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Full text of "An Account of Part of a Collection of Curious Plants and Drugs, Lately Given to the Royal Society by the East India Company"

C 57^1 



III An Account of -part of a ColieHion of CurV 
eus Plants anJ Drugs^ lately given to the 
Royal Society by the Eaft India Company. 

A Preface to the following Account by the Publijher 

ofthefe TranfaSfions. 

AT the beginning of the 20th Volume of thefe Pa- 
pers^an Account was i^romikd of n Cur iousCol/eSfi-^ 
on of Plants and other Simples^ gathered by Mr Samuel 
Brovpn^ a Phyfician at Fort St George in the Eafi Indier. 
The performance of which promile has been hitherto 
delayed,becaufe fome of the Seeds were diftributed and 
raifed in the moft Curious Gardens in England^ as at her 
Grace the Dutchefs of Beaufort's at Badminton^ the Right 
Reverend the Biftiop of London's at Fulham^ at Dr Rom 
bert Vuedale's at Enfield^ Mr Jacob Bobarfs in Oxford^ 
Mr Du-Boiss at Mitchamy and Mr Sam. Dood/s at the 
Apothecaries Garden in C6e//^^, Some additional in- 
formations have been by this means received,ahd 'twas 
hoped more might have been had 5 and this has been 
the occafion of the delay of this account. 

It (hall contain the whole and entire Obfervations of 
Mr Brown^ without any abridgment. His Obfervations 
fhall have his name fubfcribed to them, to diftinguifli 
them from the Remarks^ defigned to be added by Mr 
Petiver^ which will give his Thoughts B^iOid Difcoveries 
concerning thefe Plants, he having obferved 'em in other 
Colledions.raifed in England from Seeds jOX defcribed in 
Books already printed. He was thought the fitted perfon, 
as well for his great abilities in this kind, as that they 
were gathered at his deJire^^nA that Mr BroxDn^'who pre- 

Z z z z fented 



[5^0 J 

fented tliem to the Campany^ refers in fome of thefe 
B^ok^ to fome of the fame kinds he had fent him be* 
fore, as will appear hereafter. 

The Order in which they are defigned toht publijhed 
is fuch as they came over in : ThtfirJlBoek will be in 
t\m TranfaHian^ the others in thoie fucCeeding, as 
they can be got ready atGre/hamCollege^and for thePr^. 
The Plants tfaemfelves, and the Original Papers of 
Mr Brown are kept in the fame Order, and with the 
fame Numbers in the Repofitory of the Society as they are 
here publiftied, for the infpeaion of the Curiom, who 
are defired to handle them tenderly, left they ftiould 
be injured, and the good intentions of the Eaji India 
Company and iJey^^/ 6'(?(7/e^j^ be iruftrated, which are, 
that they may laft for the Information and Vfe of all 
inquifitive Per/am^ and be fbrthcoming. on alloccafions 
wherein they can be oiServjce. 

That they may be of great Vfe to the publick, is 
manifeft from this one particular. Some years ago, I 
tliinfc 5 ever fince the year 1672, a Root was made 
great Vfe of with fome Succefs in Epileptick^ Convd- 
fine or Hmd Difeafes. 3 'twas . ealiU by: Dr Peachy, a. 
Phyfician fince dead, Cajfumunkir, and a (heet of Paper 
was then printed of its Vermes. It feem'd to be a kind 
of Zedoary better than ordinary 5 but whence it came, 
or how to come by it , (the name being f eign'd 
to hide it ) and . the perfon dead, none cou'd telU 
When I faw this ColkStion at the Eafl-'India-hoHfe, I 
found amongft other things this Root by the name of 
Bengalle, and an account that it was much ufed by 
the Natives in the Indies. I told fome Drugjiers of 
this difcovery, they fent for it, and have received it 
from the Indieshy that name, and now it is better un- 
derftood, as will appear by thefe papers, and to be had 
in greater plenty, fo that even th^ poorer fort of People 
may receive benefit by it at a more moderate price, and 

the 



[58 1 1 

the Merchant receive advantage by trading in a new 
Commodity. 

This is one of many Difcoveries which are already 
made by this Colledion, which I hope will fufficiently 
excufe me to thofe worthy perfons I mov'd to follicit in 
this affair that Honourable Company 5 who, upon un- 
derftanding the matter, and the importance of it, very 
readily granted their requeft. 

Mr Sam. Brown 
His tirfi Book of Eaft India PI ant s^ mth their 
Names, Venues^ Defcription, &c. Andjome 
additional Remaris^ by James Petiver, Apthe- 
cary^and Fellow of the Royal Society. 

