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Full text of "Phytologia"

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PHYTOLOGli^ ! j 



r < ^ N 
Designed to expedite botanical publication ^ \ '^ 



Vol. 28 May, 1974 No. 1 

Z 
CONTENTS 

MORTON, G. H., A new subspecies and other nomenclatural changes in 

the Solidago arguta complex 1 

DUKE, J. A., Notes on Meo and Yao poppy cultivation 5 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Additional notes on the genus Acantholippia. Ill ... . 9 

WURDACK, J. J., Notes on Brazilian Polygalaceae 10 

SHERWOOD, M., A new Hyaloscypha from New York 15 

CROIZ AT, L., Epiphy Hum steyermarkii, a new Cactaceae from Venezuela . . 17 

READ, R. W., Tillandsia adamsii a new Jamaican species 21 

SMITH, L. B., Notes on Bromeliaceae, XXV 24 

ROBINSON, H., & BRETTELL, R. D., Studies in the Liabeae (Asteraceae). 

II. Preliminary survey of the genera 43 

ROBINSON, H., Additions to the genus Taxiphyllum (Hypnaceae, Musci). . 64 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). 

CXX. Additions to the genus Koanophyllon in Panama 67 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). 

CXXI. Additions to the genus Fleischmannia 73 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). 

CXXI I. A new genus, Sartorina 97 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Notes on new and noteworthy plants-LXVI 101 

MOLDENKE, A. L., Book reviews 102 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Additional notes on the genus Verbena. XIX 104 



Published by Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke 

303 Parkside Road 
Plainfield, New Jersey 07060 

U.S.A. Y 

Price of this number $2.50; per volume $8.50 in advance or $9 at close 
of volume; 50 cents extra to foreign addresses 



A NEW SUBSPECIES AND OTHER NOMENCLATURAL CHANGES 
IN THE SOLIDAGO ARGUTA COMPLEX 

Gary H. Morton 

Department of Botany - Rutgers University 

Newark, NJ 07102 

Since the treatment of the Solidago ar^uta com- 
plex will be published in parts with the keys aind 
description of taxa last, it has become necessary to 
propose the following changes and new subspecies. 
Table 1 provides the synonymy to facilitate usage of 
several current treatments. 

SOLIDAGO ARGUTA ssp. BOOTTII (Hook.) G. Morton, stat. 
nov. S. boottii Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. li 97 • 
1835' as to type, not of authors. 

The fragmentary type on a mixed sheet is clearly 
identifiable as the specimen collected by Drummond in 
Louisiana. The few remaining upper cauline leaves 
possess hairs on the abaxial midvein, which indicates 
that the name should be applied to those plants that 
were previously referred to as S. strigosa Small. 
This application is further supported by the fact 
that all herbarium specimens from Louisiana have 
hairs on the midveins. 



SOLIDAGO ARGUTA ssp. CAROLINIANA (Gray) G. Morton, 
Stat. nov. S. ar guta var. caroliniana Gray, 
Syn. Fl. N. Am. l(2)i 155. 1884. 



This taxon is composed of both diploid (2n=l8) 
and tetraploid (2n=36) individuals. In my disserta- 
tion I considered individuals of the different ploidy 
levels as distinct entities and annotated them as S. 
vaseyi Heller (2n=36{ basionym, S. arguta var. car - 
oliniana ) and a new taxon under S. arguta , using the 
subspecif ic epithet austrina (2n=l8). Additional ma- 
terial that has come to my attention indicates that 
the distinctiveness was due more to the populations 
available for study than to the actual situation. 

SOLIDAGO ARGUTA ssp. PSEUDOYADKINENSIS G. Morton, 
ssp. nov. 

Caules e caudice verticali brevissimo perenni 
lateralites adscendentes-erecti (rhizomate horizon- 
tali nullo){ folia basalia elliptica, glabra, laminis 
plerumque minus quam 3 cm latis, saepissime 4 ad 6- 

1 



2 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

plo longioribus quam latis, in petiolum alatum con- 
tractisj involucris ^-6.5 mm altis; ligulis plerum- 
que ^-6; achaeniis strigosis. 2n=l8. 

TYPE J North Carolina} Bladen County, sandhill, 
5.2 mi. south of Ammon on Route 2^2, July 18, 1969t 
G. Morton # 3765 « Holotype TENN; Isotypes NY, GH, 
SMU. 

DISTRIBUTION! Open woods, wooded borders and 
clearings, usually in sand or sandy soils; Piedmont 
and Coastal Plain of North Carolina and northern 
South Carolina extending also into southeastern Vir- 
ginia and northeastern Georgia. 

This new subspecific name is necessary because 
the various names previously used are now attributed 
to other taxa. 

SQLIDAGQ X YADKINENSIS (Porter) Small (pro sp. ) 
S. yadkinensis (Porter) Small, Bull. Torr. Bot. 
Club 22i 368. 1895. S. boottii var. yadkinensis 
Porter, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 19j 129. I892. 

The anthers of the disk florets of the holotype 
are without pollen. Although the holotype could be 
referable with some stretching to S. arguta ssp. 
pseudoyadkinensis , the series of specimens collected 
by Small a year later at the same location clearly 
indicates that all the collected specimens are part 
of a hybrid swarm. One of the parents is S. stricta 
or a closely related species. The other parent might 
possibly be found among S. .juncea , S. arguta ssp. 
carol in iana or ssp. pseudoyadkinensis . The holotype 
is some stage of backcrossing with the latter type 
of parent. 

SQLIDAGQ X NEURQLEPIS Fernald (pro sp. ) S. neuro- 
lepis Fernald, Rhodora 38 i 212. tab. 421, 422. 
fig. 1. 1936. 

Only two specimens are known for this taxon. 
The pollen stainability is reduced (78%) in the holo- 
type. The morphology is intermediate enough to sug- 
gest that the parents might be sought among S. ul - 
mifolia or S. rugosa ssp. aspera and S. arguta ssp. 
arguta or ssp. carolinisma . 



19 7U Morton, The Solldago arguta complex 

Acknowledgements 

I would like to thank Mr. Rupert Bameby of the 
New York Botanical Garden for assistance with the 
Latin description and also Dr. Arthur Cronquist of 
the same institution for helpful comments after 
reading the manuscript. 

Literature Cited 

Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's Manual of Botany. 8th. 
ed. American Book Company, New York. 

Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. I963. Manual of 

Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States 
and Adjacent Canada. D. Van Nostrand Company, 
Inc., Princeton, NJ. 

Radford, A. F. , H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. I968. 

Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. 
University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill. 

Small, J. K. 1933. Manual of the Southeastern Flora. 
Published by the author, NY. 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



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08 



Notes on Meo and Yao Poppy Cultivation 
James A. Duke 



December 6, 1971, I visited a lleo village near Chiangmai, 
Thailand, and December 16, 1971, a Yao village north of Van 
Vieng, Laos. The following observations are based on these 
visits and conversations with area officials . 

The White Meo village of 2U families was founded in 1969. 
The houses, with timber sidings, dirt floors, and one of U 
types of rat-infested thatch roofs, were penneated with smoke 
from trixylic fires. Rice had been harvested and some was being 
sun-dried. Popped rice was strewn on altars, characteristic of 
the houses . 

Within three miles of the village were at least five poppy 
( Papaver somniferum L.) fields (Fig. 1), three with a few plants 
already in flower. Most flowers were white, but some were 
purplish. The Meo did not like early sporadic flowering, at- 
tributing this to poor soil conditions. Some poppies grew in the 
stubble of com, harvested a few weeks earlier. Intercropped 
with the poppy was an occasional taro or fruit tree. Seme fields 
were separated from the road by fences lined with pleasantly 
aromatic plants of marihuana. Cannabis sativa L., 2.5 m tall, 
with short internodes and swollen nodes . Dried Cannabis was of- 
fered for sale. 

Meo, Yao, Thai and Lao called marihuana canja or cans ha , and 
opium fin . Marihuana leaves were used in soups in southeast 
Asia. Opixmi was used medicinally and there was some addiction, 
estimated at about 10 percent among the Meo, 15 percent among 
the Yao. In the hills, crude opium commanded about $25.00 to 
$80.00 per kilogram. Many Meo and Yao planted poppies as a 
money crop, paying other ethnic groups for rice and staples. 

In Laos, thanks to AID officials, I visited a Yao village at 
an elevation of about 1,000 m. Mr, Fletcher H. Poling and Mr. 
Seng Dao of the USAID/Lao Economic Affairs Division, having com- 
pleted a short study, stated that the 28-year-old village had 28 
families. The houses resembled Meo houses, but had tin roofs. 
According to Poling and Dao's data, the head of the average 
family of 9 members was about 50 years old. A family averaged 
about 15 chickens, 8 pigs, 2 cows, and 1 duck. There was about 
one horse for every two families, one buffalo for every four 
families. An average family produced annually about 1,300 kg 

■k)hief , Plant Taxonomy Laboratory, Plant Genetics and jermplaam 
Institute, Agricultural Reseaurch Service, Beltsville, Md, 20705 



6 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no, 1 

rice, $U5.00 worth of vegetables, and 10 kg opium, reportedly 
worth more than $750 .CX), 

Castor bean, citrus (especially pumcielo), coffee, guava, or- 
ange, purging nut, and tobacco were ciiltivated in or near the 
village. Most rice was grown below the village while other veg- 
etables, fruits, and poppies were grown in the karst hills above 
the village. Rather dense stands of Ageratum , Cassia , and Sambu- 
cus occurred Just outside the village. Steep trails ascended 
through cloud forest and bamboo brake in the limestone karst to 
the popj^ fields. 

The interconnected poppy fields had been used for about three 
years and would probably be used for about seven more. A youth 
was clearing a forested area nearby, which, after burning toward 
the end of the dry season, was to be sown to poppy in 1972. As 
in the lleo field, charred stumps remained in the poppy fields. 
Frequent large, bare spots, resulting partly from poor seeding, 
partly f ran intensive cultivation, were said to make poppy fields 
recognizable in aericil photographs. The mixture of crops in 
these Yao poppy fields shoiild give them different photogrammetric 
signatures fixan the nearly monospecific Meo poppy fields. The 
Yao poppy fields (Fig. 2) had more than 25 interspersed crops, 
among them, amaranth, balsam pear, banana suid related spp., bean, 
betel, cabbage, Chinese radish, corn, cucumber, dill, eggplant, 
fennel, ginger, guava, kale, lemongrass, mint, mustard, onion, 
papaya, pea, pineapple, radish, string bean and possibly yard- 
long string bean, sugarcane, sweet potato, taro and yam bean. 

Poppy seeds were broadcast periodically for several weeks 
starting in November and early December. Seedlings, yo\ing plants, 
flowering and fruiting specimens and harvested specimens all oc- 
cvirred in one field. Unlike the i!eo, these Yao preferred to 
stagger the planting to stagger the harvest. Like Meo, the Yao 
weeded carefully, and thinned out the seedlings . Unlike some 
ethnic groups, the Meo and Yao did not eat the seedlings. In 
these fields, white flowers were more frequent than purplish 
flowers, v/hich outnumbered carmine flowers. Fringed petals were 
occasional, in all colors, as was spotting near the base of the 
petals . The Yao believed that pvurplish-f lowered poppies blocmed 
sooner and had a darker, but equally potent, latex. At harvest, 
pods were slit vertically on one side vd.tb a three-bladed knife, 
preferably shortly after noon. Earlj' the next day, the exuded 
latex was scraped off into a small container with a spatula. On 
the third day, the other side of the capstile was lanced. At the 
village, the latex was mixed with water and boiled in a bronze 
pail, then strained, and boiled until thick. Cooled opixun, 
kneaded into a dough-like consistency, was said to keep for sev- 
eral years, enabling the farmer to hold some back for favorable 
prices . 



19714 



Duke, Poppy cultivation 



The Meo and Yao, unlike Turkish peasants, did not use the 
seeds for oil or condiment. For the next year, the Yao selected 
seeds from the bi^jgest pods, dried them in the sun for a day or 
so, and stored them in the "attic" in split bamboo containers, 
not directly over the fire. Poisoned rice was spread to prevent 
rats from eating the poppy seed. 

Broad conclusions should not be drawn from a study of too few 
poppj' fields . A look at one group of V.eo fields in Thailand and 
Yao fields in Laos indicated that cultural conditions, intercrop- 
ping patterns, photogrammetric signatures and poppies themselves 
may vary widely in the poppy fields of southeast Asia. 




L 



"1* 




Fie. !• Meo Poppy Fielci Hear 
Chi?r.3mai, Thailand (December, 1971) 
(C annabis sativa was frequent along fence lines) 



PEITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




Fig. 2. Yao Poppy Field llorth of 
Van Vie as, Laos 



ADDITION/LL NOTES ON THE GENUS ACAOTHOLIPPU « III 
Harold N, Moldenke 



ACANTEOLIPPIA Griseb. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Pereyra, Bol. Univ. Nac . 
TucumAn Mus. Hist. Nat. 8: 1—7, pl. 1 & 2. 1926; G. Klein, 
Handb. Pflanzenanal . 2 (1): 762 (1932) and 3 (1): 601, 637, & 61x5. 
1932; Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. Sh (1): 1171 [367]. 1932; 
Covaa & Schnack, Revist. Argent. Agron. lii: 229. 19U7; Fester, 
Hartiniizzi , Retamar, & Ricciardi, Rev, Fac . Ing. Quim. 2k- 37. 
1955; Darlington & Wylie, Chrcm. Atl. 32li. 1956; Cabrera, Revist. 
Invest. Agric. Buenos Aires 11: 327, 339, 3U3, 359, 366. 369, & 
397, fig. 1. 1957; R. C Foster, Contrib. Gray. Herb. l8U: 168. 
1958; Anon., Diet. Gat. Nat. Agric. Lib. 38: 102. I968; Bollch., 
Grif, Matvej., & Zakhar., Chrom. Numb. Flow. PI. 711; . 1969; T^t- 
^ryi, Infraspec. Chem. Taxa Ked. PI. 109 . 1970; Moldenke, Fifth 
Summ. 1: U, 181, 190, 191, 191;, 377, & 387 (1971) and 2: 553—557, 
559, 561i— 567, 693, 753, & 8J4I;. 1971; Hueck & Seibert in Walter, 
Vegetationsmonog. Einz . Gros. 2a: 65. 1972; Moldenke, Biol, Abstr. 
53: 5798. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 22: 29U— 298 (1972) and 23: 
U33 fc 503. 1972; Rogerson, Rickett, & Becker, Bull. Torrey Bot. 
Club 99: 156. 1972; Thanikaimoni, Inst. Frang. Pond. Trav. Sect. 
Scient. & Techn. 12 (1): 2. 1972. 

It shoTild be noted that the Cabrera (1957) reference in the 
above bibliography is dated "1958" on the printed index card in 
the New York Botanical Garden library, a reprint from the Torrej- 
Botanical Club's Index to American Botanical Literature. Perhaps 
this is the date of its receipt at that library. The title-page 
of the number involved is plainly dated "1957". 

ACAOTHOLIPPIA DESERTICOLA (R. A. Phil.) Moldenke 

Additional synonymy: Lippia trifida var. gracilis Phil, in 
Reiche fc Phil., Fl. Chil. 5: 300. 1910. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Reiche & Phil., Fl. Chil. 
5: 298, 300, & 301. 1910 ; Cabrera, Revist. Invest. Agric. Buenos 
Aires 11: 397. 1957; R. C Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. I8U: 168. 
1958; Moldenke, Fifth Sianm. 1: 181, I90, I9U, & 377 (1971) and 
2: 553, 559, 565, 567, & QUh. 1971; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 53: 
5798. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 22: 295 (1972) and 23: U33.1972. 

ACAIfTHOLIPPU RASTULATA Griseb. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Pereyra, Bol. Univ. Nac. 
Tucumftn Mus. Hist. Nat. 8: 1—7, pl. 1 & 2. 1926; G. ELein, 
Handb. Pflanzenanal. 2 (1): 762 (1932) and 3 (1): 6OI, 637, & 
61i5. 1932; Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. $h (1): 1171 [367]. 
1^32; Cabrera, Revist. Invest. Agric. Buenos Aires 11: 339, 3U3, 
359, 369, & 397, fig. 1. 1957; Anon., Diet. Cat. Nat. Agric. 
Lib. 38: 102. I968; Moldenke, Fifth Summ. 1: I8I, 19U, & 377 
(1971) and 2: 556 & Qhh. 1971. [to be continued] 

9 



NOTES ON BRAZILIAN POLYGALACEAE 

John J. Wurdack 
U. S. National Herbarium, Smithsonian Institution 



POLYGALA OPIMA Wurdack, sp. nov. 

In systemate Chodatii P. spec tab ili DC. af finis, foliis 
obovato-oblongis vel oblongo-ellipticis apice pler\imque obtuso 
vel rotundato inflorescentiae bracteis brevioribus differt. 

Suffrutex 15-30 cm altus unicaulis vel e basim l-3-caulis; 
caulis striatus sparse pilis incurvis 0.1-0.2 mm longis obsitus 
glabrescens inferne lignosus; folia crassiuscula (3 •5") 5 "10 
(11.5) X (l.5-)2.5-6 cm obovato-oblonga vel oblongo-elliptica, 
apice obtuso vel rotundato minute (0.2-0. 3 mm) apiculato, basi 
cuneata et in petiolum indistinctum usque ad basim decurrentia, 
sparse vel modice ciliolata (ciliis 0.1-0.2 mm longis gracilibus) 
alioqui glabra vel subglabra (costa supra et subtus interdum 
pilis perpaucis obtecta), nervis primariis utrinque 10-12 
ascendentibus costaque subtus crassiusculis nervulis incon- 
spicuis; stipulae cornigerae O.5-O.8 X O.5-O.7 mm truncatae. 
Racemi 5~11 cm longi grandiflori axe sicut pedicellis sepalis 
exterioribusque sparse inconspicueque puberuli, pilis gracili- 
bus incurvis ca. 0.1 mm longis, bracteis plerumque 1-2 mm longis 
lanceatis deciduis, spinels cornigeris O.7-O.9 X 0.4 mm conico- 
cylindricis truncatis. Pedicelli 5~10 nm longi; sepala exter- 
iora libera sparse ciliolata suborbicularia rotundata duo 3*5 X 
2.7-3 ram sub plana uno 6 X 7 mm naviculare; alae minute papillosae 
13-15 X 12-13. 5 ™ii ovato-orbiculares, apice paulo retuso, 
margine glabro. Petala lateralia glabra ca. 25 X 2-3.5 mm, 
apice rotundato; carina ca. 19 mm longa glabra. Stylus ca. 
15 mm longus basaliter per 10 mm O.3 mm latus apicem versus 1 mm 
latus et curvatus ad stigmata I.5 mm latus, stigma inferiore 
includens; capsula 9 X 8 mm obcordata glabra; seminis corpus 
5 X 2.5 mm, carunculo terminali 1.2 mm alto, appendice dorsali 
4 X 1.2 mm semen 2/3 aequante. 

Type Collection: H. S. Irwin . R. Souza , & R. Re is dos 
Santos 10816 (holotype US 2530U0I; isotype NY), collected in 
cerrado ca. I5 km south of Corumba de Goias, Serra dos Pirineus, 
Goias, Brazil, elev. 1000 m, 30 Nov. I965. "Fleshy herb ca. 
15 cm tall. Calyx purplish green; corolla cream, apically 
yellow; fruiting calyx deep purple." 

Paratypes (all Brazil): Distrito Federal (elev. 7OO-I225 
m): Irwin & Soderstrom 6I56 . from Catetinho; Irwin & Soderstrom 
5725 . from 15 km east of Brasilia; Irwin, Souza , & dos Santos 
9017 . from 1.5 km east of Sobradinho; Irwin, Souza, & dos Santos 
10108 . from 3 km north of Sobradinho; Irwin, Souza, & dos Santos 
10583. from 12 km east of Braslandia. Goias (elev. 8OO-II5O m): 
Irwin & Soderstrom 7512 . from Serra do Caiapo ca. 60 km south of 
Caiaponia; Irwin . Souza . & dos Santos IO565 . from Serra do Rio 

10 



197U Wurdack, Brazilian Pol^^galaceae 11 

Preto 3 km east of Cabeceiras; Irwin . Grear . Souza . & dos 
Santos 13826, from Serra dos Cristais ca. 25 km south of Crista - 
lina; Irwin . Grear . Souza . & dos Santos lU2^5 . from Serra Geral 
de Goias ca. 35 km north of Formosa; A. Mace do ^785 (US), from 
Anapolis; Irwin. Maxwell & Wasshausen 19367. from Pico dos 
Pirineus. Minas Gerais: A. Mace do 4290 . from Uberlandia. 

Polygala s-pectabilis has thinner acuminate leaves, well- 
defined petioles O.3-O.5 cm long, and subulate inflorescence 
bracts 3-8 mm long. Polygala autranii Chodat (isotype NY) has 
fine-setulose (hairs O.U-O.5 mm long) stems and leaves, as well 
as inflorescence glands narrowly cylindric and I.5 nim long. 
All other species in Sect. Ligustrina except P. anatina Chodat 
have smaller flowers and/or acuminate leaves; that Peruvian 
exception (from the description and type photo) has obtusish 
leaves and large flowers, but ciliate alae, narrowly cylindric 
inflorescence glands 1 ram long, and a projecting lower stigma. 
It is somewhat surprising that such an abiindantly collected 
species as P. opima has not heretofore been described, but the 
foliar character seems definitive. 

POLYGALA HEBECLADA DC. var. IMPENSA Wurdack, var. nov. 

Foliorum laminae anguste ovatae vel ellipticae 2-5 X I.3- 
2.h cm. Floris alae 8.5-9 mm longae. 

Type Collection: H. S. Irwin, R. Souza , & R. Re is dos 
Santos 10^49 (holotype US 2530423; isotype NY), collected in ^ 
cerrado ca. 8 km east of Cabeceiras, Serra do Rio Preto, Goias, 
Brazil, l6° S, ^7° W, elev. 1000 m, I8 Nov. I965. "Erect herb 
to 40 cm tall. Outer perianth greenish violet without, lavender 
within; inner perianth lavender -purple . " 

Paratypes (both Goias): Irwin & Soderstrom 7367 . from ca. 
50 km. south of Caiaponia on road to Jataf, Serra do Caiapo, 
elev. 800-1000 m; Irwin , Souza, & Reis dos Santos IO78O . from 
ca. l4 km. south of Corxjmba de Goias, Serra dos Pirineus, elev. 
975 m. 

Ihe typical variety of P. hebeclada and the minor depar- 
tures described by Chodat have linear to lance -linear leaves to 
about 0.5 cm wide and alae 5 "6.5 n™ long (i.e. only about |- the 
area in var. impensa ) . Despite this gigantism, no qualitative 
difference in floral structure is noticeable. 

Certainly, two species are involved in P. hebeclada sensu 
Chodat, one with short erect pedicels even in fruit, the other 
with longer slender pedicels recurved in fruit. From the 
Maicbride photographs, the former is P. hebeclada DC. (left-hand 
sprig in Macbride photo 3^962, annotated — fide Macbride — by 
Candolle. The central sprig in this photograph also seems to 
be P. hebeclada . although apparently a part of the St. Hilaire 
collection of P. hyssopifolia St. Hil. & Moq., while the right- 
hand branchlet shows pendulous pedicels). In publishing 
P. hyssopifolia in 1828, St. Hilaire and Moquin cited P. 
hebeclada (published in l824) as a synonym; the following year 
in Flora Brasiliae Meridionalis, they synonymized P. hyssopifolia 
under P. hebeclada . St. Hilaire and Moquins' name of 1828 thus 



12 



PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 



is Illegitimate, quite apart from the probable species mixture 
in St. Hilaire's collection. If my interpretation of P. 
hebeclada is correct, the next available name for the cernuous- 
fruited species is P. rhodoptera Mart, ex Bennett (placed by 
Chodat in synonymy under P. hebeclada ) . Poly^ala hebeclada and 
P. rhodoptera are symjiatric, ranging from Goias and Mato Grosso 
to Parana in Brazil and eastern Bolivia. 

POLYGALA IRWINII Wurdack, sp. nov. 

In habitu P. bracteatae A. W. Benn. et P. cuepidatae DC. 
affinis inflorescentiae bracteis terminalibus ellipticis differt. 

Caulis 30-^5 cm altus inferne plerumque simplex ad apicem 
ipsem multiramoEus apicem versus angulatus et paulo alatus 
primum sicut inflorescentiae axis sparse puberulus pilis 0.1 mm 
longis erectis glabrescens. Folia nxmerosa inferne ^-verticil- 
lata et obovato-oblonga superne alterna et elliptica vel 
oblongo-elliptica (l-)2-2.5(-3.5) X (0.5-)0.8-1.2(-1.5) cm, 
apice late acuto vel obtuso. basi late acuta mucronata (mucro 
acutissimo 0.3-0.^ mm longo), breviter (O.5-O.8 mm) alato- 
petiolata modice pellucido-p\inctata sparsissime caduceque cilio- 
lata (ciliis O.O5-O.I mm longis), venis secundariis utrinque ca. 
6 inconspicuis. Racemi numerosi densiflori plerumque 1.5-3 X 
1-1. 5 cm, pedunculis ca. 1 cm longis; bracteae caulinares 
terminales abaxiales l.T-3 X 1-1.6 mm ovato-ellipticae, apice 
hebeti-acuto, adaxiales O.7-I.3 X O.3-O.5 mm lanceatae. Pedi- 
celli ca. 0.3 ram longi; sepala exteriora libera sparse ciliolata 
orbiculari-ovata sparse croceo-maculata, apice lato vel hebeti- 
obtuso, duo l.T-1.9 X 1.6-l.T mm, vino 2.2 X I.9 mm; alae 5 X 
3.3 ™n obovato-ellipticae modice croceo-maculatae glabrae, apice 
rotundato non cuspidato. Petala lateralia h X 1.7-1-9 mm 
glabra, apice per 2.5 mm libero rotundato; carina (crista 
exclusa) ca. 3«5 ™n longa, crista e flabellis duobus O.5-O.8 mm 
longis paulo (0.2 mm) lobulatis composita. Styli pars gracilis 
ca. 0.8 mm longa, apice expanse O.9 X 0.8 mm, stigmate supero 
ca. 0.5 mm eminente infero semi-incluso. Capsula 2.8 X 1.6 mm 
oblonga glabra croceo-maculata; semina (carunculo excluso) 2.3 X 
0.8 mm cylindracea nigra sparse pills minutis praedita, carun- 
culo terminali 0.6 mm alto, appendicibus descendentibus 1.8 mm 
longis ca. O.5 mm quam semine brevioribus. 

Type Collection: H. S. Irwin . J. W. Grear, Jr., R. Souza, 
& R. Re is dos Santos 168^7 (holotype US 2530^1^^; isotype NY), 
collected in cerrado ca. 87 km north of Xavantina, Serra do 
Roncador, Mato Grosso, Brazil, elev. 55O m, 2 June I966. "Herb 
to ca. 30 cm tall. Perianth pale green. Fruit green. Frequent." 

Paratopes (both Mato Grosso): Irvin. Grear . Souza . & Re is 
dos Santos I6275, from cerrado, Rio Turvo ca. 210 km north of 
Xavantina, Serra do Roncador; Hatschbach 32027 from S. Jose da 
Serra (mun. Cuiaba). 

In both related species, the abaxial of each subtending 
bract pair is narrowly lanceate and 2.5-5 X 0.i|-l mm, the 
terminal part of the inflorescence thus being conspicuously 
comate; in all material examined of P. cuspidata sensu Chodat, 



1971; Vftirdack, Brazilian Polygalaceae 13 

the crest is of 2-3 pairs of lobes, rather than the one pair 
foiind in P. irwinii . Perhaps P. bracteata and P. cuspidata are 
synonymous, Chodat not having seen the Pohl syntypes of 
Bennett's species. Bennett had synonytnized P. cuspidata xinder 
P. timoutou Aubl., apjiarently without seeing the type in the 
Geneva herbarium, and described P. comata Mart, ex Benn. which 
Chodat synonymized under P. cuspidata . Regardless of the 
distinctness from one another of these earlier -published 
species, P. irwinii is certainly not equatable with any of 
them. Polygala hygrophiloides S. Moore differs (ex descr. and 
photo) from P. irwinii at least in the smaller statxire (ca. 
15 cm), smaller (2X0. 4-0. 7 cm) lanceate leaves, long-pedun- 
culate (to 6 cm) racemes, and appendage only I/3 as long as 
the seed. Cardenas h'^Gl (US), from between San Micerato and 
Santiago de Chiquitos, Bolivia, resembles P. irwinii in inflo- 
rescence bracts, but differs in the relatively narrower leaves, 
longer racemes, and bilobed crest; this Bolivian material was 
distributed as P. cuspidata . but is rather probably undescribed. 

POLYGALA VITELLINA Wurdack, sp. nov. 

In systemate Chodatii ut videtur P. subtil i H.B.K. distanta: 
af finis, floribus maioribus flavidis differt. 

Herba glabra 2O-35 cm alta apicem versus pauciramosa. 
Folia alterna remota 2-4 X O.3-O.5 mm oblongo-linearia tenuia 
sicut caulis inconspicue guttulis aureis obsita. Inflorescentia 
capitata 0.8-1.5(-2) X O.7-O.8 cm, apice vix comato, bracteolis 
0.6-0.8 X 0.2-0.4 mm lanceatis caducis adaxialibus non guttatis 
abaxialibus sparse aurantiaco-maculatis, pedicellis O.5-O.7 mm 
longis. Sepala exteriora obtusa anguste elliptica vel ellip- 
tlco-ovata basim versus sparse croceo-maculata, duo 1 X 0.4- 
0.5 mm. uno 1.4-1.5 X 0.8-0. 9 mm; alae oblongo-ellipticae (apice 
obtuso) 2.9-3 X 1.3 nm trinervatae apicem versus sparse croceo- 
maculatae. Petala lateralla 2.3-2.5 X O.7 mm carinae cristam 
paulo superantia, apice rotundato; carinae pars libera (crista 
exclusa) ca. 0.6 mm longa croceo-tnaculata, crista e flabellis 
4 hebetibus 0.4 mm longis composita. Stigma superum penicil- 
latum, inferum tuberculatum; styli pars infera 0.6 mm longa, 
pars expansa 0.4 mm longa; ovarium obconicum croceo-tnaculatum; 
capsula oblongo-obovata I.5 X 0.8 mm; semina 0.6 X O.35 mm 
ovato-ellipsoidea minutissime apiculata nigra glabra exappen- 
diculata . 

Type Collection: H. S. Irwin. J. W. Grear . Jr. . R. Souza . 
& R. Re is doE Santos l63l4 (holotype US 2530417; isotype NY), 
collected at gallery margin ca. 86 km north of Xavantina, Serra 
do Roncador, Mato Grosso, Brazil, elev. 55O m, 3I May I966. 
"Erect herb ca. 25 cm tall. Perianth yellow -orange. " 

Polygala subtilis has much smaller (alae ca. 1 mm long) 
white flowers on pedicels 0.2-0. 3 mm long. Polygala mlcrospora 
Blake also has considerably smaller flowers and persistent 
bracteoles, while P. saprophytica Chod. ex Grondona is smaller 
(11-15 cm tall) with broader (l mm) leaves, longer racemes, 5-7- 
lobed carina, and alae shorter than the carina. Actually, 



Ill PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

P. vitellina has much the general aspect of P. tenuis DC. (with 
much more prominent 7-lobed crest and relatively narrower alae 
only 2/3 as long), with seeds as in the glabrous element of 
that species (vide infra). Closer still is P. herbiola St. Hil. 
fi Moq., with pinkish flowers, carinal crest of ca. h pairs of 
lobes up to 1.3 mm long, and puberulous seeds. The latter 
species was moved by Chodat to the Trichospermae . having been 
previously placed by Jennett near P. tenuis ; Chodat noted that 
the floral details are like those of P. longicaulis H.B.K. and 
its allies, but the seeds are anomalous in this relationship. 
Polygala herbiola has been collected several times in Goias and 
the Distrito Federal by Irwin and his colleagues ( 5I79. 11^7^ , 
12388 . 12^31 . 13295 ) and may be the closest relative of 
P. vitellina . 

POLYGALA TENUIS DC., Prodr. 1: 329. 182^4-. 

Chodat (using Greek letters only) distinguished several 
varieties of this rather widespread species by flower color and 
robustness of habit; the salient specific feature is the small 
estrophiolate seed. Among the recent planalto collections, 
several have completely glabrous seeds ( Irwin, Souza . & Re is 
dos Santos 9758 and Irwin . Grear . Souza . & Reis dos Santos 
13^97 p. p., from Serra dos Cristais, Goias; Irwin, Souza . & 
Reis dos Santos 10233 p. p., from Gama, Distrito Federal; 
Irwin . Souza, Grear, & Reis dos Santos 17219. from 75 km south 
of Xavantina, Mato Grosso), but are otherwise indistinguishable 
from the more commonly collected material with puberulous seeds. 
Without examination of the types of the Chodat variants, it 
does not seem advisable to describe the glabrous -seeded form; 
in two of the collection numbers ( 10233. 13^97 ). individual 
sprigs have either glabrous or puberulous seeds. In Chodat 's 
arrangement, the seed feature would key collections such as 
9758 to near P. subtilis H.B.K. , P. microspora Blake, and P. 
saprophytica Chod. ex Grondona; all these species have smaller 
flowers and/or shorter leaves. 



A NEW HYALOSCYPHA FROM NEW YORK 



MARTHA SHERWOOD 

Plant Pathology Herbarium 

Cornell University , Ithaca, N. 1. 

Hyaloscypha cincinnata Sherwood s^. nov. (Figure 1) 

Apothecia hyalina, vix 150 urn lata, sessilia. Pili num- 
erosi, 35-52 pm longi, basi bulbosa 3.5-5.0 ym lati, sursum 
in apicem tenuem minute circinatum angustati. Asci 8-spori, 
4.0-5.5 X 20-26 pm, late clavati, poro iodo tincto non caer- 
ulescente. Spori hyalini, unicellulares, lunati, 1.5-2.0 X 
4.0-5.5 um. 

Hab. in ligno taxonomice indeterminato. 

Holotypjus: CUP 53226, Lost Gorge (Hendershot Gulf near Swan 
Hill road) stage 28, Schuyler County, N.Y., M.A. Sherwood 




b <::p 




Figure 1 
Hyaloscypha cincinnata X1500. (a) ascus (b) spores (c) hairs, 
DravsTi from type with the aid of a Wild drawing tube 



15 



16 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

no. 1316, Sept. 13, 1973. 

Etymology: cincinnata: curly-haired. 

Hyalosoypha cincinnata may be distinguished from other 
species in the genus by the coiled hairs and lunate spores. 
Coiled hairs are relatively rare in the Hyaloscyphaceae. The 
hairs of the present species are quite distinct from the 
loosely coiled hairs of Velutaria griseo-vitellina (Fckl.) 
Fckl, or Lasiobelonium miniopsis (Ell.) Dennis, and are clo- 
ser to those of Hyaloscypha than Unguioutella. Paraphyses 
were not seen in our material. 

The author wishes to acknowledge the assistance of 
Richard Korf in preparing the manuscript and of William 
Dress in supplying the Latin diagnosis. 



EPIPHYLLDM STETERMARKII , A NET* CACTACE/LE FROK VENEZUELA 
Leon Croizat 



The genus Eplphyll\m ( Phyllocactu3 of authors) comprises, in ac- 
cordance with the treatoent of Backeberg (Das Kakteen Lexicon, 
1965), sane 20 species, whose geographic distribution is the fol- 
loiring: k endemics froiL Mexico (Hayarit, Jalisco, and two from Oa- 
xaca), 3 from Guatemala, 3 from Honduras, 6 from Costa Rica, 2 frco 
Panawi,! (E. strictua ) from southern Mexico to Panami, 1 (E^ hook - 
eri ) in Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, and the Guianas, 1 (E_^ oxypet- 
aluic ) from Mexico and Gxiatamala to Venezuela and Brazil, 1 ( E. 
phyllanthus ) distributed from Panami to Colombia, Venezuela, Guy- 
ana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Paraguay. 

According to Backeberg the genus Haxniera is placed close to 
Epiphyllum , being distinguished, in his opinion, by the presence of 
spines on the ovary, these spines being completely absent in Epi- 
phyllvm . Backeberg (op. cit.) refers to two species of Mamiara , 
K. chrysocardium from Chiapas, V'exico, and M^ macroptera of Costa 
Rica. The flower and the ovary of these two species are illustra- 
ted by Backeberg (op. cit. figs. 222-221;) in such a manner which 
leaves no doubt as to the character, which in his opinion, separ- 
ates Epiphyllum and Llamiera . 

The pattern of geographical distribution in Epiphyllum is, in 
general, of a very common type: its species follow a path leading 
west and south in llexico along the length of Central America, 
thence forking upon reaching Colombia, whereupon one branch extends 
paralleling the Caribbean coast and the Atlantic to the Guianas, 
and verj' probably to eastern Brazil, while the other branch follows 
the Andes from Ecuador to Paraguay and across Peru and Bolivia. 
According to Angely (Flora Anal. Fitogeogr, Esta. Sao Paulo 1: 9U. 
1969) 3 species of Epiph^-llxaa reach southeastern Brazil {E_^ phyllan - 
thus , E. opuntioides , and S. acuminatum ) . There is no doubt that 
E, phyllanthus is a species of Epiphyllum , but E, opuntioides be- 
longs to the genus Epiphyllanthus (Britton 5: Rose, Cactaceae U: 
130. 1923), while E^ acimlnatun is synoivmous , according to Britton 
& Rose (op. cit. p. 189), with E. oxypetalum , the native "Flor de 
Baile" (sensu stricto) of Venezuela. Actually, it appears, then, 
that onlj' one species of true Epiphyllum is native to southeastern 
Brazil, this being E. phyllanthus , which has the most extensive 
distribution in the entire genus. It remains to be established 
whether this cactus has reached southeastern Brazil by way of Bo- 
livia and Paraguay or fran the Guianas. However that may be, we 
have a fairly complete idea of the geographical distribution of 
Epiphyllum and of Karaiera. In the type of distribution presented 
here, it is not at all rare that Costa Rica and the area between 
Guatemala and Panaooi are particularly rich in possessing distinct 

17 



18 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

species. Also, it is usual to find disjunctions between the 
south of Central America and the north of Colombia and Venezuela 
(Croizat, Panbiog. vol. 1: 239, fig. 33. 1?58) . 

About thr93 years ago. Dr. Julian A. Steyermark brought me a 
cactus which he found in sterile condition growing in the selva da 
Guatopo National Park, Edo. Wiranda, Venezuela, which I judged to 
be a plant belonging to the genus Epiphyllum . This plant was 
grown in a hanging basket ana flowered on April 27, 1973. I was 
greatly surprised to find that the ovary of this Epiphyll\im was 
covered with spines on its areoles, and for this reason it would 
have to be placed in the genus Marniera of Backeberg. The geo- 
graphical distribution of Marniera , then, would extend from Mexi- 
co through Costa Rica to Venezuela. 

Since the geographical distribution of Splphyllum and Mamlsra 
coincide with one another, it wo\ild appear that the character of 
spines on the ovary is insufficient to separate these very similar 
Cactaceae into distinct genera. Although Backeberg was a profound 
student of the Cactaceae sind his classification probably merits 
the greatest respect by botanists interested in this family, 
nevertheless it is obvious that his genera still need to be re- 
vised as far as possible to nat\iral groups of species. Llany petty 
genera, such as Marniera , still abound in this family. Marniera 
evidently constitutes a minor group within the circumference of 
Epiphyllum sensu lato. ^^Tien we review the generic categories of 
Backeberg (op. cit. 23), we find that he places under his "Unter- 
sippe Euphyllocacti " six other genera, in addition to Spiphyllum , 
namely: (1) Cryptocereus with the ovary possessing spines and 
glochlds, represented by 3 species in Mexico (Chiapas), Costa 
Rica, and Ecuador (Caflar, Azuay) ; (2) Marniera (see above) with 
the ovary more or less covered with small spines; (3) Lobeira 
with the ovary merely pubescent, but without spines or glochids, 
represented lay 1 species from Chiapas, Mexico; (h) Epiphyllum 
( Phyllocactus ) with the ovary glabrous. These four genera are 
placed under the heading "Bluten trichterig" as contrasted with 
his grouping under "Bluten ± glockig-trichterig" which contains 
Sccremocactus , P s eudonopalxoc hia , Nopalxochia , genera distinguish- 
ed by characters of night-flowering versus day-flowering, pres- 
ence of scales or spines or their absence on the ovary, and size 
of ovary. In short, we find that the fo\ir genera with infundibu- 
liform (trichterig) flowers ( Epiphyllimi , Marniera , Cryptocereus , 
and Lobeira ) occur in the extreme south of Mexico (Chiapas), and, 
again, are found together occurring in Costa Rica, Ecuador, and 
Venezuela. These four genera differ in no other character except 
that of presence or absence of indument, spines, or glochids on 
the ovary. Although future discoveries may show that these dif- 
ferences deserve to be recognized as valid generic categories, I 
an inclined at present to refrain from recognizing Marniera gen- 
erically as such, and regard it instead as a subgenus of Epi - 
phyllum . 



197U Croizat, New Cactaceae from Venezuela 19 

Subgenus MARNIERA. (Backeberg) Croizat, stat. nov. 
Marnlera Backeberg 

EPIPHILLDM (subg. Manaiera) STFrERHARKII Croizat, n. sp. 

Planta epiphyta, habitu caeapitoao, ramis complanatis vel tri- 
quetris, pendulis, parce radicantibus, 2-3 metralis, 2-2,5 cm, 
latia, 2- vel 3-co3tati8, leviter crenatis, crenis decurrentibua, 
3-6 cm. dlstantibusj fioribus noctumis, rotatis albidis 15-20 cm. 
longis, ca. 15 cm, latia, perianth! segmentis internis ligulato- 
vel lineSLTi-lanceolatis acutis ad acurainatis, 6-7.5 cm. longis, 
0.3-1 cm. latis, basi roseis, usque ad 16; segmentis externis us- 
que ad 13. oblanceolato- vel linesuri-lanceolatis acutis, 6.5-7 cm. 
longis 0,9-1 cm, latis j segmentis extremis basi segmentorum exter- 
iorura carnosis reductis multo minoribus, linearibus vel ligulatis, 
acutis, inTimis 10-12 mm. longis, US mm. latis, caeteris 17-U5 nun. 
longis, 5-9 nim, latis; staminibus numerosis, albidis, filamentis 
albidis gracillimis, 6-8 cm, longis, antheris pallide luteis 
gracilibus linearibus erectis 5-6 mn. longis; stylo ad 12 cm. 
longo crasso, laciniis pallide viridibus crassiusculis ad 2 cm. 
longis; floris tubo subcylindrico 6.5-8 cm. longo, 12-13 nun. diam,, 
striis 8 aegnato, squamulis secus tubum lanceolatis vel lanceolato- 
triangulau'ibus acuminatis 1-1,5 cm, inter se distantibus (quam 
maxime ad 3 cm,), 6.5-8 mm. longis 1,5-2 mn. latis, squamulis in 
ovario confertis minutis ovatis acutis, ad 2 mm. longis, 1.2-1,5 
latis; aculais in axillis squamularum tubi 5-12, in ovario 3-3, 
3-5 nm, longis, pallide brunneis albicantibusve 5-3 mm, longis, 
areolis parcius lanulosis; ovario obovoideo vel suborbiculari- 
obovoideo, 1,6-2 cm. longo, 1,6-2 cm, lato, striis squaciularun 8, 

Type collection: Selva de Guatopo, Parcpie Nacional de Guatopo, 
Estado Miranda, Venezuela, flowering in garden of Dr, and Mrs. 
Leon Croizat, Quinta Cactilandia, Chapellin, Caracas, 27 April, 
1973, originally collected by Julian A, Steyermark 108 7lA (holo- 
tjT)e TEN) , 



Explanation of figures 

Figs, A-G. Epiphyllum steyermark ii Croizat: A, portion of 
a 3-angled stem; B, portion of stem with two sides; C, flower, 
vertical section, showing attachment to stem; D, flower, showing 
exterior; E, upper portion of stamen; F, bristles on ovary, with 
subtending scale and hairs; G, upper part of pistil, showing 
stigmas and top of style. 



20 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no, 1 




TILLANDSIA ADAMSII 

A New Jamaican Species 

Robert W. Read 



During the preparation of "The Flowering Plants of Jamaica" 
I had the good fortxine of working with its author. While 
reviewing various keys to the bromeliads it was my pleasure to 
make certain suggested changes and additions as a result of my 
own field studies. One problem, also noted by Dr. Lyman B. 
Smith, was in need of further more intensive study, but neither 
of us was able to work with it at the time. Now, as a 
result of a careful revaluation of Tillandsia canescens Swartz 
I am privileged to describe a new species from Jamaica named in 
honor of Dr. C. Dennis Adams, botanist-author, with regrets that 
it could not have been included in his "Flora". 

Jamaica supports a pronounced endemic bromeliad flora (30.7^ 
or 82 out of a total of 267 species), therefore it should not 
be surprising that one more endemic species can be added. As 
with other recently described endemic taxa, T. adamsii appears 
to be restricted to shaded limestone crags (rarely epiphytic) 
in the Cockpit Country of western Jamaica. 

Although most closely resembling T. canescens , T. adamsii 
also has certain characteristics in common with T. valenzuelana . 
Tillandsia adamsii is readily distinguished from the latter by 
having dark brown, abruptly expanded leaf sheaths and a dis- 
tinctly inflated pseudobulbous rosette. From T. canescens , T. 
adamsii is distinguished by the more pronounced pseudobulbous 
rosette, with the leaf sheaths much darker brown, and the scape 
bracts lacking blade-like appendages. From both species T. 
adamsii can be readily separated by the outwardly arched and 
spreading floral bracts which are twice the length of the 
sepals - at least the lowermost ones - at anthesis. 

TILLANDSIA ADAMSII R. W. Read; species nova: Subg. Platystachys. 
T. canescenti Swartz affinis sed inflorescentia simplici, 
bracteis floralibus multo longioribus et arcuatis extrinsecus, 
bracteis scapi exappendiculatis et vaginis foliorum atrofuscis 
ab ea recedens. 

TYPE: JAMAICA; C. D. Adams I2.85O . 
Plants stemless, less than 35 cm high; leaves niomerous, up 
to 2k cm long, the blades linear -triangular, but abruptly en- 
larged at the sheath, forming a slightly inflated pseudobulbous 
rosette; leaf blades up to 1 cm broad at the apex of the sheath, 
densely and minutely appressed-cinereous-lepidote throiighout; 
sheaths dark brown appressed-lepidote, broadly ovate, 2-4 cm 
long, 2-3 cm wide; inflorescence simple, about h-Q flowered, 
greatly exceeding the leaves, the flowers arranged distichously; 

21 



22 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

scape erect, slender; scape -bracts erect, imbricate, slightly 
longer than the internodes, mostly, if not entirely, lacking 
blade -like appendages, the lowermost often with inconspicuous, 
tiny, linear, blades up to 1-5 cm long, the bracts pink or 
reddish, those near the base lepidote, becoming glabrate to 
glabrous apically on the inflorescence, where they almost blend 
into the floral-bracts in form and color; floral -bracts ecari- 
nate, glabrous, pink to reddish at anthesis, 2-2.8 cm long, 
twice to three times the length of the internodes, greatly 
exceeding the sepals, not imbricate, nor obscuring the slightly 
flexuous rachis, the apex curving back slightly, giving the 
fertile portion of the spike a distinctive flared effect, 
often sterile apically; flowers subsessile, erect; sepals not 
carinate, symmetric, glabrous, about 1.0-1. 3 cm long, to 3*5 
mm wide, apically acute; petals magenta to lavender -rose, to 
about 3 cm long, acute, narrowly oblanceolate, meeting basally; 
stamens exserted at anthesis; anthers versatile, lobed basally, 
appearing tridentate apically; ovary trigonal to 1.1 cm long, 
ovules restricted to the lowermost 1 mm, upper portion empty; 
style 2.5-3 cm long, exserted, 3"Pa'rted apically for about I.5 
mm; stigmas very slightly flared, hardly distinguishable; 
capsule cylindric, abruptly acuminate, 2.0-2.4 cm long. 

Distribution: Jamaica, Parishes of Trelawny and St. James, 
on shaded limestone crags and ledges or occasionally epiphytic, 
609-670 m elev.; endemic. 

Specimens examined: St. James : White Rock Hill, 1 mile 
south of Sweet Water, 10"¥arch 1956, G. R. Proctor 117^3 (U; 
Photo us). Trelawny : Island View Hill, Wilson Valley district, 
1.5 miles north of Warsop, 26 June I96O, G. R. Proctor 2133^ 
(IJ; us); 5^ miles N.W. of Troy, 8 May 1966, C. D. Adams I2.85O 
(us, HOLOTYPE). 



I97li 



Read, Tlllandsla adamail 
Plate I 



23 







Tillandsia adamsii R. V. Read 



NOTES ON BRCMEIilACEAE, XXXV 

Lyman B. Smith 

KEY TO TILLANDSIA AND SIMULATORS, 

SUPPLEMENT II 

Thanks largely to the collecting and publications of Professor 
Eizi Matuda, Dr. Edmundo Pereira, and Professor Werner Rauh, I am 
obliged to write a second supplement to my Ti Hands ia key (Phyto- 
logia 20: 121. 19T0) after only four years. Supplement I immedi- 
ately followed the original key on p. I57. As in the first sup- 
plement, there is an indication of the species relation to the 
original key and that is followed in a second section by whatever 
note or description is necessary. The notes below are intended 
as the final ones before completion of the manuscript of Tilland- 
sia for my monograph. 

In a niomber of cases Professor Rauh has given me previews of 
his new species to enable me to place them in my key. These are 
in press and are not validly published here since they lack Latin 
diagnoses. So far I have not examined several types of new spe- 
cies proposed by Dr. Pereira and by Professor Matuda and for 
lack of evidence am unable to place them in my key. 

In the following supplementary sections to the key, species to 
be added or substituted are marked with an asterisk. 

Subkey I 
28(1). Floral bracts carinate and incurved toward apex. 
28a. Spikes about T-f lowered; sepals glabrous. Ecuador, Peru. 

(T. straminea ) T. purpurea 

28a. Spikes 3"flowered including a sterile apical one; sepals 

lepidote. Brazil, (cf. also 111-19(2)) *T. sucrei 

33(1) • Inflorescence simple. 
333" Floiral bracts to 21 mm long; leaf -blades narrowly triangu- 
lar. Mexico T. a lb i da 

33a-. Floral bracts ca. h mm long; leaf -blades filiform. Peru. 

*T. schunkei 

39(1) • In place of T. calocephala write *T. nana 

Subkey II 

29(2). Inflorescence amply bipinnate; scape elongate. 

29a. Spikes all erect; inflorescence dense and narrow. Hispani- 

ola T. baliophylla 

29a. Spikes all but the terminal decurved; inflorescence very 

lax and broad. Mexico *T. superinsignis 

36(2). Sepals covered by the floral bracts. 

2U 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 25 

36a. Inf loreBcence not over 5 cm long; sepals not over 20 ram 

long. Mexico, Peru T. lepldosepala . T. reducta 

36a. Inflorescence to ^0 cm long, simple, 2-3 cm wide; sepals to 
30 mm long. Mexico *T. califanii 

3T(i). Inflorescence 3~5 cm long, simple or with a single small 
lateral spike. 
3Ta« Scape distinct; scape-bracts longer than the floral bracts; 
flowers all exactly distichous. Mexico... T. lepidosepala 
3Ta« Scape very short; scape -bracts shorter than the floral 
bracts; lower flowers slightly more than distichous. 
Guatemala *T. velickiana 

49(1). Floral bracts strongly nerved. 
49a» Sepals exserted; spikes linear, about I5 cm long. West 

Indies T. lineatispica 

h^. Sepals included; spikes lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, 
5-8 cm long. Mexico. 
49b. Primary bracts scarcely larger than the floral bracts or 

the inflorescence simple ^T. maritima 

^9b. Primary bracts more than half as long as their axillary 

spikes; inflorescence always compoiond *T. hintoniana 

5T(i)- Floral bracts prominently nerved. 
57a« Upper scape-bracts distichous; leaf -blades 12-18 mm wide. 

Peru, Ecuador T. lindenii, T. umbellata 

57a. Upper scape-bracts polystichous; leaf -blades 35 ram wide. 

Guatemala *T. nervata 

83(2). Leaf -sheaths ferruginous (or dark brown). 
83a. Sepals connate only posteriorly; (stamens exserted). Flo- 
rida, West Indies and Mexico to northern South America. 

T. fasciculate. 

83a. Sepals equally connate into a tube for half their length, h 

cm long; (stamens included)L Mexico. .. .*T. beutelspacherl 

89(1). Spikes thick; posterior sepals alate-carinate. 

Mexico. 
89a. Floral bracts dull, laxly lepidote throughout, verrucose 

when dry as if somewhat fleshy T. intumescens 

89a. Floral bracts lustrous and glabrous except the lepidote 

apex, even *T. langlasseana 

Subkey III 

10(1). Sepals lepidote. Mexico. 
10a. Scape short, almost hidden by the leaves; leaf -sheaths 

10-15 mm long, not at all inflated T. lepidosepala 

10a. Scape elongate; leaf -sheaths 60 mm long, subinflated, dark 
castaneous *T. sub inf lata 

1^(2). Floral bracts ecarinate, nerves about equally developed. 



26 PKYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

l^a. Upper Bcape-bracts long -laminate. Mexico; Ecuador and Peru. 

T. ^ymnobotrya , T. oroyensis 
l4a. Upper ecape-bracts bladeless. Jamaica *T. adamsii 

19(2). Floral bracts prominently nerved. 

19a. Spikes more than 3 -flowered. Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil and 
Argentina; and Florida, West Indies and Mexico to Vene- 
zuela and Bolivia T. lorentziana . T. valenzuelana 

19a. Spikes 3-flowered including a reduced sterile apical 

flower. Brazil *T. sue re i 

22(2). Inflorescence simple or rarely of 2 spikes. 
22a. Scape very short and mostly concealed by the leaves; upper 
scape-bracts polystichous . Salvador, Honduras. 

T. cryptopoda 
22a. Scape elongate; upper scape-bracts distichous. Ecuador. 

*T. rhodosticta 

46(2). Floral bracts obtuse (add: "to acuminate"), nerved or ru- 
gose (add: "When dry"); rhachis prominently winged (ex- 
cairated). Peru, to cover T. extensa Mez emend. Rauh. 

ij-8(l). Spikes 15 ram wide; floral bracts 20 mm long. 
48a. Floral bracts glabrous; inflorescence amply tripinnate. 

Peru T. extensa 

48a. Floral bracts cinereous -lepidote at apex; inflorescence 

bipinnate. Ecuador *T. lehmannii 

Subkey IV 

9(1). Branches nearly or quite straight, slender, sterile for 
about half their length from base. 
9a. Leaf -blades 9-11 cm wide, green; sepals 25-27 mm long, 

slightly exserted above the floral bracts. Hispaniola. 

T. paniculata 
9a. Leaf -blades I.5-2.5 cm wide, cinereous; sepals l8-20 mm 
long, wholly covered by the floral bracts. Peru. 

*T. propagulifera 

Subkey V 

11(1). Internodes of the rhachis 2O-3O mm long. 
11a. Floral bracts about equaling the internodes, equaling or 
shorter than the sepals; leaf -sheaths concolorous and 
merging gradually with the blades; (petal -blades narrow; 
stamens exserted). Florida, West Indies, Panama, 

northern South America T. flexuosa 

"lla. Floral bracts distinctly longer than the internodes, longer 
than the sepals; leaf -sheaths dark brown, contrasting 
with the blade; (petal -blades suborbicular; stamens 

deeply included) . Ecuador 

*T. dodsonii 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 2? 

16(1). Floral bracts lepldote. 
16a. Leaf -sheathe large, distinct, very dark castaneoue; floral 
bracts equaling or exceeding the sepals. Hondiiras. 

T. steiropoda 
16a. Leaf -sheaths narrow, concolorous with and indistinguishable 
from the blades; floral bracts slightly exceeded by the 
sepals. Mexico *T. gracillima 

17(1). Floral bracts 3 times as long as the internodes. Mexico. 
ITa. Floral bracts convex, but not inflated nor cretaceous. 

T. parryi 
17a. Floral bracts inflated, cretaceous *T. cretacea 

Subkey VI 

l'+(l). Pseudo-bulb elongate, one-third to more than one-half the 
total length of the plant. 
iksi. Leaves even. Florida, West Indies and Mexico to Colombia. 

T. c ire innata 
I'+a. Leaves strongly sulcate even when living. Mexico. 

*T. c ire innatoides 

Subkey VII 

36X1). Floral bracts with convex sides, wrinkled when dry; spikes 
slightly compressed. 
36a. Spikes ovate or lanceolate, acute; floral bracts narrow and 
partially exposing the rhachis at anthesis. Mexico. 

T. violacea 
36a. Spikes elliptic, very broadly acute or rounded; floral 

bracts ample, wholly covering the rhachis at all times. 
Mexico, Guatemala *T. eizii 

35(2). Spikes 2-3 cm wide, lance-oblong to elliptic. 
35a. Leaf -blades ^5-60 mm wide; (stamens included). Colombia 

and Venezuela; Peru T. cuatrecasasii. T. wurdackii 

35a» Leaf -blades 20 mm wide; (stamens exserted). Mexico. 

*T. carloE-hankii 

Subkey VIII 

8(1). Bracts acute. 
8a. Scape distinct; scape -bracts longer than the floral bracts; 

flowers all polystichous. Mexico T. benthamiana 

8a. Scape very short; scape -bracts shorter than the floral 
bracts; upper leaves distichous. Guatemala. 

*T. velickiana 

10(1). Scape short or none; (add: "scales spreading especially 
along the leaf -margins. Bolivia.") (replacing T. nana 
but differing in its leaf -scales) 

*T. edithae 



28 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 1 

Subkey IX 

l(l). Posterior and anterior sepals all ecarinate and alike, 
la. Floral bracts fleshy, strongly rugose -sulcate in drying, h-6 

times as long as the internodes. Peru *T. carnosa 

la. Floral bracts coriaceous or suhcoriaceous, even to nerved, 

but not rugose in drying Remaining species under l(l) 

12(2). Spikes nutant. 
12a. Floral bracts 15-20 mm long. Venezuela to Peru. 

T. denudata 
12a. Floral bracts 5O mm long. Mexico *T. super ins ignis 

3^(2). Sepals 20 mm long. Ecuador. 
3^a. Capsules about equaling the sepals; floral bracts narrow 
and partially exposing the rhachis at anthesis. 

T. brevicapsula 
3Ua. Capsules more than twice as long as the sepals; floral 

bracts ample, wholly covering the rhachis at anthesis. 

*T. nervisepala 

36(1) floral bracts 27-35 n™ long. 

36a. Spikes more or less caudate -acuminate from a base 3~5 cm 

wide, sessile or subsessile. Ecuador, Peru...T. stenoura 
36a. Spikes elliptic and equally narrowed at base and apex, 

distinctly stipitate with a sterile base nearly equaling 
to exceeding the primary bracts. Peru *T. reuteri 

45(1). Floral bracts oblong, (20-) 25 (-2T) mm long. Peru. 
h^a. Primary bracts barely exceeding the sterile bases of the 
branches; inflorescence tripinnate; sheaths concolorous 

with the blades T. p;lauca 

45a. Primary bracts l/2 to 3 A ^^ long as the basal branches 
(spikes) . 
^5b. Sheaths dark violet; posterior sepals connate. 

*T. pomacochae 
kjb. Sheaths concolorous with the blades; posterior sepals free 

*T. bongarana 

5^(1). Floral bracts drying pale. 

5^a. Primary bracts scarcely longer than the floral bracts, api- 
culate; spikes linear -lanceolate.- Colombia. .. .T. reversa 
5^a. Primary bracts large, the lower laminate and covering about 
half the axillary spike; spikes lanceolate. Peru. 

*T. dudleyi 

Subkey X 

1(1). Lower floral bracts less than twice the internodes; rhachis 
slender, 
la. Flowers downwardly secund. Ecuador.. *T. marnier-lapostollei 
la. Flowers not secund as a whole but the petals sometimes 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 29 

drooping. Colombia; Peru — .T. rariflora. T. hutchlsonii 

2(2). Rhachis geniculate; inflorescence tripinnate. Peru. 
2a. Leaves concolorous; blades llgulate, broadly subacute and 

apiculate; flowers subspreading T. hutchisonii 

2a. Leaves strongly cross-banded; blades attenuate -ligulate to a 

stout cusp; flowers erect *T. hildae 

9(2). Floral bracts broadly convex, ecarinate. 
9a. Flowers suberect; margins of the floral bracts narrow, near- 
ly or quite even. Bolivia and Argentina; Peru. 

T. maxima . T. platyphylla 
9a. Flowers subspreading; margins of the floral bracts broad, 

strongly bullate-crisped. Peru *T. undulatobracteata 

21. Inflorescence much branched; plant to 3-3 m high; (add: 

"floral bracts 4-5 times as long as the internodes, ample, 
covering nearly or all of each sepal; leaves thick."). 

T. grandis 
21. Inflorescence simple or few -branched; (add: "plant less than 
2 m high; floral bracts 2-3 times as long as the inter- 
nodes, narrow^ exposing much of each sepal; leaves thin."). 

T. viridiflora 

Subkey XII 

3(2). Floral bracts imbricate and concealing the rhachis; inflo- 
rescence erect or nearly so. 
3a. Leaves 8-20 cm long, shorter than to equaling the inflores- 
cence; blades narrowly triangular, 5-12 mm wide; floral 

bracts suborbicular. Colombia to Bolivia T. seemannii 

3a. Leaves to ^+5 cm long, much exceeding the inflorescence; 

blades subfiliform, to ^ mm wide at base; floral bracts 
ovate. Venezuela *T. steyermarkii 

29(2). Sepals rounded to triincate; leaf -blades (20-) 3O-5O mm 
wide. 

29a. Leaf -sheaths strongly inflated. Ecuador *T. blassii 

29a. Leaf -sheaths nearly flat Remaining species under 29(2) 

^2(2). Branches divergent or curved-ascending. 
42a. Leaf -blades linear, about 5 ram wide. Peru, Bolivia. 

*T. parviflora 
42a. Leaf -blades narrowly triangular or ligulate, 8-3O mm wide. 

Remaining species \inder 4-2(2) 

TILLANDSIA 
Relative to Mez in Engler, Pflanzenreich IV. Fam. 32. 1935 . 

ADAMSII R, W. Read, Phytologia, cf . preceding article in this 
issue. TIL. 

ANDREANA E. Morr. ex Andre; Pflr. 496, TIL; L. B. Smith, 



30 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: h-jG, fig. 5^. 1951; Rauh, Bromelien 
1: 197. 19T0. T.. funckiana Baker, Pflr. ^96; Padilla, Bromel. 
Soc. Bull. IT: ^9 (fig.), 52. 196?. TIL. 

M. B. Foster, Padilla, and others consider T. funckiana 
specifically distinct, while Rauh considers it a variety of T. 
andreana . although he has not gone so far as to give it a valid 
name. Foster's own collections show a great variation in stem 
length of flowering plants and are the original and continuing 
reason for my reducing T. funckiana. In reality we can not be 
sure until flowering T. andreana is collected from the topotype 
locality. 

What is a much more interesting question is the position of 
the species within the genus. Technically it can be said to 
belong in subgenus Tillandsia but the corolla is asymmetric 
like those of most species of Pitcairnia and the recurving 
petal -tips expose the shorter of the unequal stamens. 

BAKERI, Pflr. 502. PS-C. Omitted by mistake; insert after 
BAILEYI. 

BEUTELSPACHERI Matuda, nom. nov. ALL. T. insignis Matuda, 
Cact. y Sucul. Mex. l6: 91, fig. ^8. 19T1, non L. B. Smith & 
Pittendrigh, 1953- 

BLASSII L. B. Smith, Phytologia 22: 85, pi. 1, fig. 5, 6. 
1971. PS-C. 

BONGARANA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. pomacochae Ra\ih, cui 
affinis, foliis concoloribus, sepalis liberis differt. ALL. 

PLAJtra stemless, flowering 1 m high. LEAVES many in a 
funnelform rosette, to ^5 cm long, green; sheaths broadly 
ovate, ca. I5 cm long, minutely appressed-lepidote; blades ligu- 
late, attenuate at apex, flat, h cm wide, densely and minutely 
lepidote beneath, soon glabrous above. SCAPE erect, much 
exceeding the leaves; scape-bracts imbricate, the lowest sub- 
foliaceous, the others elliptic, acute. INFLORESCENCE fusiform, 
laxly bipinnate, glabrous; primary bracts like the upper scape- 
bracts, about half as long as the axillary spikes; spikes 
divergent, 7 cm long, lanceolate with a sterile bracteate base, 
densely 4-f lowered, complanate. FLORAL BRACTS imbricate, 
oblong, acute, 3 cm long, exceeding the sepals, carinate, 
coriaceous, even, red; flowers subsessile. SEPALS free, linear, 
acute, 25 mm long, the posterior carinate; petals 35 in™ long, 
the blades purple with white apices; stamens included. PI. Ill, 
fig. E: Inflorescence; fig. F: Sepal. 

PERU: AMAZONAS: Prov. Bongara: Epiphyte in moist high 
forest, hills I-5 km southeast (150°) of Yambrasbamba, 2100- 
2U0O m alt, 25 June I962, Wurdack 1037 (US, type). 

CALIFANII Rauh, Journ. Bromel. Soc. 21: 65, fig. 1971. TIL. 

At first glance T. califanii so closely resembles T. 
achyrostachys that it is easily mistaken for that species. 
However, its densely lepidote floral bracts quickly distinguish 
it and even bring it out to a different position in the key from 
T. achyrostachys . 

The leaf -sheaths are slightly different from the original 
description in that their scales are brown -centered like those 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromollaceae 31 

on the blade. The sheath -color is derived from the dark tissue 
below showing through the large pale scale -margins and covers 
only the base of the sheath. 

CARLOS-HANKII Matuda, Cact. & Succul. Journ. (U. S.) ^5: 1Q6, 
fig. 1, 2. 1973. TIL. 

CARNOSA L. B. Smith. TIL. IX-U (2). 

Var. CARNOSA. INFLORESCENCE bipinnate; branches spreading, 
the sterile base about twice as long as the I8 cm spike. FLORAL 
BRACTS to 5 cm long; flowers short -pedicellate. SEPALS free, 
to ^2 mm long; stamens slightly exserted at anthesis. 

Var. LONGISPICATA Rauh, ined. INFLORESCENCE bipinnate; 
branches ascending relative to the axis, ^0 cm long, the sterile 
base only 6-I5 cm long. FLORAL BRACTS 35-^0 mm long; flowers 
sessile. SEPALS connate for 2 mm, to 30 mm long; stamens much 
exserted at anthesis. 

Var. BREVISTIPITA Rauh, ined. INFLORESCENCE tripinnate at 
base; branches ascending relative to the axis, the basal sterile 
bases to 20 cm long; spikes 12-I5 cm long with sterile bases 
3 cm long. FLORAL BRACTS 30 mm long; flowers sessile. SEPALS 
connate for 3 n™^ ca. 25 mm long; stamens much exserted at 
anthesis. 

Owing to the relatively short floral bracts of the above 
variety, my key has had to be realigned to bring forward the 
fleshy character of the floral bracts. All three varieties 
have dense spikes with floral bracts 4-6 times the internodes 
where they are barely more than 2 in nearly related T. ecarinata . 

CIRCINNATOLDES Matuda, Cact. & Succul. Journ. (U. S.) k^: 
187, fig. k, ka, 5, 1973, as "circinnatioides." TIL. Matuda 
gives other distinctions than the sulcate leaves cited above 
but they are all covered in the very variable characters of 
T. circinnata . Horticulturists will thank him for giving a 
name to a taxon that was becoming a problem. 

CRETACEA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. inflata Mez, cui valde 
af finis, spicis laxis, internodiis longioribus, bracteis 
florigeris angustioribus differt. TIL. 

PLANT known only from fragments but probably stemless and 
flowering over 1 m high. LEAVES ca. 5O cm long, bearing minute, 
appressed, brown -centered scales throughout; sheaths ample, 
densely lepidote, brownish; blades narrowly triangular, 
attenuate, 5 cm wide at base, laxly lepidote, green. SCAPE 
unknown. INFLORESCENCE laxly bipinnate, over 32 cm long, 
white-cretaceous except the petals; primary bracts broadly 
ovate, apiculate, about equaling the 1-bracteate sterile base 
of the spike; spikes oblong, acute, 20 cm long, laxly many- 
flowered; rhachis straight or nearly so, narrowly winged. 
FLORAL BRACTS strongly divergent at anthesis, 32 mm long, 
3 times the internodes and about equaling the sepals, broadly 
elliptic, apiculate, ecarinate, inflated, probably fleshy 
because wrinkled and nerveless when dry, inconspicuously lepi- 
dote; pedicels short. SEPALS all alike, elliptic, 28 mm long, 
ecarinate; petals ca. ^5 nim long, drying violet; stamens and 
style exserted. PI. Ill, fig. A: Primary bract and spike; 



32 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

fig. B: Sepal. 

MEXICO: CHIHUAHUA: On igneous rocks. La Bufa, southeast of 
Creel, 22 September 1957, I- Knob loch 564 (uS, type), 

DODSONII L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. narthec ioide Presl, cui 
affinis, bracteis florigeris quam internodiis baud subduplo 
longioribus, omnibus partibus multo majoribus differt. PHY. 

PLANT flowering to 8^ cm high. LEAVES many in a funnelform 
rosette, to 22 cm long, covered throughout with minute, flat, 
brown-centered scales; sheaths elliptic, ca. k cm long, dark 
brown; blades narrowly triangular, ca. 12 mm wide at base, the 
outer much reduced. SCAPE erect, slender, much exceeding the 
leaves; scape -bracts erect, imbricate, elliptic, apiculate. 
INFLORESCENCE erect, simple, lax, many-flowered; sparsely pale- 
lepidote; rhachis very slender, flexuous. FLORAL BRACTS spread- 
ing, to 30 mm long, exceeding the internodes and the sepals, 
ovate, convex and rolled around the sepals, thin-coriaceous, 
nerved; flowers short -pedicellate. SEPALS free, 20 mm long, 
elliptic, broadly acute; petal-blades suborbicular, spreading, 
20 mm long, white with yellow eye; stamens and pistil deeply 
included. PI. II, fig. F: Inflorescence; fig. G: Sepal. 

ECUADOR: PICHINCHA: epiphytic in old orange trees along 
road, km 30 on Santo Domingo to Quito road, 1100 m, 27 December 
1972, C. H. Dodson 5225 (US, type). 

DUDLEYI L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. re versa L. B. Smith, cui 
verisimiliter affinis, bracteis primariis amplis, inferioribus 
laminatis, spicas axillares semioccultantibus, spicis lanceo- 
latis differt. ALL. 

PLANT stemless, flowering 30 to probably 5O cm high. LEAVES 
in a spreading rosette, 35-^0 cm long, covered with fine, 
appressed, brown -centered scales; sheaths ample, IO-I5 cm long, 
maculate with red-p\irple merging into solid purple at base; 
blades ligulate, attenuate, 2-3 cm wide, maculate, more or less 
cinereous beneath. SCAPE erect; scape -bracts erect, densely 
imbricate, subfoliaceous. INFLORESCENCE densely bipinnate, 
ellipsoid, I3-I8 cm long; primary bracts broadly ovate, even, 
sublustrous, red, sparsely and obscurely lepidote, the lower 
laminate and covering about half the axillary spike; spikes 
lanceolate, acute, strongly complanate, 5~7 cm long, 15-20 mm 
wide, densely 8 -12 -flowered. FLORAL BRACTS broadly ovate, 
apiculate, 2O-25 mm long, covering the sepals, strongly cari- 
nate, thin-coriaceous, even, glabrous, lustrous, bright blood- 
red (I Dudley), drying to stramineous; pedicels short. SEPALS 
lanceolate, acute, 18 mm long, the posterior carinate, connate 
for 5 mm; petal -blades elliptic, obtuse, 10 mm long, lavender 
(I Dudley); stamens and pistil included. PI. Ill, fig. G: 
Inflorescence; fig. H: Posterior sepals. 

PERU: CUZCO: Prov. La Convencion: Cordillera Vilcabamba: 
epiphyte 6-I8 m (20-60 ft) in tree branches, very dense and 
damp cloud forest, about half way between Camp 2^, 1730 m, and 
Camp 3, 2100 m, 12° 38' S, 73° 37* W, 2h July I968, T. R. Dudley 
11332 (nA, type); cloud forest, 90 m (3OO ft) northwest of 
Camp 2^, by cascade, I75O m, 12° 38' S, 73° 38' W, 26 June I968, 



I97I4 Smith, notes on Brcmellaceae 33 

Dudley 105 28 (NA); steep and dry ridge (ceja) of reduced elfin 
forest, just above Camp k, 266O m, 12° 37' S, 73° 33' W, 30 June 
1968, Dudley 10637 (NA)j epiphyte, Chusquea thicket at edge of 
steep dry ridge, half way between Camps 25 and 3 in reduced 
elfin forest, 12° 38' S, 73° 36' W, 30 June 1968, Dudley 10657 
(NA). 

EDITHAE Rauh, ined. ALL. This takes the place of T. nana 
Baker, which was placed here because of its supposed simple 
inflorescence. T. nana takes the place of the later 
T. calocephala and Ra\ih has pointed out the close relationship 
with his T. edithae. Besides its simple inflorescence, T. 
edlthae also differs in its shorter broader leaf -blades with 
spreading scales and in its larger petals . 

EIZII L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. violacea Baker, cui valde 
af finis, spicis elliptic is, latissime acutis vel rotvindatis, 
bracteis florigeris latioribus et rhachin omnino occultantibus 
differt. TIL. 

PLANT stemless, flowering to 2 m high (extended). LEAVES 
densely rosulate, 5^-70 cm long, covered with minute, appressed, 
brown -centered scales; sheaths elliptic, ample, I8 cm long, 
brown to dark purple; blades narrowly triangular, 5 cm wide, 
green. SCAPE stout, dec\irved; scape -bracts foliaceous, densely 
imbricate. INFLORESCENCE bipinnate, sublax except at apex, 
over 1 m long; primary bracts spreading, their ample bases 
exceeding the lower branches, their blades foliaceous; spikes 
short -stipitate, elliptic, very broadly acute or roxinded, 10 cm 
long, convex and slightly complanate. FLORAL BRACTS ample and 
densely imbricate, wholly concealing the rhachis, 3^-35 nm 
long, broadly convex, probably fleshy because nerveless and 
strongly wrinkled when dry, glabrous, glaucous; flowers sub- 
sessile. SEPALS oblong, 25 mm long, subfree, the posterior 
incurved, alate-carinate; petal -blades erect, 30 mm long, 
violet; stamens exserted. CAPSULES slenderly cylindric, k cm 
long. PI. Ill, fig. C: Primary bract and spike; fig. D: 
Posterior sepals. 

MEXICO: CHIAPAS: In wet forest, on tree, Cascada, Siltepec, 
1200 m, 1 March 1951, E. Matuda 21012 (US, type; MEXU, isotype); 
San Cristobal las Casas, Mar 19^9, Carlson I652 e £ (US); 
29 Mar 1956, MacDougall s n (US); 22 Jan I965, Breedlove & 
Raven 8299 (dS, US); Zinacantan, 3I March I966, Laughlin 522 
(us); 13 Apr I966, 662 (US). 

GUATEMALA: HUEHUETENANGO : San Mateo to Soloma, Feb I969, 
Krukoff s n (US). 

EXTENSA Mez, emend Rauh, Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz "1973!,' 
no. 3: 29, fig. 16a -c, 17. 1973. TIL. Ill -48 (1). 

PLANT stemless, flowering to 1.6 m high, producing many 
adventitious plants at base. LEAVES numerous, erect to spread- 
ing; sheaths 18-20 cm long, merging with the blades, brown- 
lepidote; blades cinereous -lepidote. SCAPE glabrous or sparsely 
lepidote. INFLORESCENCE broadly pyramidal, 5O cm long; axis 
straight, faintly angled, puniceous; spikes to 25 cm long. 
CAPSULE slenderly cylindric, ca. 5 cm long. 



3U PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

PERU: LAMBAYEQUE: on rock, Rio Sana Valley, 7° 05» S, 
79O 441 y^ 600-700 m, Avigust 1970, Rauh 2l^l68 (HEID, US). 

GRACILLIMA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. setacea Sw., cui 
verlsimiliter affiniB, spiels laxis, sepalis paulo exsertis 
differt. TIL. 

PLANT flowering h^-60 cm high (I Foster). LEAVES (unattached) 
fasciculate (?), ^0 cm long, covered with pale subappressed 
scales; sheaths narrow, concolorous and merging with the blades, 
blackish and auricled at extreme base; blades very narrowly 
triangular, filiform -attenuate, ca. 5 mm wide at base, more or 
less involute at least when dry. SCAPE erect, very long and 
slender; scape-bracts erect, imbricate, the lower subfoliaceous, 
the upper lanceolate, apiculate. INFLORESCENCE typically 
2-branched; primary bract like the upper scape-bracts, much 
shorter than the axillary spike; spikes elliptic with a narrow, 
sterile, bracteate base, lax; rhachis slender, nearly straight. 
FLORAL BRACTS strongly divergent at anthesis and exposing the 
rhachis, ovate, acute, to 19 nun long, convex, white -lepidote, 
thin -coriaceous, nerved at apex; pedicels short, obscure. 
SEPALS oblong, acute, 22 mm long, slightly exserted, glabrous, 
the posterior carinate, connate for 10 mm; petals tubular - 
involute, ca. k cm long, violet; stamens exserted. PI. II, 
fig. H: Scape and inflorescence; fig I: Posterior sepals. 

MEXICO: PUEBLA: near Cholula, February 11, I958, M. B. 
Foster 303.3 (US, type). 

21. Inflorescence much branched; plant to 3*3 ni high; (add: 
"floral bracts 4-5 times as long as the internodes, 
ample, covering nearly or all of sepal; leaves thick."). 

T. grandis 
21. Inflorescence simple or few -branched; (add: "floral bracts 
2-3 times as long as the internodes, narrow, exposing 
much of each sepal; leaves thin."). T. viridiflora 

GRANDIS Schlecht.; Pflr. ^55. PSA. Further study has revealed 
more distinctions between this species and T. viridiflora . Cf . 
key, X - 21 above. 

HILDAE Ra\ah, Jo\irn. Bromel. Soc . 21: I39, photo 1-4. I97I, 
nomen, without , Latin diagnosis; valid publication: Akad. Wiss. 
& Lit. Mainz^'no'. 3: 19, fig. 9-13. 1973- T. platyphylla sensu 
L. B. Smith, Phytologia 13: l46. I966, quoad Hutchison & Wright 
3516. non Mez, 1906. TIL. 

HINTONIANA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. lineatispica Mez et 
T. maritima Matuda, quibus affinis, bracteis primariis magnis 
a T. bourgaei Baker, quam simulans, foliis concoloribus viridi- 
bus, bracteis primariis angustioribus, laminis suis vix 
distinctis differt. TIL. 

PLANT Etemless, flowering 40-70 cm high. LEAVES over 10 in 
a funnelform rosette, 3^-50 cm long, concolorous and green or 
slightly darkened at extreme base, covered with minute, 
appressed, brown -centered scales; sheaths ovate, ca. 10 cm long; 
blades narrowly triangular, I5-25 mm wide, flat. SCAPE erect; 
scape-bracts erect, densely imbricate, subfoliaceous. INFLO- 
RESCENCE densely bipinnate, subcylindric or fusiform, 13-26 cm 



19 7U Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 35 

long; primary bracts large but typically somewhat shorter than 
their axillary spikes; spikes sessile, suberect, lanceolate, 
acute, 5 (-8) cm long, 2 cm wide, complanate. FLORAL BRACTS 
densely imbricate and concealing the rhachis at anthesis, 3 cm 
long, exceeding the sepals, ovate, attenuate, thin, nerved, 
sharply carinate, glabrous or subglabrous; flowers subsessile. 
SEPALS lanceolate, acute, 25 mm long, thin, nerved, glabrous, 
the posterior carinate, short -connate; petals erect, ca. h- cm 
long; stamens exserted. CAPSULE slenderly cylindrtc, 3~^ cm 
long. PI. I, fig. I: Primary bract and spike; fig. J: flower. 

MEXICO: MEXICO: Dist. Temascaltepec : On oak, Tejupilco, 
l8 April 1935, G. B. Hinton T636 (US, type; GH, isotype); dry 
rocky slope, Cerro de la Muneca, I5OO m, 27-28 February 195^+, 
Matuda 3O516 (MEXU, US); dry slope, high matorral, Ixtapantongo 
to La Junta, 6OO-8OO m, 24-25 April 195^, Matuda 30662 (MEXU, 
us); moist slope, mixed oak and pine forest, Canada de 
Nanchititla, 16OO m, 25-26 May 195^, Matuda 30791 (MEXU. US); 
moist ravine, Malinalco to Charma, 13OO m, 22 April 195^, 
Matuda 32175 (MEXU, US) . 

The concentration of Matuda' s collections in 195^ suggests 
that this species has flowering years like many bamboos and 
like my own experience with Nidularium microps in Rio de 
Janeiro. 

INTUMESCENS L. B. Smith var. BREVILAMINA L. B. Smith, var. 
nov. A var. intumescenti bractearum primariar\im laminis quam 
spicis raulto brevioribus, spicis subduplo majoribus differt. 
TIL. PI. I, fig. G: Lower primary bract and spike; fig. H: 
Posterior sepals. 

MEXICO: MICHOACAN: cult. Sue Gardner (uS, type). 

LAKGLASSEAWA Mez, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II. 3: 1^2. I903. TIL. 

Owing to a confusion of the type with another collection, I 
formerly placed this species in the synonymy of T. boiirgaei 
Baker (North American Flora I9: l4o. I938). In reality it is 
a distinct species and is more nearly related to T. intijmescens 
L. B. Smith as indicated in the key above. 

LEHMANNII Rauh, ined. TIL. Ecuador. 

MARITIMA Matuda, Cact. y Sucul. Mex. 16: 90, fig. ^7. 1971- 
TIL. 

MARNIER -LAPOSTOLLEI Rauh, Journ. Bromel. Soc. 22: Ul, figs, 
(p. 40, 4-2). 1972, nomen, without Latin diagnosis; Aralid publi- 
cation: Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz "1973", no. 3: 6, fig. I-3. 
1973. ALL. 

MOSCOSOI L. B. Smith & Jimenez, Phytologia 5: 28l. 1955; 
Revist. Soc. Cub. Bot. 12: 65, 1955- TIL. VII-30 (l). 

NANA Baker; Pflr. 5^9. ALL. 

PERU: without exact locality. Gay b n (P, type). 

BOLIVIA: COCHABAMBA: Rio Montehuaiko, June I9II, Herzog 
2300 (l, type of T. calocephala Wittm.; F photo llW). 

Examination of the type of T. nana shows that it has a 
depauperately compound inflorescence not a simple one and that 
consequently it equals and replaces the later T. calocephala 
Wittm . 



36 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

NERVATA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. Sepalis posterioribus alato- 
carinatis T. punctulata Schlecht. & Cham. (Subgen. Tillandsia ) 
affinis sed folionjm vaginis pallidis et scapi bracteis inflo- 
rescentiam haud involucrantibus differt. TIL. 

PLANT flowering to 66 cm high. LEAVES many in a more or less 
funnelform rosette, to 55 cm long, green, minutely appressed- 
lepidote throughout; sheaths merging with the blades, large; 
blades narrowly triangular, ca. 35 n™ wide. SCAPE erect, stout, 
about equaling the leaves; scape -bracts all polystichous, erect, 
densely imbricate, the lower foliaceous with long blades, the 
upper ovate, acute and apiculate, subinflated, sublustrous. 
INFLORESCENCE simple, 12 cm long, h cm wide, lanceolate, acute, 
complanate, ca. 10-flowered. FLORAL BRACTS erect and densely 
imbricate, ^5 ™d long, ovate, acuminate, subcoriaceous, nerved, 
carinate, bright red (I L. 0. Williams), lepidote at apex, 
elsewhere glabrous; flowers subsessile. SEPALS 30 mm long, 
elliptic, acute, glabrous, the posterior alate -carinate, nearly 
free. PI. I, fig. K: Inflorescence; fig. L: Posterior sepals. 

GUATEMALA: SAN MARCOS: Montane cloud forest area on outer 
slopes of Tajumulco Volcano, Sierra Madre Mountains, about 10 km 
west of San Marcos, 2^4-00-2700 m, 3 January I965, L. 0. Williams 
et al . 27215 (F, type). 

The petals and stamens of Tillandsia nervata are very 
immatxire but in all probability they are of the subgenus 
Tillandsia type, although in an artificial key they come close 
to species of subgenus Phytarrhiza . There is also the lesser 
possibility of its belonging to subgenus Allardtia . 

NERVISEPALA (Gilmartin) L. B. Smith, comb. nov. T. fendleri 
Griseb. var. nervisepala Gilmartin, Phytologia 16: I57. 1968. 
ALL. 

PARVIFLORA R. & P. PS-C. XII-47 (l). 

Var. PARVTFLORA. Scape-bracts acute or attenuate. Inflo- 
rescence bipinnate. 

Var. EXPANSA L. B. Smith, Phytologia 22: 87, pi. 1, fig. 7. 
1971 • Scape -bracts long -caudate. Inflorescence amply tri- 
pinnate . 

PCMACOCHAE Rauh, Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz "1973',' no. 3: 25, 
fig. li+-15. 1973. ALL. 

PROPAGULIFERA Rauh, Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz "1973", no. 3: 
10, fig. h-6. 1973- TIL. 

As indicated in the key above^T. propagulifera closely 
resembles T. paniculata (L.) L. in habit, the most distinctive 
difference in photographs being the much narrower leaf -blades 
of T. propagulifera . 

PYRAMIDATA Andre. ALL. IX-^3 (l). 

Var. PYRAMIDATA. Flowers all normal. 

Var. VIVIPARA Ra\ih, Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz"l973" no. 3: 
17, fig. 7, 8. 1973' Flowers largely viviparous. 

REUTERI Rauh. ined. ALL. In his manuscript, Rauh compares 
this species with T. glauca L. B. Smith, but its strongly 
beaked floral bracts places it next to T. stenoura Harms in 
my key. 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromcliaceae 37 

RHODOSTICTA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. ueppeana Steud., 
cui verisimiliter affinis, inflorescentia sitnplici, bracteis 
florigeris laevibus differt. A T. pretiosa Mez, Quatn valde 
simulans, foliis rubropictis, inflorescentia laxiore differt. 
ALL. 

PLANT presumably stemless, flowering ca. 5O cm high. LEAVES 
to 28 cm long, inconspicuously appressed-lepidote throughout, 
green with prominent red spots; sheaths elliptic, 6 cm long; 
blades narrowly triangular, I5-2O mm wide at base. SCAPE 
slender, curved; scape -bracts erect, imbricate, the lower 
polystichous, subfoliaceous but much reduced, the upper like 
the floral bracts but smaller and distichous. INFLORESCENCE 
simple, linear-lanceolate, acute, to 27 cm long, h cm wide, 
strongly complanate, glabrous; rhachis slender, nearly straight. 
FLORAL BRACTS distichous, divergent at anthesis and exposing 
the rhachis, elliptic, acute, to ^^ ram long, exceeding the 
sepals, 11 mm wide on the side, carinate, coriaceous, even, 
sub lustrous, rose with a violet apex. SEPALS free, linear, 
acute, 35 nim long, thin, nerved, the posterior carinate; petal- 
blades elliptic, obtuse, dark blue (I Blass); stamens included. 
PI. II, fig. L: Scape and inflorescence; fig. E: Sepal. 

ECUADOR: AZUAY: Cuenca, I967, cultivated by Alfred Blass 
(us, type), in 19T0. 

SCHUNKEI L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. caerulea H.B.K., cui 
verisimiliter affinis, spica multiflora, floribus multo minori- 
bus, sepalis dense lepidotis, petalis breviter unguiculatis 
differt. PHY. 

PLANTS evidently in dense masses; roots present; stems at 
least h cm long, ca. 8 mm thick including the leaf -sheaths. 
LEAVES polystichous, to IT cm long, densely cinereous -lepidote 
with retrorse -divergent scales; sheaths suborbicular, 8 mm 
long; blades filamentous, nearly straight, ca. 2 mm wide at 
base. Scape erect, 1 mm thick, glabrescent; scape-bracts 
involute, erect, ovate with a filiform apex, shorter than the 
internodes. Inflorescence simple and distichous -flowered or 
rarely a short branch at base, densely lepidote except the 
petals, lax, many-flowered; rhachis slender, straight. FLORAL 
BRACTS broadly ovate, acute, about half as long as the sepals; 
flowers strongly divergent, more than twice as long as the 
Internodes. SEPALS free, lance -elliptic, acute and beaked, 5 mm 
long, carinate; yellowish when dry, the claw very short, the 
blade elliptic, acute, mostly included; stamens deeply included 
but exceeding the pistil; anthers apiculate. Style about equal- 
ing the ovary. CAPSULE slenderly cylindric, I5 nm long. PI. I, 
fig. A: Inflorescence; fig. B: Sepal; fig. C: Petal; fig. D: 
Stamens & pistil. 

PERU: lUMBES: Zarumilla: Matapalo: Campoverde 68 km from 
Tumbes. dry woods, 6OO-8OO m alt., ik December I96T, J. Schunke 
V. 24o4 (US, type; F, isotype). 

STENOURA var. TRIPINNATA (L. B. Smith) L. B. Smith, Phytolo- 
gia 21: 93. 1971. T. deppeana var. tripinnata L. B. Smith, 
Phytologia 5: U9. 195'+« T- stenoura var. gonzalezii Gilmartin, 



38 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Phytologia l6: 155 . 1968. T. fendleri var. fendleri sensu 
L. B. Smith, Phytologia 20: 175- 1970. ALL. 

STEffiRMARKII L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A T. seemannii (Baker) 
Mez, cui affinis, foliorum laminis suhfilifonnibus, inflores- 
centiam subduplo superantibus, bracteis florigeris ovatis 
differt. PS-C. 

PLANT Btemless, flowering to 15 cm high. LEAVES in a sub- 
bulbous, ovoid rosette, to ^5 cm long, covered with appressed, 
brown -centered scales; sheaths ovate, to 7 cm long, dark 
castaneous; blades subfiliform, to ^ mm wide at base, involute, 
green. SCAPE erect, slender; scape-bracts erect, imbricate, 
the lower with foliaceous blades, the upper acute. INFLO- 
RESCENCE simple, oblong, 3 cm long, complanate, ca. 8-flowered. 
FLORAL BRACTS imbricate, ovate, 8 mm long, convex, thin, nerved, 
densely lepidote. SEPALS asymmetric, obovate, truncate, 3 ™n 
long, thin, densely pale -lepidote. PI. Ill, fig. I: Leaf; 
fig. J: Inflorescence; fig. K: Sepal. 

VENEZUELA: YARACUY: virgin cloud forest at the crest of 
the range. El Amparo to Candelaria, 7-10 km north of Norte de 
Salom, 1200-1300 m, 27-3O December 1972, J. A. Steyermark. V. C. 
Espinoza & E. Jiederichs IO6763 (US, type; VEN, isotype). 

SUBINFLATA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. Ab omnibus speciebus sub- 
generis Tillandsiae. foliorimi laminis anguste triangularibus, 
cinereo-lepidotis, vaginis subinflatis, atro-castaneis, bracteis 
florigeris lepidotis, sepala superantibus, sepalis lepidotis, 
posterioribuE carinatis differt. TIL. 

PLANT (known only from fragments) flowering at least 25 cm 
high. LEAVES almost certainly rosulate, over 30 cm long, 
covered with fine, subspreading, cinereous scales; sheaths sub- 
orbicular, 6 cm long, subinflated, dark castaneous; blades very 
narrowly triangular, ca. I5 mm wide at base, involute, contorted. 
SCAPE erect; scape-bracts erect, imbricate, lanceolate, atten- 
uate, cinereous -lepidote. INFLORESCENCE typically simple 
although separate spikes appear to have been lateral, to 11 cm 
long, lax, apically distichous -flowered, basally polystichous; 
rhachis slender, flexuous, lepidote. FLORAL BRACTS divergent, 
lepidote, ecarinate, equaling or exceeding the sepals, the 
lower like the scape-bracts, the upper ovate, acute, red; 
flowers subsessile. SEPALS oblong, subacute, 25 mm long, lepi- 
dote, the posterior carinate, more or less connate; petals 
tubular -convolute, h cm long, violet; stamens exserted. PI. II, 
fig. A: Leaf; fig. B: Inflorescence; fig. C: Posterior 
sepals. 

MEXICO: ZACATECAS: without exact locality, cult. & coram. 
A. Blass (us, type), June 1973- 

SUCREI E. Pereira, Rodriguesia 26: II5, pi. h. 197I; Leandra 
2, no. 2: 70, pi. 7. 1972. ANO. 

Although it is fairly clear that this is a new species it 
is not certain where it should be inserted in my key. Neither 
of the descriptions states whether the floral bracts are lepi- 
dote or glabrous or whether even or nerved. 

SUPERINSIGNIS Matuda, Cact. & Succul. Journ. (U. S.) ^5: 189, 



197U Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 39 

fig. 6. 1973. TIL. Cf . also under Subkey IX because the form 
of the leaf -blade is uncertain in the description and may well 
be in fact also. There are tillandsias such as T. multiflora 
Benth. that vary from a perfectly triangular blade to a 
subligulate one. In either case T. superinsignis is abundantly 
distinct in my key. 

TECTORUM E. Morr. ALL. I-3T (2). 

Var. TECTORUM. Leaf -blades filiform -attenuate, to 20 cm 
long, ^ mm wide at base. Spikes to ^5 ™a long and 7-f lowered. 

Var. BRACHYPHYLLA Rauh, ined. Leaf -blades attenuate to a 
blunt apex, 5-7 cm long, 5 mm wide at base. Spikes I5 mm long 
and 2 -3 -flowered. 

TERES L. B. Smith, emend. Rauh, Akad. Wiss. & Lit. Mainz 
1973'; no. 3: 33, fig- 18-20. 1973- TIL. IX-I6 (l). 

PLANT stemless, flowering 2 m long when extended. LEAVES to 
80 cm long; blades 8 cm wide. SCAPE to 60 cm long, 3 cm thick 
at base; upper scape -bracts rufescent -violet. INFLORESCENCE 
laxly 2-3-pinnate, l.h m long; branches to 60 cm long; spikes 
to 20 cm long; rhachis internodes 5-7 mm long. FLORAL BRACTS 
to 27 mm long and wide. SEPALS li+-22 mm long; petals exceeding 
the floral bracts by about 1 cm. 

Data from Rauh 222l4 (heID, US, topotype). 

UNDULATOBRACTEATA Rauh, ined. ALL. In his manuscript, Rauh 
relates this species to T. hutchisonii L. B. Smith, but by 
emphasizing the relative length of the floral bracts my 
artificial key places it with T. maxima and T. platyphylla Mez. 
In reality, T. undulatobracteata is immediately distinguishable 
from all species of subgenus Allardtia by the broad, bullate- 
crisped margins of its floral bracts. 

VELICKIANA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. T. lepidosepala L. B. Smith 
et T. benthamiana Kl. ex Baker affinis, sed scapo brevissimo, 
scapi bracteis quam bracteis florigeris brevioribus differt. 

PLANT flowering to 12 cm high. LEAVES very many in a dense 
spreading rosette, to 11 cm long, covered with subspreading 
cinereous scales; sheaths elliptic -oblong, merging with the 
blades; blades very narrowly triangular, filiform -attenuate, 
soon involute, ca. 1 cm wide at base. SCAPE very short and 
hidden by the leaves; scape -bracts elliptic, caudate to apicu- 
late, green, subcoriaceous, lepidote, shorter than the floral 
bracts, sub involuc rate beneath the inflorescence. INFLORES- 
CENCE erect, simple, 6 cm long, 2 cm wide and nearly as thick, 
subfusiform, narrowly acute, densely few-flowered. FLORAL 
BRACTS slightly more than distichous at base, exactly so above, 
ovate, acute, h cm long, much exceeding the sepals, ecarinate, 
thin, roseate, subdensely white -lepidote; flowers subsessile. 
SEPALS elliptic, obtuse, 28 mm long, free, thin, sparsely 
lepidote, the posterior carinate; petals erect in a tube, h cm 
long, white; stamens exserted. PI. I, fig. E: Inner leaves 
and inflorescence; fig. F: Flower. 

GUATEMALA: without exact locality, cultivated in Los 
Angeles, California, September 1973, £• J- Velick s. n. (US, 
type). 



Uo 



PHITOLOGIA 

Plate I 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




Fig. A-D: Tillandsia schunkei. E, F: T. velickiana. 
G, H: T. intumeecens var. brevilamina. 
I, J: T. hintoniana. K, L: T- nervata. 



19 7U 



Smith, Notes on Bromellaceae 
Plate II 



la 




Fig. A-C: TillandBia subinflata. D, E: T. rhodosticta. 
F, G: T. dodsonii. H, I: T. gracillima. 



Ii2 



PHYTOLOGIA 
Plate III 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




Fig. A, B: Tillandsla cretacea. C, D: T. eizii. 
E, F: T. bongarana. G, H: T. dudleyi. 
I-K: T. Bteyermarkii. 



STUDIES IN THE LIABEAE (ASTERACEAE) . II 
PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE GENERA 



H. Robinson and R. D. Brettell 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 



Two related papers have been concerned with the tribal 
status of the Liabeae and with the four genera of the Liabeae 
that have been classified in four separate tribes (Robinson & 
Brettell 1973; Robinson & Cuatrecasas 1973). The major remain- 
ing problems that are treated in this paper involve the detailed 
analysis of the primary genus, Li a bum , and the summary of the 
revised generic concepts of the tribe. 

