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Full text of "The Philippine islands, 1493-1803 : explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the Catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the beginning of the nineteenth century"

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The PHILIPPINE 
ISLANDS 1493-1898 

Explorations by Early Navigators, Descriptions of the 
Islands and their Peoples, their History and Records of 
the Catholic Missions, as related in contemporaneous 
Books and Manuscripts, showing the Political, Eco- 
nomic, Commercial and Religious Conditions of those 
Islands from their earliest relations with European 
Nations to the close of the Nineteenth Century 



TRANSLATED FROM THE ORIGINALS 

Edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and 
James Alexander Robertson, L.H.D., an3 with in- 
troduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord 
Bourne. With maps, portraits and other illustrations 

Volume LV 
Analytical Index to the Series^ J- Z 



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The Arthur H. Clark Compjiny 

Cleveland, Ohio 

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INDEX, continual 

[For list of abbreyiadoDt we Vol. 54* page 15.] 

Jacas, Hbrmenbgiloo, S.J.: asks for cxtentioo of noimal school, 46, 3x0-3x6. 

Jacatra (Chacatra, Jhacatra, Xacatra, town in Java) : Dutch trade there, J3i 3^, 
97f ^7> 93; they build fortified town of Batayia (9.V.) 00 its ruins (1619), JJ, 
21 5> 35t X45; town destroyed in siege by Javanese (1639) ; Le Maire's exped. at, 
18, 280; name often applied to Batavia (9.v.)i ^^t 305i ^3, 96, J7, 106, 107, 
etc.; id.f to island of Java (g.v., under Islands), J5, 51, 4a, 174. 

Jaddi (Mahometan dignitary): rank, 48, 160. 

Jadore Vunig^ ( Jadore Vunghi, Tadore Vimghi, Tematan prince) : 33, 359, 364. 

Jagna (vill. in Bohol) : Legazpi at, J8, 336; population, 333; sold, at, a8, 330; 
admin, by Rec., 329, 33a 

Jagor, Feodor (Ger. traveler): in Phil., 17, 306, 5a, 123. See also under Books. 

Jahor: 33, 332. See Johor. 

Jaime (Jacobo, son of Felipe II) : birth and early death, 3, 373, 28a 

Jaime, Esteban, SJ.: in Negroa, 36, 56. 

Jalajala (vill. in Luz6n): admin, by sec, a8, 301; Gironiire's colony at, 5a, 31X. 

Jalapa (Mex.) : belongs to city of Mexico, 5, 248; priests ordained in, 31, 59. 

Jalibon (vill. in Leyte [?] ) : inhab. burn their idols, 17, 66, 

Jambi (Chambi, town in Java) : Dutch factory at, 18, 107, 23, 97, 27, 107. 

Jambolo (Pangasinan) : royal storehouse at, 27, 133. 

James I (of England): alliance with Spain, 18, 145; Span, envoy sent to, 49, 321. 

Jampsa (sultan of Tamontaca) : becomes hostile to Spaniards, 48, 159. 

Jaos: 37, 82 (misprinted Joas), io3, 107. See Javanese. 

Japalan (vill. in Luz6n) : submits to Spaniards, 14, 286. 

Japan (lappan, Japon, Xapon, Nippon): called Cipangu, 33, 320, 321; location, 
3, 70» 7*1 204, 298, 5, 37» 6, 205, 7, 123, aai, 9, 39, 4*, 5*, I47, 3C4» i^, I9X, 
16, 234, J4, 321, 33, 93, 34, 37^, 3*7, 36, 194; regarded as within Span, de- 
marcation, and a part of the western Indias, ^.9^1^96, 4, 62, 145, a8, 11, 75; 
discovered by Port, i, 24, la, 177, 29, 278; explorations in, proposed, 3, 302 >. 
Vizcaino's exped. to, 14, 184, 187, 188; supposed to be near N. France, a, 87; 
N. W. passage to, sought, 9, 314; described, 17, 135, X36, ai, 253; its islands, 
9, 26, 16, 209, 17, 132, 18, 240, 31, I72-I74, 283, 3a, 128, 132, X46, 53, 332; 
navigation along its coasts dangerous, 18, 321, 29, 3x0; dependent is., 3, 42, 
275, la, X77, 3a, 286 (see Islands: Loochoo) ; provincial divisions, 6, 305, 9, 26, 
16, 47, 17, X35, 18, 240, 31, aSx, 5a, 332; its ports, 15, 252, 264, 19, 59; climate, 
9, X48, 14, 272, 31, X74; products, 18, X76, a7, 148, 30, 273, 41, 296, 47, ^55, 
50, 54 (silver, 14, 229, 23X, 16, X84, 17, 237, 18, 340, aa, 88, X29) ; large popu- 
lation, 6, 305; a rich country, 3, 76, 7^; its conquest recommended, 25; various 



488 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Japan 

Japan (cootinued) — 

other mention, 9, 40, 17, 125, 18, 68, a2a, 24, 335, $2, 334; power of rulers, 

17, 136, 19, 79; 8h6gun«, la, 78, 18, 315, ao, 37, J4, 331, 3a, 3I1 7X. «8a» »h; 
mikados, 31, 384, 3a, 183, 183, 35» 120; divisions of society, 15, 197, 199; tones 
or daimios (feudal lords), 15, 199, 18, 69, 316, 29, 81, 31, 173, 344, 381, 384; 
priests (bonzes) ^ 15, 199, 31, 380; ronins^ 3a, 138; vassals may not leave king- 
dom, a6, 288; custom of hara-kiri, 31, 379; laws, la, 78, 15, 197; events and 
political conditions in, 8, 36^ zGk, 9, 133, 194, 363, 10, 35, 84, I a, 78, 15, 196-300, 

18, 62, 81, 314-331, 22, 317, a4, 306, 397-300, as, 1581 ^7, 3*6, 337, 31, i73. 
281-284, 3^) 3i» 68, 69, X55, 183, 183, 304; rel. beliefs in, 10, 307, 19, 51, 3a, 
182, 183; Chris, religion introd. there by St. F. Xavier (1549), 9, 42, la, 179, 

19, 53, a7, 300; persecutions of Chris, there, I, 49, 9, 43, 10, 35, la, 78, 14, «- 
226, 16, 48, 18, 80-83, 3x6-319, 374, 19, 48-57, ao, 35-38, 88, ai, X65-X68, 
172, 173, 177, 253, 22, 46, 120, X36, X76, 307-3x6, a3, 64, a4, 17X, X74, 306, 
230-244, 268, 397-399, 333, a6, 41, 368, a7, 49, a9, 364, 371, 31, *56, 378-383, 
35t 83, 36, 67-76, 136-143, 163-167, 317-330^ 50, 314; Europeans banished from - 
the country, 19, 57, ai, 86, 353, 22, 96, 98, X84, 3x7, a7, 337, a9, 33, 3a, 165, *- 
166, 181, 394, 35, 114, 178, 5lt 208; industries, 6, 30^, 19, zz8, 32, 89, 35> 301; 
importance of its commerce, 36, 357; exports, 6, lyi^ 304, 7j 156^ 10, 84, la, 
192, 14, 231, 356, 358, 15, 67, 354, 303, 305, 16, 47, 88, X83, 17, 106, X46, 18, 
175, 177. 179. 19, 318, aa, 97, a4, X71, 386, a6, 388, a9, 306, 35, i5«f 3<»i 39f 
302, 4a, 149; imports, la, 89, 15, 356, 16, 104, 184, 17, 334, 18, 58, 59, 19, 307- 
309, ao, 29, as, 123, a9, 83, 38, 3X; trade, etc., with Chin., 6, 68*, 14, 4), 331, 

18, 251, aa, 173, 23, 94, 193, a9, 79, 35, 182, 4a, X49; id., with Port, 3, 40» 
5, 34, 6, 300, 7, 79, 8, 360, 10, 36, 193, 193, 14, 336, 17, 135, 19, 58, 198, 306, 
aa, I30, 141, 182, 195, a3, 55, 63, 66, a4, 173, as, 136, a6, 379, a9, X56, 35. 
114; with Dutch, 15, X19 17, X19, 133, 139, X46, x8o, 339, 18, 65, 67, 68, 73, 73, 
108, 163, 32o^ 349, 351, 373, 374, 19, 57. 70, 85, 86, 93, 333, 336, 364, 390, ao, 
38, 30, 109, 155, ai, 86, aa, 88, 137, 169-173, 196, 315, 314, 317, a4, 374, a6, 
288, a7, 108, 30, 31, 58, 32, 136, 35, 153. 178. 179. 272. 47, 230; with Eng., 
ao, 30, aa, 169, 170, 32, 136; with N. Espana, 14, 319, 16, 378, 379, 18, 33, ^ 
395, ao, 25, 95, aa, 38; relation to Phil. Is., a, 314, 3, 224, 5, 83, 99, 34, 339; — 
gen. relations with Span, there, 6, 31 z, 7, 99, 8, 363, 364, 9, ZZ4, 10, 84, 164, <^ 
165, X70, Z71, 333, II, X39, la, 78, 13, 237, 14, Z76, x8i, 331, 337, 15, X36, 351, 
252, 16, 199, 249, 17, Z37, 339, 3x9, 18, 5X, 63, 319, 349, 373, 374, 19, 57, 95, 
ao, 47, 171, ai, 85-87, 243, 344, a3, 63-68, a4, 187, 305, 339, 330, 386, a7, xx3, 
114; letters, embassies, and presents on either side, 7, 97, 8, 197, 233, 352-367,'*- 
330, 9,23-57. 79, i2i-Z36, z4o, Z47, 148, 327, 3i8, lO, X73, 14, 338, 363, 16, 300^ 
17, 287, 19, X79, X94, ao, 5z, X07, 108, Z55, 359, aa, 68, 3x7, 318, a3, 54, 63- 
67, a4, 171, 173, 330, 343, 30, 368, 369, 31, X48; Span, in Japan (mainly through -^ 
being shipwrecked), 8, 365, 266, 9, 38, 54, 55, 367, 10, 25, 45, 46, 345, la, 77, 
X28, 129, 14, 1x6-1x8, 337, 15, X96, 353, 364, 17, 107, X08, X33, X35, 18, 5X, xx6, 

19, 90, 199, aa, 169, 170, 316, a4, 53, 47, 40; law regarding shipwrecked ves- 
sels, ij^ 127; Japan a way-station for Phil, vessels, 14, X85, 23X, 232, 15, 359, ^ 
19, 335, ao, 44, 95, ai, 396, aa, 38; trade with Phil. Is., early with Fil., 3, 304, v 
298, 7, 84T with Span., i, 68, 7, 35, X55, 8, X90-193, 9, 336, 14, 53, 228, 335, 16, 
X76, 17, 113, 18, 99, loi, 175, X79, 180, X95, X96, 19, 69, 94, 305, ao, 32, X3X, 
ai, 86, aa, 68, 94, 130, 139, X45, X71, 173, 316, 317, 23, 63-65, x63, a4, 17X, 214, 
230, 279, 286, a6, 283, a7, 189, a9, 306, 36, 201, 205, 360; Fil. study in, 5a, 139; — 
gives no aid to insurgents, X87; mentioned by early writers, 3, 30, 6, 5s, 33, 330; 



Japanese] INDEX 489 

rcUtioiis with adjoining countries (see China, Formosa, and Korea), 8, 26a; 
Chris, religion in (see Missions). 
Japanese (Xaponese) — 

Name, description, etc, : called also "Sangleys", 9, 301 ; Mendoza's aoct of them 
cited, 6, 152; physical appearance, 32, 133, 40, 314, 3x5; poverty, 74; have Chin, 
civilization, 3, 204; character and traits, called *'Span. of Asia," 40, 192; war^ 
like and brave, 5, a7i 193*197^ 6, 305, 3x0, 9, X47, 307, 13, 280, 14, 229, 16, X98,* 

18, 62, X95, 3x3, JO, X69, 30, 273, 36, 72, 40, 3x4, 3x5; cruel and revengeful, 
. 16, 294, 34, 205, 2x4, 37, X90, 31, XX 5, 3a, X64; proud and arrogant, 18, 62, 

195, ao, XXX, 34, 206, 31, 78, 3a, 240; treacherous and uncertain, 14, 220, i^ 
xx8, 17, X37, ao, X73, a4, 230, 24X-244, 30, 234, 3i> 282, 283; faithful to prom- 
ises, 3a, 49, 40, 3x4, 3x5; have ability and understanding, 14, 226; vicious, 13, 
274, 280, 40, 365; other mention, 5, 194; 9i 46> l^» 240, 16, X98, a3, X94; occu- 
pations, 9, 30^, 16, X83, 17, 237, 18, 99, 19, 206, ao, 263; unacquainted with 
navigation, are not sailors, 9, 28, 15, 251, 16, 279, 28x, 18, 295; undertake (X630) 
to construct a fleet to attack Span, ports, a3, 93; make piratical excursions, 5, 
X92-X96, 6, 256, 10, 2x0-2x3, II, X44, 15, 57. 31, 29*. 34, 3*4 (punished by 
authorities, ii, 264, 14, 229) ; food, ai, X28, 31, X72 (use of tea among nobles, 
16, X04) ; clothing, 3, 204, 9, 23, la, 200, 16, X98, 3^^ 292; weapons, battle- 
axes, swords {catans, or catanas), lances, firearms, and artillery, 5, 27, 6, 30^ 
7, i2dj^9, 23, 24, 28, 36, 38, 54 (guihoccan), X49, 15, X99i a63, 16, X98, 18, 227, 
3x3, 19, 206, aa, 3x7, a4, 230, a9, X37 (escopetillas) , 237, 250, 30, 273, 34, 385» 
446 (found in ancient tombs in Luz6n, 40, 48); furniture, 9,^36, I5i 258, 16,** 
X04 (tibores) ; customs, 16, xx2, X98, 19, 66^ 30, 274 (in war), 15,. 263, 264 
(luura-kiri) t 31, 279 {id,), 285 (infanticide), 3a, 88 (enslavement of captives), 
X82, X83; penalties (usually tortures of various kinds), 15, 200 (crucifixion), 203, 
263 (hara-kiri), 30, X89, 31, a?^. 3^, 32-34» 481 70> 73f X26-X28, 134, x8x, 2x8, 
220, 243-245, 287. Social classes, 15, X99; nobles (tonos), 9, 35, 18, 2x6, a9, 8x, 
31, X72-X74, 278; priests (bonzes), 24, 232, 298, 31, 172, X73, 256, 280 (see also 
under Japan) ; heathen and idolators, 9, 29, a4, X7X, 297, 32, x8i; rel. sects, 22, 
308, 3XX, a4, 232, 233, 31, 280; divinities and temples, a4, 242, 31, 173; mon- 
asteries, aa, 315, 3a, 182; superstitions, 18, 216, a4, 243, 31, 283; language, 8, 
257, (Chin, characters), 9, 35, X23, a4, 64, as, X58 (Collado's dictionary, 163X), 
3a, 146, 40, 50 (method of writing) ; id,, words from, 9, 37, 44, 47, 54, 15, 
263, 264, 16, X98, a9, 8x, 31, 279; music described, 4a, 200; chronology, 8, 263, 
31, X7x; money, 17, X37. 

Relations wth other Oriental peoples'. Chin,, unfriendly or hostile, 4, 36, 38, 
49-51, 59, 9, "3, 244, 307, 10, 2n, «4, "7, "9, 13*, ^35, 138, ^6, 42, 275, 29X, 
295, 17, X09, 19, X94, a^, 1*8, X29, a9, 8x, 208, 2x8, 224; amicable, 9, 41, X23, 
13, 274, 275, 28x; comml., 9, 49, 14, 232, a9, 81; Korea (mainly of conquest), 
9, 36, 44, 55, "3, 13, 289, 14, X38; Formosa, plan its conquest, 9, 39, 10, 46, 
22, 97, 32, 152; trade there, aa, 142, 35, X50; miss'y estab. school for Jap. and 
Chin, children there, 32, 223; Siamese, 22, x2o, X40, X93; others, 15, 277, a7, 
92, a9, 3X, 32, 31, 179, 33, X72. 

Relations with Europeans: Port, (usually unfriendly), 18, 221, 23, 55, a4, 
172, a9, 33, 35, XX5; Port and other foreigners sell many Jap. as slaves to other 
countries, 18, 62, 63; Dutch (usually friendly), 16, 68, 17, 1x5, 18, 220, 231, 

19, 58, 95, "6, X79, 232, aa, 75, X26, 317, 318, 3a, 183, 35, «5o; comml., aa, 
97, X29, a9, 42. English, aa, 169, 170; Europeans excluded from country (see, 
as also each nation, under Japan). 



490 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Japanese 

Japanese (continued) — 

Relations with Philippine Islands: with Filipinos, commL, J, 238, 3, xio, m; * 
friendly, 7, 84, 99J loo^ 9, 39, 13, 175; intermarriage, 14, 3^ 401*99. 4i. 139. - 
a37, 43, a74. 51, xox, 5a, X09; with Span^ commL, i, ^,'7. 35, 99, 8, »^«. 9. 
49, "3, SOI, 10, 84, ao7, aix, 13, aay, 3»8, 14, aa9. I5. as^, 16, 183, 17. a37, 
18, 31, ao, 46, JJ, xoo^ 3x6, a3, 55. a85, ^4. aos, 32a, 3a3, 34, 439 (commodi- 
ties therein, IJ, xSS, x6, X83, 18, 99; exempt from duties at Manila (x589)» 7» 
i3», ^hf X48. 9, a3a) ; amicable, 6, aoo, 304, 305, 308, 309, 9, a3-a5, a8, 34, 8^ 
55, 134, X4a, 30X, 10, X7X, IJ, 78, a48, 16, X99, 17, X36, 18, a3X, J3, 54* ^3..^^. 
:a7, 330* 36, 9a, 47. 65 (serve with Span, troops, la, X44, 13, aa4, 3x3, 14, 124,--. 
13X, 134, 15, 8x, 83, 146, 150, X64, 16, 40, 4X, a93, 294, ^7, xa3, a6x, a74, ^9, 
a58, 31. 78, 92, XX5, X5X, X85, x88, 35, a56, 38, X67) ; hostile or menacing^ 6, 
74, X78, x8 J, 7, X64, X65, 8, \i43, a56, a57. a85, 9, 32, 34, 39, 41, 52-54, 244, 275, 
307, 10, 49, 84, 124, 207. 235, II, 156, 304, la, 78, X28, 129, 13, 23, 24, 14, «'2o, 
236, 15; 67, 77, X38-X39, 260-262, 305, 16, 275, 279, 28X, 17, X37, 19, 22X, ai, 
X54, 284, aa, 120, X38, 139, a3, 54, 55, 6a-67, 93, a4, X7X, X72, 202, 205, 286, 
327, 30, 273, a75, 3a, 3a, 34, 444. 40, 225 (revolts by, in Phil, 16, 6x, 62, 17, 
109, xxo, 289, aa, a24) ; Jap. desire and plan conquest of Phil., 6, X83, 8, x^,. 
a84-a97, 3ao, 9, 39, 41, 5X-55, 123, 134, X42, X49, 307, 10, 2x2, 13. a75, a8o, 15, 
129, 16, 245, 18, 62, ao, X69, 170, aa, X75, a3, 65, 30, 273 (for colonizing their 
people, 9, 140) ; reside in Phil., 3, xox, 4, 58; 5, X9»-X9S (pirates settle in Caga- 
yin), 7, 84, 124, 164, 9, a4, 40, 4^, 50, 30x (licenses given), 11, 263, i3,JSiL*Z7v 
(in Parian), 16, X98, X99, ao, 97, M, X57, a6, X96, a7, 82, X35, a8, 85, a9, 
202, 31, X85, 3^, xa5, X63, 38, 55, 40, 3x6, 44, a9, 5a, X09; Chris, lepers exiled 
from Japan to Manila, a4, 206, 2x4, 230, 24X, 38, 57; restrictions on Jap. migra- 
tions to Phil., 9, 40, 16, 49, 17, 50, X76, 18, 308, 309, 3x3, 19, 269, ao, 27, 28, 
aa, X45, X57; Jap. expelled from Phil., 9, 301, 16, 6x^ ao, 52, X53, 34. 3«5; 
various mention, 8, ^85, 9, 24, 243, 10, X99, 2xx, 14, 273, 15, "7, 16, 3a, X99, 
17, 78, 18, 250, ao, 28, aa, 193, 214, as, 235, a4, 98, 3a, ji, 43, xx7, 5a, X09. 

Japara (Xapara, prov. in Java): 4, 229, 7, 54; Dutch trade in, a7, 93. 

Jara. See also Xara. 

Jara, Adj. Francisco de la: accompanies Durin against Igorots, 37, 245, 246. 

Jara, Capt Gabriel de la: in exped. against Igorots, 37, 245; a conspirator against 
Salcedo, 59. 

Jara, Dona Maria de la (name of locality in "northern latitude" [in Japan?] on 
Acapuico route) : numerous deaths at, 4a, 289. 

Jara, Pedro (Span, officer) : commands Pariin gate, a9, 255. 

Jaraba, Pedro (in text, Francisco Xaraba), O.S.A.: miss, labors, and death, a8, 34a 

Jaralguinto, Marquis of: mentioned, aa, $1. 

Jaramillo: 4a, 44. See Xaramilla 

Jarava, Manuel, O.S.A.: carries money to India, 5a, 5X, 52; sketch, 52. 

Jaraveitia, J. G.: 17, 301. See Gardoqui Jaraveitia. 

Jar^z de Montero, Antonio de: cowardice, in attack by Dutch, 24, 80. See also 
Xerez Montoro. 

Jaro (vill. in Cebu) : encomendero and pop., 5, 39. 

Jaro (Haro, Xaro, vill. in Leyte) : admin, by Jes., 17, 204, a8, 90, 15X, X72, 36, 55. 

Jaro (Haro, Xaro, city in Panay) : pop., 8, 133, 17, 204, a8, 279, 51, X99; Ind. 
near, flee to mts., 40, 216; cathedral, a8, 356; admin, by Aug., 18, 278, 23, 256, 
261, a4, 14^, a8, X50, 166, 28x, 29, 27X, 37, 156, x^S, X79, 254, 38, 2x6, 2x9; 
Paulists in, a8, 360; schools, 46, 256, 257, 266. 



Jesuits] INDEX 491 

Jaron, Cristobal (alf^rez) : pay-check commuted, a6, 162. 

Jasain (vilL in Mindanao) : 44, 64; pop. (1878), a8, 344. 

Jiudenty Fermin (gov. of Phil.) : sketch, 17, 312. 

Jaurigue, Felipe de, O.S^: elected definitor, 4a, 239. 

Javanese: superior character and civilization, 4, 131, 34, x68, 169; converted to 
Mahometanism (1478), 4, 150, 34, x68; improvement under Brit, rule, 5 if 92; 
language, words in, 4, 187, 34, 189; weapons, a, 35; drums, 45, 272; custom 
of "ninning-a-muck" among, 48, i2x, 51, 104; traders, 4, 226, x6, 223, 253, 27, 
92, 34> 2x7; buy Chris, slaves from Moros, 27, 26x, 262, ^9, X23, X24; people 
Moluccas, 16, 222, 223, 37, 88 (espec Ternate, 9, XX5) ; connection with Ter- 
nate, 6, 70, x6, 244, 252, 282; relations with Dutch, 15, 328, 19, 290, aa, X92, 
^3, 96, J7, 3x2, 4a, 243; with Eng., 15, $2%, 19, 290, J7i 107; with Span., 6, 
X78, aa, X92, 39, 29, X24, 30, 34, 41; hostile to Port., 4, 229; aid Mindanaos, 
27f $22; some, reside in Manila, 82, 44, 29; see Achen; Batavia; and Islands: 
Java. 

Javier, St Francisco. See St Francisco Xavier. 

Jehanghir (Jihanghlr, emperor of India) : sketch, 17, 253. 

Jehanne: baptismal name of Cebuan queen, 33, 336. 

Jelanda (Gelanda) : 14, 1x3, xx6. See Zeeland. 

Jeoly (Mindanao slave) : in England, 39, 49. 

J6rez, Juan de, O.S.A.: life and official dignities, etc., 4a, x62, 163, X85, x86, 2xx, 
239-24X, 267, 268, 283. 

Jerez, Pedro de, O.S.F.: arrives in Philippines, la, X92, X93. 

Jerez de los Caballeros, Marqu^ de: owns Philippina, 53i 35* 

Jerusalem: donation for its holy places, 47, 218; hosp. ord. estab. at, a, 26. 

jBSum — 

In general: founder of ord., 35, 24X (see St Ignatius) ; canonizations of Jes., la, 
228, 13, 66, 19, 53. ^4, 147. ^7. 300, a8, 327, 38, 87, 44, 53i 5©, 305 ; called Theatins, 
3, 24, 204, 276, 277, 5, 3if S» 184, 278, 9, 43-45» 1^1 109, 120, 39, i77, i8«, «86, 19X, 
194, X98, 20X, 205, 207; privileges, immunities, etc, ai, 49, 32, 48, a4, 27X, as, 231, 
26, 39, 6x, 62, 92, a8, XXX, 35, 169-175, 36, 77-79, 39, i6x, 45, x8o, 46, 6x, 50, 276 
(have special commissary of Inquis., a8, xxx, xx2, 185, 196)^ Provinces, a9, X50, 36, 
68 (Moluccas transf. from Cochin to Filipinas) 7X, 72, 50, 278 (see below, prov. of 
Filipinas) ; gen. of ord., 6, 202, 209; no. of members in Spain and colonies (1767), 
50, 277, 278, 287; archives, as, X7, 44, xo6, 45, xo6, xxx, 53, 30, 42 (see Archives 
and libraries) ; accusations and complaints against, 9, 43, la, x2o, 17, X51, (see 
also, below. Relations with natives), X52, 19, 48, a6, 55 (satire), 63, 64, 67, 94, 99, 
103, a8, xx8, a9, X83, X84, 35, x62 (causing loss of Formosa), 44, xo6, 118, 159 
(in murder of Bustamante), 46, 59-6X, 47, 248, 49, X34, X87, 50, X3X, 274-276, 
280, 283, 306-311, 3x3-3x5; id,f of trading contrary to prohib., 14, 238, 239, a4, 
269, a8, 75, 38, 83, 85, 39, i6x, x62, 49, 134, »35, 3«o, 50, 274, 275, 306; expelled 
from Japan, 18, 8x; China, 206, 49, 310; Span, empire, 39, 243, 45, 122, 49, 
134, 50, 9, xo, 26, 30, 269-287, 295, 309, 323, 324 (sent to Italy, 277) ; other coun- 
tries, 49, 334. 50, 273. a8i, 284, 285, 309; Phil. Is., 17, 298, 40, 250, 45, i", 
X22, X23, X25, X3X, X50, 251, 260, 264, 265, 3x2, 48, X47, 50, 27, 28, 30, X38, 269, 
287-3x6, 51, 57, X25, 3x2, 5a, X25, X26, 53, 30; property confiscated, 50, 276, 
287; various persecutions, a9, 42, 50, 27, 278, 279, 5a, 208, 211, 212, 53, 30; 
ord. abol. by pope (X770), 49, 335, 50, 306; alternately restored and suppressed 
by Span, govt., 51, 36, 37, 62, 63, 5a, 21X-213; French, refused refuge in Spain, 
50, 273; ez-Jes. determine to return to Spain, 5a, 208; id. allowed to remain 



492 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [JeSuitS 

jBSUtra (continued) — 

in, 211, 2ia; return to Phil. Is. {1859), 17, 306, 37, i79, 45, 284, 4^, 67, 5a, 
124-126, 167, 208, 215; finally rehabilitated by pope (1886), 2x3. 

Province of Filipinos \ independent of Mexico, la, 175; Moluccas transferred 
to, 36, 68, 70, 71; chapter and council meetings, J8, 82, 39, 133, 44, 75; provin. 
and other superiors, I, 57, 6, 242, 7, 32, 9, 94, 31X, lO, 182, 213, 18, 80, 19, 

52, J5, 281, 282, 36, 41, 39, 156, 157, 34, 370, 41, 39, 45, 108, 1x3; rector (of 
coll.), 13, 197, 16, X4X, 17, 252, 262, 266, a8, 171, 34, 396, 36, 68, 39, 13a, 44, 
X92, 45, X03; synodal examiner, 25, 2x7; procurators, a6, X78, x8o, X85, 189, 
37, 329, 39, X50, 35, X69, X75, 36, 49, 88, 37, *70, 41, 37, 44, 75, 50, X31; first 
miss's arrive in Manila (X58X; erroneously stated otherwise by some writers), 
4, 316, 5, 31, 6, 90, 147, X48, 247, IJ, I9a-i97, ^5, 59, ^3, 228, a8, 78, X3X, 169. 
201, 34, 28, 361, 365, 368, 36, 2xiy 41, 164, x66, 45, XXX ; need more laborers, 

6, 3*1, 7, 45, 10, i8a, 274, 13, 29, H^, ^7, 208, 209, 18, 277, ao, 92, 35, «o6, 
298, 37, 303, 304, 38, 86, xox, 36, 44-48, 41, s^, 44, 54; reenforcements sent, 

9, 120, II, 223, 13, X95, 196, 207, 223, 224, 232-235, 280S13, ^5, 118-X23, I7» 
X40, 286, 33, 295, a8, 82, 34, 368, 369, 36, 48, 37, 131, >90, 38, 84, xx6, 39, 
132, 40, 99, 43, X75, 199, 44, 55, 56, 77, xoo; no. in islands at various times, 

7, 32, 45, «, 97, JCO, 182, 273, II, X95, 203, 205, 2x5, 2x7, 220, 22X, 223, I3, xi9» 
157, 169, 17, 53, 200-209, 18, 305, 30, 230, 33, 86, 38, 78-X03, X5X, 358, 36, 

53, 54, 58, 41, 39, 40, 175, 44, 75, 47, i43, 5©, 277, 278; poor, and receive alma, 

10, 252, II, 257, 258, 13, X94-X97, 276, 13, 67, X07, 18, 78, 33, 48, 34, 264, 37, 
342-344, 35, 170, X73, 36, 47, 49, 338; aided from roy. treas. (grants, stipends, 
etc.), 14, 199, 200, 260, 262, 18, 76, 33, 42-44, 35, X00-X03, 297, 37, xa4, X25, 
X29, 38, 82, 39, 102, 31, 52, 53, 35, 169, X7o^ 36, 56, 57, 44, 76, 47, X48; estates 
and other properties (confiscated at suppression of ord.), 10, X50, 13, X09, 38, 
78, 39, X83, 206, 34, 432, 39, 133, 4a, 105, 108 (immune from seizure), 44, 45, 
X14-1X8 (controv. over S. Matheo), 45, 109, xio, X23, 49, X34, 223, 338 (ravaged 
and sacked; enumeration), 339, 50, X54, 276, 295, 297, 299, 302-306 (enumeration 
of confiscated properties, 1768), 51, 24X, 53, 2x2; losses, 39, X69, 173, 223, 224, 
251; other financial aflPairs, 34, 249, 35, xoo-103, 37, 341, 45, 1x4, 46, 59. His- 
tory (see, under Books, Chirino and Murillo Velarde). 

Relations with' other social groups; with roy. govt., 13, 251-255, 17, 185, 341- 
345, 366, 33, 49, 35, xoo, xox, 37, 344, 34, 367, 431, 36, 44-48, 68-73, 37, 26 
(uphold roy. patronage), 36, 39, x86, X87, 207, 44, xx2, 45, XX5, X72, x8o, 48, 
148, 50, 272, 275, 284, 285, 308 (see, above, rdg. suppression of ord.), 53, 2x2; 
with sec. govt of colony, 3, X85, 5, 32, 6, 3x8, 8, 39, 40, il, 283, I3, 120, 13, 
34, 14, X99, 200, 17, 58, 295, 18, 278, 19, x6o, 30, 70, 7X, 35, X69, x86, 2x6, 
217, 220, 269, 297-300, 36, 88, X20, 121, 37, 35, 303, 333, 38, 210, 2x1, 2x6, 
217, ^9, 63, 88, 102, X04, 255, 35, X69, 36, 44, 37, 33-37, ^x, 158, 269, 39, X39, 
141, X42, 182, 201, 202, 210, 296, 41, 35, 310, 43, X7X, 229, 295, 44, X92, 45, x8o, 
204, 46, 32, 34, 59-6X, 48, X45, x62, 49, X34, X67, X87, x88, 223, 279, 339, 340, 
50, 25, 27, 32, 34, 37, 39, 295-300; with dioc. authorities, 7, 26, 316-318, 8, 38, 
40, 13, 119-121, 17, 70, 30, 228, 229, 34, 36, 35, 169-176, x8i, 189, 220, 225, 
230-239 (see also Ecclesiastical aflPairs: interdict), 269, 283, 36, 38-40, 6X-67, 91- 
94, 102, 37, X7, 23-25, 39, 50, X83, X84, 31, 52, 34, 369-375, 36, 44-48, 80, 37. 
X93, 38, 237, 39, X32-X34, 137-X43. X46, X94, X95, 219, 259, 277, 297, 44, 43, 96, 
97, 105, 268, 45, 97, 50, 32, X38, 139, 218, 273, 276-280^ 3x4, 51, 298, 303; with 
other rel. ord., 8, 156, 9, 263, 13, 194, 248, 276, 278, 14, 238, 15, 126, 16, X50, 
17, 234, 266, 30, 88-90, 239, 31, 303, 34, 70, 35, 206, 239, 240, 246, 247, 250. 



Jesuits] INDEX 493 

258, 266, 269, 270, 298, a6, 61, 99, 119, i43-i46> ^S, 343, 30, i6i, 230, 31, 243, 
244, 35, 98, 103, 105, "3» 291, 36, 74-86, 37. 178. i79. 38, 81, 39, I3a-i34, '37- 
H3, 277, 278, 289-291, 297, 298, 40, 1x8, 44, 39, 5^, "7, '57, 45, "o, m, 118, 
122, 124, 233, 286, 46, 56, 57, 341, 47, 247, 50, 25, 26, 32, 139, 272, 275, 306, 307, 
314, 51, 304; with Span, inhab., 13, 44, 45, 67, 70, 35, 9, 5©, 284, 306, 307; 
with natives (but see also Missions), I, 58, 6, 3x8, 7, 315-318 (opinion on trib- 
ote), 8, 156, X57, 225-229 (id., on war with Zambals), 11, 2c», la, X19-X21, 228, 
«34, 13, 67, 68, 74, 176, X77, 186, 14, 327-329, 17, 151, 19, 218, aa, 2x0, 2x1, 
34, X63, a5, 87, X53. 154, a6, 266, 27, 257, 296, 29, X52, 36, X27, 40, X03, 41, 
170, 233, 43, 34, 48, 30, «4i, '43, H9, 5©, X46, 51, X25; with Chin^^d Jap. 
in Phil., la, X09, X2I, X99-20X, 13, 40, 76, X36, 36, 225, 44, 44, 45, 4^ 60. 

Institutions: in Spain and Phil. Is. (X898), a8, 8x, 358, 359. 

Churches, in gen., 13, 48, a8, 78-X03 (enum.), 44, 36-38, X07-X09, xxa; at Ma- 
nila, II, X96, X97, 20X, la, 244-248 (descr.), 13, 67, 68, X84, 16, 14X, 17, 56-58 
(descr.), ^^ 300-302, ^3, 204, 37, 307, 308, 335, 340, a8, 202, 36, 220, 37, 52, 
39t 277 (interdict, q,v. under Ecclesiastical), 28^, 286 (id.), 42, 220, 44, 35, 47, 
24, 51, x68; in other places in Phil., 11, act, la, 220, 283, 290, 297, 299, 13, 29, 
40^ 45, X7X, X79, X89, 17, 57, 62, 63, a6, 266, a8, 88, 90, 92, ap, 35, 36, x6o, 37, 
270, 39, 134, 44, 75, 9«» x<H; elsewhere, la, 244, 245, 30, 269, 31, 28x, 38, 70- 

Convents and residences, 10, x8x, 273, ao, 229, 230, aa, 86, 51,, X25, 5a, 2xx- 
213; no. in Phil. Is., 17, 200-208, a8, 78-X03, X3X, 135, X69-X72, 2ox; at Manila, 
I, 39, 5, 83, 6, 3x8, 8, 97(hou8e of professed), la, X94, X95, X97, 2x5, 14, 262, 16, 
14X, 17, 20X, 262, ao, 2x5, 242, ai, 69, as, xoo, xo2, a7, 341-345, ^8, 82, X28, 
170, 35, 259, 36, 90, 38, 44, 84, 39, 136, 236, 4a, 187, 44, rt,,M7; Antipole, 
17, 53, 60-63, ^8, 87; S. Pedro de Macati, 86, X70, a9, jtqj^i^; Cebu, 11, 257, 

259, 13, 25X-255, 17, 274^«3y'xx5, a8,. X77, 2o8f elie^here m Phil. Is., la. 282- 
293, 13, 157, I73;>8x, I9X-200,, 17, 53, 59, 60, 64-74, 206, 20^, 22, X32i isi 23* 

.ja^, a8, 87-95^^^?5, X7X, 36, 55-57, 41, 298, 44, 53, 6x, 49, 338; in bther coun- 
At% 5, 28,'it,/26x, 265, as, 208, a9, X4X, 34, 326, 385. • 

Colleges, e^c, a8, X3X (eight in Phil. Is.), 36, 21X, so, 278; S. Ignacio, of Ma- 
nila* (coll. for training Jes. priests), I, 42, ii, 195, la, 175, 233, 234, 13, 183, 
16, X4X, 17, 53, 54, 20X, ao, 84, 22, 42, 43, 48, 296, a4, 247, 2$, 3x0, 37, 306, 
a8, 8X-83, X23, X3X-X34, X38, 170, 201-203 (descr.), 3Si X69, X70, 36, 75-86 (con- 
troversy with Dom. univ.), 21 x (here styled La Conoepci6n), 247, 39, X75, •4!^ 
xx8, X24, X76, 44, 3x, 34, 35, 103, 4S, ixx, 48, X45rso, X3X, X38 (closed at 
expulsion of Jes., X768) ; S. Jose (coll. or seminary for educ. of Span. >nbutl^ ia 
Manila), I, 42, 43, 6, 318, 319, 9, 271, 10, 252, 253, 274, 11, X95, 13, x85,'i4, 
X99, 200, 16, X4X (becomes part of S. Tomis), 17, 53, 99, xoo, 201, 288, 19, 64- 
66, ao, 84, 242, 243, a4, X87, 25, xoo, 195, a7, 305, 33X, a8, 81, X34, 135 (hist.), 
X70, 203, a9, X06, 34, 366, 367, 370 (bequest to), 43X, 36, 27, 90, 21X, 37, 73, 
38, 44, 39, 132, x6x, X97, 4a, 122, 4S, 97, XOX-X23 (hist.,* means of support, ad- 
min., etc.), 127, X32-140 (recent hist.), 250, 264, so, 139, sa, 105, X24, X25; univ., 
la, X25, 23, 228, a8, X38, 170, 198, 203, 36, 90; 211, 45, 10X-X04 (foundation) ; 

•/« the series are many indefinite references to "the college of Manila" in which 
it is not certain vjhether S. Ignacio or S. Josi is meant. 4ccor4ingly, oil not 
specifically referring to S. JosS are plac^ under S. Ignacio. Sometimes, also, the 
term "college" is used for "residence** (see vol. xi, p. 195), or convent, especially 
when referring to Jesuit houses in the provinces; in such cases, the context must 
decide the exact meaning of the term. 



494 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [JeSuitS 

Jesuits (continued) — 

(coll. students, II, 195, 13, 34t 40. i^Si «8^f l^. Hh 17. aoi, 234, 19, 64, 65, 
^7, 337, 338. ^9. 37. 45. 36, 58, an, 44, 35, 45. 103, 104, 106, 116, 123, 264) ; 
Antipolo, 13, 132, 190, 45, 103; Catbalongan, 48, 49; Cavite, a8, 85, 86, 36, 95, 
211; Cebu, I, 44, 10, 274, II, 257-259, la, 175, 207, 232, 276, 280, 299, 13, 39f 
40, 148, 251-255, 16, 149, 17, 53, 6s, 64, 202, a8, 88, 148, 151, 36, 100, 211, 44> 

77. 781 45> 103; S. Juan de Letran, in Marianas, 50, 304, 5a, 336; Ot6n, 28, 93, 

36, 102; Ternate, a8, 99; San Jos6, in Zamboanga, a8, 94, 36, 59, 211, 44, 91, 
48, 148, 50, 304; for natives, 9, 272, 10, 274, 11, 195, 28, 172; others in Asia, 
14, 221, 264, 33, 140, 3^. 292, 34, 385; in Europe and America (see under Edu- 
cation). 

Other institutions, meteorological observatory, I, 17, 3, 191, 17, 310, 18, 227, 
19, 65, ao, 187, a8, 358, 39, 23, 45. 297, 298; hosp., 11, 204, 13, i9«. ^5, ii4» 
40, 280; infirmary at Manila, a8, 82, 44, 49; printing-house, id., 33, 230^ 38, 
202, 35, 251, 275, 39, 175 (see also under Books) ; beaterio, 38, 135, 359, 44, 118, 
119, 45, 260, 47, 137. 

/// members, and their work: traits of character, and reputation, 14, 234, 235, 
238, 17, 58, 64, 18, 87. 35, 255, 297, 37, 340, 38, 334, 39, 204, 35, iH, 36, 47, 

37, 35-37, 131-133, 38, 85, xoo, 132, 133, 41, 314, 43, 222, 44. S*. 4^, 55, 5^, 74. 
79, 80, 112, 114, 169, 50, 272, 274, 275. 

Priests, no. in Phil. Is., 7, 32, 45, 10, 182, 273, II, 195, 203, 205, 215, 2x7, 220^ 
221, 13, X95, 207, 223, 232, 280, 13, 157, 169, 17, 53, 200-209, ao, 230, 3^, 86, 

38, 78, 3a, 50, 36, 53, 54, 58, 44, 75 ; lay brothers and coadjutors, 7, 32, 45, 10, 
182, 273, II, X95, 203, 205, 215, 220-223, 13, 25, 195, 13, 119, 157, 169, 17, 55, 
200-209, 38, 8x, 86, 39, 2x3, 2X4, 237, 39. 235, 50, 279; novices, II, 195, 208, 
13, 30, 31, 17, 20X, 38, 8t, 86; scholastics, 11, X95, X97, 17, 53, 38, 81; dojicos 
(native helpers), 19, 52; rules, duties, etc, 9, I2X, 13, 256-258, 319, 17, 2ox, 44, 
34, X06-109; expelled members, 18, 192, 33> 260, 37, x8i; apostate, marries 
heathen woman, 3^ xo, 4^1 various informatiooy 3, loi, 102, II» 193-195* I3t 
116, 1x8, 305, 18, 192, 19, 64, 65, 34, 81, 23X, 38, xox, 39, 42, 37. 220, 4a, X99f 
271. 

Their rel. labors, accompany exped., 11, 193-195, 3x8, 13, 1x7, 15, 90, 17, 76- 

78, 280, 33, X94, X95, 37, 254, 294, 30X, 345, 39, 2XX, 44, 37, 53, 62; convert here- 
tics, II, 199, 200, 13, 128, 17, 57, 58, 44, 36; in and around Manila, 6, 3x8, 10, 
33, 39, l^, 197-202, 207-209, 253, 255, 280, 13, 9. 10, 44. 45, 70, i79-i8x, X84- 
188, 254, 255, 17, 277, 36, 92, 95, 2XX, 44. 27-38, 41-44. 73, 74, 96-98, X00-X03, 
47, 61, 62; in gen., 13, 35. 53, 17. 54. ^a, 3<», 35, 106, 36, 267, 36, 45, 46, 44f 
33, 34, 40, 55, 76-78, X06-XX4 (see also Missions) ; methods in rel. instruction, 13, 
264, 317, 3x8, 13. 98. 142, 159. X63, X65, 202, 14, 238, 44, 93. X05-X13; found 
cong. and sodalities, li, X97, 198, 20X, 204, 13, 38, 69, 7X, X32, 13, 125 ("La 
Anunciata*'), X84, 17, 56, 64, 39, 150, 44, X09-XXX, 45, xox ("Blessed Virgin*'); 
introd. and advocate practice of flagellation, 11, X96, 200-206, I3, 249, 288, 13, 
32, 43, 45, 46, 55, 60, 79, 88, 91, xoo, xo6, X07, xxx, 125, 126, X29, X35, X64, 170, 
174, 175, X89, X97, 17, 56, 66, 67, 70, 7x, 44, 38, 49, i", "2; charities, 10, 33, 
II, 203, 13, 33, 17, 72, 33, 43, X94, 35, xoi, 38, 85, X28, 188, 199, 39) 171, 43, 
2x5, 44, 42, 48-50, 74. 77, 49, '79; admin, obras plas, 50, 298, 51, 57; »» preachers, 
chaplains, confessors, etc., 6, 318, 9, 29|^ li, 207, I3, 196, X99, 207, 220, 319, 320, 
13, 3», 35, 40, 44, 45, 48, 55, 59, 62, 68-70, 75, 76, 91, 92, X05, xo8, xx7, X79, 
x8i, 183, X90, 194, 195, X98, X99, 253, 14, 23X, 17, 61, 63, 72, 73, X18, X39, 30, 
246, 35, 107, 205, 297, 37, 22, 289, 306, 38, 81, 82, 85, 88, 90, 93, 98, 99, 151, 



Jesus] 



INDEX 495 



« 9 



T— I •yf ^-f J— f #> TJ* ^» -y» / ^» "^/^T "7^1 —""» -7—» -T3» •'^/f •"•/» •••31 "'»'» •^/f 

J, la, 119, I20, 198, aao^ i^z, aa6, 244, ^57, a8o, ^83, 297, ^98, I3, 34» 39. 40» 
116, 173, 184, 185, asi, 15, 59. 17. aoi, 19, ai8, ao, 243, aa, 117, 198, 293, 



169, X71, 171, aox, 334, a9, 2% 91, 212, 31, lasf 3^, 240, 35, 103, 106, 36, 46, 
47. 57. 38, 109. 39. a90, 4^, 123, 44, 27-37, 40, 41, 4^, 50. 53, 55, 60, 61, 78, 79, 
89. 9^ 97, 103, X07, 169, 47, 61, 1x8, 50, 274, 275; writers, linguists, etc, i, 44, 
6. 208, 209, 7, 45, 10, X82, II, 206, la, 235, 280, 284, 286, 319, 13, 35, 40, 4», 
135, 188, 189, 15, 178, 17. 70, 139. 19, 49. ^^, 198, 300, 33, 229, 230, 34, 81, 
as, 9a. "Of, a6, 35, 37, 306, 333, 340, a8, 84, 87, 3*6, 39, 48, 289, 35, 178, 
36, 45, 53, 58, 2x1, 37, «8o, 267, 38, 99. ««6, 40, 275, 28x, 4a, xx8, 122, X23, 
179. 44, a8, 30, 36, 37, 46, 87, 103 (their library, a8, 201, 37. 13a) ; educators, 
I. 4a, 5, 31, 3*. 7, 45, 9, 19. 10, iy4, 290, II, 192, 193, 207, 217, 225, 226, 257, 
283, 

50. 

300^ 33, 228, 34, 8x, 300, 35. 9a. "o«. a3a, ^7, 296, 305, 345, 356, 357, 38, 8x, 

85, 31, 5a, 53, ^^4, 366-3^9. 37a, 36, 45, 4^, 58, 83, 37, 35, x^3. 40, 278, 279, 
44, 89, 45, 165, 170, «7i. «74» X79, 46, 67, 340, 343, 35X, 364, 50, X38, 5^, "5, 
Z26, 208 (in S. Felipe ooU., 45, 170-174, 179; direct Ateneo Municipal, 15, 36, 
17. 308. 45, ^5. >9^. 53. 124. >25; in normal school, 45, 298, 46, 78, 80, 9X, 
229, 322, 53, 125; schools, conducted by them, 11, 204, 205, I3, 280, 283, 290, 
291, 297, 298, 17, 53. 35. 101, 37, 356, 357, 46, lox, 287). 
Achievements in science, medicine, agriculture, etc., 6, 46, 208, 299, 7, 9, 137, 

13, X98, 199, 228, 13, 58, 71, «35. '67, 194, 33, 103, 34, 300, 35, 88, lOX, 38, 
8% ^9, 29, 34, 3*6, 35, 170, 178, 2x4, 43, X99, 44, 42, 48, 77, 89, 51, "5, 271, 
53, x6i, 350; legal opinions by univ. professors, 47, 172, X74, 176, 179, 211; as 
envoys or ambassadors, 6, 242, 247, 8, 234, 235, I3, 35-37, 41, 198, 15, 270, 271, 
16, 282, 285, 33, 140, 14X, 33, 9«. 9*. 34, 17a, 37, 102, 39^45', 246, 31, 220, 

34, 3*6, 361. 36a, 36, 47, 37, 19a. 41, iia. 43, 1x8, 44. JwT 47, 247, 48, 148; 
in other polity 13, 158, 16, 282, 285, 313, 17, 295, 33, ^, 35, 269, 37, 24, 345, 

35, 183, 184, 36, 44-47. 41, SX4» 43, 35, ^24* 44, 162, 279, 46, 40, 50, 274, 
275, 53, 227; various mention, 6, 208, 209, 7^f 7, 3x8, 8, 40, 227, 11, 195, X96, 
245. 13, 30. 31, 9». 168, 169, 184, 17, fib,'5i'» 6«-65. 69, 138, 139, 18. 77, I9, 49. 
6s, 64, 33, 67, 296, 33, 212, 34, 131.^5, 215. 220, 234, 36, X65, 37, 335, 542, 
343, 38, 202, 39, 33, 143, 34, 32^, 36, 211, 246, 37, 56, 267, 38, 115, 39, 146, 
41, X05, 43, 125; X26, 179, 44, 68, 71, 73-77, 49, 221, 50, 279, 297, 51, 125, X75; 
writings, 9, X94, 13, 173-176, 18, 135, 33, 6x, 130-145, 181-2x6, 293-319, 323, 
33, 87-92, 299, 34, 229-244, 340, 35, 87-94, 322, 36, 3X-59, 315, 34, 385, 35, 
1x8, X76-X84, 39, X3X-X48, 40, 2X-3X, 41, 33-38, 273 (see also Books, and Biblio- 
graphical volume, 53). 

Jesus. See Christ. 

Jesiis, Ana de (Ord. S. Clare) : signs petition to king, 33, 107. 

Jesus, Carlos de (Rec) : life and labors, 41, 59, 123, X24. 

Jesus, Diego de (Rec) : miss'y in Mex., captured by Eng., 3i, 179. 

Jesus, Diego de, O.S^.: life and labors, 37, 226, 43, x88, 208-2x0, 239, 241. 

Jesijs, Francisco de, O.S.A.: imprisonment and torture in Japan, 34, 231, 235-240. 

Jesus, Francisco de (Rec) : miss'y to Japan, 3i, 253, 33, 182, 35, 83, 84. 

Jesus, Hilario de (Rec bp. of Coriza) : intrudes on Dom. miss., 48, 179; calls a 

council, x8a 
Jesus, Jer6nimo de, O.S.F.: escapes martyrdom in Japan, 14, 221, 15, 124, 126, 

196, 200; undertakes to negotiate with Jap. emperor for extending miss, there, 

14, 221, 200-205, 254, 256, 258, 16, 279; Acuna's instructions to him, 15, 252, 253, 
256-258, 16, 280; results, 15, 2S5, 16, 281; death, 29. 

Jems, Joseph de (Rec): joins Phil, miss., 41, 203. 



496 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [JcSUS 

Jesus (Jhesut), Juan de, O.S.P.: letter to L. Perez Datmarifiati cited, 9, 194. 
Jesus, Juan de (Rec.) : joins Phil, mitt., 41, 203. 
Jesus, Juana de (Rec. nun) : piety and virtue, J8, 311, 41, 99. 
Jesus, Luis de (Rec) : hittory of early Rec mitt., ai, 187-259. See alto under Booki. 
Jesiis, Luisa de (Ord S. Clare) : embarks for Phil., 38t 295 ; aignt petition, Ja, 107. 
Jetus, Maria de (beata) : sketch, 37, 33. 
Jesus, Miguel de: accompaniet mil. exped., a8, 331. 

Jesus, Pablo de, O.S.F.: first provin. of hit order in Phil., 35, 304, 305, 36, 314; 
life and labors, 4, 308, 309, 5, 350, 251, la, 193, 34i 3^5; letter to Gregory 

XIII (1580), 316-3^4, 453. 

Jesus, Phelipe de: sup. of hosp. ord., 47, 193. 

Je^us, Thomas de, O.S.A.: undertaket reform in Aug. obtervance, 13, 246. Stim^ 

ulus missionumf cited, 30, 159, i6a 
Jesus. See St. Teresa de Jesiit. 

Jesus (de la Basdda), Pedro, O.P.: mitt'y in Cambodia, 31, 147; sketch, 150, 151. 
Jesus (de las Casas), Felipe de, O.S.P.: martyred in Japan, 15, 124. 
Jesus (Covarubiat), Maria de: fint tuperior of Rec nunt, 13, 247. 
Jesus y Esguerra, Antonia (Dom. tertiary) : death, 43, 88. 
Jesus Maria, Diego de (Rec) : visitor of Inquis., 36, 87. 
Jesus Maria, Francisco de (Rec): Moros capture, 27, 2x6, 287; death, 221, 287, 

a8, 323. 
Jesus Maria, Isidoro de (Rec): at preacher, 37, 229; letter to vicmr-gen., 41, 

189-X93. 
Jesus y Maria, Jacinto de (Rec) : labors and martyrdom, Ji, 236, J8, 345, 35, 

63, 66-68. 
Jesus Maria, Joseph de (Rec): in controverty with Dom., 41, 257-263. 
Jetus Maria, Lucas de (Rec): builds bridge, J8, 253. 

Jesus y Marii, Manuel de (Rec) : martyred by Morot, J8, 323, 36, 177, 44, 165. 
Jesus y Ortega, Alooto de (gen. O. S. J. of G.) : book dedicated to^ 47, 161. 
Jesus de la Pena: name given by rel. to Mariquina (g.v,), 39, X33-X35, 4 J, 265, 

44, 105, X06. 
Jesus, Santisimo Nombre de: appellation of city of Cebii, i, 44. See Cebtl. 
Jessu, Raia (petty king of Gilolo) : visits Magalhaes't thips, 34> 43» 57t 65. 
Jettisons: must be reckoned as common risk, 10, 131. 

Jews (Hebrews): persecuted in Spain, IJ, ixo, 50, 26; rettrictiont on thoae con- 
verted to Chrit. faith {confesos), 5, 263; tynagoguet in Orient, 17, 26s, x8, 

207, 4a, X54; Hebrew language, 8, 164, 43i i23< 
Jidda (Djeddah, and mitprinted Juda, port in Arabia) : J7, 90^ 94, 34, 41, 153. 
Jigabo (locality in Albay) : its hot springs, 19, 282. 
Jigaquit (vill. in Mindanao) : founded by Rec, j8, 340; ceded to Jet., 343. See 

Gigaquit. 
Jilongos: a8, 276. See Ilongoe. 

Jimamailan (vill. in Negros) : an ecc dist, a8, 276. 
Jimenez. See also Xim^nez. 

Jiminez (vill. in Mindanao): pop. (1878), a8, 344. 
Jimenez (Gim6nez, Ximenez), Alonso, O.S.A.: life and labors, 33, 189, 190, 41, 

213, 243. 
Jimenez, Andres, O.S.A.: miss, labors, 24, 55. 
Jimenez, Baltasar, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 123. 



Johanni] INDEX 497 

Jimenez (Ximenez), Francisco, O.S.F.: various mention, JO, 1x9, 123, 124, 35* 
248, a6, 13a 

Jimenez, Gerdnimo, O.S^.: labors in Mez., 34, 433. 

Jimenez, Lorenzo, O.S.A.: exped. to Phil., 23, 139. 

Jimenez, Maria: her marriages, 37, 251, 4a, 133; banished from Manila, 37> 270. 

Jimenez (Ximenez), Pedro, OJP.: life and labors, 37, 129, 43» 59-^ 72*75} 9^ 

Jimenez Quesada, Gonzalo: conquers N. Granada, 14, 37. 

[Jimenez de San Est^ban, Lorenzo], (Augustinian) : dies at La Navidad, a, X03. 

Jimeno^ Romualdo (bp.) : letter (April %$, 1848), cited, j8, 319. 

Jimeno Agius, Jos6: writings, cited, 5a, 14a 

Jiquilite (xiquilite) : Hindu name for indigo {q,v, under Plants), 5a, 316. 

Jirado (Tirado), Juan: in conspiracy against Sal^do, 37, 59. 

Jiraldez, Gregorio, O.P.: report on Zambal missions, 38, 237. 

JinMi, Andr6s Arias (cura) : satire on, a6, $$ ; apptd. archdeacon, a7, 33. See 
also Giron. 

Joac (a Moro) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 

Joan (Portugese soldier): founds hospital order, 14, 164. 

Joan (Dutchman) : his testimony rdg. Dutch operations in Moluccas, 14, xx2-xi8. 

Joan: variant of Juan (Port Joao) ; see both those forms. 

Joan, Jacome (Jacone, Dutch) : factor at Tidore, 14, 1x3, xx6. 

Joan, Jaime (cosmographer) : dies at Manila, 6, 3xa 

Joan Baptista: Chin, governor, la, 143. 

Joan Gallego: appellation of Puerto de la Navidad, a, 67. See Navidad (La). 

Joao (Span. Juan, Joam, or Joan) II (of Portugal, 1481-95): negotiations with 
Spain regarding Demarcation Line, treaties, etc, i, 7, 23, 24, 113, x2o^ X2x, X32, 
X39, x6o, 208-211, 223, 228, 237, 238, a, 246, 260, 272-276, 28z, 286, 289, 3, 
Z23, 124; interview with Columbus, i, 24; his wife, aS, 125, 47, 24; sketch, i, 

355. 

Joao III (of Portugal, 1521-57): negotiations with Spain rdg. Moluccas, treaties, 
etc., I, 8, 29, 30, 146, 158, 159, I70-I75* "*. aa3» 3, 45. '24, ao7; becomes grand 
master of Ord. of Christ, i, 137; his daughter's marriage, 353; reproached for 
cruelty of Port, in Brazil to Span., a, 29; Ternatans swear allegiance to, 6, 64; 
his interview with Pigafetta, 34, 147; his reign, 19, 316; sketch, i, 355. 

Joao (Juan) IV (of Portugal) : writes to Port at Macao, 35, 181; sketch, i, 356. 

Joao V (of Portugal) : sketch, I, 356, 357. 

Joio VI (of Portugal): Macao is loyal to, 35, 180; sketch, I, 357. 

Joaquin (Span, corruption of name of Chin, city) : Jesuits in, 6, 209. (Probably a 
corruption of Fo-Kien, the prov. in which Chincheo and Fuchu are located, and 
therefore referring to one of those cities.) 

Jocelyn, Capt Robert (Brit naval officer) : in siege of Manila, 49, 44, 55, 73, 85. 

Jofre (Jufre), Antonio: apptd. roy. treas., 5, 33; oppresses Chin., 237. 

Jofre de Loaisa (Loaysia), Garcia (Span, explorer and navigator): his exped. to 
Orient (1525), I, 3». ^, ", ", 25-36, 38, 39, 43, 48, 79, 81, 33X, la, 178, 15, 
44, 19, 192, a3, 123, 124; gov. of Moluccas, a, 26, 27; men captured from, 3, 
129; Urdaneta accompanies, 15, 45; finds Span, in Ladrones, 33, 321; death, a, 
32, 34; sketch, 26; name honored, 23^ 127. 

Joham: a, 246. See Joao III. 

Johanna: baptismal name of Cebuan queen, 33^ 159. 

Johanni: Ital. form for name of Joao III (9.V.), 34, 147. 



498 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Johanni 

Johanni: baptismal name of a Patagonian, 33, 57. 

John of Guadalupe: founds Rec. branch of Fran, ord., JO, 91. 

Johor (Johore, Jor, Joor, division of Malay Peninsula): location, 7, 14a, 9, 319; 

miscalled an island, 15, 327, 34, 397, 40, 100; orig. home of Bajans, 43, x8s; 

relations with other Malaya, 10, 239, 3X1 103, 40, xoo; id^ with Dutch, 15, 313, 

327, 18, Z07, 108, 33t 333; attacked by Port., 34, 397; naval force, 31, Z03; a 

center of piracy, 43, 183 ; town of same name, founded, 18, Z07, 108. 
Jolo, Doctor — : arbitrator in a dispute, Ji, 82. 
Jo\6 (Xolo, town in island of same name) : described, 43, 147, 167, 168 ; attacked 

by Span., 4, 219, 46, 44; destroyed, 52, 343. See Phil. Is.: J0I6. 
Jones, Rev. William A., O.S.A.: note by, 43, 336. 
Joor: 7, 142, 9, 219, 34. 397; al«> Jor, 10, 239, 31, X03. See Johor. 
Jordan, Diego (an Ital.) : accompanies Dasmarifias, 16, 368. 
Jordan, Francisco, O.S.A: sketch, 37, 208. 
Jordana, R.: cited, 33, 223. 
Jordano, Diego: signs resolution, 9, 13a, 136. 
Jorge, Diego: his encomienda, 10, 205. 

Jorge, Domingo (a Port, in Japan) : persecution and martyrdom, 19, 55, 56. 
Jorva, Jacinto, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 69. 
Jos6 I (of Portugal, 1750-77) : sketch, i, 357. 
Joseph — , Fray, O.S.F.: despatch to Japan requested, 9, 29. 
Joseph Maria, Fray (eoc official at Rome) : licenses Chirino's work, IJ, 174. 
Jove, Capt Juan Antonio: exped. against Moros (1733), 46, 4a 
Jovellar, Joaquin (gov. of Phil.) : sketch, 17, 310. 
Juan (son of Fernando and Isabel of Castilla): signs treaty, i, 115, 129. 
Juan of Austria (illegitimate son of Carlos I of Spain) : acknowledged by father, 

3, 274; quells revolt in Granada, aa, 283; other mention, 37i 22$, 286; death, 

4a, 178. 
Juan (a mulatto servant) : saves friar, 38, 208. 
Juan, Bagobo: converted, 43, 246. 
Juan II (of Arag6n) : father of Fernando, i, 351. 
Juan II (of Castilla) : his marriage, 47, 251 ; father of Isabel, i, 351. 
Juan II (of Portugal) : i, 12a See Joao II. 

Juana ("la Loca," of Spain): negotiates treaty, i, 159; sketch, 27S1 352, a, 26. 
Juana Enriquez (of Arag6n) : mother of Fernando, i, 351. 
Juanes (Mex. Indian): naturalized among Filipinos, a, 148, 149; dies by poison, 

«53. 
Juarez (Xuarez) Gallinato, Capt Juan (Span, oflker) : exped. to Cambodia, 9, 

i99> 265, 10, 44, 216, 226-228, I5> 81-89, 16, 264, 266; refuses crown of that 

country, 16, 267; in Tuy exped., 14, 3x9; in Chin, insurrection, 127, 128, 16, 40^ 

53, 294; exped. against Moros, la, 39, 15, 209, 240, 243, 264, 265; id., to Moluccas, 

28 z, 282, 16, 60, 285, 3x3, 315, 31, 249; other mil. affairs, 8, 286, 9, 277, I a, 

41. 77. «34i 14, 309. 15, 241-243, 272, 16, 283, 284, 3x1, 17, 1x6, 147, 287, 19, 

X95, 196, a7, 98, 192, 31, 77. 78, 98; various mention, 9, 122, X32, X36, lO, 45, 

II, 292-30X, 15, 86, xoo, xoi, 130, X3X, X39-X43, 159, 283, 285, 286, aa, 244, 31, 

99, 47. 27. 
Juarez de Mendoza, Lorenzo, Conde de Coruna: viceroy of N. Espana, 5, 31, a3, 

227; cited, 5, 3«- 
Juarez: see Xuarez. 
Juda (misprint for Jidda), a7, 90, 94, 34, 4X, 153. 



Kina Balu] INDEX 499 

Jadea (Siam) : 9, 164. See Ajruthia. 

Jogo (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom of city, 49, 34s. 

Ju-kua, Chao (Chin, geographer) : his description of Phil. Is., 34, 183-194, 451. 

Jnmangi: 5^* 35i- See Ifumangies. 

Jimipero, Fray — , O.S.F.: in procession, 19, 6a. 

Jarado, Francisco, O.P.: see Cruz, Francisco de la. 

Justiniano^ — (card.) : approves Aug. rules, 33, 286. 

Jusdniano, Joan Batista: commands ship, 10, 48, 49. 

Juthia (variant of Ayuthia, g.v,) : a name of Sanscrit origin, 5a, 333. 

Kabansuan (son of Serif Ali) : rules Mindanao^ 46, 46. 

Kaempfer, Engelbert (Dutch historian) : cited, 15, Z19. 

Kaffa (Cafa, port on Black Sea) : an early trade-center, 16, 224. 

Kaffirs (African tribe) : weapons, a, 267. 

Kafiristan (region in central Asia) : origin of name, and location, 3, 93. 

Kafirs (Cafres, Caphrae) : meaning and application of term, 3, 93; sold as slaves, 

10, 87, 16, 164, 184; numerous in Manila, 38, 167, 44, 29; gardeners, 4a, 243; 

galley-slaves, 44, 37; abhorred by Fil. women, 40, 254; rel. work among, 44, 

31. 3a» 37; various mention, i, 328, 4, 145, 225, 235, 17, 253, 40, 289, 44, 3©^ xoo. 
Kaga (Canga, prov. in Japan): location, and chief city, 35, 120; Fran, in, 119. 
Kaili (Caile, Cajeli, dist in Celebes): location, 38, 66; industries and customs ol 

people, 67, 68. 
Kaiyuen (town in China) : Tartars capture, 18, 21a 
Kalagan (variant of Caraga, q,v.) : human sacrifices in, 51, 26. 
Kilikot (Calicut) : early history, 33, 331, 332. 
Kalingas (Igorot tribe): 5a, 351; habitat, ao, 27a See Calingas. 
Kamaludin: first sultan of J0I6, 43, 173. 

Kanakan: appellation of owners of large estates in Mindanao, 51, 84. 
Kashima (Caxima, city in Japan): Dom. church in, 31, 256. 
Kasis (casis, gazizes) : meaning of term, 9, 284, 16, 134, 27, 284. See under 

Mahometans. 
Katipunan (Fil. secret society) : objects and formation, 17, 311, 46, 361, 50, 

I73> 5^t 17^1 i^Si 205; relations to Freemasonry, 46, 361, 5a, 24, 131, 234, 255, 

2s6; its organ, 176, 203, 204; other mention, 43i 8z, 46, 361, 5a, 93, 131, 184- 

189, Z91, 202, 205, 225, 256-259, 280, 281, 284. 
Keilang (Kelung, port in Formosa) : its excellence and importance, 9, 304, 307, 

310; Span. mil. post at, 35, 136. 
Kelly, Raymond (Irish pilot) : killed in service of Spaniards, 49, 205. 
Kempenfelt, Capt. Richard (Brit officer) : achievements in siege of Manila, 49, 

48» 53-55. 63, 73, 84, 99, xoo. 
Kenny, Rev. Laurence J., S.J.: aid from, acknowledged, i, 16. 
Keppel, Commodore — (Brit, naval commander) : exped. by, 49, 44. 
Ketchil (variant of cachil) : meaning and application of term, 10, 61. See under 

Moros: government. 
Keyser y Munoz, Jos6 de: owns Philippina, 53, 35. 
Khan-palik (Comlaha) : residence of Chin, ruler, 34, 133, 172. 
Khing-Sai (Kingsze) : 3, 41. See Hang-Chau. , 

Kiang-Su (Kiangsi, prov. in China): capital, 3, 42; miss, in, 22^ 198, 4a, 166. 
Kieman, Thomas J. (librarian) : aid from, acknowledged, i, z6, 53, 54. 
Kina Balu: mountain in Borneo, 33, 353. 



500 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [King 

King, Capt. Richard (Brit officer) : in Manila dege, 49, 56, 57, S3. 

Kings: origin of their rule, 48, 333; obligadona and funcdoni, 333, 334, 337, 341, 
350-353; power and authorit>r, 333, 353-354; cannot be coerced, i, 66; seduaioii, 
a, 227; papal grants to, i, 113; receive trib., etc, I, 39, 344 (see Exchequer). 

Kingsborough, Lord: his collection, 53, 41. 

Kingsz^ (Cansay, Conoe, Khing-Sal, Quincay), location, 3, 41, 4, 56, 57; meaning 
of name, 57. 

Kino (Chino), Eusebius, S.J.: life and labors (in California), 4 J, 197. 

Kin-si6 (Sipuan, Tching Kingmay, son of Kue-Sing [9.^.]): rebels against liia 
father, 36> 248. 

Kidto (formerly Miako) : old capital of Japan, 9, 26; location, 6, 305; its palace 
and temples, 19, 51, 24, 343. 

Kircher, Athanasius, SJ.: sketch, 38, 49,. 5a 

Knapp, Aloysius, SJ.: sketch, 50, 317. 

Knox, — (Amer. officer) : in Wilkes ezped., 43, 131. 

Knox, Rev. Patrick B.: note by, 17, 155. 

Kocart, Georg, S.J.: dies on shipboard, 44, 77. 

Konkanis. See Canarins. 

Korea (Acoray, Coray, Core, Corea, Coria, Correa, country in eastern Asia) : loca- 
tion, 9, 44; poor, 41; dependency of China, 13, 389; conquered by Jap., 8, 360, 

9, 36, 43. 44, 46, 55, 123, 135, lO, 3X3, 13, 289, 14, 138, ^5, 1*5, «98, 31, 173; 
relations with China, 9, 41, 133, 14, 46, 47, 19, 45 ; missions in (see under Mis- 
sions) ; character and occupations of people, 3a, 88 ; other mention, 10, 171, la, 
9a 

Koshi. See Confucius. 

Kota, Kachil (Moro prince) : envoy to Manila, 15, 348. 

Kublai Khan: called "the great Khan," 4, 57; his capital, 56. 

Kuchi (Cauchi) : Malay appellation of Cochinchina (9.V.), 4, 131. 

Kuda (Cutay, Kuddy, Moro prince): grandson of Corralat, 46, 46, 52, 349; 
usurps sultanate of Magindanao, 46, 45, 46. 

Kudarat (variant of Qudrat, corrupted to Corralat) : sultan of Magindanao^ 46, 

45, 4^, 53» 349* See Corralat 
Kue-sing (Cogsen, Coseng, Cotsen, Ko-xinga, Punpuan, Tching-tching-cong, Chin. 

pirate) : conquers Formosa, 36, 253-258 ; forces and wealth, 219, 350^ 353-355 ; 

demands trib. from Span., and threatens Manila, 219, 230, 336, 238, 240, 347, 348, 

262, 37, 116-1x9, 316, 224, 236, 38, 215, 41, 86, X45, 183, 184, 310^ 311, 47, 69; 

Manila Chin, consequently revolt, 37, 117, 41, 86; death, 36, 347-249, 41, 316; 

sketch, 36, 218. 
Kuma: produced in Paragua, 49, 31. 

Kunquyn (a Japanese): granted conquest of Philippines, 9, 39. 
Kuwambaku (Cuambaco, Quampec, Quanpec) : Jap. designation for regent apptd. 

by Mikado, 8, 262, 9, 132, 10, 171. See also Hideyoshi. 
Kwang-Chow-Foo: 3, 41. See Canton. 
Kwang-Tung (prov. in China) : its metropolis, 3, 41. 

Labana, Juan Baptista: letter, cited, 47, 83. 

Labao, Juan, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 43, 163. 

Labaya (encom. in Pangasinin) : status and pop. (1591), 8, 104, 105. 

Labazaris: 34, 202. See Lavezaris. 

Labia: Malay designation of hermit, 44, 93. See Bardashes. 



Laguna de Bay] index 501 

Labo (Spin, fort on Paragua Is.) : erected by order of Bustamante, 44, 151, isa. 

Labo y Aguetet (encom. in Camarines) : tUtus and pop. (1591), lax, laa. 

(Xaborda, Domingo?] O.P.: vicar at Abuatan, 3 J, 114. 

Laborers. See Workmen. 

Labrador: English at, J, 37; claimed by both Span, and Port, 3f ia6, 34» 337- 

Lacalle, Juan Garcia, O.P.: sketch, 32, i6a 

La Calle, Luis de (ecc) : sketch, J5, 310, 317. 

Lacandola (Lacandora, Tag. chief): identity, 15, 48; owns property in Borneo, 4, 

154; relations with Span., 151, 15, 53, 33, 198-aoo, aas. 
La Carlota (vill. in Negros) : pop., a8, 331. 
Lacasamana: see Ocufia Laksamana. 
Lacaylacay (port in Borneo) : Span, at, 44, 78. 
Lace: in trade, 6, 150, 39, 307; Eur., made by Fil. girls, 46, 355; its excellence, 

16, 144; bobbins for, 48, 376; various mention, la, 246, 16, i8s, 19, 6$, 40, 17a 
Lachambre, Josi de (gov. of Phil.): official career, 17, 311. 
Lad (vilL in Bohol) : pop. (1878), a8, 333. 
Lackejrs: livery, 33, 55, 59; hold offices, I, 54, 51, 109. 
Lacnipan (Zambal settlement) : pop. (1680), 47, 394. 
Lacquer-work: writing-desks of, 39, 302. 
Lacsamana, Francisco (Ind. master-of-camp) : commands Pampango soldiers, 36, 

336. a37. 

Ladders: houses entered by, 3, 81, I3, 308, 33, i3i; made of bamboo, IJ, 191, 
308, 16, 1x8; of rattans, 3i, 332, 340. 
Ladera, J. R. de: 41, 156. See Rodrigues de Ladera. 

Ladia, Pedro (Bomean) : executed for sedition, 38, 98, 99. 

Lado, Francisco, S.J.: life and labors, 38, 134, 135, 41, 399, 44, 78, 90. 

Ladron de Guevara, Pedro: member of hosp. order, 47, 196. 

Ladrones (people of Marianas Is.): i, 28. See Chamurres; and Islands: Marianas. 

Laen (misprint by Buzeta for Lal-16 [9.V.] ) : 38, 288. 

Laerzio (Laerdo), Alberto, S.J.: sketch, 17, 264. 

Lafranconio, Pedro, O.S.A.: gen. of his order, 43, 128. 

Laglig (now Duenas, vill. in Panay) : admin, by Aug., 17, 199, 33, 218, 293, 294, 
34, 39, 82, X69, 38, 150, 166, 37, 156, 2X5, aa4» 38, 2x6, 2x7, 220. 

Lago, Bernardo, O.S.A.: forms new miss., 51, 49. 

Lagonoy (Lagunoy, vill. and dist in Camarines) : encouL in, 8, X23 ; curacy, 38, 
153, X64. 

Laguan (Lauan, vill. in Samiir) : pop., 17, 206. 

Laguio y Malate (vill. near Cavite) : a rqy. encom., 5, 89, 8, 99; pop. (X59X), 
99; location, 16, 36; admin, by Aug., 8, 58, 99 (their property appropriated for 
crown, 4s); first Jesuits in Phil, settle at, I3, X94; Ind. settlement, 16, X44; 
Jap settle near, 198; Jap. seminary begun there, 3i, 87; vill. burned by Chin., 
16, 36; inhab. trade with Manila, 3i, 89. 

Laguna, Marques de la: viceroy of Mexico, 39, X47, 300, 43, 270. See Cerda, 
Tomds Antonio de la. 

Laguna de Bay (Vai), or de Bombon (also known as Laguna, and La Laguna, 
prov. in Luzon): called Bay, 8, 1x7; location and extent, 5, 83, 7, 35, 39; in- 
cluded in Manila, 18, 96; lands, encom., 8, XX5-XX7, 306, 33, 223; crown, 33, 
36; fertile, 53, 42; ownership of, 304; roads, 43, X76; pop., i, 40, 5, 204, 7, 
39, 8, XX7, 37, 82, 38, 130; no. of trib., 33, 2xx, 47, xx8; vill. in, 8, 306, 14, 
244, 33, 2X1 ; products, 30, 258, 33, 70, 33, xo6, 43, 224, 49, 264, 51, 130, X34, 



502 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Laguna 

Laouna db Bat (continued) — 

53, 317; a fruit market, 23, 285; industriet, 38, 53; supplies pnmsions to Ma- 
nila, 10, 308, 309, 23, 28 s» ^9, 229; inhabitants, summoned to render homage 
to Span, king, 10, 282-287; liable to mil. service, 36, 240; enrolled as soldiers, 

13, 160; loyal to Span., 145, 160, 18, 341; exactions of Span, from, 41, 34; 
ancient marriage customs, 40, 220; governed by ale-may., 7, 40, 133, 11, 89, 

14, 252, 18, 97, 19, 203, 279, aa, 228, 242, 33, 106, 209, J7, 25, ai9» aio, 36, 
302, 4a, 193; election of local officials in, 17, 327, 50, 208; various matters of 
admin., 50, 104, 200, 212, 230; various events in history, 16, 40, 41, J9, 227, 
36, 238, 239, 49, XX5, X37, 202, 224, 243, 265, 291, 292, 5a, 93f 257. 293; hot 
springs, la, 213, 39, 288; consequent erection of hosp. at Los Bafios (see under 
Hospitals) 30, 239, 240, 36, 96, 47, 227; infirmary of Fran., 35, 289, 47, 227; 
subject to see of Manila, 28, xzi, 261, 266; curacies, 129, 164, 267, 283; heathen 
to be converted in, 36, 267; rel. statistics, i, 40, 7, 39, 8, 1x7, 34, 380, 47, 145- 
148; missions, etc., Aug., J3> X9X| 203, 2zz, 2x4, 228, a8, 130, 36, 2x0, 4 J, 266; 
Fran., 10, 254, J3, 228, a8, X46, X47, x68, 309, 3x0, 35, 280, 36, 2x4, 2x7, 37, 
258; Rec, 38, 300, 347; common schools (X892), 46, xox; various mention, 7, 
X02, XX5, X85, 9, 63, a8, X47, 45, 275. 

Laguna de Bombon (Bonvon) : called a prov., 18, 96 ; incl. in alcaldia of Balayan 
(9.V.), 97, 19, 279; river (R. Pansfpit) in, may furnish access for Manila to sea, 
18, 295, 296. See Bombon. 

Lagunas, P. B. de. See Brabo de Lagunas. 

Lagunilla, Baltasar de, S.J.: as procurator, conducts lawsuit, j8, 84; asks grant for 
Jesuits, 35, X69-X75. 

Laguo: 5, 89. See Laguia 

Lagutao (Calinga chief) : a rebel, is slain, 50, 57. 

La Hermita: 47, X75, 202. See Hermita. 

Lairaya (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. miss, at, 36, 57. 

Lajara (Laxara), Juan de (Span, officer): accompanies Figueroa to Mindanao^ 9, 
264; arrested for abandoning his post, lO, 42, 220; succeeds Figueroa, 11, X35; 
various mention, 9, X22, 264, Ja, 2x8. 

Laji: Moro rancheria, 43, 202. 

Lakes — 

In general: in Luz6n, 33, 209; in Batain, 31, 7x; both salt and fresh, in La- 
guna, 33, 285; in Igorot country, one formed by an earthquake, 41, X05; in 
Mindanao, 4, 282, 49, 39; in Sumatra, 40, 43, 308. A means of transport, 18, 
295» 296, ao, 231, 33, 283, 37, 302, 35» 93> 37i 278; abound with crocodiles, 
35, 300, 37, 304- Bato (Batu), 5, 93, ^8, 290. 
Names — 

Bay (Bai, Vay), ancient forms of name, 34, X85; origin, 36, 96 (here called 
Bari) ; location of lake, 3, x6o, 7, 39, 47, 88, 51, X63; description, 3, x6x, IJ, 
210, 2x6, 16, 95, 96, 33, 2XO-2X2, 34, 380, 36, X94, X95; extent, 3, i6x, 7, 39, 
13, 2x6, 37, 289; tributaries, 34, 309, 41, 93; outlet, 7, 39, 16, 233, 36, 202; 
crocodiles in, 37, 304; mountains near, 35, 2x6, 44, xox; transport of troops 
via, 37, 302; vill. on shores, 3, x6x, 38, 300, 37, 162, 44, X05; encom., 8, XX5- 
XX7, 34, 309, 380; its jurisd., 36, 96; region raided by Brit, 49, 229; various 
mention, 13, 2x3, 2x4, 38, x68, 309, 37, 275, 53, 33X, 334; see also Laguna de 
Bay. 
Borob6n (Bonbon, Bongbong, or Taal), location, 7, 39, 40; description, 3, 82, 



Lalo] 



INDEX 503 



J3, ao9, a^t 3S; volcano in, J3, azo (tee Volcanoes: Taal) ; fith in, 16, 9s, 96, 
35i 300; vill. along, 36, 97; Span, at (iS7o), 3> 83; diat assigned as enconiL, 
34> 30S; depopulated, 23, 283; convents near, 263, 28a; transport on, 18, 29$* 
Bulilan, 40, 298, 43t i9^> 282. 
Canarem, its overflow, 51, $$. 
Candaba, Chin, colony at, 50, 57. 
Compongan (in Mindanao), Ji, 224. 

Dano, soil taken from, for consecration of sultans, 46, 46, 47; fort built 
near (?), 10, 6a 
Danao, 40, 310 (see, next, Lanao). 

Lanao (or Danao; meaning 'Make*', or Malanao), described, ai, 197, 272, 39, 
162, 275, 35, 92, 44, 63-65; affords communication with coasts, J9, 162, 35t 9^ 
93; trib. streams, 99; gives name to island and people, 40, 310, 313, 51, 86; 
pop. (Moro), 37, 357, 35, 92, 40, 1x7, 43, 181, 287, 44, 64, 99; petty rulers 
about, 64, 48, Z72; Corralat claims that region, 29, 148; high-road around, 44, 
64; Span. mil. exped. against, J7, 357, 29, 159, 162, 273-275, 35, 98-105, 4X1 
284, 44, 62, 53, 162; Span, fort at, 39, 200, 35, 106-113; piracy suppressed 
there, 43t 185; U. S. mil. roads across Mindanao meet here, 39, 162, 43» 284; 
Rec miss, at, 3i, 303, 35, 9«-97» «o5, 40, xi8, 41, 155, 46, 57; Jes. miss., 38, 
34«. 35, 98, X05, 46, 57. 
Libon, trib. streams, 5, 95. 

Liguasan, described, 4, 283-285, 10, 54, 71, 37, 267; region adjoin., 292 (see 
Buhayen) ; Span, at, 10, 65; (here misprinted Lanao, 53, 334), 71. 
Unao, size, 31, 302; Rec a^ 302, 38, 34a 
Nsujin, described, 38, 37. 
Panguel, commanded by fort, 49, 41. 
Sapuluh kota, 40, 43. 
Sibuguey, pop. about, 44, 7a 
Singkara, described, 40, 43. 

Tasl, 3, 82, 7, 39, 33, 209, 263, 282, 283 (see, above, Bombdn). 
Yligan (Iligan, q.v,), 36, 103. 
Laksamana (Lacassmana, a Malay title) : meaning, 15, 88. See Ocuna, Lacas- 

amana. 
Lalabuan: location, 44, 64. 
Lalac: part of an encom., 34, 306. 
Lalagha, Raia (Moro) : ruler of Sanghir, 33, 247. 
La Laguna. See Laguna. 
Lalan: vill. in Cebu, 33t 167, 337. 
Lalasa: trade reports from, 19, 169. 
Lalauiton (Lalaviton) : admin, by Jes., 38, 152, 172. 

Lal-I6 (Lalo, Lallo, Lallo-c, vill. in Cagaydn) : location, 16, 146, 37, 248 (at or 
near site of the old N. Segovia, 14, 289, 38, 288 (misprinted Laen by Buzeta), 

34, 384; capital of Cagayin, ^8, 159, 174; Irrayas settle in, 43, 63. Capital 
of N. Segovia bprc, 33, 163, 38, 157, 39, 150, 43, 264; curacy, 38, 158, 164; 
rel. exiled to, 43, 221; infirmary at, 47, 227; admin, by Dom., 15, 281, 17, 94, 

35, 208, 259, 38, X57, 30, 302, 31, 266, 33, 105, 231, 35, 33, 37, 89, 1x7, 43, 81. 
Lallave, — (deputy in Cortes): arraigns govt of Phil., 51, 290. 

Lallave, Manrique A. (ex-Dom. priest): cited, 53, 127; sketch, z68. 
Lalo, Gracia (Ind. convert) : secures conversion of her family, 30, 195. 



504 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Laloan 

Laloan: admin, by Rec, J8, 175. 

Lalung, Agusdn (alf^res) : pay-check commutcdy 96, i6s. 

Lalutan (vill. in Cebil) : mentioned by Pigafetta, 33, 167. 

Lalutaya: admin, by Rec, J8, 175. 

Laman (Mindanao slave) : depoddon of, 4, »66, 

Lamb, John Derickson (hispanidzed, Juan Rodriguez Lam, Dutdi commander): 

at Play a Honda, 18, 7a 
Lambert!, Giuseppe (Joseph), S.J.: killed by Moros, j8, 328, 44, 86, 48, 147; 

sketch, ^8, 329. 
Lamhoncillosi nadves of Catanduanes wear, 16, 107. 
Lamianin: dist. in Ilocos, 38, iSa, 183, 186. 
Lamitan (La Mitan, town in Mindanao): locadon, J7, 963, 325; battle at (1637), 

39, Z2a-i25, 160; captured and plundered by Span., J7, 263-269, 324, 325, 351; 

other mendon, 27, 254, J9, 143* 
Lam Kin (oomipdon of Nanking [9.^.]): i^, 104. 
Lamot (vill. in Tuy) : location, 14, 324; Span, exped. at, 266, 288. 
Lamp6n (Lampon, Lamp6n, port in E. Luz6n) : location, 35, 176, 41, 93; road 

from to Manila, 35, 2x6, 37t 18, 288-290; environs, 38, 144, 41, 93; port for 

Acapulco gall, (ships at, etc.), j8, 311, 35, 216, 37» 102, x6x, 162, 230^ 258, 

364* 375t ^S7> 44> 77t 47* ^S; proposed site for arsenal, 48, 187; miss'y labors 

in, 38, 3x0, 41, 96. 
Lamps: of gold or silver, IJ, 248, J9, 36, 30, 232, 50, 305; in rel. ceremonies, 9, 

X07, a8, 183, 50, 79, 95; oil for, in churches, furnished by govt, 47, 130^ 135; 

used by natives, 7, 186, 43> 261; other mendon, IJ, 222, 17, 58, 37, X07, 31, 

271, 34, 34«. 37. ao4. 44. "», 130- 

Lamson-Scribner, Frank (chief of PhiL Bur. Agric.): cited, 51, 126. 

Lansb, Miguel (Fil.): heads insurgents, 3 J, 148, 149. 

Lanama Altsmirano, Miguel de (advocate) : arrives at Manila, 4 J, 202. 

Lanang (Moro vill.) : described, 43, 20a 

Lanao (dist in Mindanao): extent, 29, 162; productions, 35, 92; opium smug- 
gled into, 43, X54; Moro Exchange in, 5 J, 351. See also Lakes: Lanao. 

Lanadng (visita of Andpolo) : Jes. miss, in, 44, xox, xo2. 

Lancaster, Sir James: plunders Pemambuco, JO, 149. 

Lancaster, Joseph (English educator) : sketch, 5 J, 31a 

Lancey, — (Brit judge) : his daughter marries Draper, 49, 47. 

Lsnchan ( Alanchan, Lantchang, Lanxang) : capital of Lao, 15, 143 ; Span, at, 87, 
149. 

Landan: valley of (in Ilocos), pop. (1582), 5, X09. 

Landan (native name for starch of sago-palm) : 4, 276, 284. See Plants and trees: 
Sago-palm. 

Landecho, Madas (Mathia) de: commander of ship, 15, xx6, xx8, J7, 191 ; robbed 
by Jap., 15. 126. 

Lands: of New World, granted by popes, i, 89, 90, XOO-X04, 109-1x2, 138 (see De- 
crees, etc., papal; and Demarcation line); discovered there (see Expeditions; 
Portugal; Spain; and Navigation); in Phil. Is., demanded by conquistadors, J, 
X 56-158; divided between them and colon., 3, X52; how allotted to latter, a, 54, 
34, 249; mil. grants, 47, X99; allotments in towns, 5, 290-292; given to actual 
settlers, 264, 265; assigned for industries, 291, 5^. 33i; (sec Encomiendas; and 
Grants) ; homesteads, 3, 156, 7, 157, 9, 237 (homestead law of U. S., a, 54) ; 
inherited, 5a, 296, 297; no. of holders of (X864), i, 60; abandoned, 5a, 42; 



Langaran] INDEX 505 

reference-litt of books rdg., 143, 144; ponetted by natiTes, 3, 368, 7, 175; al- 
lotted by Span, to natives, 48, 33; bought by ChuL, 10, 88; when natives own, 
or may own, 52, 293-297, 302, 304; communal, allotted to vilL, 7, 175, 48, 24s, 
50, 244-246 (how used), 51, 201, 5a, 295, 297, 306, 307 (ground rents advised 
for); bartered, 16, 128, 40, 360; as marriage gifts, 40, 366; crown {riaUngos)^ 
4a, 26, 53, 295, 306, 307; how obtained, 296, 297, 302; possession of, how taken, 
and acts of, J, 136, 170, 332, 3, 109, izo; squatter-rights in, 5 J, 306; right to 
cult them sold, 296; if not cult, taken from holder, 48, 244, 50, 252; diflkulties 
in selling, 51, 20a; lands of persons dying without heirs, revert to crown, 50, 
245; unjustly held by rel. ord., adjudged to crown, 48, 29, 32; sequestered, Ji, 
88, 89 (see Penalties); Soc Econ. rep. on, $2, 312; donated to rel. and hosp. 
ord., 10, 250, 14. 228, Jl, 84, 194, 285, 286, j8, 86, 44» 9ii 45, S<H. 47. X74, 
175, 199-202, 213, 50, 89 (see also Alms; Grants; and the several orders); 
woodlands owned by hosp. and rel. ord., 47, z66, 201; roy. grants exempt from 
city taxes, 45, 209; origin of estates in Phil., 5 J, 302; increase in extent of 
friars' estates, 50, 141; validity of their possession questioned, 48, 29-36, 50, 
155; lands usurped by rel. from natives, 14, 337, 328, 17, 151, 152, 48, 37-36, 
14Z, 50, 15s; should be given to Chin., to employ them in agric, 18, 306; officials 
prohib. from buying, 50, 195; in Mindanao, the cultivators are sold with the 
lands, 84; security in ownership of, needed, 51, 365; private persons acquire, 
illegally, 32; given as security for loans, 5a, 304, 305; reform of abuses urged, 
306, 307; laws rdg., 50, 244-246, 5a, 59, 143, 295-399, 302; adjustment of boun- 
daries, 48, 31; judge of claims, 44, 115; attempts to adjust titles, 39, 26, 33; 
time allowed for proof, 4 J, 34; adjusted by "composition," 5 J, 296, 342; reform 
therein urged, 51, 201-203; general acct of land titles and transfers, and crown 
lands, 53, 291-307; titles of reL ord. questioned, 48, 29-36, 50, 135; failure to 
cult, forfeits right of possession, 51, 265, 5^> 296; suits over, among natives, 
how settled in early times, 16, 329. Ecc amortization of, 50, 270; disamortiz- 
ation, defined, 271; estates of Jesuits in Phil., 297, 299, 302-306; surveyors, 48, 
30-32; deeds, 30, 229; records, 47, 2oc^ 5^, 297, 307; mortgages, 47. i75. SO, 
241, 53, 304; agreement of retrovedendi, 295, 304, 305; land-tax urged, 65, 143, 
144; farms must be worked by owners, not rented, 294; measures for land (see 
Weights and measures); prices, 30, 229, 53, 42, 43, 303; rental (incl. rates), 
ao, 238, 33, 36> 39, 203, 34, 43a, 47, 201, 202, 48, 142, 50, 89, 90, 5a, 307; 
fertility of soil in Phil., 6, 149, 170, 14, iS7, 185, 307, 18, 102, 238, 19, 251, 280, 
ai, 305. 309, 3»3, ^a. 298, 33, 214, 38, 313, 39, 209, 31. 138, 3^, "4. 34, 
227, 36, 98, 102, 201, 38, 270, 271, 39, «2, 97, 98, 41, 159, 235, 306, 47, X18, 
48, 103, Z04, 51, 126, 243; sometimes sterile, 14, 303, 3i, 226, 3x3, 33, 93, 44, 
83; that of Zamboanga and Ceylon compared, 47, 264, 268; various kinds, 30, 
268, 31, 239, 33, 244, 39, 98; cult and products, 51, 127-139; fertile soils of 
other regions, 6, 140, 14, 185 (California), 3^, 91, 185 (Formosa), 35, 122. 
Cult of land urged, 52, 43; native method of clearing it, 37, 296; methods of 
cult, 51, Z28, 129, Z33 (see Agriculture) ; Amer. plantation system unknown in 
Phil., I, 70. See also Mammals: cattle-farms. 

Lane, William C. (librarian): aid from, acknowledged, i, x6. 

Lang, Mattheus (Matteo, abp. of Salzburg): other dignities, 33, 275; letter by 
Transylvanus {g.v.) to, i, 92, 93, 303-337. 

Langara, Prauncar (Phra-Unkar, king of Cambodia). See Prauncar Langara. 

Langarin (vill. in Mindanao): admin, by Rec, 3i, 303, 35, 94; by Jes., 38, 151, 
Z7i> 35. 105, X06. 



5o6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Languigucy 

Languiguey (vill. in Bantayan) ; 5, 147. 

Lankin (Lanquien) : 15, 177, 178. See Nankin. 

Lanoy Faces, Luis de (bishop) : in Siam, 4^, 143. 

Lanquibo, Capt Ciriaoo: his men murdered, 43, si 3. 

Lant, Capt: his master-of-€amp, 11, 297. 

Lantchang (Lanxang) : 15, 87. See Lanchan. 

Lanterns: of horn, ^t 190; candles for, 18, 136; carried by ships, 4, aiSt 35t >S3» 

^39. a49» «6a. 
Lanuza, Timoteo (member of Liga Filipina) : arrested, 53, 226. 
Lanzacorta, Jacinto de, O.S.A.: miraculous escape, J4, 137-140. 
La6, Lieut — : officer of Span, troops, 36, 295. 
Laoag (Ilaoag, Lauag, Lavag, vill. in Ilooos) : pop., J3, 279, 51, 199; leper hoep. 

at (18x4), 37; admin, by Aug., 33, 378, J4, 48, 140, 37. X5^. a«9. ^S. a44- 
Laoe (Lao, Lave, town in Borneo) : destroyed, 33, 333 ; identity, 35a. 
Laos (Lao, country N. of Camboja; also its people): boundaries and products, 15, 

143; relations with Camboja, 10, 326, 238, 15, 78, 86, 143, 149, 378, 16, 365, 

368, 19, 195, 31, 89, 105; with Span., 15, 87, 131, 138, I43-I45t «48-«50b »53. 

155, 16, 267, 31, no; with Cochinchina, 15, 143, 31, 99. 
Laot: dist in Borneo, 33, aia 

Lapicque, Louis, M. D.: studies Negrito, 43, 1x4, X15. 
Laplace, Cyrille P. T. (French adm.) : cited, 5 J» 69. 
Lapog (vill. in Ilocds) : admin, by Aug., J8, 167. 
Lapugan (encom.) : pop. (1591), 8, Z12; reduced by Span., 9, 84. 
Laquian (Silaquian, Ind. interpreter) : serves Gabriel de Rivera in Mindanao^ 4, 

264, 267, 274, 275, 277, 282, 285, 288, 292, 296, 300. 
Lar (city of Persia) : coin named for, 19, 315, 316. 
Lara, — (ale. of Leyte) : seizure by insurgents, and death, 40, 25a 
Lara, Alonso de, O.S.A.: official honors, 37, 156, 164; sketch, 156. 
Lara, Christoval de, S.J.: arrives in Manila, 44, $6; letter to Cardenas (1636), ^6, 

365-269, 315. 
Lara, Ferando de, O.P.: moves Tuga mission, 43, 79. 
Lara, Juan de la: deputy of Misericordia, 47, 26. 
Lara, Pedro de, O.S.A.: death, IJ, 295. 
Lara, Pedro Carlos Cristobal de, SJ.: in Carigara, 36, 53. 
Lara 6 Irigoyen, Juan de (gov. of Phil.) : sketch, 17, 307. 
Lara, S. Manrique de. See Manrique de Lara. 
Lara, G. Velazquez. See Velazquez Lara. 
Lardizdbal y Montoya, Luis (gov. of Phil., 1838-41): prohib. corporal punishment 

of natives by rel., a8, 258; edict restricting trade, 51, 71; various mention, 46, 

96, 51, 69-72, 5a, 51, 52, 80; sketch, 17, 303, 304. 
Laria (Mindanao chief) : fidelity to Spaniards, 40, 118. 
Larias Maldonado, Diego: arrested for eloping with a woman, as, z6o. See also 

Maldonado. 
Larios, Martin (Span, officer): various mention, 33, 236, 237, 34, 177. 
Larrea, Juan de, S.J.: a witness, 45, 107. 
Larrea, Martin de: signs letter, 3, 182. 
Liisad, Dato (Moro chief) : his rule, 43, 2oz, 202. 
Lasarte (Lesarte), Pedro, O.S.A.: sketch, 34, 89. 
Lascars (Hindu sailors): Mahometan, 18, 183, 36, 2x4; employed as seamen, etc.. 



Layauan] index 507 

18, 183, 327, a6, 287, 37, 130; their wages in that aenrioe, j6, 208, 209, 249, 
^So, 47i ai»; other mendon, 16, 85a, 17, 263, J9, 141, 49, 81, 326, 51, 155. 

Lasia, Dato (Moro chief) : his rancheria, 43, 242. 

Laao^ Antonio Gonzalez, OJP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 9a 

Laao^ Loren^ (gov. of Ternate) : Venegas kills, 37, 299, 30a 

Late, Edouardo (Span, writer) : cited, 5 J, 180. 

Latin language: acts translated into, 24, 75. 

Latin peoples: effect of Reformation on their relations with Teutonic nations, x, 35. 

Lau: 3» 2x7. See Lubao. 

Lauag (Lavag). See Laoag. 

Lauan. See Laguan. 

Lauane (island and town near Samar) : election in, described, x, 55. 

Uuang (Lavan, vill. in Samar) : admin, by Jes., j8, 152, 172. 

Lauayan (Lavayan, vill. in Mindanao) : pop., a8, 96, 36, 6x. 

Laurel, Bartholom^, O.S.F.: sketch, 3a, 163. 

Laurendo, Diego, S.J.: arrives in Philippines, 13, 118. 

Laurendo, Juan, S.J.: rector of coll. at Mexico, 18, 82. 

Laut, Raja (head of Mindanao fleets) : apptd. by sultan, 50, 33 ; powers, 39, 3S» 
36; wars with Subanos, 1x7, 118; relations with Eng., 43, 48, 55-63; character, 

37, 43. 64-73t X19. 
Lauzon, a, 2x4. See Phil. Is.: Luz6n. 

Lavezaris (Laba^ares, Labazares, Labazaris, Labazarris, Labe^res, Labezares» 
Labezaris, Lava^res, Lavasares, Lavezaris, Lavezares), Guido de (Span, offi- 
dal) : a bookseller in N. Espana, 3, 21 x ; apptd. to various offices, J, 56, 89, 3, 
278, 5, 32; gov. ad interim of Phil. Is., a, 83, 23, 222; accompanies Villalobos, 
a, 263; his acct. of that exped., 3, 179; accompanies Legazpi, X79, x8o; succeeds 
latter, 179, 24X, 278, 305, 4, 80, 11, X09; assigns encom., 3, 180, 189, 275, 305, 
4, 74« ^ S5» 96, X05, 1x4, 34, 3x0 (to himself, 4, 74^ 8» 63, 2x2, 18, 53, 34* 
276) ; makes other grants, 3, x88, 4, 73, 82 (canceled, 3, 305) ; apptmts. by, 3> 
187, 4> 37> 90, I XX, 34, 302; sends useful plants and trees to N. Espana, 3» 32| 
179, X84, 277; fortifies Manila, 6, xoi; sends out exped., 4, 25, 8, X84, 14, 2X, 
28X, 16, X02, 19, 252, 34i 202, 313; founds colony in Ilocos, 5, X09, 18, 99, xoo, 
34, 382; other acts and events of his offidal career, a, xx3, 155, X7X, x8x, x86, 
x88, 210, 248, 249. a6i, 267, 272, 290^ 29X, 326, 3, 56, X82-X87, 255, 275, 278-28X, 
4, 32, 47, 48, 74, ixx, 1x2, II, X09, xxo, 15, 53; complaints and accusations 
against, 34, 264-270, 280, 289, 29X; various mention, 3, X89, 2x5, 2x7, 253, 258, 
262, 27X, 278, 292-294, 3XX, 4, 30, 15, 5*. 53, 19, 19a, 23, a39, 34, 195*199, «)7- 
209, 277, 279; death, 5, 33; sketch, a, 56, 17, 285, 286; writings, letters to Felipe 
II (X565, X567, X574), 3, ^9-32, 2x8, 22X, 272-285, 3x5, 34, 195-199, 207-222, 45x; 
to viceroy of Mex. (X575?), 3, 2x8, 289, 29X-294, 3x5; relation of events, 175, 
X79-X89, 3x5; reply to Rada, 22x, 260-27X, 3x5; other letters, a, 75, X83-X88, 333, 
3, 37, 282, 6, X23, 33* 236; rep. on slavery, dted, 34, 238, 292. 

Law and laws. See Legal and Judicial. 

Law, John (finander) : period of his operations, 47, 239. 

Lawrence, Gen. — (Brit officer): retains troops in India, 49, 82; letter (X763), 68. 

Laya (native chief at Manila, X57X): conversion and death, 3, X49, t66; other men- 
tion, X53, X54. 

Layauan (Layavan, Layaguan, vill. in Mindanao) : inhab. by blacks, 40, 125 ; 
rel. affairs in, ai, 245, a8, X5X, x7x, 34, 307, 35, 94, xo6, 44, 65. 



5o8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Laylaia 

Laylaia (ditt in Mindanao) : pop. (in charge of Rec), Jl, 343. 

Laymen: apptmt of, to give rel. instruction on enconL, 8, 30, 38, 40^ 41, 47, 16a, 

165, 19, 286; supported by Span* crown, 18, 198 (referring to oflkials in Indies?) ; 
hosp. stewards, 36, 297; confer tonsure, 34, $$$ (see also Ecclesiastical estate: 
Sacraments, baptism). 

Lizaro, Lorenzo (pilot) : arrives in Manila, 4a, 226. 

Lazcano, Lorenzo (Span, pilot): serves on galleons, 39, 191, 4 J, 235, 303. 

Lea, Agusdn (Fil. chief) : accused of conspiracy, is acquitted, 7, 103, 1x0 (here 

mentioned as Alonso) . 
Leal del Castillo, Feliciano^ O.S.J.of G.: nativity and rel. profession, 47, 197. 
Leali, Cachil (Moro prince) : usurps kingdom of Temate, JJ, X3X. 
Leandro, Marcos (notary): certifies copy of decree, J3, 82. 
Leafio, Capt. Juan Angel de: commands Spanish armada, 46, 37. 
Leather. See Hides and leather. 
Leatum. See Liao-tung. 

Leblanc, Filibert (Fr. priest) : delegate of Bp. Palil in Canton, 4 J, 2x2. 
Lecaros (Lecaroz), Juan Francisco (Fil.) : deputy of Phil, colony in Cortes, 51, 293- 

296. 
Lecea, Juan de, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 80, 83, 98, 99. 
Lechii: appellation of certain coast Chin., 34, 137, 174. 
Lechuga, — (Span, officer) : quells revolt in Bohol, 48, 147. 
Ltonte, NiooUs: father of Carlos de Jesus, 41, 123. 
Lecrat (vill. in Panay) : admin, by Aug., a8, 167. 

Ledesma, Andres de, S.J.: arrives at Manila, 44, 56; in Cavite, 36, S4- 
Ledesma, BartoIom6 de: deprived of enoomienda, 50, 163. 
Ledesma, Diego de: encom. in* Mindanao given to, J3, 255. 
Ledesma y Balmaceda, Juan de (roy. sec'y): oflkial acts, 3, 278, 6, 76, 241, 279, 

8, 196, 310, 9, 157. 
Ledesma, Manuel de, O.P.: sketch, 14, 86. 
Ledesma, Pedro de (chancellor of Spain) : official acts, 8, 190, 9, X59, I3» s66, 19, 

41, 182, ai, 55, 31, 109, 224, 263. 
Ledesma, Valerio de, S.J.: life and labors, 11, 208, IJ, 24, 25, 233, 315-3x8, I3f 

X37, 17, 20X, 250^ 40, xx8, 44, 5S, 60; letters, II, 208-2x0, IJ, 3x7, 3x8, 13, 4«f 

86-88, 137-144, 17, 249, 250, 272-280; autograph signature, JO, 37. 
Ledo, J. Fernandez de. See Fernandez de Ledo. 
Legal and judicial affairs — 

Law, laws, and ordinances: law of nations, 19, 95, 255, 48, 267, 27X; Roman 

law, 36, 19, 30X, 45, X2X, X56, X57, x68; civil law and jurisprudence, taught in 

Phil, univ., 45, X46, x 54-139, 167, x68; civil, may be abrogated by pope, 36, 

166, 42, 72; canon and ecc law (see under Ecclesiastical affairs). Jurists, con- 
sulted by gov., 8, X99, 33, 62, 63 (see also Councils). 

Codes, etc-Siete PartidaSf 33, 280, 36, 30X, 53, 25, 272-274; Ordinances of 
Madrid, 5, 285, 6, 42; Instituta^ 44, X78; Recopilacidn de leyes de Indias (see 
under Books) ; various in force in Span, colon., 36, 300, 301, 53, 159, x6o; special 
code needed for Phil., as Span, laws do not answer there, 3<^* 305-306, 50, xxx, 
51, 259-262, 53, X03, X30. Municipal Code, 46, 370; penal, X05. 

Law -no respecter of persons, 53, 61; presumption of (rdg. officials), 48, 253; 
practice of, in Phil., 51, 210; problems in, 23, 246-255, 45, 319-331 (secul. of 
S. Tomis), X35-140 (S. Jos6 coll. case), 135, 5^1 z66 (settlement of friars estates). 

Laws -rdg. discoveries (y.v.), I, X53, 6, 2x3; commercial (see Commerce), 



Legal] INDEX 509 

of Indias (see under Books), a8, 357, 48, 161, 51, 318, sao, 5a, 70; of Phil., 
34, 186, 36, 300 (not printed) ; rdg. roy. patronage, 38, 227; land, 50, 344-246, 
Sa, 59i a95-a99f S<» (mortgages, 397); protecting Ind., 7, 310, 48, 33 (»«« 
Indians; and Filipinos) ; tributes, 236; immig. not enforced, 44, 134; of Malinas, 
14, 67, 154; Salic, 33, 31; roy. oidors must have copies of, xi, 54, 55 (see De- 
crees) ; probate, x8, 36, 35) x66 (see, below. Estates, wills, etc.) ; educational, 
45, 248, 318, 46, 2$, 228-260^ 281-283, 317-320, 53, 153, 215, 216; censorship, 5^1 
139; mostrencoSf 36, 164; against gambling, 6, 37, 38, 50, 243, 264 (cockfight- 
ing; 108, X09) ; apptmts. by gov., 37, 279; defective or unsuitable, 6, 343, xo, 
80^ 53, 307; violated or not enforced, xo, 87, 88, x8, 10^ 33, 356, 50, 94, 51, 
137, 314-216, 83, 143 (enforced only against natives, 7, 3x0). 

Casdlian applied in Phil., 3, 137, 36, 300, 301, 53, 159, 160; Legazpi empow- 
ered to admin., 3, 63-65; judicial condition of Phil, in 1843, 36, 279-306; laws 
should be revised, 36, 305, 306; their enforcement would cure abuses, 44, 121, 
122; recommendations for reforms, 53, 81, 82; special laws for Phil, advocated, 
8X, 359-361, 83> X03; ordinances by gov. for govt of prov., X7, 305, 43, 300^ 
48, 185, 186, 191, 228, 338, 239, 356, 50, 191-264, 83, 54; in vogue among Fil., 
5, 141 (divine origin), 175, 177, 181, 183, 187, x6, 121 (traditions), 51, 206; 
references for study of law and justice in Phil., 36, 379, 53> X59i x6o, 53, 44, 
45. Of various countries^ cited -U. S., 3, 54; China, 3, 206, 6, 123, 17, 96; 
Eng. India, 36, 301; Mexico, 48, 345. 

JusHci, and its adminutradon: welfare of people demands equitable, 7, 148; 
natives should receive, 3, 359, 7, 314, BO, 196 (favored therein, 36, 290, 51, 
368, 269) ; all persons might demand, in residencia of gov., x, 51 ; less important 
for natives than their rel. instruction, 8, 33, 35; hindered by encomenderos, 10, 
97; must be provided for encom., in order to justify collec of trib., 7, 297, 300, 
315, 8, 36, 38-30^ 36, 37 (its expenses thus paid, 34, 35), 159-161; furnished and 
admin., 6, 56, 57, 307, 8, 26-30, 34, 3S» a37, I7i S^Si «4f 309i a6, 1x9, 39, 28, 
40, 2x5, 41, X95, 43, 180, 276; rel. aid in securing, 30, 280, 28x; rel. charged 
with obstructing, 19, xx4, 1x5, X55-X57, 36, XX9; importance, 9, 232, 11, 28, 29, 
37> 3^2| 4<> 3^2; methods and procedure, 7, X58, X7x, 33, 148, 5i> 94* 220-222; 
among Fil. and Moros, 3t 264, 287, 7, X73, il, 4X, 42, 50, 51, 16, x2o, 121, 125, 

126, 40, 84, X48, X54, 24X-244, 356, 43i X32, 123; trial by ordeal, etc., 16, X29, 
40, 85, 86, 152-X54, 343, 357, 43, X09, 123; Legazpi empowered to exercise, 3, 
106, 3» 63-66; decrees rdg., 8, 3x2, ix, 40-5X. 

Deficient, difficult, or perverted, 3» 209, 210, 239, 4, 83, 103, 312, 7, 151, 8, 
141, 10, 93, 94, XI, 38, 42, 279, 280, 16, io6, X7, 94-98, x8, 3x9, 19, 85, 125- 

127, 134, 17'. X78, 179. ai7i «o, 1x2, 113, X46, X47, X63-165, X76, 200, 204, 217, 
ai» 89, 95. 96, 135. aa, 65, 34, 289, 312, 315, 38, 39, 40, 39, 62-64, 84, 31, 62, 
33, 287-290, 293, 295, 34, ao6, 227, 265, 275-277, 280, 289, 36, X35, 280-291, 37. 
48, 62, 174-X76, 39, 287, 294-297, 4a, 141. 144, X72, 256, 44, X33, 193, 50, 166, 
X77. 51. 91. 94. 95. 138, X39, 156, 220, 22x; not rendered to natives, 3, 259, 5, 
331, 251, 6, X93, 7, 171, xo, 112, 51. X38; id.f to poor, 8, 3x5; bought with bribes, 
31, 68 (see also Bribery; and Chinese, characteristics) ; criminals escape, 37, 252, 
362 (released by mob, 44, X59) ; lawlessness and crime prevalent, 7, 304, 18, 
269, 30, 164, 36, 292-296; item. rep. of criminals sentenced in Aud. (1832-41), 
391, 292 ; crim. should be made to work, 287, 298 ; crim. brought from N. Espana, 
XO, 93, 37, 252 (see Penalties: exile) ; right of sanctuary for them, 35, 164, X65 
(see under Ecclesiastical estate). 

Obstacles, 5X, 221-223; expense and cost, 7, 104-109 (paid by confiscations), 



5IO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Legal 

Legal and Judicial Affaub (continued) — 

"^» 8, 35. 3iS» II. aa» as. i6, 191, 37, I3a-ia4» 133, 30, 44. 3i. <7. <«. xSSt 
36, 287, 42, 172, 44, 2x2; delayt, 8, 315, 34, 4a9> 36, 164. 5i, 95 (through lack 
of lawyers, 45, x$6) ; reforms needed, 36,280, 302,46, 351,53,81, 82, 104 (tome, 
made by Felipe III, 16, 227) ; id,, in 1842, 36, 279-306, 308. In prov., furnished 
by ale-may. (q,v, under Officials), 16, 166, 17, 333, 334, 38, 228, 40, 218 (im- 
partial), 51, 222; In munic, 33, 114; for resident Chin^ x6, 196, 197; on ship- 
board, 3, 63, 91; rigorously carried out, 7, 104-111, 37, 174, 38, 93, 130, 209, 
2x0, 223, 43, 30X, 302, 44, 150^ i66t 171, 173; civil acts obscured by judidal pro- 
cedure, 53, X06; various mention, 8, x88, 9, 189, 14, 41, 50, 2x7, 51, 92. 

Jurisdiction, courts, and judgesx jurisdiction, 33, 249, 33, 39; of Aud., 8, 274; of 
mil. ord., I, 213; of Aud. of Manila, I, 53, 5, 275-279, 15, 135, x6, X89, 37, 
78; of ale-may. (in detail), 5. 45. 49. 59. <3. ^9-79. 85-97. xox, X07, 109, XX3, 
XX 5, 8, 98-X4X, x8, 97, 99, xoo, xo2y X03, X05, 36, 89, 92, 96-X03; of local magis- 
trates, 51, X07, X08; civil, 8, 275-278, 39, 203 (lajrmen's decree); over seamen's 
suits, 19, X27; over diose of natives, 8, 3x3; criminal, 3, 275, 8, 275 (Aud.), 
51, X07 (local magistrates) ; appellate, 3, 273, 275 (Port auditor-gen. in India), 
5, 276-279 (Aud.) ; confusion in, occasioned by laws of Indias, 8^. 70; conflicts 
over, 6, 320, 33, X03-XX4, 37, 47-49, 43, 264, 265; encroachments of gov. on, of 
Aud., 51, 22X, 222; atty.-gen., powers, 8, X79 (needed in Phil., 3, 24) ; functions, 
etc., of govt, counselor {asisor), xx, 47, 36, 280^ 300, 8I. 2x9; chandllerias and 
audiencias, and their jurisd., 3, 5X, 3, XX7, 8. ^74 (abolished, 18x2) ; Aud. of 
Manila (see under Philippine Islands). 

Courts - superior, 5, 276, 53, 8x, 82; civil, 276, 278; criminal, 3x3; appellate, 
I, 53, 4, 84. 6, 239, 8, 313-316, XI, 50, X3, 234, 16, X55, x88, X89, X97, 33, X05. 
45f 159. 327, 328, 53, 82; of mil. ord., i, 2x3; supreme Tribunal of Justice 
(Spain), 45, 280; dept of justice in India House, 53, 325; supreme court of 
Phil. Is. (organized in 1901), 40, 244, 45, X36-X40, 327, 328; provin. (of ale- 
may.), I, 54, 3* X73, 17, 334, 53, 8x (see above, ale-may.; also under Officials) ; 
munic, 33, 1x4, 36, 279, 285-287, 305; judicial and munic. council of Manila, 
47, 25; aid of sec courts invoked against fuerza (q.v, under Ecclesiastical), 
5, 292; probate, 18, 36, 53, 30, X77 (in Mez.), 47, X99, 2xx, 51, 265 (see also, 
below, Estates of deceased persons) ; contentious, 45, 327-33X ; special, for sedi- 
tion, etc., 41, 83, 84, 53, X9X, X92; mil., 38, 75; comml., 51, X07. Fines paid 
to, 10, 3x6, II, 23, 27, 6x; must follow customs of Fil., ix, 3X, 32, 16, X56, X57; 
character of Span, courts, 38, x3Xy 53, X04; fees in, 37, 24X, 50, X97; act of 
Phil. Commission for organization of courts in islands (X90X), 45, 328; various 
nacntion, 3, 63, 5, 301, 3<». 308. 309. 316. 6. 37. 8, x88, 315, 3x6, ll, 25, X4, 
250, 31, 316 (roy. treas. tribunal q,v, under Revenue), 33, X48, 269, 35, 78, 
38, 187, 30, 176, 36, 279, 41, 262, 263, 51, 92, 98, X78. U. S. Supreme court, 
45> <39f <4o; Dutch, at Batavia, 35, 51; of Pariiin, expenses, 8x; Mexican, inspec- 
tor for, 6, 66 (see also Audiencias). 

Judges and justices - apptmts., 5, 280, 8, 235, x6, i2x, 17, 321, 30, X76, X92, 
34, 317; commissioned, 37f 182; oidors of Aud. as, i, 53, 16, 145; inadequate 
number of, 18, 48, 36, 292; lawyers sworn as, 35, 277; various classes, 7, XX5; 
of first instance, 5. 299, 30X, 46, 84, 48, X42; appellate, X, 53, x6, X97, 35, X67; 
special, 9, 258, 17, 334, 40, 244; to investigate special criminal cases (jueces 
pesquisidores), 5, 280-282, 295, 43, 270, 27X, 304, 53, X04; ordinary, 33, X55, 
34, 187; adjunct, 39, 159. x^o; associate, 37, 55, 41, 263, 43, 275, 44, '55; sub- 
delegate, 48, 29, 31; by commission, 5, 281, 284; of residenda, 280, 282, 295, 



Legal] INDEX 5 1 1 

396, 307, 53, 104; protector, l, 313; contenrator (see under Ecclesiastical) ; com- 
missary, 35, 17^ 37, 83, 41, 83; probate, 6, 57, xi, 37, 38 (must require accts. 
from all guardians, etc), 35, 15, 347, x8, 36x, JO, 176, 193; J5, 3x9; of various 
economic matters, etc^ 5, 300^ 303, 17, 334, 35, 186, 39, 300, 40, 304, 44, "5. 

50, 3x9; of crim. causes, 4a, 30a; chief justice, 5, X09, 17, 331; of Chin, and their 
affairs, 9, 330, 331, 18, 3x3, 3x3, 16, 197, :i:i, X55, 33, xo6; ale-may. as, 6, 57, 
16, 155, 17, 333, 18, 3x8, 40, 304; alc-in-ordinary as, 16, 140, 39i i35 (««« 
both under Officials) ; high officials as, 4, 84, x6, 188, 39, 387; ecc as, 46, 330^ 
SSif 47f 17a. «74. 17^. »79, a"; mil., 18, 368, 369, 36, 95, 38, 209; gobernador- 
cillos, 17, 335, 36, 379. 

Jurisd. of judges, ai, 63, 35, 169, 38, 144 (declined, 43, 36), 36, 165; authority, 
x6, 163; discretionary power, 48, 360; duties, XX, 38, x8, 3x8, 19, X58, 159, 
a«, 63, 34f 2$i, 46, 377; obligations, 4> 7if 7^, 14. 278. 19, X34. 39, ^45; quali- 
fications, 4a, 135, 46, X33; disqualifications, a8, 337, 39, X55, 190; challenged, 
34, 3«7, 318, 35, 238, 39, 155, XS^, X59, X9o, 334-337, 4a, 375, 48, X93; when 
they may be forbid, to proceed with trial, 8, 383; must not investigate Inquis. 
caaes^ 360; regul. for admin, of justice by them, 50, 196; share in confiscated 
property, 8, 3x7, xo, 396, 306, X7, 39, 31, 33; emoluments of office, xx, sx, x8, 
3x5, 34, 3x8, 37, 341, 3X, 67, 34, 351, 36, 388; bribes given by Chin., x8, 3x3; 
character of judicial proceedings, xo, 93, 94, x6, 167, 37, 83, 4X, 84; various 
mention, x, 54, 55, 330-333, 8, 97, 179, xo, 93-96 (corrupt or lax), x6, 183, J J, 

51, a8, 396, 39, ^45, 44, X4S, 187, 45, x8o, 46, 385. 

Among natives -none in some peoples, 5, 14X, x6, xo6; chiefs among Fil., 
5, 177, x6, X3X, 333-336; in vill., X7, 334, 339, 4 J, 307, 46, xx8. Chin, bribe in- 
spectors, 31, X3o; Span, and Port, (deputies), to adjust Demarcation Line, x, 

165, 170-305, 3X4-33a 

Lawsuits and cases in courts: of exchequer, xo, 3x3 (precedence, 5, 394) ; private, 
45, 337, 328; roy., exempt from fees, 5, 308; Dasmarinas ordered to settle cases 
outside of courts, when possible, 7, 158; arbitration of, by oidors, 5, 385; cog- 
nizable by one judge of Aud., 378, 379; civil, 376, 379, 39, X63-X65; criminal, 
5, 376, 383, 387, 3x3, x6, 189, 39, 350 (against ecc) ; of first instance, 5, 376, 
3x5, ja, X54; limit of value in, 5, 378-280, 38$, 3x3, 8, 3x5, xx, 48, 49, 51, x6, 
189, X7, 335; may not be sold, 5, 3x3; rep. of, must be furnished to courts, 377; 
must first go before ordinary judges, J4, 187; ordinances of Aud. rdg., xo, 3x3, 
IX, 33-35, 29, 3X, 35, 38, 40-46, 49-5X, 60; vexatious delays in, 6, X74, XX, 35, 

36, 38, 43, 48, X93, 5X, 303, 33X. 

Ecc, by whom brought, 5, 307; conduct of, and judges, xo, 79, 80; against 
ecc, 39, X63-X65, X77, X79, 350; against Manila citizens, 46, 31, 34; against 
naval officers, aa, lox, 48, 139, X59, i62;casos de corte, 5, 376; residencia, x6, 
189; Chin., JJ, 154, 155; pre-judicial questions, 39, 159; extra-judicial acts, 

43, 45; ex parte motions, 5, 398; attaching property of accused officials, 4, xx3- 
X14; power of atty., 5, 3x6, J5, 394, 34, 330, 47, 3x0; S. Jos^ coll. case, 45, 135- 
140; minor mention, X, X65-X73, 7, 158, 9, 339, 340, xx, 33-35, 35» 38, 40-46, 60^ 
X57, 13, 333, X7, 396, J4, 306, as, 76, 78, 80, 83, 85, 35, 250. 36, 300, 37, 3", 

44, 173, 46, 58, 50, X56, 196. X97. 

Among natives, 5, 69, 303, 204, 6, 57, X76, 193, 330, 10, X04, x6, i2x, 128, 
aa, 347, 352 (in Mex.), a8, 233 (conducted by friars), 31, 67, 68, a6, 289, 290 
(against ale-may.), 5X, 53; many and pernicious, 6, 193, 7, 158, 171, 8, 48, 9, 
339, 340, XX, 39, 30^ 388, x6, X34 (over slaves), x8, 318, 30, X76, 40, 235, 386, 
SS^, 358, 44, 88, 89, 45, 302, 46, 3x6, 354, 5X, X05, 30X, 33x; ordinances for pro- 



512 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Legal 

Legal and Judicial Affairs (condnued) — 

cedure therein, 5, 298-300, 3«8f 6, 174, II, 9% %q, 41, 43, 49-51, 16, lai, 50, 
Z96, 197; native customs must rule, 11, 31, 31, 16, lai, 156, 157 (but criminal 
cases decided by law); by natives against friars, 48, 30^ 33; concern, slaves in 
Pampanga, 7, loa, 103; between Fil. and mestizos, 5a, 64. 

Prisons and prisoners: arrests -by whom, 5, 381, 303; rep. to Aud., II, 73; 
of criminals, numerous, 10, 300^ 301; by ship officers, of fugitives from justice, 
299; right of sanctuary used by delinquents, 35, 164, 165, J6, 87, 104, 29, 303, 
37, 54t »35i »3^» ^68, 379, 39, i35i 136, 44, i43t X55. »^^t ^05 (see also under Ec- 
clesiastical: churches; and Orders, religious: convents) ; may not be made by rel., 
save when author, by bp., 33, 83; for debts, lo^ 393; id^ exemption from, 7, 
162, 9i Mh 51, 5*1 8*t a97. »9^ (homes). 

Prisons -of Aud., 5, 384, 30Z, 303, 305, 16, 189; munic, 8, 368, 384, 301, I4t 
3zo; Inquis. privileged to use sec, 5, 368; needed in Manila, 8, 371, 9, 375, 10, 
88; bounds of, are city limits, 39, i$9, S50, 361; in Pariin, 16, 196; in Arevalo, 
149; admin., 10, 395, ai, 98, 99, 103; inspection of, by oidors, 5, 384, 301, 305, 
18, 114, 19, 78, 79, ao, 164, 180, as, 45, 46; soldiers sent to^ 13, 337; chaplains 
for, 6, 37 (Jesuits labor in, a8, 188) ; separate, for men and women, 37, 50, 30^ 
307; dungeons in, 37, 54, 39, 135 ("sulphur"), 333; for Ind., 5, 300; FiL have, 
10, 75. 

Prisoners -property seized, 48, 138, 193; id^ sold at auction, 5, 368, 370; 
must pay their own expenses, 368, 370^ 383 ; poor, aided by Misericordia, 10, 393, 
14, 310, 313, a8, 137, 47, 49 (ransomed, 40) ; id^ certain fines given to, 5, 305, 
310, 10, 394, II, 30, 38, 53, 56, 73; harsh treatment of, 37, 40, $4f 55, 39, i35f 
142, 169, 199, 331, 335-338, 361, 363, 365, 48, 138; reguL for tiieir treatment, 
6, 37, 3^; oidors must review charges against, 10, 394, 300, 301; often suffer 
long and damaging imprisonment, ii, 35, 36; Chin., must pay claims, or serve 
creditors, 393, 394; registered on ships, 5, 368; release, 10, 395, 39, 350. 

Security, bail, etc. -when security is furnished, 5, 383; limits, 380; juratory, 
366, 39, 172; for residence in PhiL, 17, 39; for debts of prisoner, 48, 193; for 
loans to crown (/tiros), 37, 156; may be given by Inqub. prisoners, 8, 366-369; 
bail of accused persons, 384, 19, 137, 39, 250; bonds of parties to suit must be 
reliable, ii, 24; bonds given in appeals, 5, 377; id^ in residenda, 1 1, 34, 93* 
70-78; by officials, II, 47, 39, 63, 48, 356, 357; various mention, 4, 113, 16, 138, 
j6, 175, 180, 190, 385, 44, 16a 

Lawyers, attorneys, etc. — 

Lawyers -in Demarcation controversy, i, z6z, 163, 167, 313-314; not allowed 
to practice in new colonies, 9, 55; restriction on bachelors in court, 5, 316; con- 
sulted by gov., 6, 187, 7, 168, 99, 348, 353, 95, 369, 96, X03, 97, 34, 38; feet, 
18, 318, ao, 3x1; act as judges, 95, 377, 36, 305; of Aud., assist provisor of 
diocese, 98, 370; how trained in Phil, univ., 45, 156, Z57, 4^, 35<; Pi^* *N 40^ 
3x9, 45, 286, 30X, 302, 46, 305, 51, 331 ; mischief caused by pettifoggers, 40, 
34X, 242 (rabulas), 59, xo$, zo6; revolutions fostered by, zo6; various mention, 
I, 53, 54, 7, a59, «, 3". 17, 9», 333, 18, 137, 33, 105, 106, 94, 357, 306, 314, 
3x7, 3x8, 3»5, as, 2sZ, 295, 96, 40, 97, 360^ 37, a73, 4^, 3ox, 45, a8o, 301, 303- 

Attorneys -in Span.-Port controversies, I, 165-178, 323-226, 237, 238, 3, 124; 
restrictions on, 9, 55, 5, 283, li, 55, 56; no. of, fixed, 5, 3x7; no. in Manila, 7, 
33, 8. 97; rcgul- ^oT, 5, 317, 3x8, II, 29-37, 47; charges, 18, 3x8; various men- 
tion, 3, 3*2, 7, 104, 133, 282, 8, 179, x8o, X85, X95, 10, 80, II, 29, 42-44, 17, 3*5, 
99, 251, 99, 223, 36, 30, 47, 39' 



Legal] INDEX 513 

Advocates -in Demarcation araembly, i, 174, X77; no. in Phil., 36, 299; regul. 
for, 5i 3<4-3X7i <!• S^t 3^; emolumenti, 5, a86; Fil. ai, 36, 300^ 45, 371, 46, 
305, 306, 358; various mention, 90, 180^ aa, 347, 34, 366, 36, 380^ 394, 399, 300, 

SO*. 
Solicitor -his salary, 11, 388. 

Witmsses and their UsHmony: regul. for, 5, 381, 383, 387, 399, 300^ 306, 309, 

310, 313, 6, 36, 41; rel. as, 10, 387, 388, 19, 155; in criminal cases, protected, 

5» 313; ui various investigations, i, 363, 4, 148-153, 7, 96, 97, 8, X76-X78, 9, 89- 

94, xo, 336-244, II, z6o, 293-301; forms of oath for, 6, 50-53; perjury by, 17, 

95, 96, 34, a8o, 39t a45t a94f 40, 344, 346, 356-35S, 4^ 256, 44> 88, 89, 50, 177. 
51, 303, 5a, 306; intimidated by gov., ao, 304; tortured, 18, 86, 367; paid, 40, 
35^1 35S; iM> fees for, 50, 197; to signatures of doc. {passim, at end of each); 
various mention, x, i6x, 3, 379, 8, 78, 9, 160^ 16, X3x. Form of deposition, 6, 
50-53; how taken, 11, 38, 39, 45, 46, 50 (from Fil.); affidavits of Ind. may be 
verbal, 4a, 53; various mention, 3, 116, 50, 197. 

Sentences, appeals, etc.; interlocutory decisions, 5, 379, ix, 40, 41; record of 
sentences must be kept, 5, 297, 3x3; sentences (condenaciones) against delinquents 
(see Officials: residencias; and Penalties) ; received in N. Espafia by Vargas and 
oidors, 39, 283; proceeds of pecuniary, sent to Council, as, 81, 85; judgments, 
how issued, 5, 279; how executed, 277-1^0, 383; fees for executions^ 3G4-306. 

Appeals - should always be conceded, 5a, 8x; only one allowed, 5, 309, 8, 
3x5; procedure in, 5, 277, 379, 4a, 35, 39; from roy. council to crown, 44, 370^ 
371, 310; from provin. fiscal to council, a4, 316; from Aud. to crown, 5, 377, 
380, 285, 14, 171; to Council of Indias, 4a, 141, 143; to lieut-gen., 15, 76; from 
gov. to crown, 48, 155, 50, 50, 5a, zo6; id^ to Mex. Aud., 4, 84, 8, 3x3-3x6, 
<3y 234; f</., to Phil. Aud., 5, 276, 7, X04-ZZO, XZ6-X19, XI, 88, 233, 14, 155, 156, 
171, 17, 3a3. 18, a68, aa, 247-249. 252, 34, 3"-3«4, ^6, 144, 5a, xo6; to Aud., 
from its decree, 7, 131; id., from other civil courts, 5, 276, 278, 280, 285, 287, 
30X, 307, 312, 92, 154, ^4, 186, 187, 44, 232; id,, from mil. courts, 18, 268, 269; 
id., from ecc courts (see under Ecclesiastical estate; mainly cases of fuerza) ; 
from local courts to gov., 5, 276, 8, 313; from alcalde to contentious court, 40, 
204; from superior court to provin. govt, 53, 82; from Phil, supreme to U. S. 
supreme court, 45, 139; in residencias, where cognizable, 5, 280, 16, 189, 5a, 330 
(error corrected) ; used by Aud. as a pretext for meddling with affairs of govt., 
a4, 309, 314; cases to be appealed by sec. magistrates to Roman pontiff, 5, 293; 
courts of appeal (inch Aud.), X, 53, 16, 155, 188, 189, 197, a3, 105, 45> Z59i 
327, 328; id, new plan proposed for, 5a, 82. Restitution of honors and property, 

44. 95- 

Documents- I, 161, 3, 188, 9, 194-196, 272, 273, 22, 286, 37, 31; decrees of 
execution, 6, 42; summons, 3, 45, 1x3-116, 5, 270; warrants, 5, 303, 304, 309, 
8, 179, 14, 310, 46, 58; writs, 5, 280, 283, 284, 45, 3i9, 3*2-3^ 329; copies of 
docs, must be furnished, 5, 310-3x2, 19, 85; traslado, 11, 49, 41, 257; pagado 
nihil, defined, a, 76; official records falsified, ao, 167, x68. 

Estates of deceased persons, vnlls, etc, in charge of roy. exchq., a, 187, 18, 36, 
261, 19, 174, 47, 48, 53, 340; provision for their care, a, 59, 91; laws regul., 
18, 36; debts of justice paid first from, 47, 199; auction of, X75, 199; settled In 
Mexico, 18, 261; loans from, taken by govt., a, 187, 18, 36, 53, ao, 63, 193, 33, 
38, 43, 44, 36, 193, 53, 339; accts. of, 5, 297, 298, 18, 261, 33, 43, 44, Sa, 339; 
disposal of proceeds, 4, 84, xx2, 17, 149, 19, 174, 37, 139, 30, 45; probate courts, 
47, 199, 21', 51, 265; clerkships of probate and estates, 14, x6x; inheritance by 



514 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Legal 

Legal and Judicial Affairs (condnued) — 

soul of deceaaed, 17, 158, 47, azo^ azz; rights of wife, azi; kindred, soMno 
defined, 4 J, 3Z. 

Wills and testaments - of various persons, 9, ayz, 15, zza, 17, z$6, Z57, 90, 
Z92, 39, 28, 30, 31, 239, 4 J, z6o^ 45, 3Z9, 47, 45; admin, by Misericordia, 14, 
az3, ao, a42, 47, 4Z, 72; declared null and void, 39, 2$; inspected by dioc. 
authority, 36, Z5z; of natives, registered in convents, 4a, 307 (formal, unknown 
to early Fil., 40, 92). 

Legacies and bequests -to rel. ord., 17, z$6, z6z, 34, 4$, 37, 34a, 343, 30, Z43, 
233t 255, 35f 29^> 397> 43> i2z, 47, Z74, Z99, 50, 89; to Misericordia, hosp., and 
other charities, 8, 248, 14, az3, ao, a4Z, 244, a8, Z99, 35, a88, 4J, z6o^ 204, 
aos, 47, 30, 4«, 73, 199, s«o-ai3; for educ purposes, 14, 379, 17, Z58, Z59, 38, 
134, 136, 137, 31, »34, 3a, 41, 99-xoi, 34, 37o, 45, zos-zo8, zza-zz9, ZS3, a45, 
a49, 250, 3i9-3»«, 46, 34«, 47, 60, 80, 212; for rel. purposes, 7, 248, 30, a4Z, 33, 
275, a76, 43, $6, Z2Z, 47, 2Z2; by Salcedo, to natives, 15, $z; how made, by early 
Fil., 40, 9a. 

Executors, guardians, etc. - dishonest admin, by, x, 68, xx, 35, 39, Z63; Dom. 
as, 17, Z56, 39, 163, 245, 43, z6o (forbid, to accept such post, 39, Z63) ; office 
practically hereditary, 39, 245; must show accts., xi, 28, 39, 163, Z64 (ord. by 
abp. to present them in ecc court, 248) ; Misericordia as, 14, 2Z3, 30, 242, 47, 
4Z, 48, 72; confraternity as, 2Z7, 22a 

Legan6s, Marqu6s de: letter from Felipe IV, 36, 24. 

Legarra, — (Span, official?): influence at court, 44, Z98, 199, 221. 

Legaspi, Agustin de (FiL chief) : arrested and executed for conspiracy against Span., 
7, 96-Z05. 

Legaspi, Antonio de (son of Ger6nimo) : his evil and reckless life, 19, Z75, 176, 
33, Z02. 

Legazpi, Atanasio de (son of Ger6nimo) : licentious life, 18, 265. 

Legazpi, Melchor de (son of the explorer): resides at Span, court, 3, zzi; ac- 
countant of N. Espana, 3, 2z6; attests expenses of his father's exped., Z75-178, 
3z$; asks remuneration for his father's losses, and is granted an encom., 3, 157- 
z6o, 3, az6, 2Z7, 4, 8z, 34, 2136. 

Legazpi, Miguel L. de (colonizer of Phil. Is.). See Lopez de Legazpi, Nfiguel. 

Legazpi, Teresa (daughter of explorer) : mother of Juan de Salcedo, 3, 73. 

Legaspi de Echebarria (Cheverria, Hecheverria), Ger6nimo (oidor) : events in 
his official career, x8, Z23, X9, 83, 89, Z34, 30, Z77, 178, Z89, Z93, Z97, 20z, 2Z5, 
2z6, 220, 222, 33, 63-66, 302, 33, 34; character, 18, 264-267, 33, zo2; charges 
against, 19, 175-177, 30, 68, Z3$, 136, Z94; various mention, 30, Z75, Z79, Z9Z, 
Z92, 200^ 22Z, 259, 47, a7- 

Leiba (Leyba), Capt. Francisco de: services praised, 38, ZZ3. 

Leiva (Leyva), Geronimo: commissary of Inquis., 37, 38, 38, Z93. 

Leiva (Leiba), Juan de, O.P.: sketch, 14, 87, 32, 102, Z03. 

Leiva, Juan de, O.S.A. (son of the viceroy) : enters rel. life, 37, 225. 

Leiva y de la Cerda, Juan de (Marques de Leiva y de la Labrada, Conde de Banos, 
viceroy of N. Espana) : sketch, 37, 225. 

Lemery (vill., formed from that of Taal) : pop. (1893, ^903), 33, 209. 

Lemery € Ibarrola Ney y Gonzilez, Jos6 (gov. of Phil.): official services, 45, Z63, 
46, ^9, 70; sketch, 17, 307. 

Lemoedano, Capt. Juan: sentenced to death, appeals to gov., 18, 268. 



Leon] INDEX 515 

LemcM, — , Coode de (Span, minister) : various mention, 14, 218, 16, 317, 24, 5a. 

Lemoa, Carlos de, S.J.: in Dagami, 36, 55. 

Lemos, Diego de (naval ofiBcer) : various mention, 38, 168, 170^ 41, 299. 

Lemoa, Manuel Lorenzo de (chief of shipyard) : defeats Eng. pirate, 15, 6a, 37, 189. 

Lemosof, Paul (of Society de Gtegraphie) : aid from, acknowledged, XJ, a$. 

Lende, Esias (Elias) de (Dutch naval commander): his ship and commission, xi, 

150^ Z53, X 66-169. 
Lensarra (Lenzara), Pedro de (accountant) : appointment, x8, 259, 19, 173. 
Lenzuoli, x, 347. See Borgia, R. 

''Leocadio, Don:" pseudonym (?) of Manila journalist, 48, a8. 
Le6a. See also Fernandez de Le6n, Garcia de Le6n, Gomez de Ledn, Martinez 

Ledn, and Ponce de Le6n. 
Le6ii, — (chief comendador of, member of roy. council) : opinions by, X4, 3x4, 

ax 6, 334-338. 
L^oo, Fray — , O.S.A. (Jap. convert) : praised by Medina, 33, 336. 
Leon, Alonso, OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x3. 
Le6n, Alonso de (nephew of gov.) : arrives at Manila, 37, 377; alcalde-mayor, 39, 

191. 
Le6n, Ambrosio de, O.S.A.: writes (with others) to Felipe III (160$), X3, 393- 

399, $1%. 

Le6n, Antonio, O.S«A.: life and labors, 48, xxx. 

Leon, Christoval de, O.P.: sketch, 37, 93. 

Lc6n, Crist6bal de, O.S.A.: persecuted by Patemina, 37, 49; sketch, 156. 

Leon, Cristoval de (Span, official) : service in Phil., 7, 133. 

Le6o, Diego de (ecc): various mention, X3, X40, 349, X3, 384, 3X, x6z, 34, 438, 
45» xoa 

Le6o, Francisco de (Span, official) : signs letter, a, x8z; encom. assigned to, 34, 309; 
killed by Chin., 6, X03. 

Le6n, Jer6nimo de, O.S.A.: elected provin., 4a, X3X, X33, X43, 144; sketch, Z3x. 

Leon, Josepha de: commits suicide, 47, 190. 

Le6n, Capt. Juan de: various mention, 37, 298, 32X, 38, x22, X25. 

Le6D, Juan de, S.J.: founds cong. among his brethren, 45, xoi. 

Le6n, Lorenzo de, O.S.A.: elected provin., but fraudulently, 13, 294-297, 30X, 34, 
40, 4X, 46, 288; complaints and charges against him, 13, 293-305, X4, x68; de- 
posed from office, 13, 292, 17, 87, 34, 29, 34, 43, 47; various mention, 8, 43, 44, 
3x4, 2x5, 13, 292, 300-302, 34, 38, 42, 43, 47; sketch, 8, 2x7, X3, 292. 

Le6n, Luis de, O.S.A.: draws up rules for Rec, 13, 246. 

Le6n, Manuel de (sec priest) : various mention, 43, 48, $0, 5X. 

Lton, Martin de, O.P.: carries news of Japan to Manila, 10, 46. 

Le6n, Martin de (Span, officer) : commands exped. against Zambals, 43, 269, 270. 

Le6n, Pablo, O.S.A.: miss'y in Luz6n, 48, ixx. 

Le6n, Pedro (Jap.) : fences with a Span., 9, $2. 

Leon, Rodrigo de: witnesses doc, 6, 53. 

Leon, Tomis de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, XX4. 

Ledn y Leal, Capt. Francisco: arrives at Manila, 43, 226. 

Le6n Pinedo, Antonio de (Span, lawyer) : opinion rdg. ecc jurisd. of Temate, 36, 

73- 
Ledn y Saravia, Manuel de (gov. of Phil.): arrives in Manila, 37, 272, 275, 378; 

offidal acts and mil. measures, 271, 279-28x, 38, 227, 4X, 322, 43, xx7, xx8, 127, 



5l6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Lcon 

Leon y Saravia, Manubl di (coodnued) — 

134* X35> 43» 37; various mendon, 37, 334, 4a, 119, 128-130, 141, 158; approved 
by govt, but excom. by pope, 140; hit rule protperout, 146, 149, 152; services, 

37, a75. a7^» 4^, "7t «i8; character, 37» »7<, a77f 4a, "8, 127, «30i «49; bb 

charities, 43, 160^ 204, 305, 47, 71, 73, 309; death, 4a, X57-X60; sketch, 17, 393. 
Le6n y Verdugo (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 
Leonardo (Jap. convert) : martyrdom, 19, 56. 
Leonardo, Felipe, OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x4. 
Leonardo de Argensola, Bartolomi (Span, priest and author): inveighs against 

heretics, x6, 376; life and worln, 3x7; compared with Morga, 3x8. See also 

Books. 
Leonardo de Argensola, Lupercio (toy. sec'y): defends book of preceding (hb 

brother), 16, 318. 
Leondo (Japanese convert) : imprisonment, 18, 3x8. 
Leonor de Lancaster: marries Joio II of Portugal, I, 355; founds Misericordia, a8, 

X35, x86, X99, 47, 34. 
Leonora (Austrian princess) : marries Manoel of Portugal, x, 3^5. 
Leontio, Father (Tag. priest) : his influence on education of Rizal, 15, 35, 36. 
Leoz: 39, x63. See Sarmiento y Leoz. 

Leoz (Leos), Capt. Antonio de: various mention, 17, X33, 18, X33, aa, 343, X5a 
Lepanto (comandancia [f./., mil. dist] in Lu36n): a8, 347; copper mines, 35, 301; 

no. of schools, 46, xoo; Aug. miss., a3, 378. 
Lepanto-Bontoc (prov. in Lu36n) : pop., a3, 378; Igorrots in, ao, 370. 
Lepo: 16, 334. See Aleppo. 
Lequians (people of Loo-Choo Is. [ff.v.] ) : shipwrecked, 17, 13 x ; aid Japanese, 39, 

31, 33; appellation of Chin., 33, 349. 
Lequios: 40, 3x6. See Islands: Loo-Choo. 
Lerma, Capt — : sec'y of Aud., 39, 387, 4a, 36. 
Lerma, — , Duque de (Span, minister) : 14, 23, 3x8, 327. 
Lerma, Baltasar de (notary-public) : excom., 39, X85. 

Lerma, Francisco de (resident of Burgos) : has hydrographical maps, I, 3x9. 
LeRoy, James A. (late U. S. consul at Durango, Mez.) : owns Philippina, 48, 27, 

339, 5^, 27; leading authority on PhiL, 5a, xx, 53, X42; aid from, acknowledged, 

la, 25, 34, i83t 43, 310. 45, 140, Sh 43, a79t 83, 54; notes by, as, 74-7^» 34, 
x88, 44, 235, 267, 277. Seg also under Books. 

Letona, Bartholomi de, O.S.F.: his description of Filipinas Is., 36, x 89-2x7, 308. 

Letters-patent, x, 222, X32, 336, 337, a4, 63. 

Leuzarra (Leussara, Lussara), Pedro de: arrest, 19, X64; apptmt, a7, 345, 346; 
other mention, ao, 6x, X37. 

Leyla, Alonso de: master-of-camp, :i:i, 39. 

Leyrat (vill. in Ilocos) : admin, by Aug., a8, X59. 

Leyte (Leite, prov. of Phil.) : islands annexed to, 49, 33; port in, 37, 375, 4a, 1x9; 
encom. in, 45, XX9; pop., 47, xx8, 49, 33; its corregidor, 14, 252; abacil produc- 
tion, 34, 386; no. of schools, 46, xox; rel. statistics, a8, 274, 47, X47, X48; sub- 
ject to bp. of Ceb«3, aS, X49, 26x, 274; Jes. in, 13, X7X, X72, a8, X72. See Islands: 
Leyte. 

Leyte (Leite, vill. in island of same name): 5, sx; location, 13, 94; pop*, 17, 204; 
admin, by Jes., 13, 93-95i «S, 9©, «S«, «7a, 36, 55. 

Leytona. See Lopez Lejrtona y Mendoza. 

Lezama (Lozama), Miguel de (licentiate): arrest and imprisonment by gov., 39, 



Licenses] INDEX 517 

X35» 931-933; oak, 39, 143; return to Manila, 49, 383; hit wife, 3% X35t ^33 
(see Cuera). 

Lezcano (Span, family): Legazpi belongs to, a, 83 (see also Gamboa y Lezcano). 

Lezcano, Francisco (Span, adm.): discovers Carolinas, 43, 339. 

Lezcano, Capt Francisco: services commended, 39, 305, 315. 

Lezcano, Philippe de (Span, officer): apptmt. and salary as capt, aa, 340. 

Liamon: 14, 46. See Limahon. 

Lian (vill. in Balayan) : location, 13, 308; ranch at, plundered by insurgents, 48, 
141; visitation by Bp. Camacbo, 43, 52-56. 

Liang Paou, Yameng (Chin, official) : aims at conquest of Phil. Is., I3, 103*, 104. 

Uinga (vill. in Mindanao) : admin, by Rec, 38, 153, 175. 

Liano, Angel (Span, gentleman) : arrives at Manila, 43, 391. 

liano, Diego^ OP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 

Liafio^ Vicente de, O.P.: dies at Acapulco, 31, 17a 

Liao-tung (corrupted to Leatum, and Liauton, prov. of Manchuria): location, 9, 
44, 46; called Mukden, 44; invaded by Tartars, 18, 307, 308, 19, 43, 44; Chin, 
troops sent to, 44, 45; Noorhachu's complaint against its people, 46, 47; Russo- 
Jap. war enters, 42. 

Liban (vill. in Camarines): admin, by Fran., 38, 168. (The same as Lib6n?). 

Libas (vilL in Samar): Jes. in, 17, 307. 

Ubels: frequent in Manila, 10, 176; pub. against Jes., 44, 118, 49, 187, 50, 379. 

libertines: debarred from Liga Filipina, 53, 335. 

Libite, Capt Sebastian de: commands Pintados, 34, 178. 

Liboac (Libuac) : location, 43, 30a; Jes. at, 344. 

Lib6n (Libdng, vill. in Camarines): population (1583), 5, 95, 97, 35, 385; in an 
encont, 8, 130; admin, by Fran., 38, 157, 35, 385, 36, 317. 

Libot (Moro^ ruler in Mindanao) : conversion, constancy, and pious death, 38, 
136-Z38. 

Libot (Joloan dato): a renegade and pirate, 41, 309, 318, 44, 91; chastised by sul- 
un of Jold, 41, 319. 

Libunao: pop., 17, 305. 

Libungang (vill. in Mindanao) : Malinog flees to, 46, 43. (The same as Bwayen, 
or Buhayen? 4$.) 

Licay (vill. in Mindanao) : admin, by Jes., 36, 57. 

Licenses: for printing books (see under Books) ; for educ. institutions (see under 
Education) ; for erecting churches and convents, 34, 434, 45f 3^3, 333 ; for 
admin, sacraments, 35, 373; for missions (see under Missions; also tiie various 
orders); for going to Phil., 6, 3x3, 45, 135; for leaving Phil., 6, 368, 10, 398- 
300, 34, 388; for Port, to reside in Manila, 35, 131; for trading, xo, 26$, 34, 
314, 31, 335, 43, 335, 50, 301-303, 3X1, 3X3 (see also Commerce) ; for making 
wine, 9, 334, 38, 45; for carrying arms, 53, 107, 3x6; for gambling, 33, 107- 
X09, 44, 135; for use of opium, 53, 35X; to Port., for building houses in Macao, 
18, Z97; for traveling to interior of islands, 53, X07; permitting Chin, to reside 
in Manila, 9, 30X, X3, xo8, X48, X49, X67, 16, 195 (commission apptd. for), 
17, X75, 18, 33, 308, 3x3, 19, 84, 88, 30, 53, 96, X53. 36, X73, X7S, X77, 19X, 
X93, 380^ 35, 164, 49, X47; cost, or amount of, I3, xo8, 19, 349, 33, 157, X58, 
34, 3x0, 30, 90, 94, 35» 190, X94, 45, 39; increased by Corcuera, 36, X40-143, 35. 
X85, x86; fiscal's rep. adverse to such increase, X85-X95 (injures Manila, X93- 
X95) ; jurisd. over, 19, x$5-x58; collection, 34, 334, 36, 139, X40, 35, x86 (frauds 
or irregularities therein, 19, x$7, X58, 30, x6x, x62, 36, X53) ; used for fellow- 



5i8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Licenses 

Licenses (continued) — 

ships in coll., 45, 174; carried by Jap. ships, as protection from attack, 18, 329, 
asa 

Lichsana (settlement in Timor) : 34, 121 ; chart, X24. 

Liciin: mountain at, X3, 88. 

Liculifu (Chin, inspector) : practices extortion and cruelty 00 Aduarte, 31, lao-zsa 

Lid6n, Vicente, O.S.A.: embarks for Spain, 34, 166. 

Liga Filipina ('Thilippine League") : founded by Rizal, 15, 36, 17, 3x1 ; inaug- 
urated (1892), 53, 225; object, 15, 36, 52, 184, 2x7; constitution, rules, and 
pledge, 2x7, 226, 287; members and officers, 225, 226; their rights and duties, 
218-225; references to writings on, x8x-x84. 

Ligio (vill. in Camarines) : Fran, admin., 38, X57. 

Ligero, Alonso: has an encom., 8, X03, 34, 309; a witness, 3, 306, 309. 

Lighthouse: on Corregidor Is., 5X» 59. 

Ligmilnan (vill. of Camarines) : admin, by Fran., 30, X22, 38, X57, x68, 35, 284, 
36, 2x7. 

Ligor (Malay state adjoining Siam) : Span, on its coasts 33, 193. 

Liguana (chief of Taguima) : with his son, aids Mindanaos, xi, 293-295, 298. 

Lijar (Lixar), Soltan (ruler of Borneo): relations with Span, (of Sande's exped.), 
4, X87, X93, X95-X98, 202-206, 2x2-2x4; id^ with Port, 222-224; o^^' mention, 
X84, X99-20X. 

Lila (vill. in Boho!) : pop., 38, 333. 

Lila, Francisco de (alc.-may.) : his racoest in govt., 38, 253, 254. 

Lilio (vill. in Laguna) : pop., 35, 28X, 40, 232; admin, by Fran., 7, X85, 38, X47, 
168, 35, 308. 3", 36, 2x7, 40, 332. 

Liloan (vill. in Cebd) : pop. 38, 324; admin, by Jes., X50^ X5X, 166, X7X, X72; by 
Rec, 324. 

Lima (metropolis of Peru): its port, X3, 62; beauty of its women, X5, X07; Dutch 
ravage its coast, 206; wrecked by earthquake, 48, X53; Audienda of, decisions 
by, 49, X92; provin. council, 3X, 29; other tribunals, X7, X78, 37, 233, 238; uni- 
versity, 39, X75, 177, 45, X58; Dom. coll., 35, X99-202; convents, 33, 226, 45, 209. 

Lima, Francisco (Port, son of Henrique) : allowed to trade in Moluccas, x6, 237. 

Lima, Henrique de (Port) : services to Span., 16, 237. 

Lima, Pablo de (Port adventurer, son of Henrique) : exped. against Johor, 34, 
396; possessions in Temate, 16, 237, 238; islands granted to, 237-239; envoy to 
Tern ate, 57; escapes from Tidore, 307; negotiates treaty, 3x3, 3x5. 

Limahon (Limahong; corruption of Chin, name Dim-Mhon, Chin, pirate): com- 
mits depredations in China, 4, 24, 45, 46; attacks and bums Manila, but is re- 
pulsed by Span., 23-34, 7^* 6» 93-<oo, xo, 27X, 13, x82, 15, 5X, 52, 16, 290, 
294, X9, X92, 33, X5, 220-225, 236, 37, X87, 35, »i8, 41. i6x; pursued by Span, 
to his retreat in Pangasinin, and obliged to flee, 4, 35-48, 6, X04-X22, I3, x82, 
183, 16, x68, 17, X03, 33, 222, 225, 236, 35> 3x8, 43i iz7» 4^» S2; other depre- 
dations by, 4, 70^ 75, 8x, 5, X09, 6, X03; various mention, 4, 77, 89, 90^ 94, 6, 
X03, X7, 285, 41, i6x; death, 4, 89, 6, X25; sketch, 6, 92. 

LImanca (vill. in Samar [ ?] ) : given in encooL, 34, 306. 

Limanpao (chief of Butuan) : peace made with, 3, 26x. 

Limao (vill. in Panay) : Aug. reduction, 39, 270. 

Limasancay (Dimasanca, Dimasangcay, sultan of Mindanao) : incidents connected 
with Ribera's exped. (1579) to conquer, 4, 240-278, 285-294; possesses artillery, 
266, 27X-275; his family and relatives, 259, 26x, 264, 277, XO, 67, 40, 127. 



Lisin] 



INDEX 519 



Limban (ditt in Laguna) : a vicariate, 98, 367. 

Limbo: a viaita of Cavite, 8, 43. 

Limbojan (Umboan, Limbohan, vilL in Matbite): admin, by Rec, a8, 154, 41, 

319. 
limudigan (Moro chief) : his wealth, 44, 64. 
Linacapibi (vill. in Calamianes): attacked by Morot, 36, 179; admin, by Rec, 

ai, 345, 357, 3«6, 36, 146. 
Linaguan (vill. in Camarinea): encom., and its pop., 8, 118, 119. 
Linao (Till, in Mindanao) : now called Bunauan, 43, 196 ; location, 91, 331, 

333, 334; insurrection in, 36, 136-134, 137-139, 38, 130, 4^, no, 136, 3x7; at- 
tacked by Joloans, 3x9; its people attack Bohol, 309; admin, by Rec, 9i, 33z- 

334, 303, 98, 153, 175, 99, 373, 35» 7«f 36, 139, 131, X34-i3St «44, I49i ««6; J^ 
invited by Ind., 44, 6a 

Linapasan (vill. in Paragua) : Rec admin., 98, 175. 

Linares (Linnares), Conde (or Duque) de. See Alancastre. 

Linching (a Chin, city) : 34, 174. 

Lingayin (town in PangasiniLn) : a roy. encom. (1591), its status, 8, 104; pop., 
X04; bar at, 38, x68, 169, 41, 8x; capital of prov., 98, 274, 30, x8o; a place of 
exile, 38, 83, 39» x^» a94t 4^1, as*. ^S^ a74» a75, a85» 5it 307; insurrection at, 
38, 163, 170-173; Span, troops at, x68, 177, 41, 80^ 8x, 85, 86; natives demand 
tax on Chin, mestizos, 59, 73. Admin, by Aug., 8, 104, 94, 48, 30, x8o^ 31, 
359, 4if 64, 65; by Dom., 93, a3St a8, 159, 39t a^i, 365; beaterio at, 98, 358; 
girls' school, 46, 363. 

Lingayon (vill. in L^rte) : Jes. in, 13, xya 

Lingte, Bartolomi (a convert): sketch, 41, 195, 196. 

Lingurin, Juan: arrives in Manila, 49, 391. 

Lino de Espeleta (Ezpeleta), Miguel (bp. of Ceb<&) : negotiates with Boholan in- 
surgents, 48, 147, X48; gov. of Phil, ad interim^ 190-192, 49, 178, 5I| 3xx; 
checks Moros, 50, 33; various mention, 49, 156, 178, 190; death, 50, 41; career 
as gov., 17, 397. 

Linpapa (vill.): location, 11, 397. 

Lint, Capt Peter de (Dutch commander): promoted, xi, 153, 15, 30Z. 

Lintam (a city in China) : 3, 43. 

Liorri, — (Jes. brother) : writes verses in honor of Corcuera, 97, 333. 

Lipa (town in Batangas) : pop., 93, 3x0^ 383; admin, by Aug., 382, 94, 160, X74, 

98, X30i X65, 37. aaa, 40, 3x6, 47. aao. 

Lipa, see suffragan to Manila: erection (X903), X9, 305. 
Liquors. See Wines and liquors. 
Lisabeta: baptismal name of Cebuan woman, 33, X59. 
Lisarde, Martin de, S.J.: a witness, 45, 107. 
Lisarralde (Lizarraldi), Juan de: admin, of his property, 39. X63. 
Lisarralde, Michaela de: her inheritance, 39, x62, 163. 

Lisboa (lisbon, Lisbona, Lixbona, capital of Portugal) : governmental acts, etc., at, 
I, 233, 334, 4, 3«^. 8. 191-193. 14, 233; a trade center, 9, xxs, 19, 303, 304, 

99, 173, 97, 90^ 99, 38; navigation from, 9, 308, 313, 19, 49; archives at (see 
under Archives and libraries); Misericordia of, lo, 28, 90, 241, 47, 23; various 
mention, i, 138, X94, 16, 206, 19. 3". 24, 78, 49, 334- 

Lisboa, Marcos de, O.S.F.: founder of Misericordia, and other labors, 17, 209, 2x0^ 

98, X25, X26, 35. 313, 314- 
Lisin, Juan (Fil. chief) : acts as witness, 8, 90-95. 



520 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Lit 

Lit, Juan (Fil. chief) : tidi Span^ i6, 51, so9* 

Liyao (vill. in Camarines) : Fran, adminitter, J8, x6S. 

Lizirraga (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay raniom oi dxy, 4% 345. 

Lizarraga, Conde de. See Urzua y Ariiniendi. 

Lizon, 18, 129. See Castro Lizon. 

Llamas, Juan de (secular priest) : abp. lays commands on, 49, 51-56. 

Liana, Murcia de la (licentiate) : certifies a publication, 16, 917. 

Llano, Capt. Lope de: envoy to Japan, 9, a6, 31, 33, 35, 48, 15, za8 

Lluch, — , S.J.: labors at Sarangani, 43, 20a 

Ld (Chin, convert) : the first Chin, to be made a bishop, 97, 31X. See Lopez, 
Gregorio. 

Loac (a wild tribe of Tagacaolos) : habitat, 43, aSa 

Loadi de Onate, Francisco: his deposition, 9, 4a, 43. 

Loaisa, Alvaro de (Span, official) : death, 9, 34. 

Loaisa (Loaysa), Garda de, O.P. (bp. of Osma, gen. of Inquis., etc.): negotiates 
treaty, X, 22a, 224; abp. of Sevilla, 9, 26; sketch, i, laa. 

Loaisa, Garcia Jofre de (Span, explorer). See Jofre de Loaisa. 

Loanda, mal dt. See Diseases: beriberi. 

Loarca, Lucia de: daughter of Miguel, 59, 332; her encomiendas, S, 127, 133, 99, 
77, 103, 93. 80. 

Loarca, Miguel de: one of early conquistadors, 5, 187, 59, 330; commands a ship, 

6, no; escorts friars to China, 4, 47, 6, iz6, 34, 313; encom. assigned to^ 306, 

314, 3x5; asks payment for his services in shipyard, 3x3-3x5; his family (see 

Loarca, Lucia de). Relation by, 5, 34-X87, 3x9, 6, 17, 7, X73, 9i, X38, 33, 

338, 347. 34. 314. 40, 332, 43. 99. «a)^ S^. 3*8. 3*9; >«tter to viceroy, 34. 3X3- 

3»5t 35a- 
Loay (vilL in Bohol) : pop., 98, 333. 

Loazes, Capt. Alvaro de: death, 99, 234. 

Lob, Capt Felipe: commands fleet, 99, X95. 

Loban: school at, 98, 36a 

Lobin, Capt. Jacinto: arrives at Manila, 49, xyx. 

Lobao: 5, 2x8. See Lubaou 

Lobaton, Federico (gov. of Phil, ad interim) : term of office, 17, 3xa 

Loberos: term for certain vagabonds, 48, 1x5. 

Lobing (Igorot vill.) : pop., 37, 247; conquered by Span., 248. 

Lobo (Estero de, dist and vill. in Cagayin) : reduced by Span., 9, 82, 37, 248; 

an encom., its pop., 8, xxx, 93, 220 (in X878, 98, 309) ; amt. due its people for a 

church, collec. by Dom. to pay Chin, licenses, 96, X92. Jes. in, 13, 8x; admin. 

by Rec, 98, 309, 343; Dom. in, 31, X38, X92. 
Lobo, family name. See Gonzalez Lobo, Lopez, Lobo, and Martinez Lobo. 
Loboc (vill. in Bohol): location, 40, xxa; pop., 17, 207, 98, 333; admin, by Jes., 

13, 137. »4S. a8, 88, xsx, X7X, 326, 36, 55, 38, 87; Rec in, 98, 329, 533; various 

mention, 13, 144, X46, 98, 327, 330^ 38, 88, 9a 
Lo^ano, Capt Alonso: various mention, 4, X97, 205, 206, 2x4; drowned, 15, 23a 
Lohon (Lutao chief) : captures Jol6ans, 99, 166. 
Loino de Caceres, Roque: attests paper, 10, 282. 
Lombardo, Antonio: 33, 273. See Pigafetta, Antonio. 
Lombey, Pedro (alc.-may.) : Mal6ng threatens, 38, X69. 
Lomboy (Lumboy, Fil. chief) : reduced by Span., 9, 8x ; conversion and baptism, 

30, 244, 245. 



Lopez] INDEX 521 

London (Eng.): world's fairi at, 5a, 914. 

Longalo y Parafiaque (roy. enoom.) : near Cavite, 5, S9; pop., 8, 99; admin, by 
Aug., 99. 

Longobardi, Nicholas, S.J.: sketch, 921, 198. 

Longos: settlement in Lejrte, 5, 51; a roy. encom., 3, 305, 14, 144; admin, by 
Fran., a8, 146, 168. 

Lonio (encom.) : assigned to R. de Vargas, 34, 306. 

Lont, Agustin (FiL chief) : serves in Span, ezped., 16, 51, 309. 

Lont, Luis (Fil. chief) : serves in Span, ezped., 16, 51, 309. 

Looban (barrio in suburbs of Manila) : asylum for girls in, 45, sia 

Looc (vilL in Tablas Is.) : pop., a8, 318; admin, by Rcc, 317, 318; by Jes., 44, 58. 

Loon (vill. in Bohol) : pop., 38, 33a; admin, by Rec, 329. 

Lope, Diego (early explorer) : visits Brazil, 33, 294. 

Lope, Pedro, S.J.: sketch, 39, 197. 

Lope de Leon, Juan: acts as witness, 4, 319. 

Lopez, Alejandro, S.J.: miss'y labors in J0I6 and Mindanao, s8, 62^ 39, 151, 40, 
i3St i^Sf 4^9 306, 44, 69, 70^ 7a; aids in conquest of Jold, 62; negotiates treaty 
with its sultan, 40," 13 3, 15$, 41, 297, 298; ambaisador to Corralat, 301; slain by 
Moros, s8, 98, 41, 301, 44, 99; various mention, s6, x8o^ 38, X09, 41, x2o^ 302, 
44, 73; sketch, s8, 62, 63; letters, dted, 37, 328, 39, 155, 199. 

Lopez, Alejo, S.J.: sketch, 39, 197. 

Lopez, Alonso: has enoom., 8, 124, 125. 

Lopez, Gen. Alonso: promotion, 43, 169; death, 173. 

Lopez, Andr^ O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, X3a 

Lopez, Antonio (Chin, convert) : his connection with embassies to and from Japan, 

9» S«f 33. 3«-55- 
Lopez, Antonio (Chin, convert) : benefactions to S. Gabriel church, 30, 233. (Poe- 

sibly the same as preceding). 

Lopez, Bartolome, O.P.: enlists in Phil, miss., 30, X2o; joins that in China, 125. 

Lopez, Benito: donates fellowship to S. Jos^ coll., 45, 122. 

L6pez, Bemab^ (notary) : testimony by, 38, 223. 

Lopez, Bernardo^ O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 69, 43, 32. 

Lopez, Diego, O.P.: sketch, 14, 85. 

Lopez, Fausto, O.S.A.: 53, 51, $2. 

Lopez, Francisco (Span, officer) : signs letter, 3, 182. 

Lopez, Francisco (Span, sold.): money due to, collec. by Dom. provin., 36, x8$; 
aided by Virgin Mary, 30, 145, 33, xix. 

Lopez, Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 

Lopez, Francisco, S.J.: letter ascribed to, 37, 328. 

Lopez, Caspar, O.S.A.: sketch, 37, x6$. 

Lopez, Gregorio, S.J.: escorts miss, bands, xx, X9$, 13, XX8-X23; officially institutes 
S. Jos6 college, 45, X05, xo6; other mention, 13, X9X, X96, 17, 77; sketch, 17, 
xoo; autograph, X4X. "Relation of x6o9-xo^" X00-X43, 282; rep. on Jes. miss., 
200-209, 28x; letter to Felipe III (X603), X3, X36-X38, 324; cited, 13, X94-X99, 

14, 139. 45, XX5. 
Lopez, Gregorio (baptismal name of a Chin^ convert named Ld), O.P.: first Chin. 

to be made a bp., 37, 3xx, 43, 253, 47, 234. 
Lopez, Hernando (Span, officer): obtains encom., 34, 309; other mention, 3, x8x, 

5, 202. 

L6pez, Isidro^ O.S.A.: sketch, 43, 299. 



522 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Lopez 

Lopez, Jotm: 33, 348. See Carvalho. 

L6pez, J(m6, 0.S^: elected vititory 43, 284. 

Lopez, Jos^, SJ.: death, 39, 13a. 

Lopez, Juan: obtains enoom^ 34, 309. 

Lopez, Juan, O.P. (abp. of Manila): apptd. bp. of Cebd, 38, 7a; id^ abp^ 73; 
conflict with gov. and roy. chaplain, 38, 75, 39, 159, 349, 49, 140-142; Tarious 
mention, 3 J, 51, 37, 69, 70^ xio^ t^S'^^j, 239, 273, 4a, 13a; death, 39f 163; 
sketch, 43, 142, 51, 305, 306. 

Lopez, Juan, S.J.: life and labors, J J, 297, ^7, 328, 329, 36, $4f 4i, »86, 44> 54* 
55, 61. **Relation" of 1636-37, J7, 306-329, 366; ii. (2639), 39, 241-171, 313; 
jV^ (1640), 294-207, 323; letten (2637-38), J7. 330-335i ^9, a3-49; i^-. «««** 3i7» 
333f «9. a3-a«i «o2. 

Lopez, Juan (Span, officer) : founds ohra Am, 47, 2x4. 

Lopez, Capt Lorenzo: commands S. Pedro gate, 99, 255. 

L6pez, Martin: obtains encom., 34, 307, 32a 

Lopez, Pedro (Span, sold.) : in senrioe, 4, 282, XI, 282. 

Lopez, Capt Sebastian: in fight with Dutch, 35, 225, 229, 245, 247; poisoned by 
Venegas, 37» a99- 

Lopez, Simon (notary) : official acts, 7, 32, 45, 46. 

Lopez, Tirso, O.S.A.: editor of Diaz, 35, 252, 293, 38, 87; notes by, S5, 294, 37, 
279, 284, 204, 227, 247, 38, 227, 299, 227, 229, 4J, 229, 277, 285, 296, 209, 222, 
245, 266, 297, 300; aid from, acknowledged, x, 27; sketch, 35, 252, 253. 

Lopez, Yfiigo: gives news of MagalhieSi I, 296-soi. 

Lopez de Abiste, Lorenzo: apptd. alc.-may. of Ceb«3, 7, 233. 

L6pez de Aguirre, Capt Juan: various mention, 3, 258, 4, 230, 232, 237, 299. 

Lopez de Agurto, Sancho (sec'y of Aud. of Mez.) : official acts, 3, 328, 329, 3i 227. 

Lopez de Almansa, Rodrigo: son enters Rec ord., 36, 243. 

Lopez de Andoin, Juan: accounts, 35, 228. 

L6pez de Arellano^ Ruy (encomendero) : deadi, 33, 242. 

Lopez de Asaldegui (Azaldigui), Andr^ (Span, officer): various services, 35, 222, 
37, 242, 39, 228, 229, 233, 252, 35t asSf a^ 37t 180^ 282, 38, 208, 220^ 222. 

L6pez Ballesteros, — (Span, minister) : promotes industries, 5X, 52. 

Lopez Caraballo (Carvalho), Joan (Port pilot) : takes Castilian deserters to India, 
I, 301 ; in Magalhaes's fleet, 33, 284. 

Lopez Carrefio (Carreno), Diego (notary): official acts, 4, 238, 239, 242, 243, 244, 
247-249, 25a, 253, 256, 257, 260-273. 

Lopez Diaz, Cindldo: prize for invention awarded to, 53, 324. 

Lopez Gauna, Martin: countersigns ord., X5, 32. 

Lopez de Hernani, Juan: certifies doc., X4, 223. 

Lopez Jaena, Graciano: joins Fil. propagandist movement, 53, 276. 

Lopez de Legazpi (Legaspi, Leguazpi), Miguel (explorer and colonizer of Phil. Is.) : 
his expedition, X, 32-34, 3, yS'^ih 6, 244, 13, 278, 279, X9, 292, 34, 197-200, 
262, 49, 33 (route) ; his titles and appointments, 3, 39, 52, 53, 62-66, 217, 118, 
229, 325, 33, 227, 238, 292, 292, 34. ^i9'M^; hw instructions, 3, 77, 89-101, 224, 
251, 260, 270, 283, 292, 293, 296, 297, 302, 309, 322, 3, 64, 69, 229, 4, 96, 5> a9. 
6, 57. 5«. »5, 45, a«, I3x, ^3, 232, 234, 34, a49-a54f 5^, 272, 273; his powers, 
3, 63-65; salary, 66; officers, 3, 90, 204-209, 255, 270, 272, 277, 282, 282, 7, 40, 
34, 370i 35, 3i«; «h>P«, », 3*, a, 89, 9©, 204, 205, 3, 280, 283, 15, 45; the real 
discoverer of the Phil. Is., 6, 89, 33, 222, 299, 28, 226; conquers and takes pos- 
session of them for Spain, x, 37, 3, 269-272, 3, 229, 297, I3, 302, 33, 238, 15, 



Lopez] INDEX 523 

45-5^, 16, aoo^ 233, J3, 14«» «95f ««f 3X4» 335i 34» aos, 41. 20, 161, 936 (La- 
dronei, 9, 109) ; on Mindanao coasC^ 40, 116, 312; variout incidents of thii cam- 
paign, 3, 49, 6a, 96, 130^ 152-156, 233, II, 211, 33, i47t »5»» »56» «6«t «7«; 
colonises Phil^ founding his first settlement at Cebu (9.v.)» >• 34» ^i 1x9-121, 
127, 128, 136, 3, 62, 152, 231, 233, 4> 70b 5, 43f 16, 148, 18, 103, Jl, 192, J3, 
169-171, 37, 70, 71, 34, 390; many foreigners in his colony, iio^ xii; founds 
other towns, 3, i4«t ^Sh ^5^ »70^ «73f ««o. a35f ^S^t ^9^ 4t 70» l^» »36i ^33, 
18, 96, 102, 34» 377i 47, ««; allots encom^ 3, X7«, «8o, 189, 231, 4, 7«i 73, So, 
95, 96, 5, 79, 16, X58> 34, 3G4'3i>, 3i4! makes grants from roy. treas., 4, 82; 
appts. oflkials, 3, 63, 173, 187, 4, "3; ni'l- measures, 3, 62, 194, 215, 4, 70, 15, 
50, 49, 33; various acts and measures of govt^ 3, 335, ^^h ^66, 267, 295, 297, 
4, 7», 15, 46, 33, 156, 194, ^4, 45, 38, 107, 39, 277, 34, 269, 300, 30X, 41, 
377, 47, H6; other mention, J, 106, 149, 151, 3, 39, 5», «»» x<H, xx3, X5if 173, 
x8o^ 186, 187, 235, a96, 4f 1x6, 7, 253, 16, 172, ai, 208, j8, 326, 33, 3ax, 34, 2%6, 
292, 36, 100; hostile demonstration of Port against, and L.'s negotiations with 
Pereira, a, 151, 152, 244-329, 3, $Q» 37, 44-49, ^7, XX3.118, 3x5, 4, 70^ 7, 79, 34, 
2x0, 2x8-22x; policy toward Port, a, 25X-256, 266, 268, 303, 325; accompanied 
by friars, and his relations with them, i, 32-34, 4X, a, 33, 3, 52, 262, 6, 46, 1x4, 
9, X06, 16, x5o^ a3, X47, X48, 34, 226, 23X, 266, 46, 300; services to, and losses 
for, crown, a, x57-x6o^ 3, 62, 34, a4«, 242, 246, 255; his property, 4, XX3, 
30, 65, 34, 257; commended hy Mex. viceroy, 3, 2x7; rewards and grants to^ 
a, X55-x6o^ a6, 148, 34, 238-248, 255; hb policy toward natives, and dealings 
with them, a, X09-XX2, XX5-XX9, X32-X40, X43-X47, 200^ 203-2x2, 23 x, 235, 236, 
a53, a<7, 3, a6o, 26x, 295-297, 5, 4», 15, 4^, 23, X37, X42-X49, 34, 2x4, 2x5, 235, 
38, 92, 40, xx6; his character, i, 33, 3, 154, a3, 169, 200^ 22x, 267, 269; esti- 
mate of his work, i, 32, 33; death and burial, 3, 56, X79, x8o^ X83, 2x7, 24X, 250, 
278, 305, 4, 80^ 15, 52, a3, 22X, 222, 34, 357; successor (see Lavezaris, G. de), 
3, 24X, 278, 305, 4, 80, 6, xox, II, X09, 18, xoo; portrait, a, 4, 9, 3, 35; auto- 
graph, a, 9, 179; monument to, at Manila, 33, 125, X27; social status, a, x6o; 
daughters and other relatives, 3, 2x7, 6, x2o^ 20, 65; sketch, a, 82, 17, 285; 
history of his expedition ('*R^um6 of documents"), 2, 75-160, 331. L.'8 'dela- 
tion of voyage" (1565), a, 75, 196-2x6, 333, 334; ''Relation of Filipinas Islands" 
(X569), 3, 27, 54-6X, X09, 3x5-3x7; letters to Felipe II (X565-70), a, 75, 87, 88, 
X02-X04, X74-X81, X96-2X6, 232-243, 332-334, 3» 67, X08-1X2, 315; to Pereira (1568), 
a, 250-256, 277-283, 291-295, 305-309, 3, 30; to others, 3, 27, 44-53, 218, 315, a3, 
220; cited, 3, 66, 1x2, xx3, 3, ^9, 3X, 37, 45» 5©, 53, 55, X09, 223, 34. a35; ordi- 
nances and proclamations, a, X72, X73, 332, 24, 312; map showing his first land- 
ing-place in Phil., 3, X3, 47. 

Lopez de Legazpi, Miguel (apparently an error for Melchor, son of discoverer) : 
enjoys Phil, encom. while residing in N. Espana, 26, X48. See Legazpi, Mel- 
chor de. 

L6pez de Le6n, Juan: his encom., 8, xo2. 

Lopez Leytona y Mendoza, Diego: attests bull, 45, 146. 

Lopez Lobo, Capt Diego: various mention, aa, 189, 237, a3, X10-X13, 24, 2x9. 

Lopez Lucero, Capt Juan: mil. exploits, 39, X64, 165, X99, 20a 

Lopez de Mezquita, Diego: imprisoned in Goa, 16, 225. 

Lopez Montenegro, Francisco: signs Jes. petition, 36, 48. 

Lopez de Nozadigui (?), Andres (Span, officer): his post, a9, 32. 

Lopez Pacheco Cabrera y Bobadilla, Diego (Duque de Escalona and Marqu^ de 
Villena) : viceroy of N. Espafia, 29, 72. 



524 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Lopcz 

Lopez de la Parra, Pedro^ 8.J.: arriTet at Manila, u, asa; death, ii, Z9a, 13, iz6; 
sketch, II, Z93. 

Lopez Perea, Antonio (regidor) : officer of Miicricordia, 47, 77. 

Lopez Perea, Capt Mateo: arrested and removed from office, 39, Z4Z, 176. 

Lopez de Perona, Capt Fernando: apptmt. and sal. as alc.-may., J J, z$6; commands 
ship, 35i aso- 

Lopez Pilo, Diego (Span, officer) : signs letler, 9, 181. 

Lopez Pintado, Joseph (commL consul at Cadiz): writes memorial rdg. Manila 
trade, 45, 6a, yS'Hl cited, 73. 

Lopez Pintado, Manuel (lieut-gen. of Span. roy. marine) : agent of Cidiz mer- 
chants, 44, a6a; commands trading fleet, 45, 70; makes rep. on Manila trade, 
45, 62-67, 69. 

Lopez Povedano, Andr^: enoom. assigned to^ 34, 3za 

Lopez Povedano, Diego: encom. assigned to^ 34, 307, 30S. 

Lopez de Queto, Juan: a witness, 4, aSo, 286-190^ 294, 30a. 

Lopez de Quir6s, Capt Antonio: arrest and exile, 37, 54, 55. 

Lopez de Recalde, Juan (accountant) : writes to bp. of Bdrgos, i, a6a, 26$, 

Lopez de Saavedra, Diego: his encom., 8, zas; collects pay-chedc, j6, 179. 

Lopez de Sequeira (Sequeyra), Antonio (Port, officer): in Pereira's ezped. against 
Span, colony (1568), J, 254, 264, 3x0. 

Lopez de San (Sant) Ger6nimo (Geronimo, Jeronimo, Jerdnimo), Jacinto (Jac- 
intho), O.P.: life and labors, 14, 86, 39, 94, 274, 35, 45; letter by, 31, 37, 38. 

Lopez de Sequera, Diego (Port noble, member of roy. council, and chief magis- 
trate of Portugal) : in junta of Badajoz, i, 174. 

Lopez de Sequerra, Domingo (Port writer) : cited, i, 183. 

Lopez de Siquiera (Sichera), Diogo (Port noble, gov.-gen. of India) : various men- 
tion, 34f 39> 4>i IS3- 

Lopez de Serra, Capt Joan (commander of ship) : wounded in battle, 11, 164. 

Lopez de Sossa, Capt Martin: various mention, 4, aao^ aaz. 

Lopez de Sossa, Pedro (brother of Martin) : various mention, 4, aaz, 223, 224, 226, 
229. 

Lopez de Soysa, Fadrique (Port official) : warns Fajardo of Dutch fleet, ao, 5Z. 

Lopez Tamayo, Francisco (treas. official): resigns office, x8, 259, 19, Z73; apptmt, 
^7» 236; incompetent, 246. 

Lopez de Tezar, Capt Francisco: collects pay-check, 96, Z87. 

Lopez de Toledo, Capt. Francisco: purchases supplies, x8, 294. 

Lopez de Valdepenas, Diego: his encom., 8, Z33, 34, 305. 

Lopez de Villalobos (Vilhalobos, Vyllalobos), Ruy (Span, explorer): commands 
exped. of discovery sent to Malasrsian archipelago (Z54Z-43), x, 30^ 3Z, a, 45-73, 
33Z, 3, "7. 19, 19a. ^3. Z24, 202, 34, X95. »07, 2zz, 44, 53; receives his ships, 
9, 60; his instructions, 56-60^ 286; his directions to his officers, 6Z-63; voyage, 
6, 144; names Phil. Is., i, 3Z, 47, a, 70^ la, Z79, 15, 47i «3, 14*1 33^ 3*4; nego- 
tiations with Port, a, 48, 64, 66^ 71, 73; hostil. with natives, 4, zo6, Z79, 232; 
failure of exped., a, 66, 7Z-73, 15, 44; <>*« mention, 3, Z27, Z79, 7, 150, la, 
X78, ai, Z16, 200, as, Z27, 130, a9, 277, 37, 180; death, a, 66, 73, 3, 12%; sketch, 

a, 47- 
Lopez Ynoso, Francisco (Span, officer) : commands infantry, 35, 245. 