THefe Plants were gathered from February the 26th 
to the 28th, at Bingmr Pollum^ about 20 miles 
from Fort St George. 

Plain Clay ground, fomewhat Stony , not fit for 
Tillage, a meer WUdernefs. 

I Cherry-Mango. No,t. 

Mango iS)/^e/?w Madrafpat. fru&u Cerafi. Mufei Pe- Mufei Po* 
tiveriani No. 659. Moruttan- chidde Malab. J|^^r. No* 

Of this there is another fort little differing, only ^' 
that the Leaves are a little longer and (harper, which 
the Malabar 5 call Cantman-chidde. 

This is a fmall Tree about 6 or 8 foot higk I have DefcriptUn 
not feen the Fm/ , the Flowers have a very plealant 
fmell, the Leaves tafte almoft like Tea. I can learn no- 
thing of its Vertue as yet. Mr Sum. Browru 

2. Madrafs Flower- Fence, with membranaceous podsj 2, 

Criji^ Pavonis auriculata^non fpinofa^ filiqiiis membra' ¥^^ ^^'* 
■naceis e Madrafpat an. M^j^ Petiver. 635- Avaree Malab. ^^' ^^' 

This Shrub h about 2, 5, and fometimes 4 foot D./avp^^ 
high, and bears a flat pod about a finger long, and 
more than than an inch broad. S. B, 

Z z zz 2 It 



r 58* ] 

feme. It purges both in Infufon and P^tt?^er, and is given 
hy tht Natives in the Pox and lingring Fevers. Mr 
5^^ Brown. 
Tab. Piuc Df Plukenet hath given a^ lame Figure of this in his 
utfrnrit^h^^^^* Tab. 314. Fig. 4. and hath very little rea- 
p. 410. fon to fappofe this Orientid Shrub^ to he tht Tepekoax- 
Aim^ Bor ^^ ^^ Rcechm pag. 410, virhich bears red Flowers and 
idp/i.3^.two Seeds only, whereas the JF/(?»^er of this is yellow, 
and ths Seed feldom or never fewer than fix. 
3» 3. Vedudee Malab. 

^!uf. Pc- Siliquopis Madrafpat. frntex Glycgrrhi%£ foliis alternis 
^'^^'^^^^^'MuJ.Petiver^jS. 
Heightk This is a 6*^r^ with flender Branches about 4 or 5 

foot high. 

Vertm. j^ is very good to expel Worms of all forts, and to 
eafe pains proceeding from them. The Juke is very 
bitter ; they chuCe therefore to eat a handful of Leaves 
boyl'd. S. B. 

4. Neer-corea Malab, 

Place. It grows in wet places, Padde Fields, oyc. It is about 

mghik a foot high. I know no Phyfical ufe of it, S. B. 
^. 5. Xelanaiureve Malab- 

mghtk This is a fmall Shrub about one or two foot high. 

vcrtun. It ftrongly provokes Vrim, ii the Decodion of the 
roafted Her^ betaken with a little Powder oi Borax. 

vmety. Of this there is another larger fort- S. B. 

^^u\ "^^^^ feems to differ very little or nothing from our 

9rc^h'ip.^ommon Melilot^ and if it be the iSv^W^^i pullu Hort. 

vJS-^inhMdlak Vol. 9. Tab. 40. p^ 75. the Figure of the Leaves 

|iy^]^' are not well expreft, they being too broad and not ere. 

£ 4. ' nated. Dr Flukenefs Lv/$ in his Phytograph Tab. 45. 
Fig. 5. is not much better, his being alio whole and 
fet altogether from one bafe, whereas the extream Leaf 
ihould (tand at fome diftance from the Pair. It ra- 
ther agrees with his 4th Figure in the fame Table^ 
which alfotromes from thefe parts, and perhaps may 
be both one Plant. 6. Lou- 



[583] 

6. Laurus Madrafp5tanaC^;;e^^^ albs filusJPuugBluMaL <^. 

This is a fmall Tree about 8 or 10 toot high ; the^^'^^^^- 
Fruit of this boyl'd and beat to a pulp, applied to '''''^^''''''^ 
fcaPd Heads cures them, as alfo the LcA ; but tiie Ojl 
of the Fruit by expreffion is much better, and may be 
alfo taken inwardly, S. B. 