The present treatment recognizes fourteen genera in the tribe 
Liabeae with the increase derived entirely from the dissection 
of the overly expanded concept of Liabum . As conceived by Bentham 
(1873) and Hoffmann (1894), Liabum included a variety of habits 
equal to that in the vast genus Senecio . All illusions of an 
intergrading series disappear on examination of microscopic 
structures. Supporting evidence is obtained from pollen, style 
branches, corolla shapes, stipules, raphids, minute details of 
pappus, stomates on corollas, exothecial cells, nectaries, ray 
flower length, ornamentation of receptacles, corolla and achene 
pubescence, carpopodia, filaments and phyllaries. The characters 
have all proven to correlate rather well with macroscopic features 
and all the resulting genera can be recognized by a combination of 
habit, leaf venation, inflorescence form and pappus. 

The relationships among the Liabeae prove to be much more 
complex than previous treatments would indicate. Some general 
groupings are obvious, however. The Munnozia group is particularly 
distinct with the black anthers, distinct disk corolla tubes, wery 
prominent rays, short raphids in the achenes and short style branches 
The Paranephel ius group has pale anthers large pollen with simple 
spines, long raphids in the achenes and long style branches. The 
Liabum group has comparatively small spores and rather short rays 
and includes many variations having sometimes shrubby habits or 
filiform style branches, short raphids in the achenes, very narrow 
tubes of the disk corollas or corolla lobes without evident 
stomata. The remaining groups including Sinclairia and Austrol iabum 
have long raphids in the achenes, large pollen with more complex 
spines and intermediate length style branches. The analysis of 
the tribe indicates that the reduced habit of a few more basal 
leaves and a small scapose inflorescence has evolved in four 

i*3 



Uh PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

separate groups, Li a bum , Li a bell um , Chrysactinium and Pseudonoseris . 
The eppapose condition has evolved in two genera, Cacosmia and 
Philoglossa . 

Most of the microscopic characters used in the tribe are 
easily seen in dissections but two characters require special 
notice. The raphids in the achene wall are inside the cells of 
the various layers and usually cannot be seen without a clearing 
agent. A clearing agent such as Hoyer's solution is definitely 
required to observe the differentiated cell tips in the pappus 
of Li a bum , 01 igactis and Chionopappus . In water only the slightest 
differentiation of the cell tips can be seen but the combination 
of clearing and the altered index of refraction in Hoyer's solution 
reveals a very small thin-walled acumi nation or apiculus on the 
tip of each tooth. The pappus character is often difficult to 
see but in only one species in the group of three genera, Liabum 
domingense , has it proven to be lacking. 

This study has benefited from reference to extensive notes 
maintained by Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas and from Liabum material on 
loan to Dr. Cuatrecasas from the Field Museum in Chicago. 

The genera can be distinguished by the following keys. The 
first key uses the more obvious characters while the second key 
attempts to reflect more of the relationships. 



Key to Genera 

1. Corolla tube abruptly expanding into rather tubular base of 
limb; anther thecae partly or totally black; style branches 
rather short, not more than ten times as long as wide; 
heads usually on 'ijery long slender unbranched peduncles, 
never congested 2 

1. Corolla tube gradually expanding into limb; anther thecae 
pale or brownish; style branches short to very elongate, 
sometimes filiform; heads never on very long slender 
unbranched peduncles, often congested 4 

2. Pappus very vestigial or lacking; at least the stipules of 
the leaves bearing hairs with much enlarged basal cells; 
tube of disk corolla 2-3 times as long .as wide 

Philoglossa 

2. Pappus with prominent setae or squamae or both; leaves 

not bearing hairs with much enlarged basal cells; tube of 
disk corolla much longer 3 

3. Plants with leaves in basal rosettes; inflorescence of single 
heads on very long unbranched peduncles; corolla lobes 
with short-stalked capitate glands scattered over outer 



197U Robinson fie Bret tell. Studies in the Liabeae U5 

surface, without longer glands or hairs; anther collars 
with prominent transverse annular thickenings obscuring 
cell pattern Chrysactinium 

3. Plants small to robust herbs with distinct leafy stems, 

usually with branching inflorescence; corolla lobes usually 
with elongate hairs or glands near tips; anther collars 
with annular thickenings not obscuring cell limits 

Munnozia 

4. Plant a basal rosette with heads sessile and immersed 

Paranephel ius 

4. Plant with heads raised on short to elongate pedicels 5 

5. Pappus completely absent, achene completely glabrous 

Cacosmia 



5. Pappus present, achene with at least a few glands or setae 

6 

6. Pappus setae plumose, in one series; corollas of disk 

flowers red or purple Chiono pappus 

6. Pappus not plumose, usually in more than one series; all 

flowers yellow 7 

7. Inflorescence with all or all but most basal bracts and 

branches subopposite and alternate; receptacle minimally 
alveolate, without any hairs, chaff or projections 8 

7. Inflorescence with all or with primary bracts and branching 
opposite; receptacle with minute hairs or chaff or pro- 
jections 10 

8. Pappus with inner setae broadened and flattened like outer 
squamae; small high elevation plants Angel ianthus 

8. Pappus with setae narrow and mostly terete 9 

9. Plants with leaves in basal rosette, leaf venation essen- 
tially pinnate; pollen spines simple without evident 
multiple chambering at base Pseudonoseris 

9. Plants with prominent erect leafy stems, primary leaves 
prominently trinervate; spines of pollen with distinct 
complex chambering in base Austrol iabum 

10. Plants shrubs, vines or trees; leaves with pinnate venation 



U6 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

achenes bearing both glands and setae 11 

10. Plants small to large herbs; leaves rather prominently tri- 
nervate; achenes with or without glands 12 

11. Scandent shrubs; leaf bases not stipulate or with only ad- 
jacent lobe on node; raphids in walls of achene quadrate; 
tips of cells of pappus teeth with specialized thin walled 
mucro 01 igactis 

11. Shrubs and small trees; leaf bases with stipules fused into 
small sheath; raphids in walls of achene elongate; tips of 
cells of pappus teeth not specialized Ferreyranthus 

12. Leaves deeply palmately lobed; small few headed plants with 
underground tuber Liabellum 

12. Leaves dentate to entire, not palmately lobed; small to 

larger herbs without underground tuber 13 

13. Petiole bases and nodes without wings or lobes, leaves some- 
times in whorls of three or more; stems usually not white 
tomentose, mostly terete; inflorescence in thyrsoid or 
corymbose panicle; ray flowers often lacking; pollen 
grains 35-50^Jl in diam.; achenes with elongate raphids in 
walls; tips of teeth of pappus setae not specialized 

Sinclairia 

13, Petiole bases or nodes with wings or lobes, leaves always 
opposite; stems always white tomentose or flocculose 
pubescent; inflorescence a cymose panicle; ray flowers 
always present; pollen grains 25-35ij, in diam; achenes 
with quadrate raphids in walls; tips of cells in pappus 
teeth with thin-walled mucro Liabum 



Alternative Key 

I. Anther thecae black; peduncles usually elongate; corollas 

abruptly expanded above tube; style branches rather short 
Munnozia , Chrysactinium , Philoglossa 

1. Anther thecae pale; peduncles usually short; style branches 
often wery long 2 

2. Pappus in one row or lacking; achene without distinct 

carpopodium 3 

2. Pappus in 2-3 rows; achene with distinct carpopodium 4 



197h Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae hi 

3. Pappus lacking; corolla lobes without stomata; heads with 

few broad rays Cacosmia 

3. Pappus with plumose setae; corolla lobes with stomata near 
margin; heads with many narrow rays Chionopappus 

4. Pappus with tips of projecting cells bearing a minute 

thin-walled mucro; walls of achenes with cells containing 
quadrate raphids; pollen grains 25-35)ji in diam. corolla 
lobes without evident stomata 5 

4. Pappus with tips of projecting cells not specialized; walls 
of achenes with cells containing elongate raphids; pollen 
grains mostly 35-50p, in diam; corolla lobes usually with 
evident stomata 6 

5. Plant small to large herbs; leaves slightly to strongly 
trinervate; inflorescence cymose or subcymose; achenes 
with only setae and no glands Li a bum 

5. Plants scandent shrubs; leaves pinnately veined; inflorescence 
a corymbose or thyrsoid panicle; achene with glands and 
setae 01 igactis 

6. Plants with leaves mostly in basal rosettes; pollen grains 
with spines simple internally 7 

6. Plants with prominent erect leafy stems; pollen grains with 
spine bases intricately chambered internally 9 

7. All pappus elements flattened Angel ianthus 

7. All least inner pappus elements capillary 8 

8. Heads sessile in basal rosette; receptacle with high ridges 
enclosing bases of achenes; phyllaries rather broad and 
blunt Paranephel ius 

8. Heads on laxly branched scape; receptacle nearly smooth; 
phyllaries rather narrow with long slender tips 

Pseudonoseris 

9. Shrubs or small trees; upper surfaces of leaves usually 

rugose, leaf venation pinnate Ferreyranthus 

9. Herbs or straggling shrubs; upper surfaces of leaves rather 
smooth, leaf venation prominently trinervate 10 

10. Most or all bracts and branches of inflorescence subopposite 



h8 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

or alternate; achene narrowed at base with small carpopodium, 
ribs very prominent; leaves never in whorls; ray flowers 
always present Austrol iabum 

10. Most bracts and branches of inflorescence opposite; achene 
cylindrical with very large carpopodium, ribs rather weak; 
leaves often in whorls; ray flowers often lacking 11 

11. Leaves sessile or winged to base, palmately lobed; small 

plants with basal tuber Liabel lum 

11. Leaves petiolate without wings or stipules, not lobes; 

plants without basal tuber Sinclairia 



ANGELIANTHUS H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell nom. nov. Liabel lum 
CabreraTTIotrMu?. La Plata 17, Bot. no. 84:76. 1954. (not 
Liabel lum Rydberg) T. Liabel lum humile Cabrera, originally 
monotypic. 

The genus is named for Dr. Angel L. Cabrera, the author of 
the species. 

An£eJJanUius humilis (Cabrer^ H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

comb. nov. Liabel lum humile Cabrera, Not. Mus. La Plata 
17, Bot. No. 84:78. 1954. 

AUSTROLIABUM H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, genus novum 
AsteracearurfTTTTabeae) . Plantae herbaceae vel suffruticentes. 
Folia opposita vel subopposita distincte petiolata, petiolis 
alatis vel base stipulatis, laminis triangularibus vel lanceolatis 
subtus vel utrinque albo-tomentosis, nervis basilaribus trifidis. 
Inflorescentiae plerumque cymosae superne alternate ramosae, 
pedicel! is saepe elongatis. Capitula late companulata; squamae 
involucri ca. 3-4 seriatae inaequales vel subaequales 
anguste attenuataeextus plerumque glandulis longiuscule stipitatis 
dense obsitae; receptacula admodum glabra. Flores ca . 50-200; 
radii 1-2-seriati longi, corollis base perangustis hirsutis; 
corollae disci inferne sensim perangustae parce hirsutae, lobis 
elongatis plerumque glabris ad apicem hirsutis marginal iter 
stomatiferis; filamenta antherarum laevia vel papillosa; 
thecae pallidae base subfimbriatae, eel lulls exothecial ibus 
ovalis irregulariter ornatis in extremis nodiferis, appendices 
longe ovatae 1-1/2 - 2 longiores quam latiores laeves; rami 
stylorum ca. 15 longiores quam latiores. Achaenia oborata 
inferne distincte angustiora valde 10-costata dense setifera, 
raphidibus elongatis; carpopodia angusta, cellulis plerumque 
3-5-seriatis aliquantum parvis, parietibus subcrassis; series 
pappi exteriores mediocriter vel manifeste squamiformes 
interiores setiformes plerumque facile deciduae, apicibus 
cellularum simplicibus. Grana pollinis 35-45ij, diam., spinis 



197U 



Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae 



19 



irregularibus interne intricatis. Species typica: Liabum 
candidum Griseb. 

Au s tro 1 j a bum c a nd i d urn (Griseb.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comb. nov. Liabum candidum Griseb., Symbolae 203. 1979. 

;^!ii£]22li2,k!:^ ^ll^ESJEl^^ (Cabrera) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comb. nov. Liabum eremophilum Cabrera, Bol . Soc. Arg. 
Bot. 2:96. 1947. 

Austrol iabum mulgediifol ium (Muschler) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comFTlibTr TTaHiffrmuTgediifol ium Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
50, Beibl. 111:85. 1913. 

i^]il.!5Jloii^,^ £2l)^^^ (R.E. Fries) H.Robinson & R.D. Brettell, 

comb. nov. Liabum polymnioides R.E.Fries, Arkiv Bot. 
5(13):24. pi. 1, fig. 10-11. 1906. 

CACOSMIA H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:227. ed. fol . 1818. 
T. Cacosmia rugosa H.B.K., originally monotypic. 

Cacosmia rugosa H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:228, ed. fol. 1818. 

CHIONOPAPPUS Benth. in Benth. & Hook f. Gen. 3:485. 1873. 
T. Chionopappus benthamii Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci . 
25:492. 1935. monotypic, originally described without named 
species. 

Chionopappus benthamii Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 25: 
492. 1935. 

CHRYSACTINIUM (H.B.K.) Wedd., Chlor. And. 1:212. 1856. 
Andromachia sect. Chrysactinium H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. & Sp. 
4:77 ed. fol. 1818. LT. : Andromachia acaulis H.B.K., present 
designation. 

Chrysactinium acaule (H.B.K.) Wedd., Chlor. And. 1:212. 1857. 

Ancromachia acaulis H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:77 ed. fol. 1818, 

C!]JCJ^H£iiGii^ liERt!££lll^ (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comb. nov. Liabum amphothrix Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. 
Sci. 17:290. 1927. 

CilD^£3£^!llidJn art^ H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , 

comb. nov. Liabum arthrothrix Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. 
Sci. 17:288. 1927. 

£!lD!13£Ujl!i:iI!L y.££l2I. (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. 

nov. Liabum bicolor Blake, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:290. 1927. 



50 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



Chrysactinium caulescens (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , 
cBSFnToV; ITaBufrPcaulescens Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
36:500. 1905. 

Chrysactinium erigeroides (Benth.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

cof^Fr~nov7 nrraBLinrer"igeroides Benth., PI. Hartw. 206. 1845. 

C!Ti:;)lsactjjTJum 1^^ (H.B.K.) H. Robinson & R.D.Brettell 

comb. nov. Andromachia hieracioides H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. et 
Sp. 4:77 ed. fol . 1818. 

£!irX55£^ljliyi!l l£n£irMl5^^ H. Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

comb. nov. Liabum longiradiatum Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
21:352. 1895. 

Clhr^;^a£tijTJj^ (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

comb. nov. Liabum rosulatum Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
36:501. 1905. 

Chrysactinium temmj^ (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

comb. nov. Liabum teruius Blake, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci . 
17:289. 1927. ("tenuior"). 

FERREYANTHUS H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, genus novum Aster- 
acearufrrXCTaBeaeT'- Plantae fruticentes vel subarborescentes. 
Folia opposita, petiolis brevibus saepe alatis base breviter 
vaginatis connatis, laminis ovatis vel ellipticis supra 
plerumque rugosis subtus albo-tomentosis, nervis pinnatis. 
Inflorescentiae corymboso-paniculatae, pedicellis aliquantum 
brevibus angustis. Capitula late campanulata; squamae 
involucri ca. 5-seriatae valde inaequales acutae; receptacula 
breviter distincte paleacea. Flores ca. 20-25; radii uniseriati 
breves, corollis base perangustis; corollae disci anguste infundi 
bulares, tubis aliquantum latae indistinctae glabrae, lobis 
elongatis superne pauce setiferis vel breviter glandul iferis 
marginal iter stomatiferis; filamenta antherarum glabra vel 
hirsuta; thecae plerumque pallidae base valde fimbriatae, 
cellulis exothecial ibus ovalis in extremis nodiferis, appen- 
dices oblongo-ovatae 1-1/2 - 2 longiores quam latiores laeves; 
rami stylorum ca 10-12 longiores quam latiores. Achaenia 
prismatica inferne parum angustiora leniter 10-costata varie 
setifera et glandul ifera, raphidibus elongatis; carpopodia 
obturacul iformia, cellulis aliquantum parvis, parietibus 
crassis; series pappi exteriores anguste squamiformes 
interiores setiformes persistentes, apicibus eel lul arum 
simplicibus. Grana pollinis 25-40p, diam, spinis irregularibus 
interne intricatis. Species typica: Andromachia verbascifol ia 
H.B.K. 



19714 



Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae 



51 



FerTe;^MrwyTu^ excel sus (Poepp. & Endl.) H.Robinson R R.D. Brettell, 
comFTTio'v . TTngTomachJa excel sum Poepp . & Endl . , Nov . Gen . 
& Sp. 3:44.1843. 

FerreyranjUTUs (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D. 

Br?TteTr,~comBT~riov'! UTaEum pseudosal viifolium Hieron. , 
Engl . Bot. Jahrb. 36:502. 1905. 

f£JZ5XC5Jiyi!:i£ Ilii9£5]il (Ferreyra) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. Liabum rugosum Ferreyra, Publ . Mus. "Javier Prado" 
Bot. 20:3. 1965. 

IFen;^e^j;wthus toya^ H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. 

"^ noV7 ~irrabum tovari Cabrera, Bol . Soc Argent. Bot. 10:29. 
1962. 

f£JCI£^££!l5Jl!^ ^^f^£iil5Jl§. (Muschler) H.Robinson & R.D. Brettell, 
comb. nov. Liabum vaginans Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
50, Beibl . 111:79.1913. 

Fen;;£;^M2an_thLi^ verbascifolius (H.B.K.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell . 
comb. novT AnBrmiachTa" verbascifol ia H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. 
& Sp. 4:79 ed.fol. 1818. 

Ferreyranthus venT£!lioide£ (Muschler) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 . 
comBT^v. Liabum vernonioides Muschler, Engl. Bot. 
Jahrb. 50, Beibl . 111:80.1913. 

LIABELLUM Rydberg, North Am. Flora 34:294. 1927. T.: 
Liabum palmeri A. Gray, original designation. 

Liabellum angustissimum (Gray) Rydb., North. Am. Flora 34:295. 

1927. Liabum angustissimum Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. 22:432. 1887. 

Liabellum cervinum (B.L.Rob.) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:294.1927. 
Liabum cervinum B.L.Rob., Proc. Amer. Acad. 29:317. 1894. 

Liabellum palmeri (Gray) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:295.1927. 
Liabum palmeri Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. 22:432.1887. 

LIABUM adans., Fam. 2:131. 1763. Lt.: Liabum brownei 



Cass.= Liabum umbel latum (L.) Sch. Bip. Starkea Willd". , Sp. 
PI . 3:2216.1803. T. : Amellus umbellata L., originally 
monotypic. Andromachia Humb. & Bonpl . , PI. Aequin. 2:104.1809. 
T.: Andromachia igniaria Bonpl . Allendea Llav . & Lex., Nov. 
Veg. Deser. 1:10.1824. T.: Allendea lanceolata Llav. & Lex.= 
Liabum bourgeaui . Viviania Willd. ex Less., Linnaea 4:318. 
4:318.1829. T.: Viviania bicolor Willd. = Liabum melastomoides 
(H.B.K.) Less. 



52 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Liabum acuminatum Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. PI. 161.1920. 

Liabum acutifolium Cuatr., Collect. Bot., Barcinone 3:299.1953. 

Liabum amplexans Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:292.1927. 

Liabum amplexicaule Poepp. & Endl . , Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3:43.1843. 

Liabum asclepiadeum Sch. Bip., Linnaea, 20:521.1847. 

Liabum barahonense Urb., Arkiv. Bot. 23A:85. 1931. 

Liabum bourgeaui Hieron.; Ule, Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brand. 
48:208.1907. 

Liabum caliense Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 28:623. 1901. 

Liabum cubense Sch. Bip., Journ. Bot. 1:236. 1863. 

Liabum domingense Rydb. North Am. Flora 34:291.1927. 

Liabum eggersii Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 28:624,1901. 

Liabum eriocaulon Poepp. & Endl . Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3:43. t. 
249.1843. 

Liabum falcatum Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. PI. 161.1920. 

Liabum floribundum Less., Linnaea 6:702. 1831. 

Liabum grandiflorum (H.B.K.) Less., Linnaea 6:698.1831. 
Andromachia grandiflora H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 
4:77. ed. fol . 1818. 

Liabum igniarium (H.B.K.) Less. Linnaea 6:701.1831. 

Andromachia igniaria H.B.K. PI. Aequin. 2:104.1812. 

Liabum lehmannii Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 19:61. 1894. 

Liabum longipes Urb., Fedde, Rep. Sp. Nov. 26:115.1929. 

Liabum melastomoides (H.B.K.) Less., Linnaea 6:699.1831. 
Andromachia melastomoides H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 
4:79 ed. fol . 1818. 

Liabum nigro-pilosum Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29:59. 1900. 

Liabum oblanceolatum Urb. & EKm., Arkiv. Bot. 23A:89.1931. 



197U Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Ljabeae 53 

Liabum ovatifolium Urb., Arkiv. Bot. 23A:86.1931. 

LJabum polycephalum Urb., Arkiv. Bot. 23A:88.1931. 

Liabum selleanum Urb., Arkiv. Bot. 23A:26.1931. 

Liabum sol idagineum (H.B.K.) Less., Linnaea 6:700.1831. 

Andromachia solidaqinea H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:78 ed . fol . 
1818. 

Liabum sti palatum Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. PI. 160.1920. 

Liabum stuebelii Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 21:353.1895. 

Liabum subacaule Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:290.1927. 

Liabum subumbellatum Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. PI. 159. 1920. 

Liabum ulei Hieron, Verh. Bot. Ver. Brand. 1906, 68:206.1907. 

Liabum umbel la turn (L.) Sch. Bip. Journ. Bot. 1:236.1863. 
Amellus umbel 1atus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10.1225. 1759. 

Liabum weberbaueri Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 50, Beibl. Ill: 
78. 1913. 

Liabum wrightii Griseb. Mem. Am. Acad. n. ser. 8:515.1862. 

Liabum wurdackii Ferreyra, Publ . Mus. Hist. Nat. "Javier Prado" 
Bot. Ser. B. 20:2.1965. 

MUNNOZIA Ruiz & Pavon, Prod. Fl . Per. 108. 1794. LT.: 
Munnozia lanceolata Ruiz & Pavon, present designation. The 
genus was originally described with mention of two unnamed 
species (Ruiz & Pavon 1794). Four species were later described 
(R & P. 1798). Cabrera (1960) in his notes of the types of the 
four species indicated that only two had been annotated as 
new genus. Of these two, M. lanceolata seems the most completely 
known and it is here selected as the lectotype. 

Key to Subgenera 

1. Exothecial cells quadrate with thickenings on both transverse 
and vertical walls; pappus with lacerate or triangular 
outer squamae and very few inner setae. Kastnera 

1. Exothecial cells without evident thickenings on vertical 
walls; pappus with numerous setae and with few or no 
outer squamae 2 



51| PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

2. Leaves densely tomentose below, trinervate near base; 
nectaries not very long; achenes mostly 8-10 ribbed 

Munnozia 

2. Leaves nearly glabrous on both sides, with 5-7 veins 

radiately from base nectaries elongate; achenes mostly 
5-ribbed. Erato 

Munnozia subgenus Munnozia . Al ibum Less. , Syn. Comp. 152. 
1832. T. Alibum liaboides Less.= Munnozia lyrata , originally 
monotypic. Prionolepis Poepp. & Endl . , Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3:55, 
t.261. 1845. T. Prionolepis silphioides Poepp. & Engl., originally 
monotypic. Liabum subgenus Chrysartrum Willd. ex Sch. Bip., 
Flora 36:37. 1853. T. Liabum sagittatum Sch. Bip., present 
designation. Chrysastrum (Sch. Bip.) Willd. ex Wedd., Chlor. 
And. 1:211, in nota. 1857. T. Liabum sagittatum Sch. Bip. 

Munnoria^ aco^tae (Chung) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , comb. nov. 
Liabum acostae Chung, Phytologia 14(6) :323. 1967. 

Munnor[a_ af finis (Blake) H. Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. 
LiabLmTaTTTne Blake. Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci . 17:301.1927. 

Munnozia an£ust£ (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
Liabum angustum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:295.1927. 

Munnozia attenuata Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:317.1927. 

!!!MJl!]£?iL £^IlH^Jl§jii. (C^^^'^-) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb, 
nov. Liabum canarense Cuatr., Brittonia 8:46.1954. 

Munnozia^ cardenasii (Cabrera) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. 
nov." nrrerBunrcardenasii Cabrera, Not. Mus. La Plata, Bot. 
14:191.1949. 

Munnozia chrysanthemoides Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:313.1927. 

Munnozia convejKJonensj^ (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
coirib. nov. Liabum convencionense Cuatr., Collect. Bot., 
Barcinone 3:300.1953. 

Munnozia corymbosa Ruiz & Pavon, Syst. Veg. Peruv. Chil . 195. 1798. 

Munnozia eriocalyx (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. 
" TTabum eriocalyx Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:297.1927. 

Munnozia foliosa Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:312.1927. 



197U Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae 55 

Munnozia glgantea (Rusby) Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:312,1927. 
Liabum qlqanteum Rusby, Bull. N.Y.Bot. Card. 4:391.1907. 

Munnozia glandulosa (O.Ktze.) Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:314. 
1927. Liabum qlandulosum O.Ktze., Rev. Gen. 3(2):163. 1898. 

Munnozia hastifolia (Poepp. & Endl.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
combTTiovT TTa'bum has ti folium Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 
3:43.1843. 

Munnozia herrerae (Cabrera) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
rrabimPFie?re"rae Cabrera, Rev. Univ. Cuzco, 33(87) :119. 1945. 

Munnozia hirta (O.Ktze.) Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:314.1927. 
Liabum hirtum 0. Ktze., Rev. Gen. 3(2): 163. 1898. 

Munnozia isodonta (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
rraburrTso3o"ntum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci . 17:298.1927. 

Munnozia jussieui (Cass.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
" 7\n?romacTiTa"jussieui Cass., Bull. Soc. Philom. 184.1817. 

Munnozia klattij H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , nom.nov. Liabum 

corymbosum Sch. Bip. ex Klatt, Annal . Naturh. Hofmus Wien. 
9:363.1894. 

Munnozia lanceolata Ruiz et Pavon, Syst. Veg. 196. 1798. 

Munnozia lonqifolia Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:313.1927. 

IJlUllQazia i^rata (Gray) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
Liabum lyratum Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 5:115.1861. 

!l:JiJJlD£?JA !!]£93£e£ha^ (Sch. Bip.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , 

comb. nov. Liabum megacephalum Sch. Bip., Flora 36:38.1853. 

^JJTJ-PJJJ- rojo.gj s i s ( H i e r n . ) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. Liabum nonoense Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 29:59.1900. 

Munnozja glearjoides (Muschler) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 

comb. nov. Liabum olearioides Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
50, Beibl. 111:82.1913. 

Munnozjj_ oxjj^£h^^ H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , comb. 

nov. Liabum oxyphyllum Cuatr., Collect. Bot., Barcinone, 
3:303.1953. 

Munnozja perfoliate (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. 
nov." TTa5u?Trpe"rfoliatum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 
17:291.1927. 



56 



PHTTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



Munnozia peruensis (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , comb, 
nov. tTaBunT'peruense Cuatr., Collect. Bot., Barcinone 
3:304.1953. 

Munnozi£ pinnulosa (0. Ktze) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. 
nov."~ iriTBufrrpinnulosum 0. Ktze. Rev. Gen. 3 (2) :163.1898. 

Munnozia pulchra (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. 
~ ^ nrTabuirr^uTchrum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:299.1927. 

Munnozia rusbyi (Britton) Rusby, Bull. Torrey Club 54:312.1927. 
Liabum rusbyi Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 19:263.1892. 

llllillGO^i^. ij?£l,£^a^ (Sch. Bip.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb, 
nov. Liabum sagittatum Sch. Bip., Flora 36:37.1853. 

Munnozia senecionidis Benth., PI. Hartw. 134. 1844. 

Munnozia silphioides (Poepp. & Endl.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
combTTiovr "PrTonolepis si lphioides Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. 
3:55. pi .261 .1845- 

Munnozia strigulosa Rusby, Bull. Torrey Bot. CI. 54:317.1927. 

Munnozi^ subviride (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb, 
nov. " TTabunPsubvi ride Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 
17:294.1927. 

Munnozia tabanensis (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb, 
nov. Liabum tabanense Cuatr., Caldasia 3:425.1945. 

Munnozia^ taeniotricha (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. 
nov. Liabum taeniotrichum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 
17:298.1927. 

Munnozia trinervis Ruiz & Pa von, Syst. Veg. 195.1798. 

Munnozia venosissima Ruiz & Pavon, Syst. Veg. 195. 1798. 

Munnozj^ subgenus Erato^(DC.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
Stat. nov. Erato DC, 5:318.1836. T. Erato polymnioides DC, 
originally monotypic. 

MiHinozia^ (Erato) ariatijia_ (Benoist) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
comb. nov. Liabum anatinum Benoist, Bull. Soc. Bot. 
France. 84:633.1938. 

Munnoz^ (Erato) BoJ[^21Ilioide£ (DC.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
comb. nov. Erato polymnioides DC, Prod. 5:318.1836. Syn. 
Liabum pallatangense Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29:60.1900. 



197U Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae ?7 

Munnozia (Erato) sodiroi (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. Liabum soBTroT Hieron. , Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29:61.1900. 

Munnozja (Erato) stenoJe£i^ (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. Liabum"TtenoTepTs Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 
17:302.1927. 

Munnozia (Erato) vulcanica (Klatt) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comb. nov. nTEunrvulcanicum Klatt, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
8:47.1887. 

Munnozia subgenus Kastnera (Sch.Bip.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , 
stat.~novT Ta'stnera Sch'.BrpTTinora 36:37.1853. T. Kastnera tenera 
Sch.Bip., originally monotypic. 

Munnozja (Kastnera) annua (Muschler) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
comb. nov. LiaEuHTa'nnuum Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 50, 
Beibl . 111:84.1913. 

Mminozja^ (Kastnera) rnvea^ (Hieron. ) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , 

comb. nov. Liabum niveum Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 19:62.1894. 

Mjjnnozja (Kastnera) 5JJTnatj^5£i;;t_iUjm (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D. 
Brettell, comb. nov. Liabum pinnatipartitum Hieron., Engl. 
Bot. Jahrb. 29:62.1900. 

Munnozia (Kastnera) tenera_ (Sch.Bip. ) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel!, 
comb. nov. Kastnera tenera Sch.Bip., Flora 36:38.1853. 

OLIGACTIS (H.B.K.) Cass., Diet. Sci .Nat. 36:16. 1825. 
Andromachia sect. 01 igactis H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:79. ed. 
fol . 1818. LT.: Andromachia volubilis H.B.K., present designation. 

01 igactis subgenus 01 igactis Heads clustered in short 
subumbel late, spiciform or racemiform axillary or terminal 
branches, anther apoendages papillose. 

01 igactis biattenuata (Rusby) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. nrTaBufirbTattenuatum Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. PI. 
159.1920. 

Oljgactis boyacensis (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. " TTaBufiPEoyacensis Cuatr., Not. Fl . Colomb. 6:36.1944; 
Rev. Acad. Colomb. 6:61.1944. 

01_i_gactj£ la ti folia (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb, 
nov. ~[!TaBimPv"o1ubile (H.B.K.) Less.v . latifol ium Hieron. , 
Engl . Bot. Jahrb. 28:622.1901 . 

Oljgactis m i k a n i o i d e s (Blake) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. nov. 
LiabunTrnTRanToTBes Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17:294.1927. 



58 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



OUgactis nubigena (H.B.K.) Cass., Diet. Sc . Nat. 36:16.1825. 
Andromachia nubigena H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:79 ed . fol . 
1818. 

OlJ^acti^ sessiliflora (H.B.K.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , comb, 
nov. T^ndromiicTrrir'sessil iflora H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:80 
ed. fol. 1818. 

Oligactis valeri (Standi.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. 
LiabunTTaTeri Standi . , Publ . Field. Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago, 
Bot. Ser., 18:1490.1938. 

Oligactis volubilis (H.B.K.) Cass., Diet. Sc. Nat. 36:17.1825. 
Andromachia volubilis H.B.K., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4:80. 
ed. fol. 1818. 

_0Vi_£acti_s subgenus Andromachiopsis H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 

subgenus novum. Plantae"TrHrEescerrtes^ubscandentes; inflorescentiae 

corymboso-paniculatae; appendices antherarum laeves. T. Liabum 
pichinchense Hieron. 

Oligactis (Andromachiopsis) coriacea (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D. 
~ Wettel 1 , comb. nov. LfabunPcoriaceum Hieron. Engl. Bot. 
Jahrb. 29:58.1900. 

OVi^actj^ (Andromachiopsis) cusaj^a£u£nsjs_^ (Hieron.) H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. Liabum cusalaguense Hieron., 
Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 29:55.1900. 

Olj^gactj^ (Andromachiopsis) ecuadoriensis (Hieron.) H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, comb. novT HTraBLmTearadoriense Hieron., 
Engl . Bot. Jahrb. 19:60.1894. 

01J_£a£ti^ (Andromachiopsis) fruticosa (Muschler) H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, comb, nov"! tTaBum" fruticosum Muschler, Engl. 
Bot. Jahrb. 50, Beibl . 111:81 .1913. 

Oli^jcti^s (Andromachiopsis) granatensis (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & 
""^^"^TDT Bret tell , comb. no\r UTaEurrPgranatensis Cuatr., 
Fedde, Rep. Sp. Nov. 55:128.1953. 

Oligactis (Andromachiopsis) hallii (Hieron.) H.Robinson & 
"OTTBrettel 1 , comb, nov"^ TTTabum hallii Hieron., Engl. 
Bot. Jahrb. 29:57.1900. 



OVi^acti^ (Andromachiopsis) ochracea (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, comb. novT^ nrTabum ochraceum Cuatr., 
Collect. Bot., Barcinone 3:302.1953. 

0l2£acti_s (Andromachiopsis) £a£toensi^ (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, comb. nov. Liabum pastoense Cuatr., Not. 



197U Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Liabeae ^9 

Fl . Colomb. 6:36.1944; Rev. Acad. Colomb. 6:62.1944. 

Oligactis (Andromachiopsi s) pichinchensis (Hieron.) H.Robinson & 
FTTTBrettell , comb. novT HTiTBufTrpTcTiinchense Hieron., Engl. 
Bot. Jahrb. 29:56.1900. 

Olj^actj^s (Andromachiopsis) scandens (Domke) H.Robinson & R.D. 
BreTtell, comb. nov. LTaBurrTscandens Domke in Diels, Bibl. 
Bot. no. 116.167. 1937 

PARANEPHELIUS Poepp. & Endl . , Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3:42. t. 248. 
1843 . T. : Paranephel ius uniflorus Poepp. & Endl . , originally 
monotypic. 

Paranephel ius asperifolius (Muschler) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , 
cSrnFTTio'v'^ rra5imras"perifo1 ium Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
50, Beibl. 111:78.1913. 

Paranephel ius bullatus Gray ex Wedd. Chlor. And. 1:214.1855. 

Parane£he]jjjs jelskii (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R. D. Brettell , comb. 
nov. LiaEimrjerskii Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 36:499.1905. 

Paranephel ius ovatus Wedd., Chlor. And. 1:214, t.37B.1855. 

Paranephel ius uniflorus Poepp. & End!., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 3:42. 
t. 248. 1843. 

PHILUGLOSSA DC. , Prod. 5:567.1836. T. Philoglossa peruviana 
DC, originally monotypic. 

Philoglossa blakei H.Robinson & J.Cuatrecasas, Phytologia 26(5): 
383.1973. 

Philoglossa mimuloides (Hieron.) H.Robinson & J.Cuatrecasas 
Phytologia 26(5) :384. 1973. Juamea mimuloides Hieron., 
Engl . Bot. Jahrb. 29:52.1900. 

Philoglossa peruviana DC, Prod. 5:567.1836. 

Philoglossa pterocarpha Sandwith, Kew Bull . 1956:292.1956. 

PSEUDONOSERIS H.Robinson & R.D.Brettel 1 , genus novum Aster- 
acearum~(TTaBeaeT^ Plantae herbaceae quasi acaulescentes. 
Folia opposita oblanceolata crenata vel lobata sessilia base 
parum auriculata supra rugosa vel sublaevia subtus albo-tomentosa, 
nervis pinnatis. Inflorescentiae scaposae superne laxe alternate 
ramosae, pedicellis et involucris glandulis longiuscule 
stipitatis dense obsitis. Capitula late campanulata; squamae 
involucri ca. 4-seriatae inaequales interiores longe attenuatae; 
receptacula subglabra. Flores ca. 40-75; radii 1-2-seriati 



60 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



longi, corollis base perangustis; corollae disci anguste infundi- 
bulares, tubis minus angustis indistinctis hirsutis, lobis elongatis 
extus glabris vel uniglandul iferis marginal iter stomatiferis ; 
filamenta antherarum laevia; thecae pallidae base non fimbriatae, 
cellulis exothecialibus ovalis in extremis nodiferis, appendices 
breviter ovatae 1-1 1/2 longiores quam latiores laeves; rami 
stylorum angusti elongati ca . 20-30 longiores quam latiores. 
Achaenia obovata inferne parum angustiora valde 10-costata sparse 
setifera, raphidibus elongatis; carpopodia breviter cylindrica, 
cellulis al iquantum magnis, parietibus nodiferis; series pappi 
exteriores anguste squamiformes interiores setiformes persis- 
tentes, apicibus cellularum simplicibus. Grana pollinis 
35-45p, diam, spinis regularibus interne simplicibus. Species 
typica: Liabum striatum Cuatr. 



Pseudonoseris dj^scol^ (Muschler) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , 
comb. nov. Onoseris discolor Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
50, Beibl .III :94.1913. syn. Liabum lanatum Ferreyra , Bol . 
Soc. Peru. Bot. 1 :1 7.1 948. 

Pseudonoseris striatum (Cuatr.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
""''''''"TomBT'lTyvT^ nrraBum' striatum Cuatr., Collect. Bot., 
Barcinone 3:306.1953. 

Pseudonoseris ^JX^^y}ovnczrj^ (Hieron.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, 
"^comB7~nyvT nrfaHmr^zys'zy 1 owi c z i i H i ero n . , Engl. Bot. 
Jahrb. 36:503.1905. 



SINCLAIRIA Hook. & Arn . , Bot. Beech. Voy. 433.1841. T.: 
Sinclairia discolor Hook. & Arn., originally monotypic . 
Sinclairiopsis Rydberg, North Am. Flora 34:292.1927. T.: Liabum 
klattii Robinson & Greenman, originally monotypic. Megal iabum 
Rydberg, North Am. Flora 34:293.1927. T.: Vernonia andrieuxii 
DC, original designation. 



Sinclairia adenotricha (Greenm.) Rydb.. 
1927. Liabum adenotrichum Greenm. 
2:349.1912. 



North Am. Flora 34:300. 
, Field Mus. Publ . Bot. 



Slj]£lai!lla ajTdnaj^^ (DC.) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, comb, 
nov. Vernonia andrieuxii DC, Prod. 5:16.1836. 

Sinclairia andromachioides (Less.) Rydb., N. Amer. Flora 34: 
298.1927. Vernonia andromachioides Less. Linnaea 6:397, 
1831 . 

Sinclairia blakei H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell, nom. nov. 
Verno"ma hypoleuca DC, Prod. 5:27. 1836. 

Sinclairia brachypus Rhdb., North Am. Flora 34:299.1927. 



197U Robinson L Brettoll, Studies in the Liabeae 61 

Sinclairia caducifolia (B.L.Robinson & Bartlett) Rydb., North Am. 

Flora 34:299.1927. Liabum caducifoHum B.L.Robinson & Bartlett, 
Proc. Amer. Acad. 43:59.1907. 

Sinclairia deamii (B.LRobinson & Bartlett) Rydb., North Am. Flora 
34:299.1927. Liabum deamii B.L.Robinson & Bartlett, Proc. 
Amer. Acad. 43:60.1907. 

Sinclairia deppeana (Less.) Rydb., North. Am. Flora 34:300.1927. 
Andromachia deppeana Less., Linnaea 6:401.1831. 

Sinclairia dimidia (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , comb. nov. 
naHrm"~9TmT9Tum Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 22:385.1932. 

Sinclairia discolor Hook. & Arn., Beech. Voy. 433.1841. 

Sinclairia glabra (Hemsl .) Rydb., North. Am. Flora 34:297.1927. 
Liabum glabrum Hems1 ., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2:232.1881. 

Sinclairia hypochlora (Blake) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:301.1927. 
Liabum hypochlorum Blake, Contr. Gray Herb. N.S. 53:27.1918. 

Sinclairia hypoleuca (Greenm.) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:297. 
1927. Liabum glabrum var. hypoleucum Greenm. , Proc. Am. 
Acad. 32.294.1897. 

Sinclairia klattii (B.L.Robinson & Greenm.) H. Robinson & R.D. 
~BreTteTTT~cofnb . nov. Liabum klattii B.L. Rcbinson & 
Greenm., Am. Journ. Sci. Ser 3. 1:156.1895. 

Sinclairia liebmannii (Klatt.) Sch. Bip. ex Rydberg, North Am., 
Flora 34:300.1927. Liabum liebmannii Klatt, Leopoldina 
23:146.1887. 

Sinclairia moorei (H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell) H.Robinson & 
"ITTDTB'retteTT, comb. nov. Liabum moorei H.Robinson & 
R.D.Brettell, Phytologia 27:252.1973. 

Sinclairia pittieri Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:300.1927. 

Sinclairia platylepis (Sch. Bip. ex Klatt) Rydb., North Am. 

Flora 34:296.1927. Liabum platylepis Sch. Bip. ex Klatt, 
Leopoldina 23:146.1887. 

Sinclairia polyantha (Klatt) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:299. 
1927. Liabum polyanthum Klatt, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. 
Belg. 31 :209.1892. 

Sinclairia £j;;;jnglei^ (B.L.Robinson & Greenm.) H.Robinson & 

OrrBretteTTr"comb . nov. Liabum pringlei B.L. Robinson 
& Greenm., Proc. Amer. Acad. 32:49.1896. 



62 



PHITGLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 



Sinclairia sericolepis (Hemsl.) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:301.1927. 
Liabum serjcolepis Hemsl . , Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2:232.1881. 

Sinclairia similis (McVaugh) H.Robinson & R.D.Brettell , comb. nov. 
"~ ~LTagum'TinnTe McVaugh. Contr. Univ. Mich. Herb. 9:468.1972. 

Sinclairia subglandularis (Blake) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:298. 
1927. Liabum subglandulare Blake, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 
24:31 .1922. 

Sinclairia sublobata (B.L.Robinson) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:297. 
1927. Liabum sublobatum B.L.Robinson, Proc. Amer. Acad. 
51 :539.1916. 

Sinclairia tajumulcensis (Standley & Steyerm.) H. Robinson & R. 
"'"nTTretteTTT'comBT'nov. Liabum tajumul cense Standley & 
Steyerm., Publ . Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Chicago. Bot. Ser. 
23:27.1943. 

Sinclairia tonduzii (B.L.Robinson) Rydb., North Am. Flora 34:298.1927. 
Liabum tonduzii B.L.Robinson, Proc. Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist. 
31:270.1904. 

Sinclairia varans (Blake) H.Robinson & R.D. Brettell, comb. nov. 
Liabum vagans Blake, Brittonia 2:354.1937. 



Species excluded from the tribe 

Liabum bolivianum Klatt, Ann. K.K. Naturh. Hofmus. Wien, 9:362. 
1894. = Gynoxys boliviana (Klatt) Blake, Contrib. Gray 
Herb. n.s. 53:28.1918. 

Liabum columbianum Klatt, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 8:47.1887(1886) = 
Gynoxys columbiana (Klatt) Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 
28:630.1901. 

Liabum eupatorioides Muschler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 50, Beibl. 
111:83.1913. = Schistocarpha sinforosii Cuatr. , Trab. 
Mus. Cienc. Nat., Madrid, Ser. Bot., no. 29:43.1935. not 
Schistocarpha eupatorioides Hieron. in Sod., Engl. Bot. 
Jahrb. 29:63. 1901 (1900). 

Liabum homogamum Hieron., Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 28:626. 1901. = 

Neomirandea homogama (Hieron.) H. Robinson & R.D. Brettell, 
rTTmriFr'SynT n^eomTrandea standi eyi (B.L.Robinson))R.M. 
King & H. Robinson; Eupatorium brenesii Standley, Publ. 
Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 18:1461.1938. 



197U Robinson & Brettell, Studies in the Llabeae 63 

LJabum lechleri Sch. Bip., Bonplandia 3:236. 1855. = 

Diplostephium lechleri (Sch. Bip.) Wedd., Chlor. And. 
1:204.1857. 

Literature Cited 

Bentham, G. 1873. Notes on the classification, history, and 
geographical distribution cf Compositae. Journ. Linn. Soc. 
Bot. 13:335-577, pi. 8-11. 

Cabrera, A.L. 1960. Notas sobre tipos de Compuestas Sudamericanas 
en herbarios europeos. Ill, los tipos de Ruiz y Pavon. 
Bol . Soc. Argentina Bot. 8:195-215. 

Hoffmann, 0. 1894. Compositae. i_n Engler and Prantl , Die 
Naturlichen Pflanzenfamil ien 4(5):87-391. 

Robinson, H. and R.D.Brettell 1973. Tribal revisions in the 
Asteraceae. III. A new tribe, Liabeae. Phytologia 
25:404-407. 

Robinson, H. and J. Cuatrecasas 1973. Synopsis of the genus 

Philoglossa (Liabeae, Asteraceae). Phytologia 26:381-388. 

Ruiz, H. and J. A. Pavon 1794. Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis 
Prodromus. Madrid. 

and 1798. Systema Vegetabilium Florae 

Peruvianae et Chilensis. Vol. 1. Madrid. 



ADDITIONS TO THE GENUS TAXIPHYLLUM 
(HYPNACEAE, MUSCI) 

Harold Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. 

The genus Taxi phyll urn has seemed rather lacking in charact- 
ers and has been subject to many mistreatments during bryological 
history. There has been confusion with other rather flattened 
ecostate forms such as PI agio thee ium and Isopterygium which are 
not really closely related. Attempts to fully distinguish the 
genus have usually involved the structure of the broad pseudo- 
paraphyllia around the lateral buds which are distinct from the 
types found in Isopterygium but which are not always present and 
are not distinct from the types in many other pleurocarpous 
mosses. The present concept of the genus is summarized well by 
Ireland (1969) for North America. The only more recent addition 
is Taxi phyl Ium andersonii (Bartr.) Crum. 

The species of Taxiphyllum are flattened with usually 
spreading lateral leaves and a vestigial double costa. In 
addition, most of the species have somewhat shortened apical 
cells and the leaf cells project on the upper ends abaxially. 
The alar cells provide a significant lack of differentiation. 
The combination of characters provides the impression of a 
rather distinctive genus with broader limits than generally 
recognized. Recently, specimens and descriptions have been 
noted that indicate the genus Taxiphyllum should be expanded to 
include an additional pair of species presently placed in the 
genus Pterigynandrum . 

Under Pterigynandrum filiforme Hedw. there is a variety 
mexicanum Th^r. and in the Eastern United States there is Pteri- 
gynandrum sharpii Crum & Anderson. The latter species, a renaming 
of the enigmatic Hylocomium splendens var. tenue Sharp, was 
placed in Pterigynandrum by Crum and Anderson (1967) with admitted 
reservations and at the same time the non Pterigynandrum nature of 
var. mexicanum was fully recognized. Both entities lack the fully 
developed quadrate alar cells of Pterigynandrum and they have more 
irregular cells on the apical margins. True Pterigynandrum has 
much more prominent almost bulbous papillae on the ends of its 
leaf cells, often on the lower ends as well as the upper, a 
feature not seen in either P^. sharpii or the variety mexicanum . 
The alar cell structure of Pter i gynandrum f i 1 i forme is basically 
different and agrees with peristome characters in relating the 
genus to the Entodontaceae. The variety mexicanum and P^. sharpii 
have no evident relationship to that family. 

A recent collection by Dana Griffin from South America has 
shown the same combination of characters noted above in the 

61i 



197U Robinson, Additions to Taxiph;)^lluin 6$ 

disparate element of Pterigynandrum . The slight differences of 
leaf shape, brevity of leaf tip and serrulation indicate only 
species, not generic differences. The Griffin specimen (718; 
VENEZUELA: MERIDA: Distrito Libertador: El Maciegal , cuenca de la 
quebrada "La Pedregosa," afluente del rio Chama. Bosque residual. 
Plantas sobre roca en lugar semi-soleado. 1980 m) is apparently a 
second collection of Taxiphyllum machrisianum Crum, originally 
described from Goi^s in central Brazil (1957). At the time of 
description Crum noted the primary anomalous feature of the 
species as a Taxiphyllum , the erect-spreading rather than very 
widely spreading leaves. 

The proper generic placement of the above species cannot be 
resolved without consideration of an additional genus, the one in 
which Taxiphyllum andersonii was originally described. The genus 
Glossadelphus has been broadly interpreted to include some small 
mosses of the general Taxiphyllum type. 

The genus Glossadelphus as established by Fleischer (1915- 
1922)consisted of two distinct groups of species. The first 
section, Colophyllum Fleisch., had species with leaf tips rounded 
to slightly emarginate and leaf cells when papillose often bear- 
ing papillae in series over the cell lumens. The apical cells 
are very irregular with both adaxial and abaxial projections. 
The papillose species of this group have much the appearance of 
Hypnella in the Hookeriaceae and have the same inclination toward 
counterpart species or phases differing in no way but presence or 
absence of papillae. The common papillose American species of 
Glossadelphus as well as at least one African species have 
actually been redescribed or described as Hypnella on the basis 
of non-fruiting specimens (Robinson 1965, 1 967) . The species 
of this section form the most distinctive element of Glossadel - 
phus and I propose that the common American species Hypnum 
truncatulum C.MUll. be recognized as the type of the genus. 

Also included in Glossadelphus by Fleischer was a second 
section Ana stigma (Card.) Fleisch., transferred from Taxithe! ium . 
All the forms resembling Taxiphyllum belong in this section. The 
species are rather like typical Glossadelphus in general aspect 
with similar size and similar erect-spreading rather blunt leaves. 
The details of the leaves, however, suggest a '^ery different 
element. Iwatsuki (1967) has pointed out that two species often 
placed in this group have a single very enlarged cell at the 
basal corner and belong in the genus Ectropothecium , £. zoll ingeri 
(C.Mtlll.) Jaeg. and £. obtusulum (Card.) Iwats. Material seen 
in this study under the name of another species of the group, 
Glossadelphus prostratus (Doz. & Molk.) Fleisch., lacks the large 
basal cell and is more like the American species, further 
examination of this and other Eastern Hemisphere species may 
confirm relationship to Taxiphyllum machrisianum . It is the 
present opinion that such material must be excluded from the 



66 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

genus Glossadelphus and that Crum was correct in the generic 
placement of his South American species. The American species I 
would place in this group of the genus Taxiphyllum include: 

Taxiphyllum machrisianum Crum, Contr. Sci . Los Angeles Mus. 18: 
5. 1957. 

]axi.£h)JJjjm^ me)^^ H.Robinson, comb. nov. Pterigynan - 

drum filiforme var. mexicanum Ther. , Rev. Bryol . n.ser. 
1: 9. 1928. 

Il2liE!ydJLy!!l lIliCRil. ('^'""'^ & Anderson) H.Robinson, comb. nov. 

Pterigynandrum sharpii Crum & Anderson, Bryologist 70: 99. 
1967. Hylocomium splendens var. tenue Sharp, Bryologist 
36: 21. 1933. 

Literature Cited 

Crum, H. 1957. Botany: Musci, The Machris Brazilian expedition. 
Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum 
18: 1-8. 

Crum, H. and L. E. Anderson 1967. The status of Hylocomium 
splendens var. tenue . The Bryologist 70: 98-101. 

Fleischer, M. 1915-1922. Die Musci der Flora von Buitenzorg 
zugleich Laubmoosflora vonJava mit Bertlcksichtigung aller 
Familien und Gattungen der gesamten Laubmooswelt. Vol. 
1-4. E.J. Brill, Leiden. 

Ireland, R. R. 1969. A taxonomic revision of the genus Plagio - 
thecium for North America north of Mexico. National 
Museum of Natural Sciences (Canada), Publications in 
Botany 1 : i-viii , 1-118. 

Iwatsuki, Z. 1967. Bryological miscellanies. XVIII. Journal 
of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 30: 105-112. 

Robinson, H. 1965. Notes on Oreoweisia and Hypnella from 
Latin America. The Bryologist 68: 331-334. 

1967. Preliminary studies on the bryophytes of 



Colombia. The Bryologist 70: 1-61 



STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXX. ADDITIONS 
TO THE GENUS KOANOPHYLLON IN PANAMA. 



R. M. King and H. Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D,C. 20560, 



The present paper provides some results of the 
study of the genus KpanophyLLon for the Flora of 
Panama. The studies have shown that three of the four 
species in the country require taxonomic changes or 
description. One species is raised from varietal rank 
where it has been associated with K. hypomalacum (B.L. 
Robinson) R.M.King & H.Robinson of Guatemala. The 
Guatemalan species differs by its distinctly puberulous 
leaves and by its short partly carnose bracts in the 
inflorescence. The two new species differ from their 
relatives by both having densely hirsute young stems 
and petioles. The two new species can be distinguished 
from each other by the shape of the involucral bracts 
and by the number of flowers in the heads. 

K£an£pltv^^llon wetmorei (B.L.Robinson) R.M.King & H. Rob- 
inson, coimB'^ nov. Eupator ium hypomalacum B.L.Rob- 
inson var. wetmorei B.L.Robinson, Contr. Gray 
Herb. n.s. 10^4: 17. 193^4, Panama. 



^^^SSIl°£^lXiJt£I} _H£S£Sl^S£i? R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

Plantae frutescentes vel subarborescentes usque 
ad 6 m altae pauce vel multo ramosae. Caules super- 
ficialiter parum carnosi dense evanescentiter hirsuti. 
Folia opposita saepe aliquantum incrassate petiolata, 
petiolis 1-3 cm longis ; laminae late vel anguste 
ellipticae papyraceae vel subcoriaceae plerumque 12- 
22 cm longae 5-9 cm latae base anguste cuneatae margine 
serratae vel serrulatae ad apicem anguste breviter 
acuminatae supra et subtus sparse pilosae vel subglabrae 
subtus sparse glandulo-punctatae , nervis secondariis 
pinnatis, nervulis dense reticulatis prominentibus . 
Inf lorescentiae pyramidales, ramis late paniculatis, 
pedicellis 2-5 mm longis laxe puberulis. Capitula 
5-6 mm alta; bracteae involucri ca. 20 subimbricate 
irregular iter inaequales 2-3-seriatae late ovatae vel 
lanceolatae 3-5-striatae ad apicem argute argute 
acutae , exteriores ca. 1,5 mm longae margine vix 
fimbriatae, inter iores usque ad ^4.0 mm longae deciduae. 
Flores plerumque 12-20; corollae albae ca. 3 mm longae, 

67 



63 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Lobis extus pauce glanduLif er is . Achaenia 2-3 mm longa 
plerumque in costis raulto breviter setifera raro pauce 
glanduLif era base distincte angustiora, carpopodiis 
parvis ; setae pappi ca. 25-30 dense contiguae incrass- 
atae ad apicem parum angustiores. Grana pollinis 
perbreviter spinosa. 



Type: PANAMA: Code: Vicinity of EL VaLLe de Anton, 
aLt. ca. 600 meters, September L7 , L939, P.H. ALLen 
L997 (HoLotype US I Isotype MOI). Paratypes PANAMA: 
C^cLe: EL VaLLe de Anton, D'Arcy & D'Arcy 6733 , 67^L 
(both MO); EL VaLLe, Dwyer L835 (MO); between PiLon 
and EL VaLLe de Anton, 700-900 meters, Duke & Dwyer 
L3953 (MO); CLub Compestre, ca. 700 meters, Duke L3257 
(FSUjMG). Panama: La Campana , Gerro Campana, Ebinger 
933 (MO); Gerro Gampana, Croat L2073, L2L59 (both MO); 
Gentry L826 , 5780 (both MO); Gerro Campana, ca. 3000 ft, 
Dwyer & Kirkbride 7858 (MO); Gerro Gampana, 2900 ft, 
McDanieL 6868 TfSU); Gerro Gampana, 2700-3000 ft, Duke 
86^3 (MO,US); SW facing sLopes of Mountains near the 
town of Ghica, R.M. King 5335 (US). 

Ko£noph^LJ^£n ^dukej^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp- nov. 
"'^ PTantae frutescentes usque ad 2 m ? aLtae pauce 
veL muLto ramosae. GauLes superf iciaLiter parum 
carnosi dense evanescent iter hirsuti. FoLia opposita 
aLiquantum anguste petioLata, petioLis L-2 cm Longis ; 
Laminae eLLipticae papyraceae 8-L6 cm Longae 3.3-6.3 
cm Latae base anguste cuneatae raargine argute serratae 
veL serruLatae ad apicem anguste breviter acuminatae 
supra et subtus pLerumque gLabrae subtus sparse gLand- 
uLo-punctatae , nervis subtus parum puberuLis, nervis 
secondariis pinnatis, nervuLis dense reticuLatis 
prominentibus . Inf Lorescentae pyramidaLes, ramis Late 
panicuLatis, pediceLLis L-2 mm Longis puberuLis. 
CapituLa 4-5 mm aLta; bracteae invoLucri ca. L5 sub- 
imbricatae inaequaLes 2-3-seriatae Late ovatae veL 
obLongae pLerumque 3-striatae ad apicem rotundatae veL 
obtuse acutae, exteriores ca. L.5 mm Longae margine 
breviter fimbriatae, interiores 2.5-3.0 mm Longae 
deciduae. FLores 8-LO; coroLLae virid-aLbae 2.0-2.5 
mm Longae pLerumque gLabrae, Lobis extus distincte 
gLanduLiferis . Achaenia L.3-2.3 mm Longa superne in 
costis pauce gLanduLifera veL setifera base angustiora, 
carpopodiis parvis prominentibus; setae pappi ca. 30 
dense contiquae incrassatus ad apicem parum angusti- 
ores. Grana poLLinis perbreviter spinosa. 



I97h King fk Robinson, Additions to KoanophyiLlon 69 

Type: PANAMA: Ghiriqui: Denuded premontane rain forest 
between PinoLa and Quebrad Seco on Ghiriquicito- 
Galdera Trail, April 21, L968, Kirkbride & Duke 1038 
(Holotype MO!). Paratype PANAMA: Ghiriqui: degraded 
premontane rainforest and Brysoninia savanna between 
Quebrada Seco nearer Galdera on Ghiriquicito-GaLdera 
trail, Kirkbride 8; Duke 1008 (MOI). 



The hoLotype speciiTien has invoLucral bracts reach- 
ing only about the Length of the mature achenes and 
has only a few glands on the ribs of the achenes. The 
paratype specimen has bracts reaching sometimes to the 
middle of the corolla and has setae on the ribs of the 
achene. Still, no taxonomic distinction seems just- 
ified at this time. 



Acknowledgement 

This study was supported in part by the National 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 A #1 and A #2 to the 
senior author. 



70 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 





Jnai* H. KirkbM*. Ir. t Jiniai A. Dub 



Koanophyllon dukei R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, Missouri Botanical Garden. Photos by 
Victor E. Krantz, Staff Photographer, National 
Museum of Natural History. 



197U King & Robinson, Additions to Koanophjllon 71 



tl ^ 




KoanophyLLon panamensis R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype, United States National Herbarium. 



72 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no, 1 




Enlargements of heads of Koanophyllon . 
K. dukei . Bottom; K. panamensis . 



Top; 



STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXXI 
ADDITIONS TO THE GENUS FLEISCHMANNIA . 



R. M. King and H. Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 

The genus FLeischmannia has received some Limited 
study in previous years but only in the Last few 
months has the taxonomic compLexity of the group be- 
come fuLLy apparent. The foLLowing new species, new 
combinations and new synonymy are provided here to be 
avaiLabLe for cytoLogicaL and fLoristic studies that 
are in progress. 

FLeischmannia £jJ:£nii R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

PTantae^erectae herbaceae veL suf f rutescentes 
usque ad L.5 m aLtae perennes pauce ramosae. CauLes 
virides veL fuLvi teretes Leniter exarti dense rubro- 
puberuLi. FoLia opposita anguste petioLata, petiolis 
L-5 cm Longis ; Lamina Late eLLiptica papyracea usque 
ad L5 cm Longa 9 cm Lata base cuneata veL anguste 
acuminata margine dupLicato-crenata ad apicem acuta 
veL vix acuminata supra sparse puberuLa subtus gLand- 
uLo-punctata , nervis pLerumque pinnatis. InfLores- 
centiae Late corymboso-panicuLatae , ramis dense 
corymbosis, pediceLLis 2-^ mm Longis dense puberuLis. 
CapituLa ca. 5 mm aLta; fLores 20-25; squamae invoLucri 
ca. 28-30 subimbricatae veL imbricatae 3-^-seriatae 
inaequiLongae pLerumque i|-costatae extus puberuLae 
exteriores breviter acutae margine Late scariosae 
interiores Lineari-obLongae ad apicem pLus scariosae 
obtuse veL minute apicuLatae ; coroLLae ca. 3 mm Longae 
LavenduLae extus muLto setiferae; fiLamenta antherarum 
in parte superiore ca. 250M' Longa; thecae 700-800 g, 
Longae, appendicibus ovatis ca. l^ Longioribus quam 
Latioribus; rami styLorum vix incrassati; achaenia 
nigra L mm Longa superne et in costis sparse setifera; 
setae pappi ca. 30 contiquae dense scabrae. Grana 
poLLinis L8-20|j, diam. breviter spinosa. 



Type: PANAMA: Chiriqui: vicinity of "New SwitzerLand" 
centraL vaLLey of Rio Chiriqui Vie jo, aLt. L800-2000 
meters, January 6-Li4, L939, P.H. ALLen L3A7 (HoLotype 
MO!). Paratypes PANAMA: Chiriqui: Bajo Mona , mouth 
of Quebrada Chiquero, aLong Rio CaLdera, L500-2000 
meters, Woodson et aL L0L3 (MO); forested hiLL N of 
Audobon Cabin, Croat L3652 (MO); vicinity Methodist 

73 



7li PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Camp near Nueva Swissa, Croat I35I6 (MO); ca. 2 mi W 
of Gerro Punta, ca. 1630 meters, McDaniel 10060 (FSU). 



Fleischmannia ca£iIH^ge^ (Benth. ex Oerst) R.M.King & 
H. Robinson, comb. nov. Eupatorium capillipes 
Benth. ex Oerst, Kjoeb Vidensk. Meddel. 79. L852, 
Eupatorium je junum Standley & Steyermark, Field 
Mus. Publ., Bot. 23: 183. 19^4^4. 
Fleischmannia microcephala T. Brandg. ined. 

Known distribution: El Salvador: Morazan: ca. 15 
km NE of San Miguel, ca. 200 meters, Tucker ^39 (US); 
vicinity of San Salvador, 650-850 meters, Standley 
19633 (US). Guatemala: Santa Rosa, Rinconcito, -4000 
ft?, Heyde & Lux ^206 (US). Mexico: Chiapas: 11 mi 
SE of Tapanatepec, 2300 ft., Breedlove & Raven 13713 
(NY); Sierra de Tonala, Purpus~6791 (US); Guerrero: 
Temisco, 320-600 meters, Mexia 8799 (US). Nicaragua: 
Re ale jo, Oerst 9569 (isotype USTTT 



Fleischmannia £hiru^£ueri£is R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 

novT" PTantae herbaceae vel subscandentes usque 
ad 3 m altae perennes pauce ramosae. Caules virides 
vel leniter rubescentes teretes minute striati leniter 
pilosi vel glabrescentes . Folia opposita anguste 
petiolata, petiolis 1.0-2.5 cm longis; lamina late 
ovata papyracea usque ad 6 cm longa 5 cm lata base 
late cordata valde trinervata raargine valde obtuse 
serrato-crenata ad apicem aliquantum abrupte breviter 
acuminata supra et subtus sparse pilosa subtus non 
glandulo-punctata . Inf lorescentiae late corymboso- 
paniculatae, ramis dense corymbosis, pedicellis 2-k mm 
longis dense puberulis. Capitula ca. 5 mm alta; f lores 
20-25; squamae involucri ca . 20 subimbr icatae ca. 3- 
seriatae inaequilongae plerumque bicostatae extus 
pilosae vel sparse puberulae plerumque breviter acutae 
margine late scariosae interiores linear i-oblongae ad 
apicem plus scariosae rotundatae vel minute apiculatae; 
corollae ca. 3.0-3.5 mm longae lavendulae, lobis extus 
multo breviter setiferis; filamenta antherarum in 
parte super iore ca. 250|j, longa; thecae ca. 1200 p, 
longae, appendicibus ovatis ca. 1 1/3 longioribus quam 
latioribus; rami stylorum ad apicem leniter clavati; 
achaenia nigra 1.2-1.3 mm longa, costis sparse scabris 
vel pauce breviter setiferis; seti pappi 27-30 contiq- 
uae scabrae. Grana pollinis 18-20p, diam. breviter 
spinosa . 



197U King i Robinson, Additions to Fleischnannla 75 

Type: PANAMA: Chiriqui: along Boquete Trail, Cerro 
Respinga, alt. ca. 2000-2500 meters. East of town of 
Cerro F*unta, September 11, 1972, Gentry 5928 (Holotype 
MOI). Paratypes PANAMA: Chiriqui: above Cerro Punta, 
6300 ft, D'Arcy 5372 (MO); slope of Cerro Respinga 
above town of Cerro Punta, 8^00 ft, D'Arcy & D'Arcy 
6 5^5 (MO). 

The new species is presently known only from the 
Cerro Punta area of Chiriqui Province. The species is 
most closely related to F. tysonii of Vulcan Chiriqui 
but also resembles superficially F. plectranthif olia 
Benth. of Costa Rica. The later species is readily 
distinguished by the more elongate usually non-cordate 
leaves having 5-7 veins prominently concentrated at 
the base. The inner phyllaries of the latter species 
are also much more pointed and the achene ribs some- 
times yellow. 



Flei^schm^nnia ciliolifera R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 

nov. EupaToriufrPciTioferum Standley & L.O.Williams, 
ined. Plantae erectae herbaceae usque ad 1 m altae 
perennes pauce ramosae. Caules fulvi teretes vix 
striati sparse minute puberuli. Folia opposita anguste 
petiolata, petiolis 0.5-3.5 cm longis ; lamina ovata 
papyracea usque ad 6 cm longa 3 cm lata base rotundata 
trinervata margine argute multo serrata ad apicem 
anguste leniter acuminata, superficiis glabris vel sub- 
glabris. Inf lorescentiae paniculatae, ramis dense 
corymbosis vel aliquantum suburabellatis , pedicellis 
1-3 mm longis puberulis. Capitula ca. 6 mm alta; 
flores 20-25; squamae involucri ca. 20-25 subimbricatae 
3-i4-seriatae inaequilongae bicostatae margine aliquantum 
late scariosae ad apicem plus scariosae breviter acutae 
vel rotundatae saepe apiculatae extus sparse minute 
puberulae vel glabrae; corollae 3.5-A.O mm longae 
lavendulae extus glabrae; filamenta antherarum in parte 
superiore ca. 350|j, longa; thecae ca. 1.1 mm longae, 
appendicibus oblongo-ovat is vix longioribus quara 
latioribus; rami stylorum angustati; achaenia nigra 
ca. 1.5 mm longa in costis setifera; carpopodia 
prominentia, cellulis subquadratis vel brevioribus; 
setae pappi ca. 30 vix contiguae regulariter scabrae. 
Grana pollinis ca. ISp, diam. breviter valde spinosa. 

Type: HONDURAS: Sta. Barbara: Forested ridge south 
side of Montana Sta. Barbara, alt. 2350 meters, April 
7, 1951, Allen, Armour, & Shable 613^ (Holotype GH!). 



76 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. 1 

The new species is a member of the group with 
totally dark achenes and is very distinct in the near- 
ly glabrous leaves and the Large size of the heads. 



Ji^iSSiifE£B3li£. .£IL2££i3- R-^-King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

PLantae erectae herbaceaeveL suf f rutescentes 
usque ad 1.5 m altae perennes. Caules obscuro-virides 
teretes vix striati infirme hirsuti. Folia opposita 
anguste longe petiolata, petiolis usque ad 5 cm longis ; 
lamina ovata papyracea usque ad 7 cm longa ^.5 cm lata 
base subtruncata trinervata margine multo crenato- 
serrata ad apicem breviter distincte acuminata supra 
sparse breviter pilosa subtus glandulo-punctata et 
plerumque in nervis longe pilosa. Inf lorescentiae 
late subplanate corymboso-paniculatae , pedicellis l-^ 
mm longis hirtellis. Gapitula ca . 6 mm alta; flores 
ca. 20; squamae involucri 20-25 eximbricatae ca. 3- 
seriatae inaequilongae bicostatae margine anguste 
scariosae ad apicem breviter acutae extus manifeste 
puberulae; corollae 3.5-^.0 mm longae lavendulae, 
lobis extus setiferis et pauce glandulif eris , setis 
subargutis; filamenta antherarum in parte superiore 
350-400ii, longa; thecae 800-900p, longae, appendicibus 
oblongo-ovatis ca . 250|j, longis 150p, latis; rami stylo- 
rum non incrassati; achaenia nigra ca, 1 mm longa 
subglabra in costis perpauce scabrida; carpopodia 
prominentia, cellulis subquadrat is ; setae pappi 25-30 
contiguae inf erne dense scabrae. Grana pollinis ca. 
I8-2O1J, diam. breviter spinosa. 



Type: PANAMA: Chiriqui: primary forest and adjacent 
cut over areas; vicinity of Las Nubes ; 2.7 mi NW of 
Rio Chiriqui Vie jo W of Cerro Punta; alt. 2200 meters, 
February 27, 1973, Croat 22A00 (Holotype MOI). 

The species is most distinct in the broadly 
corymbose-paniculate inflorescence and in the abrupt 
compact base of the involucre. 



513iSi§-£ilEl§jnii§ -S^I-SIlSi^nsi^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 

nov. Plantae erectae herbaceae usque ad 1 m 
altae perennes pauce ramosae. Caules plerumque 
pubescentes teretes minute striati dense puberuli vel 
pilosi. Folia opposita anguste petiolata, petiolis 
0.5-2.0 cm longis; lamina ovata papyracea usque ad ^ 
cm longa ca. 3 cm lata base plerumque breviter cuneata 
vel truncata valde trinervata margine crenata ad 
apicem anguste breviter acuminata supra sparse 



197U King t Robinson, Additions to Fleischnannia 77 

setifera subtus sparse hirsuta obscure veL prominente 
gLanduIo-punctata in nervis subtomentosa . Inf Lorescent- 
iae panicuLatae ramis dense gLomerato-corymbosis , 
pedicelLis l-^ mm longis dense puberulis. CapituLa 
ca. 5 mm alta; fLores ca. 20-25; squamae involucri ca. 
20 subimbricatae ca. 2-3-seriatae inaequiLongae 
bicostatae anguste ovatae vel Lineari- Lanceolatae 
anguste acutae vel apiculatae margine distincte scar- 
iosae extus sparse et distincte puberuLae ; corollae 
ca. 3 mm Longae lavendulae extus pLerumque in lobis 
setiferae; fiLamenta antherarum in parte superiore 
250-300ij, ionga; thecae ca. L mm Longa , appendicibus 
obLongo-ovatis ca. L l/3 Longioribus quam latioribus; 
rami stylorum angustati; achaenia nigra ca. 1.5 mm 
longa plerumque in costis setifera; carpopodia 
prominentia, cellulis breviter oblongis ; setae pappi 
27-30 contiguae dense scabrae. Grana pollinis ca. 18|j, 
diam. breviter spinosa. 

Type: COLOMBIA: El Valle: La Cumbre , alt. 1550-1700 
meters. May 7-10, 1922, Pennell 5019 (Holotype US!). 
Paratypes : COLOMBIA: Antioquia : Chigorodo; carretera 
a Turbo, alt. 100-200 meters, Garcia - Barri^a 17638 (US); 
Choco: Alto Guillermo, over Rio Arquia behind Sautata, 
Premontane Forest, el. ca. 1500', Duke 1539^ (FSU); El 
Valle: San Antonio, alt. 6800 ft, MiTTer & Miller 28(US), 

The species seems restricted to lower elevations 
in western Colombia. The species has sharply pointed 
involucral bracts and has been previously determined as 
F. pycnocephaloides (B.L.R.) K.& R. , but it is distinct 
'Sy the totally black achenes, the contiguous pappus 
setae and the very slender style braches. Of the assoc- 
iated Colombian species, F. magdalenensis (B.L.R.) K. & 
R. differs by glabrous rather succulent leaves, F. 
klattiana (Hieron. ) K.& R. differs by glabrous achenes 
and white flowers and F. pennellii (B.L.R.) K.& R. 
differs by blunt phyllaries and very broad styles. 



Fleischmannia J^aiJ^ihtii^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

"^"'PTantae^erectae herbacea usque ad 50 dm altae 
perennes multo ramosae. Caules fulvi teretes vix 
striati minute puberuli. Folia opposita anguste 
breviter petiolata, petiolis 2-3 mm longis; lamina 
anguste elliptica membranacea 1-2 cm longa 3-5 mm 
lata base anguste cuneata trinervata margine superne 
pauce serrulata ad apicem anguste acuta supra perpauce 
breviter pilosa subtus sparse puberula vel subglabra, 
nervis puberulis. Inf lorescentiae laxe cymosae, 
pedicellis 2-12 mm longis minute puberulis. Capitula 



78 PHYTOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. 1 

ca. 3.5 mm alta; flores ca. 20; squamae invoLucri ca. 
20 eximbricatae ca. 2-seriatae inaequilongae bicost- 
atae margine anguste scariosae ad apicem anguste 
acutae vel apiculatae extus ad medium pLerumque puber- 
ulae ; corollae ca. 1.5 mm longae lavendulae vel albae, 
Lobis extus breviter setiferis; filamenta antherarum 
in parte superiore 250|j, longa ; thecae ca. SOOjj, longae, 
appendicibus breviter obLongis crenuLatis vix longior- 
ibus quam latioribus; rami styLorum non incrassati; 
achaenia nigra ca . L.2 mm Longa glabra; carpopodia 
prominentia cellulis subquadratis ; setae pappi ca. 35- 
^0 vix contiguae ca. 1 mm longae inferne dense scabrae, 
Grana pollinis ca. ISp, diam. breviter spinosa. 

Type: COLOMBIA: Choco: Gupica, altitude about 100 m, 
February 10, 19^47, Haught 5560 (Holotype US'). 

The new species is from the same general area as 
F. misera (B.L.R.) K. & R. and has a very similar 
appearance with small narrowly elliptical leaves and 
very narrow sharply pointed involucral bracts. The 
new species is distinct by the leaves lacking gland- 
ular punctations, the pappus only half to two-thirds 
as long as the corolla and the glabrous achenes. 



Fleischmannia imitans (B.L.Robinson) R.M.King & H. Rob- 
inson, Phytologia 19: 203. 1970. Eupatorium 
rivulorum B.L.Robinson, Gontr. Gray Herb. n.s. 77 
3^4. L926. 



?Ji£3J^ilE§ilIli^ J2££H^IS^ ^•^•^i^g ^ H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

Plantae erectae vel subscandentes herbaceae 
perennes pauce ramosae. Gaules flexuosi subfulvi 
teretes vix striati sparse minute puberuli vel sub- 
glabri. Folia opposita peranguste petiolata, petiolis 
usque ad ^ cm longis ; lamina anguste ovata vel lanceo- 
lata membranacea usque ad 8 cm longa 3.7 cm lata base 
rotundata vel subtruncata trinervata margine multo 
serrulata ad apicem caudato-acuminata , superficiis 
glabris vel subglabris. Inf lorescentiae delicate panic- 
ulatae , ramis corymbosis, corymbis aliquantum densis 
pauce capitatis, pedicellis plerumque 2-3 mm longis 
subglabris. Gapitula ca. A mm alta; flores 10-12; 
squamae involucri ca. 15 subimbr icatae 2-3-seriatae , 
inaequilongae bicostatae glabrae margine distincte 
scariosae exteriores ovatae breviter acuta, interiores 
oblongae apice rotundatae vel apiculatae; corollae 
ca. 1.5 mm longae plerumque albae? extus glabrae; 



197U King 4: Robinson, Additions to Fleischnannia 79 

filamenta antherum in parte superiore ca. 200^ longa; 
thecae ca, 700-800^, longae , appendicibus quadrato- 
ovatis parum latioribus quam Longioribus; rami stylorum 
ad apicem parum cLavati; achaenia ca. L . 0- L . 3 mm Longa 
multo setifera in costis persistentiter flava; carpo- 
podia brevia, ceLIuIis quadratis veL brevioribus; setae 
pappi ca, 20 distincte parum non contiguae angustatae 
reguLariter minute scabrae. Grana poLlinis ca. 18^ 
diam. breviter spinosa. 

Type: MEXICO: Chiapas: Sta. Rita, Mapastepec, Enero 
L938, Matuda 20L9 (Holotype US I Isotype US!). 

The new species is distinct in the Lax habit and 
the smaLL number of fLowers and invoLucral bracts in 
the head. The Costa Rican F. vaLeriana (StandLey) 
K. & R. has aLso been described with ca. LO fLowers 
per head but the type specimens prove to be indisting- 
uishabLe from F, hymenophyLLa (KLatt) K. & R. which 
has ca. 20 fLowers per nead and gLanduLar punctations 
on the under surface of the Leaves. 



FLeischmannia jiTonagasjensi£ (BadiLLo) R.M.King & H.Rob- 
rnsorTi comB'^^ nov^ Eup a t or ium monagasense BadiLLo, 
BoL. Soc. Venez. Cienc. Nat. LO: 293. L9i46. 
VenezueLa. 



FLeischmannia jiix R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

Eupatorium nix StandLey & L.O.WiLLiams , ined. 
PLantae erectae veL decumbentes herbaceae usque ad L m 
aLtae perennes pauce ramosae. CauLes f Lavo-vir ides 
veL rubescentes teretes minute striati puberuLi veL 
piLosi. FoLia opposita anguste petioLata, petioLis 
0.5-L.O cm Longis ; Lamina ovata papyracea L.5-2.5 cm 
Longa L. 0-2.0 cm Lata base truncata vaLde trinervata 
margine muLto crenata apice argute acuta veL vix 
acuminata supra et subtus pLerumque dense hirsuta 
subtus gLanduLifera . Inf Lorescentiae Laxe panicuLatae, 
ramis remotis, corymbis aLiquantum densis pauci-capit- 
atis, pediceLLis L-3 mm Longis puberuLis, bracteis 
subinvoLucratis paucis. CapituLa ca. ^4 mm aLta; 
fLores ca. 20-25; squamae invoLucri ca. L8-20 sub- 
imbricatae 2-3-seriatae inaequiLongae bicostatae 
margine aLiquantum Late scariosae extus parce veL dense 
piLosae, exteriores ovatae apice anguste acutae veL 
aristatae; interiores anguste obLongae apice pLus 
scariosae vix veL distincte apicuLatae ; coroLLae 2.0- 
2.5 mm Longae pLerumque aLbae extus non setiferae. 



80 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

lobis extus pauce glandulif er is ; filamenta antherarura 
in parte superiore ca. 200p, Longa ; thecae ca. 600p, 
Longae , appendicibus obLongo-ovatis vix longioribus 
quam latioribus; rami stylorum ad apicem latiores; 
achaenia ca. 1.3-L.5 mm longa superne et in costis 
setifera in costis persistentiter flava; carpopodia 
prominentia, celLuIis quadratis veL brevioribus; setae 
pappi ca. 20-25 vix contiguae vel distincte non contig- 
uae per angustatae scabrae base scabriores. Grana 
poLLinis ca. 18^, diam. breviter spinosa. 

Type: HONDURAS: EL Paraiso: near Manzaragua, alt. 
lAOO meters, February 7, 1956, L.O. Williams & Molina 
19020 (Holotype USD. Paratypes : HONDURAS: El Paraiso: 
Guesta Galeras road to Guinope , lAOO meters, Molina 
25911 (US); Guinope, 1^*00 meters, Williams & Molina 
i-1515 (US); 5 km W of Guinope, near Manzaragua, Williams 
& Molina 23256 (US). Morazan: between Montana Uyuca 
and La Montanita, 1500 meters, Williams et al 23238 
(US). Comayagua : vicinity of Siguatepeque , Standley 
55892 , 56007 , 56531 (all US). 

The species seems endemic to Honduras and is 
superficially similar to many other species of the 
area some of which remain undescribed at this time. 
The new species has a lax habit similar to F. viscidipes 
(B.L.R.) K. & R. and F. multinervis (Benth.T K. & R. 
both of Guatemala. The former is clearly distinct in 
the totally dark achenes and the more scabrous more 
contiguous pappus setae. The more closely related 
F. multinervis is distinct by the leaves lacking glands 
Below, by the longer nearly glabrous pedicels and by 
the even thinner less scabrous bases on the pappus setae. 
The material of the new specie shows variation in the 
form of the glands on the leaves. The specimens from 
Siguatepeque have smaller distinctly stipitate glands 
while the glands on the other specimens are essentially 
sessile . 



Fleischmannia panamensis_ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 

nov^ Plantae erectae grosse herbaceae usque ad 
2 m altae perennes pauce ramosae. Caules plerumque 
fulvi teretes minute striati glabrescentes vel dense 
puberuli. Folia opposita anguste petiolata, petiolis 
1.0-3.5 cm longis ; lamina late rhomboidi-ovata papy- 
racea usque ad 8 cm longa 6.5 cm lata base late 
cuneata valde trinervata margine leniter vel valde 
crenata ad apicem late acuta supra sparse grosse seti- 
fera subtus glandulo-punctata in nervis puberula. 
Inf lorescentiae corymboso-paniculatae , ramis dense 



197U King h Robinson, Additions to Fleischmannia 81 

corymbosis, pediceLLis L-^ mm Longis puberulis. 
Capitula ca. 5 mm alta; f Lores ca. 15-20; squamae 
invoLucri ca. L8-20 subimbr icatae ca. 2-3-seriatae 
inaequiLongae bicostatae breviter acutae margine 
anguste scariosae extus glabrae veL minute sparse pub- 
eruLae interiores ad apicem plus scariosae plus rotund- 
atae vel mucronatae ; corollae ca. 3 mm Longae Lavend- 
uLae, lobis extus non setiferis; fiLamenta antherarum 
in parte superiore ca. SOOp, Longa ; thecae ca. 750 ij, 
Longae, appendicibus obLongo-ovatis ca. L L/3 Longi- 
oribus quam Latioribus; rami styLorum aLiquantum 
incrassati; achaenia nigra ca . L.5 mm Longa superne 
et in costis sparse setifera; seti pappi 20-22 vix 
contiguae scabrae. Grana poLLinis L8-20p, diam. breviter 
spinosa . 

Type: PANAMA: CocLe : in cLoud forest near La Mesa, 
February LL, L97L, Croat L335^ (HoLotype MOI). 
Paratypes: PANAMA: CocLe : La Mesa above EL VaLLe, 900 
meters, Liesner 7^9 (MO); Panama: Cerro Campana, ca. 
75 meters, Kennedy et a_L 2 063 (MO), Cerro Campana, 
Lazor 3322 (FSU.MO), Porter et aj. ^25^ (MO), Busey 859 
(MO); Cerro PiLon; 900-LL73 meters, Liesner 759 (MO). 

The pLants are very coarse Large Leaved herbs 
apparentLy endemic to CentraL Panama. The species 
most resembLes a Large F. microstemon , but is more 
cLoseLy reLated to the wideLy distributed F. pratensis . 
The new species is distinct by its narrow nearLy 
gLabrous outer invoLucraL bracts with onLy narrow 
scarious margines, by the coroLLa Lobes Lacking hairs 
and by the somewhat thicker styLe branches. 



Fleischmannia gurpu^ii R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
"'" PTantae^erectae herbaceae usque ad 50 dm aLtae 
perennes muLto ramosae. CauLes fuLvi teretes vix 
striati sparse minute puberuLi veL subgLabri. FoLia 
opposita peranguste petioLata, petioLis 0.5-2.2 cm 
Longis; Lamina anguste ovata veL LanceoLata membran- 
acea veL tenuiter papyracea 2.2-^.5 cm Longa 0.9-2.0 
cm Lata base breviter cuneata trinervata margine muLto 
serrata veL serruLata ad apicem anguste acuminata 
supra sparse piLosa subtus sparse puberuLa veL sub- 
gLabra, nervis piLosis. Inf Lorescentiae Laxe cymosae, 
pediceLLis 7-33 mm Longis sparse puberuLis. CapituLa 
ca. 5 mm aLta; fLores ca. 20; squamae invoLucri ca. 20 
subimbr icatae 2-3-seriatae inaequiLongae bicostatae 
margine anguste scariosae extus gLabrae, exteriores 
LanceoLatae argute acutae, interiores anguste obLongae 
breviter acutae; coroLLae ca. 2.5 mm Longae LavenduLae, 



82 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 1 

lobis extus pauce setiferis; filamenta antherum in 
parte superiore 250-300 p, longa ; thecae ca. 700p, longae , 
appendicibus subquadratis vix Latioribus quam longior- 
ibus ; rami stylorum aliquantura incrassati; achaenia 
ca. 1.5 mm longa superne et in costis dense breviter 
setifera in costis Late persistentiter fLava; carpo- 
podia prominentia, ceLLuIis subquadratis; setae pappi 
ca. 25 vix contiguae angustatae inferne dense scabrae. 
Grana pollinis ca. ISp, diam. breviter valde spinosa. 

Type: MEXICO: Veracruz: Zacuapan, August 1906, Pur pus 
1868 (HoLotype US J). 



The new species is one of many showing narrowly 
acute invoLucraL bracts with very narrow scarious 
margins and a Lax rather cymose inflorescence. Two 
related Mexican species, F. tr inervia (Sch.-Bip.) K. & 
R. and F. holwayana (B.L.R.) K. & R., differ by their 
very short acute rather than acuminate leaves. The 
latter species also differs by the presence of prom- 
inent glandular punctations on the lower surface. The 
new species is somewhat similar to F. imitans (B.L.R.) 
K. & R. of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicar- 
agua. This last species is distinct in the great 
number of flowers per head, 30-60, and has leaves and 
pedicels usually densely stipitate glandular. The new 
species seems particularly distinct in the usually wide 
and pubescent pale ribs of the achene. 



Fleischmannia _son£rae^ (A.Gray) R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
comF^ nov. Eupator ium sonorae A.Gray, PI. Wright 
2: m. 18531 Mexico, Arxzona. 

Fleischmannia ^ty£onii^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 

PTarvta^erectae suf f rutescentes usque ad 2 m altae 
perennes pauce ramosae. Caules virides vel fulvi 
teretes minute striati dense hirtelLi. Folia opposita 
anguste petiolata, petiolis 1.0-2.5 cm longis; lamina 
late ovata papyracea usque ad 9 cm Longa 7 cm lata 
base late rotundata vel cordata valde trinervata 
margine obtuse serrato-crenata vel duplicate serrato- 
crenata ad apicem acuta vel vix acuminata supra pilosa 
subtus dense pilosa non glandulo-punctata in nervis 
tomentosa. Inf lorescent iae late corymboso-paniculatae , 
ramis dense corymbosis, pedicellis 2-^ mm longis 
hirtellis. Capitula 5-6 mm alta; flores 20-25; squamae 
involucri ca. 20 subimbricatae ca. 3-^-seriatae 
inaequilongae bicostatae plerumque breviter acutae vel 



197U King & Robinaon, Additions to Fleiachmannia 83 

minute mucronatae margine Late saepe prominent iter 
scariosae extus pilosae veL puberulae interiores ad 
apicem plus rotundatae plus scariosae minute fimbriatae; 
coroILae ca. 3 mm Longae lavenduLae, Lobis extus pauce 
vel muLto breviter setiferis; fiLamenta antherarum in 
parte superiore ca. 250p, Longa ; thecae ca. 900^ longae, 
appendicibus oblongo-ovatis ca. L l/3 Longioribus quam 
latioribus; rami styLorum ad apicem leniter clavati; 
achaenia nigra 1.2-L.5 mm longa, costis dense setiferis; 
setae pappi 22-25 non contiguae dense scabrae. Grana 
polLinis L8-20 diam. breviter spinosa. 



Type: PANAMA: Chiriqui: West slope of EL Baru between 
8000-9000 ft elevation, March 27, 1970, Tyson & Loft in 

6116 (Holotype US I ) . Paratypes : PANAMA: Chiriqui: W 
slopes of El Baru between 8000-9000 ft, Tyson & Loftin 

6117 (FSU.MG); W slope of El Baru between 7000-8000 ft, 
Ty^n & Loftin 5982 (FSU); 8 mi NE of El Volcan, 8100- 
8l»00 ft, Tyson M3~(FSU,M0) . 



The new species is apparently endemic to the 
Volcan Chiriqui. Closest relationship is to F. 
chiriquensis from the nearby Cerro Punta area. The 
present species is distinct by the shrubby rather than 
subscandent habit, by the densely pubescent leaves, 
by the non- contiguous pappus setae and by the prominent- 
ly setiferous ribs of the achene. 



Acknowledgement 

This study was supported in part by the National 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 A #1 and A #2 to the 
senior author. 



8U 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




Fleischmannia allenii R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, Missouri Botanical Garden. 



197U 



King 4 Robiason, Additions to Fleiachnannia 



85 




PIANTB 0* »*MAUA 



Holoi- vn^ M^ ^ g^^^^q^^nsis R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, Missouri botanical Garden. Photos by 
victor E Krantz, Staff Photographer, National 
Museum of Natural History. 



86 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




HONDURAS 



FLeischmannia ciliolifera R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype, Gray Herbarium. 



19 7U 



King & Robinson, Additions to Fleischaiannia 



87 







Fleischmannia croatii R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, Missouri Botanical Garden. 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 




FLeischmannia granatensis R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, United States National Herbarium. 



19 7h 



King Sc Robinson, Additions to Fleiachmannia 



89 




FLeischmannia haughtii R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype, United States National Herbarium, 



90 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol, 28, no. 1 




Enlargements of heads of Fie ischmannia . Top left; 
F. allenli . Top right; F. chiriquensis , Middle left; 
^. ciliolifera . Middle right; F. croatii . Bottom left; 
F. granatensis . Bottom right; F. haughtii . 



197U 



King & Robinson, Additions to Fleischmannia 



91 




FL>i>K A MKXICA N A 
MjiuiIj Hrrtianum 



•V^"^.', 



Fleischmannia matudae R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
HoLotype United States National Herbarium. 



92 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 





HONDURAS 



Fleischmannia nix R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype, United States National Herbarium. 



197li King & Robinson, Additions to Fleischnannia 93 




Fleischmannia panamensis R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype , Missouri Botanical Garden. 



9U 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol, 28, no. 1 




n...,L .'(.t.^ 



Fleischmannia pur pus ii R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype, United States National Herbarium, 



197k 



King & Robinaon, Additions to Fleiachmannia 



95 




2SS67S6 j^ 



FLeischmannia tysonil R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
Holotype , United States National Herbarium. 



96 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 





Enlargements of heads of FLeischmannia . Top 
Left; F. matudae. Top right; F. nix . Middle left; 
F. panamensis . Middle right; F, purpusii . Bottom 
Teft; F. tysonii . 



STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXXII. 

A NEW GENUS, SARTORINA. 



R. M, King and H, Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. 



In the years sirce the revision in the genus 
concept of Fleischmannia that genus has seemed to hold 
a rather isolated position in the tribe Eupatorieae. 
The cellular structure of the corolla and the very 
narrow very annulated collars of the anthers have 
always seemed completely unique even though some other 
characters have tended to imply a simple Gyptoid 
relationship for the genus. Now, material of a related 
previously undescribed genus having both the corolla 
and collar features of Fleischmannia shows other very 
distinctive features that seem to confirm the isolated 
position of both genera. 

The material of the new genus is from the part 
of the Schultz-Bipontinus Herbarium in the Paris Museum 
and had already been named as an undescribed genus and 
species Sartoria eupatorioides by Schultz. The Schultz 
genus was never published, and in any case the name 
Sartoria was already preoccupied by a genus in the 
Leguminosae from the Middle East. The Paris material 
is obviously a duplicate specimen with part of an 
inflorescence and one lower leaf from an original that 
must have been destroyed at Berlin. The Paris duplicate 
is labelled from the Herb. E. Cosson, 18 and bears 
many notes that must have represented Schultz 's 
observations including one of the most distinctive 
features of the genus :"nov. Eupat. genus ob ach & 
pappus connata" " Sartoria n. g. , ach. teretia (non 
striate) oblonga glabra albida apice in cupulam brevem 
spongiosam expansa e qua pappas oritur 1 ser pilosa" 
"cap. 22 flora, rec. plana." A date is given "ll/S/SA" 
and a figure "23" which may refer to the height of 
the plant. The writing may be misinterpreted in a 
few parts. 

One of the primary distinctions of the genus as 
noted by Schultz is the terete achene with a spongiose 
upper callus. Actually the achene is very different 
from that of Fleischmannia in many features including 
its small size"^ its more tapering base with poorly 
differentiated carpopodium, and its walls consisting 
almost entirely of enlarged thin-walled hyalin cells 
with only narrow vascular strands and no angles. The 

91 



98 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no, 1 

other distinctive features not seen by SchuLtz involve 
the style. The base of the style is enlarged in the 
one fully mature style examined, unlike any species of 
Fleischmannia . The shafts of all styles seen are 
unique among the Asteraceae by bearing scattered non- 
glandular hairs and long-stalked glands. The stylar 
appendage of the new genus has papillae smaller and 
not crowded together as in most species of Fleischmannia , 

Unfortunately, among all the notes on the Paris 
specimen there is none giving any collection data even 
the country of origin. The relationship of the plant 
does not allow one to pinpoint the locality closer than 
Tropical America. The only probable clue on the 
specimen to the place of origin seems to be the name 
given to the plant by Schultz. It seems likely that 
" Sartoria " was intended to honor Carlos Sartorius 
l/yb-l872 who lived at Mirador in Veracruz, Mexico 
for most of his life following 1820. Hopefully the 
new genus can be rediscovered and further analysed. 

Sartorina schultzii R.M.King & H.Robinson, gen. 
et sp. nov. Asteracearum (Eupatorieae ) . Plantae erectae 
vel procumbentes herbaceae ca. I m ? altae. Caules 
fulvi tereti vel subquadrangulares dense minute puber- 
uli. Folia opposita anguste longe petiolata, 
petiolis 5-20 mm longis ; lamina late ovata vel deltoidea 
base truncata distincte trinervata ad apicem breviter 
acuta margine crenulata vel obtuse-serrulata supra 
dense minute puberula subtus breviter dense pilosa 
subcanescens , lamina inferiora ca. 3 cm longa et lata, 
lamina superiora 1-2 cm longa 0.7-1.5 cm lata. Inf lores- 
centia subpaniculata , ramis subcorymbosis , pedicellis 
angustis 2-12 mm longis dense minute puberulis. Capit- 
ula ca. 3.0-3.5 mm alta; flores ca. 15-22; squamae 
involucri ca. 20 subimbricatae ca. 3-seriatae inaequi- 
longae bicostatae margine late scariosae, exteriores 
ovatae ca. I mm longae ad apicem breviter acutae extus 
puberulae, interiores oblongae usque ad 2.5 mm longae 
ad apicem rotundatae vel breviter apiculatae extus 
subglabrae; receptacula plana glabra; corollae anguste 
infundibulares ca. 2.5 mm longae inf erne glabrae, lobis 
extus glanduliferis extus et intus papillosis, papillis 
in partibus super ioribus cellularum, cellulis plerumque 
elongatis, parietibus sinuosis; filamenta in parte 
superiore ca. 200|j, longa perangustata , cellulis elong- 
atis, parietibus valde transverse annulatis ; cellulae 
exotheciales subquadratae ; appendices antherarum 
breviter oblongae ca. I50|j, longae ca. llOp, latae ; styli 
inferne subnodulosi glabri, scapis sparse piliferis et 
glanduliferis, ramis sublinear ibus superne minute 
papillosis subclavatis complanatus; achaenia ca. I mm 



197U King & Robinson, Genus Sartorlna 99 

Longa teretia glabra, ceLLuLis exterioribus Laxis, 
parietibus tenuibus ; carpopodia indistincta; pappus 
setiferus uniseriatus, setis ca. 15 non veL fere 
contiguis tenuis ca. 2 ram Longis scabrelLis, celLuLis 
apicibus argute acutis. Grana pollinis ca. LSp, diam. 
breviter spinosa. 



Type: MEXICO? Sartorius ? ex herbarium Schultz-Bipont- 
inus under the name Sartor ia eupator ioides (HoLotype 
PI). 



Acknowledgement 

This study was supported in part by the National 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 A #1 and A #2 to the 
senior author. 



100 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 1 







Sartorina s chultzii R.M.King & H. Robinson, _ 
HoLot ype and e nlargements of heads, Pans Herbarxum. 
Photos by Victor E. Krantz, Staff Photographer, 
National Museum of Natural History. 



NOTES ON NEW AND NDTEWORTHY PUNTS - LXVI 
Haroid N. Moldenke 



DUHANTA SERRATIFOLIA var. VARIEGATA Koldenke, var. nov. 

Haac vaurietas a forma -typica specie! laaiinis foliorura margini- 
bus albo-maculatis vel albo-vittatls recedit. 

This vauriety differs from the typical form of the species in 
having its leaf -blades white-aarginad or irregularly white- 
blotched. 

The type of the variety was collected by Mohamed El Kahdi (no, 
62) in outdoor cultivation in the Barrage Medicinal Garden north 
of Cairo, Egypt, on January 22, 1968, and is deposited in the 
herbarium of Cairo University at Gizah. 

