270, 7, 162, 9, 628, 14, 325, 16, 174, 176 (see also 
Officers and Officials); prohibited to ecclesiastical friars, and missionaries (but 
often disregarded), 1, 67, 6, 273, 7, 244, 245, 8, 17a, 10, 75, 78, 84, 13, 304, 14, 
239, 21. 151, *4, 269-272, 35, 302, 36, 283, 38, 74, 75, 245, 260, 39, 182, 30, i$t, 
38, 83, 85, 39. 162, 245, 44, 309, 3", 49, X34. 135. 310. 3ia, 50, ias, 13a, 153, 154, 
*74» 275, 306, 51, 78, 53, 51 (see also under Missionaries, and Religious persons). 

Bibliographical information (hist, etc), 1, 66, 48, 290, 291, 53, 146, 147, 357, 
358, 53, passim. Doc. herein, of special importance, trade with Macau, 8, 174- 
199; notes, etc, 13, 57-75; Dutch factories, 14, 112-X18, 18, 107-111; laws* 17, 27- 
52, 35, 23-37; trade of Phil. It., 17, 2x3-232; trade of N. Espafia in Orient, 18, 57- 
64; prices of Oriental products (seventeenth century), 19, 303-3x9; silk trade in 
Span, domains, 33, 379-386 ; memorials by Grau y Monfalcon, 35, 48, 73, 37, 55- 
2x2; Port trade at Manila (1632-36), 35, 111-144; Alvarez de Abreu's ExtrtcU 
historial, 30, 23-109, 44, 225-312, 45, 27-92; commerce of Phil. Is. (1759), 47, 
251-284; navigation and commerce (1765; F. L. de Viana), 48, 262-338. 
Of various regions: trade-routes, 3, 87, 4, 3x4, 16, 224, 229, 37, 86, 88-92, 44, 284, 
48, 287, 288, 333, 52, 123. See also Ships: navigation. 

Orient (Far East, East Indies, Asia, Africa, and Malaysia): I, 23, 30, 6a (re- 
strictions), 68, 92, 237, 253 (profits), 330, 3, 32, 116-118, X23, 142, ac?, aas, 339, 
238, 3, ixo, 2ox, 7, 155, X99, 202, 8, X93, 3«6, 10, 367, 15, 314-3**, 16, 67, 69, 176* 
223, 224, 17, as, 33, 18, 57-64, 164, 223, 224, 256, 19, 26-28, 94* "*. 30S-SI9 
(enumeration and prices of Oriental products), 30, 51, 130, 131, 155, 31, 183, 33, 
32, 37, 86-98 (hist and descr.), xo8, 38, 202, 30, 4*. 35, 128, 3x3, 36, 257, 44, a8o, 
288-290, 297, 301, 302, 45, 48-50 (extent and profits), 52, 47, 238-240 (hist of 
French trade), 48, 206, 269, 277-279, 287, 3", 3*4, 318-323, 51, 259, 288. 

Peoples of W. Asia, Levant, 18, 304, 37, 91, 44, 301 ; Arabs (called also Moors), 
*• 33i, 4, 150, 16, 223, 19, 3181 *7, 9*, 94. 34, 153, 43, X73. 44, 3©i, 49, a7; 
Armenians, 48, 271, 311, 49, 83, 51, 253, 254; Persians (via Ormuz), 4, 150, 18, 
206, 19, 303, 304, 315, 3i6, 37, 95-97, 34, 175. 

India, its conquest due to Oriental trade, 37, 88 ; richest in world, 48, 365 ; com- 
modities in, 30, 79, 48, 265, 266, 306; profits, 206, 289; how built up, 35, 65, 66; 
with China, 3, 298, 18, 58-64, 2ox, 51, 158, 159 (in opium) ; with Phil. Is^ 6, 261, 
262, 7, 200, 8, 175, i8x, 18, 183, 19, 207, 33, 89, 33, 97, *79, *7, "7, 36, 205, 40, 
301, 43, 149, 150, 155, 174, 180, 204, 238, 49, 27; with other Asiatic regions, 8, 176, 
13, 51, 18, 58-64, 142, 144, *o6, 19, 60, 310-3x3, 315-317, 33, 97, *79J with 
Europ. countries, 43, 153, 48, 264, 265 (see also below, Portugal, England, and 
France) ; various mention, 7, 199, 200, 33, 366, 38, 279. 

China, in gen., 1, 62, 63, 3, 191 (needs silver), 192, 3, 19**4, 4». 4*, 5*» 7*, 
181, 2x2 (requires silver), 276, 6, 218 (promoted by govt), 8, 84, 85 (earliest), 
X74, 175, 177, 244, 9, 72 (profits), 3x7, 3x8 (methods), 16, 226 (closed to fbr- 
enginers), 33, 250 (Chin, trade unions), 35, 60, 39, 79; its great value, importance, 
and antiquity, 14, 220, 17, 146, 30, 42, 43; on credit system, 86, 36, 50; commodi- 
ties in, 33, 270, 271, 35, 49, 45, 39, 4©\ 274"*79, 3*5; nations engaged in, 17, 146, 
44, 302, 45, 38, 47, 48, *75, *77, 3">; with Japan, 3, *Q4, 6, 68, 9, 49, *4, 43, *3«, 
232, 18, 251, 33, 129, X69-173, 33, 94, 193, 29, 79, 81, 35, 149, 15*» 4*, 149", with 
Port, 3, 40, X82, 227, 5, *4, 7, «8, «, «76, 14, *37, «» 169, 35, 43, xi8, XX9, 37, 
no, 1x2, 31, 124, 38, 44, 4*, 218; with Spain, 6, 2x7, 218, 19, 237, 238, 241, 242; 
with Span.-Amer. colonies (soon prohib.), 6, 244, 245, 263, 3x5, 7, 2ox, 203, 304, 



•mmerce] index 227 

4, 315, 3x9, 321, 17, 33, 41-45, 237, 18, 57-64. **, 38o; with Dutch, 15, 3«4» 
7, 138, 129, 33, 99, 193, 39, 309 (refuted by Chin.), 3*, 156, 35, 150; with Eng., 
a, 131, 39, 79, 45, 381 47, 48, 3o8 (fur trade), 375, 377, 3«o, 336, 51, 150 (opium 
ide, 158, 159, 351) ; with Span, of Phil, colony (see below, under Philippine Is.) ; 
rith FiL, 3, 270, 8, 82-88, 92, 94, 9, 320, 16, 103, 104, 34, 186, 189, 190, 216, 377; 
rith various others, 9, "4, 10, 44, 14, 46, 15, 83, 16, 229, 33, 189, 193, 315, ji, 
*, 33, 350, 35, 136, 45, 38, 48, 308, 332; chief emporium (see Canton). 

Japan, nations engaged in, 29, 81; richness, 36, 257; exports, 6, 171, 304, 7, 
56, 10, 84, 13, 192, 14, 231, 256, 258, 15, 254, 303, 305, 16, 47, 88, 183, 17, 106, 
lA 18, 53, 99, 175, 177, 179, 19, 318, 33, 97, 34, 171, 286, 36, 288, 39, 306, 35, 
$x f 302; imports, 15, 256, 17, 334, 18, 58, 59, 19, 307-309, *o, 39, 35, 123, 39, 
*» 38, 31 ; with China (see above under China) ; with Port, 3, 40, 5, 34, 6, 300, 
, 79, 8, 360, 10, 36, 193, 193, 14, 320, 226, 331, 17, 135, 137, 18, 196, 19, 31, 
I, 198, 306, 33, 130, 141, 173, 183, 194, 195, 317, 33, 55, 63, «4, 173, *5, 136, 36, 
79, *9, 156, 35, 57, "4, "5 J with Dutch, 15, 1x9, 333, 17. "9» *33, 139, 146, 
*©* 339, 3x9, 18, 65, 67, 68, 73, 73, 330, 249, 373, 374, 19, 57, 70, 85, 86, 93, 333, 
36, 264, 30, 28, 30, 109, 155, 31, 86, 33, 88, 97, 129, 169-171, X96, 215, 314, 3x7 
Dutch expelled), 34, 274, 36, 288, 37, xo8, 39, 42, 31, 355, 35, X78, *79, 373 ; with 
f. Espafia, 14, 319, 33X, 15, 202, 204, 251, 252, 16, 278, 279, 17, 339, 18, 33, 57-64, 
95, 30, 35, 95, 33, 38; with Phil. Is. (see below, Philippine Is.) ; with Fil., 3, 204, 
»3, 7, 84, 18, 99; with other countries, 3, 304, 33, X43, X93, 33, 66 t 37, 93, 39, 
r, 33, 136, 35, 150, 373; importance of Nangasaki, 18, 58, 30, 131, 39, 306. 

Malay (Eastern, or Indian) Archipelago, 1, 73 (early), 17, 351, x8, 163, 40, 
57; J0I6 (Sulu), 4, «75> 39, 81, 40, X63, 41, 395, 43, 168-X71, x8o, 51, 37, 397; 
foros (Mindanaos, etc), 3, 35, 3, xxo, 165, 3ox, 204, 4, 177, 178, 233, 18, 142, 
9, 57, 46, 48 (Chin, influence in), 50, 34 (slave), 51, 6x; Borneo, 1, 34, 3, 24, 
So, 275, 4, 131, 149. 153-155, i«3, 1*4, 189, 3d, 303, 208, 224, 225, 5, 105, 16, 134, 
l5f *8, 99, 326, 337, 33, 335, 353-354, 34, 397, 377, 41, 316, 4«, 184, 43, X73 
Arab.), 51, a8; Sumatra and Java (incl. Achen and Bantam), 4, 131, 336, 15, 
yj, 3«i 317, I*, 333, 255, 18, X41, 142, 19, 390, 37, 93, 33, 366, 34, 174, 377. 
>9, 35, 2x0, 38, 279, 39, 93, X30, 131, 43, X74, 47, 309, 311; Moluccas, I, 150, 
Sx, x63, 323, 33», 4, 336, 5, 43, 9, 96, II, 107, 154, «, *34, 14, X12-118, X77, 15, 
tf, 300, 16, 49, 53, 58, 323, 224, 237, 341, 253, 17, 176, 3x8, 18, 90, 162 (Import- 
ace), 19, X23 (profits), 220, 278, 3x8 (Arab.), 30, 59, 60, 39, 278, 33, 360, 34, 
r, 49, 377, 399, 3©, 104, 40, 114 (see also below, Spice trade) ; Bands, 14, 1x7; 
elebes (incl. Macasar, etc), 4, 131, 39, 197, 38, 67, 70; Formosa, 33, 100, 142, 35, 
jo, 33, 250, 35, X36, 137, X50, 39, 95; Hainan (Nao), 9, 1x4; Loo-choo (Lequi) 
t, 3, 304; Timor, 34, X3x, X35. 

Of other places - Malaca, 6, 204, 30, 99; Camboja, 9, 87, 10, 44, 15, 83, 155, 
6, 185, 39, 49, 31, 93, 34, 377J Cochinchina, 33, 53, 24, *°7; siam » 4, 3ox, 
, 163, 9, X97, 10, 368, 369, 15, 80, 81, 184, 185, 344, 16, 185, 33, X89, X93, 2x5, 

5, 373, 37, 47, 4*, 3xx, 3x3; Ladrones Is., 33, X38, 39, 310, 34, 351-353, 3*7. 3«8, 
5, 263, 364 (with Eng.) ; Africa, 1, 70, 14, X17, 19, 283 ; with pirates, 6, 6x, 39, 54. 
Europe\ its nations in Oriental trade, 16, 323 (Greeks and Romans), 334, 17, 

16, 300, 18, 59, 60 (competition), 37, 86-98 (hist and descr.), 44, 380, 388-390, 

17, 30X, 303, 45, 38, 39 (amt), 5a (prices affected by competition), 48, 322, 274- 
r9 (extent and methods), 387, 320, 336; with Span.-Amcr. colonies, 44, 353, 45, 
1, 39, 46-53, 70, 73, 48, 3x2, 333-337- 

Portugal, in gen., 1, 143, 159, x6o, 309, 3, 373, 374 (extent of Port claim), 7, 
>3, 14, 226, 15, x6x, 19, 3x5, 3x6, 35, xx8, 35, 3x3, 48, 265, 266 (amt of colon., 



228 the PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 
in Asia), 287, 388 (extent and decline) ; with India, 3, 45, 19, $08; at Malacca, 
i» 3<>S ; with Macao, 18, 198, 33, 172, 39, 38 ; with China and Japan (tee above, 
under names of those countries) ; with Moluccas, 1, 150, 161, 223, 14, 177, 1 6, 153, 
*9» 378, 40, 114 (see also below, Spice trade) ; with other countries, I, 159, 4, 178; 
199, 2*5, 15, 155. 344. 16, 103, 225, 4a, 174; Liaboa, a trade-center, 9, 11$, ia, 
303, 304, 22, 172, 37, 90, 39, 38 ; Port of Macao (to Portugal and America), 3, 
227, 6, 169, 316, 7, 1*0, 8, 176, 13, 51 (to India), 18, 198, 33, 172, 33, 97 (India)! 
279, 39, 38, 156 (in Japan), 31, 124 (in Canton) ; &, with PhiL Is. (see below, 
Philippine Is.). 

England, in E. Indies, 7, 81, 18, 164, 224, 30, 155, 35, 209, 210; in India, 17, 
*53, 33. 33a, 43, i53t 4*, **9» 3*95 in Malay archipelago, 15, *47. 3". S*7» *«\ 
237, *M, 17, 318, 18, 90, 39, I97» 34, 174, 35, 153, »io, 38, 7©* 39» 57. 9*» *** 
121, 47, 265 ; with Phil. Is. (see below, Philippine Is.) ; with China (see above, 
under China) ; with Japan, 20, 30, 33, 169, 170, 39, 81, 33, 126; with Span, col- 
onies in Amer. (mainly contraband), 48, 212, 323-327; various mention, 30, ijo, 
*9, 32, 38, 263, 264, 39, 95, 108, 109, 48, 3^6 (cost of m a in ta inin g trade), 51, 
»57- 

France, with Spain, 30, 130, 30, 55, 5*, 45, 50, 5»; » Orient, 1 8, 164, 224, 1% 
60, 30, 51, 47, 238-240 (W«t.) ; in India, 4a, 153. 45, 5* (expelled), 47, *3*. 4* 
330, 49, 70, 7h 74; in America (contraband), 44, ^89, 48, 324; with China, 45. 
38, 47, 48, 275 ; with Phil. Is. (see below, under Philippine Is.) ; various mention, 
48, 263, 336. Various (mainly in Oriental trade), Venetians, 16, 229; Germans, 
3, 32, 48, 290, 291 (bibliog. data) ; Danes, 43, 153, 45, 38, 48, 264, 265, 275; Rus- 
sians, 47, 278, 283, 48, 208 (fur trade) ; Norwegians, 47, 278, 283; Americans (of 
U. S.), 51, 40, 43, 153. «54, «6o, 317. 

Holland (inhab. Dutch; sometimes mentioned as Flemish): in gen., 3, 24s, lev 
72, 33, 300, 47, 230, 51, 257; in Orient, 15, 300-331 (hist of early exped.), it\ 
67, 69, 301, 18, 256, 19, «7 (annual value), 33, 97, 35, 52, 37, 85-87, 91-110, 3* 
z 53> I 55» 361 72, 45, 48; with Moluccas, etc (see also below, Spice trade), 11, 154, 
13, 134, 14, 112-118, 15, 247, 300, 307, 16, 49, 52, 58, 17, 251, 18, 163, 19, 123,330,' 
278, 23, 192; monopolizes trade (espec in spices), 14, 1x5-117, 15, 318-322, 23,1 
97, 129, 169-171, 39, 309, 35, i*8, 36, 72, 38, 278, 279, 39, 49; enriched thereby, 
48, 212, 2x5, 284, 288; checked by Phil, colony, 37, xx8, 1x9; with China, 33, xft| 
45, 38, 47; with Spain, 30, X30, 30, 55; with Japan (see above, under Japan); &j 
Amcr. 
100, 
mention, 

Spain (inch Castilla) : its exports, 1, 62, 67, 3, xx6, 1x7, 6, 50-52, 13, 63, %&\ 
16, 88, 19, 3", «, 99, 2°, 292, 45, 7©, 7*, 47, *68, **** SO, 64, 5». 88 (see 1 
below, Commodities, and Silk trade) ; Span, system of trade, 1, 63, 68, 37, 100, j 
144-147, 257; roy. share and privileges in, 1, 268, 287, 3, 97; and burdens laidoe,; 
35, 65, 37, 156, 170 (see also under Revenue and exchequer, and Spain: crown);) 
extent, 27, 150; controlled by foreigners, 33, 281, 282, 44, 297, 299, 301, 48, 315'j 
320, 328 ; injuries to, and consequent decrease, 7, 199, 202, 8, 273, 13, 29, 56, 6q 
62, 13, 258, 18, 60, 35, 65, 66, 37, «*, 148-153, «5*, X58, 201-203, 30, 61, 65, 44j 
233, 2$i t 253, 255, 256, 299, 45, 29, 36, 38, 39, 45*53, 62-66, 48, 2x2, 266, 3i5*3*J 
325, 337, 51, 257; controversy between Andalusia and Manila rdg. trade, 44, 35f| 
312, 45, 29-88; Viana's plans for promoting, 48, 22-24, 272-280 (should be 
ducted by trading companies, 329) ; advantages for, 291, 292, 302; 



h 3»» 47, w "" opam, -#v, 130, ^v, 55, wiui japau \vw suurc, uuuer jspau; , 1-- 

ner. colonies, 47, 232-235, 240, 241, 48, 324; a menace to gen. commence, 17, ad 
o, xi2, 1x3, 144, 146, 181, 251, 255, 260, 269, 272, 275, 278, 33, 67, 33, 26; varioai| 
mtion, II, 167, 14, X17, 15, 303, 304, *7, 9h 35, 27*, 47, 273-*7& 

■ ,a 

A m). 



i ; in Span. CortttJ 



Commerce] index 229 

51, a88; various mention, I, 123, 251, 256, 266, 282, 283, a, 26, 27, 6, 61, 270, 276, 
19, 236, ao, 130, JJ, 281, 282 (must import wheit), 34, 30X, 38, 79, 44, S<>S, 45, 
79 (restrictions on internal), 48, 328, 329, Si, 255, 53, 41, 353*, with European 
countries, a, 25, JO, 130, 30, 55, 56, 45, 50, 5*. 47, 378, 383; with Orient, 1, 30, 
9* *37, 7, 155, «99, a**, 8, «93, 3*6, *o, 130, 13X, M, 33, *7, 86, 87, 30, 42, 44, 377- 
*79, 389, 290, 299 (S. Lucar becomes its center), 301, 302, 311, 314, 318-323, 45, 
$0, 51, 359, 388; with its colonies, 1, 62, 67, ia, 47, 48, 59, J7, 146, 147, 170 
(profits), 43, 335, 236 (Span, colon, policy), 311, 45, 71 (cost and profits), 82, 51, 
146 (see also next paragraph) ; on N. W. coast of America, 51, 286; various men- 
tion, 1, 29, 30, a, 39, 16, 201, 19, 198, 283, JO, 59, 60, 34, 381, 45, 44 (imports 
foreign silks), 51, 146, 156, 226, 53, 95. 

Spanish-American colonies: in gen., 17, 18, 214-216, 44, 298, 48, 335, 51, 145; 
with Spain, 1, 62, ia, 47, 48, 59, 13, 357, 27, 146, 147, **9, 170 (profits), 

30, 77, 4», 235, 236, 311, 45, 51, 62, 63, 65, 71 (cost and profits), 82; trading- 
fieets sent to America, aa, 27, 27, 59, 156, 171, 173, 39, 184, 44, 341, 343, 351, 
353, 356, 359, 387, 389, 393, 394, 398, 301, 45, 39, 36, 48, 49, 53, 65, 67, 70-73, 80, 
81, 84, 48, 276, 287, 3x9, 324, 325, 333-335; with other European countries (at first 
through Cidiz), 44, 253, 45, 38, 39, 46-53, 7°, 73, 48, 3X3, 333-337; intercolon. 
(usually restricted or forbidden by Spain), 1, 6x, 70, 8, 310, 13, 47, 6x, 16, 176, 
«77, 17, 39, 30, 33, *5, 39, 30, 48, 315 (Amer. with PhiL Is^ 1, 70, 17, 396, *i, 
X56); injured by Manila-Acapulco trade, 44, 33X, 395, 303, 304, 45, 33, 36, 37; 
with Orient, 7, 120, 202, 18, 58. 

South America, 1, 6a, 67, 51, *54J Potosi, with Brazil, 13, 60; Chile, with Ctdiz, 

31, 146; Nueva Granada (Tierra Firme), ia, 6x, 17, 29, 33, 34; Peru, exports 
(inch silver), 1, 66 t ia, 66 t 14, 23X, 19, x68, ao, 71, 82, 31, 135 ', restrictions and 
regui., I, 62, 63, 8, 3x0, 317, «, 56, 75, *3, 356, 357, 17, 39, 33, 34, 44, 45, *5, 
137, *7» "3, 39, 85, 30, 77, 98, xox ; concessions amt allowed, and profits, 3, i", 
10, 365, 1 a, 67, 37, 147, 165, 168, 174; with N. Espafia (mainly prohib., in order 
to shut out Chin, goods from S. Amer. colonies), 1, 62, a, 80, ia, 61-63, 17, 33, 
34, 41, 44, 45, *9, 105, 169, ao, 2x9, a7, X58, X62, X65, X69, X73, 174, 199, 202, 39, 
85, 30, 27, 66-75, 78-80 (profits), 97-iox, 31, X69, 39, 5», 44, 331, 260, 264, 45, 
37, 56* 63; with Phil. Is. (mainly prohib.), 1, 66 t a, 159, 5, a6, 30, 308, 8, 169, 
170, 309, 310, 316, 317, 9, 36x, 363, 10, 145, X74, X75, 365, 366, 369, 270 (asked for 
CebtS), ia, 60, X02, 103, 14, 33X, 15, 56, *6, X76, 177, 19, X69, 305, *7, 158, a9, 
1x4, 30, 70; with China (soon prohib.), 1, 62, a, 301, 7, 120, 8, 3x6, 3x7, ia, 64- 
66 (amt and profits) ; various mention, 1, 62, 4, 3x4, 6, 261, 10, 265, 266, 11, 107, 
109, 13, 48, 51, 61-63 (merchants are being ruined), 64, 66 9 71, 19, 169, 22, 281, 
ao, 73, 30, 80, 48, 323, 325, 333 (via Panama) ; Panama (see also Portobello), 5, 
30, 31, 19, 104-107, 118, 169, 48, 333-335. 

North America: N. Espana exports, 6, 149, 14, 70, 231, 257, 16, 89, 18, 58, 59, 
175-180, 194, 195, 304, ao, 73, 237, 338, a4, 393, 36, 293, a7, X65, 174, 199, 30, 
68, 33, 378, 4a, 215, 45, 70, 71, 51, X39J imports, I, 62, 63, 66 4 5, 45, *» »7©, 8, 
94, 11, 107, 268, ia, 63, X89, 17, 337, 18, 64, ao, X30, 34, 24, 304, 30, 75, 34, 377, 
37, 355, 4>, 150, 155, 45, 70, 71, 80, 84 (see also below, Spice trade) ; regul. and re- 
strictions, 6, 281, ia, 56, 73, 13, 356-358, as, 137; trade at Acapulco, 39, 77, 44, 
293 (profits), 45, 87, 50, xo6, 51, 147-153, 285 (see also Acapulco) ; with Spain, 6, 
270, 19, 337, ao, 2x3, ai, X17, 265, 22, 32, 34, 53, 39, 3x1, 45, 70, 71 (*"*., costs, 
and profits) ; with Phil. Is. (see, below) ; with China, 6, 245, 7, 120, 262-264, 8, 
3x6, 3x7, ia, 65, 14, 2x9, 18, 58-60, 63, 64, 156; with Japan (see above, under 
Japan) ; with other peoples, 6, 169, 3x6, ia, 51, as, 120, 121, 4a, 236, 44, 289, 303, 



230 the Philippine islands [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 

47. ^33-235, 240, 241, 48, aia, 3*3-336; with Mindanao, forbid, 9, 1S5; variow 
mention, 1, 62, 4, 314, 6, 361 (slaves), 9, 115, 13, 47, 14, 146, 30, 130, 131, 32, 
101, 380, 24, 255, 37, 100, 113, 30, 72 (trade-center for Amer. colonies), 34, no, 
45 7©* 7«'» Guatemala, 17, 39, 33, 34, 

Philippine Islands: survey of their commL hist, I, 61-69, 37, 157-1619 30, 33- 
109, 44, 3*5-3 ". 45, 37-93 (Expedient*, cited, 44, 337, 357, 359, 264) ; in early 
years, free, 1, 61, 5, 30, 31 ; reserved to inhab. of colony, 3, 156, 7, 263, 8, 30ft, o, 
336, 13, 359, 17, 39-31 ; their chief or only pursuit, 7, 256, 8, 291, 393, 13, 51, 16, 
175, 336, 346, 41, "5, M* 48, «43; dependence of colony on, 3, H7» *, *$% 3** 
363, 387, 388, 9, 375, 316, 13, 3*4, 16, 63, 187, 17. 100, 30, 106, 33, 97, 34, 379, 

386, 30, 67-731 83, 85, 91, 96, 9«, ioi, 31, 184, 35, 43, 37, 193, 335; islands (and 
Manila especially) a center of trade, 17, 106, 113, 38, 306, 39, 66, 68, 39, 85, 41, 
107, 44, 43, 48, 306, 314, 49, 68, 50, 188, 51, 74, »57. »*3, 256, 257; promotion of; 
by gov. and other authorities, 3, 383, 6, 395, 396, 15, &6 t 19, 257, 39, 189, 43, 376, 

50, 48, 73, 51, 59, 314, 345, 385, 386; extent, importance, and value, 3, 101, 10, 
194, 19, 339, 37, 85-88, no, 30, 33, 49, 51, 53; extension and improvement, 1, 6% 
76, 7, 199, 33i, 19, 69, 70, 36, 3C7, 4», 117, "8, 153, 174, 180, 45, 157, 50, 55. 

51, 358, 359, 53, 114, 344; benefits to Spain, 47, 357-363; injuries, losses, and de- 
crease, 3, 391, 393, 4, 310, 5, 339, 3, 340, 9, 375, 10, 174, 337, 340, 13, 70, 14, 
333, 373, 17, 3o, 18, ti8, 305, 338, 30, 313, 33, 29, 183, 197, 33, 39, 48, 50, 34, 
«49, 35, 54, 60, 133, 39, 171, 189, 30, 73, 73, 80, 35, 44, 53, 36, 363, 43, 183, 183, 47, 
47, 335. 49, 39, 339, 51, 43, 43, "5, 136, 144, X47, 153, 157, 196, 347, 348; com- 
modities (chiefly exports), 3, 35, 69, 73, 3, 57, 313, 347, 349, 399, 4, 24, 58, 6, 380, 

7, 34, 35, *, 355, 9, «7, 335, 10, 84, 13, 193, 14, 73, 335, 16, 104, 106, 31, 30!- 
3«o, 313, 33, 3ii, 351, 36, 136, 37, 80, 81, 86, 300, 30, 64, 65, 95, 96, 34, 316, 377, 
38, 3', 47, 356, 357, 48, 88, 1x3 (intertribal), 306, 378, 379, 384-386, 291, 39S- 
300, 303-310, 51, 139, 154, 156, 53, «4; imports, 1, 63, 63, 68, 6, 50-53, 147, «S°* 

387, 8, 183, 183, 9, 72, 10, 84, 13, 191, 193, 14, 356-358, 16, 88, 18, 175-X80, 194, 
304, 19, 242, 319, 34, 304, 334, *6, 388, 292, 38, 199, 39, 196, 296, 47, 355-357, 48, 
377, 51, 139, 153, 154; profits, I, 63-65, 6, 359, 8, 177, 183, 183, 337, 9, 73, 11, 106, 
13, 64, 187, 188, 14, 219, 226, 314, 315, 15, 345, 18, 219, 226, 33, 171, 33, 49, 5*. 
193, 194, 34, 53, 305, 208, 35, 112-114, 117-122, 125, 126, 135, 136, 143, 36, 141, 37, 
326, 34, 189, 36, 205, 40, 300, 47, 46, 47, 183, 239, 256, 257; reforms needed, 6, 166- 
169, 13, 59, 60, 70-75, 16, 177, 17, 301, 302, 39, 74, 77-79, 48, 373-374, 393-295, 
313-335, 50, 62, 180, 51, 157, 332-240, 250, 256-259; regul. for, 11, 373, 373, 16, 
177, 35, 131, 38, 76, 39, 72, 44, 2x5, 50, 180; islands should be admin, by comml 
company, 48, 332; foreign control in (espec by Chin.), 1, 68, 33, 250, 35, 49, 50, 
59, 36, 259, 260, 48, 311, 51, 328, 229, 231, 232, 234, 236, 53, "4, X84; become* 
private, 1, 66, 45, 58, 51, 151, 385; opened to all nations, 17, 300, 53, 3x4; obras 
pias in, 47, 76, 49, 339, 51, 57, 148, 149; decrees rdg., 13, xxx, 36, 273, 51, 357, 
(see under Decrees: secular) ; various mention, 1, 67, 3, xox, 7, 120, 138, 139, 153, 

8, 174, 181, 10, 163, 193, 13, 46-57, 63, 102, X03, 14, 141, X48, 17, 35, 19, "9, 
124, 37, 200, 39, 28, in, 34, 335, 47, 323, 253-256, 283, 49, 39, 75, 76, 141, 339, 
333, 50, 105, x86, 231, 232, 51, 144-160, 210, 217, 318, 336, 344, 384-388, 5a, 88, 

113, 309. 
Internal, intertribal, and local: general internal, 48, 135, 183-186, 303; coast- 
ing and interisland, 3, 141-143, 186, 309, 338, 24X, 3, 35, 57, 149, 154, 155, 195, 4, 
303, 5, 69-73, 105, xx3, 10, 69, 16, 74, 106, 1x5, 194, 17, 107, 18, 101, 31, 313, 33, 
n6, 38, 326, 337, »9, 295, 306, 3», 93, 34, 186, 216, 377, 39, 3«, 5°> 104, 40, 157, 



Commerce] INDEX 231 

44, I7S. 45, 390, 4°, 309, 48, 186, si, 35, 154. I55» »*J» «34» 335, «4«5 between 
pror., vilL, or tribes, 3, 165, 202, 286, 287, 5, 61, 101, iai, 141, 16, 102, 19, 159, 
354, 31, 33X, 33, 379, 39, 156, 366, 295, 300, 33, "Si *93, *99, 34. aoa, 37. *ox, 
«43. 38. 145. 39, 32, 40, 41. i*4. 3«, 360, 43, 4a, 58, a73, a99. 44. 7a, 73, 46, 4*, 

47, 398, 299, 48, 88, «3, 49, a66, SO, 313-215, 248-251, 51, 50, 81, 8$, 53, 35*, 
352; Span, with natives, 3, 59, 63, 137, *38, 141, 14a, 156, 3, 180, 262, 269-271, 4, 
*oo, 233, 7, 97, 8, 82, 88, 89, 92, 94, 9, 65, 14, 169, 3", IS, 13a, 18, 99, 14a, 31, 
300, 38, 179, 309, 39, 306, 3«, 115, X20, 172, 33, i4«, «5i, 34, »98, ao2, 225, 263, 
39, ai8 (prohib. by ecc), 41, 126, 277, 322, 49, 99, 3<>3, 334, SO, 122, 132, 133, 
168, Si, 8z; provin., with N. Espana, 9, 185, 16, 149, 41, 242, 243; Chin, with Fil., 
3, 370, 8, 82-88, 92, 94, 9, 320, 10, 81, 16, 103, 104, 34, 186, 189, 190, 2x6 (Morns), 
377. 46, 48 (Morot), 49, 144, so, 200, 21 x, 2x2; various mention, 3, 137, 138 
(by women), 3, 57, a66, 270 (profits), 4, 99, 5, 47, 75, 77, «<>5» 3x7 (forbid, to na- 
tives), 6, 53, 7, 139, 8, 82, 289, 10, 8i, 87, 11, 26, I J, 187, 13, 387, IS, 303, 3<H 
(Dutch and Fil.), 16, 162 (restricted to vill.), 325 (Port and natives), 18, 3x6, 31, 
«9, 9°, 33, 282, 39, 297, 39, xo8, xo9 (Eng. in Batanes), 40, 87, 208, 209, 293, 360, 

48, 247 (advantages of Fil. for com.), so, X99, 200, 203, |i, 50, 224, 237, 245, 
358. 

Foreign: in general, 1, 68, 7, 34, 35, 44, 3©x, 45, X57, 48, 271, 304, 306-3x2, so, 
37, Si, 15a, 153. European - with Spain, 1, 67, 68, 70, 3, 36, xox, 3, 58, 4, xoo, 
14, 50, 17, "3, 19, 104, 106, x68, 237, 342, 34, X7X, 34, 399, 4<>9, 47, 357, 267, 
a68, 278, 282-284, 48, 273-279 (advantages of direct), si, 3x5, 2x6, 250, 256-259, 
53, xx8; with Portuguese (chiefly of Macao), 3, 38, 6, 163, 243, 303, 305, 7, 80, 
303, 8, 174-196, 319, 14, 3x5-2x7, 15, X82, 2ix, 16, 44, 184, X85, 18, 196, 328, 19, 
198, 33, 67, 187, 188, 33, 33, 379, 34, 388, 3S, HX-X43, 36, 274, 39, 306, 3S, 176, 
37, 193, 38, 268, 43, X34, 150, X51, X95, X98, 294, 44, 99, 47, 69; with Dutch 
(chiefly of Batavia), 38, 202, 37, 335, a62, 43, xi8, 174, 303, 46, 44, 47, 33a, 233, 
267, 48, 277; with Eng. (Brit.), 17, 300 39, 168, 35, 184, 209-2x1, 38, 268, 
369, 39, 85, 47, 338, 267, 48, 31X, 49, X50, X52, X64; French, 47, 338, 48, 3», 51, 
154; Venetians, 16, 229; Americans (U. S.), 51, 40, 43, X53, 154, 159, x6o, 53, 
310, 3x7. 

Oriental, in general, 1, 68, 6, 169, 16, 103, 146, 176, 19, 26-28, xx8, 31, 183, 37, xoo, 
no, 147, 36, 26, 40, 307, 47, xox, 48, 311; with India (Bengal, Cochin, Coro- 
mandel, Goa, Malabar), 6, 261, 262, 7, 200, 8, 175, x8x, 13, 51, 18, 183, 19, 207, 
33, 89, 33, 97, 37, 117, 36, 205, 40, 30X, 43, 149, 150, 155, «74, «8o, 204, 47, 338, 

49, 27; with Siam, 6, 163, 9, 197, 10, 268, 15, 80, 8x, 184, X85, 16, X85, 37, 47, 

48, 48, 3x1, 3x2; Camboja and Cochinchina, 9, 87, 16, 185, 33, 53, 34, 207, 39, 

49, 48, 3x1, 3x2; Borneo, 1, 34, 3, 34, 160, 275, 4, H9, *53-i55, '83, 184, 189, 203, 
208, 5, 105, 6, 163, 16, X34, 185, 33, 325, 35a, 353, 34, 397, 41, 3**, 43, 184, 51, 
28; other regions in Eastern Archipelago (see above, under Orient: Malay Archi- 
pelago) ; Arabs, 37, 82, 44, 301, Armenians, 43, 36x, 48, 27X, 3x1, 49, 83, 51, 

353, 354- 

With China: in general, 3, 35, 69, 72, 3, 57, 103, 155, 167, 172, 181, 184, 212, 
2x4, 225-227, 245, 296, 299, 4, 34, 49, 50, 58, 88, S, 81, 105, XX7, 208, 6, 90, 91, 95, 
XX7, 126, 150, 163, 183, 204, 2xx, 226, 259, 262, 304, 3x6, 7, 91, X64, X65, 2x7, 263, 
8, 84, 85, 88, 90, X69, 184, X95, 274, 9, 5i, «3, 189, 244, 252, 254, 266, 307, 316, 
323, 10, 84, 207, 231, 23a, 11, 57 (illegal), 13, X23, X91, 192, 13, 221-224, 227, 
252, 280, 284, 286, 287, 290, 29X, 14, 44, 45, 70, 15, 53, 56, 162, X63, X73-X74, 303, 
16, 44, 234, 297, 17, 249, 296, 18, 58-64, xox, 19, 193, 31, X28, 33, 67, 89, 97. 
xoo, 128, 129, 141, X7X, 174, 175, 33, X93, 239. 34, X50, 3x9, 322, 37, 158, 39, 39, 



232 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 

79, 306, s©7. 30, 49, 135. 31, 182, 189. 33, 349, 34, 184-186, 271, 398, 384 (of 
Cagayan), 35, 84, 150, 157, 177, 251, 36, 201, 249, 37, 214, 261, 276, 3*, 268, 
39, 88, 40, 48, 301, 41, 85, 86, 4», 118, 119, 149, 150, X55, 180, 204, 256, 44, 146, 
238, 262, 263, 47, 209, 259. 4», 3", 49, 15*, 3">, 51, 58, 253; extent, importance, 
tod value, 5, 236-238, 6, 47, 6i, 285-288, 7, 34, 35, 74, 89, 8» 237, *°» '79, «, 
in, 15, 295, 303, 30, 27, 29, 42, 43; now conducted, 16, 180-183, M, »5«, *52, 
*5, 35, *7, i«, "2, 34, 186, 187, 189, 45, 7^; profits, 6, 302, 316, IO, 179, 11, 
130, 131, 13, 65, 15, 303, *6, *94, 18, 275, 19, 3<H-3o6, J3, 219, *7, 112, 179, 
202; necessary for Phil, colony, 9, 72, 13, 1 57-159, *8, 76, 194, 249, 33, 173, 37, 
no, 29, 39, 30, 94, 42, 149; detrimental to interests of colonies and Spain, 6, 279- 
281, 8, 86-88, 273, 10, 81, 199, 200, 15, 173, *75, **, *77, 187, 30, 130, 131, 219, 
70, 71, 74, 76-79, 82; abuses in, 18, 307, 19, 88, 89, 22, 153; restrictions or prohib., 
5, 237, 238, 6, 288, 289, 295, 296, 9, 235, 236, 323, 324, II, 70, 71, 13, 55, 66, 13, 
256, 14, 48, 16, 181, 182, 17, 32-34, 18, 194, 195, 19, 237, 35, 141, *7. 158; 
harassed by enemies, 18, 31, 67-72, 75, 162, 2x9, 220, 228, 19, 58, 68, 200, so, 28- 
32, 25, Z22, 128, 35, 84 ; citizens forbid, to traffic in China, 1, 62, 215, 137, 138. 

With Japan: in general, I, 68, 3, 238, 3, 298, 5, 105, 6, 163, 205, 7, 35, 99, X24, 
138, 147, 155, 8, 190, 191, 193, 261, 264, 285, 9, 34, 49, 123! 140, 232, 236, 301, 
10, 84, 207, 211, 12, 188, 13, 227, 228, 252, 14, 53, 221, 229, 15, 67, X17, 201-204, 
251-254, 256, 16, 29, 47, 48, 278, 28x, 300, 301, 17, 237, 18, 31, 58-64, 99, xox, 175, 
X79, x8o, 195, 196, 240, 19, 69, 94, 205, 20, 32, 46, 131, 22, 68, 94, 96, 100, X28, 129, 
171, 172, 33, 162, 24, 205, 214, 230, 279, 286, 322, 323, 37, 189, 31, 170, 281, 3*. 
126, 34, 439, 36, 2ox, 205; importance, 24, 171; demands silver, 16, 183, 18, 340, 
341; profits, 195; restrictions, 14, 232, 15, 203, 32, 120; prohib. by Jap. govt, 14, 
228, 235-239, 17, X37, 319, ai, 86, 33, 145, 316, 33, 55, 63-65, 37, 49, 197, 39, 306, 
30, 31, 33, 138, 35, 57, 176, 36, 260, 43, 149. See also under Japan. 

Philippine Islands with N. Espana (Manila-Acapulco trade): exclusively for 
citizens of Phil. Is., I, 63, 67, 7, 153, 10, 89, 90, 13, 46, 13, 259, 17, 31, 34, 291, 
37, 159, 204, 210, 30, 59, 60, 62, 44, 229-231, 241, 248, 249, 303, 45, 60; controlled 
by Mexicans, 44, 241, 244, 248-251, 293, 304; importance and value, 5, 31, 6, 47, 
13, 259, 15, 303, 16, 186, 18, 320, 19, 99, 30, 131, 37, X77, 30, 65, 44, 393, 298, 
300, 303, 304, 45, 30, 43, 57, 65, 49, »35, »95', restrictions on, 1, 61-63, 66, 67, 9, 
185 (Mindanao prohib. to N. Espana), 14, 141, 142, 231, 16, 63, 17, 29-34, 30 » 
130, 131, 37, 120, X2x, 158, 210, 45, 37, 39, 4*t 69, 51, 15* 5 wh y restricted, 30, 6x, 
45» 76; prohib. for a time, 17, 29; should be free, 30, 65-67, 48, 295, 319, 320, 
322, 325, 327; amt of Phil, exports limited to 250,000 pesos, finally increased to 
500,000, 1, 63, 66 f 67, 13, 257, 16, 63, 177, 37, 147, 150, 159, 167, x68, 175-178, 
205, 30, 26, 27, 50, 57, 59-65, 44, 229-233, 241, 247, 249-251, 257, 260-266, 271, 
273, 276, 278, 303, 305, 308, 310, 45, 30, 31, 38, 57-59, 65; investments therein, 14, 
232, 276 (by Mex.), 18, 228, 19, 3", 30, 132, 31, 199, 33, 215, 271, 34, 255, 35, 
39, 1x3, X14, X17, X24, 36, 136, 137, 269, 288, 38, 298, 39, 78, xio, xxi, 35, 150, 47, 
208, 212-2x7, 233, 239, 240; conduct and management, 33, 49, 50, 37, 160, 44, 239 
("confidence system" in, 244, 247, 251), 45, 44, 53, 66 t 48, 312-3x4 (should be 
under trading company), 321-323, 49, 196, 197; commodities in, 3, 34, 6, 50, 51, 
8, 89, 9, 117 (from Panay, should be sent direct to N. Espana), 16, 183, x86, 18, 
179, 37, 198, 202, 39, 77, 30, 27, 64, 65, 99 (mainly in silks; see below, Silk trade), 
39, 51, 44, 255, 257, 258, 261, 267-269, 287, 288, 293, 298, 302, 305, 308, 31X, 45, 
35, 40, 55, 72, 48, 285, 286; transported in roy. ships (called naos, or galleons), 1, 
62, 64, 3, 21, 8, x6, 13, 62 (armed), 13, 256, 273, 315, 18, 307, 35, 60, 61 (mil. 