/• Chryfanthemum Orientate foliis crifpisMuC.Petiver 375 
Cony%a minor Indi^ Qrientalis, iS^e/^/?// MalaborumMi^/^. Syno- 
Aim. Bot. 55. It may alfo be the Chryfanthemum Bengha- Muf.^'Pe- 
lenfe angujiifolium pufillum fummo caule ramofum of the uvqy ^j 2^ 
fame Author in his Phytogr. Tab. 21. Fig. 4.. the Figure ^^^^\ 
being taken from a poor (pecimen, as many of his o- ^j.^^piuk. 
thersare. ^j.fig- 4- 

It grows a foot or two high^, has an Herby ot Grafs- 
UhX^Skt : the Natives mix with this 8 or 10 other 
IngredientSymAgivt it in Fevers. S* B. 

8. Muladnndee Malab. §. 

Capbaris fpinofa duplicatis fpinis foL acutoMns^V^ti'^^^^J^^^ 

ver. 625. io7.fig.3. 

Dr Plukenet hath given a very imperfed Icon of this ^^8,%. 7 
in his 107 th Table Fig. 5. . under the improper Epithet 
of Rhamnm.lt tn2LY alfb he his Ramnus fortes Arbufcula 
Evonymifolio fpinis gemellis Madrafpatana Tab. 218. 
Fig. 7. being very like it, and coming from the fame 
place. 

There are if ^reey^r^j* of this Tree^ of all v/Iiich they 
boyl the Bark of the Root in either Coco or Gingelee 
Oyl to cure Scabs and Itch , but take it not inwardly as 
lean learn; This is a trayling prickly P/^//*, riles a- 
bout 14 or 15 foot high, and is fupporred by Trees^c^^:. 
I take it for a fpecies of Capers. S. B. 

9.Aromatick Eye-bright fromM^/^r^j/?^f^/sr.Marre-pon- ^^ 
An Malab. This when frefh, has a weak but pretty 
aromatick fmell, it bears a vohite Flower^ which when 
dry looks blewifh. «5. B. 

his 



[ 5^4 1 

iPhil This is defcrlbed in the Philofoph. TrmfM. No. 244. 

Tranfaa. p. 328. fig. §1. Df Plukemt hath given fuch a fort of 

p. ^328!^ an /c<?/^ of this Herb in his 177th Table, Fig. 6. that 

^g- 3 »• when he came fo fee it in his Colleftion, he was fo far 

^g"^^/^* from knowing it again, that be makes a new Plant of 

Piuk.177.it, adding Mr 5r^23?;^'s Epitliet of Aromatick to it, but 

^^•^* fuppofes it to be another he had before figured under 

No. 3. Tab. 1 1.8. and if fo, here is one Plant made 

three. I wonder fo great a Botanift as Dr Plukemt 

ftiould not know his evon Plants^ cfpecially fuch lie had 

taken the pains to Figure. 

10. lo. NiconeeM^2h. 

This is a fmall Tree, 7 or 8 foot high^ and fome- 
times as thick as a man's Leg. The Natives ufe it in- 
ftead of Candles and T^roMs i one time when I Tra^ 
veiled up the Country in the night they were my 
lights. 6^. B. 

The fpecimens of this Shr^ are £o impaired, that 
from what remains, it's difficult to reduce it to any 
certain Trihe. 
Phi/'' 1 1 .Sweet Flowred Angoh. ^QS^gee^ ot Ddinjee Malab. 
Traiif. Jtrhar Madrafpatana jfmi^Mf kexdpetdis heptapetalifve^ 
No. 2 24. jrn&H coromto Phil. TranG N^. 224.- p. 315. Fig. i. 
Ilg^i? This Tree grows 40 or ^o foot higl.mid thick as a lu- 
fty man's middle , tlie Flowers fmell fweet, while 
frefti.. 

A Deco&ion of tlie B^rk ^^ the Root , is good for 
colds and ftiffnefs of the Limbs. Oi th^ Fruit they 
make Of I good lor cold F^/>/, and ferves their Lamps* 

}t^ % 2 . Baccifera racemofa Madra {pai:ana Lauri Ceraf fotiis^ 

^raik jloi'ibus parvis nMP^erofijfimfs Vhil. TranC iVa. 224. p^ 320. 

Mo, a 24. Cur mm chtdde Malab. This gfows as thick, as a man's 

p. 320. Leg, and 20 ioot high^ the frefh Flowers have a \^w^Qt 

^' ^^* fmell The Fruit they roaft and eat. S* R 

14 



14. Coodee Chittammitttee Malab. 14^ 

This with Gunta Parmge^ Succu^ Tippelee pmltn. Chor 
veum. Chitrd-mtilhm. Ca^/dpm-galree, Nelavpammoo. 
I^aHtpaHticPim^ Cutta mHllee. Canjeerevcr. Tiiefe ele- 
ven they boyl and drink the DecoSwn of, for all ions 
of intermittirig Fevers. It is a weak Herh^ and for the 
moft part Trails or lies on the Ground. S. B. 