ERIOCAULON COLLINUK var. NANUM Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica speciei recedit planta nauia, pedun- 
culis floriferis 2 — 12 cm. longis, foliis tenuissimia membranceis 
levisslmis 1 — k cm. longis saepe ad apicen subflaccidis subfili- 
formibusque 0.^ — 1.5 nan, latis ad basin perapicue fenestratis 
glabris . 

The type of this variety was collected by J, M. Silva on a 
river bank on the Horton Plains, Nuwara Eliya District, Central 
Province, Sri Lanka, on March 20, 1911, and is deposited in the 
herbarium of the Sri Lanka Botanical Garden at Peradenlya. 

ERIOCAULON QUINQUANGULARE f . VIVIPARUM Moldenke, f . nov. 

Haec forma a forma typica specie! capitulis saepe viviparis 
recedit. 

This form differs from the typical form of the species in 
having its flowering-heads more or less viviparous . 

The type of the form was collected by Henry Trimen at Henerat- 
goda, Colombo District, Vifestem Province, Sri Lanka, in May of 
1396 and is deposited in the herbarium of the Sri Lsinlca Botanical 
Garden at Peradeniya. 

ERIOCAULON SETACEUM var. CAPILLUS-NAIADIS (Hook, f.) Moldenke, 
stat, nov. 
Eriocaulon capillus-naiadis Hook, f,, Fl, Brit, Ind. 6: 572 & 
769. 1893. 

PREMNA ALSTONI Moldenke, nom. nov. 

" Premna corymbosa Rottl," apud Trimen, Handb, Fl. Ceylon 351* 
1395 (not P^ corymbosa Rottl. & Willd., Gesel. Naturforsch, 
Freund. Neue Schr. U: 187—188. I803) . 

PREMNA RESINDSA f. GROSSEDENTATA Moldenke, f , nov, 

Haec forma a forma typica speciei laminis foliorum marginibus 
grosse dentatis recedit, 

101 



102 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

This form differs fron the typical form of the species in 
having the margins of its leaf -blades coarsely dentate. 

The type of the form was collected by M. Kassas somewhere in 
the Sudan on January 10, 1956, and is deposited in the herbarium 
of Cairo University at Gizah. 

PREMM TBVAITESII f . GLABRESCENS Moldenke, f . nov. 

Haec forma a forma -typica speciei laminis foliorum utrinque 
glaberirimis recedit. 

This form differs from the typical foim of the species in hav- 
ing its leaf-blades completely glabrous on both surfaces . 

The type of the form was collected in September of 1893 by an 
unknown collector at Eluwana Kande, Lagalla, Matale District, 
Central Province, Sri Lanka, and is deposited in the herbarium of 
the Sri Lanka Botanical Garden at Peradeniya. 

STACHYTARPHETA DICHOTOMA f . ALBIFLORA (Moldenke) Moldenke, comb, 
nov, 
Stactytarpheta aua trails f . albiflora Moldenke, Phytologia 35 

63. 19ii9. 

STACHTTARPHETA DICHOTOMA var. NBOCALEDONICA (Moldenke) Moldenke, 
comb. nov. 
Stachytarpheta austraJds var. neocaledonica Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 3: 117. 19li9. 



BOOK REVIEWS 
Alma L. Moldenke 



"A DICTIONARY OF FLOTSERING PLANTS AND FERNS" by J. C. Willis, 
Eighth Edition, revised by H. K. Aiiy Shaw, xxii & 12li^ & 
Ixvi pp. Cambridge University Press, London NiVl 2DB & New 
York, N. Y. 10022. 1973. $32.50. 

Taxoncmic and systematic botaiiists the world over have appre- 
ciated this tremendously valuable book since 1897 when the first 
edition appeared. They will be glad that this even more detailed 
work is now available since it includes new taxa, newly resurrec- 
ted taxa, a key to angiospem families and a concordance of 
family equivalents as taken frcan (1) this new-flavored "Diction- 
ary", (2) the twelfth edition of Engler's "Syllabus" by Melchior 
and (3) the "Genera Plantarum" of Bentham & Hooker. Now if only 
the many highly competent other type botanists and biologists to 
whom plants or plant names are only incidental to their main 
studies would use this and other pertinent taxonomic literature, 
much nomenclatural confusion could be avoidedl 

One would not expect that reading a book like this could evoke 



I97I4 Moldenke, Book reviefirs 103 

an automatic smile, but for an example see " Actinotinus Oliv. 
Imaginary genus, founded through the trick of a native Chinese 
collector who had carefully inserted an infl. of Viburnum into 
the terminal bud of an Aescvilusl" 



"ELECTRON KICROSCOPY OF ENZYlffiS: Principles and l^ethodfl" Volume I 
edited by K. A. Haj'-at, xv & 20U pp., illus., Van Noetrand 
Reinhold Company, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne, 
and New York, N. Y. 10001. 1973. $16.95- 

"The primary ob;)ective of this book is to provide the reader 
with a detailed description of tne methodology emploj'ed to local- 
ize enzymatic activity at the subcellular level.... 

"The topics were carefully selected and written by competent 
investigators from several countries who have pioneered in their 
respective fields and are likely to be in the vanguard of im- 
provements to come .... 

"The reader should find this book an excellent reference, for 
it summarizes the major procedures which have evolved within the 
past two decades. An exhaustive list of references with complete 
titles is provided for each chapter, as are full author and sub- 
ject indices." 

These claims in the Preface are all true and therefore this 
volume should prove usef\il to many scientists and students in 
electron microscopy, enzymology, and those biological and medical 
fields dependent upon this type of study. The chapters include 
specimen preparation with enqjhasis on fixation with aldehydes, 
phosphatases, glyco- and glucosidases, transaminases, myrosinase 
associated with the characteristic taste and odor in cruciferous 
plants and enzyme immunocytochemistry employing the specificity 
of antibodies for the detection of cell components bearing 
antigenic determinants. 



"PRINCTPLES OF DISPERSAL IN HIGHER PLANTS" Second edition by 
Leendert van der Fiji, xi & 162 pp., illus., Springer- 
Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, and New York, N. Y. 10010. 
1972. $12.60. 

Those assorted botanists, biologists, ecologists, etc., famil- 
iar with the 1969 edition of this wonderfiil little book will be 
eager to see what has been added or changed in this new edition 
which also makes fascinating reading supplemented with excellent 
and unusual illustrations. 

The best use of this book and its earlier companion volume on 
"Principles of Pollination Ecology" by K. Faegri and this author 
is putting them in the hands (really the minds) of those who 
teach the various introductorj' courses . These two books offer 
fascinating and easily comprehensible material and ideas: they 
are too good to reserve for only advanced students. 

Unfortunately, the accepted spellings for the generic names 



lOU PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Clerodendrum and Petrea are not herein used. The words "man" and 
"is" are misspelled on pages xi and 97 respectively. 



"CHROMOSOME BOTANY -- and the Origins of Cultivated Plants", Third 
(Revised) Edition by C. D. Darlington, xvii & 237 pp., il- 
lus., Hafner Press, New York, N. Y. 10022. 1973. $12.95. 

The previous editions of 19$6 and I963, and even more so this 
one, effectively stress "that civilization has always been the 
work of men who grew grain crops and lived on them. Since we 
also know (partly by their chromosomes) what wild erains they 
first grew we also know where to find the origins and how to 
trace the movanents of civilization." Then this well qualified 
author traces the genetic stories of our major agricultural and 
horticultural crops, but this follows a very careftil treatment of 
the major chrcanosomal and intrachromosoiial processes and aberra- 
tions and their effects upon dividing and fusing cells. "The 
breakage of a chromosome is often the first visible step in the 
breakage of a species." 

The bibliography is arranged by chapter topics and has had 
pertinent new items added to it. Appendix I lists the earliest 
use in English of names for cultivated plants. Appendix II by 
E. B. Ford considers similar evolutionary processes in animals. 
There is a helpful modem table listing the "regions of origin 
of crop plants (after Vavilov, revised in the light of work by 
Baker, Barrau, Burkill, Collins, Helbaek, Hutchinson. Kuptsov, 
Rick, Salaman, Simmonds, flhi taker, Zohary and others)". 

So many valuable facts and their interpretations are presented 
effectively in this small, yet very useful, book that no genetics 
course should bypass it. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THE GENUS VERBENA . XLl 
Harold N, Moldenke 



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frontisp. 1930; Grieve 5c Leyel, Modem Herb., pr. 1, 2: U86, 83O— 
832, & 887. I93I; Vansell, Univ. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 517, 
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197li Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 105 

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106 PHYTOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. 1 

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Bot. Forest. Afr. Trop. 2 (B): 360. 1972; Mazzeo, Gastanea 37: 
176. 1972; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 5U: 119U, 1725, & 1729. 1972; 
Moidenke, Phytologla 2U: 216—257, 509, 511, & 512. 1972; Muir, 
Muelleria 2: 178. 1972; Nettleton 4 al.. Detect. Potent. Antitumor 
Agents [mss.]. 1972; Palmer & Pitman, Trees South. Afr. 3: 19U9, 
1951, 1953, 1955, 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1973, & 1975. 
1972; G. W. Park, Parks Flow. Book 1973: 86. 1972; P. R. Pearson, 
Morria Arb. Bull. 23: Ui. 1972; F. Perry, Fls. World 303 & 320. 
1972; A. Porter, Afr. Rjqjer. 56. 1972; E. H. Roberts, Viability 
of Seeds 308. 1972; Rogerson, Rickett, & Becker, Bull. Torrey 



108 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

Bot. Club 99'. 156 & 157. 1972j Rouleau, Taxon Index Vols. 1-20, 
part 1: 161 & 378—379. 1972; Rzedowski & McVaugh, Anal. Esc. 
Nac. Cienc. Biol. 19: 35 & Ul. 1972; Scharrer in J, H. Zimmerm., 
Proc. Second Midwest Prairie Conf , 10. 1972; Skinner, Ornament. 
PI. Coastal Northw. 75. 1972; "S. K. J.", Biol. Abstr. 5Us 2319. 
1972; Stafleu, Intemat. Code Bot. Nom. 73 & U25. 1972; Stalter, 
Castanea 37: 225 & 300. 1972; R. R. Stewart in Nasir & Ali, Fl. 
West Pakist. 607 & 608. 1972; Thanikaimoni, Inst. FranQ. Pond. 
Trav, Sect. Scient. & Techn. 12 (1): lOU, 2li9, & 335. 1972; 
Trease k Evans, Pharmacog., ed. 10, 56ii. 1972; Tutin in Tut in & 
al., Fl. Eur. 3: 122 & 369. 1972; Urbachat, latteil. Arbeitsge- 
meinsch. Florist. Sc hie sw. -Hoist. 20: 135 & 250, map 2372. 1972j 
Venter, Joum. S. Afr. Bot. 38: 231. 1972; »/SLLlace & Romney, 
Radioecol. & Ecophys. Desert PI. vi. 1972; R. J. Weaver, PI. 
Growth Subst. Agr. I36. 1972; W. A. Weber, Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 2, 
305—306 Sc U37. 1972; Whipple, Joum. Elisha Mitch. Sci, Soc. 88: 
[1], 7, & 9. 1972; Wilkinson & Jaques, How Know Weeds, ed. 2, 
123— 12U, 207, & 231, fig. 295—300. 1972; Anon., Hort. Bot. Univ. 
Monaster. Ind. Sem. 1972/73: 709 & 710. 1973; Anon., Biol. Abatr. 
55 (5): BJl,S.I.C. S.267 (1973), 55 (9): BA.S.I.C. 8.272 (1973), 
55 (10): B.A.S.I.G. S.27O (1973), 56 (2): BJi..S.I.C. S.280 (1973), 
and 56 (3): BA.S.I.C. S.280. 1973; D. E. Clark, Color in Your 
Gard., ed. 2, 13, U5, & 52. 1973; Cody, Ind. Sem. 1973: 26. 1973; 
Davidson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 100: 50. 1973; Famsworth, Phar- 
macog. Titles 6, Cum. Gen. Ind. [121] (1973), 8 (6): x & U79 
(1973), and 8 (8): xxiii. 1973; Halse, Fl. Canyon de Chelly lli7 
[typescr,] . 1973; Howitt & Howell, Suppl. Vase. PI. Monterey Co. 
23 & 60. 1973; Jacobsen, Kirkia 9: 172. 1973; Krai, Rhodora 75: 
iiOO. 1973; K. Larsen, Kormof . Tax. 165 & 223. 1973; "L. E.", 
Biol. Abstr. 55: 2879. 1973; Lommasson, Nebr. Wild Fls. 85, 86, & 
l8ii, pi. I7U. 1973; L6pez-Palacios, Revist. Fac. Farm. Univ. Los 
Andes 9 (13): 56. 1973; Matthiessen, Audubon 75 (5): 27. 1973; L. 
P. Mill., Phytochem. 1: 329, 362, 393, & laO. 1973; Moldenl<e, 
Biol. Abstr. 55: 1287 (1973) and 56: 653 k 12U6. 1973; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 25: 225, 226, 228, 230— 23U, 2U0, 2l4li, 368, 507, & 
511 (1973) and 26: li09, 50li, & 512. 1973; A. L. Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 25: 167. 1973: Moldenke in Woodson, Schery, & al., Ann. Mo. 
Bot. Gard. 6O: li2— U7, 62, 63, 70, 7U, 77, & m3, fig. 1. 1973; 
H. T. & R. T. Northen, Greenhouse Gard., ed. 2, 362. 1973; Peter- 
son, Ariz. Highw. U9 (5): U8 . 1973; Ralph, Checklist Vase. PI. 
Coast. PI. Coram. 29. 1973; Rimpler & Schafer. Tetrahed. Let. 17: 
IU63— 1U61^. 1973; Stacey, Ariz. Highw. U9 (3): 7. 1973; W. Stone, 
PI. South. N. J., pr. 2, 660—661 & 827. 1973; Takematsu, Konnai, 
& Takeuchi, Bull. Coll. A.gr. Utsun. Univ. 8 (3): I6U. 1973; Mol- 
denke, Phytologia 27: 50U, 508, & 512. 197U. 

It is perhaps worth mentioning here that the Chodat & Hassler 
(I90I;) reference in the above bibliography is sometimes errone- 
ously cited as "Plantae Hasslerianae IX, 1;77"; the Benke (1933) 
reference is sometimes cited as "Rhodora 10. 19U3" or "3U: U5"; 
and the Pase & Johnson (I968) reference has been cited previously 
inaccurately as "U, S. Dept. Agr. Forest Serv." In regard to the 
J. C. & M. Vfillis (1911) publication, M. Vfillis is mentioned as 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 109 

co-author on the cover of the work but not on its tltle-pagel 

Alcock (1876) credits the name. Verbena , to Pliny and says 
"Speaking of 'Sagmen' and 'Verbena' Pliny says: 'These two names 
no doubt originally signified the same thing — a greon txirf torn 
up from the citadel, with the earth attached to it, and hence, 
when envoys were despatched to the enoiny for the purpose of clar- 
igation, or, in other words, with the object of clearly demanding 
restitution of property that had been carried off, one of these 
officers was always known as the ' verbenarius ' , — or bearer of 
the verbena. The etymology of the name is dubious. It has been 
said to be dei*ived from Keltic ferfaen , having the sane signifi- 
cance as Saxifrsiga The word verbenae (L.) signified general- 
ly sacred boughs, or branches of trees that were used in religi- 
ous ceremonials; hence it has been suggested that it is a corrup- 
tion of two G, words, hiera botane , or sacred plant." 

Vansell (1931) reports the name "valley vervena" for species 
of Phacelia in California — obviously a tj'pographic error for 
"valley verbena". Glbert (1873) cites Gibert hhS , Ui3 , U5l, U$2 , 
& 979 as unidentified species of Verbena , but, of course, his 
concept of Verbena included Aloysia, Phyla , and perhaps other 
genera now recognized as distinct. The J. P. Simon U77, dis- 
tributed as Verbena sp., is actually Diostea scoparia (Gill. & 
Hook.) Kiers. 

It is worth noting that Raeuschel (1797) divides the genus 
Verbena into two sections: (1) Diandrae (including what we now 
recognize as Bouchea, Stachytarpheta , and Phyla stoechadifolia ) 
and (2) Tetrandrae (including Phyla nodiflora , Priva adhaerens , 
Aloysia , Lippia alba, and true Verbena spp , ) . 

Fell (1955) reports of the verbenas of V/^innebago Coimty, Ill- 
inois: "Variations in individuals and extensive hybridization 
among our 5 native verbenas produce such a mingling of characters 
that picking out the parents is difficult and at times quite im- 
possible. Dr. I'oldenke has named some of these hybrids in 
his account of the genus in the New Illustrated Britton and 
Brown and he has revised some of our specimens . I^brids are much 
more cccmon in some pastures than in others where the opportunity 
of crossing seems as great. The prairies about Camp Grant and 
pasttLres in Kishwaukee River bottm near Perryville road bridge 
and on River Road south of Cherry Valley are especially prolific. 
The most common crosses are x rhydbergii and x moechina ." 

Additional excluded species: 
Verbena undulata Reitz, Sellowia 13: 67. 196lj Reitz, Sellowia 
22: lli5. 1970 = Lantana undulata Schrank. 

The L_. F. Ward s.n. [Washington, May 18, 1886], distributed 
as a species of Verbena , is actually a species of Veronica in 
the Scrophulariaceae . 

VERBENA ABRAMSI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 53: 637li (1972) 



no PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. 1 

and 5U: 1729. 1972; Moldenke, Ph^ytologia 2li: 216 (1972) and 2^: 
23U. 1973; Anon., Biol. Abstr. 55 (10): B.A.S.I.G. S.270. 1973; 
Howitt & Howell, Suppl. Vase. PI. Monterey Co, 28. 1973. 

Additional citations: CALIFORNIA: Riverside Co.: M. Hall a.n. 
[May 18, 19iiO] (Ba) . 

xVERBENA ADULTERINA Hausakn. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 213. 1972. 

VERBENA AUTA Sweet 

Additional & emended bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 
1, 328 (18U0) and ed. 2, 328. I81i9} Reitz, Sellowia 22: lii5. 1970; 
Angely, Fl. Anal. L Fitogeogr. S, Paulo, ed. 1, U: 838 & xix. 
1971; Anon., Biol. Abstr. Sh (7): BJL.S.I.C. S.280. 1972; Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 23: 258 & I436. 1972. 

According to Paxton (iSliO) this species was introduced into 
cultivation in England in 1828. 

The Lindeaan & Haas 3010 , distributed as V. alata , is more 
probably V. montevidensis Spreng., even though it is referred to 
on the label as a "shrub 1.2 m. tall, almost leafless". 

VERBENA ALATA f . ALBA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 213. 1972. 

VERBENA AMBROSIFOLIA Rydb. 

Additional & emended bibliography: I^db., Fl. Prairies & 
Plains, pr. 1, 677, 673, & 967. 1932; Fedde <Sc Schust. in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber. 60 (2): 575. 19Ul; Waterfall, Rhodora 51: 27. 
19ii9; Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 
[typescr.]. 1951; W. A. Weber, Handb. PI. Colo. Front Range, ed. 
1, 156 (1953) and ed. 2^ 156. 196lj W. A. Weber, Rocky Mtn. Fl., 
ed. 1, 305. 1967; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88 & 
89. 1968; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677, 678, & 
967. I97I; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. Ski 119li. 1972; Moldenke, Phy- 
tologia 2ii: 20, 5U, 2li2, & 255. 1972; W. A. Weber Rocky Mtn. 
Fl., ed. 2, 305. 1972; Anon., Biol. Abstr. 55 (10): BJi..S.I. C. 
S.27O. 1973; Stacey, Ariz. Highw. Ii9 (3): 7. 1973. 

Illustrations: Stacey, Ariz. Highw. k9 (3): 7 [in color]. 
1973. 

Dress refers to this plant as having decumbent stems and 
found it growing "in low barren dry (but vemally moist) ground". 
Reveal and his associates encountered it on steep mountain slopes, 
associated with Yucca , Opuntia, and other shnibs . Tharp reports 
it from "valleys and roadsides" . The Spellenbergs describe the 
plant as forming "clumps with many stems". The corollas on 
Spellenberg & Spellenberg 3062 are said to have been "pink" . The 
color illustration in the Stacey (1973) article referred to above 
does not show enough detail to make identification certain, but 
it seems likely that it depicts V. a mbrosifolia . 

An artificial cross between this species and V. canadensis 
(L.) Britton is described by Solbrig (I968) but lias not been 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 111 

named. The Denham 2001 , distributed aa V. ambroaifolia , is actu- 
ally V. ambrosifolia f . eglandulosa Perry. 

Additional citations: COLORADO: Archuleta Co.: Weber & Living - 
ston 62^8 (Bl~71228). Boulder Co.: W. A. Weber 3911 (Bl— 1677$). 
Huerfano Co.: M. Douglass 5U-133 (Bl— 13II6U5) . Las Animas Co.: 
7L A. Weber 3303 ( Bl— 19t>29yi Pueblo Co.: M. Douglass $U-8l (Bl— 
1314^9). TEXAS: Loving Co.: Stuessy I8U (WsT. Pecos Co.: Tharp 
U3-796 (Bl— 53320) . Zavala Co.: Ramirez L Cardenas 13 (Bl— 
209U30, Bl— 209UU3). NEW MEXICO: Chavez Co.: W. A_. Weber llj^ll 
(81—257053). Guadalupe Co.: Dress 2883 (Ba) . ARIZONA: Cochise 
Co.: Spellenberg & Spellenberg 3062 (N) . IfEHCO: Coahuila: Reveal , 
Hess , & Kiger 257^ (N, W— 2632235) i Rinehart 700U (Mi) . 

VERBENA AMBROSIFOLIA f . 3GUNDUL0SA Periy 

Additional bibliograp^^: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19U; Vfaterfall, Rhodora 51: 27. 19U9i Moldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 213. 1972. 

Waterfall (19U9) cites Waterfall 7li37 from Cimarron County, 
Oklahoma, growing on a stony hillside. The Denham 2055 » distribu- 
ted as V^ ambrosifolla f . eglandulosa , is actually V_, gooddingii 
var. nepetifolia Tides tr. 

Additional citations: NEVf MEXICO: Luna Co.: Denh am 2001 (Bl — 
2Ui669). 

VERBENA AllOENA Paxt. 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(I8UO) and ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 211u 1972. 

Paxton (I8ii0) avers that this species was introduced into 
cultivation in England in or before 1839. 

VERBENA ARISTIGERA S. Moore 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 182 & Ul9 
(1972) and 2U: 236, 238, J- 239. 1972. 

The corollas on Hatschbach 2388I1 , Krapovickas , Crist6bal , Mro- 
ginski, £ Fernandez 22730 , V. Maruflak 126, and Schinini & Mrogin- 
ski UhlS are said to have been "violet" yrhen fresh. Recent col- 
lectors have found this plant in bloom in April, September, and 
November, growing in white sandy soil on "campo limpo algo ■fimido". 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Mato Grosso: Hatschbach 2388I4. 
(N). PARAGUAY: V. Maruflak 126 (Ws) . ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Kra- 
povickas , Cri3t6bal . Mroginski , & Fernandez 22730 (Ld)j Schinini 
& Mrogijiski U661; (Ld) . 

VERBENA ATACAIENSIS Reiche 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 182. 1972. 

Additional citations: CHILE: Atacama: Worth & Morrison 1615U 
(Ba). 



112 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

VERBENA BAUNSAE Briq. 

Additional bitliography: Reitz, Sellowia 22: ll;5. 1970j Mol- 
denke, Phytologia 23: 211—215 (1972) and 2l+: 232 & 2U2. 1972. 

VERBENA BANGIANA Moldenl;e 

Additional bibliography: R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. 
I81i: 170. 1958; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 215. 1972. 

VERBENA BARBATA Grab. 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet,, ed, 1, 328 
(18I;0) and ed. 2, 328. 18^9} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 215 (1972) 
and 25: 23li. 1973. 

Paxton (iSiiO) states that this plant was introduced into cvil- 
tivation in England in 1826. 

VERBENA BERTERII (Keisn.) Schau. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytclcgia 23: 258, 281;, & 
377. 1972. 

Morrison refers to this plant as "not common; bush 0.3 m. 
tall; flowers lilac" and found it in flower and fruit in December. 
My wife and I, however, found it extremely common in the Santiago 
area when we collected there in 19U8 . 

Material of V. berterii has been mis identified and distributed 
in some herbaria under the name of Glandularia laciniata (L.) 
Schnack & Covas. 

Additional citations: CHILE: Aconcagua: ZOllner 6ijB3 (Ac), 6817 
(Ld). Golchagua: ZtTllner 61^71 (Ac). Santiago: Mahu 758-L (Bl— 
2086ii3), lj232 (Bl— 2U8578); J. L_. Morrison 16771 (Ba). Valparai- 
so: Zgllner 702lt (Ac). 

VERBENA BIPINNATIFIDA Nutt. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Rydb., Fl, Prairies & 
Plains, pr. 1, 677 — 679 & 967. 1932; Fedde & Schust. in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber, 60 (2): 575. 19iil; Kearney, List Citations Place 
Publ. Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 [typescr,]. 1951; Foley, Groxmd Covers, 
pr. 1, 13li. 1961; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88 & 89. 
1968; Drar, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 3: HI. 1970; Agarwal, Joum. 
Indian Bot. Soc. 50: 37U— 376. 1971; Foley, Groimd Covers, pr. 2, 
13ii. 1971; Hydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 677—679 & 967. 
1971; Vyas, Agarwal, & Garg, Phyton Rev. Int. Bot. Exp. 28: 161 — 
16U. 1971; Anon., Biol. Abstr. 5U: 2li95 (1972) and 5U (5): BJIJ5. 
I.e. S.272. 1972; Famsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 7 (10): xvi. 
1972; Fong & al., Lloydia 25: 117— lll9. 1972: Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 23: 258—259, 302, Ulh, U26, & h3$ (1972) and 2U: 51, 53, 
131, 238, & 239. 1972; G. W. Park, Parks Flow. Book 1973: 86. 
1972; R. R. Stewart in Nasir & Ali, Fl. West Pakist. 608. 1972; 
Anon., Biol. Abstr. 55 (5): BJI.S.I.C. S.267. 1973; Krai, Rhodora 
75: UOO. 1973; "L. E.", Biol. Abstr. 55: 2879. 1973. 

Agarwal (1971) treated seeds of what he says was this species 
(but I suspect strongly that they were V. tenuis ecta Briq. I) with 
various combinations of thio- and ascorbic acid for 12 hovirs smd 



I97I4 lioldenke. Notes on Verbena 113 

then let them geminate under continuous light or in continuous 
darkness. Ascorbic acid affected germination poorly when applied 
alone, but markedly increased the stimulation caused by thiourea. 
With increasing proportion of thiourea greater gennination oc- 
curred in continuous light, while with increasing propoirtion of 
ascorbic acid germination was greater in continuous darkness, 
yyas, Aganral, & Garg (1971) studied germination and growth of the 
same species in different soil types and found that field capacity, 
as well as Ca and organic content of the soil, control the growth 
and distribution of this species [again, probahly V. tenuisecta ] . 
Drar (1970) records V. bipinnatifida as cultivated in the Sudan, 
but here again it is virtually certain that the plant he refers 
to is the consEonly cultivated V, tenuisecta Briq, 

Recent collectors have fo\in5~V. bipinnatifida growing along 
roadsides, in drj' story rough grx)vind, open neglected fields, and 
xeric pastures without crops. Lawrence refers to it as a "floppy 
perennial, 15 inches tall". Phith refers to it as comcion through- 
out Tarrant County and the entire state of Texas. The flowers are 
sometimes referred to as fragrant. The corollas are described as 
having been "lavender" on Fryxell 1238 and Lundell & Lundell 12132 , 
"purple" on C_. L. Lundell 109^5 & II70U and Lundell & Lundell 
II36U , "purplish" on £. L. Lxmdell 11U57 & llii62 and L\uidell L 
Lundell IO369 ?c UhSO, "pink-purple" on £. L^ Lundell 10975, and 
"mauve-purple" on G. IL M^^ Lawrence 1;59 , while on H^ E^ Moore 9gl 
they are said to have been "bluer than in V^ canadeiEis " . 

Krai (1973) cites Krai 31062 from Greene County, Krai 3121$ 
from Marengo County, Krai 30953 rran Montgomery County, and Krai 
23786 & 396It3 from Sumter County, Alabama, noting that the species 
is "Very abimdant and showy in late spring and into the summer on 
the black earths and outcrops of the chalk prairies in Alabama; 
probably in every black belt county. However, not reported by 
Small frcw east of Louisiana. A conmon verbena of the prairie 
provinces of the west and midwest, already reported for Alabama 
by Harper and Perry ." 

The £. R, Fosberg 1^661 and L. £. Higgins 3951 , distributed as 
V. bipinnatifida , are actually V_, ciliata var. longidentata Perry, 
Gould & Haskell 3253a is V. elegans H.E.K., Plorwnan & Kilham AP.I8 
is V, gooddingii Briq,, Nafday 112 is V. tenuisecta BirLa., and I. 
Collins s.n. [July 29, 19Ul] is in part _V, tenuisecta Briq. and in 
part V. tenuisecta var. alba k'oldenke. 

Additional citations: SOUTH DAKOTA: Fall River Co.: G. N. Jones 
35990 (Bl— I9II17I) . KANSAS: Smith Co.: Horr S.IO8 {BI^^TT. 
ARKANSAS: Franklin Co.: 0. E. White s.n. [27 Ma,v 19U7] (W— 
261i6208). OKLIHOL'A: Beckham Co.: Dress 2576 (Ba) . Comanche Co.: 
Hopkins , Nelson , & Nelson 801 (Ba) . Murray Co.: M. Hopkins 3959 
(Ba). TEXAS: Bandera Co.: Ramirez &: Cardenas UO (Bl— 209U69) . 
Bexar Co.: J^ £. Perez 25 (Bl— 209672). Dallas Co.: C. L. Lundell 
II70I4 (Mi); Lundell L Lundell 11315 (Ea, Bl— 7133U), 12132 (L'i); 



nli PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

J, Reverchon s.n. [Curtiss 1962«] (Mi). Deaf Smith Co.: £. L_. 
Lundell 111^57 (KL) . Fannin Co.: McCart 2032 (Bl— IO387I1) . Gilles- 
pie Co.: Fiyxell 1238 (N) . Kinney Co.: Strother 263 (BI--I9805O) . 
Oldham Co.: £. L^ Lundell llli62 (Mi) ; Lundell & Lundell llliSO 
(Ki). Reagan Co.: Coiy 5350? (Bl— 90U7U) . Smith Co.: H. E. Moore 
951 (Ba). Sutton Co.: Rohrbaugh 390 (B1~17U980) . Tarrant Co.: 

A. Ruth 107 (Ba) . Taylor Co.: Lundell & Lundell II36U (Mi) . U- 
valde Co.: C_. L. Lundell 10955 (Mi), 10975 (Mi). WiUiamson Co.: 
Lundell & Lundell IO369 (Mi). CDLTIVATED: Canada: G. H. M^ Law- 
rence h^ (Ba) . 

VERBENA BIPIMATIFIDA ver. UTILOBATA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19Uli Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. 
Ariz. Fl. 112 [typescr.] . 195lj Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 216 & 
302. 1972. 

xVERBENA BLANCE&RDI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1, 
677. 1932} Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955 i Rydb., Fl. Prairies 
& Plains, pr. 2, 677. 1971} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 216. 1972. 

VERBENA BONARIENSIS L. 

Additional & emended synonymy: Verbena bonariense L. ex Molden- 
ke, Alph. List Invalid Names Suppl. 1: 22, in syn. 19U7j Martin & 
Noel, Fl. Albany & Bathhurst 92. I96O. Verbena bonarriensis L. 
ex Dhillon & Baj?fa, Bull. Bot. Svonr. India 11: 2U1, sphalm. I969. 
Verbena bonavienais Famsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 7 (10): xvi, 
sphalm. 1972. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Raeusch,, Nom. Bot., ed. 3, 
3. 1797} Desf,, Tabl, ficol. Bot., ed. 1, 55. I8OU} Willd., Enum. 
PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. 1809} Desf., Tabl. tcol, Bot,, ed. 2, 
66. 1815} Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 (I8I0) and ed. 2, 
328. I81i9} Gibert. Enum. PI. Montevid. h3» 1873} Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 
PI. 3 (1): 255. 1893} J. Q. Baker in This elt .-Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 
5: 286—287. 1900} Steam, Fl. Batava 27: pi. 2093. 1925} Anon., 
Keir Bull. Misc. Inf. 1929, App. 3: 108. 1929} Wangerin in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber. 5U (1): 1170 [366] (1932) and 55 (1): 835. 1935} 
Jex-Blake, Card. East Afr., ed. 2, 332. 1939} Oertel, U. S. Dept. 
Agr. Circ. 55Ii: 21. 1939} Vfangerin & Krause in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (1): 70li, 751i [372], & 823. 19ia} Rambo, An. Bot. Herb. 
Barb. Rodr. 1: 125. 19h9i R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. l81i: 
170. 1958} P. Foumier, Quat. Fl. France 8O6. I96I} Y/att & Brej'er- 
Brandwijk, Med. & Poison. PI. S. & East. Afr., ed. 2, 1051; & lli53. 
1962} N. P. Singh, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 11: 357. 1969} Angely, 
Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S, Paulo, ed. 1, U: 838 k xix, map 1391. 
1971} V. Singh, Joum. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 68: 3U3. 1971} Ama- 
ral Franco in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3: 123. 1972} Beadla, Evans, 
Carolin, 4 Tindale, Fl. Sydney Red., ed. 2, 507. 1972} D. S. k H. 

B. Correll, Aquat. & Wetland PI. SW. U. S. 1396 & 1397. 1972} De 
Fillips, Webbia 27: 360. 1972} Encke & Buchheim in Zander, Hand- 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 115 

wOrtorb. Pflanzennam., ed. 10, ^20. 1972; Farnsworth, Pharmacog. 
Titles 7 (10): xvi. 1972; Fong & al., Lloydia 25: 117— lii9. 1972; 
Kunkel, Monog. Biol. Canar. 3: 62. 1972; F. Perry, Fls. World 303 
!'j. 320. 1972; R. R. Stewart in Naair 4 All, Fl. West Pakist. 608 . 
1972; Tutin in Tut in <'>■ al., Fl. Eur. y. 369. 1972; Venter, Joxim, 
3. Afr. 3ot. 38: 231. 1972; Moldent'.e, Phjrtologia 2U: 216—217 
(1972) and 25: 232, 233, h 2\ik. 1973. 

Emended illustrations: Stearn, Fl. Batava 27: pi. 2093. 1925. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant in grasslands, 
in "brejo", at the foot of saall hills, and (in New Zealand) in 
"poor dry yellow soil on southerly-sloping hillsides", and as a 
weed in cotton fields, at 125 ni. altitude, flowering from Decem- 
ber to February and fruiting in Deceniber sind January. Kartin & 
Noel (i960) assert that it blooms re.'^ularly in Australia in Janu- 
ary and February. It has been described as an erect herb to 2 m. 
tall. The corollas are described as "lilsus" on Hatschbach 28I4.83 
and Philson , Doore , ^ Nash 23U, "violet" on Hatschbach , Smith , & 
Klein 28206 , "pale-purple" on Darbyshire 53U, "light-purple" on 
Lindeman h Haas 3935, "mauve" on Bayliss BS.2236 , and "blue" on 
MacDaniels 20Ui . Martin ^ Noel (I960) describe the flowers aa 
"purple". Paxton (13U0) asserts categorically that the plant is 
•Worthless" in cultivation (yet it has been or is in cultivation 
in at least 16 countriesl). In Africa and Australia it is known 
as "blue-top" or "purple-top" . A French vernacular name for it 
is "verveine de Bu^nos-Ayres" . Oertel (1939) calls it "blue 
vervain" and lists it among the "honey and pollen plants" of 
Louisiana. 

Venter (1972) refers to V. bonariensis as a "Woody herb on 
flood sands" in South AfirLca, flowering there from September to 
November. Dhillon L Eajwa (I969) desc.-ibe it as a 'hreed in gar- 
dens" in Rajasthan, citing Dhillon 301; Singh (I969) refers to 
it as "Frequent, along the sides of the sugarcane and paddy 
fields" in India, flowering there from April to October and fruit- 
ing from July to October, citing his nos. 19 6 36 & 2$h91 • The 
Corrells (1972) give its habitat and distribution in the south- 
western United States as "Sandy loam, ditch banks, wet or moist 
flatlands and along rice field fences, in Okla. (McCurtain Go.) 
and in e. Tex. from Red River to Jefferson cos.", blooming 
there from April to June. Santa Ciniz reports that in Chile it 
occurs in "Toda la R^publica de 36° a Ul° Lat. Sur". 

Baker (1900) tells us that V^ bonariensis is "a native of 
Elxtratropical South Amadca, is now established at the Cape and 
in Mauritius, Bombay, Madagascar, and the Canary Islands, but we 
have no specimens from Tropical Africa", Stewart (1972) asserts 
that it is "A weed from Brazil which seems to be spreading in 
Hazara [Pakistan]. It has been found in Abb., Mansera and Than- 
diani." Waterfall {19h9) cites Waterfall 7599 i'rom McCurtain 

County, Oklahoma — "an adventive in roadside ditch — either 

recently spread into the state or previously overlooked... It has 
been known previously from near-by Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana." 

Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk (1962) report that it "has been sua- 



116 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

pected in Australia of causing abortion in the boTine...No iH 
eff3Cts, however, have resiilted from the experimental feeding of 
300 gm. of dry flowering plant on each of four consecutive days." 

Fournier (1961) most amazingly reduces V. bonariensis to syn- 
onytny under what he calls V. chamaedryfolia [now known as V, 
peruviana (L.) Britton], a species belonging to a completely dif- 
ferent section of the genual Perry (1972) reduces it to synonymy 
under "V. patagonica " [now known as June Ilia patagonica (Speg.) 
Moldenke] — the plant here referred to doubtless being V. bonar - 
iensis Rendle rather than the true V. bonariensis of Linnaeus, 
although no authorities are cited by her. 

The Bracelin 1^17 & 2827 , Gallinal , Aragone , Bergalli , Campal , 
& Rosengurtt PE.^li6l , Rosengurtt Gallinal ^80U , and Steam s.n. 
[H. N. Moldenke 9l60] , distributed as V^ bonariensis , are all ac- 
tually V, bonariensis var. conglonerata Briq., Repton 716 is V. 
brasiliensis Veil . , Archer 1;331 , Cowgill 903 , Dress 1393, and 
Herb. PI. Ind. 121^05 are xV. intercedens Briq., Balakrishnan 
NBK .)4l3 is V. rigida Spreng., Bayliss BS .5318 is V. tenuisecta 
Briq., and £. N. Forbes ^l^E is Stachytarpheta dichotoma (R\ilz & 
Pav.) Vahl. 

Additional citations: SOUTH CAROLINA: Colleton Co.: Bell 23li7 
(B1~150279). GEORGIA: Burke Co.: Shacklette 6893 (Bl~202028) . 
FLORIDA: Bay Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26693 (Ac). ALABAMA: Pike 
Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26869 (Ld) . MISSISSIPPI: Perry Co.: 
Moldenke & Moldenke 26336 (Ba) . ARKANSAS: Drew Co.: Deaaree 
23251 (Ba). TEXAS: Orange Co.: Cory U8132 (Bl— 253595) . CALI- 
FORICA: Marin Co.: Howell 19323 (Ba, Bl— 53365) / s.n. [Sept. 5, 
19U3] (Bl— IO3U93). BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatschbach 2^11^ (Ld); 
Hatschbach , Smith , & Klein 28206 (Ac) . Rio Grande do Sul: 
Lindeman & Haas 3935 (N) . CHILE: Malleco: Santa Cruz 1938 (Ba) . 
ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires: A, T^ Hunziker li062 (Ba) . Formosa: I_. 
Morel 159 (Bl— 10U281), 1221 (Bl— 10U257) . Misiones: Bertoni 
2U36 (Bl— 10l;280) . Santa Fl: Querln 657 (Ld) . EGYPT: Maire 
1U2 (Gz). SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province: Bayliss BS.2236 (Ba, Ba). 
INDIA: Khasi States: Hooker & Thomson s.n. [alt. 1-3000 ped.] 
(Pd) . SRI UNKA: Amaratunga 695 (Pd); Balakrishnan NBK.IO38 
(Pd). NEPT CALEDONIA: MacDaniels 20l^ (Ba). AUSTRALIA: Capital 
Territory: Darbyshire S3h (Ba) . Queensland: £. Russell s.n. 
[7 Nov. I9U3] (W— 2716963). NEW ZEALAND: North Island: Phils on , 
Doore, & Nash 23U (Ws) . CULTIVATED: Sri Lanka: Collector unde- 
termined s.n. [Hakgala, Sept. 22, 1897] (Pd); Silva s.n. [Hak- 
gala. May 22, I9II] (Pd) . 

VERBENA BONARIENSIS var. COICLOMERATA Briq. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fito- 
geogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, U: 838 L xix. 1971} Moldenke, Pl^ologia 
23: 259. 1972. 



197U lioldenke, Notes on Verbena 117 

Bracelin describes the flower-color on Bracelin 1$12 as "RHS 
[Royal Horticultural Society] 35/2 Amethyst Violet; tube 29/1 
Rhodamlne Purplo" and found the plant in flower in July and in 
fruit in December. Through some palpable error in transcription, 
the label with Bracelin 2827 is inscribed "Tree: up to 6 feet 
high" . 

Additional citations: URUGUAY: Galllnal , Aragone , Berg alii , 
Campal , & Rosengurtt PE.5I46I (Ba) ; Rosengurtt Gallinal 5§0U (Ba) . 
CULTIVATED: California: Bracelin 1^12 (Ba), 232? (Ba). Egypt: 
Din s.n. [29/U/l?70] (Gz, Gz, Gz) . England: Steam s.n. [K. N. 
Holdenke 9I6O] (Ba, N) . 

VERBENA BRACTEATA Lag. & Rodr. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena bractiosa Lag, & Rodr. ex C. C, 
Black in Cragg [ed.]. Advances Ecol. Res. 7: 108, sphalm. 1971. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Deaf., Tabl. Ecol. Bot., 
ed. 1, 55. l80U;'.Villd., Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 63I;. 1809; 
Desf., Tabl. flcol. Bot., ed. 2, 66. lBl5; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., 
ed. 1, 328 (13U0) and ed. 2, 328. 18^9; Steam, Fl. Batava 27: 
pi. 2082. 1925; Blewitt. Fl. Waterbury 105. 1926; Wangerin in 
Just, Bot. Jahresber. 5u (1): 1170 [366]. 1932; Clute, Am. Bot- 
anist 33: 113— llU. 1927; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1, 
677, 678, & 967. 1932; Higgins, Occas. Pap. San Diego Soc. Nat. 
Hist. 8: 121. i9U9; W. A. Weber, Handb. PI. Colo. Front Range, 
ed. 1, 156. 1953; Evers, 111. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 26: U21 & 
li36. 1955; Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955; W. A. Weber, 
Handb. PI. Colo. Front Range, ed. 2, 156. I96I; W. A. Weber, 
Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 1, 3O6. 1967; Delorit, Illustr. Tax. L'an. 
Weed Seeds 96 & 97. 1970; C. C. Black in Cragg [ed.]. Advances 
Ecol. Res. 7: IO8. 1971; Eilers, Univ. Iowa Stud. Nat. Hist. 21: 
60 & 123. 1971; Ellis, Wofford, & Chester, Castanea 36: 2li2. 
1971; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677, 678, & 967. 
1971; D. S. & H. B. Correll, Aquat. & Wetland PI. SW. U. S. 1397 
& UiOO. 1972; Cronq., Holmg., Holmg., & Reveal, Intermoimt. Fl. 
1: 12U & 125. 1972; Dowden, 7^ild Green Things 50. 1972; Wallace 
& Romney, Radioecol. ?c Ecophys. Desert PI. vi. 1972; \'l, A. Weber, 
Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 2, 306. 1972; Wilkinson ^c Jaques, How Know 
Weeds, ed. 2, 123, 207, «t 231, fig. 295. 1972; Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 2U: 21, 5l, & 13U (1972) and 25: 226, 23U, & 2Uh. 1973; 
Halse, Fl. Canyon de Chelly lli7 [typescr.] . 1973; Kowitt & How- 
ell, Suppl. Vase. PI. Monterey Co. 23. 1973. 

Additional illustrations: Steam, Fl. Batava 27: pl. 2082. 
1925; Delorit, Illustr. Tax. Man. Weed Seeds 97 [in color]. 
I97O; Wilkinson £: Jaques, How Know Weeds, ed. 2, 123, fig. 295. 
1972. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant in oosn grass- 
land, ailong railroad tracks, and on the edges of gravel roads. 
Smith, in New York, describes it as a gray-green plant "locally 
abundant in railroad yards, forming mats 3 feet across". Hitch- 
cock & Muhlick, in Montana, assert that it forms "mats U feet 
wide on roadsides". In Idaho it was found by Baker along road- 



118 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

sides in sagebrush-grass zones. Higgins (19ii9) cites Higgins 
6788 . Desfontaines (l30[i) records the French common name "vei^eine 
a longues bract^es". The corollas are described as "bluish" on 
Lundell & Lundell 16973 , "lavender-blue" on Dress U089 and Plow- 
man & Kilham AP.91 , "pale lavender-blue" on Dress U887 , "pale- 
lilac" on Dress U886 , and "pink" on S_. £. Smith 270U . 

Wilkinson & Jaques (1972) assert that the species is "widely- 
distributed in waste land. Often takes over part of a barrtyard", 
flowering fran May to September. Bennett found it in moist open 
ground in the Transition Zone of New Mexico. The Corrells (1972) 
describe its habitat and distribution in the southwestern United 
States as "Low and newly cleared land, in mud about lakes, ponds 
and along sloughs, river bottoms, grassy places, waste ground and 
roadsides, in Tex. from the Ti^ns-Pecos and Plains Country through 
the Ed?rard8 Plateau e. to Newton Co., Okla. (YiTaterf all) , N. M. 
(widespread) and Ariz, (throughout state), Apr. — Oct.; almost 
throughout the w. U. S. and s. Can., introd. and local eastw," 
ELlis, Wofford, & Chester (1971) record it from Trigg County, Ken- 
tucky, while Eilers (1971) says that it is infrequent along low 
sandy roadsides in Benton, Blackhawk, Delaware, Floyd, Linn, and 
Tama Counties, Iowa. Evers (195^) avers that, although "abim- 
dant along roadsides", this plant was seen only once on a hill 
prairie in Illinois. Paxton (I8[i0) asserts that it was intro- 
duced into cultivation in England in 1820. 

Black (1971) reports that this is a plant with only low photo- 
synthetic capacity: 702 grams of water are required to produce 
one gram of dry matter. 

Delorit (1970) describes the seeds as follows: "Oblong in out- 
line; about the same width throughout except usually slightly 
wider at the base. Dorsal side convex, its margins winged down- 
ward; ventral side granular, two-faced forming a longitudinal 
ridge where thej'' join. Both ends of the seed usually bluntly 
rounded. Dorsal side usually with five longitudinal ribs, and oc- 
casionally four, which are joined by transverse ribs in the upper 
one-half of the seed forming a prominent network of veins . Inter- 
rib spaces large, shallow, usually flared or wider at the base. 
Seed scar oval, oblique, white. Golden-brown to reddish-brown, 
2.0 — 2.U mm long, 0.7—0.9 mm wide." 

In speaking of his V. rudis , regarded as a synonym of V, brac- 
teata by most authorities, Greene (1900) says "Its remarkable 
thick woody perennial roots alone would completely separate it 
from V, bracteosa ." He describes it as a conmon weed "of road- 
sides and cultivated lands." 

Material of V. bracteata has been misidentified and distribu- 
ted in some herbaria as Veronica serpyllifolia var. neomexicana 
Cockerell . 

Additional citations: NEW YORK: Chemung Co.: S_. J. Smith 270U 
(Ba). MARYLAND: Baltimore City: Sellers s.n. [l890l~(W— 2761251) • 
ALABAMA: County undetermined: Rugel s.n. [Sept. 18U3] (Bl — 97103). 
OHIO: Hamilton Co.: E. L. Braun s.n. [VI-12-06] (W~2712373) . IOWA: 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 119 

Story Co.: F. C_. Stewart s.n. [July 30, 1892] (Ba) . KENTUCKY: Mc 
Creaiy Co.: E. L. Bra\in U2li6 (W— 2667626). SOUTH DAKOTA: Fall 
River Co.: £. N. Jones 3^991 (Bl— 191280) . Jackson Co.: G^ N. 
Jones 3^171 (Bl— 18^6) . KANSAS: Douglas Co.: Horr E.$70 (Bl— 
88329) . MONTANA: Park Co.: Hitchcock & Muhlick 13$67 (Ba) . Powell 
Co.: Hitchcock & Muhlick 11$20 (Ba) . Sweetgrass Co.: Hitchcock tc 
Muhlick 1330^ (Ba). IDAHO: Blaine Co.: W. H. Baker 11071; (N) . 
Canyon Co.: W. H^ Baker 8l67 (N), 12930 (N). Idaho Co.: W. H. 
Baker 10016 (N) . Nez Perce Co.: W. KL Baker 5895 (N), 5918 (N), 
m3U3 (N), lli589 (N). Owyhee Co.: W. H. Baker 8182 (N) . UTAH: 
Beaver Co.: Dress 1^886 (Ba) . Tooele Co.: Dress U089 (Ba) , NEV- 
ADA: Clark Co.: Clokey 81i73 (Bl— 580U9) . COLORADO: Alamosa Co.: 
Bean 51-61 (Bl— 366I) . Archuleta Co.: Weber & Livingston 6259 
(Bl— 71227). Baca Co.: W. A. Weber 5189 (Bl— 56277) . Boulder 
Co.: Ewan IO9O (81-761091; Moldenke & Moldenke 27U79 (Ld) . Den- 
ver Co.: Porter s.n. [Denver, July 13-15, 1872] (Bl— 101510) . 
Fremont Co.: Gillett & Mosquin 12125 (Bl— 211363) • La Plata Co.: 
J. Green 11 (Bl— 6U227) . Larimer Co.: Crandall 172 (Ba) . Moffat 
Co.: MacLeod 71a (Bl— I9663O) . Montezima Co.: Erdman 228 (Bl — 
20107371 Park Co.: J. M. Coulter s.n. [Latte River, J\ane 26] 
(Bl— 100895) . Sedgwick Co.: W. A. Weber 6^07 (Bl— 71229) • Weld 
Co.: Moir 69673I4. (Bl— 256395) • OKLAHOMA: Cimarron Co.: Waterfall 
10756 (Bl— 85539). TEXAS: Dawson Co.: Lundell & Lundell 16973 
(Ld) . Tarrant Co.: A^ Ruth 109 (Ba) . Wood Co.: C. L, Lundell 
12081 (Mi) . NEBf MEXICO: Dona Ana Co.: Wooton & Standley 3330 
(Bl— 90196) . Roosevelt Co.: W. A. Weber 11399 (Bl— 172251) . 
Sandoval Co.: Plowman & Kilham AP.91 (Oa) . Taos Co.: ]U Rj. Ben - 
nett 8061 (W— 2ljli6297) . ARIZONA: Apache Co.: Cutler , Goodman , & 
Payson 2951 (Ba) . WASHIIJGTON: Benton Co.: L. S_. Rose U8l53 (Bl— 
253596). Chelan Co.: Dress U887 (Ba) . LOCALITY OF COLLECTION 
UNDETERMIl^JED : Collector undesignated s.n. [Snake country, N. Am.] 
(Pd). 

VERBENA BRASILIENSIS Veil. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. 
U3. I873i R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. 18U: 170. 1958; 
Eiten in Ferr6, Simpos . SCbre Cerrado 190. 1962; Angely, Fl. An- 
al. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k'- 838 & xix, map 1391. 1971; 
R. C. Clark, Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 58: 232 & 233. 1971; D. S. & H. 
B. Correll, Aquat. & Wetland PI. SW. U. S. 1396 & 1397. 1972; 
Stalter, Castanea 37: 225 &: 300. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 
217, 219, & 256 (1972) and 25: 225. 1973. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing on streambanks, 
sandy road edges, and in clvmips in open areas in new growth of 
pines on sandy clay soil. The corollas are described as "laven- 
der" on Fryxell I769 , "purple" on Repton 716 , "blue- lavender" on 
Shinners 23803 , and "violet" on Krapovickas , Cristobal, Mroginski, 



120 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1 

& Fernandez 22296 ♦ The Corrells (1972) describe its habitat and 
distribution in the southwestern United States as "Waste places, 
dry sandy soil, coastal prairies, in swamps and marshes about 
lakes and on seepy banks of ponds, in Okla. (Woodward Co.) and 
mainly in s.e. Tex., V.ay — Oct., introd.j nat. to most of S. A.; 
naturalized from Va. to Fla. and Gulf Coast, Ore., Calif., Jam,, 
S. Afr. and elseirtiere." Clark (1971) records it from Covington, 
Dallas, Escambia, Greene, Hale, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Monroe, 
Perry, Pike, and Tuscaloosa Counties, Alabama. Bos tick (1971) 
fotmd it in Henry and Rockdale Counties, Georgia, and Stalter 
(1972) in Georgetown County and on Outer Otter Island in Colleton 
County, South Carolina. Eiten (1962) cites Siten 159|. 

Additional citations: NORTH CAROLINA.: Bertie Co.: Ahles & Duke 
Ii6l6l (Bl — 1<060S) , !Iorthan?)ton Co.: Fox , Boyce , & More land 2097 
(Bl— 883l4li) . ALABAMA: Baldwin Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26766 (Ac) 
Escambia Co.: Dress & Read 7li67 (Ba) . Houston Co.: Moldenke & 
Moldenke 26823 (Ac). Marion Co.: Moldenke & Moldenk~268l9 (Ba) . 
Stone Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26783 (Ld). ARKANSAS: Ashley Co.: 
Demaree 5|972 (Bl— 2li93l8) . LOUISIANA: Bossier Par.: Shinners 
23803 (Ea). Ouachita Par.: Morris 262 (Bl— 2hi;309) . TEXAS: 
Brazos Co.: Fryxell 1769 (N) . CALIFORNIA: Stanislaus Co.: Howell 
30107 (Bl— 230589). BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Irwin , Harley , & Oni- 
shi 29gl2 (N). ARGENTINA.: Buenos Aires: Krapovickas , Cristobal, 
Mroginski , & Fernandez 22296 (Ld) . SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Rep - 
ton 716 (Ba) . MADAGASCAR: £. H. Shaw s.n. [10 Oct. 1962] (W— 
2626877) . 

VERBENA CABRERAE Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Pl^ologia 23: 182—183, 
I4I8, & li31. 1972. 

Additional citations: BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: R. F. Steinbach 
321 (Ws). 

VERBENA CALLIANTHA Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23j 218 & 279 
(1972) and 2U: 1U9 & 237. 1972. 

Material of this species has been misidentified and distrib- 
uted in some herbaria under the designation " Glandular ia aff , 
selloi (Spr.) Tronc." 

Additional citations: ARGENTINA: Misiones: Krapovickas , Cris - 
t6bal, & Marui!ak I51i92 (Ws) . 

VERBENA CAIJERONENSIS L. I. Davis 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 218. 1972. 

Lundeil encountered this species along roadsides at 500 feet 
altitude and describes it as "prostrate". Recent collectors 
have found it in bloom in March and July. The corollas are de- 
scribed as "purple" on C_, L^ Lundeil 10771 & 12256 . 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Cameron Co.: L, I^ Davis s .n . 
[Southmost, March 22, x9U2] (Ba) . [to be continued] 



PHYTOLOGIA 

Designed to expedite botanical publication 
Vol. 28 June, 1974 No. 2 

LIBRARY 

JUN 17 ic ^ 

NEW YOr^rv 
BOTAMICAL. GARDEN 

CONTENTS _ 

JABLONSKI, E., Catalogus Euphorbianim 1973 121 

GROAT, T. B., Combretum laxum Jacq. var. epiphyticum (Combretaceae) 

a case of selection for water disposal 188 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Notes on new and noteworthy plants. LXVII 192 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Additional notes on the genus Verbena. XX 195 

MOLDENKE, A. L., Book reviews 222 



Published by Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke 

303 Parkside Road 

Plainfield, New Jersey 07060 

U.S.A. 

Price of this number, $1.50; per volume, $8.50 in advance or $9.00 
at close of volume; 50 cents extra to foreign addresses 



CATALOG us 
Euphorbiarum 

1973 

E. JABLONSKI 
Vol. W 



PRINCIPAL CATALOGUS 
ALPHABETICUS 

2808 



121 



122 PHYTOLOOIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

The Total Number of Binominals 

Treated in this Catalogas is 

2808 

listed in Alphabetic order. 

Boisoier's original 

numbers vrere . , . c 723 

Added to this csime 

Post Boissier... 2085 



A 


23U 


B 


160 


C 


353 


D 


127 


E 


127 


F 


9h 


G 


135 


K 


115 


I 


80 


J 


28 


K 


U5 


L 


157 


M 


189 


N 


60 





73 


P 


300 


Q 


73 


R 


121 


S 


263 


T 


157 


U 


27 


V 


88 


w 


28 


X 


8 


Y 


6 


Z 


13 



Now we have o 2808 



The following binominals have 
so far not been classified: 



A 


10 


B 


20 


C 


3I4 


D 


11 


E 


12 


F 


lU 


G 


13 


H 


15 


I 


11 


J 


3 


K 


12 


L 


16 


M 


27 



N 


5 





5 


P 


5U 


Q 


1 


R 


15 


S 


33 


T 


25 


U 


7 


V 


11 


W 


6 


X 


1 


Y 


3 


Z 


2 



^Em~ -~3S9 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogu* Buphorbiarvm 



123 



Nomina 


Authors . 


Year. 


Boissier. 


Distributiono 


abbot tii 


Baker 


189a 


28 2 -A 


Ins. Aldabra 


abchazica 


Woronow 


1912 


(U90) 


Caucas. 


abdelkuri 


Balf.f. 


1901 


375-A 


Socotra Archip 


abdita 


(Burch) 


1969 


222-B 




abdita 


A.R.Sm. 


1971 


22-A 


Galapag . 


abolini 


Korovin 


1933 


U91-B 




abort iva 


Porsk . 


1775 


179 


Arabia 


abort iva 


Porta 


1892 


179 


Hispan. 


abramsiana 


Wheeler 


I93U 


161 -C 


Calif ., Ariz., 
Sonora 


abyssinica 


J.F.Gmelo 




318 


Abyss. 


acalyphoides 


Hochst. 


1862 


380 


Nubia 


acanthothamnos 


Heldr. 




520 




acaiilis 


Roxb. 




361 




acerensis 


BoisSo 


1862 


187 


Boliv. 


achenocarpa 


Sprang « 




U65 




acrurensis 


N.E.Brown 


1912 


318-H 


Erythraea 


aculeata 


Forsk . 




311 


Arab, 


aculeata 


E.Mey. 




6 70 -A 




acuminata 


Lam. 


1788 


552 




acuta 


Engelm. 


1859 


31 


N. Max., Texas, 
Coahuil. 


adenensis 


Deflers 


1887 


U3I-C 


Arab. 


adenochlora 


E.Moor & Decne 


1836 


69U 


Japan 


adenophylla 


Hort, 




179 


Hab.? 


adenopoda 


Baill. 


1860-1 


, 286 


Madag . 


adenoptera 


Bertol. 


I8U3 


166 


S. Domingo, Flao 


adhearens 


(Small) 


(1928) 


158 -F 


Florida 


adianthoides 


Lam. 


1788 


197 


Peru 


adicioides 


(Small) 


(1903) 


32-A 


Florida 


adinophylla 


Donn.Sm, 


1909 


213 -E 


Am.centr, 


adriana 


St.Hilo 


1860 


Ui6-A 


Brasil. 


aegyptiaca 


Boisso 


i860 


10 2 -B 


Aegypt 


aellenii 


Rech.f. 


1951 


605 -B 


Persia 


aeiniginosa 


Schweickerdt 


1935 


323-B 


Transvaal. 


aequata 


(Lunell) 


(1910) 


161 -A 


N.Dakota 


aequoria 


N.E.Brown 


1915 


272-C 


C.of G.Hope 


aethiopum 


Croizat 


I91I1 


313 -A 


China 


affinis 


Boiss. 


i860 


625 


Bahamas 


affinis 


DC. 




625 




afzelii 


N.E.Brown 


1911 


15U-C 


Sierra Leone 


aggregata 


A.Berger 


1907 


339 -A 


Afr.austr.Cape 


agowensls 


Hochst o 


1862 


256 


Abyss. 


agraria 


Bieb. 


1808 


6U7 


Europ.au str. 


agrorum 


Willd. 




6U7 




akdaghensis 


Stapf 


1886 




Asia min. 


akenocarpa 


GU88. 


1821 


U65 


Mediterr.occo 



12U 


P H T T L 


G I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


akenocarpa 


Roux & Blaise 


1862 


U6U 




alaica 


Prokh, 


1933 


U50-A 




alata 


Hook. 




280 


Jamaica 


alatavica 


BoisSo 


i860 


U85 


Soongana 


albanica 


N .E .Brown 


1915 


670-B 


C.of G.Hope 


albert ens is 


N.E.Brown 


1915 


326-D 


C.of GoHope 


albescens 


(Urb.) 


(1899) 


80 -A 




albicaulis 


(Rydb.) 


1900 


lUl-C 


Am.bor.:Nebr., 
Montana 


albiflora 


Taub. 


1896 




Brasil 


albomarginata 


Torr.&Gray 


1855 


83 


Calif., Ariz., 
N.Mex.,Baja Gal. 


albovillosa 


Pax 




257-A 


Afr.austro 


alciconiis 


Baker 


1887 


3 00 -A 


Madag. 


alcicornis 


HortoPar. 


1912 


300-B 


Madag. 


alepica 


Linn. 


1753 


5U7 


EuropoaustroOr. 


alexandrina 


Delile 




625 




alberiensis 


Boiss.Diagn. 




515 


Alger. 


aliceae 


Nelson 


1906 


170 


Ara.bor. 


alluaudi 


Drake 


1903 


57 


Madag . 


alpigena 


Kern, 


1866 


503 




alpina 


C.A.Mey. 


1830 


U83 


Sibir. 


alsinaeflora 


Baill. 


1866 


19 -A 


Augstal. 


alsinae folia 


BoisSo 


i860 


165 


Brasil 


alsinoides 


Miq. 


1853 




Ind.or. 


alta 


Norton 


1900 


5Ul 


N.Mex.,Ariz.,Mex 


altaica 


Boiss.Diagn. 




506 


Sibir o 


altemicolor 


N.E.Brown 


1915 


336-B 


Afr.austr. 


altissima 


Boiss.Diagn. 




U55 


As.rain.; Syria 


altotibetica 


Paulsen 


1922 




E.Tibet 


amarifontana 


N.E.Brown 


1915 


271 -D 


C.of GoHope 


ambacensis 


N.E.Brown 


1913 


318-7 


Angola 


ambigua 


rfaldst.& Kito 




707 




ambohipotsiensis Ursch & Leandri 1955 


290-X 


Cult. 


ambroseae 


Leach 


196U 


323-77 


Mozambique 


ammak 


Schweinf . 


1899 


319-G 


Arab 


aramanioides 


H.3.K. 


1817 


73 


Fla.jPan.jMex. 


ammatotricha 


Boiss. 


i860 


79 


Mexico 


amoena 


Ootsch 


19U8 


166 -M 


Guiana 


anoena 


(Millsp.) 


(191U) 


392 




anq^himalaca 


Standley 


1929 


210-B 


Honduras 


ampla 


Hook.f. 


1862 


619 -A 


Afr.tropo 


anplexicaulis 


Hook.f. 


1851 


11 


Galapag . 


ajnplexicaulis 


Ledeb. 




U97 




ait5)lophylla 


Pax 




295-A 


Afr.trop. 


anygdaloides 


Lam. 


1788 


655 


Mont pel ier 


anygdaloides 


Linn, 


1753 


673 


Europ.;0rient 


anacaiiQjseroides 


1 Lam. 


1788 


262 -A 


Martinique 


anacanqjsores 


Bal. 


1862 


688 





197li 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



125 



anacampsores 


Boiss.Diagn. 




687 


Asia Min. 


anacantha 


Ait. 




3 28 -A 


Afr.austro 


anagalloides 


Baker 


1890 


U 


Madag . 


analamerae 


Leandri 


19U5 


288 -G 


Madag . 


anceps 


Benth. 




166 




ancyrensis 


Aznov 


196U 


U6I4-A 


Turcia 


andersonii 


Millsp, 


1900 


28 -A 


Galapag. 


andina 


Philc 


1857 


liOl 


Chili 


andongensis 


Hiern. 




155-C 


Afrotropo 


andrachnoides 


Schrenk 


18I4U 


639 




andr e f andr o vana 


Ursch & Leandri 




290-E 


Culto 


andromedae 


Millsp. 


1900 


80 -D 


Cuba 


androsaemifolia 


Presl. 




52 




androsaemifolia 


(Schousb.)Villd, 




52-A 


Lusitan. 


androsaemifolia 


Steud. 




6U6-A 




androsaemoides 


Dennst. 




1x9 




anegadensis 


(Millsp.) 


(191U) 


U3-B 


Bahamas 


angolensis 


Pax 


189U 


98 -A 


Angola 


angrae 


N.E.Brown 


1915 


272-D 


Gr.Hamaq, 


ang\ilaris 


Kl. 


1859 


318 


Zanzibar 


angulata 


Jacq. 


1788 


501I 


Lurop.raed, 


angusta 


Engelm. 


1859 


33 


Texas 


angustata 


(Rochel)Borza 


19U9 


6U2-A 


Romania 


angustiflora 


Pax 




323-12 


Afr.tropo 


angustifolia 


Buch.Hsim. 




701 


Nepal 


angustifolia 


Lockh, 


1862 


262 




angustifolia 


Parodi 


1881 




Reg .Argent. 


angustifolia 


Sweet 




637 




angustifolia 


Glaziou 


191? 


170-B 


Minas Geraes 


angustifrons 


Borb. 


1886 


658 -A 


Hungary 


auiisopetala 


(Prokh.) 


(1930) 


100 -B 


Turkestan 


ankaranae 


Leandri 


19U5 


288 -F 


Madag , 


ankarensis 


Boiteau 


19U2 




Madag. 


sumulata 


Nutt. 


1939 




Hab.? 


ainomala 


Salzm. 


1862 


206 




anomala 


Pax 


1908 


382-B 


Afr.austr. 


anoplia 


Stapf. 


1928 


332-D 


Afr.austr. 


antankara 


Leandri 


19U6 


323.57 


Madag . 


anthonyi 


Brandegee 


1899 


li-A 


Baja Calif. 


antiquorum 


Forsk. 




300 




antiquorxim 


Linn. 


1753 


302 


Ind.or. 


antiquorum 


E.Mey. 




3U8 




antiquorum 


Wall. 




293 




antisiphylitica 


. Zucc, 


1829-30 251 


Mexico 


antso 


Dennis 


1921 


28 2 -C 


Madag » 


antunesii 


Pax 


1905 


323.3 


Afrotrop. 


anychioides 


Boiss. 


i860 


12U 


Mexico 


apatzingana 


McVaugh 


1961 


5U-A 


Mex.,Michoacan 


aphylla 


Brouss 




37U 


Teneriffa 


apicata 


Wheeler 


1936 


80-A 


Calif. inf. 


apiculata 


Anders. 


1855 


26 


Galapag, 



126 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



apios 


Linn. 


1753 


U99 


Graecia,As.Min. 


apocynifolia 


Small 


1898 


239-A 


Florida 


apocynoides 


Kl.Seem. 


1856 


217 


Panama 


aprica 


Baill. 


1886 


282 -D 


Madag . 


apurimacensis 


Croiz. 


19U6 


U12-A 


Peru 


arabica 


Hochst.&Steud. 


1862 


97 


Arabia, Abyss. 


arabicoides 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


97-A 


Angola 


aragonensis 


LOSC.& Pard, 




6i;9 




arahaka 


H.Poisson 


1912 


699 -D 


Madag. 


aramophila 


A.Cunn. 




255-A 


Austr. 


ararica 


Jord. 




637 




araucana 


Phil. 


1895 


396-A 


Chili 


arborea 


Boiss. 


1862 


U26 




arborescens 


Hort.Angl. 




310 




arborescens 


Hort.Par, 


1862 


307 




arborescens 


E.Mey. 






Synadenia 


arborescens 


Roxb. 




3 02 -A 




arborescens 


C.Sml. 




310 




arbuscula 


Balf. 


1888 


373-D 


Socotra 


arceuthobioides 


i Boiss. 


i860 


277 




arenaria 


Engelm.& Gr^r 


18U5 


77 


Texas 


arenaria 


H.B.K. 


1817 


193 


N.GranatjPeru 


arenaria 


Nutt. 


1837 


73 


Arkansas 


arenaria 


Willd. 




552 -A 




arenarioides 


Gagnep. 


1921 


lUl-A 


Laos 


arenicola 


Parish 






Calif. 


arequipensis 


(Croiz.) 


(19U5) 


W-D 


Peru 


argillicola 


Dinter 


191U 


326^ 


Af r. austr. -occ. 


argillosa 


Chod.<gc Hassl. 


1905 


U3-I 


Parag. 


arguta 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


U59 


GraeciajSyria 


arida 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


3 26 -A 


C.of G.Hope 


ariensis 


H.B.K. 


1817 


19U 


Mexico 


arillata 


Edgew. 


I81i7 


98 




ar is tat a 


Schmalk . 


1892 


U77-A 


Reg.Cauc. 


arizonica 


Engelm. 


1859 


163 


Arizona, Calif ., 
N.Mex.,Sonora 


arkansana 


Engelm.& Grey 


18U5 


533 


Texas, Colorado 


arraata 


Thunb. 




3U7 




arraena 


Boiss . 


1866 


595-A 




arraena 


Prokh. 


19U9 


691 -A 


Armen. 


armeniaca 


Boiss. 


1879 


895-A 




armour ii 


Millsp. 


1895 


198 -A 


Yucatan 


armstrongiana 


Boiss. 


1862 


159 


Australia 


arnottiana 


Endl. 


I836 


5-B 


Hawaii 


arrecta 


N.E.Br. 


I91U 


275-B 


Rhodesia 


arrecta 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


275 


C.of G.Hope 


artaudiana 


DC. 




575 




articulata 


Lam. 


1788 


21 




articulata 


Anderss. 


1855 


28 


Galapag. 


articulata 


Aubl. 


1775 


20 -K 


Porto Rico 


articulata 


Dennst. 




6 





197h 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorblarum 



127 



articulata 


(Britton) 


(1916) 


28 




art i folia 


N.E.Br. 




669 -B 


C.of G.Hope 


artvinensis 


Borrunuller 


1912 


U78 


Trancaucas. 


arimdelana 


Bartlett 


1911 


3 91 -A 


Maryland 


arvalis 


Boiss. 


1855 


567-A 


As. min., Persia 


arvensis 


Schleich. 




552 




ascendens 


Willd. 


1862 


86 




asclepiadea 


Milne -Redhead 


1951 


300-X 


Angola 


aserbajdzhanica 


. Bordz. 


1928 


388 -A 


Caucas. 


aspera 


Bieb. 




U90 


Reg.Caucas. 


aspericaulis 


Pax 


1901 


29 7 -A 


Afr.austr. 


asperifolia 


Engelm. 


1862 


267 


Mexico 


assamica 


Hook.f. 


188? 




Himalo 


astrachanica 


C.A.Meyer Glaus 


1851 


630-E 


Romania, USSR 


astrispina 


N.E.Brc 


1915 


336 


Co of G.Hope 


astroites 


Fisch.& Meyo 




200 


Mexico 


asturii 


Holuby 


1891 


658 -A 




astyla 


Engelm. 


1862 






atlantica 


Coss. ex Boiss o 


1862 


512 


Texas, Max., 
Persia 


atlantica 


Pers. 




593 




atlantis 


Maire 


19U1 


512 -A 




atoto 


Forstcf. 




6 


As., Austral 0, 
Pacifo 


atoto 


Guill. 


1837 


12 




atrococca 


AoA. Heller 


1897 


2-B 


Hawaii 


atropurpurea 


Brouss . 


1805 


1|21 


Teneriffa 


atrorubens 


Engelm. 


1862 


391 




atrosanguina 


Popp 


i860 


396 


Chile 


aubryana 


Baill. 


1861-2 


6 -A 


N.Caled. 


aucheri 


Boiss. Diagn. 


18U6 


612 


Persia 


aulacosperma 


BoissoDiagn. 


1855 


55U 


Syrnia 


aureocincta 


Croiz. 


19U3 


261 -A 


Parag.jJujuy 


aureola 


(Millspo) 


(1915) 


Ili6-E 


Calif. 


auricularia 


Boiss. 


i860 


169 




australis 


Boiss. 


i860 


109 


Austral. 


austriaca 


Kern, 


1875 


U5U-A 


Europ. 


austrina 


(Small) Jabl. 


(1933) 


561-A 


Florida 


austroanatolica 


Hub -Mar & Kahn 


196U 


5U3-A 


Turcia 


austro-occidentalis Thellung 


1916 


102 -C 


Hereroland 


avasmontana 


Dinter 


1928 


318-V 


Afr.austroocc. 


avenia 


Thibaut 




589 




azorica 


Hochsto 




575-A 




azorica 


Welw. 


1862 


575-A 





128 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



bachmanii 

backer! 

baetica 

baga 

bahiensis 

bahlensis 

bailloni 



Pax 

P + H 

BoisSc 

A.Cheval 

Boisso 

(K1.& Gke.) 

Boiss. 



1897 616 -B 
1930 50-A 
i860 592 



baja-californica (Millsp.) 



bajeri 

bakeriana 

balbisii 

balearica 

balfouri 

baliola 

balkhanica 

bally i 

balsamea 

balsaraifera 

banccina 

barbellata 

barbellata 

barberiana 

bsLTbicaria 

beirbicarina 

baribicollis 

barker! 

barnardi 

barnhart!! 

baron! 

barreller! 

barter! 

bartolomaei 

basarablca 

basel!c!s 

basutlca 

bauer! 

baum!! 

batabanensls 

bayllss!! 

bazarglca 

beaumlerana 

becguers! 

begon!aefol!a 

beharensls 

beille! 

bejar!ens!s 

belgradica 

belllca 

benedlcta 



Goyena 

Ba!ll. 

Bo!ss. 

Poir 

Sennen 

N.E.Br. 

Tarass. 

S.Carter 

Webs. 

A!t. 

Miq. 

Engelm. 

Hiirusava 

(Cro!z.) 

(Millsp.) 

Standley 

Bally 

Urb.& Ekmo 

White & Sloan 

Groiz. 

Boj. 

Savi 

N.E.Br. 

Greene 

Prodan 

Tenor e 

Marloth 

Engelm. ex Boiss 

Pax 

Urb. 

Leach 

Prodan 

Hook.f.S: Gross. 

Lehm.ex Steud. 

Leandri 

A.Cheval. 

DC 

Forsk . 

Hiern. 

Greene 



1862 
1968 
1860-1 
(1901) 
1909 
1886 
1860 
i860 
1925 
1915 
1951 
1963 

1965 

1859 

19U0 
(19U3) 
(1916) 

1930 

1965 

1926 

I9UI 

I93U 



1912 
1889 
1930 

1910 
1862 
1908 
1908 
196U 
1936 
18 7U 



57 

57-A 

289 



286-B 

117 

589 

326-E 

331-D 
382-6 
U18-A 

26U 

U5-E 



551-A 

52 -D 

331-D 

395-A 

290-yy 

652 

3 23 -16 

Ihh-k 

6U7-A 

652 

355-C 

70 
U33-A 
156 -D 

323-25 

658 -B 
3 20 -A 



19U6 
1933 
I8UI 227 



179 
323-62 



1900 
1889 



318-L 



benguelensis Pax 



1898 U33-A 



Afr.trop. 
Java 

Gibraltar 
Sudan. Gall o 
Brasil 

Malag, 

Nicaragua 

Madag . 

Bahamas 

Lusit.,Hispan. 

Hispan. 

Gr.Namaq. 

Turkmenia 

Somaliland 

Afr.trop. 

Canari 

Ins.Banca 

Mexico 

Manchur . 

Parag., N.Reg. 

Somaliland 

Haiti 

Transvaal. 



Ital. 
Nigeria 
L. Gal if. 
Ruman. 

Afr.austr. 

Austral. 

Afr.tropo 

Cuba 

Mozambique 

Human., Bulgo 

Morocc. 

China 

Hab.? 

Madag . 

Afr.Gall.Centr. 

Texas 

Byzant.,Serb. 

Afr.trop. 

Calif., S.Benik 

Isl.,P!ttonia 

Afr.austr. 



1971; 


Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 


12! 


benoisti 


Leandri 




19li7 


323 


Madag , 


benthami 


Hiern. 






381 -A 


Afr.trop. 


berberiana 


Croiz. 




19l3 


h5-L 




bergeri 


N.E.Br. 




1915 


327-A 


Afr.austr. 


bergeriana 


Dinter 




191U 


379-D 


Afr.austr.-occ 


bergii 


A.White, 


D.,S. 


19U1 


326-N 


Orange Free St 


bermudiana 


Millsp. 




1900 


156 -B 


Bermuda 


berotica 


N.L.Br. 




1912 


373-Y 


Angola 


berteriana 


Balb. 






U5 


Ind.occ. 


bertheloti 


Bolle ex 


Boiss. 


1862 


U25 


Ins.Canar, 


berythea 


Boiss.& Blanch. 




5U0 


Syria 


bessarabica 


Klokov 




195$ 


65U-A 


Bessarab. 


besseri 


Boiss. 




1862 


137 


Chili 


betacea 


Baill. 




1686 


28 2 -D 


Madag o 


bevilaniensis 


Croiz. 




193U 


290-A 


Madag. 


biaculeata 


Denis 




1921 


290 


Madag o 


bialata 


Link 






538 


Lusitania 


bicapitata 


T.S.Brandegee 


1917 


U6-3 


Mexico 


bicephala 


Bertol. 






U5 


W.I. 


bicolor 


Engelm.& 


Gray 


I8h5 


229 


Ark., Texas 


biconvexa 


Domin 




1927 


61-A 


Queensland 


bifida 


Hook.& Arn. 


1927 


59 


China 


bifida 


Thw. 






12 -A 




biformis 


Wats. 




1882-3 


176-A 


Mexico 


bifurcata 


Engelm. 




1859 


183 


N .Mexico 


biglandulosa 


Boiss. 




1862 


655 


Medit. 


biglandulosa 


Desf. 




1808 


692 


Graecia,As.rain 


biglandulosa 


Willd. 






179 




bilobata 


Engelm. 




1859 


178 


N .Mexico 


bilocularis 


N.E.Br. 






295-B 


Afr.Brit.or 


bimensis 


Miq. 






50 


Java 


biramensis 


Urb. 




1930 


80-F 


Cuba 


bisserrata 


Millsp, 




1890 


165-A 


L. Calif o 


bileaui 








323-60 




biiimbellata 


Poir. 






576 


Afr.bor. 


biumbellata 


Un. ex Boiss. 


1862 


588 


Sicil,Cupani 


biuncinalis 


McVaugh 




1961 


205 -A 


Mexico 


bivonae 


Steud. 






516 


Afr„bor.,Sicil 


blamcheti 


Miq. 




18U9 


5U-D 


Brasil 


blepharophylla 


C.A.Mey. 






UU7 


Soongaria 


blepharostipiila 


I Millsp, ex Rose 


1890 


218 -A 


L.Calif. 


blodgettii 


Engelm. ex Hitch. 


1893 


80-M 


Bahamas 


bodinieri 


Leveille 


& Vaniot 1906 




China 


boerhaavioides 


Rusby 




1907 


3 96 -A 


Boliv. 


boerrhavifolia 


Boiss o 




1862 


185 


Am.centr, 


boetica 


Boiss. 




1860 


592 


Hispan. 


boinensis 


Denis ex 


Leandri 


1935 




Madag, 


boissieri 


Baill. 




1860-1 


289 


Madag. 


boissieriana 


(Woronow] 


iProkh. 


19U9 


63h-A 




boiteaui 


Leandri 




19U6 


323-60 


Madag . 


boivini 


Boiss. 




1862 


283 


Madag. 



130 


PHYTOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


bojeri 


Hookc 




291 


Madag „ 


boliviana 


Rusby 


1907 


157-C 


Boliv. 


bolusii 


N.EcErc 


1915 


3 26 -A 


Transvaal, 


bombaiensis 


Santapau 


1951 


80-A 


Bengal 


bombensis 


JacQo 


1760 


73 -A 


Am.centr. 


bongensis 


Kotschy & Peyr. 




25 7 -A 


Afrotrop. 


bonifaciensis 


Requien 




588 -b 


Meditc 


bonplandii 


Sweet 




228 


Mexico 


boophthona 


C'.A. Gardner 


19U2 






borbonica 


BoisSo 


1862 


622 


Ins.Borbon 


borodini 


Sambuk 


1928 


638 -A 


Rossia 


borszczowii 


Prokh. 


19U9 


637-B 


Rossia, Saratov. 


bosseri 


Leandri 


1965 


323-66 


Madag. 


bothriosperma 


Boiss.&: Kotschy 


i860 


600 


Armenia 


botryoides 


Noronha 


1790 




Java 


bottae 


BoisSo 


i860 


367 


Arabia 


bougheyi 


Leach 


196U 




Mozambique 


bouleyi 


S o Moore 


1920 




N.W.Australo 


bounophila 


BoisSo 


1862 


612 


Persia 


bourgaeana 


JoGayoBX BoisSo 


1862 


U22 


Ins.Teneriffo 


bracei 


Millspc 


1906 


20-C 


Bahamas 


brachiata 


Jane 




U76 


Europo 


brachiata 


EoMeyo 


1862 


270 


Afr.austo 


brachycera 


Engelmo 


1859 


582 


N.Mexico 


bract^hylla 


Denis 


1921 


323-X 


Madag. 


brachypoda 


(Small) 


(1903) 


81-A 


Florida 


bracteata 


Jacq„ 


180U 


276 




bracteolaris 


Boisso 


i860 


U8 


India or. 


brakdanensis 


N.Ec Brown 


1915 


326-B 


Little Namaqo 


brandegeei 


Millspo 


1889 


lUU-D 


Galif.,MagdcIsl 


brasiliensis 


Lam. 


1788 


5U 


Am.trop, 


braunsii 


N.E.Bro 


1915 


326-G 


Cape 


bravoana 


Svent . 


195U 


U21-A 


InSoCanaro 


breoni 


Ann.Fl.&. Pom 


1833 


396 


Madag. 


breviart iculata 


. Pax 


1905 


323-17 


Afr.trop. 


brevicomu 


Pax 


1909 


637-A 


Afrotrop 


brevirama 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


38U-K 




brevis 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


323-10 


Angola 


brevitorta 


Bally 


1959 


323-B 


Kenya Col. 


bridgesii 


Bert. ex BoisSo 




396-G 


Chili 


briquet ii 


Emberger & Maire 


1929 




Marocc « 


brittingeri 


Opiz ex Reichb. 




509 


S.WoEuropo 


brittonii 


Millsp. 


1906 


5U-B 


Bahamas 


brochoni 


Deysson 


1908 


U65-A 




broteri 


Daveau 


1885 


686 -B 


Eo Portugal 


broussoneti 


Willd.ex Link 




365 


Teneriff. 


brownii 


Baill. 


1866 


U31-B 


Austral. 


brvinellii 


Chiov, 


1951 


852 -B 


Abyss 


bryophylla 


DonnoSmith 


1913 


169 -C 


Guatem. 


bubal ina 


Boiss. 


i860 


3hh 


Afr.austr, 


buchananl 


Pax 


1901 


616-C 


Afr.trop. 



197U 



Jablonaki, Catalogus Euphorbianim 



131 



buchtormensis 


C.A.Mey. 




U8U 


Sibir. 


budensis 


T.Simon 


19U9 




Hungary 


buhsei 


Boiss. 


1862 


659 


Persia 


bulleyana 


Diels 


1912 


UU3-C 


China (Yunnan) 


bungei 


Boiss. 


1862 


U50 


Persia 


bupleurifolia 


Jacq. 


1797 


357 


Afr.austr. 


bnpleurifolia 


E.Mey. 




3U5 


Afr.austro 


bupleuroides 


Diels 


1912 


Uii3-C 


China (Yunnan) 


bupleuroides 


Desf. 




593 


Afr.bor. 


bupleuroides 


Willd.& Boisso 


1862 


630 




buplexiroides 


Willd.ex Ledebo 




63 3 -A 




burchelli 


Mull.;j~g. 


18 7U 


1$0-.A 


Goyaz 


burraanica 


Hook.f. 


1886 


157-3 


Burma 


burmanni 


E.Mey. 


1862 


272 


Afr.austr. 


burmanniana 


J.Gay. 




157 


Totius Orbis 


buruana 


Pax 


1901 


323.19 


Afr.trop. 


buschiana 


Grosch. 


19U0 


63 2 -A 




bussei 


Pax 


1901 


318 -B 


Afr.tropo 


buxifolia 


Lam. 


1788 


20 


W.I. 


buxoides 


A.R.Sm. 


1971 


U3I-A 


New Guinea 



cactus 


Ehrenb.ex Boiss. 


1862 


309 


Arabia 


cadrilateri 


Prodan 


1953 


595-A 


Ruman. 


caducifolia 


Haines 


I91U 


292 -A 


Ind.or.(Centr. 
Prov) Pakistan 


caecorum 


Mart.& Boiss. 


1862 


173-C 


Brasil. 


caerulescens 


Haw. 




315-B 


Cape 


caesaraugustana 


Auct.ex VJillk. 






Hispan. 


caesia 


Kar & Kir 


I8UI 


637 




caespitosa 


Lam. 


1788 


397 




caespitosa 


Tenor e 




575 




cajogala 


Ehrh. 


1783 


658 




calabrica 


Burkill. 


1901 


U33-K 


Afr.trop. 


calabrica 


Hut er. Port a. 


1907 


569 -A 


Ital. 


calcarea 


C0SS.& Dur. 


18 5U 


575 




calcicola 


Fern. 


1901 


200 -A 


Mexico, Morales 


calderensis 


Phil. 


1895 


896 -XX 


Chili 


calendulaefolia 


Delile 




U59 




calif omica 


Benth. 


iBUh 


2U9 


Calif. 


califomica 


Boiss. 


i860 


h 




calliadenia 


Engelm.ex Boiss. 


1862 


111 




callirichoides 


H.B.K. 


1817 


158 




callitrichoides 


Schau. 


18U7 


166 




calonesiaca 


Croiz. 


1938 


Ii76-A 




calva 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


257-C 


Cameroon 


calyciflora 


Sesse & Moc. 


I89h 




Portoric. 


calycina 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


295 -D 


Sudan. 


calyculata 


H.B.K. 


1817 


U35 


Mexico 



132 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



calyptrata 


COSS.& Dure 


1857 


U35 


Algeria 


camaguay ens is 


Urb. 


19 2U 


U3-C 


Cuba 


cambodiana 


Lecomte 


1911 




Indochina 


cameronii 


N.E.Br, 


1911 


290-c 


Nyasaland 


cainpestris 


Cham.&Schlechto 


1830 


579 


Mexico 


canaliculata 


Lame 


1788 


3U2 


InsloCanar. 


canaliculata 


Lodd. 








canaliculata 


Perso 




18U 




canariensis 


Forsk . 




317 




canariensis 


Linn. ' 


1753 


31U 


Insl.Canar. 


canariensis 


Thunb. 




316 




canariensis 


Iremauxo 




310 323- 


.15 


candelabrum 


Tremaux. 


1857 


319 


Afr.trop. 


csinescens 


Linn. 


1753 


101 




canophylla 


Croiz . 


1939 


260-A 




cantabrica 


Rouy 


1883 


h5U 




canterviflora 


N.E.Br. 


1915 




C.of G.Hope 


canuti 


Pari. 




U82-B 


Alp.mari. 


capansa 


Ducke 


1938 


323-67 


Brasil. (Amaz.) 


capansa 


Leandri 


323-67 Brasil 




capazii 


Caballero 


1935 




Morocc. 


caperonioides 


r)yer.,Mey. 


1966 


382-A 




capillaris 


Gagnep. 


1921 


51-A 


Siam, Laos, Phil, 


capitata 


Buch.-Ham. 




37-A 




capitata 


Lam. 


1788 


U3 




capitellata 


Engelm. 


1859 


U6-D 


Mexico, Arizona 


capitulata 


Reichb. 




52U 


ThessaljGraecia 


captiosa 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


337-A 


C.of G.Hope 


capuronii 


Ursch & Leandri 


1955 


323-67 


Cult. 


capuronii 


Leandri 


1957 


323-67 


Madag, 


caput -aurem 


Denis 


1921 


287-A 


Madag. 


caput -medusae 


Linn. 


1753 


326 


Afr.austr. 


caracasana 


Boiss. 


1862 


215 


Venezuela 


cardiophylla 


Boiss.& Heldr. 


1853 


U98 


I^ycia 


careyi 


F.Muller 






Australia 


carinata 


Bonn. 


1827 




Trinidad 


carinifolia 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


U67-B 


Angola 


carinthiaca 


Traunf ex BoisSo 


1862 


U5U 




carissoides 


F.M.Bailey 


1906 




Austral. 


carmenensis 


Rose 


1892 


IU6-A 


Ins. Carmen 


carniolica 


Brot. 




592-A 




carniolica 


DC. 




510 




carniolica 


Jacq. 


1778 


507 


Tyrol 


carniolica 


Lapeyr . 




U8l 




carnosa 


Paulsen 


1906 




Turkestan 


carpasus 


Ehrenb.ex Boiss. 


1862 


379 




carpatica 


Woloszczak 


1892 


U76-G 


Carpath . 


carter iana 


Bally 


I96U 


326-B 


Somalilsuid 


carthaginensis 


Porta & Rigo 


1891 




Hispan. 


carullae 


Sennen 


1922 


625-A 


Hispan. 


carunculata 


Wat erf. 


I9U8 


169 -A 


Oklahoma, Texas 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



133 



cashmeriana 


Royle 




U72 




cassia 


BoisSo 


1853 


5U3 


Syria 


cassioides 


f .M.Bailey 


1906 


U9 


Austral. 


cassythoides 


Boiss. 


i860 


279 


Cuba, Santo Dom 


catamarcensis 


(Croiz.) 


(19U3) 


173 -D 


Argentina 


caterviflora 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


29 7 -B 


C.of G.Hope 


cattimandoo 


Wjiill. , 




312 




cavaleriei 


Eeveille & Vaniot 1906 




China 


caudata 


Boiss .■<<. Haussk. 


1866 


552 




caudiculosa 


Bois. 


1862 


613 


Syria 


cay ens is 


Millspc 


190h 


20 -B 


Bahamas 


cebrina 


Hochsto 


i860 


615 -A 




cechica 


Opiz 




U5U-A 




celastrcides 


Boiss. 


1862 


2 


Hawaii 


celerieri 


Emberger 


1953 


575-A 




centunculoides 


H.B.K. 


1817 


lh9 


Cuba 


ceratocarpa 


Tenore 




U75 


Sicil. 


cerebrina 


Hochstoex Boiss. 


, 1862 


615-A 


Abyss. 


cereiformis 


Linn. 


1753 


335 


Afr.austr. 


cerifera 


Alcocer 


1911 


291 -A 


Mexico 


cerinthifolia 


Fisch.ex Boiss, 


1862 


U63 




cernua 


Coss,& DUTo 


1862 


5U5 


Algeria 


ceroderma 


Johnston 


192U 


251 -A 


Mexico 


cervicornis 


Boiss. 


i860 


356 


Afr.austr. 


cervicornu 


Baill. 


1890 


3U8 


Congo Gall. 


cespitosa 


Lam. 




307 


Reg .Argent. 


cestrifolia 


H.B.K. 


1817 


U13 


Peru 


chaborasia 


Gombault 


1956 


595 -A 


Syria 


chaculana 


Bonn. Sn. 


1899 


176-D 


Guatemala 


chaetocalyx 


(Wooton & Standi 


..)1935 


120-B 




chaixiana 


Timb. 


1856 


673 




chalicophyla 


Weatherby 


1910 


5U-A 


Mexico 


chamaebuxus 


Bernard 




523 


Mont.Pyren. 


chamaecaula 


Weatherby 


1910 


158 -A 


Mexico 


chamaeclada 


Ule 


1908 




Brasil 


chamaecormos 


Chiov. 




30Z. 


Somaliland 


chajnaepeplus 


Boiss. & Gaill. 


1859 


558 


Palestina 


chamaepeplo ide s 


Lotsy 


1895 


558 -A 


Guatem. 


chamaerrhodos 


Boiss. 


1860 


175 


Brasil. merid. 


chaniaesyce 


Linn. 


1753 


101 


Reg.Medit. 


chamberlini 


Johnston 


192U 


ii6-A 


Calif. 


chamissonis 


Bo'iss. 


1662 


13 


InScFiji 


chamoecise 


St.Amans 




101 -A 


Fl.Agen. 


chancoana 


Vorosh. 


1961 




Sibir.or. 


characias 


Host. 




681 




characias 


Linn. 


1753 


680 


Reg.MeditoOCC. 


characias 


Sibth.& S, 




682 




chasmophyla 


Rech. 


1951 


612 


Persia 


cheiradenia 


Boiss. & Hohen 


1853 


601 




cheirolepis 


Fi8ch.& Mey. 


1839 


25U 


Turcomania 


cheirolepioides 


Rechinger 


1855 


U3I4-B 


Persia 



13l4 



PHYTOLOG lA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



chenopodifolia 


Boiss. 


1866 


18 7 -A 


Bolivia 


chersina 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


271-A 


Gr.Namaq. 


chesneyi 


Boiss. 


1862 


602 


Assyria 


chiapensis 


Brandegee 


191U 


203 


Mexico 


chilensis 


Gay,C 


18U9 


396-B 


Chili 


chilensis 


Echeg. 




396-C 




chioera 


Lipsky 






Caucasus 


chiogenes 


(Small) 


(1903) 


73 -C 


Florida 


chiogenoides 


Rusby 


1920 


73 -C 


Colombia 


chrysochaeta 


WjV.Fitzg. 


1918 




VJ. Austral. 


chrysocoma 


Leveille & Vaniot 1906 


U3-B 


China 


chrysopl^lla 


R.E. ex Boiss. 


1862 


U05 


Brasil 


cibdela 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


271-C 


Gr.Namaq, 


ciliata 


Spreng . 




179 


Hab.? 


cilicica 


Boiss. 


1859 


688 




ciliolata 


Pax 




U67-B 


Afr.austr. 


cinerascens 


Engelm. 


1859 


80-H 


Texas, Mexico 


cinerea 


W.V.Fitzg. 






Australia 


cirsioides 


Const. & Gall. 


1905 




Madag. 


clandestina 


Jacq. 


180U 


355-A 


Afr.austr. 


clarionensis 


Brandegee 


1899 


U-B 


Mexico 


Clark eana 


Hook.f. 


1887 


lOU-A 


Ind.bor.occ. 


clava 


Jacq. 




3U2 


Afr.austr. 


clavarioides 


Boiss. 


i860 


353 


Afr.austr. 


clavata 


Salisb. 




3U2 


Burma 


clavidigitata 


Gage 


191U 


3 53 -A 


Burma 


clavigera 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


323-X 


Swaziland 


clavigera 


Lacaita 


1928 




Hispan. 


claytonioides 


Pax 


1897 


326-Y 


Afr.tr op. 


clementei 


Boiss. 


1838 


511* 


Hispan. 


clement ei 


Bourg.ex Boiss. 


1862 


517 




clement ii 


Domin. 


1927 


UO-A 


N.W.Austr. 


Cleopatra 


Baill. 


I86l-a 


. U3I-A 


N.Caledonia 


clivicola 


R.A.Dyer 


1851 


323-12X 


Transvaal. 


clusiaefolia 


Hook.&; Am. 




1 


Hawaii 


clutioides 


(Forst.f.) 


19l;2 




Austr. 


coccinea 


Roth. 




112 


Ind.or. 


coccinea 


Willd.ex Boiss. 


1862 


259 




coderiana 


DC. 


525 






codecorum 


J^ll.Arg. 


18 7U 


173 -C 




coeladenia 


Boiss .Diagn. 


1859 


U36 


Beluchist, 


coerulans 


Pax 


1898 


323-B 


Afr.austr. 


coerulescens 


Haw. 


1827 


315-A 




cofradiana 


Brandegee 


1905 


200-B 


Mexico 


coghlani 


F.M.Bailey 






Australia 


cognata 


Boiss. 


1862 


U68 


Himal. 


colimae 


Rose, J.N. 


1895 


200 -C 


Mexico 


colletioides 


Benth. 


iQUh 


U5U-A 




colliculina 


A."VIhite, DC. 


19UI 


353 -K 


Afr.austr, 


collina 


Phil. 


1857-8 U02 


Chili 


collina 


Willd. 




163 -B 





19 7U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



135 



collina 


Brandegee 


1911 


163 -A 


Mexico 


colorata 


Engelm. 




265 


Mexico 


columnar is 


Bally 


I96I4 


323-X 


Somaliland 


comans 


VJ.V.Fitzg, 


1918 




W. Austral. 


commelini 


DCo 




326 




commersonii 


Baill. 


1886 


28 2 -L 


Madag . 


commiphoroides 


Dinter 


1909 


376-C 


Afr.trop. 


commutata 


Engelm. ex Gray- 


1856 


561 


Am.bor. 


comonduana 


Mill sp. 


1889 




L.Calif. 


comosa 


Veil. 


1825 


237 


Brasil 


compacta 


CoMoore 


1895 




Ins.Pacif. 


complanata 


Warb. 


I89U 




Oceania 


complexa 


Dyer 


1937 


323-26 


Transvsial 


compressa 


Boiss. 


