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Full text of "Physicians' manual of the pharmacopeia and the National formulary, an epitome of all the articles contained in the U.S.P. (eighth revision) and the National formulary (third edition)"

U 

PHYSICIANS' MANUAL 



OF THE 



PHARMACOPEIA 



AND THE 



NATIONAL FORMULARY 

An Epitome of all the articles contained in the U. S. P. (Eighth 
Revision) and the National Formulary (Third Edition.) 



BY 
\ ^i - 

C. S. N. HALLBERG, Ph.G., M.D., 

Professor of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy University of Illinois, Member of 

Committee on Revision of the U. S. Pharmacopeia and of 

the Committee on the National Formulary 



AND 



J. H. SALISBURY, A.M., M.D., 

Assistant Professor of Medicine, Rush Medical College; Professor of Medicine 
Illinois Postgraduate Medical School. 



Third Edition Revised. 




AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 

103 Dearborn Avenue, Chicago 
1909 



AUTHORITY TO USE FOR COMMENT THE PHARMACOPEIA 
OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, EIGHTH DECENNIAL 
REVISION, IN THIS VOLUME, HAS KEEN GRANTED BY THE 
BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE UNITED STATES PHARMA- 
COPEIAL CONVENTION, WHICH BOARD OF TRUSTEES is IN 
NO WAY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ACCURACY OF ANY TRANS- 
LATIONS OF THE OFFICIAL WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, OR 
FOR ANY STATEMENT AS TO THE STRENGTH OF OFFICIAL 
PREPARATIONS. 

PERMISSION TO USE FOR COMMENT PARTS OF THE NA- 
TIONAL FORMULARY HAS BEEN GRANTED BY THE COUN- 
CIL OF THE AMERICAN PHARMACEUTICAL ASSOCIATION. 



COPYRIGHT, 1900. 
BY AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. 



Introductory 



THE PHARMACOPEIA. The Pharmacopeia is a book 
fixing standards for the identity, purity, strength and 
quality, and giving directions for the preparation, valu- 
ation, compounding and preservation, of drugs, chemi- 
cals, medicinal substances and their preparations. Orig- 
inally compiled in 1820 by a convention of physicians, 
it is revised decennially by a Committee on Revision 
composed of chemists, pharmacognosists, pharmacists 
and physicians elected by a convention, which meets 
each decennium in Washington, and which includes dele- 
gates from medical and pharmaceutical societies and 
colleges and from the medical departments of the Army, 
the Xavy and the Public Health and Marine-Hospital 
Service. While the United States Pharmacopeia has 
been the legal standard for drugs through pharmacy 
acts in a few individual states, it did not become a 
legal standard for the United States until January, 
1007, at which time the Food and Drugs Act went into 
effect, 

XATIOXAL FORMULARY. There are many preparations 
extensively employed, which, from their more or less 
ephemeral or polypharmacal character, are not admit- 
ted to the U. S. Pharmacopeia. They include many 
solutions, elixirs, syrups, mixtures and pills. The same 
confusion in strength and consequently in dosage which 
attached to official medicines before the adoption of 
pharmacopeias applied also to these various mixtures. 
Thus preparations of potent substances such as elixirs 
of strychnin, solutions of arsenic, syrups of morphin, 
etc., varied in strength as made by different manufac- 
turers, until in 1887 the National Formulary was is- 
sued by the American Pharmaceutical Association. 
This work contains nearly 500 formulas for chemical 
and pharmaceutical preparations and had largely super- 
seded private formularies until the third edition (1906) 
v.us made a legal standard through the National Food 
and Drugs Act. The National Formulary now assures 



iv INTRODUCTORY. 

the same uniformity in these preparations as does the 
Pharmacopeia and affords physicians the safeguard that 
preparations made after its formulas will be the same 
throughout the United States. 

While the preparations of the X. F. are mostly sug- 
gested by the formulas of physicians, there are also a 
number of formulas for preparations similar to the ad- 
vertised proprietary medicines. While, for obvious rea- 
sons, these are not always identical in appearance or 
flavor with the proprietarv article, they are equal, if 
not superior, to the particular proprietary medicine they 
are intended to replace. They have the advantage of 
non-secrecy and uniformity of composition. 

The present work is intended to supply physicians 
with a convenient reference to the official preparations 
of various remedies. Reference to the name of any 
drug will show at a glance the preparations which 
may be prescribed; further information regarding 
strength and composition of the preparations is fur- 
nished under the special titles. It is suggested that 
prescription of these preparations by their Latin titles 
will often avoid lay criticism and also greatly reduce if 
not prevent the use of such medicines by the public for 
self-medication. 

A therapeutic index has been devised for the purpose 
of giving a comparative view of the resources of the 
official remedies. This is not intended as a complete 
guide to treatment nor as an exhaustive list of remedies 
for various diseases, but to present such a selection 
and classification of remedies as will be helpful and 
suggestive as an aid to extemporaneous and emergency 
prescriptions. 

\Yhile the objection may be justly raised that the 
Pharmacopeia contains remedies that might be termed 
obsolete and the National Formulary includes formulas 
which in the judgment of many might well be omitted, 
it has been deemed wisest to retain them all as repre- 
senting the best effort of the representatives of the 
united professions of medicine and pharmacy. The wis- 
dom of this course is the more apparent when w y e re- 
member that experience shows that half-forgotten 
remedies are sometimes revived, and it is well to hold 



INTRODUCTORY. V 

fast to the old remedies Avhich have served past gen- 
erations, while making fair trial of more recent ones. 

It is probably unnecessary to say that one of the 
reasons for the publication of this manual, containing 
in a compact and cheap form a list of official and 
National Formulary preparations, is to supply physi- 
cians with information regarding preparations that can 
be used in place of the vast number of proprietary 
medicines now on the market, the great majority of 
which are typical nostrums. Proprietary medicines are 
not necessarily objectionable, per sc. especially if the 
proprietorship is controlled by a patent, for such medi- 
cines become free when the patent expires, as in the 
ease of such chemicals at antipyrin, salol, phenacetin 
(acetphenetidin) . sulphonal (sulphomethanum ) . trional 
(sulphonethylmethanum ) . etc. Originality and scien- 
tific research in their production were rewarded for a 
limited period through the patent laws, after which 
they became common property. Most of the proprietary 
medicines, however, are simple mixtures and show no 
originality and, therefore, can not be patented. These 
are controlled by trade-marked names. They are usu- 
ally secret in composition or, if the formula is given, it 
is often fictitious or deceptive, and is sometimes changed 
to suit the whims of the manufacturer. There are, 
however, mixtures, proprietary in character, that are 
ret and which may possess properties which rec- 
ommend them to physicians. To differentiate those 
preparations that are true to name and that are 
hone-'.tly manufactured and exploited, the American 
Medical Association, through its Council on Pharmacy 
and Chemistry, issues a book known as "Xcw and Xon- 
Oflicial Remedies." This names and describes such 
medicinal ariicK-s. chemicals and preparations not com- 
piled in the V. S, P. or X. F.. and this book, combined 
with the Physicians' Manual of the V. S. P. and X. F., 
furni>hes physicians with information about practically 
every medicine, proprietary and otherwise, which they 
will find it necessary to use. 

Pharmacopeia articles are in black-faced capitals, 
while those of the National Formulary are in black- 
faced small letters. For instance. BISMUTHI CITRAS 



Vi INTRODUCTORY. 

is official in the Pharmacopeia, while Bismuth! Oxidum 
Hydratum is a National Formulary article. 

The Dosage throughout is the average adult dose as 
given in the U. S. P. and the X. F. and as such implies 
the range customary in practice. 

Common names of drugs appear in the list of syno- 
nyms, so that the reader who fails to remember the 
official title can find it under the common name. 



PHYSICIANS' MANUAL 

OF THE 

PHARMACOPEIA 

(Eighth Revision) 
AND 

NATIONAL FORMULARY 

(Third Edition) 

ACACIA Gum Arabic. 

Uses: Demulcent; chiefly as vehicle to suspend res- 
inous and other insoluble substances in liquid mix- 
tures; as emulsifying agent for oils in emulsions and 
as excipient in pill-masses and troches. 
ACETANILIDUM Acetanilide. Phenylacetamide ; Anti- 
febrine. Monacetyl derivative of Aniline. 
Uses: Analgesic, antipyretic, cardiac depressant; 
in powder, capsules, cachets; should not be massed or 
formed into pills, except when mixed with extracts 
and substances intended for slow intestinal action; 
externally as a Dusting Powder. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Pulvis Acetanilidi Compositus, U. S. 

This prescription indicates the usual form of mixtures 
of Acetanilide with alkalies and caffeine. 
R. Acetanilidi 

Sodii bicarb., aa grs. xxii 1 5 

Ammonii carbonatis grs. xi 75 

Make ten powders of about 0.3 Gm. (5 grains) each, 
one being given every three or four hours to reduce fever. 
For headache one is given and repeated, if necessary, in 
an hour. 

A migraine elixir that is being exploited by a number 
of manufacturers may be given as follows : 

R. Acetanilidi gr. xxx 2! 

Caffeinae gr. iii |2 

Sodii bromidi 311 81 

Alcoholis 3i 4| 

Elixir aromatici, q. s. ft 3iii 100 1 

Average dose 5 c.c., or 1 teaspoonful. If 20 c.c. of 
tincture of cardamon be added to this, or if adjuvant 
elixir (which is also official), be used instead of the 
aromatic, the appearance of the mixture will be much 
enhanced and the psychical effect increased. 

CAUTION. Acetanilide is the chief constituent in many 
proprietary articles and in the popular Headache Reme- 
dies. It often produces untoward, effects manifested 
through cyanosis and general debility, and should there- 
fore be used with care and since it is liable to cause 
habit its continued use should always be discouraged. 



2 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ACETONUM Acetone Dimethylketone. A liquid solv- 
ent. 

ACETPHENETIDINUM. Acetphenetidin ; "Phenace- 
tin." A Phenol derivative. 

White scales or crystalline powder ; soluble in 925 
parts water and 12 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Analgesic, antipyretic. In powder, capsules, 
cachets, etc. Should not be massed or formed into 
pills, except when mixed with substance intended for 
slow intestinal action. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or T 1 /^ grains. It is suggested that 
this dose may be too large. 

R. Aceiphenetidini (phenacetin) . . . .grs. xy 1| 

Caffeinse grs. viii 15 

Sodii bromidi 31 4 

Elixir adjuvanlis Si 30) 

The mixture is to be shaken and two teaspconfuls 
given as a dose. This is often used for headache, one 
dose being usually sufficient. 

CATTICX : As with Acetanilide. which see. 
Acetum Aromaticum, N. F. Aromatic Vinegar. 
ACETUM OPII Vinegar of Opium (Black Drop). 10 
per cent, opii pulvis. 
Dose: 0.5 Co.. or 8 minims. 
ACETUM SCILUE Vinegar of Squill. 

Uses: For the preparation of Syrupus Scillae, U. S. 
Dose: 1 Co.. or 15 minims; rarely used by itself. 
ACIDUM ACETICUM Acetic Acid. 36 per cent, abso- 
lute acid. 

Uses: Caustic; for removal of warts. 
ACIDUM ACETICUM DILUTUM Diluted Acetic Acid. 
6 per cent, absolute acid. 
Uses: Refrigerant; for preparing acetates. 
7,1(11101- Ammonii Acetatis, U. S. 
ACIDUM ACETICUM GLACIALE Glacial Acetic Acid. 

0!) per cent, absolute acid. 

ACIDUM BENZOICUM Benzoic Acid (Flores Ben- 
zoini). By sublimation from Benzoin, or produced 
artificially. 

White, or yellowish-white scales, or needles ; soluble 
in 281 parts water, 18 parts alcohol and in ether, chloro- 
form, fixed and volatile oils. 

Uses: Diuretic, antiseptic. Internally, chiefly as 
soluble compounds with the alkalies (benzoates) ; 
externally, in solutions. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Tinctura Opii Camphorata, U. S. 
Liquor Antisepticus, U. S. 
ACIX>UM BORICUM Boric Acid (Boracic Acid). 

Whitish scales or very tine powder, soluble in IS 



A.ND XATIOXAL FORMULARY. 3 

parts water. 3 parts boiling water. 15 narts alcohol. 4.6 

parts glycerin ; when heated with glycerin reacts to form 

Boro-glycerin official as Glyceritum Boroglycerrini, 

which see. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antiputref active (astringent) ; 
externally in antiseptic solutions. Saturated solution 
contains about 5 per cent. Also as a Dusting Powder, 
diluted with Tale, sometimes combined with Salicylic 
Acid. Acetanilide, lodoform, Phenol, etc. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7 l / 2 grains (rarely internally). 
Liquor Antisepticus. U. S. 
Pulvis Antisepticus. N. F. 
Pulvis Talci Salicylicus, X. F. 

ACIDUM CAMPHORICUM Camphoric- Acid. Acid ob- 
tained by the oxidation of Camphor. 

Colorless crystals, or flakes : soluble in 125 parts 

water, readily in alcohol and fatty oils. 

Uses: Internally to combat night -sweat of phthisK 
but of little value; externally in saturated aqueous 
solution for pharyngitis and laryngitis. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains, in the form of capsules. 
Acidum Carbolicum lodatum, N. F. Iodized Carbolic 

Acid. (Phenol lodatum, Iodized Phenol). 
Iodine 20. Phenol 60, Glycerin 20 parts. 

Uses: Externally as a counterirritant and cautery. 
ACIDUM CITRICUM Citric Acid. Obtained from 

Limes or Lemons. 

crystals, readily soluble in water, alcohol and In 18 

parts ether. 

Uses: Refrigerant, as a substitute for lemon juice. 
To form citrates with the alkalies and alkaline earths 
in official solutions and effervescent salts: Liquor Pot- 
a>>ii Citratis. Liq. Magnesii Citratis. Mngnesii Sulphas 
Effervescens. etc.; with ammonia and other alkalies 
to form soluble double compounds of the metals, Bis- 
muth and Iron. 

Average Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 
Acidum Citricum Saccharatum, N. F. For extempora- 
neous preparation of Effervescent Powders. 

ACIDUM GALLICUM Gallic Acid. From Tannic Acid. 
Yellowish-white needles ; soluble in 83.7 parts water, 
4 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Astringent; haemostatic; externally in satu- 
rated solution in water. 

Dose I Gm.. or 15 grains; internally in powder or 
capsule. 

ACIDUM HYDRIODICUM DILUTUM Diluted Hydrio- 
dic Acid. 10 per cent, absolute HI. 
Uses: Alterative; as a substitute for Potassium 



4 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Iodide and other alkali Iodides and for preparing 
Syrupus Acidi Hydriodici. U. S. 

Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 
ACIDUM HYDROBROMICUM DILUTUM -- Diluted 

Hydrobromic Acid. 10 per cent, absolute HBr. 

Uses: Sedative: as a substitute for Potassium Bro- 
mide and other alkali Bromicos. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 lluidram; in Elixir or Syrup. 

ACIDUM HYDROCHLORICUM -- Hydrochloric Acid 
(Muriatic Acid). 31.0 per cent, absolute HC1. 

Fuming, corrosive liquid, s. g. 1.158: miscible with 
water and alcohol. 

Uses: Chiefly to prepare the Diluted and other acids. 
Poison. Antidote: Weak alkali solution; soap. 
ACIDUM HYDROCHLORICUM DILUTUM Diluted Hy- 
drochloric Acid. 10 per cent, absolute HC1. 
Uses: Solvent; addition to bitter tonics. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims: largely diluted. 
ACIDUM HYDROCYANICUM DILUTUM. Diluted Hy- 
drocyanic Acid (Prussic Acid). 2 per cent, abso- 
lute 'HCX. 

Liquid, of hitter almond odor, easily decomposed, 
should he carefully kept from heat and lisht. 
Uses: Sedative in small doses; palliative addition 
to cough-mixtures. 

Poison. Antidote: Ferric chloride, inhalation of 
ammonia. 

Dose: 0.1 Cc., or I 1 /., minims. 

ACIDUM HYPOPHOSPHOROSUM. 30 per cent, abso- 
lute acid. 

ACIDUM HYPOPHOSPHOROSUM DILUTUM. Diluted 
Hypophosphorous Acid. 10 per cent, absolute acid. 
Uses: As a substitute for Calcium and other Hypo- 
phosphites and addition to their preparations. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc.. or 8 minims. 

ACIDUM L AC TICUM Lactic Acid. 75 per cent, abso- 
lute acid. 

Syrupy liquid, s. jr. I.L'OG. miscible in all proportions 
\A*ith water, alcohol and ether. 

Uses: Refrigerant; intestinal antiseptic, in green 
Diarrhea of Infants; externally as a caustic. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

Acidum Metaphosphoricum Dilutum, N. F. Diluted 
Clacial Phosphoric Acid. 10 per cent. Phosphoric 
Acid. 

Uses: In solutions of Pyrophosphate of Iron to 
vent precipitation. 



pro- 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 5 

ACIDUM NITRICUM Nitric Acid (Aqua Fortis). 68 
per cent. HN0 3 . 

Strongly corrosive, fuming, caustic liquid, s. g. 1.403 ; 
miscible in all proportions with water, reacts with 
alcohol and glycerin (explosive). 
Uses: As a caustic. 

Poison. Antidote: Weak alkali solution; bland oils. 
ACIDUM NITRICUM DILUTUM Diluted Nitric Acid. 
10 per cent. HNO.,. 

Uses: Hepatic stimulant; to produce Nitrates. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, largely diluted with 
water. 

ACIDUM NITROHYDROCHLORICUM -- Nitrohydro- 
chloric Acid (Aqua Regia ) . Nitric Acid, 18 vols.; 
Hydrochloric Acid, 82 vols. 

ACIDUM NITROHYDROCHLORICUM DILUTUM 
Diluted Nitrohydrochloric Acid. Diluted Nitro- 
Muriatic Acid. Approx. 10 per cent, absolute acid. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims; should be taken through 
a glass tube so as to prevent affecting the teeth. 

Uses: Hepatic stimulant, largely diluted; as an 
addition to bitter tonics. 

I. Acidi nitrohydrochlorici dil m. C 6 

Syrupi aurantii 3x 40 

Tincturse gentianae comp 3v 20 

Aquae q. s. . 3xxv 100 

M. et Sig. One teaspoonful three times daily, before 

meals. 
ACIDUM OLEICUM Oleic Acid. An acid from Fat. 

Yellowish liquid, s. g. 0.895 : insoluble in water, solu- 
ble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, benzin, fixed and 
volatile oils. 

Uses: To form Oleates with alkalies, metals and 
alkaloids. See Oleates. 

ACIDUM PHOSPHORICUM Phosphoric Acid. 85 per 
cent, absolute Orthophosphoric Acid. 

Syrupy liquid, s. g. 1.707, miscible in all proportions 
with water and alcohol. 
Uses: In preparation of Phosphates. 
ACIDUM PHOSPHORICUM DILUTUM -Diluted Phos- 
phoric Acid. 10 per cent, absolute acid. 

Uses: Tonic and stimulant to gastric mucous mem- 
brane. 

Dose: 2 Co., or 30 minims (diluted). 
ACIDUM SALIC YLICUM Salicylic Acid. Derived from 
natural Salicylates, such as Oil of Gaultheria, or 
produced synthetically from Phenol. 

Light, white, needles, or crystalline powder ; soluble iij 



6 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

308 parts water, 2 parts alcohol, also soluble in ether, 
chloroform or fixed oils. 

See also Methyl Salicylas, Oleum Betulse, Oleum Gaul- 
therise. 

Uses: Anti-rheumatic, antiseptic and germicide. 
Internally in powder, capsules, cachets; should not be 
massed or formed into pills, except when mixed with 
substances intended for slow intestinal action; also to 
form soluble salts with the alkalies. 

Salicylic Acid irritates the stomach, which may be 
avoided by administering the natural methyl saliry- 
late, Oleum Gaultherias, in capsules mixed with an 
espial volume of Oleum Amygdala 1 Expressum ( f> min- 
ims of each); or it may be applied externally by in- 
unction of a 10 or 20 per cent. Ointment of Lanolin. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 

Practically insoluble in water, the acid can not be 
administered in water or watery mixtures except when 
containing alcohol. See Elixir Acidi Salicylic!, N. I". 
It may lx> dissolved in oil and formed into an Emulsion. 
See Emulsa. Its salts with Alkalies are very soluble 
and us solution is thus readily made, but such are said 
to be less effective than the acid itself. 

To neutralize 10o parts Salicylic Acid requires <n 
parts Sodium Bicarbonate ; a solution containing 4 grs. 
(0.25) Salicylic Acid, or f> grs. (().:}) Sodium Salicylate 
to 4 fc. or 1 fiuidram would be formulated thus : 

R. Sodii blcarbonatis gr. Ix 41 

Acidi salicylic! gr. C 65 

Syrupi aurantii fl. 3x 40 

Aquae, q. s fl. 3xxv 100 

M. et ft, Solutio. 

Externally in Solution and as Dusting Powder. 
Pulvis Antiseptieus. X. F. 
Pulvis Talci Salicylicus. X. F. 
ACIDUM STEARICUM Stearie Acid An acid from 

Fat. 

ACIDUM SULPHURICUM Sulphuric Acid 92.5 per 
cent, absolute tLSO,,. 

Heavy, oily, corrosive liquid, s. g. 1.820 : miscible in all 
proportions with water and alcohol with evolution of heat. 
CATTION. In diluting, the acid should be added to the 
water or other diluent and not the reverse. 

Poison. Antidote: Alkalies in dilute solution, bland 

oils. 

ACIDUM SULPHURICUM AROMATICUM Elixir of 
Vitriol. 

Contains about 10 per cent, sulphuric acid in alcohol, 
with aromalics. 

Uses: Tonic, astringent; in night sweats of 
phthisis; to dissolve quinine, etc. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims, diluted with wat 
syrups, etc. 



iter, 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 7 

To control night-sweat: 

R. Atropinse sulphatis gr. 1/8 008 

Acidi sulphuric! aromatic! 

Syrupi. iia fl. 5iv 15 

Aquae, q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 j 

M. Sig. : Teaspoonful in half glass of water at bed- 
time. 

ACIDUM SULPHURICUM DILUTUM Diluted Sul- 
phuric Acid. 10 per cent. ELSO^ 

Uses: Tonic, astringent and refrigerant; to dis- 
solve quinine and other alkaloids. 

Dose: 2 Co., or 30 minims (diluted). 
ACIDUM SULPHUROSUM Sulphurous Acid. 6 per 
cent, absolute SO,. 

Liquid, s. g. 1.028. completely volatilized by heat. 
Uses: Bleaching agent; disinfectant: germicide by 
spraying or volatilizing in rooms; usually effected by 
burning sulphur, which see. Rarely internally; the 
sulphites used instead. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims (diluted). 
ACIDUM TANNICUM Tannic Acid. (Tannin) . 

Light, greenish-yellow crusts or powder, soluble in less 
than its weight in water or alcohol, in ."> parts glycerin. 

INCOMPATIBLE with : alkalies, lime solution, alkaloids, 
albumin, gelatin, starch, salts of antimony, copper, iron, 
lead, mercury : compounds of iodine, bromine, chlorine, 
nitrites permanganates, chlorates and other oxidizing 
agents ; forming insoluble compounds with alkaloids, it has 
been employed as Antidote in poison in;/. 

Uses: Astringent, styptic, hemostatic; internally 
in the form of pill, in Diarrhea (1 grain), for which 
the derivatives of albumin and similar organic com- 
pounds, tannigen, etc., are also used. Externally in 
1 to 10 per cent, solution in water, prepared most con- 
veniently extemporaneously from the fJlvcerite: 

To make, for example, Solutio Acidi Tannici, 5 per 
cent. : 

Glyceriti acidi tannici 3vi 2."> 

Aqme sterilatsp q. s. ad 3xxv 100 

Unguentum Acidi Tannici. U. S. 20 per cent. 
Collodium Stypticum, U. S. 20 per cent. 
Trochisci Acidi Tannici. U. S. O.Oli Cm. (1 grain). 

Dose: 0.5 fim., or T 1 ^ grains. 

ACIDUM TARTARICUM" Tartaric Acid. Obtained 
from Argol. 

Crystals or white powder, very soluble in water or 
alcohol, but not in ether (distinction from citric acid). 

Uses: Refrigerant, laxative; Pulvis Effervescens 
Com p. U. S.; to form tartrates and, with ammonia 
and alkalies, soluble iron compounds. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7 l / 2 grains. 



MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Acidum Tartaricum Saccharatum, X. F. For extempor- 
aneous preparation of Effervescent Powders, X F. 
ACIDUM TRICHLORACETICUM Trichloracetic Acid. 

White, deliquescent crystals, very soluble in water, 
alcohol or ether. 

Uses: Chiefly as a chemical reagent; astringent, 
escharotic, hemostatic; to remove warts and other 
skin blemishes, in 10 per cent, water solution; astrin- 
gent or hemostatic, 1 to 3 per cent, solution; must be 
used with care. 
ACONITINA Aconitine Alkaloid from Aconite. 

White crystals, producing in extreme dilution (1 in 3200) 
the tingling sensation of the fauces, characteristic of 
aconite. 

Uses: Cardiac sedative (see Aconitum) ; in the 
form of tablets, or tablet triturates (see X. F.). 
Dose: 0.00015 Gm. (0.15 milligram), or 1/400 grain. 

CAPTION. This is the most potent official article and 
must not be confounded with the so-called amorphous 
alkaloid ("Aconitia"), or the Eclectic "resinoid." 
ACONiTUM Root Aconitum Xapellus. Xot less than 
0.^ per cent. Aconitine. 

Uses: Cardiac and respiratory depressant, antipy- 
retic, diaphoretic and diuretic; externally anesthetic, 
in neuralgia, etc. 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Ti net. ura Aconiti, U. S. 10 per cent. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 

3 minims. 

CATTIOX. Tincture of Aconite formerly official was 35 
per cent, drug-strength, being, therefore, nearly four times 
as strong as the tincture now official. 

To avoid dispensing the tincture of the former strength, 
the Tincture of the U. S. P. VHIth (or 10 per cent.) 
should be specified. 
In acute stage of tonsillitis: 
R. Tincturse aconiti 

Sodii salicylatis. ft a 3j 4 

Spiritus aetheris nitrosi fl. 3iv ir> 

Syrupi aurantii florum fl. Sviii 30 

Aquae destillatse, q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 

M. Sig. : Teaspoonful every one or two hours. 
' Fluidextractum Aconiti, U. S. Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 
minim. 

Poison. Antidote: Evacuation of the stomach 
while in a recumbent position; artificial respiration; 
digitalis, stimulants and caffein administered. 
ADEPS ( Adipis ) Lard ( Axungia Porci) . 
ADEPS BENZOINATUS- Benzoinated Lard. 

Uses: Emollient, ointment -vehicle. Benzoinated 
lard, if properly prepared and protected against heat 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 

and the atmosphere, is sterile and should always be 
specified. 
ADEPS LANJE Wool Fat. The purified fat from 

sheep's wool. 

ADEPS LANJE HYDROSUS Hydrated Wool Fat 
''Lanolin." Wool fat mixed with 30 per cent, of 
water. 
Uses: Ointment- vehicle; see unguenta. 

A cholesterin, capable of absorbing more than its weight 
of water ; not saponified by alkalies and immune from 
rancidity, penetrating the skin and. therefore, preferable 
to animal or vegetable fats or oils as a vehicle for 
medicinal agents intended for systemic or constitutional 
effects. See Unguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Flavi, etc. 

AETHER Ether. 96 per cent, absolute Ether. 

Liquid, s. g.. 0.716. exceedingly volatile, inflammable. 

CAUTION. The vapors, two and one-half times as heavy 
as air, are dangerously explosive. 

Uses: Anodyne, sedative, antispasmodic, diaphor- 
etic, anthelmintic, cardiac and cerebral stimulant. 
Anesthetic: also in the form of mixtures; A. C. E. 
Alcohol 1, chloroform 2, ether 3 parts, by volume. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims; for anesthesia, about 
30 Cc. 

Spiritus .-Etheris, J. S. Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
Spiritus ^Etheris Compositus. U. S. (Hoffmann's 

Anodyne). Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram; with equal 
parts Tr. Opii Camphorata, to check diarrhea in hot 
weather. 

-STHER ACETICUS Acetic Ether. 90 per cent. 
Ethyl Acetate. 

Liquid, s. g. 0.883. volatile, agreeable odor. 
Uses: Stimulant, antispasmodic, as flavor. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 

^THYLIS CARBAMAS Ethyl Carbamate "Ure- 
thane." Ester of Carbamic Acid obtained by reac- 
tion of ethyl alcohol on Carbamide (urea) or "one of 
its salts. 

White, colorless crystals or scales, soluble in less than 
its weight of water, readily in other solvents. 

INCOMPATIBLE with : Alkalies, acids and most other 
chemicals.. 

Uses: Hypnotic, similar to paraldehycle, - but 
slightly analgesic; in powder or solution. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (in capsules). 
In insomnia of exhausting diseases: 

R. .-Ethylis carbamatis Sij 8 

Syrupi fl. 3iv 1 r> 

Aquae, q. s. ad fl. Sxxv 100 

M. Sig. : One or two leaspooufuls are required. 



10 MAXr.M, OK IMIAK.MACOPEIA 

JETHYLIS CHLORIDUM Ethyl Chloride. "Kelene." 

Highly volntile liquid s. g. (UHX; must be kept in hor- 
metically sealed glass-tubes; highly inflammable, should 
be kept 'removed from lights. 

Uses: Anesthetic; as an inhalant to produce anes- 
thesia, said to be more free from danger than ether, 
chloroform or their various mixtures. Externally, ns 
\ a solvent for medicinal agents intended for local ef- 
fects, i. e., Iodine, Phenol, Salicylic Acid, etc. 

Dose: To effect anesthesia, 15 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
ALCOHOL. 94.9 per cent, (vol.) absolute Ethyl Alco- 
hol. 

ALCOHOL ABSOLUTUM. 99 per cent, Ethyl Alcohol. 
ALCOHOL DILUTUM 48.9 per cent, absolute Ethyl 
Alcohol. Mixture of equal volumes of alcohol and 
distilled water. 

ALOE. (Aloe Barbadensis; A. Socotrina U. S. '90). 
Extract from leaves of Aloe vera and other species. 
ALOE PURIFICATA Purified Aloes. Aloes purified by 
melting and straining: in pieces or powder form. 
Uses: Cathartic; purgative in habitual constipa- 
tion, emmenagogue, anthelmintic. 

Dose: 0.25 dm., or 4 grains. 

Tinctura Aloes, U. 8. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Tinctura Aloes <-t Myrrliap. U. S. Dose: 2 Cc. 
Extractum Aloes. U. S. Dose: 0.125 Gin., or 2 grains. 
PiluUp Aloes, U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
PiluliE Aloes et Ferri, U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Pilula; Aloes et Mastiches. U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Pilula? Aloes et Myrrhs. U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 

Aloes enters in the following: 
Tinctura Antiperiodica. N. F. 

Tinctura. Ben/nini Composita. I'. S. Dose: 2 Co. 
Extraction Colocynthidis Compositum, U. S. Dose: 

0.5 C.m., or T 1 /-? grains. 

Pilule Pxliei Composite, U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Pilulfp Catharticse Compositae, U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Piluhr Catharticrc Vegetabiles. T T . S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Pilulfp: ad Prandium (Dinner Pills), Laxative, Quad- 

ruplices and Triplices, see N. F. 

Bile appears to increase the activity of aloes, and the 
formula given below is sugge'stive as a suitable form of 
administration: 
R. Aloes 

Fel. bovis insp. 

Saponis, a a grs. xx 1 

M. Ft. pil. No. ir. Sijr. : Tbroe al a dose. 
These may be coated with salol, to prevent their dis- 
integration in the stomach. 



AXD XATIO.VAL FOmfVLARV. 11 

ALOINUM Aloin. Neutral principle from Aloes. 

Lemon-yellow powder, or orange-colored crystals ; solu- 
ble in Of> parts water, in KX7."> alcohol. 

Uses: Same as Aloes; said to be less "griping." 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Pilulse Laxativae Composite, U. S. 
Pilulae Aloini Composite, N. F. 
ALTHEA Root of Althea officinalis. 
ALUMEN Alum. Aluminum and Potassium Sulphate. 

La rare, translucent crystals, or white powder : soluble in 
9 parts water, in 0.3 boiling water, freely soluble in warm 
glycerin ; insoluble in alcohol. 

Uses: Astringent, styptic, hemostatic; externally 
in solution: % to 1 per cent, as injection. The satu- 
rated solution in water contains about 10 per cent. 
Alum. 

Dcse: 0.5 Cm., or 8 grains (rarely internally). 
ALUMEN EXSICCATUM Exsiccated or "dried" Alum. 

Alum deprived of its water of crystallization by 

heating. 

White, granular powder : soluble in 17 parts of water 
and in 1.4 parts boiling water. It is nearly twice as 
strong as the cryslalized alum. 

Uses: Same as alum, but being anhydrous is bet- 
ter adapted to certain purposes. Externally as a dust- 
ing powder or in ointments. 
ALUMINI HYDROXIDUM (Alumini Hydras, U. S. 

'90) . "Aluminum Hydrate." 
ALUMINI SULPHAS Aluminum Sulphate. 

Crystalline powder, or in crystals or pencils. 

Uses: Caustic, astringent (in pencils). 

AMMONII BENZOAS Ammonium Benzoate. 

White flakes, or crystalline powder ; soluble in 10.5 
parts water, in l2.~> parts alcohol. 

Uses: Anti-rheumatic, diuretic, similar to other 
Benzoates. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains; in solution or liquid 
mixtures. 
AMMONII BROMIDUM Ammonium Bromide. 

Transparent crystals, or white crystalling powder ; 
soluble in 1.2 parts water, in 12.5 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Motor-depressant, sedative. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains; in powder, capsule or 
solution. 
Elixir Ammonii Bromidi, X. F. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fiuidram. 

AMMONII CARBONAS Ammonium Carbonate. Mix- 
ture of acid carbonate and ammonium carbamate. 



12 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

White, internally translucent, masses; soluble in 4 parts 
Aval or: decomposed by heat. 

Uses: Cardiac and respiratory stimulant; expec- 
torant, usually in liquid mixtures. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Liquor Ammonii Acetatis, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 

fluidrams. 
Spiritus Ammoniae Aromaticus, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims (diluted). 
Mistura Pectoralis (Stokes), N. F. 
Expectorant in catarrhal pneumonia: 

R. Olei terehinthinae fl. 311 8| 

Ammonii carbonatis 5Si 8 

Acacia;, sacchan ana 3iv 10 

Aqua 3 , q. s. ad 3xxv 100 

M. secunduni artem. Sig. : Teaspoonful in water every 
four hours. 

AMMONII CHLORIDUM Ammonium Chloride (Muri- 
ate of Ammonia ) . 

White, crystalline powder, obtained by purifying sa! 
ammoniac: soluble in 1* parts water, 1 part boiling water, 
50 parts alcohol and 5 parrs glycerin. 

Uses: Cholagogue; stimulant, expectorant, addition 
to cough mixtures, i. e., Mistura Glycyrrhizse Comp., 
U. S. Externally: Saturated solution to reduce swell- 
ing and discoloration due to contusion of the skin. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 8 grains. 

Mistura Ammonii Chloridi, X. F. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 
fluidrams. 

AMMONII IODIDUM Ammonium Iodide. 

Colorless crystals, or white granular powder ; on ex- 
posure rapidly becoming colored and acquiring an iodine 
odor ; soluble in 0.6 parts water in 9 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Alterative; rarely internally; externally in 
"Tinctura lodi Decolorata," N. F. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

AMMONII SALICYLAS Ammonium Salicylate. 

Colorless prisms, or white crystalline powder; soluble 
in 0.9 parts water, in 2.3 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Similar to other salicylates; regarded as less 
depressing. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

AMMONII VALERAS Ammonium Valerate (Ammonii 

Valerianas, U. S. '90). 

Colorless, or opaque plates, very soluble in water and 
alcohol ; deliquescent, losing ammonia. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, anti-hysteric. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 8 grains. 
Elixir Ammonii Valeratis, N. F. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 13 

AMYGDALA AMARA Bitter Almond. 
AMYGDALA DULCIS Sweet Almond. 
AMYLIS NITRIS Amyl Nitrite. 80 per cent. 

Liquid, s. g. 0.805, exceedingly volatile, insoluble in 
water, miscible in all proportions with alcohol and ether. 

Uses: Motor depressant; palliative in angina pec- 
toris, in the form of glass pearls, usually containing 
0.3 Cc. (5 minims), to be crushed in a handkerchief 
and the vapor inhaled. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims (or one pearl). 
AMYLUM Starch. Corn Starch. 

White powder, or masses ; insoluble in water ; soluble in 
boiling water. 

Uses: Externally; dusting powder, paste. 
Glyceritum Amyli, U. S. 10 per cent. 
See Pasta Dermatologica. N. F. 
ANISUM Fruit Pimpinella Anisum. 
ANTHEMIS Flowerheads Anthemis nobilis. 
ANTIMONII ET POTASSII TARTRAS Tartar Emetic, 
Crystals, or white granular powder, soluble in 15.5 
parts water, insoluble in alcohol. 

Uses: Expectorant; in large doses emetic. 
Dose: Expectorant: 0.005, equal to 5 mg., or 1/10 
grain. Emetic 0.03 Gm., or y s grain. 
Vinum Antimonii, U. S. (0.4 per cent.). Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
Syrupus Scillae Compositus, U. S. (0.2 per cent.). 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

ANTIPYRINA Antipyrine Phenyldimethyl - pyra- 
zolon. Methylated derivative of phenyl-hydrazine, 
condensed w r ith aceto-acetic ether. 
Colorless, crystalline powder, or crystals, readily solu- 
ble in water, alcohol and chloroform. This and Resor- 
cinol are the only so-called coal-tar products readily solu- 
ble in water. 

CAUTION. Ueadily decomposed by reagents ; it is incom- 
patible with most chemical substances, forming with mix- 
tures containing Nitrous Ether, a poisonous compound. 
It should, therefore, preferably be prescribed by itself in 
powder, cachets or capsules. 

Uses: Antipyretic, analgesic and local anesthetic. 
Externally in 4 per cent, solution in coryza, pharyn- 
gitis, etc. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
To relieve pain in neuralgia : 

R. Antipyrinse 3i 4 

Potassii bromidi 3i 4 

Caffeinse citratae gr. xii 8 

M. Divide in cachetas No. x. Sig. : One cachet every 
four hours. 
CAUTION: As with acetanilide and phenacetin. 



14 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

APOCYNUM Rhizome of Apocynum cannabinum. 

Uses: Diuretic, diaphoretic, cardiac stimulant. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidex tract urn Apocyni, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
APOMORPHIN^E HYDROCHLORIDUM Apomorphine 

Hydrochloride. Alkaloid prepared from Morphine. 

Grayish-white prisms, acquiring a greenish tint upon 
exposure to light and air : soluble in 39.5 parts water, 
38.2 parts alcohol, sparingly in chloroform and ether. 

Uses: Expectorant and emetic; hypodermatically to 
produce prompt evacuation. 

Doses: Expectorant: 0.002 Cm., equal to 2 mg., or 

1/30 grain. Emetic 0.005 Cm., equal to 5 mg., or 

1/10 grain. 

AQUA Water H 2 0. Potable water in its purest at- 
tainable state. 

The following adjectives are used in prescriptions: 

At/an' jmr<r; A. fontana\ fountain; .4. 

rain; A. frigidd'. cold: A. fcrri<1<r, hot: A. 

boiling; .4. stcrilalrr, sterile. 
AQUA AMMONIJE Ammonia Water. 10 per cent. 

XH 3 . 
AQUA AMMONITE FORTIOR Stronger Ammonia 

Water. 28 per cent. XH,. 

AQIL& MEDICATJE MEDICATED WATERS. 
Solutions of volatile oils, or other volatile principles, 
in water; with one exception they are saturated solu- 
tions. 

Uses: Chiefly as adjuvants. 

AQUA AMYGDALAE AMARJE Bitter Almond Oil 1 

Cc. in 1,000 Cc. 

Uses: Palliative sedative; flavor. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
AQUA ANISI Oil of Anise 2 Cc. in 1,000 Cc. 

Uses: Aromatic adjuvant. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
AQUA AURANTII FLORUM Equal volume of stronger 

orange flower water and distilled water. 

Uses: As flavor (Syrupus Calci Lactophosphatis). 
AQUA CAMPHORS Containing Camphor 8 Gm. in 

1,000 Cc., or about 3y 2 Drains in 1 fluid ounce. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, sedative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidran?s (about 1 gr. camphor). 
AQUA CHLOROFORMI. Saturated solution of chloro- 
form; about 5 parts in 1,000. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 15 

Uses: Sedative, adjuvant, addition to mixtures, 
as a solvent for alkaloidal salts; preservative. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams (containing about 1 
minim chloroform). 

AQUA CINNAMOMI. Containing oil of cinnamon, 2 Cc. 
in 1,000 Cc. 

Uses: Aromatic adjuvant, carminative. 
Dose: 16 Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. 

AQUA CREOSOTL Containing creosote. 1 in 100 Cc. 
Uses: To prevent nausea; in tuberculosis. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams (containing about 1 
minim) . 
AQUA DESTILL AT A Distilled Water. 

Only when freshly prepared and properly preserved is 
it sterile. Distilled water should not be relied on for 
sterile water, but the water or solution made with it 
should he ordered sterilizcrf. 

AQUA FOENICULL Containing oil of fennel, 2 in 1,000 
Cc. 

Uses: Carminative, aromatic adjuvant. 
Dose: 16 Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. 

AQUA HAMAMELIDIS Witch Hazel Water (Distilled 
extract witch hazel). 

A saturated solution of the volatile principles of the 
witchhazel bark, obtained by distillation with water and 
addition of 15 per cent, (vol.) alcohol. 

Uses: Externally; astringent, antiseptic; rarely 
internally. 

Dose: ' 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidram*. 

AQUA HYDROGENII DIOXIDI Peroxide of Hydrogen. 
o per cent. H.O,. 

A saturated solution of H 2 O 2 in water, yielding 10 
times its volume of available oxygen. 

Uses: Antiseptic, deodorant; as injection, douche, 
spray, etc.: rarely internally. 
Dose 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

Of uniform strength (if properly kept in a cool placiM 
and well-known composition, the official preparation should 
be given preference over the many proprietary articles 
which under trade-names have been introduced to the laity 
for self-medication as cure-alls. 

AQUA MENTH-ffi PIPERIT^E. Containing oil of pep- 
permint, 2 in 1,000 Cc. 
Uses: Aromatic stimulant, carminative. 
Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams (containing about ^ 
min. oil). 

AQUA MENTHJE VIRIDIS. Containing oil of spear- 
mint, 2 in 1 .000 Cc. 

AQUA ROSJE Stronger rose water and distilled water, 
equal volumes. 



16 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Uses: Flavor, adjuvant in iron preparations. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Aqua Sedativa, N. F. Lotio Ammoniacalis Camphorata 

Codex). Amm. water, 12.5 Cc.; spirit camphor, 1.2 

Cc.; sodium chloride, 6.5 Gm., in water, to 100 (V. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, sedative and diaphoretic; 
externally. 
ARGENTI CYANIDUM Silver Cyanide. AgCN. 

Uses: For preparing Acidum Hydrocyanicum Di- 
lutum, U. S. 
ARGENTI NITRAS Silver Nitrate. AgX0 3 . 

Transparent, tabular crystals, soluble in 0.54 parts 
water, in 24 parts alcohol. Decomposed by organic matter, 
being reduced and assuming a gray color, it should be kept 
free from contact with organic substances ; the crystals 
should be kept in glass-stoppered containers. 

Solutions should be prepared with pure and sterile dis- 
tilled water and kept in glass-stoppered bottles, which 
need not be of colored glass if they are not exposed to 
strong light, or direct sunlight. 

Uses: Externally: caustic, antiseptic, germicide. 
Internally, powerful astringent; pill form, made into 
trituration with kaolin and massed with petrolatum. 

CAT-TIOX. Its continued use internally is liable to effect 
coloration of the Skin. 

Dose: 0.01 Cm., or 1/5 grain (in pill form only). 



Argenti nitratis gr. ii 



Kaolin! gr. xv 1 

Petrolati, q. s. 
Fiant pilula? No. x. 
Silver Iodide has been used in the form of an emulsion 
of the freshly prepared salt as follows: 

R. Argenti nitratis 

Potassii iodid, aa grs. xxxiii 22 

Mucilaginis chondri N. F fl. 3vi 2."] 

Aquae dest., q. s. ad fl. giii 100 1 

M. Sig. : Use as an injection. 

To obtain a finely divided precipitate the potassium 
iodide is dissolved in all of the water and crystals of 
silver nitrate are added gradually, slinking well after 
each addition; when the silver nitrate is dissolved, add 
the mucilage and shake thoroughly once more. The re- 
sulting mixture will represent approximately 3 per cent, 
of silver iodide. The strength may be increased or de- 
creased as desired. 

Poison. Antidote: Sodium Chloride, forming the 
insoluble silver chloride. 

ARGENTI NITRAS FUSUS Moulded Silver Nitrate 
(Lunar Caustic). 
Silver nitrate fused with 4 per cent. HOI, and moulded 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 17 

Into pencils: containing about 5 per cent, silver chloride, 
and therefore less liable to break into pieces. 

Uses: As a caustic. Stains may be removed by the 
application of a 1 per cent, solution Potassium Cy- 
anide (Caution). 

ARGENTI NITRAS MITIGATUS Mitigated Caustic. 

33 per cent. AgX0 3 . 

Silver Nitrate, fused with twice its weight of Potas- 
sium Nitrate and molded into pencils. 

Uses: When a modified caustic effect is desired. 
ARGENTI OXIDUM Silver Oxide. AgA 

Heavy, dark-brown powder, insoluble in neutral liquids. 

CAUTION. Explosive by concussion. 

Uses: Astringent; internally. 

Dose: 0.065, equal to 65 mg.. or 1 grain; in pill 
form. 
ARNICA Flowers Arnica montana. 

Uses: Rarely internally; externally. 

Dose: 1 Cm'., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Arnicse, U. S. 

ARSENI IODIDUM Arsenous Iodide AsI 3 . Contain- 
ing not loss than 82.7 per cent. Iodine and 16.3 per 

cent. Arsenic (metallic). 

Orange-red, crystalline powder, soluble in 12 parts 
water and in about 28 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Alterative. 

Dose: 0.005 dm., equal to 5 mg., or 1/10 grain. 
Liquor Arseni et Hydrargyri lodidi, U. S. Dose: 0.1 

Cc., or I'/, minims. 
ARSENI TRIOXIDUM A s,( ) ;( . ( Acidum Arsenosum 

Arsenous Acid, U. S. '00). 

White powder, or in heavy masses, sparingly soluble in 
water (from 30 to 100 part's), sparingly in alcohol; solu- 
ble in 5 parts of glycerin and readily in acids and alkalies. 

Uses: Stimulant to the digestive, cardiac and nerv- 
ous systems. Externally, violent caustic. 

Dose: 0.002 Cm., equal to 2 mg., or 1/30 grain. 

Poison. Antidote: See Ferri Hydroxidum cum 
Magnesii Oxido. 
Liquor Acidi Arsenosi, U. S. (1 per cent.). Dose: 0.2 

Cc., or 3 minims. 
Liquor Arseni et Hydrargyri lodidi, U. S. (1 per 

cent.). Dose: 0.1 Cc., or }y 2 minims. 
Liquor Potassii Arsenitis, U. S. (1 per cent.). Dose: 

0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Liquor Sodii Arsenatis, U. S. (1 per cent.). Dose: 

0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

The four official solutions are all 1 per cent, strength, 
in conformity with the strength of the arsenical solutions 



18 MAN TAT. OF PHARMACOPEIA 

of all the principal pharmacopeias as adopted by the Inter- 
national Conference for the Unification of Potent Remedies. 
1001'. 
Liquor Auri et Arscni Bromidi, X. F. Dose: 0/2 ( '<.. 

or 3 minims. 
Liquor Potassii Arsenatis et Bromidi, N. F. Dose: 

0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Filul;r Alcfallorum, N. F. 
In clilorosis, in connection with iron: 

R. Massae ferri carbonatis 3i 4 1 

Arseni trioxidi zr. i !(>." 

M. et div. in pil No. xl. Si.?. : One pill three or four 
times a day. 
Tonic after exhausting disease: 

R. Arseni trioxidi ST. ss 03 

Kxtracti nucis vomira 1 gr. x 00 

Quininff 1 hvdrochloridi pr. xx 1 il'.o 

M. et fiant nilulfe No. xx. Sis*. : One pill after meals. 
ASAFCETIDA. Gum resin from Ferula foetida. 

Mass of about equal parts of. resin and volatile oil 
soluble in alcohol and a sum soluble in water. 
* Uses: Antispasmodic, cathartic, antiseptic. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains (chiefly in pill). 
Kmulsum Asafetidjp. U. S. (4 per cent.). Dose: 10 

Co., or 4 fluidrams. 
Tinctura Asafetidas U. S. (20 per cent.). Dose: 1 

Cc., or 1.") minims. 

Piluhe As.ifetidw, U. S. Dose: 2 pills. 
Pilule Aloes et Asafetid;t\ X. F. 
ASPIDIUM Rhizome Dryopteris Filix-mas. 

Uses: Teniafuge: said to be more effective in ex- 
pelling the Bothriocephalus than the Tsi>nm. 
Oleoresiua Aspidii. U. S. Dose: 4 Cm., divided in 4 

doses, followed by a purgative. 
ATROPINA Alkaloid from Atropa Belladonna. 

While prisms: soluble in 4.10 parts water (1 gr. to 
1 f). o'/..), l.r>4 parts ali-ohol. 1. r><; parts chloroform and 
in 10.0 parts ether. 

Uses: Narcotic, anodyne, mvdriatic. 
Poison. See Belladonna. 

Dose: 0.0004 Cm., equal to 0.4 mg., or 1/100 grain. 
Oleatum Atropiiur. I'. S. 
ATROPINJE SULPHAS Atropine Sulphate. 

White, crystalline powder, needles, or prisms; very 
soluble in water (O.MS parts), in .>.7 parts alcohol, prac- 
tice lly insoluble in ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Same as Atropine. For preparing solutions. 

Dose: 0.0004 Cm., equal to 0.4 mg.. or 1/100 grain. 

AURANTII AMARI CORTEX. Rind of Citrus vulganX 

AURANTII DULCIS CORTEX Fresh rind of Citrus 

Aurantium. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. A 9 

AURI ET SODII CHLORIDUM Double Chloride Gold 

and Sodium. Mixture of equal parts of anhydrous 

gold chloride and sodium chloride. 

Orange-yellow powder, deliquescent, very soluble in 
water. 

Uses: Alterative, tonic and stimulant to the diges- 
tive system. 

Dose: 0,005 Gm., equal to 5 rag., or 1/10 grain (in 
pill). 
BALSAMUM PERUVIANUM Balsam from Toluifera 

Pereirae. 

Thick, dark brown liquid, s. g. 1.14. completely soluble 
in absolute alcohol, chloroform and glacial acetic acid: 
...-irtially soluble in alcohol 5 parts and in ether: very 
sparingly ia water. 

Uses: Antiseptic, stimulant, expectorant; exter- 
nally in ointments. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Mistura Oleo-Balsamica, N. F. 
BALSAMUM TOLUTANUM Balsam from Toluifera 

Balsamum. 

Yellowish-brown, plastic mass, readily soluble in alcohol, 
chloroform and ether : very sparingly in water. 

Uses: Stimulating, expectorant, antiseptic. 

Dose: 1 Gin., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Tolutana, U. S. (20 per cent.). Dose: 2 Cc.. 

or 30 minims. 
Syrupus Tolutanus, U. S. (5 per cent Tr.). Dose: 16 

Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. 
Tinctura Benzoini Composita. U. S. 
Balsamum Traumaticum, X. V. Turlington's (Friar's) 

Balsam. Tr. Benzoini Comp. u*. S.. is a simplified 

form of this preparation. 
BELLADONNA FOLIA Leaves of Atropa Belladonna. 

0.3 per cent. Alkaloids. 

Uses: Narcotic, anodyne, mydriatic, and internally 
to check excessive secretion; as corrective in purga- 
tives. Externally in hemorrhoids; suppositories; oint- 
ments. 

Poison. Antidote: Evacuation by syphon or emetic, 
tannic acid: physiologic antidote, physostigmine sul- 
phate 0.002 (1/32 grain). 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Tinctura Belladonna? Folioruni, U. S. (10 per cent.). 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Extractum Belladonna? Foliorum, U, S. Dose: 0.010 

Gm.. equal 10 mg., or 1/5 grain. 
Emplustrum Belladonna. T. S. (Av. 0.4 per cent. 

mydriatic alkaloids). 



20 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Unguentum Belladonna?, U. S. (10 per cent, extract). 
Pilulae Aloini, Strychnine et Belladonna? Compositae, 

N. F. 

The following is a common method of exhibiting bella- 
donna, particularly in asthma : 
R. Tincturae belladonnse i'ol. 

Tinctura^ lobeliae, aa Sliss 10 

fejnritus setheris nitrosi, q. s. ad Siii 100 

M. Sig : A teaspoonful every hour or two until re- 
lief is obtained. 

BELLADONNA RADIX Root of Atropa Belladonna. 
0.45 per cent. Alkaloids. 

Uses: Same as Belladonna Leaves, which see. 
Dose: 0.065 Cm., or 1 grain. 
Fluidextractum Belladonnae Radicis, U. S. Dose: 0.05 

Cc., or 1 minim. 
Linimentum Belladonnae, U. S. 
BBNZALDEHYDUM Aldehyde produced artificially, or 

obtained naturally, from Oil of Bitter Almond. 
BENZINUM Petroleum Benzin. 

BENZINUM PURIFICATUM "Deodorized Benzin." 
BENZOINUM Benzoin. Balsamic resin from Styrax 
Benzoin. 

Mass, or whitish tears, agglutinated with resin ; soluble 
in 5 parts alcohol, very sparingly in water. 

Uses: Stimulating, expectorant, rarely internally; 
externally, antiseptic; added to boiling water as inhal- 
ant to promote bronchial secretion; in form of lotion 
in skin affections. May be formed into emulsion by 
mixing the tincture with an equal volume of honey 
and adding the water in small quantities, shaking 
after each addition. 

Dose: 1 Cm., or 15 grains. 
Tinetura Benzoini, U. S. (20 per cent). Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
Tinetura Benzoini Composita, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 
As a mouth wash : 

H- Tiricturge benzoini composite. ... fl. 3iv. 15 

Liquoris antiseptic} fl. gij fio 

M. Sig.: Apply to gurus with camel's-hair pencil. 
BENZOSULPHINIDUM Saccharin. Anhydride of or- 
tho-sulphamide-benzoic acid. 

White, crystalline powder, soluble in 250 parts water. 25 
parts alcohol, sparingly iu ether and chloroform. Forms 
salts with alkalies which are soluble in water. 

Uses: As a substitute for sugar to sweeten various 
preparations and food articles intended for diabetic 
patients. 

CAUTION. Since it is an antiseptic, retarding the 



AND NATIONAL FORMI'LAKY. 21 

digestive processes, it is not recommended, and should be 
used, if at all. with rare. 

Dose: 0.200 Cm., or 3 grains. 
Liquor Saccharini, X. F., as an adjuvant. 

BERBERIS Rhizome and roots Berboris Aquifolium 
and other species. 

Uses: Tonic, stimulant, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 2 Gm.. or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Berberidis, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

BETANAPHTHOL (Xaphthol '90) . Monatomic phe- 
nol, occurring in coal-tar, or prepared from Naph- 
thalene. 

Pale, buff-colored scales, or yellowish-white crystalline 
powder: soluble in '.'."o parts 'water, readily in alcohol, 
el her, chloroform and alkalies. 

Uses: Antiseptic, internally and externally. 
Dose: 0.250 Cm., or 4 grains (in capsule. 
Liquor Zinci et Alumini Composites. N. F. 
Liquor Zinci et Ferri Compositus, N. F. 
Betanaphthol and bismuth subnitrate or subcarbonate 
may be combined somewhat as follows: 

R. Bismuthi subnitratis 3i 4 

Betanaphthol gr. xv 1 

M. Sis;. : To be made into ten powders, one being 
given every two hours in diarrhea and with foul smelling 
feces. 

R. Bismuthi suhnitratis oiiss 10| 

Betanaphthol 3ss 2[ 

Syrupi acaripp 3iss 50| 

Aqua? camphors, q. s. ad *iii 100 1 

One teaspoonful to be given, after shaking, every two 
hours. 
BISMUTHI CITRAS. Representing about 00 per cent. 

Bismuth Oxide. 

BISMUTHI ET AMMONII CITRAS Ammonio-Citrate 
of Bismuth. 

Pearly scales, very soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Astringent; in diarrhea when no acute in- 
flammation is present. 

Dose: 0.125 Cm., or 2 grains. 

Liquor Bismuthi. N. F. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Bismuthi Oxidum Hydratum, N. F. Hydrated Oxide of 
Bismuth. For preparing Cremor Bismuthi. by trit- 
urating 20 Cm. of this powder with 80 Cc. of Water. 
Uses: Similar to the subnitrate. 

BISMUTHI SUBCARBONAS. Representing about 90 
per cent. Bismuth Oxide. 
White powder, ir^olub'e in neutral solvents. 
Uses: Practically identical with the subnitrate. 
The insoluble compounds of bismuth should be ad- 



22 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ministered either in liquid mixtures, ordered to be 
"well shaken," or dry: powders, capsules or cachets. 
They should never be massed or formed into pills, as 
tlioy are liable to form hard, insoluble masses. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 

BISMUTHI SUBGALLAS. Similar to "Dermatoi." 
Bright-yellow powder, insoluble in neutral solvents. 
Uses: Absorbent, astringent dressing or dusting 
powder; seldom internally, in diarrhea. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm.. or 4 grains, in caspule or cachet. 
For diarrhea: 

R. lodoformi gr. xxv 1|<5 

(ruaiacolis carbonntis 3i 4 

Bismuthi subgallatis 3i 4| 

M. Divide in cachetas No. xxv. Sig. : One cachet 
every four hours. 

BISMUTHI SUBNITRAS. Representing about 80 per 
cent. Bismuth Oxide. 

White powder, practically insoluble in neutral solvents. 
Uses: Astringent, sedative and protective to the 
mucous membrane; internally for affections of the 
digestive tract; externally as a Dusting Powder with 
starch. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7V 3 grains. 

A typical prescription for gastric irritation or ulcer 
is as follows: 

R. Rismuthi subnitvatis grs. cl 10| 

Mucilaginis acacia? 3xii 50 

Aqufp cinnamomi. q. s. ad 5iii 100 

M. Sig. : Shake well and take one or two teaspoonfuls 
three or four times a day. 

BISMUTHI SUBSALICYLAS. Representing about 62 
per cent. Bismuth Oxide. 

Whitish powder, nractically insoluble in neutral solvents. 
Uses: Intestinal antiseptic, astringent and sedative. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains, in capsule or cachet. 
Boroglycerinum, N. F. Glyceryl Borate, Boroglyceride. 
By reaction of Boric Acid and Glycerin. 

Semi-solid, translucent mass, soluble in water and 
glycerin. 

See Glyceritum Boroglycerini. U. S. 
BROMOFORMUM Bromoform. 

Heavy liquid, s. g., 2.808. resembling chloroform, very 
slightly soluble in water, but soluble in all proportions in 
alcohol, ether, fixed and volatile oils and in 80 parts 
glycerin. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, sedative; chiefly in whoop- 
ing-cough in solution. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 23 

H. Bromoformi m. Ixxx 

Alcoholis 
Glyccrini 

Aqua- amygdala? amara\ fifi 3iv 15 

M. Sig.: One-half to one teaspoonful. 
BROMUM Bromine. Br. 

Heavy, dark, brownish-red liquid, s. g., 3.0, evolving 
Irritating suffocating fumes. 

CAUTION. Should be handled with great care. 
Uses: As a reagent. 

Liquor Bronii, X. F. (Smith's Solution of Bromine). 
BUCHU Leaves of Bnrosma betulina. 

Uses: Diuretic, diaphoretic, stimulant, tonic. 
Dose: 2 Cm., or 30 p rains. 
Fluidextractum Buchu, U. S. Dose: 2 Co., or 30 

minims. 
Elixir Buchu: Elixir Buchu Comp. ; Elixir Buchu et 

Potassii Acetatis. X. F. 

CAFFEINA Thein. Alkaloid from Thea sinensis, or 
Coffea arabica. . 

White silky needles in fleecy masses, soluble in 4.~i.P> 
parts water, in r.3.:.' parts alcohol, in 37.~ parts ether and 
in 8 parts chloroform : its solubility is increased by bro- 
mides, benzoates and salicylates of the alkalies. 

Uses: Cardiac and cerebral stimulant, diuretic: in 
nervous headache, heart failure, cardiac dropsy, neu- 
ral sria. 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain, in powder, capsule. 
Caffeine Sodio-Benzoas. X. !'. 
Caffeinae Sodio-Salicylas, X. F. 
Elixir Caffeine. X. F. 
CAFFEINA CITRATA Citrated Caffeine. 

Mixture of equal parts Caffeine' and CitrU Acid, soluble 
in about 2." parts water. 
Uses: See CafTeina. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm.. or 2 grains. 

CAFFEINA CITRATA EFFERVESCENS. Effervescent 
granular salt, containing about 4 per cent. Caffeine. 
Uses: See CafTeina. 

Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains (containing about 2 grs. 
Caffeine). 
Pulvis Potassii Bromidi Effervescens cum Caffeina, 

N. F. 

Caffeinae Sodio-Benzoas, X. F. Caffeine Sodio-Benzoate. 
Powder consisting of equal parts of Caffeine and 
Sodium Benzoate ; soluble in water. ~ parts. 
Uses: Cerebral and cardiac stimulant. 
Dose: 0.2 Gm.. or 3 grains; in powder, capsules or 
in effervescent combination. 



24 MAXt'AL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Caffeinae Scdio-Salicylas, X. F. Caffeine and Sodium 

Salicylate, each equal parts. 

Uses: Antirheumatic (hypodennically). 

Dose: 0.2 Gnu, or :i grains. 
CALAMUS. Unpeeled rhizome Acorus Calamus. 

Uses: Aromatic, stomachic. 

Dose: 1 Gm.. or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Calami, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 

minims. 

CALCII BROMIDUM Calcium Bromide. 

White, jrranular salt, deliquescont. soluble in 0.." part 
water and in 1 part alcohol. 

Uses: Similar to other Bromides; in epilepsy, hys- 
teria. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Elixir Calcii Bromidi, N. F. 

CALCII CARBONAS PRJECIPITATUS Precipitated 

Calcium Carbonate. 

Fine white powder, practically insoluble in water. 

Uses: Antacid; in diarrheal conditions; also exter- 
nally. 

Dose: 1 Gm.. or 15 grains. 
Fnguentum Sulphuris Compositum. X. F. 