Dr Plukenet calls this in his Phpograph Tab. 132, p]"^'/ 5 ^ 
Fig. 3 . Ahhea minima furreUaVeronics villofis foliis e Ma- ' ^' 
drafpatana. Yet in his Corred Mantijfa gives it again 
as new, with the Charafter oi procumbens^ which he 
ought to acknowledge Mr Bror^n for, but how he 
can prove it furreUa too, himfelf can only beft in- 
form us. 

15, Caata'a>rHndee Mdlah. Boardarum Indoftan. '^' 

It grows in moiji places, the Flower of a deep red 
or purple, the whole Plant of a moft grateful fmell^ 
it grows fometimes a foot high. The Powder of this 
with q or 4 other things they ufe for the Pox^a drink 
of this with* three more they cure Fevers. The bot- 
tom Leaves arc fometimes 5 or 4 inches lo^gj and one 
or two k^d. & jB» 

That moft celebrated Botanift, TXtPlukenety mayve-pjufc.ios, 
ry well boaft of his innumerable (pedes of Plants, if he ^p- 7. 
multiplies others as he has done this, making it three ^i^'^^^^ 
different Hcrbs^ as you may fee in the PMlofophicalMsii v. 10. 
Tranf^t&ims, No. 224. p. 382. Fig. 18'. ^^:. "^.5 

16^ Nalauppe GQUt Mficotarre M^hh. ' ik 

A fort of Caper , being of the fame Species with tSfo. 
8 . It's a prickly Bujh about three foot high , the 
Flovp^rs fweet , the Fruit fmall and very bitter, the 
whole Plant, that excepted, is good for the Pox^ as 
alfo for Fevers and Qmgb^ mixed with other things, 
S. Ba 

If. Cant"^- 



17, 17. CmhmHllcM^hb. Addenfce-ptalh Cent 

Pluk. 2 12, Sjrwga fc:inckns IVladrafpatana Fraxini foliis den fori-' 
^^'^' bus, cUviculis donata Pluk, Fhyt. Tab. 228. Fig. i. 

The cUvicuU to this Plant are wholly owing to the 
Dolors own donation, and had his Epithet ot Scan- 
dens been alfo left out, it had been lefs maqueraded, 
being an erect FLint rifing three or four foot high , and 
divides into' many Bntw/&a, fXi^Flovper very fragrant, 
and Fruit fmall, which they foak in water all night 
to bring off the Husk^ then Boyl it, which is good 
food. S.B. 
'^' 18. Larnfiimis Madrafpatanus trifoliatuf. Pumn^ 
chidde Malab. 

Tliis is a Shrnb about five or 6 foot />/g/&, and as 
thick as a mans Thigh. The Natives mix the Juice 
ofitsB^/r4, which is very thick, with LmCj to make 
it laft long, and by this means it becomes as hard as 

Stone. S. B. 
Ray H. Dr Plu^enet confounds this Tree with his Arbor a^ 
pj k^^ romatica c Coromandel Laurinis foliis hinis ternifvenom 
% 5.'"^ jf?r^ Raij H. PL 1808. Phytogr. Tab. 1^. Fig. 5. which 
if he had nicely confidered the Flowers of, he would 
have found them very different , and his Leaves are 
Ibmetimcs 4 together, as well as 9 or 3, whereas this 
is conflantly trifoliated. 
^9. 19. Mr Du*Bois his Madrafs welted Sun-Flower. 

Pluk. i&o, Chryfanthemttm farvttm ramojijjimnm , membranaceo 
cfxon. r^/^/e Madarafpatenfe Plu^.Tak 160. Fig. 5. Hijit. Oxon^ 
Sea^.p. SeB.6. p. 25. AV.88. Charangulle Malab. 
ll\ °* It's a fmall low P/^;?^ fix or eight inches high ^ of 
a faint fvveet fmell. It fome times grows of itfelf in 
Gardens. S. B* 
^o. 20. Fcrrum Eqninum majns Malabarienfe Jiliquis in 

V ^\^'. f^^^^i^^te Cornel in Hort . Malab. V. 9. Tab. 18. /^. 31. 
j8. p. 31. Al/// P^^/V^r, 53. Neer-pundo Gtnt. Neruchaddaj/ Ma- 



[5871 

This grows in the Water ^ the wood of the Branches Piuk. jo>. 
which are very long and lye on the furface of the ^^s- 3- 
Tanks or Ponds curFd in Rings one within another , 
is very light and fpongy, and fo foft, that you may 
fquceze it how you pleafe. 5. B. 