L6quios (Lequians? q,v.) : friendly intercourse with Chin., as, 237. 

Lorduy, Francisco de: acts as notary, 9, 43. 

Lorena (or Corena), Miguel de, O.P.: in Formosa mission, 35, 40. 



Lubungan] INDEX 525 

Loreno^ Duque de: OmoiIo Tiiitii J J, 34. 

Lorento de Trezo^ Capt Diego: apptmt and Mlary at ale-may^ JJ» aaS, 229. 

Lorenxana, Gaipar de, O.S;A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 93; procurator in Spain, 37, 



Lorensana, Melchor, OJ^.: arrirei at Manila, 43, z$. 

Lorenzana, Onofre de: tells houses, 37» x66. 

Loren^ Manuel: ship-builder, 34, 394. 

Lorenzo, — ^ O.S.A.: Caragans wound, J4, 177. 

Lorenzo, Sebastian: commands reinforcement, 49, 119. 

Lorieri, — (cura in Paniqui) : hospitality toward Mas, J8, 242. 

Loronha, Antonio de (Port, gov.) : despatches Pereira, 34, aia 

Lorosa (Lorotsa), Pedro A£Fonso de (Port): joins Magalhies's ezped., 33» *^h 

34* 39-43» SS> S7t X57* 
Losada. See Enriquez de Losada, and Pardot de Losada. 

Losada, Manuel, O.S.A. See Cruz, Manuel de la. 

Lotteries: advised for PhiL Is., 51, 264; estab. therein, 17, 30a, 305, 50, 57, 58, 5 J, 
ai6. 

Louis (dauphin of France): father (1683) of Fdipe V of Spain, i, 353. 

Louis XIII (of France) : his marriage, I3, 127. 

Louis XIV (of France): under his mother's regenqr, u, 127; promotes commerce, 
48, 287, 336; advises protection of Inquis., 50, 26; suppresses Jes. in France, 
273; cited, 37. «97- 

Louise (regent of France) : gifts by Pigafetta to, 34, 147. 

Louise Elisabeth (of Orleans) : her marriage, x, 354. 

Louisiana: Jes. driven from (1763), 50, 298. 

Lourosa, Joio de: sketch, 33, 365. 

Loyola, St. Ignada Sa St Ignatius Lojrola. 

Loyola, Martin Ignacio de, O.S.F.: his journey around the world, 6, 134-153; sig- 
nature, 34, 384. See also under Books. 

Loyola, Martin Ignacio de (bp. of Rio de la Plata): letter by, XJ, 57, 58; opinion 
on trade, 58-61, 323. (Possibly the same as preceding). 

Loza, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 129. 

Lozama: 39, 135. See Lezama. 

Lozano, Andres, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Lozano, Juan, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 149; death, 37, 186; sketch, 179. 

Lozano, Pedro (Span, officer) : various mention, 37, 280, 38, 145, 39, 135, 191, 

41. 3*3- 
Luanbacar (error for Tuanbacar [^.v.]): 5, 189, 53, 33a 

Lubao (Lau, Lobao, Luvao» dist and town in Pampanga) : attached to Betis (q.v,), 
in an encom., 3, 217, 5, Z07, 2x8, 7, 267, 8, xoi, loa, 15, 53; pop., 8, zoi, 17, 
Z93, 33, 214 (diminished by famine, 5, 212) ; justice in, 5, 85, 8, xoi ; chief 
magistrate in (1589), 7, 133; revolt in, 38, 144; invaded by blacks, x6i; Span, 
garrison stationed in, x6i; Chin, forbid, to go there, 49, 147; other mention, 4, 
112, 18, 96; admin, by Aug., 8, loi, 17, 193, 33, 225, 226, 34, 32, 42, 67, 69, 
74, 127, X59, 38, 13X, 165, 34» ^9h 37» a37; their convent, 33, 214, 38, 141. 

Lubitero, Andres de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 

Lublub (Abaca vill.) : pop., 48, 61. 

Lubucun (name of Cebuan chief and his vill.) : S3, 167, 337. 

Lubungan (vill. in Mindanao): defended by inhab. against Mor., 48, 50; admin, 
by Rcc, 38, 342; id., by Jes., 38, 151, 171, 343. 



S26 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Lubu9 

Lubut (tribe in Sumatra): tree-dwellers, Ji» 341. 

Luca (vilL in Leyte) : admin, by Jet., 36, 55. 

Luca, Andrea de: encom. aatigned to, 34, 306. 

Lucas, Pero (Span, sold.) : a witness, 4, 157, 159, 170; slain in battle, 5, 193. 

Lucbdn (twice erroneously written Luchan, yill. in Tayabas, sometimes mentioned 

as in Laguna): pop., 35, aSa; admin, by Fran., j8, 146, 153, 157, 168, 35, 28a, 

36, 217; other mention, 5 J, 93. 
Lucbiitun (Moro rancheria) : superstition in, 43, a6z. 
Lucena, Capt Lucas de: arrives at Manila, 4 J, 291. 
Lucena, Gen. Pedro de: arrives at Manila, 49, 291. 
Lucenilla, Pedro Martin de, OJ^.: lignt petition, J3, 27. 
Luoera See Lopez Luoero. 
Luctuy (Tunquin) : dioc council at, 48, z8a 
Lucia (Span, woman) : captured by Joloans, J9, 209. 
Lugon (vill. in Mindanao) : pop., 4, 383. 
Luciilan (vilt in Mindanao) : assigned in encom., 34, 307. 
Ludovisi, Card. — : certifies letter, JX, 176. 
Lugud (point on L Lanao) : rocky shore at, 44, 64. 
Lugo y Messa, Alvaro de. See Messa y Lugo. 
Lugo y Montalbo, Christobal de (Span, officer) : mil. exploits, J9, 1x7, ao6-aii, J4, 

143-145. 164, J9, 97; rewards for, JJ, 77, aa8, J3» 159- 
Luis — , Fray, O.S.F.: imprisoned in Japan, 34, a98. 
Luis I (of Spain) : sketch, x, 354. 
Luis (Cafre smith) : flees to Port, 4, 2a3. 
Luis (servant to Solis) : acts as interpreter, 9, 45, 46. 
Lujan (Luxan), Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, a8; goes to China, 37, 

«45. 
Lujan, Jeronimo Rodriguez (ecc) : deposition, JX, 69. 

Lulutan (vill. in Cebii) : 3S, 337. 

Lumaban, Bernab^ (Gaddan chief) : abandons his wealth to go with fugitive miss's, 

33, ax9. 
Lumanao (encom. in Ibalon, now Albay) : pop., 8, xa5. 
Lumapuc (vill. in Mindanao) : sacked by Span., 41, 307. 
Lumaquan (Lumaguan, Mindanao chief) : a friend to Span., 9, a83, a87, 292, xo, 

54. 59. ^5. 15. 90. 95; other mention, 9, 288, 299. 
Lumaquaque (vill. in Ilocos) : pop., 5, X07. 
Lumban (Lumbang, encom. in Laguna): pop., 5, 89, 8, xx6, 35, 280; admin, by 

Fran., 35, 280 (here written Luonbang), 3xx, 3x7, 36, 2x7. 
Lumber. See Plants and trees. 
Luna, Antonio de, O.S.F. (bp. of N. Ciceres) : opposes abp. in a council, and is 

obliged to flee to Spain, 50, 4X, 318, 3x9. 
Luna, Gonzalo de (alc-may.): disregards justice, 34, 275. 
Luna, Luis de (lawyer) : graduates in Manila, 50, X40. 
Luna, Miguel de: signs doc., 36, 67. 
Luna, Pedro de (ship-captain) : commissioned by Mex. viceroy, but dies at sea, 3, 

209, 239, 
Luna family (of Ilocos) : prominent in Fil. propagandist movement, 5a, X76. 
Luna y Arellano, Tristan de: exped. to Florida, 31, 41. 
Luna y Novicio, Juan (Fil. artist) : his studies and work, 45, 282. 
Lupi (Lupe, vill. in Camarines) : Fran. miss, in, a8, X57, X69. 



Macao] index 527 

Luppo^ Ambroeio (Cagayin chief) : his devoutness rewarded by Virgin Mary, 31, 

375, «7^- 
Luque, Malo de. See Malo de Luque. 
Luque, Francisco, O.P.: slain by Negritos, 35, 36. 
Luque, Jose, SJ.: in Palapag, 36, 56. 
Loquino, Pablo, O.S.A.: gen. of his order, 37, 226, 4 J, 189. 
Laraya (vill. in Mindanao) : ravages by Span, troops at, 41, 305. 
Lusa (vill. in Mindanao) : Span, at, 4, 364. 
Lnsitania (appellation of Portugal [9.^.]): 34, 338. 
Luaones (Luasones) : early appellation for people of Luz6n, 34, 278, 292. 
Luasara, Pedro de: ao, 61, 137. See Leuzarra. 

Lutherans: appellation given by Span, to Eng., 7, 66, 164, 9, 244; id,, to Dutch, 17, 57. 
Luzarrondo, Capt Jos^ de: arrives in Manila, 49, 291. 
Luzon, Francisco^ S.J.: miss, labors in Mindanao, 36, 55, 44, 69. 
Luzuriaga, Jose de: cited, 51, 136, 137. 

Luzurriaga, Capt Nicolas de: legacy to hospitalers, 47, 174. 
Ljm, Cornells van der (phonetic rendering, Comelio Fandelin, gov.-gen. of Dutch 

possessions in East) : term of oflke, 35f 27a 

Maalat: 16, 138. See Malate. 

Maasin (Maasim, Masin, Massana, port in Leyte) : location, x, 322 ; Jes. in, 38, 
15X, X72. 

Mabalacat (vill. in Pampanga) : pop. (1878), j8, 3x3; Rec in, 312, 3x3. 

Mabini, Apolinario (Fil. insurgent and member of Liga Filipina) : arrested, 5^1 2125, 
226; comments, cited, x88. 

Mabitac (Mabitac, vilL in Luz6n) : status (1649), 35f >8x; Fran, in, 98, X46, x6S, 
35, 38x, 31X, 3x7, 36, 2x4. 

Mabo6 (vill. in Masbate) : Rec in, 98, X54. 

Mabulau (vill. in Phil.) : assigned to roy. crown, 3, 305. 

Macabebe (Macabibi, Mecabebe, encomienda and vill. in Pampanga) : location, 33, 
264, 288; pop., 5, 85, 8, X02; trib. in, xo2, 33, 243, 244; rich and populous, 38, 
X46; official in, 5, 85; assigned in encomienda, 8, xox, xo2, 26, 297, 301; Span, 
forces in, 38, 145-147; feigns loyalty, X46, 147; insurgents in, 153; Chin, forbid- 
den to go to, 49, X47; Aug. in, 8, 102, 17, 193, 33, 226, 243, 34, 30, 32, 48, 74, 
76, xox, 120, 38, X3X, X65, 37, 156, 165, 219, 237, 254, 38, 141, 2x5, 43, 297. 

Macajar (India) : Dom. in, 36, 70. 

Macalilon (Macalilong, vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, in, 38, X57, X69. 

Macanaz, — : banished from Spain, 50, 26. 

Macao (Macam, Macan, Macdn, Macaon, Macau, Maccan, Machdn, Machao, Port, 
settlement on is. near mainland of China) — 

In general: name, 5^, 331; location, 3, 227, 6, 303, 7, x2o, 17, X26, 36, 23, 34» 
387; way-station and gateway to various places, 6, X52, 207, 10, X93, 14, 70, 30, 
X25, 128, X30, 31, X06, 3a, 30, 88, 37, a86, 38, 7X, 43, 17, X5X, 198, 294; plan 
and view, 33, X35, 36, 275; Port, pop., 18, X96, 19, X98; fortifications, 33, X37, 
X76; saltpeter abundant in, 6, 302; supplies procured at, 7, 56, 8, 195; gun metal 
procured in, 7, 63; images made in, 31, 210; inhab. make loan to roy. treas., 34, 
3x9, 320, 37, 49; protected by, and need protection of Phil., 37, xx7, 30, 42, 43; 
disturbances and factions in, 7, X2, 35, X79; calendar in, 17, X26; declines, 10, 
X92; its importance, X92, X93; poverty in, 43, 195; destruction and abandonment 
discussed, 18, x 94-203, 346, 19, X98, 30, X5, X3x. 



528 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Macao 

Macao (continued) — 

Tradi nUaions: a, aay, 5» 34, 6, s<^ a^S. 8OS. SOS, toy, $oS, 7. 85» «^ 75. «55. 
199, 2x5, 8, 9, 14, Z74-Z96, 292, 330^ 9, as^. xo. x^f 14, axSt ax^t ««>» »SXf i^, 

44, 185, 17, 106, 113, 129, 149, 181, 238, 3x9, 18, 58, 60^ 64, 20X, 228, 19, 5«f «9f 
198, 207, 307-309. 3XX-3»3» ao, 32, 33, 99, 160, 161, JJ, 17, 89, 96, 97, 137, 141, 
17X, X72, 182, 186-188, J3. 33* A 9h 97. x^ «4. a3. as. «5o^ a«7. a8«, 3xa. 3X9. 
as, IX, a6, 274, J7. 3*7. ^9. 306, 35. xa. xis, 37. 276, 38, 70b 4^. xi8, 150^ 174, 
47, 69, 43, 265, 266, 51, X58. 

Religious matters, etc.: 4, 3x6, 5, 28, 6, 78, iz6, 134, 208, 247, 7, 2x7, 9, 
X49, 17. 274. x8. ao2, 206-208, 19, xo, 48, 49, 53, 54, ao, 123, JJ, X37, 140^ X4X, 
X44, 20X, 300, J4, 3a. Hh ^5, ax8, a6, 9, 23, 37, 4X, J7. 3xx, ^9. xs, 33. 34. 37. 

45, X22, 150^ 246, 30, X56-X58, 208, 234, 31, X2, xox, X3X, X32, 3J, 48-50, 88, X25, 
X38, 205, 267, 268, 34, 3ax, $61, 35. X9, X79, 292, 298, 299, 309, 38. xo^ 41, X97, 
4a, 1x8, X43, 199, 2x4. 

Relations with various peoples ^Vort connection with, 3, 227, 5, 24, 27, 25X, 
6, 62, 200, 26X, 7, 80, 2X3, 8, 176, X77, x8o^ X93, X94, 9. xx3, la, X58, 14, 
xo, 16, 250^ 17, X45, 18, X96, 220^ 22X, asx, 252, 293, 19. ax, xx7, X97, ao, X50, 
a:^, 67, X69, X7X, X84, x86, 2x8, a3, 23, 24, 56, 66, 67, 307, a4, X4X, 320, as, 9. 
XXI, 123, X35, a6, 279, a7, 17, xxo^ 307, 327, a9, 38, 40, 35, X23, 124, x8o, 36, 
65, 4a, X99, 46, 357, so, X7X, $a, 234; Span, covet, 6, axx; connection with N. 
Espafia, 6, 30^ 263, 307, 308, 7, 66, 75, X2o, 2x5; other Span, connection with 
(mainly through Phil.), 6, 303, 305, 7, 35, 73-75, 86, X55, 199, 2x4, 215, 8, 9, 14, 
23, I74-X9^. a7o, 3x9, 320, 9, 42, 236, 10, 16, 200, 13, 223, 14, 2x5, 2x6, 16, 44, 
296, 17, XX3, X23, X24, X29, x8x, 260^ 18, 233, 19, 69. 207, ao, 32, 49. 57. 99. xo8, 
x6o, M, X5, 68, 89, 96, 97, X39, x86-x88, 2x4, 235, 263, ^3, 4«. 54-5^. 93. x62, 279, 
a4, 23, 25, ISO, 208, 2x9, 287, 288, 3x9, as. XX, X5, 124, 125, a6, 274, ^7. xx7, 
308, 3x0, 31X, a9, 49, X42, X50, 306, 35. X5, 123, 124, x8o, 37. X9a, 276, 4a, xx8, 133, 
174, 44, 99, 47, 69; Cambodian relations with, 9, x6x, 172, 173, is, 155; Japanese, 
14, 220, 231, 19, 5«. M, X7, X4X, X7X, X72, 31X, a4, 205, 299, 327, 35, X2, 1x5 ; 
Dutch, 18, 69, ao, 30^ 3x, 34, m, 14, 97, 134, 182, 231, 293, a9. a3, 35. x8x; 
Chin., 19, X98, M, X94, a9, 40, X57, 4^, 198; Eng., ao, 30, 31, 34, M, 134, a9, 
32, X97; India, ^3, 33, 97; Cochinchina, 91; negroes flee from, 3s, X17; Macasar, 
38, 70. 

Macao: 18, 72. See Meaco. 

Macapagal (Macapapal), Juan (Pampango chief): aids Span, against insurgenta, 
36, 228, 236, 38, X47, X48, X52, X75. 

Macapan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (X579), 4, 2S3. 

MacArthur, Arthur (Maj.-gen. U. S. vol. in Phil.) : Dom. petition, 45, X36. 

Macasar (Macagar, Macassar, Macazar, dist and city in Celebes): identified, ao, 
X48 (see also Rotterdam); captital of whole is., 38, 69; a port, a9, 49. Term 
also used for whole is. (see Islands, Celebes). 

Macasars (Macassars, Macazars, Mangkasara, inhabitants of the dist. of Macasar 
and is. of Celebes [9.^.]): habitat, ao, X48, a4, 331; tattoo body, 40, 44; con- 
verted to Mahometanism, ao, 148; Botunes compared to, a4, 331; chiefs, power- 
ful, a9, 76; sold as slaves, 14X; migration of, 40, 44; Span, contact with, a8, 54, 
57, 60^ a9, 49, 76, 41, 306, 3x3; in J0I6, a8, 54, 57, a9, 36, 49; Dutch aid, 41, 
306; Dutch conquer (1669), ao, 148. 

Macasiag, Jacinto (Fil. chief): leader of insurrection, 38, 176, 196, 198, 200-202; 
hanged, 2xa 

Macasiiin, Marcos (Fil. chief) : takes part in insurrection, 38, 198, 199. 



Madre] INDEX 529 

Maciulo (vill. in Luzdo) : location, 38, 173 ; insurgents occupy, 173. 

McCreezy, Fenton R. (lec. of Amer. embassy at Mez.) : aid extended by, 53, 341. 

Mac-Crobon, Manuel (gov. of Pbil., Jan., 1873): death, 17, 307; sketch, 309. 

Macedo^ Lioen. Manuel Reaelo (Rafaelo, sec priest) : his apptmt, 95f 198. 

Macedonians: reside in Manila, 44, 29. 

Maces: used as qmibol of authority and rank, J5, a86, 36, 31, 38, 37, 282; gold, 
36, 38. 

Machado, Antonio (Port adventurer) : Siamese capture, 15, 78. 

Machado, Capt Domingo (pilot) : apptmt and command, J9, 200, 35, 23a 

Machado, LlorQrnte: signs letter, a, 182. 

Machado, Pedro (sarg.-may., Tematan) : in campaign against insurgents, 38, 178, 
49, 269; acts as interpreter, 49, 184. 

Machado, Licen. Ruy (Span, official) : app. oidor, 7, 79, 80. 

Machault, Father — de, S.J.; cited, 33, 198. 

Machines and machinery: Fil. do not possess, 6, 223; imported into Phil., 51, 52, 
53, 3x0, 344; should be exempt from duties, 51, 250; introduction of, favored, 
53, 223; hydraulic, 38, 320; steam-engines, 320; forging, 51, 143, 144; mining, 
needed in Phil., 242, 243; sugar, needed in Phil., 248; cotton-spinning, needed in 
Phil., 254-256; agricultural, introduced, 53, 1x3; rice-hulling, 3x0^ 3xx; prize 
offered for abaci-combing, 3x2; abaci-stripping, 3x4, 3x8; spinning, 3x7. See 
also Tools. 

Machuca, Capt Gomez de (Span, officer) : service, and posts held by, 6, 72, 7, 133, 
i5<^ S> 30^> 'o, X35, II, xoo; official acts, 6, 230^ 9, X32, X36; attends council, 
9, X22, 13, 3x; report ordered from, 11, xoo; makes poor marriage, 6, 72; Morga 
friendly to, II, xox. 

Machuca, Capt Miguel (Span, officer): excommunicated, 39, X85. 

Machuca, Thomas de: deputy of Miserioordia, 47, 26. 

McKinley, Lieut W. E. W. (Amer. officer) : cited, 53, x62. 

Macomb, Capt A. C. (Amer. officer) : note, cited, 47, 88. 

Maconbon (Macobo, Macombo, Macombon), Alonso (Francisco, sarg.-may., Lutao 
chief): aids Span, in various places, 38, xxx, i2x, X24-X26, 41, 3x4, 3x5; rebukes 
Span, capt, 38, xxx, 124. 

Madaguem (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Madalena (Fonseca), Gabriel de la, O.S.F.: martyrdom and sketch, 35, x2o, X2i. 

Madalena, Pedro de, O.P. (vicar-gen.) : confirms miracle, 31, 260-262. 

Madariaga, Manuel, O.S.A.: miss'y labors, 48, 86, 87. 

Madium (Moro rancheria) : pop., 43, 20X. 

Madeirans (inhab. of Maderia) : in Magalhies's fleet, 33, 278. 

Maderas (in Phil.): Chin, insurgents killed in, 39, 227. 

Madras (Madris, Madrass, Madrast, Madrasta, Madrastapin, city in India) : Eng. 
fort at, 38, 264, 43, X53; Chris, tomb at, 43, X55; Eng. menace, 47, 249; exped. 
leaves, 49, 13, 312; Manila artillery sent to, X7X, 318; Aug. sent to, 225; Brit 
seek aid from, 270; S. Orendain goes to, 307; merchants of, employ agents, 51, 
150; trade with Manila, 153, X54, 253, 254; importation of workmen from, urged, 
255; plan, cited, 4^, i53- 

Madrazo, — (Span, artist) : portrait of Urdaneta, 3, 9. 

Madrazo, Jos^ (Span, naval officer) : his ships, 43, 289, 308. 

Madre de Dios, Alonso de la, O.S.F.: sails for Japan, 16, 3a 

Madre de Dios, Ambrosio Martinez de la, O.P.: 30, 301. See Martinez de la Madre 
de Dios. 



530 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Madrc 

Madre de Dioa, Antonio de la (Rec.) : aent to Ponnoaa, 35» 85 ; aketcli, 36, 147. 

Madre de Dioa, Bias de la, O.S.F.: life and labori, 9, 2% 35, 3x7, 318. 

Madre de Dioa, Diego de la (Rec.) : life and labors, j8, 3x5, 41, 2$, 73, 78-80, 129, 

X72, X78, X79, 234. 
Madre de Dies, Francisco de la (Rec [I]): life and labors, 17, 88, ai, 184, 196, 

23^1 35> 88 (killed by Chin. X638). 
Madre de Dioa, Frandaco de la (Rec [II]) : protests surrender of Rec miss. (X673), 

41, 171. 
Madre de Dios, Frandaco de la (Rec [III]) : goes to Phil. (1683), 41, aox. 
Madre de Dios (or de la Alameda), Frandsco de la, O.SJP.: app. bp. of N. Cicerea, 

38, 73. 

Madre de Dios, Frandsco Antonio de la (Rec): goes to PhiL (1683), 41, aoa. 

Madre de Dios, Caspar de la (Rec) : death, 91, X59. 

Madre de Dios, Geronimo de la (Rec) : goes to Phil., JX, 1x7. 

Madre de Dios, Joseph de la (Rec [I]) : Mor. capture, 36, X39, X4a 

Madre de Dios, Joseph de la (Rec [II], brother chorister): goes to Phil. (1683), 
41, 202. 

Madre de Dios (or de la Vega), Joseph de la, OP.: conducts miss., 37, 69; sketch, 69. 

Madre de Dios, Juan de la (Rec [I]; in PhiL, X6X5-X623) : life and labors, ax, ax8, 
253, 299-302, 36, XX5. 

Madre de Dios, Juan de la (Rec [II] ; of Blanca, called Blancas) : life and labors, 
41, IX-13, ao, 61-64, 70-76, 77, X97, X99, 204, 2ia 

Madre de Dios, Juan de la (Rec [III]; of Cuenca) : life and labors, 41, x88, X89, 
200, 20X, 256, 257, 267. 

Madre de Dios, Juan de la (Rec [IV]) : martyred (X723), j8, 344. 

Madre de Dios, Melchor de la (Rec) : sketch, 41, 156, X57. 

Madre de Dios, Nicolis de la (Rec) : sketch| 36, x88. 

Madre de Dios, Onofre de la (Rec) : life and labors, Ji, 15, x6, 248, 257, 258, 297, 
a8, 323, 35, 7I1 93, 36, X48, 41, "»• 

Madre de Dios, Pedro de la (Rec) : life and labors, JX, 254, 255, 257, 294, J9, x62, 
X63, 36, X44, X45. 

Madre de Dios (Quirds), Teodore de la, O.P.: life and labors, 35» 40, X49, 37, 99. 

Madre de Dios, Ysidro de la, O.S.F.: controversy with Bp. Gonzalez, 39, 205, 206. 

Madrid (capital of Spain) : distance from, and communication with, Manila, 35, 
53, 44, 174, x8o; location, 47, 87; time of, compared with that of Manila, x, 22; 
criminal court at, 6, 74; market, 7, 227; rqy. palace, 53, 32; libraries, archives, 
and educ institutions, i, frontispiice, xx, 8, X64, x6, 94, 45, X65, 244, 46, 232, 
374, 5X, 299, 53, 29-32; rel. institutions and ecclesiastics in, 17, 157, ai, xxx, xx6, 
X17, 180, 185, 196, 24s, 252, 255, 257, 265, 289, 296, aa, 42, 33, 10, 27, 34, so, 
92, 166, a8, 307, 359, 35, 3i3» 36, 53, 74. 37, 50. »a3, aa6, 270, 286, 29X, 38, xo, 
78, X87, 2x5, 41, X55, X99, 200, 49, X37, X46; Jes. in, thanked, i, 17; freemasons 
in, 53, 255; reports sent to, 35, 3x9, 44, x6x, X65, X72, 47, 248; Vargas recalled 
to, 43, X7, X95; exposition of X887 in, 46, XX9, 363; money coined at, 51, 60; 
Cortes meets in (x8x4), 285; Fil. study in, 53, X29; ex- Jes. not allowed in» 2xx; 
trend of politics in, 277. 

Madrid, Capt — (brother of Madrid y Luna): his ineffidency, 17, 97; his valor, 

X22. 

Madrid, Capt Cebrian de (brother or cousin of Madrid y Luna) : in campaign against 

Chin, insurgents, 14, X23. 
Madrid, Francisco de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 92, 39, 272, 37, X85. 



MagalhSes] index 531 

Madrid, Jos^ (Joseph) de, O.P.: life and labors, 36, 229, 37, xx6, X17. 

Madrid, Capt Sebasdan de (brother or cousin of Madrid y Luna) : commands ves- 
sel, x8, 39, 5a, 19, 227, 231; killed in battle, 18, 52, 19, 231. 

Madrid y Luna, Licen. Manuel de (oidor of Manila) : arrives at Manila, la, 127, 
15, 281; offends gov., 18, 46; his services merit reward, 52; supports Arce, 241; 
member of Misericordia, 47, 27; app. Ale in Mex., 18, 48; leaves for Mex., 55; 
official acts, la, 132, 146, 245, 13, 243, 14, 37; letter to Fel. Ill (July 5, 1605), 
^4$ 50-52; his relatives, 17, 97, 18, 52. 

Mafamede, 3, 301, 3x5. See Mahomet 

Maffei, Giovanni Pietro, S.J.: sketch, 16, 23 x. See also Books. 

Mafra, Gin^s de (pilot on "Victoria") : gives deposition, i, 270. 

Magad-China (Magachina, Tag. chief): his deposition, 4, 148-152; Sande's envoy 
to Borneo, 155; detained in Bomean vessel, 163; slain, 165; see also Ochoa. 

Magalan (Magalang, Magilang, vill. in Luz6n) : location, 37, 169; loyalty of na- 
tive of, 38, 165; insurgents menace, 173; fortified, 173; ravaged, 49, 269; Aug. 
in, as, 15*1 ^8, 13X, x6s, 38, 141. 

Magalat (Magalate, Fil. chief): reduced^ 9, 82; incites insurrection, 10, 170^ 15, 
xox, X02; death, 10, X7a 

Magaldan (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 31, 140; status (1591), 8, 104; natives, super- 
stitious, 30, 244; roy. treas. indebted to, 36, 178; ale-may., 31, 146; Dom. in, 
17, 2XX, 36, X78, 38, X74, 30, 189, 195, 31, 140, 146, 33, 22; Aug. driven from, 
31, i^6, 

Magalhaes, Beatrice (daughter of D. Barbosa) : wife of F. Magalhaes, 33, 185. 

Magalhabs (Magalhaens, Magallanes, Magallines, Magellan), Fbrnao (Ferdinand, 
Fernando, Hernando) db (Port soldier, navigator, and discoverer, in Spain, 
service) — 

Life, etc.: friend of F. Serrao, i, 25, 33t 364; saves him, 364; influenced by him, x, 
26; uses his letters, 33, 364; adnL in Port, fleet, i, 309; sails Oriental waters, 309; 
said to have taken early voyage of discovery, 25 ; quarrels with Port king, 309 ; leaves 
Port service, 250, 33, 364; enters Span, service, 259; lives with D. Barbosa, 340; mar- 
ries, B. Barbosa, 340, 341 ; revives project of Columbus, i, 26 ; appeals to Cirlos 1, 26 ; 
at Valladolid, 27; speaks with Las Casas, 28; titles, posts, and honors held, asked 
and granted, i, 251, 272, 280, 282, 31X, 33, 276, 34, 39; his proposed route, i, 
28; opposition to, 254; appoints his secretaries, 259; investigates charges, 26X, 
262. His expedition, I, 249-337, «i 25» 40, 43, 48, 7^, 6, 89, 16, 241, 19, 192, 
31, xx6, 33, X67, 30, 35, 33, "-367, 34, "-16, 38-180, 184, 38, 268, 40, XX4; 
cause for voyage, i, 23, 37, 69, 70; Pigafetta (q.v.) accompanies, i, 29, 33, 27, 
29, 273 ; his fleet, 3, 36, 33, 29 ; his crews, 33^ 278-290 ; his stores, 278 ; despatched 
to Indies, I, 277; voyage compared to that of Columbus, 28; conceals his plans, 
33t 31; his sailing orders, 31, 33, 276-278; takes communion, 69; departure (Aug. 
10, X519), 31X, 33, 29, 35; his course, 13-18, 49, 33; shanghais man at Canaries, 
33, 289; arrests Cartagena, 294; along S. Amer. coast (including stay at Bay St 
Julian and mutiny), I, 263, 266, 297, 299, 3"-3i9i 33, 41-69, 73» *49-309, 34. 
157; discovery of passage of strait of Mag., I, 28, 250, 319, 33, 69-77, 3x0-314; 
calls council in strait, 3x8; leave strait, 317; voyage across Pacific Ocean, i, 28, 
33, 87, 89; suffers famine, 87, 317, 318; reckons distance wrongly, I, 3x2; dis- 
covery and stay at Ladrones, 28, 322, 33, 95-103, 322; discovers Spice regions, 
I, 267; discovers Phil. (March, 152X), i, 28, 29, 3, xo2, 4, xo6, 6, X43, I3, X78, 
15, 43, 16, 231, 31, X92, 39, 277, 33, X03, 35, 301, 40, 48; names them Archi- 
pelago of S. Lazaro, i, 28, 29, 33, X09; his stay in Phil, (mainly in Cebu), i, 322- 



532 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [MagalhSes 

Macalhabs, Fbrnao db (ooodnued) — 

3«5. «. 7^. !«• xSo* ^3, X70* i«'. '88, 33f 103-175, 3^-33Sf 36, xoo, 199; punidye 
expedition against chief of Matan It^ X, 324, 325, 33f i6x, x75-i8i> 3x3, 339> 340; 
wounded, 179; slain, I, 29, 91, 92, 25<^ 266, 268, 269, 299, 325, 331, a, 12, 38, 40,* 
42, 1x9, 129, 176, 184, 2X1, 2x2, 229, 3, X94, 4, X06, 5, 45. I«f X78, 180, 15, 4a. 
18, X03, 33. X56, x6o^ 167, X71, 173, X74, 33. ax, i8x, 183, 297, 313, 339-34X> 35*. 
34, X59, 390, 38, 268; sketch, I, 250; eulogized, 33t x8x, 183; compared to Moses, 
I, 29; blamed by his superiors, a, 40; Span, hate, 33, 276; memorial to, x, 325, 
326, 15, 46, 17, 303, 93, 127; his will, I, 9x, 249, 250; strait named for, i, 28, 
6, 143, 39, 277; did not reach Spice Is., x, 29; remuneration for his discoveries, 
282, 283; map showing his disc., 33, 270, 271; evidences of, found in Cebii, 34, 
X7i 303; described, x, 28; portrait, x, frontispita ; signature (rubric), xz, 273; 
his wife, 33, X85; his son, 34X; his slave, X, 29, 326, 33. XZ3-XX7, X25, X37, X39, 
183-187; his successor, i, 326; men killed at banquet, 327, J, 176, 33, X85-X87, 
341, 342, 34, 203 ; navigation of his companions, i, 209, 33, X99-267, 348-366, 34, 
x2-x6, 38-X80; extension of meaning of Line of Demarc. in his time, i, 25. See 
also, Expeditions. 

fFritings, etcr. writings on, overlooked, X, 28; Navarrete's life of, cited, 249; 
F. Serrao writes, 25, X5, 42, 33^ 259; communications with India House of Trade, 
I, 260, 26X ; contract with Cdrlos I, 27, 9X, 250^ 25X ; communications with Ciirloa 
I (letters, memorandum, instructions, etc.), 9X, 247-254, 259, 26x, 267, 271-275, 
280-285, 294, 295, 343; petitioned by men, and reply, 3x5-3x8. 

Magalhies, Rodrigo (son of Ferfiao) : birth and death, 33, 34X. 

Magallanes (vill. in Romblon) : pop. (X878), J8, 3x8; Rec in, 317, 3x8. 

Magallanes, Antonio, S.J.: elected bp. of Japan, J9, 25. 

Magallanes, Francisco, O. St. J. of G.: superior of order, 98, X43, X92; his hosp. 
labors, 38, 143, X44, 47, x68, X98. 

Magalog, Domingo (Fil. chief) : pardoned, 49, 305. 

Maganita (vill. in Sanguir) : its chief, a Chris., j8, xox. 

Magao (vill. in Paoay): Aug. in, j8, 166, 

Magarao (vill. and encomienda in Luz6n) : status (X59X), 8, x2x. 

Magat (Simagat, Simaguat), Francisco (Tag. chief): Sande's envoy to Borneo, 4, 
X55, x6i, 163-165, X85; has kin in Brunei, X64; thrust in stocks and imprisoned, X65, 
182, 185; his companion, X70, X7x; ransomed and freed, X83; acts as interpreter, 
X 94-202, 205; translates letter, 202. 

Magat Salamat (Tag. chief, son of preceding?): conspires against Span., 7, 96, 97, 
99-101; in Calamianes, 97; in Cuyo, X03; arrested, X04; sentenced, xxo. 

Magazines (storehouses): erection, 6, 49, 8, 270; inadequate in Manila, 269; how 
they should be managed, 43, 258, 259; royal purchases stored in, 50, 233; in Ma- 
nila custom-house, 51, X7X. 

Magdagasang (land in Mindanao) : Chris, in, 43, 2x4 (see also, Dacungbanua). 

Magdalena, Sister (Jap. convert) : martyred, 33, 245. 

Magdalena, Gabriel de, O.S.F.: imprisoned and tortured, 34, 231, 235-240. 

Magdalena, Maria (Poor Clare): signs petition, 33, X07; goes to Macao, 35, 298. 

Magdalena, Thomas de la, O.P. See Sierra, Thomas de. 

Maghalibe (Cebuan chief) : takes oath of allegiance, 33^ X63. 

Magindanao (Maingdanao, city and dist. in Mindanao [9.^.]): location, 33, 239, 
46, 47, 48; importance, 46; ruined by fire, 45, 46; chiefs from captured, 33, 239, 
241; chart, 230, 335. 

Maglindao (Bagobo) : becomes slave, 43i 247; wounded and sacrificed, 247, 248. 



Mahometans] INDEX 533 

Maglentiy Goncalo (Dapitan): his valor, 40, 1x9, X2a 

Itolagneta: found in iron ore, 51, 143. 

Magno, Francitca Ignpda (wife of Loren^) : petition by, 39, 167. 

Magno, Lorenzo (meatizo^ artilleryman) : transferred from mil. to episc. prison, 39, 
t66f 167. 

Magno^ Pedro (sec priest) : acts as notary, 98, 275. 

Magol: king of Surat, 35, 21a 

Magomat (Mahomat, Moro chief) : trades with Legazpi, J, 141. 

Magsanop, Juan (chief) : incited to, and joins conspiracy, 38, 205-209. 

Magtangaga (chief in Luz6n) : leads insurrection, 43f 79* 

Maguimey (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, reduce, 37, 248. 

Maguin (Maguin y Taviran or Tabiran, vilL in Luz6n) : status (xS9x)» 8, no; 
Span, reduce, 9, 82. 

Maguno (Fil. chief) : meets Legazpi, 3, 233. 

Mahaban: Zambal vill., 5, X03. 

Mahalat See Malate. 

Mahanguin (vill. in Marinduque) : Jes. in, 44, 42. 

Mahanlur (vill. in Panay) : Camuoones raid, 95, X54. 

Mahar (vilL of Luz6n) : its trade, ai, 89. 

Maharlu (encomienda) : status (xS9x)f S, X34, 135. 

Mahayhay (Mahahay, Mahaihai, Mahauay, Mahayay, Mahayhai, Mahiyhiy, 
Maihai, Majayjay, vill. in Laguna) : location, 13, 189; pop. (1582), 5i 89; status 
(x59x), 8, xx6; Chin, bum, 99, 237, 25X; Span, pursue Chin, insurgents, 245; as- 
signed to Pedroza, 34, 308; clove culture in, 35, 302; Jes. in, 17, 202; Fran, in, 
98, 147, 38f >8x, 308, 36, 217, 40, 332; in Manila see, 98, xxx; native confra- 
ternity meets in, 8J, 47, 93. 

Mahe (India): British reduce (1761), 49, 44. 

Mahinog (vill. in Mindanao): status (1878), 98, 344. 

Mahomet (Mahoma, founder of Mahometanism [9.^.]): vows to, 95, 154, 96, 266, 
37> 267; mosque of, Chris, consecrate, 97, 269; mosque, used as barracks, 269; 
his birth celebrated, 43, 260, 261. 

Mahomet Serpudin (sultan of J0I6) : hostile to Span., 50, 68. 

Mahomete (Mahomate, Chris. Moro): aids Span., 3, 96, 98; visits his kinfolk, 96. 

Mahometans and Mahometanism (Moslems and Islamism) : false religion 4, 154, 
17'* 9> 3<H» ^^11* name for heathen, 3, 93; hostile to Chris., and depredations by, 
18, 339, 91, 234, 250, 287, 99, 296, 93, 87, 94, X65, 95, 89, 99, 72, 87, 4I» SX«f 
3x2, 3x5, 321; live in concubinage with Chris., 38, 71; trade with heathens, 5I» 
85; insincere, 3, 210; cruel, 99, 95, 1x7; obstinate, 44, 67; laws, ceremonies, and 
beliefs of, 4, xso^ 7, 69, 93, 185, x86, X99, 97, 272, 3x9, 33, 227, 23X, 267, 354, 
355i 40> 132, X33i X47, 48, x6x; inhab. of Luzdn do not practice law of, 3, X4X; 
penalties of, 50, 33; civil duties in Mindanao, 51, 84; priests (kasis, panditas, 
etc), 4, 150, X51, 9, 284, 285, 95, 89, 38, 134, I37» 40, 4*. 13a, 133; their Sabbath, 
39, 36, 43, 149; mosques, 4, 168, 169, 4a, i54; relics, in J0I6, 40, 132, 133; dress, 
3x5; polygamists, 19, 23, 295, 296, 41, 321; called Moros (Moors) by Span., i, 
35, 3S, ^, 207, 43, Z43; Span, break power in Spain, i, 34, 3, 274, 6, 59, 60; Port, 
hostile to, 59, 60; cause for advance in E. is., i, 34; extent in E. is., 35; propaganda 
in various places, 9, 156, X87, 3, 142, X65, 4, 15, 66, X50, X77, X78, 234, 5, aas, 
6, X46, 7, XX, 48, 49, 8, 74, 9, XX5, 304, 19, 2x3, 14, 281, 322, 16, X34, 135, 222, 
24X, 91, 202, 250, 251, 97, 70, 35, 66, 67, 38, 70, 40, X24, X30-X32; converts to, 
I, 34* 74, 4, ^^, >5<^ <^, 2'7f ^o, X02, X48, 33t 354; in various places and among 



534 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mahometans 

Mahometans and Mahombtanum (oootiiioed) — 

various peoples, i, 34, 35, 331, a, 301, 308, 3x5, 3. H'. x8i, 196, axo» 300, 4, 68, 
234, 284, 6, 57, 199, 7, 48, 143, 9, 1x5, X64, 165, aao^ aax, 10, 2x9, aas, aa6, 
285, 286, II, 202, la, 137, 202, 293, 296, 13, X3o^ X46, 14, 1x5, 281, 322, 16, 135, 

18, loi, 183, 19, 285, ai, X28, X38, aa, xx6, X34, 295, 93, X65, 185, x86, X98, a4, 
178, as, X54, a7, XX4, 261, 282, 3x8, 3x9, a8, 99, 28x, 31, xso^ 33, 227, 350, 354, 
3S5i 34, 43i 73, X07, x68, 35, XH. «53» 292, 36, X96, X97, X99, 38, 134, 137, 
39, 22, 40, X30, 179, 3x3, 41, 321, 323, 43, 15^, X74» 43, 256, 48, X99, 200, 49, 
228, 51, 84; advance in Phil, checked, i, 34, 6, 285, 10, 285, 286, 16, X35, 43, 
285, 286; danger from, if enters China, 6, X99, 2x6; preaching of, prohibited in 
Phil, 4, X54, 34, 2x, 237, 35, 102; Span, laws rdg., 6, 57, 58, 66, 67, 45, 77; «- 
pulsion from Mindanao impossible, 44, 65 ; difficult to convert, 24, 46 ; many still 
to be converted, 36, X7; Jes. convert, 38, X2x; relapse to, 48, x6x; Span, desire 
to convert, 43, 174; scandalized by civil, ecc conflict, as, x8a S^ also Ma- 
homet; and Moros. 

Mahrattas (people in India): capture Bassein, 18, 205; expelled from Salaette Is., 

45. $2. 
Mahuban: 5, 97. See Mauban. 
Maibun (Moro stronghold) : location, 5a, 343. 
Maillard Toumoo, Cii\<m Tomis (Thomas, Card.): papal legate to China, 17, 

294; in Phil., a8, xx8, xx9, 41, X97, 44, X4, X43, X48, 51, 308; his actions rdg. 

sec. sem., and usurpation of prerogatives, a8, XX9, 45, x8, x88, X89, X92, X98, 50, 

139. 
Mails. See Posts and mails. 

Maingdanao: 33, 239, 24X, 355. See Magindanao. 

Mainit (Mainit, Maynit, Till, in Luzdo) : pay trib. to SpaxL, 37, 248; FraxL in, a8, 

X47, x68. 
Mainit (Mainit, Maynit, vill. in Mindanao): Mamanuas inhabit, 43, 275; Rec. in, 

a8, 152, X75; ceded to Jes., 343. 
Mainit (Majmit, vill. in Banton Is.) : Rec in, a8, X52, X75. 
Maire (Lemaire), Isaac le (Dutch merchant) : promotes ezped. to S. Seas, 18, 280. 
Maire (Lemaire), Jacques (Jakob) le (Dutch navigator): makes exped. in S. Seas, 

15, 330, i^, 280; death and sketch, 15, 330, 18, 280. 
Maire, Maximilian le (Dutch gov. of Formosa) : his term there, 35, X48, 149. 
Malabag (Malabago, vill. in Luzdo) : gold in, 3, 223; Jes. in, 13, X95, 17, 2ox. 
Malabago (vill. in Bohol) : Jes. in, 38, 87. 
Malabang (vill. in Mindanao) : location, a9, x62. 
Malabar (Malabar Coast, dist. in India) : boundary of Greater India, 33, 333; Port. 

spoken in, 50, X7X; products and mfres., 3, 77, a7, 94-97, 50, 48; coins in, 19, 

316; fort in, 17, 266; trade, 34, i75, 4^, XX7, 47, 257, 50, X54; Jes. in, 17, 264, 

19, 48, 49, 50, 3x4. See also Malabars. 

Malabars (Malavars, inhab. of Malabar): habitat, 34, X39, 4a, X52; shrewd and 
intelligent, 152; occupations, 152, X53; Mahometans, 174; contact with Christianity, 
154, 44, 37; epidemic attacks, 4a, 234; in Port service, a, X52, 4, 222; attack Port 
ships, a9, 24; influence Fil., 40, 289; reside in Manila, 44, 29; in Span, service, 
47, 235, 50, 72; desert Brit., 49, 91. See also, Malabar. 

Malabon (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. school in, 46, 362. 

Malabohoc (MaIaboh6c, Malabooch, vill. in Bohol) : Jes. in, a8, 88, X5X, 171, 38, 87. 

Malaca, Henrique de: 33, 326. See Enrique. 

Malacas (Fil. name) : meaning, 13, 200. 



Malatc] INDEX 535 

MalacaniD (ettate in Phil.) : tallow-treet planted at, 59, 318, 319. 

Malacca (Malaca, Malica, Milaca, Malach, Malacha, Milaka, diit and city of 
Malay Peninsula) — 

In general: location, distances to, etc., i, 26, 207, 308, a, 314, 227, 4, 62, 65, 
7, 221, la, 191, 203, 17, X39, 19, 33, aa, 127, 31, 103, 3a, 268, 33, 3^2t 36, 
103, 40, 306, 307; in Span, demarc., i, 143, 207, 209, 2x0, 309; line of demarc 
cuts, 4, X45; way-station, 6, 78, 79, 207, 3x1, 3x5, 32X, 7, 72, 75, 97, 9, 260, 15, 
X82, 246, 3x9, 16, 206, x8, 89, 33, 33, 36, XXX ; is. near, 40, 43; view of city, 
4, 63, 17, 26x, 36, 45; spice station, x, 27; importance, 309, 19, 292; unhealthy, 
34t 159; natives of, a, 30^ 4, 222, 33f 326; calendar, 17, 252, 262; slavery in, 
I, 326, 13, X92, x8, 25, 3x8, 19, X9, 264; original home of Tag., 40, x6, 306, 
307; early hist., 33, 33^; tradt, i, 305, 326, 3, 182, 6, X52, 204, 8, x8o, 292, 9f 
197, 10, 70, 15, 319-3221 16, X76, X84, X85, 17, x8x, 18, 25, 3x8, 19, 19, 264, 
304. 3"» 3", 3x5, ao, 99, 33, 35f «7, 94*96, xoo, 34. 41. X2X, 377; table of wts. 
in, 18, X42; customs duties, 19, 3x1, 3x2, 33, 35; religion, Mahometanism in, 
^f 34. 4. 150. 6, X99, 37, 70; contact with Chris., 6, 64, 7, 8x, 9. ^5. »67. 3«9. 
16, 247, 17, 2io^ 252, 261, 262, 18, 89, 2x5, 252, 33, 26X, 34, 5X, 254, 39, 24, 
X22, 31, X04, 267, 268, 35, 292, 3x3, 3x7, 36, 70, 7x, 73, 38, 70. 44. 97; bp. of, 
writes to Manila, 9, 20x. 

Relations with various peoples ^Yon.^ X, 25, X42, 297, 3, X43, 4, 65, X74, 220, 
22X, 223, 225, 226, 5. 6x, 6, 58, 7, 8x, 8, X76, X92, 9, 166, X5, 43, X57, 220, 285, 
x6, x6o, 285, X7, X45, 254, 255, 267, 268, 275, 37, 360, 34, 18, 39. 139. »53, 209, 
4a, 136, 217; Span., X, 30X, 3, 67, XX7, 4, 2x6, 6, X96, 204, 8, xSo, 236, 10, 48, 
228, II, X25, 13, X98, 15. lox, 247, 16, X76, X84, 245, 264, 17. 2x, x8x, 262, 270, 
278, 290, 18, xx8, X97, 19, X7, X64, 207, 208, 2x3, 227, 30, 50^ 5X, 99, XXX, 33, 42, 
98, 34, X4, 2x9, 3X, XX, xox, 34, 396, 397, 35, 299, 36, 65; Chin., 3. 182, 15, 78; 
Borneans, 4, 22x, 223; Moluccan prince at, 4, 229; Moros (Malays), 6, 58, 17, 
255-259. 268, 270-272, 33, 12, 13, 88-90, 97, 31, 104, 40, 49; Cambodians, 9, x6i, 
172, 15, 141, 146; Siamese, 9, 197, 15, 80, 34, 207; Dutch, 15, 3", 3x3, 323, ^3, 
215, 33, 91, 39, X97, 35, 12, X5, 115, 1x6, X28, 130, 152, 176, X82, 36, 71, 38, 70; 
ships sail for India, 34, 51; relations with various is., 34, 41, X2x; Turks attack, 
4x; relations with Tag., 377, 40, 16, 306; transferred to Brit, 39, 92. 

Malaela (Sirela, chief) : dethroned, 15, 54. 

Malaga (Milaga, Malega, Spain): natives of, 3, 47; arsenal in, 16, 139; official 
in, 33, 31; Pigafetta at, 33, 29. 

Malaga, Ignacio (Ygnacio), S.J.: life and labors, 47, 245, 248, 48, X49. 

Malagueg (Malaguey): 17, 212, 30, 320. See Malaueg. 

Malaguicay (vill. in Leyte) : pop., 17, 203; Jes. in, 203, 38, 90, 36, 55. 

Malilag: reduction in Mindanao, 43, 243. 

Malampaya ( Malampiiyan, vill. in Paragua) : location, 49, 30; Mor. destroy, 36, 
179; Rec in, 38, 175. 

Malanao (dist in Mindanao): sultan hides in, 4, 200; Jes. in, 38, 97. 

Malandeg (Malande, Malandi, vill. in Mindanao): location, 38, 133; Jes. in, 36, 
57, 40, 163, 44, 93. 

Malasinglo (vill. in Luz6n) : timber-cutting, 38, 142. 

Malasique (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, 38, 159, 174. 

Malate (Maalat, Mahalat, Malahat, Malata, Malatte, vill. near Manila): loca- 
tion, 36, 91, 49, 48; pop. (1893), 33, 281; roads, 16, 36; powder-house near, X39, 
44, X42; summer resort, 33, 280; belongs to crown, 5, 89; Span, reduce, 9, 84; 
Brit, in, 49, 18, 84, xi2, 120, 205; Pampangos attack, 122; monument at, 50, 61; 



536 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [MalatC 

Malatb (condoued) — 
spiritual admin, in, 8, 43, 53; nuM*! renunred from, 58; Aug. in, 16, 144, J3» 
214, ago, a8x, J4, 30, 73, 80^ 85, x6o, aSt i5X» X57. «^ no, x^St 36, 91, 37t «^5t 
178, 222, 223, 236, 237, 254; curaqr in, Tacant, J8, 231; church in, demoliahed, 
36, 246; Brit seize, 49, 1x2, 205. 

Malate (Maletec) : chief in Leyte, J, 204; old and blind, 205. 

Malaaeg (Malagueg, Malaguey, Malaoeg, Malaikg, Malauig, Malaveg, dist and 
vill. in Luz6n): Till of, 31, 264; revolt in, 264-27Z, 3 J, 123, 43, 74, 79; misa. 
work in, 17, 212, a8, 159, 174, 30, 320^ $1, 264-271, 3a, xa3» 43> 74. ^h «3- 

Mai aver, Antonio (Span. adTenturer): in India and Camboja, 15, 186, 187, 244; 
escapes, 244. 

Malayo (Maliyo, port in Ternate) : location, J J, 94, 40, 307; is. near, 43; Span, 
exped. to, planned, 17, 275; Dutch in, 18, X04, 19, 6c^ 275, JO, 155, J9, 147, 
^4, 330, 331, 336, 37, ¥h 43, 3i4» 35, ayx; Moro, king in, J4, 333; gov. oi, 35, 
271; Jes. in, 4J, 125. 

Malays (Malayans, inhabitants of Sfalay Peninsula, and Oriental Is.): origin, 
34, 174, 40, lo^ 38, 306, 43, «x; migrations of, 36, 198-200, 40, 43. 347, 34^, 
51, 80, 88, 93; dominate eastern archipelagoes, 36, 199, 200; language, possess 
written, 43, 122; alphabet derived from Arabs, 40, 49; written in roman char- 
acters, 34, 163; Sanskirt elements in, 36, 198; extent, 43, 118, 1x9; S. Amer. 
lang. compared with, XX9, x2o; oldest specimen extant, 34, x6x; Phil. lang. re- 
semble, 40, 32X, 51, 88; spoken by many Fil., a, 2x2; Moluocans use, x6, 223; 
Mor. use, 43, 267; words, a, X4X, 246, 3, 97, 4, »o7, 10, 6x, 33, 349, 43, 165, 46, 
45-47, 51, 129; blood friendship among, a, 1x5; headhunters, 40, X23; fond of 
cockiighting, ss^ 351; stain teeth black, 34, x88; treacherous, 97, 275; piratical, 43, 
183; eat sago sparingly, 34, X55; dress, 40, X42; boats, 39, X42; fortifications, 
^7* 275; weapons, 98, 55, 35, 69; method of hunting, 38, 91; goldsmiths, 44, 
287; their gold, 7, 105; sailors, 40, 25X; value jars, 39, 301; slaves among, x, 
29, 98, 47; in various places, i, 38, 9, X98, x6, 74, 222, J3, 1^3, ^9, >4^ 3X, 
204, 33, 1X3, 33, 365, 34, x66, 168, 35, 153, 36, 174, 37, 344, 40, 3S, 4^, 43, 
X78, 268, 44, 29, 51, 80; various peoples descended from, j8, 96, 36, X98, 40, 
x6, X23, 192, 285, 306, 307, 3x5, 43, 39, 47, ^89; inferior to Joloans, j8, 47; Joloan 
houses compared to Malayan, 43, 147, X48; Joloan women resemble Malayan, 163; 
relations with Joloans, 38, 54, J9, 45, 43, x6x; pay trib. to Negritos, 43, 1x5; 
emigrations of, destroy Neg., 51, 80; Neg. compared with, 87; trade relations, 
97, 92, 40, 307, 51, X59. Social and rel. status, x, 19, 20; fickle in religion, 
38; pagans, 328, 40, 298, 43, 374; Mahometans, 3, axo, 300, 4, X50, 284, 31. 
150; hate Chris., X79; tribes of, reduced to Christianity, x, 48; their debt to 
clergy, 74; relations with Port, 17, 261, J3, X2, 88-90^ 33, 3^; with Span., X5, 
20, x88, 189, x6, 269, X7, 2x, Ja, 192, 93, 9, 90, J8, 55, 3X, xso^ 151, 33, 37«. 
36, 237, 41, 3x3, 4^, 245, 5X, X59, 5a, 256; with Cambodians, X5, X47-X49, X5X, 
187-190, x6, 269, 31, X75; with Dutch, aa, 192, 4X, 306; with Eng., 4, x8, 39, 
92; constitute race problem for Amer., i, 19, 2a See also the various Malay 
tribes and peoples; and Pirates. 

Malayos: appellation of Moluccans (9-^0 , 4^, 94. 

Malcampo, — (Span, minister) : decree by, 46, X42. 

Malcampo y Monje, Josi (gov. of Phil., X874-77) : exped. against Mor., a4, 37, 
43, 285, 286; sketch, X7, 309. 

Maldonado, — (Span.) : enters Port service, i, 2x6. 

Maldonado, Licen. — : oidor of Mex., 10, 270. 



Malo] INDEX 537 

Maldonado, — (member of roy. council) : ligns decree, 34, 239. 

Maldonado, — (Span, alf.) : in Mindanao, 35, 66» 

Maldonado, Capt Alonso (Span, encomendero^ and official) : acta at witness, 7, 

46; service, 133; his encomienda, 8, 105. 
Maldonado, Antonio (or Francisco, Span.) : in Japan, 15, 260, 263. 
Maldonado, Antonio Rivera. See Rivera Maldonada 

Maldonado, Bernardino del Castillo Ribera y. See Castillo Ribera y Maldonada 
Maldonado, Diego: participates in festival, 93, 57, 6x (see also Larias Maldonado). 
Maldonado, Diego de Anaya. See Anaya de Maldonado. 
Maldonado, Diego Larias. See Larias Maldonado. 
Maldonado, Fernando Centeno. See Centeno Maldonado. 
Maldonado, Francisco Antonio, O.S.A.: order entrusted to, 49, 301. 
Maldonado, . Capt. Gabriel: drowned, 15, 23a 
Maldonado, Juan, O. St. J. of G.: sketch, 47, 197. 
Maldonado, Juan Pacheco. See Pacheco Maldonado. 
Maldonado, Luis, O.S.F.: app. bp. of N. C tores, 9, 153. 
Maldonado, Manuel (gov. of Phil., June, 1869) : sketch, 17, 308. 
Maldonado, Licen. Marcos (canon) : signs letter, 13, 140. 
Maldonado, Melchor: treas., 14, 82. 

Maldonado, Pablo, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 37, 215, 219; death, 222. 
Maldonado, Dr. Rodrigo (Span, ambassador): letter of authorization to, i, xi5-z2a 
Maldonado de Berrocal (Borrocal, Verrocal), Capt Juan (Span, encomendero) : 

signs and witnesses doc, a, 155, 177, 181, 319, 322, 3, 117; his marriage, 11, 97. 
Maldonado del Castillo, Juan (Span, official) : signs letter, 6, 246. 
Maldonado de Castro, Capt Juan: signs letter, 6, 240. 
Maldonado de Puga, Juan Manuel, O. St J. of G.: his labors, 47, 195, 215-223. 

See also Books. 
Maldonado de San Pedro Martir, Juan (Joan), O.Pf: life and labors, 15, 19-22, 

185, 187-189, 244-247, 30, 120, 124, 125. 
Malgandon (encomienda) : falls vacant, 7, zi8. 
Malias (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 14, 297. 
Maliguo (vill. in Mindoro) : Rec in, 41, 179, 238. 
Malimbung (heathen divinity) : etymology, 43, 221. 

Malinao (Malinio, vill. and dist. in Luz6n) : status (1591), 8, 123; assigned in en- 
comienda, 34* 308, 309; curacy, a8, 154, 164; Fran, in, 36, 217. 
Malinas (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 35, 286; hot springs in, 303; Fran, in, 286. 
Malinog (Malinug, Molenu, chief in Mindanao) : insurrection incited by, 46, 39, 

40, 44-48, 47, 248; assassinate sultan, 46, 45, 46; his negotiations with Dutch, 

46, 40, 56. 
Malinta (vill. in Luz6n) : Rec commits atrocities in, 39» X44- 
Maliongliong (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, 43, 77. 
Maliuag (Fil. name) : meaning, 13, zoo. 

Mallares, J. Severiano (Fil. sec. priest): causes assassinations, 40, 224. 
Mallat, Jean (French physician and colonial agent): in Spain, i, 41; in Phil., 41, 

72; Bourne's estimate of, 41. See also Books. 
Mallen, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 
Mal-luyan (headman of Simal) : Gisbert visits, 43, 251. 
Malobohoc (vill. in Bohol) : Jes. in, 36, 55. 
Malo de Luque, Eduardo: nom de plume of Span, writer, 53, 345. (Anagram, 

from Duque de Almodovar, q.v. under Books.) 



538 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Malolos 

Malolos (vilL in Luzdn) : Li-han identified as, 34, 186; pop^ 5, 85, 8, X03, J3, 263, 
51, 199; status (1591), 8, 103; insurgent congress meets in, 38, 366, 367; value 
of land in, sa, 4a, 43; Aug. in, 8, 103, 17, 192, J3. 263, 285, J4f 74» x^ «74» 
aS, 130, 165, 37i J»6o, 4a, 152. 

Mal6Dg, Andres (Fil. chief in Span, service) : his participation in insurrection 
against Span. (i66o-6z), 38, 163-210, 41, XX-Z3, 60-85; his followers, 38, x66, 
168, 200, 201, 41, 12, 60, 69; kills Pampangos, 38, 173; threatens chiefs, 183; 
proclaimed king, 41, 66, 67, 72, 73; treatment of, and negotiations with rel., 38, 
185, 41, 13, 63, 70, 75, 76; flight, 38, 177, 41. «a; betrayed, 38, 178; captured 
and shot, 172, 210, 41, 13, 83, 85; dies a Chris., 38, 180. 

Mal6ng, Carlos (brother of Andres) : leaves insurgents, 38, i8a 

Malonor (vill. in Panay) : revolt in, 38, 2x7-223; pagan priests in, 217; Aug. in, 
37, 224, 38, 2x7. 

Malope (chief) : Span, kill, 15, xx2. 

Malosa (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 36, 245. 

Malta, Knights of: 33, 274. See Orders: Hospital -St John of God. 

Maluacan (dist in Ilocos [error for Narvacan?]): pop. (X582), 5, X09. 

Maluco: Dutch fort in Temate, x8, Z07, xo8. 

Malulubug (vill. in Samar) : pop., 17, 205; Jes. in, 205. 

Malumbres, Julian, O.P.: archivist, 47, 332. 

Malunguey (Malonguey, Malongufy, vill. in Luz6n) : location, 37, 169; insurrec- 
tion in, 38, x62, 172, 179; DonL in, a8, X59, X74. 

Malvenda, Thomas, O.P.: approves book, la, 174. 

Mamanuas (Manbanua, Malayan tribe in Mindanao): meaning of term, 43, 274; 
habitat, 275 ; pop., 275 ; description, characteristics, etc, 274, 275. 

Mamaylan: vill. in Negros, 5, 47. 

Mambajao (vill. in Mindanao): status (X878), 38, 344. 

Marobau (vill. in Luz6n [Maubin?]): location, 98, 285. 

Mambong (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, 43, X52. 

Mambulao (vill. in Camarines) : gold mines of, exam., 51, 24, 25. 

Maroburao (Mamburio, Mambiirao, Mamburau, Mambura6, vill. in Mindoro) : 
Salcedo attacks and sacks, 3, X43, 38, 3x4, 41, x6o, 236; natives bum, 3, X43; 
Mor. in, 50, 34, 55; Rec. in, 41, x8o, 238. 

Mambusao (Mambusao, Manbusao, dist and vill. in Panay): status (X59X), 8, 
X34; Aug. in, 33, X2X, 2x6, 34, 8x, 140, X46, 38, x5o^ x66, 37, x66, 38, 2x6; ceded 
to sec, 33, 2x6. 

Mamelukes (inhab. of Egypt) : aid Mor., 6, 59. 

Mamicoan ( Visayan chief) : pleads for justice, 34, 275 ; Chris., 275. 

Mammals — 

In general: Phil, poor in, 3i, 3x1. 
Various kinds enumerated — 

Anta, identified, 33, 295; confused with llama, 295; flesh resembles beef, 4X. 
See also below, Tapir. 
Ant-eater (Manisj pangolin), described, 3i, 226, 227. 
Armadillos, found in Phil., 31, 3XX. 

Asses, habitat, i, 330, 15, X43; brought to Phil, from China and N. Espana, 
16, 90; use, 15, 143; Chin, trade, 16, x8o. 
Auchenia, 3, 34. See below, Guanaco. 
Badgers, numerous in Phil., 16, 92. 



Mammals] index 539 

Bats (PUropi), found in various is., 33, 133, 331, 39, 83; described, 83; used 
for food, 33, 133; defile church, 17, 57. 

Bears, in Phil., 16, 236; in Fil. plays, i, 82. 

Cagri, ai, 227. See below. Lemur, flying. 

Camels (dromedaries), their use, 16, 224; llamas (g.v.), resemble, 33, 295. 

Castor, etymology of word, 34, 173; in China, 137. 

Cats, in Phil., a, 65, 145, 5, 6x, 33, 133, 187, 43, 270; none in Palaos Is., 41, 
50; m. do not care for, 40, 203; eaten in famine, a, 145; in ship, 13, 1x9; destroy 
rabbits, 16, 92; rear rats, 24, 95; devil takes form of, 3a, 23; sorcerer takes 
form of, 43, X08. 

Cattle, herds destroyed during war, 49, 229; Pangasinans own herds, 267; 
none in Guam, a, 1x2; sent to Marianas Is., 5a, 336; reared in, and found in 
various parts of Phil., 4, 176, 7, x6, 8, 48, 289, 9, 60, la, 191, 14, 15, 303, 307, 
16, 43, 89, 118, 234, aa, 84, a3, 159, 263, ^s, 50, 27, 81, a8, 89, 31, 56, 36, 95, 
aoi, 38, 43t 48, 39, 81, 87t 43, x6i, 189, 49, 3*, 33, 38, «8o» i8«, 5©, 198, 2$!, 
252, 51, 12, 32, 87 (wild) ; in other places, 4, 226, 6, 26, 223, xa, 191, 16, 89, 
90, 33* 231, 49, 33; introduced into Phil., la, 191, 39, 87, 49, 33; needed in 
Phil., 6, 171, 7, 16, 8, 270; Fil. should raise, XI, 268; not reared by Manilant, 
51, 77; Fil. cease to raise, and decrease in, XI, 94, 287, a3, 160; rearing en- 
couraged, 50, 251, 252; farms or ranches, 14, 15, 156, 157, a4, 81, a6, 296, 298, 
299, 35, 288, 296, 36, 95; black, 8, 270; characteristics of Chin., 16, 89, 90; 
horned, 93; pasturage and fodder, 5, 292, 8, 289, a9, 233, 34, 249; used in sac- 
rifice, ai, 273; beasts of burden, a3, 263, 285; used as food, 48, 88; sold, must 
not kill, 4, 217; grants and gifts of, 9, 237, 16, 283, 45, iS«, ^8, 66, 75, 77, 79, 129, 
134, 5a, 303; demanded by savages, 48, 132; necessary to natives, 51, 92, 93; 
ownership of, 10, 85, 276, 47, 166, 174, 201, 50, 303, 304; trib. paid in, li, 94; 
must be confined, 14, 157; Dutch seize, ancl abandon, 35, 261, 262, 269; Span, 
destroy, 46, 39; hides, 38, 168, 51, 142; god of, 43, 294; in trade and barter, 
16, 128, 19, 159. *52, ao, 279, a3, 279, 31, $6, 40, 360. 47, 257. 50, 154; value 
of tenths on, 19, 249; tithes on, aa, 84; cheap, 38, 48; calves, 35, 288; bulls, 7, 
156, 9, 236, 15, 302, ao, 274, 34, 322, 38, 282, 47, 29; cows, 4, 191, 6, 149, 223, 
27o» 302, 7, 35, 156, 9, 236, 10, 296, la, 281, 15, 302, 16, 271, ao, 274, a3, 210, 
28, 252, 39, 296, 35, 299, 39, 66, 67, 71, 72 (wild), 40, 203, 215, 51, 142, 53, 
321; oxen (bullocks), i, 330, 39, 87, 43, 27a carbaos (buffaloes, water-buf- 
faloes), name, la, 188, 16, 80; fresh or dried flesh, la, 188; resembles Ital. 
buffalo, 7, 227; described, la, 188; requires frequent bathing, 51, 128; bullocks 
better than, 128; habitat, 3, 180, 195, 297, 4, 67, 98, 6, 149, 205, 223, 7, 38, 41, 
8, 251, 14, 301, 15, 302, 16, 90, 234, 19, 280, 281, ai, 197, 37, 81, 38, 254, 30, 
272, S3y 231, 34, "9, 121, 224, 381, 383, 35, 299, 36, 201, 37, 170, 38, 48, 282, 
283, 39, 87, 43, 142, 161, 51, 126, 141; abundant, 6, 149, 205, 14, 301, 15, 302, 
16. 90, 234, 19, 280, 281, 37, 81, 34, 224, 380, 381, 383, 37, 170, 38, 48, 39, 87; 
wild, 5, 105, 37, 170 (mountain), 51, 141; domestic, 3, 55, 5, 169, 7, 16, 156, 
16, z8o; should be bred and domesticated, 6, 171; crossed with domestic cattle, 
38, 48; hunted, 5, 105, 19, 281, 38, 27, 48, 91; used as food, 6, 51, 7, 34, 227, 
10, 20, 305, 16, 80, 38, 27, 28, 68, 39, 27, 6x, 43, 264, 44, 57, 47, 256, 295, 48, 
305, 306; flesh compared to beef, 7, 227; forms wealth of natives, 51, 92; used in 
work, 7, 156, 16, 180, 43, 44, 138, 270, 47, 256, 48, 28, 49, 229, 51, 127, 128, 
53, 307; sacrificed, 30, 274; anitos take form of, 31, 35; god of, 43, 294; stolen 
and seized, 36, 295, 40, 215, 49, 229; not seizable for debt, 53, 293; prize given 



540 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mammals 

Mammals (oondnued) * 
for, 321; in trade and barter, 3, 57, 6, 150^ 10, 396, 14, 30s, 16, loa, xSo; horn, 

^» 69, 3, 57» 8, 8af x6, 81, 103; hide, 3. i8i| 34> a97» 39. x<H. xo5. 5i, «4i. '4^; 
milk, x6, 90. 

Civet cats, habitat, 3, 197, 5, 6x, 63, 167, 91, 197, 41, 34, 343; numerous, 6, 
X49, 15, 303, 19, a8a, J9, 297, 35t 302f 3^1 ^S; described, 29, 302; castor resem- 
bles, 34, 137; as trib^ 4, 299; civet obtained from, xa, 313 (see also. Perfumes, 
civet); taken to Mex., 39, 301; spread and destroy coffee plants, 51, 130; in 
trade, x6, X05, 184, 236. 

Colcobos, habitat, ax, 3x1. 

Deer, found in various places, J, 65, 223, 3, 5^» X9^» a97. 4, 67, 98, 5, 45. 47i 
7, 3S, 41, M7, 8. a5«. x«. «88. a8i, ai, 226, J7» 8«, «»» 89, 33, »th 35, a99, 3«. 
283, 43, 14a, 49, 33, 38, 51, 87; abundant, 6, 149, 205, X4, 301, 302, x6, 234, 
18, 98, 99, 19, 283, Jl, 197, 308, 39, 297, 34, 380, 381, 383, 36, 20X, 37, 170» 

38, 48, 39, 47; none in Palaos Is., 4X, 50; hunted, 4, X9X, xo, 84, la, 2x7, 17, 
68, 34, X05, X06, J9, 278, 29X, 38, 9X, 48, 9x; «»«1 «• ^«xi, '6, 80, 40, 304, 47, 
256. *95, 48, 303, 305, 30^; reptiles prey on, XJ, 259, JJ, 298, J9, 30X, 35, ^99; 
epidemic destroys, 43, 234; in trade, 6, X50, 33, 299; Fil. likened to, 4, 84; in 
funerals, 7, X94, X95; skins, 10, 84, 48, 303; sinews, 303; beaoars found in, 38, 

52, 53. 

DicoiyUs torquaiui, described, 33, 297, 298. See also below, Peccari, and 
Tayasu. 

Dogs, in various places, 3, 65, 5, 6x, 33, i33, X87, 30X, 35, ^99, 43, a7o; none 
in Mindanao, 39, 72; none in Palaos Is., 4X, 50; Fil. do not care for, 40, 203; 
hunting, 9, 77, 34, X05-X07, 39, 29X, 48, 96; Eng., 38, 264; used as food, 30, 
279, 33, X43; superstition rdg., 30, 299, 40, 77, 78, 34X, 47, 308; Fil. treated 
like, 10, 79; devour wounded man and corpses, X3, X07, 49, xx6; used as decoy, 
13, 2x3; crocodiles eat, 38, 40; hostile to them, 40; disturb cows, 33, 160; set 
upon Jes., 36, 266; hostile to Span., 40, 249. 

Dragons, Chin, emblem, 34, X72; belief rdg., 43, tt2. 

Dugong {Helicon australis, pexemuHer), described, 39, 302, 303, 3S, 29. 

Elephants, in various places, 4, X76, 297, 5, 63, 7, 48, 15, i43f ^8, 98, 33t 
2x5, 2x7, 22X, 23X, 34, X3X, 27X, 285, 43, X83; none in Phil., 51, X4x; as trib., 4, 
x6, 236, 237; as presents, 9, 76, X63, X65, X76, X97, 10, X7X, X5, 68, 80, 8x, X27, 
16, 255; used in war, X5, 78, 85, 31, 95, 97; men thrown to wild, X5x; tusks, 9, 
«65, X97, 31, isx. 

Foxes, in various places, 16, 92, 236, 33, 67; Jap. superstition rdg., 34, 243; 
eat corpses, 49, xx6; stink, described, 3i, 3XX. 

Galeopithecus philippinensis. See above, Cagri, and below Lemur, flying. 

Goats, in various places, 3, 202, 3, 55, 74, X97, »«», ^97, 5, 45, 73, 75, "05, 
X69, 6, 223, 7, 49, 8, 25X, 10, 55, 69, 33, 13s, «53, 205, 207, 23X, 34, 69. X07, 
X15, X19, I2X, 35, ^99, 38, 283, 39, 87; abundant, 6, X49, 205, 15, 3oa» i^. ^34, 

39, 297, 34, an, 381, 3S, 48, 39, 99; i«- named for, 39, 97; rapid breeders, la, 
x88; conditions in Phil, unfavorable for, 16, 90; as trib., 4, 299, 7, X91; as food, 
16, 90, 33, 350, 39, «o2, 43, 264; snakes eat, 51, X42; as presents, 33, i47, ^H, 
34, 61; as ransom, 33, 235, 340; sacrificed, 34, 322, 48, x6x; in trade and barter, 
13, 119. 33, 153, 265, 35, 86, 38, 68, 39, 97, «o8, X09; Span, exhaust supply, 3, 
202; Mor. kill in Span, churches, 4, 36; buried with dead, 7, X94, X95; golden 
(?), 14, 298; kids, 6, 90, 10, 296, 13, x88; hair, 16, X78; skins, 39, zo2. 

Guanaoos (Auchenia, llamas), identified, 33, 30X; confused with tapir, 300; 



Mammals] INDEX 541 

deicribed, X, 314, 315, 33, 53, 55; method of hunting, 57; used ai food, I, 314; 
as present!, 33, 59 ; skins, a, 34, 33, 53. 55- 

Hamac (Tarsius spectrum)^ described, ai, 199, aoa 

Hares. See below, Rabbits. 

Helicwre austraUs, 29, 302. See above, Dugong. 

Horses, in yarious places, 6, 223, 15, 143. 16, 90, j8, 254, 33, a3«f 34. a?'. 
38, 282, 39. 87. 97. 43, 161, 270, 302, 44, 65. 47, 256, 4S. 305. 51, sa. 87. "8; 
none in Phil., 4, 72; FiL do not care for, 40, 203; none in Palaos Is., 41, 50; 
introduced into, and sent to Phil., a, 54, 7, 16, 16, 90, 29, 296, 35, 299; needed 
and desired in Phil., 6, 171, 8, 270, xo, 263, ix, 286; desired in Asiatic countries, 
9, 197, 48, 305, 306; demanded by savages, 132; breeds of, 4, 48, 9, 163, 16, 
91, aa, 53; ownership, 4, 66, 72, 10, 276, 18, 113, ao, 213, 96, 196, 47, 166, 
48, 147, 50, 198, 304; natives should not be encouraged to own, 59, 62; given 
as presents and grants, 4, 48, 7, X57. 9. 77. 163, 165, 237, 10, 172, X5, 68, X9, 45; 
as legacy, 49, 279; cannot be leized for debt, 7, 162; in trade, 6, 270, 302, 304, 
7. 35. X«. «9«. JI3. 1x9. X6, i8o, X8, 113, 19, 315, 38, 68, 39. 97. 50, 154; «««•. 

37, 282, 332, 47, 329; not used for agric., 51, 128; in ceremonies and proces- 
sions, 9, 190^ 191, xo, 135, «36; cavalry, 99, 239, 36, 221, 51. 124; stolen, 36, 
»95. 40, 215; furnishings, etc., J, 192, 4, 51, 7, 227, 15, X34. 16, 179, 19, 44, JJ, 
5'. 53. 55. 5^. 581 59. 37. 282, 4a, 166; converted Jews not allowed to ride, 5, 
363; churches not fit for stables, 7, 70; attacked by reptiles, 16, 93, 51, 142; 
skilful handlers of, 39, 253, 35, 154; god of, 43, 294; rates for hire of, posted, 
50, 197; wild, 5X, 87; hair, x6, 197; stallions, 7, 156, 9, 236; mares, 3. 163, 6, 
a7<^ 7, X5^. 9. x^5. X97. ^36, 10, 263, 276, ix, 286, IJ, 191, 5a, 321; colts, 10, 
876. 

Lemur, flying (cagri, Galeopithecui phUippinensis) , habitat and description, ai, 
198, 199, 227. 

Leopards, found in Phil, (incorrect statement), ai, 311. 

Lions, found in Phil, (incorrect statement), 16, 236; in Champa, 34, 131; in 
Africa, 4a, 216; monkeys resemble, 33» 47; in Fil. drama, i, 82; in heraldry, 9, 
211; skins, aa, 144. 

Llamas, 33, 301. See above, Guanacos. 

Manatee, habitat, 38, 284, 39, 83; as food, 38, 284. See also above, Dugong. 

Manis, ai, 226, 227. See above, Ant-eater. 

Monkeys, habitat, 16, 91, 93, 236, ai, 239, 33, 47, ^97, 35, 299, 38, 283, 43, 
142; abundant, ai, 308; one species only in Phil., 16, 91; on rafts, a9, 310. 

Moschus moschiferus (musk deer), habitat, 34, 173. 

Mules, scarce in Phil., x6, 90; in trade, 180; use, aa, 55, 39, 311, 3X, 231, 3a, 

38, 37. 282- 

Otarridc, the fur seal, 33, 300. 
Pangolin, ai, 227. See above, Ant-eater. 
Paradoxurus musanga, coffee planters dread, 51, 130. 
Paradoxurus philippinensis, coffee planters dread, 51, 130. 
Peccari, in Brazil, 33, 47. See also above, DicotyUs torquatus, and below, 
Tayasu. 
Pejemulier (pexemulier), 38, 29. See above, Dugong. 
Porcupines, in Phil., 16, 90, ai, 311; peccari resembles, 33, 297, 298. 
Porpoises, in Pacific Ocean, a9, 310. 
Pteropi, 33% 33i« See above. Bats. 
Rabbits (hares), habitat, 16, 92, 33, 67; destroyed by other animals, x6, 92. 



542 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mammals 

Mammals (continued) — 

Rats, in Phil., a, 65, 3, 70^ 71, x6, 9a, xi8, x8, 210; on ihipt, 38, 343; used as 
^«Hii ^» i45» 3i 70» ««» H3f «54. 33, 65, 87; reptiles emt, I J, 259, 51, 14^; «upcr- 
stitions rdg., 7, 189, 40, 77, 341; destructive, 16, ii8, ai, 309, 37, 394, 48, 175; 
reared by cat, 34, 95. 

Rhinoceroses, in Lao, 15, 143; none in Phil., 51, 141; horns, teeth, and hoofs, 
in trade, 16, 186. 

Seals, sea-wolves called, 33, 51. See also above, Otarridit. 

Sea-wolves, called seals, 33^ 51 ; described, 51, 53, 300. 

Sheep, in Borneo, X, 330; in China and Phil., 4, 5a, 6, 223, 15, 41, 39, 87; 
in trade, 13, 119, 15, 143; sacrifice, 34> 322; ewes, 16, 90; rams, 90. 

Squirrels {paniquesas), in Phil., 16, 236, ai, 3x2. , 

Swine (hogs, pigs), in various places (both domestic and wild), a, 42, 65, 
lis, "8, «4^i ao2, 204, 223, 261, 3, 55» 169-171, 180, 297, 4, 67, 285, 5, 45» 47t 
67, 101, IDS, 113, 169, 6, 149, 7, 38, 41, 43, 44, 8, 87, 251, 9, 290, 10, 55, 69, 
la, 88, 217, 281, 16, 79, 17, 114, aa, 299, ^s, 50, a7, 81, a8, 89, 31, 367, 33, 
133, 153, 207, 231, 34, 107, 119, "«, 35, 299, 38, 263, 283, 39, 87f 43, 142, a70i 
48, 17s, 49, 31, 33, 34i 38, 51, 141; abundant, 6, 205, 15, 3<a, 19, 280, «i, 308, 
a3, 149, 34, 224, 380, 36, 201, 39, 43, 8x, 85, 99; natives required to rear, lo, 
305, 50, 199; not kept in Manila hotp., 8, 248; should be kept inland, 289; 
method of supplying Manila with, lO, 308-310; hunted, la, 217, 48, 91; Span, 
capture, a3, 153; Mahometans do not keep, and abstain from, 33, 24, 319, 39, 
43, 43, x6i, 187; killed to please Mahom. ruler, 33, 265, 267; sacrificed, a, 139, 
3, 198, «99. 5, 13s, 7, «9ii ao, 274, ai, 203, 204, a9, 286, 33, 167, 337, 38, 217, 
40, 75, 76, 89, 135, 335, 336, 370, 43, 1*4, «a5, a«8, 296; used as food, 3, I99, 
268, 6, 51, 52, 7, 34, 227, la, 217, 15, 107, 111, 16, 80, 89, a3, 168, 177, 33, 103, 
171, 350, 39, 102, 43, 219, 51, 77, 86; serpents eat, 35, 299; in trade and barter, 
3, 57, 4, M5, 6, 150, 10, 296, 305, 14, 302, 15, 296, 16, 102, 106, 18, 304, ^3t 
279, 33f 153, 35, 86, 39, 97, 108, 109. no, 48, 88; as trib., 4, 286, 290, 299, 14, 
291, 293-297, 33, 340; as presents, 30, 277, 33, 123, 147. 38, 263-265; as ransom, 
33, 235; Span, allowed to kill in Borneo, 4, 191; stolen, 34, 260, 35, 269; wild, 
destroyed by epidemic, 4a, 234; occasion dysentery, 51, 77; teeth and tusks 
of, 5, 149, 40, 78; bristles, 39, 43; blood, 47, 303; boars (wild), 3, 56, 
196, 4, 98, 13, 89, 16, 90, 234, 17, 68, ai, 197, 204, 227, 308, M, 298, 299, 34, 
107, 28, 91, 278, 291, 297, 30, 272, 33, 233, 34, 381, 37, 170; *us scropka (javali), 
wild hog, 12, 217. 

Tapir, hide exported, a, 189. See also above, Anta. 

Tarsius spectrum^ ax, 199, 20a See above, Hamac. 

Tayasu (Taga^u), 33, 297. See above DicotyUs torquatus. 

Tezones, in Phil., ax, 311. 

Tigers, none in Phil., 51, 141; in Phil., 16, 236; in folklore, 43, "2; feared 
by natives, 3:^, 188; skins, aa, 144. 

Viverra musangOy 51, 130. See above, Civet cat. 

Whales, found in various waters, 9, 310, 16, 95, a9, 310; exped. for, 9, 308; 
killed by snails, 33, 153; sperm, 41, 295. 

Zebras, guanacos called, 2, 34. 
Mamoia (Mamuyo, vill. in Celebes) : location, 38, 68; ship puts in at, 68. 
Mamuen (name for buyo, q/v.) : how made, 29, 300; use, 300, 301. 
Mana, Licen. — de: gov. ad interim^ a7, 226. 
Manacles. See Fetters. 



Mandayas] index 543 

Manaco (Manacu, vill. in Luz6n) : status (1591), 8, izo; Span, reduce, 9, 84. 

Manacuil, Andr^ (chief in Luz6n) : warns Span., 38, 173. 

Manados (Cauripa, prov. in Celebes) : unhealthful, a8, zoz ; Jes. in, zoi, 4a, 124. 

Managuag (vili. in Luz6n) : Zambals attack, 3a, 206, 207; fortified, 208; Dom. in, 
206-208. 

Manalaga (Manaliga, vill. in Mindanao) : Rec. in, a8, 152, 175. 

Manalartay, — (master-of-camp) : opposes insurgents, 49, 305. 

Manalastas (Pampango chief) : leads sortie, 49, Z2z. 

Manamir (sultan of Mindanao) : assassinated, 46, 45, 46. (Also called, by Forrest, 
Seid Moffat). 

Mananapes (name of people in Mindanao) : origin and meaning of name, 40, 123 ; 
habitat, 123; Malayan, 123. 

Mananay (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, a8, 174. 

Manangkabo (Manancabo, Sumatran state) : location, 4, 131 ; inhab. of trade in 
Borneo, 131. 

Mananig (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. convert natives of, 43, 79. 

Manaoag (Mamadag, Manioag, Manavag, vill. in Luz6n) : size increased, 31, 260; 
DBOuntaineers harass, 260; heathen in, 259; miss, work in, a8, 159, 31, 16, 258- 
a6o^ 33, 14s. 43, 77- 

Manaol (Maniol, vill. in Mindoro) : Mor. burn, 36, 177; Rec in, 41, i8z, 238. 

Manaquior (chief in Mindanao): kills Jes., a8, 98; hostile to Span., 39, 144, 199, 
41, 296; Span, negotiations with, a9, 145, 146, 200; friendly to Span., 158, 164, 
165. 

Manasay, Ignacio Gregorio (sec. priest) : witnesses doc., 4a, 51. 

Manavag (vill. in Pangasinan) : miss, labors in, 258-264. 

Manbaras (natives who serve alcalde) : exempt from polos and services, 36, 285. 

Mmn^ano, Melchor, O.P.: life and labors, 14, 87, 3a, zo» 67, 96. 

Mancha, Capt Pedro de la: arrives at Manila, 37, 229. 

Manchu dynasty (Tartars): war with, and invade China, aa, 197, 35, 251, 252; 
estab. in China^ aa, 197. 

Manchuria (prov. in Asia) : location, 9, 44. 

Mandalag (Mandalay, vill. in Luz6n) : curacy in, a8, 277. 

Mandaloyan (Mandaloya, vill. in Luz6n) : orphan asylum in, a8, 357, 363. 

Mandam [Mandaue in Cebu ?] : raided by natives of Leyte, a, 145, 146. 

Mandarangan (Bagobo spirit): lives in volcano, 43, 245, 246; human sacrifice to, 
249, 279. 

Mandarins: term defined, la, 94; permissions by, 5, 28; accept bribes, 51, 158. See 
also Chinese -I. 

Mandaue (Mandam, q,v,^ Mandaui, Mandave, vill. in Cebu): location, 33, 162; no. 
of trib., a8, 88; vill. incorporated with, z66; status (1878), 324; raided and 
burned, a, 145, 146, 306, 307; Pigafetta mentions, ZZt 167, 337; Jes. in, 13, 136, 
a8, 88, 171, 36, 55, 

Mandayas (Malayan people of Mindanao): meaning of term, 43, 277; name also 
applied incorrectly to Apayaos of Luz6n (q.v., immediately below), 3a, 104; hab- 
itat, 34, 175, 3a, 104, 40, 298, 43, 72, 211, 277; white ants in their country, 48, 
X06; pop., 43, 197, 277; language, words and phrases, 216, 218, 219, 221; charac- 
teristics, 34, 175, 43, 217, 225, 274; weapons, 218; chew buyo, 301; occupations, 
214-216; dress (women's), 217; their divinities, 2x8, 220, 221, 223; their story 
of creation, 2x0; their beliefs compared to Chris, tenets, 2x9; their priestesses 
(bailanas)f 2x7-2x9; sacrifices, 40, 69, 43, 202, 2x8, 2x9, 249; sacrificial song. 



544 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mandayas 

Mandatas (ooodnued) — 

xa, 270, 40, 69, 43, 219; dances, 219; pay trib. to Mor^ 197, 303; Mor. attempt 
to dominate, 208; Mor. threaten, 20S; Manguangat hottile to, 277; miti. work 
among, 209, 213, 217, 2x8, 222, 223, 227, 277. 

Mandayas (Maynanes) : name incorrectly applied to Apayaos ol Luz6n {g.v.), 34, 
i75f 43, 13; habitat, 39, 104, 148, 226; characteristics, 147, 239; ignorant, 234; 
their mortuary customs, 236, 237 ; justice among, 43, 73 ; earthquake destroys 
vill. of, 3a, 104, 35, 227; their pacification and reduction, 3a, 13, x6o, 162, 35, 
47f 43, Z3> 7^-75; revolts among, 3^, 148-152, x6o, 35, 48, 51, 38, 94; reduction 
of, impossible, 35, 51; people of Calatug hottile to, 43, 13, 74, 75; miss, works, 
etc., among, 3a, 149. 157, 162, 166, 202, 203, 227-240^ 39f laa, 43, 7a-75t 9a- 

Mandhar (dist of Celebes): location, 38, 69; its inhab., 69; Nayarrete in, 69. 

Mandraxa, Cachil: heir ol Temate throne, 16, 243. 

Mandruga (vill. in Fanay) : location, a3, 2x6. 

Mandurreao (vill. in Phil.) : curaqr, a8, 277. 

Manga (Banga, vill. in Phil.) : curacy, a8, 277. 

Mangabo (chief in Mindanao) : desecrates holy images, 35, 69; defends reL, 74-77; 
converted, 90. 

Mangaldan (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, a8, 159. 

Mangalor (vill. in Cochin): Jes. in, 17, 266. 

Mangarin (Mangirin, Mangirin, vill. in Mindoro) : location, 41, x8o; pop. (1878), 
a8, 316; Rec in, 316, 41, x8, x8o. 

Mangatatte (Japan) : identified, 9, 27. 

Mangisin (Cabarr^an, vill. in Poro Is.): Rec. in, 41, 209. 

Manguianes: a3, 224. See Mangyan. 

Manguangas (pagan tribe of Mindanao): branch of Mandayas, 43, 277; meaning 
of term, 277; habitat, 277; warlike, 277. 

Mangyan (Manguianes, Mangyines, Mangyans, Malayan - negrito people of Min- 
doro) : meaning of term, as, 223, 40, 47; habiut, a3, 223, 40, 47, 299, 41, 174, 
44, 57; origin, a3, 223, 40, 47, 41, 175, 237; divisions among, a3, 223; pop., 40, 
47, 44, 57; various languages among, 40, 56; characteristics, a3, 223, 224, 40, 
47, 56, 41, 174, 44, 57; have tails, 40, 299, 300; food, 44, 57; go naked, as, 
224, 44, 57; dress, 40, 47, 44, 57; weapons, 57; value iron, 40, 56, 44, 57; potsess 
jars, 57; fear sea, 33, 224; have no knowledge of agric, 40, 47; ignorant of 
money, 47; pagans, 298; acknowledge no deities, 44, 57; sacrifice to ancestors, 
57; their feasts, 57; fear Span., a3, 224; Span, among, 40, 56; pay trib. to 
Span., 299; miss, work among, a3, 223, 224, 41, 23, x8o^ 182, 238, 44, 57, 58, 
103, 104. 

Maniago, Francisco (Pampango chief in Span, service): app. leader in insurrec- 
tion, 38, 143, «45- 

Manican (Manicaan, vilL in Mindanao): trib. in, a8, 95; Jes. in, 95, 36, 57. 

Manifestoes. See Decrees. 

Manila (Manilla, Maynila, Manylla, cap. of Phil.) — 

Name, description, etc: name, 3, 148, 15, 50, ax, 127, 143, 38, 47, 51, 163; 
name applied to Luz6n, la, 296; title, 3, 250, 251, 7, 31; described, X, 42-44, 3, 
94, 95. 7, 3a-35, «, ", l«, X98, ^99, '5, a94, ^95, 303, 305, 16, 136-146, ai, 12, 
127-129, a9, 66-69, 305, 34, 3«o, 36, 88-91. 37, 18, «9, i75, «76, 285-307, 38, 10, 
43-5«» 39, 87, 88, 49, «04, «05, a88, ^89, 51, 16, 160-173, 5^, 73, 74; region about 
described, 3, 93; coasts of, not adapted for cotton, 8, 94; location, distances to and 
from, etc, 3, 81, 94, 148, 153, 158, 233, 241, 298, 4, 27, 28, 37, 54, 57, 70, 306, 



Manila] index 545 

5, 83» 85. 6, 143, 299, 7, 3a, SO, 118, laa, aai, asi, 8, 96, a43, 9, 5a, 100, 103, 
110, 117, ISO, a46, la, 94, 146, 185, aay, 14, 324, 15, 49, SO» 3i7i 16, 73, 136, 333, 
a34» i7t "5, "6, 19, S3, ai, ia8, 139, 137, 185, 31a, aa, i8i, aj, 160, 176, 197, 
ais, a34, a43, a45, 260. a6a, a63, a8o, a8a, a4, lai, 150, as, aso, a7, 37, a8, 318, 
Saa. a9, 309, 3a, a59, 34, 339i 387* 439» 35, 53, X99, aoi, ao4, 36, 88, aoa, 38, 

44, 47, 41, 93, 4a, 37, 44, 4', 45, 315, 47, 87, 88, 49, "H, 109, 31X, 51, 160, 
163, a4a; its coast treacherous, 3, 9a; lakes near, x6o; in fertile regions, 5, 83, 85, 
51, 126; an is., 7, 58; encomiendas near, xx8; prov. near, 9, a46; length of voy- 
age from Spain to, 16, ao6, ai, ia9; riv. near, a3, axa; site proposed for, a34; 
shoals near, a7, 301; site of ancient settlement, 34, 185; key to Cavite, 49, 14, 
47, 83; intercourse with prov. infrequent and difficult, 51, 95, axa; size and ex- 
tent, 3, xoo, xoi, 4, 79, 306, aa, axa, 49, 73, 51, 16$; decree estab. boundaries, 
4» 93; boundaries estab., X07; ground in, worn away by water, xx6; high tide 
submerges, 30, X36, X37; replotted, 9, x8; territory contracted, aa6; growth re- 
tarded, I, 68; suburbs extensive, 51, X7X ; compared to other cities, i, 4a, 43, 7, 
aa4, aas; praised by strangers, i, 43, 44; advance in first quarter century of Span, 
control, 9, 9; importance, 3, 241, 9, aoo, 18, xoi, 19, xx, 70, a46-a48, a7, 77, 78, 
31, x8x, 34, 373, 41, a99; alcaiceria in, 7, 33, 34, 31, 184, 36, ao4, 39, 123 
(see also Chinese, II) ; streets, squares (plaKos), roads, and drives, 10, 88, 16, 
X36, X37, 144, aa, 51, a6, 30a, a7, 337, 338, a8, aoa, axo, a9, X48, 35, 165, aax, 
36, aoa, ao3, a46, a90, a9x, 43, ", 65, 46, 36a, 51, 167, x68, X7x ; railroad, a3, 
a77; pleasure resorts, a8,. aa4; baths in suburbs, 38, 47; boat to Cavite, a9, X67; 
botanical gardens, 51, 266, 5a, 32X; land in, 30, X37, 5a, 4a, 43, 304; plans 
and views of, 16, X36, 18, aas, a4, 336, a6, 33, a9, 67, 35, tJh 37, aa8, 38, 

45. 39. 89. 43, 129, 47, 88, 89, 49, 54, 63, 95. 97, '07, 50, 35, 37, 38, 83, 85, 86, 
51, 29, 160; plan of environs, x6x; plan of outer works, X93; climate, 4, 70, 306, 

6, a9, a98, 15, 50. ^^, 73, «3, 17, 60. x6a, axa, 340^ a4a, a8, 89, 38, 47, 45, i8a; 
winds, 17, a54, a9, 2$; water supply, 10, xo, 44, 17, 309, 41, 255, 53, 320; 
dirty, 51, x68; has good port, 4, 70, a7, 77; ships in, inspected, 16, x8x; an open 
port, 17, 299, 300; importance as Oriental port, 51, 157-160; port on coast op- 
posite (contracosta) , 41, 93. 

Architecture of, etc, bldg. ordinances and regulations, 6, 29, 298, 15, 66, 18, 
3XX, ai, 87, 88, 90, aa, 247, a7, 39, 30, 22x; needs various public bldgs., 9, a75, 
10, X3, 88, XX4, XX5; public bldgs. (roy. and municipal), I, 4a, 43, 63, 4, a9, xx8, 
8, X44, 10, 260-262, la, 255, 16, X36, X38-X40, 18, 31X, ao, 6x, aa, sx, X14, a5, 
247, a6, 302, a9, 303, 35, 165, 36, 31, 203, 37, 32, 191, 4^, 30', 44. i53 (plan), 
45, 305, 48, 205, 51, x66, X67, 299; store- and warehouses, 8, x8, 11, 69-7X, 
a78. la, 75, 14, a55, i6, X65, a6, X73, x8o, x8a, a38, a8, 1x4, 4a, 30X, 47, 98, 
xoo, X05, 50, X79, 186, 51, X69; slaughter-house, 10, 305; repartimientos and bldg. 
lots assigned to Span., 3, X54, 155, 16, X36; no realty holdings in, 4, xxx; houses, 
I, 43, 7. 32, 2a8, 8, a90, 10, 44, 88, la, X98, 13, 310, 16, X39-X43, 19, a86; lodg- 
ing-house needed in, 9, 139 (see also Inns) ; style of architecture, material, etc., 
I, 42, 43, 4, 29, 7, 228, 10, 44, la, 198, 16, X39-X43, 19, 286, a3, 240-242, a7, 
78, a8, 20X-203, 39, 305, 35, 2x7, 2x8, 4^, i75, 50, 68, 51, X69-X7X; rent, 47, 
202, 5a, xx6 (see also Rent); nipa houses torn down, 50, 68; stables, 51, X69; 
cost of bldg. in, a4, 327, a7, 37, 36, 258; plan to improve bldgs. of, 5a, 313; 
bridges, 17, 29X, aa, 95, a8, 252, 48, 22x, 51, X64 (see also Bridges) ; monuments, 
^3, X25, X27, X28, 51, 75 (see also below, Religion, convents and churches) ; Ma- 
nila, subject to catastrophes, 35, 53. 

Fires, earthquakes, storms, and other disasters and losses, 3, X7, x8, xoo^ xox. 



546 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

I 

Manila (oootinued) — 

103, 150, X51, X53, 3SS> 26S» 4f S9> 7S> 6» 29, 55, 298, 30X, 7> 9> XS> SS^ 5^. 66> 90, 
X34, ao5, 221, 9, los, 107, 10, 87, 88, 11, 196, u, 9, 14, 16, 17, 85, 86, io», 113, 
"9, 138, 139, 13, 13. 67. 310. 14, 140, 15, xa, 23, 59, 276, 16, 45, 140-142, 289, 
290, 17, 164, 292, 19, X96, 197, JO, 106, JI, 184, 296, JJ, 42, xoi, 126, 139, 140, 

*", J3, S3i 54f 204. «4i "9i «68, J5, 40, 50. 5«. 54» 6»i ^^1 ^Tt «7, 186-197, a«i. 
J9, 166, 167, 30, X3, 58, X43, 31, xs, x82, 3*, 103, 35. 17, 5*. 54f ^13, 2x4, 2x7- 
2x9 22X-224, 226, 227, 36, 5X, 203, 37i "• 73» 7^» «"f xx*. x^x. X73, X74, X76, 
177, 181, 2x6, 38, 3^, 97, 39, a38, a39, 4©, 2X, 41, 9. 3^, xoo^ 4J, X33, X40, X67- 

169, 26X, 308-310, 44, X03, 45, X9, XX7, 2x3, 242, 255, 268, 308, 46, X4, 5X, 47, 
40, 46, 6s, 66, 74, 75, X64, X7X, 48, 3X2, 49, 84, 223, 50, 38, 7^^ 51, 4«, 54» 5*, 
156; rebuilt and improved, 3, X53, 7, 9, X3, X9, 22x, 10, xo, 26x, 17, 3xx, 27, x88, 
51, IX, 25, 5J, X5S, X56, 2x4; well lighted, 51, x68, 5a, 3x4- 

Population and social conditions; populous, 49, 88; clatset in, and character 
of pop., 7, 253, 18, a74, a7S» «0, 79, 94i ^45, M^t ^49, «5. X95, 307, J7, 8x, 82, 
31, 55, 36, X5, 205, 38, 55, 44, XX, 28, 29, 2x6, 283, 47, 87, 88, 5a, 4x; beggars 
in, 4a, 277, 44, 74, 47, 63, 2x8; highwaymen infest dist near, 50, 49; pop. 
at various times (natives and Span.), 3, X49, X73, 2x4, 233, 4, 306, 6, 95, 243, 
^97, 7. 3a, 33, 8, 90, 96, XOI, X76, 272, 13, 273, 275, 16, 6x, 165, JJ, X2, 37. 82, 
83, x68, 193, J9, 69, 77, 79, 190^ 220, 255, 30, 34, 34, 185, 444t 445, 36, 85, 86, 
90, 91, 264, 37, 73, 44, a7x, 282, 309, 51, aao; natives in and near, 3, 149, 4, 
ao3, 7, 32, 8, 98, 99, 9, XX7, 276, 10, XX7, 1x8, II, 2oo» IJ, 249, 13, 35, I4» ^43, 
261, i6, 74, 75, 18, SIX, 312, 19, 73, ao, 19, 85, 39, 85, 40, 4X, ^o6, 44, 88, 51, 
98-xoi, 268, 5a, xx6; natives desert, 3, X53; ordered to leave, 11, 62, 63; meas. 
for increase of Span, in, 6, 170, 172; Cebii deserted for, J3, 162; FiL workmen 
and servants in, 8, 245, 246, 272, a8, 202, 44, 88; native language in, ai, 136; 
whites in, I, 59; Span, in, 3, X48, 27% 4, 15a, X53, 7, 3X, 33, 9, ^7^, 17, aox, ao, 
13, 38, 191, 192, 45, 43, 51, 220, 22X, 9a, XX5; settlers needed in, 8, 144; growth 
predicted, 177; no. of Span, decrease, 44, 48; foreigners in and near, i, 43, 44, 

6, 61, 3x6, 9, X09, 10, 42, 16, 199, 19, 2XX, ao, xo, a6, X4x, a7, 38, a9, 69, 30, 
34, 218, 3a, 76, 34, 439, 444» 36, 203, 204, 39, X23, 40, 30X, 44, 29 (see also the 
various nations, especially, Chinese, II) ; jealousy toward foreigners in, 17, 47, 
51, 40; foreigners in, massacred, 50, 40, 51, 12; slaves in, la, 192, 18, 25, 319, 
ao, X9, 85, 31, 36, 36, X34, 38, 130, 40, 300, 301, 51, X55; negroes in, a9, 102- 

104, 31, 36; bad element leaves, 51, 55; people settle near walls of, 200; pop. of 
suburbs, 5 a, 73, 74; concentration in, not advisable, 74; encomenderos in, 18, 
329, a4, 195; residence on encomiendas, not complusory for citizens of, 18, 303; 
workmen, servants, and materials in, ao, 96, ^^^ 212, a9, 305, 38, 10, 55 (see also 
Chinese) ; musicians in, a3, 251 ; status at various periods, i, 42-44, 67, 68, 82, 

7, 33, 8, 237, 10, 28, la, loi, X47, aa, 9, 48, 243, 49, 3^8, 51, X75-X77; city and 
inhab. rich and prosperous, 3, 150, 16, 16, 137, 143, 144, 18, 320, aa, 106, a3, 

170, 235, a6, 137, a9, 77, 31, 18X-183, 34, X9, ^24, 36, 195, 37, ^77, 4^, 15, "7, 
127, 149, 152, 175, 180, 47, II, 49, x6, 68, 69, 51, 233; extravagance in, 6, 27, 
269-271, 10, 86, 16, 143, 36, 202, 48, 277; city's splendor and greatness, 30, 32, 
33; country about, rich, 51, 173; origin of fortunes in, 234; in danger of ruin, 
II, 235; poverty, losses, and necessities, 4, 310, 6, 27, 269-271, 277, 299, 300, 312, 
7, 93, 8, 169, 271, 10, 141, 190, la, 112, 113, 139, 15, 59. x*6, 16, 42, 63, 17, 
57, 92, 18, 320, 19, 89, aa, 21, 63, 269, 27X, a3, 280, 34, 98, 99, 324, as, 51, 54, 
59, 64, 69, a6, 50, a7, 361, a9, 15, 58-60, 160, 161, 194, 30, 62, 35, 44, xi7, xx8, 
36, 50, 37, 13, 67, 68, 175, 177, 291, 43, 252, 44, 142, 160, 197, 198, 282, 46, 33, 



Manila] index 547 

47, II, 2%, 35, 36, 46, 66, 6$t 50, no; cause of decreaie of wealth, 99, 70-76; 
ruin exaggerated, 46, 33; cause their own rub, 49, a88; living expenses in, xo, 
196, 14, 141, x8, 342, 214, 199, aoo, 38, 359; endangered by mob, 51, 200; food 
supply in, 3, aoa, 4, 80, 180^ 5> 69, 7, 34, 35, 10, ap, 81, 304-310, 16, 4a, 18, 10, 
SX4» 3X5t 33*1 ai. 308, M, X51, X56, 33, 197, 285, J5, 194, ^6, 173, 180, i8a, 
238, 40, 293, 44, a8, 47, "9, XS3, 49, 37, 7^, 224, 51, 77,* applies cut off, 49, 142; 
Fil. forbidden to carry supplies to, 266; cattle-farms near, 14, 15, 156, 157; roy. 
stockyards at, a6, 196; bakeiy and oven in, 94, 295, 296, 49, 250; fish market, 
35, 300; cacao culture in, ao, 198; coffee in, 51, 130; liquor factories near, 51, 
228; opium dens in, 43, 153; opium culture near, 5X, 54. 
Various industries and occupations, and other matter, I, 78, 79, 4, 75, 7, 226, 

6, 165, 204, 298, 14, 256, 16, X79, 17, 335, 18, 173, 174, 176, 179, 182, 183, JO, 
96, J9, 305, 36, 202, 37, xs, a", axa, 38, 55, loi, 40, 52, 217, 285, 291, 45, 
*7h 47, 95, 4^, 143, 50, 185, 51, "8, X19; citizens encouraged to become sea- 
men and artillerists, 30, 52, 60; id, forced to labor, 88; petitions and needs means 
of support, 6, 19, 28, 162, 244, 277; needs printing office, 51, 265; newspapers 
in, 17, 304, 51, 70^ 71 (see also Periodicals); pawnshops, 17, 306, 5a, 216; 
amusements (festivities; celebrations, rel. and otherwise; entertainment; etc.), 
IJ. X82, 247, 248, 15, X34-136, 16, x68, 17, 124, 18, 80^ 92, 227, 19, XX, 6i'66, 
91, 268, 269. 99, II, 50-61, 93, 200, 94, 17, X74, X75, 96, 31, 97, 17, 291, 330- 
340, 366, 98, 202, 242, 99, 38, 39, 43, 44, 88, loi, 132, 133, I4«, X72, 205, 215, 
a35, a4x, 35, 5*, ax6, 218, 225, 36, 30^ 246, 37, ax4, 40, 2x9, 4a, X5, 151, 15a, 
164-166, 171, 229, 230^ 29s, 45, 273, ^74, 47, X7, 244-248, 50, 65, 66, 51, 49, 50; 
no public amusements in, 51, 220; casino opened, 59, 2x6; physician needed in, 

7, 13, 8, 145; character of phjrs., 93, 233; Ger. ph3r8., 45, 133; no good surgeons 
in, 51, 40; needs medicines, 8, 145; pharmacy estab. in, 45, 287; vaccination 
bureau in, 51, 25, 3x4, 59, 2x6; lepers in, 94, 2x5, 241, 98, 207, 35, 20, 3x0; epi- 
demics in, 39. 280, 44, X2, 47-49, 49, X79, 51, 39; fevtn rare in, 78; much in- 
sanity in, 115, 116; sickness and death in, 93, 60, 38, 56; funeral rites in, 36, 
23-43; cemetery, 51, I7X-X73; time in, I, 22, 6, 55, 49, 322; night patrols, 5, 
305, 16, 138, X39, 96, X96, 99, 54, 34, 439, 40, 29, 30; nightwatches needed in, 
59, X07, X08 ; prisons, 4, 32, 36, 7, 33, xoo^ 8, 97, 9, 71, 10, 20, 293-295, 300, 30X, 
II, 25. 36-38, 53, 56, 6x, 73, X97, 19, 254, 13, 32, 16, X40, 17, 57. 18, 87, 88, 

19, 82, 134, ai, 79, 98, 99, 103, 99, 70, 93, X03, 96, X96, 97, 23, 98, III, 129, 

185, x88, 196, 99, 220, 31, 55, 37, 9, X76, 4a, 30X, 302, 44, 28, 32, 37, 38, 158- 
160^ x66, 192, 51, 164; sulphur dungeon, 39, 135; no prison in, 8, 271; no police 
office in, 98, 242; Span, prisoners sent to, 35, 13, x6x, 182, 49, 126; envoy to 
Macao imprisoned, 35, 15, x8o; police system improved, 51, 25; better system 
urged for, and suburbs, 200, 265, 266; its convicts sent to Zamboanga, 59, 31. 

Miscellaneous social mention, Span, send wealth to Spain, 6, 271 ; hide it, 36, 
222; citizens of, should command ships, li, xx6; bravery of inhab. of, 16, 30, 
32-34, 38; Liga Filipina in, 17, 3x1; own summerhouses, 93, 2x2, 280, 36, 204; 
Span, youths in, talk patois, 93, 229; pigeon Span, spoken in, 44, 30; liberal, 93, 
235, 94, X74; Span, women less skilful than Fil., 93, 251; letter from citizen of, 
^5» X7, x8, 201-296, 322; own farmlands and cattle-ranches, 36, 95, 96; lazy, 45, 
77, 5X, 77; natives prevented from going to, 50, 156; natives of, degraded, 51, 
98; insolent, 59, 60; Span, in, thieves, 51, 98; provincial, 179; Sociedad Eco- 
ntoica in, 59, 308, 3x1. See also the following sub-divisions. 

Administration and relation of inhabitants to government: native rulers and 
chiefs of, 3, 93, X49, 297, 15, 48, 49, 16, X2X, 40, 82, 83 (see also Rajamora) ; 



548 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

Manila (continued) — 

peace negotiations with Span^ 3, 96, 97, 218, a6a, a6s, 295-297; site donated to 
Span., X5i 49; belongi to crown, 14, 253, 34, 308; cap. of PhiL, residence of gor., 
and chief Span, settlement, i, 42, 3» iS, 106, 151, 233, 4, 13, 306, 5, 3$, 81, 6, 
X43f 8» 9^1 9, axi, II, 303, 14, 307, 16, 136, 144, 155, M, 231, 317, f87, 208, a«, 
266, 39, 278, SOS. 36, 53. 88, 89, 204, 47. 87, 49. 34. 3xx; *ti coat-of-arms, 9. 
II, 15, 16, 71, 211-215, 327, 10, 261, 16, 136, 213, 127; best governed city in PhiL, 
4, 306; a captainqr-general, 51, 163; its jurisdiction, 8, loi, 9, 195, 1 1, 90^ 18, 
97, aa, 154, 50, 62; why maintained, 49, 311; Audienda (see Fhil. Is.). 

Cabildo (ajruntamiento, regimiento, municipality, city; die municipal govt 
corporation of Manila), I, 56, 3. X7S. x87» Hh 4. 94. 5, 182, 202, 241, 243, 248, 
286, 6, 25, 176, 242-246, 249, 7, 9, 10, 29-31, 33, 45, 301-304. 8. 7«. 79. 83. 97. 
«7S. X78. «79. X85. X95. a«6. 9, 7h ^ISt lO» 4*. X34. 'l. «5. 69, 99, 102, 103, 235- 

250, 274, IJ, 70^ 72, I2S, 131, 13. 2d4, 14. 3^. «9^ 15. 134. ««. X95. »7. » 
127, 3*9. 18, 24, 189, 191, 192, 306, 3x0-3x2, 325, 328, 19, 209, 266^ ao, 79, 93, 
185, 186, 217, ai» X3a. X35. X5S. ^To, M, 47. xx4. «4. X93. a55-a57. 3xa. 3X3. 
J5, X12, 129, 138, 141, a6, 31, 317, 45-47, 333, 334, 336, 319. X06, 135, X79, i8o^ 
190, 30, 89, 158, 36, 27, 28, 30, 31, 204, 248, 37. 37. 38, 268, 38, 44. 75. 39. X90^ 
224, 4a, 195. 44. a7. X83, 218, 230-232, 268, 45, X02, 315, 46, 17. 33. X2i, 125, 
X39, 245. 47. x88, 49. a65, 51^ 24, 44, 45, 107, 127, 284, 5^. 49; councils, ao, 97, 
34, 24, 185, 305, J5, X4, 15, 31. X87, 37. 34. 51. 3x3 (■« *>•<> Coundb) ; report 
sent from, to Council of Indies, 51, 193; qmdic in, 51, 107; hall of roy. assembly 

(t./., Audienda hall), 36, 29. 

Various gov. and other officials in, etc, I, 41, 3, 82, 89, 95, 103, 148, 149, 153, 
XS4. XS7. x6a, 233, 275, 295. 4, 9. ai, 89, 116, 125, 193, 311, 7. 33. 8, 97, 9. X9, 
274, 296, 10, 85, 13, 77. 14. a4. ^73. a89. 3xx, 15. X3, 49, 65, 92, 131, 133, 134, 
180, 181, 262, 283, 16, 238, 262, 17, 261, 279, 280^ 287, 288, 290-293, 296, 301, 
322, 18, 10, 92, 136, 181, 244, 19, X7, 189, X96, JJ, 12, 47, 88, 33, ax4, 35, 40. 
37, 226, 302, 325, 38, 224, 225, 39, 43, loi, 113, 132, 172, 30, 17. 31. X3X, 34. 
391, 35, 215, 36, 30, 37, X2, 32, 71, 82, loi, 121, 229, 277, 278, 302, 38. X7, 160^ 
161, 39, 276, 281, 282, 4a. X19, 120, 135, 136, 170^ 171, 19X, 200-203, 226, 271, 
27a, 290-292, 304, 44. X44, 45. 304. 305. 46, 239, 314, 47. 88, 49. X75, 50, 34 
(see also Offices and offidals) ; decrees rdg., 3. xo^ 22, 221, 250-252, 317 (see 
also Decrees) ; edicts, proclamations, etc., in, 155, 8, 284, 285, 10, 300^ 36, 39, 
106, 31, 69; rqy. seal received at, 10, 14, 132-140, 317, 318; public offices bought 
in, I, 56, 7, 85, 50, 120 (see also Offices and offidals) ; this procedure advisable, 
II, 103-105; election for representatives to Cortes (1810), 51, 281; prov'l depu- 
tation in, 292, 293; powers of election proposed for cab., 295; constitution pro- 
claimed in, 17, 300, 51, 33; oath to it, taken, 288; confusion in govt., 53, 20; 
revolutionary publications circulate in, 96; prov'l offidals blocaded in, 120; en- 
voys and ambassadors in, and sent from, 4, 291, 9, 76, 171, 15, 79, 119, 153, 248, 

251, 279, 16, 254, 268, 31, 85, 86, 33, 117, 2io^ 211, 33, 63, 64, 66, 67, 239, 34, 
172, 173, 277, 37, 297, 299, 30, 3XX, 3x3, 31, 75, 7«. X75. 3^, 26, 35, x82, 40, 
314, 43, 17, 133, 183, 184, 195, 198, 47, ass; delegates to Spain sent from, 34, 

51, 36, 109, III, 37, 45; inhab., loyal, 18, 22, 275, 19, 180, 200, 226, 240, 35, 40, 

52, 67, 68, 285, 287, 37, 181, 206, 211, 30, sa. 35, 5X, 58, 9a, 36, 5a, 40, 346; 
petitions by, and in behalf of, 4, 306, 307, 7, 146, 8, 79, 174, 9, 13, 14, 229, 230- 
232, 12, 123, 17, 99i i8» X4, X3a. «<>» 95, ^a, 271, 33, 105, 112, 34, 195, 35, 48, 
59-73, 39, X02, 30, 102-108; complaints by, 8, 48, 165, 166, 18, 23, 292, 19, 88, 
89, 30, 16, 146, 147, 31, 96, 38, 198, 37, 233, 261; their services and merits, 3, 



Manila] INDEX 549 

»5i, 9, an, 19, i8o^ J4» a«8, ^7, 14*-X4S» x8o. x86, ao6, 30, 4«i 58, 60, 46, 345 
priyileges and rights, 4, S7, S8, ao, 95, 314, 291, 292, as, 136, a«, ii5i 49, 75" 
7S, 109. 

Judidml, court at, oonfinns native elections (^.v), i, 55 (see also Phil. Is.: 
And.) ; magistracy and magistrates, 7, 85, 8, 175, 27, 144, 36, 80; trials in, and 
court procedures, 7, 96, 8, 178, 41, 35; gov.'s counselor resides in, 8, 96; justice 
in, for Fil., 98; restrictions on court officials, ix, 55, 56; jurists in, consulted, 215, 
254; judgeships sought by dissolute persons, 36, 305; admin, of justice in, 305; 
legal status of inhab., 34, 309; lawyers sent to, from Mex., 50, 140 (see also 
Legal; Offices; and Phil. Is.: Judicial, Rev.). 

Money matters, etc, needs and desires public property, 4, 306, 307, 5, 15, 7, 146; 
territory allotted to, for support, 45, 76; should have income, 8, 307; its income 
(receipts from grants, situado, rent, taxes, etc.), x, 39, 7, x6, 146, 147, 8, 139, 9, 
16, X7, 230, 268, 269, 10, lis, IX, 7«, 7a, X53, x«, Sa, Uf tS2, 199, 200, 15, 175, 
16, X67, 49, 311, 317, 51, 235, 53, 155; no roy. funds in, 8, 169; has sufficient 
funds, 9, 19, x6, 167; has insufficient funds, 9, 62; communal funds, 35, 42, 53, 
108; roy. debts in, 8, 272; inhab. indebted to roy. excheq., 35, 127, 128, 43, 301, 
44, X50; money from Mex. endangered, X5, 206; inhab. indirectly pay Chin. 
licenaes, 35, 194; expenses of justice paid, 4, 117; worlonen paid at, 7, 16; sal- 
aries unpaid in, 8, 272; money from the "fourths" spent in, xx, 224; how public 
funds expended, 16, x68 ; outlay for mil supplies, 47, 233 ; budgets of, published 
annually, 53, 158; accts. audited, 10, 310^ 3x2, 11, 67, 68, 33, la; assessments 
on inhab., and loans to govt by inhab., 6, 29, 300^ 8, 286, 287, X4, 41, x8, 36, 53, 
223, 240, 248, 30, 194, 33, II, 5X, «5, 40^ 59, 63, 67-69, 72, 122, 36, X51, 37, 140- 
X4S, x8o^ 30, 93, 94t X03, 45, 30^ 37, ¥>* 54, 55, 4^, 37, 40, Sh 47, »3^, ^37, 4^, 
145, '^3, 50, 38 ; ransom demanded by Brit, and its paym't, 49, 71, 78, 79, 141- 
143, 215, 216, 313, 3x9; copper money coined in, 50, 10; copper money scarce in, 
28; money distributed to poor in, 67 (see also Alms) ; mint estab. in, 51, 54; op- 
position to, 56; urged, 265; banking system for, outlined, 273; bank for, planned, 
53, 311; Soc Econ., lend money for improvement of, 3x4; lottery in, 17, 30$ 
(see also, Lottery, and Revenue). 

Miscellaneous, attitude of inhab. toward gov., x, 50; colon, of, unsatisfactory, 
3, 156; reforms in govt urged, 6, 162-166; conflict over precedence of officials 
in, 320^ 32X, 47, X90; Gallinato sends for instructions, 15, ^if 243, 244; inhab. 
defrauded by gov. ad interim^ 36, 153; unfairness in residencia, 36, 155; Fajardo 
consults civil authorities, 36, 1x7; executions in, 38, 2x0; many clerks in, 49, 193; 
naval station and bureau at, 50, 73, 74, 113, 51, 13, 50; offices bestowed in, 50, 
103. See also, Phil. Is.: Govt 

Defenies, etc.: natural defenses of, 16, 233, 47, 95; strongest place in Phil., 3, 
148; its strength, 6, 91, 93, 97, 38, 269; almost impregnable, 49, 288, 289; native 
fortifications at, X5, 48, 49, x6, 232; strength exaggerated, 3, 148; well fortified 
on land and sea sides, 51, 163, 165; untuited for mil. center, 195; weak and de- 
fenseless, 4, 29, 6, 24, 25, 95, 238, 299, 7, X22, XX, 246, 18, 74, 75, X9, 2x0, 2XX, 

30, 269, 35, 14, "7, 130, X56, «76, 2x4, 36, 43, 257, 37, ai6, 43, 300, 48, 200, 
232, 233, 49, 65, X69, X89, 51, 17, 163, X65, X90, X9s; fortif. neglected, xo, 164, 
II, X02; should be fortified, 6, 27, x8x, x82, 277, 9, 243; fortific. and defenses or- 
dered and planned, 7, 17, 163, 8, 173, 287, 34, 3*6, 45, 1*4, 4*, 217-^27, 49, 
x88, X89, 50, 62, 53, 73, 74; planned wrongly, 9, 266; G. Perez Dasmarinas so- 
licitous for, 8, 293; should be kept in repair, 10, 91; taxes, etc, for, 7, 14, xxo^ 
8, 169, 173, 309, 9, 228, 16, 168, 35, 42, 35, 15; mil- *ccts. kept separately, 4, 79; 



550 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

Manila (ooodnued) — 
inhab. should bear expense of fortific^ 35, 189; fortified and repairs to fbrtifiCn4f 
XI, 13, 3a» 33, 37, 3*, 79, ^ xxS, xx6, 6, 2% loi, 299-301, 7, 57, 59-^3. 9°^ 91, X37, 
228, 8, 16, i8, 144, *44, 258, a7X-a73» 9, 4^, 14*, H3, "• i4Xf l«, 17, X4a, X5«, «5, 
62, 276, 16, 13, 31, 45, 245, 17, iX4» a«7, a9Xf i«, 75, ^9, aof, 258, J3, 13, 93, 94, 
n6, 303, 34, 253, J9, 219, 34, 30, 3X, 395, io6, 36, 221, 244-246, 38, 19, 46, 44, 47, 
>33, 49, 188, 333, 50, 12, 37, 50^ 69, 157, 158, 51, 28; fortific. (forts, bastions, cav- 
aliers, etc) described, etc, I, 42, 3, 148, 4, 164, 7, 11, 57-60, 98, 125, 205, 206, 8, 
13, 14, 169-173, 177, »38, a39, ^43, a«4, %^% 9, "• 61-63, 75, 118, 119, 14a, »^6, 275, 
10, 15, 48, 100, 172, 261, la, 199, 14, 18, 267, 16, 59, 136-140, 173, ^4, as, «9, 6^* »S6, 
305, 34, 439-449, 35, 176, 36, 245, 4a, 3<«, 47, 69, 9X-96, 48, aoo» 232, 49, 51, 87-89, 
94, 97, 104-106, 111, 112, 116, 119, 123, 125. xa6, ^SOf X5X, X59, x^ x69, X78, x88, ^05, 
207, 211, 213, 214, 269, 280^ 284, 50, 85, 158, 301, 51, 163-166, 171, 195, sa, 94; 
wall, necessary, 8, 169-171 ; wall and gates, 271, 293, 9, 14a, 269^ 10, 210, la, 
X54, 15, 66, 16, 38, 137-X39, 346, 19, a86, ai, 129, X33, »7h ^4, »Sf 3^7* 828, ^5, 
185, a6, 30, 31, 38, 48, 73-76, 78, 80, 82, 83, 196, a7, 37, 38, x8i, 33a, 334, ^8, 
85, a9, 148, 255, 30, 254, 34, 406, 36, 202, 203, 245, a^a, 37, X62, 193, 38, 18, 
39, 175, 41, 89, 43, 230, 233, 44, 87, 47, 88, 91, 92, 94, 49, X70, 51, t66; moat, 

7, 58, a9, 256, 47, 92, 93, 95, 96; garrisons, presidios, and soldiers (infantry, 
cavalry, etc), i, 39, 60, 4, 30, 5, X95, 7, 3a, 164, 8, 97, 9, xx, X2, 51, 52, 74, 75, 
327, 10, 92, 117, 118, II, 239, 15, 163, 16, 146, 173, 17, X26, 18, 26, 336-33S, 19, 
65, ao, 208, a3, X12, a5, 4X, X48, a6, 159, 160, 174, 175, 196, 197, 206, 227, 251, 
305, 306, a8, 234, a53, ^9, a57, 304, 36, 203 (officers), 226, 240^ 38, i44» X46, 167, 
39, 291, 41, "X, 4a, X34, a76, 45, a73. a74, 47, 9^, 97, 48, ai8, 224, 232, 49, X09, 
126, 328 (Brit), 50, 87, 203, 204, 294, 51, 14; plaza de armas (parade ground), 

16, 136, 137, a6, 302, a7, 338, a9, 148, 35, X65, 221 ; guiM^dhouse, id, 138, a5, 
as^, a57; artillery, foundry, and arsenal, 3, X48, 4, 3x4, 3x5, 7, ao5, 8, 269, 11, 
246, 14, X26-128, 16, 139, 246, ai, 284, a6, 201, 202, 220, a9, 255, 47, 9$, 9^, 48, 
20a, 49, 118, 171, 288, 51, 190, 265 ; artillery founders needed, 10, 209, 210; foundry 
suppressed, 51, 190; gunpowder factory, 36, 202, 47, 95, 51, 265; armory and 
barracks, 10, 91, 92, 209, a^, 13, 95, 46, 53; reSnforcements, and supplies needed 
by, and sent to, 4, 3a, 33, X32, 7, S8, 9, aoo, 201, 15, 24, 281, 16, 13, 41, 45, 46, 
146, 174, 297, 298, 305, 18, 91, 19, 29, 31, a3, 60, a4, 25, 3aa, a9, 229, 230^ 249, 
35, 43, ai6, 264, 38, 144, 41, 3xx, 4*, X7X, 44, X65, 47, 46, 75, X26, 5a, 94; fur- 
nishet reenforcements and aid to other places, 6, 71, 15, 23, 56, 264, 319, 16, 
64, 276, 277, 17, 108, 18, 12, 76, 78, 90^ 138, i40> 19, $8, ao, 31, ai, 215, 99, 
143, 144, 185, 37, 298, 302, 347, 35, 89, 90, 136, 152, 254, 260, 266, 37, x68, 41, 
X3, 73, 74, 77, 3x9, 44, X65, 46, 39, 44, 45, 47, 40, a3x; fleet designed to protect, 

8, 284, 17, 181. 

Various events concerning - fleet from, pursues pirates, 41, 309, 46, 34; war 
councils held in, 9, 13, la, 11, 15, 219, 31, X87 (see also Councils) ; surrounded 
by enemies, 6, 277, 7, 90, 9, 220^ a4, 202, 34, 439, 44o; have internal enemies, 
8 287, 288; internal disturbances and risings in and near, 7, 166, il, 9, I J, 163, 
164, 15, 13, 62, 16, 305, 2^, 175, 34, 3a7, 37, x8i, a8, 223. 44, X56-159. 48, 27- 
31, 34, 49, 129, 51, 184, 185, 5a, 92-94; how insurrection undermined, 38, 149; 
invasions feared and threatened, la, 157, 15, 129, 130, 50, 37, 51, 27, 28, 122, 
165; does not fear attack, 49, 109; troops unable to defend against invasion, 5a, 
95; invasions and hostilities, 4, 9, 36, 151, 7, 84, 102, la, 182, 15, 5X, 210-217, 

17, 285, 18, 295, 19, 192, aS, 200, 41, 323, 44, 168-171, 183, 48, 200, 232, 49, 
entire (Brit invasion; see also Chinese II: insurrections, and British); Brit, re- 



f 



Manila] INDEX 551 

connoiter, S$; unable to blockade, 88; bombarded, 89, 90^ 93-94i 97> xxs> zi7-iai, 
123, 125, ia6, ia9-isz> 205-207; Brit, bombarded from, 112; surrender demanded, 
xio^ III, ZZ5, aos, 206; Rojo prepares to defend, 203; mil. men counsel surrender, 
224; siege, assault, and capture by Brit (Oct, 1762), a, 78, 17, 297, 33, 280, a8, 
200^ 2x4, 43, X78, 47» 88, 4«, 1*3, ^^6, 193, 283, 330, 49, xi, 14, x6, 17, 44, 52, 
6^ ^7, 7h 7*1 97» 981 xaS-"7i ^Sh XS*, «3^, X37i X4X» XSO, X54, x^o, x6s, 207, 
2^4, 269, 284, 290^ 293, 298, 3X0^ 3x2, 3x9, 326, 333, 50, 32, HSi 51, 3XXi 5a, 
55 ; reason for capture, 49, ax ; surrender and conditions of, 14, 25, 68, 75-80^ 99, 
x5o^ X5X, X59, X64, X69, 207, 2XX, 2x2-2x4, 269, 290, 329; Span, officers give parole 
at, 78; Brit pillage, 68, X27, 228, X5X, 260^ 264, 2x4, 2x8, 249, 250, 269, 28x, 3x3, 
322, 326, 327; Span, losses at capture, 294; Brit cause moderate loss in, 325, 
326; prize money from, distributed, 7X, 72 (see also above. Pop. and soc condi- 
tions, ransom); command of, delivered to £. Ind. Ok, 68, 3x7, 3x8; Brit garri- 
son in, 3x3; Brit retreat to^ 29X; Anda blockades, 297; Brit evacuate (X764), 17, 
298, 49, X72, 288, 50, 9; capture by Amer. (see below, Events in hist). Miscel- 
laneous, natives from, serve against Borneo, 4, x86; Figueroa pledged to aid, 9, 
285; Ronquillo asks aid from, 289; mil. supplies in, 14, 62; disbursements for 
miL supplies, 47, 233; mil. supplies for defense, lacking, 48, 200, 232, 233; mil. 
supplies captured, 49, 202; various exped. in, 14, 282, 299, 15, X64, x6, 60, 6x, 
^5, 25^} S>^ ^4, x6, 217, 300, 31, xoz; inhab. aid exped., x8, 36 (see also Ex- 
ped.) ; refugees in, x6, 36; mil. privileges in, 19, 27X; gov.'s guard in procession, 
aa, 5x; mil. chapel, as, X95, ^9^* «7, tZSp »«• 189, X90, J9, 58, 59, 36, xo, 26, 
*7» 3^ 3S, 36*4^ 4^, X4! nuL salutes, costly, a6, 255; notice of revolt sent to, 41, 
22, 64, 65; careless rdg. Moro raids, 225, 226; abandonment of presidios regretted 
in, 284; pirate causes fear in, 326; debtors in fortifications, 4a, 302; mil. educ 
of Span, youth provided for, 45, 242. See also Military. 

Tradii intertribal trading port, 3, 92; trade center, x, 68, 6, 282, x6, 246, 276, 
19, 28, 22, 236, 239, 247, 248, a3, 282, a4, 249, 322, as, X3x, x8o, 37, xoo, xio, 
a8, 259, 36, 205, 268, 39, 88, 44, 302, 47, 260; dependent on Acapuico and Chin, 
trade, i, 68, ao, xs, X3X, ^^, 2o» 97, 250, 27X, a4, X50, as, X37, 36, 262, 4a, 205, 
206; absorbed in com., 41, X4, xxs, xx6; bal. of trade against, sx, 252; trade, 
extensive, 3, xox ; trade in, attracts settlers, 6, 287 ; increased and extended, 7, 22X, 
4a, xx8, XX9, X52, x8o; declines, ^Zt xx, 48, a9, 76, 4a, 235, 236; Manila by slave- 
trade, x8, 25, 3x9; menaced by Dutch, ^2^ X82; merchants of, ruined by Chin, 
trade, a9, 74; ruined, sx, 42, 43; office of corredor de lonja in, 3, 251, 252; ex- 
change, xa, X23; com'] board (consulate, tribunal of com., trade commission), x, 
63, la, X3, 59. 72, 75, 17, 302, ^z, 48-51, 4S, 242; chamber of com., 5a, 147; 
trading cos. in, X, 41, 67; traders and merchants in, 8, X77, a8, 217 (French), 
40, 288, S^, X07; how regarded by Span, merchants, X13; Span, of, mainly occu- 
pied in trading, x6, 176; selling free in, xo, 307; freedom of com. granted to, 
49, 75, 7^! laxity in trade in, xa, 69; merchants depend on loans from obras pias, 
48, 3x3; operations of merchants in, 5X, 147; employment of private capital 
urged, X9X, X92; foreign consuls urged for, 265; trade permitted to citizens, xa, 
54; com'l privileges, X4, 3x4, a8, 76; restrictions and limitations, i, 68, 6, X9, 
X67, 169, 261, 262, aa, 16, X45, 316, a3, 55, 63-65, a4, 255, :i5y 14, X30, 131, X40, 
X43, a9, 12, 48, 310, 49, 310; inhab. ask removal of restrictions, 44, 230, 27X, 
275. 45, 54; agents, a3, 49-5X, ^4, X95, X96, 3»9, ^5, X26, X27, a9, 1x4; Acapuico 
gall, cargo, etc, x, 66, 8, 236, X4, 283, xs, 237, 258, x6, 45, 146, 182, x8, 78, X13, 
X80-X82, 185, 247, X9, 225, ao, X3, XX4, 22, 85, x8x, a4, 89, x2o, x6x, 2$, 39, 40, 
a6, 280, 28x, a9, 72, xx3, XX4, X42, X50, 166, x68, 171, X94, X98, 31, 79. 34, a96. 



552 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

Manila (continued) — 

Si3» 449. 35» 5S. 37, 8i, 14«» X4a» 39, XS«. »95. 4«b a«7» 4ai X75» «7«f 49. «9S. 
195. 19^. 51. Z47. 240 (kc also Conmieroe, and Shipt) ; annual thipt needed at^ 
50, Z85; inhab. app. committee to manage Acapuloo trade, 27, 160; id. ntk for 
leniency in regulating, id^ 206, 207; id. refuse to lade galL, 25. S4* ^3. 7>> >7> 
179. 1S3, 30, 86, 88, 90, 44, 351, 297; id. obliged to ship goodi, ayo; id. offer to 
pay for bldg. gall^ 44, 237; id. engage in priyate trade, ao, 99; u^ accuaed of il- 
legal traffic, 217, 167, z68, an, 30, 60-62; memorials and petitions by inhab^ 30, 
as, Sa. 57. 59-61, 95, 45, 41-54, $7, 6x, 69-75, 88, 47. as^; investmenti, «, 177, 
178, J J, 3x8, as, 15, "S, 1X4. xa4-x»6. «9, 7°^ 77. 79, 37, »3; loans by merchanta, 
aa, 316, 23$ Sh 47. 236, 237 (see also above. Govt) ; exempt from duties, 4, 
107; import dutiea in, abolished, 7, 15, 139; import and export, duties, 9, 62, 14, 

«5, 73, X40, ^49, 15, 56. x8«. «86, as, 138, X39. «43. X44. 51. a59; vahab. resist 
paym't of duties, 34, 24, 304, 305; offer of inhab. for composition of duties, 44, 
230; customhouse, si. 25, 171; proposed dutiet at, 233; Acapuloo duties sent to, 
9, 230. 

Exports and imports, i, 68, 6, 150, 261, 269, 302, 7, 34, 35, 10^ 163, 14, 73, 
231, 15, 56, 67, 172, 203, 234, 254, 256, 303, 305, 16, 47, 176, 177, 179, 181, 183, 
185, 186, 234, 236, 281, 282, 17, 106, 237, 18, 17, 175-180^ a3, 53, «4, 150, 160, 
286, as, i2o^ 121, 126, a6, 137, 274, 281, a9, 32, 49, 77, 78, 82, 197, 306-308, 34, 

187, 35f X37, 36, 201, 202, 259, 39. 3X, 4^, X49, ao6, 215, 47, 95, X53, ««5, »67, 
268 ; should import horses and cattle, 6, 171 ; export of native products should be 
unrestricted, 16, 177; lack of mdse. in, 19, 69; mdse. abundant in, 4a, 119 (see 
also China, and Chinese) ; profits in, 8, 183, 16, 176, ao, 132, a4, 171, 208, as, 
112, 113, a6, 288, 290^ SI, a4o; losses, 14, 11, 64, 148, IS, 234, a4, 221, 41. 3^; 
prices in, IS, I73, 16, 144, 18, 179, 324, 2a, 271, a3, 4«, ^6, 277, 35, X94, «95. 
37, 282, sx» 155, 335; poverty of merchants^ a9, 194, 36, 50; failures and law- 
suits of id^ 3S, 250^ 4a, 301. 

Inter-island trade, with Joloans, 4, 175, 43, 164; J0I6 has no trade with, si. 
6x; trade with natives should be encouraged, 16, 177; with Ilocos, 18, 99, a3, 
279; with Romblon, 3S, 86; with Mindanao, 39, 81; with Mex^ 6, 19, 25, 166, 
167, 244, as, 21, a4, 208^ 25, 112, 1x3, 126, 127, a9, 53, 114, 31, 225 (see also 
Com., and Mex.) ; widi Peru (g»v.). 

Foreign trade, I, 68; with Japan, 68, 8, 285, 10, 207, is, sa, 202, 203, 252, 
16, 281, 18, 340, 92, 17, 68, X7X, X72, a4, 2x4, a9, 79, 3s, 57, 36, 260; with other 
islanders, 4, X89, 203, 16, X34, as, X92, 38, 70^ 47, 233; with mainland, 3, ^Sl 
with Port., 6, 303, 8, x82, 16, X84, S^S, XX2-XX4, 1x9, 120^ 126, 128, 135, 136; with 
Macao, 8, 174, X77, x8o^ x8x, 22, x8, x88, X95, 23^ 4«, «9, 306, 37, «9a, 4^, ^SO, 
X5x; with China, 10, 207, is, X72-X74, a9, 306, 4a, 15, 152; with India, 23, ix, 
30*33, 53, 97 (^*)» 36, 260, 49, 27; with Cochinchina, a4, 207; with Coroman- 
del coast, 4a, X52; Brit, trading ship at, 43, X77 (see also the several countries 
and peoples). 

Miscellaneous, daily markets in, 7, 34; Chin, goods made in, 225; inhab. 
treated unfairly by Mex. merchants, a4, x6o; extortions on merchants, 39, 302; 
merchants fined, 302; is. supplied from, 44, 83; comM funds lost, 4s, 253; ex- 
position in, 46, 363; project for annual fair at, S^, 3^2; merchants of, favored 
by trade in native products, 47, 257; alcaiceria, 48, X80-X83 (see also Chinese, II: 
Paridn) ; plan to estab. bank in, S^, 3"* See also Commerce, and Philippine 
Islands. 

Religion and morals: Mahometanism in and about, 4, 150, 151, 7, X43, la, 296, 



Manila] INDEX 553 

Id, X34; surrounded by pagani, 6, 159, 7, 143, 254, 4a, 141 (see also Pagans) ; 
many Chris, in, 34, 291; given ecc entity, 4, xax (see also Ecc: See of Manila) ; 
rel. and other ecc in, i, 39, 4, 79, 6, 18, 159, 8, la, 44, 59, 98, 9, 113, 14, »/• a^x, 17, 
70, 18, 44, JO, IIS, xaa» «i. 349, 298, aa, 90^ 3«6, J3, 226, 234, 240, 243, 258, 267, 24, 
30,31,40,85,89,154, X60, i6a, J5, 19. «57, 300-321, j6, a66, j8, 97, 118, 195, 205, 
ao6, 326, 359, J9, 25, 29, 185, 3a, 48-50, 53, x68, 34, a9«, 4' 5, 35, a94, »96, 36, 80, 82, 

37, X4, x88, 189, 38, 9, 38, 39, 41, 260, 4^, X4, 1*4, XJ^9, «36, X37, x86, 44, 3*, 37, 

38, 74, 45, 197, 46, X4, 59-61, 49, a^o^ a*x, 5i, 99, 53, xx6; nuns in, aa, 9, 
107, 35, 297 (see also Poor Claret) ; miss*y center, 6, 298, x8, 165, ax, 129, a8, 
zao; priests needed in, 13, X89; theologians in, consulted, 33, 55, 62, 63; rel. 
sent in chains to, 267 ; rel. supplied from, 34, 72 ; rel. of, less arrogant than those 
of prov., a8, 223; rel. driven from Japan to, 32, 48-50^ X39; preacher to Span, 
in, 53; magistrates favor Jes., 36, 80; Rec. labor on contracosta of, 41, 91-99, 
187; Toumon in, 4a, 14, 136, X37, 45, X97; supports European priests in China, 
4a, X39; Jes. admin, in prisons, 44, 32, 37, 38; Span, youth of, unsuited for ecc. 
life, 45, 182, 183; friars dominate, 5a, xx6; convents, x, 39, 42, 4, 13, 1x7, 6, 
» 7, 3a. 2oSf 206, 8, 98, X40i 286, 9, d4, 10, 88, ii, 98, 14, 82, 16, X40-X43, 
17, 290^ X9, X5, 286, ao, X25, ai, 70, 73, 2^, X07, a3, 262, a4, X57, 248, as, 
X62, a6, 9, x<^ 22, 23, a8, X28, X47, 170^ 200, 2ox, 243, a9, 57, 58, X07, 30, 139, 
35, «9» MX, 223, 294-299, 36, X70, 2x7, 37, X84, 38, 44, 4h xoo, 4a, X70, 47, 
236, 142, 200, 49, X28, 3XX, 323, 50, 89, X70, 51, XX3, x68, 5>, ^70 (see also the 
aeveral rel. orders) ; churches and chapels, 3, X40, 4, X3, XX7, xx8, 7, 89, 206, 228, 
23X, 248, 8, 238, 308, IX, 63-65, 74, 253, X3, X3, x6, X36, X38, X52, x68, X7, 58. 
277, 18, 237, X9, 16, x62, ao, 79, 1x5, ai, 72, a3, x6, 204, 235, as, X75, X95, 
«9^, a47, «7, 34, 38, 39, 335, ««, ^3, X07-X09, xx6, XX7, X24, X27, X46, X63, X83, 
189, 190^ 19a, i97-«>6, 272, a9, 35, 57, 58, 3a, 54, 34, 350, 35«, 353, 357, 38o» 35, 
222, 23X, 259, 36, x<^ 26, 27, 29, 3a, 33, 36-4*, ao8, 209, 37, «95» 200, 38, 44, 

43, X4, X4X, x6o^ 302, 45, 255, 47, X4, 64, X33, X53, X63, 205, 224, SO, 259, 260 
(see also Churches, and Ecc: See of Manila) ; Inquisition in, 7, 128, xo, 14, 16, 
"54, ^4, 77, «S, XXX-XX3, X96, X97, 36, xx, 69, 70, 73, 89, X05, 37, a8i ; ecc cab. 
of, 17, X27, 19, 209, ai, 270, 36, 27, 28, 246, 45, X02 (see also Ecc: Clergy, etc) ; 
parishes, 9, 237, a4, X57, a8, 224; Pariin curacy, 50, X44 (see also Chinese, II: 
Pariin) ; patron saints, XX, X96, la, 182, 253, X3, 282, 14, 36, X35, X36, ax, X55, 
^3t 200^ a6, 2x2, a8, X24; confraternities, xa, 247, 250, 13, 69, 7X, X29, X30, ao, 
20, 30, 227, 240-242 (see also Confraternities, and below, Misericordia) ; congre- 
gation, 13, X25; miracles in, ai, X58 (see also Ecc: miracles); Holy Crusade, 
a8, XX3, XX5, xx6 (see also Ecc) ; beaterios, X35, X4X, X73, 205, 358, 4a, X2x, 45, 
259, 260, 3x4, 47, X37, 49, X28, 2o6, 51, 2x0 (see also Beaterios) ; confessional in, 

44, 29; tithes in, 50, X49; prov'l synod. (1582-86), 51, 298; prov*l council in 
(1771), 3<3; festivities, processions, etc, la, x82, 247, 248, 15, X34-X36, x68, 17, 
X24, 18, 80, 227, X9, XX, 6X-66, ai, 268, 269, 33, 200, a4, X7, X74, X75, a7, X7. 
330-340, 366, a9, 10, 33, 38, 39, 43, 44, 88, X32, X33, X48, 205, 2x5, 235, 24X, 35, 
2x8, 225, 36, 23-43, 246, 37, 162, 2x3, 282, 4a, X5, X64-X66, 229, 230, 285, 3x2, 
44, X59, x6o, so, 65, 66; rel. absolutism near, i, 77; civil-ecc disputes, 7, X26- 
X3X, X36, X9, 222, 2$, 290^ a8, X95, 34, 27, 46, X4, 59-6X (see also Anda, Bus- 
tillo de Bustamante, Camacho, Ecc, Guerrero, Pardo, G. Perez Dasmarinas, D. 
Salazar, and the several rel. orders) ; public prayers in, 17, 277, 19, 234, 39, 
^56, 257, 36, 246, 247; rel. status, 6, x8, X59, 8. 98, 9, 63, 228, 10, X44, X45, 13. 
x6, 17, X2, 56, 36, 23, 90, 208-2x0, 37, 192, X93, 4a, 230^ 44, ^7, 2%, 47, X4^ 
49, 75, 76, 325, 5X, X76; orphans and charitable work, ao, 242, aa, 225, 226, 



554 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

Manila (ooodnued) — 

j8, 127-129, 176, x88, 357, 36, 90^ 209, 281, 37» i»3. 3S, 44> »39. 4^, x6o, 281. 
48, 253, 256, 265, 266, 47, 36-38, 208, 209 (lee alio Almi, Hotpiuls, Orphans, 
and below, Sta. Potendana) ; hotpioe, aS, 272, 46, 265, 8X» 283, 284; hotpltals 
(see Hotpitab) ; education (see Education). Miscellaneous, visitation of sub- 
urbs, ai, 72 (see also Ecc.: See of Manila); images presented to^ 156; inhab. 
attend dedication in, 270; ecc. prison, a8, 185, 196 (see also above. Pop. and 
social conditions); inhab. ask absolution, 37, 192; rel. revival, 192, 193; sermon 
preached in, 50, 178; pilgrimages made from, sit 9^' 

Santa (Santta) Potendana (Potengiana, Potcnziana, convent; seminaiy, and 
refuge for girls and women), hist and description, 45, 254-257, 368, 269, 305; 
estab. urged, 8, 19; built and esub., i, 43, 8, x6, 9, xx, 64* 137, 237, 238, la, 
21, 253, 14, 35, 16, 246, 17, 293, 18, 282, j8, X23, X24, 198, 199, 48, »55, 5i, 
299; needs repair, 49, x88, 189; location, a6, 47; site removed, is, 273; de- 
stro3red by earthquake, 38» a^; under roy. patronage, 13, 241, 14, 35, 163, 18, 
282, J J, 275, j8, X24, 39, X09; for girls and women, 9, 140^ 10, 129, xa, 253, 

13, 3a» Hh 14, 35, x^S, 16, X42, 246, 18, 282, j6, 86, J8, xix, X24, 127, X29, 
X85, 196, X98, J9, X09, xxo^ 36, 209, 38, 44, 47, »w, 48, x86; no. in, 9, X38, 

14, X63; mestizas in, jo, 220; boarders transferred to other institutions, 38, X99; 
inmates should be seduded, 14, 196, J9, X4; paym't made for shelter in, 45, 
255; sem. in (in part for orphans), u, 253, 14, X63, 2xx, x8, 282, so, 243, a8, 
X24, X26, X27, x88, X89, X99, 36, 209, 48, 268; rules and instructions rdg., 9, 238, 

13, 24X, 242, 39, X4, X09, xxo; nuns needed in and ordered for, 10, X4, ix, X7, 
291; needs protection, xo, 90; should be in charge of ecc. person, ax, X04; chap- 
lains in, 14, 260, ao, 8x, as, 3x2, a7, 25, X24, a8, X24, 36, 209; aid needed, 
petitioned, and granted, 9, X3, X7, X37, X38, lO, X29, X4, x6, x8, X63, 18, 22, 282- 
288, ao, 20, 242-244, a7, X24, 4a, x6o, 48, asS, »57, 47, 14a, 49, »SS l daughters 
of Span, rec'd free, in, 45, 256; expenses and resources, 47, 134; purveyor, pun- 
ished, 47, 52; good hoped from, 9, X37; its charitable work, xo, X28, X29; good 
results of, la, 253, 254; dowries given by, a8, X26, X29, X87, x88; scandals in, 
18, 267, 268, 19, X33, X77, X78, ao, x8, 2x9-223; mass and services in, xo, 271, 

14, 36, as, 267, 4a, 87, 44, 37; inspected, 13, 24X; confessions in, 44, 32; 
Misericordia {g,v, below), estab. in, 47, X2, 26; it sustains orphan girls in, 6x, 
63; church, xo, 27X, la, 253, 14, 3^, ^^i H^f ^5, 167, 38, 44, 4a, 204; status, 
8, 238, 10, X3, X4, x8, 25X, II, 283, 29X, 14, X63, 36, 89, 9a 

Misericordia (Santa Misericordia, House of Mercy, confraternity), estab. 
(1594), 9, 138, io» a8» ^so, 16, X42, 17, 2x0, 287, ao, 24X, a8, X24-X28, X99, 
35t 3^3t Alt ii» '3, ^3-28; subordinate to Lisbon house, 26; founds branch house 
in Formosa, 3a, 223, 47, 60; under roy. patronage, a8, X28, x88, 47, X70, X76; 
gov. protect, X2, 29; exemptions and privileges, 29, 72, 79, X70; indulgences, 77, 
78; relics, 78; reformed by Cortes, 51, 283; description and history, 14, 208-2x3, 
ao, 241, 242, a8, 199, 47, "-i4» *3-85, ^^Sl rules, regulations, and admin., 14, 
209-213, ao, 24X, a8, 128, X87, 200, 47, 12, 25, 27, 36, 49-59, X35; dress and in- 
signia of members, 36, 30; objects and activities, i, 43, 9, 138, 139, 10, xo, 
13, 18, 29, 37, 293, II, 166, 13, 32, 33, «9, 14, 18, 19, 209-213, 16, 142, ao, 39, 
241-244, 2:t, HI, a6, 37, 37, 22, 2S, X3, 124-128, x86-i88, X99, 200, 205, 206, 
a9, 172, 36, 52, 209, 3S, 47, 44, 282, 45, 42, 257, 269, 304, 47, 12-X4, 24, 28-30, 
36-40, 42-49, 60, 6x, 63-68, 70, 73, 75, 7^, 80-85, X20, 164, 2x0-2x2, 216, 218, 48, 
X84, 49, 345, 50, 89, 5a, 343; work of, compared with that of Lisbon House, 
47, 13, 24, 50; id, compared to that of rel. orders, 49; chief charitable institution 



Manila] INDEX 555 

in Manila, ao, ao; refuses to aid evil-doers, 47, 39; members, officers, and boards^ 
10, 38, ao, 241, a8, 134, X44. «45t X7«i X99» 47, xs, X4t a6-38, 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 
4«» 44» 47, 5«-S9, 7^-7*1 ^ 81, 135, 5a, 343; elections, 47, 51; patrons, 71; rey. 
and source thereof, 14, 3x3, ao, 241, 343, a8, 199, 300^ 4a, x6o^ 44, 374, 380^ 381, 
47, 14. 4«, 4», 44, 49-SXf ^7, 7«, 73, 75i 7^, 84, 308-3x4; disbursements, ao, 34X, 
a8, X36, x88, 47, Ht 3*, 39, 4a-5<N to, 63, 64, 66-68, 70^ 71, 73-76, 83, 84, X70; 
aimual disbursement in excess of those of Lisbon House, 34; losses, 35, 333, 47, 
67, 76; experiences hard times, 73; sues Mex. agents for funds withheld, 48, 
X40; possess, support, and work in hosp., etc., 10, 39, 30, 33, 35, 37, 39, 137, X38, 
47, x6, x63, X73-X79; its church, a8, xo8, x86; chaplains and chaplaincies, X38, 
X40, 38, 89, 47, X4, 79; fellowships, a8, X38; its seminary, 36, 309, 38, 44, 4a, 
87; praised and honored, 13, 32, 33, 47, 73; recognized by tribunals, a8, X38; 
petitioned, 2% is, x6, X73-X74, 47, 44, 66; at funeral ceremony, 36, 37, 38; pro- 
cession passes its house, 347; protests against decree of 1730, 44, 380; has suit 
with Jes., 48, X33; manifesto against^ 47, 13, 48, 49, 73; attends celebrations, 
63, 63; requested to attend octave, 69; appeals to Jes. aniv., 3xx. See also Con- 
fraternities. 

Morals: society in, at low standard, 51, 175, X76; public life in, ga, X55; dis- 
solute Fil. in, xa, 87; natives of, degraded, 51, 98; Span, of, vicious, 3a, 53; 
Span, of, thieves, 51, 98; vice, immorality, and corruption in, 10, 86, 87, a6, 86, 

87, 90, 31, 66, 69, 37, x6x, 39, Mo^ a^S, »a7, ^45, M, ^49, 50, 35, 93 (bribes) ; 
among women, a6, 86, a8, xxx, X85, X96, a9, xxo, 31, 50, 51, 66, 71, 47, 3x3, 51, 
175, 176; prostitutes leave, 49, 175; polygamy not practiced at, la, 33; lawless 
acts committed in, 11, 53; scandals in, 18, 367, 368, 19, X33, X77, X78, ao, x8, 
3x9-333; attitude of Misericordia toward immorality, 47, 39; reformations in, 30, 
140^ X4X, 31, 10^ 44, 45, 44, ^7, a8, 38, 93-96, 51, 55 ; promiscuous bathing in, 
X77; freethought spreads in, X79; Span, prestige in, dead, 5a, 96. See also 
above, the rest of this subdivision, Crimes, and Offices, corruption in. 

Relations with other places and peoples: foreigners hostile to, 9, 63; with Jap., 
I, 68, 3, loi, 7, 99, 8, 356, 260, 361, 385, 395, 9, 9, 10, 33, 40, 48-50^ 54, XX5, 
X33, 135, X43, 375, 15, 33, 67, XX9, X25, X39, X30, X96, X98, 203, 303, 35X-253, 16, 
6x, X98, 362, 375, 38x, 17, X35, 18, 340, 19, X94, ai, 85, 86, as, x6, X7, 68, X45, 
X7X, X73, 224, 3x6, 23, xa, 55, 6a-68, 262, a4, X73, 205, 2x4, 243, 244, 275, 276, 
«9, ", 79, 31, 171, 3a, 48-50» »39, X63, 34, 444, 35, ao, 57, 3x0, 38, 57, 44, 28; 
with Eng., I, 74, a, 78, 7, 67, 68, 17, 296, 297, 298, a8, 200, 2x4, 38, 267, 39, 
79, XX4, 43, 178, 46, 288, 47, 88, 233, 49, 109, X28, X34, X52, X70, 312, 3*3, 3*4, 
329, 332 (see also above, Defenses) ; with peoples of Phil., 3, i7i 14, 22, 295, 
398, 15, 101, 240, 17, 32X, 22, XX7, 1x8, 205, 2XO, 2X1, a4, X42, X43, 25, xs3, 
«9, I5» >S6, 3a, X93, 38, 7X, 40, X28, X29, 348, 41, 300, 301, 49, 43, ^66; with 
other islanders, 4, X94, 14, X74, 16, X3, S9, 60, 17, 3x8, 18, 257, 19, X99, 22, 
X9, 2x6, 35, X82, 43, I2X, X22, X25, X83, X84; with Cambodians, 9, 76, X7X, 15, 
79, 8x, 82, X79, 279, 16, 254, 268, 34, 277, 31, ", 13, 76, 78, i"-"3, X7S; witii 
Macao and Chin., 8, x8i, 17, X3x, 20, xo8, 33, X2, 39, 257, 31, 75, 3^, 26, 35, 
XX4, 4a, X7, X33, X95, X98, 48, 3x0; with Port, 15, 23, 269, 270^ a4, X72, 35, 
X4, X25, X30, X3X, X40, X43; with Siamese, 15, X53, 33, X39, 33, xxx, 34, 172; with 
Dutch, 17. I", iia, "6, X45, 276, 18, 72, x86, 19, 17, 58, 209, 215-234, 247, aa, 
X26, 3x8, 33, 96, a4, X20, 39, 85, 35, 12, x8, xx6, xx7, X29, X30, X35, X54, X56, 
X58, 228-23X, 249, 250, 253-256, 37, 159, 280, 3S, 4X, 47, 232, 235, 238-24X; with 
French, 233. See also the several nations, countries, islands, peoples, and tribes. 

Events in history: conquest and founding of, by Span., a, 83, 3* 19, '53, i73, 



5S6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manila 

Manila (ooodnued) — 

174, i8o^ 2SO, 296, 397, 3x5. ^f 89» Uf H, I5» 48-S«, l^ iS^, »3«. »33i I7, »«S. 
19, asx, ai. x»8» ^7, 77» ««, X07, 108, 169, 34, 377t 36, 88, aos, 40, 38, 116; 
pope erects into city, 4, xai (see alfo Eoc.: See of Manila) ; diiatters in (lee 
above, in genera] description of dty, Fires, etc.) ; occurrences in, at yarious dates, 
la, 244-256, 13, 30-37» 67-7«» »a3-X3X» x8a-i88, 36, 15, 16, 3x8-a6o, 307, 40, 
3X-3X; inhab. threaten to leave Phil., 44, S69; Gov. Bustillo Bustamante mur- 
dered by mob (1719), 17, a9S» 44» xi, 158-160^ 166, 168-170, 183, 46, 13, 33 
(see also Bustillo Bustamante); Eng. invasion and capture (1762-64), 46, 388, 
49> entire (see also above, Defenses); Carlist exiles in, 51, 66; cable laid to 
(ra., X870), 5a, 1x9; steamship line to Spain opened, 17, 308, 309; captured by 
Amer. (1898), 3x2, a8, 366, 52, 1x9, 12a See also above, all other subdivis- 
ions. 

Miscellaneous: travelers in, X, 52, 65, 71, 74; FiL in, learn Span., 83; Goiti 
seeks and receives information of, 3, 8x, 9X ; G. ordered to take ships to, 158 ; G. 
takes wife to, 162; Span, desire to reach, 90; ships at, 82, 4, 26, 1x6, 6, xxo^ X8f 
74, 78, 79, 8x, "3, »67, 16, X46, 18, 45, j6, 2x3, J7, 3XX, 340^ a9, S», 33, X4*, 
37, x68, X87; shipwrecked Span, in, 17, X37, 39, X5; workmen perish in wreck 
at, 24, 98 ; shipwreck near, 25, X23 ; mail service with Hongkong, 17, 305 ; mails 
arrive in, 39, X3X, 4a, X63, X75; new waterwa3rs to, should be opened, x8, 295, 
296; conference of pilots in, 19, 29; navigation from, difficult, 33, 175; signal 
station for, X96, 25, x88, 36, 237 (see Phil. Is.: Corregidor) ; navigation en- 
couraged at, j8, 203, 204; Span, reach by W. route, 49, 322 (see also Ships, and 
above, Trade) ; fabulous accts. of, 3f 82; native of, aids Span., 92; native reports 
current in, x6o; exploration carried on from, X71; scarcity of lead in, 4, 23; 
warning arrives late in, 26; Span, summoned to^ 37; lacks advantages, 70; Span, 
return to, 89; letter, written in language of, X62; Rizal in, 15, 36; L. Perez 
DasmariiSas awaits news from, x68; false reports rdg. Acuiia in, 16, 317; cal- 
endar, 17, 252, 262; dissensions after Acufia's death, 18, X09, ixo; comets ob- 
served in, 224; ore sent to^ 20, 294, 297; property at, sequestered, ai, ix, 89; 
natives of, summoned, j8, X07; Span, retire to, X79, 29, 20x, 2xx; envy of na- 
tions, 35, 53 ; warning to Formosa sent from, X37 ; suburban vill. near, 36, 9X-95 ; 
musical contest in, 45, 245; timber scarce in, 47, 293; anger of inhab. at Ali- 
mudin, 48, X65; confusion in, 49, 202; despatches from, at Madrid, 3x0; condi- 
tion of sciences in, 51, 98, 99; rules for printing promulgated in, 53, xx; arch- 
ives, X3-X5. 

Manila (prov. of): formerly called Tondo, 5a, xxs; importance and description, 
'^» 9^, 97! r^cc produced in, X02; better governed than other prov., 8* ^24; its 
civil govt, 17, 306; Tag. language used in, 16, XX7; vagabondage in, 44, X28. 

Manilao (Manilau, prov.): in sec. jurisd. of N. Ciceres, 8, X24; assigned in en- 
comienda, 34, 308. 

Manilians (inhab. of Manila, q,v,) : attitude toward gov., i, 5a 

Manindin (chief of Butig) : joins Corralat, 35, xo8. 

Manisua (vill. in Luz6n) : location, la, 208. 

Manjuyod (vill. in Negros Prov.) : pop. (1878), aS, 32X; Rec. admin., 32X. 

Mankukulam (Magkukulam, Mancocolam, msrthical creature or witch in Phil.) : 
superstitions rdg., 7, X92, 43, 3x0-315, 3x8, 3x9. 

Manning, — : explores Solomon Is., 15, X03. 

Manobos (Manobos, Man6bos, Man-Suba, Manuba, Malayan pagan tribe of Min- 
danao) : derivation and meaning of word, 40, X23, 41, X54, 43, 241, 275; hab- 



Manriquc] INDEX 557 

iut, 34, 175, 40, 123, 29%, 299, 315, 43» 197. 241, a7S, 289; their origin, 40, 1*3; 
earliest settlers in Mindanao^ 133; pop^ 43, 341, 341, 377; language, difficult, 
343; word in, 40, txi; two tjrpes, 43, 376; characteristics, 36, X38, 41, 154, 43, 
34X, 343, 375-377; have fixed habitations, 40, 399, 41, 154, 43, 343; their houses, 
376 ; frequently change residence, 376 ; dress and ornaments, 376, 377 ; chew buyo, 
30X; weaponi^ 36, 131, 133, 43, 341, 376, 377; eat heart of enemies, 33> 357; 
dieir religion similar to that of Mandayas, 43, 376; mortuary customs, 376; sys- 
tem of life, patriarchal, 376; miss, work among^ 41, 17, X53, 154, 43, 343, 374, 
44, 60; easy to reduce, 43» 275; oppress Caraga, 36, 175; unconquered by Mor., 
43» 199; hostile to Mor^ 300; hostile to other peoples, 377, 38z; friendly to Tag- 
abili, 383; capture slaves, 341; pay trib. to Span., 40, 399; insurrection of, 38, 
106, X39; allied with Span., 41, 398. 

Manoel (Emmanuel, Manuel) I (king of Port, X495-153Z): papal concessions to, 
I, 138; negotiates treaty, 146; his attitude rdg. Moluccas, 149; sultan of Egypt 
complains of, 6, 59; negotia^ons with, and treatment of Magalhies, X, 36, 309, 
33t >59> 364> 34i 39! lus demarcation to be respected, i, 37; letters to and from, 
93, 376-379, 343, 6, 59, 60; compared to Cirlos I, 33, 139; Hfc, i, 355, 6, 58. 

Manooc, Pedro Manuel (Dapitan chief): loyal to Span., 40, 1x6, 1x7; hostile to 
Moros, 1x7; baptized, Z17; buried in Cebu, XX7. 

Mann jar (vill. in Borneo [?]): galley from, 4, X98. 

Manrique, Francisco, O.S.A.: life and labors, 23, 336, 373, 34, 336. 

Manrique, Jorge (Span, officer): contingent apptmt., a, 37; death, 33. 

Manrique, Matias (Matdiias), O.S.A.: signs opinion, 8, 315, 3x7; sketch, 3x7. 

Manrique, Pedro (alc.-may. of Pangasinan) : services in Phil., 7, X33. 

Manrique de la Cerda, Tomis Antonia (Conde de Paredes, viceroy of N. Espafia, 
1680-86) : favors Rec, 41, 303, 304; apptmt by, 42, 3x3; his representations rd^. 
the Manila trade, 44, 338; sketch, 41, 303, 42, 3x3. 

Manrique (Manrrique) de Lara, Sabiniano (gov. of Phil., X653-63) ; of noble 
family, sS, 19, 30; knight of Calatrava, a8, X09; arrives at Manila, 37, xx, X4, 
xox, X03, X87, sSf X7; shows honor to Poblete, 37, X90, X9X, 51, 304; takes resi- 
denda of predecessor, 3x5, 3x6; despatches fleets, 36, 307; furthers com., 307; 
humbles king of Temate, 307; checks Mor., 307, 41, 3x3, 3x4; lacks means to 
punish pirates^ 3x0; negotiations with Corralat, 399, 30X-303, 44, 99; embassy 
from Siao to, 98; insurrections in Luz6n during his term, and meas. taken by him, 
16, xo8, 36, 307, 37, 293, 393, 38, 145-1^ X65-X67, X93, 41, 58, 77; insur- 
rection of Chin. (x66x-63), and negotiations with Chin., 36, 3x9-344, 260; re- 
wards friendly natives, 340, 38, X64, 41, 65, 83; dismisses native sold., 36, 358; 
his treatment of natives, 37, 392, 41, 58; abolishes offices, 36, 244; sentences 
Venegas, 37, X84; apptmts. by, X9X, 4 J, X23; sends Port, official back to Macao, 
44> 99; fortifies and improves Manila, 37, X9X, 192, 215, 216, 38, 2x6, 41, 89; 
promotes public festivities, 4a, X33; life endangered, 37, 273; his relations with 
rcl. and religion, Ji, X74, a8, X45, 36, xo, 49-52, 65, 7X, 246, 37, X09, xxo, 125, 
x82, 203, 3^, 57, «43, 144, aiS, 4l» 6x, 87, 205, 47, 28, 42; residencia, 36, xo, 23, 
24, 27, 37, 15, 103, 233, 3S, X9; returns to Spain, 37, X5, 234; length of his term, 
36, 207, 37, 219, 38, X39; his successor, 37, 225; sketch, 17, 292, 37, x88; qual- 
ities shown by, 36, x6, 220-226, 229-23X, 244, 38, i8-2x, 56, X46, X47, X54, x6o, 
x6x, x8o, 193, 212, 41, 87, 88; praised, 37, 23, 2^ 2x9, 38, 9, X7, x8, 58, 139, X40; 
letters of, to Misericordia (Mar. X7, x66o^ and Dec. X4, X662), 47, 69, 7x; to 
Madre de Dios (Jan. 2, 1661), 41, 78, 79. 

Manrique de Zuniga, Alonso (Marques de Villamanrique, viceroy of N. Espafia, 



558 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Manriquc 

Manrique de Zunica, Axx)N80 (ooDtinued) — 

1585-89): Salazar oompUini of, 7, ta, 71, 7a; restricts moyemcfits of friars, la, 
7a; injures Phil, commerce, la, 73, 74; neglects PhlL, 75; sends ship to Macao^ 74; 
sells ship, 86; Salazar writes, 74. 
Manrique de Zuniga, Alvaro (Marques de Villamanrique, Villa-Manrrique, 
viceroy of N. Espafia, 1585-90): succeeds Mqya, 6, 66; prevents shipment of 
bricks, 7, aa9; despatches ships, 8, 370; tries to keep reL in Mex., 30, ia4; sends 
Fran, to Spain, 31, 300; removed, 7, ajo; his term, 6, a8a; instructions to, a8a- 
284; letters by, 284-289, 295, a96. 

Manrrique, Capt Alonso (Span, officer) : accompanies Villalobos, a, 6a 

Mansilla, Adj. Alonso de: boards Dutch ship, 11, aji. 

Mansilla, Antonio, S.J.: son of Francisco^ 4 J, 165; in Phil., 165, aoa. 

Mansilla, Martin de, O.S.A.: prior of Pasig, 38, 221. 

Mansilla y Montemayor, Francisco (oidor of Manila): arrival at Manila, 37, 2a9; 
his conflict with Coloma, a9-3a, 35, 6a, a3a, a33, a68-a7i, 4a, t6i; arrested and 
banished, 37, 40, 44, 50-5a, a7o^ a7x; his release petitioned, 45, a7o; Bonifaz's 
meas. against, 45; B. fears, 50; joins conspirators, a6a; brings suit against B., 
278; provisional gov., 17, 393, 39, a45, 4a, 15, 164, 165; aids earthquake suf- 
ferers, 168; despatches gall., 169; his integrity, 37, 40, 4a, 183; personal appear- 
ance and character, 165. 

Mansilla y Prado^ Felipe (son of Francisco): knight of Santiago^ 4a, 165; com- 
mands gall., 169 ; goes to Mex., aoa. 

Manteries: Moro judges, 50, 33. 

Mantilla (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom of Manila, 49, 345. 

Manucan (Manucal, vill. in Mindanao): pop. and trib., a8, 96, 36, 61; Jes. in, 
j8, 96, 36, 57, 6x. 

Manuel, Francisco^ S.J.: in Manila, 36, 54. 

Manuel, Licen. Pedro (Span, official) : takes part in Badajoz junta, X, 174, axa-aax. 

Manufacturers: sent to colon., i, 68, 5a, 88; center for, in N. Espafia, ai, 1x9; 
articles made in Canton, sold in Spain as of European make, 48, a76, 3x8, 3x9; 
promoted in Spain, ga, 353; powder, 14, 354, 16, X39; rope and rigging, 14, a56, 
16, 165, 18, 327, 38, 252; artillery, 15, 6a, 67, 16, X39; machinery, X78 (see 
also Machines and machinery): palm-wine, 234 (see Liquors); leather, 18, 99; 
iron, 175, X76, 47, X09 (see also Mines); laces and embroidery, 46, 355; weav- 
ing, 360; of artificial flowers, 363; indigo, 47, 259. See also Artisans: Occupa- 
tions and industries, and Ships. 

Manuguit, Agustin (Fil. chief): in Calamianes, 7, 97, X03; conspires with Jap^ 
99, 100- X03; sentenced, xxo. 

Manurigao (vill. in Mindanao) : rice distrubuted in, 43, 2x5. 

Manvay: village in Timur, 34, X65. 

Many ago, Francisco (Pampango in Span, service) : incites revolt, 41, xo^ 58. 

Manzano (Manz^no), Juan (Fil. insurgent): depredations and defeat, 41, 8X-83. 

Manzano, Melchor de, O.P.: miss, labors, ^2^ X64, x66,.x67, 287-289, 29X. 

Manzelo, Francisco Antonio (Span, official): report of treas. accts. (1630-35; made 
Aug. x8, X638), as, 74-S6. 

Manzor (Mauzor, 33, 362), Raia Sultan (king of Tidorc) : described, 33, 255; 
age, 255; an astrologer, 253, 255; served by women, 26x, 34, 57; has many chil- 
dren, 33, 26x; hostile to Tcrnatans, 364; leaves Tidore, 34, i3» 43 J h" daugh- 
ters, 55; marriage of one, 57-61; subdues dwarfs, 105; welcomes Span., 33, 251; 



Maps] INDEX 559 

T€f. honors thown to^ 253 ; offers allegiance to Spain, 355 ; invites sailors to feast, 
34» 13; presents to^ 14, 53; requests artillery, 57; presents given by, 55, 61; 
banters Lorosa, 39; inspects Span, weapons, 43; visits ships, 49; trades cloves, 
49; treachery feared from, 49, 51; his fidelity, 49-53; designs to accompany 
Span., 65; his solicitude, 67; gives pilots to Span., 69; sends divers to discover 
leaks, 161 ; delivers Span, to Brito, 158. 

Mafiago, Cristdbal (Fil. insurgent) : shot, 38, 210. 

Mafiago, Francisco (Fil. insurgent): taken to Manila, 38, 160; Malong commun- 
icates with, X65, 166 ; shot, 21a 

Mafiago^ NichoUs (Fil. chief) : leads insurrection, 38, 151. 

Mafiozca, Capt. Lucas de (Span, official) : penalty inflicted on, 19, 134. 

Maoacatoacat (vill. in Luz6n) : miss, moved to, 43, 77. 

Maoanan (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, a8, 159. 

Maolo (Lutao vill.): Esteybar chastises, 41, 307. 

Maomat (chief in Panay) : guides Goiti to Luz6n, 1$, 48. 

Mapoto (vill. in Luz6n) : status (x59x)» 8, 123. 

Maps and Cartographers — 

Cartographers (coemographers) : assist in determining line of demarcation, i, 
141, 206, 207; distances declared by, 196; terms used by, 197; Legazpi not, 3, 45; 
how they represent Asia, 15, 41 ; needed in Phil., 18, 327. 

Names - Acost^ Juan Luis de, 50, 7, 182, 183. Aguirre, Andres de, 9, 3x0, 3x3. 
Alegre, Francisco, 45, 143. Atlas, Laureano (Fil. engraver), 5 J, 354. Behaim 
(Beham, Behem, Behemira, Behen, Boehem, Boehm), Martin de, 33, 69, 3x0^ 3XX, 
S2X. Bellin, Nicolas, 17, 26x, 18, 7, X99, JJ, 7, X35, 33, X35, 24, 220, j6, 229, 
30, 54, 4^1 X53i 5>> 333* Berthelot, Pedro, 25, 7, 57. Blaeu, Joannis, J9, 7, 
279» 43> 150* Blumentritt, Ferdinand, 43, 287. Bowery, T., 53, 49. Cabot, 
Sebastian, J, 37. Cacho, Alejandro, 48, 7a Camelli, G. J., 53, 49. Cantova, 
Juan Antonio, 53, xx, 37. Carr, Richard, 36, 7, 2x5. Castro y Andrade, Tomis 
de, 37, 228, 46, XX, 53, 49, 9, xoo, X83. Clavero, Gregorio^ 53, 49. Coello, — ^ 
I, 322. Dalrymple, Alexander, 35, 7, X32, X33, 48, xx, 39, 49, 9, xo, X99. 
Eratosthenes, i, 202. Estorgo y Gallegos, Francisco Xavier, 49, 205, 50, 7, 35. 
Faden, W., 16, 203 (geographer). Fakymolano [f./., Pakir Mawlana], 41, 7, 280^ 
28x. Ferrer, Jaime, I, X30. Foveda, Pascual, 53, 49. Friend, Robert, 53, $0, $1. 
Garcia de Cespedes, Andres, 9, 3x2, 14, x86. Garrido de Malavar, Adj. Domingo, 
51, 9, 67. Gomez, Miguel A., 51, X91. Gonzalez Cabrera Bueno, Joseph, 48, 
3X, 32. Goos, Abraham, 16, 206. Hacke, William, 38^ 7, 2x3. Herman, Enrique, 
46, XI, 49. Homem, Diego, 34, 9, i$o, X5X. Jesuits of Manila, 29, 275, 35, 17a 
Kelly, Dionisio, 51, 7, 29, 53, 49. Kempthome, Capt John, 3S, 9$. La Frechette, — , 
14, 272. Macrobius, Aurelius Theodosius, i, 202, 19, 268. Mdrquez, Feliciano, 
49, 205, 50, 7, 83, 20X. Mawlana, 46, 48 (see above, Fakymolano). Mercator 
(Mercatore, Mercatorius), — , 16, 7X, 72, 30, 7, 83, 3a, 7, 169, 33» 35*» 34, i7>- 
Moreno, Antonio, 18, 279. Munoz, Ignacio, O.S.A., 36, 243. Murillo Velarde, 
Pedro, S.J., 24, X75, j8, x6x, 33, 324, 40, 28x, 298, 47, 88, 48, frontispiece, xx, 49, 
X5» ^3? 53> 50 (see also Books). Norton Nicols, Nicholas, 48, 11, 28x. Ortelius, J, 
66, 3, X3, 86, 87, 4, 7, 128, 129, 33y 35^, 34, i7» (»«« a^so Books). Pagtcel, P., 
48, 39. Pakir Mawlana, see above, Fakymolano, and Mawlana. Palacios Ger6n- 
imo Martin, 14, X83, X84. Pigafetta, Antonio, a, X02, 33t 9, 86, 92, 102, xi2, 
X36, 202, 210, 230, 238, 242, 246, 250, 3x7, 34, 9. 7a, 104, x'o. 1x4, "8, 134- 
Ramusio, 16, 206. Rios Coronel, Hernando de los, 9, 304, 307 (see also Books). 



560 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Maps 

Maps and Cartographbis (ooocimwd) — 

Rochette, L.S. de la, 16, 203. SaUTennia, Santiago, $3* 59* Saloedo, Leon, 46, 
346. Sanda, Francisco de, 15, xao, xax. Sanson d' Abbeville, Nicolas^ 37, 7, 
74t 75> 36* 50- Sanz, Tomis, 51, 9, 193. Saimiento^ Pedro, 15, 6x. Siscarra, 
Juan de, 46, frontispiece^ xx. Somera, Josf, 41, 7, 53, 52, xx, 347, $3* 3^* Sonio- 
villa Tejada, Juan de, 36, 7, 93. Thome Robert^ 33, 3x4. Urdaneta, Andres 
de, O.S.A., 33, X24, X77 (see also^ Urdaneta). Val, Pierre du, 39» 7» i*9 (aee 
also Books). Vas Dourado^ Ferfiao^ 33, 9, 270^ 27X. Visscher, Nicolaus, a, 66, 
3a, 7, X53 (see also Books). Vizcaino^ Sebastian de, 14, 184. Zond, Alessandro^ 

I. X94- 
Maps (charts, sea-charts, draughts, plans): mappemundes, i, 196; globes, 27* 

X77, 185-X87, X90-X92, X96, 6, 203, 9, 45, 4^1 x«5; hydrographical, i, X34, X35, 

219, 226, 41, 29s, 45, 253, 267; geographical, 36, X96, 45> »7<N »77; topographical, 

5a, 214; ethnographical, 43, 268, 389; used and consulted at Junta of Badajosi 

X, 177, 180-187, X9X-X92, X95-X99, 207, 208; Port and Span, differ, X82-X85, 187; 

Span^ X83.X85, X87, X95, a, 37, 3, 126, 3S, a4S; Port., i, 184, X95, X98, 207, 20S, 

268, 3, X26, 34, 2x2 ; Chin., 3, 24, 2x8, 276, 284, 4, 6x, 9X, 93 ; Chin, have no^ 6, 

X24; Dutch, aS, X02; Eng., 38, 243; distances on, measured, x, 184; altered and 

corrected, X87, 195, 196, 198, 207, 208, a, 37, 43, X34; inaccurate and worthless, 

a, 86, 15, X69, X77, 43, X32, X33; accurate, needed, 18, 326; not allowed to be 

uken from Port, x, 195; seized and destro3red, X95, 268, ix, x64« 34, X59, 38, 

70; makers of, consulted, I, X96; in India House of Trade, 226; ordered made, 

226, 227, 14, X83, 80, 6x; admiralty charts i, 321, 322; sent to Spain, 3, 24, 

2x8, 284, 4, 6x, 9x, 93; sent to N. Espafia, 3, 284; promised to Layexaris, 284; 

information contained on, 4, 93; sold in China, 93; sent from Siam, 9, 2ox, 202; 

sent to Gov., 290^ 29X, 16, 247; colored and illuminated, xg, 6x; Sande shows to 

Jap., x2o; old names on, x6, 206; of pilots, ax, 267; in Jes. coll., a8, 202; Mag- 

alhaes sails by, 33i 1x7, 326; directions reversed on, 3x7; Lavezaria borrows, 34, 

x8, 212; Dampier curries, 38, 246, 39, xx6, XX7; place-names on, 4a, 2x7; in 

school equipment, 46, X85; taken to Eng., 47, 88; of various regions, dted, 

Brazil, x, x8o; India, 198, X8, 6x, a4, 220^ 4a, X53 (Madras and Coromandel 

coast) ; Moluccas, x, X99, 15, 6x, 36, X96; early, of N. Amer., a, 87; China (in 

whole or in part), 3> Ht ^^h >7^i 3^4* '^ 9^ '8> i^9i i77> >9» ^l PluL (in 
whole, various and dist), 3, 24, 9, 290^ 291, xg, 41, 6x, 2x8, a3, 177, a4, 175, 
aS, 283, 36, 243, 37, »a«i 38, 27X, 40, 28x, 43, 289, 44f 6$, 46, 48. ^4^ 47, 
x58-x6o^ 48, 70, 5X, 73, X60, 5a, 354. 53. 39; California, X4, X84; Indian Ocean, 
16, 203; Malaca, X7, 26x; Formosa, 2^^ 97, 35, 39; Australia and New Zealand, 
a8, 102; Rica de Oro, a9, 80; straits of Magellan, 33. 69, 3x0; Celebes, 38, 62, 
68; Guam, 247. 