CALCII CHLORIDUM. Calcium Chloride, rendered an- 
hydrous by fusing. 

CALCII HYPOPHOSPHIS Calcium Hypophosphite. 

Pearl-colored son IPS. or white granules, soluble in 0.5 
parts water, insoluble in alcohol. 

Uses: Reconstructive tonic: in phthisis, defective 
nutrition of nervous and bone tissue. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7'/, grains. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum Compositus, U. S. Dose: 

8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Hypophosphitibus, U. S. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Flixir Calcii Hypophosphitis. N. F. 
Liquor Hypophosphitum. X. F. 
Liquor Hypophosphitum C'omp.. X. F. 
Syrupus Calcii Hypophosphitis. X. F. 
Syrup Calcii et Sodii Hypophosphitum, X. F. - 
CALCII PHOSPHAS PRJECIPITATUS. Precipitated 

Calcium Phosphate. 

Uses: In preparing the following: 
Svrupns Calcii Chlorhydrophosphatis, X. F. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhua? cum Calcii Phosphate, X. F. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 25 

CALCII SULPHAS EXSICCATUS. Dried Gypsum or 
Plaster Paris. 

Fine white powder, forming with an equal weight of 
water a smooth paste which rapidly hardens. 

Uses: For preparing plaster paris jacket or band- 
age. 

CALENDULA. Florets of Calendula officinalis. 

Tinctura Calendula?, U. S. Fluidextractum, N. F. 
CALUMBA. Root of Jateorrhiza palmata. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, stomachic; in dyspepsia asso- 
ciated with dilute Hydrochloric Acid. 

Dose: 2 Gin., or 30 grains. 

Tinctura Calumbsp, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Caluuiba\, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
Calumba may be combined with iron: 

R. Flext. calumbae 3iv 15 1 

Tr. ferri citrochloridi. N. F 3ii 8| 

Klixir aromatici. q. s. ad 3xxv 10U| 

M. Sig. : One teaspoonful 1 hour after meals. 

CALX Lime Calcium Oxide CaO. Prepared by cal- 
cination; when anhydrous should contain not less 
than 90 per cent. Calcium Oxide. 

Hard, white masses from which the air should be ex- 
cluded : with water "slakes" or forms Calcium Hydroxide; 
soluble in TOO parts water, .much less soluble in boiling 
water (1000). 

Uses: Medicinally as an antacid, chiefly as: 
Liquor Calcis, U. S. Dose: 1G Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Syrupis Calcis, T. S. Linimentum Calcis, U. S. 

CALX CHLORINATA (Calx Chlorata '90) Chlorinated 
Lime. "Chloride" of Lime. Containing not less than 
30 per cent, available Chlorine. 
Uses: Disinfectant, deodorant. 

Liquor Soda? Chlorinata, U. S. 

Liquor Potassa? Chlorinata, X. F. 

CALX SULPHURATA Sulphurated Lime, improperly 
called "Calcium Sulphide." [Mixture of 60 per cent. 
Calcium Sulphide with Calcium Sulphate and Car- 
bon. 

Grayish-white powder, decomposing by liberation of 
Hydrogen Sulphide when exposed to moist air ; slightly 
soluble in cold water, readily in boiling water, which de- 
composes it. 

Uses: Antiseptic, alterative, antipyretic; exter- 
nally in solution; see below. 

Dose: O.OOo Gm., or 1 grain; in powder or capsule; 
should not be massed or formed in pills. 
Liquor Calcis Sulphurata?, N. F. 



26 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

CAMBOGIA Gamboge. Gum resin from Garcinia Han- 

burii. 

Uses: llydragogue cathartic, in constipation. 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 
Pilulae Catharticae Composite. U. S. 

Camphor-Menthol, N. F. Camphor and Menthol. Solu- 
tion produced by liquefaction of equal parts of 

Camphor and Menthol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, deodorant; local application. 
Solution from 1 to 4 per cent, in Liquid Petrolatum, 

as a spray in rhinitis, pharyngitis, etc. 

CAMPHORA Camphor. Ketone from Cinnamomum 
Camphora. 

White masses of crystalline structure, very sparingly 
soluble in water, readily in alcohol, ether, chloroform, fixed 
and volatile- oils. Triturated in about molecular propor- 
tions with Menthol. Thymol, Phenol or Ilydrated Chloral, 
liquefaction ensues. 

Uses: Antiseptic, analgesic, carminative, diaphor- 
etic, expectorant, stimulant and sedative. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm.. or 2 grains. 

For hypodermatic use the liniment, a 20 per cent, so- 
lution of camphor in cottonseed oil, diluted with an equal 
volume of olive oil (1 Cc. or 1C minims will contain 0.1 
or 1 % grains camphor) may be employed if sterile. 

Aqua Camphors, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Spiritus Camphorae. U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 16 minims. 
Tinctura Opii Camphorata, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 

Lini men turn Camphora 3 . U. S. 
Linimentum Saponis. U. S. 
Coratum Camphora?, U. S. 
Mistura Camphora* Acida. N. F. 
Mistura Camphora? Aromatica. N. F. 
Camphor-Menthol. N. F. Chloral Camphoratum. X. F. 
Cera turn Camphorae Compositum. N. F. 
Pilulae Opii et Camphors?, X. F. 
Emplastrum Fuscum Camphoratum, N. F. 
Linimentum Saponato-Camphoratum, N. F. 
Unguentum Camphorae, N. F. 

CAMPHORA MONOBBROMATA Monobromated Cam- 
phor. Substitution product of Camphor. 
Prismatic needles or scales, almost insoluble in water, 
readily soluble in other solvents. 

Uses: Antineuralgic, antispasmodic, sedative, spo- 
rific. 

Dose: 0.125 (!m.. or 2 grains; in powder, capsule or 
pill form. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 27 

R. Acetanilidi gr. x |6 

Camphora? monobrornatse 3i 4| 

Caffeinse citrate gr. v 

M. et fiant chnrtulae No. x. Si.^. one powder every 

t\vo to four nours until relieved. 

CANNABIS INDICA. Flowering tops of Cannabb 
sativa. 

Uses: Analgesic, aphrodisiac, narcotic, sedative. 
Dose: 0.065 Cm., or 1 grain. 
Fluidextractum ("annabis Indict, U. S. Dose: 0.03 

Cc.. or 1 minim. 
Tinctura Cannabis Indica?, U. S. Dose: 0.6 Cc.. or 10 

minims. 
Extractum Cannabis Indies. U. S. Dose: 0.010 Gm., 

equals 10 mg. or 1/5 grain. 
Mistura C'liloroformi et Cannabis Indica; Composita, 

X. F. 

CANTHARIS The Beetle. Cantharis vesicatoria. Can- 
tharidis Pulvis. 

Grayish brown with shining green particles with few 
hairs. 

Uses: Aphrodisiac, diuretic, irritant, rubefacient, 
vesicant. 

Dose: 0.03 Gm.. or V-? grain (caution). 
Tinctura Cantharidis. U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 

0.3 Cc., or ") minims. 

Ceratum Cantharidis, U. S. (32 per cent.). 
Collodium Cantharidatum, U. S. (60 per cent.). 
CAPSICUM. Fruit ('ai)sipuin fastigiatum. 

Uses: Carminative, rubefacient. stimulant. 
Dose: O.Oflo um., or 1 grain: 
Tinctura Capsici, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 

Cc.. or 8 minims. 
Fluidextractum Capsici. U. S. Dose : 0.0f> Cc., or 1 

minim. 
Oleoresina Capsici. U. S. Dose: 0.030 Gm., equals 

30 mg., or y s grain. 
Emplastrum Capsici. U. S. 
Tinctura Capsici et Myrrlia 1 , X. F. 

CARBO ANIMALIS Animal ( 'liarcoal. ( "Bone black.") 
CARBO ANIMALIS PURIFICATUS. 
CARBO LIGNI Charcoal. ( Wood ) . 

Dose: 1 Cm., or 1.1 grains. 
CARBONEI DISULPHIDUM Bisulphide of Oirbon. 

OS,. 
CARDAMOMUM Fruit of Elettaria rejicin. 

Uses: Chiefly as adjuvant and as corrective; aro- 
matic, carminative, stimulant, tonic. 



28 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 1 Cm., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Cardamomi, V. S. 
Tinctura Cardamom! Composita, U. S.. Dose: 4 Co., 

or 1 fluidram. 

Pulvis Aromaticus. I'. S. Dose: 1 (Jin., or 15 grains. 
CARUM Fruit of Carum Carvi. 

CARYOPHYLLUS Cloves. Flower buds of Eugenia 
aromatica. 

CASSIA FISTULA Fruit of Cassia fistula. 

CATAPLASMA KAOLINI Cataplasm of Kaolin. 
"Antiseptic Clay Paste.'' Similar in composition to 
certain proprietary articles sold under fancy names 
such as Antiphlogistine. Anhydrosine, Thermofuge. 
Thermaline, Unguentum Terralis. etc. Mixture of 
elutriated anhydrous Kaolin 57.7 parts, levigated 
with Glycerin 37.5 parts, and containing 4.5 parts 
Boric Acid, 2 parts Methvl Salicylate and one-half 
part each Thymol and Oil of Peppermint. 
Uses: Antiseptic, antiphlogistic, analgesic; applied 
hot to inflamed surfaces, etc. 

CERA ALBA White Wax. 

CERA FLAV A Yellow Wax. 

CERATA CERATES. 

Mixtures of fats and waxes with medicinal agents, 

softening and adhering to the skin to which they may be 

applied by spreading the Cerate on Cloth or paper. 

CERATUM Cerate (Simple Cerate). Mixture c* 
white wax. 30; white petrolatum, 20; benzoinate 
lard. 50 parts. 

CERATUM CAMPHORS Camphor Cerate. Mixture 
of cerate, containing 2 per cent, camphor. 

Ceratum Camphorse Compositum, N. F. Ceratum Cam- 
phoratum Camphor Ice. A cerate containing Cam- 
phor 10.7, Phenol 0.2, Benzoic Acid 1 per cent. 
Uses: Emollient, antiseptic. 

CERATUM CANTHARIDIS Blistering Cerate (Emplas- 
trum Vesicatorium Emp. Epispapticum) . Cerate 
containing 32 per cent, cantharides. 
Uses: Vesicant (to produce blister) ; to be spread 
on cloth or adhesive plaster, about 5 Gm. (75 grs.), 
for 10 cm. square (4 inches). 

CERATUM PLUMBI SUBACETATIS Cerate Lead Sub- 
acetate ((Joulard's ( 'crate ). --Cerate containing 20 
per cent, solution lead subacetate and 2 per cent, 
camphor: prepared with petrolatum and wool fat it 
will not become rancid. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 29 

Uses: Astringent; antiseptic in inflammatory con- 
ditions. 

CERATUM RESINS Rosin Cerate (Basilicon Oint- 
ment). Mixture of lard. 50; yellow wax, 15, and 

rosin, 35 parts. 

Uses: To reduce inflammation. 
CERATUM RESINJE COMPOSITUM. Deshler's Salve. 

Rosin cerate, with 11.5 turpentine (pitch), and 

13.5 linseed oil. 

Uses: To reduce inflammation. 
CERII OXALAS Cerium Oxalate Mixture of cerium. 

didymium and lanthanum oxalates. 

White powder, insoluble in water or other neutral sol 
vents 

Uses: Sedative; to arrest vomiting in gastralgia 
following debauch (0.6 Gm., or 10 grains). 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain; in powder or capsule. 
CETACEUM Spermaceti. Fat from Physeter macro- 

cephalus 
CHARTA SINAPIS Mustard Paper. Paper coated 

with oil-free black mustard: 60 square cm. contain- 
ing about 4 Gm. (60 grains). 

Uses: As a rubefacient. and to produce blister. 
Before applying to skin, the paper should be dipped in 
warm water for about 15 seconds. 
CHIMAPHILA Leaves of Chimaphila umbellata. 

Uses: Diuretic, alterative. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Chimaphila?, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
Fluidextractum and Syrupus Stillingiae Compositus. 

N. F. 
CHIRATA Plant of Swertia Chirayita. 

Uses: Stomachic, tonic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Chiratae. U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
Chloral-Camphoratum, N. F. Chloral et Camphora. 

Solution produced by liquefaction of equal parts of 

hydrated Chloral and Camphor. 

Uses: Anodyne, externally applied. 
CHLORALFORMAMIDUM Compound of Chloral and 

Formamide. "Chloralamine." 

Crystals, soluble in 18.7 parts water, in 1.3 parts 
alcohol, readily in ether, acetone, glycerin. 

Uses: Analgesic, hypnotic, sedative. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains; in capsule. 
CHLORALUM HYDRATUM Hydrated Chloral (Chloral 



30 MAXTAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

'90). Trichloraldehyde or Chloral, with the ele- 
ment of one molecule of water. 

Translucent crystals, freely soluble in water, alcohol, 
ether, chloroform,' fixed and volatile oils ; it liquefies when 
triturated with about equal quantities of camphor, menthol, 
thymol or phenol. IiK-ainitatible: With alkalies, com 
pounds of mercury, iodine and lead 

Uses: Analgesic, hypnotic sedative, antispasmodic, 
antiseptic. Preferably given in solution: 

!. Chlorali hydrati gr. xC 6 

Syrupi aurantii 3iii 12 

Aquae, q. s, ad 3xii 50 

M. et ft. sol. one teaspoonful containing Gm. 0.5 
(7% grs.) chloral hydrate. 

Dose: 1 Gm.. or 15 grains. 

Mistura Chlorali et Potassii Bromidi Composita, N. F. 
Chloral Camphoratum, N. F. 

A fairly safe and very efficient hypnotic commonly 
used in Bellevue Hospital affords a convenient form of 
using sodium bromide with hydrated chloral. 

R. Chlorali grs. xx 1 30 

Sodii bromidi grs. Ixxx 5 

Syrupi aurantii 3iv 16 

Aquae, q. s. ad , .oi 30 

M. Two teaspoonfuls are given at a dose, and this 
may be twice repeated at intervals of an hour if neces- 
sary, but more than two doses are rarely required in 
the absence of severe pain. 

CHLOROFORMUM Chloroform, containing from 0.6 to 

1 per cent, alcohol. 

Heavy, colorless liquid, s. s.. 1.476. soluble in about 200 
times its volume of water, in all proportions in alcohol, 
ether, benzene, petroleum-benzin, fixed and volatile oils. 

Uses: To effect anesthesia by inhalation. Inter- 
nally : Anodyne, antispasmodic, sedative. 

CAUTION. For anesthesizing a specimen from a recently 
opened package only should be used, and if the process be 
conducted with gas illurniuation, ample ventilation should 
be assured. 

Dose: 0.3 Cc., or 5 minims. 

Aqua Chloroformi, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Spiritus Chloroformi, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 mins. 
Emulsum Chloroformi, U. S. 
Linimentum Chloroformi, U. S. 30 per cent. 
Mistura Chloroformi et Cannabis Indies Composita. 

N. F. 
Elixir Chloroformi Compositus, N. F. 

CHONDRUS Plant Chondrus crispus. 
Mucilago Chondri, N. F. 
Syrupus Chondri Comp., X. F. 



AND XATIOXAL FORMUL.V..Y. 31 

CHROMII TRIOXIDUM (Acidum Chromic-urn '00). 

<iarnet-red crystals or prisms, very soluble in water. 

('Ai'Tiox. In contact with alcohol, ether, glycerin or 
other organic solvents, reacts with explosive vio'enco. 

Uses: Caustic; also in water solutions f> to -20 pot- 
cent, for ulcers. 
CHRYSAROBINUM (Erroneously called Clirysoplianic 

Acid). Neutral principle from Goa powder of 

Youacoupoua Araroba. 

Orange-yellow crystalline powder, sparingly soluble in 
water, alcohol, ether; in IS parts chloroform. 

Uses: Alterative, antiparasitic; in psoriasis, ring- 
worm. 

Dose: 0.03 Gm.. or % grain. 
Unguentnm Clirysarobini, V. S. (5 per cent.). 
CIMICIFUGA Rhizome Cimicifuga racemosa. 

Uses: Alterative, enimcnagogue, sedative: in 
chorea, etc. 

Dose: 1 Gm.. or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Cimififujyjv. U. S. Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Cimicifugip, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 

minims. 
Extractmn Ciniicifugae, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Gin., or 4 

grains. 

Syrupus Actseae Compositus, X. F. 
CINCHONA. Bark of Cinchona Ledgeriana, C. Cali- 

saya and C. ofFicinalis; should yield at least 4 per 

cent, anhydrous ether-soluble alkaloids. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, bitter tonic, antimalarial. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Cinchona?, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Cinchona?, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 

Elixir Cinchona 1 (Calisaya), X. F. 
Elixir Cinchona? et Hypophosphitum, X. F. 
Elixir Cinchona 1 et Ferri. X. F. 

Elixir Cinchoiup Ferri Bismuthi et Strychnina 1 , X. F. 
Elixir Cinchona 1 Ferri et Bismuthi, X. F. 
Elixir Cinchona? Ferri et Calcii Lactophosphatis, X. F. 
Elixir Cinclioiuv Feri-i et Pejisini, X. F. 
Elixir Cinchona? Ferri et Strychnin*, X. F. 
Elixir C'inchona' Pej)sini et Stryclinina\ X. F. 
Tinctura Cinchona? Detannata. X. F. 
Yinum Carnis. Ferri et Cinchona 1 . X. F. 
CINCHONA RUBRA Bark of Cinchona succirubra. 

Should yield not less than 5 per cent, anhydrous cin- 
chona alkaloids. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, bitter tonic; in dipsomania, etc. 



32 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Tinetura Cinchonse Comport a, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 

1 fluidram. 
CINCHONIDINJE SULPHAS Cinchonidine Sulphate. 

Neutral sulphate of an alkaloid from Cinchona. 

White, silky needles, soluble in 63 parts water, in 72 
parts alcohol, practically insoluble in ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, febrifuge. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

CINCHONINJE SULPHAS Cinchonine Sulphate. Neu- 
tral sulphate of an alkaloid from Cinchona. 

White, hard crystals, soluble in 58 parts water, in 10 
parts alcohol, in 69 chloroform, insoluble in ether. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, febrifuge. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
CINNALDEHYDUM Cinnamic Aldehyde. Aldehyde 

obtained from oil of Cinnamon, or prepared syn- 
thetically; see volatile oils. 
CINNAMOMUM SAIGONICUM Bark of undetermined 

species of Cinnamon. 

Uses: Aromatic, carminative. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

Tinetura Cinnamomi, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 min- 
ims. 
CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM Ceylon Cinnamon. 

Inner shoots of Cinnamomum zej-lanicum. 
COCA Leaves Erythroxylon Coca. 0.5 per cent, alka- 
loids. 

Uses: Invigorant, muscle tonic, nerve stimulant. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Cocae, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Vinum Cocae, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Elixir Cocas, N. F. 
Elixir Coca? et Guaranse, N. F. 
Vinum Cocas Aromaticum, N. F. 
COCAINA Cocaine. Alkaloid from Coca. 

Large colorless prisms, soluble in 600 parts water, in 5 
parts alcohol, in 3.8 parts ether ; very soluble in chloro- 
form, in 12 parts olive oil and in 14 parts oil turpentine, 
insoluble in glycerin. 

Uses: Anesthetic (local and general), anodyne, 
mydriatic, sedative. 

Dose: 0.030 Gm., or y s grain. 
Oleatum Cocainse. U. S. (5 per cent.). 
Stilus Coeainae Dilubilis (5 per cent.), N. F. 
COCAINJE HYDROCHLORIDUM Cocaine Hydrochlor- 

ate ('90). 



AM) NATIONAL FORMULARY. 33 

Colorloss prisms, lustrous leaflets or crystalline powder; 
soluble in o.4 part water, parts alcohol, in 18.5 parts 
chloroform : insoluble in ether. 

/ itcoHi/xitihlc: With Silver nitrate, mercurials and alka- 
loidal reagents. 

Uses: Anesthetic: local, from 2 to 5 per cent solu- 
tion, Anodyne, analgesic, mydriatic. sedative. 

Dose: 0.030 Gm., or y s grain. For preparing solu- 
tion, see liquors. 

CAUTION. For overdose or against untoward effects 
Chloral hydrate. Amyl Nitrite, paraldehyde. chloroform, 
application of ice to the head. 

COCCUS Cochineal. Insect. 1'seudococcus cacti. 
CODEINA Alkaloid from Opium, or prepared from 
.Morphine. 

White prisms or crystalline powder, soluble in NX parts 
water. 1.0 parts alcohol, 11'. 5 parts ether and 0.60 part 
chloroform. 

Uses: Analgesic, hypnotic, sedative; preferable to 
morphine as addition to expectorant mixtures in bron- 
chial, respiratory and vesical affections. 

Dose: 0.030 Gm., or y s grain. 
Syrupus Codeinap, X. F. 

FJixir Terpini Hydratis cum Codeina, X. F. 
The following is suggested as a simple prescription 
containing codeine: 

R. Codeina 1 sulph grs. viii '."> 

Ammonii chloridi 3iss r, 

Syrupi pruni virg., q. s. ad .!iii 1((> 

M. Si,-. : A leaspoonful (>very two or three hours. 
Compound mixture of glycyrrhi/a, syrup of tar. syrup 
of squill or syrup of tolu may be substituted wholly <n - 
in part, for the syrup of wild cherry. 
CODEINE PHOSPHAS Codeine Phosphate. 

Needle-shaped crystals, or crystalline powder, soluble in 
about :! parts water, practically insoluble in alcohol, 
other and chloroform. 

Uses: Same as the alkaloid. 

Dose: 0.030 Cm., or V_. grain. 
CODEINE SULPHAS Codeine Sulphate. 

Long netMllesha ))ed crystals or crystalline powder. 

soluble in about :io parts water, practically insoluble in 

alcohol, ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Same as the alkaloid. 

Dose: 0.030 (Jin., or ' /., grain. 
For irritative cough after crisis; 

R. Code-inn' sulpha! is -;r. v 

Ammonii chloridi -r. xxx 

Acacia? 5i 4 

Sacchari 3iv l(i 

Extract! glycyrrhiz&B 5i 4 

Syrupi tolutani q. s. 



34 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

M. Fiant trochisci No. xxv. Sig. : Dissolve ono 
lozenge! on the tongue to quiet cough. 

COLCHICI CORMUS Colchici Radix ('90). Conn of 
Colchicum autuninale. 0.35 per cent. Colchieine. 
Uses: Anti -rheumatic, anti-neuralgic, alterative, 
analgesic. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Extractum Colchici Cormi, U. S. Dose: 0.065 Gin., or 

1 grain. 

Yinum Colchici Radicis, U. S. '90. 40 per cent. 
COLCHICI SEMEN Seed of Colchicum autuninale. 
0.45 per cent. Colchicine. 
Uses: Similar to those of the conn. 
Dose: 0.2 Gin., or :> grains. 
Tinctura Colchici Seininis, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
Yinuin Colchici Seininis, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 

2 Cc.. or 30 minim*. 
Fin idi'.x tract urn Colchici Seminis, U. S. Dose: 0.2 

Cc.. or 3 minims. 
Used in gouty or rheumatic subjects: 

R. Vini colchici seminis fl. 3ii 8 

Sodii snlicyhitis 3iv 16 

T'ota.ssii iodidi Sii S 

Ksse>itia> pepsini 11. 3xvi GO 

A q nre q. s. ad fl. BV 150| 

M. Siir. : Teasnoonful in wator after meals. 
COLCHICINA Alkaloid from Colchicum. ' 

Pale-yellow leaflets, or powder, turning darker on ex- 
posure, soluble in 22 parts water, l.~i.~> parts ether, very 
soluble in alcohol and chloroform. 

Uses: Similar to Colchici Cormus. \\liich see. 
Dose: 0.0005 Gm.. equal to 0.5 mg., or 1/128 
grain, in powder or pill form. 

COLLODIA COLLODIONS. 

Solutions, in ether-alcohol of pyroxylin, or soluble gun- 
col Ion, with medicinal agents: for external application. 
COLLODIUM.- Solution in Alcohol 25, Ether 75, of Py- 
roxylin 4 parts. 
COLLODIUM CANTHABIDATUM Blistering Collodion. 

--Flexible Collodion representing GO per cent. Can- 

tharides. 
COLLODIUM FLEXILE Flexible Collodion. Collodion 

containing Canada Turpentine 5, Caslor Oil .'!, parts 

in 100. 
Collodium lodatum, N. F. lodi/.ed Collodium. Five per. 

cent. Iodine in flexible collodion. 

Uses: Locally to produce the irritant and other 
effects of iodine. 



AXn XATTOXAT. 

Collodium lodoformatum, X. F. lodoform Collodion. 5 
per cent, iodoform in Flexible Collodion. 
Uses: Locally to produce the antiseptic and other 

o fleets of Iodoform. 

Collodium Salicylatum Compositum, X. F. Corn Collo- 
dion. Salicylic Acid, 11; Fxl. Cnnnabis Incl., 2, in 
Flexible Collodion, to 100 parts. 
Uses: Locally for the removal of Corns. 
COLLODIUM STYPTICUM Styptic Collodion. Collo- 
dion containng 20 per cent. Tannic Acid. 
Collodium Tiglii, "x. F. Croton Oil Collodion. 10 per 
cent. Croton Oil with Flexible Collodion. 
Uses: Locally to produce the counterirritant and 

vesicating effects of Croton Oil. 

COLOCYNTHIS. Peeled fruit Citrullus Colocynthis. 
Uses: Cathartic, laxative, emmenagogue. 
Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 

Fxtractum Colocynthidis, U. S. Dose: 0.03 Gm., or 
i/o grain. 

Fxtractum Colocynthidis Compositum, U. S. Dose: 
O.o Cm., or 7y 2 grains. 

Pilulae Catharticffi Composite, U. S. 

Pilulae Cathartics Vegetabiles. U. S. 

Pilulae Colocynthidis Composita?, N. F. 

Pilulae Colocynthidis et Hyoscyami, X. F. 

Pilulae Colocynthidis et Podophylli. X. F. 

Pilulae Laxativae Post Partum/X. F. 

CONFECTIONES CONFECTIONS ( Linctus ) . 

Flavored medicated masses of sugar. 
CONFECTIO ROSJE. Containing Pved Pvose 8 per cent. 
CONFECTIO SENNJE Electuari Senna*. Mixture of 
the pulps of Cassia Fistula. Prune, Tamarind and 
Fig, with 10 per cent. Senna, flavored with Oil of 
Coriander. 

Uses: Lenitive; laxative for infants. 
Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains. 

CONIUM. Fruit of Coniurn maculatum. 0.."> per cent. 
Coniine. 

Uses: Antispasmodic. anodyne, sedative, anti- 
neuralgic. 

Dose: 0.20 Gm., or 3 grains. 

Tinctura Conii (15 per cent.), U. S. '90. 

Fluidextractum Conii, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 min- 
ims. 

E'xtractum Conii. U. S. '00. (Usually inert). 
CONVALLARIA Rhizome Convallaria * majalis. 

Uses: Cardiac, tonic, diuretic. I 



30 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 0.50 Gm., or 7 1 /? grains. 
Fluidextractum Convallariae, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. 
COPAIBA Oleoresin from various species of Copaiba. 

r.rownish-yollow. thick. liquid, s. g. 0.1).", to <>.!!!>. insolu- 
ble in water, practically soluble in other neutral solvents. 

Uses: Antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 

Massa Copaibae, U. S. '00. "Solidified Copaiba." or: 
Pil Copaiba- et Magnesia?, for pill form. 
Mistura Copabia?, X. F. 

Cordiale Rubi Fructus, N. F. Blackberry Cordial. Cor- 
dial consisting of about equal parts of blackberry 

juice, syrup and diluted alcohol, with cinnamon, 

cloves and nutmeg. 

Uses: Carminative, aromatic astringent. 

Dose: 30 Cc.. or 1 fluid ounce. 
CORIANDRJJM. Fruit of Coriandrum sativum. 

Uses: Aromatic, corrective, adjuvant. 

Dose: 0.5 Cm., or 7^/2 grains. 
CREOSOTUM. Mixture of Phenols and derivatives, 

(iuaiacol and Creosol, obtained by distillation from 

iar. preferably that from the beech (Beech-wood 

Creosote). 

Yellowish liquid, s. g. 1.072. soluble in 140 parts water 
with cloudiness, freely soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, 
fixed and volatile oils, but not soluble in glycerin. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anti-tubercular, antipyretic; for 
phthisical patients, best administered in pill form. 

R . Creosoti gr. xv 1 1 

Saponis pulv gr, viii |5 

Althece pulv., q. s. 
Fiat massa, pil. No. x, divid. 

CAVTIOX. Against substitution of the so-called coal-tar 
creosote (carbolic acid). 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

Aqua Creosoti, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams. 
Unguentum Creosoti Salicylatum Extensum. N. F. 
CRESOL Cresylic Acid (''Tricresol") . Mixture of 

three isomeric cresols obtained from coal-tar, freed 

from phenol, etc. 

Colorless or straw-colored liquid, s.g. 1.032. soluble in 

GO parts water, miscible in all proportions with alcohol, 

ether, glycerin, petroleum-benzin, benzene and alkali hy- 
droxide solutions. 

Uses: Antiseptic, disinfectant, germicide; said to be 
a more powerful antiseptic than phenol (carbolic acid), 
and less irritant and poisonous; used only in soap so- 
lution, which see. 



AND XATTOXAL FORMULARY. 37 

Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim, rarely. 
Liquor Creosolis Compositus, V. S. 50 per cent. 
Tinetura Cn-snlis Saponata, X. F. 
CRETA PREPARATA Prepared Chalk. 

Crayish-whito. very fine, amorphous powder, usually 
molded into cones or "drops ;" insoluble in neutral 
liquids. 

Uses: Antacid, astringent. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Mistura Creta?, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Pulvis Cretap Aromatieus, X. F. 
Pulvis Cretap Aromatieus cum Opio, X. F. 
CUBEBA Fruit Piper Cubeba. 

Uses: Diuretic, carminative, sedative. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextractum Cubebre. U. S. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 m. 
Oleoresina Cubeba?. U. S. Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7V grs. 
Trochisci Cubeba 3 , U. S. 
CUPRI SULPHAS Copper Sulphate. (Blue Vitriol). 

Large, deep-blue crystals, soluble in '2.2 parts water, 
.3.r> parts glycerin, practically insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Astringent, styptic, tonic; in large doses 
emetic. 

Dose: Astringent, 0.01 Gm. (1/5 gr.): emetic, 0.25 
Gm., or 4 grains. 

CUSSO Kousso (Brayera '80). Flowers of Hagenia 
abyssinica. 

Uses: Anthelmintic, tfenicide. 
Dose: 10 Gm., or 240 grains. 
Fluidextractum Cusso, X. F. 

CYPRIPEDIUM. Rhizome of C. hirsutum and C. par- 
viflorum. 

Uses: Antispasmodic. nerve stimulant. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextractum Cypripedii, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 
minims. 

DECOCTA DECOCTIONS. 

Liquid extracts prepared by extracting drugs by boil- 
ing with water. 

General Formula. 

Unless otherwise directed decoctions are prepared as 
follows: 

Take of the drug, coarsely comminuted, 5 Gm. (75 
grains) ; water, a sufficient quantity, or 100 Cc. (25 
nuidrams). The drug is mixed with the water, which 
is brought to the boiling point in a well covered non- 
metallic vessel and allowed to continue boiling for 15 
minutes. The mixture having cooled to about 40 C., 



MAXFAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

is strained, expressed and sufficient hot water passed 
through the strainer to produce 100 Cc. (25 fluidrams). 
CAUTION. The strength of decoctions of potent drugs 
should be specified by the preseriber. 
Decoctum Aloes Compositum, N. P. 

Dose: 30 Cc., or 1 fluid ounce, containing extract 
of aloes, 0.3 (5 grs.) ; myrrh and saffron, each 0.15 
(3 grs.); potass, carb, 0.1 (1% gr.) ; extract of 
glyoyrrhiza, comp. tr. cardamon and water. 

Uses: Stimulant, cathartic and emmenagogue. 
DIGITALIS. Leaves of Digitalis purpurea. 
Uses: Cardiac tonic, diuretic. 
Dose: 0.005 Gm., or 1 grain. 

Jnfusum Digitalis, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams. 
Tinctura Digitalis, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Fluidextractum Digitalis, U. S. Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 

minim. 
E'xtractum Digitalis, U. S. Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal 

to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain. 

In dropsy Niemeyer's Pill prepared as follows: 
R. Pulveris digitalis ! 

Pulveris scillse, fia grs. x |60 

Hydrargyri chloridi mit grs. i 1/4 |OS 

To be divided into ten pills, or preferably, capsules. 
One of these pills every three hours will be found effect- 
ive. The calomel is often omitted, or it may be replaced 
by 0.06 Gm. (1 grain) of the blue mass (massa hy- 
dra rgyri) in each dose, if it is to be made into pills, or 
gray powder (hydrargyrum cum creta), if into capsules. 
In chronic congestion of the kidneys: 

R. Potassii acetatis Siv 1.1| 

Infusi digitalis 11. 3ii (Kt| 

Infusi buchu, q. s. ad fl. Sviii 2501 

M. Sig. : Two tablespoonfuls in water three times a 
day. 

ELASTICA Para Rubber. 

ELATERINUM Elaterin. Neutral principle obtained 
from Elaterium, a substance deposited by the juice 
of the fruit of Ecballium Elaterium (the so-called 
Clutterbuck's Elaterium). 

Minute scales, or prismatic crystals, insoluble in 
water, sparingly soluble in alcohol, ether. 
Uses: Drastic purgative, diuretic. 
Dose: 0.005 Gm.. equals 5 mg.. or 1/10 grain. 
Trituratio Elaterini, U. S. Dose: 0.03 Gin., or % 
grain. 

ELIXIRIA ELIXIRS. 

Sweetened alcoholic, agreebly flavored liquids, whifh 
may be simply aromatic or adjuvant, to serve as vehicles 
to disguise the taste of bitter or nauseous drugs; or 



AM) NATIONAL FORMfLAKY. 30 

they may contain medicinal agents. Elixir of any drug 
may be prepared extemporaneously front the fluid ex- 
tract, e. g. Elixir Calumb;v: 

I. Flext. calumbse .................. Si 25 1 

Elix. adjuvantis ............... Siii 75 1 

M. Sig.: Dose: One teaspoonful. 
The elixirs present one of the most agreeable and 
promptly acting forms of medication, which containing 
about 25 per cent, alcohol by volume, with a few ex- 
ceptions. viz.. Elixir Terpini Hydratis, etc., should, how- 
ever. be employed with discrimination. 
Elixir Acidi Salicylici, X. F. 
Uses: Antirheumatic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram; representing 0.3 Gm. 
(5 gr. ) salicylic acid. 

ELIXIR ADJUVANS Adjuvant Elixir. Aromatic 
Elixir, containing 12 per cent. Glycyrrhiza. 
Uses: Especially valuable to mask the taste of 
quinine. 

x. Since the active principle of the Licorice 



l '(ilycyrrhizin ' is precipitated by acids, the quinine 
should not be dissolved by the aid of dilute acid, but 
simply be suspended in the elixir as a "shake well" 
mixture. 
Elixir Ammonii Bromidi, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve sedative, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. representing 0.3 Gm. (5 
gr. ) ammonium bromide. 

Elixir Ammonii Valerianatis, X. F. Elixir of Ammo- 
nium Valerianate. 
Uses: Xerve sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram; representing 0.12 Gm. 
(2 gr. ) ammonium valcrianate in red elixir. 
Elixir Ammonii Valerianatis et Quininae, X*. F. 
Uses: Xerviue. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. representing 0.015 Gm. 
P/i gi'.l quinine hydrochloride. and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs. ) 
ammonium valerianate. 
Elixir Anisi, X. F. 

Uses: Carminative. 

Dose: Infants. 1 Cc.. or 15 minims; containing ane- 
thol. oil fennel and Litter almond. 
Elixir Apii Graveolentis Compositum, X. F. 
Uses: Xerve stimulant and tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 Iliiidram. containing 0.3 Gin. (5 
:jr.) cadi of celery seed. coca, kola and viburnum 
prunifolium. Similar in composition to a well-known 
trade article. 



40 MAXUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

CAUTION. To avoid confusion with "Opii" the title 
,1/m Giwcolcntis should be written out in full. 
ELIXIR AROMATICUM Simple Elixir. A cordial 

flavored with orange, lemon and coriander. 
Elixir Bismuthi, X. F. 
Uses: Stomachic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.12 Gm. (2 
grs.) bismuth and sodium tartrate. 
Elixir Buchu, X. F. 

Uses: Diuretic, urinary anticatarrhal. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 Gra. 
(7y 2 grs.) buchu. 
Elixir Buchu Compositum, X. F. 

Uses. Diuretic, urinary anticatarrhal. 
Dose: 4 Co.. or 1 fluidram. representing 1 Cc. (15 
minims) compound fluidextract buchu. 
Elixir Buchu et Potassii Acetatis, X. F. 
Uses: Diuretic, vesical anticatarrhal. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.3 Gm. (5 
grs.) potassium acetate and 0.5 Gm. (7V., grs.) buchu. 
Elixir Caffeinae, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve stimulant, antineuralgic. 
Dose: 4 C'c., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.065 Gm. 
(1 gr.) caffeine. 
Elixir Calcii Bromidi, X T . F. 
Uses: Xerve sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.3 Gm.. (5 
grs.) calcium bromide. 
Elixir Calcii Hypophosphitis, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative, reconstructive. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.25 Gm. 
(4 grs.) calcium hypophosphite. 
Elixir Calcii Lactophosphatis, X. F. 
Uses: Nutrient, reconstructive. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.2 Gm. 
(3 grs.) calcium lactophosphate. 
Elixir Catharticum Compositum, X. F. 

Dose: Aperient, 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 
0.5 Gm. (7% grs.) frangula, 0.4 Gm. (G grs.) senna, 
0.25 Gm. (4 grs.) rhubarb, in alkaline aromatic elixir; 
cathartic, 12 Cc., or 3 tluidrams. 
Elixir Chloroformi Compositum, X. F. 

Uses: Carminative, anodyne, antispaamodic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, representing 0.03 Gm. 
(i/ 2 gr.) opium, 0.35 C'c. (5 minims) chloroform, with 
spirit camphor, aromatic spirit ammonia and oil cin- 
namon. 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 41 

Elixir Cinchonas, X. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 8 Co., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.015 Gm. 
( 1 4 g r -) quinine sulphate and 0.008 Gm. (% gr.) each 
cinchonidine sulphate and cinchonine sulphate, with 
aromatic elixir. 
Elixir Cinchona* et Ferri, X. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, hematinic. 

Dose: 8 Co., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.25 Gm. 
(4 grs.) soluble ferric phosphate in elixir cinchona. 
Elixir Cinchona*, Ferri et Bismuthi, X. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, stomachic, hematinic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.12 Gm. 
(2 grs.) bismuth and sodium citrate, and 0.25 Gm. (4 
grs.) soluble ferric phosphate. 

Elixir Cinchonas, Ferri, Bismuthi et Strychninae, X. F. 
Uses: Stomachic, nerve and blood tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fiuidram, representing 0.0000 Gm. 
1/100 gr.) strychnine sulphate, 0.06 Gm. (1 gr.) bis 
muth and sodium citrate, and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) solu- 
ble ferric phosphate. 

Elixir Cinchonse, Ferri et Calcii Lactophosphatis, X. F. 
Uses: Hematinic. alterative, reconstructive. 
Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams. representing 0.1 Gm. 
(1% grs.) calcium lactophosphate and 0.25 Gm. (4 
grs.) soluble ferric phosphate. 
Elixir Cinchonse, Ferri et Pepsini, X. F. 
Uses: Tonic, hematinic. digestive. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.12 Gm. 
('2 grs.) pepsin and 0.2 Gm. (3 grs.) soluble ferric 
phosphate. 

Elixir Cinchonas, Ferri et Strychninae, X. F. 

Uses: Hematinic, nervine. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fiuidram, representing 0.0006 Gm. 
(1/100 gr.) strychnine sulphate and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) 
soluble ferric phosphate. 
Elixir Cinchonas et Hypophosphitum, X. F. 

Uses: Tonic, alterative, reconstructive. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.12 Gm. 
(^ grs. ) each calcium and sodium hypophosphites, in 
elixir cinchona. 
Elixir Cinchonas, Pepsini et Strychninas, X. F. 

Uses: Stomachic, digestive, peristaltic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fiuidram, representing 0.0006 Gm. 
1/100 gr.) strychnine sulphate, 0.06 Gm. (1 gr. ) pep- 
sin and small quantities cinchona alkaloids. 



42 M.vxr.vr OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Elixir Cocse, X. F. 

Uses: Stimulant, muscle invigorator. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 Cm. 
(7' L . grs.) coca (cryUiroxylon ') . 
Elixir Cocse et Guaranas, X. 1". 
Uses: Stimulant, analgesic. 

Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidrain, representing 0.5 (Jin. 
(7% grs.) each coca and guarana. 
Elixir Corydalis Compositum, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 flnidram, representing 0.2 Cm. (H 
grs.) potassium iodide and small quantities corydalis. 
stillingia, xanthoxylum and iris (blue Ihi; 
Elixir Curassao, X T . F. ("Curacao Cordial.") 
Uses: Flavoring. 
Dose: 1(5 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Elixir Digestivum Compositum, N. F. 
Use: Digestive. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams, representing pepsin. 
pancreatin and distase, with lactic and hydrochloric 
acids, glycerin and aromatic elixir. 

XOTK. Since pepsin and pancreatin in solution de- 
stroy each other, this elixir is practically inert and fhere- 
fore useless except as a vehicle for which adjuvant 
elixirs should be preferred. 
Elixir Eriodictyi Aromaticum, X. F. 

Uses: Pectoral, but chiefly vehicle for quinine sul- 
phate. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
Elixir Eucalypti, X. F. 

Uses: Antiperiodic. tonic; also vehicle to disguise 
taste of quinine sulphate. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 dm. 
(7 1 /; gi'*.) eucalyptus with syrup of coffee and com- 
pound taraxacum. 
Elixir Euonymi, X'. F. 

Uses: Cholagogue. diuretic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.0 Cm. (0 
grs.) euonymus with syrup of coffee and compound 
elixir taraxacum. 

Elixir Ferri Hypophosphitis, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative, hematinic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. representing O.OG Gm. (1 
gr. ) iron hypophosphite. 
Elixir Ferri Lactatis, X. F. 

Uses: Alterative, hematinic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. representing O.OG Gm. (1 
gr.) iron lactate. 



AM) NATIONAL FORMULARY. 43 

Elixir Ferri Phosphatis, N. F. 

Uses: Hematinic, nerve tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidrain, representing 0.12 Gm. (2 
grs.) soluble ferric phosphate. 
Elixir Ferri Pyrophosphatis, X. F. 

Uses: Hematinic, nerve tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidrain. representing 0.1-2 Gin. (2 
grs.) soluble ferric pyrophosphate. 
Elixir Ferri Pyrophosphatis, Quininae et Strychuinse, 

N. F. 

Uses: General tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidrain. representing 0.0005 Gm. 
(1/128 gr.) strychnine. 0.03 Cm. (y s gr.) quinine sul- 
phate and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) soluble ferric pyrophos- 
phate. 
Elixir Ferri, Quininae et Strychninae, N. F. 

Uses: General tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidrain, representing 0.0000 Gm. 
(1/100) gr. strychnine sulphate, 0.030m. ( ^ gr.) qui- 
nine hydrochloride and 0.06 Gm. (Igr.) ferric chloride. 
ELIXIR FERRI QUININAE ET STRYCHNINJE PHOS- 

PHATUM. 

Uses: Hematinic and nervine. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing about 0.00 
Gm. (1 gr.) ferric phosphate, 0.03 Gm. (y 2 gr.) 
quinine and 0.001 Gm. (1/60 gr.) strychnine. 
Elixir Frangulae, N. F. 

Uses: Laxative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 1 Gm. (15 
grs.) frangula. 
Elixir Gentianae, N. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.12 Gm. (2 
<rrs.) gentian. 
Elixir Gentianae et Ferri Phosphatis, N. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.06 Gm. (I 
gr.) soluble ferric phosphate, and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) 
gentian. 
Elixir Gentianae Glycerinatum, N. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, stomachic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing gentian, 
taraxacum, phosphoric acid, in glycerin and white 
wine, flavored \\ith sweet orange peel, compound tinc- 
ture cardamon and acetic ether. Similar in compo- 
sition to a trade-article becoming known to the public 
as a "glycerin tonic." 



44 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Elixir Gentianae cum Tinctura Ferri Chloridi, N. F. 
Uses: Bitter, hematinic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.05 Gin. 
(% gr.) ferric chloride and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) gentian. 
Elixir Glycerophosphatum, N. F. 

Uses: Nerve tonic, reconstructive. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr.) absolute sodium glycerophosphate and 0.03 Gm. 
/2 8 r -) calcium glycerophosphate. 
Elixir Glycyrrhizae, N. F. 

Uses: Vehicle and flavor. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Elixir Glycyrrhizae Aromaticum, X. F. Combination of 
licorice, oils cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg and fennel 
with aromatic elixir. 
Uses: Flavor and vehicle. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Elixir Grindeliae, X. F. 

Uses: Antispasmodio. anticatarrhal. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.5 Gm. (8 
grs.) grindelia. 
Elixir Guaranae, X. F. 

Uses: Sedative, antineuralgic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.8 Gm. 
(12 grs.) guarana. 
Elixir Humuli, X. F. 

Uses: Diaphoretic, sedative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 1 Gm. (15 
grs.) hop* with aromatics. 
Elixir Hypophosphitum, X. F. 

Uses: Alterative, constructive. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.4 Gm. (6 
grs.) calcium hypophosphite and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) 
each sodium and potassium hypophosphites. 
Elixir Hypophosphitum cum Ferro, X'. F. 

Uses: Alterative, constructive, hematinic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.06 Gm. 
(1 gr.) each potassium and ferrous hypophosphites, 
and 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) each calcium and sodium hypo- 
phosphites. 
Elixir Lithii Bromidi, X. F. 

Uses: Antilithic, nerve sedative. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.6 Gm. 
(10 grs.) lithium bromide. 
Elixir Lithii Citratis, X. F. 

Uses: Antipodagric. antirheumatic. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 45 

Dose: 6 Co., or iv, fltiidrams, representing 0.5 Grn. 
(8 grs.) lithium citrate. 
Elixir Lithii Salicylatis, X. F. 

Uses: Antirhcumatic. diaphoretic, antilithic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.6 Gm. 
(10 grs.) lithium salieylate. 
Elixir Malti et Ferri, X. F. 

Uses: Digestive, hematinic. nutrient. 
Dose: 16 Co., or 4 fluidrams. representing 0.25 Gm. 
(4 grs.) soluble ferric phosphate and 4 Cc. (60 min- 
ims) extract of malt. 
Elixir Paraldehydi, X. F. 

Uses: Hypnotic, nervo sedative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 2 Cc. (30 
minims) paraldehyde. 
Elixir Pepsini, X. F. 
Uses: Digestive. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.12 Gm. 
(2 grs.) pepsin and glycerin, hydrochloric acid and 
aromatic elixir. 
Elixir Pepsini et Bismuthi, X. F. 

Uses: Gastric sedative, digestive. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.12 Gm. 
(2 grs.) pepsin, 0.25 Gm. (4 grs.) bismuth and sodium 
tartrate. 

Elixir Pepsini, Bismuthi et Strychninae, X. F. 
Uses: Digestive, tonic, gastric sedative. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. representing 0.0006 Gm. 
(1/100 gr.) strychnine. 0.03 Gm. ( i/, gr.) pepsin, and 
0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) bismuth and sodium tartrate. 
Elixir Pepsini et Ferri, X. F. 

Uses: Gastric tonic, hematinic. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams. representing 0.06 Gm. 
(1 gr.) ferric chloride, and 0.12 Gn>. (2 grs.) pepsin. 
Elixir Phosphori, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve and bone nutrient. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram > representing 0.001 Gm. 
(l/60gr.) phosphorus. 
Elixir Phosphori et Nucis Vomicae, X. F. 
Uses: Aphrodisiac, nerve tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 0.12 Gm. (2 
minims) tincture mix vomica, and 0.001 Gm. (1/60 
gr. ) phosphorus. 
Elixir Picis Compositum, X. F. 

Uses: Expectorant, cough sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc. ; or 1 fluidram. representing 0.0013 Gm. 



46 MAX UAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

(1/50 gr.) morphine sulphate, with syrup of wild 
cherry, syrup of tolu and wine of tar. 
Elixir Pilocarpi, N. F. 

Uses: Diaphoretic, smhigogue. diuretic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.5 Gm. 
(7y 3 grs.) pilocarpus. 
Elixir Potassii Acetatis, X. F. 
Uses: Diuretic, antacid. 

Dose: Hi Cc.. or 4 iluidrams. representing 1.3 Gm. 
(20 grs.) potassium acetate. 
Elixir Potassii Acetatis et Juniperi, X. V. 
Uses: Diuretic, urinary anticatarrhal. 
Dose: Hi Cc.. or 4 Huidrams, representing 1.3 Gm. 
(20 grs.) potassium acetate and 2 Gm. (30 grs.) juni- 
per. 
Elixir Potassii Bromidi, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve sedative, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 1.3 Gm. 
(20 grs.) potassium bromide. 
Elixir Quininae et Phosphatum Composition, X. F. 
Use: General tonic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.03 Gm. 
( l /2 r -) quinine sulphate. 0.12 (Jin. (2 grs.) soluble 
ferric phosphate, and 0.1 Gm. (iy 3 grs.) calcium lacto- 
phosphate. 

Elixir Quininae Valerianatis et Strychninae, X. F. 
Uses: Xerve tonic, sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 0.00 Gm. 
(1 gr.) quinine valerate, and 0.0006 Gm. (1/100 gr.) 
strychnine sulphate. 
Elixir Rhamni Purshianae, X. F. 
Uses: Laxative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 2 Gm. (30 
grs.) cascara sagrada. 

Uixir Rhamni Purshianae Compositum, X. F. 
Use: Laxative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing senna, jug- 
lans (butter-nut) and cascaia sagrada, with aromat- 
ic s. 
Elixir Rhei, X. F. 

Uses: Laxative, stomachic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. representing 0.3 Gm. (5 
,i;rs. ) rhubarb. 

Elixir Rhei et Magnesii Acetatis, X. F. 
Uses: Refrigerant, laxative. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 Cm, 



AXD XATIOXAL FORMICARY. 47 

grs.) rhubarb, and 0.25 Om. (4 grs.) magnesium 
acetate. 
Elixir Rubi Compositum, X. F. 

Uses: Antidiarrheal, carminative. 
Dose: 10 Cc., or 4 lluidrams. represent ing black- 
berry root and juice, galls. einnaniou. cloves, mace and 
ginger. 
Elixir Sodii Bromidi, X. F. 

Uses: Nerve sedative, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 1.3 Gm. 
(20 grs.) sodium bromide. 
Elixir Sodii Hypophosphitis, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative, tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.12 Om. 
(2 grs.) sodium hypophosphite. 
Elixir Sodii Salicylatis, X. F. 

Uses: Antirhenmatic. analgesic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 0.3 Gm. (5 
grs. ) sodium salicykite. 
Elixir Stillingiae Compositum, X. F. 
Use: Alterative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. representing 1 Cc. (15 
minims) compound fluidextract stillingia. 
Elixir Strychninae Valerianatis, X. F. 
Use: Xervine. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing O.OOOG Gm. 
(1/100 gr. ) strychnine valerianate. 
Elixir Taraxaci Compositum, X. F. 

Uses: Bitter tonic, cholagogue; vehicle for bitter 



Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing combina- 
tion of taraxacum, wild cherry, licorice, sweet orange 
peel, cinnamon, compound tincture cardamom and aro- 
matic elixir. 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis, X. F. 

Use: Stimulating expectorant. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, representing 0.00 Gm. (1 
gr.) terpin hydrate. 

XOTK. Elixir Terpine Hydrate and its combinations 
contain 4o per cent, alcohol, the least amount required 
to hold the terpine hydrate in solution. 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis cum Codeina, X. F. 
Uses: Expectorant, cough sedative. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing O.OG Gm. (1 
gr. ) terpin hydrate, and 0.008 Gm. (*/ s gr.) codeine. 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis cum Heroina, X. F. 
Uses: Expectorant, cough sedative. 



48 MAXUAL OF PTlARMArOPETA 

Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.00 Gin. (1 
gr.) terpin hydrate, and 0.0027 Cm. (1/24 gr.) heroin. 
Elixir Turners, X. V. 

Use: Aphrodisiac. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 lluidram, representing 0.6 Gin. (10 
grs.) daminna. 
Elixir Viburni Opuli Compositum, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve sedative, antispasmodic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.3 Om. (5 
grs.) eacli viburnum opulus and aletris (star-gras-; ) . 
and 0.0 Cm. (10 grs.) trillum (beth-root). 
Elixir Viburni Prunifolii, X. F. 

Uses: Uterine sedative, antispasmodio. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 lluidram, representing 0.5 Cm. 
(7'., grs.) viburnum prunifolium. 
Elixir Zinci Valerianatis, X. F. 

Uses: Xerve sedative, antispasmodic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, representing O.OG Cm. (1 
gr.) zinc valerianate. 

EMPLASTRA PLASTERS. 

Mixtures of lead plaster rendered pliable by rubber 
and petrolatum adhesive plaster usually incorporated 
with medicinal agents. The official plasters are easily 
prepared and may be spread on cloth as desired by 
moans of a hot spatula, the particular size being speci- 
fied. The usual size is 10x15 cm. (4x6 inches). The 
vehicle favoring penetration into the skin, the official 
plasters are far more effective than the commercial so- 
called rubber plasters. 

EMPLASTRUM ADHESIVUM (Emp. Eesiiue '00). 
Anhydrous lead plaster, containing 2 per cent, each 

of rubber and petrolatum. 
Emplastrum Aromaticum, X. F. Spice Plaster. Cloves, 

cinnamon, ginger, each 10; capsicum, camphor, each 

5; cottonseed oil. ,35: lead plaster to 100. 
EMPLASTRUM BELLADONNA. Containing 0.38 to 

0.42 per cent, niydriatic alkaloids. Adhesive plas- 
ter containing 30 per cent, extract belladonna leaves. 

Uses: Anodyne, analgesic; in neuralgia. 
EMPLASTRUM * CAPSICL Oleoresin Capsicum 0.25 

Cm. spread over the surface of adhesive plaster 

15 cm. square (6 inches). 

Uses: Rubefacient, vesicant. 
Emplastrum Fuscum Camphoratum, X. F. Emp. Matris 

Camphoratum, Ph. Cer. Brown plaster made of red 

oxide of lead, olive oil and wax, containing 1 per 

cent, camphor. 



AXD XATTOXAL FORMULARY. 49 

EMPLASTRUM HYDRARGYRL Mercury 30 per cent,, 

with lead plaster and lanolin 10 per cent. 

Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic. 
EMPLASTRUM OPII. Extract opium fl per cent., with 

lead plaster: representing about 10 per cent, opium. 

Use: Anodyne. 
Emplastrum Picis Liquidae Composition, N. F. Comp. 

Tar Plaster. Mixture of resin 5. tar 4 parts, and 

one part each powdered podophyllum, phytolacca 

and sanguinaria. 
EMPLASTRUM PLUMBI Emp. Diachylon. Lead ole- 

ate obtained through interaction of lead acetate on 

solution of sodium oleate (Castile soap). 
EMPLASTRUM SAPONIS. Lead plaster with 10 per 

cent. soap. 

Uses: Antiphlogistic, discutient. 

EMULSA EMULSIONS 

Emulsions are liquid preparations consisting of oily, 
fatty, resinous, or otherwise insoluble substances sus- 
pended in watery liquids by the intervention of gum, 
mucilage or other viscid material called emulsifying 
agents, Natural emulsions comprise products of animal 
or vegetable origin, consisting of oily or resinous sub- 
stances so combined with gum or albumin as to be read- 
ily miscible with water without separation. Milk and 
egg yolk are such typical emulsions, and seeds and 
gum resins form emulsions when triturated with water. 
Artificial emulsions are made by thoroughly mixing the 
oil with the emulsifying agent, adding a certain pro- 
portion of water and triturating the mixture in a mor- 
tar, or agitating it in a flask. Volatile oils require the 
addition of a fixed oil to produce a stable emulsion. 
Water-insoluble substances: Salicylic acid, chloroform, 
salol, etc.. may be emulsified in the same way as oil of 
turpentine. 

Flavoring. Since no single or compound aromatic can 
be devised which would be acceptable under all circum- 
stances as a flavoring for emulsion of cod liver oil. tbe 
selection of tbe most suitable aromatic must be left to 
the prescribe!- or dispenser. Among those which are 
found to be most serviceable are the following, the quan- 
tities given below intended for 1000 Cc. (or 32 fl. oz) 
of finished emulsion, though in some cases a smaller or 
a larger quantity, in the same proportions, may be pre- 
ferable : 

a. Oil of gaultheria m. Ix 4 

b. Oil of gaultheria m. xxx 2 

Oil of sassafras . . m. xxx 2 



c. Comp. spirit of orange (U.S. P.) ..m. xxv 1 

d. Oil of gaultheria m. xxx 2 

Oil of bitter almond.. ..m. iv 



50 MA XFAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Oil of coriander m. iv 25 

o. oil of ganltheria m. xxv 1 ."> 

oil of sassafras in. xxv 1 ~>_ 

oil of bittor alinoml m. iv o'-jr> 

f. Oil of gaultheria m. xl 2|."> 

( >il of bitter almond in. xl 

g. Oil of noroli in. xxv 

Oil of bittor almond in. xxv 

( Ml of cloves in. iv o 

I'n-Ncrration. When an emulsion of cod liver oil is 
to be kept for some time, its deterioration may be pre- 
vented or retarded by the addition of 6r> Co. (or 2 fl. oz.) 
of alcohol in the place of the same quantity of water, 
when making 1000 (V. (or .,2 fl. oz.) of emulsion. 
EMULSUM AMYGDALAE. Sweet alinoml, in 100 Co. 
Uses: Demulcent; vehicle for Inercnrie chloride (0.2 
per cent.) in skin affections. 

Dose: 120 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

EMULSUM ASAFETID^E. Asafetida. 4 in 100 Co. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, sedative. 
Dose: 1C Cc., or 4 fluidrams. (also by rectum). 
EMULSUM CHLOROFORM!. Chloroform, 4 in 100 Ce. 
Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 8 Cc.', or 2 fluidrams. 

EMULSUM OLEI MORRHUAE. Cod liver oil. 50 in 100 
Ce. 

B. Olei morrhuae fl. oxii 50 

Acacioe pulv 3iii 12 5 

Olei gaultherise. . m. vi 4 

Syrupi " fl. Siiss 10 

Aquae, q. s. ft II. Sxxiv 100| 

AT. et fiat emulsum sccuiidum artem. 

Dose: 8 Cc,. or 2 fluidrams. 

Emulsum Olei Morrhuse cum Calcii Lactophosphate, 
N. F. 

Dose: 1C Cc.. or 4 fluidrams, containing about 00 
Cm. (10 grs.) calcium lactophosphate. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Calcii Phosphate, X. F. 

Dose: 1C Cc.. or 4 fluidrams, containing about 0.5 
(iiu. (7% grs.) calcium phospliate. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Calcii et Sodii Phosphati- 
bus, N. F. 

Dose: 1C Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. containing about 0.3 
C.m. (") grs.) each, calcium and sodium phosphates. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Extracto Malti, X. F. 

Dose: 1C Cc., or 4 fluidrams. containing 8 Cc., or 
2 fluidrams each cod liver oil and extract of malt. 
EMULSUM OLEI MORRHUAE CUM HYPOPHOSPHITI- 
BUS. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, containing 50 per cent. 



AXD NATIONAL FOIIMILARY. 51 

corl liver oil. and of hypophosphites : calcium, dm. 
0.1 i 1 1/, i:i-s.). and potassium and sodium, each Gm. 
0.05 (% gr.). 

Uses: Alterative, tonic nutritive. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Pruno Virginiana, N. F. 

Dose: 10 Co., or 4 fluidrams. containing 1 Cc. (16 
minims) fluidextract wild cherry. 

Emulsum Olei Ricini. Castor Oil Emulsion, X. F. Con- 
tains one-third its volume of castor oil disguised 
by tincture of vanilla: other flavors may be used. 
Dose: 48 Cc., or iy z fl. oz. (y s fl. oz. oil). * 
EMULSUM OLEI TEREBINTHINJE. Oil of turpentine, 

15 in 100 Co. 
B. Olei terebinthinae reetitieati . . . . tl. 3iv 15| 

Olei amgygdake express! in. Ixxx- 5| 

Syrupi .'. fl. 3vi 25 

Acacia? pulv 3iv 1 5| 

Aquae, q. s. ft fl. 3xxv 100J 

M. ft. emulsum. modo prescripto. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. containing 0.0 Cc. (10 
minims) oil of turpentine. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anthelmintic. diuretic. 
Emulsum Olei Terebinthinae Fcrtius, N. F. Stronger or 
Forbes' Emulsion Oil of Turpentine. 
Dose: 2 Cc.. or \^ fluidram, containing 1 Cc.. or 15 
minims oil of turpentine. 

Emulsum Petrolei Petroleum Emulsion. X. E. Con- 
taining 5 per cent, white petrolatum, U. S. 
Dose: 10 Cc., or 4 fluidram s. 

This preparation differs from the commercial so-called 
petroleum emulsions only in that it is really what it 
represents to be : an emulsion of the almost odorless 
and practically tasteless petrolatum, while the commer- 
"ial emulsions being substantially the same, pretend to 
be emulsions of the crude natural petroleum and their 
therapeutic claims are based on the longtime belief in 
the virtues of crude petroleum in many forms of 
chronic disease. Tt being impracticable to so disguise 
the foul odor and disagreeable taste of the crude pe- 
troleum as to make it acceptable to the stomach, es- 
pecially to chronic invalids, that they may continue tak- 
ing the preparation, refined petroleum was substituted 
by manufacturers. Since petrolatum is chemically par- 
affin, absolutely inert and indigestible, these preparations 
can have no possible properties other than those of a 
protective and lubricant. The claim that these prepara- 
tions are nutritive, "cure consumption," etc., is entirely 
unwarranted. 
Emulsum Phosphaticum Mistura Phosphatica. N. F. 

ffc. Olei morrhua 3 fl. iv 125 

Clyceriti vitelli S'i^s ~S 

Acidi phosphorici diluti 11. 3vi 2">1 



52 MAMJAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Spirit us sacchari (rum) fl. %iv 125 

Olei' amygdalae amarae m. xii 8 

Aquae aurantii florum q. s fl. %xvi 500 

M. et ft. emuls. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fiuidrams. 
ERGOTA Sclerotium of Claviceps purpurea, replacing 

the grain of rye, Secale cereale. 