Dr Plukenet hath not only needlefsly and lamely 
Figured this Herb Tal?. 309. No. 3. it being before 
much better done in the aforefaid Hort, Malak but 
fince that, to confound and multiply fpecies, has gi- 
ven it again as New in his Mantijfa p. 140. 

21. Lychnis Indka Gen tianse foliis ^^ Febrifuga , ^i. 
Giritilla Zeylonenfibus Muf. Petwer. 657. Narre M"^- P^t* 
comptee MalaL ^^^' 

This grows 6 or 8 inches high in wet places, the 
mid-day Sun parches it . S. B. 

22. Ce;^to/r/^A^ elatius Clinopodij foHo HingHer- 3.5, 
Pollnmenfe caule hirto. Mucaorundce Malab. 

This rifes with flender weak Branches about 3 or 
4 foot . high^ when frefli it fmells like Chwches^ tlie 
Waives CRt it for pains in the back. a. B. 

23. Ambrofi^ affinis e M^r/e//?4^i^/^ PerficarU fo- -5-^ 
lio Muf. Petwer. 605. Nonducallacree Malak ^^f* ^'^^' 

This is a water Plants grows 6 or 8 inches /&%4 
the Natives eat it. S. B. 

24. Samolm .Hinguer-Pollumenfij SatureU rigidis 24 
foil is. Arraveenampondoo. Malab. 

This rifes about a foot high, thrives beft in hard 
ground. Boyrd in Oyk of Coco-nut with other things, 
the Natives cure Palfies of long ftanding, S. B. 

25. Genifta tindoria Madrafpatana foiiis fericeis. j-. 
Nellacrandee Malab* It grows in hard ground 6 or 8 P|uk.2 5. 
inches MgL S. B. The Author oi th^ Phytographia^^^^'^' 
Tab. 205. Fig. 7. hath given a very imperfed Figure 

of this, under the title of Myofotk^ an Epitk^t VQry 
different from the genus of the Plant. 

A aa a a 26* 



tacK. 



25, 



[ 588 1 

Margofa de Mato Portug. Of this Tree there are 5 
forts more, viz. Carreampelle, Nelle wampulle and 
Nalee weambod. This here is the worft fort, and 
is only good for cold pains waftiing with the Decofti- 
on» The whole Tree is very bitter, is above 20 foot 
high, and as thick as a mans thigh 5 the Fruit is 
Azede- round. S.B. This is a fpeciesofthe Azederack or 
Be ad- tree, 

7j. Neala poondoo Malak Grows in hard ground 

on the banks of hields : This with four or five other 

things the Natives cure pains from Wind ox Cold. S. B. 

2B. 28. Ette Malak Muttechettxi Gent, the Dutch call 

it Lignum Cdnbrinum. 

This Tree is 15 or 20 foot high^ z% thick as.amans 
tliigh, the fruit round, of an Or^^^e colour when 
ripe, till then green. Some are as big as Apples^ o- 
thers but h'tie bigger than Cherries. The Fruity 
Leaves and Root beaten to malh, and boyl'd in the 
Oyl preft out of the l^imbo Kernels, is by thQ Natives 
ufed dutwardly, and taken inwardly as a Soveraign 
Medicine againft the poifonous bites of venemous 
Serpents^ &c, as alfo in the Faljle and old Aches, but 
they ufe not the DecoBion of it in Wine nor Water, 
foi" Fevers, as the Dutch do. The Flowers are of an 
afh colour when frefti, and ftink after an odd manner 
which I can't defcribe. S. B. 

Of this here are three ^r^j* more, t;/2s. Code Ettee. 
Nellawatachittu and Tetammaraumv S. B. 

This is a fpecks of iV^;r fomica, and there being 
feveral forts of it, as Mr Brown hgre obferves, it's 
thought more proper to take another opportijnity to 
•give yoM the differences of them together. 

29. Poljgonum multiflorum liingmr-pollumenfe. 
Nechetta-poondcx> Malabo 

This 



This trails oa tlie groond half a jdrd loeg^ tfe 
Mativeshojl and eat it* S. B^ It's like oor cohmhoo 
Knatgrafs^ but hath mom Fhmers and leffer Le^ms. 