Commerce] INDEX 233 

force on), 39, 79, 39, 5*. 44, 291 (tonnage, 330, 331, 337. 239, 266, 277), 3", 48, 
3*3, 49, 3", 51, 150. *5*» *55 (private ships in this trade, 13, 48, 30, 99, 34, 
399, 400; spec permit to Conde de S. Lucar, 39, xzi, xi3, 30, 94, 96) ; toneladas 
(see under Weights and measures), 19, zz8, 45, 85 (value). 

Packages, pieza (the unit of lading), 1, 63 (value), 14, 373, 375, 378, 393 (est. 
value), 398, 301, 303, 308, 311 (classes and dimensions), 45, 30, 32, 39, 4°, 45» 53, 

55, 74, 83-8* (value); bale (fardo), 3, *37, M, H5, 44, 255 (of silk, size), 301, 
45, 55 (dimensions), 80, 51, 147, 151; half-bale, 44, 311 (dimensions), 313, 45, 
55 (origin); chest (for cloves), capacity, 74; half-chest (for silks), 44, 373, 398, 

305, 3zz (dimensions), 3x3, 45, 30, 33, 55 (origin), 60 (standard size); bag 
(churla), 44, 373, 311 (capacity), 45, 73 (id.), 84; half-bundle, 44, 373; case 
(balsa), 3x1, 313; sack, 18, 141 (value), 44, 373, 47, 256. 

Allotment of lading-space, 1, 63, 17, 28-33, 47, 18, 35, jo, 338, 344, 35, 24, 26, 
*7, *75, 30, 63, 44, 230-336, 368, 383, 308, 3x3, 45, 43, 58, 60, 50, xo6, 51, X5«; 
to gov., ship officers, etc, 1, 64, 27, *75, 44, 2x5, 308, 3", 45, 35 J to sea- 
men, 17, 30, 44, 341, 378, 379, 307, 3x3; boletas (tickets therefor), and their prices, 
*r 64, 44, 3X5, 216, 45, 59, 73, 5©, xo6, 51, x$i; regul. for, 14, X4X-X44, 3x5, 3x6, 
17, X77, 30, X39, X30, 34, 195, *9*, 291, *7, 6x, 29, «o-xx2, 44, 339-337, 366-368, 
3x0-3x3, 45, 3*, 59, 60, 48, x«9, 50, x8o; registration, 3, x86, 17, 37, 3*, 4*, *4, 
195, *9*, *5, 30, 30, 51, 53, 55, 61-65, 74, 80, 87, 90, 93, 9*, X03-X08, 44, 339, 341, 
*77, 303; valuation, 35, 3*, 44, 33*, 238, 239, 268, 3©6, 307, 3x3, 45, 63, 69, 78, 79, 
48, 189; declarations of value, 30, 104-107, 44, 339, 333, 339, 341, 368, 377, 303, 

306, 307, 45, 5*! inspection, 13, 265, 35, 3*, 44, 309, 3"*, other matters, 37, 170, 
185, 44, 333, 336, 338, 368, 45, 66; disposal of cargo at Acapulco, 11, 109 (set 
Ships: galleons). 

Cost of conducting (partly met by royal treasury), and risks of loss, 35, 6x, 
37, 165, X79-X81, x86, 205, 3xx, 30, 63, 44, 235, 270, 283, 45, 59, 73-75, 79- 
87, 47, 283, 48, 333, 51, 149; duties and other imposts (see under Revenue and 
exchequer) ; indult (a payment of a lump sum for duties, permitted by king), 
44, 339, 330, 334-336, 341-243, 245, 368, 303-306, 45, 59; returns (which must 
be in silver) from sale of cargoes, 9, 269, 13, 257, 259, 17, 46, 18, 195, 33, 
X02, 37, 161, 39, 297, 30, 52, 60, 64, 82, 42, 206, 45, 29-3X, 35, 36, 41, 43, 53- 

56, 59, 68, 87, 48, X45; profits, 1, 63, 65, 13, 60, 14, 141, »4* 16, X76, 18, 195, 
392, 19, 305, *5, 59-^5, "2, X13, X36, 37, X45, X5X, 168, 174, 175, x8o, x8i, x86, 
197, 305, 207, 2x0, 39, 77, 308, 30, 57, 58, 6$, 31, 225, 44, 23X, 335, 349, 353, 
371, 273, 276, 278, 383, 285, 288, 290, 292, 45, 43-45, A 52, 66, 67, 73-75, 79-82, 
85, «7, 47, 233, 51, 151, 240. 

Naval and military frauds, and violations of law, 10, 102, 19, 94, 95, 239- 
341, 27X, 272, 34, 291, 35, 26, 37, 61-63, X51, 159-***, **7-*77, 204-206, 
3x1, 39, X13, XX4, 34, 400, 44, 238, 238-24X, 244-352, 255, 256, 260, 263, 272, 
377, 378, 293, 300, 303-3*0, 45, 3*, 35, 40 (see Penalties), 63, 67, 70, 78, 79, 48, 
189, 331; reforms needed, 17, 300, 301, 18, 390-393, 398-303; injurious effects on 
com. of Spain and Amer. colonies, 7, 303, 8, 373, 13, 56, 6x, 6s, 13, 358, 14, 314, 

16, 176, 33, 380, 386, 37, xx3, 30X-303, 309, 2x0, 30, 50, 6x, 63, 65, 67, 44, 231, 233, 
351, 254-357, 292-295, 303, 304, 45, 29, 32, 36-39, 4*, 4*, *2-66; claims by Manila 
rdg., 37, 55, 57, 63 ; controversy between Mknila and Andalusia, 44, 386*391, 296- 
303, 307-309, 45, 39-88 ; investigations, reports, and opinions, 6, 379, 14, 3x4-3x7, 

17, 313-333, 30, 33, 34, 44, 231, 237-265, 273-286, 29X, 293, 396, 305, 306, 45, 29- 
42, 45, 49, 53-57, 60, 62, 69, 70, 84-88, 51, 240. 

Losses and decline in this commerce, 6, 304, 15, 62, 126, 17, 134-137, 249, 



234 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Commerce 

CoMMEJtCE and Tiadi (continued) — 

18, 91, 93, 19, 333, **, 73, *5, 5*» 63, 66, 67, 37, 157, 178-180, **7t 189-197, 
307, an, 39, 58, 30, 70b 83, 86-91, 95, 36, 50, 37, «6, 44, a**, 301, 45, 68, 75, 
47, 46, 59, 65, 66, 68, 69, 74-76, 164, 333, 48, 145; dependence on it of PhiL colony, 
18, 118, 390, 37, 56, 58, 145, 151, 307, 310, 30, 37, 48, 49, 5*, 56-59, 4*, *6o, 44, 
358, 360, 364, 369, 373-377, 383, 390, 305, 45, 41, 54, 63; uL, of N. Etpafia, 19, 
343, 37, 19S, 300, 44, 359, 361, 363; charitable funds invested in, 374, 376, 378, 
380, 47, 308, 309, 3x1-215, 3x7, 330, 333, 51, 57, *49 (•*• Obras pUs) ; cessation, 
45, 58, 5i, 240, 52, "4; various mention, 1, 53, 67, 5, *6, 8x, 6, 370* 8, 337, 317, 
II, 94, 367, 375, ", 46, 13, 356-359, 14, 63, X40, X4X, 33X, 349, 15, 3o6, 16, 146, 
171, 176, 17, 337, 338, 349, 18, xx8, X95, 353, 363, 375, 19, 93, 94, 99, "8, X96, 
339, 371, 30, 34, X14, X39, X30, X35, 344, 33, 73, 173, 33, 163, X63, 34, 53, x6o, 
185, 308, 307, 308, 318, 319, *°\ 370, 37, X47, X49, 158-160, 38, 398, 39, 53, 58* 
30, 48, 65, 66, 86, 96, 39, 51, 4*, 119, 44, 3<>9» 3" (share asked for ecc cabildo), 
45, 88 (see also below, Silk), 46, 53, 47, 1x3, 49, 3x1, 3x3. 

Methods and agencies — 

Barter, fairs, etc.: barter, 1, 133, 150, x6x, 163, 336, 386, 389, 390, 399, 3, 56, 59, 
9*, 97, 135, *36, X87, X9X, X94, X98, 307, 333, 339, 341, 3, 103, 195, *»» *">, 3*3, 
334, 336, 363, 4, 86 (stores for), 93, 387, 391, 5, X3x, 3x0 (rice standard in), 3x7, 
7, i6x, 8, 83, 87, 88, 93, 94. 10, 8x, II, xo8, 13, 337, 338, 14, "5, »*7. «**, *95, 
303, 305, 3x3, 16, xca, xo6, X38, 303, 19, 304, 3", 3X3, ao, 358, 379, M, 144, *3, 
30, 379, 37, 93-97, 3a, X99, 33, «4, 4», 45, 47, *3*, «53, *55, 339, *6s, 365, 395, 354, 

34, 55, 3i7, 3«8, 37, «43, 39, a*, 109, 40, 48, 360, 45, 39, 51, 86, 337; petty retail 
trade, carried on mainly by hucksters (mostly Chin.), 5, 3xx, 339, 340, 6, 168, 7, 
138-140, 154, 15 5, 10, 8x (without system or standard), 87, 150, 359, 396-398, 11, 
384, 13, 375, 18, 306, 3x3 (Fil.), 338 (Jap.), 36, 333, 48, 183-185; fancada (whole- 
sale purchase of cargo from Chin, merch.), 6, 167, 168, 7, 138, 139, 8, 353, 9, 338, 
334-336, 10, 84, 196, 289, 13, 75, 17, 28, 33, X5X, 152, 35, 119, 37, xix, 44, 303, 303 
(see also Decrees: royal) ; wholesale (at Acapulco), 45, 87; sales on commission, 

35, X19, 127, 39, X42, 45, 53, 71, 74, 51, X50; comml. exchanges in Manila, 17, 306 
(proposed for prov., 48, 303); "Moro Exchange" at Zamboanga, 44, 72, 73, 53, 
35i, 353. 

Fairs (chiefly annual), 37, 96; Acapulco, 1, 66, 30, 54, 44, *44, «97, 198, 244, 
350, 373, 282, 293, 300, 306, 309, 45, 30, 36, 43-45, 53, 67, 80, 48, X45, 3"; Canton, 
35, 1x7, 135, 31, 134 (twice a year) ; Jalapa (Xalapa), 45, 80; Japan, 39, 156, in 
Levant, 44, 301; Lispor, 37, 97; Manila, 44, 238; Medina del Campo (semi- 
annual), money loaned at, 1, 225; among Moros, 44, 72, 73 (also early mode of 
com. everywhere) ; of N. Espafia, 45, 51; of Orient, 37, 93, 96, 97; Peru, 45, 51; 
in Phil, vill., 36, 285 (called tiangui) ; Portobello, 44, 295; in Salomon Is., 19, 
289. 

Merchants and traders'. Span., in Phil. Is., 1, 60, 64, 65, 67, 3, 167, 3, 343, 352 
(broker, corredor de lonja), 5, 39, 339, 340, 343, 6, 3x9 (marry Chin, women), 
395, 296, 7, 55, 76, 88, 8, 169-171, 177, 281, 282 (marry rich widows), 14, 226, 
373, 17, 33, 99, *«, 53, 393, 30, X40, 33, 3x6, 32, 375, 394, 34, 400, 36, 303, 37, 
362, 39, 88, 44, 309 (contrib. to roy. treas.), 48, 184, 49, X96, 197, 51, 107 (in 
consulado), 150-152 (mere agents for foreigners), 154, 157, 160, 171; of Spain, 1, 
62, 70, 286-288, 6, 287, 13, 258, 17, 396, 19, 24X, 43, 335 (control prices), 44, 353- 
357 (opinions by), 363, 280, 285, 291-296 (oppose Manila trade), 303-305, 306 
(sent inspector to Acapulco), 45, 39, 45, 47-53 (oppose Manila trade), 61-67, 70 
(form trading company), 75-84 (oppose Manila), 48, 3x5-3x7 (dominated by 



Commerce] index 235 

foreigner!), 318-320, 3*8, 51, X52; of N. Espana, 3, 2x3, "4, 5, 29, 6, *44, *45, 
8, 316, II, xi8, 19, 105, 140, 33, 49, 34, 160, 44, 241-244, 248-251 (control Manila 
trade), 253, 292, 293, 304, 45, 37, 64 (teach Chin, to imitate Eur. goods), 65, 71, 
79, 86 (can corner market), 87, 48, 189, 313; Dutch, 14, 1x3, 114, 48, 209 (of Zee- 
land, seek N. W. Passage) ; Port, 3, 227, 8, 177, 184; Chin., 1, 39, 62, 4, 24, 6, 
6x, 152, 9, 301, 10, 213, 13, 123, 154, 13, 221-223, 14, 121, 124, 126, 129, 133, 16, 
3X, 39, 292 (called auhay; avay, anhay, in 30, 109), 33, X94, 30, 231, 36, 204, 39, 
302 (in Mexico), 51, 157 (of "Hong") ; foreign, force opium trade on China, 157- 
Z S9» 351; endanger independence of Japan, 33, 294; in Manila, 40, 300; seize 
Mindanao coast, 122 ; rel disguised as, 30, 88, 31, 253 ; "free" (status, and mean- 
ing of term), 38, 279; hucksters, peddlers, etc (see also above, Barter; retail 
trade), 3, 167, 6, 168, 7, 154, 155, 10, 8x, 87, 150, 259, 296-298, II, 284, 13, 275, 
18, 312, 45, 287, 47, 175; other mention, 3, X82, 9, 24, 301, II, 118, 13, 64, 65, 
18, 53, 33, 30, 38, 217, 45, 64, 48, 290 (German, in Oriental trade) ; factors (of 
trading companies), I, 54, 8, 97, 10, 78, 11, 109, 16, 52, 17, X29, 35, X53, 47, 
230; comml. agents, 7, X53, *<>, 97, 34, 255, 35, 44. 50, 199, 51, X50; middlemen, 3, 
292, 51, X57. 

Bureaus, trading companies, and factories: India House of Trade (Casa de Con- 
tratacion; at Sevilla), 1, 91, 218, 226, 250, 251, 253-256, 259, 261, 284-286, 291, 292, 
3, 25, 26, 50, 78, 3, X26, 9, X59, IO, 203, II, 312, 14, 97, 98, X09, no, 17, 34, 19, 
168, 33, 147, 35, 32, 147, 45, 82; admin, estates of deceased, 18, 36, 30, 177, 53, 
339, 34o; history, I, 218, 53, 325, 326; India House of Portugal, I, 237; U. S. 
Dept. of Labor and Commerce, 38, 338 ; roy. tribunal of com. at Manila (created 
1834), x 7> 302, 45, 241, 242; board (or junta) for allotting space in galleon, how 
composed, 1, 63, 17, 3*, 44, 230, 232, 308, 309, 311, 312. Consulates, 30, 24, 44, 
231; of Sevilla, 253, 263; Cadiz, 262-264, 266 » 3 9*» 3 9 a » 3 OI » 302, 45* 29; Mexico, 
13, 57, 35, 31; Manila, 44, 266, 45, 58 (qualif. for members), 60, 241 (estab. 
nautical school), 50, 67, 51, 107. 

Commercial companies: in gen., 14, 1x2, 114, 1x7, 48, 183, 184; Eur., in Far East, 
2o6 t 287-292; demand large capital, 184, 288, 292; Spain needs, 329; a strong one 
in Phil. Is. would check contraband trade, 48, 295, 337. 

Dutch - Ostend, 45, 38; Nouv. Comp. dcs Brabancons, 15, 307; W. India, 37, 
1x9; other minor, 11, 150 (1598; sends Van Noordt exped.), 14, 113 (ca. 1603; 
sends Van der Hagen), 15, 300 (id.), E. India Co., 268, 307, 326-328, 330, 18, 280, 
30, 29, 33, 32 (formed, 1602, by consol. of other companies), 37, 1x9 (decline), 
35, 209 (alliance with Eng. E. I. Co.), 36, 257 (value of property in Formosa), 
38, 279 (trade in India refused to), 43, 242 (estab. at Cape of Good Hope), 45, 38, 

48, 49 (extent of operation), 47, 230, 231, 234 (hist.), 240, 48, 284, 288 (wealth 
and power), 291. English - Osterly, 49, 45; Hudson's Bay, why formed, 48, 207; 
E. India, 18, 144, 19, 303, 30, 29, 33, 170, 35, 209-21X, 39, 57, 73 (in Mindanao), 
43, 175, X78, 45, 5», 5* (absorbs rival company, 1702), 47, 238, 239, 49, 7*, 3x6, 
50, 45 ; its wealth and power, 43, 179, 48, 289, 290 ; trades in N. Espafia, 45, 53, 
68 (here called '"Royal"), 72, 80, 81; in opium trade, 51, 158, 159, 251; its share 
in capture of Manila, 49, 4*, **, **, *8, 71, 72, 81, X55, 267, 3x3, 3x5, 3x7-3x9; 

history, 35, 209, 45, 52. Spanish -Co. of Druggists, 47, 270, 272; Bayona (Bayone). 

49, 3 xx, 312; Co. of Philipinas (or Royal Co.; 1733, at Cidiz), 45, 45-50, 69, 70, 
72, 81, 49, 31X, 3x2, 50, 294; Comp. Gen. de Tabacos de Filipinas (of Barcelona), 
owns large collec. of Philippina, 1, 17, 3, 334, 13, 182, 53, 14, 53, 33, 34 (see also 
under Books). Philippine- one formed by Arandia (1755), 48, 183, 184, 189, 53, 
354; proposed by Viana for benefit of Phil, com., 48, 197, 292, 294-3x3, 3x8- 



236 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 

333 (as administrator of Phil, colony, 332) ; Comp. de Filipinas (1785), X, 54, 
*7, *7, 30, 3«. 51, 9°i «39, 144. i5°> «5*» *5*i «7*» 5*, 1x4; granted a monopoly of 
trade, 1, 67, 5X, *5o, X52 (abolished in 1820, 287, 5*> 257) ; dissolved (1834), 1, 
67, 17, 302. French -E. India Co., 47, 238-240, 48, 287, 29a Danish E. India 
264, 265, 290. Swedish E. India, 290; one proposed for Prussia, 290; Peruvian, 
X3, 71. Mexican, forbid, in Phil., 7, 153. 

Trading posts and factories - European, in E. Indies, 16, 241, 36, 297, 43, 153; 
in Canton, suppressed by Chin, gov., 45, 38. Port, 1, 305, 308, 3, 273, 3, 227 (at 
Macao, g.v., above, under Portugal), dutch -in Far East, 14, 114, 17, 251, 18, 
107-111 (in 1618, enumerated), 163, 256, 19, 27, 25, 52, 37, 92-97 (full acct of 
their trade), 39, 79, 35, 153; in India, 18, 107, 108, 163, 30, 39t 4*» x 74i 218; 
Japan, 17, 1x9, 18, 7*, 108, 163, 251, 19, 290, 33, 127, 169, 171, 173, 27, xo8, 31, 
255, 33, i*6, 35. X53J Formosa, 33, 169, 171; Siam, X9, 290, 33, 120, 217, 107; 
Camboja and Cochinchina, 107, 327, 29, 38; Patani and Johor, 18, 70, 107, 108, 33, 
192, 37, 95, 107; Java and Sumatra (Bantam, Achen, etc), 14, 1x4, 18, 70, 107, 
i*3> *9, 30* 207, 3o8, 261, 290, JO, 28, 33, 170, 23, 90 (Humbe, for Jambi), 97, 
37, 106-108, 35, 153, 38, 280 (see Jacatra and Batavia), 39, 92; Borneo, 18, xo8, 
35i 153; Moluccas, 14, 1x2 (defin. of "factory"), xx8, 175, 18, 256, 3X, 249; Ma- 
casar, 27, 108; Curacoa, 45, 72; in Europe, 18, 163. Spanish -in China, attempted 
6, 29, 303, 8, 184, 9, 1x3, 17, 3x9; in Ternate, 18, 141 (in Tidore?), 19, xx8, 
123, 141; Formosa, 33, 75; Siam and Cochinchina, 23, 53, 44, 152, 48, 3x2; in 
China, by Mex. and Peruv., 45, 64; various mention, X, 75, 19, 124, 141, 303, 22, 
266, 26, 158, x86, 30, 86, 51, 246. ENGLISH -in Orient, 15, 317, 18, 66 t 3*, X26 
(Japan), 39, 93, 120 (Sumatra), X2x, 43, 153 (Coromandel), 45, S>> 5 2 »* Jamaica, 

72. FRENCH, 18, 224, 19, 60, 43t 153* DANISH, X53. CHINESE, at Cauchi, 3, 298, 299. 

Merchandise and commodities: in general, on trading-fleets, 25, 25; appraisals, 27, 
62, 30, 51, 87, 45, 71 (values arbitrated), 47, 65; registration and declaration (see 
above, Phil. Is. and N. Espana) ; how packed (id.), 44, 3x1; compressed for ship- 
ment, 308, 3x1, 45, 55, 72; adulterated or counterfeited, 10, 8x, 22, 285, 44, 146, 
45, 64, 288, 48, 275, 319 (see also Provisions) ; various mention, 14, 229, 15, 237- 
240, 259, 261, 263, 264, 267, 33, 120, 138, 39, 120, 34, 392, 35, 159, 39, 296, 47, 35- 
Of various regions: Orient, 3, 116-X18, 123, 142, 207, 225, 229, 238, 15, 3x7, 16, 
228, 229, 19, 303-319 (full enumeration, with prices), 30, 79, 52, 113; India, 30, 
79, 45, 5 1 * 5 2 » 4&» 265, 266, 306; Japan, 16, 176, 183 (sent to Phil, and Mex.); 
China, in Phil. Is., 3, 243, 6, 69, 167, 168, 7, 34, 35, **5, ", *9*, 15, 172, *73, **> 
177, 25, 24 (must not be concealed in convents), 32, 3 J, 185, 35, 177; in N. Espana, 
I, 62, 6, 281, 37, 100, 1x2, 198, 39, 7i (over-supply, 73, 77, 208), 30, 7h 99, 44, 
261; in Peru, 12, 61, 29, 73 (overstocked; import, forbid., 27, 158, 162, 165, X73, 
202, 30, 68-72, 77, 98, 101) ; prohib. in Spain, 44, 258; fraudulently sold as Eur., 
48, 275, 276, 318, 319; supplants Eur. in America, 44, 254-256, 304, 45, 29; commo- 
dities, 3, 212, 214, 226, 245, 299, 4, 58, 6, 204, 7, 34, 35, 8, 85, 90, 10, 84, 13, X91, 
16, 236, 19, 307-309, 27, X98, 30, 79, 39, 302, 47, 259; quality, 37, 149, 219, 69, 44, 
259, 293, 295, 304; cheapness, 37, 112, 149, 162, 202, 30, 71, 77, 78, 44, 251, 255, 
259, 261, 289, 293, 303, 48, 325; profits, 13, 60-64, 66, 34, 298, 35, »77J value, 7, 
34, 16, 181, 18, 38, 45, 30; various mention, 8, 176, 180, 14, 38-44, 229, 39, 77. 
Philippine Is. (see above, under this caption). European, 1, 142, 253, 285, 289, 7, 
54, 16, 176, 39, 311, 45, 70-72, 48, 275-278; Span., 1, 253, 3, 57, 90, 6, 279, 280, 
282, 286, 44, 259, 261, 293, 47, 267, 282; Port., 6, 316; of N. Espana, 13, 64, 16, 
289, 34, 286. 



Commerce] index 237 

Spices (see also Spices, and each kind thereof) : early hist of this trade, 16, 223, 
224, 27, 88; ▼•!«« and profits, 3, 207, 208, 19, 291, 292, 304, 39, 55, 45, 66, 47, 
271, 272, 48, 284, 288; rivalry in, 18, 151, 152, 47, 365; controlled by Spain, 4, 313, 
5, 248, 37, 69, 47, 281-284; monopoly by Dutch, 15, 3»7"33X, 39, 49, 4*, x*4» 45, 
72, 47, a«3, 48, 212, 215, 288; sent to America, 4, 314, II, 109, 4a, 287, 292, 301, 
304, 44, a6i, 301, 304; various mention, I, 25, a, 26, 38, 79, 92, 97, 99, 229, II, 
109, no, 15, 41, 17, 146, 18, 162, ao, 30, 45, 61, 63, 66, 47, 267-269. Cloves, value 
and profits, 19, 140, 141, 36x, 33, 128, a3, 30, 3«, *7, 97, 100, 109, xxo, 30, 38, 5*, 
45, 74, 75, 47, 371, 383; Port in, 16, 225, 37, 98, xoo, 109, 30, 36, 46, 49; Dutch 
in (and finally monopolize), 14, 59, 1x5-1x7, 177, 178, 15, 3x8-322, 16, 3x6, 18, 
I5«, *7, io 9» ao » 309, 30, 37, 3«, 38, 278, 279, 39, 49, 4*, "4, "5, 47, 36i, 365, 
48, 288; with Spain and America, 9, 1x5, 11, 107, 19, 1x9, a6, 270, 37, xoo; pro- 
tected by Phil, colony, 109, no, 30, 37, 46, 49; various mention, 4, 226, II, xo8, 

17, 144, 149, 176, 18, 90 (Eng. in), 141, 142, 222, 223, 19, 59, "8, X40, 141, 278, 
279, 303, 304, ao, 60, 33, 42. Cinnamon, extent and value, 45, 66, 71, 80-86, 47, 
a6i, 27X, 273, 277; profits, 43, 67, 73, 74, 81, 82, 47, 264, 266; its importance urged, 
262, 264-270, 273-284; various mention, 3, 192, 193, 4, 93, 22, xx6, 34, 209, 2x6, 
220, 47, 260-263. Pepper, 3, 3X4, **, 3*9, *7, 107, 45, 74 (profits), 76 (amt), 47, 
277. Ginger, 34, 199- 

Silk and silken fabrics: kinds of these goods, as, 49 (see under Textiles) ; exported 
from Spain, a, 1x7, 18, 60 (see above, trade of Spain) ; native product, of N. 
Espafia, 30, 71, 72; product and export of China (see also under Chinese), 3, 167, 
276, 270, 299, 4, 58, 5, 337, 7, 32X, 8, 85, 90, 237, 273, 10, X79, ia, 64 (in Peru), 

18, 60, 108, 39, 31, 51, 8x, 302; profits, ia, x88, 16, 176, 19, 304-306; Chin, market 
for, at Manila, 7, 33-35, 220, 39, 123 (see also Parian, and Alcaiceria) ; depend- 
ence of Phil, colony on this trade, 18, 60, 64, 44, 274-276, 281, 45, 52, 62, 75; 
economic reasons for its suppression in Spain and colonies, 22, 279-286 ; controversy 
between AndalucSa and Manila over it,. 44, 286-291, 296-302, 307-309, 45, 29-88; 
confiscated silks, why burned, 4a, 255; various mention, I, 62, 63, 66, 69, a, 227, 
3, 57, 204, 214, 6, X50, 217, 269, 3x1, 10, 84, X93, II, 110112, ia, 50, 56, 64, X91, 
15, 356, 293, 303, 305, 310, 16, X83, 223, 234, 236, 296, 17, 1x9, X37, 146, 180, x8x, 
251, 18, 60, 67, 70, 73, 73, 75, 162, 163, X95, 201, 2x9, 19, 27, 69, X98, 275, 304, ao, 
39, 33, 130, 131, *a, 8tf, 97, 100, 126, 169-17X, 189, 215, 270, 281, 318, a3, X93, 35, 
52, i2x, a6, 268, 288, 37, 95, 198, 39, 82, 86, 306, 30, 75, 31, X84, 34, 190, 39, 3<», 
4a, xi8, 150, 43, X69, 44, 269-271, 305, 306, 45, 44, 62-65, 69, 77, 79, 49, 58, 3", 
51, 154. See also above, trade of Espafia, N. Espana, China, and Manila- Acapulco; 
and gen. caption Decrees. 

Other commodities: abaci, 3, 303 (see under Fibers, and Textiles); betel, 51, 
X50; blankets, 3, 207, 33, 279, 280, 37, 177, 44, 367, 287, 302, 48, 88; boxes, 3, 
226, 10, 193, 17, 180, 183 (japanned; cf. 39, 302), 39, 306; cacao, 51, 139; cloth 
(see under Textiles) ; clothing, etc., 1, 299, 3, 142 (shawls), 191, 207, 6, X50, 287, 
302, 7, 161, 8, 82, 13, 192 (shoes; also 14, »33), **, 180, 19, 3x1 (cloaks), 33, 
4x, 263, 34, 55, 37, 343, 39, 302, 44, 368 (ready-made garments) ; cochineal, 45, 71, 
48, 375, 307, 51, 154; cotton and its fabrics, 5, 45, 8, 94, 13, 60, 18, 141 (see 
under Fibers, and Textiles) ; drugs (see also below opium), 18, 222, 223, 19, 59, 
xx8, 140, 141, 34, 220, 36, 72, 45, 71 (incl. dye stuffs) ; fancy articles and curios, 1, 
68, 13, 50, 15, 303, 16, 180, 183-185, 39, 307; articles of food, 5, 3ii, 7, 34, 8, 286, 
ao, 237, ai, 308, 34, 205, 39, 306, 43, 169 (see also Provisions) ; fruits, 1, 68, 3, 
376, 299, 4, 324, 6, 50, 140, 7, 34, 35, 33i, 13, 191, 33, 385, 39, 306, 34, 3«7, 36, 
202, 47, 267, 268, 282; gems, precious stones, and jewels, 6, 217, II, $7, 16, 180, 184, 



238 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Commerce 

Commerce and Trade (continued) — 

17, i39 t 18, 107, 108, 19, 315, ao, 218, 37, 88, 95, 97, 176, 39, 306, 307 (paste), 
36, 202; agate, 33, 144, 37, 95; amethyst, 95; chrysolite, 95; coral, a, 191, 194, 

16, 228; crystal, 179; diamond, 184, 185, 19, 289, 315, 35, 49; carnelian, 16, 180; 
emerald, 185; garnet, 37, 95; jacinth, 95; pearl, a, 141, 4, 50, 13, 192, 16, 179, 

17, 129, 19, 315, *o, 2x8, 37, 198, 29, 307, 3*. 187, 190, 34, 216, 41, *9St 43, 169, 
172, 44, 302; ruby, 16, 179, 184, x86, 19, 290, 35, 49, *7, 95, 30, 79, 36, 20a ; sapph- 
ire, 16, 179, 184, 186; topaz, 184; turquoise, 37, 95; hardware, ia, 30, 13, 227, 16, 
179, 202, 39, 62, 39, 109, 51, 154; bides, etc^ 8, 79, 82, 90, io, 75, 84, ia, 188, 13. 
227, 15, 256, **, 104, 184, 281, 18, 99, 33, 97, 3a, 125, 47, 257, 51, i4it «4»; 
houses, 16, 128, 40, 360; ivory, 10, 269, 270, 15, 80, 16, 177, 179, 184, 186, 228, 
x 9» 312, 315, 33, 193, 39, 78, 306, 35, 129, 36, 202. Live stock and fowls, buffaloes 
(carabos), 3, 57, **, 102, x8o; cattle, 128, 19, 159, *52, *o, *79, *3, 279, 31, 56, 51, 
32; fowls, 1, 68, 4, 54 (told by weight), 224, 225, 6, 139, 140, 7, **7» *o, 75. *96, 
305, 16, xo6 128, 179, *«, 302, 303, M, 155, 15*, 33, 41; goats, 13, "9, 33, 15& 
35, 86, 38, 68, 39, 97. *o8, 109; horses, 6, 270, 302, 304, 13, "9, **, »*o» 19, 8*5. 
38, 68, 39, 97; mules, 16, 180; swine (hogs, and pigs), 3, 57, M, Soa, **, »«, 
xo6, 33, 279, 33, 153, 35, 86, 39, 97, 108, 109. Lumber, 33, 247, 43, 169, 47, *7*» 
383, 48, 278. Metals (g. v., under gen. caption), 4, 99; mercury, 17, 149, 237, 238, 

18, 156, 45, 70; copper, 71; iron, 14, 257; gold and silver, 1, 62, 45, 7», 49, *7- 
Oils (cocoa, olive, etc.), 3, 85, 190, 6, 50, 149, 10, 296, 19, 3x7, 36, 281, 39, 3x1, 
35, 86, 38, 68, 39, 97, 47, 282; opium, 43, 154, 51, 3*, 53, 54, *5i-*53 (forced on 
China, 157-159, 251). Porcelain, glass, etc, porcelain, a, 116, 142, 207, 225, 239, 3, 57, 
103, 226, 269, 270, 276, 6, 280, 10, 193, 37, 95, *9, 307, 33* 354, 34, 187, 189, W 
45, 35, 39, 40; chinaware, 15, 303, 16, 223, 228, 234, 43, 169; earthen jars and pot- 
tery, 3, 103, 176, 245, 5, 121, 16, 180, 185, 31, 309, 33, 144, 34, 189, 40, 4*; g1«* 
and glassware, 3, 191, 16, 184, 34, 187, 43, 169. Slaves (see also Slavery, and 
Slaves), 1, 70, 3, 288, 6, 193, 261, 19, 264, 40, 158, 300, 301. Stone, 10, 269. Sugar, 

19, 285, 51, 152, 153, 247. Tobacco, 17, 334, 30, 53. Wax, 36, 270, 39, 22, 31, 
47, 291. Wines and liquors, 13, 189, 18, 184, 185, 47, 282 (caldos), 51, 227, 228. 
Miscellaneous, bezoar, 37, 95, 39, 306, 37, 47; civet-cats, 16, 105, 184, 236; play- 
ing-cards, 33, 41, 295, 38, 42; various articles, 7, x6x, 13, 192, 16, 103, 202, 19, 
316, 34, 55, X2i, X25, 165, 166, 51, 144 (sulphur). See also Prices. 

Miscellaneous — 

Concessions and licenses to trade: granted to colonies (see above, trade of Amer. 
colonies) ; to merchants, for foreign trade, 1, 282, 283, 3, 26, 27, 8, 190-193, 9, 236, 
10, 265, ia, 64, 67, 14, 249, 34, 214 (chap a, or passport, from Jap. ruler), 31, 225, 
43, 235, 50, 203; to Chin, in Phil., 49, 144, 50, 200, 201, 203, 2x1, 212. 

Illegal and contraband trade: laws and ordinances, disobeyed, 10, 296-298, 13, 
256-263, 13, 257, 258, 261, 17, 29, 34, 30, 53-56, 60-62, 74-80, 102-107; illegal com- 
merce, 6, 26, 263, 307, 308, 10, 265, 266, 11, 276, 277, I*, 47, 5i, 13, 257, 258, 17, 

34, 89-9I, 98, IO5, 119, X22, 141, X69, 30, 62, 129, l6l, 162, 33, 69, 173, 28o, 34, 2XX, 

212, 35, 29, 30, 33, «6, X36-138, 153, 288, 37, 167-176, 205, 206, 38, 76, 297, 39, 7X, 
77, in, 143, 34, 400, 401, 37, 42, 39, 85, 146, 3d, 302, 40, 26, 41, 34, 4*, «94, 236, 
279, 44, 150, 172, 233, 304, 45, 51, 63, 68, 46, 31, 47, 232-235, 240, 48, «59, 3*3" 
327; official corruption, 10, 94, 95, 11, 92, 93, 271, 19, X41, 142, 37, 23, 51, 149, *5<>; 
contraband (smuggling), 3, 25, 26, 137, X39, 11, 57, 93, 107, X14, 27X, 13, 47, 50, 
67-69, 13, 257, 261, 266, 315, ao, 218, 33, 280, 281, 34, 2ix, 255, 291-293, 35, 29, 
*7, 171, 30, 74-80, 38, 269, 280, 43, 154, 44, 236, 45, 40, 64, 4*, 295, 3", 32X, 322, 
49, 3", SO, 54, 55, 153, 51, 37, 38, 54, 55, 8x, X22, X45, X46, 153, 225, 227, 235, 251, 



Concubinage] index 239 

257; procedure in court rdg., 35, 33; reward of informer, 8, 3x7, 35, 33, 37, 341; 
contraband goods sent to Spain, 17, 34, 35, 3a, 37, 16* (how applied, 39, X62, 44, 
255) ; frauds, II, 70, 13, 46, 47, 14, 3*5, **, *9*, 3*3, 43, 3<>3, 44, 93, 50, 185, 
200; how punished (see Penalties). 

Various topics', duties and imposts (see under Revenue and exchequer); freight 
charges, 5, 29 (see under Transportation). Rebates on import duties, injurious, 51, 
232; competition, 35, 121, 122; credit, 1x7, 135-138; boycott, 22, 250; embargo on 
mdse., 44, 150, 15 1, 47, 74; rate of commission on sales, 45, 74; rate of premiums 
on obras pias by various routes of com., 28, 298; money in, 7, 154, 51, 235 (see 
Money) ; comml. school opened at Manila (1840), 71; trademarks (Chin, "chop"), 
44, 267; sales by auction (see Auctions) ; various mention, 51, 157, 265, 53, 322. 

Commonwealths: free, in Italy, 8, 200. 

Comne, Joan: Dutch merchant, 14, 1x3. 

Compao: Moro dato, 43, 203. 

Compor (dist in Mindanao) : cinnamon found in, 34, 285. 

Compostela (vill. in Cebu) : status (1878), 28, 324. 

Compostella (Spain) : noted shrine at, I, 145. 

Comyn Tomas (Span, official in Phil, and author) : factor of Compafiia de Filipinas 
at Manila, 1, 41, 54, 51, 90; estimates of, 1. 41. See also Books. 

Conbaco (Conbacondo, Conbacondon) : 9, 23, 25, 10, 171. See Kuwambaku. 

Combaya: 4, 222. See Cambaya, not Camboja. 

Conce (city in China) : identified, 3, 4X. 

Conceonau (city in China) : location, 3, 327. 

Concepcion : dist. of Panay, 33, 164 ; in see of Jaro, 38, 279. 

Concepcion, Alonso de la, (Rec) : joins Phil, miss., 41, 202; elected definitor, 136. 

Concepcion (Concepcion) Bernardino de la (Rec) : his family name, 41, 123; carries 
news of revolt to Manila, xx, 65, 77 ; loyal chiefs accompany, xx, 12, 68 ; acts as chap- 
lain, 78, 81, 83; sketch, 123. 

Concepcion, Bias (Bias) de la (Rec.) : labors in Naujan (Mindoro), 38, 3x5; elected 
discreet, 41, 204. 

Concepcion, Fernando Antonio de la (Rec) : joins Phil, miss., 41, 201. 

Concepci6n, Francisco de la, O.S.F.: at Manila, 43, 2x7. 

Concepcion, Ildefonso (Ildephonso) de (Rec) : labors in Masbate, 41, 225, 226, 247, 
248. 

Concepci6n (Concepcion), Juan de la (Rec) : a zealous worker, 41, 204; sketch, 201; 
translates bible, 1, 79; facsimile signature, 45, 193. See also Books. 

Concepci6n, Juana de la (Poor Clare) : goes to Macao, 35, 298. 

Concepcion, Manuel de la (Rec, lay-brother) : joins Phil, miss., 41, 203. 

Concepcion, Margarita de la (Poor Clare) : goes to Macao, 35, 298. 

Concepcion, Miguel de la (Rec.) : accompanies Corcuera to Jolo\ 31, 164; Mor. cap- 
ture, 36, 139- 

Concepcion, Pedro de la, O.S.F.: his miss, labors, 35, 307, 3x7. 

Concha, Alf.— - (Span, officer) : death, 38, 6x. 

Concha, Jos* de la (Span, minister): his efforts for education, 46, 15; official act, 
79, 86. 

Conciliabulo: defined, 43, 109. 

Concordia, La (vill. in Phil.) : school estab. in, 46, 242. 

Concubinage and concubines: origin (in Visayan legend), 5, 125; among natives 
of Phil., 13, 62, x6x, 16, 125, 127, 129, 31, 229, 300; punished by natives of Luzon, 
5, 187; Fil. live in, because of high marriage fees, 7, 3x7; slave women as, 18, 



240 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Concubinage 

Concubinage and Concubines (continued) — 
324; accompany Sultan of J0I6, 47, 045, 250; among told., 4, 107; among tailors, 
18, 301; frequent in Phil., 10, 93; preachers accused of, 3©, 167; many friars 
guilty of, 53, 50; religious restrain, 246. 

Conde, Capt — : ale-may. of Tayibas, 39, 191. 

Conde, Antonio Diaz. See Diaz Conde. 

Conestabile (Constable), Paolo, O.P. (master-gen.): gives permission for Phil, miss^ 
5, 200, 201; death, 201. 

Confalonier, Juan Pedro, S.J.: labors in San Mateo, 44, 1x7. 

Confraternities and Brotherhoods; and Sodalities — 

In general: founded by friars, 7, 223, 10, 76, 50, 320; visitation of, 31, 57, 
76, 36, 151; march in procession, 30; their services during epidemic, 43, 269; con- 
tribute to support of coll.-sem., 45, 223; Misercordia aids, 47, 49; privileged, 
own obras pias f 208, 51, 148; interest from their funds, paid to rel n 50, 89; 
neglected, 132; among FiL, 1, 45, 11, 14, 197, 198, 13, 21, 13, 9> i6> <5*; for girls 
and women, 11, 201, 204; in Jes. miss., 11, 14, 197, 198, 201, 13, 37, 38, 71, 132, 
191, 197; in Manila, 30, 20, 240-242; in Cebti, 31, 288; among Jap. converts, 32, 
49, 35, 83, 84; their fervor, 17, 56, 64; offerings, 50, 88; dead enrolled in, 88. 
Enumerated by name: St Augustine, 3, 121. Most Holy (Sacred) Name of Jesus 
(Santisimo Nombre de Jesus), 3, 121 ; in Aug. convent, 30, 240, 33, 170; supported 
by alms, 240. Rosary of our Lady (£1 Rosario), founded in Dom. convent 7, 223, 31, 
16, 247, 248; supported by bequests and alms, 30, 241; estab. in Japan (1602), 
33, 70; devotion of, extended (1616), 70; prayers by, 73; estab. in Cavite, 9a 
Anunciata (La) - founded, 13, 125; its membership and observances, 184. Mercy 
(Misericordia), first founded in Lisbon, 16, 142, 30, 241 ; head of all houses founded 
in Spain and Indies, 47, 26; its work exceeded by that of Manila house, 13, 24, 50; 
founded in Manila (1593 or 1594), 16, 142, 30, 241 ; its work, 241, 242; chief charit- 
able agency of Manila, 38, 176; owns farm, xo, 250; estab. in Formosa, 33, 223; 
see also Manila. Blessed Virgin - formation, object, and hist., 45, 101 ; piety of mem- 
bers, 17, 56, 64, 66, 6y, 74, 44, 109-111. Of the Souls (Las Animas), supported by 
income and alms, 30, 24a Nazarenes (Los Nazarinos), founded in Rec convent, 30, 
240, 31, 156; supportd by alms, 30, 240. Most Holy (Blessed) Sacrament (Santi- 
simo Sacramento), estab. in Manila cathedral, 20, 240; supported by income and 
alms, 240; its work, 47, 217, 220. Solitude (La Soledad) of our Lady, estab. in Dom. 
convent, 30, 240 ; supported by alms, 240. Souls in Purgatory - in Manila cathedral, 

30, 240. Transito de nuestra Senora (Transit of our Lady), Rec found, 31, 134; 
procession described, 134. Of the Girdle (Correa) of St. Augustine, Rec. found, 

31, 165, 237; Jap. converts admitted to, 35, 83, 84; native convert admitted to, 
41, 195. Our Lady of Solitude (Nuestra Senora de la Soledad), Rec. estab., 31, 
193; procession of, 193, 194; see also above, Soledad. Most Holy Virgin, Rec 
estab., 31, 237. Our Lady, the Virgin, Rec. estab. at Taytay, 31, 241. Carmel, 
Rec. estab., 31, 286-288; its extension, 288. St Andrew, Aug. estab. (1575), 33, 
225. Holy Escapular, in Rec. convent at Tando, 38, 142 ; same as Carmen (q.v n 
above). Of Jesus, founded in Rec. church, 38, 306. Holy Christ of Burgos, Aug. 
estab. in Manila, 43, 231. San Josl, founded by Apolinario de la Santa Cruz, 53, 
20, 94; its meetings, 47; its suppression, a mistake, 93. See also Congregations. 