Uses: Emmenagogue, oxytocic, hemostatic, parturi- 
ent; also recommended as a circulatory equalizer, 
chiefly hypodermically administered. See Extractum 
Ergotse. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Ergotae, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Extractum Ergotae, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grs. 
Yinum Ergotae, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
ERIODICTYON Yerba Santa. Leaves of Eriodictyon 

californicum (Yerba Santa). 

Uses: Alterative, expectorant, anticatarrhal. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextractum Eriodictyi, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 m. 
Syrupus Eriodictyi Aromaticus. X. F. 
Elixir Eriodictyi Aromaticum, N. E. To disguise the 

taste of quinine. 

Essentia Pepsini, X. F. Essence of Pepsin. An agree- 
ably flavored cordial, containing pepsin, U. S. P.. 

2.25 Gm. (35 grs.); rennin. 1.65 Gm. (25 grs.); 

lactic acid, 0.2 Cc. (3 minims) ; preserved with 

glycerin, 12.5 Cc. (3 fluidrams) ; alcohol, 5 Cc. (80 

minims), in syrup and Angelica wine to 100 Cc. (25 

fluidrams) . 

Uses: Representing in addition to pepsin the milk- 
curdling enzyme rennin. prepared from calves' rennet; 
this preparation is especially useful in the alimentary 
affections of infants. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
EUCALYPTOL. Organic oxide (Cineol) obtained from 

the volatile oil of FAicalyptus and from other 

sources. 
Liquid, s. g.. 0.925, soluble in all proportions of alcohol. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, antiseptic, antiperiodic, ex- 
pectorant. 

Dose: 0.3 Cc., or 5 minims. 
EUCALYPTUS. Leaves of Eucalyptus globulus. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, tonic, antiseptic. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Eucalypti, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

minims. 
Elixir Eucalypti, N. F. 



30 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 53 

EUGENOL. Aromatic unsaturated phenol obtained 

from oil of Cloves and other sources. 

Uses: Substitute for Oil Cloves. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
EUONYMUS. Bark of root Euonymus atropurpureus. 

Uses: Cholagogue, diuretic, laxative. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 1% grains. 
Fluidextractum Euonymi, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 

minims. 

Extractuni Euonymi. U. S. Dose: 0.125 Gin., or 2 grs. 
Elixir Euonymi. N. F. 

EUPATORIUM. Leaves and tops of Eupatorium per- 
foliatum. 

Uses: Alterative, diaphoretic, tonic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 

Fluidextractum Eupatorii, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 
minims. 

EXTRACTA EXTRACTS (SOLID EXTRACTS). 

The soluble principles of drugs extracted with various 
menstrua, i. e., alcohol or water, or mixtures of these, 
sometimes by the addition of alkali or acid, concentrated 
by evaporation either to a soft solid of pilular con- 
sistence, or reduced to a powder with or without addi- 
tion of a diluent such as sugar of milk or pulverized 
glycyrrhiza. The percentage yield of extract varies con- 
siderably, from different drugs with a corresponding 
variation in the proportionate amount of drug the re- 
spective extracts represent. The majority are four 
times the strength of the drug; consequently their dos- 
age is one-fourth that of the drug. The extracts of the 
alkaloidal drugs are mostly fixed by assay, as indicate'!. 
The pilular extracts are best adapted for pill masses, 
and external preparations: ointments, suppositories, 
plasters, etc. The powdered extracts for admixtures 
with powders, although they are also adapted for masses 
and pills. The extracts of cimcifuga. euonymus and lep- 
tandra will be found equal in therapeutic activity to the 
respective "resinoids" or "concentrations." 

EXTRACTUM ALOES. (Pulv.). Dose: 0.125 Gm., 
or 2 grains. 

EXTRACTUM BELLADONNA FOLIORUM. Alkaloid 

1.4 per cent. Dose: 0.01 Gm.. or 1/5 grain. 
EXTRACTUM CANNABIS INDICJE. Dose : 0.01 Gm., 

or 1/5 grain. 
EXTRACTUM CIMICIFUG^E. (Pulv. 4x drug). Dose: 

0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 



54 AIAM'AL OF IMIARMAt'OPKJA 

EXTRACTUM COLCHICI CORMI (Radicis '00). Al- 
kaloid 1.4 per cent. Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 

EXTRACTUM COLOCYNTHIDIS. ( Pulv. ) . Dose : 
0.03 Gm., or ] / 2 grain. 

EXTRACTUM COLOCYNTHIDIS COMPOSITUM. - 
Ext. colocynth, 16; purif. aloes, 50; resin scam- 
mony, soap pulv.. each 14; cardamom. 6 Gin. 
Uses: Pilula? cathartics coinp.: Pil. cathartics 
vegetables; also pills of the X. F. 
Dose: 0.5 Gin., or 7 1 /., grains. 

EXTRACTUM DIGITALIS. Dose: 0.01 Gm. ; equal to 
10 ing., or 1/5 grain. 

EXTRACTUM ERGOTS. Represents eight times the 
fluidextract or drug, purified and concentrated. Well 
adapted for extemporaneous preparation of solu- 
tions for hypodermic use: 

Ext. Ergot*,' U. S. (VIII). 1.25 Gm.. or 20 grains. 

Aquae bullientis. 8.75 Cc., or 140 minims. 

Filter under sterile conditions : add boiling water to 
make 30 (V. or 160 minims. Each minim represents one 
grain ergot, or 8 minims represent 1 grain ext. ergot. 
U. S. (VIII). To preserve the solution add one drop 
of either chloroform or compound solution of cresol to 
the above quantity. 

EXTRACTUM EUONYMI (Wahoo). (Pulv. 4x drug). 
Dose: 0.125 Gm.. or 2 grains. 

Extractum Ferri Pomatum, X. F. Crude malate of 
iron. Ferrated extract of apples (Extractum Pomi 
Ferratum. Ph. Ger.). 
Uses: Chalybeate tonic, hematinic. 
Dose: 0.65 Gm., or 10 grains. 

EXTRACTUM GENTI ANJE. Dose : 0.250 Gm., or 4 
grains. 

EXTRACTUM GLYCYRRHIZJE. 

Extractum Glycyrrhizae Depuratum, X. F. Purified ex- 
tract of licorice. 

EXTRACTUM GLYCYRRHIZ^ PURUM (Pure Ex- 
tract). Valuable addition to mask the taste of bit- 
ter substances. 

EXTRACTUM HJEMATOXYLI (Pulv.). Dose: 1 Gm., 
or 15 grains. 

EXTRACTUM HYOSCYAMI. (Alkaloid 0.3 per cent.). 
Dose: 0.065 Gm.. or 1 grain. 

EXTRACTUM KRAMERLE. (Pulv.) .Dose: 0.5 Gm., 
or 7 1 /? grains. 

EXTRACTUM LEPTANDR^. (Pulv. 4x drug). Dose: 
0.5 Gm., or 1% grains. 



AXD XATTOXAL FOTCMrLARY. 55 

EXTRACTUM MALTI Syrupy Extract of Malt. 

Dose: 1(> Co.. or 4 fluidrams. 
EXTRACTUM NUCIS VOMICJE. (Pulv.) .- Strychnine 

5 per cent. Dose: 0.015 Gin., equal to ] ."> mi,., or 

y 4 grain. 
EXTRACTUM OPII (Pulv.) Morphine 20 per cent. 

Dose: 0.03 Gin., or % grain. 
EXTRACTUM PHYSOSTI~GMATIS. ( Pulv. ) .Alkaloid 

2 per cent. Dose: 0.015 Gm., equal to 15 nig., or 

14 grain. 
EXTRACTUM QUASSIA. 1 Ox drug (Pulv.) .Dose: 

0.005 Gm.. or 1 grain. 
EXTRACTUM RH-AMNI PURSHIANJE (Cascara Sa- 

grada). (Pulv. 4x drug). Dose 0.250 Gm.. or 

4 grains. 

EXTRACTUM RHEL Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
EXTRACTUM SCOPOLJE. Alkaloid 2 per cent. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm.. equal to 10 ing., or 1/6 grain. 
EXTRACTUM STRAMONII (Leaves) .Alkaloid 1 per 

cent. Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 ing., or 1/6 

grain. 
EXTRACTUM SUMBUL (Musk root). Dose: 0.25 

Gm., or 4 grains. 
EXTRACTUM TARAXACI (Dandelion). Dose: 1 

Gm., or 15 grains. 

FEL BOVIS Oxgall. Fresh bile of Bos Taurus. 
FEL BOVIS PURIFICATUM Purified Oxgall. Inspis- 
sated oxgall. 

Uses: Digestive, laxative. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or T'/o grains (in pill). 
In constipation with hepatic torpor: 

R. Aloini gr. v 13 

Fellis bovis insplssati 3ss 2 

Resinae podophylli gr. ii 

Ipecacuanha gr. iv | -") 

M. et flant pilulae No. xxv. Sig. : One pill three times 

a day. 

IRON COMPOUNDS. 

Iron forms two series of compounds: (1) Ferrous, 
usually greenish in color, and (2) ferric, usually reddish 
brown in color. 

With exception of the carbonate, the hydroxide (hy- 
drate) and the hypophosphke, they are all very soluble 
in water: they are insoluble in alcohol. The so-called 
scaled salts are all ferric compounds of phosphoric acid, 
or the organic acids, citric and tartaric: they are ren- 
dered more soluble in combination with the citrates, 
tart rates and phosphates of the respective alkalies: am- 



50 MAXTAL OF PII AKMACOI'KIA 

monium, potassium and sodium, and some are known an 
"soluble" salts. The dose of the scale salts, with one 
'\<vpi ion (that containing strychnine), is 0.2") Gin., or 
4 grains. The Latin titles do not distinguish between 
the- ferric and ferrous compounds, but they aiv so dis- 
tinguished in the Knglish titles. 

FERRI CARBONAS SACCHARATUS Saceharated Fer- 
rous Carbonate. Ferrous carbonate 15 per cent., 
preserved in sugar. 

Greenish-brown powder, partially soluble in water. 
Uses: Chalybeate tonic. 
Dose: 0.25 Om., or 4 grains. 
Massa Ferri Carbonatis, U. S. (Vallet's). Dose: 0.25 

(im., or 4 grains. 
Pihilae Ferri Carbonatis, U. S. (Eland's) .Dose: 2 

pills. 
Mistura Ferri Composita. V. S. (Criffith's) . Dose: 

10 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

FERRI CHLORIDUM Ferric Chloride. Fe 22 per cent. 
Orange-yellow crystalline crusts, very deliquescent. 
Dose: 0.005 Cm., or 1 grain. 
Liquor Ferri Chloridi. U. S. Dose: 0.1 Cc., or 1% 

minims. 
Tinctura Ferri Chloridi, U. S. Dose: O.o Cc., or 8 

minims. 

Tinctura Ferri Citro-Chloridi. X. F. 
FERRI CITR AS Ferric Citrate. Fe 10 per cent, 

Garnet red scales, slowly but completely soluble In 
water. 
Uses: For pill masses. 

FERRI HYDROXIDUM Ferric Hydrate. 

Freshly prepared, brownish-red magma, insoluble in 
water. 

FERRI HYDROXIDUM CUM MAGNESII OXIDO Fer- 
ric Hydroxide with Magnesium Oxide. 

ARSENIC ANTIDOTE : To be freshly prepared when 
wanted as follows: Magnesium oxide 10 Gm. (2% 
drams) ; rub with water to a smooth thin mixture, trans- 
fer to a bottle of about 1000 Cc. (32 fl. oz.) capacity. 
Fill the bottle to three-fourths full with water, shake 
thoroughly and add it gradually to the following solu- 
tion contained in a similar bottle. Solution ferric sul- 
phate 40 Cc. (10 fluidrams) previously diluted with 
water 1'2~> Cc. (4 fl. ozs.) and shake together until a 
uniform mixture results. 
Dose: 120 Cc. (4 fluidounces). 

FERRI HYPOPHOSPHIS Ferric Hypophosphite. 

Grayish-white powder, practically insoluble in water, 
more readily soluble in liquids containing dilute hypo- 
phosphorous acid and in concentrated solutions of alkali 
citrates. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 57 

Uses: Hematinic, nerve nutrient. 
Dose: 0.2 ("Jin., or 3 prams. 

Elixir Ferri Hypophosphitis, X. F. Syrupus. X. F. 
FERRI PHOSPHAS SOLUBILIS Fe 12 per cent. 

Bright green scales, freely and completely soluble in 
water. 

Klixir Ferri, Quinine et Strychnine Phosphatum, U. S. 
Elixir Ferri Phosphatis, X. F. 
Puivis Ferri Phosphatis Effervescent, X. F. 
FERRI PYROPHOSPHAS SOLUBILIS- Fe 10 per cent. 
Apple-green scales, freely and completely soluble in 
water. 

Uses: Chalybeate tonic. 
Elixir Ferri Pyrophosphatis, X. F. 
Elixir Ferri Pyrophosphatis Quininae et Strychnimr, 

X. F. 
FERRI SULPHAS Ferrous Sulphate. 

Bluish-green prisms, soluble in <>.<) part water, in 0.3 
boiling water, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Disinfectant, deodorant. 
"Massa Ferri v arbonatis. I'. S. 
Liquor Zinci et Ferri Compositus, X. F. 
FERRI SULPHAS EXSICCATUS Dried Ferrous Sul- 
phate. 

Orysta Mixed ferrous sulphate dried until it losos about 
one-third its weight of water and forms a grayish-white 
nowder. 

Dose: 0.125 dm., or 2 grains. 
Pilulte Aloes et Ferri. T T . S. 

FERRI SULPHAS GRANTTLATTTS ( Precipitatus, ; 00). 
Crystallized ferrous sulphate, obtained in granular 
form. 

Uses: Astringent, chalybeate tonic. 
Dose: 0.20 Gin., or 3 grains. 
Pilulae Ferri Carbonatis, U. S. 
Mistura Splenetica, X. F. 

FERRI ET AMMONII CITRAS Soluble Citrate of Iron. 
Fe 16 per cent. 

Keadilv and completely soluble in water. 
Uses: Vinum Ferri. U. S. 
Dose: 8 Co.. or 2 fhiidrams. 

FERRI ET AMMONII SULPHAS. Iron and Ammonia 
Alum. Fe 11.5 per cent. 

Pale violet crystals, readily soluble in water. 

Uses: Astringent, hematinic, styptic. 
Dose: 0.5 dm., or 7 1 /. Drains. 

FERRI ET AMMONII TARTRAS. Fe l:J per cent. 
Scales, red to reddish brown. 

Uses: Non-astringent, clialvbeatr tonic 
FERRI ET POTASSII TARTRAS Fe 15 per cent. 



58 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Scales, red to reddish brown : precipitated, from 
watery solution by alcoholic liquids. 
Uses: Non-astringent, hematinic. 

FERRI ET QUININE CITRAS Fe 13.5 per cent. 
Should contain not less than 11.5 quinine. 

Reddish-brown scales, slowly but complete, A soluble in 
water. 

Uses: In the form of powder or pills 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

FERRI ET QUININE CITRAS SOLUBILIS Soluble 
Iron and Quinine Citrate. 

Same iron and quinine strength as preceding ; green- 
ish or golden-yellow scales, rapidly and completely 
soluble in water, also in dilute alcoholic liquids. 
Uses: Antiperiodic, bitter chalybeate tonic. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

Vinum Ferri Amarum, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fldrs. 
Pulvis Ferri et Quininap Citratis Effervescens, N. F. 
FERRI ET STRYCHNINE CITRAS Fe 16 per cent. 
Should contain not less than 0.9 per cent, nor more 
than 1 per cent, strychnine. 

Red to yellowish-brown scales, readily and completely 
soluble in water, also in dilute alcoholic liquids. 
Uses; Chalybeate, nerve tonic. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm.. or 2 grains. 
FERRUMFe. Metallic Iron in the form of wire. 
FERRUM REDUCTUM Reduced Iron Iron by Hydro- 
gen Quevenne's Iron. 

Very fine grayish-black powder, containing not less 
than 90 per cent, pure metallic iron, insoluble in water 
or alcohol. 

Uses: Hematinic, tonic. 
Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Pilulse Metallorum, N. F. 
In anemia with intolerance to soluble salts of iron: 

R. Ferri reducti gr. xxx 2| 

Sacchari lactis 3i 4 

Alcohol q. s. 

M. et fiant tabellse triturationes No. 50. Sig. : One 
tablet after meals. 
FICUS. Fruit of Ficus carica. 

FLUIDEXTRACTA FLUIDEXTRACTS. 

(Extracta Fluida. U. S. '90.) 

Fluidextracts are liquid extracts of drugs of uniform 
drug strength, viz.: 1 Cc. represents the soluble con- 
stituents of 1 Gm. of the drug (practically 1 grain of 
drug to the minim) . 

In those indicated the strength is fixed by the alka- 
loidal percentage. The solvents or menstrua are alcohol, 
or alcohol and water, and sometimes glycerin in various 
proportions. In a few the menstruum is alkaline; in 






AXn XATTOXAL FORMULARY. f>0 

others acid. Two lluidextraets are prepared with 10 
per cent, acetic acid. which is indicated. For uses see 
the respective drugs. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM ACONITI Aconite (Aconitinc 0.4 

per cent.). Dose: 0.05 Ce., or 1 niiniui. 
Fluidextractum Adonidis, X. F. Bird's Eye. Dose: 0.13 

Co., or 2 minims. 
Fluidextractum Aletridis, X. F. Stargrass. Dose: 2 

Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Angelicas Radicis, N. F. Angelica. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Apii Graveolentis, X. F. Celery. Dose : 

J Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM APOCYNI Apocynum. Dose : 1 

Cc., or 15 minims. 
Fluidextractum Araliae Racemosaa, X'. F. American 

Spikenard. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Arnicse Florum, X. F. Arnica. Dose: 

1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM AROMATICUM Pulvis Aromati- 

cus. Valuable as an addition to liquid mixtures to 

cover the taste of drugs. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM AURANTII AMARI Bitter 

Orange Peel. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM BELLADONNA RADICIS Bella- 
donna Root (Alkaloids 0.4 per cent.). Dose: 0.05 

Cc., or 1 minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM BERBERIDIS Berberis. Dose : 2 

Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Boldo, X T . F. Boldo. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

S minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM BUCHU Buchu. Dose: 2 Cc.. or 

30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Buchu Compositum, N. F. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims, representing about 1.3 Cm. (20 grs. ) 

buchu and 0.25 Cm. (4 grs.) each, cubeb, juniper 

and uva ursi. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CALAMI Calamus. Dose: 1 Cc.. 

or 15 minims. , 

Fluidextractum Calendulas, X. F. Marigold. Dose: 1 

Cc.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CALUMBJE Calumba. Dose: 2 

Cc.. or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Camellias, X. F. Tea. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 



CO IMAM'AT, OF I'lIAiniAC'OPElA 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM CANNABIS INDICT Indian 

Hemp. --Dose: O.O.") (V.. or 1 minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CAPSICI ( 'apsicum. Dose: 0.05 

Cc., or 1 minim. 
Fluidextractum Caulophylli, X. F.- J'.luc Coliosli. Dose: 

0.5 ('(.-., or 8 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CHIMAPHIL^E Chimaphila. - 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CHIRATJE Chirata. Dose: 1 

Cc., or IT) minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CIMICIFUGJE Cimicifuga. - 

Dose: 1 Co., or 15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM CINCHONAS Cinchona (Alka- 
loids 4 per rent.). Dose: 1 Co., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM COC^E Coca (Alkaloids 0.5 per 

cent.). Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Coffeae Tostae, X. F. Roasted Coffee. 

Dose: 2 Co., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Coffese Viridis, X. F. Green Coffee. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM COLCHICI SEMINIS Colchicum 

Seed (Alkaloids 0.4 per cent.) .Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 

3 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CONII Comum (Alkaloids 0.45 

per cent. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CONVALLARLffi Convallaria. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Fluidextractum Convallariae (Florwn). X. F. Lily of 

ill" Valley. Dose: 0.5 Cc.. or 8 minims. 
Fluidextractum Coptis, X. F. Goldthread. Dose: 2 Cc.. 

or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Cornus, X. F. Dogwood. Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
Fluidextractum Cornus Circinatse, X'. F. Oeen Osier. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Fluidextractum Corydalis, X. F. Turkey Corn. Dose: 

0.05 Cc., or 10 minims. 

Fluidextractum Coto, X. F. Dose: 0.3 Cc., or 5 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CUBEB^ Cubeb. Dose : 1 Cc.. 

or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM CYPRIPEDII Cypripedium. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM DIGITALIS Digitalis. Dose: 

0.05 Cc., or 1 minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM ERGOT^E Ergot. Dose: 2 Cc... 

or 30 minims. 



A XI) XATTOXAL FORMFLAKY. Cl 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM ERIODICTYI Yerba Santa.- 
Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM EUCALYPTI. Uses: An ti peri- 
odic; Ionic; ant ima lan'al. Dose: -J (V.. or .'!() 
minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM EUONYMI Euc.n ymus. Dose : 
0.5 Co., or 8 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM EUPATORII Kupatorium. Dose : 
2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM FRANGULJE Fran<rula. Dose: 1 
Cc., or 15 minims. 

Fluidextractum Fuci, X. F. Bladder -wrack. Dose: 0.05 
Cc., or 10 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GELSEMII Olsemium. Dose : 
0.05 Co., or 1 minim. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GENTIANS Gentian. Dose : 1 
Cc., or 15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GERANH Geranium. Dose: 1 
Cc., or 15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTR ACTUM GLYCYRRHIZJE Glycyrrhiza. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GRANATI Pomegranate. Dose : 
2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GRINDELIJE Grindelia. Dose : 
2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM GUARAItffi Guarana (Alkaloids 
3.5 per cent.). Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM HAMAMELIDIS FOLIORUM 
Hamamelis Leaves. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

Fluidextractum Helianthemi, N. F. Frost wort.- Dose: 
4 Cc., or 1 flnidram. 

Fluidextractum Humuli, X. F. Hops. Dose, 2 Cc., or 30 
minims. 

Fluidextractum Hydrangeae, X. F. Seven Barks. Dose: 
2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM HYDRASTIS Hydrastis (Alka- 
loids 2 per cent.). Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM HYOSCYAMI Hyoscyamus (Al- 
kaloids 0.075 per cent.). Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM IPECACUANHA Ipecac (Alka- 
loids 1.5 per cent.). Dose: Kinetic, 1 Cc., or 15 
minims; expectorant, 0.05 Cc.. or 1 minim. 

Fluidextractum Jalapse, X. F. Jalap. Dose: 1 Cc., or 
15 minims. 

Fluidextractum Juglandis, X. F. P.iittermit. Dose: 4 
Cc., or 1 fluidram. 



02 MAXFAT. OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Fluidextractum Juniperi, X. F. Juniper. Dose: 4 Co., 

or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Kavae, N. F. Kara. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM KRAMERIJE Krameria. -Dose: 

1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM LAPPS Lappa. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

.30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM LEPTANDRS Leptandra. - 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM LOBELIA Lobelia. Dose: 0.5 

Cc., or 8 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM LUPULINI Lupulin. Dose: 0.5 

Co., or 8 minims. 
Fluidextractum Malti, N. F. (Contains 25 per cent., 

vol., alcohol). Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM MATICO Matico. Dose: 4 Cc., 

or 1 fhiidram. 
Fluidextractum Menyanthis, N. F. Buckbean. Dose: 1 

Cc.. or 15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM MEZEREI Mezereum. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM NUCIS VOMICS Xux Vomica 

(Strychnine, 1 per cent.). Dose 0.05 Cc.. or 1 

minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM PAREIRJE Pareira. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Petroselini Radicis, N. F. Parsley. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM PHYTOLACCS Phytolacca. - 

Dose: E'metic, 1 Cc., or 15 minims; alterative. 0.1 

Cc., or Iy 2 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM PILOCARPI Pilocarpns (Alka- 
loids 0.4 per cent.). Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM PODOPHYLLI Podophyllum. - 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM PRUNI VIRGINIANS Wild 

Cherry. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM QUASSL/E Quassia. Dose: 0.5 

Cc., or 8 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM QUERCUS Quercus. Dose : 1 

( C.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM QUILLAJS Quillaja. Dose: 0.2 

Cc.. or 3 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM RHAMNI PURSHIANS Cascara 

Sagrada. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 63 

Fluidextractum Rhamni Purshianae Alkalinum, X. F. 

Bitterless Fluidextract of Cascara Sagrada. Dose: 

1 Co.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM RHAMNI PURSHIANJE ARO- 

MATICUM Cascara Sagrada (aromatic). Dose: 1 

Co., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM RHEI Rhubarb. Dose: 1 Co.. or 

15 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM RHOIS GLABRJE Rims Glabra. 

Dose: 1 Co., or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM ROS^E Rose. Dose : 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM RUBI Rubus. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SABINJE Savin. Dose : 0.3 Cc., 

or 5 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SANGUINARL& Sanguinaria 

(Acid Acetic 10 per cent.). Dose: 0.1 Cc., or 1% 

minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SARSAPARILLJE Sarsaparilla. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SARSAPARILLJE COMPOSITUM 

---Sarsaparilla Compound. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 min- 
ims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SCILLJE Squill (Acid Acetic 10 

per cent.) .Dose: 0.1 Cc.. or I 1 /, minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SCOPOL^E Scopola (Alkaloids 

0.5 per cent.). Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SCUTELLARIJE Scutelhuia. - 

Dose: 1 Co.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SENEGJE Senega. Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SENNJE Senna. Dose : 2 Cc., 

or .')() minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SERPENTARIJE Serpentaria. 

Dose: 1 Co.. or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SPIGELL& Spigelia. Dose : 4 

Co.. or 1 fluidram. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM STAPHISAGRljE Staphisagria. 

Dose: 0.05 Co., or 1 minim. 
Fluidextractum Sterculiae, X. F. -Kola. -Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
FLQIDEXTRACTUM STILLINGLE Stillingia. DOS,: 

2 Co., or 30 minims. 

Fluidextractum Stillingise Compositum, X. F. Contain- 
ing 0.5 Gin. (8 grs.) stillingia and corydalis (tur- 



C-l MAAVAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

key-corn), 0/2;") C.m. (4 grs.) each iris (blue flap), 

sambucus (elder-flowers) and chimaphila. and 0.12 

Cm. (-2 -xrs. ) each coriander and xanthoxylum. 

Dose : 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 

FLUIDEXTRACTUM STRAMONII Stramonium (Al- 
kaloids 0.25 per cent.) .Dose: 0.05 Cc.. or 1 

minim. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM SUMBUL Sumbul. Dose : 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM TARAXACI Taraxacum. Dose : 

8 Cc.. or 2 iluidrams. 
Fluidextractum Trillii, X. F. Bethroot. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM TRITICI Triticum. Dose: 8 Cc., 

or 2 flu id rams. 
Fluidextractum Turnerse, X. F. Damiana. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Urticse, X. F. Xettle. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM VVM URSIL'va Ursi. Dose: 2 

( 'c., or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM VALERIANS Valerian. Dose : 

2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM VERATRI Veratrum. Dose: 0.1 

Cc., or 1% minims. 
Fluidextractum Verbasci, X. F. Mullein. Dose: 4 Cc., 

or 1 iluidram. 
Fluidextractum Verbense, X. F. Vervain. Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM VIBURNI OPULI Viburnum 

Opulus. Dose: 2 ('<.. or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM VIBURNI PRUNIFOLII-Vibur- 

num Prunifolium. Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM XANTHOXYLI Xanthoxylum. 

Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Zeae, X. F. Indian Corn Stigma. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 Iluidram. 
FLUIDEXTRACTUM ZINGIBERIS - -( '! in^er. Dose : 

Cc.. or 15 minims. 

FCENICULUM. Fruit of Fu-niculum vulgare. 
FRANGULA. I'.aik of Ulm minis Franjjulu. 

Uses: Laxative, cathartic. 

Dose: 1 Gin., or 15 Drains. 
Fluid exiaractum Fran^ulu 1 , U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
GALLA. Excrescence on Cjucrcus infcctoria. 



AND XATTOXAL FORMULARY. C5 

Uses: Astringent, hemostatic. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7y 2 grains. 

Tinctura Gallae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Unguentum Gallae (20 per cent.). 
GAMBIR (To replace Catechu '90) .Extract prepared 

from Ourouparia Gambir. 

Uses: Astringent, hemostatic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Gambir Composita, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 

Trochisci Gambir, U. S. 
Pulvis Catechu Compositus, N. F. 
GELATINUM Gelatin. 

Gelatinum Chondri, N. F. Irish Moss Gelatin. 
GELATINUM GLYCERINATUM Glycerogelatin. Gel- 

a tin and Glycerin, equal parts. 

Flexible mass, or in pieces, readily fusible by the 

heat of the water-bath and miscible with water and 

jrlvce-in. 

Uses: As a vehicle for suppositories, which see; 
especially for urethral and vaginal use. For the ready 
incorporation of medicinal agents in the following 
preparations : 
Glycerogelatina Glycerogelatins, N. F. 

Glycerogelatinum Acidi Salicylici, 10 per cent. 
Glycerogelatimini lodoformi, 10 per cent. 
Glycerogelatinum Zinci Durum. Zinc Oxide, 10 per cent. 
Glycerogelatinum Zinci Molle, Zinc Oxide, 10 per cent. 

These are melted by gentle heat and applied with a 
pencil on the affected part. 
GELSEMIUM. Roots of Gelsemium sempervirens. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, antineuralgic, cardiac. 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 

Tinctura Gelsemii, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Fluidextractum Gelsemii, U. S. Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 

minim. 
GENTIANA. Roots of Gentiana lutea. 

Uses: Bitter stomachic, tonic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Gentianae, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
Extractum Gentianae, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 

grains. 
Tinctura Gentianae Composita, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 

1 fluidram. 

Elixir Gentiana?, N. F. 

Elixir Gentianae cum Tinctura Ferri Chloridi, N. F. 
Elixir Gentianae et Ferri Phosphatis, N. F. 



GO MAXl'AT. OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Elixir Gentiana> Glyeerinatuni, X. F. 
Infusum Genliana 1 Compositum, X. F. 
Gentian is often combined with an an! add: 

R. Sodii bicarbonatis grs. xc 6 

Tincturae gentianae comp 3x 40 

Tinct. cardamom! comp 3ii 8 

Aquae, q. s. ad 3xxv 100 

M. Sig. : Two teaspoonfuls before meals. 
GERANIUM. Rhizome of Geranium maculatum. 
Uses: Astringent, styptic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Geranii, I". S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 

GLANDULE SUPRARENALES SICC^E Desiccated Su- 
prarenal Glands. The glands of the sheep or ox. freed 
from fat, cleaned, dried and powdered; one part rep- 
resents approximately C parts fat-free, fresh glands. 
Light, yellowish-brown powder, partially soluble in 
water. 

Uses: Alterative, hemostatic, vasoconstrictor; ap- 
plied externally, either in substance in 10 per cent, 
trituration with sugar of milk or in solution from 1 to 
10 per cent, in water and filtered. Solutions of the 
alkaloids under various names, adrenalin, epinephrin, 
suprarenalin, etc., are also largely employed. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
For asthma: 

Jfc. Glandulae suprarenales siccae Si 4! 

Aqua? fl. 5iv 15 1 

Sig. : Instill a few drops into nostrils. 

H. Glandule? suprarenales siccae 3ii 8| 

Fiant tabellae compressor No. xxv. Sig. : Dissolve a 
tablet in the mouth every three or four hours in con- 
junction with the preceding. 

GLANDULE THYROIDE^E SICC-ffi Desiccated Thyroid 
Glands.- The glands of sheep freed from fat, 
cleaned, dried and powdered. One part represents 
approximately 5 parts of the fresh glands. 

Yellowish amorphous powder partially soluble in 
water. 

Uses: Alterative, antifat. hemostatic. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains, in powder, capsule or 
cachet. 
GLYCERINUM Glycerin. Glycerol, 95 per cent. 

Liquid, s. g. 1.246, soluble in all proportions of water 
and of alcohol : also in a mixture of 3 vols. alcohol and 
1 ether, insoluble in ether, chloroform, benzin, fixed and 
volatile oils. 

Uses: Chiefly as a solvent; in preparing the glycer- 
ites. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Suppositoria Glycerini. U. S. 



AXD XATIOXAL FORMULARY. C7 

GLYCERITA GLYCERITES. 

Solutions of medicinal substances in Glycerin. 
GLYCERITUM ACIDI TANNICI Tannic Acid. 20 per 
cent, by weight. 
Uses: Astringent, antiseptic. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 

GLYCERITUM AMYLI Unguentum Glycerini. Starch, 
10 per cent. 

Uses: Emollient; vehicle for external uses. 
Glyceritum Bismuthi, X. F. 4 Cc. (1 fluidram) contains 
about 1 Gm. (15 grs.) bismuth and sodium tartrate. 
Uses: For preparing Liquor Bismuthi, X. F. 
Dose: 0.6 Cc., or 10 minims. 

GLYCERITUM BOROGLYCERINL 50 per cent, solu- 
tion of Glycoryl boride in Glycerin. 
Uses: Antiseptic, preservative; more convenient to 
use than the semi-solid Boroglyceride. In washes, in- 
jection, suppositories, etc. 

GLYCERITUM, FERRI, QUININJE ET STRYCHNINE 
PHOSPHATUM. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims, containing about 0.08 
Gm. (114 grs.) soluble ferric phosphate, 0.12 Gm. (2 
grs.) quinine phosphate, and 0.8 mg. (1/80 gr.) 
strychnine. 

Uses: Chalybeate nerve tonic; for preparing Syr- 
upus ferri, quininse strychnin* phosphatum, U. S. 
Glyceritum Guaiaci, X'. F. Containing in 4 Cc., or 1 
fluidram, 0.3 Gm. (5 grs.) Guaiac in alkaline men- 
struum. 

Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims (diluted). 
GLYCERITUM HYDRASTIS (Fluidextractum Hydra s- 
tis Aquosum). Eacli Cc. represents 1 Gm. of the 
principles of hydrastis soluble in water, in solution 
of equal volumes glycerin and water; forms clear 
solution with water. 

Uses: Astringent, antiphlogistic, tonic; in 10 to 
20 per cent, solution as lotion, injection, etc. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Glyceritum Pepsini, X. F. Glycerole of Pepsin. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, represents 0.3 Gm., or 5 
grains Pepsin. 

GLYCERITUM PHENOLIS (Glyceritum Acidi Carbolici, 
U. S., '90). Liquified Carbolic Acid, 20 Cc. in 100 
Cc. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipruritic. 
Dose: 0.3 Cc.. or 5 minims. 
Glyceritum Picis Liquidae (Tar), X. F. 



68 MAXTAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing about 0.25 
Gm. (4 grs.) tar. 

Glyceritum Tragacanthae, X. F. Semi -solid mass con- 
taining 12.5 per cent, tragacanth. 
GLYCERYLIS NITRAS. See Spiritns. 
GLYCYRRHIZA. Root of Glycyrrhiza glabra. 

Uses: Demulcent, expectorant. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Glycyrrhizse, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 
Extra ctum Glycyrrhizae Purum, U. S. Dose: 1 Gin., 

or 15 grains. 
Mistura Glycyrrhiza? Composita, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., 

or 2 fluidrams. 
Pulvis Glycyrrhizae Compositus, U. S. Dose: 4 Gm., 

or 60 grains. 

Trochisci Glycyrrliizfp et Opii, U. S. 
Elixir Glycyrrhizae, X. F. 
Elixir Glycyrrhizae Aromaticum, X. F. 
Syrupus Glycyrrhizse, X. F. 
GLYCYRRHIZINUM AMMONIATUM "Glycyrrhi/in." 

The sweet principle of licorice combined with 

ammonia to make it soluble. 

Brownish-red scales, readily soluble in water and in 
alcohol, precipitated by dilute acids. 
Uses: To disguise the bitter taste of quinine, etc. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 

GOSSYPII CORTEX. Bark of root Gossypium herba- 
ceum. 

Uses: Emmenagogue, oxytocic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 

Fluidextractum Gossypii Radicis ('90). Dose: 2 Cc., 
or 30 minims. 

GOSSYPIUM PURIFICATUM "Absorbent" Cotton^ 
Purified Cotton. 

Gossypium Stypticum, X. F. Cotton saturated with a 
dilute solution ferric chloride, containing a little 
glycerin, pressed and dried. 

GRANATUM. Bark of stem and root Punica Granatum. 

Uses: Anthelmintic, teniafuge. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Granati, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
GRINDELIA. Leaves and tops of Grindelia robusta. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, expectorant. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 




AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 69 

Fluidextractum Grindelife, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Elixir Grindelia-, X. F. 

GUAIACOL. One of the chief constituents of Creosote. 
Colorless, refractive liquid, s. g. 1.14, or crystalline 
solid ; soluble in 53 parts water ; in alcohol and ether 
in all proportions. 

Uses: Antituberculous, anodyne, antipyretic. 
Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims; in capsules; also in 
elixir. 
GUAIACOLIS CARBONAS. Guaiacol Carbonate. 

White crystalline powder, insoluble in water, soluble 
in 48 parts alcohol, 1.5 parts chloroform. 13 parts ether, 
slightly soluble in glycerin and fixed oils. 
Uses: Antiseptic (intestinal), antitubcrcular. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (in capsule). 
GUAIACUM. Resin of wood of Guaiacum officinale. 

Uses: Alterative, antirheumatic, diaphoretic, em- 
menagogue. 

Dose: 1 Gm.. or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Guaiaci, U. S. 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Tinctura Guaiaci Ammonia ta, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 

Tinctura Guaici Composita, X. F. 

Tinctura Anatacrida (Fcnner's Guaiac Mixture), X. F. 
Mistura Guaiaci. X. F. 
Glyceritum Guaiaci, X. F. 

GUARANA. Paste of seeds of Faullinia cupana. 
Should contain not less than 3.5 per cent, alkaloidal 
principles (chiefly caffeine). 
Uses: Analgesic, nerve tonic, stimulant. 
Dose: 2 Gm.. or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Guarana 1 , U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Elixir Guaraiiip. X. F. 
Elixir Cocae et Guaranee, X. F. 

H^MATOXYLON. Heartwood ILematoxylon Campech- 
ianum. 

Use: Astringent. 
Extractum Haemotoxylon, U. S. Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 

grains. 
HAMAMELIDIS CORTEX. Bark of Hamamelis virgini- 

ana. 

Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, hemostatic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Aqua Hamamclidis, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams; 

rarely internally. 
HAMAMELIDIS FOLIA (Hamamelis '90). 



70 MAX UAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Uses: Same as bark. 
Fluidextractum Hamamelidis Foliorum, U. S. Dose: 

2 Cc v or 30 minims. 

HEDEOMA. Leaves and tops Hedeoma pulegioides. 
Uses: Aromatic stimulant, emmenagogue. 
Dose: 8 Gm., or 120 grains. 

HEXAMETHYLENAMINA - Hexamethylenamine - 
Hexamethylene-tetramine. Condensation product 
obtained by the action of ammonia on formaldehyde. 
Colorless crystals, soluble in 1.5 parts water. 10 parts 
alcohol, 228 parts ether ; decomposed by acids and alka- 
lies. 

Uses: Urinary antiseptic, antilithic, diuretic. Oc- 
curs in the market under many different names uro- 
tropin, cystogen, uriform, aminoform, uritone, formine, 
etc. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains, in solution or in effer- 
vescent combinations. See Pulveres Effervescentes. 
HOMATROPINJE HYDROBROMIDUM. Hydrobromide 
of an alkaloid, by the condensation of tropine and 
mandelic acid. 

White crystalline powder, or prisms, soluble in 5.7 
parts water. 32.5 parts alcohol, practically insoluble in 
chloroform or ether. 

Uses: Mydriatic, chiefly in 1 per cent, solution. 
Dose: 0.0005 Gm., equal to 0.5 mg., or 1/128 grain. 
HUMULUS. Strobiles of Humulus Lupulus. 
Uses: Bitter tonic, sedative, soporific. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Humuli, N. F. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Elixir Humuli, X. F. 

HYDRARGYRUM Mercury Quicksilver. Hg., Metal ; 
liquid s. g. 13.535. 

Insoluble in ordinary solvents, but miscible with 
saccharine substances and fats through which, by trit- 
uration, the particles of tho metal may be so finely 
divided as not to be discernible by the naked eye and 
become exceedingly active medicinally. 
The following preparations of the metal are official: 
HYDRARGYRUM CUM CRETA. Mercury with Chalk, 
38 per cent. Hg. 

A light grey powder, insoluble in neutral liquids. 
Uses: Intestinal antiseptic, cholagogue. 
Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Massa Hydrargyri, U. S. (33 per cent.). Dose: 0.2t 

Gm., or 4 grains. 
Unguentum Hydrargyri, U. S. (50 per cent.). 






AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 71 

rnguentum llydrargyri Dilutuin, V. S. (33 %). 

nlcatnm Hydrargyri, I". 8. (25 %). 

Emplastruiii Hydrargyri. l : . S. (30 %). 
COMPOUNDS OF MERCURY. 

Mercury forms two series of compounds which are not 
distinguished in the Latin titles as they are in their 
English titles: 

1. Mercuroj/s, sparingly soluble and less active, and 

2. MercunV, more readily soluble in water and alcohol 
and so irritant as to be classed with the poisons. 

Poison. Antidote: Albumen, egg white, milk. 
PROPERTIES. The jncrcurouH compounds, of which the 
chloride (calomel) is a type, powerfully stimulate the 
glandular system and are antiseptic and alterative. The 
ii/rrciiric compounds, of which the chloride (corrosive 
sublimate) is a type, are potent alteratives and powerful 
antiseptics and germicides. They may easily be distin- 
guished by the different coloration produced with liquor 
calcis (lime Mater). See Lotio Flava and Lotio Nigra, 
N.F. 

HYDRARGYRI CHLORIDUM CORROSIVUM Mercuric 
Chloride. Bichloride of Mercury. 

Heavy crystals, or crystalline masses, soluble in 13 
parts water, 3 parts alcohol. 14 parts glycerin. 

INCOMPATIBLE with : alkalies, salts of copper, lead 
and zinc. For solution 2 in 1,000 : mercuric chloride 
2 Gm.. sterile water 1.000 Cc., or 29 grains to 32 fl. oz. 
Uses: Antiseptic, germicidal, alterative. 
Dose: 0.003 Gin., equal to 3 mg., or 1/20 grain. 
Lotio Flava, X. F. 

HYDRARGYRI CHLORIDUM MITE Mild Mercurous 
Chloride. Calomel. 

White powder, insoluble in water, alcohol, ether. 
INCOMPATIBLE : Alkalies, iodine, iodides and bromides. 
Uses: Intestinal antiseptic, cholagogue, cathartic, 
alterative, ant {syphilitic. 

Dose: Laxative. 0.125 Gm. (2 grs.) ; alterative, 
0.065 Gm. (1 gr.). 

Pilulae Cathartics Compositae, U. S. Dose: 2. 
Pulvis Hydra rsyri Mitis et Jalap*. X. F. 
Lotio Xigra, X. F. 

R. Hydrargyri chloridi mitis gr. x |f>5 

Sacchari lactis gr. Ix 4| 



Alcohol q. s. 
M. Ft. tabellse triturationes No. r0. 
In acute constipation with biliousness: 

R. Hydrargyri chloridi mitis gr. x 

Sodii bicarbonatis 

Sacchari lactis ana. aa gr. C 

M. et fiant capsulae gelatini No. 50. 



65 



72 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

HYDRARGYRI IODIDUM FLAVUM Yellow Mercurous 

Iodide. Protoiodicle. 

Bright yellow powder, insoluble in water, alcohol, etc. 

Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic (in pill). 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain. 
HYDRARGYRI IODIDUM RUBRUM Red Mercuric 

Iodide. Biniodide. 

Scarlet red powder, almost insoluble in water, soluble 
in 1H5 parts alcohol. 85 parts ether. 

Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic. 

Dose: 0.003 Gm., equal to 3 mg., or 1/20 grain. 
Liquor Arseni et llydrargyri lodidi, U. S. Dose: 0.2 

Co., or 3 minims. 
Liquor Hvdrargvri et Potassii lodidi (Channing's) , 

N. F. 

HYDRARGYRI OXIDUM FLAVUM Yellow Mercuric 
Oxide. 

Orange-yellow heavy impalpable powder, almost in- 
soluble in water, insoluble in alcohol. 

Uses: Externally; alterative, stimulant, parasiti- 
cide, in ophthalmia, 'as ointment from y, to 2 per cent. 
I'nguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Flavi, U, S. (10 per 

cent.) . 

HYDRARGYRI OXIDUM RUBRUM Red Mercuric Ox- 
ide. Red Precipitate. 

Heavy orange-red scales or crystalline powder, almost 
insoluble in water, insoluble iu alcohol. 
Uses: Externally only; alterative, antisyphilitic, 
parasiticide. 
Unguentum Hydrargyri Oxidi Rubri, U. S. (10 per 

cent.). 

HYDRARGYRUM AMMONIATUM Ammoniated Mer- 
cury. White Precipitate. 

White pulverulent pieces or powder, insoluble in water 
or alcohol. 

Uses: Externally; antiparasitic, antisyphilitic. 
Uny-uentum Hydrarayri Ammoniati, V. S. (10 per 

cent.). 
HYDRASTINA. Alkaloid (white) from Hydrastis. 

White, sometimes large prisms, almost insoluble in 
water, soluble in 135 parts alcohol, 124 parts ether, 2 
parts chloroform. 

Uses: Alterative, bitter tonic, uterine hemostatic, 
sedative. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain. 
Externally in solution, sometimes with bismuth 
citrate. 
In acute vaginitis, simple or gonorrheal: 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 73 

R. Hydrastinae gr. vi 14 

BoroglycerinI 

Gelatini glycerin at I, jiji 3iii 12| 

Fiant suppositoria vaginalia No. vi. Sig. : Insert a 
suppository after hot douche twice or thrice daily. 
HYDRASTININJE HYDROCHLORIDUM. Hydrochlor- 
ide of an artificial alkaloid derived from Hydrastis. 
Yellowish white needles or crystalline powder, very 
soluble in water and in alcohol. 
Uses: Uterine hemostatic, vasoconstrictor. 
Dose: 0.030 Gm., equal to 30 mg., or i/ grain 
(pill). 

HYDRASTIS. Pvhizome of Hydrastis canadensis. 2.5 
per cent. Hydrastine. 

Uses: Alterative, astringent, hemostatic, cholagogue. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 

Tinctura Hydrastis, U. S. Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Hydrastis, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 m. 

Glyceritum Hydrastis,. U. S. 
Syrupus Rhei et Potassae Compositus, N. F. 
HYOSCIN^: HYDROBROMIDUM. Hydrobromide of an 
alkaloid chemically identical with seopolamine, ob- 
tained from hyoscyamus and other plants of the 
Solanaceae. 

Rhombic crystals, soluble in 1.5 parts water, 16 parts 
alcohol. T.~)0 parts chloroform, insoluble in ether. 
Uses: Hypnotic, sedative (in granules). 
Dose: 0.0005 Gm.. equal to 0.5 mg., or 1/128 grain. 
To induce sleep in melancholia, neurasthenia and 



mania 



008 



R. Hyoscinae hydrobromidi gr. 1/8 

Camphors monobromatse 3i 4 

M. Fiant capsuljp No. xv. Sig. : One capsule at bed 
time: repeat in six hours if required. 

HYOSCYAMIN^E HYDROBROMIDUM. Alkaloid from 
Hyoscyamus. 

Crystals or resin-like mass, very soluble in water, 
alcohol and chloroform, insoluble in ether. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, hypnotic, sedative (in gran- 
ules ) . 

Dose: 0.0005 Gm., equal to 0.5 mg., or 1/128 grain. 
HYOSCYAMIN^) SULPHAS Alkaloid from Hyoscya- 
mus. 

Crystals or white powder, very soluble in water and 
in alcohol. 

Uses: Similar to the Hydrobromide (in granules). 
Dose: 0.0005 Gm., equal to 0.5 ing.. O r 1/128 grain. 
HYOSCYAMUS. Leaves and tops of Hyoscyamus niger. 
0.08 per cent, alkaloids. 
Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, sedative. 



71 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Tinctura Hyoscyami, U. S. (10 per cent.).- Dose: 2 

Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Hyoscyami, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 

3 minims. 
Extractum Hyoscyami, U. S. Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 

grain. 

Oleum Hyoscyami Compositum, X. F. 
' INFUSA INFUSIONS. 

Infusions not otherwise directed are prepared by the 
following general formula: Take of the drug (cut or 
bruised), 5 Gm. (75 grains), boiling Avater sufficient to 
make 100 Cc. (25 fluidrams). The boiling water is 
poured on the drug contained in non-metallic vessel and 
left to stand, well covered, for one-half hour in a warm 
place; it is then expressed and water added through 
strainer to make up to the required measure. Infusions 
should not be made from fluidextracts. 

CAUTIOX. With potent drugs the strength should be 
specified by the prescriber. 

The following infusions are of different strength and 
are prepared by special methods: 
INFUSUM DIGITALIS. 

!. Digitalis gr. xxv 1 5 

Alcoholis fl. oiiss 10 

Aqua? cinnamomi fl. 3iv 15 

Aqua 1 bullientis, q. s fl. Sxxv 100 

Use: Diuretic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Infusum Gentianae Compositum, X. F. 

Dose: 16 Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. representing 0.5 Gm. 
(1% grs.) gentian; 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) each coriander 
and bitter orange peel. 

INFUSUM PRUNI VIRGINIAN^. Wild cherry, 4 Gm. 
in 100 Cc. 

Dose: 60 Cc.. or 2 fluid ounces. 

Infusum Rosae Compositum, X.F. Red rose, 1.3 Gm. (20 
grs); dilute sulphuric acid, 0.9 Cc. (13 minims); 
sugar, 4 Gm. (60 grs.) ; boiling water to 100 Cc. (25 
fluidrams) . 

INFUSUM SENNJE COMPOSITUM (Black Draught). 
Dose: 120 Cc., or 4 fluid ounces, representing about 
7 Gm. (100 grs.) senna, 14 Gm. (200 grs.) each manna 
and magnesium sulphate, with fennel. 
IODOFORMUM lodoform Triiodomethane. 

Lemon-yellow powder, or crystals, practically insoluble 
in water, soluble in 46.7 parts alcohol, 5.2 parts ether, 
and in fixed and volatile oils and glycerin. 



AND XATIOXAL FORMULARY. 75 

Uses: Antiseptic, alterative, antitubercular ; in the 
form of powder, as dusting powder, or diluted; also as 
dressing, gauze or cotton, 5 to 20 per cent, strength. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains (internally in pill). 
Pulvis lodoformi Compositus, N. F. Collodium, N. F. 
In gonorrhea! vaginitis: 

R. lodoformi grxv 1 

Acid tannic grxv 1 

Olei theobromatis 3iii 12 

Fiant suppositoria vaginalia No. vi. Sig. : Insert one 
suppository twice daily after using douche, 
lodoformum Aromatisatum Deodorized lodoform, N. F. 
lodoform containing 4 per cent. Cumarin. The odor 
of iodoform may be removed by washing in aqueous 
solution of tannic acid. 

IODOLUM lodol Tetraiodopyrrol 89 per cent. I. 
Derivative of pyrrol by action of iodine. 

Grayish brown crystalline powder, practically in- 
soluble in water, soluble in l..~> parts ether. 105 parts 
chloroform and in fixed oils. 

Uses: Similar to iodoform. (said to be without un- 
toward effects). 

Dose: 0.250 dm., or 4 grains. 
IODUM Iodine (Resublimed i . 

Heavy bluish-black plates, s. g. 4.9o, practically in- 
soluble in water, soluble in 10 parts alcohol, freely in 
ether, chloroform and carbon disulphide. 
Uses: Alterative; externally antiseptic, discutient. 
Dose: 0.005 Gm., equal to 5*mg. or 1/10 grain. 

Tinctura lodi, U. S. (7 per cent.). 

Liquor Jodi Compositus ; U. 8. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 
minims. 

Unguentum lodi, U. S. (4 per cent.). 

Liquor lodi Carbolatus, N. F. 

Liquor Todi Causticus. X. F. 

Tinctura lodi, Churchill, N. F. 

Tinctura lodi Decolorata, N. F. 

Linimentum lodi, N. F. 

Collodium lodatum. N. F. 

Acidum Carbolicum lodatum (Phenol lodatum), X. F 

Amylum lodatum, X. F. (U. S. '80.) 
IPECACUANHA. Root of Cepha?lis Ipecacuanha, or of 
C. acuminata (Carthagena) 1.75 per cent, alka- 
loids. 

Uses: Expectorant, sedative, stomachic, emetic. 
Dose: Expectorant, 0.065 Gm. (1 gr.) ; emetic. 1 

Gm. (15 grs.) 

Fluidextractum Ipecacuanha 3 , U. S. Dose: Expector- 
ant. 0.05 Cc.; emetic, 1 Cc. 



76 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Syrupus Ipecacuanha, U. S. Dose: Expectorant, 1 

Cc., or 15 minims. 

Vinum Ipecacuanhas, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Tinctura Ipecacuanhas et Opii, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., 

or 8 minims. 
Pulvis Ipecacuanhas et Opii, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Gin., or 

7y 2 grains. 

Syrupus Ipecacuanhas et Opii, N. F. 
Trochisci Ipecacuanhas, N. F. 

JALAPA. Tuberous root Exoginum purga. Should 

contain 7 per cent, resin; 1.5 per cent, resin soluble 

in ether. 

Uses: Hydragoge cathartic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Resina Jalapse, U. S. Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 
Pulvis Jalapas Compositus, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 

7y 2 grains. 

Fluidextractum Jalapae, N. F. 
Tinctura Jalapae Comp., N. F. 

KAOLINUM Kaolin (Pipe Clay China Clay). Na- 
tive aluminum silicate, powdered and purified by 

elutriation. 

Uses: In preparing catasplasm. 
Cataplasm a Kaolini. 
KINO. Inspissated juice of Pterocarpus marsupium. 

Dark red pieces, slowly soluble in water, readily In 

alcohol, insoluble in ether. 

Uses: Astringent, styptic. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Tinctura Kino, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Tinctura Kino Composita, N. F. 
Pulvis Kino Compositus, N. F. 

KRAMERIA. Root of Krameria triandra; K. Ixina and 
K. argentea. 

Uses: Astringent, hemostatic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Krameriae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextractum Krameriae, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
Extractum Krameriae, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% 

grains. 

Syrupus Krameriae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Trochisci Krameriae, U. S. 
Lac Fermentatum, N. F. Kumyss. Fermented cow's 

milk. 
Lac Humanisatum, N. F. Humanized milk. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 77 

T$. Humanizing milk powder (X. F.) . . gr. c 6 

Fresh cows' milk fl. Sii 62 

Fresh sweet cream fl. gss i r. 

Water fl. 5ii 62 

Triturate the milk powder with the water : transfer 
the mixture into a clean bottle containing the milk and 
cream, and immerse the bottle in water heated to 38 C. 
(100 F. ) for 15 minutes. Then pour the mixture into 
a vessel, in which heat it quickly to boiling, and then 
immediately allow it to cool to the body temperature. 

NOTE. Humanized Milk should be prepared im- 
mediately before use. If the above directions are care- 
fully followed, the milk will be peptonized, and the 
pancreatin of the milk powder rendered sterile. 

LACTUCARIUM Concrete milk-juice of Lactuca virosa. 
In masses or irregular pieces, reddish-brown inter- 
nally, partly soluble in water, alcohol and in ether. 

Uses: Anodyne, sedative, soporific; the syrup as a 
substitute for opium. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Lactucarii, U. S. (50 per cent.). Dose: 2 

Cc., or 30 minims. 

Syrupus Lactucarii, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
LAPP A. Root of Arctium Lappa and other species. 

Uses: Alterative, diaphoretic. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Lappae, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
LEPTANDRA. Rhizome of Veronica virginica. 

Uses: Alterative, cholagogue, laxative. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Leptandrae, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 

minims. 
Extractum Leptandrse, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 

grains. 
LIMONIS CORTEX. Fresh rind of fruit Citrus Lim- 

onum.. 

Tinctura Limonis, U. S. 
LIMONIS SUCCUS Lemon juice. 

LINIMENTA LINIMENTS. 

Solutions of medicinal substances in alcohol, oil or 
liquid soap, for external application. 
Linimentum Aconiti et Chloroformi, X. F. Fluidextract 

aconite, 4.5; chloroform, 12.5, in alcohol, 100 Cc. 

Uses: Anodyne, embrocation. 
LINIMENTUM AMMONITE. Ammonia water, 35 Cc., in 

oil, 100 C'c. 

Uses: Stimulant, anodyne. 



78 MAXTAT OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Linimentum Ammonii lodidi, X. F. About 5 per cent. 

ammonium iodid in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Discutient. 
LINIMENTUM BELLADONNA. Camphor. 5 Cm., in 

ihiidextract belladonna^, 100 Ce. 

Uses: Anodyne, analgesic. 
LINIMENTUM CALCIS. Lime water and linseed oil, 

equal volumes. 

Uses: Protective, antiseptic, dressing: for burns. 
LINIMENTUM CAMPHORS. Camphor, 20 Gm.. in oil, 

100 Cc. 

Uses: Anodyne, rubefacient. 
LINIMENTUM CHLOROFORM!. Chloroform, 30 Cc.. in 

soap liniment, 100 Cc. 

Uses: Anodyne. 
Linimentum lodi, X. F. (Similar to Br. Ph.) Iodine, 

12.r> Cm.; potassium iodide, 5 Gm.; glycerin, 3.5 Cc.; 

Mater, 0.5 Cc. ; alcohol to 100 Cc. 

Uses: Discutient. 
Linimentum Opii Compositum, X. F. Tincture opii. 10; 

camphor, 1.7"): alcohol. 25; oil peppermint. 2.5: am- 
monia water. 37.5; oil turpentine, to 100 ( 'c. 

Uses: Analgesic. 
Linimentum Saponato-Camphoratum, X T . F. Solid opo- 

peldoc. 
LINIMENTUM SAPONIS. Soap. 6; camphor, 4.5, in 

alcohol, 100 Cc. 

Uses: Stimulant, rubefacient. 
LINIMENTUM SAPONIS MOLLIS. Soft soap, 05. in 

alcohol, 100 Cc. 

Uses: Antiseptic, stimulant. 
LINIMENTUM TEREBINTHIN-ZE. Resin cerate. 65, 

in oil turpentine, 100 Cc. 

Uses: Counter-irritant, rubefacient. 
Linimentum Terebinthinae Aceticum, X. F. Linimentum 

Album. Oil turpentine, 100; oil lemon, 4; acetic 

acid, 20; egg (1) ; rose water. 85 Cc. 

Uses: Counter-irritant, antineuralgic. 
Linimentum Tiglii, X. F. Croton oil, 16; oil eajuput. al- 
cohol, each 54 Cc. 

Uses: Counter-irritant, rubefacient. 

Linimentum Tiglii Compositum, X. F. Croton oil, sassa- 
fras oil and turpentine oil each 20; olive oil, 40 Cc. 

Uses: Counter-irritant. 
LINUM Flaxseed. Seed of Linum usitatissimum. 

Uses: For preparing infusion and cataplasm. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 79 

LIQUORES SOLUTIONS. (Sohitio-nes.) 
The official solutions are solutions in water of non- 
volatile substances (chemical salts), with two excep- 
tions (Liq. Chlori. Comp.; Liq. Fonnaldehy di ) . Those 
for internal medicinal use are prepared mostly by 
volume, that is, the medicinal agent by weight in certain 
volume or measure of the solution. Those for external 
use and solutions from which other preparations are 
made, such as the iron solutions, are of a certain per- 
centage by weight strength, expressed simply by per 
cent., i. e., Liq. Formaldehydi, 37 per cent. 

The method employed in preparing percentage solu- 
tions extemporaneously is by measure, unless otherwise 
directed. When water is the solvent, except in concen- 
trated solutions of high specific gravities, such as, the 
official solutions of the metallic salts, the difference in 
weight and volume may be ignored, but the percentage 
must be based on the weight of a pint of water (7,292 
grains) or the weight of a fluid ounce of water (455 
grains), and not on 7,000 grains equivalent to one avoir- 
dupois pound; nor 480 grains in the apothecaries' ounce 
or 480 minims in one fluid ounce. 

The fluid ounce (of water) weighing 455 grains but 
containing 480 minims, shows why a minim is net a 
grain, but 0.95 grain. 

The method of calculating the percentage solutions on 
the fluid ounce is therefore based on 455, thus : 

1 fluid ounce Solution Mornhin Sulph 4 per cent : 
455 x .04 = 18.20 grs. 

1 pint Mercuric Chloride Solution 0.2 per cent. : 7,292 
x .002 = 14.6 grs. 

The advantages of the metric system are here ap- 
parent : 

10 Cc. Solution Morphine Sulph. 4 per cent : 10 x 
0.04 = 0.4 Gm. 

1.000 Cc. Solution Mercuric Chloride 0.2 per cent: 
1.000 x .002 = 2 Gm. 

LIQUOR ACIDI ARSENOSI Arsenous Acid. Arsenic 
trioxide, 1 per cent. 

Liquor Alumini Acetatis, N. F. Basic Aluminum Ace- 
tate, 7.58 per cent. 
Uses: Astringent, antispetic, chiefly externally. 

Liquor Alumini Acetico-Tartratis, N. F. 50 per cent. 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic, externally ; also disin- 
fectant. 

LIQUOR AMMONII ACETATIS (Spirit Minderenis ) . 
A solution of diluted acetic acid nearly saturated 
with ammonium carbonate; to be of slight acid reac- 
tion. Should be prepared as wanted. 
Uses: Diaphoretic, diuretic, refrigerant. 



80 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 10 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. containing about 1 
Gm. (15 grs.) ammonium acetate. 
Liquor Ferri et Amonii Acetatis, U. S. 
Liquor Ammonii Actatis Concentratus, N. F. One part 
diluted with two parts water, makes Liquor Am- 
monii Acetatis, U. S. 
Liquor Ammonii Citratis Fortior, X. F. 

Dose: 4 Cc.; 1 fluidram contains 2.5 ("Jin. (40 grs.) 
ammonium citrate. 

Uses: Addition to liquid mixtures to render iron 
salts more soluble. 

Liquor Antigerminarius, X. F. Germicide. An alcoholic 
solution containing thymol, 1.6; oils eucalyptus and 
lavender, each (5 per cent. 

LIQUOR ANTISEPTICUS. Antiseptic Solution ( Lis- 
ter). A solution of boric acid, 2 per cent.; benzoie 
acid and thymol, each one per cent.; eucalyptol and 
oils of peppermint, gaultheria, thyme and 25 per 
cent, alcohol. Essentially similar to the various pro- 
prietary solutions. 

Uses: Antispetic; internal and external. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus, X. F. Alkaline Antisep- 
tic. Aqueous solution, with 25 j>er cent, glycerin, 
containing potassium bicarbonate and sodium ben- 
zoate, each 3.2; sodium borate, 0.8; oil gaultheria. 
0.04; thymol, eucalyptol and oil peppermint, each 
0.02 in 100 Cc., colored purplish red with persionis. 
To replace a well-known alkaline antiseptic solution 
of similar composition. Prescribed under its official 
name and dispensed in plain bottle (without the 
name blown in the glass) this article will not be- 
come known to the public as a cure-all. 
Uses: Antiseptic, externally and internally, diluted 
with four to five times its volume of warm sterile 
water. 