30. Vekcannutnboo Malak and Ge;^i; 3 

It grows io hard ground, in dry places. 51 B» 
Were not Dr Plnkenet too fond of the guilt he 
charges others withal ^ot!^. to multiply fpedes and 
contound B^^^^/, he would not thus frequently make 
2 or 3 plants of one, efpecially fuch he had reafon 
to fufped, were by others very well defcribed, as for 



lB,V.l26. 



g 



92 



example^this plant which feams little or nothing difFe* p. ',50 J 
rent from the Gnaphalium ad Stschadem citrlnam acce- ^ prodr! 
dens I. Bauhin. Vol. 3, hb. 26. p. 160. fig. cbabr 371. l^^\^g^^^ 
Raj. H. P/. 284. and which Dr blom in his CatalagueR^yH.li] 
of Jamaica Plants^p. 125. obferves tofport very much t^^^p^-^^' 
as well in its Heads as Leaves-5 Yet this the Do£for fi- u^ piuX* 
gures as. a Non-defcript- Tab. 187. f. 5, and after that ^7- % .^ 
in his Mantrjffa p. 92. he gives it again as ;/e^ 3 which 80^^' ^^ 
in fo great a Botanijl I would willingly believe pro- 
ceeds rather horn forget fid nefs than depgn. 

3 1 . Ocimum HingHer Follumenfe floribus exiguis ^ ^ 
denfe fpicatis. Kerandee Chidde Malab. 

This rifes about a foot high^ grows in dry places. 
S. B. 

32. Kaineepu MalaL .^ 

This has a pretty fi^ell^ tho fmail, it grows in 
moiji places* This is that you judged f Mr James 
Petiver} to be a fpecies oi Eye-bright 5 the Flower is 
blue near the middle, and white round the edges. S. B. 

3 3 , Pulandee Malab. 3 3 

Bruifed and boiled and mixt with Oyl oi Aumene- ^,,,,, 
conne (which Parki^fon calls Ricinus five Cataputia 
major vulgatior) is a good Remedy for a T^r# in 
Childrens mouths 5 the J^^Ve given 3 or 4 fpoonfuls 
to a man for Cholick pains, gives 2 or 3 ftools, and 

A a a a a 2 in 



f S90 1 

ph^ce. m two or three days cures. It grows in dry places, 
Tat!^* about a foot high 5 has an herby tafte. S. B. 
p^iuiss. Under this name here are two varieties, which 
vf'k'86 ^^ ^l^h^^et has diftinguiftiedin his. Phjtograhi a, Tab. 
Fig. 6. S6. Fig. 5. and 6. but (ince that in his Mantijfa p. 1 54, 

f having forgot thefe,) he hath there dwindled them 

both into one new one. 
,34- 34, Tamarifcus Madrafpatana Cupreffi facie Mnf. 
fgf; ^'''Peuver.681. Aut^iQore MalaL 
an ?T. 3- This grows in fa^dj ground, which in the Rain 
^g^' time is overflowed. I take it for a fpedes of 21^^/^- 
^ '' riske, but it grows not in this Country to any big- 

nefs 5 the thickeft I ever faw here, was about as % 

as my wrift, and 3 or 4 foot higf:^' S. B* 
35. 35. Samolus M/^^r^Jp.'tf* Gram. Leucanthemi folh's 
^^'^^', PMUf. Tranf. No. 2 24. p. 325. fig. 25. Where I have 
2x4" p. tuliy defcribed it. My very worthy and mgemous 
3 2 5:. No, Fm^/^ Mr Edward Bulkley ^^rg;e^^^, 2it Fort St George 
''^' tells me, being grownd with water and rubb'd on the 

Body, it cures the /ii?e//i;^^vr ther^^of. 
^^ 36. Cony%ii Madrafpatana Carthami folio. Puke- 

piuk. 87. xm<iQMaUk When freih has a good fmell. S^B. 
£?•, '>' After Dr Plnkenet in his Mantiffa d. 188. had eiven 

PIuk-177. - . fL ^\ rr- r ^^ i * 

f. I. Par. this amonglt the ytrga aureus as a new plants he mime- 
Sar. 157. diately correds his Judgment, and fuppofes it may be 
more properly rankt amongft the Eupatoru^ where, 
if he has not twice figured it, vi%>* Tab. 87. fig, 5. and 
T^^, 177. fig. I. he would do well to fetthemina 
clearer light, having very confufedly joyned other 
falfe fynmyms to them, as that accurate BotaniH Dr 
Herman hath alfo obferved^ and in fome meafure 
correded in his Paradyfns Batdvm* p. 157. 

37. Galeopfis Hingmr^pUumenfis flore minimo , 
fpica tenuiore. JC<tr;^^/^^e !?£?(? W^^ Malab. 

This grows in ^rt^ places, about afoot higfj^ is good 
with other things for Childrens Fevers. S. B. 