Confucius (Congchu, Koshi, Chin, philosopher): Chin, worship, 33, 247. 

Congo (Africa) : negroes from, in Phil., 38, 167. 

Congregations: privileges granted to, 3, 166; among Jes., 35, zoi, 39, 150, 45, 101; 



Contrcras] INDEX 241 

of San Pablo, 35, x6z (see also Dom.) ; charter for Dom. granted, 30, 1x7. See 
alio Confraternities. 

Conmacananan (vill. in Cagayan) : Dom. admin., 38, 274. 

Connulaha: 34, 17a. See Kuwambaku. 

Conpites (a boat [?]) : Borneans use, 4, 195. 

Conquero, Gasper (pilot) : memorial, cited, 30, 133. 

Conquistadors: their ravages in Amer., 1, 36, 69; recompense given to, a, 51; privi- 
lege** 51-53 ; must pay expenses of rel. instruction of natives, 55; land divided 
among, 3, 15a; encomiendas allotted to, 16, 157; offices conferred on, 5, 203; make 
restitution, 7, 241, 24a, 31, 41; merit reward, 9, 138, 139; daughters of, aided by 
Misericordia, 14, 222; poverty of their descendants, 45, 173; few living, 16, 171; 
petition right to buy slaves, 34, 237; abuse natives, 34, 259-261. See also Colonies 
and Colonization; and Encomenderos. 

Conscripts: used in Phil., 9, 244. 

Consolacion (vill. in or near Cebti) : status (1878), 38, 325. 

Conspiracies: among Span, sold., 3, 143, 244, 148-150, 235; by natives, against Span., 
7, 13, 14, 77, 95-ixx, 122-124, 126, 320; betw. Fil. and Borneans, 84; discovered by 
Vera, 84; betw. Fil. and Jap., 9, 40, 48, 49; against Bustamante, 44, 161; Chinese, 
against Span., 49, 147-149, 262-2(4; **1. charged with, 341; curas discover, 53, 
47; against rel. orders, 239, 240; formed against Basco, 47; Ra6n charged with, 
399; Basaraz charged with, 300; against Galvan, 301; among Span.- Amer., 51, 
47; by civil officials, 54; by disaffected, in Manila, 279; caused by ale-may., 223; 
prindpales form, 53, 66; penalty for, 292. See also Insurrections. 

Constable de Ferrara, Pablo, O.P. (gen.) : grants charter for estab. of Dom. province 
in Phil., 30, 227. 

Constantino, Diego, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43, 87. 

Constantinople (capital of Byzantine empire, now of Turkey) : Greeks inhabit, 4, 57 ; 
emperor of, 31, 304. 

Constauza, Dona: Dom. say mass for, 35, 292. 

Consulta: defined, 53, 72. 

Contracts: Carlos I makes with Magalhaes, 1, 27; for exploring exped., 3, 48-56; 
gov. may make, for exped., 6, 287, 9, 249; authorized for exped. of conquest, 7, 
268, 269; for conquest of Mindanao (May 22, 2592), 8, 22, 23, 73-77, 329, 9, 272; 
farmers should make just, with natives, 7, 256, 9, 236; shall be made with Fil. 
hunters, 10, 20; Chris, natives make with heathen, 44, 223; for working iron- 
mines, 50, 92, 207, 208; graft in, 286; notaries forbidden to make, 299; ale-may. 
sign, 232, 233; land, illegal, 242; insecure in Phil., 51, 25, 256; private, more 
economical, 242 ; system of, urged for Phil., 243 ; agric. urged, 53, 43 ; partnership 
(casamajan), 294; loan, declared null and void, 295; facto de recto, made with 
natives, 302. See also Treaties. 

Contreras, Diego de (secular priest): entertains Rec. in Mex., 31, 229, 220, 266; 
praises Rec., 222 ; becomes abp. of Sto. Domingo, 266. 

Contreras, Francisco de, O.P. [?], (sec of Inquisition): reads edicts of Inquis., 37, 
282. 

Contreras, Juan de, S.J.: labors in Otoh (2655), 36, 56; chaplain in Jolo, 41, 220, 
44, 7»t 73 J tries to free Rec. captive, 41, 220, 44, 72, 73. 

Contreras, Juan (Jhoan) Augustin de (Span, notary) : official acts, 3, 328, 329, 3, 
227, 228. 

Contreras, Juan (Joan) Ruiz (Ruis) de. See Ruiz de Contreras. 



242 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [ContrCWS 

Contreras, Capt Luit (Luys) de (Span, official) : clerk of Manila cabildo, II, 150; 

tress., 18, 128 ; his emoluments, 128 ; indebted to roy. exchq^, 36, 173-175. 1 

Contreras, Miguel de (Trin.) : founder of Misericordia, 38, 125, 186. { 

Convents. See Orders, Rel.: convents. 
Conversion and Converts. See Christianity and Christians; and Mahometanism tod 

Mahometans. 

Convicts. See Crimes and criminals. C 

Cookworthy, John (Brit, sailor) : one of Dampier*t associates, 39, 76. [ 

Cooper, Lieut. George F. (Amer.) : superintendent of nautical school, 45, 242. [ 

Coote, Col. — (Brit officer) : Draper commends, 49, 74. 

Copala (Mex. prov.) : Ibarra subjects, 9, 308. L 

Copiap6 (Copayapo, Porto Copiapd, port of Chili) : location, 39, 53. i 

Coppinger, Dr. Herman (surgeon) : one of Dampier's associates, 39, 76; in Manila, 

88, 91 ; attempts to escape, 9a. 
Coqui, Angel, OJ\: assumes name of San Antonino (q.v.), 33, 186; acta as ambit- 

sador, 186; escapes death from Chin, mutineers, 187; assumes Chin, dress, 189; bit 

work in Chin., 189, 19a 
Cor, Jacinto (Rec) : Caragas slay, 24, 176. 
Coral: found in various is., 15, 103, 33, 107, 34, 191, 43, 159; it. built 00, 39, 97; 

in trade and barter, 3, 191, 194, 16, 228; as present, 6, 103; lime made from, 7, 

228, 299; in Magalhies's cargo, 33, 1x7; used as bldg. material, 43, 168. 
Coray. See Korea. 

Corbera, Antonio, O.P.: death, 33, 165. 
Corbera y Mejia, Dr. Diego (Francisco, 37, 362) de (roy. fiscal in Manila) : god 

to Mex., 37, 352; conspires against Salccdo, 263; attends Aud. meeting, 368, 269; 

exile and death, 270^ 271 ; widow remarries, 43, 133. 
Corcuera, Capt Juan Francisco de (nephew of Hurtado de Corcuera): app. ctpt 

36, 32; commands ship, 35, 19*, 35, 44; drowned, 25, 192, 35, 44. 
Corcuera, Capt Juan Manuel (Span, officer) : hit deposition, 37, 53. 
Corcuera, Pedro Hurtado de. See Hurtado de Corcuera. 
Corcuera y Mendoca, Sebastian Hurtado de. See Hurtado de Corcuera. 
[Corcuerade] Francia, Pedro de: death, 25, 192. 

Cord: doublets made from, 31, 229; breast plates and helmets made from, 40, 364. 
Cordage. See Ships: ship furnishings, etc 
Cordero, Andres (pilot) : app., 35, 23a 

Cordero, Capt Miguel de (Span, official) : gives alms to hosp., 47, 168. 
Cordero, Nicolas (archdeacon of cathedral): app. executor of estate, 39, 163; be- 
quest left to, 164. 
Cordoba (vill. in Mactan Is.): pop. (1893), 33, x6x. 
C6rdoba, Diego Fernandez de. See Fernandez de Cordoba. 
C6rdoba, Francisco Javier, O.S.A.: life and labors, 48, 89, 9a 
Cordoba, Juan de (procurator of Manila Aud.) : arrested, 33, 140. 
GSrdoba, Leonor (wife of F. Escano) : arrives in Manila, 43, 1x9. 
Cordoso, Capt. Gaspar (Span, official) : his command, 35, 229. 
Cordova, — : commands trading fleet, 45, 70. 

Cordova, Alonso de, O.P. : arrives in Manila, 43, 28 ; goes to China, 37, 145. 
Cordova, Diego, S.J. (procurator) : petitions Felipe III, 45, 108. 
Cordova, Gonsalvo de (Span, official, £1 Gran Capitan) : sketch, 33, 52. 
Cordova, Joseph de (Span, official) : commands ship, 38, 201. 



Dorralat] index 243 

Cordova, Luis Fernandez de. See Fernandez de Cordova, 

2orea (Coray). See Korea. 

3orena, Miguel de, O.P. See Lorena. 

>orfiotes (natives of Is. of Corfu) : in Magalhaes's fleet, 33, 378. 

3oria (Spain) : its importance, 33, 29a 

3orila, Melchior: acts as witness, 3, 306. 

2ork: bark resembling, in Babuyan Is., 31, 1x5. 

2ornejo, Alonso: acts as witness, 4, 209. 

2ornejo, Jose\ O.S.A.: labors in Pampanga, 38, 2x5. 

2ornexo de Tapia, Beatriz (wife of Juan M. de la Vega) : pension granted to, 33, 244. 

>ornicas, Capt Jose* (Span, officer) : arrives in Manila, 37, 239. 

Cornish (Cornis), Adm. Sir Samuel (commander of Brit naval forces at siege of 
Manila, 1762) : at Malacca, 49, 4s; his flagship, 55; reconnoiters Manila, 46, 47; 
hit complement of men, 81; arranges capitulation of Manila, 52, 53, 68, 71, 77-80; 
Manila surrendered to, 66; send ships in pursuit of "Filipino," 89; Rojo makes 
agreement with, 144; attempts new sack, 249; asks to be relieved, 62; constitution 
impaired, 62; leaves Manila, 162, 241, 247, 251, 3x6; his prize money, 3x9; sketch, 
44; characterized, 247, 250, 251; Draper commends, 69. Letters to Cleveland 
(1762), 49, 13-15. 44-59, 347J letter to Anson (Nov. 1, 1762), 15, 60-64, 347; 
letter to Rojo, cited, xxo, in; issues edict, 163. 

^ornoca, Alonso de: acts as witness, 37, 35. 

2ornuetano, Jeronimo, O.S.A.: presides over chapter, 39, 272. 

Zoto, Padre— (Grand Inquis. in Phil.): loved by people, 51, 118. 

Korean (vill. in Mindanao) : pop. and trib., 38, 95, 36, 60; Jes. in., 38, 95, 36, 57, 6a 

2orocoan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4» 283. 

2oromandel Coast (strip of land along £. portion of India, now belonging to Gt 
Brit.): location, 33, 333, 43, 152; maps of, 43, 153; products, mfres., and exports, 
*7, 96, 97, 43, 155, 50, 48; natives of, in Manila, 44, 29; Port spoken in, 50, 171; 
rel. toleration in, 43, 15, 153; smallpox in, 234; Dutch purpose to drive Port from, 
15, 320; trade with Manila, 38, 202, 37, 276, 4*, «7, *5*» '74, **<>, 47, 257, 
50, 154; European factories in, 43, 153. See also Malabar*. 

2oronado, Domingo, OP.: arrives in Manila, 37, 85. 

^oronado, Capt Lorenzo (Span, officer) : in Pangasinan campaign, 38, x68, 171. 

?oronado, Capt Nicolas (Span, officer) : constructs and commands Arayat fort, 38, 
148, 161, 165. 

2oronel, Alonso, O.S.A.: elected provincial, 37, 15, 222; term as prcVl ends, 236; 
assists Villanueva, 254; death, 258, 259; sketch, 222, 258, 259. 

}oronel, Francisco, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 34, 127; candidate for prov*l, 158. 

^oronel, Gabriel (chaplain) : expelled Carmelite, 37, 47; his corrupt acts in Manila, 

47-49. 
2orosan, Monica (Zambal chieftainess) : commits adultery, 47, 3x8, 3x9 ; divorced 

and remarried, 319. 
Corral, — (sec. priest) : Mor. capture, 15, 266. 
Corral (Corrales), Ambrosio del: acts as witness, 18, 148, 272. 
Corral (Coral), Licen. Herver del (Span, official): takes residencia of officials, ft, 

356, 15, 66; engages in trade, 8, 256. 
3orralat (Cora I at, Kudarat, Qudrat), Cachil (Moro chief in Mindanao): succeeds 

Buysan, 39, 95, 40, 109, 120; natural ruler of Mindanao, 33, 1x7; usurps rule, 

37, 292; a Mahometan, 31, 234, 35, 154, 41, 322; his kasis killed, 37, 284; his 



244 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Corralat 

COSJLALAT, CACHIL (continued) — 

government, 40, 154-158; hat jurisd. over L. of Malanao, 39, 275; boundary of 
hit kingdom, 36, 57; capital and chief vill., 37, 263, 264, 321, 338, 348, 351, 

38, 98, 39, 123-125, 145; score- and treas.-houses, 37, 225, 285, 290, 324; hit house 
and vill. captured and burned, 37, 271, 272, 275, 338, 39, 123-125; his house 
used as barracks, . 37, 287; his tress, pillaged, 290, 324; flags captured, 332; 
weapons captured, 338 ; builds new vill., 39, 48 ; his vassals pay trib. to, 31, 234, 

39, 48 ; vassals in Tabuca, 37, 327 ; Malanaos, vassals to, 35 ; 97 ; threatens them, 
105; Lutaos subject to, 40, 124; Lutaos reverence, 41, 321; Span, conquer his 
vassals, 39, 29, 30, 35, xoi ; orders execution of native, 37, 226 ; tyrannizes over 
natives, 299; Moncay hostile to, 296, 325, 39, 48; requests aid of Mor. 48; Mor. 
*id> 9 8 » 99, xi8; Caragas aid, 158, 161; incites Mor., 35, 10, 12, 6a, 78, 79, 107, 
108; makes alliance with Joloans, 88; Mor. reverence, 41, 322; no. of his forces 
and ships, 39, 163, 35, 6*> 96, 41, 304; hostile to Span, and native Christians, 31, 
*34, 335t *5, X54i *7, a, 5> 3**. 34*. 29, 95i xoo, 117, n8, 163, 199, 273, 35, 10 
to, 94-9*» 40, X24, 41, 28, 29, xi2, 296, 300-304, 308, 320, 47. 99'. retains Span, 
artillery, 33, 118; head of rel. presented to, 35, 154; various Span, exped. against, 
37, 257, 265-305, 322-325, a *, 4«. XX9-X33, 374* 35, xo, 98, 183, 37, I9*» 4*, *** 
296, 299, 303-309; his destitution, 37, 226; desires to surrender, 268; his disguise 
and retreat, 163, 268, 286, 323, 324, 39, 48, 125, 130, 158, 35, 96; wounded, 37, 
268, 286, 3*4» 355J Span, free his captives, 331, 337, 355, 39, 28, X30; seeks Span. 
aid, 33, 117, zi8, 41, 298; Span, children imitate, 37, 339, 340; reward offered 
for his capture, 355; feared by Span., 39, 144; Gutierrez's embassy to, 145; at 
peace with and loyal to Span., 145, 36, 222, 37, x6o, 41, 29, 297, 298, 299, 302, 
312, 322; makes impertinent demands, 39, 247, 148; fears Span., 248, 41, 302; 
Span, build fort in his country, 39, 158; acts as mediator, 41, xo8; seeks Dutch 
aid, 41, 302; death, 37, 377; age, 41, 321; sacrilegious, 37, 285, 287; influential, 
355; treacherous, 39, 95, 44, 99; thought to have supernatural powers, 40, 138, 
41, 322; civilizes his country, 40, 134; jealous for Mahometanism, 134, 41, 322; 
courageous, intelligent, and sagacious, 322; compared to Attila and Gustavm 
Adolphus, 112; his mother incites revolt, 40, 128; his wife friendly to Chri&, 27, 
286; she suicides, 286, 324, 355, 39, 130; his sons die young, 39, 33; grandson 
killed, 37, 267; succeeded by grandson, 41, 3x6, 53, 349; great-grandson, fights 
for throne, 46, 45 ; names of his wife and children, 46. 

Corrals: used in fishing, 43, 273. 

Correa, Francisco: acts as witness, 35, 266. 

Correa, Jhoan: acts as witness, 36, 304. 

Correa, Dr. Jose" (Joseph) : acts as associate judge, 44, X55; leaves legacy to Miseri- 
cord i a, 47, 73, 179. 

Correa Melchor: acts as witness, 3, 3x0. 

Correa de Arubia (Atubia), Pedro (seigneur of Velas, member of Port Council): 
negotiates treaty, 1, 159; his officials, 164. 

Corrilla, Francisco Gutierrez. See Gutierrez Corrilla. 

Corrilla y Santander, Joan Goncales. See Goncales Corrilla y Santander. 

Corrionero, Juan Martinez. See Martinez Corrionero. 

Corte: signification of term, 7, 107. 

Corte y Ruano Calderon, Felipe de la: gov. of Marianas, 53, 336. See also 53. 

Corteberria, Juan de (overseer) : natives oppressed by, 38, 142, 143. 

Cortero, Fray Mariano (bp. of Jaro) : founds girls' school, 45, 311. 

Cortes, Bernabe: acts as witness, 4, 280, 281. 



CotCOt] INDEX 245 

Cortes, Adm. Diego (Span, official ): takes refuge in Aug. convent, 37, 54; accom- 
panies Lara, 38, 145. 

Cortes, Capt Francisco (Span, official) : boatswain on "Santa Rota," 4a, 226. 

Cortes (Cortes), Hernando (Hernan), Marquis del Valle del Oaxaca (conqueror 
of Mexico) : colonizes N. Espafia, 3, 28 ; despatches exploring exped., 12, 31, 36, 
38, 50, 3, 127, 129, 16, 241; rewards Alvarado, 3, 48; ennobled, 50; desires to con- 
quer Western Is., 50; found Vera Cruz, 14, 100; promotes silk industry in Mex., 
30, 71; associated with Aud., 51, 219; sketch, 3, 31, 30; Juan Salcedo compared 
to, 3, 73; letter to king of Cebu, 3, 36, 39-41. 

Cortes, Gen. Juan Antonio (Span, official): his devotion, 44, 1x7; aids in bldg. 
church, xx 8. 

Cortes, Juan Gutierrez. See Gutierrez Cortes. 

Cortet de Visiers, Guillermo (Thomas de Sancto Domingo -his rel. name), O.P. 
(French): arrives at Manila, 35, 26; arrested, 32, 286; sketch (a martyr), 289- 
*9«t 35, a6, 27. 

Cortez Monrroy, Nicolis (encom.) : his grant, 47, 141. 

Cortil, Jose\ S.J.: slain by Palaos natives, 53, 349. 

Corujedo, Josf, O.S.A.: formerly proVl, 45, 309; directs Santa Rosa school, 309. 

Corunna (Corufia, Span, port): advantages of, for India trade, 3, 25, 26; trading- 
fleet despatched from, 26, 28. 

Corufia, Agustin de, O.S.A.: miss, to Mex^ 34, 423. 

Corufia, Conde de. See Juarez de Mendoza, Lorenzo. 

Corvan, Toribio Gomez de. See Gomez de Corvan. 

Coaar, Capt Baltasar (Span, officer) : opposes Brit., 49, 84. 

Cosio, Juan Antonio (fiscal at Manila and sec'y to Ra6n) : Anda prosecutes, 50, 296; 
draws up false statement, 298, 299; charged with conspiracy, 299; imprisoned at 
Ft Santiago, 301; sent to Spain, 301; banished, 299, 53, 344; judgment given in 
favor of, 46. 

Cosio, Pedro Diaz del. See Diaz del Cosio. 

Cosfo y Campo, Toribio (Thoribio) Jose" (Joseph) Miguel de, marques de Torre 
Campo (gov. of Phil., 1721-29): assumes office, 44, 160; founds hosp., 28, 145; 
suit held before, 44, 162; consulted, 200; sends goods to Acapulco, 45, 35; exped. 
against Mor., 46, 37; official acts, 44, 203, 264, 270, 275, 46, 31; looks with dis- 
favor on change of steelyards, 47, 189; commends Rec, 41, 221, 222, 246; mem- 
ber of Misericordia, 47, 28; obtains loan from id^ 46, 47; honors id. f 72; sends 
miss's to Ituy, 48, 77; his successors, 46, 44, 47, 233; roy. instructions to, 46, 32; 
sketch, 17, «95. 

Cosmetics: used by Turks, 19, 280. 

Costa, Alvaro da (Port ambassador) : letter to Manoel, cited, 1, 234* 

Costa (Cota, Cotta), Simon, S.J.: embassy to Rome, 37, 22, 30, 328; letters to, 19, 
35, 37, 3*8. 

Cottales, Eugenio, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 299. 

Costre, — : Dutch seaman, 14, 1x3, 1x4. 

Cotabato (Cottabato, prov. and vill. in Mindanao): location, 37, 2x7, 267; Mag- 
indanao near, 46, 48; map of, cited, 44, 65; inhab. of, 40, 103, 43, »755 pop., 46, 
48; coffee cultivated in, 224; no. of schools in (1892), 46, xox; Moro exchange 
in, 53, 351 ; Jes. admin., 38, 343. 

Cotay (vill. in Samar) : trib. in, 17, 205. 

Cotcot (Cot-cot, vill. in Cebu): location, 38, 150, 151, 33, 337; burned by Port, 3, 
306, 307; transferred to Jes., 38, 150, X51. 



246 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cotclo 

Cotelo de Morales, Pedro (cousin of A. de Morga's wife) : arrive* in Manila, 11, 
240; dissipated, 240;* his apptmt, 140, 241; in Pintados, 240, 242; hit cowardice. 
See also Sotelo de Morales. 

Cotoan, Pedro: death, 38, 62. 

Coto-Intang (Moro fortified post) : location, 46, 47. 

Gotten. See Kue-sing. 

Cotsford, Maj. — (Brit officer) : Draper commends, 49, 70, 74; prevents burning of 
Manila suburbs, 86. 

Cottigllo, Gen. Andres (Span, official) : brings reinforcements to Phil, 29, 72. 

Cottman, Lieut-Corn. V.S. (Amer. officer) : superintendent of Manila nautical school, 
43, 342. 

Coulio (part of Malabar coast) : becomes a kingdom, 33, 331. 

Councils — 

In general: Amer. city, 3, 173; mil* 4, 205-208, 9, 13, 122-136, 199, 10, 46, 
47, II, 125, 127, 136, 138, 147* 34a, ", ", 30-3*, 3*, 40-4*, 14, 7*t 73, »36, "73, 
179-181, 274, 275, 277, 3x6, 317, 16, 282, 303, 17, 147, 19, "9, 30, 97, 33, 38, 
*3, 4*, 97, *7, «54, 348, *9, 88, 34, 375-377, 35, 185, 314, 3*, 119, **o, aax, 258, 
259, 38, 186, 187, 191, 193, 41, «6, 48, 231, 49, 1*4, «o6, 353, 299, 300, 5*, 36,37; 
municipal, of Arevalo and Cebu, 7, 43; G. Perez Dasmarifias summons, 8, 257; 
Jap., 262; bulls published without knowledge of, 10, 80; Benavides writes to (of 
Indies?), 197, 200; letters sent to (of state?), 14, 30; trade discussed at, 216; of 
pilots, 18, 279, 280, 36, 280; of the estates, so, 97; of treat, officials, 95, 53; of 
lawyers, 269, 295; Tavora calls, 34, 206; Corcuera calls, 37, 24; rdg. slavery, 34, 
335-331; Lara calls, 36, 220, 221; Joloan, 43, 151; Batavian writes to Manila 
Aud., 47, 230; rdg. increase of trib., 48, 236; Rojo calls, 49, 129, 215-317, 236, 
234-236, 242; Brit, 252, 299, 300; called to consider massacre of foreigners (1820), 
51, 43, 43; »n Liga Filipina, 5*, 317, 218. 

EccUsiastics: proposed by Chas. VI. of France, 1, 169; of various kinds held at 
various times, and considerations rdg., 3, 166, 8, 170, 172, 279, 13, 133-135, 249, 
14, 230, 30, 12, X3, 76, 77, 88, 89, «, 42, 43, 77, 103, 33, 62, 35, 73, 3io, 314-217, 
*6, 38, 40, 43, 91, 94, *o2, 48, 180, 30, 4«, 43, 317-333, 334, 51, 313, 313; Agde, 
when held, 48, in; Trent, 3, 166, 8, 52, 35, 226, 34, 425, 53, 168; Vatican, 51, 
3x6; Vienne, 35, 206. 

Various government councils: Royal, of the Indies (Consejo Supremo de India*, 
Yndias ; Span. Council entrusted with care of Indies) - 3, 32, 327, 3, 88, 282, 4, 
141, 145, 305, 5, 198, 6, 46, 252, 317, 7, 29, 208, 250, 2*4, 10, 189, 280, 313, 314, 
316, 13, 347-249, 357, 258, 303, 3x1, 14, 81, 16, 217, 30, 75, 249, 257, 261* 302, 31, 
ax, 26, 32, 36, 38, 71, 78, 88, 96, 10X-X03, 105, 106, 113, 116, xi7, 292, 33, 17, 43-45, 
47, 73, 84, «3-«5, 146, 149, 16X-163, l6 5, **7, 345, 374, 375, 288, 289, 292, 33, xi, 
24, 28, 29, 41, 43, 44-46, 50, 57-59, 6x, 73, 77, 8i, 103, X15, 1x6, 178, 34, 53, 183-185, 
X92, 194-196, 3ix, 2X2, 221-223, 226, 227, 357, 3<>x, 305, 3*6, *3, *3» 39-45, 98, 99, 
xox, 103, X30-132, 137, «43, X45, X47, x62, 191, 212, 269, 295, 3x4, 36, 19, 36, 125- 
X27, X29, 135-137, 143, X52, 2x6, 263, 264, 297, 37, 15, 30, 34, 36, 46-48, 50, 227, 
228, 230, 23X, 233, 246, 247, 249, 252, 300, 305, 360, 362, 38, sx, S3, 73, 75, 
84, xxx, 120, X32, 134, 230, 39, 36, 54, 60, 66, 75, 76, X03, X05, X07, X09-XXX, xxs, 
1x4, 175, 176, X79, 180, X81-184, 186, X89, X9X-X93, 260, 30, 1x9, 158, 31, 32o, 22a, 
224, 225, 33, 253, 254, 277, 279, 395, 34, 3X, 208, 238, 253, 273, 4*4, 440, 35, 30. 
33, 34, 53, 55, 57, 83, X25-X27, X63, X69, 173, 190, »97, 3ox, 2x0, 2x6, 276, 295, 36, xi, 
65-67, 73, 8x, 84, XX9, X20, X5i, 154, X55, X57, 37, «4» 33, 73, xxo, X75, X77, 18a, 196, 
200, 207, 2x5, 272, 295, 38, 78, 79, 83, 3X5, 39, 137, 393, 40, X73, 41, 22X, 246, 255, 



Councils] INDEX 247 

43, 33, 91, 98, 99. "4. «*, »*», »77, *33, **h *4»» *5*» *7*t 44, 105, 160, 214, 2x5, 
45, ioS-ixi, xi8, 120, 126, 146, 147, 149, *5«. «*5, «*9, *», 2x8, aax, 25a, 379, 46, 
3a, 47, 157, 5 J, 30a, 33a, 341 ; officers and members of, 1, 223, 6, 66 t 14, 370, 43, 
*37» 44> 198, 45, 56 ; has jurisdiction over India House of Trade, 53, 325 ; its duties 
and functions, 7, 387, 8, 306, 17, 18a, ao, x86, 35, «4» 3*. 33. 35, *7, *4«, 37. *«, 
51, 146; ignorant of needs of Phil., 6, 16, 17; replies of, long in reaching Phil., 
187; difficult to secure hearing before, 14, 93; letters from Phil, ignored, 18, 161; 
its efforts for education ineffective, 46, 320; upholds erroneous principles, 52, 3a; 
abolished (1813 and 1834), 51, 28a, 393; hist, and influence, 53, 3a; Aud. obliged 
to report to, 5, a88, 393, 294, 399 ; reports, letters, etc, sent to, a, 233, 3, 2x9, 278, 
304, 31a, 4, "5. "*, 132, X34, 146, 147, 5, 207-209, 288, 294, 297, 6, 74, 7, xo, 63, 
95, XX9, 204, 246, 8, 79, 275, *7*, 310, 9, no, 143, 10, 198, 203, 13, X3, 13, 229, 14, 
173, 179-181, x86, 192, 193, 16, X93, X94, **5, *7, 10, 33, 35, 174, X78, 18, x8, xxa, 
161, 194-203, 19, I3t 9«, *3«, *39, I4«i «*7, ***, *93, *4», *79, *0, I9«, 4*, *93, 

44, 2x4, 47, 17, 230-242, 249, 50, 14, 2x6; cases referred to, and appeals to, 
0, 276, 377, a«o, 285, 290, 299, 314, 6, 42, 77-80, 36, 75, 76, 7*. 80, 84, 266, 37. 
19X, 233, 38, 74, 8a, 39, 170, 208, 220, 223, 224, 41, i*8, «*9, *55-»57, **7* 4*> 
142, 44, 150; discusses trade questions, and measures thereon, I, 66, 6, 379-384, 

18, X53, 30, 33, 44, 33*, *37, 340, asa, 353, 357, 261-363, 365, 375, 386, 39X, 299, 
302, 306, 3x0, 45, 4«, 54-57, *3, *7, *9, 75, *5, *7, 88; investigate seizure of "Trin- 
idad," I, 370; rdg. ships and reinforcements, 3, 130, 19, 14, 35, 36, 20, xa; con- 
firms and issues decrees, 3, 251, 9, 156-159, 18, 13, 1x4, 115, 193, 33, 45, 39, x6x, 
41, 261; rewards granted by, 3, 304, 305; founds Manila AucL, 6, 54; miss's sent 
by, 126; its orders and deliberations rdg. miss's, 10, x6, 14, 19, 97, 3x8-334, 336; 
grants money to Salazar, 7, 307; restricts church bldg, 19, x6; investigate Dom.- 
Jes. quarrel over educational institutions, 36, 77 ; decision on Pardo case, 39, 268, 
377, a83, 42, 142; approve action of Benavente, O.S.A., 393; favors episcopal visit, 
44, 146; approve papal bull, 45, 349; deliberates rdg. Enriquez's settlement of 
friars' land-titles, 48, 30, 34; decides that agents are not liable for return of pro- 
ceeds from investments of obras pias t 140; orders extinction of beaterio of Sta. 
Catalina, 157; writ issued by, 8, 306; advise king, 3x5, 3x6, 14, 2x4, 338, 19, x6, 
36, 37 ; confers on trib., 9, 337 ; discusses and takes meas. on Phil, matters, 14, 17, 

19, *5, H5-H7, «55-i57, 30, 8a, 91, 96, xox; way-station discussed by, 14, 374, 
277; discusses native land in Quiapo, 17, 15a; censures and punishes Phil, officials, 
17, 394, 19, X3, 15, 93, 37, 17, *79, 4*, *3», *59, *74, *75J wistains Salcedo, 330; 
approves caution of Phil, official, 4 J, 140; approves Valdivia's commissions, 385; 
advises abandonment of Phil., 19, 36, 37; withholds bulls, 30, 88; reforms by, 
38, 74, 75; orders compilation of Extracto hist, 44, 338, 45, 88; forbids ptg. of 
Viana's mem'l, 48, 19, 198 ; its orders rdg. postmaster of Indies, 5 J, 327. Its records 
and archives, 6, 56, 45, 79; rec mutilated, 50, 380; its decision approved, 7, 307; 
king confers with, 9, 151; theologues confer with, 377, 19, 71; Cath. Sov. give in- 
structions to, 52, 371, 373. 

Royal Span, (the state council Privy Council, and others) , 1, 140, axx, 3, 397, 
3, 379, 4, 105, 7, a89, 8, 56, 9, a«, 10, 200, 256, 13, 233, 252, 257, 27X, 3x4, 3x5, 
210, 261, 22, 40, 41, 35, x6, 2ix; members and officials, 1, 173, 174, 177, 2x2, 
3x3, 22a, 333, **6» 4, 238, 14, 38, 52, 53; represented at demarcation assembly, 18a; 
order to give, and give audience to Sanchez, 7, 137, 141; decrees approved and 

+Some of the entries under this head may belong under that of the Council of 
the Indies. It is not always possible to separate them sharply. 



248 THE Philippine ISLANDS [Councils 

Councils (continued) — 
signed by, 9, tat, 19a, 258, 380, 19, 41 ; discussions and report! by, 9, 254, 14, 19, 
ao, 214-217, 232-239, 16, 226, m, 10, 37-41, 331, 37, 64; reports most be sent to, 
10, ao; recommendations by, 14, 17; grants petition, 8s; decree by, 90; rote on 
Ternate exped, 180, 181; appoints Pareda aa ambassador, M, 30; consulted, 46, 
79; value of its opinion, 48, 353, 354. 

Various others — Disembargo (Port privy coun.), members of, 1, 120, lai, 174, a, 
375. Ordenes (Council of the Mil. Orders), 1, 174, members, 213, aao; powers, 
213; hist, 813. Port Royal, «3, 31, 42, 56, 98, 24, aio; members, 1, 174, 223, a, 
*75t objects to Span. reL in Japan, 14, 19; its report on miss's, ai8, 337-336; tries 
to limit Felipe Ill's action, 339; should pass decree allowing ships to be built ia 
India, 18, 394, 395. Royal, of Crusade, writes rdg. bulls, 8, 308. Royal, of Tress, 
(or Exchequer), issues decree, 14, 8a; reL must obtain order from, 93; royal 
apptmt, aa, 35, 4 a, 379. Superior, of royal Excheq., recommendation rdg. in 
Phil., 51, 218. Hacienda (same aa Council of Treat.?), abolished (1813), gi, a8a» 
Consejo Supremo de Hacienda (same aa preceding?), suppressed (1834), 8 1 * *9S* 
Of Castilla (Consejo de Castilla), 44, 258, 50, 141, 33, 33; reports by, 14, 334, 
50, 383; Morga promoted to, 47, 3a; new teats created in, 50, 373; investigates 
riot, 374; restricts papacy, 381; advises suppression of Jefc, a8a; suppressed (1812 
and 1834), 8 it *8a, *93* Mexican, 18, 190. Inquisition, of PhiL, described, 38, 
185; report must be sent to, 36, 88. Supreme, estab, urged, and plan and func- 
tions, 44, 175-180. Of Administration, estab. and functions, 45, 337, 338; govt 
section approves regulations, 46, 119. Consejo de Espafia (Council of Spain), re- 
habilitated, 51, a8o; its provisional creation (181a), 383. Consejo de Regenda 
(Council of Regency), created (1810), $i t 28a Consejo de Estado (Council of 
State), abolished (1834), $i, 393. State, urged for PhiL, 8 a, 19, 79. Consejo de 
Estado (Council of State), council renamed (1856), S*» 32 (also see above, Royal 
Spanish). Consejo Supremo de Guerra (Supreme Council of War), suppressed 
(1834), 51, 293. Consejo Real de Espafia e" Indies (Royal Council of Spain and 
Indies), created (1834), 51, 293; suppressed (1836), 396. Consejo de Ministros 
(Council of Ministers), 51, 294, 295; described, 5*, 237; substitutes Council of 
India*, 272; concurs in roy. actions, 46, 79. Tribunal Supremo de Espafia 6 
Indias (Supreme Tribunal of Spain and Indias), created, 53, 32; renamed, 32. 
Colonial, urged, 103. Of Filipinas, obtains collections, 53, 31. See also Decrees, 
Sec.: By Span. Govt 

Cousino y Vazquez, Francisco de: librarian of Mu*.-Bibl. de Ultramar, 53, 3a; 
thanked, 1, 16. 

Coutifio (Span, form of Coutinho), 1, 174. See Acevedo. 

Coutifio, Alfonso Vaez. See Vaez Coutifio. 

Couto, Dr. Jos* Manuel: represents Phil, in Cortes, $1, 281 ; retires to Vera Cruz, 281. 

Couvery, Bishop — : in Singapore, 5*, 5*- 

Covarrubias, Capt — : 16, 273. See Arceo Cuevasruvias. 

Covarrubias (Cobarrubias), Baltasar, O.S.A.: app. bp., 15, 281; death, 17, 175. 

Covarrubias, Diego de (Span, official) : instructions to, 3, 37. 

Covarrubias, Diego de: father of San Fulgencio, 41, 134. 

Covarubias, Maria de: 13, 247. See Jesus, Maria de. 

Covilham, — (early traveler): visits KAlikot, 33, 33*. 

Coyfino, Juan Martin: escorts prisoners, 6, 75. 

Cracola, Lorenco de: commander of Span, fleet, 18, 28a 



Crimes] INDEX 249 

Cramer (Crime), Juan (Joaquin de, gov. of Phil.) : term at gov., 51, 60; sketch, 

17, S<». 
Cranaon (vill. or dist in £. Indies) : Dutch trade at, 37, 93. 
Cranganore (vill. on Malabar coast) : Jes. in, 17, 364. 
Crawfurd, John (£ng. writer) : at Java, I, 71 ; his opinion of Phil, 71, 7a. 
Credentials: ambassadors carry, 9, 56; officials present, 50, 255. See also Passports. 
Creeks. See Rivers and creeks. 
Creoles (crioli, morenos, criollts morenos), as usually understood a person of pure 

Span, blood, born in the colonies, or Span, with some little mixture of native blood ; 

but in our text used also to designate various natives of the Orient) : term defined, 

*3» 3°°» *8, 30, 51, 106; origin of Creole blacks (criollos morenos), 40, 300, 301; 

described, 38, 167, 40, 285, 300, 301; of high origin, 16, 236; courageous, 236; 

die young in Phil., 23. 34*; degenerate, 248, 51, 106; swindlers, a8, 241; as sold., 

38, 167, 203; docile, 40, 301; their vicious training, 48, 302; Mex. not wanted 
in Phil, 8, 17, 243 ; Mex. in Phil., 5a, 115; in Cainta, 39, 138 (morenos) ; in India, 
40, 46; in Manila, 44, 29 (morenos) ; brought from India to be sold in Phil., 47; 
proportion of, in Phil. (1817-18), $l t 80; few in Phil., 123; officer Phil, navy, 124; 
advisable to decrease their no. in Phil, 211; Mex., becomes oidor, 38, 56; traders, 
40, 288, 51, 106; sold, (morenos), 44, 165; fellowships created for students, 45, 
122; found freemason lodge, 46, 357; discontented, 53, 122, 123; exempt from 
arrest during harvest, 293. Become rel, 13, 300-302, 304, 34, 47, 129, 148, 36, 
124, a8, 28; Jes. admin, 170, 44, 37. See also Mestizos. 

Crespo, Agustin, (Agustin, Span, official): arrives in Manila, 37, 277; ale-may, 

39, I9«- 

Crespo, Diego Nunez. See Nufiez Crespo. 

Crespo, Francisco, S.J.: letter to Felipe IV, cited, 33, 42; sketch, 42. 

Crespo y Cebriin, Manuel (gov. of Phil, 1854-56) : apptmt by, 46, 67; sketch, 17, 
305, 306. 

Criado, Juan Moreno. See Moreno Criado. 

Crimes and Criminals — 

In general: charged to royal officials, 3, 210; Chin, commit, 7, 228 (see also 
Chin.) ; Fil. commit, 8, 93, 51, 168, 267, 5a, 46, 59, 60; native priests commit, 46; 
Brit, commit, 49, 170; increase, 8, 93, ao, 164, a8, 258, 36, 19, 288, 292, 44, 15; 
when tried by special judges, 5, 281; punishment of, desired, 10, 88, 89; un- 
punished, 298, 18, 269; should be punished, 5a, 61; penalties for, ao, 188 (see 
also Penalties) ; no. sentenced in Phil. Aud. (1832-41), 36, 291; confession, remedy 
for, 51, 97. 

Criminals and convicts: in mil. service, 10, 13, ao, 73, 18, 53, 34, 332, 37, 252, 
44, 281, 5a, 65; sent to Phil, 10, 93, 19, 143; should not be sent to Phil, 51, 211; 
to be sent to Mindoro, 16, no; sent to Zamboanga, 5a, 31 (see also Colonies - 
penal) ; flee from justice, 10, 298; escape punishment, 37, 252, 263; resort to mts. 
and barrios, 40, 299, 46, 26, 324; Chin, fugitives in Manila, 4a, 19, 248, 249; 
outlaws take refuge in Cagayan Is, 48, 117; escape from Manila, 49, 272; on 
ships, ia, x6x, 16, 173, 37, 130, 47, no (see also Chinese - condemned to galley) ; 
cases of, neglected, 17, 94; Fajardo releases illegally, ao, 17, 164; claim right of 
sanctuary, 31, n, 79-83, 35, 202, 36, 35, 87, 104; drowned, 33, 184; clothes for, 
needed, 33, 30; reward offered for capture of, 35, 202, 36, 35, 36; wages of, 37, 
130; converted, 32, 24; causes of, sentenced in Phil. Aud. (1832-41), 36, 291; 
should labor on public works, 298 ; labor on public works, 51, 164; mutiny, 37, 252; 



250 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Crimes 

Cuius and Cuminals (continued) — 
Javanese, in Cape Town, 43, 243; priests suspected of making^ 46, 36, 314; aid 
Brit, 49, 323 ; lodged in fort, 51, 164; indented, 52?, 43. See also Legal and judi- 
cial; Penalties; and Prisons. 