LIQUOR ARSENI ET HYDRARGYRI IODIDL Dono- 
van's Solution. Solution of arsenous iodide and red 
mercuric iodide, each 1 per cent. 
Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic. 
Dose: 0.1 Cc., or 1% minims. 

Liquor Auri et Arseni Bromidi, X. F. Solutions of bro- 
mide of Gold and Arsenic. 0.6 Cc. (10 minims) con- 
tains 0.002 Gm. (1/32 gr.) tribromide of gold and 
the equivalent of 0.005 Gm. (1/13 gr.) tribromide of 
arsenic. Essentially similar in composition to 



AND .NATIONAL FORMULARY. 81 

"Arsenauro," this formula insuring a product of 
uniform strength. 

Uses: Alterative, antiepileptic. antidiabetic, tonic. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc.. or 3 minims. 

Liquor Bismuthi, X. F. Liquid Bismuth. 

Uses: Stomachic, gastric sedative, protective. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, representing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr. ) of the double bismuth salt. 

Liquor Bromi, X. F. Smith's Solution Bromine. Bro- 
mine, 25 Gm.; potassium bromide. 12.5 Gm.; water. 
100 Cc. 
Uses: Chiefly as a test reagent. 

LIQUOR CALCIS (Aqua Calcis, Lime Water). Con- 
taining not less than 0.17 per cent, calcium hydrox- 
ide at 15 C. (59 F.) : less at higher temperature. 

Lime water is often inert, the calcium hydroxide on ex- 
posure to air having been converted into the insoluble 
carbonate. Lime water whfn saturated should on boil- 
ing in a test-tube show separation of calcium hydroxide 
on the sides of the tube. 
Use: Antacid. 

Dose: 10 Cc.. or 4 fluidram-. (Containing about 
0.02 Gm. (1 3 gr.) calcium hydroxide). 

Liquor Calcis Sulphuratae, X. F. Vleminck's Solution or 
Lotion. 
Uses: Antiseptic: externally in skin affections. 

Liquor Carmini, X. F. Solution of Carmine, for coloring. 

LIQUOR CHLORI COMPOSITUS. ( Aqua Chlori '90). 
Chlorine water. 

Solution containing when freshly prepared, about 0.4 
per cent, chlorine, with some oxides of chlorine and 
potassium chloride. By the process now official chlorine 
water may be prepared in a few minutes without elab- 
orate preparation. 
Uses: Antiseptic, disinfectant. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 

Liquor Coccineus, X. F. Cochineal Color. 

LIQUOR CRESOLIS COMPOSITUS. Compound Solu- 
tion of Cresol. Solution of cresol, 50 per cent., in 
soft, or green soap. Practically identical with Lyvil 
and similar preparations known by fancy trade 
names. 

Uses: Antiseptic, deodorant, disinfectant; diluted 
with water to form y 2 to 1 per cent, solutions. 

Liquor Electropoeicus, X. F. Battery Fluid. 

A. FOR THE CARBdN AND /INC BATTERY. 

/. For ordinary use. 

Sodium Dichromate in coarse powder . Si v l'J.">| 

Sulphuric Acid, commercial fl. giv 12~> 

Water, cold fl. Sxxxii lOOOl 



82 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Pour the sulphuric acid upon the powdered sodium 
dichromate, and stir the mixture occasionally during 
one hour. Then slowly add the water. 

//. For nac iritJi the Galrano-Cautcri/. 
Sodium Dichromate, in coarse powder. .Sivss 145 

Sulphuric Acid, commercial fl. Sixss 300 

Water, cold fl. Sxxxii 1000 

Proceed in the same manner as directed under No. 1. 

B. FOR THE LECLANCHE BATTER V. 

Ammonium Chloride Sxss 3251 

Water, enough to make fl. Sxxxii 1000| 

Dissolve tho salt in the water. 

Liquor Extract! Glycyrrhizae, N. F. Extract Glycyrrhiza, 
25 per cent. 

Liquor Ferri Albuminati, X. F. Albuminate of Iron So- 
lution. Agreeably flavored, non-styptic solution, rep- 
resenting nearly 0.7 per cent, metallic iron, masked 
in the form of albuminate, contains about 20 per- 
cent, (vol.) alcohol. 
Uses: Hematinic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 120 minims. 

LIQUOR FERRI ET AMMONII ACETATIS. Basham'* 
Mixture. Tincture ferri chloride. 4 Cc. (1 fldr.); 
diluted acetic acid, 6 Cc. (1% fldrs.) : sol. amnion. 
acetate. .10 Cc. (12y 2 fldrs. i : avom. elixir, 12 Cc. (3 
lldrs.) : glycerin. 12 Cc. (3 Hdrs.) ; water to 100 Cc. 
(2f> fldrs.). 

Uses: Hematinic. refrigerant. 
Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 rluidrams. 

LIQUOR FERRI CHLORIDI. Anhydrous Ferric Chlor- 
ide, 29 per cent. 

Liquor Ferri Hypophosphitis, X. F. Ferric Hypophos- 
phite, 10.5 per cent. 

Liquor Ferri lodidi, X. F. Ferrous Iodide. S5 per cent. 
Uses: One volume mixed with 15 volumes syrup 
makes 10 volumes Syrupus Ferri lodidi, U. S. 

Liquor Ferri Oxychloridi, X. F. Iron Oxychloride, 3.5 
per cent. 

Liquor Ferri Oxysulphatis, X T . F. 

Liquor Ferri Peptonati, X. F. Solution Peptonate of 
Iron. An agreeably flavored, non-styptic solution, 
iv])ie<enting about O.G5 per cent, 'metallic iron, 
masked in the form of peptonate; it contains about 
20 per cent, (vol.) alcohol. 
Uses: Hematinic; mildly chalybeate tonic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Liquor Ferri Peptonati cum Mangano, X. F. Solution of 
Peptonate Iron with Manganese. An agreeably 
flavored, non-styptic solution, representing- about 0.4 



AND NATIOXAL FORMULARY. S3 

per cent, metallic iron and 0.2 per cent, metallic 
manganese masked in the form of peptonates and 
containing about 25 per cent, (vol.) alcohol. 

Practically identical in composition with a certain 
German "patent medicine." Prescribed under its of- 
ficial title and dispensed in plain bottles (without the 
name blown in the glass), it should be given the pref- 
erence by physicians. 

Uses: Hematinic, chalybeate tonic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Liquor Ferri Protochloridi, N. F. Ferrous Chloride, 30 
per cent. 

Uses: Alterative, astringent, tonic. 
Dose: 0.65 Cc., or 10 minims, diluted with syrup. 

LIQUOR FERRI SUBSULPHATIS. Monsell's Solution. 
Containing basic ferric sulphate, corresponding to 
13.57 per cent, metallic iron. 

LIQUOR FERRI TERSULPHATIS. Normal Ferric Sul- 
phate, 30 per cent. 

Uses: For preparing ferric hydroxide (ferric hy- 
drate ) . 

LIQUOR FORMALDEHYDI Formalin. Aqueous solu- 
tion containing absolute formaldehyde, 37 per cent., 
an oxidation product of methyl alcohol. 

Volatile liquid, s. g. 1.075, its vapor exceedingly irri- 
tant on the mucous membrane, which may be protected 
through lubrication with petrolatum. 

INCOMPATIBLE with alkalies, forming with ammonia, 
hexamethylenamine. 

Uses: Antiseptic, deodorant, disinfectant. 
LIQUOR HYDRARGYRI NITR AXIS. Mercuric Nitrate, 
60 per cent. 

Liquor Hydrargyri et Potassii lodidi, N. F. Channing's 
Solution. Red mercuric iodide, 1 Gm. (15 grs.): 
potassium iodide, 0.8 Cm. (12 grs.) ; distilled water, 
100 Cc. (25 fluidrams). 
Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

Liquor Hypophosphitum, N. F. Solution of Hypophos- 
phites. 

Uses: Alterative, nutrient, tonic. To replace Syrupus 
Hypophosphitum. U. S.. when sugar is to be avoided. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, contains 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) calcium hypophosphite, 0.08 Gm. (1% gr.) 
sodium hypophosphite, and 0.065 Gm. (1 gr.) potas- 
sium hypophosphite. 

Liquor Hypophosphitum Compositus, N. F. Compound 
Solution of Hypophosphites. An agreeably flavored 



84 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

solution, containing 25 per cent, glycerin instead of 

sugar. 

Uses: Alterative, nutrient tonic. To replace 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum Compositum, U. S. P., VIII, 
with which it is similar in composition, but differs 
somewhat in strength. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, contains of the follow- 
ing hypophosphites : Calcium and potassium, each 
0.03 Gm. (1/2 gr.); iron, 0.015 Gm. (14 gr.) ; sodium, 
manganese and quinine, each 0.008 Gm. (i/ 8 gr.) ; 
strychnine (alkaloid), 0.25 mg. (1/256 gr.). 
Liquor Iodi Carbolatus, N. F. Boulton's Solution- 
French Mixture. Mixture of: Liquor iodi comp., 1.5 

Cc. (25 minims) ; phenolis liq., 0.6 Cc. (10 minims) ; 

glycerini, 16.5 Cc. (4 fluidrams) ; aquae q. s. 100 Cc. 

(25 fluidrams) ; exposed to light till colorless. 

Uses: Antiseptic, irritant. 
Liquor Iodi Causticus, N. F. Iodine Caustic, Churchill's. 

Iodine, 25 Gm.; potassium iodide, 50 gm.; water, 

100 Cc. 

Uses: Antiseptic, counter-irritant, caustic. 
LIQUOR IODI COMPOSITUS. Lugol's Solution. lodin, 

5 Gm.; potassium iodide, 10 Gm., in water, 100 Gm. 

Uses: Alterative; diluted with syrup, etc. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Liquor Magnesii Bromidi, N. F. 

Uses: Cerebrospinal depressant. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, contains about 0.5 Gm. 
(7y 2 grs.) magnesium bromide with syrup aurantii. 

LIQUOR MAGNESII CITRATIS. Citrate of Magnesia 
Solution. Solution of magnesium citrate in a 
slightly acidulous effervescent solution. 
Uses: Refrigerant, laxative. 

Dose: 360 Cc., or 12 fluid ounces (contents of one 
bottle). 

Liquor Magnesii Sulphatis Effervescens, N. F. An agree- 
ably effervescent solution, containing in the contents 
of one bottle 350 Cc. (12 fluid ounces), 25 Gm. (360 
grs.) magnesium sulphate. 
Uses: Refrigerant, purgative. 
Dose: Adult, contents of one bottle. 

Liquor Morphinae Citratis, N. F. (colored red with coch- 
ineal). Contains 0.13 Gm. (2 grs.) morphine cit- 
rate, in 4 Cc. (1 fluidram). 
Dose: 0.32 Cc., or 5 minims (1/6 gr. morphine). 

Liquor Morphinae Hypodermicus, N. F. Magendie's So- 
lution. Morphinae sulphatis, 0.33 Gm. (5 grs.) 






AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 85 

acidi salicyliei, 0.01 Gm. (1/6 gr.) ; aquae sterilatse. 

q. s. ad., lo Cc. (150 minims). 

Dose: 0.32 Cc., or 5 minims, representing 0.01 Gm. 
(1/6 gr.). 

CAUTION. To avoid confusion, the strength of mor- 

pJiine solutions should be specified. 
Liquor Pancreaticus, X. F. Pancreatic Solution. 

Uses: Digestive (intestinal). 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, represents 0.065 Gm. (1 
gr. ) pancreatin, U. S. 
Liquor Pepsini, X. F. Liquid Pepsin. Glycerite pepsin, 

5 Cc. ; hydrochloric acid, 1 Cc. ; glycerin, 31 Co.; 

water to *100 Cc. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, represent about 0.08 
Gm. (1 1/3 gr.) pepsin, U. S. 
Liquor Pepsini Aromaticus, X. F. Aromatic Solution 

with 25 per cent. Glycerin. Containing about 0.12 

Gm. (2 grs.) pepsin, U. S., in 8 Cc., 2 fluidrams, the 

average dose. 

Uses: Digestive (stomachic) ; also as a vehicle and 
adjuvant for drugs. 
Liquor Phosphatum Acidus, X. F. Acid Phosphates. 

Solution of the bone phosphates in water. 

Uses: Bone nutrient, tonic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams (diluted). 
Liquor Phosphori, X. F. Thompson's Solution of Phos- 
phorus. A solution of phosphorus in alcohol and 

glycerin, flavored with peppermint, containing about 

0.07 Gm. (1 gr.) phosphorus in 100 Cc. (25 

fluidrams). 

Uses: Xerve tonic, stimulant. 

Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 10 minims, about 0.4 mg. (1/150 
gr.) phosphorus. Must not be confounded with Spir- 
itus Phosphori, X. F. 
Liquor Picis Alkalinus, X. F. Alkaline Solution of Tar. 

Solution of tar, 25 Gm., in potassium hydroxide. 

12.5 Gm.; water. 62.5 Cc. Similar to Liquor Car- 

bonis Detergens. 

Uses: External, antiseptic. 
LIQUOR PLUMBI SUBACETATIS. Goulard's Extract. 

Solution containing lead subacetate, 25 per cent. 

Uses: Ceratum Plumbi Subacetatis, and in prepar- 
ing Liquor Plumbi Subacetatis Dilutus. 
LIQUOR PLUMBI SUBACETATIS DILUTUS. Lead 

water. Solution lead subacetate, 4 Gm.; distilled 

water, to 100 Gm. 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic. 



86 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Liquor Potassae Chlorinatse, N. F. (Eau de Javelle. 
Fr. ). Chlorine. 2.5 per cent. 

Liquor Potassii Arsenatis et Bromidi, X. F. Clemen's 
Solution. "Liquor Arseni Bromidi." Containing ar- 
senic in solution corresponding to 1 per cent, arsenic 
trioxide (arsenous acid), which is not in the form of 
arsenic bromide, since this compound is decomposed 
by water. 

Uses: Alterative, antidiabetic, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims (about 1/32 gr. arsenic). 

LIQUOR POTASSII ARSENITIS. Fowler's Solution. 
Solution prepared from 2 Gm. potassium carbonate 
and 1 Gm. arsenic trioxide; tr. lavender coinp., 3 
Cc., and water to make 100 Gm. 
Uses: Alterative, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

LIQUOR POTASSII CITRATIS Solution Potassium 
Citrate. Potassii bicarbonatis, 8 Gm. (120 grs.); 
acidi eitrici, Gm. (00 grs.) ; a<jua dost. ad. 100 
Cc. (25 fldrs.) ; should be prepared when wanted. 
Uses: Refrigerant, diaphoretic. 
Dose: 10 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

LIQUOR POTASSII HYDROXIDI (Liquor Potassa 
''DO). Solution of potassium hydroxide. 5 per cent. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims (largely diluted) ; rarely 
internally. 

Liquor Saccharini, N. F. Solution of Saccharin, 7 per- 
cent. 

Uses: For sweetening liquids without the use of 
sugar; should be use:I with caution since saccharin 
arrests the digestive process. 

Liquor Seriparus, N. F. Liquid Rennet. Solution of 
fresh calves' rennet, 10 per cent., preserved with 
sodium chloride, 4 per cent., and alcohol, 18 per cent, 
(vol.). 
Use: Digestant. 

XOTK. For curdling the milk, without separating the 
whey as a distinct layer, this liquid should be added 
to the milk, previously warmed to a temnerature of 
about :;."> r. (.." F.). and the mixture should then IK- sol 
aside undisturbed, until it coagulates. If the whey is to 
be separated, the Liquid Rennet should be added to the 
milk while cold, and the mixture heated to about 35 C. 
<!.- F.). but not exceeding 40 C. (104 F.). One part of 
the liquid should coagulate between 200 and 300 parts 
of cows' 1m ik. 

LIQUOR SODJE CHLORINATE. Labarraque's Solu- 
tion. Solution of several chlorine compounds of 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 87 

sodium containing at least 2.4 per cent, by weight of 

chlorine. 

Uses: Disinfectant, deodorant, bleacher. 

LIQUOR SODII ARSENATIS. Containing exsiccated 
Sodium Arsenate. 1 per cent. 
Uses: Alterative, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

Liquor Sodii Arsenatis, Pearson, X. F. Contains about 
1/10 per cent, anhydrous (or 1/6 per cent, official, 
crystallized), sodium arsenate and is, therefore, only 
one-tenth the strength of the Liquor Sodii Arsena- 
tis, U. S. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

Liquor Sodii Boratis Compositus, X. F. DobelPs Solu- 
tion. Sodii boratis, sodii bicarbonatis, each 1.5 Gm. 
(24 grs.); phenolis (acidi carbolici), 0.3 Gm. (5 
grs.); glycerini. 3.5 Cc. (1 fluidram) ; aquae steril- 
ata?, q. a., 100 Cc. (25 fluidrams). 
Uses: The earliest of alkaline antiseptic solutions, 
preferable when carbolic acid is not contraindicated. 

Liquor Sodii Carbolatus, X. F. A solution of Phenol 
(carbolic acid) 50 per cent, in water with sodium 
hydroxide. 3.5 per cent. 
Uses: Deodorant, disinfectant. 

Liquor Sodii Citratis, X. F. (Potio Riveri, Ph. Ger.). 
Acidi citrici. 2 Gm. (30 grs.) ; sodii bicarbonatis. 
2.5 Gm. (37.5 grs.); aquae, q. s., 100 Cc. (25 
fluidrams). 

Uses: Refrigerant, diaphoretic, diuretic; also for 
nursing women. 

Dose: S Cc. or 2 fluidrams. 

Liquor Sodii Citro-Tartratis Effervescens, X. F. Tartro- 
Citric Lemonade. An agreeable effervescent solu- 
tion of sodium tartrate and a little citric acid. 
Uses: Refrigerant, laxative, aperient. 
Dose: Contents of one bottle, 360 Cc. (12 fluid 
ounces ) . 

LIQUOR SODII HYDROXIDI. (Liquor Soda> U. S. '00). 
5 per cent, solution of XaOH (caustic soda) in 
water. 
Uses: Chemical reagent. 

Liquor Sodii Oleatis, X. F. Solution of Soap. 

LIQUOR SODII PHOSPHATIS COMPOSITUS. A so- 
billed 100 per cent, solution of sodium phosphate 
(sodium citro-phosphate ) , containing 0.4 per cent. 
sodium nitrate; similar in composition to certain 
proprietary articles (Melachol, etc.). 



88 MAX UAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Uses: Laxative, refrigerant. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Liquor Strychninae Acetatis, N. F. Hall's Solution of 
Strychnine. Contains 0.06 Gm. (1 gr.) strychnine 
acetate in 30 Cc. (1 fluid ounce), in solution with a 
little acetic acid and alcohol, colored red. 
Dose: 0.6 Cc., or 10 minims, containing 0.0013 Gm. 
(1/48 gr.) strychnine acetate. 

CAUTION. Solution of Strychnine (B. P.) is 1 per 
cent, in strength, or nearly five times the strength of 
the N.F. solution. Solutions of strychnine when pre- 
scribed should have the strength specified. 

LIQUOR ZINCI CHLORIDL Containing Zinc Chloride, 
50 per cent. 

Uses: Deodorant, disinfectant; (injection in y s to 1 
per cent, solution). 

Liquor Zinci et Alumini Compositus, X. F. Solution of 
zinc sulphate. 20: aluminum sulphate, 20; beta- 
naphthol, 0.06; oil thyme, 0.2; water to 100 Cc. 
Uses: Antiseptic, deodorant (for disinfection). 

Liquor Zinci et Ferri Compositus. X. F. Deodorant so- 
lution. Solution of zinc sulphate, 26; ferrous sul- 
phate. 20; copper sulphate, 6.0; beta-naphthol, 0.06; 
oil thyme, 0.2; hypophosphorous acid, 0.4; water 
to 100 Cc. 

Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, deodorant (for disin- 
fecting toilet, etc.). 

Liquor Zingiberis, N. F. Soluble Essence of Ginger. 
Water- miscible liquid representing 35 per cent, gin- 
ger. 
Uses: For flavoring. 

LITHIUM COMPOUNDS. 

According to the best authorities the uric acid theory 
is a delusion. The generally accepted belief that the 
salts of lithium, citrates, etc., would eliminate uric acid 
by combining with it to form soluble urates, has caused 
the manufacture of endless combinations of lithium and 
other alkali salts. The medical profession is being ex- 
ploited by numerous of these combinations under fancy 
suggestive trade names and through the most alluring 
therapeutic allegations, often only as preliminary to 
their general introduction to the lay public. Whatever 
virtues these lithium combinations may have are fully 
represented in the various effervescent lithium prepara- 
tions of the U. S. P. and N. F. as here shown. (See also 
Pulveres Effervescentes. ) 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 89 

LITHII BENZOAS Lithium Benzoate. 

Light, white, powder, or crystalline scales, soluble in 
3 parts water. 18 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Antilithic, antirheumatic, intestinal and 
urinary antiseptic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains; in powder or efferves- 
cent combination. 
LITHII BROMIDUM Lithium Bromide. 

White, granular, salt, very soluble in water and alco- 
hol. 

Uses: Nerve sedative, antiarthritic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (in elixir). 
Elixir Lithii Bromidi, N. F. 
LITHII CARBONAS Lithium Carbonate. 

Light, white, powder, soluble in 75 parts water, more 
soluble in carbon dioxide water ; insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Antilithic, antirheumatic, diuretic. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains (in solution in carbon 
dioxide water). 
LITHII CITRAS Lithium Citrate. 

White, powder, or crystals, soluble in 2 parts water. 
Uses: Antilithic, antirheumatic, diuretic. 
Dose: 0,50 Gm.,- or 7% grains (in effervescent 
form ) . 

Elixir Lithii Citratis, N. F. 

LITHII CITRAS EFFERVESCENS Granular Efferves- 
cent Lithium Citrate. 5 per cent. Lithium Citrate. 
Dose: 8 Gm., or 120 grains, containing about 0.4 
Gm., or 6 grains lithium citrate. 

Uses: Similar to the lithium citrate. 
LITHII SALICYLAS Lithium Salicylate. 

Grayish-white powder, very soluble in water and in 
alcohol. 

Uses: Antiarthritic, antirheumatic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Elixir Lithii Salicylatis, N. F. 
LOBELIA. Leaves and tops Lobelia inflata. 
Uses: Expectorant, diuretic, emetic. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Fluidextractum Lobeliae, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 

minims. 

Tinctura Lobeliae, U. S. Dose: Expectorant, 1 Cc., 
or 15 minims; emetic, 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

LOTIONES LOTIONS ( Washes ) . 
Liquid mixtures, usually of insoluble medicinal sub- 
stances, suspended in water, for external use. To be 
shaken before using. 
Lotio Adstringens, N. F. Warren's Styptic. Mixture of 



90 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA ' 

nearly equal parts sulphuric acid, oil of turpentine 
and alcohol (Caution). 
Lotio Flava, N. F. Yellow Wash. 



Hydrargyrl chloridi corrosivl . . . .gr. v 



Solve in aquae bullientis fl. Si 4 

Liquoris calcis q. s fl. Sxxv 100 

M. et. Sig. : "Shake well before using." Externally. 
Uses: Antiseptic, antisyphilitic, parasiticide. 
Lotio Nigra, N. F. Black Wash. 

R. Hydrargyri chloridi mitis gr. xiii 88 

Aquae fl. Si 4 

Liquoris calcis q. s fl. Sxxv 100 

M. et. Sig. : "Shake well before using." Externally. 
Uses: Antiseptic, parasiticide. 
Lotio Plumbi et Opii, N. F. Lead and Opium Wash. 

R. Plumbi Acetatis gr. xxv 1 75 

Tincturse opii m. xlviii 3 5 

Aquae q. s fl Sxxv 100 

M. et. Sig. : "Shake well before using." Externally. 
Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, sedative. 
LUPULINUM. Trie-homes from fruit Humulus Lupu- 
lus. 

Uses: Antaphrodisiac, narcotic, tonic. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Fluidextraetum Lupulinse. U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 

minims. 
Oleoresina Lupulinae, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Gm., or 3 

grains. 
LYCOPODIUM. Spores of Lycopodium clavatum. 

Use: As a dusting powder. 
Magma Magnesias, N. F. Milk of Magnesia. 

Mixture containing in most finely divided condition, 
suspended in water, 5 per cent, freshly precipitated 
magnesium hydroxide. 

Uses: A pleasant antacid, refrigerant, laxative. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

MAGNESII CARBONAS Magnesium Carbonate. 

Light, white masses, or bulky powder, practically in- 
soluble in neutral liquids, readily decomposed by acids. 
Uses: Antacid, laxative; also as dusting powder. 
Dose: 3 Gm., or 45 grains. 
Liquor Magnesii Citratis, U. S. 
MAGNESII OXIDUM Magnesia (calcined). 

White, very bulky and fine powder, practically in 
soluble in neutral liquids, soluble in dilute acids. 
Uses: Antacid, laxative, antilithic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Pulvis Rhei Compositus, U. S. Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 

grains. 
Magma Magnesiae Milk of Magnesia, N. F. 



AXD XATIOXAL FORMTLARY. 91 

MAGNESII OXIDUM PONDEROSUM Heavy Magne- 
sia ( calcined ) . Husband's. 

White, dense and very fine powder, insoluble. 
Uses: Antacid, laxative, antilithic, 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Pulvis Magnesia? et Rhei Anisatus. X. F. 
MAGNESII SULPHAS Epsom Salt. 

Small, prismatic needles, or prisms, soluble in O.So 
part water, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Refrigerant, cathartic. 
Dose: 16 Gm.. or 240 grains. 
Infusum Senna 1 Compositus, U. S. Dose: 120 Cc., 01 

4 fluid ounces. 

Liquor Magnesii Sulphatis Eff'ervescens. X. F. 
MAGNESII SULPHAS EFFERVESCENS Granular 
Effervescent Magnesium Sulphate. 
Uses: Same as magnesium sulphate. 
Dose: 16 Gm., or 240 grains, containing S Gm., or 
120 grains of magnesium sulphate; to be taken in a 
glassful of cold water. 

XIITK. This official article is a reliable cathartic and 
agreeable aperient laxative in which the nauseating bit- 
ter taste of the epsom salt is effectively masked. It 
should be given preference over the many costly pro- 
prietary articles of uncertain strength and doubtful 
composition. 

MALTUM. Grain of Barley, Hordeum distichon. 
Extractum Malti, U. S. 
Fluidextractum Malti. X. F. 

MANGANI DIOXIDUM PRJECIPITATUM. (To replace 
the Mangani Dioxidum, U. S. '90). 80 per cent, 
pure. 

Heavy, black, fine, odorless powder, insoluble in water 
or alcohol. 

Uses: Alterative, emmenagogue; externally in 
ointment (10 per cent.). 

Dose: 0.250 Cm., or 4 grains (pill form). 
MANGANI HYPOPHOSPHIS Manganese Hypophos- 
phite. 

Pink, crystalline, powder, soluble in 6.6 parts water. 
Uses: Hematinic, nerve tonic. 
Dose: 0.200 Gm., or 3 grains. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum Com posit us. U. S. Dose: 8 

( '*-.. or 2 fluidrams. 
MANGANI SULPHAS Manganese "Sulphate. 

Translucent, pale rose-colored prisms, soluble in 0.7 
part water. 

Uses: Alterative, cholagoguo. hematinic. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains (pill form). 



92 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

MANNA. Concrete saccharine exudation of Fraxinus 

Or nu s. 
Infusum Sennse Compositum, U. S. Dose: 120 Cc., or 

4 fluid ounces. 

MARRUBIUM. Leaves and tops Marrubium vulgare. 
MASSA FERRI CARBONATIS Vallet's Mass. Fer- 
rous carbonate made into a mass with sugar and 
honey. 

Uses: Nonastringent hematinic. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains (in pill form) ; super- 
seded by pill of ferrous carbonate (Blaud's). 
MASSA HYDRARGYRI Mass of Mercury. Mass con- 
taining 33 per cent, mercury (metal). 
Uses: Cathartic, alterative. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Pilulae ad Prandium, N. F. 
Pilulse Antidyspepticse, N. F. 

MASTICHE Mastic. Concrete resinous exudation from 
Pistacia lentiscus. 
Uses: Masticatory, stomachic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Pilulse Aloe et Mastiches, U. S. 
MATICO. Leaves of Piper angustifolium. 

Uses: Aromatic, intestinal astringent, diuretic. 
Dose: 4 Gm.. or 60 grains. 
Fluidextractum Matico. U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 
MATRICARIA. Flower heads of Matricaria Chamo- 

milla. 

MEL Honey. Saccharine secretion from Apis mellifera, 
MEL DEPURATUM Clarified Honey. 
MEL ROS^E Honey of Rose. Fluidextract Rose, 12 

per cent. 
MENTHA PIPERITA. Leaves and tops of Mentha pip- 

erita. 
MENTHA VIRIDIS Leaves and tops of Mentha 

spicata. 
MENTHOL Secondary alcohol from Mentha piperita. 

Acicular crystals, or prisms, sparingly soluble in 
water, readily soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform. 
Uses: Antiseptic, analgesic, anesthetic, stimulant. 
Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Camphor Menthol-, N. F. 
Loeffler's solution, mentholated; for diphtheria: 

R. Mentholis Siiss 10 

Toluolis fl. 3ix 34 

Liquoris ferri chloridi fl. 3i 4 

Alcoholis absoluli fl. 3ii 60 



AND XATIOXAL FORMULARY. 93 

M. Sig. : Apply solution on cotton pledget every thret 
hours to mucous membrane, previously dried off with 
cotton. 

METHYLIS SALICYLAS Methyl Salicylate Artificial 
or synthetic oil of wintergreen. 

An ester produced synthetically, identical chemically 
with the chief constituent of oil of gaultheria and oil of 
hetula. for which it may be substituted for flavoring 

Purposes, but not for medicinal uses. A liquid, sp. g. 
.18. sparingly soluble in water, readily soluble in other 
liquids. 

Uses: Antiseptic; antirheumatic (externally). 
METHYLTHIONINJE HYDROCHLORIDUM Methyl- 
ene Blue Tetra Methylthionine Hydrochloride. 
Derived from para-amido-dimethyl-aniline. 

Dark-green, crystalline powder, or crystals, readily 
soluble in water, less readily in alcohol. 
Uses:. Antiseptic, anodyne, antipyretic; internally 
in powder, capsule, cachets; externally in solution in 
water, 2 per cent.; or Dusting Powder. 

Dose: 0.250 Gin., or 4 grains (in capsule). 
As antiperiodic, where there is idiosyncrasy to 
quinine: 

R. Methylthioninae hydrochloric!!. . . .gr. xx 1|.> 

Guaiacolis carbouatis gr. xxx 5| 

M. et divide in capsulas No. xx. Sig. : One capsule 
three times a day. 
MEZEREUM. Bark of Daphne Mezereum. 

Uses: Alterative; epispaptic, rubefacient. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or T 1 /^ grains. 
Fluidextractum Mezerei. U. S. 
Fluidextractum Sarsaparillae Comp.. U. S. 

MISTURJE MIXTURES. 

Liquids containing usually more or less insoluble sub- 
stances, suspended in an aqueous vehicle consisting ol 
sugar, mucilage, etc. With some exceptions they are 
unstable and should, therefore, be prepared extempora- 
neously. 

Dosage is usually from one teaspoonful to one table- 
spoonful (4 to 16' Cc.). 
Mistura Acaciae, X. F. Mistura Gummosa. 

Acaci*, sacchari, afi, Gm. 7.5, aquse ad., Cc. 100. 
To be prepared when wanted. 
Uses: Demulcent, vehicle. 

Mistura Adstringens et Escharotica, N. F. Villate's So- 
lution. 

Cupri sulph., zinci sulph., ana, Gm. 0.5. 
Liq. plumbi sub. Cc. 10. acid acetic dil. ad., Cc. 100. 

The solution, separated from lead sulphate, contains 
copper and zinc acetates. 



94 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Uses: Escharotic; diluted with three times its 
volume of water as astringent. 

Mistura Ammonii Chloridi, N. F. M. Solvens (M. sim- 
plex). 
I. Ammonii chloricli 

Ext. glycyrrhiz pur., a a gr. xl 

Aquae q. a 3xxv 100 

Uses: Expectorant. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Mistura Camphoras Acida, N. F. Hope's Mixture. 

IJ. Aoidi nitriei m. xxx 1 75 

Tinctura opii m. xx 12 

Aquae camphors ad Sxxv 100 

Uses: Astringent, sedative (in Dysentery). 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Mistura Camphorae Aromatica, N. F. Parrish's Camphor 
Mixture. 

IJ. Sacchari gr. Iv 3|5 

Tincturse lavanduhe comj) 3vi 25| 

Aquae camphor q. s Sxxv 100| 

Uses: Aromatic, carminative, astringent, sedative. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Mistura Carminativa, N. F. Dalby's Carminative. 
Contains Magnesium carbonate, potassium carbon- 
ate, carminative oils and 1 grain (0.065) opium to 1 
fl. ounce (30 Cc.). 
Dose: For infants 0.5 Cc.. or 8 minims. 

Mistura Chlorali et Potassii Bromidi Composita, N. F. 
Chloral and Bromide Compound. One fluidram (4 
Cc.) contains about 12 grains (0.8) each, Hydrated 
Chloral and Potassium Bromide and % grain each 
(8 mg. ) Exts. Cannabis Indica and Hyoscyamus. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

Similar in composition and in strength to a propri- 
etary medicine advertised to the medical profession and 
largely used by the laity. 

Uses: Analgesic, hypnotic, sedative. 

CATTION: Hydrated Chloral in solution with alkali 
salts, especially in the presence of alcohol, is liable to 
decomposition, therefore this and similar preparations 
should be used with care. 

Mistura Chloroformi et Cannabis Indicae Composita, 
N. F. Chloroform Anodyne. 1 fluidram (4 Cc.) 
represents about 7Mj minims (0.5 Cc. ) chloroform, 
il minims (0.75 Cc. ) tr. cannabis indica, 2 minima 
(0.123 Cc.) tr. capsicum, and 1/7 grain (9 mg. ) 
morphine sulphate. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 95 

Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, hypnotic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
MISTURA CRETJE Chalk Mixture. 

3- Pulv. cretae comp 3v 20 

Aquae cinnamomi 3x 40 

Aquae ad 3xxv 100 

Uses: Antacid, astringent; in Diarrhea of Infants, 
often associated with Bismuth Subcarbonate and as- 
tringents: Tr. Kino, Tr. Kramoriu\ etc. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

MISTURA FERRI COMPOSITA Griffith's Mixture. 
3- Sacchari pulv. 



Myrrhae, aa gr. xxiv 

Potassii carb gr. xii 

Ferri sulphatis gr. viii 

Spiritus lavandulse m. xii 






Aquae rosae ad 3xxv 100 

Uses: Chalybeate tonic, hematinic. 
Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

MISTURA GLYCYRRHIZJE COMPOSITA Brown Mix- 

ture. 
3 Acaciae 

Ext. glycyrrhizae pur., aa...gr. xlviii 3 

Tincturae opii camphoratae 3iii 12 

Vini antimoni min. xc 6 

Spiritus aetheris nitrosi. . .min. xlviii 3 

Syrupi min. Ixxx 5 

Mucilaginis acacia 3iiss 10 

Aquae q. s 3xxv 100 

Uses: Demulcent expectorant, diuretic; vehicle for 
Ammonium Chloride, etc. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Mistura Guaiaci, N. F. (B. P.). Emulsion of Guaiac, 
containing about G grains (0.4) guaiac in 4 
fluidrams (16 Cc.). 

Uses: Alterative, antispasmodic, expectorant. 
Mistura Olei Picis, N. F. Tar Mixture. Containing 
about 4 minims (0.25) oil of tar, masked with licor- 
ice, chloroform, peppermint and sugar. 
Uses: Expectorant. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Mistura Olei-Balsamica, X. F. Alcoholic solution of 
about 1 per cent, balsam pern and various aromatic 
oils. 
Mistura Pectoralis, Stokes. X. F. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 iluidrani, representing 0.06 Gm. 



96 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

(1 gr. ) ammonium carbonate, 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) each 
senega and squill, and 0.6 Cc. (10 minims) tr. opium 
camphorated in syrup of tolu. 

Mistura Rhei Composita, X. F. Squibb's. Similar to 
.Mist ura Rhei et Soda 3 , U. S. Containing % grain 
(0.015) ipecac, iy 2 grains (0.1) rhubarb, 3 grains 
(0.2) sodium bicarbonate in glycerin and pepper- 
mint water. 

Uses: Antacid, stomachic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
MISTURA RHEI ET SOD^E. 

J. Flext, ipecacuanhas m. v 3 

Flext. rhei m. xxv 1 5 

Sodii bicnrbonatis gr. Ivi 3 5 

Spiritus mentha.' piperit:> m. Ivi 3 5 

Clycerini fl. Six 35 

Aquae ad fl. 3xxv 100 

Uses: Antacid, stomachic (neutralizing). 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Mistura Sassafras et Opii, N. F. Godfrey's Cordial. 
One rluidram (4 Cc.) contains about 2 minims 
(0.12) tr. opium, equivalent to about 1/5 grain 
(0.013) opium. 

Uses: Anodyne, carminative. 
Dose: Infants, 0.65 Cc., or 10 minims. 

Mistura Sodae et Menthae, N. F. Soda Mint. 

R. Sodii bicarbonatis grs. Ixxx 5| 

Spiritus ammonia^ aromatic! m. xvi 1 

Aqua menthae viridis ad ti. Sxxv 100J 

Uses: Antacid, carminative. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Mistura Splenetica, N. F. Gadberry's. 

R. Quininse sulphatis grs. Ixv 4 2 

Potassii nitratis 

Ferri sulphatis, a a grs.. xxii 

Acidi nitric! m. xxii 

Aquae, q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 1 

Uses: Antiperiodic, tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 rluidram. 

Mistura Sulphurica Acida, N. F. Haller's. A 25 per 
cent, solution of sulphuric acid in alcohol. 
Uses: Astringent, antiscorbutic; also used to dis- 
solve quinine sulphate in liquid mixtures. 
Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims (diluted). 

Misturae Contra Diarrhoeam, N. F. Cholera Mixtures. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 
CHOLEUA MJ.VTUIJK "SUN." 

R. Tr. capsici I 

Tr. rhei aa m xl 2 1 5 

Spt. camphorae 

Spt. menthae pip 

Tr. opii 

Aicoholis aa m. Ixxx 5 

M. Slg. : Dose 2 Cc. or 30 minims. 

SQDIBB'S DIAUIUIEA MIXTURE. 



R. Tr. capsici m. xl 2 

Tr. opil 

Spt. camphorse aa m. Ixxx 5 

Chloroform! in. xxx 2 

Aicoholis q. s. ad fl. 3vl 25 

M. Sig. : Dose 2 Cc. or 30 minims. 

LOO MIS'. 

R. Olel sassafras m. Iv 

Tr. opii m. xlviii 3 

Tr. rhei m. xxx 2 

Tr. gambir (catechu) m. clx 10 

Tr. lavand. comp. ad fl. 3vl 25 

M. Slg. : Dose 2 Cc. or 30 minims. 

THIELMANN'S. 

R. Flext. Ipecac m. Ill 

Olel menthae pip m. xvl 1 

Vini opii m. xcvi 6 

Tr. valerianae m. clx 10 

Etheris m. xlviii 3 

Aicoholis ad fl. 3vl 25 

M, Sig. : Dose 2 Cc. or 30 minims. 

VELPEAU'S. 

R. Camphorae grs. xv 1 

Tr. opil fl. 3ii 8 

Tr. gambir comp. ad fl. 3vl 25 

M. Sie. : Dose 2 rv or 30 minims. 
Mistura Copaibas, X. F. 

LAFAYETTE. 

R. LIq. potass, hydroxid m. 1 3 

Copaibas 

Tr. lavandulae comp. 

Spt. aetheris nitrosi aa fl. 3iii 12 

Syrupi fl. 3viii 30 

Mucilaginis acacise q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 



25 



One fl. drm (4 Cc.) contains 7 l /% minims (0.5 Cc.) 
copaiba. 

Uses: Antigonorrheic, antiseptic, diuretic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. "To be well shaken." 

CHAPMAN'S. 
R. Copaibs 

Spt. aetherls nitrosi aa fl. 3vi 25 

Tr. opii m. 1 3 

Tr. lavandulse comp m. C 



Mucilaginis acacise fl. 3iii 12 

Aquae q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 



MORPHINA. Principal alkaloid of Opium. 

White, shining, rhombic prisms, fine needles or crystal- 
line powder, very sparingly soluble In water (3,300 



98 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

parts), soluble in 100 parts lime water, 168 parts alco- 
hol, sparingly in other or chloroform. 
Uses: Anodyne, hypnotic, sedative narcotic; also in 

preparing oleale. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain. 

Liquor Morphina; Citratis, N. F. Dose: 0.3 Cc., or 5 
minims. 

MORPHINE ACETAS. Morphine Acetate. 

White, or yellowish-white, crystalline, or amorphous 
powder, soluble in 2.25 parts water, 21.6 parts alcohol, 
5.2 parts glycerin, sparingly in chloroform, insoluble 
in ether. 
Uses: Same as the sulphate. 

IXCOMTATIBLES. Alkalies and alkaline carbonates, 
tannic acid, tr. ferric chloride, potassium permangan- 
ate : salts of lead, mercury, iodine and bromine. 
Dose: 0.015 Gm., equal to 15 mg., or 14 grain. 

MORPHINE HYDROCHLORIDUM (M. Hydrochloras 
'90). Muriate of Morphine. 

White, glistening needles, micro-crystalline cubes, or 
white crystalline powder, soluble in 17.2 parts water, 
42 parts alcohol, insoluble in ether and chloroform. 
Uses: Same as sulphate. 

Dose: 0.015 dm., equal to 15 mg., or *4 grain. 
Syrupus Pectoralis, N. F. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
MORPHINJE SULPHAS. 

White, feathery, acicular, silky crystals, or in cubes, 
soluble in 15.3 parts water, 465 parts alcohol, insoluble 
in ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Analgesic, anodyne, hypnotic, sedative. 
Poison. Antidote: Potassium permanganate in so- 
lution; paraldehyde, atropine, strychnine, caffeine, 
coffee, cold to the head, heat to hands and feet; keep 
awake. 

Dose: 0.015 Gm., equal to 15 mg., or y grain. 
To make a solution containing 14 grain (15 mg.) in 
10 minims (0.6 Cc.) : 

1$. Morphinae sulphatis gr. v 3 

Aquae sterilatae, ad m. CC 12 

A widely used combination consists of morphine sul- 
phate 0.015 Gm. 0/4 gr.) and alropiue sulphate 0.0004 
Gm. (1/100 gr.) prepared in the form of hypodermic 
1 ablets or dissolved in distilled water sufficient for one 
dose. 

Pul vis Morphina! Compositus, U. S. Tully's. Dose: 

0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 
Liquor Morphinae Hypodermicus, N. F. (Magendie). 

2 grains to 1 fluidram. 

Syrupus Morphina; Compositus, N. F. Dose: 4 Cc., 
or 1 fluidram. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 99 

Syrupus Morphinae Sulphatis, X. F. Dose: 2 Cc.. or 

30 minims. 
Mistura Chloroformi et Cannabis Indicae, X. F. Dose: 

2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Syrupus Pini Strobi Compositus, X. F. Dose: 4 Cc., 

or 1 fluidram. 

MOSCHUS. Secretion from Mosclms moschiferus. 
Uses: Stimulant, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 

Tin ot ura Moschi, U. S. (5 per cent.). Dose: 4 Cc., 
or 1 fluidram. 

Enema is prepared from 0.6 Gm. (10 grs.) suspended 
in 30 Cc. (1 fluid ounce) mucilage acacia. 
MUCILAGINES MUCILAGES. 

Liquid extracts of mucilaginous drugs, or solutions 
of gums in water. 

Uses: Demulcent; additions to mixtures for internal 
use; emulsifying agents; emollient and lubricant in 
mixtures for external use. 

MUCILAGO ACACLffi. Gum Arabic, 34 Gm. in 100 Cc. 
Mucilago Chondri, N. F. Chondrus, 3 Gm. in 100 Cc, 

Irish Moss Jelly. 

Mucilago Dextrini, X. F. Dextrin, 33.5 Gm. in 100 Cc, 
Mucilago Salep, X. F. Salep. 1 Gm. in 100 Cc. 
MUCILAGO SASSAFRAS MEDULUE. Sasafras pith, 

2 Gm. in 100 Cc. 
MUCILAGO TRAGACANTKZE. Tragacanth, 6 Gm.; 

glycerin, 18 Gm.. in 100 Cc. 

MUCILAGO ULML Elm (slippery), 6 Gm. in 100 Co. 
MYRISTICA, Kernel of seed Myristiea fragrans. 
MYRRHA. Gum resin from Commiphora Myrrha. 

Uses: Astringent, carminative, emmenagoge, anti- 
septic. 

Dose: 05 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 
Pilulae Aloes et Myrrhae, U. S. 
Pilulae Rhei Composita, U> S. 
Tinctura Aloes et Myrrhae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 

Tinctura Myrrhae, U. S. Dose: 1 Co., or 15 minims. 
Tinctura Antiperiodica, X. F.. 
Pilulae Antiperiodica', X. F. 
Tinctura Capsici et Myrrhce, X. F. 
For a mouth wash: 

R. Potassii chloratis 3ii 8 

Tincturse myrrhae fl. 3iv 15 

Mellis depurati fl. 3iv 15 

Anuae camphorae, q. s. ad Sviii 240 

M. Sig. : Shake, use to rinse mouth three times a dap 



100 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

NAPHTHALENUM Naphthalene (Naphthalinum '00). 
Hydrocarbon from coal-tar, purified by crystal- 
lization. 

Shining, transparent laminae, insoluble in water, 
soluble in 13 pa > alcohol, very soluble in ether, chloro- 
form, fixed and volatile oils. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anthelmintic ; internally, intes- 
tinal antiseptic; externally, in ointments, etc. 
Dose: 0.125 Cm., or 2 grains (in capsule). 
Pulvis lodoformi Compositus, N. F. 

NUX VOMICA. Seed jof Strychnos Nux-vomica. Con- 
taining not loss than 1.25 per cent, strychnine. 
Uses: Stomachic, tonic, respiratory and nerve 
stimulant. 

Dose: 0.005 Cm., or 1 grain. 
Extractum Nueis Vomica?, U. S. (Strychnine, 5 per 

cent.) Dose: 0.015 Cm., or y 4 grain. 
Fhiidextractum Nucis Vomica?, IT. S. Strychnine, ! 

per cent.) Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim. 
Tinetura Nucis Vomica 3 , U. S. (Strychnine, 0.1 per 

cent.) Dose: 0.5 Ce.. or 8 minims. 
Elixir Phosphori et Nucis Vomica?, N. F. 
Pilulie Aloes ot Podophylli Composita?, N. F. 
Pilula? Qnadrupliees. N. F. 
Nux vomica associated with an alkali as a stomachic: 

R. Tincture nucis vomicae m. Ixxx 5 

Sodii bicarbonatls grs. cl 10 

Aqupe mentha pip., q. s. ad BV 150 

M. Sig. : One tablespoonful before meals. 

OLEATA OLEATES. 

Compounds of Oleic Acid with certain bases, of liquid 
or semi-solid consistence, intended for external use or 
inunction. The oleates of the alkaloids: atropine, co- 
caine and veratrine, contain about one-half olive oil in 
place of oleic acid. 
Oleatum Aconitinae, N. F. Aconitine 2 per cent. 

Uses: Local anodyne (neuralgia). 
OLEATUM ATROPIN^E Atropine. 2 per cent. 

Uses: Anodyne, ant {spasmodic. 
OLEATUM COCAINE Cocaine. 5 per cent. 

Uses: Local anesthetic. 
OLEATUM HYDRAGYRI Yellow Mercuric Oxide, 25 

per cent. 

Uses: Alterative, antisyphilitic. 
OLEATUM QUININJE Quinine. 25 per cent. 

Uses: Antiperiodic. antiseptic. 
OLEATUM VERATRINJE Veratrine. 2 per cent. 

Uses: Anodyne, rubefacient. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 101 

Oleatum Zinci, N. F. Equivalent to zinc oxide, 13 per 

cent. 

Dry. light powder, obtained by precipitation through 

interaction of a solution of zinc acetate and a soluble 

oleate (castile soap'i. 

Uses: Astringent, slightly antiseptic; as dusting 
powder. 

OLEORESINJE OLEORESINS. 

Oleoresins are mixtures of volatile oils and resins, 
either natural exudations such as Copaiba and Tere- 
binthina or extracted from oleoresinous drugs. To this 
class belong: 
OLEORESINA ASPIDII From Aspidium. 

Uses: Anthelmintic, taenifuge. 

Dose: 2 Gm. (30 grs.) in capsule. 
OLEORESINA CAPSICL From Capsicum. 

Uses: Corrective, adjuvant to purgative pills. 

Dose: O.f3 Gm., or ^ grain (in pills). 
OLEORESINA CUBEBJE. From Cubeb. 

Uses: Expectorant, anti-asthmatic. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7% grains, in troches. 
OLEORESINA LUPULINI. From Lupulin. 

Uses: Sedative, hypnotic. 

Dose: 0.2 Gm., o/3 grains (in pills). 
OLEORESINA PIPERIS. From Black Pepper. 

Uses: Stomachic, adjuvant to quinine in antiperi- 
odic pills. 

Dose: 0.03 Gm., or % grain (in pills). 
OLEORESINA ZINGIBERIS. From Ginger. 

Uses: Aromatic, stomachic, carminative. 

Dose: 0.03 Gm., or y s grain. 
Oleo Sacchara, N. F. Aromatic or Oil Sugars. Sugar 

containing a small amount of aromatic volatile oil, 

1 drop in 30 grains (2 Gm.)., i. e., anisi, cinnamomi, 

fceniculi, limonis, etc. 

Uses: Diluent, corrigent or adjuvant to nauseous 
or potent substances, in powder or other dosage form, 
capsules, cachets, etc. 

OLEA OILS. 

Under the generic title Oleum (Olea) is comprised 
both fixed and volatile oils, without distinction. The 
better to serve therapeutic purposes the two entirely 
different classes of oils are here separated, each under 
its own alphabetic arrangement. The general physical 
and pharmaceutical properties of each of these classes 
are also noted under each respective heading. 



102 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Olea Pingua Fixed Oils or Fats. 

Neutral principles of vegetable or animal derivation, 
chemically salts or compounds of an acid such as oleic 
or stearic, with the radical glyceryl. Alkalies decompose 
the oils, combine with the acids forming their respective 
salts, oleates or soaps; the glyceryl radical is set free 
and forms glycerin as a by-product. This constitutes 
the process of saponification and occurs in the prepara- 
tion of some liniments, i. e., Linimentum Ammonias. 
The oils are practically insoluble in water; do not mix 
with watery solutions, except to form Emulsions 
through the use of emulsifying agents, and this is, there- 
fore, the most eligible method for their internal admin- 
istration. For typical formulas see "E'mulsa." The oils 
are also practically insoluble in alcohol, but readily solu- 
ble in all other solvents: ether, chloroform, benzin and 
volatile oils. 

Uses: Demulcent in the form of emulsion, nutri- 
tive and adjunct in antidote for poisoning; externally 
chiefly as vehicles for ointments, etc.; special proper- 
ties are noticed under the respective oils. 
OLEUM AMYGDALAE EXPRESSUM Oil of Sweet 
Almond. 

Dose: 30 Cc., or 1 fluid ounce. 
Unguentum Aquae Rosse, U. S, 
OLEUM ADIPIS Lard Oil. 
OLEUM GOSSYPII SEMINIS Cottonseed oil. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Linimentum Ammoniae, U. S. 
OLEUM LINI Linseed Oil. 

Dose: 30 Cc., or 1 fluid ounce. 
Linimentum Calcis, U. S. 
Sapo Mollis, U. S. 

OLEUM MORRHU^E Cod Liver Oil. 
Uses: Alterative tonic, nutrient. 

Emulsions should be prepared as wanted. Those 
enumerated, if carefully prepared from a fresh, sweet, 
oil, will prove more satisfactory than any trade article. 
Cod liver oil owes its therapeutic value to the fact that 
it is a most easily assimilated fat ; preparations of cod 
liver oil represented to be fat-free are, therefore, of no 
nutritive value. 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 

Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Hypophosphitibus, U. S. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Calcii Lactophosphate, 

N. F. 
Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Calcii Phosphate, N. F. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 103 

Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum Extracto Malti, N. F. 
Emulsiim Olei Morrhuae cum Pruno Virginiana, N. F. 
Eimilsuin Phospliatieum. N. F. 
OLEUM OLIV-ffi Olivo Oil. 

Uses: Lenitive, laxative, demulcent, emollient. 
Dose: 30 Cc.. or 1 fluid ounce. 
Unguentum Diachylon, U. S. 
OLEUM RICINI Castor Oil. 

Uses: Cathartic (in aromatic water). 
Dose: 16 Cc.. or 4 fluidrams. 
Emulsum Olei Ricini, N. F. 

OLEUM THEOBROMATIS Cacao Butter. Solid, melt- 
ing at body temperature, 30-35 C. 
Uses: As vehicle for suppositories. 
OLEUM TIGLII Croton Oil. 

Uses: Drastic cathartic: externally rubifacient. 
vesicant. 

Dose: 0.05 Cc.. or 1 minim. 

Poison. Antidote: Evacuation by emetic or stom- 
ach pump. 

Linimentum Tiglii. N. F. Collodiurn. N. F. 
Linimentum Tiglii Composition, X. F. 
Olea Infusa, N. F. Infused Oils. Mixture of equal 
parts lard oil and cottonseed oil, representing about 
20 per cent, its weight of the oil-soluble principles 
of certain drugs (narcotic herbs). 
Uses: For external application. 

Oleum Hyoscyami Compositum, X. F. Infused oil of 
Hyoscyamus, containing also in 100 Cc. (25 fldrs.) 2 
drops each of the oils of absinth, lavender, rosemary 
and sage. 

Uses: Anodyne, antiseptic. 

Oleum Carbolatum, X F. Carbolized Oil. Phenol (car- 
bolic acid). 5 per cent, in cottonseed oil. 
Uses: Antiseptic, anesthetic. 

Olea Volatilia Volatile Oils (Essential). 
The volatile or ethereal oils are principles derived 
from plants and comprise neutral principles, aldehydes, 
ketones, pnenols or compounds of an acid with a radical, 
such as methyl acetate; compound ethers or esters. The 
esters are decomposed by alkalies; salicylic acid being 
thus derived from oil of gaultheria; most of the others 
are not affected by alkalies, nor by acids, except the ter- 
penes, of which oil of turpentine is the type. These 
react w y ith strong acids, especially nitric and sulphuric 
acids, fulminate or explode. The volatile oils are prac- 
tically insoluble in water, except the so-called oxygen- 



104 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ated group, comprising those employed as flavors and 
represented in saturated solutions in the aromatic 
waters. See "Aquae Medicatae." They are readily solu- 
ble in alcohol and the Spirits or "essences" are the most 
common form of their employment together with the 
elixirs. They are readily soluble in the other solvents, 
ether, chloroform, benzin and in fixed oils, which may 
be used as media for preparing Emulsions of them. See 
"Emulsum Olei Terebinthinae." They may be presented 
in dosage form in gelatin capsules. See "Capsulae." 
Special properties are indicated under the respective oils. 
Uses: Internally, aromatic stimulant: stomachic 
tonics, adjuvants; correctives in purgatives; exter- 
nally, stimulant, rubefacient, antiseptic, deodorant. 
OLEUM AMYGDALAE AMARJE Oil of Bitter Almonds. 
Should contain not less than 85 per cent, benzal- 
dehyde, and not less than 2 per cent, nor more than 
4 per cent, hydrocyanic acid. 
Uses: Sedative. 

Dose: 0.03 Cc., or y 2 minim. (Caution.) 
Aqua Amygdala? Amarse, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 
Spiritus Amygdalae Amarse, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. * 

Syrupus Amygdalae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
OLEUM ANISI. From Anise, or fruit of Star Anise. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Aquae Anisi, U. S. Spiritus Anisi, U. S. 
OLEUM AURANTII CORTICIS From peel Citrus Au- 
rantium. 

Dose: 0.2 Co., or 3 minims. 
Spiritus Aurantii Compositus, U. S. 

OLEUM BETTOR Oil Birch (01. Betul Volatile '90). 
From the bark of the sweet birch (Betula lenta), 
practically identical with oil of gaultheria, consist- 
ing chiefly of methyl salicylate. 
Uses: Antiseptic, antirheumatic. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims (in gelatin capsule). 
OLEUM CADINUM Oil of Cade. Product of dry dis- 
tillation of wood of Juniperus oxycedrus. 
Uses: Alterative, antiparasitic; externally as an 
addition to ointments. 
Unguentum Resorcini Compositum, N! F. 
Unguentum Sulphuris Compositum. N. F. 
OLEUM CAJUPUTI. From leaves and twigs of Mela- 
leuca leucadendron. Should contain not less than 55 
per cent cineol. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 105 

Uses: Alterative, antispasmodic, stimulant; cliiclly 
externally in liniments. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
OLEUM CARL From fruit Carum Carui. Caraway. 

Uses: Aromatic, carminative. 

Dose: 0.2 Co., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM CARYOPHYLLI From Eugenia aromatica. 

Cloves. Should contain not less than 80 per cent. 

eugenol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antitubercular, carminative. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM CHENOPODII. From C, anthelminticum. 

Wormseed. 

Uses: Anthelmintic, vermifuge. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM CINNAMOMI. From Cassia Cinnamon. Should 

contain not less than 75 per cent, cinnamic aldehyde. 

Uses: Aromatic, carminative stomachic. 

Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim. 
Aqua Cinnamomi, U. S. 
Spiritus Cinnamomi, U. S. 
OLEUM COPAIB-ffi. From Oleoresin Copaiba. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anticatarrhal, diuretic. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc.. or 8 minims. 
OLEUM CORIANDRL From Coriandrum sativum. 

Uses: Aromatic adjuvant, corrective. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM CUBEB^:. From Piper Cubeba. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
OLEUM ERIGERONTIS. From Erigeron canadensis. 

Fleabane. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
OLEUM EUCALYPTI. From leaves of Eucalyptus. 

Should contain not less than 50 per cent, cineol (eu- 

calyptol. 

Uses: Antiperiodic, antiseptic, antitubercular inhal- 
ant; externally, 5 to 20 per cent, solution in liquid 
petrolatum. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims (in gelatin capsule). 
OLEUM FCENICULI. From Foeniculum vulgare. 

Fennel. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Aqua Foeniculi, U. S. 
Spiritus Foeniculi, U. S. 
OLEUM GAULTHERL/E. From Gaultheria procumbens. 

Wintergreen. Consists chiefly of methyl aalicy- 

late. 



100 MANUAL OF PiiAKMACOFElA 

Uses: Antiseptic, antirheumatic, local anodyne in 
solution in oil or lanolin (10 per cent.). 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims (in gelatin capsule). 
Spiritus Gaultherise, U. S. 
Liquor Antisepticus, U. S. 
Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus, N. F. 
OLEUM HEDEOM^:. From Hedeoma pulegioides. 
Pennyroyal. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM JUNIPERI. From Juniperus communis. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Spiritus Juniperi, U. S. 
Spiritus Junperi Comp., U. S. 

OLEUM LIMONIS. From Citrus Limomum. Should 
yield not less than 4 per cent, aldehyde (citral). 
Uses: Flavor. 

OLEUM MENTH^E PIPERIT^E. From Peppermint. 
Should yield not less than 8 per cent, ester and not 
less than 50 per cent, total menthol. 
Uses: Antiseptic, anodyne, carminative. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Aqua Menthse Piperitae, U. S. 
Spiritus Menthae Piperitae, U. S. 
Liquor Antisepticus, U. S. 
Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus, N. F. 

OLEUM MENTHJE VIRIDIS. From Mentha spicata. 
Spearmint. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

OLEUM MYRISTICJE. From Myristica fragrans.- 
Nutraeg. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
OLEUM PICIS LIQUIDJE. From Picis Liquida. Tar. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Mistura Olei Picis, N. F. 
Unguentum Picis Compositum, N. F. 
OLEUM PIMENTO. From Pimenta officinalis. All 
spice. Should contain not less than 65 per cent, 
eugenol. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

OLEUM ROS.ffi. From Rosa damascena. Should have 
-aponification value not less than 10 nor more thai 
17. 

OLEUM ROSMARINI. From Rosmarinus officinalis. 
Should contain not less than 15 per cent, total 
borneol. 

OLEUM SABIN^. From -luniperus sabina, 
Dose: 0.05 Cc.. or 1 minim. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 107 

OLEUM SANTALI. From Santalum album. Should 
contain not less than 90 per cent, alcohols (santa- 
lol). 

Uses: Antiseptic, anticatarrhal (genito-urinary) . 
Should be ordered to be put up in gelatin eapsutes, 
preferably to prescribing the ready put-up trade 
article. 

Dose: 0.5 Co., or 8 minims. 
OLEUM SASSAFRAS. From Sassafras variifolium. 

Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

OLEUM SIN APIS VOLATILE.^From Brassica nigra. 
Should yield not less than 92 per cent, allyl iso- 
thiocyanate. 

Uses: Rubefacient, vesicant. 

Dose: 0.008 Cc v or y s minim; (rarely internally). 
(Caution.) Spiritus, N. F. (2 per cent.). 
OLEUM TEREBINTHIN^E. From Terebinthina. 
OLEUM TEREBINTHINA RECTIFICATUM. Recti- 
fied oil of turpentine. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anthelminitic, diuretic; internally 
in the form of emulsion. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 

Emulsum Terebinthinae, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 dr. 
Linimentum Terebinthinae, U. S. 

Emulsum Olei Terebinthinae Fortius, N. F. 50 per cent. 
Linimentum Terebinthinre Aceticum, X. F. 
In tympanites of typhoid fever and peritonitis: 

R. Olei terebinthinae fl. 3i 4 

Olei ricini fl. 3ii 8 

Tincturge opii m. xl 25 

Acacise 3i 4 

Aquae, q. s. ad fl. Sii 60 

Ft. emulsum. Sig. : Tablespoonful and repeat in four 
h6urs if required. 

OLEUM THYMI. From Thymus vulgaris. Should con- 
tain not less than 20 per cent, phenols (thymol). 
Uses: Antiseptic, carminative, rubefacient. 
Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 
Liquor Antiscpticus, U. S. 

OLEUM JETHERUM Ethereal Oil. Liquid; equal vol- 
umes of heavy oil of wine and ether. 
Spiritus Athens Compositus, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 

OPII PULVIS. 12 to 12.5 per cent. Morphine. 
Dose: 0.65 Gm., or 1 grain. 

Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, cerebrospinal de- 
pressant, hypnotic. 

Poison. Antidote: Potassium permanganate (2 
grains in solution), emetic, atropine or strychnine, 
caffeine or coffee; exercise, keep awake. 



108 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Acetum Opii, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. 
Vinum Opii, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. 
Tinctura Opii, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. 

Tinctura Opii Deodorata, U. S. (10 per cent.). Dose: 

0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Tinctura Ipecacuanhas et Opii, U. S. (Each 10 per 

cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Tinctura Opii Camphorata, U. S. (0.4 per cent. 

opium ) . Dose : 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Extractum Opii, U. S. ( 20 per cent, morphine ) . 

Dose: 0.03 Gm., or y 2 grain. 

E'mplastrum Opii, U. S. (6 per cent, extract opium). 
Pilulae Opii, U. S. (O.OG Gm. in each). 
Trochisci Glycyrrhizse et Opii, U. S. (5 mg. in each). 
Pulvis Ipecacuanhas et Opii, U. S. (10 per cent.). 

Dose 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Pilules Opii et Camphorse, N. F. 
Pilulae Opii et Plumbi, N. F. 
Lotio Plumbi et Opii, N. F. 
Mistura Sassafras et Opii, N. F. 
Pulvis Cretse Aromaticus cum Opio, N. F. 
Pulvis Kino Compositus, N. F. 
Misturae contra Diarrhoeam, N. F. 
Linimentum Opii Compositum, N. F. 
Mistura Camphorse Acida, N. F. 
Mistura Carminativa, N. F. 
OPIUM. Concrete exudation Papaver somniterum. 

Yielding in its normal moist condition not less than 

9 per cent, crystallized morphine. 

OPIUM DEODORATUM. Denarcotized Opium. Pow- 
dered opium deprived of certain odorous principles 
by extraction with benzin and mixed with milk- 
sugar so as to represent 12 to 12.5 per cent, mor- 
phine. 

Uses: Same as Opium pulv., to which it is some- 
times preferred as producing no untoward effects. 
Dose: 0.005 Gm., or 1 grain. 

OPIUM GRANULATUM. 12 to 12.5 per cent. Morphine. 

Oxymel Scillae, N. F. Oxymel of Squill. Mixture of 
acetum scilla, 50; mel, 100 Gm. 
Uses: Similar to Syrupus Scillse, U. S. 
Dose: 4 Cc. or 1 fluidram. 

PANCREATINUM. Mixture of enzymes obtained from 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 109 

the fresh pancreas of the hog or the ox and consist- 
ing principally of amylopsin, myopsin, trypsin and 
steapsin and capable of converting not less than 25 
times its weight of starch into water-soluble sub- 
stance (dextrose). It digests albuminoids and in 
neutral, faintly alkaline or acid media converts 
starch. Its power is impaired when in solution with 
pepsin, and preparations of pancreatin and pepsin, 
like the two last-mentioned below, are practically 
inert. 

Cream-colored powder, slowly but not completely sol 
uble In water, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Digestive (intestinal). 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 

Liquor Pancreaticus, N. F. 

Pulvis Pancreaticus Compositus, N. F. (Peptonizing 
powder). 

Pulvis Pepsini Compositus, N. F. 

Elixir Digestivum Compositum, N. F. 

PARAFFINUM Paraffin. 

PARALDEHYDUM. A polymer of Acetaldehyde. 

Colorless liquid, soluble in 8 parts water, miscible in 
all proportions with alcohol, ether fixed volatile oils. 

Uses: Hypnotic, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Elixir Paraldehydi, N. F. 

PAREIRA. Root of Chondodendrum tomentosum. 
Uses: Alterative, diuretic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Pareirse, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Pastas Dermatologies, N. F. Dermatologic Pastes. 
Medicaments for external use. suggested in the prac- 
tice of noted dermatologists (Lassar, Unna and others^. 
They are ointment-like mixtures of starch, dextrin, zinc 
oxide, sulphur, or calcium carbonate, made into a paste 
with glycerin, soft soap, petrolatum, lard or other fat, 
medicated with antiseptic and astringent agents. The 
following are examples: 

Pasta Dextrinata, N. F. "Dextrinated Paste." Dextrin, 
10; glycerin, 10; distilled water, a sufficient quan- 
tity to make 30 parts. 

NOTE. This is a general vehicle for various medica- 
tions. 
Pasta Ichthyoli, Unna, N. F. "Unna's Ichthyol Paste." 

Ammonium ichthyolsulphonate, 25 per cent. 
Pasta Naphtholi, Lassar, N. F. "Lassar's Naphthol 



110 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Paste." Beta-naphthol, 10; precipitated sulphur, 
50; petrolatum, 20; soft soap, 20 parts. 

Pasta Resorcini Mitis, Lassar, N. F. "Lassar's Mild Re- 
sorcin Paste." Resorcinol, 10; zinc oxide, 25; 
starch, 25; liquid petrolatum, 40 parts. 

Pasta Zinci Lassar, N. F. "Lassar's Zinc-Salicyl Paste." 
Salicylic Acid, 2 per cent. 

Pasta Zinci Mollis, Unna, N. F. "Unna's Soft Zinc- 
Paste." Zinc oxide, 10; calcium carbonate, 10; lin- 
seecl oil, 10; lime water, 10 parts. 

Pasta Zinci Sulfurata, Unna, N. F. "Unna's Sulphur- 
ated Zinc Paste." Zinc oxide, 15; precipitated sul- 
phur, 10; silicic acid, 5 parts; benzoinated lard, 70 
parts. 

PELLETIERIN^E TANNAS Pelletierine tannate. Mix- 
ture of four alkaloids from Punica Granatum. 

Light yellow powder, soluble in 235 parts water, 12.6 
parts alcohol, 300 parts ether. 
Uses: Anthelmintic, teniafuge. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains ( in capsule). 

PEPO. Seed of Cucurbita Pepo. 

Uses: Teniafuge, emulsion (not strained). 
Dose: 30 Gm., or 1 ounce. 

PEPSINUM Pepsin. Proteolytic ferment or enzyme 
from the hog, capable of digesting not less than 
3,000 times its weight of freshly congulated and dis- 
integrated egg albumin. Pepsin in solution is in- 
compatible with alkalies and pancreatin, which de- 
stroy its activity; alcohol above 25 per cent, also 
impairs its activity. It is precipitated by salts of 
many of the heavy metals (mercury), tannic and 
gallic acids, and by alcohol (50 per cent.). 

White, or yellowish, scales or grains, or white or 
cream-colored powder, soluble, or almost entirely sol- 
uble, in about 50 parts water, more soluble in water 
weakly acidulated with HC1, insoluble in alcohol or 
ether. 

Uses: Digestive (stomachic). 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 

The following preparations afford ample choice for 
preparations of pepsin, especially when desired as ve- 
hicles to make medicines more acceptable to the stom- 
ach. 

Essentia Pepsini, N. F. Dose : 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Glyceritum Pepsini. N. F. Dose: 3 Cc., or 45 minims. 
Liquor Pepsini, N. F. Dose: 8 Cc. 
Liquor Pepsini Aromaticus, N. F. 
Elixir Pepsini, N. F. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. Ill 

Elixir Pepsini et Bismnthi, N. F. 

Elixir Pepsini, Bismuthi et Strychninae, N. F. 

Elixir Pepsini et Ferri, N. F. 

Elixir Cinchonae Ferri et Pepsini, N. F. 

Elixir Cinchonas Pepsini et Strychninae, N. F. 

Vinum Pepsini, N. F. 

Pulvis Pepsini Compositus, N. F. Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 

grains. 

Elixir Digestivum Compositum, N. F. 
In feeble digestion during convalescence: 

R. Pepsini (scale) 3i 4 

Acidi hydrochloric! diluti fl. 31 4 

Syrupi acidi citric! fl. oil 8 

Aqua?, q. s. ad fl. Sxxv 100 

M. Sig. : Teaspoonful in water after meals. 
Pepsinum Aromaticum, N. F. Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 

grains. 

PETROLATUM Soft Paraffin Vaselin. Mixture of 
hydrocarbons from petroleum. Melting point be- 
tween 45 and 48 C., intended to replace petrolatum 
molle (soft), and P. spissum (hard) of the U. S. 
P. '90. 

Uses: Protective, emollient, lubricant. 
PETROLATUM ALBUM White Petrolatum. 
PETROLATUM LIQUIDUM Liquid Petrolatum. 

Colorless, or slightly yellowish opalescent liquid, s. g., 
0.87 to 0.94, insoluble in water or alcohol nor miscible 
with watery mixtures unless containing soap ; soluble 
in the other common liquids and a solvent for phenol, 
volatile oils and derivatives such as camphor, thymol, 
salicylic acid, etc. 

Uses: Emollient, lubricant, vehicle for medicinal 
agents for external application. It should be prescribed 
under the official title in preference to the many trade- 
name articles, albolin, lavolin, etc. 

Petrolatum Saponatum Liquidum, N. F. Liquid Petrox. 
Petrolatum saponified with ammonium oleate. 
Uses: A penetrating vehicle for medicinal agents, 
phenol, iodine, iodoform, salicylic acid, etc. Systemic 
effects said to be derived through inunction. 
Petrolatum Saponatum Spissum Solid Petrox. Similar 
to the preceding, but of semi-solid consistence, to 
serve as an ointment vehicle. 
Uses: Similar to the preceding. 

PHENOL Acidum Carbolicum (U. S. '90) . Hydroxy- 
benzene from coal tar, by fractional distillation, 
purification and crystallization. Should contain not 
less than 96 per cent, absolute phenol. 

Colorless crystals, or crystalline mass, sometimes ac- 
quiring a reddish tint, readily fusing and inflammable, 



112 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

soluble in 19.6 parts water, very soluble in all other 
solvents except petroleum-benzin. The addition of 8 
per cent, water to the crystals forms a permanent solu- 
tion. 
Uses: Antiseptic, local anesthetic, antizymotic, 

antipruritic, escharotic. 

Poison. Antidote: Alcohol, magnesium sulphate 

solution; emetic, mustard infusion. 

Dose: O.OGo Gm., or 1 grain (pill form); rarely 

internally. 

Glyceritum Phenolis, U. S. 20 per cent. 

Unguentum Phenolis, U. S. 3 per cent. 

Liquor Sodii Boratis Compositus, N. F. 

Acidum Carbolicum lodatum. X. F. 

Liquor Sodii Carbolatus, N. F. 

PHENOL LIQUEFACTUM Liquefied Phenol. Liquid 
containing 86.4 per cent, by weight of absolute phe- 
nol, or 90 per cent, official phenol; 10 parts by 
weight represents 9 parts phenol, U. S.; a conven- 
ient liquid form for general use. 
Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim. 

PHENYLIS SALICYLAS Salol (U. S. '90). The sali- 
cylic ester of phenol. 

White crystalline powder, practically insoluble in 
water (2,333 parts), soluble in 5 parts alcohol, very 
soluble in ether, chloroform, fixed and volatile oils. 
Uses: Analgesic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, inter- 
nally and externally (should not be massed). 

Dose: 0.50 Gm., or 7% grains, in gelatin capsule, 

cachets (powder form). 

Also used for coating enteric pills by dipping the 

pills in the melted salol. 
PHOSPHORUS. Should contain 99.5 per cent. P. 

Translucent, yellowish solid, of a waxy luster, practi- 
cally insoluble in water, soluble in 350 parts absolute 
alcohol. 80 parts absolute ether, in 50 parts of any fixed 
oil and 25 parts chloroform : very soluble in carbon 
disulphide, the solution being dangerously inflammable. 
Uses: Nerve stimulant, reconstructive tonic; may 

be used only in highly diluted form as in pill. 

Poison. -Antidote: Potassium permanganate solu- 
tion, charcoal, lime water; emetics. 

Dose: 0.0005 Gm., equal to 0.5 mg., or 1/128 grain. 

Pilula Phosphori, U. S. (0.6 mg., or 1/100 gr.) in 
each 

Oleurr Phosphoratum, N. F. 

Elixir Phosphori, N. F. 

Elixir Phosphori et Xucis Vomicae, N. F. 

Liquor Phosphori, Thompson's, N. F. 

Spiritus Phosphori, N. F. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. ' 113 

PHYSOSTIGMA. Seed from Physostigma venenosum. 
Should contain not less than 0.15 per cent, alkaloids 
soluble in ether. 

Uses: Antitetanic antineuralgic, peristaltic. 
Poison. Antidote: Chloralhydrate, atropine, strych- 
nine subcutaneously. 

Dose: 0.1 Gm., or 1% grains. 
Tinctura Physostigmatis, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
Extractum Physostigmatis, U. S. Dose: 8 mg., or % 

grain. 

PHYSOSTIGMINJE SALICYLAS. "Eserine" Salicylate. 
Faintly yellowish acicular or columnar crystals, sol- 
uble in 72.5 parts water, 12.7 parts alcohol, 175 parts 
ether, and 8.6 parts chloroform. 
Uses: Myotic, spinal depressant, peristaltic. 
Dose: 0.001 Gm., equal to 1 mg., or 1/64 grain (in 
granule) . 
PHYSOSTIGMINJE SULPHAS. "Eserine" Sulphate. 

Yellowish-white micro-crystalline powder, very sol 
uble in water, alcohol and chloroform, practically insol- 
uble in ether (1200). 

Uses: Similar to salicylate (in tablet triturate). 
Dose: 0.001 Gm., equal to 1 mg., or 1/64 grain. 
PHYTOLACCA. Root of Phytolacca decandra. 
Uses: Alterative, antifat, emetic. 
Dose: Emetic, 1 Gm., or 15 grains; alterative, 0.125 
Cm., or 2 grains. 
Fluidextractum Phytolaccae, U. S. Dose: Alterative, 

0.1 Cc. (1% minims); emetic, 1 Cc. (15 minims). 
PILOCARPINJE HYDROCHLORIDUM. -- P. Hydro- 
chloras (U. S. '90). 

White transparent crystals, very soluble in water (0.3 
part) and in alcohol (2.3 parts). 

Uses: Diaphoretic, diuretic, myotic, sialagogue; in 
powder, capsule, tablet triturate or hypodermically. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain/ 
Solution to contain 10 mg. (1/5 gr.) in 0.6 Cc. (10 
minims) . 

F. Pilocarpinae hydrochloridi gr. iii 12 

Aquae sterilatse ad m. Cl. 10| 

Ft. sol. 

PILOCARPINJE NITRAS. Pilocarpine Nitrate. 

White shining crystals, soluble in 4 parts water, 60 

parts alcohol, insoluble in ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Same as the pilocarpine hydrochloride. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg.. or 1/5 grain. 
PILOCARPUS.- Leaflets of P. Jaborandi or P. micro- 



114 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

phyllus. Should yield not less than 0.5 per cent, 
alkaloids. 

Uses: Diuretic, diaphoretic, salagogue, sudorific. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Pilocarpi, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
Liixir Pilocarpi, N. F. 

PILULJE PILLS. 

Pills are round, oval or ovoid forms of medicinal sub- 
stances, massed by the aid of judiciously selected excipi- 
ents, and weighing not less than 0.06 Gm. (1 gr.), nor 
more than 0.5 Gm. (8 gr.). If they weigh less than 0.06 
Gm. (1 gr.), and more than 0.02 Gm. (1/3 gr.), they 
are known as "Granules"; if below the latter in weight, 
they are usually designated as "Parvules." 

In their simplest form, pills are prepared as required, 
and dispensed with sufficient dusting powder to prevent 
them from adhering while moist; but if they are pre- 
pared for stock, or if it is desirable to mask their taste, 
or for other reasons, they may be coated with some suit- 
able substance that will readily dissolve or disintegrate 
in the juices of the stomach (sugar, gelatin, chocolate, 
tolu, silver). Sometimes it is desirable to coat the pills 
with a material which, while insoluble in the acid con- 
tents of the stomac^ (salol, keratin, etc.) dissolves read- 
ily in the alkaline fluids of the intestines. Such are 
called "Enteric Pills." When pills are desired coated, the 
especial coating should be designated. The choice of 
excipient is usually left to the pharmacist. 
Pills may be ordered in this simple form : 

R. Hydrargyri iodidi flavi gr. ii (13 

Fiat massa et in pilulas numcro decem (10) divide. 

R. Hydrargyri iodidi flavi gr. 1/5 |01 

Fiant pilulse tali dosi numero decem (10). 

IJ. Hydrargyri iodidi flavi gr. ii 13 

Althese pulv. 
Syrupi, aa, q. s. ut fit massa, et in pilulas numero 

decem (10) divide. 

The principal excipients are water, soap powder, glyc- 
erite of starch, syrup, honey, syrupy glucose. 

Pilulae ad Prandium, N. F. 
Pilula Aloes et Mastiches, U. S. (Unless otherwise 

specified). 
Chapman's: 



R. Aloes puriflcatae 

Mastic, aa gr. iss 

Ipecac pulv gr. i 

Olei menthae pip gr. J /4 



1 

06 

015 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 



115 



Cole's: 

R. Aloes purificatae 
Massae hydrargyri 

Jalap, aa gr. 1 1/5 08 

Antimonii et potass, tart gr. 1/50 0013 

Hall's: 

R. Aloes purificatae | 

Ext. glycyrrhizae 
Syrupi fusel 

Saponis pulv., aa gr. i 06 

PILULA ALOES. 
R. Aloes. 

Saponis, aa gr. ii 1 13 

PILULA ALOES ET FERRI. 
R. Aloes purificatse 

Ferri sulphatis exsicc. 
Confectionis rosse 

Pulv. aromatici, aa gr. i 07 

PILULA ALOES ET MASTICHES. 

R. Aloes purificatae gr. ii 13 

Mastic gr. 2/3 04 

Rosae gallicse pulv gr. ss 03 

Dose: 2. 
PILULA ALOES ET MYRRHJE. 

R. Aloes purificatse gr. ii 13 

Myrrhoe gr. i 06 

Pulv. aromatici gr. 2/3 04 

Dose: 2. 
Pilula Aloes et Podophylli Compositae, N. F.: 

R. Aloes purificatse gr. i 106 

Resinse podophylli gr. ss 032 

Ext. belladonnse fol. 

Ext. nuc. vomica, aa gr. % 016 

Pilula Aloini Composita, N. F.: 

R. Aloini gr. ss 03 

Resinae podophylli gr. 1/8 008 

Ext. belladonnae fol gr. 1/4 016 

Pilula Aloini, Strychnina* et Belladonnae, N. F.: 

R. Aloini gr. 1/5 013 

Strychninae gr. 1/120 0005 

Ext. belladonnse fol gr. 1/8 008 

Pilula Aloini, Strychninae et Belladonnae Comp., N. F. 

R. Aloini gr. 1/5 013 

Strychninse gr. 1/120 0005 

Ext. belladonnse fol gr. 1/8 008 

Ext. rhamni. pursh gr. ss 032 

Pilula Antidyspeptica, N. F. : 

R. Strychninse gr. 1/40 0016 

Ipecac. 

Ext. belladonnae fol.. aa gr. 1/10 006 

Massae hydra rervri 

Ext. colocynthidis, aa gr. ii |13 



116 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Pilulse Antineuralgicae, N. F. 
Gross 1 (dispensed without specification): 
R. Quininae sulphatis gr. ii 

Strychnine gr. 1/30 

Morphinae sulph. 

Arseni trioxidi, aa gr. 1/20 

Ext. aconiti fol. (U. S. P. '70), . . .gr. ss 
Dose: 1. 

Bro wn-Sequard : 
R. Ext." hyoscyami 

Ext. conii. N. F., aa gr. 2/3 

Ext. ignatiae 

Ext. opii, aa gr. ss 

Ext. aconiti fol.. U. S. P., TO gr. 1/3 

Ext. cannabis ind gr. 1/4 

Ext. stramonii gr. 1/5 

Ext. belladonna fol gr. 1/6 

Dose: 1. 

Pilula Antiperiodica.- -Warburg. N. F. Sine aloe, when 
specified. These pills are intended to facilitate the 
administration of Warburg's Tincture. See Tinc- 
tura Antiperiodica. N. F. 
PILULA ASAFCETIDJE. 

B. Asafetidffi gr. iii [20 

Saponis pulv. 
Dose: 2. 
PILULA CATHARTICA COMP. 



13 
0022 

0032 
032 



045 

032 
022 
016 
013 
Oil 



JJ. Ext. colocyuthidis comp....gr. 11/3 

Hydrargyri chloridi mitis gr. i 

Resime jalapse gr. 1/3 

Cambogise pulv gr. 1/4 

Dose: 2. 
PILULA CATHARTICA VEGETABILIS. 

I. Ext. colocynthidis comp gr. i 

Extracti hyoscyami gr. ss 

Resinae jalapae gr. 1/3 

Extracti leptandrae. 



08 
06 
02 
015 



06 
03 
02 

Resinae podophylli, aa gr. 1/4 015 

Olei menthse piperitae gr. 1/8 008 

Dose: 2. 
Pilula Colocynthidis Comp. (Pil Coccise). K F.: 



R. Ext. colocynthidis gr. 1/6 

Aloes purif. 

Resinae scammonii, aa gr. ii 

Olei caryophylli gr. 1/4 

Pilula Colocynthidis et Hyoscyami, N. F. : 
R. Extract, colocynthidis gr. 1/10 

Aloes purif 

Resinae scammpni 

Ext. hyoscyami, aa gr. iss 

Olei caryophylli gr. 1/6 



Oil 

13 

015 

006 

1 
01 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 117 

Pilula Colocynthidis et Podophylli, N. F. 

R. Ext. colocynth. comp gr. iiss 116 

Resinae podophylli gr. 1/4 |016 

PILULA FERRI CARBONATIS "Blaud's Pill" Rep- 
resenting Ferrous Carbonate 0.06 Gm., or 1 grain. 
By reaction on ferrous sulphate with alkalies, fer- 
rous carbonate is formed, protected against oxida- 
tion by sugar and excipients. Should be prepared 
as wanted. 

Uses: Chalybeate tonic, hematinic. 
Dose: 2. 

PILULA FERRI IODIDI (Blancard's Pill ) .Ferrous 
Iodide, 0.06 Gm., or 1 grain, formed by reaction of 
iodine and iron, is protected against oxidation by 
excipients and a coating of tolu. 
Uses: Alterative, hematinic. 
Dose: 2. 

PILULA LAXATIVA COMP. 



R. Aloini ...................... gr. 1/4 

Strychnine .............. gr. 1/128 

Ext. belladonna foliorum. . . .gr. 1/8 

Ipecacuanhas pulv .......... gr. 1/16 

Glycyrrhizse pulv ...... ...... gr. 3/4 

Dose: 2. 
Pilula Laxativa Post Partum, Barker, N. F. 

R. Ext. colocynth comp ........ gr. 1 2/3 

Aloes purif ................... gr. 5/6* 

Ext. nuc. vom ................ gr. 5/12 

Ipecac. 

Resin, podophylli, aa .......... gr. 1/12 

Ext. hyoscyami .............. gr. 1 1/4 



013 

0005 

008 

004 

046 



11 

055 
025 

005 

08 



Pilula Glonoini (Nitroglycerin) , N. F. Each pill con- 
tains 1/100 grain (0.0006 Glonoin, representing 
1 grain (0.06) Spiritus Glycerilis Nitratis, U. S. 

Pilula Metallorum. (Amaraa). N. F.: 



R. Ferri reducti ................. gr. 2/3 

Quininse sulph ................. gr. i 

Arseni trioxidi 



045 

065 



0013 






Strychninae, aa ............... gr. 1/50 

PILULA OPII. 

R. Opii pulv ...................... gr. i 106 

Saponis pulv ................ gr. 1/3 (02 

Dose: 1. 
Pilula Opii et Camphorae, N. F. Opii pulv., 1 grain 

(0.065); camphorae, 2 grains (0.13). 
Pilula Opii et Plumbi, N. F. Opii pulv., Plumbi aceta- 

tis, ana, 1 grain (0.065). 

PILUfcA PHOSPHORI Phosphorus. 0.0006 Gm., or 
1/100 grain. Phosphorus is dissolved in chloroform 
and massed with excipients; the pills being coated 



118 



MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 



with tolu to protect the phosphorus against oxida- 
tion. 

Uses: Xerve tonic. 
Dose: 1. 

PILULA PODOPHYLLI BELLADONNA ET CAPSICI. 



016 
008 
032 
005 
016 



IJ. Resina? podophylli gr. 1/4 

Ext. belladonna? foliorinn gr. 1/8 

Capsici pulv : . . . . gr. ss 

Sacchari lactis pr. i 

Acacia? pulv gr. 1/4 

Dose: 1. 

Pilula Quadruplices. ( IVrrie et Quiniiw Comp.) 
R. Ferri sulph. exsiccatse 
Quinina? sulplv. 

Aloes purif., aa gr. i 

Ext. nucis vomica? gr. 1/4 

Ext. gentianae q. s. 

PILULA RHEI COMPOSITA. 

R. Rhei pulv gr. ii 

Aloes gr. iss 

Myrrhae gr. i 

Olei mentha? pip gr. 1/12 

Dose: 2. 
Pilulae Triplices, X. F.: 

R. Aloes purif grs. ii 

Massae hydrargyri gr. i 

Resinse podophylli gr. 1/4 

Francis' (if specified): 
R. Aloes purif. 

Mussae hydra rgyrl 

Scammonii, aa gr. 5/6 

Olei tiglii m. 1/20 

Olei cari m. 1/4 

Tr aloes et myrrha 1 o. s. 
PIMENTA, Fruit Pimenta officinalis. 
PIPER. Fruit Piper nigra, 
PIPERINA. Principle obtained from Pepper. 

Yellowish white crystals, insoluble in water, soluble 
in 15 parts alcohol. 
Uses: Antiperiodic, tonic. 
Dose: 0.2 Gm., or 3 grains (in pills). 
PIX LIQUID A Tar (Pine tar). 

Semi-liquid, viscid, blackish-brown product, soluble in 
alcohol, fixed or volatile oils, very sparingly soluble in 
water. 

Uses: Expectorant; externally, antiseptic in skin 
affections. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 

Syrupus Picis Liquids?, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 
fluidram. 



X. F.: 

I 

|065 
1016 



113 
10 

06 

005 



065 

1016 



055 
0032 

016 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 119 

Liquor Picis Alkalinus, N. F. 

Vinum Picis, N. F. 

Glyceritum Picis Liquidae, N. F. 

Elixir Picis Compositum, N. F. 

INTistura Olei Picis, N. F. 

Ungueiitum Picis, U. S. 

Unguentum Picis, Compositum, N. F. 

PLUMBUM LEAD Pb. 

The soluble compounds of Lead are all poisonous. 
Antidote: Any soluble alkali sulphate, preferably mag- 
nesium sulphate, which by interaction forms the insolu- 
ble lead sulphate; subsequently evacuation by emetic. 
PLUMBI ACETAS Sugar of Lead. 

Heavy white crystalline masses, or granular crystals, 
soluble in 2 parts water, 30 parts alcohol. 
Uses: Styptic, astringent. Internally in diarrhea 
in powder or pill; externally the solution of the sub- 
acetate, the so-called lead water, or the cerate being 
mostly used. 

Dose: 0.005 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Liquor Plumbi Subacetatis, U. S. 
Liquor Plumbi Subacetatis Dilutus, U. S. 
Cera turn Plumbi Subacetatis, U. S. 
Emplastrum Plumbi, U. S. 
Pilula Plumbi et Opii, N. F. 
Lotio Plumbi et Opii, N. F. 
PLUMBI IODIDUM ILead Iodide. 

Heavy bright-yellow powder, practically insoluble in 
water or other neutral liquids. 
Uses: Alterative, discutient; externally. 
Unguentum Plumbi lodidi, N. F. (10 per cent.). 
PLUMBI NITRAS Lead Nitrate. 

White opaoue crystals, very soluble in water. 
Uses: Unlike the acetate, it is permanent in the 
air and is preferred for making solutions. 
PLUMBI OXIDUM Litharge. 

Heavy salmon-colored powder, insoluble in water and 
neutral liquids. 

PODOPHYLLUM Rhizome of Podophyllum peltatum. 
Uses: Alterative, cholagogue, cathartic. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 1% grains. 
Fluidextractum Podophylli, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 

8 minims. 

Resina Podophylli, U. S. Dose: Purgative, 0.015 
Gm., or 14 grain; laxative, 0.005 Gm., or 1/10 grain, 
Pilula Cathartica Vegetabilis, U. S. 
Pilula Podophylli, Belladonna* et Capsici, U. S. 
Pilula Aloes et Podophylli Composita, N. F. 



120 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Pilula Aloini Composita, N. F. 
Pilula Colocynthidis et Podophylli, N. F. 
Pilula Laxativa postpartum, N. F. 
Pilula Triplices, N. F. 

POTASSIUM KALIUMK. 

The salts of potassium are all soluble in water and, 
with some exceptions, insoluble in alcohol. The acid 
tartrate of potassium (cream of tartar) is sparingly 
soluble in water (in 200 parts) ; the chlorate and per- 
manganate in 16 parts; the remaining salts are still 
more soluble, some even being deliquescent, e. g., the 
acetate. The potassium salts, however, are somewhat 
less soluble in water than the respective sodium salts. 
The alkalies are represented by the hydroxide, carbonate 
and bicarbonate, their relative strength being in the 
order named. 
POTASSII ACETAS Potassium Acetate. 

White crystalline powder, deliquescent, soluble in 0.4 
part water. 

Uses: Alterative, diuretic, refrigerant. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains (in solution only). 
Elixir Potassii Acetatis, N. F. 
Elixir Potassii Acetatis et Juniperi, N. F. 
POTASSII BICARBONAS Potassium Bicarbonate 
KHOO.. 

Transparent prisms or granular powder soluble in 3 
parts water. 

Uses: Antacid, antilithic, diuretic. 
Dose: 2 Cm., or 30 grains. 

Liquor Potassii Citratis. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus, N. F. 
In early stages of rheumatoid arthritis: 

R. Potassii bicarbonatis Siss 48 

Potassii iodidi 3yi 24 

Svrupi sarsaparillae compositi fi. 3ii 60 

Aquae q. s. ad fl. Sviii 240 

M. Ft. solutio. Sig. : Two teaspoonfuls in water after 
meals. 

POTASSII BITARTRAS Cream of Tartar. 

White crystalline powder, soluble in 200 parts water. 
Uses: Diuretic, aperient, refrigerant. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains (diuretic). 
Pulvis Jalapa? Compositus, U. S. Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 

grains. 
POTASSII BROMIDUM Potassium Bromide KBr. 

White cubical crystals or granular powder, soluble in 
1.r> parts water. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 
Dcse: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 121 

In liquid mixtures with salts of alkaloids chemical 
interaction occurs, with the formation of bromide of 
the alkaloid, which, being insoluble in watery liquids, 
precipitates, thus making the preparation dangerous 
to use. This may be prevented by using aromatic 
elixir or other alcoholic liquid for a vehicle since the 
alkaloidal bromide is soluble, in 25 per cent, alcohol, 
thus: 

I. Potassii bromidi gr. Clx 10| 

Strychninae sulphatis gr. i (06 

Elixir aromatici, ad fl. 3xxv 100 1 

M. et ft. sol. Sig.: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Elixir Potassii Bromidi, N. F. 
Syrupus Bromidorum, N. F. 

Mistura Chlorali et Potassii Bromidi Composita, N. F. 
Pulvis Potassii Bromidi Effervescens, N. F. 
. K . Pulvis Potassii Bromidi Effervescens cum Caffeina, 

N T . F. 

;^OTASSII CARBONAS Salt of Tartar K 2 CO 8 . 

White granular powder, soluble in less than its weight 
of water. 

Uses: Antacid, antilithic, cholagogue; rarely inter- 
nally, chiefly as a caustic and as a reagent. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (largely diluted). 
| Syrupus Rhei, U. S. 

Syrupus Rhei Aromaticus, U. S. 

* POTASSII CHLORAS Potassium Chlorate KC1O 8 . 

Tabular plates, or white granular powder, soluble in 
16 parts water, in 1.7 parts boiling water, insoluble 
in alcohol, etc. 

CAUTION. Should not be triturated with sugar or 
other organic substances nor with sulphur or other 
easily oxidizable substances. 

Mixture should be effected by means of spatula with- 
out the use of a mortar. 

In the following mixture the potassium chlorate is 
first mixed with the tincture of ferric chloride (to liber- 
ate chlorine) before the glycerin and water are added: 

B. Potassii chloratis gr. Ixxx 5 

Tr. ferri chloridi m. clx 10 

Glycerini fl. 3iv 15 

Aquae q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 

M. et ft. sol. sec. art. Sig.: One teaspoonful. 
Uses: Alterative, antiseptic, astringent. For pre- 
paring Liquor Chlori Compositus, U. S. P. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 

The saturated solution (1 ounce to 1 pint water). 
Trochisci Potassii Chloratis, U. S. 



122 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

POTASSII CITRAS Potassium Citrate. 

Prismatic crystals, or white granular powder, solu- 
ble in 0.5 parts water. 
Uses: Diaphoretic, refrigerant. 
Dose: 1 Gin., or 15 grains. 
Liquor Potassii Citratis, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 

fluidrams. 

POTASSII CITRAS EFFBRVESCENS Granular Salt. 
Effervescent mixture containg 20 per cent, potassium 
citrate. 

Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains, containing about 0.8 
Gm., or 12 grains potassium citrate. 
POTASSII CYANIDUM Potassium Cyanide KCX. 

White opaque pieces, or white granular powder, very 
deliquescent, soluble in 2 parts water. Very poisonous, 
must be bandied with great care. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, cough sedative (caution). 
Poison. Antidote: Ferri hydroxidum cum magnesii 
oxido. 

Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain, in 
dilute solution, water or syrup. 
POTASSII DICHROMAS Potassium Bichromate. 

Orange-red prisms, or tabular crystals, soluble in 9 
parts water. 

Uses: Alterative, astringent, caustic. 
Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain 
(rarely). 
POTASSII FERROCYANIDUM. 

Yellow tabular crystals, soluble in 4 parts water. 
Uses: Sedative, antihydrotic (in night sweats). 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains (rarely). 
POTASSII HYDROXIDUM Potassa (U. S. '90). 
Caustic Potash KOH. Should contain not less than 
85 per cent. KOH. 

Fused masses or in pencils, soluble in 0.4 parts water. 
CAUTION. In handling, to avoid caustic effect, lubri- 
cate the hands thoroughly with petrolatum. 
Liquor Potassii Hydroxidi, U. S. (Liquor Potassa) 
KOH 5 per cent. 

POTASSII HYPOPHOSPHIS KPH,0 2 . 

White opaque plates or crystalline masses, soluble in 

().;") parts water, in 7 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Nerve tonic, reconstructive similar to hypo- 
phosphites calcium, sodium, etc. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 123 

Syrupus Hypophosphitum Compositus. U. S. Dose: 

"8 Cc. 

See also Elixir and Syrupus, N. F. 
POTASSII IODIDUM Iodide of Potassium KI. 

Opaque white cubical crystals or white granular pow- 
der, soluble in 0.7 parts water, 12 parts alcohol, 2.5 
parts glycerin. 

INCOMPATIBLE with alkalies, alkaloidal salts, tannic 
acid, salts of mercury (calomel), chloral hydrate, potas- 
sium chlorate, acids. 
Uses: Alterative, resolvent. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains (only in solution). 
Liquor lodi Compositus, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 

minims. 

Unguentum Potassii lodidi, U. S. (10 per cent.). 
Liquor Hydrargyri et Potassii lodidi, N. F. 

Potassii iodidi gr. Cl 10 



Hydrargyri chloridi corrosivi.. .gr. iss 



Aquae m. Cl 10 

Syrupi sarsaparillae comp. ad.fl. 3xxv 100 
M. et ft. sol. Sig. : 5 Cc., representing 0.5 Gm. (7% 
grs.) potassium iodide and about 0.003 Gm., (1/20 gr.) 
mercuric iodide. 

Saturated, or 100 per cent, solution, is prepared as 
follows : 

R. Potassii iodidi Si 32| 

Aqua? q. s. ad fl. gi 30| 

Ft. solutio. One drop contains about 1 grain KI. It 
should be taken diluted with essence of pepsin. 

POTASSII NITRAS Saltpeter. KN0 3 . 

Prisms or white crystalline powder, soluble in 3.6 
parts water. 

Uses: Antiseptic, diuretic, diaphoretic, refrigerant, 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains (largely diluted). 
POTASSII PERMANGANAS. 

Dark-purple colored prisms, soluble in 15 parts water. 
INCOMPATIBLE with organic substances; for pills 
should be triturated with kaolin and massed with pe- 
trolatum. 

Uses: Deodorant, disinfectant, emmenagogue ; anti- 
dote for morphine poisoning: aqueous solution, 1 Gin. 
(15 grs.) in 100 Cc. (25 fluidrama) water. 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain (pill form). 
POTASSII SULPHAS Potassium Sulphate K 2 SO 4 . 
Prisms or white powder, soluble in 9 parts water. 
Uses: Cathartic, diuretic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
POTASSII ET SODII TARTRAS Rochelle Salt. 

Transparent prisms, or white powder, soluble in 1.2 
parts water. 



124 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Uses: Refrigerant, saline cathartic. 
Dose: 8 Gin., or 120 grains. 

Puh-is Effervescens Compositus, U. S. (Seidlitz Pow- 
der). 

PRUNUM. Dried fruit of the Primus domestica. 

PRUNUS VIRGINIANA Wild Cherry. Bark of Prunus 

serotina. 

Uses: Tonic, cough sedative. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Pruni Virginians, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 
Syrupus Pruni Virginians, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 

Syrupus Pini Strobi Compositus, N. F. 
Vinum Pruni Virginians, N. F. 
Vinum Pruni Virginians Ferratum, N. F. 

PULVERES 1-OWDERS. 

Mixtures of medicinal substances, sometimes with a 
diluent, such as sugar of milk, triturated to an impalpa- 
ble powder. (See Triturationes.) Powders for internal 
administration are usually prescribed in some dosage 
form. For external application they are called dusting 
or insufflation powders. 

Divided in the prescribed doses, powders may be dis- 
pensed enwrapped in paper, enclosed in capsules, or 
formed into tablets, according to requirements and the 
direction of the prescriber, in either of the following 
forms : 

1. Pulrcrcs in ChnrlnUn Powders in Papers. Pow- 
ders or trituratlons accurately divided in doses, hi/ 
ircii/Jiin;/. enwrapped in paper. If deliquescent or vola- 
tile, parchment or paraffin paper should be used and the 
powder dispensed in air-tight containers. 

2. Pulvcres in C<i/i*nliM Anii/hiccis Powders in Starch 
Capsules. Cachets or Wafers'. Powders or trituratlons 
accurately divided. 7>y/ ircn/hlnn. and enclosed in capsules 
(or cachets) prepared from starch paste, pressed into 
concentric forms and dried the two forms composing 
the capsule (or cachet) to be very carefully sealed or 
cemented together. 

(Directions for taking: The capsule is immersed in 
water for a few seconds, then taken in the mouth and 
swallowed with a little water). 

3. Pulrerex in CV//y.s-//.s Gclatini Powders in Gelatin 
Capsules. Powders or trituratlons accurately divided, 
l>i/ ir<i<iiii)ui, and filled into hard capsules of gelatin. 
(If desirable., these may be used for oily liquids and 
the capsules be hermetically sealed.) 

4. Pulveres in Tablettis (Tnblcttcp Orales) Tablet 
Triturates. Triturations of medicinal substances with 
milk sugar as diluent, made into a paste with alcohol 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 125 

of greater or less strength, depending on the nature of 
the medicinal ingredient and formed into disks, usually 
not exceeding 0.1 Gm. (1% grains) in weight, by press- 
ing the mass into molds of hard rubber or suitable 
metal and exposing the moist disks to the air so that 
the alcohol may be completely volatilized spontaneously. 
Pulveres Effervescentes Effervescent Powders. 
Those are most conveniently and efficiently dispensed in 
the form of fine poirdcrs, because in this condition they 
can be made extemporaneously and with an assurance of 
their freshness and efficiency. Granular effervescent pow- 
ders require certain modifications of the formulas. Ef- 
fervescent powders are composed of the medicinal agent 
in admixture with an alkaline bicarbonate, an organic 
aeid and sugar. The proportion of the medicinal agent is 
dependent on its dose; that of the alkaline bicarbonate 
and of the organic acid is dependent on their molecular 
relation to each other; while the proportion of sugar is 
dependent on the quantity necessary as a sweetening 
agent and diluent. 

FORMULA A. FINE POWDER. 

Medicinal agent, in fine powder 50 parts 

Saccharated sodium bicarbonate (N. P.).. 475 parts 
Saccharated tartaric acid (N. F.) 475 parts 

FORMULA B. GRANULAR POWDER. 

Medicinal agent, in fine powder 50 parts 

Saccharated sodium bicarbonate (N. P.).. 475 parts 

Saccharated tartaric acid (N. P.) 237.5 parts 

Saccharated citric acid (N. F.) 237.5 parts 

From these general formulas effervescent powders or 
salts may easily be prepared so as to represent about 
0.3 Gm. (5 grs.) in a heaped teaspoonful 6 Gm. (90 
grs.). Hexamethylenamine and similar water-soluble 
substances whose taste is not objectionable may be thus 
prescribed : 

R. I'ulveris Hexamethylenaminse Effervescentis (N. P.) 
100 Gm. 

Sig. : One heaped teaspoonful in water. 
Pulvis Acaciae Compositus, N. F. (Pulv. Gummosus. 
Ger. Ph.). Mixture of acaciae, 50; glycyrrhiza?, 34; 
sacchari, 16 parts. 

PULVIS ACETANILIDI COMPOSITUS Compound 
Powder of Acetanilide. This was admitted to the 
U. S. P. (VIII) from the National Formulary in or- 
der to indicate the composition of the vast number 
of mixtures of acetanilide which as trade articles, 
"headache powders," etc., are of more or less secret 
composition : 

R. Acetanilidi gr. C 7 

( 'ii HVina- gr. xv 1 

Sodii bicarbonatis gr. xxx 2 

Misce et fiat pulvis; in chartulas divide numero . 



126 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 1% grains. 

CAUTION. Although stated in the U. S. P. the average 
dose, this dose is regarded as above the average and 
should be used with caution. (See Acetanilide.) 
Pulvis Aloes et Canellae, X. F. (Hiera Picra). Aloes 
purif., 80; canella, 20 parts. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Pulvis Amygdalae Compositus, N. F. Mixture of amyg- 
dalae dulcis, 60; sacchari, 30; acacise pulv., 10 parts. 
Uses: For preparing milk of almond: 10 Gm. (155 
grs.) triturated with water to make 100 Cc. (25 fldrs.) . 
Pulvis Anticatarrhalis, N. F. (Catarrh Snuff). Mix- 
ture of bismuthi subnitratis, 75 Gm.; acacia? pulv., 
25 Gm.; morphina? hydrochloridi. 0.41 Gm. 
Pulvis Antisepticus, N. F. (Soluble Antiseptic Powder). 
Mixture of phenolis (carbolic acid), eucalyptolis. 
mentholis, thymolis, ana, 0.1 per cent.; acidi sali- 
cylici, 0.5 per cent.; zinci sulphatis, 12.5 per cent.; 
acidi borici pulv., 86.6 per cent. 

Uses: Antiseptic; dusting powder, or in 5 per cent, 
solution. Similar in composition to various antiseptic 
powders of more or less secret character sold under 
trade names. 

PULVIS AROMATICUS. Mixture of: Saigon cinna- 
mon, 35; ginger, 35; cardamon, 15, and myristica, 

15 parts. 

Uses: Diluent to mask taste and odor of drugs; also 
as a corrective in purgative pills. (See Pil. Aloes et 
Mastiches). 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Aromaticum, U. S. A fluid form for 

liquid mixtures. 
Pulvis Catechu Compositus, N. F. (B. P.). Mixture of 

catchu (gambir), 40; kino, 20; krameriae, 20; cinna- 

momi, 10; myristica, 10 parts. 

Uses: Astringent, antidiarrheal. 

Dose: 1.3 Gm., or 20 grains. 
Pulvis Cretae Aromaticus, N. F. (B. P.). Mixture of 

cinnamomi, 8; croci, 6; myristicae, 6; caryophylli, 3; 

cardamomi, 2; cretse preparata?, 23; sacchari, 52 

parts. 

Uses: Antacid, carminative, antidiarrheal. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Pulvis Cretae Aromaticus cum Opio, N. F. (B. P.). 

Pulvis cretse aromaticus with 2.5 per cent, opii 

pulvis. 

Uses: Antacid, anodyne, antidiarrheal. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 127 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains, contains 0.02 Gm. (1/3 
gr. ) opium pulv. 

PULVIS CRETJE COMPOSITUS. Mixture of: Cretan 
preparatse, 30; acacise pulv., 20; sacchari pulv., 50 
parts, for preparing Mist ura Cretae, which see. 
PULVIS EFFERVESCENS COMPOSITUS. Seidlitz 

Powders. 

Pulvis Ferri et Quininae Citratis, Effervescens, X. F. 
Uses: Chalybeate, nerve tonic. 

Dose: 6 Gm., or 90 grains ( a heaped teaspoonful) , 
representing about 0.065 Gm. (1 gr.) soluble citrate of 
iron and quinine. 

Pulvis Ferri Phosphatis Effervescens, N. F. 
Uses: Chalybeate, hematinic. 

Dose: Cm., or 90 grains (a heaped teaspoonful), 
representing about 0.13 Gm. (2 gr. ) soluble ferric 
phosphate. 

PULVIS GLYCYRRHIZJE COMPOSITUS. Pectoral 
Powder. 

I. Sennae pulv gr. Ixxx 5 

Glycyrrhizsp pulv gr. C 6 



Sulphuris loti gr. xxxv 

Olei fceniculi. . . .m. ii 



M. 



Sacchari pulv gr. CCxl 15 

Dose: 4 Gm.. or 60 grains (in milk). 

Uses: Lenitive, laxative for children; in habitual 
constipation. 
Pulvis Hydrargyri Chloridi Mitis et Jalapae, X. F. 

Mixture of calomel, 1 part; jalap. 2 parts. 

Uses: Hydragogue cathartic. 

Dose: 0.65 Gm., or 10 grains. 
Pulvis lodoformi Compositus, N. F. Naphthalin lodo- 

form. Mixture of iodoformi, 20; acidi boric'i, 30; 

naphthalen, 50: olei bergamotti, 2.5 parts. 

Uses: Antiseptic. 
PULVIS IPECACUANHA ET OPII. Dover's Powder. 

Mixture of opii pulv., 1 grain (0.065) ; ipecac, pulv., 

1 grain (0.065) ; sacchari lacti. 8 grains (0.5). See 

Tinct Ipecacuanha- et Opii, U. S., for liquid form. 

Uses: Diaphoretic, anodyne, antispasmodic. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 
PULVIS JALAPS COMPOSITUS Compound Powder 

of Jalap. Mixture of jalapse pulv., 35; potassii bi- 

tartratis, 65 parts. 

Uses: Hydragogue cathartic. 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 



128 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Pulvis Kino Compositus, N. F. (B. P.). Mixture of 
kino, 75; cirmamomi, 20; opii pulv., 5 parts. 
Uses: Astringent, anodyne, antidiarrheal. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains, contains 0.05 Gm. (% 
gr.) opium pulv. 

PULVIS MORPHINE COMPOSITUS. Tully's Powder. 

IJ. Morphinse sulphatis gr. iiss 15 

Camphorae 

Glycyrrhizae pulv. 

Calcii carbonatis precipitati, aa 

partes spquales, ut fiant gr. cl 10 

Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains. 

Pulvis Myricae Compositus, N. F. (Composition Pow- 
der). Myricap, 60; zingiberis, 30; capsici, 5; caryo- 
phylli, 5 parts. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Pulvis Pancreaticus Compositus, N. F. Peptonizing 
Powder. Pancreatin (U. S. P.), 20; sodii bicarbon- 
atis, 80 parts. 

Of this mixture 1.5 Gm. (25 grains) will peptonize 
500 Cc. (1 pint) fresh cows mil-k by the following 
method: To the powder in 125 Cc. (4 fl. ozs.) tepid 
water contained in a flask, is added the milk previously 
warmed to 38 C. (104 F.), and the mixture maintained 
at this temperature for 30 minutes, then put. in a cold 
place ; it should not be used after being kept over 24 
hours. For preparation of "Humanized Milk" see Pulvis 
Pro Lacte Humanisato. 

Pulvis Pepsini Compositus. N. F. Pulvis Digestivus. 
Mixture of saccharated pepsin, 15; pancreatin, 15; 
diastase, 1; lactic acid, 1; hydrochloric acid, 2; 
sugar of milk, to 100 parts. 

Uses: Digestant, similar in composition to an ex- 
tensively employed trade article, which is, however, 
of doubtful therapeutic value. See Pancreatinum and 
Pepsinum. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Elixir Digestivum, N. F. 
Pulvis Potassii Bromidi Effervescens, N. F. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 
Dose: 6 Gm., or 90 grains (a heaped teaspoonf ul ), 
representing about 0.65 Gm. (10 grains) potassium 
bromide. 

Pulvis Potassii Bromidi Effervescens cum Caffeina, N. F. 
Uses: Cerebral sedative. 

Dose: 6 Gm., or 90 grains (a heaped teaspoonf ul ), 
representing about 0.65 Gm. (10 gr. ) potassium bro- 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 129 

x mide and 0.065 Gm. (1 gr.) caffeine. Similar to a 

Avell -known proprietary article. 

Pulvis Pro Lacte Humanisato, X. F. Milk Powder. 
(.'(impound pancreatic powder, 3.5; sugar of milk, 
96.5 parts. 

Uses: For preparing Lac Humanisatum. which see. 
PULVIS RHEI COMPOSITUS. Gregory's Powder. 
Mixture of: Rhei pulv., 40 grains (2.5 Gm.) ; mag- 
nesii oxidi. 100 grains (6.5 Gm.) ; zingiberis, 15 
grains (1 Gm.). 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Uses: Antacid, laxative (for children). 
Pulvis Rhei et Magnesias Anisatus, N. F. Compound 
Anise Powder. Rhei pulv.. 3.5 Gm. (55 grs.) ; mag- 
nesii oxidi pondero.sa, 6.5 Gm. (100 grs.) ; olei anisi, 
0.8 Cc. (12 minims). 
Uses: Antacid, carminative, laxative. 
Dose: For infants, 0.3 Gm., or 5 grains. 
Pulvis Salis Carolini Factitii Effervescens, X. F. Effer- 
vescent Artificial Carlsbad Salt. 
Uses: Purgative, refrigerant, diuretic. 
Dose: 6 Gm., or 90 grains (a heaped teaspoonful), 
in 200 Cc. (6 fl. oz. ) water, representing an equal 
volume of Carlsbad water (Sprudel). 
Pulvis Salis Kissingensis Factitii Effervescens, N'. F. 
Kil'ervescent artificial Kissingen Salt. 
Uses: Diuretic, purgative, refrigerant. 
Dose: 5.5 Gm., or 80 grains in 200 Cc. (6 fl. oz.) 
water, represents an ?qual volume Kissingen water 
(Rackoczi Spring). 

Pulvis Salis Vichyani Factitii Effervescens, X. F. Effer- 
vescent artificial Vichy Salt. 
Uses: Antilithic, diuretic, refrigerant. 
Dose: 3.75 Gm.. or 57 grains, in 200 Cc. (6 fi. oz.) 
water, representing equal volume Vichy water (Grand 
Grille Spring) . 

Pulvis S^lis Vichyani Factitii Effervescens cum Lithio, 
X. F. Ell'ervescent artificial Vichy Salt with 
Lithium. 

Uses: Antilithic. diuretic, refrigerant. 
Dose: 6 Gm., or 90 grains (a heaped teaspoonful), 
representing nearly 1 Cm. (14 grs.) artificial Vichy 
salt and 0.3 Gm. (5 grs.) lithium citrate. 
Pulvis Tal:i Salicylicus, X. F. Salicylated Talcum Pow- 
der. Salicylic acid, 3; boric acid, 10; talc pulv., to 
100 parts. 
Uses: Dusting powder. 



130 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

PYRETHRUM. Root of Anacyclus Pyrethrum. 

Dose: 2 Gm.. or 30 grains. 
Tinctura Pyrethri, U. S. 

PYROGALLOL Pyrogallic Acid. Triatomic Phenol ob- 
tained by heating gallic acid. 

Light white lamina, or fine needles, very soluble in 
water, alcohol and ether. 

Uses: Antiparasitic, externally only (caution). 
PYROXYLINUM. Soluble G unco tton. Chiefly tetrani- 

trate of cellulose; for preparing collodions. 
QUASSIA. Wood of Picrasma excelsa, or of Qua-<iu 
amara. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7y 2 grains. 
Fluidextractum Quassiae, U. S. Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 8 

minims. 
E'xtractum Quassiae, U. S. Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 

grain. 

Tinctura Quassia?, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
QUERCUS. Bark of Quercus alba. White Oak. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextractum Quercus. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
QUILLAJA. Bark of Quillaja Saponaria. 

Dose: Not given internally. 

Tinctura Quillajae, U. S. Fluidextractum, U. S. 
QUININA. Alkaloid from Cinchona. 

White, flaky micro-crystalline powder, practically in- 
soluble in water( as are most alkaloids), in 1,150 parts; 
readily soluble in alcohol (0.6), chloroform (1.9) and 
ether (4..">), which distinguishes it from the other alka- 
loids, cinchonine and cinchonidine. 

Uses: See . Quininae Sulphatis; chiefly in making 
preparations of quinine. 

Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Oleatum Quininae, U. S. (25 per cent.). 
Svrupus Hyposphosphitum Compositus, U. S. 
Glyceritum Ferri Quininae et Strychninae Phosphatum, 

U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
QUININAE BISULPHAS Acid Sulphate of Quinine. 

Whitish crystals, or small needles, soluble in 8.5 parts 
water. 18 parts alcohol, insoluble in ether. 

Owing to its solubility in water this salt is pre- 
ferred to the sulphate when administered in dry forms, 
that is, powder, capsule, cachets, etc. The ordinary sul- 
phate is converted into the bisulphate when diluted sul- 
phuric acid is used to effect its solution in water. 
Uses: See Quininap Sulphas. 
Dose: 0.-2f>0 (!m., or 4 Drains. 

QUININJE HYDROBROMIDUM (Quimmr TTydrobro- 
mas, U. S. '90). 

White, silky needh-s. soluble in 4o parts water, very 
soluble in alcohol (0.07), ether (10) and chloroform. 



AXD XATTOXAL FORMI'LAKY. 131 

Uses: Uniting the sedative properties of hydrobro- 
mic acid (which sec) to thoso of quinine, it is som<>- 
timos given the preference. 

Dose: 0.250 Gin., or 4 grains. 

QUININE HYDROCHLORIpUM (Quinine Ilydro- 
chloras, U. S. '90 ) .Quinine Hydrochloride. 

White, glistening needles, very soluble in water (18), 
alcohol (0.6), ether Ci40). chloroform (0.8). 
Uses: Similar to quinine sulphate. 
Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Elixir Ammonii Valerianatis et Quinine, N. F. 
Syrupus Hydrochlorophosphatum, X. F. 
QUININE SALICYLAS Quinine Salicylate. 

Colorless needles, soluble in 77 parts water. 11 parts 
alcohol, 110 parts ether. 37 parts chloroform. 
Uses: Combining the properties of salicylic acid 
with those of quinine, it is sometimes preferred in 
rheumatic and neuralgic affections. 

Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains, (in powder form, cap- 
sule, cachets), also in pill. 
QUININJE SULPHAS Quinine Sulphate. 

Silky, light glistening tufted crystals, or hard needles, 
containing 7 molecules of water crystallization, repre- 
senting nearly one-seventh its weight. Soluble in 720 
parts water, 86 parts alcohol, 400 parts chloroform, 38 
parts glycerin, very sparingly soluble in ether. 
Uses: Antiperiodic, bitter tonic, antiseptic, anti- 
pyretic, ecbolic. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Elixir Ferri, Quinine et Strychnin Phosphatum, U. S. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Elixir Ferri Pvrophosphatis, Quinine et Strychnine, 

N. F. 

Elixir Ferri, Quininse et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Quininae et Phosphatum Compositum, X. F. 
Elixir Quininae Valerianatis et Strychnine, X. F. 
Mistura Splenetica, X. F. 

Its solution in water is easily effected by addition of 
a little dilute sulphuric acid or aromatic sulphuric 
acid, which converts the sulphate into the very much 
more soluble bisulphate, which see. The intensely bitter 
taste is, however, thereby developed, hence it is prefer- 
able to prepare quinine sulphate in liquid form by sus- 
pending it in syrup glycyrrhlzae, elixir glycyrrhizse or 
elixir adjuvans, or the fluidextract glycyrrhiza may b^ 
added to other liquids desired. 

R. Quininae sulphatis grs. C. 65 

Fluidextracti glycyrrhizse fl. Sviii 30 

Elixir aromatici, q. s fl. 3xxv 100 

Misce. Sig. : Shake the vial before using. 

This contains 0.25 Gm. (4 grains) of quinine sul- 
phate in 4 Cc. (1 fluidram). 

If acid is added to this mixture to dissolve the 



132 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

quinine sulphate, the active principle of the glycyrrhiza 
(glycyrrhizin), which masks the bitter taste of the 
quinine, will he precipitated (because it is a glucoside 
and glucosides are precipitated by acids) and its power 
of masking the taste thus be destroyed: Quinine sul- 
phate is best administered as powder, capsule, wafer or 
cachets. It should not be massed or formed into pills 
owing to its insolubility, except when associated with 
tonics and other agents : extract mix vomica. reduced 
iron, arsenic, etc.. see Pilulse Metallorum. N. F.. intended 
for slow disintegration in the intestinal tract. 

In the following mixture the Meta-phosphoric acid 
should he used to prevent precipitation : 

R. Quininae sulphatis gr. Ix 4 

Ferri pyrophosphatis gr. Ixxx 

Acidi phosphoric} diluti fl. Siv l." 

Elixir aromatic! q. s. ad fl. 3xxv 100 

M. et ft. sol. Sig. 5 Cc. 

RESINA Rosin. From Oleoresin Turpentine. 
RESINA JALAPJE. Active principle of Jalap. 
Uses: Hydragogue cathartic. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains (in pill). 
Pilulae Catharticae Composite (et Vegetables) , U. S. 
RESINA PODOPHYLLI Podophyllin. Active principle 
of Podophyllum. 

Uses: Laxative, hydragogue cathartic. 
Dose: Purgative. 0.015 Gm., equal to 15 mg., or V 4 
grain; laxative, 0.005 Gm., equal to 5 mg., or 1/10 
grain. 

Pilulae Cathartic Vegetables, U. S. 
Pilulae Podophylli, Belladonna et Capsici, U. S. 
Pilulas Aloes et Podophylli Composite, X. F. 
Pilulae Aloini Compositae. N. F. 
Pilulae Colocynthidis et Podophylli, X. F. 
Pilulae Laxativae post partem. X', F. 
Pilnla? Triplices, N. F. 

RESINA SCAMMONII. Active principle of Scammony. 
Uses: Drastic purgative. 
Dose: 0.2 Gm., or 3 grains. 
Kxtractum Colocynthidis Compositum, U. S. 
RESORCINOL ("Resorcin, U. S. '90). A Diatomic 
Phenol. Metadihydroxy-Benzene. 

Crystals, acquiring a pinkish tint, very soluble in 
writer (0..") alcohol and other. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antizymotic, antipyretic. The 
most water-soluble of all the coal-tar derivatives; 
valuable antiseptic, but should be used with caution. 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains; externally in 1 per 
cent, to 5 per cent, solution. 
Vno-uenlum Ivesorcini Compositum, X. F. 
RHAMNUS PURSHIANA Cascara Sagrada. Bark of 
Rhamnus Purshiana. 






AND XATTOXAL FORMULARY. 133 

Uses: Laxative (habitual constipation). 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextraetum Rhamni Purshianrv, I*. S. Dose: 1 

( '('.. or 15 minims. 
Extract mil Khainni Pursliiana', U. S. Dose: 0.25 

Gm., or 4 grains. 
Elixir Rhamni Purshiana>. X. F. 
Elixir Rhamni Purshian&e Oompositum, X. F. 

By treatment with alkalies the bitter taste ia 
greatly lessened in the following preparations: 
Fluidextraetum Rhamni Purshiana? Aromaticum. T. S. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 

Fluidextractum Rhamni Purshianre Alkalinnm, X. F. 
RHEUM. Rhizome of Rheum officinale. 

Uses: Cathartic, bitter tonic, stomachic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Rhei, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Fluidextraetum Rhei, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Extraction Rhei, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Tinctura Rhei Aromatica, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Syrupus Rhei, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Syrupus Rhei Aromaticus, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 
iMisturu Rhei et Sodre, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 
Pulvis Rhei Compositus, U. S. Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 

grains. 

Pilulae Rhei Composite, U. S. 
Elixir Rhei et Magnesii Acetatis, X. F. 
Elixir Rhei, N. F. 
Tinctura Rhei Aquosa, N. F. 
Tinctura Rhei et Gentians. X. F. 
Mistura Rhei Comp., X. F. 
Tinctura Rhei Vinosa, X. F. 
Syrupus Rhei et Potassa? Compositns, X. F. 
Pulvis Rhei et jMagnesia' Anisatus. X. F. 
RHUS GLABRA. Fruit of Rhus glabra. 

Uses: Astringent, refrigerant (gargle). 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidi'xtractum Rhois Glabrse, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 

15 minims. 

ROSA GALLICA. Petals of Rosa gallica. 
Confectio Rosae, U. S. 
Fluidextraetum Rosiv, U. S. 
Aid Kosrp, U. S. 
RUBUS. Bark of rhizome Rubus villosns. 

Uses: Astringent . tonic. 



134 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextfactum Rubi, V. 8. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Syrupus Huhi. U. S. Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
('ordiale Rubi Fruetus, N. F. 
Syrupus Rubi Idea?, N. F. 

SABAL. Fruit or Serenoa serrulata. "Saw Palmetto." 
Uses: Apbrodisiac, diuretic, bronchial sedative. 
Dose: 1 Gin., or 15 grains. 

Fluidextractum Sabal, U. S. 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
SABINA. Tops of Juniperus Sabina. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm.. or 7 l / 2 grains. 
Fluidextractum Sabina 1 , "U. S. Dose: 0.3 Cc., or 5 

minims. 

SACCHARUM Sugar ( sucrose ) . 
SACCHARUM LACTIS Sugar of Milk (lactose). 
SAFROLUM Safrol. Principle obtained from Sassa- 
fras Oil, etc. 

SALES SALTS. 

(See also Pulveres Effervescentes. ) 
Sal Carolinum Factitium, X. F. Carlsbad Salt. 

1. Dry amorphous form (Ph. Ger.), containing in 100 
parts : Potassium sulphate '2, sodium chloride 18, so- 
dium bicarbonate 36, sodium sulphate (dried) 44 pans. 