38, Va^' 



[ 5^1 ) 

58. Vatakelugelepe Md. Geleka-chittii Gent. 38. 

Dr Hermans yellow Malabar Rattle Broom with „ r ^ 
Hunt leaves. Crotolaria Afatka folio fingulari cordi- 201. % '' 
formi floribus luteis H Leyd. 201. fig. and defer. Ge- ^reyn.Pr 
nifta Malak fol. fingulari Floribus luteis, filiquis bul- Ji.^^/''* 
latis Com. in H. Mai Ceniftella Indica major, Salicis H.Mai.V. 
folio glabro obtufo cordiformi fl. luteo minore Brejn. p.* 4^/^* 
prodr 2. Tandale-cotti H. Maiah. Vol. 9- Tab. 25. p. RayH. 
45;%H.P1. 1894. ^ ^ ^^- ^^^4. 

This grows three Toot /jig/:> or more, in dry 
places. 6". B. 

39. Samolus M^(^r^,/f ^^. floribunda, verticillis pin- .^^ 
rimis denfe ftipatis. Kalureevee Malab. Is hot^ will; 
raife Blyfters and dilTolve Buboes^ if timely applyed, 

for which the Natwes often ufe it. S. B. 

This Dr Flukenet hath given us twice over, viz. ^^^' ^on 
in his Almag. p. 205. pi. 9 and Mantiffa p, 112. It's Maat^it 2I 
ftrange fo nice a Botainfi fhould rank this Herb a,^ 
mongft the Docf^Sj from which Tribe it vaftly differs, 
being full of capfules^ and each containing many 
fmall Seed. 

40. Sinapiftrum M^/^i'^r/V//^/ diphyllon. Kaukau- ^o.- 
poondoo. Malab. It grows about two foot high in 

ij/r/ places. ^9. B. 

Dr Flukenet firft ommunicates this to Mr JK^y, ^in 
his Hiji. Plant, p. 1903O under the improper Epithet K^ytiM: 
of 4/^'/e;?^Wi affinis filiquis foliaceis pappis deftitutisjp^^^. ^^ 

after which, without mentioning this 6)//^^//^ <^being%. 5. pidi 
I f uppofe afhamed of itj he figures it under another l!^'^: ^»^ 
name, viz. oiSinapijirum in hi% 60th Table fig. 5. and v.'p.Tab. 
to ftiew his ftrength of memory in the fame Volume^ 33-p- ^^- 
Tab. 119. Fig. 7. he gives it again as new, with a 
worfe Icon than before, and only fuppofes -it to be 
the Qipa^VeeU Hort. Malab, Vol 9. Tab. 33. p. 6i* 
which -without doubt it is- 

41. Dr 



IS9^ 1 

4*- 41. Dr Hermans blue Malabar Rattle-Broom. 

V-prk^ Pee Tandale Cotti H. Mil. K 9. Tab. 29. p. 53^. 

29. p. )^, Crotolaria J/atka folio fingolari verrocofo floribus 
R^Lutig. caeruleis H.Lugd. Bat. 199. Fig, and defc. Geniftella 
jip.^Fig. major I^dka Aliii folio li. cseruleo fpicato Breyn.Vt*2. 

Br. pro. 2. p. 50- Genifta Indica. Alni folio floribos c^mleis, 
p- ^^'P^-7.fiiiquis buUatis Comeh in H. M?/. Carpakelegelepee 

Mdak 

This grows in d^rj/ places, about three foot higL 

S.B. 

^■■- 42. Kadali Madrafpdtana minor, capfulis pilofis* 

Caunampoondoo Mdak It grows in dry places a- 

boiit a foot high. S. B, 

Piuk. 173. Dr Pluksnet ha% figured thk TaL 173. f . 4. by the 

^^' 4- ' name of Eehimphora^ and two others of the fame 

Piuk. idr G^^^^^<^5 1^^ ^^as difperfed under different heads, the 
£ 2. ipjukone he calls Cijttts Chanmrodmdros Tak 161. Fig. 2. 
Muf %Qt ^^^^ other he has made a Lyjimachia. To avoid this 
245'. Muf' confounding oiGennces^ I have chofe to call them all 
1^^; |4^* by the Malabar name Kadali^ under which title there 
1493. H. ^^^ 3 or 4 of them defcribed in Mr Rays Hiffc. Plant. 
MaL V. 4. p^ 14^3, cap; 8. taken from the Hortus Malak Yo\. 
^^g\^-* 4. 1'^/l 42. p. 2j. 6^c. as alfo 2 others in my Muf^^ 