1662 


13U 


Venezuela 


conceptionis 


Rupr.ex Boiss. 


1862 


196 




condensata 


Fisch.ex Bieb. 




5U7 




condylocsirpa 


Bieb.ex Bieb. 


1808 


U97 


Armenia 


conferta 


(Small) 


(1903) 


166 -A 


Florida 


oonfertiflora 


Volkens 


1899 


318-B 


Afr.trop. 


confinalis 


Dyer 




23 2 -XX 


Transvaal. 


confluens 


Nel. 


1933 




Little Nsunaq. 


conformis 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


272 


Angola 


confusa 


Bliune ex Boiss. 


1862 


82 




congenera 


Blume 


1925 


50 


Malaya 


congesta 


Willdo 




575 




conifera 


Steph.ex Boiss. 


1862 


U86 




coniosperma 


Boiss .& Bvihse 


i860 


529 


Persia 


conjuncta 


Millsp. 


1887 


160 -A 


Calif. 


connata 


Boiss. 


1862 


U38 


Persia 


consanguinea 


Engelm, 


1862 


lUl 




consanguinea 


n. 




U68 




consanguinea 


Schrenk . 


I81il 


389 


Sibir. 


consobrina 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


270-E 


Nubio 


consoquitlae 


Brandegee 


1920 


72U 


Mexico 


conspicua 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


318-B 


Angola 


contorta 


Leach 


I96U 


323 


Mozambiq. 


controversa 


N.E.Br. 




318 -A 


Abyss. 


convol vulo ides 


Hochst.ex Boiss, 


. 1862 


15U 


Afr.trop. 


cooperi 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


331-B 


Natal. 


copiapina 


Phil. 


1857 


396-E 


Chili 


corallifera 


M.E.Jones 


1933- 


5 222-A 


Calif .inf. 


coralloides 


Linn. 


1753 


U56 


Italia 


coralloides 


Thunb.& Boiss. 




627 




corallothaunnus 


Dinter 


1930 


2 73 -A 


Afr.austr.occ 


cordata 


Meyer ^ 


18U3 


10 


Hawaii 


cordata 


Larranaga 


1923 




Uruguay 


cordata 


Schrank 




509 -A 




cordellata 


Haw. 








cordifolia 


Ell. Sketch 




81 


America bor. 


cordifolia 


C.A.Mey. 


i860 


677 




coriacea 


C.Koch 


18U8 


ii3U-A 


Persia 



136 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no, 2 



coriariaefolia 


Boiss. 


1862 


5 




corifolia 


Lam. 


1788 


663 


Afr.austr. 


corniculata 


Dyer 


19h9 


323-22 


Afr.Lusil.or. 


cornigera 


Boiss. 


1862 


U80 




cornuta 


Pers. 




U35 


Aegypt,Arab. 


corollata 


Linn. 


1753 


239 


Am.bor. 


coronata 


thunb. 




3U3 


Afr.austr. 


correntina 


Parodi 


1881 




Reg .Argent 


corrigioloides 


Boiss. 


i860 


92 


Ind.or. 


corsicg. 


Requien 


1825 


690 


Ins. Corsica 


corymbosa 


N.E.Bro 


191$ 


272-A 


c.of G.Hope 


corynoclada 


F.lCll. 


1886 




Austral. 


cosinosperma 


Reichb. 




575 




cossoniana 


Boiss. 


1862 


531 


Alger. 


costata 


Schiir 


1852 


U5U-A 


Transylvania 


costeana 


Roiiy 


1910 


U67-A 


Gallia 


cottampala 


Rheed. 




U9 




cotinifolia 


Linn. 


1753 


210 


India occ. 


cotinoides 


Miq. 


1850 


211; 


Guian., Surinam 


cotylifera 


Steud.Sphalm. 




179 




cotylophora 


Sprang . 


1800 


179 


Hab.? 


coudercii 


Gagnep . 


1921 


70-A 


Gambod. 


cowellii 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 


80 -H 


Porto Rico 


coziunelensis 


Millsp. 


1900 


U5-A 


Amer.Cent., 
Gozumel I si. 


craspedia 


Boiss. 


18U2 


689 


Syria 


crass ino ides 


Urb. 


1899 


Ili9-A 


Cuba 


crass ipes 


Marloth 


1909 


326-1 


Afr.austr. 


crenulata 


Engelm. 


1859 


56U 




crepitata 


Wheeler 


1939 


1146 -A 


Mexico , Coahuila 


cretica 


Mill. 




680 




cretophila 


Klokov. 


1955 




Ukraina 


crispata 


Hornem. 




530 




crispata 


Lem. 


1857 


331 




cristate 


Heyne ex Roth 


1821 


38 


India or. 


cristata 


Roth. 




37 


India 


cristata 


Dietrich 




688 




croizati 


Leandri 


19h6 


323.55 


Madag . 


croizati 


(Hiirusawa) 


1956 


230-B 




crossadenia 


Pax & K.Hoffm. 


1923 


230-A 


Bahia 


crotonoides 


Boiss. 


1862 


382 


Nubia 


cruentata 


Grah. 


1832 


655-A 


Am.bor., Missouri 


cryptospinosa 


Bally 


1963 


317-B 


Kenya 


csatoi 


(Simonkai) 


19U9 


6U7-A 




cuatrecasasii 


Pau 


1929 




Hispan. 


cubensis 


Boiss. 


1866 


U18-A 


Cuba 


cuchumatanensis 


Standi. & Stey. 


19UU 




Guatemala 


cucumerina 


Willd. 




721 


Afr.austr. 


culminicola 


A.Molina 


1965 




Honduras 


cuinbrae 


Boiss. 


i860 


162 


Mexico 


curaulata 


Dyer 


1931 




Afr.austr. 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogua Euphorbiarum 



137 



cumulicola 


(Small) 


cuneata 


Vahlo 


cuneata 


Anders. 


cuneifolia 


Guss. 


cunei folia 


Roxb. 


cupani 


Guss, 


cupani 


fjchultz 


cyphosperma 


Boiss. 


cupularis 


Boiss. 


currori 


N.E.Br. 


curtifolia 


Chaub. 


curt is ii 


Engel.Ti.in 


curviraraa 


Dyer 


cussonioides 


Bally 


cuspidata 


Bernh. 


cuspidata 


B^rtol.^ 


cyanophylla 


Leveille 


cyanogala 


Wright ex 


cyathophora 


Murro 


cybirensis 


Boiss. 


cylindrica 


W.DS 



Chapm, 



Griseb 



1833) 


72-B 


Florida 




379 


Arabia 




379 






032 


Medit . 




703 






586 


Sicil. ,3ardin 




587 




1862 


263 


Mexico 


i860 


158 




1911 


3 79 -A 
686 


Angalo 




2U0 


Am.bor. 


1931 




Afr.austr. 


1958 


295-B 


Kenya col. 


18U5 


671 
51 




1913 


U3-1 


China 
Cuba 


1786 


262 -B 


Culto 


18U2 


U6U 


Medit . 


19U1 


3 55 -A 


Cape 



dalecharapii 


Haw, 




1866 


637 




dallachyana 


Baill. 




1866 


108 -A 


Australia 


daL-natica 


Vis. 






571 




damascena 


Boisso 




1853 


657 




daphnoides 


Balf. 




1877 


28 2 -K 


InSoMascar. 


daphnoides 


Baill o 




k877 


28 2 -K 


Madag. 


darbandensis 


N.E.Br. 




1913 


723 


French Cent.Afr 


darlingtonii 


A.Gray 




18U8 


U66 


Am.bor. 


dasycarpa 


Coss, 




1875 




Morocc. 


dasyclada 


Dusen 




191U 




Patagonia 


daviesii 


E, A. Bruce 


19U0 


589 -A 


Tanganika Terr. 


davyi 


N.E.Br. 




1915 


355-A 


Tr£Ln.svaal, 


dawei 


N.E.Br. 




1912 


303 -B 


Uganda 


decariana 


Croiz . 




193U 




Madag, 


decaryi 


Guillaumin 


193U 


299 -B 


Madag , 


decepta 


NoE.Sr. 




1915 


326-K 


Cape 


decidua 


Bally & 


Leach 




323-11 


S, Cent.Afr, 


decipiens 


Boiss, it 


Buhse 


1850 


598 


Persia 


decorsei 


Drake 




1903 


28 2 -D 


Madag. 


decumbens 


Willd. 






U9 




decussata 


E.Mey. 




1862 


271 


Afr.austr. 


decussata 


Salisb. 






38U 




deflexa 


Sibth.4 


Sm. 




610 


Graecia 


defoliata 


Urb. 




1912 


216 -A 


Sto .Domingo 


degeneri 


Sherff 




1936 


10-A 


Madag. 



138 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



deightonii 


Croiz. 


1938 


3 05 -A 


Sierre Leone 


dejecta 


N.EoBr. 


1911 


616 -G 


Nyasaland 


dekindtii 


Pax 




318 -L 


Afr.trop. 


delicatula 


Boiss. 


i860 


191 


Mexico 


delorti 


Timb.ex Nym. 




191 




delphinensis 


Ursch.Sf Leamdri 


1955 


288 -D 


Madag. 


deltobracteata 


Prokh. 


1933 


612 -A 




deltoidea 


Engelm.ex Chapm. 


1897 


158 -B 


Florida 


deranatensis 


Coss. 


1888 




Marocco 


dendroides 


Linn. 


1753 


U27 


Medit . 


denisiana 


Guillaumin 


1929 




Madag . 


densa 


Schott.& Kotschy 




522 




densa 


Schrenk 


18U5 


386 


Persia 


dens if lor a 


Kl. 


1862 


166 -F 


Mexico 


densifolia 


C.Koch 


I8I49 


70U 


Caucasus 


densiuscula 


Popov. 


1923 




Bokhara 


dent at a 


Michx. 


1893 


260 


Am.bor. 


dentosa 


J.M.Johnston 


1922 


lUU-B 




denticulata 


Lam. 


1788 


688 


Asia Min.jSy 


denudata 


Bertol. 




U56 




depauperata 


Hochsto 


I8UI 


167 


Abyss. 


deppeana 


Boiss. 


1850 


h 


Calif. 


depressa 


C.Gay 




138 




depressa 


Phil. 


i860 


13 9 -B 




depressa 


Torr.ex Sprang. 




156 -A 




deseglisei 


Bor.ex Boiss. 


1862 


505 




desertoriim 


Weinm. 


1837 


705 


Rossia 


desraondi 


Keey 


1955 


292-13 


Nigeria 


dichotoma 


Roxh. 




36 


India 


dichotoma 


Forsk . 




706 


Egypt 


dictyosperma 


Fischo& Mey. 




533 


Am.bor. 


didiereoides 


Denis 


193U 


299 -A 


Madag . 


diffusa 


J.D. Hook 


1851 


29 


Galapagos 


diffusa 


Jacq.MisCo 




5U9 




diffusa 


L.Dufour 


1851 


517 


Galapagos 


digitata 


S.Wats. 


1891 




Mexico 


dilatata 


Torr.et Gray 


1857 


82 




dilatata 


E.Mey. 




578 




dilatata 


Hochst . 




617 


Abyss. 


dimorphocaulon 


PoH.Duc 


19U0 




Greta, Cypr, 


dinteri 


A.Berger 


1906 


323-2U 


Germany S.W. 


dioeca 


H.B.K. 


1817 


166 




dioica 


Hieron. 




166 -L 


Argent. 


dioscoreoides 


Boiss. 


i860 


205 


Mexico 


disclusa 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


318 -F 


Afr.trop, 


discoidalis 


Chapm o 


1860 


2Ul 


Florida 


discolor 


Boiss o 


1862 


186 


Amocentr, 


discolor 


Shut tier 


1862 


U66 




discolor 


Bertol. 




239-S 




discolor 


Kl.ex Boixx. 


1862 


UoU 




discolor 


Ledeb . 




637 


Rossia 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



139 



discreta 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


35U 


Ponololand 


dissimilis 


Cordemoy 


lfi95 


106 -A 


Ins.Borb La Ren 


distans 


W.V.Fitzg. 


1918 




W.Austr, 


disticha 


EngeL-n.ex Boiss. 


1862 


93 




distincta 


Stschegleaf 


185U 


639 




distincta 


Schur 


1853 


U5U-A 




distinguenda 


Schur 


1852 


U5U-A 




diuretica 


Laranaga 


1923 




Urug, 


divaricata 


Jacq. 




U27 




divaricata 


A.Cunn.ex Benth. 




51-3 


Austral. 


divergens 


Kl. 




621 




divergens 


Kl. 




620 




diversifolia 


Schrad.ex Steud, 




625 




diversifolia 


Willd.ex Boiss. 


1862 


259 




diversifolia 


Hochst.ex 


1862 


575 




diversifolia 


PoiTo 




615-A 




djimilensis 


Boiss. 


1879 


509 -A 


As.min. 


djurensis 


Schweinf o 


I89U 


257-A 


Afr.trop. 


dobrogensis 


Pro dan 


1936 


595 




doming ensis 


Spreng.'^c Boiss. 


1862 


5U8 




dominii 


Rohl. 


I90U 




Montenegro 


dorsiventralis 


Urb. 


1908 


158 -J 


Cuba 


dracunculoides 


Lam„ 


1788 


551 -A 


As.Afrotropo 


drastica 


Sievers 




U83 




dregeana 


E.Mey. 


1892 


371 


Afr.austr. 


drummondii 


Boiss. 


i860 


108 


Austral. 


drupacea 


Stapf. 


1906 


296 




drupifera 


Thonn. 




296 


Afr.trop. 


dubia 


Dierb. 




520 




duckei 


(Croiz.)^ 


I9U3 


50 -A 


Paraguay 


duclouxii 


Leveille 4 Vaniot 1908 


U3-D 


China 


dugandiana 


(Croiz.) 


19U3 




Colombia 


dulcis 


As so 




5UU-A 




dulcis 


Bertol. 




509 


Italia 


dulcis 


Jacq. 




503 




dulcis 


Ruegel ex Boiss. 


1662 


511 




dulcis 


Linn, 


1753 


509 


Europe 


dulcis 


Sibth.& Sm. 




518 




dumentoruin 


C0SS0& Dure 


1862 


517 




dumosa 


Boiss. 


1853 


518 




dumosa 


E.Mey. 




667 


Afr.aust, 


dumosa 


A.Rich. 




U09 




durandoi 


Chabert . 


1900 




Alger . 


durani 


Ursch.& Leandri 


1955 


288 -G 


Madag.Cult. 


duriuscula 


P.& H. 


I9h5 


UOO-A 


Bolivia 


duseimata 


Dyer 


193U 


326-K 


Betschuanaland 


dussii 


Krug & Urbo 


1896 


UI3-E 


Martinique 


duvalii 


Lecoq & Lamotte 




508 


Gallia 



ll^O 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



eanophylla 


Croiz. 


1939 


260 -A 


Bolivia 


ebracteolata 


Hayata 


1911 




Japan 


echinata 


Salm - Dyck 




335 




echinocarpa 


Brot. 


18U3 


179 




echinocarpa 


Sieber ex Boiss. 


1862 


U6U 




echinus 


Hook.fo & Coss. 


18 7U 


320-B 


Marocc. 


ecklonii 


Kl. & Gke. 


18U3 


358-B 


Cape 


ecorniculata 


Kitamura 


1958 


658 -B 


Afgan, 


edgeworthii 


Boiss. 


1862 


U71 


Himalaya 


edmondii 


Hochst . 






Afr.bor. 


edulis 


Lour. 




29h 


Cochinch 


edulis 


Sesse & Moc. 


188 7-' 


90 


Mexico 


eendornensis 


D inter 


1932 


326-H 


Gr.Namag. 


effusa 


Ehrenb„ex Boiss c 


, 1862 


256 




eggersii 


Urb. 


1899 


51^7 


Wol. 


ehrenbergii 


Sweet 




625 




eichleri 


MulLArg. 


18 7U 


136-A 


Argent. 


elastica 


D inter 


1938 


3 71 -A 


Namaland 


elastica 


Poisson & Pax 


1902 




Afrotropoocc. 


elastica 


Marloth 


1910 


371 


Afr.austo 


elastica 


Jumelle 






Madag » 


elastica 


Altamirano 


1905 


Ull-A 


Mexico 


elata 


Brandegee 


191U 


213 -B 


Mexico 


elegans 


Heyne 




39 -A 




elegans 


Spreng . 




36 


Ind.or, 


ellenbeckii 


Pax 




323o9 


Afr.tropo 


ellioti 


Leandri 


19U5 


288 -L 


Madag. 


elliptica 


Boiss o 


i860 


22U 


Peru 


elliptica 


Thunb. 




360 


Afr.austo 


elodes 


Boiss. 


i860 


UOU 


Brasil 


elongata 


Poir. 




593 




elquiensii 


Phil. 


1895 


U02-A 


Chili 


elwendica 


Stapf. 


1886 


601-A 


Asia occ. 


elymaitica 


Bornirailler 


1911 


601-A 


Persia 


eraarginata 


Ait. 


1789 


U81 




emarginata 


(K1.& Gke.) Croiz ,19U3 


91-A 




emarginata 


Boiss. 


1862 


91 


Brasil 


emarginata 


Lam. 


1788 


116 


Peru 


emetica 


Padilla 


1905 




Am.Centr. 


emirnensis 


Baker 


1883 


63h-A 


Madag. 


emodi 


Hook of o 


1887 


111-A 


Reg.Himal, 


enalla 


Brandegee 


19m 


281 -A 


Mexico 


engelmanni 


Boiss. 


i860 


138 




engleri 


Pax 


1895 


U67<.6 


Afr.tr op, or. 


engleriana 


Dinter 


1921 


352-D 


Afr.austr.occ 


enneagona 


Haw. 




335 




enopla 


Boiss. 


i860 


338 


Afr.austr, 


enormis 


N.E.Br, 


1915 


323-Y 


Transvaal. 


ensifolia 


Baker 


1883 


551-A 


Madag. 


enterophopra 


Drake 


1899 


300-D 


Madag, 


ephedroides 


E.Mey. 


1862 


273 


Afr.austr. 



19 7U 



Jablonskl, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



llil 



ephedromorpha 


Bartlett 


1907 


219 -A 


Guatem. 


epicyparissias 


Krauss 


1862 


666 




epicyparissias 


E. Mey. 


i860 


668 




epicyparissias 


E.Mey. 


1862 


66$ 


Afr.austr. 


epiphylloides 


Kurz 


1873 




Ins. Adam. 


epithymoides 


Alio 




512 -A 




epithymoides 


Bab. 




U5U-A 


Kl.Bath 


epithymoides 


Brot. 




709 




epithymoides 


Linn. 


1753 


U92 


Europ. 


epithymoides 


Jacqo 




U9U 




equisetiformis 


Stewart 


1911 


30-G 


Galapagos 


eranthes 


R.A.Dyer & Mal„ 


1937 


U33-D 


N.Rhodesia 


erecta 


(Lunell)Jabl„ 


(1910) 


161-3 


N.Dakota 


eremica 


Jepson 


1925 


72 -D 


Calif. 


eremocarpus 


PhcUfm. 




255-A 




eremophila 


A.Cunii.ex Hooko 




255 


Austral. 


e riant ha 


Benth. 


l8Uli 


266 


Calif. 


ericetorum 


Zumag 






Italia 


ericifolia 


Pax 




63 6 -A 


Afr.trop. 


ericoides 


Lam. 


1788 


66U 


Afr.austr. 


erinacea 


Boiss.& Kotschy 




521 


Syria 


eriocarpa 


Bertol, 


I839 


681 -A 




erioclada 


Boisso& Heldr. 




U96 




erioclada 


S art. ex Nym, 




530-A 




eriogonoides 


Small 


1898 


391-C 


Georgia 


eriophora 


BoisSoDiagn. 


19UU 


1x60 


As. Min., Persia 


eriophylla 


Kar.& Kir. 


I8UI 


63 9 -A 




erlangeri 


Pax 


190U 


317-A 


Afr.trop. 


ernesti 


N.E.Sr. 


1915 


353 


Cape 


erosa 


Willd. 


1809 


333 




erubescens 


BoisSoDiagn. 


18U7 


679 




erubescens 


E.Mey. 


1862 


U56 


Afr.austr. 


erythradenia 


Boiss.Diagn. 


18U6 


60U 


Persia 


erythrantha 


F.Muell. 




113 -A 




erythraea 


Hemslo 


1891 




China 


erythraea 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


295-c 




erythrina 


Link. 




669 


Afr.austr. 


erythrocajrpa 


Kl. 






Guisina 


erythrocephala 


Bally 


1951 


300-Y 


N.Rhodesia 


erythroclada 


89135. 


1862 


62 


Ind.or. 


erythrocoma 


Leveille 


1913 


U3-H 


Yunnan 


erythrodon 


Boiss. 


1853 


597 


As. Min. 


erythrophylla 


Bertol. 




259 




erythrorhiza 


Boiss. 


1862 


UOO 


Brasil 


erythroxyloides 


Baker 


1883 


685-x 


Madag. 


esculenta 


Marloth 


1908 


353-c 


Afr.austr. 


espinosa 


Pax 


189U 


38 2 -B 


Afr.trop. or., 
China. 


espirituensis 


MjE. Jones 


1933 


im-A 


S.Calif. inf. 


esquitolii 


Leveille & Van. 


1906 






esula 


Bisb. 




63U 





1U2 


P H Y T 


L G I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


esula 


Forsk . 






615 




es\ila 


Kotschy 




1862 


63U 




esula 


Linn. 




1753 


637 


Eiirop. 


esula 


Pollich 






658 




esula 


Tenore 






61;3 




esulaeformis 


Schauer 




18U7 


519 -B 




esuloides 


Velen. 




1886 


658 -A 


Bulg. 


esuloides 


Tenore 






636 




esulo-lucida 


Andrae 




1855 


637-A 


Ruman. 


euboea 


Halacsy 






U75-A 


Graecia 


eugeniae 


Prokh. 




19U7 


U76-A 


Caucas. 


eun^nnordes 


Baker 




1921 


286-c 




euon^rmoclada 


Croiz. 




19l;0 


U81-B 


N.Guin. 


euryops 


Bullock 




1932 


665 -A 


Afr.tropooro 


eustacei 


N.E.BFo 




1913 


327-A 


Gape 


evansii 


Pax 




1909 


323 0I5 


Transvaal. 


evonymicarpa 


Chad.& Willcz. 


1902 


396-A 


Reg .Argent , 


excel sa 


A.I'ifhite & Sloan 


I9UI 


3 16 -A 


Transvaal. 


excisa 


Urb.& Englm, 


1929 


80 


Haiti 


exclusa 


S.Wats. 




1882-3 




Mexico 


exigua 


Linn. 




1753 


5U9 


Europ. 


exserta 


( Small) BoS, 


.Smith I9I46 


UlO-A 




exspansa 


Janka 




1859-60 50U 




exstipvilata 


Engelm. 




1859 


179 


Texas 


exumensis 


(Millsp,) 




(1909) 


20 -E 


Bahamas 


eylesii 


Rendle 




1905 


80-C 


Afr.trop. 



fageliaefolia 


Boiss. 


1866 


18 7 -A 




falcata 


Linn. 


1753 


552 


Medit oAs . 


falsa 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


33 2 -A 




famata 


Sakalaves 




286-C 




fallax 


Deysson 


1908 


57U-A 




fasciculata 


Thunb. 


1908 


707 


Afroaustr. 


fastuosa 


Sfsse (Sc^Moc. 


1887-90 


Mexico 


fauriei 


Leveille & Vaniot 1908 


U3-6 


Corea 


feddemae 


McVaugh. 


1961 


5U-D 


Michoacan 


fendleri 


Torr.& Gray 


1855 


120 


S.¥.U.S.,N.lIex 


ferdinandi 


Baill. 


1866 


108 -B 


N.Austr, 


ferganensis 


Fedtsch 


1916 


UU7-A 


Turkestan 


ferox 


Marloth 


1913 


338 -A 


Cape 


f estiva 


Sherff 


1936 


5-A 


Hawaii 


fianarantsoae 


Ursch & Leandri 


1955 


288 -J 


Madag.Cult. 


fidjiana 


Boiss, 


1862 


U30 


Fidji 


fieldii 


Shiriaev 


1950 




Iraq 


fierowi 


Woronov 


19U0 




Trans cauc. 
(Georgia) 


figerti 


Dorfler 


1902 




Austria 


fiha 


Decaiy 


1921 




Madag. 



19 7U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorblarum 



lii3 



fiherensis 


H.Poisson 


1912 


373-C 


Madag , 


filicaulis 


Urb. 


19 2U 


119 -D 


Cuba 


filicina 


Portenschlo 




6Uh 


Dalmat . 


filiflora 


Marloth 


1921 


3 26 -A 


Najnaqual . 


filifolia 


Glaziou 


1912 


17U-B 


Brasil 


filiformis 










filipes 


Benth. 






Austro 


fimbriata 


Heyne ex Roth 




37-A 




fimbriata 


Hort. 


1862 


303 -A 




fimbriata 


Scop. 


1788 


333 




fimbriata 


Wall. ex Boiss. 


1866 


37-B 




fimbrilligera 


Mart. 


18U7 


198 




finlaysonii 


J.MoBlack 


1935 




centr.Austr. 


firma 


Ledeb . 




656 




fischeri 


Pax 


189U 


103 -A 


Afr.trop. oro 


fischeriana 


Steud. 




UU5 




flabellaris 


Anders ex Boiss, 


. 1862 


25 


Galapagos 


flagelliformis 


(Rydb.) 


(1906) 




Am.bor.occ. 


flamandi 


Battand. 




350-A 


Afr.bor. 


flanagani 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


35U-D 


Cape 


flavicoma 


DCo 




510 


Hispano 


flavopurpurea 


Willk. 


1875 






fleckii 


Pax 


1898 


2 70 -A 


Afr.austr, 


flerowi 


Woronow ex Flerov 






fleuroti 


Jord. 




637 




flexicaulis 


Scheele 


18U9 


80-B 




flexuosa 


HoB.K. 


1817 


20-3 




floccosiuscula 


M.E.Jones 


1929 


llU^ 


Mexico 


floresii 


Standley 


1935 


2 79 -A 


Yucatan 


floribunda 


Engelm. 


1859 


122 


Mexico 


florida 


Engelm. 


1859 


153 


Arizona, Mexico 


floridana 


Chapm. 




392 




fodhliana 


Defiers 




317-A 


Arab. 


foetida 


Hoppe ex Koch 




526 




foetida 


Schult. 




525 




foliata 


Buch.-Ham. 




157 




foliilua 


Ule 


1908 




Brasil 


foliosa 


N.EoBr. 


1915 


669 -A 




fontanesii 


Steud. 




260 




forbesii 


Sherff. 


1936 


1-B 


Hawaii 


formosana 


Hayata 


1911 




Formosa 


forskalei 


Bourgoex Boiss o 


1862 


98 




forskalii 


J.Gay.jW.B. 


1850 


102 -A 




fortuita 


A.White, WoB. 


19U1 


353-H 


Afr.austr. 


fossulata 


Boiss. ex Gaill. 


1859 


55U 




foveolata 


Radlkofer 


1913 




Luzon 


frag if era 


Jan. ex Link 


1818 


U92 


Italia 


fragifera 


Schur 




U5U-B 




fragilis 


Decne 


183U 


98 




franchetti 


B.Fedtsch 


1915 


552 -A 




franckiana 


AoBerger 


1907 


3I6-C 


Hab.? 



Ihh 



PHTTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



francoana 


BoisSo 




i860 


202 


Hispan. 


francoisi 


Lesindri 




19U6 


323.58 


Madag . 


frangulaefolia 


H.B.K. 




1817 


261 




frank siae 


N.K.Br. 




1915 


35U^ 


Natal 


fraseri 


Boiss, 




1862 


188 


Ecuador 


fratema 


N.EoBr. 




1912 


323 olU 


Angola 


frickiana 


N.E.Br. 




1931 


339-B 


Gape Prov. 


fridrichsthalii 


Boiss. 




1862 


219 


Guatemala 


friedrichiae 


Dinter 




191U 


326-K 


Afr.austr.occo 


frivaldszkyana 


Dorfl.& 


Degen 




68 2 -B 


Greece 


froedinii 


Rech.f . 




1952 


657-A 


Kurdistan.,Pers 


fructus-pini 


Mill .Gard. Diet. 


1915 


326 




frutescens 


N.E.Br. 




1915 


378-3 


Little Namag. 


fruticosa 


Bivona 






516 




fruticosa 


Edgew. 




18U7 


370 




fruticosa 


Forsk . 




1775 


321 


Arabia 


fruticulosa 


Engelm.ex Boiss, 


, 1862 


115 


Mexico 


fuhsii 


Bornm.& 


Sint. 


1916 


658 -B 




fulgens 


Karw.ex 


Kl. 


I83U 


2U7 


Mexico 


fulva 


Stapf. 




1907 


Ull-A 




furcata 


N.E.Br. 




1911 


323.15 


Afr.Brit.or. 


furcillata 


H.B.K. 




1817 


580 


Mexico 


fusca 


Marloth 




1912 


326-G 


Afr.austr. 


fusiformis 


Buch- Hamilto 




362 


Ind.or. 



gad it ana 


Cosson. 


527 


Hispan, 


gaillardoti 


Boiss .& Blanche 1859 


U61 


Mesopot. 


galapageia 


Robins & Greenm. 1895 


25-A 


Galapagos 


galiciana 


McVaugh 1961 


18U-B 


Najaret 


galilaea 


Boiss. 1853 


552 -D 




gal io ides 


Boiss. i860 


107 




galpini 


Pax 1898 


U33-B 


Afr.austr. 


garanbiensis 


Hayata 1920 




Formosa 


garberi 


Engelm.ex Ghapm. 1897 


158 -B 


Florida 


garberi 


(Small) (1913) 


158 -D 


Florida Key 


gariepina 


Boiss. i860 


3U9 


Afr.austr. 


garkeana 


Boiss. 1862 


119 


Sto .Domingo 


garrullae 


Sennen 1921-2 




Hispan. 


garuana 


N.E. Bro 1912 


323.17 


Cameroons 


gasparrinii 


Boiss. 1862 


U93 


Sicilia 


gatbergensis 


N.E.Br. 1915 


35U-A 


Tembiilonsi Cop' 
land Insxil. 


gaudichaudii 


Boiss. i860 


60 


Marion. 


gaumerii 


Millsp. 1898 




Yucatan 


gayeri 


Boros ex Javorka 192U 




Hungary 


gayi 


Salis . I83U 


628 


Corsica 



19 7U 



JabD.onski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



IhS 



geayi 


Costant.& Gal] . 


150$ 


699 -D 


Madag . 


gedrosiaca 


Rech.f. 


1951 


60)4 -A 


Persia 


g erne 11a 


Lag. 


1816 


U3-D 


Amphig.tr op. 


gemiriata 


(Aito) Mai'loth 


1911 






geminicola 






16U-A 




geminiloba 


Millsp. 


1889 




L.Calif. 


geminispina 


Haw. 




179 


Mexico 


geniculata 


Ortega 


1797 


261 


Am.trop. 


geniculata 


Sasse tt Moc. 


1687-90 


Mexico 


genistoides 


Berg .1 inn .Mant . II 


662 


Afr.austr. 


gentilis 


;4.E.Er„ 


1915 


377-A 


Cape 


gerardiana 


Jacq. 


1778 


658 


Europ, 


gilgiana 


Pax 


1909 


376-k 


Ostafr. 


gilberti 


Berger 


1907 


299 -A 


S.iifr. 


giumboensis 


A.Hassler 


1931 




Somaliland 


glabella 










glaberrima 


Kl. 


1858 


121 


Mexico 


glaberrima 


C.Koch 


18U8 


675 


Caucasus 


glabrata 


Sw. 




20 




glabriflora 


Vis. 


I86h 


519 -A 




gladiosa 


M.E.Jones 


1929 


U6-A 


Mexico 


glanduligera 


Pax 


189U 


103 -B 




glareosa 


Bieb. 




658 -A 




glariosa 


Pall. ex Bieb. 




656 


Europ. or. 


glauca 


Ehrenb.ex Boiss. 


1862 


551 


As.,Afr.trop. 


glauca 


Forst. 




U28 


N.Leb. 


glauca 


Roxb. 




620 


Ind.or. 


glaucella 


Pax 


1898 


255 -A 


Afr.austr. 


glaucescens 


Willd. 


1803 


658 




glaucophylla 


Poir. 


1811 


5 


Afr.trop. 


glaucopoda 


Diels 


1912 


U70-A 


China Yiinnan 


glebulosa 


Coss.(S. Dur, 


1857 


550-x 


Algeria 


globosa 


Sims 


1826 


328- 


Afroaustr. 


globulifera 


H.P.Ko 


1817 


U3 




globulosa 


COSS.& Dur.EoisE 


;.1862 


550 




glochidiata 


Pax 




323-B 


Afrotropo 


glomerata 


Bieb. 




179 


Caucasus 


glomerifera 


(itLllspo) 


1913 


U3-E 


Guatemala 


glome r if era 


Wheeler 


1939 


156 -B 


S.Amer.jFla., 
S.Texas 


glomerulans 


Prokh. 


1933 


6U2-A 




glyptosperma 


Engelm. 


1859 


161 


Mexico 


gmelini 


Steud. 




63U 




goeringii 


Steud.ex Boiss, 


1862 


82 




goetzei 


Pax 


1896 


167-6 


Afrotropo 


goldei 


Prokh o 


19U9 


65 7 -A 


Crimea 


goliana 


Lam. 


1788 


113 


Ins.Borbon 


golisana 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


323-22 


Somaliland 


gollmeriana 


Kl.ex Boisso 


1862 


236 


Venesuela 


golondrina 


Wheeler 


19U0 


32-B 


Texas 


gomesii 


CroiZc 


1935 




Afr.Lusit.Or. 



1U6 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



goodijigii 


(Millspo) 


Jabl. 


(1916) 


lU'P 




gorgonis 


A.Berger 




1910 


35U-B 


Afr.austr. 


gorinii 


Chiov. 




1932 




Somaliland 


goudoti 


Boiss. 




1862 


UII4 


NoGranat. 


gossweileri 


Pax 




1909 


U33-A 


Al'r.trop. 


gossypina 


Pax 




189U 


3 79 -A 


Afr.trop.or. 


goyazensis 


Boiss. 




1860 


230 


Brasil 


gracilior 


Cronquist 




19h9 


391-A 


Georgia 


gracilipes 


Baill. 




1860-1 


28 2 -A 


Ins. Ma. 


graciliramea 


Pax 




1905 


322-A 


Afr.trop. 


gracilis 


Bess.Ind. 




1816 


638 




gracilis 


Ell. 






391-B 




gracilis 


Loisel 






633 




gracilis 


Pav.ex Moq. 




269 




gracillima 


S.Wats. 




1886 


77 -A 


Arizona, Mexico 


graeca 


Boiss. & Sprim. 


18U2 


571 


Graec.jAs.min. 


graminea 


Jacq. 




1788 


18U 


Am.centr. 


graminea 


Koenig.ex 


Boiss. 


1862 


620 




graminea 


Schlecht.& Cham. 


1830 


192 




graminifolia 


Will. 






633 




graminifolia 


Michx, 






26 2 -B 




grandialata 


Dyer 




1937 


331-E 


Transvaal . 


grandicornis 


Goebel 




1889 


331-C 


Afr.austr.? 


grandidens 


Haw. 




1825 


310 


Afr.austr. 


grandidens 


Goebel 






331-C 




grandidieri 


Baill. 




1886 


110-C 


Madag « 


grandifolia 


Haw. 






296 




grandilobata 


Chiov „ 








Somali., Ital. 


grandis 


Lem. 




1857 


3ie-c 




graniticola 


Leach 




I96U 


323-25 


Mozambique 


grant ii 


Oliver 




1875 


U33-H 


Afr.trop., 
Unyanyembe 


granulata 


Forsk . 




1775 


98 


Afr.as.trop. 


graveolens 


N.E.Er. 




1915 


U33-C 


Little Namago 


greenei 


Millsp. 




1890 


161 -A 


Idaho 


gregaria 


Mar loth 




1910 


3 78 -A 


Afr.austr. 


gregersenii 


K.Maly ex 


G.Beak 


: 1920 


U81-A 


Bosnia 


greggii 


Engelih.ex 


Boiss. 


, 1862 


583 


Mexico 


griffithii 


Hook.f. 




1887 


lUl-A 


Himal. 


grisea 


Engelm.ex 


Boiss. 


, 1862 


130 


Mexico, Texas 


griseola 


Pax 




1905 


323-25 


Afr.austr. 


grosser! 


Pax 




I90I4 


Ii33-V 




groenwaldii 


Dyer 




1938 


223 -c 




grossheimii 


Prokh. 




1930' 


U3U-A 




guachanca 


Azara ex ; 


Steud. 




3 58 -A 


Peruvia 


guadala j arana 


S.Wats. 




1887 




Mexico 


guadalupensis 


Howell 




1933 




Baja Calif. 


guanarensis 


Pittier 




1929 


73 -F 


Venezuela 


guateraulensis 


Standi. &. 


Steyer. 


, I9UU 


219 -B 




gueinzii 


Boiss. 




1862 


257 


Afr.austr. 


guerichiana 


Pax 




189U 


3 78 -A 


Afr.austr. occ. 



19 7U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



11x1 



guestii 


Blakelock 


19U2 


539-A 


Iraq.jAs.Min 


guilielmi 


A.Gray 


1858-9 627 


Japan 


guillauminiana 


Boiteau 


19U2 


323-56 


Madag . 


guillemetii 


Ursch.&Leandri 


1955 


288 -E 


Cult. 


guineensis 


Brot. 


18^3 


179 


Afr.trop. 


gujTunifera 


Boiss, 


i860 


378 


Afr.austr. 


gundlachii 


Urb. 


1908 


166 -C 


Cuba 


gimtensis 


Prokh. 


1933 


339-C 




gussoneana 


Lojacono 


1907 


530-A 


Sicil. 


gutemalaensis 


Standi. &. Steyerm.l9UU 


219 -B 


Guatemala 


gxiyoniana 


Boiss. & Reut. 


1852 


5U6 


Algena 


gymnadenia 


Urb. 


1908 


1U3-B 


Cuba 


gymnoclada 


Boiss. 


i860 


23U 




gymnoclada 


jingelm. 


1861-2 


222 


Calif. 


gymnonota 


Urb. 


1908 


Uio 


Bahamas 


gynophora 


Pax 


190U 


382-C 


Afr.trop. 


gypsicola 


Rech.f. 


1951 


566 -A 


Persia 



hadramautica 


Baker 


189U 


32U-B 


Arabia 


haeleeleana 


Herbst 


1971 






haematantha 


Boiss. 


1862 


225 


Ecuador 


haematodes 


Boiss. 


1862 


179 


Ecuador 


hainanensis 


Croiz. 


19U0 


282-C 


China, Hawaii 


hakutosanensis 


Hurusawa 


19U0 




Corea 


halacsyi 


Formansk 


189U-5 




Eur op. or. 


halemanui 


Sherff. 


1936 


1-D 


Hawaii 


halleri 


D inter 


1937 


3 79 -A 


Afr.austr. occ. 


hallii 


Dyer 


1953 




Cape Prov. 


halophila 


Mig. 




8 


Malabar 


halophila 


Bornm.& Gauba 


1939 


U36 


Persia 


hamata 


Sweet 




351 


Afr.austr. 


handiensis 


Burchard 


19U2 


3IU-A 


Ins.Canar. 


hararensis 


Pax 


1907 


3I6-A 


Abyss. 


harmandii 


Gagnep . 


1921 


58 -A 


Laos, Cambodia 


hartwegiana 


Boiss. 


1862 


85 


Mexico 


hasslerisLna 


Chod. 


1901 


170 -D 


Paraguay 


hastisquama 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


271-C 


Cape 


haussknechtii 


Boiss, 


1866 


539 


Europ.,Asia, 
Arabia 


havanensis 


Willd.ex Boiss. 




262 


Amer.bor.austr 


haworthii 


Sweet 




3U2 


Cape 


haworthii 


Sweet 




519 


Europ.austr. 


hebecarpa 


Boiss. 


18U6 


635 


Persia 


hebegyne 


Pax & K.Hoffm. 


1937 


173 -A 


Rio Gr.Sul 


hedyotoides 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


551-A 


Afr.trop. or. 


heldreichii 


Orph.ex Boiss. 


1859 


685 


Graecia 


helenae 


Urb. 


1908 


UI3-D 


Cuba 



ikQ 


PHYTOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


heleniana 


Thellung & Stapf 1916 


103 -E 


S.Helena 


helicothele 


Lem. 


1657 


293 


India or. 


helioscopia 


Haussk.ex BoisSo 


1866 


53 9 -A 


Aleppo 


helioscopia 


Linn. 


1753 


658 


Europ.jAs.bor. 


helioscopioides 


Losc.& Pard. 




539 


Aragonia 


helioscopioides 


Blatter 


1933 




Ind.or.Waziristan 


helleri 


Millsp. 


1698 




Texas 


helwigii 


Urb.& Ekman 


1929 


80-J 


Haiti 


hepatica 


Urb.& Ekman 


1929 


116 -c 


Ind.occo 


heptagona 


Linn. 


1753 


337 


Afr.austr. 


heptagona 


Munro 






Ind.or 


heraldiana 


(Millsp o) 


(1916) 


6 75 -A 




hercegovina 


G.Beck 


1920 




Hercegov 


hereroensis 


Pax 


1689 


238 




hermentiana 


Lem. 


1858 


3 06 


Afr.tropo 


hernandez -pache 


coi Caballero 


1935 




Marocc, 


herniariaefolia 


Willd. 




6li4 


As.min. 


herniaroides 


Nutt. 


1837 


80 




herpetorriza 


Prokho 


1933 


612 -B 




herrei 


A.VJhite 


19U1 


352 -B 


Afr.austFo 


herronii 


Riddel 




260 




herteri 


Arech. 


1910 




Uruguay 


heteracantha 


Pax 




323-15 


Afr.trop. 


heteradena 


Boiss.& Buhse. 


i860 


60U 


Persia bor. 


heteradena 


Jaub.S: Spach 




U3U 


Persia, Ispaha. 


heterantha 


Nutt. 


1837 


177 


Ark ans,, Texas 


heterochroma 


Pax 


1895 


3 18 -A 


Germ.EoAfr. 


heterodoxa 


Kull.Argo 


18 7U 


535-A 


Brasil 


heterophylla 


Desf. 




625 


Reg .Medit , 


heterophylla 


LinnoAmoena 


1753 


262 


Amer.bor.austr. 


heteropoda 


Pax 




325-B 


Afr.trop. 


hexadenia 


Denis 


1921 


28 2 -F 


Madag . 


hexagona 


Nutt. 




177 


Texas 


heyneana 


Boiss. 


l862pp lOU 


India or. 


heyiana 


Spreng. 




80 


India or. 


hiberna 


Lepech 




503 


Europo 


hiberna 


Welw.ex Nyman 




513 


Lusitania 


hibernica 


Spreng . 




U81 


Europ. 


hieroglyph ica 


Coss.& Duro 


1862 


566 


Algeria 


hiero solymit ana 


Bois?. 


1853 


516 


Syria 


hillebrandii 


Baillon 


1886 


3 -A 


Madag . 


himalayensis 


Boiss. 


1862 


U39 


Reg .Himalaya 


himalayensis 


Kl. 




U39 


Reg .Himalaya 


hinds iama 


Benth. 




2U6 


Calif. 


hinkleyorum 


Johnst, 


192U 


3 96 -A 


Peru, Argentina 


hirsuta 


Kit. ex Boiss o 


1862 


U5U 


Europ. 


hirsuta 


Schur. 


1853 


637 


Europ. 


hirta 


Linn, 


1753 


U3-G 


Florida,Amer.tr, 


hirtella 


Boiss. 


i860 


55 


Brasil 


hirtula 


Engelm.ex S.Wats 


J.1880 


127-A 


Calif. 


hislopii 


N.E.Bro 


1913 




Madag.? 



197li 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



lh9 



hispida 


Boiss. 


i860 


111 


Reg. Himalaya 


hoffmanniana 


Boisso 


1862 


383 


Costa Rica 


hohenackeri 


Hochst.ex Boiss o 




658 


Europ. 


hohenackeri 


Orph.ex Boiss. 


1859 


65I4 


Gracea 


holstii 


Pax 


169U 


382-A 




homophylla 


Lange ex Boiss. 


1862 


658 


Europo 


hookeri 


Steudo 


16U0 


5 


Hawaii 


hookeri 






125 -A 




horombensis 


Ursch.& Leandri 


1955 


288 -E 




horrida 


Boiss. 


1860 


3UO 


Afr.austr. 


hortensis 


Engelm.ex Boiss o 




138 


Chili 


hottentotta 


Marloth 


1930 


318-7 


Namaqualand 


huachsinhana 


Ruiz ex Kl.Gke. 


1860- 


71 399 


Boliv.jArg. 


huanchanhana 


Boiss. 


1862 


399 


Peru 


huberti 


Pax 


1911 


318-G 


Afr.Brit.oro 


huillensis 


Pax 




616 -B 


Afr.trop. 


humayensis 


T.S.Brandegee 


1905 


191 -A 


Mexico 


humbertii 


Denis 


1922 


290 


Madag . 


humbertiana 


Maire 


193U 




Marocc. 


humboldtii 


Willd. 


1809 


18U 


Mexico, Amer, 
centr. 


humifusa 


Hort.ex Boiss, 


1862 


138 


Chili 


huraifusa 


Willd. 


1813 


82 


Ural 


Humilis 


C.A.Meyo 


1833 


607 


Siberia 


humilis 


Royle 




362 


Himalaya 


humistrata 


Engelm.ex Gray 


1855 


lii3 


Amer.boro 


huttonae 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


35U-H 


Cape 


hybema 


Linn. 


1753 


U8l 


Europ 


hybema 


Viv. 




U82-A 




hydnorae 


E.Mey. 




369 


Afr.austr. 


hylonoma 


Hand.-Mazz. 


1931 




China 


hypericifolia 


Auct. 


1967 


51 




y^rpericifolia 


Hochst.ex Boiss o 


1967 


51 




hypericifolia 


Linn. 


1753 


$1 




hypericifolia 


Phil. ex Kl.M}ke„ 


i860 


1U2 




hypogaea 


Marloth 


1910 


326-E 


Afr.austr, 


hypoleuca 


Prokh. 


1933 


659 -A 




Y^Tcana 


Grossheim 


1920 




Caucasus 


h^ssopifolia 


Linn. 


1759 


5U-C 


Jamaica 


hystrix 


Jacq. 


1778 


3U7 


Afr.austr. 


hystrix 


Marloth 


1915 


327-A 





150 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



iberica 


Boiss. 


i860 


61;5 


Reg.Cauc. 


idzuensis 


Nakal ex Hiirusawa 19U0 


62U-A 


Manzuria 


illyrica 


Lam. H.Ro 


1817 


U5U 


Europ.austr. 


imaii 


Hurusawa 


19liO 




Corea 


imbricata 


E.A.Bruce 


1933 


589 -A 


Tanganika Terr. 


imbricata 


Sesse & Moc, 


1891; 




Cuba 


imbricata 


Wahl. 




589 


Lusitania 


imitata 


NoE.Br. 


1911 


323-11 


Angola 


imperfoliata 


Vis 




6UU-A 


Dalmatia 


implexa 


Stapf . 


1908 


3 79 -A 


Af r .trop. Uganda 


impressa 


Chiov.in Nuov, 


1929 




Abyss. 


inaequalis 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


80-A 


Somaliland 


inaequalis 


(Kl.Gke)(Millspo)l9lU 


166 -K 




inae qu ilat e r a 


Engelra. 


1859 


103 -A 




inaequilatera 


Sond. 


1850 


103 




inaequispina 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


323-21 


Somaliland 


inappendiculata 


Domin 


1927 


159 -A 


N.VJ. Australia 


inarticulata 


Schweinf o 






Arabia 


incana 


Schur 


1852 


6U2 




incerta 


Brand. 


1891 


U-c 


L.Calif. 


inciformis 


Sesse & Moc. 


I89ii 




Mexico 


incisa 


Engelmo 


i860 


586 


Arizona 


inclinata 


HortoBx Boiss. 


1862 


138 




incompta 


Cesati 


1838 


503 




inconspicua 


Ballo 


1875 


550-Y 


Marocc . 


inconstant ia 


Ilyer 


1931 




Cape Provo 


inculta 


Bally 


196U 


323020 


Somaliland 


incurva 


NoE.Bro 


1911 


3 80-A 


Afr.trop.or. 


indecora 


N.EoBr. 


1915 


271-B 


Little Namaq. 


inderiensis 


Less. 


18U2 


385 




indica 


Lam. 


1786 


U9 




indica 


Wallo 




51 


Arizona, Mexico 


indivisa 


Engelm. 


1859 


166 -N 




indivisa 


(Millspo) 


(1911a) 






inelegans 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


378-0 


Griqualand 


inelegans 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


378 -C 


Afr.trop.or. 


inermis 


Mill.GardoDict 




326-B 


Hab.? 


inennis 


Pane. ex Boiss » 


1866 


Ii92-A 




infausta 


NoE.Br. 


1912 


317 


Erythrea 


infausta 


NoE.Br. 


1915 


332-A 


Afr.austr. 


inflexa 


Urb.& Eckman 


1929 


80-1 


Haiti 


ingallsii 


(Small) 


(1903) 


72 -A 




ingens 


EoMey. 


1835 


331 


Afr.austr. 


ingezalahiana 


Ursch.& Leandri 




290-D 


Cult. 


innocus 


Wheeler 


1939 




Texas 


inometa 


N.E.Br. 




326-M 




inopina 


Wheeler 


19U1 


156-A 


Texas 


insarmentosa 


P.G.Mey. 


1966 


352-B 


G.SW. Africa 


insulaesalis 


(Millsp.) 


(191U) 


5U-F 


Bahamas 


ins\ilae -eur opae 


! Pax 


1909 


323-X 


Insul.Mascar. 


insulana 


Veil. 


1825 


206 


Brasil 



197U 



Jablonaki, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



151 



insularis 


Boiss. 


1860 


1,82 


Corsica 


interaxillaris 


Kern. 


lyoi 


131-A 


Mexico 


intercedens 


Pax 




318-1 


Afr.trop. 


intercedens 


Podpera 


1922 




CzechosloVo 


intermedia 


Brebiss. 


192ii 


637 


Gallia 


intermedia 


Fisch.& Mey. 


1862 


615 




intermedia 


HochstoBX Boiss. 


1862 


103 




intermedia 


Engelm. 




75 


Arkansas 


intermijcta 


S.Wats. 


1889 


81-c 


Mexico 


intisi 


Drake 


1900 


373-C 


Madag. 


inundata 


Torr.cx Chapm. 


i860 


393 


Florida 


invaginata 


Croiz. 


I9I43 


236 -A 


Parag. 


involucrata 


E.Mey. 


1862 


666 


Afr.austr. 


involucrata 


V;all„Cat.7696 






Reg.Himalo 


involuta 


Millspo 


1889 


16 7 -B 


Calif. 


ipecacuanha 


L 




391 


Amer.bor. 


irgisensis 


Litw. 


1922 




Rossia,Asia, 
Turcia 


isalensis 


Leandri 


I9I46 


UU9 


Hispan. 


isaloensis 


Drake 


1737 


323-61 


Hoh Cliff 


isatidifolia 


Lem. 


1788 


hh9 




isatis 


Pers. 




UI;9 


Madag . 


isaurica 


Khan. 


196U 


6lh-A 




isophylla 


Bo mm. 


1908 


605 -A 


F.lburs. 


ispahanica 


Boiss. 


I8h6 


U3U 


Persia 


issykkulensis 


Prokh. 


1933 


UiiU-A 




isthmia 


V.Tackh. 


1932 


Ii33-B 


Aegiptjiraq. 


italica 


Lam. iincycl.2. 


1788 


569 


Italia 


italica 


Salzm.ex Boiss. 




569 




italica 


Tineo 


1802 


625 




iteophylla 


Boiss. 


i860 


675 


Reg.Cauc. 



jacquemontii 


Boiss. 


1662 


UU2 


RegoHimal 


jacquini 


Fenzl.ex Boiss. 


1862 


537 


Hab.? 


jaquiniaeflora 


Hook. 




2U7 


Mexico 


jaegeriana 


Pax 


1909 


378-13 


Afr.trop, 


Jaliscensis 


Robins & Greenm. 


I89U 


262 -A 


Mexico 


jajnesonii 


Boiss. 


i860 


88 


Ecuador 


jansenvillensis 


Nelo 


1935 




Afr.austr 


japonica 


Siebold ex Boiss 


. 1866 


U75 


Japan 


japonica 


Zoll.ex Boisso 


1862 


658 -A 




japygica 


Tenore 




655 




jaroslavii 


P.Poljakov 


1953 


UU7-B 


As.centr, 


jatrophoides 


Pax 




3 79 -A 


Afr.trop. 


javanica 


Jungh. 


18U5 


623 


Java 


jaxartica 


Prokh. 


1937 


63U-A 





152 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



jej\ma 


MoC. Johns. 


i960 


120 -A 


Texas 


jenningsii 


(Millspo) 


(1916) 


Ili9-G 


Cuba 


Johnsonii 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


323-13 


Port .East Afr 


jolkini 


Boiss.cent. 


1860 


h75 


Japan 


jcnesii 


MillspoPittonia 


1890 


153 -A 


Arizona 


juba phylla 


Svent. 


i960 


37U-A 


Ins.Canar. 


jubata 


Leach 


1961 




Zambia 


jucula 


Prodan 


1953 


63 7 -A 


Transyl. 


juglans 


Compton 


1935 




Afr.austr. 


juncea 


Jacq. 


iBOh 


5U7 


Med it. 


juncoides 


Fteud. 




5U7-A 




juniperifolia 


Rich. ex Boiss. 


1866 


651 




juttae 


D inter 


I91U 


352 -A 


Afr.austroocc 


juvcklanti 


Pax 




296 


Afr.tropo 



kahirensis 


Rausch. 


1930 


U33 




kalaharica 


Marloth 






Cape Prov. 


kaleniczenkii 


Czernoex Irautw, 


, 188U 




As.bor.or. 


kamerunica 


Pax 




323-21 


Afr.tropo 


kanalensis 


Boisso 


1666 


U3I-A 


NoCaled, 


kanaorica 


Boiss, 


1662 


611 


Himal , 


kansuensis 


Prokho 


1926 




Tibet, Kansu 


karoi 


Freyn. 


1896 


63 7 -A 


Sibir. 


karroensis 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


272-A 




karwinski 


Boiss 


i860 


UU 




kaschgarica 


Kegel. 


1879 




Turkestan 


kassneri 


Pax 


I90U 


257-A 


Afr.trop. 


katjarensis 


Gage 


I91U 


62 -A 


Bombay 


kazerouni 


Parsa 


I9I48 




Persia 


keithii 


R.A.Cyer 


1951 


331-CC 


Svraziland 


kelleri 


Pax 




323-C 


Afr.austr. 


kemulariae 


Ter-Chatschat 


1963 




Trariscauc. 


kerneri 


Huter 






Europ.austr. 


kerrii 


Graib. 


1911 


281 -A 


Siam 


kerstingii 


Pax 




15U-A 


Afr.trop, 


keyensis 


(Small) Jablo 


(1928) 


20-J 


Florida 


khandallensis 


Blatter -^c Hallb, 


. 1921 




Bombay 


khasyana 


Boiss. 


1862 


U70 


Himal. 


kibwezensis 


N.E.Br, 


1912 


32^-C 


Afr. Brit, or. 


kilimandscharica Pax 


1892 


615 


Afr.trop, or. 


kilwana 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


15U-B 


Afr.trop, or. 


kischenensis 


Vierh, 


1907 


80-A 


Socotra 


klotzschiana 


Wiq. 


1851 


5U-A 




knobelii 


Letty 


19 ?U 


31?-A 


Transvaal. 


knuthii 


Pax 


1905 


323-lU 


Afr.austr, 


komarowiana 


Prokh. 


19li9 


uue-k 


Sibir. or. 



197li 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



153 



kopetdagensls 


Korovin ex Prokh.1933 


659 -A 


Asia Med, 


kopetdaghi 


Prokh, 1933 


6 58 -A 


Asia Med. 


korovini 


PavJovo 1933 




Turkestan 


kotschyana 


Fenzl. 


678 


Asomin. 


kovandansis 


Heille ex Cheval,1920 




Dahomey 


kozlovi 


Prokh, 1926 




Mcngol^Kansu 


kralickii 


Cos3. Ifi89 




Afr.bor, 


kraussiana 


Bernh. I8I45 


153 -A 




kudrjaschevii 


(Pazij) Prokh, 19U9 


U91-A 




kunzei 


Boisso.'/ Hausok. 1879 


610 -A 




kuriensis 


Vierh. 1905 


157-B 


Socotra 


kurioca 


Bornno 1939 


U3U-A 




ku^waleana 


Dagmer & Sherff , 1959 


3-D 


Ha'waii 


kwebensis 


N.Z.Br, 1909 


255-A 


Afr.tropo 



labbei 


Leveille 


1913 


U3-K 


China 


lacei 


Craib 


1911 


302 -A 


Burma 


lacera 


Roiss. 


i860 


180 


Mexico 


lactea 


Haw. 


1812 


308 


Ind.or, 


lactea 


Roxb. 






Ins.Molucc. 


lactiflua 


Philippi 




36U 


Chili 


laeta 


Ait. 




U27 




laeta 


Heyne 




620 




laevigata 


Lam, 


1788 


695 


Brasil 


laevigata 


Vahl. 




7 




laevis 


vide levis 








lagascae 


Spreng , 


1861 


U57 


Sardinia, Hi span 


lagascae 


Sprun. 




157 


Graecia 


lagunillarum 


Croiz. 


1967 


236-B 


Venezuala 


laniarckii 


Sweet 




365 




Iambi 


Svent . 


i960 


U3I-3 


Ins, Can ar. 


lamprocarpa 


Prokh. 


1933 


U5U 




lanata 


Sieber 


1326 


390 


Syria, Persia 


lanata 


Glaziou 


1912-3 


Ul-A 


Brazii(Goyaz) 


lanceolaria 


Herb. Heyne 




620-A 




lanceolata 


T.Liou 


1931 




China 


lanceolata 


Spreng. 




5 51 -A 




lanceolata 


Rottler 


1826 


551 




lanceolata 


Phil. 


IRQ? 


396-X 


Chili 


lanceolata 


Larranaga 


1923 




Uruguay 


lancifolia 


Schlecht, 


1832 


20 7 -A 


Mexico 


lanifera 


Haw. 




179 


Mexico 


lansingii 


(Millsp,) 


(1913) 


U3-H 


Illinois 


lanuginosa 


Lam, 


1788 


a 56 


France 


lanuginosa 


Thuill. 




525 




laredana 


Millsp. 


l8904i IhU-C 


Texas 



I51i 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no, 2 



larica 


Boiss, 


i860 


376 


Persia 


laro 


Drake 


1899 


3 73 -A 


Madag . 


lasiocarpa 


Kl. 


I8h3 


53 


Mexico 


lasiocarpa 


C.Koch 


18U8 


U60 


IndoOcc. 


lasiocaula 


Boiss. 


1866 


U7U-A 




lata 


Engelm. 


1859 


32 


Texas 


latazi 


H.B.Ko 


1817 


U12 


N .Granat . 


latericolor 


Brandegee 


1913 


2U7 


Mexico 


lateriflora 


Jaub.& Spacho 


18U5 


U17 




lateriflora 


Schiim.fi Thonn, 




372 


Afr.trop. 


lathyris 


Georgi 




hU5 




lathyris 


Linn, 




38U 


Auropoaustr, 


latifolia 


Giildenst.ex Ledeb. 


633 -A 


Rossia 


latifolia 


(Hohen) Boiss. 


i860 


6U5-A 




latifolia 


C.A.Mey. 


1830 


638 


Siber. 


latifolia 


Salzm.ex Boiss. 




569 




lat imammillar i s 


; Groiz. 


1932-3 


33U-B 


Afr.austr. 


laurentii 


De¥ild. 


1908 


296 


Afr.trop. 


laurifolia 


Lara. 


1788 


Ul5 


Peru 


laxiflora 


Kuntze 


1898 


3UU 


Afr.austr. 


leandriana 


Boiteau 


19U2 


290-B 


Madag . 


lecheoides 


Millspo 


1906 


20 -D 


India occ. 


ledebourii 


Boiss o 


i860 


565 


Tauria 


1 ede rmann iana 


P. & H. 


1910 


U33-C 


Afr„tropo 


ledienii 


A. Berg. 


1907 


339-A 


Afr.austr. 


lehmajiniana 


Pax 


1899 


619 -A 


Colombia 


lehnibachii 


Pax 


1901 


6I6-B 


Afr.trop. 


leiococca 


Norton 


1900 


53 3-D 


Amer ,bor. 


leiosperraa 


Boiss. 


i860 


9 -A 




leiosperma 


Sibth.ic Snio 




625 




lemaireana 


Boiss. 


1862 


303 -A 


Afr.trop. 


leonardii 


(Burch) 


(1966) 


IU3-C 


Haiti 


leonensis 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


296 -B 


Sierra Leona 


lepidocarpa 


Pax 


(1905?) 


323-12 


Afr.tropo 


leptalea 


Schauer 


I8i;7 


18U 


Mexico 


leptocaula 


Boiss. 


1862 


630 


Rossia 


leptocera 


Engelm. 


1857 


56U 


Am.bor.occo 


leptoclada 


Balf. 


188U 


169 -E 


Ins.Socotra 


leptonorura 


Baillon 


1912 




Madag . 


leptophylla 


Vill, 




633 




leshumensis 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


97-A 


Rhodesia 


leucantha 


Boiss. 


1862 


135 


Mexico, Cuba, Fla 


leucocephala 


Lotsy 


1895 


219 -A 


Guatem. 


leucodendron 


Drake 


1903 


373-B 


Madag . 


leucochlamis 


Chiov. 


1929 


323-26 


Somaliland 


leucoloma 


Rafin. 


1833 


227 




leuconeura 


Boiss. 


1862 


287 


Madag . 


leucophylla 


Benth . 


I8U4 


16U 


Calif. 


leucotricha 


Boiss. 




530 




leviama 


Croiz . 


I93U 


335-A 




levis 


Poir. 




7 





197li 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbianim 



155 



libassi 


Lojacono 


1907 


101 -A 


Sicil. 


lignosa 


Marloth 


1909 


2 71 -A 


Afr.austr. 


ligularia 


Roxb . 


1801 


292-C 




ligulata 


Chaub „ 




673 




ligustrina 


Boiss, 


i860 


220 


Hispan. 


liliputana 


Wright 


1866 


Ih9-A 


Cuba 


linaria 


Link 




62$ 




linarioides 


Poir. 




519 




lindeniana 


A.Rich 


1850 


166 




lindheimeriana 


Engelm.ex Boiss, 




562 




linearifolia 


Roth, 




9U 


Ind.or. 


linearifolia 


Willd.Lamo 


1788 


519 




linearifolia 


(Millsp.) 


(1913) 


U16-A 


Cuba 


linearis 


Heyne eXoRoth 




9U 




linearis 


Heyne 




9U 




linearis 


Retz. 


1783 


21 


Ind,occ. 


linearis 


Schrank 


1820 


U33-A 




lineata 


S.Wats. 


1886 


U7-A 


Mexico 


lingiana 


Shih. 


1963 




China 


linguiformis 


McVaugh 


1961 


12U-A 


Mexico 


lingulata 


Heuff, 


1858 


U95 




1 in i folia 


Burnio 




66U-B 


Afr,austro 


linifolia 


Herb.Russ. 




623 -A 




linifolia 


JacQo 




519 




linifolia 


Tenor e 




575 




linifolia 


Vahl 




269 




linifolia 


Wall. 




62h 




lipskyi 


Prokho 


1938 


U97-B 




literata 


Jacq, 




525 




litoralis 


H.3.K0 


1817 


20 




litoralis 


Noe 




575 


Reg. Med it. 


litoralis 


Sesse & Moc. 


189U 


575-A 


Porto Rico 


litorea 


Miq.ex Boiss. 


1862 


396 




litwinowii 


Prokho 


1932 


612 




liukiuensis 


Hay at a 


1920 




Formosa 


livida 


CA.Mey. 


1862 


16 


Afr.austr. 


lividiflora 


Leach 


I96U 


3 79 -A 


Mozambique 


loandensis 


N.E.Br, 


1911 


158 -A 


Angola 


lockharti 


Steud. 




262 




lohaensis 


Baill. 


1887 




Ma dago 


loiseleuria 


Rouy 


1910 


658 -A 


Gallia 


lombardensis 


Nel. 


1933 




Cape Prov. 


longecorniculata Kitamura 


1958 


601 -B 


Afgan. 


longecornuta 


Pax 


1892 


3 16 -A 


Afr,trop. 


longecornuta 


S.Vats. 


1890 




Mexico 


longeramosa 


S,Wats. 


1890 




Mexico 


longetuberculat 


a Boiss. 


1866 


325-A 




longetuberculosa Hochsto 




32U 


Abyss. 


longebracteata 


D.C.fl.Fr. 




573 




longepetiolata 


M.E.Jones 


1933- 


5 633 -A 


Mexico 


longeradiata 


Lapeyr , 




708 





156 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol, 28, no. 2 



longibracteata 


Pax 


1893 


3 25 -A 


Afroaustro 


longicruris 


Scheele 


18U9 


562 


Texas 


longifolia 


Baillosx Boisso 


1862 


289 




longifolia 


DoDon, 




U69 


Reg.Himal. 


longifolia 


Giildenst <. 




630 




longifolia 


Lam. 


1788 


U19 




longipetiolata 


P + H 


1910 


619-3 


Afr.trop, 


longifpila 


Rusby 


1907 


223 -B 


Bolivia 


longiradiata 


Lapeyr . 




708 


Mont.Pyren. 


longispina 


Chiovo 


1929 


301 


Somaliland 


longistyla 


BoisSo 


i860 


39 


IndoOr. 


lophogona 


Lam. 


1788 


288 


Madag „ 


lorentii 


Hochst, 




657 




lorentzii 


KulloArgo 


18 7U 


13 9 -A 


Reg. Argent . 


loreyei 


Jard. 




637 




loricata 


Lam, 


1788 


3U7 


Afr. north 


lorifolia 


Hillebr. 


1888 


2-C 


Hawaii 


louisii 


J.Thieb, 


19U8 




Syria 


lucida 


Auct.eXoBoisSo 


1862 


6U3 




lucida 


Waldst.& Kit. 


1802 


6U6 


Moravia 


lucidissima 


Leveille & Vaniot 1906 




China 


luciismithii 


Robinson & Greenm.1896 


16U-C 


Mexico 


lucorujn 


Rupr.in Maxim 


1859 


h73 


Reg. Amur. 


ludoviciana 


Rafin, 




81 




lugubris 


Chabert 


1900 




Europ, 


luisensis 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 


90 -A 




ludelliana 


Croiz. 


19U3 


UlO-A 


Mexico (Chiapos) 


lunulata 


Bunge 




6hl 


China 


lupatensis 


N.E.Bro 


1911 


98 -B 


Afro,Lusit,or, 


lupulina 


Boiss, 


i860 


235 


N.Grant. 


lurida 


Engelm.in Ives 


i860 


395 


Califo 


lusitanica 


Steud. 




709 


Lusitan, 


lutea 


Alam.ex Boiss. 


1862 


259 




luteola 


GasSo&L Durr. 


1862 


59U 


Algeria 


lutescens 


C.A.Mey. 




U89 


Sibir, 


luticola 


HandoMazz, 


1931 




China 


lutulenta 


(Croiz,) 


(19U6) 


120^ 


Uruguay 


lutzenbergiana 


Croiz. 


1967 


236-A 


VeneZoCult. 


luzoniensis 


Merrill 


1920 




Luzon 


lycia 


Boiss 


1862 


68U 


Lycia 


lycioides 


Boisso 


i860 


233 


Brasil 


lyciopsis 


Pax 


1895 


38 2 -D 


Afrotrop.or, 


lyndenburgensis 


1 Schweickerdt 


1933 


3 16 -A 


Transvaal . 


lyttoniana 


Dexter 


1935 




Hort, 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



157 





1 


•M" 






maackii 


Meinshaus 


188U 




Sibir. 


macella 


N.E.Br. 


191$ 


271-B 


Cape 


machrisiae 


Steyerm, 


1958 




Goyaz . 


raacgillivrayi 


Boixx. 


1862 


66 


Australia 


macinensis 


Prodaji 


1953 


658 -A 


Rumania 


macowani 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


325^ 


Hope 


macra 


Hiern. 




255-B 


Afr.trop, 


macraulonia 


Philo 


1895 


396-C 


Chili 


macrocarpa 


Boixxoic Buhse 


i860 


U91 


Persia 


macroceraa 


Fisch.& Mey. 


1837 


676 


Reg.Caucas. 


macroclada 


Boiss. 


18UU 


657 




macroglypha 


Lem. 


1857 


307 




macrophylla 


Pax 


189U 


h67-C 


Afr.trop, 


macropodoides 


Robins & Greenm. 


. 1895 




Maxico 


macropus 


Boiss, 


1862 


176 


Mexico 


macrorhiza 


C.A.Mey. 


1830 


U87 


Sibir. 


macrorhiza 


Pall ex Ledeb. 




UhS 




macrorrhiza 


Glaziou 


1912 


17U-A 


Goyaz „ 


macrostegia 


Boiss. 


1862 


679 




maculata 


Linn. 


1753 


156 


U.S. 


maculata 


Linn. Mantissa 


1771 


156 




maculata 


Anders , 


1853 


25 




raadagascariensis Comm.&: Lam. 


1788 


288 




maddeni 


Boiss. 


1862 


555 


Reg.Hamil. 


magdalenae 


Benth. 


I8i4li 


111; 


Calif. 


maglicensis 


Rohlena 


1912 




Montenegro 


magnidens 


Haw, 




310 




magnimamma 


Haw. 




179 


Mexico 


mahafalensis 


Denis 


1921 


290-c 


Madag , 


mainiana 


H.Poisson 


1912 




Madag. 


mainty 


(Poiss.),Denis 


1935 


373-D 


Madag . 


mairei 


Leveille 


1913 


63 7 -H 


China, Yunnan 


raakinoi 


Hayata 


1911 




Formosa 


malaca 


(Small) 


(1903) 


156-E 


Ind.,Tenn.,La,, 
Texas 


malacitana 


Pau 


19U1 




Hispan» 


malacophylla 


Clarke 




390 




maleolens 


Phillips 


1932 


326-G 


Transvaal. 


malevola 


Leach 


I96U 




Zambia, Rhodesia 


malleata 


Boiss o 


1862 


603 


Persia 


malurensis 


Rech.fo 


1963 


60U-C 


Afghan . 


malvana 


Mairy 


19U0 




Marocc, 


mamillosa 


Lem. 




297 


Hab,? 


mamillaris 


Linn. 


1753 


33U 


Afr.austr, 


majumillaris 


Tremant 








mananarensis 


Leandri 


19U5 


288 -A 


Madag . 


manca 


Nels. 


1909 


56U-B 




mancinella 


Baill. 


1886 


283 -A 


Madag. 


mandoniana 


Boiss. 


1866 


223 -A 


Bolivia 


mandriavioky 


Leandri 


1958 


323-67 





158 



PHYTGLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



majidshurica 


Maxim. 


1883 


6U6-A 


Songar .Mandshur . 


mangleti 


Urb.Fedde 


1930 


80^ 


Cuba 


mangoryensis 


Leandri 


19U$ 


290-D 


Madag . 


mareskii 


Knoche 


1922 


61U-A 


Isl.Balsares 


marginata 


HoBoK. 


1817 


228 




raarg inata 


Pursh 


l8lh 


227 


Amer.bor. 


marienthali 


Dinter 


1921 


3 26 -A 




marilandica 


Green 


1898 


239 -A 


Amer.bor, 


mariolensis 


Rouy 


1889 


500 -A 


Hispan, 


maritima 


S.FoGray 




71-A 




maritima 


Willdoex Boisso 


1867 


73 




marlothii 


Pax 


1889 


3 25 -A 


Afr.austr. 


marlothiana 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


326-C 


occ.extratrop. 


max'schalliana 


Boiss. 


18U6 


691 


A s.min., Persia 


mar s challiana 


Kotschy ex Bois! 


3,1862 


686 




marshii 


(Small) 


(1903) 


73 -A 


Florida 


martini 


Rouy 


1900 


680 -A 




martiusiana 


Steud. 




U57 




masafuerae 


Phil, 


1856 


696 




massiliensis 


DGo 




101 -B 




matabelensis 


A.Zahlbro 


1900 


379-B 


Afr.austr, 


mathewsii 


(Small) 


(1933) 


IU3-A 


Florida 


matritensis 


Boiss, 


i860 


590 


Hispan. 


mauritiana 


(Comm.) 


(1921) 


366 




maiiritanica 


Lam. 


1788 


365 




mauritanica 


Linn, 


1753 


366-B 


Afr.austr. 


mauritanica 


Webb 




U3U 




mayana 


Millsp. 


1896 




Yucatan 


maysillesii 


McVaugh 


1961 


2U6 


Mexico 


mayuranathanii 


Groiz . 


19UO 


302-A 


Madras (India) 


mazicum 


Emberger k Maire 1930 




Marocc . 


media 


N .E ,Br . 


1911 


290 -F 


Afr.trop.or. 


medicaginea 


Boiss. 


19U0 


569 


Reg.Medit.ocCo 


medusae 


Thunb, 




326 


Afr.austr. 


megalalantica 


Ball 


1875 


616 -A 


Marocc. 


megalantha 


Boiss. 


18U6 


U3U 


Persia 


megalocarpa 


Rech.f, 


1963 


U50-A 


Afghan. 


megistopoda 


Diels 


1912 


UU3-A 


Yunnan 


mehadiensis 


Kit. in Rochel 


1863 


179 




melanacsmtha 


Drake 


1903 




Madag . 


melanadenia 


Torr. 


1857 


89 


Calif ., Ariz., Tex 


melanocarpa 


Boiss, 


1862 


132 


Ecuador 


melanohydrata 


Nel. 


1935 


32$-A 


Little Namaq, 


melanosticta 


E.Mey. 


1862 


368 


Afr.austr. 


melapetala 


Gasparr, 


I83O 


683 


Sicil. 


melillensis 


Sennen & Maur. 


1933 




Marocc. 


melitensis 


Pari. 




519 -A 




mellifera 


Ait. 


1789 


UI9 


Ind. Madera 


mellifera 


Steub, 




U20 




meloformis 


Ait. 




332-A 


Afr.austr. 


meloniformis 


Lem. 


185U 


332 





197h 



Jablonaki, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



159 



membranacea 


Pax 


1895 


u67-B 


Afr.trop.or. 


memoralis 


Dyer 


1952 


323-55 


Rhodesia 


mendax 


Maire & Wilczek 


1936 




Marocc. 


mendezii 


Boiss, 


i860 


133 


Mexico 


menelikii 


Pax 


1907 


3I8-C 


Abyss, 


mercurial ina 


Michx. 


1803 


2UU 


Amer.bor. 


merenskiana 


Dinter 


1938 


325-3 




meridensis 


Pittier 


1929 


73 -E 


Venez, 


merkeri 


N.Ii.Bro 


1911 


290 -D 


Afr.trop.or. 


mesembrianthemifolia Jacq, 


1760 


20 


Cartageno 


mesopotamica 


Khan 


1963 


595-A 


Iraq, Syria 


messeniaca 


Heldr.ex Halacsy 190U 


581-A 




meuleniana 


O.SchWcLTtZ 




U33-H 


Arabia 


meulenis 


Schwartz 




13 3 -H 




mexiae 


Standley 


1929 


210 -A 


Mexico, Jalisco 


mexicana 


(Engelm.) Norton 


1900 


553 -X 


An, sept. 


meyeniana 


Kl, 


I8U3 


135 


Bolivia 


meyeri 


Boiss o 


i860 


576 


Afr.austr. 


meyeri 


Steud, 




UU6 




mey er i 


Nel. 


1933 


325-C 


Little Namaq. 


micans 


Scheele 


I8U3 


673 




micracaintha 


Boiss. 


i860 


298 


ATr.austr. 


micractina 


Boiss, 


1862 


502 


Reg.Himal. 


micradenia 


Boiss. 


1862 


68 


Austral . 


micrajitha 


Steph.ex V/illd. 




526 




microappendiculata Lotsy 


1895 


186 -A 


Quatem, 


microcarpa 


Prokh. 


1933 


637-A 




microcephala 


Boiss. 


1866 


hh'k 


Bolivia 


microclada 


Urb. 


192h 


IU9-B 


Cuba 


micromera 


Boiss, 


1861 


1U5 


Calif., N.Mex., 
Arizona. 


raicrophylla 


Heyne 




80 


Ind.or, 


microphylla 


Lara. 


1788 


157 




microsciadia 


Boiss. 


18U6 


605 




microsperma 


(Murb.Maly) 


19U9 


U9U-A 




microsphaera 


Boiss, 


18U6 


U63 


Mesopot. 


migiurtinorum 


Chiovenda 


1929 


317-A 


Somaliland 


milii 


Desmoul 


1826 


290 


Madag , 


millet i 


Ursch.& Leaindri 


1955 


288 -E 


Cult. 


minbuensis 


Gage 


1911 


98 -A 


Burma 


minima 


Hort. 




557 




minuta 


Losc.& Pard. 




651 




minuta 


Phil. 


1891 


llll-C 


Chili 


minutiflora 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


80 


Rhodesia 


minutifolia 


Boiss. 


i860 


107 -A 


Austral. 


minutula 


Boiss. 


1866 


1U9-F 


Cuba 


miqueroana 


Urb.Fedde 


1930 






miricornis 


Maire & 'Wilczek 


193U 




Marocc. 


misella 


S .Wats . 


1891 




Mexico 


misera 


Benth. 


18UU 




Calif. 



160 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



missouriensis 


Small 






Amer.bor. 


missurica 


Rafin. 


1832 


77-C 


Centre Amer.bor 


mitchellicina 


Boiss. 


1862 


61 


Austral. 


mitis 


Pax 


1905 


323-16 


Afr.trop. 


mitsimbinensis 


Ursch,& Leandri 




290-B 


Cult. 


mixta 


N.E.Br. 




275 




modesta 


Boiss, 


i860 


625 




moenchiana 


Steud. 




710 


Hab.? 


moeringioides 


Pax 


1899 


53 -A 


N .Granat . 


mohaminer ens is 


Boiss. 


1862 


(U63) 




mollis 


C.G.Gmel. 




U5U 




mollis 


Engelm. 


1887 






monantha 


Wright 






Cuba 


mongolica 


Prokh. 


1930 


UU6-C 


Far East 


mongolyensis 


Denis 


1922 


290 


Madag . 


monocyathiiim 


Prokh, 


1930 


UU6-B 


As.centr. 


mono sty la 


Prokh. 


19h9 


691 -A 


Transcauc. 


montana 


Engelm. 


1859 


58U 


N.Mex. 


montana 


Rafin. 






Sicily 


monteiri 


Hook.f. 


1926 


325-A 


Afr.trop, 


monteiroi 


Hook.f. 


1865 


326-A 


Angola, Afr, 


montenegrina 


(Bold)K.Maly 


1912 


U92-A 


Jugoslavia 


montereyana 


Millsp. 


1889 


2U5 


Mexico 


montevidensis 


Casar ex Boiss. 


1862 


130 




montevidensis 


Kl.ex Boiss. 


1862 


U08 




monticola 


Boiss. 


18U6 


612 




monticola 


Hochst.ex Rich 




616 


Abyss. 


morinii 


Berger 


1907 


3 36 -A 




morisoniana 


Kl. 


1856 


26 2 -C 


Mexico 


morisoniana 


Kl. 


1856 


26U 




mosana 


Lejeune 


1811 


63 7 -B 


Angers 


raosieri 


( Small ( 


1932 


81 -E 


Florida 


mozambicensis 


Boiss. 


1862 


105 


Afr.trop. 


mucronata 


Clarke 




711 


As.Min. 


mucronata 


Lam. 


1788 


552 


Europ.austr. 


mucronata 


Lapeyr . 




587 




mucronulata 


Prokh. 


1930 


U91-A 




muelleri 


Boiss. 


1862 


69 


Austral. 


muirii 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


326-D 


Cape 


mulemae 


Rendle 


1875 


U33-H 


Afr.trop, 


multicaiilis 


Engelm. 


1859 


53U 


Mexico, Sonora 


multicaulis 


Thuill. 




655 




multiceps 


A. Berger 


1905 


325-A 


Cape 


multiclava 


Bally & S.Carter 196U 


323-27 


Somaliland 


mult icorymbo sa 


Sweet 




712 


Hab.? 


multifida 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


U33-B 


Natal? 


multiflora 


Willd. 


i860 


166-A 




multifoliosa 


M.E.Jones 


1933- 


5 166 -E 


Mexico, Jalisco 


multiformis 


Gaudich 


1832 


3 


Ins.Sandvic. 


multiformis 


Schur. 


1853 


U5U-A 




multifurcata 


Rech.f, 


1951 


U3U-A 


Baluchistan 



19 7U 



Jablonaki, Catalogus Euphorbiarvan 



161 



multinodis 


Urbo 


1899 


Iii3-A 


Indoocc. 


multiradiata 


P f H 


1910 


U67 


Afr.tropo 


multiramosa 


Nelo 


1935 




Namaqo 


nniltiseta 


Benth, 


19U0 


201 


Mexico 


mundi 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


2 71 -A 




muraltioides 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


66h-A 


Cape 


muricata 


Bieb. 




U90 




muricata 


Sm. 




U65 




muricata 


Thunb, 




2 70 -A 




murieli 


NoEoBr. 


1912 


318 -B 


Sudan Bril. 


nrurrayana 


J. M. Black 


1932 




S. Austral. 


muscicola 


Fern. 


1901 


18 -A 


Mexico 


muscosa 


Tenore 






Ital. 


musili 


Velen. 


1911 




Arab, 


myrsinites 


Brot . 




655 




nyrsinites 


Linn.cp. 


1753 


686 


Eur.austr.or 


myrsinites 


Pall. 




691 




nyrtifolia 


Hook.& Arn„ 




5 




nyrtifolia 


Lam. 








nvrtifolia 


Linn.Spoed.2 




116 




nyrtifolia 


E.Mey. 




670 




ityrtillifolia 


Linno 


1753 


116 


Jamaica 


irorrtilloides 


Schlechto 


i860 


20 




n^yrtoides 


Boisso 


1862 


19 


Austrsilo 



nagleri 


Boiss. 


1862 


67 


Java 


nakaiana 


Leveille 




350-D 




namaquensis 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


326-C 


Namaq. 


namibensis 


Marloth 


1909 


326-F 


Afr.austr. 


najia 


Kl.ex Boiss. 


i860 


175 




nana 


Royle 




363 -A 




napoides 


Oax 


1897 


32U-A 


Amer.trop. 


nashii 


(Small) 


(1903) 


73 -B 


Florida 


natalensis 


Bernh. 


18U5 


672 


Afr.austr. 


ndurumensis 


Bally 


1965 


323-15 


Kenya 


mealleyi 


Coult.A. Fisher 


1892 




Texas 


neapolitana 


Tenore 




625 




nebrownu 


Merrill 


1938 


382 




neglecta 


N.E.Br, 


1912 


318-B 


Afr,tropo,austr 


negroraontana 


l^.E.Br. 


1911 


271-X 


Angola 


nelii 


A. White 


19U1 


325-C 




nelsii 


Pax 


1898 


15U-A 


Afr.austr. 


nelsonii 


Millsp, 


1898 


Amer.bor. 




nematocypha 


Hand.-Maz. 


1926 


China, Yunnfin 


nemoralis 


Darlington 




U66 




nemoralis 


Salisb. 




6 73 -A 




nemoralis 


Kit. in Rochel 




179 


Eur op. 



162 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



nenensis 


Hiern. 




255 -B 


Afr.tropo 


neocaledonica 


Boiss. 


1866 


109 -A 


N.Caled. 


neomexicana 


Greene 


1886 


lUl-B 


N.Mexico 


neopolycnemoide 


>s Pax & K.Hoffm. 


1910 


155 -A 


Afr.austr. 


neovolkensis 


Pax 


1905 


318 -B 


Afr.trop. 


nepalensis 


Boiss. 


1862 


62U 




nephelioides 


Radkofer 


1915 




Philipp. jBrasi: 


nephradenia 


Barneby 


1966 


17 7 -A 




nereidvim 


Janandiez ^ Ma ire 1923 




Mcrocc. 


nereifolia 


Roxby. 


1801 


293 -A 


Mss. 


neriifolia 


Linn. 


1753 


292 


Ind. or., Malaya 


nervosa 


Kit. 


1863 


179 -A 




nesemannii 


R.A.Dyer 


19^U 


33U-A 


Afr.austr. 


nesiotica 


Robinson 


1902 


30-A 


Ins. Galop. 


neutra 


A.Berger 


1907 


318 -A 


Hab.? 


nevadensis 


Boiss .& Reut, 


1852 


6U9 


Hispan» 


nicaeensis 


All.Ped 




655 


Reg.Medito 


nicaeensis 


Coss.ex Willk. 


1860 


590 


Spain 


nicaefensis 


St.Am.Fl.Agen 




655 




nicaeensis 


Sebast.4 Maur. 




656 




niciciana 


Borb. 


1893 


638 




nigrispina 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


323-20 


Somaliland 


nigropurpurea 


Jones 


1929 


26 7 -A 




nilaghrica 


Miquel 




103 




nilagrica 


Hochst, 




103 




nipensis 


Carabia 


19ii6 


373 


Cuba 


niqueroana 


Urb. 


1930 


118 -E 


Cuba 


nirurioides 


(Millsp,^ 


(1911i) 


51 -A 




nit ens 


Trevir . 


1816 


6U7 




nivulia 


Buch.-Ham. 


1825 


291 -B 


Ind or. 


nodiflora 


Steud. 




U3 




nodosa 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


382 


Angola 


nodosa 


Houtt. 


1777 




India or. 


noeana 


Boiss. 


1862 


657 




norfolkiana 


Boiss, 


1862 


h29 


Ins .Norfolk 


normanni 


Schmalh. 


1891 




Reg.Cauc. 


nortoniana 


A.Nelson 


1909 


56U-A 


Califo 


notadenia 


Boiss. ex Hchen. 


1853 


U78 




notata 


Engelm. 


1862 


liil 




notoptera 


Boiss o 


1862 


61, 


Ind. or. 


novomexicana 


(Kl.&;;keo) 


1936 


166 -M 




noxia 


Pax 


lR5h 


U33-G 


Reg.Somal. 


nuda 










nudicaulis 


Perr. 


1625 


2i42 


Malaya 


nudi flora 


Jacq. 


1793 


216 


Jamaica 


nudiflora 


Lara. 




leL 




nvunmularia 


Hook.f. 


1851 


23 


Ins. Galop. 


niunmular iaef ol : 


La Willd. 




589 




nutans 


(Small) 
(Millsp.) 


(1903) 
(1911) 


52 -B 




nutans 


52 -A 




nuttallii 


Smell 


1897 


77 




nuttallii 


( Small) Jabl. 


(1903) 


77 




nyaradiana 


Prodan 


1957 




Rumania 



197h 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



163 



nyaradiana 


Prodan 


1957 




Rumania 


nyassae 


Pax 


1921 


323-7 


Nyasaland 


nyikae 


Pax 


189U 


318 -B 


Afr.trop.or 



oahuensis 


Skotsb, 


1935 


3 




oatesli 


Rolfe 


1889 


257-B 


Afr.trop, 


oaxacana 


Hobinson 


1696 


I6U-D 


Mexico 


obconica 


Bojer 




179 


Afr.occ. 


obcordata 


Balf.f. 


188U 


378-F 


Ins.Socotr. 


obcordata 


Denis 


1921 


285-A 


Madag. 


obesa 


Hook . f . 


1903 


332-C 


Afr.austr, 


obleinceolata 


Balf.f. 


188U 


378-G 


Ins.Socotr, 


obliqua 


Emdl. 




9 


Ins. Norfolk 


obliquata 


Forsk . 




625 




obliquifolia 


Kunze ex Boiss. 


i860 


139 




obliterata 


Jacq, 


1760 


U3-A 




oblongata 


Griseb. 




U96 


By z ant. 


oblongata 


C.Koch 




526 




oblongicaulis 


Baker 


1895 


32ii-C 




oblongifolia 


C.Koch 


18U8 


673 




obovalifolia 


A.Rich. 




295-A 


Abyss, 


obovata 


Decne. 


I83U 


608 


Arab, 


obscura 


Lang ex Heichb. 




63U 




obscura 


Loisel 


1809 


552 




obtusata 


Pursh. 


I6lh 


528 


Amer.bor. 


obtusifolia 


Lam. 


1788 


625 




obtusifolia 


Poir. 




365 


Ins.Teneriff 


obtusifolia 


Schur. 


1853 


U5U-B 


Transylv, 


occidentalis 


Drew 


1889 


U3-X 


Calif, 


occulta 


Kl. 


1856 


251 




ocellata 


Durand ex Hilgo 


1855 


7U 


Calif, 


octogona 


Hort.ex^Steud. 




179 


Hab.? 


octoradiata 


Leveille & Vaniot 1908 


U3-D 


Corea 


ocymoides 


Linn. 


1753 


198 


Mexico 


ocymoides 


Hook.&. Am. 




166 




odontadenia 


Boiss, 


1862 


585 


N.Mexico 


odontophylla 


Boiss. 


1859 


U37 




odontophylla 


Willd. 




335 




oerstediana 


Boiss. 


1862 


209 


Amer.Centr. 


officinalis 


r orsk . 




318 




officinalis 


Jackson 




320-B 




officinarum 


Boiss. 


1862 


318 




officinarum 


Hochst ex Boiss, 


1862 


375 




officinarum 


Linn. 


1753 


320 


Afr.bor. 


ohiotica 


Steud.& Hochst. 


1862 


561 




oidorhiza 


Pojark. 


1951 


U;7-C 


Transkasp. 


oleaefolia 


Gouan 




655 





I61i 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



oleaefolia 


Noe ex Nym. 




6U6-A 




oleracea 


Pers. 




556 




oligantha 


Boisso 


1862 


3U 




olivacea 


Small 


1698 




Mississippi 


olowaluana 


Sherff. 


1936 


2 -A 


Hawaii 


oncoclada 


Drake 


1903 


372-C 


Madag . 


onoei 


Franch & Sav. 






Japan 


opaca 


Lang ex Reichb. 




63I4 




ophthalmica 


Pers. 




U3-I 




opuntioides 


V/elw.ex Hiern. 


1900 


318-0 


Afr.trop. 


orabensis 


D inter 


191U 


3 26 -Hi 


Afr.austr.occ. 


oranensis 


(Millsp.) 


(19U3) 


U5-C 


Parag. 


oraria 


F.Kull.ex Boiss, 


. 1862 


6 




orbiculata 


H.B.K. 


1817 


86 


N.Grajnat.jSant 


orbiculata 


Miq. 




80 




oreophila 


Miq. 




621 




orientalis 


Bertol. 




U75-A 




orientalis 


Linn. 


1753 


U78 


Armen. Persia 


origanoides 


Bert. ex Boiss. 


1862 


U5 




origanoides 


Linn. 


17^3 


18 


Ins .Ads cense. 


orizabae 


Boiss o 


1862 


581 


Mexico 


orjeni 


B.Beck. 


1920 




Dalmat . 


ornata 


Stapf. 


1886 


593 


As.OCCo 


ornitopus 


Jacq. 




329 


Afr.austr. 


orphanidis 


Boiss. 


1859 


65U 


Graecia 


orthoclada 


Baker 


1887 


28 2 -H 


Madag . 


oryctis 


D inter 


1931 


272-C 


Afr.austr.occ. 


orygis 


Dinter 


1930 




Afr.austr.occ, 


osyridea 


Boiss. 


18U6 


U17 


Persia 


osyridiformis 


Pars a 


19U8 


658 -A 


Persia 


ovalifolia 


Engelin. 


i860 


13 9 -A 


Chili, Argent. 


ovalleana 


Phil. 


1895 


3 96 -A 


Chili 


ovata 


E.May^ 


1835 


661 


Afr.austr. 


ovata 


Larranaga 


1923 




Uruguay 


oxycoccoides 


Boiss. 


1860 


106 


Madag . 


oxyodonta 


Boiss, 


1879 


5U0-A 


Syria, Mesopo 


oxyphylla 


Boiss. 


1866 


686 -A 


Hispan. 


oxystegia 


Boiss. 


i860 


3U5 


Afr.austr, 



pachyceras 


CosSo 


1928 


616 -B 




pacl:^oda 


Urban 


I92U 


1U9-C 


Cuba 


pachypodoides 


Boiteau 


19U2 




Madag . 


pachyrrhiza 


Kar.& Kir. 


I8UI 


U86 


Soongaria 


pachysantha 


Baill. 


1886 


28 2 -A 


Madag . 


padifolia 


Brandegee 


I91U 


213 -A 


Mexico 


paganorum 


A.Cheval. 


1933 




Sudan Gall, 


palatina 


Zimmerman 


191Ij 


592 -A 


Germany 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



165 



pallasii 


Turcz. 


18 5U 


UU5 


Dahuria 


pall ens 


Dillw. 




8 




pallida 


Pierre 


189U 


6U2 


Cochin 


pallida 


Willd. 




6U2 




pallida 


valid. 




6U6 




palmeri 


Engelm.ex Wats. 


1880 


586 


Calif. 


paln^yrena 


Mouterde 


1963 


657-A 


Jordan 


paludicola 


McVaugh 


1961 


U3-G 


Mexico 


paludosa 


Glaziou 


1912 


U05-A 


Goyaz 


paludosa 


Rouy 


1910 


637-C 


Gallia 


palustris 


Linn. 


1753 


U76 


Europ. 


pamirica 


Prokh. 


1933 


635-A 


Asia centr. 


pampeana 


Speg. 


1893 


396-B 


Reg .Argent. 


panacea 


Webb.& Berth. 




625 




pancheri 


Baill. 


1661-2 


68-2 


N.Caled. 


panchgajiiensis 


Blatter & r^cCann 


I 1931 




India or. (Bombay) 


pancicii 


G.Beck 


1920 




Bosnia 


paniculata 


Benth . 


I8h3 




Pyren. 


paniculata 


Desf. 




515 




paniculata 


Ell. 




239 




paniculata 


Loisel 




U5U 




paniculata 


Tenore 




525-A 




psinjutinii 


Grossheim 


1950 


595-B 


Caucas . 


pannonica 


Host. 




656 




pantomalaca 


Standley & Steyenn.l9Uii 12? -B 


Guatemala 


papillaris 


Jan. 




516 




papilligers 


Boiss. 


i860 


Ul 




papillosa 


St.Hil. 




U08 


Rio Gr.do Sul 


papillosa 


Pouzolz 




508 




paradoxa 


Schur. 




63 7 -A 




paradoxa 


Podpera 


1928 


637-B 


Czechoslov. 


paraguayiensis 


Parodi 


1881 




Paraguay 


paralias 


Linn. 


1753 


660 


Eiirop.occ, 
Reg.Medit. 


paranensis 


Dusen 


1910 


258 -A 


Bras.Sta Catar. 


parannaquensis 


Blanco 




526 -A 




parasitica 


Pav ex Boiss. 


1862 






parciflora 


Urb. 


1919 


52 -B 


Haiti 


parciramulosa 


Schweinf . 


1899 


319-c 


Arab. 


paredonensis 


(Millsp.) 


(191U) 


U3-K 


Cuba 


parryi 


Engelm. 


1875 


77-B 


Amer.bor.occ. 


parifolia 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


323 


Angola 


parishii 


Greene 


1886 


7U-A 


Calif. 


parva 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


155-D 


Angola 


parviflora 


Lam. 


1788 


168 


Calif. 


parviflora 


Linn. 




Ul 




parvifolia 


E.Mey. 


1862 


103 -E 


Afr.austr, 


parvimamma 


Boiss. 


1862 


327 


Afr.austr, 



166 


PHYTOLOG 


: I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


parvula 


Delile 




5U8 


Aegypt 


parvula 


C.Koch 


18U8 


567 




passa 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


35U 


Natal 


patagonica 


Hieron. 


1879 


396 -A 


Patag. 


patellifera 


Howell 


1938 




Calif. 


patens 


Kit. 


1863 




Europ. 


patula 


Mill. 




328 




pauciflora 


Dufour 


i860 


651 


Hispan, 


pauciflora 


Hill 






Ind.or. 


pauciflora 


Nutt. 






Hawaii 


paucifolia 


Klotzsch, 


1861 


693 


Austr . 


paucifolia 


Urb. 


1908 






paucipila 


Urb. 


1908 


118 -G 


Cuba 


pauciradiata 


Blatter 


1933 




Waziristan 


pauliani 


Ursch.& Leandri 


1955 


288 -C 


Cuba 


paxiana 


Dinter 


1921 


366-D 


Afr , austr, occ. 


pearsonii 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


381^ 


Angola 


pectinata 


Alboff 


189U 


688 -A 


Reg.Transcauc. 


pedicellata 


Linn. ex Jackson 


1912 






pediculifera 


Engelm. 


1859 


160 -A 


Mexico, Ariz., 
Calif. 


pedilanthoides 


Denis 


1921 


290 -B 


Madag. 


pedunculata 


Kl. 


1856 


267 




pedunculosa 


A.Rich. 


18U6 


18U 


Cuba 


peganoides 


Boiss. 


i860 


221 


Mexico 


peisonis 


Rechinger 


1925 


350-A 


Germany 


pekinensis 


Rupr. 




li7h 


China 


Pellegrini 


Leandri 


19U7 


323-65 


Madag, 


peltata 


Roxb. 




5ii2 


Ind.or. 


peltata 


Sesse &■ Moc. 


189U 




Mexico 


peltigera 


E.Mey., Boiss. 


1862 


350 


Afr, austr. 


pendula 


Link., Boiss. 