Reproduced in this series -Phil, (in whole or in part, and plans and views of 
Manila and other vill. and fortifications), X, end, 3, 47, 87, 9, 7, 30$. 18, 7, 225, 
a4, 9. 15X. ^5, 7, 56. S7» X33. ^6, 7, 33, a7, 7, 74. 75. ^8, 7, isSt 39, 7, 67, 3i. 
7, X77, 289, 35, 7, «3a, X33, i7«, 36, 7, 50, 93, X9X, 2x5, 37, 7. «47. 3*, 7, 45, ax3. 
39, 7, 89, "9, 41, 7. a8o^ a8x, 4a, 7. H7, »a7, 43, 7, 35, xa9, 44, 9, Sh 163, 
45, 9, 33, X43, 46, XX, 49, 47, frontispiece, 9, 89, X07, xxs, X2X, 48, frontis' 
piece, II, 39, x8x, 2x3, 2x9, 281, 49, frontispiece, 9, xo, 35, 49, 95, X07, X83, 199, 
50, 7, 35, 83, 182, X83, 20X, 5X, frontispiece, 9, 29, x6x, 193, 5a, xx, X2, 209, 
355; Asia nova descriptio, 3, 13, 86, 87; India orientalis insularum que adiacien- 
tium typus, 4, 7, x28, 129; China, 9, 7, 305, xa, 7, 91, a4, X51, 51, fontispieee, 
9; Cochinchina, 3X, 7, X77; Camboja, 33, ^70; India, 34, 150; Bengal, X50; 



Maria] INDEX 561 

Eastern Asia, 150; Goa, 18, 7, 199; Macao, aa, 7, 135, a6, 7, 375; Malacca, 7, 
4S; Formosa, 9, 7, 305, 34, 9, 151; Marianas or Ladrones, 23, 135, 29, 7, 169, 
33t 9a» 3ao» 36, 7, 50, 50, 7, 8, a9i, 5 if 9i ^7. S^, n, ^09; Moluccas, a6, 229, 37, 
74« 75> 34* 7^ 150, 151, 4^, ix, 2x3; eastern archipelago and various is., la, 7, 

91. ^5, 57f 37, 7, 74. 75. 3*7. ^9. 7. »79, 30, 7. 83. 33, 7, X53. x69, 33, 9, 9*. 
loa, xia, X36, aoa, axo, a3o, a38, 34a, 346, aso, 34, 9, 7», xo4, »«o, 1x4, xx8, xa4, 
X50, X5X, X9o^ 41, 7, 45, 53, 4a, 7, x8x, 43, 7, a3x, 5^, frontispiece, xx, 37, 347; 
S. Amer. and Antilles, 5, 7, 3x4, ax 5; Acapulco, 39, 7, x88; Strait of Magellan, 
M% 3x0; issued by Amer. Geog. Soc., 53, 50; collected by Bureau of Insular Af- 
fairs, 5a. 

MaquiU (vill.) : Jes. miss, in., 25, ao8. 

Marabago (Marabagui, vill. in Bohol) : assigned in encomienda, 34, 305; Jes. in, 
13, X37. 

Maracta (encomienda in Laguna): pop. (158a), 8, 89. 

Maragondon (Maragond6n, Maragondong, vill. and encomienda near Manila) : 
pop. and trib., 8, 89, 8, 99, xoo; Mardicas in, 36, 337; Siaos in, 4a, 134; roy. 
encomienda, 8, 99, 14, 244; fugitive slaves returned from, 29, 14X; Chin, insur- 
gents killed in, 237; shipwreck at, 41, 36; miss, work in, 7, 224, 8, 99, xoo, a8, 

»7x. 36, 54. 96, 44, xa. $% 58. 
Maraguincay: settlement in Leyt, 8, 5X. 

Maraldo (Maraldi), Marcos Aurelio (papal sec'y): oflBcial acts, 24, 272, 38. 3o8. 
Marangley (dist. in Luz6n) : described, 48, X03. 
Marangui (vill. in Luz6n) : submit to Span., 14, 29a 
Marintao (vilL in Mindanao): its inhab. brave, 44, 64; possess guns, 64. 
Marafion, Santos, 23, X7a See Gomez Marafion. 

Marapan (Visayan chief) : orders slaves to be killed at his death, 8. X35* 
Marata (vill.) : Rec. in, 35, 3x1. 

Maraui (vill. in Mindanao): location, 44, 65; inhab. possess guns, 64. 
Maraza (Maraja, Marraxa) de Raxa (Bomean official) : Span, write, 4, X87, X94, 

196, 202, 203; Span, seek, 195, X98; at riv. of Saragua, X96, aox; leaves Brunei, 

199; Sisian serves, 198. 
Marayomo: Zambal vill., 5, X03. 
Marcaido^ Juan, B.: medal granted to, 5a, 3x9. 
Marcasiin, Marcos (Fil. insurgent) : shot, 3S, axa 
Marchan, Pablo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, X29. 
Marco (superintendent of shipyard) : succeeds Palacio, 7, 93 ; death, 93. 
Marco, Gaspar, S. J.: letter by, 41, 37, 38; sketch, 38. 
Marcort, Juan, O.P.: dies at sea, 43, 7X. 
Mardicas (Mdrdicas, Merdicas, Malayan inhab. of various Oriental is.): identified, 

36. 237, 4a, X24; habitat, 36, 237, 4a, X24; reside in Manila, 44, 29; language, 

J4, 4X, 36, 237; serves as sold., 38, X67, 203, 220, 4a, 245, 25X, 269; valor, 38, 

X77; Jes. among, a8, xoo, 36, 237, 4a, 124. 
Margallo, Master — : Port deputy, I, X75. 
Margaret (Margarita, Maria, of Austria): marries Pel. Ill, I, 353; her chaplain, 

16, 2x5, 216; favors Soria, 3a, 37. 
Maria (daughter of Fernando and Isabel) : marries Manoel I of Port., I, 355. 
Maria (daughter of Joao III of Port) : marries Fel. II, i, 353. 
Maria (Jap. convert) : martyred, aa, 3x0, a4, 24X. 
Maria: Mangyan convert, 44, xo4. 
Maria, Agustin, O.S.A.: in Panay, a9, 266. 



562 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Maria 

Maria, Dona: native convert, 48, 71. 

Maria I (queen of Port): sketch, i, 557. 

Maria Amalia of Saxony: marries Cixlos III, i, 354. 

Maria Anna of Austria: marries Joio V, of Port, I, 356. 

Maria Cristina (wife of Fernando VII): acts as regent, B^f S^f >93- 

Maria Cristina of Austria (wife of Alfonso XII, and mother of Alf. Ill) : good Cath^ 

5a, 285; memorial sent to^ 173, 174, 227; decree by, 46, 165. 
Maria Francesca Isabel of Savoy: marries Affonso I of Port, X, 356; marries Pedro 

II, SS6. 
Maria Josepha (granddaughter of gov. Bustillo): wife of Santiatevan, 44, 199; 

reconciled to him, 18, 199, 306; her property sequestered, 333, 334. 
Maria Louisa of Parma: marries Cirlos IV of Spain, i, 354. 
Maria Louisa of Savoy: marries FeL V of Spain, i, 353. 
Maria Santisima: appellation given to native prostitute, 38, 318. 
Maria Sophia Elizabeth of Bavaria: marries Pedro II of Port, i, 356. 
Maria Teresa Barbara of Braganza: marries Fernando VI, x, 354. 
Mariana of Austria: marries FeL IV, X, 353; Marianas named for, 5a, 336. 
Mariana of Austria: marries French dauphin, x, 353. 
Mariana of Bavaria: marries CArlos II of Spain, X, 353; decrees by, 42, 99. 
Mariana Victoria: marries Jos^ I of Port, i, 357. 
Mariano Francisco^ O.S.F.: arrives in Phil., xa, 193. 
Mariano, Joseph, O.StJ.of G.: procurator-gen., 47, 195. 
Maribago (encom. in Laguna): pop. (1583), 81 87, 91. See also Mirabaga 
Maribohoc (Maribojoc, vill. in Bohol) : status (1878), a8, 333; Rec. in, 339, 330. 
Maricdin, Dionisio (Fil. convert): accompanies miss'yt 38, 186. 
Marie Elisabeth of Valcns: marries Fel. II, x, 353. 
Marie Louise of Orleans: marries Cirlos II of Spain, I, 353. 
Marigondon (Marigond6ng, vilL in Luz6n): annexed to Cavite dist, 48, t88; Jes. 

in, j8, 87, 135. 
Marihatag (Marihitag, vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, a8, 153, 175. 
Marihuma (port): now Mariveles (9.9.) » '^i ^09. 
Marilao (vill. in Luz6n) : vicariate, a8, 368. 

Marin, Est^ban, O.S.A: martsrred, xa, 335, 37, 344; sketch, 344. See also Books. 
Marin Jer6nimo (Geronimo, Ger6nimo), O.S.A.: life and labors, 4, 89, 6, 17, 88, 

89, 116, 133, 124, 15, 61, 33, 303, 335, 336, 339, 34> 3x4- 
Marin, Joseph Thomds, O.P.: miss'y in Paniqui, 48, 132, 133. 
Marina, Sister (Jap. convert): martyred, 32, 344. 
Marinis, Juan Bautista (Domingo, 37, 91), O.P. (gen. of order): his election, 37, 

89; decree by (1650), 73, 76; letters by, I3, 91, 134-136, 145. 
Marinus: calculates length of degree, i, 206. 
Marinas, Pedro de las, O.S.A.: arives at Manila, 24, 139. 
Maripipi (vill. near Cebd) : pop^ ax, 193 ; Rec. in, 193, a8, 164. 
Maripit (vill. and encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 130. 
Mariquina (Mariquina, Jesus de la Pena, q.v,, vill. in Luz6n) : location, 39, 133; 

summer resort, 40, 2x9; miss, works, and ecc troubles in, a8, 13$, 170, 267, 39, 

I33-I35* 142, i43f 146, 4a, 265, 266, 44, 105, 106, 45, 251, 49, 223. 
Mariveles (Manavilis, Maribeles, Marivelez, Mariv61ez, Marivilez, Mariueles, 

Miriveles, vill. in Luz6n) : name, 16, 109, ai, 127, 136; location, 12, 136, 272; 

dist adjoining, 47, 291; conununication betw., and Zambales impossible, 291; 

climate, ax, 136, 272, 275; encomienda in, 7, 220; inhab., ai, X2, 13, 136, 372, 



Marriage] INDEX 563 

aS, 303, 41, iz6; surrounded by infidels, 36, 174; pirates at, X8t ai8; Dutch at 
and near, 17, 376, 19, 374, 41, 108; corregidor driven away by Mor., 318; corri- 
gidorship abolished, 48, x88; exemption from rice trib. in, 47, xx8; status, a8, 
303, 345; subject to Manila see, a8, xxx; miss, work, etc, ai, X2, 13, 1x5, 136, 
143, 373-379, J5, 393, a8, 143, 174, 30X, 303, 31, 2^6, 337, 41, 108, X33, X39, 
^67, 357, 43, 40^ 66, 47, X48, X49, 39X, 293, 32X. 

MarijTumo (vill. in PhiL) : location, 47, 393, 33X ; inhab., 393, 394, 33X ; Dom. in, 
393, 33X. 

Markham, Clemente R., C.B., FJLS. (translator) : translates Acosta's Hist^ 8, 38. 

Marlanavay (FiL chief) : meets Legazpi, 3, 333. 

Marlousao (vill. in Phil.) : status, 17, 198. 

Marmin: beliefs rdg. soul in, x, 33 x. 

Marmolejo^ D. Diaz: 8, X3a See Diaz Marmolejo. 

Marmolejo, Matias (Mathias) de (Span, officer): acts as interpreter, a8, 53, 56; 
captured by Mor., 41, 396; ransomed and executed, 396. 

Maroot: people in Borneo, 51, 36. See also Idaan. 

Maroto, Capt — (Span, officer): miraculously cured, 27, 394; attacks Chin, 
pirates, 29, 155. See also Ruiz Maroto, J. 

Marqu^ (Marqute), Feliciano (Filiciano, Span, engineer) : travels in Phil.« a8» 
3x3; dted, 51, 99. See also Cartographers. 

Marques^ Francisco Melendez. See Melendez Marques. 

Marquez, — , S.J. (native of Macao) : martyred, 35, X79. 

MArquez (Marquez), Bernardino, O.S.A.: life and labors, 38, x8x-x88, X93, X97, 
303, 3X3, 4a, X28, X45. 

Marquez, Capt Cristobal (Span, officer): hostage, a8, 53; his miss, in Mindanao^ 
63, 39, X46; app. gov. of Formosa, X96; goes to P., 3oa 

Marquez, Francisco^ OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 7a 

Marquez, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 7a 

Marquez, Leonardo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, XX4. 

Marquez, Pedro Melendez. See Melendez Marques. 

Mirquez (Marquez), Tomis (Thomas), O.S.A.: sketch, 34, 4x5; memorials by, 

3X, 33, 415-422, 453- 

Mirquez (Marquez) Valenzuela (Valenguela), Cristdbal (Christoval, Span, officer): 
hostilities with Dutch, 35, 344, 37, x6x. 

Marquina, Alonso Esteban de (notary) : official act, 8, X96. [Same person as Capt 
Esteban Marquina (9.V.) ?] 

Marquina, Diego de: gen. depositary of Manila, 14, 39. 

Marquina, Capt Esteban (Estevan) de (notary and official) : official acts, 7, 95, 
96, xxx, x6o» X74, x8o, 8, X78, X79, II, 76, 77, X2x; sec'y of Sta. Potenciana, 47, 
36; slain by Chin., la, X43, 14, x2o, 138, 16, 35. 

Marquina, Felix Berengucr de. See Berengucr de Marquina. 

Marquina Geronimo de: acts as witness, 33, 82. 

Marrad6n, Dr. — : receipt for making chocolate, 47, 273. 

Marriage: origin in Visayan legend, 5, 123, 127; cases rdg. tried in ecc. court, i, 
60; consanguinity, bar to, 10, 162; civil wrong, 5 J, 283; publication of bans, 4 J, 
S3. 58; dowries, 5, '59, i77i '79, 6, 20, 172, 7, 157, X8X-184, 9, 140» i^i 292, ao, 
34X, 343, JJ, X04, 33, "6, 34, 2x3, j8, X3i, X29, 187, 188, 300, 35, 297, 36, 89, 
38, 44, 39, 9h 4a, 59 (orras), x6o, x6i, 45, 256, 305, 306, 47, «3, 24, 39, 49, 54, 
6x, 63, 64, 84, X35, 320-223, 53, X9, 86; regarded as purchase in Phil., 3, 61; 
members of Consejo de las Ordenes may perform, i, 2x3; parish priest must in- 



564 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Marriage 

Marmagb (ooodnued) — 

tervene in, ai, ^4; performed hj nU Sh ^Si 99; ^^^ 7* 3>7> i<N 7^ ^h 59> 99» 
49, 58-60, 6a; method of recording, 53, 53; ceremonies at, 5a, sS'60, 6a; privately 
solemnized, 52, 59; status of parties investigated, 53; restrictions asked, among 
Span., 8, a8i-a83; forced, invalid, ai, 96; dispensations for, 61, a3> a/a, 36, 151; 
traders marry rich widows, 8, a8i, a8a ; monogamy practiced by heathen tribes, 48 ; 
62; polygamy, and instances of, etc^ x, 3a8, 330^ 3, 61, 4, S65, 8> ii9» 7> >8i, 
II, an, la, 23, 291-293, 295, 396, 29% 301, 317, 318, 13, 10, 14, 18, 5a-54. 9«- 
100, 134, i6a, 163, 16, aaa, 18, 184, ai, aio, aai, 30, aoo^ si, aos, ao6, 33. i73t 
34, 69, 39» 33, 35, 40, 9<^ 4lf t^h 4^, asS, 43» 187, »98, 44, 9*; intermarriages, 

6, 137, ai9, a3, aSo, aj, 337, a8, 36, 30, 334, 4a, 215; crossed, advised in PhiL, 
5 a, 19, 86; irregular among Jap. converts, 31, 257; Jes. lay-brothers marry, so, 
a79; annulled by abp., 39, 188, ai3, aaa; divorce, la, a9a, ai, an, 39, 167, a7a, 
41, 90, 366; in Fil. p1a3rs, I, 81; devices used in coition, 8, 117, 16, 130^ 33, 171, 
173. See also the various native peoples. 

Marr6n (Marron), Bartolomi (Bardiolome), O.P.: life and labors, 39, 177-180^ 

198, ao6, ao9, a89, 4a, aai-aa4, 43, a8, 7a, 45, tss. 
Marroquin, Cristobal, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 237, 255. 
Marshes and swamps: in various localities, 3, 194, 195, 4, xa6, a56, a65, a83, 6, a99, 

7, a24, 10, 61, 13, ao8, 15, 50, 16, 34, 38, ai, ia9, as, 155, ^, «a3, «^ ^05, 
31, 7«, 3a, 65, 197, 35, 99, 38, 89, 47, x»3, S^, 165; chief hides in, 4, »65, a75; 
Chin, hide in, a9, aa3; converts hide in, 3a, 1x9; insurgents in, 44, 9a; artillery 
found in, 4, 275; Pariin built on, 7, 224; crossed afoot, 13, 170; Moro forts in, 
39, 164; sold, caught in, act; report on draining of, cited, 5a, 3x5. 

Marta, Antonio, S.J.: life and labors, la, ao3, aa5, 16, a46, a47, a54. 

Martes, Bartolomi, S, J.: arrives at Manila, la, a3a; confesses troops, a4, 86. 

Martin (FiL chief): as envoy, 4, x8x, 185; Bomeans kill, x8x, x8a, 185, x86. See 
also Magachina. 

Martin: Subano convert^ 38, 133. 

Martin, — (Rec): martyred, 3a, ai9. 

Martin, Alonso (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, xxx, xx3, XX4. 

Martin, Alf. Andres (corregidor) : qualifications and salary, aa, a27. ^ 

Martin, Anton (sailor) : sick, 4, 28a 

Martin, Anton, OofStJ.ofG (?): 14, 165, a8, X44. 

Martin, Baltasar (prison warden) : orders to, 10, 295. 

Martin, Bartolome (artilleryman): testimony, a6, X09-XXX; his pay, X59. 

Martin, Diego (Span, pilot): accompanies Legazpi, a, X05; cited, 124. 

Martin, Diego [same as preceding?]: in Borneo, 4, 166. 

Martin (Martir), Ensign Domingo: in Mindanao campaign, II, a98, a99; his depo- 
sition, 300, 30X. 

Martin, Enrique (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, xxa. 

Martin, Francisco (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, X3a 

Martin, Francisco, S.J. (brother) : visits miss, is., 13, X58. 

Martin, Geronimo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 

Martin, Ger6nimo, O.S.A.: native of Mez., 4, 46, [f.f., 47] ; goes to China, 46, {U,, 

47]- 
Martin, Gilberto, O.S.F.: provl, 8^, 386. 

Martin, Joseph, O. P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Mardn, Juan (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, 131, 34, 308; acts as wtiness, 
a^, 68, 83, 85. 



Martinez] index 565 

Mardn, Juan (shipmaster): killed, 24, 139. 

Martin, Lope (Span, mulatto pilot): blamed for desertion of "San Luis," a, 197; 

accompanies Arellano, 1$^ 47; cited, a, X05; accused xo6; heads conspiracy, 149, 

158; marooned, 15a 
Martin, Pedro (citizen of Manila) : signs memorial, 6, 23a 
Martin, Pedro^ OP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 7a 
Martin, Dr. W. R. (librarian) : thanked, 53, 54. 
Martin del Arro3ro, Andres (notary) : official acts, 23, 68-72, 74, 78, 79, 83, 85, a6, 

7a, 73. X07. «X5. x«- 
Martin de Ayila, Capt. Aregita (Span, officer) : killed, a8, 6x. 
Martin (Martinez) Franco, Alonso (Span, officer) : mil. services in Zambal country, 

37» a49> 38» x8i, 227, 228, 4a, 269, 270^ 43, 4«. 43 ; honesty and zeal, 47. »97- 
Martin Franco, Christoval: signs doc., 18, 243, 286. 
Martin Morcillo, Capt Joan: killed in duel, 4, 279. 
Martin Pic6n, Juan (Span, encomendero) : his encomienda, 8, 139. 
Martinez, — (bachelor) : carries message to Audiencia of Mexico, a, 183. 
Martinez, — (oidor of Manila): various official acts, 44, 203, 204, 209; merits 

punishment, 2x5. 
Martinez (off de la Madre de Dios), Ambrosio, OP.: life and labors, 30, 30X, 30a, 

306, 314, 315, 31. 158, 159. 3a. 105. 159. x6o. 
Martinez, Antonio^ OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 1x4 . 
Martinez (Martynez), Bartolomi (Bardiolome, Bartolome), O.P.: life and labors, 

M. 9h 9». aoo, aoi, 3a, 13, 31, 79, 81, 83, 87, 88, 143-144. X5»-xs8, x6i, 173. 17^ 

179, 181, X84, 224, 241. 
Martinez, Alf. Bemave: defends gate, ap, 255. 
Martinez, Diego, O.S.A.: life and labors, a4, 122, as, 158. 
Martinez, Francisco^ O.P.: sketch, 31, 292. 
Martinez, Francisco, O.S.A.: drowned, a3, 226, 227. 
Martinez, Francisco, S.J.: life and labors, aS^ 62, 39, 152, 38, 109. 
Martinez, Juan (Span, sold.) : relation by, cited, a, 150, 151, 41, 55. 
Martinez, Juan, O.S.A.: attends chapter meeting, 4a, 189. 
Martinez, Juan, OP. (I) : martyred, 31, 199. 
Martinez, Juan de, O.P. (II): arrives at Manila, 43, 32, 89. 
Martinez (Martinez), Juan Antonio (gov. of Phil., 1822-25) * accompanied by Span. 

officers, 51, 12, 13, 46, 214, 5a, 15, 33; their morals, 51, 214; assumes office, 46; 

despatches exped, against Mor. (1824), 48, 49; death (1825), 49; sketch, 17, 301. 
Martinez (Martinez), Manuel, S.J.: life and labors, la, 24, 25, 232, 3x5-318, 13. 

14. M, 89. «i8. «S7, 44, 60. 
Martinez, Miguel (Span, officer) : loan made to, 47, 2zx. 

Martinez, Pedro, OP.: called "the Holy Friar," 30, 202; sketch, 202, 257, 258. 
Martinez, Pedro, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 4a, 189; sketch, 37. 33 >• 
Martinez, Pedro, SJ.: arrives at Manila, 44, 56. 

Martinez, Sim6n, O.S.A.: labors in Marquina, 4a, 265; elected definitor, 284. 
Martinez, Vasco (Port notary) : official act, a, 277. 
Martinez Avendano, Capt Juan: Chin, kill, 39, 218. 
Martinez Capelo, Juan (Span, officer) : conmiands held by, 35, 229, 245. 
Martinez Casados, Francisco: will left with, 47, 2zz. 
Martinez de Chave, Joan (pilot): goes to Siam, 15, 185, 186; death, 246. 
Martinez Corrionero, Capt Juan: arrives at Manila, 37, 228. 
Martinez Espadero^ Alonso (Span, lawyer) : signs doc., 6, 44. 



566 



THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS Martinez 



Martinez de Faura, Ignacio: oommandf Acapaloo galleon, 48, 155. 

Martinez de Guilleatigui, Joan (Span. o£toer): oommandt ihip, I8» 2379*27, 19a 

Martinez Le6n, — (targ.-may.) : eioorti Vargaa^ 4a, 375. 

Maritnez Lobo, Capt Manuel: hit will, 47, 7a, 210-212. 

Martinez de Paz, Francisco (sec. priest) : sketdi, 35, 511. 

Martinez Penas, Loren^ (sec priest) : signs mem*], 45, 100. 

Martinez de Tejada, Capt Martin: arrives at Manila, 37, 229, 43, 226; tent 00 

embassy to Manila, 308. 
Martinez de Trillanes, Capt Tomis: arrives at Manila, 4a, X7X. 
Maritnez Vigil, Ram6n, OP. (bp. of Oviedo) : notes intimate language of FiL, so, 

X47- 
Martinez de Zdfiiga, Joaquin, O.S^.: his opinion of Aud., i, 50^ 51; his service to 

Luz6n, 86; accompanies Alava, 48, 169, 50, 70; sketch, 43, 1x3, 1x4; his place 

in literature, I, 86, 87. See also Books. 
Mirtires, Domingo de los, O.S.F.: captured hy Mor., x8, 22X, S8t 3X^ 
Martires^ Pablo de los, O.S.F.: seeks friars for Japan, 14, 225. 
Martorel, Raymundo^ O.P.: delayed in Mex., 43, 29. 
Martyr, Peter, x, 308. See Anghiera, Pietro Martire d', and Books. 
Martyrs and Martyrodms* — 

In general: in early Church, ao, xoo^ 25, 90^ 91, 94, 31, x6x, 34t X56» 37« ^42, 

40, 274, 4 J, 177, 267, 47f 78; canonization, etc, 10, 25, a4> 96, i74. 35f a9a» 36, 
217, 41. 9x; Japanese, etc, 10, 25, X4» 220^ 15, 121-X24, 19, 50-52, 55-57, JO, 
a6» 27, ai, »65-x72, aa, 120, 310, 3ix, 23, i73. »35f »3«, «4, 9^ aa9-«4a, a9«. 
^7, 304, a8i "«» 31, 174, 378-280, 285, 3a, 3*1 48. 49. «7, ««. «»«, X34. 135, 139" 
142, 164 (children), 167, 205, 2x8, 220^ 244, 245, 287, 38, 120, X2x; varioua men- 
tion, I, 49, 79, 15, X2S, 19, 63 (in drama), aa, xao, 27, X90, 3a, »«S, 5a, x68, 
281, 284. 

From ike various orders: Aug., 3, 5^ S, 209, la, 235, 18, 8x, 19, 54, ao, 27, 
ai, 165, aa, 261, 262, a4, 39, 55, 56, 96, 231, 235-240^ as, X57, a9, 24X, 264, 27X, 
3a, 7*, 73, "5-129, x8x, 204, 219, 220^ 35, 84, 36, 2x0, 37, 244, 38, I79 (?). 
208, 222; DonL, 16, 35, 18, 81, 2x9, 19, 50, ao, 27, M, 3x2, 3x6, a3, 234, a9, 
33, 30, x2o, 135, 31, X5X, X53, X72, X99, 200, 287, 3a, 59, 70-7^ 89, 95, 9^ 
XIX, XX2, X24-X29, X3X, X34-X37, X40-X42, X46, X49-X52, X63, 164, X67, 2x8-225, 240, 
244, 249, 259, 263, 276, 284-288, 293, 35, 27. 36, 37, 36, 2x2, 37, 89. «X7» 38, 207, 

41, 9x, 26x, 42, 245, 48, X32, X33; Fran., 7, X2i, 8, 233, 10, 25, 248, 14, 2xx, 236, 
15, X22-X24, 196, 16, 30, 270, 17, 288, 18, 8x, 2x8, 19, 50, X9«. ao, 26, aa, X40^ 
3x0, a3, 64, X91, 228, a4, X74, as, 96, 3^t 7h 75, «39. 142, 163, 205, 220, 223, 
35, xao-122, 29X-294, 305-310, 36, 2x7, 38, xx8, 50, 314; Jc«^ 15, X23, 124, 17, 
XX5, 18, 8x, 219, 19, 54-57, ao, 27, aa, X32, X40^ 300^ 3xx, a4, X74, as, 87, 89, 
93, X53, 154, a6, 266, a7, 253, 291, a8, 85, 87, 90, 92, 97. 98, X02, 328, 329, 39, 32, 
38, 95, 99. 3a, 7«. 95. 162, 205, 2x9, 220, 35, X5. »»x. X79, 36, 45. »»x, 38, X03, 
X04, X16-120, 41, 296, 301, 318, 44, 63, 90, 99, 48, 147, 5a, 105, 336, 349; Rec, 
ai, 165-X73, 177, x8o, x8x, 203, 243, 283, 303, a3, 92, 24, 17^, X77, 2x7, 229, a7, 
287-289, 324, 3S5, j8, 301, 323, 344, 345. ^9, i30» X58, 3a, x62, 205, 219, 35, 
65-72, 84, 87, 88, 36, X4, X23, X33, X77-180, 213, 38, X06, xi8, 41, 69, X20-X25, 

*This caption is used, somewhat broadly, to include all persons slain because of 
their Christian fmth; but some of these were not martyrs in the strict sense of that 
word. 



Mata] INDEX 567 

aag, zz% $09, S18, 44t x«5. 4«, 163, 5^, 59; othcn, 14, lai, J9, aoi, 40, iiS, 
41, 3ao» 47, 198, 48» 164, 167. Stt alfo Torturet. 

Mary (queen of £ng.) : marries FeL U, i» 353. 

Marzan, Francitoo, OJP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Mas, Sinibaldo de (Span, official): his work diaracterized, 5 J, 29; sketch, 29. 

Masagua y Payta (encomienda) : status (t59x)» 8, 13a. 

Masalicampo (Maslicampo^ corruption of "maestro de campo"): origin and appli- 
cation of term, 43» 297 ; wields influence, 397. 

Masamune (Mazamune, Jap.): persecutes Chris., ao, 35; his embassy, 8>» 335* 

Masapotamia (vilL on Coromandel Coast) : identified, 18, 108 ; Dutch factory at, xo8. 

Masbate (yill.) : cap. of Masbate Is., 41, 345. 

Mascarenas, Capt Felipe (officer in Cochin) : aids Span., 23, 53, J4, axo^ axi, 27, 
1x8, 1x9. 

Mascaros, Tedfilo (Theofilo), O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 129, 35, 157, 30, 1x5, 

37» 155- 
Mascahia, Gen. — (Span, official) : commands trading-fleet, 44, 398. 

Maseda, Pedro (Span.) : Chin, kill, x6, 36a 

Masi (Massi, Massi, yill. in Luz6n) : location, 31, 33; status (X59X), 8, X09; drought 
in, 31, 33; Span, reduce, 9, 8x, 83; Dom. in, a8, X59, 174, 30, 304, 3a, X47. 

Masin: x, 323. See Maasin. 

Masingal (vilL in Luc6n) : Aug. in, a8, X59. 

Masingloc (Masinglo^ Masingloc, Masingloc, Masinloc, Maslnloc^ yilL in Luz6n): 
location, 41, 340; trib. and pop., 34, 45, a8, 303, 41, 340; natives, 38, 336-338; 
Zambals compared to^ 47, 326; insurrection in, 41, xa, 66-69; chiefs of, rewarded, 
65; Sirray hanged in, 85; Dutch ravage, xo8; miss, work, etc, in, ax, X3, X48- 
XS3, x8x, 353, 357, 379, 38ob 383, 383, 34, 4St «*, S©?. 3^, X46, X87, 37» a44. 38, 
336, 337, 41, XX, 64, 65, 67-70^ X39, 3SX, 357, 43, 66, 47, 33»- 

Masipin (encomienda): status (X59X), 8, xxx. 

Masks: worn in procession, x8, 337; Chin, wear, X9, 45. 

Masla (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, subdue, 37* a48. 

Maslo (Masluc, vill. in Mindanao): location, 36, 57; pop. (1655), 60, 6x; no. of 
trib., a8, 95; Jes. in, 95, 36, 57. 

Mason, Dr. Otis T. (curator of National Mus.): thanked, x, x6; his translation 
cited, ax, 239. See also Books, Blumentritt 

Masonio (Masoni), Lorenzo (Laurent), S.J.: Dutch capture, X7, 1$, 38, X39; 
preaches to negroes, 44, 40. 

Masquerades: in celebration, X9, xx, 6x, a9, 43, 44. 

Massacres: of foreigners, in Manila (1820), 51, X2, 185. 

Mastrilli (Mastrili), Marcelo (Mar^lo) Francisco, S.J.: life, labors, and martyr- 
dom, aa, 300, a7, 17, 2S3-26X, 270, 273, 274, 277, 279, 283, 289, 291, 301-309, 313, 
32X, 322, 33X, 338, 354, 39, 10^ 25, 31-33, 4>, 87-90, I32, 294, 295, 44, 66, 79; 
relation by (June 2, X637), 37, 15, x6, 253-305, 366, 39, 75, 87, xox; letter to Fel. 
IV (July 8, X637), 37, 304, 305. 

Masvesi, Antonio, S.J.: writes brother Pedro (Dec. 2, 1749), 47, 243-250. 

Mata (vill. and encomienda) : assigned to crown, 3, 305; assigned to La Haya, 34, 
305. 

Mata, Pedro de la (Span, officer): his company, 35, 266; his pay, 36, x6o, 175; 
pillages Mindanao, 39, 165. 

Mata Vergara, Capt Pedro de la: ravages coast of J0I6, 41, 285. [Same as above?] 



568 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Matan 

Matan: encomienda: statnt (1591)9 8, 13s. 

Matanda, Raja (chief of Manila) : Span, negodadoot with, a8» 107, 38, 99. 

Matanda (Mat^nda), Pitdg (dato): oonTerted, 41, 153, 153, 156. 

Matandatu, Raia: chief of Sanguir, 33, 347. 

Mataram (Matalan, petty kingdom of Java) : at war widi Dutch, 37, 107. 

Matches: made from cocoanut husk, $, 169, 19, 284; uied for guns, io» 58. 

Matelief, Comeille (Dutch adm.) : his ezped. to E. Indies (i6o5H)8)» IB9 S^^-SH! 

memoir by, 3x4-323. 
Matelin Magat Buxa Amat (FiL chief) : nadve of Bayan, 4, x8x; relative of Magat, 

x8a, 183; resides in Borneo^ x8i; capt of Bomean vessel, 182; opposes Sande, zSs, 

183; retreats and escapes, 18a, 183; ransoms Magat, 183; his depoaidon, Z81-Z83. 

See also Siandi. 
Mateo, Serg. — (Span. Amer. insurgent): FiL attacks, 40, 251; arrested and 

shot, 51, 48. 
Mateos, Juan, O.S.A.: note by, a6, 53, 55. 
Mateos, Juan, S.J.: martsrred, 32, aaa 
Mathematics: taught in Manila, I, 78, SO, 138; Rios Coronel, learned in, 9, 299; 

Chin, steal math, instruments, 37, 234. 
Matheo: a8, lox. See Is.: Celebes. 
Matheos, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 
Mathias, Pedro (Span. gov. of Formosa) : his successor, 35, 32a 
Madas, NicoUs: commands reenfbrcements, 49, 1x9. 

Madao (More rancheria): described, 43, 202; heathen sacrifices held at; 208. 
Matienza (leader of Batangas rebellion) : defeated and shot, 48, 141. 
Madenzo, Capt Luis de: arrives in Manila, 37, 229; friendly to Salcedo^ 53, $4; 

arrested, 54; trades with Malabar, 4a, 155. 
Madnguaguanen (Mindanao vilL) : pop. and locadon, 4, 283. 
Mato Rayo, Capt Jos^: commands Acapulco galL, 41, 34* 
Matoces, Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 30. 
Matos, — (bp. of N. Ciceres) : allows ecc. tax, 50, 95. 
Matos, Antonio de: acts as witness, 16, 244. 
Matos, Bento de, S.J.: labors in China, 29, 45. 
Matos, Gabriel de, S.J.: life and labors, 19, 48, 49. 
Matos, Miguel, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 
Matruda, Miguel, S.J.: acts as envoy, 24, 243. 
Mats: used as sails, 51, 155, 196. See also Furniture. 
Matsura Shigenobu Ho-in (Jap., diamio of Hirado) : sketch, 31, 244. 
Matta, Juan Manuel de la (Span, official): characterized, 52, 41; improves Phil. 

tobacco, 77; becomes intendant, 91; transmits instrucdons, 91, 92; his purpose, 

stated, 94; long residence in Phil., xxo; his report (1843), ^h 91-1x1* 
Maturana, Juan Ventura de (roy. sec'y of Council of Indies) : reconunends Sandste- 

ban, 44, X98, X99, aax. 
Mauazuag (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. in, 17, axx. 
Mauban (Mahuban, Mahubiin, Maoban, Mauban, Maubiin, Maubin, vill. in Luz6n) : 

location, II, 89, 269; encomienda extends to, 5, 97, 7, 270; roy. encom., 5, X89, 

8, 139; status, 122, 123, X39, 35> 282, 283; ale-may. in, 11, 269; subject to N. 

Ciceres see, j8, 183; Fran, in, 35, 282, 283, 3x2, 36, 2x7. See also Lampon. 
Maubunung: Igorot priest, 14, 302, 303. 

Maulana (sultan of J0I6) : abdicates, 46, 51, 47, 247; death, 46, 51. 
Maulana Diafur, Sadibsa (sultan of Tamontaca) : father of Radiamura, 46, 37; 



Medina] INDEX 569 

friendly to Span^ 37; revolt against, 44-48; petitions Span, aid, 39, 45; slain, 40^ 

45- 

Maura, L. Antonio (Span, diplomat): reforms by, 46, 337, 329, 330, 5a, 153, 175; 
opinion by, on Sto. Tomis case, 45, 319-331. 

Maurice (Mauricio, Mauri^o, count of Nassau, Nasau, and prince of Orange) : li- 
censes Noordt, II, 150; commission giyen by, i55-i59, 2%^ 17, asa; his estatesi 
II, 167; despatches fleet, 251, 305; banner raised on ship, 17, 358, 371; exped. 
to Sayoy, 18, 75; restricts Dutch, aa, 170; sketch, 11, 15a 

Mauricio: Dutch port, 19, 91. 

Mawlana (Maulana) : Moro official title, 46, 45. 

Mtximilian I: emperor of Germany and father of Felipe I of Spain, i, 35a. 

Mayay: 5, 89. See Mahayhay. 

Maycayayan: host stolen in, 51, 303. 

Maydila: etjrmology and signification, 3, 148. 

Mayhaligue (Jesuit estate) : rent paid by natives in, 48, 143 ; PiL plant trees in, 50, 
131. 

Masmanes (people in Luz6n) : earthquake in their territory, 38, 94. 

Mayo: Moro rancheria, 43, 303. 

Mayobac (May6bac, vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, in, aS, 157, 168. 

Mayor, Tomas (Thomas), OJ*.: life and labors, 30, 334, 3a, 30^ 31, 5a, 333. 

Mayoyao: subdivbion of Igorots, ao, a7a 

Maza, Francisco de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, a8; writes Arzaga, 48, 64. 

Mazarmasin. See Banjarmasin. 

Mazo (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Mazuecos, Juan de: cited, a, 32. 

Meaco (Macao, Miaco^ Miako, now Kioto^ Japan): name, 6, 305, 9, 26; Jap. cap., 
ad, 10, 171, 14, aao, I5» 263, 18, 73, 34, 340; Jap. embassy despatched from, 8, 
361 ; Jap. seize, 9, 133 ; gov. of, 147, 148 ; Span, send present to, la, 78 ; prisons 
in, 18, 318, 19, 50; leper hosp. in, 8, 333; rel. in, 333, 15, 119, 355, 17, 313; 
Chris, persecuted in, 19, 50; Solis in, 9, 43. 

Meados (vill. in Celebes) : friendly to Span., 35, 308. 

Meca, Ventura (creoIe negro) : commands company, 38, 167. 

Mecabayan (encomienda) : status (1591), 8, 104. 

Mecca (Meca, Arabia): trade center, 37, 90, 94, 95; Borneans orif^nally from, 4, 
150; Mahometan miss's from, 7, 69; aid from, sent to Achenese, 4, 65; Palgrave 

«t, I, 74. 

Mechoacin (Mex. prov.) : rel. in, 24, 56, 136, 35, 331, 38, 73. 

Medals: rel. forbidden to wear, ai, 151; given as alms, a8, 364; used as orna- 
ments, 40, 135; given to converts, 43, 393; granted as reward, 46, 134, 133, 
i75» 198, 5a, 309, 310, 3i3» 314. 3i9» 3a«, $^2; silver, 40, i35t 46, 134, 175, 51, 
38, 5a, 309, 3«o, 321. 3**; gold» 51, 38, 5a, 309, 3«9» 3"» $»»- 

Medellin, Conde de: pres. of Coun. of Indies, 4a, 137. 

Media, Capt. Juan (Span, officer) : confers with pilot, 18, 379. 

Medicines. See Diseases and remedies. 

Medina, Alonso, O.S.F.: arrives in Phil., la, 193. 

Medina, Capt. Andr^ de (Span, officer): searches for Solomon Is., 37, 337; com- 
mands ship, 328; Salcedo deprives of office, 330; sketch, 334. 

Medina, Bartholom6 (miner) : discovers mining process, 17, 337. 

Medina, Bartholome, O.P.: prof, of theology, 31, 40. 

Medina, Christoval de (contador) : inspects ships, 39, 186. 



570 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Medina 

Medina, Juan de, O.S«A.: definitor, a, i5i, i68. 

Medina, Juan de, O.S^.: life and labors, aji 2169 266^ 395, J4» xa» I5i 16, SO^ 5^ 

81, 84, 85, iio» III, 136, 145, 149, 159, 16a, i58-i70b 39, 18, a65, 370-279. See 

abo Books. 

Medina, Luis de, O.S«A.: life and laborsi 37, aas, 336. 

Medina, Sebastian Caballero de. See Caballero de Medina. 

Medina Basoo, Prandsoo de, O.S.A.: life and laborsi 37» a37i 954* 3S, aia, 4J9 12S- 

13*1 «44- 
Medina del Campo (Spain) : annual fair held at^ i, aa4, aas; miss'y in, ja, 14& 

Medina Rico^ Pedro de: visitor of Inquisttioiiy 36, 87. 

Medina Sidonia, Duke of (Span, nobleman) : Aduarte petitions, 14, 99; granta oom- 

mission, aa, 34; appoints Silva, 42; patronage refused, 35, 305. 

Mediquillo (a physician) : term defined, 43, 314. See also Physicians and Surgeons. 

Medrano, Alf. — : his ranch burned, 39, 353. 

Medrano^ Jer6nimo (Ger^nimo^ Geronimo), O.S.A.: life and labors^ J49 70^ 133, 

«57. X59t M7» «5, I57» ««, 35, 40^ J9i x», 26$, 37i i»-i4. H9f ^SS» «7«t «»ai x»St 
3x7. 

Medrano, Ensign Juan de: his senrices^ 7, 150; his enoooLy 8, 239. 

Medrano, Melchor de: acts as witness, 4, 279, a8a 

Medraza, Capt Jos^ de (Span, officer) : arrives at Manila, 37, 377. 

Megatan (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579)1 4> 384. 

Megia, DiegOy O.S.A.: sketch, 4a, 398. 

Mehomete: converted Moro^ 3, 93. 

Meisho: mikado of Japan, 35, laa 

Mejia, Agusdn (Augustin) de, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 88-90^ 102. See also 
Books. 

Mejia (Mexia), Pedro, O.S.A.: life and labors, aa, 313, 34, 93, 37, 149, 250^ 
165, 178, 319, 333. 

Melander, J.: countersigns decree, li, 267, 269. 

Melanesians: live in trees, ai, 342. 

Melchor (Rec) : martjrred, 3a, 3x9. 

Meldicas: 19, 3x4. See Mestizos. 

Melendes, Pedro: shipbuilder, 18, 336. 

Melendez, Andres, O.P.: communicates with Anda, 49, 245. 

Melendez, Juan (sec priest) : instructs Tag. converts, 4a, 47. 

Melendez, Pedro (Pero, Span, conquisudor and explorer): his ships, 6, aoa; ex- 
plores Florida, 9, 322; Sedeno accompanies, 322. 

Melendez Florez, Diego: member of Manila Cab., 11, 35a 

Melendez Marques, Capt Francisco: fortifies Macasar, ao, 249; his pay, a6, 273. 

Melgar, Fernando de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 224. 

Melinde (Oriental trading center) : its products, a7, 96. 

Meliton Martinez de Santa Cruz, Abp. Dr. Gregorio: sketch, 51, 3x6. 

Melo, — (Port, ship-captain): dealings with Legazpi, a, isx, xsa. 

Melo, — (friar) : Lc Gentil accompanies, aS, 234. 

Mclo, Antonio (Chin, convert) : Jap. threaten, 9, 53. 

Melo, Antonio (Port) : ordained as priest, 4 J, X99. 

Melo, Francisco (Port, theologian and deputy) : official acts, I, X74, x83, X85, x86. 

Melo, Francisco: member of Span, council, 35, 3xo» 3xx. 

Melo (or Moran), Nicolis, O.S.A.: life and labors, J3, 36x. 



Mendiola] index 571 

Melo^ Capt Roque (Rroque) de: tends embassy to Champa, lO, 238; ransoms pria- 

onersy 341, 343. 
Melon, — (Sarg.-may.) : killed at J0I6, 29, 40. 
Melon, Juan Gonzalez Casares. See Gonzalez Casares Melon. 
Membride, Bernardino, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 
Memdieta, Pedro de: signs memorial, 6, 339. 

Memije y Quiros, Jose Antonio (alcalde) : attends council of war, 49, 87. 
Memije (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 
Mens, Capt — (member of O. of St George): commands Span, fleet, 37, 371; 

attacks Camucones, 314, 39, 99; commands Dilao gate, 355. 
Mena, Alonso de, OJ*.: life and labors, 18, 319, 31, 173, 344, 355, 381, 3^> 13I1 

«3^ «37- 
Mena, Gaspar de: his services, 7, 151. 
Mena, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 71. 
Mena, Jusephe de (Span, adm.) : reinforces Phil., 18, 13a 
Mena, Pedro de (Span.): punished for insubordination, a, 133; encom. assigned to^ 

34. 3>o; killed, 377. 
Mena, Capt Pedro de (ale-may.): bums Moro boats, 27, 350; killed in battle, 

38, 43, 45, 61. 
Mena Salazar, Benito^ O.S«A.: life and labors, 37, 16, 334, 339-343, 384. 
Menangkaba: region in Sumatra, 34, 174. 
Menchaca, — : death, 27, 395. 
Menchaca (Minchaca). See Asqueta Menchaca. 
Mendanha, Andre de (Port official) : act by, a, 376. 
Mendana (Mendana), de Neira (Neyra), Alvaro (Alvaro) de (Span, official and 

explorer) : his exped. to S. seas, and events, 9, 19, 373, 15, 6x, 103-X16, 18, 163, 

37» 337, 40, 309, 51, 87; death, 9, 373; will, 15, 113; his wife, 9, 373. See 

also Books. 
Mendana, Ana de (wife of Alvaro): arrives at Manila, 9, 273, 19, 195, 196; re- 
marries, 9, 373. 
Mendes de Leon, Luis: acts as witness, ao, X05. 
M^dez, — (minor son of Juan M^ndez) : his enoom., 8, X3a 
Mendez, Diego (Span.) : at Sioco Riv., 11, 398, 399. 

Mendez, Francisco, S.J.: enumerates fellowships in San Jos^, 45, X3X, X33. 
Mendez, Capt Gaspar: aids Poor Clares, a6, 19, 31. 

Mendez, Juan (Span.): encom. assigned to, 34, 306; his son's encom., 8, 130. 
Mendez de Almada, Alonso (notary) : official acts, 36, 303, 304, 313. 
Mendez Herrera, Alvaro de: witnesses doc, 6, 53. 
Mendez de Sotomayor, Ensign Pedro: acts as witness, li, 30X. 
Mendez de Sotomayor, Pedro (Span, officer) : accompanies Lara, 38, 145. 
Mendez Porras, Capt. Joan: in Mindanao campaign, ai, 163. 
Mendia, J. M. de, S.J.: thanked, i, 17. 
Mendia (Mendia), Capt Martin (Martin) de (Span, officer): his encom., 8, 137; 

Mor. capture, la, 164, 15, 265; captures given to, la, 164; how freed, 15, 266. 
Mendiguerren, Capt. Pedro: arrives at Manila, 37, 329. 
Mendiola, Benito (Span, official) : acts as notary, 4, 373-381, 285-291, 294, 296, 

299-302, 5, 247, I a, 99, 100; commended as protector of natives, 5, 247; alc.- 

may. of Pampango, 10, 303; sketch, 5, 247. 
Mendiola y Cannona, Pedro (Span, official): commands ship, 32, 187; requests 



572 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mcndiola 

Mbndiola y Carmona, Pbdko (ooDtinoed) -^ 

galley, 37, 34S; in charge of shipyards, 37, an; in exped. against Dutch, 94, 
17a, 39, 134; petitions aid from Manados, 37, 314; gor. of Moluccas, 39, 195; 
in procession, 36, 29 ; carries first stone for cathedral, 37, 303 ; honest, 312 ; death, 
38, 56. 

Mendizibal, — (pres. of council) : strengthens tobacco monopoly, 51, 295. 

Mendizabal, Diego de, S.J.: gov. writesi 96, 268. 

Mendo^a, Alvaro de (officer) : commandant in Moluccas, 34, 221. 

Mendo^a, Antonio de, S.J.: prov*! of N. Espafia, la, 196. 

Mendo^a, Diego de, O. St. J. of J. (Span, officer) : gives testimony, 14, 72, 18, 322; 
commands gall., 16, 45; writes FeL III, 14, 63. 

Mendo^a, Francisco de (Span.) : cheats Lavezaris, 34, t6, 196, 197. 

Mendo^a, Francisco Diaz de. See Diaz de Mendoza. 

Mendo^a, Ventura de (Fil. chief) : pursues Chin, insurgents, 14, 132. 

Mendoza Furtado, Andres de (Port nayal commander) : recovers Moluccas from 
Dutch, 37, 98. See also Furtado de Mendoza. 

Mendonf a, Alvaro de (Port officer) : commands at Moluccas, a, 246, 262, 273, 277 ; 
witnesses doc., 284, 295, 298, 299. 

Mendonga, Simao (Simoo) de (Port officer): witnesses doc, a, 284, 285, 295, 298. 

Mendoza. See Lopez Lejrtona y Mendoza. 

Mendoza (Mendoza), Andrea (Andres), Furtado de. See Furtado de Mendoza. 

Mendoza (Mendoza), Antonio de (first viceroy of N. Espafia, 1535-50): despatches 
Villalobos exped., a, 47, 48, 3, 127, 179; gives instructions to V., la, 178; part- 
nership with Alvarado^ a, 49, 54, 56; reports sent to, 64, 67; sends Lavezaris to 
Spain, 3, 179; app. Urdaneta, a3, 124; endows univ. of Mex., as* 168; Dom. 
petition, 30, 116; transferred to Peru (1550), 34, 195; despatches ships to Strait 
of Magellan, 40, 305 ; sketch, a, 48 ; Cirlos I writes, 3, 128. 

Mendoza, Augustin (Fil. sec. priest) : exiled, 5a, 127. 

Mendoza, Diego Hurtado de. See Hurtado de Mendoza. 

Mendoza, Eugenio Gutierrez de. See Gutierrez de Mendoza. 

Mendoza (Mendoza), Capt Francisco de (Span, officer): attends council, 9, 122; 
his exped. to Tuy, 14, 21, 287-289, 292; death, 15, 229. 

Mendoza, Alf. Francisco (creole) : commands caracoa, a4, 103 ; his pay, a6, 164. 

Mendoza, Francisco de, S.J.: life and labors, aS, 97, 44, 63. 

Mendoza, Jos6 de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 210, 237, 254, 4a, 131, 145. 

Mendoza, Juan de (Span, official): app. alc.-may., ^^^ 227; qualifications and 
salary, 227, 228. 

Mendoza, Juan Gonzalez de. See Gonzalez de Mendoza. 

Mendoza (Mendosa), Luis (Alouise) de (treas. of Magalhaes's fleet): app. by roy. 
decree, i, 254; plots against M., 33, 67; refuses to attend mass, 305; killed, i, 
263, 33, 304» 306, 307; quartered, 307. 

Mendoza, Lorenzo Juarez de. See Juarez de Mendoza. 

Mendoza, Mateo (Matthco) de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 9, no, a4, 31. 

Mendoza, Pedro de (Cardinal and Abp. of Toledo) : writes to Ferrer, I, 130. 

Mendoza, Pedro de, O.S.A.: mias*y to Ilocos, a4, 56; sketdi, 56. 

Mendoza, Pedro Diaz de. See Diaz de Mendoza. 

Mendoza (Mendoqa), Capt Rodrigo de (Span, officer): commands ships, 14, 332, 
16, 63; in various campaigns, 53-56, 309; his mother, 309. 

Mendoza (Mendoza) Gamboa (y Ganvoa), Capt Juan (Joan, Span, officer): com- 
mands ship, 10, 234, 269, 31, 150; exped. to Camboja, 31, 150-152; ambassador 



Mesa] INDEX 573 

to SiaiD, and experiences there, ii, 386," 15, 19, ai, aa, 184, 185, a44-a45, 31, 150; 

death, aa, 2^, 
Menendes y Pelayo Maroelino (Span, acholar): in charge of Biblioteca Nadonal 

(Madrid), 53t ^9- 
Menetes, Diego de (Port gov. of India) : despatches vessel to Moluccas, 4, aaa 
Meneses, Duarte de (Port naval officer and viceroy of India) : negotiations with 

Legazpi, a, 283, 284; witnesses doc, 295, 298, 299, 310; publishes decrees, 7, 79; 

writes Pel. II, 80, 81, 203; sketch, 79. 
Meneses, Esteban (sec priest) : provisorship, a8, 275. 
Meneses, Tristio (Tristan) de (Port officer): in £. Indian Is., i, 299, 34i >53» 158; 

gives notice of Magalhaes's fleet, 39. 
Meneses y Toledo^ Fulgendo de (Span, officer) : commands Span, fleet, 31, 197. 
Menezes, Aleixo de (Port official) : despatches ezped., 34, 153. 
Mengala [Bengala?] (trade center) : exports, 16, 228. 
Mengqya (Japan): identified, 9, 26; location, 5a, 332; Jap. court at^ 9, 26. See 

also Nagoya; and Nongpya. 
Menor, Francisco, O.S.F.: arrives in Phil., la, 193. 
M^ntrida (Mentrida), Alonso de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 15, 69, 77, 106, 109^ 

126-128, 130, 131, 133, 135, 136, 147, 155, a9, 18, 265-270. 
Mercadillo^ Manuel de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129. 
Mercado, Capt — (ale-may.) : defies native superstition, 30, 291. 
Mercado, Capt Christoval de (Span, official): in Japan, 15, 118, 120; services, aa, 

lOI. 

Mercado^ Diego de (interpreter): acts as witness, 11, 27. 

Mercado, Diego Vazquez de. See Vazquez de Mercado. 

Mercado, Francisco de, O.S«A.: life and labors, a3, 278, 279, a9, 264. 

Mercado, Ignado de, O.S.A. (visitor): attends chapter, 4a, 284; distributes seeds, 
47i aao. 

Mercado, Joan Vazquez de. See Vazquez de Mercado. 

Mercado, Capt Juan de: in Igorot exped., 37, 245. 

Mercado (Mereado) de Andrade (Andrada, Dandrade), Capt Francisco (Span, 
official) : official acts, 6, 230, 7, 304, 9, 132, 136; his encom., 8, 116; attends coun- 
cil, 9, 122, la, 31; members of Manila Cab., 11, 256; acts as guardian, 14, 75, 

Mercedes, Bias de las (Rec, prov'l) : life and labors, a8, 304, 346. 

M^rida, Juan de, O.S.F.: buries notary, 7, 193, 40, 345. 

Merino, Francisco: accompanies Villalobos, a, 59, 60. 

Merino, Francisco, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 2S, 202; sketch, 202. 

Merino, Juan Flores. See Flores Merino. 

Merino, Pedro (Port, official) : commandant at Timor, I, 301. 

Merino Manrique, Pedro (Span, officer): in Mendana's exped., 15, 105; Men. kills, 
112. 

Merizo (Merizo, vill. in Ladroncs) : Jes. in, a8, 152, 172. 

Merlo, Nicolas, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, X14. 

Mermeo, — (Span, sailor) : finds Santo Nino, a, 128. 

Mesa, Francisco de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 224, 38, 2x7, 218. 

Mesa, Juan de (Span, officer) : commands Span, fleet, 46, 37. 

Mesa, Juan Galindo de. See Galindo de Mesa. 

Mesa, Marcos de, O. St J. of G.: rebuilds hosp., 47, x68; superior, 192. 

Mesa, Pedro de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 254, 266, 38, 2x9-223, 4a, 163. 

Mesa, Rodrigo (Roderigo) de (Span, official): services, ^2, 234; slain, 38, 97. 



574 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mcsa 

Meta y Aponte, Juan de la (Span, official) : defeats Mor.» 4^ 39. 

Mesa (Messa) y Lugo, Lioen. Dr. Alvaro (Albaro; Alooao^ 19, 89, lai) de (otdor 
of Manila Aud.) i-eventii etc, during his tenoy iS, a^ 276, 19, 15, 78, Sa, 89, lai, 
126, 127, 130, 131, 135, 136, 14X, M, II, 15, 16-18, 54, 60^ 112, 124, 134, 
X36, X37t »59-«7«. 174-aoi, 204-206, 212, 214, 223, 224, 300^ 303, ai, 91, 93, aa, 
63, 66, 149, 33, 34, as, 232, a6, 105, 107; aerrices oommended, aa, 13, 91, 92, 
102; member of Misericordia, 47, 27; death, a 7, 28; petitions by, ao, 18, 190, 
201, 202; writes FeL III (1621, and July 30^ 1622), 16-18, 159-225, 305. 

Mesala, Capt Lorenxo: arrivea at Manila, 4a, 226. 

Meseguer, Juan Facundo, O.S«A. (prov'l) : controversy with Arandia, 4S, 185. 

Mesina (Mecinas), Francisco, S.J.: life and labors, 36, 225, 227, 228, 231, 233-235, 
4a, 1x8, 44t 97- 

Messa, Juan (Joan) de, S.J. (leaves Society) : seduces Fajardo's wifc^ ao, 34-43 ; 
killed, 10^ 36, 39, 196. 

Messa, Pedro de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 

Messa Suero, Juan de: death, ao, 133. 

Mesquita, Francisco de la: acts as witness, 4, 218. 

Messmer, Bp. Sebastian G.: thanked, i, 15. 

Mestizos (and mestizas), those of mixed blood (generally applied to PiL-Chin., 
though others also included in term) : term defined, and those included in, 4, 145, 
40, 30X, 51, 102, X03; distinguished from pure natives, 102, 103; mixed class, 
103; keep distinct from natives, 105; called bastard race, 5a, 64; number, ao, 
as*! 3S, 55, 40, 301, 4S, 143. 5a, 39, 115; increase, 18, 306, 5^ ^ 108, 109; 
proportion of, in Phil., 51, 80^ 5a, 73; reckoned in Span, census, 116; diaracteris- 
tics, aa, 257, 40, 302, 50, 167, 51, 102-105, 206, 5^ ^ 65, 304; in various 
places, ao, 232, ai, 313, a8, 164, 170^ I79» 36, 54. 9*1 43» »68, 274, 44, la^ 8I» 
200; Tagabaloes called, a4, 175, 40, 299; flee to Macasar, 38, 70; social and 
economic condition, I, 73, 3I» 55» 40, 195. ao9i a««t 301, 4^t »i9» a6«» 5l» 94. 
98, 5 J, 64, 65, 73; marriage with Span., 17, 97, a3, 280; dowries, a8, 129, 188, 
5a, 86; imitate Europeans, 40, 302, 51, 105; Europeans superior to^ 46, 349; su- 
perior to Fil., 349; hostile to Span, races, 183; hated by Fil., 105, 5a, 18; dis- 
contented in Phil., 122, 123; should have distinctive dress, 61; tsrrannize over 
Phil, 64; women and girls, 17, 97, ao, 220^ 243, a3, 257, 280^ a8, 129, 188, 208, 
31, 55» 40, 330» 44, 35t "9t 46, 345. 47. «70» Sa, 35. 62, 86; should learn trades 
in Mex., J, 85 ; sold., 4i «45. 6, 181, 7. 17. '^S. 8. 307. 9i H'. H*. 'O. «a5. 18. 
19, 186, 187, 16, 175, 19, 13. ««. «9. »5S, 41. 77, 50, 69, 72, 85, 86; army of- 
ficers, 51, 183, 186, 187, 5a, 94; act as rowers 31. 289; galley-slaves, 44, 37; 
officers in navy, 51, 124; pilots, 197, 198. Lawyers, 36, 300, 45» 301, 302, 51, 
251; should be compelled to weave, 44, 284; engage in mnfre. of clodi, 45, 77; 
designers, 45, 278; practice various trades, 48, 143; mining, 50, 180; agriculture, 

51, 137, 5a, 58; wages small, 51, 210; control trade, I, 68, 51. 19, 234, 246; 
trade at Manila, 40, 288; allowed to trade in prov., 51, 50; tricky in trade, 40, 
209, 51, 130, 156; traders tyrannize over natives, 237, 246; their methods of do- 
ing business, 245; their methods of acquiring land, 52, 304, 305; enslave Fil. 
for debt, 16, 128; refuse clipped coin, 50, 86; govt, relations, have separate govt, 
and officials, 17, 22, 324, 5i> '05, 123, 133, 5a, 58, 300; petition gov., 17, 3x0; 
elections among, 327, 328; cheat officials, 51, 94; their officers, characterized, 123; 
apptmt as officials urged, 52, 86; aid insurgents, a9, 219; loyal, 220, 38, 107, 

52, 20, 39; feudal rights over, 30, 229, 52, 346; act as patrol, 40, 30; not allowed 
in vilL of natives, 50, 159; readily commit perjury, 51, 202; political tendencies. 



Mexicans] index 575 

ao9-az3; should collect for treas^ 5a, 63; attitude toward Spain, 65; give bribes, 
73; do not care for independence, loa; exiled from Phil^ 138; exempt from ar- 
rest during harvest, 393; forbidden to use opium, 3x8; taxes and trib. paid by, 
17. S33t 40, SOI, 47, 130^ 50, 114, 51. "9t 5a, 58. 73; repartimientos among, 
50, 304; exemption from trib. urged for, 51, 351; land tax, on, urged, 5 J, 65; 
escape burdens laid on natives, 73; polos not extended to^ 73; subject to Inquis^ 

5, 17, 370; miss, work among, ao, 338, 339, 36, 93, 44, 78; convert accompanies 
Gonzales, 3a, 387; devotion among, 44, 35; beaterios among, 119, 46, 345; com- 
plain of Jes., 14, 59-61 ; nuns among, a8, 308 ; sec priests among, 308, 358, 374, 
4a, 199, 50, 59, 51, 17 (immoral), 303-305, 5a, 136, ecc offerings by, 50, 89; 
hosp. for, 14, 309, 47, 170; sheltered in Sta. Potendana, ao, 330^ 343 ; schools needed 
for, 34, 370; attend schools and coll., 45, 139, x(o, 353, 365, 46, 363, 51, z68; 
make progress in sciences, 45, 370; their celebration, 375; admitted to freemason 
lodges, 5^ t2% 181, 183, 334; Chin., 17, 334, 337, 338, 18, 306, ao, 333, ai, 313, 
a9, 319, 330, 358, 300^ 40, 311, 358, 301, 30a, 43, »68, 374t 48, i43t 5©, 204, 51, 
103-106, 156, 310, 5^. iS» S9» 58t 65, 73, 103; Malabar, 40, 16, 301; Jap., 399, 
303, 5a, 109; Dutch, 4a, 319; Span., 51, 103, 5a, 58, 115, 116; Span.-Amer., 
133; Geronimo has no (Meldicas), 19, 314; threaten Chin., 36, 333. 

Meteorology and meteorological phenomena: observations made in Manila by Jes., 
48> »9Si 5«, «6i; clouds, 38, 246, 347; fogs, 9, 390^ 15, a39t «o, 368, a4, 154, 
38, 385; rains and floods, J, 1x9, la, 3x0^ I5i Ha, 343, 16, 38, 39, 3^» >98t 39* 
147, 4a, X9, 357, 358, 44, 89; thunder and lightning, 5» 125, 16, 39, ao, 368, ai, 
903, 313, 3«, ao5, 33, a93, 44, 8x; waterspouts, 35, 9»; rainbows, 5, i«9, «33» 
ai, X38, a9, 383, 40, 70, 7a, 334, 43, 306; drought, ao, 33, J3, 9h 3i, 33, 35, 
133, 184, 39, X47; snow and ice, 7, 190; stomu (baguios, biguios, vagios, vaguios, 
gales, hurricanes, samatras, tempests, tornadoes, typhoons, tifones, tufooes, whirl- 
winds), I, 3x8, 3x9, 3, 103, 4, 67, 5, 193, 196, 7, 66, 86, 87, 134, 10, 35, la, X83, 
184, 13, xa3, 14, 271, 16, 37-39, 303, 304, 17, 267, 18, 74, 1x7, ao, 35, 106, 349, 
^3, 124, «95, ^95, ^4, 53, 97, x^i, «7, 30x, a8, i8x, 39, 15, 47, x66, X67, 396, 
31, 35, '3*, 3a, 66, 333, 368, 36, 380, 38, 59, 284, ^85, 39, 4^, 41, 40, 105, 4«, 
»5, 43, 8x, 44, 8x, 45, 197, a98, 47, a34. 48, X75, 49, 5«, 5*, 9«, "9, «8o, X89, 
198, 51, 48, 5a, X09, 304, 349 (see also Shipwrecks; above, rains; and below, 
winds) ; winds (bonanzas, brisas, brizas, monsoons, vendavals, bendabales, trade 
winds), I, X35, 30x, a, 346, 3, X90» «9«, 4, 9, a«-a3, a8, 54, 5, i49, X5«, «65, 1^7, 

6, X37, 14, 58, 15, X09, 164, X74, 196, aio, 330, 349, 16, 96, xo8, X09, X78, X83- 

186, 300-304, 309, 357, 358, 3", 17, 254, a68, 18, 93, xx6, 33X, 19, 34, 90, 93, 
94, 3X1, 335, 347, ao, 95, X06, M, 78, xoo, xox, X76, 23, 47, 48, 6x, 95, xx6, x6o. 
169, X75. X76, X96, X97, 3x0, 36x, 363, 379, a4, 58, 9h 94, 98, 103, xx6, X37, X44, 
160, x68, 3x9, 343, a6, 380, a7, 355, 256, 3x5, a8, 89, 378, 380, 388, J9, 23, «94, 
309, 30, X39, 31, 20X, 3a, 268, 375, 34, 190, 394, 39^, 398, 35, 2x4, 228, 24X, 
36x, 272, 36, 26x, 280, 37, 13X, X43, 177, 180, X87, 275, 287, 38, 245, 246, 248, 
365-367, 385, 39, 5«, 55, 73, 83, xxo^ xxx, XX3, XX5, 4a, X63, X65, X99, 300, 43, 

187, 44, 78, 8x, 83, 47, X03, 39X, 393, 394 (see also Shipwrecks; and above, 
storms) ; calms, 4, 33, 33, 16, 3xx, a4, 385, J9, 309. 

Mexia, Alvaro (Port. oflBcial) : signs treaty, i, X64. 
Mexia, Alf. Francisco: acts as witness, a7, 34. 
Mexia, Matheo: acts as witness, a6, 303. 

Mexia, Salvador, OJ*.: arrives at Manila, 37, 85; sketch, XX7, xx8. 
Mexicans (inhab. of Mex., Indians and Span.): armor, a, 3x3; market tents of, 3, 
8x; discover Phil., a, 33x, 33X; trade relations, 6, 30^ 307, 308, 7, X3, X53, 363, 



576 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mexicans 

Mexicans (cootinued) — 

8, 169-171, 240, 10, 15, loa, 174, 175, la, 9, ii-is, 51, 5a, 60p 10a, 103, 16, 176; 
employ agents in Phil., 10, 102; ruin Phil., la, 113; seize goods fiom Manila, 51, 
152; occupy Acapulco^ 5a, 113; competes for cathedral post, 51, 98; intermarry 
with PH., loi; regiment o^ at Manila, I, 60; in PhiL miL service, 5^1 115; re- 
volt, from Spain, 37, 167. See also Mexico; and N. Bspafia. 
Mexico (Megico, M^jico), city and cqpntry* — 

Description, etc.: location and distances to and from, x, 308, 8, 31$, 9, 47, 151, 
39, 31X; desert, 51, 90; climate, a9, 311, 31, »94» 3a, 59; floods in, 33, 4S. 44, 
239; earthquakes, 239, 36, 142; famine and pestilence, 239; appellation of tribes 
of, 4, 68; language, words, 7, 33; European Span, in, 51, an; no. of prov. in, 
6, 137; port for, a, 84, 3, xa9i «3o; city near, ai, 119; estate in, 45i 1091 "S; 
plaza in city, 6, 315; social and economic progress retarded, i, 68, 6, Z95; social 
condition, a, 85; Phil, conditions not understood in, 4, 83; meddles with PhiL 
affairs, 311; relations with Phil, excellent, a3, 240; wealthy, ai9, ad, 155, 31, 
294, 3a, 59; wealth drained from, 4a, 235; mfres. and industries, x, 69, a, 193, 
194, 17, 19, a7, 199, a9, 66; should mnfre. silk, a9, 77; mines in, ao, 89; book- 
binder sent from, 7, aa6; base of supplies for PhiL, 8, a43; quality of wine in, 
a9i 69; graduate physicians of, will not go to PhiL, 36, 85; lawyers from, 50, 
140; price of land in, 37, a86; see also below. Trade, and Ecc. Govt, city, cap. 
of N. Espafia, 14, 101; city Cab., a, 83, 5, 248, la, 46; tribunal of aocta. in, x6, 
193; Mex. Council, 18, 190; prov'l council in, ai, 4a; prisons, a3, 103; ak. 
in, 8, 254, 4a, 304; events in hist - discovery, i, 308; Cort6s coDquers^ a, 31, 
48, 54; Span, exiles in, 8, 243; exiles from, in PhiL, ao, 140^ ad, 155; pacified 
by 2kimirraga, aSp 249; corsairs infest, 4a, 278; death of Bustillo Bustamante 
investigated in, 44, 16, 161; modem country of, revoludon, 45, 353, a66, 51, 151, 
180; becomes independent (i8ai), 15a; becomes republic, 14, 248; constitution 
proclaimed in (Oct 4, 2824), 51, 15a; legation at Washington, a, 276. See also 
N. Espafia. 

Trade: port of, open to PhiL com., x, 66; injured by PhiL-Chin. com., 6, 28, 
279-281; merchants of, monopolize Manila trade, 166, 167; trade between Mex. 
and Phil., 8, 169, 170^ 309, I4» xi, 3x4, X9, 240^ 241, a49, aa, ai, a4, X95i 19^ 
308; merchants of, unfriendly to Manila, a3, 11, 49; trade agents in, and from, 
a4, X95, ^s, 126, 127, a9, 71, 77; money of merchants, embargoed in Manila, 
47, 74; trade with China and Macao, 7, 12, 66; overstocked widi Chin, mdse., 
a9, 71, 73, 77; trade with Peru and Indies, la, 66, 19, 105; trading cos. in, 
18, 292; illegal trade in, ao, 18, 2x8, 2x9, a4, ax, a3, ass, >9X-S93> ^9* 74; officials 
in charge of com., I a, 37; trade of, discussed, 8, a40^ xa, 7a, 73; restrictions in, 
I, 62, 67, 16, X76, X77, 17, XX, 33, a4, X9S, X96, 45, X09, xxo; Port should not be 
allowed to trade in, 6, X69; merchants of, should own ships, 34, 400; imports and 
exports, 6, a9, 289, 7, X48, 8, X4S, X46, 273, 302, 10, X63, 263, IX, 109, 14, 73, 
16, 90, 226, 17, XX, 20, a3, X93, a4, 29X, a6, 28x, a9, 39, 78, X96, 296, 297, 308, 
31X, 34, 387, 4a, X49, 45, X09, xxo, 47, X43; Chin, silks undersell Span., i, 62; 
requests quicksilver from Phil., 6, x6, 68; gold should be sent from PhiL to, 27, 
a72; duties in, 29, 289, 9, xx, 72, 10, xx9, la, xs7i 14, 73; markets and fairs 

^In many places, it is noelUmgh impossible to differentiate between the dtf 
and country, and hence the two are placed in one caption. The larger govt, mat- 
ters, such as those relating to the Audiencia of Mex,, mil be found under N 
Espana, For the entire caption, also consult N. Espaha* 



Mcytubi] INDEX 577 

in, ao, 140; iDvestmcDts tod profiti, ao, 35, 13a, 33, 50; prices, 9, 375, 3 J, 27S. 
See also Com.; and N. Espana. 

Ecclesiastical a fairs: tec of, abp., and cathedral (aee Ecc.) ; Phil, freed from, 
4, 121 ; Inquis. in, I, 6z, 5, 258, 6, 56, 10, 151, 25, 260^ a6, 62, 63, 70, 99, a8, izi- 

"Si «85. 196, «97. 31, 14S. 3a, i5i, 36, 59, 73, 87, 37» 4*. «i9i aa^ »««; tithet 
paid in, 7, 146, 9, 299; eoc. salaries of PhiL paid from, li, 86; holy image in, ai, 
133; parish church, 156; rqy. apostolic tribunal of, a8, Z15; conflict over episcopal 
visitation, 37, 193, 194 (see also Palafbz y Mendoza). 

Religious orders and religion in, 4, 46 [t.#., 47], xo8, 6, 137, 7, 72, 8, 55, 217, 
^33. 9. 95» i^» as»8i I3, 39a, 3<w, 302, 14, xoi, 102, 334, 17, 100, ao, 126, ai, 
46, 47, XX9, 122, 286, 297, ^2, 300, 33, Z24, 170, 177, 179, 226, 249, 262, 272, 274, 
285, 287, 34, 3X. 3*, 40^ 4«t 43, 53, ^ 77, »a3, «74» ^5, 9^, 98, ^8, 68, a9, 151, 30, 
123, 125, 128, 236, 253, 284, 31, 4«t 59, X3^ «57, X69, 299, 3a, 59i 9<^ "5, 106, 
108, 130, 266, 34, 3*6, 423, 35, 198, «90, 305, 3", 3«5, 3^7, 36, 74» 87, «", x»3, 
14X, X42, z68, 187, 37, 13, 49, «a4, ^2%, 166, 227, 285, 38, 84, 41, 198, ao3, 
210, 260, 43, 30, 32, 85, 88, 50, 89, 90» 51, 3x0; friars from, not esteemed in 
PhiL, 9, S9, 13, >4>; wine provided for mass in, 14, 155; expenses of miss's in, 
334; law rdg. expelled rel., 18, 190; request Rec., ai, 120^ zai, 266; able to sup- 
ply rel., a6, 124; miss's must not return to^ a8, zo; Phil. abp. remains in, 9, 19; 
criminal of, converted, 3a, 60; Camacho summoned to, 38, 169 (see also Camacho). 
Educational institutions in, la, 228, ai, 120, 265, a8, Z2, 39, 175-Z77, 35, 198, 
4a, 201, 45, 15, Z48, 149, 154, 158, 5X> 30Z, 309; San Jos^ coll. has investments in, 
45, X09 ; Hosp. in, 35, 305. See also Ecc. ; N, Espafia ; and the various rel. orders. 
Miscellaneous: libraries and archives in, I, 14, 53, 38-40; Urdaneta at, a, 33, 
78; PhiL supplied from city, 88, 8, 269; eminent citizens of, z6o; Port sent to, 3, 
17; ships at, dispatched to and from, Z09, 8, 236, 270, 9, 58, 276, la, 102, 15, 104, 
ao, 159, ai, 79, 103, M, 21, 22, a3, 227, 34, 53, xaoy ^9, 167, 257, 3a, 58, 4i, 
'98, 47, 237; ship registers sent to, 13, 265; news sent from, to PhiL, 3, zii; let- 
ters forwarded from, 249; news from Phil, fail to reach, 41, 36; news sent to, 
from PhiL, 44, 182; G. Perez Dasmarifias petitions, 8, 243; sold, recruited in, 
268, a6, 195 ; Span. sold, in, 14, 17 ; recruits desert in, 94, 2x8 ; criminals recruited 
for Phil., 4a, 203 ; weapons given to sold, in, 10, 126; artillery sent to, a3, Z2, 61 ; 
PhiL officials in, 9, 189, 14, 65, 17, 286, ^St 309, 36, 28, 37, 226, 272, 302; Span, 
explorers in, 9, 308; Fajardo's interests in, ao, 2x2, 2x3; supplies from, delayed, 
39, 194; criminals sent to PhiL, 37, 47, 252. 

Mexico (M^jico, Mexico, vilL in Pampanga) : origin of name, a3, 264; pop. and 
trib. in, 18, 96, 3$, 264; insurgents in, punished, 38, 2x0; Aug. in, 17, X94, a3, 
226, 264, a4, 30, 4a, 74, 88, X59, 3$, X52, 2x8, a8, x6$, 37, X5^, x^5, ao8, 237, 38, 
X4X, 4a, X90. 

Mexorada, Pedro, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 69. 

Meyaco (Japan) : Fran, in, 31, 284. 

Meybonga (dist. near Manila) : Jes. ranch in, 39, 133. 

Meycauayan (Meycauayin, Meycahauyan, Micauayan, vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, in, 
a8, 146, x68, 35, 279, 3", 3", 3*7, 36, 2x4, 37, X89. 

Meyer, Rudolph J., S.J.: I, X7. 

Meyha (vill. in Luz6n) : highway widened, 49, 337. 

Meyhaligue (vill. in Luz6n) : Chin, insurgents bum, a9, 206, 2x6, 228, 251; cavalry 
in, 36, 243; Jes. in, 227. 

Meysilo (vill. in Luz6n) : Chin, insurgents flee to, 36, 227. 

Meytubi (vilL) : has trade with Manila, ai, 89. 



578 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mczcoa 

Mezcoa: mispriDt for Morga, i6| S75. 

Mezquida, Joaquin, SJ.: procurator, 49, 394; Paiucngoi writes (July ao^ 17^5) t H* 

336-34a. 34«- 

Mezquita, Alf. A.: in triumplial proccnion, 37, 331. 

Mezquita (Meschita, Mesquita), Alvaro de (Port sailor, related to Magalhaes) : 
capt of ship, I, a6a, 33, 304, 308, 31a; presents petidon to M^ i, a6i ; imprisoned, 
261-263, 319, 33, 15, 73, 305, 306; exonerated, 263, 319; dines widi KL, 33, 305; 
attends mass, 305; explores strait, I, 319; opposes Gomez, 263. 

Mezquita, Domingo, OJ*.: arrives at Manila, 43, 28, 88. 

Miagao (vill. in Panay) : insurrection in, 38, 224, 225. 

Michaelis, Sebastian, O.P.: sketch, 3a, 289. 

Middleton, Thomas Cooke, O.S^: thanked, i, 15, 53, 54; translator, 38, 15; owns 
MSS^ 5a, 105. See also Books. 

Midwives: FiL, 13, 190^ 198; school for training, 45, 166, 302. 

Miedes, Francisco^ S.J.: life and labors, 36, 58, 4 J, 122. 

Mier, Matiis de (Span.) : defends system in PhiL, 36, 296. 

Mier y Noriega, Fernando: contribution to treasury by, and his reward, 48, 183. 

Migrations. See Population and the several native peoples. 

Miguel (Jap. convert), O.S.A.: excellent, 33, 236; persecutors seek, 3a, 243. 

Miguel, Dr. (Chin.) : conversion, J9, 48. 

Miguel, Pedro (alias Dubul, pilot) : goes to Phil., 18, 279-281. 

Milanix (vill. in Luzdn): location, 35, 284; Fran, in, 284. 

Mila6rd (Milaod, vilL in Luz6n) : Fran, in, a8, 154, 168. 

Milarrit (Mirralit, encom. and vill. in Luzdn): status (1591), 8, zi8. 

MiUTARY Affairs and Allied Matters — 

In gentral: jurisdiction, 18, 46, aa, 149, 249, 94, 222, 223, as, 124, 51, 221; 
junta, ao, 48, 75 (see also below. Wars, councils) : quarrel betw. miL and dvil 
officers, a4, 222, 223 ; mil. courts, 38, 75 (see also, Legal ; and Penalties) ; com- 
mission, 51, 37, 55; separate budget asked for Dept of, 4, 79; organization in 
Phil., 51, 121-124; exemption from, proposed, B^ 44! proposed term of service, 
108 ; appurtenances of, not liable to legal action, 9, 240, 241 ; status in Phil., and 
reports, 268, 10, 10, 11, 17, 18, 207-244, 318, 50, 225, 5a, 95; expenses, 13, 236, 
14, 15, a6, 180^ 181, 187, 188, 31a, a7, 132-134, 5I1 i2ii 197 (tee also below, 
Soldiers, their pay) ; reforms made and urged, 8, 269, 39, 53-56, 58, 6z, 51, 182- 
187, 5 J, Z08. MiL training neglected, 7, 256; preparations should be made early, 
8, 296; library estab., 17, 304; chapel and chaplains, 25, 195, a6, 302; salutes, 
212, 41, 291; daybreak signal, 41, 289; road, 43, 283, 284; ceases to aid rel., 44, 
zaa; mil. men advise surrender of Manila, 49, ao6; precautions taken, 50, 69; 
honors paid to dead, 51, 66; factories in Manila, useless, a65; industries should 
not be taught natives, 5a, 66; insurrection provoked by, a4X ; engenders hatred in 
Phil., 251; relations of miL affairs, 10, 17, z8, ao7-a44, 3x8, ^2, zz6-xa4, 323* 

Soldiers: minimum enlistment age, 7, 13, 163, 9, 243; enlistments, etc, 3, 302, 
6, 204, 208, II, Z17, 130, 16, 286, 288, 19, 74, zoo, ao, Z40, 22^ Z09, zzo^ aSt 
263, 24, 335, a6, Z3, Z96, Z97, a7, 44, a9, 299, 36, 228. 

Army, i, Z4, 39-4Z, 53, 60. 8z, 6, z8, Z57, 8, 96, 26z, 262, 274, 16, Z72, Z73, 17, 
397.299, 304, 308, 25, 75, a6, 278, 279 (Span, and Port, united), a7, 334, a8, 
Z90, 272, 38, 166, Z76, 203, 204, 46, 355, 356, 47, 70, 7Z, 48, Z64, z68, 225-229, 
232* 233i 261, 262, 49, 88, Z28, Z29, 50, zz, 50, 65, zzo, 51, i7i 4^1 47» X2Z-Z24, 
Z82-Z95, 27Z, 5a, 65, 94, 95, ZZ5, 242, 252, 253; regiments, i, 6o^ 36, 243, 49f W, 



Military] INDEX 579 

laS, 129 (Brit), 50, 65, 7*1 5^, 93» 94; companies, 3, X5»» ^i as^, 7» 33» «^ «t 
97. II, 130^ aSi, 16, 173, 175, 34, 279, 283, 307, 310, a6, 196, a?, 127, 331, a9. 
55. 34, 445* 44^, 36, 241, 48, 224, 50, 69, 72; garrisons, i, 42, 60, 99, 107, 3, aos, 
aa?. 247, 4, 47 [«X 4<]t 7, 164, 8, 240, 242, 9, 119, 167, 2ox, 266, 267, 10, 9, 
90^ 171, II, 139, 303, la, 40^ 14, 265, 316, 15, 3*5, 3*6, 16, 59, 18, loi, ao, 48, 
ai, 237, 240^ 241, 243, 3«6, ^3, 114, a4, 279, 322, ^s, 11, 41, 47, a6, 195, 259, 286, 
287, ^7, 36, 51, a8, 234, a9, 55, 92, 93, 304, 31, x8i, 35, 48, "7, '54, 36, 201, 

37, 249, 38, x6i, 41, X05, 297, 311, 44, 5©, x65, 46, 58, 47, xoi, 49, 4©, 41, xo6, 
'^, 3x3 (Brit), 50, 82 (see also below. Ports and fortifications, presidios). 

Infantiy, 3, x86, 6, 201, 9, Z96, 267, 10, 134, 11, 281, la, 33, 14, 174, 266, 267, 
16, 173, 308, S09, 17, 96, i<H, 306, 18, 35, 54, 140^ 164, 222, 253, 19, 3X» 45, ^ 
70^ 293, ao, 52, iio, 113, 153, 194, 210, 263, 302, 303, ai, 282, 22, 28, S3, 35, 39, 
5X, 73, 12Q, 137, 143, 193, 219, 222, 225, 232, 233, a36, a38-24i, 244, 257, 263-266, 

33, 80, a4, 82, X45, 173, 218, 243, 283, 3ax, 322, 331, 335, as, 47, 2Z7, 288, 293, 
36, 24, SI, 32, 36, 159-X64, X72-176, 182-185, 196, 197, 2n, 278, 287, 302, a?, ¥>• 
44, 50. 348, 349. ^9, 54, X38, 204, 248, 253, 257, 31, ^47, 34, 445, 447, 35, 5^. 8x, 
177, 256, 260, 26X, 36, 32, 52, 175, 37. 58, ai3, 246, 38, XII, 130, 157, 166, 17s, 
177, 203, 44, 192, 47, 97, 100, 105, 114, 125, 48, 224, 5i| X2I, 188; pioneers, 15, 
5a. 16, 59; pikemen, a, 124, 4, 27, I4, X27, 128, 16, 54, ai, 81, M, 39, 37, S37, 

34, 206; lancers 3, 78, loi, 4, 31; archers or bowmen, 3, 78, 82, loi, la, 78, 224, 

39, 229, 232, 248, 253, 254, 36, 148, 236-238, 37, 33 ; halberdiers, 6, 180, 181, 7, 
1^3, 253, 9, a4X, 14, 265, 16, 54, 188, 17, S^x, 37, 122, 39, 248, 34, 4^8, 37, 59. 
43, 184, 44. 157, X89, 47, 97, 5«, xo8; shield bearers, 36, 209, 212, 252, 256, 257 
(see also below. Armor) ; arquebusiers and musketeers, 3, 124, 3, 73, 84, 75, 100, 
M4, X53. X57, 4, »7, 3X, 33, 45, ^5, 88, 191, 6, 70, aoi, 9, X72, 174, 2^8, 283, lO, 
49, II, 126, 13, 34, 78, 160, 13, 224, 3x3, 3x4, *4, 54, 65, 67, 122, 127, 128, 131, 
«73. 265, 15, 210, 235, 261, 16, 37, 40^ 55, 140^ 147, 172, 256, 284, 19, 62, 293, 
33, 28, 51, 234, 3x9, «6, 48, 204, 209. 306, 309, 37, 221, 263, 338, 39, 123, 229, 34, 
206, 386, 35, X40, 240, 242, 245, 37, 33, 41, 290, 4a, 222. 

Cavalry, i, 60, a, 51, 36, 27, 29, 196-198, 39, 54, 109, 201, 2x1-2x4, 218, 236, 
^38, 239, 244, 249, 253, 257, 35, 256, 261, 36, 222, 228, 239, 240, 241, 246, 295, 

38, 15X, 173, 174, 175, 177, 50, 72, 51, X2I, 124, 188, 190. 

Artillery (artillery men, artillerists, bombardiers, cannoniers, gunners), i, 60^ 
^, X89, 3, 78, 94, xoo, 102, III, 114, 1x6, 133, X39, 3x3, 4, xx, 36, 76, 79, 8, 74, 269, 
9, 267, 283, 285, 293, 10, 68, 91, 100, II, 117, 180, 13, 34, 49, 13, 261, 262, 14, 
145, 266, 267, 16, 137, 173, 284, 17, 38, 261, 309, 18, 26, 253, 270^ 338, 19, 293, 
296, 33, 307, 33, 3X, 34, 215, 15, 30, 35, 4x, 165, 202, 36, 87, III, 204, 214, 257, 
258, 37, 21, 22, 125, 128, 129, 131, 132, 332, 39, 234, 34, 34, 35, 44X, 442, 36, 32, 

40, 170, 285, 41, 30X, 44, 272, 312, 47, 97, xoo, 106, 112, 113, 117, 125, 49, X7 
(Brit), 51, 121, 123, 124, 188, 190-X9S, 53, 75, 92. 

Regulars (paid sold.), and others, 7, 161, 9, 267, 15, 13, 65, 66, 217, 16, 36, 41, 
146-148, 160, 173, 174, 176, x88, 256, 47, 117, 124, 125, 50, 189; volunteers, 14, 
57, X74, 3x4-3x6, 325, 15, 235, 236, 16, 41, 17s, 17, 116, 127, 26x, 274, 18, 247, 
33, 319, 34, 280, 331, 332, 37, 40, 2x8, 321, 39, 122, 131, 249; mercenary, 9, 172; 
conscripts, 16, 256, 257, 33, 290; militia, 47, 163, 49, 109, 265, 50, 72, 225, 51, 
121, 122, 189; engineers, 3, X33; sentinels, 4, 40, 43, 72, 79, 5, 239, 243, 8, 268, 
9, 90^ 16, 107, 31, 128, 38, 47, 36, 96, 38, 203, 48, 82, 83 ; bodyguards, 4, 72, 7, 
163 (see also above, halberdiers) ; standard-bearers, 14, 264, 266, 16, 172, 19, 
24s, 47, 97, 98, xoo, 105, 106, 117, 124, 125 (see also Flags) ; guard, 35, 166, 174, 



580 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

MiLTTARY Affairs and Allied MAmts (oondiiued) — 

5a, 108; scouts, 37, 34^; marines, 49> 55> 5^> Si, 85, 99, zot, zaS, 326, 50> 6a, 
5I1 189 (see also Ships). 

Of various nationalities - Span., 4, 108, ai, 316, aj, 95, 34, 102, 145, 163, 25, 
148, j6, 13, 197, 37, 259, a63, 272, 274, 292, 298, 321, 325, 349, 357, a8, 327, 39, 
122, 132, 37. a45, 3S, 108, 4a» las. a45i 44. 63, 70, 51. «64 (see also throughout 
this division) ; natives of Phil., 3, 78, 82, Z0&-102, 6, 70^ 7, 124, 8, 241, I3, z8, 
160, 13, 224, 14, 54. X73. «77. »5. 5*. »6, 257, 309, 17, 300, 311, 18, 25, 297, 318, 
ao, 294. aa, 95, 319, a3, 87, 98, 244, 245, 34, $21, ^6. «o2, 37, 351, 39, 55, 122, 
131, 204, 205, 229, 230^ 232, 238, 248, 253, 254, 258, 274, 292, 34. 445. 446, 35. 
140, 263, 265-267, 270, 36, 16, 148, 228, 236-240^ 243, 37. 33. X69, 245, 38, 89, 91, 
98, 120, 134, X41, 167, 173, 190, 197, 209, 2x6, 220, 40, 121, 170, 251, 285, 294, 

41. «3, 73. 77, 8a. 83, a87. 4^, 123, 165, 46, 43. 4*. 5*. 355. 356. 47. 97. 98» 
100, 105, 106, 117, 118, 49. "5. ««6, 50, 65, 72, 2Z2, 51, 45, 51, 52, 102, X20, Z22, 
124, 187, 189. 5a. 65, 94, 95, 108, 115, 2x6; Chin., 3. ao5, 225, 227, 4. ^7. S«-S3. 
44. 57. 58. 61, 2x4, 7, 227, 9. 44. 45, 50» 5h ^3. a84, 16, 252, 257, 19, 44; Jap., 6, 
200, 203, 209, 7, 99, 9, 24, 39, 41, 46, 51, 54, 10, 212, la, 78, a9, 257, 258, 36, 
237; Turkish, 4, 65; Siamese, 9, z66, 167; other natives of Orient, 4, 184, 8, 74, 
a9, 254, 257, 35, 140, 36, 237, 38, 178, 203; mestizos, 39, 258, 51. im; Creoles, 
36, 237, 38, X78, 203; negroes, 41, 77; Amerinds, 9, 241, 242. 

Numbers in Phil, and in various localities, etc., i, 33, 37, 39, 42, 60^ 3. 152, 4, 
33, 86, X04, X08, XX4, 132, 6, 62, 70, 240, 7. X7. S3. «»». «62, 166, 8, 97, 9. 44. 45» 
47, 48, ^45. a67, II, 125, 13. 260, 15, 68, 268, 324, 16, 46, 50, X47, x6o, X72, x88, 
237. 25$, 257, 264, 284, 286, 297, 309, 17, 36, 45, 48, 115, X78, 3ao. x8. 35. H5. 
ao, 48, xxo, X53, as, 163, 34, 279, 322, a6, 25X, 3x0, a7. 126-X29, 134, 235, 39, 
54, 2X4, 228, 236, 238, 244, 257. 31. 77. 78, "3. x8i, 34. 395. 396, 405, 35. 98. 
229, 36, X93, 202, 22X, 240^ 37. 2X9. 41. 3x4. 4^. 245, 44. X65, 47, xoo, X05, 114, 
xx8, 48, 224, 247, 49, X06, 50, 72, 81, X22, x88, 189, 5a. 65, 1x5; needed in, and 
requested for Phil, and other places, a, 124, X55, X85, 189, 3. x6, 20^ 25, 38, 206, 
2x1, 247, 299, 301, 302, 4. 59, 60, 7X, 77, 5. X95, 197, 245, 6, x6, 25, 62, 7X, X76, 
X78, X79, 200, 235. 236, 7, X2, 36, 56, 85, 89, 90, X23, X24, X35, X36, x6x, 8, 74, 243, 
244, 259, 9, XX-X3, 20, 74, 75, xx6, X42, 246, 275, 276, 289, 292, 298, 327, 10, 207, 
208, 262, II, X26, 266, 14, X76, X78, 15. 93. X59. 209, 16, 244, 17. 25X, 18, X5, 196, 
253, 19, X 3, t6, X02, X03, 203, ao, XX, X2, 47, 48, 57, 73, X07, xxo, X44, X45, X47, X53, 
X54, 22, X2, 74, as, 227, a4, x8, 25, X50, X85, X98, 283, 322, 335, as, 4X. ^6, 280, 
284, a8, 234, 31. XX2, X75, X79, 3a. 256, 34. 206, 22X, 35. X97, 36, 226, 257, 38, 
X40, X44, 41, 299, 300, 302, 4a, xoo, 44, X22, 48, 205, 206, 223-225, 23X, 254, 262, 
50, 62, x88, 189, 51, S4i 264, sa, x8, 65; in various places, reinforcements, and par- 
ticipation in exped. and campaigns, I, 32, 33, 74, 84, 30X, 3, 53, 7X, 77, xxo, xxx, 
XX3, X27, X30, X34, X42, X44, X45, X47, X52, X56, X59, X62, x8x, 205, 237. 249. 273, 
276, 280, 283, 4, 24, 32, 33. 46 [«.#.. 47]. 6x, 70, 79, 82, 94, X32, 200, 20X, 207, 209, 
220, 22X, 230, 232, 256, 258, 263, 270, 295, 298-300, 6, 7X, 275, 7. 32, 38, 40, 4X, 66, 
80, X22, X23, 135, 20X, 8. 240-242, 268, 9, X2, 44, 5x, 52, 60, 75, xx8, X67, 196, X99, 
10, X5, 47, 48, 68, 208, 278, II, X30, X37, X40, 249, 285, 30s, la, 34, 54, 76, X63, 
251-253. 13, 266, 305, 14, XX, 55, X20, X34, 143, X44, X47, X83, 282, 292, 309, 15. 
49, 249, 266, 272, 280, 16, 56, 259, 262, 272, 273, 286, 288, 294, 305, 3x2, 3x3, 17, 
37, XX5, 18, 53, 19, xxx, ao, 48, 58, 73, 74, 2XO, 233-235, 263, 280, 22, 74, X09, xxo, 
a4, 2x8, 307, as, 208, 303, a6, X97, 27, X7, 269, a9, 55, 201. 204, 205, 230, 238, 248, 
a58, 274, 30, 82, 31, X3, 93, X05, X97, 223, 34, 32x, 336, 448, 35, 62, X03, xo6, 123, 
36, X94, 222, 224, 238-240, 243, 37, 34. 99. X67, 38, 200, 40, 2x7, 41, X3, 77, 4a, 



Military] INDEX 581 

171, ao3, 43, 10, 4X-43t 6a, 65, 88, 44. x^S. 47, i43, 48. Hh 144. 1481 49t »x. 
8a (Brit), 109, ZZ5, ii5, 50, 144. 

Classes and character, i, 73, 3, an, 4. 78, 6, 177, a36, 7, 75, 163, 9, 88, 9a, 
341, 10, 13, 15, 17, a54, ao, Z40; unmarried preferred, 4, 78; whipped men 
cannot be, 83; Pil. attitude toward, X, 45, 6, 184, xo, za4, 34, ao^ aa6; their 
treatment of natives, 3, ac^ 292, 5, a34, 144, 6, 255, 7, 166, 9, 241, 246, 11, 276, 
14, sa» 3a, X9«. 34, a74» 43, 10, 46, 51, 93, 94,* reforms needed among, 6, 176- 
181, 8, 269, 9, 267; unfitted for office, 14, z6o; see also below, status of morals. 

Economic features - their pay (amt, how paid, and yarious considerations), 3* 
145, 151, X78, 209, 302, 4, x8i, 235, 295, 296, 302, 5, 334, a45. 6, 26, 29, 52, 61, 
176-179, 203, 236, 254, 255, 297, 300, 7, x6, 124, 137, 146-148, x6i, 162, 166,, 9, 
17, 88-90, 176, 179, 241, 254, 289, 290» 10, 13, 122, 123, 173, 174, 218, la, 33, 34, 
71, 72, z66, 13, 237, 239, 26X, 262, 3n, 14, II, 23, 55, 60, 62, 143, 145, 178, 247, 
265-267,3x8,321,15,21,215, 217, 16, 160, 172-175, x8«, X9X, a86, 287, 17, 2% 92, 
I50» 18, 35, 36, 54, 138, 222, 19, I3f 94. xoo, no, X44-X47, a93-»95. ^o, 63, 96, 
xiS» 303, M, 257, 263-266, a3, 3«. 99, 245, ^4, ai8, 303, 33*, «5, X95, ^6, 19, 
ax, XXX, 137, X48, 151, 159-164, X72-176, X81-185, 187-192, 202-204, 209, 2x1, 212, 
214, 218, 226, 227, 257-259, 309, a7, x8, X28, X29, 131, X32, 359, J9, 54, X38, 34, 

35, 404, 405, 446, 447, 36, 49, 50. '75. a6x, 262, 37, 3'. ^33. ^7^ 38, 150. 157. 
228, 4a, 203, 301, 44, X65, 281, 47, 97, 98, xoo, X05, X06, 112, 1x3, 1x7, 124, 125, 

48, 225, 226, 233, 238, 50, 52, 87, 51, X89, 5^. 80^ X08; status at various times, 
a, ao^ 3x3, 7, 3a, X59, x6x, 9, 166, 10, la, 13, 124, 174, 34, 285, 309, as, 165, 
302, 209, a6, 32, 36, 87, 272, 273, a7, 21, 22, 41, 42, 39, 1x2, 51, X90-X95; pov- 
erty and hardships, 3, x88, a8i, 4, 78, 84, 88, 6, 15, 6x, 177, 297, 298, 312, 7, 
93. 9, »8S, 10, 58, 63, 218, 13, 308, 14, X54, ao, 302, M, 40^ X43, 264, 94, 115. 
154, a6, 196, a9, 243, 30, 275, 276, 31, 97, 98, 38, XXX, 157, 41. a88, 44. 165; 
supplies and rations, a, 190, 191, 3, 7X, aoa, 209, 217, 4, 88, 5, a44, 6, 203, 18, 
90, 140, 143, 144, 180, 337, 19, 296, a4, 1x5, 27, 274, 352, 361, J9, 56, 34, a33. 

36, 49, 50. s»6a, 301, 47, 97, 98, 105, 106, 117, 50, 233; equipment, arms, 
and clothing, 4, 103, 132, 6, 201-203, 9, ^h »<>. X7S, 209, 14, xx8, 17, lo^ ^3, 
245, a4, 325, a6, 281, 36, 49, 50^ 38, 187, 48, 272 (see also below. Weapons, 
and Ammunition) ; will impoverish Phil., 3, 58 ; supported by raids, x88 ; must 
be supported by natives, 5, 245, 47, 119; encomenderos support, 8, 35; cost and 
method of maintaining, 308, 309, 10, 128, 14, 263, 16, x6o, ao, 1x3, ^^, 103, 
a4, 198, a6, 13, 197, 198, a7, 126-129, 134, a9, 55, 30, 44, 36, 5a, 48, 226-228, 
261, 262; fund for crippled, 27, 128; quartered on inhab., 7, 32, 42, 43, II, X07, 
a6, 151; barracks or quarters, 8, 272, 10, 92, II, X07, 16, 137, aa, 13, 73, 88, 
95, a3, 182, a4, 58, a6, 294, a7, 269, 271, 39, 58, 109, 44, 192; rewards asked, 
ordered, and granted, 3, 7X, 4. 95, X33, 306, 307, 6, 164, 240, 313, 314, 7, 150, 151, 
X57, 10, 13, 49, 118-122, 160, la, 44, 16, 172, ao, 171, a$, 102, 103, 37, 284, 
345, 358, 359, 39, 74, 34, 3i, ai9. a58, 259, 297, 370, 407, 36, 240, 51, 33; en- 
comiendas granted to, 4, 88, 7, 1x8, 148, 8, 77, 9, 66, 232, 233, 10, 15, 16; aid, 
asked and given, 4, xa, 84, 103, 7, 3*, ^05, 10, 18, 14, 212, 18, 76, 337, 36, 52, 
47, X2, 39, 40 (see also Alms) ; engage in trade, 3, X03, 9, 19, ^68, 14, 325, as, 

'39 (see also below, privileges and restrictions); own slaves, 3, 157, 4, 217; share 
in booty, 5, a34, ^44, 9, i77, 10, 62, 27, 290, 355, a8, 59, 29, X20, 130, 36, 239, 

49, 3x9, 5', 93, 94*, expenses of imprisoned, 4, 106; act as bondsmen, xix; bonds 
not taken from, X13; must be well cared for, 9, 24X. 

Privileges and restrictions, etc., a, 59, 63, 95, 99, 3, x88, 4, xo2, iii, 217, 233, 
5, 244, 6, 22, X79, 180, 21X, 236, 7, 162, 163, 8, 20, 306, 307, 9, 17. a4X, a43, 268, 



582 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

MlLFTART AfFAIKS AND ALUBD MATTERS (oODtlllUed) — 

10, 100, 14, a4» 3"i 3i4i 3«5t *6, lys-'T^t *8| a97t S3X. 19. "o. »7«, ^5» a9» 
3o» 44, 236, 273, Sia. 47, aas, 5i, lao; diicipline, 4, 13, 4^, 7«, XS«, XS*, 6, 177, 
178, 236-238, 243, 7, 166, 256, 8, 211, 9, 245, *o, 47, 91, 92, 13, 207, 15, 158, 
219, 16, 17a, 27X, 288, 19, 31, 178, 179, 206, 271, M, 65, a3, 80, 115, 34, aSo, 

283, 35, 47, 202, 203, aio, an, a87, 293, a6, 43, 44, 8x, 98, «9. 23a, 34, 3«t 404. 405. 
445, 36, 32, 37, 247, 272, 273, 280^ 38, X89, 40, 29, 44> i57. 49, 265, 50, 222, 
233t 51, X22-X24, 185, 189, 5a, 20, X09; mutinies and desertioos, i, 54, a, 18, 73, 3, 
31, 49, 50^ 6, 177, a98, 9, 295, 10, 41, 42, 73, 13, 237, 238, 17, 255, 268, a7i, 
305, 309, 18, 140, 19, no, ao, 49, 99, aio, a6s, a8o, aa, ao, 264, 24, 330, as, 
an, a7, 40, 41, 50, 51, 310, 44, 165, 48, aa6, 49, 9h «o6, aid, 51, 13. 28, 185, 
B^t 93, 94, 216 (see alto Insurrections) ; status of morals, etc., a, a68, 3, a63, 4, 
107, 5, «5, 246, 6, 24, 27, 237, 256, 257, 269-271, 9, 268, 10, 86, 90-92, 124, 
125, «76, 194. 195, 14, 55, 3«5, 16, loi, 17, 253, 268, 18, 336, 337, 19, 243, 
ao, 223, a6, 300, a7, 303, 31, 70. 34, i55, 38, 147, 40, 29, 4*. 261, 44> 123, 
49, 322, 50, 1x0, XXI, 51, 186, 5^, 63; sickness and mortality among, 3, 104, 
a8x, 4, 84, xa6, a63, a79-a8a, a9i, 6, a9, 177, a55, a98, 7» 'S, 5^ 9<^ ««». i»5. 
135, x6x, 8, 17, a4a, a43, 9, 19, 60, 88-90, 9a, a76, a93, 10, ao8, 14, 299, 15, 54> 

57, 243, 265, 16, 64, 240, 285, s«^ 18, H5. 19, ap, ao9, 276, 277, ao, 49, 73, 110, 
ai, X35, aa, 73, 115, 143, 207, 208, 214, 264, 293, 33, 26, a4, 82, 153, 198, as, 
191, 248, a6, X96, 284, 300, 311, a8, 59, a9, 165, 34, 258, 3S9, 40$, 37, 99, 47, 
228, 329; treated in hosp., 7, '43, 8, 145, 245, 246, 9, 9^ lO, 35, 14, 165, 17, 
2x0, 18, 1X3, a$, a7x, a6, 291, a96-soo, 304-312, J7, 293, 47, i7t So^ «63» ao7. 
226, 227 (see also Hospitals). 

Miscellaneous mention, i, 58, 59, J, 51, 62, 91, 118, 167, 209, 3, 17, ao, 39, 40^ 
79, 80, 91, 96, 98, 99, 106, xi6, 117, 133, 135, 160, 161, aas, 227, 255, 280, 292, 
30X, 309-3", 4, 25, 29-32, 38, 40^ 41, 44, 48, 57, 58, 86, 102, los, 106, 107, 115, 
120, 132, 160, 161, 164, 166, 169, 170, 172-174, «79, 184, 195, X97, aoo, ao5, aoS, 
209, 2x2-2x4, 2x6-2x9, 235, 238, 239, 241, 244, 247-249, 252-254, 256, »57, 
260, 262, 263, 269, 270^ 273-282, 285-292, 294, 296, 299-302, S, 26, 194, 
a2a-a24, 24X, a45, 6, 15, a3, 6x, 62, 70, 96, i8x, 187, 189, 195, 198, aoo, aoi, ax9, 
235-239, 285, 7, 38, 39, 58, 72, 99, "9, 121-125, 134, 137, «57, X59, 169, 214, 227, 
256-258, 295, 8, 17, x8, 20, 221, 230, 239, 241, 266, 268, 269, 279, 280, 284, 296, 
307, 9, 24, 34, 36, 39, 4«, 46, 50, Sh 54» 68, 90, "2, 177, »9o, 220^ 226, 241, 24a, 
267, 276, 290, 10, 47, 64, 65, 70, 90, 92, 93, 100, 122, 124, 184, 212, 219, 220, aa4, 
225, 254, 255, 278, II, 130, la, 16, 18, 45, 13, 16, 3«, 84, 85, 135, 223, »36, 237, 

284, 14, 54, x*a» »35, X57, '73, "77, 265, 284, 312, IS, 2x2, 213, 241, 16, 36, 56, 
188, 241, 252, 273, 284, 286, 3>o-3X2, 17, 36-38, 1X9, xa«, xa^ x»7, 261, 266, 274, 
278, 300, 3H, 32X, 322, 335, 18, 25, 46, 145, 197, 247, 269, 270, 282, 297, 3x8, 19, 13, 
44, 62, 63, X02, X03, 205, 237, 243, 271, 297, ao, 59, 98, 99, X5x, X54, X7a, x8o, 
182, 208, 228, 263-265, 294, ai, X5, 8x, 96, 97, 163, 2x4, 230, 231, 294, 295, a^, 
52, 53, 78, 95, "7, X43, '74, '87, X89, X92, 293, 3x9, 23, 56, 87, 98, xo6, 1x4, 244. 
a4, 25, 80, 86, X02, X43, X63, X65, X7a, aax, 223, 279, 280, a89, 321, 326, 331. 332, 
335, as, 4X, X48-150, 180, 183, 184, 196, 207, 2x2, 2x3, 256-258, 271, 285, 286, 
288, 296, a6, 13, 23, 25, 3X, 35, 38, 68, 70^ 74, X49, X95, X97, 259, 287, 294, 300, 
a7, 29, 4X, 42, 44, 50^ 5X, 254, 258-260. 272, 274, 276, 291, 295, 33X, 334, 335, 
337, 348, 35X, 36X, a8, X4, 42, 56, xx6, 140, X89, 197, 218, 2x9, 241, J9, 33, 44, 55, 

58, 84, 88, 122, X23, X27, X43, X59, 178, 2x5, 233, 241, 242, 244, 254, 258, 292, 30, 
a9X, 31, 14, x6, a5, 48, 93, 94, 97, 98, 187, x88, aax, a47, a48, 3a, 174, X79, 34. 
aa, SI, aa5, aa6, a59-26x, 271, 274, 372, 385, 404, 405, 445, 446, 38, 5x, X17, 140, 



Military] INDEX 583 

i6o-i6a, 196, aso, ^43, 263, 265-267, 270, 306, 36, 16, 32, 89, I2g, 132, 136, 209, 
221, 228» 236-238, 246, 37, as. S«. 7S. «69. ^75* a45. »S». 38, 88, 89, 91, 92, 98, 
106, tit-zz3, xx8, 120, 129, 134, 141, 158, 167, 168, 173, 178, 190, 197, 203, 209, 
216, 220^ 39t xa3» «36, i73» »78. >««» «83» as^, a^i, 40, X2x, 170^ 251, 294, 41, 
«3» 6h 73, 77, 8a, 83, "», «ao, 287-289, 4a, i9i 87, 1*3, «4«t i^o^ 222, 233, 270, 
43, 60^ 62, 44, 37, 67, 7a, X83, X90, 45, i5«, 46, 43, 48, Sh 58, 47, »9, »33, a45» 
327-329, 48, 224-226, 49, 62 (Scotch), 127, X28, 2x2, 264, 265, 50, 72, 107, X08, 
145, 2x2, 225, 288, 296, 297, 3x9, 51, 45, Sh 5a, 94, »o2, 122, X23, X87, 189, 250, 5a, 
45, 65, 94, X09. 

Officers: see Offices and officials. 

ff^eapons: carried in Magalhies's fleet, I, 353; in trade, 255, 6, 254, 7, 55, 88, 
i6x, la, X92, 13, 227, 14, 229, 16, 253, aa, 147, 23, 30^ 34, «58; of various 
islanders, a, xo6, xxo^ X99, 13, 284; needed in Phil., 3, 51, 130^ 4, 77, 6, 7X, x8i, 
7, 5^1 90, 8, a43, 9, a75, 276, 10, X5, 14, 61, 176, 178, 18, 247, 19, 9^, 97. ^^» 
147; promised for Phil., 4, 94; Manila provided with, 6, 236; taken from Phil^ 

10, 91; many in Phil., 34, 295; made in Manila, 47, 95; freely allowed in Phil^ 
51, 2x4, 215; few in Phil., 5a, 95; furnished from roy. treas., 4, 82; sold, beg, 
84; forbidden to converted Jews, 5, 263; who may carry, 305; cannot be seized 
for debt, 7, X62; precautions rdg., 8, 284; should be prepared beforehand, 296; 
suggestions rdg., 10, 126; pawned, 6, 178, 7, x6x; as present, 96, 97, 99, xoo; 
made for Borneans, X2x; Chin, rowers carry, 15, 69; Chin, store, 16, 34; cap- 
tured, 38, M, 294, a7, 290, 338, a9, 235, 248, 35, 145, 41, a86; confiscated, as, 248, 
49, X48; abandoned, a9, 239; left at Tidore, 34, x6a Arsenals, 4, 167, x68, 
a6, 207, 48, x68, 49, ax6, 50, 7X, 87, 51, ia4, las, X92, 242, 243; makers of, a, 
X89, 6, 20X, 51, X92. Clubs and stakes, 14, 123, X28; empuyados, a7, 275; slings, 
a, X06, 1x0, aa^ 20a; bows and arrows, 3, 77, 83, 99, 20X, 4, 270^ 27X, la, X54, 
259, a66, 267, 14, X3X, 296, 297, ai, 2x2, 229, a7, 271, 31, 188, 33, ao7, 300, 40, 
X25, 178, 4a, X83, 43, a8o; darts and javelins, 15, x8x, 29, 137, 253; blowpipes, 
a7, 27X, 280, a9, 137; poison, i, 332, a, 69, 95, 3, 83, 84, 144, i8x, 201, 4, aTO, 
27X, ai, 2x2, a7, 294, 33, ao7, 35«. 39, 17, 40, X25, X37, 178, 4^, X83, 43, a8o, 
49, 305; P»k«^ ipcars, and lances, a, 189, 3, 5*, X34. 4, 3^, 58, 59, 77, 78, 164, 
5, a7, X93, 6, 20X, 202, 7, 37, 9, 283, 10, 172, la, X54, 14, X14, X26, X3X, 287, 
288, 302, 16, X06, 183, 17, 333, *8, X78, X79, 22X, ^2, 54, 55, 59, 99, 202, a6, 
X96, 285, a7, 225, 30, 274, 34, 446, 41, 79, a87, 289, 290; battle-axes, 4, a7, 13, 
279; halberds, 4, 34, 9, 283, 284, 14, 328, 17, X5X, 31, 96; swords, broadswords, 
campilans, catans, cutlasses, daggers, krises, and scimiters, I, 335, a, 189, X92, 3, 
75, 204, 277, 4, 58, 103, X64, 241, 293, 8, 266, 9, a3, 24, 28, 36, 38, 44, 47, ao4, 

11, X56, la, 258, 270, 13, 279, 14, 77, "8, X23, X26, X3X, X33, 328, 15, 127, 263, 
16, X83, 198, 17, 109, 18, 68, 227, 324, 19, 3x8, M, 53, 54, 56, 57, 59, 1x8, a3, 
226, as, 164, X82, X83, a6, 35, a7, 225, 265, 28x, 339, 33, 117, a35, 34, a96, 446, 
35, "a, 39, 56, 298, 41, 307, 45, 70. 5a, 343- 

Firearms (arquebuses, blunderbusses, espingardas, guns, muskets, pistols), I, 256, 
258, 262, 3x4, a, 35, 90, X89, 233, 3, 51, 75, 80, 84, 96, 98, xox, X34, X35, X39, X45, 
X46, X92, 257, 4, X3, 36, 39, 58, 59, X03, 105, X06, X64, 220, 244, 270, 5, 27, X69, 193, 6, 
20X, 20a, 7, 37, 55, 57, 97, X26, X69, 256, 295, 8, 268, 288, 10, X2, 60^ 91, 173, ao9, 
II, 246, la, x6i, 13, 56, 14, "4, »x8, X2I, X23, X26, 296, 297, 15, 89, 98, xo6, xx2, 
x8x, 16, 39, 58, 82, 306, 3x4, 17, XX7, X20, 258, 333, 18, 53, 324, 328, 19, 97, 98, 28X, 
284, ao, 269, 276, a3, 90> ««8, X38, X49, X85, X87, 204, 206, 208, 277, 24, xx8, 144, 
a6, XX4, 274, a85, a7, Sh a22, 225, 257, 265, 266, 27X, 323, 324, 332, 35X, 352, 355, 
^, 43, 48, 57, «9, X7. 62, 93, 94, 96, X37, X62, 163, x66, 204, 226, 234, a40^ 292, 



584 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

Military Affairs and Allhd Mattbrs (oontimied) — 

30, 199, 274, a75> a99» 3i» 97» 9', 100^ 103, Ii4» IS^* 188, 25^ 33i asSt 34Xf 34f 

35, a6o, 289, 306, 446, 447, 38i 96» 103, ii7t M5» a^ a^» 36, 32, 131, 257, 37t 
289, 38, 12, 89, 91, 122, 125, 190, 195, 2^ 39» ar. 5^ 40, 7S» 8o^ 181, 4^, 67, 
77» 307, 43, 155. «57. X69, 241, 44, «4f 4^, 44. 47, 95i ^33, a47i 48, 38, 48, SX» 
XS9. 49. X47. X89, 51, 61, 5«, 162, 187, 19s, 198, 199, 216. 

Artillery (animas, cannoiis, culverins, esmerilet, faloooi, fieldpieoet, guns, Ian- 
ta^as, mortars, ordnance, paterero or pederero, quinas, aacres or saken, half-iakert, 
iwivel-guni, tromb, versos or bersos) -cast by various peoples, and in various 
places, J, 35, 3, 109, 112, 136, 5, IX, 3*, X46. ^i 48, 204, 299, 7, 55, 56, 89, 
9, 147. 10, 49, 164, 173, 209, II, 13, 127, 13, 279, 14, $4, 15, to, 67, 95, 16, 139, 
165, 17, XXI, 1X3, ^76, 277, 18, 52, 250^ 252, 19, 205, 226, 297, JO, 58, 109, ai, 
284, 33, 61, 80^ 36, 207, 288, 36, 52, 202, 40, 285, 291, 47, 95 ; material cast from, 
3, X12, 136, 299, 4, 25, 275, 7, 54, 59. 88, 15, 49, 3*4, 3*^ 16, 253, 306, 17, xii, 
18, X70> X76, 34, 2x5, 37, 108, 39, 43, 44, 125, 30, 39. 34, 399. 35, X76, 244, 270^ 
271, 36, 52, 50, 180; used by Oriental peoples, 3, 69, 119, 123, 185, 206, 3t 75* 
77-79. 98-100, 103, 105, 106, 109, X43-X45, 157, 159, 181, 237, 247, 263, 4, 43-45. 
76, 126, X57, 167, x68, 198, 20X, 265, 266, 271, 272, 8, a7. 6, 276, 9, 297, 298, 10, 

238, 24X. 18, 95. 16, 232, 273, 33, 221, 34, X7, 202, 203, 43, x68, 183, 44, ^ 
69, 46, 39; "hip" carry, 3, 51, 73, 80^ 82, 84, lox, 103, 114, 116, 147, 156, 157, 159, 
160, 206, 4. X46, 163, X64, 167, 175, 184, 200, 207, 209, 212, 220, 223, 225, 230, 
a34, a43, ^53. a^s, 271, 6, 73, 74, 7, lo^ 11, 53-55, 60, 88, 9, X74, lO, 58, 60, 213, 
230, 232, 24X, II, 182, 232, 244, a46, 13, 54, 13, X17, 14, X14, 115, 16, 242, 253» 
284, 3x0^ 33, 66, 33. 95. «9, 83, 31, X03, 33t 33. 7*. 38. ^^6, aa8, 237, 245, 250, 
37, X77, 40, i8x, 182, 43, X48, 47, a37. Hx. 49, 48, $2, 53, 58, 89, 90^ xis, 129, 
130^ 206, SI, 124; captured, 3, xoi, 106, 145, 150, 151, 158, 160, 296, 4. ^5* x*^. 
X31, 134, 144, 146, 168, 10, 55, 71, 221, 242, II, 164, 13, 202, Id, 262, 274» 18, 
42, 43, 33, 205, 208-2x0^ 33, 90, 91, 37, 51, 225, 271, 272, 287, 302, 324, 33a. 35X. 
355, «8, 25, 51, 52, 60, 39, 43, 44, 94, 96, 125, 130^ 136, 137, 31, a5X, 38, X59, 40, 
»33. 41, 307. 49. 68; various other mention, I, 307, 324, 325, 3, 57, 71, 78, 80, 
85, 88, 124, X27, 128, 143, 152, 184, 185, 188, 189, 2x5, 3, 21, 46, 49, 51, 94. 99, xoo^ 
103, XX2-XX4, xx6, 133, 134, X36, 160, 178, 195. »X5, 2x6, 299, 313, 4. XI, 28, 29, 

36, 38, 43. 59, 76, 77, 80, 112, 113, xx6, 126, 131, 144, 146, ido^ 163-168, 172, 175, 
178, X83, 2x5, 2x6, 223, 226, 229, 230, 234, »37. »38, a65, 271-273, 275, 298, 300^ 
3x4, 315, 5, XX, 26, 30-32, 192, 193. 6, 70^ X02, 107, 201, 30X, 302, 7, II, 13, 37, 43, 
55. 56. 59-63. 88, 89, 205, 8, 16, 238, 243, 269, 296, 9, X18, 196, 263, 276, 283-285, 
298, 10, X7, 91, 209, 2x0, 224, 233, ", H^f la, 49. X39. x80i I4, xi8, 125, 126, 
X47, X75, 20X-207, 253, 18. 7x, 77. 86, 89, 98, 106, x8i, 2x8, 233. 335. a4X-a45. 
282, 284, 16, 54-58, 137, 138, 239. a4X, 246, 271, 284, 287, 303, 306, 309, 3x4. 3x5. 
17, 106, 117, X20, 127, 148, 255, 269, 270, 272, 276, 18, 44, 72, 74, X38, 164, 254. 
270, 338, 19, 200, 205, 206, 223, 228, 233, 297, 30, 31, 46, 57, 108, X09, 2x0, 31, 129, 
33, X3, 65, 94, 97, XX7, 1x8, 141, 142, 164, 182, 189, X95, 196, 203-205, 214, 307, 
3x9, 33, 12, 31, 61, 87, 89, 90, 161, 166, 34. 86, 153, 168, 2x5, 36, 1x4, 37, 80, 
108, 2x8, 220-222, 257, 263-266, 274, 276, 287, 291, 297. 3*3. 33». 338, 353-354» 
«8, 52, 57, 59, 39, 17, 93, 123, X24, X36, X37, 144, 147, 194, 204, 2X1, 2x7, 220, 
240, 304, 30, 274, 275. 31, 75. 99, XX4, x88, 249, 250, 32, X26, 33, X07, 117, 123, 
X37, X55. X59. x6x, 185, 2x3, 223, 251, 255, 311, 336, 361, 34. X4, 35, 43. 49, 53. 55. 
57, 6x, 69, X47, 221, 222, 290^ 306, 388, 440, 442, 443, 35, X38, X39, 152, 228, 237, 

239, 240, 242, 244, 245, 248, 260, 262, 270, 271, 36, 32, xx8, X32, 224, 250, 253, 



Military] INDEX 585 

«55t a57, 37» 8a» 168, 169, 249, 287, 38, ^ H5. x^t aos, ai6, 39. S*. 40, 170^ 
182, 4a, ass, a45, 43» 135» X57. 158. 44» X57. 189, 47. 94-97. 99. xoj, 104. xx4. 
ass, 48, s8, 41. 4S. 45. 49. XS*. a73. 49. 40. 4*. 48, 74. 81-83, 85, 91. x". XX3» 
115, 116, 118, 131, 170, 171, 51, 121, 190-195; war-machines, 6, 201, 14, 128. 
See also the various tribes and peoples. 

Ammumtion, supplUs, and igtdpment: ammunitioa and supplies in general, a, 
57, 124, 143, 185, 188, 189, 239, 240^ 3, 4a, 49. 5X. «09. X30, 178, 206, 296, 299, S13, 
4, as. $9. 94. 167. x68, 172, 175, 178, 201, 225, 5, a6, 6, 70* 73, 109, 198, 204, 270^ 
SOX, 7, 54-56, 66, 75, 88, 90. 98, X2I, 123, 135, 136, X38, X48, aai, 8, 177, 193, 195, 
HS. 259. a70, 9. X7. ao^ X96, 232, 263, 282, 285, 288, 289, 392, 10, 12, 62, 92, 11, xa6, 
i«. Sx. Sa, 14, X47. X76, 178, 297, 15, X75, 220^ 249, 266, 268, 282, 284, 16, 51, 
5«. X37, 175, 237, a4X, 342, 285, 297, 305, 3x4, 315, 17, 127, 148, 149, 272, 273, 
18, 74, 183, 228, 229, 247, 293, 19, 59. 70^ 95. 96, ao3, 207, 290^ 396, ao, 58, a6s, 
ai, 86, M, 117, 1x8, X27, X70, 182, 2ox, 248, ^3, a6o, 34, 205, axx, J7, X32-X34, 
a74. 35a, 354. «8, 55. «9, a29, 31, X04, XX4, X89, 34, a58, 405, 440^ 35, X54, X59, 
X82, 254, 255, 36, 26X, 38, X08, 41, Sxa, 46, 58, 47. 69, 96, X09, xx8, 233, 48. 
273, 49, x8, 77, 99, X02, X03, 50, 82, XX 3. 

Gunpowder, i, 253, 255, a, x88, X94, 3, 49. 5X, X09, xx6, 133, 139, X78, 245, 4. 
35, X72, 6, 73, ISO, 270, 287, 7, 77. 78, 88, 90, X67, x68, X72, 8, 269, 270, 10, 
49, 62, 92, 165, II, X26, 246, la, 33, X58, 13, a79, 14, 55. 6x, xx6, X28, X76, 178, 
a29, 254, 15, a72, 282, 284, 303, 16, 44, 82, 179, 284, 287, 297, 30X, 303, 17, X04, 
X08, XX3, X22, X49, 273, 299, 18, 44, 53, 22X, 223, 19. 97. ao5, Ji, X22, 266, M, 
99, X93, 202, 206, 208, 34, x7o^ 328, a6, XX4, 212, 255, ^7$ S8, a7x, 276, ap, X25, 
31, 93, X03, 33, asx, 34, 14, 6x, 395, 399, 440^ 38, X59, X82, 255, 260, 266, 36, 
202, 38, x89, X90, 264, 4h Sh 43, X69, 47, 95, 49, xii, X47, 202, 284, 50, 57, 
6S, 85, «i, 69, X2I, X9X, X92, 2x5, 5a, x8, 66; saltpeter, 3, X33, 14, 55, 49, xxx; 
sulphur, 33, 208; powder factories and magazinesy 16, X37, X39, 266, 17, 276, 
aa, X64, 44, X42, 47, 95, xo6, 49, 283, 284, 51, X92; powder-makers, 8, 74, 14, 
254; powder-flasks, a, 189, 10, 209, 19, 97, 24, xx8. 

Shot, cannon balls, and bullets, i, 299, 3, x88, X89, 3, 84, xox, 105, 4, x68, 6, 
202, 206, 8, 269, 9, a85, 286, 10, 58, 9X, 14, 258, 259, 15, 272, 16, 30X, 17, X04, 
XX3, X2X, 18, 4X, 44, 19, 63, 3x6, JJ, 204, ^4, 86, 87, j6, XX4, ^7, 27X, 276, J9, 
xas, 35, X4X, 239, 258, 259, 38, 145, 264, 39, X09, 41, 289, 47, 95*, moW" ^or 
projectiles, 3, x88, 189; metal, 4, 76-78, 27, 27X, 272, 29, X25; flints and locks, 3, 
X89, 6, 202, 45, 70; fuses or matches, 3, 189, X94, 3, 96, 14, 257, 17, XQ4, 33, 
204, 38, 51 ; bombs, grenades, mines, and Are devices, 4, 25, 29, 35, 6, 2ox, 10, 
60, 16, 39, 19, 63, 38, 41, 42, 45, 46, 59, 6x, 39, 44, x6o, X98, 34, 55, 35, a58, 
27X, 49, 98; linstocks, 3, 78, 94, 36, 32; caissons, 10, 9X; ladles, 40, X82; cloth- 
ing and uniforms, 33, 80, 50, 82; scaling ladders, 3, x88, 3, X46, 16, 39, 36, 256. 

Defensive armor'. Span., 3, 85, 4, 28; Jap. wear, 5, 27; Monteses wear, 43, 
300; made of iron and steel, 5, 27, 35, 62; needed in Phil., 4, 77; as present, 9, 
207; in trade, 16, X83; Magalhaes possesses, 33, 326; armorers, 8, 74, 30, 263,294, 
43, 270, 47, X25. Blankets, 3, 189. Breastplates, 5, X93. Bucklers, 4, X64, 14, 
126, 18, 324, ZZ% XX7. Carasag, 33, x66. Coats-of-mail, 3, X89, X94, 3, X44, x6o, 4, 
28, X03, X64, 205, 6, 202, 7, 37, 10, 172, X73, 209, 31, 96, 33, 29, 40, X82. Corselets, 
a, X89, 234, 3, 134, 4, 77, <^, aoi, 202, 36, 38. Cuirasses, 9, 49, 14, xx8, 33, XX7. 
Escaupiles, 3, 2x3. Helmets, 3, X89, 234, 3, X50, 4, 4X, 14, xx8, 16, 38, 37, 28x, 
328, 332, 34, 297. Morions, 3, 189, 6, 202, 9, 49, 10, 209, 34, xx8. Shields and 
shield-bearers, 7, 97, 9, X90, 2xx, 2x2, 14, 264, 266, 287, 288, 302, 19, 293, 30, 275, 



586 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

Military Affairs and Allud Mattbrs (coptinued) — 

M, 54, 56-59, a6, 209, aia, 351, 356, 357, J7f »^ «^, $$«» $$«» 3l, 9^ 38» 9<H 

41, 287, 290, 4a, x66. 

for// tfjii/ forti^cationsi erection o^ leqairet rojr. oontent, 35, 188; not to be 
built in Moluccas, i, 335, 336; built, and method of constructiofi, a, 98, 354, 311, 
3X3» 3x6, 3x7, 3ax» 8, 3a» 6, 48, 49, 7, 57, 90^ 91, 135, 8, 16, 10, 168, 11, 136, 
i4» as, XX5, 17, 387, as, 79, aS, 43, 48, 36, 363, 38, 14s, 209, 44, 15X1 46> 4S» 
55, 48, 305; materials used in construction (gabions, fascines, stone, etc), 3, 46, 
113-1x5, 194, 195, 4» 3*. 6, 27, 102, 277, 299, II, 139, 14, 59f 3x6» 15, 63, 66, 69, 
a43» 16, 52, 17, a86, 18, 138, 19, 1x9, a4, 86, 88, a8, 49, 63, 178, 30, 374, 31. 
a49f 34, 30, 401, 35, X48, 355, 36, xoo^ xoa, 38, 90, 169, 179, 49t 39, S^i S9, 
X25; mil. posts should be built near miss., 48, 177; should be built to check Mor., 
330; cost of erection slight, 6, X83; aided by fines, 7, xxo, 50, 195, 198; e xpenses 
of, aa, 146, 38, X56, 46, 37, 47, x3o; may be supported by cootribotioat levied 
on Fil. and mestizos, 48, 26x; natives support^ 38, 156; streng th ened and xe- 
paired, 4, xx, 16, 306, 17, 376, 39X, 399, 30(s a3, 94, 35, a7S» 38, 138, 44> «a9f 
X5X, X52, X65, 47, XX9, 50, xo, 50^ 55, 69, 51, «», 37; «P«» orged, 37; abandon- 
ment advised, 18, x6, X53, X53, a4, 326; abandoned, dismantled, and neglected, 
II, 237, 18, 43, 43, 19, ao5, 3X0^ M, 69, 93, ««, xoo^ a9, $0^ 35, M9» 3^ a^ 
39, Si, 41, 3XX, 3x3, 44, X5, X33, X33, 50, 9x; friars complain of abandonment 
of, 44, X22, X23; might be necessary to raze, 5a, 95. Conceded to Port, i, 138; 
Port in Span, demarcation, 4, 62; granted to conquistadors, a, 53; at trading 
posts, 59. 

Miscellaneous mendons, 4, 90^ xx6, 7, 13, 55, 57, 8, 368, 10, 164, li, 38x, 14, 
x8, 84, M, X3, ^5, 68, a7, X4X, a9, 374, 34, 9^ 41, a94» 46, 43» 55, 5«, 49, asob 
50, 80, 85, 259, 5a, 55. Native, in Phil., 3, 77, 7^, Sx, 83, 84, 94, X05, xo6, 143- 
X46, X49, 150^ X59, x8x, 395, 396, 4, »53, 9, a84-a«6, 10, 54, 56, 60^ 67, 330, la. 
77, 15, 4«, 49, 98, ^th Hh »65, 16, 332, 20, 366, M, 307, 334, a3, 87, a4, 37. 
X63, X64, a7, 362-369, 173, 275-283, 39a, 3*3, 3*4, S4«, 35»-355, ««, a5. 43. 4^. 
4«, 49, 58-63, xa4-x3a, 164, 34, a76, 37, 184, 41, a84, a9o, a9«, 307, 308, 3*1, 43, 
X67, x68, X74, 49, 39, 50, 83, 85; Span., in Manila, i, 4a, 4, "• X3, 33, 34, 37, 
38, 79, xx6, 5, 8x, 6, X02, x83, 399-30X, 7, IX, 58-60^ 90^ 91, 98, X35, 163, 8, x6, 
238, 239, 244, 253, 9, X42, 10, xoo, 2x0^ la, X99, 14, 20X-206, 265, 367, 15, 63, 
66, 376, 16, 55, X37, X38, X4X, 246, 17, a86, 39X, 399, 300^ 19, X93, 3x<^ 358, 386, 
ao, X53, ai, X29, m, xox, 150^ 330^ 336, 337, ^3, 1x4, «4, 45. ««. «S, »H. »79, 
380^ 322, 328, 2S, 4«, «6, 48, 154, 3oa, 304, 333, 338, 357, a7, 37. A 334. ^9, a»S. 
^55, 30, 34, 34, 30, 34, 35, 3*6, 40X, 40*, 4o6, 407, 439*449, 35, 15, »76, x86, 
x88, X89, 237, 328, 353, 255, 36, ao2, 303, 206, 343, 37, 9, a7, 34, 53, «3, X5«, 
300, 30X, 38, 47, 55, 238, 39, 135, »40, »«*. 44, X5». «84, x«9, ^9h 47, 9X-95. 
X53, 48, X65, X70, X9X-X93, 3x8, 22x, 233, 49. X05, 50, xo, 5a, xo8 (see also 
Manila: Defenses); Span, in Cavite, 6, 29, 30X, 9, X3, 75, xx8, xx9, 17, X4, xoo^ 
X04-106, X50, 205. 206. 276, 277, 18, 52, ao, 35, 36, X53, 224, 229, 330^ ^^, 67, 
^3, 36, 94, «4, x68, 279, 280^ 334, as, ^t, 242, a6, X40, X54, 204, 207, 257, 386, 
307, 37, 43, a9, 55. 225, 227, 35, 253-256, 260, 36, x6. 37, «3, 4«, 178, 44, 
X29, 47, XOX-X04, X06, 48, 2x7, 2x8, 222-224, 49, 14, X5, 46. 47, 53, 6x, 83, x88, 
X89, 50, 50, 62, 69, 85, 204, 51, 37, «95, 5a, 95; Span, in Zamboanga, 17, 285, 
a5, 88, X05, x86, a6, 195, 303, 227, 258, 259, 285, a7, 3x7, 357, 393, 297, 398, 3x6, 
325, 326, 338. 349, 350, 356, 357. «8, 63, a9, 29, 36, 43, 48, 97, xoo^ xx8-x2x, 126, 
X3X, X4X, X43, X45, 148, X52, X53, X58, x6x, X63, 200, 234, 36, 57, 59, X02, X05, 
X96, 22X, 37, 13, x68, 169, 220^ 38, 108, X33, X4X, 39, 207, 293, 294, 296-298, 303, 



Military] index 587 

Sii, sxa, sai, 44, iSh X5», x6a, 165, 46, 34. 37-40, 51. "7-«JH» ia«. x»7. a47f 49. 
I95. «0, 244; other Span^ in Phil, a, 157, 158, aay, 247, 254, 264, 292, 302, 303, 
306, 3ii-3>4> 3axi 3*31 3, "91 194. 4. ". x6, 32, 33, 70^ »67. ^69, 270^ 275. 5, X97» 
6, 183, 184, 7, 37, 38, 43, 164, 165, 8, not 287, 9, 74, 282, 297. 10, 46, 47. 49. 
57, 74. Mo^ II, 139, 237, IJ, 43, i80b 14. 284, 293, 294, 297-299, 15, 92, too, 242, 
243. 16. 56, 147-X49. 273. i«. 78. 19. X45. ao5, 220, ao, 153, 280^ 282, 284, 291, 
a94, »95, 297. «i. x^a. 2x4-2x6, 2x9, 235, 238, 253, 282, 294, 298-300^ 309. 3x6. 
aa, 240^ 24X, aa, x6x, 244, 248, 260^ 294, J4» xs, 86, 88, 1x5, X75, X76, 279, 280^ 
««. 4X. X53, a6, X95, 203, 227, 258, 259, 309, 37, X27, 128, 133. 257. »66. 2^7. a7X. 
273. 29^ 32X, 357. ««. 62, X48, X78, 39, 36, 38, 39, 97, X25, X43, 144, X47, X52- 
X54, X64, x6s, 200^ 226, 275, 304, 34, 2X, 239-24X, 3S4. 4o8, 38, xx, 48, 66, 69, 70^ 
77, 80^ 8x, 89, 90^ 95, 96, X02, X05, X08-XX3, xx6, x88, 227, 36, 56, 57. X32, X96, 
22X, 37, x6o, 247, 248, 38, 22, X06, X24, X4X, X48, X65, x66, X92, 209, 227-229, 233, 
238, 39, X43, 282, 297, 41, 29, X2X, 240^ 283, 293, 296, 297, 306, 3xx-3x6y 42, 273, 

43. 34. 4X. 74. 75. X39, X40, X42, 286, 44. 60, 6z, 68-70^ X23, xsx, X62, 46, 34, 40, 

44, 48, 47, XX3-XX8, X20^ XS3, 228, 297, 48, 85, X33, X63-X65, X75, 2x7, 2x8, 222, 
49. 30^ 40^ 77~79» M. x86, 194, 90, 34, 222, 223; in Moluccas (European and 
native), i, 235, 236, 268, a, 246, 4, x6, X34, 226, 229, 6, X5, 27, 62, 64, 70, 7X, 275, 
276, 7, X37, 10, xo, 48, 60, 6x, 22X, 14, 6x, xx3, XX4, xx8, X74, X75, 15, 56, 57, 
6x, 68-7X, 282-284, 322-326, 16, X3, 53-56, 59, 239, 242-244. 252, 285, 289, 30X, 
304, 306, 308, 3x1-3x6, 17, X5, 138, X39, X46, X49, 18, xo, X5, 2X, 42-44. 54. 90. 
X09, X35, X37, X38, X42, X43, X46, X52, 254-256, 19, 60, 2x4, 2x5, 288, ao, X07, 
XXX, M, 4x, 69. 70^ 74, 93, xox, X50^ X7X, X74, x8x, 232-234, 237, 238, 24X, 263, 
264, 304, 33, XX4, J4, 2x8, 279-28X, 302, 330-332, 25, 4X, 5X, a6, 69, 70^ X54, X95, 
202-204, 223-228, 258, 259, 270^ 3x0^ J7, xo, 40^ 4X, 43, 50^ 5x, 99, X04, X05, X28, 
X29, X4X, 3x2, 3x3, 39, 24, 30, 37, 39, 44. 31, a49-25x, 34, 22x, 35, X52, 306, 
36, 68, 70^ 73, X04, X05, 22X, 38, X4X, 48, 2x3; in Formosa (European), 9, 307, 
aj, X3, x8, 75, 96-99, xox, X42, x8x, 200, 2x4, 236, 3x8, 314, 25, X53, 277, 279. 
280^ 32X, 326, as, 4X, X69, X54, X95, 204, 228, 258, 259, 309, 37, X07, X27-X29, 
X33, X4X, 3x2, J9, 30, 30, 34, 32, 13, X56, X57, X83, 322, 35, xj, X36-X50, 
x6o, x6x, 36, 254-257; in other E. India Is. (European and natiyes), 4, x69» 
X72, X98-20X, 207, 2x4, 7, 54, 14, XX4, X75, 15, 269, 306, 3XX, 325, l^, 49, 5^, 
253, 3x4, 18, X5, X07-XXX, X37, X38, X42, X43, X45, X46, 19, 27, JO, sx, aa, x6, 
97, X7X, 2x5, aa. 33, 27, 92, 95, 9^, X04-X09, 34, 2x0^ 35, X83, 38. 248, 26x, 4a, 
125, 50, 45; at Malaca, 15, 269, 16, 206, a7, X05; European, in India, 16, 225, 
17, 266, 48, 288, 289; Port Arthur, 18, 207; Dalny, 207; in Mozambique, 15, 
327; Chin., 3, 225-227, 247, 4, 36, 37, 39, 48, 57, 6, X04, X05, X07-X09, XX9, x2o, 
X24, X98, la, 183, 14, X22, 16, 33, 34, 37, 18, 208, 209, 2XX, 19, 47, a9, 238, 
31, X87 (see also, Chinese); Jap., 5, X93, X96; Cambodian, 9, X75, X76, 31, 
XX ; Eng. in Orient, 18, X42, 38, 264, 268, 39, 32, 92, XX7, 42, X53, 48, 289, 49, 
X74, 3x9, 50, 44; Dutch, 19, 59, 263, a7, 92, 95, 30, 39, 4a, 243 (see also above. 
Moluccas, Formosa, and India) ; Danish, a4, 220, 48, 265 ; in America and W. 
Indies, i, 99, X07, 3, 302, m, 33, 35, a3, 6x, a9, xxa, 3xx, 30, 54, 37, 287, 42, 
2x3, 238, 48, 335. Presidios, 15, 57, 9^, 97, X3X-X33, X9X, X92, X94, ^o, xxo, ^^, 
263, aSf 26, 233, a4, 2x5, 2x8, 224, 322, 326, a6, 307-309. 28, 94, 98, xoo, X57, 
X7X, a9, 55, 274, 32, X73, 35, 43, 93, xoo^ X54, 254, 36, 50, 60, 6x, 97, xoo, xo2- 
X05, XX5, X75, X78, x8o^ 37, 99, X84, 252, 280^ 41, 25, X55, X84, 239, 248-250^ 43, 
62, 47, 69, 70, 295, 327 (see also above, Sold. - garrisons) ; entrenchments, breast-, 
and earthworks, 9, 284, 285, 30, 274, 31, 98, 35, 255; intrenching tools, 49, 
51; palisades and stockades (often of stakes), a, 254, 3, 94, 97, 4, 32, 45, So, 



588 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

Military Affairs and Allhd Mattbrs (continued) — 

"5. «o. 47. «7» ays, a«» 4^ 43» 4«. ^9. a34. ^49, 3l» x«8, 34. S«5, 3«» 6x» 95. 
104, 14a, 176, ass, 38, 90, 91, 12a, las, 14s, 146, i9«. «99. 43. 37. 4^1 terrepleini, 
4, 43, ^8, 4a; cavalien, 4, 80^ iis, 116, 7, do^ 91, las, 15, 66, 18, 138, aj, 14a, 
33, 94. 327. 32S, 38, 253. 47. i>3; ramparti and bulwarki, 4, iis, 116, 16, 
»38, 3a, IS7, 35, aS3. 36, aa4; bastions, 16, S4. 55. X7, 103, JO, 47, aj, 97, 
47, 91-94. 133, 48, aaz, aas; mantelets, 16, 39; ravelin, 137, 27, 270; traverse, 16, 
X38; gariia {garo)^ 38, 4a, 48; towers, 6a, 36, 193; retirada, 35, 141; guard- 
house, 44, 188, 189; castles, 9. axi, 10, 77, j6, a86, 4a. i7h 44. «3. 47. 9«, 
98-100, 231 ; moats and ditches, 3, 144, 181, 7, 58, j8, 43, 48, J9, 236, 47, 95. 
Garrisons (see above soldiers). See also Officers and offidali. 

ff^ars: origin in Visajran legend, 8, 141; customs, i, 329, 8, xsit 163, 9, 23; 
divinities invoked for, 8, 133, 149. European methods unfitted for PhiL, i, 53; 
Span, method, 8, aaa; gov. should understand, i, 33; justifiable and unjusti- 
fiable, and considerations thereof, i, 136, 3, 119, axx, 3, 234, 8, 26, 8, 14, 13, 
199-233, 10, 170^ 14, 47, 18, 161, 33, X56-158, 49> a8; legal acts of, 8, axi-axs; 
laws of, 49, 323, 323, 327, 331 ; councils, 4, 42, 9, 13, 122 (see also Councils) ; 
Mahometans teach science of, 6, 199; adverse results of, 3. 56, 58, 39, 72, 9, 
77, 289, 16, 192, 17, ao, 249, ao, 208, j8, 101, xoa, J9. 190. ao8, 35. "7. 196, 
36, 43, 41, Z97; benefit to community, 8, 214; Increase riches, 14,* 6x; money, 
sinews of, 8, 396; expenses, 24, 198, 199, 201, 202, 219, 29, 28, 172, 47, 267, 
268, 278, 279; spoils of, 219, 28 (see also, Booty; and Ransoms; and above. 
Soldiers) ; supplies, 3, 282 (see also above, Ammunition) ; captives, 286 (see also 
Captives) ; colonists and Fil. exempt from, 7, 135. Allowed on infidels, i, 136; 
will not subdue Fil., 3, 39; Span, warcry, 100; nadves aid Span, in, 16, 165 
(see also Fil.: relations widi Span.) ; Dom. aid In, 48, Z5X« 

Enumerations, etc -many in Orient, 8, 199; intertribal and civil in Phil., 
I. 73, a, «45, »". Mh 3. 54. 55. 89, 5, "7. Hh x«x. 6, 37, 38, 145. i«5. lO, 
71, 12, 19, 20, 218, 219, 14. 54. 307, 15. 96. 1S«. x^. XX3. "9. »!. ao3, 209, a3, 
165, 30, 193. *76-a78, 283, 295, 31, Ht 205, 240^ 265, 3a, 113, 34. ^^ ^h »«4. 
a9a, 377. 37, 99, a49, 38, 156, 39. a3. 36, 40, 82, 83, 93, 113, 117. 159. ^7h 304. 
3x3, 348, 41, 127, 140^ 14a, 29a, 43, 41. 44. X4». 46, 44-48. 47. »9X (iee also 
the various peoples and tribes); intertribal in Moluccas, 18. 4a, 347; between 
Dapitans and Tematans, 40, X13; in Filipino plays, I, 8z; obligations of tima- 
guas in, 3, 154; Visayans eager for, 16, X13; Lutaos wage through greed, 40, 
17Z. Betw. Span, and natives of Phil., a, 213, 3, 105, 143, 136, 234, 263, 4, 
102, 6, 57, 58, 10, 170, 15, 190, aa, 295, 296, 33, 156-158. ^7, 356, ^9, 28, 
158, 172, 191, 31, 341, 34, as. a'5, a«9, *34. a76, a77, a87-a89, 409, 38. 4». 9*- 
"3. 37, ", 60, 6x, 135, 150, 291, 38, 266, 267, 40, xi8, X28, 129, 137, 41. t*Hf 
X12, X54, 135, 43, 81, 46, 339, 363, 47, 43, ^^t M7, 48, x6x (see also the various 
peoples and tribes; Expeditions; and Insurrections); Phil, suffer from many, 13, 
231, 14, 140, 19, 69, 20, 2x, 44, 73, X39, X4X, X42, X4S, M, X73, 2xx, a8, 333, 
39, 208, 38, 139, 43, XX 7. China prepared for and threatens, 3, 247, 13, 290, 
291; Chin, wars, 7, 120, 14, X4, 13, 83, 84, 138-140, 16, 29X, 18, 2x0^ 2x2, 33, 
23, 307, 34, 300, 36, 17, 222, 223, 229, 37. 149, 261, 81. 159 ("ec «'» Chin. II, 
Insurrections) ; Jap., 6, 305, 8, 260, 9, 23, 32, 44, 46, 14, 14, 15, 125, 198, 16, 
291, 18, 42, 207, 33, 64, 63, 33, 88 (see also Japan; and Jap.) ; Korean, 9, 44, 
15, 125, 198, 33, 88; Siamese and Cambodian, 9, 164, 202, 15, 83, 84, 136, 138- 
X40, X42, 145-156, i88-x9o^ 245, 277, 39, 38, 31. 89, 176; betw. Span, and king 
of Champan, 15, x6x. Granada (against Moors), 8, 222; Fel. IV embarrassed by, 



Military] INDEX 589 

37» 68; Spain luffert from, 217; Span, civil, 51, 58, 53, 100^ aia; Savoy and 
Piedmont, 33, 77; Napoleonic^ in Spain, 53, 3a; African, 52, saa European 
reflected in Far East, 18, 6a; betw. Span, and Port, 3, 46, 70^ 124-116, 6, 60, 

43, X51 (tee alio Port, and Span.) ; betw. Span, and Dutch, 4, 13a, 18, 263, 30, 

30, 35. X3» «a8» i55t 36, 5*. x^S. 37, 73, »77f 44, a9« (■«« •!«> Dutch) ; Span, 
fnmiah Dutch with money for, 47, 267, a68, 278, 279; betw. Span, and Eng., 
16, 137, 34, 37, 40, asi, 44, 298, 47, ^$h ^36, 48, 274, 49, 44, 45, 83, "o, 
309, 312, 50, 12, 50^ 70, 51, 27, 253, 83, 55, 97 (lee also British; and Manila) ; 
betw. Span, and French, 53, 211; betw. Port and natives, 16, 225, 229; betw. 
Port and Dutch, 35, 181; betw. Dutch and natives, 33, 303, 37, xo8, 38, xoi, 
202, 38, 70; betw. Eng. and French, 49, 52, 47, 239, 49, 70; opium (Eng.- 
Chin.), 51, 259; Civil (U. S.), 43, xa8; Span.-Amer. (2898), i, 20, 83, 229, 
33^, 53, 13, 5« ; Russo-Jap. (2904), 18, 42, 207. 

Battles - method of conducting naval, 3, 96; fought by reputation, 8, 296; 
▼ictories in, attributed to divine influence, 39, 272; not feared in Phil., 83, 8a 
Betw. Span, and Borneans, 4, 225, 226, x6o^ 262, 272, 275, 285; betw. Span, and 
Joloans, 229, 15, 342-243, 39, 44, 37, X67, 268, 41, 385, 46, 39, 44; Span, with 
Jap. pirates, 5, 292-194; betw. Span, and Dutch, 11, 24, 249-266, 276-280^ 293- 
195, X98, 306, 15^ 35, 40, a23, 225-237, 306, 16, 65, 37, 102-204, 30, 37, 35, ax 5, 
229 (see ^Iso enumeration of battles following) ; betw. Span, and Cambodians, 
18, 242, 16, 266; betw. Span, and Laos, 15, 255; betw. Port and Span., 282; 
betw. Span, and Eng., 292, 293, 45, 32 (see also Brit; and Manila: Defenses); 
betw. Span, and Chin., 16, 293 (see also Chin.) ; betw. Span, and Mor., 37, 
203; Magalhies's, at Matan, 33, 177-183; betw. Port and Mor., 6, 58, 59; 
betw. Port and Javanese, 37, 202; betw. Port and Dutch, 202; betw. Pampan- 
gos and Chin., 36, 239; betw. Negritos and FiL, 51, 82; naval, 3, 96, 4, 260^ 
262, 275, 187, 5, X93-X94, II, X4, X44-X66, 176-280, 293-295, 298, 306, 15, 35, 
40V 182, 223, 225-237, 292-293, 306, 16, 65, 37, 20X-204, 30, 37, 35, ax 5, aa9, 
45, 32 (see also enumeration of battles following), enumeration (name and 
location) -Selado, 3, 302; Manila (1574), 6, 98-xoo (see also Manila: Defenses) ; 
Sekigahara (Japan; x6oo), I3, 78, 15, 299, 31, 273; Buquil Riv. (Mindanao; 
«59^), 15, 97, 98; Arcvalo (Panay; 2599), 294, 295; J0I6 (2602, 1638, 1648, 
2732), 242-243, 39, 44, 37, 267, 268, 46, 39, 44; Jabanapatan (India), 15, 268; 
Playa Honda (Luz6n; 26x0, 2627), 15, 330, 17, 226-224, 37, 295; Tondo 
(Luz6n; 2603), 16, 37, 38; Dilao (Luz6n; 2603), 40; Batangas (Luz6n; 2603), 
42; Talangame (Ternate), 239; Mindanao Riv. (2596), 273, 274; Ayacucho 
(Peru; 1824), '7, 303; Lcpanto (2571), 33, 34, 34, 25, *9^\ Arinverque, 33, 39; 
Aldoncel, 39; Alinguin, 39; Canete (Peru), 37, 203; Punta de Flechas (San 
Sebastian, Mindanao; 2636), 37, 2x5, 2x9-225, 287, 3x9, 320, 39, X3, xzo; Lamitan 
(Mindanao; X637), 37, 263, 351, 39, 29, 260; Ilihan (Mindanao; 2637), 37, 273- 
282, 352-355; Socol Hill (Luz6n; X639), 39, 205, 224, 225; San Pedro (Luz6n; 
X639), 2x2-214; Calamba (Luz6n; X639), 2x2-2x5; Santa Cruz (Luz6n; 1639, 
2662), 226-229, 38, 204; Bocaue (Luz6n; 2640), 39, 23X-235; Tamar (Luz6n; 
2640), 242-244; Udore (x6o6), 31, 249-252; Lake Lanao (Mindanao; X640), 
3B, 208-2x3; Mariveles (Luz6n; 2646), 23X-233, 248, 249; Marinduque (X646), 
239-242; Mindoro (1646), 242-243; Calavite (Mindoro; 2646), 246, 247; Cavite 
(Luz6n; 2647), 256-262, 36, 24; Abucay (Luz6n; 2647), 35, 163-266; Samal 
(Luz6n; 1647), 264, 268; Linio (Mindanao; X65X), 36, X3x; Fort Tai-wan (For- 
mosa; 2663), 254-257; Fort Zamboanga (Mindanao; 2648, 2720), 37, 268, 269, 

44, 262-266; LQtzen (1632), 37, 275, 276; Palapag (Simar; 2650), 38, 220- 



590 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Military 

Military Affaim and Allhd Mattbm (oootioned) — 

113, 119, lao, 124-127; LiDgayte (Lus6o; 1661), tjo, 171; SabaidlU (Min- 
danao), 40, 178; Sibugucy (Mindanao), 180; Moralet (1823), 249; Pinmg 
(J0I6; Z639), 41, 286; Vigo (Spain), 44, 298; Libungang (Mindanao; 1734)* 
46, 43; Tuboc (Mindanao; 1734), 43; Tmytwj (Paragua; 1730^ 1735), 44, 48. 
Blockades and lieget, 3, Wth 43» 45-49» 70» Ih 114-xx^ X4»» ^7. 9© (•«« •^ 
Manila: Defenses); ambuscades, a, 200^ 302, 314, 3» 5S> «^7i »^3» 4, 33> 43» 44f 
256, 262, 264, 8, 286, 9» a83. a97» xo, 170^ II, 155, 35i a^ 43> "5. xi6, 183, 
296, 49, 292, 01, 82; truce and flags of truce, 3, 202, 3, 89, 4, 156-160^ aoi, 
209, 212, 214, 245, 247, 254, 26X, 2^, II, 150^ ^7, 263, 272, 330, J9» 153. «^ 
31, XX5. 34, «H. 35» 143, X44. a66, 267, 36, 256, 4X» X43. 49i x6, 17, 68, 89, 
90, 116, 117, 127, 164, 165, x68, 172, 204, 205, 207, 212, 312, s^; conqueiia, 1, 
»9» 33f 36-38» ^9» 7©, 123, 3, "^ «8, 19, 22, 58, 119, X4X-X72, 188, 315, 8, 239, 
8, 76, 9, 9, aoi 39, a99-3X4f %^% 10, 42, M, 190, 319, 48, 175, a«5 («« *l>o Ex- 
peditions) ; spoils, 16, 56, 247, 262, 274, 17, I5f 98, xa7, X4«i 155, X93f »X9t «S3, 
236, 39, 6x. 

Millin, Tomis: acts as ale-may^ 49, 161. 

MilUn de Poblete, Jos^ (Joseph, sec priest, nephew of Abp. Millan de P^ snd 
bp. of N. Segovia, 1671-74) : arrives at Manila, 37, 175, x88, 43, x2o; completes 
cathedral of Manila, 38, X09; lacks money to pay for his bulls, 38, 73; dedi- 
cates cathedral of Manila, 4a, 132; relation by, 37, 175-177; aketdi, xys* 

MilUn de Poblete, Dr. Miguel (sec priest, abp. of Manila, X648-67): pretentied 
(X648), 51, 304; conjures storm, 37, X90; arrives at Manila, xx, xox, 163, 175, x88, 
38, X7; his public entry, 37, X9x; admin, blessings^ X93, 38, x8; partidpatea in 
bldg. of cathedral, 38, xo8, X09, 37, 203; unable to dedicate it, 43, X32; rela- 
tions with rel., a8, X45, 41, 236, 43, 253, 44, xoo; refuses to ordain Port, priests, 
36, XX, 65, 66 \ negotiations rdg. visitation, 37, X5, X93-X97, 200; re m oves remains 
of Montero, 51, 304; death, 37i X8, X36, 38, 73, 91, to6\ aketdi, 37, 13^x38, 
x88, 51, 304, 305; his successor, 45, X99; his nephew, 43, x2o; letters by, 36, 
xo, XX, 48, 63-67, 307. 

Mills: hand, 13, 50; com, 43, 302, 303; saw, 48, 297; sugar, 53, XX3; paper, 
3x7. See also Factories. 

Milongo. See Binondo. 

Mimbela, Jaime (Ja3rme), OP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 85; joins in remooitraDoe 
against Camacho, 43, 64, xx2. 

Mina (encomienda in Phil.) : assigned to crown, 3, 305. 

Mina, Frandsco de la, O.P.: life and labors, 30, 236, 259, 260^ 27a 

Minacaya (encomienda near Cavite) : assigned to crown, 8, 89. 

Minahasa (prov. in Celebes) : locadon, 33, X46. 

Minaio, Francisco, O.P.: sketch, 33, 4X-45. 

Minalabag (Minalagua, Minalambang, vill. and encom. in Camarines): pop. 

(xs8a), 5, 95; Fr«n- »n, ^o, X22, 38, X54, x68, 38, 3x3. 
Minalampara (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, 33, 244. 
Minalana (vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, in, 35, 285. 
Minalava (encomienda): status (X59X), 8, xx8. 
Minalin (Min&lin, Minatin - misprint, vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, 34, 77, X59, 35, 

X52, 38, X3X, X65, 37, x8^, ^37, ^54, 38, X4X. 
Minangona (encom.) : assigned to crown, 3, 305. 
Minayo (Minaio), Francisco de, O.P.: life and labors, 17, 93, 94, x62, 33, 9, 4X-45. 



Mines] INDEX 591 

Minchaca, Christoral Asqueta. See Asqueta Minchaca. 

Mindanao (Magindanao» prov. and yilL in Mindanao) : location, 4, 383, 39> 26, 
43f 4^, 4«; deacribed, 4, 263, 46, 47, 48; pop. (1579), 4> a8a; two languages 
oaed in, 39, 38; flood in, 6a; burned, 10, 55, 46, 45; products, 3, 73; food 
scarce in, 4, 253; religion, 178, 7, 48; mosque burned, 4, 178; chiefs and sul- 
tans, 389-391, 44, 70, 165, 46, 47, 48; makes cession to Eng., 48; Span, in, 4, 
263, 266, 367, 369, 370^ 373-378, 383, 385-390^ 10, 57; history, 46, 46-48. See 
also PhiL Is.: Mindanao. 

Mindoro (vill. of Mindoro [g.v.] under Phil. Is.) : location, 3, 77, 270^ capital of 
Mindoro, 77; described, 78, 5, zxi; assigned to crown, 34, 310; Span, in, 3, 78, 
83, 6, 130; Aug. in, 30a See also Puerto Galera. 

Minduc, Dalo (Mindanao chief): his yill. captured, 10, 54. 

Mindum, Dato (Mindanao chief) : his vill., 10, 73. See caption above. 

Mines, Mining, Mbtals, and Minerals — 

Mimes: in Spain, 3, 343; in Africa, i, zoi; in Amer., a, 48, 85, 3, 136, azo, 
343, 14, 306, 19, 341, 343, ao, 130, ^7, 153, i$4, 173, 173, J9» 34t 47, *7^, 4S» 
335 ; in PhiL, a, 336, 341, 343, 3» ai-a3, 7^ 74f ^^h 168-173, z8o^ 19a, X95f ao3, 
azo^ 318, 333, 334, 343, 355, 365, 367, 373, 383, 397, 305, 4, 88f 13a. 178. »33. 
»«4» «. 43. 5X. 53. 6h 65. 75. 81. 9*. 95, 99. xo7. ax*. »x8. ^f ^9. 7^. aoa, 28z, 30Z, 
«, 73. 9. xoo, la, 300^ 14, 9, 33, 33, 390, 397, 398, 3«>-30^. 3X3. 8x4, 3x8, 320, 
16, Z01-Z03, Z06, zzo^ ZZ3, Z87, 18, 94, 95, 296, 19, X5, z8, Z9, 3z6, 35Z-355, 38o» 
a83, JO, zo, zz, 3z, 33, 154, 258, 363-303, aa, 70^ 83, Z38, a3, 379, a7, 79, a«, 
S9. 9X. 297. 31, a6z, 3a, Z99, 34, aa, 334, 335, 330^ 363, 284, 399, 38*. 386, 35, 
300^ 30Z, 36, 193, 195, aoi, 363, 37. 348, a49, 38, 44. 4*. 39. a*. 87, 98. 41, 
24, 3Z3, 343, 44, a85, 48. aa5. 47, «55. »56, 48, z6s, z88, 373. 300^ 5©, 48, X62, 
i8a^ z8z, 51, 25, Z43, 238, 339, 342, 5^, 3x7. 3x8; in Japan, 3. ao4, ^ ^8, 15, 
202, 16, Z83, Z84, 17, ^37, 18, Z95, 340, M, 88, 3a, 3x; in China, 4, 54, 6, 23. 
197, 2z8, 224, 34, X39; in Lao, 15, Z43; in Formosa, 32, 185, 35, X3, X47-X49, 
152, 154; placers, a, 97, 4, 178, 5, 43, 5X. 6z, 65, 11, 95, 16, zzo, zz3, Z87, ao, 
287, a8, Z92, 31, a6z, 3^, X99, 34. »a4. aa5, 36, Z93, 37. a49. 44. »85, 51, 78. 
Mining: source of wealth in Phil., 6, 223, 19, Z4; Villanueva understands, 9, 
87; skilled assayers in N. Espana, ao, 30Z; effects in W. Indies, 19, 252; placer, 
ahortens life, 51, 78; effect of Chin, trade on, a7, 202; should be in private 
hands, 51, Z9; mines, sought and explored, 3, Z7Z, 4, ZZ7, ao, 2z, 23, 262-303; 
mining advised and promoted, 3, 283, 18, Z58, 19, Z24, 48, z88, 285, 300, 50, 
z6, 48, 51, 242, 243, 5a, 353; opened and worked, 5, ^89, 18, 296, 19, X5, ao, 
276, 285, 286, 289, 29Z, 295, 296, 37, 249, 250; Span, do not work mines, 
16, Z65; methods of mining, a, 202, 14, 23, ao, 28Z, 285, 286, 293, a7, Z53; 
reduction of ores, ao, 286-294; reports of assa3rs, 295-302; smelting less costly 
than quicksilver process, ay, Z53; increased cost of, Z54; cost of mining, high, 35, 
30Z; mines, abandoned and neglected, ao, 22, 30Z, 302, 48, 273; royal dues on 
products of, a, Z58; mining by natives, hindered by official exaction, 5, Z9z; 
officials of, 202, 203, 7, ZZ5, 11, 7z; judges may not invest in, 5, 286; laws rdg., 
cited, 14, 3z8. 

Metals and minerals: abundant, 4, 54, 6, 224, 15, 37, 4Z, 18, 238, ai, 3Z2, 
a4, Z7z; undeveloped in Luz6n, 3, 223; few in Philippines, 35, Z76, 300; 
needed in Phil., 10, 84; colon, should try to discover, 34, 25Z; no, in Palaos Is., 
41, 52; decrease in supply of precious, ay, Z53, Z54, 48, 335; influx of precious, 
into Spain, 4a, 235; official smelter for precious, 5, 275; waste in assajring. 



592 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mincs 

Mines, Mining, Metals, and Minerals (oontiiiued) — 

saved, s, 55; assayed, 30, aa, a^ a86-30o; mineral testa in N. Espafia, ^^ 70; 
method of weighing, 18, 141; relative yiM of precious, from ores, 37, 153; 
native workers of, ao, 58, 35, 301, 43, 370 (see also^ Artisans) ; taken to Manilat 
I, 68; sent to Mex., 4, 88; sent to Spain, 45, 71; nj. dues on, a, 51, 156, 157; 
precious, in treas., 5, »95; «•««• 7. SSi 5^. i6» 99, xa8. 30, a83, 43f »9«; col- 
lected, 7, 55, 10, 173, II, ia8; in trade and barter, 3, aa9, 4, 99, 6, 370^ 19, 
191, 19a, 13, a79, 15, 16a, 16, 179, aos, 33, X53, 34, 399, 35, 17^, 47, 95, 4*, «7S, 
a78, a85, a86 ; alloys, i, a88, 3, 8x, 89, a43, 4, la, 99, xoo^ aso^ 17, a37, 18, asa, 
19, ao6, 319, ao, X09, 47, 187, 3x0^ 50, x8o; mineralogical collection in Manila 
Normal, 46, 185; for all above, see also^ all parts of following sobdivision; Arti- 
sans; and Fil.: occupations and industries. 

Metals, metallic substances, and mnerals, names — 

Alum, thief detected by, 40, 343. 

Antimony, assay shows, ao, a89; teeth dyed with, 43, x6a. 

Arsenic, realgar (red sulphuret of Aa.), 3, MS' 

Borax, in trade, 47, a7x. 

Brass, found in Lao, 15, 143; gold alloyed with, 4, 99; various articles made 
from, 15, 149, 16, 107, a9, a87, 33, X5«, ««, 3*, a^s, 40, 176, i«», 43, aSi, 
a9o-a9a, 300, 301 ; in trade, 3, ^45, a99, 19, 31a 

Bronze, esteemed in Borneo^ 33, aa7; alloyed with gold, 47, 310; various ar- 
ticles made from, a, 35, 4, 53, 7, 54, 39, aso^ 33, aai, aas, 38, 7^ aaS, 970^ 3^ 
a6, 37, 41, 37, ao3, 01, 167; stored in royal magaaine, 4, 76; in trade and bar- 
ter, 6, 150, 7, 89, ^8, 61, M, 94, a4, ais, 33, aa7, »^5. 

Cinnabar, see below, Mercury. 

Coal, mines and deposits, 3a, 31, 45, aas, sa, 66, 67, ai4, 317; ezploitatioo at- 
tempted, ax4. 

Copper, mines, a, 85, 3, 136, 4, $4. ^, »9, X97, ««», Soi, 14, SOS, x», «4S, i^ 
10a, 19, 180, 34, 139, 38, 301, 41, Hf Ha, 47, ^SSf »56, 48, 300^ 50, 4S, i^b 81, 
X43, 143, 5a, 3x7, 318; "white," described, 48, a75; remnants of copper age in 
Phil., 16, 105; assay and smelting, 6, 301, 7, 56, 38, 301; expensive to work, 7, 
56; used in alloy, i, a88, 4, 99, 19, ao6, 47, 3x0; various uses, a, 116, 7, 88, 10, 
100, 16, 179, a7, 95, 34, 185, 38t 301, 40, 68, 43, a37, *90, a9i, 49, 63, 80, 180^ 
51, 143; coins, 4, S3, 19, Sxx, 8I, 86, a38; in trade, 3, 7^ MSf *99t ^, »5o^ «», 
ao4, a86, 9, 4a, 14, a59, 15, 303, 16, 179, aa8, a36, 18, 58, 61, 19, 3x4, a4, a86, 
a6, 288, a7, 80^ 39, 136, 36, aoa, 45, 71; various other mentions^ 3, xoa, 134, 

136, 143, 4. 54, 7, 56. «, a69, a?©, 9, 31. 33, Z4h 34, 160, 48, 300, 49. ^Sh 81, M^ 
Gold, Gold Coast, i, xox, 104; mines, placers, and various localities found in, 
I, xox, 265, 324, 328, a, 35, 4a, 69, 7^ xaa, »a6, "8, X53, «7a, x86, X87, aoa, aa7, 
236, 24X, 242, 3, x6, ax-23, 56, 7a, 74, i6x, x68-x7a, x80i 192, X95, ao3, «xo, "8, 
223, 224, 243, 265, 273, 283, a97, 4, x», 54, ^5, 88, 99, X32, X78, 233, a83, a84, 8, 
43. 51, 53, 6i, 65, 7X, 75, 8x, 91, 95, 99, xox, X07, 6, 70, X46, X97, 2x8, 28x, 7, 38, 
8, 73, 9, 41, xoo, 10, 69, II, 95, »«, 83*97, 300, 14, 9, X7, »*, 23, «86, 290, a97, 
a98, 300-306, 3x3, 3x4, 320, 15, 4X, 47, X43, 295, 30a, 16, XOX-X03, xo6, xxo^ XX3, 
X14, X87, 18, 94, 95, xoo, X05, X07, X08, X62, 306, 19, x8, X9, X59, 2x6, 25x-a55, 
a8o, 282, ao, xo, xx, 2x, 22, 57, X54, 258, 262-303, aa, xs, 70, 83, x28, a3, a79, 
«5, 50, ^7, 79, 8x, 89, 96, a8, ^84, a9, 80, 31. a6x, 3a, X85, X99, 33, xax, 133, 
187, 203, 205, 243, 263, 323, 325, 326, 330^ 349, 359, 34, 19, aa, xa«, 2x6, aa4, aa5, 
a30, 263, 284, 299, 38a, 386, 389, 35, X3, X47-X49, X52, X54, 300, 319, 36, 98, X93, 
X95, 20X, 37, 248, H9f 38, 44, 48, X76, 269, 39, ", 49, 5°, 87, 98, xoo^ XX9, 41, 



Mines] INDEX 593 

24, 21a, 242, 277, 4J, 183, 2x8, 44, a85i 47f »55, 48i Mi x^S. 49, 3»» SS. 34, 37- 

39, SO, 48, 64, 179, 180, 181, 51, as, 143, a38, ^39; classes and quality,* J, 97, 223, 
225, 229, 231, 3, 224, 308, 4. 99-xoi, 115, 8, 223, 227, 7, X05-109, 14, a95, 303, 

305, 16, 107, 19, 3", 34, aSS, 39, I04» 4©, 361, 47, 3*0, 4*, 304, 49, S8, «», «*; 
assayed and method of working, 3, 243, 4, xox, 6, 47, 14, 305, 30, 22, 276, '287- 

292, 299, 300, 51, 140; Span, fail to find, 3, 192; Span, explore, 243, 41, 242; 
Span, work, 14, 300, 50, z8o; unprofitable for Span., 35, 300; in alloy, i, 288, 
3, 81, 89, 243, 4, 12, 99, 100, 8, 250^ 19, 3x9, 47, 310, 50, 180; standard of wt. 
in, etc., 3, 139, «77, a9«, 3©, 3x6, 40, $61, 47, i8a, x86, 187; value, 3, a47, H*, 
267, 269, 298, 4, 99, xoo, 7, XX3, la, 46, 37, 43, 47, Sto; taxes and duties on, 
a, 51, 55, 3, 226, 278, 4, 87, 88, xoo, xo8, X22, 5, X43, X55, 179, 6, 47, X73, 8, 305, 

306, 10, 94, 98, II, 94, 267, 14, 3x8, 16, 190, 19, 249, 50, X03, X96, 207; no duty 
on, la, 94, 50, 179, 180; proposed duty on, 51, 233; various uses, a, 1x5, X26, 
139, '40, X72, 3, 56, 98, 166, X83, 199, 205, 224, 267, 269, 4, X62, 275, 5, 226, 6, 
150, 7, 67, 190, 9, 27, 36, X63, 204, 10, 78, X33, X34, 144, la, 186, 246, 247, 265, 
272, 273, 303, 13, 156, 159, 14, 285, 15, 238, 16, 76-78, 81, 101, X04, X07, 1x2, 
"3, 133, «52, X78, 263, 18, xoo, 19, 62, 65, 3XX, ao, 270, ai, 139, 207, 208, aa, 
5o» 5X, 53-56, 57-59. ^8, "7, X9o, ^9, 28, 286-288, 307, 30, 194, 289, 293, 
31, iSSt X83, 3a, 199, 33, X09, "3, X2I, 123, 13X, X47, 163, 207, 213, 22X, 
328, 338, 34, I2X, X39, X65, 224, 296, 387, 36, 37, 38, 42, 20X, 202, 208, 37, 
42, 49. 58, 28x, 290, 38, 90, X97, 262, 39, 5^, «, 4©, 61-63, 72, 77, 80^ 97, X35, 141, 
142, X44, 166, 167, 175, 182, 327-330, 333, 337, 4a, 2x5, 2x9, 220^ 43, 163, a9X- 

293, 44, 198, 287, 289, 292, 304, 47, 303, 48, 89, 277, 5©, 247, 305, 51, 38, 143, 
172; money, i, 224, la, 65, 16, X23, 19, 3x1, aj, 227-229, 234-237, J6, 312, 317, 
23X, 244, j8, 52, 34, a4X, 32X, 347, 38X, 399, 421, 4©, tSh 37X, 47, 129, X31, 132; 
trib. paid in, 3, 80, 8x, 89, X46, 183, 184, 265-267, 273, 308, 4, 2x8, 278, 30X, 302, 
6, 19X, 7, 38, 44, x«3, X2X, X7o^ 267, 8, 74, 250, 9, 250, 287, 10, 99, II, 30* 14, 
285, 290^ 313, 16, xox, X58, aj, 26X, a8, 89, 182, 34, 258, 259, 277, 287, 30X, 379; 
fines paid in, 7, 105, iii, X77, x8o» 10, 80, 300, il, 30* 45, 46, 52-56, 59, 19, 8x, 

40, x66 (see also Penalties) ; other pa3rm'ts in (ransoms, bribes, etc), i, 50, 4, 
x66, X83, 291, 7, "3, I©, 241, 13, 56, l^, "8, X85, 323, 324, Jl, 223, J3, 33, ^5, 
228, 27, 230, 316, j8, 86, 3©, x82, 246, 3x1, 3a, 44, 34, 385, 38, 178, 39, 60, 
4©, 83, 85, 97, 353, 356-358, 372, 47, 246, 297, 302-305, 310, 3«8, 48, X32; as 
presents, 4, X05, 241, 272, 275, 6, X17, 7, x8x, la, X65, 15, 58, 127, 33* 115, 34, 
22, 262, 263, 38, 262, 39, 56; captured, 4, 24, 149, 171, 9, 42, 11, 149, 14, X35, 
199, 200, 15. 142, 193, 266, 293, 16, xox, 19, 2x7, aj, 208, J7, 222, 34, 392, 38, 
X78, 198, 42, 177; in trade and barter, a, 92, 1x7, 118, 123, X26, 187, 207, 209, 
2x0, 223, 229, 236, 238, 300, 3, 22, 33, 57, 98, x8o, 195, 2x3, 224, 226, 247, 298, 

^Regarding "gold de TipuKque," an expression used frequently in this series, 
vje take the following from Bancroffs Mexico, ii, p, 7: "Another measure to r/- 
lieve the financial strait was to lower the standard of gold by three carats, so as 
to counteract the rapacity of the traders; but the latter raised their prices even 
more than enough to cover the difference, and the soldiers remained the losers. 
This gold, knovtm as Tepuzque, the naUve name for copper, fell more and more 
into discredit as unprincipled persons added to the alloy, and some years later it 
nuas withdrawn from circulation in payment of certain dues and fines. The name 
of tepuzque lingered in the vocabulary, however, and was applied also to per^ 
sons and things having a false gloss. In Guanajuato silver of inferior standard 
is still called pitLttL de tepuzcos. 



594 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mines 

Mines, Mining, Metals, and Minerals (oondiuied) — 

4, 24, 58, 101, 108, 115, 287, 5, SI, 105, 210^ 6, as, 95» «50t M7f ^h «^ a70i 
27a, aSOk a8a, 311, 7, S$, 53. $4. x^S, «, 84, 88, 90* 10, 75, 84, il, 50^ «^. »«. 
65, 14, 301, 3o», S05. 3«S» i«. to» 30s. 16, xoa, 177, 178, x8a, 184, 186, aa8, 996, 
17. 33. X46. 18. 58, 175. 19. 252. 307. 3XOi 3«3. 3«8, 3x9. ^. ««. *««. 258. 
279. «3. 193. "94. »79. as. 49. ^7. X9«. ^9. 78. 307, 3x0. 33. xo7. X3X. X53. 34. 
19, ao, X87, aox, ax6, 224, 233, 38. 129, 37. 43. 44. HS* M4. 39. 3X. 54* 57. ^. 
107, 112, 118, 40, 360^ 44. 267, 287, 300, S02, 45. 39, 7X. 4*. S03, S04. 49. 5«. 
50, 64, Z56, 2x4, 51, 82, 8s, 133, 234; varioui other mendoni, i, 70^ 99, xo8, 257, 
308, 332, a, 17a, 173, x86, 224, 3. ax, 41, 57, 58, 103, 154, iSSt x66, 205, 255, 267, 
270. 277, »78. a86. 307. 4, 53. 54. «7. 84. 88. 9X, 98-xoi, 108, 109, ass, a35. Hh 
a75, a87, a88, 8. 43, 5X, 83, 91, 191, aas, aa7, 6, a7. 140, 163, 174, 270, 289, 7, 14, 
53, lox, I2X, X75, 176, 226, 8, 20^ 250^ 285, 288, $10, 9, 34, 36, 65, 290^ lO, 42, 76, 
X79, 2x2, 2x4, II, 94, X52, 267, 268, la, X4, 83, 94, 103, XS3, x88, 270^ 274, 13, 
287, 14. 3XX, 15, 273. 274, 16, 78, 101, xos, X59, 190^ 18, x6, 6x, too, X57-X59. 
X62, 19, X4X, XS9. X60, 203, ao, 21, 57, X93, 238, M, ix, 70^ J3, 266, a9, 28x, 
290, 30, 304. 3X2, 3a, XX9, 33, 335. 34. X7, X97, a57, 3x8, 38X, 386, 37. 249, 
250, 38, X96, 39. 63. 40, 85, 47, 244. 48, X32, 50, i6x, X93, 229; tee alto 
Aitisant. 

Guanins, diioovery and compoaitioii, I, 288. 

Iron and iteel, mines, and localidca found in, a, xi6| 3, a4S, 303, 6, 170^ 197, 
15, X43, ai, 3xa, J7, 93, 36, 262, 47. 255, 256, 48, 285, 50, 48, 92, 107, 108, ixx, 
x8o, 51, X43, X9X, 242; quality, 4, 74, 18, X76, 51, X43, X9x; pi& 51, 233; cast, 
X43. 233; wrought, J, xx6, X90, 3, X34, X36, 45. 70, «i. 8x; worked, 3. 205, a9, 
250, 290, 39, X02, 01, X9x; Chin, teach working of, 23 x; instruction in mfre. of, 
urged, 8a, 67; works (foundries, etc.), 47, xo6, 256, 49, 283, 50^ 180^ 01, 143, 
X9x; no works in Phil., 4a, 302; money lost in, 50, xxx; uses, a, 223, 3, '3 5. X36, 
273, 4, 78. x68, 234, 6, 302, 7, 54, 59, 60, X04, X05, 8, 257, II, x^ la, 95, 243, 
13, 9^. i^ 78. X43, X79, 19, 200, 28x, aa, 203, a9, 250, 32, x86, 290^ 33. x8x, 
2XX, 22X, 34, X87, 297, 446, 35, X76, 244, 270^ 36, 52, 249, 40, 48, 5X, X82, 41, 
52, 43. 273, 44, X52, 45, 23X, 46, 268, 48, 285, 30X, 51, X28; in trade and bar- 
ter, a, xx6, X4a, 206, 238, 3, 7^. a45. 270^ 276, 299, 4, xo, 58, 74, 78, XX7, 6, X4X, 
X50, 206, 286, 287, 8, 85, 90, 10, 23X, 13, 227, 14, xx6, 229, 257, 15, 294, 303, 

305, 16, 20X, 236, 18, X7, X75, X76, 19, X59, 3x5, aa, 94, a3, 30. 53. X38, X4X, X93, 
286, a9, 32, 62, 306, 307, 3x0, 33, X53, 34. X25, 3x8, 35, xsx, x82, 36, 202, 37. 
xox, 39. 57, ^2, 66, 72, 74, xoo, X04, X09, 44, X52, 48, 70, 7X. 50, X07, xo8, 2x4, 
81, 8x, 257, 258, 8^. 75; various other mendons, a, 35, 86, xxx, X39, X90, X94, X98, 
X99, 223, 3. X02, X34, X35-X37, X44, x6o, X93, 4, 75, 6, X39, X40, 8, 269, 270, 10, 
49, 84, II, X64, 15, 259, 30X, 17, xxx, 18, X20, ao, 285, ai, 3x2, aa, X4x, 204, 
205, a9, x68, X7X, 250^ 30, 3x6, 33. 43. 59. 6x, 205, 227, 300, 34. x6o, 35. X83, 
36, 249, 37. X77. 39. X08, X09, XX2, 40, X78, 41. 5*. 44, 57. 47. 247, 48, 285, 
286, 50, X08, 81. X26, X43, 242. 

Kaolin, mines, 3a, 3X. 