am No. 245 and 246. 
HMa^v 45* Hoary Willowdeaved Malahsir yel/ovp Rattle- 
9'T3^h.26. Broom. Janapachidde M^/^^.Katou Tandale-cotti H. 
P- ^7. MaL Vol. 9. Tab. 26. p. 47. CrotolariaBe/^jM^^^ fo- 
liis Genift fubhirfutis P. Bat Prodr. Pink* Tab, 169. 
i> T> Fig. 5. Grot. M^/^^. fylv. foliis fingularibus majoribus 
2. p 5o/flo^iJ^^^s luteis Cornel in H.M^/. Geniftella Indica major, 
p5, 3. Salicis folio lanuginofo. flore luteo amplo Breyn. Pr, 2; 
p. 50. 

This I obferved in Flower^ in the Right Reverend 
the Biftiop of London^ his Garden at hilham^ fb that 
I very much wonder after all thefe fynmyms and a 
Plant fo well known, (hould by that critical Botanift 



Dr Pfuke^ity h€ given in his Mamijffa pag, 58* asWuk.K^^, 
new, notwithftanding he had figured it before, yet^' ^* 
at the fame time might know it was better done in 
the afor^faid Hon. Mulaharicus. 

This grows about 4 foot high in dry places, the 
Na,tives make Twine and Ropes of it, and fometimes 
ufe it to fume thofe who have Fepers. S. B. 

44. Malabar Arrowhead^ Cooletteyella Mdab. pj^^jfj^^'^c. 
Grows in the water, the Natives ufc the root bruifed f. y/phii* 
to cure their fore feet, which tliey often have in wet ^'^^'^^• 
weather going barefoot. 6'. 5. Sqq its Synonyms and p. \^it 
comparative difference in thQ Philofop. Tranf. No 224,^0. 35?, 
p. 351. No. 39. 

45. Convolulus HinqHer-FollumenJiSj foL cordato 4r- 
poiyanthos, pediculis quad fpinofis. Moolepuncoodee 
Mal.ab. 

This Climer Dr Plukenet pofitively aflerts to be the ^^^^- '• 
Scammoneci Syriaca C B 295. or true Scamony of the ' ^^"^^ 
Shops, which I am fure he has feen growing in the 
Apothecaries Phyllck Garden at Chelfea^ but I believe 
never obferved the footftalks of the Leaves to be 
endowed with thorn-like excrefcencies, refembling piuk lyiJ. 
that imperfeft one, which he has figured T^^. 276. % 3- 
F. 3. Befides its Leaves^ Flowers^ Seed Vejjels^ and 
manner of growing are fo very different, that he had 
norealon to fuppofe it the fame . 

46. Periploca Malaharica foL anguftiffimo. Nau^ ^^ 
na-ree-chedde Malab. Segunda-paU Gent. 

This climing Herb, Leaves^ Root and Brdnchy the 
Natives boyl with long Pepper^ and drink the Decofti- 
on in continual Fevers, the Root is of a very fv/eet 
f/^elly and I beh'eve of more ufe than they talk of. 

s. a 

After Dr Plukenet in his Almageflum Botanicum p* 
37. pi. 2. had declared this to be the Apocynum an- 
gufto Salicis folio CB* 303. and that it was brought 

from 



i 5P4 1 

from Madrafpatan ; yet in his Mantipt p. 17* (I fup- 
pofe only forgetting himfelf ) he gives it again as 
New, with the Efithet of A. anguftifolium breviori 
folio, difdaining the pains to coufult the HorU Mala- 
bar, where he might have found it very well Figured 

H.Mai.v, and Defcribed, viz. Vol. 10. Tab. 34. p. 67; under the 

l^'^""' name of Nam Nmdh 

^^6i^.^' 47. Cambee-CheddeM^/^^. 

.47. Pentaphora Madrafpatam ; Nerii flore, tubo longif^ 

Xranf. ^^c) Phil Tranfad. No. 224, p. 331. pi. 38. where I 

No. 224. have defcribed its Leavds^ Flowers and Fruit. 

^ P • It riles 4 or 5 foot high, and as thick as a mans 
Arm 5 the Natives eat the Fruit, when boyFd 'tis like 
a Myrobdm 5 is found in drj places. S. B. 

Dr Plukenet ranks this amongft the Frumferous 
Tribe, and if fo, it s very ftrange, being the only 
plumb I have yet feen, with a Coronated Fruity hard 
Shell^ and many fmall Seed* 



33. 



TIT" ^