1862 


278 


Hab.? 


penduliflora 


Kraenzl. 






Afr.trop. 


penduliflora 


Ind.Kew 


1908 






penicillata 


(Millsp.) 


19U9 


ItOl-A 


Peru 


peninsiilaris 


I.M.Johnston 


1922 


16U-E 


Baja Calif, 


pentadactyla 


Griseb. 


1879 


261 -B 


Reg. Argent, 


pentagona 


Blanco 




2U2-A 




pentagona 


Haw. 


1827 


339 


Afr .austr. 


pentagona 


Noronha 


1790 


29 2 -A 




pentagona 


Royle 




313 




pentlandi 


Boiss. 


1862 


252 


Bolivia 


pentops 


Marloth ex White 


19U1 


325-H 


Afr .austr. 


peper omio ide s 


Boiss. 


1860 


258 


Brasil 


peplidion 


Engelm, 


1859 


559 


Texas 


peplis 


Linn. 


1753 


71 


Europ. occ, 
Reg.Medit, 


peploides 


Gouan 


1765 


557 


Eiirop.Afr.bor. 


peploides 


Griseb. 




556 




peploides 


E.Mey. 




238 




peploides 


Nutt. 


1837 


562 





197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



167 



peplus 


Linn. 


1753 


556 


Europ.jAs.bor, 


peplus minor 


Willd. 




557 




perangusta 


Dyer 


1538 


315-B 


Transvaal . 


perbracteata 


Gage 


I91I4 


551 -B 


Ind.or. 


perennaiis 


(Shinners) 


i960 




Texas 


pereskiaefolia 


Houllet 


1869- 


71 700 


Afr.trop. 


perforata 


Guss. 




158 




perforata 


Tin. ex Lojac. 


1907 


80-E 


Sicil. 


pergamena 


Small 


1898 


166 -A 


Isle of Pines, 
Cuba 


perieri 


Drake 


1899 


28 9 -B 


Madag . 


perlignea 


McVaugh 


1961 


5U^ 


Mexico 


pepera 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


270-B 


Little N'amag. 


perrottetii 


Jaub.& Spach. 




379 




persepolitana 


Boiss. 


18U6 


605 




persica 


C.A.Mey.ex Boiss 


1.1862 


U3U 




pergracilis 


P.G.Nay. 


1966 


103 -F 


G.S.Vr.Afr. 


persica 


Stev. ex Boiss. 


1862 


63U-A 


Afr.Lusit.or, 


persistens 


Dyer 


1938 


223 -B 




persistentifolia Leach 


1965 




Rhodesia, Zamb. 


peruviana 


Wheeler 


1919 


169 


Peru 


pervilleana 


Baill . 


1860- 


1 722 


Hab.?, Madag.? 


pestalozzae 


Boiss. 


1853 


596 


Lycra 


petala 


Ewart &L. R.Kerr. 


1926 




Austral., N.Terr 


petaloidea 


Sngelm. 


1859 


77-D 


Amer .bor. 


petiolaris 


Sims 




212 


Ins. S.Thomas 


petiolata 


Banks k Soland. 


179U 


390 


Syria 


petitiana 


A.Rich 




577 




petrina 


S.Wats. 


1689 


IkU-H 


Baja Calif. 


petrophila 


C.A.Mey. 


1855 


595 


Tauria 


petterssoni 


Svent. 


19U9 


U22-A 


Ins.Canar. 


pfeifii 


Pax 


1697 


389 


Afr.trop, 


phagriforinis 


Graessn, 


1937 




Hab.? 


phanerophlebias 


p.i'ker ex Denis 


1921 


28 3 -B 




philippiana 


Boiss. 


1862 


157 


Chili 


philippina 


J. Gay ex Boiss. 


1862 


157 




phillipsiae 


N.E.Br. 


1903 


323-27 


Somaliland 


philora 


(Cockerall) 


1935 






phlomos 


Candargy 




686 -A 


Lesbos 


phosphorea 


Mart ius 


1820 


32U-A 


Brasil,Bahia 


phyllanthoides 


Boiss. 


i860 


90 




phylloclada 


Boiss. 


1862 


218 


Afr.austr. 


phymatoclada 


Boiss. 


1860 


370 


Afr.austr. 


phjinatosperma 


Boiss .& Geitl. 


1859 


51il 


Syria 


physalifolia 


Boiss. 


i860 


195 


Mexico 


physocaulos 


Mouterde 


1853 


658 -X 


Syria 


physoclada 


Boiss. 


1860 


281 


Madag , 


picachensis 


Brandegee 


1915 


166 -H 


Mexico 


picta 


Jacq. 




18U 




pileoides 


Millsp. 


1900 


80-E 


Porto Rico 


pillansii 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


3UI-B 


Hope 



168 


P H Y T 


LOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


pilosa 


Brot. 




1791 


330 




pilosa 


Chaub. 






h96 




pilosa 


D.Don. 






U76 




pilosa 


Linn, 




1753 


h5U 


Europ.jAs.bor, 


pilosa 


Oursh. 






U66 




pilosa 


Vill. 






510 




pilosula 


Engelm.ex Boiss. 


1862 


123 


Mexico 


pilulifera 


Linn. ex Boiss. 


1862 


Ul 


Ceylon, Java 


pilulifera 


Linn. 




1758 


51 


Amer.trop, 


pimeleodendron 


Pax 




1911 


379-P 


Afr.trop.or. 


pinariona 


Urb. 




1930 


20 -C 


Cuba 


pindicola 


Hausskn. 








Europ. 


pinea 


Linn. Sy St. 






575 


Reg.Medit, 


pinea 


Texid. 






575-A 




pinetorum 


(Small) 




(190?) 


118 -D 


Florida 


pinifolia 


Lam. 




1788 


637 




pinifolia 


Vlilld. 






5)^7 




pinnulos a 


Lojacob9 




1907 


80-D 


Sicil. 


pinus 


Leveille 




1913 


U32-A 


China , Kaveichau 


pirahazo 


Jiimelle 




190$ 


28 2 -B 


Madag . 


pirottae 


Terrac. 




189U 


32I4-C 


Afr.trop.or. 


piscatoria 


Ait. 




I80li 


U23 


Ins.Madar, 


piscatoria 


Hub.-Mor.&: 


Kahn 


196U 


U23 


Turcia 


pisidica 


Hub.-Mor.& 


Kahn 




596 -A 




pistiaefolia 


Boiss. 




1862 


359 


Afr.austr. 


pitcairnensis 


Forest Brown 


1935 


i;3-U 


Tuaimotu 


pithusa 


Linn. 




1753 


587 


Reg.Medit, 


plagiantha 


Drake 




1903 


300 -C 


Madag . 


planiceps 


A.White DS 




19U1 


330-D 


Afr.austr. 


platicarpa 


Fritz. 






525 


Sphalm. 


platyacantha 


Drake 




1903 




Madag , 


platyacantha 


Pax 




190U 


323-18 


Afr.trop, . 


platycephala 


Pax 




I89h 


U67-A 


Afr.trop, 


platylepis 


Decne 






36 




platymainmillaris Croiz. 




1932 


33U 


Afr.austr. 


platyphylla 


Linn. 




175? 


525 


Europ.jAfr.bor, 


platypoda 


Pax 




1911 


389-P 


Afr.trop.or, 


platysperraa 


Enc^elm.ex S.Wats 


.1880 


72 -A 


S.Calif, 


plebeia 


Boiss. 




18U6 


606 


Persia austr. 


plicata 


S.Wats. 




1886 




Mexico 


plumerioioles 


Teijem.^ Hassk. 




U31 


Java 


plemmerae 


S.Wats. 




1893 


176-B 


Arizona 


podadenia 


Boiss. 




1862 


128 


Mexico 


podagrica 


I.M.Johnston 


1922 


161 -E 


Nevada 


podocarpifolia 


Urb. 




19 2U 


hl3-C- 




podperae 


Croiz. 




19Li7 


63 7 -A 


Moravia 


poecilophylla 


Prokh. 




1933 


638 -B 




poeppigii 


Boiss. 




1862 


196 


Peru 


poggei 


Pax 




139a 


155-G 


Congo 


poinsettiana 


Buist.ex R. 


,Grah. 


1936 


259 




poissoni 


Pax 




1902 


32l;-D 


Afr.trop, 



197lt 



Jablonakl, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



169 



poliospenna 


Urb. 


1530 


170-C 


Cuba 


polyacantha 


Boiss, 


i860 


317 


Abyss. 


polyantha 


Benth. 


IdUh 


1U6 


Calif. 


polycarpa 


Benth. 


13I4U 


Ih6-C 




poly caul a 


Boiss. & Hohen. 


1853 


599 




polycephala 


Marloth 


1?U 


330-A 


Afr.austr, 


polychroma 


Kern. 


1375 


li9U-A 


Hungary 


polyclada 


Boiss, 


i860 


78 


Texas 


poTycnemoides 


Hochst.sx Boiss, 


. 1862 


155 


Abyss. 


polygalaefolia 


Boiss. uc Reut. 


i860 


500 


Hi?3pan. 


polygonal a 


Loddiq 




335 




polygona 


Harv. 


1806 


336 


Cape 


polygonil'olia 


Linn. 


1753 


72 


Eastern U.S. 


polygonisperma 


Gren.',;: Godr. 




82 




polyphylla 


Engelm. 


1892 


2U6-A 


Florida 


polytimetica 


Prokh. 


1933 


611 -A 




poraiformis 


Thunb. 


1915 


332 




pond it 


Millsp. 


1890 


161 -B 


Baja Calif, 


pontic a 


Prokh. 


l?li9 


686 -B 


Armen.Turk. 


popayanensis 


Pax 


l8?o 


188 -A 


Colombia 


popovii 


Hotsch. 


1961 




Asia centr. 


porphyrantha 


Phil. 


1895 


396-y 


Chili 


Dorphyrastra 


Hand.-Mazz. 


1925 




Yunnan 


porteriana 


^SmalDJabl. 


(1903) 


20-A 


Florida 


portlandica 


Linn. 


1753 


57li 


Europ.occ. 


portlandica 


Salisb. 


I83h 


575 


Reg.Medit. 


portlandica 


Jacq, 


l80li 


625 


Reg.Medit, 


portoricensis 


Urb. 


18?9 


158 -C 


Ind.occ, 


portoricensis 


Urb. 






Ind.occ, 


portucasadiana 


(Croiz.) Jabl. 


(I9U3) 


U5-C 


Paraguay 


portulacoides 


Linn. herb. 


1862 


391 


Ainer.bor. 


portulacoides 


Phil. 


1753 


396 


Chili, Argent 


portulana 


S.¥ats. 


1889 


lUU-F 


Mexico 


postii 


Boiss. 


1879 


2^5 -A 


Syria 


potanini 


Prokh, 


1926 




Mongol . 


potentilloides 


Boiss, 


i860 


17U 


Goyaz 


potosina 


Fern. 


1901 


52 -B 


Mexico 


praecox 


Fisch. 


181? 


630 




pratensis 


Gromow 


188U 




Ross. 


preslii 


Guss, 


1827 


52 


Amer.bor, 


preslii 


Sprun. 


I8h2 


571 -A 




preussii 


Pax 


l89h 


619 -A 


Kamer, 


prieuriana 


Baill. 


1861 


I5I4-A 




priiTjlaefolia 


Baker 


1881 


363 -A 


Madag. 


procera 


Bleb. 




U5ii 




procopiana 


Savul.S: Rayssin 


1926 


6U7-X 


Bassarabia 


procumbens 


DC. 




U3 




procximbens 


Hort.ex Boiss. 


1862 


138 




procumbens 


Meerburg 




300 




procumbens 


Mill. 




351i 


Afr.austr, 


prokhanovii 


Popov, 


1939 


Ui6-E 


Thian Shan 



170 


PHYTOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


prolifera 


Buch.-Ham. 




62U 


Reg.Himal. 


prolifera 


Ehrenb.ex Boiss. 


, 1862 


608 




promecocarpa 


Davis 


19U7 


61U-B 


Syria 


propinqua 


R.Br, in Salt. 




179 


Abyss. 


propinqua 


R.Br. 


1911 


166 -A 




prorepens 


Popov. 


1936 




Turkestan 


prostrata 


Ait. 


1789 


158 


Fla., Tex., Mexico 


prostrata 


Burchell 




101 -A 




prostrata 


Hort. 


138 






prostrata 


J. Grab. 


102 -A 






proteifolia 


Boiss. 


1862 


356 


Afr.austr. 


provincial is 


Noe 




658 -B 




provincialis 


Wills. 




625 




pr\inifolia 


Jacq. 




261 




przewalskii 


Prokh . 


1926 




Tibet Kansu 


psanmophila 


Ule. 


1908 




Brasil 


pseudagraria 


P.Smirn. 


19hO 


6ii5-A 


Rossia austr.or. 


pseudoapios 


Maire & Weiller 


1939 




Cyrenaica 


pseudobrachiata 


Dinter 


1923 


272-B 


Afr.austr.occ. 


pseudocactus 


Berger 


190? 


316-B 


Hab.? 


pseudochainaesyce Fisch..§c Mey, 


18U2 


82 


Yunnan 


pseudocyparissias Jord, 




637 




pseudodendroides H.Lindb. 


1932 




Marocc. 


pseudoduseimata A.iATiite,D.B 


19U1 


326-E 


Afr.austr.occ. 


pseudoengleri 


Pax 


1909 


U67-E 


Afr.trop, 


pseudoesula 


Schur. 


1853 


63 6 -A 




pseudoaecata 


Chiov. 




552 -A 




pseudoglareosa 


Klokov 


1955 




Ukrain. 


pseudoglobosa 


Marloth 


1929 


330-B 


Cape Prov. 


pseudograntii 


Pax 




U33-II 


Afr.trop, 


pseudoholstii 


Pax 


190h 


381-D 


Afr.trop. 


ps eudohypogaea 


Dinter 


1921 


3U2-X 


Afr.austr.occ. 


pseudolucida 


Schur, 


1852 


6I16 




pseudonutans 


Then. 


1917 






pseudopeplus 


Speg. 


1902 


556-A 


Patag . 


pseudoserphyllifolia Greene 


1890 


7U-C 


Arizona 


pseudosororia 


Prokh. 


1930 


U36-A 




pseudotuberosa 


Pax 


1908 


U33-B 


Afr.austr. 


pseudovillosa 


Prodan 


1953 


li5U-A 


Transylv. 


pseudovillosa 


Krokov 


1855 




Ukraina 


pseudovirgata 


(Sch\ir)Soo 


1930 


63li-A 




pterococca 


Brot. 




538 


Reg.Medit. 


pteronexira 


Berger 


1907 


333 -B 


Mexico 


pubentissima 


Mich. 


1803 


2U3 


Amer.bor. 


pubera 


Blume 




h9 




puberula 


Fern. 


1901 


U3-A 


Mex.,Ghiap,,Oaxa. 


pubescens 


Vahl. 


1791 


530 


Reg.Medit. 


pubicaulis 


S .Moore 


1926 




Austral. 


pub ig era 


Fn'w.ex Boiss. 


1862 


U99 




pubiglans 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


3U2-A 


Hope 


pueblensis 


Brandegee 


1917 


31-A 


Mexico 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



171 



pugniformis 


Boiss. 


1662 


35U 




pulchella 


Brouss .in DC. 




589 




pulchella 


Hort. 




589 -A 




pulchella 


H.3.K. 


1817 


5U 




pulchella 


Lag.& Rodr. 


1802 


5U-B 


Hab.? 


pulchella 


Sesse & Moc. 


1887 


5U-A 


Mexico 


pulcherrima 


Willd.ex Kl. 


I83U 


259 


Mexico 


pulerulenta 


Kit. ex Reichb. 




656 




pulvinata 


Marloth 


1909 


336-B 


Afr.austr. 


pumila 


Pall. 




590-A 




pumila 


Sibth.& Sm. 




6lU 




punctata 


Delile 




567 


Afr.bor. 


punctata 


Krock. 




567-A 


Europ. 


punctulata 


. nderss. 


1853 


30 


Ins.Galopag. 


pugens 


Lam. 


1768 


519 




pungens 


E.Mey. 




671 




piongens 


(S aland, in") Rus 






Cilicia 


punicea 


Swart z 




Uio 


Jamaica 


purisimana 


Millsp. 


1889 


128 -A 


Lower Calif. 


purpurascens 


Salzm. 


1873 


625-A 




purpurascens 


Schousb. 




713 


Marocc. 


purpurascens 


Schujn.& Thonn. 




U9 




purpurascens 


Deysson 


1908 


552-A 




pur pur at a 


Thuill. 




503 




purpurea 


(Rafin.)Fernald 


1932 






pus ilia 


Lag. 


1816 


711i 


Hispan, 


pusillima 


Post 


1895 




Syria 


pycnanthema 


Engelm. 


1859 


U7 


Mexico 


pycnophylla 


C.Koch 


18U7 


6lU 




pycnostegia 


Boiss. 


1850 


3U 


Ind.or. 


pygmaea 


Fisch.i Mey. 


1839 


385 


Persia,Soongar 


pygmaea 


Ledeb. 




565 




pygmaea 


Phil. 


1857-8 U58 




pyrenaica 


Jord. 


18U6 


523 




pyrifolia 


Lam. 


1817 


282 


Ins.Mauriti 


pyriformis 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


332-B 




py thiusa 


Friw. 




587 


Afr.austr, 


pythiusa 


Linn. 


1753 


587 





quarad 


Deflers 


quadrangularis 


Pax 


quadrat a 


Nel. 


quadrialata 


Pax 


quartziticola 


Leandri 


quinquecostata 


Volkens 


quinqueradiata 


Kitamura 


quintasii 


Pax 


quitensis 


Boiss. 



189U 

1935 

190U 
19U6 
1890 
1958 
1892 
1862 



317-A 
317-A 

318-X 
323-5U 
315-13 
612 -B 

U33-J 



U33- 

iHo 



Arab. 

Afr.trop.or, 

Little Namaq. 

Afr.tr op. 

Madag. 

Afr.trop. 

Afgan. 

Ins .S. Thorn. 

Ecuador 



172 


PHITOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


racemosa 


E.Meyo 


1862 


276 


Afr.austr. 


racemosa 


Tausch 


637 






radians 


Bentho 


183? 


268 


Mexico 


radiata 


E.Mey. 


1862 


3U6 


Afr.austr. 


radiata 


Thxinb. 




300 




radicans 


Mcric. 


i860 


80-B 




radioloides 


Boiss. 


1862 


1U8 


Mexico 


rafinesquii 


Greene 


1397 


52-A 


Amer.bor. 


ragusana 


Reichenb. 




575 




ramanensis 


Baum. 


1963 


518 -A 


Jordan 


ramiglans 


N.a.Br. 




355-B 


Little Namaq, 


ramipressa 


Croiz, 


I93U 


3 00 -A 


Madag . 


ramosa 


Seaton 


1893 


158^ 


Mexico 


ramosissima 


Hook.& Am. 




lU 


Ins.Pacif. 


ramosissima 


Loisel. 


1827 


625 




rangeana 


Dinter 


191U 


326-p 


Afr.austroOCCo 


rangovalensis 


Leandri 


19U5 


288-1) 


Madag. 


raphanorriza 


(Millsp.) 


(192$) 


L02-B 




rapulQm 


Kan.& Kir, 


13L2 


UU8 


Soongaria 


rattani 


S.Vats. 


1885 


116 -B 


Calif. 


razafinjohanii 


Ursch.Sc Leandri 


1955 


88 -H 


Cult. 


reboudiana 


Cosso 


1889 




Alberia 


rechingeri 


Greuter 


1965 




Greta 


recta 


Kl. 


1856 


218 


Mexico 


rectirama 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


275-A 


Orange Free St, 


recurva 


Hook.f, 


18U7 


2U 


Galopag. 


rediviva 


Svent . 


l'55U 


I42I-B 




reflexa 


Spreng, 




715 


Habo? 


reflexa 


Formanek 


1895 




Europ.or. 


refract a 


Lowe 


1838 


52 




refugii 


Croiz, ^ 


19U6 


U02-B 


Texas 


regina 


Leveille 


191U 


350-B 


Yiinnan 


regis-jubae 


Webb.& Berth. 




U2U 


InSoTeneriff. 


reichenbachiana 


. Willk. 


1852 


h5U 




reichenbachiana 


. Lojac. 


1907 


656-A 


Sicil, 


reineckei 


Pax 




615 -A 


Ins .Samoa 


reinhardtii 


Volkens 


1899 


318 -R 


Afr.trop. 


reinwardtiana 


Steud. 




58 




remyi 


A.Gray ex Boiss. 


1862 


1-A 


Hawaii 


reniformis 


Bliime 


1925 


U2 


Java 


renouardi 


Pax 


1902 


296 -A 


Afr.trop, 


repanda 


Sweet 




716 


Lnd.or, 


repens 


G.Koch 


18U8 


6 26 -A 


Oriens 


repetita 


Hochst. 




618 


Abyss 


resinifera 


Berg 


I863 


320-B 


Marocc. 


restiacea 


Benth. 


lau 


269 


Mexico 


restituta 


N.S.Br. 


1915 


3U2 


Little Namaq, 


restricta 


Dyer 


1951 


323-YY 


Transvaal. 


retroscabra 


S.Wats. 


1887 


176-C 


Mexico 


retusa 


Bieb. 




51i9 





197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



173 



retusa 


Cav. 




553 




retusa 


Lam. 


1788 


U33 




reuteriana 


Boiss. 




572 


Syria 


revoluta 


Engelm. 


1859 


152 


S.W. U.S.,Mex 


rhabdodes 


Boiss. 


i860 


U07 


Brasil 


rhipsaloides 


Lem, 


1857 


373-X 




rhipsaloides 


Glaziou 


1912 


3 73 -A 


Mina Geraes 


rhombea 


Willd. 




525 




rhombi folia 


Boiss. 


1860 


276 


Afr.austr. 


rhytidosperma 


Boiss. & Bal. 




536 


Cilicia 


rhytispemia 


Engelm. 


i860 


1U2 


Chili 


riae 


Pax + H 


1922 


U3U-A 


E.Tibet 


richardiana 


Baill. 


1860-1 318 




ridleyi 


Croiz. 


1937 


28 2 -A 


Malag.Penins. 


riebeckii 


Pax 




176 -A 


Arab. 


riedeliana 


Boiss. 


i860 


U06 


Brasil 


rig ens 


Sweet 




519 




rigida 


Bieb. 


1808 


619 -A 




rigida 


Loisel 


1827 


690 




rigidula 


Steud. 




519 




rigoi 


Boiss. ex Freyn. 






Ins. Cyprus 


rimarum 


Coss.ic Bal. 


1873 


6IU-A 


Marocc. 


rinconis 


M.E.Jones 


1908 




Amer.bor. 


riparia 


Jord. 




637 




rivae 


Pax 


1898 


103 -A 


Afr.trop. 


rivasii 


Palau Ferrer 


1853 




Ins.Balear. 


robbiae 


Turrill 








robecchii 


Pax 




295-B 


Afr.trop. 


robusta 


Small 


1897 


58U-B 


Amer.Bor. 


rochebmini 


Franch & Sav. 






Japan 


rochaansis 


(Croiz.) 


(19U5) 


U5-G 


Uruguay 


rockii 


C.N.Forbes 


1909 


1-C 


Hawaii 


rogeri 


N.E.Brown 


1911 


382-F 


Senegal 


roemeriana 


Scheele 


iaU9 


563 


Texas 


roeseri 


Orph.ex Boiss. 


1862 


685 




rohleanae 


Velen. 


1911 




Arab. 


rosea 


Retz. 


1779-91 168 


India or. 


rosea 


Rottb. 


1803 


658 -A 




rosea 


Roxb. 




101 -A 




rosei 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 


U6-C 


Mexico 


rossiana 


Pax 


1^10 


251-A 


Mexico 


rossica 


Smirn, 


1929 


350-C 


Rossia 


rosulans 


A.Theod. 


19i4l 


Uli6-F 


Turkestan 


rothiana 


Miq. 




623 




rothiana 


Spreng . 




620 


Ind.or. 


rothisma 


Wight . 




621 




rothrockii 


( Millsp.) Jabl. 


(1916) 




Mex., Arizona 


rotundata 


Hochst. 




688 




rotundifolia 


Hook.^ Am. 




8U 


Chili 


rotund ifolia 


Loisel. 


1809 


557 




rotundifolia 


Phil. 


i860 


13 9 -A 





171; 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



rowlandii 


Dyer 


1953 


323 -A 


Transvaal, 


rosulans 


A.Theod. 


19U1 


Uii6-F 


Turkestan 


rubella 


Pax 


1903 


3^U-B 


Afr.trop. 


rubens 


Vill. 


1786 




Gallia 


rubescens 


Link in Buch. 




71 




rubiciinda 


Blume 




157 -X 


Mexico 


rubida 


Greenm. 


1903 


52 -D 


Mexico 


rubra 


Gav. 




552 




rubra 


DGo 




5U9 




rubra 


Pall. 






Tauria 


rubricaulis 


Regel 


1856 


517 




rubriflora 


NjE.Br.^ 


1911 


103 -K 


Rhodes a 


rubriflora 


Leveille Fedde 


1913 


U3-D 


China, Yunnan 


rubrosperma 


Lotsy 


1895 


73 -A 


Guatem. 


rubro striata 


Drake 


1903 




Madag , 


ruderallis 


Dum. 


18U3 


567 -A 


Europ, 


ruderalis 


Scheele 


18U3 


567 




rudis 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


326-M 


Gr.Namaq. 


rudolfii 


N.E.Br. 




271-C 


Gape 


ruegeliana 


Shuttlew 


1362 


3l;0 




rugosa 


Kit. 




179 


Banat 


rugosissima 


Pau & Tont Ouer 


1929 




Marocc. 


rugulosa 


(Rydb.) Jabl. 


(1906) 


lUl-A 




rugulosa 


Greene 


l39h 


111 -A 




ruiziana 


Boiss. 


186'' 


87 


Peru 


ruiziana 


(K1.& Gke.>Bo?'j; 


5.(1859) 


57 




rumicifolia 


Boiss. 


i860 


677 


As. mine 


rupestris 


Friwald 


1862 


652 




rupestris 


C.A.Mey.ex Lib, 


1830 


.UU6 


Sibir. 


rupestris 


Larranaga 


1923 




Urug. 


rupicola 


Boiss 




517 


Reg.MeditoOcCo 


rupicola 


Scheele 


13L9 


120 




rusbyi 


Greene 


1386 


77-E 


/,rizona 


ruscifolia 


N.S.Br. 


1915 


6 70 -A 




ruscinonensis 


Boiss. 


i860 


511 


Mont .Pyren » 


ruspolii 


Ghiov, 


1916 




oomaliland 


rutilis 


(MillspO 


(191b) 


166 -y 


H ondur a 3 , Guat em , 



sabulicola 


Boiss. 


i860 


150 


Brasil 


saccharata 


Boiss, 


i860 


22U 


Mexico 


sacchii 


Chiov. 






Somaliland 


sagittaria 


Marloth 


1930 




Cape Prov. 


sagraeana 


AoRich.ex Boiss. 


1862 


109 




3 ahead i 


Bornm. 


1910 


589 -A 


Persia 


salicatorum 


Jord. 




61i3 




salicifolia 


DC. 




6U2 




salicifolia 


Host. 


1797 


6U2 


F.urop. 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



17$ 



sal in la 


Willd.ex Boisso 


1862 


20 




salota 


Leandri 


19U7 


323-69 


Madag. 


saltonensis 


fMill3pc)Jablc 


fl?lL) 




Salton vSea 


sampsoni 


Hance 


1866 


hlh-k 




sanasxinitens is 


Hand.-Mazz. 


1^12 




Kurdistan 


sancta 


Pax 


1907 


313 -A 


Abyss. 


sanguinea 


Hoch.it.^ ^teud. 


1862 


Ihl-C 


Arab.Afr. 


sanguinea 


Hort. 


1860 


17a -A 


Hab.? 


sanmartensi:; 


Rusby 


1920 


73-G 




sansalvador 


Horto 


1933 


320 -C 


Colombia 


santapajii 


A.N.Henry 


1965 


632 -B 


India 


sapiifolia 


Baill. 


1886 




Madag c 


sapini 


DeWild . 


1908 


72 3 -A 


Al"r.trop. 


sarati 


Ardoino 


1879 


655-A 


Europe austr. 


sarawschanica 


Kegel 






Turkestan 


sarcodes 


Boiss. 


i860 


232 


Brasil 


sarcost^ramatoides Dinter 


1921 


3S6-G 


Afr.austr.occ 


sareptana 


Becker 


18^8 


631 


Rossia 


sarmentosa 


Welw.ex Pax 


189L 


331-B 


Angola 


satureioidas 


Lauio 




168 




sauliana 


Boreau ex Boiss. 


1866 


U76-A 


Lydia 


savaryi 


Kis?. 


1921 


62 7 -A 


Sibir.or. 


saxatilis 


Biels. 




595 




saxatilis 


Georgi 






Rossia 


saxatilis 


Jacq. 




650 


Austria 


saxatilis 


Loisel 




658 




sajcicola 


Velen . 


1971 


658 -A 


niam 


scandens 


H.3.K. 




226 


Mexico 


scabrella 


Boiss. 


186? 


192 


Mexico 


scabrifolia 


Kurz 


1873 




Burma 


scepiformis 


3uek , 








schaeferi 


Dinter 


1921 


3L19-A 


Afr.austr.occ 


schef fieri 


Pax 


1909 


379-B 


Afr.trop^ 


Schick endantzii 


Hieron 


1881 


396-n 


Reg. Argent. 


schimperi 


Preol. 




375 


Arab, 


schimperi 


''.cheele 


18U3 


665 


Arab. 


schimperiana 


Hochr:t.ex A.Rich 


1 o 


615 


Abyss = 


ochinzii 


Pax 


1898 


323-12 


Afr.austro 


schizacantha 


Pax 




323-C 


Afr.trop. 


schizadenia 


BoisSo?^ Hohen. 


1853 


601 




schizoceras 


Boiss. 


181 J: 


657 




schizoclada 


Baillon 


I'^l? 


299-3 


Madag. 


schizolepis 


K. Mull. ex Boiss 


1862 


ho 


Austral. 


schizoloba 


Engelm. 


1362 


586 




schlechtendalii 


Boiss. 


i860 


213 


Mexico 


schlechteri 


Pax 


1901 


U9-A 


Afr.trope 


schleintzii 


r:ngi. 


1890 




/sustral. 


schoenlandii 


Pax 


1901 


318 -X 


Afroanstr. 


schottiana 


BoisG, 


1859 


522 


Cilicia 


schubei 


Pax 


1905 


325-A 


Afr.trop. 


schugnanica 


B.Fedtsch, 


1916 


53 9 -C 


lurkestan 



176 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



schxikuniensis 


Dyer 


19U0 


310-A 




schultzii 


Benth, 






Austral. 


schurii 


Simonk. 


1886 




Transsil. 


schweinfurthii 


Balf. 


188$ 


80-A 


Ins.Socotr, 


sciadophila 


Boiss. 


1862 


199 


Brasil 


sclerocyathium 


Korovin & Popov 


1927 


3 76 -A 


Transcasp. 


s.clerophylla 


Boiss. 


i860 


670 


Afr.austr. 


scolopendria 


Donn 




299 




scoparia 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


373-Y 


Erythraca, Abyss. 


scoparia 


^ Small) 


(1913) 


20-1 


Florida 


scopiformis 


Boiss. 


1666 


275 


Afr.austr. 


Ecopoliana 


Steud. 




333 


Cilicia 


scopulonim 


Brandegee 


1911 


16 3 -B 


Mexico 


scordifolia 


Jacq. 




110 


Afr.trop. 


scordioides 


Defr.ex Blatter 


1923 




Arab.? 


scotanum 


Schlecht . 


1817 


211 


Mexico 


scottsbergii 


Sherff. 


1936 


3-C 


Hawaii 


scripta 


Soinm.&. Levier 


1892 


U90-A 


Reg.Cauc. 


sechueuiica 


Pax + Hoffm. 


1922 


658 


E.Tibet 


seclusa 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


80-C 


Erythraea 


seemanni 


Klotzsch. 


1856 


579 -B 




segetalis 


.J. Grab. 




655 




segetalis 


Linn. 


1753 


573 


Eur op. 


segetalis 


Pall. 




637 




segetalis 


Pall. 




6U7 




segetalis 


Raul 




625-A 




segoviensis 


Boiss. 


1862 


201' 


Mexico 


seguieri 


Nym. 




655 




seguieriana 


Neck. 


1770 


658 




seguierii 


All. 




658 




selilimoemsos 


Dyer 


19U0 




Transvaal. 


seleri 


Donn. -Smith 


1899 


169 -D 


Amer.centr. 


selloi 


Boiss. 


i860 


LOU 


Brasil 


selloi 


Kl.ex Boiss. 


1662 


170-B 


Brasil 


semiperfoliata 


Viv. 




67U 


Scurdin. 


semiverticillata Halacsy 


190h 


581 -B 


Graecia 


semivillosa 


Prokh. 


1933 


U5U-A 


Centr.Asia 


sendaica 


Makino 


1910 




Japan 


senguptae 


Balakr.& Subram. 


, I960 


39-A 


India or,, Madras 


senilis 


Standl.& Steyerm.l9ijh 


II47-D 


Guatem. 


sennii 


Chiov. 


1932 


382^ 


Somal. 


sepium 


N.E.Br. 


1911 




Senegambia,N .Nig 


septemsulcata 


Vierh. 


190U 


516 -B 


Socotra. 


seracomans 


Bubani 


18U3 




Mont Pyren. 


serawschanica 


RGL. 


1882 


iiU6-R 


Asia Centr. 


serbica 


Form. 






Europ. 


sereti 


De¥ild. 


1908 


318 -B 


Afr.trop. 


serotina 


Host. 




655 




serpens 


Baill. 


1861-2 


! 80-C 




serpens 


Balb.ex Boiss. 


1860 


117-R 


Ins .Bahia 


serpens 


H.B.K. 


1817 


80 


Bahia 


serpent ini 


Novak 


192U 




Servia 



197li 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



177 



serpicula 


Hiern. 




155-C 


Afr.trop. 


serpiformis 


Boiss. 


1862 


275 




serpyllifolia 


Babl.ex Boiss. 




166 


Ins.Galega 


serpyllifolia 


Pers. 


lfi06 


111 


W.Amer.bor. 


serpylliim 


^ Small) 


fl9l3) 


158 -K 


Florida 


serrata 


S.G.Gmel, 




U51i-A 




serrata 


Linn, 




U32 


Lusitania 


serrula 


Fngelm. 


1859 


96 


N.Mex., Texas 


serrulata 


Reinw.ex Blume 




58 


Malaya, China 


serrulata 


Veil. 


18 ?5 


51i 




semilata 


Thuill. 




526 




sessiliflora 


Boiss. & Sprun. 


l8Uli 


U96 




sessiliflora 


E.Mey. 


I86c 


378 




sessiliflora 


Roxb. 




261 


Burma 


sessilifolia 


Kl.ex Boiss. 


1862 


231 


Brasil 


seticomis 


Poir. 




625 




setigera 


E.Mey. 


18U5 


103 -E 




setiloba 


Engelm. 


1857 


liil 


S.Calif., N.Mex. 


setosa 


Miln./.rg. 


I87ii 


170 -A 


Brasil 


sewerzowii 


Herd. ex Prokh. 


1933 


6L6-B 




sexangularis 


Henckel 




U28 




shaferi 


(Millsp.) 


(1913) 


U16-B 


Cuba 


shark oensis 


BaUl. 


1866 


UO-A 




shetoiensis 


Pax & K.Koffm. 


1922 


UiU4-A 


E.Tibet 


shirensis 


Baker 


189U 


ii67 


Afr.trop. 


shouanensis 


H.Keng 


1951 




Formosa 


sibirica 


Fisch. ex. Boiss. 


1862 


U83 




sibthorpii 


Boiss. 


i860 


68 2 -A 


Graecia 


sieboldiana 


Morr.& Decne 


1836 


627-A 


Japan 


siguatepequens; 


Is Standley 


1929 


166 -D 




sikkimensis 


Boi.ss. 


1862 


hhl 


Reg.Himal. 


silenifolia 


Svreet 




300 




silicicola 


Dinter 


191U 


352-B 


Afr.austr.occ. 


similis 


A.Berger 


1907 


331-A 


Afr.austr.?NatAl 


simplex 


C.Koch 


18U8 


573 -A 


Domugled 


simplex 


Dinter 


1931 


326-D 


Afr.austr.occ. 


simulans 


(Wheeler) Warnock 


i960 


Ili6-A 




sinaica 


Hochst.ex Boiss, 


. 1862 


558 




sinaloensis 


Brandegee 


1905 


180 -A 


Mexico 


sinclairiana 


Bengh. 


IdUh 


U16 


Ins .Gorgon. 


sinensis 


Jesson & Turrill 1911 


U7U-A 


China bor.occ. 


sintenisii 


Boiss. ex Freyn. 






Europ. 


sipolisii 


N.E.Br. 


1893 


3 33 -A 


Brasil 


sloanei 


Wheeler 


1939 


20U-B 


Mexico 


soanieranensis 


Ursch.i Leandri 


1955 


2 90 -A 


Cult. 


socialis 


Zoll. 


i8au 


621 




socotrana 


Balf. 


188U 




Socotra 


sogdiana 


Popov. 


1923 


658 -B 


Bokhara 


sojaki 










soliflora 


Vis. ex Boiss. 


1862 


52U 




solisequa 


Reichb. 




503 





178 


PHYTOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


solkinii 


(not in print) 


a name in N.Y, 


.B.C. Herb. 


somalensis 


Pax 




323-B 


Somaliland, 
Afr.trop. 


soobyi 


McVaugh 


1961 


202 -A 


Mexico 


sooi 


T.Simon in Borb. 


19U9 




Hungary 


soongarica 


Boiss. 


i860 


U77 


Sibir. 


sonorae 


Rose 


1895 


200 -D 


Mexico 


sordida 


Kl.ex Boiss. 


1862 


U5 




sororia 


Schrenk 


ieu5 


387 


Persia 


soulieli 


Sennen 


1931 




Hi span. 


sparrmanni 


Boiss, 


i860 


lU 


Austral . 


spars if lora 


A. A. Heller 




3-B 


Hawaii 


spartaria 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


2 73 -A 


Afr.austr.occ. 


spartioides 


Hernem. 


1822 




Hab.? 


spartioides 


Jacq. 


180U 


588 


Cape 


spathulaefolia 


G.Don in Sweet 




717 


Ind.or. 


spathulata 


Larti. 


1788 


535 


Brasil 


sphaerococca 


Salzm. 




U65 




sphaerorhiza 


Benth . 


1839 


2U5 


Mexico 


sphaerospenna 


Shuttlew 


1862 


302 


Florida 


spicata 


E.Mey. 


1862 


377 


Afr.austr. 


spinea 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


372-B 


Cape 


spinescens 


Pax 


189U 


379-B 


Afr.trop. or. 


spinidens 


Prokh. 


1933 


683 -A 


Asia centr. 


spinosa 


Linn. 


1753 


519 


Europ.austr. 


spinosa 


Sibth.S: Smith 




520 




spinosa 


Viv. 




516 




spiralis 


Balf. 


188U 


318-Y 


Ins.Socotra 


splendens 


Boj^ex Hook.var. 


1829 


290 -A 


Madag. 


spongiosa 


Ledeb.ex Schrank 


: 18 2U 


38U 




spruceana 


Boiss. 


1862 


182 


Peruv. 


sqamigera 


Loisel 




517 




squamosa 


¥illd. 


1799 


U90 




squarrosa 


Haw. 


1827 


301 




standi eyi 


(Millsp.)Jabl. 


(1916) 


157 -A 


Mexico 


stanfieldii 


(Small) Cory 


1936 


1U7-A 




stapelioides 


Boiss. 


i860 


352 


Afr.austr. 


stapfii 


A.Berger 


1907 


3 20 -A 


Uganda 


stellaespina 


Haw. 


1826 


31a 


Afr.austr. 


stegniatica 


Nel, 


1936 




Little Namaq. 


stellata 


Willd. 




300 


Afr.austr. 


stellvilata 


Salzm. 


1827 


538 




stellulata 


Salem 


1821 


532 




stenoclada 


Baill. 


1887 


28 2 -C 


Madag. 


stenomeres 


S.F.Blake 


1922 


5U-H 


Guatem. 


stenophylla 


Boiss. 


1862 


U03 


Brasil 


stenopl:^lla 


Schur 




636 -A 


Transylv. 


stepposa 


Zoz 


19U9 


658 -A 


Ukraina 


stevenii 


P.M.Bailey 


1910 




Austrsilia 


stevensii 


Stewart 


1911 


30-B 


Galopag . 


steyermarkii 


Standley 


19UU 


585-A 


Guatem. 



197li 



Jablonaki, Catalogua Euphorbiarum 



179 



stictospora 


Engelm. 


1859 


131 


S.W.centr.U.S 


still ingeoides 








Bolivia 


sturii 


Holuby ex Velen. 


, 1891 


658 -B 




stygiana 


N.C.Wats. 


16UI 


U20 


Ins.Azor. 


suaj'eziana 


Croiz. 


1931 


290-3 


Madag. 


subamplexicaulis Kar.& Kir. 


18U1 


U88 


soongaria 


subapoda 


Baill. 


1887 




Madag. 


subcaerulea 


Robinson 


1896 


12U-B 


Mexico 


sub cil lata 


Pers. 




525 




subcordata 


C.A.Mey. 


1830 


639 


Soongaria 


subcordata 


Schur 




U5U-C 




subfalcata 


Hiern. 




U33-A 


Afr.trop. 


subhastata 


Vis.& Pane. 


1661 


6ii7-A 




submamillaris 


A.Berger 


1902 


33 U -A 




subpeltata 


S.Wats. 


1891 




Mexico 


subprostata 




i860 


53 -B 




subpubens 


Engelm. 


1880 


395-B 




subreniformis 


S.Wats. 


1886 


205 -B 


Mexico 


subsalsa 


Hiern. 


1900 


323-18 


Afr.trop. 


subserrata 


Engelm. ex Boiss. 


1862 


111 




subterminalis 


N.E.Br. 


1913 


103 -c 


Angola 


subtilis 


Prokh. 


19U1 


63 7 -X 




subtuberculata 


C.A.Mey. ex Boiss 


1.1862 


U62 


Persia 


subtrifoliata 


Rusby 


1920 


208 -A 


Colombia 


subulatifolia 


Hiirusawa 


19U0 




Corea 


subiimbellata 


Steud.ex Boiss. 


1862 


398 




succedanea 


V-Tieeler 


1939 




Mexico 


Sudan ica 


A . Cheval . 


1932 


3 21 -A 


Sudan 


suffiraticosa 


Forsk 




718 


Ins.Rhodos. 


suffruticulosa 


Lecoq.&; Lamotte 




510 




sulcata 


DeLens ex Loisel 




553 


Algeria 


sulcata 


Lem.ex Boiss. 


1862 


700 




sulfurea 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 


7U-B 


Calif. 


suinbawensis 


Boiss, 


1662 


63 


Ins.Sumbawa 


superans 


Nel.apud Herre 


1950 




Afr.austr. 


supina 


Rafin.ex Boiss. 


1862 


156 -F 


U.S., Hawaii 


surinamensis 


Lanj. 


1931 


206 -A 


Guiana Bat. 


susannai 


Marloth 


1929 


33 2 -A 


Afr.austr. 


sventenii 


Marcet 


19U5 




Hispan. 


swatensis 


Kitamura 


196^ 




Pakistan 


sylvatica 


Jacq. 


673 -A 






sylvatica 


Linn. 


1753 


673 




syTTunetrica 


A.VJhite, D.S. 


19U1 


332-D 


As.Min. jAfr.ai 


synadenia 


Baill. 


1862-3 


307 




synadenium 


Ridley 


1912 




Penins, Malaya 


syphilitica 


Hort. 


1907 




Hab.? 


syriaca 


Spreng . 




390 




syrmiensis 


Kit. ex Boiss. 


1862 


179 


Banat 


syspirensis 


C.Koch 


ieu8 


657 




systyla 


Edgew. 


18U7 


381-C 


Arab. 



180 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no, 2 



sy stylo ides 
szechuanica 
szovitsii 



Pax 

Pax & K.Hoffm. 
Fisch.& Mey. 



189U 
1922 
1833 



381-A 
638 -A 
566 



Zanzib. 
E.Tibet 
As.Min.jPersia 



taboraensis 


A.Hassler 


1931 




Tanganyika 


tacnensis 


Phil. 


1891 


188 -B 


Peru, Chili 


taitensis 


Boiss. 


i860 


12 


Taiti 


taitensis 


Pax 


I90U 


323-15 


Afr.trop. 


takouensis 


Leveille & Vaniotl908 


U3-G 


Corea 


talastavica 


Prokh. 


1933 


U86-A 




talyschensis 


Boiss ,& Buhse 


i860 


I490-C 


Persia, Talysch . 


tamanduana 


Boiss. 


i860 


17U 


Brasil 


tamaulipasana 


(Millsp.)Jabl, 


(1916) 


129 -A 




tana'ensis 


Bally 


I96U 


323-16 


Kenya 


tanaicensis 


Guss. 




588 


Sic ilia 


tanaitica 


Paczoski 


1891 




Rossia 


tannensis 


Hort.ex Boiss. 


1862 


525 


Europ. 


tannensis 


Spreng . 




698 


Ins .Tanna 


tangutica 


Prokh. 


1926 




Tibet, Kansu,Szec 


tanquahuete 


Sesse & Moc. 


189U 




Mexico 


taourinensis 


B^ttand,& Trab. 


1918 




Marocc. 


taqueti 


Leveille & Vaniot 


U3-F 


Corea 


tarapacana 


Phil. 


1891 


188 -A 


Chili 


tardieuana 


Leandri 


19U6 


323-58 


Madag . 


tarokoensis 


Hayata 


1918 




Formosa 


tashiroi 


Hayata 


1920 




Formosa 


tatarica 


Jacq. 


1862 


hhk 


Himal. 


tatianae 


Theodorov 


195U 




Transcasp. 


tavirica 


Bess. ex Link 




573 


Europ.austr. 


tauricola 


Prokh. 


19U9 


109 -B 


Crimea 


taurinensis 


All. 




570 


Europ.austr. 


taxifolia 


Burin. 




661 -B 


Afr.austr. 


teheranica 


Boiss. 


1860 


609 


Persia 


teke 


Schweinf .ex Pax 


;Croiz.l938 296 -A 


Afr.trop. 


telephioides 


Chapm. 


i860 


39h 


Florida 


tellieri 


A.Chev. 


1933 




Sudan, Gall. 


tenar 


Burch 


275-C 






tenebrosa 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


318 -5 


Afr.trop, 


tenella 


H.B.K. 


1817 


158 




tenella 


Pax & H.B.K. 


1817 


255-B 


Afr.austr. 


tenera 


S.Wats. 


1882-3 




Mexico 


tenuicaiilis 


Dinge ex Range 


1938 


373-B 


Namaq. 


tenuifolia 


Bieb. 


1808 


630 




tenuifolia 


Lam. 


1788 


633 


Gallia 


tenuirama 


Schweinf. 


1907 


311-A 


Arab. 


tenuis 


Buch.Ham. 




719 


Nepal 


tenuis sima 


M.E.Jones 


1933 


12U-C 


Mexico 



197U 



Jablonskl, Catalogus Euphorblarum 



181 



terracina 


Griseb. 




571 




terracina 


Lag. 


1816 


U57 




terracina 


Linn. 


1753 


625 


Reg.Medit. 


terracina 


Reichenb. 




570 




tesselata 


Haw. 


1896 


326 


Cape 


tessmanii 


Mansf. 


1929 


213 -C 


Peru, Orient 


tetracanthoides 


Pax 




323-7 


Afr.trop. 


tetraceras 


Langs 


1865 


57U-A 




tetraceras 


Szowits 




657 


Persia 


tetradenia 


Brandegee 


191U 






tetragona 


Baker 


i860 


298 


Afr.austr, 


tetragona 


Haw. 


1826 


316 


Afr.austr. 


tetragona 


Hochst. 




317 




tetrapora 


Engelm. 


1859 


560 


Texas 


tetraptera 


Baker 


1885 


286 -A 


Madag. 


tettensis 


Klotzsch. ,Boiss. 


1862 


167 


Afr.trop, 


tetuanensis 


Pau 


1929 




Marocc. 


texana 


Boiss. 


i860 


5U1 


Texas 


thamnoides 


Boiss, 


i860 


518 


As. Min., Syria 


theodosia 


Sennen 


1936 




Marocc. 


theriaca 


Wheeler 


19hl 


161-D 


Texas 


thetesperma 


Hochst. ex Boiss. 


1862 


380 




thessoda 


(Forraan) 


1897 


652 -A 




thi 


Schweinf . 


1868 


3 16 -A 


Afr.trop. 


thinophila 


Phil. 


1873 


396-Z 


Chili 


thoirqjsonii 


Holmboe 


191U 




Cyprus 


thomsoniana 


Boiss. 


1862 


UUo 


Reg.Himal. 


thouarsiana 


Baill. 


1860-1 


. 285 


Madag. 


thymi folia 


Linn. 


1753 


102 


Tropics 


th^rsiflora 


Griseb. 




6ii7 




tl^rsoidea 


Boiss. 


1862 


6U8 


Reg.Himal. 


tianshanica 


Prokh. 


1930 


Uii6-D 


Asia centr. 


tibetica 


Boiss. 


1862 


hUh 


Reg.Himal. 


tigridis 


Boiss. 


1862 


100 




tinctoria 


Boiss. 


1862 


657 


Persia 


tinianensis 


Hosokawa 


1935 




Ins. Marian. 


tirucalli 


Forsk . 




375 




tirucalli 


Linn. 


1753 


373 


Afr.or.,Ind.or. 


tirucalli 


Thunb. 




272 




tisserantii 


A.Cheval. 


1951 




Afr., Gall, centr 


tithymaloides 


Linn. 


1753 






togakusensis 


Hayata 






Japan 


togoensis 


Pax 


1909 


372 


Afr.trop, 


tollmena 










tomentella 


Engelm. ex Boiss, 


. 1862 


90 


Mexico 


tomentella 


Zipp. 


18U1 


179 


In S.Timor 


tomentosa 


Pers. 




110 




tomentulosa 


S.Wats. 


1887 


U3-M 


L. Calif, 


tommasiniana 


Bertol. 


1888 


63U-B 


S.E.,E.C,Europ. 


tonsita 


(Millsp.)Jabl. 


(1916) 






torralbasii 


Urb. 


1899 


80-L 


Cuba 



182 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



torrida 


DC. 


18U1 


228 


Mexico 


torta 


Pax & K.Hoffm. 


1910 


323-12 


Tang an. Terr, 


tort ills 


Rottl. 


1911 


30U 


Ind.or. 


tortirama 


Dyer 


1937 


323-Ui 


Transvaal, 


tortistyla 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


323-9 


Rhodesia 


tovarensis 


Boiss. 


i860 


208 


Venez. 


toxicaria 


Afzel 




296 




toxicaria 


Noisette 






Hab.? 


tozzii 


Chiov, 


1932 




Somal.,Ital, 


trachyphylla 


A.Rich. 




262 




trachysperma 


Engelm. 


1859 


95 


Arizona, Mexico 


tracyi 


(Small) 


(1903) 


156 


U.S. 


transoxana 


Prokh. 


1930 


U91-B 


Asia centr. 


t rans s ilvanica 


Schur. 


1852 


6U7 




trancapatae 


(Croiz.) 


(19U6) 


U3-L 


Peru 


transtagana 


Boiss. 


i860 


591 


Lusitania 


transvaalensis 


Schlechter. 


1896 


U83-C 


Transvaal, 


triaciileata 


Forsk. 




322 


Arab. 


triangularis 


Desf. 


1808 


323 -X 


Cape, coast reg.. 
East London. 


tribuloides 


Lam. 


1788 


6lU 




trichadenia 


Pax 


I89U 


U33-A 


Angola 


trichocardia 


L.B.Smith 


1936 




Mexico 


trichogona 


Bertol. 




158 




trichophylla 


Baker 


1883 


110 -A 


Madag . 


trichotoma 


H.B.K. 


1817 


U09 


Florida, Cuba 


tricolor 


Greenm. 


1898 


210 


Mexico 


tricuspidata 


Lapeyr . 




5U9 




tridentata 


Lam. 


1788 


3 28 -A 




triflora 


Schott 




653 


Dalmatia 


triflora 


Sesse & Moc. 


1887-90 


Mexico 


trigona 


Haw; 




305 


Ind.or., Malaya 


trigona 


Mill. 




3U8 




trigona 


Roxb. 


395 


Ins. Mo luce. 


trigonocarpa 


Fisch. 




U5U 




triloba 


Sesse & Moc. 


1867-90 


Mexico 


trinervia 


Boiss. 




592 




trinervia 


Schiunm & Thonn 




17 


Afr.trop, 


trinervis 


Bertol. 




52 




triodonta 


Prokh. 


1930 


387-B 




triphylla 


Willd. 


1859 


192 




tristis 


Bess. 


1811 


637 




triumfetti 


Bertol . 




637 




troodii 


Post 






Europ. 


t^oyana 


Urb. 


1908 


UlO-A 


Jamaica 


tmincata 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


353-B 


Transvaal. , Natal 


tshuiensis 


(Prokh.) 


1880 


639-A 




tsukampotoi 


Honda 


193ii 




Japan 


tsimbaxazae 


Leandri 


19U6 


290-A 


Madag . 


tuberculata 


Jacq. 


I80U 


325-E 


Afr.austr. 


tuberculatoides 


N.E.Br. 




325-« 





19 7U 



Jablonaki, Catalogris Euphorbianm 



183 



tuberosa 


Linn. 


1753 


358 


Afr.austr. 


tuberosa 


N.E.Rose 


1891 


358 


Mexico 


tubiglans 


Marloth 


1931 


323 -X 


Afr.austr. 


tuckeyana 


Steud. 




U26 


Ins.Cap.Vard 


tugelensis 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


3UU-A 




tumbaensis 


DeVJild. 


1908 


U33-L 


Afr.trop, 


tumistyla 


(Burch)A.R 


.Smith (1966) 


158^ 


Haiti 


tunetana 


Vierh. 


192? 


516 -A 


Afr.bor. 


turbiniformis 


Chiov. 


1929 




Somaliland 


turcomanica 


3oiss. 


i860 


100 


Turcoman. 


turczaninowi 


Kar.^/ Kit. 


18U2 


388 


Turkest. 


turkestanica 


Franch. 


iQQh 


552-A 


Turk est. 


turkestanica 


Regel 


1882 


63 9 -A 


Turkest. 


txirpini 


Boiss. 


1860 


118 


S.Domingo 


tyraica 


Klokov & Artemcz 1955 




Ukraina 



ucrainica 


Andrz.ex Trautv, 


, 1881; 




Ukraina 


ugandensis 


Pax Sc K.Koffm. 


1910 


619 -A 


Afr.trop. 


uhehensis 


Pax 




h67-A 


Afr.trop. 


uhligiana 


Pax 


1909 


323-C 


Afr.trop. 


uliginosa 


Lange 


1865 


510 -A 




uliginosa 


1'Jelw.ex Boiss. 


1862 


501 


Lupitan. 


umbellulata 


Engelm.ex Boiss. 


. 1862 


126 




umbratilis 


Lindh. 






Texas 


umbrosa 


Bert. ex Spreng. 




189 


S .Domingo 


uncinata 


DC. 




299 


Afr.austr. 


undulata 


Bieb. 


1806 


632 


Reg. Gasp. Sibir 


undulata 


Schweigg. 




6U2-A 




undulata 


v:illd. 




530 




undulatifolia 


Janse 


1953 




Ind.or. 


unicornis 


Dyer 


1951 


323-ZZZ 


Afr.Lusit.or. 


uniflora 


Dalz.^i Sibs 




1^7-A 




uniflora 


G.Don 






Amer.austr. 


uniflora 


Rafin. 


1808 


720 


Amer.bor. 


uniflora 


Roxb. 




720 


Ind . or . 


unit^landulosa 


S.'Jats. 


1887 




Mexico 


unilateralis 


Blakelock 


19U8 


U63-A 


Iraq. ,As.Min., 
Palest. 


•unispina 


N.E.Br. 


1911 


723-3 


Togo, Nigeria 


uralensis 


Fisch.ex Link 


1822 


63U-D 


S.t.C. F.urop. 


urbanii 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 






urceolophora 


Parodi 


1881 




Reg .Argent. 


usambarica 


Pax 


189U 


U67-3 


Afr.trop. or. 


ussanguensis 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


323-23 


Afr.trop. or. 



18U 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 2 



vaccaria 


Baillon 


1866 


103 -B 




vachellii 


Hook.& Am, 


1825 


58 




vaginiilata 


Griseb. 


186U 


22 


Bahamas ,Turkist 


vahlii 


Willd. 


i860 






valdevillosocarpa Arvat.<2t Nyar 


1-35 


U5U-A 


Eessarab, 


valentina 


Jacq. 


180U 


625 


Hispan. 


Valeriana 


Pers. 




U6U 




valerianaefolia 


. Lam, 


1768 


U6U-A 




valerii 


Standley 


1927 




Costa Rica 


valida 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


3):-l-C 


Cape 


valliniana 


Belli. 


1903 


651 -A 


Ital,, S.M.Alger 


vallismortae 


(Millsp. 


(1916) 


80-A 


Calif. 


vandermerwei 


Dyer 


193? 


323-12 


Transvaal 


variabilis 


Gesati 


183 8 


629 


Reg.Medit, 


varians 


Haw. 




293 




variegata 


Heyne 




36 




varie^ata 


Deflers 


1883 




Yemen 


variegata 


Sims 




227 




vaseyi 


Coult . 


1890 


250 -A 


Texas 


vauthieriana 


Boiss. 


i860 


151 


Brasil 


vedica 


Ter-Chatschat 


1965 




Transcaucas 


velenovj:kyi 


Bornm. 


11^33 


h50-B 


Bulgaria 


velleriflora 


Boiss, 


1862 


129 


Mexico 


velleriflora 


.'Millsp,) 


^916) 


129 




velligera 


Schauer 


I8lj7 


127 


J^exico 


velutina 


K.Schum. 


1889 




N.Guin. 


veluttna 


Greene 


1886 


lUl-E 


L. Calif, 


velutina 


Pax 


1895 


615 


Afr.trop,or. 


velwitschii 


Boiss ifi: Reut. 


1862 


290 


Afr.trop. 


venenata 


Schlecht. 


I8li7 


211 




venenata 


Marloth 


1930 


323-2 


Gt.Na.maq, 


veneris 


Khan 


1963 




Cyprus 


veneta 


Tenore 




680 -A 




veneta 


Willd, 




681 




vepretorum 


Drake 


1903 




Madag . 


verapazensis 


Standl,& Steyerm,19hh 


213 -A 


Guatem. 


verdickii 


DeWild 


1906 


257 -BB 


Afr.trop. 


vermicxilata 


Raf, 


1817 


52-C ■ 


Eastern U.S. 


vermiformis 


M, E.Jones 


1930 


160-B 


Arizona 


vema 


Salzm, 


18 78 


6?^ -A 




vema 


Phil, 


1895 


Da-B 


Chili 


verrucosa 


Bertol, 




1;65 




verrucosa 


Desf. 




512 




verrucosa 


Georgi 




510 




verrucosa 


Guss. 




193 




verrucosa 


Lam. 




KOQ 


Europ. 


verrucosa 


Linn.Mant. 




a6u 




verrucosa 


Linn, 


1753 


530 




vernicosa 


Pall. 




U5U-A 




verruculosa 


N,E.Er. 


1925 


3 52 -A 


Gt.Namaq, 


versicolor 


Greene 


1881 


liih'B 


Amer.bor, 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbiarum 



185 



verticlllata 


Fisch. 


181? 


U^5 




verticillata 


Glaziou 


191? 


17U-C 


Goyaz 


verticlllata 


Orph.ex Boiss, 




685 




verticlllata 


Poir. 




212 




verticlllata 


Veil. 




U3 




verticillata 


Pax 




U3 


Afr.austr, 


vestita 


Boiss. 


i860 


65 


Mexico 


vezorum 


Leandri 


1917 


323-63 


Madag . 


viatilis 


Ule 


1?08 


158 -A 


Perm 


viellardi 


Baill. 


1861-2 


551-A 


N.Galed. 


viguieri 


Denis 


1921 


288 -A 


Madag . 


villifera 


Scheels 


I8u9 


m7 


Texas, Yucatan, 
Guatem. 


villosa 


Friwald 




U9U 




villosa 


Waldst.& Kit. 


1302 


U5U 




villosulae 


Urb. 


1899 




S. Domingo 


villosior 


(Millsp.) Jabl. 


(1916) 






villosissiina 


Kl.ex Boiss. in 


1862 


170-C 




villosula 


Pax 


189U 


118 -A 


Afr.trop.or 


viminalis 


Burm. 




272 




vimlnalis 


Linn, 


1753 






viminalis 


Mill. 




373 




vlTiinea 


Hook.f, 


1851 


27 


Ins .Galop, 


vinyalsi 


Sennen 


1931 




Hispan, 


violacea 


Greenm. 


1898 


181 


Mexico 


viperlna 


/» .Berger 


1902 


326-3 


Afr.austr. 


virgata 


Deff. 




365 




virgata 


Noe ex Nym, 


1933 


6U3-A 


Moravia 


virgata 


Waldst.."!! Kit. 


1805 


63U 


Eur op. 


virgiiltosa 


Klokov. 


1955 




Ukraina 


viridiflora 


v:aldst.,'>t Kit. 




503 




viridis 


Ruiz 


i860 


223 


Peru 


virosa 


Willd. 


1799 


315-A 


Cape 


viscoides 


Boiss. 


i860 


171 


Brasll, Goyaz. 


vitellina 


Lose, Sc Park 




UU9-A 




volgensis 


Kryshtof 


1929 


656-B 


Rossia 


volkensii 


Pax 


1895 


381-A 


Afr.trop.or. 


volkensii 


Werth 


1901 


318 -B 


Afr.trop. 


vollii 


Rech.f. 


1963 


6OI4-D 


Afgan. 


volkraannae 


Dlnter 


1928 


318-Y 


Afr.austr.occ. 



wagneri 


Soo 


I92U 




Hvingary 


wahlbergia 


Boiss. 


1862 


668 


Afr.austr. 


wakefieldii 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


323-20 


Afr.Bril.or 


wallichiana 


Boiss. 


1862 


80 




wallichxi 


Hook.f. 


1887 


U39-A 


Reg.Himal, 


watanabei 


Makino 


1920 




Japan 



186 


PHTTOLOG 


I A 




Vol. 28, no. 2 


waterbergensis 


Dyer 


1951 


316-B 


Transvaal. 


watsonii 


Millsp. 


1890 




L.Calif. 


weberaueri 


Mansf. 


1931 


697-A 


Peru 


wellbyi 


N.E.Br. 


1912 


615-B 


Abyss . 


welwitschii 


Boiss.i Reut. 


1862 


513 


Lusitan. 


whalii 


Willd.ex K1.& Gke.l860 


U33-B 


Egypt 


wheeleri 


Baill. 


1866 


51 -A 


Austral. 


whitei 


Wheeler 


1939 


205 -A 


Mexico 


whites loan eana 


Manaa 


19U2 




Cult. 


whyteana 


Baker f . 


I89I4 


256-A 


Afr.trop. 


wight iana 


Boiss. 


1860 


621 




wight iana 


Hook.f. 


1887 


6 -A 


Deccan. 


wilmanae 


Marloth 


1931 


330-C 


Afr.austr. 


wilsonii 


( Millsp. )Jabl. 


(1909) 


20-F 


Bahamas 


wimmeriana 


J.Wagn. 


1922 




Hungary 


winkleri 


Pax 




318 -C 


Afr.trop. 


wittmanni 


Boiss. 


i860 


U51 


Reg.Cauc. 


woodii 


N.E.Br. 


1915 


351;-F 


Natal. 


woronowii 


Grossheim 


1916 


686-C 


Transcauc. 


Wright ii 


Torr.& Gray 


i860 


2U6 


Headw. Colorado 


wilfeni 


Held. ex Nym. 








wulfenii 


Hoppe 


1829 


681 


Dalmatia 



xalapensis 


H.B.K. 


1817 


181 


Mexico 


xanthadenia 


Denis 


1912 


323 -X 


Madag. 


xanti 


Engelm. 


1862 


222 


Calif. 


xbacensis 


Millsp. 


1898 




Mexico 


xeropoda 


Brandegee 


1917 


31-B 


Mexico 


xylacantha 


Pax 




323-2 


Afr.trop, 


xylophylloides 


Brongn. 


1857 


699 


Madag. 


xylopoda 


Greenm. 


1898 


260 -A 


Oaxaca 



yamashitae 


Kitaimira 


1958 


605 -B 


Afghan. 


yaqiana 


Tidestr. 


1935 






yayalesia 


Urb. 


1930 


20-G 


Cuba 


yemenica 


Boiss. 


i860 


619 


Arab. 


yucatanensis 


(Millsp.) 


(1916) 




Mexico 


yungasensis 


Rusby 


1885 




Bolivia 



197U 



Jablonski, Catalogus Euphorbianm 



187 



zahnii 


HeldToex Halacsy I90U 


68?-C 


Graecia 


zakamenae 


I.eandri 


lfiU5 


288 -B 


Madag . 


zambesiana 


Benth. 


1888 


17U-A 


Afr.trop. 


zanaharensis 


Ursch..^ Leandri 


1955 


290-F 


Cult, 


zenkeri 


Pax 




h33-K 


Afr.trop, 


zeylana 


N.^.Br. 


1913 


110 


Sonaliland 


zhigulensis 


Prokh. 


19U1 


63U-B 




zierioides 


boiss. 


136? 


203 


Mexico 


ztnniiflora 


C Small) Jabl. 


(1398) 




Georgia 


zinniifolia 


(SmaU) Jabl. 


(1898) 




Georgia 


zonosperma 


Muell.Arg. 


18 7U 


262 -A 


Brasil 


zornioides 


Boiss. 


1862 


35 


Ind.or. 


zoutpansbergens 


is Dyer 


1938 


331-C 


Transvaal. 


zygophylloides 


Boisso 


i960 


77 


Texas 



COMBRETUM LAXUM JACQ. VAR. EPIPHYTICUM (COMBRETACEAE) 
A CASE OF SELECTION FOR WATER DISPERSAL 

Thomas B. Croat 
Missouri Botanical Garden* 



Combretum laxum Jacq. is an extremely variable species 
ranging from Mexico to Argentina and the West Indies. In 
Mexico and upper Central America it flowers from February 
to September but mostly in April and May, whereas in South 
America it flowers July- November, especially during September 
and October. Fruit morphology in both Central and South 
America is quite variable, ranging from broadly to narrowly 
A-winged. Perhaps due to the influences of the phenologically 
different races in North America and South America two dis- 
tinct types of plants have evolved in Panama. The typical 
plants of Combretum laxum in Panama differ very little from 
plants of the species in Central and South America. Other 
plants represented by the name Combretum epiphyticum Pittier 
are both morphologically and ecologically distinct. Combretum 
epiphyticum Pittier was described from the Canal Zone but 
was later included in synonymy by Exell in the Flora of 
Panama. Although the broad view taken by Exell (1958) is 
quite appropriate for so complex a species as Combretum 
laxum , there is also a need for the recognition of the large 
and consistent differences which occur in Panama. I am 
therefore proposing to elevate Combretum epiphyticum Pittier 
to a varietal level of C_. laxum Jacq. 

Though some of the morphological and phenological 
features of var. epiphyticum are exhibited in var. laxxmi 
elsewhere in Central America, notibly the predominantly 
April-May flowering period and the tendency toward a thicker, 
narrowly-winged fruit, these features are not correlated in 
any way except in Panama. 

The following key and descriptions are provided to 
separate the two varieties of Combretum laxum in Panama. An 
exsiccatae is also provided since the two taxa were consid- 
ered as one in the Flora of Panama treatment. 



*The author is indebted to Mr. Phillip Busey who, while 
an employee on the Flora of Barro Colorado Island Project, 
pointed out the differences between the two taxa involved in 
this study. 

188 



197U Croat, Caabretum laxum 189 

Key to varieties of Combretum laxum in Panama 

Plants flowering March-April; fruits maturing August- 
September; young stems, axes of inflorescence and petioles 
densely ferruginous-tomentose ; lower surface of blade 
conspicuously pubescent; fruit merely 4-angled or if 
4-winged, sulcata less than halfway to center of fruit, 

var. epiphyticum 

Plants flowering mostly October-November (some flowers 
persisting longer on old inflorescences) ; fruits maturing 
January-March; young stems, axes of inflorescence and 
petioles glabrous or puberulent, never densely ferruginous- 
tomentose; lower blade surface glabrous or nearly so; 
fruit prominently winged, sulcate well over halfway to 
center of fruit. 

var. laxum 

COMBRETUM LAXUM Jacq. var. EPIPHYTICUM (Pittier) comb, novo 
Combretum epiphyticum Pittler, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
18: 247. 1917 

Shrub or low, sprawling liana usually to 8 m tall. 
Leaves opposite; petioles 2-7 mm long, densely ferruginous- 
tomentose; blades ovate-elliptic to oblong-elliptic to obo- 
vate, gradually to abruptly acuminate at apex, rounded at 
base and inconspicuously subcordate (the sinus 2-4 mm deep) , 
6-16 cm long, 2.5-7 cm wide, lateral veins 10-14 pair, the 
secondary lateral veins usually continuous between primary 
laterals, upper surface sparsely short-pilose throughout, 
somewhat denser on midrib, deciduous in age except along 
midrib, lower surface similarly pubescent but denser, the 
trichomes persisting in age. Panicles terminal or upper 
axillary; branches opposite or in whorls of three, the 
lower subtended by small leaves, the upper by lanceolate, 
caducous bracts ca 4 mm long; rachises, peduncles and 
ovary very densely ferruginous-tomentose; flowers sessile, 
closely aggregated, subtended by a subulate, caducous brac- 
teole to 1.5 mm long; lower receptacle ovoid, ca 1 mm long; 
upper receptacle cup-shaped, 1.2-1.5 mm long, including 
the 4 triangular calyx lobes; petals 4, broadly obovate, 
white, ca 1 mm diam. , glabrous; stamens 8, ca 4 mm long, 
glabrous; anthers reddish-brown, broader than long, ca 
.5 mm broad. Fruits ovoid in outline, acute at apex, ob- 
tuse at base, 1.7-2.2 cm long, prominently 4-ridged, the 
ridges sharp, wing-like, the grooves extending less than 
halfway to center of fruit. 



190 PHITOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. 2 

Plants flower in March and April; fruits mature during 
August and September. The variety is known only from trop- 
ical moist forest in the vicinity of the Isthmus of Panama 
and from tropical wet forest on the Pacific coast in Veraguas 
Province. 

The supposed epiphytic nature of the plant, as suggested 
by the name and data from the type collection described as 
"growing on dead tree in lake," is quite uncertain. No 
subsequent collection has indicated an epiphytic plant. It 
is quite likely that the species is very tolerant of water 
and that it may be rooted beneath water, as it true of many 
other species of trees or lianas. 

While light, narrowly -winged fruits tend to be the rule 
in the genus Comb re turn , a few such as C^. cacoucia Exell and 
E^. laxum var. epiphyticum (Pittier) Croat, have heavier- 
bodied fruits which are only ridged or with a very narrow 
wing probably functionless in anemochory. As might be 
expected, all collections of var. epiphyticum have been made 
in close association with bodies of water. Fruits are very 
bouyant and are no doubt largely water-dispersed. Combretum 
cacoucia also usually grows in association with water and 
has bouyant fruits. The fact that isolated species of Com- 
bretum , belonging to different sections of the genus, have 
become adapted to hydrochory, strongly indicates that wing- 
less, hydrochorous species have been derived from winged 
species (Exell, 1958). Since the typical variety is wide- 
spread, the implication is that var. epiphyticum has been 
derived from var. laxum . The alternative of a now extinct 
ancestor with an unknown fruit type is of course also pos- 
sible. 

CANAL ZONE: Barro Colorado Island; western side of Gross 
Point Peninsula, Croat 5090 (MO); Coco Solo, U.S. Army Tropic 
Test Center, Mine Implacement Center, Dwyer & Duke 7879 (MO); 
Cano Quebrada, growing on dead tree in lake (Gatun Lake) , 
Pittier 6819 (holotype, US), 6668 (US); Gatun in swamps, 
Hayes 7 (MO); Summit Garden, cultivated? C. Callen 3 76 (MO). 

VERAGUAS: Bahia Honda, near Pueblo Nuevo, Barclay 2831 (MO) 
(This collection was made in 1839) . 



COMBRETUM LAXUM Jacq. var. LAXUM, Enum. PI. Carib. 19. 1760 
For a complete synonymy see Exell (1958) , Flora of Panama 

Liana. Leaves opposite or subopposite, + glabrous; 
petioles 2-7 mm long; blades lanceolate to oblong-elliptic 
or ovate-elliptic, acuminate at apex, obtuse to rounded and 



197U Croat, C ombre tiira laxum 191 

inconspicuously subcordate at base (sinus 1-2 mm deep), 10-17 
cm long, 3-6 cm wide, subcoriaceous, prominently arched along 
midrib, drying dark, glabrous to inconspicuously puberulous 
on lower surface and often pubescent in axils of lower sur- 
face, often inconspicuously punctate below. Panicles terminal 
or upper axillary; flowers sessile, white or yellowish, very 
fragrant, 4-parted; lower receptacle ovate-oblong, densely 
dark-strigose in lower 2/3, sparsely so above and on upper 
receptacle, the latter cup-shaped, ca 1.5 mm long including 
lobes; calyx lobes broadly triangular; petals rounded, ca 1 
mm wide, white, spreading, + clawed at base; stamens 9, ca 
4 mm long, exserted; style to 4 mm long. Fruit ovoid to sub- 
orbicular, emarginate at apex, cordate at base, 1.5-2 cm long, 
1.5-1.7 cm wide, yellowish-brown, 4-winged, the wings to 7 mm 
wide, the body of fruit to 4 imn wide. 

Flowers mostly October and November but with flowers 
persisting sometimes until February. Fruits mature January 
to March. Ranges from Mexico to Northern Argentina. 

The type of Combretum laxum is from Santo Domingo. West 
Indian material of the species is close to that of upper 
Central America. Leaf blades are usually glabrous, except 
for axillary tufts. They are not at all or only moderately 
punctate. Plants in Panama and South America are usually 
glabrous or sometimes only with inconspicuous axillary tufts. 
Most South American specimens are conspicuously punctate and 
also often have lepidote scales. 

CANAL ZONE: Barro Colorado Island: Aviles 18 (F, MO); 
Shoreline south of Colorado Point, Croat 7883 (MO); Cove 
south southeast of Pena Blanca Pt., Croat 8405 (MO); First 
cove south of Barbour Point, Foster 1327 (DUKE, F, MO, PMA) ; 
East shore of Pena Blanca, Foster 1412 (DUKE, MO, PMA); 
Pearson Inlet, Shattuck 685 (F, MO); Drowned forests along 
Rio Chagres between junction with Rio Pequeni and Rio Indio, 
alt. 66 m, Steyermark & Allen 16774 (MO). 

DARIEN: Rio Sabana, 0-4 mi from Santa Fe, Duke 4125 (MO); 
Rio Tuira, between R. Penusa and R. Mangle, Duke 14631 (MO). 

PANAMA: Vicinity of El Llano, Duke 5804 (MO); Woods along 
Pan-Am Highway ca half way between El Llano and Rio Mamoni, 
Duke 5608A (MO); Drowned forests of Quebrada Tranquilla and 
its branches, 70-80 m. , Dodge & Allen 17501 (MO). 



NOTES ON NBJ AND NOTSTORTHT PLANTS. LXVII 
Harold N. Moldenke 



ALOYSIA TERNIFOLIA f. 0PP03ITIF0LIA Moldenke, f. nov. 

Haec forma a forma typica specie! foliis oppositis 3.8 — 6 
cm, longis usque ad 2.3 cm. latis marginibus versus apicem per- 
apicue serratis recedit. 

This form differs from the typical form of the species in 
having its leaves decussate-opposite, Tirith the blades 3»8 — 6 en. 
long, to 2.3 era. wide, and distinctly sharp-serrate frcaa the 
middle or below the middle to the apex. 

The type of the form was collected by Gert Hatschbach ( no. 
26^16 ) at the edge of Rio Bonito, in the Municipality of Pitanga, 
Paranl, Brazil, on February 25, 1971, and is deposited in my 
personal herbarium at Plainfield, New Jersey. The collector de- 
scribes the plant as a shrub, to 2 m. tall, with white flowers. 

ERIOGAULON DALZELLII var. GLABRATUM Moldenke, var, nov, 

Haec varietas a forma typica speciei capitulis glabris vel 
subglabratis atrogriseo-nigris recedit. 

This variety differs from the typical form of the species in 
its flowering heads being much smaller, glabrous or subglabrate 
throughout as viewed from outside under a handlens, and dark 
ashy-gray to black in overall appearance. 

The type of the variety was collected by V. N. Naih in the 
Western Ghats of India on September 7, 1971, and is deposited in 
the Herbarium Jutlandicura at Aarhus University. The collector 
describes the plant as rhizomatous and herbaceous, growing in 
streambeds . 

LIPPIA PETIOLATA Moldenke, sp. nov. 

Herba perenna, xylopodio crasso lignoso subterraneo; caulibus 
paucis erectis 30 — U? cm. altis gracilibus in statu juvenile 
dense pubescentibus ; foliis ternatis perspicue petiolatisj petio- 
lis 3 — 5 Dim* longis adpresse pubescentibus^ laminis foliorum 
crasse coriaceis subovalibus-ollipticis 2 — 1;.5 cm. longis 1 — 2.3 
cm. latis obtusis reg\ilariter dentato-serratisj inflorescentiis 
axiUaribus teminalibusque denslssime capitato-spicatis. 

Perennial herb, growing from a heavy woody underground xylo- 
podiumj stems several (usually 2 or 3) per plant, erect or as- 
cending, the younger parts densely short-pubescent with brownish 
hairs, subglabrescent in agej principal internodes elongate to 7 
cm. on older stems, more abbreviated on younger parts j leaves 
ternate, distinctly short-petiolatej petioles slender, 3 — S nim. 
long, appressed-pubescentj leaf -blades firmly coriaceous, stiff, 
rather grayish-green on both siirfaces, elliptic or almost oval- 
eliiptic, 2 — li.5 cm. long, 1 — 2.3 cm. wide, obtuse at the apex, 
mostly acute at the base, regularly dentate-serrate with unifonn 

192 



197h Koldenke, New and noteworthy plants 193 

rather blxintish or subacute teeth along the margins free almost 
the base to the apox, aubbullate and roughlsh to touch above, 
regularly short-atrigillose with stiff '.rhitish hairs above, 
rather densely short-pubescent beneath; midrib and the U — 6 ir- 
regularly placed pairs of secondaries impressed above and very 
prominent beneath; veinlet reticulation also more or less impres- 
sed above and prominent beneath; inflorescence axillary in the 
several uppermost leaf-axils and terminal, capitate-spicate, 1.$- 
2 cm, long, densely many-flowered; bractlets lanceolate, ca, 5 
mm. long, 2 mm. wide at the base, gradually attenuate to the a- 
pex, several striate, rather sparsely short-pubescent on the out- 
er surface with subappressed hairs ajid also glandular-granular; 
corolla hypocrateriform, lavender-purple, its tube about 5 mm. 
long, at first yellow, eventually red-violet. 

The type of this species was collected by H. S. Irwin, H. Max- 
well, and D. C. Vfasshausen ( no. 20509 ) on campo and in gallery 
forest margins, in the Serra do Cip6, Uinas Gerais, at km. 13$ 
(about 150 km. north of Belo Horizonte), at an altitude of 12$0 
meters, Brazil, on February 19, 1968, and is deposited in the 
Britton Herbarium at the New York Botanical Garden. The species 
is obviously closely related to L. lacunosa kart. & Schau., but 
is easily distinguished by its petiolate acute-based leaves. 

PAEP/ILANTHUS SSSSILIFLORUS var. VENEZUELENSIS Uoldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica specie! recedit sepalibus mascu- 
lis ad apicem acutis non truncatis nee erosis, bractaolis invol- 
ucrantibus ad apicem obtuse non argute cuspidatis pergi^datira 
attenuatis, et staminibus subexsertis. 

This variety differs from the typical form of the species in 
having the sepals of the starainate floi^ts acute (not truncate 
nor erose) at the apex, the involucral bractlets obtusely (not 
sharply) cuspidate and more gradually'' attenuate, and the stamens 
barely exserted. 

The type of the variety was collected by Julian A. Steyermark, 
Cora Steyermark, John Wuixiack, Karie Wurdack, and Hans Wiehler 
( no. 106609 ) in open dry sand on the plateau above Kami-merlS, 
Cari^tera El Dorado to Santa Elena de Uairen, 193 km. south of 
El Dorado, at 1200 — 11^00 meters altitude, Bol£var, Venezuela, be- 
tween Decanber 7 and 10, 1972, and is deposited in my personal 
herbarium at Plainfield, New Jersey. I am deeply indebted to 
Dr. Steyermark for making the careful floral dissections and 
supervising the making of the acccxnpanying illustrations . 

Explanation of plate: k - Kabit, B - Involucrad bractlet, G - 
Starainate floret, D - Stamlnate perianth opened to show the in- 
terior with three stamens, E - Pistillate floret, F - Inner 
perisinth segment (petal) of pistillate floret, G - Pistil, H - 
Upper portion of hair. 

STACHYTARPHETA GESNERIOIDES var. SIMPLEX (Hayek) Moldenke, stat. 
nov. 
Stachytarpheta simplex Hayek in Fedde, Repert. Sp. Nov, 3- 273 • 
I90T: 



197U Moldenke, New and notetworthy plants 195 

VEEIBENA CABRERAi; var. ANDUSTILOBATA Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica speclel lobis foliorura unifonne 
linearibus lineari-oblongisve anguste oblongisve recedit. 

Thi3 vari«ty differs from the typical form of the species in 
having the divisions of its leaf-blades uniformly linear (on the 
uppermost leaves), linear-oblong (on intermediate leaves), or 
narrowly oblong (on lower leaves), of unifonn diameter through- 
out. 

The type of the variety was collected by Gert Hatschbach ( no. 
23852) in the cerrado at Col. PaxLxl, in the Municipality of 
Aquidauana, Mato Gro3so, Brazil, on February 20, 1973, and is de- 
posited in my personal herbarium at Plainfield, New Jersey. The 
collector describes the plant as erect, UO cm. tall, with violet- 
colored flowers . 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON THE GENUS VERBENA . IX 
Harold N. Moldenke 



VERBENA. [Dorst.] L. 

Additional bibliography: Gaines & Swan, Weeds East. Wash. 230, 
231, & 3h9. 1972; Anon., Sat. Review World Hov. 20: 33. 1973i 
Frohne & Jensen, System. Pflanzenr. 203, 261, & 305. 1973 j A. 
Hansen, Cuat. Bot. Canar. 18-19: 13. 1973} Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. 
A, 21: 116 & 117. 1973i Jackson & Perkins, Seedbook 1972-1973: 18. 
1973; Rlckett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 5U2— 5U6 & 783, pl. 195 & 
196. 1973; Rogerson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 100: 192. 1973; W. A. 
Burpee, Burpee Seeds 197U: 5U. 197U; Lasser, Braun, & Steyerm., 
Act. Bot. Venez. 9: 36. 197U; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: lOU— 120. 
197U. 

A Verbena perfume is offered for sale by Caswell-Massey Com- 
pany, Ltd., of New York, 

VERBENA ABRAMSI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 21: 117. 
1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 109—110. 197U. 

VERBENA AMBR03IF0LIA Rydb. 

Additional bibliography: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 5U;, 
[5U5], & 783, pl. 196. 1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 110—111. 
19 7U. 

Illustrations: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [ShS], pl. 196 
(in color). 1973. 

VEHBENA BIPINNATIFIDA Nutt. 

Additional bibliography: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5ii3]. 
5Ui, & 783, pl. 195. 1973} Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 112— llU. 197U. 



196 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

Additional illustrations: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 
[5U3], pl. 195 (in color). 1973. 

The Abedin 26U3, Boulos s.n. [July 1952] , Drar & Mahdi 252$, 
Has sib s.n. [7/3/1929] & s.n. [22/i;/l9Ul], Hellendoorn s.n. [18/ 
7/1965], Herb. Univ. Kahir. s.n. , Sisi s.n. [30/5/1973], G. Tack- 
holm s.n. [October 1925], and V. Tgckholm s.n. [2/11/1959], dis- 
tributed as Vj^ bipinnatifida , are actually all V. tenuisecta Briq. 

VERBENA BONARIENSIS L. 

Additional bibliography: A, Hansen, Cuad. Bot, Canar, 18-19: 
13. 1973i Lasser, Braun, & Steyerm., Act, Bot, Venez. 9s 36. 197U} 
Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 111^—117. 197li. 

Lasser, Braun, & Steyermark (197U) record this species as cul- 
tivated in Venezuela. The ]i, N. Moldenke 8551 , distributed and 
previously cited by me as V. bonariensis , is actually var. con- 
glomerata Briq., while Balakrishnan NBK.U13 is V^ rigida Spreng. 

Additional citations: PAKISTAN: Northwest Provinces: S. Khan 
508 (Kh). 

VERBENA BONARIENSIS var. CONGLOlffiRATA Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 116—117. 
19 7U. 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: New York: H, N. Moldenke 
8551 (N). 

VERBENA BRACTEATA Lag. & Rodr. 

Additional bibliography: I'oss, Fl. Alberta, pr. 1, 397 & 51i5 
(1959), pr. 2, 397 & 5U5 (196U), and pr. 3, 397 & 5U5. 1967; 
Gaines & Swan, Weeds East. Wash. 230, 231, & 3U9. 1972 j Rickett, 
Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5ii3], 5Ui, & 783, pl. 195. 1973; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 28: 117—119. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Gaines & Swan, Weeds East. Wash. 231 
(in color). 1973; Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5U3], pl. 195 
(in color). 1973. 

Raise (1973) cites Burgess 7U8, Halse 15U, 231, & 286 , and 
Ranzoni 169 from Canyon de Chelly. Blewitt (1926) describes the 
species as "rare" in waste ground in New Haven County, Connecti- 
cut, where it is said to be "Adventive from the West" and blooms 
in Jvily and August. Fell (1955) has this to say about the plant 
as it occurs in Winnebago County, Illinois: "A decumbent weed 
that is common on railroads, roads and in waste places. A hybrid 
on the C. & N. W. Ry. tracks near U. S. Rt. No. 5l tends to be 
more upright, the bracts are short, and the leaves less divided 
(X perriana ) . X deamii Moldenke, stout and semidecumbent, re- 
sembling V. stricta but having brae ted flowers, is \mcommon on 
roadsides." 

VERBENA BRASILIENSIS Veil. 

Additional bibliography: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 5U6 & 
783. 1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 116 & 119—120. 197U. 



197li Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 197 

VERBENA CABRERAE var. ANGUSTILOBATA Moldenke 

Bibliography: Uoldenke, Phytologia 28: 195. 197U. 
Citations: BRAZIL: Mato Grosso: Hatschbach 23852 (Z— type) . 

VERBENA CALIFORNICA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 217. 1972, 
Additional citations: GALIfCRNIA: Tuolumne County: Moldenke & 

Moldenke 25758 (Gz, Kh) . 

VERBENA CALLUNTHA Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 120. 197U. 

Hatschbach describes this plant as repent and found it growing 
in wet sandy campos . The corollas on Hatschbach & Gviimarges 
25509 are described as having been "lilac" in color when fresh « 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatschbach & Gulmaraes 
25509 (Ld). 

VERBENA CAMADEIISIS (L.) Britton 

Additional synonymy: Glandvlaria carolinienflis Raeusch., Nom. 
Bot., ed. 3, 172, 1797. Verbena aubletia L. f. ex Desf., Tabl. 
tool, Bot., ed. 2, 66. 1815 . Verbena aubletia drugjnondli Paxt., 
Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. I81i0. 

Additional &; emended bibliography: Raeusch., Nom. Bot., ed. 3, 
3 & 172. 1797; Desf., Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed. 1, 5U. I80I; Willd., 
Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 63U. 1809; Desf., Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed. 
2 66. 1815; S. ELI., Sketch, pr. 1 5c 2, 2: 9^-97 (1821) and 2: 
7U2. 1821;; Mohl, Ann. Sci. Nat., ser. 2, 3: 319. 1835; Paxt., 
Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. I8UO; Schau., Linnaea 20: U78 . 
18U7; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. 
Usuel. & Med. 2: 80. i860; T. H. Everett, Gard. Chi'on., ser. 3, 
87: li4li. 1930; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1 677, 678, & 
967. 1932; Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 58 (1): 8U5 [275]. 
1938; Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 58 (2): 668. 1939; Fedde & 
Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 60 (2): 573. 19U1; Evers, 111. 
Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 26: U21 & U36. 1955; Foley, Ground Covers, 
pr. 1, 13ii— 135. 1961 ; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
87—89. 1968; El-Gazzar &Wats., New Phytol. 69: U63, U83, & 
U85, fig. 30. 1970; S. Ell., Sketch, pr. 3, 2: 96—97 & 7U2. 1971; 
Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677, 678, &• 967. 1971; 
Amaral Franco in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3'- 122. 1972; Encke & 
Buchheim in Zander, Handwt5rterb . Pflanzennam., ed. 10. 1972; Fo- 
ley, Groxrnd Covers, pr. 2, 13U — 135. 1972; Skinner, Ornament. PI. 
Coastal Northw. 75. 1972; Tutin in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3: 369. 
1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 367—368, lOh, U28 li31, & U3U— 
U37 (1972), 2U: 237 & 253 (1972), and 25: 2U0 & 2hh. 1973; Anon., 
Biol. Abstr. 55 (9): B.A.S.I.C. S.272. 1973; Rickett, Wild Fls. U. 
S. 6 (3): [5U3], $lihf & 783, pl. 195. 1973; Sperka, Garden. Guide 
187—188. 1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 110. 197li. 

Additional illustrations: T. H. Everett, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 
87: lUli. 1930; El-Gazzar L Wats., New Phytol. 69: U63, fig. 30. 
1970; Sperka, Gardn. Guide 187. 1973; Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 



198 PHYTOLOQIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

(3): [5U3], pl. 19^ (in color). 1973. 

The type of Buchnera canadensis L., on which this taxon is 
based, was collected in Virginia [not Canada'.] according to Linr- 
naeus (176?), who says for it merely "Habitat in Virginia". 

Recent collectoi^ have foiind Verbena canadensis growing in low 
grassy ground by roadsides, in cedar glades, on drj'^ ledges on 
bluffs, in sand along roadsides near oak woodlands, in sandy soil 
on open sunny slopes, on open southerly hillslopes, among lime- 
stone rocks in rather open woods, and on sand dunes on bluffs ad- 
Joining the ocean. My wife and I found it in open sunny dry 
woodlands composed of deciduous trees and shrubs. The stems sure 
described as rooting at the nodes and the petals as sha3J.owly 
cleft and somewhat crenate. The corolla is described as "rose- 
pxirple" on Dress 2318 , "lavender" on Clausen & Clausen $753 and 
I. Collins s.n. [July 29, 19ii6] , "purple" on £. H. NU Lawrence 
193, "soft pale blue-violet" on Dress , Lawrence , & Moore 672 , 
"purple, with reddish eye" on Lundell & Lundell llOOU , "lavender, 
with reddish eye" on Lundell & Lundell 109U5, "magenta, with deep- 
er ring at mouth of tube" on H^ E. Moore 636 , and "RHS [Royal 
Horticultural Society] Bishops Violet 3li to 3U/2" on Peele 6|1. 

Evers (1955) found the plant "common on rocky bluffs" and re- 
cords it from Monroe and Union Counties, Illinois. French ver- 
nacular names recorded for it ai^ "vei^reine de Miquelon", "ver- 
veine k bouquets", and "veirveine de Drummond". 

Jacquin, in Hort. Bot. Vindob. 2: 82 (1772), says "Sub Aublet- 
iae nomine a Dickio semina habui, quae genuina Veiienae tetran- 
drae species est, ut ab hac nequeeat ulla nota avelli. In Peru- 
via & in Florida sponte crescere, illustris Linnaeus mihi autor 
est." A photograph of this original description of V. aubletia 
and of the illustration accomparoring it, is in the L. H. Bailey 
Hortorium herbarium at Ithaca, New York. Paxton (18I|9) states 
that the species was introduced into cultivation in England soon 
after or in 1771*. 

Solbrig (I968) informs us that the normal pollen fertility 
rate is 98 percent in \r. canadensis . 

Sperka (1973) calls the species "rose verbena" and speaks of 
it as a garden subject as follows: "2 to 3 feet long. A trailing 
vine- type of plant, spreading to make a circle. Clusters of rose- 
colored flowers are held above deeply toothed, ovate, medium-green 
leaves that are hairy. Where the soil is moist, the reclining 
branches root at the nodes as they spread. This verbena is fovmd 
in sunny, rocky prairies where the soil is lean and sandy. It is 
native in the more southern and western parts of Wisconsin than 
mine" [I have not seen any material at all of this species from 
Wisconsin nor any other record before this of its being "native" 
there] "but I have found it hardy with a cover of mulch in win- 
ter," She asserts that it blooms from "Late May until heavy 
frosts. Pick the spent flowers to encourage bloom," As to its 
soil preferences, she says to use "Poor, sandy soils or a fertile, 
sandy loam with good drainage. Add sand to very fertile, heavy 



19714 Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 199 

soil. This plant does best on a lean diet.. ..[it] must be 
planted in full sun for abundant bloom. I'^ i best suited for 
the prairie, a sunny garden, or groxindcovei .. a aunny bank.... In 
areas where the temperatures dip far below zero it is best to 
plant in spring. In warmer climates, fall planting is practical. 
...Very coarse, fibrous roots become wiry with age. The nodes a- 
long the trailing branches aboveground send down new roots wherev- 
er they touch the damp soil Space 3 feet apart. For a dense 

groundcover, space only 2 feet ap>art. Set the crowns at soil 
level. Mulch in cold areas during the winter months. When plants 
become too crowded, remove seme of the older ones. Llerely clip 

the branch and dig up the unwanted plants Pot-grown nursery 

stock or stock grown in the field for one season have vigorous 
young root systems. Select only the younger plants for division. 
Stem cuttings in July are the easiest method of propagation. Seeds 
are often slow to germinate, and seedlings bloom the second year. 
The plant self-sows." She further comments that this species 
"makes a fine groundcover for a rtjcky, sandy area that seems to 
grow little except weeds." 

The D ress 2876 , distributed as V. canadensis , is actually V. 
bipinnatifida Nutt., while Hopkins , MacDowell , & Copeland 6390 
is V_j^ pumila Rydb. 

Additional citations: GEORGIA: Baldwin Co.: Moldenke «c Molden- 
ke 2697U (Ac, Ba, Ld, Ps— 1338, Ws) . Sumter Co.: Dress , Lawrence , 
& Moore 672 (Ba). FLORIDA: Duval Co.: G. H. M. Lawrence 193 (Ba). 
ALABAMA: Madison Co.: R. M. Harper 3958 (Ba) . Tuscaloosa Co.: 
Clausen & Clausen $753 (BaJ. OHIO: Clermont Co.: E_. L, Braun s.o. 
[V-li-12] (W— 2712372) . Hamilton Co.: Ej_ L^ Braun s.n. [IV-23-05] 
(W— 2712371). KANSAS: 7foodson Co.: Lathrop 876 (Bl— 118820) . 
MISSOURI: Saint Francois Co.: Dress 2318 (BaJT" Taney Co.: E^ L_. 
Braun s.n. [July 9, 1938] (ff— 2712370) . ARKANSAS: Hot Spring 
Co.: Demaree I888O (Ba) . LOUISIANA: Ouachita Par.: R. D. Thomas 
6516 (Bl— 21M52) . OKUHOMA: Ottawa Co.: G. W. Stevens 23liO (Ba- 
photo) . TEXAS: Brazos Co.: Fryxell 1265 (N) . Dallas Co.: J^ 
Reverchon 2533 (Ba — photo). Freestone Co.: Lundell & Lxmdell 
llOOU (Mi, Mi). Harris Co.: Thaip & Barkley 17T030 (Bl— 911^91). 
Jasper Co.: Cory 5286U (B1~90U71) . Smith Co.: H. E. Moore 636 
(Ba). Tyler Co.: Lundell & Lundell 109U5 (Mi). CULTIVATED: New 
Jersey: I_. Collins s.n. [July 29, 19Ul] (Ba) . New York: H^ M. 
Fox s.n. [I9UI] (Ba); Herb. Bailey Hort. s.n. [I9I18] (Ba— photo). 
Pennsylvania: Peele 651 (Ba) . LOCALITY OF COLLECTION UNDETER- 
MINED: Herb .Linnaeus G.790 , S.7 [Habitat in Virginia] (Ba— photo 
of type); Rugel s.n. [Ad vias et margines agrorum, per Georgiam 
infer, et Floridam med., Uart. 18U3] (Bl— 97105) . MOUNTED ILLUS- 
TRATIONS: Jacq., Hort. Bot. Vindob. 1: pi. I76 & 2: 82. 1772 (Ba- 
photo) . 

VERBENA CANADENSIS (L.) Britton x V. AMBROSIFOLIA Rydb. 

Synoi^ymy: "Gland ularia canadensis x G. ambrosifolia" Solbrig 



200 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. " Verbena ambrosifolla 
I^Tdb. X V. canadensis (L.) Britton" ex Moldenke, Phijrbologia 26: 

376, in syn. 1973. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 
1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 373 & 376. 1973. 

VHiBEKA CAN4DENSIS (L.) Britton x V. ELEGANS H.B.K. 