2. In crystalline form, the same salts practically in 
the same proportions. 

Uses: An agreeable laxative cathartic of uniform 
composition ; it should be given preference over the 
many trade articles of more or less secret formulae 
and exaggerated virtues. 

Dose: A solution of about 1 Gm. (16 grs.) of the 
dry or about 1.75 Gm. (27 grs.) of the crystalline salt 
in 200 Cc. (or 6 fl. oz.) of water represents an equal 
volume of Carlsbad water (Sprudel), in its essential 
constituent*. 
Sal Kissingense Factitium, N. F. Kissengen Salt. 

Powder composed of potassium chloride, 17; sodium 

chloride, 357; magnesium sulphate (anhydrous), 

59; sodium bicarbonate, 107 parts. 

Dose: A solution of about 1.5 Gm. (24 grs.) in 

about 200 Cc. (or 6 fl. oz. ) of water represents an 

equal volume of Kissingen water (Rakoczi Spring), in 

its essential constituents. 

Sal Vichyanum Factitium, N. F. Vichy Salt. Powder 

composed of sodium bicarbonate, 846; magnesium 

sulphate (anhydrous), potassium carbonate, each 

38.5; sodium chloride, 77 parts. 

Dose: A solution of about 1 Gm. (14 grs.) in 200 
Co. (or 6 fl. oz.) of water, represents an equal volume 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 135 

Vichy water (Grand Grille Spring), in its essential 
constituents. 
SALICINUM. Glucoside from Salix and Populus. 

Crystalline needles, prisms or crystalline powder, sol- 
uble in 27 parts water, 71 parts alcohol, insoluble in 
ether and chloroform. 

Uses: Antirheumatic, bitter tonic, antiperiodic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (powder form, capsule, 
cachets) . 

In a-cute or subacute rheumatism when salicylic acid 
and salicylates disturb digestion: 
R. Salicini 

Sodii bicarbonatis. au Si 32| 

M. Divide in cachetas No. xxv. Sig. : one cachet every 
six hours. 

SALVIA. Leaves of Salvia officinalis. 
SANGUIN ARIA. Rhizome of Sanguinaria canadensis. 
Uses: Expectorant, emetic, errhine. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 
Fluidextractum Sanguinariae, U. S. Dose: 0.1 Cc., 

or ly 2 minims. 
Tinctura Sanguinariae, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 

Syrupus Sanguinaritp. X. F. 
Syrupus Pini Strobi Compositus. X. F. 
SANTALUM RUBRUM. Wood of Pterocarpus santal- 

inus. 

SANTONICA. Flower heads of Artemisia pauciflora. 
SANTONINUM Santonin. Principle of Santonica. 

Flattened rhombic prisms, practically insoluble in 
water, soluble in alcohol (34), ether (78), chloroform 
(2.5). 

Uses: Anthelmintic, emmenagogue, tonic. Usu- 
ally combined with an equal weight of calomel: 
1$. Santonini 

Hydrarg. chlor. mitis, ua....gr. viiss 

Sacchari lactis gr. xv 1 

M. et ft. pulv. div. chart. Xo. x. 
Dose: 0.065 Gm.. or 1 grain. 

Trochisci Santonini, U. S. Each 0.03 Gr. (or % gr.). 
SAPO. Soap of Olive Oil and Soda. Castile Soap. 
SAPO MOLLl'S Soft Soap (Sapo Viridis) . Soap of 
Linseed Oil and Potassa. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipruritic, parasiticide; in der- 
matologic. surgical and gynecologic practice. 
Linimeiitum Saponis MollK I'. S. >."> p-r '-<'nt.). 
Tinctura Saponi- 1 N'iridis C'omposita. X. F. 
SARSAPARILLA. Root of Smilax species. 
Uses: Alterative, tonic. 



136 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Sarsaparillae, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Sarsaparilla? Compositum, U. S. 

Dose: 2 Cc. 

Syrupus Sarsaparilla? Compositus, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc. 
SASSAFRAS. Root-bark of Sassafras variifoliura. 
SASSAFRAS MEDULLA. Sassafras pith. 
Mucilago Sassafras Medulla?, U. S. 

Uses: As a A'ehicle for colly ria. 
SCAMMONIUM. Gum resin from Convolvulus . Scam- 

monia. 

Resina Scammonii, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Gm., or 3 grains. 
SCILLA Squill. Bulb Urginea maritima. 

Uses: Expectorant, emetic, diuretic. 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 

Acetum Scillse, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Syrupus Scillae, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Syrupus Scillae Compositus, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
Fluidextractum Scillae, U. S. Dose: 0.1 Cc., or iy s 

minims. 

Mistura Pectoralis, Stokes, N. F. 
Syrupus Chondri Compositus, N. F. 
SCOPARIUS. Tops of Cytisus Scoparius (Broom). 

Uses: Diuretic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Scoparii, N. F. 
SCOPOLA. Rhizome of Scopola Carniolica. (Japanese 

Belladonna Root). 

Uses: Similar to belladonna. 

Dose: 0.045 Gm., equal to 45 ing., or % grain. 
Fluidextractum Scopola-, U. S. Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 

minim. 
Extractum Scopol.ne, U. S. Dose: 0.01 Gm., or 1/6 

grain. 
SCOPOLAMINJE HYDROBROMIDUM. Hydrobromide 

of alkaloid from Scopola. 

Uses: Similar to atropine, which see. 

Dose: 0.0005 Gm., equal to 0.5 me:., or 1/128 grain. 
SCUTELLARIA. riant of Scutellaria lateriilora. 

Uses: Nerve sedative, antispasmodic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Scutellaria 7 ', U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 

15 minims. 
SENEGA. Root of Polygala Senega. 

Uses: Expectorant, alterative, diuretic. 

Dose: 1 Cm., or 15 grains. 



AXD XATIOXAL FORMULARY. 137 

Fluidextractum Senegae, U. S. Dose: 1 Co., or 15 

minims. 

Syrupus Senegap, U. S. Dose 4 Co.. or 1 fluidram. 
Syrupus Scillse Compositus, U. S. Do.sc: -2 Cc., or ."0 

minims. 

Mistura Pectoralis, Stokes, X. F. 
Syrupus Actaoafi Compositus, N. F. 
Syrupus Chondri Compositus, N. F. 
Syrupus Morphine Compositus, X. F. 
SENNA. Leaflets of Cassia aeutifolia and Cassia angus- 
tifolia. 

Uses: Cathartic (deresinized by alcohol to prevent 
"griping") . 

Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains. 
Fluidextractum Sennae, U. S. Dose: 2 Co., or 30 

minims. 

Syrupus Sennae, U. S. Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram. 
Infusum Sennae Compositum. 
Pulvis Glycyrrhizae Compositus, U. S. Dose: 4 Gm., 

or 60 grains. 

Confectio Sennse, U. S. Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains. 
Syrupus Sennae Aromaticus, N. F. 
Syrupus Sennae Compositus, X. F. 
SERPENT ARIA. Roots of Aristolochia Serpentaria. 

Uses: Ingredient in Tinctura Cinchonas Composita. 
Fluidextractum Serpentariae, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 

15 minims. 

SERUM ANTIDIPHTHERICUM Antidiptheric Serum- 
Diphtheria Antitoxin. 

Fluid separated from the coagulated Blood of the 
Horse immunized through the inoculation of diphther- 
itic toxin. 

For a child over two years of age with laryngeal 
stenosis, and in other severe cases 1500 to 2000 units 
hypodermically into subcutaneous tissues of back ; repeat 
in twenty-four hours if not improved, and again at same 
interval if required. In severe cases under two years 
old, 1000 units as initial dose. Local and constitutional 
treatment should be employed as adjuncts. As prophyl- 
actic employ T>00 units of the antitoxin. 
SEVUM PR^PARATUM. Prepared Sheep Suet. 
SINAPIS ALBA. Seed of Sinapis alba. 
SINAPIS NIGRA. Seed of Brassica nigra. 
Charta Sinapis, U. S. 

SODIUM NATRIUM Na. 

The alkali metal Sodium forms the greatest number of 
oflicial compounds of any element. The series of com- 
pounds or salts are analogous to those ot' the other alkali 
metals, potassium, lithium and ammonium. Like these, 



138 MA VITAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

the sodium compounds are all very soluble in water, 
the borate (borax) is the least soluble, requiring 20 
parts water for solution, thougn none are deliquescent, 
They are, as a rule, insoluble in alcohol and other 
liquids, except that the bromide, iodide and salicylate 
are fairly soluble in alcohol. The alkalies are repre- 
sented by the hydroxide, carbonate and bicarbonate, 
their relative strength being in the order named. 
Soda cum Calce, N. F. London Paste. A paste of equal 

parts of Sodium Hydroxide and Lime. 

Uses: Escharotic. 
SODII ACETAS Sodium Acetate. 

Transparent prisms or granular crystalline powder, 

soluble in 1 part water in 23 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Diuretic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
SODII ARSENAS Sodium Arsenate. 
SODII ARSENAS EXSICCATUS. Dried or exsiccated 

Sodium Arsenate. Sodium arsenate deprived of its 

water of crystallization, therefore, nearly twice as 

strong as the arsenate. 

Uses: Alterative, antiperiodic. 

Dose: 0.003 Gm., equal to 3 mg., or 1/20 grain. 
Liquor Sodii Arsenatis, U. S. Dose: 0.2 Cc., or 3 

minims. 

Liquor Sodii Arsenatis, Pearson, N. F. 
SODII BENZOAS Sodium Benzoate. 

White amorphous, or granular, crystalline powder, 

soluble in 1.6 parts water, in 43 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipyretic, antirheumatic. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus. X. F. 
SODII BICARBONAS Acid Sodium Carbonate Baking 

Soda. NaHCO,. 

White powder, soluble in 12 parts water, decomposed 
in boiling water. 

Uses: Antacid, alterative, antipruritic. The most 
convenient alkali base to form extemporaneous!}', salts 
with the organic acids as illustrated in the following: 
100 parts sodium bicarbonate require for saturation or 
neutralization in 25 fluidrams (100 Cc.) water, the 
stated number of parts of these respective acids and 
produce the parts named of the respective salts: 
Acid Benzoic, parts 144 = Sodium Benzoate 170 parts. 

Acid Citric, parts 83 = Sodium Citrate 140 parts. 
Acid Salicylic, parts 162.5 = Sodium Salicylate 188.5 

parts. 

Acid Tartaric, parts 88.8 = Sodium Tartrate 135.5 part*. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 



AND NATIONAL FOKMULA11Y. 139 

Trochisci Sodii Bicarbonatis, U. S. 
Mistura Sodae et Menthae, X. F. 

Sodii Bicarbonas Saccharatus, X. F. For the extem- 
poraneous preparation of effervescent powders. 
SODII BISULPHIS Acid Sodium Sulphite XaHS0 3 . 
SODII BORAS Borax. 

Transparent prisms, or white powder, soluble in 20 
parts water, in 1 part glycerin ; the solution in glycerin 
reacts and forms boroglyceride with evolution of gas. 
Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, detergent. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or I 1 /, grains. 
Liquor Sodii Boratis Compositus, X. F. 
Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus, X. F. 
Sodii Boro-Benzoas, X. F. 

Antiseptic Astringent Powder for vaginal injection is 
prepared as follows : 

R. Sodii boratis Sii Go 

Aluminis exsiccati 3x 40 

Thymolis 
Phenol is 
Eucalyptolls 

Olei gaultheria?, aa gr. viii 

M. Sig. : A heaping teaspoonful to be dissolved in 
one liter (1 quart) of hot water to be used as a douche. 
^Yhen it is desired to use sodium borate with boric 
acid the following will be found satisfactory: 

R. Acidi borici gr. xv 1 

Sodii boratis gr. xxx 2 

Aquffi dest. . 

Aquae camphorae, a a 3iss 50 

M. et ft. sol. Sig. : For instillation in the eye. 
Sodii Boro-Benzoas, X. F. Sodium Boro-Benzoate. A 
mixture of sodium borate, 3; sodium benzoate, 4 
parts. 

Dose: 2 Gm. or 30 grains. 
SODII BROMIDUM Sodium Bromide XaBr. 

Cubical crystals, or white granular powder, soluble in 
1.7 parts water, in 12.5 parts alcohol. 
Uses: Xerve sedative, cerebral depressant. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Elixir Sodii Bromidi, X. F. 
Syrupus Bromidorum, X. F. 

SODII CARBONAS MONOHYDRATUS Sodium Car- 
bonate containing only one molecule water of 
crystallization and, therefore, nearly twice as strong 
as the ordinary carbonate. 
SODII CHLORAS Sodium Chlorate. 

Crystals or crystalline powder, soluble in 1 part water. 
('ATTIOX. Dangerously explosive if carelessly handled 

or brought in contact with organic or easily oxidi/able 
substances, sugar, sulphur, antimony sulphide, etc. 



140 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Uses: Antiseptic, similar to potassium chlorate, 
over which it has the advantage of greater solubility 
in water. 

Dose: 0.25 Cm., or 4 grains. 
SODII CHLORIDUM Salt NaCl. 

Soluble in 2.8 parts water, in 25 parts boiling water. 

Uses: For preparing Physiologic Salt Solution; the 

so-called Normal Salt Solution, 9 Gm., to 1,000 Cc. 

sterile water, not to be confused with the chemical 

normal solution of XaCl. 

Dose: As emetic, 16 Gm., or 240 grains. 
SODII CITRAS Sodium Citrate. 

White, granular powder, soluble in 1.1 parts water in 
0.4 parts boiling water, slightly soluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Antilithic, diuretic, refrigerant. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Liquor Sodii Citratis, N. F. 

Liquor Sodii Citro-Tartratis Effervescens, N. F. 
SODII HYDROXIDUM (Soda, U. S. '90). Caustic 
Soda NaOH. 

In mass or pencils, very deliquescent, very caustic, 
should be handled with care and only after lubricating 
with Petrolatum. 

Poison. Antidote for "Concentrated Lye:" Bland 
fixed oil, soap solution, mustard emetic. 
Liquor Sodii Hydroxidi, (Sodae, U. S. '90). 5 per cent. 
Soda cum Calde (London Paste), X. F. 
SODII HYPOPHOSPHIS Sodium Hypophosphite. 

Small plates, or white granular powder, very deliques- 
cent, soluble in 1 part water. 

Uses: Similar to other hypophosphites. See Cal- 
cium. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Syrupus 11 ypophosphitum, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 

fluidrams. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum Compositus, U. S. Dose: S 

Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Syrupus Calcii et Sodii Hypophosphitum, X. F. 
Syrupus Sodii Hypophosphitis, X. F. 
Liquor Hypophosphitum, X. F. 
Liquor Hypophosphitum Compositus, X. F. 
Elixir Sodii Hypophosphitis, X. F. 
SODII IODIDUM Sodium Iodide Xal. 

Crystals or white crystalline powder, soluble in 0.5 
parts water, in 3 parts alcohol. 

Uses: Similar to other alkali Iodides. See Potas- 
sium Iodide. 

Dose: 0.5 Gm., or 7% grains (in elixir). 
SODII NITRAS Chili Saltpeter XaX0 3 . 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 141 

SODII NITRIS NaN0 2 . Chiefly as reagent. 
SODII PHENOLSULPHONAS (Sodii Sulphocarbolas, 
'90) . Sodium Para-phenol-sulphonate. 

Colorless prisms, soluble in 4.8 parts water. 
Uses: Antiseptic, antizymotic, disinfectant; inter- 
nally in powder form; externally in y 2 to 1 per cent, 
solution. 

Dose: 0.25 Gm., or 4 grains. 
SODII PHOSPHAS Di-sodium-ortho-phosphate. 

Colorless prisms, or granular crystalline salt, soluble 
in 5.5 parts water, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Antilithic, cholagogue, laxative. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Liquor Sodii Phosphatis Compositus, U. S. Dose: 8 

Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
SODII PHOSPHAS EFFERVESCENS. 

Granular effervescent salt, containing about 20 per 
cent, dried sodium phosphate. 
Dose: 8 Gm., or 120 grains. 
SODII PHOSPHAS EXSICCATUS (Exsiccated or dried). 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

SODII PYROPHOSPHAS. Not used medicinally. 
SODII SALICYLAS Sodium Salicylate. 

White microcrystalline or amorphous powder, soluble 
in 0.8 parts water, in 5.5 parts alcohol, also soluble in 
glycerin. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antirheumatic, antineuralgic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Elixir Sodii Salicylatis, N. F. 
For rheumatism: 
R. Sodii salicylatis 

Potassii bicarbonatis. aa 3iv 16 

Aquae menths piperita?, q. s. ad. . . ,3xxv 100 
M. fiat solutio. Sig. : Teaspoonful in water after 
meals. 

SODII SULPHAS Sodium Sulphate. Glauber Salt. 
SODII SULPHIS Sodium Sulphite. 
SODII THIOSULPHAS (Sodii Hyposulphis '90). 

Chiefly as reagent and in photography. 
BPARTEIN^E SULPHAS. Sulphate of alkaloid from 
Scoparius (Spartium). 

Colorless crystals, or crystalline powder, soluble in 
1.1 parts water, in 2.4 parts alcohol. 
Uses: Cardiac stimulant, diuretic. 
Dose: 0.010 Gm., equal to 10 mg., or 1/5 grain 
(granules) . 
The following combination is suggested : 

R. Sparteinsp sulphatis gr. x [6 

Sacchari lactis 3i 4| 

. Alcohol q. s. flant tabelhp triturationes No. 50. Sig. : 
One to two tablets three times a day after meals. 



142 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Species Emolliente,s, X. F. Emollient Cataplasm (Ph. 

Ger.). 

Species Laxantes, X. F. St. Cennain Tea (Ph. Or.). 
Species Pectorales, X. F. Breast Tea (Ph. Ger.). 
SPIGELIA. Rhizome of Spigelia marilandica. 
Uses: Anthelmintic, vermifuge. 
Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains. 

Fluidextractum Spigelise, U. S. Dose: 4 Co.. or 1 
fluidram; usually in form of syrup of spigelia and 
senna : 
I. Fluidextraet. senna' I 

Fluidextraet. spigelia, fifi 3i 5 

Syrupi q. s. ad 3viii 30| 

SPIRITUS SPIRITS. 

Alcoholic solutions of volatile substances. A number 
of the spirits are solutions of volatile oils and are used 
chiefly as flavors, adjuvants, aromatic stimulants and 
stomachic tonics. Of these (except Spiritus Amygdalae 
Amara>). the dosage is 2 Co., or 30 minims. 
Spiritus Acidi Formici, X. F. 
SPIRITUS -ffiTHERIS. Ether, 32.5 Cc. in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Analgesic, antispasmodic, stimulant. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

SPIRITUS JETHERIS COMPOSITUS. Hoffmann's Ano- 
dyne. Spirit of ether containing 2.5 Cc. ethereal 

oil in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Stimulant, antispasmodic, analgesic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
SPIRITUS ^ETHERIS NITROSI Spirit Nitrous Ether. 

Containing not less than 4 per cent, ethyl nitrite. 

Uses: Diuretic, diaphoretic, antispasmodic. 

INCOMPATIBLE. Antpyrine, acetanilide, morphine, 

potassium iodide. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
^Ylistura Glycyrrhiza? Composita, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., 

or 2 fluidrams. 

SPIRITUS AMMONIA. Containing 10 per cent. NIL. 
SPIRITUS AMMONITE AROMATICUS. Solution of 

ammonium compounds with aromatics of lemon, 

lavender and nutmeg. 

Uses: Stimulant, antispasmodic, carminative. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims (always diluted). 
Alistura Soda- et Menthae, X. F. 

SPIRITUS AMYGDALAE AMAR^. Oil of bitter al- 
mond., 1 in 100 ('(. 

SPIRITUS ANISL Oil ;>nise, 10 in 100 Cc. 
Spiritus Aromaticus, X. F. 



AXD XATTOXAL FORMULARY. 143 

SPIRITUS AURANTII COMPOSITUS. -- Flavoring 

agent. 

SPIRITUS CAMPHOR^. Camphor 10 in 100 Cc. 
Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, stimulant. 
Dose: 1 Co., or 15 minims. 
Spiritus Cardamom! Compositus, X. F. 
SPIRITUS CHLOROFORM!. Chloroform, 6 Cc. in 100 
Cc. 

Uses: Anodyne, analgesic, sedative. Valuable as 
addition to vehicle in liquid mixtures, cough mixtures, 
etc. 

Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims. 
SPIRITUS CINNAMOMI. Oil of Cinnamon, 10 in 100 

Cc. 

Spiritus Curassao, X. F. 
SPIRITUS FRUMENTI Whisky. Alcohol, 44 to 55 

per cent, by volume. 
SPIRITUS GAULTHERIJE. Oil of Gaultheria, 5 in 100 

Cc. 

SPIRITUS GLYCERYLIS NITRATIS (Spirit Glonoini, 
'90). Spirit of Glyceryl Tiinitrate. Spirit of Xitro- 
glycerin. 

Alcoholic solution containing 1 per cent, by weight 
of glyceryl trinitrate. 

CATTIOX. In handling, liable to violently explode if 
alcohol is lost by evaporation. If spilled by accident 
use solution of potassa. 

Uses: To control spasm and paroxysmal pain and 
to lessen arterial tension in angina pectoris, syncope, 
asthma, epilepsy. 

Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 minim (in solution in glycerin), 
or Pilulae Glonoini, N. F. 
In arterial athercrma with dilated or weak heart: 

R. Spiritus glycerylis nitratis m. xxiv 1|6 

Tincturse digitalis fl. 3ii 81 

Tr. gentianae compositae, q. s. ad..3xxv 100 1 
M. Sig. : Teaspoonful in water every six hours. 
SPIRITUS JUNIPERI. Oil of Juniper, 5 in 100 Cc. 
SPIRITUS JUNIPERI COMPOSITUS. 
SPIRITUS LAVANDUUE. Oil of lavender, 5 in 100 Cc. 
SPIRITUS MENTHA PIPERITJE. Oil of peppermint, 

10 in 100 Cc. 

SPIRITUS MENTHJE VIRIDIS. Oil of spearmint, 10 

in 100 Cc. 

Spiritus Olei Volatilis, X. F. 
Spiritus Ophthalmicus, X. F. Alcoholic Eye Wash. 

011 lavender. 2; oil rosemary, 6; alcohol to 100 Cc, 



144 MAXFAI OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Spiritus Phosphor!, N. F. Tincture of Phosphorus. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc. (or 8 minims), represents about O.OOOG 
Gm., or 1/100 grain phosphorus. 
Spiritus Saponatus, N. F. Spirit of Soap. 
Spiritus Sinapis, N. F. Volatile Oil of Mustard, 2 per 

cent. 
SPIRITUS VINI GALLICI Brandy. Alcohol, 46 to 55 

per cent, volume. 

Spongia Compressa, N. F. Sponge Tent. 
Spongia Decolorata, N. F. 
STAPHISAGRIA. Seed of Delphinium Staphisagria. 

Uses: Alterative, antiparasitic; the tincture (10 
per cent.) externally. 

Dose: 0.065 Gm., or 1 grain. 

Fluidextractum Staphisagrise, U. S. Dose: 0:06 Gm., 
or 1 minim. 

STILI DILUBILES PASTE PENCILS. 

("Unna Pencils.") 

Pencils for the direct application of medicinal agents 
to the skin, suggested by Dr. Unna, and used in modern 
dermatologic practice. The medicinal agent is incorpo- 
rated with a paste consisting of starch, dextrin, traga- 
canth and sugar, with sufficient water to form a plastic 
mass. This is rolled into cylinders of about 5 mm. 1/5 
inch) diameter, which are cut into sections, 5 cm. (2 
inches) long, dried on parchment paper at room tempera- 
ture, and wrapped in tin-foil. The following serve as 
Stilus Acidi Salicylici Dilubilis, N. F. 10 per cent. 

Salicylic acid pencil, 10 per cent. 
Stilus Cocainas Dilubilis, N. F. 5 per cent. Cocaine 

pencil, 5 per cent. 

STILLINGIA. Root of Stillingia sylvatica. 
Uses Alterative, resolvent. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Stillingise, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

Fluidextractum Stillingise Compositum, N. F. 
Syrupus Stillingise Compositus, N. F. 
Elixir Stillingia; Compositum, N. F. 

STRAMONIUM (Folia, '90). Leaves of Datura Stra- 
monium; 0.25 per cent, alkaloids. 
Uses: Anodyne, analgesic, antispasmodic. 
Dose: 0:065 Gm., or 1 grain. 
Fluidextrnctum Stramonii, U. S. Dose: 0.05 Cc., or 1 

minim. 

Extractum Stramonii, U. S. Dose 0.01 Gm., or 1/5 
grain. 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULAKY. 145 

Tinctura Stramonii, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
Unguentum Stramonii, U. S. (10 per cent, extract). 
STRONTII BROMIDUM Strontium Bromide. 

Hexagonal crystals, very deliquescent, very soluble in 
water and in alcohol. 

Uses: Xerve sedative. gastric tonic, antincphritic, 
Dose: 1 Cm., or 15 grains (elixir). 
STRONTII IODIDUM Strontium Iodide. 

Hexagonal plates, very soluble in water and in alcohoi 
Uses: Alterative, similar to other iodides. 
Dose: 0.5 Gm., or T'-j grains (elixir). 
STRONTII SALIC YL AS Strontium Salicylate. 

White crystalline nowder. soluble in 18 parts water, in 
<;<> parts alcohol. 

Uses: Antirheumatic, intestinal antiseptic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains (powder form). 
STROPHANTHINUM. Glucoside from Strophanthus. 

Yellowish-white crystalline powder, very soluble In 
water and in dilute alcohol, less soluble in alcohol and 
insoluble in ether or chloroform. 
Uses: Cardiac tonic, vasoconstrictor. 
Dose: 0.0003 Gin., equal to 0.3 mg., or 1/200 grain 
(in tablet-triturate) . 

STROPHANTHUS. Seed of Strophanthus Komlx'. 
Uses: Cardiac tonic, vasoconstrictor. 
Dose: 0.0(i."> Cm., or 1 grain. 
Tinctura Strophanthi, {'. S. (10 per cent. U. S. 

VIII). Dose: 0.5 C'c.. or 8 minims. 
STRYCHNIN A. Alkaloid from Xux Voinica. 

Prismatic crystals or white crystalline powder, soluble 
in 64!!) parts waier. 110 parts alcohol, in G parts chloro- 
form, in !.")() parts benzene, in 180 parts amylic alcohol, 
in ."MX) parts ether. 

INCOMPATIBLE with alkalies, alkaline carbonates, ben- 
zoates. bromides, iodides, salicylates, mercuric chloride, 
tannic acid. 
Uses: Bitter tonic, stomachic, cardiac stimulant, 

nervine, excito-motor. 

Poison. Antidote: Tannic acid, emetic, chloral hy- 
drate, chloroform, apomorphine. 

Dose: 0.001 (Urn., equal to 1 mg., or 1/64 grain. 

Liquor Strychnimr Acetati>. X. F. 

Piluhe Laxative Composite, U. S. 

Pilulae Aloini, Strychnine et Belladonnae, N. F. 

Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae et Belladonnas Composite, 
N. F. 

Pilulae Antidyspeptica?, N, F. 

Pilulae Antineuralgica?, N. F. 

Pilula? Metallorum. X, F, 



14C \TANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

STRYCHNINE NITRAS Strychnine Nitrate. 

Colorless glistening needles, soluble in 42 parts water, 
120 parts alcohol, 156 parts chloroform, 60 parts 
glycerin. 

Uses: Mostly used in dipsomania. 
Dose: 0.001 Gm., equal to 1 mg., or 1/64 grain. 
STRYCHNINE SULPHAS Strychnine Sulphate. 

White crystals, or white crystalline powder, soluble in 
31 parts water, 65 parts alcohol, 325 parts chloroform. 
Uses: See Strychnina. Largely used hypodermi- 
cally. 

Dose: 0.001 Gm., equal to 1 mg., or 1/64 grain. 
Elixir Ferri, Quinines et Strychnine Phosphatum, U. S. 
Syrupus Hypophosphitum Compositus, U. S. 
Elixir Cinchone Ferri Bismuthi et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Cinchonae et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Cinchone Pepsini et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Ferri Pyrophosphatis, Quinine et Strychnine, 

N. F. 

Elixir Ferri Quinine et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Pepsini, Bismuthi et Strychnine, N. F. 
Elixir Quinine Valerianatis ct Strychnine, X. F. 
Elixir Strychnine Valerianatis, N. F. 
Syrupus Hydrochlorophosphatum, N. F. 
In paralysis of central origin after subsidence of acute 
inflammation: 

R. Strychninse sulphatis gr. ii |13 

Sacchari lactis 31 4| 

Alcohol q. s. fiant tabellae triturationes No. 50. Sig : 
Two tablets three times a da.v, and increase cautiously 
until slight twitching, or rigidity of muscles. 
After exhaustion from severe mental or physical labor 
or exhausting disease: 

R. Strychnine sulphatis gr. i |065 

Quinine hydrochloridi 3ii 8| 

I'hosphori* gr. ss |032 

M. secundum artem et fiant pilulae No. Ix. Sig. : One 
pill after meals. 

STYRAX. Balsam from Liquidambar Oriontalis. 
Uses: Alterative, antiseptic, expectorant. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Benzoini Composita, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc. 
Succus Limettse cum Pepsino, N. F. Lime Juice and 
Pepsin. 

Dose: 8 Cc. (2 fluidrams), represents about 0.25 Gm. 
(4 grs.) Pepsin, U. S. P. 

SULPHONETHYLMETHANUM Trional Diethyl- 
sulphonemethylethylmethane. An oxidation product 
of mercaptol. 

Lustrous, crystalline scales, soluble in 195 parts water, 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 147 

more readily in hot or boiling water, readily soluble in 

alcohol or ether. 

Uses: Hypnotic, sedative: owing to its sparing 

solubility, should be given with large quantities of hot 

liquids, milk, soup or beer. 

Dose: 1 Gm., or 13 grains; in powder, capsule, 

cachet (should not be massed except on addition of 

other agents to aid in its disintegration). 
SULPHONMETHANUM Sulfonal Diethylsulphone- 
dimethylmethane. An oxidation product of iner- 
captol, containing one group methyl more in its 
molecule than the preceding, to which its greater 
depressing effect is supposed to be due. 

Prismatic crystals soluble' in 360 parts water, 47 parts 
alcohol, 45 parts ether, 16 parts chloroform, more soluble 
in hot, and soluble in 15 parts boiling water. 
Uses: Hypnotic, sedative; mode of administration 

similar to trional (in liquids). 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
SULPHUR LOTUM Washed Sulphur. 

Uses: Alterative, laxative, antiparasitic. 
Dose: 4 Gm., or 60 grains. 

Pulvis Glycyrrhizse Compositus, U. S. Dose: 4 Gm., 
or 60 grains. 

Unguentum Sulphuris, U. S. (15 per cent.). 
SULPHUR PRJECIPITATUM (Lac Sulphur). 
SULPHUR SUBLIMATUM (Flowers Sulphur). 

For disinfection the sulphur vapor must be mixed with 
water-vapor to form sulphurous acid, HoSOa, which is a 
potent germicide, the vapor alone (SOs) not being ef- 
fective. This is effected by "burning" the sulphur, 
wetted with Alcohol ; the mixture contained in a metal 
dish being placed in a vessel containing water, which is 
vaporized by the heat. 

Unguentum Sulphuris Compositum, N. F. 
SULPHURIS IODIDUM Sulphur Iodide. Sulphur, 20; 
iodine, 80 parts, fused in brittle masses of crystal- 
line structure, insoluble ie water. 
Uses: Alterative, antiparasitic {ointment, 10 per 

cent.). 

SUMBUL Musk Root. Root of an Umbellifera. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, nervine. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 

Fluidextractum Sumbul, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 
minims. 

Extraction Sumbul, U. S. Dose: 0.25 Cm., or 4 
grains. 

SUPPOSITORIA SUPPOSITORIES. 

Mixtures of medicinal substances and a vechicle, of 
solid consistence but quickly melting when introduced 



148 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

in any of the orifices of the human body for which they 
are intended. The vehicle may consist of a fat oil of 
theobroma (cacao fat), or soap, as in the only official 
suppositories (glycerin) when intended for rectal use, 
and ,!>! yccr ina ted gelatin when desired for urethral and 
vagina! use. Suppositories should simulate ointments or 
cerates in that the medicinal agent should he most thor- 
oughly and accurately incorporated with the vehicle, 
hence the absurdity of the so-called ''hollow supposi- 
tories," consisting of shells of cacao fat into which the 
medicinal agent is to be put. 

The U. S. P. describes suppositories according to their 
shapes and weights as follows: 

RECTAL. Should be cone-shaped or spindle-shaped and 
when made from oil of theobroma should weigh 2 (1m.. 
or 30 grains. 

I'RKTHRAL (Bougies). Should be pencil-shaped, 
pointed at one extremity, and either short: 7 Cm. 24/5 
inches) in length, weighing about 2 Gm.. or 30 grains, or 
long 14 Cm. (5 3/5 inches) in length and weighing 4 Gm., 
or 60 grains when made with glycerinated gelatin. If 
prepared with oil of theobroma they should be about 
one-half these weights. 

VAGINAL (Globules). Should be globular or oviform 
and weigh about 10 Gm., or 150 grains, if made with 
glycerinated gelatin, and about 4 Gm., or GO grains, if 
made with oil of theobroma. 

Suppositories are prepared according to the following 
general formula: 

Take of: 

The medicinal substance, the required </iui>ili(i/. 

Oil Theobroma, sufficient. 

The quantity of the vehicle '(Olei Theobromatis) 
usually required is calculated on 2 Gm., or 30 grains, 
for each suppository, thus: 

IJ. Extracti belladonnas folii gr. iii |2 

Acidi tannici gr. xv 1 

Olei theobromatis gr. ccclx 24 1 

Vel q. s. ut fiant suppositoria rectalia No. xii. 

The mixture may be melted and poured into chilled 
molds, or, as in the above, preferably made into an 
ointment-like mass and formed by pressing into molds 
bv means of a screw press or other mechanical device. 

Suppositories with glycerinated gelatin are prepared 
according to the following formula: 

Take of: 

The medicinal substance, the required quantity. 

Glycerinated Gelatin, sufficient. 



AXD XATIOXAL FORMULARY. 149 

The quantity of the vehicle is calculated as in the 
preceding example, except that only one-half as much 
as the total weight of the suppositories is required: 
IJ. Glyceriti boroglycerini 
Gelatini glycerinati, (jiianluin sufficiat. 
Fiant suppositoria vaginalia Xo. vi. 
Should the medicinal agent be insoluble, it is levigated 
with as much glycerin as may be required to make the 
weight of this mixture one-half that of the supposi- 
tories, which is then incorporated with the glycerinated 
gelatin, previously -melted, and then poured into molds, 
thus : 

' R. lodoformi gr. xv 1| 

Glycerini gr. cxl 91 

Gelatini glycerinati gr. clx 10J 

Fiant suppositoria urethralia (7 Cm.) Xo. x. 
Water soluble substances : zinc sulphate, morphine sul- 
phate, etc., may be dissolved in water instead of 
glycerin and the solution incorporated with the melted 
glycerinated gelatin. Should a firmer consistence be de- 
sired part of the water may be replaced by mucilage of 
acacia. 

Suppositoria Boroglycerini, N. F. Suppositories of 
glycerinated gelatin containing about 1 Gm. ( 15 
grs.) each boroglycerin. 
Uses: Antiseptic, astringent. t 

SUPPOSITORIA GLYCERIN!. Each suppository con- 
tains 3 Gm. (45 grs.) glycerin gelatinized by means 
of sodium stearate ( soap ) . 

Uses: Introduced in the rectum the glycerin is lib- 
erated and dissolves fecal matter, thus producing 
.prompt evacuation. 

SYRUPI SYRUPS. 

Syrups are saturated, or nearly so, solutions of sugar 
in water, containing aromatic or medicinal substances. 
SYRUPUS. Containing sugar 85 Gm. in 100 Co. 
SYRUPUS ACACLflB. Syrup, with acacia 10 per cent. 

Uses: Addition to resinous and otherwise liquid 
mixtures containing little or no alcohol. For water- 
mixtures of resinous tinctures, myrrh, benzoin, etc., 
honey is better adapted. 

SYRUPUS ACIDI CITRICI ("Syrupus Limonis"). 
Substitute for syrup of h-mon, which latter does 
not keep. 

SYRUPUS ACIDI HYDRIODICL Containing 1 per cent. 
HI by weight. Prepared from diluted hydriodic 
acid, it is of definite strength and does not 'readily 



150 MAMAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

decompose, if properly protected against the at- 
mosphere and the light. 

Uses: Alterative, substitute for the alkali iodides. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram (diluted). 
Syrupus Actaese Ccmpositus, X. F. Comp. Syrup of 
Cimicifuga. 

Uses: Alterative, sedative. 

Dose: 4 Co., or 1 Huidram, containing cimicifuga, 
glvcyrrhiza, senega, wild cherry and ipecac (0.004 Gm., 
or 1/16 gr.). 

SYRUPUS AMYGDALA. A flavored' vehicle. 
Syrupus Asari Compositus, N. F. Compound Syrup of 
Canada Snake Root. 
Uses: Aromatic stomachic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.23 Gm. 
(Si/, grs.) asarum (Canada snake root), and 0.01 Gm. 
(1/5 gr.) ipecac. 

SYRUPUS AURANTII Syrup Aurantii Corticis. Pre- 
pared from the tincture of fresh orange pec] ; tlii* 
is a most exquisite, flavored vehicle. 
Uses: As addition to liquid mixtures of various 
salts, that is, bromides, iodides, etc., about 25 Cc. (6 
fldrs.) to a 100 Cc. (25 fldrs.) mixture. 
SYRUPUS AURANTII FLORUM Orange Flower 
Syrup. Especially adapted to hypophosphites and 
salts of iron as a 'flavor. 

Syrupus Bromidorum, N. F. Syrup of the Bromides. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing about 1 
Gm. (15 grs.) of the mixed bromides of potassium, 
sodium, ammonium, calcium and lithium, in comp. 
syrup of sarsaparilla. 

Syrupus Calcii Chlorhydrophosphatis, N. F. Chlorhy- 
drophosphate of Lime. 
Uses: Alterative, tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. containing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr.) calcium phosphate. 
Syrupus Calcii Hypophosphitis, N. F. 

Uses: Alterative, reconstructive, tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) calcium hypophosphite. 

Syrupus Calcii lodidi, N. F. Syrup "Iodide of Lime." 
Uses: Alterative, antiasthmatic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or */ fluidram, containing 0.15 Gm. 
(2 1 /, grs.) calcium iodide. 

SYRUPUS CALCII LACTOPHOSPHATIS Lactophos- 
phate of Lime. 



AM) NAT/OXAL FORMULARY. 151 

Uses: Xorve nutrient. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, containing about 0.06 
Gm. (1 gr.) calcium lactophosphate. 
Syrupus Calcii Lactophosphatis cum Ferro, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative, bone nutrient, hematinic. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.03 Gm. (V 2 
gr.) ferrous lactate and 0.024 Gm. (% gr.) calcium 
lactophosphate. 

Syrupus Calcii et Sodii Hypophosphitum, X. F. 
Uses: Alterative, reconstructive tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram, containing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) each calcium and sodium hypophosphites. 
SYRUPUS CALCIS Calcium Saccharate, 1 per cent. 
Uses: Antacid; antidote to oxalic acid. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Syrupus Chondri Compositus, X. F. Irish ^1 
Uses: Expectorant, cough sedative. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.008 Gm. 
(Vs g 1 "-) ipecac, 0.13 Gm. (2 grs.) each squill and 
senega, 0.2 Cc. (3% minims) camph. tr. opium, in 
mucilage of Irish moss. 

Syrupus Cinnamomi, X. F. Similar to the Ger. Ph. 
Uses: Carminative, flavoring. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing about 0.4 
Gm. (6 grs.) cinnamon. 
Syrupus Codeinae, X. F. 

Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, cough sedative. 
Dose: 2 Cc/(30 minims), containing 0.015 Gm. (V4 
gr.) codeine sulphate. 
Syrupus Coffeae, X. F. Syrup of Coffee. 

Uses: Flavor and to mask taste of drugs, quinine, 
etc.; represents about 25 per cent, coffee (roasted Java 
and "Mocha"). 

Syrupus Eriodictyi Aromaticus, X. F. Syrupus Corri- 
gens. 

Uses: Chiefly as an adjuvant vehicle to disguise 
bitter drugs. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams, representing about 0.25 
Gm. (4 grs.) yerba santa with aromatk-s. 
Syrupus Ferri Arsenatis, X. F. 

Uses: Alterative, tonic, hematinic. 
Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims, containing about 0.0002 
Gm., equal to 0.2 mg. (1/320 gr.) ferric arsenate. 
Syrupus Ferri Citro-Iodidi, X. F. Tasteless Syrup Iodide 
of Iron. 

Uses: Alterative. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, representing 0.14 Gm, 



If) 2 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

(2 grs.) ferrous idodide; practically same strength 
as the syrupus ferri iodidi, U. S. P. 
Syrupus Ferri Hypophosphitis, N. F. 
Uses: TIematinic, reconstructive. 
Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr. ) ferric hypophosphite. 

SYRUPUS FERRI IODIDI. Ferrous Iodide, 5 per cent. 
weight (reduced in strength one-half, from the 
syrup formerly official, which was 10 per cent.). 
Uses: Alterative, hematinic. 

Dose: 1 Gc., or 15 minims, containing 0.05 Gm. 
(5/6 gr. ) through a glass tube, to avoid discoloration 
of the teeth. 

Syrupus Ferri Lactophosphatis, N. F. 
Uses: Alterative, tonic, hematinic. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr.) ferrous lactate and 0.1 Gm. (I 1 /* gr. ) lactophos- 
phate of iron. 

Syrupus Ferri Protochloridi, N. F. Ferrous Chloride. 
Uses: Chalybeate tonic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. containing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr.) ferrous chloride. 

SYRUPUS FERRI, QUININES ET STRYCHNINE 
PHOSPHATUM. 
Uses: Nerve tonic, hematinic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.08 Gm. (1.2 
grs.) ferric phosphate, 0.1 Gm. (iy s grs.) quinine, and 
0.0008 Gm. (1/80 gr.) strychnine." 

Syrupus Ferri Saccharati Solubilis, N. F. Saccharate of 
Iron. 

Uses: Hematinic; without styptic taste. 
Dose: 5 Cc., or 75 minims, representing about 0.06 
Gm. (1 gr.) metallic iron. 
Syrupus Ferri et Mangani Iodidi, N. F. 

Uses: Alterative, resolvent, hematinic. 
Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims, representing 0.1 Gm. 
(I 1 /:! grs. ) ferrous iodide and 0.03 Gm. (y 2 gr. ) man- 
ganese iodide. 
Syrupus Glycyrrhizae, N. F. Syrup of Licorice. 

Uses: Adjuvant addition to cough mixtures; to 
disguise the taste of quinine sulphate by suspension 
(shake r. ell mixture). 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 4 Gm. (1 
dram) licorice root. 

Syrupus Hydrochlorophosphatum, N. F. Compound 
Svrup of Phosphates with Quinine and Strychnine. 
Uses: Nerve and blood tonic. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.015 Gm. 



AND NATIONAL FOI5MTLARY. 153 

(V,. 'i'-) (|iiinino. strychnine, 0.0005 Gm.. equal to 0.5 
mg. (1/128 gr.K ferric phosphate 0.13 Gm. (2 grs.), 
with citro-phosphatea of potassium, magnesium and 
calcium. 
SYRUPUS HYPOPHOSPHITUM Syrup of Hypophos- 

phites. 

Uses: Xerve nutrient, alterative, reconstructive. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, containing 0.3 Gin. (5 
grs.) calcium hypophosphite, and 0.1 Gm. (1^ grs.) 
each potassium and sodium hypophosphites. 
SYRUPUS HYPOPHOSPHITUM COMPOSITUS. This 

syrup is intended to replace a well-known proprie- 

tary medicine and should always be followed by the 

designation I'. S. P., to distinguish it from other 

compound syrups of hyposphospliites of different 

composition. Tt should be given the preference over 

the "patent" article that has the name blown in the 

bottle- 
Uses: Xerve nutrient, hematinic, reconstructive. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams, containing quinine. 
0.008 Gm. (y 8 gr.) and strychnine, 0.0008 Gm. (1/80 
gr.), hypophosphite salts, calcium. 0.25 Gm. (4 grs.) : 
potassium and sodium, each 0.12 Gm. (2 grs.) ; ferric 
and manganese, 0.015 Gm. (% gr. ) each. 
SYRUPUS IPECACUANHA Syrup of Ipecac. 

Dose: Expectorant, 1 Cc., or 15 minims, represent- 
ing ipecac, 0.00 Gm., or 1 grain; emetic, 15 Cc., or 4 
fluidrams, representing ipecac. 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Syrupus Ipecacuanhas et Opii, X. F. Syrup of Dover's 

Powder. 

Uses: Diaphoretic, sedative, antispasmodic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.03 Gm. (5 
grs.) Dover's powder. 
SYRUPUS KRAMERLffi Syrup of Rhatany. 

Uses: Astringent, antidiarrheal. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
SYRUPUS LACTUCARIL Prepared from Lactucarium 

of good quality, yields an article equal to the costly 

imported syrup. 

Uses: Xerve and coimh sedative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 
Syrupus Mannas, X. F. (Strength of Ger. Ph.). 

Uses: Laxative. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 lluidrams, containing 1 Gm. (15 
gr>.) manna. 
Syrupus Morphinae Compositus, X. F. 

Uses: Expectorant, cough sedative . 



154 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.002 Gm. 
(1/32 gr.) morphine sulphate, 0.008 Gm. ( y 8 gr.) ipe- 
cac; senega, 0.4 Gm. (6 grs.) ; rhubarb, 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr.), flavored with sassafras. 
Syrupus Morphinae Sulphatis, X. F. Syrupus Morphinae. 

Uses: Anodyne, sedative, hypnotic. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, containing 0.004 Gin. 
(1/16 gr.) morphine sulphate. 
Syrupus Papaveris, X. F. Syrup of Poppy. 

Uses: Mild anodyne and sedative for children. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. (Syrupus Diacodii, Ger. 
Ph., is only one-seventh this strength.) 
Syrupus Pectoralis, X. F. Jackson's Pectoral Syrup. 

Uses: Cough sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.002 Gm. 
(1/32 gr.) morphine sulphate in syrup of acacia, fla- 
vored with sassafras. 
Syrupus Phosphatum Compositus, X. F. Chemical Food. 

Uses: Tonic, nutrient. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) calcium phosphate, 0.06 Gm. (1 gr.) each phos- 
phates of iron and ammonium, and smaller quantities 
of potassium and sodium phosphates. 
SYRUPUS PICIS LIQUIDS Syrup of Tar. 

Uses: Antiseptic, anticatarrhal. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

Syrupus Pini Strobi Compositus, N. F. White Pine 
Compound. 

Uses: Expectorant, anodyne, sedative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 0.3 Gm. (5 
grs.) each white pine bark (Pinus strobus) and wild 
cherry bark: 0.004 Gm. (1/16 gr.) morphine sulphate, 
with small quantities of aralia (spikenard), populus 
(balm of Gilead buds), sanguinarm and sassafras, and 
a little chloroform. 
SYRUPUS PRUNI VIRGINIANS Syrup Wild Cherry. 

Uses: Cough sedative. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Syrupus Quinidinse, X. F. Bitterless Syrup of Quini- 

dine. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) quinidine alkaloid suspended in a "shake-well" 
mixture. 
Syrupus Rhamni Catharticae, X. F. (Syr. Spinu> Cer- 

vhuf. (Jer. I'll. ) .Syrup of fermented juice of buck- 
thorn berries. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 iluidrams. 



AXn XATTOXAL FORMULARY. I-").") 

SYRUPUvS RHEI Syrup of Rhubarb. Fluidoxtrnct 
rhubarb, 10 Co.. iii 100 (V.. with a little potassium 
carbonate (1 Gm.), aixl spirit of cinnamon, 0.4 Cc. 
(6 minims ) . 
Uses: Laxative, 
Dose: S ('<-.. or 2 fluidrams. 

SYRUPUS RHEI AROMATICUS Spiced Syrup of Rhu- 
barb. Aromatic tincture of rhubarb. 15 Cc.; potas- 
sium carbonate. 1 Gin., in 100 Cc. 
Uses: Laxative, astringent, antidiarrheal. 
Dose: S Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

Syrupus Rhei et Potassse Compositus, X. F. Neutraliz- 
ing Cordial. 

Uses: Antacid, stomachic. 

Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 tluidram. representing small quan- 
tities of rhubarb and hydrastis in an alkaline flavored 
vehicle. 

SYRUPUS ROSJE. Fluidextract of rose. 12.5 Cc. in 100 
Cc., with a little diluted sulphuric acid. 1 ("im. (15 
minims) . 

SYRUPUS RUBI. Fluidextract of rubus. 25 Cc. in 100 
Cc. 

Uses: Astringent. 
Dose: 4 Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 

Syrupus Rubi Aromaticus, X. F. Blackberry. 
Uses: Astringent. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 1 Gin. (15 
grs.) .blackberry root with aromat ir>. 

Syrupus Sanguinariae, X. F, Blood Root. 
Uses: Expectorant. 

Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims, representing 0.4 Cm. (0 
grs.) sanguinaria. 

SYRUPUS SARSAPARILLJE COMPOSITUS. Sarsapa- 
rilla, 20; glycyrrhiza. 1.5; senna, 1.5; flavored with 
anise, gaultheria and sassafras. 
Uses: Alterative; vehicle for the iodides. 
Dose: 10 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

SYRUPUS SCILL^E. Vinegar of squill, 45 Cc. in 100 
Cc. 

Uses: Expectorant, emetic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

SYRUPUS SCILUE COMPOSITUS. (Coxe's Hive 
Syrup). Fluidextract squill, 8 Cc.; fluidextract sen- 
ega, 8 Cc.; tartar emetic, 0.2 Gm., in 100 Cc. 
Uses: Expectorant, diaphoretic, emetic. 
Dose: 2 Cc.. or 30 minims, representing squill and 



1")0 MAXUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

senega, each 0.16 Gm. (2 1 /, grs.) ; tartar emetic, 0.004 
Gm. (1/16 gr.). 
SYRUPUS SENEGAS. Fluidextract senega, 20 Cc. in 

100 Cc. 

Uses: Expectorant. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 lluidram (12 grs. senega). 
SYRUPUS SENN^E. Fluidex tract senna. dertv,ini/.ed. 2~> 

Cc., and oil of coriander, ."> Cc.. in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Laxative; devoid of griping qualities. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 iluidram. 

Syrupus Sennse Aromaticus, X. F. 
Uses: Purgative. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing 1 Gm. (l.~> 
grs.) deodorized senna. 0.4 Cm. ((> grs.) jalap, and 
0.13 Gm. (2 grs.) rhubarb, with aromaties. 
Syrupus Sennse Compositus, X.. F. Compound Syrup of 
Senna. 

Uses: Purgative. 

Dose: 8 Cc. 3 or 2 fluidrams; representing 1.04 Gm. 
(16 grs.) senna and 0.26 Gm. (4 grs.) each of rhubarb 
and frangula. 

Syrupus Sodii Hypophosphitis, N. F. 
Uses: Alterative, reconstructive. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) sodium hypophosphite. 
Syrupus Stillingias Compositus, N. F. 

Uses: Alterative, resolvent; adjuvant vehicles for 
iodides. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 1 Cc.. or 
15 minims compound fluidextract of Stillingia, N. F. 
SYRUPUS TOLUTANUS. Tincture of tolu, 5 Cc. in 
100 Cc. 

Uses: Expectorant, anticatarrhal. 
Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 

SYRUPUS ZINGIBERIS. Fluidextract of ginger. 3 Cc. 
in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Aromatic, carminative, vehicle. 
Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams. 
TALCUM. Native hydrous Magnesium Silicate. 
TALCUM PURIFACTUM. 

Pulvis Talci Salicylicus. X. F. 
TAMARINDUS. Pvilp of fruit Tamarindus Indica (in 

Confectio Sennac). 

TARAXACUM. Root Taraxacum officinal;'. 
Uses: Bitter tonic, laxative. 
Dose: 8 Gm., or 120 grains. 



AND NATIONAL FORMI'LARY. Io7 

Eluidextractum Taraxaci, U. S. Dose: 8 Co., ov 2 

fluidrams. 
Extractum Taraxaei. U. S. Dose: 1 Gin., or 15 

grains. 

Klixir Taraxaci Composition, X. F. 
TEREBENUM. From oil of Turpentine. 

Liquid, consisting of dipenteue and other hydnxar- 
bons. s. g. o.sr.d. slightly soluble in water, but soluble 
in :i times its volume of alcohol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antizymotic, expectorant; inhala- 
tion in phthisis. 

Dose: 0.5 Co.. or 8 minims (in liquid mixture). 
Mixture with syrup or emulsion like Emulsum Olei 
Terebinthinse. 
TEREBINTHINA. Concrete oleoresin from Pinus pal- 

ustris. 
TEREBINTHINA CANADENSIS. -- Liquid oleoresin 

from Abies balsamea. 

TERPINI HYDRAS. Hydrate of diatomic alcohol ter- 
pine. 

Rhombic prisms, soluble in about 200 parts water. 10 

parts of alcohol, in about 100 parts ether and 200 parts 

chloroform. 

Uses: Antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant. 
In dosage form should not be massed, but in capsules. 

Dose: 0.125 dm. or 2 grains, chiefly in elixirs: 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis. X. F. 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis cum Codeina, N. F. 
Elixir Terpini Hydratis cum Heroina, N. F. 
THYMOL. A phenol from oil of Thyme. 

Large, translucent, rhombic prisms, very sparingly sol- 
uble in water (llnO), soluble in less than its weight of 
alcohol, ether or chloroform. Triturated with about 
equal parts of camphor, chloral, menthol or phenol it 
liquefies. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipyretic, anthelmintic. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains (in capsules). 

Liquor Antisepticus. U. S. 

Liquor Antisepticus Alkalinus. X. F. 
THYMOLIS IODIDUM Thymol Iodide Dithymol-di- 
iodide ("Aristol.") Obtained by the condensation of 
two molecules of thymol and introduction of two 
atoms of iodine into the phenolic groups of the 
thymol. 

Bright chocolate-colored, or reddish-yellow, bulky 
powder, insoluble in water or glycerin, slightly soluble 
in alcohol, readily soluble iu ether, chloroform, collo- 
dion, fixed or volatile oils. 

Uses: Antiseptic, similar to iodoform; chiefly as 



15S MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ducting powder, also in ointment, suppositories, solu- 
tion in liquid petrolatum (10 per cent.) as spray. 

TINCTURE TINCTURES. 

Liquid extractive preparations of drugs, ranging in 
drug strength from 5 to 50 per cent., made with alcohol, 
or alcohol and water. The following are simple solu- 
tions: Tr. Ferri Chloridi, Tr. lodi. 

With a few unimportant exceptions the tinctures are 
divided in four groups : 1. Those of potent drugs, con- 
taining 10 Gm. drug in 100 Cc. ; 2, of non-potent drugs, 
containing 20 Gm. drug in 100 cc. ; 3, the compound 
tinctures, of different strengths : 4. tinctures of fresh 
or "green" herbs Tincturae Herbarum Recentium 
representing ~>o dm. of the herb in 100 Cc. 
TINCTUR A ACONITI. Aconite (root): 10 (aconitine 
0.045 ) .Dose : 0.2 Cc., or 3 minims. 

NOTE. Reduced in strength from 35 Gm. in 100 Cc. 
(U. S. P., '90), to 10 Gm. in 100 Cc. (U. S. P. VIII 
1905). To avoid confusion the official tincture should be 
specified: Tr. Aconiti (10) U. S. P. VIII. 
Tinctura Aconiti, Fleming, N. F. 70 Gm. aconite in 100 
Cc. 

CAUTION. This tincture must not be confounded with 
the official 10 per cent, tincture ; there is no need of this 
preparation, and it is practically obsolete. 

TINCTURA ALOES. Aloes, 10; glycyrrhiza, 20. Dose: 

4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA ALOES ET MYRRHS. Aloes, myrrh, 

glycyrrhiza, each 10. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Tinctura Amara, N. F. (Stomachic Tincture, Ger. Ph.). 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, representing gentian, 
centaury, bitter orange and zedoary. 
Tinctura Antacrida, N. F. (Fenner's Guaiac Mixture). 
Uses: Emmenagogue, uterine sedative. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims, containing 0.005 Gin. 
(1/12 gr. ) corrosive chloride of mercury in a solution 
of guaiac and Canada turpentine, each 0.06 Gm. ( 1 
gr.) ; oil sassafras, 0.015 Cc. (% minim), in alcohol. 
Tinctura Antiperiodica, N. F. (Warburg's Tincture). 

Prepared after the original formula communicated by 
Dr. Warburg from a number of drugs, aloes, rhubarb and 
angelica predominating, containing also very small quan- 
tities of camphor and opium and various aromatics, and 
0.60 Gm. (9 grains) quinine sulphate in each 32 Cc. or 
1 fluidounce. 

Dose: In remittent fevers, 16 Cc. (4 fluidrams), 
without dilution after evacuation of bowels by any 
convenient purgative, all drink being withheld; after 
three hours, another 16 Cc. (4 fluidrams) is given. 
The tincture is also prepared without aloes. See also 
Pilulae Antiperiodicae, N. F. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 159 

TINCTURA ARNICA. Arnica: 20 (externally). 

Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 
Tinctura Aromatica, X. F. Aromatic Tincture, (Ger. 

Ph.). Combination of cinnamon, ginger, galangal, 

cloves and cardamom. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
TINCTURA ASAFOZTIDJE. Asafetida: 20. Dose: 1 

Cc. or 15 minim<. 
TINCTURA AURANTII AMARL Bitter Orange Peel: 

20. Dose: 4 C'c., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA AURANTII DULCIS. Sweet Orange Peel, 

fresh: 50. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fhiidram. 
TINCTURA BELLADONNA FOLIORUM. Belladonna 

Leaves: 10; alkaloids, 0.03 per cent. Dose: 0.5 Cc., 

or 8 minims. 
TINCTURA BENZOINI. Benzoin: 20. Dose: 1 Cc., or 

15 minims. 
TINCTURA BENZOINI COMPOSITA. Benzoin, 10; 

aloes, 2; storax, 8; tolu, 4. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

TINCTURA CALENDUUE. Calendula: 20 (exter- 
nally ) . 
TINCTURA CALUMB-ffi. Calumba : 20. Dose: 4 Cc., 

or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA CANNABIS INDICJE. Indian Cannabis: 

10. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
TINCTURA CANTHARIDIS. Cantharides: 10. Dose: 

0.1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
TINCTURA CAPSICL Capsicum: 10. Dose: 0.5 Cc., 

or 8 minims. 

Tinctura Capsici et Myrrhae, X. Y (Hot drops, "Num- 
ber Six"). 

Uses: Carminative, diuretic, stomachic. 

Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims, representing 0.06 Gm. (1 
gr. ) capsicum and 0.25 Gm. (4 grs.) myrrh. 
TINCTURA CARDAMOM!. Cardamomi: * 20. Dose: 4 

C'c.. or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA CARDAMOMI COMPOSITA. Cardamom, 

cinnamon, each. 2.5: caraxvav. 1.2: cochineal, 0.5; 

ul vcerin, 5 Cc. Dose: 4 Go., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA CIMICIFUGJE. Cimicifuga: 20. Dose? 4 

. Cc.. or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA CINCHON-ffi. Cinchona (Calisaya): 20. 

Dose: 4 ( '<>.. or 1 tluidram. 
TINCTURA CINCHONJE COMPOSITA. Cinchona 

(red). 10: bitter orange. 8; serpentaria, 2. Dose: 

4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 



160 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Tinctura Cinchonae Detannata, N. F. Detannated Tinc- 
ture of Cinchona. 
Uses: For preparing cinchona elixirs with iron salts. 

TINCTURA CINNAMOML Saigon Cinnamon: 20.- 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 

TINCTURA COLCHICI SEMINIS. Colchicum Seed: 10; 
(colcnicine, 0.04 per cent.). Dose 2 Cc., or 30 
minims. 

Tinctura Coto, N. F. 

Uses: Astringent, antidiarrheal (in "winter" chol- 
era). 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 Gm. (8 
grs.) coto bark. 

Tinctura Cresolis Saponata, N. F. Saponated Cresol. 
Alcoholic solution of ere sol, 35; soft soap, 45; exter- 
nally. 

TINCTURA DIGITALIS. -Digitalis: 10. Dose: 1 Cc., 

or 15 minims. 
TINCTURA FERRI CHLORIDI. Solution Ferric ( hlor- 

ide, 35 Cc. in 100 Cc. Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 
Tinctura Ferri Chloridi ^therea, N. F. (Bestucheffe's; 

Lamotte's). 

Uses: Hematinic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.03 Gm. (y a 
gr.) metallic iron in ether-alcohol. 
Tinctura Ferri Citro-Chloridi, N. F. Tasteless Tr. Iron. 

Useful as addition to extemporaneous mixtures of 

preparations of vegetable drugs, since it does not re- 
act or discolor with tannin or its derivatives. 

(Elixir Gentianae cum Tr. Ferri Chloridi). 

Dose: 0.65 Cc., or 10 minims, representing 0.06 
Gm. (1 gr.) ferric chloride. 
Tinctura Ferri Pomata, X. F. Ferrated Extract of 

Apples. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.008 Gm. 
(y 8 gr. ) metallic iron. 
TINCTURA GALUE. Nutgall: 20. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 
TINCTURA GAMBIR COMPOSITA (Tr. Catechu Com- 

posita, '90). Gambir (Catechu), -3; Cinnamon, 2.5. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA GELSEMII. Gelsemium : 10. Dose: 0.5 

Cc. or 8 minims. 
TINCTURA GENTIANS COMPOSITA. Gentian, 10; 

bitter orange peel, 4; cardamon, 1. Dose 4 Cc., or 

1 fluidram. 



AXD XATIOX.U, FOKMrT.ARY. 101 

TINCTURA GUAIACL Cuaiac: 20. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 
TINCTURA GUAIACI AMMONIATA.- Guaiac: 20 (in 

Sp. ammon. arom.). Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Tinctura Guaiaci Composita, N. F. (Dewee's Tr. 
( iuaiac) . 

Uses: Alterative, emmenagogue. 

Dose: 4 Ce., or 1 fluidram, represents 0.5 Gm. (7 1 /> 
grs.) guaiac in alkaline solution, in diluted alcohol 
with arnmatics. 
TINCTURA HYDRASTIS. Hydrastis: 20 (hydrastine. 

0.4 per cent.). Dose: 4 Co.. or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA HYOSCYAMI. Hyoseyamus: 10; (alka- 
loids. 0.00" ]>er cent.). Dose*: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
TINCTURA IODL Iodine, 7: jiolassium iodide, 5. 

Dose: 0.1 Cc. (rarely internally). 