Various crimes enumerated', of bodily violence - assault and battery, 13, 84, 
33, 161, 36, 391, 39s; torture, 49, X73; stabbing^ 13, 353, 353, 13, 54* 106, 107; 
poisoning, 13, 336, 16, 14, 6a, 99-101, 316, 18, 333, 30, 37, 31, 198, 34, 91, 39, 70, 
31, 15, Hh 273, 3*, 160, 180, 34, 389, 36, 17*, 37, 299, 38, 138, 39, 77, 9*. 41, 
838, 330, 46, 43, 50, 47 (see also Diseases) ; murder (assassination, homicide, in- 
fanticide, parricide, 1, 337, 3, 286, 387, 4, xo, 5, 105, 107, 143, 145, 151, 335, 6, 
338, 7, 288, *, 2x8, 2x9, **5, 341, 375, 10, 43, 398, II, 53, 137, 379, 13, I7*» »77, 
178, x8i, 13, 101, 103, 16, 39, 63, 75, X30, 343, 3*5, **, »«, *4, «5, *9, "7, *«» 
188, 31, 140, 310, 3X3, 3x3, 335, 3x4, 33, X95, 199, 246, 264, 369, 38o, 94, 94, 138, 
35, 164, X65, 303, 204, 205, 36, 35, 87, 88, 27, 2X, 279, *9, 39, «4S, 30, 184, 185, 193, 
244, 31, 75, 7*. 205, 206, 285, 3», 29, 43, 287, 33, 185, 187, 34, «7, 279, 

293, 33, 37, 36, X28, 339, 330, 29X, 293, 37, 47, 66, X7X, 173, 334* 266, 399, 38, 163, 
186, X97, 39, X48, 240, 288, 297, 40, 82, 85, X59, X67, 224, 250, 35X, 356, 41, 28, 84, 
X33, 208, 30X, 43, 33, 4*, 55, 6x, 73, 74, 204, 208, 2x3, 44, X28, 155, I5», 1*1. A 
127, 49, 17a, "4, 220, 233, 224, 229, 243, 51, 47, 98, 53, 281; suicide, a, 1x2, 13, 

33, 34, 222, 14, X29, 16, 39, 31, 241, 37, 286, 324, 355, 39, 130, 336, 341, 31, x86\ 

36, x6, 335, 38, 209, 40, 250, 41, 13, 85, 47, «90, «o, X65. 

Of dishonesty — gambling, 4, 82, X07, 5, 183, 305, 6, 37, 38, 10, xa, 75, 86, 87, 
9X-93, X25, 14, 55, S«5, *A 246, *8, 285, *<>, 19, 227, 35, 246, 38, 240, 343, 39, 
84, 30, 206, 207, 33, axx, 37, 158, 40, 29, 2x8, 43, 269, 44, 15, «34, 135, 45, »77, 
*35, 46, 358, 48, X50, 243, 244, 49, 179, 267, 30, 59, 159, 242, 243, 264, 31, 9*» 
X05, X17, 5a, 225, 305; bribery, 31, 60, 37, 359, 38, 249, 31, 68, 130, X33, 34, 25, 
391, 36, xx, 80, 37, 3i, 48, 60, 303, 40, 339, 41, 9, 35, 47, 246, 247; usury, 38, 340, 

37, 49; smuggling, 18, 302, 19, 105, 36, 136-138, 38, 369, 44, 150 (see also Com- 
merce) ; forgery, 3, x8i, 18, 277, 3a, 44, 4©, 241, 242; swindling, 38, 240, 250, 
251; counterfeiting, 49, 172, 178, 263, 265, 51, 238; theft (embezzlement^ high- 
way robbery, robbery), 1, 28, 82, 3, 55, 255, 262, 287, 4, 107, 5, 125, X43-H7, «79» 
x8x, 6, x6, 74, 92, 7, 288, 8, 24X, 9, 42, 243, 244, 11, 52, 18, X5, 265, 3x9, 19, 46, 
68, 30, 223, 31, 61, 79, M, 94. 302, 303, ^3, X85, X99, *6, 87, X04, 38, 241, 39, 
«o, 30, 35, 36, 39, 63, 83, X02, X4X, 3a, 29, x86, 34, 293, 36, 290, 29X, 293-295, 
299, 302, 37, 4*, 42, 172, 234, 38, 94, 197, 228, 246, 39, 57, 4©, X50, 41, *4» 42, 

. 249, 261, 269, 277, 43, X09, X23, 204, 238, 239, 304, 44, iox, X26, 128, x6o, 46, 32, 
324, 47, xo6, 49, 214, 220, 223, 229, 350, 300, 327, 50, 3X, 109, 252, 31, 14, 92, 
93, 138, 2x3. 

Of impurity— adultery, 3, 287, 5, X05, 1x7, X43, X45, X51, 177, X79, X87, 7, xoo, 
X26, X82, 13, 37, «78, i8x, 16, 79, 126, 17, 97, 290, 30, X96, X97, 222, 31, 2xx, 229, 

34, 293, 40, 92, X47, X53, X54, 358, 372; incest, 5, X23, 40, 88, 358, 51, 267; im- 
proper relations (concubinage, licentiousness, etc), 15, 3<3, 16, 129, 17, 54, 18, 
74, 30, X67, 227, 31, 60, X23, 33, X85, 35, X63, 36, 86, 37, 22, 360, 38, 240, 243, 
244, 31, 66, 7X, 72, 33, 60, 36, 39X, 293, 37, 57, 38, 7*, 75, X03, XX4, X47, 2x9, 39, 

294, 44, 30, 44, 93, xoo, iox, 237, 358, 41, 228, 230; rape, 16, 129, 250, 36, 293, 44, 
X28, 49, 2x4, 229, 51, 213, 268, 269; bigamy and polygamy, 5, x6, 264, 265, 269, 
18, 184, 37, 244, 39, ^66 9 167, 262, 263, 51, 207; sodomy and sin against nature, 
4, 59, 6, 63, 9, 3x9, *°, 150, 11, 56, 57, 13, X07, X09, X2x, X47, 13, «7*, 274, 277, 
280, 15, 296, 34, 330, 37, 40, 50, 34, 323, 40, 365, 4a, 248, 30, X57, 160. 

Against religion — blasphemy, 3, 58, 62, 91, 4, 107, 17, 72, 73, 50, 192; simony, 



Cruz] index 251 

10, 156, 25, 279, 305, 31, 36; teaching erroneous doctrines, 42, 221. Public - 
rdg. trib. and assessments, and extortion, 14, 278, 19, 43, 34, 289, 40, 204, 46, 59; 
desertion, 19, 127, 154, 26, 108, 27, 3">, 29, 30, «5<>; treason, 17, 121, x8, 77, 29, 
157, 158, 204, 224, 37, 34, 37, 5«, 54, 3«, 188, 193, 194, 4*, x »» *9, 74, 4», »5°, *5*. 

43, 61, 6a, 46, 51, 233, 295; conspiracy, 36, 291, 37, 266, 44, 1*, X55-159; lese- 
majesty, 37, 273, 279; breaking silence taboo (among natives), 40, 81; tale- 
bearing (among nat), 237, 238; insults (among nit.), 358; malfeasance in office, 

44, 15, 149, 151- 

All other crimes — debt, 6, 61, 16, 128, 29, 282, 4a, 302, 44, 2x3; false witness 
and perjury, 6, 74, 17, 95, 96, 26, 155, 3a, 60, 36, 291, 37, 45, *1% 3«, 130, 39, 
294, 40, 243, 244; arson, 16, 35, 36, 291, 294, 41, 84, 4a, *77, 49, **9, 300, 51, 
2x3; destruction of property, 36, 294; libel, 39, 279; abduction, 41, 285; false accu- 
sation, 44, 88, 89, 93, 173. See also Fil.: marriage, and morals; and Penalties. 

Cripples: not found among Visayans, 5, 1x7. 

Crisostomo (Chrisostomo), Juan (Juan), O.P.: papal decrees sent to, 5, 201; issues 
call for Phil, workers, 15, 185; ill, 30, 125. 

Cristo (Christo) Bicaria, Ana de (abbess of sisters of Poor Clares) : embarks for 
Phil., 35, 295. Letter to Felipe IV- (July 31, 1626), 22, 104-107; (June 30, 1636), 
26, 9, 22-29, 3x5. 

Cristo, Christoval de (Rec) : labors in Bolinao, 21, 281. 

Cristo (Christo), Geronimo (Geronimo, Jeronimo) de (Rec): joins Phil. Miss., 21, 
1x5; life and labors, 1x5, 179, 254, 28, 307. 

Cristo (Christo), Magdalena de (vicar of Poor Clares): goes to Phil., 35, 295; 
official acts, 22, 107, 26, 29. 

Cristobal, Gaspar (native chief in Luzon) : joins insurrection, 38, 205-207. 

Cristoval (second son of Port, pretender Antonio) : Dutch hope for alliance with, 14, 
176; sketch, 176. 

Crivelli, Camillus, S.J.: thanked, 53, 40, 54. 

Croix, Carlos Francisco de (marquis de Croix, viceroy of N. Espafia) : sends letter 
to Radn, 50, 293. 

Crommelin, Gov. Charles (Brit, official) : letter to (Jan. 21, X763), 49, 65, 66; letter 
from (Jan. ax, 1763), 66. 

Croquer, Thomas, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 70. 

Cross: of San Fernando, 17, 304. See also Ecc: worship and accessories. 

Crowns: sent as presents to Span. Sov., 3, 249, 277, 34, 296; as present to insurgent, 

46, 56; on coat-of-arms, 9, axi, 22, 56, 57; royal, carried in procession, 36, 29, 
31; royal, on catafalque, 33; in funeral ceremonies, 41. See also Ecc.: worship 
and accessories. 

Cruces (Crazes, vill. in Cent. Amer.) : location 19, 104; smuggling at, 27, 171. 
Cruz, — de la (minor son of Hernando de la Cruz) : his encomienda, 8, 122. 
Cruz, Ambrosio de la, S.J.: labors in Santa Cruz, 36, 54. 
Cruz, Antonio de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 86. 

Cruz, Apolinario de la (Fil. lay-brother of St J. of G.) : expelled from Manila 
hosp., 52, xox; found confraternity, 20, 93; incites and leads insurrection (1841), 

47, xox, 208 ; his title, 93 ; Span, attack and defeat, 93, xox ; flees, 47, 93 ; captured 
and shot, 93; his followers pardoned, 93. 

Cruz, Christoval de la, O.S.A.: sends visitor to Phil., 11, 307. 
Cruz, Francisco de la, O.S.A.: one of first Aug. in Mex., 34, 423. 
Cruz (Jurado), Francisco de la, O.P.: enlists in Phil, miss^ 30, 122; arrives in 
Manila, 43, 32; his miraculous cure, 31, 202, 203. 



252 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cruz 

Cruz, Gabriel de la (tec priest, schoolmaster of cathedral), approves rules of Mb- 
ericordia, 47, 78. 

Cruz (Rengifo), Gabriel de la, S.J.: death, 17, 15, 139; sketch, 139. 

Cruz, Geronimo de la, O.S.F.: martyred, 35, 120, 121. 

Cruz, Gregorio da O.S.F.: Siamese captive, 9, 197; in Camboja, 3*, 77; letter from, 
9, 197, 3i, 77. 

Cruz, Hernando de la : his son owns encomienda, 8, laa. 

Cruz, Joan de la (Rec) : accompanies Silva's exped n ax, 163. 

Cruz, Jos* de la, O.S.A.: visitor, 4a, an, 239; sketch, 37, 208. 

Cruz, Juan de la (FiL convert) : ransomed, 38, 66. 

Cruz, Juan de la OJ\: helps found Dom. prov. in PhiL, 30, 125; good linguist, 31, 
15; life and labors, 30, 122, 136, 172, 31, 241-243. 

Cruz, Juan de la (sec priest, canon) : official act, 18, 19a 

Cruz, Julian de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 

Cruz, Luis de la, St J. of G.: superior, 47, 193. 

Cruz (Losada), Manuel de la, O.S.A: identified, 4a, 190; elected procurator, 189; 
goes to Spain, 190; despatches miss. 226, 238; signs San Agustin'a dedication, 241. 

Cruz, Maria Magdalena de la (Poor Clare) : goes to Phil., 35, 295. 

Cruz, Martin Real de la. See Real de la Cruz. 

Cruz, Nicolas de la, O.S.A. : sketch, 37, 232. 

Cruz, Pedro de la, O.S.A.: arrives in Phil., 33, 290; life and labors, 290-292. 

Cruz, Raymundo de la, O. P.: death, 37, 107. 

Cruz, Vicente de la, O.P. (Jap. convert) : his Jap. name, 3a, 291 ; arrested, 286; 
martyred, 285; sketch, 291-294 

Cruz Haedo (Ahedo), Felix de la (roy. sec'y) : official act, 28, 120, 45, 192. 

Cruz Palaris, Juan de la (Pangasinan) : heads insurrection, 49, 303 ; pardoned, 305. 

Cruzat (Cruzat), y Gongora (Gongora, Gongora), Fausto (gov. of Phil., 1690- 
1701): becomes gov., 41, 35; arrives in Manila, 4a, 20, 282, 290; his suite, 291, 
292; his arrival celebrated, 295; despatches and builds gall., 41, 36, 4a, 303, 
307, 308; oppresses Fil. and ale-may., 41, 9, 33, 34; engages in trade, 34; accepts 
bribes, 41, 35; Barrientos demands correspondence from, 36; praises Rec, 118; 
orders exploration of mines, 38, 225 40, 216; death of his wife (1694), 4'> 3 Z> ! 
approves change of miss., 266; ordered to report rdg. roy. sem. (1697), a8, 117, 
118, 190; asserts sem. unnecessary (1700), 45, x8, 192, 195; official acts, 44, 230, 
231; reconciles Comacho and Gonzalez, 4a, 28; neglects Marianas miss*, 44; 
unfriendly to rel. orders, 104; term as gov., 31, 302, 44, 142; his succeessor, 14; 
his residencia, 4a, 31, 302; his economical and prudent admin., 4a, 20, 301, 302, 
48, 205, 50, 87; death (Nov. 5, 1702), 4a, 3x2; death of daughter (Dec 12, 
1702), 312; sketch, 17, 293, 294; of hasty and harsh disposition, 41, 33, 4a, 200, 
3x2. Decree rdg. San Jos6 coll. (Sept 22, 1695), 45, 1x9; revises Corcuera's Or- 
dinances (1696), 4a, 300, 46, 277, 50, 17, x8, 191-227, 323; superior to those of 
Ra6n, 191; cited, 218. 

Cruzat y Gongora, Fausto (son of Fausto) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 290. 

Cruzat y Gongora, Ignacia (daughter of Fausto) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 290. 

Cruzat y Gongora, Juan (son of Fausto) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 29a 

Cruzat y Gongora, Martin (son of Fausto) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 29a 

Cruzat y Gongora, Teresa (daughter of Fausto) : arrives at Manila, 4a, 29a 

Cuabu (vill. in Mindanao) : plain ends at, 43, 203. 

Cuadrado, Jose, O.S.A.: letter to, cited, 49, 83. 



Cueva] index 253 

Cuadrilleros (police force io Phil.) : stationed in Mindanao, 43, 2x1 ; Fil. become, 
46, 306; receive no pay, 50, 62. 

Cuambac (Cuambaco, Cuanbaco, Cunbaco) : 9, 35, 53, 13a. See Kuwambaku. 

Cuartero, Mariano (first bp. of Jaro) : founds sem., 45, 231; death (1884), 38, 279. 

Cubao (Cubao, vill. in Pampanga) : error for Lubao (q.v), 53, 332; its chiefs, 8, 
84; investigations in, 84-95. 

Cuba*, Capt — : attacks fort at Tidore, 31, 25a 

£ubiaga, Juan Bautista de (accountant) : official acts, 33, xxi, 36, 1x5, 144, x68, 2x5, 
263; Fran, defames, 130. 

Cubosama: name for Daifusama (?.v.), 16, 48. 

Cubu (£ubu) : 3, 2x0, an, 2x4, 233, 5, 39. See Cebu; and Phil. Is.: Cebti. 

Cuebas, Joan de, O.P.: sketch, 14, 86. 

Cuellar, Francisco de, O.S.A.: sent to Spain, 34, xox. 

Cuellar, Geronimo de (Span, officer) : his merits, 7, 15a 

Cuellar, Juan de (notary): acts in official capacity, 7, 275, 8, 77, 79, 255, 9, 33, 
38» 39i 132, X36, X82, IO, 236, 238, 241, 242, 244, 14, 3«» 3«3» 15, 73; escapes 
mutineers, 70, 71, 16, 261, 262. 

Cuellar, Maria de (wife of Oidor Colima) : burial and funeral rites, 43, 159, 164. 

Cuello, Leandro (pilot): arrives at Manila, 37, 229; his bravery, 43, 163. 

Cuello, Manuel, S.J.: in hiding in Camboja, 34, 297. 

Cuenca (vill. in Spain) : rel. foundation in, 51, 148. 

Cuenca, Juan, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 37, 70. 

Cuenca, Capt. Julian de (Span, official): reports on hosp. of Manila, 7, 267, 268; 
ale-may. of Pampanga, 10, 43; makes punitive exped., 43. 

Cuenca, Nicolas de (Span, sold.) : goes to China, 4, 46 [i.*., 47], 6, 121. 

Cuenca Montalvo, Pedro de (sarg.-may.) : takes part in festivities, 33, 57. 

Cuesta, Francisco de la (abp. of Manila, 1707-1722, and gov. [ad. interim] of Phil. 
1719-1721) : has conflict with civil authorities, 44, x6, 145, 155, 156, 167, x68, 184- 
194; upholds episcopal visit, 145; imprisoned (17x9), x68, 190, 191, 46, 33; released 
from prison, 44, X94; proclaimed gov. (17x9), x6, 17, 159, X94, 195; investigates 
assassination of Bustamante, 160; Span. gov. censures, 160, 46, 34; protests against 
decree of 1720; 44, 279-281; orders abandonment of Zamboanga (1722), 165; 
erects sem. of San Felipe, 45, 204-207; usurps roy. patronage, x8, 19, 205, 206; 
opposes chairs of phil. and thcol., 206; replaces mil. officials, 46, 32; transferred to 
Mechoacan see, 44, 160, 46, 34; death (1724), 44, 160; sketch, 17, 295, 51, 308, 
309. Letter (June 28, 1720), 44, 17, 182-195; letter (1721), 280, 281. 

Cuesta, Francisco Samaniego. See Samaniego Cuesta. 

Cuesta, Jos* de la, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 37, 185; pres. of chapter, 2x4; elected 
prov'l, 222; sketch, 185. 

Cuesta, Martin Sanchez de la. See Sanchez de la Cuesta. 

Cuesta, Pedro Villarroel de la. See Villarroel de la Cuesta. 

Cuesta Olmedo, Andres de la: father of Jos* de la Cuesta, 37, 222. 

Cueva, Licen. Fernando de (brother of Marcos) : writes Marcos, 16, 66, 

Cueva, Ignacio de la (Span, official) : Mor. capture, 41, 3x3. 

Cueva, Ines de la (wife of Lezama) : appeals for him to Aud., 39, X35, 233 ; banished, 
136, 236. See also Cerda. 

Cueva Jose" Pestafio. See Pestano Cueva. 

Cueva, Josef a Mor an de la. See Moran de la Cueva. 

Cueva, Juan de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129. 



254 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Cucva 

Cueva, Luis de la (gov. of Canaries) : ordered Id aid engineer in PhiL, 34, 406. 

Cueva, Capt Marcos de la (brother of Fernando, Span, official): envoy to China 
and Macao, 14, 136, 15, 170, 16, 43, 44, 296, 31, 1S9; commands ship, 14, 136, 
137; shipwrecked, 16, 97; receives letter from brother, 66. 

Cueva Jiron, Rodrigo de la: bp. of N. Segovia, ga, 104. 

Cueva Moran, Juan de la (notary) : official act, 25, 235. 

Cuevas, Diego de las, 8. J., labors in Dagami, 36, 55. 

Cuevas, Capt Joan de (Span, officer) : in Moluccas campaign, 16, 53, 54. 

Cuevas, Jot* Fernandez, S.J. See Fernandez Cuevas. 

Cuevas, Juan de las, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 9a. 

Cuevas, Pedro (Span, official) : gov. Chris, in Basilan, 43, 255. 

Culamba (vill. in Phil.) : people of, superstitious, 40, 223. 

Culisi (Culasi, vill. in Panay) : a curacy, 28, 162, 164. 

Culhuacan (Mex.) : Aug. at, a, 168, 332. 

Culianan (Culianan, vill. in Luzon): Zambals inhabit; 41, 258, 4a, 258; Dom. ask 
of admin, of, 41, 258. 

Culion (Culion, Culion, Culiong, vill. in Calamian): chief town in Calamian, 21, 
309; status (1878), a8, 323; birdY-nests gathered at, ai, 308; Mor. attack, 36, 
179; Rec admin, ai, 316, 28, 175, 323, 41, 193. 

Cunha, Nuno da (Port official) : appoints Barbosa as peace commissioner, 33, 34a 

Cufiiga, Gonsalvo de: 6, 44. See Zuniga. 

Cufiiga, Pedro de: 14, 181. See Brabo de Acufia. 

Cupiat: Moro rancherfa, 43, 202. 

Curat. See Ecc.: clergy. 

Curfew: Zabilbaru estab., 40, 29; Anda estab., 49, 267. 

Curot (Couros), Matheo de, S.J. (prcVl of Japan) : his servant tortured, a©, 26, 27; 
sketch, 19, 49. Letters- (1619), 19, 49*5* (1626), 22, 314. 

Curtains. See Furniture. 

Curto, Andres (Span. sarg.-may.) : summoned to council, 36, 117. 

Curuan (vill. in Mindanao) : superstition in, 44, 91. 

Curuzelaegui (Cruce-laegui, Cruceleygui, Cruzalegui, Cruzelaegui, Curucelaegui, 
Curuzalaegui, Curuzaelegui, Curuzalegui, Curuzealegui) y Arriola, Gabriel 
(gov. of Phil., 1684-89): his offices and titles in Spain, 41, 215, 42, 225, 247; 
arrives at Manila (1684), 39, *75, 180, 208, 220, 265, 42, 18, 172, 225, 226; makes 
triumphant entry, 229, 230; plans to reinstate and reinstates Pardo (1684), 38, 83, 
39, 176, 184, 209-212, 220, 230, 42, z8, 231-233, 51, 307; assigns encomiendas (1685), 
47, 204; Pardo threatens with excommunication (1686), 39, 135; aids and sustains 
Pardo, 140, 146, 294, 295; asks opinions of rel. orders, 180, 186, 210, 230, 241; 
reconciles temporarily Pardo and Aud., 187, 212, 221, 266; intercedes with P. for 
Vargas, 199-201, 2x9; ditto for Cabildo, 2x5; partial to Dom., 208, 209, 211, 239; 
sustains Aug., 134, 146; Jes. petition, 139, 141, 142; rebukes rel. orders, 139, 140; 
attends church, 278; his negotiations, etc, with visitor, 282, 283, 288, 294; has 
trouble with, and exiles oidors, 136, 233, 234, 282, 294, 296, 43, 258; arrests civil 
officials, 39, 140; engages in trade, 146, 40, 26; presents given to, 39, 147; lam- 
poon published against, 231, 232; his despotic course, 231-243; dreads conspiracy, 
2 37» 239; accused of withholding roy. decrees, 234, 241; accused of licentiousness 
and murder, 240, 288, 296, 297; Endaya, his favorite, 40, 28; suspends voyage of 
Acapulco gall. (1686), 42, 244, 245; fits out war vessel, 245, 246; his measures 
during fire (1688), 261; despatches exped. against Zambals (1688), 269; various 
official acts, 39, «35, 17*, »79» **h »*3, *9h **» aio » 4©, *4*, 4*» 2x5, 244, 4*, 



Dalcaceva] index 255 

266; death (1689), and eulogy, 39, «8o, 281, 293, 297, 299, 4a, 20, 230, 233, 280, 
281, 291 ; hit executor, 39, 299 ; hit poverty, 280, 299 ; character and wealth, 184, 
206, 220; his piety, 42, 230; king commends, 273; his efforts to economize abortive, 
301; sketch, 17, 293. Letter from Pardo (1687), cited 4a, 263; Cruzat succeeds, 
290, 291. 

Custodia, Pedro, O.P.: in Camboja, 15, 153. 

Cutapay, Phelippe (Gaddan chief) : convert, 3*, xx6; insurgent chief, xx6; his treat- 
ment of reL, xx 6-xx8. 

Cutay (Curay), (chief in Mindanao, grandson of Corralat): also called Kuddy 
(q.v.), 5a, 349; succeeds Cor- 41, 3x6; described, 39, 33 1 »!«**, 33, 44, H3- 

Cuxi (Jap. port) : Cobo in, 9, 30-32. 

Cuyo (vill. on Cuyo Is.) : Rec in, ax, 15, 250, 28, 175, 41, 121, 122. See alto Phil. 
Is. : Cuyo. 

Cuyuran (vill in Phil.) : assigned in encom., 34, 306. 

Da [ — ], Hernando: xx, 25a See Avila, Hernando de. 

Dabao (Manobo chief): his treachery, 36, xa8, 129; heads insurrection, and kills 

Span, at Linao, 130-132; name a variant of Davao (q.v.), 128. 
Dabul (town in India) : trade at, 27, 96. 

Dacap, Antonio (loyal Zambal chief) : joins Ugalde, 41, 82; aids friar, 79. 
Dacas, Mathedo, O.S.A.: letter by (and others), to Felipe III (1605), 13, 24, 292- 

299, 3««. 
Dacheu: erroneous form of Achen (q.v.), 7, 221, 222. 
Dacosta: 2, 246, 253. See Rumbo da Costa. 
Dacungbanua: Christians in, 43, 2x4. See also Magdagasang. 
Dacxa (Mindanao chief): his treachery, 35, 69, 7a 
Dadayags: subdivision of Igorot tribe, 20, 27a 
Diet (Dait, vill. in Camarines) : 35, 3x3; founded by Fran., 3x7; admin, by them, 

284, 36, 217; pop., and account of convent, 35, 284. 
Dagat (vill.) : Rec convent in, 21, 247. 
Dagdagan (Zambal chief) : killed by Negrito, 38, 23a 
Dag6hoy (Dagahoy), Francisco (Boholan chief) : leader of insurrection, 28, 328, 48, 

147, 148, 51, 51; reduced to submission, 28, 230, 49, 179. 
Daguiar, Lopo (Port notary) : act by, 2, 275, 276. 
Daguisan (vill. in Samar) : 5, 57* 
Dagupan (vill. in Pangasinan): Dom. schools in, 17, 3x1, 28, 358, 45, 248, 46, 

3^3, 343; admin, by Dom., 28, X59, 174. [N. terminus of only R. R. in Luzon.] 
Daibutsu (temple of Buddha) : described, 19, 51. 

Daifu-sama (Daifu, Dayfb, Dayfusama) : official title of Jap. shdgun, 12, 78. See 
Iyeyasu. 

Daimids: noble class of Jap. people, 18, 216. 
Dmri, (Dayri) : appellation of Jap. mikado, 19, 51, 32, 182. 
Daisilan: ruler of Dapitans; 40, 113; slain, 1x4. 
Dait: 35, 284. See Daet 

Dalabahan (Mindanao chief): Jes. intrigue with, 46, 57. 
Dalaguete (Daraguete, vill. in Cebu): pop., 5, 39; education in, x, 80, 46, 321. 
Dalandan (Dalangdang) : vill. in Pangasinan, 38, x88; admin, by Aug., 38, 158, 

167. 
Dalayap (Zambal vill.) : 5, 103. 
Dalcaceva Carneiro, Pero (Port roy. sec*y) : act by, 2, 275. 



256 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Daliao 

Daliao (in Mindanao) : Bagobo reduction, 43, 233, 243. 

Dalig (vill. in Luzon) : Jet. visita, 13, 188. 

Dalinen (Zambal chief) : takes to the woods, 41, 249; slain by Negrito, 250, 

Dalrymple, Alexander (Eng. officer): in service of E. India Co., 43, 175; at Jol&, 
«75» z 77> >7S; obtains possession of Balambangan for Eng. (1763), 277, 278; visits 
Phil. It., 49, 284. 

Daludu (vill. in N. Segovia): location! 30, 300; Span, reduce, 9, 83; admin, b? 
Dom., 31, 142. 

Dalupaes (vill. in Camarines) : shipyard at, 18, 273, 274. 

Damagi (vill. in Leyte) : admin, by Jet., 28, 272. 

Daman (Dama, town in India) : a Port possession, 4a, 175, 48, 265. 

Damaran: admin, by Rea, 21, 245. 

Damas, Sebastian (notary) : attestation by, 26, 73, 208. 

Damascus (Damasco) : spice-trade at, 16, 224. 

Damayan (an encomienda) : status (2592), 8, 234, 235. 

Damian, Vicente, S.J.: natives kill, 28, 92; sketch, 38, 219. 

Dampier, William (Eng. navigator and freebooter): at Panama, 39, 65; in nidi 
on Mex. seas, 44, 239; sets out from C. Corrientes (Mex.) with Capt Swan 
(2686), 38, 244; at Guam Is., 248-266; tests swiftness of Ladrone boat, 260; de- 
clares sea-distances are incorrectly stated, 248; in Phil. Is., 267-285, 39, 22-220; 
in Mindanao, 38, 270-285, 39, 22-79, 216-220; goes hunting, 47, 66, 67, 69, 72; 
attends Moro festivities, 39-42; conversations with Moro chiefs, 38, 279, 39, 69; 
leaves Mindanao with Swan's mutinous crew, 77; makes sketch of Luzon coast; 
92; desires to escape, 92, 93, 224; in Batanes Is., 94-225, 52, 349; tries to indues 
mutineers to return to Swan, 39, 228, 120; in Sumatra, 38, 279, 283, 39, 28, 42, 
73, 220, 222; in Nicobar Is., 220; in Tonquin, 73; returns to England, 222; carries 
Moro chief thither, 49, 50; life and adventures, 38, 240, 39, 220, 222; marriage, 
96; writings, 38, 240, 241 (see under Books) ; journal, 39, 2x7. 

Dana, James D. (Amer. geologist) : at J0I6, 43, 255. 

Danao (vill. in Cebu) : a secular curacy, 28, 276; admin, by Rec 332, 324; pop. 
(1878), 324. 

Danao (Cagayan chief): aids missionaries, 48, 233; visits Manila, 236. 

Dancing: in relig. festivities and processions, 10, 77, 78, 12, 248, 19, 62, 63, 24, 
*75» ?7> 337; taught to Fil. by religious, 10, 78, 16, 252; amusement of Abp. 
Rojo, 49, 156-158; pantomimic, 52, 60; as ending of drama, 27, 340; among Fil., 
12, 248, 52, 60; various native dances, 19, 63, 45, 275-277; at feast of dead, 
21, 209; by Jap., 12, 248, 19, 66; by Chin., 12, 248; jarabis (of N. Espana), 
45, 277. See also the various native peoples. 

Danes: in Oriental trade, 45, 38; in India, 48, 264, 265; factories in Coromandel, 
42, 153; in China, 48, 275. See Commerce: Denmark. 

Dangajon (vill.) : Mor. sack, 41, 3x3. 

Danganlibor (Mindanao chief): friendly to Span., 9, 281, 287; reconciled to other 
chiefs, 288; renders homage to Span., 292. 

Dangla (Dangley, dist in Luz6n) : Span, exped. into, 14, 284, 285, 288, 291, 294, 
295. 

Dao: Palavig mission removed to, 43, 12, 68. 

Dapdap: Aug. admin., 28, 230, 265. 

Dapitan (prov. of Mindanao): Bapitan (misprint), 17, 275; explored by Ronquillo, 
9, 291; subdued, 16, 114; as encomienda, 34, 307; tributes, 23, 255; subject 



Dayt] index 257 

to civil jurisd. of Cebti, 18, 104; Lutaos migrate to, 41, 315; Subanos in, 40, 103, 
44, 61, 99; in Cebu bprc, a8, 184; no. of schools (x8oa), 46, 101; admin, by Jea^ 
17, *75» *3, 255, *7, 225, *86, *93, *9*. **. *5«. *7«, 343, *9, 29, 35, 9*. 36, 
103, 44, 6x, 45, 57; by Rec. (1768-1864), 38, 342, 343. See also Fil.: Dapitans. 
Dapitan (town in Mindanao): location, 34, 170, 40, 3x3; description, xxx, 44, 54; 
importance, 5, 59-63; crocodiles at, 44, 82; pop., 36, 6x, 62 (1655), 38, 96 (1656), 

40, X20 (X667); Span, at, a, 151, 4, 300, 33, 88, 24, 170; garrisoned, ia, 39, 
35, 98; native volunteers from, accompany Span, to Borneo, a8, 98; Cebuans at, 

41, 320; Lutaos in 40, 105; Boholan Chris, take refuge at, 44, 61; Malanaos mi- 
grate to, 67; Rizal exiled to, 15, 36. 

Daquen, as, 52. See Achen. 

Darag6 (Da-dago, Du-dug6, Mu-dug6, Bagobo divinity): 43, 234; debauchery re- 
sults from his worship, 249; human sacrifices to, 249, 279. 

Darandum: encom. in Iloco, 7, 267. 

Daras, Geronimo (nat of Siao) : calls in Dutch to conquer Siao, 4a, 125. . 

Darien: 34, X59; old name of Tierra Firme, 4, 106; location, 34, 67. 

Daripe (encom.) : assigned to La Hay a, 34, 305. 

Daron (Moro village in Davao): how formed, 43, 198; captives taken to, 205. 

Dasol (Zanbal vill.): pop. (1878), a8, 305. 

Data (vill. in Mindanao): no. of tributes, a8, 95; pop. (1655), 36, 6a 

Datalan: pays tribute, 37, M*- 

Datan (vill. in Luzon) : location, 14, 324. 

Datan (Mindanao chief): submits to Span., ao, 166; headman of Sibuguey, 44, 
69, 70. 

Dataria (dist of a dato) : defined, 43, aoo. 

Dato, Thomas: acts at witness, 4, 281; his encom. 8, 126. 

Datoa. See Moros: government 

Daudnord, Oliver: 11, 150. See Noordt Oliver van. 

Dauilican (Davilican) : location, a8, 288. 

Dauin (vill. in Negros) : pop. (1878), 2S 9 $21. 

Dauis (vill. in Bohol): admin, by Jes., a8, 151, 171; by Rec., 329; pop. (1878), 333. 

Daulat (Fil. chief) : exiled, 7, 106. 

Davalos, Gonzalo (Spanish official): appointment, a, 56. 

Davalos, Melchor. See Avalos, M. de. 

Davalos y Vargas, Pedro: petitions gov., 7, 304. 

DaVao (dist in Mindanao): location, 36, 128; extent, 43, 193; inhabited by pagan 
tribes, 230; conquest by Span. (1847-48), X94; Span, fort estab. in, 286; traders of, 
199; no. of schools in (1892), 46, xox; Moro exchange planned for, 5a, 351. 

Davila. See Avila. 

Divila, — (oidor) : supports Rojo, 48, 190, 49, 178; challenged by Viana, 192; ex- 
communicated, 178, 179; mortal illness, 191. 

Divila, Francisco: relates adventures of ship "S. Gabriel," a, 28. 

Davis, Capt — (Eng. buccaneer) : on Nicaraguan coast, 39, 53, 54, 137. 

Davis, Gen. George W. : plat* mil. roads, 43, 284. 

Dayag, Gabriel (Gaddan chief): heads revolt, 3a, xx6; abandons contest, 122. 

Dayap: Jes. visita of Creoles, near Cainta, 28, 170. 

Dayfachi, Pablo: Japanese convert, martyred, 3a, 32. 

Dayot, — (Span, official) : arrests robbers, 36, 295, 296. 

Dayt (vill. in Panay) : assigned as encom. (1571), 34, 305. 



258 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Dayun 

Dayuo (vill. in Bombon Prov.): Fran, in (1586), 7, 14a 

Dead. See Funerals and burials, Filipinos: mortuary customs. Legal: estates of de- 
ceased, and names of other peoples. 

Debts: services sold for, 10, 293, collected by sold., 51, 122; bondsmen for, 53, 63; 
promissory notes for, 5, 238 ; incurred by insurrection, 53, 159; farm lands not alien- 
able for, 292. See also Crimes, Filipinos Social and economic life, Legal, Penalties, 
and Usury. 

Decan (prov. in India) : its products, 37, 97. 

DECREES 

I. ECCLESIASTICAL DECREES, BULLS, BRIEFS, ETC. 

By Papal Court — 

Papal decrees 1 in this series, 1, 14; to whom addressed, 5, 201, 31, 67; bear 
official seals, 1, 102, 105, in (leaden, 3, 122, 34, 339), ™3, »4» »7*; expense of, 
31, 230, 38, 73; how this should be met, 74, 75; obtained surreptitiously, or by 
misrepresentations, 38, ai, 27, 30, 36, 76, 77, 159, 160, 44, 145; not accepted 
in Spain for sec matters, 48, 249; must be confirmed by Span, monarch*, to be 
valid (i.e., pose regio), 5, 293, 50, 270, 271 (this right suspended during 1763- 
68, p. 281) ; passed by roy. Council, 8, 56, 18, 214, 33, 73, 38, 73, 36, 76-81, 155, 

38, 78, 4a, i77» i*5> 44, 145, 43, »49t 8h S«o; not presented to Council, 35, 
162; withheld or denied by Council, 18, 2x4, 30, 88; published without knowledge 
of Council, 10, 80; must be published in Span, language, 5, 294; validity of au- 
thorized copies, 1, 102, Z05, in, 4, 137, 34, 271, 272, 35, 235; when briefs may 
be suspended by ecc authorities, 36, x6o; nullified by other decrees, 8, 52, 14, 
239; disregarded or disobeyed by friars, 35, 302, 304, 36, xz8, 125, 38, 2x4, 2x5, 

39, X05; collec of decrees (see below, under Titles; also gen. caption, Boob 
and MSS.) ; apostolic constitutions, 1, 1x3, 245, 4, 123, 38, 206, 207. 

Dogmas, heresies, etc.: asserting temporal power of pope (Clement XIII, Jan. 

30, 1768), 50, 281, 282; proclaiming dogma of Immaculate Conception (Pius IX, 
Dec 8, 1854); 37, 213; condemning errors (Pius IX, 1864; confirmed by Leo 
XIII), 53, 237, 267, 268; conccr. occult studies (Sixtus V, ca. 1589?), 35, 
156; appr. writings of Palafox (Clement XIII, Dec 9, 1760), 50, 280; excom, 
heretics (Urban VIII, 1627), 43, 26 (see below, under Titles, In Ccena Do mini); 
excom. Free Masons (Clement XII, Apr. 28, 1738; renewed May x8, 1751), 50, 
27; nullifying bull of excom. (Pius IX, Oct 12, 1869), 43, 26; concer. absolu- 
tion to penitents (June 17, 16x4), 20, 90; granting plenary indulgence to all who 
aid exped. against Moors (Nicholas V, June x8, 1452), I, 136; resuming issue 
of Crusade bulls, and extending their term to 12 years (Gregory XIII, ca. 1572?), 
38, 114; granting plenary indulgence and absolution to Dom. miss's (Gregory 
XIII, Sept. 15, 1582), 5, 199, 200; granting indulgence for reciting coronilla (Greg- 
ory XIII, 1584), 30, 128; exempting Ind. from Lenten feasts (before 1640), 

3 1 , 33; granting indulgences for devotion to Sacrament (Paul V?), 30, 77; ia\ to 
Misericord i a (Urban VIII, and others), 47, 77, 78; granting indulgences with bless- 
ing to people of Phil. (Aug. 7, 1649), 37, X92, 2x3, 44, 94; authorizing Cuban 
bps. for 10 years to grant dispensations (Leo XIII, Apr. 22, X899), 43, 237; ord. 
Inquis. to secure all docs, pertaining to its own cases, 35, 262, 263; denouncing 
those who oppose its authority, 244, 245, 26, 66, 95 ; ord. that its causes take preced- 
ence of all others (Pius V), 25, 243. Canonizations, of Francis Xavier and Ignatius 
de Loyola (Gregory XV, Mar. 12, 1622), 19, 53, 37, 300, 44, 53; of Jap. martyrs 
(Urban VII, 1627?), 24, 174; of Luis Beltran and Rosa de S. Maria (Clement IX, 
1667?), 37, 145; of Pedro B. Blazquez (Pius IX, 1862), 8, 233; appr. beatification 



Decrees] index 259 

of Palafox (Clement XIII, Sept 6, 1766), 50, 381. Changing date of Corpus 
Christi featt in Port Indias (Paul HI, June 15, 1537), 20, 100-104; id., in Phil. 
Is. (Urban VIII, 1625; never executed), 51, 302; permit celebration of Immac. 
Conception - in Span, colon.?- (Innocent XI, 1652?), 37, 213; reforming calendar 
Gregory XIII, Mar. 1582), 6, 55; proclaiming year of jubilee (Innocent X, 1650), 
37, 89. 

Ecclesiastical administration: censuring those who usurp ecc jurisd. or rev. 
(Urban VIII, 1627), 42, 26, 106; providing for appeals from Indias in ecc. 
cases (Gregory XIII, May 15, 1572), 27, 34; concer. apptmt of judges-con- 
servator, 25, 231; id., of apostolic judge, 29, 185; rdg. metropolitan church, 21, 
50, 51; emperors must respect bps., 8, 167; granting bp. authority in foro interior, 

6, 360, 31, 49; authorizing persons to take possession of es folios of abp., vacant 
bprcs., etc^ 5, 293; concer. authority of cabildo in sede vacante (Pius IX, Aug. 
28, 1873), 42, 289; granting Sotelo a bprc in Japan, 18, 214; forbid, all ecc. 
to engage in trade (Urban VIII, Feb. 22, 1632), 24, 269, 270; id. (Clement IX, 
June 17, 1669), 28, 75, 39, 162, 245, 259; application of fines imposed on peni- 
tents, 21, 60; ord. maintenance of seminaries in all cathedral churches, 45, 195. 
Relation of regulars holding curas to the diocesan authorities, exempting such curas 
from epis. visitation (Pius V. Mar. 24 and July 17, 1567, and Sept. 23, 1571), 
21, 40, 41, 46, 47, 62-66, 70, 72, 36, i57-«6o, 162, 166, 172, 173, 176, 37, X94, 
39. »37» 4?» 72, 82, 92-94, 50, 149, 150; id., confirming above decrees (Urban 
VIII), 36, x66, 37, 194, 42, 72; revoking concessions of Pius V, and regul. 
privileges of rel. ord. by ordinances of Council of Trent (Gregory XIII, Mar. 1, 
1573 ), 21, 41-44, 63-65 (suspended?, 43, 44); ord. bps. to visit miss., and the 
rel. in charge of them (Gregory XIV, Apr. x8, 1591)1 4$ ZX9-X24, 10, 200, 21, 
34. 37, 4«-43, *7, 7h 31, 223, 224; id. (Clement X, ca. 1675?), 42, 312, 213; 
subjecting rel. to epis. visitation (Clement XI, Jan. 30, 1705), 36, 155, 159-161, 
44, 145, SO, 150, 51, 309; id. (Benedict XIV, Nov. 6, 1744, Feb. 24, 1745, Nov. 
8, 1751), 38, 228, 229, 51, 3**. 