Synonymy: Glandvtlaria canadensis x elegans Solbrig in Heywood, 
Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 67. 1968. " Glandiilaria canadensis x G. ele- 
gans " Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. " Verbena 
elegans H.B.K. x V^ canadensis (L.) Britton" ex Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 26: 373 & 376, in syn. 1973. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 87 & 88. 
1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 373 & 376. 1973. 

SoUbrig (1968) reports the pollen fertility in this as yet 
nnnawHKJ hybrid is actually 98 percentl 

VHiBEMi Canadensis (L.) Britton x V, MARITIMA Small 

Synonyny: Glandiilaria canadensis x maritima Solbrig in Heywood, 
Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 87. I968. " Glandiilaria canadensis x G. mar - 
itima " Solbrig ex Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 373, in syn. 1973. 
" Verbena aaritiina Small x V^^ canadensis (L.) Britton" ex Moldenke, 
Phytologia 26: 376, in syn. 1973. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth, PI. Tax. 87. 
1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 373 & 376. 1973. 

Solbrig (1968) reports the pollen fertility in this as yet un- 
named hybrid as 61 percent. Since these two species overlap in 
their natural rauiges in at least five counties of Florida, this 
hybrid may be expected in the wild and deserves nomenclatural 
recognition. 

VERBENA CANADENSIS (L.) Britton x V. PERUVIANA (L.) Britton 

Synonymy: " Glandular ia canadensis x G. peruviana " Solbrig in 
Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 38. I968. " Verbena peruviana (L.) 
Britton x V. canadensis (L.) Britton" ex Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 

377, in syn. 1973. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod, Meth, PI, Tax. 88. 
1968; Moldenke, Pl^ologia 26: 373 & 376. 1973. 

VmEEm CANADMSIS (L.) Britton Sc V. TAMPENSIS Nash 

Synonyny: " Glandular ia canadensis x G_. tampensis " Solbrig in 

Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 38. I968. "Verbena tampensis Nash x 

V. canadenaia (L.) Britton" ex Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 377, in 

syn. 1973. 

The natural ranges of these two species overlap in at least k 

counties of Florida, so the hybrid may be e:q>ected in the field 

and deserves nomenclatural recognition. 

TmSBm. CANESCENS H.B.K. 

Additional synonyny: Verbena cannescens H.B.K. ex Sanchez 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 201 

Sanchez, Fl. Val. Uei., ed. 1, 327, sphalm. I969. 

Additional & emended bibliographgr: Part,, Pock. Bot, Diet., ed. 
1, 328, l8U0j Schau. Linnaea 20: U77. 13U7; Paxt., Pock. Bot. 
Diet., ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Gibert, Enum. PI. Uontevid. U3. 1873; 
Fedde & Schuat. in Jxist, Bot. Jahreaber. 60 (2): 575. 19Ul; San- 
chez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, 327—328, fig. 262-A. I969; 
El-Gazzar & Wats., New Phc^tol. 69: U58, ii83, & U85, fig. 7. 1970} 
Rzedowski Sc McVaiigh, Anal. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol. 19: 3$ & Ul. 
1972j Moldenke, Phytologia 2ki 21, U5, & 5U (1972) and 2$: 23U. 
1973; Rickett, Wild Fla . U. S. 6 (3): ^Uh & 783. 1973. 

Additional illustrationa: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, 
fig. 262-A. 1969. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in Abies woods, 
in "^atorral" of Cordia boisaieri , in traiiside thickets, among 
vegetation of cacti, shrubs, and small trees, and on highly over- 
grazed dry roadsides adjacent to thom-scinib woodlands with Opun - 
tia and legxmes. Cruz Cisneroa found it in "abanico aluvial con 
pastizal alterado de Hilaria cenchroides , Bouteloua hirsuta 7 
Eirioneuron avenaceus." They have encountered it at altitudes of 
300 to 2700 meters. Sanchez Sanchez (1969) informs us that it is 
"Abunda en los Renedios y la Sierra de Guadalupe" in the Valley 
of Mexico, flowering there frtm Axigust to October. 

The corollas are described as "lavender" on H. E. Moore 27U6, 
"blue" on J, Rzedowski 2l;8ll , and "purple" on Roe i Rose 2Ul8 and 
J, Rzedowski 2U83i; . Paxton (I8U0) reports that the species was 
introduced into cultivation in England in 182U. 

Gibert (1873) reduces V. canescens to synonymy under V_, inter - 
media Gill. & Hook., a completely vintenable disposition! 

The Iflaguez 7U, cited below, is a mixture with V_, ciliata 
Benth., while Hidalgo & Anda s.n. [25/VI/1967] is a mixture with 
Y. elegans H.B.K. 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Bandera Co.: Johnson & Webster 
$66 (Bl— 32870) . MEnCO: Hidalgo: Hidalgo &. Anda s.n. [25/Vl/ 
1967] (B«) J H. E. Moore 27U6 (Ba) . Mexico: Cruz Cisneros 959 
(Wb); IBaguflz 7U, in part (Ws) . Oaxaca: Messer 207a (Mi). San 
Luis Potoal: J. Rzedowski 2ii8ll (Ws), 2li83U (Ba) . Taoaulipas: 
Roe i Roae 2la8 (W«) . 

VERBEHA CANESCEIB var. ROEMERIANA (Scheele) Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 

ber. 60 (2): 575. 19Ui Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 21 & U5. 1972. 
The corollas are described as "purple" on C^ L^ Lundell 10956 

& 10986 , ■purpllBh" on £. L. Ltmdell 1077U, and "lavender with 

whitish aye" on C. L. Lundell 10972. 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Brown Co.: J. Reverchon a.n. [Cur- 

ti«8 1961] (Mi). Cameron Co.; C. L. Lundell 1077U (Mi). Kinney 

Co.: Strother 26U (Bl— I98OU9) . Medina Co.: £. L. Lundell IO986 

(Mi). Sutton Co.: Rohrbaugh 385 (Bl— 17U977). Uvalde Co.: C_^ L, 



202 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

Ltmdell 109$6 (Ml), 10972 (Mi). 

VHlBEH/l CANIDENSIS Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phyt-ologia 23 J 220. 1972. 
Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatachbach 22281; (Ba). 

VERBENA CAROLINA L. 

Qnended sjnonjray: Verbena caroliniana L, apud Desf ,, Tabl, fi- 
col. Bot., ed, 1, Sh* I80li. 

Additional bibliography: Raeusch., Nan. Bot., ed. 3, 2. 179 7; 
Desf., Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed. 1, 5U. 180U; Willd., Enum. PI. Hort. 
Berol. 2: 63li. 1809; Desf., Tabl. ^ol. Bot., ed. 2, 66. ISI^J 
Part., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. 18U0} Schau., Linnaea 20: 
[U76]— U77. l8U7j Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 2, 328. 181^9; 
Greene & Blomquist, Fls. South 109. 1953; Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val, 
Mex., ed. 1, 327, fig. 262-B. 1969} Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. $6: 
6371*. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 220, 222, 22^, 268, 292, 293, 
& 302 (1972) and 2U: UO, 126, & lia. 1972; Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. 
A. 21: 117. 1973. 

Additional illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, 
fig. 262-B. 1969. 

The ' ♦Verbena carol 1 na L." of Lowe (1921) is actually Slylodon 
cameua. (Medic.) Moldenke, as is also the " Verbena caroliniana " of 
Greene & Blomquist (1953) . Neither has anything to do with the 
true V. caroLLna of Linnaeus. Raeuschel (1797) says that V. Caro- 
lina L. is from "Carolin.", but actually it is a Mexican and Cen- 
tral American species, coming north in the United States to Arizo- 
na and Nevada. The French vernacular name, "verveine de Caroline" 
is, therefore, misleading. Paxton (l81iO) states that it was in- 
troduced into cultivation in England in 1820 (the so-called V. 
veronlcaefolia H#B.K. in 1825) but was to be regarded as '♦worth- 
leas". 

Recent eollectoi*s have found V. Carolina gix>wing at the edge 
of cultivated fields, on roadsides and dry open roadsides, in 
pinelands, on riverbanks, in secondary vegetation and in oak 
woods, while Proctor refers to it as a "dooryard weed", Salinas 
M. encountered it at "orilla del pante6n" and Martinez Calder6n 
found it in soil "con grava volcanicas". It has been found in 
fruit in March (in addition to the months previously reported by 
■e). Gonzilez Tamayo says of it: "uao ho re ha ta para la bills" 
and found it to be scarce in Jalisco. Sanchez Sanchez (I969) re- 
fers to the plant as "Es una maleza mexieana, florece los meses 
de junio y Julio" and reports it from the pedregal in the Valley 
of Mexico. 

The corollas are said to have been "blue" on Contreras 10972 , 
S. Ldpez 89, C. L. Lundell 12209 , and M. Nee 217, "clear-blue" on 
Gonzilez Tanayo 168, "pale-blue" on Ltmdell & Lundell 12355, 
'hrhite, tinged blue" on Lundell & Lundell 12391, "violet" on Gon- 
%il»% Taaayo 376 , and "purple" on Barker & Mellowes 35. 

The Marcks 4 Marcks 79U, distributed as V. Carolina , is actual- 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 203 

ly V, litoralis H.B.K., Schultea & Reko 237 is a mixture with V^ 
litoralis , while H, H. Rusty 780 is V. macdougalli Heller, 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Durango: Weber & Charette 11773 
(Bl— 176170) . Federal District: S^ L6pez 89 (WsT; M. Nee 217 
(Wa) . Hidalgo: Lundell & Lundell 12391 (MiT. Jalisco: Gonzilez 
Tanayo 168 (Mi) , 376 (Mi) ; Harker & Mellowes 35 (Ws) . Mexico: C^ 
L. Lundell 12209 (Mi); Lundell & Lundell 12355 (Mi); Salinas M. 85 
(Wa). Oaxaca: Schultes & Reko 237, in part (Oa) . Veracruz: Mar - 
Unez Calder6n 1765 [Rec. Inf. D005182] (Mi). GUATEMAIA: Baja 
Veraoaz: Contreraa 10972 (Ld, Ld) . EL Quich6: G_. R^ Proctor 2$00U 
(Ld, Ld). 

VERBENA CAROLINA f . ALBIFLORA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 185—186. 
1972. 

Recent collectors describe this as a "scarce annxial herb" or 
"plant woody, 2 ft, tall", with white flowers, and have found it 
growing in secondary vegetation and in oaJc woods, at altitudes of 

5 to 1600 meters. Gonzilez Tamayo refers to it as abundant in 
Jalisco . 

Additional citations: MSHCO: Jalisco: Gonzilez Tamayo 30U (Mi). 
Oaxacat Vilas }ii2 (Ws), Veracruz: Martinez Calder6n 13^2 [Rec, 
Inf, D000805] (Mi), 

VEFBENA CATHARINAE Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 186. 1972. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing on rocky campos. 
The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color on Hatschbach, 
Smith , & Klein 28313 * 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Hatschbach , Smith , 

6 Klein 28313 (Ld). 

VHiBENA CILIATA Benth. 

Additional syrxiuymj: Glandularia ciliata Solbrig in Heywood, 
Mod. Meth. Pi. Tax. 89. 19S5"i 

Additional bibliography: Schau., Linnaea 20: U77. lSU7i Fedde 
& Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 60 (2): 575. 19U1; Solbrig in 
Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 89. 1968; Sanchez Sanchez, Fl, Val, 
Mex., ed. 1 328, fig. 262-C. 1969; Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: 21, 
51, 5U, & 2li2 (1972) and 28: 113. 197li. 

Additional illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 
1, fig. 262-C. 1969. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as 12.5 — 30 cm. tall or 
procunbent, spreading, forming climps to U feet in diameter. They 
have encountered it in xerophilous "matorral" with Opuntia and 
Agave on volcanic slopes, on "campo labrado", in abandoned culti- 
vated ground, and in wet loam of aiToyos . It is referred to as 
■scarce" in the state of Mexico by Rebolledo V6lez and in Jalisco 
by Gonzilez Tamayo, Padilla found it on "ladera andesltica", 
while Ro«, Roe, L Mori collected it on grazed roadsides and in 



20U PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

drainage ditches with Yucca , Bouvardia , and cacti in an area of 
mesquite-grassland now becoming desert. The Marcks encountered 
it in open pine forests coated with epiphytic lichens on thin 
black soils of a shallow former lake bed, the understory being 
CMaposed of tufted grasses and dwarfed alpine herbs witn bulbous 
xmderground storage organs. Sanchez Sanchez (I969) describes the 
plant as a "Maleza mexLcana, que florece de julio a octubre", the 
corollas a violet when fresh, and inhabiting the "Desierto" areas 
in the Valley of Mexico. 

The corollas are described as ••lavender" on Roe , Roe , & Mori 23, 
"violet" on Gonzalez Tamayo ll;6 & 2$0 , "blue-violet" on Rebolledo 
V^lez s.n. [20 .VIII .1967], "blue-purple" on Stuessy 959, "purple" 
on Genelle & Fleming 821; , Lyonnet 2972 , and Vilas 32|, and "clear- 
violet" on Gonzdlez Tamayo 193 . 

The Ifliguez 7k collection is a mixture with V. canescens H.B.K. 
The Spellenberg & Spellenberg 3062 and W. A, Weber 3303 , distribu- 
ted as \/\ ciliata , are actually V^ ambrosifolia Rydb., Marcks & 
Marcks 1231 is V. ciliata var. longidentata Periy, while Chilton 
s.n. [3/25A8] and Lehto , Brown , Nash , & Pinkava IO6U6 are V. 
gooddingii Briq., £. L^ Hitchcock 255itO is V. gooddingii var. nep- 
etifolia Tidestr., and Revere hon s.n. [Curtiss I963**] and Ruth 
110 are V. pumila Rydb. 

Additional citations: ARIZONA: Gila Co.: Moldenke &. Moldenke 
2 7916 (Ac, Ld). Pinal Co.: Thomber s.n. [Oracle, May 28, 1905] 
(N). MEXICO: Chihuahua: Stuessy 9^9 (Bl— 236250, Ws), 965 (Bl— 
236233). Coataiila: Roe , Roe , & Mori 23 (Ws). Durango: Matuda 
38528 (Ac)i Marcks & Marcks 1231 (Mi). Federal District: lyonnet 
2972 (W— 2636373) . Guanajuato: Genelle & Fleming 82U (N) . Hid- 
algo: Garcia Saucedo 2607 (Ws). Jalisco: Gonzilez Tamayo lli6 (Mi), 
193 (Mi), 250 (Mi). Mexico: E. R. Garcia 60 (Ws); Ifliguez Ti;, in 
part (WsJi Padilla 117 (Ws)j Rebolledo V4lez s.n. [20.VIII .I967] 
(Ws). Oaxaca: Vilas 325 (Ws) . Puebla: Ouerra 16 (Ws) . Zacatecas: 
Rinehart 73U6 (Mi). 

VERBEN/l CILIATA var. LONGIDENTATA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19U.; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 188— 190 L 192 
(1972), 21;: 51 (I972), and 28: 113. 1971. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in sandy-loam 
soil of oak-pine associations and in an open pine forest coated 
with epiphytic lichens and on thin black soils of a former shallow 
lake bed, the understory consisting of tufted grasses and dwarfed 
alpine herbs with bulbous underground storage organs, at 2700 feet 
altitxxde. Fosberg describes the plant as prostrate, "common local- 
ly on flat open roadside, almost bare soil". The corollas are 
said to have been "purple" on F. R^ Fosberg l;li66l . 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Cameron Co.: C. L. Lundell 10656 



197h Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 205 

(ki). Qrijnes Co.: L. C^ Hlggina 3951 (Ki) . San Patricio Co.: ]F\ 
R. FoBberg Ui66l (W — 2677U06) . Zapata Co.: Novoa & Cantu l8a 
7b1~210100) . MEHCO: Durango: Marcks & Karcks 1231 (Ws) . 

VHiBENA cm ATA var. PUBERA (Greene) Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just. Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19^1; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 188 & 190 (1972) 
and 2U: 51. 1972. 

Additional citations: NEBT MEXICO: Catron Co.: Weber & Salannui 
12771 (Bl— 201253). 

VERBENA CLAVATA Rvdz & Pav. 

Additional & emended synon^Tuy: Verbena clvaata Ruiz & Pav, ex 
Pers., Syn. PI. 3: 3U6, sphalm. 1819. Verbena clvaara Ruiz & Pav. 
ex Moldenke, Fifth Sunn. 2: 663, in syn. 1971. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 190 — 191 & 
2U0 (1972) and 25: 2Uh. 1973. 

VERBENA CLOVERAE Moldenke 

AddlUonal bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 220, 221, 
21x2, & 376 (1972) and 2ki Uh, U5, & 139. 1972. 

The corollas a.re said to have been "lavender" on C_. L. Lundell 
10823 and on Lundell & Lundell 1081^3 . 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Brooks Co.: £. L. Lundell 10823 
(Mi). Kenedy Co.: Lundell & Lundell 108U3 (Mi). Starr Co.: Clo- 
ver 1618 (Tu— 987I42— iaotype) . Zapata Co.: Barrera 5 (Bl— 1979lil)i 
M. Gonzalez 5 (Bl--209la6) ; Gonzalez & Gutierrez 33 (Bl— 197938) . 

VERBENA COCHABAMBENSIS Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. l8Us 
170. 1958} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 193. 1972. 

VERBENA CORYMBOSA Ruiz & Pav. 

Additional bibliography: Wamgerin & Krause in Just, Bot. Jahrea- 
ber. 60 (1): 751; [372] & 823. 19ia; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 260. 
1972 J F. Perry, Fls. World 303 & 320. 1972. 

Hatschbach encountered this plant growing in "brejo". The co- 
rolla is described as having been "violet" in color on Hatschbach 
28 316 . 

Aaditional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 28316 (Ld, N) . 

VniBENA CPJTHMIFOLU Gill. & Hook, 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 21 & 30. 
1972. 

The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color on Krapo - 
vickas , Cri8t6bal, Mroginski , & Fernandez 22321 and the leaves are 
narrower than is usual for this species. 

Additional citations: ARGENTINA: La Pampa: Krapovlckas , Cristo- 
bal, Mroginski , i Fernandez 22321 (Ld), 22598 (Ld) . Rio Negro: 
Krapovlckas , Cristobal , Mroginski , & Fernandez 22lih7 (Ld) . 



206 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

xVERBEN/V CROOKSMMSI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1, 
678 (1932) and pr. 2, 2: 678. 1971; Moldenke, Pi^ytologia 23: 195 
!c li35. 1972. 

xTERBENA DEAIOLI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies & M.aina, pr, 1, 
678. 1932} Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955} Rydb., Fl. Prairies 
& Plains, pr, 2, 2: 678. 1971} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 196. 1972. 

Fell (1955) comments that "X deamii Moldenke, stout and semi- 
decxmbent, resembling V. stricta but having brae ted flowers, is 
tmccBimon on roadsides" [in Winnebago Coiin'ty, Illinois] . 

VERBEML DELTICOIA Small 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19la; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. Sh: 1191;. 1972j 
Moldenke, Plytologia 23: 221—222, 226, 237, & 278 (1972) and 2U: 
22]i. 1972. 

The £, Rzedowski 27859 , distributed as V^ delticola, is actu- 
ally V. elegans var. asperata Perry. 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Cameron Co.: M_. G. Johnston 51|150 
(BI--9I999); C. L. Lundell IO68O (Mi). MEXICO: Nuevo Le6n: 
Pringle 1181;3 (Bl— lU98Ii9) . 

VERBEM DISSECTA Willd. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. 
U3. 1873; Raaibo, An. Bot. Herb. Barb. Rodr. 1: 123. I9h9i R. C 
Foster, Contrib, Gray Herb, 181;: 170. 1958} Cain, Man. Veg. Anal., 
pr. 1, 229. 1959} Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 89. 
1968; Angely, Fl. Anal. &; Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, 838 & xix. 
1971} Cain, Man. Veg. Anal., pr. 2, 229. 1971} Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 21a: 217 & 233. 1972. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant "among grass and 
weeds ... .flowers with strong but not unpleasant perfume." The 
corollas are said to have been "purple" on ^erdam & Beetle 22317 
and "purple-pink" on gyerdam & Beetle 23039 . The Morong 219, dis- 
tributed as V, dissecta , is actually V. tenuisecta Briq. The 
Herb. Humboldt speclaen cited below is deposited at Berlin. 

Additional citations: CHIIiE: Province undetermined: Nie s.n. 
[Herb, Humboldt] (Ba — photo of isotype) . ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires: 
Eyerdam & Beetle 23039 (Ba) . Catamarca: Brizuela 51^6 (Bl— IO5030), 
1037 (Bl— 105029). C6rdoba: Cuezzo 901 (Bl— 10503177 Jujuy: ^- 
erdaa & Beetle 22317 (Ba) . Santa F6: Kxintze s.n. [Ceres, Oct. 
I892] TBa— photo), 

VEEBEM DOMINGEHSIS Urb, 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 260, 1972, 
C\urtis collected this plant in open pine forests. 
Additional citations: HISPANIOLA: Haiti: J. T. Curtis s.n. 

[July 27, 19hh] (Ws) , . 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 207 

VHlBENi DUSENH Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 22ii— 22^. 
1972. 

Hatachbach describes this plant as procumbent or as an erect 
herb, $0 cm, tall. He found it growing in "brejo", floirertng in 
September and November. The corollas on Hatschbach 27058 are 
said to have been "lilac" and on 25322 as "dark-lilac" in color 
when fresh. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Hatschbach 25322 (Ld), 
27058 (Ld, N). 

VERBENA EHRENBERGIANA Schau., Linnaea 20: U77. I81i7. 

Additional bibliography: Schau., Linnaea 20: J477. iQhli Kearney, 
Ust Citations Place Publ. Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; Mol- 
denke, Phytologia 23: 225 & 293 (1972) and 2U: 250. 1972. 

It is worthy of note that this binomial was first validly pub- 
lished by Schauer in the volume of Linnaea cited above, psurt U 
(pp. 385—512) of which was published in August of 18U7, while 
EteCandolle's "Prodrcmus", volune 11, to which the binomial is 
usually credited (even by the original "Index Kewensis"), was not 
published until November 26 of that year. 

Recent collectors have found the plant growing on steep wet 
slop>e8 in Quercus - Liquidambar woods . The corollas are said to 
have been •♦white" on H. E. Moore 3962. Kelly reports the vernac- 
ular name "alfcmbrilla cimarrona" and states that the plant is 
used medicinally by the Totonac Amerinds "p>ara dolor del estomago". 

Additional citations: MEHCO: Hidalgo: H^ E. Moore 3962 (Ba) . 
Veracruz: I. Kelly 182 (Ba), 310 (Ba) . 

TEBEEHk ELEGAM5 H.B.K. 

Additional synonymy: Glandularia elegans (L.) anall ex Solbrig 
in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 82. I968. 

Additional bibliography: Paxt. Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. 
18U0; Schau., Linnaea 20: ii78. 18U7; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 
2, 328. I81i9; Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 60 (2): 
575. 191x1; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 82 & 87—89. 
1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 220, 225—229, 286, Ulh, U26, & U3I 
(1972), 2li: 36, 37, U7, U8, lli8, Sc 25U (1972), 25: 23U (1973), and 
23: 113. 197U. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in conifer 
woods, on roadside bankings, in the shade of oaks near streams, and 
in open meadows in fir woods, describing the stems as erect from 
rooting nodes, flowering in June (in addition to the months pre- 
vioiialy reported by me in this series of notes) . The corollas are 
said to have been "bright-rose" in color on H. E. Moore 3123 and 
"reddish-purple" on H^ £. Moore 3555 « Paxton (THUO) reports that 
the species was introduced into cultivation in England in 13U0, 
The Hidalgo 4 Anda s.n. [25/VI/1967] , cited below, is a mixture 
with Y. c anescens H.B.K. 

Solbrig (I968) reports the pollen fertility of this species is 



206 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

97 percent. 

The H, E, Moore 130lt , distributed as typical V. elegana , is ac- 
tually V^ elegans var. asperata Perry. 

Additional citations: ARIZONA.: Pima Co.: Gould & Haskell 3253a 
(Bl-~58UOU) . MEHCO: Hidalgo: Anduaga A. 3 (lii, Ws)j DiAz B. s.n. 
[28 .7111.1966] (Ws)} Hidalgo & Anda s.n. [25/VI/1967] (Ba, Ws)} 
H. E. Moore 3123 (Ba), 3$$$ (Ba). 

VERBENA ELEGANS H.B.K. ac V. PERUVIANA. (L.) Brit ton 

Additional synonymy: " Glandularia elegans x £, peruviana " Sol- 
brig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. 
Tax. 3? & 88. 1968 j Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 22?, 1|26, & U31 
(1972) and 2li: 37—38. 1972. 

So]l)rig (1968) reports that the pollen fertility in this hybrid 
is only 9 peircentl 

VERBENA ELEGANS H.B.K. x V. PULCHELIA Sweet 

Additional synonymy: " Glandular ia elegana x G^ pulchella " Sol- 
brig in Haywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. 
Tax. 87 & 88. I968; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 227 & U31 (1972) and 
2k:- U7— U8. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reports the pollen fertility of this hybrid as 
only 2li percent, 

VERBENA ELEGANS H.B.K. x V. STELIARIOIDES Cham. 

Additional synoqymy: "Glandularia elegans (L.) Small x Gl« 
stellaroides (Cham.) Schnack & Covas" ex Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. 
Meth. PI, Tax. 82. I968. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth, PI. Tax. 
82. 1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 227—228 & hi* 1972. 

VEEBENA. ELEGANS var. ASKIRATA Perry 

Additional bibliogrj^hy; Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19la} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 226, 228—229, 286, 
4 hlh (1972) and 2U: 251i. 1972. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as an upright or rambling 
herb, 1 1/2 feet tall, the inflorescence elongating in fruit, and 
found it growing on the rocky walls and floor of a barranca and on 
"ladara pizarrosa con vegetaci6n encinar". They record the addit- 
ional vernacular name "alfombria" . The corollas are s aid to have 
been "blue" on MacDougall H,519 , "reddish-purple" on Lundell & 
Lundell 12392, "red-purple" on H. E. Moore I30U, "opening red~RHS 
52/A with darker eye, fading to pink RH5 55/C with darker eye" on 
Buttles ton 2267 , and "corolla-lobes opening purple-lavender RHS Fa 
2 Red^>urple 67/B, fading lighter" on J. W. Peterson J. 2007 . 

D. G. Huttleston, in a letter to me dated November 2, 1973, says 
that this plant, which he took to be xV, teasii Moldenke, "is a very 



197li Moldenke, Notea on Verbena 209 

showy ornamental up until a severe freeze and is hardy [in Penn- 
sylvania] when winters are mild. Its fruiting racemes never get 
to be much more than 3 inches long, but in other characteristics 
it seems to fit [xV. teasii] ," Seeds were obtained from Conarxi- 
Pyle Company, 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Hidalgo: Lundell 4 Lundell 12392 
(ki); H. E. koore 130U (Ba). Oaxaca: MacDougall H.$19 (N). Quer- 
<taro: J^ Rzedowskl 27859 (Mi). CULTIVATED: Mexico: Philbrick 
302 (Ba). Pennsylvania: Huttleston 226? [Longw. Gard. 69511;] 
(Ba)} £. W. Peterson J. 2007 (Ld) . 

xVERBENA ENGELMANNII Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies Sc Plains, pr. 1, 
677. 1932; Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 123. 1955; Rydb., Fl. Prairies 
& Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677. 1971; Wherry, Bartonia Ul: 79. 1971; 
Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 229—230, 265, & U36 (1972) and 21;: 250. 
1972. 

Wherry (1971) records this hybrid fron Montgonery County, 
Pennsylvania. The Hotchkiss 1561, cited below, is in beginning 
anthesis, but exhibits rather few flowers per spike and these 
rather widely separated, the spikes rather weak auad very slender. 
It seems most probable to me, therefore, that it represents this 
hybrid. 

Additional citations: IHSTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Hotchkiss l56l (W— 
1769203) . 

VHffiEKA EPHEDROIDES Cham, 

Bnended synonyiiy: Verbena sphedroides Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fito- 
geogr, S, Paulo, ed. 1, U: xix, sphalm, 1971, 

Additional & emended bibliography: Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. 
Ii3. 1873; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, h- 839 
Sc xix, map 1392. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 260 & 1;37. 1972; 
A, L. Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 318, 1972. 

Hatschbach refers to this plant as a shrub, 1,5 m. tall, and 
found it growing in "brejo", flowering and fruiting in April. The 
corollas are said to have been "lilac" in color on Hatschbach 
2la37 while fresh. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatschbach 2la37 (N) , 

xVERBENA FERAI Moldenke 

Additional synonymy: " Glandularia canadensis x G. racemosa " 
Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968, « 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod, Meth. PI, Tax. 
88. 1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 231. 1972. 

TESBmk FILICAULIS Schau. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Braga, PI. Nordest., ed. 2, 
li76. I960; Reitz, Sellowia 22: 11^5 . 1970; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fito- 
geogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, 1;: 839 «St xix, map 1392. 1971; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 260. 1972. 



210 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

Recent collectors refer to this plant as "erect", "decumbent •♦, 
or "procumbent", and have foxmd it growing in "brejo". Hatschbach 
encountered it "do campo limpo levamente linido", flowering in 
March. The corollas are described as having been "violet" in col- 
or on Hatschbach 265U9, Hatschbach , Smith. & ELein 2826U, and 
"lilac" on Hatschbach 26225. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Hatschbach 20082 (Ba), 
2622$ (Ld), 26$U9 (Ld)j Hatschbach , Smith , & Klein 2826U (Ld, Ld) . 

VERBENA GLABRATA H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 222, 232— 
233, & 293 (1972) and 2h: 30. 1972. 

Soejarto describes this plant as a "small shnibj fragrant smellj 
used as remedy for colds" in Colombia. Recent collectors have en- 
countered it in wet meadows, irtiile Fosberg reports it "common in 
grassy places on top of low hills grazed by goats" . My wife and I 
found it growing abundantly on grassy roadsides and along fencerows 
in Ecuador. The flowers are described on £\ R_, Fosberg 276I4.6 as 
having the "corollas pale-lavender, calyxes maroon" . liaterial 
has been misidentified and distributed in some herbaria under the 
designation Lippia nodiflora L. 

Additional citations: COLOMBIA: Narilio: Soejarto 1010 (Oa) . EC- 
UADOR: Chlmborazo: F. R. Fosberg 276U6 (W— 2638259) . CotopaxL: 
Holm-Nielsen & Jex?pesen llli7 (Ld) . Pichincha: Asplund I603O (W— 
2652ii59). 

VEEBENA GLDTINOSA Kuntze 

Additional & emended bibliography: Schnack & Covas, Darwiniana 
7: 72, 71;, & 75, pl. 2 E. 19ii5i Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 23li, iOS, 
& U26. 1972. 

VEHBENA GOODDINGII Briq. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena goddingii Briq, ex Fedde & Schust. 
in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 5U (2): 7U7. 193U. 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 5U (2): 7ii7 (193li) and ^9 (2): Ul7. 1939} Moldenke, Phytologia 
23: 368, 37li, & li36 (1972) and 2U: U5. 1972} Rickett, -Vild Fls. U. 
S. 6 (3): $hh Sc 783. 1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 111 & 113. 
197li. 

Recent collectors have come upon this plant in gravelly soil 
pockets on rock cliff faces, in flat desert country, along pennan- 
ent streams in oak-Sonoran Desert zone, and in the Upper Sonoran 
life-zone with pinyons and jxmipers in sunny rocky washes. Wolf 
reports it as "ccmmon" and Holmgren says "locally cosmnon on basalt 
rocky slope". Lehto and his associates report that the plant is 
grazed in Pima County, Arizona. The corollas are described as 
having been "lavender" on Moran 17739, "lavender-blue" on C« B. 
Wolf 7021 , "pale-violet" on Dress 2902 , "pale-lilac" on Dress 
3257 , and "coroUa-tube pale-yellow, lobes blue" on N. H. Holmgren 
330?. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 211 

The McClintock ^2-11iQ , distributed as V. gooddlngii , is actu- 
ally var. nepetifolia Tidestr. 

Additional citations: UTAH: Washington Co.: Gould 1730 (Bl — 
53352). NEVADA: Clark Co.: Train lli$8 (Bl— 23720) . NEW MEHCO: 
Sandoval Co.: Plowman & Kilham AP.I8 (Oa) . ARIZONA: Cochise Co.: 
Vogel s.n. [9 June I962] (81—172217). Coconino Co.: Dress 2902 
(Ba). Maricopa Co.: Chilton s.n. [3/25A8] (Bl— I3OO88) . Mohave 
Co.: Cottam I3O8O (Bl— 100093); Dress 3257 (Ba)j C. L. Hitchcock 
2$6lh (Bl— 2lfSC5) ; Hollister 509^B1^^66) j N. H. Holmgren 3303 
(W— 26148317). Pima Co.: Lehto, Brown , Nash , & Pinkava IO6U6 (N) . 
CALIFORNIA: San Bernardino Co.: C. 3. Wolf 7021 (Ba) . MEXICO: 
Baja California: Moran 17739 (LdTT 

VERBENA GOODDINGII var. NEPETIFOLIA Tidestr. 

Additional synor^my: Verbena godding ii var. nepetifolia Tidestr. 
ex Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 5U (2): 7U7. 193U. 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 5U (2): 7U7 (1931) and 59 (2): U17. 1939; Kearney, List Cita- 
tions Place Publ. Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 [typescr.]. 1951; I^oldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 235—237 & U36 (1972) and 28: 111. 197U. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as a repent herb, irith 
slightly fragrant flowers, "occasional along arroyos" or "locally 
common in disturbed areas". Denham refers to it as "conunon and 
widespread in semi-desert" parts of Arizona. The corollas are 
said to have been "rose" colored on k'oran 7893 or "corolla-lobes 
between RHS Mineral Violet 635/2 and 63^/2, proximally greenish- 
white" , 

Material of this variety has been misidentified and distributed 
in some herbaria as V, ambrosifolia f . eglandulosa Perry. 

Additional citations: ARIZONA: Cochise Co.: Denham 2055 (Bl— 
2Ui703) . Pima Co.: C. L. Hdtchcock 255UO (Bl— 21569U) . luma Co.: 
McClintock 52-ll;8 (Bl— 226lli) . MEXICO: Baja California: Bell & 
Newcomb 1356 (Bl— 73739); Koran 7893 (Ba, Bl— 200798); Moran , With- 
am, L Hommersand l65Ul (Ba, Bl— 2UOI86) . CULTIVATED: Pennsylvania: 
Peele lOUl [Longw. Card. 63221] (Ba) . 

VHIBENA GRACILESCEN5 (Cham.) Herter 

Einended synonymy: Verbena offinalia var. gracileacens Cham, ex 
Angely, Fl. Anal, & Fitogeogr. S. Paxilo, ed. 1, hi 839, sphalm, 
1971. 

Additional t emended bibliography: Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. 
U3. 1873; R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. 18U: 170. 1958; Angely, 
Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, U: 839. 1971; Moldenke, 
Ptytologia 21;: 217 (1972) and 25: 2Ui. 1973. 

The corollas are described as having been "blue" on Ruiz Huido- 
bro 3182 & 3216 and on Rosengurtt Gallinal 5803 . 

Additional citations: BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz: Peredo U23 (N) . URU- 
GUAY: Rosengurtt Gallinal 5803 (Ba) . ARGENTINA: Santa F6: Ruiz 
Huidobro~3182 (Bl— 10Uli21). 3216 (Bl) . Tucunin: Herrera 321 (N) . 



212 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

VERBENA GRACILIS Desf. 

Additional bibliography: Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. 
Spp. Ariz, Fl. 112 [typescr.]. 1951; Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex^ 
ed. 1, 328, fig. 263-A. 1969} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 238—239, 
2U2, & 37k. 1972. 

Additional illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 
1, fig. 263-A. 1969. 

Detling encountered this plant growing in a woodland of Pinus 
cembroides and Quercus toxmeyi on a rolling plateau in Durango. 
Sanchez Sanchez found it (I969) in the pedregal of the Valley of 
Mexico, blooming there in July. 

The Roe & Roe 2Ul8 , distributed as V, gracilis , is actually V. 
canescens H.B.K., while H, E, Moore 1625 is _V. menthaefolia Benth. 
The Lemmon 2858, cited below, is probably an isotype of V. ariz- 
onica A. Gray. The label on the specimen reads "Tanner's Cafion, 
Huachuca Mts . July 1882. J. G. Lemraon 2858". The original de- 
scription by Gray (1883) gives the locality of collection as "S. 
Arizona, in cafions near Fort Huachuca, Lemmon", with no collector's 
nvmiber nor date of collection indicated. 

Additional citations: ARIZONA: Cochise Co.: Lemmon 2858 (Tu — 
I63803). MEHCO: Durango: DetUng 8101 (W— 2669337) . 

VERBENA GUARANITICA (Troncoso) Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: "S. K. J.", Biol. Abstr. $ki 2319. 
1972} Anon., Biol. Abstr. 51 (U) : BJL.S.I,C. S.276 (1972) and 5U 
(5): BJ^.S.I.C. S.106 & S.272. 1972} Moldenke. Biol. Abstr. 5Uj 
1725. 1972} Cabrera, Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. lii: 258. 1972} Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 23: 239~2UG, 301, lO-Q, & Ul9 (1972) and 25: 2JiO. 
1973. 

VERBENA HALEI Small 

Additional bibliography: Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. 
Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 [typescr.]. 1951} Mahler, Keys Vase. PI. Black 
Gap, ed. 3, 70. 1971} Ryland, U. S. Dept. Agr. PI. Invent. I78: 
28 & 281^. 1972} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 219, 237, 2liO— 214;, & 302 
(1972) and 2li: 22li & 257. 1972} Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 
5Ui & 783. 1973. 

Recent collectors have encoiintered this plant in fields and along 
roadsides, in moist bottomland pastures, in oak-pine associations, 
and "on rocky hills with thin s^ravelly soil and oak-pine grassland". 
The corollas are described as "lavender" on Lundell & Lundell 
1081t7 & 12107 , "purple" on C. L. Lundell 10689 . and "lavender- 
purple" on H^ E. Moore 529 . 

Inland (197^ reports this plant in cultivation, probably at 
Beltsville, Maryland, from seeds collected by Robert MacEwan in 
Bexar County, Texas. 

Additional citations: SOUTH CAROLINA: Aiken Co.: Ellison & O.- 
lison 1010 (Bl— 251005). GEORGIA: Dougherty Co.: Moldenke & Mol- 
denke 26908 (Ac, Ba, Ld) . FLORIDA: Leon Co.: Godfrey 5^3a TbI) . 
Walton Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 2673U (Ac, Ba, Ld, Ws) . MISSISS- 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 213 

IPPI: Harrison Co.: Richmond a.n. [Apr. 30, 1961i] (Ba) . LOUISI- 
ANA: Union Par.: Thomas & al. 13$01 (Bl— 2Ui367) . TEXAS: Bexar 
Co.: J. 0. Perez 71 (Bl — 209^5111^ Cameron Co.: C, L. Lundell 
10689TMiy. Dallas Co.: Lundell h. Lundell 1210? (mT- Dinmlt 
Lo,: Ramirez & Cardenas 3 (Bl — '209Ui2) . Frio Co.: Ramirez & Car- 
donaa 25 (Bl— 210679) . Galveston Co.: Llndhelmer 155 (Bl— 
262806). Gonzales Co.: L^ H^ Bailey 756 (Ba) . Harris Co.: L^ C. 
Hlgglns 3925 (Ml). Kenedy Co.; Lundell & Lundell 108U7 (Itl) « U- 
vaca Co.: Strotber 185 (Bl— 1978U9) . Rusk Co.: C. E. Porter 51- 
1830 (Bl— 81769). San Patricio Co.: Holden s.n. [Aransas City, 
10 May 1890] (Ml). Smith Co.: H. ^ Moore 529 (Ba) . ffebt Co.: 
Novoa & Cantu 10 (Bl— 210116) . MEXICO: Chihuahua: Prlngle s.n. 
[Ortiz, Apr. 11, 1887] (Bl— lii9327) . Tamaulipaa: Domlaguez M. & 
McCart 8I83 (Bl— 197825)} Res^ndez 9 (Bl— 197872) . Veracruz: 
Gutierrez R_. 218 (Ws) . Zacatecaa: Taylor & Taylor 6230 (N) . 

VERBENA HALEI f . ROSEIFLORA (Benke) Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Juat, Bot. Jahroe- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 191^; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 2Ui. 1972. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing on roadbanks. 
The corollas are described as having been "pink" on Dress & Han- 
sen 91it . 

Additional citations: GEORGIA: Charlton Co.: Dress & Hansen 
911; (Ba). 

VERBENA HASSLERANA Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Staflen, Intemat. Code Bot. Non. U25. 
1972; Moldenke, Phytologla 23: 2Ui (1972) and 25: 368. 1973} Anon., 
Biol. Abstr. 56 (2): B.A.S.I.C. S.280. 1973; Moldenke, Biol. 
Abstr. 56: 653. 1973. 

VERBENA HASSLERANA var. GUNDULOSA Moldenke, Phytologla 25: 368. 
1973. 

Bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologla 25: 368 (1973) and 26: 363. 
1973; Anon., Biol. Abstr. 56 (2): BJl.S.I.C. S.280. 1973; Molden- 
ke, Biol. Abstr. 56: 653. 1973. 

Citations: BRAZIL: Mato Grosso: Hatschbach 296OO (Z — type), 

VERBENA HASTATA L. 

Additional synonyny: Verbena urtlcae fol, angnstiore flora 
coerul. Herm, ex Rlvln., Introd, Gen. Ren Herb, Ord. PI. Irreg, 
Monop, [2U] . 1690. Verbena hastata Q^ florlbus vlolaceia Wllld,, 
Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. I8O9. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Rlvin., Introd. Gen. Rob 
Herb. Ord. PI. Irreg. Monop. [21;], 5I. [57]. I69O; Ra^usch,. Hcb, 
Bot,, ed. 3, 3. 1797; Desf., Tabl. Bcol. Bot., ed. 1, 55. IBOUj 
Wllld., Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. 1809; Desf,, Tabl, ficol, 
Bot,, ed. 2, 66. 1815; S. Ell., Sketch, pr. 1 & 2, 2: 97—98 
(1821) and 2: 7U3, 182U; Bl«el,- Florul, Boston., ed. 1, 238—239. 
182U; J, Torr,, Compend, Fl, 238, 1826; Mohl, Ann, Sci, Nat,, ■•r. 



22h PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

2, 3: 319. 1835} Bigel., Florul. Boston., ed. 3, 2$h^ l8U0j Paxt., 
Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. 18U0} J. Torr.. Fl. N. T. 2: 51— 
52. I81i3i Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 2, 328. l8U9j 0. R. "Srillis, 
Fl. Westchester Co. 801. 1880; J. L. Bennett, PI. Rhode lal. 30. 
I888j K. Brandeg.. Zoe U: 216. 1893} J. Jacks., Fl. Worcester 
Co., ed. 2, UO. I89li} W. Stone, Rep. N. J. State Mas. 1910 (2): 
660 & 661. 1911} W. C. Ferguson, TorreTa 25: 113. 1925} Wangerin 
in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 53 (2)i 6hh* 1925} Bleiritt, Fl. Watarbuiy 
105. 1926: Clute, Am. Botanist 33: 112. 1927} Tischler, Tabul. 
Biol. U: U3. 1927} Griere, Modern Herb., pr. 1, 2: 832. 1931} 
Benner, Fl. Bucks Co. 255. 1932} Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 

1, 677—678 & 967, fig. U79. 1932} Wangerin in Just. Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 56 (1): 668. 1935} Oertel, U. S. Dept. Agr. Circ. 551i: 35. 
1939} Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wildlife & PI., pr. 1, Ulix. 1951} 
W. A. Weber, Handb. PI. Colo. Front Range, ed. 1, 156--157. 1953} 
L. Bradley, Ferns & Flow. PI. Audub. Center 67 & 100. 1955} Fell, 
Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955} C. E. Phillips, Weeds Northeast 32 t 
80. 1956} Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wildlife & PI., pr. 2, kllx, 
1961} W. A. Weber, Handb. PI. Colo. Front Range, ed. 2, 156—157. 
I96I} Nair & Retanan, Bull. Nat. Bot. Card. Lucknow 76: 3 — 5, text 
fig. 5. 1962} Grieve, Modem Herb., pr. 2, 2: 832. 1967} W. 1. 
Weber, Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 1, 306. 1967} Betz & Cole, Trans. 111. 
Acad. Sci. 62: U8. 1969} Stuckey & Wentz, Ohio Joum. Sci. 69: 
237. 1969} Delorit, Illustr. Tax. Man. Weed Seeds 96 & 97. 1970} 
[Morris Co. Park Coram,] Anon., Fl. & Fauna Great Swanqp, ed. 1, 12. 
1971} Eilers, Univ. Iowa Stud. Nat. Hist. 21: 60 & 123. 1971} S. 
Ell., Sketch, pr. 3, 2: 97—98 & 7iO. 1971} Ellis, Vofford, & 
Chester, Castanea 36: 21^2. 1971} Rydb., Fl. Prairies 4 Plains, pr. 

2, 2: 677—678 & 967, fig. U79. 1971} Sipple, Bartonia kl'- 27. 
1971} Wherry, Bartonia U.: 79. 1971} Chuey, Ohio Joum. Sci. 72: 
U3. 1972} D. S. & H. B. Correll, Aquat. & Wetland PI. SH , U. S. 
1396, [1398], & 1399, fig. 651;. 1972} Crum, Proc. Iowa Acad, Sci. 
78: 86. 1972} Famsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 7 (8): xxvii & ±ttm 
161a9. 1972} Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 5U: 1729. 1972} NetUeton i 
al.. Detect. Potent. Antitumor Agents (mss.) 1972} W. A. Weber, 
Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 2, 306. 1972} Wilkinson & Jaques, How Know 
Weeds, ed. 2, 12U, 207, 219, 222, 228, & 231, fig. 299 & 300. 
1972} Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 21—22, 51, 135, 22Ji, 230, 2U7, & 
2U9 (1972) and 25: 225 & 227. 1973} Cody, Ind. Sem. 1973: 26. 
1973} Farnsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 6, Cum. Gen. Ind. [121] (1973) 
and 8 (6): x & U79. 1973} Loounasson, Nebr, Wild Fls. 86 & I8U. 
1973} A. L. Moldenke, Phytologia 25: 167. 1973} Ralph, Checklist 
Vase. PI. Plant Coram. 29. 1973} Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 
5l4lt, [5Ii5], & 783, pi. 196. 1973} Rimpler & Schafer, Tetrahed. 
Let. 17: llt63— II16U. 1973} W. Stone, PI. South. N. J., pr. 2, 660. 
1973. 

Additional & emended illustrations: Rivin,, Introd. Gen. Ren 
Herb. Ord. PI. Irreg. Monop. pi. [57]. 1690} Rydb., Fl. Prairies 
& Plains, pr. 1, 678, fig. U79. 1932} Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. 
Wildlife & PI., pr. 1, klh (1951) and pr. 2, Ulli. 1961} Delorit, 
Illustr. Tax. Man. Weed Seeds 97 (in color). 1970} Rydb,, Fl. 
Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 678, fig. U79. 1971} Wilkinson & 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Varbena 21$ 

Jaquea, How Know Weeds, ed. 2, 12U, fig. 299. 1972; D. 3. & H. B, 
Correll, Aquat. i Wetland PI. SW. U. S. [1398], fig. 65U. 1972; 
Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5U5], pl. 196 (in color). 1973. 

The Corrells (1972) comment that "In dry fields and pastures a 
field-form is developed with the leaves more canescent-puberulous 
beneath and slightly rough above, the stem many-branched, aind the 
terminal inflorescences in many groups, all more or less equally 
dense". My son, my wife, and I have observed this curious form 
many times in dry pastures in the mid-western states. It seems to 
me to be worthy of nomenclatural recognition, but this has as yet 
not been done. 

Crura (1972) records V, hastata from Black Hawk County, Iowa, 
where he notes that it inhabits marsh edges and moist prairies, 
is frequent, and flowers in July. Ellis, Wofford, & Chester (1971) 
record it fron Trigg County, Kentucky. Wherry (1971) found it in 
Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. T^ilkinson 5c Jaques (1972) de- 
scribe the species as "Common in moist places", flowering from 
jTine to September. Bradley (19$5) records it as "fairly common in 
open swamps" in Fairfield County, Connecticut. Benner (1932) re- 
ports it as frequent in low ground, especially in waste places, 
and cites fron Bucks County, Pennsylvania, a collection by Ruth 
from Monroe, by Long frcm Rich Hill, Morrisville, Qnilie, and 
Grenoble, by Fretz from Pleasant Point, by Meredith from Doyles- 
toTm, and by MacElwee frcxn Tullytown, 

Torrey (18U3) gives its habitat in New York state as "Wet 
meadows and margins of creeks", blocaning from July to September. 
In the experience of my son, n^r wife, and myself in observing 
this species for many years in the northeastern and middle Atlaua- 
tic states, this is an accurate description of its noraial habitat 
in this portion of its range. Eilers (1971) records it as conmon 
in marshes, on moist prairies, and in open alluvial woods in Ben- 
ton, Black Hawk, Bremer, Buchanan, Butler, Cerro Gordo, Chickasaw, 
Delaware, Floyd, Grundy, Hardin, Johnson, Linn, and Winneshiek 
Counties, Iowa. Raeuschel (1797) gives its native home as "Cana- 
da". Sone (1911) describes it as "One of the components of the 
typical late summer flora of the damp meadows and swanps of the 
Middle district [of New Jersey] along with Eupatorium macula tun , 
S. perfoliatum, Asclepias pulchra , Vernonla noveboracensis , etc." 
He also notes that it inhabits "Open moist ground" and is "comnon 
throughout the State, except in the Pine Barrens, where it is ab- 
sent" flowering from "Late June to early September", Paxton 
(iBliO) tells us that it was introduced into cultivation in England 
in 1810, but is "worthless" horticulturally. 

Fell (1955) says that in Winnebago County, Illinois, V. hastata 
is "Common on roadsides and in open woods and pastures but usually 
in damp soil. X rydbergii Koldenke, a hybrid with V, striata is 
conmon and variable," Blewitt (1926) records V. hastata as fre- 
quent at Waterbury, Connecticut, in "Fields, roadsides and waste 
places, in moist and dry soil", flowering there in July and August. 
Willis (1880) reports it from "Waste places about dwellir^s" In 
Westchester County, New Yoric. Oertel (1939) states that it is a 



216 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

honey and pollen plant in Texas, while Uartin and his associates 
(19^1) assert that its seeds are eaten by such birds as the stilt 
sandpiper, lark bunting, cardinal, junco, and field, song, swanp, 
tree, and white-croTmed sparrows and the entire plant is eaten by 
cottontail rabbits. 

Stuckey & Wentz (1969) report that V^ hastata is an infrequent 
species upstream from Lima, Ohio, inhabiting river bottoms. Pollu- 
tion of the river has caused it to be completely absent now down- 
stream from that city. The same is now true of Eleocharis obtusa , 
Eupatorivm perfoliatum , Juncus torreyi , Scirpus atrovirens , Siun 
suave, and Sparganium eurycarpum . These same species are wide- 
spread and generally common in roadsides and drainage ditches 
where the city pollution into the river has not reached them. 

It should be noted that the " Verbena pinnatifida Lam." of Nair 
& Rehman (1962) is most probably a misidentification of V. tenui - 
secta Briq. The lO. £. White s.n. [27 Aug. 19U6], distributed as 
V. hastata , is actually var. scabra Moldenke. 

Recent collectors have found Vj, hastata growing in meadows, 
open pond banks, and wet soil in general. The corollas on Molden- 
ke & Moldenke 9886 are described as having been "blue", but since 
I am more or less colorblind to reds, it is probable that they 
were actually the normal piirple of the typical form of this species, 

Delorit (1970) describes the seeds of V. hastata as follows: 
"Oblong in outline j about the same width ^Eroughout . Dorsal side 
convex, its margins winged downwardj ventral side granular, two- 
faced forming a longitudinal ridge where they join. Both ends of 
the seed usually bluntly rounded. Dorsal side usvially with three 
to five weak but rather broad-based longitudinal ribs with a few 
weak transverse ribs which frequently occur only between the mai^ 
gins and the first adjacent longitudinal rib. Transverse ribs 
usually occur only in the upper one-fourth to one-third of the 
seed. Seed scar oval, oblique, white. Dark reddish-bixwn to al- 
most black, 1.7 — 2.0 mm long, 0.7 — 0.9 mm wide." 

Rimpler & Schafer (1973) have isolated the chemical "hastato- 
cid" from this species and V^ officinalis L. 

The corollas on E^ C^ Leonard 20629 are described as having 
been "purple", the usual color for the typical form of this spe- 
cies, in spite of the fact that the most commonly used English 
vernacular name for it is "blue vervain"^ perhaps indicating a 
wider prevalence of red-colorblindedness in the general populace 
than is usually assumed. 

The H. G_. Smith s.n. [Berkeley, Colo.l, cited by me in a previ- 
ous installment of these notes as typical V. hastata , seems better 
placed as var. scabra Moldenke, as are also the Ramaley 12393 4 
12890 distributed in some herbaria as typical V. hastata . Hotch- 
kiss 1561 is probably xV. engelmannii Moldenke7 ~Horr )i691 is xV. 
rydbergii Moldenke , and Field Mus. Boon. PI. 5669 is not veAena- 
ceous . 

Additional citations: QUEBEC: Sherbrooke Co.: Poulin & Legault 



197b Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 217 

8g07 (Bl— 210631). Wolfe Co.: Blale , Hamel , & Legault 111^98 (Bl- 
222085); Hamel 130^0 (Bl— 223la8). VERMOWT: Windham Co.: Molden- 
ke & Moldenke 9886 (Ba) . NEff YORK : Ontario Co . : A . H. Graves s_. 
n. lAug. 29, 1923] (Ba), s.n. [Aug. 22, 1921;] (BaJT Queens Co.: 
Wendolovski s.n. [July 22, 1696] (Ba). Schuyler Co.: VcCarty s.n. 
[Watkins, Aug. 1887] (Ba) . NEW JERSEY: Middlesex Co.: Kelsey 173 
(Ba). MARYLAND: Garrett Co.: E. L. Braun s.n. [VII-25-06] (V— 
2712375). Harford Co.: Shull 106 (W— 6U0955) . Prince Georges 
Co.: Knowlton s.n. [July 25, 1897] (W— 336825) ; E. C. Leonard 
19l|22 (W— 189^11^77 W—1895U58), 20629 (W--2162717, W— 2162718) . 
Plunmer's Island: Killip 31909 (W— 2761259) . DISTRICT OF COLUM- 
BIA: Collector undesignated s.n. [First Locks in Potomac] (W — 
221211); Eseltine 157 (W— 6U2215); E. C_. Leonard U66 (¥—2163036); 
Seaman s.n. (W— 787355); Steele s.n. [July 16, I896] (W— 36U285, 
W— 36U286); Tides trom 829li (Vf— 1769327) ; Ward s.n. [Aug. 12, 1877] 
(W— l]i7576), s^n. [1878] (W— 276l2li9, W— 2761250) , s^n. (W— 155633). 
VIRGINIA: Fairfax Co.: W. Palmer s.n. [Aug. 10, I9OI] (W— lli38795) . 
Fauquier Co.: Allard 53ll9 (W— 1787552) . OHIO: Hamilton Co.: £. L. 
Braun s.n. [IX-3-03] (W— 2712376) . Lorain Co.: Dick s.n. [August 
9, I89li] (Mi). INDIANA: Lake Co.: Shiaek s.n. [Sept. 1, 1920] 
(Bl— IO52U3). Madison Co.: McCoy 2237 (Bl— 131299). KENTUCKY: 
Boone Co.: E. L^ Braun 331ii (W— 2667625) . MINNESOTA: Mahnanen 
Co.: R. G. Baker s.n. [June, July I96I1] (Bl— 2lLi58Ii) . COLORADO: 
Weld Co.: Ar£ 1351 (Bl— 250952) . NEBRASKA: Cherry Co.: G. N. 
Jones 35870 (Bl— 191350) . OKLAHOMA: Muskogee Co.: Wall is 7728 
(Ba) . LOCALITY OF COLLECTION UNDETERMINED: Burke s.n. [Snake 
country] (Pd) ; Field Mus. Econ. PI. 271190 (Oa) . 

VERBENA HAST ATA f . ALBIFLORA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 266, 1972. 

Lairrence & Dress describe this as a perennial plant, 1 m. tall, 
with white flowers, growing in marshy giround, flowering and fruit- 
ing in August. 

Additional citations: NEW JERSEY: Ocean Co.: Lawrence & Dress 
570 (Ba) . 

VERBENA HASTATA f. CAERULEA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 266—267. 1972, 
The corollas on Ej^^ C_. Leonard 19915 are described as having been 
"bright-blue" when fresh. 

Additional citations: MARYLAND: Prince Georges Co.: E. C. Leo - 
nard 19915 (w— 1873203) . 

VffiBENA HASTATA f . ROSEA Cheney 

Additional synonyro^: Verbena hastata |J floribus rubris Willd., 
Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. I8O9. 

Additional bibliography: WiUd., Sium. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. 
1809; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 267 & klh* 1972. 



218 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

VERBEM H/ISTATA var. SCABRA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: K. Brandeg., Zoe k'- 216. 1893; D. S. 
& H. B. Correll, Aquat. & Wetland PI. Sa, U. S. 1396 & 1399. 1972; 
Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 262, 26ii, 265, & 267—268. 1972} A. L. 
Moldenke, Phytologia 25: 167. 1973. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in low meadows 
and in sandy soil of Yuc ca-Art emis ia-Rhus communities. Brandegee 
refers to it as "very abundant, 5 — 8 feet tall" on Bouldin Island, 
California. It has been collected in flower and fruit in August 
and at altitudes up to U500 feet. The Corrells (1972) assert that 
it "differs in its more rigid leaves that are conspicuously scab- 
rous above and often more or less comspicuously pubescent b3ne&th''. 
They state that it is known from Hemphill County, Texas, and give 
its overall distribution as "a western form of the species, B.C., 
Ida., Mont, and K.D. to Calif., N. M. and Tex., e. to Wise, and 
Kan." 

The Over 7079 , Ramaley 12393 & 12890 , and I[. G. Smith s.n. , 
cited below, were previously imported by me as typical V. hastata 
in this series of notes before the variety was recognized nanen- 
claturally . 

Additional citations: SOUTH DAKOTA: Washabaugh Co.: Over 7079 
(Bl— U2326). UTAH: Salt Lake Co.: F. E, Leonard s.n. [July 17, 
I881i] (Mi). COLORADO: Boulder Co.: W. A. Weber 13388 (Bl— 218522). 
Denver Co.: H. G. Smith s.n. [Berkeley, Aug. 2, I9OI] (Bl— U2312). 
Las Animas Co.: C. M. Rogers 1^981 (Bl — 55579). Weld Co.: Raaaley 
12393 (Bl— 1231677 12890 (Bl-4l23l5) . NEBRASKA: Holt Co.: 0. E. 
White s.n. [27 Aug. 19k6] (W~26U6207). TE3CAS: Potter Co.: L. C. 
Higgins I18U2 (Mi). WASHINGTON: Yakima Co.: Kruckeberg 25U5 (Bl— 
79935) . 

VERBENA HATSCHBACHI Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 268. 1972. 

The corollas on Hatschbach 2l|.707 are described as having been 
"violet" in color when fresh. This collector refers to the plant 
as procumbent and fovmd it flowering in Septenfcer. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 2U707 (N). 

VERBENA HAYEKII Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 268 & 270, 
1972. 

This plant has been collected in flower in October (in addition 
to the months previously recorded by me in these notes). Material 
has been misidentif ied and distributed in some herbaria under the 
name V. littoradis H.B.K. 

Additional citations: PERU: Cuzco: E. L. Johnson 6 310 (Bl — 
55080) . 

VERBENA. HIRTA Spreng. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Reitz, Sellowia 22: m5. 
I97OJ Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k'- 839, »ap 



197h Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 219 

1392. 1971; Moldenke, Pl^ytologia 23: 263—269. 1972; A. L. Molden- 
ke, Phjrtologia 23: 318. 1972. 

The Angely (1971) work cited in the bibliography above waa 
previously cited as "1970", the title-page date, but was actually 
not issued until 1971. 

The Eitens describe this plant as a low shrub and foxmd it grow- 
ing at altitudes of 2300 — 2U50 meters on open sedge-grass slopes 
and "On planalto of steep hilly terrain, mary hills topped with 
moiintainous outcrops of bare sienite quartz, the hillsides with 
frequent rounded outc trapping quartz rocks and boulders and a thin 
black almost pure humus soil supporting a periodically-burned nat- 
ural tussock sedge-grassland with scattered low Chusquea bamboo 
and occasionally other shrubs, the lower valley sides often with 
dense Chusquea brakes or brooks linea with a marsh of Cladiim in 
tussocks or with 'trunks' of massed rhizomes." Hatschbach reports 
that the plant grows to 35 cm. tall and found it growing on campos 
and on "campo seco llmpo" . 

The corollas are described as having been "lilac" in color on 
Hatschbach 25606 , 258U3 , & 26UU0, "violet" on Hatschbach , Smith , & 
Klein 23312 and Krapovickas, Crist6bal , & Maruflak 23375 , "purple" 
on Eiten & Siten 666O, and "light-violet with a violet center" on 
Eiten & Siten 6611 . 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatschbach 25606 (N), 
2581^3 (Ld), 26l4itO (Ac) . Rio de Janeiro: Eiten & Eiten 6611 (W— 
2687599), 6660 (W— 2687722). Santa Catarina: Hatschbach , Sfaith , 
& Klein 28312 (Ld) . ARGENTINA: Misiones: Krapovickas , Cristobal , 
& Maruflak 23375 (Ld) . 

VERBENA HIRTA var. GRACILIS Dus6n 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 269. 1972. 

The corollas on Hatschbach & Gui marges 25U03 are said to have 
been "lilac" in color when fresh and these collectors describe 
the plant as a subshrub, UO cm. tall, growing in a dry can^xj. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach & QuiaarSes 
25U03 (N). 

VERBENA HISPrDA Ruiz & Pav. 

Additional t emended bibliography: Paxt,, Pock. Bot. Diet,, ed. 
1, 323 (I8UO) and ed. 2, 328. 16U9; Anon., Kew Bull. Misc. Inf. 
1929, App. 3: 108. 1929; R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. I8U: 
170. 1958; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, U: 839. 
1971; Beadle, Evans, Carolin, i Tindale, Fl. Sydney Reg., ed. 2, 
507. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 269—270 & 291. 1972; A. L. 
Moldenke, Pt^tologia 23: 313. 1972. 

According to Paxton (13U0) this species was introduced into cul- 
tivation in England in I3l6; the form known as V. glandulosa in 
1832. Beadle and his associates (1972) state that the species is 
"Rare" in the Sydney, Australia, region, "Introd. frora S. Amer.", 
and the plants always "under 1 m high", with "Glandular hairs pres- 
ent on inflorescence". The corollas are said to have been "pale- 



220 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 2 

mauve" on Alston 1603 » 

Material of V. hlspida has been misldentified and distributed 
in some herbaria as V_. officinalis L . and V^ rigida Spreng . 

Additional citations: SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province: Lake 2999 
(Ba). CEYLON: Alston 1603 (Pd) . CULTIVATED: Ceylon: Collector 
undetermined s.n. [Hakegala BotanicsLL Garden, Jan, 1888] (Pd) . 

VERBENA. HOOKERIANA. (Covas & Schnack) Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 368 & U26. 
1972. 

The corollas on Ruiz Leal 20012 are said to have been "rose to 
lilac" in color when fresh. 

Additional citations: ARGENTINA.: Mendoza: Ruiz Leal 20012 
(TU--162U22) . 

VERBENA HUMIFUSA Cham. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 218, 1972, 
Additional citations: BRAZIL: State undetermined: Selloir 3,n. 

(Ba — cotype). 

xVERBENA. HYBRIDA Voss 

Additional synonymy: " Verbena grandiflora Sess5 & Moc. var. 
J^br. Hort." ex Lasser, Braun, & Steyerm., Act. Bot. Venez. 9s 36, 
nam. nud. 1971;. Verbena multlflora gigantea Burpee, Burjaee Seeds 

197U: 5U. 197U. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. Usuel, & 
Med. 2: 1^8. 1360; Tischler, Tabul. Biol. U: U3. 1927; Gough, 
Gard. Book Malaya 2li8. 1928j Furusato, Bot. & Zool. Theoret. & 
Appl. Tokyo [Syokubutu Oyobi Dobutsu] 8: U6. 19U0i Wherry, Horti- 
culture 36: 279. 1958; Braga, PI. Nordest., ed. 2, U76. 1960; 
Graf, Exotica 3: ll;83 & 1733. 1963; Badhwar & Fernandez, Edible 
Wild PI. Himal. 283. 1968; Misra, Bull. Bot. Surv, India 12: 136. 
1970; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k'. 839. 
1970; Ellis, "ffofford, & Chester, Castanea 36: 2U2, 1971; Burpee, 
Burpee Seeds & Everything for Card. 56. 1972; Encke Sc. Buchheim in 
Zander, HandwOrterb. Pflanzennam., ed. 10, 520 & 5Ui. 1972; Huang, 
Pollen Fl. Taiwan 2kh, pi. 163, fig. 8—11. 1972; Moldenke, Phy- 
tologia 2U: 213 & 232. 1972; G, W, Park, Parks Flow. Book 1973: 
86. 1972; F. Ferry, Fls. World 303 & 320. 1972; R. R. Stewart in 
Nasir & Ali, Fl. West Pakist. 608. 1972; R. J. Weaver, PI. Growth 
Subst. Agr. 136. 1972; D. E. Clark, Color in Your Card., ed. 2, 
18, U5, & 52. 1973; Jackson & Perkins, Seedbook 1972-1973: 18, 
1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 25: 226 & 23U. 1973; Moldenke in 
Woodson, Schery, & al., Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 60: kh — hS & IU8. 
1973; W. A. Burpee, Burpee Seeds 197U: 5U. 197U; Lasser, Braun, & 
Steyerm., Act. Bot. Venez. 9: 36. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Burpee, Buipee Seeds & Everything 
for Gard. 56. 1972; Graf, Exotica 3: lii83. 1963; Huang, Pollen 
Fl. Taiwan pi. I63, fig. 8—11. 1972; F. Periy, Fls. World 303 (in 
color). 1972; Jackson & Perkins, Seedbook 1972-1973: 18 (in color). 



197U Moldenko, Notes on Verbeiia 221 

1973; G. W. Park, Parka Flow. Book 1973: 86 (in color). 1973j W. 
A. Bxirpee, Burpee Seeds 197li: Sh (in color). 197U. 

Burpee (1972) offers a cultivar named "Ruffled White" irtiich he 
describes as "Superb sweetly scented variety producing lairge well- 
filled trusses of pure white flowers so freely the display has 
the appearance of a white carpet" and offers it in a packet of 
seeds for 75 cents, 1/16 ounce for $2.25, 1/2 o\mce for $Ii.25, 
and 3/U ounce for |8. He offers "Rainbow Mixed Colors" ("Early 
flowering, upright plants. Ideal for pots, window boxes and 
bedding. Wide color range. Ht. 8 in."), "Ideal Florists' Mixed 
Colors" ("Earliest free-flowering strain with large flowers in an 
exceptionally wide raiige of colors . Most of them ' eyed' . Height 
10 in."), "Sparkle Mixed Colors" ("Very good rich range of col- 
ors"), and "Finest Mixed Colors" ("Includes rose-pink, lavender, 
blue, white, violet, salmon-pink, sceirlet and ired shades. Many 
• eyed'"). In his 197li work he adds "Ruffled Pink" — a "delicate 
salmon-pink, better foliage, earlier and more vigorous than Miss 
Susie." He describes his "Ruffled" types as a "Unique multiflora 
gigantea type bearing semi-double ruffled flower clusters that 
look like balls of color", 10 inches tall. He also refers to 
these as "Bxirpee's Semi-Double". 

Jackson & Perkins (1973) offer a ••Florist Strain Mixed" Ver- 
bena which they describe as "will provide a low growing carpet of 
bright clear color all summer. Our variety grows a neat 8 to 10 
inches high and spreads to 18 inches - quickly filling window 
boxes or flower pots. Florist Mix includes white, pink, purple, 
scarlet - many of which are accented with white in the center. 
The more of the sweet-smelling bramches you cut, the more new 
shoots the hardy little plants will produce." 

Lasser, Braun, & Steyemark (197U) record this plant as cxiltl- 
vated in Venezuela. \fy wife and I personally saw it widely cul- 
tivated in Ceylon, India, and Pakistan in 197U, and I saw it also 
growing in parks and home flowerbeds in Egypt that same year. 

It seems most probable that the " Verbena phlogiflora Cham." 
of Huang (1972) is actually xV, hybrida . Ellis and his associ- 
ates (1971) record xV. hybrida as growing wild in Lyon Coirnty, 
Kentucky, doubtless ©scaped from cultivation or mei^ly persistent 
after cultivation. Misra (1970) asserts that it is a '^eed in 
shade" in Bihar, India, 

J. W. Peterson describes the corollas of his collection, cited 
below, as "corolla lobes RHS Neyron Rose 623A distally, proximal- 
ly RHS Neyron Rose 623; throat of lobes white". Bayliss encounter- 
ed the plant in cultivation at 5600 feet elevation in South Africa. 

Burkill (1966) says "The garden V. hybrida hort,, seems to have 
been evolved by the hybridization of four species, V, chanaedry- 
folia , Juss,, V, phlogiflora , Cham,, V, incisa. Hook., and V, 
teucrioides , Gill, and Hook.; but the history is not quite clear. 
All the four species axe South Americam plants, and were brovight 
together in gardens in the nineteenth century, V. hybrida does 
not fruit in Malaysia, as the clime is too moist. The presijood 
parents are perennials...," [to be continued] 



BOOK REVIEWS 
Alma L. Ifoldenke 



"FLCEIA PAIAESTINA." Volume Two Platanaceae to Umbelliferaa b7 

Michael Zohary. Part I - Text - viii & U93 pp., illus. Part 
II - Plates - 656 k xxxviii pp., illus. The Israel Academy 
of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 1972. $30.00. 

This carefully irritten text and its accurately illustrated 
companion in this second volume continue with the same botanical 
and printing excellence that was appreciated in a recent issue of 
this journal. It has been over four decades since the last coni- 
prehensive botanical study has been published for this important 
area of our world. 



"WATER ATLAS OF THE UNITED STATES" 2nd Edition by James J. 

Geraghty, David \'i. Miller, Frits van der Leeden & Fred L. 
Troise, [200] pp., illus,, tfater Information Center, Port 
Washington, New York 11050, 1973. $35.00. 

"The authors and the publisher would like to regard this book 
as a contribution to help the International I^drological Decade 
program fulfill its expressed need for practical water resources 
publications." A very valuable and effectively organised contri- 
bution indeedl 

The book size of 13 1/2 by 9 inches allows for the most effic- 
ient display of the 86 plates, all drawn to scale for our conter- 
minous kB states. On similar separate scales there are 20 plates 
for Alaska and 16 for Hawaii, our other two states. On the op- 
posing pages there are descriptive and analytic texts. On each 
map much uncluttered, graphically neat mateirLal is shown, such as: 
physiography, precipitation in each form, frost penetration, air 
and surface water temperatures, seasons of highest and lowest 
surface water run-off, aquifers, fish kills from pollution, popu- 
lation distribution, thermal springs, and projected water supply 
and demand for 2000 A.D. 

This source book of important information can be and certainly 
should be used by not only t^rdrologists, but also \irban and land 
use planners, ecologists, wildlife management biologists and 
political leaders who will have important choices and decisions 
to make or urge. 



"DRAT!fINGS OF BRITISH PLANTS" Part XXH by Stella Ross-Craig, un- 
paged, kS plates, & index, G. Bell- & Sons Ltd,, London, 
1973 [197U]. J2, 
The excellently detailed line-drawings on these plates are for 

222 



19 7U Moidenke, Book revienrs 223 

native members of the following plant families: Lemnaceae , Alls- . 
mataceaa, Butomaceae, Juncaginaceae , Scheuchzeriaceae , Potamoge - 
tonaceae, Rupplaceae, Zanichelliaceae , Zosteraceae , Najadaceae 
and EIrlocaulaceae . 

This is the last part exclusive of a comprehensive index now 
in preparation. British sedges are covered by Jenny & Tutin with 
illustrations, and British grasses are covered by C. E. Hubbard, 
also with illustrationa , 



"THE CONDENSED CHEKLCAL DICTIONART" Eighth Edition revised by 
Gessner G. Hawley, xiii &: 971 pp., Litton Educational Pub- 
lishing Inc., Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., Melbourne, London, 
Toronto, Cincinnati & New York 10001. 1971. $27.50. 

This book and its earlier editions for over a half century 
have been in prominent places for practical and frequent use on 
the desks and library shelves of many kinds of chemically orien- 
ted students, scientists, technicians, teachers and of non- 
chemists stymied by chemical problems or terminology incidentally 
or critically related to their own fields of endeavor and under- 
standing. To the botanically oriented readers of this journal 
this new edition of the dictionary becomes of increasing value 
because of the tremendous advamces in the biochemical approach 
to life's nature, workings, and problems. In addition to the vli^- 
tue of accuracy, this book has those of directness, clarity and 
easy legibility. 



"DEVELOFKEOTAL SYSTEMS: INSECTS" Volume I edited by S. J. Counce 
& C, H. Waddington, xLii & 30U pp., illus.. Academic Press, 
London Nff 1 & New York 10003. 1972 [1973]. i8.1i5 or $13. 

This volume consists of five valuable papers, each equivalent 
to a condensed and well referenced book. The first paper is 
Mahowald's "Oogenesis" in which the panoistic and the meroistlc 
types are analyzed. The second paper is Jura's "Development of 
the Apterygote Insects" with the embryogenesis of both eatogna- 
thous and ectognathous members of these four orders. The third 
paper is Anderson's "The Development of Hemimetabolous Insects" 
which surveys the detailed embryology of known exaaiples from 
eleven orders, describes the immersed grow~th or anatrepsls In 
scBie and concludes that there are more similarities realized now. 
The fourth paper is the same author's "The development of Kolo- 
metabolous Insects" in which he shows this type, found among al- 
most as many orders, as derived froci the hemimetabolan with the 
obvious innovation of the change in ratio of cytoplasm to yolk 
making possible a more direct and rapid development. 

The fifth paper is Ivanova-Kasas' "PolyeDibryony in Insects" in 
certain Hypenoptera and Strepsiptera . In these two orders "simi- 
lar biological conditions (parasitism and vivipjary) have brought 



22h PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. 2 

about one and the same phenomenon of polyembiyoiiy, attained, how- 
ever by differont evolutionary routes." 

On the first page of text chromosome is misspelled; on the 
last page of text in the quote above a comma is omitted. Otherwise 
this book with its fine illustrations and indexes of authors, 
subjects and scientific names matches the expected fine quality 
of Academic Press publications. 



"THE COMPLETE BOOK OF TERRARIUM GARDENING" by Jack Kramer, ix & 
lli6 pp., illus,, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, N. Y. 
10017. 1971;. $9.95. 

Only a popularly oriented book woTild presume to place 
"complete" or "all" in its title, and that choice is usually the 
fault of the publicity or advertising staff rather than the 
author(s). Because this book actually is so thoroughly and well 
presented and is most effectively illustrated by photographer 
Mathew Barr and artist Michael Valdez, it comes closer to anything 
in print at present or probably anything in the near future to 
earning such a title. It is really such a good book that it 
does not need the artificial bolstering that such a title would 
offer. 

It will prove so helpful and intriguing in its detailed 
directions with all its different shapes and materials for the 
containers and with its long lists of various sized plants for 
woodland, bog, desert and tropical type terraria, 

Aralia is misspelled on page 52. 



"FLOWERING SHRUBS AND SMALL TREES — One Hundred and Sixty Nine 
Varieties for Your Garden" by Jean Hersey, iii & 81 pp., il- 
lus., Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, N. Y, 10017. 197U. 
$7.95. 

For the garden enthusiasts, whether of the dirt-digging or arm- 
chair type, this attractive book literally centers about 15 full 
pages of these l69 plants drawn in beautifully colored sprays by 
Alllanora Rosse and grouped according to blooming seasons. For 
each there is accompanying text with the necessary growing in- 
fonnation in outline form and with statements of special inter- 
est as to origin, use, myths, etc. 

The word "write" is misspelled in the foreword. 

Any finitely limited work almost always provokes in readers' 
mind the thought that "But so-and-so should really have been in- 
cluded", especially if the candidate would be in good company 
and well treated. I feel that the widely adaptable chaste-tree, 
Vitex agnus-castus f . latifolia, was ostracized undeservedly. 



'^' PHYTOLOGIA 

Designed to expedite botanical publication 
Vol.28 • July, 1974 No. 3 

MvW YOKK AUG 1 5 1974 

BOTANICAD 
GAKDHN CONTENTS 

WILLIAMS, L. 0., Tropical American plants, XVI 225 

SKOG, L. E., New Peruvian Gesneriaceae 233 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Additional notes on the genus Verbena. XXI 241 

HALE, M. E., Jr., New species of Parmelia (lichens) from tropical 

America I 265 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae 

(Asteraceae). CXXIII. Additions to the genus Mikania 272 

KING, R. M., 8l ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae 

(Asteraceae). CXXIV. A new genus, Eitenia 282 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae 

(Asteraceae). CXXV. Additions to the genus Bartlettina .... 286 

ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Senecioneae (Asteraceae). XI. The 

genus Arnoglossum 294 

JACKSON, J. D., Notes on Archibaccharis (Compositae-Astereae) 296 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Notes on new and noteworthy plants. LXVIII .... 303 

MOLDENKE, A. L., Book reviews 305 



Published by Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke 

303 Parkside Road 
Plainfield, New Jersey 07060 ^ 

USA. ^ 

Price of this number $1.50; per volume, $8.50 in advance or $9 at close 
of volume; 50 cents extra to foreign addresses 



TROPICAL AMERICAN PLANTS, XVI 

LOUIS O. WILLIAMS 
Field Museum of Natural History 

The notes which follow are based on my studies in preparing 
manuscript for Flora of Guatemala as well as notes made on a 
recent field trip to Central America. Field work and floristic 
research have both been supported by generous grants from 
National Science Foundation. 

COMPOSITAE 

SENECIO ARMENTALIS L. Wms. nom. nov. — Nels onianthus 
epiphyticiis H. Robinson & Brittell, Phytologia 2?: 54. 1973 1 not 
Senecio epiphyticus 0. Kuntze, I898. 

The genus Nelsonianthus proposed recently by H. Robinson 
and Brittell seems dubiously distinct when considered in the 
context of the vast genus Senecio. However the species des- 
cribed seems amply distinct from other species of Senecio known 
to me from tropical America. Senecio armentalis is an attrac- 
tive epiphytic species found on the highest elevations of Cerro 
Maria Tecum in the Guatemalan Sierra Madre where it o c c ur s in 
the open forest, usually on oaks. 

The basis for the name Nelsonianthus is not given but I 
assume that it is for E. W. Nelson who collected this species 
near Calel in the Department of Quezaltenango at 11,000 feet on 
January 20, I896, his collection number 3682. Material of our 
own collections from the same general area are being distributed. 
These are Williams . Molina & Williams 41719 . 41723 and 41747 » 

GONVOLVULACEAE 

IPOMOEA TRILOBA L. Sp. PI. I6I. 1753; Standi ey & Williams, 
Fieldiana, Bot. 24, pt. 9: 58. 1970. 

I have had the pleasure of travelling through Mexico, and in 
Central America as far as Nicaragua during November and December 
1973, at the end of an especially heavy rainy season. There were 
literally millions of acres of land abundantly covered with 
Ipomoea triloba in flower. It is everywhere in disturbed areas 

225 



226 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

and perhaps most common from some 400 to 800 meters elevation 
although it goes to near sea level and occasionally is seen as 
high as 1,500 meters. This species must be the commonest and 
most abundant weed from Vera Cruz to Nicaragua and further 
south. 

GRAMINEAE 

HYPARRHENIA RUFA (Nees) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa 
9: 304. 1918. Trachypogon rufus Nees, Agrost. Bras. 345. 1829. 
Swallen, Fleldiana, Bot. 24, pt. 2: I70. I955. 

Jaragua grass is native of Africa and was doubtless taken 
from Africa to Brazil as a forage grass. It is thought to have 
been introduced from Brazil to Honduras by Tiburcio Carias 
(president of Honduras 1932-1947) and sown as a pasture grass on 
the government farm in the Zamorano valley, probably in the early 
1930s. This grass was well established in the Zamorano valley in 
the mid-1940s when 1 went there and had essentially driven out 
PaniciM maximum Jacq. , a much superior pasture grass also native 
of Africa. Panicum maximum , Guinea grass, was so common and 
widely known in Central America that the usual name for it was 
zacate or zacaton , which translates simply as "grass" or "big 
grass!" 

Jaragua is a tall, rough, and when mature a very tough grass 
that most animals can not eat. It has been the common practice 
to burn over Jaragua pastures in the dry season to clear them 
and to make available the tender young grass as the rainy season 
starts. The rhizomes of the grass are resistant to fire so that 
it is the surviving plant over millions of acres of Mexican and 
Central American pasture lands. The native grasses and forbs 
that are not resistant to fire are killed out in the annual 
burnings . 

Jaragiia is now naturalized in most open or pasture land of 
Central America from a bit above sea level to some 1,600 meters. 
It is the dominant cover in many places. The Jaragua covered 
hills can be very beautiful at the end of the rainy season but 
in the dry season it forms a rather unattractive cover. When 
Jaragua and Ipomoea triloba grow together, at middle and lower 
elevations, they may form a thicket that is almost impenetrable* 

HAMAMELIDACEAE 

MATUDAEA TRINERVIS Lundell, Lloydia 3: 210. 194O. 

Dr. B. F. Kukashka wrote in October 1973 and suggested that 
I check on several trees being cut commercially and exported by 
Maderas Centro America, S. A. of Matagalpa, Nicaragua. Among 
these was a tree the lumber of which is being marketed in the 
United States as varazon, the local name in Nicaragua. Upon the 
basis of wood specimens Dr. Kukashka thought the tree to be a 
Distyliiom (=Molinadendron). 



197U "iVilliams, Tropical American plants 227 

Professor Molina R. and I visited Mr. Dharam Yadav at 
Matagalpa in November 1973 and were given specimens of the 
varazon. Flowering material will be supplied as soon as the 
tree comes into flower. There seems no question that the tree 
is Matudaea trinervis and that it adds an important commercial 
timber to those known from Central America. 

The genus Matudaea, named for the well known Mexican bot- 
anist Eizi Matuda, was discovered in the state of Chiapas, 
Mexico as recently as 1940. Standley found the genus in Guate- 
mala soon afterward and reported it in the Flora of Guatemala. 
Standley, Molina and myself have made a half dozen collections 
in Honduras since 1950? where the common name is reported as 
esquiro . Salas and Taylor found the species at "La Fundadora", 
Department of Matagalpa, Nicaragua in 1957 and reported the 
common name of guayabo . 

The foresters of Maderas Centre America, the largest saw 
mill operators in Central America, now report the species as 
an abundant and very fine commercial timber in the Cordillera 
Isabella (=Cordillera Central de Nicaragua), a tree to 35 meters 
or more tall and to about one meter in diameter. 

RUBIACEAE 

BORRERIA EXILIS L. Wms. nom. no v. — Borreria gracilis 
L. Wms. Phytologia 26: 487. 1973, not Mlq. ex Hook, nor Scheele. 

Dr. Joseph Kirkbrlde has called my attention to the 
improper use of the name Borreria gracilis which I applied to a 
Costa Fllcan species. A specific name with the same meaning is 
substituted. 

PSYCHOTRIA CALOPOGON L. Wms. sp. nov. - Subg. Hetero- 
psychotria . ArbusciiLae usque ad 2.5 m. altae pilosae. Folia 
elliptica vel late elliptlca acuminata pilosa, laminae usque ad 
30 cm. longae; inflorescentia pedimciolata panlculata multlflora; 
calyx dense pilosus, lobi anguste lanceolati acuti; corolla 
alba, tubi cylindrici, lobi ovatl acuti pilosi; stylus tubo 
subaequllongus, stigma bilobatum; fructus deslderatur. 

Shrubs to 2.5 m. tall, the stems spreading pilose pubescent, 
probably glabrescent with age, stipules lanceolate, bllobate, the 
apices scarioios. Leaves narrowly elliptic to broadly elliptic, 
acuminate, with about 20 pairs of secondary nerves, these 
prominent below, pilose on both surfaces, more so below and along 
the mid-nerve, pale green above and lighter below, the blades 
12-30 cm. long and 3.5-12 cm. broad, the petioles 1-3 cm. long, 
spreading pilose pubescent; inflorescence terminal, pedunculate, 
a rather loose many- flowered panicle with the lateral branches 
of capitulate bracteate cymules; cymules subtended by 3-5 
lanceolate, acute or acuminate pilose bracts mostly 4-5 mm. long 
and 1.5-2 mm. broad; hypanthlum and calyx about 2 mm. long. 



228 PHYTOLOGIA ^^ol, 28, no. 3 

densely pilose, the calyx lobes narrowly lanceolate, acute, about 
0.7-0.8 mm. long; corolla white, mostly 4-5 nun. long, the tube 
narrow and about 3*5 mm. long, the lobes ovate, acute, pilose 
dorsally, 1-1.5 mm. long; style about as long as the corolla tube, 
stigma bipartite; stamens attached in the throat of the corolla 
and the anthers exserted and about 0.5 mm. long; fruits not 
known. 

Guatemala ; shrub about 5-8 feet tall, flowers white; calyx 
pale green; leaves membranaceous, pale green above, grey-green 
beneath, dense rich forest between Ixcan and Rio Ixcan, Sierra de 
los Cuchumatanes, Dept. Huehuetenango, alt. 150-200 m., July 23, 
19A2, Steyermark 49308 (type, F) ; Cubilquitz, Dept. Alta Verapaz, 
alt. 350 m., July 1903, Tuerckheim 8403 (F). 

A representative of a complex group of tajxa related to 
P. pilosa Ruiz & Pav(?n of South America. The Central American 
specimens called P. pilosa are a mixtiire of several species. 



PSYCHOTRIA CHRYSOCALYMMA L. Wms. sp. nov. - Subgenus 
Heteropsy chotiria . Arbusculae usque ad 2 m. vel ultrae, ramuli 
dense piloso-pubescentes. Folia petiolata elliptica acuminata 
utrinque pubescentia usque ad 15 cm. longa; inflorescentiae 
laterales longe pedunciilatae subumbellif ormes ; hypanthium et 
calyx dense et breviter pilosum, lobi angusti lanceolati acuti; 
corolla alba extus pilosa, lobi oblongo-lanceolati; fructus 
anguste ovoideus pubescens porcatus. 

Shrubs to 2 m. tall or perhaps more, the branches densely 
and softly short pilose-pubescent; stipules persistant, with two 
lateral lanceiforro lobes 2-3 mm. long. Leaves short petiolate, 
elliptic, acuminate, pilose-pubescent or sparsely hirsute on 
both siirfaces, 12-15 cm. long and 4—5*5 cm. broad when mat\ire, 
secondary nerves 11-13 pairs, conspicuous below, petiole slender, 
1-2 cm. long; inflorescence lateral, long pedunculate subumbell- 
iform cyme covered with yellowish or golden multicelliolar 
pubescence, the peduncle about 6 cm. long, the cyme about 4 cm. 
long, the bracts subtending each division of the inflorescence 
linear and acute, 3 to 10 mm. long; flowers in each cymule about 
4-5 I short pedicellate, subtended by bracts longer than the calyx; 
hypanthiiom and calyx about 4 mm. long, densely short pilose, 
calyx lobes narrowly lanceolate, acute, 1.5-2 mm. long; corolla 
white, tubular, widest above the middle, pubescent outside 
especially above, 13-15 mm. long, the lobes short, oblong-lanceo- 
late, about 2 mm. long; style as long as the corolla, apex 
shortly bilobate; stamens inserted in the throat of the corolla, 
included, anthers about 3 mm. long; fruits narrowly ovoid, each 
carpel prominently 3-ribbed dorsally, sparsely to densely 
pubescent, 5-6 mm. long. 



197U '.Villiaras, Tropical American plants 229 

Gtiatemala : shrub 5-7 feet tall; leaves membranaceous, dull 
green above, gray-green beneath with prominent nerves; peduncles 
spreading or slightly drooping, brownish green or suffused with 
dull brick; pedicel mustard-yellow-tawny or golden tawny as is 
the calyx and corolla tube; corolla lobes white; ovary dull 
green; hills north of Finca Piamonte, between Finca Piamonte and 
summit of Volcan Santa Luisa, Dept. El Progreso, alt. 2,4(X)-3,333 
m., Feb. 5, 19A2, Steyermark 43518 (type, F) . 

Related to P. pur pus ii Standi, from which it may be dis- 
tinguished easily by the narrow bracts, instead of broad ones, 
subtending the segments of the inflorescence, the fruits 
narrowly ovoid, not subglobose. It is a species of the eastern 
highlands while P. purpusii is known only from the western high- 
lands of Guatemala and adjacent Chiapas. 

The specific name recalls the "golden head-covering" of the 
plant. 

PSYCHOTRIA IZABALENSIS L. Wms. sp. nov. - Subg. Hetero- 
psychotria . Arbusculae aut arbores usque ad 4 m. altae glabrae 
vel sparse pubescentes. Folia membranacea late elliptica vel 
oblongo-elliptica longe acuminata glabra vel subtus leviter 
puberula usque ad 30 cm. longa; inflorescentia terminalis in 
cyma paniculata pediinculata multiflora nato; calyx perparvus, 
lobi triangulari-ovati acuti; corolla alba extus pubescens tubo 
cylindrica, lobi oblongo-lanceolati acuti; fructus desideratur. 

Shmibs or small trees to 4 m. tall, the stems and leaves 
glabrous or sparsely pubescent, the inflorescence short pilose 
pubescent, the stipules persistent, truncate with the erect 
lateral lobes linear, densely pubescent and about 4-6 mm. long. 
Leaves membranaceous, broadly elliptic or oblong-elliptic, long 
acuminate, glabroiis except the petioles and nerves on lower 
surface sparsely puberulent, the blades when mature 15-30 cm. 
long and 5-11 cm. broad and attenuate into a short 1-2 cm. long 
petiole; inflorescence terminal, a many-flowered paniculate cyme 
with the cymules at most irubcapitate but usually more open, 
densely short pilose pubescent, pedimculate, 8-11 cm. long and 
4-6 cm. broad, bracts subtending the main divisions linear- 
lanceolate, about 1 cm. long, bracts in the cymules conspicuous, 
lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute, sparsely pubescent and 
ciliate, exceeding the calyx, mostly 3-4 mm. long; hypanthium 
and calyx small, about 1 mm. long, pubescent, the calyx divided 
to the base, the lobes triangular-ovate, acute, about 0.5 mm. 
long; corolla white, crisped-pubescent externally, tube 
cylindric but broadened and sparsely barbate in the throat, about 
4 mm. long, the lobes oblong-lanceolate, acute, about 2 mm. long; 
stamens inserted in the corolla throat, anthers barely exserted, 
about 1 mm. long; style as long as the corolla, the stigma 
lobate; fruits not known. 



230 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

Guatemala ; tree 4 m., inflorescence yellow-green, along old 
road, Exmibal Camp 2 (La Gloria), NW of Lake Izabal, serpentine- 
derived laterite, vicinity of Lago Izabal, Dept. Izabal (long. 
89° 25* lat. 15'^ 15*), alt. 0-600 m., 6 May 1966, Jones & Facey 
3257 (F, NY, EAP); shrub 3 m., corolla translucent white, 1-^2 
km. south of Izabal, vicinity of Lago Izabal (long. 89° 25 
lat. 15° 15'), alt. 0-600 m., 22 April 1966, Jones . Proctor & 
Facey 3024 (F, type; NY). 

Related to Psychotria brachiata Sw. and to the complex 
around P. costaricensis Polak. From the first of these it is 
easily distinguished by the stipules and details of the inflo- 
rescence and flowers, by the larger long aciminate leaves. 

PSYCHOTRIA OREODOXA L. Wms. sp. nov. — Subgenus Hetero- 
psychotria . Arb\asculae usque ad 5 m. altae ramosae glabrae aut 
leviter puberulae. Folia elliptica vel elliptico-oblanceolata 
longe acuminata glabra basi attenuata 10-18 cm. longa et 2-5 cm. 
lata; inflorescentia thyrsiformis pedunculata; calyx brevis, 
lobis angustis triangularibus acutis; corolla parva infra medi\im 
tubularis; fructus camosus atropurpureus . 

Shrubs to 5 m. tall, branched, the branches glabroi;is or 
obscurely puberulent, stipiiLes persistent, about 3 mm. long with 
lateral aceriform lobes. Leaves elliptic or elliptic-oblanceo- 
late, long acuminate, attenuate to the slender petiole, glabrous, 
with about 10 pairs of secondary nerves, the blades 10-18 cm. 
long and 2-5 cm. broad, the slender petiole mostly 1-3 cm. long; 
inflorescence terminal, thyrsiform, pedunculate, to about 7 cm. 
long; flowers white, abundant; hypanthii:im and calyx 1-1.5 ram. 
long, the calyx short, the lobes narrowly triangiAar, acute, 
about 0.5 mm. long; the corolla small, tubular below and 
slightly expanded above, about 5-6 mm. long, the lobes small, 
oblong; stamens inserted in the corolla throat, the anthers 
exserted and about 1.5 mm. long; fruits very fleshy, purple- 
black, the seeds about 2.5 mm. long, obscixrely ridged. 

Guatemala ; moist forest, shrub 8 feet, near Vuelta del 
tigre below Santa Maria de Jesus, Dept. Quezaltenango, alt. 
about 1,500 m., March 11, 1939, Standi ey 68l62 ; " chile ", 
along Quebrada San Jeronimo, Flnca Pirineos, lower south facing 
slopes of Volcan Santa Maria, between Santa Maria de Jesus and 
Calahuache, alt. l,3oo-2,000 m., January 1-2-8, 1940, Steyer- 
mark 33355 . 338l6 ; shrub 15 feet tall, corolla white, south 
facing slopes and barrancos of Volcan Santa Clara 1 l/2-2 miles 
west of Finca Naranjo, alt. 1,250 m., Jime 1, 1942, Steyermark 
468O3 (type, F); south facing slopes of Volcan Atitlan, above 
Finca Moca, Dept. Solola, alt. 1,000-1,250 m., June 20, 1942, 
Steyermark 47929 . 



197U Williams, Tropical American plants 231 

PSYCHOTRIA OROGENES L. Wms. sp. nov. — Subgenus Hetero- 
psychotria . Arbusculae vel arbores parvae usque ad 3-4 m. altae 
dense piloso-pubescentes; stipulae persistentes bilobatae, lobi 
lineares. Folia elliptica vel elliptico-oblanceolata acuminata 
pilosa, petiolis bre-vibus; inflorescentia terminalis pedunciiLata 
panicula cymosa pilosa; calyx perparvus, lobis lanceo- 
tricingularibus ; corolla alba parva extus villosa, lobis oblongis 
acutis; fructus subglobosus porcatus. 

Shrubs or weak trees 3-4 m» tall, the branches densely 
pilose pubescent with spreading hairs, the stipules persistent, 
joined and surrounding the branches, each pubescent stipule with 
a lateral pair of linear-lanceolate lobes 3-4 mm. long. Leaves 
elliptic or elliptic-oblanceolate, acuminate, sparsely pilose 
above, prominently and softly so below, with mostly 13-16 pairs 
of lateral nerves, the blade 8-15 cm. long and 1.5-4 cm. broad, 
petioles short, 0.7-1.5 cm. long; inflorescence a terminal 
pedunciilate pamcle of cymules up to about 6 cm. long, conspic- 
uously soft pilose when immature but less so in fruit, bracteo- 
late, the bracts linear-filiform, those of the main branches 
1 cm. long, those subtending flowers smaller; flowers white, 
conspicuously short pilose, usually subtended by a filiform 
bract about as long as the calyx; hypanthium and calyx 1-1.5 mm* 
long; calyx very small, the lobes lance-triangular, about 0.5 
mm. long; corolla small, 4-5 nim. long, short villous outside, 
the lobes oblong, acute, about 2 mm. long; fruits subglobose, 
pilose, prominently ridge;d, 4-5 mm* long. 

Guatemala ; flores cremas, arbusto 3 m. , poco frecuente, 
bosque denso 5 km. al noroeste de Coban, Depto. Alta Verapaz, 
alt. 1,400 m.. Mayo 10, 1963, Molina & Molina 12026 (F, EAP); 
weak tree 4 m. high, wet cloud forest. Sierra de las Minas about 
5 km. south of Purulha, Dept. Baja Verapaz, alt. 1,600 m., 
January 2, 1973, Williams . Molina & Williams 41924 (F, type; 
EAP, US, NY). 

A montane cloud forest species somewhat related to 
P. pubescens Sw. , a species of the low wet tropical forests. It 
is easily distingioished by the narrower densely pubescent 
leaves and details of flowers and inflorescences. 

SPERMACOCEAE . — This tribe is perhaps as easily distin- 
guished as any tribe in the Rubiaceae. There are in Guatemala, 
and in Central America, eight genera belonging to the tribe. All 
of these, except Emodea, have species that superficially are 
much like those in others of the genera. Characters to separate 
these genera mostly are found in the fruits and if fruiting 
material is not available, or not looked at, it is easy to put a 
plant into an incorrect genus. 

The facility with which capable botanists, - Stsindley, 
Dwyer, Molina R. and Gomez Pompa for example, - who are 
familiar with the tribe and have placed a species into two or 



232 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

three different genera indicates that perhaps there is something 
wrong in the delimitation of the genera. The distinction of 
Crusea from Diodia is not good; that of Spermacoce and Hemi- 
diodia is not sharp; the large genus Borreria has look-alikes in 
almost all of the other genera and in Borreria are to be found 
"misplaced" specimens of all of them. The tribe needs a friend 
for it is not feasible for a floristic worker to give it the 
time that it needs. 