Lead, where found, 4, 54, 77, ^7, 93, 47. 255, 48, 300, 3©^; bar, 3, X39; sheet, 
X39, 4. 23; white, 19, 308, 3x4; red, 47, 274; uses, 3, X22, X35, 4, 23, 18, X76, 
ao, 286, 287, 293, 296, ^^, 196, a7, 93, 34, 339, 37, 203; in trade and barter, 
3, 299, 9, 5x, 10, 23X, 14, 259, 16, 44, X79, 297, 19, 308, 309, 3x7, ««, X93. ^4, 
286, 34> X87, 190, 36, 202, 39, 62, 66, 40, 48, 47, 257; various other mendons, a, 
X89, 3, X35, X39, 4, 23, 77, 95, xx6, 220, 8, 270^ 10, 49, 14, 3x8, ao, 292, 48, 300. 

306, 81, X44. 



Mines] INDEX 595 

Lime, difficult to obtain, 36, 244; ditcovered, 6, 398, la, z%$; how obtained, 
7, 2aS» J3» a8a, 33, 35^, 41, 5«; «■«■» 4» aa^i 7» 191, I4, X75, i^ 98. 99» a9f 
300, 30, 315, 31, 34, 34, 65, 35, 13^, 138, 43, 15a, 47, 9«; in trade and as bal- 
last, 7, 229, 14, 59, X74f «4, 79; M oflPering, 43, ^37; carbonate, 47, ^74; k>ln», 
aa, X59, 37, ao3, 44, "4, 

Litharge, meaning of term, ao, 29a; use, 292, 293. 

Magistral, meaning of term, 30, 2S9; use, 289, 291. 

Mercury (quicksilver), mines, and localities found in, 4, 54, 6, 197, 14, 318; 
sublimated, i, 332; cinnabar, 33t 227, 263, 47, 274, Si, 144; red oxide of, 47, 
274; uses, 6, 70^ 17, 237, 19, 241, 242, ao, 287, 291, 317, 80, 33, 2*7; in trade 
and barter, 3, 245, 6, 16, 68, 150, 8, 244, 15, 303, 16, 228, 236, 17, 20, 146, 149, 
a37, 18, 156, 19, 341, 308, 3Xo» 314, 33, 193, «7, 80, 33, 2*7, 263, 36, 202, 37, 

256, 39, 51, 48, 286, 51, 32, 282; various other mentions, 8, 17, 244, 18, 141, 
ao, 287-293, 299, 300. 33, aa7, 34, 160, 48, 70, 7^- 

Realgar, identified, 3, 245 ; in trade, 245. 

Salt, where produced, 5, 53, 73, 77, J7, 80, 93, 35, 261, 36, 201, 43, 270; ■prings, 
39» X47; method of evaporation, 43, 270; works, 46, 39, 44; uses, 7, 105, I3, 33, 
'4, 305, ^o, 287, 289, 290^ 46, 50; in trade and barter, 5, X2z, 19, 159, ai, 309, 
^9, 295, 33, 227, 37, 243, 39, X47, 4^, 258, 43, 299, 302, 45, 79, «i, «6, 288; 
Tarioos other mentions, 3, 86, 190^ 9, 281, 10, 67, 14, 130, ai, 313, 33, 106, 34, 
183, 38, 64, 40, 65, 43, 73, 47, xio^ 4^, 134- 

Saltpeter (saltpetre, salt petr^), where found and produced, 3, 19Z, 4, 168, 6, 
302, 9, S«, 48, 286, 49, 39; uses, 3, X32, 133, 10, 165; in trade, 6, 150, 202, 204, 
10, 231, 13, 158, 192, 14, 256, 257, 15, X62, 16, 44, 179, 297, 19, 205, 33, 
S<^ 5a, 34, 286, 39, 307, 34, 399, 47, 95, 5i, 192; various other mentions, 3, 189, 
3, 132, 139, 6, 302, 8, 270, 10, 84. 

Silica, found in water, 19, 282. 

Silver, mines, and localities found in, 3, 204, 2x0, 243, 4, 54, 6, 23, 68, 197, 
ai8, 270, 14, x86, 226, 229, 231, 305, 306, 15, 41, 143, 202, 16, 102, 183, 184, 17, 
237, 18, >95, 340, 19, 241, 242, 30, 130, 286, 293, 296, 33, 88, 34, 292, 37, 172, 
X73, 3a, 185, 34, 139, 47, 278, 51, 238; method of working, 14, 305, 19, 241, 
242, 286, 293, 296, 299, 300; quality, 19, 316; in alloy, I, 288, 4, 99, 17. 237, 310; 
standard of wt. for, 3, 139, 177, 298; value, 3, 187, 209, 3, 298, 14, 2x4, 37, x22; 
royal prerogative, 4, 122; taxes and duties on, 3, 5X, 55, 3, 278, 13, 264, 14, 3x8, 
17, 3X, ^4, 307, ^8, 248, 47, 282, 50, X03, X05, 51, 233; supply of, aflPects prices, 

48, 235, 239; medium of exchange, 37, 93, 94, X49, 30, 72; money, i, 224, 3. 
177, 6, 218, 14, 102, 15, 305, 17, 137, 18, 340, 34X, 19, 3XX, ", xoo, 171, 172, 
187, x88, 287, 288, 37, 231, 34, 347, 356, 4x9, 42, 302, 46, 40, 51, 239; trib. paid 
in, 3, 308, 33, 261, 38, 181, 34, 379; other paym'ts (services, bribes, etc.)i made 
in, 9, 290, 14, 229, 19, 45, 3x3, 36, X40, 290, 38, 249, 44, X26, 47, 282, 3x0; fines 
paid in, 39, 279, 44, X87, 47, 282, 3x0; as presents and rewards, 4, 48, X05, 15, 
276, 18, 72, 217, 33, 2ox; other uses, 3, 140, X95, 6* X22, 9, 204, 11, X97, I3, 
222, 248, 15, 134, 306, 16, X52, 17, 60, 18, 34X, 19, X48, 307, 33, 55-59, 6x, 33, 
235, 284, 295, ^8, "7, x66, 24X, 39, 307i 30, 232, 31, X22, 271, 3^, 27, xx8, 34, 

257, 36, 37, 42, 202, 208, 2X4, 37, 204, 28x, 38, 90, xx6, X97, 263, 39, 5^, 68, 40, 
X76, 230, 42, 2x5, 43, X52, 290-292, 298, 300, 44, XX2, xx8, 289, 292, 304, 45, X73, 

49, 206, 50, 247, 267, 305, 51, 38; drained from Span, possessions, 10, X79, 11, 
268, I4» 2x4-2x6, 2x9, 16, X76, X87, 226, 300, 17, 9, X9, 18, 58-60, 64, X94, X95, 
19, 239-242, 30, X5, X30, X32, 33, X72, 27X, 278, 28X, 282, 284, 33, X5, 5o» X93. 
^7, ^ X48-X50, 205, 2x0, 30t 6x, 78, 79, 44, 257, 280, 284, 302, 47, 18, 261, 266, 



596 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mincs 

Mines, Mining, Mbtals, and Minbkals (oontiiiued) — 

278, 48, aia, 325, 49, la, 27 (see alto Chinete) ; captured and ttolen, 4, 24, 9, 
42, II, 149, 14, 135, IB, 142, 17, 106, 127, 131, M, 95, 133, 13S, 316, a9, 9S, 
35* 268, 38, 178, 198, 43, 177; in trade and barter, i, 62, 66, a, 191, 194, 3, 98, 
2x2, 226, 298, 4, 58» 6, X69, 245, 262, 269, 280b 282, II, 15s, IJ, 67, 192, 13, 266, 

14, 232, 15, 234, 303» 16, 47. x8a» i84i aa8» I7f ", 19, x68, 225, 237, 239, 3xa» 
313, 318, ao, 28, 32, 35, 6a, 100, X44, 193, J4, 286, 307, SXXf «^» XS7» *88f «7f 
95, X48, 149. a8, 199, J9, 39, 70. 7X, 7«» 8a. «". »97. 307, 310, 31, 5^. X35. 34, 
19, 2x6, 233, 35. 15a. m8» 37» 264, 40, 3to, s^". 4h 34, 4^, 149. "S*. ao6, 44, 
300, 49, 27, 51, X54, 238, 239, 257, 259 (we also above, drained from Span, 
possessions) ; various other mentions, i, 70, 3, X4X, 3, 41, 205, 2x2, 278, 4, 53, 
65. 9>i 9*1 6, 140, 289, 7, 226, 8, 285, 9, 34, 36, la, x66, 13, 287, 14, x68, 2x6, 

15, 240^ 17, IX, 4^ 47. "5. i8» 5«. «^a. ^i. 59. ^S*. «». xa9. «H. ao7. «X4. a49. 
316, J3, 95. 96, xa». X94. ax9. ^4. X54. ^5. 77. 79. ^h ^S. 86, a6, 104, a7, X48, 
X59, x6i, 319, 8x, 208, 297, 30. 49. 55. 5^. ^ ^x. 7*. 80b 31. 120, xai, 135, 3a, 
199, 35, x8, 52. 133, X56, 250, 38, 64, X96, 41, 36, 43, X5>. 250^ 3XX. 43. a7S, 44. 
X44, X5X, 232, 233, 45. 7X. 46, 56, 47. x8, 257, 26x, 267, 268, 279, 48. X45. S»5. 
49. X2, X96, 20X, 209, 22X, 25X, 345, 50, x6x, 51, X43, X47, 239, 03, X47. 

Sulphur, where found, a, xx2, 200, 4, x68, 6, 29, 202, 33, 209, a8, 91, 38, 30X, 
47, 255, 48, 305. 49. 33. 39, «x, X44; water, J8, 147, x68; rock, 19. 3x5; in 
trade and barter, a, 207, 15, 303, I9. 3x5. ^3, ^9. 35. X48, X52, 47. a57. 5©. 65; 
various other mentions, a, X89, 3, 133, 139, 43, 30X. 
TesmiqttitaU, meaning of term, ao, 293 ; use, 293. 

Tin, where found, a, xx6, 4, 54. 15. X43, a7, 93, 50, 48, 51. X44; •*««. 3. X39, 
45, 70; in alloy, 4, 99; quality, 19, 3x5; uses, 6, xso^ 40, 176; in trade and bar- 
ter, a, xx6, X42, 207, 238, 3. 345, 299. ^, »<». ao*. 10, 23X, 14, 259. i^. X79. S09» 
33, 94. X93, a6, 288, 34. X9<^ 36, 202, 45, 70; various other mentioiia, 3, X34. 
X36, X39. 
Tombac (tumbaga), described, 47, X87. 
Tufa (tuffs), in Phil^ ao, 268; described, 268. 

Vermilion, uses, 34. 3x9. 37, a57; » trade, 16, 228, 19, Sxo^ 3x4. 43, X49. 
Vitriol (verdigris), found in Phil., ai, 3x2. See also Artisans. 
Ming (Chin. d}masty) : rulers, 3, 228. 

Min61o (vill. in Mindoro) : location and name, 39, 84, 41, X59, 235; Rec in, 177, 238. 
Minondo (Minondoc, Minondog, suburb of Manila, error for Binondo, g.v.) : loca- 
tion, 16, 196; earthquake in, 35, 224; L. Perez Dasmarinas resides in, la, 143, 31, 
xx8; Chin, rebellion in, 14, XX9; Chin. Chris, in, X22, X34, 16, 196, 30, 226, 3^9 
85; Brit, unable to occupy, 49, 88; church, a7, 38, 30, 226, 31, X07, 35, 324; Bar- 
bones (Dom.), surrender, a9, 25, 26. 
Minquil (Moro) : enslaves Tagacaolos, 43, 242. 
Mintun (Moro dato) : aids Span., 41, 304; his vill., 304, 306. 
Minuluan (vill, in Negros prov.) : pop. (1878), a8, 321; Rec in, 32X. 
Mino de Guzman, Gabriel (Span, officer) : his commands, 35, 229, 230, 245. 
Mirabago (encom.) : status (1591), 8, X15. 
Mirabel Cedefio, Alf. Juan de: collects pay checks, a6, 179, X93. 
Mirafuentes, Capt. Andres de: arrives at Manila, 4a, 226. 

Miralles de Imperial, Clemente (director of C. G. deT.de F.) : thanked, i, X7; col- 
lects Philippina, 53, 33, 34* 
Miranda, Antonio de, SJ.: works in hosp., 44, 49; death, 49, 50. 
Miranda, Baltasar de (sec. priest) : acts as witness, 4, 195, 208, 209, 2x4. 



Missionaries] INDEX 597 

Miranda, Criit6bal (Cristobal) de, O.S^: life and labors, a^, 71, 159, 35, 157, 

a8, 25, 40. 
Miranda, Capt. Diego de (Port officer) : envoy to India, 19, 206; death, 29, 3a 
Miranda, Francisco de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43t 69. 
Miranda, Juan de (sec. priest): ao, 83. (See Miranda Salazar). 
Miranda, Juan Vazquez de. See Vazquez de Miranda. 
Miranda, Maria de (Span, encomendera) : death, 7, laa 
Miranda, Tomas de, O.S.F.: acts as witness, 10, 287. 
Miranda, Capt. Toribio (Torivio) de (Span, officer) : his mil. service in Mindanao, 

9, 296, 297, 10, 41, 42, 215, 221, 225, II, i35-i39» 15, 94i i<^. aya; commands 

Tuy exped., 14, 22, 292-298, 304, 320; ill, 298. 
Miranda Enriquez, Diego de (Port nobleman, same as Diego Miranda?) : trades at 

Manila, 29, 62. 
Miranda Enriquez (Enrriquez), Capt Francisco de (Port, official) : commands ezped., 

I7> 253i >^^; sailors desert^ 271. 
Miranda Salazar, Juan de (sec priest) : posts held by, and sketch, ao, 83, as, 308, 

S09, 3«5. 3x6- 
Mirandaola (Myrandaola), Andr^ (Andres) de (Span, official) : nephew of Ur- 

daneta, a, 124; app. factor, 89, 34, 200; favors asked for, a, 103; petitions in- 
crease of salary, 3, 43, 34, 18, 206 ; explorations by, a, 147, 186, 34, 202 ; opposes 
violence by sold., a, 210; carries message to Pereira, 3, 114, X15; his enoomienda, 
305, 309; debt owed to, 3x0^ 3x1 ; official acts, a, XX3, X77, x8x, x88, 256-258, 272,283, 
2S4» 3171 3>6> 3t 305i 306, 309; arrested and sent to N. Espafia, 24, 56, 2x0^ 278, 
28X, 34, 26, 269, 302; killed, 206. Letters by, a, X23, X24, 3, 2X, 33-43, 223-229, 

3x5-3x7. 34. aoo-206, 2x4-222; cited. 3. 37. 55-5«. ^ ^x« 

Mirando, Juan Henriquez. See Henriquez Mirando. 

Mirhome Bongsu (Bornean chief) : succeeds to throne, 43. X73* 

Misa (Miranda?), Capt Torivio de: in Mindanao campaign, 9, 296. 

Misamis (dist in Mindanao): location, ai, X5, a8, 341; natives of, 40, X03, X23, 
43, 24X, 289; products, 33, 357, 43, 224; fort in, 49, X3, 41; Chin, deported to, 
51, 70; subject to Cebii see, a8, 261, 274; curacies in (1850), 274; Rec. in, ai, 
X5, 23X-236, a8, 342, 344, 346-348; Jes. in, 43, 2x2; no. of schools in, 46, xoi. 

Misi (vill. in Panay) : Aug. admin., 38, 2x7. 

Misilo (vill. in Luz6n) : chief of, makes deposition, 5, 189; chiefs of, parties in trial, 
7, 96; see also 5a, 330 (errata). 

Missas (Misas; or San Agustin), Antonio de las (Rec.): leads Zambal archers, a9, 
253; slain, 41, X2x, 318; his father, X2X« 

Missas, Francisco de las (factor) : member of Manila Cab., Ii, 250; hostile to 
Morga, 253, 254, 309, 3x0; official acts, la, 3X, 35, 13, 229, 47, 34. 

Missas (Misas), Juan de las, S.J. (brother of Antonio): martyred, ^^^ 132, as, 93, 
a8, 87. a9, 99, 41. 318; sketch, a8, 87. 

Missionaries (see also Missions: Ecclesiastical estate; and the various orders) — 
in general: their share in conquest, i, 4X, 84, a8, 23X, 235, 3x4, 41, x6x, 236, 
51, XX2; no. in Phil., i, 37, 39, 40, 7, 29, 30^ 39, ai, 268, 44. X49. 45. ^. «»9. 
X27, 46, 283, 47, X43i 51, 3«7; mor* needed, a, X55-X58, 3. a4» ^5, 6, X46, X48, 
S2X, 7. 3X, 272, 276, 8, 55, 9, 59i 6x, 27X, 16, X50, 19, 20, ai, 264, aa, 92, X46, 
a4, X67, 227, 278, a7, 303, 304, a8, 238, 31, 36, X58, 36, U, 41, 183; qualifica- 
tions and training, 5, xo> 24, 9, 59. «». 50^ Sh 84. »«. 43. «4, aa7. 264-267, a8, 
a9a. 359, 30, X49, X7X, 36, 58, ^83, 51, 63; traits, etc, I, 4X, 49, ai, 30X, 3x2, 
31, x66, 199, 3a, 86, 34, 3x8, 335, 38, 118, 40, X36, 44, x>4» x^^ 4^, 78, 1x9, 



598 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Missionaries 

MiauoN ARIES (continued) — 

5a, 280, a8i ; apptmta^ 14, aar, 335, Ji, loi, aa, as-as (roy- patronage), a9» 
191, 36, i8z, 50» 130; inttructioniy nilet, etc^ for, 3, z66, 1(7, 6, 78, 7% 196. 8, 
56, 14, 107, "o, 236, 2371 M. S3, as, 67, 69, 7X, 74, 75, a6x-a65, 30, s«9t 3i. 
a43» JM4, 43, 103-112, 44, "3, 45» iM* 4^, a75. SO, 239; scope and methods of 
their work, in both spiritual and material aspects, I, 38, 39, 42, 44, 8, 31, aS, 231, 
30, 120, 240^ 241, 315, 3I» 133> HSt <46> ^91, 3^, S^, 3S> 3x0-314, 36, 142, 38, 
103, 41, asSi 43, 224, 44, 7^, S7-89, 44, 106, 112, 49, 293, 46, 284, a95. 48» 70, 
75, 77, 79, 105, 122; hardships, dangers, martsrrdom, ett^ 14, 24, 25, 89-92, 97, 
105, xio, Jl, 115. 203, JJ, 296, 33, 9«, 9h «4, x«, IM, «4^ «49t 170* ^^ «65- 
268, aS, 302, 30. 121, 162, 190-192, 212, 215, H^ 31, 3Sf 4^ «43f «45. 'S^, 169, 
174, 226, 3a, 51, 266, 271, 35, 15. X79, 36, 14, 177-180^ 2X9, 267, 268, 37, a3o^ 
241, 38, X03, 104, 41, 14X, 142, X5», 1S5. »^x» 4«, x»6, 176, ais, 43» 65, 44» So, 
33, 40, 46, 47, 66, 80-87 (subject to dementia, 85)9 46, 274, 283, 48, X03, 1x7, 124- 
X28, X32, 133, X49, X50, 163, 164, X67, X73, X76; relations with natives, i, X9, ao, 
40, 41, ao, 244, j8, 94, 30, 262, 31, 374, »75, 38» 7S, 79, 38, 9S. i»S, 4©, xai, 
X22, 262, 263, 43, 43-46, 284, 44, 88, 89, 46, 93, 49, 133, «0, 234, 238, 51, xao, 
292, 293, 5a, 250; their native helpers, 16, 153, 29, 48, 31, 266, 3a, X35 {domad^), 
36, Z09, zzo, 50, 236; expenses and support (mainly paid by crown), 14, 8x, 82 
(transp.), 94, 95, xoo^ 26x, 333, 334, as, 95, aS, 67, 70, 238, 260^ 3a, X65, 255, 
36, X4X, X53, X54, 37, ao7, 4a, 32, 44f 7^ 47» x*^ X43-X45 (o*^ oi escorts, and 
transp. of supplies; item.), X56, 283, 48, 77, 273 (clothing), 50, So^ 94, 95, X39, 
X44, 158, 154, 234; mil. protection for, 8, 235, 6, xsx, 31, aax, 44t xa*, 47t I4S- 
145, 48, 176, 177, 50, 97; relations with sec authorities, a8, 296, 297, 4a, 137, 
«38, 49, «33, "34, SO, X39, 237, 249, 260, 51, aS9. B^, »^; visitation of, ai, 55, 
aa, S3, 36, 173, x8x; privileges, a6, X23, a8, 68-7x, 30, x8o^ 50, 237; in New 
World, I, xox, XIO, 6, 78, a4, 53, 54, 37, 207, 2x0^ 2xx, 4a, X9X, 43, 88; in Cali- 
fornia, aS, a35 ; in China, 6, 85, X97, 208, 7, ^tS'^t^f 9, "St X49, «4t *4^ ^ 
»38, 37, 74f 125, 2S6, 4^ ^Sh X9S, 294; in Japan, 6, 305, 14, 1x8-239, 15, 254, 
ai, 85, M, 46, a4, 24, 264-267, 3a, 34, 49-5X, 140, X63, 3S, 119, 4', X97, 4^. 
X75; various mention, 8, 235, 9, 79, x2o, X2X, la, 235, 14, 96, 97, 16, 3x6, aa, 
67, a3, 253, a4, 69, 70^ 8o» xxo, 25X, 298 (Jap. name for), as, 2x7, a6, x2o^ aS, 
"8, 313, 334, ^9, 3«, X3«, 160, 273, 30, 1x7, X84, 241, 246, 31, 44, X9«. 207, 257, 
35, 278, 38, X04, 40, 263, 4a, X9X, 43, 292, 44, 47, 66, 75, 46, 283, 285, 47, 209, 
49, 247, 50, X54, X58, X78, 2x9, 235, 51, Sa, 83, 306. 

The orders separately — 

Sec. priests, a4, 46 (see under Missions). 

Augustinian - their work and miss'y character, 3, 279, 6, X26, 143, X46, 8, 43, 
97-X08, xx6, X33, X40, 207, 2x7, 9, 95-98, xo»-xo6, xo8, xxx, 14, 34, a3, x8x, 202, 
267, 288, a6, X26, 34, 42X, 37, X65, i66f X78, X85, x86; various mention (chiefly 
of arrivals at Manila), 4, 3x6, 5, 241, 6, X26, 8, 53, 58 (estates allowed them by 
their order), 2x7, 9, 95, xxx, 13, X23, 15, 255, 18, 53, a3, X29, X90, X9X, 20X, 202, 
225, 226, 249, a4, 47, 49, 52, 58, 63, 69, 71, 76,'9X-93, 120-X23, X28-X31, X47.149, 
^5, X58, 34, 327, 416, 42X, 35, xx8, 37, 152, x6o, X63, X64, 207-2x0, 2x7, 222, 226, 
230, 23X, 238, 255-258, 278, 38, 98, 4^, 129, X46, X75, X88-X9X, 202, 229, 230, 238, 
24X, 295-300. 309, 3xo> 43,^69, 44, 85 (insanity among), 47, i43-i45 (no. and 
stipends), X48, X5a 

Dominican - character, austerity, and qualifications, 14, 89, 30, xx6, XX9, X46- 
x6x, X85, 208, 235, 239, 244, 245, 283, 299, 3x8, 31, 25, 35, 38, 39, «34, x68, X69, 
174, X93, X94, 220, 224, 227, 257, 3a, 28, 29, 89-92, X22, 285, 286, 289; hardships. 



Missions] INDEX 599 

dangtn, etc, 30, 117, isa, 129, 165-167, 183, 184, aio^ 250^ $0$, 306, s'Ob Bi, ISS- 
138, 210, 39, 115, 4a, 245; oonyenions, and other achievements by, 34, 277, 30, 
165, 178, 185, i86, 190, 198-aoq, ai3, ai5, aai-226, 338, 242, 289, 307, 309, 310, 
313. 31, a3-a9i 38, 107, X37. »39-H3. «55t «56» 200, 203, 204, 209, 2x0, 216, 217, 
260, 273, 285, 286, 297, 3a» 3Xi 4a» 77-8Xi 85, 87, 94, x6o^ 17a, 175, 198, aoo-acH, 
ao9, 229, 233-239, a45, 272, 37i 99. 39, xa3» xa4, 43, 37, 3*, 64, 65, 75, 76, 84; 
various mention (chiefly of arrivals at Manila), 3, 276, 6, 321, 7, 72, 234, 8, 56 
(estates allowed to miss's), la, 1x8, 14, 24, 8x-xzi, 330-336, 18, 278, 19, z8x, 
ao, 92, 93, 34, 147, a73, ^5, X58, 208, 2x8, 245, 259, a6, X23, X26, 39, 25, 30, 
X7, .XX7, X19-X24, 128, X29, X55, 20X-207, 234, 235, 263, 281-285, 31, 2$, 34-37, 44, 
47, 63, 74, X07-X09, X34, X36, X37, 141, X43''X45, X50, X58, X65-X70, 172, X93-200, 
208, 224-227, 239, 252, 253, 256, 259, 263, 279, 280, 294, 295, 3a, 36, 37, 38, 5«, 
58, 59, 90, X05, X30» X4X, 146, 160^ i6x, 163, 167, 193, 2x7, 224, 246, 25X-254, a7X, 
272, 273, 275-278, 35, a6-3o, 45, 46, 160, 36, 74, 37, 65, 69, 70, 84-86, 93, 95, xx2- 
1x5, iz8, Z20-130, 135, 38, 78, 83, X89, Z90 (in Zambal revolt), 39i i22-X3o^ 41, 
91, 43, a7-3a, 69-71, 82, 85-91, 44, 56, 77- 

Franciscan, 8, 97, 100^ 104, 116-121, 124, 140^ 158, 233, 272, 9, 104, 10, 205, la, 
118, 34, 121, a8, 291. 

Jesuit -as miss's, 9, 193, 194, II, 203, 207-223, la, 119, 175, 203, 207, 219, 224, 
226, 273, 274, 283-290, 297, 298, 13, X08, X09, 188-191, aj. 295, 297, 306, as, 
297, j8, 88, 334, J9, 152, 36, 58; hardships and dangers, 11, 220, 257, IJ, 136, 
137, 222, 13, X69, 170, 176, 208, 4a, X25, 126, 216, 44, 74, 75, 49, 34, 4*. X79; 
various mention, 10, 205, J5, xo6, 107, 232, 297-300^ 36, 45, 45, 284. 

Recollect -as miss's, 13, 248, ai, 135, 141, 162, 181, 258, 271, 272, a8, 301, 
302, 340, a9, 158, 35, 59, 60, 36, 173; conversions by, 41, 173, 174, 180-183, 
1S5, 190, 193, 194; hardships and dangers, ai, 247-253, 36, 123, 139, 174, 177- 
180, 41, 117-120, 124, 125, 151, 152, 176, 190, 191, 224-231; seized by Moros, a7, 
216, 263, 287, 316, 347, a9, 118, 120^ 36, 139, 140, 180; various mention, ai, 150- 
153, 265-269, 34, 46, 35, 88. 93, 94, 36, 124, 137, 181-183, x88, 41, 75, X37-X4X, 
149-151, 203. 

Presbyterian - in Formosa, 5a, 34a 
Missionaries (Mahometan) : in Phil. Is., 4, 66, 151, 154, 178, 234, 7, 47-49, 69, 40, 42. 
MISSIONS • 

In GbNERAL: relations with sec power, 16, 154, a6, Z2z, 124, 30, 30, 44, 79 (need 
mil. support), 47, I43-X54, 4*, 75; id^ with commerce, 18, 57, 63, 44, 302, 45, 
77 (see Commerce: influence on missions); Phil. Is. as a base for Oriental, i, 
41, 6, Z94, 235, 257, 258, 298, 18, Z65, 202, 22, Z26, 23, Z34, a7, 84, zz6, a8, Z03, 
30, 27-3Z; various mention, i, 36, 9, 303, a8, 359, a9, 89, 90, zo6, 43, 59- 
In Philippine Islands — 

In general: Phil, as a miss, field, i, 48, 49, 70, 6, Z85, Z96, Z97, 16, Z53, a6, 
265, 267, 31, 2Z4, 3a, 2Z7, 253, 34, 200, 44, ZZ3, IZ4; in charge of rel. ord. 
(g.v, below; for the minor ord., see Orders, rel.), I, 14, a, 158, 8, 56, la, 117, 
14, 222, 225, 226, 16, 153, 170, 22, 84, a4, 155, 249, a8, 67, 69, 70, 74 (enum. 
of those held by reg. and sec. in each diocese, 261, 267, 274, 286, 289), 3a, 165, 

^Throughout this series, the affairs of the missions are interwoven with those 
of the ordinary ecclesiasHcal organization, as most of the missionaries were actU' 
ally parish priests, although belonging to the regular orders; accordingly, infor- 
mation on these topics must be' sought, in this index, under Ecclesiastical estate; 
Missions; Orders, religious; and the names of the several orders; also Martyrs, 



6oo THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Missions 

Missions (ooDtinued) — 

36, 150-155, 169, 185, 26s, Z669 4a, 2Sf 269 ii3» 47, 1569 5^ x^S (tonie, admin, 
by sec priests, 7, 245, la, 117, 16, 150^ a8, 230^ S31, J9, 106, 107, 36, 153, 4^ 
114, 50, 3o-3a, 4a, 43, see also Ecclesiastical estate: Curacies^ secolariaed) ; ad- 
min., I, 83, 20, 230, 231, Ji, 50^ 51, a6, 124, 126, 36, 150-152; decrees rdg. (see 
Decrees: tec, and ecc.) ; cost (mainly borne by ray. treas.), 5, 23, 14, 259-263, 
16, 154, JI, 106, 34, 269, 270» 44, 286, 47, 143-150^ 48f ia7-x»9» XS*. XS3. x63i 
164, X77. *73f 50, 79-81, 94, 97, 143, 144, 233, 234, 237, 238; ravaged by pirates, 
aj, 23, 296-298, 303, 304, as, X54, a6, 130, 39, 30^ 35> 61, 36, i77f 4i, X03-110, 
113, 114, Z80-182, 48, 51, Z63, 164; need more laborers, 34, 117, 287, ay, 
303, 36, 266, 37i X98, 255, 44, 76; active miss., 47, 143-145; doctrinas (Ind. 
curacies, most of them practically miss.), 6, 192, 18, 318, 4 J, 25, 26; visitas, 16, 
151, 17, 189-202, 209, ao, 231, 234, a3» a5x» *S^ a5, X54, a8, 129, 140^ 14a, 146, 
163, 168-171, 179, 41, 238, 46, 3»$. 47, X45, 292, 48, X36, 50, 104; miss, trans- 
ferred from one ord. to another, 33, 233, a8, 150, 151, 166, 41, 33, 163, 236, 243, 
244, 48, 67 (Rec exchange with Dom., Zambales for Mindoro^ 41, 168-176, 231- 
272; Aug. cede Ituy to Dom., 48, 75, 126, 175, 176). Miss, to negroes in and 
near Manila, J5, loi, j8, 82, 110 (sec cura), 39, 102, 3J, 53 (Dom.), 44, 37; 
to Chin, and Jap., id., jo, 233, J4, 287 (see below, under several ord.) ; to 
Negritos (Actas, Balugas, Negrillos), IJ, 261, 262, 13, 189, J4, 39, s8, 159, 160^ 

169. 311, 36, 174, 40, 304, 305, 4lf »3i 9^, 97t 43, 38» 39. ^8. X15, 243, 44, to. 
66, 102, 103, Z14, 144, 45, ^00, 48, 56, 68, 78, 93, 95, 51, 81-84. 'deductions" 
(vill. of natives, usually converts), i, 38, 39, 7, 185, 8, 124, 9, 239, II, 208, I J, 
21, 23, 13, 91, 137, 182, 193, JO, 231, 232 (difficulties and disadvantages), ai, 228, 
235, 316, J9, 270, 30, 120, 31, 287, 3a, a73i 35, 3x7. 37. a39. Ho, 41. X67, 
43, 3«. 43. to-63. 78, 80V 9*. a75. a?^. 44, X02, 47, 289-398. 3»3-33a. 4*, to, 67. 
70, 74''78, 86, 87, 92, 93, 103, 111, 119, 30, 128 (urged by Viana), 176; of 
Negritos, 13, 182, 189, j8, 169 (Fran.), 36, 174, 44, 102, 114 (both Jes.), 51, 
84. Opinions of rel. ord. on war with Zambals (1592), 8, 199-233. Catechu- 
mens supported by miss., 48, 95, 128. Various mention, i, 29, 79, 6> 46, 10, 
247, IJ, H7, 256, 14, 260, 262, 17, 189-212, 18, 314, 318, JI, 115, j8, 282, 
355-357. 36, 153. X58, 176, 267, 41, 166, 43. 80, 44, 291, 45, aoo, 48, X78, 50, 
97. X30, 156. 51, 83. 

Augustiniatu: foundation of Phil, miss., J, 161-168, 332, 3, 185, 10, 204, Ji, 
113, J3, 207, J4, 251, j8, 165; their field of labor, i, 58, 8, 96-108, 133, 137, 
IJ, 206, 207, J3, 122, J4, 124, j8, 30, 70, 130, 131, 150, 154, 158-160, 165-167, 
179, 180, 201, 209, 350, 36, 267, 37, a3o, 283, 47, 143-X45. X48, 48, 5«-58. 6^-70. 
73. 74* 77. 78, 81-83, 86-93; enumeration (often item.) of ministries,^ rel., etc, 
7. 39, «. 96-108, 115-117. X33i X37. 140, 9, 97» 102-104, 10, 181, 273, 16, 151, 17, 
189-200, JO, 229, 230, 233-235, JJ, 85, 86, J3, 242-247, j8, 357. J9, 105, 34, 380, 
39Z, 36, 210, 47, 148; souls in their charge, 17, 189-200, JO, 229, 230, 233-235. 

In various localities - in suburbs of Manila, and in see, 8, 98, 10, 204, 205, 
254, 16, 144, JO, 230, JJ, 85, 86, J3, a4a-a47. 296, J4. ^49. »50, J8, 13X, 201, 
J9, 216, 236, 36. 91, 92, 95, 4a, 25, 100, 113; to Chin, there, 5, 240, 7, 124, 131. 
222, 9, 109, IJ, 109. In Pampanga, 7, 36, 17, 193. 194, J3, 245, j8, 312, 35, 

^Here, and in follovnng sections, the ministries of each order include the cura' 
cies held by its members, since these were at the same time practically mission 
stations (see preceding note). 



Missions] INDEX 6oi 

a68, 36, 97, 38, 141, 4a, a54, 48, 56, 68; among the Zambali, 8, aoj, ai, aSo 
(succeeded by Rec.), j8, 303, 41, 127, 167, 48, 56, 68, 90-93; in Cagayin, 
Itoy, etc, ao, 234, a35, aj, 86, j8, 158, 159, 167, 30, a79, a8cH 36, 98. 37i H7f 
38, 141, 4J, a54, 47, 144, 48, 56-70, 74-78, 81-89, 93, 95, 103, 104, 1x0^111,124-136, 
175; in Ilocoi, 7, 37, 8, 44, 17, i95-»97t «3, 234. ^7^t ««. «58. 3^1 an, 38, i8a, 43> 
>39t 48, 68, 80-87, 50, 65, 51, 49; in other Luz6n dist, 7, 39, 40^ 8, xz6, J3, 
aio» a33, a8, 154, 167, ao9, 30, i6a, 180, 36, 96, 97, 48, 68, 49. a97; in Mindoro, 
7» 50. «S. 3»4» 41. 161-163, 174, 175, 236; in Visayas (Pintadoa), 17, 197-200, 
a8, a8x, 42, 2%% 48, xza-x23; in Cebu (island and see), a, 140^ 141, 7, 43, 9, 

97, 13, 7^» ao, a34, a3, 169-171, 180^ 181, a8, 150^ 166, 36, 101; in Panay, 7, 
46, IJ, 294, J3, 121, 122, 261, a8, 150, 166, 281, 340, J9, 35, 270, 36, 102, 38, 

ai6, 4«. 69. "«• 116-119; elsewhere, 7» 47. ^3, ass, ««. i54. 4i. »i3. a43. 48. 
69, 117, 118. Varioua mention, 8, 57, 33, a88, J4, 104, asif a6, 119, a8, a6, 

»5i. 357. 34, 3»8. 37. a*^. 4i. »3^. 243. 4^. a6s, 4«. 5^. 57. ^ ^7. 77. 92. "9- 
Hist, of Aug. miss. -Medina (to 1630), 23, 119-297, J4, 29-179; Diaz (1630- 
94). ^9. 259-276. 37, 149-284, 4a. X17-311; Moao (to 1763), 48, 59-«23. 

Domimcatu: their first miss, to Phil. (1587), 5, aoo^ 201, 6, 90, 147, 321, 7, 
aas, a3i, 234, 9, 149, la, 146, 207, 17, 236, 33, 230^ a8, 136, 17a, ao4, aa6, 30, 
117-iaOb 31, 63, 34, 325, 35, 46, 31, 300; their field of labor, and how occupied, 
I, 58. <^. 3»7. lo. 204, IJ, 207, 17, 89, azo-az2, 18, 305, 3a8, j8, 70, 72, a32, J9, 
106, 30, 149, i6a, a34-237, 301, 31, I33. «70. 200^ 3J, 86-94, 217, 36, 266, 267, 
37, 87. 91. «05, 1x5, 1X9, 196, a30, a86, 39, "a, 43, 76-83, 49, 337, 30. 3'; «num. 
of miss., houses, and ministers, 8, 96-104, 9, 97, ao4, 17, aio-axa, a J, 86, j8, 
140^ 159, 160, i7a-X74, «79. '80^ 204, 209, 350^ 358, J8, 172-174, ^9, 25, 47. X43. 
X47, 48, 131-136; souls in their charge, 8, 140^ 17, aio-aia, jo, 230^ JJ, 86, 48, 
136 (sie also preceding clause). 

In various localities -in Manila abprc, 17, aio» an, JO, a29, a3o» j8, 304, 
33, 53, 90, 91; to Chin, therein (in Pariin, Tondo, and Binondo), 7, 91, X30, 

131, a23, 224, 230, 23X, 237, 8, 100, 9, 10+, X09, 10. 166, 14, 109, 16, 196, JO, 
33a, JJ, 270^ J3, 230, J4, 310, 311, 324, j6, 143, 144, j8, 140^ 30, 16, 215-334, 
268, 3J, 77, 80, 85, 86, 36, 91. 92, 37. 87, 39, X77. 217, 4^, 25, 113, 351, 47, 
2x7, 30, 16a, 31, 311. In Bataan, 8, 140, 15, 84, 17, 156, an, j8, 301, J9, 35, 

30, I30-I33, 134, i6i-z8o^ 189, 314, 315, 336, 339, 340, 350-353, 359, 360, 385, 

31, 36, 64, 70, 71, 107, 133, 147-X50, 239, 341, 343, 357, 3a, 52, 59, 96. 106, 179, 
225, 34. 309, 325. 35, 26, 46, 37, 74, I39, 300, 38, 80^ 39. X78, 235, 336, 344, 41, 

132, 133, 249, 355, 260, 48, 13X, 136; in Pampanga, 7, 36, 8, 101-104, ««, X40, 
"73, «74; >n Pangasinan, J3, 233, 258, 30, 182-X90, 2x1, 3x3, 346, 31, X40, 3^, 
308-3x0, 38, X69, 303. 39, X69, X77, 178, 41. 8o^ 233, 43, 76, 77. 84, 89, 4«. X3X. 

49, 303-304; among Zambals, j8, 304, 37. X45. 39. 178, ao4, 41, 127, 134, 167,' 
43, 33, 38. 4X-55, 60-63, 65, 68, 78, 80, 92, 47, 290-298, 323-332 (controver- 
sy with Rec over, 38, 237, 238, 41, X67-X76, 23X-272) ; in IIocos, 38, 207, 

50, 65; in Cagayan (or N. Segovia), 9, X94, IJ, 207, 17, 2xx, 2x2, JO, 
330» 333-335, J3, 333, J5, 308, j8, X74, 30, 202, 356, 380, 38x, 384, 385, 30X, 
302, 309, 31, 23-39, 70, 133, 138-143, 155-158, I9X, 202-2x2, 227, 264-276, 
285-288, 29X, 3J, 36, 4X, 54-58, 6x, 74, X02, 103, X09, X30, 202-204, 272-274, 36, 

98, 37, 94, 106, X4X, 39, X78, 43, 56-68, 78-80, 83, 92, 48, X3x; in Babuyanes 
and Batanes Is., 35, 45, 37, 94, 97, xx5, 43, 57, 78-83, 4S, 13X, X36, X73-175 
(hist) ; in Central Luz6n (Ituy, Paniqui, etc.), 31, 37, 306, 307, 3 J, 195-303, 
315, 216, 336-340^ 35, 3x8, 37, 98, 99, 43, 27, 73-77, 93, 93, 47, 144, 4«, 73*75. 



6o2 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Missions 

Missions (ooDtinued) — 

123-136, Z75, Z76; elsewhere, 30, 234, 37, a86, 50, 30^ 31; Tartmis mentioii, i, 
65, 13, 123, I4t 84-89, 17, a8^, ^3, a?! ««• «4» ays, a74, ««. X59t ^9, a6, 30, 
116, lao, 33, 53* 41, 166, 43. 3S, 39, 44, X44, 48, aoo. 

Hist, of Dom. miss. - Aduarte and others (miss, of 1606), 14, 81-111; Adu- 
arte (to 1640), 30, 115-323, 31 and 3 J entire; 8. Cruz (1635-49), 38, ^5-58, 
37, 64-148; Salazar (1670-1700), 43, 27-93; Peres (1680), on Zambals, 47, 
287-332; Ustirix (1745), 48, ia3-«36. 

Franctseans: their field, i, 58, 8, 124, la, 206, 207, JO, 232, a8, 70^ 146, 154, 
157, 169, 207, 38, a7S, a9a, 3^, 267, 41, 162-164, 175, 236, 244, 4^ 67; enumer- 
ation of miss., convents, and ministers, 7, 39, 8, 96-101, 116-122, 124, 9, 104, 17, 
209, 210, ao, 229, 230, 235, aa, 86, 87, j8, 145-14S, 154, «57, «^ 167-169, 179. 
180, 206-209, 350, 357, 358, 34, 380^ 38, «78-a87, 317, 36, 213-217, 47, 143, 147, 
50, 176; souls in their charge, 8, 140^ 9, 104, 17, 209, 210^ 90, 232, 235, s8, 146, 
147, 154, 157, 160^ 179, 209, 350^ 38, a78-a87, 303, 304, 36, 214. 

In various localities -in vicinity of Manila, 8, 96-101, 16^ 30^ 144, ao^ 232 
(Chin.), ai, 32, 36, 57, 72, J3, ai2, 283, 34, 45, j6, 50^ 5«t ^9, asa» 34, 4S« 
(Jap-)> Z5t 29Z, 36, 91, 92, 95, 51, 300 (Jap.); in 8. Luz6a (Laguna, Cama- 
rines, etc), 8, 116, 117, 124, 10, 254, J3, a", J8, 209, 301, 309, 310, 30, 162, 34, 
380, Z59 300, 321, 36, 99, 217, 41, 164, 4a, 267; in. N. and Cent Luidn, 6^ 131, 
13a, a8, 147, 160, 30, i8o^ 31, a88, 3^, i93. 38, 300, 313, 317, 318, 41, 164, 44, 
143. 48, 67; in Mindoro, 7, 50, a8, 314, 41, 94, i^S, i75, a36. 

Hist, of Fran. miss. -to 1649, 38,. 278-322. 

Jesuits: estab., extent, and progreu of miss., 11, 208, 221, 225, la, 23, 207, 234, 
13, 169, 182, 193, 17, a75, aa, 296-298, 303, 304, a8, 172, 36, 45, a67, 44, 50, 
75, 80-90, 97, 98, Z02, 105, 48, 163; enum. of ministries, convents, and rel., i, 58, 
8, 96-101, 16, 151, 17, 200-209, ao, 230, 234, 235, M, 86, a8, 70, 81, 84, 135, 
136, 150-152, 160, 166, 169-172, 179, 180, 200, 201, 209, 350, 358, 359, 47, 143, 
148; souls in their charge, 8, 96-101, 11, 203, 221, 17, 200-209, ^^, 86, a3, 229, 
330, a8, 84, 86-88, 90, 92-97. 99-ioa. i35, 13^, 151, 15a, 160, 179, 209, 350, 36, 
59-62, 44, 65, 112. 

In various localities - in and near Manila, la, 200^ 13, 37-40^ 188-191, 17, 
62, 63, 201, as, 101, a6, 50^ 143, a8, 82-87, 101, 170, i7«. «9, 10a, 34, 3a6, 36, 
53, 54, 95, 9^, B^t 84, 39, 133, 134, 197, 234, 241, 242, 4a, "3, 26$, 266, 44, 
31, 32, 37, loi, 102; in other Luz6n dist, ao, 235, 36, 97, 41, 127, 4a, 267, 44. 
39, 40, 101, 102, 114; in Mindoro, aj, 224, a7, 306, 315, a8, 314, 38, S3» 4i, i^ 
165, 236, 297. 44, 51 (map), 74; in Visayas, 13, 76, 22, 303, as, 87-89, 205, a7» 
329, a8. 150-152, a9, 29, 39, i97. 44, 57, 81, 47, 219; in Leyte and Samar, 9, 
193, 194, II, 215, la, 284-286, 13, 54-65, 89-98, 109-115, 156, 163-173, 17, 74-76, 
202-206, 22, 206, a8, 90, 91, 151, 152, 172, a9, 99, 36, 55, 56, 101, 3S, 101, 119, 
48, 51, 49, 43; >n Ccbu, 11, 205-207, la, 275-280, 13, 39-4^, ao, 234, a8, 88, 
150-152, 171, 36, 55; JO Panay, 17, 53, 7^, ^3, 247, a8, 93, 164, 172, 36, 56, 102; 
in Ncgros, ai, 244, a8, 151, 171, 319, 36, 56, 101, 40, 305, 44, 50, so, 30, 31; 
in Bohol, 13, 80-85, '7, 207, 208, a4, "6, a8, 88, 151, 171, 326-329, 335, 36, 55. 
101, 38, 87, 48, 147; in Mindanao and Jold, 9, 293, 294, 10, 204, 205, la, 315- 
321, 13, 86-89, 17, 307, 321, ai, 220, 302, 303, aa, n6, 25, 106, 186, 233, 27, 
225, 257, 299, 306, 329, a8. 151, 171, 340-343, «9, 29, 30^ 38, 98, 10+, 105, 162, 
36, 57-62, 103, 3S, 109, 121, 40, 118, 314, 41, 184, 284, 300, 315, 43, 288, 44, 
50^ 53, 60-73, 80-87, 90, 162, 285, 46, 56, 57, 329, 47, 243, 244, 248, 48, 149, 150, 



Missions] INDEX 603 

i6s» so, as, 5 J, 126; yariout mention, la, aia-aa6, J9, 5a, 54, jj, 303, 34, aa9, 
38> a33, j8, 358, 39, 37, 36, 46, 44, 86, 87, 50, $14; quit their mittiont (1768), 
a8, aot, 329, 34a (tee Jesuits: expulsion). 

Hist, of Jes. miss. - Chirino (1604), '^t >69-3a3, 13, a7-ai7; in 1608-ia, 17, 
53-78, i89-2ia; Colin (1656), a8, 78-103; in 1655, 36, 53-6a; Murillo Velarde 
(17th cent), 44, a7-zi9; expulsion of Jes. (1767-69), 50, 269-316. 

Recollictsi estab. (1606), nature, etc., ai, 127, 167, 236, 24, 44, 114, 115, J8, 

S03, 3051 3*3f 36, i77-i8Xi a^7» 4if "7. "5»i «^9t »8a» i97. a33i 49. 33* (raided 
by Moros, 35» 61, 36, 177, 41, 103-110^ 113, Z14, 180-182, 48, 163, 164) ; no. of 
ministries, priests, etc, i, 58, ao, 230^ J8, 142, 143, 152-154, 160^ 174-176, 180, 
305, 300-348, 350» 357i 36, X73, 213, 47, 143, 149; souls b their charge, JO, 230, 
Ji, 148, J J, 86, j8, 142, 143, 153-154, z6o, z8o^ 209, 300-348 (item.), 35a 

In various localities -in and near Manila, JO, 230^ J J, 86, J4, 45, j8, 205, 
300, 305-309> 343. 347. 36, 91, 92, 96; in S^ambales, Ji, 141-148, 279-283, J8» 
303-305, 38, 237, 41, 57, 67-69, 73, 125-135 (controversy with Dom. over this 
field, 168-176, 231-272), 206-209, 43» 33» 41 (obliged to 3deld Zambales to Dom., 
but afterward regained it, j8, 304, 314, 41, 169, 170^ 255, 256, 259, 271, 272, 

43, 33. 39, 40) ; in N. and E. Luz6n, Jl, 231-236, 33, 95, 38, 1x8, 41, 98, 99, 
48, 67; in Camarines, 18, 95, j8, 175, 209, 36, 99, 44, 143; other Luz6n miss., 
19, 161, j8, 30Z, 302, 309-312, 41, 96, 97, 244, 81, 307. In Mindoro (received in 
exchange for Zambales), j8, 313-316, 38, 237, 39, 205, 41, 166, 169, 171-Z73, 
176, 182, 183, 232-238, 255, 256, 44, 5» (m«P), 50, 63, 51, 307; in Masbate, etc, 
41, 214, 2x5, 2x8-231, 243-248; in Romblon, j8, 317, 318, 33, 85-91, 36, 147. 3^, 
x6, 41, 101; in Negros, j8, 318-321, 36, 101, 8 J, 215; in Bohol» j8, 325-339, 3^, 
87, 48, 147, 148; in Calamianes and Cuyoa Is., Jl, 227, 3x4-3x7, j8, 152, 322, 
323, 36, 98, X44, X47, X48, 41. 100, X83-X94; in CebiS, J4, XX4, 3a3-3a5. 33, 103. 
36, xoi, 313, 41, 245; in Mindanao, Ji, 196-200^ 2x5-225, 23X, 298-303, J4, 115, 
J8, X52, 339-345. «9. I5«. 35, 59-^3, 7i. «i. 9»-98. X02-106, 36, 62, XX4, 1x5, 136, 
»43. 149. 175. »86, 2x3, 38, X18, 40, xx8, 311-314, 41, 137-145. X5»-«55, ^45. »84, 

44, 60, 285, 46, 56, 57, 48, X63, 49, X78, 8J, X26. Various mention, 16, X7X, Jl, 
XX4, 125, X65, 228, 235. 3t5-8«7, ^4, 35*, ««, «53. 35, 86, 47, 347, 43, 5». «^3. t^ 

Hist of Rec miss.-S. Nicolas, and others (to 1634), Ji, X07-3X9; Concepci6n, 
and L. de Jesib (X635-40), 35, 59-XX3; 8. Theresa, and L. de Jesi&s (X646-60), 
36, X07-188; Sw Francis de Assis (and Concepcidn), (166X-1713), 41, 57-37X; in 
19th cent., j8, 300-348. 

Miscellaneous I Ind. curacies (almost all practically miss.) admin, by seculars, 
7. 37, 39. 41, 44, 5°. 8, 96-iox, X05-108, X15-X17, 123, 133, X34, 137-140, «0, 339- 
335, JJ, 85-87, J3, 347, j8, xio, X49, 153, X54, 158, X60-165, X78, 179, 309, 
36x, 367, 274, 386, 389, 350. 354-357, 34, 380, 36, X96, 38, 33, 41, 165, 166, 
169, X70, X73, X74, X75, 3x4, 333, 336, 337, 343-345, 47, 146, 50, 3«l »ouls 
in their charge, 8, 96-xox, X05-X08, JO, 333-235, J J, 85-87, J8, X29, X53, X54, 
160, X79, x8o, 209, 35a Capuchins, Benedictines, and Paulists (houses, rel., and 
miss.), j8, 359, 368. 
In Japan — 

In general: the field, 6, 235, 16, 230^ 18, X65, J4, 264, 31, 214, 3 J, 336 (rela- 
tion of Phil. Is. to it, I, 49, 14, 3x8-239) ; Jap. well disposed toward Chris, reli- 
gion, 9, 29, 46, 57, XX4, 31, X7X, 3 J, 386; success and progress of missions 
there, 9, 34, 43, X47, 363, 10, X93, X93, 14, 68, 2x8-239. 15, 254, 255, 16, 
X99, 28x, 18, 2x3, 2x7, 2x8, 239, 19, x8o, JO, xx8, XX9, X2x, 233, Ji, X65, X69, 



6o4 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Missions 

Missions (ooDdnued) — 

aj, ia6, 127, J3, xys, aa?. ^4, »73» i74. a7$. ^5» a»x» x6i, J8, 71, lao^ 30, 160, 
31, X74, 344f 28i-a85» 3^, 3i» 5©! 95t «38. ^6$, tlo, 35, Mx, i9x; decreet rdg., 
J4, 263-272, 28, 71; nftdvet ordained as priests, 18, 2x4, ai, 84, aa, X84, 23, 
236, 3^1 X64, 205, 293, 35, 279, 40, 279; converts and their virtues, 6, 3x0^ 14, 
219, 230, 16, 198, X99, 18, 8x, 213, 2x8, 240^ JO, 233, aa. X26, 140^ 3x5, 33, 236, 
J4, 22, 276, 30, 157, 234, 31, X72, 173, 255, 257, 282, 3a, 33f 49» <9» 7». 73, 95. 
X26. 128, X3X-X33, X40b X4X, 163, 164, 244, 35, 83, 5^, 109. 

Attitude of Jap, authorities toward: 14, 219, 220, 229, 235, 15, X2X, 203,204,254, 
16, 48, 18, 218, 19, 5«, ai, 85, M, 145, 31a, «4, 3»3, ^9, «i, 31, X7X-X74, 278, 3a. 
33, 48, X35, X38, 223, 35, 57, 294; persecutions of miss's and converts, i, 49, 9, 43, 
ID, 25, IJ, 78, 14, aa6, 15, xa2, X23, X96, 16, 48, i8, 80-82, 2x6-2x9, 274, 19, 
48-56, JO, 25-28, 88, Ji, X65-X68, X72, X73, X77, 253, JJ, 46, X2o^ X26, X45, X76, 
307-3x6, J3, 64, 67, J4, X7X, 174, 206, 231-244, 268, 274, a86, 297-299, 323, J6, 

41, 268, J7, 49, J9, 42, 80, 264, 27X, 30, X59, 31, a56, 278-282, 3^, 3«-34, 47-5", 
59, 67-7^, 95, 9^, X26-X42, X46, X62-X67, X83, 204, 205, 2x7-220^ 284-288, 292-294, 

35, 83, 1x9, X2X, X79, 47, 40, 42 (converts aided by Misericordia), 50, 3x4; 
causes of persecution, 14,2x9, 220^236,237, JJ, 3x2, 3x3, J9, 306, 31, X72, X73, 280; 
banishment of Jap. converts (many, to Manila), JJ, 3XX, 3x2, 3x5, J4, 240^ 275, 
j8, 85, 31, 171, 284, 3J, 48, X89, 287, 38, 57, 44, 28; id^ of Chris, lepers to 
Manila, J4, 230, J8, 207, 31, 285, 35, 3x0; rel. work there for Jap., JO, 232, 
233, 34, X87, j8, 85, 35, x2o; seminary for them, 18, 2x4, Ji, 84-94; mias*s 
banished from Japan, and Chris, rel. prohib. there, 16, 48, 17, xx9, X85, 18, 
8x, J J, 68, X26, J4, 55, X7X, 263-266, 287, J6, 41, 288, J7, 327, j8, 82, xx8, J9, 
X5^. 3a, 48, 1^5, «66, x8x, 37, 66, xo6, 41, X97, 4 J, X75, 44, 79*, various men- 
tion, 10, 79, IJ, X26, X45, 14, 2x8, 233, 15, a54, 255, 18, 2x5, J4, X73, 265, 273, 
a97. 35, 44, "oi, 2ix, 246, J8, 70, X19, J9, 32, 30, X2o, 3a, 254, 36, 267, 50, 
314; Bp. Palu seeks to reopen, 4 J, X36. 

The orders, separately (in each, see also Martyrs) — 

Augustinians, 9, 114, u, 141, 14, 219, 230, 15, 254, 257, 259, 17, X2X, 18, 
81. 218, JJ, 3x4, J4. 39, xoo, X74, J5, 95, ««, 3^, 7a, 3^, 50, 243, 35, 3aa 

Dominicans -beginning of Jap. miss., 14, 2x9, 15, 254, 30, xx6, 31, X55, 224; 
progress and extent, 14, 230^ 17, 93, 2x2, 18, 2x8, JJ, 200^ J3, a34, J4, X73, 
J9, 3a, a72, 30, X20, X49, X57-160, 31, X65, X7X-X74, 243, 255, 256, 277, 293, 3^, 
a5, 30, 31, 50, 70, 7h 136, X38, X39, X65, x8x, 2x3, 252. 258, 286, 291, 35, a8, 4^ 
56, 37, 106, X07, 136; persecuted and expelled, 18, 8x, 19, 55, 3J, 33, 34, 205 
(see also preceding section). 

Franciscans - early miss, in Japan, 8, 233, 272, 9, 29, 30^ 46, 57, X22, 148, X49, 
X54, X94, 263, 31, a84, 34, 325; its untimely end, 8, 233, 10, 25, 15, X23, X24, 
16, 270; later miss., 14, 2x9, 230, 15, 2ox, 254-256, 16, 29, 30, 17, 2x0, 18, 2x8, 
JO, 26, JJ, 3x4, J4, X73, 298, j8, 72, 31, X70, 244, 281, 284, 3a, 50, 68, X38, 35, 
X19, I20, 291 309; persecuted and expelled, 18, 81, JJ, 312, 3J, 69, 182, 205. 

Jesuits - their miss, and labors, 6, 202, 305, 8, 184 {called Theatins), 265, 9, 

42, 43, 263, 10, 26, IJ, 178, 14, ai9, 230, 231, 234, 15, ao3, 17, 274, 18, 206. 
215, 217, 249, 19, 48, 49, 53, 54, ^5, «a, «37, 140, 314, ^4, a30, 298, J7, 303, ««, 
X03, J9, 8x, 90, 150^ 30, 269, 31, 170^ 17X, 3a, 50, 240, 292, 34, 3a6, 44, 87; 
that field exclusively theirs, at first, 14, 222, 225, 15, XX9, J8, 73, 74; persecuted 
and banished, 9, 43, J7, 253, 31, 284, 3^, 31. 

Recollects, 14, 220, Ji, x66, 169, 172, 176, X77, 253, J4, 173, J8, 308, 35, 83, 

36, 142-144, 148, 187, 41, XOO-X02, X48. (See also under Japan.) 



Mobo] INDEX 605 

Elsewhirb (see also the yarioos oountriet) — 

In China — 

Augusdnian - 3, 207, 4, 46 (sc. 47), 49, 5a. 6a, 6, 78, 90^ 91, ixo, iX5-»9» ^¥>f 
7» a«4» 9. "3, aa, aao, a8, 357, 34, 28a, 4J, aix, 240, 344, 300, 4^, 57. 58» "3- 

Dominican - 7, 91, 124, 215, 231, 232, 235-238, 244, 255, 9, 149, IJ, 157, 15, 
X85, ao, 23a, M, aoo^ aoi, 34, 277, 278, aj, 3x1, a8, xi8, 358. i»9, >5o» 30, xx7, 
x28-x3o» ao9, 2x5, 224, 225, 234, 239, 246-249, 31, i4«. 3^, X5a» a45, M, 35» 
X36, x6x, 36, 2x9, 37. 77. «07. "6. ««>. I5^. X45. 38. 55. 4i, 9». 43. 37. 7*. 

88, 48, xs6, X46, X47, 50, X62. 

Franciscan - 4, 308, 309, 3i5. 3i6, 5, a5<^ a5x, <i, 85. «»5-«34. «37. X4a. X43. 
«» 7t a«5-a«7. a35. ao, 133, aa, 187, J7. 3". a8, 1x8, 3a, a45. 34. 3ai. 36, 
3X7i 37i X20, 189, 38, 7x; driven from the country, J9, 37, X5a 

Jesuit -I, 49, a, X67, 6, 208, 15, X78, 18, 206, 207, 19, 47-49, a^. «97. «98, 
a4, 242, 300, a7, 3x1, a8, X03, xx8. a9, 37, 40 (Hainan), 45-48, X57, X59, 31. 1*5, 
3a, 189, 35, 162, X78, 37. 89, 38, 7X, 4a. 199, a40. 244, ^93; controversy rdg. 
"ChiiL rites," 3a, 246, 248 (see also under China; and Chinese I and II: reli- 
gion) ; miss, ended, 41, X96, X97, 4a, 136, 40, 334; (see also ut supra). 

In various regions'. Asia (in gen.), a, 96, 167, 4a, X24. Camboja, Cochin- 
china, et&, 4a, X36, 48, x8o; Aug., 31, 99-xox; Dom., 9, x6x, X72, 15, 8x, 82, 

89, 247, 279, 28o» aa, 306, a4, 276, 277, 31. 7^-«o^. i"-ii7. »47. 150-153. 175" 
x8o, 3a, x68, X7X, X72, 48, X36, X78-X80 (controversy with Rec.) ; Fran., 9, x6x, 
X72, X97, X98, 15, X89, X90, 18, 2X3, 31. 77; Je»., 18, 2x3, 2x4, aa, X89, 2x5, a7. 
327, 44, 97; Rec. (Tunquin), 48, X78-x8a Siam, 4a, X36; Dom., 10, 269, 11, 
286, 15, 244; Jes., aa, X4X. India (see under India; Malabar; Goa; etc.). 
Korea, 18, X65, 3^, 87; Dom., 30, X89, 3^. 88, 89, 96. Formosa - Aug., a4, X53; 
Dom., ^^, 92, xox, X84, 20X, a4, 150^ X53, 272, 277, a8, 258, a9, 30^ 3a. i57. 158, 
X72-X75, X83, 224, 249, 250, 35, 37, 39-4". 43, 44, X45-»49 ("1- «ent to Batavia by 
Dutch), 294; Fran., 39, 30^ 35, 3^; J««.. «a, X84, a7, 306; Rec, 35, 84, 85; 
Protestant, ^2, 99, 5a, 34a Borneo -Jes., a8, 98, 99, 39, 191, 4^, ^99, 44, 79- 
Moluccas, and Siao-Dom., 4, 226; Fran., 35, 292 (Sanguil, a8, xox, 36, 197); 
Jes., 14, X75, 16, 246, 17, X38, X39, a8, 99-»o«, 36, 58, 68-73, "<H. 37, 192, 4^, 
X22-X24, 44, 97. Celebes (Macasar), and Gilolo-Dom., 19, 289, 38, 69; Fran., 
ao, 149, 35, 292; Jes., 19, 270^ ^2f 146, a8, xox, xo2, 4a, X24. Marianas (La- 
droncs) Is. -Fran., 31, 254; Jes., a8, X36, X52, X72, 274, 277, 279, 280, 345, 37. 
253, Z^, 84, 43, 44, 44, i<H, 50, 293, 3<H, 5a, 33^, 339; Rec., a8, 345-348, 353. 
Palaos and Carolinas Is., -Cap., a8, 353, 359, 368; Jes., 5a, 349. Solomon Is., 
4, 308. America, ai, 82, a8, 235 (Jes.), 35, 3x9; New France (Jes.), 19, 52. 
N. Espana, 37, X98; Aug., 10, x8x, 2St >9i, 34, 423; Dom., 15, 84; Fran., ai, 
42, 45, 34, 317; Jes., 5. 3', 44, 55, 5^. S. America (Jes.), 11, X9X, a8, 359; 
Paraguay (Jes.), a6, 267, 51, 1x2; Brazil (Cap.), a8, 207. France and Eng- 
land (Cath.), I, 36. Africa (Cap.), a8, 207. 

Mississippi (state) : Span, oppose Eng. in, 5a, 97. 
Miyagao (vill. in Panay) : Aug. admin., a8, X50. 
Miztecapan (Misteca, Mizteca, prov. in Mex.) : identified, 37, X99; silk industry in, 

199, 30, 71. 
Mil lanla: dist. in Orient, 34, X39. 
Moade (vill. in Tabuco) : its chief, a Chris., a8, xox. 
Moag, Geronima: wife of Zancal&n, 35, 73. 
Mobo (Mobd, vill. in Masbate) : location, 41, 2x7; road opened to, 226, 248; Rec. 

in, a8, X75, 41, 2x, 2x7, 2x8, 224, 245. 



6o6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mocha 

Mocha (Arabia): wt. yaluet in, 18,143. 

Modafar: becomes lung of Ternate, 17, 318. 

Mogor (Mogol, Mog61, appellation of Hinduitan Igjv,]): location, 18, 305; iti 

inhab. (Mogores, Mogolet), 205, J7, 150, 40, 193, 44, 29; needs gospel, 41, 14S. 

See also Mogul, Great 
Moguin (Moguin, encomienda): status (1591), 8, 135; asdgned to Riqoel, 34, 305. 
Mogul, Great: meaning of term, 17, 25a; his vassals, 18, 305. 
Mohala (Bornean port): cattle in, 4, 191; Span, in, 193, 195, 204, 209. 
Mohammed (Mohamed), Damaliel Kisand (sultan of J0I6) : Wilkes yisits, 43, 147- 

153; makes treaty with W^ 187, 188. 
Mohammed Polalu (son of preceding) : described, 43, 153, 154. 
Mohedano, Juan (Joan) de: arrest and trial, 19, 133, JO, 220-222. 
Mdjica, Antonio de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 93. 
M6jica (Mojica), Diego de, O.S.A.: life and labors, J3, 224, 225. 
Mola, Francisco, O.P.: life and labors, 3a, 158, 184. 
Molina, — : advises use of ship buoys, 40, 173. 
Molina, Christobal de: acts as witness, J6, 113. 
Molina, Francisco de: his enoom., 8, 13a 

Molina, Francisco de, O.P. (I) : arrives at Manila (1643), 37i ^ 
Molina, Francisco de, O.P. (II): arrives at Manila (1699), 43, 91. 
Molina, Capt. Gomez de (Span, officer): wounded, 11, 163. 
Molina, Juan (Joan) Bautista (Baptista) de (Span, officer) : his posts, 18, 39^ 19, 

116, J9, 234; in various ezped^ etc, 19, 87, 227, 231, 233, JO, 151; abp. con* 

tends with, j6, 36; his services recommended, 18, 50^ 133, 19, 151, 152, J4, 

215, 216, 39, 252. 
Molina, Luis de (member of toy. council) : official acts, 3> 66, 34, 238, 239, 246, 248. 
Molina, Romualdo, O.P.: poisoned, 48, 132, 133. 
Molina, Sebastiin, O.P.: life and labors, J3, 226. 
Molina y Figueras, Dr. Felipe (Phelipe, sec priest, bp. of N. Cioeres): graduate 

of S. Jos6, 5 J, 105; member of Misericordia, 47, 28; restricts eoc tax, 30, 95; 

consecrates abp., 51, 31a 
Molina de Medrano, Licen. — (member of roy. Council) : Benavides associated 

with, 10, 203. 
Molin^r, Manuel, O.P.: poisoned, 48, 132. 
Molinero, Grabiel (Graviel, miner): investigates Igorot mines, JO, 281; acts as 

witness, 296, 298. 
Molino, Luis de: acts as executioner, 33, 307. 
Molinos, Miguel (Span, theologian) : sketch, 44, 189. 
Molins, Emilio (gov. of Phil., 1883) : sketch, 17, 310. 
MoIIusks. See Invertebrates. 

Molla, Capt. — (Span, officer): his experience with Fil. sailors, 40, 251. 
Molo (M6I0, vill. in Negros) : Jes. in, j8, 151, 172. 

Molobolo (Moro chief) : his brother tries to murder rel., 44, 63; revolts, 67. 
Molto, Antonio: gov. of Phil. (1888), 17, 310. 
MoLUCCANS (Malucans, inhab. of Moluccas, g.v.) — 

In general: origin, 16, 223; common people called Kafirs, i, 332; called Ma- 

layos, 48, 94; compared to Borneans, 332; migrate from one is. to another, 16, 

239; language, 16, 223, 33, 239, 34, 47i 49, S'l 59, 63, 73, 75-105; characteristics, 

I, 332, 16, 221-223, 34, 47, 63, 65, 48, 94; customs and ceremonies, 59; care of 

hair, 16, 221; their eyes and eyelashes, and their care, 221; picture of warrior. 



Money] INDEX 607 

4, 7, 337; food, I, 332, 38, 279; dwellings, 332, 34i 47; dress and ornaments, 
16, 222, 223; go barefoot, 34, 55; boats, 3, 30, 40, 173; occupations, 34, 67; 
pilots, 119; value spices, i, 332; burn clove trees, 16, 225; investigate value of 
apices, 34f X79; trade, 4, 131, 11, 107. Mahometans, i, 332, 4, 150, 14, 115; 
Jes. labor among, 13, 40; Chris, among, 15, 324; hosp. for, 18, 113; feasts, 34, 
65; justice, 16, 222; music and musical instruments, 16, 222, 33, 259, 34, 49, 55, 
59; women and girls, 16, 221, 223, 34, 12, 47, 59; relations with Span., i, 333, 
335. a» 3i» 6, 178, 183, 7, 164, 9, 243, 244> lO, lo, II, 302, 303, 14, "6, 117, 
16, 60, 22a, 227, 19, 2$% ays. a?^. 34. 43. 5h S3, ^x. I79; »» CebiS, 13, 77. «o, 
a33» 234; in Manila, J7, 82; relations with Port., 4, 226, 229, 7, 98, 10, 48, 16, 
19, 220, 225, 34, 221 ; relations with Dutch, 16, 52, 18, 12, 65, 19, 199. 

Tirnatans'. Visayans may originate from, 40, 44, 45; language, 285, 4 J, 122; 
characteristics, 10, 60, 16, 247, J9, 254, 40, 113; food, 38, 272; weapons, 10, 60, 
62, 15, 247, 16, 54, 55, 60, 253, 40, IZ4, 180; nmfre. anununition, 16, 253; armor, 
253; furniture, etc, 10, 62, 16, 312, 313; fleet, 10, 60; women, 62; Mahometans, 
la, 313, J J, Z34; skilful sorcerers, 40, 153; Chris, among, 29, 158; rulers and 
chiefs (cachils), 10, 6z, 62, 16, 243, 17, 146, 149, 23, 96, 39, 76 (see also 
Abuleis) ; justice among, 40, 153 ; inhab. readily give false testimony, 18, 255 ; 
could be easily conquered, 16, 254; hostile to Tidorans (9.V.), 15, 247 (see also 
Islands: Moluccas, Tidore) ; relations with Mateo Is., 9, 291, J8, 101; relations 
with Port, 4, z6, 6, 64, 10, 48, 34, 14, 2x2, 40, 114 (tee also Port) ; in Phil, 
and relations with Span., 8, 74, 9, 196, 284, 285, 287, 288, 297, 298, 10, 41, 57, 
58, 60-62, 64, 65, 68, 168, 221, 222, II, 17, 136, 144, 236, 237, a^^ a92, 297, u. 
4X. 7^. X34. iSS. 307. 3X4» 3«S. ^3. 49. »B. aa, 97, 98, 241, 16, 13, 57, 239, a70, 
a73. a74, 3x0-317. aj, 130^ 39, 17, 195, 198, 34. xa, 13, x8, 47. 49f SS, arc, 211, 
41, 283, 44, 29; relations with Eng., 11, 126, 127, 16, 237, 276; with Dutch, 14, 
115, 16, 276, 30X, 17, 138, 146, 148, 149, 18, 230, aa, 130, a3, 96; allied with Chin., 
16, 226; friendly to Javanese, 244. vSee also Islands: Moluccas, Temate. 

Tidorans: weapons, 31, 250; rulers and chiefs, 24, 333, a7, 313 (see also 
Manzor) ; relations with Span., 14, 1x5, 16, 247, ao, 31, 27, 3x3, a9, 17, 195, 
198, 41, xxa, 44, 39; with Port, 14, 1x5, 15, 247, 34, x8, 2x0, 2xx; with Dutch, 
14, XX 5. See also Islands: Moluccas, Tidore. 

Molenu: 46, 45, 46 (see Malinog). 

Mom: name of tributary Chin, king, 34, X37. 

Monao (chief in Mindanao) : friendly to Span., 16, 27X. 

Moncada, Sancho de, O.S.A.: elected definitor, 37, 178; sketch, X78. 

Moncay, Cachil (Moro chief in Mindanao) : relations with Span, (both hostile and 
friendly), 37, a9a, 893, 396, 324, 325, a9. X3x, 14X, 158, 162-X65, X98, X99; rela- 
tions with Corralat, 48, 145, X48, 41, 298; his fort, a9, X64; his vill. captured, a9, 
X46; killed, a9, xo, 48; treacherous, a9, X44; his son, 41, 307; successor, 298. 

Monclova, Conde de: 44, 295. See Portocarrero Laso de la Vega, Melchor. 

Mongon, Jeronimo (Geronimo, Span, conquistador) : signs and witnesses docs., a, 
X09, x8x. 

Mondragon, Joan Baptista (Span.) : killed, 11, X64. 

Monet — 

In general: needed and scarce in various places, 3, 245, 6, 29, 69, 272, 289, 30X, 
7, XX3, X36, 202, 8, 243, 9. 7a. a75. ", X26, la, 67, 14. 64, 176, X78, 16, 245, 
287, 18, X5, X44, 248, 249, 3x6, 19, 26, 203, 222, 25X, ao, 50^ 52, 144, X53, 22, 257. 
a4, X83, X98, a7, 36X, 39, X94, 34, 399, 4os. 37, ax4, 38, 73, 4^, 262, 51. x8, 
224; fractional currency scarce in Phil., 30, X85; relative value in Spain and Indies, 



6o8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Moncy 

Monet (continued) — 

45, 86; sent to various placet for various purposes (mainly by govt.), I, ai8, 
3, 15I1 4, loi, 6, 257, a8o^ aSa, 7, aos, ao6, 10, 145, a65, 11, 106, 876, a77, 305, 
314, ij, 46, 6a, 63, 103, 13, aai, 15, ao6, 16, 305, 17, loS, 18, 43, 44, i8i, a47, 
a54. 19, 88, X03, iio^ a6o^ JO, 58, 64, 73, 107, 149, aa, 74, a63, 34, ass, a9it «9a- 
31a, 323, as, n, 35i 4*. 5a» a6, a38, 37, 309, 360^ t^h 35, i97i S»4, 36, a6i, 
37, 8a, 38, 17, 45, 3a, 35, a33 (see also Revenues: Situado) ; smuggled into Phil^ 
10, a65; drained from Span, by foreign trade, 6, a8, 61, aSo^ a8a, 7, 139, aoa, 
8, 80-82, 86, 88, 89, 9a-94, 9, ass, 316, 10, 19a, 15, 70^ ^4, 308, 44t H^, a«o» a«4, 
a94, 300, 301, 304, 45, a9» 3a» S^, 47-53, ^7, 47, a67, a83, 48, a74, 877, a8s, a86, 
3i5-3>7, 3>3, 327, 50, x86, 51, as3, ass; restrictions on exporting, 6, 6x, a89, lO, 
X96, J4, 3ta, 35, 35, 45, 59, ^ »09, "o; in paym't of trib., d, i6i, 191, 
7, 145, 170, 9, XI, 64, 94, 14, a78, 16, 1S9, aj, ao, ai8, aao^ a6i, a6a, 33, a4a, 
50, asa; embezzled and stolen, i, 68, 6, 74, 18, a65, ai, 79, 38, 4a; seized and 
captured, 8, 177, 15, 71, 16, a6a, JJ, 73, 29, 137, 37, 58, 47, a«7; tcquestered, 
J5, ia4; given as alms, 6, a6x, 7, 15, x6, 3a, 33, 8, a4S, 9, 106, 107, il, 8a, aa, 

14, a4, 45, a6, a96, a99, a8, ia9, 139, 30, 139, 3i, 57, 3^, »7t ¥>, 99, 101, 36, 
lai, 124, 45, "8, a49, a59, ^63, 47, i34, «44, i45; given as presents, 16, asa, 
17, IIS, ^7, 3*8, 36, 5a, 47, a33, a47, 5^, 3«x; bribes of, 18, aao^ 37, 879, J8, 
a49, 31, 145, 3a, 188, 36, 80, 37, 4h 60, 40, 154, ^39, 44, M, 5^, 3»i; ^oA and 
saved in shipwreck, 6, 316, 39, aoo, 35, 5*, 37, i77, «»S, 38, 4a, 4', S^; banks, 
17, 305, 306. 36, 304, 51, S164, 5^ 116, 117, ao«, S««, S»»; bonds, a6, 175, i8ov 
X90, ao4; promissory notes, 44, an; loans, i, aas, 6, 33, 104, ao6, 17, 130^ 18, 
*75. 19, lOb 3a, »8ov a40» JO, 171, Ji, 131, M, aas, ^6, X5», ^7, S4X, 3|8, ia8, 
298, 34, 3«4, 3»5, 444, 36, i8, a8a, a83, 47, «", 5^, "3, »94, 303, 3»5; invest- 
ments, 6, 19, 30, 166, 307, 7, 15a, »53, »6a, 8, ass, 10, 174, 11, 118, 14, 276, 

15, 173, 18, aa8, J3, $0, 34, 24, 308, J5, i«6, 36, 304, 45, 109, 5©, 835, a36; 
interest and usury, I, aas, 6, 61, 19, 7a, aoa, Ji, 61, J5, 67, 68, J7, 140^ 341, 
a8, ia8, ia9, 199, a4o^ a4s, 398, 34, a«o» 35, 170^ 36, a8a, 304, a89, 40, %6o, 44, 
a77, 47, 74, Ho, 51, 13^, '49, 5^, a9S, 304; duty and taxes on, 6, a6o, 7, 57, las, 

16, 191, J4, as, a9a, 307, 308, 51, ass; immigrants may carry free, 44, a48; at 
Cadiz, worth one-half more than in Indies, 45, 86; only commodity demanded in 
India at first, 48, a6s; most valued in Orient, 310; consumed in Phil, since con- 
quest, 278 ; actual amt in Phil., a78 ; should circulate more freely, 3a7 ; Span, cir- 
culate in Phil., 51, 60; Span.-Amer. circulate in Manila, 64; Phil, at discount, 

50, 183; unstable in Phil., 5a, 148; colonial system needed in Phil., 51, 18, aa4, 
a37-240, 264; uniform system adopted, 17, 308; Asiatic colon, possess own systems, 

51, a24; edicts rdg., 50, 186, aa9, 51, 64; sources of study for Phil., 5 J, 147, 148; 
study on bills of exchange in Phil., cited, saa. 

Other miscellaneous mentions, i, as3, 3, 50, 61, loa, 183, 4, 8a, 84, 104, 6, aoa, 
7, 154, 8, 18, 87, a96, 9, 46, 17a, 173, 10, 78, 143, 175, II, 106, 117, 3«4, 13, 
a28, 229, 14, 70, loa, a88, 317, 15, 3<H. 16, 67, ia7, 17, a8, 131, 13a, 140, 145, 
147, 18, isa, asi, asa, a6i, a6a, 394, 19, 95, 174, Jo, 136, 130, ao, aio, a J, 71, 
170, 260, 263, J3, II, 153, «4, 136, 153, 1^5, *93, 306, 3*0, «5, 100, 117, 135, 
136, j6, 13, 121, 131, J7, ^97, a8, 76, J9, 63, 64, 138, 30, 147, 149, 1*4, ^9^ 31, 
SS, 121, 128, 168, 217, ai8, 3a, 186, aso, 34, a6. aos, 314, sai, 420, 35, 18, 179, 
183, 263, 265, 268, 36, 13s, 37, loi, 106, 233, 287, 291, 38, 141, 40, 13s, 149, 
ISO, 44, "7, i4a-i44. 300, 45, ao, ai, 109, no, 113, 139, 180, aa4, a27, 228, 247, 

46, 55» 194, aoo, 253, 309, 47, 14^-152, 170* 231, ^57, ^78, 50, 234, 51, 82. See 
also Prices; Revenues; and Salaries. 



Money] INDEX 609 

Coins and coinage: use unknown in PhiL, 13, 56, 3a, 199, 40, 47; Fil. learn 
ute of, II, 9; cacao-beans used as, 5, 73, 16, 103; thellt used as, 5, 73, 7, 35, 8, 
83, 15, 1S5, 16, 103, 104, a8, 183; cloth uted as, 51, 85; metals used for, i, 224; 
gold, 324, a, X87, 5» »o, 7, 14, IJ, 65, 16, 123, I9» 3". «^. 227-229, 234-237, 
a6, 312, 37, 231, 244, aS, 52, 34» i«7i a39t H't 3«» 347. 38x, 399. 4a«, 40, 35"» 
37". 47. ia9. »3i» 13a; silver, i, 224, J, 187, 3. "77. 5. aio, 6, 2x8, 10, 86, 14, 
19, 50* »ah 30s. 17, X37, 18, 58, 340. 34»f I9, 3««. 3»a. 3»6. M, loo, 171, 172, 
187, x88, 279, 281, 282, 287, 288, a7, 93, 94, 231, a8, 195, 34» 347. 35^. 4i9. 37. 
«>3. 38, 64, 39. 147. 40, 210, 293, 4a, 3ah 43, 29*. 44. 284, 293. 43, 39, 46, 
40, 51, 47, a3«, 51, 339; copper, J, 231, 4, 53, I9, 3", «©, 208, aj, 281, J7. 
91, 50, xo^ 28, 5i» 64, 86, 238; bronze, 29, 256; reckoned in iron, 3, 193; ratio 
of gold to silver, a, 187; copper valued above gold, J7, 9x; gilded, J, 191; 
stamped paper, 46, X89; mints, 5, a84, la, 67, J7, X22, 50, 64, 51, 54, 56, 60. 
339, 3^5. 5^, 214; coined in N. Espafia, a, 48; diminished coinage, requested, la, 

13, 73, 74, *nit. coined for Phil^ 73; pass by wt, 18, 340, 341; weigher of coins, 
a9, 62, 63; expenses of, how met, 27, X22; recoinage, advised, 50, X7; counterfeit 
and falsification of, 5, 284, 11, 56, 57, 49, 263, 51, 64; clipped, 10, 86, 11, 56, 
57, 48, X84, 49, >7S, 3x8, 262, 50, X85, x86, 51, 84, X23 ; debased, 4^, 236, 44, 
»4«, 51, 59; Span, or Castilian, i, 50^ 224, 3, X77, <^, x^x, X9x, 17, X37, 19, 306, 
34, 347, 35^, 39, 57, 44, aH, «93, 4«, ^75, 3xo^ 31, 235; Span.-Amer., J, 48, 4, 
24, 37, 2X4, 44, 293, 43. 39, 49, 3i, 64, 236; Amer. (U.S.), 3, 177, 31, 154; Chin^ 
4, 53, 19, 30^, 33, 354; in low countries, 13, X4X; table of Cambayan, 19, 3x6; 
table of Bengal, 3x6; Venetian, 3x6, 34, X56; of Kandy, 3x6; of Ceylon, 316; 
Turkish, 37, 94; Bomean, 33, 225; Hindoo, 48, 289; in Phil., 40, 36X, 50, 185, 
x86, 51, 235-240; Brazil, 51, 6a 

Names of coins: angelot (angelet), 13, X4X; bandin (?), 14, 286; barrilla, 49, 
263, 265, 30, 28; beneciano^ 19, 3x6; Blanca, a, 231, 10, 123; castellano, 19, 254, 
34, 239; catrini, 33, X3X, 3«9f caxes (caxies, cash), 19, 306, J7, 93, 94; colons 
(?), 33t 339; columnaria, 51, 60; concha, J, 33X; conderin, 19, 306; cruzado, 
3x0, 3xx; cuadrante, J9, 363; cuartillo (quartillo), 10, X50, 19, 306, 50, 38; 
cuarto^ 40, 3XO, 51, 64; dollar (U. S.), 51, X54; dollar (Span.), i, 50 (see below 
peso); doppione, 33, X3X, 339; ducat (ducado), i, 334, a, 36, 16, 56, x86, 30, 
73, 31, 35X, 33, X31 ; duro, 35, X59 (see below peso) ; escudo, 3, 41, 34, 43X ; 
kahati (kalahati), 50, X85; larin, 19, 3x5, 3x6; lira, 34, X56; maes (maz), 3, 
267, 19, 30^; maravcdi, i, 334, a, 36, 3, X77, 9, X53; marcello, 34, 55, X56; Mexi- 
cans, 4, 24; P«goda, 48, 389; pardao, 47, 232; patacon (patagon), 4, 224, 39, 
X47; pence, i, 69; peseta, 51, 60, 6x, 64; peso (dollar, duro, peso ensayado, peso 
fuerte, peso de minas, peso de tepuzque, tepusque, tipuzque, atipusque, see p.-> 
note — peso texuela), I, 50, a, X73, 22x, 3, X77, 4, xoo, xox, 5, 279, 6, 46, 
319, 7, 44. la, 73, 74, 16, X54, 17, 3X, aa, 85, 279, a7, X23, a8, 360, 34, 347, 
398, 35, X59, 37, ai4, 39, 57, 6Z, 40, 3o8, 43, 393, 46, 40^ ^9, 47, 74, 97, xs3, 
48, 346, 375, 310, 51, 60, 64, 83, 85, X33, X31, X54, 235, 236, 5a. 147, 34a, 343; 
half dollars (pesos), 51, 239; piastres, a8, X95; picis (petis, pichis, pitis), 33, 
225» 354, 51. 86; piece of eight (peso), la, 73; piece of four (peso), la, 73; 
pistareen, 51, 60; pousin (cash), 86; quartillo (see above cuartillo); quattrino^ 
33, 329; real (nai), l, 39, 3, X77, 5, 2xx, 6, 6x, 69, 95, X30, x6x, X9X, lO, 8o» 

14, X35, 15. 5X, 16, x82, X83, X85, 17, X37, ^4, 307, 4©, 208, 2x0, 46, 5X, 48, 
246, 51, X3X, 239; rupee, 4, X92, 49, X72, 51, X23; sapacou, a7, 93; satac, 93; 
sequin, 19, 3x6; sikapat, 50, x86; tae (tael), 5, X45, X55, X79, 220, 6, 3x9, 320, 16, 
X33, 17, X37, 19, 306; talent (attic), a7, 89; testoon (teston, tostio, toston), a, 142, 



6lO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Money 

Money (continued) — 

X87, 209, 2io^ 3, 98. sol, 4f aa4» 5» aio^ «"» aij-aai, as9» ^, 5«. S^t a?©. ^7^ 33, 
364, 40, 361, 4«» 346; vtrdtgo, 4, aa4. 

Monfalcon, Juan Grau y. See Grau y Moofaloon. 

Monforte, Pedro Duran de. See Duran de Mooforte. 

Monfredo, Joan P.: acts as witness, li, 185. 

Monoph3rsites (sect of Chris, philosophers) : history, 40, 19a 

Monopolies: in Phil, trade, i, 63, 67, J4, 192, 193, 40, 210^ 51, 144, 5a, 113, X14; 
obtained by Port in Manila, 35, IZ9, zao^ 135; obtained by alc.-may., 41, 192; 
of spices, by Dutch, 45, 72, 87, 48, 284, 291; obtained in Manila by Chin., 311 
(see also Chin. II -trade) ; of lottery, granted to private persons, 31, 58; decree 
abolishing those of Co. de Filipinas, 51, 287. See also Com.; Tobacco; and Wines 
and liquors. 

Monroy, Alf. Antonio de (familiar of Holy Office) : helps in arrest of Salcedo, 37, 
263. 

Monroy (Monrrey), Hernando (Emando) de (Span, enoomendero) : signs letter, J, 
182; his encom., 34, 305. 

Monroy, Juan (sec'y of Aud.): gires alms, 47, 179; defrauds natives, 48, 29, 30, 
32; his punishment, 32, 33; official acts, 49, 136, 142. 

Monroy (Monrrqy), Pedro de (sec priest): engages in dvil-ecc. quarrel, ai, 79- 
83, 35* i^St i66| 168, 169, 303, ao6, 221, 222, 226-229, 256, 257, 262, 263, a6, 74, 
76-81, 85, 89, 90^ 104-106, J7, 27, 28, j8, 88; friars aid, J5, 99; retired 
from office, as, 174, J7, 27; app. chaplain, 33, 221; summoned by Inquis., 258; 
insults Jes., 262, 263; recommended by abp., 317, 318; charges against, j6, 63, 67, 
^Sf 73i 74* 90 1 degree against, 105, to6; arrested and exiled, 33, 174, 207, a6, 37, 
38, 74, 76, 80, 85, 98, to6, 37, 27; character, J5, 204; qualifications, 310^ 311; 
letters to and from, 209, 210^ a6, 104. 

Monrroy, Capt Luis de (Span, officer) : arrests Rayo, 37, 38. 

Monserrat, Joaquin (Marques de Cruilla, and viceroy of Mexico) : asked for troops, 

49* X77- 
Monson, Col. — (Eng. officer) : takes part in Manila campaign, 49, 69, 74, 82, 

84-«7i 93i 9«- 
Montalbiin (vill. in Luz6n) : marble quarries in, a8, 203. 

Montalban (Montalvan), Alonso de, O.S.A.: signs opinion, 8, 215, 217; sketch, 217. 
Montanero, Lucas, O.P.: acts as prov'l, 37, 11, 11 1. 
Montano, — : ascends Apo volcano, 43, 233. 
Mont Claro (Cardinal) : his orders to Aug., 34, 425, 426. 
Monte, Geronima See Montes y Escamilla. 

Monte, Capt Martin (Span, officer): commands vessel, J7, 257; death, 282. 
Monte, Ygnacio, S.J.: labors in Silang, 36, 54. 
Monteagudo, Santiago de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 7a 
Monte Castro y Liana Hermosa, Marques de (Span, official) : accused of embezzling 

public funds, 48, 137; attends council of war, 49, 87; overrules advice of mil. 

men, 124; breaks word of honor, 167, 250; Rojo confers with and writes, 226, 

278; prevents theft of treas., 231; ordered to Manila, 275; Brit seize his property, 

345- 
Monte-final, Hipdlito de, O.S.A.: grants letters patent, 37, 156. 

Montejo, Pedro, O.S.A.: slain, 17, 121; sketch, t2t. 

Montemayor, — , Marqu6s de (member of council of Indies) : opinion rdg. Ma- 
nila trade, 45, 57. 



Monies] index 6i i 

Montemayor, Juan de, O.S.A.: life and labors, Jj, 63, 34, 63, 69, 70^ 8$, J5, ai8, 
ai9, asa, a33, a8, as, 40^ ^9, a^. 

Montemayor, Juan de, 8.J.: petitions appropriation, 45, 119; letter by, 41, 35, 36. 

Montemayor, Matias de, 8J.: labors in SAmar, 36, 56. 

Montemayor y Mansilla, Francisco de (oidor): member of Manila Aud., 39, 156; 
app. ale-may. of Mex., 4a, 202; cited, a8, loa See Mansilla. 

Montenegro, — » (bp.) : cited, 44, 88. 

Montenegro^ Christoval de, OP.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129. 

Montenegro^ Gabriel de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27, 

Montenegro, Fernando Verdes. See Verdes Montenegro. 

Monterde, Antonio Ramdn Abad y. See Abad y Monterde. 

Monterey (CaL) : intended as way-station for Phil., 14, ty, 18, 184-188. 

Monterey (Monterrei, Monterrey), Conde de: 11, 289, 14, 183, 184. See Zufiiga y 
Acebedo, Caspar de. 

Montero, Alonso, O.P.: life and labors, 30, 197, 9%6, 

Montero^ Francisco (sec priest) : expelled from priesthood, J 5, 268 ; concerned in 
plot, 268. 

Montero, Geronimo (Span, sea-officer) : commands Acapulco gall., 48, 139. 

Montero, Thomas (Span, official) : official act, 18, 286. 

Montero y Blandino, Ram6n (gov. of Phil., 1853-54, 1856-57) : serves three timc% 
5a, 213; sketch, 17, 305, 306. 

Montero de Espinosa, Dr. Fernando (sec priest, abp. of Manila, 1644-45) : app. 
*l>Pf 37} i^^i arrives at Manila, 162; death, 35, 216, 217, 37, 102, 162; his burial 
place, 163; sketch, 51, 303, 304. 

Montero Rios, E.: gives opinion on Sto. Tomis case, 45, 319-331. 

Montero Saavedra, Licen. Francisco: his eoc posts, 35, 318; goes to Spain, 318. 

Monteroso (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom, 49, 345. 

Monte Rosso: Magalhaes at, 33, 37. 

Montes Claroa (Montesclaros), Marques de: 13, 257, 31, 197. See Hurtado de 
Mendoza y Luna. 

Montes, Pedro de, S.J.: labors, etc, 17, 135, 137, 36, 56, 45, 250. 

Montesa, Antonio de, OP.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 

Montescos (mt. dwellers of N. Luz6n) : their dances, 45, 276 (see also Igorots, and 
other pagan tribes, etc, of Luz6n). 

Montesdoza, Juan de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 30, 31. 

Montes de Oca, — : app. member of educ com'n, 45, z6i. 

Monteses (pagan Mindanao tribe): called Buquidnons, 43, 289; habitat, 277, 289; 
compared to other tribes, 277, 289, 290; pop., 278, 289; language, word in, 306; 
characteristics, 289, 290, 305-307; dwellings, 307; dress and ornaments, 290-293, 
298, 299, 301; weapons, 299; wear armor, 300; occupations, 299, 301-303; agric 
implements, 302, 303; method of fire making, 43, 301; use tobacco^ 301; good 
horsemen, 302; method of reckoning time, 302, 306; first taste food oflFered to 
guests, 305; retire and rise early, 305, 306; drunken feasts among, 298; Chin, in- 
toxicate, 303; note constellations, 302; Chin, traders cheat, 303; women, 290^ 291; 
religion and beliefs, 290, 293-296, 306-308 ; imitate old Chris., 293 ; baptism among, 
309; marriage, 297-298; polygamy rare among, 298; sickness among, 295, 296; 
mortuary customs, 307, 308; music, 303, 304; musical instruments, 304; datos and 
chiefs, 298, 300; justice among, 304, 305; their passports, 298. 

Montes y Escamilla (or de San Antonio), Ger6nimo, O.S.F.: sketch and writings, 
35, 311, 3x2. 



6l2 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [MoQtevidio 

Monteridio (Monte Vidi, Santo Vidio, pment capital of Uruguay) : MagalhStt 

tighti, I, 363. 
Montezuma, Conde de: 49, 45. See Sarmiento Valladares, Joe6. 
Montezuma, Ger6nima Maria, Condeia de: marries viceroy of Mez^ 43, 45. 
Montiel, Juan de, S.J.: life and labort, J8, 98, 36, 58, 41, 301, 44, 99. 
Montilla, Francisco, O.S.F.: escapes death, 15, 70^ 16, 261, a6a. 
Montinlupa (vill. in Laguna) : roads dangerous, 36, a9a 
Montius, Caesar (papal nuncio) : official act, 34, 27a. 
Montoia, — de (friar): goes to Port, la, 119. 
Montoro, Diego de (Span, conquistador): his encooL, 8, 124; servant of Tello, 10, 

147. 
Montoya, Jos6: his manual reprinted, 3 J, 311. 

Montoya, Capt Juan de (Span, officer) : commended, 29, 205, 215, 253. 

Montoya, Juan (Jhoan) Bautista (Baptists), de, O.S.A.: definitor, 94, 41; character, 
43, letter by, 14, 31-34. See also Books. 

Montoya, Tomis de, S.J.: life and labors, U, 223, 224, 226, 227, I3t IS^ 50-54» t^S; 
letter by, 50-52. 

Montujar (Montufar, Montuyar), Luis de, O.S.A.* life and labors, '37, 210^ 4 J* 131, 
145. 

Monuments: various memorial, 4, 47 [f.#., 46], 17, 308, 33, 125, 126, 51, 56, 75, 
5 a, 225. See also Statues. 

Monz6n, Jerdnimo de (enoomendero) : encom. assigned to^ 34, 304. 

Mofiinov Jose (Conde de Floridablanca, Span, minister): draws up statamant, 50, 
283; other mention, 26, 3a, 97. 

Moodo, Rajah (Mindanao chief): sends escort to Span, envoy, 48, 172; heir to 
Mindanao sultanate, 30, 33; gives information to Forrest, 51, 26; his lands, 85. 

Moody, — (Eng. trader) : in Mindanao, 39, 49 ; returns Swan's journal, 12a 

Moor, William (Eng. explorer) : seeks N. W. passage, 48, 207. 

Moore, Capt — (Eng. officer) : services commended, 49, 70^ 74. 

Moors: appellation for Mahometans, I, 35, 38; food, 39, 103; dress, 40, 124; wor- 
ship, 23, 116; carry on silk industry, 5 J, 352; of Barbary, 3, 141; invade and 
make conquest in Spain, i, 145, 18, 339, 33t 290; descendants in Spain, Ja, 30; 
ruins of, in Spain, 33, 35; Span, oppose and defeat, i, 98, 106, 136, 6, 15, 59, 60, 8, 
222, 12, no, a J, 29, 283, 5 J, 326; Span, warcry for, 3, 100; order of Calatrava 
opposes, I, 222; Fort, oppose, 6, 15, 59, 60; captives among, 13, 246; harass Span, 
ships, 30, 122, 31, 195; in Magalhaes's crew, 33, 278; how they [t.#., Ma- 
hometans] gained control of best part of India, 40, 41. In Fil. plays, i, 8z ; Fil. 
wrongly compared to^ 3, 141 ; in Luz6n, 210. See also Mahometans ; and Moros. 

Mora, Cristobal (Christoval) de (member of govt council) : discusses com., 6, 279; 
writes to Alvarez, 7, 264. 

Mora, Capt Juan de: his pay, J6, 161; commands infantry, 35, 245. 

Mora, Luis Arias de. See Arias de Mora. 

Mora Salcedo, Alf. Pedro de (Span, officer) : apptmt, qualifications, and salary, J J, 
a35i 236; his pay, J6, 163. 

Moro, Raja (Adiamora - mistranscription) : principal chief in Mindanao, il, 138. 

Morabites (Mohametan sect, or wise man) : term defined, 29, 35; arouses mutiny, 35. 

Moraga, Hernando de, O.S.F.: life and labors, 19, 36, 37. 

Morais, Sebastian de, S.J.: letter by, aa, 318, 319. 

Moral, Francisco (Span, conquistador) : encom., 8, 127, 131. 

Moral, Francisco del, O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 236. 



More] INDEX 613 

Moral, Joan del, O.P.: life and labors, 35, 27, 37, 66. 

Morales, — , OJ^.: accuses Jes., 35, 162. 

Morales, Augusdna de (daughter of P. Navarro) : her parents and husband, a J, 225. 

Morales, Baptista de, OJP.: life and labors, 3 J, 246. 

Morales, Buenaventura (Manila phsrsician) : alms given by, 47, 179. 

Morales, Diego de, SJ.: martyred, 28, 329, 35, 179. 

Morales, Capt Diego de (Span, official) : regidor of Manila, 36, 25; hostile to, and 

aids in arrest of Salcedo^ 37, 25, 28 ; rewarded, 61 ; accompanies BstQrbar, ^8, 

167; letter cited, 36, 23. 
Morales, Dionisio, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 29. 
Morales, Francisco de, O.P. (I; martyr) : life and labors, 15, 254, 18, 219, 31, 150. 

158, 162, 171, 172, 224, 255, 281, 284, 3a, 69, 72, 96, 98, X31, 132, X34-i36> a85- 
Morales, Francisco de, O.P.: (II): arrives at Manila (1684), 43, 70. 
Morales, Capt Caspar de (Span, officer): app. gov. of Jold, 39, 143; life in Jol^ 

154, 40, 178. 41, aSSi a«6; death, 40, 178, 41, «9«f 44, 7*; «ketd^ 40, 178. 
Morales, Caspar de, S.J.: life endangered, 44, 86. 
Morales, Hernando de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 39, 87. 
Morales, Isabel de: her daughter becomes beata, 37, 123. 
Morales, Joseph de (Span, officer) : alnu given by, 47, x8o, 2x2. 
Morales, Capt. Juan de (Span, officer) : hostile to Salcedo, 37, 263 ; in campaigns, 

38, 145, 167. 
Morales, Juan de, O.S.A.: confesses troops, J4, 86. 
Morales, Juan Bautista (Baptista) de, OJP.: life and labors, 3a, 171, 190, 36, 219, 

37, 12, 84, 85, 88, 116, 123, «34-«36» 45. H'l »4a. 
Morales, Luis de (Span, officer) : hostile to Salcedo, 37, 59. 
Morales, Luis de, S.J.: life and labors, 38, 84, 39, 232, 48, 147, 49, 268, 51, 50, 51; 

letter by, 4 J, 44-46. 
Morales, Luisa de: her daughter, aj, 225. 
Morales, Pedro de: signs Jes. petition, 36, 45. 
Morales, Pedro Sotelo (Cotclo). See Sotelo de Morales. 
Morales, Rodrigo de (sec. priest) : engages in trade, 8, 256. 
Morales Camacho, Luis de (Span, official): hostile to Salcedo^ 37, 263; searches 

ranch, 4a, 224; facsimile of signature, 9, 2x3. 
Morales y Prieto, Rafael: cited, 5a, 160. 

Morales y Santistevan, Maria Luisa Josephs de: second marriage, 48, X38. 
Morales de Valenzuela, Juan de (Span, officer): app. sarg.-may., 37, 269; ambassa- 
dor to Borneo, 39, X90, 41, 315, 3x6, 4 J, X84. 
Moran de la Cueva, Josefa (wife of Bolivar) : arrested and banished, 39, 136, 233. 

236; death, 271. 
Morante, Maria (lady in waiting) : marriage, 4 J, 291. 
Morantes, Francisco (interpreter) : official act, 5, 189-X9X. 
Moratalla, Juan de, O.P.: martyred, 31, 199. 
Moratay (vill. in Cilolo) : destroyed, a8, 102. 

Moratta (£ng. rendering for Malate [q.v,] ) : Brit, occupy, 49, X4, 48. 
Morcillo Rubio de Aunon, Diego (abp. of Lima) : his confessor, 31, 3xa 
Morcillo, Juan Rodriguez. See Rodriguez Morcillo. 
More, Maj. — (Brit officer): his division, 49, 84; orders sent to, 85; takes part 

in assault of Manila, 98; slain, 71, 99, xoi. 
More, Henry (Eng. sailor) : carries present to sultan in Mindanao, 39, 56. 
Mor6, Quirico, S.J.: at Libuac, 43, 244; letter by, x8, 95, X93-2XX, 280. 



6l4 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Morcjon 

Morej6n (Morejon), Pedro de, S.J.: life and labon^ 18, sis, aa, 140^ X4I9 tt% M4t 
173. 

Morelos, Juan, O.S.A.: app. friar, 49, 193. 

Moreno, Juan, S.J.: labors in Mindanao, 47, a4S, 48, 149. 

Moreno, Frandtoo Javier (oidor) : depotiti funds of 80c. Eoon., 51, 38. 

Moreno, Pedro, OJ^.: martsrred, 31, 199. 

Moreno, Sebastian, O.S^: labors among Zambals, 48, 93, 93. 

Moreno Criado^ Alf. Juan (Span. o£Bcer): apptmt as lieut warden, 99, 937; ser- 
vices and salary, 337. 

Moreno Donoso, Capt Frandsoo (Span, oflker): services oonunendcd, 19, 151 ; in 
Japan, 31, 2$$^ a56. 

Moreno Donoso, Capt Luis: commands ship, 17, 117. 

Morenos (appellation of various people of color) : term defined, 49, 58, 44, 99; re- 
side in Manila, 49, 186; dark-skinned, 44, 37; hosp. wards for, 47, 171; use 
Chin, steelyards^ 183. See also Creoles. 

Morer, Geronimo, O.P.: labors in Babuyan Is., 35, 45. 

Morert, Raphael, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 31. 

Moret, Segismundo (Span, colon, minister): hb attempts at seculariiation of edu- 
cation, 45, 163-165, 50, i4it 5a» i99« 

Morga, Dr. Antonio de (official in Span, colon.): his offices and apptmts., i, 37, 

9t 14. «54» «5^-«59. x«. a57, ««f «^«f 74* ^40-14^ i57t «7S. a3<H a43f H^t H^i 
»S^ a53t ia» "7. xa«f ^Ht X5» 7^ xSSi "^ a«7t aS4» i^t a75f I9t X95i 3a» 60; 
asks apptmt, 11, 339; refuses Tello's apptmt, 340; arrives in PhiL (iS9S)f 9> 
154, 19, 333, 334, 15, 77; accompanied by Jes., I9, 333, 334; presents decree, 9, 
>5^> 159; takes office and oath of office, 155, 157, 159, i6a^ 10, 138; salary, 9, 158; 
duties and privileges, 156-158, 17, 93; authority indefinite, 9, 370; his residence 
in PhiL, 10, 360, 15, 39; official acts, 9, 187, 10, 398, 300^ 301, 303, 304, 307, 
3x0-313, II, 33-34, 36-39, 31, 33, 35, 37, 58, 65, 74; expels Chin, from Manila, 
9, 366; in poor health, 373; asks to be relieved of office in PhiL, 19, 373, 10, 97, 
II, 16, 356; suspends work on Jes. coll., 45, 103; opposes Cambodian exped., 15, 
83; advises Mindanao ezped., 14, 171; tries to avoid responsibility, 11, 337, 338; 
present to, 15, x6o, 349; approves reestablishment of Aud., 10, 10^ 37; his negotia- 
tions with Misericordia, 47, 33; helps receive seal, 10, 133; takes residendas, 
3x3; attends treas. meetings, 313; his battle with Noordt (x6oo), and attendant 
circumstances, 11, 140-186, 193-195, 198, 338-333, 343-346, 351-356, 305, 306, 308- 
3x0^ 13, xx6-xx8, 15, 31, 305-337, 306, 17, 388, 18, 339, 97, X91; investigation 
by, II, 333; forges letters, 349; suits brought against, 350; asks roy. pardon, 306; 
sends doc. to king, 311; attends council, I9, 31; frees Chin, servant, 96; sends 
copy of inspection to council, 13, 339 ; should be responsible for debts incurred in 
Mindanao exped., 14, 17, 171; length of service in PhiL, i, 37; transferred to 
Mex., 19, 16, 13, 304, 16, x3, 37 (see also above, apptmts.) ; sketch, 15, 34, 35; 
facsimile of signature, 16, 308; characterized, I, 37, il, x6; poor, 9, 373; cow- 
ardly, II, 344, 345; popular, 15, 3x3; complaints against, and by, 9, 19, 370, 
371, 10, 183-X85, II, 15, 134, 335-350; praised, 10, 45, II, 336, 308, 15, 336, 
337; his enemies, 9, 270, 10, 45, 11, 17, 18, 309, 3x0; hostile to Tello, 11, 13, 123; 
Tello favors, 123; friend to Machuca, lox; member of Misericordia, 47, 37; his 
family, 9, 19, 373, 10, 353, 13, 185, 16, 14X, 45, 350; letters to and by, 9, 14, 
15, 18, 19, HS-^6o, 363-373, 338, 10, 10-14, 16, 35-37, 53-i3«i ««3-«85. »lt xSt 
14, 173-190^ 351-356, 305, 306, 309-3", 3X«» la, X4, 76-79, 333, 15, 17, 33, 104- 
1x6, X34, X35, 136-160^ 169-180^ 348, 349, 16, 377, 40, 309; letters cited, 9, 155, 



Moros] INDEX 615 

a63» 371, 10, 2$, II, a43, I3t 304; inttrucdoiiB to^ 11, 13, 14, 143-145; inttruc- 
dons by, 14, 145*148 ; his commission, 348, 349. See also Books. 

Morga, Capt Antonio de (Span, officer, son of preceding) : obtains fellowship at S. 
Jos6, 13, 185, 16^ 14Z, 45, 103, 350; conmiands company, 33, 331. 

Moriones y Murillo^ Domingo (gov. of Phil., 1877-80): apptmt by, 45, 166; reor- 
ganizes Sta. Potendana, 305; praises friars, 53, 165; sketch, 17, 309. 

Moriscos (later appellation for Moors in Spain) : expelled from Spain, 33, 39, 30, 

39f 40. 30, 77f 45, 77f 7«- 

Moro, Lucas de el, OJP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 

Moron (Morones), Juan de (conquistador, capt, and sarg.-may.): accompanies 
Goiti, 3, 73; left ashore at Manila, 96; arrested, 310, 34, 33, 369; Mirandaola 
accompanies, 310; regidor of Manila, 5, 81; app. by crown, 303; app. gen., 16, 
341; commends Sanchez, 6, 38, 378; conmiands exped. against Moluccas^ 15, 61, 
16,343,353, 37, 189; praised, 34f 2$, 368, 369; acts as witness, 3, 106; signs docs., 
6, 330, 340^ 346, 7, 304; his encomienda, 8, 103, 34, 309; report by (1586), 6, 37, 

a75-a78, 325. 
Morong (Moron, M6rong, vilL and dist in Luz6n): pop. (1583), 5, 89; status^ 8, 
117, 38, 303; dist namedfromvill.,38, 300; when dist created, 300; surrounded by 
infidels, 36, 174; Fran, in, 38, 146, x68, 301, 35i 280^ 3x1, 3x7, 36, 1x4; Rec. in, 

38, X43, X74, 300-303, 343, 347, 4h «5i «3«f 00. of schools in (X893), 46, 101. 
MOROS*: I THE PEOPLE AS A WHOLE 

MoRos (Moors, Morillos) in General — 

HaHtai, etc.: application and extension of term, 3, 307, 3, 3x0, 300^ 43, 143; 
inhab. of Luz6n wrongly called, 3, X4X, 34, 30^ 376; inhab. of Mindoro resemble, 
33, 333; Tagabaloes are not^ 34, X76; Siamese merchant called, 33, X39; Bilans 
superior to, 43, 339; extent, 4, X3x; various peoples of, named, 356 (see also be- 
low, the various peoples) ; most peaceful branches, 387 ; worst branches, 387 ; best 
classification of, 53, 343; source for study of, x6x, x63; habitat (mainly in Phil.), 
3, 60^ X43, 307, 3x0^ 300^ 4, 68, X44, xso^ 5, 63, 9, "5, 163, l6, 34X, 33, 308, 37, 
5X, 359, 367, 357» a8, 336, 39, 38x, 33, 207, 335, 363, 34, ao, X90, 335, 389, 36, 
X05, 43, i93f X97t X98, 353, 368, 383, 384, 44, 63, 51, a8, 63; number, 15, X93, 
X94, 16, 34X, 34, 190^ 35f xio, 43» X97, X98, 353, 46, 48; immigration laws against, 
not enforced, 44, X5, 134. Language - Sanskrit in, 36, X98; its genius, 43, 367; 
song in, 365, 366; letter, 4, 393-394; words, 48, 44, 173, 5I1 196. Characteristics - 
physical, 3, 333, 3, 60, 16, X34, 37, 348, 43* xxo; mental (positive), 3, xx6, 306, 
37, 386, 334, 39, X20-X34, X3o^ 34, 333, 393. 43, 364, 49, 334; mental (negative; 
at times with instances of characteristics portrayed), 3, 69-7X, xx8, 210, 227, 15, 
368, 16, 64, 19, 3x7, 33, X5, 37, 3x7, 26X, 273, 397, 350, 353, 356, 38, 48, 350b 360, 

39, 84, 95, XX9-X3X, X36, X37, X53-X54, 35, xx, X5, 87, xo3, X83, X84, 41, 28, X09, 
300, 307, 3x7, 3x9, 43, X94-X97, X99, 304, 305, 309, 3X0^ 36x, 364, 365, 44, 7^ 
46, 37. 48, 5x, 47, a44t HS* 4«, «7i. 198, X99, 302, 3x6, 330^ 355, 49, 13, 80, 
33, 5Xf a7- 

^ Appellation of Mahometan Malayan peoples. The term "Moro" is applied 
incorrectly by old writers in various docs, in several of the vols, of our series, 
namely, vols, m (especially pp, 7S'I04, and in several following does, on the or- 
cupaHon and conquest of Luzdn), vr, y, xiv, and Toau, to the inhab, of Mindoro 
and Lwt6n (Manila), because they had adopted in part the Mahometan faith. 
Those of Manila, at least, were Tagdlogs, and will be found indexed under FUi- 
pinos: Tagdlogs, 



6l6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Moros 

MoROs: L The People ab a Whole (coodnatd) — 

Sociai life and custowui daitct among, 43, 904; lUvciy smong; 3* aos, 43fl 
340, 286; race of tfaierei^ 341; degenerate race, 356; demoraliied by opium, 154. 
Food -do not eat pork, 3, 60; eat pork, 310; eat lest than Chin^ 6, 269; suffer 
famine, 38, 48; placed at grave, 43, 359; not fond of meat^ 96^ Dreit, 3, 333, 
z6, 77, 33, 30, 43, 364; dje teeth, 364; headdreit, M64. Houiet, 37, 387; grain- 
fields, 393; use horses, 4, 66; use porcelain, 3, 68; their ships and fleets, 15, 193, 
194, 18, 349, 27, 319, 363, 368, 370^ 373, 333, 347, 351, 39, 93, 97, 117, 119, 41. 
Ill, 383, 3x3. 

Weapons, 3, 68, 69, 3, 113, 160^ 301, x6, $$, 37, 3i8-33o^ 361, 365, 366, 377, 
380^ 38x, 285, 291, 394, 395, 353, 353, 357, 39, 1x9, 131, 135, 139, 3x8, 31, a$o^ 

33. aa» 207, 35, 291, 393, 43, X95, 48, 3«» 43» 44, 5 if X97; PH. learn to cast 
artillery from, 3, x6o; possess artillery, 4, 76; skilled in arms, 66, 16, $$; return 
stolen artillery, 38, 60; fear firearms, 39, X63; lack artillery, 34, 399; capture 
artillery, 50, 44, 45; firearms sold to^ 51, 6x; use poison, 3, 69, 39, 135, 43, ao8, 
46, 43; armor, 3, 69, 37, 367 (see also below. Warfare, etc.). 

Occupations - trade and barter, x, xxo^ 3, ix6-xx8, 133, 141, 143, 148, 156, 
x86, 187, 307, 309, 3iOb 339, 338, 3, iSa, aox, 304, 6, 6x, 18, 143, 33, 30^ ^7, $Sh 

34. 19, ao3, 303, 399, 41, aS, a77f S«9» 44, 7*. 7S» 5X, 6x, 397; demand high rate 
of interest, 6, 6x; destroy com., 49, 39; com'l treaties embolden, 51, 397; ex- 
changes estab. among; 53, 35X; piracy, 3, 3x0^ X3, ix, xoa, x8, 9, X3, 17, 79, 
X04, X05, 185, x86, 34, 35, 46, X3, 34, 48, 339 (see also Pirates, above. Char- 
acteristics, and below. Warfare, etc.); rowers, 6, 63; agric, etc^ 37, 363, 393, 
43, 301; senrices urged for agric, 53, 43; fishing, 43, 159, 304; fishing stim- 
ulated among, 53, 351; hunting, 43, 303; metal workers^ 4, xoo^ xoi, 43, 37a 
Method of reckoning time, 43, 263, 264; women and girls, 37, 386, 355, 38, 5X, 
56, 35, 292, 43, 264, 44, 98; marriage and marriage customs, 34, 303, 333, 38, 
67, 43, a57-a59; concubinage, 46, 46, 47, 48, x6o^ x66; divtNrce frequent, 3i, 
3xx; practice circumcision, 3, 60^ 7, 69, 16, X34; mortuary customs, 31, 308. 

Religion - Mahometans, and propagate Mahometanistp, 3, X56, X87, 3, X43, 
1^5* 4, 150^ 5, 83, 235, 33, 3x6, 33, 227, 350^ 43, 356; slightly trained in Ma- 
hometanism, 3, 60; believe in one God, 38, 349; infidels, 43, 355; lax in religion, 
256, 357; their heavens and hells, 363, 363; various rel. offidab or ministers, 16, 
«3S, 40, X37, 43, ao4, ««>, 357-359, 362-364, 4«, 47» «49, «^ «^«; mosques, 17, 
2^5, 37, ^^9, 3^3, 388, 393, 333, 35x; sacred places, 37, 330^ 39, X19, X30^ 384 
(see also Capes: Punta de Flechas) ; rel. ceremonies, 37, 3x7-3x9; sacrifices, 3, 

43, 37, 361, 3x9, 320, 35, 3x6, 43, 248, 349, 364; prevent reduction of heathen, 
>53, >54; method of worship, 360; prayers, 260^ 36x; various beliefs and supers 
stitions, 31, 303, 304, 307, 33x, 233, 40, X38, 43, 36X-263 ; hermita profese celibacy, 

44, 93* 

Contact with Christianity- hate Chris., 41, 3x8, 48, X49, 50, 330; diflficult to 

convert, 33, x6x, 38, X36; rel. labor among, 17, X39, 34, X2, 46, 37, 357, 38, 
62, 36, 45; Jes. inspire Corcuera to conquer, 35, 98; seek rel. instruction, 44, 99; 
attitude of rel. toward, 49, 334, 335; treatment of rel., churches, etc, 3i, X57, 
2x8, 33, 298, 34, X63, 35, X7, 87, X99, 36, X30, 266, 267, 37, 2x6, 358, 363, 386, 
320, 32X, 336, 348, 38, 90^ 97, 98, X02, 345, 39, 4X, xx8, X3X, 31, 15«» 35, 6x, 
88, 29X, 41, XXX, X20, X2X, X25, 225, 328, 44, 7*1 8^» »25, 47, 2Z0, 283, 284, 49. 
^ 33S, 51, 313; conversion and baptism among, i, 34, 33, 185, 37, 356, 39, 
xo^ x6, 43, X49, X58, X73, X99, 35, 3x6, 3i7. 36, X43, 38, X36-X38, 41, a9, 3«5» 
44, 36, 68, 98; piety of converts, 17, 363; request baptism, 39, x3o, 148; many 



Moros] INDEX 617 

tdll to coDvert, 36, 266; few oonyertedi 43t ^6; apotuisr of oonrerti, 4^, 29, 
315; learn bapdim from Chrit^ 43, 357 (tee alto Jet^ and Re&). Featti, a, 68, 
39, laS, 43, ao9, a 10^ 357-361 ; dances, 359, 373 ; music and musical instruments, 
a, 68, 35, 393, 43, 359, 363, 365, 366, 48, 43. Sickness and method of treatment, 
43> >59> ^^h 2^2 ! mortuary customs and beliefs, 359, 360. 

Government -lack of govt, or authority among, 48, 149, 171, 173; have feudal 
S3rstem, 51, 87; trib. paid to, 43, 303, 304, 383; hope to recover lost power, 306; 
rule pagan tribes, 310 (see below. Relations with other peoples and nations) ; 
gain control of India (Arab Moros, see Arabs), 40, 307; sultans, 43, 166, 43, 
196, 46, 4^. 47f 47, 244, HSf 48, 149, ^7^1 rajahs, 173; chiefs and datos, 3, 197, 
4, 185, 16, 157, «65, 31, ax8, 37, a99f ««, 5*, ^9, "49, 43, 204, 20$, 353, 353, 
365, 48, 149, 166; pangaran, 46, 46; other officials, 4, 339, 16, 157, 50, 33; 
ambassadors, 37, 396, 397, 34, 397, 398, 49, 183, 185 (see also Ambassadors) ; 
object to vill. life, 43, 198; condition of their vill., 198; various rancherias of, 
301-303; Ask reduction, 353, 353; difficult to reduce, 383, 383; method of detect- 
ing theft^ 338, 339; feuds among, 44, 73. 

H^ or fare, etc, (see above. Social life and customs: Weapons): forts and forti- 
6cations, 6, 70, 37, 265. 366, 377, 378, 381, 384, 385, 387, 393, 333, 353, 38, 35, 
43, 47, 39, ia4. «47» 164, 4 If 3*1, 5©, 34, 51, 19^, 5*, 343 (•«« »l«o Mil: Forts) ; 
method of warfare, 43, 264, 365; mode of conducting sieges, 48, 38-43, 49; lay 
ambuscades, 37, 370^ 376, 39, 153, 163; prefer death to captivity, 37, 386, 334, 
• 39, I30, X34, X3a 

Raids, piracies, and depredations by (against both natives and Span.), 3, 3i<H 
4, x$i, X53, X54, «59» X7«» 23^, 6, I3, 83, 183, 9, i9<f «I, 238, 239, a66, 393-30X, 
303, 13, II, 33, 39-41, x<»f X34-XS7, 13, 17, 49, 146-148, 14, 18, 15, 19^-19^1 ao9. 
365-367, 16, 317, 17, 388, 393, 18, 9, 13, 17, 33, 79, 104, 105, 116, 174, 17s, ««5- 
187, 396, 397, 331, 333, 19, 9, «8, 67, 68, 198, 305, 315-318, 333-335, 31, 307, 
309, 3«3, S«^, 33. 10^ 13, 14, 39, 89, 90, ii6, 117, 133, 133, 303-306, 3i6, 396- 
398, 303, 33, 18, 359, 34, 14, as, 35-37, 97, X03-104, 138, 139, 14a, «43, 3*9, ^5, 
16, 86, 105, 153-156, 199, 36, 385, 37, 15, 315-336, 358, 314-3x6, a8, 100, 39, 
14, 34, 31, X16, 135, 143, x6o, 300^ 373, 35, XO-I3, 63, 87, 89, 91, ixo^ iii, 315. 
3x6, 36, X4, X44, X46, X48, X49, x7S-x8o^ 37, X3, x^, B^* 2x5, 40, 4X, X34, 399, 
41, 14, i8, 31, 33, 37-39, 103, 106-XX4, I30-X35, 173, 180, i8i, 184, 314, 333, 338, 
243, 273, a75, a77-3a4, 43, 285, 44, 69, 151, 163, 165, 166, 46, 13, 34, 37, x3o, 
X25, 47, 24^ 48. 9, X3, X4, 37-51, 153, 158, 163-164, 167, 191, 199, 304, 3o6, 318, 
330^ 333, 354, 355, 38o^ 383. 49, 28, 39, 33, 187, 3x8. 3x9, 337, 333, 337, 338, 50, 
10^ IX, 13, 32, 34, 47, SSt 56, 63, 68, 91, 93, 330, 331, 51, X7, 37, 38, 37, 48, 49, 
196-198, 335, 363. 364, 5a, 49, 90^ 334, 340* 53, 39; abandon piracy, 5a, 353; 
Duao safe from, 354 (see also Pirates). 

Their captives and treatment of them, x8, x6, 105, x83, 34, 14, 105, 37, 330, 
333, 383, 386, 396. 346, 38, 51, 53, 39. 94, 95, 98, X17, 133, 35, 87, 3x6, 41, 283, 
310^ 46, 37, 47, 83, 49, 40, 50, 34, 51, 36, 37, 53, 16 (see also above. Social life 
and customs: Contact with Christianity); captives sold to, 13, 135; as captives, 
3, 183, 6, 15, 57, 58. 19, X9, 264, 37, 270, 334, 355, 38, 35, 39, 10, X5, 199,33, 35X, 
41. 384, 399, 3x4; take and divide booty, 37, 3x7, 357, 347, 349, 39, 154, 41, 
309; their losses, 15, 195, 196, 37, 390, 334, 39, i3o, 139, 133; throw their 
wounded overboard, 48, 43; various miscellaneous mentions, 10, 6x, 11, 9, 15, 
305, 19, 19, 33, 97, 37, 27X, 31, X75, 41, 333, 43, 357, 43, X93, 194, 199, 46, 
48, 48, 51, 49, 13, 43, 51, 196. See also Corralat, and below. Relations with other 
peoples and nations (especially with Span.)* 



6l8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Moros 

MoROs: I. Tas People ab a Whole (coDtimied) — 

Relations with other peoples and nations: with Span. -aid them in variout waya, 
I, 34, 14, 13X, 39, 152, ai8; hottilitiet, 3, 16, xx6, ao^ 30X, 30a, 30S, 1S3, aio» 
4, 69, 70, ia6, 9. i8i-x88, 195. X9^. a^S-a^St a?^ a77» a8i-a98, 10, 9f 4Xt 4^ 49» 
53-74. i^«» i^9» a«4. a«5» ai9-aa6, 11, I35-Z39* as^. aS7. «5» a3» «9-93» 9$-«oo. 
190-193, 195, 196, 340-243, 864-372, 16, 54, 56, 247, 270-274, 317, 17, 29X, 29$- 
301. 307, 3X0^ 3x7, 18, X16, X39, x86, 30$, 19, 224, 225, 33, 116-119, 207-axo, ai8, 
224, 393-a95> 33, 87, 88, 98, xx2, 34, 143-14S1 i^3-««5. ^, a«^ ^7. I4» IS. ««. 
5X, 7X, 2x5-226, 253-305, 3x9-3*5. 34^-359. »«. io> ^S. 4X-^3. ^9. 14. x$. X7. X9. 
28-30^ 32, 36, 43, 44, 60, 86-xox, XX6-X36, X4X-X66, 198-200^ 873-275, 31. *5^ 34. 
20, 232, 233, 35. 89, 93. xox, xxo^ XXX, 36, X26, 267, 41. 17. *«. xx*. xx3. ««$. 
«38. «S5. a77, a7«. ^83, 284, a86, 293, 294, 296, 299, 305-309. 3«4» 3«9. 3a«f 43. 
X85, 202, 206, 265, 285, 44. 63, 69, 70, X62. 166, 46, 3«-43. 48. 5a. 53. 47. lao, 
48, X70^ 49, 23, 28-30, 50, xo, 34, 38. 40, 43, 45-47, 55, 56, 62, 64, 69, 70* 74. 
86, 87, X09, X82, x86, X89, X95, $1, X2, X3, 25-38, 50, 58, 59, 62, X89, 190^ 196-198, 
2x5, 53, 66, 72, 208, 2x5, 3x5 (tee also abore. Warfare, etc); enslayemcnt of 
Mor., ditcuiied and executed, 3, 156, X87, 6, 15, 57, 58, 17, 187, 296, 331, 18, 
26, 33X, 33, X34, 34, X4, X04, 34. »o, 2x, 232, 233, 336, 337, 35. 66, 67, 41. a«4; 
treaties and peace negotiadont, 14, X3, 37, 396, 397, 41, 397, 46, 38, 51, 61, 63; 
envojrs, 31, X64, 37, 396, 397, 49, x83, X85; offer and pay trib., 37, 396, 38, 63, 
39, X52; advisable method of dealing with, 43, axo^ 48, 330, 333, 333, 355; 
various other mentions, 16, 59, 17, 3x7, x8, X43, 33, 154, 15 5, 36, 387, 37, 363, 

a99, 349, 39. 152, 173. 40, 99. 41. ^78. 47. ««. 5a, 7*. 156. 183; with Port, 3, 
355, 266, 367, 4, 335; with Chin^ 3, 4X, 206, ii, 56, 13, 279; with various native 
peoples (mainly in Phil.), 3. z6o, 3x0^ 4, X98, 222, 14, x8, x6, 6x, 63, 3x7, x8, 
x6, 78, X82, 38, 327, 34. ao3, 36, 199. 4©, 289, 41, x4o, $11, 43. i99. aoo^ 303, 
207, 208, 2x0, 239, 277, 278, 280-283, 299, 44, 66, 67, 49. 34. 40* 178. 50, 63, S2X 
(see also the various native peoples) ; feared in Camboja, 9, X63; aid Chin., 14, 
134; relations with Dutch, 13, 4X, x6, 64, 18, X85-X87, 19, X7, 285, 30, 31, 32, 

33, 299. 300, 33, 96, 37, X03, 39. 94, X34. 41, 297; with Eng., 13, 41, 49. 13. 4*, 
43, 307, 50, XX, 44, 45; besiege Malacca, 33, 97; threaten Amer., 43, x6a 

II THE MORO TRIBES 
Camucones (Camutones, Camuzones) — 

Description, etc.: habitat, 13, X02, x8, 79, 33, X33, 39, 142, 41, 323, 43, X56; a 

wretched people, 13, xoa; insignificant alone, 37, 358; become powerful, 39, 98; 

characteristics, 18, 79, 33, X32, X33, 34, X38, 35, X54, X56, 38, 87, 39, 98, 38, 

34. 35, 41, 323, 333; have no fixed dwellings, 33, X33; dress, 296; weap- 
ons, X32, 296, 3S, 34, 35; boats, 30, X50^ 33, X33, X34, 34, 98, 99, 37, 3x5, 

37, 280, 41, 323, 43, X56; Mahomeuns and heathens, 41, 323, 43, X56; Aug. put 
to flight, 34, 97; kill and menace rel., X38, 35, 93, 38, 87, 41, 3x8, 44, 74. 

Relations with other peoples and nations: raids and depredations by, 17, 320, 

18, 79, 31, 225, 33, X5, 23, 89. X32, X33, 202, 296-298, 303, 33, 2x9, 34, 97, «39, 
25, i54-»56, 36, 285, 37, X7, 314-316, 346, 38, 93, 39, X3. 98, 200, 20X, 35, ia4. 
286, 287, 37. 277, a8o, 38, 22, 32, 41, 283, 322, 323, 4a, X56, 184, 44, 75. 51. 
303; cease raids in Phil., 41, 322; behead enemies and captives, 35, X54, X56, 

38, 87; capture Chin., 11, X2x; hostilities with Span., I3, xo2, 31, X63, 33, X5, 

19. 95. 133, «34. aoa. ai6, 34, 98, 99, «38, X39, 209, 329, 35, 93. ^7. 39. 3H-3t6. 

39, 10, 31, 35, 99, 36, 98, 207, 41. 29, 322-324 (see also above. Raids) ; captured 
by inbab. of Batain, 35, X55; raided by Joloans, 37, 226, 3x6; allied with Bor- 



Moros] INDEX 619 

Deans, 300; condemned to galleyt, 315, 39, 100; capdvet mutiny, 35; allied with 
Mindanao!, 9S, xi8, 46, 43. 
JOLOANS (Jol6ans, Soolooans, Soolooi, Suluanot» Suing, Suluget, Sului^ Xoloans, 
Moro inhab. of it. of J0I6) — 

Origin, etc.: origin and habitat, 9i, 349, 39, 14a, 33» 324t 40, 126, 130^ 31a, 
43, 160, 173, 49, 31, 34y 4a; abandon Jold, 4, 397, 398; settle in Borneo, 300; 
worst of all, Mor., 43, 387; small in numbers, 40, 109; importance, X09; words 
in their lang., 4, 398; many speak Span^ 298, 43f x6o; characteristics, 33, 87, 98, 

35f X55t aSf 47f 29, i5t 9$f 36, 73, 40, 137, 133-138, 15$, 43, 149, 160-163, I7«f 
179, i8iy x86; practice circumcision, 40, 133, 43, 187. 

SmcI life and customs i food, 43, 164, 165; famine among, 4, 398, 300^ 39, 160; 
abstain from pork, 40, 133; dress, 4, 398, 33, 306, 43, 150^ 151, 163, 163; color 
teeth, 151; pluck out beards, 163; houses, 40, 138, 43, 147, 148, 150; water craft, 
30, 150^ 33, 307, 308, 34, 143, 43, 146; weapons, 4, aA ^5t 241, 342, 33, 99. 
34, 164, 38, $5, 40, 178, 43, 147. 148-150^ 156, 160^ 161, X83; go armed, 166; 
forts, 34, X45, 37, 336, 38, 57, 58. Occupations - trading, 34, 142, 43, x68, 169, 
51, 85; use wts. and meas^ 43, 170; formerly hospitable to traders, 171; piracy, 
40, X30 (see Pirates, and below. Relations with other people and nations, raids) ; 
fishing, 4, X76, 337 (pearls), 43, 146, 147, 165; smithing, 156; nse carrjring chairs, 
38, 55; their beasts of burden, 43, 161; their saddles, i6x; daily routine, 164, 
165; social equality among, 163; slavery among, 33, 3x0^ 40, 155, 48, 51; many 
brawls among, 43, z66; use Datura to excite murderous frenzy, 48, 133; women 
and children, 15, 341, x6, 56, 38, 58, 43, 163; have games^ 164; love art and 
music, 165; dread smallpox, 187; esteem tombs, 33, 209. 

Religion, etc - converted to Mahometanism, 43, x6o, 173, 174; poor Mahom- 
etans, 187; pandita, 47, 247; mosque, 33, 294, 295; sacrifices, 40, 132, 135, 136; 
omens and oaths, 132-134; serve demons, 44, 71; Fil. accept beliefs from, 43, 
ixx; miss's needed among, 36, 63, 64; hostility toward miss., 33, 2x9, 41, X04, 
X06, X07, 44, 7a. 47, 68, 247; converts, 44, 12, 71. 

Government, etc - dominant people of Jold, 43, x6o; oligarchy, x6s; force 
rules, z66; factions among, 49, 185; king or sultan, 17, 321, 37, 298, 38, 5X, 53, 
54, 40, 154, X5S, 43, X50^ X5x; chiefs (datos, caciques), 31, 249, 33, 205, 39, 
76, 43, 165, z66; nobility, 40, 3x2, 48, X65, X7x; timaguas, 4, 30X, Ruma Be- 
chara, 43, 164, X65, z68-x70^ z8o^ i8x; condition of freemen, x66. 

Relations with other peoples and nations: raids, depredations, etc, by, 4, X76, 
«3, 33, 39-4X, 15, 192, 16, 63, 383, 17, 330, 18, X04, 331. 33, 89, 203-306, 303, 
304, 33, 359, 360, 34, X39, X43, 35, X05, 36, 385, 37, 326, 38, 93, 39, 13, 34, 
375, 35, 124, 36. X40, X46, 40, 3"» 41, 104, «o6, X07, 283, 3x3, 43, X40^ 44, XS', 
283, 46, 40, 44, a40, 265, 48, X52, 230^ 50, 33; captured by Cebuans, 4, 236; 
use Chin, goods, 237; relations with Port, 3, X97. 

With Spaniards - desire to be vassals of Spain, 3, 197; become vassals, 37, 298; 
hostile to, and hostilities, 4, 175, 2x9, 11, 17, 303, I3, 76, 15, X32, X33, x9o^ 240- 
243, «6, 56, 17. 250^ 309, 19. 67, 68, 33, X9, 23, XX7, 203, 204, 206, 209, 2xo» 293- 
a9S» 33, 87, 88, 34, X5, x6, X42, X43, X45, X63, X64, X70^ 209, 329, 37, 39, ^5. 
326, 38, xo^ 23, 36, 4X-63, 84, 97, 39, xx8, X42, X52-X55, X58, X60, x6x, x66, X97, 
256, 35, 65, 36, X47, 207, 38, X36, 40, X07, X08, X79, x8o^ 41, 28, XX2, 285, 286, 
324, 46, 44, 48, xs8, 49, 3«i 50, 44, 51, 5©, 53, 252, 253; peace, and peace 
negotiations, 4, X44, 236, 297, 37, 2x5, 2x6, 35, I5, X83, 40, X33, 41, 294, 49, 338, 
50, 55, 51, X3, 6x; Sande's policy toward, 4, X75, X76; chiefs summoned, 300; 



620 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Moros 

Moitos: II. Thb Moro Tubbs (condnncd) — 

apportioned to encomendero^ 15, 13a; captivet, 93, 8S, 99| 43, 15a, 156, i60| 
X97, 41. 285, 48, 165, 171; in Manila, 34, 142, 143, 44> «9; » Zamboanga, 37, 
225; lold as slaves, 39, 135, 138; pay trib., 4, 298, 301, 39, 199; Span, aid, 43, 
179; money paid to^ 47, 247 (see also abore. Raids). 

With other Mor. peoples, 4, 175, xo, 65, xx, 295, 33, 211, 37, 215, 226, 315, 
316, 38, 47, 39, 95, 9«, 100, 118, i66, 40, 130^ Its, 41, 3x6, 3«7, 43. as^. 46, 

43, 45, 46; with Fil., 34, 177, 38, 62, 40, 120^ 127, 43, iii, 49, 42; hostile to moun- 
taineers, 43, 167. 

Relations with other peoples, Dutch, 30, 32, 35, 234, 37, 13, 167, 168, 4X, 
106, 295; early Amer. acct of, 43, 128; sell curiosities to Amer., 160; with Eng., 

49, 4<, <55, 50, 43, 45, ^9* 8^ «lso P^l* ^' J0I6. 
LuTAOs (Litaos, Ltoos, Lutsjra) — 

Habitat, etc: meaning of term, 40, 104; tribe identified, 100; habitat, 4, 284, 
36, 59, 40, 100, 104, IDS, XII, 44, 62; live on sea, 40, 104, 123, 124; leave Zam- 
boanga, 4X, 315; resemble Mor., 40, 3x5; pop. (1655), 36, 59; language, 40, 
124, 285. 44, 87; characteristics, 36, 59, 3«, "3, 40, 105-108, 158, i6o^ 165, 3x5, 
41, 321, 44, 73. 

Social life and customs: mode of life, 5, 61; practice circumdnon, 41, 321; 
use wine, 40, 168; abstain from pork, 4X, 321; dress and ornaments, 40, 124, 
165, x68, 169, X75, X76, 3x5; houses, 104; cushions, 169, 170; ships^ 39, 144, 40, 
104, X06, 124, X71-174; weapons and armor, 38, 126, 40, 75-179; all carry weap- 
ons, 174; expert marksmen, 179; method of attack in war, xo6-xo8; wage war, 
through greed, xo6, 171; delight in war, 3x5. 

Occupations -fishing, 33, 208, 40, 105; rowers, 36, 59; trade, 40, 105, xo6; 
skilful sailors, X05, 106; shipbuilding, X05, 171; make embroidered cushions, 170; 
Slavery among, 39, X99, 40, x66. Women and girls, 39, 199, 40, x6o, x68, 169; 
marriage and marriage customs, X67-X7X; feasts, x68; dances, x68; music, x68; 
mortuary customs, x 65-167. 

Religion - Mahometans and atheists, 4, 284, 4X, 321; panditas, 44, 90; sacri- 
fices, 40, x66; miss, work, etc., among, 37, 293, 38, 94, 39, 199, 36, 57, 38, X09, 
ixo» X2x, 133, 40, 166, 41, 3«a, 3«5, 44, ^9, 8?, 90, 9*; ne«<i »>••*•, 36, 63, 64. 

Government -chief people in Mindanao, 40, 105, xo8, 109, xxx, 122, 156, 157; 
subject to Dapitans, 1x5; kings and chiefs, 39, 144, 38, X36, 40, x66. 

Relations vnth other peoples and nations: raids and piracies, 38, X08-IX3, x2i- 
127, 40, 158; relations with Span., Ii, 292, 294, 298, 37, 2x7, 39, 144, 165, 38, 
X2, 100, 40, X26, 41, 298, 3x2, 44, 78; with various native peoples, 38, X08-1X3, 
I2X-X27, 40, X05, xo8, X09, xxx, XX5, X22, X26, X56, 157, x6o, 3x5, 41, 304, 
31X, 3x2, 32X. 
MiNDANAOS (Magindanaos, Magindano, Ma^ndanoer, Magindaos, Maguindanaos, 
Mindanayans, Mindanaons, appellation of warlike Mahometan tribes of Rio 
Grande of Mindanao) — 

Origin, etc.: origin, 40, 3x3; habitat, 37, 259, 40, xoo, X03, X04, 31X, 3x3, 43, 
X99; flee to mts. and abandon vill., 4, 232, 235, 26X, 262, 272; reside in Manila, 

44, 29; pop., 35, X06; characteristics, 4, X79, 232, 248, 9, 285, 290, 292, 31, 208, 
209, 23, xx6, 34, X03, 35, X55, 37, 2x7-2x9, 38, 340, 39, 9X, 34, 216, 37, a??, 
39, 23, 24, 27, 28, 35. 37, 59, 7X, 77, 4X, X23; practice circumcision, 39, 35, 37-4a- 

Social life and customs: food and drink, 4, 276, 277, 284, 285, 287, 38, 272, 275, 
276, 278, 39, 27, 60, 7X ; eat with bands, 27 ; abstain from pork, 43 ; suffer famine, 
4, 290; tobacco, how prepared, 38, 28x; clothing and ornaments, 4, 286, 3i, 200, 



I 



Moros] INDEX 621 

ao8, ao9, 38, 277, 39. as-as, 6«. 40. X35; dwellingi, 4, 179, 38. I57» 39. a^ a?; 
use carrying couches, 34, 41; water crafty ao, 150^ 93, 165, 39, 48, 69, 40, i8i» 
183, 47. xao; weapons and armor, 4, 234, 241, 253-255, 268-271, 293, 9, a^ »9»* 
^97. a9«. 15, 9«. 98. X9a. «95. 16, 271, 33, ix8, 34. 104, 37, 331, 332, 39, 91, 
9^ 39. 36. 40, 135. «««. ««a. 307; forts, 10, 49, 39. 3^." their forts, 4. 253. 9. 
284-286, 292, 297, 298 ; method of warfare, 283, 34, 36, 39, 36 ; occupations and 
industries, 4, i3«. a34» a35, a86, 39. 130^ 38, a77. 39. 9. 30^ 3'. 47. 5^. 60, 62, 
66, 69, 71, 72, 40, 135. 43. 270. 44. 84, 47. xao; must cease piracy, 4. ^34; do 
not cultivate soil, 9, 290; women and children, 39, 291, 39, 25, 26, 34, 60, 63, 
67-69; marriage and marriage customs, 33, 35, 70^ 71; pagallies, 60, 67, 68; 
diyorce, 50, 33; ceremony of naming infant, 33; slavery among, 4, 271, 282, 
3^9. 41. 30X. 51. 86; sold, as slaves, 34, 104; feasts, 39, 38-42; fasts, 42; dances, 
39-41, 63, 69, 135; music and musical instruments, 15, 195, 37, 332, 39, 37, 41, 

63. 40, 135; diseases among, and their remedies, 39, 32, 33; physicians among, 
33. 44. 84; mortuary customs, 3i, 208. 

Religion - Mahomeuns, I3, 137, 33, 165, 35. xa4. 36, 61, 196, 39. a9. 3^. 37. 
40, xoo, 313, 49, 39; heathens, 33, 116, 35. 66, 36, 196, 40, 136; mosques, 39. 
37; idols or divinities, 40, 135, 136; priests (bailanes), 135, 136; hermits, 44, 93; 
sacrifices, I3, 270^ 3i, 206, 40, 135, 136; prayers, 39, 37; Ramdam (season of 
devotion), 42, 61, 63; superstitions and beliefs^ 37, 217-219, 43, 260; sorceries, 
4^. 137; Pil* accept beliefs of, 43, iii; contact with Chris, and Christianity, 35, 
XS3. «54. a6, 266, 37. 222, 268, 269, 38, 340, 39, 274, 35. ia4. 36. 149. 44. 84; 
need miss's, 36, 63, 64; schools among, 39, 28, 29. 

Government - feudal, 50, 33; offices hereditary, 33; king or sultan, 40, 104. 
50. 33. 34; princess, 39. 4«; ch»e^ or datos, 4. 178. aso* *Sh »S^'26o, 269, 274, 
277, 278, 291, 293, 10, 68, 34, as. 39, ^3. 50, 33; «»ng»ges, 16, 225; headman 
of vill., 51, 86; judges, 50, 33; embassies, 33, 117, 210^ 2ix; timaguas, 4, 271, 
274. 277, 278, 282, 287, 289; advisable for, to pay trib., xo, 68; pay trib., 16, 273, 
39. 92; justice, and admin, thereof, 39, 57, 58, 69, 44, 84, 50, 33; inheritance 
among, 33. 

Relations nmth other peoples and nations: raids, piracies, depredations, etc., 4, 
234, II, 144, 206, 292-301, 318, 13, 17, 18, 32, 39-41, 136, X52, 162, 15. 19a. 193. 
240, 25X, 16, 63, 278, 283, 17. 64. 320, 19, 223, 224, 33, 89, 33, 2x9, 34, 35, 3^, 
79, as. 16, 105, 152-154, 37. 17, 103, 19*. i95. 337. a8, 93, 39, 13, 75. 93. 94, 
35, 124, 286, 287, 37. 24. 41. 283, 303, 44, 125, 15'. 283, 47, 269, 270, 48, 5'. 
50, 33; their captives, I3, 151, 15, 193, 34, 36, 35, 199, 200; as captives, 
37. 331 't ^ill not allow European settlements among them, 48, 230, 23 x ; rela- 
tions with Span, (mainly hostile), 4, x6, 178, 180, 181, 23X, 232, 234, 235, 241, 
251, 254-278, 290-293, 5, 59, 63, 6s, 7. 47, S, 74, 9. I9, 2o^ 264, 283-287, 296-298, 
10, 49, 68, II, 237, 295, 303. 13, 76, xox, 134, 136, 14, 69, 15, 329, 16, 270, 273, 
274, 17, 204, 19, 2X5, 2x6, 269, 33, 14, 38, 117-XX9. 34, 36, 37. 83, 102-X04, ixi, 
209, 329, 37, 39, 1X3, 225, 268, 269, 320, 322, 33X, 39, 29, 84, 92. 98. xx8, 274, 
30, 34, 41, 34. 25, 35, 15. ^^. X24, 183, 36, 207, 37. i59, 38, 266, 39, 9, 29, 40, 
too, X19, X28, 177, 41, 307, 324, 44, 65, 49, 39, 52, 252, 253 (see also Corralat, 
Rodriguez de Figueroa, and Hurtado de Corcuera) ; with Dutch, 15, 329, 16, 
304, 19, 215, 39, 9, 29; use Chin, goods, 4, 237; jealous of Chin., 46, 48; rela- 
tions with various native peoples, 4, 241, 270, 8, 74, 9, 286, 287-289, 297, 10, 
221, II, X36, 292-301, 13, X5X, 162, 14, 193, 15, 24X, 16, 63, 273, 282, 283, 17, 

64, 34, X77, 39. 98, "8. 35, 92, 36, X75, 40, 1x9, 130^ 3x5, 41, 6x, 43, 72, xxx, 
46, 43, 51, 86. See also above, Moros in general. 



622 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [MorOS 

MoROs: II. Thb Moro Tmbbs (coDtinued) — 

Other Moro Trdu — 

Names — 

Atcheneie (inhab. of Achen). See Achinete. 

Borneans. See Bomeant. 

Bajau (Bajow, Bajows). See below, SAmal Laut 

Basilani (Batilas, Basilanos, Baaailans, inhab. of ia. of Baailan), identified, 44, 
62; their origin, 40, 126; habitat, 38, 48, 44, 62; treacheroui, 38, 134; nobility 
and chiefs, 40, 312, 44, 62; allied with Lutaoa, 40,^15; reladoni with Span., 
a8, 48, 50^ S4, 60, 39, 43, 141; captives, 43, 141; receive sacraments, 38, 94. 
See also below, Yakan. 

IHano (Hilanoones, llanos, lUanos, lUanum, Illanun, Lanuns, Oran lUanon, 
Ylanos, people of Mindanao, probably connected, and often ooofused with the 
Malanaos, jr.v., below), origin of name, 43, 181, 48, 172, 51, 86; habitat, 39, 22, 
40, 100, 43, 181, 287, 49, 39, 51, 86; among worst Mor., 43, 287; their boats, 
39» 22; mines, 22; trade, 22; dominate Subanos, 43, 284; raids and depredations 
by, 48, 37, 51, 172, 50, 68; take possession of Burias Is^ 48, 17a; hoadk to 
Span., 172, 49, 39; Eng. propose alliance with, 41. 

Lutangos, habitat, 43, 284; pop., 285; live in boats, 284; timid, 284; fishermen, 
284. 

Malanaos (Lanaos, people living near and about shores of Lake Lanao, prob- 
ably closely connected with, and often confused with the Illano^ g.er., above), 
derivation of name, 40, 117, 313; their origin, 313; habitat^ 117, s"» S>S» 43f 
181, 197; pop., 35f 99i 102; vill. depop., 44, 67; characteristics, 39, 279, 35> 
107, 44, 68; use Datura to excite murderous frenzy, 48, 122; food, 39, 162; 
clothing, 35, 92; occupations and industries, 39, 275, 35, 92; weapons, 99; fear 
firearms, 39, 159; contact with Chrisdanity, 35, 94, 106, 40, 313, 314, 44, 66, 
48, Z63. Govt -vassals to Corralat, 35, 97; chiefs, 94, lox, 102, 105-107, 44, 
63-66; embassy, 35, 100; offer to pay trib., 39, 159; form reductions, 44, 63; 
raids by, 41, 123, 155, 48, 37, 50, 33; relations with Span., 39, X59, 162, 35, 
99-xox, 103, X05-109, III, 40, XX9, 44, 162; with other natives, 36, 175, 44, 67. 

Simal (see Census •/ PibV., i, p. 475), dress, 43, 264; other Mor. meddle with 
affairs of, 207, 208. 

Sdmal (Samales) Laut (Bajau, Bajow, Bajows, Sea-Gjrpsies - see Census of 
PhiL, i, pp. 475, 476), meaning of name, 43, 186; their origin, 185, 186, 283; 
considered to be Buguese, 185; among worst Mor., 287; habitat, 38, 47, 33, 357, 
40, zoo, 163, 43f 185, 243, 256, 282; pop., 282; speak Sulu dialect, 185; no- 
madic, 33t 357t 43» x86; industrious, 186; brave, 282; their fleets, x86; occupa- 
tions, 185, 252, 256; Mahometans, z86; boys of, trained for priesthood, 257; con- 
verts to Christianity among, 243; social laws, cited, 269; aid pirates, x86; hostile 
to Yacans, 256; other Mor. influence, 208; other Mor. among, 256; seek Dutch 
protection, 186; friendly to Span., 282. 

Sanguil (Siinguiles-see Census of Phtl^ i, p. 476), habitat, 43, 198, 199; peace- 
ful, 287. 

Sologues (probably the Joloans): described, 39, 22; their boats, 81. 

Tiron (Tirones), origin, 39, 142; raids by, 47, 247, 48, 152, 50, 33; ill treat 
Chris., 17, 320; Span, campaigns against, 46, 51, 47, 247. 

Yakan (Yicanes, tribe of Basilan), habitat, 43, 256; compared to Subanon, 
256; characteristics, 256, 287; engage in agriculture, 256; Mahometans, 256. 
Morquecho^ Bartolom6 (member of Span roy. council) : his opinion, 35, zoa. 



Mountains] INDEX 623 

Morrison, Capt — (Brit officer) : letter sent by, 49, 68. 

Motabel, Mekhor de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 129. 

Moscovites: 48, 264. See Russians. 

Moscow (Russia) : persecution of Rom. Cath. in, 33, 361. 

Moses, Prof. Bernard: letter from, cited, 53, 44. 

Moslem. See Mahometans. 

Mosques: located in various places, 4, aoo, 201, 7, 48, 69, 8, 74, 10, 55, 34, 388, 389. 
See also Mahometans, and Moros. 

Mostahap (son of Manzor) : goes to Mudr, 33, 36s* 

Mota, Jorje de la, O.P.: escapes from Siam, 31, 153; confesses dying friar, 153. 

Motta, Fernando de la, OJ^.: arrives at Manila, 43, 86. 

Mountaineers (natives living in mts. in Phil.): in Luz6n, 31, 16, 17; in Panay, 
38, 317; in Lampon, 41, 96; characteristics, 98, 313, 38, 317, 47, 397; eat 
PSrthons, 35, 399; their fields, 47, 339; idolaters, 38, 303; Span, raid, 47, 397; 
fear Span., 339, 330; reductions among, 31, 16, 17; miss, work among, 38, 165- 
170, 174, 313, 41, 96, 47, 143. See also Igorots, Negritos, and all other mt. tribes. 

Mountains and Hilu — 

In gitural: in various places, 3, 78, 4, 136, 383, 395, 5, 47, 7, 43, 9, 100, loi, 10, 
61, 13, 94f I5f 106, 16, X03, 19, 351, 380^ 30, 367, 368, 31, 305, 33, 3*3, aS, 
«9» X3«» «4a, X47, X64, 313, 39, 14a, a^6, 369, 371, 311, 30, 391, 31, 39i a^S, a87i 
388, 33, 114, 336, 33, 2471 S«o^ 3$St 3^«f 34f 73, X"» iai» »37. «^«» 380, 382, 
S88, 35, ^99, 3x7, 3««, 36, 54, 5^, 37, 3W3, 343, 344, 348, 38, 3i, 33, 94, 97, 98, 
I03, 105, 371, 39, 84* »7, 41, 7a, 105, 136, 158, i$9, 167, 171, 189, 313, 336, 335, 

43, 363, 43, X36, <39, X44, 145, X97, 378, 45, xo2, 47, i", ^9h ^94, 49, 3^, 37, 
38, 50, 155, 180^ 51, 38, 74, 53, 318; extent and elevation, 38, 47, 168, 39, 163, 
41, 158, 167, 313, 335, 43, 333, 49, 39, 51, 77; inacessible, 38, 103; roads, 39. 
338, 41, 336; volcanic, 7, 43, 9, too, loi, 35, 301, 51, 35 (see also Volcanoes) ; 
source of rivers, 4, 383, 47, 396, 51, 136; hot springs near and on, 14, 3ix, 34, 
^35, 23^! valleys formed by, 51, 81; snowcapped, 33, 69, 75, 5', 77; earthquakes 
in, 19, 67, 33, 313, 34, 119, 33, X04, 38, 94, 41, xos, 43, 169, 363 (see also 
Earthquakes) ; mines in, 14, 30X, 303, 306, z8, x63, 19, 351, 380^ 38, 91, 384, 
34, aia, 35, 301, 37, ^43, 38, 371, 50, 107, 53, 3x7 (see also Mines) ; bldg. 
materials scarce in, 37, 347; fertile, 33, 1x4; food in, 8, 389, 37, 343, 3S, 33; 
forests on, 38, 47, 43, X39; clove trees in, 34, 43; fruit in, 38, 3x; resin obtained 
from, 47, XXX ; slopes irrigated and terraced, 53, 323, 324; animal life in, 4, 98, 
34, Z73, 35, 299, 300^ 37, 288, 40, 303 ; rel. and superstitious beliefs rdg., 5, X3X, 
16, X33, 39, 269, 30, x8x, X9X, 389, 29X, 43, 308; inhab. of, and settlements in, 
3, 6x, 13, 2X, 258, 26<^ 13, 137, 140, H«, «9X. 16, X02, 30, 270^ 31, 138, a85. 
34, 380^ 35, 82, 3x8, 37, 170^ 244, 38, 206, 40, 232, 246, 44, 82, X14, 47, 295, 
298, 50, X76, 2x3, 249 (see also Mountaineers, and the several mt peoples, e.g., 
Igorots) ; natives flee to^ 3, 60, 255, 4, 223, 232, 235, 7, X35, 10, 43, 55, 11, 208, 
*3, 90b 147, 15, «94, 17, ^9, 70^ a8, X50, 328, 39, XX7, X47, X59, X97, 205, 2x0. 
3x5, 238, 239, 343, 37X, 30, X44, 31. 66, 94, 267, 39X, 33, 156, 160, 206, 34, 226, 
S88, 35, 10^ 5x, «50b 36, 98, X17-XX9, 137, 13X, 3S, 89, 90, 93, 97, 98. 105, X07, 
X29, X51, X77, X9X, 40, 2x5, 41, 24, 82, 83, 90, X04, xxo, x8o, 241, 43, 67, 172, 44, 
lox, X02, X04, X26, X29, 49, 34, 50, X53, 51, 28, 54, 8o» 197, 5^, 24X, 257; Span. 
flee to, 38, X73, 49, 220, 50, X7x; fortifications planned, 8, 287; Chin, fortify, 
^9f 239; govt raids into, 50, 2x2, 2x3; rel. flee to^ 35, 87, 9X, 35i 86, 87, 36, 
X77-x8o^ 41, "9; nwM- work in, 38, X3X, X43, X47, x$7, X58, 164, x68, X69, 30X, 
3x2, 3x7, 39, 269, 387, 388, 31, 3<, 36, 54, 56, 146, 37, 223, 41, 134, 167, X7X, 



624 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Mountains 

Mountains and Hilu (oootinued) — 

189, 43, 66, 78, 44, loi, loa, 45» loa, 47. «44, 50. 130* «55; ««• ertetwl on, 
32, 67, 326, 328. 

EnumifoUd (peaks, rangci, etc.) — 

Abucay, 43, 37. 47. a9$- 

Alamonag, 31, 36. 

Altot dc Santa Zidlia (St Cccilia'i Peaks), 14, a95. 

Antipolo, 13, 209, a6s. 

Bacoag, 35, 82. 

Balooy (Balo6y), 40, 314, 41, 16, 138. 
Bambang, 43, 79. 

Banahao^ 40, 232. 

Batalan (BoColan), 18, 37. 

Batin, 41, 126, 134, 167. 

Bigan, 19, 67. 

Bolor, 35, 82. 

Bolotucan, 43, 308. 

Bondoc (Bondog), 44, 39. 

BoragOen, 38, 91. 

Bungadon, 43, 213. 

Buquil, 47, 295, 298. 

Burgos, 31, 82. 

Cabcave, 49, 197. 

Cab6aD, 41, 93. 

Calavite, 43, 131, 132. 

Camachin, 40, 246. 

Caraballo de Baler, 48, 6a 

Caraballos (Los), 33, 213, 38, 288, 3^. 65. 

Caraballos Occidentales, 48, 81. 

Caraballo Sur, 14, 282, 37, 244, 48, 60^ 6t. 

Carigara, I3, 281. 

Carmel, 31, 287. 

Central, 19, 251. 

Cerro Gordo de Potosi, 14, 306 (see also below, Potosi). 

Colasi, 7, 42. 

Cordilleras (N. Espafia), 4, 106. 

Cordilleras (Phil.). 30, 27a 

Cordillera Sur, 48, 81^ 

Culiman, 43, 240. 

Dapitan, 44, 70. 

Daraetan (Daractan, Daratan), 38, 147, 168, 41, 93. 

Data, 35, 301. 

Fotol, 31, 36. 

Gapang, 43, 169. 

Guistin, 38, 24, 25. 

Haguimitan, 43, 280. 

Halc6n, 41, 158, 51, 77. 

Heyt Coavite, I3, 88 (see also Cavite). 

Himalayas, 34, 173. 

Hindu-Kush, 3, 93. 



Moutsong] INDEX 625 

Inabangan, a8, 338. 
Iriga, 7, 42. 

Isarog (Itaroc), 7, 42, ax, 240. 
Ituy (Ytuy), 35, 318, 47, 144. 
Kelt, 13, 103, 104 (see abo Cavite). 
Labo, 7, 4a. 
Labra, 38, 158. 
LInao, 43, 203. 
Los Bafios, 14, at I. 
Liipi, 38, 157. 

Madiais ( Madias), x6, 133, 51, 77. 
Manacagan, 38, 91. 
Manguirin (Mangirin), 38, 157, 169. 
Manlubiian, 43, 213. 
Maquiling, 14, 211. 
Maralaya, 44, loi. 

Mariveles (Mariv^lez), 38, 301-303, 36, 196, 37, 171. 
Mayas, 5, 131* 

Mayon, 9, xoo, loz, 35, 30X, 51, 35 (we also Volcanoes). 
Monte de Cbristo, 33, 67. 
Monte de San Mateo, 53, 317. 
Onzenga-take, 34, 235. 
Palanan (Paranin), 31, Z38, 43, 66. 
Panamao, 13, 178. 
Paracale, 38, 284. 
Pena de Francia (Spain), 30, Z2i. 
Pico de Mindoro, 51, 77. 
Piddig, 40, 215. 
Pinatuba, 47, 296. 
Pinos (Los), 30, 266. 
Play a Honda, 37, 17a 

Potosi (Peru), 18, 162 (see also above, Cerro Gordo de Potoii). 
Pyrenees, 8, 220. 
Ragiy, 38, 157. 
Rangaya, 39, 162. 
Samal, 47, 293. 
San Matheo, 44, 1x4. 

Santa Inez (Ynes), 44, xot, xo2, 50, X07. 
Santor, 37, M^ 
Siera Leona, 33, 39. 
Sierra Madre, 48, 8x. 
Sierramorena (Spain), 8, 220. 
Socol, 39, 205, 214, 2x5. 
Sulu, 38, 47. 
Talibon, 38, 328. 
Tiruray, 4, 283. 
Tuao, 43, 78. 
Unjen, 34, 235, 236. 
Zambales, 41, X26. 
Moutsong (ChixL emperor): death (1572), 3, 228. 



626 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Moxar 

Moxar, Basdan Jorge (Port) : acta aa witneaa^ 8, ita. 

Mdxica, Diego de (Re&) : labora in Mindoro, 41, 16a. 

Mozica, Joan de: kayet bequest to Miiericordia, 47, 113, 814. 

Moya, Athanatio de, O.P.: iketch, 33, 105, 106. 

Moya, Franciaco de (Span, officer): arrives at Manila, 37, aaS; takes part in festi- 
val, 43, 166; negotiates with Falcon, 114, 215. 

Moya, Francisco Javier (Span, official): signs amendment to oonstitudon, 51, 197. 

Moya, Pedro de Quiroga y. See Quiroga y Moya. 

Moya y (de) Contreras, Pedro de (abp., >573-S6, and viceroy, ISS4-85, of N. 
Espafia): first inqubitor in Max., 38, xii; despatches vessels, 6, a6a; sketch, 66. 

Moya y Torres, Francisco de (officer of Inquis.) : aon-in^law inherits his property, 
35, 194; marriage, 4^, laa 

Moyot (encom.) : statua (1591), 8, 113. 

Mozambique (dist in Africa): size and origin of name, 34, 176; Kafira inhabit^ 
xo, 87; Port in, 34, 176; exports, 19, 315. See also Is.: Mozambique. 

Mozo, Count — : message sent to^ 44, axj. 

Mozo, Antonio, O.S.A.: sec'y of prov*!, 48, 89; labors three yrs. among Negritos, 
95, 103; character and sketch, 59. See also Books. 

M<'% Juan (archdean of Manila ecc. cab.) : apptmt, 35, 305. 

Mucas ( vill. in Mindanao) : pop. and trib., 38, 97, 36, 6x ; Jes. in, 38, 97, 36, 6x. 

Mugaburu, Juan de (miner) : takes part in expcd. to mines of Igorocs, 30, a8t, 983- 
386, 396, 398. 

Mug6rtegui, Capt Matias de: arrives at Manila, 43, 336. 

Mujica, Capt Gregorio: opposes Chin, insurgents, 39, 355. 

Mi&jica (Muzica) Buitran, Gabrill de (sec. priest and aec'y of abp.) : official acti, 
30, X04, 105; services, 35, 3x9, 

Mukden (city and prov. of Manchuria) : cap. of Uao-Tung Prov., 9, 44; that prov. 
called by name of, 44; location, x8, 307; captured, 307. 

Mulanay (Mulaniiy, vill. in Luz6n) : curaqr in, 38, 154, 164. 

Mulattoes: in N. Espafia, 3, 85; some Chin, resemble, 4, 50; should learn trades, 3, 
85; skilful with weapons, 39, 353; wicked, 40, 354; rogues, 50, 167; prohibited 
from living in native vill., 159; educated in Paris, 53, 45; Chin, prohibited from 
trading with, XX, 57; wear Chin, goods, X3, 64; Chin, flog, 96; must not be en- 
rolled in reenforcements for Phil., x6, 175 ; serve as soldiers, 19, 13, xoa, 39, 304, 
a53t 30, 55, 36, 34X, 37> 37I1 4X, 77; serve as patrol, 40, 30; hostile to Chin., 
39, 204, 36, 323; compete for office, 39> 292; subject to Inquis., 5, 17, 370; take 
refuge in church, 39, 303; rel. work among, 36, 54, 89; hosp. for, x8, X13. 

Muley Hassan (king of Tunis) : restored to throne by Span., 3, 303. 

Mulu Datu (gov. of J0I6) : described, 43, 148; rank, 148; his house, 148; his chil- 
dren, 149; his slave, x6x; guardian of sultan's son, 154; his daily routine, 164; en- 
voy sent to^ X47; serves refreshments to Wilkes, 155; returns stolen pistol, 158; 
scales owned by, X7a 

Mungabo (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 14, 3x0. 

Munlcipe: meaning of term, 17, 33X. 

Muniq, — : Dutch merchant, 14, XX3. 

Mufiez, Pedro (Span.): kills father-in-law, XX, 379. 

Muniscripto, Juan (sec. priest) : escapes from Joloans, 33, 26a 

Munoz, — (member of roy. council) : official act, 34, 238. 

Mufioz, Alonso, O.S.F.: attends council, 38, X36. 

Mufioz, Antonio, O.S.A.: prior, 3X, X93. 



Music] INDEX 627 

MuDoz, Antonio (Rec) : death, 3i, 196. [Same as preceding?] 

Munoz, Adm. Bartolom6 (Span, officer) : hit ship, 37, 351, 353. 

Mufioz, Christoval (Span, conquistador) : signs memorial, 6, asa 

Mufioz, Capt. Diego (Span, officer) : commands ship, 34, 147. 

Mufioz, Diego, O.S.A.: life and labors, 8, 3x5, 317, 9, 91-93, 15, 73, 16, 363, aj, 

333, 385, 387, 388. 
Munoz, Felipe, OJ^.: arrives at Manila, 37, 70. 
Mufioz, Francisco^ O.S.A.: life and labors, 37, 331, 333. 

Mufioz, Ignacio (Igna^o), OJ^.: life and labors^ 35, 243, 344, 359, s6o, 35f 37* 
Mufioz, Capt Juan (Span, officer) : commands fleet, 38, xo8, I3i. 
Mufioz, Juana: inhab. of Cayite, a6, 1x5. 
Mufioz, Juan Bautista (Span, scholar and historian): ordered to write hist., I, 343; 

investigates archives, 53, 30; his transcripts, I, 343, 3, 343, 3x6, 5f 318, 53, 30; 

discovers original bull, i, 339; disposal of his collection, 53, 31; cited, i, 173, 

aoo, 349, 354, 3, 34X, 33, 389. 
Mufioz, Nicolas (native of Mez.) : killed in mutiny, 3a, 187. 
Mufioz, Capt Pedro (Span, officer) : endeavors to save ships in storm, 39, 167. 
Mufioz, Pedro (rcgidor of Cebi&) : refuses to surrender alcaldeship, 48, 189. 
Mufioz, Pedro, OJ^.: arrives at Manila, 43, 85. 

Mufioz de Aramburo^ Hernando (ship capt) : claims apptmt, 19, 337. 
Mufioz (Nufiez, 14, 43) de Herrera, Pedro (notary and clerk of Aud.) : purchases 

office, 30, 168; supports Fajardo, 167, x68, x8x, 197; various official acts, II, Sx, 

X43, 14, 42, 44> xS9-i9«» «S. X4«. a?*. a«4» 23, 69. 

Munoz de Herrera, Pedro, Jr.: acts as witness, 18, 373, 33, 69, 36, X07. 

Mufioz de Mendiola, Pedro (capt and sarg.-may.) : apptmt. and salary, 33, 331. 

Munoz de Pamplona, Capt. Nicolas (alc-in-ordinary) : aids in attack and arrest of 
Salcedo, 37, 35, 38, 58, 6x, 363; joins Bonifaz, 37, 38. 

Mufioz de Poyatos (Nufiez de Pyatos, 6, 346), Capt Hernando (regidor of Manila) : 
his services, 7, 150; his encom., 8, X36, X40; in Macao, x8o; his testimony, x8o- 
X83; attends council, 9, 133; signs doc., 6, 330, 346, 9, 133, X36. 

Munt, Jacobo de el, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 70. 

Murakami, Dr. N. (prof, in Imperial Univ., Tokyo) : thanked, i, 17. 

Murcia (ancient kingdom and prov. of Spain) : G. Perez Dasmarinas, corregidor of, 
7, 137; silk industry in, 8, 373, II, xxo, 44, 395, 399; protests against Manila 
silk trade, 305; Moriscos expelled from, 33, 30; gunpowder made in, 53, x8. 

Murcia (vill. in Mindanao): Span, found, 9, 364, 15, 93; pop. (1878), 38, 33X; 
Rec. in, 33 x. 

Muriel, Pedro de, O.P.: life and labors, 3i, 70, 31, 303, 33, 60. 

Murillo y Olio, Roman (librarian): thanked, I, X7. 

Murillo Velarde, Pedro, S.J.: life and labors, 38, X33, X33, 40, 380, 38x, 384, 387- 
389, 47, 3XX, 243, 48, 3x, 49, 15, 50, 139; questions and answers on character of 
Fil., 40, 380, 381 ; facsimile signature, 39, Z95* See also Books, and Maps. 

Muro, Luis, O.P.: martyrdom, 33, 349; sketch, 349, 350. 

Museums: proposed for Phil., 53, 313; granted money for, 3x5; Phil, weapons in, 
343; Phil, exhibits in, 53, 31, 33. U. S. National, I, x6, 53, 53; Colegio de 
Agustinos (Valladolid, Spain), I, 335, 336; Boston, 16, 94; Santo Tomas (Ma- 
nila), 45, x68; Berlin, 47, xSa; Dresden (Ger.), 53, 350; Museo-Biblioteca de 
Ultramar (Madrid), 53, 52 (see also Archives); Brit Museum (see Archives). 

Music — 

In general: taught, 8, X64, 16, 153, 30, X69, 45, 344, 346, 46, 87, 97; rel. should 



628 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Music 

Music (coDdnued) — 

teach, 31, 153; used in church tenrice, 13, 248, 249, 356, 3X, 153, 38, M69; in 
rel. fettivitiet, 13, 34S, x6, 168, 44, 33; desirable in all conrents, 3X, 133; annual 
allowance for church, 38, 369; chanters must know, 34, 341; Fll. have musical 
nature, x6, 153, 45, 373, 373; Fil. play, 374; by Chin, insurgents, 31, t86; of 
various peoples, 39, 63, 40, 346, 41, 50^ 51, 43, 365, 266 (see also the yarious 
tribes and peoples) ; as sign of welcome and rejoicing, 37, 131 ; advanced state 
of, in Phil., 45, 373-376; mil, 373; songs and hymns, x, 313, 339, xo, 278, 3X, 

138, 303, 206, 35, 308, 37, 333. 39» 63, 40, 346, 41. $<H $1, 43, a^St »««» 45, *?»; 
vocal, 39, 41, 46, 87, 97; choirs in all FiL vill., 44, 113; compositions in toccata, 
43, 327; Christmas carols, 226, 227; overtures, 45, 274. See also Eoc.: Worship 
and accessories. 

Musicians: trained by rel., 31, 279; serve in churches, 33, 83, 36, 27, 34, 44, 
93; take part in celebration, 35, 217, 36, 35; Fil. as, 37, 298, 46, 354; minstrels, 
33, 55; trumpeters, 3, 136, 33, 55» 39» 54; fi^rs, 14, 264, 266, 268, 19, 393, 47, 
97, 100, X05, X06, 117; drummers, 14, 264, 266, 268, x6, 172, 19, 145, 293, 33, 
55, 39, 55. 47, 97» loo^ «05, 106, 117, 124, 125; drum-major, 97; clarion-players, 
19, 64, 66, 33, 55; organists, 34, 344, 347, 34«t 35©; Meyerbeer, 45, 274; Ros- 
sini, 274. 

Musical instruments', used in procession, 19, 63-65, 37, 337; reL teach, 31, 152, 
45, 244; used in salute, 37, 333; Mindanaos have few, 39, 41; Fil. study Euro- 
pean, 45, 272, 273; wind, 37, 333, 37, 131, 45, 245; stringed, 39, 290^ 45, ^44; 
wood used in, 16, 88 ; silk used in, 39, 290. 

Enumerated - tf^ii, 40, 135 (see below, Gongs); bells, X, 313, 3, 68, 116, 191, 
229, 238, 3, 78, 139, a^9, 5, 177, 9, 60, xo, 142, 13, 5<, 59, 14, a89, 16, 128, 158, 
17, III, 124, 19, 314, 31, «3, X37, ao3, 33, 55, 206, 33, 182, 34. 144, 35, 182, 
189, 208, 286, 287. 290, 292, 36, 37, 68, 37, 25, 26, 272, 332, 337, 347, 351, 38, 
109, 141, 39, 33, 38, 43, X94, a**, ^35, 2.%S, 30, 127, 187, 258, 33, 50* 33. 4«, 

55. 59. 103, 302, 34. 341, 35, I7^, «79, ai8. «»«, a^7, 36, 26, 30^ 52, 202, 224, 
24a, 37. 131. 162, 204, 290, 38, 22, 90, 195, 39, 4«. 17a. «73, «83, 40, 5^, «35, 
166, 176, 285, 29X, 43, 58, ^a, ai7. 43, 281, 282, 290-292, 302, 44, 9^, ^68, 189, 
45. 307. 47. 52, i66, 49, a^o, 293, 50, 99; clarions, xo, 134, I3, 249, 31, 163, 35, 
239; culintangan (culinilngan)^ 40, 135, 43, 259, 262; drums, 3, 75, 78, 186, 3X, 
203, 34, X64, 37, 263, 38a, 39, 244, 348, 286. 31, 102, 34, 189, 35. 256, 257, 36, 
32, 37. 230, 282, 38, 125, i5«. «7i. 39, 37. 41. 289, 291, 44, 189; fifes and flutes, 
3, 75, 10. 134, 13, 249, X5, 134, 16, X45, X52, 35, 257, 43, 227; gongs, 33, 265, 
334. 34, 55, 37, 289, 43, 158, 2x8; guimbo, 40, X35; guitar, x6, 152, 37, 298, 40. 

56, 68, 43, 203, 45. 272; harps, x6, 152, 37. 298, 40, 5«; l»orns, 3, 78, 45, 273; 
organs, 16, 140, X45, X52. 37, 337, 38, 1x7, 36, 2x4, 45, 244, 272, 46, 87; pianos, 
45, 244, 272, 3xx; pum-piang, x6, 128; tambourines, 35, 292, 43, 227; tam- 
tams, 16, X38; tifaSf 15, X95, X96; timbrels, X9, 63; trumpets, 3, 199, 4, 243, 15, 
134, 33, 51, 37, 263, 274, 282, 330, 332, 35, 140, 239, 38, X25, 39, 5^, ^«, 41, 289; 
violins, 39, 63. 

Musi-King: Chin, author, 34, X67. 

Muta, Domingo, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 32. 

Mutes: baptized, 13, x 02- 104. 

Mutineers: seize ship, i, 318. See also Insurrections. 

Muxica, Antonio, O.S.A.: conflict with civil oflicials, 33, x6o, i6x. 

Muxica, Diego de, O.S.A.: attends council, 34, 326. 

Muxica, Ygnado de, SJ.: accompanies ship, 32, 187; letter, cited, 30a 



Namucan] index 629 

Muzavetas (Mozabites?) : requititioned for barter, a, 191. 

Myong (Moro princess) : her marriage, 46, 47. 

Myths: Greek, 33, 293. See also the several tribes and peoples. 

N. (used to indicate a name unknown to writer), Bakasar de (lay brother in Fran, 
ord.) : in Tuy miss., 35, 31S. 

Nabangan (yill. in Bohol) : visita of Jes. miss., a8, SS. 

Nabayugan (Mandaya vill.) : Dom. miss, pacifies its inhab., 43t 73* 

Nabua (Nab6a, vill. in Camarines): pop., 8, 119, 35, 2%$; toy. encom., 8, 119; ad- 
min, by Fran., 119, a8, 157, 168, 38> 385> 36, 217. 

Nabucan (encom. in Ilocos) : pop., and status, 8, 106. 

Nabugan (encom. in Cagayin) : pop., 8, 112. 

Nabunanga (vill. in Cagayin, later absorbed in vill. of Iguig): Dom. convent in, 

31, 19s. 
Nacalan (vilL in Tuy) : deserted by inhab. at approach of Span., 14, 2SS. 
Niicre (mother-of-pearl): article of trade, 48, 27S, 306. 
Nadales, Geronimo, O. St J. of G.: term of service as superior, 47, 193. 
Naga (vill. in Camarines) : successor to city of N. Ciceres, as capital of prov. and 

diocese, 38, 153, 2S5; admin, by Fran., ao, 115, a8, 16S, 38, 2S4, 36, 217, 37> 

189; infirmary at, 38, 284, 47i ^7; gall, in, 41, 37. 
Naga (vill. in Cebd) : view, 38, 155. 
Nagasaki (Nanga^aqui, Nangasaki, Nangasaqui, Nangoza, Nanquadqui, seaport in 

Japan): location, 17, 135; capital of its region, ao, 28; its trade with European 

colonies, 14, 220, 18, ii7> 16, 183, 18, 58, 30, 131, 39, 306; Dutch at, 18, 70, 

71; Span, at, 17, 137, aa, 96, 126; disorders caused there by foreigners, 18, 63; 

Europeans expelled from, 33, 121, 39, 306; negotiations between gov. of Manila 

and of, 33, 54, 55, 34, 173, 205, 214; lepers in, 242; other mention, 9, 27, 14, 

231, J3, 316, 3i» 171 ; rel. in, JJ, 312, 3J, 34, 50 (see also the various ord.) ; 

progress of Chris, rel. in (see Missions, and Martyrs). 
Nagay (vill. in Formosa) : a Rec miss'y at, 38, 84. 
Nagcarlibi (vill. in Laguna) : pop., 35, 281 ; admin, by Fran., j8, 147, 168, 38, 

a8i, 3", 36, 217, 40, 347. 
Nagoya (Mengoya, Nangoya, seaport in Japan): location, 9, 26, 8^» 33^; erection, 

size, and pop., 9, 35; other mention, 8, 261, 9, 35. 
Nagsingal: admin, by Aug., a8, 167. 

Nagtahd (locality near Manila): powder-mill at, 16, 139; summer resort, 49, 182. 
Nagua (vill. in Mindanao) : founded by Jes., 44, 63. 

Naique (Nayque), Cachil (Moro prince): envoy to Europe, 16, 243, J7, 71. 
Naito (Jap.) : candidate for canonry at Manila, 39, 292. 

Nalaguan (vill. in Cagaydn) : reduced by Span., 9, 83, 84; an encom., its pop., 8, 113. 
Nalavangan (vill. in Irraya) : Dom. miss, at, 31, 143. 
Nalfotan (vill. in Cagaydn) : Dom. miss, at, 31, 264-273. 
Naligua (Igorot vill.) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Nalso (vill. in Zambales) : a miss, reduction, 47, 295, 297. 
Namacpacdn (Namagpacan, vill. in Ilocos): Span, troops at, 38, 190^ 204; admin. 

by Aug., j8, 158, 167. 
Namayan (vill. near Manila) : cattle farm near, 14, 157. 
Nambajies ("dwellers in the south"): J^P* appellation of Span., I8> 119; (cf. dieir 

name for miss's, "bonzes of Nanbamcas," J4, 298). 
Namucan (Namican, vill. in Mindanao) : pop., 36, 60; destroyed by Span., 41, 305. 



630 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Nanbamcas 

Nanbamcas (bonzes of) : Jap. appellatkni of miii'i^ 24, 198. 
Nanhoan (misprint in Navarrete, for Nauhoan) : 38, 17, 37, 4a See Naujin. 
Nanking (Lam Kin, Lankin, Lanquien, Nankin, Nanquin, dty in China): locatioii, 
3, 41, 43, 327, 18, 178; meaning of name, la, 104; pop., 4a, 150; ailk nuifret., 

45, 47; Je«. in, ^5, i77, «9» 49, other mention, 34» i$$» «7», 5«» «57- 
Naorguan: assigned as encom., 34, 306. 
Naples (Napoles, kingdom of Italy) : silk produced in, 45, 79; political relations, 33, 

5a, 49» 45, 50. a73, a««. 
Ndpoles, Vicente de: his rep. of Saaredra's exped., a, 4a, 43. 

Naranddn (encom. in Ilocos) : pop., 8, 106 ; belongs to botp., 106. 

Naranjo, Caspar (traveler) : cited, 5 J, 35a. 

Naro (king of Tidore) : slain by natives, J9, 198. 

Narsingha (kingdom of India) : prov. subject to^ 34, 139. 

Narvacin (Nalbacan, Nalbadin, Narbacan, Narbakan, vilL in Iloooa) : location, 38, 

191; pop., J3, 296; in Zambal insurrection, 38, 191, 193, 199-903; scandal at, 36, 

293; admin, by Aug., 33, «X3» a9«» ^4, 74. »40^ iW» 3^, an, 37, 150^ «5^, «^5. 

178, 223, 236, 245, aSo, 38, 207, 4^, X90- 
Nasa: Mindanao spy, II, 293. 
Nasarudin (Moro prince) : co-tultan of Jold, 43, 174. 
Nasiping (Nasipin, vill. in Cagayibi) : location, 31, 203; admin, by Dom., 38, 159, 

174, 31, 108, 192, 202; other mention, 203, 3^, no, 144, 43, 8a 
Nfisir-bin-Murshid (imfim of OmAn) : expels Port, 33, 305. 
Naso (Nasso, Siroan, headland of Panay): venerated by natives, 13, s66. 
Naaugbii (Anazibu, vill. in Batangaa): location, 15, 230; Span, at, 230; visited by 

abp., 43, 51-56 ; cattle-ranch at, plundered by natives, 48, 141. 
Nations: foundation of real power for, 48, 265; law of, 19, 95, 355, 48, 267, 271 

(see Legal affairs). 
Natividad, Mamerto: member of Liga Filipina, 53, 225. 