Discoveries and conquests by Spain and Portugal: authorizing Port king to 
conquer and enslave infidels (Nicholas V, June 18, 1452), I, 136; granting to 
Portugal lands discovered on African coasts (Nicholas V, Jan. 8, 1454), 136, 137, 

7, 201; sanctioning treaty of 1480 between Spain and Portugal (Sixtus V, June 
21, 1481), 1, 137; regarding Line of Demarcation (Alexander VI, 1493; see 
below, Titles: Inter cat era, Eximia, and Extension), 1, 23, 24, 89, 90, 95""4» 
178, 218, 2x9, 241, 243-245, 343; locations of original docs, (see also Archives 
and Libraries), 339-341, 3, «**, 123; where published, 1, 340, 341; facsimiles, 
where found, 340; granting to Spain new lands discovered (Inter cater a t May 
3), x » 97-103; id., like privileges in New World with those conferred on Portugal 
(Eximia, May), 103-105; drawing Line of Demarcation (Inter catera, May 4), 
Z05-X11; extending apostolic grant of Indias previously made to Spain (Extension, 
Sept 35), xi 1-114; granting to Span, monarchs rights to levy tithes in their pos- 
sessions in New World (Alexander VI, Nov. x6, 1501), 1, 91, 341-245, 343; con- 
firming treaty of Tordesillas (Julius II, Jan. 24, 1506), 129; confirming previous 
grants to Portugal of lands in Africa and the East (Leo X, Nov. 3, 15x4), 90, 95, 
136-138, 341, 342; defining limits of Span. Indias (Clement VIII, Dec. 12, x6oo), 
4, 145; granting to Span, monarchs right of roy. patronage in ecc. matters of the 
Indias (Gregory XIII, Feb. 6, X578), 4, «9-«*4» 3*9, *, *7*. 3<», 9, 225, 21, 19, 
44* 45, 34, 412, 42, 207; allowing them to collect mesada tax, 39, 246. 

Philippine Islands: granting favors to Phil, colony (Sixtus V, 1588), 15, 64; 



260 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Ecclesiastical, etc (continued) — 

ord. that decrees by council of Mexico be observed in Phil. (Urban VIII), 50, 
41; erecting Manila church into a cathedral (Gregory XIII, Feb. 6, 1578), 4, 
119-124, 319, 13, 193, 204, 15, 58, ^8, 109, no, 183, 19a, 34, 339. 36, aot, 51, 
298; founding abprc. of Manila, and dioceses suffragan thereto (Clement VIII, 
Aug. 14, 1595), 9, 153, 13, 304, 205, 38, 148, 195. *73, *74, *8s, 289, 31, 61, 51, 
299; creating Jaro bprc (Pius IX, May 27, 1865), 17, 307, 38, 279, 316; apptg. 
abp., 10, 203, 34, 225, 257, 38, 72-75, 83, 39, 265, 4», 200, 31, 299-303, 307, 
3 zo > 3>S; providing for vacancies in Manila see (Paul V, Jan. 7, 1612), 18, 241, 
34, 96, 225, 257, '35, 104, 186, 288, 39, *59, **o, 51, 301, 303; authorizing papal 
delegate in Phil. Is., 43, 36; conferring on Phil, benediction and gen. absolution 
and indulgence (Innocent X, Aug. 7, 1649), 37, *9*i "3, 38, 18, 44, 94, 31, 
3<H* 305; excom. Leon and oidors (Clement X, 1675), 43, 240; condemning 
Manila officials, and appr. Pardo's course (Innocent XI, 1688), 39, 368, 26% 
43, 273, 274; rdg. Phil, church (Leo. XIII, Sept 17, 1902), 13, 205, 5*, 16S; 
bulls do not apply to Ind., 3, 293, 294; committing to bp. of Manila adjustment 
and settlement of conquistadors' responsibilities toward Ind. (Gregory XIV, 
Apr. 18, 2591), 31, 41; ord. release of all Ind. slaves held by Span., and forbid, 
enslavement of any natives of Phil, (same decree), 8, 11, 70-72, 319, 16, 163, 
30, 262, 40, 355; exempting Ind. from Lenten fasts, except on Friday, 31, 33, 
34; empowering coll. S. Toma*s to confer degrees (Paul V, ca. 1620; Urban VIH, 
2630 and 1640?), 38, 137, 39, 175, 3«, 101, 35, 200, 45, H7, «54; erecting a 
univ. therein (Innocent X, Nov. 20, 1645), 38, 237, 35, 203-208, 36, 76, 77, 
8a, 37, 84, 98, 38, 78, 45, 14**146, "5©, 254, 249, 263, 297, 46, 262; extending 
preceding grant, to incl. instruction in canon and civil law (Clement XII, Sept 
2, 2734), 38, 238, 36, 82, 82, 45, 246, 247, 254, 297; authorizing S. Ignacio coll. 
to grant degrees in law, and conferring on it other privileges (Clement XII, Dec. 
6, z 735), 38, 234, 203 (see also below, under Jesuits) ; appr. works of charity by 
Misericordia, 16, 142; conferring on it many privileges and indulgences (Urban 
VIII; Clement XI, Sept 20, 2717; Innocent XIII, 2723?), 38, 128, 47, 78. 

Religious orders and missions: concer. rcl. ord. (Clement VIII, ca. 2604?), 31, 
245; favoring them, 33, 272; prescribing minimum no. of rel. in each convent, 
8, 56; ord. penalties for resignation of rel. from miss, or parishes, 36, 262; ord. 
that sold, must pay their debts before entering rel. estate (Sixtus V), 35, 212, 
213; alternativa in elections, introd. (Martin V, ca. 2425?), 38, 30; how applied, 
29; (see also below, under Augustinians) ; granting ecc authority to superiors of 
mendicant ord. in Indias (Adrian VI, "Omnimodo" May 9,* 2522), 6, 260, 10, 
43, 16, 153, 31, 45, 37, 358; permit friars to go to Indias, after securing roy. 
permission (same bull), 31, 45; grants to miss's in Indias (Sixtus IV, and other 
popes), 3, 267, 268; forbid, any ecc. to minister in Japan (Gregory XIII, Jan. 
28, 1585), 34, 263, 264; prohib. rel. from going among heathen natives, with- 
out permit from bp. (Gregory XIV, Apr. 28, 2592), 31, 42; forbid, rel. to go 
from any Span, land to Japan, save by way of Port India (Clement VIII, ca. 
2602?), 14, ax8, 222, 227-239, 34, 264-266, 31, 343; annulling preceding decree 
(Paul V, June 22, 1608; this confirmed by Urban VIII, Feb. 22, 2632), 34, 263- 
272, 38, 72, 31, 243, 244; separating miss, fields of rel. ord., 7, 230, 16, 153; 
permit "Chinese rites" (Alexander VII, 2656), 38, 228; prohib. them (Clement 
XI, 1710, 2715), 218; imposing penalties on fugitive miss's (Alexander VII, 
Aug. 5, 2660), 36, 228; favoring Chin, miss's (Clement X), 37, 285. 
Augustinians, indults granted (Julius II, and other popes), 3, 167, 268; appr. 



Decrees] index 261 

new rules for ord. (Gregory XIII, 1580), 23, 286; confirming act of gen. chapter 
in freeing prov. of Indies from subjection to Span, provin. (Clement VIII, .1592), 
34, 420, 426; separating discalced from caked Aug. (Paul V), 14, 337; enforc- 
ing alter nativa in prov. of Aug. in Indias (Gregory XV, Nov. 29, 1621), 34, 158, 
38, 2i, 26, 30, 35, 73, 42, 185, 186; id. (Sept 2, 1638), 39, X05; confirming pre- 
ceding decree (Urban VIII, 1628), 28, 30, 73; revoking enforcement of alter- 
maUva (Urban VIII, May x8, 1634), as, 31, 33-35, 42, 186, 187; granting 
privileges to Aug. procurators for Phil. prov. (Innocent XI, Dec 17, 1677), 3°\ 
76, 77i 43, 177; honoring Aug. who give rel. instruction at Manila in native 
languages (Innocent XI, 1688), 293; beatifying Aug. martyrs (Pius IX, 1867), 
*4» 96. 

Dominicans — founding Dom. prov. in Phil. Is. (Gregory XIII; Oct 20, 1582), 
5, 200, 2ox, 320, 30, 1x8; granting to it full powers of absolution and excom. 
(same pope, Sept. 15, 1582), 30, xx8; permit rel. to go to China (1587?), 7, 235; 
authorizing foundation of new miss. prov. by Collido (1633?), 25, x6x, 162; 
granting favors to Dom. order (Alexander VII, 1665; Clement IX, ca. 1667; 
Clement X), 37, 135, 145, 285; (see also above, under Philippines, S. Tomas 
nniv.). 

Franciscans — releasing discalced Fran, from jurisd. of gen. of ord. (Pius IV, 
15$*) » 39, 390; first miss, to Phil, sanctioned (Gregory XIII, 1576), 4, 308; 
granting indulgences to those who visit Fran, churches (Gregory XIII, Nov. 15, 
1578)1 136, 137, 3x9, 320; forbid. Observantine Fran, to go to Phil, (same pope), 
20, 124; erecting Fran, custodia of S. Gregorio into prov. (Sixtus V - erroneously 
Gregory XIII, 35, 3<H - Nov. 15, 1586), 6, 29, 77, 290, 291, 323; commanding 
that divisions of Fran, unite (Leo XIII, 1897), 20, 92. 

Jesuits — authorizing them to confer degrees on their own scholastics (Julius 
III, Oct 22, X552), 28, X3X, 132; id., on outside students (Pius IV, Aug. 19, 1561), 
132; allowing Jes. prefects to grant degrees (Gregory XIII, May 7, 1578), X32; 
authorizing Jes. to preach anywhere (Gregory XIII), 25, 231, 26, 39; allowing 
Jea. coll. in Indias to grant degrees (Gregory XV, Aug. 8, x6ax), 28, 132, 133, 
45, xxx, 251, 264; id., by bps. (Urban VIII, ca. 1625?), 132; conferring privileges 
on Jes. ord., 36, 77-81, 85, 39, x6x; enforcing epis. authority against Jes. en- 
croachments (Innocent X? ca. 1650?), 50, 280; suppressing Jes. ord. (Clement 
XIV, Jury 2i, 1773), 282, 306, 52, 21 x, 2x3; enforcing silence on this subject 
(Pius VI, Jan. 23, 1776), 50, 279; annulling Clement's decree of extinction, and 
reestab. Jes. in all Cath. countries (Pius VII, Aug. 7, 18x4), 52, 2x1; id., through- 
out the world (Leo XIII, July 13, 1886), 50, 282, 52, 213. 

Recollects (Aug.) — appr. their constitutions (1589?), 13, 246; permit separ- 
ation of Rec. from calced Aug. (Clement VIII, x6ox?), 21, xxa, 297; extinguish- 
ing Rec prov. (Paul V, X609?), 153, 289, 292; confirming Clement's brief, and 
restoring Rec autonomy (Paul V, May 21, x6x6), X82, 297, 36, 144, X45 (but 
here an earlier date is indicated) ; permit division of Rec into four prov. (Greg- 
ory XV, 1621), 21, 255; appr. Rec constitutions (same, 1622), 13, 246; confirm- 
ing enactments of first gen. chapter (1622), 21, 196; permit changes in rules of 
ord. (Urban VIII, Dec 15, 1635), 35. 87; granting privileges to miss's, 36, 151; 
censuring fugitive Rec rel. (Alexander VII, Aug. 5, x66o), x88. 

All other — appr. Trin. ord. (Innocent III, 1198), 17, xx8, 47, 82; conferring 
addl. privileges (1209), 82; appr. reform in ord. (Clement VIII, 1599), 17, xx8, 
1x9; appr. Poor Clares (Urban IV, X246), 22, 104; placing them under Fran, 
control (Julius II, 1508?), X04; concer. vows of beatas (Pius V, i$66), 48, 166; 



262 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Ecclesiastical, etc. (continued) — 

appr. constitutions of Ord. St J. of G. (1585), 14, 164; appr. cong. of Piarists 
(Paul V, 1617), 46, 115; conferring honors on them (Gregory XV, 1622), 115; 
erecting confraternity of Christ of Burgos (Innocent XI, 1682?), 4a, 231; confer- 
ring favors on Carmelite confraternity (Clement XI), ai, 288; granting privi- 
leges to mil. ord., 18, 257; id., to Ord. of Santiago (Alexander III), 25, 212; 
conferring spiritual powers on Port Ord. of Christ (Caliztus III), 1, 137; ex- 
tending this privilege as regards African countries (Sixtus V, June ai, 1481), 
137; appr. creation of Consejo de las Ordenes (Clement VI; confirmed by Paul 
III and Pius V), 213; granting privileges to Ord. of Alcantara (Leo X), as, 211; 
adjusting disputes between mil. ord. and ecc. prelates (Gregory XIII, Oct 20, 
1584), 1, 2x3. 

Titles — A postolica Sedis (Oct 12, 1869), 4a, 26 (see below, bull Pastoralis 
Romani); A pud S. Mariam May or em (Aug. 8, 1621), a8, 133; Clementinas (a 
collec of canon law; 13x6), as, 226, 237, 290, 4a, 201; Cctli et terra Creator, 
as, 156; Cum sicuti nuper acceptimus (Apr. x8, 1591), ax, 42, 43, 67, 71; De 
largitione munerum (1604?), 31, 245; Dudum, 35, 237; Dudum emanarunt 
(Sept. 2, 1734)1 3&> z 3&; D«m diversas (June x8, 1452), I, 136; Eterni Reps 
(June 2i, 1481), 1, 137; Etsi mendicantium or dines* (July 17, 1567), ai, 40, 41, 
46, 47, 62-64, 70, 7*; Eximia devotionis (May 3, 1493). «t 89, 95. 103-105, 339- 
341; Eximia (Nov. x6, 1501), 1, 91, 241, 243-245, 343; Exposal debitum (May 
X5, 157a), 4a, 27, 34; Extension de la concesion (Sept 25, 1493), 1, 89, 9°, 9S1 
111-114, 339-341, 3, 122 \F elicit ate quadam (1897), 2 °» 9 2 ! Firmandis (Nov. 6, 
1744), 38, 229, 51, 3«J Fulti prasidio (Feb. 6, X578), 4, «9-i*4, ia, 193, 204; 
In coma Domini (see below, bull Past oralis Romani), history, 4a, 26; cited, 8, 
170, 271, 279, 37, 34, 39, 185, 221, 4a, 24, 140, 305, 48, 248; its circulation prohib. 
in Cath. states (ca. 1768), 50, 281; In super eminentt (Nov. 20, 1645), 38, 137; 
In tanta rerum (Mar. x, 1573), 31, 41-44, 63-65; suspended (?), 43, 44; Inter 
catera (May 3, 1493), 1. 89, 95, 97-103, 339'34»; inter catera (May 4, 1493), 
*, «9, 95, 105-in, 339-341, 3, X22, ai, 44, 45, a3, X57, 158, 4a, I5«J Nunc nnfer 
(confirming Firmandis; Nov. 8, 1751), 51, 3x2; Omnimodo exponi nobis (May 
9, X522), 16, X53, ai, 45, 37, 258; Onerosa (Dec. X2, 1600), 4, «45J Pastme&s 
Romani pontificis vigilantia (1627), 4a, 26 (see above, bull In Coma Domini); 
Pracelsa (Nov. 3, 15x4), 1, 90, 95, 136-138, 341, 342; Qua in mart Sinico (Sept 
17, 1902), ia, 205, 5a, 168; Quanto cura (an encyclical; 1864), 5a, 237; 
Romanus Pontifex (Jan. 8, 1454), 1, 136, 137; Sexti decretalium liber (1298; t 
collec of papal decrees), 4a, 232; Solicitudo omnium ecclesiarum (Aug. 7, 1814), 
5a, 21 x; Syllabus errorum (1864; a statement of errors condemned by Church), 
5a, 237, 267, 268; Universis et singulis (Sept. 23, X57X), ai, 7a 

By other Ecclesiastical Authorities — 

Councils, ecumenical', their . decrees form standards of doctrine, a, 166; con- 
travened by papal decisions, 1, 245, ao, 104; modified thereby (1567), ai, 40, 41; 
disregarded by friars, as, 302, 304; ord. that ecc. councils be held in dioceses, 
ao, 77. 

Chalcedon (451 A. D.), concer. certain heresies, ai, 275; condemning 
Monophysites, 40, 190; Lateran (15x7), contravened by papel decrees, 1, 245; 
condemning Monophysites, 40, 189, 190; Nice (3*5), authorizing old-style cat- 

•This was a decree of general application: on Mar. 24 of the same year an- 
other of like tenor was issued for the Indias in especial. 



Decrees] index 263 

endar, 6, 55; Trent (1545-63), apptg. arbitrators in disputes over jurisd., 35, 234; 
rdg. procedure in dioc courts, 39, 159; relation of pious foundations to ecc jurisd., 
45, 129; rdg. dioc. synods, 9, 151, 30, 177; ord. maintenance of dioc. seminaries 
for educ of priests, 34, 353, 45, 196, 205, 223, 230; placing members of cathed- 
ral chapter under direct jurisd. of pope, 34, 356; rdg. apptmts. to epis. office, 
26, 49 ; vacancies in ecc. dignities, 34, 348 ; prescribing qualifications for apptmts. 
to these, 31, 24, 34, 189, 35, 169, 34, 342; placing time-limit for acceptance 
thereof, 39, 244; ord. epis. jurisd. and visitation of clergy, 7, 248, 31, 57, 62, 
69, 71, 72, 36, 72, 4a, 47, 72, 113; forbid, appeals from sentences resulting from 
such visitation, 35, 175; regul. apptmts. to benefices, 30, 247; rdg. apptmts. to 
chaplaincies, 47, 49; ord. that all curas must first be exam, and licensed by dioc. 
authorities, 31, 40-45, 64, 65; restricting ordination of clerks by bps. in partibus, 
18, 340; prescribing duties of rel. ministers, 28, 248; concer. rules of rel. 
orders, 33, 286, 287; as to preaching by reg. outside their convents, 35, 224; 
•objecting reg. curas to dioc. jurisd. and visitation, 31, 33, 34, 39, 40, 48, 55, 62, 
64, 71, 35, 237, 36, 151, 166; ord. dioc authorities to punish erring rel. when 
their superiors fail therein, 31, 39, 49, 50, 76, 77; prohib. reg. priests not curas 
from solemnizing marriages, 99; rdg. admonitions by priests to married persons, 
58; method of instructing heathen, 40, 269; rebuking heathen practices among 
Christians, 48, no, in; concer. powers of univ., 35, 206, 207; Vienne (1311), 
concer. powers of univ., 206. 

Councils, provincial: Lima, concer. col lcc. of trib. from Ind., 8, 40; admission of 
converts to eucharist, 31, 30; gen. decisions, 44, 122; Mexico, decisions, 44, 122; 
its decrees must be observed in Phil. Is., 50, 41; disregarded by friars, 35, 302; 
forbid, apptmt of expelled rel. to benefices and dignities (1585?), 18, 190; ord. 
penalty for accuser who cannot prove allegation, 40, 244; Philippines, rules for 
procedure of confessors, 31, 46 (under Bp. Salazar) ; abol. certain devotions 
(May- Nov., 1771), 50, 317, 318; ord. Bp. Luna to return to his diocese, and sub- 
stituting clerics for Aug. and Fran, friars (id.), 319, 51, 312; ord. subjection of 
parish priests to dioc. visitation and roy. patronage, and that its own decrees 
supersede those of Mex. council (id.), 50, 41 (all these proceedings disapproved 
by king, 42) ; Tungquin, concer. ecc jurisd. over beaterios, and distribution of 
miss, dist (1753), 48, 180, 

Diocesan authorities: monitory, 39, 246, 248, 44, 187, 190-193; inhibitory, 43, 
105, 106; revoking inhibitory letters, 105; recorded in books, 10, 204; erecting 
Manila church into a cathedral (1581), 34, 332-360; authorizing estab. of miss. 
by rel. orders (1587-99), 10, 204, 205; forbid, outsiders to enter S. Potenciana (ca. 
1603), 13, 241; granting admin, of Jap. in Manila to Fran. (Sept. 9, 1603), 51, 
300; ord. that expelled rel. be not admit, to prebends or curacies (Aug. 18, 
1617), 18, 190-193; settling controversy between Jes. and Dom. (1621), 30, 89, 
90; enforcing dioc. visitation of reg. curas (1622), 31, 33-65; ord. provin. of 
rel. ord. to leave delinquent rel. to jurisd. of ordinary, 36, 164; imposing tax for 
benefit of poor prebends (1632), 39, 263; punishing Jes. for opposing abp. (1635), 
35, 216-219, 223-225, 230, 236, 239, 36, 61, 62; ord. roy. officials to prove their 
right to tax ecc (1678), 39, 246; prohib. "Christmas masses" (1680), 247; ord. 
all executors of wills to appear before ecc. court (1681?), 248; by Pardo, in his 
controversy with Aud. (1681-83), 150-168, 250; concer. denunciation of crimes 
(1681?), 248; apptg. Barrientos his temporary successor, (Jan. 22, 1682), 258, 262; 
prohib. carrying sick to churches for viaticum (Sept. 5, 1682), 247, 248; proclaim- 
ing vacant see (ecc cab. 1683), 4*, 232; transferring authority to Barrientos 



264 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Ecclesiastical, etc. (continued) — 

(•£), 287; punishing Pardo't enemies (1684-89), 39, 185-190, 193-201, J07, aio- 
333, 338, 331-343, 367, 377-380, 384-388, 390-394, 397, 399, 4 J, 330, 364; concer. 
admin, of Mariquina (1686-87), 39, X3*-*35» 139, 14*, I4», H**, 4*, 365; trans- 
ferring Cainta from Jes. to Aug. (1687-88), 39, 138, 43, 265, 366; prohib. ale- 
may, from trading (ca. 1687), **4* 365; concer. slavery (1698), 45, 46; prohib. 
to oidor trial of cases concer. friar est (1697?), xo 5» x <>6; enforcing epia. visita- 
tion of friar cuns (1698), 35, 46**64; id. (Oct 36, 1707), 36, 155; concer. FiL 
marriage customs (ca. 1701), 50, 317; ord. Torralba to cease functions of oidor 
(17x8), 44, 187, *9<>, 193, 193; rdg. status of nun in beaterio (1750), 48, 155- 
157; replacing rel. curas by sec (1768-76), 50, 30, 31; permit circulation of 
anti-Jes. books in Phil. (Nov. 1, 1769), 307-316; abol. certain devotions (1771), 
3x7, 3x8; regul. conduct of sec clergy (1771), 264-268; ord. that archiepis. decrees 
be recorded by every parish priest in book (1771), 367; separating bathing-places 
of men and women (ca. 1840, by a cura), 40, 3x9. 

Miscellaneous: Congregation of Propaganda, decisions concer. "Chinese rites" 
(Sept X3, 1645), 37, 88, 89; forbid. Rec rel. sent to Phil, to delay or abandon 
their journey (June 38, x66o), 36, x88; ord. subjection of reg. to apostolic vican 
(ca. x68x), 4 J, six ; suspending this decree (ca. x688), 3x3; settling con tr o v e r sy of 
Rec with Dom. in Tungquin (May x$, 1757), 48, 178-180; concer. non-resident 
bps. (Feb. 28, 1882), 18, 340. Congregation of Rites, censuring "Christmas maner" 
(Jan. x6, 1677), 39, 247; appr. writings of Palafox (1760), 50, 380; appr. his 
beatification (1766), 380, 38 x; Inquisition, ord. that letters attributed to Palafox 
be burned (May 13, 1759), 380; annulling prohib. of his writings (Feb. 5, 1760), 
38a Commisary of Inquis. at Manila, decrees sent to N. Espafia (1573), 3, si8; 
censuring soldiers at Ternate for immorality (1633), a 4» 33°*» °rd- Corcuera to 
surrender a prisoner (Nov. 26, 1635), a 5, 240-244, 259-261; ord. arrest of And. 
adherents (Dec 13, x668), 37, S3! edicts of anathema, published, 281-283. P^-P*! 
delegate in Philippines, deciding question of alternativa (1636, and 1679), 42, 
185, 187; in Camacho controversy (1698), 28, 38-42, 77, 78, 88, xo3 (com pulsatory, 
34, 38); judge-conservator, in Guerrero controversy (1635), 35, 331, 334, 338- 
343, 250, 251, 259-265; heads of religious orders, their decrees confirmed by popes, 
5, 201; issued by Aug. gen., 13, 247, 34t 435, 436, 4a, 188, 293; by Dom. gen, 
30, 117, 2x0, 37, 75, 76, 91, 92, 50, 32. See also Archives and Libraries, Boob 
and MSS., Ecclesiastical estate: interdict, Inquisition, Papacy, Penalties, sod 
Bibliographical data in VOL. lul 

II. SECULAR DECREES, EDICTS, AND ORDERS 

By Spanish Government — 

Royal decrees: in gen., 10, 246, 248, ai, 71; a feature of this series, 1, 14; in- 
hibitory, 39, 224; executory, x6x; process of formation, 19, 96; passed on by 
Council of Indias, 7, 264, 8, 79, 50, 2x6; object, 11, 1x3; penalties provided in, 
10, 281 (see Penalties) ; sent in duplicate, 8, 301, 9, 227, 11, 96, 23, 35; dupli- 
cates or copies requested, 18, 3x1, 33, 21, 274; recorded in "Cedulario Indico" 
(q.v. under Books and MSS.) ; must be recorded in colonies, 6, 43, 7, 264, II, 40; 
recorded in book at Manila, 8, 185, 186, 194, II, 40, 20, 80; specially sent to roy. 
officials, 33, 149; should be submitted to gov., 5, 29; require his appr. to become 
effective, 5a, 151; sent from Manila to Macao, 8, 185, x86, 194; for India, must 
be issued by Council of Portugal, 18, 294. Ceremony of their reception, 9, 159, 
160, 256, 10, 137, 39, 206; publication, 34, 304; promulgated by viceroy of N. 
Espafia, 4, 304; proclaimed by heralds, 8, 3x8, 9, 256, 10, 280, 31, 93; publicly 



Decrees] index 265 

potted, aa, 220, 223, 226; translated into native dialects, 48, 35, s?» 301; execu- 
tion and enforcement, 5, 301, 9, 256, 10, 271, 45, 224; force, as laws, 36, 19, 300. 
Modified by India House, 14, 95; altered by viceroy, I a, 48; held back by him, 
ai, 55; suspended by him, 6, 289, 35, 190, 191; seized by Inquis., 37, 31; con- 
troversies over, in India, aa f 254; praised by ecc cabildo, a4, 258; Jes. complain 
of, so, 274; Fil. distrust, 51, 36. Observed and enforced, 7, 208, ao, 205, ai, 54, 
37, 262; delayed by gov., 3^, *5*J withheld by gov., 18, 309, ao, 199, 34, 25, 
300, 39, »34, 4*. 193. 44, 175? ineffective, or not enforced, 7, 7», 9, »5*. *<>, 89, 
90, ao, 97, 98, 5a, 152; misinterpreted by encomenderos, 7, 284, 285; oidors inter- 
pret to suit themselves, aa t 254, 34, 309; execution suspended, 10, 81, 23, 53, 54, 
59, *3» *9» 73, 36, 264, 266, 39. i*5» 251, 44, a6i, **2; evaded, 1, 6a, 63, ao, 117, 
120, 124. Disregarded or neglected, 1, 83, 6, 21, 192, 7, 200, 252, 256, 310, 8, 51, 
316, 9, 26% 318, 10, 81, 11, 245, 240, 272, 280, ia, hi, 146-148, 14, 153-155, 17. 
89-91, 18, 318, ai, 54, as, 53. *9» SO, 119, 124, 13*; by gov. and roy. officials, 10, 
148, 149, 18, 290, 19, 81, ao, 94-98, 164, 165, 168, 193, a9, 53, 35, 193, 44, 175, 
179; by abp., io, 78, 39. *94J by rel. as, 302, 304, a8, 214, 215, a9, 105, so, 170; 
by Mex. merchants, 47, 74; lost or concealed, aa, 274; disobeyed or violated, 5, 
a*9-*3*» 7. 80, 8, 80, 10, 145, 149, 202, 210, 291, ia, 111, 136, 139; by gov. and 
roy. officials, 1 8, 290, ao, 94, 4s, 97; by abp. Guerrero, as, 179, 281 (he promises 
obedience, 294, 295) ; by rel., ai, 100, 101, 24, 226, a6, 89, 118, 12$, 283, 28, 211, 
SO, 133; by encomenderos, 14, 153, 154; by Mex. traders, 47, 74; by Port officials, 
7, 79*' by Port traders, as, 136-139. Oppressing Moors, aa, 283 ; ord. thanksgiving 
for birth of prince (1630), 24, 188; liberating Valenzuela from exile (1686?), 4a, 
277; estab. aud. at Madrid (Jan. 20, 1834), 271; concer. Span, polit affairs, Si, 
36, 45, 285, 286, 292-296, 300 (see also Spain). Ord. maintenance of friendly re- 
lations with China (Apr. 9, 1586), 17, 319; id^ with Japan (1609), 16, 199, 17, 
319, 27, 113. Various mention of decrees by roy. councils, 7, 208, 9, 156-159, 14, 
82, 83, 90, 18, 114, "5, »93, 394, *95, *3, 45, 39, 161, 41, a«i, BO, 281. 

Discoveries, explorations, and conquests 9 , decrees in connection with treaty of 
Tordesillas (1494), 1, 118; confirming that treaty (July 2, 1495), 3, 123; rdg. 
Demarcation Line (1495), 125; ord. explorations, a, 36, 3, 128; concer. conquest of 
newly-discovered lands in Indias, 11, 236; ord. Villalobos to depart from Moluccas, 
128 ; rdg. Magalhaes's fleet, I, 254, 255, 33, 278 ; prescribing authority of gov. and 
Aud. for allowing conquests by private persons (Apr. I, 1580, May 25, 1596), 16, 
188; sanctioning Figueroa's exped. to Mindanao (June 11, 1594), 9, 182, is, 89, 90; 
ord. conquest of Ternate, 16, 241, 249; authorizing Molucca exped. (June 20, 1604), 
286-289; ord. despatch of S. Vizcaino to Phil. (Aug. 19, 1606) , 14, 183, 187; 
granting vessels for Medina's exploration in Pacific (ca. 1662), 37, 228; confirm- 
ing name of "Philippine Islands/' ia, 179. 

Colonies: relations between, 30, 73; harmony between their gov., 6, 70; estab. 
tribunals of exchq. in Amer. colon. (Aug. 24, 1605), 27, 232-235, 238, 240-243; 
rdg. accts. of colon, govts. (Aug. 17, 1609), 17, 178; id. (1595-1637), 27, 228- 
252; prohib. transfer of money from one colony to another, 4s, 115; calling for 
rep. rdg. welfare of colonies (June 17, 1814), si, 286; admin, of colon, (see Coun- 
cil of Indias; also Colonies and colonization) ; suppressing Council of Indias (Mar. 
24, 1834), si, 293, 5a, 32; abolishing Council of Espana and Indias (Sept 28, 
1836), 17, 303, si, 296; creating consulting committee for colon, admin. (Oct 
24, 1838), 69, 70; creating colon. Council of admin. (1861), 17, 334, 335; estab. 
ministry of colon, (de Ultramar ; May 20, 1863), 5a, 84; concer. representation of 
colon, in Span. Cortes (Feb. 14, 1810), 17, 300, 51, 31. Mexico -settlement of 



266 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

Monterey (Aug. 19, 1606, Sept. 27, 1608, May 3, 1609), *4 t *70-*77J viceroys 
mutt not change apptmt to certain offices in Phil. (ca. 1664), 37, 228, 230; im- 
port of Chin, goods into N. Espafia (Nov. 20, 1606), 27, 200 (tee also Commerce: 
Manila- Acapulco trade), india (while under Span, rule) -Fil. colony ord. to 
aid (1581-84), 6, 70, 8, 191-193. **, 4*> l6 » 229, 37, 1x7; forbid. Port, to go 
to China and Luzon (1586?), 7, 79. macao (under Span, rule) -ord. deport 
of Castilians thence (1588), 80; to be aided by Phil, colony (Dec 20, 1623), 27, 
117. Moluccas (q.v. under Islands) - to be aided by Phil, colony (1584), 6, 
70; annexed to Phil. (Oct 29, 1607), 27, 99; ord. liberation of Ternatan king 
(Nov. 10, 1626), 1x3. chile -rdg. its natives, 9, 157. Philippine is. (q.v. under 
gen. caption) -forbid. Port, to go thither, 3, 2x5; ord. that colony be aided from 
N. Espafia (1575, 1577), 2x1, 282, 4, 94J W. (May 25, 1607), 16, X75; exempt- 
ing its people from paying duties for thirty years, 4, 88, 107; ord. gov. to send 
rep. on islands and their people (1581), 3x5; forbid departure of any one with- 
out permis. of govt (Mar. 2, 1582), 308, 309, 3x9; ord. viceroy to send horses 
and cattle to Phil. (1589), 7, 156, 9/236; rdg. despatch of colon, thither (1589), 
7, 155; id. (1602), 11, 264, 286, 289, 290; immig. must give bonds for residence 
(Dec. 31, 1604), 17, 39; married men must provide for their wives (Nov. 12, 1611), 
*5> 23; pilots from Spain may leave wives behind (Dec 12, 16x9), 25, 26; rdg. 
location of Japan and Phil. (Feb. 22, 1632), 4, 145; restricting emig. from (Feb. 
x6, 1635), 35, 45, 26, 284; rdg. Frenchmen therein (June 28, 1635), a6 > *7*i 
rdg. despatch of colon. (Oct 3, 1639), a 9> z 9°> I 9 I J "*• (Sept x8, 1645), 35, 
196-198; prohib. polit. changes (ca. 1836), 51, 63; organizing civil admin, of 
prov. (July 9, i860), 17, 306, 307; extending Span, civil code to Phil. (1889), 

5*, X75- 

Grants and encomiendas: concessions to traders going to Spice Is. (1522, 1525), 
3, 26, 27; titles and privileges to Legazpi (Aug. 6, 14, 1569), 34, 238-248; con- 
firming his titles, 3» 27, 62-66, 3x5; ord. rewards to various persons, 3, 50, 4, 81, 
95» 96, 7t xi6-xi8, 120, 149-151, 18, 128, 22, 241, 37, 24; grant of money to 
Salazar (Apr. 12, 1590), 7, 197, 205-207, 320; allowing special privileges on gall., 
39, 227. Allotting encom. to crown, 6, 237, 7, 116-118; how allotted to others, 
285-287, 11, 97, 276, 16, 157, 158, 30, 98, 99; may not be granted by oidors, 22, 
64; roy. officials may not hold (Apr. 25, 1574), 3, 304, 305, 4, 85, 1x4; ord. rep. 
on encom. (Feb. x6, 1592), 11, 96, 13, 131; encom. may not be resigned for benefit 
of another person, 11, 97, 272; encomenderos may not leave their grants (1596), 
9> 253, 26, 147-149; prescribing tenure of encom., 14, 153, 154; id. (June 4, 1620), 
16, 158; extending tenure (Feb. 24, 1622), 33, 80, 215, 145-147; ord. that small 
encom. be united (1596), 9, 238, 239; ord. that grants and encom. be given to 
worthy persons (1596), 232-234, 238, 255; id., to actual cultivators, 237; requiring 
confirmation of grants (16x2-30), 33, 2x9, 220, 242, 243, 214, 289. Limiting no. 
of Ind. in encom. (Feb. 22, 1512), 34» 236; protecting natives from oppression by 
encomenderos (Mar. 27, 1583), 50, 163; admin, of encom., and reduction of 
natives into vill. (1596), 9, 239; claims against encom. (June 25, 1626), 33, 220, 
223 (see also Pensions) ; allowing Silva absence from his encom. (Oct 2, 1627), 
33, 79-82; regul. incomes of encom. (Feb. x, 1636), 35, 145-147, 53, 342. Encom. 
granted by way of salary (Dec. 16, 1608), 47, 142; set aside for paying expenses 
of Aud., 14, 162. See also Alms, Encomiendas, the various rel. orders, Manila: 
Misericordia, and hospitals (also below, Decrees, by Phil, govt., under Lands, etc). 

Governors, Audiencia, etc.: apptg. gov., 3, 180, 17, 286-297; removing Blanco 



Decrees] INDEX 267 

(1896) , 311; ord. investigation of Bustamante's death (1720, 1724) 9 295; rdg. 
collec of sums due from gov. to crown, 4, 3x5, 8, 306, II, 312-315; granting re- 
ward to Lavezaris (1572?), 3, 276; empowering Dasmarifias to name hit succes- 
sor, 15, 72, 73, 16, 262, 19, 194; authority and prerogatives of gov. (May 5, 
1583), 16, 145; increasing these (Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 168; ord. him not to hinder 
proper functions of roy. officials, 11, 277; ia\ to follow their majority opinion, 
*3, 33-35J *<Ig- viceroys (June 19, 16x4), applied to gov., *3, 44, 35, i9»i 19* 5 
ord. gov. to take residencia of his predecessor (Dec 4, 1630), 18, 319, 34, 323; 
censuring Vargas and oidors for banishing Pardo (1686?), 39, 268, 42, 273- 
275; condemning Anda (1775-76), 50, 46. Providing for filling vacancy in office 
of gov. 14, 166, 17, 302, 313, 33, 222, 49, 146, 51, 311 ; author, viceroy N. Espafia 
to appt gov. ad interim for Phil. (Sept. 13, 1608), 17, 313; ord. And. to gov. in 
such case (Apr. 2, 1664), 314, 37, 29; supporting rights and jurisd. of roy. govt, 
34, 318. 37. 4*. 

Founding Audienda at Manila (Mar. 5, 1583), 5, 274, 37, 122, 230, 231; 
suppressing it (Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 208, 27, 122; ord. that suits before sup- 
pressed Aud. be concluded in Mex. courts (1589), 7, 208; providing for trial of 
suits by gov. (Aug. 21, 1589), and restricting appeals to Mex. Aud. (Jan. 15, 
I593)t *, »99, 3"-3i*t 3*o; reestab. Aud. (Nov. 26, 1595, May 25, 1596), 9, H5, 
189-192, 257, 328, 17, 288, 37, X22, 123; prescribing author, and jurisd. of gov. 
and Aud. (May 5, 1583, May 25, 1596, Nov. 4, 1603, etc.), 16, 145, 17, 91, 99, 

18, 271, 272, aa, 246-248, 257, 34, 309, 3x4, 50, 50; subordinate to that of Mex., 
33» 63; providing for salaries (May 10, 1583), 37, 122; forbid, gov. and oidors 
to trade, 10, 148; ord. that prov. be regularly visited by oidors (Dec. z, 1586), 
7, 58, xi, 1x3, 275, 276; ord. Aud. to audit sects, of roy. officials (May 15, 1596, 
Jan. 25, 1605), 16, 193; limiting its author, in residencia suits (June 23, 1608), 
189; appeal to Aud. in cases of fuerza (Feb. x8, 1588), 7, 246-250 (see also Ec- 
clesiastical affairs: fuerza); requiring Aud. to confer with treas. officials rdg. in- 
crease of expenditures, 18, 245; id., to make grants conditional on assent of roy. 
council (June, 1619), 246; suits before Aud. (Nov. 25, 1645), 36, 79; reforming 
Manila Aud. (July 9, i860), 17, 306, 307. 

Various, regarding oidors, sending Davalos to Philippines (1583?), 6, 56; 
appointing Morga lieutenant-general to governor (Aug. x8, 1593), 9, 156-160, 
13, 224; relieving Ribera (1604?), x 3, 3", 312; rdg. affairs of Alca- 
raz (1616) , 18, 47; making provision for temporary lack of oidors, 27, 28; re- 
storing Pabon to office (Apr. 15, 1713), 44, 148; annulling suit against Villa and 
the Tagles (Aug. x8, 1718), 150; releasing Velasco (1720?), 195; fining Villa- 
corta and Viana (July 18, 1762), 49, 307; duties of fiscal (May 4, 16x9, Mar. 
25, 1633). *5, 24, 32, 33; bis authority (Aug. 26, 1633). *7, 48. 

Administration of justice (Aug., 1589), 8,312; id. (Jan., 1593), 9, 157; settle dis- 
putes outside of courts (1589), 7, 158; appeals to roy. councils, 5, 276; ord. enforce- 
ment of judicial condemnations to exile in Phil. (Feb. 20, 1596, Apr. 29, 1605, Jan. 
27, 1631), 17, 35, 39, 40; jurisd. of matters concer. sold. (Nov. 17, 16x7), 18, 269; 
providing for ale-may. of Phil. (May 31, 1837), 51, 297; rdg. "contentious court" 
(July 4, x86x, June 3, x866, Feb. 7, 1869), 45, 327, 328; reform of courts (Mar. 

19, 1875), 328. See also Legal and judicial, Officials: governors, and oidors, and 
Philippine Islands: Audienda. 