NEW PERUVIAN GESNERIACEAE 

Laurence E. Skog 

Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution 

Washington, D. C. 20560 

The pongo zone of the Rio MaraRon in Peru is exceedingly 
rich in endemic species. Each expedition to that remote region 
of northwestern Amazonian Peru has garnered many species new to 
science, particularly the expeditions by Tessmann in 1924 and by 
Mexia in 1931-1932. Both of these collectors gathered plants 
from the downstream end of the pongo region near Pongo de 
Manseriche (see Wurdack, 1964). In 1962 John Wurdack visited 
the pongo region from Montenegro near the upper limit of the 
pongo zone downstream to Borja near Pongo de Manseriche, as well 
as adjacent areas. From the more than 700 field collections two 
new species of Bes leria have been described (Morton, 1968) and 
also, a new species of Nautilocalyx now known in the horticultural 
trade from seeds collected by Wurdack (Skog, 1974). 

Presented here are three additional new species of Gesneri- 
aceae collected by Wurdack, including another new species of 
Nautilocalyx , and new species of Monopyle and Napeanthus . 
Additional collections of Gesneriaceae by Wurdack are yet to be 
studied and will probably yield additional new taxa. 

MONOPYLE FLAVA L. Skog, sp. nov. (Figure 1) 

Herba erecta ad 0.5-1.5 m alta, prope basim ca 1 cm in diam. , 
ramis brevibus . Internodia usque ad 20.5 cm longa, viridia vel 
ferruginea, sparse albo-pilosa vel glabrescentia . Folia opposita 
per paria aequalia vel valde inaequalia; petiolus sulcatus, 3-6 
mm longus , 2-3 mm latus, viridis, tomentosus trichomatibus albis 
uncinatis adpressis; lamina membranacea, ovata vel aliquanto 
falcata, 6.6-21.2 cm longa, 4.1-10.8 cm lata, basi obliqua, 
cordata, margine crenato-dentata vel serrata, apice acuminata, 
supra viridis, sparsim inter venas trichomatibus dispersa vel 
glabrescens, infra pallide viridis secus venas pilosa. Cymae 
axillares, plurif lores, ad usque duplo longiores quam folia 
subtenta; pedunculus primarius teres, 2.8-6.7 cm longus, 1-3 mm 
in diam., viridis sparse pilosus; pedunculus secundarius 2.1-9.1 
cm longus, divergens; bracteae primariae lineares vel lanceolatae 
ca 7 mm longae , 1-2 mm latae, virides , pilosae; pedicellus 0.4- 
1.6 cm longus, viridis, pilosus trichomatibus apicem versus 
densioribus. Florae tubus obliquus, globosus, 2-4 mm in diam., 
viridis vel rubellus, albo-pilosus , costis non visis. Calycis 
lobi 5, sub anthesim ca 1 mm connati, oblongi, 2-4 mm longi, 
1.0-1.5 mm lati, virides, nervis prominulis, rubris vel 

233 



23U 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 




*J " S'-^t iro^ Ihi Ti'urtntia! Sfrr»<r f-^i/jiw*- 



Figure 1. Monopyle f lava L. Skog, sp. nov, 
( Wurdack 2104 , holotype US). Photographs by V. E. 
Krantz, Staff Photographer, National Museum of 
Natural History. 



19 7U Skog, New Peruvian Gesneriaceae 235 

atrovirentibus , apice acuto rubello, extus pilosi, intus virides, 
praeter glandes f lavas sparsas glabri, nervis flavis. Corolla 
campanulata vel olliformis; tubus stamina duplo superans, 0.8-2.3 
cm longus, ad basim 3-5 mm latus, ad orem 1.3-1.6 cm latus, extus 
flavus (fide Wurdack), albo-pilosus trichomatibus limbus versus 
minus densis, intus flavus, pagina inferiore basim versus 
marronina vel purpurea maculata, glabra; limbus 1,2-2.2 cm latus, 
5-lobatus, lobis orbicularibus , glabris, margine integris, lobis 
superis 5-6 mm longis , 6-8 mm latis, lobis lateralibus 7-9 mm 
longis, 7-8 mm latis, lobo basali 0.7-1.0 cm longo, 0.7-1.3 cm 
lato. Stamina 4, vero discreta, filamentis curvis, ca 1 mm ad 
basim latis, flavis, glabris; antherae adhaerentes, 1-2 mm longae ; 
staminodium nullum. Ovarium inferum, apice pilosum, stylo 5 nrni 
longo, versus stigma stoma tomorphum glabrescento; discus nullus. 
Capsula oblonga, ad basim gibbosa, 0.8-1.0 cm longa , 3-4 mm lata, 
costis 5-15; semina numerosa, nigra, late fusiformia, oblique 
striata, ca 0.3 mm longa, 0.3 mm lata. 

Type: J. J. Wurdack 2104 (holotype US, 24044061; isotypes 
BHi, USM not seen, others to be distributed), collected in high 
rainforest along Rio Marafton near Teniente Pinglo, just above 
Pongo de Manseriche, Provincia de Alto Amazonas , Departamento de 
Loreto, Peru, elev. 250-300 m, 4-7 October 1962. "Herb. 0.5-1.5 
m, occasional in moist ravine. Corolla yellow; maroon-dotted 
in throat inside." 

Other specimens examined: Peru: Departamento de Loreto, 
Provincia de Alto Amazonas: J. J, Wurdack 2303 (US 24044541), 
rainforest on lower northwest slopes of Cerros Campanquiz, Rio 
Maratton just above Pongo de Manseriche, elev. 250-350 m, 17 
October 1962; G. Tessmann 4170 (NYl, US 2223618!), mouth of Rio 
Santiago, on high land. 

Three Peruvian species of Monopyle were treated by Morton 
in his revision of the South American species in 1945, All other 
known species of Monopyle have corolla tubes which are white to 
purple with a completely purple limb or with purple spots on the 
limb, or grading into a completely blue-purple corolla. Monopyle 
f lava differs from the other species in having a yellow corolla, 
and with maroon maculae congested at the base of the corolla 
tube. 

Evidently the most closely related species is Monopyle 
subsessilis Benth., typified by a Spruce collection from near 
Tarapoto. Monopyle subsessilis differs from the species 
described here by a suite of characters: the leaves are nearly 
always anisophyllous ; inflorescences are condensed with secondary 
peduncles scarcely 1 cm long and not diverging; lack of an 
oblique floral tube; calyx lobes lanceolate, 6-9 mm long; and 
the corolla limb 2.0-3.3 cm broad. 



236 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

GUnter Tessmann also collected Monopyle f lava in the same 
area in 1924, but the specimens at NY and US remained unidentified 
until the present study. 

The lack of nectar-producing glands or disk and the presence 
of the maroon maculae at the base of the corolla suggest that 
Monopyle f lava may be visited and pollinated by male euglossine 
bees in somewhat the same manner as Gloxinia perennis (Vogel, 
1966). 

NAPEA.NTHUS LORETENSIS L. Skog, sp. nov. (Figure 2) 

Herba rupicola, caulis brevissimis. Folia rosulata sessilia; 
lamina anguste oblanceolata , 3.7-16.3 cm longa , 0.8-3.2 cm lata, 
membranacea, ad basim cuneata, margine minute serrata ad apicem 
acuta vel acuminata, supra viridis, sparse pilosa vel glabrescens, 
subtus pallide viridis, secus venas pilosa. Inf lorescentiae 
pauciflorae, pedunculis tenuis teretibus , 1.0-4.7 cm longis , 
minus quam 1 mm in diam. , ca 1 mm latis, pilosis, bracteis 
viridis, lanceolatis, 2-6 mm longis, ca 1 mm latis, pilosis, 
pedicellis 1.4-2.1 cm longis, pilosis, in fructibus elongatis. 
Sepala 5, e basi discreta, lanceolata vel elliptica, ca 3 mm 
longa, ca 1 mm lata, viridia, marginibus integris ciliatis, 
partibus exterioribus sparse pubescentibus , partibus interioribus 
glabris. Corolla pallide azurea, tubo campanulato, 2-3 mm longo, 
lobis 5, marginibus subintegris, superis 1-2 mm longis, ca 2 mm 
latis, lateralibus ca 3 mm longis, 2-3 mm latis, lobo basali ca 
3 mm longo, ca 2 mm lato. Stamina quattuor aequalia, filamentis 
geniculatis ad basim corollae insertis, ca 1 mm longis, ad 
geniculum minute pubescentibus, antheris ovatis, ca 1 mm longis, 
ca 1 mm latis, staminodio brevissimo. Ovarium oblongum, glabrum, 
ca 1 mm longum, stylo ca 3 mm longo, glabro, stigmate capitato. 
Capsulae bi- vel quadrivalvae , ca 1.25 mm longae, seminibus 
oblongis, nigris, oblique striatis, ca 0.5 mm longis, 0.25 latis. 

Type: J. J. Wurdack 2159 (holotype US, 24044171 isotypes 
BHI USM not seen), collected in high rainforest along Rio Maratton 
near Teniente Pinglo, just above Pongo de Manseriche, Provincia 
de Alto Amazonas, Departamento de Loreto, Peru, elev. 250-300 m, 
4-7 October 1962. "On moist cliff, occasional. Corolla pale 
blue-purple ." 

The genus Napeanthus Gardn. was revised in 1958 by Leeuwenberg 
who treated 12 species from Central and South America. Napeanthus 
loretensis differs from all other known species of Napeanthus by 
possessing the combination of a stemless habit, leaves narrowly 
oblanceolate and sparsely pilose to glabrous above, inflorescences 
shorter than the leaves and bearing few flowers, each flower 
having a calyx of 5 separate, 3-nerved sepals about 3 mm long, 
and a pale blue-purple corolla nearly twice as long as the calyx. 
This species is apparently the first Napeanthus described from 



197li Skog, Hew Peruvian Oeanerlaceae 237 



\/W 




"A/ 



yr-i 



I -2 



Figure 2. Napeanthus loretensis L. Skog, sp, 
nov. ( Wurdack 2159 . holotype US). 



233 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. 3 

only Peru, a country from which few collections of this genus 
are known. Surely Napeanthus is more common in Peru than the 
paucity of specimens demonstrates? 

NAUTILOCALYX MINUTIFLORUS L. Skog, sp. nov. (Figure 3) 

Herba paene acaulescens vel suffruticosa erecta vel decumbens; 
caulis ad 20 cm longus , 5 mm crassus , ad basim ramificans; 
stolones nulli. Internodia 0.1-1.0 cm longa , viridia vel 
brunnescentia , pilosa vel glabrescentia . Folia opposita per 
paria subaequalia; petiolus 0.3-1.0 cm longus, 2-3 mm latus, 
viridis, pilosus; lamina membranacea elliptica vel obovata, 
7.4-20.5 cm longa, 3.6-10.1 cm lata, basi acuta vel truncata 
interdum cuneata, margine serrata vel crenata, apice acuta vel 
obtusa , supra atrovirens bullata pilosa trichomatibus adpressis 
ad bullae apicem, venis leviter immersis pallide viridibus, 
infra pallide viridis, secus venas f lavo-virentes emersas pilosa, 
inter venas interdum pilosa. Inf lorescentiae axillares, pluri- 
f lores, cymosae vel racemosae quam folia subtenta usque l/4 
longiores; pedunculus gracilis, 2.1-4.1 cm longus, viridis, 
albo-tomentosus ; pedicellus 0.6-1.0 cm longus, albo-tomentosus . 
Receptaculum turbinatum, 1-2 mm longum, 1-2 mm latum, viride, 
a Ibo-tomentosum. Sepala 5, e basim discreta lanceolata, 3-5 mm 
longa, ad basim ca 1 mm lata, apice acuminata, extus pilosa, 
intus glabra. Corollae tubus infundibulif ormis calcaratus 3-5.5 
mm longus, ad basim 2 mm latus, extus sparsim pilosus, intus 
glaber sed ad orem pilosus, purpureo-vittatus vel maculatus; 
limbus ca 6 mm latus, dense glandulosus, lobis superis erectis 
ca 1.5 mm longis , 1.0-1.5 mm latis, lobis lateralibus patentibus 
1-2 mm longis, ca 1 mm latis, lobo basali patenti, 1-2 mm longo, 
1.0-1.5 mm lato. Stamina 4, inclusa; filamenta ad tubae corollae 
basim per ca 1 mm adnata, ca 5 mm longa, glabra, post dehiscentiam 
spiralia; antherae adhaerentes, loculis globosis ca 0.5 latis, 
dorsaliter sparsim pilosis; staminodium nullum. Ovarium ovoideum, 
ca 1 mm longum, pilosum; stylus ca 5 mm longus, ad basim pilosus, 
stigmate conspicue bilobo, glanduloso; discus 2-glandulosus , 
glandula posteriore l/3 base ovario cingenti, ca 0.75 mm longa, 
glandula anteriore ca 0,25 mm longa. Capsula globosa, bivalvis, 
ca 2 mm lata; semina fusiforma, oblique striata, ca 0.3 mm longa, 
0.2 mm lata, ferruginea. 

Type: J. J. Wurdack 2072 (holotype US, 2404394!, isotypes 
BHi, USM not seen, others to be distributed), collected in high 
rainforest along Rio Maratton near Teniente Pinglo, just above 
Pongo de Manseriche, Provincia de Alto Amazonas, Departamento de 
Loreto, Peru, elev. 250-300 m, 4-7 October 1962. "Locally 
frequent. Corolla white." 



19 7h 



Skog, New Peruvian geanerlaceae 



239 




1;t"".i"|'v'''j 

[L.i..1..l''.j..1„i.J 






Figure 3. Nautilocalyx minutiflorus L. Skog, 
sp. nov. ( Wurdack 2072, holotype US). 



2U0 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

This species resembles some members of the genus Cremosperma 
in its inflorescences of numerous small flowers, but the flowers 
in this plant despite their size are definitely those of a 
Nautilocalyx in having a spurred corolla and two discrete glands. 
Other species of Nautilocalyx have corollas well over 1 cm long; 
N. picturatus also collected by Wurdack from the valley of Rio 
Maranon has corollas up to 4.5 cm long. The leaves of the latter 
species differ markedly from Nautilocalyx minutif lorus in the 
light green bands along the veins on the upper surface and the 
lower surface suffused with reddish-purple with pale green 
bands . 



LITERATURE CITED 

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. 1958. The Gesneriaceae of Guiana. Acta 
Bot. Neerl. 7: 291-444. 

Morton, C.V. 1945. Las especies sudamericanas del genero 
Monopyle. Revista Univ. (Cuzco) 87: 98-116. 

Morton, C.V. 1968. The Peruvian species of Besleria 

(Gesneriaceae). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 38: 125-151. 

Skog, L.E. 1974. Valid publication of Nautilocal}^ picturatus 
[Gesneriaceae]. Baileya 19: 118-122. 

Vogel, S. 1966. ParfUmsammelnde Bienen als BestSuber von 
Orchidaceen und Gloxinia . Oesterr. Bot. Z. 113: 
302-361. 

Wurdack, J.J. 1964. Botanical exploration of the Maranon 
rain forests. Card. J. New York Bot. Gard. 14: 
143-146. 



ADDITION/Oi NOTES ON THE GENUS VERBENA. . XH 
Harold N, Moldenke 



VERBENA [Dorst.] L. 

Additional «c emended bibliography: Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. 
Ceylon 6: 229 & 231. 1931; Kanjilal, Das, Kanijalal, & De, Fl. 
Aaaam 3: ii6l, 162, &: 561. 1939j Glover, Prov. Check List Brit. & 
Ital. Somal. $6, 268, & 269. 1917; R. 0, .."illiams, Usefxa £: Orna- 
ment. PI. Zanzib. 76, 95, & I482. 19U9} McVaugh, N. Y. State Llus. 
Bull. 36a\: 195—196, 353, 358, 383, & U32. 1958; Abeywickrama, 
Ceylon Joum. Sci. Biol. 2: 217. 1959; A. M. Anderson in Mrs. A. 
S. Anderson, Our Card. Herit. hh* 1961; Mrs. C. H. Stout in Llrs. 
A. S. Anderson, Our Gard. Herit. 51. 1961; llrs, M. J. Fox in llrs. 
A. S. Anderson, Our Gard. Herit. 66. I96I; E, Anderson in Mrs. A. 
S. Anderson, O^r Gard. Herit. 79. 1961; Mrs. E. M. Cheston in Mrs. 
A. S. Anderson, Our Gard. Herit. 357. 1961; Irwin & Wills, Road- 
side Fls. Seyl. Ili7. 1968; C. A. Br., Wildf Is . La. 155, 156, 2U2, 
2kh, & 2U6. 1972; Altschul, Drugs & Foods 2U3 & 358. 1973; Borland, 
Seasons h9. 1973; Burlage, Wild Flow. PI. Lakes Country lii3— lUi. 
1973; Farnsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 8 (10): xvii. 1973; Fenaroli, 
Webbia 28: 356 & UlO. 1973; R. R. Rao, Stud. Flow. PI. Mysore Dist. 
2: 752 & 751; [thesis]. 1973; Anon., Sunset 152 (U): 226. 197h't 
Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 195—221. 1971;. 

Gunawardena (1968) gives the derivation of the generic name. 
Verbena , as "Latin, twigs of laurel, olive, myrtle, cypress, etc., 
used in Roman sacrifices and other religious acts; a corruption of 
the Celtic fervain which led to English vervain for Wj_ officina - 
lis ." Williams (19lj9) describes the genus as consisting of 
"creeping plants, Ivs. soft and finely divided, fls. small and 
rosy violet", but this description applies to only a very few spe- 
cies in the genus. Such generic "descriptions", based on onlj' one 
or a few species, or on the species found in a small geographic 
area, are most misleading to the non-specialist who may rely on 
them as descriptive of the entire genus . 

VERBENA AMBROSIFOLIA Rj'db, 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 195, 199, 200, 
20U, & 211. 197li. 

Spellenberg and his associates encountered this plant in a 
swale. The corollas on Spellenberg , Rag an , & Vtillson 3390 are de- 
scribed as having been "pink -lavender" in color when fresh. 

Additional citations: NEW MEXICO: Lincoln Co.: Spellenberg , Ra- 
gan , & Willson 3390 (N) . 

VERBENA AMBROSIFOLIA f . EGUNDULOSA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phj'tologia 28: 111 &. 211. 
19 7U. 

Lehto and his associates found this plant growing in ponderosa 

2I4I 



2U2 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

pine-Gambel oak forests in Arizona, 

Additional citations: ARIZONA: Greenlee Co.: Lehto, McGill , 
Nash , & Pinkava 11267 (N) . 

VERBENA BIPINNATIFIDA Nutt. 

Additional Sc emended bibliography: Irwin & V/ills, Roadside Fls. 
Tex. 189, pi. 39* 1961} Biirlage, vaid Flow. PI. Lakes Country 11^3. 
1973j Voldenke, Phj^ologia 28: 19^—196 & 199. 197U. 

Emended illustrations: Irvrin & Wills, Roadside Fls. Tex. pi. 
39 (in color). I96I. 

Irwin & Wills (I96I) give the distribution of this species as 
"South Dakota to Alabama, west to Arizona and northern Mexico" and 
say of it that "The Prairie Verbena is one of the most abundant 
wildf lowers in Texas, from the points of view of both distribution 
and period of flowering. '^Vhile commonest on limestone soils, it 
is found throughout most of the state, the only exceptions being 
the pine forests of the East and the most desertous western re- 
gions. It flowers most freely in the spring, but in moist situa- 
tions in the southern part of the state the flowers keep coming 
nearly throughout the year. The low matted habit suits the plant 
well for edge-work in the garden. Restricted to the Trans-Pecos 
is a plant of similar habit, V/right's Verbena, V. wrightii Gray, 
an annual with leafy erect or spreading stems and rosy or light 
purple flowers in spring." 

Burlage (1973) records the common names "Dakota Verbena", 
"Sweet-A'illiam", "Small Flowered Verbena", "Common Verbena", 
"Wild Verbena", and "Plains Verbena" for this plant and says of it 
that "The flowers blocan from spring xintil severe freeze. They are 
clusters of flowers on the top of the stalk, which has many 
prostrate branches . The leaves are thick, rough, divided into 
narrow segments. Children suck the nectar from the corollas tube. 
The Highway Department uses it for roadside planting." 

VERBENA BOl^ARIENSIS L. 

Additional bibliography: Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl, Ceylon 
6: 231—232. 1931i Abeywickrama, Ceylon Joxirn. Sci. Biol. 2: 217. 
1959; Gunawardena, Gen. & Sp. PI. Zeyl. lU7. 1968 j Moldenke, Phy- 
tologia 28: I96. 19 7U. 

Alston (1931) describes the inflorescence of this plant as 
"usually simple", but this is not true. He describes the flower 
color as "pale mauve" amd notes that the plant blooms in Ceylon 
in December and January. Gxmawardena (1968) comments that the 
specific epithet is derived from Bonaria, the classical name for 
Buenos Aires, Argentina, 

VERBENA BRACTEATA Lag. & Rodr. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: I96. I97I4. 

Recent collectors have found this plant in grassy areas of 
pinyon- juniper formations and as a member of the shortgrass 
prairie community in New Mexico. 

Additional citations: NEff MEXICO: Lincoln Co.: Spelleriberg , Ra- 
gan, & Willson 3UOO (N). Quay Co.: L. C. Higgins 6915 (N) . 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 2U3 

VERBENA CAMER0NEN5IS L. I. Davis 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 120. 1971. 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Cameron Co.: C_. L_, Lundell 10771 
(Ml). MEXICO: San Luis Potosl : C_. L^ Lundell 122^6 (Ld, Ui). 

VERBENA CANADENSIS (L.) Britton 

Additional bibliography: E. Anderson in Mrs. A. S. Anderson, 
Our Card. Merit. 79. 1961; C. A. Br., Wildf Is . La. 155, 2hh, & 2U6. 
1972; Burlage, 'rVild Flow. PI. Lakes Country m3. 1973; Uoldenke, 
Phytologia 28: 197—200 & 209. 1971;. 

Additional jJLlustrations: C. A. Br., Wildfls. La. 155 (in col- 
or). 1972. 

Burlage (1973) records the common names, "rose verbena", "rose 
vervain", and "Lambert's verbena", for this species. He says of 
it: "These have ovate leaves which are toothed or lobed, but not 
divided as is Wild Verbena [V, ciliata] . The flowers are reddish- 
purple with white eye suriDunded by a black line." Anderson 
(1961) comments that in the Ozark Mountains this species and 
Lithospermum canescens »»mix brilliant magenta and vivid orange on 
mary hillsides in springtime." 

VERBENA CANESCENS H.B.K. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Irwin & Wills, Roadside Fls. 
Tex. 190. I96I; Moidenke, Phytologia 28: 200—202, 20U, 207, & 
212. 19 7h. 

VERBENA CAROLINA L. 

Additional bibliography: Altschul, Drugs & Foods 2li3. 1973; 
Farnsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 8 (10): xvii. 1973; Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 28: 202—203. 197U. 

Altschul (1973) cites Hinton 2729 from Mexico and reports his 
statement that this species is "triturated [and] taken for malaria". 

VERBENA CILIATA Benth. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena ciliate Benth. ex Burlage, Wild 
Flow. PI. Lakes Country lk3, sphalm. 1973. 

Additional bibliography: Burlage, Wild Flow. PI. Lakes Coxmtry 
lii3. 1973; Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 201 & 203—205. 19 7U. 

Brirlage (1973) records the common names, "fringe verbena" and 
•♦wild verbena" for this plant and notes that it "is an ajuiual with 
spreading, square stems with flat- topped clusters of small, reddish 
or purple flowers. The leaves are opposite. The flowers are tubu- 
lar. These grow in patches, but never in extended areas." 

VERBENA ELBGA^B H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Altschul, Drugs & Foods 2li3. 1973; Mol- 
denke, Phytologia 28: 200, 201, & 206—209. 197U. 

Altschul (1973) cites Gentry 2730 from Mexico and reports his 
statement that a decoction is there made of the herbage of this 
plant and that this is used in the treatment of stomach ailments. 



2hh PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no, 3 

xVERBENA ENGELMANNII Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 209 & 216. 

19 7U. 

Gunderson found this plant growing in cow pastures in Wiscon- 
sin, flowering in September, and describes the corolla color as 
"purple" . 

Additional citations : TrVISCONSIN: Grant Co . : J^ Gunderson 26U 
(Ws, Ws). 

VERBENA HALEI Small 

Additional & emended bibliography: Irwin &. rtills. Roadside Fls, 
Tex. 190. 1961 J Burlage, Wild Flow. PI. Lakes Country 1143. 1973i 
Moldenke, Phytologia 26: 212—213. 197U. 

Burlage (1973) records the common names, "blue vervain", "can- 
delabra vervain", "slender verbena", "slender vervain", "standing 
verbena", and "vervain", for this species. He describes it as "A 
perennial which taikes on renewed blooming from early spring until 
fall, but only scattered plants bloom after June. The flowers are 
small, scattered at the top of the stem and are purple. The upper 
leaves are narrow, those of the midstem are divided and the lower 
are broad and irregularly toothed." Higgins reports it from grav- 
elly soil in the desert shrub community of Texas. 

Additional citations : TEXAS : Brewster Co . : jL. C^ Higgins 6762 
(N). 

VERBENA HASTATA L. 

Additional & emended bibliography: McVaugh, N, T. State Mus. 
Bull. 36OA: 195, 196, 353, & U32. 1958; Borland, Seasons U9. 
1973} Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 213—218. 197U. 

McVaugh (I958) speaks of this plant as "common" in "Pastures 
and wet places .... .Abundant in moist meadows and along streams, 
but also often weedy, in pastures and cultivated groxind." He re- 
fers to the corolla-color as "violet-blue". 

The D. Wills s.n. [July 27, 1957], distributed as V^ hastata, 
is actually xV. l ydbergii Moldenke . 

xVERBENA HYBRIDA Voss 

Additional & emended bibliography: R. 0. Williams, Useful & Or- 
nament. PI. Zanzib. Ii82. 19l;9; A. M. Anderson in Mrs. A. S. Ander- 
son, Our Gard. Herit. Uh* 1961} Mrs. C, H. Stout in Mrs, A. S, An- 
derson, Our Gard, Herit, 51 • 1961} Mrs. M. J. Fox in Mrs. A, S, 
Anderson, Our Gard, Herit. 66. 1961} Mrs. E. M. Cheston in Mrs, A, 
S. Anderson, Our Gard, Herit, 357. 1961} Irwin & Wills, Roadside 
Fls, Tex, 190. 1961} Moldenke, Pl^ologia 28: 220—221. 197U. 

Burkill (1966) says that " V. hybrida must be grown as an annual 
from imported seed [in Malaya], and, as Mrs. Gough says (Gard, 
Book for Malaya, 1928, p, 2li8), is impatient of damp and not al- 
ways a success in wet weather," Williams (19U9) records it as 
cultivated on Zanzibar amd Pemba islands in many colors, rooting 
"at the joints", and "especially in garden beds during cooler 
weather." 



197U lloldenke, Notes on Verbena 2lt5 

The Boulos s.n, [July 1952], distributed as xV_. hybrida , is ac- 
tually V_^ r ig Ida iipreng. 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: Bermuda: Broim L Britton 1728 
(Ba— photo) . Canada: Gillett hO-U22-6l (Ea) . Ceylon: Lloldenke , 
Moldenke , Jayasuriya, & Sumithraarachchi 28291 (Pd) . Egypt: Has- 
sib s.n. [29A/I9ia] (Oz); Mahdi s.n. [16/6/1971] (Ac); Sisi s.n. 
[26/5/1973] (Gz); V. TackhoLn s.n. [30/10/1959] (Gz) . New York: 
R^ B. Clark s.n. [B. H. 6I1-IO6] (Ba); D. A_. Fiaher s.n. [July 6, 
I936T (Ba) . Pennsylvania: J, W. Peterson J.lOl; (BaYI ^Saint 
Thomas: Britton & Britton 237 (Ba — photo) . South Africa: Bayliss 
BC.118U (Ba) . Texas: C_. L_. Lundell 10936 (Vi) . Zambia: Coxe 18 
(Ba). 

xVERBENA ILLICITA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1, 
677 (1932) and pr. 2, 2: 677. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 278. 
1972. 

VERBENA INCISA Hook. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena arraniana Paxt., Pock, Bot, Diet., 
ed. 1, 328. 18U0. 

Additional k emended bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 
1, 328 (I8i;0) and ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. Usuel. & 
Med. 2: 158. i860; Furusato, Bot, L Zool. Theoret. & Appl. Tokyo 
[Syokubutu Oyobi Dobuti] 8: I30I1, I306 1307, 1310, & 1311 [8 
(8): UO, U2, U3, U6, & U7], fig. 3. mO; Angely, Fl. Anal. & 
Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, h- 839, map 1393. 1971; Encke (St Buch- 
heim in Zander, HandwtJrterb . Pflanzenn., ed. 10, 520. 1972; F. 
Perry, Fls. World 303 & 320. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 21: 218 & 
237 (1972) and 25: 23li St 2Ui;. 1973; kloldenke in Woodson, Schery, 
& al. Ann. Mo. Bot, Card, 60: U5 & IU8 . 1973; Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 28: 221. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Furusato, Bot, 2c Zool. Theoret. St 
Appl. Tokyo [Syokubutu Oyobi Dobuti] 8: 1307 [8 (8): U3], fig. 3. 
19l;0. 

Furusato (I9U0) reports that seeds of this plant required about 
18 days to germinate under normal conditions; with 0,02 percent 
colchicine they also required 18 days; with 0,05, 0,1, and 0,2 per- 
cent 20 days; and with 0,U and 0,8 did not germinate at all. The 
species' normal chromosome number he reports as 10, diploid 20, 
and tetraploid UO; no octoploid was produced. 

The Angely (1971) reference cited in the bibliography above was 
previously cited by me as 1970, the title-page date, but this work 
was not actually published until 1971. 

Paxton (13U0) asserts that V, incisa was introduced into cul- 
tivation in England in 1835 and his V, arraniana in 1837. Dupuis 
(l360) describes the color of the flowers as "rose pouipi^", which 
leads one to suspect that his plant was not V, incisa . 

The late Dr. T. A. Sprague, in a letter to~Dr. L. H. Bailey 
dated 9/6/2U, says "Verbena incisa Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 3623 (18 38). 



2U6 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

Only a fragment (two nodes, without flowers) of the actual tjTpe- 
specimen was preserved, and this woiild not make a satisfactory 
photograph. There is, however, a fine contemporary specimen of a 
plant cultivated as V, incisa in the Gardens of the Horticultural 
Society. This agrees with the Bot, Mag. plate and may be accep- 
ted as a 'working type' . It is being photographed. The sheet 
containg the wild specimens cited by Hooker is also being photo- 
graphed." These photographs have been examined by me and are 
cited below; all three specimens are preserved in the herbarium 
of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. The corollas on Quarln 655, 
cited below, are said to have been "red" when fresh and the col- 
lector comments that it is a "maleza en cultivos de algod6n" 
[weed in cotton-fields]. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Tweedie 50U 
(Ba~photo), 505 (Ba~photo). PARAGUAY: Hassler 12335 (Ba~ 
photo, Ba — photo). ARGENTINA: Santa F^: Quarin 655 (Ld) j Tweed- 
ie U60 (Ba— photo), s.n. [Santa F^] (Ba~photo). CULTIVATED: 
England: Herb. Hort. Soc. Lond. s.n. (Ba— photo) . MOUNTED ILLUS- 
TRATIONS: Hook., Bot. Mag. 65: pl'r3528. 1839 (Ba— photo) . 

VERBENA INTEGRIFOIIA Sess6 & Moc. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 280. 1972. 

Additional citations: LOCALITY OF COLLECTION UNDETERMINED: C_. 
H^den s.n. (Pd) . 

xVERBENA INT2RCEDENS Briq. 

Additional bibliograpty: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 280 (1972) 
and 28: 116. 197U. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as attaining a height of 
about 1 meter. Vifhen in cultivation as "a garden annual" in the 
United States gardens it flowers and fruits in July and August, 
In Brazil it has been encountered on the campos. The corollas 
are said to have been "pale-violet" on Dress 1393, "violet" on 
Krapovickas , Crist6bal , & Marufiak 23056 , and "purple" on Cowgill 
903 — the last mentioned collection being taken from plants 
grown from seed of Archer 1;821 from Paraguay, 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Krapovickas , 
CristCbal . & MaruBak 23056 (Z) . CULTIVATED: Maryland: Cowgill 
903 [PI. Introd. 121505] (Ba). New York: Dress 1393 (Ba) , 

VERBENA INTERMEDIA Gill. & Hook, 

Qnended synonymy: Verbena intermedia Gill, ex Gibert, Enum, 
PI. Montev. U3. 1873. 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(13U0) and ed. 2, 328. 181|9; Gibert, Enum. PI. Montev. 1+3. 1873; 
Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 57 (2): 909. 1938} Reitz, Sellow- 
ia 22: lli5. 1970; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 280—281 (1972), 25: 
235 (1973), and 28: 201. 197U. 

Gibert (l873) reduces V. canescens to synonymy under V. inter- 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 21^7 

madia , but this is obviously an error. Verbena canescena is a 
very distinct species of Nevada, Texas, and Mexico. Paxton (18U0) 
avers that V. intermedia was introduced into cultivation in Eng- 
land in 1828. Rosengurtt Gallinal refers to it as "rare" in Uru- 
guay, and the corollas on Rosengurtt Gallinal 60l3 are d escribed 
as having been "violet" in color //hen fresh. 

Additional citations: URUGUAY: Rosengurtt Gallinal 6OI6 (Ba) , 
B.765 (Ba). 

VERBENA JORDANENSIS Moldenke 

Additional & emended bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitoge- 
ogr. S. Paulo ed. 1, hi 839 & xix, map 1393, 1971; Moldenke, Phy- 
tologia 23: 28l. 1972. 

The corollas on Hatschbach 307U9 are said to have been "white" 
when fresh and the plant was encountered on rocky canpos. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Paran4: Hatschbach 307U9 (Ld) . 

VERBENA LACINIATA (L.) Briq. 

Additional sjnonywy: Verbena erinaides V/illd. ex Lindl. in Ed- 
wards, Bot. Reg. 21: pi. 1766, in textu. 1335. I^chnidea verbenas 
tenuifoliae folio , vulgo Sandia Laguen Feulll. ex Lindl. in Ed- 
wards, Bot. Reg. 21: pi. I766, in syn. 1835. Verbena pulcherrima 
Hook, ex Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. Usuel. & Med. 80. i860. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Desf ., Tabl. &0I. Bot., ed. 
1, $h. l80Uj Willd., Bnum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 63U. 1809; Desf., 
Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed. 2, 66. I8l5; Lindl. in Edwards, Bot. Reg. 
21: pi. 17ii8 & 1766. 1835; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(18U0) and ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. Usuel. £: Med. 2: 80 
& lOU. i860; Gibert, Enum. PI. Montev. U3. 1873; Anon., Kew Bull. 
Misc. Inf. 1929, App. 2: IO8. 1929; R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray 
Herb. I8U: 170. 1958; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo ed. 
1, hi 839, vii, & xix, map 1393. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 
22, li6, 137, Ihl, 218, 233, & 237— 2U0 (1972), 25: 23U (1973), and 
28: 112. 197U. 

Dupuis (i860) describes what he calls V^ pulcherrima as "Annu- 
elle; tige de 50 cent.; fleurs violettes; juin-octobre" and V, erin - 
oldes as "Annuelle; tiges de 10 cent.; fleurs lilas; juin-octobre" . 
Desfontaines (130U) calls the species "veirveine lacinifia". Paxton 
(I8U0) asserts that it was introduced into cultivation in England 
in I8i8. The Verbena erinaides Willd., listed in the synonymy a- 
bove, was previously erroneously listed by me as a synoixym of var. 
contracta ( Lindl . ) Moldenke . 

The Herb. Desfontaines h specimen, of .vhich there is a photograph 
in the Bailey Ilortorium herbarium, bears a label in Desfontaines' 
own handwriting reading " Verbena multifida F. peruv. V. erinoides 
L. hb., Srinus laciniatus L." To this Spach (ciirator of the Paris 
Museum herbarium at the time) has added: " Verbena tenera Sprgl. — 
pulchella Sweet (Non V. erinoides )". A memorandum to Dr. L. H. 
Bailey from the Paris herbarium curator states that this IS probab- 



2l;8 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

ly the type specimen of V, erinoides. However, that binomial is 
based on Erinus laciniatus of Linnaeus and THAT is based on a 
Feuill6e non-existent specimen, so the illustration given by Feu- 
illle must be regarded as the "standard" type according to the 
late expert on the International Rules, Dr. Sprague of Kew. The 
Desfontaines and the two Lamarck specimens, photographs of which 
are cited below, are deposited in the herbarium of the J.ius5um Nat- 
ional d'Histoire Naturelle at Paris. 

Ths corollas on Asplimd 2QlIt.7 are said to have been "pale- 
violet" when fresh and this distinguished collector encountered 
the plant on dry slopes in Ecuador at 2300 meters altitude. 

The Mahu 7^8-L & i;232 and Morrison 16771 , distributed as V. 
lacinlata , are actually V^ berterii (Mesin.) Schau., while Eyer - 
dam & Beetle 22317 is V. dissecta VVilld. The Angely (1971) 
work cited in the bibliography above was previously cited by me as 
1970, the title-page date, but was not actually published iintil 
1971. 

Additional citations: ECUADOR: Tunguragua: Asplund 2011i7 (W — 
26^2U58). URUGUAY: Herb. Lamarck 3 (Ba~photo) . APOjENTINA: Bue- 
nos Aires: Herb. Lamarck 2 (Ba — photo). CULTIVATED: France: 
Herb. Desfontaines k (Ba — photo) . 

VERBENA LACINIATA var. CONTRACTA (Lindl.) Moldenke 

Additional synonymy: Verbena erinoides var. sabinl Sweet, 
Brit. Fl. Card. 7 [ser. 2, U] : pi. 3U7. I836. Verbena sabini 
Hort. ex Sweet, Brit. Fl. Card. 7 [ser. 2, U] J pi. 3ii7, in syn. 
1336. Verbena multifida sabinl D. Don ex G. Don in Loud., Hort. 
Brit. Suppl. 2: 680. 1339. Verbena sabini Sweet ex Scahu. in A. 
DC, Prodr. 11: 553, in syn, I81i7. Verbena sabiniana Hort. ex 
Briq., Ann. Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Genev. 7-3: 297. 190U. Verbena 
erinoides sabinii D. Don ex Stapf, Ind. Lond. 6: U29. 1931. Ver - 
bena laciniata var. sabini (Sweet) Moldenke, Phytologia 3? i|26. 
1951' Verbena laciniata var. sabinii Moldenke in Chittenden, Roy. 
Hort. Soc. Diet. Gard. 6: 2211. 1951. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Willd., Enum. PI, Hort. Ber- 
ol. 2: 63U— 635. 1809; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 (I8UO) 
and ed. 2, 328. I8i;9; Regel, Gartenfl. 28: 372—373. 1879; Jacks, 
in Hook. f. & Jacks., Ind. Kew. pr. 1, 2: 1179. 1395 J Briq., Ann. 
Conserv. & Jard. Bot. Genev. 7-8: 296—297. 190Ui Jacks, in Hook, 
f. & Jacks., Ind. Kew., pr. 2, 2: 1179 (I9li6) and pr. 3, 2: 1179. 
1959i Moldenke, R6sum6 223, 361;, 370, 373, & U72. 1959; Moldenke, 
R5sum6 Suppl. 3: Hi, 29, 37, 38, UO, & I4I. 1962; Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 9: 39U— 396, 399, & liOl— U03 (1963) and 11: I88, 189, 271, 
& ii69. 1965; Moldenke, Fifth Summ. 1: 193, 201, & 371 (1971) and 
2: 667, 668, 678, 681;, 69U, & 916. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 
28U. 1972. 

Additional illustrations: Sweet, Brit. Fl, Gard. 7 [ser. 2, U] : 
pi. 3hl (in color). I836. 

The original description of var. contracta (1835) reads "What 



197U iloldenke, Notes on Verbena 2li9 

we now figure is a dwarfer amd more short- jointed kind [than Vj^ 
multifida Ruiz ^^c Pav.], our drawing of which was made in the Gar- 
den of the Horticultural Society last June. It looks alaost like 
a species of scentless Thyme, and grows into a very dense patch 
which has but little disposition to extend itself." The original 
description of var. sabini (I836) is "It differs from the nonnal 
variety of erlnoides only by its dwarfer, denser, and more glab- 
rous habit, and rich purple flowers". It seems most likely to me 
now that these two names apply to the same taxon, for which the 
earlier varietal name must be adopted. Paxton (I8U0) avers that 
it was introduced into cultivation in England in 18 3U; Willdenow 
(I8O9) lists it as cultivated at the Berlin Botanical Garden in 

1809 . 

Additional citations: MOUNTED ILLUSTRATIONS: Edwards, Hot. 
Reg. 21: pi. 1766. 1835 (Ba — photo, Ba — photo, Ba — photo) j Sweet, 
Brit. Fl. Card. 7 [ser. 2, I^] : pi. 3U7. I836 (Ba— photo, Ba— 
photo, Ba — photo) . 

VERBENA LAGINIATA var. SABINI (Sweet) Moldenke 

This taxon is now regarded as a synonym of V^ laciniata var. 
contracta (Lindl.) Moldenke, so all the data recorded by me 
previously under this trinomial should be transferred to the 
latter, 

VERBENA LASIOSTACHIS Link 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(18U0) and ed. 2, 328. I81i9} Anon., Kew Bull. Misc. Inf. 1929, App. 
3: 108. 1929; Higgins, Occas. Pap. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 8: 
121. I9I49; Wetzel, Madroflo 21: 195. 1971} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 
28U— 287. 1972j Howitt & Howell, Suppl. Vase. PI. Monterey Go. 28. 

1973. 

Higgins (I9U9) says that this species is "Goomon from Point 
Loma....and San Onofre....to Palomar Mt....and Guyamaca Mts....; 
has been taken at Japatul" and cites nos . 6787 , 11037 , 21028 , 
22058 , & 288U; from Galifomla. Wetzel (1971) found it "Fairly 
common along margins of Alameda Greek" in the same state. Paxton 
(I8I1O) asserts that it was introduced into cultivation in England 
in 1826, but is "worthless" in cultivation. 

The M. Hall s.n. [May 18, 19U0] , distributed as V. lasiostachys , 
is actually V. abramsi Moldenke, while Ferlatte & Rogers 2031 is 
V . lasiostachys var . septentrional is Moldenke . 

Additional citations: GALIFORNIA: Alpine Go.: Hoover UI6I (Bl— 
I9I6IU). Monterey Co.: L^ S. Rose 5301x2 (Bl— 91003, Bl— 253598) . 

VERBENA LASirSTACHYS var. SEPTENTRIONALIS Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 218. 1972; 

Howitt & Howell, Suppl. Vase. PI. Monterey Go. 28. 1973. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as "woody at base, in 

large clianps" and foxind it growing on open rocky hillsides burned 

over about 3 years previously and in gravel waste lands by old 



2^0 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

cabins Trith Plantago, Lepidium, and Crypt an tha . The corollas on 
Ferlatte & Rogers 2031 are said to have been "purple" and these 
collectors speak of the plant as being "occasional" in its distri- 
bution. 

Additional citations: CALIFORNIA: Santa Cruz Co.: Moldenke & 
Moldenke 25971 (Ac) . Trinity Co.: E. K. Balls 13802 (Bl— 60169) J 
Ferlatte & Rogers 2031 (Bl--2/i5222) . 

VERBENA LIIACINA Greene 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 288. 1972. 

Recent co]J.ectors describe this species as a rounded shrub, 1 m. 
tall, or a bushy herb, and found it groyring at altitudes of 10 to 
1100 meters on silty flats or the steep north slope of canyons. 
Moran 17123 bears a notation that this collection represents "the 
northernmost [specimen] seen on the coast road, Puerto San Jos^", 
Baja California. The Haines & Hale unnumbered specimen in the 
University of Arizona herbarium is said to be a topotype of the 
species. The corollas on Moran 8195 & 10669 are said to have been 
"lavender" when fresh. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Baja California: R. Moran 8195 
(Ba, Bl— 187272), 17123 (Ld), 17127 (Bl--26li351;). MEHCAN OCEANIC 
ISLANDS: Cedros: Haines & Hale s.n. [9 March 1939] (Bl— 76561), 
s.n. (Tu— 102687); R. Moran lO^^TBa), IO698 (Bl— 187261) . 

VERBENA LINDMANI Briq. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Reitz, Sellowia 13: 110 
(1961) and 22: llt5. 1970j Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 288. 1972. 

VERBENA LITORALIS H.B.K. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 
1, 328 (I8I1O) and ed. 2, 328. 181^95 Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. 
ii3. 1873} Hartwell, Uoydia 3U: 387. 1922; Fedde & Schust. in 
Just, Bot. Jahresber. 59 (2): iil7. 1939; Oertel, U. S. Dept. Agr. 
Circ. 55U: 21. 1939; Garcia Alcover, Med. Herb. Chil. 1950; Angely, 
Taxon k'- 120. 1955; R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. I81i: 171. 
1958; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k'- 839, 8ii0, 
& xix, map I39li. 1971; Beadle, Evans, Carolin, & Tindale, Fl. Syd- 
ney Reg., ed. 2, 507. 1972; Faemsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 7 (U): 
XXV & 222. 1972; Hinton & Rzedowski, Joum. Arnold Arb. 53: I67. 
1972; Rouleau, Taxon Index Vol. 1-20. part 1: 378. 1972; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 2k: 216, 218, &■ 22li (1972) and 25: 23U. 1973; Altschul, 
Drugs & Foods 2U3. 1973; Farnsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 6, Cum. 
Gen. Ind. [121]. 1973; Moldenke in T/oodson, Schery, & al., Ann. 
Mo. Bot. Gard. 60: hh—hl & ll|8, fig. 1. 1973; Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 28: 203 & 218. 1971;. 

Additional illustrations: Moldenke in Vfoodson, Schery, & al., 
Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 60: U6, fig. 1. 1973. 

Recent collectors have found this species growing in wet sand 
or roadside marl, open fields and clearings, hillside pastures, 
rainforests on movmtains, mountain slopes, and cloudforests, along 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 251 

weedy roadsides, on high ridges and hillslopes, at the edges of 
old coffee plantations in fertile soil with rocks, and on steep 
slopes with Quercus, Pinus , Liquidanbar , Podocarpus, and Magnolia. 
In South Africa it has been found in mountainous areas with many- 
springs and streams, sane wooded and some grassy areas, basically 
dolomites and limestone covered with deep humus in many places . 
They describe it as 0.8 — 1 m. tall, the stems quadrangular and 
ribbed, the uppermost parts and calyx-tips purple, and the leaves 
medium-green. Scora refers to the species as abundant on exposed 
lava on Quaternary continental deposits in Veracruz, l!exico; Bris- 
tol says that it is common in waste places in Putumayo, Colombiaj 
and liuiz-Teran & L6pez-Figueiras found it "en paties y jardines" 
in K6rida, Venezuela. Chindoy B. asserts that it is medicinal in 
ColcHDbia. 

Additional vernacular names recorded for V^ litoralis are 
"mountain verbina", "verbena de montana", and "vervenushe" . The 
corollas are described as having been "violet" in color on Quarfn, 
Mroginski , & Gonzilez 396 and Proctor 25Q9o , "blue-violet" on 
Contreras 8783 , "lilac" on Breteler 3056 and Contreras 61$ 2 , 
"blue" on Chindoy B. Ug, Contreras 263$ & $2Ul , Dodson & Thien 
1810 . Hinton & al. 121$6 , and Rodin 3917 , "bluish" on Krapovickas , 
Crist6bal, Arbo, Maruflak , Maruflak , & Irigoyen 166 3U , "purple" on 
Sousa & Diego litTl, "moradas claras" on Ruiz-Teran & L6pez- 
Figueiras 1903 , "pink" on Gentle 61i8l , "pinkish" on Gentle 7119 , 
"white to pink" on Cooley 112$$ , and "blue in spring" on Pfeifer 
131$, while on Bristol 11$U they are described as "corolla-tube 
light-purple, limb white" and on Tucker I308 "throat pale-laven- 
der or white, lobes lavender". Beadle and his associates (1972) 
describe the corollas as "blue-purple". These authors describe 
the species as having the spikes short and dense, the peduncles 
naked for some distance below the flowers or bearing very reduced 
leaves, the coroUa-limb 2 — $ ram. in diameter, the tube about h 
mn. long, the calyx about 3 ram. long. They say that the plant is 
"Hispid with simple hairs becoming almost glabrous in the older 
p5a*ts", the leaves "elliptic to lanceolate in outline, dentate or 
lobed." 

Oertel (1939) lists this species as a honey plant and a pollen- 
yielding plant in Louisiana. Paxton (I8U0) states that it was in- 
troduced into cultivation in England in 1832. Gibert (1873) re- 
duces V_. brasiliensis Veil, and V. littoralis var. pycnostachya 
Schau. to synonymy under what he calls Vj, littoralis Kunth, but 
seems incorrect. Verbena brasilienais is quite distinct, although 
admittedly closely related to V. litoralis , and Schauer' s trinom- 
ial is synonymous with it. 

Altschul (1973) cites Hinton 3731 from Mexico, Steinbach $137 
frcHn Bolivia, and Hinckley & Hinckley 6U from Peru and reports the 
statements of these well-known collectors that the juice of macer- 
ated plants of V. litoralis is taken against malaria and that the 
plant is also employed as a purgative, in the treatment of contu- 
sions, anainst fevers, and as a "general remedy" for coughs. 



2^2 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

The Santa Cruz 1938 , distributed as V, litoralls , is actually 
V. bonariensls L., E. L. Johnson 6310 is V. hayekii Iloldenke, 
Breedlove 9l;^8 is V. litoralls var. albiflora Koldenke, Lindeman 
& Haas 3692 is V. minutiflora Briq., and Rambo U9723 is V. monte- 
vidensis Spreng. The Schultes 5t Reko 237 , cited below, is a mix- 
ture with V, Carolina L. 

Additional citations: FLORIDA: County undetennined: C_. D. Eyrd 
s.n. [South Florida, 29 July I969] (Ft), MEXICO: Chiapas: Ton 
281i7 (Ws, Ws). Michoacdn; Hinton & al. 12156 (Tu— 213U7) . Oaxa- 
ca: Pringle U877 (Pd)j Schultes 4 Reko 237 . in part (Oa) . Puebla: 
Marcks & Marcks 79U (Ws) . Veracruz: Scora 2U51 (W— 2635U82)i 
Sousa & Diego lit 71 (Ba) . GUATEfc'ALA: El Pet^n: Contreras 263^ (Ld), 
6I52 (Ld), 8783 (Ld, Ld). El Quich6: Contreras 52la (Ld, Ld) j 
Proctor 25098 (Ld, Ld) . BRITISH HONDURAS: Gentle 6U8I (Ld), 7119 
(Ld). HONDURAS: Department undetermined: Pfeifer 1315 [Mount 
Uyuca] (W). EL SALVADOR: Santa Ana: Tucker I3O8 (Ba) . NICARAGUA: 
Matagalpa: F. C_. Seymour li050 (Vt)j Zelaya M, 232U (Mi, Ws). 
COLOMBIA: Putumayo: Bristol 115U (Oa, Oa); Chindoy B. U2 (Oa). 
VENEZUELA: K^rida: Breteler 3056 (Ws); Rulz-Teran 5988 (N); Rxiiz- 
Teran & L6pez-Palacios 1903 (N), 6617 (N) . ECUADOR: Tunguragua: 
Dodson & Thien 1810 (Ld, ¥s) . BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Irwin , Harley, 
& Onishi 28721 (N) . ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Krapovickaa , CristiSbal, 
Arbo, Maruflak , Maruff^, & Irigoyen I663U (Ws); Quarin , Mroginski , 
& Gonzilez 396 (Ld); Ruiz Huidobro U275 (B1--10U300) , U710 (Bl— 
10ii299). SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Rodin 3917 (Ba) . HAWAIIAN IS- 
LANDS: Hawaii: Rub tz off 26l5 (V/~262U777) . Maui: Cooley 11255 
(V^s). Oahu: Moldenke & Moldenke 23105 (Ac); Nuttall s.n. [photo 
BM.3129] (Gz— photo). 

VERBENA LITORALLS var. ALBIFLOM Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Hinton & Rzedowski, Journ. Arnold 
Arb. 53: 167. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 369. 1972. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in clearings 
beside houses, on slopes with Quercus , and as weedy plants in 
streets, blooming in March and both flowering and fruiting in 
August. Breedlove encountered it at 5200 feet altitude. The 
corollas are described as "white" on all the specimens cited. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Chiapas: Breedlove 9U53 (Ws) . 
HONDURAS: Distrito Central: Pfeifer 2012 (W) . PERU: Loreto: 
Martin & Lau-Cam 1261 (Oa) . 

VERBENA LITORALLS var. CARACASANA (HJB.K.) Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Schau., Linnaea 20: [klS] . I8i;7} Mol- 
denke, Phytologia 23: 293—295, 371, & Ul9. 1972. 

VERBENA LITORALLS var. C0NG2STA Moldenke 

Additional & emended bibliography: Moldenke, Excerpt. Bot. A. 
18: Uli5. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 295. 1972. 



197ii Uolden>:Q, Notes on Verbena 2$3 

VERBENA LOBATA Veil. 

Additional f,. emended bibliography: Reitz, Sellowia 22: lii5. 
1970; Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, U: 339, 8U0, 
& xix, map 139i;. 1971; Woldenke, Phytologia 23: 295—296. 1972. 

Hatachbach has found this plant growing in the capoeira assoc- 
iation. The corollas on Hatschbach 2$32U are described as having 
been "lilac" in color when fresh, while those on 30676 were "vio- 
let" . 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanA: Hatschbach 2532U (N), 
30676 (Ld). 

VERBENA LOBATA var. HIRSUTA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 296. 1972. 

Hatschbach describes this plant as an herb and found it grow- 
ing in wet soil in clearings in a forest. The corollas on 
Hatschbach 28^17 are said to have been "lilac" in color when 
fresh. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 28$17 (Ld, N) . 

VERBENA LONGIFOLIA f . ALBIFLORA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 296. 1972. 

Contreras describes this plant as an herb with white flowers 
and found it growing "in a village", flowering in July. 

Additional citations: GUATEMALA.: El Quichfi: Contreras $2l;7 
(Ld). 

VERBENA MACDOUGALII Heller 

Additional bibliography: D. S. & H. B. Correll, Aquat. & Wet- 
land PI. SW. U. S. 1397 & 1399— lliOO. 1972; Farnsworth, Phannacog. 
Titles 7 (10): xvi. 1972; Fong & al., Lloydia 35= U7. 1972; 
Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 369 & U36 (1972) and 21;: 139. 1972; Halse, 
Fl. Canyon de Chelly lii7 & lli8 [thesis]. 1973; Rickett, Wild Fls. 
U. S. 6 (3): $UU— 5U6 & 783, pl. 196. 1973} Moldenke, Phytologia 
23: 203. 197U. 

Moir encountered this species "in steppe openings dominated by 
Festuca arizonica in Pseudotsuga menziesii forest zone" in New 
Mexico, while Lehto and his associates found it in a "mountain 
meadow in ponderosa pine zone". My wife, son, and myself have 
seen it abundant along roadsides and in clearings in ponderosa 
pine forests, often producing a spectacularly beautiful display. 
The Corrells (1972) give its distribution as "On flats at high 
elev., in wet nt. meadows and valleys, w. Tex. (Culberson Co.), 
N. M. (widespread in mts.) and Ariz. (Apache, Navajo, Coconino, 
Greenlee, Yavapai and Pima cos.), June — Oct., also s. Wyo. and 
cent. Dt," They refer to it as the "New ilexican Vervain". 

The corollas on E_^ Lleyer 60U are said to have been "purple" in 
color when fresh. Halse (19731 cites Halse U72 ^ 6I4I from the 
Canyon de Chelly. The P^ A^ Wilson 622, distributed as _V. mac- 
dougalii , is actually f . albiflora Loldenke, as is slLso the plate 
196 in Rickett's work (1973). 

Additional citations: COLORADO: Conejos Co.: W. A. V<eber 7865a 



25U PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

(Bl~73325)j Weber & Salamun 12913 (31—199^35) • NET^ MEHCO: 
Colfax Co.: L. £. Higgins 576U (N) . Lincoln Co.: Molr 66-21 (Bl— 
2112^9); Wooton k Standley 3li97 (Bl— 90139), 36^1 (Bl— 90199) . 
Santa Fe Co.: Glllett & Mosquln 122li6 (Bl— 211571) . ARIZONA: 
Apache Co.: Lehto , McGill , Nash, & Pinkava 11^06 (N)j Moldenke & 
Moldenke 278U9 (Ac, Gz, Ld) . Coconino Co.: Holmgren & Holmgren 
h691 ('H--2St^21)i E. lleyer 60U (Ba); H. ]L Rusby 730 (N). 

VERBENA MACDOUGALII f . ALBIFLORA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 293. 1972 j 
Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [ShS] , pl. 196. 1973. 

Illustrations: Rickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5U5] , pl. 196 
(in color). 1973. 

Material of this form has been distributed in some herbaria 
as typical V, macdougalii Heller. The illustration on plate 196 
of Rickett' s work (1973) is labeled and described as the typical 
form of the species, but the picture shows white corollas, so 
seems to represent f . albiflora instead. 

Additional citations: NEW MtoCO: Santa Fe Co.: P. A^ Wilson 
622 (N). 

VERBENA MACRODONTA Periy 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19Ul} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 293. 1972. 

VERBENA MACROSrERMA Speg. 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 5U (2): 7U7 (193U) and 59 (2): Ul7. 1939j Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 23: 298. 1972. 

VERBENA MARITIMA Small 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 573. I9I4I; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
87 & 89. 1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 293—299 (1972) and 28: 
250. 19 7U. 

Solbrig (1968) reports that the normal pollen fertility in this 
species is 85 percent. The two photographs in the Bailey Hortor- 
ium herbarivim, cited below, are of specimens deposited in the Brit- 
ton Herbarium at the New York Botanical Garden. 

There is an as yet unnamed artificial hybrid between V. marit- 
ima and V, canadensis (L.) Brltton for which see under the reverse 
cross in this series of notes . 

Additional citations: FLORIDA: Brevard Co.: Curtis s 5706 (Ba— 
photo) . Dade Co.: Small & Small 51i22 (Ba— photoTI Saint Lucie 
Co.: MacDaniels s.n. [April 2U, 1936] (Ba) . 

VERBENA MARRUBIOIDES Cham. 

Additional bibliography: Reitz, Sellowia 22: lli5. 1970; Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 23: 299. 1972. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: SSo Paulo: Sellow s.n. [Bras, raerid 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 2$$ 

Macbrlde photos 17U29] (Ba—isotype) . 

VERBENA KEGAPOTAiaCA Sprang. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena phlogiflora var. alfa Troncoso, 
Darwiniana 16: [613], in syn. 1971. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. 
Tax. 87—89. 1968; Reitz, Sellowia 22: lii5. 1970; Anon., Biol. 
Abstr. Sh (5): B. A. S. I. C. S.106. 1972; toldenke, Phytologia 
23: 299—301, 372, 373, Ul9, & iA31 (1972) and 2U: 39 & H^O. 1972; 
"S. K. J.", Biol. Abstr. 5U: 2319. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) states that the normal pollen fertility in this 
species is 99 percent. 

The SelloK collection cited below appears to be the type col- 
lection both of V. megapotandca Spreng. and of V_, phlogiflora var. 
Ct Cham. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do S\il: Bellow I3 
[Macbride photos 17U38, in part] (Ba—isotype). 

VERBENA MBGAPOTAinCA Spreng. x V. PULCHELU Sweet 

Synonymy: Glandularla megapotamica x G_, pule he Ha Solbrig in 
Hgywood, Mod. L'eth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. I968. 
This unnamed hybrid was apparently produced artificially by 
Solbrig and his associates in Massachusetts. Until authentic 
herbarium voucher specimens of the parental species can be exam- 
ined it seems pointless to propose a binomial designation for it. 
The name, V. pulchella , is interpreted differently by South Amer- 
ican workers and I am not at all sure that this species is really 
involved in this cross. In anj-- case, such a hybrid might occur 
in nature where the ranges of the two parental species overlap 
and may be represented now in herbaria as some of the perplexing 
intermediate specimens about whose identity there has been such 
difference of opinion. Vouchers of the artificially produced hy- 
brids most certainly should be made available for study. 

VERBENA MENDOGINA R. A. Phil. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Schnack & Govas, Darwiniana 
7: [71], 72, 7U, & 75, pl. 1 B. 19U5i Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 301 
(1972) and 2li: 238. 1972. 

VERBENA MEOTHAEFOLIA Benth. 

Additional bibliography: Higgina, Occas, Pap. San Diego Soc. 
Nat. Hist. 8: 121. 19U9; Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. 
Ariz, Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Vai. Max., ed. 
1, 328, fig. 263-B. 1969; Moldenke, Phjrtologia 23: 369—370 & 37U 
(1972), 2li: UO «c 126 (1972), and 28: 212. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, 
fig. 263-B. 1969. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing along roadsides 
and in grazed meadows with an abundance of sedge species including 
Cyperus fendlerianus , C. rusbyi , C. spectabilis , C. manimae , and 



256 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

others, growing in shallow loan^'' soils in open oak-pine forests. 
The Marcks comment that their collection, cited below, has the 
"spikes panicled at apex". Higgins (19U9) asserts that the spe- 
cies is common around San Diego, California, from Point Loma to 
San Ysidro and Sweetwater Valley, citing his nos. 6783 , 11$18 , 
17067 , & 210l;9 . Sanchez Sanchez (1969) foiind it on the pedregal 
in the Valley of Mexico. 

The corollas on H_. E^ Moore 162$ are said to have been "light- 
blue" in color when fresh, while those on no. 309U were "lavender". 

Material of V. menthaefolia has been misidentified and dis- 
tributed in some herbaria as V. gracilis Desf , 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Durango: Karcks & Marcks 12UU 
(Ws). Hidalgo: H. E. Moore 162$ (Ba), 309li (Ba) . Mexico: Pringle 
8$3I^ (Pd) . Michoacin: Hinton & al. 11991 (Tu— 98813) . 

VERBENA MICROPHILLA H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Schau., Linnaea 20: ii77. I81i7j R. C. 
Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. 18U: 171. 19$8j Anon., Biol. Abstr. $k 
(7): B. A. S. I. C. S.280. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 218, 233, 
& 2U3. 1972. 

The photograph in the L. H. Bailey Rortorium herbarium, cited 
below, is of sheet 119000$ in the United States National Herbariiom 
in Washington. 

The Vervoorst 3197, distributed as V. microphylla , is actually 
V, parodii (Covas & Schnack) Moldenke, while Soejarto & Hernandez 
1339 is Hierobotana inflata (H.B.K.) Briq. 

Additional citations: PERU: Cuzco: Herrera s.n. {Cuzco, July 
1923] (Ba — photo). Province undetermined: MacLean s.n. (Pd) . 
BOLIVIA: U Paz: Rea C. 39 (W— 263$7l|8) . 

VERBENA MINUTI FLORA Briq. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeog. 
S. Paulo, ed. 1, 8U0 & xix, map 139$. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 
23: 370. 1972. 

The Angely (1971) reference in the bibliography above was previ- 
ously erroneously cited by me as "1970", the title-page date, but 
the work was not actually published until 1971. 

Recent collectors have encoiintered this plant in moist places, 
"brejo" associations, roadsides on campos, and pastures near arti- 
ficial lakes, describing it as a shrub 1 — 1.7 m. tall. Hatschbach 
refers to it as "common". In addition to the months previously re- 
ported by me, it has been collected in anthesis in April, September, 
and November. The corollas are descidbed as having been "lilac" in 
color when fresh on Hatschbach 2^209, 2$327, 2$739, 27062 , & 307UO 
and "puanple" on Lindeman & Haas 3692 . 

Material of V^ minutiflora has been misidentified and distributed 
in some herbaria as V. sagittalis Cham. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Hatschbach 2U209 (N), 
2$327 (N), 2$739 (Ld), 27062 (Ld), 307UO (Ld) . Rio Grande do Sul: 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 257 

Llndeman •^ Haas 3692 (N) . 

xVERBENA l^OECKINA. Moldenke 

Additional synonymy: Verbena simplex x stricta Ahles ex Kohlen- 
brock .^ Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 23?. 197U. 

Additional bibliography: Rydb., Fl. Prairies «c Plains, pr. 1, 
678. 1932; Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955; Eilers, Univ. Iowa 
Stud. Nat. Hist. 21: 61 & 123. 1971; Rydb., Fl. Prairies h Plains, 
pr. 2 2: 678. 1971; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 370 & U37 (1972) 
and 28: 109. 197ii; Mohlenbrock & Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 286, 287, 
& 389. I97I1. 

Eilors (1971) records this hybrid as rare on sandy alluvial 
flats in Blackhawk and Johnson Counties, Iowa. He cites from the 
former county two collections by Shimek and from the latter Adams 
s.n. and Thorne 17398 , all deposited in the herbarium of the Uni- 
varsity of Iowa. Bi^aun found the plant growing on limestone- 
gravelly prairies, flowering and fruiting in July. Her collection, 
cited below, is a mixture with typical V^ simplex Lehm, llohlen- 
brock & Voigt (197li) record the hybrid from h'ardin County, Illinois. 

Additional citations: ILLINOIS: Stony Island: E. L . Braim s.n. 
[VII-22-12] (W— 2712369). 

VERBENA MONACENSIS Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 371. 1972. 

Sivarajan asserts that this plant is cultivated at Calicut, 
Kerala, India, in shade of "deep-blue to white, all shades avail- 
able". Lly wife and I have seen it in cultivation in private 
gardens and public parks in Delhi, India, and in various places 
in Ceylon. 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: India: Sivarajan 1583 (Z) . 

VERBENA MONTEVIDENSIS Spreng. 

Additional bibliography: Reitz, Sellcrwia 22: lii5. 1970; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 371—372 (1972), 25: 2hh (1973), and 28: 110. 197U. 

Recent collectors refer to this plant as a shrub, 1 — 3 m. tall, 
almost leafless, and have encountered it in the "brejo" association 
and in the interior of woodlands, fruiting (in addition to the 
months previously recorded by me) in October. The corollas are 
said to have been "violet" in color when fresh on Hatschbach 28U6U 
and Pire & Mroginski 152 , but "purple (5 P 5/8)" on Lindenan & 
Haas 3010 . 

The Hatschbach 2U2Q9 and Llndeman & Haas 3692, distributed as 
V. montevidensis , are actually V. minuti flora Briq. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 28U6U (Ld); 
Lindeman & Haas 3010 (N) . Rio Grande do Sul: Rambo U9723 (El— 
6U8hl). ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Quarln & Schinini IO88 (Ld). Misi- 
ones: Fire & Vxoginski 152 (Ld). 

VERBENA MORICOLOR Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod, Math. PI. Tax. 



258 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

87—89. 1968; Koldenke, Phytologia 23: 372—373 & U27 (1972) and 
2U: 36 & 38. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reports that the normal pollen fertility in 
this species is 97 percent. 

VERBEM MOraCOLOR Moldenke x V. PERIATiAM (L.) Britton 

Synonymy: Glandularia morlcolor x pemviana Solbrig in Heywood, 
Mod. tieth. PI. Tax. 87. 1968. 

Bibliography: Solbrig in Keywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 87 & 89. 
1968 i Moldenke, Fifth Summ. 2: 917 & 970. 1971} Moldenke, Phytolo- 
gia 23: 372—373 (1972) and 21^: 38. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reports that the hybrid of Wj^ moricolor with V. 
peruviana has a pollen fertility of 81 percent, while the reverse 
cross of V. peruviana with V. moricolor has a pollen fertility of 
only 56 percent. These hybrids are as yet without binomial desig- 
nation and had best remain so until herbarium vouchers confirm 
the actual parentage . They may yet be found wild in South America 
where the ranges of the parental species overlap. It is to be 
hoped that authentic herbarium vouchers and photographs of the 
artificially produced hybrids will soon be available for study and 
for comparison with the many perplexing "intermediate" herbarium 
specimens now deposited in various herbaria, 

VERBEN4 NANA Moldenke 

Additional & emended bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fitogeo- 
gr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k'- 81^0 & xix, map 1395. 1971} Moldenke, Phyto- 
logia 23: 373. 1972. 

VERBEM NEOMEXICANA (A. Gray) Small 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. I9J4IJ Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. 
Ariz. Fl. 112 [thesis], 1951} Mahler, Keys Vase. PI. Black Gap, 
ed. 3, 70. 1971} Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 373—376 (1972) and 21;: 
k$ &i ^h. 1972. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing on Acacia flats, 
while Moran states that it is "locally common on open upper slopes" 
in Baja California. In addition to the months previously reported 
by me in this series of notes, it has been collected in fruit in 
May. The corollas are said to have been "light-blue, paler in the 
center" on Moran 17658. 

The Johnson & Webster 566, distributed as V. neomexlcana , is ac- 
tually V, canescens H.B.K., Taylor & Taylor 6230 is V. halei Small, 
?iOoton & Standi ey 3651 is V, macdougalii Heller, Goodding 90-50 and 
Perry , Lehto, Hensel , & Pinkava 11033 are V. neomexicana var. aylo - 
poda Perry, and A. Ruth 1289 is V. plicata Greene. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Baja California: Moran 17658 (Ld) . 
Chihuahua: Weber & Charette II66O (Bl— 176213) . 

VERBENA NEOMEXICANA var. HIRTELLA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 



197k Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 259 

ber. 60 (2): $75. 19Uli Mahler, Keys Vase. PI. Black Gap, ed. 3, 
70. 1971; Uoldenke, PJiytologia 23: 37U— 375 (1972) and 2U: 257. 
1972. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Dxirango: t:atuda 38515 (Ac), 36516 
(Ac), 38521; (Ac). 

VERBENA NEOliEXICANA var. XYLOPODA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575- 19ul; Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. 
Ariz. Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 37li--376 
(1972) and 21;: U5 & 257. 1972. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant on overgrazed 
land, on rocky outcrops with Fouquieria on hillsides, and in lime- 
stone soil in Larrea-mes quite communities. The Moran 17658 , dis- 
tributed as this variety, is actually typical V. neomexicana (A. 
Gray) Small. 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Presidio Co.: L. C. Higgins 5070 
(N). ARIZOHA: Cochise Co.: Goodding 90-50 (Bl~103li09) . Pinal 
Co.: Lehto, Hensel, & Pinkava 11033 (N) ; Neff s.n. [Oracle, 27-V- 
73] (Rm) . Santa Cruz Co.: Neff s.n. [Gardner Canyon, 2-VI-1973] 
(Rm); Pringle s.n. [Santa Rita Mtns., Kay 11, 1831;] (Mi). 

VERBENA OFFICINAnS L. 

Einended synonymy: Verbenaca recta Fuchs, Hist. Plant. Basil. 

591. 15U2. Verbenaca recta sive mas Fuchs, Hist. Plant. Basil. 

592. I5li2. Verbena oTfinalis Cham, ex Angely, Fl. Anal. L Fito- 
geogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, k- 839, sphalm. 1971. 

Additional & emended bibliography: F\ichs, Hist. Plant. Basil. 
591—593. I51i2; Chomel, Abr«g. Hist. PI. Usuel., ed. 2, vol. 1—3. 
1761; Raeusch., Nom. Bot., ed. 3, 3. 1797; S. Dickensen in S. Shaw, 
Hist. & Antiq. Stafford. 1: 97—115. 1798; Desf ., Tabl. ^ol. Bot., 
ed. 1, 55. I80li; valid., Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 635. 1809; Desf., 
Tabl. Ecol. Bot., ed. 2, 66. I8l5; S. Ell., Sketch, pr. 1 & 2, 2: 
97 (1821) and 2: 7li3. 1821;; J. Torr., Compend. Fl. 238. 1826; 
Bischoff, Grundr. Med. Bot. 18 & 305. 1831; W. Baxt., Brit. Phae- 
nog. Bot.. ed. 2, 1: pi. 26. I83ii; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 
328 (I8ii0) and ed. 2, 328. 18U9; Meddygon iiyddfai, Phys. Myed. 
[transl. Pughe & Ithel.] . 1861; Hook, f.. Stud. Fl. Brit. Isls., 
ed. 1, 296 & 503. 1870; Scotti, Fl. Med. Prov. Como. 1872; Gibert, 
Enum. PI. Montevid. Ii3. 1873; Hook, f.. Stud. Fl. Brit. Isls., ed. 
2, 311—312 & 538. 1878; H. Mttll., Nature 2U: 307 & 308. I88I; H. 
mill, [transl. D»A. Thompson], Fertiliz. Fls . U69. I883; Hook, f., 
Stud. Fl. Brit. Isls., ed. 3, 313 & 562. I88U; Le Grand, Fl. Anal, 
Berry 72 & 212. 1887; J. L. Bennett, Fl. Rhode Isl. 30. 1388; Mar- 
cellus Qnpiricus [ed. Helmreich] , Marcel. Medic. 1889; Dymock, 
Warden, & Hooper, Pharm. Ind., vol. 1—3. 1890—1893; Gentil, In- 
vent. G6n. PI. Vase. Sarthe 202. 1392— lo?U; C Bicknell, Fl. Bord. 
& San Remo 218. I896; Hildegard, Phys. Heil. Hild. I89t>— 1897; 
Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 3 (2): 257. I898; J. G. Baker in Thiselt.- 
Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 286. I9OO; Baereeke, Anal. Key Ferns & Flow. 



260 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

PI. Atl. Sect. Middl. Fla. llU. 1906; B. Fedtsch. in 0. A. & B. A. 
Fedtsch., Consp. Fl. Turiceat. 5: 121—122. 1913; Beals, Flow. 
Lore & Leg. 165--171. 1917; Schnarf, CJsterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 72: 
2Li2— 2U5. 1923; Mentz & Ostenfeld, Billed. Nord. Fl. h: ^0— 51, 
fig. U. 192U; Cluta, Am, Botanist 33: 112. 1927; Bouloiimoy, Fl. 
Liban 2t Syr. Atl. pi. 320, fig. 3. 1930; Grieve & Leyel, Modern 
Herb., pr. 1, 2: 830—331. 1931; Kubota & Okanishi, Fol. Pharm. 
Sin. 1931; K. V/oodward, Leaves Gerard's Herb., pr. 1, 231 — 232. 
1931; KrSusel in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 51 (1): 6i;3 [351. 1932; 
Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 1, 677 & 967. 1932; "^yangerin in 
Just, Bot. Jahresber. Sh {!)'■ 1171 [367]. 1932; Fedde in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber. 5l (2): 382. 1933; Freise, Bol. Agric. SSo Paulo 
3h'' 252— U9U. 1933; Ishidoya, Chin. Drog., vol. i— 3. 1933—1937; 
Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 55 (1): 33lj.. 1935; Gathorne- 
Ilardy, 'iVild Fls. Brit. 22 & 120. 19 3S; I..arsell in Just, 3ot. Jah- 
resber. 53 (1): 198 [U] . 1938; V/angerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 
58 (1): 31i5 [275]. 1938; A. H. 3vans Fl. Gambridg. 129. 1939; 
Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 58 (2): 668. 1939; Kanjilal, Uas, 
Kanijalal, k He, Fl. Assam 3: U62 & 561. 1939; R. E. Clarkson, 
Green Enchantment 269 & 328. I9UO; Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. 
Jahresber. 60 (2): 575. 19U0; Biswas, I^jdian Forest Rec, ser. 2, 
Bot. 3: U2. I9UI; Hemdndez, Hist. PI. Nuev. Espafi. 19U2— 19ii6; 
M. G. Palmer, Faun. & Fl. Ilfracombe Dist. 212. 19l;6; Harz, Enum. 
Sperm. Jap., pr. 1, 1: 190. 19U8; Kroeber, Neuzeit. KrSuterb., 
vol. 2-3. 19U9: E. G. L6pez, Recurs. Med. Biol. 262. 19U9; Parsa, 
Fl. Iran, h (1): 537—538, fig. 253. 19U9; Batalla & Masclans, 
Collect. Bot, 2: 39ii. 1950; Chou, Pen-ts'ao Yung Fa Yen Ghiu [Res. 
Use Herbs]. 1951} Kariyone k Kimura, Wa-ken-Yaku-yp Shokubutsu 
[Jap. ^i Chin. Herb. Med.]. 1952; P^telot, PI. M6d. Camb. Laos & 
Vietn. [Arch. R^ch. Agr. k Pastor. Vi^t-Nan. lU, 18, 22, & 23], 
vol. 1— U. 1952-1951; Bol6s & Masclans, Collect. Bot. U: li32. 
1955; Ikuse, Pollen Grains Jap. 128. 1956; R. C. Foster, Contrib. 
Gray Herb. I8I1: 171. 1958; Manfred, Siete Mil Recet. Bot. 1958; 
Bullock, Taxon 8: 20U. 1959; Brenan in Jaeger, Wonderf. Life Fla. 
12U. I96I; Fournier, Quat. Fl. France 306 & 807, fig. 3352. 1961; 
Irwin & '.Tills, Roadside Fls. Tex. 190. I96I; Nair & Rehman, Bull. 
Nat, Bot. Card. Lucknow 76: 3—5, text fig. 3. 1962; Erdtman, 
Berglund, & Praglowski, Introd. Scand. Pollen Fl. 2: U9 & 89. 
1963; Fourcroy, Atlas Recon. Dir. PI. Comm., ed. 2, pi. l58 [inf.], 
1963; Malik, Rehman, & Ahmad, Palist. Journ. Sci. Industr. Res. 
7: I3I; & 136, pi. U, fig. 31. I96I;; Perring, Sell, & Walters, Fl, 
Cambridg. 179. 196Uj Httni, Hiltebrand, Schmid, GrOger, Johne, & 
Mothes, Experimentia 22: 656. I966; Grieve & Leyel, Modem Herb., 
pr. 3, 2: 83O— 831. 1967; Deb, Sengupta, & Malick, Bull. Bot. Soc. 
Beng. 22: 210. I968; Gunawardena, Gen. & Sp. PI. Zeyl. ll;7. 1968; 
Vigo, Collect. Bot. 7: 1180. I968; Misra, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 
11: 327. 1969; N, P. Singh, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 11: 16 & 357. 
1969; M. Woodward, Leaves Gerard's Herb., pr. 2, 231—232. 1969; 
Drar, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 3: HI. 1970; Saxena, Bull. Bot. 
Surv, India 12: 56. 1970; Willaman & Li, Lloydia 33, Suppl. 3a: 
220. I97O; Abbayes, Claustres, Corillion, & Dupont, Fl. & Veg. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 261 

Massif Armoric. 1: 662. 1971; Angely, Fl. Anal. 4 Fitogeogr. S. 
Paulo, ed. 1, h- 825, 839, "^ xlx. 1971j S. Ell., Sketch, pr. 3, 2: 
97 & 7U3. 1971; Ferrarini, Giom. Bot. Ital. 10^: 2^9. 1971; Hart- 
woll, Lloydia }k' 387. 1971; Hult4n, Atlas Vaxt. Utbred. Nord. 
379, map lli7U. 1971; Inouye in Wagner c5c HOrnhammer, Phannacoc. ^ 
Phytochem. 291 <Sc 298. 1971; I'Diattab L El-Hadidi, Publ. Cairo Univ. 
Herb. I4: 93. 1971; Lousley, Fl. Isls. SciUy 230. ±971; llenchini, 
Giom. Bot. Ital. 10^: 333. 1971; Polunin, Pflanz. Europ. 277, 513, 
&L 539. 1971; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677 & 967. 
1971 ; Sipple, Bartonia Ul: 35. 1971; Tanmaro, Giom. Bot. Ital. 
105: 77. I97I; Abba, Infonn. Bot. Ital. h'- 39. 1972; Amaral Franco 
in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3- 123. 1972; Beadle, Evans, Carolin, & 
Tindale, Fl. Sydney Reg., ed. 2, 507. 1972; R. E. Clarkson, Golden 
Age Herbs 269 & 328. 1972; R. E. Clarkson, Herbs & Sav. Seeds 212. 
1972; Edees, Fl. Staffordsh. 133. 1972; Encke t Buchheim in Zander, 
HandirtJrterb . Pflanzennara., ed. 10, 520 & 51il. 1972; Famsworth, 
Pharmacog. Titles 7 (U): xxv & 222 (1972), 7 (10): xvi (1972), and 
8 (9): xiii & 635. 1972; Fong & al., Lloydia 35 : m7. 1972; 
Hara, Enura. Sperm. Jap., pr. 2, 1: 190. 1972; Huang, Pollen Fl. 
Taiwan 2lili, pi. 163, fig. 6 & 7. 1972; Inouye & al., Chem. Pharm. 
Bull. 20: 1287—1296. 1972; Kunkel, Cuad. Bot. Canar. 16: 38. 
1972; Kunkel, Monog. Biol. Canar. 3'- 62. 1972; Rouleau, Taxon In- 
dex Vol. 1—20, part 1: 379. 1972; R. R, Stewart in Nasir & All, 
Fl. West Pakist. 6O8. 1972; Trease & Evans, Pharmacog., ed. 10, 
561i. 1972; Tutin in Tutin «c al., Fl. Eur. 3'- 369. 1972; Urbschat, 
Mitteil. Arbeitsgemelnsch. florist. Schlesw. -Hoist. 20: 135 & 250, 
map 2372. 1972; Whipple, Journ. Elish. Mitch. Sci. Soc . 83: 7. 
1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 217, 219, 229—231, 2la, & 2U8 
(1972) and 25: 231—235 & 2hh. 1973; Anon., Biol. Abstr. 55 (10): 
B. A. S. I. C. S.27O (1973) and 56 (3): B. A. S. I. C. S.280. 1973; 
Anon., Hort. Bot. Univ. Monaster. Ind. San. 1972/1973: 709. 1973; 
Farnsworth, Pharmacog. Titles 6, Cum. Gen. Ind. [121] (1973) and 
8 (6): X & i;79. 1973; Fenarol, V/ebbla 28: 356 & lilO. 1973; Frohne 
fie Jensen, System. Pflanzenr. 203 & 261. 1973; Jacobsen, Kirkia 9 
(1): 172. 1973; L. P. Mill., Phortochem. 1: 329, 362, 393, ^ UlO. 
1973; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 56: 12U6. 1973; Rimpler & Schafer, 
Tetrahed. Let. 17: 11^63- IU6I;. 1973; Takematsu, Konnai, & Take- 
uchi. Bull. Coll. Agr. Utsun. Univ. 3 (3): 16U. 1973; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 28: 211, 216, & 220. 197U. 

Additional & emended illustrations: Fuchs, Hist. Plant. Basil. 
593 (in color). 15U2; W. Baxt., Brit. Phaenog. Bot., ed. 2 1: pi. 
26 (in color). I83U; Mentz & Ostenfeld, Billed. Nord. Fl. l: 51, 
fig. U. I92U; Parsa, Fl. Iran U (1): 538, fig. 253. 19U9; Fournier, 
Quat. Fl. France 807, fig. 3352. 1961; Nair & Rehman, Bull. Nat. 
Bot. Card. Lucknow 76: 3, text fig. 3. 1962; Fourcroy, Atlas Recon. 
Dir. PI. Ccmm., ed. 2, pi. 158 [inf.], 1963: Malik Rehman, & Ah- 
mad, Pakist. Journ. Sci. Indust. Res. 7: 13U, pl. U, fig. 31. 196U; 
Huang, Pollen Fl. Taiwan pl. 163, fig. 6 & 7. 1972. 

It is of interest to note the disagreement of authors about the 
longevity of this plant. Raeuschel (1797) and Datta & Majumdar 
(1966), for instance, categorically classify it as an annual. Pat- 



262 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

zat & Rechinger (1967), on the other hand, describe it definitely 
as a perennial. Probably it varies depending on local climate 
and other ecologic conditions . Abedin 2735 is actually described 
on its label as a "shrub" . 

The corollas are described as "violet" in color by LeGrand 
(1887), "lavender-rose" on Koelz 132lt6 , "bright-lavender" on Fos- 
berg 37559 , "lavender" on Fosberg 372Ut & 38169, "rose-purple" on 
Fosberg 3837li , "purple" on Farooqi & Qaiser 2769, 2797 , & 3U21 , 
Fosberg 38613 , and Qureshi 263, "blue" on Brydolf s.n. [2U/5/1972], 
Farooqi 11;, Qaiser & Ghafoor 1659, and J_. M. Wood U73 , "bluish" 
on Abedin 2735 & 7522, "bluish-white" on Qaiser & Ghafoor I67U , 
"pink" on Abedin 77UO and Qaiser 259 , "light pinkish-purple" on 
Qaiser & Ghafoor U892 , and "pinkish-y/hite" on Qaiser & Ghafoor 

1851 . 

Huang (1972) describes the pollen of V^ officinalis as having 
"Grains 3 ( — U)-colporate} suboblate to oblate-spheroidal j 26-33 
X 29 — 38 jJ i amb subangvilar; colpi 23 — 2U x 3 Hi exine 2 \J thickj 
tectum psilatej sexine finely reticulate, ivith OL-patternj nexine 
as thick as sexine." This description is based on material taken 
from Sasaki s.n. [Taipei, July 1921] and Huang 2126 . He provides 
illustrations. Brenan (I96I) informs us that the period when a- 
bundant pollen is shed is from 7 — 11:30 ajn.j small quantities of 
pollen are still present until 2 p.m. LtJve (l971) reports the 
chromosome count as: 2n = lii, based on Murin & Sheikh s.n. from a 
canal bank at Kadhimiya, Iraq. 

The supposed hybrid of V^ officinalis with Veronica maritima 
L., described and illustrated by Haartman in 1751 and later tenta- 
tively named xYeronicena haartmanl by me, is probably nothing more 
than a specimen of what Linnaeus named Veronica spuria in 1753, 
byct a search ovight to be instituted for any specimens so named a- 
mong Linnean material in Sweden or England. 

Parsa (19ii9) cites Darlington 1726, Lindsay 1026 , Stapf s.n. , 
and numerous of his own collections from Iraq. DeMirl & Gillet 
(1956) record the species from the Niger Republic; Rainha found 
it growing in wet ground in Portugal. Beadle and his associates 
(1972) describe it as "widespread" in the Sydney, Australia, 
region, the corollas there "pink to lilac" in color. Urbschat 
(1972) records it from Schleswig-Holstein, but comments that it 
has not been found there anymore in recent years. Similarly, in 
Staff orshire, England, Edees (1972) reports that it is found in 

"Waste places about villages rare now, formerly 'unfrequent'". 

Kunkel (1972) fotind it on Lanzarote island in the Canaries. Polu- 
nin (1971) gives its general distribution as "Schutt, WegrSfnder, 
Ufer. Juni-Oktober . Ganz Europa (ausser IS. [Iceland]): einge- 
btlrgert IRL. N. SF [Ireland, Norway, Finland]" — interestingly 
he here seems to regard it as native in Sweden, while in his I969 
work he regards it as introduced there ( as in Norway) . Also, he 
here says "all of Europe", while in I969 he said "Much of Europe". 

Lousley (1971) records it from Saint Mary's and Tresco islands 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 263 

in the Scilly Islands group and cites Vdllett 18$2 , commenting 
that it is "rare on roadsides and waste places" there. Ferrarlni 
(1971) round it on Palmaria Island in cultivated land ana in areas 
of abandoned cultivation, 

Jacobsen (1973) says that in Rhodesia it is occasional "In 
grassland and scrub, escape from earlier cultivation?" The Col - 
lector undetermined s .n. specimen, cited below as having been cul- 
tivated in India, is said to have been grown there from seed se- 
cured in Nepal. Kanjilal and his associates (1939) record it 
from an altitude of 5000 feet in the Khasa Hills of Assam, where, 
they say, it flowers in the rainy season and fruits in the cold 
season. In an apparent reference to x7. hybrida Voss, they comment 
that "Mar^y Verbenas are beautiful garden plants". Fenaroli (1973) 
describes its habitat as "Geoel. evirasico. Gramineti e incolti" 
and cites collections by B^guinot (1902), Fenaroli (1959), Gussone 
(1823), and Rabenhorst (I8ii7). 

From India, Saxena (1970) reports it "Rare in open places" in 
Madhya Pradesh, citing Indorkar 1111^6 , while Singh (I969) foxind it 
to be "Frequent, alonf; the sides of sugarcane and paddy fields" 
and "Near water", citing Eot. Surv. India I96UO, 25510 , 27iil5 , 
31337 , Sc 31639. Datta L Lajumdar (I966) found it in waste places 
in Bengal, flowering from L'arch to June. Misra (I969) founa it 
growing "In waste places, sides of walls". In Bihar the Banerjees 
(1969) encountered it in open land, including roadsides and waste 
places. Deb and his associates (1968) describe it as an "Erect 
herb with violet flowers, occurring in open situations, citing Deb 
329 and Sengupta 1271 . 1275 , * 1278 . 

Bicknell (I896) reports it as verj' abundant in grassy places in 
western Liguria, flowering there throughout the summer. Koelz 
found it on the borders of fields in Afghanistan. Vigo (1968) says 
that it grows in the "Loto-j\incetum acutiflori" association, while 
Bol6s & i^asclans (1955) found it to be part of the "Paspalo-Agros- 
tidion" association in Spain. Grieve (^967) gives its general dis- 
tribution as "Europe, Barbary, China, Cochin-China, Japan". Raeus- 
chel (1797) accredits the synonymous V. spuria to "Canada". 

Fosberg found V. o fficinalis "coTjnon along paths or broken cul- 
tivated land with rough limestone outcrops, rock piles, and stone 
walls" on Taketomi island in the Ryukyus. On other islands of the 
same archipelago he found it to be common on roadsides in cultiva- 
ted land, at the edges of cultivated fields near the edge of a nar- 
row mangrove belt, occasional on weedy roadsides and waste places, 
and in cultivated ground in general. Perring, Sell, & Walters 
(I96I1) describe it as occasional throughout the county of Cambridge- 
shire, England, on roadsides and in grassj"" and waste places; also in 
Wales, Ireland, and Fife in Scotland. They assert that it was first 
reported from Cambridgeshire by Ray in 1660, Bvans (1939) asserts 
that in Cambridgeshire it occurs "on drj' roadsides and waste ground 
on all soils, even in peat districts, never common". 

Drar (1970) cites his nos. I667 . 2032, & 239U frrai the Sudan, 
while Khattab k El-IIadidi (1971; cite their no. 33h from Yemen and 



26U PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

nos. UhS & 1$1$ from Hedjaz, Arabia. The Sudan specimens were 
collected along roadsides and. in a wadi, wliile the Dadjaz ones 
came from sandy canal banks. Tammaro (1971) records the plant 
from Palmaria Island in the Gulf of Spezia islands of Italy. L6pez 
(19U9) cites his nos. 1702 & 1703 from eastern Guinea, where he 
found the species to be very coiamon "Vive en los taludea, caminos, 
escombrosj planta ruderal. Sube a los 1.^00 m.s.n," He gives 
its overall distribution as "Europa, Africa del Norte, Asia Cen- 
tral y Septentrional y ademds difundida por casi toda la super- 
ficie terrestrej su llmite septentrional en Europa pasa por las 
Islas Eritinicas (Northumberland), Dinamarca, Schonen, Kownoj en 
Africa tiene su llmite meridional en las Islas de Gabo Verde y 
Abisinia; ademds de Africa del Sur, en la India, Australia, Nueva 
Zelanda, Polinesia, Indias Occidentales, America del Norte y del 
Sur." 

Baker (1900) cites Hildebrandt hh$ , Schweinfurth & Riva 1116 , 
and Steudner I30U from Eritrea, Quar tin-Dillon s.n. , Rohlfs & 
Steker s.n. , and Schimper 7 & 281; from Ethiopia, Scott-Elliot 
7300 frcm Kerya, R^voil s -n. from Somalia, Cienkowsky s.n. from 
Sudan, and two Gttrke records from Tanganyika. He gives the spe- 
cies' distribution as "Spread through the north temperate zone in 
the Old "iVorld, and extending to South Africaj introduced into Ameri- 
ca." Stewart (1972) says that in Pakistan it is "A common weed 
throughout our range, sometimes ascending to c. 3000'. Baluch., 
N. Yfazir., lUF? , Pb., Haz., Lower Swat, Kashmir, etc." Takematsu 
and his associates (1973) toll us that in Japan the plant is known 
as "kuraatuzura" and that it is a "weed" in the U. S. S. R. 

Paxton (l8i|0) calls both V_^ officinalis and V. spuria "worth- 
less" from the horticultural standpoint. Additional common names 
(in addition to the very numerous ones previously recorded by me) 
are "ayauhxochitl", "berberina", "chichiantic", "erba croce", 
"herba verbena", "kumatsuzura" , "laenge-jernurt", "ma pien ts'ao", 
"seona-se-seholo", "verbena oficinal", "vervaine officinale", 
"wild verbena", and "yaena". The "Procumbent Vervain" of Torrey 
(l8i;3) probably refers to V. officinalis var. prostrata Gren. & 
Godr, 

In regard to the chemical and pharmaceutical properties of V. 
officinalis much has recentlj^ been published. Trease & Evans 
(1972) say " Verbena officinalis , the Herba Verbenae of many phar- 
macopoeias. This plant contains a hormone-like substance, verben- 
alin, with strong parasympathetic action," Kliller (1973) notes 
"verbenalin (XVIII), the glucoside of verbenalol, occurs in all 
parts of Verbena officinalis L.j the inflorescences are especially 
rich in the glucoside". Bischoff (18 31) notes that "Die Blatter 
(Herba Verbenae) sind geruchlos, von einem schwachen, herben und 
bitterlichen Geschmackem sie waren frtlher als ein Art Universal- 
mittel gegen eine Menge von Krankheiten ira Ruse und man schrien 
ihnen wunderbare KrSfte zu. Jetzt sind sie hWchstens noch zuweilen 
als ausserliches, erweichendes Volksmittel ira Gebrauche." 

[to be continued] 



NEW SPECIES OF PARMELIA (LICHENS) FROM TROPICAL AMERICA 1. 
Mason E. Hale, Jr. 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 

Parmelia boquetensis Hale, sp. nov. 



Thai 1 us corticola, adnatus ad ramos, 8-12 cm latus, cinereo- 
albidus, lobis subirregularibus, margine lobulascentibus, 3-4 mm 
latis, isidiis sorediisque destitutis; cortex superior 13-1^ 
crassus, stratum gonidiale 16-18p crassum, medulla alba, 100|j 
crassa, cortex inferior 14;i crassus; subtus niger, sparse vel modice 
rhizinosus, rhizinis sparse dichotome ramosis. Apothecia numerosa, 
adnata, 2-3 mm diametro, disco imperforato, hymenio 45-50u alto, 
sporis 8, simplicibus, 6 X 12p (Fig. 1). 

Chemistry: Atranorin and salazinic acid. 

Holotype: Panama. Scrub trees in dry pasture near Boquete, 
Chiriquf, elev. about 1500 m, M.E. Hale 38878, 1 April 1973 (US). 

Additional specimens examined. Panama. 3 km south of Volcan, 
Chiriquf, Hale 38811, 38831, 38902 (US); Boquete, Chiriquf, Hale 
38848 (US). 

This species at first glance resembles P^. sublaevigata (Nyl.) 
Nyl . , which contains norstictic acid in addition to salazinic acid 
and has crowded shorter lobes and often a dull pruinose surface. 
This and all following species belong to subgenus Parmel ia section 
Hypotrachyna . 

Parmelia contradicta Hale, sp. nov. 



Thallus saxicola, laxe adnatus, coriaceus, cinereo-albus, 
6-8 cm latus, lobis linearibus, 1-2 mm latis, dichotome ramosis, 
isidiis sorediisque destitutis; superne planus, nitidus; cortex 
superior 18-20^i crassus, stratum gonidiale 22-2au crassum, medulla 
alba, 130-150U crassa, cortex inferior 14-18^i crassus; subtus niger, 
sparse rhizinosus, rhizinis sparse dichotome ramosis. Apothecia 
numerosa, adnata, 2-4 diametro, disco imperforato, hymenio 40-45p 

265 



266 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. 3 

alto, sporis 8, simpl icibus, 4 X 6;j (Fig. 2). 

Chemistry: Atranorin and protocetraric acid. 

Holotype: Brazil. Serra dos Orgaos National Park, Terezopolis, 
Rio de Janeiro, W. Watson 521, 5 September 1950 (BM; US, isotype). 

Additional specimen examined. Brazil. Lajes, Morro do Pinheiro 
Seco, Santa Catarina, Reitz & Klein 15719a (US). 

This species is closely related to P^. brasil iana Nyl . , another 
much more common saxicolous species in southeastern Brazil . It differs 
chiefly in having atranorin instead of 1 ichexanthone in the cortex. 

Parmelia eitenii Hale, sp. nov. 



Thallus saxicola, laxe adnatus, rumpens, ca. 6 cm latus, 
cinereo-albidus, lobis linearibus, elongatis, 2-3 mm latis, dichotome 
ramosis, isidiis sorediisque destitutis; cortex superior 18-22ju 
crassus, stratum gonidiale 20-24iu crassum, medulla alba, 80-lOOw 
crassa, cortex inferior 14-16ju crassus; subtus nigricans, sparse 
vel modice rhizinosus, rhizinis longis, dichotome ramosis. Apothecia 
adnata, 3-4 mm diametro, disco imperforato, hymenio 45-50ju alto, 
sporis 8; simplicibus, 5 X 7-8ti (Fig. 3). 

Chemistry: Atranorin, 1 ichexanthone, and anziaic acid. 

Holotype: Brazil. Serra dos Orgaos National Park, Rio de 
Janeiro, G. & L. Eiten 7125, 22 April 1966 (US). 

This species is also part of the P^. brasil iana complex so 
richly developed in Brazil. It differs principally in the unusual 
chemical constituents, anziaic acid instead of protocetraric. P^. 
eitenii also seems to be more fragile than P^. brasil iana . 

Parmelia osorioi Hale, sp. nov. 