Naudngui (Navangui, vilL in Masbate): admin, by Rec, 38, 154, 175, 41, 222. 
Naujdn (Nanhoan, Naohan, Naojan, Naoyan, Nauhan, Nauhang, vilL and dist in 

Mindoro) : location, 38, 37; pop., 33, 223, 38, 316; raided by pirates, 38, 40; 

admin, by sec, 39, 184, 38, 27, 41, 170-17*, 233 ; by Jes., 33, 295, M» *«$, ^, 

314, 41, 164, ^36, 44, 74, X04; by Rec, 38, 316, 41, 17a, X79, ««o^ a34, a3«. 
Nava. See Garcia de Nava, and Perez de Nava. 
Nava, Francisco de (Span, artilleryman) : hanged for murder of a slave-girl, 35, 

163, 164, 201, 202, 36, 32-36. 
Nava, Juan de la, O.P.: arrives in Manila, 43, 71; sketch, 47, 332. 
Nava y Albis, Jos^ (ecc) : arrest and ezcom., 39, 218, 279, 292. 
Naval affairs. See under Ships. 
Navamuel, Ygnacio: castellan of Ft. Santiago, 44, 191. 

Navarra (kingdom in Spain) : united with Castilla, I, 351, 352; its people, 8, aaa 
Navarrete, Alonso, O.P.: miss, to Japan, 33, 31, 69; martyrdom, 71-73, 141; sketch, 

74, 75; other mention, 31, 293, 3^, i77, a77- 
Navarrete, Augusto de: public crier, 31, 93. 
Navarrete (Nabarrete), Baltasar, O.P.: writes letter to Phil. prov. of his order, 30, 

160, i6x. 
Navarrete, Juan de: acts as witness, 3, 310. 

Navarrete, Capt Pedro de: his services and liberality, 33, 223-226, 275. 
Navarrete Fazardo, Luis de: ambassador to Japan, 10, 171, 172, 15, 127, 196, 37, 

141; death, 10, 172, 15, 128. 



Negritos] INDEX 63 1 

NiYvrete. See Fernandez Nrnvarrete, and Saent Navarrete. 

Navarro, — (Span, officer) : death, 38, 56. 

Navarro^ Alonio (Rec): death, ai, 196. 

Navarro, Alonto, OP.: sketch, 37, 108. 

Navarro, Amador, 8.J.: arrives in Manila, 44, 56. 

Navarro, Bernardo^ OJP.: miss'y labors in PhiL, 30, lai, 124, 136, 197. 

Navarro, Dionisio, O.S.A.: sketch, 4 J, 19a. 

Navarro, Francisco, O.P.: refuses bishopric, 38, 73; death, 30, 133. 

Navarro, Jos^ (Span, official) : orders index of MuiSox's collection, and commissions 
scholars, 53, 30. 

Navarro^ Pedro: encom. allotted to, 8, 130, II, 39a, 34, 307; his family, J J, 335; 
other mention, 4, 33S, 339, 11, 394, 396. 

Navarro, Pedro (son of preceding?): commands fort at Sabanilla, J9, 163; voyage 
to Macasar, 38, 63-66. 

Navarro, Ygnado, 8.J.: in Ft Yligan, 36, 57. 

Navarro Ord^ez, Eduardo^ O.S.A.: collections of MSS. and books, 40, 197, 378, 
43, 98, 103, 47, 177, 83, 13, 33 ; other mention, 46, 34, 83, 183 ; aid from, acknowl- 
edged, I, 15, S39 54 (iee also under Books). 

Navarro de Santa Catalina, Bernardo, O.P.: sketch, 13, 300^ 301. 

Nava% Conde de las: librarian of Biblioteca Real, 83» 33; aid from, acknowledged, 

54- 
Navas, Diego de las (ecc) : deprived of his curacy, 39, 318; apptd. bp., 4 J, 337. 

Naveda, Capt Jos6 de: various mention, J J, 53, j6, 183. 

Naveda, Juan de: memorial, cited, as, 14a 

Naveda (Navada) Alvarado, Joseph de: his arguments against Port trade at Ma- 
nila, a8> 111-130, 331; other mention, 11, 185, ao, 305, 306. 

Naves, Andres, O.S.A.: edits Blanco's Flora, $1, 69. 

Navidad, La. See Puerto de la Navidad. 

Navotas (Nabotas, vill. near Manila) : various mention, 7, 99, 100, 8, 100^ 36, 335. 

Naya, Juan, O.P.: life and labors, 31, 198, 309, 3 J, 106-109. 

Nayon (vill. in Negros) : Bf 47- 

Nayun (vill. in Laguna) : a roy. encom., 8, 117, 14, 344; pop., 8, 117. 

Neal (Brit midshipman) : wounded, 49, loi. 

Nebra, Domingo: apptd. warden of Cavite, 48, 154. 

Nebrija (Lebrija), Elio Antonio de (Span, linguist): sketch, 39, 181. 

Neck (Nek), Jacob Cornelius van (Dutch navigator): exped. to £. Indies, I8» 300, 
307, 308, 16, 376, 37, 98; estab. trading post in Bands, 94. 

N^, Louu (French scientist) : his travels and collec., $1, 76, 77. 

Negrea, Miguel de, O.S.A.: embarks for Mexico, 4 J, 19a 

Negrete, — (Span, officer) : accompanies Maldonado, 33, 66. 

Negrito-Malayan: stocks, 48, 93. 

Negrttos (Aetas, Atis, Belugas, Blacks, Itas, Negrillos, and sometimes Negroes, 
race of men in Malaysian archipelago) — * 

Description, etc: gen. habitat, 3, 61, 36, 300^ 51, 80, 81; inhabit Phil. Is., I, 
38, 4> 6%, 7, X95t 36, 174. 43, "8, 4S, 93; Negros, a, 143, 3, 194, 8, 47, 33, 34S» 
40, 135, 49, 37 (island named for them, 5, 47, 33, 165, 40, 305) ; Luz6n, u, 361, 
363, 18, 97, 33, 348. 36, 174, «93, a«7f 4©, 135, 41, 127, 5^, 35«; Mindanao, ai, 
240, 33, 348, 40, 135, 3"f 43, 2¥h a68, 274. 278. 81, 80; elsewhere, I, 365, 8, 
37» "38. 9, 96, ai, 3x2, 33, 199, $48. 349» 34, 166, 35, 285, 36, 367, 43, 167; deri- 
vation of native names^ 378, 48, 93; the aboriginal inhab., driven fnmi coast by 



632 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Negritos 

NEGimnos (condnued) — 

invading MtUyi, 7, 195, la, ai7, ai, aocH 36, 198, 40, las. 300^ $09, 48, 9S> 
94> 5X> 80; their origin, 40, 45, 4^ »«5, $0$, 306, 41, 175, 43, 116, 47, *89; «»- 
known, 7, 195; dwell in mti. and foretti, a, 241, 3, aoo^ 8, 113, 115, ai, 149, 3^» 
198, 40, xa5, 43, 243, 51, 80; live separate from other peoples, 9, 96; a wild and 
nomadic race, 8, aai, aas, la, aij, 16, 74, 35» 303, 40, las, 43, a4a. ^43, 5«» 81; 
barbarians and heathens, 7, 195, 16, 74, 75, 18, 98, 38» 3«. 36, 193, a^7f 40, 

303, 41, 127, 43» 244.; ferocious, 8, aai; faithless, aaa; numbers, 7, 195 (decreas- 
ing), J3, x6a, 33, 348, 40, 53, 43, 243, 278 (decreasing, 33, 34^, 8X, 80^ 83). 
Physical appearance and traits, described, a, 14a, 3, 6x, 8, 47, U, 9x7, 16, 74, 
18, 332, Ji, 200^ 20I, 34, 188, 36, 174, 198, 37, 170^ «7if 40, 45» 285, 303, 

304, 4^, 234, 43, H4-x«^, 45, 277, 4®, 94, 5i, 80; compared with other races, 9. 
96, IJ, 2x7, J3, 279, 40, 300, 81, 80, 8x ; diseases and mortality among, 37, 172, 
4a, 234, 270, 43, 68, 48, 98, 99, 81* 83; traits of character, IJ, 2x8, 26x, 26a, 
j8, 3x3, J9, 232, 36, X74, 37, X7X, 43, XX5, 278, 47, 3xo^ 5^, 8a-86; murderers 
and head-hunters, 16, 75, 18, 332, J3, 246, 31, 260^ 37, X7i, 41, 250, asx, 4a, 
269, 43, 115, 116; avenge comrade's death, 7, 195, 43, 1x5, xx6, 8X, 82; mode 
of life, 48, 95-99; food, 16, 75, J3, 246, 38, 28, 40, 303, 304. 4^, 234, 43, "5. 
4^1 97, 98, 51, 8x; abodes, Ji, 24X (in trees), 23, 246,^48, 95, 96; method of 
making fire, 97; clothing (mostly nil), 38, a7, 40, X25, 304, 43, XX5, 48, 94; 
ornaments, 34, x88, 40, 45, 304, 338, gl, HS (tattooing, 16, xxa, 38, 27, 8^, 
335, 336) ; expert in hunting, their chief occupation, IJ, 2x7, 34, x88, 38, 303, 
37, 170, 40, 303, 47, 292, 48, 95» 96 (use dogs), 97, 99, xox, xo2, gi, 8x; catch 
fish, 8x; as cultivators of soil, u, 3x7, 16, 75, 31, 8x, 8^, 43; of filthy habits, 
43, 68; drinking vessels, 37, X7x; weapons (chiefly bows and arrows), IJ, ai7, 
16, 75, Ji, 200^ J9, 232, 31, 260^ 35, 36, 38, 27, 40, xas, X78, 303, 304, 41, 25»i 
43, XX5, 44, 66, 48, 277, 4^, 95, 97, 5i, 8x, 82 (use poisoned arrows for game 
alone, 48, 99) ; attack and defense, J9, t%z, 43, "5, 8I, 8x ; property relations, 
48, 96, 97; customs and beliefs, 18, 98, 37, «7«, 4^, 234, 47, 320^ 4*, 59; marriage 
and divorce, 99; fear death, 96; burial and mortuary customs, 7, X95, 48, 96, 31, 
82; medical practice, 48, 99; peculiar uses of herbs, xoo-xoa; feasta and dances, 
35, 36, 37, i7«t 40, 304. 48, 277; language, I J, 235, 40, 56, 323, 43, 243, 47, 
289, 48, 93, xox, 81, 83 (replaced by Zambal, 36, X74) ; govt, patriarchal, 40, 
304; have no religion save superstitions, la, 262, 37, X70, 43, 1x5, $1, 82; sac- 
rifices among, 82; song among, 48, 277. 

Relations vnih other peoples and nations: relations with Span., 8, 9, xo^ X5, 37, 
2x8, 2x9, 222, la, 2x9, 14, X3X, 39, 232, 37, 170, 38, 27, 28, 4^, 269, 270. 8i, 
82 (how they should be treated by white men, 27X); relations with other native 
peoples, 3, 6x, 10, X70, IJ, 3x7-2x9, Ji, X49, 200^ 20X, J3, 223, 36, X74, 40, 304, 
43, 197, 277, 44, 65, 47, 29X-293, 51, 8x, 8^, 93; depredations and murders by, 
18, 333, Ji, 282, J3, 264, 36, 239, 240^ 37, I7»i 295, 38, x6x, X84, X85, 40, 302, 
303, 43, XX5, 47, X98; pacification, Ja, 95; enslavement of some, 3, 6x, 18, 33a, 
47, 305, 310, 314, 320, 321; some, rendered sedentary (chiefly by miss's), 13, 
x82, 189, a8, X69, 36, X74, 44, X02, XX4, 81, 8x (see under Missions) ; children 
taken into white families, 37, 171, 43, xi$; little known of this race, 243, Si, 82; 
students among, 36, 174, 43, 1x4, 48, 95 (see under Books, the works of Mozo 
and Reed). 

Negroes {or Blacks, people of Africa) : no. and status of, in America, i, 19, 20; 
enslaved, a, 53, 5, 299, 6, 56, 10, 87, 16, 124, X64, X84, 18, 318, 19, 289, JO, 263. 
294, ^6, 263, 264, J9, X02, 33, 308, 34, 283, 35, 180, 4^, 243, 44, 37 (on galleys) ; 



Nilis] INDEX 633 

free, a, S5, a8, 14, 2% 102-104 (remored from Manila), %$6, 36, 54, 44, 40; as 
•ailon, etc^ a, 91, 18, 183, 19, 364, 33» 27%; in trades, a, 85, 189, 99, 153, 38, 
6$; in miL terrice, 17, 353, 39, 356, 36, 341, 41, 77; demanded for PhiL Is^ 
a, 189, 194, 343, 3, 138; in and near Manila, 15, 376, 16, 390, 94, 303, a8, 85, 

39, 108, 303, 331, 31, 36, 44, 39, 100; in Acapulco garrison, 30^ 54; their traits 
of character, 15, 363, 18, 319, 3I, 314, 39, 103, 35, 365, 50, 167; relations with 
FiL, 6, 137, 40, 354, 50, 159; intermarriage with other races, 6, 137, J3, 380; 
fugitive, 38> 117, 80, 314; hatred to Sanglesrs, J9, 303, 331, 36, 333-334, 338; 
rel. instructions given to, 35, loi, 38, 82, no, 39, los, 3 J, 53; ordained as priests, 

40, 379; various mention, I, 30^ 3, 391, 30a, 10, 151, li, 153, 331, 345, 13, 64, 
317, 13, 118, 178-181, 15, ao5i ^o, 128, Ji, 133, M. X9Xf ^3, aso* aS*. ^5. a74. 
36, 36, 37, 365, 311, 30, 143, 33> 350, 38> 337, 37> 303> 38, 167, 195, 43» ii4> 
44, 31, 33, 73, 119, 47, 163, 319, 51, 370, 53, 45. This term applied also to Ne- 
gritos {q.v.), 19, 381, 34, 377, 38, X95, 40, 135, 5i» 80; id,, to Creoles (q.v,), 
38, 167, 303, 39, I38» 40, 4«, 44, 47- 

Nelly, — (officer on Brit ship) : on voyage with Dampier, 39, 77, 118. 
Nepomuceno, Juan Serapio Transfiguracion (Fil. [mestizo] artist) : thanked hy 

Mallat, 45, 378. 
Nepomuceno Acufia, Juan: manager of shipyard, 50, 7a 
Nepotism (in office) : forbidden, g, 386, 6, 35, 36, I3, 1x4, 1x5, 30, 138, 139. See 

also Offices. 
Nerdules, Domingo: signs doc., 6, 49. 
Ncstorian church: in China, 33, 198, 199. 
Netherlands (country in Europe): sovereignty of, 18, 379, 380; revolt from Spain, 

48, 363 ; islands owned by, 33, 365. 
Nets: used in fishing, 3, 194, 4, 308, 10, 63, 85, 86, 33, "3, 3*5, 43, X47, «73; in 

sacrifices, 3, 199; requisitioned for Phil., 140; legend rdg. their invention, g, 133, 
New France: supposed to be part of Asia, 3, 87; Jes. miss, in, 19, 53. 
New (Nuevo) Mexico (territory of U. S.) : various mention, 6, 137, 9, 310, 313, 38, 

68, 39, 25. 
New York City: Manila compared to, i, 42; hospitals in, 43. 
Neyra (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom of city, 49, 345, 
Nicaragua (town of N. Espana) : rigging made at, 3, 80; exports pitch, 35, 29. 
Nicolas, Capt Juan: mil. services, 37, 292-398, 331, 334, 325, 357; slain in battle* 

38, 43, 6x, 39, 40; other mention, 31, 164, 36, 176, X9a 
Nicolas, Juan Bautista: master shipbuilder, 37, 235, 43, 155. 
Nicols. See Norton y Nicols. 

Nierenberg, Juan Eusebio, S.J.: sketch, 41, 105, xo6. 
Nieto, — (Jes. lay brother) : accused of ill-treating Fil., 14, 328, 17, 151. 
Nieto, Antonio (Span, officer) : commands gall., 43, 133, X40, 191, 213 ; warden of 

Acapulco, 2x3, 2x4, 224, 229; other mention, X95, X98, X99, 238. 
Nieto, Jorge: accompanies Villalobos, 3, 59. 
Nieto, Rodrigo (a servant) : slain, 33, 340. 
Nieto de Salazar, ChriBtoval: sup. of hosp. ord., 47, X92. 
Nieva, Bartolom6, O.P.: life and labors, 31, xo6, 294, 295. 
Nieva, Domingo de, O.P.: life and labors, 17, 156, 30, 120, X25, X36, 166, X7X, 173, 

249, 266, 31, 257, 258; prints books in Chin, language, 53, 333; death, 17, X59, 

31, a57, 3^, ^74. 
Niguinan: 8, xx8. (Apparently an error for Inguinan, or Ynguinan, g,v.) 
Nilis, Jo[seph] (papal sec'y?): signs papal bull, i, X05. 



634 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [NingpU 

Ningpd (Nimpou, Ning-Po, dtjr in Chinm) : Tmrioiit mratioii, 3, 41, 4a, iiS. 

Nino, Gabriel (fatlier of Gov. Nifio de Tarora) : master-of-camp, aa, 31. 

Nijio de Girnnin, Gabriel (Span, officer) : in exped. agaimt Pampangoe, 3^ I45* 

Nifio Jesui, Eugenio Antonio, O. St J. of G.: offices beld by, 47, 194-196. 

NiiEo Perdido, Joteph de la Virgen de (Rec priest) : slain by pirates, 48, 163. 

Nifio de Tayora, Capt Gabriel (brodier of goy.?) : arrives at Manila, 97, 30d^ 331. 

Nifio de Tavora (Tabora), Juan (gov. of Phil. Is., i6a6-3a) : becomes gov., aa, 31, 
93; arrives at Manila, SS, 93, 133, 134, 33, 79; ezped. sent out by, 17, 390^ aa, 
144, 181, 183, 187, •ia-ai4, ai6, J3, S7, 88, 34, i43» X5S. i7«, «i7. 35, »5; •end* 
artillery to Acapuloo^ 27, 80; duties as gov., 33, 115, 148, 36, 390; policy, 33, 
131 ; embassies, and other dealings with foreign rulers, 17, 318, 33, 141, 33, 53, 
54, 91, 173, 34, ao5, ao7, 214, aai ; appointments, 33, 105, 10^ 34, 175, 178, 35, 
314; calls coundls, 33, 55, 63, 63, 109, 34, 306; administrative and financial acts, 
^^f «50k a57-a^ 367-373, 33, 30-39» 43i 5«i ^» 7^, 74, »«-«$# 107-109. 34, 17^ 
173, 308, 309, 316, 35, 54, ««. ^6, 143, 144, I7a-i75» ^7, "$-"7» «7«; "ks to be 
relieved, 33, 367, 378, 33, 116, 117, 34, 313; difficulties with Aud. and ny. offi- 
cials, 33, 33, 34, 100-114; reL with ecc. and friars, 3i, 174, 33, 36S, 34, 336» 
328, 37, 306, 38, 83, 39, 360^ 3a, 161, 16a, 38» 9«. 306, 36, 77» 39, 133» 40, ii8, 
44, 45, 50, 61; his rule as gov., 34, 334, 36, 89, 151, 389, 37, 343, 3$, 310; suc- 
cessor, 34, 385, 310^ 36, 151, 383, 37, 36; residencia, 33, 373, 34, 333, 36, 153; 
character, 33, 83, 88-90^ x8i, 356, 359, 373, 34, 343, 35, 43, 43; other mention, 
33, 42, 70^ 188, 368, 303, 33, 68, 93, 94, ^4, 136, 167. 183, X90, 197, «04, 305, 311- 
314, 320, 311, 35, 40, 111, 36, X39, 378, 43, 365, 50, 317, 318; death, 34, 353, 
339, 39, 263; sketch, 17, 290^ 33, 31; letters by, to Felipe IV (1637-33), 146-130^ 
317-345, 246-278, 323, 33, 39-43, 47-63, 93-"7, a99, ^4, I97-m8, 339; otli«w (1636- 
30), cited, 33, 146, 309, 33, 93, ^4, 183, 193, 195, 336; rep., 33, 93, 103. 

Nino de Tavora, Dofia Madalena (wife of gov.): dowry, 33, 116, 34, 313; death, 
313. 

Nisna (town in Russia) : Aug. miss'y martyred at, 33, 361. 

Niuchuang (Newchwang, Chin, town) : location, 18, 307. 

Nobunaga (Jap. ruler) : favors Chris, religion, 9, 43, 43. 

Noguer61, Diego, O.S.A.: sketch, 48, 76. 

Nohu (Chin.) : commands a Chin, ship, 14, 191. 

Noly, Antonio de (Antonieto, Genoese navigator) : voyage to Cape Verde Is., i, 193. 

Nombela, Antonio de, O.S.F.: various mention, 10, 383-385, 30, 133, 136. 

Nombela, Francisco de: acts as witness, 10, 388. 

Nombre de Dios (city in N. Espafia) : a port of entry, 19, 104, 48, 335; other men- 
tion, 6, 307, 7, 304. 

Nombre de Jesilb (shortened from Santisimo Nombre de JesiUs) : name of Span, set- 
tlement at Cebd, 3, 130^ 7, 43; origin of name, 3i, 193, 36, 100; location, 31, 
193, 33, 261; founded by Legazpi, 3, xsa, 211, «9a, 34, 39o; decline, 3, ^74, ^3, 
164; other mention, 4, 232, 33, 163, 169, 34, 390^ 414. See CebiS, and Santisimo 
Nombre de Jesus. 

Nonangan (vill. in Ltytt) : pop., 17, 304. 

Nonoc (vill. in Panay) : given in encom., 34, 305. 

N6nong, Dato: governs rancherSa, 43, 302. 

Nontehe (a king of China) : 3, 42. 

Noordt (Noort, Nort, Norte), Oliver van (Dutch navigator) : first Dutch circumnavi- 
gator of world, 15, 306; his exped. to E. Indies (x6oo), 11, 150, 155, 164, 168, 
333, 351, 305, 13, X16-118, 15, 305-334, 300-306, 16, 67; raid against Phil. Is., 



Nueva Cacercs] index 635 

«i» i73» »74. i93-i95f »»«» a«9. as*. asS* 'St «"» ai»» aS4f I7» 105, 19, i97» 47» 
S$» 164; defeated by Span, in naval battle, 11, 149-166, 176-1S3, i93-i95» 230- 
a$3, 243-246, 254, 255, 306, 309, 15, 206, 209, 223-235, 30s, 306, 17, 28S, 37, 191, 
34i 442, 47, 40; etcapet to Holland, 16, 67, 6S; publbhet narration of his voyage 
and achievements, 16, 66-6S; sketch, 11, 15a 

Noorhacha (Tartar king): invasion of China, 18, 207, 210, 19, 46; death, aa, 197, 
19S. 

Noriega (wealthy family of Manila) : aid in paying ransom of dty, 49, 345. See 
also Mier y Noriega. 

Noriega, Bernardo de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 13a 

Noriega, Joseph de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 114. 

Norofia, Pedro de: member of hospital ord., 47, 196. 

Northwest Passage (to Ana) : sought by Europeans^ 9, 314, 48, 207-2ia 

Norton y Nicols, Nicholas (Eng. gentleman) : naturalised as a Span., 47, 253, 49, 
lyt; his career in Phil., 48, 2So^ 283; schemes and efforts to develop natural re- 
sources of islands, 47, 258, 259, 264, 281, 48, 283, 49, 178; memorial to Carlos 
III to this end, 47, 251-285 ; his map of Mindanao, 48, 280-283 ; death, 283. 

Norway (Norvega) : Spain trades with, 47, 283. 

Norzagaray y Escudero, Fernando (gov. of Phil.) : official career, 17, 306, 45, 284, 
5a, 321. 

Noski, Barbara (Russian princess): martyrdom, J3, 262. 

Nostradama: 14, 174. See Amsterdam. 

Notes, promissory: i, 225, 5, 238, lO, 83, 98. 

Novales, Capt Andr^: incites mutiny among Span, troops, and is executed, 51, 47, 

4^ «79» i85» «8^ 
Novarin, Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 

Noves, Juan de, O.S.F.: lost in shipwreck, 38» 3X4« 

Novoa, Capt Jos^ de: commands galleys, 37, 280; pursues pirates, 41, 323. 

Nozadigui. See Lopez de Nozadigui. 

Nozaleda, Bernardino, O.P.: abp. of Manila, a8, 354, 51, 316, 317; various mention, 

48, «37, a72, 46, 349- 
Nuestra Senora de Atocha: a Dom. miss, among Zambals, 43, 38. 
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe: a sanctuary near Manila, j8, 13a 
Nuestra Senora de la Guia (chapel and parish near Manila) : location, 9, no; various 

mention, 8, 45, 98, JO, 85, J3, 281, 34» 434, 35, 222, 38, 55. 
Nuestra Senora de Rosario (name of Span, settlement at Ternate) : 15, 324; mostly 

destroyed by fire, J3, 27a 
Nuestra Senora del Rosario. See Fotol. 
Nuestra Senora de el Soto: Span, factory in Siam, 44, 152. 

Nueva Batavia: Span, settlement in Java, 36, 24, 4 J, 124, 174, 218. See Batavia. 
Nueva Ciceres (Ca^eres, Cazeres, Span, city in Camarines) : location, i, 43, 5, 93, 

95, 9, 151, ^8, «53, a84; foundation, 15, 54, 17, 286, 18, 94; pop., I, 44, 7, 40, 

41, 8, 117; provin. capital, 8, 117, ao, 235, J J, 87; how governed, 8, 203, 7, 41, 

16, 148, 18, 95; its sec jurisd., 8, 118-127; described, 16, 147, 148, a8, 153, 209, 
36, 195; mines near, 5, 99; residence of bp., 36, 99 (see under Ecclesiastical 
estate) ; admin, by Fran., 7, 41, 8, 117, 118, 17, 209, 35, 284; hosp. at, 17, 172, 
»73f a«, 35^, 34, 431, 35, 289, 47, 209, 210; schools, 46, 119, 14a, 152, 157, 
159, 331, 242, >5^i 257, 3^^, 2^7, 313! decline, 23, 162, 163; succeeded by Ind. 
vill. of Naga (^.f^.), 38, 284, 285; various mention, 8, 117, 9, 217, 16, 147, 166, 

17, 17a, «75, «0, "a- 



636 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Nucva Castilla 

Nueva CatdlU ("New CMtik") ; ftpptllatioD of Phil. Im^ 1, iM; id^ 9i Lnado. 91, 
127. 

Nueym £cija (prov. in Luz6o) : when formed^ 48, 60; tribes in, 60, 70; tobaooo 
industry in, 50, 53, 54; eoc. dist, 98, s6S; schools^ 46^ 100; Tarioos mentiont 
14, a8a, 17, say. ^o, 270^ a8, a8$, 287, $i«. 

NuBVA EspANA^ (Espagna, Hespania, Hispania, Spanha, Spafia, er ''New Spain," 
gen. name of Span, possessions in N. America) — 

In gintrali called ''Antillas^" 4, 50; geographical relations to otiier regions, 33, 
lao^ 7» 53> aai, 9, 308, 14, 376; disooTcry (see Expeditions) ; conquest and paci- 
fication hy Span., 6, 56, 7, ai6, a6, 310; its port% I, 333, 3, 190, 14, 99; travel 
and transp. fna^ 16, 150, 17, 376, 18, 93, 19, 33, 33, 104-106 (freight charges), 
JO, 53, Jl, 396, aa, ia4f i75-»79, M% ^4, 373, a5> "7. «9» $«^ 30^ «»»; ships 
sail to and from, I, 53, 333, a. a5«» a54i aSS. 3, 45> «<H. «««» «7«» a49» •79t a«af 
a»S» 4. $iOk 6, 144, 306, 3"» $i«i 7» So^ «$4f «$5f «5» «. •SSt l^ 54f «4, Sa» I5, 
44-461 54, 65, 76, 116, 338, 16, 63, 17, 115. «S» 3Xi $«• 4Si 53, «o^ ^a, «aa, 181, 
246, 349, 350^ 366, 19, i4«, a33, ao, 153, 337, ai, 73, 185, aa, 67, 83, »X3, ai7- 
319, 336, a3, 47, 60b 69, 73, 76, 8o^ 95, "7, 155, i8i, 383, a4, 53, 53, 69, 94, 130, 
130. 153, 166, 197, 390^ 319, as, I3X, a6, 116, 181, a9, i7«, «94t 34, ao7, 395, 
a96, 35, a6, 308, 37, a4, a35, 365, 40, 3i, 33, 34, 4«, "9, «33, i««, x«3, «9X, 
345, 373, 385, 389, 303, 310, 49, 310^ 50, 304; eii^ed. sent from, 3, x", 4, xo6, 
6, 144, 14, 376, a3, xa7, 44, 53; natural features and product^ a, 363, 4, 63, 
77, 106, 14, 46, 47, 9x, too, 336, ai, 185, M, 143, a3, 313, a7, 173 (see also 
Mines, etc, and Plants); subject to Spain, 34, 337, ga, 97; various mention, 3, 
69, X33, X84, 379, 4, 81, 105, io6, 108, 146, 313, 6, 73, 7, 55, 89, 1x6, 8, 30a, 9, 
III, 116, 371, 10, 307, 14, 354, ao^ 301, 303, ai, 195, as, 347, a96, 34. as^ 44»f 
4a, 178, 51, 76. 

Social and economic: pop. and migration, 4, 53, 14, 143, 313, 17, 39, 50^ 97, 
19, 273, a3, 316, 348, a4, 56, ag, 33, aj, 303, 34, 838; effects of Span, 
ooloniz. there, I, 36; enoom. and repartimientos in, 40^ 4, 83, 83, 104, 105, 143, 
19, 373, 374, ^3, 376, 35, 196, 51, 90; native peoples (see Indians) ; commerce 
and trade (see under Commerce) ; industries, 4, 74, 7, 67, 94, 14, 54, ao, 198, 
a93, 217, 199, 203, 30, 68, 69, 98, 99, 36, 360, 45, 75, 50, 330 (see also Agriculture, 
Mines, Shipbuilding, and Silk) ; coasts raided by enemies and pirates, ig, 63, 
291, 292, 19, 215, M, 67, 128, 34, 39a, 4a, 213, 47, a34; money, la, 59, 133, 51, 
60; gen. conditions, I, 30, 5, a4, 7, «7, a3c^ 18, 184, 353, a7, 303, 31, 141, 45, 
66, 68, 70, 84. 

Government and administration: Span, policy, and method of govt, I, 36, 38; 
vill. belong to crown, 4, 141; Ind. reduced to settlements, 9, 339, ao, 331, 333 
(see Indians); their treatment, 8, 304, 19, 354. Viceroys - instructions or ord. 
to, 6, 38x, 398, 8, 308, 317, 318, 9, a36, 10, 180^ ix, 130, 364, 286, 14, 109, 370- 
377, 16, 175, 287, ^^, 147, 36, 73, 47, 45; powers and prerogatives, 14, 168, 16, 
174, 17, 313, 45, 218; official acts, 4, 310^ 6, 144, 312, 313, la, 54, 59, 16, 305, 
17, 149, 150, 18,43, 53, 336, 19, 199, a3, 127, 34, ao7, 396, 37, a7, 81, 4a, 310, 44, 
53; illegal acts, complaints against, etc, 6, 289, 314, 315, 10, 102, 174, il, 263, 14, 
loi, 17, 237, 19, 98-X03, ai, 55, 30, 134, 41, 34, 47, a37, 340; opinions, rep., 
etc., by, 1, 41, 42i 3, X75, 209-219, 6, 280, 289, la, 53, 54, 14, 60, 16, 289, 17, 35, 34, 
268, 269; various mention, 4, 108, 6, 66, 382, 307, 7, 2x5, 8, 147, 9, 276, 11, 

*Under this caption are included many items regarding Mexico wkick evidently 
refer to N. Esfaha in general, rather than to Mexico alone. 



Nueva Espaiia] index 637 

xa7» a85. 3x6, 1^,47, 103, 106, 115, 13, 308, 3x5. U, SZ, 55. a?©. I5. th «7. 3*. X35. 
18, 54, laa, 19, 95, 96, 90s, ao, 45. 48, 74, M, 67, J3, 47» 5x» ^x. ^4, 53, 308, 
«5. 45. 9«, a6, 150^ 15s, 369, 970^ aSi, 30» xai, aoi, 34. a5«. ^95. 37. a53, 4^, 
143 (see also namet of the respecdve viceroys^). Audiencia and chaooelleria- 

^Followimg is a list of these viceroys, toitk the term of each one^s ofice; most of 
these names, dowm to the third decade of the eighteenth centnrf, and a few after 
thai time, may he found in Uns index: 

AcuUa, Juan de. Marquis de Casafuerte; Oct., 1722 '^ $4, Ahumada y Fillalon, 
Agustin de. Marquis de las Amarillas; Nov,, ITSS-Feh., 1760, Alancastre, Fer- 
nando de, Duque de Linares; Jam,, 1711 -Aug,, 171&. Alhurquerque, — , 
Duque de; Nov., 1702 '^ Dec, 1710. Auanna, Miguel Josi de; May, 1708 -Aug., 
iSao. Berenguer de Marquina, Felix de (was gov. of Philippine Is. during 178S- 
92); Aug., 1800 -Jan., 1803. Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria; Sept., 1771- 
Apr,, J77Q. Cagigal de la Vega, Francisco; April -Oct., 1760 (ad interim). 
Calleja del Rey, Felix Maria; Mar., 1813-SepU, 1816. Carillo de Mendoua y 
Pimentel, Diego, Conde de Priego and Marquis de Gelves; Aug., 1621 -Nov., 
1624. Castro y Figueroa Salauar, Pedro de, Duque de la Conquista; Aug., 1740- 
Aug,, 1741. Cebrian y Agustin, Pedro, Conde de Fuenclara; Nov., 1742 -July, 
1746. Cerda, Tomas Antonio de la, Conde de Paredes and Marquis de la 
Laguna; Nov., 1680 -Nov., 1686. Cerda Sandoval SUva, Caspar de la, Conde 
de Galve; Nov., 1688 -Feb., i6q6. Colon de Portugal, Pedro Nuno, Marquis de 
Jamaica; Dec. 8-13, 1673. Croix, Cdrlos Francisco de, Marquis de Croix; Aug., 
1766 -Sept., 177 1. Dien de Armendariu, Lope, Marquis de Cadereita; Sept., 163$ 
"Aug., 1&40. Enriqueu de Almansa, Martin; 1568 "Oct., 1580. Enriqueu de 
Gunman, Marquis de Villaflor; May, 1650 - July, l6s3» Enriqueu de Rivera, 
Payo, OJS.A. (abp. of Mexico); Dec, 1673 -Oct, ^^* Fernandez de C6rdoba, 
Diego, Marquis de Guadalcdzar; Oct., 1612-1621. Fernandez de la Cueva, 
Francisco, Duque de Alhurquerque; July, l6s3-Sept., 1660. Florez, Manuel 
Antonio; Aug., 1787 -Oct., 1789. Galvez, Bernardo de, Conde de Galvez (son 
of following); June, 178$ -Nov., 1786. Galvez, Matias de; Apr., 1783 -Nov., 
1784. Garihay, Pedro; Sept., 1808 -July, 1809. Grua Talamanca, Miguel de 
la. Marquis de Branciforte; July, 1794 -May, 1798. GUemes de Horcasitas, Juan 
Fronds CO de, Conde de Revilla Gigedo; July, 1746-1755. GUemes Pacheco de 
Padilla, Juan Vicente, Conde de Revilla Gigedo (son of preceding); Oct., 1789- 
July, 1794. Guerra, Garcia, O.P. (abp. of Mexico); June, 1611 -Feb., 

1612. H err era y Rivero, Vicente de (regent of Aud.) ; Nov., 1784- June, 1785. 
Hurtado de Mendoza y Luna, Juan Manuel, Marquis de Montesclaros; Sept., 
1603 - 1607. Iturrigarary, Josi de; Jan., 1803 - Sept., 1808. Leiva y de la Cerda, 
Juan de, Conde de Banos; Sept., 1660 -June, 1664. Lizana, F. J. de (abp. of 
Mexico); July, 1809 -May, 1810. Lopez Pacheco Cabrera y Bobadilla, Diego, 
Duque de Escalona and Marquis de Villena; Aug., 1640- June, 1642. Malo de 
Villavicencio, Pedro (oidor); Aug., 1741 -Oct., 1742. Manrique de Ztlniga, 
Alonso, Marquis de Villamanrique ; Oct., 1585 -Dec, 1589. Mayor ga, Martin 
de; Aug., 1778 -Apr., 1783. Mendoza, Antonio de; 1530-49. Monserrat, Joa- 
quin, Marquis de Crulllas; Oct., 1760- Aug., 1766. Moya y Contreras, Pedro de 
(abp. of Mexico) ; Sept., 1584 - Oct., 1585. MuHoz, Alonso (roy. inspector sent from 
Spmn; gov. ad interim); Oct., 1567 -Apr., 1568. Novella, Azdbal, Perez y 
Sicardo, Francisco; July -Sept., 1821. Nunez de Haro y Peralta, Alonso (abp. 
of Mexico); May -Aug., 1787. O'Donoji, Juan; Aug.- Oct., 1821 (succeeded 



638 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Nucva Espafta 

NuBVA EsPANA (condmied) — 

itB membcra, J, 297, 6, 75, IJ, 194. 4^, 165; ■uthority, 15, 39. l«. 3«9. 19. 273. 
J J, 252 (gov. country ad intnim, 30, 137, ia8) ; defpatchet Legazpi's exped., and 
instnicti him, J, 77, 78, 89-101, 105, 106, 396, 18, 53; diractt affain of PhiL 
colony, 5, 198, 9, 371 ; a court of appeal for initt in PhiL Ii^ 4, 84, 8, 313-316, 

13, 234; ordinincet, JO, 143, 144, 50, 199; yariooa mention, a, 100, a, 393, 304, 
307, 4, ai9, 238, 7, ao8, 309, 9, 156, la, 195, 13, 3139. 3". «5. 35. «0. «40b M, 
33, 38, 132, 133, ^. I". 36, 73, 48. «i8, 49. i9«; otlier legal matters, 6, 66, 
JO, 177, Ji, 96, a J, 347, 373, 39, 383, 4a, 303. Roy. treat., aee under Revenue 
and exchequer. Roy. officials - complaints against; aa, 75, 76, 24, 355, 37, '3; 
various mention, 3. 847, 384, 4. S«, 8, 354, II, 38, JO, 359, 303, J3, 37, 38, J6, 
30^ 3 J, 279, 34, 399, 300; public offices sold, 30, 103; tribunal (or bureau) of 
accts., 17, 178, JO, 64, J4, 393, J7, »35. H^. a47. 48. 38, SSt 55. 5^ (•« "^ 
Offices and officials) ; laws rdg., 17, 37 (see also Books: RecopiUddu de leyes di 
indias. 

Relations nmth Philippines: relations to the Far East, J, 37; dependence of Phil, 
colony on, I, 33, 3. «8o^ 4. 77. H^ ^, »6o, 165, 169, 170, 30a, 303, 85^ 304. 7. 
87-89, 113, 144, 151, 156, 206, 8, 308, 10, loi, 210, IJ, 137, 13, «38» 14. 73. 
178, 18, 157, 34, 399, 36, 53; sends aid thither (money, food, mil. supplies, etc), 
I, 84, J, 188, 227, 4, loi, i3o^ 310, 8. as, ^. 50^ 5«. 73. 7. 57. H3. «44, «5«. «5». 
9, 93, 155, 2iao, a«8, a7«, 10, 145, 11, 106, 118, 376, 377, 314, U, 70, 13, yA, 

14, 73, 162, 176, 248, 377, 16, 337, 17, 149, 150. 18, 53, JO, 171, JJ, 6s, 363- 
267, J4, 120, 325, «^. Hx, 34, a3«. 404. 37, 81, 38, 144, 80, 38, 8^, 97*. »« 
annual remittance, called sisuado, 6, 357, IJ, 166, 13, 50^ 51. i6, 191, 193, 18, 
X95, «96, ^48, J3, 37, 43, ^4. ^55. ^8. 7«. 77, ^9, 7*. 3Bt ««. 37. «3. 38, 103, 
44, 259, 297, 47, 47, 237, 49, 3", SO, $2, 53, 91, 187, 81, 118, I3i; id. (men), 3, 

by the independent nation of Mexico). Ortega Montanen, Juan de (bp. of 
Michoacan); Feb. ^ Dee., i6q6, and Nov., 1701 '^ Nov., 1702. Osorio de Escobar 
f Llamas, Diego (abp. of Mexico); June - Sept., i6&f, Oialara, Pedro de (Mar); 
Feb, -Oct., 1612. Pacheco f Osorio, Rodrigo, Marquis de Cerralvo; Nov., 1624" 
Sept., idjs. Palafox f Mendoua, Juan (bp. of Puebla, and visitador-gen. for N. 
Espana) June -Oct., 1642. Peralta, Gaston de. Marquis de Falces; Sept., ts6s~ 
Oct., 1567. Peralta, Matias de (oidor); Apr., id^Q-Julf, t6so. Portocarrero, 
Melchor, Conde de Monclova; Nov., 1680 -Sept., 1688. Ruiu de Apodaca, Juan; 
Sept., 18 id -July, 1821. Sancheu Pareda, Eusebio (regent of Aud.); Nov., 1786- 
May, 1787. Sarmiento de Sotomayor, Garcia, Conde de Salvatierra, and Mar^ 
quis de Sabroso; Nov., 1642 -May, 1648. Sarmiento Vatladares, Josi, Conde de 
Montezuma; Dec, i6q6-Nov., 1701. Suareu de Mendoua, Lorenuo, Conde de la 
Coruna; Oct., 1580- June, 1582. Toledo, Antonio Sebastian de. Marquis de 
Mancera; Oct., 1664- Nov., 167s. Torres y Rueda, Mdrcos de (bp. of Yucatan); 
Feb. 1648 -Apr., 1649. Valderrama, — (roy. visitor); Aug., Is64-Mar., is6&. 
Velasco, Luis de; Nov., 15419- July, 1564. Velasco, Lms de, Conde de SamAago 
(son of preceding); Dec, 1589 -Sept., 159$, and July, 1607 -June, 161 1. Ven- 
egas, Francisco Javier; Sept., i8io-Feb., 181 3. Fizarron y Eguiarreta, Juan 
Antonio de (abp. of Mexico); 1734- Aug., '74^* ZuHiga, Baltasar de. Marquis 
de Falero; Aug., 1716 -Oct., 1722. ZMga y Acebedo, Gaspar de, Conde de 
Monterey; Sept., 159$ -Sept., 1603. (In this list, members of the Audiencia, and 
ecclesiastics - excepting Enriqueu de Rivera and Fizarron -were but rulers ad 
interim). 



Numancia] INDEX 639 

39. 3<». 4* 3«3» 6, 181, 254. 7» 163, 9, «4a, a4a, 243t lO, 47, 133-138, ii, 117, 
14, 53» 63, 69, 15, 47. 48. 60b 381, 16, 45, 46, 49, 146, X75, 386, 397, 398, 305, 18, 
181, 183, 19, ia6, 14s, 148, M5, 258, 36o^ 393, ao, 48, 49, 95, 153, jj, 74, 88, 
34, 388, j8, 304, 39, 73, 74, 34, 305, 387, 405, 38i i97» »«^. 37. »7. 4i, 303. 47. 
75 (but among these are criminals and vagabonds, 10, 93, 3 J, 34, 35, 197 -see 
Crimes and criminals) ; neglects needs of Phil^ 4, 146, 6, 373, 397, 8, 359, 10, 
173, J J, 311, J3, a9. 38. 94. «4, X97. «98. ai7. ^5, 4«. 34, ai6, 33i, 395, 399, 300, 
37t 19^ 319, 38, 156, 47, 46, 69, 337; persons banished to, from Phil., 3, 56, 
xxo, 378, 7, 85, 105-XIX, X34, II, 379, 34. 269, 43, 137, 333; aid to cathedral and 
rel. ord. sent from (see under Ecclesiastical affairs: Missions, and die various 
reL ord.)* See also Commerce. 

Nueva Granada (or Nuevo Reino de Granada, Span. prov. in S. America) : various 
mention, li, 107, 14, 37, 17, 33, 37, 154, 4S, 335- 

Nueva Guipilizcoa (prov. in Mindanao) : rel. condition, 38, 374, 377, 347. (Erected 
in 1847, 1850; comprised the S. part of Caraga prov.; see Buzeta and Bravo's 
Diccionario, ii, p. $66,) 

Nueva Murcia (settlement in Mindanao) : foundation (1596), 16, 373. 

Nueva Segovia (Span, colony in Cagayin) : location, I, 44, 5, 36, 7, 37, 133, 9, 
151, 10, 165, I J, 305, j8, 388, 39, 40, 31, 116, 3a, 359, 34, 383; foundation, 5. 
a6, 33, 193, 15, 57. 16, 166, 18, 93, 30, 379, 34. 383, 384; described, 16, 146, 147, 
18, 100, loi, 30, 373, 36, 193, 194; pop. (Span.), I, 44, 7, 37, 38, 8, 108, 18, 
338, 31. 368, 36, 98, X93, 364, 365; admin, and officials, 5, 203, 7, 37, 8, xo8, 
II, X05, 16, 147, 17, 183, 18, 339 (provin. gov.), 39, 168, 30, 139. 3i. "6, 
228, 33. >ax, 45, 337, 338; importance and juried., 8, xo8, 115, 30, 334; various 
mention, 6, 304, 7, 37, 38, 8, no, 9. 83, 10, 164, 230, 15, 164, 165, 3o, 303, 33, 
163, 39, 168, 196, 304, 30, 371, 373, 380, 399, 31, 7X. X4». «a8, 37. xai; no longer 
existent, 14, 289, 16, 147; convent in, 8, 108, 9, 316; capital of diocese (see 
Ecclesiastical affairs). 

Nueva Segovia (prov. in Luz6n, apparently the same as Cagayin) : described, 18, 
338, 339, 19, 380; physical features, 14, 301, 30, 131, 33, 313, 30, 373 (earth- 
quake in, 19, 67, 33, 313, 3a, 103, 104) ; its inhab., 19, 387, 31, 105, 36, 379, 
30, 373, 375, 377, 380, 31. 337, 338, 340^ 364-370. 321, 41-44, 113, 339, 373, 373; 
their language, 31, 38, 340^ 264, 3a, 190^ 191, 313, 36, 194, 37. >38; conquered 
by Span. (1581), 30, 373-381, 31. 70; insurrections in, 17, 174, 30, 151, 357, 
303, 31, 106, 39, 159, 3a. "3. X3I, X47, X9»» »93. 38, 94; admin, by 
Dom., 17, 183, 184, 336, 19, a8o. 387, 33, 233. ^7. 309, ^9. 4«. 30, 356, 37X, 
380-385, 31, 37. "5, 133, ^SSf 158. 191. «93» «H. 331. 333. 240^ 363, 364, 377, 
388, 391, 3a, 37, 39, 45, 88, 93, 94, I03, 103, 141, 191, 3>i, 373, 373, 37, 67, 78, 
94. 47. 139; various mention, 15, 57. ^o, 48, no, 30, 309, 31, 373, 321, 156, 43, 
74. See Cagayin. 

Nueva Valencia (vill. in Negros): pop. (admin, by Rec.), 38, 331. 

Nueva Vizcaya (prov. in Luz6n) : early exploration and conquest, 9, 308, 14, 383, 
aa, 37; organized, 17, 303; its people, 3^, "3, 48, 63, 73, 83, 5a, 333, 334; 
other mention, 31, 37, 33, 300^ 3ox, 46, loi. 

Nuevo Santander (city in Mex.) : foundation and location, 48, 334. 

Nuevo Toledo (vill. of peaceable Zambals) : founded, and natives gathered into, 38, 
337, 43, 43, 47, 394-397; admin, by Dom., 37. 349, 41. 351, 43. 66, 47, 336. 337; 
other mention, 336, 339. 

Nuin (vill. in Mindanao) : inhab. by Moros, 43, 199. 

Numancia (vill. in Mindanao) : pop. (admin, by Rec), 38, 344. 



640 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Nuoez 

Nunez, Juan (Span, told.): drowned, ^ 99. 

Nofiez, Diego: acts as witneti, 4, 376, ati. 

Nufiez, Diego, O.P.: arrivet at Manila, 37, laS. 

N<!^ez, Frandtco: his encom., 8, 13a 

Nufiez, Caspar: pilot, 34, laa 

Nufiez, Jof6 (FiL writer) : his description of present superstitioos in Lua6ii, 43, 96, 
310-319. 

NiHfiez, Juan, O.8.A.: sketch, 4a, 399. 

Nufiez, Marco, O.P.: dies at sea, 35, aS. 

Ndfiez, Miguel: illness, 4, aSo; his enoom., 8, 113. 

Nunez de Balboa, Vasoo (Span, explorer): discovers South 8ea (1513), i, 36. 

Nunez Braro, Francisco^ O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 31. 

Nufiez Crespo, Capt Diego: official ads by, 4a, 1S5, 45, 147. 

Nufiez Hernandez, Luis: reward for, decreed, 7, 15a 

Nufiez de Herrera: 14, 4a, 44. (Apparently an error for Mufios de Hemra, g.v.) 

Nufiez de Mancelos, Ynado (Port ship-capt) : commandant of Goa, 7, 80. 

NiU&ez Pareja (Parexa), Crist6bal (Christoval, Span, conquistador): accompanies 
Villalobos, J, 60; his encom., 8, 136, 34, 307, 308. 

Nufiez de Pefialosa, Hernando: member of Misericordia, 47, 36. 

Nufiez de Prado, Dr. Bias: in Phil., 40^ 194. 

Nufiez de Pyatos, Hernando: apparently error for Mufioz de Payatos (9.5.) 1 ^> S46. 

Nufiez de Quiros, Geronimo: countersigns decree, 38, 174, 175. 

Nufio Colon, Pedro (Duque de Veraguas, viceroy of N. Espafia) : death, 4a, 143. 

Nunc de Villavicencio, Joseph Antonio (regidor) : contract with apostolic tribunal, 
38, Its. 

Nurses: in Manila, I, 43, 8, 248; school for, 35, 391; needed, 6, 160^ 7, 144, a68; 
other mention, 34, 308, 47, 334, 335. 

Nuts: article of trade, 3, 376, 6, 50, 150^ J9, 306; uses, 15, 108, 47, 373. Almond- 
where produced, 15, iiz, 34, 69, xai; uses, a, 190^ j6, 393, 33, 165, 34» >63> 
38, 373, 47, 167, 373; article of trade, 16, 184, 19, 316, 44, 301. Betel -de- 
scribed, 38, 281; article of trade, 3J, 187, 51, 150; various mention, 4, 333, 7, 
191, I J, 303, 33, X33, 39, a6, 34, 43, i5«, «54- Boa^tf - described, 4, ««i l^» 
97. 39, 300; use and effects, 4, 333, 16, 98, 99, 31, 34. 4©, 135, 4«. 107; exported, 
306 (for both this and betel, see Buyo). Chestnut - article of trade, 6, 150^ 317, 
7, 34, 15, 303, 16, 179, J9, 306; various mention, 3, 5^» ^S, 108, iix, 33, 4X» 47, 
374. Cocoa (coco) -where produced, 3, 379, 4, 385, 8, 3xx, 15, ixi, 33, 133, 
187, 307, 34, 69, 107, HI, IIS, 41, 44. 43, 136, 157. 44, 4«. 81, 85; described, 
36, 300; uses (food, etc.), 3, i9». ^9^ 8. 169, 13. 168, 15, 107, I9, ^83, 24, 83, 
^7. 93. 219, 399, 31, 85, 33, 99. «05. «07. »^5. %^$, 34. 38«. 38, 51, 66, 365, 47. 
356; id., of its juice, 39, 393, 34, 381, 38, 5«. W, 40, 140, 4®, "7; oi shells, 5, 
169, 34, 381, 40, 146, 41, SO. 43, aS9. 30». 48, 309; of husk (see Ships: Cordage; 
called bonoU), 10, 58, 14, 357, 18, 337, 48, 399, 300; nuts in trade, 6, 139, 10, 
396, 16, 30I, 39, 395, 300, 34, 189, 37, 47. 43, 169; other mention, a, 108, 15. 
396, 33, 109, 331, 335, 360, 34, 61, 38, 363. Filbert, i, 334. Hazel, 3, a93. Pine, 
15, III. Walnut, I, 334, 7, 34, 15, III, 303, 16, 179, x8o. 

Nuzzi, Adeodato, O.S.A. (gen. of ord.) : reforms by, 4a, 393. 

Oas (vill. in Camarines) : admin, by Fran., 38, 157, 168, 35, 313, 36, 317. 

Oasque (vill. in Camarines): pop. (admin, by Fran.): 35, 385, 386. 

Oaths: admin, and form of, I, 138, 163, J, 60, 61, 91, 338, 3, 308-310, 4, iS7> ^^^ 



Ocampo] INDEX 641 

a39» 6, 50^ 8, 14, 90^ H. «79f i«o^ i«8, 9, $S. A X59, i«o^ lO. 1$7-XS9» ". ^9% 
301, I3» 3X5» 39* 1S3, 1S5, 198, 50, ao5; form of, taken by Span, kings, i, 119, 
135 ; taken by depatiet to junta, Coitei, etc, 161, 163, 173, 174, 19^ 170^ 8X» ^95 ; 
peace confirmed by, 9, 287, 298; broken, 13, 376 (penalty), 393, 17, 91, a8, 178, 
49, 167; to obfenrc contract!, 9, 175, 178-180; of wcrccy, 8, 358, 359, 380; taken 
under compultion, 49> iSS; of allegiance, 9. I7«f 37f «37. 48» a34» 8l» 33; of 
Mahometans, 14, 115, 34, 51, 53; not required from them or from heathens^ 4, 
148, i66, 170^ 181, 183; of natives, 3, 165, 7» 99-ioi, 134, 8, 307, II, 394, 397, 
I3» 3^1 37» I4i 385, 386, 390^ 391, 16, 371, 339, 38, 75 (in form of imprecations; 
faithfully obsenred), 79, 38, 334, 336, 40, i33» ax*. 43, 5«» 53» "5. "^i 4^» 7*1 
109; by explorers, i, 351, a, 60^ 91, 100, 3, 63; by officials and officers, J, 60^ 61, 

91. 3, 3o8-3«o» 4, i9ai i93» «39. a73. «74. 5. 3oi-304t 309» 3«ai ^ 36-38, «» «88f 
9, i57f «59, «9«, 10, I37-X39> "» 34. X8, I35. ^4. ^03, J6, 31, 37, 337, 239-343, 
38, 178, 34> 24^ ^43. 38> 75> 39> i75> ^9h HS* 4^, a^ 265, 44> X59* 48> 69, 

80, 193, 338; by witnesses, 4> 157. is8. i«i. »a<N »30^ 8> as'. ««». ^. 35» «» 90» 
180^ 183, 9, 33, 37-39, 91, 93, 10, 336, 338, 341, 243, II, 46, 49, 50, 394-396, 399- 
301, 13, 277. a84. a85. i^. 3a9. ^8, a79. «^. 7«-84. 109-113, j8, 36, 38, 30, 158, 31. 
50 (see also Legal anfl judicial) ; by ecc. and miss's, 8t 257, 6, 53, 9, 91, 17, 164, 
37, 31, j8, 118, 30, 183, 39, 379, 4 J, 177, 393; by members of Mtserioordia, 47, 
53, 54, 81 ; various mention, i, 356, 358, 8» 314. 3«6» ^ ^47. 9. S9. «9. 65, a8, 
36, 36, 84, 39f 76* 48> i7<» 8^* 248. 

Oazaca (Oajaca, Vazaca, prov. in Mexico): Dom. miss's in, 14, 333. 
Obando (Ovando) y Solis, Jos6 Frandsoo^ Marques de (gov. of Phil.): acts and 
events in his term of office, 17, 331, 47, 363, 369, 48, 35, 154, 158, 164, 187, 313, 

81, 311; ordinances by, j8, 303, 46, 385, 387, SO, 333-334; residenda, and death, 
48, 168; sketch, 17, 396, 48, 153. 

Obango: Moro rancheria, 43, 197. 

Obeso, T. M., S.J.: aid from, acknowledged, I, 17. 

Otras pias (''pious" or "charitable" foundations) : defined, J9, 398, 48t i37» 8l> 
148; hosp., enumerated, 47, 308-333; amount or value, 44, 371, 47, 208, 314, 8I> 
149; arrears in incomes of, 46, 33; numerous in Spain, S"*-, 14S; objects, nature, 
and use, 44, 374, 376, 381, 48, 4*, as^. 47t 4«, 4*1 »ao, S't «48i 5^, 3*0; admin, 
and management, j8, 199, 355, 47, 308-323, 8X» 57t i48» 149 (abuse or neglect 
therein, 57, 241, 242, 283); regulations for, 4 J, 56, 45, 325; invested in foreign 
trade, 17, 46, aS, 298, 44, 278, 280^ 481 39, 8I, 240^ 241, 283; profits therefrom, 
48, 140, so, 305, 306; loans from, granted to citizens or to govt, 36, 281, 48, 
Z45, 184, 3x3, 8ii H^'^SO^ 24X, 8^, 84; relief funds loaned to, 156; various men- 
tion, 4S» 253, 266, so, 306, 81) i49» 24X, 265; extinguished, and funds used to 
capitalize public bank (1851-52), 57, s^* i>7i 208. 

Obregon, Juan Mateo: encom. assigned to, 34, 309. 

Obuyon (vill. in Tayabas) : admin, by sec., a8, 154. 

Ocadiz, Juan de, O.S.A.: conspires to murder his provincial, and is hanged, x8, 84- 
89. 34, 94, 95; sketch, 57. 

Ocadiz, Martin de (Span, officer) : various mention, 29, 2x5, 38, 57. 

Ocampo (wealthy Manila family) : help to pay ransom of dty, 49, 345. 

Ocampo. See also Fernandez de Ocampo, and Garda de Ocampo. 

Ocampo, — (Fil. map-maker) : his work, 4Si 277. 

Ocampo, Andres de, O.S.A.: sketch, 24, 55, zoz. 

Ocampo, Antonio de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 91; sketch, etc., 109, 130^ 131. 

Ocampo, Frandsco de: facsimile of autograph, 9, 213. 



642 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Ocampo 

Ocampo, Francitco de (citizen of ManiU) : death, 39, aSa 

Ocampo, Gonzalo de: apptd. admiral, 19, 80. 

Ocafia, Francitco de, O.SJF.: lettert by, 35, 9!, 99, 331, a6, 13a, 133. 

Ocana y Alarcon, Gabriel de (roy. •ec'y): countersigns decrees, 38, 40, 41, 43-47, 
103, 132, 147, a6, laa, ia6, J7» 44. 47. 49. 5*. ^19. 104-xxS. X7«. 178. x8x. x8a. 
«9i-«93. 30, 9a, 97. «oi, 109, 3^. a9«. 38. 5St 57. xa^ xa7- 

Oceania (Oceanica, division of world) : various mention, 35, 160^ 43, 306, 50, 375. 

Oceans and Seas — 

In general: on maps and globes, i, 134, 179; discoveries in, ay, 98, 107, 148, 
380-285; controversies over rights in, 116, laa, 333, 48, 367-373; in treaties, i, 
117, 131, 131, 139, 311, 333; grants in, and demarcation of, 99-iic^ I33, 138, 308, 
324, 237, 3, 124; navig. of, is free, by law of nations, 4, 59, 48, 367, 369, 371; 
various mention, I, 38, 135, 316, 7, 191, 9, 54, 38, 43 ; tides and currents, i, aoi, 
^. x«9. 3, 59. 9a. a35, 8. xoi, 16, iio (called "races"), m, 115, 357, 359. 3«x. 
19, 309, 3iOi JJ, 100, J7, 313, a8, 317, 39, 41, 30, 137. 31. Si, 153, 303, 38, 138. 
a47. aso^ 37. X4S. a60b 39. 84. X09, no, 41. 39. a45, 395. 896, 47. 93; rteh and 
shoals, 3. 59. aas, 4, 315, 316, 6, 133, 10, 317, 330^ u, 366, 13, «5. «^. xx9. xai, 

133, 331, 18. 109, no, 118, 165, 183, 346, 16, 109, 303, 384, 3II, I8, 334, I9. 

167, 310, ao, 33, ai, 133, 138, 336, 308, aa, 187, 314, a3, 95. X33. X75. ^4. xaob 
a6, 63, 37, 370^ 301, a8, 384, a9, 41, 159, 384, 311, 31. xoi, 117. X3a, 3^, 368, 33, 
a3x. asi, 330. 35©. 35a, 34. 4«. 5«. 57. 105, ni, 119, 187. i9<^ 191. a37, 395, 3B, 
36, 137, 182, 195, 233, 247, 37. 177. «90. ao7, 38, 4a, 60, 347, 355, 364, 39. «o, 
83, 113, 40, 4a, 70^ 7«. 333. 41. X77. a36, 347. 3«9. 4^. laa, 43. 13X» X33. 188-190^ 
44. 7S, 83, 97, 48. a90, 46, $6, 47. 6^. a94, 8I. 75- 

Enumerated — 

Atlantic O. (also called Mar del Norte, or Northern S. or O.). x» a3, 137, 138, 
310, 311, 14. 9«. 31, ai9. 

Black S., I, 337, 16, 334. 

Calamianes S., 48t a9a 

Camarines S., a9, 166. 

Caspian S^ 16, 334, a7, 9a 

Celebes S., 43, 183. 

China S., 6, 329, M, 197, a8, 301, 303, 313, 333, 3^, 93. «58, 43, 169, 187, 49, 
82, 198, 81. frontispie€e (chart). 

Damascus 8., 18, 304. 

Eastern O., i, 310, 311, 331, 337, I8. 37. 4«. ^^ a33, 44. i49 (•« below Pacific). 

Gamuca S., a8, 385. 

"Great" S., 34. ia4. 

Indian O., 16, 303. 

Indian S., 34, 170. 

Laut Chidal (t./., South 8., or Pacific O.), 34, 134, 139, 167. 

Mediterranean, 16, 334, ^^^ 39, ay, 89, 90^ a8, 183. 

Mexican, 36, loi. 

Mindanao, a8, 318. 

Mindoro, 38, 29, 43, a8s, 45. a9a 

Northern O. (Mar del Norte), 6, 289, 295, 8, 316, 9, 309, IX, 193, la, 53, 54, 
13, X16, 264, 19, X18, ai, 296, a4, 3x4, a8, 288 (see above, Atlantic O.). 

Ocean S. (appellation of Pacific O., q,v. below), i, 148, 271, a, 83, 9, 3x3, aa, 
a36, 33, a7, 29, 31, 37, 77, 276, 29a 

Oriental, 48, 297. 



OflSces] INDEX 643 

Pacific O. (alto called Ocean S., EaBtern O^ and South S.)f i» 2$, 30, 71, 297, 
310, 311, 321, 9, 272, 309, 14, 184, J4. 166, 33, «9. 73t 89i 3«o, 37, a6o, 5^, 1*3; 
a comml. highway, 14, 91, 183 ; contest of nations for supremacy in, 53, 124. 

Red S. (Mar Rojo or Rubro), i, 194, 195, 3, 206, 16, 135, 206, 224, 17, 307, 

33, 3^^- 

South (or Southern) S. (Mar del Sur), early appellation of Pacific O., g.v., 

I, 26, 233, 281, J, 50^ 8oi 250, 28X, 3, 190, 4, xao, 5, 30, ^, 89, 137, 138 (here called 
"Mar de Damas*'), 3", 7, 81, 9, aya, 309, ", '39, X74, a5«, i^, 53, 54, 62, 13, 
116, 15, 56, 61, 62, 102, 104, 205, 330, 16, 209, 17, 33, 251, 18, 184, 196, 280, 19, 
118, 236, Ja, 127, 128, J3, 5«, "a, 114, «a4, "8, 33, 5«, ^99, 36, 189, 37, aa8, 39, 
53, 43, 118, 5^, W3. 
Sulu (Sooloo) S^ 38, 318, 43, 131, 182, 186, 190^ 192. 
Visayas S., J8, 313, 318, 322. 

Western S., appellation of Atlantic O., g,v^ x, 310, 311, 3^6, 337, 48, 207. 
White S., 48, 268. 
Ochando, Federico (gov. of Phil.) : sketch, 17, 3x1. 

Ochian (prov. in China) : books sold and printed in, 3, 206. See Hu-Kwang. 
Ochoa, Alonso de, O.S.A.: instigates trouble, a6, 100. 
Ochoa, Diego de, O.S.A.: life, official acta, etc., xa, 235, J5, 218, 219, 232-236, 249, 

37, 156, «^5. 
Ochoa Arriola, Juan (cura) : merits promotion, J5, 311. 

Ochoa de Orguiza, — : signs statement, 9, 159. 

Ochoa de San Vicente, Gregorio, O.P.: life and labors, 29, 27, 30, 125, 136, 21a 

Ochoa Sarape (or Lara?), Juan de: his treason, 18, 77. 

Ochoa Ttabudo, Juan (interpreter) : acts by, 4, 148, 152, 159, 161, 170^ 172. 

Ocio y Ocampo, Manuel Antonio de (bp. of Cebd) : various mention, J8, 177, 41, 
118, 47, a8. 

Oc-Kin: 33, 237, 238. See Fo-Kien. 

Ocmug (vill. in Leyte) : admin, by Jes., 36, 55. 

Octavio, Fray MatiiU (cura) : promotes cult, of indigo, 50, 52. 

Ocufia de Chu (noble of Camboja) : in political disturbances there, 15, 87, 146-149, 
152. 

Ocuna (Acuna), Laksamana (Lacasamana, Malay chief) : his intrigues in Cambodia, 
15, 88, 150, 156, 187-190, 277-278. 

Odia (Siam) : 15, 244. See Ayuthia. 

Odiongan (vill. in Tablas) : pop., a8, 318; admin, by Rec., 152, 317, 318. 

O'Donnel (vill. in Pampanga) : pop. (admin, by Rec), a8, 313. 

Odoric, Friar (early traveler) : cited, 3, 77. 

Ofhces — 

In general: how and on whom conferred, i, 56, 5, 203, 289, 6, 164, 187, 7, 148, 
149, 8, 269, 9, 232-234, 238, 10, 88, 89, 110-112, II, 114, 115, la, 131, 13, 234, 14, 
159, 18, 126, 127, ao, 166, 176, a7, i43-«45, 51, 251, 5a, 110; hereditary, i, 56, 
a, 156-158, 48, 183; gen. information, a, 168, 3, 251, 252, 4, 114, 5, 81, 302, 
7, 59, 85, 114, 149, 9, "6, 117, 10, 118, 120, 121, 218, la, 95, 96, 17, 331, 332, 
a4, 208, 209, 4a, 73, 74, 5a, 83, 102, 255. 

Appointments: how made, 9, 117, 11, 78-80, 18, 175, 310^ 312, 19, 113, 114, 
129, ao, 133, 168, ai, 104, 36, 305, 44, axo, 211, 50, 102, 103, sa, 79, 80, 82; 
regulations for, 6, 164, 16, 167, ao, 138-146; by competition and examinations, 
18, 338, as, 273, 311, 312, 3a, loo* 34, 350, 39, 292, 46, 225; abuses in, 10, 
101, xa, 49, 18, 291, 306, 315, 325, 19, 89, aa, 66; reforms needed, x8, 306, 44, 



644 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Offices 

Offices (ooodnued) ^ 

176-179; nepotism forbidden, 8, aS6, a88, 6, %$, %6^ la, 114, iis» so, isS, 139; 
on whom should be bestowed, 6, 164, 165, 17S9 a7s» I3« a6o^ a6a, 16, 17s, 175, 
18, 151, JO, 139, 143-146, j6, 148, 149, J7, 44, $$g, 38f MSf 37» a$Ob 3«, i»^ 
338, 41, 65, 8a, 194; by crown, 3, a8a, 5, 81, aos-ao4, 8, 186-192, 1 1, a8i, is, 

39. 40. 5»» 7»» i6» «««» I9» X94» ^«» a7-4«. ^4» S3> $9f «»» ««$» 3i, aa4, 4^ 271, 
44» 176, 81, a87; by yiceroys, IJ, 49, 59, 13, 230^ JO, 95, 96, Ji, 76, J J, 4$, 
^7» »33 ; by gov^ I, 64, 3, 63, 173, 187, a8i, 8> 4«, 43» 8«-85. «7f 93t 97. 109, aox, 
^3. 6, 276, 7, 116, 163, 8, 36, a79, 10, 116, 11, 375, «««. 13, MS, 136-339, »6o, 

14, 155. 156. a8o^ 16, 147, 166, 169, 17». «8«. 17. 36, S»«. ««. »59. 19, »», 14«, 
X43. »65, JO, 80, 95, 337, 338, 347, M, 37, 38, 150b 375, J3. 105, 106, 110^ J4. 
178. 335. 337. «5. 5*. 3S> 56, I77. «7«» a7S, »97. S05-SX6, J6^ 41, 43, 90^ 147, at% 
J7, »6, 37, 43, 44, 338, 339, 333, 336, 345-349, J9. 50^ 5«. 63, 143, 504, 31, 149. 
34. ^3. 25>> S53> 4>4, 44i. 38, 139, 330^ 345, ^46, 373, 390, 36, 3o8, 37, 4i» 59. 
61, 191, 369, 380, 38, 75. 4^. 173. »58. 259. 44. »to, 46, 84, 48. x88. 5©, 49, 50^ 
307, 354; by oidors or other officials, 8, >93, 303, 304, 14, 196, 18, 53, 17, 331, 
JO, 139, 143, 143, Ji, 96, J7, 333, ^8, 138, 4«, X65, 169, 80, 307, 306, 343, 345. «48, 
»54. 255; to mil. posts, 14, 144, 16, 174, 18, 318, JJ, 66, J8, 349, *$<>, 44. 176, 
310; to those in ships, etc, i, 91, 6, 165, 7, 151, 10, loi, 139-131, 370^ ll, 115, 
«>6, IJ, 59, 70, 74, 75, 13, 339, 357, 360-363, 14. 7». 17. 36, I9f 89. 99-ioa. 167, 
^o, 95, 143, JJ, 356, J3, "1-114. ^5. S». 36, J9. 83, 83, 304, 48. a67, $0, 103; 
to alcaldias, etc., 3. I73, «74. «89. 8. 4«, «5. «7i 97. ^^ «. 30b 36, «S5. I<^. «««. 
17, 321, 18, 307, 310^ 19, 83, 143, JO, 317, JJ, 360, J4, 3««-Sx6, J7, 44. ^9, 
304, 36, 305, 37. 59, 5a, 64; of Fil., 18, 318, J5, 150, 40, $2, 319, 44, ««. 45, 
168, 175, 46, 134, 354, 355, 81, aoi, 5^, 86; gen. information, 8, S<»-S05. ^. 63, 

63. ai9, 359, 366, 367, 7, 168, 169, 16, 166, 19, 81, 131, 367, JO, 83, 84, 113, JJ, 

64, 149, 150, J3, III, 113, J4, 58. ^5, Ml, M3, J7, 333, j8, 349, 350^ 36, 300^ SO, 
307, 309. 

Miscellaneous: sale of offices, i, 56, 8, 303-304, 6, 173, 173, 356, 7, 58, 59, 85, 
86, 114-116, 157, 8, 308, 9. »38, II. 99, »oo^ i03-«05, 374, IJ, 130^ 131, 14, 159- 
161, 16, 167, 18, 137, 361, 19, 150^ JO, 64, 65, 168, JJ, 71, 360^ 361, J3, 38, 39, 
44, J4, 183. 184, 193, 313, 316, 317, J8, 76, 79. 8«. 83. 85. ^6. 278. J7, 48. «37. 
143-145, j8, 86, 396, J9, 83, 84, 30, 76, a33. 4^, 391, 44. »X7, ai8, 47. «59. 4^, 
356, 50. I03, 103, lao, 135, 1S6, 51, aai, 8^, 75. 77; resignations, 4, 113, 7, 114, 115, 
I J, 9S-100, 14, i6ob i6z, 80, 307; vacancies filled, and apptmts. eul interim, J, 
17, 30, 99. >«>, 3, 178. ". a8i, 15. 39. 4©. 7*. i<^. a63, 18, 365, 19, 83, 44, 177, 
48, 146, 5J, 8z. Right of rqy. patronage in ecc benefices, etc., 6, 89, 187, 8, 303, 

15, 53. 59, 16. X69, 174. >88. 137. ai, 19-31. 97, «. 71. 7*, ai9. ^3. 45. ^4. 188, 
189, 235, 248, 249, 258, J5, 178. 122, 279-281, 305, 307, 309, 313, 314, j6, 4x, 92, 
129, 146, 2S2, J7, 25, 230^ 246, j8, X22, X85, 227, J9, 181, 30, 253, 31, 43, 3a, 
251, 280, 34. ao6. 346, 348. 351. 413. 441. 35, 3*1. 36, 181, 208, 37, 15a. 162, i8x, 
183, 39, 137. 192, 41, 168, 4«, 137, 173, 185, 44, 159, 176, 178. See also under 
Ecclesiastical affairs, and Legal and judicial. 

Officials and officers — 

In general: qualifications, J, 54, 18, 258, 259, 267, J4, 3x6, 44, 180, 46, 85, 134, 
278, 279, 80, 255, 51* 213, 214, 5 J, 80, 276; instructions to, 3, 63, 16, 164, 30, 
319* 45. 151. 152. 220; restrictions on, duties, etc, 3. 304-306, 5, 2^7, 268, 272, 
9, 225, 258, 10, 89, II, 55, 56, 16, 187-190, 18, 302, 316, JJ, 152-156, J5. 34» 
38, 39. 36, 304, 48, 321. 50, 195. 196, 206, 222-226, 229, 234, 239, 249. 5a, 8x; 



Officials] INDEX 645 

precedence among, 8> 301, 30Z, $id, 6, 37, *sh l^, x«5f x«^. ««, Sa8. »9. «5«i ^4f 
><Ht 37» ssa, 39, 167, X83, 4 J, 169, 170; of India Houte, J8, 3a; of N. £$pafia» 
8, 154, 94, asSf ^8, 34t 3^, 39» 3^* XS^> 44> 309> 48> 3i5- 

Complaints and charges against, 3, axo^ 4, 1x4, 6, 187, 193, 3x1-3x5, 7, 151, 8, 
Sa, 10, 85, 13, 307. I7» 96. 97, i^ »57. 3Mf I9» "4, «»5, Mo-aa5, 171, 173, ao, 
^ 94» 97. 9«. «a5» 20$, J4, aox, ax8, 155, a6, x8a, J7, 217, 139, 240^ a43f 3i» 
7X, 3a, 60k 34, 174. 36, ao6, 303, 41. 305» 43, 59» 74. 44, 67, xa9, X30i $0, aaa, 
01, 1x7, aax, 5 J, 34X, 24a; extortion, malfeasance, and illegal acts by, 3, 307, 5, 
aoa, axa, 3x7-240, 8, 154, 10, X07, xo8, xxa, xxs, 11, 43, 44, xx6, 14, 98, 99, 17, 
98, 18, 260^ 26x, 299, 302, 303, 19, "9, «M, «67-«70, Mh 36, 264, 266, 39, 24^ 
50, X2o; bribery and corruption among, I, 47, 50, 3, 227, 7, 7X, 9, 252, 3x7, 322, 
323, 10, 83, 86, 89, 94, 99, loo, II, 26, 92, 93, 96, 97, 99, xoo, X03, 105, xx2-xx6, 
240, 255, 269, 27X, 273, 276, 28X, IJ, 49, 59, 72, X07.XX4, X23, 13, 22, 234, 272, 
a78, 304, 3*4, 3«5, I4, ^ xo6, X07, 3x5, 17, 45, 3x1, 18, 9, X75, 277, 3x2, 19, 79, 
87, 88, X49, 150, 24X, JO, 96, X28, X29, i6x, X7X, 136, 162, Ja, 152, 250, 280, J3, 

30, 4«, »SSt »9», «7, 359, ai8, 2x8, 249, J9, 63, 83, 84, X03, 33, aa3, 34, a9«, 36, 
282-285, 37, a3, 4«, 43, 4*, a", a93, a94» 38, 43, 39, 190, aa4, 41, 35, 43, 67, 44, 
xa6, X27, 133, X34, 303, 304, 308, 4S, 29-33, X64, 249-252, 256-260, 333, 324, 50, 
a7, ^5, 7h 86, 9a, 98-xoo, X02, 125, X26, X34, 157, X58, x66, 176, x86, X87, X92, 195, 
220, 332, 246, 294, 295, 299, SI, 34, 94, 95, X09-XXX, X20, X22, X39, X49, X50, 158, 
22X, 232, 242, 5a, 52, 73-77, X20, 155, X58, X76, 198; residencia of, i, 50-52, 4, 7X, 
7a, 85, 90, X09-XX4, 3x1, 3x6, 8, a8c^ 296, 6, 75, 267, 8, 254, 9, «5$, a62, 10, 20, 
21, 26, 27, 93, 95, X03-X06, 148, 297, 298, 3", 3«a, II, 34, 47, 66, 67, 78-80^ xoa, 
ixx, XX3, 375, 376, la, X95, 13, a39, 230, 26x, 263, 267, 14, 144, 156, 15, 55, 66, 
76, 250^ 16, X56, x66, X67, X89, 277, 17, 36, 39, 49, 18, 134, X35, 175, 29X-293, 
a99f 3x9, 19, «0i 136, 137, «62, 257, ao, 60, 6x, 71, 72, 75, X77, x8x, 193, X99, 203, 
ai5, aa3, 363, ai, 95, 96, M, 3X, 63, 360, 373, a3, 57, Sh 70-73, 76, 77, ^4, 3a3, 
as, 37-39, 34, 37, 19a, a6, 153, X55, a7, 359, 360, 363, a9, 30^ 1x5, 35, 44, 45, 
x6x, X87, 36, 145, 37, a3, 34, 37, 73, X03, X58, X9X, 3x5, 333, 353, 38, X30, 39, 
199, 379, 388, 396, 41, 304, 4a, X7a, 335, 338, 375, 383, 385, 303, 44, «44, «6o, X73, 
«73, 45, 186, 333, 395, 46, 3>, 3a, 47, 3*, 48, 137, X39, X54, x63, x68, 356, 50, 
X35, 307, 308, 348, 51, aia, 3x3, 5a, 30^ X04, X06; gen. information, i, 5X, 54, 55, 
60, 64, 68, 83, 4, XX3-XI4, 5, ao3, 6, 33X, 7, 33, 3x1, 8, 97, 9, X9X, 10, 19X, X93, 
la, X09, xxo, X30, 13, 308, 14, 39, 18, 3*8, 19, «7o^ ^o, X33, 138, X39, aa, X50, 
a4, 30X, a7, 353, a8, 354, a9, 63, 36, 362, 43, 4«, 44, 309, 3", 48, 353. a56, 357, 
a6x, 3x5, 50, 306, 335, 337, 330, 336, 337, 350, 355, 51, 308, 5a, 63, 63, 79, 80, 
8x, 84, XX7, X33, X33, X50, 3x7; roy. visitor (inspector) for, a, 397, 10, X03-X06, la, 
X49-X51, 19, 368, 269, ao, X38, 303, 303, aa, 69, 373, a3, 44, «oa, a4, x98-3a4, 
3x8, 359, as, 46, 316, x83, 389, a7, 337, 339, 340, 243, 346, 347, a9, xx5, 34, a66, 
274, 35, X65, 36, X44, 4a, 305, 51, 359-363. 

Civil: vicero3rs-of N. Espana, 3, 378, 379, 3S3, 4, 304, 316, 8, 53, 354, 9, X42, 
230^ 34X, 253, 10, X05, X34, X74, 309, 360-363, 265, 370, II, 115, xx6, la, 48, 55, 
59, 68, X34, X67, 13, aax, 333, 228-330, 357, 360, 364, 365, 366, 15, 353, 353, 16, 
380, 17, a37, ao, 95. ai, 76, 77, aa, 45, 353, 377, 378, a3, 37, a37, 328, a4, 9», 
X3X, X96-X98, 3XX, 3X3, 315, 317, 385, 388, 307, 308, 335, as, 143, 370^ a6, 69, 148, 
X49, 372, 373, 289, a7, 147, a8, 68-73, 76, 77, a9, 53, 73, 83, 85, xxi, 190^ X9x, 

31, X97, 34, a3X, 333, 365, 37, a38, 41, 34; of Indias, ai, 33-30, 76; duties, 17, 
33-40, 44-47, «78, ao, X4X, ai, 30, 33-30, 77, a3. 33-35, as, 33, 34, 39-36, 34, 413; 
status, 8, 200^ a7, xx2; powers and authority, 8, aoo^ 2ox, 14, x68, is, 252, 153, 



646 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Officials 

Ofhculs and OFFiCEits (ooDtiDued) — 

x6, aSo^ 35i X9x> X93> 37> >39, 130, 44, 123, 45, 40; Tftriout bformadoiiy 6, 335, 
19, 167, z68, ai, 19-3Z, aa, 37, 47, 240, 51, a88, 289. Prooomult - reetricdoos 00, 

35 f 192- 

Governors - ttttui, 8, aoo, 9, 33, 85, 37, lai ; proprietary, 15, 39, 37, 33 ; dtlet, 
17, saa, 01, 106 (Basal, or Basar, nttiye appellation, 4, 163, 164, 23$ H^) ; qualifi- 
cationt, I, $a, 53, 5, ^$2, 6, 373, 374, 7» 7«, i«. H7» i4». «98i «99» «3, a40b I7. 
S«5-3«7» 33^» I9» a56-a59. a66-a68, ao, 145, 307, J4, a88, 289, J6, 155, 39, 8a- 
85. 34» S^Sf 3^ 44. ^^ 50, las, 135, 188, 51, «99» ^oo, ai4, sa, 80-83; term 
of office, 17, 385-3 za, aa, a8, 50, 74, 5a, 313; gov. 4u/ inUrim^ yacanctes, etc^ 
5, 387. 13, S"» 15, 72-74, 17. 3«3t 335. ^^ as*, a59. ^^, ^3. «4. 53 85. ^6. «53. 
383, 37» 29. 33, 55» «53, aa8, 330, 4^, a9«; Ml«ry, I, 50, 8, 55, 14, 351, 363, 15, 
65, 16, z8S, 17, 333, 335, ao, 307, ^^, 38, a6, 154, 37» «9x» a9«. 8«t «7; residence, 
4, 38, 6, 89, Z43, 13, 309, a8, I3Z, 34, 377, 37, 154; lieut-goT. and other assistinta, 

9, «5^. «57, 15, ^7, 7^ (lieut-gen.), 17, 3a3» 334. ^7. «a7. 8'. «o6; autbority, 
jurisd., and powers, i, 49-51, 38z, 5, 335, 349, 376, 6, 67, 68, 186, 187, 196, 334, 
340, 359, 363, 367, 368, 8, 63, 188-190, 300^ 30Z, xo, 116, 118, 18. 75t 16, 161, 188, 

380, 17, 9X, 99. 317. 3a«-3a3. 334. 335, ^9. «35. a^5-a^7, M, «a9. ao8, 309, 346, 
aa, 313, 247, 353-354, 390, ^z, 33, 33-35, 46, 56-59, 73, 76-78, 84. 85, 101, 10a, 
105, Z10-114, a4, 183, 186, 199, 30X-303, 322, 223, 249, 288, 309-3x9, 3x8, 3*^, ^5, 
13Z, Z37, Z38, x6i, 163-Z66, Z71, X78, 2x2, 2x4, 22X, 222, 226, 340, 343, 345, 370- 
273, 26, 65, 66, 69, 94-96, 105, X08, 1x6, 134, X37, Z43-X46, x$3, 313, a7, ax, sx, 
5>. >73, 3x0. a8, 38, 67-73, 77, X34, X98, 3XO, 339, 333, 3$8, 3x5, 343, ^9, a5. 27, 
34, 329, 330, 432, 35, x88, X93, 36, 80, 37, ^S'^l, 33, 5«, 55, 59, 233, 24*, 3^, 75, 

39, 221, 41, 26, 37, X69, 356, 4a, X3X, 130, X4X, X93, X93, 3x$, 331, 44, ^€^ I75, 
X77, X80, X93, 194, 2XX, 3x3, 45, xoo, 134, 176, 333, 335, 337, 46, 8x, 84-86, 93, 95, 

XO4-X06, 118, 135, X8Z, X83, 308, 363, 314, 343, 48, 33Z, 51, X06, 3x9, 330b 5a, XO6, 

151, Z53; restrictions of their power, 16, 174, ao, 98, ^Zt 44, ^5. 37, 38i X93, 38, 
74, 44, X75-X79, 3x6, so, X36, 5^, 69, xo6; privileges, etc^ I, 5X, 6, x8ob x8x, 7, 
163, 9, 241, 16, 144, X45, X55, X66-X68, x88, 17, 3x4, 3x7, 32x, 322, 18, X35, 328, 
19, I3X, X24, ao, X75, ai, 258, a4, 3x2, 3x3, 324, as, 40, a*, 97. 35, 94, 4^, 295. 
46, X15, X54, 223, 5a, 82; dudes, functions, etc., x, 51, 4, xx8, 6, x68, 240, 7, 285, 
286, 290, 293, 3x0, 10, X84, X85, II, 95, 96, 274, 16, x6x, X62, X76, x88, X89, X93, 
X94, X99, 229, 277, 17, 3X-37, 40, 43, 46-49, 80, 8x, 240, 18, XX4, X27, X53-X57, 
X75, 245, 27X, 272, 29X-294, 296, 299-302, 305-307, 3x2-316, 3X9-32X, 325, 329, 19, 

40, xio, XXX, X20, X25, X26, X36, X42, X52, X57, X58, X63, X7X, X76, 257, 258, ao, 79, 
80, 95. X30, X4X, X44, X85-X87, 294, ai, 25-30^ 56, 78, xox, aa, 46, 73, X04, xic^ xxx, 
X5X. »53. X56-X59, 207, 256-259, ^Z, 8x, a4, x88, 222, 279. 283, 284, 302, 303, 323, 
^5, 23-32, 35-37, X02, X03, X4X, 266, 268, a6, X38, 2x6, 228-232, 336, 344, 345, 37X, 
273, 277, a8, X37, 2x8, a9, XX4, 303, 304, 34, 375, 45, 30*, 5i, 2x7, 5a, 80, 8x, 
X03; roy. instructions to, a, 89-xoo, 3, 263, 276, 4, 94-97, xx2, 7, X4X-X72, 8, 73, 
X43-X47, 30X-3XX, 9, 2x8-258, II, 263-288, 19, X73-X82, ^3, 28, X3X, a8, X2x, a9, 
x8i, 41, 22x; relations with Aud. (of which gov. is president), X, 50, 53, 6, 25, 
25X, 252, 9, 257, 258, la, X33, 13, 235, 15. 60, ao, XX3, 207, aa, X55, a4, 309, 31, 
229, 51, 2x8-220 (see also under Philippine Is.: Government); fi., with ecc, etc 
(see Ecc. affairs, and Rel. persons) ; gov. as vice-patron, 6, 187, a8, X2x, 270, 282, 
31, 288, 36, X52, X65, X67, X70, 37, X96, X99, 41, 2x4, 244, 267, 4a, X73, 43, 33, 3«- 
40, 44, X73, 45, 206, 207, 224, 229, 259, 3XX ; charges and complaints against, i, 
50, 5X, 10, 44, II, XX3-XX5, 13, 240, 15, 75, 18, 309-3XX, 19, 257, ao, X35, 203, 
ai, 95, as, 39, a^, X53, ^9, x8o, 34, 300, 329, 3^2, 363, 395-40X, 37, 302, 47, 238, 



Officials] INDEX 647 

50, i34-za6, 135, 187, 51, 198, az6-az8, 8 J, 72, 351 (how invetdgated, 8, aSo, 
381) ; lilt of, 10 Phil., 17, ai, 383-313; gen. infbnnttion, I, 50^ 55, 63, 77, 383, 3, 
a39f 4f 309, 5, a9. 6, 336, 337, 7, 118, 149. «5^ ^5t a*?. Soi, 3". 9f a3S» ". 9^ 
97. 13, 363, 364, 14, 155. xS^f l^, X57. «58, l^ ««S. $oS. 33*. S34t ^O, 135, 141- 
143, 360^ 361, a J, 38-4X (list of candidttes and their qualifications), 7Z, 33, 38, 
43. 44, ^5. "4. "5. ^4» «7X, ^93-394, 324, 337, 39, 97, 117, 34, 3^3, 3^ 40^ 36, 
50» 37, a9«f 38, "8, 41, "6, 48, 35, 47, 7«, 50, 134, ao8, 8^, 69, 73. 

Provincial governors and chiefs, 5, 380, 8, 95, 14, 368, 37, 333, 40, 3zo, 333, 
45, 59, 46, 113, 358, 51, 108, 333, 83, lao; duties and powers, 46, 69, 84, 85, 89, 
97, 135, 147, X50, 151, 341, 245, 354, 395, 5a, 81; instructions to, 335-340; civil, 
replace alc.-may., 5a, 307. Alcaldes-mayor - qualifications, a8, 397, 398, 36, 303, 
304, 50, 135, 51, a", a»3; tenure of office, 5, 303, 18, 339, j8, 395, 399, 36, a8x, 
389, 304, 305, 5a, Z04; deputies for, 5, 330, ix, 370, 50, 174; jurisd. and authority, 

I, 54, 5«, 59, 3, 173, 5, 276, 16, x63, 17, 3*3, 3H, «, 7*, 73, »«, ^3, 103, J4f 
ao9, 310, 336, as, 46, 30, 3x0, 3x1, 36, 379, 380^ 303, 4a, 307, 46, 389, 8X, X07; Unc- 
tions and duties, i, 53, 54, 7, 397, 8, 337, 11, 3x, 33, 33, 54, 16, xo6, X55, 156, 
17. 323, 3*4, 333, 334, l8, 3x8, ao, X53, 358, a3, X63, a4, ^93, a94, 303, 3", 
3x3, 2$, X49, a6, 37X, a8, 334-337, 36, 379, 38, 338, 40, 3x5, 3x8, 44, X35, «38, 
48, 35, 3«4, 50, 8x, 83, 96, 99, X03, 3x8, 3x9, 33X-333, 343, 51, X07-XXX, 333, 5^, 
70, 7x, X03, X04, XX5, 398, 307; restrictions, 11, 33, 34, a8, 334, 50, X95, X96, 305, 
349, 51, a7«, 5a, 307; no., 8, ai7, 7, 3", 8, X4X, 10, xx3, il, 89, 369-37X, 37, 
133, 39, X90; sal., 7, X33, 307, 3XX, 10, xxx, XX3, li, 89-9^, 369, 370, 14, 353, 
^4, 303, 36, X93, 3x9, 37, X33, a8, 397, 398, 36, 38x, 50, 83, $1, xo8, 333; per- 
quisites and privileges, xx, 89, 16, X64, x8, 3x7, ai, 358, 397, 398, 35. 94, 37, 
37, 383, 50, 337, 51, 3x3; instructions and ordinances for, xo, 354, 377-380, 303, 
308, XX, 49-5X, 46, 53, 48, X85, 355, 50, X9X-364; methods of admin., 5, 303, 
304, 36, 28X-390; engage in trade, xo, 94, a8, 398, 36, 38X-384, 303, 303, 48, 
357', 50, 63, 51, X78, 333, 333, 334, 37X, sa, xoo; charges against (corruption, ex- 
tortion, etc.), 7, 3x0, 3XX, 8, 36, xo, 85, 95, 96, xi, xx3, x6, XX4, 18, 3x7, X9, 
74, a8, X78, x83, 399, 36, 380-389, 394, 305, 43, 59, 44, xa6, X27, X30^ X3x, X34, 
X35, 46, 55, 48, 356, 357, 51, X08-XX2, 306, 3X3, 3x3, 33X, 5a, 3x4; relations with 
ecc., I, 59, 8, 36, 10, 77, la, x33, ax, X52, aa, xx3, xx3, a6, xx9, x2o, a8. 346, 
353, 262, 365, 396-398, 43, X37, »64, a^5, 44, 84, 46, 330, 33«, 47, i57, 48, X77, 
50, '77, 234, 258, 51, XX3, 206, 5a, 344; id.f with natives and Chin., 5, X90, X9x, 
303, 204, 217, 220, 22X, 227, 6, X74, 7, X77, 260, 8, 48, 66, XO, 43, 8x, x8, 314, 34X, 
ao, X52, aa, 2S7, a8, 233, 44, X33, 50, 257, 51, X09-XXX, 2x2, 220, 27X, 53, 59, 
60, 66, xoo, 242; Fil. as, 46, 355, 5a, 86; replaced by civil gov., 307; various men- 
tion, 3, 239, 4, 70^ 5, ^9, 69, 9x, 95, XX3, 204, 7, 36, 37, 40-43, xxx, X33, X85, 8, xox- 
X05, X08, XX5, XX7, X22-X27, X32, X38, 9, x8x, XX, 270, la, xxx, xx2, X53, 13, 265, 
17, X35, 32X, ao, 235, 33, 253, a4, 3x2, 35, 302, a6, x66, 2x3, 246, 247, 285, a8, 
«95, 35, 197, 36, 279, 280, 290^ 294, 303, 40, 2x8, 41, 33, 43, 8x, 45, 248, 46, 
58, 84, X39, X4o^ 277-280, 285, 47, 29X, 50, X56, 208, 220, 247, 348, 263, 51, 108, 
X09, 223, 283, 5a, 56, 60, X06, 258, 293, 303; visitation of provin. officials, 5, 288, 
289, 18, 330, 46, 58, 59. 

Corregidors - apptrat., 5, 286, 288, x6, x88, 17, 321, 39, 304; no., 10, 1x3, x8, 
3x5, 37, X23; sal., XI, 89, 92, 269, 270^ 37, X23, 50, 82; powers and functions, 
X, 2x8, 8, 3x3, x6, X55, X56, 23, X03, 51, X07-X09; instructions and ordinances 
for, 45, 22X, 48, 255, 50, X9X-264; complaints against, 10, 95, 96, 11, xx2, 225; 
various mention, 4, 3x1, 5, 29, 85, 289, 30X, 307, 7, 36, 40, 4X, 8, 132, X38, x88, 
xo, 94, X7, X35, X74, 37, 333, 46, 385, 5X, X08, 223. Other provin. officials, x, 



648 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Officials 

Officiau and OpncBts (ooatiDued) — 

54, 8, 141, 10, III, 11$, 11, 270^ 16, 188, j6, ax9» 46, a45t ««• •07, ao8, 142, 

M^f 254. »SS, 51, a8s. 
Notaries (scrivenen) - toy. and gorty 3» 2491 4, 104, 8, 357, a66» a68, 970^ 7, 31, 

10, 98, 19, 158, 159; ootaiy-in-chief, a, 344, x6, x88, 35, 164; in oourtii i, 54, 

11, 41, 39, a84; of cabildo, 9, 43, 69, 8x, aoa, 203, 7, 30^ 31; mil^ J6, 904, aa8, 
47f >oSt i^Sf 2o s^>PB *n<l ezped, i, a6a, J, 157, 4, 189, 296, ao, a6a, a6, axo, 
a54. 33« X47; ecc^ I, 60k loa, 105, m, a8, 270, 34> 347» $4»; »pptmt, «, 109, 
aoa, ao3, aa, a6o^ 49, x68; Mle of oflke, 7, 58, 59, 85, 16, 167; dudet and au- 
thority, 3, 66, 10, a94, II, 36, 37, 115, 18, 159, 19, 155. M. «95. ^3, 166, 173, 
a4, aaa, a7a, 36, 135. 39i a84, so, aa6, a3x, 354; compensation, s, 69, 97, 11, 
48, 49, 51, 14. asi, 18, 318, 19, X58. »59, ««, a$i» «6, 203, ao4, a28, a8, 113, 271, 
34, 347» 34«i 47, X05, 125, 80, 196-198, ao9; records by, 8, 307, 7, ^49; complaints 
against, 11, ai-a3, 43, 44; gen. mention, i, 141, 162, 190, 191, 196, 2x4, 3, 1x3-1x8, 
173. 306, 308-311, 4, xoi, 192, 193, a33, a39, ^57, 5, 43, ««, »<», ao3, 260-262, 264, 
270, 7, 33, x«5, X93, ^46, 247, 8, 77, 79, 89, 95, 97, 178, X79, X85, x88, 9, 159, 160, 
10, 313, II, 46, 5a, 53, 55, 56, X04, 105, 13, 3«5, »4, x89, '7, 3^9, ««, x$3, a44, 
320^ ao, 167, 206, as, 23X, 39, a76, 44, X55, '56, 183, 184, 218, 80, 19a, ao8, 226. 
Department chiefs* not subordinate to gor^ sa, 73. 

Clerks - qualifications, 18, 259; apptmt, 8, 203, 204, 281 (see Errata), 2S4, 43, 
x66, 46, 83 (Fil., 40, 52, 44, 88, 45, X75, 46, 354, 81, aox) ; compensation, 5, 
316, 6, 41, 7, x26, 14, xxo, 251, 253, 16, 189, 18, 315, 23, 41, 42, 45, 46, a6, 201, 
an, 220, 254, 255, 27, 244, 249, 46, 171; of govt, 8, 354, a$9, a8i, 9, ^Sl of 
mines, 5, aoa, ao3, 6, 41, 16, 189; complaints against, 10, 94, 36, 286, 287, 39, 
135; various mention, i, 284, 9, 47, 52, 118, ii, 274, 18, 129, 136, ao, 263, as, 
39. 40, 45, 46, a6, 2x2, 27, 246-250, 49, X93- 

Municipal -cabildo, how organized, i, 56, 3, X7S, 7, 33, 37; officials, S, 43, 69, 
81, 85-97, 109, aoa, ao3, 6, a32, 16, X45, X67, a4, 203, 36, 90; regidors, l, $6, 63, 
ax3, 3, 173. «74. «87-«89, 4. 9*. 8. 43, 69, 8x, 83, 93, 109, 290, 291, 6, 176, 7, 33, 
37. 8, 97. >o8, X72, X75, X85, x88, 270, 9, "6, XX7, lO, 44, 85, 89, 146, 3x2, II, 
67, 7>, 99, ^73, 14, 194, «95, '^ 303, 307, 310-3x3, 19, 65, ao, X65, x66, 2x7, aa, 
5X, 7x, a4. aaa, 3xa, 3x3, 3x6, a7, 48, X44, 34, a5x (salary), 35, ax8, 36, 204, 
37. 154, 40, 2x8, 44, 95, 176, X77, 45, a53, 4^, x88. Si, 107, a83; alcaldes and 
alguazils (see below. Justice) ; petty officials, i, 56, a, X59, 4, 3XX, 8, 178, X95, 
I a, X30, X3X, a8, 266, $0, X04. 

Officials of special rank or functions - adelantado, a, X57, s, >9, as, X9X, 34, 
247, 36, 83, sa, 3a6; alcaldes of mint, s, a84; auditor-gen. (in Port India), a, 
a73, a75; chancellor, roy. (Port court), a, a75, a76; comendador, 14, ax4; comp- 
troller, I, ax3, a6, axo, axx; contino, I, X64; executor of roy. estate, a6, aox, 3x7 
(sal.) ; keeper of wardrobe, 47, 2a4 (sal.) ; lieut-assessor, changed to lieut-gen., 
IS, 76; lieut-govn 8, 3xa, 9, X57, 13, a34; postmaster of Indias, $2, $27 (saL) ; 
procurator of Phil, colony, at Madrid, 9, axx, 19, 303, ao, ax7, aa, xa5, a9, 179- 
x8x; protector of Ind., I, 53, a, 33, s, ^43, a46, a47, 6, X76, 7, a59, 10, xx6, 14, 
X48, 27, X23, 48, 33 (fiscal ex officio), 5:^, 59; protector of Chin., aa, a90-a9a 
(sal.), 29, 50, 5x; regents proposed for Phil, colony, s:t, 78, Sa, 83; sec'y roy., 
2, 275, 3, 1*5, 4, 94; ^'f of govt, I, 55, s, 8x, 6, aso, 10, a8o^ a8x, a89-a9a, ii, 
X03, X04, a74 (sal.), 18, a6x, 19, 83 (perquisites), as, 39, 45, xo6, 46, 3x4, so, 
a98, a99; id,, of public instruction, 46, 369; warden for Chin, quarter, s, a37. 

Minor officials - assayer, 3, 138, 4. lox, 6, a7a, 14, a53, 305 (sal.), a6, aox, 
ax7 (sal.) ; consuls, foreign, i, 74, $1, a65; corridor dt lonja, 3, a5x, a5a, 3x7; 



Officials] INDEX 649 

crier, public, 5, 139, 177; depotiury-gen^ 7, SS> H> >05, la, 150^ 151; executioner, 
14, 251 (taL) ; fagot-gttheren, 46, 134; hosp^ 8, 348, 18, iia-115 (sal.)t so, 
137 ; inspector of ships, 19, 89, 29, 7a ; id^ of roy. works, etc., 47, 109, 5a, 73 ; 
librarians, 46, 176, 177; mace-bearers, aa, 51; overseer of works, 3, 233, 44, ia6- 
laS, 45, 316, 46, 55, 47, 97, iio (sal.), 117; prwon, 8, aH $<». S04t ^i 37. S8» 
8, 97, 10, a95, 47, ax3; purveyors, 3, 278. 6. "^S; secreuries, i, 165, 173, 174, 
196, 199, a59, 3, "3, 188. 7, 33. X33. ^ 97. »». 75. «o3. «04. l8. «a7. ^a, ao9, 
36, 30b 3«. 46, 8a, 171 (saL), 47, 159, 5a, 78; stewards, i, a59-a6a, 3, i95. ao» 
a37, a40, a3, X13, 47, 1x3, 2x3, 234 (sal.), 325; storekeeper, a6, 2ox (sal.) ; super- 
intendents, 4, 84, 7, 33; treasurers, i, 284-292, 3, 195, 8, 97; veedor, x, 290; 
watchmen, 7, 33, 47, X09 (wages). 

Native oflkiak (incl. principales, or "notables'*), 46, 83, 85, 50, xoo, 51, X07, 
X08, 5a, X83, 293, 294; gobemadorcillo (capitin, pedin6o), x, 5X, 56, 16, i$6, 
x6a, 17, 3H-331, ai8, 337, 346, 347, 35, 75. 36, 379, 284-388, 294, 30X, 40, 2x8, 
244, 4^. 306, 44. «a7. «3*. X33. 45. a75. 4^, 82, 98. x«8, X33-X35. «50i ^37, 249, 
a$4, 295. »98. 306, 330, 33«. 47, 3^6, 4^. 343. 50, X05, 151, 174, 248, 353-356, 26x, 
5X, X07, X08, 22X, 5a, 56, 60, 62, 64 (among Chin.), 97; cabezas (heads) of baran- 
g«y. I. 55. 56. 4, 185, 50, 60, 6x, 98, X94, 203, 205, 223, 248, 254-257, 5a, 6x, 
6a, 293; various petty, 5. 97. '3, i99. «6, 156, xy, 328, 33a, 333, 46, 139. 5©, 
343. Fiscals (native agents of rel., in Fil. villages), 14, 167, 16, 165, ai, 55, 98- 
X03, ^2, 83, 34, 4x0, 4a, 48, 58, 305-308; syndics and guardians, 305-308. 

Of law and iustice: atty.-gen. (or fiscal, q.v. under Revenue and exchequer: 
Royal officials), 3, 34, 8, X78, 179. 

Magistrates and justices, I, 54, 55, 3, 63, 6, 176, 333, 7, 79, «. 105, X47, 178, 
179. 189, X95. 10, 93-96, la, X53, ax, 30^ 37, a4, 335, a7, X45, 34, 380, 4x3, 36, 
So^ 50, 83. 

Alcaldes (or judges) of Aud. and other high courts (see also below, Oidors), 
3, 177, 3x8, 3x3, 5, 377, 9, X56, la, XX3, XX4, 15, 67, aa, X55, 4a, 37X; judges 
(see also under Legal and judicial), i, 3x3, 372, 4, 3XX, 5, 286, a3, 83, 36, 305, 
4a, X4X, X42, 256, 50, 23X, sa, 242, 25X. 

Oidors (auditors) -members of Aud,, I, 53, 9, 257; qualifications, 19, 130, 268, 
ao, 259; term of office, 51, 220; sal., 6, 47, 11, 276, 14, 25X, 263, 16, X89, a4, 
184, x86, a7, 23X, 37, 42, 233; residence, 13, 309; powers and authority, 24X, 
X4, X50, ao, X45, a3, 79, ^4. x86, 222, 309-3XX, as, 178, 44, 177, 46, 58, 49, X92; 
duties and functions, 5, 284, 288-29X, 300, 307, 7, 58, 9, 222, xo, 294, 300, 30Xy 
3x0-3x3, II, 36, 37, X02, X03, X06, XX2, XX3, 273-276, 14, X65, x66, 32X, 17, 98, 
3x3-3x5, x8, 276, 19, 122, X26, X28, 175, ao, XX2, X33, X39-X44, X63, 175, X76, X92, 
^2, 76, XX4, X55, 246, 23f 34, 43, 44. X03, xxo, a4, 57, 3x5, 3x8, a6, 66, 2x6, a7, 
230^ 23X, a8, 2x8, 36, 25, 75, 78-80, 89, 40, SOX, 4a, 27X, 46, 58, 60^ 48, X29, X4X, 
X76, 49. 334, 396, 51, X20 (those of senior, i, 53, 63, xx6, 5, 287, 296, 13, 260-264, 
a8, XX3, X85, x86; seniority, how secured, 37, 232, 233); privileges, 18, 328, ao, 
X75, x86, 34, 3x3, 49, 296; roy. instructions to, a9, x8x, 39, 285; transferred 
from one Aud. to another, 30, 74; restrictions on, 5, 287, x8, 302, 22, 64; suits 
affecting, 5, 285, 287, ao, X85-X88, 208, 209, 39. 376; complaints and charges 
against, i, 5X, 17, 9X, 94-97, 18, x26, 19, 13X, 133, ao, 53-55, 65, X23, X24, X35, 
aa, 65, 253, 254, a4, 309, 3x2, 3x3, 44, 2x3, 2x4; relations with gov., i, 51, 6, 307, 
17. 9x. 93, 9^. ao, X4, 56, 7X, 73, XX3, 164, 165, 2x6, aa, 13, 102, 27X, a4, 289, 
3x0-3x4, 3x8, 39, X43. 332-237, 395, 40, 36-38, 30, 4a, X95, 23X, 258, 44» X43, 45. 
204; mode of life investigated, ao, 259; must furnish residencia, li, 47, 13, 230, 
17, 49, a3, 58 ; in trade (see under Commerce) ; various mention, i, 63, 77, 5, 



650 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Officials 

Ofhcials and OFFiCBts (ooDtiiiued) — 

374» a77-a8i, a84, 2Z7, s88, 8, 271, 9, 191, 10, 105, i$i, 11, 54, 55, 124, 13, a$i, 
133-241. 15, 67, 17, 98, 276, 515, 18, las, «63, 264, 19, 78, 81, 83, 175, ao, 66, 

75. «i. 9^. ^3, 101, loa, 104, 108, J4, 8a, 83. aoo, J8, 40, J9. MXf 34f S4f 4$7. 

37. 15. 233. 233. 39. 280, 283, 4J, 358, 359, 44. 2ZO, 51. 220, 5^. 59- 
Afltesior (or govt oounaelor), 1, 54 (in pnnrin. oonrt), 9, 158, 11, 47, 19, 67, 

76, ja, 373, 80, 13$, 81, 3i9» B^f7h7%l B«at-««wwr, I8» «7» 7«. 

Pretident of Aud. (tee above, Governor), funcdoni, etc^ 8, 374, 377, 379-381, 
384-388, 395; Aud. officials, 6, 38, 7, 33, 13$, 11, 36, 37, 16, 189; derb, 8, 379. 
381, 397, 306-313 (imtnictioni), 10, 357, ii, 34, 36, 37, 40-47, 60^ 66, ao, 65; bail- 
ift. 8. 3>S. ^. 36. 7. 33. S. 272, 9. «9«. lOi 3«^ ^h S^-39. 4$; ©Aer minor, of 
Aud^ I, 53, J, 375, 397, 338, 4, 97, 8. 281, 383, 386, 300, 3x3. 3»4. ^. 3$-4« (38- 
41, interpreters), 7, 33, 133, li, 30^ 36-39, 41, 43, 14, 3$, 18, 137, 19, 83, 83, 

38, 85. 

Alcaldes-in-ordinary (munic. magistrates) - qualifications, J4, 316; election, i, 
56, 16, X67, J4. 3*2-316, 36, 304, 305, 37, 59. 44. ^7^; rank and juried^ 8. 276, 
384-287, 35, 278, 36, 394, 34. 43^. 36, 304; no^ 7, 33, 37, 43, 8, 97, 18, 315; 
duties, 8, 284, il, 36, 37. ^^ 307. '9. 163, JO, 43, 61, 18$, 187, 33i, M, 347, J3. 
103, 34, x86, J8, X24, 34. 435, 36, 374, 8a, xo6; various mention, 1, 63, 3. X73» 
187. 8, 43, 69, X09, II, '49-51, 55, 56, 63-65, 91, 13, 334, 14, 165, 16, 140^ 17, 
94, 19, 65, 33, 51, 113, X14, 154, 155, 34, 313, 37, 338, 39. 231, 36, S«, 37. 268, 
43, x66, x68, 81. X07. 

Constables (alguazik) -office proprietary and perpetual, i, 56; apptmt, 3, 63, 
173. 8. 203, 304; duties, 3. 173. 8. 284, H, 73. 74; various mention, 4. 32, 7. 33, 

8, 97, 188, 10, 83. 13, 84, 33, 351, 34. 4»o, 36, so, 40, 3i8, 4«, 30^, 47. "09, 
3ia, 80, 104. 

Alguazil-mayor (high constable) -tenure and importance of office, 3, 53, 8. 
43, 69, 303, 301, 303; duties and functions, 396, 303-306, 11, 36, 37, 53, 37, 39, 
38, x86, 38, 44; apptmt., 3, 157, 158, 5, 203; salary, 43, 18, 3x5; deputies, 8, 3<»- 
305; various mention, 3, 157, 4» 92. 6, 176, 7, 33, 37, 11, 47, 63-65, 99, 18, X34- 
Alcaldes-mayor, see above under CiviL 

Military: favors and privileges for officers, i, 39, 9, 341, 18, 373; pay, 13, 34, 
14, 94, X94, 317, 16, X7a, 173, 18, 393, 19, xoo, 146, 147, 29a, 33, 3x7-345, 37. 
133, 34. 405, 4a, 30«. 81. «23; various mention, i, 54, 6, 6a, 179, 33X, 334-341, 

9, 368, 10, 100, 14. 144, 16, 167, 17, 37. 18. 46. 27X-273, 383, 387, 3«8, 19, 146, 
34, 384, 285, 36, 344, 37. 6x, 39. X9«, 44, X77, 47. 97. 105, 163. 4«, 235, 232, 
49, 78, 81, 4^, 47, «22, x86, X89, 2xx, 5^, 45, 75, «02. 

Captain-general (office held by gov.-gen.) - powers and authority, i, 49, 50, ao, 
208, 221, 38, 202, 47, xox; pay, 14. 35X, 47, 97; duties, 30, 141, 303, 3i, 91, 
xox, 8a, 73; various mention, i, 49, 3, 63, 14, 365, 37, 290, $1, 288, 389, 5^, 67, 

72, 73- 

Master-of-camp (maestro de ram^o) - authority and jurisd., 6, 238, 18, 268- 

270, 19, X25-X28, 34, 216, 223, 224, 285; pay, 14, 263, 16, X72, 286, 33, 34, 
76, 36, 203, 47, 97, X05 (native) ; various mention, I, 33, 3, X04, zx6, X44-X5X, 
154, 232, 4, 71, 90, X79, 8, 220, 221, 9, 190, 19, 87, X44, 33, 41, 34, 353, 38, 
X9^, 34, 395. 36, 244, 44, X76, 2xx, 213, 215. 

Castellans, wardens, and commandants of forts -pay, 14, 367, 368, 317, 16, 
X73, X74, 19, 145, 393, 47, 100, X05; jurisd. and authority, 18, 270^ 33, 330, 34, 
333, 224, 285, 36, 272, 36, 95; various mention, 8. 8x, 10, 90, 11, 99, 14, 316, 



Officials] INDEX 651 

18, 359, ^^1 74, xoi, ISO, 336, as7, Mh ^4t 45. a9$» ^SA% ^6. «$4, «». axa» ^7» 
127, laS, a8, 6a, 148, 4^. «7«. 44, X7^, 47, xoi. 

Sargento-mayor * powers and dudet, 6, laa, 19, 83, 84, as, 196; pay, 14, 264, 
a«6, 16, 173, 174, 19, «44, a93, aw, 148, a6, X95, 196, 103, 47, 97, «o$ (native) ; 
odier mention, 4, X13, 19, 87, Ja, 148, J4, az6, J5, a56, 36, 244. 

Captains - authority, 6, 236, 238, 19, 2x7; pay, etc^ 7, i6x, 14, 62, 145, X79, 

194. •63-266, 16, X7a-X74* i8«, aS^ ««, SS, 3^, 53, ^9, i45, »93, ^o, xxs, aa, 35, 
4X, 228, a4, 209, a6, X95, X96, 227, a7, 274, 34, 399, 4^5, 47, 97, xoo (native), X05, 
X09, ZZ4, XX7, Z24, X25; various mention, 3, X53, 4, 7h 9©, 6, X79, 187, 200-202, 
2x9, 23a, 7, X62, x68, 8, 97, 10, 44, 14, X43, 263, 266, 16, 286-288, 17, 96, 97, 

18, 46, 47, X39, 19, 45, 4^, 87, aa7, ^^ %x% aaa, aas, 340^ 341, a3, x8x, a4, 385, 
334, 335, a6, X96, 309, 353, 305-3», a7, 44, 34, a69, 374, 395, 397, 37, a43, 46, 
306. 

Lieutenants, 14, a68, 16, X73, 19, X45, a6, 306, 307, 3a, 60, 34, 34, 44^, 47, 
97, xoo, X35. 
Sergeants, 6, 179, 7, x6x, 14, 63, 3X3, 364, a66, 368, 16, X73, X73, 18, 35, 36, 

19, 293, a6, 203, 209, 225, 251, 305-3x2, 46, 329, 47, 97, xoo, 105,109, xx7,z24, X25. 
Alfirez (ensign, or standard-bearer), a, X09, 248, 3x9, 5, 8x, 7, x6x, 14, 62, 

X43, X94, axa, ^64, 266, 16, X72, X73, 287, 18, 35, 36, X39, 19, 293, aa, 52, xx8, 
a3, XX4, a6, 203, 224-227, 260^ 295, a98, 30^-3xa, a9, 54, 55, 34, 44«, 4©, a7o, 
47, 97, xoo, X05, XX4, XX7, X24, 125. 

Petty officers, etc, 19, X45, a6, 305-312; adjutants, 14, 264, 266, 16, X72, 19, 
X44, X45, aa, X82-X84, X92, a6, 203, 227, 306, 309, 3x0^ 47, 97, X05; aide-de- 
camp, xoo, 124; constables of field or camp (chief called borrachel), a, 249, 14, 
266, 19, 293, a6, 204, 227; corporals, 6, 179, 7, x6z, 14, 265, 266, 268, 16, X72, 
X73, a6, 209, 214 (corp. de guzmanes)^ 2x5, 259; drummers, 204, 228, 306, 307; 
engineers, 47, 97; entreienidos (supernumeraries), 19, 295, 47, 97; mil. overseer, 
97; pages, 97, xoo, X05, 124; trumpeters, a6, 306. 

General (commander, or chief captain) of artillery, a, 57, 18, 258, 270, a4, 
2x5, 2x6, 324, 284, 2S5, 325, as, X65, Z67, 202, 203, 206, a6, 87-89, X54; his deputy, 
47, 97, X42; capt. of artillery, 4, xxa, XX3, 14, 265, 16, 174, 19, 293, a4, 2x5, 
a6, 203; sub-officials, 18, 270, 19, 294, a6, 202, 204, 228. 

Special posts - mariscal, 5, 207, 6, X87, 8, 76, 17, 294, 296, 29S, 300, 301, 303, 
306, 30S, 5a, S3; commander-in-chief, 79; brigadier-gen., 83; lieut.-commander 
(segundo cabo)^ 16, 173, 17, 300, 302, 305-3x0, 51, 59, 60, 5a, 83; other officers, 
5, 8x, 19, 294, 37, 127, 5a, 83. 

Naval and marine \ enumerated, a, 6x, 13, 260, 14, X42, 17, 36, 38, 45; duties 
and authority, a, 6X-63, 10, 299, 14, X46, 19, 227, 25, 28, a9, xx2, XX3; salaries, 
etc., 19, 99, xoo, aa, X49, X50, a4, 293, as, 3a, ^7, X29-X3X, 47, xx2, ^o, X03; 
various mention, i, 54, a, 57, 62, 90, 9X, lo, xo2, 13, 260, 14, X44, X45, 17, 39, 

18, 270, 292, 299, 323, 19, X4X, X42, a4, 2XX, :iSt a7, 27, X3X, X75, a9, 56, 57, 
33i 277» 3Si 165, 247, 49, 56, ^O^ X79, S^t 79- Commanders of fleets or squad- 
rons, a, 57, 90, X05, X29, 245, 6, 207, 208, 14, 188, IS, 35, i6» 303, 308, 17, 3^. 

19, xx6, 228 (cuatralbo), ai, 265, ^:i, 23X, 232, 235, 24X, 35, 80, 46, 37, 48, X58, 
X62, X65, X70, 49, 45, so^ 45, 70, SI, 37. Id.f of galleons, ships, etc. -pay, etc., i, 
64, a, 27, 10, 48, 49, 13, a6x, 14, X45, x88, a6, 209, 253, 45, 58, 47, xx2, so, 
X79, SI, X5x; various mention, 3, X09, 14, X37, is, 259, 30X, 16, 50, 5X, 231, 18, 
49, 50, 254, 277, 298-300, ^^, 65, 76, xox, X47, X48, X87, 23X, 235-238, ^S, XH-XX4, 
a4, 103, X53, 2x5, a6, 272, 273, a7, 347, a9, 83, xx2, xx3, 31, X05, zs, 294, 304, 



652 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Officials 

Ofhciau and OFFiCEits (oondnucd) — 

308, 31a, 3x3, 340, 35» ^35, 345, aSSi 36, 207, 37. ^^^ as^b a7$. »77. 39» 144. 
41, aox, 4a, a34, ays, 44, aax. Admiral of fleet (aecond in command, and in 
charge of almiranu), J, 90^ 3x0^ 13, a6x, 14, x88, x6, X73, 17, 36, Ja, as9-a4X, 
J3, 130, a6, 209, aioi a53, aya, J9, 5^. ««». xx3. S04. 37. 59. 4'. $03, 47. i«a. 
Ship-captains, I, 64, 354, 255, a6x, J, 6a, 63, 231, 4, aa6, 10, xas, li, X67, 16, 
X73, I7t «i7. 32, X95, 196, 23, 3a, 33, 34*. 35<. 45, 867, 47, "o, 49. 5»- SWp- 
masten, i, a62, 27a, a84, 395, J, 57 (duties), 6a, 90, X43, 3. 133, 2x3, 17, 56, J4, 
XS9. 30s, a6, 2x3. Mates, i, 64, a6x, 272, 3, 2x3, J8, 29, J6, 204, 205, 233, 236, 
237, 35, 165, 44, X79, 47, XX2. Pilots, see under Ships. Boatswains, X, a6a, 295, 
^, 57, 62, 6, 20X, 16, X73, J3, 3a, ^6, 204, 232, J9, «S. 35, 165, 47, xox, xx2. 
Other minor oflkers, i, 255, 5, 33, 7, "», «5a. ^^3. 262, 265, 14, 253, 325, 16, X7S, 

17, 36, 18, 325. 19, »28, 22, 239, 24, 222, 223, 25, 37, 26, 202, 205, 22X, 233, 
29, 186, 36, X02, 45, 74. 47, 109, XX3- In gtHeys, 16, X73, 19, 295, 94, 208, 284, 
26, 205, 27, X29, X30; commander (gen., or capt.), 3, X33. 4. 77. n^, 9, 267, 

11. 135, 14, 68, 16, X73, 18, 50^ 19, 296, 22, 33, 238, J4, 208, 224, a6, 204, 

205, 231, 232; other officers, 14, 252, 16, X73, 18, 130^ J4, 208, J6, 205, 232, 234, 
^7, "9, 47, 109; in ship and navy yards, 3, 3X3, 7, 93, I4. 253. i*. X75. S**. 
329, 330, 26, aox, aao, 27, X3a, 47, 109, XX7; special officers, 6, 19, x6$, 11, a78, 

39, 7X. 
Ecc, officials. See Ecc. Estate: Orders, Rel., and the several large orders. 

Ogmuc (vill. in Leyte) : location, 12, 290; pop., 17, 204; raided by Moros, 22, 

206, 29, 95; Jes. miss, in, I J, 22, 282, 13, 54-5^» 95-98. X70, X7X, J8, 15$, 154, 
28, 90. X5X, X72. 

Ogyao (vill. in Leyte) : its chief, 13, X77. 

Ohot (vill. in Mindanao) : Recs. administer, J8, xsa, X75. 

Oibich (chief in Timor) : his vill., 34, xai, xa4. 

Oil: an article of trade, 2, 190, II, X64, 19, 3xa, 3x7, 26, a8x, 35, 86, 40, a93, 
43, X69, 44, 290, 30X, 45, 70^ 7x, 47, a8a, 51, 146, 5^, M; for use by reL and 
churches, 9, X07, 17, 87, 24, 248, 26, 20^ a8, 149, 28, 269, a75, a76, a86, 32, 278, 
35, 283, 45, 257, 269, 47, X38, X44-X54, 50, X4X, X43; tax or trib. paid in, 19, 
71, 26, 238, 28, 25X, 40, 293, 47, X54, 50, 230; for mil. or marine supplies, 15, 
272, 16, 284, 28, X83, 44, X33, 47, 53, ixo; various mention, 3, 135. »0, X14, 

12, 34, x8x, 16, 221, 17, 127, 27, 270, 35X, 30, 293, 34, 63, 65, 35, «54. 40, 60, 
128, 47, i66f 255, 277, 48, 305, 49, 38; consecrated (or holy), 13, ao9, axo^ 28, 
103, 42, 143, 44, 48, X30, 47, X30-X32, x35-«39, 50, 79, 95- Various kinds- 
ajonjoli (or sesame), 5, 2ix, 6, 150, 12, 212, 16, 78, 29, 288, 38, xx6; almond, 
47, 274; aparicio,* 34, 381; balao, 43, 269; beneseed, J9, a98, 33, X03, 34. 73: 
biao, 43, 269; calumpang, X05; castor, 269; cocoanut (or palm), i, 323, 3, aoa, 
4, 98, 5, 163, 6. X5X, 12, X89, 16, 88, 19, a83, 3«7, ^7, 80, 28, 87, 91, ^9, 298. 
299. 33* 109, 323, 34, 73, 38«, 36, 200, 38, 51. 68, 252, 39, 97, 43, 257, 269, 45, 
257, 269, 289, 47, 130. X34, 138, 154, 205, 224, 256, 50, 2XX, 51, 235; dangcalan, 

18, 169; flaxseed, 6, 150; ginger, 19, 3x7; malapaho (see above, balao), 43, a69; 
olive, 2, 85, 6, 50, X49, 10, 296, 305, 29, 298, 3XX, 47, X30, 274; peanut, 43, 269. 
See also Plants and trees. 

Oilskin: used as a blackboard, 46, 185, X96. 
Ojaca: 24, 24X. See Osaka. 

*An oil prepared from the blossoms of Hypericum, excellent for healing voounds 
(Cejador y Franca, Lengua de Cervantes, t. it, p, 87). 



Oflatc] INDEX 653 

Ojeda, Juan de, O.P.: volunteers for Phil, mist., 30, laa 

Olaez, Capt Juan de: various mention, 24, 334, a6, 185, 187. 

Olaiz, Capt. Lopez de: acts as witness, Ji, 94. 

Olarte, Juan Bautista de, O.S.A. (provin.) : his report on miss. (1704), 48, 66-69. 

Olaso (Olago, Olasso, Olazo), Lorenzo de (Span, officer): exped. against Jol6^ 33, 
88, 98, 163; other mention, 17, 191, aa, 183, 369, 170^ 34, 946, 353, 329, 333, 
337, J5, a83, 384, a6, 80, 383, 305, J7, 33, 41, 39, 33, 103, 104, 316-331, 353, 

47, a8. 
Olavide, Francisco de (rqy. notary) : attests doc., xo, 305, 306. 
Olaz, Capt Juan de: merits favor, J7, 43. 

Olazaran (Olaceran), Francisco (Span, officer) : mil. services, 37, 356, 363, 366, 374. 
Oley, Tuam (Moro chiefs wife) : converted to Chris, faith, 38, 136-138. 
Olite, Pedro de: his son enters rel. life, 36, 147. 
Oliva, — (Span, officer) : killed in battle, aS, 45, 6x. 
Oliva, Francisco de, O.S.A. See Santa Maria Oliva, Francisco de. 
Oliva, Nicolas de, O.S.A. (gen. of ord.) : various mention, 42, 133, 144, 163. 
Oliva, Pablo de: pay-check conmiuted, a6, 158. 
Olivares, — , Conde de (Span, minister) : opinion by, 14, x8z. 
Olivares, Manuel de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 4a, 191. 
Olivarria, Capt Antonio de: officer of Misericordia, 47, 77. 
Oliver, Esteban de, S.J.: captured by Chin., escapes, 39, 303, 304. 
Oliver, Juan, O.S.F.: in Phil. Is., lO, 307; writings by, 35, 311. 
Olivers. See Suarez de Olivera. 
Oliveros. See Sanctos de Oliveros. 
Olmedo, Francisco de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 139. 
Olmedo Gabald6n, Esteban de (sec. priest) : in polit. controversies, 39, 331, 41, 37, 

38, 4a, 388. 
Olmo, Nicolas de el, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 7a 
Omaghicon (FiL chief) : punished for conspiracy, 7, xo8. 

Omana, Nicolas Antonio de (alc.-in-ord.) : various mention, 35, 134, 376, 36, 147. 
Omen de Azevedo, Rafael: gov. of Zamboanga, 41, 398, 44, 79. 
Omens: ascribed to comets, etc., by Span., 3, 152, 13, Z07, 34, 95, 96, 31, 349, 44, 

27. See under Filipinos, Moros, and names of different tribes. 
Omoc (vill. in Leyte) : assigned in encom., 34, 308. 
Omoncon (Omocon, Chin, ship-capt) : sent to capture pirate Limahon, 4, 45-48, 6, 

ixa-118; other mention, 4, 60^ 62, 6, ii(>-x22, X29. 
Omura (city in Japan) : Chris, persecuted in, 18, 8x, 19, 50, 55, 56, 33, 3x3-3x4, 

34, 23X, 33, 73-76, X62, x83. 
Onan (Chin, city): 3, 4X. See Ho-Nan. 
Onarano, Lutao: deposition by, li, 294-296. 
Onchiu (Chin, city) : 3, 4X. See Wan-Chau. 
Ondol (Moro chief) : various mention, 38, X32, X33, 44, 63, 9X, 93. 
Ongjunco, Doroteo: member of Liga Filipina, 53, 326. 
Onray (Chin, ship-capt) : commands ship, 14, X90. 
Onsan (Chin, capt) : commands ship, 14, X89. 
Onsan (locality in Borneo) : Span, at, 44, 78. 
Onte, Miguel: Chin, convert at Manila, 9, 49-5X, 54, 14, X30. 
Ontee: appellation of Chin, emperor Moutsong (g.v,), 3, 228. 
Ofia y Ocadiz, Martin de, OP.: arrives at Manila, 43, 87. 
Onate, Luis, O.P.: life and labors, 33, 333, 335-339. , 



654 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Oflate 

Ofiate, Magdalena dc: arrives at Manilat J4| 147. 

Ofiate, Capt Salvador de: arretted, 19, 2$$. 

Onez, Juan: petitioni Felipe III, i8» 183-984. 

Op6n (Opong, vilL in Mactan) : pop^ 23, 161; rel. admiiin ^8, x66. 

Oporto (Puerto, city of Portugal) : Magalhiet a native of, I, *so, 

Oquendo, Sebastian de, O.P.: various mention, J8, 319, 344, a66, 367, a6, zoo, 138, 
45, a" ; sketch, J5, 21%, 37» 9$. 45. ax«- 

Oria Lecumberri, Marcelino de (gov. of Phil. Is.) : events in his official career, 17, 
304, 51, 7a, 531. 60, 73, 93, 94. ao8. 

Orac (formerly Tuga, vill. in Cagayto) : Dom. miss, at, 43, 79, 8a 

Oran (city in Algeria): its (spiritual?) conquest for Spain, J5, 348, 36, 13a 

Oran Illanon: 48, 17a. See Illanos. 

Oran Manubo: 51, 84. See Subanos. 

Orang Dampuwans (a Malay tribe) : settle in J0I6, 43, 173. 

Orange (Oranje), Prince William of: sends exped. to Eastern seas, 14, Z14. 

Orang-Laut (''Sea Gypsies"; oho called Bajau, and Simal-Laut, a Malay people): 
habitat, 40, xoo. 

Orang-Sakei (a Malay people) : tree-dwellers, Ji, 341. 

Orani (vill. in Pampanga) : 49, 3oi ; admin, by Dom., J8, 140^ 173. 

Orasco, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives in Manilm, 94, 93. 

Orbigo y Gallego (Gallego de Santa Rosa), Juan Antonio, O.S.F. (abp. of Manila, 
1789.90) : life, labors, and character, 50, 6z, 51, 313. 

Orchards. See Agric., and Plants and trees. 

Ordas, Antonio de (notary) : various mention, la, 33, 14, 159, i6a 

Ordds (Ordaz), Diego de, O.S.A.: dignities, official acts, etc., J4, 128, 29, 264, 37, 
86, Z50, 164, Z65, Z69, 173, Z73, Z78, z8o, 3x8, 321-323, 38, i8x; sketdi, 25, 158, 
>59i 37, 350; letter, cited, 38, 208, 209. 

Orders, Holy. See £cc.: Sacraments; and Sec clergy. 

Orders, hospital: St. John of Jerusalem (Ord. of Rhodes, or of Malta), J, 36, 14, 
63, 33t 37, 274. St John of God -origin, 14, X64; take part in Crusades, J, 36; 
decree rdg. their estab. in Indias, J8, 144; desired in Phil. Is., 14, 164, 165, ao, 
93, 237, 33, 276, 36, 295-298, 47, Z6X-X63; their estab. therein, 33, 3zx, 38, 143- 
X45, X76, 205, 37, X3X, 38, 8x, 47, X65; their estates, and grants from crown, 43, 
i94t 47» I74~i76) X98-202, 204-208, 49, 306; bequests and obras plas, aa, X48, 
47, 208-223; relations with Misericordia (g*v^ under Manila), 38, X87, 47, 58, 
63, 70, X69-179; list of provin., X92-X95; iV., of members, X95-X98; their incomes 
and disbursements, X99-203; their hospitals, 38, X45, X76, X77, X87, 206, 35, 390, 
36, 90, 95, 47, 58, 63, 70, X64-X72, 208, 51, x68; convent of Manila, 38, 44, 43, 
X94, 47, 137, X40, 2x4, 2X7, ax9; church, 44. 160, 47, 171, X77 (view), X79, 205, 
2x7-220; Maldonado de Puga's hist, of ord. in Phil. Is. (prov. of S. Raphael), 
x6x-229, 285; various mention, 14, X65, 18, xx2, XX4, X34, 30, 93, 337, 33, 1x5, 
276, 33, 2XX, 38, X48, X53, X76, X77, 206, 35, 290 (Mex. prov.), 36, 30, 37, 17a, 47, 
X9X, 203, 204, 49, 22X, 222, 306, 51, 38, 66, x68; convents suppressed, 63, 53, 2x5. 

Orders, military: Span., brought under control of crown, i, 223, 4, 133; furnish 
colonial officials, 3, 54 (cf. "list of gov.,*' 17, 287-296, 300, 303) ; membership in, 
18, 133, 33, 77, 36, X54 (exempted from imprisonment, 39, 190); feudal element 
in, 53, 345; houses suppressed, 51, 63; other mention, i, xx3, X37, 4, X33, X47, 
6, 224. Various orders- Alc&ntar a, i, 2x3 (ecc. jurisd.), 4, X33, 6, 225, 9, 86, 
122, 16, 245, 17, 287, 290, 29X, 293, 300, 35, 2XX (immunities), 37, 29X; Cala- 
trava, i, X59, 2x3 (ecc. jurisd.), 222, 223, 4, X33, 6, 225, 17, 290, 295, 296, 33, 28, 



Orders] INDEX 655 

1x4, J3, 69, j8, Z09; Iitbel the Cttholic, a68; Jetut Christ (a Port ord.)i x, i37i 
«74t iS, 91, a7, 307, 33, $11, 4 J, ai9; Mercy, Ji, 49, 35, aia; Montesa, i, 2x3 
(ecc. jurisd.) ; St Basil, 19, a88; St George, 27, 3x4, 29, 99; St John of Jerusa- 
lem (g.v. also under Orders, military), a, a6, 6, aas, la, 30, 17, a88, x8, 43, 357, 
asS, aa, 40, 4a, 1x9, 50, 93; Santiago, i, X45, X58, 159, 164, ax3 (ecc. jurisd.), 
a8o^ a95, a, X57, 4, X33, 6, aas, 7. X37» «4X» 8, 83, X87, 94$, a63, a9x, 3xa, 9, 3X, 
3a, 76, xao^ ax8, la, ao3, 14, a37, 15, 65, 16, a45, 17, a85-a95, 300^ 18, 285, 2:^, 
30-33, 35, 39, 87, ^3. 69, 7a, as, axa (immunity of members), 33, a76, 37, «83, 
X84, a76; Santo Jacobo de la Spada ("St James of the Sword"), 33, a9. 

Orders, privileged: exemptions of, a, X44, 8, a8o^ as, axx, axa, a6, 6a, 39, X90; im- 
munity of their property from seizure, 4a, a7, 34, X04-X08; enumeration, 47, a75. 
See also the various classes of orders. 

Orders, Religious — 

In general: internal admin., rules, etc, 8, 54, 55, la, xx8, X4X, 13, a98, 18, X90, 
19, X56, ai, a6, 37, a4, 3a, 33, a8, 73, 36, X50, x$x, X67-X7X, x8a-x84i a65, 4a, 
77, 8(>-8a, 46, a87, 50, X30; privileges, a, x66-x68, 6, 30, a6o^ a6x, 3x7, ai, 4a, 
45, 6a, 63, a6, 6a, 36, X5X, x6a, 4a, 3a; authority (in part OMmmodo), 6, a6o, 
a6x, 10, 43, 16, X53, ai, 45, 36, a69, 37, 258 (see also Decrees: Papal, Ommmodo) ; 
archives, 53, X3. Officials, and their authority * gen., a4,aa6, 37, axx; provin., i, 
57, a, x6x, 3, 5*. 14, a«o, 17, 8x, 19, xsa, X54, X55, ao, 68-70, 76, 77, 87, 344, 
ai, a7-a9, 38, 40, 43, 55, 6a, a3, 33, 34, as, axa, ax3, a6, 96, xa9, a7x, a8, 71, 
36, X63-X68, x8a, 4a, X77 (absolutos), 46, xa7, so, X7x, X74, X75, s^, 79, ^69- 
a7x; sup. of rel. communities, ai, 76, 77, xoo, 22^ 373, a4, aa6, 367, 369, 370^ 
^7t ^^ 39, ^7-^9, X50. 44, 15^; procurator, a4, aa7, a8, 359, 37, xa6, xa7, 42, 
^77, 47, 153; definitor, defined, a, x6x; priors, a, x68, a4, 364, a65, a6, xa9, 36, 
x8a; others, a4, XX3, 373, a6, xa9, 36, 150, xsx, 37, axx, 40, X03 (ransomer), 
4a, 307; in N. Espafia, 8, 55, ax, 48; estab. in Phil. It., 13, 134, 247, 18, 305, 
ao, X34, ai, a64, a3, X7a, 31, 170, 36, axo-ai7, 41, 166, 4s, xas, s©, X4X, 52, 
23S, a39, aSo^ 284; status in Phil. (X898), a8, 357-360; have separate fields of 
work, 4, X42, 6, 32X, 9, X20, X2X, 16, X53, ai, 36; supported from roy. treas. (and 
amount of this expense), 6, 48, 9, X07, 13, 236 (demands rdg.), 17, 87, a7, xa4, 
X25, X29, X34, 34, 327, 336, 430^ 436, 4a, %2, 47, «33-i5^, 4^, i«5t 50, 80, 8x, 
96, X4X, X43, X44; in Indias, maintained jointly by crown. Span., and natives, 4, 
X4x; tithes claimed from, 4a, 3a, 33, 68; attitude toward natives, 19, ax6, 22, 
a7a, a73, a8, 29, 30 (the alternativa)^ x8x, a9, 202, 3a, 26x, 40, 270-277, 44, 
X20-X4X, 4S, 233, 48, 33-35, SI, 305. Members of ord. (see Religious persons), 
10, 28, 78, 79, x8o, X82, a6, X24, 37, «95, 255, 4^, 9^, «75, 44, i49, 45, 9«, 50, 
X30, X3X, X42, S^i a69; character of their work, 8, X40, 16, X50-X55, 36, 150, X5X, 
50, 59, X63; in hosp. and charitable work, 10, 34, a4, ax5, 4a, x68, 48, 295, 322, 
49, 79, 50, 89, $1, X48 (see also Hospitals, and Obrat pias) ; in connection with 
educ matters, la, 234, 4s, X33, 293, 46, 76, 280, 28x, 287, 293, 294, 304, 3xx, 3x4, 
32$, 346, 347, 360, 364, so, X40, X70; complaints and charges against them, 8, 
57, 303, 304, 10, 247, la, XX7, 17, 3x1, 18, X54, 20^ 93, xx8, x2x, 124, a8, 206, 
2x0, 2XX, a9, X06, X07, 36, X56, 46, 326, 48, 33-35, 50, 87, X40, X79, 180, S3, 23- 
25, 229, 278 (of trading, zo, X58, 4s, 35» 48, «84, 3", 50, X53, X56) ; they de- 
fend themselves (in memorial to Span, govt., X898), 227-286; hostile expressions 
rdg. them, 48, 28, 35, 36, 49, 340, sa* aa8, 229, 233; secularized in Spain, 48, 
53, 81, 62, 63, S^i 46, 2xx; various mention, 8, 54, X72, 10, 88, x8o, la, 248, 13, 
124, 14, X33, 19, 66, ai, 73, 270, 2Z, 236, a6, X09, XXX, X75, X77, X78, x8o, i8x, 
X85, x86, X89, X92 (the last nine refer to purchase of treas. warrants), a7, 335, 



656 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [OrdcrS 

Orders, Religious (oontinued) — 

33<. i9» «73i »S7, 36, a6, 27, 159, 44, 95, 47, 49, 63, 6$, ffo, 9$, ja, sso-ssa. 
Ute of term "ditcaked," ao, 1x6. 

Relations: with crown, 8, 56, so4« 9» 93» >37f H^i H» *'>* ^^ ^St M^^SO% 
3«7» 19, 73, ^i» a6-a«, 41, J4, 59, 336, J8> a3» a4» ^^ 97. «77» a7»t 3^, a$3» a54. 
45, 224, 227, 50, 118, 145, 271, 277, 289, SI, 65, 83, 228, 231, 237-339, «45, ^4^ 
256, 279, 285; oontulted by gjov^ or take pert in juntai, etc., 6, 157, 232, 7, 3x2- 
3««, 8, 35, 36, 156, 157, 241, 258, 9. 63, H«, II, 95, 96, 33, 272, 273, 33, 109, 
J4, 324, 35, 68, 70b 73, 36, 220, 37, 343, 39» x^o^ »«», i«6, 187, 193, 210, 4a, 
232, 45, 39, 49, 234, 235* 

With the sec govt, 8, 56, 199-333, 293-295, I?, ^73, 3««, '9, X53, ao9, ai, $6, 
84, 85, 89, 35, 189, 204, 205, 252, 267, 36, 60^ 123, 277, 278, 37, 23, 39, 233, 36, 
27, 28, 249, 37, 40^ 45, SO, 7*, x«o, 39, «37, X39, «7a, X73. 43, 26, 27, 33, 34, 44, 
65, XX3, X2X, 44, X55 (conspire against Bustamante), 279, 47, 44, 66, 48, 185, 49. 
1x2, X34, X79, 337, 339, 34(^ so, 25, 30b 32, 39-4X, 69, X2X, 122, X5$, X7X, 227, 263, 
51, 33, 53, 267, 282. 

With citizens and public, 9, 65, lo, 76, 14, 258, 17, 3x1, 44, 282, 90, 89, 51, 
X48, 53, 235, 240^ 243-245, 270, 277, 278; status in PhiL, 266, 280^ 284; power and 
influence, I, 58, 6, 23X, 249, 9, «77, 224, la, X09, xxo^ 36, X53, 4a, 78, 50, 9X, 
92; lands and wealth, i, 64, 85, 16, X7x, a3, 36, a8, 200^ 206, 44, 278, 48, 29, 
8O, 89, 90, 95, 96, X4», X55, 51, 168, 246, 83, X27, X59, x66, X75, x86, 2x5, 283; 
appeals in, to pope alone, 4a, X44. 

With dioc authorities, 8, 35, 36, 156, 9, X52, X53, 10, 200, 13, XX7-X22, 206, 14, 
29, 68, 69, ai, 32-8X, X04, aa, 76, a4, 249, 270, as, X67, X69, X70, X79, X89, 204, 
205, 207, 2x0, 2X4-22X, 228, 229, 239, a6, 24, 38, 42, 62, a7, 26, 29, 3X, 33, 283, 
34, 374, 375, 3*, X51-X72, 37, 125, «53, X93-20X, 38, 83, 39, 269, 4a, 25-30, 34, 
43-45, 65-67, 69-73, ^ 90, 9h 98, X05, X08, 44, i43-«49, «68, X90, X92, 48, 99, 
xoo, 323, 232, 233, 49, "2, 50, 30, 42, 43, X33, 139, X4X-X43, 81, S^ 307, 3«», 3*6. 

With one another, 8, 163, 14, 222, 225, 226, 230, 236, 238, 17, 234, 294, 307, x8, 
239, ai, xa9, X32, 268, 295, a4, X74, X75, 227, 255, as, 206, 2x5, 2x6, 269, 270^ a6, 
X19, 31, 284, 33, 258, 41, x27, 4a, X09, xxo, 45, 234, 286. 

The orders separately — 

Alcantarines, foundation and habit, ao, 9X. 

Basilians, origin and extension, 4a, X54. 

Benedictines, arrive in Phil. Is. (X895), 30, X34, a8, 368; only order of monks 
there, 40, 1S6; status in 1898, a8, 359; history, 368. 

Capuchins, origin of name, a8, 207; allied to Fran., 206; Rec. dress resembles 
that of, 13, 247; retains entity, ao, 92; arrive in Phil. (x886), 368; have admin- 
istrative house in Madrid, 359; status (X898), 359; miss, in Carolinas and Palaos, 
359, 368 ; their schools, 46, xox ; history, 206, 207. 

Carmelites, hist, ai, 287; branches of, 287; accompany exped., 14, X84; con- 
vent for nuns founded for, in Spain, 17, 26x, 279; none of Phil., ao, X34; permit- 
ted to despatch miss's, a8, 68. 

Conventuals, branch of Carmelites {g,v, above), ax, 287. 

Escuelas Pias, see below, Piarists. 

Cistercians, hist, 2$^ 21 x, 212; special rel. privileges, 2xx; see also below, Trap- 
pists. 

Clarisses, branch of St. Clare (g.v., below). 

Jeronymites (San Ger6nimo), members of, in Phil., 17, 295, ao, X34. 



Orders] INDEX 657 

Nucstra Sefiora de la Merced (Our Lady of Mercy), member of, 36, 3a. 

Paulists (St Vincent dc Paul), hitt, a8, 354, 355; arrive in PhiL (x86a), $€i; 
their activities in Phil, (as teachers, and as directors of condliar sem.), 354-356, 
359, 368, 45, a30-a3a, ^34, 46, 235, a66, 5^, ax5- 

Piarists (Escuelas Pias), hist, 45, 124; convent at Zaragoza, 50, 4a; their educ 
functions, 48, 5a-54; accompany abp. to Phil^ za5, laS, 131; coll. of S. Jos^ given 
to^ 124, xa5; Aud. protest against this, xa4-xat; refuse to present licenses, ia5. 

Recollects (branch of discalced Fran., or Friars Minor) - estab., and relation 
to order at large, ao, 91, 9a (see also Fran.). 

Observantines, branch of Carmelites (9.V., above), ax, aSy. 

St (Santa) Clare (Clara; Poor Clares), hist sketch, Ja, 104; second order of 
St Francis, X04; branches of, X04; incorrectly called Tertiary branch of Fran., 
a8, 199; in European countries, aa, X04; their estab. in Phil., convents, etc., 13, 
104, 107, a6, 19, aa-ay, a8, 147, 168, 35S, 359, a9, 107, 38, 294-299, 36, 90, 38, 
44, 40, 33a; ask that no. be not restricted, ^^, Z05, 106; how recruited, a8, ia7, 

47, 63; in Macao, as, az8, 35, a94-a99; exiled thence, ay, 311; devoted to con- 
templative life, a8, 359; how supported, and incomes from alms, etc, aa, 205, 
106, a6, ao^ aa, ay, a8, ay, za4, a8, 199, ap, 107; petition aid, a6, 9, zo^ Z9, ao, 
a8, a9, Z09; Corcuera ordered to treat them well, Z3, Z4, Z07-Z09; their complaints 
against them, zo8, Z09; their suit with A. de Vera, 35, a96; their rule rdg. pos- 
sessions, a97 ; desire canonization of foundress in Phil., a6, zo^ a8 ; letters by those 
in Phil., aa, Z3, Z4, Z04-Z07, 3az, a6, Z9-30, 3Z5, ap, Z07. 

Sisters of Charity - their work as teachers, a8, 359, 360, 45, 305, 309-3 zz, 3Z3, 
46, ZZ9, Z43, Z47, a37, a4a, a65-a67, 346 (see also above St Clare). 

Tertiary Orders (branches of rel. orders for men and women; see Addis and 
Arnold, p. 79a) -Aug., ai, Z65, 48, Z79; Dom., Z79; Fran., ax, Z65, a8, Z99, 44, 
a74, aSa, 48, Z79, Z84; Rec, ax, Z69, 41, 20$; see alto these orders. 

Theatins (Jes., g.v,, often confused with this order), hist, a, 96, 19, 64, 65; how 
maintained, a, 96; none in Phil., la, Z09; in Phil., 19, 65. 

Trappists, offshoot of Cistercians (g»v^ above), as, aza. 

Trinitarians (Holy Trinity), hist, 17, zz8; founds Lisbon Misericordia, a8, 
z86; in Spain, 17, Z19; in Phil., ao, Z34; act as chaplains, 17, zz8. 

Urbanists, branch of nuns of St Clare (g.v^ above), aa, Z04; Victorian, none 
in Phil., ao, Z34. See also Aug.; Dom.; Fran.; Jes.; and Rec.; and Rel. persons. 

Convents and monasteries: decrees, etc., rdg. their estab., 4, Z4Z-Z43, 3ao, 7, 
Z30, 9, Z09, 19, 163, 53, 54; wtab. of, a, Z67, 4, Z4Z (at roy. expense), 5, a3, a4, 
336, 6, 79, 7, Z57, 15, 204, x6, Z5Z, ai, az; in Manila and Phil. Is., x, 39, 59, 
4, Z4Z, Z42, 5, 83, 6, 90^ 9, 102-Z04, zsa, 14, 8a, aa, 85-87, a4, zzo, 36, Z70, 4a, 
76, 224; bequests, roy. aid, etc., to, X, 250, 15, 204, x6, Z7Z, ax, Z9, 30, 60, 5X, 
Z48; admin., ao, 230, ai, 28; in America, independent of missions, 37, Z98; Phil., 
freed from dependence on Mexico, 4, Z2i ; destroyed or pillaged by natives, ai, 
283, 23, 233, 36, Z33, 43, 8z (cf. 50, 320), 51, 286; in Japan, X4, 230, 23Z, 15, 
204, 26z; in Bassein, 18, 205; a sanctuary for accused persons, as, 3Z8, 39, 26Z, 

48, Z37, Z38, Z9Z, Z92, 49, Z78; various mention, x, 45, 4, Z4Z, 6, 285, 3Z7, 8, zo6, 
Z07, Z17, 9, 237, 314, 10, 76, 78, Z44, IX, 87, 13. 246, 247, 14, zzo, x8, z8o, X9, 
286, ax, 33 (of Cluny, exempt from visitation), 62, 63, 69 (as epis. prison), 25, 
23, a8, 208, 294, 296, 30, Z53, 3a, 38, 34, 436, 4^» 67 (pub. charity schools in), 

44, 28Z, 48, Z9Z, SI, "2, ZZ3, Z48, S3, 50, 55, 2ZZ. 

(Further information under nearly all topics in this article may be found under 



6s8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Orders 

Okdbrs, Religious (ooadDued) — 

the names of the more important orders. See also Alms ; Education ; Ecclesiastical ; 

Hospitals; Missions; Manila; Philippine Islands: govt; Religious persons; Rere- 

nue and exchequer.) 
Ordima, Joan, O.P.: sketdi* 14, 87. 

Orddnez Vivar, Diego de, O.S.A.: arrives in Cebi&, J3» 191; studies lang., aoi. 
Ord6nez, Fray Manuel: cited, 47, 174. 
Orduna, Capt. Juan Pablo de: subdues revolt, 43, 79. 

Ordufia, Rodrigo Lopez: investigates mines, ao, aSz, 283-186; acts as witness, S96, 298. 
Orea, — , S.J.: Carrion sends letter to, 49, 335. 
Oreco, — (Fil. artist) : oil portraits by, 45, 377. 
Orella y Ugalde (Hugalde, Ugalde y Orella), Esteban (Estevan) de (Span, oflker) : 

mil. services, 39, 305, 2x5, 229, 253, 35» 234, 37, xo8, 41, xo6. 
Orella y Ugalde, Lorenzo (Lorenzo) de (Span, officer) : mil services, 37, 254, 259, 

263, 266, 27X, 279, 349. 35a. 35, 129, 232, 233, 235, 236, 238-242, 245, 37, 34. «9o; 

wounded, 27, 279, 353; ill, 30Z, 30a; commands gall., 38, 42; engages in trade, 

4«- 

Orellana. See Pizarro Orellana. 

Orendain, Ramon de: acts, as govt sec'y, 49, 124, 136, 14a, 203, 80, 263, 264. 

Orendain, Santiago (mestizo) : favorite of Arandia, 48, x86, 189, 190^ 49, 178 ; law- 
suit brought against him, is quashed, 17, 297, 48, 191, 192, 49, 178, 179, 190^ 191, 
51, 3xx; disloyal, 49, X2i, 154, X55, 30X, 307; various mention, 191, 272, 50, 140. 

Orense, J096 de, O.S.F.: various mention, 4 J, 209, 210, 217. 

Ores, mineral. See Mines and Mining. 

Orfanel, Jacinto, O.P.: miss'y labors and martyrdom, 14, 87, 332, 31, 282, 3a, 
68, X33, Z35, 137; history of Japan, cited, J5, 158. 

Organtinus (Argendno), Father, S.J. See Gnecchi, Organtino. 

Orgiz, Juan de (Span. alf6rez) : various mention, a6, 159, 29, 255. 

Orias, — , O.P.: professor in S. Tomis, 46, 349. 

Orient (or Far East) : importance, i, 21, 3, 15, aa, 128; Europeans in, x, 23, 30^ 46, 

71, 268, 308, 309, 6, 58, 2x9-223, 16, 65, 69, 223, 240, aa, x28, a7, 56, 79, 47, 
60, 234, 48, 290, 53, 29; Amer. in, i, X3, 39, 97; trade, I, 62, 68, 92, 7, 199, 8, 
193, 19, 94. $oy$i% ao, 15, 48, 290, 291 (see also Commerce) ; Chris, religion 
in, ao, X00-X05, :t2f x4o^ aS, X63, X69, 4a, X24; various mention, x, 25-27, 48, 71, 

72, 3091 7, aw, 17, las, X26, ai, X84, 202, a8, 202, 33, 334. 5i, «8x. See also 
China; Japan; and other Oriental countries. 

Oriol, Pedro de, S.J.: sketch, 39, X4X, 142. 

Orion (Oriong, vill. in Pampanga) : admin, by Dom., aS, 140, 173, 37, 139, 41, 
2S5» 48, X3X, X36; various mention, 17, 66, 4X, 249, 4a, 264. 

Oriongan (vill. in Tablas) : Recs. admin., a8, X7s. 

Oriosola, Capt Pedro: various mention, 39, 300, 302, 4a, X7X. 

Ormaza (Orma^a) de Santo Tomis, Juan de, O.P.: life and labors, 30, x2o, X25. 

Ormentegui. See Heredia Ormentegui. 

Ormuz (Armus, Ormus, city in Persia): location, 34, X39; trade, 18, 206, X9, 303, 
304, 315, 316, a7, 95-97, 34, X75; other mention, 6, 58, 22, 300, a4, 51. 

Ornaments, I, 68, 6, 2x7, 224, a8, x66, 34, 224, 40, 45; of natives (see under Fili- 
pinos, Moros, and names of various tribes) ; of churches (see under Ecclesiastical). 
Jewels and jewelry (see also Gems) -made of gold or silver, 3, 183, 224, 249, 
267, 4, 99, 38, 90; in trade, 6, 2x7, 11, 57, 16, X84, 18, X07, xo8, ao, 2x8, 34, 
296, 41, 36; as ornaments, 5, X55, >57, ^27 (ajorcas), la, 247, 18, 95, X9, 62. 65, 



Ortega] INDEX 659 

34> 377i 40| 77 (Chin., found in ancient tombs in Luz6n, 4S, 316), 46, 194; in reL 
or mortutry cuttomt, XJ, 270^ 13, 205, x6, 133, Ji, 139, 157, 40, 4S, 167, 316, 
387; in ecc. uie, aa, 235, J9, 36, 3^, 45. a^i, 36, 214; trinkets, 14, 296; various 
mention, i, 68, 258, 3, a49. a68, 278, 4> 88, 5» i43. ^t ^Ht 7. «8x. 9. ao4, 11. a^. 
13, 235. 15. 70^ 71. X6, 262, 18, 220^ JO, 193, a«8, JJ, 50, 37. 3«. 4*. 39, a79. 
296-299, 40, 366, 369, 44, 150, 47, 345. Materials -40, 62, 63, 43, ^9^\ glaw, 
36, 38; ivory, 6, 217, 16, 77, H2, J9, 287, 40, 62, 43, 247; mother-of-pearl, J7, 
96, 47, ass. ^57; rattan, 5, 137, 139, 40, 304; sdgid-sagd (coral?), 40, 135; shells, 
43, 29Z. On garments -galloons, J9, 307; golilla^ 44, 289; ribbons, 37, 337, 34. 
55, 40, 6o^ 330b 45, 44. ^a, 70, 268. 

Names - bracelets, 5, i37-«39, ^It 40, 135, 3<H; earrings, J, 141, 194, 3, 5^. 
277, la, 186, 14, 295, 16, 107, H2, 113, 3^, i99, 34, ^4, 39, 100, 104, iia, 40, 
>35, 3^8, 43, 163, 291; feathers and plumes, J, 213, 6, 203, 16, 222, 33, 52-59, 
«7. 33a. 40, 45, «8o, 304; necklaces, 4, 30^ I3, 186, 13. 143, I4, »», ^85, 286, 295, 
16, 263, 33, 51, 34, 259, 40, 62, 63, 43, 291, 292; rings (finger-, etc.), 3, 140, 
4, 30k S, 68 (epis.), 10, 288, 13, 186, 13, 205, 14, 289, 39, 287, 3a, ^83, 39, 
68, 40, 62, 63, 41. 70, 43, 163, a9o, 292', spangles, i, 5a 

Omay, Antonio de (Dutch mestizo) : career as usurping ruler of Timor and Solor, 
43, 218-220. 

Ome, Capt. Rafael: mil services, 37, 313, 38, 42, 47, 48, 52. 

Oro, Jerdnlmo de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 71. 

Oro, Miguel de, O.P.: life and labors, 31, 263, 264. 

Oropesa, Diego de, O.S.F.: arrives in Philippines, I3, 193. 

Oroz, Garcia, O.P.: life and labors, 14, 88, 31, 38, 33, 61. 

Orphans: enslaved, 3, 287, 288; cared for by Misericordia and others, i, 43, 14, 35, 
aio, 211, ^%^ 44, 47, 39, 40, 63, 76, 84, 220; dishonesty of guardians, 14, 165; 
dowries provided for, 30, 241, 242, 43, 160^ 47, 39, 220; asylums and schools, 14, 
163, 33, 225, 226, 38, 357, 36, 209, 37, 123, 46, 363; "children of Madonna," 
43, 52 (foundlings, aided by Misericordia, 47, 64). 

Orsucchi e Ferrar, Angelo, O.P.: sketch, 33, 58, 59. 

Orta, Juan de, O.S.A.: sketch, 33, 202. 

Ortafan, Manuel : punished for aiding in Pardons banishment, 39, 263 ; his wretched 
end, 39, ^7^^ 

Ortega, Agustin Garcia, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 129. 

Ortega, Antonio de: ale-may., 39, 191. 

Ortega, Francisco de, O.S.A.: first bp. of N. Segovia, 10, 248, 33, 202, 51, 299; 
long residence in Phil., 9, 104, xii; life and labors, 9, 95, 105, 107, xii, 1x2, 15, 
75, 76, 281, 33, 239, 224, 34, ^70, 434, 435, 37, "5*, 41, 162; letters to viceroy, 
3, 2x8, 34, 256-272 (June 6, 1573), 452; his report on Phil. Is. (X594), 9, 95-"9, 
328; signature, 34, 272. 

Ortega, Francisco de (govt, sec'y?) : attestations by, 36, 74, 169, 303. 

Ortega, Jer6nimo de, S.J.: controversy over his admin, of estates, 39, 162-166, 259, 
260^ 263; various mention, 37, 35, 36, 38, 84, 39, 133; life and death, 38, 84, 39, 
272. 

Ortega, Joaquin (ale-may. of Tayabas) : involved in Apolinario sedition, and slain 
by natives, 5^. 93. 94, lox. 

Ortega, Jos^ (factor of Compafiia de Filipinas) : exiled to Spain, 51, 47. 

Ortega, Josepha: founds obra pla, 47, 217. 

Ortega, Capt Pedro de (alc-in-ord.) : various mention, 13, 282, 3i, 270. 

Ortega, Pedro de (alguazil-mayor) : slain by Chin, insurgents, 43, 249. 



66o THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Ortiz 

Ortiz, Diego, O.P.: arriTet at Manila, 43, aS. 

Ortiz, Ettado (Euitaquio), O^^: official pofti io hit ord^ and life, 24, 64, 6s» 67, 

73, 90, xoo, 157; writing!, 6^ 
Ortiz, Ettevan, O.S.P.: mitt'y labon, 6, 119, 130^ 133, 41, 94, 163. 
Ortiz, Frandtoo (citizen of Manila) : riaiti Dom. convent at Lima, 45, 209, axa 
Ortiz, Gregorio^ O.P.: arriyct in Manila, 37, 115. 
Ortiz, Lucai, O.8.A.: iketch, 37, 2x4, 2x5. 

Ortiz, Luis (Span, ship-capt.) : varioua mention, 10, 230^ 15, xSa, 183. 
Ortiz, Luis (alfirez) : varioui mention, 15, zox, x8S. 
Ortiz, Tomit, O.S.A.: life and labon, 4a, 298, 43, X03, 46, 389. 
Ortiz, Thomib, O.StJ.of G.; grant to hoapitalcn, 47, aox. 
Ortiz dc Agurto, Sancho (Span, officer) : varioui mention, 4, 32-34; ilain by Chin., 

6, X03. 
Ortiz de Chagoya, Domingo (accountant) : official pott, 47, 34. 
Ortiz dc Covarrubiat, Miguel (ecc.) : dean of Manila cathedral, 39, 153, 173, 36a; 

official actt, 4 J, x6^ aoo^ aao; involved in Pardo cootroveray, b punished severely, 

^5, 187, 39, X4a, a79, a97, Sa>» 4*, mi, 333, 333, 380, 385, 387; death, 39. a?*. 
Ortiz dc Onie, Diego (Span, official) : instructions to, J, 37. 
Ortiz dc Otalora, Antonio: countersigns decree, 45, x86. 
Ordz de Padilla, Luis (Aud. official) : opinion by, xx, 3x4. 
Ortiz dc Rota (Roda), Capt Yfiigo: discovers N. Guinea (X545), 3, 137. 
Ortiz de Rueda, Pero: accompanies Villalobos, a, 6a 
Ortiz de Sossa, Juan: a witness, J5, 366. 

Ortiz de Valdes, Diego: Madrid agent for Bolivar, 39, 330, 336, 338. 
Ortiz de Vargas, Diego: an auditor of accts., 27, 249 (sal.). 
Ortiz: 48, X3a. See Sana Ortiz. 
Ortubia, Fernando, O.P. : arrives in Manila, 43, 33. 
Ortufio dc Ofiate, Juan: falls sick, 4, 38x. 

Osalca (Ojaca, Usaca, city in Japan) : Chris, in, 14, 230, 24, 341, 31, 384. 
Oseguera, Ana dc (wife of Figueroa) : I5» 94. x6, 373, 45, xx3, XX3. 
Oseguera, Diego, O.S.A.: slcetch, 34, 8x. 
Oseguera, Juan de, O.S.A.: miss'y to Mexico, 34, 433. 
Oseguera, Capt. Pedro de: encom., 8, 127; governs J0I6, X5, 130; other mention, 4, 

336, 241, 363, 272. See Brizeno de Oseguera. 
Osejo y Vazquez, Antonio de (notary-public) : defies Bustamante, 44, X55. 
Osio (Ossio) y Ocampo, Doctor Manuel dc: various mention, 44, X56, x6x, 50, X38. 
Osma, Burgo de, O.P.: barbarians kill, 3I» I99- 
Osol (native of Mindanao) : conversion, IJ, 3x7. 
Osorio, — (constable) : suit brought against, 4, 32. 
Osorio (Ossorio). See Bedoya; Sierra; and Zapata. 
Osorio (Ossorio), Alonso (Span, officer) : his encom., 8, xx6, X3X, 34, 307; a witness, 

4, 219. 
Osorio, Antonio (gov. of Phil.) : sketch, 1 7, 308. 
Osorio, Francisco, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, X47. 
Osorio dc Escobar y Llamas, Diego (bp. of Mexico) : becomes viceroy of N. Espana, 

37, 225 (see note on viceroys, under N. Espafia). 
Osorio de Moya, Caspar: various mention, 6, 230, 47, 34. 
Ossorio, Augustin: his encom., 8, 136. 
Ossorio, F.: corrupt practices by, 52, 76. 
Ossorio, Miguel, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 31. 



Pablo] INDEX 66 1 

Ottorio de Soto, Capt Lope: a witncti» J7, 34. 

OudujT, Eulogio de: introd. rice-hulling machines, 5 J, 317. 

Otal (wealthy Manila family) : help to pay ransom of city, 49, 345. 

Otalora, Diego de, O.S.P.: official in his ord., ao, xi8. 

Otalora. See Ortix de Otalora. 

Otazo, Diego de, S.J.: letters by, rdg. the Bustamante tragedy (17x9), 44, 148, x8x, 

313. 
Otazo (Ota^), Francisco de, SJ.: life and labors, is, %$2, 397, 44, 54, 6x; letter 

(1620), 19, 35-49, 300; letters cited, 13, 62-64, >o3, 104, XX3-XX5. 

Otero Vermudez, Gen. Domingo Antonio de: founds obra pia^ 47, axa; accused of 
appropriating public funds^ 48, 137. 

Otin y Duazo, Francisco (magistrate) : commissioned to draw up ordinances, 50, 
a63, 51, 69. 

Otis, Maj.-Gen. £. S. (Amer. officer) : action rdg. S. Jos^ college, 45, 136, 139 

Ot6n (Octon, Octong, Ogt6n, Ogtoog, Otong, Otton, pror. or dist in Panay) : Span, 
in, 7, 4a, 19, aa7; an encom., 8, 133, 14, a46, J3, 80, 34t 3«4; fertility, 38, ax6; 
supplies rice and other provisions, 8, 389, 16, 383, J4, 8x, 29, X5X, 47, xa6; 
pop.. 8, X33, j8, X50, 36, a64, 46, 3*4; gov- by ale-may., 9, x8x, li, 9a, 370, 
18, X03; saleable offices in, 7, 85, 86; raids against by Dutch and other enemies, 
II, 393, a97, 34, 8x; insurrections, 38, aa3-aa6, 50, axa; various mention, 4, 
151 (Mahometanism in), 7, 85, 86 (offices sold), IJ, x6a, X63, 13, asa (Chin, in), 
15, xoo, 3 J, XX 8, 39, a66 (jurisd.), 39, a65 (languages), a68, 42, 306. Aug. 
miss, in, 33, xaa, X85, aa5, aa6, 34, 67, 80, 84, XX4, X40, 35, X58, X59, 38, 166, 
39, 39, a66, 38, ax6, 47, 148; !«•• labors in, 17, aox, 33, a95, 38, X7X, 37, a?*, 

47, X48, 50, a93; sec priests in, 47, X47; conversion of inhab., 39, a68-a7x. 
Ot6n (Oct6ng, Otdng, town in Panay): pop. (X893), 33, a94; base of supply and 

starting-point for Span, exped., 9, aSx, 10, 4a, 14, 58, 60, 174, X76, 19, 68, 30, 

48, xxo, 33, a94, 33, a95, 37, 58, 38, 59, 4*, X34; fort and garrison, 15, 319, 30, 
XXX, 39, 304; attacks by enemies, 18, 49, 33, a94 (burned), a95, 34, 36, 86, 87 
(burned), xoa; various mention, 4, 75 (shipyard), 5, 69, 8, X7X, 16, XX4, 306, 
18, 43, 33, a94 (pop. and importance), 34, 8a, 84, X04, XX4, 38, 50, 39, 35, 37, 

50, a7x. Aug. in, 3, 3<», 17, 199, «3, ax8, a94, ^4, 74, 97- 
Ouchiou (city in China) : on road to Peking, 3, aa7. 

Ourry, Capt. George (Brit officer) : in siege of Manila, 49, 48, 56, 69, 73, 86. 
Ourry, Capt Isaac (Brit officer) : commands ship, 49, 55. 
Outardo Soltan Lixar (king of Borneo) : 4, X5a-X55. See Li jar, Soltan. 
Owari (Japan) : prov., 9, a6; city, 53, 33a. 
Ozu (prov. in Japan) : Chris, miss, in, 33, 3x4, 34, a4X. 
Oyanguren, Jos^ (Span, official) : conquers Moros of Davao, 43, X94-X97, aoa, ao4, 

ao6; attempts ascent of Mt Apo, as 3; sketch, X94. 
Oyaye: name for Silang (9.V.), 39, i44* 

Oyrraya (apparently an error for La Yrraya) : 30, 376. See Irraya. 
Oyten (a Chin.) : marvelous tales rdg. Phil, related by, I3, 83. 
Ozaeta y Oro, Juan de (oidor) : journeys to and from Manila, 43, a7x, a7a, 304; 

official acts, 40, a4, 4a, 3©^, 44. i»5, 48, 31, 5©, X5X. 
Ozaraza (O^araga), Miguel de, O.P.: life and martyrdom, 33, aSs, a86, a9i, 35, a7. 

Paacbrucue, Robert: Dutch gov. of Siao, 43, xas. 
Pablo: baptismal name of Sayor (gjv.), 13, a59. 
Pablo: converted chief, 30, X94. See Cabanday. 



662 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS fPablo 

Pablo: Jap. convert, $, zoa, 31, 279, 3 J, 7a. 

Pablo, Father (Paul Siu or Sin, Chin, convert) : aidi misi't, J9, 4S. 

Pablo, Capt. Juan (Juan Pablo de Carrion?) : hit encom^ 8, 137; hb goods exported, 

ass- 
Pablot (of Port) : Dutch desire vengeance on, 16, 30s. 

Pabon, Joti Antonio (oidor) : arrives at Manila, 4 J, 30; deprived of office, 44, 14S; 

restored to office, 150, 155, 159; founds obra pia^ 45, 256; inspects Aug. miss., 48, 

77. 
Pabon, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 69; sketch, 138. 
Pacadua, Francisco de (insurgent official): attacked by crocodile, 38, 178, 179; 

hanged, 210. 
Pacadua, Juan de (chief) : takes part in insurrection, 38, aoo. 
Paccino, Antonio, O.S.A. (gen.) : issue letters, 4 J, 239. 
Pachan (vill. in Formosa) : Port settlement at, J3, 14a. 
Pacheco^ Antonio (Span, official) : trades in China, 49, 144. 
Pacheco^ Bartolome (ale-may. of Bulacan) : his services, 7, 133. 
Pacheco (Pacheto), Bernardino, O^^: acts as witness, j8, 3a 
Pacheco, Francisco: acts as witness, 4, 174. 
Pacheco, Francisco de Cardenas. See Cardenas Pacheco. 
Pacheco, Geronimo (Malayan interpreter): sent to Mindanao, a, 116; confers with 

Cebuans, 2x3. 
Pacheco, N.: commands Manila gall., ^^^ xx8. 

Pacheco, Pedro (interpreter) : with Legaxpi, J3, 130, 137, 144, 152. 
Pacheco Amado, Juan: signs letter, 5, 207. 
Pacheco Maldonado, Capt Juan (Joan, Span, official) : crimes charged to, 3, axo; 

answers Rada, 271 ; regidor of Manila, 5, 83; petitions gov., 7, 304; in N. Espana, 

9» 253; ordered back to Phil., 253; gives alms to Jes., XJ, 197; opposes Acuna, 

14, XI ; Acufia complains of, X2; his exploration ezped., 304; sends gold samples 
to Ronquillo, 306; biased toward Lavezaris, 34, 22, 263; his cncom., 7, xx6, xx7, 
8, xx5, 1x6, 34, 309; signs various doc, J, x8x, 5, 207, 6, 230, 8, 179; letters, 
3, 25, 295-303, 3x5; deposition by, 7, X34; edits relation, 14, X4. 

Pacheco y Osorio, Rodrigo de (Marqu^ de Ccrralvo, Ccrralbo, Qerralbo, viceroy of 
N. Espana, X624-35): succeeds Gelves, J3, 45; vindicates him, JO, X28; apptmts. 
by* >3» 79i '6, X48, X58, J7, 36; exiles criminal, 26, 69; sends to Manila for 
artillery, 27, 80; his residencia, J4, 2x2, 36, 288; resigns office, 39, 72; letters, 
etc, to, 35, 381 39, 40. 30, 69, 70; letter by, 37, 247; sketch, 33, 45. 

Pacheco de Tholedo, Gen. Andres (Span, officer) : has suit brought against pilot, 
36, X08-XX3. 

Pacho, Capt Juan (Joan, Span, official): at Cauit, 9, 28x; ordered to cut rice, 10, 
58; assault! native fort, 59; Ternatans defy, 10, 60; collects trib. in Mindanao, 
64, 65 ; negotiates marriage, 67; goes to J0I6, 224, 225, 11, X37; commands Caldera, 

15, 132; slain in J0I6, 10, 225, 11, 137, 15, X32, X90. 
Pac Kin: I3, X04. See Pekia 

Paco (vill. near Manila) : formerly called Candelaria, 16, X44; girls' coll. and refuge 

in, 45, 309, 310- 
Paco: 51, X73. See San Fernando de Dilao. 
Pacorago (dist. in Luz6n) : gold produced in, 3, 223. 

proposedPadilla, Licen. — : reporter in new Aud., 10, 257; for fiscal, 258. 
Padilla, Fray Garcia de (head of ord. of Calatrava, and member of roy. coun.. Span. 

delegate) : negotiates treaty, i, 159, 222-224; signs letter, 3, x82. 



Pagans] INDEX 663 

Padilla, Francisco (Span, officer) : leads exped. (1710), 53, zi, 347. 

Padilla, Juan de (sec'y to Manrique de Lara) : accompanies him on exped., 38* i45* 

Padilla y Escalante, Gen. Gregorio (Span, officer) : erects fort at Zamboanga, 47, 

1 17; buried in hosp. church, 290. 
Padre Capitan (vill. in Mindanao) : origin of name, J9, 275 ; locatioo, 38i 61. 
Padre Capitan: appellation for Agustin de S. Pedro (q^v.), 38, 13, 130, 131. 
Padua (or Llave), Antonio de, O.S.F.: writes description of Phil., 40, 332; sketch, 

Paet (vill. in Sdmar) : Jes. labor in, 13, 11 a, z 60. 

Paete (Paite, vill. in Luz6n) : status, 14, 244; miss'y labors in, J8, 146, z68, 35, 312, 
314, 3x7, 36, 217, 40, 33a. 

Paez, Timoteo: member of Liga Filipina, 53, 226. 

Paez Guerrero, Dr. Hernando (Fernando), O.S.A. (bp. of N. Segovia, 1628-35, and 
abp. of Manila, 2635-41): arrives at Manila (26x7), J4, 36, 91 (1628), 36, 147; 
various apptmts., 78, X09, 224, 225, 256, ^3, X05, 198; encourages sold^ J4, 36; 
presides at chapter (1623), 24, 126; procurator to Spain, 130; escorts miss's, 131, 
X47; claims abprc, 256, 257, 29, 259, 260^ 51, 302; his conflict with city cab., 34, 
256, 257; presents bulls and decrees, 37, 2x; Arce ordains as bp., 39, 260; his 
confirmation as abp. delayed, 35, 197; controversies engaged in by (both with 
civil and ecc. authorities), 35, 9, x6-x8, X5X-296, 36, xo, xx, 31-78, 88-X03, xo8, 
116-136, 37, 21-35, ^^1 9» 33-^ 35i 42; interdicts, excommunications, etc^ em- 
ployed (and raised) by, 35, 167, X69, X76, x82, 203, 206, 282, 283, 287, 36, 24, 37, 
43. 50, «8, 23 ; id, employed against, 35, X70, 250, 251, 258, 269, 277, 36, 39, 40, 
94* 97; absolved, 35, 269; consults with rel. orders, X67, 169, 206, 207, 2x0, 2x4- 
216, 219, 239, 281, 282; friars uphold, influence, and control, 270^ 293, 303, 36, 
43, 60^ 63, 88, 89, 99, 37, 31; friendly to Jes., 37, 17, 307; nuns friendly to, 36, 
9, 23, 24; sustains Fran., 35. 321; sustains eoc immunity, 36, 36; approves 
Aduarte*s hist., 30, 1x5; holds host, 35, 283, 284, 286-288; his arrest and exile, 
35. 179. i8x, 185, 193, X94, 28X, 284-288, 306, 3x3, 36, 24-26, 42-49, 37, 
29, 30, 39, 184, 264, 265, 35» 3«, 37i 162, X90, X93, 29X, 3S, 18, 39i 261, 43, X91, 
259; fine imposed on, 25, 306, 3x3, 37, 24; petitions restoration, 25, 294, 295; re<in- 
ters Manila, 19X ; inspects bakery, 34, 295, 296; visitation by, 35, 175, 178, 199, 306, 
26, 42; escapes capture by Mor., 35, 17, X99; apptmts. by, 306, 36, 48; needs 
ass't, X2X, X22, X26, 39, X05; pay checks transferred to, 36, X87, x88; witnesses 
drama, 37, 340; purchases houses, 35, x66; illness and death, 35, 200, 37, X2, 
150-X52; sketch, 34, 36, 37, X52-X55, 51, 303; characterized, 37, 21, 25-27, 32, 
32, 51, 303; letters, repts., and decrees by, 3i, 164-169, 33, 162, 34, 23, 295, 296, 
339, 25, 169, 172, 173, 2x3, 214, 216-218, 220, 22X, 223, 224, 228-230, 233, 234, 
236, 239, 252, 253, 264, 275, 280, 281, 283, 284, 305-321, 36, X04, 37, 23, 344, 345; 
decree against, 28, 34. 

Paez de Sotomayor, Joan de (roy. notary) : official acts, 10, 292, 11, 148, 149, X85, x86. 

Pagali (heathen priest in Leyte) : incites rebellion, 38, 92. 

Pagalugan (chief of Basilan) : pays trib. to Span., 4, 299. 

Pagamon (Pagaman, vill. and encom.) : Span, reduce, 9, 84; status, 8, xix. 

Pagans (heathens) and paganism: Mahometan term for, 3, 93; term defined, 300; 
sources for study of, 52, 161, 162; in various localities and among various nations, 
I, 38, 3. i8x, 6, 159, 9, 29, X09, X64, 304, 3iS-3»7, lo, 17, 37, 226, 17, X37, 31, 
122, 34. 46, 287, 28, xox, 278, 279, 39. 28x. 30, XX5, X35, X84, 33, 131, ^47, ^63, 
350, 34, 73, 105, 107, X2I, X39, x68, 35, 94, 36, X96. 197, 37, 240, 242, 243, 40, 
130. 41, a3«. a39, 246, 3»3. 43, X54, 156, 174, 43, 12, 67, X73, X93, 268, 274, 



664 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [PagaOS 

Pagans and Paoaniim (ooodmicd) — 

44, 29, 44, 62, 50, 213; few left in Span. PhiL, 39, aSi; few in Pangatinan, 30^ 
184; tdll lingers in Europe, 48, 105, 107, iio^ lis; ^^^^ setdements, remote, 43, 
65. Their characteristics, 3, 60, 61, 30, 314, 31, 2S2, 3s, 238, 48, 104-111; 
polygamy among, 43, 298; head hunters, 48, 85, 91, 129; endurance of dieir 
ceremonies, i, 37; without rel. law, 3, 60; cast lots, 60^ 61; their worship, 165, 
7, z86, 18, 19; sacrifices by, IS, 270; dieir temples, 17, 265; believe in inunor- 
tality, 48, 62; superstitions of, 104-izi; pray for rain, 126. Span, permitted to 
trade with, 8, 190, 191; their trade, 50, 156; PiL trade with, 248, 249; repuation 
of Dutch among, 33, 299; complain of Mor., 43, 203; pay trib. €0 them, 203, 204; 
pay id, to Span., 50, 2x5; harass and persecute Chris., 6, x86, 33, 3x3 ; tempt them, 
34, 206; admire Chris, martjrrs, 34, 239; scandalized at dril-eoc conflicts, 35, 
x8o; disposed toward Christianity, 38, 96; need and request miss's, 33, 146, 30, 
321, 31, 260; hostile to rel., 14, 2x9, 30, X25; reason why not reduced, 50, X56; 
impossible to reduce, 2x4; reduction facilitated, 51, 69; FiL see errors of, X, 45; 
miss, among, 34, 274, 38, X57, x6o^ x68, 3 it ^i ToyMttry of communion difficult 
to teach to, 31, 29; accompany miss'y, 43, X3, 73, 74; vicars must try to reduce 
vill. of, 59; hosp. for, 30, 238; conversions and baptisms, 15, 38, 31, X3X, x66, 
X69, 275-a79. a^i 15, i8t xoo, X25, X77, 184, 34, 2x, 22, 239, 268, 35, 106, 38, 
93, 3XX, 39, 96, 4i» M, X28, X32, 223, 224, 43i 80^ 44, i4f 102-104; cooversioo 
costly, 30, X7x; compelled to accept Chris, by force, 34, 334; many still uncon- 
verted, 36, 266; easier to convert than Mahometans, 43, X74, 44, 66; converts 
exempt from trib., 43, 60; reasons for so few converts among, SO, X30; ill-treated 
in miss., 156; converts revert to, 6, 287, 38, 334; id, forced to retract, 30, 298. 
See also Fil.; and the various pag^n peoples. 

Pagbuaya (Boholan chief) : takes refuge in Dapitan, 40, 1x4, 44, 6x; becomes ruler 
of Dapitans, 40, 1x3; his slaves, XX5; his subjects, XX5; friendly to Span., xx6. 

Pages: their livery, 33, 5X, 54, 59; act as sold., 6, x8x, 7, X63, 9, 24X, 242; Fil boys 
act as, 10, 78; sold, act as, X22; take part in festivities, 33, 5X, 54, 59. 

Pagliola, Francisco, S.J.: Mor. slay, 38, 97; sketch, 97. 

Pago (Pi^go, vill. in Marianas Is.) : Jes. admin., 38, 152, 172. 