Administration: granting reforms demanded by Ortega (1594?), 9, xxx; call- 
ing for revision of ordinances (Dec. 4, 23, 1760, Jan. 17, 1797), 50, 127, 227, 
328; abol. naval bureau (18x5), 51, 38; rdg. intendancy (1824, 1830, 1839), 49, 



268 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

54, 52, 77; author, insular budget for current year, 157; estab. council of admin, 
for gov. (July 4, 1861), 45, 327; revising tariff (1891), 52, 218; ord. gov. to tend 
funds to N. Espafia (1575), 3, 28a; ord. annual rep. on treas. affairs (June 4, 
157a), 280, 4, 85; granting to Phil, treas. the proceeds of freight charges (1590?), 
7, 88; locating treas. offices in Aud. building, 13, 309; ord. viceroy to send pro- 
ceeds of duties at Acapulco to Manila (1595), 9, 230; ord. investigation of Manila 
treas. accts. (May 27, 1596), 155, 156, 11, ioz; ord. gov. to check certain ex- 
penses (1597?), 88; providing for situado from N. Espafia, 16, 191; ord. treas. 
officials to observe laws (id.) t 11, 37, 38; forbid, them to pay warrants without 
ord. from gov., 22, 257, 258; forbid, all unnecessary expenses (Dec 10, 1618), 
24, 201; all extraordinary expenses must be authorized by them and Aud^ 35, 
x 9*» 193; rdg* their duties at port of Cavite, (1626?), 22, 255, 2$6\ rdg. treat, 
affairs (1632, 1633), 24, 307; questions of expense must be referred to fiscal 
(Aug. 26, 1632), 3x8; guarding property of deceased persons (Dec. 13, 16x6), 
27, 138; id. (Dec 13, 1620), 18, 36, 23, 44; id. (1671), 5*, 34*>- Treae. accts. 
to be audited by Audiencia, 5, 295; procedure therein (Jan. 25, 1605), -*7» *3 Z * 
232; ord. inspection of colon, treas. and accts. (Aug. 17, 1609, Oct 19, 1719), 17, 
178, 22, 75; estab. tribunals of accts. (Aug. 24, 1605, May x6, 1609), 27, 232- 
*35» 2 3 8 » 240-243; payment of warrants on roy. treas. (Apr. x6, 1636, June 16, 
X638), 26, 19-21, 28, 15X. Regarding roy. impost on gold, 4, 87, 97; id. (1572), 3i 
278; id. (Aug. X2, 1578), 27, 79; commuting roy. fifth to tenth (ca. 1598), 18, 306; 
concer. proceeds of crusade bulls (1592?), xi, 105, 106; increasing trib., and ap- 
plication of this increase (Aug. 1589, Feb. x6, 1602), 16, x6o, x£x; superviskm 
of fund of "fourths" (June 4, 1620), x6x, 162; payment of mesadas (1625, 1626), 
22, 150, 223, 226; ord. rep. on collec of trib. (1626?), 261; prompt repayment of 
loans to crown (Feb. 29, 1636), 27, 141; govt monopoly of playing cards (1552, 
Feb. 5, 1730, Nov. 28, 1734), 16, 168, 24, 192, 50, xo8; ord. estab. of tobacco 
monopoly (Feb. 9, 1780), 17, 334. 50, 53-55, appr. gov. decree (May X5, X784); 
appr. gunpowder monopoly (Nov. 4, 1786), 17, 299; appr. estab. of custom-house 
at Zamboanga (Jan. 23, 1833), 51, 56; abol. tobacco monopoly (1881-82), 17, 
3x0, 334, 52, 120; decreasing personal services of Ind. (1883), abol. trib., and im- 
posing cidula personal (1884), 17, 3x0; extending land-mortgage law to PhiL 
(1889), 52, 297; providing for settlement of land-titles (1894), 2 9 6 - Providing 
for coinage of small moneys (Dec. 19, 1769), 50, 28; ord. estab. of mint at 
Manila (Apr. 6, 1828, Feb. 17, 1831), 51, 54; rdg. values of money (1836), 64; 
founding Span.-Fil. bank (Aug. x, 1851), 17, 305, 52, 208; ord. new silver peso 
for Phil. (Apr. 17, 1897), 147. See also Exchequer, taxes, revenue, etc, and 
Philippine Is.: administration. 

Offices and salaries: apptg. officers and sal. for Magalhaes's fleet (15x9), I, 254, 
255; ordinances for officials at Vera Cruz (1573?), 3, 2x8; filling vacancies in 
crown offices (Dec. 1, 1573), 278; rdg. office of roy. treas. of Phil. (Mar. 27, 
1591), ii, xox, 34, 365; ord. gov. not to allow increase of offices, 11, 89; these 
shall be given to citizens only, 1x4, 1x5, 240, 276 (and forbid, nepotism; also 18, 
z 75i *9» 67) \ require roy. confirmation (Mar. 17, 1608, Feb. 8, 1610), 22, 222, 
*7t x 43 ( wc *1*° above, Grants and encomiendas) ; estab. office of lieut-gen. 
( z 593)> *5> 76» a PPtg* therein Morga, and his instructions (1596), 9, 156-159; 
apptmt of officers of gall, (before 1600), 11, 1x5, 116; ord. that their reaidenda 
must precede other apptmts. (1604), 18, 299; others, rdg. residencia, 16, 167, 
18, 175, 22, 63; ord. that citizens be rewarded with offices (1605), 18, 291; for- 



Decrees] index 269 

bid. office* to be given to encomenderos, 14, X55; rdg. ipptmt. of regidors for 
Manila, 11, 100, 373, 1 6, 167; tpptmt to Phil, offices in hand of oidort (Dec. 
id, 1610), 20, 138, 139; citizens preferred before Peninsulars (Dec 12, 16x0), 
II, 114, 20, 138; apptg. Silva and others (16x6?), 18, 43, 44, 258; (special) auth- 
or, gov. to make apptmts., 127; ord. that auditors of accts. be apptd. by king (Nov. 
17, 1620), 27, 246; ord. investigation of mode of life of officials' wives (June 8, 
1621), 30, 259; ord. rep. on offices, sal., etc (Jan. 20, 1625), 22, 2x7; regidors 
espec recommended (1636), 27, 144; apptmt of treas. clerks (before 1630), 23, 
45; collec of fees by officials (May 25, 1596), 18, 3x8, 3x9; forbid, them to ap- 
propriate rice from Ind. trib. (Dec 19, x6x8), 18, 261; permit high officials to 
carry their personal property between N. Espafia and Peru (Oct 5, 1626), 25, 
31; allowing Span, officials to trade in their prov. (July 17, 1751), 50, 250; papers 
of deceased official-elect must be given to Aud. (Apr. 5, 1765), 226, 227; estab. 
post of quartermaster-gen. (July, 1784), 56; permit election of heads of barangay 
(Oct 17, X785), 17, 327, 334. 335J •*!« of offices (1581), 7, 1x5, 1x6; id. (Aug. 

19, 1586), 58, 59, 85, 1x4; id. (1626?), 14, 160, 22, 260, 261; ord. rep. thereon, 
II, X04, X05, 12, 130, 27, 247; proprietary offices also must be sold (Nov. 29, 
16x6, Dec 19, x6x8), 22, 71, 72; penalties for failure to pay for offices (June 8, 
1621), 24, 3x6; sale of magistracies (Feb. 29, 1636), 27, 145; must be sold only 
to colon., or descendants of conquistadors (June 3, 1620), 144; sale of, prohib., 

20, 2x7; renunciations and resignations (1581), 7, 1x5; id. (Feb., 1592), 12, 
130, 14, 160; id. (Dec. 2i, 1634), 26, 278; proprietary, may not be resigned (1616- 
18), 22, 71, 72; concer. trading by ale-may. (July 10, 1530, Apr. 29, 1549, July 
17, 1751, Sept xo and Oct. 30, 1844), 28, 297, 50, 250; freeing them from resi- 
dencia (Aug. 24, 1799), 5i> 2x2; regul. for that office (Dec 1760), 50, 288; id. 
(Mar. 31, 1837), 28, 299; restricting its functions (Feb. 26, 1886), 52, 307; rdg. 
courts of alc-in-ord. (June 19, 1626), 22, 1x3, 1x4; concer. sal. of officials (Feb. 
16, X592), 12, 131; id. (Nov. 22, X636), 26, 147; id. (Feb. 22, X724), 28, xxo; 
pay of mil. officers on gall. (Dec. 14, 1630), 27, 132; payment of wages due to 
workmen (Jan. 17, 1593), 8, 308; sal. of shoremaster at Cavite (Apr. 22, 1608), 
27, 132. See also Offices and officials, and Salaries. 

Provincial, municipal, and local affairs : concer. inspection of prov., 5, 289 ; provin. 
and munic budgets (Jan. x6, 1891), 46, 255, 256; allowing Span, to reside in prov. 
(Aug. 4, 1765), 50, 159; concer. provin. gov. (Dec xo, 1839), 52, 104. Estab. 
boundaries of Manila (ca. 1574), 4, 93, 107, 11, 90; bestowing titles on city 
(June 21, 1574), 3t mi, 250, 251, 3x7, 7, 31, 16, 136, 27, 77; conferring on it office 
of corredor de Ion) a (same date), 3, 251, 252; granting it pecuniary aid (Aug. 
9, 1589, etc), 7, 146, 147, 9, 230, 231, 16, 167, 168; granting it coat-of-arms (Mar. 
20, 1596), 9, 209, 211-215, 327, 16, 136, 27, 78; id., privileges of capital cities, 
(Nov. X9, X595), 9, 78; prescribing its jurisd. (May 5, X583, etc), 78, 16, 144, 
145; conferring magistracies on its regidors (ca. 1574), 4, 92; ord. investigation of 
disposal of card taxes (ca. 1600), 11, 102; removing free negroes from Manila 
(1638), 29, X02-X04; ord. city to compensate procurator for his services (Aug 14, 
1636), 27, 45-47; id. (Mar. 29, X639), 29, 179-181; conferring title of city on 
Ccbii (1595), 9, xx6; restricting use of municipal funds for festival occasions 
(1829?), 51, 49, 50; rdg. sessions of ayuntamientos (Aug. 28, 1862), 46, 139; re- 
forming munic govts, in Phil. Is., and granting partial local autonomy (Maura 
law -May 19, 1893), 109, xxo, 327, 52, 153, 154. Concer. etiquette and precedence, 
7, 245, 246, 13, 227, 18, 3x8, 24, 203, 25, 269; fixing price of book (1698), 42, 
243; sumptuary, as to use of hats and cloaks (1765), 50, 285; regul. measure, 



rjo the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
quality, and prices of building materials (ca. 1628), 33, 247; prescribing standards 
for weights and measures, 47, 184, 185; restricting ostentation at funerals, 42, 
312; rdg. morals of subjects (June 28, 1635), 36, 271; ord. seclusion of vagrant 
and dissolute (Nov. 15, 1777), 50, 50; providing rules for Manila hospice for poor 
(Dec. 27, 1806), 51, 283, 284; abol. gallows in capital punishment (Apr. 24, 
1832), 51, 56, 57. 

Military and naval affairs: maintenance of sold. (1580?), 5, 244; they most 
provide for their families, 246; providing for their pay (Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 161, 
162; regul. their pay, and apptmts., and pay of officers (June n, 1594, Jan. 30, 
1631), 10, 174; forbid, military men to trade (1589, 1593, 1606), 9, 268, 16, 
174, 176; rdg. sold, and artillerists sent to Phil. (ca. 1600), xi, 117; forbid. Mex. 
captains to go to Phil. (Feb. x6, 1602), 16, 175; forbid, despatch thither of mes- 
tizos and mulattoes (Aug. 30, 1608), 175; ord. gov. to reward sold. (July 23, 
1605), 172; fixing jurisd. over all sold. (Nov. 17, 16x7), 18, 269; ord. sold, and 
sailors to be sent to Phil, from Mex. (Mar. 10, 1634), 35, 39, 40; allowing gov. 
to buy mil. supplies in Macao (Feb. 4, 1608), 37, xxx, 112; abol. excessive pun- 
ishment in army, and sale of mil. offices (1627), 33, 149; flour may not be car- 
ried to Phil, on roy. acct (May 23, 1620), 35, 26; mil. offices as reward for service 
(Feb. 29, 1636), 37, 142; fixing term of mil. service in Phil. (July 26, 1836), 53, 
xo8; reducing mil. forces there (1837), 51, 63, 64; ord. rep. on defenses of 
Manila (Aug. 27, 1586), 7, 59; sending engineer to build forts there (Sept 12, 
*S*9)t 34> 406* 407; forbid, erection of building near city wall (Mar. 6, 1608), 
31, 87, 88; confirming allowances made to city of Manila for its fortif. (Sept 
9» 1634), 35, 41-43; ord. that abandonment of Mindanao forts be investigated 
and punished (1599?), xi, 238; ord. repair of fortif. at Cavite (before 1700), 
44, 129; ord. rebuilding and occupation of fort at Zamboanga,* 36, 222, 41, 
314; reg. reinforcement of garrison at Ternate (Nov. 5, 1635), 3 4» 33*> *5» 
46, 47, 37, 42; convicts may not be sent thither (1635), 34, 332; jurisd. of Ter- 
nate forts (Apr. 24, 1659), 36, 73; mil. exped. in Phil, must be properly author. 
(June 22, 1599), 13, 42; giving ord. for Acuna's exped. to Moluccas (June 20, 
1604), 16, 286-289; for Silva's against Dutch (1614?), 19, 2x0; forbid, traders 
to take ships and men from Manila, 35, 29, 30; ord. rep. on naval offices (Dec 
1630), 34, 208; ord. expulsion of Dutch from Formosa (Jan. 30, 1635), 36, 278; 
ord. gov. to check Moro piracies (Feb. x6, 1635), 285, 37, 346; granting money 
to build vessels for that purpose (Jan. 27, 1776), 50, 46; ord. estab. of naval 
bureau at Manila (Sept 27, 1800), 73; ord. its abol. (Mar. 23, 18x5), 51, 38; 
reducing mil. forces in Phil. (1836?), 63; appr. formation of mil. library at 
Manila (Feb. 15, 1846), 17, 304. 

Ships and shipbuilding: prescribing size, etc, of Acapulco gall. (Jan. xx, 1593), 
17, 31, 36, 288; id., its mil. force (June 15, 1599, etc.), which must be effective 
Aug. x6, 1599, Dec. 31, 1604), 17, 36-38, 45; must not be deprived of artillery, 
etc (July 5, x6ox), 37; arming of ships and men (Apr. 22, 1608), 48; equip- 
ment (Feb. 2i, 1635), 36, 286; location of fireplaces (May 19, 1620), 35, 27; 
orders for time of sailing (16x4?, 1620-22, 1633-35), l8 > *9°i 3 °» *34» sx8, 34, 
318, 319, 35, 33*37» *6> «8a Regul. lading of gall., 17, 38, X75 (Dec 31, X604), 
36, 273 (May 4, 1635); storage of cargo (Apr. 22, 1608), 17, 48; baggage of 

• According to Torrubia (Disertacion, p. 05), these decrees were dated Dec. 30, 
1666; 1672; 1712; etc. 



Decrees] index 271 

tailors limited, 48, 49; accommodations for officers (May 19, 1620), 35, 27, 37, 
175; slave women may not be carried (Apr. 22, 1608), 17, 49; freight and pas- 
senger charges, how regul. (Dec 31, 1604), 40; applying freight charges to pay- 
ment of sailors (1590?), 7, 88. 

Officers of gall., how apptd. (June 14, 1583, June 15, 1599, Dec. 31, 1604, Feb. 
5, 1635, etc), 13, 48, 49, 17, 28, 36, 35, 36; must furnish bonds and residencia 
(Dec 31, 1604, etc.), 17, 39; must be accountable for proper treatment of Ind. 
deckhands (May 19, 1620), 35, 28; must be punished for extortion, 29, 34, 35 
(Sept 30, 1633) S ma y not share in trade, 17, 39, 40 (Dec 31, 1604, etc), 25* 37 
(May 23, 1620); commanders of gall. (Mar. 4, 1635), 36, 272; ord. apptmt of 
accountants for gall., 17, 36 (June 5, 1599)9 37, 131 (Dec 31, 1604), 35, 37 (May 
33, 1620) ; pilots, how apptd., 13, 48, 49; must be experienced and duly examined 
(Dec 31, 1603), 17, 37- 

Sailors, must be effective (May 29, 1620), 35, 27; protecting those of foreign 
birth (Oct 13, 1619), 35, 24, 25; protecting Ind. deckhands (May 19, 1620), 28; 
punishing extortion from sailors (Sept. 30, 1633), 34, 35; allowing seamen a share 
in trade, 38, 39; providing for jurisd. over seamen of gall, while at Acapulco 
(Dec 8, 1638), 39, 112, Z13. 

Private persons may not take ships or men away from Manila (Dec 
31, 1622), 35, 29, 30; ord. gov. to send pilots to meet fleet from Spain (16x6), 
18, 44; prohib. foreign ships from landing at Phil, ports (1765?), 48, 3x0, 
50, 27; Span, ships allowed to enter Brit ports (Apr. 5, 1829), 51, 55; re- 
garding way station on California coast (Aug. 19, 1606), 14, 270-277; ord. gal- 
leys to be built (1601?), 267; ord. size of gall, to be diminished, 267; ord. con- 
veyance of cordage to N. Espafia, 35, 48; shipyards must be kept well supplied 
(Feb. ax, 1635), 35, 26; ord. transfer of San Bias yards to Cavite (Sept 24, 1796), 
5<>» 7°> 7>* See also below, Commerce, and (under gen. caption) Ships. 

Commerce: creating India House of Trade (Jan. 14, 1503), 53, 325; removing 
it to C*diz (1717), 325; removing India custom-house, and lading-place for gall., 
from Cadiz (Jan. 25, 1661) , 44, 299; rdg. clove trade (Feb. 16, 1602, Nov. 17, 
1607), 37, 100; prohib. com. with Dutch, 47, 232; forbid, export of money 
from Span, domains, and trade with pirates, 6, 6x ; rdg. privileges of artillerists in 
Span, trade with Indias (Dec 6, 1624), 35, 30; forbid, relig. persons to trade 
(June 22, 1670), 38, 75; prohib. Chin, fabrics in Spain (June 20, 17x8), 44, 257, 
258; prohib. trade between Span, and Port colon, (before 1590), 7, 79, 199, 200; 
id. (Dec x8, 1607), 14, 2x5, 2x6, 34, 3x2, 35, xxx, 112, 120, 131-142 ; Port, as 
vassals of Spain, may not trade in China (1593), 137-143; foreigners forbidden 
to trade in Phil., 131; forbid. Port from trading in Phil. (Nov. 10, 1634), 35, 
43, 44, 131-137; id. (May 4, 1635), 26, 274; authorizing trade between Manila 
and Macao (ca. 1672?), 43, 151; authorizing trade of Phil, citizens with Asiatic 
countries (1582), 8, xoo, 191; granting them exclusive trade with other colon, in 
Chin, goods (i59<>)» 7, *53> ^62-264, IO, 145, 13, 57-75, l6, X77; forbid. Span, 
subjects to go to China, and ord. that Chin, goods be carried to Manila by Chin, 
merchants (Jan. xx, X593), 1, 62, 14, 222, 17, 3*» *5, i37-*43» *7, ««, 44» »7*, 
48, 3x0; rdg. Phil, trade with China (1596), 9, 254; permit trade with China 
and Japan to Phil, citizens, but Jap. may not go to Phil. Is. (July 25, 1609), 17, 
50, 37, in; authorizing method of purchasing Chin, goods, called pancada (Aug. 
9, X689, Jan. xx, X593, June xx, X595, Jan. 25, X596), 7, »37-*40, X54, 8, 303, 
304, 9, »34, 10, 196, 289, 17, 28, 32, 33, X51, X52, 44, 302; providing an inspector 
for Chin, trading ships (Aug. 5, 1620), 35, 35; allowing to Amer. colon, the 



272 the Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
trade in Chin, goods (Apr. 14, 1579), *7, 158; prohib. Chin, goods in N. Espafia 
(June 19, 1586), 6, 281-283; prohib. Chin. mdse. in Peru and Tierra Firme (Nor. 
ii, 1587, Feb. 13, June 13, 1599), 1, 62, 27, 158; prohib. com. of Phil, with Pen 
(Feb. 6, 1 591), I, 62, 8, 310, 17, 29, 27, 158; forbid. Chin, goods to all colon. 
save N. Espafia and Phil. (Jan., 1593, July 5, 1595, Feb. 10, 1635), 8> 3>o» *7» 
29 (see following, Manila-Acapulco trade); id. (Feb. -/c. Jan.? iz, 1593), 
8, 316-318; prohib. trade among Amer. colon., and Chin, goods therein (Jan. 11, 
1593, Dec. 30, 1604, and 1634-36), ia, 47, *7, 33, 41-45, 3<> 9 98; rdg. import of 
Chin, goods into N. Espafia (Feb. 16, 1602, Nov. 20, 1606), 27, 200, 903; forbid, 
import, of China silks therein (Jan. 8, 1718; but revoked in 1734), I, 66, 44, 
257, 260-263; granting Peru trade with Mex. (1602?), 17, 44, 27, 165, 30, 77, 
78; forbid. Peruvian ships from going to Acapulco (Oct 20, 1621), 25, 29; sus- 
pending permission for trade (Nov. 23, 1634), 3<>, 69, 70, 98, 44, 260; informs- 
tory decree to Palafox on this subject (Feb. 14, 1640), 30, 97-101; prohib. raised 
(Jan. ao, 1774), 17, 33, *5, 30. 

Manila-Acapulco trade — Phil, citizens only may conduct trade with N. 
Espafia, limited to 250,000 pesos a year, with returns of 500,000 (Jan. 11, 
1593, July 5, 1595), x. 6** «, *97, 3»*-3«8, 3*o, 9, ^9, M, 46-48, 51, 316, 
318, 13, 256-267, 16, 163, 177, 17, 30-32, *7, 159, 45, 69, 76; allowing 
representatives of Phil, citizens to go with their mdse. to Mexico (same decree), 
17, 30, 213, 49, 24, 195, 196; mdse. carried to N. Espafia must be consumed 
there or in Spain, 12, 47, 17, 33; further regulations (Dec 31, 1604), 13, 256- 
267, 318, 14, 140-148, 17, 34, 30, 57; ord. enforcement of decree of 1593 (Mar. 
35, 1633), 214, 195, 196; approving and extending it (Feb. 16, Mar. 25, 1635), 
217, 160; ord. rep. on this trade (Dec. 8, 1638, Feb. 14, 1640), 219, 110-112, 30, 
8x-97; gen. mention of decrees on it, 23-26, 65; allotment of space on gall., how 
made, 17, 33 (Jan. 11, 1593), *7, 159, 44, 303 (1604), *5, H-»7i 39 (1619-20), 
39, 40 (Mar. 10, 1634), 219, 113-115 (Dec 8, 1638) ; officers and men of galL 
may not share in trade (1604), 37, 175 (see also above, under Ships) ; money of 
colon, and seamen may be carried outside of registry (Aug. 19, 1606, Nov. ao, 
1608), 17, 46, 50, 217, 162; appraisements and registration of mdse. II, 104; 
id. (June 14, 1583), I 7, *8; id. (Dec 6, 1624, June 4, 1627), 25, 31, 32; id. 
(Sept 30, 1640), 30, 92; inspection of gall, at Manila, 17, 31, 32 (Jan. 11, 1593), 
25, 33 (May 4, 1619, Mar. 25, 1633) ; at Acapulco and Mexico (Dec 31, 1604, 
Jan. 25, 1605), 17, 37, 38, 4 X -45J id. (Sept 16, 1639), 39, 186-189; reward for 
denunciation of contraband goods (Mar. 31, 1633), ?5, 33! f dg. smuggling by 
officials (Sept 15, 1633), 34, 212; ord. viceroy of N. Espafia to send to Spain 
copies of gall, registers (Jan. 17, 1593, June 5, 1596), 17, 35; he and gov. of 
Phil, must make reports to each other (Aug. 9, 1606), 47; free exportation of 
native products of Phil, (before 1609), 14, 325; favoring Manila in kinds of 
mdse. allowed her (1638, Sept 3, 1639), 44, 297, 45, 88; rdg. illegal shipments 
of silver from Acapulco to Phil. (ca. 1600), II, 118; contents of returns allowed 
from Acapulco trade, 37, 161 (Aug. 19, 1606), 30, 60; penalties for sending 
to Phil, more silver than is permitted (Jan. 30, 1635), a 5, 35, 36; smuggled Chin, 
goods shall be sent to India House (Apr. 18, 1617, July 30, 1627), 32, 217, 16a; 
providing relief to undeserved confiscation of goods (Oct 9, 1623), 215, 30; 
ord. Palafox to hear claims of Manila citizens (Feb. 14, 1640), 30, 102-109; ord. 
merchants of Manila to repay confiscated funds sent illegally from Mexico (1678), 
47, 74; rdg. frauds in the trade (May 27, 1710), 44, 246; ord. new plan for 



tecrees] INDEX 273 

Manila- Acapulco trade (Aug. la, 1702, which increased the permission to 300,000 
pesos), 231-240, 349, 251, 360, 364, 365, 45, 58, 59; above somewhat modified 
(Dec 13, 1713), 44, 338, 363, 45, 56, 58; ord. collec of data rdg. that trade (Mar. 
3, 1715), 44, 353; another regul. (Oct. 37, 1730), 366-371, 373, 375, 379, 381, 386, 
387, 391, 393, 395, 301, 305-3<>7» 45, 43, 44* 69; referring memorial by Manila to 
Cadiz consulate (July 13, 1733), 44, 391; another regul. (June 17, 1734), 306, 
45, 5*, *»; another (Jury 33, Sept. 15, Oct 31, 1736), 44, 3x0-313, 45, 39, 37, 
4 1 , 53-55, *4» foal plan adopted (Apr. 8, 1734; permission increased to 500,000 
pesos), I, 66, 17, 396, 45, 40, 57-*o, 63, 76, 78; estab. "Co. of Philipinas" (Mar. 
39, 1733), 45, 46; forbid, export of sugar from Phil., 47, 358; founding "Co. oi 
Filipinas" (Mar. 10, 1785), 1, 67, 17, 30; allowing it a limited trade in S. Amer- 
ica (July so, 1793; enlarged Sept 34, 1796), 30, 31; making Manila an open 
port for all but European products (Aug. 15, 1789), 17, 300; granting that 00. 
exclusive Asian trade (July 13, 1803; abol. Oct to, 1830), 5a, 357; suppressing 
Acapulco gall. (Sept 14, 1813), 51, 384-386; allowing free trade in ports of Span, 
empire for PhiL products (Apr. 33, 18x5), 386; promoting com. of Phil. Is. with 
Spain* (Jan. 10, i8ao), 3x5, 357; permit export of opium from PhiL (Apr. 6, 
1838), 54; creating roy. tribunal of commerce at Manila, 17, 303; dissolving Co. 
of Filipinas (Sept 6, 1834; executed in PhiL Oct 13, 1835), 3°3; promoting trade 
of Span, with Fil. natives (Aug. 4, 1765), 50, xx8. 

Duties, ord. Aud. to decide as to collec of three per cent duty (May 10, 1583), 
<*» *59> 313-3x4; continuing that duty (Aug. 9, 1589), 16, x8x; foreigners ex- 
empted from duties at Manila (id.) f 7, 138, 147, 148, 16, x8x; id. (May 35, 
159^), 9, 333; increasing duties on Chin, goods (Nov. x, 1591, Nov. 30, x6o6), 
16, x8x, 183; ord. coll. of alcavala and transp. charges on mdse., at Acapulco, 
to be applied to maintenance of gall. (Aug. 9, 1589), 17, 38, 39, 31, 40; removing 
two per cent duty imposed (1591) by Dasmarifias (Mar. 13, 1597), 27, x8x; en- 
forcing collec of duties at Acapulco (May, 1596), 9, 330; another (Dec 31, 
1604), 17, 41; ord. Aud. to rep. on proposed increase of duties on Chin, goods 
(Aug. x6, 1599), II, 130, 131; ord. addl. export duties (1604), 35, 53-73; pro- 
ceeds of collec. at Acapulco must be sent to Manila (Feb. 19, x6o6), 17, 46, 27, 
136; imposing two per cent tax on goods sent to N. Espafia, and on silver re- 
turned (Apr. 32, 1608; suspended June 13,1636), 34, 319,37,178, x8o; duties must 
be collec on roy. ships in Jap. trade (July 35, 1609), 17, 50; duties on slaves, 
collec. at Acapulco (May 39, 1620), 35, 28; ord. addl. duty on exports toN. Espafia 
(Aug. 36, 1633), 34, 304; annulling composition (indulto) of customs duties on 
Phil. mdse. at Acapulco (June 5, 1697), 44, 329; rdg. foundation and manage- 
ment of custom-house at Manila (1786, 1788, and July 5, 1805), 51, 25; levying 
duties on S. Amer. trade of Co. of Filipinas (July 20, 1793), 17, 30, 31; decreas- 
ing duties (Oct, 1806), 51, 285, 286; imposing them on unsold goods carried back 
to PhiL (Apr. 23, 18x5), 286; at Manila, collec from ship-owners (Aug. 25, 
x8x8), 232; removing duties on import of agric implements, and on export of 
raw cotton (Apr. 6, 1828), 52, 53. 

Natives of Philippines: thanking Fil. chief for his friendship to Legazpi (1567?), 
38, 92; prohib. forcible removal of natives for mil. exped. (Nov. 7, 1574), 16, 
165, 166; forbid, repartimiento of Ind. not subdued, 4, 73; ord. that Ind. in paci- 
fied dist be rendered sedentary, 83; ord. bp. and gov. to protect Ind. (1589), 7. 

• The code of commerce for Spain, adopted May 30, 1829, was extended to the 
Philippines by decree of July 26, 1832. 



274 THE PHILIPPINE islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

1 60, 161, 171 ; ord. kind treatment of natives, and forbid, any oppression, 5, 229- 
»3*,7» 7i; id. (May 19, 1620), I9,4<>i 4*» *5, 27, 28; id. (Dec. 17, 1639), 5^, aiSJ 
protecting Ind. against excesses of encomenderos (Mar. 27, 1583), 50, 163; ord. 
conquistadors to make full restitution to natives (June 23, 1587), 7, 241; ord. gov. 
to appt. protector of Ind. (Jan. 17, 1593), 8, 305, 14, 149; id., to honor chiefs, and 
grant them local author. (June zx, X594)> *<>> 291, 16, 155, 156; providing for 
reduction of Ind. into vill. (May 25, 1596), 9, 239; forbid, sending Ind. from N. 
Espana to Phil, as sold, (id.), 242, 243; ord. gov. to secure voluntary submission 
of natives (Feb. 8, 1597), 10, 277-280, 290; ord. new oath of allegiance for all 
natives (1602?), 51, 300. 

Tributes - basis for roy. decrees on this subject, 48, 236; trib. may not be 
commuted to pers. services ( [Feb. 22, 1540], May 26, 1629), 14, 278, 279; 
decree ord. collec of trib. from Ind. of subject lands (1573), 7, 285, 236, 
296; how trib. shall be paid (Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 145, 9, 250, 16, 159; rate 
increased from 8 to xo reals (id., confirmed Feb. x6, 1602), 8, 305, 16, 160, 161, 
18, 337; to be collec from heathens as well as Christians (1593?), 9, 227; one- 
fourth of trib. from encom. to be used for rel. instruction, 7, 73, 145, 146, 274, 284, 
9, 227; ord. that Ind. be induced to cult land, and pay trib. in kind (ca. 1600?), 
"1 95> 9*> 268, 269; ord. rep. on appraisement and payment of trib. (1626?), 32, 
261, 262; for increase of trib., asked by Viana (1765), 48, 255; trib. superseded by 
cldula tax* (1884), 17, 3x0; personal services by Ind. (Nov. 22, 1602), ia, 131; 
forbid, rel. and ale-may. to exact these (Mar. 17, 1608), 16, 164; prescribing 
regul. for services (May 26, 1690), 17, 79-81, 250, 18, 177; may not be exacted 
by friars (May 29, 1620), 18, 305, 19, 40, 41; forbid rel. to collect fees from 
Ind. (1593), 9, 226; forbid, exaction of pecuniary fines from Ind., 18, 3x8; pro- 
tecting them from oppression by friars (Apr. 27, 1704), 50, 132, 146; id. (Nov. 
7, 1751), 48, 33; admin, of sacraments to sick natives, 50, 132. 

Giving judicial authority over Ind. to diocesan courts, and prohib. it to friars, 
save as granted them by dioc. authorities (June xx, 1594, May 6, 16x4, Aug. 1, 
1622, Aug. 30, 1624), 21, 98-103, 32, 83, 84; forbid, archbishop to app. fiscals io 
Ind. vill. (Mar. 16, 1614), 21, 102 (annulled Aug. 30, 1624) ; lawsuits concer. Ind. 
( z 593)> 8, 3x4, 9, 157, 18, 3x8; suits must be carried on in accordance with native ' 
customs, 16, 157; enforcing commands for relig. instruction of natives, 7, 73; ord. 
aid to Jes. seminary for educ. of natives (1595?), 10, 253; expressing appreciation 
of services rendered by Fil. (June, 1636), 25, 149, 150; ale-may. may not use com- 
munal funds of natives, or compel their service (Apr. 29, 1549, July 20, 1618, etc), 
28, 297; removal of Babuyans to mainland ( — , and Mar. 14, 1728), 48, 172-174, 
53, 354; lands cult, by Ind. must be adjacent to their vill. (Sept 21, 1797), 50, 
244; forbid, secret organizations (Aug. 2, x888), 52, 183; ord. deportation of FiL 
suspected of political agitation (July 2, 1896), 182, 183. 

Slaves and slavery, forbid, enslavement of Ind. (Aug. 2, 1530, and others), 
5, 241, 14, 158, 16, 163, 18, 331, 34, 27, 328, 329, 40, 355; ord. rep. on slavery in 
Phil. Is. (May 18, 1572), 3, 278, 286; ord. liberation of Ind. slaves held by Span. 
(1580?), 5, 32, 241, 242, 7, 171, 34, 327-330; limiting no. of slaves who may be 
sent from Phil, to N. Espana (Apr. xo, 1597, May 29, 1620), 17, 36, 37, 215, 28; 
forbid, import of negro slaves, unless very young, 10, 87; permitting enslare- 

9 A decree abolishing payment of tributes was passed by the Spanish Cortes, 
Mar. ij, 1811, but was not carried into effect. 



Decrees] index 275 

roent of Moras taken in war (July 4, 1570, Oct 13, 1600, May 29, x6ao), 6, 57, 

17, 321, 37, 1x5, 1x4, 35, 66 t 67; ord. that all slaves in Phil be freed (ca. 1680?; 
soon afterward revoked), 4 3, 376, 277; freeing children of slaves (May 1, 1686), 

Chinese (and other foreigners) in Philippines', forbid, that hair of Chin, con- 
verts be cut off (June 23, 1587), 7, 243, 22, 166; another, confirming this (Nov. 
19, 1627), 166, 167; ord. gov. to prevent heathen Chin, from remaining in Phil. 
(Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 139, 140; ia\ to charge no fee for permit Chris. Chin, to live 
in Phil. (June n, 1594), 23, 151; restricting Chin, immig. into Phil. (Aug. 9, 
15*9), 7, 139, 140, 9, 236, 13, 147; ord. gov. to check wrongs by Span, to Chin, 
traders at Manila (June xx, 1594), io, 83, 33, 152-154; ord. that Chin, be re- 
moved outside of Manila (1595), 9, 231; forbid, any ill-treatment of Chin, 
traders (1596), 252; ord. that no. of Chin, resident in Phil, be restricted (June 13, 
*599)» 12* i47-*49» 3 °» 9 8 » l6l » x ^9» *7°; entrusting to Aug. the charge of the 
Parian, 13, 159; ord. gov. to report on its abol. (1602), II, 284, 285; regul. jurisd. 
over lawsuits of Chin. (Apr. 15, Oct 15, 1603, Nov. 4, 1606), 33, 154, 155; ord. 
gov. to keep down no. of Chin, (to 6,000) and Jap. in Phil. (Nov. 4, 1606, May 
39, 1620, Dec 31, 1622), 157, 158, 34, 3x0, 36, 259; ord. more vigilance and cau- 
tion in granting Chin, licenses (Mar. 6, 1608), 17, 47, 48; forbid, residents of 
Manila to keep Chin, in their houses (May 6, 1608), 33, 154; on trade in Chin, 
mdse. at Manila (see above, under Commerce) ; regul. license fees for Chin, re- 
siding in Phil. (Jan. 12, 16 14, Nov. 21, 1625, June 8, 1628), 33, 158, 287, 288; 
prohib. unjust exactions from Chin. (May 29, 16x9, June 8, 1628), 155, 156, 2S7, 
388; ord. gov. to endeavor to settle Chin, living near Manila in one vill. (Aug. 
15, 1620, Aug. 17, 1628), 156, 288-290; concer. collec. of Chin, license fees 
(1625?), 258, 259; rdg. communal fund of Chin, residents (Sept. 10, 1627), 159, 
164-166, 290; on apptmt of protector of Chin, (same date), 164-166, 290-292, 34, 
325; forbid, exaction of trib. from converted Chin, for ten years (Nov. 19, 1627), 
33, 158, 166, 167; concer. residence of Chin, in Phil. (June 8, Aug. 17, 1628), 
287-290; revoking former decree for apptg. protector of Chin. (Mar. 27, 1629), 
390-292, 34, 189, 190, 36, 146; forbid, increase in fees of Chin. (June 30, 1638), 
36, 141, 142; ord. removal of Parian to another site (1643?), 37, 157; prohib. 
gambling by Chin., 158; ord. expulsion of Chin, from Phil. (1746?), 48, 146, 
*53> 5*> 3" 5 expelling Chris. Chin, who committed excesses during Brit oca, and 
restricting freedom of others (Apr. 17, 1766), 50, 253; ord. expulsion of Chin. 
(Feb. 25, 1785), 57; appr. coloniz. of Chin, in Pampanga (Apr. x, 1785), 57; ord. 
capitation tax on Chin. (May 14, 1790), 65; providing regul. for residence of 
Chin, in Phil. (Apr. 6, 1828; modified in 1834), 51, 53, 54; restricting Chin, 
traders to Parian, and Chin, in pro v. to agric pursuits (Aug. xo, 1834), 58; for- 
bid, foreigners to go to Indias (July 27, 1592; also 1605, 1608, x6x6), 36, 141; 
ord. investigation as to Frenchmen resident in Phil. (1635), 36, 271; forbid, 
foreigners to reside in Phil. (Feb. 2, x8oo, Sept 3, 1807, July 31, x8x6), 5i» H5- 

Land, products, and industries: ord. horses and cattle to be sent to Phil, from 
N. Espaiia (1589), 9, 236; ord. nutmeg from Phil, to be sent to Spain (Oct. 9, 
1623), 30, 258, 259, 37, 81; ord. rep. on supply of quicksilver in Phil. (1590?), 
8, 244; allowing its import, from China, for use in N. Espana (Aug. 15, 1609, 
May x6, 1631), 37, 80; ord. investigation of mines in Luzon (Dec. 19, 1618), 

18, 155-159; id. (Dec. 6, 1624), 33, 83; rdg. discovery and operation of mines 
in colon., 30, 293; rdg. privileges of miners (Sept 22, 1636), 37, 79, 80; forbid, 
mfre. of sugarcane brandy in colon. (Sept 30, 17x4, June 15, 1720), 50, 220; pro- 



276 THE Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

moting mfg. industries in Phil. (Apr. 6, 1828) , 51, 5a; founding Soc Econ. (Aug. 
27, 1780), 5a, 308; reesttb. it (x8xx, 1815), 51, 38; ord. it to rep. on unoccupied 
lands in Phil. (May 13, 1836), 5a, 312; early, granting privileges to farmers, 52, 
292; ord. that agric be encouraged (1596), 9, 236; that Ind. be induced to cult 
land, 11, 95, 96, 268, 269; ord. cult, of hemp and flax by natives (Jan. 12, 1777), 
x 7> *99> BO, 48; ord. rep. on agric. conditions in Phil. (ca. x8x8?) t 51, 39; 
authorizing rewards for cult of plantations (Apr. 6, 1828), 51, 53; allowing cult 
of poppy in Phil, (same date), 54; ord. rep. on untitled crown lands (May 13, 
1836), 5 J, 3x2; decrees on these lands, 302, 303; sale and prices thereof (1857, 
1859), 303; laws rdg. land, 296, 297. 

Crusade, and Inquisition: organizing gen. crib, of Crusade (May x6, 1690), 28, 
X13, 185; ord. that proceeds of bulls be kept at Manila, in roy. treas. and not in- 
vested in trade (Dec. 21, 1634), 27, 138, a8, 76, 77; expenses of bulb must be 
paid from their proceeds (May 30, 1640), 1x5; decrees as to operations of Crusade 
in Span, colonies (1537-1640), 5, 294; estab. Inquis. in Indias (Jan. 25, 1569), 3, 
2x8, 5, 258 ; ord. to deliver Inquis. cases in Phil. Is. to Mex. trib. (June 26, 1586), 
6, 253; ord. rep. on estab. of a trib. in Manila (Apr. 24, 1659), 36, 73. 

Ecclesiastical affairs and administration: instructions for admin, of ecc affairs 
in Indias (June x, 1574), 12, 19-31; decrees thereon issued after 1670, 42), 138; 
ord. that encomenderos pay tithes, but in produce (Aug. 9, 1589), 7, 146, 9, 229; 
providing for rel. worship and instruction (May 25, 1596), 2x9-225; reserving 
to crown the rights of ecc. patronage (June 1, 1574, Feb. 21, 1575, June 15, 1654), 
34, 4x2, 4x3 (see also 23, 23-25, and 25, 3x4) ; extending this to Phil (Sept 13, 
1589), 21, 19-31; concer. imposition of tithes (1584?), 6, 260, 50, 145; ind. 
educ. instit. therein (June xx, 1792), 28, 132; erecting abprc of Manila, and dio- 
ceses suffragan thereto, and presenting incumbents for them (June 17, 1595), 9, 
X45, x 50-1 53, 327, 27, X24. 

Appointing archbishop, Salazar, (1578), 51, 298; Santibanez (June 17, 
1595), 9i 152, 51, 299; Benavides (1601), 300; Vazquez de Mercado (x6o8), 
301; Garcia Serrano (16x8), 302; Guerrero (Jan. x6, 1632), 303; Montero de 
Espinosa (1643), 304; Poblete (May, 1648), 304; Lopez (1671), 306; Pardo 
(May 30, X676, Aug. 4, X677), 39, *43, *44, 4*. 168, 5i» 307; Camacho (Aug 
19, 1696), 308; Cuesta (1706), 309; Bermudez Gonzalez (1722), 309; Angel 
Rodriguez (May x8, X731), 310; Santa Justa (1767), 312; Orbigo (1789), 3x3; 
Salamanca (1801?) 3x4; Zulaibar (Aug., 1803), 3x4; Aranguren (Nov. xa, 1845), 
3x5; Meliton Martinez (July 31, 1861), 3x6; how vacancy in abprc shall be filled, 
24, 225, 25, 186; on relations between abp. and Aud. (Jan. xx, June 23, 1587, 
Jan. 15, 1607), 6, 320, 7, 245-247, 14, 37; rdg. relations of gov. and abp. (May 
*5> i596)» 9t 325; ord. Aud. to rep. on judicial authority of abp., 6, 260; ord. rep. 
on apptmt. of assistant to abp. (Sept. 2, 1638), 29, 105; requiring abp. to sur- 
render notarial records (1719), 44, 184, 185; ord. that Abp. Rojo act as gov., 51, 
Sxx. 

Appointing bishop, of Manila, 51, 298; Cebu, 9, 152, 153, 24, 33, 38, 72, 73, 
51, 3°5, 306, 3x4 (and sec. assistants, Mar. 14, 1633, 27, 124); N. Caceres, Q, 
153, 38, 7a, 73, 51, 313; N. Segovia, 9, X52, 38, 73, 39, »50, B* 9 300, 302, 303 
(also sec. assistants, Oct 5, 1606, and Apr. xx, 1635, 27, 125, 34, 4x3, 4x4) ; Mech- 
oacan, 301 ; Yucatan, 301. 