Tinctura lodi, Churchill. X. F. (Not Churchill's Caus- 
tic). Iodine. 10. 5; potassium iodide, 3. .3; water, 2.5; 
alcohol to 100 Cc. 
Uses: Antiseptic, alterative. 

Dose: 0.00 Cc.. or 1 minim, representing 0.01 Gm. 
(1/0 gr. ) iodine. 

Tinctura lodi Decolorata, N. F. Decolorized Tr. Iodine. 
A solution of practically ammonium iodide in alcohol, 
for oxter"al use. 

Uses: Rubefacient, counter-irritant. 

TINCTURA IPECACUANHA ET OPII. Fluidextract 
ipecac. 10 Cc. in tr. opii deod. 100 Cc. Dose: 0.5 
Cc., or 8 minims. 

Tinctura Jalapae, X. F. 20 Gm. jalap in 100 Cc. 
Tinctura Jalapse Composita, X'. F. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.5 Gm. (7% 
grs.) jalap and 0.13 Gm. (2 grs.) scammony. 
TINCTURA KINO. Kino: 5. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 

fluidram. 

The compound tincture of gambir, or the tincture of 
krameria. may be used instead of the tincture of kino 
in the following: 

!. ('rota' proparatre 3i 4 

Tincture kino 3iv 15 

Tinctura* opii m. v 3 

Sph'itus chloroform! m. Ixxv ." 

Aquae menthro piperitfp 3x 40 

Syrupi aurantii. <j. s. ad giii 100 

For children of from 3 to 10 years of age, from one- 
half to one teaspoonful of this mixture may be given 
every two or three hours : for adults the dose is one 
tabiesnoonful. 
Tinctura Kino Composita, N. F. 

Uses: Astringent, anodyne, antispasmodic. 



102 MAXl'AI. OF PIIARMACOPKIA 

Dose: 4 Ce., or 1 fluidrain. representing 0.03 Gm. 
(Vz gi'-) each kino and opium. 

TINCTURA KRAMERIJE. Krameria: 20. Dose: 4 Cc., 
or 1 fluidrain. 

TINCTURA LACTUCARIL Lactucarium 50. Dose: 2 

Cc., or 30 minims. 
TINCTURA LAVANDUUE COMPOSITA. Oil Lavend. 

flor., 0.8 ; oil rosemary, 0.2 ; cinnamon, 2 ; nutmeg, 1 ; 

cloves, 0.5; red saunders, 1. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

TINCTURA LIMONIS CORTICIS. Lemon peel, fresh: 
50. Flavor. 

TINCTURA LOBELIJE. Lobelia : 10. Dose: Expector- 
ant, 1 Cc.; emetic, 4 Cc. 

TINCTURA MOSCHI. Musk: 5. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 
fluidram. 

TINCTURA MYRRH JE. Myrrh : 20. Dose: 1 Cc., or 
15 minims. 

TINCTURA NUCIS VOMICJE. Xux Vomica: 10; 
(strychnine, 0.1 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 
minims. 

.TINCTURA OPII. Opium pulv.: 10; (morphine. 1.2 per 
cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims. 

TINCTURA OPII CAMPHORATA. Opium pulv., 0.4; 
benzoic acid, 0.4; camphor, 0.4; oil anise, 0.4; glycer- 
in, 4 Cc. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams. 

TINCTURA OPII DEODOR ATI. Opium deodorized: 10; 
(morphine, 1.2 per cent.). Dose: 0.5 Cc., or S 
minims. 

Tinctura Papaveris, X. F. ( Tincture of Poppy ) . 

Tinctura Pectoralis, N. F. (Bateman's Drops). 

Dose: For infants, 0.65 Cc., or 10 minims, repre- 
senting about YO minim tr. opium. 

Tinctura Persionis, X. F. Cudbear. For coloring. 

Tinctura Persionis Composita, X. F. Coloring. 

TINCTURA PHYSOSTIGMATIS. Physostigma : 10 : 

(alkaloids, 0.014 per cent.). Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 

Tinctura Pimpinellae, X 1 . F. Pimpinella, 16.5 in 100 Cc. 
TINCTURA PYRETHRL Pyrethrum : 20; (pellitory). 

Externally. 
TINCTURA QU ASSIZE.- Quassia: 20. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 
TINCTURA QUILLAJJE. Quillaja (soap bark). 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 163 

TINCTURA RHEI. Rhubarb, 20; cardamom, 4. Dose: 

4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Tinctura Rhei Aquosa, X. F. (Similar to the Ger. Ph.). 

Dose: 4 Co., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.4 Gm. (6 
grs.) rhubarb. 
TINCTURA RHEI AROMATICA. For Syrupus Rhei 

Aromaticus. Rhubarb. 20; cinnamon, cloves, each, 
4; nutmeg, 2. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Tinctura Rhei Vinosa, X. F. (Similar to the Ger. Ph.). 
Tinctura Rhei Gentianae, X. F. 

Dose: 4 C'c.. or 1 fluidram. representing 0.25 Gm. 
(4 grs. ) rhubarb and 0.06 Gm. (1 gr.) gentian. 
TINCTURA SANGUINARIJE. Sanguinaria, 10; acetic 

acid. 2. Dose: 1 Cc.. or 15 minims. 
Tinctura Saponis Viridis Composita, X. F. External. 

Soft soap, 15; oil of cade, 2; alcohol to 100 Cc. 
TINCTURA SCILL^:. Squill: 10. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
TINCTURA SERPENTARIJE. Serpentaria : 20- Dose: 

4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA STRAMONIL Stramonium (leaves): 10; 

alkaloids, 0.025 per cent.). Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 
TINCTURA STROPHANTHI. Strophanthus: 10. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc.. or 8 minims. 

XOTL-. Increased from 5 Gm. in 100 Cc. (U. S. '90) to ' 

10 Gm. in 100 Cc. (U. S., VIII, 1905). 
TINCTURA TOLUTANA. Balsam of Tolu: 20. Dose: 

2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Tinctura Tolutana ^therea, X. F. (Tolu, 16 per cent.). 

For pill coating. 
Tinctura Tolutana Solubilis, N. F. Soluble Tr. Tolu. 

For flavoring. 
TINCTURA VALERIANJE. Valerian: 20. Dose: 4 

C'c.. or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA VALERIANS AMMONIATA. Valerian: 

20; (in Sp. Ammon. Arom.). Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 
TINCTURA VANILUE. Vanilla: 10; (sugar, 20). 

Flavor. 
Tinctura Vanillini Composita, X. F. (Comp. Essence 

Vanillin). For flavoring purposes. 
TINCTURA VERATRI (Tr. Veratri Viridis: 40, U. S. 

'90). Veratrum: 10. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims. 
NOTE. Reduced in strength from 40 Gm. in 100 Cc. 

(U. S. '90, to 10 Gm. in 100 Cc. (U. S.. VIII. ll0j). 

Since the U. S. VIII does not distinguish between V. 



164 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

album and V. viride, if the tincture of the latter is de- 
sired, it should be specified : Tinctura Veratri (U. S. P., 
VIII. VirifJis.) 

Tinctura Viburni Opuli Composita, N. F. Compound 
Viburnum). Similar in composition to a well- 
known trade article, largely used in uterine disorders 
and as a vehicle and adjuvant in liquid mixtures, for 
which this preparation should be given the preference. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, uterine sedative. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 0.25 Gin. 
(4 grs.) each viburnum opulus and dioscorea (wild 
yam ) , with scutellaria and aromatics. 
Tinctura Zedoariae Amara, N. F. Comp. Tincture of 
Zedoary. Similar in composition to Tinctura Anti- 
periodica (Warburg) without quinine. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
TINCTURA ZINGIBERIS. Ginger: 20. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 

Tinctura ^thereae, N. F. Ethereal Tinctures. 10 per 
cent. General formula: Tinctures of oleoresinous 
drugs made with a menstrua of 1 volume of ether 
and 2 volumes of alcohol. 

TINCTURJE HERBARUM RECENTIUM Tinctures of 
Fresh Herbs. 50 per cent. General formula: Tinc- 
tures prepared by maceration of 50 Gm. of fresh 
drug with 100 Cc. alcohol and expression. 
TOLU. See Halsjimuin Tohitana. 
TRAGACANTHA. Gummy exudation from Astragalus 

gumifer. 

Mucilago TragacanthflB, U. S. Clyeeritum, X. F. 
TRITICUM. Rhizome of Agropyron repens. 
Uses: Diuretic, genitourinary demulcent. 
Dose: 8 Gm., or 120 grains. 

Fluidextractum Tritici, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 
fluidrams. 

TRITURATIONES TRITURATIONS. 
Mixtures of medicinal substances with an inert dilu- 
ent, Sugar of Milk, triturated to an impalpable powder. 
This form of preparation is chiefly adapted to insoluble, 
or sparingly soluble, substances, such as calomel, alka- 
loids and their salts, intended for internal administra- 
tion, whose efficiency is thereby enhanced. It possesses 
also pharmaceutical advantages in facilitating more ac- 
curate weighing and more readily complete admixture 
of small quantities of potent substances. Unless other- 
wise directed, triturations contain 10 per cent, of the 
medicinal substance and are prepared according to the 
general formula: 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 165 

Take of the .Medicinal Substance 10 Gin. (or grains), 
S:i;j-fir of Milk, in moderately fine powder. 90 Gm. (or 
Trains), mix according to art. ( M. sec. art.) 
There is one official trituration : 

IRITURATIO ELATERINI. Elaterin, 10 per cent. 
Uses: Hydragogue, cathartic. 
Dose: 0.030 Gm., or y s grain. 

Triturations may easily be prepared in dosage-form by 
making a soft mass with Alcohol and pressing in molds. 
Sec Tabletta Orales : Pulveres. 

TROCHISCI TROCEHS ( Lozenges ) 
Mix! ure of medicinal substances made into a soft 
paste, or confection, with a saccharine flavored vehicle, 
divided into dosage forms and dried. This form of prep- 
aration is chiefly adapted to astringent, antacid, anti- 
septic and demulcent drugs of which local continued 
effect is desired in the mouth and throat. When allowed 
slowly to dissolve in the mouth, a viscid vehicle is 
formed through which otherwise insoluble substances are 
brought into contact with the mucous surfaces in the 
most favorable condition for therapeutic action. Only 
troches made according to the official formulas being 
prepared from a mass, possess this quality, those made 
by compression of powders as ordinarily found in the 
market are not homogeneous, do not distinegrate uni- 
formly and thus often produce irritation, instead of al- 
leviation, of the affected parts. 

Dose of Troches: From one to two. usually three or 
four times a day. 
TROCHISCI ACIDI TANNICL Tannic Acid, 0.06 Gm. 

(1 gr.). 

Uses: Astringent. 
TROCHISCI AMMONII CHLORIDI. Ammon. Chloridi. 

0.1 Cm. (1V> gr.); ext. glycyrrhizap, 0.2 Gm. (3 

grs.). 

Uses: Antiseptic, demulcent, expectorant. 
TROCHISCI CUBEBJE. Olertresin Cubelw. 0.02 Gm. 

(1/3 gr.) ; olei sassafras, 001 (V. (1/6 minim) ; ext. 

glycyrrhizo 1 , 0.25 Gm. (4 grs.). 

Uses: Bronchial stimulant, expectorant. 
TROCHISCI GAMBIR (Catechu '90). Gambir, 0.06 

Gm. (1 gr.). 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic. 
TROCHISCI GLYCYRRHIZ^E ET OPIL Opii pulv., 

0.005 Gm. (1/32 gr.) ; ext. glycyrrhiza>, 0.15 Gm. 

(2 y., grs.). 

Uses: Anodyne, demulcent, expectorant. 



106 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Fluidextractum Taraxaci, U. S. Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 
TROCHISCI KRAMERIJE. Ext, Kramerise, 0.06 Gm. 

(1 gr.). 

Uses: Astringent. 

TROCHISCI POTASSII CHLORATIS. Potass. Chlor- 
atis, 0.15 Gm. (2% grs.). 

Uses: Antiseptic, astringent (in aphthae). 
TROCHISCI SANTONIN!. Santonin, 0.03 Gm. (% gr.). 

Uses: Anthelmintic, vermifuge. 
TROCHISCI SODII BICARBONATIS. Sodii bicarb., 

0.18 Gm. (3 grs.) ; myristicae, 0.01 Gm. (1/6 gr.). 

Uses: Antacid. 
ULMUS. Bark of Ulmus fulva. Mucilago, U. S. 

UNGUENTA OINTMENTS. 

Scmisolid mixtures of fats and oils, sometime wax, 
lanolin and petrolatum, with which medicinal agents usu- 
ally are intimately incorporated, for external use. In- 
tended to be applied by inunction, ointments should read- 
ily melt at the body temperature. The character of the 
vehicle is determined by the general therapeutic purpose, 
whether penetration by the ointment and absorption of 
the medicinal agent, or, only local or protective effect U 
desired. Of the various fats employed petrolatum does 
not penetrate the skin, while lanolin penetrates so read- 
ily that iodine or mercury may be conveyed by it 
through the skin, that their presence may be detected 
in the urine, shortly after inunction of such lanolin 
ointment. Between these two extremes are the vege- 
table and animal fats and oils which penetrate into the 
skin, thus cause such action as may be desired of the 
particular medicinal agent. 

Since animal and vegetable fats and oils easily become 
rancid and also are affected by chemical agents, such as the 
mercurials, the vehicle for these ointments is chiefly a mix- 
ture of equal parts of petrolatum and lanolin, which has the 
penetrating quality desired, but is immune from the effects 
of chemical agents, as well as effects of the light and at- 
mosphere, and these ointments thus prepared according to 
the official formulas will remain stable and fit for use. 
UNGUENTUM. Ointment (Simple ointment). White 

wax, 20; benzoinated lard, 80 parts. 

Uses: Emollient, protective. 
UNGUENTUM ACIDI BORICL Boric Acid, 10 per cent. 

Uses: Antiseptic. 
UNGUENTUM ACIDI TANNICL Tannic Acid, 20 per 

cent. 

Uses: Astringent. 
UNGUENTUM AQUJE ROS^. Cold Cream. 

Uses: Emollient, protective. 



AND NATIONAL FORMn.AKY. ll>7 

UNGUENTUM BELLADONNA. Ext. Belladonna. 10 
per cent. 
Uses: Anodyne, analgesic. 

Unguentum Calaminae, X. F. (Turner's Cerate.) Un- 
guent um Zinci Carbonatis (impuri). Calainine, 20 
per cent. 

Unguentum Camphorae, X. F. Camphor, 22 per cent. 

UNGUENTUM CHRYSAROBINI. Chrysarobin, 5 per 
cent. 
Uses: Antiparasitic (for ringworm) . 

UNGUENTUM DIACHYLON. Lead plaster. f>0: oil lav- 
ender, 1 ; olive oil, 49 parts. 

Unguentum Fuscum, X. F.- Unguentum Matris. Cam- 
phorated brown plaster. 2: olive oil, 1; suet, 1 part. 

UNGUENTUM GALLJB. Nutgall pulv., 20 per cent. 
Uses: Astringent. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRL Mercury, 50 per cent. 
Uses: Antiseptic, antiparisitic, antisyphilitic, dis- 
cutient. 

Dose: 4 Gm. (GO grs.) ; may be dispensed in dos- 
age form in paraffin paper. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRI AMMONIATI. Ammo- 
niated Mercury, 10 per cent. 
Uses: Antiparisitic, antisyphilitic. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRI DILUTUM. Popularly 
''Blue Ointment." Mercury. 33 per cent.; mixture 
of ung. hydrargyri, 2; petrolatum, 1 part. 
Uses: Parasiticide. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRI NITRATIS. Mercuric 
Xitrate, 10 per cent. 
Uses: Stimulant, alterative. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRI OXIDI FLA VI. Yellow 
mercuric oxide, 10 per cent. 
Uses: Alterative, stimulant, resolvent. 

This may be diluted to 1 or 2 per cent, by incorpora- 
tion with a vehicle consisting of equal parts lanolin and 
petrolatum. 

UNGUENTUM HYDRARGYRI OXIDI RUBRI. Red 
Mercuric Oxide, 10 per cent. Same as the preceding. 

UNGUENTUM IODL Iodine, 4 per cent. (Potassii 
Iodide, 4). 
Uses: Absorbent, alterative, discutient. 

UNGUENTUM IODOFORMI. lodoform. 10 per cent. 
Uses: Antiseptic. 

UNGUENTUM PHENOLIS. Carbolic Acid. 3 per cent. 
Uses: Antiseptic, protective. 

Unguentum Picis Compositum, X. F. Co in p. Tar Oint- 



168 MAXrAT, OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ment. Oil tar. 4; tr. benzoin. 2; zinc oxide, 2 parts, 

in 100 parts. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipruritic. 
UNGUENTUM PICIS LIQUID JE. Tar, 50 per cent. 

Uses: Antiparasitic. 
UNGUENTUM POTASSII IODIDL Potass, iodide, 10 

per cent. 

Uses: Absorbent, alterative, discutient. 
Unguentum Resorcini Compositum, N. F. (Soothing 

Ointment). Resorcinol, C; zinc oxide. 0; bismuth 

subnitrate, 0; oil cade, 12; petrolatum, lanolin, to 

100 parts. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipruritic. discutient. 

Similar in composition to several trade-articles, bavins 

the advantage of uniformity in composition and superior 

stability. 

UNGUENTUM STRAMONIL Ext. Stramonium, 10 pel- 
cent . 

Uses: Anodyne, analgesic. 
UNGUENTUM SULPHURIS. Washed Sulphur, 15 per 

cent. 

Uses: Antiparasitic. 
Unguentum Sulphuris Compositum, N. F. (Wilkinson's 

Ointment) (Hebra's Itch Ointment). Precip. cal- 
cium carbonate, 10; sublimed sulphur, 15; oil cade, 

15: soft soap, 30; lard, 30 parts. 

Uses: Antiseptic, antipruritic; in eczema. 
UNGUENTUM VERATRIN-ffi. Veratvine, 4 per cent. 

Uses: Anodyne, counter-irritant (caution). 
UNGUENTUM z'lNCI OXIDI. Zinc Oxide, 20 per cent. 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic. 
UNGUENTUM ZINCI STEARATIS. Zinc Stearatr. 50 

per cent. 

Uses: Antiseptic, emollient. 

Unguenta Extensa (Steatina) "Salve Mulls." 
(Crates of medicinal substances, spread on gauze or 
mull, to be applied to the skin, when prolonged pene- 
trating ellVcts are desired. The vehicle composed of 
benzoinated lard and suet, permits penetration into 
the skin, while the porous gauze permits perspiratory 
evaporation and thus prevents maceration of the epi- 
dermis. The following combinations are presented: 
Unguentum Creosoti Salicylatum Extensum, N. F. 

Creosote, 20 per cent.; salicylic acid. 10 per cent. 
Unguentum Hydrargyri Chloridi Corrosivi Extensum, N. 
F. Corrosive mercuric chloride, 0.2 per cent. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 160 

Unguentum Salicylatum Extensum, X. F. Salicylic acid, 

10 per cent. 
Unguentum Zinci Extensum. N. F. Zinc oxide, 10 per 

cent. 

UVA URSI. Leaves of Arctostaphylos Uva ursi. 
Uses: Antilithic, anticatarrhaf, diuretic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Uv* Ursi, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

VALERIANA. Roots of Valeriana ofncinalis. 
Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 "rains. 

Tinctura Valerians, U. S. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 
Tiiutura Valerian* Ammoniata, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc.. or 

30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Valerian*. U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or30 

minims. 

VANILLA. Fruit of Vanilla planifolia. 
Uses: Stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Tinctura Vanilho, I'. S. Mostlv as flavor. 
VANILLINUM Vanillin Methylprotocatechuic alde- 
hyde. Obtained from vanilla, or made artificially 
from orthodihydroxybenzene derivatives. 

Fine crystalline needles, soluble in 100 parts water, 
readily soluble in alcohol, ether, etc. 
Uses: Stimulant, tonic, aphrodisiac. 
Dose: 0.03 Gin., or \'., jrain. 
Tinctura Vanillini Composita, X. F. Flavor. 
VERATRINA. Mixture of alkaloid from Asagnra olli- 
cinalis (Stavesacre) ; should not be confused -with 
the active principles of Veratrum. 

(irayish-white, amorphous powder, practically insolu- 
ble in water (1750). soluble in 2.'2 parts alcohol. 3 parts 
other and in 1 part chloroform. 

Uses: Analgesic, diaphoretic, cardiac depressant; 
chiefly externally. 

Dose: 0.002 Gm., equal to 2 mg., or 1/30 grain. 
Oleatum Veratrin*, U. S. (2 per cent.). 
I'nguentum Veratrin*, U. S. (4 per cent.). 
VERATRUM (Veratrum Viride '90) .Rhizome Vera- 
trum viride and Veratrum album. 
When preparation of veratrum viride are desired, 
they should be specified: V. riridis. 

Uses: Cardiac depressant, diaphoretic, diuretic. 
Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 
Tinctura Veratri. U. S. VIII (10 per cent.). 

r.v'.'Tiox. This tinctinc has lu-cu reduced in strength 
from 40 per cent. (U. S. '00), to 10 per cent. (U. S. 



170 M.YXTAI. OF PHARMACOPEIA 

VIII. inn.-), and should be carefully designated to dis- 
tinguish the weaker from the stronger. 
Fluidextractum Yeratri, U. S. Dose: 0.1 Cc., or l\' s 

minim. 
VIBURNUM OPULUS. Bark Vilmnnnn ormlus. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative. 

Dose: 2 dm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Yiburni (')puli. U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 

30 minims. 

Elixir Viburni Opuli ( ompositum. X. F. 
Tinetura Viburni Opuli Composita. X. V. 
VIBURNUM PRUNIFOLIUM. Bark Viburnum pruni- 

folium. 

Uses: Uterine sedative and tonic. 

Dose: -2 dm., or 30 -rains. 
Fluidextractum Viburni Prunifolii, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., 

or 30 minims. 

Flixir Viburni Prunifolii. X". F. 
VINUM ALBUM White Wine. Alcohol, 8.5 to 15 per 

cent, by volume. 
VINUM RUBkUM Red Wine. Alcohol. 8.5 to 15 per 

cent, by volume. 

VINA VINA MEDICATA (Medicated Wines).. 
Solution of medicinal substances in wine, usually 
sweetened and fortified by addition of alcohol. With one 
exception (Vinum Cocae) White \Vine is used owing to 
its containing less tannin than red wine, which would 
discolor with iron compounds and also precipitate alka- 
loi'ls, tartar emetic, etc. 

VINUM ANTIMONIL Tartar Emetic. 0.4 dm. in 100 Cc. 
Uses: Diaphoretic, expectorant, emetic. 
Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims (containing 0.4 dm. in 
100 Cc., or 0.04 dm. in 10 Cc., or 0.004 dm., equal to 
4 mg. (1/10 gr.) in 1 Cc.). 

Mistnra dlycyrrhi/a- ( 'omposita. Dose: S Cc., or 2 
Ihiidrams. 

Vinum Aurantii, X". F. Wine of Orange. 
Vinum Aurantii Compositum, X. F. -(Elix. Aurantii 
Comp., der. Ph.). 
Uses: Bitter tonic, stomachic. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 iluidram. containing about 0.3 dm. 
(5 grs.) bitter orange peel, 0.1 (I 1 /.' rs -) each absin- 
thium (wormwood), menyanthes (buck bean), casca- 
rilla and 0.06 (1 gr.) each cinnamon and gentian in 
wine. 
Vinum Carnis, X. F. Wine of Beef. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 171 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing about 0.25 
Gra. (or 4 grs.) extract of beef. 

NOTE. It should be remembered that wine of beef, 
containing only the soluble principles of beef, does not 
represent the nutritive properties of beef. 
Vinum Carnis et Ferri, N. F. Beef, Wine and Iron. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing about 0.25 
Gm. (4 grs.) extract of beef, and 0.25 Cc. (4 minims) 
tincture citro-chloride of iron. See also Vinum Carnis. 
Vinum Carnis, Ferri et Cinchonas, N. F. 

Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, containing 0.13 Gm. (2 
grs.) extract of beef, 0.128 Cc. (2 minims) tincture 
citro-chloride of iron and small quantities of cinchona 
alkaloids. See also Vinum Carnis. 
VINUM COCJE. Vin. Erythroxylon. 

Uses: Nerve stimulant, muscle invigorator. Of 
definite strength and uniform composition, it should 
be given the preference over a well-known trade arti- 
cle, which is exploited through testimonials from the 
"crowned heads of Europe." 

Dose: 16 Cc., or 4 fluidrams, representing about 1 
Gm. (15 grs.) coca in red wine. 
Vinum Cocse Aromaticum, N. F. 

Uses: Cerebral tonic, stimulant. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, represent about 0.25 
Gm. (4 grs.) coca with aromatics. 

VINUM COLCHICI SEMINIS. U. S. VIII, 10 per cent. 

CAUTION. The strength of this wine was 15 per cent. 

(U. S. VII, '90) and care should be observed in properly 

designating it, since it has been reduced one-third, or 

to 10 per cent. 

Uses: Alterative, antirheumatic, diuretic. 
Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims (0.2 Gm., or 3 grs. col- 
chicum ) . 

VIXUM COLCHICI RADICIS : (U. S. VII, '90) 40 per 
cent., four times the strength of the wine colchicum seed, 
was dropped from the U. S. P. VIII, 190.",. 
VINUM ERGOT-. Fluidextract Ergot, 20 Cc. in 100 Cc. 
Uses: Emmenagogue, hemostatic, oxytocic. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams (1.5 Gm., or 24 grains 
ergot). 

VINUM FERRI (Vinum Ferri Citratis, '90). 
Uses: Mild hematinic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, containing 0.4 Gm., or 5 
grains iron ammonium citrate. 
VINUM FERRI AMARUM. Bitter Wine of Iron. 

Uses: Chalybeate tonic. 

Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, containing 0.4 Gm., or 
6 grains soluble iron quinine citrate. 



172 MANUAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

Vinum Fraxini Americans, N. F. White Ash Winp. 
Uses: Alterative, tonic, emmenagogue. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 2 Gin. (30 
grs.) white ash bark. 

VINUM IPECACUANHA. Fluidextract Ipecac., 10 Cc. 
in 100 Cc. 

Uses: Expectorant, emetic. 

Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 minims, representing 0.1 Gm. 
(ly 2 grs.) ipecac. 

VINUM OPIL Opium pulv., 10 Gm. in 100 Cc., with 
Saigon cinnamon and cloves, each, 1 Gm. 
Uses: Anodyne, antispasmodic, cerebrospinal de- 
pressant. 

Dose: 0.5 Cc., or 8 minims (0.05 or % gr. opium). 
Vinum Pepsini, N. F. Pepsin Wine. 
Uses: Stomachic digestant. 

Dose: 8 Cc.. or 2 fluidrams, represent 0.125 Gm. (2 
grs.) pepsin, U. S. P. 
Vinum Picis, X. F. Wine of Tar. 

Uses: Antiseptic, diaphoretic, expectorant. 
Dose: 8 Cc., or 2 fluidrams, representing about 0.3 
Gm. (5 grs.) tar. 

Vinum Pruni Virginianae, X. F. Wild Cherry W 7 ine. 
Uses: Tonic, sedative, astringent. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 1 Gm. (15 
grs.) wild cherry bark. 
Vinum Pruni Virginianae Ferratum, N. F. 
Uses: Chalybeate tonic, sedative. 
Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram, representing 1 Gm. (15 
;f ff$.) wild cherry bark, and 0.3 Cc. (5 minims) tincture 
citro -chloride iron. 

XANTHOXYLUM. Bark of Xanthoxylum americanum. 
Uses: Alterative, carminative, diaphoretic. 
Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 grains. 
Fluidextractum Xanthoxyli, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 

minims. 

ZEA (Corn Silk Stigma Maydis). Fresh styles and 
stigmas of Zea May*. 
Uses: Antilithic, anticatarrhal, diuretic. 
Fluidextractum Zeae, N. F. Dose: 4 Cc., or 1 fluidram. 

ZINC COMPOUNDS. 

All the Zinc compounds, except the carbonate and 
oxide, are very soluble in water and are regarded as 
poisonous. 

Poison. Antidotes: Alkaline carbonates, tannin, 

emetics, stimulants. 



AXD NATIONAL FORMULARY. 173 

ZINCI ACETAS. Zinc Acetate. 

Soft white plates, soluble in !2.r> parts water. .".r> 
parts alcohol. 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic, alterative; externally 
in solution, 1 per cent.; collyria, 2 to 5 per mille (0.2- 
0.5 per cent.) . 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains, (rarely internally). 
Oleatum Zinci, N. F. 
ZINCI BROMIDUM Zinc Bromide ZnBr 2 . 

White granular powder, readily soluble in water or in 
alcohol. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, nerve sedative; in pill or dos- 
age powder form, capsule, etc. 

Dose: 0.125 Cm., or 2 grains. 

ZINCI CARBONAS PR^CIPITATUS Precipitated Zinc 
Carbonate. 

Impalpable white powder, insoluble in water or al- 
cohol. 

Uses: Astringent, antiseptic, styptic; dusting pow- 
der, ointments. 
Unguentum Calamince, N. F. 
ZINCI CHLORIDUM Zinc Chloride ZnCl. 

White .Granular powder, or fused mass, so very deli- 
quescent that the official solution should preferably be 
used by taking twice the weight required of the salt. 
Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, escharotic. 
Liquor Zinci Chloridi, U. S. (50 per cent.). 

CATTIOX. Solutions for injection should not exceed 
0.2 per cent, in strength. 
ZINCI IODIDUM Zinc Iodide ZnI 2 . 

White granular powder, readily soluble in water, 
alcohol or ether. 

Uses: Alterative, antiseptic, astringent, (rarely in- 
ternally) . 

Dose: 0.065 Gm.. or 1 grain. 
Zinci Oleo-Stearas, X. F. Zinc Oleo-Stearate. 

Fine dry powder, of about equal parts of Zinc Oleate 
and Stearate. 

Uses: Absorbent, protective, astringent, antiseptic, 
dusting powder. 
ZINCI OXIDUM Zinc Oxide ZnO. 

White fine amorphous powder, insoluble in water or 
alcohol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, nervine, (rarely inter- 
nally). 

Dose: 0.250 Gm., or 4 grains. 
Vnguentum Zinci Oxidi, U. S. (20 per cent.). 
Unguent um K\ten>a. X. F. Glycerogelatina, N. F. 
Pasta Zinci, N. F. 



174 MANTAL OF PHARMACOPEIA 

ZINCI PHENOLSULPHONAS Zinci Snlphocarbolas 
Zinc Paraphenolsulphonate. 

Transparent prisms, or tabular crystals, on exposure* 
to air and light acquiring- a pink tint, soluble in 1.7 
parts water or in alcohol. 

Uses: Antiseptic, astringent, antizymotic; exter- 
nally in solution, % to 1- per cent, in water. 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains, (rarely internally). 
ZINCI STEARAS Zinc Stearate. 

Very line white powder, insoluble in water, alcohol, 
etc., readily iniscible with oils and fats. 
Uses: Antiseptic dusting powder, and in 
Unguentum Zinci Stearatis, U. S. (50 per cent.). 
ZINCI SULPHAS Zinc Sulphate White Vitriol. 

Transparent crystals, or granular crystalline powder, 
soluble in less than its weight of water (0.53), in about 
:> parts glycerin, insoluble in alcohol. 
Uses: Astringent, antiseptic, styptic, emetic; exter- 
nally in solution % to 2 per cent,; collyria, 2 per mille. 
(0.2 per cent.). 

Dose: Emetic, 1 Cm., or 15 grains; rarely inter- 
nally in pill form except as emetic. 
Liquor Zinci et Ferri Compositus, X. F. 
Liquor Zinci et Alumini Compositus, N. F. 
Similar to "Injection Brou:" 

R. Zinci sulphatis gr. xv 1 1 

Plumbi acetatis gr. xxx 21 

Fluidextracti krameria? 

Vini opii, aa fl. 3iii ll'l 

Aqua? sterilatae, q. s. ad fl. 3vi 180 1 

M. Sig. : Use as injection two to four times daily 
after urinating. 

ZINCI VALERAS Zinc Valerate (Zinci Valeriana*. 
'90). 

White pearly scales, soluble in 58 parts water, :',." 
parts alcohol. 

Uses: Antispasmodic, nervine, antidiabetic; in pill 
form, associated with quinine, etc. 

Dose: 0.125 Gm., or 2 grains. 
Elixir Zinci Valerianatis, N. F. 

ZINCUM Zinc (metal) Zn. Must be free from ar- 
senic. 

ZINGIBER Ginger. Rhizome Zingiber officinale. 
Uses: Aromatic, stimulant, stomachic tonic. 
Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 

Tinctura Zingiberis, U. S. Dose: 2 Cc., or 30 minims. 
Fluidextractum Zingiberis, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 15 

minims. 

Oleoresina Zingiberis, U. S. Dose: 0.03 Gm., or % 
grain. 



AND NATIONAL FORMULARY. 175 

Syrupus Zingiberis, U. S. Dose: 16 Cc,. or 4 

fluidrams. 
Pulvis Rhei Compositus, U. S. Dose: 2 Gm., or 30 

grains. 

Pulvis Aromaticus, U. S. Dose: 1 Gm., or 15 grains. 
Fluidextractum Aromaticum, U. S. Dose: 1 Cc., or 

15 minims. 
Liquor Zingiberis, N. F. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX 

[The appropriate strength of solutions is indicated by fig- 
ures in parentheses ; the proportions have largely been given 

as parts in 500, as these figures approximately represent 

grains per ounce.] 

AIJKASION : Collodiurn flexile, 34 ; arnica tr., 159 ; emplast. 
plunibi, 49 ; ung. acidi borici, 166 ; see also dusting 
powders. 

ACIIVLIA GASTKICA : Acidum hydrochloricum dil., 4; liquor 
pepsini, 8.j ; pancreatinum, 108, 85. 

ACNE : Sulphur. 147, 168 ; calx sulphurata, 25 liq., 81 ; 
sapo mollis, 135 : lin.. 78; tr. co., 163; zinci stearas, 
U4; hydrargyrum ammoniatum, 72. 

AFTKU PAINS : Camphora monobromata, 26 ; ergota, 52, fl. 
ext., 60 ; gelsemiuui. 6'.~> ; viburnum, 170. 

ALCOHOL.IC INTOXICATION : Apomorphina as emetic, 14 ; 
ammonii carbonas, 11; spts. ammonia? arom., 142; caffeina, 
-'.\ : strychnina, 145; capsicum (tr.), 159. 

ALOPECIA: Cantharis, tr. (1 part in 8 of castor oil), 159; 
chrysarobinum (ung.), 167; hydrarg. chlor, cor. (2 parts 
in 500). 71; resorcinol (6 parts in 500), 132; oleum ros- 
marini, 106; pilocarpus (flext.), 62; quinina, 130. 

AMENORRHEA : From Anemia, pil. aloes et ferri, 115 ; myrrha 
in mist, ferri co., 95 ; mangani dioxidum, 91 ; potassii per- 
manganas. 12:;. From Atoni/, cantharis (tr.), 159. From 
Cold, hedeoma, 70 ; sabina, 134. From Toxemia, myrrha 
in tr. aloes et myrrhae, 159; pil. aloes et myrrha?, 115. 

ANALGESICS : Esternally, belladonna (emp.), 48, lin.. 78, 
ung., 167 ; lin. opii co., 78 ; menthol, 92 ; yeratrina, 169, 
oleat. 100, ung., 168. Internally, acetanilidum, 1. pulv. 
co., 125 ; acetphenetidinum, 2 ; antipyrina, 13 ; atropina, 
18 : camphora, 26 ; chloralformamidum, 29 ; chloral hydra- 
turn. 20 : chloroformum. 30, elix., 40, emuls., 50 ; elixir 
sodii salicylatis, 47 ; guarana, 69 ; hyoscin, 73 ; mistura 
chloral! et potassii bromidi comp.. 94 ; opium and its de- 
rivatives. 107, 97, 33 ; spiritus etheris co., 142. 

ANAPHBODISIACS : Bromides, 89, 120, 139, 145; camphora 
monobromata. 26 ; hyoscin. 73 ; lupulin, 90. 

A.NK.MIA : Chlorosis, pil. ferri carb., 117; mist, ferri co., 95; 
ferrum reductum, 58 ; liq. ferri albuminati, 82. With Con- 
stipation, pil. aloes et ferri, 115. With Gastrointestinal 
A ton}/, syr. ferri, quin.. et strych. phos., 152; or various 
elixirs of iron, see pp. 42 and 43. Pernicious, arsenic, 79, 
-6 ; pil. metallorurn, 117. Malarial, pil. ferri et quin. 
comp., 118 ; elixir of iron, quinine and strychnine, 43. 
Syphilitic, hydrarg. chlor. corros., 71. 

ANKSTHETICS : General, a?ther. 9; sethylis chloridum, 10; 
chloroform, 30. Local, aconitum (flext.), 59; aconitina, 8, 
oleatum, 100 ; cocaina, 32, oleatum, 100 ; menthol, 92 ; 
phenol, 112 : oleum carbolatum, 103. 

ANCINA PKCT<>I:IS: For attack, amyl nitris, 13; antipyrina, 
13; chloroform inhalations. 30; morphina. 98. liq.. 64; 
spts. etheris co., 142. For Treatment of Interval, digitalis, 
38 ; potassii iodidum, 123 ; sodii nitris, 141 ; spts. glycer- 
ylis, nitrat.. 143. 

ANTACIDS: [In parentheses are given the amounts (in 
grams) necessary to neutralize 0.728 Gm. of absolute HC1, 
which is approximately equivalent to the amount of free 
IIC1 in 500 c.c., or one pint, of stomach contents.] Calcii 



178 TIIKRAPEUTIC INDEX. 

carbonas precipitatus (1.0), 24; calx (0.5G). 25: crola 
preparata (1.0), 37; liquor calcis (492.), 81; magma mag- 
nesise (11.6), 90; magnesii carbonas. (0.84), 90: magnesii 
oxidum (.40). 90; mistura creta? (16.6), 95; mistura rhei 
composita (47.0), 96; mistura rhei et sodse (47.0), 96; 
mistura soda? et menthae (33. 6"). 96; sodii bicarbonas 
(1.68), 138; potassii bicarbonas (2.0), 120; pulvis cretae 
aromaticus (4.3), 126; pulvis cretae aromaticus cum opio 
(4.3), 126; pulvis rhei comp. (0.62), 129; pulvis rhei 
anisatus (0.66), 129. 

ANTINETJBALGIC : For Immediate Kclicf, acetanilidum, 1 ; 
acetphenetidum, 2 : antipyrina, 13 ; camphora monobro- 
mata, 26 ; conium, 35 ; elixir caffeinae, 40 ; elixir guaranae, 
42. 44 ; gelsemium. 65. Externally, oleatum aconittnse, 
100; prescription, 13. Constitution*! Treatment, arsenic 
trioxidum. 17, liq., 79, 86, 87 ; iron preparations. 55 ; 
salts of quinin, 130 ; strychnine. 145 : pil. antineuralg., 116. 

ANTIPARASITIC : Chrysarobinum (ung.). 167; hydrargyrum 
ammoniatum, 72 ; ung. hydrarg., 167 : oleum cadinum, 
104 ; pyrogallol, 130 ; staphisagria, 144 ; sulphuris iodidum. 
147; ung. picis liquidae, 168: ung. sulphuris, 168. 

ANTIPERIODICS : See preparations of arsenic, cinchona, euca- 
lyptus, quinin. Mistura splenetica. 96 ; pilula antiperiod- 
ica, 116 ; tinctura antiperiodica, 158 . 

ANTIPYRETICS : Acetanilidum, 1 ; acetphenetidinum. 2 ; 
aconitum. 8; antipyrina. 13; creosotum, 36; guaiacol, 69; 
methyl th Ion inffi hydrochloridum, 93 : resorcinol. 132 ; sodii 
benzoas, 138; quinine salts, 130: veratrum, 16*9. 

ANTISEPTICS: [Proportion in which they inhibit growth of 
micro-organisms is given in parenthesis.] Acetanilidum, 1 : 
acid, aceticum, 2; acid, benzoicum (1 part in 900). 2; 
acid, boricum (1 part in 143). 2; acid, citricum, 3: acid 
hydrochlor. (1 part in 3,500), 4; acid, hydrocyan. (1 part 
m 2,500), 4: acid, lacticum, 4; acid, nitricum 5 ; acid sali- 
cylicum (1 part in 1,000). 5; acid, sulphuricum (1 part in 
2.500), 6: acid, sulphurosum (1 part in 2.000). 7; acid, 
tannicum (1 part in 200), 7: alumini acetas (1 part in 
5,000), 11: aqua hydrogenii dioxidi (1 part in 700). 15: 
aqua hamamelidis. 15; argenti nitras (1 part in 12.500), 
16; arseni trioxidum (1 part in 133), 17: balsam, peru., 
19 ; balsam, tolu.. 19 ; bismuthi subsalicylas. 22 ; calx 
chlorinata (1 part in 1.000), 29: calx sulphurata. 29; 
cataplasma kaolini, 28; chloral hydratum (1 part in loll. 
29; copaiba. 36: creosotum (1 part in 3,000), 36; cresol. 
36 ; eucalyptol. 52 ; guaiacolis carbonas, 69 ; hydrargyri 
chloridum corrosivum (1 part in 14.300). 71: hydrargyri 
iodidum rubrum (1 part in 40,000). 72: iodine (1 part in 
4,000), 75; iodoform, 74: liquor formaldehydi (1 part in 
10,000), 83; naphthol (1 part in 10,000). 21: ol. tere- 
binth. (1 part in 200), 107: phenol (1 part in 333). 112: 
plumbi nitras (1 part in 277), 119: potassii permangamis 
1 part in 300), 123: zinci chloridum (1 part in 500). IT.".. 
Gastric, acid, hydrochlor. dil., 4 : sodii salicylas, 141 ; resor- 
cinol, 132. Intextinal, bismuth compounds, 21 ; beta- 
naphthol, 21 ; guaiacolis carbonas, 69 ; hydrargyri chlor. 
mite. 71; liquor iodi carbolatus. 84; naphthalenum, 100; 
phenylis salicylas, 112. Oral, liq. alumin. acet., 79 ; liq. 
antisept., 80 ; liq. antisept. alk., 80 ; liq. sod. boratis. 
comp., 87: myrrha (tr.). 99, 162; phenol. 112. UrcMtnil, 
copaiba, 36; cubebs, 37; hexamethylenamina, 70. I'rin- 
ary, acidum benzoicum, 2 ; acldum salicylicuiu, 5 : hexa- 
methylenamina, 70 ; eucalyptol, 52 : phenylis salicylas, 112. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 179 

Vcif/inal, liq. antisepticus. 80 : cresol, 36 : liq. cresolis 
comi).. 81 : pulvis antisepticus. 120 ; phenol. 111. 

A.vnspAs.MoMcs : A(|. sedativa, 10: asafotida. 18 emuls.. 
50 tr. 159 pil.. llti; belladonna, lit; bromoform. 22 : 
camphora, 20 : chloroform. 3<) : elixirs of the bromides, 
chloroform, valerian, etc.. mistura chloroform} et cannabis 
indict comp., 94 : moschus, 99 ; oleatum atrop-inae, 100 ; 
oleum cajuputi, 104 ; paraldehydum. 109 ; potassium and 
other bromides, 89. 120, 139, 145 ; sumbul, 147 ; valeriana, 
10! : viburnum, 170. 

ANTS FISSURED: Collodium (flex.), 34; iodoform (sup.), 
74: potass, bromidum. locally <90 parts in 500). 120: sul- 
phur as a laxative, 147. 127 ; stramonium, 144 ; unguen- 
tum hydrarg. nitratis. 107. 

APHONIA: Alum (spray. 4 parts in 500), 11; argenti nitras 
(10 parts in 500), locally, 16. 

ArnTiiAE : Acid, boricum. 2 : acid, tannicum. 7 : geranium. 66 ; 
mel rosa?. 92;-potassii chloras. 121; salvia, 135; tinct. 
myrrha?, 162 : zinci sulphas. 173. 

APPETITE IMPAIRED : Bitters in solution, especially quassia, 
calumba. tr. cinchona? co.. gontian. elixir gentianae glycer- 
inatum. 43: alcohol in small doses (spir. frumenti). 10: 
calomel. 71 : nitre-muriatic acid. 5. or capsicum, 27. in 
convalescence: eupatorium. 53 (elixiri cinchona, quinine, 
etc.). 

ARDOR URINAE : Buchu (inf.). 23; alk. diuretics, liq. potass. 
citrat. 86: liq. sodii citratis. 87; hyoscyamus (tr.), 101. 

ARSENIC POISONING : Ferri hydroxidum cum magnesii oxido, 
56. 

ARTHRITIS: E,rternalltt. methyl salicylas. 93: sodii bicarb.. 
138 ; veratrina? ung. as counter-irritant, 168 : charta sina- 
pis, 29 ; tr. iodi. 161. 

ASCARIDES : For I mined late Relief, acetum, 2; aloes, 10; 
hydrarg. (ung.), 167; quassia (infus.), as enema, 130; 
sod. chlor. 

ASPHYXIA : Ammonia, 14. 

ASTHMA: Relief of F<iro.ri/xi>i . chloroform inhalation, 30: 
amyl nitris. 13 ; cocaina. 32 ; bromides ; belladonna. 19 : 
lobdia. 89 ; grindelia. (is ; uiorphina. 98 : potassii nitras. 
123: (charta dipped in a 30 per cent, solution and dried. 
Use as a cigarette or burn in room). Treatment of Inter- 
ral. iodides. 123; nitrites. 141; spiritus glycerylis nitratis. 
143. 

ASTRINGENTS : These are the salts of copper, iron, lead or 
zinc or vegetable preparations containing tannic acid. 

ATONY: Of Intestines, atropina, 18; calumba, 25; physo- 
stigma, 114; strychnina, 145. Of xtoma,--}i. nux vomica, 
100: strychnina. 145. Of I'ti'nt*. ergota. 52: hydrastis 
73 ; hydr'astina. 72 : hydrastininae hydrochloridum, '73. 

AURAL VBBTIGO : I'ilocarpina. 114. 

BA^.ANITIS : Argenti nitras (1 part in 500), 16; liq. plumbi 
svbacetatis dil., 85 ; acidum tannicum, 7, or zinci oxidnm. 
11?, as a dusting powder. 

BALttvEss : See ALOPECIA. 

BATTI^V FLUID : Liquor electropceicus, 81. 

BED StfUEs : To Abort, argenti nitras (4 parts in 500), 16; 
sod. cMor., 140 in spts. frumenti, 143 (8 parts in 500) ; 
alumen 11; catechu with lead sub acetate and glycerin. 
To 1'roriote Healing, emplast. plumbi, 49 ; emplast saponis, 
49; tr. henzoini comp., 159; zinci oxidum (ung.), 168. 

BILIARY O,LIC : Atropina, 18; chloroform, 30; morphina, 98; 
oleum olivae, 103. 

BITES UF INSECTS, REPTILES, ETC. : Of Insects, aqua ammo- 



180 THERAPEUTIC INDEX 

niae, 14 ; aqua hamamelidis, 15. Of Rabid Animals, iodum, 
75; liq. iodi causticus, 84. Of snakes (externally), aqua 
ammonise, 14 ; argenti nitras, 16 ; iodum, 75 ; potass, per 
mangan., 123. Internally, alcohol (spir. frumenti), 10; 
glandulse suprarenales siccae, 66. 

BITTER TONICS : Elixirs of cinchona, of gentian, of taraxa- 
cum comp. tinct. calumb., cinchon., quassia, mix vomica, 
infus. quassia, salts of quinine, strychnine, etc. 

BLACK HEADS : See COMEDO. 

BLADDER: Chronic Catarrh of (internally), buchu, 23; uva 
ursi (inf.), 169; to acidify urine, acid, benzoic or boric, 2 ; 
copaiba, 36 ; cubeba, 37 ; ol. santali. 107 ; ol. terebinth., 
107 : hexamethylenamina, 70 ; alk. diur. to dissolve mucus ; 
cantharis (tr.), 159; strychnina, 145; phenylis salicylas, 
112. (Locally), acid, boric, 2; argenti nitras (1 or 2 
parts in 500), 16; hydrarg. corros. (1 part in 10.000), 71. 
Irritable, belladonna, 19 ; chondrus, 30 mucil., 99 ; humu- 
lus, 70 elix.. 44; linum. (inf.), 78; potass bromidum, 
120. Paralysis of, cantharis (tr.), 159: strychnina, 14.~. 
Spasm of, atropma. 18; belladonna, 19; cocaina, 32; 
morphina (supp.), 98. 

BLEPHARITIS : Non-ulcerative, to remove crusts, sod. bicarb., 
138, or sod. bor., 139 (8 parts in 500), or chloral hydra- 
turn (25 parts in 500). 29; ung. hydrarg. oxid. flav., 167. 
Ulcerative, argenti nitras to ulcers, 16 ; ung. hydrarg. oxid. 
flav., 167. Caution. 

BLEPHAROSPASM : Atropina, 18 ; conium, 35 ; gelsemium, 60 ; 
potassii bromidum, 120. 

BLISTERS : To Heal, cerates, 28, 29 : cetacei ; plumbi sub- 
acet. ; resinse. sabinae. ung. zinci oxidi, 168. To Produce. 
acid, aceticum, 2 : cantharid, cerat., 28 ; collod. cantharid, 34. 

BLOOD PRESSURE: To Diminish, aconitum, 8; alcohol, 10; 
amyl nitris, 13 ; sodii nitris. 141 ; spts. glycerylis nitratis, 
143 ; veratrum, 169. To Increase, ammonia, caffeina, digi- 
talis, ergota, strychnina. 

BLOODY URINE : See HEMATURIA. 

BOILS : To Abort, inject a few drops of phenol (25 parts in 
500) : paint skin with argenti nitras (20 parts in 500), 
and follow by collodium. To Relieve Pain, belladonna 
(ung.). Internally, calx sulphurate. 

BREASTS INFLAMED: Belladonna (emplast. or ung.), 19, 48, 
167. 

BREATH FETID : Aq. hydrog. diox., 15 ; potass, permangan. 
(3 parts in 500), 123. 

BROMIDE ERUPTION : Arseni triox. ; liq. potass, arsen., 17. 

BROMIDROSIS : Chromii trioxidum (40 parts in 500), 31; liq. 
formaldehyde (10 parts in 500) ; potass, permang. (1 to 3 
parts in 500) ; equal parts of acid, salicyl. and amylum 
as a dusting powder. 

BRONCHIAL SECRETION : To Promote, ipecac., 75 : apomorph., 
14 ; antimony, 13 ; lobelia, 89 ; potass, cit.. 122 ; ammonii 
chloridum, 12. To Lessen, senega, 136; pix liquida, 138; 
terebene, 157. Antiseptics for, cubeba, 37 ; eucalyptus, 52 ; 
creasotum, 36 ; guaiacol, 69. 

BRUISES : See CONTUSIONS. 

BUBO: Iodum (tr.), 75. 

BUNIONS : Acid tannicum, 7 ; liq. plumbi subacet, 85 ; acid, 
salicyl.. 5. 

BURNING URINE. See ARDOR URINAE. 

BURNS: Lin. calcis, 78: phenol (25 parts in 500). 111. 

CALCULUS: Biliary (See BILIARY COLIC), ol. olivse, 103: 
pulvis salis carolini eff., 129 : sal. carol, fact., 134 : sodii 
phos., 141 ; sodii salicyl., 141. Urinary, If phosphatic, 



THERAPEUTIC 7NDEX. 181 

acidify urine by benzoic acid, 1 : if uric, make urine alka- 
line ov neutral by potass, cit. (liq.). st'.. 

CANCRUM ORIS : Boric acid, 2; bismuthi subnltraa, 22: /.inc. 
sulph., 174. 

CARBUNCLE: To abort, phenol (8 parts in 500), hypoder- 
mically. 111. 

CARDIAC SEDATIVES : Acid, hydrocyan., 4 ; aconite, 9 ; anti- 
mony, 13 ; gelsemium, 65 ; veratruin, ll>9. 

CARDIAC STIMULANT: Alcohol (spir. vinigallici), 10; am- 
monia, 14 ; ether, 9 ; caffeina, 23 ; camphora, 26 ; spar- 
teinia, 141 ; strychnina. 145. 

CARDIAC TONICS : Convallaria, 35 ; digitalis, 38 ; strophan- 
thus, 145. 

CARMINATIVES: Camphor. 26; cardamom. 27: cinnamon. 32: 
aqua foeniculi. 15 : aqua menthse piperltae, 15 ; elixir anisi. 
39: elixir chloroform! comp., '40; elixir rubi comp., 47: 
mistura camphors aromatica, 94 : mlstura sassafras et 
opii, 96; mistura sodii et menthje. 96: oleum cari. 105; 
oleum caryophylli. 105 ; oleum cinnamoni. 105 ; oleum 
menthffi pip., 106 ; oleum thymi. 107: pulvis cretse aromat., 
126 : pulv. rhei et rnagnesise anisatus, 129 ; spiritus am- 
moniae aromaticus. 142. 

CATARRH : Xasal, see NASAL CATARRH. 

CATHARTICS : Laxative, confectio sennae, 35 : elix. rhamni 
pnirsh.. 46 : elix. rhei, 46 ; elix. rhei et magnesii acetat., 
46 : fel bovis pur., 55 : frangula. 64 ; magma magnesiae. 90 ; 
pulv. rhei et mag. anis, 129 : pulv. rhei. co., 129 ; rhamnus 
pursh. (cascara), 132: sodii phos., 141: syrupus rhei. 155. 
Purgatlre, aloe, 10 ; elix. cathart. co.. 40 : emuls. olei 
ricini. 51 : hydra rg. chlor. mite. 71 : massa hydrarg.. 92 : 
ol. ricini, 103 : pilulae. 114. 115 : artificial mineral waters, 
129 ; resina podophylli. 132 : rheum. 133 : senna. 137 ; 
pulv. glycyrr. co., 127 : syrup sennae aromat.. 156 ; Hydra- 
gogue, magnesii sulphas. 91 : potass, et sod. tart., 123 ; 
potass, sulph., 123 ; pulvis jalap, comp.. 127 ; sod. sulph., 
141. Drastic, colocynthis.' 35: elaterinum (trit.), 38: 
oleum tiglii, 103 ; resina jalapse, 132 ; resina scammonii, 
132. 

CAUSTICS: Acid, nitricum, 5: alum. 11: alumini sulphas. 
11 : argenti nitras, 16 ; chromii trioxidum, 31 ; potassi 
hydroxidum. 122. 

CERUMEN: To soften, sodii bicarb. (20 parts in 500), 138; 
sodii boras (20 parts in 500). 139; glycerin. 66. 

CHAPIXG : Acid, boricum, 2 ; amylum, 13 ; bismuthi sub- 
nitras. 22; camphora. 26; creta preparata, 37; talcum, 
156 ; zinci carbonas, 173 ; zinci oxidum, 173. 

CHANCRES : Hydrarg. chlor. mite'. 71. 

CHANCROID : Acid, nitricum. undiluted as caustic 5 : hy- 
drarg. chlor. mite, 71 ; iodoform, 75 ; iodolum, 75 ; zinci 
oxidum with bismuth subnitrate, 173. 

CHAPPING : Calcii carbonas precip., 24. plus camphora, 26 ; 
magnesia, 90 : ung. aq. rosae, 166 : zinci carbonas, 17o. 

CHILBLAINS: Alum (20 parts in 500), 11; capsicum (tr.), 
27; ung. iodi. 167. 

CHLOASMA : Acid, lacticum (25 to 100 parts in 500), 4. 

CHLOROSIS : See ANEMIA. 

CHOLERA : Acid, sulphuricum, 6 ; camphora, 26 ; mist, cam- 
phorae acida, 94 ; opium, 108. 

CHOLERA INFANTUM : Atropina (0.00008 Gm.. grain 1/800) 
with morphine (0.0006 Gm., 1/100 grain), for an infant 
one year old. used cautiously. (Rotch.) 

CHORDEE : Camphor, 26 ; humulus. 70 ; opium. 107 ; potass, 
bromidum, 120; belladonna (sup. or ung.). 1!). 



182 THERAPEUTIC INDEX 

CHOREA: Arseni trioxidum, 17: camphora monobromata, 26; 
chloral hydratum, 29 ; cimicifuga, 31 ; potassii bromidum, 
120; quinina, 131; sodii salicylas, 141. 

CINCHONISM : Acid, hydrobrom. dil., 4 ; potass, broiuidum, 
120 elix., 46. 

COLD SORES : See HERPES. 

COLDS : See CORYZA. 

COLORING AGENTS : Red, Carmine, coccus, 33 ; tr. cardamom, 
co., 159; tr. persionis (5 parts in 500), 162. Brown, glyc- 
yrrhiza, 68; tr. persionis co. 16*2. Yellotc, tr. bydrastis, 
161. 

COLIC, BILIARY : See BILIARY COLIC. Intestinal atropina, 
18; belladonna, 19: chloroformum (aq., spts.), 30; mentha 
pip. (aq. spts.), 92: mistura, chloroform! et cannabis in- 
dicae co., 94 : morphina, 98 ; spts. a?tueris co.. 142. Lead. 
atropina, 18; chloroformum. 30; morphina, 98; magnesii 
sulphas. 91. Renal, morphina (liq.), 84; atropina. is; 
chloroformum, 30. 

COLI.APSK : See SHOCK. 

COMA : Oleum tiglii, 108 ; oxygen ; potassii bitartras, 120 ; 
sinapis, 137. 

COMEDO: Sulphur: liq. calcis sulphur, 81; ung. sulph., 168. 

CONDYLOMATA : Calomel as dusting powder, 71. 

CONJUNCTIVITIS : Acid, boricum plus aqua camphovse, or 
aqua rosae (5 to 25 parts in 500) ; sodii boras (pre.), 139; 
argenti nitras (1 part in 1,000 to 10 parts in 500), 16; 
zinci sulph. (2 parts in 500), 174. 

CONSTIPATION : Acute, see CATHARTICS. Acute with bilious- 
ness, prescription. 55. 71. Chronic, atonic, aloe, 10; p-odo- 
phyllum, 119 ; pil. laxativ. comp.. 117 : pil. aloin. strych. 
et bell., 115: elixir rhamni pursh.. 4(5. Xpaxtic, oleum 
olivae, 103 ; belladonna, 19 ; enemata of oleum gossypii 
sem., 102. 

CONTUSIONS: Ammonii Chloridum (sat. sol.), 12; aqua ham- 
amelidis, 15; arnic (tr.), 17; liq. plumbi subacet. dil., 85. 

CONVULSIONS: Amyl nitris, 13; chloroform (inhalation), 
30 ; belladonna, 19 ; chloral hydratum, 29 ; mistura chloral, 
et potass, bromidi, 94. 

CORNEAL ULCER: Acid, boricum, 2; atropina, 18; hydrarg. 
chloridi mit., 71, dust in eye (contraindicated when iodides 
are being used). 

CORNS : Collodium salicylatum comp., 35. 

CORYZA: InteniaU.n. aconitum, 8; belladonna, 19; puly. 
ipecac, et opii, 127 ; quinina, 131. Locally, pulvis anti- 
catarrhalis, 126 ; cocaina (20 parts in 500), 32 ; aqua hama- 
melidis, 15 ; liq. sod. borat. comp., 87 ; antipyrine, 13. 
Inhalations, tr. benz. co. (4 parts in 500), 159; chloro- 
form (4 parts in 500). 30; iodin (1 part to ether 500 
parts), 75; camphor (20 parts in 500), -M>. 

COUGH : To relieve, acid, hydrocyanic, 4 ; belladonna, 19 ; 
chloroform, 30: codeina. 33; morphina, 98; see Bronchial 
Spcretion and Expectorants. Cough, pre., 12, 33 ; irrita- 
tive cough, 33. 

COUGH MIXTURES : Elixir picis comp., 45 ; elixirs terpin. hy- 
dratis, 47 ; mistura glycyrrhiza comp., 95 ; mist, arnmon. 
chlor., 94 ; mist, olei picis, 95 ; mist, pectoralis, 95 ; species 
pectoralis, 142 ; syrupus ipecac., 153 ; syrup, chondri 
comp., 151 ; syrup, pectoralis, 154 ; syrup, pini strobi comp., 
154 ; syrup, scillae comp., 155 ; syrup, senega?, 155 ; 
syrup, tolut., 155 : trochischi arnmon. chlor., 165 ; trochisci 
glycyrrhizae et opii, 165. 

CRACKED NIPPLES : See NIPPLES, SORE. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 183 

CRAMPS : See CONVULSIONS. 

CROUP: MonbranoiiK, see DIPHTHERIA. Spasmodic, amyl 
nitris, 13 ; beladonna. 19 ; ipecac., 75. 

CYSTITIS : See BLADDER, catarrh of. 

DEFECATION, painful, enemata of oleum gossypii sem., 102 ; 
belladonna (supp.), 148. 

DELIRIUM: Camphora. 26: chloral hydratum, 29; hyoscin 
(pre.), 73: mist, chloral, et potass, bromidi comp., 94; 
potass, bromidum, 120 ; opium. 107. 

DELIRIUM TREMENS : Cannabis indica, 27 ; camphora mono- 
bromata, 26 ; digitalis, 38 ; mist, chloral, et potass, bromid. 
comn., D4 ; paraldehydum, 109 ; potassii bromidum, 120 ; 
scopolamin. (hyoscin.), 136. 

DEMULCENTS : See mucilages, 99. 

DEODORIZERS : Acidum sulphurosum. 7 ; aqua hydrogenii di- 
oxidi, 15 : calx. 25 ; carbo ligni. 27 : calx chlorinata. 25 ; 
liquor chlori comp., 81 ; liquor formaldehydi, 83 ; potassii 
permanganas, 123. 

DERMATITIS : See DUSTING POWDERS, also RHUS POISONING. 

DIABETES INSIPIDUS : See POLYURIA. 

DIAPHORETICS : Liq. ammon. acetatis, 79 ; pilocarpus, 113 : 
[infusion of 1 dram (4 gms.) of jaborandi leaves to 4 
ounces (120 c.c.) of hot water may be given by enema with 
prompt results. Tyson.] Pulv. ipecac, et opii, 127; 
spiritus etheris nitrosi, 142 : tinctura antiperiodica, 158. 

DIARRHEA, ACUTE : Lienteric, oleum ricini, 103 : bismuth 
salts. 21, 22; mistura rhei et sodae, 96; misturae contra- 
diarheam, 96 : opium, 107. Fermentative, magnesii sul- 
phas. 91 : oleum ricini, 103 ; hydrargyri chloridum mite, 
71; hydrargyrum cum creta, 70; bismuth salts. 21. 22; 
phenylis salicylas, 112 : sodii phenolsulphonas (sulpho car- 
bolate). 141 : beta-naphthol, 21. Infectious, remedies for 
fermentative, also acid, tannicum. 7 : per os and by enema 
(5 parts in 500). Xcrrous, bromides. 11. 24. 120, 139. 