Pagsanjan (Pagsanban, Pagsanghin, Pagsanghin, Pagsanhan, Pansanjan, chief 
vill. of Laguna) : distance from Manila, 49, 244; infirmary in, 47, 277; FiL out- 
rages in, 49, ^43, a44. »9^; Fran, in, 38, X46, x68, 46, $2. 

Paguiin (ruler of J0I6) : faithful to Span., 41, 322. 

Pagulayan (chief in N. Segovia) : converted, 31, 265, 266, 27X; aids Span., 268, 269; 
death, 272. 

Paguyi^n, Cachile (Moro chief) : refuses to make peace with Span., 41, X09. 

Pahang (Pahan, prov. on Malay Peninsula): location, 4, X31; its trade, X3X. 

Pahuntungan (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec admin., 38, 152. 

Paints and varnishes: paint - obtained from sap of tree, 40, X35; Patagonians daub 
faces with, i, 3x4; images painted, 3i, 223. Varnish -made from resin, 43, 
269; used on teeth, I3, X87; used on wood, 246; used on mats, 33, 282. 

Paintings and pictures: paintings - photographic reproductions from, X, frontispiece, 
II, 3, frontisp., lO, 163, 3, fronUsp., 35; as presents, 6, 203, 9, 207; used in church 
worship and decoration, and in rel. instruction, 33, 283, 38, 202, 30, x2o^ 230, 
280, 31, 2x0, 25X, 269, 33, XX, 84; Chin, learn painting, 7, 226; schools for teach- 
ingt 45, 282, 283, 46, 362; oil, taught in convent of S. Ignacio, 45, 3x2. Pictures- 
rel., and rfieir use, i, 3x3, 19, 65, 31, 279, 35, "3, 37, "9«, 45, a77; oi Chin, 
mandarins, I3, 85; prints, 44, xxx; oil portraits, 45, 277; of king, used in schools. 



Palapag] INDEX 665 

46, 185; synoptical, used in ichooli, 185; censorship of, 53, 139. See also Ecc: 
accessories to worship; and Images. 

Paiva, Dioguo de: Portuguese official, J, 377. 

Pajang (Pajani, Javanese prov.) : Dutch factory at, 14, 1x4. 

Pakaru-d-Din (Paharadine, Moro sultan): driven from Magindaoao^ 46, 45, 46; 
his marriage and family afiPairs, 47. 

Pakatans (natives of Borneo) : Tag. resemble, 16, 75. 

Pakir Mawlana (called "Fakymolano*' by Forrest, Moro prince) : driven from 
Magindanao, 46, 45, 46; furnishes information to Forrest, 47; his map, 48; his 
MSS, sa, 349- 

Palaces: Escorial, 3, zo8. See also Manila. 

Palacio^ Lorenzo de Rugama y. See Rugama y Palacio. 

Palacio, Miguel de (superintendent of shipyard) : death, 7, 93. 

Palacio y Villa Gomez, Faustina (wife of J. Pacheco Maldonado) : gives alms to 
Jes., IJ, X97. 

Palados (Palacio), Dr. — (official in Mex.) : inspects harbors, 7, 67; constructs 
ships, 67; oidor of Mex., 2x5; dictatorial, 67. 

Palacios, Ana de: her encom., 7, xx6; death, 1x6. 

Palacios, Capt. Antonio de (Span, officer) : destroys Tampacan, 41, 307. 

Palacios, Juan de: indebted to Dominguez, j6, 1x4. 

Palacios, Capt. Lope de (brother of Mex. oidor and ship-capt) : sends testimonial 
to Manila, 7, 73, 74; his rept to Salazar, 2x5. 

Palafox y Mendoza, Juan de (bp. of Puebla de los Angeles) : in Span, diplomatic 
service, 24, 292, 35, xo2, 30, 24; arrives at Mex., J9, 189; commissioned to in- 
vestigate Manila- Acapulco trade, 30, 24-27; instructions to, 8x, 83, 92, 97, loi, 
109 ; visitor of N. Espada, 82, 93, xo2, 44, 228 ; esteems Poblete, 37, x88 ; hostilities 
with rel. orders (especially Jes.), 37, X93, 194, 208, 50, 133, X49, 276, 280, 306; 
enforces epis. visit, 42, 30; excuses vice in Amerinds, 40, 256, 257; sketch, 39, 
X89 ; attempts for his beatification, 50, 270, 280, 281 ; letters and writings, 40, 
256, 257, 49, 340, 341, 50, 276, 280; writings examined, 280. 

Palali (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, in, 14, 297; deserted, 297. 

Palan (vill. in Luz6n) : submits to Span., 14, 291, 295. 

Pilan (convert) : aids Span, sold., 36, 132. 

Palanan (PaUnan, Palinan, Palinan, vill. in N. Segovia) : location, 38, z6o, 288, 
35» 299; status (1649), 282; pythons found near, 299; in N. Segovia see, 38, 158; 
miss, labors in, x6o, 169, 3x0, 41, 14, 94, 97. 

PaUnog (Palano, Palan6, vill. in Masbate) : Rec admin., 38, X54, 195, 41, 2x9. 

Palanaque (Palanac) : 5, 89, 9, 5X. See Paranaque. 

Palao, Jasinto, O.P.: reports rdg. gold mines, 19, 253. 

Palao, Onofre, O.P.: Mandayas kill, 33, 149, 151; sketch, X48. 

Palao Valenciano, Vicente, O.P.: slain, 31, X99. 

Palaos (inhabitants of Palaos Is [^.t^.]): their water craft, 33, 203; their weapons, 

41, $2. 
Palaot, Capt. Francisco (chief) : in Span, service, 16, 5X, 309. 
Palaot, Guillermo (chief) : serves in Span, exped. as officer, 16, 50, 309. 
Palapa (Pallapa, port in Simar) : location, 37, 131; sheltered from winds, 49, 32; 

ships at, 37i ^3h 49i '"i "3, ^09, 312, 3x3; chart, cited, 52, 354. 
Palapag (Palapac, Palipac, Palapi^g, PaUpag, vill. in Simar) : pop., 17, 206, 38, 

92; famine in, 17, 12, 74; Camucones pillage, 37, 3x4, 39, 99; revolts in, 38, 92, 

36, X27, 37i xSo^ 31^ 3S> XOX-X28, 41, X09, 298; Dutch near, 37, x6i; Acapulco 



666 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Palapag 

Palapag (oontinued) — 

gall, at, 162, 375, 43, Z19, 176; gall, unable to make, 230; miai. labort in, 17, 

"1 74» 75i «8, 9a, 151, 17a, 3a6, J9, 171, 36, 5^ 38, ii6, 39i XS*. 
Palar (native woman): oonYerted, 3^t >oi, aoa; death, aoa. 
Palasigui, Juan (insurgent) : hanged, 38, aia 
Palatnia (encom.) : assigned to Isla, 34, 309. 
Palauig (Palavig, vill. in Luz6n) : ita later name, 43, 66; location, 66; itatua, a8, 

305; hist, of miss, at, 43* i3, 66-68; Rec in, J8, 305.- 
Palavicino, Juan Andres, S.J.: his labors, 36, 58, 39, 133. 
Pale: 5, 85. See Apali. 
Palencia, Capt Diego (Span, official): apptmts., 37, 31, 41; aids in arrest of Sal- 

cedo, 59, 263; S. imprisoned in his house, 365; commands trading yeaael, 235. 
Palencia, Joseph de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 
Palenzuela y Zurbarin (Zurbaran), Tomis (Tomas) de (notary): confidant of, 

and aids, Bonifaz, 37, 33, 44, 50^ 60; orders given to, 33; official acts, 45, 369; 

characterized, 33, 44, 60. 
Palgrave, William Gi£Pord: hb career, i, 74; value of his opinion, 74; opinion of 

Phil., 74, 75. 
Palia (Guimbano chief): friend of Linao, 41, 317. 
Paliacate (Malabar coast) : Dutch factory in, 18, 163. 
Palilamot (vill. in Luz6n) : hostile to Span., 14, 388. 
Palilla (vill. in Luz6n) : Fran, in, 35, 317. 
Paliola, Francisco, S.J.: martyred, 44, 90. 
Palliacate (Palicat, port) : Dutch ship at, 17, 354. 

Palma, Capt. Alonso de (Span, officer) : in Mindanao campaign, 16, 374. 
Palma, Gonzalo de la, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 148, 37, 333, 38, 187, 289, 193, 

Z96-I98, 3X3. 

Palma, Juan de: acts as witness, 36, 2x5. 

Palma, Juan de, O.S.F.: Dutch kill, 35, 393, 294; sketch, 393, 294. 

Palmares, Adj. Francisco (Span, officer) : repulses Dutch, 35, 269. 

Palmio'. defined, 45, 80. 

Palmerin, — , S.J. (visitor of Chin, prov.) : accompanies ezped., 33, 307. 

Paloc (Palo, Pi^lo, vill. in Leyte) : locatfon, I3, 287; called S. Salvador, 13, 100; 
described, 58; pop., I3, 387, I3t X64, 17, 303; inhab. flee, I3, 387; Caragas raid, 
40, X03; Jes. in, 13, 33, 282, 286, 287, 13, X2, 14, X5, 18, 58-60, 98-xox, 164, 17, 
203, 38, 9X, xsi, 172, 36, 55. 

Paloma (daughter of chief): held as hostage, 44, 69. 

Palomares Castro, Juan de: arrives at Manila, 37, 229. 

Palomino, Bias de, O.S.F.: martyred, 35, 293, 307; sketch, 293. 

Palomino, Pedro (capt. and sarg.-may.) : his mil. commands and duties, 37, 271, 375, 
39, 255; sent on embassy to Moncay, 37, 292, 295, 296, 334, 356, 39, X3x; ordered 
to attack M., 37, 293 ; gov. of Formosa, 39, 23 ; his successor to that post, 196. 

Palompong (Palomp6ng, Palonpon, vill. in Le3rte) : location, 49, 32 ; inhab. defend 
against Mor., 48, X4, 37-47; Jes. admin., 38, 151, 172. 

Pales: settlement in Leyte, 5, 51. 

Paltsits, Victor Hugo (librarian): thanked, I, 16, 53t 54- 

Palu (PalCi), Francois (Francisco) de (titular bp. of Heliopolis and vicar-apostolic 
of China, French): sent as miss, envoy to Orient, 43, 136; quarrels with PorL 
ecc., 136, 2x1, 2x2; complaints of, to Aud., 39, 2x5; detained in Manila, 43, 14, 
136, X37; his report, X39, X40; at Rome, X40; in China, ax x -2x3. 



Pampanga] INDEX 667 

PalucUnus (jurist) : cited, 8, axa. 

Pamaan (vill. in Luz6n) : location, j8, 170; Jes. in, 270. 

Pambela (Fil. chief): defies Span^ 44, 2x5, zi6. 

Pamboan (Pambohan; or Bayugo, vilL io Luz6q) : pop. (i6ta), 17, 303, ao6; revolt 
in, 38, 2x7; trib. in, assigned to S. Jos^ coll., 45, 1x9; Jes. in, 17, ao3, ao6. 

Paminguitan (vill. in Bohol) : status (2878), a8, 333; Rec in, 333. 

Pamma, Agustina (native convert) : captured by insurgents, 3 J, 229. 

Pamoans: bracelets made from, 40, 235. 

Pampanga (Pampinga, Panpagan, Panpanga, pror. in Luz6o) — 

In general: location, 7, 35, 36, 14, 3*4. ^3, aiS, ^8» 2%7, 302, 3x2, 36, 294, 37. 
269; described, 7, 35. 3^, 14, I57. 16, xo8, 18, 96, 19, 279, 34. 377-3«i. 36, 97. 
293; swampy, 33, 344; surrounded by mts., 24;6; mts. in, 37, 244, 47, 394; many 
riv. and bayous in, 38, 252; route to Manila, 5, 207; cut o£P from communication 
in wet season, 47, 392 ; size, 7, 36; rich and fertile, 4, 82, J3, 324, 37, 399; health- 
ful, 4t 8z; epidemic in, 4 J, 368; vill. near, 14, 393; dist. in, 30, 234; highway 
built in, 51, 56. Chiefs, 7, 203, 203, 38, 253-158; lawsuits in, 7, 203; relations 
with Chin., 39, 237, 333, 49, 248, 50, 57, 300; Pangasinans flee to, 49, 305, 306. 
Dutch make incursions in, 35, 363-369; Brit plan to attack, 49, 393; Brit attempt 
to enter by sea, 393. See also Fil.: Pampango. 

Population: i, 40^ 5. 204, 7, 35. 36. 8, 204, 9, 103, J3. 244. «7. 82. ^«. X3X. 36, 
293, 48, 80 (Chris.), 47, 228; tribes in, 4, 80, 48, 68; decrease of pop., J3, 344; 
increase, 51, 78; Chin, mestizos in, 40, 302; mountaineers in, 43, 354, 355; inhab. 
peaceful, 35, 248; mil. drafts impoverish, 39, 55, 56; vill. in, 14. 3x0^ ^3. 324, 
345 ; slaves and slavery in, xo, 30, 303 ; dialect in, i, 79, J4, 30, 77. 

Its products, #/r. - important food center, and various kinds of food, 4, 22, 80, 
5, 23, 3X3, xo, 308, 309, X8, 96, 362, J3. 344, 39, 56, 34. 408, 47. 258, 359, 48. 
303, 5X, 236; cotton sold in, 8, 84; no cotton raised in, 84; not adapted for it, 
94; beds tree conunon in, x6, 87; d3re-stuffs, 48, 378; tobacco, 50, 53, 5X, 228; 
agric. area, 34, 408; cultivation ordered, 49, 366; cost of farming in, 5X, 233; 
farmers, 18, 332; mines in, 36, 302, 5X, 243; native industries decline, 8, 91, x6, 

• X08; brandy mfrd. in, 5X, 384; money in, 49, 365; land and its transfer, 53, 304. 
Religion and ecclesiastical matters - CYnn, teach doctrines in, 43, 354, 355; in 
Manila see, 38, 260, 287; vicariates in, 268; miss, labors, etc., in, i, 40, 7, 36, 8, 
X04, 9, 103, 10, x8x, 273, X7, X93, 294, 30, 227, 33, 292, 243, 289, 390, 34, 39. 
55, 5^1 65, 67, 74, 76, 77, 88, 93, 202, 232, 266, 38, 232, 140, 265, 273, 300, 323, 
313, 345-347, ^9, 276, 31. 176, 3^, 235, 35, 268, 36, 210, 212, 37, X65, 208, 209, 
230, 38, 98, 141, 41, 137, 4a, X45, 263, 254, 299. 47, 144, »47, «48, 50, 31, 155; 
rel. aid in pacification, 38, 212; freedom of worship decreed in, 49, 144; schools 
in, 46, 100, 109. 

Other relations wth Sfan.^ subdued, 3, 239, 34. 408, 36, 207; appropriated 
to crown, 4, 11, 81 ; encom. in, 4, 80, 82, 8, X0X-XQ4, 14, 245, 323, 19, X49; trib. in, 
8, X04, 18, 261; assessment made in, 37, 293; half-annat, paid in, 50, X04; ex- 
emptions in, 50, 230; well gov., 8, X04; Span, officials in, 7, 36, 8, 78, 10, 43, 14, 
252, 17, 97, 33, 246, 35, X49, 35, x8, 263-265, 268, 38, 153, 43, 34; needs corregi- 
dor, 7, 36; offices saleable in, 85, 1x4; elections in, X7, 327, 50, 208, 254, 255; offi- 
cial visitation, 43, 306, 46, 58; Viana retires to, 49, 252; mil. officers go to, 260; 
Anda retires to, 291 ; Basco visits, 53, 292, 297 ; Span, in, and laws gov., 50, 209, 
2x0; Phil, treas. removed to, 49, 137, 143, 231; trade license comprehends, 50, 
212. Fort ordered built in, 7, 14, 9, 243; native mil. posts in, I3, x6o; aid Span. 
as sold., 245, 35, 269, 50, 65; loyal to Span., 49, 262; revolt, xo, 170, 11, 229, 



668 THE PHIUPPINE ISLANDS [Pampanga 

Pampang a (ooDtinued) — 

37, aia, 3x9, 254, 293, 3«, n, 94, 97. 9«» «39, Hh X48-159, i«i. i<$. »«^ x**, 
3X1, 41, xo, 57-59* Tuy ezped. in, 14, 383, 309; ihipt aground ixi, 16, aS. 

Pamplona, Francisco de, O.S.P.: aids in arreic of Salcedo, 37, z6%. 

Pamplona, Geronimo, O.S.F.: aids in arrest of Salcedo, 37, 5S, 59. 

Pamplona, Capt Nicolas de: 37, 35. See Mufiox de Pamploiia. 

Pan: Chin, appellation for Visayas Is^ 8, 91. 

Pan (kingdom): Span. gall, in, 33, X9X, 193; king, 19a, 33, 9a 

Pan, Joi^ Felipe del. See Del-Pan. 

Panadero, Artiaga (resident of Mex.) : suit against, 6, 74. 

Panama (city and pror. of Cent Amcr.): location, 4, 3x4; good depot for spices, 
314; intercourse betw. PhiL and, 5, xx, 30^ 31; ship from, at Macao, 7, 130; way- 
station, 6, 307, 19, x6, X04, 105, 193, 30, 53, 74, 48, 3x4; port of entry, 48, 333, 
334; Aud., 9, 43, 53, X5; destroyed by fire, 48, 335; incorporated with N. Granada, 
335; hist., 335; Vivero in, 14, 337; officials in, 17, 135, 33, 30, xoa; Inquis. establ. 
at, 5, 358. 

Panaquy (vill. in Luzdn) : location, 30, 376; inhab. hostile, 376. 

Pan ay (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. admin., 38, 159, x66, X67. 

Panay (vill. in Panay) : Aug. in, 33, X3X, X85, 34, 74, 93, 38, X5«, 38, 150^ 37, '5^ 
x66, X79, 354. 

Panay: misprint for Panaon (g.v. under Phil.), 53, 337. 

Panbohen (vill.) : Prado writes from, 33, 399. 

Pancado, Leon (pilot on "Victoria") : his deposition, X, 370. 

Pancian (vill. in Luz6q) : location, 38, 388. 

Pandacan (Pandaca, Pandi^can, vill. and encom. near Manila): pop., 5, 87; trib. 
in, 8, xoo; Fran, in, 38, 146, x68. 

Pandan (encom.) : assigned to La Haya, 34, 305. 

Pandapira (Pampango native) : mfres. artillery, 6, 399, 15, 63. 

Pandayan (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, subdue, 37, 348. 

Pandilla: meaning, 48, 343. 

Panditas: 48, 47, X49, x6o, i6€. See Mor. 

Pando, Pedro Mena. See Mena Pando. 

Pandolfi, Ubaldus, O.S.F.: thanked, i, X5. 

Panelo, Juan Antonio (Span, officer) : opposes insurgents, 49, 303. 

Pan^s (Panos), Juan, O.S.A.: sketch, 37, 363. 

Panga, Don Martin (Tag. chief, gov. of Tondo, and cousin of A. de Legazpi) : ap- 
peals to bp. for protection, 5, X89-X9X; conspires against Span., 7, 96, 100-X03; 
charged with adulteiy, xoo; Taes confers with, xox, xoa; offers to act as envoy, 
102; exiled, xoo; executed, X04, X05, 13, 375. 

Panganiban, Juan (Fil. chief) : reenforces Span., 49, 1x9. 

Pangasinan (Pangasin, Pangasinin, Pangasinin, Pangassina, Pangassinan, Pan- 
gazam, prov. in Luz6n) — 

In general: location, 7, 35, 36, 370, 14, 30X, 303, 324, 19, 380, 33, 334, 377, 38, 
288, 302, 36, 194, 37, 169, 47, 29X; has little conununication with Ituy, 33, X97; 
communication with Zambales impossible in wet season, 47, 391; described, x8, 
97-99, 19, sSo^ 3^, 9S, 193; compared with Cagayan, 31, 35; climate unhealth- 
ful, 30, 2x0; epidemic in, 43, 270; riv. in, 14, 303; ports, 16, X09; plains and 
mts., 41, X26, 258, 50, x8o; earthquake, 38, 43; roads, X47, 152, 43, 369; famine 
in, 33, 40; rice production in, 34, 3^2, 38, 53, 39, X37; mines sought in, x6, xoa; 



Pano] INDEX 669 

mines and mining in, 19, 251, JO, 257, 34, 2S4, 36, aoi, 3«, 4«i 4*, 303, 5«i 
SiS; shipbldg. in, 29, 157. 

PopuUtion, I, 40, 5, los, I07» 7, 36, 37» «t 105, 14, 245, 18, 99, J7, 8a. 47. 
zz8, 48, 80 (Chris.) ; pop. dense, 36, 98, 41, 24, 241; decreases, 50, 24; families 
transferred from, to Zambales, 41, 24, 241; tribes in, ao, 270^ 48, 68; people liv- 
ing near, ao, 254; settlements and vilL, 3^, 208, 38, 168; natives warlike, 152; 
their lang., 3s, 2x2, 36, 193, 46, 250^ 28a 

Religion and gceUsiastical matUrSf heathen in, 30, 184, 36, 267. In N. Se- 
govia see, 38, 158, 262, 287, 289; na of curacies in, 289; commissary of Inquis. 
needed in, 36, 105 ; id, in, s8, ixi ; alc.-may. ezconmiunicated, 43, 264, 265 ; miss, 
labors, etc., in, i, 40, 7, 37, 274, 8, 105, 9, xoi, 103, 13, 300, 17, 89, a". 19. a8o» 
ao, 230, 263, aa, 86, J3, 16, 233, 258, 291, ^14, 4*. ««, 158, 159, 167, 173, «74. 30, 
15, 120, 122, 124, xa5, «35» «36, 180-182, 189, 202, 211-215, 236, 241-246, 252, 253, 
256, 28s, 3a» i9f 36» «^ i93i i9^» «97, ^St ao8-2ii, 221, 36, 210, 212, 37, 93, 
94, 117, 118, 138, 230, 38, 180, 190^ 203, 39, laa, 41, aa, as, ^ "7, 232, 43, 13, 
37, 7^, 47, 145, 147-149, 50, 155; no- of schools in, 46, 101, 346. 

Relations with other native peoples of PhiLy 8, 208, 14, 304, 305, 37, 221, 243, 
244, 250, 38, 201 ; relations with Chin., 4. 9, 36 46 [i.#., 47], 47 [i.#., 46], 90^ 8, 
91, J9, 227, 232, 3a, 87, 35, 150^ 36, 249; with Jap., 17, 129; with Span.-Sal- 
cedo in, i, 33; pacified, 9, 61, 15, 51, so, 262, j8, 253, 254, 36, 207; encom. 8, 
104, 105, 9, 101, 13, 314, 14, 3a3; trib. in, 9, 61, 14, a8s, 47, "8, 50, 34; re- 
duction of taxes asked, 50, ixx; officials (mil. and civil) in, 7, 37, xx8, 133, xx, 
a69, 14. a52, 324, 18, 99, 19, 225, JO, 28oi 28x, JJ, 2x8, 2x9, 227, 36, 249, 38, 
X59, x6o^ X67, 39, 137, 41, 64, 85, x67, x68, 4a, 264, 265, 269, 45, a52, 265, 49, 
145* 50, XXX, 51, 50; official visitation, 46, 58 ; revolts, 6, 185, 7, x66, 9, 246, J3, 2x8, 

37, "6, aax, 38, ix, 139, ««i, ««3-i«l, «7*-X74. X77, X93, a", 4i, lo^ "i 57. 59, ^ 

64, 77-85, ao9, 44, i6o^ 49, a2, X45, 302-306, 5^, a58; N. Espafia galL in, 19, 

225; regiments from, in Manila, 36, 240; Span, exiled to^ 39, X7, 287, 293; Span. 

ships built in, 49, x8x; rel. with Dutch, 35, 2x4, 2x5, 227; with Brit., 39, '37, 

49, 164. See also Fil.: Pangasinans. 
Pangatahojan: appellation of Fil. soothsasrer, 7» X94. 
Pangeran (Panguilan) : Javanese title, 4, X87. 
Pangil (vill. in Luzdn) : miss, labors in, s8, X46, x68, 39, 245, 35, a8x, 308, 3x7, 36, 

217; Chin, insurgents bum, 29, 245. 
Panglaguit (vill. in Pampanga) : Dodl iiL, 38, 174. 
Panglao (vill. in Bohol) : pop., 17, 208, j8, 333; miss. labors in, 17, 208, 38, 333, 

36, 55. 
Pangpanavil (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 
Pangui (vill.) : in N. Segovia see, 38, 26x. 
Panguian (Moro chief) : hostile to Span., 39, 142. 
Panguil (encom.): status (X59X), 8, 116. 
Panianamby (Joloan princess) : her marriage, 46, 46. 
Panigiyan (vill. in Basilan) : cholera in, 43, 26x ; imam of, 26x. 
Paniqui (Panique, Paniqui, Paniqui, dist. and vill. in Luz6n) : establ. as prov., 43, 

77; described, 48, X24; pop., 48, 124; its lang., X24; inhab., customs and beliefs, 

X24, 125; they rebel, 17, a99, 50, 57; miss, in, 38, X59, X74, 242, 43, 77, 48, X3X- 

X36, xsx. 
Panlaguit (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. admin., 38, X59. 
Pano, Francisco Pasqual de (oidor) : member of Misericordia, 47, 28. 



*» 



670 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Panos 

Panos, Jutn, O.S.A. See Pan^ 

Panoypuyes (Panuipuyea, appellation of pagan head-hunting people of Luz6q): 
local name incorrectly applied, 5S» 351; their vill^ 48, 129; ipedal regulatiom 
for unmarried men, 129; puniihed by Span, authorities, 129. 

Panpan: villages in Samar, 5, 57. 

Panran (native of Mindanao) : his deposition, II, 296-298. 

Pantabangan (Italon vill.) : formed by miss's, 48, 60^ 61, 63, 65-67; pop., 67; re- 
volt in, 38, 97; Aug. in, 48, 61-63, 78. 

Pantaleon, — , S.J.: sent to Manados, 27, 314. 

Pantao (vill. in Luz6n) : location, x8, 174; Span, reduce, 9, 83; shipyards in, 18, 
174, z86, 39, 94; Mor. attack, 94. 

Pantoja, Diego de, S.J.: enters China in disguise, 31, 225; expelled therefrom, 18, 
206; sketch, 206. 

Pantoja de Ayala, Pedro: ale. of Seville, 34, 278. 

Pant61 (vill. in Luz6n) : Dom. admin., j8, 159. 

Pao (vill. in Luz6n) : pop., 14, 296; Span, in, 288, 292, 296; miss, moved to, 43, 77. 

Paombong (Paomb6ng, vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, a8, 230, 265. 

Paon (oriental country) : king, friendly to Port, 39, 24 (see also Pan). 

Papagan (vill.) : hostilities in, 34, 276. 

Paper: materials, used as, i, 44, 229, 3, 223, 224, 9, 263, la, 290, 243, 13, 96, 39, 
289, 33, 222, 46, 322; used as wrapping, 8, 257; Jap. use writing, 9, 36; Fil. 
use, la, 243, 16, 226; stamped (legal), 39, 206, 46, 289, 292, 208; requisitioned 
for Phil., a, 290, 3, 237; packed in bales, 137; in trade, la, 192, a9, 307, 322, 33, 
227> 45» 70, 71, 5ii 357, 258, 5a, 88; as present, 33i 2125; as dress, 38, 67; see 
also Plants and trees: leaves. 

Papua, Raya: heathen king in Gilolo, 33^ 263. 

Papuans (inhab. of N. Guinea): original inhab. of J0I6, 43, 267, 272. 

Papyrus: used as paper, la, 290, 46, 322. 

Paquien. See Pekin. 

Piquil (vill. in Luz^) : Frans. admin., a8, 268. 

Parabu, Raia: king of Sanguir, 33, 247. 

Paracali (Paracale, Parac^le, Paraculi, dist in Luz6n) : described, 36, 295; pop. 
(1582), 5, 97; status (2592), 8, 222; mines in, 3, 161, 223, 224, 5, 95, 99. 14, 303, 
16, 202, a7, 79, 34. 284, 35, 300, 30«, 36, 201, 48, 300; founded, 35, 3»7; >» 
encomendero, 8, 222; shipwreck near, a9, 259, 260; sec. priest at, 8, 222; curacy 
in, a8, 253, 264; Fran, in, 35, 283, 36, 99. 217. 

Paradise: Fil. appellation for, 7, 295; Fil. do not care for, if Span sold, there, i; 
45. See also the various native peoples. 

Paragua (Pariigua, vill. in Paragua) : Rec. admin, a8, 252, 275. 

Paraguay (Span. prov. in S. A., now independent country): agric. fostered in, 51, 
264; Jes. in, II, 192, a6, 267, 51, 222, 272. 

Paran (vill. in J0I6) : Guimbanos inhabit, 41, 286; hosdlities in, 286-293. 

Paraniin (vill. in Luz6n) : mts. of, 43, 66; inhab. flee, 67. 

Paranas (Parinas, vill. in Simar) : location, 13, 63; pop. (2622), 17, 205; moun- 
taineers inhabit, 13, 63; assigned in encom., 34, 306; revolt in, 38, 207; Jes. in, 
a8, 92, 251, 252, 36. 56. 

Parangue (appellation given to Port.) : origin, 4, 50. 

Paranaque (Palaiiac, Palanaque, Paranaca, vill. near Manila) : two places merged 
into one, 8, 99; Atarrayas inhabit, 9, $1 ; coast near reconnoitred, 8, 285; assigned 
to crown, 5, 89; shipwreck near, as, 223, a9, 252; hurricane damages, 267; Span. 



Paro] INDEX 671 

cavalxy retreats to, 301, az2; miss, labors in, 8, 43, 53, 58, 15, 2ai, 17, 191, J3, 
191, 20a, aas, a83, J4, ih ^ 74» 85i x^ «5, i5«, ««. «30, 165. 36, 95. 37» 178. 
ai4, 21 St a37; church demolished, 36, 346. 

Paraphe: why used, a, 181. 

Parasao (Parasio, dist in Mindanao) : gold found in, 3, aa3 ; aisigned to Chacon, 
34t 307; Chris, families in, Ji, 346. 

Parasols: slaves carry over masters, 16, 79; white, as present, 34, z86; in trade, 3, 
ax4, 6, a8o, J9, 307. 

Pariiva (vill.) : Chrisw families in, ax, 346; Rec. in, 346. 

Paraya, Juan de (notary) : official act, 7, 31. 

Parchment: used as paper, i, xa9, 163, 3, xa3, 124; various doc. written on, x, 341, 
3, 223, ia4, 34, 339; books and records bound in, 3, 137, 6, 4a; shoes made from, 
49i 33^ ; abaci cloth compared to, 3, ao3. 

Pardo, Diego, O.S.A.: signs letter, 13, 399. 

Pardo^ Felipe (Phelipe) Fernandez de, O.P.: 38, 83. See Femindez de Pardo. 

Pardo, Jacinto, O.P.: natives poison, 3X, 15; sketch, 340, 241. 

Pardo, Juan: fiscal, a J, 165, 292. 

Pardo (Pardos) de Losada, Juan (Joan, Span, officer) : called Fa jar do by lome writers, 
X7, 1x7; commands ship, xo, 264, 17, Z17, 37, 196; in battle with Dutch, X7, 123; 
builds convent bldgs., 35, 279. 

Pardo de Tavera, Joaquin (uncle of following, and regidor) : exiled, 5 J, 127. 

Pardo de Tavera, Dr. T. H. (Phil, commissioner) : thanked, xa, 25, 50, z6, 5a, 26, 
53* 54 1 opposes Nozaleda't claim to S. Jos^ ColL, 45, 137; trustee of S. Jos^ Coll., 
Z39; his arguments against Sto. Tomis Univ., 46, 308; his address before Manila 
teachers, 372; owns Phillppina, 51, 43, 53, 14, 15; characterized, 50, 137; notes 
by, 138, 140-144, 14^-148, 15I1 153-155, 157-159, 162, Z64-Z66, X69-X7X, X73, 
175, 17S, 1S5, x86, X87, 190; cited, 5a, X98; see also Books. 

Pardons (amnesty): granted by Legazpi, 3, 235, 34, X9; by Polavieja, X7, 3x1; by 
Fajardo, X9, X26; by Corcuera, 29, X58; by Manrique de Lara, 38, X44; granted 
recklessly, X9, 78, 79, 30, 17, 164; granted to criminal for service, X7, 27X; to 
Camucones, aa, 95; Chin, insurgents ask, 29, 2x0; Jes. beg, for Chin., 36, x6, 
225, 227; granted to insurgents, J9, 245, 247, 35, 9©, 36, X33, 207, 38, 90, '27, 
X30, X50, X52, 40, xx8, 41, X2, 68, 75, 84, 48, X4X, X48; Irrayas, 43, 60; to those 
enlisting againit Mor., X62; ecc, 44, 143; pervert justice, 36, 297. 

Paredes, Conde de. See Cerda, Tomis Antonio de la. 

Paredes, Jerdnimo (Gerdnimo) de, O.S.A. : life and labors, 34, 92, 29, 272, 37, X65, X78. 

Pare j a (Parexa), Crist6bal (Christoval) Nunez de: a, 60. See Nunez de Pare j a. 

Pareja, Miguel, S.J.: restrains natives, 39, X37; Mor. ill-treat, 41, 300. 

Pareja Mejia, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 7X. 

Pammin, — , S.J.: letter (X740), cited, 5X, X59. 

Pariin. See Chin. II. 

Parilla, Francisco, O.S.F.: desired in Japan, 9, 29. 

Paris (France) : location, 47, 87; political negotiations at, 3, 329, 335; Dom. chapter 
held in, 3 J, 22x, 276; plot against Jes. hatched at, 50, 285; Fil. study in, 5a, X29. 

Parker, Capt — (Brit, naval officer) : acquainted with E. seas, 49, 6x ; com- 
mands Brit ship, 48 ; pursues Span, gall., 57, 6x ; in charge of landing of troops, 84. 

Parkyna, Capt — : trades in opium, 51, 158. 

Parliaments: their rights regarding taxation, 48, 252. 

Parma (dist in Italy) : enters "Family compact," 49, 45; hostile to papacy, 50, 28x. 

Paro: misprint for Jaro (^.c), 5^, 334* 



672 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Parreno 

Parreno, A. (comnuindant at fort Santiago) : reacuct fbreigncra from mataacre, 3if 
164, 165. 

Parrilla, Capt. Alonso: his houiet, 47, 175. 

Partho (Paito, fortreta in China) : Hideyoahi teizet, 9, 44, 46; Chin, recapture, 44. 

Partido (El, vilL in Luadn) : location, 41, 127; miti. labors in, 127. 

Partnership (business) : regulations regarding liability in, 5, i8|, 1S5. 

Parur (vill. in Orient) : Jea. in, 17, Z64. 

Pas: 10, ao4. See Pisig. 

Pasabango (vill.) : Fran, in, 35, 31a. 

Pasacao (yill. in Luzdn) : canal opened at, so, laa. 

Pasanhan (vill.) : assigned in encom., 34, 306. 

Pasanjan (yilL in Baailan) : Mor. inhabit, 43, a6a. 

Pasarin, Capt Jos^ (Joseph, ale-may. of Bulacan) : commands galL, 48, 187, 188; 
recognizes authority of Anda, 49, 374. 

Pasay (vilL in Luzdn) : location, 49, 205; inhab. of, seek refuge, 39, aia; Chin, in* 
surgents in, 4s, 351 ; Valenxuela in, 278. 

Pascos (misprint for Casoos) : J, 329 (see Ships). 

Pasg regio : defined, 50, 271 ; suspended in Spain, 281. 

PAsig (Pas, Pasi, Pasic^ Pfttig, Passi, Passic, vill. and encom. near Manila) : location, 
36, 92; pop., S, 87, 51, 199; trib., 8, loi; assigned to Isla, xo, 204 (alao identi- 
ficci) ; Vega in, 14, 307; Chin, insurgents in, x6, 40, J9, 231; they bum it, 236, 
251; Brit raid, 49» 229, 230; Fil. guard, 291; Aug. in, 7, 274, 8, loi, xo, 204, 
17, 191, J3, 21a, 214, 224, 285, 288, J4, 74. X33, ^5, i57, ^«. ^%o, 150, 165, 36, 
9a, 37, X85. a«4» a«9, a»3i aj^. aS7. 39, X34. 4^, x88, 265, 266, 296; beaterio in, 
45, 26X, 3x4. 

Pasipit (port in Cagayan pror.) : gall, in, 37, 230. 

Passi (Pasi, Pasig, vill. in Panay) : roy. enoom., 23, 265; Span, troops in, J4, 82; 
earthquake in, X19; rerolt in, 38, 2x9; Aug. in, 17, X98, x8, 278, sx, 245, J3, 
xaa. a8oi 295. ^4, 74, «», 97. ^5, X58, J8, x66, J9, 27X, 37, '79, 38, 2x6. 

Pasquinades (lampoons): described, 39, 23X, 232; against various persons, J6, 52- 
59, j8, 2x8, 38, 83. 

Passir (in Borneo) : a slave-market, 48, 5X. 

Passports (chapas-Chin., permits; see also Licenses): term ''chapa" defined, xa, 95; 
they are coins, 39, 250; given as summons, 31, X25; guards refuse, 128; are trade 
licenses, 35, X49; mandarins venerate, 178; given to Span, by Chin, and Jap. (the 
latter rarely), 3, X03, 104, 5, a8, 6, 303, 7, 235, 236, 10, 268, X4, 229, 15, 23, a63- 
265, 37, XXX, 32, x88; given to Joloans, 4, 236; should be sent throughout China, 
6, 209; letters given as, 9, 3x; gov. refuses, 14, X43; Acufia gives to king of Ter- 
nate, 16, 57, 58, 3x3; difficult to secure, X7, 132; easily secured, 38, 242; pro- 
hibited to Phil, citizens, X7, 132, X33; id. to married men, X78; Fajardo givea, 
x^, 1x7; granted as reward, 36, 36; law regulating, 284; costs, 38, 257; rel. must 
carry, 39, 57; necessary, in order to leave Canton, 31, X19; sent to Anda, 49, 
X39, 140; Brit issue for Anda, 227; issued to Fil., 265, 266; system of, urged, 51, 
20X ; necessary for travelers, 208; obtained by bribery, 53, 52; given to poor Span., 
63; foreigners need, 72. 

Pastells, Pablo, S.J.: thanked, x, X5, 53, 54; superior of Jes. miss., X3, 10; owns 
Philippina, 176, 53, X2, 34, 35; teacher of Rizal, X5, 36; his various miss, labors, 
40, XX4, XX5, 43, 2x6, 223, 3x2; convert presents shield to, 40, X59; his systems 
of reducing natives, 43, 2x5; gathers Mandayan traditions, 220; statistics given 
by, 53, X04, X05; contributes to our series, 53, 54. See also Books. 



Pauperism] INDEX 673 

Paiun (cnoom.) : assigned to Isla, 34, 309. 

Pata (vill. in N. Lut6a): location, 30, 291; status (1591 )» S, 109; Span, reduce, 9, 
S5; its alc.-may^ 30, 308; revolts, 38, 207; miss, work in, 17, an, s8, 159, 174, 
30, aSx, 301-3x0, 31, 3i» X58, 3a, 147. «S9t 37. "7- 

Patabingan (dist in Luz6n): road through, 41, 96. 

Patagonia (dist in S. Amer.) : winter in, long, x, 3x5; barren, 3x5; its products, 
33> 67, 3x4; birds of, 398; chart, 86. Span, in, $, 30; mutineers marooned in, 33, 
67, 304; scientists in, 51, 76. See also Indians: Patagonians. 

Patani (Patam, Patau, Patane, Patany, dist in Asia, now southernmost prov. in 
Siam) : location, etc, a, 3x4, 4, 65, X3X, 7, X43, aax, 9, 3x9, 19, 390; dependency 
of Pegu, 4, 339 ; subject to China, 6, 336 ; empire in Hindustan, 34, 175 ; products, 
19, 390, ja, X93, 34. a85; trade in, a, XX7, 4, X3X, 9, 5X, 16, 303, 19, 390, J7, 95, 
X07, 39, 303; Dutch factories in, 18, 70, xo8, 19, 290, aa, 193; Span, explore, 7, 
40; Span, exped. sent to^ 15, 57; hostile to Span., 6, X78; friendly to id., 29, 34; 
Dutch ships in, 14, XX7; Dutch-Eng. naval battle in harbor of, 19, 59; Chin, 
colony in, 31, xo3; conversion desired, 6, 335, x8, X65. 

Patarandan: Moro dato, 43, 303. 

Paterio^ Miguel, S.J.: letters by, 41, 386, 393, 394. 

Patemina, Jos^ (Joseph), O.S.A. (commissary of Inquis.) : life and labors, a8, xx3, 

"3. 185, '96, 37, as. afi. 49. 5o, 53, 5^-58. ^ "», a»6, 337, 339, 33X, 363, 364, 

368, 28X, 43, 30, 5a, 330; letter to Aud., 37, 39. 
Patemo, Maximo (Fil) : exiled, 5a, X37. 
Paterno, Pedro Alejandro (FiL author) : agent in FiL-Span. negotiations, 5a, X96- 

199. >S9» characterized, 154; writes Aguinaldo, 3oa 
Patero, Santiago: medal presented to, for efforts in agric, 5a, 333. 
Patical (vill.) : fair held in, 44, 73. 
Patimuhaurat (Bornean jailer): ransom paid to, 4, X83; surrenders Culverin to 

Span., 183 ; flees from them, 183. See also Tumanpate. 
Padfio, Alf. — : commands caracoa, a4, X03. 

Patino, Diego, S.J.: life and labors, 35, xo6, 36, 44, 45, 48, 73, 44, 63, 67. 
Patino, Francisco, O.S.A.: goes to China, 4a, 3xx. 
Patifio, Joseph (Span, statesman) : petitioned, 44, 333; member of roy. coun., 45, 35, 

39; roy. sec'y, 47, X57; sketch, 5a, 35*. 
Patino, Luis (Span.) : his enoom., 8, xx3, XX4. 
Pato, Ysabel (convert) : death, 31, 33. 
Patois: 34» 59* See Clothing. 
Patro (dist in Luz6n) : gold in, 3» 323. 
Patrols: act providing for, in Manila, 1 1, 53. 
Paul: Chin, convert, la, 20a 
Paul, Vincent de. See St Vincent de Paul. 
Paula, Mother (beata) : founds beaterio^ 46, 344, 345, 49. 128; supported from Mex., 

92; supports girls, 92; Viana consults, 93; her prediction, 93; friars make use of, 

130. 
Paula, Francisco, OJ'. (commissaiy of Inquis.) : life and labors, as, x86, 258, 267, 

289. 294, a6, 48, 69, 100^ 128, a8, xx2, 37. «o, 64, 65, xxs, xi8, 123, 38, 57- 
Paulo (Jap. convert) : persecuted, a4, 24X. 
Paulo: Patagonian captured by Magalhaes, 33, 87; death, 87. See also Indians: 

Patagonians. 
Pauntugan (vill. in Mindanao) : Rec. in, a8, 175. 
Pauperism: danger of, in Phil, {q.v,), i, 75. 



674 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pauthicr 

Pauthier, G.: bibliographical reaearchcs of, 4, 56. 

Pavay (vill.) : pop. (1827), 51, 199- 

Pavia, Melchior, OJP.: oollccta Pangaaiaan reoorda» 3 J, 6). 

Pavia y Lay, Manuel (marqu^ de Noralichei^ gor. of PhiL, Fck-Oct^ 1S54) : ikeldi, 

17, 305- 

Pawnthopi: authorized in Manila, 17, 306; govt, eitabl., 5 J, ai6; planned, 5a, saa; 
Bp. Salaxar*! silver often an, 31, 56. 

Payin (vill.) : auigned to La Haya, 34, 305. 

Payao (vill. in Luz6n) : Span, aubdue, 37, 248. 

Payaot: 37, 239, 340. See Apayaot. 

Payasondan (prov. in Luzdn) : revolts in, 7, 166. 

Paynaan (Pa3m aan, vilL in Luzdn) : Jes. mitt, at, a8, 135, 44, 101; Camacfao pn>- 
motei miu. at, 144, 20a 

Paynauen (Paynaven, Paynav^ Paynavto, vill. in Luz6n) : early name for Playa 
Honda, 18, 37; fort at, 39> 233; miu. at, 41, 15, 24, 131, 240^ 250, 43, 66. 

Paynayan (Pajmayen, vill. in Luz6n) : fort in, ai, 282; Rec. in, 282. 

Payo, Joan: 7, zoz. See Gayo, Joan. 

Payo, Pedro, O.P. (abp. of Manila, 1876-89) : threaten! gov., ga, 173; demonatration 
againit, 173; sketch, 5X1 316. 

Paytan (vill in Luz6n) : Span, in, 14, 296, 298 ; inhab. desert, 296, 298. 

Payte (vill. in Luz6n) : location and status, 35, 281. 

Paz (La) : Peruvian diocese, 30, 74. 

Paz, Alonso de, O.S.A.: signs opinion, 8, 215, 217; sketch, 217. 

Paz, Francisco de la (Span, officer) : accompanies Maldonado, 35, 66. 

Paz, Ignacio (Ygnado) : describes Phil. Is., 36, Z2, 87-105, 308. 

Paz, Juan de, O.P.: life and labors, 37, 40^ 85, 281, 4a, 43, 45, 156. 

Paz, Juan de (canon in Manila ecc. cab.) : instructs in encom., 8, 122; signs petition, 
45, 100. 

Paz, Julian (director of Simancas archives): thanked, I, z6; characterized, 53, 32. 

Paz, Martin de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, a4, 122. 

Paz Dessotomayor, Joan (roy. notary) : official act, 10, 205, 206. 

Pazio, — , S.J.: estabL miss, in China, 6, 208. 

Pazos, P. A. de: first to mention Guimbanos in modem times, 40, 179. 

Pazuengos (Pazaengos), Bernardo, S.J.: life and labors, 47, 243, 49, 134, 152, 153, 
294. 299, 340, 50, 25, 283; letter by (1765), 49, a4, 336-34^, 348. 

Peace: desired, 3, 93, ^55, 4, 125, a9, 18, 145, 204, 213, 244-249, 36, 249, 37, «59. 
160, 46, 37; made betw. various native peoples of Phil., 8, 218, 41, 3x7, 46, 45; 
betw. Span, and native peoples of Phil., a, 1x3, 1x5, 1x7, xax, X28, X32-X37, 
X45, 186, 3, 109, 15X, a35» 9, a86, 287, 14, 283-285, 29X, 15, 49» 95, 98» 16, 239, 
a7, 296, 297, 299, 300, 324-326, a8, 24, 51-54, 39, 95, 173, 34, 277, 37, «68, 38, 
loo, 127, 150, 152, 153, 158, X59, 41, 28, 29, X09, 292-298, 302, 317, 3x9, 320, 322, 
44, X5X, 47, 247, 51, 27; betw. Span, and Borneans, 4, 205, 34, 389; betw. Span, 
and Moluccans, 16, 57-59, ^2^ 70; betw. Span, and natives of Formosa, 34, 277; 
betw. Span, and king of Sanguil, 29, 49; betw. Span, and Chin., 6, xx2, 16, 300, 
36, 258, 259; betw. Chin, and Armenians, 6, 225; betw. Chin, and Tartars, 225; 
betw. Span, and Jap., 16, 199, 278; betw. Dutch and Jap., 3a, 125; betw. Port, 
and Mindanaos, 16, 225; betw. Span, and Dutch, 15, 323, aS, X02, 38, 105, 41, 
14, ixo; betw. Span, and Port. (Manila and Macao), 44, 99; betw. Span, and 
£ng., 49, X69; betw. Dutch and Port (in India), 35, X55; celebrated with artillery, 
3, 98; letters of, 4, x6x, X85,- flags of, 20x, 209; conditions of, 9, 298; ceremonial 



Penalties] INDEX 675 

of, 14, 283; Span, should maintain with natives, 34, 249, 352, 254; natives forced 
to make, 277; Span, promise to Fil., 287; broken, 3, 235, a62, x6, 64, 34, 274, 37t 
13, 160; Corralat refuses to break, 36, 222. 

Pecan, Fray Juan de: cited, i, 203. 

Peccador, Diego, O.P.: sketch, 43, 84. 

Pedic (vill. in Ilocos) : pop^ 47, 204; assigned to hospitalers, 204. 

Peding, Lorenzo (Ilocan in Span, service): arrests insurgent chief, 38, 188; rein- 
forced, 189; death, 190. 

Pedraza (Pedrosa), Licen. Juan (sec. priest) : replaced by regular, j8, 315, 41, 172, 
234. 

Pedraza (Pedrasa, Pedrosa), Luis de, S.J.: life and labors, as, 169, 205, 2x3-215, 
223-225, 239; letter to, cited, J9, 199, 200. 

Pedrito (adopted Negrito) : sketch, 37, 171. 

Pedro (Jap. convert) : martyred, 19, 50. 

Pedro II (of Port) : decree authorizing trade with Manila, 4 J, 151 ; sketch, X, 356. 

Pedro III (of Port., brother of Jos^ I) : his marriage, X, 357; sketch, 357. 

Pedroche, Crist6bal (Christoval, Cristobal), O.P.: life and labors, 37, 129, 39, 146, 
«77-X79, 41, 269, 4a, 221-223, 43, 78- 

Pedrosa, Adolfo (Adulfo), S.J.: life threatened, 38, 132, 44, 91. 

Pedrosa, Antonio de la (member of Span, coun.) : reports to coun. on Manila trade, 

44, 310- 
Pedrosa, Juan: aS, 3x5, 41, X72. See above Pedraza. 

Pedrosa, Luis: as, 169. See Pedraza, Luis. 

Peglisan (vill. in Luz6n) : pays trib. to Span., 37, 248. 

Pegii (Pegu, country of India): location, 34, 139; customs in, X70; pnDducts, a7, 
93-96; its trade, 4, 229, 19, 3x6, a7, 92-96, a8, 99; subjects Siam and Patani, 4, 
229; Siamese seize, 9, x66; belongs to Brit. India, 34, X75; its influence, 175; Bor- 
neans plunder, 4, 221; Siamese hostile to, 9, 164; friendly to Chris., x66. 

Peguero, Juan, O.P.: life and labors, 37, X29, 41, 255-257, 261-263. 

Peighin, Capt John (Brit naval officer): commands "Seaford," 49, 56; covers land- 
ing of troops, 83. 

Pekin (Cambalu, Khan-palik, Pac Kin, Paquian, Paquien, Paquin, Peking, Pequin, 
cap. of Chin, empire) : meaning of word, la, 104; various names, 34, 172; identi- 
fied, 3, 41, 4*, la, 104; location, 3, 247, 9, 44, I5, 178; »*» walls, 34, «35» «72» 
173; scarcity of rain in, x8, 210; little opium used in, si> ^S9\ cap. city, 3, 227, 
247i 4» 56; threatened, 3> 313, X9i 43, 47; captured, 22^ X97; mandarins in, 18, 
208; its guard, 19, 45; J«8- in, 6, 208, IS, i77, «78, ^^, «97, X98, ^4, 300, ^9, 
48, 49, 24, 335; Jes. expelled from, 18, 206; miss's summoned to, 36, 219. 

Peliez, Dr. Pedro (Fil. sec. priest) : gov. abprc. of Manila, si, 315* 

Pell6n y Rodriguez, Julian: presents amendment in Span. Cortes (X869), s^, 297. 

Pemble, Capt — (Brit officer) : Draper commends, 49, 70, 74. 

Pens, — de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 29. 

Penalties — 

In general: serve as warning, 9, 268; no exceptions to, under law, s^, 294. 
Gradation of, among Fil., s, 179; chiefs, subject to, X47, so, 243; of timauas, 
5, 179, 50, 217, 243 ; shared by kindred, s, X47, 151, 179-185 ; severe among Chin., 4, 
52 ; not severe in China, 6, 221 ; severe, against Fil., s, 190, 203, 204, 2x8, 220, 223, 
224, 227; Span, in Phil, subject to, 10, 88, 89; should be severe for officials, xxo; not 
sufficiently severe, X48, X49, 14, xo, 36, x 9, 293-298, 40,2x5; lighter, petitioned, xa, 
X2; excessive, 16, 323, 19, 79, M, X43, X49, 37, «S7, 38, 147, »", 4©, 148, X49, 



676 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Penalties 

PBNALTnt (ooDtuHied) — 

354, S55f 4<» 84; cruel, irritate Pil., 36, a6x; terrible, inflicted by Kadponaii, 5 J, 
2$%, Best method of punbhiDg FiL, 10, 19; ditcretionaiy with viceroys, 95, 39, 
34; compromised in, J7, 171; composition of, 30, 8x, S7, S8, 90^ 91, 103, X06-X08, 
44, 235, 240; redeemed with money among natives of Phil^ 40, 149; natives 
angered at and resist ecc^ 41, aaS, 230; rel. may not inflict^ 4 J, 306, 307; un- 
justly exacted, 44, 133; difficult te enforce in Phil^ 7, 9a; not enforced, or en- 
forced laxly, 93, 14, Z5a, x8, 26% 19, 3x7, 45, x86; impracticable, 46, 3S6; 
rigorous enforcement urged, 17, Sz, 19, 134, Z73, Z78, 179; executed rigorously, 8, 
3x8; Monteses execute inunediately, 43, 305; need regulation, 51, 360, 36z; 
papal, I, 113, 3, Z23; ecc and divine, 7, 65, 67-69, 71, 73, 74, 75, IJ, 115, 116, 
41, 228, 230; inflicted by friars, xo, 79, Ji, 59, 60, 47, 156; civil set aside for 
ecc., 39, 166, In treaties, i, zx8, Z19, Z29; imposed in Magalhies's fleet, I, 356, 
>57> 2^5> 273; imposed by Cirlos I, 379; by Mor., 3, 89; Sande threatens, in Bor- 
neo, 4, 157; imposed on Ronquillo de Pefialosa, 31 z; by Span, on natives, 5, Z9o^ 
203, 204, 3z8, 220, 223, 234, 337, xo, 309, 51, 48, 267; Fil. only ones punbhed, 
7, 3Z0; no pecuniary, exacted from Fil., xo, 30a; imposed by Fil., 16, 333, 335, 
326, 329; death seldom adjudged, 40, 356; imposed by gov. of Phil^ 7, 84, 85, 
Z56, 10, 43, 44, ja, Z3, 95, 49> 297; judicial, 7, Z33; incurred by Salazar, Z39; 
id, by gov., 287; just, of war, 8, 3Z3; imposed on Chin., 10, 83, 5s, 67; pro- 
vided by decrees, 28z; imposed on Span, officers, X9, Z34, J J, Z49; in Cavite har- 
bor, 50, 2Z4. 

Enumerated: arrest and imprisonment, 3, 257, 4, Z65, z83, 5, Z9Z, 330^ 3Z7, 6, 
z6, 74, 239, 268, 308, 7i 85» «2», 8, 303, 10, 84, 295-297, 299, 30Z, XI, 25, 
29. 58, 73. 74, 15, 94, 100, 16, 258, 17, 95, 18, ^7, 19, 4S, ^O, x88, JI, zo^ 69, 
73. 21Z, J4, 33Z, J5, 173, ^6, 86, J7, 35, 36, 4Z, 3zz, J8, Z79, J9, Z93, 34, a^Jt 
404, 4Z0, 429, 35, 45, «8z, 36, Z34, 380, 392, 393, 398, 399, 37, 95-97. *58, X74- 
Z75, z8z, Z84, 268, 38, 93, X30, 39, 173, 18S, X90, a3«, »$^ ^40, ^57, a^z, 
279, 292, 40, 204, 4a, 49, 68, 248, 302, 44, X33, »50, Z5Z, z6z, Z76, zS3, Z95, 309, 
213, 45, 164, 46, 59, a78, 48, Z37, 49, z8o> 253, 263, 50, z66, 330, 334, 343, 322, 
51, 36, 107, 5a, 60, 92, 93; not distasteful to Fil., 36, 298, 399; slavery, 3, 387. 
5, 177-185, 224, ^. 6», 145, «92, 7, 179, 14, x6, Z20, Z34, Z28, 325-327, x8, z8, 
Z87, 38, 255, 39, 282, 34, 280, 292, 293, 36, Z93, 207, 38, Z30, 40, X47-X49, S5», 
354, 360, 48, z6z; sentenced to galleys, 10, 297, XI, 57, 63, 77, 78, U, Z56, 13, 
225, 14, zo, 49, 16, 42, 299, 17, 29, 40, 95, 18, 46, 66, 89, 247, 19, 79, X97, ^O, 
Z67, 33, Z49, 33, 266, 39, Z50, Z58, 205, 31, 270, 37, 49, 252, 39, XS9, 4©, 29, 
48, Z41, 50, 2ZZ, 320, 243, 244 (see also Fil.: occupations); only on advice of 
assessor, 206. 

Confiscations, 3, 56, Z73, 4, zz3, ZZ3, 309, 5, 369, 270, 6, Z67, Z76, 368, 3Z3, 
7, Z04-ZZ0, Z24, Z53, 363, 364, 8, 38, 3Z7, 9, z8, 66, 252, 10, 279, 296, 306, 11, 
27, 43, 57, 58, 70, X07, xx8, 13, 47, 73, 75, X55, 156, 13, 26z, 266, I4, Z3o> 15, 

32, 119, 16, 295, 17, 29, 3Z, 33, 34, 36, 40-42, 44, 45, 18, 268, 319, 324, 19, Z22, 

Z23, Z70, Z97, 30, 35, 26, 39, Z83, Z90, 31, 20, 88, 89, 33, Z73, 34, 369, 370, 3Z2, 
^5, 25, 30-33, 35, Z40, 36, 288, 37, Z62, 38, Z79, 355, SO, 3x, 97, x<H, to6, 31. 
382, 36, Z34, 37, 54, 95, 96, 191, 270, 38, Z30^ 39, X35, '62, 33Z, 232, 335, 26Z, 
262, 275, 382, 383, 39Z, 292, 297, 298, 299, 41, 35, 43, 49, 44, Z5Z, z6z, 339, 233, 
237, 252, 355, 268, 45, 40, 64, 83, 49, 262, 264, 50, Z95, 244, 245, 347, 302, 51, 
36, 265, 53, Z07, 35Z; how confiscations applied, 8, 3Z7, 10, 396, 17, 39, 3Z, 33, 
44, 233, 237; confiscated silks, burned, 255, 268, 45, 4^ 
Exile (banishment), 3, 20, 56, 65, zzo^ 378, 7, 85, 93, zoo, Z04-XXX, 124, Z36, 



Penalties] INDEX 677 

5, 24s, 10, 279, 297. Ill a79. 14. 3*5, X5, S^, 17. xo. 35. S9. 4*^ 4a, a74. a94. »«. 
247, ao, Z40^ Ji, 2o^ So, 8i, J5, a79-aSi, 306, s«3, ^6, 42, 44, S6, 90^ 96, 105, 
106, 294, J7, 29, 311, j8, 218, 227, 30, 121, 179, 201, 31, a79, »«». a84, 300, 
3a, 24, 33, 13. 34, »3, 53, a45. ««, 404, 413, 35. 35, 3^, 134, 37, 47. 55. X74» 
175, 181, 184, 268, 38, 18, 74, 83, 39, X7, 160, 168, 174, 176-179, a3a. a35-a37. 
257, 271, 278, 279, 286, 294, 296, 299, 41, 37. loi, 4a, 3a, 68, 77, 103, 137, 178, 
223, 232, 243, 28s, 43, 78, 88, 120, 44, x6o, 176, 182, 186, 187, 205, 206, 233, 45. 
164, 46, 278, 281, 48, 14X, «44, »7»f 49, aaa, ^Hf 5©, 26, 27, 143, 172-178, 
»53, 273, 287, 51, 51, 54, 66, 208, 211, 303, 307, 5^,62, 137, 129, 169, 1/5, 191, 211, 
344, 353; kinds of exile, defined, 7, 105; must be for serious offenses, 3, 65; 
Lcgazpi may proclaim, 65; Aud. may not revoke, 5, 280; exiles enrolled as sold., 
10, 13; to Phil, must be enforced, 17, 10, 35, 39, 40; limitation 00, 38, 74. 
Sentenced to ranks, J, 122; service as sold., J5, 36, 50, 211; personal services, 6, 
'74, 176 (see also Fil.: occupations); indented servants, lO, 293, 294; at forge, 
297; work in powder-house, 297; bamboo cutting, 4 J, 306 (see also Fil.: occupa- 
tions) ; harbor service, 50, 2xz; labor at public works, s6, 69, 5s, 62. 

Fines, l, 239, 288, a, 173, 3, 287, 307, 4, 51, 5, X43-X47, I5«, i57-i59, »77-i8x, 
187, 224, 227, 237, 238, 285-287, 299, 303, 305, 308, 309, 3", 3x6, 3x7. 6, 36, 47, 
61, 176, 239, 7, 63, X05-XXI, 126, 147, 178, 180^ 183, 184, 9, 240, 10, 19, 44, 80, 84, 
294, 300, 302, 305, 316, II, 21-23, 30, 34, 36-39, 41, 43-46, 48, 49, 52, 53. 55. 56, 
59-6X, 73, 74, 79, 80, 255, 279, 287, la, 52, 294, 13, 238, 14. 90. X52, 3x4. 16. 
■ 126, 167, 246, 323, 325-327, 18, X5, 151, 321, 19, 81, 83, 134, 150, JI, 60, 80, 
81, 135, JJ, 154, X55, J5, 33, 35, 37, 167, 207, 224, 225, 231, 236, 243, 264, 265, 
269, 279, 283, 285, 306, 3x3, j6, 24, 37, 39, 42, 90, 92, 102, 104-106, J7, 23, 24, 
26, 34, 240, 241, 250, j8, 28, J9, 62, 31, 243. 34, X79, 239, 244, 246, 293, 320, 
36, 19, 286, 290, 37, X91, 38, 74, 39, X7, 167, 173, 233, 234, 261, 279, 283, 289, 
302, 40, 92, 353, 356, 358, 372, 42, 38, 63, 78, loi, 188, 256, 302, 43, X23, 200^ 

305, 44, X46, X48, x6o, 187, 233, 268, 46, 97, X32-X34, 254, 277, 285, 295, 298, 
309, 3x8, 48, 33, 49, 22, X79, 193, 307, 50, 20, 33, 46, 73, 166, X95, 196, 198, 200, 
204, 205, 207-2x2, 2x9-222, 224, 226, 230, 237-241, 243, 244, 247-252, 256, 51, X07. 
5a, 62, X07, 295. 300, 34x; how fines applied, a, 54, 158, 5, 43, 71, 97, 224, 296, 
297. 303, 305, 307-3x4, 3x6-318, 6, 36-41, 7, X47, 9. 230, 10, 294, 296, 300, 302, 305, 

306, 3x5, 316, II, 22, 23, 30, 38, 39, 4X, 44-46, 48, 52, 53, 55, 56, 59, 73, 14, 250, J5, 
23 X, J7, 34; failure to pay, 7, xo8-xzo; Lcgazpi ordered to enforce, 3, 65; 
illegally appropriated by officials, 5, 203, 204, 10, 94; illegally imposed, 80; 
those imposed by oidors must go to roy. treas., 5, 282, 295, 296 ; should be avoided, 

6, X74, 7, 158, 256, 10, 80, 272, 18, 318; no pecuniary, exacted from Fil., 10, 
302; must be collected by roy. treas., and reported to home govt, 10, 3x5, 3x6; 
Fil. should pay monetary fines, 11, 287; pecuniary, effective, 51, 97; bp. investi- 
gates, ai, 60; Corcuera threatened with, J5, 243; may be remitted, 269, a6, X02; 
entered iii books, RO, 207; penas de camera, defined, <$a, 34X. Refunding of 
amts., 5, 282, 286, 296, 303, 304, 306, 309, 6, 38-40; restitution of trib., 7, 281 (see 
also Rev.: trib.); entire restitution too severe, 3x1; trib. increased, 48, 248; 
double duties, 44, 229, 233, 234, 45, 31; increased taxes, 48, 248; war expenses, 
8, 31; paym*t of costs of trial, 3X, 11, 47, 48, X40, X62; hosp. expenses, 8, 246; 
stoppage of supplies, 10, 264; embargoes, 37, X74, 175, 268; prohibition of all 
com., 44, 261; restitution of school expenses, 46, 19, 56, 90; loss of money loan, 
5a, 292, 295. Loss of, and suspension from office, a, 62, 5, 285, 286, 295, 299, 
304, 306, 308, 309, 3XX, 3x3, 3x4, 3x6, 6, 35, 38, 39, 10, 300, II, 34, 80, 13, 26X, 
14, 316, 325, 17, 40, 42» a6, 95, X38, 34, 404. 4x3, 36, 292, 39, 279, 44, X48, 



678 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Penalties 

Penalties (ooodmied) — 

160, 176, 48, s»f 188, 189, 50, 194, 199, ao5-ao7, an, aia, aiy, as8, as9, a47. 
350^ asa, a58, a6i ; ditqualification for office, 5, a86, 304, 6, 40^ ay, aS ; disquali- 
fication for municipal elections, ^14, 316; loss of salary, 5, a86, a94, 397, 6, 36, 
II, 34; loss of fees, 5, 306, 315, 6, 36; charges in residencia, 17, 36, 43, J5, 
>7~29> 34* 49; loM of cases, 9, 312; declared traitor and rebel, 4, 309; legal pro- 
ceedings, J5, a8, 4 J, 49, 54, 55, 63, 64, 44, a65 ; infamy, 5, a59i a9« ; loss of rcqr. 
favor, 34, 239, 246; loss of school position, 46, 178. 

Corporal - admin, by friars, I, 46; forbidden to admin., aS, 15, 257, 258; in 
Amer. vill., i, 77; alc.-may. not permitted to impose, 36, 280; disqualification 
for teaching, 46, 105; penalties included in, 105; inflicted in local courts, 51, 
107; stocks, 3, 257. 4. 3». 165, 5, X90. i9«. 223, 237, lO, 75, ao, 152, a3, 266, 
a6, 32, 34, 283, 410^ 36, 131, 40, 250; forbidden, aa, 83; mutilation, 4, 52, 10, 
242, 40, 113, 150, 50, 33; id. only on advice of assessor, ao6; lashes (fl€>gging, 
scourging, whipping, etc), 4, 52, 61, 83, 5, 190. 31X9. aa<^ "S. »S«. 6, 174, 8, 
278, 303, 10, 19, 79, a97, 306, II, 57. 58, 63, 281, la, 95, 96, 16, 258, 326, ao, 
152, ai, io6, M, 149, 251, a3, 266, 27c^ as, 279, a6, 43, 120^ aj, $60, a8, 14, 
179, 223, 224, 255, 257, 258, 262, a9, 193. 30, 308, 3a, 63, 34, 4x0, 36, 19, 298, 
299, 38, 234, 246, 39, 139. x88, 198, 203, 278, 40, 29, 226, 231, 232, 239, 266, 
27a, 306, 307, 47, 15^, 49, a62, 50. 151, 166, 172, 177, 200^ 214, 217, 220^ 243, 
247, 257, 51, 86; bastinado, la, 191, 43, 158; suspension by arms, 5, 224; cut- 
ting of hair, 16, 258, ai, 106, 50, 33; torture, 18, 87, ai, 179, a9, 156, 226, 
256, 30, 192, 3a, 60, 36, 134. 37. 97. X83, 38, 130, 40, 272, 5». a5X ; marooning, 
I, 265, a, 150, 33, 67, 307; short rations of water, a, 62; cast into sea (keel- 
hauling, etc), 62, 63, 106; pounding rice, 47, 328. Capital (burned, decapi- 
tated, drowned, flayed, garroted, hanged, shot, stabbed, etc), I, 222, a, 32, Z12, 
144, 146, 148, 150, 153-155, 3, 90, m8, 287, 4, 7*. 83, 89, 5, 30^ X03, 105, 177-X87, 
6, 263, 7, 84-86, X04, 105, 108-XXZ, 124, 126, 179, 8, 97, 212, 10, ID, 73, 216, II, 
57, 166, X99, 20CS la, 24, 143, 304, 13, 1x8, 127, 128, 275, 281, 288, 289, 14, 14, 
43, 45, X30i 15, 36, 1X2, 233, 295, 16, 79, X20, X28, X98, 293, 295, 324, 326, 17, 
X2X, X83, X84, 290, 29X, 3x6, 18, 62, 65, 88, 89, 2x0, 2x8, 2x9, 257, 268, 277, 19, 
82, X27, 233, ao, 25, 26, x88, ai, X40, m, X45, X73, 2x8, a4, 95, 33X, 25, 25, 163- 
x66, 201-204, 258, 293, a6, 32-36, 38, 44, 87, X38, 288, a7, 22, 4X, 196, 3x0, a9, 
33, 8x, X43, X56-X58, 224, 244, 256, 30, X92, 244, 31. 76, a78. 3a, 29, 60i 34, ^5, 
X33, 147, 178, 405, 35, X48, x8o, x8x, 36, X34, X37, X93, 207, 242, 243, 292, 293, 
37, 34, 54, 83, 19X, 252, 263, 279, 38, 90, 93, 94, 99, X28, X30, X7X, 172, X79, z88, 
204, 209, 2x0, 39, X3X, 40, 8x, 85, X50-X52, 224, 271, 41, X2, X3, 69, 74, 85, »9^. 
4a, 250» 25X, 43, 62, 48, X2X, X4X, X44, X48, 49, X27, X72, 2x4, 215, 243, 253, 
267. 292, 328, 50, 33, X43, 279, 51, X3, 3X, 3^, 48, 5^, 57. 5», X27, 19X, 2x2, 251; 
cap. not in vogue among Viiayans, 5, X43 ; among Tag., X77-Z87 ; heads exposed 
in cage, 7, X04, X05, 40, 27X; not inflicted for cutting off hair, 7, 244; Chin, 
do not use gallows, a3, 270; seldom adjudge, 40, 356; garrote substituted for 
gallows, 51, 56, 57; abolition, urged, 36, X9, 298, 5a, 82. Crucifixion, 5, 223, 
"4, 9, 53, 10, 25, 14, 2x9, 229, 15, X2X-X23, 200. 

Ecclesiastical, inflicted by bp., 34, 356; for members of orders, reserved to 
their superiors, 39, 162; sec. priests threatened with, 50, 267; exemption from, 
4a, 305; excommunication, i, xox, xxo, 239, a, 268, 4, xo8, 5, 2ox, 6, 194, 7, 
X27, X28, X7X, X72, 8, X7X, 276, 277, 303, 10, 43, 79, 8o> 258, 13, 242, 276, 14, 
35, 17, 293, 18, X34, 300, 19, X56, ao, X28, ai, xo, 43, 66, 68-74, 80-83, 22, 
X07, a3, 268, a4, 36, X58, 203, 264, 265, 267, 269, as, 120^ X67, 175, i9x, 202, 



Penalties] INDEX 679 

324, MS, asi, 236, 243, 244. aso, 351, 368, 373, 375-378, 383, 306, S'S. 3«5, ^ 

3^. 37» 39» 42, 4«i 50* ^»» 66, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, xo3, 104, 105, 107, 137, ^7, 33, 
38, 34, j8, 37, 34, J9, 37, 50, 31, 49, 69, 343, 3a, 354, 34. 34f 437, 36, 161, 
163, 164, 37, »8i, 383, 38, 75, 197, 305, 39, 135, H^, «6», «^ «W, 167, X71- 
«73, 179, «83, 185, 188, X89, 306, 310, 313, 315, 316, 3x8, 333, 334, 346, 348, 360, 

363, 379, 38oi 384, 385, 390^ 397, 40, 9, 34, 38, 49, 26-30^ 4X, X09, xxo, X40^ X4X, 
330^ 364, 365, 376, 38s, 44, X56, 167, X7X, X87, X90i 45, 334, 4«, X9», H*, 249, 
49, 178, 179, »9o, 51, 306; reserved, 19, 15^, 4^, 3^; major, Ji, 66, 7X, J4, 

364, as, 383, 39, x63, X73, x83, x88, 348, 4 J, 36, 38-4X, 49, 54, 68, 78, xox; threat- 
ened, I, xox, xxo^ 7, X37, X7X, X73, 9, 350^ XI, 3x5, 14, 72, ^5, 28x, j6, 36; G. 
Perez Dasmarixiai petitioni power to remove, 8, 377; Benavides asked to im- 
pose, 13, X5, XX3; only pope can grant absolution from major, save at point of 
death, J4, 365; absolution from, 19, X56, 95, X87, 37, 30, j8, 38, 40^ 44, X7x; 
how major removed, 39, 172; immunity from, J5, 3xx, 3x3, 348, 38, 77; reserved 
to pope, J5, 3XX, 3X3, 30, xx8; censures and interdiot, 13, 34X, J4, 364, 39, 
x66, X69, 364, 365, j6, 94, 99, X04, X05, j8, 38, 34, 36, X64, 38, x8, 84, 39, 164, 
X72, 306, 3x3, 3x5, 333, 346, 366, 37X, 4a, 36-30^ 4X, 43, 77, 78, XXX, XX4, X36, 
X87, 33X (see also Eoc: Interdict) ; curses, J5, 38x, 38, X97, 305, 39, X35; expul- 
sion from rel. order, x8, 87, X90, J4, 95; suspension from office and ministry, 
91, 42, 43, 66, 68, 69, J4, 364, 365, 35, 358, 369, 379, 38x, j6, 34, 68, 90^ 96, 
X03, X05, J7, 34, 39, 98, 34, 338, 39, 363, 49, 35, 38, 43, 364, 50, X53, X53, X55, 
X56; forfeiture of vote and dignity, 94, 365, 36, x88; loss of income, 96, 96, 
99, 85, 39, 168, X74, 360, 49, 32, 44, 193 ; Io« of benefices, 36, x6x, 39, 2791 
seizure of goods, 39, x63; privation of church ceremonies, X73, X85, 3X3, 33X 
(see also above, interdict); public penance, X73, 303, 303, 3x9, 333, 367, 394; 
repute of schismatic, x83; apptmts. annulled, 344; delivery to sec. arm, 363; 
silence and seclusion (sometimes perpetual), 379, 393, 49, X87, x88, 45, X77, 
48, 192; entrance to church forbidden, 49, 37; expulsion from coll., 45, X77, 
X78, 305; transfer from miss., 333; penance, 47, X56; mortal sin, 48, 334, 348; 
see also Ecc; and Inquis. 

Why imposed: ecclesiastical - failure to observe rel. duties, x, 77, 9, 63, 98, X4, 
333, 334, 258, 40, 332, 49, x8o; heresy, X, 222, 5, 263, 13, X27, X28; blasphemy, 9, 
58, 62, 9x; heresy, 11, 200, 13, X28, 39, X98, 49, 26; irreverence, 13, x86; working 
on Sabbath, X92; disobedience to diocesan authority, 9i, xo, 66^ 68, 39, X39, X67, 
X71, X72, X79, X82, X85, 188, 207, 2x2, 234, 49, 27, 28, 35-40^ xox; granting abso- 
lution, 91, 42, 43; destroying ecc. notifications (posters), 71, 95, 283; ignorance 
of doctrine, 9i, 105, 106; demolishing coll., X35; going from Phil, to miss, of £. 
India, 94, 265; on miss's for not going to Phil, when sent there, 36, x88; con- 
cealing Chin, goods in convent, 95, 24; disregarding interdict, 224, 231, 236, 
243, 96, 62; disobedience to judge-conservator, 95, 23X; ringing bells too early, 
97, 26\ disobedience of bp., 99, 185; interference with ecc. sentence, 39, X35; 
trading by ecc persons, X62; intercourse with excommunicates, 239; exercise of 
jurisd. by banished abp., 26x; crime by prebend, 263; procedure against ecc 
persons, 49, 26-30; contumacy, 35, 38; curas exacting excessive fees, 63, 64; 
failure to confess and take communion, 45, 177; invading sanctuary, 48, X92; 
membership in native confraternity, 59, 92, 93. 

Govt, and political - violation of treaty, I, X29, 230-236, 239; neglect to declare 
finding of treasure, 9, 55, 56, 5, 227; sleeping at pott of duty, 9, 62; insubordi- 
nation, X22, 6, 239, 15, XX2, 91, xo, 66, 68, 69, 95, 258, 34, 404; violation of 
instructions and decrees, and disobedience to authority, 4, 3x7, 309, 8, 3x7, 9, 



68o THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Penalties 

Pbnaltiis (ooodnued) — 

3x5, io» a94. a9«-a98, S<Hf sxo, II, s^ S9t S^, 65, IJ, 46, 51-53, 13. a56-a6i, a6s> 
266, 267, 17, s^. aa, 219, 251, j6, 212, 294, J«, 179, 39. x60i 169, 174, X76-i79> 
41, 296, 4a, sa, S4, -4-4, a«5, aW, 46, 254, 4S, 256, 331, 49. xa7, ai4, 50. 73; 
malfeasance in office, official comipdoii, etc, 4, a74, 9, aSa, aS5-aS7, a94, a95, 
303-318, 6, 35-4X, 10, a94, 295, n, 7S» 75. S09, 19. 150^ a^. W, 44. X49. xso. 
x6o, 306, 48, 32, 33, 189, 250-252, 49, X93, 50, 266, 9a, 300; dbrespect and diio- 
bedience to chief, 5, i8z, 7, 173, 48, 148 ; disobedienoe in China, 34, 133 ; conspi- 
racy and treason, J, 144, 148, 154, 7, 84, 85, xa4-xxz, 9, Sa5. I3, a88, 14, 130, 
15, a95. 16, a93-a95. a99, ^, 157, ao5, 221, 224, 37. 37.*38, 188, 194. aio, 39. 
232, 237, 27X, 41, 13, 85, 4J, 251, 49. a53. a62, 292, 51. 54. 5^, 169, 191; hold- 
ing office illegally, 8, 189; failure of officials to attend Aud. meetinga, II, 38; 
officials leaving Manila without license, 56; officials not residing in PhiL, 17, 
35; officers extorting money from sold., 37; satirizing authorities, J8, 2x8, 39, 232; 
irregular apptmts., s8, 227; resigning office, 36, x6x; failure to report vacancies, 

38, 74; deferring acceptance of apptmt, 39, 244; disclosure of official records, 
4a, 29, 68, X09, xxo; non-paym't of trib., 5, X90, 223, 224, 6, 6x, a8, 255, 40, 
204; 48, 234; refusing duties of vassalage, 5, 290; unjust collections of trib^ 6, 
X75, 8, 28, 29, 3X, II, 34, 59, 72; failure to declare id^ 7, X2x; commuting^ id^ 
14, 278; proposing increase in id,, 48, 248; extortion of taxes in China, 19, 43; 
evasion of taxes, 44, 235, 237, 51, 230; imposition of tax, 50, X94; charging ex- 
cessive fees, 10, 307, II, 33, 44, 46, 48, 4a, 49, 54, 50, X53; failure to post court 
tariff, II, 53; failure to close accounts, 54; false accusation and perjury, etc^ 5, 
280, 286, 304, 314, 14, xx8, as, 30, 278, 279, 38, X30V 4a, 53; false witnesses 
escape, 40, 244; challenging judges, 5, 285; tardiness in court, 6, $6; absence 
from id., 40, 4x; allowing prisoners to escape, 37, 10, 295; failure to pay fine, 
7, X08-IX0; breach of contract, x84-none for u/., 43. 12$; illegal procedures in 
court, II, 23, 30, 32, 4X, 43, 45, 5x, 55; failure to give bonds, li, 47, 48, 17, 
39; leaving Phil, without permission, 7, 172, 10, 298, 300; favoring Chin., 9, 
324, 325; not securing licenses (Chin.), 16, X95; violating roy. patronage, ai, 
20, 22, 34, 413; meddling with roy. jurisd., 50, X52; using political books in 
schools, 51, 37; insurrection and mutiny, a, X54, la, X43, X55, X56, 13, 275, 281, 
14, xo, 14, 15, 36, 62, 78, 93, 94, 102, 233, 18, 65, 2x8, 9^, 2x8, a4, 33X, a7, 
40, 29, 245, 256, 36, X34, X93, 207, 242, 38, X2, 90, 93, 99, 204, 209, 2x0, 233, 

39, X3X, 41, X2, 69, 4a, 250, 48, X4X, X44, 248, 50, X43, 51, 3X, 32, 48, 51, 5a, 
X27 (complicity in), X75, 2x2; desertion, 10, 73, a7, 3x0, a9, X50, 35, X48; offense 
by mil. officer, aa, X49; carrying arms, 35, x8x; cowardice, 37> 83; retreat, 38, 
X7X. 

Regarding natives - breaking silence during mourning (tabu), 5, X39, X4X, la, 
24, 304, 40, 8x, 93; insults, 5, X45, x8x, 7, X79, 16, X28, X29, 326; moving, 7, 
X78; exercising witchcraft, X79, 34, 65; failure to raise fowls and swine, 10, 
302, 303, 309; disregarding and opposing native customs, li, 32, ai, X39; re- 
maining overnight in Manila, ii, 63; ill-treating natives, 17, 8x, as, 28, 34. 
254, S^it 60; failure to use and teach Span, lang., 45, 222, 46, 227, 279-28X; 
remaining among natives, 50, x66; too great intimacy with them, s^, 62; urged 
for disrespect to Span., 62; using opium, S'. 3^; loaning money to natives, S>. 
292, 295. 

Regarding Chinese - having godchildren, 11, 77; abandoning occupations, 78; 
bringing, to Manila, 16, X95; remaining overnight in Manila, X98; leaving 
Paridn, 36, 243 ; ill-treating Chin., 49. xS8, 189. 



Pefla] 



INDEX 68 1 



Regarding Japanese - carrying rel. to Japan, x8, aiS; leaving Japan, s6, a88; 
becoming Chris., JO, 25, 26, 31, 378. 

For various offences - illicit trading, smuggling, etc., x, 356, 257, 6, 267, 180^ 
a6i, 7. i53» «99» xo. a96, 307. 11. a^, 27, 58, 71, XJ, 60, 68, X3, 266, 14, 43, X7i 
»9, 3», S3, 34, 40^ 4«, 4a» 44, ^^, X73, ^4, 211, 269, 270, J5, «9» 3<^ 33, 35-37, 
120, 240, J7, Z62, 265, j8, 77, 30, 98, Z00-106, 44, 229, 252, 2di, 266, 268, 

309, 3«o, 3", 45, 31, 40, 60, 64, 83, 48, 189, 50, 155, 51, 37, 38, 54, 55, 5^, 
107; illegal shipment of money, 11, 277, 25, 35, 36, 44, 233, 242; making un- 
necessary additions to crew of gall., X7, 45; ships entering China, J J, 145; hiding 
Chin, goods in convents, 25, 24; trying to ship mdse. on rqy. ships from Spain, 
25; mfre. of wine, 18, 185; use of false meas., 24, 186; for smuggling, not 
feared, la, 68; arson, J, 122, x6, 326 (see also. Crimes; and Fires); murder, 
«, «50, 153, 3, 187, 4, 83, 5, X03, 143, 145, X51, 185, 224 (killing chief), 10, 10, 
16, 323-325, 18, 87-89, J4, 95, 165, j6, 36, J7, 22, J9, 143, 31, 75, 76, 3^, 
29, 43, 37, 47, 40, 85, 224, 356, 357, 43, 62, 123, 200, 44, 161; poisoning, J, 
>53, 3, 287; dueling, ii, 279; assault, 34, 405, 36, 293; running amuck, 48, 
i2x; maiming, 50, 33; piracy, 3, 259, 265, 11, 199, 13, 127, X5, 233, J9, 15^ 
226, 43, 200, 46, 56, 48, x6i; adultery and crimes of like nature, 3, 287, 4, 51, 
5, 12, IDS, 143, 151, 177, 179, 187, 7, 126, 182, II, 57, IJ, 294, 16, 79, JI, 2H, 
229, ^4, 330, 331, ^7, 3^ 30, 191, 3», 24, 34, X47, H8, 38, 75, 4©, 92, 149- 
»52, 353, 358, 372> 4a, 29, 43, 123, 45, 178, 5©, 33, 51, 55; breach-of-promise, 
5, 157-1591 40, 88, 89; divorce, 7, 183, 34, 320; immoderate living, 4, 66; dis- 
honesty, 83; theft, etc, 5, X43-147, »85, 16, 128, 325, 326, 34, 280, 293, 38, 94» 
40, ISO, 43, 158, 49, 50, 267, 328, 50, 33; gambling, 5, 305, 16, 246, a6, 
90, 45, 177, 49, 179; debt, 6, 192, 10, 293, 294, li, 62, 16, 124, 128, J4, 3«6, 
a6, 112, ^9, 282, 34, 280, 40, 35«, 354» 3^0^ 4^, 302, 49, 213 (see also Slaves) ; 
counterfeiting and clipping coins, 11, 57, 49, 172. Cutting off hair, 7, 244; 
breaking oath, 9, 178, 13, 276; becoming stowaway, 10, 299, 300; infringing 
copyright, 15, 32, 34, 179; extortion from, and maltreatment of, sailors and deck- 
hands, J5, 28, 34, 35; pilot, for loss of ship, J7, 196; sending pepper and ginger 
plants from Orient, 34, 196; disregarding curfew, 40, 29; taking books from 
coll. library, 45, 178; teachers, for breaking contracts, 46, 19, 90; receiving tips, 
178; non-attendance at school, 295, 298; cutting public roads, 309; neglecting 
agrlc, 47, 328; retaining doc, 48, 137; non-attendance at ceremonies, 49, x8o. 
See also Crimes; and Fil.: Characteristics, and Morals. 

Peninsulas: Manila built on, 3, 148; Calumpan, 16, 257; Himologin, Ji, 232; 
Iberian, i, 22; Malacca, 34, 171; Malay, i, 25, 4, i3«, 3i, 102, 40, 38, 43, "4f 
185; San Agustin, 203; Sibuguey, j8, 96, 43, 285; Sorsogon, 37, 260; Tayabas, 
44, 39; Zambales, 30, 263. 

Pens: materials used in, 13, 96, 46, 322; used by Fil., i, 44; their use, 30, 307. 

Pensions. See Rev. 

Pena, Alf. — (Span, officer) : accompanies Aug., J4, 137. 

Pens, Francisco (auditor of Rota) : writes to Fel. Ill, 14, 228. 

Pena, Francisco de la, S.J.: labors in Bohol, 36, 55. 

Pena, Capt. Gabriel de la: Mor. slay, 41, 313. 

Pena, Juan de la: his encom., 8, 107; Chin, slay, 14, 138. 

Pena, Juan de, O.S.A.: goes to Spain, J4, x6o. 

Pena, LtScas de la, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 1x2, XX4. 

Pena, Capt Pedro de la (native in Span, service): commands post, 38, X9x; aban- 
dons posts, 37, 280^ 38, X93, X94; hanged, 2xa 



682 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pcfia 

Pcfia, Pedro de la (Spin, naval officer) : ciffotimHu i iC i a led, 39» tt$ ; aids Dool, 43, 61. 

Pefia, Pedro de la, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 56, 166. 

Pefia Bonifaz, Juan Manuel de la (oidor and gor., sd tmUrim^ of PhiL, 16^1-69): 
arrives at Manila, 37, 339; opposes Sakedo^ 263; plots and usurps govt, 
9, 30-42, 268-274; takes presents from comm'y of Inquis^ 31; maintains private 
guard, 33; hb conflict with Aud^ 34'45i 5o» 5^ 53f 60-62; embezzles funds^ and 
bribes various persons, 41-43; grants rewards, 41, 44; hostile to officials, 45, 52- 
54, 270^ 27Z, 4 J, 165; Patemina rules, 37* 58; his life threatened, 27a; burdens 
natives, 280; takes refuge in Fran, convent, 17, 278; ooun. of Indias condeooms, 
279; sketch, 30; characterized, 36, 56, 273, 274. 

Pena Maoeda, Capt Pedro de la: arrives at Manila, 37, 228. 

Penafiel, Miguel de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 129. 

Pefialosa (Pefialossa) — (ensign) : his encom., 8, 1x6. 

Penalosa, Gonzalo Ronquillo de. See Ronquillo de Pefialosa. 

Penalosa, Joan de: memorandum by, 3, X3a 

Pefialver, Domingo de, S.J.: his labors, 44, 45-47. 

Pefiaranda, Conde de (president of coun. of Ind.) : relation sent to^ 37, Z77. 

Penaranda, Adj. Jos^ Maria (gov. of Albay and miL engineer): defrauded of 
money, 36, 302, 303; his travels and works, 51, 55, 56; promotes agricL, 56; 
makes ezped. to Masbate, 62; establ. signal code, 62; builds roads, 65. 

Pefiol (vill. in Cebti) : pop., 5, 39. 

Peralta, Alonso de (ale-may.): warned of insurrection, 38, 159, 183; reports 
natives peaceful, x6i; calls ooun. of war, x86; rel. petition, x86; takes part in 
campaign, 187, 189, 190; troops undisciplined, 189; abandons prov., 192, 192, 294. 

Peralta, Diego, O.S.A.: accompanies Tuy exped., 14, 309. 

Peralta, Estiban de, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 123, 133, 146, 158, 159. 

Peralta, Gaston de (Marqu^ de Palmes, viceroy of N. Espafia, 1566-69) : Legazpi 
petitions, 3, 51-53; report sent to, 71, 72; sends Legazpi's relation to Spain, 70; 
despatches advice-ship, 131; sketch, 44. 

Peralta, Geronimo de: acts as witness, 14, 44, 191. 

Peralta, Capt Gregorio de: despatched to Malonor, 38, 22a 

Peralta, Mateo de, O.S.A.: elected visitor, 34, 41; sketch, 4a. 

Peraza, Adj. Alonso de: his post and salary, aa, 233, 234. 

Percumenia, Augusto (Fil. in Span, service): commands reenforcement, 49, 119. 

Peres, Martin de, O.S.A.: app. yisitor, 24, 52. 

Perea, Capt. Mateo Lopez de: 39, 241, 276. See Lopez de Perea. 

Perea, NicoUs de, O.S.A.: accompanies Villalobos, J, 59; signs official act, 262, 268. 

Pereira, Licen. — : physician in Macaa, J5, 272; ordained a sec. priest, 272. 

Pereira (Pcreyra), Andres, S.J.: life and labors, la, 32, 35-37, 42, 15, 270, 272, 

16, 282, 284. 

Pereira, Antonio, S.J.: life and labors, IJ, 203, 225, 232, 276, 280, 287, 16, 246, 

17, 15, »40. 

Pereira, Gonzalo (father of Antonio): lives in Siao, 17, 240. 

Pereira (Pereyra) Mamarraque, Capt Gonzalo (Gonzalo, Guongallo, Port offi- 
cer) : negotiations with Legazpi, and eflfort to prevent Span, colonization of 
Phil., J, 22, 244-329, 3, 16, 28, 29-32, 34-38, 40, 42, 44-49, 70, 72, 209, 223-226, 
4, 226, 7, 79, 34, 28, 30, 220-222, 222, 290; sunmions king of Temate to aid 
him, J, 266, 267; his fleet and forces, 3> 34« 37, 34* iS, 222; raises blockade, 3» 
38; death, 4, 226; letters by, J, 245-248, 259-272, 285-290, 299-304, 322-326, 
3«9. 320, 322-324* 



Perez] INDEX 683 

Pereira, Jheronimo (Port capt) : diiobeys decree, 7, 79. 

Pereira, Gabriel (director of Bibliotheca Nadonal, Lisbon) : thanked, I, 17. 

Perejrra, Capt — : takes part in Moluccan campaign, 6, 70^ 71. 

Periyra, — , S.J.: helps found Misericordia, J8, 125. 

Pereyra, Capt Duarte (Port officer) : his promise to Moluccan, x6, 344. 

Perelld, — , S.J.: labors at Libuac, 43, 344. 

P6rez, — (minor son of S. P^rez) : his encom^ 8, 1x9. 

Perez, Adrian: acts at witness, 8, 185, 194, 195. 

Pirez, Albaro: his encom., 8, 136. 

Perez, Antonio, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 90. 

Perez, Bartolome (pilot): reports adventures of Noordt, 16, 66^ 68; captured by 

Eng^ 68. 
Perez, Benito, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 85. 
Perez, Benito, O.S.A. (parish priest at Matan) : erects tablet to Magalhaes (1843), 

I, 325, 326. 

Perez, Bernardo (Bemaldo, Span., Kt of ord. of Christ, and Port deputy) : enters 
Port service, i, az6; takes oath, 174; removed, 175. 

Perez, Domingo, OJ'.: life and labors, 37, 229, 38, 229-239, 41, 25, 26, 249-253, 255, 
43, ", 37. 38, 50-55, 69, 47, 33»; relation by, x8, 19, 289-332. 

Perez, Francisco^ S.J.: arrives at Manila, 44, 56. 

Perez, Gabriel, O.P.: sketch, 14, 86. 

Pirez (Perez), Capt Gaspar: his depositioo, 4, 159; his encom., 8, X07; attends 
coun., 9, 122, la, 31; signs resolution, 9, 132, 136; attacks Jap., 10, 2xx; directs 
lading, 266; arrested, 267; repulses Mor., 15, 266, J7, 192; opposes Chin, in- 
surgents, 16, 36, 37. 

Perez, Hieronimo, S.J.: composes drama, ai, 340. 

P6rez, Juan: encom. assigned to, 34, 306. 

Perez, Melchor (roy. artillery-founder): collects pay-checks, J6, 187, x88; ap- 
praises booty, 29, 136. 

Perez, Miguel, O.S.F.: petitions Pel. IV (2636), J6, 19, 2a 

Perez, Capt NicoUs: breaks up Chin, procession, 4 J, 198, 199. 

Perez, Capt Salvador: commands infantry, 35, 245. 

Perez, Sebastiin: his son, 8, 1x9. 

Perez, Tomas (Thomas, notary) : official acts, 7, 96, 1x5, 8, X95, 196. 

Perez de Arroyo, Christoval (roy. fiscal): imprisonment, 48, X37, X4X ; marriage, 
and death, X38. 

Perez de Baltasar, Garci (Span, official) : wrecked, 17, X30. 

Perez Dasmarinas (de las Marinas, de las Marinas, Das Marinas), Gomez (gov. 
of Phil., X 590-93) — 

In general: app. gov., 7, X5, X37, 8, x86, 187, 3x2, 15, 13, 65, 19, X93; suc- 
ceeds Vera, 6, 75, 16, 245; takes settlers and projects settlement, 7, X55, 9, 60; 
arrives in Phil., 7, 208, 8, 268, 30, X7, 253; his powers and duties, 8, 37, 73, 
X50, X5X, x88, 305, 3x3, 3x4, J5, X37, X38, X4x; his jurisd. human, 8, 63; exceeds 
his powers, 67; petitions authority rdg. marriage, 282; his salary, J7, X22; 
money paid to, in N. Espana, 9, 220; suppresses Aud., 7, 252, 51, 299; establ. 
justice in Masbate, 8, 36; apptmts. by, 279, li, 99, xox, 14, 3x3; advises re- 
moval of Rojas, 8, 309; creates new office, 11, X03, 274. Death (slain by Chin.), 
7, «37, 9, 9, 86, "5, "6, X33, X54, 244, 260, 270, 3xx, 10, X99, 2x4, ii, 304, 13, 
284, 14, 40^ 15, 70, 77, 16, 260, 31, 75, 99, X79; his death prophesied, 39, 26; 
his loss mourned, 15, 73, 74, 16, 262; Span, demand satisfaction for his death. 



684 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pcrcz 

Perez Dasmaunas, Gomix (ooodiiiied) — 

19, 77. Sketch, 7, 137, 17, aS7; hit autograph* 9> 7> ^91 opiniont rdg^ I, 5a, 

7, 261; characterized, 25a, 253, 9, 115, 118, 312, 16, 24S, 263; praised, 19, 19, 
i93i i94t 256-258; his successors, 9, 9, X2, 86, 257, 14, 292; app. his successor, 
X5» 39t 72} 16, 262; Tello follows his policy, 10, 246; his nephew, 199. 

Military affairs; makes reforms io, 34, 403-307; recruits troops in Spain and 
Mex., 8, 268, 15, 65, 34, 406, 448; his guard, 7, 253; allowable to wage war 
on Zambals, 8, ao6, 207; constructs Manila walb and fortifications, 271, 293, 9, 
243, 244, 269, x6, 245, 246, 34, 3Z, 406; levies tax for fortification, 37, i8x, 35, 
z88; forms camp in Manila, x6, x6o; establ. regular army, 172, 34, 2x8; entrusts 
conquest of Mindanao to Rodriguez de Figueroa {q.vJ), 10, 2x9, xi, X35, 19, X5, 
90, 41, 278; his abortive exped. against the Moluccas, 9, X63, 3x1, 15, 68-71, 
16, 20, 247-261; complains of sold., 34, 31; asks rewards for sold., 3X, 407; 
constructs galleys, 8, 239, 9, 244; how manned, 10, 213, 214, 16, 257; no. of 
his ships, 15, 267, 16, 256; his flagship, 257; his fleet divided, 257; mutiny on 
his ship, 259; attitude toward Fil., 8, xz, 288; Fil. complain of, 66\ his contro- 
versy, etc, rdg. trib., 7, 265-318, 8, 25-69, X49-X67; increases trib., 14, 247; 
imposes tax, 8, 271, 309, 9, 230; his method of raising money, 16, 246; con- 
structs magazines, 8, 270; improves PhiL, 9, XX7, xz8; moves Chin, from Manila, 
231, 10, 259; warned against Chin., 16, 249; threatens Chin, rowers, 258; 
despatches exped. to explore Tuy, 9, xox, 14, 282, 283, 287, 289, 3x9, 320; his 
reasons for despatching it, 307-309. Oidors and others opposed to, 8, X70, X7Z, 
3x0, 16, 248, 249; confers with Rios Coronel, 9, 3x1; various official actt^ 8, 

77, 83, »95, 9, 33, »7, "2. 

Trade relations', recommends trade with Macao, 8, X4; despatches ship to id^ 
14, 177, z8z, 183; opposed to Chin, trade, x8; regulates it, 37, xxx; duties im- 
posed by, 8, x8, X70, 253; buys amber, 275; establ. monopoly, 11, xoa, 34, X92. 

Relations vnth ecclesiastical persons; his dispute with Bp. Salazar, 7, 265-3x8, 

8, xo, XX, X3, 25-69, X49-X67, X70, X7X, 27X, 274-28X, 15, 75, 30, 254, 255, 31, 49, 
51, 299; consults rel, 8, 9, 4X, 47, 48, X56, X57, X99, 24X, 29X-297, 9, 63; not 
partial to Aug., 8, xo; favors them, 60; defends Jes., xo; not aided by them, 39; 
Chirino accompanies, 13, X75; asks cooperation of rel. estate, 8, 20; meddles 
with ecc. authority, 6x, 62, 67; opposed by rel., 239, 272, 293-295, 9, xx, 64, 30, 
254-256, 262, 33, 36, 34, 3X, 4x0, 4xx; rel. incites to Moluccan exped., x6, 247; 
excommunicated, 8, 272, 9, 228; petitions power to remove excom., 8, 277; re- 
quests miss's, 9, xo, XX ; asks for rules for girls' sem., 8, 238; aids it, 9, X37, 13, 
253, 38, X23, X89, 45, 305, 47, X34 (see also Manila: Sta. Potendana) ; ordains 
rules for hosp., 8, 245; reconstructs cathedra], 9, 220 ; order rdg. tithes given to, 229. 

Foreign relations; with Japan, 8, 233, 266, 267, 9, 23, 36, 53, 54, X22, X48, 14, 
219, 15, X28, 30, X2x; with Cambodians, 9, X63, 15, 79, 16, 254, 255, 264; with 
king of Siao, I3, 203, 17, 3x8. His admin, and services, 15, 65-72, x6, 245- 
247, 30, 253, 254; his admin, approved by king, 8, 304, 306. 

Instructions, orders, etc; to, 7, X5-X8, X4X-X72, 320, 8, xo, 35, X78, X86-X90 (his 
commission), 302, 305, 306, 308, 9, X7, xxo, 234, 236-240^ 243, 244, 254, 268, I3, 
48, 49, 14, 159, ai, 9, X9-33, 98-100, 36, 296, 34, 4"-4i4f 434f 45, a54, a^8; 
id., by, 8, X2, 27-32, 78-95, x8x, 3x9, 9, 32, 33, 182, 14, 3"-3i3. 45, 250; con- 
tract by, 8, X2, 73-77, 319, 9, X94, X95; rules for hosp., 8, X7, 245-249, 320; war- 
rant by, 14, 3x0; letters to, 7, 288-294, 304-3". «, ao, 2x, 25-27, 32-34, 38. 39, 
50-69, 262, 263, 30X-311, 320, 9, 30-32, 36, 37, X22, X23, 34, 4«o; letters, reports, 
etc., by, 7, 294-300, 8, X3, X4, x6-20, 25-27, 34-50, 65, 68, 69, 96, X42-X73, 236- 



Perez] INDEX 685 

244, 252-254, 259, a6i, 263-297, 301, 307, 319, 320^ 9, 10-12, 3Sf 55> 5«-7S, 76-7«. 
86, 120, 148, 230» 327, XO, 236, 14, $2%, 324, JO, 237, 34, 30, th 403-4". 45a. Sa, 
332; letter delivered to, 7, 251; encloset vmriout doc. to FeL II, 8, 165, 242, 253, 
9, 65; orders copies of doc, 8, 195; petitions, etc, presented to, 7, 301-304, 8, 
174, 178, 185, 268, 15, 79; orders translation of letter, 8, 261; licenses printing, 
53, II. 

Perez Dasmamnas (Das Marifias, de las Marinas, de las Marifias), Lub (Lu3rs, 
son of preceding, gov. of Phil., ad interim, 1593-96) — 

In general: conducts Tuy exploration exped., 8, 242, 14, 21-23, 282-287, 289, 
292, 309-3i3> 3«9, 15, 67, 19, a87, 30, 291, 47, 29; Mendoza seeks, 14, 287, 
289; takes part in Moluccan exped., 9, 133; app. lieut of fleet, 15, 68, 16, 256, 
257; recalled to Manila after death of father, xi, 236, 15, 72; succeeds his 
father as gov., 9, 9, 12, 86, 126, 154, 275, 15, 73. 74, 77. I^, «^a. a^3, 17, »««. 
19, 194; accepts governorship only when urged by Dom., 31, 148, 149; answer 
for his father, 9, 205; desires to continue Moluccan exped., x6, 263; seeks res- 
titution from Chin, king for death of father, 264; negotiations with Cam- 
boja, his attempted expeditions thither (goes in person after being relieved of 
govt, by Tello), and his hardships, 9, 86, 161-180, 265, 10, 17, 18, 44, 216, 217, 
226-235, XI. 304, 14. 81, X5, 78, 79. 8», 160-169, 180-190, 16, 264, 268, 269, 19, 
196-198, M, 218, a7. III, 190^ 31, II, la. 77. 78. "a, "3. "7, "8, 122, 130, 
131, 3a, 267; recalled by Tello, 15, 168; Siamese send presents to, 9, 165, 166, 
X5, 81; other exped. despatched by, 265, 266, xo, 245, X4, 292, 298, 304, 320, 
15, 77> 78; feasts chief from Tuy, X4, 298; favors Manila hosp., 9, 94, 14, 262; 
friendly to, and gov. by friars (mainly Dom.), 9, 269, X5, 81, 131, 31, "8; his 
connection with Misericordia, 10, 28, j8, 125, 47, 12, 24, 25, 29, 42, 71; tries 
to promote Jes. sem., xo, 252, xx, 283; aids Jes., X3, 277; his confessor, 19, 185; 
sends Soria to Cagayan, 281; grant to Dom., 30, 144; petitions Dom., 271, 280; 
grant to Chin. Chris., 229; Salvatierra's request of, 3X, 71; sustains apptmts. 
of defunct bp., 72; miraculously cured, 3J, 20; his rel. fervor, 25; purveyor of 
Sta. Potenciana, 47, 26, 27; holds coun. of war, 9, 122, 131; his financial status, 
13, 204, 205, 259-262; begs roy. aid, 259-262, xo, 17; investigates treas., 9, 266; 
depletes treas., xo, 275; oflfers office to Rios Coronel, 9, 300; persuades him to 
write to Fel. II, 300-302; offices fall vacant during his term, ix, 99; apptmt. by, 
^7, 228, 229 ; his govt, characterized, 9, 269, 270 ; inexperienced in gov., 275. Tello 
succeeds as gov., 16, 268; T. imprisons, 10, 10, 45; urged for post of gov. by 
roy. apptmt, 15, 165, 196, 199; his residence, la, 143; encom. assigned to, 34, 
306; his rights to Binondo, 5a, 346; kills native woman, 34, 280; fights against 
Chin, insurgents (1603), X4, 120, 122, 123, 16, 35-37, 3I> x86, 187; slain by 
them, la, 143, 150, 14, 123, 138, 16, 38. 293, 19, 199, 37, 190; sketch, 9, 86, X7, 
287; portrait, 30, 227; characterized, 9, 19, 269, 275; praised, xo, 164-166. 

Letters, reports, etc: by, 8, 17, 250, 251, 320, 9, 12-15, 18, 20, 86, 87, 125-130^ 
132-135, 137-143, X93-ao7, 259-262, 299, 300, 303, $iS'S2St 32%, 329, xo, 23, 28- 
40, 233, 234, 317, II, 302-305, 3x8; letters to, 9, 194, 197, 31, 77; decrees pre- 
sented to, 9, 156, 159; acts by, 45, xox, 1x2, 113; signs doc, 9, x6o; asks rept. 
of Beloso, X70, 171, X73; petitions presented to, 174; petition by, 10, 47; in- 
structions given by, 9, i8i-x88, 328; instructions given to, 14, 309-3x3; makes 
contract with Tello, 15, 258. 

Perez Descalona, Joan (notary) : official act; ao, 303. 

Perez Franco, Andres (Span, officer) : his services, 19, 113, 114, aa, 255, 256, a4, 
256, a6, 148; app. warden, aa, 23a 



686 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pcrcz 

Pirez de Guzman, Alfonso (Span, capt) : founds noblt house, 33, a9a 

Perez de Helquera, CapL Juan Bautiita: his enoonu, Ja, 319, aaa. 

Perez de Matta, Diego, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 90. 

P6rez de Montalbin, Dr. Juan: cited, 37, 152. 

Perez de Nueros^ Geronimo, S.J.: life and labors, J J, 300. 

Perez de Serna, Juan (abp. of N. Espafia) : excommunicates Ticeroy, ao, lay. 

Perez de Tagle, Pedro: represents Phil, in Span, oortes, 51, aSi. 

Perez Tagle, Santos (Span, officer) : arrested, 44, 249, 150. 

Pbrfumbs — 

In general: abundant in China, 6, an; found in Phil, 34, 385; Fil use, 3, 
300, 16, 78, Z33, 33, 123; Fil. fond of, 5, 119, 33, i6x; as offering and sacri- 
fice, IJ, 268, 16, 131, 40, 166; used at death, la, 303, x6, 233, 33, 175; sent 
to sick man, 165, 167; made from decayed wood, 34, 171; used in hair lotions^ 
40, 60; herbs worn as, 43, 290; used in churches, 44, 109; kept an iron vases, 
34, J87; in trade, J, 68, 69, 142, 238, 3, aT©, 6. 3»«» l^, «77, «9, 7*» 39» 302. 

£»iim/rtf /r^ - aljonjoli oil (^.v.), 16, 78; ambergris, 41, 295; Benzoin, 27, 
96; civet (obtained from civet cat), a, 69, 7, 53, 34, 190^ la, 2x2, 3x3, 16, X05, 
228, 19, 2x6, 282, 25, 49, »7, 9^. »98, a8, 92, 98, a9, 288, 308, 30, 79, 3-4, 5©, 
X73, 36, 20X, 38, 28, 41, 242, 243, 44, 302, 49, 37-39 (see also Manunab: civet 
cat); incense, 40, 2x9; musk, a, 68, 3, 57, 58, 6, 217, 224, 7, 53, 54, X9<^ 15, 
293, 16, 78, X79, 228, 303, 17, X29, 19, 307, 308, 3x0, 3x4, as, 49* ^7, 88, 93, 
198, a9, 306, 307, 30, 79, 33, i6x, 34, X37, i73, 36, 202, 37, 47, 40, 60; myrrh. 
33, X75; rose water, J6, 303; sandalwood, 34, x66; sperm whole secretion, 41, 
295; storax (camangman) f S9, 302, 16, X33, 5a, 335 (see also Guns and resins). 

Perioo (port near Panama) : its depth, 48, 333. 

Pericon, — : a, X49. See Sanchez Perioon. 

Periodicals (newspapers, journals, bulletins, and magazines) — 

In general: importance, 5a, 67; importance of Span, for Phil. stu4y, X38. Ad- 
visable to found papers in Phil., 5a, 85; first published in Phil., 17, 300^ 51, 33; 
first weekly in Manila, 17, 303; first daily id*, 306; other papers in, 30X, 304, 51, 
46, 48; many founded in PhiL, 5a, 2x3; increase in Phil., 2x5; have evil effects 
on Fil., 45, 294; censorship urged, 5a, x8, 67; censorship, 139; foreign, an in- 
jury, 67; Fil. establ., X39; demands of Span., 174; Span., aid radicals, 255; atti- 
tude of Span., toward rel. orders, 277; industrial, founded, 3x2; files of Manila, 
53, 43, 53 ; journal, cited, 40, X79. 

Enumerated" A mer, Aniig. and Orient Journ^ 34, 167. Atner, Hist, Rev,, 
5a, x88. Amsterdam Gazette, 47, x8, 270, 276. Ang Kalayaan, 5a, X76. At- 
lantic Monthly, 35, 166, 39, 162, 43, 284, 5a, 155, 187. Ausland, 14, 303. 
Aviso al publico, 51, 33. Boletin oficial de Filipinas (continuation of Diario 
Iq.v.']), 46, 130, 5a, 138. Boletin oficial del Ministerio de Ultramar, 53, xo8, xxx. 
Boletin de la Soc. Geog, de Madrid, 34, X51. Bollettino della Soe, Geog. ItaL, 
33, 303. Buddhism, 36, zoo. Bulletin of Amer. Geog, Soc, 1, 297. Bulletin 
of Bureau of Labor, 46, 329. Bulletin de GeograpMe, 49, 63. Comercio (two 
papers), 53, 138. Cornhill Mag,, i, 75. Correo, 53, 192. Correo Sino-Anamita 
(Annamita), 43, 8x, 48, 74. Dmly Advertiser, 49, 71. Defensor de Fil,, 53, 
X93. Democracia, 43, 311, 48, 25, 27, 339, 5a, x8o, 192. Diario de Manila, 17, 
304, 46, 130, 5a, X38, 145. Dublin Mag,, 47, 252, 49, 54, 57, 75, xocx Dun's 
Intern, Rev., 53, 358. Epoca, 46, 335. Espana y Amir,, 33, X28, 5a, X76. 
Espafia Oriental, 5a, 152. Esperanxa, 17, 304. Field of Mars, 49, 54, xoo, 3x8. 
Filantropia, 51, 46. Gaceta de Manila, 46, 8x, 130, 166, 182, x88, X97, 333, 234, 



Peru] INDEX 687 

^S^t ^39» 355> 9^1 i5>- Gentleman's Mag,, 49, 54, 59, 100, 309. Grito del Pueblo^ 
5J, 165. Harper's Monthly^ 17, 312. Heraldo, 5a, 19a. Iglesia Fil. Inde- 
pendiente, 45, 235. Iluitracion FiL, 45, 289. Imparcial, 5J, 192. Independencia, 
5a, 180. /otfTfi. 0/ Amer, Folk-Lore, 45, 271. Jonrfi. of Ass'n of Mil. Surg,, 16, 
I34t I7f ^7* Juventud^ 5 J, i8a Kaiholischer Missionen, IJ» 25. Liberal, 5a, 
201. lAbertas, 48, 28» 5a, 171. London Chronicle, 49, 54, 59, 75, 100^ 309, 326, 
328. London Ganette, 49, 54, 59, 75, loa London Mag,, 49, 49, 54, 57, 75, loa 
MacMillan's Mag,, a4, 243. Mercantile Reg,, 5a, 311. Mercure de France, 48, 
23 5t 49> >94i 295t 50, 310. 3fi/r. Monthly, 48, 208. A", ifm^. J^^^ 5a, 165, 
234, 241, 255. Noticiero (Noticioso) Fil,, 45, 271, 51, 46, loa Nuestro Tiempo, 
46» 128, 355, $2, i6st 180, 226. Oceania Espan,, 5a, 138, 201. Official Gazette 
(Amer. at Manila), 46, 369. Outlook, 44, 72. Patria, 5a, i8a Periddico Heb- 
domadario Escolar, 34, 181, 183, 451. Phil, Joum. of Science, 51, 80, 5a, 350, 
351. Plaridel, 5a, 178. Politica de Esp, en Fil,, % 68, 45, 168, 169, 271, 289, 
46, ISO, 50, 297, 298, 5a, 9a, "^. »4«, 14a, X45t I47f »Sa, ^S^, '^a. '64, 165, 176, 
192, 206, 358. Pol, Set, Quar,, 45, 133, 183, 46, 281, 327, 344, 371, 5a, 156, 159, 
165. Porvemr FiL, 5a, 138. Precios corrientes, 17, 303, 51, 70, 71, 5a, 3x2. 
Ramillete Patriotico, 51, 46. Registro mercantil, 51, 48. Renacimiento, 43, 98, 

3x0^ 46, 366» 37«. 5»» is6f »59. i7^f «8o, 185, 188. Revista Aug,, 34. 4^31 43, 
X03. Revista de Fil,, i, 41, 50, 147, 5a, 138. Revista Hist, de FiL, 34, 184. 
Revue des deux Mondes, 37, 171, 45, 286, 5a, 136, 171. Revue Hispanique, 48, 
268. Revue militaire de PEtranger, 5a, 194. Rosary Mag,, 5a, 286. Scots Mag,, 

49, 27. 35, 54, 58, 63, 71, 78, »34» 135, 3iOb 3«9, 3*8, 347. Seminario Fil,, 17, 
304. Solidaridad, 5a, 176, 178, x8z-x83, 203, 226, 243. Springfield Rep,, 5a, 165. 
United Service, 11, 229. Universal Mag,, 49, 54, 57, 75, 78, zoa Fo» Espanola 
{Fon de EspaHa), 5a, 138. Yale Rev,, 1, 34a Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft fur 
Erdkunde »u Berlin, 33, 319. 

Pernambuco (Fernanbuco, Ffernanbuc, Port colony in Brazil) : held by Port., a, 
28, 29; its gov. ransomed, ao, 59; cottonseed exported from, 9a, 3x7; hist., ao, 149. 

Perouse, Jean Francis Galaup de. See Galaup de Perouae. 

Perry, Lieut. — (Amer. officer) : avoids attack from Joloans, 43, 190. 

Perry, Alexis: makes list of earthquakes at Manila, 50, 39. 

Persia: its discovery, i, 208; in Span, demarcation, 200; claimed by Port, a, 273, 
274; way-station, 15, 75; products, 16, 184, 19, 316; coins, 3x6; trade center, 
a7, 88, 90; trade in, I, 159, 9, 1x5, 16, X84, 228, a7, 96, 36, 205; Manila forbid- 
den to trade with, 44, 30X ; its imports from Manila, 47, 257; Port, in, i, X59, 
22, 305; allied with Span., 29; Dutch in, 35, X53; Corpus Christi celebrated in, 
ao, xox; Aug. in, a3, 261; Rec. desire to evangelize, 41, X48. 

Persians: occupy Malay Archip., 16, 222; dominate India, 40, 307; reside in Ma- 
nila, 44, 29; their trade with various peoples, 16, 223, a7, 82, 92, X50, 30, 56. 

Persons (public) : term how applied, 8, 200. See also Offices and officials^ 

Peru (Pen!i, Pirn, Piru, Pyru, Span, colony, now independent country in S. A.) : 
called 'Tas Antillas," 4, 50; £. of Manila, 7, 221; Phil, distant from, 10, 207; 
location, 22, X27; size, 14, 46; ports in, 43, 85; coca used in, la, 303; bihau 
culture in, 18, X77; vineyards in, X85; foxes in, ai, 3xx; silver money in, 18, 
340; its yield of precious metals, 27, X72, X73; foundries in, ao, X09; pearl- 
fisheries, 23, X83; brandy mfrd. in, 50, 220. Pop., compared to that of China, 
4, 53; increases, la, 62, 63; reasonable, 4, X05, xo6; reduced to settlements, 9, 
239; Indians of, use linens, I, 69; luxury in, la, 63; many poor in, la, 65; pov- 
erty increases, 30, 78; Indians ill-treated, 19, 254. Its conquest, a, 48; subject 



688 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pcru 

Peru (continued) — 

to Spain, 7, 216, 3-4, S38 ; viccroyi, 4, S«4» 7» «9, S«7. S«8f lO, 173, 13, aaS, I4f 
168, 18, 295, 19, 341, Jl, 96, 97» ^3, 44, a^. »«9. 34, 39«» 39, X9Xf X9a; Pro- 
tector of Ind^ in, 8, 304.; decreet sent to, 318; rpy. patronage in, a6, 129; aub- 
ttitute deputies allowed to ait in Span, cortes for, 51, 190; retidenti of PhiL may 
not go to, 5, 283; pauporta to, prohibited, 17, 232, 133; enoom. assigned in, JJ, 
276; expenses of Chile paid from, 27, 234, 241. Ships and exped. sail from, 3, 
III, 9, 272, 19, 196, J4, 166; fleet returns to, 7, 67; Mendafia's widow returns 
to, 9, 272, 273; ships in, 13, 221, 14, 57, 18, 50, 34, 53; ships of, captured and 
plundered, 7, 53, ii, 193, 13, 116, J J, 67; ships from, with Acufia, la, 54; 
artillery sent to, 4, 314, 315; id. ordered for, 7, 89; reinforcements sent to Phil, 
from, 19, 26, 260, 35, 26; money sent from, 11, 118, 276, 277; id, sent to, I a, 
59; id, lacking in, 67; relations with Phil., 5, 11, 26, 30, 31, la, 73; scientists in, 
51, 76. Jurisd. of ordinaries in, 36, 252, 37, 210, 211; rule rdg. epis. visitation 
in, 152, 153, 158, 167; grants to Aug. in, 9, 108, 109; miss, labors, etc., in, xi, 
191, ai, 10, IX, a4, loz, 36, z68, 37, 198; miss, compared with those of Phil., 36, 
X76; miss's sent from, a4, 123; Indian churches in, la, 64; wine furnished to 
ecc. persons in, 14, 155; cross broken up and preserved as relics, a3, 183. Rela- 
tions with peoples of other nations - Drake and Candish along coasts of, 4, 3x3, 
7t 53t 66, 67, II, 149, 15, 63; Dutch hostilities in and near, 11, 164, 25X, x8, 
50^ 19, 2x5, aa, 128; id. carry on illicit trade in, 47, 234. See also Com.; and 
Peruvians. 

Perugia (Italy) : Aug. general chap, held in (z6o6), 34, 425. 

Penisino, Tadeo, O.S.A.: his character, a3, 285; elected gen., 286. 

Peruvians: in Manila, 8, X71; injurious to Phil., 10, 208, il, 289, la, 1x3; forbid- 
den to go to Phil., I a, 71 ; cosmographer of, offers to discover Solomon Is., 37, 227. 

Pesaro, Juan Bautista, O.S.F.: arrives in Phil., la, X93. 

Pestano Cueva, Josi: ambassador to Batavia, 4a, 302. 

Petaca: defined, a, 126. 

Peter the Great (czar of Russia) : protects Armenian church, ai, 275 ; his achieve- 
ments, 48, 264. 

Petite, Francisco, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 9a 

Petitions and memorials: presented by Magalhies and Haro, l, 26, 27; in demarca- 
tion assembly, 169-172; by Lavezaris, 3, 280; to Council of Indies, 6, 157-233; by 
encomenderos, 8, 155, 9, x8i; to G. Perez Dasmaridas, 8, 165, 268; authorization 
to present, 179; on navigation and conquest, 9, 20, 299-3x4, 329; by Jap., 25, 
33, 56; to Hideyoshi, 42; rdg. hosp., 88, 89; by Ortega, X05-XX0; by Cambodian 
ambassadors, 161-173; by city of Manila, 229-232; rdg. duties, 253, 254; rdg. 
sold., 245; by fiscal, lO, 298; by protector of Fil., 308; by Morga, li, 184, 285; 
by Salazar y Salcedo, la, 84; rdg. Chin., 94-97; to Chin, ruler, XC4; by civil 
cab., 1x3; by Benavides, X13; by Chirino, 13, 251-255; by merchants, 258; by 
Aug., 296-298; by Garda, 14, 38-42; by citizens of Manila, a9, 102; by Pangasi- 
nans, 49, 145-147; ecc presented to cortes, 50, 270; rdg. com., 51, 286, 288; by 
Compania de Fil., 287, 288; for direct mail for Phil., 289; by Phil, deputies to 
cortes, 290, 291 ; for miss's, 292, 293 ; to Ministry of Hacienda, 295 ; by Bp. Salazar, 
298, 299; disrespect shown in, 5a, 62; by Fil., 73; against friars, X73, X74; in 
Liga Fil., 219. 

Petrochini, Gregorio, O.S.A. (gen.) : furthers foundation of Rec., ai, 263. 

Peyton, — (Meth. epis. bp., Amer.) : cited, a8, 362, 363. 

Pharmacy: school of, founded in S. Jos6 coll., 45, 25, 232, 233. 



Philippine] INDEX 689 

Pharmaciits. See Ph3rsiciant. 

Phelipinas: a, 78. See Philippine It. 

Philadelphia (Pa.): Manila compared to, if 4a; libraries ii^ 531, 4a. 

Philipinos: appellation of Span, natives of Phil., 45, 30^ 31. See alio Fil. 

PHILIPPINE ISLANDS 

Nambs — 

Filipinos (Felipinas, Ffilipinas; Span, name), i, 31, J, 47, 48, 70, 9, 159, 33, 
324; Lu^n (Lu^nes, Luzonei; by extension from Luz6n Is.), 3, 385, 7, 314, 16, 
231, 233, 37, 72; Manilas (Manillas; by extension from name of chief city), 16, 
231, 49f 309; Maniolas, 16, 71; Nueva Castilla (Nueva Reyno de Castilla, New 
Castile, New Kingdom of Castile), I, 42, 16, 135, 136; Philipinas (Phelipinas, 
Phclippinas, Philippinas), 3, 121, 127, 209, 249, 5, 256, 7, 137, 9, 226; Poniente 
(Islas del), i, 22 (see below. Western); San Lazaro (St Lazarus; first Euro- 
pean name), i, 28, 29, 265, 37, 72, 30, 32, 33, i(, 109, 3(1, 41, 211; Vail Sem 
Periguo (Valley without Danger; Port, name), 33, 324; Western Islands (Islands 
of the West), I, 22, a, 78, 82-87, 91, 169, 170, 172, 174, 182, 183, 3, 10, 129, 175, 
190, 249, 5, 256, 6, 89, 34, 24a» a43, M. ^9- 

Origin: i, 28, 29, 31, a, 70^ 221, 5, 286, 6, 145, la, 179, 16, 233, 39, a77, 3i, 
43» 33, 109, 34, 336, 35, 41; named by various persons, I, 31, 4a, a, 47, 48, 3, 
X27, 15, 47, 16, 135, 136, 33, 14^ 44, 53; Chin, name, 7, 214; early names, 15, 
41, 16, 69-72, 37, 72, 33f 16; confusion rdg., 16, 232; renamed, 232, 33, 324; 
geog. names in, 38, 2x7, 2(9, 5^, 346. 

DsscKipnoN — 

Location, iter, various descriptions, I, 29, 65, a, xox, 3, 54-61, 4, 12, 13, 66- 
70, 98-118, 319, 5, 11, 13, 34-"5, »S, 93-X06, 36, X5, 189-2x7, 39, 84; contrasted 
with other localities, I, 70, 7X, 75, 76, 4, 66, 51, 74, X79; beautiful, I, 77, 78. 
Origin, 5, 127, 40, 37, 38; locadon and distances to and from, i, 22, 30, 70^ 
a, 86, xoi, 102, 225, 3, 58, III, 312, 4, lao, 5, 36, 6, 296, 7, 124, 213, 239, 240, 

8, 186, 315, 9, 39, 92, 147, 151, 303, 10, 207, la, 133, X77, X9X, 13, 236, 307, 14, 
3», 34, »5, 41, 16, 70, 17, X25, 18, 290, 19, 126, JO, 139, ^3, 14a, ^4, 289, 321, 
^7, 83, 84, 116, 208, 39, 278, 33, 361, 34, 376, 389, 38, 267, 268, 4a, X92, 193, 
44, 174, 180, 48, 272, 274, 49, 29, 51, 74, 183, 185, 2x5, 256, 282, 5a, 54, 71, 100, 
309; belong to Asia, i, 21; included in term ''Western Is.," 3, X2x; archipelago 
of China, 4, 57; part of W. Indies, 145, 34, 4x5; extension of Malayan sub- 
region, 31, 3xx; in Malay Archipelago, 36, X98; transferred to E. hemisphere, 
I, 22; fartherest Span, possessions, 22, 35, 53; countries and is. near, 3, 58, 224, 

9, 2x9, 302, 303, la, X9X, 16, 193, 35, X90, 37, 46; extend N. and S., la, 203; 
route and voy. to (length, season for, etc.), 3, X3X, X90, 7, 83, 9, 20, 10, X23, 
13, 232, 233; surrounded by idolaters and infidels, 8, 291, II, 263, 289; surrounded 
by enemies, 9, 276, 277, lO, 17; distance of, causes trouble, 43, X92, 193, 44, X74, 
180, 48, 272, 274; outpost for Amer. colonies, 50, 188; commercial position, 51, 
74; navigation among, dangerous, 7, 160; communication with, difficult, 9, 27X, 
36, 280. Extent and no. of is., I, 60, 265, 3, 47, 229, 3, 54, 2xx, 4, 2x, 66^ 70, 6, 
142, X43, 7, X42, X59, 166, 9, X2, X50, 2x8, 2X9, 240, 245, IJ, 40, 202-204, 15, 
4x, 16, 7x, ai, X27, 225, aa, 295, 37, 72-77, 39, 90, 278, 28x, 30, 32, ^^^ 109, 
34, 230, 298, 376, 36, X90, 46, 305, 306, 49, 29, 30, 39, 51, x6o, 163, X82, 196, 
247, 53, 309; consists of is. only, 9, 240; maps and charts, I, end of vo^ 13, 90, 
9X, 35, 57, 37, 74, 75, 30, 177, 34, 183, 35, 13a, X33, 36, 50, 40, 28x, 43, 13*, 
X33, 46, 246, 47, frontispiece, 49, 35, 49, 51, frontispiece, 5*, 209. Climate, 3, 
58, X96, 225, 4, xo, 66, 98, XX5, 3x0, 5, 197, 217, 6, X49, 7, X3, 57, 58, 89, X44» x6o, 



690 THE PHIUPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb IsLANDt (oondnacd) — 

190, 8, ij, 145, 146, 243, 9, 88, 9a, 240, 10, S08, ste, II, a6s, 289, IJ, 12$, 188, 
13, ayi, 16, 90, J3, MO, ^4, lai, ia8, a49, a88, as, 45t «^i ««4f a«4. ^9. ao9, 
a95f ^96, 3a, 180, 199, 3^ x8o^ 197, a68, 37f xS^. 38, 5^ 39. ia9» 40, aas, 4J, 
19, 203, 257, asS, 44, SI, 81, 51, 14. 74, 76, 77i x^S. x«^» xa9, x^S. X87, aio, aao^ 
343, a49, 260t 261, 5a, 50, 95, 9$, 98; abundance of water in, 4, 66; hamidity, 
16, 90; damp, J3, 240; fog«, 3^, x8o; droughti, 35, X5, las, 184, 44, 68. Vari- 
008 natural featuret, 3, 58, 59. ^^s, J3, X96, 34, S95. 37, axs, 248, 260^ 40, X94, 
41, 240, 43, 233, 47, 237, 51, 74, 75; earthquakes and volcanoes, 11, 196, 17, 
307, 33, 2x0, 34, 119, 35, 9, 17, 217-221, 301, 38, 94, 97, 39, a90- 

Products, etc.: sources for study of material resources and industries, 5 J, 145, 
x6o^ 161 ; rich and fertile, 3, 20, 55, 168, 303, 313, 4, 67, 69, xi8, 6, 280, la, x88. 
204, 19, 292, aa, 15, 30, 116, 34, 230, 41, 227, 48, 206, 305, 49, x6, 80, 143, 
x88, 51, X5, 74, 118, 182, 243, 262, 5a, 54, 94, >74; sterile, 4, 73; quality of soil, 
51, 126; products and resources (including occupations and industries), i, 57, 
70, 76, 3, x6, 21, 22, 50, 56-59, 72, 134, 148, 193, X98, 20X-203, 210, 247, 249, 4, 
59, 65, 74, 98, 99, 117, 118, 5, 45, 55, 7X, 169, X71, 210, 212, 6, 72, 149, 150, 202, 

206, 259, 301, 302, 7, 16, 43, 44, i90» 8, 79, 82, 89-91, 94, 273, 305, 306, 9, 17, 41, 
237, 3*4, »0, 86, II, 17, 95, la, X87-X9X, 212-2x6, 13, X41, 235, 15, 5X, 252, 303, 
16, 84-88, 101-103, X05, 192, 234, 17, 107, 108, 334, 18, 16, 17, 94, X69-X88, 294, 
306, 314, 19, 141, 159, 160, 191, 236, 243, 244, 250-255, ao, 58, 210, 258, ai, 284, 
22, 94, 128, 273, 287, 23t xo, XI, 35-37, 53, 61, 80, 106, 182, X97, 209-2XX, 240, 
241, 245, 251, 263, a4, 184, X85, 207, 2x0, 2x5, 324, 325, as, 45, 50, a6, 139, 202, 

207, 22X, 244, 246, 289, a7, 80, 8x, X48, 177, X99, a8, 87, 89, 90^ a9, 85, 192, X93, 
209, 226, 278, 293, 297-30X, 30, 64, 65, 96, 268, 34, x6, 19, 24, 155, 164, X89, 201, 
225, 284, 285, 302, 303, 326, 382, 35, 261, 300-302, 36, 299, 37, 235, 38, 29, 31, 
40, X94, 43, 224, 44, X38, 264, 273, 282, 286, 45, 67, 76, 47. 95, X09, 255, 256, 
259, 272, 48, 184, 206, 2x5, 240, 244, 278, 279, 285, 286, 29X, 296-300, 303-309, 
3x4, 326, 50, 53, 54, 64, xo8, X79, x8o, X87, 25X, 252, 51, 52-54, X25, X26, 129- 
13X, 136, X39, 140, X43, X44, X55, X82, X9X, X92, 2x7, 2x8, 225, 232, 237, 243-249, 
253-256, 5a, II, x6, 25, 26, 41, 42, 66, 67, X08, X09, XX3, 145, x6o, x6x, 291-324, 
387, 388 (see also below. Pop.); products introduced into and from, I, 42, la, 
2x6, 13, 141, 35, 302, 303, 38, 31, 50, 54 (see also Plants and trees) ; no spices 
in, I, 32; nutmeg culture in, ao, 258; capable of producing all sorts of spices, 
47, 272; see also Spices; no lead in, 4, 77; ill supplied with provisions and mdse., 
6» 259, 50, X98; lack of medicine in, 7, 89 ; medicinal herbs abundant in, a9, 293; 
ship-timber scarce in, 15, 252; ancient jars found in, 16, X05; no silver mines 
in, 51, 238; same resources in many is., 3, 193; few resources in, 13, 235; in- 
sufficient for support of is., 44, 264; crops poor, 282; highly favored by nature, 
51, 91; covered with forests, 140 (see also Plants and trees); valued in Asiatic 
countries, 48, 310; opium prohibited in, 40, x8o, 51, 36; exempt from duties, 
247 (see also Revenues: Customs and duties) ; much arable land in, 51, 243, 244; 
surplus of land in, 5a, 305; see also Lands; agric. colony, 51, 243; non-resident 
farmers, 5, 55, 57; tilled by free labor, 51, 244; soil adapted for cotton, 8, 82, 
89, 94; resources and industries neglected, backward, and undeveloped, 91, 125, 
237, 244, 249, 5a, X13, 293; scarcity of great agric establishments, 51, 246; need 
encouragement and impetus, 44, 138, 45, 67, 51, 217, 2x8, 253, 256; products 
should be marketed, 48, 206; public fund for promoting, 184; how to promote, 
246, 303-314, 51, 202; skilled artisans should be brought to instruct natives, 326; 
encouraged and promoted, 7, x6, 50, 251, 252, 51, 52, 53; machinery needed in. 



Philippine] INDEX 691 

243, 348, 354, 255; prizes and medali awarded and oflfered, 5 J, 311, 313, 314. 
Animal life in, 3, 56, 70. 7i. X9«, 202, 4, 67, 98, 5. aio, 15, 30a, 16, 89-97, 
334-336, ai, 305, 336, 311, aa, 84, 144, J7, 80, 8x, j8, 98, 39, 397, 303, 303, 35. 
299t 30O1 40, 194, 49> 32, 180, 181, 51, 14X, 143; no horses in, 4, 72; domestic 
animals needed in, 7, 156, II, 386; few wild animals, 51, 141; many draught 
animals, 243; political and zoological areas different, ai, 311; see also Birds; 
Fishes; Invertebrates; Mammals; and Reptiles. Remnants of copper age found in, 
16, X05. See also below Social and economic. 
Population — 

In general: sources for study of, 34, 376, 377, 53, 139, 140; ethnology of, in 
confused state, 14, 303; Span, study of ethnol. of, unscientific, x6i; science of 
ethnol. in, in infancy, 161; ethnological appendices, 40, 37-373, 43, 97-319, 47, 
389-333; accts. of savage Luz6n tribes, 48, 13-16, 59-133; census of 1887, im- 
portant, 139; Span, census for 1896, unpublished, 139; reports on, 313; see also 
Books -U. S. Govt Span, policy rdg., 53, 64; how reckoned, 7, 51; capable of 
supporting great, 19, 351; overestimated, 34, 367; early estimates vague and 
inadequate, 36, 304-310; Malay migration to, 40, 347, 348; theory of peopling of, 
43, 131, 133; cosmopolitan, 44, 87; dense, 4, 74, 9, 150^ »^. ao4, 34, a30. 39«i 
48, 326, 51, 182, 264, 53, 88, 89; small and scattered, 3, 200, 5, 236, 8, 187, 9, 
99, 240, 46, 323, 324; low birth rate, 34, 2x8; male pop. scant, 34, 23, 288. In 
mts., I, 86, 3, 54 (see also Mts.) ; mainly on coasts, a, 241; Span, not allowed 
to live in native vill., I, 58; fi/., prevented from traveling in prov., 50, 169; origin, 
37, 170, 40, 15, 16, 38-48, 299, 300, 305, 316, 347, 348, 43, 121, 122 (see also 
the various native peoples) ; character of, 19, 142, 143, so, 138-140, 51, 74, 5a, 
63, 64; ignorance rdg., 51, 82, 83; race hatred, 105, 106 (Fil.-mes.), 53, 25, 63- 
65, X28, 234; amalgamation advisable, 85, 86; restrictions on entering and leav- 
ing, 4, 17, 139, 308. 309, 3«9, 5, a83, 6, 268, 9, 253, 13, 266, 14, 237, 17, xo^ 
132, 133, 17S, 18, X84, 35, II, 45; immigration unimportant, a8, 353; Span, im- 
migration needed, 39, 190, 191; license to leave granted too freely, 34, 288; no 
restrictions on leaving, 44, 125; Span, leave, 45, 129; emigration to, encouraged 
by loss of Amer. colonies, 53, X17. Lepers exiled to, 34, 206; epidemics in, 41, 
156, 43, 18, 234, 46, 361, 50, 68 (see also Diseases and remedies) ; care of sick, 
47, 162, 163 (see also Hosp.; and Orders, Hosp.) ; mortality, 4, 83, 7, 93, 124, 
8, 259, 9, 75, 9*. 271, l»» a63, 289, 33, 248, 34, 2x8, 251, 288, a8, 2x0, 26x, 42, 
x8, 47. 162. 

At various times', native, i, 37, 38, 40, 58, 71, 85, 86, 5, 39-ii5, 7, 44 (pacified), 
X59, 160, 8, X40, 19, 249, 33, 162, 163, 37, 81-83, 38, x6i, 351, 39, 304, 49, 33, 
50, 105, 51, 78, 79, 188, 5«, 309; Chris, (mainly native), i, 57, 58, 6, 185, 186, 
a8, 13, 160, x6i, X78, 180, 209, 36, X58, 200, 44, 29X, 48, 304; Span., i, 44, 60, 
3, 211, 303, 313, 4, 78, 83. 102-X05, 6, 51, 52, 166, 240, 7, 59, 85, X23, 135, 10, 
256, II, 87, 115, 276, 13, 182, 13, 233. 15, 304, «3, 248, 37, 82, 83, a8, 161, 240, 
246, 353, 30, 34, 36, X59» 183, 257. 364, 265, 37, 73, "03, 195, 252, 46, 283, 51, 
80, 26X, 53, 15, 34, 35, 54, 1X4-X16, 215; first Span, born in, 33, 80; many minors 
in, II, 3s; no. of Span, should be reduced, 53, 31-44; Chin, (numbers or esti- 
mate generally given), i, 31, 7, 9, 7^, 89, X55, 165, 230, 8, 90, 97, 98, 237, 9, 9, 
^36, 30i» 315, 316, 3^, 3", 3a3» 10, >o, 14, 42, 81, 82, X50, II, 284, 13, 9, xxo, 
ixx, 14, XX, x8, 15, 77, 16, 43» 245, 19, 192, 194, 30, 169, 34, X50, 36, 14X, 39, 
209, 257, 40, 30X, 44, 44, 50, 157, X62, 253, 51, 228, 23X (see also Chin.-II) ; 
foreign, l, 53, 17, 301, a8, 161, 51, 18, 43, 80^ 152, 207-209, 245, 53, 1x3; ratio 
of whites to natives, a8, 234. Increase in, i, 72, 86, a6, 137, j8, 349-353, 46, 



692 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

PmuppiNB IsLANDi (copdaudl) — 

346, 51, 78, 243; king desires to increase, 7, 157; metbod of increuing; 13, a66; 
increased by trade, 14, 14, 145; decrease and depop^ i, 63, 5, la, 13, 59, 61, aia, 
240, 388, 298, 15, 270, 19, 271, ao, 252, 44, 121-126 (causes), 45, 129; advisable 
to decrease whites in, 5 J, 34-36. 

Native peoples in, a, 18, 61, 200, 4, 68, 69, 159, I4» 3QS> iS, 98, JO, 270^ 
ai, 24x>, 241, 23, 162, a8, 221, 39, 304, 36, 199, 200^ 40, 16, 38, 52, 19a, 302, 
306, 43, 114, 115, 118, 44, 87, 5i> 8o> 5 J, 100; no Haraforas in, s^t S4i ^5: lang., 
i«» 335, 236, 18, 101, J3, 201, 229, J4, 32, j8, 211, 212, J9, 288, 30, 116, 33. 

347, 36, 19, 171, 304, 305, 40, 321, 43, 117. xi«. «aa, 51, 88. 83> 47» 4«; govt. 
promotes Span., i, 80; Span, should be used by natives, 46, 332; jargon used by 
negroes in, 23, 329; characteristics and customs, etc, of natives, i, 38, 70^ 71, 
86, 4, 59» ^t 285, 286, 15, 38» 3<»» 305. 16, 105, 19, 106, x6i, 163, ai, 132, 

' 165, aa. 50, 34, 150, 287, a8, 231, 349, 34, i7» ao, 21, 185, 188, 201, 224, 225, 
229-233, 236, 237, 289, 35, 67, 36, 170, 198, 38, 140, 142, 157, 40, 15-17, 35-373. 
43, 14-34, 97'3i9, 45, 17, 1S2, 183, 20X, 51, 87-89, 178; natives contrasted with 
Amerinds, a8, 334; see also Fil., and the several other native peoples of the Phil. 

Spaniards in (characteristics, and various relations rdg.), I, 92, 3, 254, 4, la, 
108, 5, 4, 6, 30, 38, 173, 30I, 387, 7, 68, 216, 255, 256, 263, 8, 19, 176, 187, 9, 
270, 10, I03, 130, 314, 315, II, 113, 114, 130, la, 12, 51, 13, 23, 239, 15, 59» 
64, 165, 173, 336, 17, 133, 133, 19, 339, 240, 265, ao, 15, 139, 140^ ai, 240, 33, 
190, 280, 34, Z17, 39, 281, 51, 18, 209 (see also Spain; and Span.); Creoles, 35, 
313, 314, 317 (see also Creoles) ; exiles sent to, 51, 178 (see also Exiles) ; no 
Span, grandees in, 53, 63 ; Port citizens in, 6, 301 (see also Port) ; only inhab. 
of, may enjoy Chin, trade, 7, 153; exiles from Mex. in, a6, 155; immigrants may 
carry their money, 37, 161; Span, colonists needed in, 51, 264 (see also below 
Discovery and settlement). See also below. Social and economic 
Social and Economic — 

Structure of society: impartiality must reign in, 53, 20, 2z; no caste in, I, 72, 
73; caste in, 38, 247; classes among natives and pop., I, 73, 7, 161, 40, 38, 45, 
46, 397, 398, 43, 114, Z15, 51, 14; class distinction lost, 53, 357; all Span, are sold., 
16, 172; slaves and slavery, I, 85, 3, 197, 378, 388, 4, 67, 6, 15, 58-61, 8, 71, 
^3, 57, 5^, 35, 67 {see also Slaves and slavery) ; peonage in, 36, 383 ; no Span, 
grandees in, 5a, 63. See also the various peoples of Phil.; the various rel. ord.; 
Ecc. ; Mil.; above. Pop.; and below. Govt. 

Status: need of social and econ. study, 53, 134; ignorance rdg. in Spain, 213; 
confusion rdg., 213; object of present work to state, I, 14; golden age of Phil., 
46; modern era, 48, 46, 308, 350, 5a, 3i, 113, Z13, 118, Z33, 133-134; future, 121- 
133; at various times, i, 48, 59-61, 73, 74*76, 78, 3, 33, 4, 88, 6, 50-53, 8, 18, 140, 
141, 337, 9, 61, 189, 10, II, 13, 75-I03, 317, la, 146, 151, 30, 50, 57-59, 44, 14, 
15, 120-141, 313, 45, 140, 50, 87, 93, 187, 51, 316-373 (causes, and remedies), 
53, II, 31, 33, 113-307, 314, 387; miss's advance, i, 43; effected by decline of 
Spain, 46; individualism retarded in, 63; individualism prevails in, 3, 197; no 
individual freedom in, I, 77; experiments in electricity forbidden in, 78; de- 
veloped by giving of rewards, 7, 151; rewards in, poor, 34, 334, 335 (see also 
Offices and officials; and Prizes and rewards) ; their debt to Spain, 28, 360; holi- 
days numerous in, 51, 14, 15; Draper studies, 49, 46; soc. and econ. development, 
5a, 135-148; virgin country, 309. Prosperity and wealth in, I, 61, 3, 50, ^3, 
4, 98, 8, 16, 17, 302, 18, 45, 150, 19, II, 69, 70, 34, a63, 384, 385, aa, 13, 89, 
93, 94, 138, 129, 33, 79, 80, 92, as, 14, 42, 204, 46, 346 (see also above, Descrip- 



Philippine] INDEX 693 

tion: products, etc) ; landholders in, I, 60 (see also Lands) ; wealth unsubstantial, 
6, 223 ; how wealth may be increased, 48, 246 ; public wealth must be increased, 
5^, 107; scarcity seldom felt in, 51, 243; importance, 7, 124, 9, 302, is, 186, 18, 
161, 162, 165, 19, 9, 18, 235, 236, 243, 34, 218, 37, 84, 209, a8, 104, 30, 27-47, 
56, 85, 86; progress in, 33, 240; improved by G. Perez Dasmarinas, 9, 117, 118; 
improved by Ricafort, 51, 55; private persons progressive, 217; better industrial 
conditions, 53, 172; capable of self support, 16, 192, a6, 269, 50, 93, 116, 117, 
187; have no means of support, 6, 170; means of support, 19, 239, 240^ 28, 83, 
S^f 20 (see above, Descrip.: Products); dependent on Span, sovereign, 9, 276; 
depends on N. Espana and its trade, 14, 214, 216, 33, 22, 39, 72, 73 (see also 
Com.) ; Span, reason for conserving, 16, 230, 37, 56, 66-69, S7i 49* '2, 28, 142, 

50, 214; should be source of profit to Spain, 47, 253, 254, 260^ 2(1; expense to 
Spain and cost of maintaining, 16, 226, 30, 57, 35, 54, 47, 253, 260^ 268, 53, 
88 (see also Revenues) ; money sent to, 4, loi, I3, 59, 73, 103, 13, 228, 266, 15, 
303, 33, 172 (see also Money) ; money taken from, 8, 93, 94, 44, 146, 51, 237, 
^SSt 273 (see also Chin.; and Money); coins clipped in, 49, 178; money scarce 
in, 51, 237; silver coins in, 239; money collected for earthquake sufferers in, 53, 
X56; capital and capitalists scarce and needed in, i, 75, 50, 20, 51, 218, 53, 39, 
X07; influence of foreign ideas and capital in, 122; no place for money invest- 
ment, 45, 109; living expenses, 9, 106, 229, 230, 10, 143, 218, 33, 94, 34, 334. 

51, 189, 53, 63; conditions of property in Phil., 44, 277, 278, 50, 92, 51, 137, 
138; Span, property sent out of, 179; contributions made by merchants to roy. 
treas., 312; Sunday labor in, 51, 230, 231 (see also Artisans; and Salaries and 
wages); days annually lost in, 51, 96; Amer. plantation labor system unknown 
in, I, 70; incomes in, precarious, 38, 82; better salaries in, than in Spain, 53, 63 
(see also Salaries and wages) ; appearance counts in, 62, 63 ; influence of aris- 
tocracy in, 134; village life urged in, 50, 267; poor and needy, 3, 43, 4, 12, 7, 
161, 9, 72, 229, 10, 26, 13, 51, 112, 113, 136, 13, 239, 251, 14, 196, 19, 305, 33, 

280, 36, 280, 290, 37, 248, 38, 83, 39, 207, 36, 10, 50, 51, 37, 303, 44, 290, 305, 
53, 88; unprofitable and source of waste, 3, 50, 39, 309, 51, 75, 53, 89; a heavy 
burden, 50, 52; drag on Spain, 53, 19; causes for scarcity of food in, 3, 55, 56; 
no inheritances in, 4, 109; in danger of ruin, 7, 9, 71, 299, 9, 320, 321, 323, 10, 
82, II, 284, 30, 169, 49, 272, 333, 51, 180; loss, ruin, and disaster, 5, 243, 244, 
6, 30. 248, 301, 303, 7, 65, 66, 68, 241, 262, 263, 9, 268, 315, 10, 14, 254, 255, II, 
113, 114, 13, 59, 101, 17, 9, 20, 249, 250, 13, 231, 14, 64, 18, 116-120, 19, 69, 
70, 30, 160, 173, 199, 203, 33, 18, 24, 63, 175, 318, 33, 10, 26, 220, 221, 34, 53, 
98, 139, ^7, 183, 196, 30, 82, 85, 88, 91, 93, 34, 3^3, 363, 35, 10, 36, 50-5*. a6i, 
37, i5t 157, 158, 160, 161, 213, 219, 220, 294, 38, 139, 140, 39, a8o, 281, 283, 
41, 309-3", 4a, 117, 305, 206, 259-263, 268, 269, 44, 94, 183, 47, 34, 35, 59, 60, 
68-70, 230, 231, 236; causes for ruin, II, 263, 13, 111; famines, 18, 228, 34, 279, 

281, 35, 15, 46, 31; evils become intolerable, 53, 122; development retarded, 6, 
312; neglected, and question of abandonment, 3, 20, 7, 75, 312, 316, 10, 17, 13, 
51, 16, 225-228, 19, 36, 37, 337-246, 37, 64, 115-120, 45, 43, 48, 201-216, 51, 
173, i77t 357, 263, 53, 274; Chin, needed in, 10, 42 (sec also Chin. II) ; receive 
no benefit from Moluccas, 30, 46; causes of depression in, 35, 9; Corcuera 
weakens, 43; need direct route to Spain, 47, 266; expenses increase, 48, 205, 206, 
237 (see also Rev.) ; self-interest rules, 8, 9, 10, 103, 104, 145, 50, 124-126, 135, 
51, 217, 261; reason for backward condition, 50, 135, 51, 91, 92, 216-273; abuses, 
137-190; council for improvements needed, 51, 217, 2x8; public credit endangered, 
236, 237; econ. depression, 53, 147, 148; gloomy situation, 256-259; approach 



694 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippine Islanm (oootinticd) — 

condition of Cuba, 257; commanicadoo in and widi, 4 J, 19a, 46, 309, 51, 13, 55, 
59, 289 (see alao Potti; Ships: navigation; and Transportation); telegraphic 
regulations, 53, 214; acconunodations for travelers in, 50, 198. Literature in, 
I, 82, 83; room for scientific study in, 51, 75; sdentists in, 75, 76, 5 J, 136; see 
also Education. 

Occupations and Industries: see Agric; Architecture; Artisans; Com.; Fil.; 
and other peoples of the Phil.; Fish and fisheries; Land; Mines and mining; 
Plants and trees; Ships; Provisions and supplies; Shipbuilding; and above, De- 
scription: Products, etc 

Home-life and public morals: Chris, family esubl. in, i, 85; position of Chris, 
women in, 85; dowries should be provided for Span, women, 6, 20, 172; Span, 
marriages in, 8, 19; marriages free, II, 130; desirable to restrict id. in, 9, 66; 
polygamy not common in, 13, 293; homesteads granted in, 9, 237; convent establ. 
for girls in, 9, 237, 238 (see also Manila: Sta. Potenciana) ; see also the several 
peoples and nations; and Marriage; luxury in, I, 59, a8, 235; avarice in, 10, 
194, 195; corruption in public affairs, I, 54, 57, 75, 84, 9, 267, a68, 17, 14. 3o8, 
3x0 (see also Offices and Officials: corruption) ; excesses committed in, 7, 287, 
288; low moral standards, 18, 282, 53, 94, 276; Span, establish gambling-houses, 
I9> 143 (we also Crimes: gambling) ; swindlers in, 28, 240; dissolute women in, 
4, 107; dissoluteness and vice in, 34, 275, 44, 93, 94, 51, 186, 214, 5a, 95; idle- 
ness in, 40, 236; many robbers in, 4, 76, 49, 214, 51, 92, 93, 138; many convicts 
in, 40, 2x4 (see also Crimes and criminals) ; Span, prestige weakened in, 5a, 56. 

Other social and economic factors: ecc. matters -see the several rel. orders; 
the various peoples; and Ecc. Buddhism (see Buddhism). Mahometanism (see 
Mahometanism). Education - see Education. Hosp. -see Hosp. Chin. -see Chin. 
Encom.-see below. Govt Mil. -see Insurrections; Mil. and below Disc and 
settlement Ships -see Ships. Houses -see Architecture. Agric. Soc. of PhiL, 
45, 3x5 (see also Katipunan; and Liga Filipina). Royal magazines and store- 
houses, 10, 99, 14, 55, 18, 55, 96, 328, 334, 19, X19, 149, ao, 240, aa, ix, X3, 
68, 94, 248, «3, 10, 30, 3x, 37, 34, 248, 290, 291, 302, as, X25, a6, 286, 34, 444. 
36, 26X, 47, x66 (see also Provisions and supplies). Public works, 36, 298, 40, 
30, 31, 80, 260^ 26X. Bridges -see Bridges. Streets and roads, i, 59, 4, 69, 9, 
240, 33, 184, ^4, X2X, 169, a8, 210, 235, 257, 293, 40, 2X3, 51, 55i X40f X4i 
(see also Transportation). 
Discovery and Sbttlbmbnt — 

Discovery and exploration: known to ancients, 16, 70; unknown to Port, 29, 
278; Span, discoveries, l, 28, 30, 31, 250, 265, 322-325, a, 48, 49, 3, 18, X9, 2X- 
131* 175-178, x8o, 3x5, 4, X06, X20, 5, ao8, 6, 89, 90» i43-i45i 7, 14a, 8, 79» 9©, 
9, 189, 2x8, 3x4, la, X78, X79, 15. 37» 38, 43-45. »6, 23X, ai, 1x2, 33, X21-X23, 
X27. 13X-143, X67, x88, 37, 69, 84, a8, 226, 2% 277, 278, 33, "3» 34, x6, 17, X97, 
300, 336, 35, 30X, 3x9; cause of discovery, i, 23, is, 178; route to, described, 9, 
308-3XX, 3x3; N. W. passage to, sought, 3x4; voy. to and from, expensive, 9, 92, 
14, 142; explorations can be made from, easily, 9, 3x1, 14, 276, 277; explor. and 
survey of coasts, 48, 223; direct exped. to. from Spain, 51, 2x6; see also Exped.: 
Disc, and explor,; and the several explorers. 

Conquest and colonization: Legazpi establ. Spain in, I, 32; timely arrival of 
Span, in, 35; effect of Span, conquest and colon., 36, 86; conquest and conversion, 
characterized, 37; not a true colony, i, 48, 49; friars conquer and hold, 56, 57, 
84, 9, 223, a8, 210-2x3, 23X-233, 238, 239, 36, X50, 5a, 46, 245; reJ- colony, 46, 



Philippine] INDEX 695 

49» 5o» 5^1 «*ii «a4f «3o» ^64, 271, 273; igric colony, 51, 360 (see also Agric.) ; 
unwise to make them a convict colony, 5a, 31; Span, conquest saves from Ma- 
hometanism, 16, 135 (see also Mahometanism) ; claimed by Port, J, 79, 81, xoi, 
a45, a47» 249, ado^ a6i, 263, 265, 269, 286, 290, 300-304* Sxa-3«5» S^S* 3. 3x. 45f 
46; claimed by Spain, a, 135, 250, 252, 297, 303, 33, 188, 34. M^l urged, J, 
123, 124, 185, 3, 58» 59» 5, 256, 6, 21, 184-187, II, 264, 289, 50, 63, 64; worth 
conquest, 49, 28; Span, objects in, 3, 296, 5, 222, 230, 8, 42, 73, 309, 48. 240; 
expense, 5, 207; how to maintain, 37, 120, 121; Span., a failure, 6, 23, 24* 
220-223; fertility of is., should attract settlers, 280; delays to, 280-283; effects of 
Moluccan conquest on, 15, 270, 271; conquest must precede conversion, 31, 14, 
22Z-223; Span, ownership threatened, 35, 135; defense to Amer. colonies, 45, 
42; would be indispensable to £ng. occupation of Cal., 48, azx; interior unex- 
plored, 51, 195; colonists (including conquistadors and settlers), 7, 168, 255, 8, 

33, 33, 35» 9, 88, 237, 253, lO, 209, II, 289, 14, 147, 15, 50^ 53, »9, ao, 142, 
143, ao, 15, 138-140, aa, 104, 106, 33, 80, 157, 34, 250, 335, a6, 22, 31, 225, 

34, 18, 19, 26, 201, 206, 220, 237, 274, 278, 279, 304-310, 36, 86, 40, 3>3, 44, 
54, 51, 264 (see also Conquistadors, Encomenderos, Farmers; and above. Pop.); 
other matters of conquest and colon., I, 32, 46, a, 156-159, 3, 15, 137, 261, 
4, 105, 5, 208, 6, 89, 90, 143-145. 169-173, 297, 7, 42, 166, 8, 187, 291, 9, 12, 
19, 20, 39, 81, 85, 223, 235, 245-247, 258, 263, 271, 281-298, 327-329, 14, 21, 273, 
15, 37, 38, 45-53, 57, 59, 61, 62, 16, 194, 200, 17, 286, JI, X70, J3, X91, 240, 
34, 19, as, 15X, ^7, 120, 121, a8, 226, 231, 238, 239, 34, 20, 23, 26, 225, 273. 
281, 290, 294, 3x4, 376, 36, 150, 197-aoo^ 46, 300. See also Colonies and colons 
ization; Pop.; and below. Govt, and political. 

MainUnance and defense, etc: reenforcementa, aid, and supplies, I, xox, 3, x8, 
21, 50, 132-140, 211, 282, 315, 4, 77, 78, 94, X02, 120, 310, 5, 25, 6, 26, 27, 29, 
71, 257, 272, 296, 297, 304, 315, 316, 7, 13, 56, 83, 8, 243, 9, 271, 275, 318, IJ, 
17, 14, 147, 277, 15. 34, 60, 77. 16, >75. 226, 17, 19-21, 252, 253, 18, II, 13, 20, 
118, 119, 164, 247-249, 253, 19, 13, 19, 25, 26, 28-30, 102-104, 126, 140^ 148, 168, 
243, 259, 292, ao, 12-14, 48, 49, 51, 52, iio, 112, 129, 210, aa, 16, 20, 65, 74, 88, 
147, 211, 236, 240, 263-267, 33, 12, 51, 61, 116, 227, ^4, 198, 325, 328, as, 11, 
41, a6, 270, 39, 55, 72, 34, 221, 222, 299, 300, 35, 16, 196-198, 36, 10, 49-52, 
37, 27, 41, 219, 220, 287, 38, 17, 4«, 203, 47, 69, 5«. 95; people unwilling 
to go to, 3, 212; need workmen, 303; need farmers, 9, 276, 11, 286 (see also 
Farmers) ; need sailors and seamen, 35, 38 (see also Ships: sailors) ; reenforce- 
ments sent from, 15, 57, 19, 262, 275 (see also Exped. ; and Is.: Moluccas); 
defenses, poor and inadequate, 9, 266, 318, 10, 9, 1 1, 305, 13, 124, 48, 200, 
20I, 53, 95; multiplicity of is., unfavorable for defense, 46, 305, 306; must be 
prepared for war, and defended, 6, 181-184, 10, 91, 92, 48, 216-227, 231-233; 
costly to defend, 1 1, 303; easily fortified, I3, xo6; secure from enemies, 4, 146, 
147; can be conquered easily, 38, 212, 53, 74; dependent on navy, 33, 67; 
dependent on presidios, 34, 326, 37, 36; imposts levied for waging wars, 35, 77; 
wars weaken, 33, 173, 35, 196; Chris, maintained only by mil. forces, 44, 79; 
mil. and mercantile life supersedes literary, 45, 104; not well to rely too much 
on army, 51, 187; war for independence in, prophesied, 209; weapons freely 
allowed in, 214, 2x5; mil. jurisd. extended, 221; see also Councils: war. Few 
sold, in, I, 37, 60; seldom in vill, 58, 59; scattered through is., 3, X52; size of 
army needed in, 51, 187, x88; size of army in, 188, X89; effect of sold, in, 3, 
58; class of sold, in, 7, X63, 9, 24X, 16, X72; id. not allowed to leave, 8, 307; 
false musters in, 11, 88; mil. organization in, 51, X21-X24; mil. reforms needed 



696 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb Islands (cootinticd) — 

io, 8, 269, 51, 182-187; marine and navy poor, 124, 52, 83. See also losurrec- 
tions; Mil.; and below, Reladoni with various peoples. 

Events in Histort — 

In general: importance and interest of hist, i* 13; best sources for hist., 13; 
hist told in this series, 13; govt repts. in id^ 14; character of annals, 21; begin- 
ning of documentary hist, 23; not mentioned in treaty of Zaragoza, 30; earliest 
ptd. description, 40; best modem work on, 41; various opinions on, (i, 71, 72, 
74, 75 ; starting point of hist, J, 78 ; hist projected by Buy^a, 5, 37 ; early hiafo- 
ries, voluminous, 16, 11; see also Books. 

Special historical accounts: Legazpi*s relation (1569), 3, 16, 27, 54-61, 315; 
affairs after L.'s death, 10, 19, 20, 179-189, 315; Artieda's relation (1573), 10, 
20, 190-208, 315, 3x6; RiquePs relation (1574), 10^ 22, 230-249, 316, 317; Sande's 
relation (1576), 4, 9-12, 21-97, 319; Sande's relation (1577), 98-1x8; relation of 
^S^^f 3>5; affairs in Phil. (X583), 2Zo; relation of PhiL (1586?), 34, 29, 30^ 
376-391, 453; Salazar's relation (1586-88), 7, 9, 10, 29-51, 319; Ortega's rept 
(1594)1 9> >3» i3> 95-105, 328; relation of 1609-xo^ 17, 100-143; events of 1617- 
x8, 18, 65-92; events of 16x8-19, 19, 204-234; relation of 1619-20, 19, 10, xz, 42- 
70, 300; hist sketch (1621), 17, 191-234; news from Phil. (1621), ao, 10^ 25- 
39> 306; relation of 1626, JJ, 103, 130-145; id, of 1627-28, z8x-2i6; id. of 1628- 
29> 293*319; i^' o^ 1629-30, 33, 87-92; events of 1630-32, 24, 20, 245-260, 340; 
news from Far East (1632), 273-278; news from Phil., etc (1634), 297-300, 340: 
relation of 1635-36, j6, 31-59; events of 1636-37, J7, 17, 306-329, 366; evcota oi 
1637-38, 39, 9-X1, 23-49, 313; relation of PhiL (1638), 66-85; events of x638-39, 
14, X5, I4i-i7i> 313; i^* oi X639-40, i6-x8, 194-307, 3x3; relation of [1640], 277- 
31X; news from Phil. (1640-42), 35, 12, 13, 1Z4-X24, 323; events of 1643-44* 
176-184; affairs of 1644-47, 16-19, 212-275, 323; condition in 1652, 36, 49-52; 
events of 1662-63, 2x8-260; events of 1668, 37, 9, 10, 23-63, 307; events of 1686- 
88, 39, II, 13Z-148, 303; events of 1690-91, 40, 21-31; condition in 170X, 44, 
120-Z41; events of 170X-15, 15, 16, 142-147, 3x3; events of X721-39, 46, 13, 14, 
31-63; survey of X739, 47, 14, 15, 86-127, 285; events of 1739-62, 48, 9, 17-19, 137- 
i93» 339; events of 1764-1800, 50, 9-12, 23-74, 3^3; events of 180X-40, 51, 11- 
14, 23-72, 275; remarks by an Englishman, 14-16, 73-181, 275; Mas's rept. (1842), 
5a, II, X4-19, 29-90, 287; Matta's rept (1843), xi, 20, 21, 91-xxx, 287; events of 
1841-72, II, 22, 208-216, 287; modern era (1860-98), 1x2-207. See also contents 
of various vols, for various semi-hist. accts.; above. Discovery and settlement; 
and below. Govt, and Relations with various peoples. 

Governmental and Political — 

In general: subject to China, 6, 144; China abandons, 15, 302; trihutaiy to 
Borneo, 43, 173. 

Native: lacks govt and rulers, 3, 54, 197; possible [not probable] native con- 
federacy in, 16, 121; force formerly ruled in, 8, 219; petty rulers and chiefs, 6, 
145, 7, 166, 9, 245, 39, 281, 308, 34, ao, 201, 225, 233, 36, 64, 40, 4i» 45 ; judges 
may not deprive chiefs of their authority, 5, 299 (see also Legal and judicial) ; 
is. belong to natives, 8, 274; Malolos govt, 5a, 169; see also Treaties: Biacna- 
bat6. See also Fil. ; and the other native peoples of Phil. 

Under Spain: pol. conditions noted in this series, I, 14; SpaiL regime, 13, 84, 
87, a, 78, 50, 74; why saved from occupation by Port and Dutch, I, 23; in 
Span, demarcation, 29; Spain assumes right to, 30; renounced by Carlos I, 30 
(see also Treaties: Zaragoza); Span, have no just title to, 3, 254, 34, 26, 301; 



Philippine] INDEX 697 

Span, title jutt, 7, 316, 33, 157, 158; Spain rules and enlarges dominion in, 16, 
70, J3, 190, 198, J4, 117; foreign nations covet, 5 J, 54, 89; Span, king, only 
nominally ruler, 50, 137; king's audiority in, 150-153; defrauded in, 176; Amer. 
(N. Espana) dependency, i, ai, 2a, 84, a, 235, 237, 239, 240, 242, 8» «7i as^i 
7i 308, 53, 58; Span, policies, I, 36, 7, 166, 50, 171, 244-246, 51, 147, 177, 178, 
53, 64; methods in, differ from European, i, 53; admin, and pol. organization, 
49, 50^ 71-73, 16, 155, »7, ", 23, 322-336, /J9, 303, 304, 36, 88, 89, 51, 106- 
IZ2; gov. by instructions and decrees, 33, 274; ordinances, etc, for, 5, 305, 16, 
321, 17, 291, 294, 297, 298, J4, SOi-304, 307, a8, 239, 46, 73, 109, "O, 13«, 
319, 48, 191, 50, 191-264 (see also Decrees) ; laws disregarded and violated, 50, 
19, 136, 14X, 148, 149, 224 (see also Legal and judicial) : roy. patronage disre- 
garded in, 148, 149 (see also Spain: prerogatives of crown); effects of Span, 
admin, in, I, 71, 72, 76-78, 86, 10, 88-90, li, 235, j8, 15, 232-235, 238, 246, 
34, 30, 31, 397, 399-402, 440, 49, 13, 39; civil govt necessary, 8, 37; obstacles 
to good govt., 276-281; govt burdensome, 10, 13; neglected, 50, 91, 51, 18; 
centralized, best, 13, 240; civil, strengthened, J8, 299; three fundamentals in 
Span, admin., 46, 326; provisional (ad interim), 14, x66, 17, 286, 287, 289-303, 
305.313, 18, 14, 124, 265, 19, 132, 175, ao, 54, JJ, 12, 87, 33, aa2, 34, ai6, 285, 
36, 13, 150, 153, X54, 4^, 284, 285; abuses and reforms, 6, 297, 8, 36, 9, 228, 
10, 12-14, 51, 103-131, 317, II, 280, 17, 300, 301, 304, 306, 307, 311, 336, 18, 
10, 22-24, 289-342, 346, 19, 25-34, j8, 367, 34, ai»9, 281-284, 4a, 138, 44, lao- 
141, 175-180, 46, 73, 74, 299, 327, 328, 344, 5©, 15, 62, 87, 91, i37-«90, 51, 16- 
20i 35, 182-273, 275, 5a, 20, 69-84, 94, 100, 102-111, 118, 129, 149, 171-175, 188, 
189, 196, 200, 201; general junta, 5, 28, 6, 18-22, 157-233, 324; councils, j6, 280, 
34, 275-277, 325-331, 36, 119, 258, 259, 41, "6, 44, 175-179, 45, 327, 328, 46, 
79, 53, 31 (sM siso Coun.) ; general synod, (sec and rel.), 31, 45, 46; local 
^iclniiii., I, 53, 55, 56, 5, 299, 17, 329-333, 53, 189 (see also Manila: Cabildo; 
and below, pol. divisions) ; suffrage and elections in, i, 55, 17, 325-328, 330-332, 
46, 85, 50, 208, 209, 51, 295 (see also Elections) ; police system, i, 59, 51, 107, 
53, 18, 20, 67, 107, 214, 252; night patrol, 30, 299. 

Political divisions - Phil, become kingdom, i, 49, 51, 79; new seigniory, 16, 
135; Prov., I, 51, 53-55, 58, 4, 81, 90» 8, 140, 17, 323, 324, 18, 93, 94, 33, 64, 

33, 116, 161, 38, 219, 223, 234, 235, 39, 223, 304, 38, 140, 4«, 304-308, 44, 
128, 129, 45, 292, 47, 145, 162, 50, 125, 261, 51, 69, 108, 189, 200i 212, 222, 
237, 53, 70, 71, 81, 97, 99, 101, 103, 113, 214; provincial communication im- 
proved, 51, 69; plan for govt of, 53, 81; settlements, vill., and pueblos, I, 56, 
44, 48, 55, 58, 59, 82, 3, 218, 224, 4, 142, 315, 5, 26, 29, 35, 39, 41, 43, 49, 231, 
233, 236, 288, 289, 299, 300, 13, 211, 13, 90, 91, l<^, 156, 167, 168, 194, 17, 
324-327. 330-333, «0. 19, 232, 31, 183, 33, 296, 33, 87, 161, 37, 82, 38, 39, 306, 
39, 117, 304, 34, 236, 241, 395, 41, 184, 43, 306, 307, 44, 137-139, 46, 79. 115, 
321, 323-325, 47, 145, 50, 59, 94, 99, 104, "9, i59, 198, 200, 223, 224, 226, 230, 
235-239, 259, 260, 267, 51. 32, 93, 198-201, 218, 220, 53, 306, 307; capitals 
(mainly Manila, 9.V.), 8, 96, 9, 211, 14, 307, I7, 297, 31, 153, 33, 200, 31, 181, 

34, 236, 50, 159, 261; assigned to crown, 3, 218, 4, 315, 34, 236; barrios, 33, 
161, 46, 25, 26, 309, 310, 323, 324, 326; barangays, i, 38, I3, 211, 40, 348, 349, 
51, 230 (see also Barangays) ; encom., i, 39, 40, 3, 180, 283, 4, 142, 5, 233, 8, 
12, 13, 26, 28, 29, 34, 96-141, 319, 9. 18, 99, i<^, 157, 19, 249, 273, 30, 152, 31, 
152, 289, 33, 43, 246, 247, 34, 304-310, 50, 204, 205 (see also Encom.). 

Offices and officials - officials seldom enter vill., i, 58; gt no. of, 67, 10, 107- 
114, 30, 59, 38, 44, 51, 256, 53, 34; new posts created, 50, 56; reforms neces- 



698 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippine Islands (oootinticd) — 

siutc new, 5 J, lao; natives desire all offices, 958; better gor. with fewer, 13, 
236; elective offices in, 17, 335-328; reformi in app. power needed, 13, 230; 
advisable to appoint good prov'l, 50, 120; officials quarrel, 121, 122; temporize, 
134; efficient officials persecuted, 125; prestige of officials, 51, 187; official yistta- 
tion necessary, 259-262 (see also Offices and officials - residendas) ; depend on 
Madrid ministry, 5 J, 32; posts better for single men, 34; posts urg^d for definite 
term, 34; Salazar praises, 7, 75; ignorant of native lang., 45, 292; ignorant of 
Phil., 51, 293, 394, 397; officials of vill., i, 83, 50, 104; reports required from» 
336; some are respectable, 51, 176; law gov. apptmts., 50, 307, 308; id,, gov. 
resignations, 307. Civil government - app. for, 4, 130; importance of his office, 
37, X13; his extensive authority, 30, 31, 33; rendered unscrupulous by power, 44, 
307; enlargement of powers proposed, 50, 64; good gov. few, 134; two advised, 
37, 33; three at once, 49, 378; hostility betw. and other officials, 6, 307, 11, 277, 
13, 235, «o, 113, 207, ai, 96, J3, 39» 40, 106, 34, 194, 31, 299, 34. a5» a^. Soo; 
oidors subservient to, 17, 92, 96; Span, dependent on, 19, 265; must obey decree, 
33, 73; forbidden to oppress natives, 39, 193, 193; treats natives harshly, 37, 
394; favors natives, 53, 61; trade privileges granted by, 30, 52, 60; reforms 
necessary in his office, 34, 363; must rept vacancies, 38, 74; influence of his 
secretary, 50, 125, 136, 134; gubernatorial terms, 74. Attitude of oidors to gov.- 
6> 307, 13} 235, 30, 113, 31, 339; gov. confers with, 9, 356; ass't in residenda, 
10, 105; recalled to Spain, 15, (7; seeks private ends, 34, 313; set bounds to vilL, 
51, 330; hostilities betw. civil and mil. officials, 34, 333, 333; civil authorities 
suspend roy. decrees, 36, 364, 366; army officers are Span. Amer., 51, 46, 47; 
attorney-gen. urged for prov., 51, 333; division chiefs not subordinate, 53, 73; 
Cabezas (heads) de barangay (native office; see Fil.). See also Offices; and 
Officials. 

Judicial - judicial condition of Phil. (1842), 36, 379-306; law stronger than 
church in, 50, 317; limit of magistrates' terms, 38, 399. See also Legal and 
judicial; and below, Audienda. 

Finances, etc-treas. ooun., 36, 396, 38, 191 (see also Offices and offidals: 
roy. off.); trib. of accts., 37, 337, 338, 43, 301; treas. junta, 44, 151; central 
treas. of ways and means, 46, 80; communal funds and treas., 50, 195, 335, 346, 
51, 318; method of admin., 5, 38, 39; finandal reform necessary, 9, 18, 19; 
reformed, 4, 13; financial suffering in, 10, 370; should be separated from ex- 
ecutive dept.y 50, 136. Govt inexpensive, i, 85; revenues suffident to support, 
9, 267; superfluous expenses in, 367; revenues insufficient, 11, xii, 1x3, 48, 349, 
351, 50, 87; roy. expense heavy, 3, 303, 14, 155, 46, 79; costly to Spain and 
Mex., 15, 370, 33, 27, 173, 51, 118, 53, 89; expense misrepresented, 47, 130; 
expenses met in Mex., 9, 155, 10, 360 (see also Rev. situado) ; money wasted in, 
3, 207; roy. incomes small, 4, 85, 31, 44; cannot increase rev. of crown, 5, 35; 
receipts and disbursements, 25, 39, 6, 384, 14, 9, 30, 55, 343-369, 36, 156-264, 37, 
131-137, 140-143, 39, 103, III, 30, 44, 45, 48, 36, 300, 44, 278, 290, 397, 48, 
39, 44, 46, 323, 256, 50, 85, 112, 195, 51, 15, 93, "I, 5a, 83, 157, 158; sec. ex- 
penses greater than rel., 8, 160; sources of rev., 16, 157, 33, 10, ix, 36, 37, 42, 
43, 51, 118-131; annual defldt, 37, 137; loans, 13, 308, 19, 88, 34, 265, 47, 
13, 43-48, 66, 236, 237; accts. kept in vill., 50, 236; Span. govt, draws on treas. 
of Phil., 53, 95; public debt in, 95, 159; study on bills of exchange in, cited, 53, 
322. For all personal and public services by natives, see Fil.; see also Money; 
and Rev. (all parts). 



Philippine] INDEX 699 

Eccleiiutical connection with govt- govt theocratic, J8, 333, 51, iia (see 
alao Disc, and settlement: conquest and colon.) ; spiritual govt difficult, 31, 63, 
63; closely linked with and dominated by the ecc, I, 49, 56, 6, 18, 157, J8, 14, 
36, Z56, 46, 325, 53, 158; good, due to friars, I, 59; friars meddle in, 10, 78; 
duty of civil authorities rdg. religion, 16, 154; rel. and govt same as those of 
Spain, 236; sec and ecc. officials should, and do, act in concert, 10, 391, J4, 334, 
39, 85; rel. orders consult gov., 25, 189; conference betw. sec and ecc estates, 
39, 207; embassy sent by rel. ord. to Spain, 31, 220 (see also Ambassadors); 
greater pol. and rel. freedom desired, 53, 130; conflicts betw. sec and ecc estates, 
5, 9, 15» 1^1 7, 92, 93» »4, 9. 17, ^98, S'?, »9, 209, Ja, 9, 14, 113, 113, J5, 9, 
16-18, 151-296, 322, a6, 9i-«o3, 116-136, 37, 21-35, 35, 31-35, 37, «», 38, 74, 
39, 9, 2S5, 40, 9, 31-35, 4a, 306-208, 46, 300, 53, 36. See also Ecc; and all 
other ecc subjects; and all ecc. persons. 

Later or modem era - political position, 51, 74; politically immature, 380; 
effect on, of loss of Amer. colonies, 53, 117; pol. propaganda in, 118, 131, 163- 
307; bureaucracy introduced into, 119; spoils system in, 119; in danger from 
Amer., 133, 134; growth of public opinion in, 129; assimilation with Spain, de- 
manded, 130; id,f impractical, 173; pol. development, 148-207; no good acct of 
Span, admin., 148, 149; admin, organism, 150-154; admin, in operation, 154-156; 
pol. factions exaggerate, 163, 164; movement toward nationalism and independ- 
ence, 45, 235, 53, 167, 301-307; reaction, 167, 171; regional feeling in, 173; not 
united, 174; liberal tendencies in, 313, 354; local politics lively in, 314; depts. 
reorganized, 314; insurgents complain of superior authorities, 343; authority 
obeyed in, 253; loss threatened, 361; disturbances in, 381, 383; squatter-rights in, 
306; Span, cortes and Fil. representation therein (1810-13, 1830-33, 1^34*37), 
17, 300, 303, 51, 20, 31, 375, 379-397; Span, constitutions in (1821, 1869), 17, 
308, 51, 45, 204 (see also Constitutions); civic admin. (1822), described, 107; 
id,, a bar to govt, encroachment, 107; land titles in, confused (1827), 51, 17, 
201; new regulations for settlement of, 200; best method of conserving, 211; 
reason for laxity of govt, 213, 214; conservation endangered, 215; govt details 
lacking in repts., 216; ruled by expedientes, 217, 5a, 72, 73; movement to sup- 
press monopolies, 225; id, enforced only in part, 226; see also Com.; basis on 
which Chin, formerly recM, 228; protection of infant industries proposed, 234; 
proclamations in, fail, 249; Span, intercourse with, urged, 256-259; free settle- 
ment in, urged, 264; need special code, 19; gov. by Amer. code, 260; vigilance 
commission created (1828), 51, 54; govt admin, obras pias (1833), 57; Carlists 
in (ca., 1835), 14, 65, 53, 154; rumors of transfer (1835), 51, 295; pol. dis- 
turbance (1837), 63; double-entry bookkeeping introduced for govt, accts. (1839), 
72; creation of new bureaus (1840), 71, 72; critical period of hist (1841-72), 
5a, 208; ruled by graft (1842), 53, 18, 19; govt not sufficiently centralized, 19, 
20; course urged for emancipation, 19; regency for, urged, 19, 78-80, 82; pos- 
sible Span, policies in, 30, 31, 84-87; unwise to make convict colony of, 31; 
danger to govt, in, 40; liberalism must be avoided in, 44-69; Spain not needed 
in, 54; Span, prestige weakened in, 56; members of ayuntamientos disrespectful 
to Span., 60; patience necessary in, 61; Span, policy in regard to pop., 64; govt 
resembles that of prov. in Spain, 69; confusion in govt, 69-73; ministers ignor- 
ant of Phil., 71; govt slow, 71; its method of solving difficulties, 71, 72; polos 
not extended to Chin, mestizos, 73 (see also Fil.); plan for new govt, 77-84; 
govt defective, 78; discontent in, 85, 95, 96, 102; emancipation policy outlined, 
85-87; popular assembly proposed, 87; independence for, urged, 87; violent sep- 



700 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Phiuppinb Islandi (oootinaed) — 

aradon, predicted, 89, 90; pol. facdont in (1S43), 5^> ^^i; indepe&denoe party 
in, 102; special code needed in, 103; govt tubtidizcfl Jet. obienratoiy {e4L, tt6o), 
135; govt primary tchoob ettabl. (18(3), 124 (tee alto Education); reacdonary 
party gaini control (1873), 127, 128; use made of Cavite mutiny (1872), 128; 
elections luspended in {ca^ 1S93), 153, 154. 

Mitcellaneous - Span. lang. promoted by govt, i, 80; Phil, offer increaae ^• 
Span, crown, 3, 38, 39; ezteniion of roy. exemption atked, 108; troublet cauaed 
by official visitation, J4, 318; citizent protett againtt Quiroga't requirement!, J7, 
63; their loyalty, 63, 78; roy. houtes compared to convents, a8, 296; Viava pro- 
poses admin, of govt by com'l co., 48, 332; rights preserved to, 49, 78 (tee alto 
Brit; and below, ReL with Brit); Torre predictt trantfer, 336; trade regula- 
tions in, poor, 50, 180; official visit in, annual, 196 (tee alto Officet and offidalt: 
reiidendai) ; Span, land policiei in, 50, 244-246 (tee alto Landt). 