Bishop Salazar reports on official conduct of gov., 5, 229; ord. bps. to reside in 
their own dioceses (Dec x, 1636, and July 8, 1639), 24, 336, 337, 39, 184, 185; 



Decrees] INDEX 277 

miking bps. of Japan suffragan to Manila tee (Feb. 22, 163a), 28, 75; recalling 
Bp. Barrientot to Spain (1693?), 4*» 35» 36; concer. cases of fuerza (Feb. 18, 
1588), 7, 246; prescribing qualifications of provisor, 35, 168; expenses of epis. 
visitations to be paid from roy. treas. (Apr. 22, 1705), a8, 371, 386; admin, of 
dice, revenues (June 24, 1712), a8, 187; collec of ispolios (June 24, 1821), 371. 
Ecc saL and stipends (July 13, i579)t 4, 304, SO, 144 (June *4> «7» «595)> 9, 153 
(Oct 31, 1596), 37, 124, 50, 144 (May 28, 1680), a8, no, 149, 183, 184, 47. i*9» 
131 (June n, 1704)1 50, 234 (Sept 22, 1720), 144; stipends of miss, curat (Apr. 

24, 1584)9 47, 146-152; ord. Aud. to withhold sal. of disobedient bp. (July 8, 
1639), 29, 185, 186; ord. stipend of bp. to be sent from Mex. treas. (1673?), 01, 
306; allowing another priest for Manila cathedral (1584?), 6, 260; apptg. pre- 
bends for it (July 13, 1579, Mar. 26, 1580), 4, 304, 305; presentation of ecc. to 
racant prebends (1593?), 10, 289, 290; id. (1580, 1608), 16, 169; id. (Nov. 29, 
1634), 20, 80, 25, 278, 307, 26, 282, 283; id. (June 2, 1604), 28, no; ord. that 
gov. appt. temporary prebends of suffragan cathedrals (Oct 5, 1606), 16, 147; 
regul apptmts. of canons by bp. (June, 1619), 18, 245; qualifications for canons, 
as, 222; limiting author, of cabildo in side vacant* (Dec 4, 1634), a6, *77t 0T & 
abp. to punish prebend Herrera (1674, 1676?), 39» *49- Forbid, ecc to trade 
(June 23, 1587, Feb. 2, 1730), 7, 244, 245, 50, 133; ord. that ministers of rel. 
instruction be paid from the local tributes, 10, 202; forbid, sec priests to pass 
from India to Phil. (Mar. 26, 1632; Mar. 27, 1631, in Rtcopilacidn), 24, 194, 195, 
a8, 75> 76; ord. curas to contribute to support of seminaries (June 1, 1799), 273. 
Presentation to benefices, 8, 49; exam, for these (1630), 24, 188; vacation of bene- 
fices (Feb. 15, 1592), 12, 130; acceptance of mestizos as priests and nuns (Aug. 
31, Sept 28, 1588), 28, 208; allowing ordination of natives, 42, 138. Preferring 
sec priests to friars (Dec. 6, 1583), ai, 34-36; suspending this (May 25, 1585), 
36-40, 45 ; introd. sec priests in new vill. (Sept 2, 1638), 26, 125, 126, 39, 106, 
107; apptg. sec to miss. (Oct a, 1638), 39, 106, 107, 191, 192; restoring Quiapo 
and other dist to sec (July 8, 1639), 183, 184; introd. reg. into some curacies in 
N. Caceres (Aug. 13, 1685), 41, 214, 244; concer. secul. of curacies (1753-1826), 
a8, 229-231; id. (June 23, 1757), 50, 43; id. (Nov. 9, 1774), 17, *9«, 5<>, 4*» 43i 
51, 313; this last suspended (Dec n, 1776), 28, 230, 50, 42, 43, 51, 313* Con- 
cer. epis. visitation of regulars holding curacies, 21, 10, 66 t 67. 71, 32, 283, BO, 
149; decree of (June 1, 1585), ai, 34-4©, 49 (Dec 21, 1595), 34, 48, 49 (Nov. 14, 
1603), 20, 87, 250-252, 21, 34, 50-54, 69, 77 (Nov. 19, 1618), 54, 55 (Feb. 18, Aug. 

25, 1620), 55 (Dec 31, 1622), 20, 250-253 (June 22, Aug. 14, 1624), 21, 75-78, 22, 
83 (Oct 23, 1666), 36, 154, 155 (Nov. 27, 1687), 42, 98 (and a previous one, 99) ; 
(May 20, 1700), 113-116, 44, 144; decrees of (1766? and 1775), 28, 228; on re- 
moval of reg. curas (1795, 1807), 228. Ord. rep. on affairs of Manila abprc 
(May 18, 1619), 20, 227, 246; another (June 20, 1625), 22, 84, 87; providing 
for various ecc matters, 92; ord. Mex. treas. to send money for Manila cathedral 
(1589?), 7, 143, 8, 144-146, 9, 220, 221; ord. gov. and abp. to rep. on its needs 
(i597 0> 10, 249, 289; reg. its act of foundation, 25, 307; granting it wine, etc 
(before 1608), 14, 262; id. (Apr. 12, 1734), 47* 130. Granting encom. to see of 
Cebti (Oct. 28, 1670), 131, 142; directions to bps. of N. Caceres and N. Segovia 
(May 15, 1596), 9, 216, 217, 327; grants to N. Caceres cathedral (Feb. 21, 1705, 
Oct 2, 1723, Aug. 19, 1736), 47, 132; id., to that of N. Segovia (Feb. 21, 1765, 
Dec 23, 1723), 132, 133. Ord. rep. on building material for churches (Feb. 16, 
I59>)» *a, 129, 130; forbid, ecc to demand fees for burials, etc, of natives 
(i593 0> 9i 3*6; rdg. application of church fines, a 1, 60; refusing grant of wine 



278 THE Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

and oil to priests in private encom., 1 1, 98, 99, 273, 14, 155; ord. gen. prayers in 
Phil, churches for Span, success (June 28, 1635), 47» 44! ord. that St Michael be 
proclaimed patron saint of Phil. Is. (ca. 1650?), 51, 304; ord. abp. as to admin, 
of sacraments to the sick (July 28, 1681), 39, *47, 248, 42, 55; id. (June n, 
1704), 50, 234. 

Missions and missionaries (see also under names of several orders) : granting 
stipends for admin, of doctrinas (May 13, 1579), 50, 144; forbid, miss, to hold 
property in Ind. vilL, 8, 56; ord. that clerics be preferred to rel. in miss. (Dec. 
6» *$%$)* 3I t 45» 46 (suspended by decree of May 25, 1585) ; forbid. rel. in PhiL 
to go to China (June 8, 1585, May 25, 1596), 38, 67, 68; miss's may not leave their 
miss, without permission of gov. and abp. (June 8, 1585, etc), 67, 68, 70, 71; ord. 
that ecc and sec authorities aid passage of miss's to Phil. (Sept. 5, 1585, etc), 14, 
91, 93, a8, 68-72; ord. Phil authorities to furnish necessary supplies to rel. sent to 
China and Japan (Nov. 30, 1595), 70; ord. that miss, be begun in Ladrones Is. (May 
*5> 1596)1 9i 226, 11, 285, 286; grants to rel. ord. for support of miss's (Aug. 7, 
1601, etc), 33, 161, 162; forbid, rel. to go from Phil, to Japan, 14, 233, 35, 44, 
36, 283, 284, 287 (Feb. 16, 1635) '» grants for support of miss. (May 9, 1620), 33, 
162; ord. epis. visitation of miss's, so far as they are curas (June 22, Aug. 14, 
1624), 31, 39, 75-78 (see also above, Ecclesiastical affairs); apptmts. to miss, 
must be subject to roy. right of patronage (Apr. 6, 1629), 33, 23-25, 299, 34, 226; 
opening miss, of Japan to all orders and regul. conduct of miss's (Feb. 22, 1632), 
38, 73-75; placing sec. in new miss. (1638), 36, 125, 126, 39, 106, 107; approv- 
ing formation of miss, in Mindanao (Feb. 3, 1639), *9> z 7 8 > on tpptmts. to mist, 
and controversy of bp. with Fran, over some Luzon miss. (Sept. 17, 1647), 35, 276- 
278; rdg. Mariquina miss. (1675), 39, 133, 241, 242; assigning Mindoro miss, to 
friars (June 18, 1677), 38, 237, 41, 169, 231 233, 43, 39; furnishing wine and oil 
to miss, curacies (Sept. 15, 1726), 47, 146-153; approving surrender of Ituy miss, 
by Aug. to Dom. (Dec 19, 1742), 48, 75, 76; granting mil. escorts to miss's (July 
23, I744)t 50, 144; rdg. Chin, converts (July 23, 1762), 49, 307, 308; regul. erec- 
tion of churches and convents in miss. (June 18, 1767), 50, 259, 260; secul. of 
vacant miss. (Aug. 5, Sept. 9, 1774, etc), 38, 230 (see also above, secul. of cur- 
acies) ; allotting miss, in Mindanao and J0I6 to Jcs. (Oct 19, 1852, Sept. 10, 1861), 

S4*. 

Religious orders and their members: foundation of convents in N. Espafia, 4, 
141, 142, 8, 52; id., in Phil. Is. (May 13, 1579)* z 39" z 43> 3*o; confirming 
Legazpi's grant for support of rel. (Apr. 24, 1584), 6, 46, 261, 14, 258; granting 
them wine, oil, and flour, 6, 261 ; assigning proceeds of encom. for this purpose 
(1634?), 36, 149; separating fields of labor of the different orders (before 1589), 
7, 130, 131, 9, 109, 13, 206; another (Apr. 27, 1594), 9, 79i **>> "*. 3*7, *8» 69b 
70 (cf. 38, 74) ; forbid, gov. to allow rel. to leave Phil, without special permission 
(Aug. 9, 1589, and many others cited), 69-71; ord. provin. of rel. ord. not to med- 
dle with Chin, trade (Jan., 1593), 8, 304; ord. that nuns be sent from Mex. to 
Manila (Feb. 16, 1602), 11, 283, 290, 291; ord. abp. and Aud. to enforce epis. 
exam, of rel. apptd. to Ind. ministries (Nov. 14, 1603), 31, 50, 51, 69; enforcing 
this (Nov. 19, 1618), 54; ord. gov. to check arrogant conduct of rel. in PhiL (June 
3, 1604), 13, 248, 249, 317 (cf. 38, 246) ; ord. abp. to restrain rel. from disposing 
of church furniture (July 30, 1604), 13, 249, 250, 3x7; wine for mass shall not 
be furnished by crown for private encom. (1604?), 14, I55J r*l. persons may not 
go from Phil, to India (Nov. 4, 1612), 35, 23, 24; forbid, holding of chapter- 



)ccrccs] index 279 



in IncL vill. (June is, 1615), 21, 56; Chin, melee, mutt not be hidden in 
convents (Aug. 20, 16x5), 25, 24; ord. gov. to aid provin. by sending expelled 
rel. to Mex. (Sept. 17, 1616) , 28, 72; confirms epis. decree that such rel. be not 
admitted to prebends or curacies (Feb. 19, 1619), 18, 189-193, 345; forbid, rel. to 
go from India to Phil. Is. (Aug. 9, 1621), 21, 104; restraining rel. ord. from law- 
less acts (1624?), 22, 73; ord. observance of alternativa in their elections (Sept; 
38, 1629, etc), 28, 73, 421, 185 (see also Augustinians) ; ord. maintenance of har- 
mony between orders (Feb. 22, 1632), 74, 4a, xo8, 109; sold, or sailors entering 
reL. life must first pay their debts (Dec. 23, 1637), a 5> 2x2, 2x3; furnishing (to 
convents?) wine and oil (Apr. 8. 1668), 47, 142; ord. publication of papal decree 
forbid, ecc to engage in trade (June 22, 1670), 38, 75; on apptmt of regulars to 
curacies in Masbate (Aug. 13, 1685), 41, 244; ord. viceroys to rep. actual needs 
of rel. (Mar. 4, 1696, and others cited), 50, 144; furnishing oil and wine to hosp. 
of St J. of G. (June 29, 17x7), 47, 205; id. t to houses of rel. ord. (Sept. 15, 1726), 
135-140, 146-152; id., to Manila cathedral (Apr. 12, 1734), 130^ as to rel. expelled 
from their orders (Mar. 28, 1769), 28, 72; restricting cost of friars' houses (June 
18, 1787), 50, 260; on removal of regulars from curacies (Aug. 1, 1795, Sept 
29, 1807), 218, 228; suppressing rel. ord in Spain (Sept 6, 1820), 521, 2x2; reSstab. 
them (June xx, 1823), 2x2; restoring curacies to rel. ord. (June 8, 1826), 51, 50; 
•oppressing monasteries in Spain (June 2X, Oct. xx, 1835), 28, 291, id., in Span, 
empire (1835, 1836), 51, 62, 63; prohib. provin. chapter-sessions in Phil. (Nov. 
16, 1838), 70; forbid, rel. ord. to alienate their property (Jan. 15, 1849), 52, 175, 
2x5; permitting such transfer without intervention of crown (Dec 4, 1890), 175. 

Religious orders, separately - 

Augustinians, ord. rep. on Aug. rel. in Phil. (1572?), 3, 278; granting them 
aid for building church (1580), 9, 105, 106 (cf. 14, 260) ; id., for oil, wine, and 
medicines (1580), 107-109, 14, 262 (renewed 1594, 9, 107, 109) ; granting them aid 
(through colon, govt) in Ind. trib., etc (1587?), 7, 1x7, 35, xox; appr. their 
work, and bestowing favors (1590?), 213, 273 (cf. 8, 52, apparently the same); 
granting stipends for rel. in Manila convent (before 1588), 7, 32, 33, 14, 260, 
37, 124 (increased Aug. 7, x6ox, etc), 33, x6x, 162; for despatch of Aug. miss. 
*3, 303, 34, 5*» 59 (*fc>9?) J for grant to Manila convent, 59; ord. prov. to cor- 
rect his reL (Dec 31, 16x1), 17, 183-185; restraining Aug. rel. (1624, 1626), 33, 
xx2, 1x3; id. (May 21, 1627), x6x; enforcing alternativa (Sept 28, 1629, Aug. x, 
1633), a8, 73; id. (Sept 2, 1638), 36, 125, 126, 39, X05; restraining Aug. rel. 
(June 2, X639), 39, 181-183. 

Dominicans, permit Dom. to go to China (1588?), 7, 235; providing for despatch 
of Dom. miss, of 1604-06 (Jan. 11, 19, Aug. 31, 1605), 14, 81-83, 90; furnishing 
medicines to Dom. rel. (before 1608), 14, 262; ord. provin. to correct his rel. 
(Dec 2x y 31, x6xx), 17, 183-185; ord. Dom. not to meddle in govt affairs (Dec. 
31, 1622), 30, 249, 250; forbid, them to oppress natives (Nov. 27, 1624), 21, 
105, xo6; permit Coll ado to convey his rel. to Phil., 36, 126, 127; suppressing 
"Barbones" faction, and recalling Coll ado (Feb. 2x r 1637), *9» 26, 33, 295, 296, 
35, 54, 55, 57; censuring Aud. of Manila, and ord. it to suspend Collado's briefs 
(Feb. 2i, 1638), 56, 57; restraining Dom. rel. (Sept 2, 1638), 26, 126; regul. 
elections in that ord. (same date), 29, 105, 106; rel. supported by crown must 
reside in Manila convent (July 23, 1639), 47, 136; granting aid to Dom. infirmary 
(Sept 4, 1667), X38. 

Franciscans, forbid. Observantine Fran, to enter Phil, 20, 117, 121; ord. Aud. 
to aid Fran. (June 21, 1583), 6, 45 ; granting them support for certain rel. (declined 



280 THE PHILIPPINE islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
by them), 14, 260; ord. provin. to correct his rel. (Dec 31, 1611), 17, 1S5; con- 
cer. controversy with bp. over certain Fran. mist, in Luzon (Sept 17, 1647), 35» 
276-278; ord. that Fran, alto must contribute to support of conciliar seminaries 
(Nov. 8, 1594, June 1, 1799), 45, *H> **7- 

Jesuits, sending mem to Phil. (ca. 1580), 34, 365; granting them an allowance 
as teachers (1583), 31, 52, 53; ord. Aud. to investigate their operations and needs 
(Jan. 11, 1587), 6, 318; ord. rep. as to aid for Jes. seminary at Cebti (before 1605), 
z 3, 253; granting such aid (May 26, 1607), 255; ord. provin. to correct his rcL 
(Dec. 31, 1611), 17, 185; granting aid for Jes. buildings at Manila (June 1, 1625), 
33, 42-44, 323, 35, zoo, 101 ; ord. rep. on cost of those buildings (July 10, 1635), 
100-103, 323, 37, 344; obliging Jes. to pay for fellowships from S. Felipe colL 
(June 16, 1643), 45, 171, 172, 180; reimbursing them for this (Mar. 17, 1647), 
172, 180, 181; ord. continuance of status quo for coll., etc, conducted by Jes. 
(July 9, 1669), 127; confirming right of Jes. to Mariquina miss. (July 26, 167$), 
39, 133, 241, 242; restoring that charge and Cainta to Jes. (Mar. 31, 1694), 42, 
266, 44, 105, 106; Jes. rel. supported by crown must reside in S. Ignado colL 
(Feb. 18, 1707), 47, 137; banishing Jes. from Span, domains (Feb. 27, 1767), 45, 
122, 123, 50, 276, 277; expressing confidence of govt in other rel. ord. (Mar. 1767), 
50, 277; ord. Ra6n to expel them from Phil. (Mar. 1, 1767), 50, 287-289; rdg. 
rev. from estates of expelled Jes. (Apr. 5, 1770), 45» 127; ord. silence of all per- 
sons in colon, on extinction of Jes. ord. (1777)9 5°» 3 o8 J prescribing legal status 
of ex- Jes. (Jan. 22, 1784), 53, 208; ord. rep. on Jes. obras plas (1796?), 51, 57; 
allowing ex- Jes. to reside in Spain (1798), 53, 211; again expelling them from 
Spain (1801), 211; permit diem to return (Nov. 15, 1808), 211; allowing them 
to reSstab. their houses in Span, domains (May 9, 1815, and 1816), 211; reestab. 
them in Indies and Filipinas (Aug. 22, 1815), 51, 37, 53, 211; suppressing this 
and other ord. (Sept. 6, 1820), 212; reestab. them (June iz, 1823), 2x2; suppress- 
ing Jes. ord. in Spain (July 4, 1835; Du * this was ineffective), 2x2; readmitting 
Jes. to Phil. Is. (Oct 21, 1852), 45, 284, 53, 124, 208; providing for traveling ex- 
penses of Jes. sent to Manila normal school (July 22, 1864), 46, 229; suppressing 
Jes. ord. in Spain (Oct. 12, 1868), 53, 2x2. 

Recollects, ord. rep. on proposed estab. of Rec at La Guia (ca. 1591), 9, no; al- 
lowing Rec. to go to Phil. Is. (Feb. 23, 1604), 13, 246-248, 3x7, 31, 265; despatch- 
ing first Rec. miss, thither (Apr. 3, 1605), 31, 114, 264, 265; furnishing medicines 
to Rec. rel. (Nov. 4, 1627), 33, 17, 163; continuing alms to them (May 3, 1643), 
36, 124; ord. abp. and Aud. to rep. on such continuance (1646?), 121; estab. hos- 
pice at Mex. City (1647), 36, 1x3; censuring Rec. for opposing decree of Manila 
govt (May 27, 1651), 1x9, 120; continuing grants for medicines and for support 
of Rec rel. (Apr. x6, 30, 1682), 41, 200; confirming miss, of Taytay to Rec (Dec 
24, 1682), x88; assigning Negros Is. to Rec (June 20, 1849), 53, 2x5; allotting 
them curacies in exchange for Mindanao miss. (May 19, 1864), 38, 343. 

All others, Poor Clares, sending them to form an estab. at Manila (1619?), 
33, X04; ord. compensation for damages to their residence (Oct 2, 1683), 39, 
X07-X09; ord. viceroys to aid Carmelites to be sent to Phil. Is. (June 9, 1585), 38, 
68; concer. beaterio of S. Cathalina (Feb. 17, 17x6, Sept xo, 1732, June 20, 1747), 
48, 156; restricting no. of its inmates (1762), 157, 158; exempting it from visita- 
tion (1779)1 5°i 4 3 *» ora> * that beaterio of S. Rosa engage in education of girls 
(Sept. 22, 1774), 45, 260, 261. 

Hospitals and charities: hospitals - estab. in Manila hosp. (founded 1575) a con- 



Decrees] index 281 

valescent ward for told. (Apr. 29, 1577), 26, 293, 299; ord. Aud. to aid hotp. 
(Jan. 11, 1587), 6, 319; granting aid to hosp. for Span, and that for natives 
(*5*9), 7» *44, 8, 144-147, 9, 223 ; incl. in roy. patronage admin, of funds of churches 
and hosp. for Indians (Aug. 28, 1591), 34, 413; id. (1593)9 8, 146; ord. gov. to 
take possession of hosp. in name of king (Jan. 17, 1593), 8, 147, 302, 34, 412-414, 
453; decrees rdg. hosp. (1590-96), 47, 163; ord. gov. and abp. to rep. on condition 
and needs (1600) , 11, 83, 84; ord. rebuilding of roy. hosp. (Nov. 4, 1606), 164; 
permit Ord.StJ.of G. to send rel. to Phil. (Sept. 24, 1607, Feb. 10, 1617), 14, 
165, a8, 143, I44f S05; ord. Aud. to place hosp. in charge of that order (Feb. 
10, 1617), 164; giving ord. for management of hosp. (Nov. 16, 1618), 18, 114, 115; 
appr. grant by gov. and regul. for new roy. hosp. (May 20, 1624), 47, 224; ord. 
gov. to aid it (Oct 16, 1626), 32, 115, 276; granting aid to San Gabriel hosp. 
(Nov. 26, 1630), 47, 226; regul. estab. by Ord.StJ.ofG. in Indias (Nov. 30, 
1630), 28, 144; ord. roy. hosp. to be returned to care of Fran, (ca. 1647?; ap- 
parently ineffective), 35, 290; approv. transfer of roy. hosp.* to Ord.StJ.ofG. 
(Dec 5, 1659), 28, 145; furnishing provisions for Dom. infirmary at Lalo (Sept 
4, 1667), 47, 227; granting money and supplies to San Lazaro, hosp. (Jan. 22, 
1672), 137, 226; granting encom. to Ord.StJ.ofG. (June 19, 1680; extended 
Sept 17, 1705, July 2, 1735), 204; providing medicines for Fran., and supplies for 
their infirmaries (Jan. 18, 1706), 227; granting hosp. ord. money for oil and wine 
(June 29, 1717), 205. Misericordia, confirming its rules and regul. (June 20, 
1623), 47, 78; ord. repayment of its loans to Phil, govt (Mar. 8, 1660), 45; ex- 
empting its admin, from dice visitation (Sept 7, 1699, June n, 1708), 59, 72, 78, 79; 
placing it under roy. protection (Mar. 25, 1733), 28, 128, 187; ord. rep. on grant- 
ing aid to S. Potenciana (Nov. 23, 1619), 18, 287, 288; ord. rep. on Jes. obras 
pias (1796?), 51, 57; providing for adjustment and admin, of obras pias (Feb. 
1 6, 1833), 57, 58; placing mem in charge of an admin, council (Nov. 3, 1854), ?8, 
298; assigning them shares in Span.-Fil. bank (1851), 17, 305, 52, 208. 

Education: ord. that the Span, language be taught to the natives, gen. mention, 
I, 83, 28, 211, 45, *47, 46, 73, 47, 157, 50, 120, 121, 172; decrees of (June 7, 
July 17, 1550), 9, 256, 45, 185, 46, 274, 275, 282, 283, 288 (June 5, 1574), 50, 261 
(May, 1596), 9, 256 (Mar. 2, 1634, Nov. 4, 1636), 45, 184, 46, 275, 282, 288, 334 
(June 20, 1686), 45, 184-186, 46, 275, 276, 284, 288 (June 5, 1754), 279 (Aug. 4, 
*7*5) » 50, 169, 171 (Apr. 16, 1770), 46, 276 (May 10, 1770, Nov. 28, 1772, Nov. 
24, 1774), 45, 221 (Nov. 5, 1782) ,• 221, 46, 293 (confirmed June 11, 1815, p. 294) ; 
(Dec. 22, 1792), 45, 221, 222 (Jan. 29, 1889), 46, 253; prohib. use by Fil. of their 
native languages, and of any other than Span. (Dec 22, 1792), 45, 222; ord. mat 
grammars of Span, language be compiled in Fil. dialects (May 17, 1876), 46, 
247 (cf. 251). 

Early schools for natives (see also preceding topic), ord. Gov. Tello to estab. 
schools for instruction of natives in Span. (May, 1596), 9, 256, 10, 290; ord. aid to 
Jes. for undertaking this work (1596), 252, 253; enforcing law of 1550 for estab. 

•This hospital had been placed by Gov. Tello in charge of the Misericordia, 
who entered thereon Jan. 3, I$g8 t and administered its revenues, provided mainly 
from the royal treasury (see Vol. XLVII, 31-34). Its transfer to the hospital 
order occurred May 31, 1656. 

•This decree extended to the Philippines another sent to Audiencia of Choreas 
(Jan. 28, 1778), and made provision for establishing and supporting schools for in- 
structing the Indians in the Spanish language. 



282 THE Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
such schools (June 20, x686), 45, 184-186; providing for estab. and maintenance of 
schools (1770-74, Dec. 22, 1792), 90, 221, 222; calls for schools for native children, 
in convents (Oct 20, 1817; extended to Phil. Is.), 46, 294, 295 (see also below, 
Public instruction). 

Colleges and universities, ord. foundation of a coll. (June 8, 1585), 38, 134, 45, 
264, 46, 340 (see following, S. Jos* coll.) ; ord. Aud. to rep. on plan for provid- 
ing lectures without expense of univ. (Oct 30, 1604), 114, 1x5; suppressing coIL 
S. Felipe de Austria (June x6, 1643), 171, 172, x8o; granting to Manila permis- 
sion for a university, with power to confer degrees and other privileges (1653?), 
a8, 132; ord. rep. on cost of estab. coll. seminary in Manila cathedral (Nov. at, 
l6 97)» 190, 45, 192, 195; erecting such college and seminary with name of S. 
Felipe (Apr. 28, 1702, Dec. 21, 17x2), 38, 1x7, 190, 45, 187, 192, 47, 134; ord. 
that all foreign students be removed from it and suppressing S. Clemente (Sidoti's) 
seminary (March 3, 17x0), 218, 120, 121, 45, 187-192, 200-203; erecting professor- 
ships of canons and law (Jan. 27, May x6, 17x4; see also below, S. Tornis), 28, 
122, 45, 207, 50, 138; abol. those chairs and virtually closing San Felipe (July 2*, 
z 73<>)> ?8f z*3» I 33» 45, 207, 50, 139; placing educ institutions of the Indias under 
roy. patronage (June 8, 1592), 45, 205, 322, 323; id. (June 11, X792), 218, 132. 

San Jos* and S. Ignacio, ord. gov. to make plans for estab. of coll. for Span, 
youths in Phil., conducted by Jes. (June 8, 1585), 16, 141, 218, 134, 45, 102, ixx, 
xx2, 250, 46, 340; ord. viceroy of N. Espafia to allow transfer of Figueroa'a prop- 
erty from Mex. to Manila for benefit of Jes. coll. (Sept 13, 1608), 45, 108-xio, 
1x5; ord. gov. to pay to S. Jos* the balance of Figueroa's bequest (May 232, 16x4, 
Dec. 3, 1618), xxo; granting to Jes. univ. at Manila title of "royal" (1621 and 
x ^53)f tll t 251; estab. precedence of S. Jos* over S. Tornis (1652-53), 218, 134, 
38, 82, 39, x6x, 45, xx8; authorizing S. Jose and S. Ignacio to grant degrees (May 
12, 1653), 28, 133, 50, 138: granting money to S. Jos* (June 12, 1665, July 27, 
1669, etc.), 45, 118; continuing grant of money and rice (Feb. x8, 1707), 251; 
conferring on S. Jos* title of "royal" (May 3, 1722), 218, 134, 135, 45, x 19-121, 
127, 251; estab. chairs of canons and law in S. Ignacio (Oct 23, 1733), 28, 223, 
*33» *34» 138, 47, 135; granting S. Jos* right to teach canon and Roman law 
( z 734)i 45> I2I J continuing use of encoraienda (Nov. 15, 1747), 251; confirm- 
ing to coll. the estates of Mariquina and Tunasan (Feb. 3, 1748), 251; expelling 
Jes. from Span, empire (1767), which results in confiscation of Jes. coll. and 
estates, 122, 123; disappr. epis. appropriation of S. Jos*, and ord. gov. to app. sec. 
ecc as its rector (Mar. 21, 1771), 125-130; censuring abp. for taking S. Jos* for 
ecc seminary (same date), 130, 131; ord. that S. Jos* and other institutions be 
secul., and merged into "Philippine Institute" (Nov. 6, 1870; not enforced; the 
Moret decree, for its scope and plan, see pp. 163-165, note 8x), X32, 133; ord. that 
medicine and pharmacy be taught in S. Jos*, and supported by its rev. (Oct 29, 
'875)1 133, 168; ord. that vacant chairs be filled by competitive exam, (same date), 
X 35I appr. act of colon, govt in placing S. Jos* under control of S. Tornis (Mar. 
24, x88o), I34» 135. 

Santo Tomas, appr. permit of gov. to Dom. to found coll. at Manila (Nov. 
27, 1623), ao, 260, 26x, 45, 15*1 X53t 249, **3, *97, 46, 261, 34X; erecting coll. 

•Founded as a "royal" college by Gov. Corcuera, Dec. 2$, 1640. It noas claimed 
by the Dominicans that the decree for suppressing this institution was obtained 
through their influence (Vol XXXVII, pp. 72, 73). 



Decrees] INDEX 283 

of S. Tomis into a univ. (Nov. 20, 1644), 39, 175-177, 3*, toi, 45, 249, 46, 
341; placing it under roy. patronage (May 11, 1680), 28, 137, 38, 78-80, 45, 
349, 46, 361, 341; authorizing new chain (Nor. 22, 1682), 38, 137, 138; estab. 
chairs of canons and laws (Oct 23, 1733)1 123, 133, 134, 138, 47, IS5J ord. that 
ordinances for its admin, be drawn up (Dec 7, 1781), 45, 249, 46, 341; grant- 
ing exemption from trib. to its students and graduates (ca. 1785), 45, 158; grant- 
ing title of "royal" to S. Tomis (Mar. 7, 1785), 150-152, 46, 361; apptg. com- 
mission to report on new plan of studies (1837, Apr. 2, 1842), 45, 159; providing 
finds for this improvement (Apr. 2, 1846), 160; exempting property of S. Tomis 
colL from such expense (July 12, 1847), 160; giving directions for commission to 
organize new plan (Apr. 15, 1847, Apr. 19, 1849, Oct 19, 1852), 160, 161; direct- 
ing that such plan be adapted to Span. univ. curriculum* (i860), 162, 163; placing 
S. Tomis under roy. protection (1862), 156; secul. all coll. and univ. (Nov. 6, 
1870), 163, 164, 50, 141, 51, 316, 53, 216; appr. partial suspension of this by 
gov., 45, 166; reorganizing S. Tomis (Oct 29, 1875), 133, 166, 167, 297, 325, 
326; appr. creation of auxiliary medical courses (1880?), 167; confirming apptmt 
of univ. officials to admin. S. Jose* (Mar. 24, 1880), 134, 166; including higher 
educ institutions under roy. patronage (June iz, 1792), 38, 132; ord. that stud, 
in those institutions may not marry without consent of govt, (same date), 45, 218- 
320; on status of Span, students and lawyers in colon. (Dec 2, 1847), 279-281. 
Various others, S. Juan de Letran (at first named S. Pedro y S. Pablo), placed 
under roy. protection, 211, 212; ord. gov. to aid this school (July 16, 1623), 33, 
108, no, 38, 204; id. (June 19, 1626), 225; granting it an encom. (Jan. 10, 1734), 
47, 136, 141- Santa Potendana, ord. Dasmarifias to rep. on estab. of convent for 
training girls (Aug. 9, 1589), 45, 254, 268; appr. foundation of such house (Jan. 

37, I593), 355; appr. regul. for it (June 11, 1594), 255, 268; giving ord. to Aud. 
as to its inmates (Nov. 8, 1638), 39, 109, no; rdg. ordinances for its admin. (Nov. 
27, 1686), 45, 256. Santa Isabel, granting it an encom. (Oct 24, 1667, 1671), 
47t *35» I 4 I J granting it land in Pangasinan (Mar. 14, 1680), 45, 304; placing 
it under roy. patronage (Mar. 25, 1733), 38, 187, 47, 135. Santa Catalina, appr. 
its foundation (Feb. 17, 1716), 45, 307; granting it a church (1732), 307. Santa 
Rosa, directing beaterio of that name to educate girls (Sept 22, 1774), 260, 261, 
46, 270; transferring its admin, from pres. of Aud. to Rec provin. (Dec 17, 1891), 
370. S. Isabel (girls' school in N. Caceres), creating it (Nov. 5, 1867), 237; pre- 
scribing cost of installing it (Apr. 27, 1871), 242; erecting it into a normal school 
(Jan. 11, 1872, June 9, 1875), 230, 231; estab. seminary for benefit of cathedral 
(Nov. 28, 1697, Apr. 28, 1702), 38, 117 (see above, under name of S. Felipe); 
ord. that Fil. natives be educ. for priesthood (Aug. 22, 1677), 45» l8a * 

Conciliar seminaries, ord. that miss's must contribute for their support (May 1, 
1609), 223; id. t as to parish priests (Feb. 27, 1796), 223, 227; id. (June 1, 1799), 

38, 273, 45, 224, 227. 

Public instruction, ord. that charity schools for poor children be conducted in 
convents (Nov. 19, 1815), 46, 67; ord. that committee be formed to make regul. 
for Phil, schools (Nov. 3, 1839), 67; organizing system of primary instruction for 
Phil. Is., and providing normal school to furnish teachers for those schools (Dec 
20, 1863), 70, 72-74, 79-86, 255, 295-300. 308 (with frequent mention on other 
pages, also 45, 279, 53, 124) ; providing regul. for both normal and primary 
schools (same date), 46, 86-118; creating ad interim Sup. Board of Pub. Instruc- 
tion (Dec 5, 1870), 84, 109, 241; prescribing rules for that board (Aug. 16, 1876, 
June 5, 1877), 109; transferring supervision of schools from parish priest to munic 



284 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
authorities (Maura law -May 19, 1893), 109, no, 253 (cf. 125-143), 327-329, 
52, 153 ; (for minor decreet, tee 46* 149, 233, 293, 294, and outline of "school legis- 
lation, 1863-94," 235-259). 

Normal school at Manila, estab. it, under direction of Jes. (Dec 20, 1863), 45, 
298, 46, 79, 80; making regul. for its admin, (same date), 86-95 (cf* 210-228); 
appr. allowances for its teachers and equipment (Jan. 19, 1865), 229; appr. meas- 
ures of Phil, govt for estab. that school (May 20, 1865), 22 9» *59» various reguL 
for its admin. (1865-94), 229-234, 259. 

Normal school for women - erecting girls' school at N. Caceres into normal school 
for women teachers (Jan. 11, 2872), 230 (see its regul., pp. 142-160) ; other provi- 
sions for it, 143, 230-232 ; normal school for women, at Manila, creating such school 
(Mar. xx, 1892), 160-166, 232; providing regul. for its admin. (Mar. 31, 1892), 
166-2x0 ; other provisions, 232, 233. Miscellaneous - founding (and reorganizing) 
nautical school (Jan. x, 1820, May 9, 1839, Oct. 19, i860), 45, 240, 241; creating 
school of botany and agriculture (May 29, 1861), 3x5, 53, 321; founding school of 
agriculture (Nov. 29, 1887), 45, 3x5 (abol. some of its experiment stations, 3x6); 
creating pedagogical academy (Feb. 23, July 20, 1894), 4°> 2 34I reorganizing 
school of art (Aug. and Dec, 1893), 45, 282; directing Aud. of Charcas to pro- 
vide instruction in Span, for Ind. (Jan. 28, 1778 - extended to Phil. Is. Nov. 5, 
1782), 22x, 46, 293; concer. school regul. for Cuba (July 15, 1863, Jan. 26, 1867), 
70, 242. 

Publications, etc.: ord. history of Phil. Is. to be written (ca. x66o?), 37, 175; 
ord. that association for welfare of Phil, colony (Aug. 27, 1780), 50, 51 (see 
Sociedad Economica) ; ord. that polit. books in colony be seized (Dec. xx, 18x5), 
5 1 * 37; prohib. seditious publications (Apr. 25, X837), 53, 96; on censure and cir- 
culation of books (Oct 4, 1839, Nov. 19, 1840), 46, 96, 51, 71; on Gaceta de 
Manila (1860-61, and x888), 46, 130, 166; concer. formation of popular libraries 
(Oct X2, X87X), 244. 

Deer as by Cortes, etc.: by provisional Junta,, reorganizing the govt (1809-10), 
51, 280, 281. Cortes, in sessions of 18x0-14, 282-285; during 1820-23, 285-292; dur- 
ing 1834-37, 293-297; ord. that trade in quicksilver be free in all Span, colon. 
(Jan. 26, x8xx), 32, 382; concer. Manila institutions (Jan. 18x3), 283, 284; abol. 
Inquis. (Feb. 22, 18x3), 36, 282; rewarding veteran sold, of colon. (July 3, 18x3), 
34, 282; suppressing Acapulco gall. (Sept 14, 18x3), 284, 285; concer. presenta- 
tions for vacant curacies (1820?), 28, 230, 231; abol. Inquis. (1820), 51, 36; 
abol. Co. of Filipinas (Oct 19, 1820), 287, 288; concer. direct mails between Spain 
and Phil. Is. (June 30, 1821), 289; secularizing curacies (1821?), 28, 230; provid- 
ing for public schools and provin. univ. (incl. Manila, June 29, 1821 ; not carried 
out), 51, 289, 290; allowing Phil, substitute delegates to draw money from fund 
sent for those elected (Feb. 12, 1822), 290, 291; encouraging scientific expeditions 
to Cuba and Phil. Is. (June 28, 1822), 291; reorganizing Span, govt bureaus 
(Mar. 24, 1834), 293; adopting a new constitution, and ord. special laws for over- 
seas colon. (June 8, 1837), 65, 297. Viceroy of Valencia, edict against Moriscos, 
33, 30. Govt, of N. Espafia, ord. Legazpi to go to Phil. Is. (Sept x, 1564), 2, 
89, 100, 15, 45; ord. Legazpi to enforce roy. impost on gold (1574), 3, 226; apptg. 
successor to Legazpi (1572), 3, 99, xoo, 3, 179, 241, 15, 52, 17, 285; ordinances 
(for Phil, affairs?), 30, 143, 144; viceroy ord. Manila govt not to interfere with 
his allotment of roy. ships (1599 ?)> 10, 264; rdg. accts. of Manila treas. (Mex. 
tribunal of accts., 1612, 1626), 37, 235, 238, 239, 245; apptg. F. de Silva gov. ad 



Decrees] index 285 

interim, 17, 290; freeing children born to Ind. slaves after 1692 (1691?), 50, 
199; confiscating Bustamante's property (1720?), 44, 223. 
Br Spanish Authorities in Philippines* — 

Governmental decrees: in gen., 15, $t, 17, 302, 304; mandatory, 38, 13*; ex- 
ecutory, 4a, 32, 48, 32; issued more man once, 39> *5°» *5*» 155-160, 183, 22S, 
*39» 351, 260, 42, 32, 222; illegally made by gov. and one oidor, 44, 167; pro- 
claimed in open session of And., 11, 22-27; publicly potted, 10, 300, 11, 58, 77, 
a J, 223; publicly proclaimed, 10, 298, 300, 303, 307, «» 5*, *3» 7»» «» 94. SO, 
221; should be published periodically, 5*, 67; copies demanded, 7, 31, 39, 152; 
counterfeited, 40,242; to be executed by ale-may., 10, 297, 303-310, 11, 21, 22, 
49-5*. 77» 7*, 44. »35» 5<>, 191-363; suspended for a time, 36, 117, 39» »5Q. 160, 
251, 261; of Aud., held back by gov., 234, 241; concealed by ale-may., 36, 127; 
of c&mplase, by gov., required to make roy. decrees effective, 46, 241, 5*, 151 ; dis- 
regarded or opposed by ecc, 7, 92, 127-130, 9, 228, 270, 14, 168, 43» 222; acts 
issued by Aud. June 13, 1598-July 13, 1599, 10, 293-3x6, 3x8, 11, 21-81; "Ordi- 
nances of good govt" (see under Philippine Islands: administration), 50, 191-264. 
Political and administrative; taking possession for Spain of Luzon (by master- 
of -camp, June 6, 1570), 3, 105-107, 297; founding city of Manila (June 3, 24, 
>57z )t x 73t »74t *7» 3*5? providing rules for govt, of munic. cab., 24, 3x2; making 
reguL for roy. offic (1576-77), 4, 85, 1x0-1x2, 10, 98; convening first assembly of 
the estates (Apr. 19, 1586), 6, 158; ord. execution of Fil. conspirators (1589), 13, 
275; ord. investigation of Jap. embassy (May 24, X593), 9, 32, 33; giving ord. to 
Figuerao for conquest of Mindanao (Nov. 13, 1595), 1 81-187; ord. arrest of munic 
cab. (Jan. x, 1597), 10, 44; ord. formal reception of roy. seal (June 8, 1598), 132, 
133; expelling Jap. from Phil. (1621), 20, 52, 153; issued by usurper Bonifaz 
(1668), 37, 34, 62; by Aud. at same time, 34, 35, 39, 52, 62, 269; rdg. prosecution 
of Lezama (1687), 39> X35; ord. abp. to absolve Vargas, 294; ord. investigation 
of Bustamante murder (17x9), 44, 160, x6x; ord. that roy. fiscal be imprisoned 
(i739)f 4S> 137; ord. return of Joloan hostages (1755), 171; reorganizing dist 
near Manila (1757?), 188; abol. municipality of Cebti (id.), x88, 189; quashing 
Orendain lawsuit (1761), 192; by Anda, proclaiming himself gov. (1762), 17, 
297; ia\ stopping intercourse of prov. with Manila and Brit. (1762), 49, 266, 297; 
explaining new constitution of Spain, and necessity of levying taxes (Feb. 8, 18x4), 
51, 35; issuing revised "Ordinances of good govt." (Cruzat, Oct. x, 1696), 50, 
2x5, 2x6; repealing Arandia's ordinances (1759), 48, 191; enforcing Raon's code 
(AucL, Feb. 26, 1768), 263; creating new prov. in Luzon (x8x8, 1839, 1850), 17, 
30X, 303, 305; censuring perpetrators of massacre of foreigners (Oct. 20, 1820), 
51, 43-45; authorizing Oyanguren to conquer Davao regions (Feb. 27, 1847), 
43, 194; providing for civil govt in prov. of Manila (Jan. 31, i860), 17, 306; 
ord. reforms in admin. (1858, 1865), 306, 307; creating guardia civil (1870), 308; 
for residencia*, must be published so that Ind. know of them, 1, 51 ; rdg. residencia 
of F. de Silva (1629), 23, 56-58, 69-78, 82-86; ord. appmt of associates for 
judge of residencia (1685), 39, 224; ord. that alms from roy. tress, be given only 
to needy poor (1576), 4, 82; by Aud., refusing to honor money-orders of gov. 
(1585), 6, 68; ord. rep. on condition of treas. (1590?), II, 100; ord. that accts. 