DIARRHEA. CHRONIC : Llenterlc, from gastric indigestion, 
acid, hydrochlor. clil., 4 : liquor pepsini. 85 ; from pancre- 
atic indigestion, pancreatin in salol or keratin-coated pills, 
108; from lack of bile, fel bovis pur., 55; hydrarg. chlor. 
mite. 71; phenylis salicylas, 112; sodii salicylas, 141. 
Catarrhal, bismuth compounds, 21. 22; cupri sulphas, 37: 
oleum ricini, 103 : acidum tannicum. 7 : ferri sulphas ex- 
sicc, 57 ; pil. opii et plumbi, 117 : argenti nitras per os 
and by enema (1 to 4 parts in 1,000), 16: diarrhea, pre., 
22 

DIGESTIVES : xalirari/. extractum malti, 55 : emulsum olei 
morrhuse cum extracto malti. 5o. (Jastric, acidum hydro- 
chloricum dil.. 4. plus pepsinum. 110 ; liquor pepsini, 85 ; 
liquor pepsini aromaticus, 85 ; elixirs of pepsin (not very 
active), 45. Intestinal, pancreatin (in keratin-coated pills), 
108 ; fel bovis pur., 55. For external use. to curdle milk, 
liquor seriparus. s<; ; to peptonize milk, pulvis paucreaticus 
comp., 128: pulvis pro. lacte humanisato, 129; to digest 
false membrane, liquor pepsini, 85. 

DIPHTHERIA: Antitoxin, 137; aqua hydrogenii dioxidi (125 
parts in 500), 15; menthol, 92; strychnina, 145. 

DISINFECTANTS: Disinfection of room*, sulphur burned, 
1.500 gm. (3 Ibs.) to 1,000 cubic feet. 147: liquor formal- 
dehydi, sprayed on sheets or pour 500 c.c. (16 oz.) on 200 
gm. (6'% oz.) of potassium permanganate in 12-qt. milk 
pail for 1,000 cubic feet, 83 : wash surfaces with solution 
of hydrarg. chlor. cor. (1 part in 1.000). 71. and follow 
by whitewash or paint. Of cJothint/, hydrarg. chlor. cor. 
(1 part in 1.000), 71. Of excreta, calx chlorinata (75 



184 TiiKRAPia-nr INDEX. 



parts in 500), 25 ; phenol (25 parts in 5<)0i. 112: hydrarg. 
chlor. cor. (1 part in 500), 71. Of body and hands, hy- 
drarg. chlor. cor. (1 part in 2,000). 71; liquor cresolis 
comp. (5 parts in 500), 81; phenol (25 parts in 500, 112. 

DISCOLORATIONS : To remove, silver stains, potassii iodidum. 
123 ; potassii cyanidum, 122 ; permanganate stains, oxalic 
acid ; ink stains, oxalic acid ; general stains, aqua hydro- 
genii dioxidi, 15 ; liquor chlori comp., 81. 

DIURETICS: Acting lnj stimulating the circulation, caffeina, 
23; convallaria, 35: digitalis, 38; (pre.) ; scoparius, 136: 
scilla, 136 ; strophanthus, 145. Acting directly on the ki<1- 
ne\i. potassium salts, 120 ; lithium salts, 88 ; pilocarpin, 
113 ; hydrarg. chlor. mite, 71. 

DIZZINESS : See VERTIGO. 

DROPSY : Pre.. .38. Apocynum. 

DUSTING POWDERS : Acetanilidum. 1 : amylum. 13 : creta, 
37 ; kaolinum, 76 : iodolum, 75 : lycopodium, 90 : magnesii 
carbonas, 90 ; talcum, 156 ; pulvis talci salicylicus, 129 ; 
zinci stearas, 174. 

DYSMENORRHEA : For palliation, actanilidum, 1 ; arnyl nitris, 
13 ; antipyrina, 13 ; belladonna. 19 : camphor, 26 ; ether, 
9 ; gelsemium. 65 : opium, 108 : potassii bromidum, 120 ; 
spts. ^Etheris comp., 142 ; mist, chloroformi et cannabis 
indicae comp., 94. 

DYSPEPSIA : See Achylia gastrica. antacids, gastric antisep- 
tics, gastric juice, to increase, to diminish. 

DYSPNEA : Ammonii carbonas, 11: arseni trioxidum, 17; 
atropina, 18: digitalis, 38; grindelia, 68; opium, 108; 
strychnina, 145. 

DYSURIA : Belladona, 19 ; hyoscyamus, 73 ; potassi citratis 
(liq.), 86: mucilag. ulmi, 99. 

EARACHE : Internally, analgesics: belladonna. 19. Locally, 
cocaina (5 parts in 500 of water or 10 per cent, ointment 
with adeps lanae). 32; glyceritum phenolis, 6*7, plus 
glycerinum. 66, equal parts. 

EAR, NOISES IN : Acid, hydrobromic. dil., 4 : cimicifuga, 31 ; 
ergota, 52; potassii bromidum, 120: spts. glycerylis ni- 
tratis, 143 : strychnina, 146. 

ECCHYMOSES : See CONTUSIONS. 

ECLAMPSIA : See CONVULSIONS. 

ECZEMA: Internally, arseni trioxidum, 17: oleum copaibae, 
105 ; oleum terebinthinse. 107 : pix liquida. 118. Exter- 
tinlly, acid, boricum (-15 parts in 500). 2: pastae dermato- 
logies, 109 ; ung. zinci oxidi. 168 ; ung. zinci stearatis 
168 ; acid, boricum 1 part, talcum and zinci oxidum, of 
each 8 parts, as a dusting powder. In obstinate cases. 
liq. picis alkalinus, 85; sulphur precipitatum, 147; ung. 
picis liquidae, 168; ung. sulphuris, 168; sapo mollis. 135. 

EDEMA OF LUNGS : Amyl nitris, 13 ; belladonna, 19 ; caffeina, 
23 ; strychnina, 146. 

EMETICS : Alumen, 11 ; apomorphina (by hypodermic injec- 
tion), 14; antimon. et potass, tart, (not to be recom- 
mended), 13; ipecacuanha, 75; cupri sulphas (in phos- 
phorus poisoning). 37; sinapis, 137; zinci sulphas, 174 
(in narcotic poisoning). 

EMISSIONS : Camphora monobromata, 26 : chloral hydratum, 
29; hyoscina, 73: potassii bromidum, 120. 

EMMBNAOOGURS : See AMENORRHEA. 

EMULSIFYING AGE N TVS : Acacia. 1 : tragacantha. 1("4. 

ENTERALGIA : See COLIC, INTESTINAL. 

ENURESIS : Atropina, 18; belladonna, 19; cantharls (tr,), 
27 ; hyoscyamus, 73 ; strychnina, 146. 

ETHELIS : Chrysarobinum (ung.), 31. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 185 

EPIDIDYMITIS : Local applications, guaiacol (ung. 1/5), 69; 

ang. hydra rg plus ung. belladonna, 167. 
EPISTAXIS : To Lower Blood Pressure, aconitum, 8; ipecac, 

75 ; veratrum, 16*9. Locally, alumen, 11 ; amylum, 13, 

equal parts ; liq. ferri subsulph. or tr. ferri chlor. (10 

parts in 500 as spray, 83, 160 ; acidum tannicum ; 7. In 

ternally, ergota, 52; hamamelis, ' 69 ; oleum terebinthinse, 

107. 
ERYSIPELAS : Local applications for, to arrest, tr. iodi, painted 

at margin, 161 ; acidum boricum (20 parts in 500) applied 

to surface, 2 ; liq. plumbi subacetatis, dil., 85 ; sodii sali- 

cylas (25 parts in 500), 141. 
ERYTHEMA : Acidum boricum, 2 ; bismuthi subnit., 22 ; cam- 

phora (1 to 2 parts in 4 of amylum and 4 of zinc oxide), 

20. 

ESCHAROTICS : See CAUSTICS. 

EXCESSIVE SECRETIONS : To check, belladonna, 19. 
EXCORIATION : Collodium, 34. 
EXPECTORANTS : Sedatire. antimon. et potas. tart., 13 ; apo- 

morphine, 14 ; ipecac, 75 ; lobelia, 89 ; potass, citras, 122. 

titiin-ulant, ammonii carbonas, ammonii chlor idum, 12 ; ben 

zoin, 20 ; balsamum peruvianum, balsamum tolutanum, 19 

creosotum, 36 ; copaiba, 36 ; cubeba, 37 ; eucalyptus, 52 

grindelia, 68 ; guaiacol, 69 ; oleum terebinthinse, 107 ; pi\ 

liquida, 118; scilla, 136: senega, 136; sangninaria, 13." 

terebenum, 157 ; terpini hydras, 157. 
EYE LIDS : See BLEPHARITIS. 
PAINTING: Ammonii carbonas, 11; alcohl, 10; spts. am- 

inoniai arom., 142. 
FAVTS : Sodii thiosulphas (40 parts in 500), 141; sodii sul- 

phis (45 parts in 500), 141. 

FEET, SWOLLEN : Acid, salicylic, 5, plus sodii boras, 139 (dis- 
solved in water and glycerin) ; acid, salicylic.. 1 part. 

acid, boric., 3 parts, amylum, 25 parts, as dusting powder : 

arseni trioxidum. 17 ; hamamelis, 69. 
FELON: Argenti nitras (strong solution to abort.), 16. 
FERMENTATION : See 1 ANTISEPTICS. 
FETID SWEATING : See BROMIDROSIS. 
FETOR : See BREATH, FETID and BROMIDROSIS. 
FISSURE OF ANUS : See ANUS, FISSURED. 
FLATULENCE : Carminative waters, 14, 15 ; capsicum. 27 ; 

chloroformum, 30 ; pulvis aromaticus, 126 ; spts. aetheris 

comp., 142 ; spts. menthse pip.. 143. 
FRECKLES: Acid, boricum. 2; acid, lacticum, 4 (75 parts in 

500) ; hydrag. chlor. cor., (1 to 4 parts in 500) 71. 
FROST BITE : Aq. ammonia?, 14 : iodum, 75 ; lin. terebinth., 

78 ; tr. benzoin, 159 ; tr. cantharidis, 159 ; ung. aq. rosa?, 

166. 

FURUNCLES : See BOILS. 

GALACTORRHEA : Atropinae sulph., 18 ; ung. belladonnae, 16*7. 
GALLDUCTS : Spasm of, atropina, 18. 
GALLSTONE COLIC : See BILIARY COLIC. 
GANGRENE : Local applications, calx chlorinata (50 parts in 

500), 25; potassii permanganas (20 parts in 500), 123. 
GARGLES: Alumen (10 parts in 500), 11; aq. hydrogenii 

dioxidi (100 parts in 500), 15; tr. ferri chlor. (50 parts 

in 500), 160; phenol, (5 parts in 500), 112; potass. 

chloras (20 parts in 500), 121. 
GASTRALGIA : Atropina, 18 ; belladonna, 19 ; cannabis indica, 

27 ; chloroformum, 30 ; menthol, 92 ; potassii bromidum. 

120 ; strontii bromidum, 145. 
GASTRIC CATARRH : Acid, hydrochloricum, dil., 4 ; bismuthi 

subnitras, 22 ; argenti nitras, 16. 
GASTRIC HYPERESTHESIA : Argenti nitras, 16; btemuthi sub- 



180 THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 

nitras. 22; iodum, 75; phenol, 112. For f/ftnlric irritation, 

pre., 22. 

GASTRIC JUICE: To Depress Xc<-rrtion of, atropina, 18: bel- 
ladonna, 19; magma magnesia-. 90; magnosii oxidum. tin ; 

sal carolin, fact., 134 ; sodii bicarbonas, 138. To E.r<-it>' 

Secretion, acid, hydrochlorlcum, 4 ; bitter tonics, vinum 

carnis, 170. 

GASTRIC ULCER : Prescription 22. 
GASTRITIS : See GASTKIC CATARRH. 
GLANS PENIS, INFLAMMATION OF: Sec P.ALANITIS. 
GLEET: Argent! nitras (1 part 5,ooo to 1 in 1,000), 1C; 

hydrarg. chloridum corrosivum (1 part in 10,000 to 1 in 

5,000), 71; potassii permaugauas (1 part in 5,000 to 1 

in 20,000). 
GLOBUS UYSTERICUS : Asafetida (einuls., pil.), 18; potass. 

bromidum, 120 ; sumbul, 147 ; valeriaua, 1G9 (am. valeras, 

zinc! valeras). 

GLOTTIS, SI-ASM OF: Amyl nitris, 13. 
GONORRHEA : Internally, copaiba, 36 ; cubeba, 37 ; eucalyptus 

52 ; hydrastis, 73 ; methylthiouiuiy hydrochlor., 93. 

Locally, argent! ultras (1 part in 3,000), 16 ; hydrarg. 

'.-hlor. cor. (1 part in 40,000 to 1 part in 20,000), 71; hy- 

flrastinae hydrochlorid (1 part in 500), 72; potassii per- 

manganas (1 part in 1,000 to 1 part in GOO), 123; zaici 

acetas (1 to 20 parts in 500), 173; zinc! chloridum (1 part 

in 1,000), 173; zinci sulphas, 174. 
GOUT : Prescription, 34. 
GRANULAR LIDS : See TKACHOMA. 
GUMS, SPONGY: Alumen, 11; gambir (catechu), G5 ; ioduni, 

75 ; rnyrrha (tr.) 99. 

HAIR, SUPERFLUOUS : Calx sulphurata, liq.. 2->. 
HAY FEVER: Acid, boricum (25 parts in 500), 2; glandulae 

suprareuales siccae, GG ; resorcinol (10 parts in 5UU), i;;i!. 
HEADACHE : Acetanilidum, 1 ; acetphenetidinum, 2 ; aiitipy- 

rina, 13 ; caffeina, 23 ; cannabis iudica, 27 ; ergota, 52 ; 

menthol (locally), 92; nux vomica, 100; potassii bro- 
midum, 120 ; potassii iodidum, 123 ; prescription 27. 
HEART BURN : See ANTACIDS. Argenti nitras, 16V 
HEMATEMESIS : Ergot, 52 ; hamamelis, G9 ; liq. ferri sub- 

sulph., 83 ; tr. ferri chlor., 1GO. 
HEMATURIA : Acid, gallicum, 3 ; cannabis indica, 27 ; ergota, 

52; oleum terebinthinae (in passive hemorrhage), 107. 
HEMOPTYSIS : Aconitum, 3 ; chloral, 29 ; ergota, 52 ; hama 

melis, 69 ; ipecac, 75 ; morphin, 98. 
HEMORRHAGE, INTESTINAL : See INTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE 

PULMONARY, see HEMOPTYSIS. UTERINE, see MENORKIIAGIA. 
HEMORRHOIDS : Pulv. glycyrrhiz. cornp., 127 ; ung. acidi tan., 

166; uug. bel., 167; hamamelis, 69; lodoform, 74. 
HERPES : Glyceritum acidi taunici, 67 ; unguentum acidi 

borici, 166; ung. ziuci oxidi, 168; see Dusting Powders. 
HICCOUGH : Amyl nitris, 13 ; belladonna, 19 ; camphora, 26 ; 

capsicum, 27 ; chloral, 29 ; chloroform, 30 ; moschus, 99 ; 

spts. etheris comp., 142. 
HOARSENESS : See APHONIA. 
HYDRAGOGUE CATHARTIC : See CATHARTICS. 
HYPERCHLORHYDRIA : Antacids, atropina, 18; sal carolin. 

factit., 134 ; potass, bromidum, 120. 
HYPERACIDITY : See ANTACIDS. 
HYPERIDROSIS : Acid, camphoricum, 3 ; acid, salicylicum, 5 ; 

acid, tannicum, 7 : alum, 11 ; belladonna, 19 ; chromii tri- 

oxld, 31 ; liq. formaldehydi, 83. 
HYPERSECRETION : See HYPERCHLORHYDRIA. 
HYSTERIA: Ammon. valeras, 12; asafetida, 18; chloral, 29- 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 187 

camphor monobromata, 26 ; humulus, 70 ; potassii bro- 
midum, 120 ; suinbul, 147 ; valerian, 169. 

ILEUS: Atropina, 18; chloroforinum, 30. 

[LEO-COLITIS: See DIARRHEA CATARRHAL. 

IMPKTIGO : Hydrarg. ammoniatum (10 to 20 parts in 500) of 
nng. aquae rosse or petrolatum ; or resorcinol (10 to 20 
parts in 500) of petrolatum ; sulphur precipltatum (10 to 
30 parts in 500) ; a lotion of acid, boricum 25 parts, 
resorcinol 5 parts, phenol 5 parts, in water 500 parts. 

IMPOTENCE : Cannabis indica. 27 ; cantharis, 27 ; elixir 
turnerse, 48 ; phosphorus, 112 : strychninse, 146. 

INCONTINENCE OF URINE: Arseni trioxidum, 17; belladonna, 
10 ; buchu, 23 ; cantharis, 27 ; santoninum, 135 ; strychnina, 
146. 

INSECT : See BITES. 

INSOMNIA: Aethylis carbamas, 9; chloral formamidum. 20; 
chloral hydratum, 20 ; paraldehydum, 100 ; sulphonmeth- 
anum, 147 ; sulphonethylmethanum, 146. 

I. \TERTRIGO: See CHAPPING. 

INTESTINAL CATARRH : Amrnonii chloridum, 12 ; leptandra, 
77; potassii iodidum. 12.",: phenylis salicylas. 112. 

INTESTINAL HBMOBRHAOB : Acid, sulphuricum. 6; acid, tan- 
nicum, 7 ; calcii chloridum, 24 ; ergota, 52 ; oleum tere- 
binthina?, 107. 

INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION: Atropin, 18; hydrargyrum, 70; 
inflation of bowel by carbon dioxid. pulvis effervescens 
comp. (by enema), 127; opium, 108; physostigma, 113; 
strychnina. 146. 

INTESTINAL PROTECTIVES : Bismuth compounds, 21, 22. 

INTOXICATION: See ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION. 

INTUSSUSCEPTION: See INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. 

ITCH : See SCABIES. 

ITCHING: Liq. picis alkalinus (15 parts in 500), 85; men- 
thol (5 to 20 parts in 500), 02: phenol (ung. 5 parts in 
500), 112: potassii bromidum, 120; cannabis indica, 27. 

JAUNDICE: Sodii phosphas. 141; phenylis salicylas, 112. 

JOINTS. INFLAMMATION OF : See ARTHRITIS. 

LACTATION : J)cflcicnt. oleum ricini, 103. Excessive, bella- 
donna, 19 ; iodum. 75. 

LARYNGTSMUS : Amyl nitris. 13; atropina. 18; chloral, 20; 
conium, 35 ; gelsemium, 65 ; moschus. 00 ; potassii bro- 
midum, 120. 

LARYNGITIS : Acute, menthol, 1 part, eucalyptol, 12 parts, 
tinct. benzoini comp., 48 parts inhaled with vapor of hot 
water; in later stage argenti nitras (10 parts in 500) 
with applicator. Chronic, sprays of argenti nitras (10 
parts in 500), cupri sulphas (5 parts in 500), zinci sul- 
phas (10 parts in 500). 

LAXATIVES : See CATHARTICS. 

LEAD COLIC: Atropina, 18; magnesii sulphas, 01; mor- 
phina, 98. 

LENTIGO : Acidum salicylicum (sat. sol. in alcohol), 5; hy- 
dra i-g. chlorid. cor. (1 part in 1,000), 71; sodii boras (30 
parts in 500), 139. 

LBUCOBBHBA: Alum (2 to 4 parts in 500), 11 ; fl. ext. hydras- 
tis (2 parts in 500 to 5 parts in 500), 61: liq. cresolis 
comp., 81 ; potas. permangan. (1 part in 2.000 to 1 part in 
500). 12.",: phenol (5 parts in 500), 122; zinci sulphas 
(1 part in 500), 174. 

LICE: Olrat hydrarg., 100; ung. hydrarg., 167. 

LIME : J'aisoiiiiiu It//, acetum. 2 : oleum oliva?, 103. 

Lii's. FISSURED': Bismuthl subnit., 22: tinct. benzoini, 159. 

LIVER SPOTS : SPO CHLOASMA, also TINEA VERSICOLOU. 

LUMBAGO : Analgesics, camphora monobromata, 26 : cimici- 



188 THKRAPEl Tit' INDEX 

fuga, 31 ; emplastrum capsici, 48 ; lin. chloroform!, 78 ; 

salicyl compounds. 5, ]<).". 135. 141. 145. 
LOCHIA : To deodorize, eucalyptus, 52 ; potass, permangan 

(1 part in 500), 123; thymol (1 part in 1.000), 157. 
Li .\<; : In Congestion and Edema of, aconitum, 8; amyl 

nitris, 13 ; cataplasma kaolini, 28 ; veratrum, 169. 
Ln-rs : Internally, oleum morrhuae, 102 ; quinina, 130 ; 

salicinum, 135 ; sodii salicylas. 141. Externally, lin. 

saponis mollis. 78 ; pasta naphtholi, 110. 
MACGOTS : Chloroformum, 30 ; hydrarg. chlor. mite, 71. 
MALARIA : See ANTIPEHIODICS. 
MANIA : Hypnotic for, prescription, 73. 
MASTITIS : See BREASTS, INFLAMED. 
M ELENA: See INTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE. 
MEMBRANES, RELAXED Mucous : Astringents. 
MELANCHOLIA: Hypnotic for, prescription 7::. 
MKMERE'S DISEASE : Gelsemium, 65 ; pilocarpina (daily in- 
jections of Gm. 0.01 (gr. 1/6), 113. 
MENORRHAGIA : Cannabis indica, 27 ; ergota, 52 : glandulae 

thyroidese sic., 66 1 ; hydrastinina, 73 ; oleum erigerontis, 

105. 

MERCURIAL POISONING : Albumen ovi. potassii iodidum, 128. 
MERCURIAL SORE MOUTH : Argenti nitras, l(i ; cupri sulphas, 

37 ; liquor sodse chlorinatse, 86 ; potassii chloras, 121 ; 

sodii boras, 139. 

METRORRHAGIA : See MENORRHAGIA. 
MICTURITION, PAINFUL : See DYSURIA. 
MICTURITION : Too Frequent, alkaline diuretics, cantharis, 

27 ; hyoscyamus, 73 ; liq. potass, citratis, 86. 
MIGRAINE : Analgesics, amyl nitris, 13 ; cannabis indica. 27 : 

ergot, 52; methylthioninse, hydrochloriduin, 93; polassii 

bromidum, 120 ; spts. glycerylis, nitratis, 143 ; tinct. nucis 

vom. (drop doses once in fifteen minutes), 162. 
MILK LEG: See PHLEGMASIA ALBA DOLENS. 
MILK : To Diminish Secretion of, atropin, 18 ; ung. bell., 167. 

To Promote Secretion of, oleum ricini, 103. 
MILK, HUMANIZED: Prescription 77. 
MORNING SICKNESS : See PREGNANCY, VOMITING IN. 
MOUTH, SORE : See CANCRUM ORIS. 
MOUTH : Dry, glycerin, 66. Ulcers of, cupri sulph., 37 ; 

argenti nitras, 16 ; mel, 92. Wash for, liquor antisepticus, 

80 ; liquor antisepticus alkalinus, 80 ; oleum thymi, 107 ; 

potassii chloras, 121 ; tr. myrrhse, 162. 
Mucous PATCHES : Argenti nitras, 16 ; hydrarg. chlor. mite, 

71 ; tr. benzoini comp.. 159 ; zinci oxiclum. 1 7.".. 
MYALGIA: Ammonii chloridum, 12; cimicifuga, 31; lin. 

camphorse, 78 ; lin. chloroform!, 78 ; liq. potassii vel sodii 

citratis, 86. 87 ; ung. iodi, 167. 
NAIL, INGROWN : Acidum tannicum, 7 ; alumen, 11 ; liq. ferri 

chlor.. 82 ; liq. potassii hydroxidi, 86. 
NASAL CATARRH : ACUTE, see CORYZA. ('ltro)iir. ncid. boricum, 

2 ; hydrastis, 73 ; iodolum, 75 ; liq. antisepticus alkalinus, 

80 ; liq. sodii boratis comp., 87. 
NAUSEA: Aqua creosoti (to prevent), 15; chloroform, 30; 

menthol, 92. 

NEURALGIA : Prescription for, 13 ; see ANTINEURALGICS. 
NEURITIS : See ANALGESICS Arseni trioxidum, 17 ; potassii 

iodidum, 123 ; sodii salicylas, 141. 
NIGHT BLINDNESS : Physostigma, 113. 
NIGHT SCREAMING : Potassii nitras, 123. 
NIGHT SWEATS : Acid, camphoricum. 3 ; acid, sulphuric-urn 

aromaticum (pre.). 6: alum (2 parts in 500). 11 ; atropina, 

18: zinci oxiclum, 173. To control, prescription 7. 
SUNBURN : Emulsum amygdalae. 50. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 189 

NIPPLES, SORE: Acid, boricum (2o parts in 500), 2: acid, 
tannicum, 7 ; alumen, 11 ; argenti nitras, 16 ; belladonna, 
19 ; benzoinum. 20. 

NOSEBLEED : See EPISTAXIS. 

NYCTALOPIA : Physostigma, 113. 

NYMPHOMANIA : Potassii bromidum, 120. 

OBESITY: Glandulae thyroideae siccse, 66; sal carolinuin fact., 
134. 

ODORS, FETID: See BROMIDROSIS; BREATH, FETID; DISIN- 
FECTANTS. 

OINTMENT VEHICLES : Adeps. 8: adeps benzoinatus, 8; adeps 
laufE hydrosus. !) : petrolatum, 111. 

ONYCHIA : IMumbi nitras, 119. 

OUCHITIS : See EPIDIDYMITIS. 

OTALGIA : See EARACHE. 

OTITIS : See EARACHE. 

OTO.KRHEA : Acid, boricum, '2 : aqua hydrogen!! dioxidi. 15. 

O/.ENA : Ilydarg. amniouiatuin (8 parts in DUO sugar) as 
snuff. 72. 

TAIN : See ANALGESICS. 

PALPITATION : Belladonna, 19. 

PARALYSIS : Hysteric, See HYSTERIA. Prescription for par- 
alysis. 146. 

PARASITE : See ANTIPARASITICS. 

PARONYCHIA: Acid, boricum, 2; argenti nitras, 16; sodii 
bicarbonas (5 to 500 to soften nails). 

PEDICULOSIS: Oleat. hydrargyri, 100; ung. hydra rg.. clilut, 
167: phenol (12% parts in 50), for nits. 112. 

PEMPHIGUS: Arseni trioxidum, 17; atropina, 18; pilocar- 
pina, 113 ; quinina, 131 ; strychnina, 145. Locally, dust- 
ing powders, ung. zinci oxidi, 168. 

PERNICIOUS ANEMIA : See ANEMIA, PERNICIOUS. 

PERTUSSIS : See WHOOPING COUGH. 

PHARYNGITIS: Antipyrina (spray, 20 parts in 500), 13: aqua 
hydrogenii dioxidi (loo parts in 500). 15: argenti nitras. 
(10 to 40 parts in 500), 16; cubeba (troches), 37, 165; 
liquor ferri subsulph. plus glycerin, 83. 

PHARYNX : I'< lu.red, acid, tannicum, 7. Xixixin of, bella- 
donna, 19. 

PHLEGMASIA Ai.r.A DOLENS : Hamamelis. (>'.(. 

PHOSPHATIC URINE : Acid, benzoicum. 2 : acid boricum. 2 ; 
hexamethylenamina, 70. 

PHOTOPHOBIA : Aether, 9 ; belladonna, 19 : cocaiua. :\- : 
conium. 35. 

PILES : See HEMORRHOIDS. 

PIN WORMS : See ASCARIDES. 

PITYRIASIS : Chrysarobinum (ung.), 31, 167. 

PLEURODYNIA : See NEURALGIA. 

POISONING: General antidotes: For acids, soap. 135: mag- 
nesia, 90 ; chalk, 37. For alkalies, vinegar. For metallic 
salts, alkaline carbonates, albumin. For alkaloids, taunic 
acid, 7. 

Acftoniliil, atropina, 18; strychnina, 145. 
Aconite, ether hypodermically, 9 ; atropina, 18 ; digitalis, 

38 ; strychnina, 145. 

Alcohol, ammonium carbonate, 11 ; digitalis, 38 ; strych- 
nina, 145. 

Antimony, tannic acid, 7. 
Antiitiirin, atropina, 18; strychnina. 145. 
Arxcnic, ferri hydroxidum cum magnesii oxido, 50. 
Jicllatlonnii, opium, 108. 
Carbolic Acid, see Phenol. 

Chloral and Chloroform, atropina, 18; digitalis, 38; 
strychnina, 145. 



190 THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 

Cocaine, ammonium carbonate, 11 ; stryclmina, 145. 

Colchicum, tannic acid. 7 ; atropina, 18. 

Con-in tn. strychnina, 145. 

Copper, potassii ferrocvanidum. 122. 

Corrosive sublimate, albumen ovi (white of egg). 

Digitalis, tannic acid, 7 ; aconite, 8. 

Eincr, atropina, 18; digitalis. :-:s ; strychnina, 1-1."). 

(iflNcininm, ammonium carbonate, 11: atropina. IS; digi- 
talis, 38; strychnina. 14."). 

lodin, starch, 13; ammonia, 11; atropina, 18; stryelmina, 
145. 

lodoform, sodium bicarbonate, 13S. 

Lead, magnesium or sodium sulphate, 141. 

titrate of Kilrcr, common salt. 

Xu,r Voniica ami v trnchnina, acidum tannicum. 7 : am.vl 
nitrite, 13 ; chloral, 20 ; chloroform, 30 ; potassii bro- 
midum, 12O. 

Opium, atropina, 18; potassii permanganas ( .5 parts in 
500), 123. 

Phenol, alcohol (if given immediately) : magnesium sul 
phate, 141; atropina, 18; strychnina, 145: digitalis. 3s. 

Phosphorus, aqua hydrogenii dioxidi, 15 ; potassii perrnau- 
ganas (5 parts in 500), 123. 

Physostigma, atropina. 18. 

Veratrum, atropina, 18; strychnina. 145. 
POLYURIA : Acidum gallicum, 3 ; ergota, 52 glandulac supra- 

renales siccae, 66 ; opium, 108 ; strychnina, 145. 
POSTPABTUM HEMORRHAGE : Ergot, 52 : acetum. locally. 
PREGNANCY, VOMITING IN: Cerii oxalas. 20; iodum (tr. ) 75; 

ipecac, 75; menthol (10 parts in 5<iO). (4 c.c.), 02; 

potassii bromidum, 120 ; strychnina, 145. 
PRURITUS : See ITCHING. 
PSORIASIS : Hydrarg. arnmoniatum, 72 : liq. calcis, sulphur- 

atae, 81 ; liq. picis alkalinus, 85 ; pix liquida, 118 : pyro- 

gallol (30 parts in 500) 130; ung. chrysarobini, 167; ung. 

picis comp. 167. 

PTYALISM : Potass, chloras, 121. 
PUPIL: To dilate, atropina (2 parts in 500). 18: homatro- 

pina (4 parts in 500. 70. To contract, physostigmina (1 

to 2 parts in 500), 113. 
PURGATIVES : See CATHARTICS. 
PUUI-URA : Calcii chloridum, 24 ; glandulse suprarenales sicca>. 



PTJTKBFACTION : Intestinal, phenylis salicylas. 112: 

phenolsulphonas. 141. In irounds, betanaphthol, 21; bis- 

muthi subsalicylas. 22. 
PYELITIS : Hexamethylenamina. 70 ; buchu, 23 ; cantharis, 

27 : uva ursi, 169. 
PYLORUS. SI-ASM OK: Belladonna. 10; oleum oliva\ ln:'>: sjils. 

aetheris comp., 142. 
PYROSIS : Argenti nitras. 16 ; magma magnesie, 00 ; magnesii 

oxidum, 00. 

QUININE : To conceal taste, prescription, 131. 
QUINSY : See TONSILLITIS. 
UACHITIS : See RICKETS. 
KKCTUM : Engorged, acid, tannicum, 7 ; belladonna. 10. in 

suppositories. J'rolaiiNii* of. ergota, 52 ; hamamelis. 60 ; 

hydra st is. i:\. Hitamn of. belladonna, 19. 
RENAL CONGESTION : Prescription, 38. 

RETINA: Anemia of, amyl nitris. 13. Congealed, ergota, 52, 
Rurs POISONING: FI. ext. griudelia?. 61 : li<]. plumbi sulj 

Mcelatis dil. 85; sodii bicarbonas (sat. sol.), 138: ung. 

aquae rosae. 166 ; lotio nigra and aqua calcis. of each equal 

parts ; ung. zinc oxidi, 168. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 191 

RICKETS : Hitter touics ; oleum inorrhuee, 102 ; phosphorus. 

112 ; syr. hypophosphituiii conip., 153 ; syr. calc. lactophos- 

phatis, 150, 151. 
RINOWOBM: Acid, sulphurosuni, 7; chrysarobinum, 31; li<i. 

calcis sulphurate, 81 ; sodii sulphis, 14 ; sodii thiosulphas 

(60 parts in 500), 141; ung. hydrargyri ammon., 168; 

ung. picis liquidae, 168. 
BUMBOUND: See PABONYCHIA. 
SALIVATION : Potassii chloras, 121. 
SATYRIASIS : Potassii bromidum, 120. 
SCABIES : Ung. sulphuris, 168. 
SCIATICA : Acetanilidinum, 1 ; acetphenetidinum, 2 ; antipy- 

rina, 13 ; cantharis. 27 ; chloroformum, 30 ; oleum tiglii, 

103 ; potassii acetas, 120 ; potassii iodidum, 123 ; sodii 

salicylas, 141. 

SCURVY : Acid, citricum, 3 ; arseni trioxidum, 17 ; iron prep- 
arations, 55 ; potassii citras, 122. 
SEASICKNESS : Amyl nitris, 13 ; capsicum, 27 ; cerii oxalas, 

29 ; chloral formamidum, 29 ; potassii bromidum, 120. 
SEBOKRHEA : Linamentum saponis mollis, 78 ; plus thymol 

(15 parts in 500). KM. 
SERPENT BITES : See BITES OF REPTILES. 
SEXUAL EXCITEMENT : Camphor rnonobromata, 26 ; hyoscina, 

7o ; lupulin, 90 ; potassii bromidum, 12u. 
SHINGLES : See HERPES. 
SHOCK : Alcohol, 10 ; atropina, 18 ; spts. ammon. arorn., 142 ; 

strychnina, 145. 
SIABORRHEA : Atropina, 18. 
SIALAGOGUES : Pilocarpina, 113. 
SLEEPLESSNES : See INSOMNIA. 
SMELLS, FOUL : Calx chloriuata, 25 ; carbo ligni, 27 ; phenol, 

112; potassii permangauas, 12:>. 
SOUR STOMACH : See HYPERCHLORHYDRIA. 
SPASMS : See CONVULSIONS. 
SPERMATORRHEA : See EMISSIONS. 
SPINAL CONGESTION : Ergota, 52 ; gelsemium, 60 ; potassii 

bromidum, 120. 

SPINAL IRRITATION: Cantharis, 27; potassii bromidum, 120. 
SPITTING OF BLOOD : See HEMOPTYSIS. 
SPRAINS: Aqua hamamelidis. 15; arnica, 17; capsicum, 27; 

liu. ammonite, 77; lin. camphorae, 78; lin. chloroform!, 78; 

liq. plumbi subacet., 85. 
STAINS OF SILVER NITRATE : Potassii cyanidum, 122 ; potassii 

iodidum, 123. 
STIMULANTS : Ether hypodermically. 9 ; camphor in oil (30 

parts in 500), hypodermically, 26. 
SUNOS AND BITES: Aqua hydrogen 11 dioxidi, 15; aqua am- 

moniffi, 14 ; phenol, 112. 

STOMACH, DILATATION OF; Nux vomica, 100; strychnina, 145. 
STOMATITIS : Acid, boricum, 2 ; aqua hydrogen!! dioxidi, 15 ; 

argenti nitras. 16 ; potassii chloras, 121 ; potassii permau- 

ganas, 123 ; salvia, 135. 
STRANGURY: Camphora, 26; chondrus, 30; linum, 78: liq. 

potassii hydroxidi, 36 ; uva ursi, 169. 
STYES : Boric acid, 2 ; collodium, 34 ; hydrarg. oxidum flavuru 

(ung. 2 parts in 500), 72. 
SUNBURN : Emulsum amygdalae, 50. 
SWEATING : See HYPEKIDROSIS, NIGHT SWEATS. 
SYNCOPE : Amyl nitris, 13 : sp. ammonias aromaticus, 142. 
SYPHILITIC ULCER: Chromii trioxidum, 31, hydra rg 

chloridum mite, 71 ; ung. hydrarg. ammonia*' 16"t ; uu<*. 

bydrarg. oxidi rubri. 1G7. 



192 THERAPEUTIC INDEX. 

TAENIAE : Aether, 9: aspidium (oleoresina), 18; cusso, 37; 
granatum. 68: pelletierinse tannas, 110; pepo, IK). 

TAPEWORM : See TAEXIAE. 

TEETHING: To prevent convulsions, potassii bromidum, 120. 

TBNBSMUS : Camphora monobromata, 26. 

TESTICLE, SWELLED : Collodium. 34 : emplastrum belladonna*, 
48 ; oleatum hydrarg.. 100 ; ung. hydrarg., 167. 

THIRST: Glycerinum. 66. 

THROAT. SORE : See PHARYNGITIS. 

THRUSH : Acid, salicylicum. 5 : liq. calcis, 81 ; mel rosse, 92 : 
potassii chloras, 121; sodii boras, 139. 

TINEA CAPITIS. Acidum boricum. 2 : chromii trioxidum, 31 : 
liq. calcis, 81: oleum cajeputi. 104; oleum tiglii. LOS ; 

TINEA TONSURANS : Oleum cajeputi, 104 : oleum tiglii, 103 ; 
liq. calcis sulphurata?, 81 : sulphur. 147. 

TINEA VERSICOLOR : Liq. calcis sulphuratae, 81 : sulphur. 147. 

TINNITIS AURIUM : Acid, hydrobromicum. 4 : cimicifuga. 31 : 
gelsemium, 65 pilocarpina, 113 ; potassii bromidum, 120. 

TOENAIL, INGROWN : See INGROWN TOENAIL. 

TONIC: Prescription. 140. 

TONGTE : Fissured, glycerinum, 66 ; iodoformum, 74 ; Ulcer- 
ated, chromii trioxidum, 31. 

TONSILLITIS: Internally, aconltum, 8: belladonna, 19: 
guaiacum, 69 ; phenylis salicylas. 112 ; sodii salicylas, 141. 
Locally, aqua hydrogenii dioxidi. 15 ; argenti nitras (40 
to 60 parts in 500) : guaiacol, 69: sodii bicarbonas (tea- 
spoonful in glass of hot water as gargle). 

TOOTHACHE: Creosotum, 36": oleum caryophylli, 105 oleum, 
mentha? piperitae. 106 (apply these on cotton). 

TRACHOM-A: Argenti nitras (10 parts in 500), 16; cupri sul- 
phas, 37 ; glyceritum boroglycerini, 67 ; hydrarg. chloriduui 
corros. (1 part in 500), 71. 

TREMOR: Hyoscina, 73; hyoscyamus, 73; potassii bromidum, 
120 ; veratrum, 169. 

TRISMUS NASCENTUM : Amyl nitris, 13. 

TYMPANITES : Asafetida. 18 (emuls. by enema or pill.) : 
carbo ligni, 27 ; oleum terebinthina?, 107 ; strychnina. 145. 

URETHRA, IRRITABLE: Argenti nitras. 16; belladonna. ID: 
buchu, 23 ; Chondrus, 13 ; cocaina. 32 ; potassii bromidum, 
120. 

URINARY CALCULI : See CALCULI, URINARY. 

URINATION, PAINFUL : See DYSURIA. 

URINE, ACID: Liq. potassii hydroxidi, 86; liq. potassii 
citratis, 86; liq. sodii citratis. \S7. 

URINE, ALKALINE: Acid, benzoicum, 2; acid, salicylicum, 5; 
hexamethylenamina, 70. 

UKINE, AMMONIACAL : Hexamethylenamina, 70. 

URINE, BURNING : See ARDOR URINAK. 

URINE, INCONTINENCE OF: See INCONTINENCE OF URINE. 

URINE, PHOSPHATIC : Acid, benzoicum, 2. 

URINE, RETENTION OF: Strychnina, 145, zea. 172. 

URTICARIA: To prevent, calcium chlorid. 24. InteniaUi/, 
Atropina, 18 : pilocarpus, 113 ; potassii bromidum. 120 : 
pulvis effervescens comp., 127. Externally, acid, boricum, 
2 ; acid, salicylicum, 5, acid, sulphurosum, 7 : camphora, 
(1 to 2 parts camphor in 4 parts each of amylum and 
zinci oxidum), 26. 

UTERINE COLIC : Aloe, 10 ; eucalyptus, 52 : grindelia, 68. 

UTERINE HEMORRHAGE : See MENORRHAGIA. 

UTERINE INERTIA : Ergota, 52 ; quinina, 131 : strychnina, 145. 

UTERUS : Engorgement of, cimicifuga, 31 ; ergota. 52 ; hy- 
drastis. 73. Rigid, belladonna. 19 : chloral, 29 ; ipecac, 75. 
Ulcers of, iodum, 75 ; phenol, 112. 



THERAPEUTIC INDEX 193 

UVULA RELAXED: Alum, 11; capsicum (tr.) and glycerin, 
equal parts, 27 ; kino, 76 ; pyrethrum, 130 ; tr. myrrhse, 
162. 

VAGINA, RELAXED : Acid tannicum, 7 ; alum (50 parts in 500), 
11 ; gambir, 6'5 ; geranium. <><;. 

VAGINISMUS : Atropin, 18 ; belladonna, 19 ; iodoformum, 74. 

VASOCONSTRICTORS : Digitalis, 38 ; ergota, 52 ; glandulae 
suprarenales siccae, 66. 

VASODILATORS : Aconitum, 8 : amyl nitris, 13 ; sodii nitris, 
141 ; spts. glycerylis nitratis, 143 ; veratrum, 169. 

VEGETATIONS : Chromii trioxidum, 31. 

VKNKKEAL EXCITEMENT : See SEXUAL EXCITEMENT. 

VERTIGO : Amyl nitris, 13 ; strychnina, 145 ; valeriana, 169. 

VESICANTS : See BLISTERS, TO RAISE. 

VOMITING OF BLOOD: See HHMATEMBSIS. 

VOMITING: From f/axtric inflammation, bismuth! subnitras, 
22 cerii oxalas. 21). From f/nxtric hypereathesto, cocaina. 
32 menthol, 92 ; chloroformum, 30 ; phenol, 112. From 
reflex cauNCx, potassii bromidum, 120 ; chloral hydratum, 
29 morphina, 98 ; iodum, 75 ; ipecac, 75 ; mix vomica, 100. 

VULVA : Irritation of, Argenti nitras, 16 : iodoformum, 74 ; 
sodii boras, 139. Pruritus of, acid boricum (sat. sol.) 2 : 
argenti nitras (1 to 2 parts in 4,000 of spts. etheris 
nitrosi), 16; liq. plumbi subacetatis (15 to 30 parts in 
500). 85. 

WARTS : Internally, magnesii carbonas, 90. Externally, acid, 
aceticum glaciale, 2 : acid, aceticum plus acidum salicyli- 
cum : chromii trioxidum, 31. 

WHOOPING COUGH : Acid, hydrobromicum dil. 4 ; ammonii 
bromidum, 11 ; amyl nitris. 13 ; antipyrina, 13 ; belladonna, 
19 : bromoformum, 22 : chloroformum, 30 ; grindelia, 68 ; 
hyoscyamus, 73 ; ipecac, 75 : menthol, 92 ; morphina. 98 ; 
potassii bromidum. 120 : quininse sulphas, 131 (in spray, 
1 part in 500) ; terpini hydras, 157. 

WORMS : See ANTHELMINTICS. 

WOUNDS : To cleanse si; In around, sapo mollis, 135. To irri- 
gate infected surfaces, hydrarg. chloridum corros. (1 part 
in 1,000), 71; potassii permangan (3 to 8 parts in 1,000), 
123. To remove dirt, pour oil into wound and wash out, 
scrub wound with ethereal soap. To cleanse Iwdlu in- 
fected irounfl, pure nhenol, 112. To close small iroitnds, 
collodium, 34 : as -dusting powder before closing acetan- 
ilidum, 1 : acidum boricum. 2 ; bismuthi subgallas, 22 ; 
iodoformum, 74 ; iodolum, 75. 



INDEX TO SYNONYMS 



PAGE. 

Absorbent Cotton 68 

Acid Phosphates 85 

Adrenalin G6 

Albuminate Iron Solution.. 82 
Alkaline Antiseptic Sol... 80 
Almonds, see Amygdala. 

Aminoform ' 70 

Anhydrosin 28 

Anise Comp. Powder.... 129 

Antifebrine 1 

Antiphlogiatln 28 

Antiseptic Powder 126 1 

Antiseptic Solution 80 

Anti-toxin, see Serum... 137 

Apples, ferrated extract. . 160 

Aqua Fortis 5 

Aqua Regia 5 

Aristol 157 

Arsenic Antidote 56 

Baking Soda 1 :ts 

Barker's Pill 117 

Basham's Mixture 82 

Basilicon Ointment 29 

Bateman's Drops, see Tr. 

Pectoralis 162 

Battery Fluid 81 

Beef. Wine and Iron 171 

Bestucheff's Tincture . . . 160 
Bichloride of Mercury, see 
Hydrarg. Chlor. Corros. 

Birch Oil 104 

Bismuth Liquid 81 

Bitter Wine of Iron ... 171 

Bitterless Syrup Quinidin 154 

Black Draught 74 

Black Drop 2 

Black Wash 90 

Blackberry, see Rubus. 

Blancard's Pill 117 

Blaud's Pill 117 

Blistering Ceratp 28 

Blistering Collodion .... 34 
Bloodroot. see Sangiiinnria. 
Blue Cohosh. see Fluidex- 
tractum Caulophylli. 

Blue Mass 92 

Blue Ointment ... 167 

Blue Vitriol, see Cupri Sul- 
phas. 
Roneblack. see Carbo Animalis. 

Boracic Acid 2 

Bousries. Frethal 148 

Boulton's Solution 84 

Brandv 144 

Brayera 37 

Breast Tea 142 

Broom, see Sconnrius. 

Bromide and Chloral . . 94 



PACK. 

Brown Mixture 95 

Brown-Sequard Pill .... 116 
Buck Bean, see Menyanthis. 
Burdock, see Lapi.a. 
Butternut, see Juglaus. 

Cacao Butter 103 

Cachets, Starch 124 

Calabar bean, see Physo- 

st igma. 

Calcium Sulphide 25 

Calomel, see Ilydrargyri- 

Chloridum Mite. 

Camphor Ice 28 

Camphorated Oil 78 

Capsules, Gelatin 123 

Capsules, Starch 124 

Caraway, see Carum. 
Carbolated Ointment, see Ung. 

Phenolis. 
Carbolic Acid, see Phenol 111 

Carbollaed Oil 103 

Carlsbad Salt Efferv. . 129-134 

Can-on Oil 78 

Cascara Sagrade, see Rharn- 

nus P 130 

Castor Oil, see Oleum Ricini. 

Catarrh Snuff 126 

Catechu, see Gambir 65 

Caustic Mitigated 17 

Chalk Mixture 95 

Channing's Solution .... 83 
Chapman's Copaiba Mix. 97 

Chapman's Pill 114 

Charcoal. Animal, see Carbo 

Animalis. 
Charcoal, wood, see Carbo 

Ligni. 

Chemical Food 155 

Chloralamine 29 

Chloranodyne 94 

Chloride of Lime 25 

Chlorine Water 81 

Chloroform Anodyne .... 94 

cholera Mixtures 96 

Chromic Acid, see Chromii 

Trioxidum. 

Chrysophanlc Acid 31 

Churchill's Iodine Caustic 84 
ChurchilFs Tr. Iodine... 161 

Cinnamic Aldehyde 32 

Clay Poultice 28 

Clemen's Solution 86 

Cloves, see Caryophyllus. 
Clutter-buck's Elaterium . . 38 
Cochineal, see Coccus. 
Cod Live'r Oil. see Ol. Morrh. 

Cold Cream 166 

Cole's Pill 115 



INDEX TO SYNONYMS. 



195 



PAGE. 

Composition Powder .... 1-8 

Copaiba Mixtures i>7 

Corn Collodion 35 

Corn Silk, see Zea. 

Corrosive sublimate, see 

Hydrarg. Chlor. Corros. 
Cotton Root Bark, see Gossyp- 

pii Cortex. 
Cottonseed Oil. see Oleum 

Gossypii Seminis. 

Coxe's Hive Syrup 155 

Cream of Tartar, see Potassii 

Bitartras. 

Cremor Bismuthi 21 

Cresol Solution 81 

Cresylic Acid 36 

Croton Oil, see Oleum Tiglii. 
Cudbear, tincture of, see Tiiic- 

tura Persionis. 

Curacao Cordial 42 

Cystogen 70 

Dalby's Carminative .... 94 
Damiana, see Turnera. 
Dandelion, see Taraxacum. 
Decolorized Tr. Iodine... 161 
Denarcotized Opium .... 51 

Deodorant Solution 88 

Deodorized Tr. Opium, see 

Tr. Opii Deod. 

Dermatol 22 

Deschler's Salve 29 

Dewee's Tr. Guaiac 161 

Diachylon Ointment .... 167 

Diachylon Plaster 49 

Dimethylketone 1 

Dinner 'Pill 114 

Lady Webster's 114 

Diphtheria Antitoxin ... 137 

Loeffler's solution .... 92 

Dobell's Solution 87 

Dogwood, see Cornus. 

Donovan's Solution 80 

Double Chloride Gold and So- 
dium 19 

Dover's Powder 127 

see Flext. Ipec. et opii. 

Dusting Powder '. . . 129 

Eau de Javelle 86 

Electuari Sonnfp 3." 

Elixir of Vitriol 6 

Elixir Pronriptatis, see T- 

Aloes et Myrrh 158 

Elm. see Ulmus. 

Emollient Cataplasm . . . 142 

Emulsions. Flavors 49 

Epinephrin 66 

Epsom Salt 91 

Ergot, Hypodermatic Sol. 54 
Eserine. see Physostigmin n3 

Ethereal Tinctures 164 

Eye Wash. Alcoholic 143 

Fats 102 

Fenner's Guaiac Mixt... 158 



Fig, see Ficus. 
Felix Mas, see Aspidium. 
Flaxseed, see Linum. 
Fleming's Tr. Aconite... 158 

Flowers of Sulphur 147 

Fluid Hydrastis aq., see Gly- 

cerite 67 

Formaldehyde 83 

Formaline 83 

Formine 70 

Fowler's Solution 86 

Foxglove, see Digitalis. 

Francis Pill 118 

French Mixture 84 

Friar's Balsam 10 

Gadberry's Mixture .... 96 
Gamboge, see Cambogia. 

Germicide solution 80 

Gin. see Spi'-itus Jnniperi. 
Ginger, see Zingiberi. 
Ginger, Soluble Essence. . 88 
Glauber Salt, see Sodii Snlph. 

Globules, Vaginal 148 

Glonoin Spirit 143 

Glycerin Tonic 43 

Glyceritum Acidi Carbol. 67 

Glycerophosphates 44 

Godfrey's Cordial 96 

Gold, see Aurum. 

Goulard's Cerate 29 

Goulard's Extract 85 

Gray Powder 70 

Green Soap, see Sapo Mollis. 

Green Soap, tincture of. see 

Linimentum Saponis Mollis. 

Green Tinctures 164 

Green Vitriol, see Ferri Sul- 
phas. 

Gregory's Powder 129 

Griffith's Mixture 95 

Gross' Pill 116 

Gum Arabic, see Acacia. 
Gun-Cotton, see Pyroxylin 130 
Haller's Acid Mixture . . 96 

Hall's Pill 115 

Flail's Solution Strychnin 88 
Hebra's Itch Ointment... 16S 

Riera Picra 126 

Flive Syrup 155 

Hoffmann's Anodyne .... 142 

Honey 92 

Hope's Mixture 94 

Hops 70 

Hot Drops 159 

Humanized Milk 7fi 

Iluxham's Tr., Tr. Cinch. 

Comp 160 

Hydrated Wool Fat 9 

Hydrastis. white alkaloid 72 
Hypodermatic Solutions.. 84 
Indian Hemp, see Cannabis In- 

dica. 
Infused Oils 103 



196 



INDEX TO SYXOXYMS. 



PAGE. 

Iodized Carbolic Acid 3 

Irish Moss, see Chondrus. 
Iron, see Ferrum. 
Jaborandi, see Pllocarpus. 
Jackson's Pectoral Syrup 154 

Javelle Water 86 

Kaolin Paste 28 

Kelene 10 

Kissingen Salt Efferv. 120-134 
Kola, fluidextract of, see Flu- 

idextrajctum Sterculise. 

Kousso 27 

Kumyss 76 

Labarraque's Solution ... 86 
Lac Sulphur, see Sulphur Pre- 

cipitatum. 
Lafay ; ite Copaiba Mixt.. 97 

Lamotte's Drops 160 

Lanolin 9 

Lard. Benzoinated 8 

Lassar's Pastes 109-110 

Laudanum, see Tr. Opii. 
Lead, see Plumbum. 

Lead and Opium Pill 117 

Lea and Opium Wash . . 90 

Lead Water 85 

Lemon Juice, see Succus 

Limonis. 

Lemon Peel, see Limonis Cor- 
tex. 

Lettuce, see Lactucii. 
licorice, Comp. Powder. 127 
Licorice, see Glycyrrlma. 
Lily of Valley, see Convallaria. 
Lime Juice and Pepsin.. 140 
Lime, see Calcium ....24-25 

Lime Water 81 

Linseed Oil, see Oleum Lini. 

Liquid Rennet 86 

Liquid P>ismuth 81 

Liquid Pepsin 85 

Lister Antiseptic Solution 80 
Litharge, see Plumbi Oxidum. 

Loefflers Solution KU 

London Paste 138 

Loomis' Cholera Mixture. H7 
Lozenges, see Trochisci.. 1 r,r> 

Lugol's Solution S4 

Lunar Caustic 16 

Lysol 81 

Magendie's Solution s4 

Magnesia Calcined, see Mag- 

nesii Oxidum. 

Malate of Iron r,4 

Malate of Iron. Tr 160 

Male-Fern Oleoresin . . . . Hi] 
Mandrake, see Podophyllum. 
Marigold, see Calendula 

Mercurial Ointment 167 

Mercuric Chloride. sep Ily- 

drargyrl Chloridum Corr'o- 

sivum. 



PAGE. 
Mercurous Chloride, see Hy- 

drargyri Chloridium Mite. 

Mercury 70 

Mercury Biniodide. see Hy- 

drargyri lodidum Rubrum. 
I Mercury Protoiodide, see Hy- 

drargyri lodidum Flavum. 
I Mercury with Chalk.... 70 

Methylene Blue .:$ 

Migraine Elixir 1 

Miin. of Magnesia 90 

Milk Powder 12!) 

Mistura Gummosa '.):', 

Mistura Simplex 94 

Mistura Solvens !4 

Monobromide of Camphor. 2<> 

Monsell's Solution s:> 

Mullein, see Verbascum. 
Muriate of Ammonia.... 12 

Muriatic Acid 4 

Musk Root, see Sumbul. 
Mustard, see Sinnpis. 

paper, see Charta Sinapis. 

Naphthol 21 

Natrium, see Sodium. 
Nettle, see Fldext. urticae. 
Neutralizing Cordial .... 155 

Niemeyer's Pill ::s 

Nitroglycerin Pill 117 

Nitroglycerin, Spirit 143 

Nitromuriatic Acid 5 

Number Six 159 

Opodeldoc, solid 78 

Orange Peel, see Aurantii 

Cortex. x 

Oxgall 55 

Paregoric Elixir, see Tr. Opii 

Cainphorata. 

Parrish's Camphor Mixt. 94 
Parsley, see Petroselinum. 

Pearson's Solution 87 

Pectoral Powder 127 

Pencils. Paste 144 

Peppermint, see Menth. Pip. 
Pepton. Iron and Mang. See 

liq. fer. et man. pept. 
Peptonate Iron Solution. 82 

Peptonizing Powder 128 

Peroxide of Hydrogen. ... 15 
P'M-contage Solutions ... 79 

Petrox, Liquid 311 

IVtrox. Solid Ill 

Petroleum Emulsions.... 51 

Phenacetin 2 

Phenazone, see Antipyrine 13 

Phenol lodatum 3 

Phonylacetamide 1 

Phosphorus, Thompson's 

Solution 8 

Pill Coatings 114 

Pill Prescription 114 

I Plaster-of-Paris . 25 



INDEX TO SYNONYMS. 



197 



PAGE. 

Podophyllin, see Resina 

1'od. '. . . : 130 

Pokeroot, see Phytolacca. 
Poppy, see Papaver. 

Potio Riveri 87 

Powders, Effervescent. . . . 125 

Granular 125 

Powders in Caps., starch. 124 

Powders in Papers 124 

Powders in Tablets 124 

Powders, see Pulveres. . . 124 

Prepared Chalk 37 

Prussia Acid 4 

Pulvis Digestivus 128 

Pulvis Gummosus 125 

Pumpkin Seed, see Pepo. 
Pyrogallic Acid, see Pyro- 

gallol 130 

Pyroxyllin, see Collodium. 

Quevenne's Iron 58 

Red Precipitate, see Hydrar- 
gyri Oxidum Rubrum. 

Reduced Iron 58 

Red Wine, see Vinum Rubrum. 
Resinoids or Eclectic Concen- 
trations, see the Respective 
Extracts. 

Resorcin, see Resorcinol . 130 
Rhatany, see Krameria. 
Rhubarb, see Rheum. 

Rochelle Salts 123 

Rosin, see Resin. 

Saccharin 20 

Sage, see Salvia. 
Salicylated Talc Powder. 129 
Salol, see Phenyl Salicyl. 112 
Salt, see Sodii Chloridum. 
Saltpeter, see Potassii Nitras. 

Salts of Tartar 121 

Salts, see Sales. 

Salve Mulls 168 

Sandal Wood, see Santa- 
lum Rubrum. 

Sapo viridis l,",r> 

Saponated Cresol 161 

Savin, see Sabina. 

Saw, Palmetto, see Sabal. 130 

Seidlitz Powder 127 

Silver lodid Emulsion... 17 

Silver, see Argentum. 

Simple Elixir, see Elixir Aro- 

maticum. 

Slippery Elm, see Ulmus. 
Smith's Sol. of Bromine. 81 
Snakeroot, see Serpentaria. 

Soap, Castile 135 

Soap, see Sapo. 
Soapbark, see Quillaia. 

Soda Mint 96 

Sodium Hyposulphite . . . 141 
Sodium Phosp. Comp. Sol. 87 
Sodium Salicylate Sol.. 6 
Solid Petrox Ill 



PAGE. 

Solutions, percentage ... 79 
Solutions, see Liquores. 
Soothing Ointment, see Ung. 

Resorcini comp. 
Spanish Fly, see Cantharis. 
Spearmint, see Menth. Virid. 

Spermaceti 29 

Spice Plaster 48 

Spirit of Soap 144 

Spiritus Mindererus 79 

Sp-iritus Saponis Kalinus. 78 

Sponge Tent 144 

Squibb's Cholera Mixt. . . 97 
Squill, see Scilla. 
Squibb's Rhubarb Mixt. . . 96 
Starch, see Amylum. 

St. Germain Tea 142 

Steatina lb'8 

Stoke's Mixture 95 

Stomachic Tincture 158 

Suet, see Sevum. 

Sugar 134 

Sugar of Lead, see Plumbi 

Acetas. 

Sulfonal 147 

Sulphocarbolate Sod 141 

Sun Cholera Mixture.... 97 

Suprarenal Glands 66 

Suprarenalin 66 

Sweet Flag, see Calamus. 

Sweet Spirit Nitre 142 

Syrup Canada Snake Root 

Comp 150 

Syrup Cimicifuga Comp. . 150 
Syrup Dover's Powder ... .153 
Syrup of Iodide of Lime. 150 

Syrum of Lemon. 149 

Syrup Spinse Cervinse... 154 

Syrupus Corrigens 151 

Syrupus Diacodii 154 

Syrupus Limonis 149 

Syrupus Yerba Santa.... 151 
Tablet Triturate Formulal65 
Tablets, see Trochisci. . . . 1(35 
Talcum Powd. Salicylated 129 
Tallow, see Sevum. 

Tannigen 7 

Tannin 7 

Tartar Emetic 13 

Tarto-Citric Lemonade. . . 87 
Tasteless Syr. Iodide Iron 152 
Tasteless Tincture Iron . . 160 
Tea, see Flext. Cameliae. 

Tetra-iodo-pyrrol 75 

Thein 22 

Thermalin 28 

Thermof uge 28 

rhielmann's Cholera Mixt. 97 
Thompson's Sol. Phosphor. 85 

Thyroid Glands 66 

Tincture Catechu Comp. see 

Tr. Gambir Co 160 

Tricresol 36 



198 



INDEX TO SYNONYMS. 



PAGE. 

Trional 146 

Tally's Powder 128 

Turkey Corn, see Corydalis. 
Turlington's Balsam, Tr. Ben- 
zoin Co 160 

Turner's Cerate 167 

Turpentine, see Terebinthina. 

Urethane 9 

Uritone 70 

TJrotropin 70 

Vallet's Mass 93 

Vaselin Ill 

Velpeau's Cholera Mixt.. 97 
Vervain, see Verbena. 

Viburnum Compound 164 

Vichy Salt Efferv 129-134 

Vichy Salt, with Lithia.. 129 

Villate's Solution 93 

Vinegar Opium 2 

Vinegar Squill 2 

Vleminck's Solution .... '81 

Volatile Oils 103 

Wafers, Starch 124 

Warburg's Pill 116 

Warburg's Tincture .... 158 



PAGB. 

Warren's Styptic 89 

Washed Sulphur, see Sulphur 
Lotum. 

Washes, see Lotions 89 

Wax, see Cera. 

Whisky, see Spirit. Frumenti. 

White Ash, see Fraxinus. 

White Precipitate, see Hydrar- 
gyrum Ammoniatum. 

White Pine Expectorant. 1.14 

Wild Cherry, see Prunus Vir- 
giniana. 

Wilkinson's Ointment . . . 168 

Wine of Beef 170 

Wines, medicated 170 

Wine, see Vinum. 

Wintergreen, artificial oil of, 
see Methylis Salicylas. 

Wintergreen, see Gaultheria. 

Witch Hazel, see Hamamelis. 

Wool-Fat 9 

Yellow Mercuric Oxide, see 
Hydrargyri Oxidum Flavum. 

Yellow Wash DO 

Yerba Santa, see Eriodictyon. 



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