Audiencia and Chancillirla (highest court in Phil., combining judicial, legit- 
lative, and executive powert): no^ in iilandt, 8, 277; necettaiy, 10^ 45; 
reatoni for exiitence, I a, 132, 133; purpote of foundation of, i, 50^ 51; estabL, 

5, 9» 307, 6, 15, 54, 55, 62, 314, 7, 253, 8, 187, 9, 256, 257, IJ, 195, 15, 12, 60, 
17, 286, 19, 193, JO, 64, J7, 122, 230, 50, 164, 51, 298, 299 ; initrument of founda- 
tion, 5, 17-19, 274-3x8, 6, 14, 35-44, 9, 257, 14, aio^ JO, 185; tupprettion urged, 

6, 19, as. 27, 169, 239, 240, 243, 244, 267, 13, 22, 233-241, 17, 13, 14, 91, 92, 
19, 268, JO, x6, 112, 1x3, 146, 147; danger of lupprestion, 13, 240; tuppretaed, 
6. 75f 7, 9, X5» aa, ao8, 2x0, 246, 247, 249, 252, 8, 187, 312, 9, 191, 257, 11, 
69, 15, 13, 63-67, 17, 287, 19, 19, 193, J7, X22, 189, 46, 33, 51, 299; virtually, 
JO, 17, X99, 200; reHublithment urged, 9, 271; id. neceataiy, 10, 27; id. ap- 
proved, xo; rcestabl., 9, 9, «5, X9i i«9-i9a, «", aaa, 257, 328, 10, 14, 45, 132, 
a57i 277, »i, 96, 15, 35, 39, 75. 7^, 93, «S3, X35, l6, 275, 17, 92, 288, Ji, 95, J7, 
123, 230, 81, 299; reason for reSstabl., 9, X9X, X92; broken up and reformed, 
39, 136, 235-238, 44, >6, 149, 152, X59, X74, X95; formation invalid, 155, 156, 
187; new, arrive at Manila, 39, 28x, 4 J, 20, 259, 27X, 273; opinions rdg., I, 50; 
inefficient and useless, 50, 8, 271, II, 279, 13, 23X-233, 50, X36; disregarded, 6, 
237, 238, J J, 287, 51, 202; cautes demoralization of sold., 6, 236, 237; drain on 
country, 7, 252; burden, 8, 187; haughty, 253; perverts justice, 17, 95-98, 36, 
19. 290, 293; too lenient toward criminals, X9, 293-298; Carlos III conmiends, 45, 
128, 130; prevented from admin, justice, 51, 220, 22x; endangers Phil., 36, 297; 
has no authority, 50, X50, X5X; not always impartial, 51, 95; upright, 36, 125, 
134; respected by natives, 51, 220; resides in Manila, 16, 144, 31, x8i, 51, 163; 
its dist, 5, 275, 276, 278-28X, 288, 6, 36, 42, 16, X44, X45; residence of members 
of, 5, 275. Gov. ex-officio president of, i, 50, 15, X35; character of its members, 
51; offices and officials in, 5, x8, X9, 207, 274, 275, 278, 281, 282, 285-287, 306- 
312, 6, 47, 55. 7, 33, ^ 247, 8. 255, 256, 269, 305, 9, 232, 233, 257, II, xo, 29, 
38, 55, 56, 60, 231, 14. 32, X59, 251, 15, 40, 281, 16, X45, X89, 17, 322, 335, 18, 
48, 53, 237, 238, 337, «i, 81, ««, 30, "4, H9, 1^4, 165, 277, J3. X05, J4, 3«7, 
3x8, J5, 132, X35, *79, a6, X02, X46, X47, J7, 237-239, 360, j8, 257, 270, J9, 50. 
303, 304, 36, 89, 204, 279, 290, 294, 297, 37, 44, 38, 56, 46, 270, 3x4, 48, X90, 
50, 87, X18, 124, 302, 51, X06, 2x4, 222 (see also Officials: oidors, and fiacals) ; 
vacancies in, 18, xx, 48, 55, J4, 289, 3x5, j6, 24, 37, 282, 4J, 20, 258, 270, 44, 
15, 152, X55, X67, X84, X86-188, 190, X93; resignation from, 18, 47; meetings, 
etc., bldg., and hall, 5, 275, 6, 49, 10, X9, 260^ II, 287, 16, X39, X40, Ji, 94, 42, 
30X, 44, X53; meets in Jes. coll., 37, 33, 36, 37, 269, 39. 233; deliberations secret. 



Philippine] INDEX 701 

10, 184, II, 387, 39, 233; length of sessions, 5» 284, 985; meetings, 6, 57, 11, 
38, J3, IC4, J5» 383, 383, J7, 331, 4 J, 173, 180; vote of, divided, J5, 337; calls 
and attends junta, 6, 158, 333. 

Money matters connected with -may not receive emoluments outside their sal- 
aries, 5, 383, 386, 387; salaries, 6, 47, 356, 13, 338, 14, 351, 18, 53, 337, ja, 
363, 367, 368, 50, 87; salaries unprovided for, 6, 343; expenses of, should be 
paid by Mex. treas., 19, 36, 169, 357; expense of, depletes roy. treas., 340; ex- 
penses for, and cost of maintenance, J5, 82, 84, 85, 37, 133; extraordinary 
expenses, a6, 155; fees for writs from, 5, 379, 382; excessive fees charged in, 11, 
2^1 23» 33! copy oi tariff made in, 53; assigns fees, 23, 40^ 4Si 4^! ^^ on, and 
audit accts., 5, 288, 294, 295, 297, 34, 3oz, 35, 193; contracts debts, 8, 372; 
officials of, give bonds, 11, xo; appropriate Chin, money to troops, 13, 333; 
debts and claims paid by, 14, 17, 160, 162, 171, a8, 372; borrows money, JO, 
63; grants money to Lino de Espeleta, 49, 178; fines imposed by, 10, 315, 316, 

11, 46, S5 (see also Penalties); pension granted by, J J, 2x9, 222; other grants 

by, 14, 155» 47, X35, «53- 

Duties and functions, powers, authority and jurisd., I, 53, 5, 9, xo, x8, 19, 275- 
287, 289-292, 296, 298-300, 6, 191, 249, 267, 10, X84, II, 33, 34, 99, X02, X03, 
«I5» 13, 3«5, »4, 16, X7, 64, 166, x68, 15, I35. l6, X58, x88, X89, 193, X94, 227, 
388, 17, 99, ««3, HO, 389-291, 293, 294, 397» 3»3» 314. 335. l8, "4. «52. «54. 
>57, *54t 358, 265, 268, 269, 272, 299, 3x0, 3x2, 332, 333, 342, 19, xo, 40, 82-84, 
xox, XX5, X25-X3X, X34-X37, X44, 147, X55, X63, X7X-X73, X78, X79, x8x, JO, 43, 54, 
63, 67, 79, 90, 93, 94, «70, >86, x88, X89, X93, 308, 309, 3x8, 3x9, 33x, 322, 253, 
394, Ji, 5X, 53, 56, 69, 70, xox, X02, X04, JJ, X7, 20, 73, 75, 76, 79, 84, 85, X04, X48, 
x66, X67, 246-249, 252, 255, 26x, 291, 292, 33, 23-25, 56, 57, 60, X03, X04, 34, 25, 88, 
XX3, x86, 187, X99, 309-3«4. 318. «5, 38, 39, 35, 46, xo3, X03, X3X, X37, X67, X79, 
x8o, X89, X90i 276, 277, j6, 39, 42, 62, 93, X05, X06, X28, 142-144* 173-X77, 185. 
263, 37, 31, 30, 48, 78, 245, 38, 27, 70, 7X, xoo, X23, X37, 39, X04, XX4, 304, 35, 
32, 36, 204, 298, 37, 39, 268, 38, 75. 41, 169, 4a, 259, 44. 3x3, 45, 280, 322, 327, 
328, 50, X25, X26, 53, 72 ; coordinate with Span, tribunals, 5, 274, 275 ; Phil, sub- 
ject to, 275; representative of king, 6, 320, 32X, 7, 7s, 39, 154; supreme court and 
council, 51, X06; check on gov., i, so, 51, 53, 6, 267, 9, X92, 3i, 95, 53, 69; fails 
to check gov., 44, X75; its scope in governmental affairs, 288-292 ; shall report con- 
dition of roy. treas., 288, 294, 297 ; shall audit its accts., 294, 295 ; shall allot lands, 
jointly with municipal cab., 290-292; shall allot waters to natives, 300; shall keep 
record of citizens and their services, 291; must enforce instruction of natives, 299; 
must examine advocates, 31s; usurp authority, 6,239,7,248,249,18,127,34,309, 
43, 274, 275; its authority and powers decreased and weakened, 6, 3x4, 51, 22x, 
222; authority denied, 14, 29; has no authority in regard to war, 180, x8i ; mis- 
uses power, 19, 129; petitions increase of power, 3i, 11, 95-97; neglects duty, 
^5, 15; power should be limited, 38, 74; greater powers should be conferred on, 
48, 231; retains power after Brit, capture Manila, 49, 76; Viana tries to central- 
ize power of, 50, X5; powers proposed for, 51, 224. 

Documents to and by -roy. instructions to, 5, 298-300^ 6, 45, 46, 9, 240, 19, 169, 
X71, X72, 38, 121, 35, 56, 57. 36, 73, 4i, 332, 42, 304, 305, 45, "4, "i, X87- 
X93, 202, 28X, 46, 96, 47, 236; acts and ordinances by, 7, X3X, 3x0, 10, 20, 2x, 
2x4, 293-3x6, 3x8, II, 2X-8X, 3x7, 13, 309, 14, 5«. 5*, 1581 159, 17. 178, «o, X85, 
x86, x88, 208, 31, xox, 33, 75, 34, x86, 36, 263, 37, 29, 237, 239, 39, xxo, 36, 
153, 3^, ^, 4^, 256, 3" (decision), 50, 263 (see also Decrees); letters and re- 
ports by, 6, 26, 30, 3X, 254-264, 3XX-332, 7, X9, 30^ 94, 2o8-2xx, 320, 10, x6, 183- 



702 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb Islands (cootinticd) — 

185, 318, la, 142, 13, 254, 14, 14. xS» 30» 35. i40-i4«. X9«. aoS-lsis, aa8, 338. I9, 
>a, 77-89, X41 (depotttion), 151, 15a, 299, JO, 18, 75, i59. "7. aa3. a37. ««. S<»t 
J3, 100, 24. 186, 334, as, 45. a^» a«5. a99, ^7. S46» 34» 398, 36, 12X, 38, «x, 
85» 45, 57; Ictten and reports to, 7, 95, 14, 137, 17, i5«, ^77, a7S, 18, a7x, «4, 
Z85-187, 25, II, 45, 46, 47, 230, 50, 94, 96, loi, 245; shall forward and report 
on petitions for roy. favor, 5, 290; petitions to and by, 7, 31, 127, 206, 207, II, 
305, 12, 84, 85, 113, 14, 4a, 43, W, 67, 15, 204, 248, 249, 18, 125, 131, 241, 245, 

19, 73, 128, ao, 191, 200^ 21, 72, 34, 433, 39, 143, 41, x«7, a58, 4^, 144, 46, 59- 
Court of appeal - highest, I, 53; appeals to, 7, 14, 104-110^ 1x7, 1x8, 246, 249, 

10, 289, II, 10, 22, 23, 88, 255, 13, 242, 14, 171, 16, 155, 189, 197, 17, 3*3. 
18, 268, 269, 23, 46, 56, 57, ^4, aa5, 3«3, 3>4, ^5, i75, «77, 178, ^$2-2$% 39, 
62, 63, 3a, 283, 34, 449, 36, 279, 37, 83, 39, 14a, 4^, 855, »««, 4^, 140^ 258, 
265, 50, 197, 318, 51, 95, 107, 5a, 69, 106; second appeal of citizens from decree 
of 1720, 44, 372-275 (see also above, duties) ; suits before, and conditions govern- 
ing, 5. 278, 284, 285, 297-300, 306-308, 310-312, 6, 42, 239, 7, X30» 13X, 8, 304, 
313, 10, 248, II, 22-26, 40-46, 60, 65, 66, IJ, 155, 14, 75, 16, 185, 18, 3X7-3>9, 
24, 306, 309, 25, 232-239, 34, 206, 434, 435, 440, 38, 75, 39, X65, 280, 41, 27, 
255-257, 261-263, 50, 206; confirms sentence, 7, 105, no; revises id., X06-110; 
sentences traitors, 14, 130; acquits Tenorio, 24, 312; transgressors sent to, 80, 
241. 

Relations with governor, 6, 25, 68, 251, 252, 259, 263, 7, 105-xio, 1x6, 9, 
x8, 223, 229, 23X, 235, 236, 246, 248, 250, 10, 16, II, 288, IJ, 133, 13, a26, 314, 
14, 56, 71, 124, 328, 329, 15, X91, 233, 271, 16, x66, 17, X47, 296, 297, 299, 303, 18, 
13, 21, 269, 19, 79-S5, X24, 128-X3X, 170, 201, 209, 265, 267, JO, 9, XI, 17, 53, 
142, 143, 163, 164, 175, 176, 178, 216, 217, Jl, 9, 2J, 87, 94, 254, 318, J3, 50» 
no, III, J4, 200, 309-31S, «5, 273, 26, 127, 294, J7, 10, 293-295, 38, 130, 46, 
32, 48, 139; should not take gov/s residenda, 10, 148; forbidden to meddle 
with Vargas's resid., 37, 50-52, 39, 24, 135, 136, 183, 211, 212, 221, 224, 
233, 333, 334, 347, 34^, 44, I75, i93, 194, 51, 218-220; apptmts. bys 6, 
231, 14, 12, 16, 17, 67, 71, 149, 280, 15, 216, 24, 86, 38, 209, 41. «3. 47, 181; 
should have app. power with gov., 23, in; confirms apptmts., 6, 276; degrades 
subordinate officials, 36, 290, 294, 297. Investigations, inspection, and residencias 
by, 5, 284, 305, 6, 39, 50-53, 7, 58; investigated, ^a, 28, 69, 102, 147, 27, 227; 
restrictions on, 9, 232, 233, 1 1, 55, 56, 17, 132, 133, 20, 98. In charge of govt 
(through death or vacancy), 14, 140, 299, 300, 16, 61-63, 18, 124, 245, 258, 277, 

20, 207, 21, II, 84, 92, 22, 73, 258, 24, 310, 324, 329, 25, 45, j6, 151, 171, 39, 
293, 40, 21, 22, 42, 282. 

Conflicts and dissensions in, and with others, 6, 25, 27, 31, 68, 251, 252, 259, 
265-267, 320, 321, 7, 64, 65, 92, 93, 128, 129, 240, 248, 249, 13, 242, 14, 10, 35, 
36, 56, 15, 191, 17, 296, 297, 299, 303, 18, 21, 262, 263, 269, 270, 19, 128-131, 
175, 201, 209, 20, 9, 224, 21, 9, 10, 71, 73, 74, 22, 64, 254, 24, 309-3«8, 329, as, 
267, 27, 28, 28, 198, 257, 29, 260-263, 37, 34, 35, 37-40, 44, 45. 50-53, ^0-62, 39, 
17, 136, 142, 149-275, 284, 287, 294, 295, 40, 9, 21, 23, 44, 155, 156, 179, 48, 154, 
155, 51, 303; complaints by and against, 10, 16, 12, 167, 168, 14, 15, 17, 9, 13, 
89-99, 18, 14, 137, 19, 14, 15, 119-122, 125-131, 137, 20, II, 13, 14, 53, 123, 21, 
96, 22, II, 63, 64, 71, 260, 23, 103-114, 39, 276; libel against, 25, 239, j6, 63, 
64, 67, 94, 96; Fel. V rebukes, 45, 191, 192. 

Contact with ecclesiastical matters, 5, 292-294, 6, 25, 31, 251, 252, 317, 319- 
321, 7, 64, 65, 92, 128-131, 136, 235, 246-249, 10, 258, II, II, 74, 13, 134, 242, 



Philippine] INDEX 703 

14, 10, 35» 36» »67, 221, 328, 329, 15, ao4, i6, 168, 17, 127, 18, 86, 237, 238, 
240^ 19, 160^ ao, 180^ 224, JI, 10, 71-74, 130, 132, 134, 135, 269, 270, 294, 295» 
34, 86, 257, J5, 99, 170, 171, 196, 197, 232-239, 266, 267, 281, 290, 295, 303, a6, 
40, 88, 96, J7, 27, 28, 31, a8, X16, 189, 197, 257, 272, J9, i9if 3^, 256, 257, 34, 
32, 430, 35, «8, 321, 36, 31, xai, 246, 37, 14. a«, >09» «iOi 196, «5» 281, 38, 
8a, 83, 39, 17, 14a, 143, «49-a75, *78, 284. a87, a«8, 294, 295, 299, 40, 9, 21, 23, 
as. 41, 27, 133, 171, 187, 233, 255-258, 261-263, 271, 272, 4a, 31, 68, 102, 103, 144, 
187, 258, 43, 85, 44, 95, 117, X47, 155, 156, 179, 45, 102, III, 118, 124-X27, 198, 
199, a6i, 309, 47, i35» 153, 50, 25, 51, 303» 306; threatened with Inquis., 7, 93; 
excommunicated, 27, 28, 39, 50; aidi hosp., 6, 319. 

Varioui other matters - their prison, 5, 275, 283; decisions, how made, 278; 
writs, how issued, 279, 280, 283, 284; registers must be marked with signet, 307 
(see also errata, in 5J) ; reconunend Sanchez, 6, 26, 256, 258; provision for its 
archives, 42; doc. classified according to, 53, 15, 16; Port, fear, 6, 243; favors 
citizens of Manila, 3x3, 314; assigns encom. to roy. crown, 7, xx8; oidors engage 
in trade, 8, 255, 256, 13, 233; sends ship to China, 10, x6; in charge of Pariin, 

13, 159; takes part in foundadon of coll., 13, 185; licenses educ institutions, JO, 
260, 45, 15, 147; revokes grant for Jap. coll., ai, 90, 91, 94; takes no interest in 
Tuy exped., 14, 23; maintains order, 34; receives and reviews troops, 134, J3, 
52; disregards wishes of municipal council of Manila, 150, 152; allow Chin, in 
Manila, 150, 152; restricts immigration, 151; guardian of minors, X65; receives 
Tuy chiefs, 299, 300; takes meas. against Dutch, 15, 2x0; equips Gallinato's fleet, 
16, 283; rebukes Esquivel, 17, xx6; imprisons Silva, 290; reforms in, 306, 51, 
222; approves mem'l, 18, 290; rice distributed to, illegally, 19, X73; abandons 
mining operations, so, 22, 30X, 302; takes part in festivities, J J, 5X, 52, J7, 338, 
a8, X89, X97, 39, 33, 36, 3i» ^6, 37, a8, 39, a86; witnesses drama, J7, 34©; 
extortions by, J3, 63; sequesters property, 39, 30; innovations by, condemned, 
X92; expresses condolence to Pel. IV, 36, 28; condemned by Coun. of Indies, 39, 
268; oaths taken before, 43, 264, 265; oidors arrested, 44, X5, X50; receives 
Dutch envoy, 47, 23 x, 232; sends oidor to pacify insurgents, 48, 27, 34, 35; claims 
mil. honors, 187; Chin, offer bribe to, 50, X58. 

Under American rule: become possession of W. S., i, X3, 46, 34X, 344, 51, 3x7, 
53, 207; paym't made for, X59; Amer. problems in, i, X3; Amer. policy toward, 
61 ; new regime an experiment, 87 ; continues Jes. subsidies, 53, X25 ; Schurman 
com'n, 45, 234, 53, X48, 202, 205; Taft com'n, 45, 327, 53, X25; Phil, com'n, 
la, 25, 43, 153, 154. 45, X36-X40, x8x, 3x7, 328, 5«, 297; U. S. Coast and Geod. 
Survey in, 34, 230; Phil. Bureau of Agric, 5a, X43, x6x; Board of Health, x6x; 
Bureau of Science, x6i; id, of Mining, x6x; Phil. Ethnological Survey, X62; 
Bureau of Archives, 53, X3, 29; see also Books; and Education. 
Relations with Various Peoples — 

In general: surrounded by enemies, 6, X78, 13, 237, 238, 18, X2x, so, 73, 139, 
34, 302, 37, X41, 142, x66, 30, 31, 34, 58, 48, 202, 224; ownership coveted, 19, 
244; abandonment would enrich enemies of Spain, 48, 2x5; massacre of foreign- 
ers in, 17, 30X; depend on foreigners, 51, 43; foreigners allowed to trade in 
prov., 5a, XX3; have little intercourse with other countries, 51, X52; see also 
above. Pop. 

With peoples native to Philippines: hostilities, 6, X45, IJ, X59, 13, 235, 241, 

14, 55, X42, X45, aa, 2IX, 34, 202, a8, 2x8, 39, 74, 76, 38, X56; piratical raids, 
and invasions, 7, 165, 11, 265, 18, 33X, 19, X98, J J, 202, 2xx, 224, 296, 33, 87, 
34, X4, 79, X02, X04, X42, j6, 285, 37, "3, 314. 346, a8, 24, 25, 99, ^9, 14, 75. 



704 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

PiuuppiMB Islands (continued) — 

116-134, 40, ia6. 130, 41. a?. »«. «S4, a77. a7»» 3i9-3a3. 4a» 1J4» 46, 13, S4» »•. 
68, 51, 196, 363, 364 (see also Mor.) ; mutual relations widespread, 16, tat; 
treaty, 33, 99 (see alio Treaties) ; colony a check 00 Moro pirates, J7, 70^ 71, 
1Z3; Phil, free from their raids, 35, 13, 134; see alio the various natire peoples. 
/TiM all others: Jap.- pirates, 6, 356; hostilities, 8, 361, 9, 10, 34, 39, 41, 43, 
48-51. 53. «34. 149. 307. 10, II, 84, 13. a8o^ 14. ai9. i», »Sh '6, 370^ 379, 381, 

17, 3«9. 19, ". ". i^. 57. 95. X79. «8o^ ««. «^9. ^5. 44. ^7. 49. "3. "4. i«9; 
trade in, 8, 361, 18, 195 (see also Com.) ; cnyoy acquainted with PhiL, 9, a6; 
friendly relationi, 17, 319; slaves in, 18, 63; see also Jap. Molnocan alliance 
against, 15, 347, 34, 18, 310 (see also Is.: Moluccas; and Moluccans. ChiiL- 
hostilities, ao, 169, 38, 315, 41, z6i, 310, 311 (see also Chin.; Insurrections; 
Kue-Sing; and Limahon) ; with Siam, J4, 307 (see also Siam; and Siamese); 
with Camboja, 307, 31, 179 (see also, Cambodians; and Camboja). Span. -see 
Mex.; Peru; Span.; and throughout this caption. Port -not occupied by, i, 33; 
hostilities by, 34, 18, 310; see also Port; and above Disc, and settlement Brit- 
Candish and his invasion, 6, 313, 7, 53, 67, 68, 81, 15, 391-399, 16, 137, 34t 3<^ 
393-396 (see also Candish) ; other hostilities, ao, 30^ 39, 10, 47, 17, 333, 48, 331, 

50, 69, 180, 185, 51, 37 -and especially the invasion and capture of Manila 
(1763-64), 49 (throughout; the cession, 66, 69, 71, 78, 151, 338, 339, 341, 369, 
373; held in deposit, 141; trade with Eng. forbidden, 150; see also Manila); 
see also Brit. Dutch - hostilities, 8, 385, 13, 116-118, 14, 59, 15, 306, 310^ 336, 
17, lo, 100, 351, 18, 198, 345, 19, 17, 18, n6, 161-165, ao, 31, 30, 44, 139, 135, 
169, 345, JJ, 67, n6, 169. 173, »". ^4, 79. 97. ^5, 5*. ^5. «4-»7, 35. a74, 36, 
Hf 37, 1^7. 44. a83. 284. 47. 17. a33. 5^, 313 ; check on Dutch, J7, 84-86, 109, 
no, 118, 151, 308, 309, 30, 37, 39, 38-41; Dutch covet, 41, 107; see alio Dutch; 
and Holland. 

Individual Islands and Groups — 

In general: near Manila, 3, 151; islets dependent on, 5, 47-53, 73; near Lui^ 
7, 42, 45, 399 ; Manila located on, 7, 58 ; in Camarines Prov., 9, loi ; in lake of 
Bay, 13, 216, 16, 106; of gold, at Cavite, 15, 373; in Manila Bay, ai, 138; near 
Paragua, 40, 42; in Lake Sanao, 44, 64; some have several names, 38, 369. 
Granted to colonists, 3, 153; uninhabited, 169, 193, 196; mines on, 3, 169; goats 
numerous in, I3, 188; pacified by Span., 3, 183; trib. in various, 7, 43, 43; con- 
quest neglected, 145; yet undiscovered, 8, 115; Dutch on, 15, 366; Chris, natives 
flee to, 36, 60. 

Names — 

Abarien, identified, 33, 335; Magalhaes passes^ 113; chart, I03, 333; see also 
below, Cabalariiin. 

Abuyo ( Abbuyo, Buio, Bujro ; name for Leyte, g.v,),a, 71, 147, 148, 303-305, 3, 169. 

Acquada da li buoni Segnialli (Aguada ly boni Segnali, Buenas Sefias, Waters 
ing Place of good Signs), 33, 107, 333 (see alio below Homonh6n, and Malh6n). 

Acuyo (Cuyo, g.v.?), Goiti in, 3, 146, 147; granted to Haya, 34, 288. 

Aguada, in Naranjos group, 49, 57. 

Agutaya (Acutaya), sutus (1878), a8, 333; Mor. raid, 36, 177; port on, 
maintained by natives, 50, 85. 

Alutaya (Alutiya), location and description, 3i, 313; Rec. in, 315, a8, 152, 

41, 193- 
Ambit (Anbil), described, 5, 75; size, 9, 99; chart, 43, 139; copper found in, 

51, 143; under jurisd. of Arevalo, 5, 77; trib. (1594). 9. 99* 



i 



Philippine] INDEX 705 

AmboI6n, location and size, 43, 13a. 
Anacebu, Dutch near, 11, 331. 
Aperri, one of Babuyanes {g*v,), 8, 114. 
Apit, location, 33, 33a 

Babao, in juritd. of Cebd, 18, 105, 19, 28a; corridor, aa, 335; Jet. in, 10, 182. 

Babuyanes (BabuUanes, Babuianos, Babuyan Is., Babuytanes, Vabuianos, group 

N. of Luz6o), origin of name, 5, 1x3, 16, 106; Pai-pu-yeo (g»v») identified as^ 

34, 186; location, 3, 196, 5, ii3» 6, 205, 7, 38, 167, I J, 203, 14, 64, 3^, 9h 39» 
97; included in Phil., 51, 163; distances apart, 7, 39, 8, X14; way-station, 33> 
139; coast dangerous, 31, ti6; poor and barren, 3a, 92, 93; products, 6, 205; 
pop., I, 40, 7, 38, 39; natives (description and life), 16, 106, 19, 280^ 31, 114, 
1x5, 33, 92, 39i 97; ready for pacification, 6, x86; unpacified, 7, 38; conquest 
ordered, 9, 247, 248; smallpox among, 3a, 93; hostile to Span., 31, xz6, 37» X17; 
no Span, in, 16, zo6; roy. encom. in, 7, 38; assigned in enconu, 38; status (1591), 
8, 1 14; shipwreck on, 10, 230, 14, 64, 31, 12; subject to Spain, 39, 281; Eng. 
pirate raids, 39, 1x5, 4a, 245, 246, 43, 72; Moro raids in, 48, 172; subject to 
N. Segovia see, 36, 98; no miss's in (1591), i, 40; id. needed in, 7, 39; vicariate 
in, 43, 66; miss, work in, ai, 253, J8, 159, 174, 31, "4i 3^, 92-95, 159, 165, 
37, 94, "7, 39, "2, 43, X4, 80-82. 

Bacacay, roy. encom., 17, 207. 

Bacbatan (Batbatan), described, 5, 77. 

Bachi, 39, 97 (see below Bashee, and Batanes). 

Baga-Rey, location, 38, 284. 

Ba-ki-lung, 34, 187 (see below, Visayas). 

Balibac (Balabac), Mor. inhabit, 3, 2x0; zoology of, similar that of Borneo, 
ai, 31X. 

Balambangan, location, 43, 177; in J0I6 archipelago, 50, 43; granted to Brit, 
43, 177 ; £• In<l* Co. takes possession of, 178 ; Brit, seize, 50, 45 ; Brit, colony on, 
43i 190; Brit, abandon, 178, 50, 45; Joloans attack, 43, 178; scientific observa- 
tions made at, 190. 

Balanguingui, Simal inhabit, 43, 282; Span, exped. against, 17, 304, 43, 285. 

Baluyan, Span, take possession of, 3, 105. 

Balon, encom. in, 7, 27a 

Balonaguis (Balonaquis), natives are heathens, 38, 95, 36, 60; no. of trib. in, 
a8, 95. 

Balut (Balud), location, a, 64, 33, 358, 39, 45; Bilans inhabit, 43, 283; see 
also below, Sanguir. 

Bangaan, in Calamianes Group, 5, X15. 

Bantac, location, 5, 57. 

Bantayin (Bantajan, Bantallan), location, 3, 293, 7, 47, 33, 258, 259; de- 
scribed, 5, S3, S5, ^3, 2S9, 36, 102; size, 7, 47, 36, 100; covered with thorns, 
3 J, 206; pearls found near, 3, 25; wells on, J3, 260; pop., 7, 47, 33, 259; depop., 
260, 36, 197; encom. assigned in, 34, 26, 310; Mor. raid, 13, 147, JJ, 206, 33, 
259; subject to Spain, J9, 281; in Cebu see, IJ, 205; miss's in, aj, 206, J3, 258; 
Aug. abandon, 7, 47, 33, x8, 259. 

Bant6n (Ban ton, Bant6n, Bantong, Vanton), location, 3, 74, 7, 48, 49; descrip- 
tion, 3, 74, 5, 77; 8>z«. 9, 99; pop., 3, 74, 7, 49; natives, 3, 74, i^, no; Span, 
settled in, 3, 74; Goiti passes, 74; subject to Spain, 33, 195, 39, 281; encom. as- 
signed in, 34, 26, 3x0; trib. (1594), 9, 99; Span, destroy, 34, 277; Dutch in, 

35, ^39; its ecc. relations, 7, 49, j8, X52, 279, 317, 35, 86, 36, X96. 



706 THE PHIUPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb Islands (continued) — 

Bantondllo (Bantonillo), natiyet, i6, no; viiitm of Rombkm, 35, 86. 

Barciogama, location and products, 3, 169; encom. in, 169. 

Bari, Eng. pirate raids, 39, 115; Dom. in, 115. 

Bashee, one of Batanes, 39, 95. 

Bashees (Bachi, name of N. group of Batanes, q.v., sometimes extended to whole 
group), origin of name, 39, 104; included in Phil., 51, 163; described, 39, 96- 
loi; harbor^ no. 

Basilan (Bacilan, Banian, Basilan, BasiUn, Bassila, Bassilan, Baasilani, Tagu- 
ima, 9.V.), formerly called Taguima, 3, 168; called "enchanted is.," 46, 43; 
identified, 3, 197, 33, 35^; location, 3, 168, 197, IJ, 203, jy, 325, J8, 94, 33, asS* 
43, 143, 44, 61; surrounded by is., a8, 95; chart, 33, 230^ 355; description, 5, 61, 
39> 80; size, J7, 325, 39, 80, 43, 182; fertile, 6, 6x, 62; shoals near, 40, 42; pop., 
4, 299, 36, 59. 60, 43, 143. 25^; pop- of its islets, 36, 60; tribes in, 4, 284, 299, 
^7, 350, 38, 99, «<», 40, 104, 123, 315, 43, 255, ^S^, 282, 44, 62, 90; Mor. live 
near, 51, 297; rendezvous for pirates, aa, 210^ 43, 143, z6i, 182; Javanese 
refugees in, 29, 29; Mor. avoid, 37, 217; Mor. occupy, 281; settlement, 40, 127; 
Chris, natives flee to, 41, 314; natives valiant, 47, 120; tributary to Jol6^ 27, 
325, 44, 62; Amir escapes to and becomes sultan, 43, 174, 175; chiefs, 4, 230^ 
299, J7, 257, 298, 326, 44, 62; gov. from Zamboanga, 36, 103; trib. paid in, 4, 
299, aS, 95; Tuambaloca retires to, 41, 298. Natives Mahometans, 40, 6a, 130; 
becomes heathen, 62; indigenous race, Chris., 43, 255; need miss's, J7, 303; con- 
tact with Christianity, 299, 326, j8, 94, 358, J9, 178, 36, 57f a«3. 44t xSt ^ 
75, 90; merchantman from, in Mindanao, 10, 65; hostile vessels at, li, 294; aid 
from, sent to Mindanao, 297; natives of, pillage Jold, 39, 165; Corralafs relations 
with, 41, 296, 303; Port relations with, J, 267, 4, 230; Span, relations with, 4, 236, 
299, M, 210, 2X1, J7, 215, 2x6, 257, 298, 326, aS, 48, J9, 131, 144, 161, 281, 38, 
Z34, 46, 37, 40, 49, 186 (see also above, in govt, relations). 

Batac, chart, 5^, 354,' PoP-, 5, 59; J«^ "», 13. 209. 

Batan (off £. coast of Albay Prov.), Jes. in, aS, 92. 

Batin (Batan, Bat&n; largest of Batanes), location, 3a, 91; fertile, 39, 97; 
Dom. admin., J8, 160. 

Batanes (sometimes called Bachi or Bashee Is.; group N. of Luz6n), location, 
3, 196, 39, 97, 50, 56; formation possibly changed, 43, 81; unhealthful for 
Europeans, 82 ; named and described, 95-97 ; gold mines in, 98 ; fruits, 98 ; mnf res., 
105. Pop. (1690), 39, 99; characteristics of natives, 39, 99, 106, 107, X12; dieir 
lang., 97, 104; food and drink, 98, 102-104, 106, 107, 109; dress, 99; ornaments, 
100, 105; weapons and armor, Z05; occupations and industries, 97, 100-102, zo6; 
their ships, Z02; their bellows, zo2; women, zo2, zo6, 112; punishment for crime 
among, Z05; land ownership among, zo6; have no wts. and meas., Z07; trade 
among, 97, Z05, zo8, Z09; desire iron, zo8, zz2; coins, Z07; native towns, zoz, 102; 
condition, 50, 63. Govt of, 39, Z05; Span, conquest and estab. of govt (Z79Z), 
17, S99, 43, 81, 50, 56; hist (Z79Z-1899), 43, 8z; insurgents devastate, 8 z. 
Religion of natives, 39, Z05; subject to N. Segovia see, a8, 26z, 287, 289; no. of 
curacies in, 289; miss, among, Z74, 232, 41, 25Z, 43, Z4, 78, 80-82, 48, Z3z; no. of 
schools in, 46, zoi. 

Batayan (Vatayan), pearls in, 34, 285; rel. status (Z594), 9, zo2. 

Baybay (Baibai, Bai Bai, Barbai, misprint, Baybai; name applied to N. part of 
Leyte, g.v., and by extension to entire is.), 3, Z69, Z93, Z94, 5, 49, 33, zza, Z33, 
3*5, 330. 



Philippine] INDEX 707 

Baybaydn (ii.?), mist, work in, ai, 164. 

Bayugo, location and products, 3, 169; encom. in, 169. 

Beguindanao (Beguendanao), a, x86 (see below, Mindanao). 

BejucAy, Rec. in, j8, 153. 

Bendenao (Bindanao), a, 35, 64, 3, 277 (see below Mindanao). 

Bexde, chart, 43, 129. 

Biliran, formerly called Panamao {q»v,)t 13, 19, 178; location, 6, 302, I3» 178; 
sulphur deposits in, 6, 302. 

Bindoro, 3, 74 (see below Mindoro). 

Binglas, name for Negrot (q.v,)^ J, 127. 

Binorboran, in Calamianes Group, 5, X15. 

Biraban Batolach (Virano Batolaque), probably S. part of Mindanao (g.v»)f 
S3f 357; location, 357; chart, 360. 

Bisayas (Bissayas), 8, 122, la, 205, 49, 42, 43, 5a, 58 (see below. Pintados, 
and Visayas). 

Bisucay (Bisucag), in Cujros Group, 5, 73. 

Bohol (Boh61, Bojol, Bool, Vohol, one of Visayas), location, J, 119, 3, 196, 8, 
45, 7, 47, la, »>3, 3x3, J3, 164, ^4, "^, ^8, 3»5, 33, 205, 49, 33, 92; reached 
by sea, 13, 169; size, 5. 45, 47, 7, 47, 9, 98, ««, 300, 17, ao7, 36, too, xox, 49, 
30; description, la, 300, 301, 49, 34; is. near, 5, 65, 13, 206; ravines in, 38, 89; 
strait near, 40, 313; chart, 33, 112, 136, 325, 33X. Soil unproductive, a8, 339; 
botany of, IJ, 300, 30X; poisonous herb in, 16, 100; products, 3, 196, 5, 47, la, 
300, a8, 89. a9, 298, 34, ^85, 49, 34- Pop., 7, 47, 9, 98, i^, 300, a8, 338, 49, 
34, 40; tribes in, 5, X31, 40, xx2; no Negritos in, 33, 348; people of, migrate to 
Negros, a8, 322; origin of natives, 40, 44; growth of pop. in, a8, 331, 334, 336, 
337; pop* (1878), 338; no polygamy among, la, 30X; pestilence among, 311; 
burial customs of, ai, 208, 40, 80^ 82; slavery in, a9, 281; encom. in, 5, 45, 55, 
7, 270, 14, 246, 34, 26, 3x0; trib. in, 7, 47, a8, 88, 337; new settlements formed 
in, 51, 13, 52; see also Fil.: Boholans. Subject to Cebu see, 18, X03, a8, X78, 
179, 3^t 87; miss, work, etc., in, 9, 98, 11, 208-2x5, la, 23, 24, 207, 301, 302, 
310-3x3, 13, 9, ", 13, 14, «^, «7, 4^, 47. 13^-150, 203-207, 17, 12, 65, 66, 207, 208, 
23, 164, 229, J7, 293, j8, 88, X5X, X7X, 3*8-340, 348, 36, 55, 2xx, 38, 87, 44, 54, 
6x, 49, 34, 50, 290; episcopal visitation of, 13, 203-207, a8, 280; Jes. own ranch 
in, 50, 304; hosp., 17, 67, 68; schools, a8, 337, 46, xox. Ternatans desecrate 
graves in, I J, 307; Mor. menace and raid, 13, X7, X47, 25, X54, 41, 309; ren- 
dezvous for pirates, 43, 182. Magalhies's exped. at, i, 265, 33, 21, X33, 349; 
"Concepcion" burned at, i, 328, 33, 199; Port ravage, J, x6, X7, 34, X7, 2ox, 41, 
278; Span, relations with (many insurrections), J, xx7, X26, 206-210, 2x2, 3, X29, 
26X, IJ, 30X, 13, 80-85, 17, 207, a4, X4, 116, xx8, J8, 3*7-331, 334-337, ^9, a8x, 
34, 197, 303, 38, XX, 87-9X, 49, 42, X79, 50, 50, 5x; erected as prov. (July 22, 
X854), j8, 325. 

Bolinao^ location, ai, X78; consists of four is., 36, 197; inhab. of, ai, 178, 179; 
Rec in, 178, X79; forms boundary of Manila abrpc, 36, 197. 

Bonga, ceded to Eng., 46, 48. 

Buad, location, u, 297. 

Buenas Senas, 33, 324. See below, Malh6n. 

Buglas, name for Negros (9.V.), 3, X94. 

Buliano, location, 6, xio; Loarca in, ixo. 

Buliano, Span, in, 6, xxo [probably same is. as Bolinao, g,v^ above]. 

Bunwoot (former name for Bonga, q,v^ above), 46, 4S. 



7o8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippini Islands (oootiniMd) — 

Buracay, described, 5, 75; sixe, 9, 99; under jurisd. of Arevalo, 5, 77; status, 
8, 135; trib. (1594). 9, 99. 

Burlas (Burias, Burlas, Burtas), origin, 4, 376, 38, 63; location, 7, 48, 49, 41, 
312 ; size, 213, 242; located oo strait, 16, 202; way-station, 41. 20^ 216; described^ 
212, 2x3. Trees scarce in, J4, 138; copper in, 51, 143. Pop., 7, 49, 41, 212; na* 
tives, 16, no; status (1591), 8, 127. Jobans coast along, J4, 138; Moro raida 
in, 48, Z72, 51, 28; subject to Spain, J9, 281. Abprc of Manila ends with, 36, 
196; in N. Ciiceres see, 19, 282, a8, 153, 285; miss'y labors, etc^ in, 7, 49, 23, 

««9. ^4, X37» «38» 154. i75f 36, 176, 41, aii ai3-a3i, 243; sec. admin., 36, 99; no. 
of schools in, 46, zoa 

Busuanga (Busuigan, Busvagan, Busvazon, ButuagAn - mispr., Buvugan), lo- 
cation, ai, 309; size, 43, 132, 49, 31; climate, ai, 226; described, 305; Rec in, 
a8, IS2. 

Butuan (dist in Mindanao, g,v,; name sometimes extended for entire is.), 3, 47, 
34, 184. 

Buyon, described, 5, zot; rqy. encom. in, 8, 122. 

Cabalian, a, zz8 (see below, Leyte). 

Cabalariin, Abarien conjectured to be, 33, 325. 

Cabanga, in Calamianes Group, 5, Z15. 

Cabo, 33, 330 (see below, Ceb<S). 

Cabras (Cabra), origin of name, 5, 75; location, la, 203; size, 9, 99; chart, 
49, frontispUce; under jurisd. of Arey^do^ 5, 77; trib. in (1594)9 9, 5^; subject 
to Spain, 29, 281 ; see also below, Simara. 

Cabugan, is. identified as, 33, 325. 

Cabuyan, status (1591), 8, 134, 135. 

Ca^, location, 15, 69; Dasmarifias slain at, 37, 190; see also below Marikaban. 

Cadnuyan (Capnoyan), in Cuyos Group, 5, 73. 

Cagayancilo (in Cagayanes group), Aug. in, 33, 262. 

Cagayanes (Cagaianes, Caguayanes; group in Sulu Sea), described, 5, 79, 16, 
114; size, 9, 99; settled from Panay, 5, 79; trib. (1594), 9, 99; subject to Spain, 
39, 281. 

Cagayan (Cagaian, Caghaiam, Caghaian, Caghian, Caguayan, Cahayagan, 
Cajayagan, Caram, Cayayagan, Cayayan, Fagajam, Quagayan, Quagayiin) Sulu 
(Sooloo, in Cagayan group), location, la, 203, 33^ 350, 43, 189, 49, 50, 61; size, 
43, 189; described, 5, 59, 43, 189; is. near, 50, 43; chart, 33, 202, 349. Penal 
settlement for Borneo, 33, 22, 207; ships at, i, 265, 33^ 235, 350, 359, 49, 51; in- 
surrection in, 14, 246; Aug. in, 48, 69. 

Calamian (Calamian the Great, or Busuanga, g,v,; one of Calamianes group), 
location, J I, 305; described, 305. 

Calamian (Calamian the Little, or Culi6n; one of Calamianes group), location, 
^if 309; gives name to group, 49, 31; products, 31; capital, ai, 309; Span, fort 
on, 49. 3a 
)( Calamianes (Calamianes, Calamianes, Calamians, Calamyanes, Calan)rianes), 
group in China Sea betw. Mindoro and Paragua (consists according to Census of 
PhsL, i, pp. 274-276, of 181 independent is. with area of 642.Z sq. mi.), location, 
7, 49» 97. 103, 12, 203, 204, 21, 225, j8, 278; size, 9, 99. i^, 204; number and 
most important is. of group, 5, 115, 21, 305, 43> 132; prov. named from, 49, 31; 
described, 5, "3. "5, '6. "4t "5. ^i. 304» 305. ^8, 322, 36, 97, 98- Products 
(of all sorts), 5» "5, 7, 49. ^i. "^, "7. 305-309. 38, 43, 49, Ih 5^. 3*9; wwlogi- 



Philippine] INDEX 709 

cal forms in, limilar to those of Borneo, ai, 311. Pop., 5, 113, 7, 49, 16, 115, 34, 
45, 41, 19, 193, 194, 51, 79, 80; lang., 36, 1S6; characterized, Ji, zzj; practice 
homicide, 225; occupatiooi and industries (including trade), 16, 103, 115, Ji, 
305f 307*309f 3>3; prices decreed for, 50, 197, 19S; natives unpadfied, 7, 45; 
pirates, 16, 115. Heathen in, 36, 175; rel. status, 7, 44, 49, 50; in Cebu see, a8, 
149, 184, 374; in see of Jaro, 379, 3x6; commissary of Inquis. needed in, 36, 105; 
curacies in, j8, 374, 277; episcopal visitation, a8, 378, 380; miss, work in (mainly 
by Rec), Ji, 15, x6, 156, 157, 169, 174, 327-231, 236, 241, 243, 24Si as^. 303, 314- 

317, J4, 12, 45, j8, 152, 175, 323 (martyrs), 345-347» 35, ti, 87 (martyrs), 36, 
146, 148, X73, x8x, 186, 187, 41, 19, 92, 100, 114, 121, X22, 125, X84, X86-195, 

318, 44, 15X (sec.), 47, 149; no. of schools (1892), 46, loi. Bomeans raid, 4, 
15X, X52; Mor. raid, Ji, 249, J7, 14, 216, 315, J9, xoo, 36, 177, 180^ 41, 104, 
107, X09, 303, 44, 165, 80, 56. Ready for pacification, 6, x86; conquest ordered, 
9, 247, 248; subject to Spain, 29, 28x; status, 7, 44, 8, 138; corregidors, 11, 92, 
270, 14, 252; ale-may., aj, 229, 41, 191-194, 196; apptmt. to post in, 37, 41; en- 
com., 7, 49 (roy.), 270, 8, X38, as, 195; trib. collected in, 7, 44, 49, 99; exemption 
from rice trib., 47, xi8; chiefs petition gov., 41, 186; settlement in, ceded to Span., 
X90; sold, in, 14, 267; Oyanguren in, 43, 194; insurrections in, 50, 212; wrecks 
in, a9, X59; despatches sent to, 49, 194; ships stationed in, 50, 55. 

Calantis, shipwreck on shoals of, 46, 56. 

Calatan (Calatin; one of Calamianes), Rec in, a8, 152, 175. 

Calaghann, abounds in food, 33, 129. 

Calayan, location, 43, 82; status (1591), 8, 114; Amer. take possession of, 43, 
82; vicariate, ^S^ 267; Dom. miss, in, 160, 174, 43, 82, 48, 131, 173, 174. 

Caldera, location, 11, 136 (see also Caldera). 

Calilaya, way-station, 16, 202. 

Calonga, see below, Sanguir. 

Calumpit, assigned in encom., 34, 309 (see also Calumpit). 

Camaniguin (Camanguian), 5, 65, 9, 99, 15, 114 (see below, Camiguin). 

Camar (^amar), 10, 182, la, 165 (see below, Simar). 

Camgault, chart, 33, 112. 

Camboanga (prov. in Mindanao, g,v,; sometimes extended to entire is.), 4, 218 
(see Zamboanga). 

Camiguin (Camigi, Camigin, Camigui, Camiguin, Camiguin, Camiguini, Cami- 
guinin, Canuguenen - mispr., Canuguinen-mispr.), location, a, 1x5, 5, 65; size, 
65, 9, 99; pop., 5, 65; trib. in, 9, 99; status (1591), 8, xx4; encom. in, 34. »6, 
310; Span, in, a, 205, 3, 129, I5, "4» *3, 154, «55; wvoJt in, 35. 80, 38, 106, 
xi8; Mor. raids in, repelled, 48, 163; under jurisd. of Cebu, 36, 180; miss, work 
in, ai, 232, a8, 152, 175, 341, 36, 178. 

Camiguin (one of Babuyanes), Eng. pirate raids, 39, XX5. 

Camotes (group near Leyte), described, 5, 49; location, 33, 33X; timber in, 49, 
32; status, 8, 132, 2S, 325; Jes. in, 17, 204, a8, xsx. 

Canaguan, described, 5, 59. 

Candaya, 5, 55 (see below, Siimar). 

Candigar, chart, 33f 238, 357. 

Canipo, Rec. in, a8, 152. 

Canigao (Canghu, Canighan), identified, 33, 330; location, 330; Magalhies 
passes, 133. 

Capones, location, 36, 197; depopulated, X97. 

Capul (Capulco), described, 5, 55 ; location, 7, 48, 49, 9, xoo, la, 203, 16, xix. 



710 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

PHiupnMB Islands (oontbucd) — 

34> 393; size, 9, 98; strait bounds, 16, tii; amber found in, 41, 296. Pop^ 7, 
49, 9, loz; natives, 15, 395, 296, J9, 99. Trib. in, 9, 9S, 100, loi; encom^ 100, 
34, 26, 310; subject to Spain, J9, 281; hostility to Span., 15, 296; Span, ravage, 
46, 39, 44; Dutch in, ii, 140, 155, 174, 17, 276; negro in, 15, 205; Mor. driven 
on, and killed, 37, 314, 315, 39, 99; islanders driven on, 37, 16, 257; Eng. ships 
St, 34, 393> 49> 57; "S. Trinidad" captured at, 315. In see of Ceb(^ la, 205; id. 
of N. Ciceres, 19, 282; miss, work in, 7, 49, 9, loi, la, 207, 17, 205, a8, 92, 50, 
293. 

Caram, 33, 350 (see above Cagayan Sulu). 

Caramian, 5, 115 (see below, Linapacan). 

Catanduanes ( Canttanduanes, Cataduanes, Catandoanes, Catanduan, Catan- 
duftnes, Catenduanes) , described, 16, zo6; location, 3, 283, 7, 48, 193, 9, 100, 16, 
Z06; included in Albay Prov., a8, 283; size, 9, 100; mines in, 5, 95, 99, 14, 303, 
18, 94, 34, 285, 50, z8o; riv., 16, 107; fertile, 5, 97; have retrograded, 16, 107. 
Pop., I, 40, 5, 97» 7i 48, 9> 100, aS, 154; natives, 3, 283, 16, 106, Z07. Witches 
in, 7, 193; in N. Ciceres see, 19, 282, a8, 153, 285; curacies, 8, 49, j8, 154, 164; 
first bp. in, 50, 62; miss, labors in, i, 40, 7, 48, 36, 196; subdued by SpaiL, 3, 
24, 283; subject to Spain, 39, 281; encom., 7, 48, 271, 8, 126, 18, 94; trib., 7, 48, 
9, 100; needs no ale-may., 11, 89, 91; corregidor, 14, 252, 18, 96, aa, 238, 36, 
99, Z96; revolt in, 6, 185; status (Z59Z), 8, Z26; shipwrecks in, la, 50, 13, 115, 
119, 15, 21, 237, 239, 19, 197, ^7. i9if 47, 35; prices in, 50, 197, «98. 

Cavalian, location and products, 3, 169; encom., 169. 

Cauayan (Cavayan), Jes. in, 13, 159, 160, 17, 205. 

Cavite (port in Mindanao; and sometimes term is. extended to it -see Cabtt), 4, 
2x8. 

Cayo (Cuyo?), rel. go to, secretly, a6, 41. 

Cebu (Cabo, Cebu, C«bu, C^bii, Cebii, Cibu, C^^u, Cibuy, Qubie, Cubu, Cubd, 
Cubu, lubu, Sebu, Sebi^ Sibu, Subu, Subuth, Sugbd, Zebu, Zebii, Zthb, Zib<S, Zub6, 
Zubu, Zubut, Zugbii, Zzeubu, Zzubu), identified, i, 323, 33, 329; included in term 
"Western Is.,'* 3, Z2z ; names, a, 227; described, 5, 39, 16, zz3, 18, 103-106, 93, 
14, 159-Z62, 38, 43; location, distances from, etc, a, Z29-Z3X, aoz, 227, 3, 169, 4, 
70, 7, 47, 48, X22, 9, 1x6, la, 30Z, 3Z3, 13, 254, 19, 216, 23, 164, 176, 259, a8, 
325, 33f 187, 205. 330, 33X, 332. 349, 34, 391, 4i» 2X2, 49, 34; Moluccas reached 
from, 3, 207; way-station, 9, xx6; gateway to many kingdoms, 34, 198; size, 9, 
97, la, 204, ai, X92, 33, X87, 36, 100, 49, 30; is. and countries near, 3, 72; rough 
and mountainous, a, 24X, 48, 1x2; excellent port in, 3, 69, 194, 49, 34; not thor- 
oughly explored, 9, 97; chart, 33, Z36; climate, a, 24x, 3, 69, 4, 70, 34, 391 ; winds, 
a4, X16; character of soil, a, 2x4, 4, 70, a3, 192; products, i, 265, 324, a, 35, 42, 
241, 3, 69, 5, 43, 45, 7. 43, 44, '6, 102, ao, 258, 23, x6o, 33, "9, i«7, 3*9, 33ii 
349, 34, 215, 45, 225, 49, 37, 5^, 317; l«cks food, 3, 49; capable of supporting 
conquistadors, 34, X98, 208; pearl-fisheries near, 293; has no deer, 5, 45; amber- 
gris found in, 16, X05; cattle-farma in, 23, 159, 160; status (1593), 9, 6x; pop., 
a, XX9, X27, 2XX, 3, 169, 5, 39, », 132, ^3, x6x, x62, a7, 82, 34, 17, 204, 49, 37, 
40; character of population, a8, 88; tribes in, 5, Z3X, 40, 309 (see also Fil.: 
Cebuans) ; no Negritos in, 33, 348; Span. pop. in, 8, 127, 1 1, 257, 16, X48, a8, 
X77; Chin, in, 13, 283; Creoles in, a4, X03; lang., a3, X64, a9, 265; depopulated 
and towns abandoned, 3, 69, a8, X77, X78, 322 ; islets near, depop., 36, X97 ; encom. 
in, 3, X69, 8, X3X, 14, 246, 34, 26, 304; stone edifices in, 49, 37; city and vill. 
in, I, 44, a, 140, 33, X67 (see also Cebu city) ; discovery by Magalhies, and events 



Philippine] INDEX 711 

during stiy of hit exped. there, i, 265, 267, 323-327* '*» 178. 15, 43, *'• «9a* 33, 
18, 137-187, 330^ 339-342, 349; rediscovery by Villalobos, 3, 127; rediicovery by 
Legazpi, tnd his colonization, a, 17, 20, 72, 113, 117, 119, i2z, 127, 129, 140, 172- 
182, 211, 225, 229, 239, 243, 245, 3, 22, 45» ^2, 63, 65, 69, 94, 1x3, 129, 152, i8oi 
194, 231, 261, 262, 4, 70^ 120, 153, 5, 35, 39, 43, 6, 143, 7, 42, 45, 9, 97, l^, 2ix, 
la, 179, SOI, 15, 46, 16, 72, 148, 232, 17, 285, 18, 97, J3, 14. X56, i57» 165-168, 
171-174, X79, x8o, 34, 17, 30» «98, 203-206, 238, 241, 390^ 49, 34; Span, abandon, 
3» 38, 34, 20, 230, 232; mil. affairs (forts, garrisons, exped. from, etc.), 3, 62, 69, 
«29, 4, 37, 82, 7, 164, 9, 13, 243, 293, 10, 64, 66, 208, II, 126, 127, 138, 139, IJ, 
163, JJ, 19, 133, 206-21X, J3, 163, 244, J4, 14, 36, 1x7, 143, 145, 177, j6, 227, 
^7, 225, 315, 347, j8, 62, 34, 396, 42, 134, 44, 165, 47, "7, 49, 13, 42, 43, SO, 
2x3, 53, 258; Brit demand surrender of, 49, 241, 253; insurrections in, 7, 122, 
38, 105, 49, 253, 51, x88. Subject to Spain, 29, 281; cap. in, 8, 127, a8, 276; 
cap. moved from, 49, 34; offices in, 3, 62, 63, 65, 7, 114, 122, 133, li, 104, 14, 
252, 18, xos, aa, 228, 36, x8o, 50, 57; roy. injunction in, 3, 63; trib. in, 8, 129, 
'30, 47, 1x8; its jurisd., 11, 91; official visitation in, 4 J, 306; redistricdon of 
prov. urged, 51, 223, 224; trade in. 3, 92, 4, 203, 8, 91, 10, 19, 33, 129, 49, 37, 
50, 197, 198 (prices) ; ships in, 3, 130, 4, 237, 9, 141, II, 229, 15, 2H, 212, 16, 
264, 18, 43, 78, 19, 197, 34, 25, 36, 145, 329, J7, 39, 34, 396, 4a, 134- Ecclesias- 
tical matters - inhab. pagans, 3, 300; bprc. created in, 9, 151, 152, 51, 1x2 (see 
also Ecc-see of Cebu) ; commissaries of Inquis. in, a8, xii, 185; curacies, 162, 
276; episcopal visit, 280; image discovered in, 33, 167, 33, 336 (see also Images) ; 
procession in, 33, 170; miss, and rel. labors, i, 34, 72, 3, 300, 9, 102, li, 257- 
259, 13, 20, 22, 137, 275-280, 283, 32X, 13, 9, XX, 76, 139, 147, 17, X2, i8, 140, 

250, 274, 275, JI, 12, 127, 167, 192, 268, JJ, 224, J3, X2X, 122, 169, 170, X80, 185, 

189, X90, 225, 240, J4, X4, 37, 55, 70, 82, 105, 133, 140, j8, 88, 107, 324, 325, 346- 
348, 34, 291, 35, XX, 62, 79, 80, 89, 3X1, 36, 2x0, 2x3, 44, 6x, 84, 47, 145, 147- 
149, 50, 290; schools, a8, 88, 46, xoo, X09; students ordained at, 49, 337. Other 
Span, relations with, 3, 73, 158, 162, 169, 274, 292, 9, xx6, ii, 91, la, 77, ja, 61, 
33, 179, 180, 187, 199, 40, 1x9. Port, relations with, i, 32, 3, 9, x5-x8, 34-38, 
67, II 3-1 18, 142, 194, 315, 4, 226; homage rendered to chief of, i, 324; chiefs 
wife captured, J3, 179. Bornean spies in, 4, 153; Moro raids in, 236, 9, 196, 
II, 293, 297, IJ, 39, 19, 205, 50, 45. Palaos islanders in, 3J, 19, 202, 203. 

Cebuyan, 19, 282 (see Sibuyan). 

Ceylon (Caylon, Ceilon, Ceylom, Seilam, Seilan, Selani, Zeilon; name of S. 
part of Leyte, g.v,; sometimes extended to whole is.), i, 265, 322, 11, 203, 33t 
H2, 129, 133, 325, 329, 330. 

Cenalo, conjectured to be Dinagat (g.v.), 33, 325; Magalhies passes, 33, 113; 
chart, 102, 323. 

Cesarea Karoli, a, 68, J I, 200 (see below, Mindanao). 

Cibabao (Cileabao, Ibabao, Ybabao, Zibaba, Zibaban, Zibabao, Zibao), name for 
Sdmar (g.v.), identified, J, 114, 169, 5, 55, IJ, 23. 

Ciboco, identified as Sibuco {g.v,), 33, 357; chart, 357. 

Cibuyan (Cubuyan, Zibuyan, Zubuyan), 3, 73, 74, 9, 99, 34, 26, 310, 35, 86, 
176 (see below, Sibuyiin). 

Cimara, 36, 197 (see below, Simara). 

Cimbonbon (Cimbubon), identified, 33^ 355; location, 355. 

Cohol (mispr. for Bohol, q,v,), I, 328. 

Compot, insurrection in, 14, 246. 

Conblon (Romblon?), location and status (1588), 7, 48, 49. 



712 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippimb Islands (oondnucd) — 

Coron (Pefion de Cordn, Crown Peak), one of Cmlamianet^ 8, 115; deecripdoo, 
ai, 236, 309; location, 307, 308; trade of its natives, aa^. 

Corregidor (Corregidow), described, 23, 196; location, J3, 196; Span, outpost 
(signal-station), 196, 36, 237, 49, S3, 145; lighthouse on, 81, 59; naval sution 
at, 80, 69, 71; Dasmarifias in, I8> 164; Span, ship at, 49, 1$, 59; nou ol sdioob 
in, 46, 100; aee also below, Mariveles (its former name). 

Cubu (Cubu, Cub<l, C^ubd), 3, 6a, 69, 169, 393 (see above, Cebd). 

Culiman, Manobos inhabit, 43, 3S3. 

Culi6n (Culion, Culi6n), one of Calamianes (see above Calamian), fort in, 49, 
30, 80, 85; Rec in, a8, 153, 36, 148. 
)^ Cuyo (Cuio; largest of Cuyos group), described, 81 73» ?• 49i ^ii »7; consists 
of five is. (see below, Cuyos), 49, 31; location, 7, 49, la, 303, Ji, 313; sise, 9, 
98; called "garden of nature," ^i, 307; products, 7, 49, ai, 313, 23, 165; pop., 
7, 49, 34, 45, 49, 31; islets near, depop., 36, 197; natives, 7, 49, 18, 308, Ji, 313- 
3x5, 36, 278; native religion and beliefs, Ji, 314; Islam preached in, 7, 49; miss, 
labors in, 49, 9, 98, Jl, 156, 337, 338, 357, 3x4, 3x5, 24, X3, 45, 317, 33x, 358, 
330, j8, X53, 333, 38. ". 87, 88 (martyrs), 36, 98, 140, X47, 41, x8, 285, 187, 189, 
318; under jurisd. of Arevalo, 8» 77; subject to Spain, J9, 381; enoom., 7, 49, 
370, 8, 137, 34, a88; trib., 9, 98, I8, 308; chiefs, 7, 97, 98; officials in, ai, 3x3, 
3x4, 37, 3x6, 39, xx8; fort in, 49, 30, 80, 85; Tag. chief in, 7, X03, 104; Mor. 
raid, la, 39, 37, X4, 3x6, 3x6, J9, xx8, 48, 48; trade with Calamianes, Ji, 3x3; 
status, 7, 49, 8, X37. 

Cuyos group (according to Census of Pkil^ i, p. 376; contains 49 distinct is., 
with area of 47 sq. mi.), names and no., 8> 73> ^if 305; included in Paragua 
Prov., a8, 175; chief is. in, 36, 177. 

Darsina, one of Naranjos Group, 49, 57. 

Dauis, pop. and trib. (X878), 38, 333; Rec in, 333. 

Debet (now Dit), one of Cuyos Group, 8> 73* 

D^quez, 39, 97 (see also below, Goat). 

Diamis, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Diego, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Diniigat (Dinagat, Dinagit), Cenalo {q.v.) identified as, 33, 335; miss, labors 
in, Ji, 164, 303, j8, X53, X75, 34X. 

Dipayan, one of Calamianes Group, 81 "S- 

Dita, baptisms in, 11, 3x0, 3x3. 

Donbl6n (Rombl6n, g.v,)^ location and description, 8> 77; encom. in, 34, 36, 3xa 

Duke of Grafton, 39, 96 (see below, Grafton). 

Duke of Monmouth, 39t 96 (see below, Monmouth). 

Dulac, inhab. possess amulets, 17, 7x; Jes. in, X3, 70, 71. 

Dumalor, miss's cross to, 24, 97. 

Dumangas, miss, in, 33, X89. 

Dumaran (Dumarin), described, ai, 3x3; Joloans raid, 46, 44; status, a8, 333; 
Rec. in, J8, X53, X75, 333, 41, x88, X93. 

Elin (Elem, Elen, Helin), 3, X43, 336, 81 113 (see below, Ylin). 

Escarpada, one of Naranjos Group, 49, 57. 

Fagajam, mispr. for Cagayan, 33^ 360 (see above Cagayan Sulu). 

Filipina (Felipina), name for Mindanao (g^v,), I, 31, a, 8x, 83, X39, 3, $0, 

Fire, I3> 47 (see below, Siquijor). 

Fortuna (Fortun), navigation about, difficult, 19, 164; Span, escape to, 11, 



Philippine] INDEX 713 

163, 178, 179, 183, 15, 229, asob 236; Dutch at and near, n, a3i, 17, i44» 35, 
244, 246; Brit, ship near, 49, 198; bones of brothers of Miserioordia removed from, 

47, 40. 

Frailc, Dutch at, 15, aai. 

Fuegos, origin of name, 49, 37; described, 5, 49; location, la, ao3, 13, 206; 
size, 9, 99 ; encom., 5, 53 ; trib., 9, 99 ; subject to Spain, 39, aSi ; see also above, 
Fire; and below, Siquijor. 

Gada (Aguada), i, 265, 3St 324 (see above, Acquada; and below Malh6n). 

Galaghan (for Caraga; prov. of Mindanao^ g.v.; extended to whole is.), 33, 329. 

Gatighan (Catighan, Gatigan, Satighan), conjectural identification, 33, 330; 
bats in, 133; sighted, 133; chart, 112, 325; see also above, Apit; and below, Hi- 
muquitan). 

Gibeth (Gibith, Quipit; name of port in Mindanao, applied sometimes to entire 
is.), I, 265, 328 (see also Cippit, Quipit; and below Mindanao). 

Gibuson, Ibuson, identified as, 33, 325. 

Gigantes, pitch sought at, a, 253; Span, squadron at, 41, 309. 

Goat, origin of name, 39, 97; flat, 98; see also above, D^quez. 

Good Signs, 33, 323 (see above Acquada; and below, Malh6n). 

Grafton (Duke of Grafton), named by Dampier, 39, 96; described, 98, loz; 
Dampier in, Z09. 

Great Sanguil, a8, xoo (see below, Sanguir). 

Guancalanyianes ( Calami anes?), distant from Manila, 7, 167. 

Guimarib (Guimaraez, Guimaras, Imaris, Ymaras), described, 5, 71, 39, 266, 
39, 82; location, 7, 46, la, 203, 15, 195, 33, 218, J4, 80, 34, 277; strait formed 
by, 39, a66; size, 7, 46, 9, 99; bats in, 33, 331; industries, J9, 266; sutus, 8, 
133; subject to Spain, 29, 281; under jurisd. of Arevalo, 5, 71, 77; encom., 8, 
133, 34, 26, 310; trib., 9, 99; Mor. in, 15, 195; Dutch in, J4, 80; miss, labors, 
7, 46, 33, 218, a8, Z50, z66, 36, 211. 

Guimbar, Span, invade, 34, 277. 

Hambil, channel formed by, J4, 102; location, 102; ships, at, 99, 102. 

Hibibao, 36, 126, 41, 109 (see below Ibabao, and Simar). 

Himuquitan, location, 33, 330 (see also above, Gatighan). 

Hiunanghan (Hiunanghar, Huinanghar, Hyunagan), identified, 33, 325; sighted^ 
ZZ3; chart, I02, 323; see also above, Cabugan. 

Holo, 43, no (see below, J0I6). 

Homonh6n (Humunu, Jomonjol), 33, 16, 207 (see above Acquada; and below 
Malh6n). 

Ibabao (Hibiibao, Ybabao), 3, 261, 10, 273 (see above Cibabao; and below, 
Simar). 

Ibalon (Ybalon), name for Luz6n (9.V.), 3, '95 ; Aug. in, 33, 19a 

Ibayat (Isbayat), name and location, 39, 97 (see also below, Orange). 

IbugOB, Bachi called, 39, 97. 

Ibusson (Ybusson), identified, 33» 325; sighted, Z13; chart, 102, 323; see also 
above, Gibuson. 

Iling, see below Ylin. 

Illaticasa, small and desert, 40, 107; Joloans at, 107. 

Iloilo (dist and town in Panay, q,v,; sometimes extended to entire is.), 38, 43 
(see also Iloilo). 

Imariis (Imalus, Imaras, Ymaraes, Ymaral, Ymaras), 8, 71, 7, 46, 8, 133, 9, 
99, 34, 26, 3Z0 (see above Guimaris). 



714 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb Islands (continued) — 

Isletts, Las, appellation of Romblon (q.v,), 35, S5. 

lubu, a, 225, 229 (tee above, Cebii). 

Jala-Jala, Gironite'i colony at, 5 J, 311. 
y\ J0I6 (Holo, lolo, Jolo, J0I6, Jol6g, Seloque, Solo, Soloc, Solog, Sooloo^ Sulu, 
Suluan, Xolo, Xoloc, Yolo, Zolo, Zuluam, Zuluan, Zxolo), chief it. of Sulu Ardii- 
pelago {q*v,), meaning of word, 33, 324; identified, i, 330; description, 5, 63, 
^8. 47, 43, xa8, 145, 146; location, i, 330^ 3, 197, 7, 4S, 10, 223, I J, 203, ^7, 
3»5, 33t 2%s, 323, 324, 330, 359; size, J8, 47, J9, 95, 33, 107; small is. near, 11, 
294, 40, 163; beautiful, 43, 145; mts. in, 245; unsafe in interior, 155; important, 
51, 197; shoals about, ao, 32, 40, 42; volcano in, 35, 1x5; charts, 33, loa, 230^ 
3*3, 355, 41, ^95; climate, 43, x86, 187; pearl-fisheries at, I, 330, 4, X74, X75. 7, 
48, 16, 103, J J, 205, J4, 164, aS, 98, 33, 35^, 359, 34, 285, 41, 294; other products 
(animal and vegetable), 3, i97, 4, 176, 297, 7, 48, J8, 98, 34, ^85, 40, 132, 43, 
'5^, '57, '^'; rice crop uncertain, 51, 85; cowry shells, 16, 103; ambergris, 205; 
amber, j8, 98, 41, ^95; Pop., 15, i3», ^9, 95, 36, 60 (with its islets), 43, i68, 
180; origin of inhab., 40, 44; earliest settlers in, 123, 43, 172; various peoples in, 
4, 284, J9, 281, 38, 100, 40, 104, 126, 179, 315, 41, 315, 43, i^ 282; no hara- 
fbras in, 51, 86; inhab., pirates, 3, 297, 18, 79, 43, 282, 51, 297; inognfain 
people, 40, 134, 235, 41, 28, 285, 43, 267, 272; renegade Fil. in, 40, 232; first 
Malay settlement, 43, 272; Malays abandon, 272; Chin, in, 13, 279, 50, 44, 51, 
6x, 86; slaves in, 4, 276, 43, 260, x68; character of pop. changed since advent of 
Span., 43, 279, 280; famine and disease in, 4, 297, 298, 300, 39, 242, 43, 187; cir- 
cumcision practiced in, 220; polygamy in, 4, 300; id. uncommon in, 287; con- 
cubinage in, 47, 250; see also Mor.: Joloans; discovery, i, 265; hist, 37, 325, 326, 

40, 226-230, 43, 272-282; Mahometans in, i, 34, 3, 2x0, 36, 267, 40, 230-232; 
mosque in, J3, 208; heathens in, 36, 267, 40, 234, 235; contact with Christianity, 
^5, 93. ^7, 293, 306, j8, 44, 50, 95, 342, 358, J9, 9^, 15*, 36, 57, 60, 40, 263, 

41, 314, 43, 167, 286, 44, 22, 70-73, 75, 87; agric. school in, 45, $16. Trade 

10, 65, M, 208, 34, 20, 224, 41, 295, 43, 156, «69, 275, 280^ 51, «7, ^i, »5, X54, 
5 J, 262; has no trade with Manila, 51, 297; copper money used in, 86; Moro ex- 
change projected for, 5 J, 352. Government matters - govt, an oligarchy, 43, 280; 
form of govt, 48, x66; method of electing sultan, 43, 280; popular representation, 

48, 166; in power of datos, 43, 280; power of sultan nil, x8o; native officials 
(sultan, king, prince, dato, chief), 4, 14, 26, 144, 275, '288, 236, 7, 48, 10, 224, 225, 

11, 227, 237, 16, 203, aj, 203, 205, 209, as, 93, J7, 27, 298-300, 325, 346, j8, 

49, 50. 95, ^9, H2, 15a, «97, 36, 47, 39, 33, 4©, 205, 225, 227, 227, 240, 255 (title 
of ruler), 41, 313, 3x6, 327, 329, 43, 247, 250-253, 267, 278 (Amir), 44, 242, 262, 
165, 46. 37 (Ali-Mudin), 47, 243, 244, 250, 49, 185, 306 (Ali-Mud.), 51, 297: 
part of Borneo subject to, 43, 272, 273; other is. subject to, 44, 62, 47, 220, 49, 
30; colonized from Borneo and subject to it, 43, 272; becomes free of Borneo, 273; 
becomes independent of Mindanao, 46, 46; Lutaos subject to, 40, 205, 225; factions 
in, 50, 43; embassies, 4, i7i 46, 37, 49, 185; Span, officials in, J9, 243, 36, 203; 
encom., 7, 48, 270, 10, 223. Hostilities in, with Span, (mainly Span, exped. against 
and conquest), 4, 14-16, 139, 248-303, 3x9, 8, 74, lO, 223-225, li, 237, 15, 23, 
54, 240-243, 264, 17, 305, Ji, X64, aj, 2x6, 294, J3, 12, 13, 87, 88, 98, 99, J4, 
37, 145, 163, 170, X75, X77, as, X85, J7, I7, »8, 293, 298, 325, 326, 357, a8, 42-63, 
39, XI, X4, X7, 19, 32, 36, 44, 49, 60, I35-I4<5, 15a, »58, i6x, X96, X97, 263, 276, 
304, 315, 35, 4*. 43, 40, 1X8, X2I, 129, X78, 41. 28, 103, 278, 285, 3x4, 43, 274, 
276, 285, 286, 44, 62, 265, 46, 39, 40, 51. 49, 50; conquest urged, 27, 264; peace 



Philippine] INDEX 715 

with, submits to, and subject to Spain, 4, 14, 16, 144, aiS, 219, 236, 10, 223, 11, 
137, J J, 203, J7, 299, 300, 325, 319, 281, 35, 124, 41, 3«7, 3»a, 44, 162; conspiracy 
and revolts against Span., 7, 84, 97, 15, i3», ^4, a«o, 29, 143, 41, 299, 47. 248; 
raids planned and made from, 11, 297, 299, 300, 43, 144, 50, 320, 51, 93 (see 
also Mor.: Joloans). Other relations - Port artillery in, 4, 298; Dutch relations 
with, 35, 234, 37, 167, 41, 106; Eng. relations with, 43, I75, 49, 4«, 43, ^52, 50, 
45, 51, 37; Amer. exped. in, 43, 131-192; foreigners commit frauds in, 51, 56; 
relations with Phil, peoples, 10, 224, 225, 39, 33, 40, X17, 41, 30x, 302, 3x6, 44, 
X42, 49, 29, 50, 45. 

Jomonjol, 33^ 324 (see below Malh6n). 

Jula (J0I6?), location, 7, 54. 

Ka-may-en, 34, 187 (see below, Mindoro). 

Lacay-Lacay, dato conunits piracies, 41, 3x3. 

Laguan, chart, 5J, 354. 

Lagunay, encom. in, 7, 271. 

Lalataya, Span, fort in, 49, 3a 

Lampon, location, 49, 39; gall, at, 39. 

Leyte (Abujro, Baybay-^.v., Cabalian, Ceyloo, q.v., Leito, Leite, Le3rt6, L^yte, 
St John, one of Visayas Group), confusion rdg., i, 322, 323; early names, J, 66, 
7X, 1x8, 5, 49; first to receive name "Filipinas,*' i, 3x; identified, i, 322, 3, X93, 
33t 329, 330, 38, 269, 270 (St John), one of Pintados, 9, 193; described, 5, 49, 
5x, I J, 22, 280-282, 36, loi; location, 3, X69, X93, X94, 7, 47, 9, 96, I J, 203, 296, 
313, 33t 330, 41. 2", 51, X44; is. near, 13, 178, a8, 325, 33, 33°, 49, S3; •>«, 
3, X93, 9, 96, I J, 204, 280^ 28X, j8, 89, 49, 30; charts, 33, xi2, 325; climate, IJ, 
28x, 282, j8, 89, 49, 32, 33; harbors in, 37, 2x3; volcanoes in, 51, 144; fertile, 
a8, 29, 49, 32; products (of all kinds), a, X47, 3, X69, 7, 47, la, 281, ao, 258, a8, 
89, 9«, 33t i»9, 3*9, 49, 33, 51, X30, X44; no quicksilver in, 6, 68; pop., 5, 49, 
9, 96, II, 22X, 13, 28X, j8, 93 (with Simar), 49, 40; no Negritos in, 33t 348; 
Visayans inhabit, 40, 309; people flee from, 41, 223; islets near, depop., 36, 197; 
natives, u, 28x, 15, 52, ^*, 89, 40, 44, 49, 33; practice polygamy, IJ, 293, 296, 
30X; mt hamlets in, 13, 90, 9X; encom., 3, 169, 7, 47, 270, 8, X27, X28, X3X, 9, 
96, 97, II, 91, 34, 26, 308; epidemic in, 49, X94; graves in, la, 264, 265; super- 
stitious belief in, 5a, 331; in Cebij see, la, 205, 18, X03, 19, 282, a8, X84, 279; 
curacies in, 276; episcopal visit, 13, X34, a8, 280; miss, labors, 7, 47, 9, 96, X93, 
X94, 10, X82, 273, II, 203, 206, 2x7-222, IJ, 20, 22, 224, 280-293, 13, 9, 18, 14, 
x8, X99, 17, 202, 203, J3, X64, X89, 229, j8, 89, 90, 93, X5X, 36, 55, 2xx, 50, 293; 
schools and sem., 14, 18, 199, 45, 3x6; subject to Spain, 39, 28x; ale-may., 1 1, 
270, j8, 9x, 37, x6x, X62, 38, 92, X14, XX9, 39, 28x; corregidor, 18, X05, Ja, 236; 
jurisd., a8, 89, 49, 31; trib., 7, 47, 9, 96; status, 8, X27, X28; insurrections, 13, 
9, 176, a4, 14, xx8, 38, XX, 9X-94, xx8, 50, 2x2; shipbldg. in, JJ, 67, a8, 90, 35, 
253, 254; prices in, 50, X97, X98; other Span, relations with, I, 265, J, X14, 203- 
205, 14, 267, 15, 5», ^7, 350, 33. X33. 330, 37, I77, 49, 33, 43, ^98; Eng. ship at, 
38, 267; bandits in, 13, X76, X77; Mor. raids in, I J, X36, X65, 25, z6, X52-X54, 
40, X03, 41, 309, 48, 37-5X, 49, 33- 

Licoyon, Span, coast along, J, 127. 

Ligu (Ligao), aloes in, 49, 39. 

Liloan, pop., 49, 33- 

Limancauayan (Limancaguayan; novj Mesa?), described, 5, 53; Jes. in, 13, X57, 
a8, X64. 

Limasaua (Macangor, Mazagua, Mazaua-g.v., Mazoga, Messana), identi- 



71 6 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Phiuppinb Islands (oondiiued) — 

fied, I, saa, 3. X93i 33» S3o; loaidoii, a, 64, a, i9Sf 33t iSS, aoSt t^l ««ef 3, 
194. SSt 330; chirt, 112, 325; wooded, J, 115; pop^ 3, 194; depop, a, ao$, ao8; 
inhibited, 33, 325; encom., 34, 26, 310; products, 33, 133; Span, ezped. at, i, 
3aa, 3a3, J, 64, 68, J3, 154. 33, 17, «», 330. 

Limbones, Chin, insurgents in, J9, a45; Mor. raid, 41, 318; shipwreck at, 47, 
69. 

Linapacan (Linapaciin, LinacapiUi), one of Calamianes, 5, 115, 49, 31; Mor. 
raid, 36, 177; fort in, 49, 30, 50, 85; Rec in, j8, 152, 41, 193. 

Lin-hsin (Lin-hsing, Lin-sung), identified, 34, 186 (see below Luzdn). 

Lioban, jurisd., 19, 280. 

Lobo, baptisms in, 11, 21a 

Lubang (Loban, Luban, LubiUi, Lucbin, Lumban, LumbiUi, Lunban; group and 
its chief is.), described, 5, 113, 38, 22; location, 3, 143, 5, 113, 6, 301, 7, 50^ la, 
203, Ji, 305, aS, 313, 31, 78, 38, 22, 41, x6i; chart, 43, 129; copper mines in, 
6, 301; pop., 7, so, 38, 22; Mor. [f./., Tag^Uog] in, 5, 83; Tag. spoken in, IJ, 
236, 40, 53; depop., 36, 197; natives^ 7, 45, 48, 48. Subject to Spain, J9, 281; 
Span, in, 3, 105, i43, «4^» 4i, 309. 3«9f 4^, i33; encom., 8, 137, 34, a6, 310; 
status, 7, 44, 8, 137; message sent to, 8, 285; shipwrecks at, 37, 2>^ 3^, ^3, 24, 
4a, 20, 308, 47, 68; place of exile, 37, 270, 39, 136; FiL forts in, 3, 143-146; na- 
tives defend against Mor., 48, 48; Dutch ship at, 11, 164, 179, 183. Curacy, a8, 
129; miss, labors, 7, 50, 36, 97, aio» 44, 74- 

Lubic {now Lubit), one of Calamianes, 5, 73. 

Lu^n (Luzon) the Lesser, appellation of Mindoro (q^v,), 3, 74. 

Lutaya, one of Calamianes, 5, 73. 

Luz6d (Ibalon - 7.V., Lin-hsin - ^.v., Loaoo, Lu^oens, Lu^oo, Lu^ooeSi see PhiL, 
by extension applied to entire archip., Luconia, Lusson, Luzon, Luz^ Luzon the 
Greater, Luzones, applied to entire archip., Manila, Manilas -by extension ap- 
plied to entire archip., Ma-yi, N. Castilla, largest and most important is. of 
archip.), one of "Western Is.,'* 3, X04; name and title, 105, 171, 195, 250^ 251, 285, 

297, 7, »«4, l«, ao3, a^i, 293, ^96, 13, 119, ^S*, l^, »3a, ^7, 7*, SS, 349, 34, 185. 
z86, 3S, 47, 47, 87, 51, 163; best and most important of Phil., 9, 97, 17, 125, 34, 
391, 38, 268; described, i, 265, 3, 18, 19, ^S, 5, 8i-ixi, 16, 233, 234, 18, 93, 94, 
ai, z2, 127-Z29, a7, 72, 34, Z85, 376, 39, 86, 87, 1Z5; location, distances from and 
to, etc., 3, Z70, z8z, Z83, 195, Z96, 268, 284, 298, 299, 5, a6, 7, 50, *. 73, 9, 47, 48, 
Z24, Z50, 16, 234, 17, 125, la^, 33* 207, 34, 37^; size, 3, 109, Z7<>-I72, z8o, Z95, 
276, 277, 298, 299, 5, 93, 99, lox, zii, 6, 89, 7, 47, 9, 100, la, 93, 204, 236, 15, 
306. 16, 72, 73, 18, 95, 19, 282, ai, Z97, 22, 295, ^3t 165, 192, 195, «8, 94, ^9, 
278, 34, 2*3, a98, 36, 99, 102, 37. 99, 41, 93, »!*, 43, i9«, 47, 87; various natural 
features of, 3, 8a, 298, ^4, ^7^> ^82, 22, 183, a9, 278, 39, 87, 48, 60, 81, 124, 51, 
77, 190; is. near and in, 3, 170, 7, 42, 48, Z93, 9, zoo, 16, zo6, 41, 3x8; harbors, 
16, Z07-Z09, a8, 288, 35, Z76; earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, 19, z66, ^2, 

19, 213, a9, 296, 3^f 103, 35, "5; ni«P«, 3, 24, 284, 9, 305, l^, 9<N ^4, »5«, ^5, 
133. 31, 289, 36, Z91, 43, Z29; climate, 9, 274, 10, 69, 16, 73, 30, 272, 34, a8o; 
hurricane in, 41, 105; rich and fertile, 3, 25, 180^ 295, 299, 5, 35, 7, 32, 8, 251, 
34, i8s, 38, 53; products (animal, vegetable, and mineral), 3, x6z, Z71, z8o, Z9Si 
20I. 223, 224, 243, 297, 299, 4, 80, 6, 301, 8, 25Z, 9, zoo, 14, 30Z, 18, 95, 19, 
14, 251, 297, M, 298, 299, 34, 187, 224, 284, 298, 299, 382, 35, 301, 38, 48-53, 39. 
3Z, 87, 43, 224, 299, 51, 78, 266, 5a, 317; mfres. and industries, 3, Z84, 203, 299, 
ao, X50; routes of travel in £. part, 5, 93, 99; plan for railroads in, 17, 310; cable 



Philippine] INDEX 717 

to Spain, 310; highways built in, 51, 59; pop., I, 71, 3, S3, 170^ 172, 180^ 195, 
196, aio, HSf 296, 7i 3a» «» ^Sh 9. 100, 103, 16, 233, i», 101, 34. 2$, 19a, 257, 
258, 261, 298, 37, loi; diversity of pop., 18, loi; native peoples and races, 
I, 267, J, 141, 3, as, 60, 61, 77, 141, 155, i8i, 210, 268, 297, 4, 12, X57, 158, 9. 
289, IJ, 261, 262, 14, soa. 16, 70 (origin), 74, Jl, 240, 241, J3, X95» »9«. 20^ 
34, 19, ao, a»6, 232, 298, 36, 174, 198, 37, "O, a44» 40, 316, 4^, x^S, 43, i97» 

48, 14, 56, 57, 60-70, 73, 77, 78, 51, 89, 5a, 351, 353 (iee also the several peoples 
of this is.) ; characteristics, customs, etc., of natives, 3, 142, 143, 157, 171, 203, 297, 
4, laS, 16, 75-77, "I, ao, 277, 37, 100, loi, 50, 17, i8o^ 8i, 79; l«ng- «nd dia- 
lects, 3, 297, la, 236, 16, iz6, 39, 288, 3a, 2Z2, 226, 40, 52, 53; Span, live scat- 
tered in, 4, 24; Chin, in, 3, 167, 300, 14, 45, 29, 17 (see also Chin. II) ; Chin, 
mestizos in, 40, 301; surrounded by barbarians, 18, loi; Borneans migrate to, 33, 
199, 40, 306; aborigines driven to interior, 40, 16; epidemics in, 39, 15, 34, 25, 
292, 41, 98; ancient graves in, 40, 48; trade, i, 34, a, 117, 238, 3, 57, «4, «67, 
x8o, x8i, 291, 292, 296, 4, 183, 184, IJ, 88, 13, 287, 17, 15, 319, J9, 296, 33, 22, 
34, 20, X2X, 202, 37, loi; tobacco monopoly in, 50, 53, 54; see also Commerce. 
RBUGious MATTERS - Mahometans in, i, 34, 3, x8z, 297, 6, 299; pagans, 3, i8x, 
a J, 295, 5 a, 162 (see also the several Luzdn tribes) ; contact with Christianity, 
etc, 3, 24, 52, 300, 4, X2I-I23, 7, 43, 8, 217, 9, loo-KH, 10, 17, IJ, 205, 13, 292, 
16, 151, 17, 18, 236, 18, 101, 19, »7«-a85, ai» "^, "a, ««• »95, «3, 190^ 
24, II, 12, 41, 67, 69, 78, J5, 218, 259, 317, 253, a8, 81-87. 281, 291, 30. 160, 3a, 

14, 192, 226, 34, 339, 35, 319, 36, 173, «««, a«o, 37, I45, H^, 4', 94, 44, 100, 
50, 290^ 295, 51, 112, 113, 53, 126 (see also the several ecc captions) ; schools, 
45, 247, 299, 300, 46, 70, 109, 5a, 3x0 (see also Education). Discovery, explora- 
tion, conquest, and settlement, i, 33, 3, 17-19, 22, 25, 73-X07, Z09, 141 -172, x8o^ 
188, 195, 196, 221. 223, 235, 250, 251, 272, 277, 292, 295-297, 302, 317, 4, 120, 153, 
6, X83, 8, 9, 17, 9, ", 40, 14, »i, 307, 308, 15, 45, ♦«-5X, 67, 7», »3i, 2%2, 19, 251, 
282, J3, X4, 192, 198-200, 34, M, 258, 37, 99, 38, 99, 5©, 17, 51, 5^- OOVMN- 
MBNT MATTBRS-no Supreme authority, 3, 235, 298; native chiefs, etc., i, 265, 
3, 267, 298, 16, 76, 33, 22, 352, 34, 190; in Span, dominion, 4, 259, J9, 278, 
281; seat of Span, govt., 3, 170, 33, 160; form and admin, of id.f 17, 333, 334; 
justice in, 334, 51, 95; trib., 7, 44, 40, 321; embassies and ambassadors, 8, 2te^ 
26x (see also ambassadors) ; official visit, 46, 14, 58; rights preserved in, 49, 78; 
rancherias in, 5^, 35«, 353, 354*, encom., 9, 100, 15, 50, 53, '9, a85, 34, 26, 
308-3x0; vill. and cities, i, 44, 3, xo6, 180, 250^ 8, 96, 251, 9, xoo, 103, 117, 41, 
21, 215, 244, 49, 3" (««e «lso Manila); prov. in, 3, 255, 273, 276, 297, 4, «o, 
82, 88, 112, X47, 6, 185, 7, 35, X85, 8, 78, 84, 9X, 123, 124, 9, 39, 59-61, 100-102, 
151, 243, 244, 246, 304, 319, 10, 17, 20i 37, 310, j8, 283, 309, 34, »9, 376, 36, 
190, X93-"5, 40, 3", 46, 14, 59, 51, "3, 224. Insurrections in, 4, 153, 7, 166, 
8, 9, 10, 9, 17, 16, 12, 13, 30-44, 17, 3XX, 312, J3, 16, 225, J9, X5, X55-«57, 37, 
116, 38, II, 41, 58-85, 130, 46, 306; other hostile movements in and against, 
3, 298, 4, 24, 6, 95, 8, 19, 20, 284-297, 320, 9, 45, 46, X24, 125, 10, 17, II, X40- 

169. 3x8, IJ, 39, 15, 23, 125, 209, 265, 16, 26X, 18, 9, 12, JO, 13, X07, XO8, XXX, 

23, X3, 65, 93, J7, 103, J9, 94, 95, "6, 33, ^3, 34, J4, 2%6, 287, 36, 262, 41, 
159, a83, 42, 15^, 48, 60, 145, 164, 167, 49, X4, 33, 46, 82, 144; various other 
mentions, i, 39, 73, 80, 3, 148, 299-303, 7, 79, 80, x66, 3x1, 9, 6x, IJ, 50, 93, 
13, 289, 290, 15, 230, 17, X7, Ji, X99, 33t ao7, 349, 35, i59, 4^, "3, 44, '4^, 

49, 316, 51, 55. 76, 189, 190, 5a, 109, a95- 

Maasin (Masin), Massana wrongly identified as, i, 322 (see for Massana, 
Mazaua). 



71 8 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

PmuppiNB Islands (continued) — 

Mabudis, in Batmnes Group, 39, 97. 

Macagua (Managua, Mancagua, Manchagua), a, 305, 3, 47, 5, 51, 53, 55, 
J3, 154, 34, aoa (see above Limasaua). 

Mactiin (Macun, Magtang, Miigtan, Matam, Matan, MathiL, Mathan, Mat- 
tam, Mattan, Mauthan), described, 3, 194, 5, 45, 33, 161; location, i, 324, J, 129, 
aa9, 3, X94» ^3, 160, 33$ 167, %$o, 33«; chart, 136, 331; pop^ 8» 45. «3, x6i; 
inhab. flee to Leyte, a, 145, 146; hostile to Span., i, 326, a, 139, 143; hostile to 
Cebuans, an; chiefs, i, 324, 325, 33, 275; Magalhaes's attack on, and death, 
I, 250, 324, 325, 331, J, 229, 3, 194. la. X7«. 15, 43. 18. X03, J9, 277, 33. ao, 
ax, 136, 3x3, 339, 340, 38, 26%, 49, 34; monument to Mag. on, i, 325, 326, 17, 
303; Port round, 3, zi6; Aug. in, j8, 166. 

Maestro (Maesse) de Campo (Sibali), described, 35, 241; depop., 36, 197; 
Rec. in, a8, 317, 36, 176. 

Magendanao (Magendi), 49, 38 (see below Mindanao). 

Mainit (Mait), 41, 159, 235 (see below, Mindoro). 

Malampiyan, one of Calamianes, Rec admin., a8, 152. 

Malhon (Acquada da li Buoni Segnialli, Aguada, Buefias Sefias, Gada, Good 
Signs, Homonh6n, Humunu, Jomonjol, Watering Place of Good Signs), name, 

33, 17, 107, 323; size, 207, 324; chart, 102, 322, 323; gold in, 107; Magalhies in, 

I, 265, 33, 16, 3*4, 325- 

Malindig (Malindic, Malindus), 34, 277, 38, 47, 44, 41 (see below, Marindu- 
que). 

Manavilis, ai, 127 (see below Mariveles). 

Mandah, location and size, 50, 43 (see also above, Balambangan). 

Mandato (Mandatto), described, 8, zoi; roy. encom., 8, Z22. 

Manicani, is. identified as, 33, 325. 

Manila (Manille; name for Luz6n, by extension from its cap.), la, 203, 236, 
261, 293, 296, 13, 119, asa, 14, 272, 15, 306, JJ, 148, 203, 34, IX, 12, J5, 133, 
39, 94, 95, X16, 278, 281, 296, 36, 99, X02, 37, X45, X46, 40, 5*. 53. 4^, X5^. 

Maniolas, old name for Phil., 16, 71. 

Marikaban (Caga), 15, 69. 

Marinduque (Malindig, Malindus, Marinduc, Marinducq, Marinduque), name, 
38, 47, 44, 41; description, 5, loi, 38, 43; location, 7, 48, 13, 203, 16, 202, a8, 
3x3, 44, 41; navigation about, dangerous, J7, 302; size, 9, 99, a8, 87; is. depend- 
ent on, 31, 78; copper mines in, 19, 280; products, a8, 87, 49, 38, 50, 54, 51, 
118; pop., 44, 41; Visayans inhabit, 5, loi ; resemble natives of Luz6n, 16, no; 
debtors enslaved in, 44, 42. Status, 7, 44, 8, 138-140; encom., 7, 48, 8, 138, 140, 

34, 26, 310; trib., 7, 48, 9, 99; Span, in, and hold, IJ, 251, J3, X95, J9. a8x, 
34, 277; jurisd. of, 41, x6i, 49, 38; shipbldg. in. 17, ixx, 18, 173, 174, i8i, a8, 
87; battle with Dutch near, 35, 17, 18, 239-241; Mor. raid, 41, 304, 323, 44, 75. 
In Manila see, a8, zii; contact with Christianity, 7, 48, 270, 271, IJ, 251, 293, 
ja, 132, 37, 309, j8, 87, 135, xyx, 343, ^9, 3X, 99, 36, 54, 97, xi9. »xi, 41, 175, 
44, 12, 40-43, 45, 53, 50, 290. 

Marapite, Isla at, 3, 131. 

Maripipi (Maripipe), described, 5, 53; location, IJ, 299; size, 9, 98; gold in, 
49, 33; P<>P-, ^i, 29^ y subject to Spain, 29, 281; encom., 34, 26, 3x0; trib., 9, 
98; in CebiJ see, 19, 282; rel. in, 13, 157, 158, 21, 298, j8, 324. 

Mariveles (Manavilis, Maribeles, Maribelez, Marivelez, Mariv^lez, Mariv^lez, 
Mariueles, Miravelez) former name for Corregidor Islands (q,v., above), name, 



Philippine] INDEX 719 

33, 196; described, ii, 244, 16, 107, 36, 195, 196; location, ao, 154, 33, 
195, 34, 45, 36, 49, 49, ax9; harbor, 33, 324; gives name to Manila, 3i, 127; 
climate, 35, x88; inhab., z88. Subject to Spain, 39, 281; Span, in (mainly offi- 
cials), II, 148, X58, 180, 244, 33, 226, 33, 195, 37, 302, 47, -293; «»les to, 39, 
Z36, 279, 284; methods of election in, 50, 208, 209, 254, 255; sold, needed in, 9, 
74; sentinels and sentry-post in, 14, 267, 16, z8o^ 19, 220, 36, 208, 39, 41, 35, 
33X, 35, 26X, 36, 96, 49, 2ox; scout boat at, 37, 130; Dutch at and near, 11, 
X56, 15, 2x5, 35, 26x, 47, 48; Chin, insurgents near, 39, X56, 257; ship at, 35, 
247; status (X658), 36, 96. Abp. Guerrero exiled to, 34, 36, 35, 9, X7, X84, X85, 
x88, X9X, 288, 292, 295, 36, 25, 49, 37, 30^ 51, 303; friar exiled to, 41, xox, 43, 
223; rel. in, 38, X35, X7x; convent burned, 36, X40; bones of brothers of Miseri- 
cordia removed from, 47, 40. 

Marixaban, chart, 43, X29. 

Marongas (Marongas), described, 43, X58, X59; size, X58; pearl-fishery near, 
41, 294; inhab., 43, X59, x6o; Amer. naturalists in, X58-X60. 

Masaua (Macagua, Macangor, Mancagua, Massana, Masava, Massaua, 

Massava, Mazaba, Mazagua, Mazaua, Mazoga, Mazzaua, Messana), i, 265, 322, 
3, 64, XX5, 205, 208, 3, X93» 33f I7» 18. "«» I33» 3«5i 3«^t 33©* 34, a6, 3x0! 

Masbate (Basbat, Masbad, Masbat, Masbite, Masbiite, Mazbate), described, 
41, 2x2; location, 3, 195. 196, 5, 53, 7, 48, 49, l^, ^03, 16, 202, 35, ^34, 41, 
212, 242; in Albay Prov., 38, 283; way-station, 41, 20, 25, 2x3, 2x6, 244; size, 

9, 99, 41, 2x2, 242; roads, 41, 225, 226, 247, 248; mines in, 3, X95, a«3, ^4, 303, 

34, aa4, 284, 41, 24, aia, H*, 5i, '43, 5^, 3x7; products, 49, 39, 5a, 3x9. Pop., 
3, 19s, 5, 53, 7. 49, 41, ««, 243, 246, 247; pop. of miss., 2x, 2x9, 22X-223; natives, 
16, xio, 41, 2x7, 229; vill. in, 245. Subject to Spain, 39, 28x ; Span, in, and sub- 
due, 5, 53, 33, X95, 38, X05, 41, 2x3, 243; corregimiento, 18, 97; encom., 8, X27, 
X3X, 34, 26, 3x0; justice in, 8, 36; trib., 36, 9, 99; status, 8, X27; shipyards in, 
18, X05, X74; Candish in, 15, 297; Mor. raid, 34, X38, 34, ^75, 4i, 309, 3*8; 
Mor. dislodged from, 51, 62; revolt in, 38, xx8; in N. Ciceres see, 38, X53, 285; 
curacies, 286; miss, labors in, 7, 49, 270, 27X, 8, 36, 37, 33, X89, 34, 93, 38, X54, 
175, 345, 36, 99, 174, 176, i8x, 41, 30-22, 2X3-23X, 247, 248; schools in, 46, 
xox. 

Ma-3ri (Chin, name for Luz6n, q.v.)^ 34, X85. 

Medio, one of Naranjos Group, 49, 57. 
j^ Mindanao (Beguendanao, Beguindanao, Bendanao, Bindanao, Butuan - prov., 
by extension to whole is., Camboanga, iV., Cesarea, Cesirea Karoli, Felipina, Fili- 
pina, Galaghan, prov. of Caraga, by extension to whole is., Magenda, Magendanao, 
Magindanao, Magindano, Mindaniio, Mondana, Myndanao, Pu-li-Iu - Chin, name, 
Vaguindanao, Vindanao, Vindenao), second largest of archip. ; name, i, 3X, 328, 

3, 275, 31, 200, 34, x6, x86, 40, xoo, 3x0, 51, 79; not included in Phil., 16, 225; 
included in Phil., 34, 389, 51, 163; description, i, 269, 3, x68, 5, 59-65, I3, 24, 
16, XX4, 19, X92, 2x6, 31, X4, 34, X9, X90, X9X, 2x6, 224, 36, xo2, X03, 38, 43, 39, 
79-8X, 43, X39, X4X-X43; location, I, 3X, 3. 192, i93, a68, 298, 4, 7©, 7, 167, 8, 
73, 9, 96, "6, 10, 219, II, 92, 13, 203, 313, 13, 146, 18, 102, X05, 19, 282, 37, 
259, 38, xoo, 33, 207, 243, 34, 394> 46, 70, 4^, 280, 283 ; in route of Manila gall., 

10, 69; formerly connected with other is., 40, 42, 308, 3x6; well located for 
trade, lo, 69; is. near, 11, 297, 3i, 238, 249, 38, 325, 39, xx6; size, 3, x68, X92, 

4, 70* 7, 47, 8, 73, 9, 95, 96, xx6, 264, 10, 225, 13, 204, 3x3, 18, X05, X85, 19, 
282, 31, X97, 33, xx6, 33, X65, 37, 357, 38, 94, 39, 90, 34, aa3, 36, 59, xox; 
physical features, 3, aa3, 4, 256, 265, 275, 283, 9, 290, 37, 265, 39, X59, 275, 278, 



^^0 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Phiupmnb Islanm (oofitinued) — 

35, 9a, 38. a7i-a73. 39. 47» «3, 4©, 7X1 x**, 4I» S<Ht 43, 144. 44. «»» 8s, 4«. 
a70* 51, 77, 87; mapi, 3, 47, 33, as©* S55. 4i, »8o^ a8«. 44. S*. S^. 349; climate, 
3, x68, 4, 391, 9, 190^ 10, 69, 235, 38, 384, 185, 39, 6x, 6a; rich and fertile, 4, 
70, 8, 73, 9, ad4, la, 3«3; poor, 9. ao> 10, 17, 1x4, ais, aaa, 11, a66, 44, 8s; 
products and resourcei (animal, vegetable, and mineral), i, saS, a, S5, 7*, 3. 
46, 57. «68, 184, 19a, X93, 197, aas, 277, 298, 4, 178, X79. a37. a38, a84, 385, 391, 
5, 43, 6X-65, 8, 73, 74, 9, 96, xx6, 289, 290^ 394, 295, 10, 54, 55, 69, 2x4, 225, 16, 
X02, X03, 18, X05, X69, 19, 25X, Ji, 197-200^ J7, 286, J8, 98, J9, 297, 30$, 3a, 
X87, ZZ, 205, 239, 349, 356, 357, 34, 18, X55, 209, 2x8, 263, 284, 285, 35. 301, 38, 
273, 282, 283, 39, a2, 3«, 65. 7^. 83, 40, X32, 41, a77. 3o6, 43, 141. 14a, 224, 269, 270, 
a99, 47, 18, 48, 279-284, 297, 305, 49, 38, 39. 51, 86, 87; roads in, J7, a76, 277, 
280, 28X, 39, X27, 129, x62, X63, 39, 34, 43, a83, 284. population - 3, x68, 4, 282- 
284, 5, 61-65, 7, 47, 8, 73, 9, 9^, i«6. a64, 290, 10, 74, 225, J3, 165, 36, 62, 41. 
3x6, 43, a68, 44, 65 (Chris.), 46, 67, 49, 39. 51, 79; decreases. 34, 190, 40, X58; 
tribes in, 3, 6x, 2x0, 4, 284, la, 293, ai, 240, 243, J4, I75. 218, 327, J9, 28x, 3a, 
X04, ZZ, 243, 348, 34. «88, 36, X74, X99, 267, 38, X2, xoo, 40, X03, X04, xxs, 3xx, 
315, 41, 315, 43, X43, 5a, 343; Malayan, 43, 268; term "Indonesian" applied to, 
268; origin, 21, 200, 40, x6, 44, X22-X30^ 3x5, 3x6; migrations in, ZZ% 334; lan- 
guages (specimens, etc), la, 270, ai, 2ox, 2x0, 2xx, 2x3, 43, 287, 45, a4^ 4^, 4^; 
Span, spoken in, 329; natives (description, characteristics, etc.), a, 223, 4, 71, 
264, 265, 7. 69, 8, 73, 9, 292, 10, 54, 55. 74. a25, xa, 23, 24, 293, 296, 3x3, 315. I3, 
X46, X47, 17, 69, 18, X85, 22X, 33X, ai, 200^ 20X-203, 206, 207-2x4, 222, 22s, a9, 
286, 290, 33, 199, ao5, 36, 59, X96, 39, aa, 23, 47, 40, x6, xoo, xxx, XX4, xxs, «a2, 
X82, 3x0, 3 XX, 43, xxo^ 269, 270, 273, 5a, 332; tree-dwellers in, 44, 82; slaveiy 
in, at, 203, 29, 28x; Chin, in, I, 3X, 13, 279; Ternatans in, 8, 74; Javanese in, 
27, 262; rendezvous for pirates (g.v.), 38, 267; Fil. renegades in, 40, 232; few 
Span, cross, 44, 84; Span, and Creoles in, 46, 357; plan for Span, colonization, 
5a, 145, X62; leprosy in, 38, 256; see also Moros; and the several other peoples 
of Mindanaa Trade matters, 10, 69, 34, a63, 39, 3X, 35, 50, 40, 3x0^ 43, 
273, 51, 85. RELIGIOUS MATTERS - Mahometans in, i, 34, 4, X5, 93, X77, X78, 234, 
7, XX, 48, 69, 8, 74, 9, XX5, 10, 2x9, 225, a26, la, 293, 3x3, ai, 202, ^^, xx6, a8, 96, 

36, 267, 38, 269, 39, 73, 43, 154, 5 1, 84; heathens in, 36, 267, 40, 298, 43, a74; an- 
cestry worship, ai, 206-209; beliefs and superstitions, etc., la, 266, 268, ai, 2ox, 
203-209, 2x2, 222, 223, 40, X30-X38; sacrifices in (some human), 13,270^ 13,87,31, 
203, 204, 206, 40, 135, 51, 26; blood brotherhood in, ZZ^ 199; in Cebii see, la, 
205, 18, X03, X04, a8, X49, X78, X84, 36, 102; in Jaro see, a8, 279; commissary 
of Inquis. needed in, X05; contact with Christianity, etc, 7, 47, 48, 8, 74, 9, 20, 
293, 294, 10, 273, 274, XI, 202, la, 280^ 283, 3x6, 3x7, 13, 9, XX, X2, X4, 86, 16, 
230, 17, 275, ai, X4, x6, X69, X97, 2x3, 2x5-220, 23X, 253, 279, a98-303, 3x7, 23, 
229, 24, X2, 14, X05, XX5, 25, xo6, x86, 205, 233, 27, X5, 225, 257, 293, 300, 303, 
304, 309, 3a8, 3a9, 33', ^8, 95, 97, X5X, X52, X69, X7X, X75, 3x6, 339, 340-345, 
358, 359, 368, 29, X3, 29, 87, X49, X78, 273, 35, 9, 10, 60, 9X, 94-97, xo*, x62, X84, 
36, 46, 47, 57-62, X73, i8x, 2H, 37, 180, 40, 9, x6, xx8, 41, a5, X37, 245, 284, 
3x6, 43. lox, 269, 273, 274, 286, 44, la, X3, 50, 53, 57, 60, 6x, 63-70, 80-87, 90-93. 
X62, 45, 284, 50, 293, 52, ax5, 53, 54; schools, 7, 69, 45, a99-3ox, 3x6. govern- 
ment RELATIONS ' method of native govt in, ai, 212, 213; rulers (sultan, king, 
chiefs, etc.), 4, i44, a40, 7, "a, 8, 74, 10, 57, 65, la, X65, 3x4, 14, X33, 15, 3x9, 
a7, 346, ^9, 93, 39, a7, 33, 4©, xo8, X09, 41, 316, 43, X75, X95, 196, 44, X42, 
X62, 46, 45-47, 48, 270, 49, x86, X87, 51, 79; subject to Ternate, 17, 3x8; Lutaos 



Philippine] INDEX 721 

subject to ruler of, 40, Z05, X15; native justice in, 33, aos; subject to Spain, 7, 
68, 69, 19, 3z6, 39, 378, aSz; govt subordinate to Manila, 9, 177; Span, jurisd. 
in, 40, 157, 49, %% 3S; govt, installed in, 17, 307; no justice in, 8, 74; officials 
in, 17, 334, 19, ax7, a8, 8a; envoys and ambassadors to and from, xi, 137, 138, 
13, a79, 49, 18a; encom., 7, 47, 68, 69, 270, 8, 74, 76, 77, 133, 9, ao, i8x, 10, 
70, 34i 26, 306-308, 41, 378; trib. and taxes, 8, 74, 10, 17, 43, 57, 11, 138, 36, 
175, 5a, 58; land laws, 51, 84, 85. Spain's influence in civilizing, 43, 249; prov. 
in, 2, 7a, 4, 384, J7, 359, 33, 2$% 343, 338, 339, 349, 357 (see also the several 
prov.) ; vill., 3, 4^f 4i 282-384, X5t 90, 4^, 45, 46, 47, 263. Span, discovery, ex- 
ploration, conquest, etc, X, 369, 338, a, 47, 68, 147, 307, 309, 368, 3, 137, 139, 
361, 375, 4, 14-17, 34, 35, 70, 135, 136, 131, 139, X44, X48-303, 3x9, 5, 347, 6, 
175, 7, 40* 84. 159, 8, 9, X3, 73-77, 9, 9, 13, X9, 30^ 95, 96, xx6, x8x-x88, X95, X96, 
347, 248, 363-365, 376, 38x, 390-393, 395-398, 319, xo, 9-xx, X5, X7, x8, 4X, 42, 
47-49» 53i 55-57» i^8i «^9» 20%, 2x4, zto-zzz, 336, XI, 9, 13, 139, X35-X39, 336, 337, 
339, 366, 397-300, 318, xa. 18, 33, 41, 43, X36, X65, 166, 3x8, 13, X30, X4, X7, 69, 
75. 193. 15, 54i 90, 94-100, XX4, X31, X90-X96, 16, 50^ 5X, 373, 3x0, 17, X30^ X76, 
309, 350^ 387, 3x7, 18, X05, X06, X3X, X33, X87, 19, 264, 285, ax, X64, M, X34, X75, 
218, 224, 293, 23, 981 99» 214, 103, X70, 280, as, X05, a7, X5-X7, 226, 253-305, 3x6- 
336, 330, 340, 349, 357, 366, a8, 83, 94-98, a9, xx, 43, 49, 60, 90-93, X43-X48, X58, 
285, 34, 17, 19, "I, ao3, 35, 124, 36, 57. X96, 41, a8, 378, 384, 396, 399, 305, 
306, 324, 43, X43, 44, 6o> 65, 45, 105, X08, XX2, 50, 55, 51, 17, 49, 79, 26^\ re- 
volts in, 36, X26, 133, 38, XX, 94, X06, X07. OTHEa relations - Spanish, i, 3X, a, 
64, 68, 8x, 82, X29, X47, x86, X97, 206, 3, 50» 4, 7X, 6, x86, 7, 3x1, 9, X84, 365, 
390, 10, 43, 56, 66, 3x9-336, x6, 347, 22, 3x0, 3XX, a4, 386, 33, ai, i99-ao7, 36, 
X03, 39, 8x; Port^ I, 30^ 3X, a, X4, 3, 46, 4, 22% 330, 7, 48, 16, 335; Brit, 7, 
Sa. 53, 38, 366, 367, 369, 39, 48-50^ 53, 54, 73, 51, 37; Dutch, 15, 3«9, X9, 17, 
ax 5, a5, 5x, 39, 39, 47, 363, 363. Piratical raids from, 4, X77, 9, X96, 10, 3x5, 
326, x8, 33X, 22, 95, 43, X85, 48, X63, 50, 320, 51, 93; Tematans allied with, 
10, 4X, 16, 253; other disturbances (mainly intertribal) in, 10, 7X, la, X65, 
17, 69, 18, 22X, X9, 2x7, aa, xx7, xx8, a7, 226, 39» xx7, ««8, 44, 86, 46, 44-48. 
Mindoro (Bindoro, Ka-may-en, Lugon the Lesser, Mainit, Mait, Mind6ro, Min- 
d6ro, Mindoro, Minolo, Vindoro), name, 3, 74, 34, x6, 38, 47, 39, 84, 41, X59, 
235; description, 5, i", 16, xio, a3, 223, 34, 187, 39, 84, 85, 43, 13a, X33, 49, 
38; location, 3, 74, 170, 268, 7, 50, 9, 98, xa, 203, ax, 305, 23, 222, 223, a8, 
313* 36, 97, 41, ai2, 235, 50, 63; way-station, 3, X48, 19, X64; its importance 
among Phil., a8, 3x3; in Mindoro prov., 3x3; size, 7, 50, 9, 98, la, 204, 41, 
158, 235, 49, 30; natural features, 3, 14a, X3, aai, 19, 334, a9, 43, 35, a46, 
36, X96, 37, 190, 41, 158, X59, X77, 3x9, 43, X3X, X33, X9X, 51, 77; >«• ««««•, 
7, 49; chart, 43, X39; rich and fertile, a8, 3x3, 50, 63; products and resources 
(of all kinds), 3, X70, 18, X70, 23, 333, 334, a8, 3x3, 35, 30x, 38, 38, 39, 49, 
38; Manila supplied from, 10, 308, 309, 50, 63; rope mnfrd. in, 41, X59; climate, 
a8, 313. 38, 35, 41, 159, 163, 166, 335. PopL, 3, 170, 5, "I, "3, 7, 50, xa, 303, 
a7, 83, 41, 165, X74, 49, 38, 40, 63; native races in, 3, 74, 5, 83, 23, a33, 34, 
19, 216, 36, I99i 40, 47, a99, 4X, 174, 237, 44, 57; origin, 4X, 257; depop., x6, 
xxo, 50, 63, 5a, 49; is. near, abandoned, 36, X97; lang. in, la, 236, 40, 53, 44, 
103; natives of (characteristics, etc.), 3, 77, 78, 7, 44, a3, 222, 223, 38, 9, 4X, 
41, 159, x6o, 235, 49, 38; rancherias, 41, X77; slave market in, 50, xo; Chin, 
in, 3, 84, 104, 226; trade relations, a, 142, 238, 4, 203. rbugious matters -Ma- 
hometans in, 4, 150; pagan peoples in, 36, 175, 5a, 162; subject to Manila see, 
a8, XXX, 261, 266, 41, x6i; curacies and vicariates, a8, X29, X64, 366, 367; miss. 



722 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philippinb Islands (ooiituiaed) — 

labors in, 3. 300, 7i 44, 5©, 9» 95i 98» l^lf a93» ^l*. a95f ^13, I9if »Ht ^4, 97-99. 
J5, 106, 199, J7, 301, 306, 315, a8, 135, 14a, 171, 174, 300, 304, 3x3-316, 345- 
347, 39, 184, 31, 36, 34, »9h 36, 97, 173, i8x, 187, aio, 38, M» 24-37, a37, 41, 
16-18, aa, as, i6a-i66, 169, 170^ X73-1S3, 1S7, asi-asS, %S9» 43, 39, 40b 44, la, 

46, 50, 5Sf 57, 58, 74, 75. 103, 47, X45, 14^, 148, '49, 5©, 63, a90, 51, 307, 5^. 
49, ia6; schools, 46, xox, 47, 66. oovernmbnt rblations - chief , 38, 70; sub- 
ject to Spain, 39, a8z; its jurisd., 19, a8o^ 38, 3x3, 41, 94; officiab in (mainly 
corregidors), 6, 7a, xi, a40, 14, asa, 18, 97, JJ, aa7, 340, J3, aas, 218, 513, 41, 
x6x, X77, a33, 50, 63; encom., 7, a7o, 8, X37, 14, a44, 34, 26, 3x0^ 41, i6x, X65; 
^ib*, 7, SO, 53, 49 (decreases) ; exemption from rice trib. in, 47, xx8; status, 7, 
44; vill. in, 3, 147, Z48, 38, sx, 3a. Other Span, relations with, 3, 74, 8a, Z05, 
143, 147, h8, «5«, «53, «6a. 5, ao4, 8, a85, 9, 98, 15, 5', ^9, «7, ^3, 195, 218, 
3x3, 3x4, 41, x6o, x6x, 305, 309, 3x9; revolts in, 33, 15, aa4, aas, 41, x6x; Mor. 
in and raid, 3, 81, I5, 23, 2^5, a^^, ^17, a«6, 3x6, J9, xoo, 36, 177, 180, 37, ^4, 
38, 9, aa, 41, S04t 320; otl»«' mentions, 18, 174, 39, 4a, 155, 30, 144* 34, 
298, 35, 18, a4x-a43, a6a, 37, 296, 47, 68. 

Misanga, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 
Mondana, a, 4a (see above Mindanao). 

Monmouth (Duke of Monmouth, one of Batanes), Eng. name, 39, 96; de- 
scribed, xox, X09. 

Monoripa, identified, 33, 357. 

Moro, Span, forts on, 15, 335; its blankets, 27, X77. 

Naranjos Group, names and location, 49, 57; description, 16, xxi. 

Nata, Villalobos discovers, 3, xa7. 

Negros (Binglas, Buglas), name, J, xa7, 3, X94* 9, 9^, 40, 305; deacriptioQ, 5, 

47. 49, 15, 297, 23. 14, 36, xox, 39. 8a; location, 7, 47, la, ao3, 23, 165; siae, 
J, 209, an, 3. 194, 7, 47, 9, 9^, J^^, *04, 218, 3x8, 36, 97. 100, 49, 3©; natural 
features, 5, 135, 13, 150, 51, 77, 5a, 3a7; fertile, a8, 3x8; mines, 3, X69; prod- 
ucts, a8, 320, 49, 37; irrigation and agric, a8, 3ao; bridges, 3ao; prosperity 
and development, 32a, 5a, 344, 345; first sugar mill in, XX3; pop., 3, X69, 5, 47, 
7, 47. 9, 97, 49, 37, 4©; Pop- increases, a8, 3aa; Negritos in, 9, 96, 36, X74, 40, 
45i 125, 305; characteristics, etc, of natives, 3, X94, a8, 3x9, 40, a85, 44, 50, 
59; native religion, 31, a44, a45; commissary of Inquis. in, and needed, a8, xxx, 
185, 36, X05; in Cebu see, 19, a82, 28, 274; in Jaro see, a79; curacies, x6a, X64, 
a74; miss, labors, 7, 47, 9, 97, 13, 9, '7, 18, ai, a44, 249, 24, 46, as, 106, a7. 
a57, «99, 30X, a8, 93, xsx, X71, a8o, 318-321, 347, 36, $6, x86, axx, 40, 305, 44, 
12, 50, 57, 47, 147, 148, 50, 30, 3«, 290» 293, 5^, axs; schools, 45, 317, 46, lox, 
343. 369; subject to Spain, a9, a8x; divisions in, 49, 37; in jurisd. of Arevalo, 
5, 77; cncom., 3, 169, 5, 79, 7. 270, 8, X3X, 9, 96, 97, 34, 26, 3x0; govt, farms, 

45, 3x7; trib., 9, 96, 47, "8; corregidor, 18, X03, 22, aa7, 36, $6; gov. of, 
assassinated, 5a, 59; insurrection, 50, 212; other Span, relations, a, 1x9, X42, X47, 
209, 211, 3, 169, 15, 297, 46, 39, 47, 68, 50, 2x3, 5a, 48; Mor. raids, la, 39, 

46, 40, 48, 48, 50, 56. 
North, in Batanes, 39, 97. 

Northern (i.r., those is. N. of Visayas), raided, 41, 277, 278^, 298. 
Nueva Castilla, appellation for Luz6n (^.v.), 47, 87. 
Olaniban, location, 43, X99. 

Orange, name, 39, 96; described, 39, 97, 98; uninhabited, xox; see also above 
Ibayat. 



Philippine] INDEX 723 

Ore j as de Liebre, Span, fleet at, 41, 3x5. 
Otigan (Osaygan), native name for Tablaa (^.v.), 5, 73-77* 
Ot6n (Octon, Octong, Othon, Oton, Otong, vill. in Iloilo Prov., Panay, q.v., by 
extension used for entire is.), 7, 43, 45, 9, 74, I5» 192, 17, 103, xo8, 138, 19, 283, 

22, 134, 20a, 307, J3. 3i7» 244» ^4i 25» 329i »^, 2«9i 227i 2l7i 39. 22^» 255-257. 
275. 294. 347. 219, 9«. 281, 288, 31, 246, 34. 206, 291, 306, 38, 43. 4©, 1x9. 

Pa-chi-neng, 34, 187 (see below, Visayat). 
Pai-pu-yen, probable Chin, name for Babuyanes, 34, x86. 
Paita, encom. in, 34, 306. 
Pa-kat-lung, 34, 187 (see below, Visayas). 
vPa-lao-yu, 34, 187 (see below, Paragua). 
Palaui, location, and point of, a8, 288. 
Palawan, see below, Paragua. 
Palo, status, 8, X39. 
Pan, Chin, name for Visayas, 8, 9X. 
Panae, the Little, 3, 193 (see below, Pana6n). 
Panamao (Panama), identified, 13, 178; location, 178; products, 178, a8, 91, 

49. 33; ships built in, 13, 314, 47, 35; shipwreck at, 164; pop., 179; subject to 
Spain, 39, 28x; Jes. in, 13, 19, 178-181; sec. in, a8, 164. 

Pana6n (Panae, the Little, Panahon, Panan, Panaon), described, 5, 51; loca- 
tion, 3, X93; strait borders, 193, 49, 33; pop., 17, 304; depop., 36, 197; subject 
to Spain, 39, 381 ; in Cebu see, 19, 383; Jes. miss, in, 17, 303, 304, 38, 90, 36, 55. 

Panay (Oton-g.cr., above, Panae, Panai, Panie, Fanky, Pany), one of Visayas; 
name and description, 3, i95. 5. 67, 69, 7, 43, 46, 9, 74, la, 3x7, 16, XX3, 1x4, 
18, I03, X03, 23, 14, 315, 34, X9, 334, 36, X03, 38, 43, 43, 134. 136, I37. 49. 
38; ranks next to Luz6n, 9, 97, 103, 34, 391; one of Pintados (9.V.), la, 3x7; 
included in PhiL, 34, 389; location, 3, 169, X70, X94, X95, 11, X07, xo8, IJ, 303, 

23, X64, 358, J4. 46, 41. 213, 49, 37; way-station, IJ, 43; size, 7, 46, 47, 9, 97, 
I J, 304, 3x7, 336, JX, 335, 336, 36, 97, lox, 49, 30; natural features, 3, 74, J3» 
3x7, 218, 265, 295, 27, 25s, 34, 20, 232, 277, 43, 136, 51. 77; earthquake in, 34, 
1x9; climate, 5, 26, 67, 34, 20, 232; favorable winds, 43, 191; coast surveyed, 
43, 134; rich and fertile, 3, 170, 5, 26, 67, 38, 216, 49, 37, 38; pa>r, 3, 295; 
products and resources, 2, X4X, X45, 153, 3, 152, 170, X94, 293. 5, 67, 69, 15, 3«9. 
ao, 147, 148, 37, 100, 34, 391. 35, 30«, 38, X20, 43, 134, 47. "4, 49, 37. 38". 
no quicksilver in, 6, 68; other is. supplied from, 49, 37, 43; locust plague in, 
3, 152, X70; famine, X70; shipyards, 4, 75, xi6, 7, 52, 8, 5x; fires, 39, 84, 138. 
Pop., 3, 170. 8, X07, X37, 9. 94, 33, 164, 27, 82, a8, 278, 43, I34, 49, 37, 4©; 
islets near, 16, 114, 18, X02, 33, 164, 216, a8, 150, 278, 36, X02, 47, xx8; depop., 
36, 197; peoples in, 3, 6x, la, x8, 36, X74, 40, 309 (see also Fil.: Panayans) ; 
origin of natives, 40, 44.; lang., la, 236, 29, 288; characteristics, etc., of natives, 

3. 73, 203, la, 23, 16, 114, 133, J3, 252, 49, 38; Chin, in, 3, 77, «04, ^3, 2x6; 
resort for sick persons, 5, 67. religious affairs - deified rock in, xa, 266; many 
heathens in, 36, 367; in Cebu see, xo, 348, is, 305, 3x7, 19, 383, a8, X84; in 
Jaro see, 379; bp. needed for, 378; episcopal visit, 380; curacy, x63, X64, 3x7; 
needs commissary of Inquis., 36, 105; miss, labors, etc, 3, 300, 7, 46, 374, 8, 5X, 
57, 107, 137. 9, 97, «o3, X03, xa, 303, 3x3, 317, 330, 393, 17, x8, X98, J3, "x, X22, 
X64, 189, X90, 301, 314-3x9, 347, 34, 33, 69, xio, X46, 37, 256, 357, 375, j8, 93, 
x66, 39, x8, 35, 365, 366, 34, 29X, 39X, 36, X46, 2xx, 3x7, 37, »73. 38, 3x6, 44. 

50, 48, 69, XI3, XX6-XX9, 50, 3x; rel. statistics, 47, X47-X49. In Span, dominion, 

4, 359, 39, 281; officials and posts, 3, 143, xi, 93, X09, 370, 14, 353, 18, xoa, 



i 



724 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

PHiumiii IiLANDt (oofitinued) — 

103, 23, ai6, 265, 366, J4, 137, j6, 227, 2I7» M^. 34» ao6, 38, ai6, 4», laj; en- 
com., 7, 49, 270^ 8, 106, 107, I3a-X37» 9, 97 (roy.)» "7. ii. «o7, xot (rqjr.), 14. 
246, 34t a6, 3<H-3o6> 3«o; trib. and ttoL, 8, 107, j6, 219, 43, 134. 47. »«•; ▼»U-. 

5, 69, I5» 12, 56, 19, 219, 34, 306; polidcal divisions, 39, 266, 38, 2x6; re- 
distriction of prov. urged, 51, 223, 224; justioe in, 8, 107; official visitation, 4a, 

306. OTHER RELATIONS -Span., J, 147, 3, 16, I7, 38, 49, 77, 92, 94, XO4, 112, I3I, 

142, 146, 147, 151-153. X58. i59i «7<N 194, 195. a3i. a33. a74. 296, 4» 70» ^. 70* 
7, 45» 8. 137, la, 36, 14, 54. 58. 174. 15. 48, 5a. 100. 17. 108, 138, 18, 97, aa, 
134, 213, ax7. »«8, ^44, ^4, 25. 73. x<». 3*9, ^7, 39. as^, 294, 30X, a9, 91, 31, 246, 
34. ao, 30, 232, 391, 38, ", xao^ 215-228, 40, 119. 41, 309. 3i9. 4^. I34. 44, 
50, 47, 118. 49. 41. 43; Eng., 8, 171, 34, 393. 49, ^53; Dutch, 17, 103, 19, ax9, 
^7. 103; Amer. in, 43, 134; Mor. raids, and operations against them, il, 239, 
la. 39. 15. 19a, 194, 240, 19, 17, ai6, 2i8, 22, 133, 202, 207, a4, 143, 25, 154- 
«56, a7, 315, 347, a9, xoo, 41, i59, 46, 40, 48, 48. 5©, 56, 5a, 334*. trades widi 
other is., 3, i95, ix, 275. 

Pan de Aziicar (Sugar Loaf), battle with pirates near, a4, 36. 

Pangil, volcanic eruption in, 35, 1x5. 

Panglao (Panilonghon, Panilongo, Panilongon, Panisonghon), identified, 33, 
348; location, 349, 40, 3x3; chart, 33, 202, 348; products, I, 265, 33. 349; peoples 
in, X, 265, 33, 199, 349, 40, 1X2; subject to Spain, a9, 28x; Legazpi in, 40, xx6; 
Jes. in, 13, 81, 17, 207. 

Pangutirang (Pangootaaraang, Pangotaran, Pangotarin, Pangutaran, Pangu- 
tarang), group of five is., 43, x88; described, 40, X63; size, 43, x88; pop., 36, 
60; natives pay trib., 36, 60; miss, work in, a8, 95, 36, 57, 44, 72. 

Panson, one of Camotes, 33, 331. 

Pantutaran (Pantocunan), size, 43, x82, rendezvous for pirates, 182. 

Paragua (Pa-Iao-yu, Palauan, Palawan, Parigua, Parigua, Paraguan, Para- 
van, Polaoan, Poluan, Pulaoam, Pulaoan), name and identificatioii, ai, 309, 34, 
16; one of Phil., 51, 163; in Visayas Group, 34, 187; in prov. of Paragua, a8, 
X75; connected witiii Borneo, 40, 42, 308; described, ai, x6, 309-3x3, 34, 187, 
36, 97; location, la, 204, 22, 95, 23y X65, a4, 46, a8, 3x8, 322, 33, 35©. 4^, 
156; dispute rdg. limits of, 184; size, 5, X15, 36, 97; natural features, a9, 159, 
43, 131, 49, 30; chart, 33f 210^ 351; products and resources, i6,_xo3, ai, 309, 
310, 312, 313, 33, 207, 21X, 350, 356, 49, 31; zoological forms in, similar to those 
of Borneo, ai, 3x1; birds, 3XX, 3x2; fighting cocks in, 33f aix, 50, xo8; poisonous 
herbs in, ai, 314; occupations in, 33, 2xx; pop., 36, 175, 49, 30^ 3X, 51, 79, 80; 
peoples in, 3. a«o, 4, 284, a7, 315, 33, 2x1, 348, 3^, 174. 4i. 3*3. 5^, x62; 
language, ai, 3x2; characteristics, etc., of natives, x6, 3x2, 33, 35X, 41, X9x; 
rendezvous for pirates, 43, 182; Chin, deported to, 51, 70; plan for Span, immi- 
gration to, 5a, X45; heathens in, 36, 175, 5a, 162; in Cebu see, a8, 149, 184; 
miss, work, ai, x6, 317, a8, 152, 175, 36, 173, 178, i79» *i3. 4i# 190, 44, »5i. 
152; no. of schools in, 46, 34; native gov. of, 33, 233, 235, 239; Span, take pos- 
session of, and govern, ai, 16, 309, 3x6, a9, aSx, 48, X64; ceded to Spain, 39, 
190, 19X, 4a, X84; its jurisd., a8, 175; part ceded to Brit., 43, 178; in jurisd. 
of J0I6, 49, 30; chief town, 36, X78; other Span, connection with, i, 265, 267, 

6, 186, a8, 323, 33, 22, 233, 235, 239, 350-353, 44, 162, 49, ^9, 30, X94; Mor. 
raids on, 39, 100, 36, 179, 4^, 34, 44- 

Parangan (Parangaan), in Tawi Tawi Group, 43, 182 (see also below, Paro- 
dasan). 



Philippine] INDEX 725 

Parani, its trade, 34, 377. 

ParasaOy gold mines in, 34, 184. 

Parodasan, rendezvous for pirates, 43, i8a. 

Pasijan, one of Camotes, 33, 331. 

Pefiol, name, a, 129. 

Pefion de Cor6n, ai, 307-309 (see also above Coron). 

Pilas Group, part of Sulu archip^ 43, 144; size, i8a; pirates rendezvous at, 
X82. 

Pintados, identified, 3, 368; origin of name, 15, 49, x6, 7a, 33a, 51, 88; see 
also below, Visayas. 

Polo (Polon), location, xa, 390, a8, 385, 33, 233; chart, 1x3, 335; gold in, 

49, 39- 

Poniente, appellation of Phil. {q.v. above), I, 23. 

Poro, one of Camotes, 33, 331; pop., 49, 33; subject to Spain, 39, 381; miss, 
work in, 17, 303, 304, 38, 90, 151, 41, 306, 307, 309. 

Potolanbit, status (1591), 8, 135. 

Pozon (Pozzon), Magalhaes passes, 33, 133, 137; chart, xxa, 335. 

Prince of Orange, see above, Orange. 

Puga, one of Babuyanes, 8, 1x4^ 

Pu-li-lu, 34, x86, X90, X91 (see above, Mindanao). 

Pulo Toolyan, 43, 183 (see below, Tulaian). 

Purra (Santiago, q,v.), location, 30, 363. 

Quagayan, 33, 350 (see above Cagayan Sulu). 

Quipit, I, 365, 338 (see above Gibeth). 

Rasa, in Naranjos Group, 49, 57. 

Rombl6n (Donblon, Donbl6n, Les Isletas, Romblon, Romblbn), name, 35, 85; 
deteription, 5, 77, 38, 43; location, 35, 86, 41, 3x2; size, 9, 99; extent of its prov., 

38, 316, 3x7; products, 35, 86, 5a, 3x9; ship bidg. in, 35, 86. Pop., a8, 318, 
41, 194; Manguianes in, 33, 323; natives, 35, 86. Subject to Spain, 23, X95, 

39, 381; in Panay Prov., 50, 33x; encom., 34, 26, 3x0; trib., 9, 99; Mor. raid, 
35> ^if 86, 41, X09; fort in, 50, 85; Dutch ravage, 41, xo8. In Cebil see, 19, 
282; in Jaro see, 38, 279, 3x6; episcopal visit, 280; miss, work, X53, X75, 3x7, 345, 
347, 39, 273, 274, 35, II, 61, 85-9X, 36, 99, xa6, X40, X47, X49, X73, 176, x8x, 2x3, 
2x6, 41, 93, xox, X2X, 2xx; na of schools in prov. (1892), 46, lox. 

Sabtan, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Saccol, location, 33, 357 (see also above, Monoripa). 

St John, appellation for Leyte (^.v.), named, 38, 367; described, xi6, 369, 
37a 

St Lazarus (San Lazaro), name for Phil. Is. (g,v, above), 33, 36X. 

Sdmal, location and size, 43, 197; its inhab., 197, 343; no Moro rancherias in, 
208; inhab. in hostile to Span., 206, 207; vill., 202; Chris, reduction, 282. 

Simar (^amal, Camar, ^amar, Candaya, Cibabao^ Hibiibao, Ibabao, g.v.^ 
Samal, Samar, Samir, Samikr, Siimar, Semar, Tandaya, Tendaya, Ybabao, Zamal, 
Zamar, Zamare, Zibabao^ 9<v*), one of Visayas, identification and name, 3, 66, 
169, 3, 193, 5, 55. 13, 23, 16, 228, 49, 32; described, 5, 55. i^, *96, »97, 3*, 
xox, 49, 32; location, 3, X93, 7, 48, 13, 203, 296, 3x3, 38, 91, 33, X03, 34, 73, 
49, 32; size, 5, 55, 7, 4^, 9, 98, 13, 204, 297, 36, 97, 100, 49, 30; is. near, 5, 
57, 59, 13, 297; cape, 16, rxo; strait, 272; chart, 33t xoa, 322; climate, 38, 91, 
37, 260; products and resources, 3i, 198, X99, 38, 91, 39, 284, 34, 284, 385, 41, 
44, 49, 3a; pop^ 9, 9^ 121, «97, 38, 93, 49, 33; peoples in, 3i, 340, 40, 309; no 



726 THE PHIUPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Philifpinb Islands (oontmoed) — 

Negritoi in, 33f 34^; Iwig, 44, S7; nativea^ 13, 63, 64, 156, i57f ^ 9h 4©, 
44; polygamy in, xa, 393, 301; plague in, 397; tupendtioiia belief 5a, 331; in 
Cebu see, la, 205, x8, 103, a8, 184, 361, 374, 379; curacies, 374, 377; episcopal 
visit, 380; miss, work, 7, 48, 10, 183, 373, II, 306, 315-317, la, so, 33, S07, 324, 
396-30(\ 13, 9, 18, 31, 156-163, 169, 307, 17, 303, 305, J3. 164, 189, 339, aa, 89, 
151, 153, 173, 391, 36, 55, 56, 311, 37, la, 131, I3», 44, «7, 49. 43, 5©, 293, 51. 
3x0; schools, I a, 397, 398, 46, xoi; subject to Spain, a9, 38z; officials and poat^ 
II, 370, 18, X05, 2^^ 335, 36, 56, 303, 38, 107; elections in, l, 55; its juriad., 
49, 3«, 51, 64, 65; encom., 8, 139-133, 9, 98, II, 91, 34, 306; trib, 8, 130^ 9, 
98; vill. in, 5, 57, 22f 133; other Span, relations with, a, 19, 114, 167, 169-171, 

332, 3, 129, a6i, 7, 4«. 8, 130, 14, 193, 19, 91, 33, 17, 103, 36, 136, 38, 106, 49. 
312, 50, 55 ; treachery of Fil. in, 3, 361 ; Moro raid, la, 165, 14, 18, a7, 17, 315, 
^9, 99, 34, 275; Pslaos islanders cast on, M, 203, 41, 9, 10, 40, 43, 44, 47, 48, 

53, 349- 
San Andres, one of Naranjos Group, 49, 57. 

San Antonio, a, 64 (see above, Balut). 

San Bernardino, location, 16, 111; channel named from, a8, 92; depop., 36, 197. 

Sanboy (Sangboys), consist of two is., 43, 144; in Pilas Group, 144; area, 144. 

Sandana, see above, Laguan. 

Sandegan, miss, labors in, ai, 1^ 

Sanguil, Little (PhiL Is?), pays trib. to Corralat, a9, 48. 

Sanguir (Calonga, Great Sanguil, Sanghir, Sangir, Sanguil, Sanguil Bac^r, 
Sanguin, Sanguiz, Sanguyl, Santguin, Tabuca, Tabuco), location, li, 297, la, 
202, a7, 337, 33t 247, 360; described, a8, 100, 101, 36, 196, 197; volcano on, 41, 
105; chart, 33, H3» 35^; chiefs, a7, 337, 338, a8, 101; Chris, vill. in, 101; Span, 
in, a, 70; natives submit to Spain, a8, 101, a9, 48, 49; ask Span, aid, a7, 337, 
338 ; aid Mor., a9, 93 ; embassy from, to Manila, ai8 ; see alao above BaluL 

San-hsii, 34, 186 (see below, Visayas). 

San Juan, a, 64 (see below, Sarangani). 

San Llzaro, appellation of Phil. (9.*^.), I, 38, 39, a7, 73, 30, 33. 

Santiago, location, 41, 339 (see also above, Purra). 

Sarangani (Saranghai, Saranghani, Sarragan, Sarrangan, Sarrangin, Sarran- 
gar; probably the San Juan preceding), described, 39v 116; location, a, 64, la, 
ao3, 33f 243, 358, 360. 39, "6; channel, 33, 360; chart, 338, 357; products, 343; 
pop** 34, 190; peoples in, 43, 383, 383; natives aid Mor., a9, 93; Mor. of, peace- 
ful, 43, 287; Span, relations with, a, 64, 65, 68, 70, 73, 17, 138, 33, ^3, 243. 247. 
360; Ternatan sentinel in, 16, 353; pilots captured at, 34, 49; Eng. at, 39, 11, 45. 

Satighan, 33, 330 (see above Gatighan). 

Sebu (Sibu), la, 178, 304 (see above, Cebil). 

Seguiyod, 49, 37 (see below, Siquijor). 

Seilan (Seilani, Selani), i, 322, 11, 203, 33, 325 (see above, Ceylon). 

Seloque, 33, 360 (see above, J0I6). 

Siargao (Siargio, Siargiio, Sidargao, Sidargio), described, 5, 51; location, a8, 
341 ; size, ai, 238; pop., 48, 163 ; trees in, ai, 239; dwarfs in, 238; Mor. raids in, 
48, 163; miss, labors, ai, 238, 302, a8, 152, 175, 36, 147, 213, 41, 136, 157, 211. 

Siayan, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Sibago (Cibaco, Sibuco), identified, 33, 357; Span, sight, 359; chart, 357. 

Sibali, see above. Maestro de Campa 

Sibuyin (Cebuyan, Cibuyan, ^ibuyan, Cubuyan, Sibuian, Sibuyan, Sibuyin, 



Philippine] INDEX 727 

Sigan, Zibuyan, Zlhuyin, Zubuyin), described, 3, 73, 74, 5, 75; locadon, 3, 74, 
7i 48, 49; Mz«» 9f 99; mti- iOf 36, 176; gold-mines in, 3, 74; pop^ 7, 49; natives, 
3, 74, 36, 176; subject to Spain, J9, aSi; in jurisd. of Arevalo^ 5, 75, 77; encom^ 
34i 26, 310; trib., 9, 99; Span, in, 3, 73, 33, 195, 37, 195; in Cebd see, 19, aSa; 
in Jaro see, J8, 279 ; miss, work in, 7, 49, j8, 317, 35, 86. 

Silangan (Silanga), location, 36, 194; Fran, in, 217. 

Simaluc, size, 43, x8a (see also Sumlout). 

Simara (Cabras, Cimara, Semarara, Semarrara, Simira), name, 5, 75; de- 
scribed, 75, 43, 133; location, 7, 48, 49, 34, ^77; «ze, 43, X33; Pop., 7, 49; de- 
pop., 36, 197; in jurisd. of Arevalo, 5, 77; Wilkes survey, 43, 133; rel. status, 
7, 49; Rec. in, J8, 152, 175, 317, 35, 86. 

Similara, descr3>ed, 5, 75, 77; in Arevab jurisd., 77; Span, in, 3, 105, 29, 381. 

Similon, location, 11, 297. 

Siquijor (Fire Is., Isla de Fuegos, Sequiyod, Siquihor, Siquior), name, 13, 47, 
49, 37; location, 13, 47, 49, 37; bats in, 33, 332; subject to Spun, 29, a8i; in 
Cebu see, a8, 178; Jes. in, 17, 207; status, a8, 164, 333. 

Sivaay (Sivahi), described, 5, 75; >n Arevalo jurisd., 77. 

Solo (Soloc, Solog, Sooloo), i, 330, 5, 63, 33, 219, 43, 134 (see above, J0I6). 

Southern (in general Visayas Group, Mindanao, and Sulu Archip.), natives of, 

40, 99-182; Mor. raid, 41, 303, 319; loss would cripple Span., 49, 27, 28. 
Subu (Subuth, Sugbu), i, 265, 323, 24, 82 (see above, Cebii). 

Sulu (Suluan), i, 34, 265 (see above, J0I6). 

Sulu (Sooloo) Ardiipelago, group in S. part of Phil., is. in, 43, 144; con- 
nected with Borneo, 40, 42; location, 43, 143; currents, channels, and tides among, 

41, 295, 43, Z91; pearl fisheries, 33, 356; natives of, la, xo2, a8, 47, 36, 199, 
40, ICO, 43, 282; migrations, 33, 324, 36, 199; Mahometans in, 43, 143; lost 
to Spain, 40, 178; protocol of, modified, 52, 162. 

Sumlout (Simaluc), location, 43, 182; rendezvous for pirates, 182. 

Sundan, chart, 33, 351. 

Surigao (prov. of Mindanao; name sometimes extended to entire is.), episcopal 
visit, 38, 280; Rec. in, 341; see also Surigaa 

Tabitabi, see below Tawi Tawi. 

Tablas (Osigan, Usigan)^ description, 5, 73; location, 7, 48, 49, la, 203; size, 
9, 99; channel formed by, 24, 102; pop., 7, 49; natives, x6, izo, 23, 223; sub- 
ject to Spain, J9, 281; in jurisd. of Arevalo^ 5, 73; enoom., 8, 134, 34, 26, 3x0; 
sutus, 8, 134, 135; trib., 9, 99; in Jaro see, a8, 279; miss, labors, 7, 49, J4, 97. 
j8, 152, 17s, 317, 35, 86. 

Tabuca (Tabuco), 27, 327, 328, a8, 100, zox (see above, Sanguir). 

Tagapolo, subject to Spain, 29, 281. 

Tagauayan (Tacaguayan), in Cuyos Group, 5, 73. 

Taguima (Taghima, Tagima, Tamgym, Tragima, Treguima), a, 267, 3, x68, 
197, 4, 218, 230, 236, 299, 5, 61, 10, 65, II, 294, 297, la, 203, a J, 210, 211, 37, 
215-217, 319, 326, a8, 48, 39. aSi, 33, a30, ^35, 355, 359, 3^©, 4©, 4a, 43, X43, 44, 
61 (see above Basilan). 

Talim, location, 16, 95; game in, 95. 

Talobo, Span, ravage, 46, 39, 44. 

Tanan, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Tandaya (Tandayag, Tendaya), identification and name, a, 66, 3, '93, 16, 
71, 72, xxo; one of Phil., 4, 2x; description, 5, 55; location, a, X14, 3, X69, 193, 
16, 233; size, X93; strait formed by, 3, X93; is. near, 5, 57, 59; cape in, x6, xxo; 



728 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Phxlippinb Islands (ooiitinaed) -« 

Span, discovery and relations with, a, 7a, X4S, 149, 20$, 251, 15, 43, 142-1479 33, 
X48 ; see also above, Samar. 

Tangda, Rec in, 36, 2x3. 

Taogu (Tango), in Tawi Tawi Group, 43» xSs (see also below, Tonho). 

Tanianao, in Calamianes, 5, 115. 

Tapul, pop., 36, 60; heathen, 38, 95, 36, 6a 

Tawi Tawi (Tabitabi, Tauitaui, Tavitavi), is. and group in Sula ArchipeL, 
I a, X02; description, 39, 142; pop., 142; natives of, 18, 79; pirates rendezvous 
in, 43, 182; rulers (sultan and datos), 41, 309, 3x3, 43, X74, 46, 43; submits to 
Span., 4, ai8; Mor. fortify, 39, 142. 

Three Islands, 34, X87 (see below, Visayas). 

Tiago, subject to Spain, 39, 38 x. 

Ticao (Tican, Ticiio), description, 35, 234, 41, 2x2; location, 2x2; way-station, 
20, 216, 220, 245; in Albay Prov., 38, 283; size, 242; pop., 41, 2x2; depop., 36, 
X97; Span, fleet at, 35, 234; advice-boat sent to Manila from, 37, X87; ship- 
wreck at, 47, 46; attacked by pirates, 48, X64; in N. Ciceres see, 19, 282, a8, 
153* 2S5; curacies, 286; miss, work, X54, X75, 36, 99, 41, 2x, 2X3-23X, 243; schools, 
46, xox. 

Ticobon, chart, 33t xx2, 325; sighted, X33. 

Tinagon, in Cebii see, 19, 282; Jes. in, 17, 72, 73. 

Tinotoan, in Cu3ros Group, 5, 73. 

Tonguil, Simtil inhabit, 43, 282. 

Tonho, conjectural identification, 43, X82 (see also above, Tangu). 

Tubutubu, location, 33, X96. 

Tulaian (Pulo Toolyan, Tulaya, Tulayan), location, 41, 304; strait, 304; siie, 
43, X82. 

Tumiinao, 6ilans inhabit, 43, 283. 

Tuptup (is.?), dato takes part in raid, 41, 3x3. 

Ubian, natives, 38, 95, 36, 3a 

Ufanos, natives from, invade Visayas, li, 238. 

Usigan, 5, 75, 38, 317 (see above Osigan and Tablas). 

Vabuianos, 19, 280 (see above, Babuyanes). 

Vahi, miss, work in, 34, 291. 

Vatayan, 34, 285 (see above, Batayan). 

Verde, description, 5, 59; location, 35, 66; rel. disembark near, 34, X49; sub- 
ject to Spain, 39, 281 ; ship at, 19, 8x ; shipwreck at, 34, xaa 

Vermeja, location, 34, 284; mines in, 284. 

Vilnabagan, Joloans raid, 34, 275. 

Vindanao, 3, 184 (see above, Mindanao). 

Vindoro, 3, 238 (see above, Mindoro). 

Virano (Biraban) Batolaque (Batolach), 33, 357, 36a * 

Viri, described, 5, 55; location, 16, xxi. 

Visayas (Ba-ki-lung, Bigayas, Bisayan, Bisayaa, Bissayan, Pa-chi-neng, Pa- 
kat-lung. Pan, Pintados, San-hsii, Three Islands, Visaya, Visayan, large central 
group betw. Luz6n and Mindanao), identification and name, 3, 72, 3, 268, 8, 91, 
15, 49, 16, 72, 232, 34, x6, x86, 51, 88; distinction betw. Visayas and Pintados, 
18, 104 (the two terms are usually synonymous, however) ; is. included in, 9, X95, 
14, X99, 16, XXX, 18, X04; Cebd center of, 47, 1x3; described, x6, xix, 33, X63, 
34, 187-190, a*3» «6, a«7; location, 3, 72, 3, 268, 7, 52, 46, 70; climate, 5, x«7, 



Philippine] INDEX 729 

34, 154; volcanic, 4, 99; earthquake in, 34, X19; baguiot in, a8, iSz; fertile, 
34, 327; quality of toil in, 47, 155; products and resourcei, 14, 303, 15, 107, 
108, 16. loa, 18, 169, ao, 148, 258, ai, 197, j8, 181, 34$ ao» i«9» «90b 4©, 293, 
43, 300, 47, ai9. 5©, 53, 197, 198, 51, 13^, 5^, 319; fliei in, 16, 100; serpents 
in, 35, 299; Panay granary for, 49, 43; tobacco industry in, 50, 53; shipbldg. 

in. 7. 87, 93, I"; pop-. '*. «". 21*. a?*. 34, 187. 4h 39; Pop- decreases in, J3, 
Z64, 40, Z58, 2z6; dialects, xa, 236, 16, 115, ai, 2oz, :is, 163, 164, 36, 45; na- 
tives (characteristics, etc.), 5, 51. 75. ^3. ixS. '^. ^5. 15. 54, '93. 3<». l^. 
a3a. 233. 18, 104. ^3, 163, a9, 286, 291, 34, 224, 40, 44, 44, 4^ 43. 49. 4*. 43 ; 
lepers in, 4a, 229; see also Visayans; infidels in, a8, 278; its see, xo, 248, a3, 164; 
Christianiiy in, 7, 73, 8, 57, xo, 181, 182, 273. XX, 205, 223, xa, 175, X3, 29, 65, 
x6, 151, X7, 58, 197-aoo^ 202, 275, x8, 79, 231, 238, ax, 16, 298, M, 224, 303, 
a3, I2X, 164, 229, 252, 256, 267, 289, a4, 55. 3^. 4«. 5^. 57. ^ 65, 67-69, 74, 80^ 
81, 93, 112, 133, 215, 13, 87, 89. ao5, a7, 287, 293, 315, 329, 331, a8, 166, 281, 
324, a9, 29, 156, 34. aa8, 35. 7*. 86, 36, 45, 105, 210, 37. 1^5. ^50. a7o. 38, 98, 
40, 245, 41, 59, 122, 157, 4a. 156. 297. 44. xa. 47. 57. 74. 75. 81, 87, 50, 295» 
298; schools, 45, 247, 299-301; under Span, dominion, 4, 176, 259; govt in, X5, 
49. 17, 307, 34, 190, 53, 214; oflkials and posts, 7, X14, X9, 2x6, 296, 22, 77, 
228, 23t Z63, a4, 82, 86, X02, 178, 209, a8, 148; encom., 6, 105, 7, 270, 8, 122 
(roy.), x8, 303; trib. and taxes, 34, 278, 46, Z09, 5a, 58; prov. in, x8, X04; caps» 
and other vill., xa, 43, 23, 294, a8, 276, 34, 187; other Span, relations in, a, 
31, 42, 72, 4, 180, 5, 35. 8. 34. 35. i59, 9. 61, XX, 240, 241, xa, 76, X4, 70. »^ 
»65. Jt5, 23, 68, 69, 193, 240, 241, 251, 265, 272, X6, 39, 40^ 49, 148, 270, 278, 303, 
23, i4a-i5o, 165, a4, 329, a7, 39, 256, 262, 321, a9, 94, 97, 156, 34, 189, 190, 
38, 99-139. 4a, 134, 49, 182, 50, 55; revolts in, x6, 60, 317, X7, 286, 290^ ao, 
257* 37, 180, 38, zz» 100^ 4X, tzo; Port oppose Span, in, x, 32; Port in, 14, 212; 
Eng. ship among, 7, 52-54, X5, 62; Brit, incite Sulus, 50, 69; Dutch among, 37, 
13, z6o^ 4X, Z08; Chin, in, 8, 91; Chin, should not go to, 9, 41; Jagor in, X7, 
S06; raids in, by Mor., 4. 176. 8, 34, 35, 9, 181, 287, xo, 9, 62, 66, XX, 9, 17, 238, 
292-301, la. 17, 162, 163, X5, 19a, 16, 63, 283, x8, 104, 182, aa, 10, 23, 88, a4, 
35-37, 37, 340, a9, lOi 13, 96, ii6, 273, 34, ^75. 37. ^Ht 38, no, 40, 103, 109, 
130, 41, 27. a8, 283. 298-300, 303, 316, 323, 4a, 156, 47, 246, 48, X58» 162-164, 
49, 23, 24, 29, 333, 337, 50, 45, 56, 69, 51. 59; Soltan Lijar in, 4, 200; Mindanao 
menace to, xo, 215, 226; Ternatans raid, 222, ix, 266; Katipunan in, 5a, 258. 

Watering Place of Good Signs, 33, 107 (see above, Malh6n). 

Xlatheo, near Mindanao, xo, 69. 

Xolo (Xoloc), 3, 247, 34, 285 (see above J0I6). 

Y'Ami, in Batanes Group, 39, 97. 

Ybabao, a, 169, 7, 48 (see above Ibabao, and Simar). 

Ybahay, status (1591), 8, 135. 

Ybalon, appellation for Luz6n {q*v,), 3, 171, 195 (see also above, Ibalon). 

Ylin (Elem, £len, Elin, Helin), identified, 3, 142; described, 5, 113; location, 

3, 142; size, 9, 99; pop., 5, 113; unpadded natives in, 7, 45; Span, in, 3, 105, 

142, 143 ; encom., 7, 270^ 34. 26, 3x0; trib., 9, 99 ; status, 7, 44; Chin, ships visit, 3. 226. 

Ymaras (Ymaraes), 5, 71, 7, 46 (see above Imaras). 

Yolo, X, 330 (see above, J0I6). 

Yunagan, discovery, X, 265, 33, 323. 

Zamal (Zzamal), 33. zo2, 322, 34, 73 (see above, Simar). 

2^bu (2^bu, Zebik, Zibu, Zibii), X, 323, XX, 139, x8, 43, 35, 62, 36, 180, 4X, 212, 
49, 241 (see above, Cebu). 



730 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Philippine 

Phiuppikb Islands (ooiituiued) — 

2Seiloii» 33, 330 (tee above, Cdlon). 

Zibabao (Zibaba, 2Sbaban, Sbao), a, 1x4, 169 (see above, Cibabao^ Ibabao^ 
and Simar). 

Zibuyin (Zibuyan), 3, 74, 36, 176 (see above, Sibuyin). 

Zolo (Zxolo), 33, 130, 235 (see above, Jolo). 

Zubu (Zubd, Zubnt, Zugbil, Zzeubu, Zzubu), a, 7a, t%% 14a, 3, 194, 207, 18, 
xoj, 33, 129, «36, i37» ^05, 329, 331, 338, 339 (see above Cebii). 

Zubuyiin, 35, S6 (see above, Sibuyto). 

Zuluan (Zuluam), 33, 102, 107 (see above Jolo). 
Pbelipe IV: 44, 75. See Felipe IV. 

Philip (Phelipe, Philipo, III) : 9, 2x2, 18, 280^ 98, 1x3. See Felipe IIL 
Philippus (Phelipe, Philip, Phllippo, II) : 8, 200, 9, 129, 19X, 192, 99, x9o^ 38, 26S. 

See Felipe II. 
Phillips, P. Lee (cartographer) : thanked, i, X5. See also Books. 
Phosphorescence: in lizards, a, 65. 

Photographs and views: 53, 5X. See also Books: Phil. Is,: 1493-1808, 
Phtsioans and Surgeons — 

Physicians I among Fil. - priestesses act as, xa, 272, 40, 221; FiL as, 45, 16S, 
288, 290, 46, 305; charlatans, 45, 23, 288; Fil. make better, than lawyers, 45, 
286; witch doctors, 288; mediquillos, 289, 290; join freemasons, 46, 358. See 
also Fil.: Sickness. Chin., 7, 2x, 225, 237, 93, 233, 38, 55; Jap., 94, 24a Among 
Span. - instructions to Magalhaes rdg., i, 257; accompany Legazpi, 9, 154; needed 
and demanded for Phil., 9, X90, 4, 310, 7, X3, 89, 93, X25, 267, 8, X45, 9, 108, 30, 
a37i 39, 93, 44, 84. 85. 47i 162; ordered sent to Manila, 7, 93; in Phil., I, 43, 
8, 246-248, 16, X43, 90, 237, 31, «54. 160, 35i a9«. 3^, X2, 85, 39. 9«. 47» 3«. 37; 
furnished to sold, in Phil., 9, 88; attend sick in hosp., 14, 2x0^ 47, 225; recom- 
mend health resorts, 14, 2xx; false repts. by, 16, 62; post mortem exams, by, 62, 
39> 9^1 44, 48; skilful, i6» X43; incompetent, 93, 233; do not believe in witch- 
craft, 43, 3x2; specialists should teach, 45, 287; overworked, 47, X62; salary, 209, 
224; powerful remedies prescribed by, 48, X38; prescribe during smallpox, 49, 
X79. Rel. as, I, 43, 95, xox, 45, 23, 288, 47, 203, 51, XX4; friars write on ob- 
stetrics, 45, 288. Others -in Cape Town, skilful, 49, 242; German, in Manila, 
45, 133; Phil. Med. Ass'n (Amer.), X36. Herbalists, 7, 237, 43, 3i3f 3x4; phar- 
macists, 46, 30($. Apothecaries - needed in Phil., 4, 310, 8, X45; in Manila, i, 
43i 7, 225, 8, 247, 248, 90, 237, 47, 167; rel. act as, i, 43; rel. deprived of shops, 
44, 84; Chin., 7, 34, 225; skilful, 16, X43; shops officially inspected, 5f 288; dis- 
pensaries, 47i 166, 209 (see also Hosp.). 

Surgeons', surgery unknown to Fil., 45, 289; instructions to Magalhies rdg., i, 
257; needed in, and demanded for, Phil., 9, X90, 47, X62; ordered sent to Manila, 
7, 93; Dutch in Manila, 17, X26; in Malacca, 31, X04; in Cape Town, 49, 242; 
in Zamboanga, 47, *»«; >» hosp., 14, 2x0, 18, X45, 90, 237, 47, 3X, 37, 225; try 
to hide their ignorance, 16, 62; ignorant, 93, 248; skilful, 16, X43, 17, 126, 49, 
X57, 242; salary, 18, 146, 96, 225, 226, 47, X09, 1x3, 125, 209, 224, 228; wounds 
sewed by, 97, 340; threatened by Inquis., 51, 99; Franciscans act as, i, 43. 

Instruments: medical, 47, 166. Cupping-glasses, 9, X94, 99, 293, 40, 22x, 47, 
i66\ lancets, 9, 194, 4a, X58, 47, 166; syringes, 9, 194, 47, x66. 
See also Diseases and remedies ; and Drugs. 
Pi, Pio, SJ.: superior of Phil, miss., 59, 286; letters from Aguinaldo, cited, X90, 
206. 



Pimentel] index 731 

Pia (yilL m Luz6n) : no. of trib. in, 31, 207; min. Ubon in, 17, ais, M, i$% 
»74. 31, 37. 19a. ao7i ao8, aio, aia, a69. 

Piacan (vil). in Zamboanga) : pop. and trib., a8, 95, 36, 60; Jet. in, a8, 95. 

Piao (vill. in Mindanao) : Jet. mitt., 36, 57. 

Piapi (Manobo rancheria) : pop., 43, a4a; a reduction, a43. 

Piat (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 14, a97. 

Pigarro, Andret: hit encom., 8, Z07. 

Picon (Mindanao prov.) : location, pop., and productt^ 4, a84. 

Picota: defined, 40, ayi. 

Picturei and portraita. See Paintingt and picturet. 

Piedad, Juan de la, O.P.: 3a, 30. See Pinto, Juan. 

Piedra, Capt Pablo de la: acooropaniet exped. to Igorot country, 37, a45. 

Piernavieja, — (friar) : oonfettion extorted from, 5a, 19a. 

Pigafetta (Pagaphetta, Pigaphete), Antonio (Antiii03me, Ital. of Vicenza) : Kt of 
St John, 33, la, a7; tervet papal nuncio in Spain, a7; obtaint petmittion to 
accompany Magalhaea^ a9; accompaniet M, i, a9; pretervet vocabulariet, 33, 
79-83, 87, 187-199, 34, 75-Z05; keept health throughout trip, 33, 89; narrowly 
etcapet drowning, 113; among Vitayant (mainly Cebuant), a, xao^ 33, 19, 1x7- 
123, 151; hit eulogy of Magalhaet, z8z, 183; wounded, 185; in Borneo, ax3-aai; 
at Tidore, 34, xa; at Timor, 1x9; drcumnavigatet world, X79; hit travelt in 
Europe, x6, X47; keept faithful journal of voyage, I, 93, 34, X43; detcribet Phil., 
I, 29; pretentt hit MS., 33t 298, 34, x47,.x8o; tketch, 33, a73, a74; factimile of 
page of hit relation, 34, 146; characterized, x6a. See also Bookt. 

Pigafetta, Marcantonio: Antonio P. confuted with, 33i ^74- 

Pigmiet: fabulout, i, 307; in Caphi, 34, 104, x6x; belief in, exploded, x6a. See 
alto Dwarft. 

Pignon, — (Span, officer) : ttandt ground at attault by Brit, 49, xa6. 

Pigot, Lord Jorge (gov. of Madrat) : plant tettlement in Balambangan, 43, 179; 
attittt Brit exped. to Manila, 49, 6x; writet Rojo (X762), a84. 

Pila (vill. and encom. in Luz6n) : location, 37, x6a; pop., 5, 89; ttatut (X59X), 8, 
X16; trib. paid to Fil. chieft in, 7, X75; itt encom., 8, xx6; Fran, in, a8, X47, x68, 

35, 289, 311, 3X2, 3x7, 36, ax7, 40, 332. 

Pilar (vill. in Cebu prov.): ttatut (1878), a8, $2$; Rec in, 325. 
Pilar, Marcelo Hilario del (Fil. patriot): hit pteudonym^ 5a, 178; taket charge ol 
Solidaridadj 176; becomes radical, 203; helpt found Katipunan, 46, 36X; life, 
bibliography, and work, 5a, X75-X78; cited, 50, X5X. 
Pilaret, Cosme, SJ.: labort in Palapag, 36, 56. 
Pililla (vill. in Luz6n) : ttatut (X649), 35) a8o; Fran, in, a8, X46, x68, 35, 280^ 

36, 214. 

Pilitan (vill. in Luz6n) : pop. (x6x5), 32, 56; nativet belong to tribe of Gaddanet, 
113; natives of, join revolt, xx6-iax; Irrayat abandon, 43, 56; inundated, 31, 
29X; vicariate, X38, X43; mitt, labort in, 33, X38, X4X-X43, 3a, 4X, 4a; atsigned 
to hosp. order, 47, 204. 

Pimentel, Alonto (early conquistador): commandt thip, 4, 281, 302; fallt tick, 28x; 
actt at witnest, 286, 288; hit encom., 8, X24; inttructt Fil., X24. 

Pimentel, Antonio (Span, official) : factimile of tignature, 9, 2x3. 

Piment61 (Pimentel), Jos6 (Jote, Joteph), S.J.: life and labort, 36, 54, 37, 220^ 

Pimentel, Capt Juan: arrives at Manila, 37, 229; cashes pay-check, a6, x8x; slain 
by Mor., 39, 94, 5a, 340- 



1 



732 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Pimentcl 

Pixnentel, Juan, O.S^: envoy to Spain, 5, 13; attends conn., 34, 326; tketdi, 3S7. 

Pimentel, Juan Antonio (alc-may.): bringp suit against Jes^ 39, 134; conducts 
Dom. into exile, 279. 

Pimentel, Juan Manuel: gives deposition, 4, 159; signs letter, 5, 307. 

Pimentel, Luis, S.J.: life and labors, 36, 54, 39, 23a, 133; letter by, aaS-a30w 

Pimienta, Capt — : slain in battle, 98, 4a, 45, 61. 

Pimintuan, Dom. Agustin (Fil. chief) : conspires against Span., 38, 147. 

Pina, Joseph, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 91. 

Pinabao (encom.) : assigned to La Haya, 34, 305. 

Pinabuenlagen (vill. in Luzdn) : origin of name, 30, iSa. 

Pinacan (India) : shipbldg. in, 18, i8a 

Pinahuyu: Zambal vill., 5» 103. 

Pinal (Pinar, Chin, port) : climate, 15, 180; L. Perez Daamarifias wrecked at, 10, 
2x6, 317, 15, 167, x8x; Span, oflkers in, 232, 235, 15, xSo, aa, 218; becomes 
Span, trading port, 10, 231, 268, X5i 163, 27, xxi. 

Pinamalayan (Pinamalayikn, vill. in Mindoro) : Rec in, 41, 279, 238. 

Pinaot (vill. near Manila): location, 47, 199; part of estate belonging to bosp. 
order, 199. 

Pindo, Francisco^ O.P.: arrested, a6, 40U 

Pineda (vill. near Manila): separated from Malate, 23, 281; pop. (1893), 281. 

Pineda, Antonio: Span.'Amer. scientist, 50, 61; hb collections, 76; MSS. unpub- 
lished, 76. 

Pineda, Arcadio (brother of Antonio) : arranges Antonio's collections, 51, 76. 

Pineda, Condeza de: her encom., 47, 141. 

Pineda, Juan (Jhoan) de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 13, 299, 24, 58. 

Pineda, Capt Sebastian de: his report on shipbldg., 18, 269-188. 

Pinelo, Francisco, OP.: life and labors, 35, 245, 246, 267, a6, 53, 66, 67, 95, 100^ 

^7, 336, a9f »5. a?. a8, 34. 

Pingar (vill. in Luzdn) : Span, subdue, 37, 248. 

Pino, Joan Ximenes (Ximenez) del. See Ximenez del Pino. 

Pino, Vicente del (Span, planter) : receives prize for encouragement of coffee cult- 
ure, 5 a, 3x2. 

Pinpin (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, 10, 204. 

Pinta, Juan, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 90. 

Pintado, Manuel Lopez. See Lopez Pintada 

Pintados, prov. of. See Phil. Is.: Visayas. 

Pintian (vill. in Luz6n) : submits to Span., 14, 292. 

Pinto, Capt. Juan: in Mindanao, 16, 225; slain by Dutch, 17, 257, 272. 

Pinto, Domingo, O.P.: sketch, 43, 84. 

Pinto de Fonseca, Antonio de (Port officer) : fortifies Malacca, 17, 259 ; writes 
to Gov. Fajardo, ao, 5a 

Pinto de Fonseca {or de la Piedad) Juan, O.P. (bp. of Macao) : voyage to Manila, 
17, X23, 124; commends Dom., 30, X56, 257; obtains Dom. miss's from Manila, 
33, 30. 

Pinto de Morales, Ventura (Bentura, king of Siao) : his son goes to Manila, 4a, 
121, 122; petitions for miss's, 44, 98. 

Pinzon, Vicente (Span, navigator): visits Brazil, 33, 294; sights Cape St. Augus- 
tine, 294; discovers Yucatan, 300. 

Pinzon y Purga, Jos^ (gov. of Mindanao): warned against Mor., 43, 209; slain 
by them, 208-216. 



Piric] 



INDEX 733 



Pifia {or San Antonio), Juan, O.S.F.: life and labors, 35, 180^ 133, 348, 249, 185, 

30, 115. 

Pinas (Las, vill. in Luz6n) : location, a3» 196; status (1878), a8, 300. 

Pifieiro, G. : climbs mt in Calamba^ 40, 213. 

Pinero, Diego, OJP.: life and labors, 43, 69, 8t, 8a. 

Pinon (wealthy Manila family) : helps pay ransom for Manila, 49, 345. 

Pinon, Antonio (Frenchman): reports warning of Dutch to Span^ 47, 131, 233; 
envoy to Batavia, 233. 

Pinuelo, Pedro de, O.S.F. : goes to China, 37, 145. 

Pipes: smoking, 43, 301. 

Pipe-staves: carried in ship's cargo^ 18, 179. 

Pipig (vilL in Laz6n) : Dom. in, 31, 37. 

Pirates (buccaneers, corsairs) and piracy: many in Phil., 3, 256, 4, 59, 34, 289; 
among Fil., 3, 23, 55, 283, 287, 5, 45f 47i 34» 292; among Mor., 3, i97f a«o» 4. 
X76, 5, 79t 10, 102, II, 15, IJ, 39, 40, 17, X40b 18, 78-80^ 33^ ^^f H% ^5, I55i 
J9. 196, 41, 309t 43, I34» 181, ao2, 285, 287, 46, 13, 51, ", 19^-198, 5^, 7*; 
Moro compared to African, 29, 96; rendezvous for Moro, 18, 79, 39, 140^ 4 a, 
182; legal in Jold, 43, 181; invasions alid depredations by Mor., xo, 9, 11, 17, 
238-242, 265, 292-301, IJ, 9, 14, 18, 14, 69, 15, 251, 16, 278, 17, 140^ x^» 9, «a, 
«7, 78, 79, 185, «86, JX, 245, 248, J3, 294, ^4, "<N 215, 154, ^9, 18, 9^, "^ 36, 
196, 38, 9, 40, 42, HS, 43, X40, x6i, i8i, 183, 190-X92, 44, 1*5, 4*, 13, 34, 48» 
51, 93 (see also Mor.-piratical raids); Mor. settle in Mindoro, 50, 55; Bomean, 
4, 191, 192, 6, X84, 7, 165; Malay, 17, 140, 43, 183, 5^, 93; Malabar, 17, 262, 
263, 265; in Formosa, 3 J, 222. Span, settlements free from, 3, 265; in Catan- 
duanes, 283. Chin., 4, 23, 24, 33-35, 48, 89, 5, 19a, *, 9*, 95, 184, 7, 165, 9, 244. 
la, 104, 14, 4^, »7, »85, JJ, 200, J3, 222, J4, I49, ^9, «55-i57, m6, 246, 257, 

31, 75, 102, X03, 179, 4a, 14, X26; China opposed to, 4, 58; see also Limahon; 
and Sipoan. Jap., 5, 9, 12. 13, 27, 29, 192-196, 6, 256, lO, 9, 17, 2x1-2x3, 264, 
14, 229, 37, XX4, 3X, 292; in Champa, 9, 162, 10, 18, 236-244, 27, 1x4; in Siam, 
1x5; Arabian half-breed, 4, X9x; Eng., 4, 3x3, 6, 3xx, 315, 7, X64, 16, 278, 34, 

• 30, 39», 39, 9X, X15, X37, 43, 72, 47, a3», ^35 (•«« «1» Candish; Drake; and 
Eng.); Dutch (name "pirate" often applied out of contempt because the Dutch 
had rebelled against Span, authority), 8, 285 (called Ger.), n, 252, 13, xx6, 
127, 128, X7, 250^ 251, 19, X4, 95, aa, 67, 129, 170^ 35, 60, 37, 92, xo8, xx8, 3a, 
125, 35, 250^ 4a, X9, 245, 246 (see also Dutch); French, 9, 3x0, 41, 203; Port., 
a8, 327, 39, 24; Span., 33, 358, 34, 2x7, 46, 55, 56; European in Amer. waters, 
30, 43, 41, ao3, 42, ax3, 278, 44, 239, 48, 335; instructions rdg., J, 96, 97, 4, 
15; should be f>unished, 3, 259; punished, 265; executed, 13, xx8, X27, X28; 
alliance witiii, forbidden, 4, 94; Mor. must cease, 176, X77; Bomean king must 
not harbor, 188; feared in Siargao, 5, 5X ; feared in Cagayan Sulu, 79; Span, 
must not buy or sell to, 6, 6x; not feared by Span., 7, 53, 55; danger from, 83; 
Span, hostilities against, 9, 244, 11, X44, 265, I9, xx, X7, 165, 15, 2x9, 18, 187, 
336, aa, 90, a8, 88, 31, xo2, X03, 3a, X87, 4a, 259, 43, X84, 282, 48, x86 (tax), 
51, 198; difficult to attack, 39, 97; their method of attack, 43, 183, 184; F. 
Serrao captures vessel of, 33, 364; pirate marine, expensive, 51, X97; authorized 
by king of Champa, 10, 236-244; fitted out by authorities, 43, 185; Span, ships 
endangered by, 17, 249, 51, 258; their boats built for speed, 40, X7x; go in fleets, 
43, X83; hinder trade, 4a, 236, 51, X54, X55; capture slaves, 43, x6x; slaves 
bought from, 165; cruel, 51, X45. Books on, 3, X97. 

Piric (vill. in Luz6n) : Aug. in, 98, 259, 167. 



734 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Piris 

Pirit (Piriiy PIric, yill. in Luz6d) : curacy, 98, 154, 41, ai$, 244. 

Pifli, Licen de: i, aai. See Rodriquez de Pita, Juan. 

Puaro, Juan Baudtta, O.S.F.: estabL oooveot, 17, aio. 

Piso de Villegas, Dr. Aotonio (oldor) : signs petition, 19, 89. 

Pitarrilla (pitarrillos) : defined, 5, 133. See also Wines. 

Pitch. See Gums and resins. 

Pitchford, Capt Samuel (Brit nayal officer) r commands landing force of seamen, 
49, 48, 86; commander of "America," 56; commended, 69, 73. 

Pititan (Dom. vill. in Luzdn) : status (i6ia), 17, aia. 

Pitoogatan (chief of Tondo) : arrested, 7, 100; statement made before, loa; exiled, 
106. 

Pitri, — : Dutch seaman, 14, 11^, 114. 

Pitt, William (Eng. statesman) : his successor, 49, 65. 

Pizarro, Francisco: conquers Peru, a, 48. 

Pizarro de (y) Orellana, Francisco (sec. priest^ bp. of N. Segoria): graduate of 
S. Jos^ coll., 5a, Z04; member of ecc cab., 39, 179; app. bp., 4a, aoi; decides 
in favor of sanctuary for Pena Bonifaz, 37, 279; involved in Pardo controversy, 
39t 15^1 >5<^ >5i> defends ecc. immunity, 4a, 130; his servicea and dieatfa, 236, 
337; his successor, 237; letter by (1683), 38, 11, 8z-86. 

Plaqa, Dr. Juan de la, S.J.: prov'l of N. Espafia, I a, 195. 

Plangao (vill. in Bohol) : Jes. visits, a8, 88. 

Plana, Father Buena Ventura: goes to Spain, 44, aia 

Plana, Joseph, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 71. 

Plants and Trees* — 

In general', trees -abound in Phil. Is., 3, 59, la, 188, a8i, 16, 84; but two 
are deciduous, a9, 399; houses built in, 5, 6z, 44, 8a; canoes made from, i, 322, 
4, Z84; size, la, 281; perennial in Phil., 241; no. of kinds, 16, 87; kinds valued 
for ship and house building, 84-89, 18, 169-173, 48, 296, 297; destroyed by hurri- 
canes, etc., 7, 66, 17, 122, 19, 67, ^^t 2x3, 35, 219; forests and woodlands, 3, 
59, 4, 88, 17, 122, 35, 302 (owned by rel. ord., 47, x66, 201) ; superstition and 
folk-lore rdg., 5, 1*3. 1*7, «33. 7i i94. l^, ai4. ^66, 16, 131, ai, 140, 179, 228, 
282, a9, 283, 290, 30, 289, 292, 40, 70, 73, 342, 43, to5, xio, 124, 237, 295, 3x0, 
315, 3«7. 47, 308; various mention, I, 323, 327, 5, X65, X7X, 7, X90, 9, 40, 16, 
87, a8, 210, a9, 299, 31, 9^, 50, X3X, 51, 203, 5^ Z^%- Thickets, dedicated to 
spirits, ai, 276, 30, x8i, 3a, X46, 41, 208, 47, 308; various mention, 15, 90, 91, 
3a, X98, 38, 39, 89 (of bamboo), 44, 92. Logs, tree-cutting, and timber (see 
under Architecture; also Ships: shipbuilding) ; branches, i, 323, 3, 199, 4, 169, 
17, 71, 31, 231, 40, 304; bark (used as cloth, paper, etc), 3, 191. I7t 44. 33, 
109, 221, 225, 43, 280, 51, 196, 5a, 317. Leaves (nipa, etc), used for thatch and 
other construction in houses, i, 330, 4, 66, XX5, 8, 290, 10, 88, 13, 68, 14, 125, 
284, 16, 118, 233, ai, 24X, ^3, X69, 24X, a4, 178, as, 288, a8, X77, a9, 233, 299, 
30, 219, 3^, 83, 207, 3Z, 121, 34, 38t, 35, 217, 225, 36, 1x7, 37, 288, 38, 36, 

* Under this caption have been gathered and classified all references to plants 
and trees, as such; their commercial products may be found under such captions 
as Lumber (under Architecture) , Buyo, Chocolate, Drugs, Fibers, Gums and 
resins, Oils, Provisions, Spices, Haines and liquors. In the enumeration of plants 
and trees, information regarding each is given under each of its various names; 
eg., "rattan," regarding which, look also under "bejuco" and "Calamus.** Only 
scientific botanical names of plants are printed in Italics. 



Plants] INDEX 735 

ti7, lao, 129, »««» 39, 26, 34, 41, 67, 42, 276, 43, a?©* 47, 167, 48, 9«, 50, 68, 
259, 5^* 313, 321; id^ for other purposes (paper, clothing, etc.), I, 44, 305, 2, 
108, xic\ 197, 223, 7, x86, X90, 191, 9, X17, la, 243, 16, 83, ix$, 20X, ai, 202, 

^3, 138. ^9, 289, 29X, 33, 99, 159, «99, 3«, 27, 39, 99, 4©, 5«i 7^, I73, 285, 290^ 
322, 323, 335, 43, 280, 46, 322, 47, 323. Plants, rare, article of trade, 16, 229; 
introd. into other countries, I, 42, J, 214, 3, 24, 3X, 32, X79, X84, 277, 16, 229, 
^9, 39S, 30, 272, 34, 196, 206, 48, 9X, 5a, 3x6-3x8, 320; vegeubles, introd. in 
Phil, by a foreigner, 48, 283; vines, forests in Mindanao tangled with, 43, X4X. 
Herbs - poisonous, 3, x8x, 20X, 4, x68, 27X, lO, X9X, 16, 90, 99, ai, 225, 3x4, 33, 
207, 34, 389, 40, 137; antidotal thereto, 3, 20X, 4, x86, 40, 153, x$4; medicinal, 

5, X63, a8, 202, ^9, 293, 35, 121, 44, 84, 45, aS?, 47, 162; used as food, 3, 202, 

6, 128, ai, 242, 28X, aa, X43, 31, X9«, 34, 37^, 36, X79, 180, 51, 8x; various 
mention. 3, 202, 8, 79, 33, 149, 38, 5X, 40, 346, 43, 29a Roots, used as food, 3, 

191, 192, 196, 202, 257. 267, la, 28X, 15, IXI, 16, 7$, 18, 98, 19, 279, ai, 20X, 

248, 28X, ^3, 246, a8, 89, 267, 297, J9. "7f 30, 294, 31, 42, 3^, 93i 164, 33, 
207, 35, 92, 37, 100, 39, 99, 4©, 45, I39, 257, 304. 41, 235, 43, 157. 44, 57. 66, 
51, 81; other mention, 3, 24, 277 (sent to N. Espana), 28, xox, 43, xxo (charms), 
296, 51, 84. Flowers, as adornment, J, X40, 3, 200, 19, 6$, 27, 330^ 33, 213, 
255, 35, 217, 38, 27, 44, X09; other mention, a, 2x6 (offerings), 7, X90, ai, 227, 
a8, 202| 39, 290, 30, 289 (consecr. to spirits), 32, 248, 38, 5X. Fruits - abundant in 
Phil. Is., a, 202, 3, 202, 7, 42, 8, 25X, 9, 290 (but scarce in Mindanao), 10, 55, 
la, x88, X89, 2x9, 28x, 15, 37. 4h 16, 84, 87, 88, xo8, 234, Jl, 227, ^3, 285, 37, 
265. 275, a8, 89, 39, X62, 38, 28, 43, 48, 41, 159. 49, 33; «• food, 13, x68. 18, 
332, 19, 279, ai X44, 39, XX7, 31, 98, 37, xoo, 38, 34, 39, 99, 4i, 235, 4a, 2x7, 
43, 264, 44, 57. 51, 8x; article of trade, i, 68, 3, 299, 4, 224, 6, 50, X40, 7, 34, 
35, 221, la, X9X, 16, X79, J3, 285, 39, 306, 34, 3X7, 36, 202, 47, 267, 268, 282; 
candied or preserved, 16, 87, X79, X84, a6, 292, 29, 297, 298, 38, 49-5X, 48, 279; 
of China, 6, X97, 223, 7, 221; other mention, 6, X49, 7, X9o» X9X (sacrifice, as 
also 169 X3x), 16, 184 (preserved in Goa), JO, 268, aa, 99, X74, 23, X33, 31, 
9X, 98, 3^, 199, 48, 279 (dried and candied in Phil. Is.), 51, 23$. Seeds, a, 
214, 5, 133. x6, 88, 17, 7X. 36, 255, 43, 44, 5^, 3x6-318, 320; sap, 4, 276, 15, 
X07, 29, 298, 40, 80, 135. Botany, instruction in, 51, 260, 5a, 321; botanical 
garden of Manila, 45, 243, 3x5, 46, 185; ti., of £. India Ca at Cape Town, 
4J. 242, 243. 

Enumeration of plants and trees — 

Abaci (abaki; Musa textiles; tinampipi), produces Manila hemp (g.v, under 
Fibers), 3, 203, 16, xo6; use of its sap, 29, 298; see also Teztilet. 

Achiote, 51, 203 (see below, Aimotto). 

Achras sapota (sapota), 38, 50. 

Afzelia (Eperua) rhomboidea (tindalo), 51, X4X. 

Agathis orantifolia (damar, or galagala), names and uses, la, 34, 43, 269. 

Agave (pita, or maguey), americana, 16, 184; vivipara^ 38, 31 (see also under 
Fibers). 

Agia ( a small variety of Capsicum)^ 3, 77. 

Agoso (Ficus pungens), 41, 25X, 254. 

Aguas malas (a marine plant), a sign of land, 16, 204, 20$. 

Ajonjoli (agenzoli; sesamum)^ 4, 67, 5, 2ix (see under Oils). 

Algarobia (mezquit), 23, 2x3. 

Alhena (Lausonia inermis), furnishes a cosmetic and dye, 19, 28a 

Alipai {Euphoria litchi)^ native name for lechia, 38, 22. 