*With a few exceptions (classed at end of this section, under "Miscellaneous"), 
these are issued by the colonial government - sometimes by governor alone, some' 
times by Audiencia, and more often by these authorities jointly (the governor being 
usually also the president of the Audiencia). 



286 THE PHILIPPINE islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
of roy. offic. be audited annually by oidora (Dec 19, 1598), IO, 311, II, 102, 103; 
suspending roy. officials pending investigation of their acts (1596), 9, 366; ord. 
roy. officials to discontinue certain sal. (1598), 11, 88, 269; rdg. payment of claim 
on treas. (ca. 1620), 19, 88; id. (1635), 36, 151, 152, 156, 157, 168-193; ooncer. 
auditing of treas. accts. (Jan., 1626), 37, 237, 238; by treas. board, as to interference 
of gov. with their acts (1628), 33, 255, 258; ord. Santisteban to pay to treas. his 
debt to deceased bp. (Sept. 15, 1792), 44, 211-213; ord. that no suits be allowed 
concer. actions before estab. of Aud. (1590?), 8, 304; declaring suits rdg. in- 
heritance, etc, to be purely sec (1682), 39, 163-166; forbid, certain incompetent 
persons to act as advocates (1683?), 168; by gov., prohib. Aud. from acting 
against Zalaeta (Jan., 1687), 135; id. t ord. release of Zalacta and Lezama (1689), 
43, 282; qualifying an oidor (Aug. zi, 1719), 44, 184; prohib. spice-trade to all 
save roy. exchq. (ca. 1573?), 11, 109, no; imposing two per cent tax on Chin, 
goods (1591), 8, 169-173, 253, 271, 279, 309; estab. monopoly on playing-cards 
(1591), 169, 309, 11, zoa, 16, 167, 246; id. t on buyo and tobacco (Jan. 29, 1624; 
never enforced), 31, 84, 85 (revoked by Aud., six months later), id. on tobacco 
(1781-82), 17, 299, 50, 54, 55; id. on gunpowder (Nov. 4, 1786), 57; levying duty 
on produce carried in coasting trade (1756?), 48, x86; placing wine monopoly under 
control of exchq. (1787), 50, 57; regul. sale of wine (Mar. 2, 1790), 64; estab. cus- 
tom-house at Zamboanga (May 9, 1831), 56; concer. duties levied on Chin. mdse. 
(Oct. 1, 1834), 58; authorizing lottery (July 8, 1833), 17, 302; id. (1850), 5a, 216; 
concer. valuation of roy. gold (1576), 4, xoi; ord. investigation of prices and sup- 
plies of necessities (June 15, 1584), 6, 51; ord. encomenderos to declare gold rec 
from trib. (1589), 7, 121; placing in roy. treas. moneys from estates of deceased 
(16x9), 18, 26 1; id., trib. for non-resident encomenderos (2636), 36, 149; reduc- 
ing pay of officials and workmen (Sept 4, 1635), 198-2x6; ord. that negro slaves 
pay trib., 263, 264; prohib. circulation of barrillas (Anda, 1763), 49, 265; authoriz- 
ing city of Manila to coin them (1765), 50, 28; concer. use of clipped coins (Apr. 
25, 1764), 186; prohib. exportation of small silver coins (Oct 30, 1799), 73; con- 
cer. coinage of money (Oct 13, 1828), 51, 54; rdg. value of Span, money (Apr. 
25, 1836), 60; ord. sale of certain offices (before 1590), 14, 160; abol. increase of 
sal. to govt, sec'y (16x9), 18, 261; ord. that rice be furnished to officials and abp. 
at trib. rate (ca. X612), 260 (revoked by Fajardo in 16x9) ; placing card monopoly 
in charge of spec, official (Dec 2, 1707), 50, 2x9; prescribing official duties of ale- 
may. (1730, 1751, 1752), 222, 224-226; rdg. papers of deceased official-elect (July 
3, 1766), 226, 227; requiring from rel. ord. opinions as to waging war against 
Zambals (Jan., 1592), 8, 199, 2x4; ord. Ronquillo to abandon forts in Mindanao 
(1598), 11, 237, 238; commiss. Morga to defend colony against Van Noordt (x6oo), 
11, 140-145, 148, 157, 175, 253, 15, 2x3-2x6; ord. that no building be erected near 
Manila walls (ca. 1604), 18, 3x1, 31, 88; by Aud., interfering with mil. authority 
of gov. (1604), x 8, 271; by gov. rdg. cashiered mil men (1617), 47; levying as- 
sessments on sold, for support of mil. hosp. (1635), 36, 3x2; ord. estab. of con- 
valescent ward, and hosp. quarters for sold. (1635), 299-304; forming cavalry 
company (1638), 39, 54; ord. forts to be built in interior of Luzon (1664), 3* 
262; providing for erection of mil. post in Paragua (17x8), 44, 151; id. (1752), 
48, 164, 165; ord. rebuilding of Zamboanga fort (17x8), 44, 152, 165; recalling 
old sold, from it (1720), 165; by Anda, rdg. Brit invasion (17*3). 49, 169-173, 
262-267, *97» 3°°i creating mil. commission to enforce law and order (1835-30)! 



Decrees] index 287 

31, 55; reorganizing infantry (1859),. 17, 306; granting amnesty to insurgent! 
(Jan. ii, 1897)1 17, 3". 

Land, industries, trade: proclaiming allotment of lands to Span, who should set- 
tle at Manila (May 23, 1571), 3, 155; allotting Ind. trib. (1576), 4, 104; transfer- 
ring encom. of individuals to crown, 80, 6, 337 ; forbid, roy. officials to hold encom. 
(May 26, 1576), 3, 304-311, 317; imposing pensions on encom., 7, 307; directing 
encomenderos in collec of trib., 8, 165; calling for claims against encom. granted 
(Oct 16*7), 33, 223; assigning encom. to various persons, 7, 118, 119, 18, 127, 
128, 33, 242-245, 47, 141, 200; granting encom. to hosp^ 4, 117, 7, 267, 8, 145; 
to other institutions, 7, 116-118, 18, 284-287, 33, 375, 45, 304, 47, 131* "35-137, 
141, 142, 204; settling boundaries of land-grants, and controversy over them be- 
tween Aug. and hosp. (1715), 200; ord. that wheat be cult in Luzon (1664), 36, 
362; ord. mat natives be obliged to plant palms and abaci, 50, 211; obliging 
reduced Zambals to cult lands in new vill. (before 1680), 47, 328; ord. forfeit- 
ure of non-cult lands (1696?), 50, 198; ord. that Pampanga lands be planted to 
food-crops (Anda, 1763?), 49, 266; ord. reforms and protection for Ind. engaged 
in agric (Mar. 20, 1784), 53, 291-301, 323; ord. that idle Ind. be obliged to work 
on estates (1825-26), 51, 52; rdg. suits and complaints roncer. farm laborers (Oct 
30, 1827), 52; ord. natives to sow their fields (ca. 1840?), 40, 211; promoting 
industries of Phil. Is. (1778-79), 50, 48; forbid mfre. and sale of sugarcane brandy 
(ca. 1725?), 320; reguL shipbuilding, and undertaking of public works (1800), 
73; ord. investigation of trade between Manila and Macao (May 23, 1591), 8, 
178; prohib. despatch of money to Macao, 34, 312; ord. that goods be not sent 
in Acapulco gall. (1628), 33, 371; ord. investigation of Acapulco shipments and 
roy. treaty and compelling restitution for frauds (1717), 44, 150, 151; making re- 
forms in conduct of Acapulco trade (1756?), 48, 189; authorizing comml. com- 
pany (1756), 183, 184; prohib. import, and use of opium in Phil. (Dec 1, 1814), 
01, 36; forbid, foreigners to sell goods at retail (Feb. 4, 1828), 17, 301, 302, 51, 
71 (renewed Nov. 11, 1840). 

Municipal and local affairs: granting city of Manila rents from Parian, 9, 268, 
14, 152, 153; imposing fines for excessive gambling, and punishing frauds by 
shopkeepers, 16, 246; ord. stone, not wood, in Manila buildings (1596), 10, 44; 
forbid, hucksters in Manila (June 25, 1598), 296-298; regul. supply and sale of 
provisions there (1598), 11, 304-310; ord. that cattle-owners must keep animals 
within bounds (ca. 1605), 14, 156; ord. Ind. hucksters in Manila from prov. to 
return home (1606), 169; punishing frauds in sale of building materials (1628?), 
33, 247; prohib. bread-baking outside public ovens, 34, 324, 325; ord. public 
prayers for safety of city (1662), 36, 220; ord. festivities in honor of Ali-Mudin's 
conversion (1750), 48, 152; prohib. gambling (1763?), 49, 265; regul. weights and 
measures (1763?), 365; id. (ca. 1815), 51, 37; id. (1827?), 55; regul. sale of pro- 
visions in prov. (1763), 49, 297; repressing crime (1779?), 50, 49, 50; ord. domi- 
ciliary visitation of Manila, and punishing immoral persons, (ca. 1828?), 51, 55; 
authorizing estab. of houses of exchange (June 18, 1857), 17, 306; estab. govt 
pawnshop in Manila (Jan. 18, i860), 306, 53, 216; reforming customs rdg. ceme- 
teries and funerals (1887), 173. 

Natives of Philippines: ord. rep. of Fil. conspiracy to be sent to king (May 20, 
1589), 7, 95, 96; fixing status of children of Ind. slave and free mother, 14, 158 
(in 1606 revoked in favor of old custom) ; confirming ordinance by city of Manila 
forbid. Ind. to wear Chin, fabrics (Apr., 1591), and ord. investigation as to its 



288 THE Philippine islands [Decrees 

Decrees: Secular, etc. (continued) — 
desirability (Apr. 9), 8, 78, 79, 83, 379; ord. encomenderot to collect no trib. from 
Ind. destitute of instruction and justice (1591), 167; id. to purchase galley-slaves 
from Ind. chiefs, 12, 339, 294, 16, 248; regul. status of Ind. slaves, 11, 303, 304; 
forbid, interpreters to trade with natives (Jan. 7, 1599), 26, 27; rdg. suits concer. 
Ind. (id.), 29-32, 41, 42, 49-51 ; ord. all unemployed natives to leave Manila (Feb. 
xi, 1579), 62, 63; ord. collec of trib. from Ind. there (Mar. 22, 1579), 71, 7s; 
exempting Ind. in service of churches and convents from personal services (before 
z 59<>)» SO, 203; ord. that trib. be paid part in kind, part in money (1604), 212, 
261, 262; punishing exactions from Ind. by officials and encomenderos (1627?), 
272; ord. mat roy. fiscal be protector of Ind. (1628), 291; impressing natives for 
work in Manila (1648?), 36, 127, 128; releasing slaves (1650), 38, 131; ord. 
suppression of polo funds in Ind. vill. (Mar. 22, 1657), 50, 2x0; reducing Zambab 
to vill. life (ca. 1679), 47, 328; id. (1689), 43, 42; prohib. Pampangos from trad- 
ing with Zambals (1688?), 42; providing for reduction of insurgent and wild 
Ind. in prov. (Sept 13, 1688), 50, 212, 2x3; rdg. titles of officials-elect in Ind. 
vilL (Sept. 23, 1693), 209; forbid, certain exemptions from personal services (Dec. 
24, 1695), 204; providing for punishment of disorderly natives in Ind. vili (id.), 
2x5; ord. ale-may. to forbid all intercourse between subject Ind. and heathen and 
fugitive mountaineers (Jan. 7, 1696?), 2x4; ord. persecution of idolatry and am- 
Urias, 40, 248; forbid. Span, to live in Ind. vill., 46, 277, 286 (revoked, by 
Cruzat) ; ord. (by tress, officials) that Ind. be paid for conveying trib. to provio, 
capitals (Apr., 1696), 50, 2x0; enforcing laws forbid, ecc and officials from de- 
manding services of Ind. (Feb. 22, 1697), 2x6; regul. services of Ind. to churches, 
and amount of contrib. by natives for church feasts (1697, 1704), 2x6-2x8; regal 
conduct of rel. in Camarines, and their treatment of natives (oidor Gueruela, 
1702), 4a, 304-308; opposing some native marriage customs (Apr. 8, 1704), 50, 
2x7; prescribing fees paid by Ind. to officials (May 16, 1724), 220; regul govt 
purchases of produce from Ind. (Dec. 10, 1725), 221; rdg. collec. of trib. (1725?), 
221; concer. land controversy of natives with Dom. (ca. 1745), 48, 30, 32; rdg. 
election of native officials (Oct. 25, 1751), 50, 223; ord. estab. of schools for teach- 
ing Span, to natives (Oct. 19, 1752), 223, 224; forbid. Ind. women to serve in 
convents and churches (Nov. 23, 1757), 238; exempting natives from taxes and 
services (An da, 1763?), 49, 265; regul. apptmt of heads of barangay (Mar. 29, 
1789)1 SO, 60, 61; regul. registration of natives for collec of trib. (Jan. 30, 1799), 
72; forbidding rel. to flog natives (ca. 1835?), 28, 257, 258; opening casino for 
natives in Manila (Oct 31, 1844), 52, 2x6; prohib. use of opium by Ind. and 
Chin, (1844?), 2x6; ord. that surnames be given to natives (Nov. xx, 1849), 17, 
304; ord. that they be taught Span, language (Oct 19, 175a), 46, 277, 285, 287, 
BO, 223, 224; id. (1758). 46, 279, 286, 50, 26x; id. (1768), 46, 278, 286, 287, 
SO, 237; id. (1883-87), 46, 250-252, 280; id. (1893), 28x. 

Chinese in Philippines: subjecting them to oppressive restrictions (1582-83), 5, 
237; permit. Chin, workmen only to live at Manila, and sending home traders 
(1591?), 8, 273, 274, 16, 195; ord. that Chin, traders be impressed for roy. gal- 
leys (ca. 1539), 16, 251; depriving Chin, of political privileges in Manila (1596), 
10, 42; expelling Chin, traders (1596), 42, 49, 50; prohib. their ships from carry- 
ing many people, 82; Chin, debtors may be sold to forced labor (June 13, X598), 
293, 294; ordinances by Aug. for govt, of Chin, residents (Jan. 26, X599), 11, 56- 
58; forbid, them to have godchildren (May 17, 1599), 75-77; prescribing their 
occupations (id.), 77, 78; limiting no. of passengers in each Chin, champan 



Decrees} INDEX 289 

(1604?), 14, 151; allowing 1,500 Chin, traders to remain in Manila (June, 1605), 
51, 53, 150, 15a; Chin, may not remain in city at night (before 1608), 16, 198; 
increasing trib. to be paid by Chin. (ca. 1612?), 18, 30S; forbid, alc-msy. to grant 
Chin. licenses (1635?), 33, 187; expelling vagabond Chin. (at 1619), 19, iiS; 
confiniog Chin, traders to Parian (1630), 33, 105; reguL fees for Chin, licenses, 

34, 310, 311; ord. Chin, to live in Parian (at 1635), 36, 139; paying rel. minister 
to Chin, from their communal fund (1630-35), 143, 144; granting separate com- 
munal fund to Chin, of Tondo (1636), 145; imposing new taxes on Chin. (1639), 

35, 195; confining all Chin, to Parian (166a), 36, 343; prohib. to Chin, trade 
and inte r co ur se with Ind., 44, 135; not allowed to lira among Ind. (1095-96), 
go, aoo; expelling Chin, from Pampanga miss. (1706), 43, 255; ia\ from islands 
(1709), 44, 146; id. (175S), 17, *97» 48, 180, 50, 44; ord. erection of alcaiceria 
for Chin. (1756?), 48, 183, 183; providing for safety of Chin, trading vessels 
(Anda, 176a), 40, 144, 145; impressing Chin, for pub. works (1764), 50, 157 
(aboL Apr, 1765, p. 158) ; expelling Chin, from PhiL (1769), 17, 298, 50, a8 
(revoked in 1778, p. 50) ; id. (1786), 57; modifying roy. decree for reducing and 
taxing Chinese residents (1834), 5 1 * 54 J regulating their status (Aug. 31, 
1838), 7a 

EccUsuu&csd tstaU: requiring abp. to absolve excom. roy. officials, and declin- 
ing his juried, over them (1589), 7, 197-139; increasing Arce's sal while acting 
abp. (Aug. 5, 1616), 18, 349, 143; banishing provisor Monroy (before 1624, but 
suspended until Sept, 1635), 35, 306, 307, an; assigning abprc to Arce (Jan. 39, 
1630), 39, 260, 51, 30a; in Guerrero con tr o v e r s y (1635-36), 38, 23a, 238, 276- 
282; concer. epis. visitation of rel. cures (1654-56), 36, 153, 154; ord. new divi- 
sion of Manila parishes (1680?), 39, 354; ord. acting bp. to reside at his dioc 
seat (at 1681), 150, 250; acts in Pardo controversy (1681-83), 150-168, 172, 173, ao6> 
338, 239, 249-252, 255, 257, 260, 294; exiling Pardo from his see (1683; and again 
in 1688), 160, 168, 229, 239, 241, 251, 258, 261, 269, 43, 274; reguL govt by cab. 
in sedi viuamU (1683), 39, 170, 1S3; transferring authority of ecc cab. to Bsrri- 
entos (1684), 183, 210, 221; restoring Pardo to his see (Oct 24, 1684), 176, 184, 
311, 3x2, aax, 265, 266, 43, 331, 232; concer. alleged usurpation of roy. juried, by 
bp. (1687), 265; restraining abp. in Mariqulna case (1687), 39, 143, 143; sending 
exped. against Zambals (x688), 43, 269, 270; imprisoning oidors, and appointing 
sub s tit u tes for them (1688), 39, 231-238, 43, 258, 259; protecting prebends from 
bp. (1690), 40, 22, 23; ord. that fees of cures conform to roy. tariffs (Mar. 8, 
1708), 50, 2x9; arresting abp. and other ecc (Oct to, 17x9), 44, 156; grants to 
suffragan cathedral (1723), 47, 132; rdg. condliar seminaries (x 802-03), 45* 
223-229; charging dioc authorities to provide for supervision of native schools 
(after 1863), 46, 85. 

Religious orders : grants of aid to, 6, 46, 3x7, 3x9 (confirmed by king, Apr. 38, 
1584); rdg. missions to Chin, in Tondo (1589?), 7, 131; forbid, friars to exact 
services or contributions from Ind. (1606), 14, 167; ord. demolition of churches 
and convents on seacoast (Dec 19, 1647), 36, 1x7, xx8; forbid, ord. to impose 
interdict, except in support of dioc authorities (1683), 39, 172, 173; approving 
allotment of Masbate to Rec (Nov. 26, 1686), 41, 2x5, 244; ord. collec of tithes 
from. rel. ord. (May, 1698), 43, 32; ord. rel. to reoccupy their abandoned curacies 
(1708), 36, 156; allotting rel. ord. wine for mass (trees, officials, Dec 5, 1738), 
47, *54; adjusting claims of friars to lands (1745), 48, 32; cutting off grants to 
rel. ord. (1757), 185, x86; notifying provin. to restrain preaching friars (1764), 
50, 25; enforcing on friars roy. right of patronage (1767), 29, 30, 4a 



290 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Decrees 

Decree*: Secular, etc. (continued) — 

Augustinians, receive one-fourth of vill. trib. while building churches (before 
1609), 16, 154; assigning them annual income from encom., 7, 116. 

Dominicans, ord. them to minister to Chin, at Manila (158s?), 7, 91; assign- 
ing Zambal miss, to Dom. (1678), 43, 39, 40; banishing Dom. preachers (1684), 
39, 177, **4. a««» 4*, 221-224. 

Jesuits, granting mem land (Sept 1, 1640), 35, *7%% «74; rdg. privileges for 
trading, 39, 161; ord. demolition of Jes. church at Mariquina (Mar. 23, 1687), 
134, 146, 242; censuring and- Jes. writings (ea. 1761), 49, 187. 

Recollects, appr. allotment of Masbate, etc to them (Nov. 26, 1686) , 41, 2x4, 
2x5; rebuking Rec preacher (Mar. 5, 1687), 39, 137; assigning Negroa Is. to 
Rec (June 20, 1848), 28, 3x9, 320. 

Order St. John of God, govt granting aid (June 19, x68o; extended Sept 
17, 1705, and July 2, 1735), 47, i37» H*. «74J id. (1704-09), 204-207; ord. pay- 
ment of money for rebuilding their convent (Apr. x, 1805), 51, 38. 

Misericordia, hospitals, etc.: early grants to hosp., 6, 3x9, 320; making rales for 
its conduct (1592), 8, 245-249; grants to Misericordia (1594-96), 47, 29; trasfer- 
ring roy. hosp. to its care (Jan. 3, 1598), 34; grants by various gov. (1600-60), 
42, 71; aid to hosp. (before 1608), 14, 262, 263; turn, supplies to Cavite hosp. 
(1619, and 1657; tress, officials), 47, i66 t 167; confirming rules of Misericordis 
(Sept 4, x 625), 78 ; erecting seminary of S. Juan Letran, and granting it lands (June 
x8, X640), 98, 139, 45, xo8; authorizing foundation of hosp. at Bagumbaya, 47, 
169; requiring loan from Misericordia (Mar. x, 1653), 46; granting it financial 
admin, of hosp. (Mar. 22, 1656), 98, 144, 145; providing medicines for hots. 
(Sept 27, X709), 47, 207. 

Education: providing funds for seminary for educ Jap. as priests (Jan. 29, 
1624), si, 84, 85; revoking this grant, and ord. that seminary building be demol- 
ished (by Aud., July 23, 1624), 84-95, 3*91 estab. coll. at Manila under care of 
Jes. (Aug. -Sept, 1595), 45, 101, 102, 1x2; estab. S. Jose" coll. (1610), 105-107; 
assigning income to this coll. (1596), 9, 272; giving precedence to S. Jose* over 8. 
Tomas (May x6, 1647), 45, xxx, 118; assigning it Ind. trib. (Sept 22, 1695), "9»* 
ord. that regul. for it be made (Aug. x, 1878, Oct. 15, 1879), 134, 135; founding 
S. Felipe coll. (Dec 23, 1640), 174; erecting univ. of S. Tomas (Jury, 1648), 49, 
147; approv. rules for its govt (1785-86), 157, 249, 46, 341; appr. statutes for 
gen. education (Oct 20, 1786), 347; creating commission to carry out roy. de- 
crees for educ system (Oct 6, 1863), 70; appr. regul. for public schools (Feb. x$, 
1864), 119-125; making improvements in them (May 7, 1871), 73, 242, 243; rdg. 
secondary and superior educ (Jan. 15, 1876), 247; classifying schools (Feb. 27, 
1893), 8x, 257; outline of legislation on educ matters (1863-94), 228-260; various 
other decrees (1863-95), S3, 84, 97, xo6, 107, 109, X56, 158, 270, 296, 298, 3x1; 
concer. normal schools and teachers (1864-89), 70, 149, 229-231; Manila normal 
(1864-93), 2x6, 2x7, 229, 230; N. C ace res normal (May 26, 1873), 230, 231; 
assigning Escuela pia to Jes. (Dec, 1859), 45, 284; erecting it into Ateneo (1865), 
284; appr. regul. for munic school for girls (Feb. 15, 1864), 46, 1x9; authoris- 
ing girls' school at Concordia (Dec. 7, 1870), 24X, 242; providing for schools for 
adults (May 7, 1871), 108; rdg. textbooks (1868-94), 238, 243, 257-259; allowing 
"Christian Doctrine" to be printed (1593), 9, 68; granting encom. to 8. Poten- 
dana (Feb. 4, 1668), 47, 135-142; ord. printing of Ra6n's ordinances (Sept xx, 
1 801), 50, 227; aiding S. Potenciana (tress, officials, Sept 22, 1808), 45, 257, 
269; providing for direction of nautical school, 242, 254; appr. estab. of 



Demarcation] index 291 

school (Jan. 15, 1840), 254; regul. trade in boob (1854), 53, 2x6; creating botan- 
ical garden (Sept 1$, 1858), 321; authorising printing of Autos acordados (Jan. 
10, 1S61), 17, 307; transferring 8. Potendana to S. Isabel (x86x), 45, 305; plac- 
ing 8. Rots in charge of Sisters of Charity (Jan. 26, x866), 309; authorising 
•stab, of S. Jose coll. at Jaro, 311 ; offering prises lor Span, grammars in native 
dialects (Oct 6, 1885), 46, a8a 

Miscellaneous: by roy. visitor, rules for auditing trees, sects. (1633), 37, 249- 
351; ord. declaration of goods at Acapulco (1637), 30, 104-107; by alcaldes, 51, 
in; i</., ord. investigation as to use of Chin, fabrics by natives (May 13, 1591), 
•» 83, 95; by Manila cabildo, forbid. Ind. to wear Chin, fabrics (Mar. 30, 1591), 
87, 79, 83; by corregidor of Tondo, 51, 39; by courts, concerning Kalamba, 53, 
175 ; i*t\, laymen's decree, defined, 39, 203. 

T other Rulers or Authorities — 

Portugal (govt), confirming treaty of Tordesillaa, 3i 124-127; authorising trade 
of Macao with Manila (1688), 43, 151; Chinese emperor (ckafk), 6, in, 35, 
Z77» by insurgent Chin., st Antipolo, 39, 241; Japanese emperor (mainly against 
Chris.), 9, 47, 14, 220, 15, 122, 123, 17, i3*\ *S» 81, 218, 30, 23, 26, 33, 46, 
34, 323; British at Manila, 49, 149, 163, 165-169. U. S. authorities- U. S. Con- 
gress, "Phil. Govt Act" (July x, 1902), 45, 140; Phil. Commission (1901-02), 
136-140, 3x7, 328; Gen. Otis, rdg. school of medicine in S. Jose coll. (1899), 136, 
139; Schurman commission (Apr. 4, 1899), 234; by FiL insurgents (1898), 53, 
196. 

tegrado, Anton Alvarez: signs letter, 3, 182. 

degrees: of latitude and longitude (see Geography) ; academic (see Education). 

'clandecho, Gen. Matias: Tello imprisons, 10, 45. 

telanun (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, 36, 57. 

tekgste, papal See under Ecclesiastical affairs. 

telende, Elias, 11, 153. See Lende, Elias de. 

telgsdo, Alonso, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 92. 

telgado, Alonso, OP.: his miss, labors, 30, 121, 125, 281, 282, 284, 31, 190, 224, 
33, 265. 

telgado, Capt Frutos: arrives at Msnila, 43, 291; official positions, 47, 77. 

telgado, Juan Jose, S.J.: a miss'y, 40, 14, 183; cited, in defense of FiL, 40, 197-201, 
305-2x5, 2x9, 226, 234-254, 265, 278, 283-295; id. t on population of Phil, in 1750, 
38, 35a See also under Books and MSS. 

telgado, Mateo (Rec) : 35, 65. 

telgado, Pedro (Span, officer): various mention, 16, 53, 309, 31, 94; ransomed by 
Misercordia, 47, 60. 

•elgado, Simon: witnesses documents, 36, 72, 107, 304. 

'elgado y Floret, Mathias (oidor) : signs decree, 31, 91, 93 ; member of Miser- 
icordia, 47, *7- 

•el-Pan, Felipe: editor in Manila, 38, 352; his estimate of Comyn, 1, 41. See also 
Books. 

lemsreation, Line of: mention, 3, 135, 247, 250, 252, 260, 265, 270, 278, 289, 297, 
300-303, 5, 256, 15, 4*, 43, «7«, *77, *°, «9, **, 3*7, *5, 7©, 4$, 3*9? application 
and object, 268-270; drawn by Alexander VI (1493), 1, 23, 109, xxo; bulls for, 1, 
95-114 (see Decrees, etc, ecclesiastical: discoveries); location, 13, 24, 30, 31, 12a, 
X25, 131-134* 187-190, 208, 223, 226, 307, 308, 3, X22-X26, 4, 145, 33, 93 5 un- 
certainty rdg., 1, 24-29, 307, 308; controversies on, 1, 89, 130, 156, 19a, 2x1, 2x2, 
3, 82, 3, X2X-X3X, 4, 145; how determined, 1, 131-135, 141, 206-2x0, 3, 124; dis- 



292 THE Philippine islands [Demarcation 

Demarcation, Limb of (continued) — 

tenets from, 33, 109, 133, 187, *>5* *", *3», S53, 34, 73, m, "St "9> MS* tstafc, 
i f 89, 90; treaties thereon, 24, 131-135, «39» *59-**4; on maps, 181, 182, 226, 3* 
xa6; its extension, i v 25, 208; Span, claims, 27, 4, xo, 131; 48, 270; Span. ortL to 
respect, 1, 221, 379, 282, 3, 26, 54, 78, 80, 91; infringements, 64, 96, xx8; its coa- 
nection with Magalhies exped., 1, 28, 32; annulled, 90; documents rdg* 95-245* 

Demariaca, 18, 241, 243. See Saldiernos Demariaca, Pedro de. 

Demons. See Devil. 

Denao (vill. in Cebti) : burned by Port, 3, 306, 307. 

Denaveda, Joseph: Morga's servant; 11, 162. 

Denian, — (Fil. artist): miniatures by, 45, 277. 

Dene, Nicholas, S.J.: his work in Basilan, 44, 9a 

Desa, Pablo: accompanies Moluccan prince in captivity, 4, 229. 

Desaumerios: sold, by Chin, to Fil., 8, 79. 

Distmbarg; appellation of Port privy council, 1, 120, 121, 174, 3, 275. 

Despanya. See Espana, Cardinal of. 

Despia Ssaravia, Alonso (notary): official act, 14, 269. 

Despinosa, Cspt Juan: a witness, 36, 1x3. 

Despinosa, Rrodrigo: pilot of "San Pablo," 3, 32. 

Despujol, Eulogio, gov. of Phil.: official acts, 46, x6e\ 332; sketch, 17, 311. 

Dessosa San Pago, Capt Martin: ransomed, 20, 149, 15a 

Devil (or demon) : his influence over the natives, 219, 285, 30, 181, 182, ift, 
347. *8o\ 289, 290, 296, 303, 31. 73. *86\ 33, 4«, 3*» 87-93, 97, 99, 44, 71; wor- 
shiped or Invoked, 3, 138, 139, 6, 141, 140% 198, 214, 15, 29A **» *$h *«» «t, 
144-146, 203, 204, 207, 22X-223, 228, 844, 33, I7«. 3©, 19a, 385, 318, 3l» *S» 1381 
139, 155* "o, 33, 55* "3, 35, 38, 36, 109, 41, 207, 43, 48, 5», 5% 44* 59. 9« 
(see also the various native peoples) ; addressed by his priests and takes posses- 
sion of them, 6, 147, 7, 190, 191, 15, 39*\ 16, 132, 30, 179, 181, 190, 191, 28* 
*93, 3i» a©\ 35» »4*, 33, 6$ 9 40, 76, 135*138; sacrifices to, 16, 262, 31, 137, 138, 

30, 186, 191, 192, 288, 301, 31, X45> 33, 55* 38, 219, 221, 236, 239; dedication to, 
of natural objects, 30, 289-292; uL, of temples, 31, 232, 38, 92; seen in dreaosi 
or visions, 17, 6x, 39, 18, 269, 31, 34, 139, *98, 299, 44, 97; impersonated, 3* 
291, 299, 300; deceives people, 13, 269, 33, 57; his tricks and witchcraft, 30, 290- 
294; exactions by, 286; torments human beings, 13, 274, 17, 76, 77, 31, 34, 33, 
33, *4. »43, X50, X5X, X39, 2x2, 2x3, 38, 38; hostilities with Chris, 17, 69, 70, 3a, 
185, 186, 292, 33, 42, 44; exorcised by reL ministers, 30, 179, 191, son, 306; 907, 

31, 26, 35, 141, 162-164, 201, 33, 106, 246, 41, 156, 44, 7*- Obsession by demons, 
31, x©\ 294, 295. 

Devitt, Rev. E. I, 8. J.: thanked, 13, 25. 

Dewey, Adm. George: captures Manila (1898), 17, 3x2, 53, 120, 199. 

Deza, Francisco (ecc.) : archdeacon of Manila cathedral, 39, 153, 291, 43, 28a 

Deza, Francisco, S.J.: in Negros, 36, 56. 

Deza, Juan, O.P.: life and labors, 30, 202-204. 

Diaga: Joloan chief, 11, 295. 

Diama (Abaca village) : population, 48, 63. 

Diamalud Quiram (Mahamad, sultan of J0I6) : treaty with (Sept 22, 1836), 51, iv 

Dian Masalanta (Tag. divinity) : his functions, 7, 189. 

Diss, Antonio: acts as witness, 37, 35. 

Diss, Vicente: Port pilot, 13, 36. 

Diaz, Amaro (ecc) : commended, 35, 3x2, 3x9; mil. at his house, 37, 33a 



Diaz] INDEX 293 

Diaz, Antonio, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, So. 

Diaz, Bartolome (Port navigator) : discovert Cape of Good Hope (14*6), 1, 13, 19$. 

Dias, Capt Bartolome (Span, officer) : pursues mores, 31, 163. 

Diaz, Benito: encom. assigned to, 34, 309. 

Dfaz, Benito, OSS.: misty in Manados, 35, 307. 

Diaz, Bias, O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 397. 

Dfas, Caomiro, CMLA: visits Sakedo, 37, 366; declines to judge Vargas, 39, 

190; procurator-gen. of order, 4 J, 187; cited, 38, 245. See also under Books 

andMSS. 
Dias, Cathalina: vision seen by, 3*, 36. 
Dias, Diego (regidor) : votes for open cab., 35, 139. 

Dias, Domingo (sec of abp.) :. official acts, 39* 140-149, 165; character, 119. 
Dias, Fernando, OJP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 
Dias, Francisco, O.P.: in danger from Chin, rioters, 33, 346; in Formosa, 35, 40, 

41; life, 3*, 246, 37. 77- 
Dias, Gabriel (official of Mez. mint) : acts for Legazpi, 3, 106. 
Dias, Hernando: acts as witness, 8, 185. 

Diaz, Joan: Span, adventurer in Cambodia, 15, 189, 190, 279, 31, I7S- 
Dias, Juan (ale-may.) : claim on treat., 36, 186; slaughters Chin., 39, 337. 
Dias, Luis, O.S.A.: official dignities, 43, 339, 383. 
Dias, Marcos: killed by ChiiL, 14, 138. 

Dias, Martin (ecc) : various mention, 38, 315, 41, 173, 334, 43, 187, 188. 
Diaz, Salvator: escapes from Dutch, 33, 144. 
Diaz, Suero: killed by mutineers, 16, 26a 
Diaz de Amaral, Francisco (Port official) : 3, 375. 
Dfaz Arenas, Rafael: investigates agric of Philippines, 51, 39. See also under 

Books and MSS. 
Diaz de Armendariz, Lope (marquis de Cadereita) : apptd. viceroy of Mez., 36, 381, 

39, 73; official acts concer. Phil. It., 36, 370, 39, 74, 186, 30, 87, 88; residencia, 

39, 189; sketch, 73. 
Diaz Barrera, Bartolome' (Span, officer): mil. acts, 37, 318, 319; apptd. gov. of 

Zamboanga, 349, 350, 39, 119. 
Diaz Barroso, Pedro (Span, officer) : apptmt and saL, 33, 336, 337. 
Diaz del Castillo, Capt Gabriel: houses confiscated, 45, 173. 
Diaz Conde, Antonio (alcalde of Hermandad) : attends council of war, 49, 87. 
Dfaz Condi, Manuel: member of election board, 51, 381. 
Diaz del Cosio, Pedro, O.P.: his memorial to queen-regent, 38, 73-75. 
Diaz Delaleres, Antonio: master of a ship, 8, 193. 
Diaz de Febra, Capt Marcos de (Port) : obtains at Manila Span, troops for Tidorc, 

18, 348, 349, 16, 377. 
Diaz Giralthe, Rodrigo (member of Manila ecc cab.) : signs petition, 18, 193. 
Diaz Guerrero, Joan: reward ordered for, 7, 151. 
Diaz Guiral, Rodrigo (roy. fiscal): various mention, 14, 9, 13, 16; letters to king, 

15-17, 149, 150; characterized, 71; favors Rec, 31, 37a 
Diaz Ibafiez, Capt Juan, in Binalatongan, 38, 303. 
Diaz de Isla, Gregorio: curate of Santiago, 39, 153. 
Diaz Marmolejo, Diego: his encom., 8, 13a 
Diaz de Mendoza (Mendoca), Francisco: death, 38, 56. 
Diaz de Mendoza, Capt Pedro: director of ceremonies, 36, 36. 
Diaz Pardo, Capt Juan: attempts to escort rel. to China, 6, 130, 131. 



294 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Diaz 

Diaz Plicgo, Capt Diego: acts at witness, 37, 34. 

Diaz Puertas, Francisco: cited, 45, »7'- 

Diaz de la Ribera (Rivera), Pedro (tec priest): aenricet merit reward, 34, 337; 
apptmts., 36, 28a; sketch, 35. 316. 

Diaz de Rivera, Francisco, O. St J. of G.: sketch, 47, 196. 

Diaz Romero, Francisco: deputy of Phil, colony to Span, court, 44, 286. 

Diaz de Solis, Juan (Johan, Span, explorer) : eaten by S. Amer. cannibals, 1, 311, 
31a; exped. ends disastrously, 33, 13, 51; sketch, 30a 

Diaz de Tudanco, Doctor Pedro: member of Council of Indias, 9, 159. 

Diaz Yifiez, Capt Juan: takes part in exped. against natives, 38, 145, 167, 171. 

Dicalayon (miss.) : location, 38, 288. 

Dicastillo, Capt Gregorio: exped. in Mindanao, 36, 133, 38, 13a 

Dicasds, Miguel, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 149. 

Dicayo (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, 36, 57; conversion of its chief, 44, 99. 

Diego (a Zambal convert) : betrays native priests, 38, 334. 

Diego, Felipe (Span.) : enslaved .in Borneo, 4, 152, 154. 

Diego, Francisco, O.S.A.: miis*y to Phil, 34, 148. 

Diemen, Antonio van: gov.-gen. of Dutch possessions in Orient, 35, 145. 

Diez, Hilarion, O.S.A.: 38, 231; apptd. abp., 51, 50; sketch, 314, 315; cited, 46, 321. 

Digma, Alonso (Fil. chief) : a conspirator, 7, 103. 

Dignes (vill. in Mindanao?) : Rec. convent at, 31, 24a. 

Digos (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. reduction, 43, 243, 279. 

Diguana, 11, 295. See Liguana. 

Dila (Tagacaola slave) : baptized, 43, 242. 

tDilao (suburb of Manila): a roy. encom. (1591), 8, 100; pop., 100; Chin, insur- 
/ gents at (1603), 14, 125, 16, 39, 40, 39, 355; Jap. colony there, 16, 6a, 3a, 163, 
r 36, 91, 38, 167. Admin, by Fran., 13, 348, 31, 66 % 36, 79, 38, 146, 35, 307. 
3«3i 38, 55; church and miss, for Jap. residents, 30, 233, 31, 69, 34, 34. 43«» 33» 
Z20 (church demolished by Span, commander, 36, 246) ; epis. visitation thereof by 
Serrano (1622), 31, 32, 36, 38, 57-61, 71; Fran, convent (N. S. de la Candelaria), 
x 9» 761 35, 307; its status in 1649, *7 8 » *79J charitable foundations therein, 38, 
128, 188; hosp. (San Lazaro) there, 147, 168, 36, 209. Natives render aid at 
Binondo (1687), 39, 140. See also Paco (another name for Dilao). 

Diluan (vill. in Cebu) : burned by Port, 3, 306, 307. 

Dim Mhon: Chin, name of Limahon (g.v.) t 4, 24. 

Dimasanca (Dimasangcay, Fil. chief) : 10, 67, 40, 127. See Limasancay. 

Dimiao (vill. in Cebu) : in charge of sec priest, 38, 276; of Rec, 329; pop. (1878), 
333. 

Dinagat (vill. in Mindanao) : ceded to Jes., 38, 343. 

Dinagungan, Angelina (native convert) : saves images, 38, 117. 

Dinalavang (I talon [?] chief): conversion, 48, 71. 

Dinao (encom.) : assigned to Riquel, 34, 305. 

Dinay (Dinai, vill. in Calamianes) : attacked by Moras, 35, 87, 36, 146; Rec con- 
vent, removed to Linacapan for safety, 31, 245, 252. 

Dincalin. See Dangcalan. 

Dingle (same as Dingras?, vill. in Luz6n): Span, at, 34, 39, 37, 248. 

Dingras (Dinglas, valley and vill. in Ilocos) : encom. in, 8, 108; produces gold, 
3, 223; earthquake in, 19, 67. Pop. (1582), 5, m (1591), *, »o* (<*• 1612), 17, 
»97 («893)f *3, 296. Jes. at, 13, 196; admin, by Aug., 17, 197, 33, ^^6, 38, 159, 
167, 37, 165, 166, 178, 185, 223, 246, 48, *7- 



Diseases] index 295 

Dinguilibot (prince of Mindanao) : offers help to Span^ 1 6, 271. See also Dongan- 
libor. 

Dionlno (Port king) : founds mil. order (1318), I, i$7* 

Dionisio, S.J. (lay-brother) : accompanies Ledesma, 13, 140* *43* ' 

Dionisio: misprint for Diego, 5*, 339* - 

Dios, Juan de (Pil. convert) : baptism, 38, 26, 27. 

Dipoloc (Dipolo, Dipolog, vill. in Mindanao): pop. (1655), 36, 61; id. (1656), 38, 
96; Jes. at, 36, 57. See also Siripolo. 

Disacan: Jes. miss, in, 38, 151, 171. 

Disamortization: defined, 50, 271. 

Diseases, etc, and Remedies — 

Diseases: of Phil. I*, 51, 77, 78; among mil. forces, 3, 37, 38, 4, *79» >So, 8, 
242, 9, 44, 60; caused by lack of food, 10, 115; by ill-usage, 44, 47; by putrid 
exhalations, 4 J, 159; by witches, 7, 192, 43, 31 1-3 19, 48, 114; superstitions rdg., 
5, 129, «33