736 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Planti and Trih (amtinued) •» 

Almond, la, 214-216, 34, 69, lai (tee under Nuti). 

Aloci-wood (or eagle-wood; calambac, or caUmbuco; AfmUrim 4ig£iUckm)t 
names and uses, 19, 317, 40, 79. 

Amaranth (Amaranihus; chiquilite, haroma, kilids, quiletes), 15, iii, 16, So^ 
30, azo, 31, 191. 

Amoret tecos (brake; Andr9pog9n Mculmit, or Ckrys9fogpn)^ J3f x6a 

Amuguis {Cyrtocgrpa guinquestita) , a timber tree, 18, 173. 

Anahao (palma brava; Corypha minor), 48, 91. 

Anamirta cocculus (lagtan) deecriptioo and uie, 43* ^73* 

Andropogon caricosum (oogan), 51, 129. 

Anime, a kind of palm, 33, lai, 199 (see also under Gums and resins). 

Anise, 8, a$x, 9, 60^ 47, 173. 

Anisopura (Dipterocarpiu) thurifera (lauan), 37, 251. 

Annotto (achiote; Bixa orellana), furnishes a dye, 51, 203. 

Anona {Anona squamosal ates; custard-apple), la, 216, 217, 43, 314, 3x5, 
317 (feared by witch). 

Ansohan (Millingtotda quadripimiaia), 43, 300 (see below, Baticulin). 

Antipolo (Artocarpus ineisa; bread-fruit), 18, 173. 

Anthistiria gtganUa (tigbao; reed-grass), 5a, 334. 

Apari (apalia, paria; Momordica balsamina), J9, 298 (uses). 

Apples, I a, 189. 

Aquilaria agallocha (aloes-wood; calambuco), 16, 229. 

Areca, catechu (bonga; betel; see Buyo), a palm, 4, 222, 15, 108, 16, 97, 33, 
X3X» '33; oleraaa (see below, Cabbagetree). 

Arek, 38, 281 (see below. Piper). 

Arenga saccharifera (cabo negro; cauong), a palm, 18, 177. 

Aroru, a tuber cult in Mindanao, 43, 269. 

Artocarpus, ineisa (antipolo; bread-fruit), 18, 173; integri folia (nafigca), 5, 

169, 33, 342» 343> 43, 156. 

Asana (naga, narra; Pterocarpus indicus), 16, 89. 

Asimina (Amer. papaw), 13, 141. 

Ates (Anona squamosa), 38, $0, 51, 40, 206. 

Averrhoa carambola (camias; balimbin, birinbin), 29, 297, 298, 38, 49. 

Azaola betis (betis), 16, 87, 18, 173. 

Balao (Diptero carpus vernicifluuserron. velulinno), 43, 269. 

Balete (Ficus urostigima), la, 214-216, 4a, 194, 48, 94 (bark used for cloth- 
ing). 

Balimbin (balimbing, belimbil, birinbin; camias; Averrhoa carambola), 29, 
^97, 298, 38, 49, 40, ao6, 50, 48. 

Bamban {Sagus lavis), 34, 15$. 

Bamboo (Bambus; cane), abundant, 15, 303, 16, 116, 23, 182, 38, 89; de- 
scribed, 16, 116, 19, 283, 33, 182, 213, 34, 297, 39, 299; w»«9, i^f 189-191, 
208, 39, 299, 300, 38, 52, 43, 270, 30X, 51, X28, 19a, 196, 5«, SU ^^S' in con- 
struction of dwellings (see under Architecture) ; id,, of boats, junks, etc, 4, 54 
(sails), 184, 10, 85 (rafts), 16, 83 (masts), 201, 33, i95. ^9. 23* (r«ft»), 33, 
225, 37, 143 (sails), 38, 27, 177, 40, 172, 173; for weapons, 4, 78, 9, «^«. «<>, 
273, 31, 229, 37, 218, 219, 39, 211, 232 250, 33, 47, 55, «77, 211, 338, 35>, 34, 
115, 40, 88, 182, 364, 43, 273; for other defense, 3, 158, 160, 37, 275, 51, 81; 



Plants] INDEX 737 

for utensils, i6, aoi, 17, 140^ 33, 105, 207, 365, 40, 145, 146; lor writiog-papery 
13, 96, 16, 116, 40, 51, saa, 5a, 353 ; yarious other uses, aa, 151, J3, ai4. ^7<h 
^5. 153. 27. 337. 30, a64, 31, "3, 3«, i95. a»5, 33, xai, 169, 325, 34> 47. '^i, 
36, 2a4t 3^) 35) 40, 6z, 63, aai, aaa (fire-saw), 328, 43, 137 (bridges, as also 

»47). 304. 45, ^70. ^7*f 46, 3aa, 49. a48; >n folk-lore and beliefs, 5. ia3, >a7. '3, 
7a, ai, 140^ 179, 282, 40, 73; various mention, 30, 289, 3J, 83, 40, 135, 4 J, 306, 

43. 23s, 47. 324. 49, 31- 

Bambus (bamboo), arundo^ la, 190, 13, 96; mitii, u, 19a 

Banabi (Lagerstramia spedosa), a timber tree, 18, 172, 173, 48, 297, 51, 141. 

Banana (Musa; plantain), where found, a, 112, 198, 279, 27, 275, 286, 33. 
<33, >87, 207, 34, 69, Z07, III, Z2I, 39, 98; abundant in Phil. Is., la, 188, 189, 
16, X17, J3, 244, 35, 30a, 36, 201, 37. 289; no. of varieties, 5, 169, 16, 87, 88, 
^9, 297, 38, 51, 43, 270; as food, 3, 192. 202, 4, 235, 5, 137, 15, X07, 111, 16, 
80, 33, 99, 265, 34, 163, 38, 68, 43. 2x7, 51, 84; art of trade, 10, 296, 16, 201, 
33. 13X ; various mention^ 5, i33. 219. I3. x$8, ^9. 291, 33. 103, 235, 41. 289 (see 
also Fibers: abaci). 

Bantacan, a fruit, 47, 322. 

Barley, cultivated and sold by Chin., 3, 276, 6, 223. 

Basil, sweet, 15, ixz, 38, 51. 

Batatas edulis (camote, q,v, below), 39, 298, 49, 31. 

Batelan (same as balete?), 29, 299. 

Baticulin (Litsia obtusUta, or Olax baHcuUn), wood used for carving etc, 43, 
299, 300; (see also Ansohan, above). 

Batitinan {Lagerstramia batitinan)^ a timber tree, 18, 173. 

Bayabas (guava; Psidium)^ 38, 48. 

Bayog {PterosPermum hastatum)^ 40, 135, 43, 2x8. 

Bean (haba; Phaseolus), 6, 205, 34, X2X. 

Bejuoo (bexuco, bichuca; palasan), native name for rattan {g.v. below), 3, 198, 
5, 137, 139, X71, 16, 96, 19, 283, ai, 232, 242, 310, 38, 88, 39, 82, 40, 47, 47, 256. 

Betel (bonga; Anca catechu), its nut used in making buyo, la, 302, 303, 16, 
97, 38. 273, 280^ 281, 43, 157, 51, 85. 

Betel (or ikm6), appellation also of Piper betel (q.v), 16, 97, 40, 80. 

Betis (Axaoia betis), a timber tree, 16, 87, 18, 173, 51, X4Z. 

Bitanhol (bitanjol), 18, 169 (see, below, Palo maria). 

Bixa orellana (achiote, annotto), 51, 203. 

Bahmeria nivea (ramie; China grass, q,v, under Fibers), aa, 279, 280, 5a, 336. 

Bonano (see Banana), 38, 273, 278. 

Bonga (see, above, Areca, and Betel), 4, 222, 16, 97, 40, 8a 

Borassus gomuta (cauong; toddy tree), 51, 119. 

Borona (a cereal), 3, 55, 5^, 202, 268, 286, 5. 43, 55. 3^. 93. 34. 215, 49, 37. 

Brake (amores secos; Chrysopogon- or Andropogon-acicutatus), a3, 160. 

Bramble, 28, 32a 

Breadfruit (Artocarpus incisa; antipolo; colo; rima), 15, 107, 108, 38, 255, 
263, 43, 157- 

Brazilwood (sibucao; verzin; Casalpina sapan), 3, 196 (see Dyestuffs). 

Briar, 38, 89, 133. 

Bua panganghi, fabulous fruit, 34, 129. 

Buri (sago-palm; Corypha umbraculifera; cajare), 4, 276, 277, 284, 38, 63, 41, 
159, 213, 48, 91, 104, 49, 38 (see Provisions: sago). 



738 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Plants and Turn (oondnued) •» 

Buyo (native name for Piper hiUl, q,v,\ ikni6), leaves uaed in making bayo 
(7.ff.)i I3| 3oit 303, 16, 97 (here called betel), 38* aSi (here called arek), 40, 8a 

Cabbage, 33, 231, 35, 30a. 

Cabbage-tree (Anca oieracea)^ 38, 249. 

Cabo negro (gamii; Cmry9ta urens^ or emalSa), 48, 299, 51, 119 (see under 
Fibers). 

Cacao (Theohroma cacao), I, 4a, 5, 73 (misprinUd cocoa), 16, 103 (beans as 
money), 47, 2x9, 2$$, 4«, 305, 49. 33» 37. 3«- 

Cacasuchil, 38, 31. 

Cachumba (safflower; Cartkamus tinci9nus), 16, 97. 

CMolpina sapan (sibucao; brazU-vrood), 3, 196. 

Cajare, 33, 360 (see Sago). 

CaUdium iscuUntum (gabe; Cohcasia; "elephant's ears"), 44, 66. 

Calamba, herb of (C9ldima procumbnu^ according to Blanco and BJumen- 
tritt), J9, 202, 4«, 309. 

Calambuco (calambac; aloes-wood; Aquilaria agallocha), 16, 229, 19, 317, 27, 
95. 96, 39, 306. 

Calamus (bejnco; ratun), 3, 198, 5, 171, la, 190^ S^. 3x4; C, gracilis^ 5, 171; 
G. maximus (palasan), 171, 43, 275. 

Calanta (cedar; Cedrela), 16, 89, 38, 28. 

Calinga (Cinnampmum pauci/l9rum), bark used as spice, 48, 309. 

Calophyllum inophyllum (palo maria; dangcalan), 18, 169. 

Calumpang (calumpan; Sterculia fatida), 43, 10$. 

Cam paoganghi, a fabulous tree, 34, 129. 

Camandag {Croton ttgUum), 48, 99. 

Camagan (Diospyros dUcolw)^ 43, 27a 

Camias (Averrh9a biUmbi)^ 50, 48. 

Camote (sweet potato; Batatas eduiis; Comfolvuius batatas) ^ introd. in Phil^ 
35f 302, 48, 9z; kinds, 29, 298; article of food, 3, 202, 5, 137, 15, izi, x6, 80, 
18, 98, ao, 274, 275, 39, 267, 298, 33, 41, 99, 40, 19$, 42. 217; various mention, 
5, 45. 10, 262, 16, 20X, 39, 298, 33, 207, 34, 69, 43, 141, X57. 299. 48. 175. 

Camphor (Camphora oficinarum; see also, below, Dryabalanops) , i, 330, 16^ 
X85, 228, ai, 310, 37, 97, 33. 23, 23X, 352, 355, 4a, x«3 (•« Ouxdm and resint). 

Canarium commune (pile), 16, 89. 

Cane, a common appellation of bamboo, sa, 3$$ (also applied to rattan and 
sugar-cane). 

Canafistula (senna; Cassia fistula; cassia), 16, 228. 

Capsicum^ 43, 157 (see above, Agia; and below, Pepper). 

Carica papaya (papaw), 13, I4«. 43, I57- 

Carthamus tinct9rius (safflower; cachumba), 16, 97. 

Caryophyllus aromaSicus (clove), 14, $8, 59, 16, 239 (corrupted to "gariofylos"), 

Caryotaonusia (Borassus gomuius; cauong; toddy-tree), 51, XX9; urems (gamu; 
cabo negro), 48, 299, 51, xz9 {see under Fibers). 

Cassava (Manihot manihoi), root used for food, a, X25, 33, 297. 

Cassia Ifistula']^ (canafistula; senna), 16, 228. 

Cat-tail flag (Typha latifolia), 16, 233. 

Catbalooga (St. Ignatius's bean; Strychnos), 48, 308. 

Catchubong (tachibong, etc.; sugapa; Datura alba), 48, X2x. 

Cauayan, native appellation of bamboo, la, 189. 



Plants] INDEX 739 

Cauoog (nadve name for Caryota 9nusta, se. urensf; Argngit mcchmriferit)^ 1 8, 
177. 

Cedar (calanta, lanipga; ddrela toona)^ 16, 89, ai, 227, J4, 107, 38, a8. 

Ceiha pentandra (kapok; tree cotton), 34, 189. 

Cerpeotaria {indigo f era}) ^ 5a, 316. 

Cha, Chin, name of tea, 16, 104, 48, 27$, 5a, 319. 

Chapae, a root, 33f 65. 

Char a (a mushroom?), pickled, 16, 97. 

Chestnut (Castania), 16, 88 (see under Nuts). 

Chiacare, a name for nangca, 33, 342, 34, 107. 

China-grass (Bahmeria nivea; tchou-ma; ramie), aa, 279, 280^ 5^1 SS^- 

China-wood (root of Smilax china), 19, 309. 

Chiquey (chicuei, chicuey; Chin, persimmon; DiosPyros kaki), 16, 180^ J9, 307, 
5^1 33^) Jagor's conjecture (5a, 333) erroneous. 

Chiquilite (quiletes; Amaranthus), 15, iii. 

Chrysopogon (Andropogon) acicntaius (brake; amores secos), 33, i6a 

Cinamomo, appellation of Melia acedarak (in Spain), and of Lausoma inermis 
(in Manila), 19, 280. 

Cinnamomum, pauciflorum (calinga), 48, 309; C. sp. (cinnamon), I, 3S4» 3» 
184, 277, 19, 216, Ji, 197. 33, 231, 239, 349, SS*. 357. 359. 34, "5. «S7. 49. S* 
(see also under Spices). 

Citron (Citrus, medica?, or mitis?)^ 16, 87, 234, 238. 

Citrus - hisirix (amumuntay; lime), 38, 50; aunuttium (see, below, Orange); 
medica limonum (lemon, q,v. below). 

Clody (yam), 51, 84. 

Clove (Caryopkyiius aromatieus), 14, 58, 59, 16, 239, 19, 288, 291 (tee onder 
Spices). 

Coca (Erythroxylon coca), U, 303. 

Coco(a)nut palm (Cocos nucifera), usefulness, 3, 202, 5, 169, 6, i$z, 16, 88, 
34, 381, 38, 5z, 47, 256, 50, 2ZZ, 51, ZZ9; various mention, a, 6$, 86, izo, iza, 
19^1 9i 71 (on Manila's earliest coat-of-arms), la, 28z, 19, 283, 284, ao, 34, J3, 
»33, i37i 344» a6o, a8, 98, loz, ^9, 298, 299, 33, 107, 323, 34, 3«7, 38«, 36, 200, 
201, 38, 22, 29, 31, 249-254, 273, 39, 80, 47, a$6, 49, 33 (■« «l«o Fibers: booote). 

Coffee (Coffea arabica), aS, 320, 43, 224 (introd. in Phil Is. by miss's), 47, 

^SSf 48, 305, 51, 130. 

Cogon, name of various coarse grasses in Phil. Is., Andropogon caricosum 
(lallang), 51, Z29; Imperata arundinacea (ilib), 29, 233, 48, 96; /. koenigii, 43, 
264, 265; Saccharum koenigii (or spontaneum), ^9, 233. 

Colo, Vis. name for bread-fruit, 15, Z07. 

Colocasia antiguorum (gabe; Caladium), 43, 269, 44, 66. 

Comulicai {Anona}, a fruit), 34, 73, Z07, z6a 

Convolvulus batatas (former name of camote), 29, 298, 43, 2Z4. 

Corot (Dioscorea triphylla), 29, 298. 

Corypha-umbraculifera (buri; cajare; ebos; sago-palm), 4, 276, 33, 360, 38, 
63, 48, 9z minor (anihao; palma brava; also called Livistonia rotundifolia) , 47, 
181, 48, 91. 

Cotton (Gossypium herbaceum; kapas, 34, Z89), produced and cult in Phil. Is., 
J, ao2, 3, 169, I7«, 270, 4, 98, 5, 43, 45, ^7. «3. 9«, 99. «". 6, 150, 205, 224, 
a7<^ 7, 38, 8, 82, 84, 87, 89, 9a, 94. a5«, »79. 9, 60, 65, 10, 71, 225, la, Z87, 16, 
43, 106, J3, a«CN 39, 297, 34, S77. S«a. S«3. 35, 9^. SOS. 36, 9«. 38, 22, 4$. 



740 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Plantb and Tun (ooodoiMd) •» 

48, 39i 99. 3<H. 49. 34. 37. 3^, 51, I3«. ^S*; "> ^^^Y *>««•. neglected by FiL, «, 
80k 81, 84-89, 9a; Phil. Is. adapted to its cult, 8a» 89, 94; cult encouraged bj 
govt., 50, 48, 52, 73, a$x, 51, as^; »<'•. by Soc. Econ., 52, 131, 5a, 3X7-3ao; introd. 
of new varieties, 5a, 3Z7-3ao; produced in N. Espafia, 45, 36; exported (alto its 
seed) in early times from Phil. Is., 3, 57. 

Cotton tree (Kapok; Ceiba peniandra), 34, 189. 

Croion tiglium (croton; camandag), used to poison arrows, 48, 99. 

Cucumbers, 33, 331, 34, 73, 43, XS7« 

Custard-apple {Anona), la, ai7, 16, 80, 87. 

Cypress, ai, 227. 

Cyrtocarpa quinquesHla (amuguis), a timber tree, 18, 173. 

Dabdab (dapdap; Erythrina), la, 215, 216, 29, 299 (deciduous). 

Dalogdagan, medicinal plant, 29, 302. 

Dammar (damar; galagala; Agathis orantifolia), I9, 34, 43f 269 (see under 
Gums and resins). 

Dangcalan (dincalin), native name of palo maria, 18, 169. 

Datura alba (or fastuosa; jimson weed; sugapa, catchdbong, tachibong, talam- 
ponay), root eaten to cause frenzy, 48, i2i. 

Date-palm (Phanix dadflifera), 3, 171; its fruit (see under Provisions). 

Dildo, 39, 52. 

Dioscorea alata (ubj), 29, 298; triphflla (corot), 298. 

Diojpyros, discolor (mabolo), 16, 87, 88, 43, 270; ebenaster (sapota), 38, 50; 
kaki (Chin, persimmon; chiquey), 16, 180, 29, 307; virgimana, 16, 180. 

DiptiTOcarpus (tangili), 48, 297; gmso {gut jo, guiso), 18, 170; mangachapoi 
(mangachapuy), 173; plagatus (yacal), 173; thurifera (laguan, lauan), 171; 
vernicifluus (erroneously velulinno; balao), 43, 269 (see, below, DryahaUnoPs) , 
D6ngon (dungol, dungon; Sterculia cimbriformis) , 18, 172, 173, 48, 297. 

Dryabalanops (Diptero carpus) camphora (Malay camphor tree), 33, 355. 

Durian (Durio Kibethinus), a fruit of Mindanao, 33, 342, 343, 38, 273, 281, 282, 
40, 140, 43, 156. 

Eaglewood (aguila; aloes-wood; calambuco; Aguilaria), 16, 229, 19, 317, 27, 

96, 97. 29, 306- 

Ebony {Diospyros), used in weapons, 16, zo6, aa, 59, 31, 115, 40, 176; various 

mention, la, 246, 15, 303, 16, 180, 229, ai, 197, 227, 37, 96, 31, X15, 3^, 78, 36, 

202, 38, 5«. 45, 273, 47, 255. 257, 49, 38, 5i, 140- 

Elm, witch, 12, 214. 

Entada (or Mimosa)^ scandens (gogo, bayogo, etc), 51, 140; purseta (gogo), 
a tree, 16, 78. 

Eperua, decandra (ipil), a timber tree, 18, 173; rhotnboidea (tindalo), 51, 141 
(see, above, Afzelia). 

Epidendrum^ 43, 160. 

Epiphytes, in Mindanao, 43, 142. 

Erythrina cornea {indica; dabdab), la, 215. 

Erythroxylon coca (coca), la, 302, 303. 

Eugenia, jambolana (lomboy), 43, 310; malaccensis (macupa), 5, 169. 

Euphorbia pilufera, used to catch fish, 48, 122. 

Euphoria litchi (alipai), former name of Nephelium litchi (9.V.), 38, 22, 5a, 336. 

Ficus, carica? {Bg), a, 65, 7, 34. ^3, 278, 33f 99 (here, as at 131, applied to 
banana); pungens (agoso), 41, 251 254; urostigima (or indica; balete), la, 214. 



I 



Plants] INDEX 741 

Flax (Linum), edit in PhiL, 17, 299, 48, 298, 50, 4S; oil from iti wed, 6, 150 
(see under Oil). 

Gabe (gabi; C alodium isculentum, or C9hauia an^quorum)^ cult in Phil., 43, 
269, 44, 66, 47, 3^8. 

Gagatpat (SonntraHa), 43, ao$. 

Galagala (dammar; Agaihis orantifoUa), is, 34, 43, 269. 

Gamalote {Sorghum sacckaratum?), uted aa fodder, 16, 91. 

Gamd, native name for Caryota (cabo negro), 48, 299. 

Garbanzo (chick-pea), la, 88. 

Garcinia mangostana (mangosteen), 40, 133. 

Garlic, Z3, 187, 35, 3<», 43, i57, 47, 277. 

Ginger {Zingiber oficinaie). See under Spices. 

Gogo {Entada), a vine {E. scaudenj), 51, 140; a tree (£. purseta), 16, 78. 

Gourd, 4, X67, la, 189, 33, X87, 231, 34* »»>• 

Grape (Fi/ii; vine), 3, 77, 4, $3, l^, x89, I7, xoo» J3, 178. 3^, ««. 45, 75 
(cult, not allowed in N. Espana). 

Graptophyllum hortense (pasao), 37, 48. 

Grass, 14, 56, 301, 16, 305, 37, 276, 33, X77, 39, 47, 4©, 34*, 41, a54- 

Grass hemp, Span. {Siipa)^ ropes made of, 33, 377. 

Guava (guayaba; bayabas; Psidium guayava), 16, 87, 34, 73, 38» 48, 49, 273. 

Guiso (arguijo, guijo, guisoc; Dipterocarpus guiso), a timber tree, 18, 170- 
»73. 48, 296. 

Gumatty, a palm, 49, 38. 

Hemp (Cannabis), cult in Phil. Is., 17, 299, 48, 298, 50, 48; seed asked for 
N. Espafia, a, 85. 

Heteropogon contortus (tigbao; reed-grass), 52, 334. 

Jgnatia amara, 48, 308 (see, below, Strychnos). 

Ikm6, a name for Piper betel (buyo), 16, 97. 

Ilib, native name for cogon, 39, 233. 

Imperata (oogon), arundinacea, 29, 233, 48, 96; koenigii, 43, 264, 265. 

Indigo {Indigofera), in Phil. Is., 4, "8, 43, 134, 47, a$5, 5^, 3", 3«4-3X7- 

Ipil (ypil; Eperua decandra), a timber tree, 18, 173. 

Ipomcea batatas (an old name for camote), a, 202. 

Ironwood, native of Java, 43, 299; iV., of Brazil, 51, 141. 

Ixora Manila (nilad), 3, 148. 

Jaca (jack), a common name for nangca (Artocarpus), 38, 273, 282. 

Jasmine {Jasminum), 40, X32, z66. 

Jessamine, 33, 2x3. 

Jimson weed (Datura alba; sugapa, etc), root causes frenzy, 48, X2Z. 

Juiticia ecbolium (sarasa), 37, 47, 48. 

Kapok (tree cotton; Ceiba), 34, 189. 

King's fruit (mangosteen; Garcinia)^ 40, 132. 

Lagentrcemia, batitinan (batitinan), a timber tree, 18, 173; speciosa {Mun- 
chauiia speciosa; banabd), id., 172, 173. 

Lagtan (lactang; Anamirta cocculus), 43, 273. 

Laguan (for lauan), 18, 171. 

Lallang grass (cogon; Andropogon caricosum), 51, 129. 

Lanipga, a name for cedar (calanta), 16, 89. 

Lauaan (lauan, lavan, lavang; Dipterocarpus, or Amsoptera thurifera), 18, 171, 
37, a5«, 48, 297. 



/ 



742 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Plants and Turn (conrinqid) — 

Uurel (Laurus), i, 334, la, 214, 33» a39i 34. 45- 
Lausonia intrmis (cinamomo; alhent), 19, aSa 

Lechia (li chi; alipai; Niphilium litchi^ or Eupk9ria Utcki), 38, ai, aa, 5s, 336 
{not, however, chiquey). 
Leguminoja, order of plants, 19, 317. 
Lemons (Citrus medica limonum), in eastern islands, 5, 171, 16, 87, 234, 33s 

nS. 187, a3«, 34, 69, lai, 3«, SO» 5«- 

Lettuce, 45, a88. 

Libby-tree, 38, a7a. 

Lime (Citrus hisirix), la, 189, 38, 249, 354, ass. 

Liisea obtusata (Olax baticulin; baticulin), a timber tree, 43, 30a 

Livistonia rotundifolia (palma brava), 47, i8z. 

Lomboy (Eugenia jambolana), 31a 

Lunasia amara (macabuhay), a tree, 48, 379. 

Lygodium scandens (nito), 40, 291. 

Mabolo (Di9sPyros disc9lar), 16, 87, 88. 

Macabuhay (Tinospora^ or Lunarid)^ a tree, 48, 279. 

Mace, the covering of the nutmeg (see under Spices), 

Mace-reed (cat-tail flag; Typha laSifolia), 16, 333. 

Macupa (tampoi; Eugenia malaccensis) , 5, 169, 171, 38, 49. 

Maguey (Agave; pita), 16, 184, 38, 31. 

Mahogany, 48, 308 (sec, below. Nam). 

Malibago (Hibiscus tiliaceus), bark used for defensive armor, 40, 18a. 

Manoond (magoond; Xantk9sUm9n verdugomumus), 40, 178, 43i 999* 

Mangachapuy (mangachapoi; Dipter9carpus, or FaHca, memgackap9i)i a 
timber tree, 18, 173, 48, 297, 51, 141. 

Mangifera alHssima (paho), ai, 144. 

Mango (manga; Mangifera indica), 38, a65, 40, 206 (see also^ below, Palio). 

Mangosteen (king's fruit; Garcinia mangosiana), 40, 132, 43, 137- 

Mangrove (Rhinophora) , a, 68, 35, 155, 156, 41, 291, 43, 1S9. »«4, 51, 9S- 

Manioc (manihot; cassava; Manih9t manihoi)^ 33, 397. 

Manungal (Manungala, or Niota^ or Samadera), medicinal qualities, J9, 30a, 
48, 279, 308. 

Maple (Acer), 4, 276. 

Maria de Monteguas, appellation of a timber tree, 18, 172. 

Melia ace dor ah (cinamomo), 19, 280. 

Meliacea, a botanical order, 16, 89. 

Melon (Cucumis)^ 3, 56, 5, 171, la, 189, aa, 299, 35, 302 (introd. in Phil), 
43, X56; watermelon, 33, ^Zh 34, 73, 38, 249, 263, 273; muskmelon, 249, 263, 273. 

Metroxylon sago (Sagus koenigii), 34, 15$. 

Mezquit (Algarobia), 23, 2x3. 

Millet (Setaria italica), 2, 108, 146, 202, 223, 23, 133, 33, 133, 169, 187. 

Millingtonia quadripinnata (ansohan; baticulin), 43, 30a 

Mimosa scandens, or saponaria (Entada scandens), 51, Z4a 

Molave (Vitex geniculata: tugas), a valuable timber tree, i, 333, 316, la, 245, 
18, 173, 33, 241, 39, 257, 37, 251, 47, 292, 193, 48, 4a, «o6, 296, 51, 141. 

Momordica balsamina (apari), 29, 298. 

Morinda sp. (nonog), aa, 300. 



Plants] INDEX 743 

Mulberry, paper (Br9ussonitia papyri f era), 34, 326, 38, 52, 67, 68, 48, 307, 
50, 48, 49. 

Munchausia, toother name for Lagerstroimia, 18, 17a. 

Musa (banana), 5, 169; Af. UxHlis (abaci), 3» 203, 16, 106. 

Myristica fragrant (nutnoeg), 90, a$8. Myrobalan {Tirminalia), J7, 97. 

Myrtacea, a botanical order, 43, 299. 

Naiigca (nanca, nangka; jack-fruit; Artocarpus inUgrifolia) , 3, 56, 5, 169, 171, 
16, 88, 33t 187, 131, 342, 343, 34f <07, 38, 49, 43» XS^- 

Narra (asana, naga; Pterocarpus indicus; Phil, mahogany), 16, 89, 40, 135, 
48, 308, 51, HX- 

Nelumbium speciosum (tucao), roota edible, 48, 97, 98. 

Niphelium lUchi (Euphoria liiehi; lechia), 5a, 336. 

Nilad (Ixora manila), Manila named for, 3, 148. 

Niota, another name for Manungala (Samadera), 48, 279. 

Nipa-palm (Nipa fruticant), 3, ass, >^9f ^^» ^» ^^» I4> '^S* l^» ii7» ^33» 
Ji, 24Z, 40, 360, 48, 186, 51, 192; ita use in cooatructioo of dwelling (aee above, 
under Leaves). 

Nito (gnito, nitongputi; Lygodium scandetu), 40, 28 s» a9X* 

Nono (nonog; Morinda)^ Ji, 239, aa, 300^ J9, 284. 

Nutmeg {MyrisHca fragrans), ao, 238 (see under Spices). 

5^goso, a seaweed, ai, 308. 

Oak, live-, 30, 273. 

Olax baticulin (baticulin), 43, 299. 

Olive (Olea), 4, 53, 6. 50, 51, 7, 202, la, 74, 14, 58» 16, 97, 17, 102, 19, 3>». 
45, 75 (cult not allowed in N. Espafia). 

Onions, 34, 189. 35, 3<»f 43, 1S7- 

Oranges (Citrus aurantium), produced in Phil., 5, 171, la, 189, 16, 234, ai, 
197. ^3, 278, 39, 296, 33, 133, "87, 36, 20X, 38, 273, 43, 156; in trade (exported 
from China, etc.), 3, 245, 276, 7, 34, 16, 179, a9, 306; varieties, 16, 87, ^^, 299, 
^9, 300 (navel), 38, 50, 51; various mention, la, 214 (dwarfed), 16, 80^ 179, 
33, 109, 213, 231, 34. 69, 121, 35, 302, 36, 201, 38, 249, 47, 273. 

Ordag, a medicinal plant, 39, 302. 

Oropisa, an edible root, 3, 202. 

Osier, rattan compared to, ai, 208, 229, 232. 

Pagatpad (palapad, palatpan; Sonneraiia) ^ 43, 20$. 

Paho (pah5, pajo, pao; Mangifera altissima), a fruit, 16, 97, a I, 144, 276, 277. 

Palasan {Calamus maximus), a kind of rattan, 43, 275. 

Palavan, an edible root, 41, 44. 

Palma brava (anahao; Corypha minor; Livisionia roiundifolia) , 43, 273, 47, 

181, 48, 37, 91. 

Palm-trees, abound in Phil. Is., 3, 196, 4, 268, 285, 286, 5, 55, 77, 97, 169, la, 
189, 301, 15, 109, 16, 117, a3, 216, 33, 109, 34, 276, 37, 289, 38, 68; of many 
kinds, 16, 87, 38, 51 (see, in this list, sago, cocoanut, nipa, areca, etc) ; uses, 4, 
X98, 201, 267, la, 189, 15, 48, 92, 241, 23, 214, a9, 299, 33, 47, 38, 29, 40, 182 
(see, above. Leaves; also gen. captions Architecture; Fibers; Nuts; Oils; and 
Wines) ; destroyed by Span., 7, 135, 10, 69, 18, 185, ^^^ no, 295, a3, 89, a9, 165, 
3^^ 157; constitute wealth (traded, etc.), 16, 128, 31, 267, 40, 360; shoots eaten, 
5, 219, 44, 75; other mention, 4, Z79, 13, 89, 16, 238, aa, 58 (a motif of decora- 
tion), 23, x68, 30, 292, 3^, X03, 37, 138, 40, x66, 43, 214. 



744 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Plants and Tun (ooodnued) — 

Palmcttxs 38* »6i, 39> 34- 

Palo maria (bitanhol, dangcalan; CaUpkyUum im$pkyUum)^ 18, 169, 170^ I7S» 
48, 279, W. 51, i4»- 

Pangi {Hidnocarpus P9lyandra)f 40, 119. 

Panicum (millet), 33, 133, 187. 

Papaw (Carica papaya) ^ 13, 141, 16, 87, J9, asa, 38, 49; Amer. papaw {An- 
mina), 13, 141. 

Pasao (Grapiophfltum korteusi), 37, 48. 

Pea, chick- (garbanzo), is, 88. 

Peach, aj, 143, 34, 73. 

Pear, in trade, 3i 276, 7, 35, 16, 179, 180^ 183, 234, 235 (introd. from Spain), 

^2.143. 
Pepper {Capsicum; agia; Guinea pepper, cod-pepper), 3, 77, 38, 2^4, 255, 275. 

Pepper, of commeroe (Piper tdgrum and hngum)^ 3» 77, 34, 164 (aee under 
Spices). 

Pereimmons, Chin, (chiquey; DiosPyros Kaki^ or Mscplor)^ 16, i8a^ 29, 307, 43t 
270. 

Pile (pili; Canarium commune), 16, 89. 

Pine, 4. 88, 117, 9, 309, 14, 185, 304, 16, 88, JO, 267, 268, 30, 273, 48, 297, 

52, 317- 
Pineapple (ananas; Ananas saHvus), 7, 34, 33, 4h 38, SO, H% 39. 9*» 40, 282, 

43> 156. 

Pippins, 15,' III. 

Piper, betel (ikni6; buyo, q,v. above), 4, 222, IJ, 302; nigrum (also hngmm), 

34, 164. 

Pita (maguey; Agave americana), 16, 184. 

Plantain (the same as banana), 38, 273-276, 39, 98, 99, 51, 84. 

Plum, 3, 56, 7, 35, ^9, 306. 

Pomegranate, i, 334, 7, 35, ai, 227, 34, 69. 

Poppy (Papaver), produces opium (^.v., under Drugs), 51, 159, 5^, 31S. 

Potato, sweet (camote; Batatas edulis), a, xo8, xx2, 198, 3, 202, 267, 5, 45, 77, 
6, Z39, i40b 14, 219X, 15, 296, 29, 298, 33, 93, 34, S^tt 38, 24, 25, 28, 34, 265, 273, 
39, 98, 106, 109, 110, 40, 65, 44, 66, 47, 274, 48, 91 (called Malagan). 

Potato, Amer. (Solanum tuberosum), 5, 45, 38, 28, 47, 274. 

Psidium guay ava (guava), 38, 48. 

Pterocarpus indicus (narra), 48, 308. 

Pterospermum haslatum (bayog), 43, 218. 

Quemandag (a tree), resin used for poisoning arrows, 40, 182. 

Quiletes {A maranthus) , 15, m, 16, 80, 30, 3x0^ 31, 191. 

Quince, 16, 88 (introd.), a6, 292, 34, 47. 

Radish, 43, iS?- 

Rambiya, appellation of sago palm {Sagus koenigii), 34, 154, 155. 

Ramie (China grass; tchou-ma; Boekmeria nivea), a J, 279, 2S0 (tec ooder 
Fibers). 

Rattan (bejuco; Calamus sp.; Ind. cane), described, 5, 171, 16, 9^, 19, a*3f ^i, 
310; uses, 3, 198, 16, 96, 39, 82, 51, 196; as shelter for body, 3, 201, ai, 229, 40, 
47, 88, 285, 290, 364, 43, 27s (huts) ; distils water, 5, 171, la, 190, 38, 88; arm- 
lets, etc., 21, 208, 40, 45, 304; cables, baskets, etc, 15, a6i, ai, 232, 240^ 34, 189, 

35, «o8, 38, X22, 125, 43, X54, 313; other uses, Jl, 310, 33, 242, 39, 8a, 40, 171, 



Plants] INDEX 74S 

2a6, aa8, 4if 7^ 43» 307, 49* Sa; various mention, St 19^ (origiii of oame), ai, 
ao8 (called osier), aa9, 332, 35, 14^, 36, 29% 38, 4S, 43* 169* 47» ^56, asj, 49> S'- 

Reed (incL many references to Bamboo and Rattan), 3» 54? SSi S9f ^<f 4» i^^ 
5, 123, «27, ia9, 7, a24 (houses), 10, 85 (rafts), la, 190^ 15, 301 (mats, for sails), 
16, 55, 34. 107, J7. ^65, 27X, ^9, a«3. a«9 (^f P«per), a9«. Sio^ 30, »9»i 3i, «5. 
33, 83, 33, 263, 38, 206. 

Reed-grass (tigbao; AnthisHria gigantic; Hitirofogon C9niortut), 8, 137, la, 
2x9, JO, 266, 267, ^4, «69, 41, aS4. 47, a94- 

Rhubarb, 19, 3x5, 34, X3», >7i. 48, 309- 

Rice {Oryza satwa)^ abundantly produced in PhiL Is., a, 65, xa8, 146, 147, 198, 
202, 204, 223, 253, 3, X96, 297, 4, 67, 291, 6. X49, 2P5, 15, 3<»f S>«. 3«9i l6, 31, 
X08, xxo, ai, X97, 227, 3x3, aa, 185, x86, 270, 298, 245, 278, j8, 98, J9. 5^. ^^t 
207, 34, 3«7, 3«a. 386, 35> xaa, 36, X93, X94, 200, 38, 43. 4*. a«^. 39, 5$. 4i, a3S. 
49, 3X-33. 37, 38. '95, ^66; elsewhere, J, 86, xi2, 261, 4, 54, 6, 223, 9, 291, 310, 
10, 262, 34, 69, X07, XXX, X2X, 143, X77, 38, 249» ^ss; many kinds, 8, 251, 3^, 199. 
83, 3x9; other mention, 33, 323, 43, 1249 5a, 316; sa aiso Proviaioos and Food. 

Rima, name of bread-fruit (Artocarpus), 15, 107. 

Rose, 16, X07, 303, 33, X69 (in sacrifices), j8, 202 (cult by Jes.), 37, 298, 44, 
X09. 

Rosemary, la, 2x4. 

Rosewood, used in Chin, mfres., 48, 275. 

Rushes, 6, 55, 33, 186, 31, 23X. 

Saccharum kanigii (Jmperata; oogon), 39, 233. 

Saflknffer (cachumba; Carthamus tinctorhu), 16, 97. 

Saffron, i, 335, 6, 150, 44» 48- 

Sago (burl; Corypha umbraculifera; Mitroxfhn $ag9; Sagus; rftmbtya; segu), 

I, 323, 3, 65, 147. 4. 2761 I5» X". «?• «o«i 34f 69. xo7» xx«f »54f XS$. 49. 3« (•« 

also under Provisions). 

Sagut laevis (bamban) 34, X55; kcnugu (Metroxyhn sago), 155. 

St Ignatius's bean (catbalonga; Strychnos), 48, 308. 

Samadera indica (manungal), medicinal uses, 48, 279. 

Sandalwood (Santalum), 19, 3x8, 37, 96, 34, xax, X2$, 165, 166, 179, 224, 38, 
52, 4^, 2x8, SI, 140. 

Santol (sanctor, santor; Sandoricum indicum), 5, 169, X7X, 16, 87, 38, 49, 43, 
3x0. 

Sapota (zapote; Achras sapota; Diospyros ebetuuter), 38, 5a 

Sarasa (morado; JusHcia ecbolium), 37, 47, 48. 

Scallions, 33^ 231. 

Soorzonera (Scorzonera tubtrosa), 16, X79. 

Seaweed (ngoso, lano), 3i, 308. 

Sedge, 4. 284. 

Semilla, a cereal, 18, x8o. 

Sesame (ajonjoli; Sesamum indicum, or orientaU), 4, 67, 6, 150 (see also under 
OiU). 

Shorea (Dipterocarpus ; tangili), 48, 297. 

Sibucao (brazil-wood; verzin; Casalpina sapan), 3, 196, 15, 265 (see under 
Dyestuffs). 

Smallage, 33, 77- 

Smilax china (China-wood), 19, 309. 

Snake-wood (Strychnos?) , 37, 96. 



746 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Plants 

Plantb and Tun (ooodnued) — 

S9nneraHa (gagatpat, pagatpad, palapad, palatpan), a tree, 43, ao$. 

Sorgo (S9rghum)^ 33, 133, 187 (we alto^ above, Gamaloce). 

Souriop (anona), la, aiy. 

StilUngia sehifera (tallow-tree) » 5a, 3x9. 

Sierculia, cimbriformis (d6ngDD), 18, 171; feedda (calumpang), 43, 10$. 

SHpa (Span, gratt hemp), 33, 177. 

Strawberries, 39, 297. 

Strychnos (Ignatia amara\ St Ignatiut's bean), J7, 96, 49, 308, 309. 

Sucao (sucbao; Nelumhium)^ 48, 97, 98. 

Sugapa (talamponay; catchubong, etc; Datura alba)^ causes frenzy, 48, lai. 

Sugar-cane (Saccharum oficionale), J, iza, 198, 3i 270^ 287, 4, 235, 14, 290, 
301, 15, X07, ixx, 34, 8a, 33, 4h 99, ^05, 213, 235, 34, 7S, xo7. x»>, 40, 140^ 5^, 
3x6. 

Talisay {Terminalia catappa), 36, 223. 

Tallow-tree {StilUngia sehifera) ^ 53, 3x9. 

Tamarind {Tamarindus indica)^ 3, 3X, 32, X84, 16, 87, J4, 4$, 34, 285, 43, 3x0^ 

48. 279. 
Tampoi {Eugenia malaccensis) , 5, X69. 
Tangili (Dipterocarpus ; Shorea), 48, 297. 

Tchou-ma, Chin, name for ramie {Bahmeria nivea), J J, 279, 28a 
Tea {Thea, or Camellia; chi, 9, 36, 16, X04, X84, 43, x^ 45, 39, 48, 275, 

51, 154, 5a, 3x9- 
Teak (ticla, tiga; Teetona grandis), 44, X52, 48, x88, 296, 297. 
Terminalia, sp. (myrobalan), 27, 97; catappa (ulisay), 36, 223. 
Theobroma cacao (cacao), 47, 2x9. 
Thistle, 33, 63. 
Thorn, aa, 206, 38, 89. 
Tigbao (reed-grass; AnthisHria gigantea; Heteropogon contortus), IJ, 2x9, 

5^, 334* 
Tinampipi, a name of abaci (Aftc/tf), 3, 203. 

Tindalo {Afzelia rhomboidea), 51, X4X. 

Tinospora (macabuhay), 48, 279. 

Tobacco {Nicotiana tabacum), abounds in Phil. Is., 47, 2$$, 48, 305; natives 
addicted to its use, 38, 28, 39, 3<H, 43, 30X, 48, 97, 50, X09, xxo, 51, 225; cult 
and mnfrc., 17, 334, 335, 39, 3x, 3*, 5©, S3, 51, xx8, XX9; article of trade, ai, 
313, 22, 2x5, 37, xox, 39, 3X, 51, 8x, 8a, 5a, 88, 95; >n ^<^' storehouses, 51, 6x, 52, 
77 (see under Revenue) ; other mention, 16, 98, 24, X45, a6, 300, a8, 249, 38, $2, 
265, 39, 26, 57, 60, 41, XXX, 43, 237, 46, 5X, 47, 302, 50, 53, 51, "8, 226, 52, 
7^, 77, 95. 2X4. 

Toddy-tree (Borassus gomutus), 51, XX9. 

Torchwood, 52, 3x7. 

Tribulus, 29, 292. 

Tuba-tuba (Jatropha curcas and Croton muricatum are called tuba), 43, 273. 

Tubli (tublc), 273. 

Tugas (molave), 23, 241. 

Turnip, 33, 231. 

Typha lati folia (mace-reed; cat-tail flag), 16, 233. 

Ubi (Dioscorea alata), 29, 298. 

Urtica nevea, nettle cloth made from, 51, X4a 



Pobre] INDEX 747 

VtlHoo, a weed in Spain, 23, 16a 

Vanilla, aromatica^ 47, 274, 5a, 3x6; ovalis, 51, 140, 52, 3x6. 

Fatica (mangachapui; Dipterocarpus) , 51, 141. 

Verzin (brazil-wood; sibucao), 33, 294, 298. 

Vitex geniculaia (tugas; molave), la, 24$! 18, 173. 

Walnut, I, 334, la, 214, 34, 45- 

Wheat, 4, 54, 6, 223, 49, 38 ; uted in forming a standard for measure of weights, 

45, 185-187- 
Xanthostemon verdugonianus (magoon6, mancon6), 40, 178, 43, 299. 

Yacal (saplungan; Dipterocarpus plagaius)^ 18, 173. 

Yam (yuname; clody; Dioscorea divaricata), a, zo8, 112, 198, 261, 3, 202, 

5, 77, 6, 140, ao, 274, 275, 38, 28, 273, 39, 98, X06, X09, 1x0, 43, 157, 51, «4- 

Plasencia (duchy) : Jes. expelled from, 50, 28x. 

Plasencia (Plasengia), Juan de, O.S.F.: life and labors, 6, 229, 7, 173, 285, 287, 
la, X93, 34, 326, 35, 292, 3XX, 50, 164, X65 (see also Books). 

Plasencia, Thomas de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 72. 

Plata (La) : reefs of, almost cause wreck, sa, X87. 

Plates: iron, 3, 135; silver, la, x66, 32, 27; gold, 29, 28; used by FiL, 3, 264; in 
trade, 8, 90; offering and sacrifice, la, 266, 13, 72; as present, 29, 28; round, as 
ornaments, 287. 

Platform: in cathedral for royal officials, 25, 78. 

Plauchut, Edmond: his writings characterized, 5 J, 236; cited, 272. 

Playa Honda (Onda; Playahonda, Playa-honda, plain in Zambal Prov.): meaning 
of term, 18, 37; location and description, 37, 47, 292-298; presidio among Zam- 
bals, 9, 74; Zambals in, 37, 249, 4a, 269; they resist reduction, 43, 42, 42; re- 
volts of, 6, 185, 38, 226-228; battles at (Dutch-Span.), 17, 25, 22, 226, 228-224, 
290, 18, 10, 21, 37-42, 182, 237, 268, 19, X9«, «>2, 226-234, M, 202, 242, J4, 86, 
96, 97, 41, 208; Span.-Chin. battle at, 27, 320; miss, labors in, 41, 257, 43, 54; 
bones of Misericordia members removed to, 47, 4a 

Plaza, Bernab^ (Bemabe) de la (alc.-may.) : conceals decree, 36, 227; reduces 
Tandag, 38, 130. 

Plaza, Christoval Bernardo de, O.P.: signs letter, 45, 249. 

Plaza, Pedro de la, O.S.A. : arrives at Mex., 24, 53 ; sketch, 37, 209. 

Plaza de Armas (Mil. Square, Manila): barracks on, 32, 88; parade encircles, 36, 
29, 32; citizens give mil. service in, 52; roy. chapel in, 89, 208. 

Pledges: gold chains given as, by chiefs, 9, 298. See also Hostages; and Pawn- 
shops. 

Plessis, Card. Armand Jean du (due de Richelieu) : cited, 48, 336. 

Plin (Plun), Pierres (French pilot): accompanies Legazpi, a, Z05; hanged as con- 
spirator, 144; cited, 169. 

Pliny (Plinius, Roman author): in Fil. poem, I, 80, 82; calculates degree, 206; 
writes rdg. cinnamon, 306. See also Books. 

Pnom-penh (Panomping, Camboja) : location and name, 31, 89. 

Poalas (dist. in Mindanao [?]) : sultan of, 44, 64 

PohlaciSn (centra) : meaning of term, 23, 161. 

Poblete, Christoval, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 86. 

Poblete, Jos^ Millan de. See Millan de Poblete. 

Poblete, Miguel (or Miguel Millan) de. See Millan de Poblete. 

Pobre, Juan (Joan), O.S.F.: life and labors, 9, 29, is, 22, 228, 220, 124, 239, 259, 
16, 39, 31, X7«- 



748 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Poca 

Poca (Poc«) y Guevara (Pendara) y Con^itM, Franciaoo (enoooL) : ligiia doe^ 6, 

229, 246, 9, 13a. «S^; petitions gor^ 7, 304, 9, 181. 
Pocock, Sir George (Brit commander) : attacks Havana, 49, 314. 
Poetry: translated from Span., i. So; among FiL, 80, 81; pasquinade on Corcuera, 

^6» 53-59; in honor of id.^ 27, 333. See also Fil.: Esthetic life. 
Poets: no FiL, I, 80; in PhiL, 42, 205; compete, 204. 
Pogetes (people of N. Luz6q) : hostile to Span., 14, 297. 
Poisoning. See Crimes; and Diseases. 

Pol a (Pola, dist in Mindoro) : various rel. in, J8, 314, 41, 163, 179, 238, 44, 104. 
Polaco, Alberto, S.J.: martyred, 35, 179. 
Polanco, Jos^, O.S.A.: sketch, 37i ao8. 
Polanco, Jos^, O.P.: life and labors, 38, 187, 189. 
Polanco, Juan de, O.P.: life and labors, 37» ii3i lao^ 126-128, 135, 141, 197, 41, 90^ 

91, x6$, 43, a8.. 
Poland (country in Europe) : cousin of king of, martyred in Japan, 35, 179. 
PoUngui (Polangui, Polanguin, vill. in Luz6n) : location and status (1591), 8, 120, 

28, 290; Jagor in, 290; Fran, in, ao, 122, a8, 157, 168, 35, 313, 36, 217. 
Polavieja, Gen. Camilo (gov. of PhiL, 1896-97) : succeeds Blanco, 53, 189; demands 

reenforcements, 189; ushers in reign of terror, 192; sketch, 17, 311. 
Poles (inhab. of Poland) : rel. in Manila, 27, 307; reL captured by Dutch, J9, 25; 

reside in Manila, 44, 29. 
Police. See Cuadrilleros ; and Santa Hermandad. 
Polillo (vill. in Luz6n) : subject to N. Ciceres see, J8, 286; curacy, 283. 
Politics: in Fil. problem, I, 20; effect of parties on, 51; rights of friars not affected 

l>y» 45» 140. See also the several nations and countries. 
PoUkoh: defined, 51, 208. 
Polo (Bolo - mispr., P61o^ vilL in Luz6q) : Zambal vill., 5, 203 ; tobjcct to N. Cioeres 

sec, a8, 153; Fran, in, 146, 157, 168, 169, 3^, 163, 35> a79, 36, 2x4, 37, "89; hosp. 

order owns estate in and near, 47, 199, 20Z. 
Polo, Marco (Ital. traveler) : first European writer on Japan, 33, 321; first European 

to mention Java, 34, z68; his divisions of India, 332; sketch, 4, 56. 
Polombato (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, a8, Z71. 
Polonia, Alberto de, S.J.: ill in Macao, 29, 34. 
Polygamy. See Marriage; and Fil.: marriage. 
Polynesia: the tabu in, 3, 287. 
Polynesians: composed of mixed races, 43* 268; wear pareu, 163; Visayans compared 

to, 12, 187. 
Pomponius (ancient geographer) : calculates length of degree, i, 206. 
Ponce, — (sarg.-may.) : seizes Korans, 48, 200. 
Ponce, Alonzo, O.S.F.: banished, 31, 300. 

Ponce, Carrion (servant of G. Perez Dasmarinas) : Chin, slay, 16, 26a 
Ponce, Capt Francisco: defeats Moro pirates, 41, 323, 4a, 156. 
Ponce, Juan (chief) : his revolt and execution, 38, 1x5, X27, x28. 
Ponce, Juan, O.S.A.: life and labors, 43, 189, 2xa 
Ponce, Manuel (Fil.) : owns Philippina, 53, 15. 
Ponce, Mariano: cited, 5a, 176. 

Ponce, Miguel, S.J.: life and labors, 38, 92, 38, 1x5, xx6, 120, 44, 56. 
Ponce (Ponze) de Leon, Christoval (notary): official acta, a, 257, 295, 299, 3X0» 

3x1, 326. 



Population] INDEX 749 

Ponce de Le6n, Alf. Gregorio: deputy in Lumban, xo, a8a; tt witneti, 388. 

PoDce de Leon, Jotn: Span, diiooverer of Florida; aaked to aid Saavedra, J, 37. 

Pondicherry (Pondecherry, India): French post at, 47, 2$%; Brit menace and cap- 
ture, 239, 949, 49, 44, 7a; Fayette at, 86. 

Pooit, Lorenzo de, O.P.: sketch, 14, 84, 85. 

Ponot (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, 36, 57. 

Pons y Torres, Salvador: excloistered Aug., 5 J, 168; characterized, 168. 

Pontevedra (Rec. vill. in Negros) : pop. (1878), J8, 322. 

Ponto, — de, O.S.F.: acts as witness, xo, 287. 

Ponto, Raia: king of Ciau, 33, 247. 

Ponze, Diego, S.J.: criticised, a6, 268. 

Poongbat6 (vill. in Mindanao) : Jes. in, J8, 151. 

Population — 

In general: census - taken by oidors, X, 51; taken in certain proy., x6, 161; 
basis of trib. collection, i6z (see also Rev.: trib.) ; gov't attempts to take, 45, 246; 
names enrolled for services and taxes, 47, 205, 206; Arandia's of Chris. Chin., 
48, 180; Span, and foreign uncertain, j8, 161; overestimated, 34i ^3* *S^f ^61; 
early estimates, vague, 26 ; comparisons of, betw. various localities, 4, 53, x6, 233, x8, 
202, 19, 246, j8, 234, 39, 97; in various localities at various timet, x, 40^ 58, 85, 86, 
7. 3»-5i. 8, 96-141, 9. 95-X04, 17, i89-»xa, 18, 94-«o^f «o, 229, 230, 232-236, J8, 
84-102, 130, 131, 140, 146, 147, Z50-i6o^ 179, i8o^ 209, 267, 274, 286, 289, 300-348, 
36, 200, 204, 48, 58-58, Z36, 51, Z98, Z99; no. at Manila exaggerated, 3» 149; 
diversity of, in Luz6n, 18, zoi, Jl, 127; PhiL can support great, 19, 251; no. of 
citizens necessary in barrio for establ. of school, 46, 310; increase and growth, 
I, 76, 85, 86, IJ, 62, 63, x8, 283, J7. ao»f a«i »8». S»»f S3«» 334. 33^. 337t 349- 
353. ^7, i54t 4^ 346. 51, 7^. 5^, ix4» »«5; depop. and decrease, i, 35, 6, 2x1, 
14, 142, 16, X08, ixo, 114, 19. »73. «3, X64, axi, 213, 244, 260^ 283, J8, 100. 30, 
252, 34, 190, 36, 197, 38, 7x, 40, 158, 2i6, 4J, 252, 44. xi2, 48, 50, 51, 265, 50, 
24. 63. 

Spanish: in Phil., I, 44, 60^ 3. 303» 3x3. 4. a4t 37, 78, 83, 5, 8x, 6, 51, 52, 240, 
7, 42, 85, 123, X35, 8, 127, II, 257, IJ, X38, 182, 15. 304, 16, 42, 143, 146-X49, 
17, 105, JO, 20, 233-235, J3. 2x6. J7, 82, 83, j8, 62, 161, 177, 240, 146, J9, 79, 
190, 220, 228, 255, 305, 34, 383. 387, 444, 445. 36, 90, X59, X83, 193, 195. 2x4, 257, 
264, 265, 37. 73. X03, 195. *5a, 38, 55, 41, 3x4, 44, 84, 4^, a83. 49, X7, 51, 80, 
X23, 22o^ 307, 5J, X5, 34, 35, XX4-X16, 2x5; no Span, in miss., 50, 156; id, in 
prov., 165; no. in Phil, should be reduced, 5 J, 31-44; no Span, in China, 7, 233; 
Span, in other localities, 18, 143, JO, 99, J7, 154 (see also SpaiL) ; preserved by 
Span, colon., I, 36; restricted by conmiercial system, 63; proposed method for 
repopulating Mindoro, 16, xio; white, in Phil., should be reduced, 5 J, 31-44; 
mixed, in Phil., should be promoted, 86, 87. 

Movements of population: migrations, 5, 63, 79, Z90, J7, Z05, 33. 3^4, 44, 299, 
45. 33. 48, X63, X72-X74 (see also Mor.) ; of Span, from Manila forbidden, 5, 
195; emigration and immigration, 7, 9, 19, I J, z6, 14, X5, 18, 143, 150-X52, 189- 
192, 2x2, 238, 16, X94, 277, 17, 39, 50. 18, 17, X83-185, X9, 14, X9, 142, X43, X92, 
269, 272. JO. X39. X40, J4, 222. J9, X90, 19X, 34. *38. 36, X98, 44, 248. 46, 27. 
308, 339, 350, 47. 889, 50, 24, 5a, 64, 107, 145 (see also especially Chin.: 
pop.) ; emigrants to Phil, must provide for their wives, J5, 23 ; Span, emigration 
to Phil, insignificant, J8, 353; families of Pangasinan transferred to Zambales, 41, 
24, 24X ; surplus, emigrates to New 2^aland and Van Diemen*i land, 5J, 88. See 



750 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Population 

Population (ooodiMied) — 

also the various cities, vill., prov., etc, of the Phil.; the several countries and 
nations; the several peoples of the Phil, (especially Fil.: characteristics; pop.; 
and Soc. and econ. life) ; Islands; Phil. Is.; and Rev.: trib. 

Porac (Poric, P6rac, vill. in Luz6n): archers from, aid Span., J9, 229; chief, loyal 
to Span., 38, 173; miss, labors in, J8, 131, 165, J9i 9^9* 37> i^5» >37» >f4» 3^* I4>« 

Poray (vill. in Luz6n) : status (i6ia), 17, 194; Aug. in, 194. 

Porcelain. See China. 

Pordiotirosi defined, 4 J, 107. 

Porne (city) : I, 328. See Brunei. 

Poro (vill. in Leyte) : Mor. sack, 41, 313; Jes. admin., a8, 17a. 

Porras, Antonio de, O.S.A.: life and labors, 34, 67, 68, 74, ^9, 164. 

Porras, Diego de: encom. assigned to, 34, 307. 

Porras, Eusebio, O.S.A.: elected visitor, 4 J, 184. 

Porras, Fernando de (official of India House of Trade) : signs statement, 9, 159. 

Porras, Juan de, O.S.F.: life and labors, 41, 94, 163. 

Porras Ontiberos, Lucas de (treas. and alc.-may.) : signs letter, 36, 13; app. on com- 
mittee, 35. 

Porras y Guevara, Francisco de: his services, 7, 150. 

Porres, Martin de, O.P.: lives in Lima, 45, 309; his vision, aia 

Porro, Juan Baptista, S.J.: labors in Japan, 39, 43; his death feared, 43. 

Porter, Peter (Brit officer) : slain at assault of Manila, 49, 56, 93, xox. 

Portero, Diego, O.S.F.: desired in Japan, 9, 19. 

Portes, Antonio, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, ^4, X2a. 

Porti^ela, Baltasar de, S.J.: labors in Simar, 36, 56. 

Portilla, Alf. Domingo Francisco de: app. corregidor, J J, 240; services and salary, 
240. 

Portilla, Juan de (ecc sec'y) : countersigns order, 15, 33. 

Portillo, — (Span. gov. of Formosa) : his defense of Formosa against the Dutch, 35, 
>3S» >37» >38» X40, Z43; surrenders Tanchuy to them, 143; remains in Jacatra 
(through fear), 246, i6x. 

Portillo, Francisco de (del), O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 229, 140, 141. 

Portillo de Cardos, Alonso: licenses printing of San Agustin's ConguistaSf 43, 243. 

Portobello (Portovelo, Puertovelo, Span, seaport town in New Granada) : port of 
transfer for Span, trade, 19, 104, 48, 3x4; trading fairs in, 44, 295; described, 
48, 333; importance, 335; Eng. capture, 47i *3«- 

Porto Carrero, Graviel de (Rec.) : goes to Spain, J6, 40, 41. 

Portocarrero Laso de la Vega, Melchor (conde de Monclova, viceroy of Peru, 1689- 
'705): prohibits Chin, goods in Peru, 44, 295; sketch, 4 J, 27a 

Portonovo (trading town on Coromandel coast) : thrives on Manila trade, 4J, x8a 

Ports: conceded to Port., i, X38; refuge given in, 233; Goiti takes possession of, 3, 
X06; port of Japan (native settlement in Luz6n), 5, 107; allotted to Span, crown, 
Sf 7^1 Span, demand Cambodian, 9, 175; Span, sound Jap., 15, 252; in Luzdn 
described, 16, X07-109; few capacious, in Luz6n, 234; in E. Luz6h, j8, 288; in 
N. Segovia (Dutch ships in), 39, X95; in Leyte, J8, 90; Chin., 39, 306, 3 J, 26; 
Span, reconnoiter, 36, X15; better, needed, 46, 74. See also Capes. 

Portugal (Lusitania, Portagalo, Portogal, Purtugual) — 

In general: dist from E. Indies, JO, loi; words of its lang., J, 267, 27X, 275; 
policy rdg. native lang. of Orient, 47, X57; papal grants to, i, 23, X04, 105, 137, 
138, 3, X2X, X22, JO, xoo, xox ; protests against papal grants to Spain, i, 90. 



Portugal] INDEX 751 

Explorations and discoveries - its com. furthered by, x, aa; has monopoly of 
African and Asiatic, as; navigators of, as; right of oceanic disc ceded to, by 
Spain, as, 2^; Columbus in, a6; Magalhaes in, a6; is. disc for, loz, Z04. 

Domimon: extent of, x, aa, xao, xs8, 159, x6o^ a, a7a-a74; boundary of king- 
dom, I, 160, x6x, X65; its rights under Line of Demarc, as-as; lands within its 
demarc, 3, xa6, 34, axo, aaz ; confusion Vdg. its rights in Orient, x, a6, 27 ; its 
demarc to be respected, 27; granted rights in Africa, 89; how mainlands belong- 
ing to, determined, zaa, zas, ia6; is. conceded to, zs7; kingdoms, etc, id^ i$%; 
its posts in Brazil, j, 2% ; proposal to exchange Phil, for Brazil, X9, z8, as7 ; Brazil 
belongs to, 33, 4Z ; its oriental possessions, 7, Z99, 20$ ; £. Indian possessions, jo, 
100; power in Far East, J7, 90, 91; occupy Moluccas, a, S't claims and demands 
id.t I, 147, Z50, Z55, Z57; Span, sale of id., to, aa4, aas, 27, 70, zs9 (see also 
Treaties - Zaragoza) ; claims Phil., J, zz8 (see also Lopez de Legazpi; and 
Pereira) ; why prevented from occupying PhiL, x, as; conquers Malacca, 15, 
4a; Amboina becomes subject to, 369; its sovereignty in Timor precarious, 4a, 
az8, az9; its few remaining possessions in India, 48, 365; causes of ruin of Ind. 
possessions, 365, a66; regains sovereignty, 3, 5s (see also below, negotiations, etc, 
with Spain). 

Govemmeni, itci list of sovereigns, i, 355-S57; kings, as, 115-1x7, 1x9, xao, 
zas, >^ xa6-za8, aas, 6, Z5, 59, 60, ao, xoo, xox, 34, 196, 4a, ax6, ax9; pretender 
to throne of, 14, X76; officials, I, xao, zaz; Span, viceroy of, 7, aos; Span, naval 
capt. in, ^^, si; Council, X, xao, xax, x8, 6s; courts of, I, xax; crown dominates 
mil. order, zs7; id,, owns valuable trade in India, 7, aox; policy of id^ toward 
native lang., 47, X57; roy. escutcheon, 4, X67, a75; roy. treas. drained by Men- 
doza's exped., 15, a69; law forbidding pepper and ginger plants to be carried 
from India, 34, X96; under Span, govt, i, %2, sSSf 4> 3>3» 5t 10, xs, x6, as, a8, 6, 
»«7» 7t «99t 8, X9X, la, a9, 15, 5^. 34i 3S8; separates from Spain, i, sa, 353. 

Ecclesiastical matters', miss's go to China from, 3, ao4; provision of mainte- 
nance of rel., 14, aaa; miss's journey to Orient by way of, a4, 2i^ a66, a8, 7a; 
miss's must not be sent to' Orient by way of, a4, a67; roy. patronage of king of, 
defended in Macao, 4a, a94; Jes. expelled from, 49, 334, 50, a7S, a83-a85; Jes. 
preach agaitist, a74; hostile to papacy, a8x. 

Trade relations', injured by oriental com., 7, X99; money sent to India from, 
aoo; money returns of, ^^, X7a; valuable, in India, 7, aox; restriction of, advan- 
tageous to, 304; mdse. sent to, to prejudice of Span., la, sx; trade with Terrenate, 
14, X77; unlimited, asx; trade with Orient, 16, X84, 18, X98, 19, as7, 3x1, a7, 
90, 9X, no, 150, Z5a, ao8; benefits would accrue from destruction of Macao, 18, 
x8, X96-X98; contest of, with Spain for spice-trade, a7, 70; declines through neg- 
lect of com., 18, a65, a66. 

Relations mth Spain: right of oceanic disc ceded to, by Spiain, i, as; treaties 
and compacts betw., i, 7, 8, as-as, xx5-xa9, xsx-xss, X37, X59, 164* aaa-a39» 
S4a, 3, xas, X24; Pel. II respects contract with, x, 31; conflict rdg. lands of New 
World, I, xs; demarcation assembly (see Demarcation, Line of; Badajoz, Junta 
of; and Yelves) ; its officials at id., i, X65, 167-Z71, 174, 176-187, X96-200, 214-217, 
220; protests Span, deputy, i, 2x5, ax6; negotiations rdg. Moluccas, i, 90, X47, 
i5o> ^SSt i57i ^Ht *^St ^t >44 (^e also Is.: Moluccas); negotiations rdg. Phil, 
(see Lopez de Legazpi; and Pereira); aids Castile, a, sox, 302, 308; war betw., 
^2, 34, 4x; subject to Spain (see above, gov^, etc) ; Pel. II writes to, 7, x8, 19, 
>99'304, sao; his promise to, aoa, aos; 'oy* galliots of, in Acufia's fleet, 16, 308; 
revolt against and separation from Spain, x, sa, 353, a8, xoo^ 35, xas, ^Mt »8, 



752 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Portugal 

ForruGAL (coadDued) — 

36, 71, X04, 37, 68, 19a; war with (x66o), 976; maket propottl to Spain to 
unite in expulsion of Jet^ 50, 2i%. 

Relations of other peoples with, attitude toward Moors, 6, 15, 59, 60; at peace 
with Holland (2643), 35i iSs; king of Siam sends present «h 4^» >>6* 

Miiceilaneouj: mil. orders in, i, 137; maps in, 195, 198; doc. in, 154; archives 
in» 53t 36; coins, 19, 3x0, 3x1; Pigafetu in, 33, 974, 34, 16, 147; free-masonry 
in, 5^1 234. See also Portuguese. 
Portuguese (Portingales, Portugales) — 

Charactiristics, social factors, etc, called Parangue by Chinese, 4, 50; confused 
with Span., 163, aax, 33, 18, X9, 139. 

Resident in Brazil, j, 99; in Orient, 8, X93; in India, 5, 24, 7, aoo^ 8, X75, 
X76, IJ, 58, 59; needed in India, 18, x8, X97, X98; bom in India, 4, 66; mestizos 
in India, aao; Port-ChixL mestizos, 4 J, 999; in Malacca, 8, 176; in Amboina, 
14, X75, 15, 31X (no.); no. of families in Ternate, 15, 334; migrate to Phil., 
16, 301; in Kaili, 38, 66; in Macassar, 7a 

Language, used universally in their colonies, 50, X7X; used after capture by 
Dutch, 4 J, 174; letters in, cited, 11, X25. Their characteristics, etc., 3t 37i At 
65. 66, 5, »7, «4, i4ii Sao, ««. 35. 35, i8x, 4a, X5X, X54, X95, X98. 

Ecclesiastical matters, introduce Christianity into Moluccas, I, 3x; miss's with- 
drawn from id^t 36, 68, 70, 7X, 44, 98. Conversion prevented by, 3» 73- Miss's 
in China, 6, 85; prejudice Chin, against friars, X33; save Fran, from deadi in 
China, 15a; misinform Salazar rdg. Chin., 7, 3x3; give wrong example of 
Christianity to Chin., 18, 203; rel. acts as ambassador to China, J5, X38; oppose 
entrance of Dom. into China, 30, X58; traders to China accompanied by priests, 
31, 135; traders in China refuse to aid Aduarte, X37; rel. go to India from, 3^t 
368; claim ecc patronage in China, 4J, X5X, X98; Jes. compose trouble betw., and 
Span., 6, 347, 348; expel Span. rel. from Macao, 7, 3x7; Jes. minister to, u, 380; 
O. of St. J. of G. founded by (X540), 14, X64; Misericordia aids, 14, 3x3; u/., 
ransoms, 47, 40; helps found /</., in Manila, J8, X35; try to keep Span. reL from 
Japan, 14, 336, 338; unable to find priests for confession in Japan, 18, 3x9; 
houses of, in Japan, searched for priests, 19, 54, 95; Chris, allowed in Japan^ 39, 
81; aid Dom. in Japan, 3i» 356; Jap. imprison Chris., 3J, 95; rel. martsrred in 
Japan, 3 J, 330; priest incites natives of Sumatra against Dutch, 15, 307; sec 
labor in Phil., J3, 347, J5, 309, 317; ordination of sec. and regulars requested 
and conceded in Phil., 36, xi, 65, 66, 4 J, 17, X98; sec uken to Manila, 44, 98; 
rel. in Camboja, 31, 77; rel. in Formosa, 35, 45; though Cath., illtreat Cath., 
35, i8x; take rel. to Tagalonda, 393; Navarrete attends sick, 38, 68. Miss'y 
labors of, in Macasar, 70; arrested for murder in fV., 70, 7X; asked to renounce 
faith in, 70, 7X ; slave in id,, adopts Mahometanism, 7X ; ordain native priests in 
India, 4 J, 138. Freemasons in Macao, 46, 357. 

Government, etc., capt.-gen. protests against Span., i, 30, 3X ; gov. opposes 
Span., 32; ambassadors, 91, 3» za8, J5» laS; ministers, sign decrees, 7, 199; 
violate roy. instructions, 14, xo, J5, X38; subject to Coun. of Port., 33, 43; see 
also below, Rel. with Europeans. 

Discovery, exploration, and colonization', discoverers and explorers, i, 33; ex- 
plorations and disc in new world, 13; own Brazil, JO, 149; carry on exploration 
eastward, 307, 309, 3x7, 17, 135; their demarcation, I, 308; their route to Orient, 
9) 308, 313, 16, 306, 329, 19, 33, 30, 39; send large fleets to Orient, i, 368; 
reason for their prestige in Indies, 368; disc in Orient, IJ, 177, J9, 377, 378, 36, 



Portuguese] INDEX 753 

X98; reach India (1498), x, 25; establ. in India, x, 93; first to open tea route to 
India, 48, 287, a88 ; decline of, in India, 6, axy ; defend its coatts, 30, S9 > charac- 
ter of their admin, in India, 48, a66; Ormoz belongs to (1507-1629), 19, 303, JJ, 
305; own and settle Malacca (1511), x, 142, 15, 42, 33» 332, 34i 174; disc, and 
occupy Banda Is. (15x1-1609), 33> 364, 34, 154; Magalhies proposes to follow 
route of, X, 28; Bassein ceded to (1536), x8, 205; fail to discover or occupy 
Phil., I, 32, IJ, 177; their route to Amboina, 4, 226; capture Amboina, IJ, zx; 
disc. Rica de Oro. Is., J9, 80; own Timur (partially) and Solor, 34, x66, 4 J, 
218; colony at Sto. Tom6, 254. 

Discover Spice Is. (Moluccas; 1512), I, 26, 147, 155, 19, 304, 34, 153, 158, 40, 
114; route followed thither, 3. 168, Z69, 34, z8, 209; do not disc. Moluccas^ i, 
148, 150-152; do not hold or occupy them, 142, Z5z; claim them, Z50, 15, 44; 
hold them, i, 166; forts and settlements in, 4, Z34, 13, 305, 14, zz6, I5t 42, 43; 
reenforce them, 18, 222; lose forts, 4, 226, 19, 248; see also below Relations with 
Europeans, Span., and Dutch. See also below. Relations with orientals^ their 
settlement in China; and Relatioos with Eur. 

Trade', as middlemen, J4, Z50; prestige in, J5, 118; trade on com^ 1x9; com- 
pete with Eng. £. Ind. Co., 35, 209; effect of disc, of Good Hope route on, 48, 
287; oriental, left to, 7, 203; cautious in oriental, 225; gain and control oriental, 
x6, 224, 229, 18, 58, J5, 6ov 30, 43, 48, 287; not injured by Span., 8, 180^ Z83, 
185; injured by, jealous of, and hostile to Span., 8, Z83, 9, z8, 254, xo, Z7, Z93, 
Z99, 200, 23Z-233, 14, 45, 2Z5, 15, z8, Z72, Z73, J5, ZZ7, X22, Z28; loss of, xo, 
Z92; injured by Dutch, J9, 9; injure Chin., J J, Z3, 97; injure PhiL, J5, 9, Z4, 
43; testify rdg. foreign, at Canton, 45, 38; demand excessive prices, x8, 293, 
294, ja, 98, J5, 113, 136; control prices, zz3, Z22, Z27; their profits, Z4, ZZ4, 
Z25; Chin, raise prices of mdse. sold to, 7, 75; become rich from, zz2, Z26; trad- 
ing vessels described, 18, 324; exempted from duties at Manila, 7, 138, 148; 
duties on their mdse., J5, Z4, 16, Z13, ZZ4; restrictions on, 7, 203, J5, iz, Z4, 
«5. 43, 137; smuggling and illicit trade, li, Z07, J5, «4» iao» '^'t ^9, 7«f 74- 

Trade at various localities and with various peoples -in Orient, J7, 86, 87, 90, 
9z, 94, 96, 30, 42; in E. Indies, 19, 9; at Malacca, i, Z43; have no^ in Phil., 3, 
38; in Phil, (chiefly at Manila), and with Span., 7, Z38, Z48, 8, z8o, Z90» 19Z, 
9, 232, II, 229, 244, 15, 2ZZ, 16, Z83-Z85, 225 (in Mindanao), 17, 176, 19, 69, 
^^, z8, 67, 97, 98, z86, Z87, 2Z4, 23Z, J3, 33, ^5, X4, «30, «3«, i3^t i40t 39t 69, 
30, 86, 39, 85, 4 J, Z74; permission for Span, to trade with, 8, Z9o» Z9Z, 236; 
with Manila prohibited, 4J, Z50; with M., profitable, Z5Z, 294; traders reside in 
M., 26z ; in China and with Chin., 3, 40^ z82, 4, 58, 5, 24, 7, 202, 10, 192, IJ, 
51. 14, Z37, 17, 319, 18, z8, X97, 202, 19, 306, 3X2, 3x3, JO, X3X, ^4, 23, 287, 
288, J5, X4, XXX, XZ4, XX7-X20, 130, X32, X37, J7, 326, 31, X24, 4J, 2x8; bribe Chin, 
to secure their trade, 3, 227; fear loss of Chin, trade, J5, xx8; in Japan and with 
Jap., 3, 40. 5, 24, 27, 10. 26, 14, 226, 23X, 15, 20X, 203, 19, 2x, 58, 306-3x1, JJ, 
X42, X69, X72, J3, 55» 63, J4, 172, J9, 8x, 3a, 287; with Japan, endangered, 35, 
57; Bomeans must not sell to, 4, X89; in Borneo^ X99; at Amboina, 226; in India, 
7, 200, 2oz, J3, 33; in Moluccas, u, 202, 16, 253, 40, XX4; in Siata, 15* 244, 
38, 44; in Kalikot, 33, 332; in Camboja, 44; in Cochinchina, 37, 234; with Spain, 
3, 184; with N. Espana, 18, 326, J5, X36. 

Trade in various articles - spice-trade, l, 305, 335, 4, 226, 16, 224, 19, 3x5, 
J7, 98, xoo, X09; abandon cloves, 34> 43; in drugs, 16, 224; see also Spices; 
precious stones, 4, 50, 16, X85, 19, 3x5; report precious stones in Phil., 34, 285. 
Slave trade, 10, 87, 16, 164, x8, 25, 62, 3x8; do not trade in quicksilver, 17, 



7S4 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Portuguese 

PoRTUOVBtB (ooDtinued) — 

338. Trade depends upon Malacca, 15, 3x9, 330; wts. used by, x8, 14a; make 
investments in gold, J3, 33; traders accompanied by priest, 31, xas; traders re- 
fuse to aid Aduarte, xay. See also Com. 

Relatiofu nmth OrUntaU: call Malayans, "Morosi" 3, aio; intermarry with 
orientals, 4, 66; orientals hostile to, 15, 315, 316. 
4, 66; orientals hostile to, 15, 315, 3x6. 

With natives of Phil. - hostilities (mainly through treachery), J, x6, 1x7, xa6, 
X51, 15a, X84, ao8, aa9, a67, 306, 307, 312-3151 3, 30. S«. 4^. i97t 4. a^St 5, 47. 
6x, 63, j8, $27, 34, 21X, 41, a77, 278, 51, 27; influence them against Span., 3, 
xxo; ransomed by Joloans, X97; intermarriage, 2x5. 

With Moluccans - use vessels of, 3, 30; hostilities, 4, aa6, aa9, 7, 98, xo, 48, 
i^. 16, 77. ^4, 59, i75» 15. »68, 3XX, 3x2, 16, X9, 49, 5a, 60^ aao, aas, 276, 283, 
34. 17. 4«. 49. «56; alliance with, 15, 247, 16, 24a, 343, 34, 17. aox; not feared 
in Moluccas, 16, a4x; violate Moluccan women, 34, 4x; many die at Ternate, 
X58; see also above. Discovery, etc 

With inhab. of other £. it., 3, x8a, 4, 65, 187, 199, 20X, 20a, aax, aas-aas, aa9, 
la, XI, X75, 15, 307, 17. »55. as^, a69, 270, 18, aa3, J3, 13. «9, 90b 97. 98. 
154. «9. «7. «97. 198. 31, 104, 33, 35S. 38, 7a 

With Chin. -not allowed in China, 3, 4a, aa7; no, in China, 4, 65; their set- 
tlement in China (Macao), 3, a77, 4, 3x6, 5, 34, a7, 6, 6a, 30a, 7, 80, 8, X76, 
«77. 183, X94, 9, "3, 10. «9«, ««, «58, l6, 44, 296, 18, X96, a93, JJ, X4. 34, S^a, 
4a, X50, a94, 46, 357; claim China, 3. 45; report rdg. Chin., ao4, aos; should 
have share in conquest of China, 6, ao7-axo; spread false reports rdg. China, 7, 
ax4, 2x8; hostilities, 3x9, 9, 308, 10, 234, x8, aox, J5, X23, X24; intermarriage, 13, 
79; fear alliance of, with Ternatans, 16, 226; and Chin., a J, 23, 24, 307; Chin, 
mistrust, 176; id, complain of, 35, 124; call Chin. "Sangleys," J3, aao; slaves 
of, flee to China, 3a, 27. 

With Japanese -in Jap. ports, 14, 220, 23 x; petition ruler, 18, 69; bring suit 
in courts of, 23, 55; Port, ships embargoed, 93, 94; hostilities, 24, X72, 29, 33; 
intermarriage, 27, 327, a8, 36; expulsion from Japan, 19, 57, 27, X7, 327, 3^. 
X40, 35, za, XX4. 

With others -Caf re smith flees to, 4, 223; king of Bintan hostile to, aa9; com- 
pelled to serve king of Champa, 10, 237; enslaved by him, 238, 239; become 
noblemen in Camboja, 239; hostilities with Cam., 15, 244, 31, >75; hostilities with 
Siamese, 15, 78, 79, 245, 31, 15a; acts as ambassador for Siam, 4a, 2x6; Malays 
kill, 15, 277; control Arracan, 32X; hostilities with Mogols, x8, 205; id. with 
Mahrattas (X739), aos; exact trib. in India, ^a, 305; Malabars attack, 39, 24; 
in Kalikot, 33, 332; hostile to Turks and Arabs, 34, X53. See also above Dis- 
covery, etc 

Relations noith EuroPians^-^ 

With Spanish - hostile to and jealous of, and hostilities, i, 30-33, 9X, 268, 3x7, 
337, 31, 13, ««, ao, 2X, 33, 35, 36, 47, 7X, 86, 96, xx7. X23, X26, X43, X48, X51, X54, 
X85, 208, 2x5, 229, 237, 239, 244-329, 3, i5-»9, a9-3i, 34, 38. 4«, 43, 4^9, 7©^ 7X, 
X09, X13-XX8, X4a. x66, X67, x82, 4, 70, 226, 6, 26, X44, X99, 262, 306, 7, 73, 74, 
201, 230, 8, 14, X77, 183, 270, 9, 42, 43, «66, 10, 26, 234, 268, IJ, 29, 14, X9, 
45, 220, 238, 15, 162, X63, x66, X67, X70-X72, X76, 180, i8x, X83, 18, 59, 19, 
197, 202, 24a, JJ, X37, x88, ax8, J3, 14, «54f ««7, 188, 198, ^4, "t 14, as, 1x7, 
«3i, 3", 3i9-3ai, 31, "8, X3X, X32, 33, 3«, 34, xa, 15, 18, X9, 2X, 30. X43, 
2x0, 2x8, 22X, 23X, a3a, a38, 390» 38, 15, >9, x8o-x8a, X96, 47, 69; attempt to in- 



Posts] 



INDEX 7SS 



fiuence Chin, tgaintt, 3, 182, 6, 199, J5, 14; fear Span^ 6, 243, 7, 218; Span, 
fear, 34, 15, 231, 232; spread evil report! of Span., 7, 216, 217; desert Span., 
IJ, 77; usurp Span, possessions, 15, 176, 177; brings suit against Span., 37, 360; 
allow Span, to occupy Moluccas, i, 149; friendship, alliance, and aid betw., a, 
a^S* 3, 7a, 4> 66, 6, 22, 63, 200, 9, 308, IJ, 30. S'. SS'SS. 178, X5, »86, 313, 16, 
244, 254, 17, 260^ 274, 18, 117, 19, 208, 209, JO, 30^ 31, 60, JJ, 119, «34. «37i 
187, x88, J3, 1x2-114, J4, 220. J5, "9, lao, 37, 49, 99, X02, XX7, 39, 263, 30, 
41, 31, X53, 34, 177; peace with, desirable, a, 94, 95; ransom Span, captives, 1x7; 
Span, rescue, captives from Siamese, 15, 2x, 245, 246; offer aid to Legazpi, 3, 
246, 253, 269, 270, 286, 30X, 302, 3x4; peace with, ordered, 3, 189; Span, must 
aid, 8, X92, X93, 16, 229; officials shall sail on Span, vessels in determining Line 
of Demarc, i, X4X; claims rdg. Line of D., 3, X25; settled in Span, demarc, 4, 
62; obstruct negotiations at junta of Badajoz, x, 192; their maps, X95, X96, X98; 
falsify sailing directions, X95; conform to Ptolemy, 2x0; Span, dispute with, 2xx, 
2x2, 3t 122, X23; their deputies at Badajoz, i, 2x4; see also Badajoz; and De- 
marcation, Line of. Span, in service of, I, 188; prohibited from sailing in 
Magalhaes's fleet, x, 260, 261; in Span, service, 2x6, 237, 260, 261, 299, 3, 287, 
3, 53, "o» a«5, 6, 63, 9, 308, 16, 50, 17, 278, 33, m, 112, 33, 278; Magalhies's 
men taken for, i, 269; claim to be Span., 41, 277; send Span, home, 3, 35, 43, 
47; Legazpi sends, to N. Espana, 3, 17, no; Span, desert to, 49, 50; Legazpi's 
attitude toward, 53; prohibited from going to Phil., 2x5; Sande issues instruc- 
tions rdg., 4, X90; in Moluccas, submit to Span, authority, 5, 249; vassals of 
Spain, 8, X9X, X92, 9, 45, JJ, X76, J4, X72; return Span, property, 6, 308; send 
envoy to Manila, 34, X72; envoy from Manila to, of Macao, 4 J, X7, X95; defraud 
PhiL treas. and citizens, J5, XX4, X26, 132, X38, X39. See also Span.; and above. 
Trade. 

With Dutch - hostilities, I, 32, il, 150, X5X, X67, X93, 251, 14, xxs, 1x7, X75, 
15, 300, 307-313, 3«7, 3aa, 3*3, 3*7, $^9f 16, 49, 52, 6o^ 282, 301, 17,' »x, 
123, 252-259, 267-272, 289, 18, 220. 22X, 223, 19, 59, 60, 207, 208, ao, 31, 
32, 34, 149, JJ, 23, 97, XX9, 184, X87, x88, X96, 305, J3, 90, 91, a6, 279, J7, 98, 
39, 9, 24, 263, 31, 247, 35, 130, i5», «57, x8x, 4J, X74; fear Dutch, 17, 260; at 
peace with, 35, 129; commercial rivals, 36, 72; see also Dutch; and above Trade. 

With English - warned of Candish, 7, 54; visit him, 8x ; aided by Bng., 16, 30X ; 
in Eng. service, 308, 38, 268; hostilities, 15, 309, 30, 29, 34, 394; /// alio Brit 

With French - dispute with, rdg. spiritual jurisd., 43, X36. 

Miscellaneous: in wreck, 4, 225, I3, 41; act as witnesses, 8, 176; carry arms 
out of Phil., 10, 91; slavery among, 17, 254; coins, 19, 311; those of India have 
little mil. training, 33, 195; maps, 35, 57, 34, 212; become pirates, 39, 24; 
artillery of, captured from Joloans, 136, 137; publish wrong reckoning, 33, 25X; 
execute Lorosa, 365; their calendar observed in Orient, 38, 62; their hist of 
Indies, cited, 40, 307. 

See also Portugal. 
Posada, Vicente (Phil, deputy to Span. Cortes) : ex-magistrate of Manila Aud., 51, 
291 ; refused seat in Cortes, 291 ; presents credentials, 291 ; his election contested, 
291, 292; approved, 292; condemned by Fernando VI, 292. 
Posts and mails: early, in Indies, 53, 327; overland route from Orient to Europe, 
6, 225, 16, 206, 30, 214; to Spain via Mex., 9, 193, 198, I3, 142, 30, 46, 147, 
150, 2x3, 214, 217; from Orient to Spain requires three years, 43, 192, 47, 249; 
monthly betw. Manila and Hongkong, 17, 305: conducted by ships (roy. and 
trading), 3, 58, 59, 3, 231, 249, 272, 30, 82, 44, 241; complaints rdg. service, 6, 



756 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [PoStS 

Poan AND Mails (coadnued) — 

314; service hindered by com. restrictions, 30, 73; coun. needed in Phil., by whom 
all roy. mail should be rec'd, 44, 175, 179; better method of communication needed, 
46, 74; direct mail for Phil, petitioned (iSaz), 51, 289; route establ. in Phil., 55, 
59; service reorganized (1838), 69; establ., expensive, 215; director of PhiL, in- 
subordinate to official in Spain, 5 J, 73 ; ale-may. manage, 8z ; mail captured, 4, 
'5) 49) 14- Letters and despatches - of authorization, I, 1x5, 322, 272-275, 343; 
instructions to Magalhaes rdg., 257; how carried, J, 58, 3, 29, 231, 249, 272, 
left by Span, on strange shores, J, 66, 72, Z04, 33, 75; sent in duplicate, J, 332, 

3, 349, 5, 23, 7, 5», 8, »36, 237, 239, 240, 9i S^, H*. 263, lo, 25, JO, 127; Chin, 
described (see also Passports -chapas), 3, 103, 104; Chin, transl. into Span., 

4, 48; diplomatic, written from China, 48, 91; written to China, la, 157, 158; 
brought by Juan de la Isla, 3, 151; roy. opened at Panay, 152; opened or detained 
by authorities, 39, 223, 232, 267; forwarded to Spain, 3, 218; doc. enclosed with, 

8, 242; synopsized by gov. clerks, 254, 259, 281; copies of, sent to Spain, 257, 

9, Z98; Jap. letters-patent, 25; serve as passports, 31; ambassadors carry, 86, 
Z97; carried by Villafane, 10, 53; roy. borne in procession, 19, 65; orders sent 
in sealed, 38, 159, z6a 

Potely (Joloan princess) : her crown usurped by her brother, 46, 46. 
Potocin (vill. in Panay): location, 34, 305; assigned in encom., 305. 
PMoI (Pot61, vill. in Panay): location, XJ, 266; now Ihahay, J3, 295; status, 17, 

2zz; Span, reduce, 9, 8z, 84; heathen offerings made at, IJ, 266; miss, labors 

in, 17, 2ZZ, 33, 256, 295. 
Potosi (Bolivia): silver mines in, 14, 306; its output, 306, 37, Z72; great decrease 

in its product, Z53, Z54; trade with Brazil, forbidden, XJ, 60. 
Pototan (vill. in Panay): location, J3, 293; united with Baong, 293; pop. (2893), 

293 ; Aug. in, 293, J4, 39. 
Pouchenti: Chin, prov., xj, Z04. 

Powder: black, used in tattooing, 40, 64. See also Mil. 
Pqya y Guevara, Francisco de (ale. and regidor) : attends cab. meeting, 8, Z79; 

signs authorization, Z79. 
Poyatos, Hernando Munoz. See Munoz Poyatos. 
Poza, Francisco de: deputy of Miser icordia, 47, 26. 
Pozo y Gatica, Diego del (Span, capt.) : excommunicated, 39t 185. 
Pozo y Gatica, Juan del: royal accountant, 39* >9i» 204. 
Prabantul, Nancaparan: 19 Z9$. See AnacaporaiL 
Prada, — (alc-may.) : establ. in Mindoro, 39, Z9Z. 
Prada, Andres de (sec'y of Coun. of Ind.) : signs doc., 14, Z79. 
Prada, Andres de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 92. 
Prado, Diego (Basilio-his rel. name, O. of St. Basil): artillery founder, 19, 205; 

allowed to go to Spain, 205 ; becomes friar, 205 ; explores shore of N. Guinea, 19, 

288. 
Prado, Capt Estevan de: attends coun., IJ, 3Z. 

Prado, Juan (member of Span. Coun.) : his opinion rdg. alms for Jes., J5, Z02. 
Prado, Juan de, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 148. 
Prado, Juan de, O.S.F.: conmiissary-gen. in Mex., 35, 3Z5. 
Prado, Pedro de, S.J.: life, labors, and letter, J J, 23, 295-299, J5, 224. 
Prado, Ramon de, S.J.: life and labors, XJ, Z95, 226, 234, I3f 103. 
Prado, Raymundo (Raimundo) de, S.J.: life and labors, 10, 28t, IJ, Z99, 223, j8, 

Z25. 



Presents] INDEX 757 

Prado Alegre, Mmrqu^ de: 48, 303. See Viana. 

Prado de Quir68, Francisco (8arg.-may.) : instructions to, 37, 271, 38, 159. 

Pratt (Amer. consul-gen.) : talks with Aguinaldo, 5J, 199. 

Prauncar (Phra-Unkar) Langara (king of Cambodia) : conquered by Siamese, and 
his throne usurped, seeks aid of Span., 9, 76, S6, i6z-i8o, 197-199, 10, 44, 15, 
78, 79, 16, 264, 31, 89; friendly to Chris, religion, 9, i6z, 165, Z70, Z72; Span, 
exped. to reinstate, 15, 8z-88, 16, 264; death, in Laos, 10, 226, 228, 15, 136, 278, 
16, 268. 

Prauncar [Anacaparan, q.v,] (brother of Langara): usurps throne, 16, 265; Span., 
to forestall his treachery against them, kill him, 15, 139-Z42, 147, 15Z, 16, 265- 
267, 31, 150^ 

Prauncar (son of Langara) : succeeds his father, by aid of Span., 10, 228, 15, 87, 
88, 144-Z50, Z56, 183-Z86, 16, 267, 268, 3I9 150; asks that Span, and rel. be sent 
to his court, lO, 228, 15, Z83, 16, 268; relations with Span, adventurers, 15, 151- 
Z59, 182-Z90; slain by Malays, z9o» 277; other mention, 15, Z36, Z37, Z52, Z57-Z59. 

[Prauncar] (brother of Langara) : held as a hostage in Siam, becomes king of Cam- 
boja, 15, 278, 279; asks Acuna to send Span, and rel. to his court, 279, 280. 

Presentacion, Juan de la (Rec., vicar-gen.) : letter to, 41, Z89-193. 

Presents (gifts) — 

In gentral: significance of, among Chin., 4, 50; Chin, desire, 62; Chin, give, 
liberally, 6, Z23, 3I» 340, 50, 167; natives won by, 4, 105, 14, 318; among Fil., 
7, 181; chiefs give, 13, zzo; not given by Borneans, 4, 224; ambassadors carry, 
9, Z5, 18, 22, 273, 19, 6z, J4, Z71, 243, 37, 126, 3a, x86; annual cost, 19, 295, 
J7, Z26, 133; penitents give, Ji, Z95; sponsors give, 31, 27; mark of esteem, 3a, 
38; exped. aided by, i, 136; given to seal and maintain peace and friendship, 
I, 267, 9, 53, Z42, 17, 3x9, 19, Z79, 34, 259, 26Z (see also Blood friendship); 
bribery by, 6, 91, Z30. 17, Z15, 18, 220, 3Z2, 37, 3«, 38, zoa, 40, 4Z, 43, 73, 44, 
Z46, 50, 92; injury removed by, 10, 54; for illicit purposes, 11, 198, 199; of Chin, 
goods, forbidden, x, 62; officials may not receive, 5, 304, 3Z4, 3Z8, 6, 36-38, 40, 
123 (Chin.), 50, 195, Z96, 229; Omocon steals, 4, 62; to Chin, ruler, advised, 8, 
304; Pel. II asked to pay for, for China, 9, 206; should be sent to China, 207; 
Jap. desire from Span., 9, 53; should be refused to Faranda, 54; Span, desire to 
send to Japan, 130^ Z35; annual, exchanged with Japan, J7, IZ3, 126; few, given 
to Manila hosp., 9, 90; bequeathed to convents, 10, 76; at marriage, la, 294, 
295 (see also Fil.: marriage); promised to king of Siam, 15, 80, 8z; Magalhaes 
refuses, 33, zzs; advisable to give to Ruma Bechara, 43, 170; Sto. Tomis coll. 
allowed to receive, 45, 321 ; regulations for, 53, 220. 

Anicles given as: i, 258, 4, 224, 6, 203, 7, 96, 97, 9, 28, 46, 47, 53, 54, 76, 165, 
Z97, 204, 13, 156, 15, 58, 34, 104, 34, 59, 38, 43, 49, «a7; given (givers, takers, 
etc.), I, 50, 64, 238, 332, 333, 335, J, 92, 95, Z36, Z40, z86, Z92, 205, 227, 3, 183, 
247, 249, 277, 4, 9, 46 [1./., 47], 48, 6z, 62, 222, 241, 245, 250, 293, 6. 72, 91, 
ZZ7, zz8, Z22, 203, 7, 96, 97, 99, 218, 8, z8, 266, 267, 9, 12, Z3, 23, 24, 36-38, 43, 
45, 48, 49, 76, 77, "3, 'H, "5, i^x, x63, '65, 166, 197, 203, 204, 206, lO, z66, Z71, 
Z72, II, Z3, I2Z, 13, 78, Z28, z6o, 219, 222, 13, 131, 143, 158, 159, a", 14, 263, 
^93, 3", 15, 58, 68, 8i, zz8, Z20, Z27, Z28, Z59, 244, 249, 251, 252, 257-259, 280, 
16, 48, 255, 263, 275, 278, 280, 303, 18, 51, 72, 73, 76, 3Z7, 19. 55, 88, 30, 59, 
Z07, 259, Ja, 97, H7-Z20, 141, 143, Z44, Z99, 20Z, J3, 5a, 54, 9», 14a, '45, '49, 
154, Z74, 237, 239, 277, 333. J7, 43. 1Z3, ZI4, Z26, 297, 3Z3, J8, 252, 306, 39, zo, 
28, 102, Z04, 134, 194, 254, 30, 13. 44» H3, 144, *ao, 232, 277, 31, 60, Z15, Z22, 
136, 176, 255, 3a, 72, Z58, 199, 227, 3Z, 55, 59, Z03, Z09, ZZ3, ZZ5, Z2I, 123, 147, 



758 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [PrCSCntS 

Presentb (ooDtinued) — 

163, X65, ai3, 215, ai9, ass, «5S, Soa, SS3. S^«, 34, »5, 4S, 53, 55, ««. ««5, x8^ 
a62, a63, a96, 35, 100, 106, 36, aSs, 37, »90, 38, 70, »^S, 39, »5, »^» 5^, 6«, 4^ 
X84, ax6, 43, i6o, 44, 15a, X9«, 46, 5«, 4®, "«, X3»-«S4, 49, a^^, 50, 27. See 
also Alms. 

Preserves. See Provisions. 

Presidios. See Mil 

PucEa — 

In general', of various places, compared, 3, ^69, 6, 379, aSo, a86, x8, X76-X79, 
a94, 3<H, 19, la, 14, 3^, 9^, 9^, 307-309, 3", 3i3, «3, »3«, ^7, aox, 30, 67, 77, 78, 
34, 234, 44, a56, 48, sas; in Orient, 19, 303-3>9; in PWI-, 3, 269, 6, 50-53, X50, 
51, 347; in Pampanga, 49, a6a; in Ilocos, 50, 197; in Pangasinan, X97; in Caga- 
yan, X97; in Visayas, X97, X98; in various is., 197, 198; in J0I6, 43, 170; in Bor- 
neo, 4, X9a, aa4, aas, 33, 225, 227; in Macao, 19, sxa; in China, 3x4, 3x5, 48, 
320, 51, 254; in Mex., 3J, 278; controlled by Chin., 15, 173; id. by Port., J4, 
X50, J5, XX 3, 1x9, X22, X27; f</., by merchants of Seville and Cadiz, 4a, 235; id^hy 
ordinances, 36, 30X ; expedient for controlling, of cloves, 4a, 125 ; fixed by mutual 
agreement, J, X35; Chin, endeavor to fix for Phil, trade, 3, 245; to be fixed by 
Aud., 5, x8; arbitrarily fixed by officials, 190, 2X9-aax, 237, 288, 289, 7, 75, xo, 
20, 16, X58, X59, x82, JJ, 247, as, xx9, X20^ X4X, 36, 30X, 302, 44, X3X, X33, 47, 
X52, 50, 23X, 232; fixed by schoolboard, 46, a55; should be regulated, 6, x68; 
not fixed, for provisions, xo, 8x; fixed, disregarded, 85; Port trader makes his 
own, x6, 225; Port refuae to sell by pancada, as, X19; ratio of, to abundance ol 
precious metals, a7, X53, x6x; aflfected by sale of confiscated contraband, x6a; id^ 
by changes of fashion, 44, 289 ; iW., by monopoly of trade, 4Si 68 ; id.^ by produc- 
tion in Mex., 72; i^/., by Dutch monopoly, 7a, 8x, 87; fV., by absence of trading- 
fleets or gall., 80, 8x, 86; 11/., by limited sales, 86; ti/., by supply of silver, 48, 
>35, 239; <^M by cost of navigation, 326; fV., by costs of mil. forces, 326; fV., by 
operations of Span, co., 337; at Manila fraudulently stated at Acapulco, 44, 250, 
251; bid for monopolies, so, xio, xxx; posted, X97; food tariffs, 229; agric. gov. 
by, SI, 244- 

Fluctuating, i, 54, 6, a72, 7, 229, xs, 3«7, 45, 67; low, 3, ^70, S, a«o, 2x7, 
241, 6, »9, '50, x8i, ao2, 205, 280, 302, 7, 228, 9, 252, 26X, 275, 16, 105, X47- 
149, 19, 2x4, aa, 94, 282, 285, ^is, 60, X2X, a6, 277, a9, 269, 4a, 3x2, 45, 79, 50, 
147, SI, 247. 254; moderate, 3, ^99, 16, 143, i44» 164, X65, X84, a4, X71, l^s, 
135, 31, "5, 47, 256; natives must sell at nominal, s, ax9-22x; juat, must be paid, 
SO, 195; current, must be paid, X99, 206, 231; high and excessive, 3, 207, 6, 51, 
53, 8, 80, 8x, 85, 86, 9x, 92, 182, 9, 70, 90, 10, 8x, X75. 302, 304, la, 69. X4, 97, 
18, 242, 293, 294, ^^, 270, 271, a3, 30, 48, 23X, 232, a4, 292, ^is, XX2, 1x3, X22, 
X25, X36, 33, 278, 34, 447, 36, 206, 3S, 269, 39, 68, 43, 303, 4^, 34, 47, 18, »68. 
276, SI, 155, i9>, 244; cause of high, 6, 5X-53; excessive prohibited, SO, a29; 
project for cheapening, i, 27, is, 317, 45, 36, 4S, 3**, 3*3, 3*6, 327; lowered by 
competition, 6, 279, a^i lai* 122; of European goods, lowered by those of Chin., 
44, 251 ; lowered by French privateers, 47, 238 ; fV., by direct trade of Spain 
with Phil., 47, 268, 269; lower, not allowed to officials, so, 350; depressed by 
natural causes and business crises, s^, 304; of land, will advance, S^, 4*; no 
danger of increase, 8, X75; increase checked by product of Mex. industries, 4s, 
37; prices paid in money, 16, X85; account of, must be kept, a^^ X42, SO, 233; 
prices current, published in Span, and Eng. in Manila, 4s, 271 ; current, paid for 
provisions, SO, 206; current, paid for extra supplies, 23 x. 



Prices] INDEX 759 

Increated, 6, 50-53, 969, 7, 154, 8, 80, 9, 11, is, 10^ 10, 84-86, 109, 302, u, 
51, 60^ 64, 7«i 14. i7«. »6» 195. »95, 19. a6», ao, 924, aa, 98, a6a, as, 60, J7i 
aoa, 30, 7^ 35i 16, i94» «95, 4^, »5«i 44. »88, 45. 30. 5«. 49. »»7. 5i. »34; Chin, 
increase, 7, 75, 9, 3x6, 10, 8z, 149, 19a, 159, 16, 195, 24, 155, 44, 146; encom- 
enderof id., xo, 85; Port id^ aa, 98, a4, 287, as, 14, 130; Dutch id^ 4a, 125; 
by use of money, 8, azo, 211; by chmnge in character of pop., 6, 50-53; by specu- 
lation, 166, a7, 205; by illegal Peruvian trade in Phil., xa, 71; by competition, 
14, 232, IS, 3x7, 4S> 52; by Chin, revolt, 16, 295; by Brit invasion and war, 
49, 262, so, xxo, zx, X85; by monopoly of trade, ai, 90; by wilful destruction 
by burning, 4a, Z25, 47, 278; by fraudulent trading, 44, 249, 250; by restrictions 
on Manila trade, 288; by foreign demand, 299, 300; by dealings of petty dealers, 
48, Z84, Z85; by greater exportation to Europe, 320; by duties, 324, 325. 

EnumitaUd — 

Food, etc, increase in price, 6, 269, 16, Z95, 49, 227; not fixed for provisions, 
10, 8z; fixed for govt supplies, so, 23Z, 232; dear, 10, 304, X4, 97; moderate, 
16, Z44, 3i| 115; cheap, 16, Z48, Z49, 19, 264, a9, 69; current paid for, so, 206, 
23Z; food tariffs, Z97, 229; various prices, is, Z73, 19, 40, a3, 232, a8, 259, a9, 
69, 30, 44. 47. 50, Z97, 198. Balate (sea-slug), ax, 308, 40, 293. Beef, la, 33, 
^^t Z06, 43, Z87. Birds'-nests, ai, 307, 38, 43. Biscuits, 18, 304. Boars (wild), 
^^f 299. Buffaloes (carabaos), 6, Z5a Buyo, la, 302, 303, a9, 30Z. Chocolate, 
47, 219. Cocoanuts, s. 2>x> Coffee, s^. i53* Deer, 6, Z50, ^^^ 299. Fish, s. 
240, 7, 228, 10, 85, 307, 19, 3x4, 3Z5, ^^^ Z06. Flour and wheat, 18, 24, Z79, 
304. ^9, 314. 38, 48, 255, 48, 305. Fowls, 4, »»5. 5, »", 6, 5Z, 52, Z50, 9, 90, 
XO, 20k 85, Z49, Z50, 302, 306, IS, 5X. iS. S02, 19, 40. 314. «x. to, ^^, Z06, 2z8, 
34, 38Z, SO, Z97, 239. Garbanzos (chickpeas), x8, 304. Habas (beans), 304. 
Honey, ao, 299. Jars, x6, Z04, 105. Olives, 6, 51. Plantains (bananas), 38, 275. 
Rice, s. »". 2Z9-22Z, 6, 48, 5Z, 52, Z50, 8, 286, 10, Z49, Z50, la, 33, 282, 14, 258, 
16, Z64, Z65, 18, 26o> 19, 74. 3*4, 31. 60, a3. 36, a8, z8z, 35, 194. 37, 293, 294, 
39, 147, 40, 207, 41, 34, 43, a62, 47, "8, "9, 4*, 222, SO, 79, 80, 82. Palay, 

51, 85, 86, Z35. Saffron, 6, Z50W Salt, 39, i47, 4^, 258. Spices, i, 27, 3, 2K>7, 
6, Z50, 34> 179, 4a, Z25, 4S, 68, 72, 8x, 87, 47, »68, 269, 278. Cinnamon, 6, X50, 
34, 209, 48, 48, 6^. 73, «o, 8x, 85, 47, '7, «8, 268, 269, 27Z, 273, 276, 48, 284. 
Cloves, 6 Z50, II, Z09, 19, 29Z, 292, 304, a3, 30-3», ^7, 97, 34, 55, 39, 57, 4^, 
Z25, 4S, 48, 67. 74, 75, 47, a7«- Mace, 4S, 48, 47, a7«- Nutmeg, 4, 65, 6, Z50, 
45, 48, 47, a7i. Pepper, 4, 65, 6, Z50, is, 317, ^7, 94, 34, i79, 45, 48, 6^, 74, 
47, 27Z, 277. Sugar, 6, Z50, 19, 285, 309, 314, 3Z5, M, zo6, a9, 297, 36, 282, 
47, 27Z, 48, 279, 303, SI, 4i». «34f 153. ^7. 248, 53, 68. Swine, S, 2", 6, 51, 

52, Z5a Lard, 8, 8z; pork, 19, 3Z4. Vegetables, xo, 86. Tobacco^ 17, 334, 39, 
3a, 50, 53, 51. "8. Wine, 5, 21Z, 220. 6, 5Z, Z50, 205, XI, 108, la, 33, 19, 3Z2, 
313, 47. 153. 48, 277, so, sz. 

Architecture, etc., houses and bldgs., 6, 48, 49, z8z, 300, 7, 206, 17, 98, 19, 
286, ai, 155, a8, 303, a9, 198, 30, X37, 212, 2x5, 3a, X77, 37, a86; lime, 7, M9; 
bricks, 229, ^^, 247; lumber, 14, 258, ^^, 247, 51. X53; tile, ^^, 247. 

Ships and shipbldg., 4, 13, 74, 75, 6, 72, 295, 304, 7, 75, 87, 1x3, X65, 9, xx8, 
26x, 18, 294, 335, 19, 14, 32, 93, "7, "8, 264, ^z, 3X, 34, XX3, a7, Z32, 34, 398, 
37, 2x2, 288, 38, 4X, Z56, 39, "8, 43, 310, 44, x»6, 46, 56, 47, ^35, 48, Z54, 
Z87, z88, 223; cordage and rigging, 6, 48, 203, 14, 256, 17, 48, 18, 136, 177, X78, 
304, 323; pitch, 6, 48, 49, 14, 256; hemp, 256; bonote, 257; canvas and sails, 257; 
ship supplies, 256-259, 276, 18, X75-179; construction of bridge, 48, X4X. 

Clothing and ornaments - Span, pays excessive, a3, 232; shoes, la, Z92, 35, 



760 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [PriccS 

Prices (oootinued) — 

X95; gala dress, JJ, 59; livery, 37, aSa; necklaces, 14, aSs; bracelets, 19, 311; 
bells, 314; headdresses, 315; diamonds, 39, 141, 44, 198; bezoars, 38, 5a; musk, 
19, 307, 308, 310, 3x4. 

Dishes, furniture, etc - porcelain dishes, 6, 150, 19, 3x4; tibors, 16, 104, X05; 
earthenware, 19, 309, 3x4; of average quality, J5, tax; gold cup, 31, 36; iron 
utensils, ffi, X9x; gilded beds, 19, 3x1. 

Board and lodging, 14, ixo, xxi, 17, 334, 46, 230; lands and rent, x8, 242, 
30, 137, 229, 39i 67. a86, 46, 60, 6x, 47, X75, X99, 20X, 202, 53, 4a, 43» 303. 

Fibers, textiles, etc. -abaci, x8, X77, j8, x8x, 43, 303; altar cloths, aj, 22x; 
buckram, 19, 308; canvas, 14, 257, x8, 178; cloth (mainly Chin.), 3> 270, 8, 
85, 86, 9X, 92, I J, 34, 19, 308, JO, 85, 30, 87, 40, X42; cotton, 15, 51. I9t 308, 
314, 3J, 220, 35, 15. »»!» 37i i99» ^«, 30, 67, 51, 153; cotton diread, 18, 178, 
I9i 308; of separating cotton fibers, 51, X3x; damasks, 6, 280, 286, 18, 304, 
^9i 305i 31O1 314; "elephant" cloths, 45, 83; embroidery, 19, 307; gorgoran, 305; 
grana, 3x3; jusi (husi), X3i X85; lampotes, j8, x8x; linens, I, 69, 6, 205, aj, 
X06, J3» 23X, J7, 20X, 30, 67; pina, 16, X79; sailcloth, u, 34; satin, 5, 238, 
6| a79i 19, 305; »ilk, 6, 279, 10, 84, 11, xxo, IJ, 60, 16, x82, 18, 325, 19, 305, 307, 
3x0, 3x4, 3x5, JJ, X70, X7X, 283, J5, 6a, J7, 202, 30, 77, 78, 44» »99» Soo, S». 
45, 79; raw silk, 11, xxo, x6, 182, 19, 305, 3x4, 44, 288, 50, 50; spun (twisted), 
19, 305» 3«4. 44» ^63; floss, 19, 307; unwoven, 3xx; taffetas, 6, 279, 286, 19, 
310, 3x4; thread, IJ, 34, 18, X78, as, xax; velvets, 19, 305, 306, 3x3; wools, 

44, 356. 

Oils - ajonjoli, 5, 2xx, 6, X50; cocoanut, 14, 257, 47, X54; fish, 14, 257; gala- 
gala (galagal), la, 34, 14, 257; [olive], 19, 3"- 

Metals and metallic substances - brass, 19, 3x0; borax, 47, 271; copper, 6, 
ao2, 14, 259, 19, 314. ^9, X36; gold, 4. 99, 6, 272, 18, 175, 19, 307, 3x0, a7, 
81, 37, 43, 44, 39, 57, ^8, 48, 3<H; iron and steel, 6, 48, X50, 206, 257, 18, 175, 
X76, 19. 3x5, 39, 57, 48, 285, 50, X07, X08; bolts, 18, X75; iron hoops, X79; 
nails, 6, 206, la, 33, 14, 257, 18, X75, 294, 19, 315; needles, la, 34; lead, 14, 
259, 18, X76, 177, 19, 308, 309; white lead, 308, 3x4; mercury (quicksilver), 6, 
68, 8, X7, 244, 17, 237, 19, 24X, 308, 314; saltpeter, 14, 256, 257; silver, 16, 
184, 48, 325; sulphur, 6, 202; tin, 14, 259; vermilion, 19, 3x4. 

Pertaining to com. -lading tickets (boletas), i, 64, 18, 292, 51, X5x; in trade 
and barter, a, X35, X87, 198, 33, 4X, 45, 47, ^25, 227, 263, 265, 34, 55- 

Ecclesiastical - church furnishings, 10, 249; altar cloth, 22, 22x; bulls for 
Holy Crusade, a8, XX4; monstrance, X17, X90, 36, 208; San Ignado coll., a8, 
203; erecting convent, 30, 137; crosses, 31, 56; Pariin church, 3a, X77; establ. 
Jes. in J0I6, 48, X65; scapulars, 50, 15X; friar captive, 51, 28. 

Military - flints and locks, 6, 202; balls (of all sizes), 206, 14, 258, 259; erect- 
ing fort, 6, 300; gunpowder, la, 33; arquebus fuses, 14, 257; expenses of 
presidio, 266; weapons, 18, X78, X79, 324, a^, 3«, ^7, 80, a8, 52, a9, X36, 137, 
34, 399, 446, 40, 14', 175, 17^! i^^l* church, a9, 58; unsuccessful Paragua exped., 
48, 165. 

Offices and posts, i, 64, 6, 256, 7, 86, XX4, X15, 14, x6o, 18, 26x. 22, 71, 23, 
39, 44, a4, 193, 312, a8, 86, a9, 83, 30, 233, 44, 21%; cost of embassies, 22, 263, 
a7, 14X, 47, 232; cost of residencia, 48, 256. 

Voyages, transportation, and freight, I, 65, 9, 88-90, 92, 14, 8x, 82, 95, 148, 
17, xo, IX, 29, 18, 304, 323, 19, X04, X06, 309, 310, a6, X23, a9, 27, 57, 3a, 165, 
36, 24X, 50, 79, 82, X97. 



Prizes] INDEX 761 

Slavea, 3, 203, 4, «7. «9a, »a4, 5, X45. »«5, 16, 113, 248, 19, »^ 39. 49, 4©, 
141, 175, 43, h8, 51, »6, 85, 86, 155; ransoms, 6, 193, 7, 176, 17, 116, M, aio, 
31, 127, 33, 44, 38. 68, 184, 40, 35«. 4i, i^, »97, 44, 73, 47, 60^ 147. 

Papers, books, etc. - examination of doc., 8, Z96; of first books printed in Phil., 
9, 71; Philippina, 16, 218, 4 J, 242, 53, 10; licenses, IJ, 148, 149, 17, 150, 238, 
19, <57, 35, 185, 186, 194; scholarship endowments, 17, 233; tuition, 46, Z51, 
236, 237; cedulas de inscripdon, 46, 188, 204; school certificates, 200, 201; 
textbooks, 255. 

Drugs, etc -drugs, 9, 90; medicines, 50, 80; benzoin, 47, 270, 271; camphor, 
19, 3«8, 47, 271; gamboge, 271; indigo, 40, 208, 47, 259, 271, 51, 134. «35, i53; 
lac, 47, 271; licorice, 19, 309, 3x5; myrrh, 47, 271; rhubarb, 19, 309, 3x5. 

Animals - boars, J J, 299; buffaloes, 6, X50; bulls, 38, 48; cattlefarm, a6, 296; 
civet cats, 16, X05; deer, 6, 150, J J, 299; horses, 18, XX3. 

Miscellaneous - islands, i, 29, 30, 224, 228, 238, 3» 207, 208, 5 J, 336; char- 
coal, 6, 49, 14, 253 ; paper, 6, 52, J3, 231 ; Chin, goods, 8, 80, 85, 86, 15. 172- 
175* 35> 60^ 48, 183, 311; for board in convents, 14, no; paid to traitor, 17, 
106; soap, 18, 304; China-wood, 19, 309, 315; ivory, 19, 3x2; calambuco wood, 
317; wax, aj, 299, 33, X62, j8, 182, 39, 57, 4^, 3x2, 50, 147, 5l, i53; playing- 
cards, 34, X92, 50, 219; cocoanut trees, j8, 256; wooden nose, ^9, 308; blind 
child, 30, X98; maintaining Alimudin at Manila, 48, 165; maintenance of labor- 
ers, 222; amount spent for burials, 243; marriage, 51, 97; sibucao (red wood), 
>53; cigar cases, 5 J, 3x4. See also Salaries. 

Priests. See Rel. persons. 

Prieto, Capt Bartolom^: takes part in campaign against insurgents, 4 J, 269, 27a 

Prieto, Cosme, S.J.: labors in Manados, 18, 222. 

Prieto, Pedro Gr^ [Garcia?] (deputy of conunittee) : official act by, 14, 189. 

Primo de Rivera, Fernando (gov. of Phil., 1880-83, 1897-98) : negotiates peace 
with insurgents, 5 J, 1x9; attitude toward Patemo, X54; praises friars, X65; 
promises reforms, 196; suspends periodical, 200; insurgents break promise to, 
257; resigns office, 1x9; term ends, 227; sketch, 17, 310, 3x2. 

Prince, — (Amer.) : imprisoned by Fil. (1820), 51, 42. 

Princes: in Fil. plays, I, 8x ; papal grants to, XX3; Span., 3, 273, 276, 277, 46^ 

93, "5, X54, 183, 223. 

Princesses: in Filipino plays, X, 8x. 

Principalia. See Fil.: Govt. 

Principalities: conceded to Portugal, I, 138. 

Principe (prov. in Luz6n) : its cap., 36, 189; tribes in, 48, 60; no. of schools in 
(1892), 46, lOI. 

Prisons: in public bldgs., 50, 261. See also Crimes; and Penalties. 

Prizes and rewards: instructions to Magalhaes rdg., I, 256, 257; object of 
giving, 3, 40; taken in war, 76, 77; sold, expect, 6, 237; ordered by king, 7, 149- 
151; conquistadors, sold., and officials merit, 9, X38, X39, 16, 72, 18, xx, 19, 
15; petitioned and promised, 9, X54, 155, 34, 165, 34, 3', 219, 407, 35, 231, 38, 
X48; how awarded, 9, 233, 234; needed for worthy, 10, xi8-x22; proposed for 
efficient officials, 149; urged for trade, 51, 241; urged, for excellence in agric, 
249, 250, 53, 43; id, in cotton industry, 51, 256; too few, 10, 218, J7, 43; de- 
serving defrauded of, 11, 276; unjustly claimed, 19, X3, xox; Salamanca unable 
to give, 34, 334, 335; withheld, 37> 183; system in army, useless, 51, X89; 
granted to sold., 4, 306, 307, 9, 268, 27, 345 (see also Mil); to Jap., 6, 309; 
to colonists, 7, X55, 39, X90; to Claveria, 17, 304; to officials, 18, 3x0, 37, X4X, 



762 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Prizes 

PUZBS AND RBWA108 (continued) — 

51, 2Zo; to informers, ay, 171; to Span^ 31, 99, no; to loyal chiefs, 41, 65; 
to pupils, 46, 93, 94, 117, ti8, 134, «54. «5^i «8»f i«3. «9«. »S^ »5o; to authors 
of Span, grammars, 46, 151; to Anda, 50, 34; to farmers, 51, 53; to Soc. Econ^ 
5 J, 3x3; to Phil, exhibitors at London, 330; granted, by Span, king, 6, 309; 
by Tello, IJ, 255; by ruler of Japan, J4, 997, 299; by Cambodians, 31, 99; 
by Bonifaz, 37, 41, 59, 6x; by Madrid and Manila expositions, 46, 363; by 
Anda, 49, x66, 167; by Basco, 50, 48; by Soc. Econ., 5 J, 3x0-3x2, 320-322; 
why given, for services, 3, 304. $0$, 7. «57. 9. «7» 18. aSSt »55, lO, X2x, 122, 
263, Ji, 97; for finding artillery, 4, 275; for deadi or capture, 6, xxa, 15, 102, 
J4, 297, ^5f 302, a6, 35. 36, 4X, 87, J7i a97i 355. «9, »30, 35. 194, 49, I49. 
225, 267, 29X, 299, 300; for literary merit in contest, iJ, 248; for disc, of PhiL- 
Mex. route, 15, 47; for disc, of mines, 18, X58; for tournfy-dance, ^7, 340; for 
betrayal of rel., 3 J, 2x8; for bribery, 38, X52, x6x; for best Span, grammar, 46, 
280; for marriage with Fil. (should be given), 50, X69; for cotton raising, 51, 
X3x; objects, etc., granted, encon^ should be granted, 6, 19, X64; encom., 9, 66, 
16, X75, 18, 277, 19, 273, JO, 66, X39, X7X, aj, 78, aSi 102, X03, X46, j6, X48- 
X50, 37, 284, j8, X82, J9, 72, 38, X64; ship, claimed by Morga, 11, 248; offices 
and apptmts., 15, 90, 18, X5, xso^ 29X, 19, 150, JO, X39, X4X, X42, x66, X71, j6, 
36, X48, J7, 44, 358, 359, 36, x6x, X62, 37, «50, 38, x86, 41, «», »94; titles, 17, 
304, 309; membership in mil. ord., 18, X33, jj, 77, 37, 276; share in cargo, 18, 
3x0, 3xx; passport to Spain, j6, 36; banner, J7, 284; exemption from trib., J9, 
206,. 51, 251; Span, women, J9, 258; vote in chapter, 4J, 294; professorship, 
45, 97, 98; fellowship, X73; samples, 46, xi8; medals, X32; books, 244; con- 
quered lands, 1(1, X98. 

Procession: at receiving of roy. seal, 9, X9a See also Ecc. 

Professions: mestizos attain prominence in, 46, 349; Fil. unsuccessful in, 349, 356. 
See also Fil.: soc. and econ. life. 

Property: of officials, attached, 4, XX2-XX4; of accursed heretic is recorded, 5, 26$, 
266-269; value of, in Indies depends on management, 269; may not be taken 
by constables from persons arrested, 303; of ecc. persons, immunity of, 4 J, 27, 
34, 37; mostrencos, defined, 77. See also Lands; and Legal: goods of deceased 
persons; and Rents. 

Prostitution: among Fil., 8, 8x, II, X99, 40, 248, 254; Brit, allow in Manila, 49, 
X75. See also Fil.: morals. 

Protestants: hostile to Cath., i, 35, 36, 50, 272; attitude toward baptism, i, 36; 
Hay disputes with, ii, X9x; Epis. bp. commends Cath. influence in Phil., j8, 363; 
co5perate with Independent Fil. Church, 45, 235; unified lang. in PhiL might 
open way for, 46, 69. 

Provinces: Phil, divided into, I, 53; subdivided into pueblos, 55; conceded to 
Port, X38; as reward, 9, 76; prov'l chiefs, 46, X39-X4X, x6o, 237-241, 245, 246, 
248-253, 259, 3x3. See also Phil.: govt 

Provisions and Suppubs — 

In general', found in, and abundant in various localities, i, 43, 3, 69, 9X, 269, 
297, *99, 4, "8, 3x0, 6. 197, 8, 88, 9, 3x0, 15, 47, 48, 98, 3x8, 16, 3X, xo8, xxo, 
XXX, XX3-XXS, JJ, X9X, J9, 275, 31, 272, 34, 224, 380, 389, 39X, 408, 37, 243, 47, 
xx8, X26; in Magalhaes's fleet, I, 285; on native boats, 3, 9x; of Fil., 3, 55, 56, 
X96, 20X, 202, 267, 268, 286, 36, 200, 38, 5X, 40, 65 (see also Fil.: soc and econ. 
life) ; scarcity, i, 263, 322, 3, 266, 6, 254, 259, 7, X44, 9, 20, 288, 10, X09, 14. 
293, 297, 15, 58, "3, 190, 243, 16, 42, 64, 285, 295, 17, 72, 19, 22X, J4, 70, 



Provisions] INDEX 763 

290, 31, i«9i 3a, laa, 13a, 188, 197, X98, 34» »i«f 38St 35i 109, 36, aa6, a6x, 
38, 901 i85t «98, a6a, 39» 55» «47i 4^. »«9f ^S^t »^». »^8i 3«o. 44» 66; causes 
for scarcity in Phil., 3, 55, 56; cut oflf from Cebd, 37, 46; lack of, causes rais- 
ing of blockade, 46; obtained by raids, 31, 1x5; removed and concealed, 70, 34» 
2x5; not sent to Legazpi, 3, 130; refused to Span., 34, 203; id, to rel., 35» 63, 
64, 4 J, 223; id, to Dutch, X47; petitioned, 3> 206, 9, 20, 34, 444; Salcedo sends 
for, 4, 25; Port, desire, 4, 222, 223; Span, seek in Manila, 6, xxa; sold, pawn 
weapons for, X78; sold, should be provided with, 298; Fil. deprived of, by exac- 
tions, 8, 294; di£BcuIt to secure, I5» xx2; Chin, insurgents seek for, J9, 236; 
distributed by ounces, 31, 84; rel. seek in mts., 35, 6a 

In trade, 3, 57, 9», 261, 6, 19, 26, 28, 73, xx3, 1x9, x68, 259, 260^ 270, 287, 
302, 3x1, 3x6, 7, 34, X38, X65, 22X, 8, 8x, 82, 90-92, 264, 284, 286, 9, 344, l«, 
191, 14, 302, 304, S05» 15, 47. »9«, 393, 3<H-3o6, 326, 16, 43, 59, 106, X28, 
MS, 257, 308, 17, X07, XX7, 18, 205, 240^ 19, 59, 6x, 70, XX9, Ji, 86, M, X27, 
X44, 170, 33, X08, J4, 171, 31, 1x5, 33, 27, 250, 34, 233, 298, 393, 399, 38, xo8, 
X2X, 40, 360, 44, 83, 47, X26; promised by Mor., 3. 97; children sold for, 4, 5X, 
37, 671 Sande wishes to buy in Borneo, 4, 155; duties on, should be abolished^ 
6, 163 ; free entry for, 7, X38, X48, 9, 17, 232, 16, x8x ; sale to Dutch forbidden, 
15, 304; rel. must pay for, 4a, 305, 306; Chin, produce, 7, X55; collected and 
stored, 3, 178, 6, 9^ 8, 289, 290^ 294, 9, 282, la, X54, 15, 230, 16, 34, 45, 237, 
297, 17, 25X, 18, 328, J9, 229, 34, 443, 35, 254, 26x, 270, 36, 243, 244, 38, xao, 
X23 ; furnished in various localities, 3, X78, 202, 262, 4, 49, 90, xox, 6, 7X, 97, 7, 
' x8o, 15, X96, 249, 16, 3X, X49, 18, 73, 254, 19, 95, 3^, 20X, 207, J3, 9^, «4, 
X40, 332, J9, 17, 168, X97, 20X, 31, 104, 34, 444, 35, X37, 154, '59, 272, 308, 36, 
X3X, 20X, 4J, 2x, 3x0, 3XX, 44, 28, 5 J, 303; Limahon secures by seizing chiefs, 
4, 37! ^^' treas. should furnish to roy. hosp., 6, x6o; Span, in Camboja must 
be supplied with, 9, X73; Fil. must furnish, 16, X64. 

Other mentions - captured, 9, 282, 14, 286, 15, 46, 2x2, 17, X03, xxx, xx2, Ji, 
X91, J9, 130, X32, X44, 235, 35, x6o, 26X, 36, 50, 239, 38, 90, X27; stowaways 
steal, 17, X33; lost in shipwreck, 4, 225; saved from wreck, J3, 95; destroyed, 
17, X03, 33, X67, 41, 290. Sacrificed, 3, 164, 7, X9X, IJ, 303, 16, X3X, ai, 208, 
J7, 26x, J9, 294, 30, 288, 293, 34, 319, 38, 2x7, 41, 7X, 43, 26x; as trib., 3, 
258, 259, 265; as present, 6, X22, jj, X43, 34, 61; as alms, 8, 248, 17, 74, 31, 27, 
54, 4 J, 269, 44, 42, xxo, 47, 2x5; instructions rdg., i, 258; act rdg., lO, 307- 
310; inventories of supplies, J, 90, 3, X32-X40; Span, forbidden to furnish to rel. 
without permission, 7, X72; how managed in Manila hosp., 8, 248; necessary for 
war, 296; a reason for conquest, lo, 42; abuses rdg., 13, 236; adulteration of, 
6, 5x, 52, 34, 296, 47, 274; should be guarded, 15, 220; guarded, J9, 240, 31, 
1 14; frauds by dealers in, punished, 16, 246; as part pay, 50, 238. See also 
Prices. 

Kinds iHumiratid-^ 

Balate (sea slug), 40, 293. 

Bark, 31, 42. 

Birds, I, 330, 16, 92, 33, 99, 4^, 3"; ^owls, I, 31^, 3*3, 33o, 3, 202, 268, 
6, 5X, 52, 7, 34, 15, 107, X", 16, 90, 18, 304, 322, 325, 30, 238, 33, X44, 
x68, X77, J7, 293, 294, j8, 62. 33, 4X, 2x9, 265, 36, 30X, 39, 27, 59, 6x, 40, 231, 
41, 50, 43, X64, 264; ducks, 7, 34, 15, xxx; turtle-doves, xxx. 

Brains, human, eaten by savages, 18, 332. 

Broth, 30, 283. 

Butter, made from cocoanuts, 33, X05; Dutch seize, 17, X38; forbidden to 



764 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Provisions 

Provisions and Supplies (oontinued) — 

patient, 38, 65; not used in Manila, 51, 77; enhanced in value, 5, 211; in 
trade, 7, 34, J9, 306. 
Cacao, abundance and excellence, 48, 305; used in making chocolate, 47, 273; 

in trade, 39» Sh 45, 7h 5©, 156, 51, X35, X54. a34; «• trib., 46, 43. 

Cachumba, 16, 97. 

Chocolate, prepared from cacao, 47, 2x9; ingredients and mfre., 273-27$, 48, 
309; used as beverage, 18, 83, JO, 198, J4, 91, 38, 51, 39, a«8, a97. 43, 155, 
X64, 47, 219, 264, 269, 51, X75; introduced into Phil^ JO, X98; extent of its use, 
45, 68; alms for, 47, 2x8, 2x9; rel. forbidden to drink, 2x8, 2x9; becomes cheap, 
2x9; use would be general, if cheap, 269; annual consumption, 276, 277; wages 
of makers, 274. 

Coffee, various kinds, 43, 224, 51, 130; of PhiU 43* 224, 48, 305; produced 
from wild plants, 51, X30; as beverage, 43, 164; in trade, 51, X53, 245. 

Conserves and preserves, i, 68, IJ, X9X, 15, 272, 293, 16, 87, 179, X84, 18, 
304, J7, 334, 31, 59, 38X, 47, 166, 

Curry, cocoanuts used in making, 47, 256. 

Egg8, 7, ^27, 10. 296, 308-3x0, IJ, X09, 14, 283, 286, ai, 209, J7, a6x, J3, 
«44, ^9, 303, 31, 46, X33, 3a, 40, 36, 301, 38, 25, 34, 40, 23X, 41, 50, 43, 164, 
264, 47, X67, 274; pigeon, 3, 207; of wild birds, 5, 167; lab6n, X67, J9, X98, 303, 
33f 133; turtle, X49. 

Fish, I, 330, 332, 3, X64, X91, X92, 268, 4, 67, 98, 7, 34, 9, 294, 10, 64, 85, 
307, 15, 212, 16, 80, 94, 96, 97, 19, 264, 296, JI, 20X, 242, J3, 3a, 39, X52, 268, 
30, X56, X67, 283, 294, 305, 306, 3x2, 31, 46, 59, «37, «7a, 230, 33, I2X, 203, 2x9, 
301, 35, 63, 36, 244, 37, a57i 38, 37, 62, 39, 103, 40, 64, X39, X45, X94, X95, 
41, 50, 43, 217, 43, 164, 264, 44, 48, 66^ 47, xxo, 51, 8x; not supplied to sold^ 
3, 202; needed by Ronquillo's forces, 9, 288; Buhayen deprived of, 10, 67; daily 
consumption in Manila, Ji, X28; birds eat, 33, 294; see also Fish. 

Flesh (meat; of mammals), 3, X64, 202, 4, 67, 5, 69, X33, X73, 6, 205, 287, 9, 
288, 3x0, ID, 20, 14, 57, 174, 16. 80, X08, X79, 17, 68, X38, 18, 43, 44, 76, 78, 
19, 296, ai, 6x, 202, 209, 287, 33, 3a, ^9, 66, 268, 30, X47, 258, 259, 294, 31, 
^5. 133, 33, 34, 6x, 2x4, 33, 139, X65, X67, 330, 34. 381, 36, 244, 262, 38, 43, 
59, 62, 40, 362, 42, 2x7, 43, 12$, 47, X67, 2x0, 324; salt, 15, 272, 16, X79, X83; 
bacon, 6, 50, 15, 305; beef, 10, 85, IJ, 33, x88, 14, 229, 15, 272, 16, 89, 18, 
303, Ja, X06, 34, 8x, a8, 62, 35, 154, 39, 7«, 85, 4©, 64, X95, 43, X64, X87, 264; 
dried, 19, 2x9; jerked, 264; buffaloes (carabaos), 10, 20, u, x88, 16, 80; 
deer (venison), 14, 29X, 16, 80, 90, 39, 47, 4©, 64, X39, 43, 264; game (see 
Game); goats, 33, 265; hams, 6, 50, 7, 35. 17, X12; lard, 6, 5X, la. 188, 39, 
97, 43, 169; mellizas (sausage), 40, 282; mutton, 43, 264; pork (hogs, swine), 
I, 68, 3, 60, 142, X65, X96, 202, 4, 68, 163, 6, 51, 52, 7, 35, ID, 306, 16, 80, 18, 
303, 304, 19, 314, aa, 106, J3, 186, 193, 34, 286, a8, 62, 29, 297, 33, "9, 3«7, 
34, 20, 232, 35, 154, 39, xio, 40, 64, X33, 139, 282, 41, 3*i, 43, 264 (see also 
Mahometans); salt pork, 7, 35, 16, X79, aa, xo6; sausages and chitterlings, 39, 
X02; tapa (dried beef), 47, 256, 257, 48, 303, 306; see also Mammals. 

Fodder, 16, 9X, J9, 28x; hay, 3, X63, 16, 9X, 19, 28X. 

Fruits, 16, 80, 40, 45, 64, 304; pickled, 40, 65; Chin., 16, X79; dates, a, 223, 
6, 150, 15, 303, 19, 3x6; peaches, 16, X79; see also Plants and trees. 

Ginger, 16, 97 (see also Spices). 

Grains and their products : grains in general - abundant, 6, X49 ; sold, harvest, 
10, 58; in trade, I, 68; no duty on, 6, 260; donated to govt., 45, X5x; seized by 



Provisions] INDEX 765 

Brit, 49, 229; eaten by natives, 3> 268, 14, 185. biscuits -how made, 15* xxz (of 
roots), 36, 263; dough of, used in chocolate, 47, 274; in ship supplies, a, 262, 
280^ 14, 57, 174, 17. 273, Ji, 185, 296, J3, 3a; in trade, 6, 150, 287, 7, 34, 8^ 
286, 10, 84, 15, 303; other mentions, 6, 205, 260, 7, 66, Ji, 144, ^7, 274, 352, 
30, 283, 35, 154, 38, 2$, 265 (rusks). B0R0N0~3> 55 (we below, Mijo). brbad- 
made from sago {q.v., below), I, 323, 3, 268, 34, 47; from rice, I, 330, 3, 286, 
4, 66, 80, 98, IJ, Z87, 16, 80, J J, 185, 39, 296, 35> 3S, 36» 200; from dates, a, 223 ; 
from trees, J3, 47 ; from casava root, 297 ; from cocoanuts, 323 ; used on ships, i, 
263, 3x6, 14, 95, J4, 86, 33, S7; Chin, bake and sell in Manila, 7, 227, J4, 296, 4 J, 
250; inspected, J4, 296; baked by contract in Manila, 324; none in Phil., 14, 91; 
plentiful in Phil., J9, 66; much consumed in Manila, 4 J, 250; pounded glass in, 
250; supplied to rel., a6, 28, 34, 233; food restricted to, as penance, 3i> 163, 3a, 24, 
215; in trade, 7, 34, J4, 205; consecrated, 34, 341 (see also Ecc.: hosts), corn- 
see below Maize, flour - made from sago, 4, 276, 284, 38, 63 ; wheaten, abundant, 
14, 299; adulterated, 6, 51, 52, J4, 296; requisitioned for Phil., a, 190; in trade, 3, 
276, 299, 6, 50-53, 205, 287, 304, 7, 34, 221, 227, 8, 81, 286, 10, 84, 212, IJ, 61, 
192, 13, 227, 15. 67, 203, 254, 303, 305, 16, 47, 179, 183, 18, 179, 229, 19, 232, 
J J, 3x2, J3, 52, J4, 2x5, 286, j6, 28x, J9, 306, 307; no duty on, 6, 260; rebate 
of import duties on, 5 J, 321; used in host, 6, 26x, JJ, 85, 87, J3, 27, 34* 436; 
other mentions, 7, 75, II, 156, 17, 1x5, as, a6, J6, 28, 45, 7«i 47» 167, 274. 
ifAiZB (com, guinea wheat, Indian com) -emblem of life, 48, 120; borona re- 
sembles, 3, 55; introduced into Phil., i, 42; found in S. Amer., 15, 291; pro- 
duced in Cagajran, 34, 383; insurgents steal, 36, 130; used as food, 38, 243, 
245, 43i 264; in trade, 299; as adulteration, 47, 274; tax paid in, 51, 84. ifUO 
(borona) - resembles maize, 3, 55; staple food, 55, 268. millet - produced in 
Phil., 5, 43, 55; other mentions, 3, 202, 268, 286, 33> 330f 340, 34> 2i5* moris- 
QUBTA - defined, J4, Z2i, J7, 81; the bread of Phil., 16, 80; see also below Rice. 
rice (morisqueta, palay) -chief wealth of Phil., 44, 290, 45, 44; where produced, 
J3, 245, 37, 93, 34, 382; why red in Panay, 5, 73; not enough produced in Phil, 
to supply demand, 34, 382; in demand in Asiatic countries, 48, 305; scarcity of, 
3, X52, 9, 64, 288, 290, ID, 73, 85, X09, XX4, II, 63, 108, 14, 287, 288, 15, 48, 
^3, 159, 260, 41, 34, 51, 85; scarcity exaggerated, 46, 33; captured and seized, 
3, 9h 287, 9i «88, 17, 1381 ««» ao5, 33, X53, 27, 270, 29, 231, 3^, 1581 34, 260, 
36, 130, 41, 304, 50, 34; burned and destroyed, 17, 103, aa, 19, 205, 208, 295, 
^5, I53» «7, a87, 39i 138, 41, ^89, 290; in trade, 3, 95, 4, ^98, 5, 210, 6, 140, 
8. 84, 88, 90, 289, ID, 75, 86, 94, 296, 14, 30*. 15, 205, 16, X02, 185, 18, 76, 
90, 19, 3»5» 3i7» ««, 193. «3, 95, »93. «4, 107, a8, 291, 29, 49, 151, 300, 310, 
33, 250, 33f i3», 153. 34, 15. »9, «i6, 318, 399, 36, 283, 37, loi, 39, 3», 62, 72, 86, 
i37f 43, 169, 46, 31, 47, 257, 50, 82, 154, 221, 51, 134; standard of value in 
early barter, 5, 210, 219-221; how meas., 210; used as currency, 51, 85; net 
profits on, 134; exempted from duties, 235; report on free exportation of, 5a, 
314, 319; seed sent to Sevilla, 316; as trib., 3, 24X, 253, 266, 268, 286, 290, 6, 
X9X, 7, 44, X70, 8, 290, 9, 59, ID, 64, 65, 99, II, xo8, la, 33, 14, 285, 290^ 
291, 293-297, 15, 5I1 16, 158, 18, 260, 19, X73, aa, 146, 217, 220, 223, 262, a8, 
87» 90, 93, »8i, 250, 33y 34©, 34, 2i5i 30i, 4^, 306, 43, I75, 47, "9, ao4, 5©, 
56, 51, iix; tax paid in, 28, 248, 51, 84, 85; furnished by repartimiento (assess- 
ment, bandala), 16, 164, 19, X38, a6, 120, 170, 238, 44, 133 (see also Fil.) ; 
given as alms and as an aid, 4, 82, 87, 6, 261, 319, 320, 7, 32, 33, 9, 106, 107, 
ID, 75, 250, II, 82, 257, 258, la, 33, 13, 69, 14, X99, 200, 258, 260, 262, 15, 
272, 280, JO, 58, J4, 165, 206, J5, 88, j8, 83, J9, 197, 30, 139, 3i, i73, 36, 



766 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Provisions 

PiOYDiONa AND SuFPUBS (oondoued) — 

lai, 124, 37, i3«i 41, aoo, 4^, a68. 43, SH5» 45, "8, 2$!, 257, 259, a6i, 269, 
47, i34f 136, i37» i39» 140^ 144. i45» iW, 167, aos, 209, 334, 226, 237, 5O9 
143, Z44; allowance for rel. excestive, 16, 154; distributed among officials, 14, 
258, 19, 173, Z74; annual apportionments, 47, 98, 100^ zos, izo, zii, 117-119, 
125-127; given as loan, 13, 5^, ^4, "S* 5^, 294; m present, 9, z6z, 13, X4X» 
156, 158, 17, 13^, 30, 277, 33, i47i a«3i 330i 3*, 265, 40, 207; obtained from 
convents, 49, Z15; as offering and sacrifice, by natives, 5, 133, 173, 7, 191, ai, 
209, 39, 284, 386, 33, 169, 40, 135, 43, 135, 337, 308, 44, 93. 47, 306; paym'ts 
(salaries, stipends, etc.) in, 3J, 87, 36, 305-309, 317-361, j8, 183, 40, 331, 46, 
51, 47, 301, 50, 79, 94. 199, ^3^, ^37; ransom paid in, 33, 335; a marriage 
symbol, 43, 397. Cleaned, ground and pounded, 10, 96, 16, 79, zz8, 35, 49. 

47, 338, 50, 173, 338, 51, 139; machines for cleaning and grinding, 139, 5 J, 
310, 311, 317; method of preparation, u, 315, 33, 303, 307, 34, 381, 35, 63, 38, 
51, 52, 353, 40, 64, 41, 44, 44, 57 -called morisqueta as commonly prepared; 
bread made from, or eaten as bread, i, 330^ 3, 386, 4, 98, 16, 80, 18, 303, 337, 

J3, 36, 39, 29^, 35, 38, 40, 139; wine made from, 5, "7, «33. ^5, 45; ««<* «• 
fodder, 16, 91; used as adulteration, 47, 374; sago {q.v,) a substitute for, 4, 
376, 385; various other mentions (mainly of use as food), a, Z41, 3, 55, 57, 71, 
91, 192, 30I, 202, 268, 4, 66, 80, 5, «37. >5i. 157, «59, »^5, «94. a»9, MO» 6, 46, 

48, 51, 52, 205, 7, 267, 8, 89, 269, 270^ 286, 289, 294. 9. 388-390, 394, 10, 63, 
64, 68, 115, 305, II, 154, ao4, l«, "87. «94, 13, 13a, «96, 14. 57. «74. a54. a55, 
360, 367, 300, 316, 15, 196, a", l<i, 34, 79, 164, 383, 308, 17, ^, 76* a73. I*. 
3a, 43, 44, 78, 96, 99, X", 143, 144, i74-«77, ^^i, 314, 19, 74, ^64, 377, 383-384, 
394-396, 30, 338, Ji, 141, 3J, 193, 303, 33, $6, 137, 168, X77, 34, 81, 131, 137, 
334, 35, 68, J7, 81, 93, «8, 63, loi, 349, 367, 396, 30, 166, 368, 394, 305, 31, 
87, 3a, 36, 40, 76, 93, 33, 115. «»9. xa«, ao3, s"9. 350, 34, ^33, 37*, 39°^ 35, 
83, 87, 110, 36, 333, 344, 363, 37, X44. a57, 38, 35, 34, 37, 48, 59, 68, 141, 
179, 198, 300, 39, 27, 59, 61, 66, 40, 64, 145, 195, 383, 363, 41, 79, 305, 4a, 317, 
305, 306, 43, 164, 357, 364, 44, 66, 45, 357, 378, 379, 47, 53, a55i ^96, 303, 
338, 49, 34, 330, 50, 83, 3Z3, 3x3, 344, 51, z68, 33a WHEAT- basis of Span, wts., 
47, 185-187; in demand in Asiatic countries, 48, 305; in trade, 3, 376, 399, 6, 
X50, 7, 331, 337, 13, X93, 16, X79, X83, 33, 38z, 383, a4, 3*4, a6, 388, 35, X37, 36, 
259; furnished to Brit, 49, 230; less used than rice, 19, 385; bread made from, 18, 
337; as alms, 36, 28; trib. paid in, 47, 1x9; see also above Flour. 

Grease, requisitioned for Phil., J, 193. 

Honey, produced in Phil., J, 73, 3, X69-X7X, 5, 67, 71, 6, X49, 7, 43, 15, 3«», 
19, 283, 283, JI, 226, 305, 3J, 299, 37, 93, 39, 297, 33, 187, 36, 20X, 38, 38, 
41, X59, 43, 369; in China, 6, 324; in Moluccas, 34, 69; Fil. gather, 29, 391; 
how gathered by Negritos, 48, 96, 97; made from palm trees (artificial), 4, 376, 
5, X69, 6, X5X, 19, 284, 39, 399, 34, 381, 38, 39, 5X, 40, X40; in trade, 4, 69, 
16, 184, 39, 74, 51, 82; as present, 15, 358; used as food, 16, 75, 40, 383, 48, 91. 

Jelly, made from ubi, 39, 298. 

Lactic foods, milk, 16, 90, 19, 283, 33, 159, 33, 107, 35, 288; cheese, a, 303, 

33, 159, ^4, 86, 37, 274. 352, a8, 62. 
Landan, 4, 276 (see below. Sago). 
Lice, eaten by barbarians, 33, 203. 
Manna, in trade, 37, 95. 

Molasses, made from sugarcane, 51, 227; liquors made from, 227. 
Nuts, diarrhoea induced by, 15, xo8; used in making chocolate, 47, 273; almonds, 



f 



Provisions] INDEX 767 

^ 34, 163, 40, 28a; chettDutiy 15, 108, iii; ooooanuts, 3« i9i» X9^ 5> 169, 13, 168, 

I5i X07, J4, 8a, 31, 85, 33i 99i 34» 381, 381 5i| 66, a65 (aee also Oils; Plants and 
^ trees; and Wines) -food obtained from ooooanut tree, 6, 151, 44, 75 (see also 

} Plants) ; walnuts, 15, izz. 

Oils, coooanut, J9, 298, 43, 264; olive, 10, 305, 29, ^8. 
Pickles, Fil. eat, 16, 97. 

Plants and herbs, used as food, 3, aoa, 6, za8, Ji, 242, 281, aa, Z43, 31, Z9i« 
34> 37S> 36, i79> x8o, 43, 264, 5i| 81 (see also Plants). 
PotUges, diet of rel, 29, 268. 
*^ Raisins, necessary for sold., a, 190; used in hosp., a6, 292, 47, 167; miss's use, 

30, 283; in trade, 3i 276, 6, 50, 16, 184, a9, 306, 44, 30Z. 
Reptiles, snakes, la, 258, 3I1 >39t 3^1 65, 51, 142; toads, 38, 65; turtles, 13, 

axi, 17, 130, ^9, 3<». 39i 80. 
Sago (landan; sagfau, sagu), nadye names lor, 48, 92; a nutritioui food, 4, 
- 276; low in scale of foods, 34, 155; used as substitute of rice and bread, i, 323, 

I 4, 276, 33, 360; produced in Phil., 34, 155; made from certain pahn trees, 4, 

V 276, 264, 33> 360, 34t X54t i55f 4I| i59> 49> SS; description and method of ob- 

^ taining and preparing, i, 323, 4> a84t a85> 34f 47i 38, 63, 272, 273 ; ordered pre- 

pared, 4, 276; use as food, i, 332, 3, a68, 4, a76, 277, 10, 53, 54, 38, 63, 65, 39i 
27t 4I1 235» 5I| >96; trib. paid in, 4, 286, 290; in trade, 16, 185. 
Starch, used as adulterant, 47, 274. 

Sugar, where found, 3, 2Z2, 4, zi8, a3, 2x3, a8, 320, a9, 297, 34t 408, 35, 302, 

36, 282, 283, 38, 48, 45, 3»7i 47. ^SSf 51, 136; scarce in India, 48, 303; Phil. 

•^ esteemed in Europe, 51, 129; made from palm sap, 4, 276, 6, Z51, 38, 29, 47, 

236; its mfre., refining, and development of industry, 35, 302, 51, I35-Z37> 23Z, 

247, 248, 5a, 67, Z13, Z41, 3x9, 322; yield, 68; adulterated, 44, Z46; used in mak- 

I ing chocolate, 47, 273; rock, 19, 285; white, 309; black, 309; rosado, 47, 167; 

' mill for grinding, 51, 129; in trade, 3, a45. 276, a99, 4, ^H, 7, 34. J»«». S, 81, 

I9» S", 315. ^7, 93. 35. X5X. 43. 169, 44. a6i, 45. 39. ^67, 47. ^57. 4*. SOS. 

50, 154, 51, 135, 152, 153, 245, 258; exportation prohibited,. 47, 258; boiling, 

^ used as defense, ao, zo, 33; public institutions supplied with, 47, 53, z66, Z67. 

Sweetmeats, material used for, a9, 297, 47, 256; given to hosp., 44, 74. 
% Syrup, made from palm sap, 4, 276, 38, $z. 

Tamalle, traded at Ladrones, a, 279. 
Tampo, Borneans sell, 4, 224. 
Tinapay (cake), described, Z3t 343' 

Vegetables, many in Phil., la, z88, 2x9, aSz, 16, 88, a8, 89, 98, zoz; cultivated, 

7, 227, 36, 201, 44, 54; Span, introduce, into Phil., 35, 302; do not seed, 16, 88; 

in trade, a4, 286; other mentions (as food), 19, 296, a9, 268, 34, 378, 40, 8z (see 

also Plants and trees) ; beans (habas), 3, 268, 16, 80, 18, z8o, ao, 28z, ai, Z4Z, 

^9, 297, 30, Z29, 44, 66, 47, 274 (used as adulterant), 51, 233; camotes, 16, 80, 

^9. 29S, 40, Z95; capers, 6, 50, 19, 3Z2, 31, Z62; corot, a9, 298; garbanzos 

(chick peas), la, 88, 18, z8o, 30, Z29, 47, z86; lentils, 6, 205, 18, z8o, 47, z86, 

274; peas, 274; pugaian, 29, 298; pumpkins, 15, 108, ziz, 22, 299, 38, 273, 39, 

98; guiliteSf 16, 80, 31, Z91 ; roots (see Plants and trees). 

Vinegar, how made in Phil., 3, 202, 4, 98, 5, Z69, la, Z89, 19, 283, a9, 299, 

^ 34, 381, 38, 29, 5z, 276, 33, 105, 323, 43, 205, 270, 47, 256; requisitioned for 

Phil., a, Z90, 3, Z38; in trade, 6, 50, 10, 296, 305; needed in Manila, ZZ4; Dutch 

well supplied with, 35, Z54; allotted to galley slaves, 47, zio. See also Plants 

t and trees; and Prices. 



768 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Ptolemy 

Ptolemy Auletes (Auleta; Ptolemy Neus DioDjnus, ruler ol Egypt, B. C 8o-si): 
his rev. from oriental com., 27, 89; sketch, 89. 

Puch, Francisco Javier, S.J.: life and labors, 49, 337, 340, 50, 9, 24, 2$, 178. 

Puche, Francisco Vicente, S.J.: teaches in Cebu, 13, 40. 

PudadgDon : Malayan evil spirit, 43, aao^ aai; etymology, aai. 

Puebla de los Angeles (city in N. Espana) : location, 14, xoi, Jl, X19, J9, 3x1; 
founded {ca, 1530), ai, 1x9; industries in, 1x9, J7, X99, 45, 36, 37; pop., J9, 3xx; 
ecc. persons and affairs in, Ji, xx9, 365, ja, 300^ j8, X3X, 30, 282, 37, xoa, 193. 

Pueblos: in Phil., defined, i, 38, ai, 299; subdivision of prov., I, 55; subdivided 
into barangays, 56 ; gov. by gobernadorcillo, 55 ; isolated by miss, system, 83 ; size, 
83. See also Villages. 

Puente, Diego de la, O.S.A.: sketch, 37, 232. 

Puente, Luis de la, S.J.: censor of Chirino's book, la, X76. 

Puerto de Caballos (vill. in Span. Amer.) : conquered by Alvarado, J, 53. 

Puerto-Galera (vill. in Mindoro), pop. (X878), a8, 316; Rec admin., 3x6. 

Puerto de la Navidad (Nabidad, Natividad, Mex.) : location, I, 99, a, X74, 22x, 3, 
X90^ 16, 200; port for W. voyages, a, 14, X5, 33, s^, 60, 80, 84, 88, xos, 104, 130^ 
174, 196, 297, 3, 62, 6, 89, 15, 45i 46, 16, 200, 33, X55, X77, 34, 197, a4«; de- 
scribed, 3, X90; wine-trade at, 18, 184; shipyard in, J3, X27; conspiracy at, J, 
144; Salcedo sights, 3f 129; Candish near and pillages, 7, 67, 16, 20a 

Puerto-Princessa (vill. in Calamianes Prov.) : status (X878), a8, 323 ; Rec. admioi, 32). 

Puerto de San Ignado (vill. in PhiL) : origin of name, 13, X22. 

Puertollano, Andrfs de, O.S.F.: lost in shipwreck, 35, 3x4, 3x5; sketch, 3x4, 3x3- 

Puga, Juan Manuel Maldonado de. See Maldonado de Puga. 

Puga, Vasco de: oidor of Mex. Aud., a, 297; compiles laws of Indies, 17, sy. 

Pugao (vill. in Luz6n) : location and status (X59X), 8, XX4. 

Pulido, Francisco Gomez. See Gomez Pulido. 

Pulinguri (vill. in Luz6n) : location, 14, 297. 

Pullocambi (port of Cochinchina) : location, 18, 2x4; miss, in, 2x4. 

Pulo (polo) : meaning^ 4, 207. 

Pulotimon (Siam [?]): Alcarazo's exped. to, ja, 235 

Puncan (Fran. miss, vill.): pop., 48, 67; vicariate, J8, 268. 

Pundaguitan (Chris, vill.): location, 43, X99; captives escape to^ X96. 

Punjaub: region of India, 3, 93. 

Puntal6n (vill. in Luz6n) : inhab. by Negritos, 37, X7X. 

Puntas, — , S.J.: labors at Sarangani, 43, 20a 

Punzalan Estrella, Doroteo: medal conferred on for en^eering enterprise, 5 J, 309. 

Puquil (vill. in Luz6n) : Rec. petition restoration to miss, of, 4r, 257. 

Purao (Purau, Purrao, dist and vill. in Ilocos) : pop. (X582), §, X07; status (X59X), 
f>t X05; now Balaoang, 23, 277; Span, reduce, 9, 83, 84; trib. from, 4^' xx2; Men- 
doza's exped. in, 14, 288, 289; natives in, 30, 3xx; miss's in, 8, X05, 17, X95, J3, 
^77. «4, 39. Sh 89, «4^ 37, X65, X78, 236, 237, 245, 38, 186; assigned to hosp. 
order, 47, 204. 

Purificacion, Antonio de la, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, X3a 

Purificacion, Juan de la (Rec.) : martyred, 36, X78. 

Purificadon, Silvestre de la (Rec) : miss*y in Phil., 41, 98. 

Purmassuri (Joloan woman) : used as decoy for slaughter of Span., 43, X77. 

Purrao Culit (encom. in Luz6n) : status (X59X), 8, X13. 

Purusgu (encom.) : assigned to Pedraza, 34, 308. 

Putnam, G. R. (in service of U. S. Coast and Geod. Survey) : cited, 34, 23a 



Quiafigan] INDEX 769 

Putnam, Herbert (Librarian of Congreas) : thanked, i, 15, 53, 54; letter to, 43. 

Pyrin (Cagayan chief): aids miss's, 48, 133; visits Manila, 136. 

P3rrard de Laval, Fraogoit: hit first trading voyage to Indies onaucoessful, 47, 238. 

See also Books. 
Pyris (vill. in Tayabas prov.) : in N. Cac^ret see, j8, 164. 
Pyru: IJ, 73. See Peru. 

QuADROS, RooBRioo: notary-public, 8, 95. 

Quakers: promote agric., 51, 271; members of society of, 5 J, 3za 

Quambaco (Quamboc, Quampcc, Quanpcc) : 8, 36a, 264, 9, 35. See Kuwambaku. 

Quanto (Quantu, prov. in Japan) : extent of coast, 17, 135; thickly settled, 14, 231; 
Span, trade requested for, 221, 15, 202, 16, 279; ships in, 14, 229, 16, 29, 47; 
wreck on coast of, 17, 135; Manila opens trade with, 15, 22, 251, 253, 256, 258; 
rel. asked for, and in, 14, 221, 228, 231, 15, 203, 204, 256; Chris, churches in, 
destroyed, 3a, 33. 

Quavit (dist of Mindanao) : identified, 3i 58 (see Ciuit). 

Quen, Juan Saenz de. See Saenz de Hegoen. 

Quenana (Quenenia, native of Malabar): envoy to Borneo, 4, 222, 224; remains in 
Borneo, 224. 

Quenta, Francisco: acts as witness, 4, 282. 

Quenta, Marcos: acts as witness, 4, 281. 

Quepindo: 33, 349. See Quipit 

Qudrat (Kudarat; hispanicized, Corralat), Dipatwan (most noted sultan of Min- 
danao) : 46, 45. See Corralat 

Querimara (Quarimara, near Borneo) : Dutch trade at, J7, 93. 

Quero, Diego, O.P.: sketch, 37, 66. 

Querol, Agustin (sculptor) : monument of Legazpi by, J3, 127. 

Queru: vill. in Timur, 34, 165. 

Quesada, Dr. — (oidor of Mex.) : death, 25, 309; his son, 19, 1x2, J5t 309. 

Quesada, Antonio de, O.S.A.: sketch, 37> 209. 

Quesada, Bartolome de (roy. notary) : official acts, 13, 286, 18, 149. 

Quesada (Casada, Cazada), Caspar de (capt in Magalhies fleet): app., i, 255; 
refuses to attend mass, 33, 305 ; stabs Elorriaga, 305, 306 ; conspires against Mag., 
and mutinies, i, 261, 262, 33, 67, 305, 306; holds the "S. Antonio," 306; con- 
demned, I, 262; executed, 263, 33, 304, 307; Mag.'s attitude toward, investigated, 
I, 266. 

Quesada, Gin6s de, O.S.F.: life and labors, 35, 120, 309. 

Quesada, Miguel de, O.S.A.: sketch, 37, 2x0. 

Quesada, Pedro de, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 148, 174, J9, 272, 37, 163. 

Quesada Figueroa, Capt Jacinto de: bears despatches to Spain, ao, 60. 

Quesada Hurtado (Vitado-mispr., 25, 135) de (y) Mendoza (Mendo^a), Dr. Juan 
de (fiscal of roy. Aud.) : arrives at Manila, 25, 309, 3x6; apptmt, aa, 290; claims 
to be protector of natives, 24, X89, X90; services and character, X9x; his successor, 
289; decree to, 25, X32, X35. 

Quesada Hurtado de Mendoza, Pedro de (sec. priest, canon; brother to Juan): ar- 
rives in Phil., 35, 316; apptmt, 26, 282; takes residencia of Vergara Gaviria, 19, 
112; Guerrero's attitude toward, 25, 227; visits G., 292; G. commends, 3x6; power 
of attorney given to, 294 ; signs petition, J4, 260 ; sketch, 25, 309. 

Quiangin (Quiangan, district and village in Luz6o) : Apayaos inhabit, 37, 
239; clay walls at, 5a, 323; comandancia, 43, 72; no. of schools (1892), 46, xoo. 



TJO THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Quiapo 

Quiapo (Huiapo, ditt and vill. in Luzdn): location and site, ^5, 230, 43, 36t; 
pop. (i6oa), 34> 433; amigned to crown, 5, 87; Chin, insurgents in, m, 143; 
Chin, burn, 13, a/S, 14, xax, 16, 33, 39, aaS, 251; bridge in, 46, 59; bells of, cast 
into cannon, 49, 293; benefice and curacy, 13, 278, J8, 129, 34, 432, 36, 91, 39, 
29Z, 4 J, x86; episcopal visit in, Ji, 33, 37; Bermudez consecrated in, 51, 309; Jes. 
estate in, and complaints by natives against them, IJ, X09, X20^ X2x, 14, 327, 17, 
16, 151, 152, 37, 307, J9, 183, 349 43a; "cc and Jes. wrangle over, J5t ^30, a4f 

43a. 
Quibaca (vill. in Mindanao): location and pop. (1579), 4, 283. 

Quibacat (Qutbicat, Negrito) : kills friar, 38, 239, 41, 26, 230^ 251. 

Quidomari (city in Japan) : Dom. church in, 31, 174. 

Quijada, Capt Pedro: arrives at Manila, 4a, 292. 

Quijano, Alonso, O.8.A. (prov'l) : life and labors, J4, 148, 37> >5, 26, 57, x$6, 2x4, 
216, 217, 236, 245. 

Quijano, Lioen. Antonio (ale-may.) : app. advocate in roy. Aud., 37, 44; exile com- 
mended to care of, 270. 

Quilantan (chief at Cebd) : acquainted in Mindanao, 4, 231 ; acts as interpreter, 254. 

Quimarano, Thomas de (sec. priest, treasurer ol ccc. cab.) : app. cantor, j6, 2S2. 

Quina: in trade, 45, 39. 

Quincay: 4, 56, 57. See Kingsz^. 

Quindinga (chief) : rules Basilan, 44, 62. 

Quingua (vill. in Luz6n) : status, 17, 192; pop. (1893), J3i 2^96, 297; vicariate, J8, 
268; its visitas, J9, 251, 4J, 193; Aug. in, 17, 192, J3, 296, 297, J8, 130, 165, 
37. xS6, 214, 2x9, 237, 4^» 19s. 

Quifiones, Albaro de (gov. of Guatemala) : roy. decree sent to, J5, X45-X47. 

Quinones, Capt Diego de (Span, officer) : in engagement with Dutch, 15, 330, 18, 
39, 19, 2x9, 220, 228, 230, 231, 233, 34, 86, 87, J7, X03 ; commandant of Visayas, 
19, 2x6; despatches exped. against Mor., 2x6, J4, X02-1C4; fortifies Oton, 86, 88; 
merits reward, 18, 49; claims post, 19, 227. 

Quinquin (rancheria in Mindanao) : Mor. inhabit, 43, 202. 

Quintalada: defined, ZZ* 362; amts. granted Magalhaes and crew, 362, 363. 

Quintan a, — : cited, I, 249. 

Quintana, Diego de, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, 86. 

Quintana, Joseph de la (roy. sec*y) : letter, cited, 47, x6o. 

Quintana, Juan de, O.S.A.: conspires against his provM, 18, 84-89. 

Quintano, Antonio^ O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 92. 

Quintanilla, Captain — : notary for Vargas's residencia, 39, X9a 

Quintanilla, Diego de: enoom. assigned to, 34, 306. 

Quintanilla, Gabriel (notary) : official act, 30, 229. 

Quintanilla, Miguel de (notary) : official act, 8, 195, X96. 

Quintela, Capt Fernando: envoy to Camboja, 37, 235. 

Quintero, Gregorio: drowned, 37, 259. 

Quintero, Manuel, O.S.A.: shipwrecked, 37, 259, 260. 

Quintero Nunes, Pedro: leaves property to Misericordia, 47, 73. 

Quintero Ramos, Gen. Marcos: friendly to Dom., 39, 179, 2x1; Pardo visits, X85; 
app. executor of Le6n, 4 a, x6o. 

Quinones (Quinones), Capt Juan de: signs mem'l, 6, 229; posts held by, Ja, X49, 

^4. 147. 
Quinones, Juan, O.S.A.: life and labors, 23, 288, 289. 

Quinones, Licen. Raymundo de: Mor. capture, 29, 200. 



Rada] INDEX 771 

Quifionef, Rodrigo de» O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 34, 123. 

Quioquiap: nom de plume, 5^1 X45- 

Quipayo (vill. in Luzdo) : status (1591), 8, lai; Fran, in, j8, 154, 168, 35, 384, 

SiSf 36, 217. 
Quipe: 33, 360. See Quipit 

Quipia (vilL in Luz6n) : location, 35, aSy; Fran, in, 287, 36, 3x7. 
Quipit (Capyam, Chipioo^ Chipit [9.V.], Cippit, Gibeth, Quepindo, Quipe, Quypc, 

fort and dist in N. W. Mindanao) : name applied to whole of Mindanao^ i, 328 ; 

location, 328, 33> 349i 359» 3^; small is. near, 11, 297; chart, 33, 230, 355; pop., 

^8, 97, 36, 61; products, 33, 349; Europeans at, I, 328, 33, 349, 35°; J«^ in, ^^ 

97. 36, 57. 
Quirante, Capt Alonso [same as following?]: posts and exped., 38, 145, 167, 203. 
Quirante, Capt Alonso Martin (Span, officer): in engagement with Dutch, 18, 90; 

exped. to Igorot country, JO, 2X, 22, 262-303, 306; commands ship, J J, 182; repts. 

by 18, 256, JO, 21, 22, 262-303, 306, JJ, 7a 
Quiravat (2^mbal chief) : hostile to Span., 43, 43 ; executed, 43. 
Quiroga, Bartolome, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 37, i<4* 
Quiroga, Gabriel de, O.P.: death, 31, 279; sketch, 279, 28a 
Quiroga, Gaspar de (abp. of Toledo): death, 31, 6z, 62; his importance, 6x, 62. 
Quiroga, Capt Jot6 de (Span, officer) : subdues N. Marianas, 38, 261, 262. 
Quiroga, Vasco de (bp. of Mechoacan) : cited, 4 J, 68. 
Quiroga y Moya, Licen. Pedro de (official visitor in Mex.) : takes vicerojr's residencia, 

j6, 288; commissioned to regulate Acapulco-Manila trade, 288, 289, 27, 61, 62; 

takes rigorous meas., 183, 39, 83, 30, 50-52, 63, 80, 85-88, 91, 92, 105-Z08, 35, 42, 

36, 50, 44, 297; official acts, J7, 185, 29, 71-73; at Acapulco, 189; death, 30, 50, 

87; letter, cited, 107. 
Quiroga de S. Antonio, Gabriel (Graviel) de, OJ'.: life and labors, 14, zo2, 109- 

«". 335. 336. 
Quir6s, Antonio Lopez de. See Lopez de Quir6s. 
Quir68, Antonio Sanchez de. See Sanchez de Quir6s. 
Quir6s, Francisco de: encom. assigned to, 34, 308. 
Quir6s, Francisco Prado (Pedro) de. See Prado de Quirds. 
Quir6s, Jos^ Cascos de. See Cascos de Quirds. 
Quires, Miguel: sec priest, 38, 193. 
Quires, Pedro Fernandez de. See Fernandez de Quiros. 
Quito (Peru): Audiencia of, 53, 15- 
Quixada, Juan, O.P.: death, 34, 274. 

Quixada, Luis (member of roy. coun.) : official acts, 3, 66, 34, 238, 239, 246, 248. 
Quoqui (Cocci), Angel, O.P. See San Antonio, Angel. 

Rabbira, Graviel da: j, 248, 249. See Ribera, Gabriel de. 

Rabelo, Christebal (Capt. of "Victoria") : slain by Cebuans, 33, 340. 

Rabelo, Hernando (Port priest [S.J.?]): cited, 17, 254. 

Rabelo, Licen. Manuel (sec. priest) : his acquirements and labors, 25, 312, 320. 

Rack (Rak) : 39, 74, 51, 228. See Wines: arrack. 

Rada (Errada, Herrada), Martin (Martin) de, O.S.A. (pioneer miss'y in Phil): 
native of Navarre, 4, 46 [i.^., 47]; accompanies Legazpi, 6, 46, la, 179; var- 
ious labors, etc., i, 34, a, 155, 161, 177, 3, 52, 206, 208, 218, 231, 253, 254, 6, 120, 
33, 180, 190; elected prov'l (1572), 208; preaches Legazpi's funeral sermon (1572), 
221, 222; his two voy. to China (1575, 1576), 4, 46 [f./., 47], 49, 6, 17, 85, 86, 



^^^ THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Rada 

Rada, Martin db (oootmued) — 

88-9Z, 1Z0-Z12, 116, laz, Z23, 124, 9i "3> I5t ^i> ^3> aoa, 336, 239; abandoned 
on islet in China, 4, 89; relieved by Manrique (i575)> 33i 226; aocompaniea 
Sande to Borneo (1578), 4, Z56; death (1578), 3i 5^1 i^i z8o; sketch, 3> 52; mathe- 
matician, geographer, and aatrologist, 3, 208, J3, 129, 188 ; characterized, 188 ; por- 
trait, 3i 13; signs and approves letters, j, 177, 4, 156; approves instructions, 181; 
his "opinion'* on trib., 3, 22, 23, 253-260^ 262, 269-27Z, 279, 315, 34, 24, 25, 289, 290; 
reply to it, 3, 23, 260-271, 279, 315; relations by, considered true, 167; relations 
(MSS.) by, cited, 9, 308, 313, 15, 40, J3, 239; composes books on navigation and 
measurement, 3, 208; transl. Chin, books, 6, 86; compiles lexicons and grammars, 
la, 179, 235, 33, 180; letters by, 3, ai8, 34i 34. ^Si 223-228, 286-294, 452; no 
papers of, in Phil., 4, 315; MSS. preserved, u, 180; chart by, 23, z88. 

Radiamura (correctly, probably Rajamura, chief in Mindanao) : his relations with 
Span., 44, 165, 46, 37, 40, 43; crowned king, 43; repels Dutch, 47, 263. 

RafBes: Soc Econ. propose to hold, 5 J, 313. 

Raffles, Sir Thomas Stamford (gov. of Java and Sumatra) : proposes exped. against 
Mor., 51, 37; eulogized, 91, 92. 

R^S^y (vill. in Luz6n) : Fran. miss, in, j8, 169. 

Rahayro (Bornean ruler) : becomes Span, vassal, 4, 2z8, 219. 

Raimundo (Chin.) : acts as agent for Cot-sen, 36, 230; intervenes betw. Span, and 
Chin., 233, 234. 

Raisins. See Provisions. 

Raji (raxa, raxi) : defined, 3, 92, 97. 

Rajd (Raja, Raxa, Rraxa, Tag. chief) : 3> X05, J3} 198-200, 202. See also Lacan- 
dola; Rajamatanda; Rajamora; and Soliman. 

Raji Soliman. See Soliman. 

Rajah Moodo: appellation of heir-apparent to Moro sultanate, 46, 46, 47. 

Rajal, Joaquin: ascends Mt. Apo, 43, 233. 

Rajamatanda (Tag. chief) : gov. Tondo, 15, 48; identified, 48. See also Lacandola; 
and Raji. 

Rajamora (Tag. chief): identified, I5i 48; gov. at Manila, 48, 16, 136; donate site 
to Legazpi, 15, 49. See also Soliman. 

Ramalho Ortigao, Jos6 Duarte (director of lib'y in Lisbon) : thanked, i, 17. 

Ramas, Tomas, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 35, 27. 

Rambla, Alf. Joan de la: wounded, 16, 54. 

Ramirez. See also Rramirez. 

Ramirez, Licen. Alonso (sec'y of Manila cab.) : official act, 18, Z93, Ji, 37, 38, 6z, 67. 

Ramirez, Diego: signs petition, J4, 260. 

Ramirez, Felipe (notary) : official act, 8, 79. 

Ramirez (Ramirez), Caspar (alf.-may.) : acts as witness, 3, 106; encom. assigned 

to, 34, 309. 
Ramirez, Capt. Joaquin: arrives in Manila, 37, 229; act by as notary, 4a, zzi. 
Ramirez (Ramirez), Juan, O.S.A.: life and labors, J4, 9Z, 25, 157, j8, 21-40, J9, 

19, 233. 264, 272, 276. 
Ramirez, Pedro, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, 24, 92. 
Ramirez de Alarcon, Melchor: intoxicated and murdered, II, 279. 
Ramirez de Arellano, Luys: deputy-may. of Sevilla, aa, zaz. 
Ramirez (Ramires, RanuUo - evidently mistranscrip.) de Cartajena (CarUgena), 

Cristoval (Christoval, canon of Manila eca cab.): his services, 18, 237, 238; 

signs doc, la, 140, 34, 43^, 45, 100. 



Raon] INDEX 773 

Ramirez Pinto, Maria: Dom. buy house from, 45, 214. 

Ramirez Plata, Heman: acts as witness, 4, 161. 

Ramirez de Prado, Licen. Lorenzo (member of Span. roy. ooun.) : his opinion, 25, xoz. 

Ramon, Mathias, OJ'.: arrives at Manila, 43, 39. 

Ramonones, Conde de (Director of Public Instruction) : thanked, i, 17. 

Ramos, Alonso, O.S.A.: arrives at Manila, J4, 148. 

Ramos, CapL Estevan: app. chief pilot, 35, 330. 

Ramos, Capt Francisco: app. galley capt, J J, 337; qualifications and salary, 33S. 

Ramos, Jer6nimp^ O.S.A.: sketch, 37, 360, 361. 

Ramos, Serg. Juan: enoom. assigned to, 34, 310; death, 3, z6x. 

Ramos, Manuel, O.P.: arrives at Manila, 43, 70. 

Ramos, Capt. N.: deserts, j8, 30; death, J9, 50. 

Ramos, Don Nicolas (chief and gov. of Cubao) : acts as witness, 8, 84-89. 

Ramos, Capt Thomis: interested in ship, 38, 19. 

Ramos, Tomas, O.P.: Dutch capture, 35, 367; sketch, 37, 94. 

Ramsay, Andrew (Brit sec'y) : letters by, 49, 66, 67. 

Ramyrez, Garda: signs letter, J, 182. 

Rancheria: meaning of term, ai, 399. See also Vill. 

Ranches: officials prohibited from buying, 50, 95. See also Farms. 

Rangel, Francisco, S.J.: his first mass, 29, 45. 

Ransoms: instructiona rdg., i, 356, 386, 8, 387; of native chiefs, how allotted, 
^» 55! required for captives, 137; freed without, 137; paid by crown, 351; must 
be furnished for business partner, 5, 183; regulations for, among Fil. slaves, 7, 
176; promised to Mor., 15, 366; demanded, 18, 183, ao, 33, ai, 350, 351, J4, 
81, j6, 367, J7. 316, 319, ^9, 96, 33, 341, 38, 184, 185, 41, 3>8 (greed for), 43, 
140, 47, 247, 49, 14, 16, III, X41-143, s"5, 2^9, ^9h S'^, 3*8, 339; oflFered for idol, 
ai, 333 ; refused and evaded, Ja, 309, 310, J7, 393, 33, 183, 35, 77, »^7, 49, «3, 
z68, 309, 3Z0, 330, 339, 330; society for ransoming captives, 47, 82; fund for id^ 
318; method of raising, 49, 79, 80, 316, 345, 246, 249, 345; promised to Brit, 
Z51; attempted collection, 338, 249; collected, 245; damage to inhabitants deducted 
from, 313; Brit try to get security for, 314; Span, notes given for, 3Z7, 330, 331; 
stolen property reckoned part of, 328, 329; Manila ransom, 49, 14, z6, 33, 68, 
71, 72, 78, 79, III, 141, 142, 151, 168, 315, 3i6, 338, 345, 346, 349, 369, 291, 309, 
310, 312-314, 317, 320, 3*8-331, 345; instances of, i, 113, a, 31, 38, 41, 77, 79, 82, 
94, 117, 351, 263, 4, 165, 166, 5, 151, 173, 6, 118, 9, 172, 10, 238, 241-243, 13, 57i 
14, 287, 15, 61, 266, 17, 15, n6, 140, 145, 180, 277, 18, 22z„ JO, 59, J5, aoo, J7, 
316, 39, 100, 117, 160, 31, 101. 127, 283, 3a, 44, 33, ^35, 34, 33. ««9, 43«, 35, 
292, 37, i7«, 38, 66, 68, 185, 209, 40, 103, 155, 351, 41, 120, 125, 296, 397, 310, 
44, 13, 7«, 73, 78, 47, ", 4©, 60, 67, 51, 48; amt of, 7, 176, 41, i30, 397, 48, 
164, 49, 71, 7a, 78, 79, "I, 317; pearls given for, 33, 335. 

Ranullo de Cartagena: error for Ramirez de Cartagena (9.V.), u, 140. 

Radn (Raon), Jos^ (Joseph, gov. of Phil. 1765-70): succeeds Torre, 49, 33, 50, 36; 
arrives at Manila, 49, 333, 50, 9; negotiations with Jes., j8, 316, 45, 133, 
50, 19, 27, 34, 37, 92, 295-299, 51, 312; attempts to enforce roy. patronage, 50, 
10, 29, 30, 51, 312; receives present from French, 27; rel. ord. oppose, 30; deserts 
abp., 32; discretionary powers conferred on, 288; blames Galvan, 298; neglects 
duties, 298; dictates vote of oidor, 301; grants amnesty to Boholans, 5z; king 
disapproves of his actions, 45, 126, 128-130; Anda prosecutes, 50, zo, 34, 46, 296; 
charged with conspiracy, 299; convicted, 296; his sec'y banished, 5a, 344; death, 
50, Z9, 37, 300; sketch, 17, 298; characterized, 50, 27, zz9, 294; revises ordinances 



774 THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS [Radn 

Raon, Jose (oondnued) — 

of good govt, 38, a39, 46, 286, 287, 50, 18, 19, 27, 227-264, 323 ; letter to, 287- 
289, 294; letter by, 295. 

Rasea (Joloan chief) : deserts Jolo, 4, 297. 

Rations: instructions to Magalhies rdg., i, 236-258; Mag. diminishes, 3x3; short 
at Cebd, 3» 70, 71; distributed weekly, 71; rice, 202; not issued to sold., 209; 
assigned to laborers, 48, 239. See also Provisions. 

Raxamora (Rajaniora - mispr. for Rajamora see, IJ, 165, 5 J, 334; Raxa Mura, Min- 
danao chief) : a boy, 10, 67; his relations, 67; Ronquillo plans his marriage, 67; 
quarrels with other chiefs, I a, 165; resides in Buyahen, 16, 270; friendly to Span., 
9, 287, 10, 67; collects trib., 9, 289; hostile to Phil., 11, 293. 

Raxayro (king of J0I6) : letter to, 4, x88. 

Raymundo, — S.J. ( ?) : signs mem'l, 6, 229. 

Rayo, Jos^ Mato. See Mato Rayo. 

Rayo Doria, Gen. Sebastian (Sebastian, Francisco - error, 4 J, x66, Span, official): 
shows disrespect to Salcedo, 37, 27, 28, 265; Salcedo brings suit against, 38; 
Salcedo arrests, 261, 262 ; aids in arrest of Salcedo, 25, 58, 263 ; arretted by Boni- 
faz, 38; afflicted with beriberi, 38; takes part in campaign against natives, 38, 
Z45 ; tries to negotiate peace with them, 150, 132; imprisoned by them, 151 ; released 
by them, 153; rewards faithful natives, x86; executes judgment on natives, 209; 
takes part in festivities, 4 J, x66. 

Rayo Doria, Dr. Francisco (sec priest): app. abp. (ad inUrim), 44, 144; his rig^t 
to abprc. successfully contested by ecc cab., 144 ; absolves Bustamante, 171 ; mem- 
ber of Misericordia, 47, 28; titles and posts, 28. 

Rea, — la: owns encom., 8, 104; his son, 104. 

Rea, Juan de la, S.J.: labors in Carigara, 36, 55. 

Read, CapL John (Eng. seaman) : steals journal of Capt Swan, 39, 74, 75. 

Read (Reed), John (Brit seaman): incites mutiny against Capt Swan, 39, 75, 76; 
chosen capt of mutineers, 82; trades with natives, xoo; fears his crew, zx8, 12a 

Real, Lorenzo el: commands Dutch post, 18, 142; death, 146. 

Real de la Cruz, Martin, O.P.: life and labors, 37, 94, 45, 15, 148, 154. 

Realejo (Realexo, Nicaragua): location, 39, 53; seaport of Leon, 53; rigging made 
at, J, 80; Capt Swan at, 39, 53. 

Realengos: defined, 43» 26, 48, 29. 

Rearcado, Ignacio, O.S.A.: elected visitor, 4 J, 239. 

Rebolledo, Alvaro de: app. auditor of accts., J7, 246; petitions by, 246, 247. 

Recano, Senora de: goes to Spain, 40, 249. 

Receipts: given for paym't, 3, 66; entered in acct book, 9, 158. 

Recollects (Recoletos; discalced Augustinians) — 

The order: estab. and early hist, I3i 246, 247, Ji, 159, 180, 191, 192, 263, 289; 
in Spain, xx2, 153, 17