Thallus saxicola, fragilis, ca. 8 cm diametro, cinereo- vel 
pallide castaneo-al bidus, lobis subl inearibus, 1.5-2 mm latis, 
crasse isidiatis, isidiis simplicibus vel ramosis, fere pustulatis; 
cortex superior 14-16ti crassus, stratum gonidiale 12-14iJ crassum, 
medulla alba, 65-75ju crassa, cortex inferior 16-1^ crassus; subtus 
niger, modice rhizinosus, rhizinis dichotome ramosis. Apothecia 
ignota (Fig. 4). 

Chemistry: Atranorin and gyrophoric acid. 

Holotype: Uruguay. On stones in forest, Abra de Cotto, Laval leja 
H.S. Osorio 6507, 12 October 1969 (MVM; isotype in US). 



197U Hale, New species of Parmella 267 

Additional specimen examined. Uruguay. Santa Teresa, Rocha, 
Hosseus 48 (H). 

£. osorioi has very unusual isidia, simple to nearly coralloid 
and very large and more or less breaking down apical ly. It is 
known only from Uruguay and has no close relatives. 

Parmelia protoboliviana Hale, sp. nov. 



Thai! us corticola, adnatus, fragilis, ca. 8 cm diametro, pallide 
cinereo-flavicans, lobis sub! inearibus, 4-5 mm latis, isidiis sorediisque 
destitutis; superne planus, nitidus; cortex superior 14-16xj crassus, 
stratum gonidiale 16-20ju crassum, medulla alba, 85-lOOju crassa, 
cortex inferior 14;u crassus; subtus niger, dense rhizinosus, rhizinis 
dichotome ramosis. Apothecia male evoluta, adnata, 1 mm diametro, 
sporis non evolutis (Fig. 5). 

Chemistry: Usnic acid, barbatic acid, obtusatic acid, norob- 
tusatic acid, and 4-0-demethyl barbatic acid. 

Holotype: Costa Rica, Volcan Irazu, Cartago, D. Flenniken 
1874 (US). 

Additional specimen examined. Costa Rica, Same locality as 
the holotype, Flenniken 2358, 10 July 1969 (US). 

All species previously known that contain the barbatic acid 
complex (cf. C. F. Culberson and M. E. Hale, Brittonia 25:162-173. 
1973) have colorless atronorin in the cortex. This species produces 
usnic acid, giving the plants a distinct yellow-green color. Other- 
wise it is closely related to the broad lobed corticolous population 
of P^. physcioides Nyl . (=£. boliviana Nyl . ) . 

Parmelia singularis Hale, sp. nov. 



Thai 1 us corticola, subcoriaceus, ca. 8 cm diametro, cinereo-albus, 
lobis subirregularibus vel subl inearibus, 3-5 mm latis, margine 
lobulatis, lobulis usque ad 1 mm longis, angustis; superne planus, 
nitidus, isidiis sorediisque desti tutus; cortex superior 18w crassus, 
stratum gonidiale 12-15xi crassum, medulla alba, 40-45ju crassa, cortex 
inferior 18;i crassus; subtus niger, dense rhizinosus, rhizinis dense 
dichotome ramosis. Apothecia numerosa, adnata, ad 5 mm diametro, 
disco imperforato, hymenio 45-50^i alto, sporis 8, simplicibus, 6 X 
10-12JU (Fig. 6). 

Chemistry: Atranorin and an unidentified fatty acid. 

Holotype: Peru. Cerros Calla Calla, 18 km above Leimebamba, 
Chachapoyas, Amazonas, elev. 3100 m, P.C. Hutchinson and J.K. Wright 
5704, 16 June 1964 (US; isotype in UC). 



268 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

The thai 1 us is rather stiff and coriaceous for so small a 
species. It is probably not related to the common P_. costaricensis 
Nyl . which also contains fatty acids but is isidiate. 

Parmelia steyermarkii Hale, sp. nov. 



Thallus corticola, arete adnatus supra muscos, fragilis, 
cinereo-albus, 6-8 cm latus, lobis angustis, subl inearibus, 1-1.5 
mm latis, isidiatis, isidiis simplicibus, procumbentibus et pro 
parte dorsiventrale complanatis, ciliatis; cortex superior n-12ju 
crassus, stratum gonidiale 14-16^1 crassum, medulla alba, 5.6-65ju 
crassa, cortex inferior 12-14^1 crassus; subtus niger, modice 
rhizinosus, rhizinis dichotome ramosis. Apothecia ignota (Fig. 7). 

Chemistry: Atranorin, barbatic acid, obtusatic acid, 
norobtusatic acid (trace), and 4-0-demethyl barbatic acid (trace). 

Holotype: Venezuela. Sierra Parima, 45 km NE las Cabeceras 
del Rio Orinoco, Amazonas, J. Steyermark 106123, 18-23 May 1972 
(US). 

This is the only isidiate species in the P^. physcioides group 
which has ciliate and consistently dorsiventral isidia at maturity. 
The other two species, P^. dentella Hale & Kurok. and P^. imbricatula 
Zahlbr., are much larger and have normal cylindrical isidia. 

Parmelia subphysodal ica Hale, sp. nov. 



Thallus ramulicola, fragilis, arete adnatus, 6-7 cm latus, 
obscure viridi-flavicans, lobis subl inearibus, 1-2 mm latis, superne 
planus, nitidus, modice isidiatus, isidiis simplicibus, cylindricis, 
ca. 0.3 mm altis, sparse ciliatis; cortex superior 10-12jU crassus, 
stratum gonidiale 14-1 6aj crassum, medulla alba, 60-80w crassa, 
cortex inferior 12-14xj crassus; subtus niger, modice rhizinosus, rhizini 
dichotome ramosis. Apothecia ignota (Fig. 8). 

Chemistry: Atranorin (trace), usnic acid, and physodalic acid. 

Holotype: Chile. Puerto Ballena, Chiloe, H.A. Imshaug 43121A, 
19 September 1969 (MSC; isotype in US). 

Physodalic acid is known in only one other species of the 
section,. P^. physodalica Hale, a nonisidiate paramo species in Colombia, 
which is probably not closely related. 



197li Hale, New species of Pamella 269 

This work was supported by a grant from the Smithsonian Research 
Foundation. Photography was by the Smithsonian Photographic Laboratory, 
All chemical determinations were made with thin-layer chromatography 
in the standard three solvent systems (hexane-ether-formic acid, 
benzene-dioxane-acetic acid, and toluene-acetic acid). 



Explanation of figures (scale in mm): 1. P. boquetensis 
( hoi type, US); 2.. P^. contradicta (i so type, USj; 3. P^. ei tenii 
( hoi type, US); 4. P^. osorioi (isotype, US); 5. P_. protobol iviana 
(holotype, US); 6. P^. singularis (holotype, US); 7. P^. steyermarkii 
(holotype, US); 8. P^. subphysodal ica (holotype, US). 



270 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 









'm^j:^'' ^. 



^^>gim- 



1 t^^S 




- ^:^ 








191 h 



Hale, New species of Pair^ella 



271 




STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXXIII. 
ADDITIONS TO THE GENUS MIKANIA. 



R. M. King and H. Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. 



Recent efforts in the genus Mikania have revealed 
the following four undescribed species . 

.^li^^Ilif ££SS.^i£X^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
PLantae scandentes vel suf frutescentes pauce vel muLto 
ramosae. Caules fuLvi teretes striati dense scabridi 
interdum fistulosi. Folia opposita breviter petiolata, 
petioLis plerumque I.0-L.5 cm Longis ; lamina ovata 3.5- 
7.0 cm Longa 2-^ cm lata base rotundata margine integra 
ad apicem obtusa supra et subtus sparsim scabrida, 
nervis pinnatis, paribus secondariis prominentibus dup- 
Licibus in quarta inferiore vaLde ascendentibus . 
Inf lorescentiae pyramidaliter panicuLatae, ramis pani- 
culatis retrorse scabridis. CapituLa sessilia plerum- 
que biniter veL tripLiciter disposita ca. 9 mm alta. 
Squamae subinvoLucri oblongae ca. 2.5 mm Longae 
abaxialiter glabrae. Squamae invoLucri anguste oblong- 
ae ca. 5 mm longae et L. 0-1.2 mm Latae obtusae extus 
sparsim puberuLae. CoroLLae aLbae? ^4.0-^. 5 mm Longae 
extus minute puberulae et pauce glanduLiferae , tubis 
distinctis ca. L.5 mm Longis, Limbis anguste campanu- 
Latis veL cyLindricis, Lobis ca. 0.5 mm Longis ca. O.A 
mm Latis, ceLLuLis quadratis veL breviter obLongis, 
25-35^1 Latis; thecae antherarum ca. L.3 mm Longae, 
appendicibus Late obLongis, ca. 200p, Longis et Latis; 
styLi inferne noduLosi gLabri, appendicibus breviter 
papiLLosis. Achaenia 5-costata A. 0-^.5 mm Longa pauce 
breviter setifera et gLanduLif era . Setae pappi ca. kO 
pLerumque uniseriatae ad apicem vix incrassatae. Grana 
poLLinis ca. 23|j, diam. 

Type: COSTA RICA: San Jose: near Finca La Cima , 
above Los Lotes, North of EL Copey, aLtitude 2L00- 
2A00 meters, December 2L-22, L925, PauL C. StandLey 
^28L^ (HoLotype US!). Paratype COSTA RICA: Cartago: 
vicinity of MiLLsviLLe, Pan-American Highway, about 
3 km above NiveL, 3000-3300 meters, JuLy 22 L9i49, HoLm 
& ILtis 506 (USD. 

The new species seems very cLoseLy reLated to M. 
steubeLii Hieron. of northern South America but the 

272 



197U King & Robinson, Additions to Llikanla 273 

latter has generally shorter petioles and at least 
remotely subserrulate leaf margins, the stems and 
leaves lack the short stout scabrae and the hairs of 
the corolla are more concentrated toward the tips of 
the lobes. 



Mikania st^e^ermarkij. R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 
nov. ~PTarvtae scandentes grosse herbaceae sparsim 
ramosae. Caules ful-virides teretes vel subhexagoni 
striati minute puberuli saepe fistulosi. Folia 
opposita anguste petiolata, petiolis 0.5-2.5 cm longis ; 
lamina ovata vel lanceolata 6-10 cm longa 1.5-6.0 cm 
lata base rotundata vel subcuneata margine integra vel 
obscure subserrulata ad apicem anguste acuminata multo 
glandulo-punctata aliter subglabra prope basin valde 
trinervata, nervis secondariis prominentibus submargin- 
alibus longe ascendentibus . Inf lorescentiae in rarais 
corymbosis congestis dispositae. Capitula ca. 1 cm 
alta plerumque tripliciter disposita sessilia. Squamae 
subinvolucri prominentes anguste ellipticae ^4-5 mm 
longae glandulo-punctatae et sparsim puberulae . 
Squamae involucri anguste oblongae 6-7 mm longae ca. 
1.2 mm latae ad apicem obtusae extus glandulo-punctatae 
et aliquantum puberulae. Corollae albae ca. 4.5 mm 
longae, tubis aliquatum distinctis ca. 2.5 mm longis, 
limbis anguste campanulatis , lobis brevibus ca. 1^ 
longioribus quam latioribus extus glandulif eris , 
cellulis breviter oblongis 20-30pi latis; thecae anther- 
arum ca. 2 mm longae, appendicibus longe triangular ibus 
A50-500|j, longis ca. 230ti latis; styli inferne glabri, 
appendicibus breviter papillosis. Acheania 5-costata 
3.5-4.0 mm longa multo glandulifera pauce pilifera. 
Setae pappi ca. ^0 plerumque uniseriatae ad apicem 
leniter incrassatae. Grana pollinis 18\i. diam. 

Type: VENEZUELA: Miranda: Distrito Br ion: Entre 
Chuspa y Aricagua, 5.5 km oeste de Aricagua, 50 metres, 
11 Marzo 1973, Steyermark & Espinosa 106893 (Holotype 
USI). Paratypel same locality, Sleyermark & Espinosa 
106895 (US!). 

The species is rather distinct in the strong pair 
of secondary leaf veins running near the margins. The 
species has corymbose branches in the inflorescence 
and short corolla lobes similar to M. parvif lora (Aubl. ) 
Karst. but lacks the long papillae of the style . The 
species seems closer to M. gleasonii B.L.Robinson of 
British Guiana but the latter has Targer purple 
corollas and a rather unique form of pappus with extra 



27lt PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

smaller setae disposed in a distinct inner series. 
The new species has the major veins distinctly and 
narrowly raised on the upper surface but much more 
prominent below. 



Mikania tilAettii R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
Plantae scandentes grosse herbaceae sparsim ramosae. 
Caules rubescentes teretes vel subhexagoni striati 
glabri vel minute puberuli saepe anguste fistulosi. 
Folia opposita aliquantum anguste petiolata, petiolis 
1.0-2.5 cm longis ; lamina ovata usque ad 12 cm longa 
et 7 cm lata base rotundata vel subcuneata margine 
integra ad apicem breviter anguste acuminata multo 
minute glandulo-punctata aliter glabra prope basin 
valde subpinnate 3-5-nervata, nervis tertiariis 
obscuris. Inf lorescentiae in ramis corymbosis laxis 
dispositae, pedicellis 1-4 mm longis minute puberulis. 
Capitula ca. 1 cm alta. Squamae subinvolucri anguste 
oblongae ca. 2 mm longae glabrae. Squamae involucri 
anguste oblongae ca. 5 mm longae ca. 1.2-1.5 mm latae 
ad apicem plerumque rotundatae extus glandulo-punctatae 
sparsim puberulae. Corollae albae vel rubescens? ca. 
5.5 mm longae anguste infundibulares extus pauce gland- 
uliferae, tubis indistinctis angustis, lobis ca. 1 mm 
longis 0.^4 mm latis, cellulis oblongis 20-30|j, latis, 
parietibus sinuosis; thecae antherarum ca. 1 mm longae, 
appendicibus longe triangularibus 400-450 ^ longis ca. 
180|i latis; styli inferni glabri, appendicibus breviter 
papillosis. Achaenia 5-costata 3.5-4.0 mm longa gland- 
ulifera. Setae pappi ca. 40 plerumque uniseriatae ad 
apicem leniter incrassatae. Grana pollinis ca. 23|i 
diam. 

Type: BRITISH GUIANA: upper Mazaruni River Basin: 
Mt. Ayanganna, mixed evergreen forest on and below 
talus from cliffs along NE side; evevation 750-900 m. , 
August 18, 1960, Tillett . Tillett & Boyan 45894 (Holo- 
type USD. 

The species has most of the characters of Mikania 

gleasonii and M. steyermarkii with the more pedicellate 
heads of the former and the mostly uniseriate pappus 

of the latter. The species differs from M. gleasonii 

by the presence of a distinct subinvolucral bract and 

the bract is much more prominent than in M. steyer - 
markii. 



1971* King ^ Robinson, Additions to Mikania 275 

Mikania t^^£onii R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
PLantae~'3~ecumSenteT' vel scandentes saepe epiphyticae 
pauce vel muLto raraosae. CauLes fuLvi teretes vel 
Leniter hexagoni interdum anguste fistulosi. Folia 
opposita anguste petiolata, petioLis 0.5-L.5 cm longis ; 
lamina eLLiptica vel obovata usque ad 8 cm Longa et 
3.5 cm Lata base breviter cuneata margine integra ad 
apicem anguste rotundata vel breviter acuminata 
interdum .rubre multo glandulo-punctata aliter glabra 
in sicca minute rugosa, nervis secondariis binis dup- 
licibus paraLLeLis subbasiLar ibus ascendent ibus . 
Inf Lorescentiae irregular iter corymboso-panicuLatae , 
pediceLLis L. 5-6.0 mm longis mm Longis sparse puberuLis. 
GapituLa ca . 5 mm aLta. Squamae subinvoLucri anguste 
oblongae ca. L . 5 mm Longae . Squamae invoLucri obLongae 
ca. 3.5 mm Longae ca. L mm Latae ad apicem rotundatae 
extus sparse puberuLae et pLerumque rubro-gLanduLoso- 
punctatae. CoroLLae aLbae ca. 4.5 mm Longae extus 
gLanduLiferae , tubis brevibus indist inctis , Lobis dupLo 
Longioribus quam Latioribus; thecae antherarum ca. L mm 
Longae, appendicibus Late obLongo-ovat is 200-300p, 
Longis ca. L50n Latis; styLi inferne gLabri, appendici- 
bus breviter papiLLosis. Achaenia ^-5 costata 2-3 mm 
Longa muLto gLanduLifera interdum puberuLa. Setae 
pappi ca. 50 pLerumque uniseriatae ad apicem distincte 
incrassatae. Grana poLLinis ca. 22|i diam. 

Type: PANAMA: Panama: top Gerro Jefe, 3000 ft. 
JuLy 9, L966, Tyson , Dwyer , & BLum 4429 (HoLotype US I 
Isotype MO!). Paratypes: PANAMA: Bocas deL Toro: OLd 
Bank IsLand, vicinity of Ghiriqui Lagoon, von WedeL 
204L (MO); GocLe : La Mesa, 5 miLes N of EL VaLLe, 
75TK5 ft, Tyson et a_L 2445 (US); Panama: Gerro Jefe, 
2900 ft, Dwyer & Gauger 7378 (MO). 

The species occurs in a series of LocaLities in 
centraL and western Panama. The pLants are rather 
smaLL with mostLy eLLipticaL Leaves. The inf Lorescence 
is of an intermediate corymbose-panicuLate shape that 
cannot be easiLy pLaced in any of the generaL group- 
ings of the genus. A cLose reLative might be M. Lucida 
BLake of VenezeuLa which has a smaLLer thinner anther 
appendage. 



Mikania zonensi^ R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
PLantae scandentes grosse herbaceae sparsim ramosae. 
CauLes sensim subnigrescentes teretes striati subgLabri 
anguste fistuLosi. FoLia opposita anguste petioLata, 



276 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

petiolis usque ad ^4 cm Longis ; Lamina elLiptica-ovata 
usque ad 21 cm longa 8 cm Lata base rotundata vel 
breviter cuneata non acuminata margine integra ad 
apicem anguste caudate acuminata supra et subtus sub- 
glabra, nervis subtus vix prominentibus sparsim 
puberulis, paribus secondariis distinctis prope basem 
paucis valde ascendentibus . Inf lorescentiae in ramis 
corymbosis congestis dispositae. Capitula ca. 8-9 mm 
alta tripliciter disposita sessilia. Squamae subinvoL- 
ucri perminutae ca. L mm Longae. Squamae invoLucri 
anguste obLongae ca. 5 mm Longae ca. L.5 mm Latae ad 
apicem rotundatae extus striatae sparsim gLanduLo- 
punctatae et superne puberuLae. CoroLLae aLbae, ca. 5 
mm Longae extus gLanduLo-punctatae , tubis subdistinctis 
ca. 2 mm Longis, Limbis anguste infundibuLaribus extus 
gLanduLo-punctatis , Lobis equiLateraLiter trianguLar- 
ibus extus puberuLis, ceLLuLis quadratis veL breviter 
obLongis 20-30|i, Latis; thecae antherarum ca. L.5 mm 
Longae, appendicibus Longe trianguLaribus ca. ^00 ij, 
Longis ca. 2^0\i, Latis; styLi inferne distincte sparsim 
papiLLosi, appendicibus Longe papiLLosis. Achaenia 
5-costata ca. 3.5 mm Longa sensim vaLde corticata. 
Setae pappi ca. 60 pLerumque uniseriatae ad apicem non 
veL Leniter incrassatae. Grana poLLinis ca. LSp, diam. 



Type: PANAMA: CanaL Zone: ALbrook; U. S. Army 
Tropic Test Center Site, ApriL L965, Dwyer & Robyns 
LL5 (HoLotype MOI Isotype USD. 



The species is cLoseLy reLated to M. guaco with 
the same form of styLe and achene. The species differs 
in the Leaf which is more eLLipticaL, Less decurrent 
and more gLabrous. 



AcknowLedgement 

This study was supported in part by the NationaL 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 to the senior author. 



^97U King & Robinson, Additions to lj.kania 



277 




PLANTS OF COSTA RICA 



^ 



^^^^^^a standleyi R.M.King & H. Robins 



278 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 




MINISTERIO OE APRICllLTUHA V CRIA 

IIRRIIARtO NACIONAL 1)1: M..\l;/ri.LA 

R.OKA Ul: VLNtZl'l LA 



.'liSCTUi 



riONAl HtiRSAKUlM 



Mikania steyermarkii R.M.King & H.Robinson, 



197U 



King & Robinson, Additions to Llikania 



279 




rl. K. B«rr/s;, > t . 1 i*,: . 



Vlrwi li»vai MdluB grtun, crt.cetjjB: t-tvlUrlM «r»»r 
p«;>pu» imlM: lnfr«oi.«r,t, aUwl M^r.-reTO fi,r»»l n and 



^^^^^^^ tillettii R.M.King & H.Robinson. 



280 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 




uriJTED siirft 



2fi;{9S2!) 



Mikania tysonii R.M.King & H.Robinson. 



1971 



King Sc Robinson, Additions to Mikania 



281 




PtANTS Of PANAMA 



MlwltRI BitlANK M I 



Mikania zonensis R.M.King & H.Robinson 



STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXXIV. 

A NEW GENUS, EITENIA . 

R. M. King and H. Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. 

The relatives of ChromoLaena DC. and Praxelis 
Cassini acheive their greatest diversity in Brazil 
where a number of distinctive genera have been recog- 
nized for many years including Lomatozoma Baker in 
Martius, Eupatoriopsis Hieron. , and Praxeliopsis 
Barroso. Some of the most diverse elements seem 
rather isolated in the interior of Brazil and a recent 
collection from Goi^s showing additional unique 
features is described here as a new genus and species. 

The new genus resembles Praxelis and Eupatoriopsis 
in habit and has the same type of flattened carpopodium 
on the achene opening on the inner side. The receptacle 
is conical as in Praxelis and not as cylindrical as 
Eupatoriopsis . The achene is unlike Praxelis and more 
like Eupatoriopsis in being totally flattened with only 
two marginal ribs and in having only about eight pappus 
setae. The pappus setae are unlike Eupatoriopsis in 
being long and the pappus and the unequally lobed 
corolla are two characters more suggestive of Praxel - 
iopsis presently known only from Matto Grosso. The 
latter genus is utterly distinct in achene form and 
in the insertion of the almost sessile anthers near 
the bases of the corolla lobes. In addition to its 
unique combination of characters, the new genus differs 
from all its relatives by the rows of setae on the 
inner surface of the corolla limb along the veins. 
None of the existing genera of the group can be reason- 
ably extended to include this distinctive species. 

Eitenia prg^SSisi^S^ ^•^•^■^'^S ^ H.Robinson, nov. 
gen. 'e€'~spT' Asteracearum (Eupatorieae ). Plantae 
herbaceae perennes erectae usque ad 35 cm altae base 
ramosae. Caules teretes striati hirsuti. Folia 
opposita breviter petiolata, petiolis 1-k mm longis ; 
lamina ovata 1-3 cm longa base truncata vel subcuneata 
margine pauce serrata inferne lobata ad apicem acuta 
supra sparsim hirsuta subtus sparsim longe hirsuta et 
plurimum glandulo-punctata . Inf lorescentiae perlaxe 
subcymosa^ pedicellis usque ad 7 cm longis remote 
hirsutis vel glabris. Capitula 6-7 mm alta; f lores 
ca. ^^0-50; squamae involucri ca. 35 subimbricatae 

282 



197U King & Robinson, A new genus, Ei tenia 283 

3-i4-seriatae L. 5-5.0 mm Longae L.O mm latae lanceolatae 
anguste acuminatae extus glabrae omnino deciduae; 
receptacula aLte conica glabra. Corollae anguste 
infundibuLares ca. 3.5 mm longae, lobis 5 ovatis 
inaequilongis 0.5-L.O mm extus pauce glanduLifera et 
setifera intus valde papiLLosa extus margine breviter 
papilLosa, limbis intus prope nervis hirsutis, ceLIuIis 
eLongatis extus in partibus superioribus minute uni- 
papiLLosis, parietibus pLerumque sinuosis; filamenta 
in parte superiore ca. 200|j, Longa inferne inflata, 
celLuLis quadratis vel Latioribus, parietibus vaLde 
transverse vel verticaliter vel oblique annulatis; 
celluLae exotheciaLes subquadratae vel breviores, 
appendicibus anguste ovatis ca. L50^i Longis 75-L00|i 
latis; styli inferne non noduLosi gLabri, appendicibus 
Linearibus dense Longe papilLosis. Achaenia ca. 3 mm 
Longa anguste obovata compLanata solum margine costata 
dense Longe setifera aLiter perpauce setifera veL 
gLabra; carpopodia brevia compLanata Lata superna 
Latiora, foraminibus in superficiis interioribus ; setae 
pappi ca. 8 vaLde discretae 2.5-3.0 mm Longae teretes 
scabridae superne vix angustiores, ceLLuLis apicaLibus 
argute acutis. Grana poLLinis ca. L8p, diam. breviter 
spinosa . 



Type: BRAZIL: Goias: Municipio de Paraiso do Norte 
de Goi^s : north side of city of Paraiso do Norte de 
Goi^s. (300 m west of BeLem-BrasiLia highway & 250 m 
N of brook Limiting present north edge of city. ) 
LOO ]^o» S. ^8° 53< W. ALt. 390 m 29 December L969, 
Eiten & Eiten L0094 (HoLotype US!). 



AcknowLedgement 

This study was supported in part by the NationaL 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 A #L and A #2 to the 
senior author. 



28U 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 



\ 



\ 



v., 




2t;S7!t!»1 

NAHCiNCl HtRDAIIi 



Eitenia praxeloides R.M.King & H.Robinson. 



197li 



King & Robinson, A new genus, Eitenia 



285 




l'J^\rii4r 



TT-f 



^•!9^ 





< 




Eitenia praxeliodes R.M.King & H Robin^nn 
Enlargements of heads. n.KODinson, 



STUDIES IN THE EUPATORIEAE (ASTERACEAE ) . CXXV. 
ADDITIONS TO THE GENUS, BARTLETTINA. 



R. M. King and H. Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560. 



Recent efforts on fLoristic and cytological studies 
have required a critical review of the rather chaotic 
species concepts in the Largely Mexican and Central 
American genus Bartlettina . Among the numerous species 
some revisions have been required including the reduct- 
ion of B. ruae (Stand ley ) K. & R. to the synonymy of 
B. pans ama lens is (B.L.Rob ins on) K. & R. and the recog- 
nition of the following three new species. Duplicates 
of Breedlove collections of two of the following species 
may be filed in other herbaria under the name Eupatorium 
aschenbornianum Schauer. The latter name actually 
applies to a distinctive Mexican and Central American 
species of Ageratina . 

Bartlettina breedlovei R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. 
nov. '^PTant^e^'Tre'atae^'Yrutescentes usque ad 3.5 m 
altae. Caules teretes leniter striati ruf o-hirtelli 
interdum fistulosi. Folia opposita, petiolis usque ad 
3.5 cm longis angustis; laminae ovatae usque ad 7 cm 
longae et 5 cm latae base subtruncatae vel breviter 
cuneata vix breviter acuminatae margine argute multi- 
serratae apice breviter acuminatae vel longe acutae 
supra sparsim breviter pilosae subtus distincte multo 
glandulo-punctatae , nervis subtus dense puberulis, 
nervis secondariis inferne aliquantum congestis sub- 
trinervatis. Inf lorescentiae subcongestae late 
pyramidaliter paniculatae, ramis corymbosis, pedicellis 
3-8 mm longis dense hirtellis. Capitula 7-8 mm alta; 
squamae involucri 20-25 subimbricatae ca. 3-seriatae 
extus dense puberulae exteriores anguste lanceolatae 
vel oblongo-lanceolatae 2-3 mm longae acutae interiores 
anguste oblongae 5-6 mm longae apice breviter vel 
longe acutae anguste scariosae dense minute fimbriatae; 
receptacula glabra. Flores ca. 30-^40. Corollae pur- 
pureae ca. 3.5-i».5 mm longae anguste infundibulares , 
tubis indistinctis , lobis 5 equilateraliter trangular- 
ibus extus setiferis et glanduliferis ; filamenta 
antherarum in parte superiore angusta 0.5-0.6 mm longa ; 
thecae 1.2-1.5 mm longae, appendicibus late oblongis 
ca. 150^i longis et 200|j, latis; appendices stylorum 

286 



197U King £t Robinson, Additions to Bartlettlna 287 

Lineares dense breviter papilLosae. Achaenia ca. 2 mm 
longa glabra; carpopodia brevia; setae pappi ca. 35 
plerumque ^4-5 mm Longae ad apicem non dilatatae. Grana 
poLLinis ca. 20^i, diam. micropapilLosae . 



Type: MEXICO: Chiapas: San Cristobal Las Casas to 
Tenejapa. Chamula paraje of Las Ollas. >funicipio of 
San Cristobal Las Casas. ELevation 8300 ft. L9 Feb. 
L965, BreedLove 9075 (HoLotype US! Isotype DS!). 
Paratype GUATEMALA: Huehuetenango : Sierra de Los 
Cuchumatanes. CLoud forest ^4 mi E of San Mateo Ixtatan 
on road to BariLLas. Municipio of San Mateo Ixtatan. 
ELevation 8500 ft., February 7, L965, BreedLove 87L7 
(DS!). 

The species is reLated to a group that incLudes 
LocaLLy B. hy Lob ia (B . L.Robinson) K. & R. , B. oresbioides 
(B. L. Robins on )K. & R. and B. guatemaLensis K. & R. n. 
sp. beLow. These species aLL have the rather short 
anther appendages and the narrower rather obLong 
invoLucraL bracts in a few series. The present species 
is distinct in the more pyramidaL inf Lorescence , in 
the more acute tip of the invoLucraL bracts and in the 
firmer more pubescent more promimentLy serrate Leaves. 



l££ij;£,^^iil£. JH^^^iHiSJQSi? R.M.King & H.Robinson, 
sp. novT FTantae e f e c'tae Frutescentes usque ad 3.5 m 
aLtae. CauLes teretes Leniter striati minute puberuLi 
non fistuLosi. FoLia opposita Longe petioLata, petio- 
Lis usque ad 7 cm Longis angustis; Laminae ovato- 
rhomboideae usque ad L2 cm Longae et 8 cm Latae base 
Late cuneatae et breviter acuminatae margine muLto 
crenato-serratae apice breviter apicuLatae supra 
sparsim puberuLae subtus gLanduLo-punctatae , nervis 
subtus sparsim puberuLis, nervis secondariis inferne 
aLiquantum congestis subtrinervatis . Inf Lorescentiae 
subcongestae Late corymboso-panicuLatae , pediceLLis 
3-8 mm Longis minute puberuLis. CapituLa 7-8 mm alta; 
squamae invoLucri ca. L5-L8 subimbricatae ca. 3-seriatae 
extus distincte minute puberuLae exteriores obLongo- 
LanceoLatae veL anguste eLLipticae 2-3 mm Longae 
anguste obtusae inter iores anguste obLongae ca. 5 mm 
Longae apice obtusae veL breviter acutae scariosae 
minute fimbriatae; receptacuLa gLabra. FLores ca. 20. 
CoroLLae LavenduLae ca. U mm Longae anguste infundib- 
uLares, tubis indistinct is , Lobis 5 equiLateraLiter 
trianguLaribus extus muLto setiferis et gLanduLiferis ; 
fiLamenta antherarum in parte superne angusta ca. 0.5 mm 



288 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

longa ; thecae ca. L mm Longae , appendicibus Late 
obLongis ca. LSOij, Longis et 200p, Latis; appendices 
styLorum lineares dense breviter papilLosae. Achaenia 
L. 8-2.0 mm Longa gLabra; carpopodia prominentia; setae 
pappi ca. ^0 pLerumque 3.0-3.5 mm Longae ad apicem 
non diLatatae. Grana poLLinis ca. 20p, diam. micro- 
papiLLosae. 

Type: GUATEMALA: Quiche: Nebaj. 86 00 ft., Nov. 
L7, L93i4, Skutch L700 (HoLotype US I ) . Paratype : 
GUATEMALA: Huehuetenango : Sierra de Los Cuchumatanes : 
CLoud forest k miLes E of San Mateo Ixtatan on road to 
BariLLas. Municipio of San Mateo Ixtatan. ELevation 
8500 ft., February 7, L965, BreedLove 87L8 (DS ! ) . 

The species is cLosest to B. oresbioides aLso of 
GuatemaLa. The Latter differs by its more cLoseLy and 
sharpLy serrate Leaves. The aLso cLoseLy reLated B. 
hyLobia of adjacent Chiapas has Leaf serrations that 
are more remote but formed of very narrow sharpLy pro- 
jecting teeth. Further coLLections may show that B, 
oresbioides is not distinct from B. hyLobia . 

Bar^tJ^^ttj^ _matudae R.M.King & H.Robinson, sp. nov. 
PLantae erectae frutescentes usque ad 2 m ? aLtae. 
CauLes teretes in sicco corrugati dense hirsuti. FoLia 
opposita, petioLis usque ad 9 cm Longis; Laminae Latae 
ovatae ad 23 cm Longae et L8 cm Latae base Late rotun- 
datae et distincte abrupte acuminatae margine breviter 
Late denticuLatae apice breviter acutae supra sparsim 
breviter piLosae subtus pLerumque in nervis sparsim 
hirteLLae non gLanduLo-punctatae , nervis secondariis 
inferne aLiquantum congestis; paribus tres veL quatuor 
subtrinervatis . Inf Lorescentiae subcongestae Late 
corymboso-panicuLatae , pediceLLis L-5 mm Longis 
hirteLLis. CapituLa 7-8 mm aLta; squamae invoLucri 
ca. L8-20 subimbricatae 3-^-seriatae extus distincte 
puberuLae LanceoLatae veL anguste obLongo-LanceoLatae 
2-5 mm Longae anguste acutae vix scariosae; receptacuLa 
gLabra. FLores ca. 30-^40. CoroLLae LavenduLae? ca. 
^.5 mm Longae anguste infundibuLares , tubis indistinctis , 
Lobis 5 equiLateraLiter trianguLaribus veL Latioribus 
extus setiferis et pauce gLanduLiferis ; fiLamenta 
antherarum in parte superiore angusta 0.5-0.6 mm Longa; 
thecae L.2-L.A mm Longae, appendicibus obLongo-ovatis 
300-350|j, Longis L75-200 |i Latis ; appendices styLorum 
Lineares dense breviter papiLLosae. Achaenia L.2-L.A 
mm Longa subgLabra superne pauce setifera; carpopodia 
brevia; setae pappi ca. 30 pLerumque 3-4 mm Longae 



197U King H Robinson, Additions to Bartlettina 289 

ad apicem non dilatatae, Grana poLLinis ca. 20^, diam. 
micropapillosae . 



Type: MEXICO: Veracruz: Acultzinco, May L, 1937, 
Matuda II37 (Holotype US!). 



The species is apparently most cLoseLy related to 
B. sordida which occurs in the same general area. The 
new species is most distinct in the lesser number of 
flowers and invoIucraL bracts, in the bracts being 
generally broader and less pubescent and in the leaf 
blades having a distinct acumination at the attachment 
to the petiole. 



Acknowledgement 

This study was supported in part by the National 
Science Foundation Grant GB 20502 A #1 and A #2 to the 
senior author. 



290 



PIIYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. 3 




ONIIED srcTES 



NA1I0NU IIERaARIUM 






CHtAI'A>. MtJCICD 



Bartlettina breedlovei R.M.King & H.Robinson, 



197k King & Robinson, Additions to Bartlettina 291 




ANTS or GUATCV 



Bartlettina guatemalensis R.M.King & H.Robinson. 



292 



PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 




Bartlettina matudae R.M.King & H.Robinson. 



197U 



King 8z Robinson, Additions to Bartlettina 



293 




Enlargements of heads of Bartlettina . Upper Left, 
B. guatemalensis . Upper right, B. breedLovei. Bottom! 
B . matudae. ~ 



STUDIES IN THE SENECIONEAE (ASTERACEAE) . VI, 
THE GENUS ARNOGLOSSUM. 



Harold Robinson 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 2056O. 



A previous paper of this series (Robinson & Brettell, 1973) 
surveyed many of the "Cacalioid" genera of North America and 
Asia and recognized the eastern North American genus Mesadenia 
Raf. as distinct. Unfortimately, at that time the existence of 
an older generic name was overlooked. Amoglossum , also named 
by Rafinesque at a much earlier date (1817), has a complete 
generic description and a description of the single included 
species, A. plantagineiun Raf .j in the original publication. 
Rafinesque was the first to revive this ancient name, though 
admittedly in a different sense from the original. Rafinesque 's 
use of the name is in no way invalidated by S.F.Gray's subse- 
quent use of the name in its more ancient sense for members of 
the Plantaginaceae . The latter use provides only one compli- 
cation in preoccupying the combination A. lanceolatum . 

The niunber of species recognized in the genus varies with 
different authors. Vuilleumier (I969) discusses the group in 
some detail and mentions only the following seven species. The 
necessary new combinations are provided here. 

^^J}2^}^^^^ ^^:£2^^}^^^}^olA^m (L.) H.Robinson, comb. nov. Cacalia 
atriplicifolia L., Sp. PI. 835. 1753. 

^ISS^^S^}^ ^^J{S£^2:^£}:^^ (Torr. & Gray) H.Robinson, comb. nov. 
Cacalia diversifolia Torr. & Gray, Fl. N.Am. 2: 435. 1843. 

Arnoglossum f loridanum (Gray) H.Robinson, comb. nov. Cacalia 
floridana Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 52. 1883. 

:^£IiS£i£SSJS. 5!i2i!iSifeS£Sii (Sch.Bip.) H.Robinson, comb. nov. 
oenecTo muehlenbergii Sch.Bip., Flora 28: 499. 1845. 
Cacalia reniformis Mihl. in Willd., non C. reniformis Lam. 

Anio^^ossum ovatum (Walt.) H.Robinson, comb. nov. Cacalia 
ovataT lA^Trrr^Fl . Carol. I96. 1788. Cacalia lanceolata 
Nutt . , Mesadenia elliottii Harper . 

Amoglossum plantagineum Raf., Fl. Ludov. 65. 1817. including 
? Cacalia tuberosa Nutt., Gen. N.Am. PI. 2: 138. 1818. 

29h 



197li Robinson, Genus Amoglossum 295 

Arnoglossum sulcatum (Femald) H.Robinson, comb. nov. Cacalia 
sulcata Femald in Coult., Bot. Gaz. 33: 157. 1902. 



Literature Cited 



Rafinesque, C. S. 1817. Florula Ludoviciana. 

Robinson, H. and R. D, Brettell 1973- Studies in the Senecion- 
eae (Asteraceae) . IV. The genera Mesadenia, Syneilesis , 
Miricacalia , Koyamacalia and Sinacalia . Phytologia 27: 
265-276. 

Vuilleumier, B. S. 1969. The genera of Senecioneae in the 

Southeastern United States. Jour. Arnold Arb. 50: 104-123- 



NOTES ON ARCHIBACCHARIS (COMPOSITAE - ASTEREAE) 

John D. Jackson 
Department of Botany, University of Minnesota, St. Paul * 



The following notes are drawn from my recent revision of 
Archibaccharis which is to be published in the near future. 
They consist of descriptions of new taxa and nomenclatorial 
changes. 

ARCHIBACCHARIS HIERACIIFOLIA Heer. var. HIERACIIFOLIA. 

Archibaccharis hieraciifolia Heer., Hamb. Wissensch. Anst. 
21: Beiheft 3: 40. 1904 (prim.). Type: MEXICO: State of 
Oaxaca: Sierra de San Felipe, ele. 2966 m, 13 Dec. 1895, 
Pringle 6257 (HBG; photo. MINI; isotypes: BMl Fl GHl Kl MINI 

Mo: msci~nyT p! uci usi). 

Baccharis oaxacana Greenm. , Proc. Amer. Acad. 40: 37. 1904. 
Hemibaccharis oaxacana (Greenm.) Blake, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 
20: 546. 1924. Archibaccharis oaxacana (Greenm.) Blake, ibid. 
23: 1508. 1926. Type: Pringle 6257 . 

Heering's publication of Archibaccharis hieraciifolia preceded 
the publication of Baccharis oaxacana Greenm. in the same year. 
Both names were based on plants from the same collection, 
Pringle 6257 . My study of the holotype of B^ oaxacana and photos 
of the holotype of A^ hieraciifolia show that these plants are 
members of the same taxon. I view the two following taxa as 
varieties of A^ hieraciifolia . 

ARCHIBACCHARIS HIERACIIFOLIA Heer. var. GLANDULOSA (Greenm.) 

J. D. Jackson, stat. nov. 

Baccharis glandulosa Greenm. , Proc. Amer. Acad. 40: 36-37, 
1904. Hemibaccharis glandulosa (Greenm.) Blake, Contr. U. S. 
Nat. Herb. 20: 546. 1924. Archibaccharis glandulosa (Greenm.) 
Blake, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci. 17: 60. 1927. Type: 
MEXICO: Federal District: Serrania de Ajusco, ele. 2895 m, 
7 Dec. 1903, Pringle 8782 (GHl); isotypes: BMl Cl Fl Kl MICHl 
MINI MOl NYl pTpOMT UCTUSI). 

ARCHIBACCHARIS HIERACIIFOLIA Heer. var. HIERACIOIDES (Blake) 

J. D. Jackson, stat. nov. 

Baccharis hieraciifolia Hemsl. Biol. Centr. Amer. 2: 129. 
1881. Not Lam. 1783, Hemibaccharis hieracioides Blake, Contr, 
U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 547. 1924, Archibaccharis hieracioides 



* Publication costs were met in part from the Junior F. Hayden 
Memorial Fund. 

296 



197U Jackson, Motes on Archlbaccharia 297 

Blake, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci. 17: 60-61. 1927. Lectotype: 
MEXICO: State of Mexico: Desierto Viejo, Valley of Mexico, 
3 Nov. 1865 or 1866, Bourgeau 1230 (Kl photo. MINI isolectotypes : 
C: GHl P! us: photo, of C isolectotype, GHl NY! TEXI photo, and 
fragments from an undetermined herbarium, MSCi). 

ARCHIBACCHARIS SCHIEDEANA (Benth.) J. D. Jackson, comb. nov. 

Baccharis scandens Less., Linnaea 5: 146. 1830. Not Pers. 
1807. Baccharis Schiedeana Benth. in Oerst. Nat. For. KjBbenhavn 
Vid. Medd. 1852: 83. 1852. Type: B, destroyed (D. E. Meyer, 
per. coram.). Lectotype: MEXICO: State of Vera Cruz: Jalapa, 
Aug., no year cited, Schiede 318 (GHl; photo. MINI). 

Baccharis elegans var. Seemannii Schultz Bip., Seem. Bot. Voy. 
Herald: 303. 1856. Type: MEXICO: Sierra Madre, N. W. Mexico, 
Seemann 2015 (Kl ; photo. MINI; isotypes: GHl Kl). 

Baccharis Thomasii Klatt, Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 15: 326. 
1881. Type: MEXICO: State of Vera Cruz: Orizaba, 1866, 
Thomas s. n. (Pi; photo. MINI). 

Hemibaccharis torquis Blake, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 
550. £JL:. 51^ 1924. Archibaccharis torquis Blake, ibid. 23: 
1508. 1926. Type: COSTA RICA: Prov. of San Jose: "hospice 
des alienes," San Jose, Nov. 1892, Tonduz 1535 (USi; photo. MINI 
UCl; isotypes: Fl Gl GHl NYl Pi). 

ARCHIBACCHARIS SERRATIFOLIA (H.B.K.) Blake, Contr. U. S. Nat. 

Herb. 26: 236. 1930. 

Baccharis serratifolia H.B.K. , Nov. Gen. & Sp. 4: 59. 1820. 
Type: MEXICO: State of Guanajuato: on steep slopes between 
Santa Rosa and Los loares, ele. ca. 2600 m, Sept., no year cited, 
H.B.K. 31 (Pi). 

Baccharis mucronata H.B.K., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 4: 60. 1820. 
Hemibaccharis mucronata (H.B.K.) Blake, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 
20: 550-551. 1924. Archibaccharis mucronata (H.B.K.) Blake, 
ibid. 23: 1508. 1926. Type: MEXICO: State of Guanajuato: 
growing with H.B.K. no. 31, H.B.K. 32 (Pi; photo. MSCi). 

Baccharis micrantha H.B.K., Nov. Gen. & Sp. 4: 60. 1820. 
Type: MEXICO: State of Guanajuato: near Guanajuato, ele. ca. 
2000 m, Sept., no year cited, H.B.K. 33 (Pi). 

Pluchea floribunda Hemsl. , Diag. PI. Mex. 2: 32-33. 1879. 
Lectotype: MEXICO: State of Vera Cruz: Mirador, Linden 1171 
as part of a mixed sheet including Galeotti 2308 , also 
A. serratifolia (Kl ; photo. MINI; isolectotypes: Gl Pi). 

Diplostephium paniculatum Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. 23: 8-9. 
1897. Hemibaccharis mucronata paniculata (Donn. Smith) Blake, 
Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 20: 551. 1924. Archibaccharis mucronata 
paniculata (Donn. Smith) Blake, ibid. 23: 1508-1509. 1926. 
Archibaccharis mucronata var. paniculata (Donn. Smith) Blake, 
Amer. Journ. Bot. 15: 64. 1928. Archibaccharis serratifolia 
var. paniculata (J. D. Sra.) Blake, Journ. Washington Acad. Sci. 
21: 328. 1931. Type: GUATEMALA: Dept. Huehuetenango: between 
San Martfn and Todos Santos, ele. 2180-2656 m, Dec. 1895, Nelson 
3629 (USi; photo. MINI; isotype: GHl). 



298 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

ARCHIBACCHARIS HIRTELLA (DC.) Heer. var. ALBESCENS J. D. Jackson, 

var. nov. 

Caullbus glabratls Infra, turn paulo sordldls-pllosls 
albescenClbus-pllosls desuper et In ramls, folils maxlme 
ellipticis sed Interdum oblongis-ovatis vel rare ovatis, 
tenuiter charteceis, sparsim albidis-pilosis in superis et 
infernis paglnes et stipitatis-glandiferis atque infra, 
phyllariis glabris. 

Type: MEXICO: State of Oaxaca: oak woods. Sierra de 
Clavellinas, ele. 2812 m, 18 Oct. 1894, Pringle A988 (MINI; 
isotypes: BMl Gl GHl Kl MICHi MOl MSCl NYl Pi POMl UCl). 

Scandent vines; 50-70 dm tall; pilosulous, the hairs sordid 
below becoming whitish above on the branches and leaves. Roots 
fibrous. Stems strongly fractiflex, terete, the bases 3.0-8.0 
mm in diam. , graduating to 1.0-2.5 mm above, slender, the inter- 
nodes 1.0-7.5 cm long, dull, brown or gray-brown below, brown 
or green above, glabrescent below, pilosulous above. Leaves 
with petioles 1.5-6.0 mm long, pilosulous; blades usually ellip- 
tical but sometimes oblong-ovate or ovate, 3.5-6.5 cm long, 1.0- 
2.5 cm wide, thinly chartaceous, obtuse at bases, acuminate or 
just acute at apices, margins often subentire throughout or 
merely sparsely denticulate, distally serrate or serrulate, the 
upper surfaces dark-green, somewhat shiny, sparsely pilosulous 
with some glandular hairs on the major lateral veins, the lower 
surfaces lighter green, sparsely pilosulous and rather evenly 
stipitate-glandular, the glands amber. Panicles rather small 
and close, pilosulous. Pistillate heads : 3.5-4.0 mm high, ca. 
2.0 mm wide, phyllaries ca. 5-seriate, acute, the outer lanceo- 
late and glabrous, the inner linear- lanceolate and glabrous; 
filiform ray flowers 9-14, pappus 2.0-2.7 mm long, whitish 
becoming brown-tinged, corollas 1.3-1.9 mm long, green-white 
becoming dark-purple especially above at maturity, puberulous 
only near the apices, the ligules present or absent, 0.1-0.4 mm 
long, achenes 0.8-1.2 mm long, 2-3 nerved, shiny and finely 
hispidulous; disk flowers 1-2, pappus 2.0-2.8 mm long, corollas 
2.6-3.3 mm long, anthers sterile, achenes inane. Staminate 
heads : 3.5-4.0 mm high, 2.0-2.5 mm wide, phyllaries ca. 4- 
seriate, resembling those of the pistillate heads; disk flowers 
11-16, green-white becoming dark-purple especially above at 
maturity, pappus 1.9-2.2 mm long, whitish becoming brown-tinged, 
tubes 0.9-1,8 mm long, puberulous above, limb 1.2-1.6 imn long, 
puberulous below, lobes oblong or barely linear, 1,0-1,3 mm 
long, dorsally glabrous, style branches rhombic-oblong, short- 
acuminate or acute, achenes abortive, small knobs. 

Chromosome number: n - 9 (Jackson, 1969). Published origi- 
nally as Archibaccharis hirtella (DC.) Heer, var. intermedia 
Blake. 

Pollen diameters (microns): polar, 15.0-20,0; equatorial, 
16,7-21.0; Jackson 1025 . Smith 259 . 

This variety of Archibaccharis hirtella is a long, slender- 
stemmed vine which climbs over shrubs. The floral morphology 
matches that of the other varieties of A. hirtella very well. 



1971; 



Jackson, Notes on Archibaccharis 



299 




X!' w.i: 



Fig. 1. Holotype of Archibaccharis hirtella var. albescens . 



300 PHYTOLOGIA Vol» 28, no. 3 

Although closely resembling A^ hlrtella var, taeniotricha from 
Chiapas, Mexico and Guatemala in vegetative characters, this new 
variety proved to be consistently different in a few characters. 
The stems are whitish pilosulous above as are the leaves. The 
abundant stipitate-glandular hairs on the lower leaf surfaces 
are lacking on var. taeniotricha , a taxon with densely sordid or 
brown-pilosulous hairs on the stems and thicker, larger leaves. 
The present variety also possesses glabrous outer phyllaries 
while those of var. taeniotricha are noticeably pilosulous. 

Blake (1934, p. 434) cited Pringle 4988 and Smith 259 as 
var. taeniotricha . These collections are now referred to var. 
albescens and the MIN sheet of Pringle 4988 was selected as the 
holotype. 

Growing in oak woods and in a moist, wooded barranca near 
moving water, 1750-2745 m ele., known only from Sierra de San 
Felipe and Sierra de Clavellinas, State of Oaxaca, Mexico. 

MEXICO: State of Oaxaca: Oaxaca, Conzatti & Gonzalez 997 
(GHl); moist, wooded barranca along Rio Puente, Sierra de San 
Felipe del Agua, Jackson 1025 (B, BM, C, DS, F, G, GH, K, MICH, 
MIN, MO, MSC, NY, P, POM, TEX, UC, US, WIS); Sierra de 
Clavellinas, Smith 259 (BM, MICH, MO, NY, UC, US, WIS). 

ARCHIBACCHARIS LINEARILOBIS J. D. Jackson, sp. nov. 

Herba erecta(?); caulibus, foliis, pedicullis dense glandi- 
feris-pubescentibus; corollis florum filiformum capitum pisti- 
llatorum 3.9-4.6 mm longis; lobis florum hermaphroditorum disci 
capitum staminatorum linearlbus vel raro oblongls, 1.7-2.2 mm 
longis. 

Type: GUATEMALA: Dept. Huehuetenango : steep, rocky slopes 
along road to San Juan Ixcoy, Sierra Cuchumantanes, ele. 3700 m, 
12-23 Jan. 1966, Molina , Burger & Wallenta 16446 (Fl photo. MINI; 
isotype: NYl). 

Erect ligneous herbs(?); ca. 15 dm tall; densely glandular- 
pubescent, the sordid hairs mixed with white or brown pilosu- 
lous hairs; subterranean parts and bases not seen. Stems 
straight or obscurely fractiflex above, terete, 1.5-3.5 mm in 
diam. above, dull, dark-brown or lighter, glandular-pubescent. 
Leaves with short petioles, 1,0-3.0 mm long, thickly glandular- 
pubescent; blades ovate, oblong-ovate or elliptical, 3.5-6.0 cm 
long, 1.5-3.0 cm wide, firmly chartaceous, shallowly cordate or 
rarely rounded at bases, short acuminate at apices, margins 
serrulate distally, the upper surfaces dark-green or perhaps 
sordid olive-green, somewhat shiny, glandular-pubescent, the 
lower surfaces dark-green and sordid, duller than the upper 
surfaces, glandular-pubescent. Panicles convex, densely 
glandular-pubescent. Pistillate heads : ca. 6.0 mm high, 3.0 
mm wide, phyllaries ca. 4-seriate, acute or acuminate, the outer 
triangular, ovate-oblong becoming lanceolate, puberulous with 
superficial brown glands, the inner linear-lanceolate and 
becoming glabrous; filiform ray flowers 30-40, pappus 3.4-4.8 
mm long, white or perhaps light-yellow, corollas 3.9-4,6 mm 
long, white, puberulous above, the ligules erect or obliquely 



197U 



Jackson, Notes on Archibaccharis 



301 




^ lEVISION 0* AICHUACCMAIIS 



O U * T E M A I A 



( UK \(.i> 

S \ll V\\ IIIMOK^ 
Ml M 1 \l 



Fig. 2. Holotype of Archibaccharis linearilobls . 



302 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

reflexed, 1.5-2.0 rmn long, achenes Immature, 1.1-1.4 mm long, 
trigonous, shiny and hispidulous; disk flowers 2, pappus 3.6-4.0 
mm long; corollas 3.9-4.2 mm long, anthers sterile, achenes 
abortive, reduced and inane. Staminate heads : ca. 7.0 mm high, 
5.0 mm vide; phyllaries 4-5-seriate, resembling those of the 
pistillate heads; filiform ray flowers ca. 9; pappus 3.4-3.8 mm 
long, corollas 5.1-5.8 mm long, achenes apparently infertile; 
disk flowers ca. 36, white, pappus 3.8-4.4 imn long, white or 
perhaps light-yellow, tubes 1.9-2.2 mm long, puberulous above, 
limb 2.6-3.0 mm long, puberulous below, lobes linear, rarely 
oblong, 1.7-2.2 mm long, sparsely puberulous near the apices of 
the dorsal surfaces, style branches subclavellate or oblong, 
abruptly acute, achenes abortive, reduced and inane. 

Pollen diameters (microns): polar, 22.2-28.9; equatorial, 
24.4-32.1; Molina , Burger & Wallenta 16446 . 

Archibaccharis linearilobis shares some vegetative and floral 
characters with A^ subsessilis , a species with which it is 
sympatric, at least in a portion of the range of that species. 
The head composition of the present species parallels that 
found in A^ subsessilis and A^ corymbosa with constant presence 
of heterogamous heads on both pistillate and staminate plants. 
As with those species, the heads present a diminished monoecious 
condition. The type collection of Aj_ linearilobis was distrib- 
uted as A^ corymbosa . 

The specific epithet "linearilobis " refers to the distinctive 
linear lobes found on the disk flowers of the staminate heads. 

When the cotton blue test was applied to the pollen from the 
staminate specimen of A. linearilobis (NY), ca. 92 per cent of 
the grains were found to be full, thus reducing the probability 
that the specimens were of hybrid origin. Although only a 
single sample of the pollen of Aj_ linearilobis was available, 
there was a marked difference in the size of the grains when 
compared to those of A^ subsessilis . 

Although Aj^ linearilobis is known only from the type collec- 
tion, a single specimen from an additional collection, Breedlove 
8515 (MICH), is nearly identical to the present species. This 
pistillate specimen, however, appears different with angled 
stems, thicker and harsher leaves, much larger heads and larger 
floral measurements. The giant characters perhaps suggest a 
polyploid origin for this specimen. Further collections are 
needed . 



Literature Cited 

Blake, S. F. 1934. New Asteraceae from Guatemala collected by 
A. F, Skutch. Journ. Washington Acad. Sci. 24: 433-435. 

Jackson, J. D. 1969. lOPB Chromosome Number Reports. Taxon 
18: 435. 



NOTES ON NEVf AND NOTETffOKTHY PLAOTS . LXVIII 
Harold N. Moldenke 



LIPPIA VINOSA 1/oldenke, sp. nov. 

Suffrutex 1 m. altus; ramis ramulisque dense brunneo-hiiTsutulisj 
foliis decussato-oppositis vel ternatis; petiolis brevissimis 
dense hirsutulis; laminis foliorum crassiusculis ovalibus usque ad 
6 cm. longis h cm. latis supra dense scabrido-put escentibus, sub- 
tus densissime velutino-tomentosis, margine regulariter serrulatis, 
ad apicem acutis vel obtusis ad basin subcordulatis, reticulo 
venularum supra impresso; inflcrescentiis axillaribus pedunculatis 
dense capitatis. 

Subshrub, about 1 m. tallj branches and branchlets subtetragon- 
al, very densely hirsutulous with brownish wide-spreading hairs; 
principal intemodes 3.5 — 6 cm. long; leaves decussate-opposite or 
ternate; petioles short, 5 — 6 mm. long, densely hirsutulous like 
the branches; leaf -blades rather thick- textured but not stiff, 
oval in shape, dark-green above, grayish beneath, to 6 cm. long and 
li cm, wide when mature, acute or rounded-obtuse (when young) at the 
apex, obscurely subcordulate at the base and somewhat cuneately 
prolonged into the petiole, regularly rounded-senruiate from almost 
the base to the apex, roughly pubescent above with bulbous-based 
hairs, very densely velvety- tomentose beneath; vein and veinlet 
reticulation impressed above and prominulent beneath; inflorescence 
axillary, 2 or 3 per node, shorter than the subtending leaves, to 
about 3 cm. long when mature; peduncles slender, 1 — ? cm. long, 
densely hirsutulous with brownish spreading hairs like the branches; 
heads capitate, about 1 cm. long and wide, densely many-flowered; 
bractlets rather large, oval, about 6 mm. long and 3 nun. wide, very 
densely strigose-pubescent, acute at the apex; corolla hypocrateri- 
form, wine-red, the tube about 6 mm. long, the limb 1.5 ram. wide. 

The type of this species was collected by Gert Hatschbach and 
0. GuimarSes ( no. 2ii621) on a campo at Terenos, Mato Grosso, Bra- 
zil, on August 13, 1970, and is deposited in my personal herbarium 
at Plainfield, New Jersey. Its general aspect is much like that 
of some species of I^ptis. 

STACHYTARPHETA ANDERSONII Moldenke, sp. nov. 

Fruticulus, caule solitario gracile dense puberulento; foliis 
oppositis crassiusculis firmis ellipticis undique puberulentis ad 
apicem argute acutis vel breviter acuminatis, ad basin attenuatis, 
margine integerrimis vel minutissime serrulatis; inflcrescentiis 
spicatis, spicis densissime multifloris suigustis; bracteis lanceo- 
latis perspicuis; corollis caeruleis hypocraterif ormibus . 

Single-stemmed low shrub, to 60 en. tall; stems slender, obtuse- 
ly tetragonal, very densely brownish-pubemlent throughout, with a 
few short and erect branches at or near the apex which are similar 
to the stem in texture aind puberulence; principal internodes rather 
uniform, about U cm. long, each with a pair of leavesj leaves de- 

303 



30U P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. 3 

cus sate-opposite, the blades very firm or even subcoriaceous in 
texture when dry, probably fleshy when fresh, uniformly green on 
both surfaces, elliptic, 6 — 8 cm. long, 3 — k cm. wide, very sharp- 
ly acute or short-acuninate at the apex, entire or with a few 
very minute teeth occasionally above the middle, attenuate into 
the petiole at the base, very minutely but rather densely puberu- 
lent on both surfaces, often with a few scattered circular glands 
beneath, the venation obscure above, only the midrib and lower 
portions of the U or 5 secondaries somewhat prominxilous beneath; 
inflorescence terminal, spicate, the spikes 22 — 3$ cm. long or 
longer, slender, very densely many- flowered; peduncles short, 
1.5 — 2 cm. long, resembling the stems and branches in size, tex- 
ture, and puberulencej rachis slender but quite deeply sculptur- 
ed beneath each flower; bracts lanceolate, very conspicuous, 
closely imbricate, 1 — 1.5 en. long, about 1.5 mm. wide, long- 
acuminate or aristate at the apex, minutely puberulent on the 
outside, rather conspicuously s carious -margined from the base to 
the apex; corolla hypocrateriform, blue, its tube about 1 cm. 
long, the limb about 1 cm. wide. 

The type of this distinctive species was collected by William 
R. Anderson ( no. 7105 ) — in whose honor it is named — in the 
cerrado in an area of cerrado and grassy campo traversed by a 
small stream, at about 600 meters altitude, 2 — li km. by road 
north of Fxinil and the Rio Parani on the Planalto do Brasil, 
Golds, Brazil, on March lU, 1973, and is deposited in the her- 
bsu-ium of the Universidade de Brasilia in Brasilia, Brazil. 

STACHYTARPHETA JAMAICENSIS f . PAR7IFL0RA Moldenke, f. nov. 

Haec forma a forma typica specie! corollis dimidium brevior- 
ibus recedit. 

This form differs from the typical form of the sp)ecies in 
having its corollas much shorter, usually only about half as long. 

The type of the form was collected by F. R. Fosberg & D. R. 
Stoddart ( no. 5U896) on greatly disturbed coral gravel in the a- 
rea back of the docks on Canton Island, Fhoenix Islands, Central 
Pacific, on June 10, 1973, and is deposited in the United States 
National Herbarium as sheet no. 2680l;07. My wife and I found the 
same fonn in one very large roadside colony in Ceylon earlier 
this year, its small flowers making it quite distinctive. 

STAC HIT ARPHETA LACUNOSA var. ATTENUATA Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typical speciei laminis foliorum ad basin 
attenuato-acutis vel subcuneatis recedit. This variety differs from 
the typical fom of the species in having its leaf-blades attenuate 
acute or subcuneate at the base. 

The type of the variety was collected by H. S. Irwin, R. Reis 
dos Santos, R. Souza, & S. F. de Fonseca (no. 22157 ) on rocky slopes 
with soil-filled pockets and crevices about 12 km. southwest of Dia- 
mantina, at 1370 m. altitude, on the Planalto do Brasil, Minas Gera- 
is, Brazil, on January 18, 1969, and is deposited in the Britton Her- 
barium of the New York Botanical Garden; shrub 1 m., locally common. 



BOOK REVIEWS 
Alma L. Moldenke 



"RXKf MOUIITAIH TREES — A Handbook of the Native Species with 
Plates &: Distribution Maps" by Richard J. Preston Jr., Ixxi 
& 281i pp., illus., Replication Edition by Dover Publications 
Inc., New York, N. Y. lOOlLi. I968 . 4J.3.00 paperbound. 

This unabridged revised replication of the second and revised 
edition of 19li7 from the Iowa State College Press can now become 
again a popular companion in the field because the drawings came 
through excellently, the keys are just as workable, and the de- 
scriptions are easy to follow, yet well detailed. 



"THE FUTCUS-GRO'WING ANTS OF NORTH AMERICA" by William Morton 

Wheeler, ix & I36 pp. i plates, illus.. Replication Edition 
by Dover Publications Inc., New York, N. Y. lOOlU. 1973. 
$2.50 paperbound. 

This is an unabridged republication of this famous paper which 
first appeared as article XXXI in the Biilletin of the American Kus- 
eum of Natural History, Volume XXIII, in 1907. A new detailed 
Table of Contents has been added. The 6$ figures, including both 
photographs and drawings, reproduced reasonably well. 

These many and vailed Attii are mostly neotropical even though 
some are found south into Argentina and north into New Jersey. 
They ail "have developed a complex of instinctive activities which 
enables them to draw upon an ever-present inexhaustible food-supply 
through utilizing the foliage of plants as a substratum for the 
cultivation of edible fungi. No wonder therefore, that, having 
emancipated themselves from the precarious diet of other ants 
which subsist on insects, the sweet exudations of plants and the 
excrement of phytophthorous Rhynchota , the Attii have become the 
dominant invertebrates of tropical America." 

How good for the upcoming students — formal or informal — in 
entomology, biology, ecology, etc, to have this wonderful study 
now so easily available I 



"ARISTOCRATS OF TIE TREES" by Ernest H. Alison, xxi &c 279 pp., il- 
lus.. Replication Edition by Dover Publications Inc., New 
York, N, Y, lOOlli. 1971^. $3.50 paperbound. 

This aristocrat of books which was originally published in 1930 
and is here republished unabridged except for the omission of the 
colored frontispiece, is definitely to be welcomed. Uairy people 
from many walks of life besides arborists have been and now can 

305 



306 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

continue to be provided with pleasure and information through 
the reissuance of this splendid book. 



"INTRODUCTION TO LTSHROOL' HUOTING" by Vera K. Charles, 60 pp., 
illus., Replication Edition by Dover Publications Inc., New 
York, N. Y. lOOlii. 191h. $1.25 paperbound. 

This is an xinabridged republication of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture Circular No. Ili3 entitled "Some Common Mushrooms and 
How to Know Them" in its 19it6 revision. 

This work has long appealed primarily to amateur fungiphiles 
and general naturalists. Its textual descriptions are still good 
today in comparison with those of more recent books. Its h9 
photographic figures suffer somewhat in comparison with those in 
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clature. Consequently this amazingly inexpensive book can best 
be reccmmended as an 'extra' rather than a 'prime' guide for 
mushroom himting . 



"SEASONS" text by Hal Borland Sc photographs by Les Line, 126 pp., 
illus., J. B. Lippincott, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
19105. 1973. $lii.95. 

Among the world's many naturalists and persons of related 
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work, but there are so very few who are able to share with their 
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sonal expectations of repeated experiences throughout the pro- 
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these approaches alone would have been well worthy of publication, 
but their integration into this oversized book of excellent 
printing is so much the better, 

'iVhat a lovely gift this would make to share with friends! 



"THRIPS: Their Biology, Ecology and Economic Importance" by 

Trevor Lewis, xv & 3U9 pp., illus.. Academic Press, London 
H.m & New York, N. Y. 10003. 1973. o- 10.55 or $22.00. 

"Thrips" complements "the hitherto largely descriptive works 
on the order Thysanoptera , by presenting thrips as living animals, 
stressing the behaviour of individuals and populations, their 
varied and complex relationships with plants, other animals, and 
the physical components of their environment, their abundance in 



197U Koldenke, Book reviews 307 

undisturbed and in cultivated habitats, and their economic impor-i 
tance as pests [about l/lO of known species widely recognized the 
world over] and beneficial insects [a smaller proportion that prey- 
on harmful thrips and other arthropod pests and a few phytophagous 
species exploited to control weeds, and the pollinators]... 

"To encourage general entomologists, ecologlsts and agricultur- 
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interest illustrative examples have been chosen from a great vari- 
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This is an excellent reference work with a huge bibliography, 
indexes, and appendices on specijnen oreservation, thrip predator- 
parasite and thrip predator-prey lists, chemical control, and 
synonymy and common names . 



"MAINE PARADISE: Mount Desert Island and Acadia National Park" by 
Russell D. Putcher, 96 pp., illus., A Studio Book by Viking 
Press, New York, N. Y. 10022. 1972. $10.95. 

"May this book created with such love, beauty, and understand- 
ing, become a vade mecun for all fortunate enough to visit or 
live on Mount Desert Island" writes Carl Buchheiser in his Prelude. 

The author describes the area throuo;h the telling of its his- 
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gramming within Acadia National Fark which now occupies about half 
of Mount Desert Island and parts of some satellite islands. The 
author also has provided some of the SS beautiful color photographs. 
The others and some attractive line drawings are provided by the 
artist, Marie Ivey Menzietti. 



"WILDFLOWERS OF LOUISIANA and Adjoining States" by Clair A. Brown, 
xl & 2U7 pp., illus., Louisiana State University Press, Baton 
Rouge, Louisiana 70803. 1972. $10.00. 

For this popularly oriented and yet professionally prepared 
work over 500 flowering plants are attractively photographed in 
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the book can be used in the field by several kinds and levels of 
students, amateurs and quick visiting botanists. They are chosen 
from a kno'/m flora of 3,000 species in a suspected flora of U,500 
species. For every illustration there are at least three voucher 
specimens deposited in the herbaria of the local university, the 
Smithsonian Institution and the New York Botanical Garden. The 
nomenclature employed follows that of H. Rickett's "\'fild Flowers 
of the United btates". Volume 2, "The Southeastern States". 
Blooming times, habitats, and appearance in neighboring Texas, 
Arkansas and Mississippi are noted. There is even space left be- 
low the descriptions for personal obseirvations . 

Surely this book is beaded for much successful usage. 



308 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

"THE FRUITS OF THE HOLY LAND" by Asaph Goor & Max Nurock, iii & 
293 pp., illus., Israel Universities Press, London, New York 
& Jerusalem P. 0. Box 71ii5, Israel. 1968. 

From the Old Testament, Mishna, Talmud particulatly, and from 
other vsLLid sources the authors trace interestingly the horticul- 
tural and religio-ciiltural history of these edible plant products. 

"The Land of Israel is acknowledged to be within two principal 
centres of the origin of cuiltivated plants, namely, the Llediter- 
ranean Basin and the liiddle East, It has probably given birth it- 
self to some of them, such as the carob, olive, azarole, jujube 
and almond. 

"In the Bronze Age [Chalcolithic UOOO — 1200 B.C.] ....from India 
and Egypt [came] the fig and pomegranate, the citron [or etrog] 
and date. From the north and north-east came the vine, the apple, 
the pear and peach, the pistachio, the plum, the mulberry, the 
quince and the walnut. During the six hundred years of the Israel- 
ite period, coinciding roughly with the Iron Age [1200 — 600 B.C.], 
and through the twelve centuries of the Persian and Greek, the 
Roman and Byzantine periods, this 'immigration' went on". The 
banana, apricot and almond are also discussed. Additional re- 
search may provide more surety in these matters in the future. 

There are excellent documentaries, black/white illustrations 
that come from ancient woodcuts, hieroglyphics, mosaics, etc. 

This work certainly should appeal to readers with many differ- 
ent interests frrai botar^ to history to fructicxilture to Zionism. 



"PUOT NAMES: COMMON AND UNCOMMON" 2nd Edition compiled by Sonia 
Wedge, i & 31 pp.. New York Botanical Garden Library, Bronx 
Park, New York, N. Y. lOU^S. 197U. $1.50 paperbound. 

This enlarged and improved new edition of over 1,000 entries 
grew, as did the first one, at the telephone-reference desk of 
the New York Botanical Garden library in answer to questions 
from returning tourists, editors, cross-word puzzle fans, 
gardeners, etc. 

Space between entries makes for clean format and for easy 
reading as well as for adding one's own newly acquired entries. 
The bibliograply gives further and collaborating information. 



"ANNUAL REGISTER OF GRANT SUPPORT 1973- 7li" 7th Edition edited by 
Deanna Sclar & Staff, xiii & 828 pp.. Academic Media, Orange, 
New Jersey 070^0, or Sherman Oaks, California 911^03. 1973. 
$39 .UO. 

That is a big price for a book without colored plctvtres, but 
this is a very big book with obviously no need for such chromatic 
illustrations but with well organized information about gold mines 
instead. It is a "must" for academic and project libraries. It 
is a great time-saver and a directory of possibly unknown, little 



197U Molaenke, Book reviews 309 

known, as well as well known sources of non-repayable financial 
aid from 1,581 chanters controlling several thousand opportvmities 
in the humanities, the social sciences, the pure and applied sci- 
ences (biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, physiography), 
the health and medical sciences, geographical and other area 
studies , and the burgeoning and ramifying environmental studies . 
The material is again reorganized topically in four different 
indexes . 

This compilation renders a great service. 



"THE PHYLOGENY AND CLASSIFICATION OF THE FERfK" edited by A. C. 
Jenny, J. A, Crabbe & B. A. Thomas, xiv & 28U pp., iUus., 
Academic Press, London NWI & New York, N. Y. 10003. 1973 
[197li]. ^12.00 or $25.00. 

This book includes the 13 papers with relevauit additional 
references offered to the Symposium on the Phylogeny and Classi- 
fication of the Filicopsida held jointly by the British Pterido- 
logical Society and the Linnean Society of London in April 1972 
and is published as Supplement I to the Botanical Journal of the 
Linnean Society, Volume 67, 1973, but actually not appearing 
until February 197U. 

The papers reflect historical review (Pichi Sermolli), orien- 
tation (Holttura), present thought trends in fern evolution and 
systematic s (the Tryons) and also point to future developments 
(Wagner). Stomatal types, gametophytic types, spore types, bio- 
chemical types, etc., are considered systematically as are also 
such groups as Aspidiaceae , Aspleniaceae , Dennstaedtiaceae and 
Cheilanthaceae . 

There is a great deal of valuable material, well written and 
well indexed, between these book covers. 



"GRASSES OF THE SOUTH/ffiSTERN UNITED STATES" by Frank W. Gould, 

352 pp., illus.. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, Arizo- 
na 85722. 1973 Reprint. 13.95 paperbound. 

Because of the relatively recent "demand outrunning supply", 
this valuable work has been reprinted with a flexible paper cover. 
So now the same fine keys, descriptions, almost a hundred many- 
parted clear drawings by L. B. Hamilton, bibliography, glossary 
and index are all freshly available to the many who will yrant and 
need this book as a guide for their study and/or enjoyment. 



"RESEARCH EXPERIENCES IN PLANT PHYSIOLOGY: A Laboratory Manual" 
by Thomas C. Koore, xi & ii62 pp., illus.. Springer Verlaig 
Inc.. Heidelberg, Berlin & New York, N. Y, 10010. 197U. 
$9 .50 paperbound S: with 3-holea removable "lab" sheets, 

X lanned for advanced undergraduate and graduate plant physiolo- 



310 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

gy courses by the author who has taught many such and who is 
strongly conyinced that "each exercise should be sufficiently 
comprehensive in design and include adequate replication to be re- 
alistically instructive about the principle or process under study 
or the technique being practiced..,," yet allowing for "a diver- 
sity of exercises adequate to cover the most major topics." 

Typical of the 25 exercises is "Induction of an Amylase in 
Aleurone Cells of Barley Grains by Gibberellin" and typical of the 
questions in the Report is "Ti'/hat specific and unequivocal conclusi- 
ons can be made about the effects of actinomycin D and cyclohexi- 
mide which vere observed?" It is well supported with directions 
and bibliographer and it can be adapted effectively to a wide range 
of professors, texts and equipment. 



"A FU)Rk OF SOUTIERN ILLINOIS" by Robert H. Mohlenbrock & John W. 
Voigt, ix & 390 pp., illus.. Southern Illinois University 
Press, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 or Edwardsville, Illinois 
62025. 197li. $3.95 paperback. 

This is just the paperback Arcturus Books Edition, copied by 
offset from the original 1959 form that has been much used, espec- 
ially locally, by almost a generation of botany classes and related 
ones in conservation, forestry, etc., botanists and amateurs, or 
visiting naturalists. It is good to have this fine work so readily 
and inexpensively available again. 



"TROPICAL CROPS: L'onocotyledons" Volume I by J. W. Purseglove, x & 
23U pp., illus., Halsted Press of John V/iley & Sons, Inc., New 
York, N. Y. 10016. 1973. $12.00. 

The author, who has spent his professional life in various 
tropical posts, has herein provided the basic information on the 
botany, origin, distribution, and agronomy for the alphabetically ar- 
ranged monocot crop plants from the Agavaceae through the Grairdneae . 
There are 32 pages of fine quality drawings made from living mater- 
ials by K. Wong. 

"One of the great difficulties experienced in many parts of the 
tropics is the lack or scarcity of library facilities. It is hoped 

that this work [which is really excellent, will provide] some 

basic information which is not readily accessible elsewhere." 



"PIULODiiNDRONS" by Jack Kramer, ii ^c 8? pp., illus., Charles Scrib- 
ner's Sons, New York, N. Y. 1001?. 197i;. $5.95. 

This is a small, attractively illustrated and arranged, descrip- 
tive book on the many kinds of vining and self heading (misspelled 
in Contents) philodendrons now horticulturally available as house 
and patio plants. Planting directions and care are explicit. Even 
mail-order suppliers are listed from five very different sections 



197U Moldenke, Book reviews 311 

of the country. 



"UMDER'.VATER GARDEMS: Planning and Planting Your Aquarium" by Jack 
Kramer, iv & 85 pp., illus., Charles Jcribner's Sons, Hew 
York, N. Y. 10017. 197U. *6.95. 

This oversized attractive book may prove to be a happy deter- 
ent to the growing fad of aquairla serviced by huge pumps, several 
tj-pes of fish foods and unrealistic plastic "plants". 

This book advocates the "natural biotope aquariimi" with listed 
and described plants chosen to match the natural habitats of the 
fishes displayed. "From I'.alaysia, Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Bor- 
neo, New Guinea and Ceylon come most of our aquarium plants and 

fish from lakes, rivers, and swamps in these tropical lands". 

But then, it is distressing to read of them as "seascapes" with 
nothing marine about themi Directions for care, as well as 
sources, of both plants and fish are given. 



"FRESITA'ATER ECOLOGY" Second Edition by T . T . Kacan, viii & 3U3 
pp., illus., Halsted Press of John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New 
York, N. Y. 10016. 197U. $10.95 paperbound. 

Modernly updated in content and with a thorough bibliography, 
this new edition still hardlj*- ever mentions any plants that have 
to be in the environments of the discussed animalsl 

The price is outrageously high. 



"25 VEGETABLES AMYOIE CAN GROliT" by Ann Roe Robbins, viii ?: 216 

pp., illus.. Replication Edition by Dover Publications, Inc., 
New York, N. Y. lOOlli. 197U. $2.00 paperbound. 

This work was first presented in 19li2 expressedly for the ama- 
teur at a time when "Victory Gardens" sprang with seeds, green 
thumbs, aching backs, great zeal, and such guidance as this book 
offered in city lots, in lieu of flower gardens and on front 
lawns. 

Now with inflation and the return to the soil (mostly by folks 
who have never been there) movements simple sound directions such 
as these should be very helpful. Academics who are so often 
asked "How to..." questions can seLfely recommend this work as a 
dependable guide. 



"STRUCTURE ANE FUNCTION OF PUNI CELLS IN SALINi: HABITATS: New 
Trends in the Study of Salt Tolerance" by Boris Petrovich 
«^trogonov ^'^ edited by B. Gollek, vi & 281i pp., illus., Halsted 
Press of John V/iley & Sons, Inc., New York, N. Y. 10016, 1973. 
$30.00. 



312 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 3 

The book was translated in 1970 by A. Mercado from the orig- 
inal Russian under the auspices of the Israel Program for bcien- . 
tific Translations. 

Because this is a relatively new interdisciplinary field depen- 
dent upon advanced precise physiochemical procedures, complex 
equipment and quite new approaches that are now available, much 
new infonnation and subsequent ideas should be forthcoming soon^ 

The book considers salt tolerance in cells, tissues, and whole 
plants in vivo and in vitro in connection with nitrogen, carbohy- 
drate organic acids, nucleic acid, and protein metabolisms, with 
plastid and soluble pigments, with sulfur conversion, and with 
the chemistry of necrosis . 

There is a very full bibliography and a long index which is 
faulted because it includes very few scientific names and even 
these few are not distinctively italicized. From consulting it 
one cannot be sure whether and mangrove genera, for instance, are 
even consideredl Figure 87 is a fascinating, and possibly still 
partly biochemically fanciful chart of a Scheme of Toxic and 
Protective Mechanisms in Plant Cells under Saline Conditions, 



"HISTOni OF ENTOMOLOGY" edited by Ray F. Smith, Thomas E. Mittler 
& Carroll N. Smith, viii & 517 pp., illus.. Entomological 
Society of America cooperating with Annual Reviews, Inc., 
Palo Alto, California 9U306. 1973. ^12,00 V.SJl, prepaid 
and $12.50 elsewhere prepaid. 

7rtiat a storehouse of valuable and interestingly presented in- 
formation this is I 

The 20 papers by 25 authors of worldwide range and renown 
survey first early entomology in East Asia, the Middle East, and 
the Western V^'orld; later the early naturalists, anatomists with 
their lenses, and systematists; and then, more modernly, morpho- 
logy, physiology, paleontology, ecology, genetics and ethology. 
So little attention is given to the insect role in pollinationl 
There is a treatise on biological, but not chemical, control. 
There are also surveys on applied entomology: agricultural, for- 
est, medico-veterinary, and apiculture. 

Inevitably some basic ideas are repeated but very few details 
are presented repetitiouslj/. Each paper has a carefully compiled 
bibliography and items are well indexed. 

This reasonably priced book is surely a "must" for academic 
and biologically professional libraries. Many entomologically 
interested folks will surely want personal copies. 



It 7*? / 

>/ ^? 

-j 



PHYTOLOGIA 

Designed tu expedite botanical publication 



Vol. 28 



August, 1974 



No. 4 



NEW YOKK AUG 1 5 19/4 

BOTANICAiJ 

(;ari>en 

CONTENTS 

BEETLE, A. A., Noteworthy grasses from Mexico II 313 

SMITH, L. B., Notes on Bromeliaceae, XXXVI 319 

HALE, M. E., Jr., New combinations in the lichen genus Parmotrema 

Massalongo 334 

HALE, M. E., Jr., Delimitation of the lichen genus Hypotrachyna 

( Vainio) Hale 340 

MOLDENKE, H. ^., Additional notes on the genus Verbena. XXII 343 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Notes on new and noteworthy plants. LXIX 401 

DEGENER, 0. & 1., Flotsam and jetsam of Canton Atoll, South Pacific . . 405 

DEGENER, 0. & L, Spathodea in Hawaii 419 

DEGENER, 0. & L, Bishop's "Inventory" 420 

MOLDENKE, A. L., Book reviews 422 



Published by Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke 



303 Parkside Road 

Plainfield, New Jersey 07060 

U.S.A. 



Price of this number $2.00; per volume, $8.50 in advance or $9 at close 
of volume; 50 cents extra to foreign addresses 



NOTEWORTHY GRASSES FROM MEXICO II 1 

Alan A. Beetle, Range Management Section, University of Wyoming, 
University Station, P. 0. Box 3354, Laramie, Wyoming, 82071. 



The first paper with this title can be found in Phytologia 
27(6) :441-444, Jan., 1974. All the Beetle collections mentioned 
hereafter are in the Range Management Herbarium at the University 
of Wyoming. 

ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. In 1842, Trinius and Ruprecht used the 
name Aristida dispersa Trin. & Rupr. to combine all the New World 
material of A. adscensionis and to distinguish this material from 
all the Old World material which was treated as A. vulgaris Trin. 
& Rupr. They confined A. adscensionis to its type locality on 
the Island of Ascension. 

In the Chase "Index to Grass species A. dispersa " is 

annotated "a group name including 5 varieties Henrard 

takes humilis as type of the group." A. vulgaris is a similar 
"group name" but no mention of this is made in the Chase Index. 
Although all 5 of the varieties listed under A. dispersa in 
Trin. & Rupr. are given varietal status in the Chase Index no 
mention is made of the 15 names given varietal status under 
A. vulgaris . Henrard gives A. canariensis Willd. as the type 
for A. vulgaris and both names, A. vulgaris and A. canariensis , 
become synonyms of A. adscensionis . 

Many collections of the adscensionis complex from North 
America, South America, the Old World and the type locality show 
the lateral awns to be not less than 10 ram. long, and the central 
awn usually not more that 15 mm. long, and to agree additionally 
in the upright habit, narrow and elongate inflorescence, and 
the generally smooth lemma except for the scabrosity on the keel. 
These plants represent A. adscensionis var. adscensionis as now 
recognized by Henrard (Monograph of the genus Aristida . Med. 
Van's Rijks Herb. Leiden 54A Vol. II. pgs. 331-335. 1932) and 
other authorities. Apparently A. adscensionis is native 
throughout its range since there is nearly equal development of 
geographic varieties in both the New World and the Old World. 

From the comparisons below, it is easy to imagine that 
something similar to the widespread var. adscensionis achieved 
the original dispersal of the species and that since, in three 
different geographical areas, there has been a segregation of 



Published with approval of the director, Wyoming Agricultural 
Experiment Station as Journal Article No. 678. 

313 



var. 
var. 


modesta 
coarctata 


var. 


interrupta 



var. 
var. 


modesta 
bromoides 


var. 


condensata 



311; P H Y T L a I A Vol. 28, no. h 

varieties which tend to parallel each other because they are 
arising from similar gene pools. 

New World Old World 

North America South America 

var. adscensionis var. adscensionis var. adscensionis 

var. pumila 

var. guineensis 

var. festucoides 



Key to the Mexican varieties of Aristida adscensionis 

Plants tall, the branching often above the base, the panicle open 
or if elongate, then interrupted 

Panicle not markedly elongate or markedly interrupted 

Panicle more or less compact, the branches short and erect 

Panicle green to purplish, the awns flexuous 

var. adscensionis 

Panicle often very dark purple, the awn stiff and 
strongly reflexed var. decolorata 

Panicle very open, loose, the branches long and flexuous 

var. coarctata 

Panicle markedly narrow, elongate (about 20 cm. long) and 
conspicuously interrupted with dense fascicles 

Awns 10-15 cm long, plants usually greenish 

var. interrupta 

Awns 15-20 cm long, plants often dark purple 

var. nigrescens 

Plants short, the branching primarily basal, the panicles single, 
dense, spikelike, with overlapping fascicles 

Awns varying from 6mm. to 15 mm. long, the short-awned form; 
common var. modesta 

Awns obsolete; rare var. abortiva 



197U Beetle, Grassos Iron L'.exico 315 

ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. ABORTIVA var. nov. 

A. adscensionls var. modesta Hack, similis sed setae lenunae 
abortivas. 

Type: Beetle M - 2403, Mexico, Baja California Sur, 5 
miles south of El Coyote on Bajia Concepcion. 

In California and northern Mexico, well within the total 
range of var. modesta occurs a plant which is similar in all 
respects except for the striking reduction of the lateral awns 
of the lemma. This plant was noted by Johnston (Journ. Arnold 
Arboretum 24:of page 401. 1943) as follows: "three collections 
cited above have the lateral awns minute or nearly wanting, but 
otherwise they agree closely with the specimens associated with 
them." The three collections mentioned are Pringle 390, 
Johnston 8252 and Johnston 8415. 

Aside from the type collection, the following have been 
seen: California: 11 miles west of Needles, Numz and Harwood 
3621. A collection of Wiggins, his number 9676, from the south 

end of the Coxcomb Mts. , 8 miles n.e. of Desert Center is 

intermediate between var. abort iva and var. modesta . 
Mexico: Baja California Sur, Beetle M - 2662, near La Paz at 

Coromul is intermediate between var. abort iva and var. 

modesta . 
Mexico: Durango, 8 miles north of Lerdo, Beetle M-1323. 



ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. ADSCENSIONIS 

Partial synonymy: 
A. adscensionls L. Sp. PI. 82. 1753. 
A. canariensis Willd. Enum. PI. 99. 1809. 
Chaetaria adscensionls (L.) Beauv. Ess. Agrost. 30. 1812. 
A. divarlcata Willd. misapplied by Jacq . Eclog. Gram. 7. pi. 6. 

1814, not A. divarlcata Humb. & Bonpl . 
A. humllls H.B.K. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 1:121. 1815. 
Chaetaria humllls (H.B.K.) R. & S. Syst. 2:396. 1817. 
A. fasciculata Torr. Ann; Lye. N.Y. 1:154. 1824. 
Chaetaria fasciculata (Torr.) Schult. Syst. Veg. 2:Mant. Addlt. 

1:578. 1827. 
Aristida vulgaris Trin. & Rupr. var. canariensis (Willd.) Trln. 

& Rupr. Mem. Acad. St. Petersb. VI. Sci. Nat. 5:132. 1842, 
Aristida vulgaris Trln. & Rupr. Mem. Acad. Sci. Petersb. Vi. Sci, 

var. monghollca Trin. & Rupr. 

5:133. 1842, a syn of A. adscensionls L. ace. to J. 

Malata Beliz. Gramineas de Ilha de Maio. Bot. Soc. 

Broteriana 44 (second Ser.) 266. 1970. 
A. dispersa Trin. & Rupr. Mem. Acad. St. Petersb. VI. Sci. Nat. 

5:129. 1842. 



316 P i: Y T L G I A Vol. 23, no. h 

A. adscensionis L. var. canariensis (Willd.) Dur. & Schinz. 

Consp. Fl. Afr, 5:799. 1894. 
A. adscensionis L. var. typica Stapf. in Hook. Fl. Brit. India 

VII. 224. 1897. 
A. adscensionis L. var normalis Kuntze and f . viridis Kuntze, 

Rev. Gen. PI. 3:340. 1898. Also f. violascens Kuntz, op. 

cit. 1898, 
A. adscensionis L. var. humilis (HBK) Kuntz Rev. Gen. PI. 3:340. 

1898. 
A. adscensionis L. var. modesta Hack, in Stuck. Anal. Mus . Nac. 

Buenas Aires 11:89. 1904. 

This is the type of Aristida adscensionis which is both com- 
mon and widespread. It occurs in North America from Missouri, 
Kansas, and Colorado, south to Arizona, New Mexico and Texas, 
throughout Mexico, where it is the most common variety, and in 
Guatemala, Venezuela and Argentina. Mexican collections include: 
Sonoro, Beetle M - 2344; Baja California Sur, Beetle M - 2407; 
Nuevo Leon, Beetle M - 425; Zacatecas, Beetle M - 1790; Sinaloa, 
Beetle M - 2672; Queretaro, Beetle M - 1703; Morelos, Beetle M - 
1645; Oaxaca, Beetle M - 1515. 



ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. MODESTA Hack. 

Synonymy : 
Aristida f estucoides Stend. & Hochst. Abh. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. 

3:550. 1845, nomen nudum, Chile (non A. festucoides Poir., 

1810). 
Aristida americana var. bromoides (HBK) Scribn. & Merr. U. S. 

Dept. Agr. Div. Agrost. Circ. 32:5. 1901, sensu Scribn. 

& Merr., non A. bromoides HBK. 
Aristida adscensionis var modesta Hack, in Stuckert, An. Mus. 

Nac. Bs. Aires 11:89. 1904. 
Aristida adscensionis var. coerulescens (Desf .) Hack, in 

Stuckert, op. cit., sensu Hackel non A. coerulescens Desf. 

A collection. Beetle 596, Prov. of Mendoza, 8 kil. s. of 
Villavicencia on first slopes breaking out of the Mendoza Plain, 
dry rocky site, April 25, 1953, from Argentina, agrees exactly 
with North American desert habitat and material from California, 
Arizona and Mexico. Many early floras including Hitchcock's 
treatment of grasses for Jepson's Flora of California, accepted 
var. bromoides either as a species or as a variety and this 
practice should continue, but the name changed since Henrard has 
redefined the limits of var. bromoides based on examination of 
the type which is from Ecuador. 

The common variety in California and Arizona is var. modesta . 
It has apparently also been reported for Texas by Silveus in his 
"Texas Grasses" for he says (cf. page 333), "The author collected 
in the Hueco Mountains some plants with spikelets 5-7 mm. long. 



197li Beetle, Grasses from I'.exico 317 

central awn 4-8 mm. long, and the lateral 2-5 mm. long." It is 
very common in Baja California Sur, and rarer in continental 
Mexico, also occurring in central South America. Mexican 
collections include: Baja California Sur, Beetle M - 2587 and 
M-2496; Baja California Norte, Beetle M - 1876 and M - 1867; 
Nuevo Leon, Beetle M - 2891 and M - 390; S.L.P., Beetle M - 1764; 
Zacatecas, Beetle M - 1812; Mexico, Beetle M - 2922. 



ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. COARCTATA (HBK) Kuntze 

Synonymy: 
Aristida coarctata HBK. Nov. Gen. 1:100(122). 1815. 
Chactaria coarctata (HBK) R. & S. Syst. 2:396. 1817. 
Aristida dispersa var. coarctata (HBK) Trin. & Rupr. Mem. Acad. 

St. Petersb. VI. Sci. Nat. 5:130. 1842. 
Aristida laxa Willd. ex Trin. &. Rupr. Mem. Acad. St. Petersb. VI. 

Sci. Nat. 5:130. 1842, as syn., not A. laxa Cav. 1799. 
Aristida maritima Steud. Syn. PI o Glum. 1:137. 1854. 
Aristida adscensionis L. var. coarctata (HBK) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 

PI. 3:340. 1898. 
Aristida debilis Mez , Repert. Sp. Nov. Fedde 17:151. 1921. 

This variety is characterized by its open inflorescence, the 
panicle lax and loose, somewhat spreading. The central awn is 
usually markedly longer. This variety has been described many 
times from many places and occurs mostly on the east coast of 
Mexico but also on various islands of the Crrribean and in 
Venezuela. In Mexico the grass has been reported for Jalisco, 
Tamaulipas, Yucata (Beetle M - 999) and Campeche (Beetle M - 922). 
Although the name implies a dense panicle, Henrard says of the 
type "The plant is the somewhat open-panicled form of the common 
Aristida adscensionis, a form not uncommon in Mexico." 



ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. DECOLORATA (Fourn.) comb. nov. 

Based on Aristida grisebachiana Fourn. var. decolorata Fourn. Mex. 
PI. 2:78. 1886. 

This plant is characterized by its striking habit of pro- 
ducing whorled vegetative branching well above the base of the 
plant as well as by its stiff, straight awns which are often 
rigidly divaricate. The lemmas and awns are sometimes very dark 
purple as the name implies. 

This variety is most common in Mexico, in Baja California Sur 
but has also been collected in Oaxaca (whence the type) and on the 
Yucatan Peninsula. Collections include Yucatan, Beetle M - 852; 
Oaxaca, Beetle M - 3103 and M - 3227; Baja California Sur, Beetle 
M - 2609, M - 2390, and M - 2429. 



313 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no, U 

ARISTIDA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. INTERRUPTA (Cav.) Comb. nov. 

Based on Aristida interrupta Cav. Icon. PI. 5:45 pi. 471, fig. 2. 
1799 and A. adscensionis L. subvar. interrupta (Cav.) 
Henr. Monogr. of the genus Aristida . 325. 1932. 

Synonymy: Aristida schaffneri Fourn. Mex. PI. 2:78. 1886 

Aristida grisebachiana Fourn. Mex. PI. 2:78. 1886 
Aristida adscensionis var. mexicana Hack, ex Henr. 
Med. Rijks Herb, Leiden 54A:265. 1927, as syn. of 
A. adscensionis , name only. 

This variety has the usual awn measurements between 10 mm. 
and 15 mm. in length but the inflorescence is 20 cm. long in a 
narrow but interrupted panicle. In Mexico, it occurs along the 
eastern edge of the high plateau as follows: Ccahuila, Alnsida, 
Julian and Beetle no. 124; Nuevc Leon, Beetle M - 1084, 
Tamaulipas, Beetle M - 1210 and Veracruz (type locality for 
Fournier's species). 

/KISTirjA ADSCENSIONIS L. var. NICRESCENS (Presl) Comb. nov. 

Based on Aristldr. rigrescens Presl. Rel. Haenk. L:223. 1830 and 

on A. dispersa Trtn. & Rupr. var. nigrescens (Presl) Trin. 
&. Rupr. Mem. Acad, St, Potersb. VI. Sci. Nat, 5:130. 1842. 

This variety is very similar to var. interrupta (Cav.) 
Beetle but has much longer awns (always more than 15 rim. long, 
and frequently 20 iir.i. long) and the sometimes very dark purple 
spikelets, and its geographically distinct range, apparently 
occurring along the western coast of Mexico both in Baja 
California Sur and on the mainland. Collections include Baja 
California Sur, s. of La Paz, Beetle M - 2567 and 5 miles e. of 
San Antonio, Beetle M - 2648 and Beetle M - 2642; Sonora, west of 
El Coyote, Beetle M - 2024; and Nagales, Beetle M - 21; Guerrero, 
near Acopulco, Beetle M - 276; Oaxaca, near Tehuantepec , Beetle 
M - 2476 and Beetle M - 1462. 

PASPALUM CONJUGATTOI f. TRISTACHYA (Vanderz) comb. nov. 

Based on P^. conjugatum var. tristachya Vanderz, Bull. Agricol. 
Congo Beige 9:245. 1918 from Africa 

Synonymy: Paspalum sieberianum Steud. Syn. PI. Glum. 1:17. 1854. 

Paspalum longissimum Hochst. ex Steud. Syn. PI. Glum. 1:19 

Collected in the state of Tabasco near La Venta at the 
archeological pyramid, Dec. 30, 1973, Beetle M-3081, first report 
for Mexico. 



NOTES ON BROMELIACEAE, XXXVI 

Lyman B. Smith 

VRIESEA 

SUPPLEMENT II 

This supplement to my proviBional key to Vrlesea (Phytologia 
13: Qk. 1966) is organized on the same plan as the preceding one 
on TillandBia . It is intended as final before the completion of 
the manuscript of the genus for my monograph. As before, species 
marked with asterisk are to be added or substituted in the key. 

Subkey I 

6(1). Floral bracts (25-) 35 mm long; (add:) 2-3 times as long as 
the internodes. 
6a. Leaf -sheaths merging with blades, castaneous only near base; 
floral bracts glabrous except the pruinose margin; sepals 
20-25 mm long; scape about equaling the leaves. Peru. 

V. cereicola 
6a. Leaf -sheaths contracted at junction with blades^ almost 

wholly castaneous; floral bracts evenly lepidote at first; 
sepals 15-20 mm long; scape usually much shorter than the 
leaves. Costa Rica to Venezuela and Bolivia, Greater 
Antilles *V. incurva 

6(2). Floral bracts ^0 (-60) mm long, (add:) 3-5 times as long as 
the internodes, glabrous; scape stout. 
6b. Scape mostly erect and exceeding the leaves; floral bracts 

4-5 times as long as the internodes. Colombia, Venezuela. 

V. robusta 
6b. Scape mostly dec\irved and shorter than the leaves; floral 
bracts 3"^ times as long as the internodes. Peru. 

*V. patula 

11(1). Floral bracts distinctly and densely lepidote; spikes 
oblong or linear; petals crenulate or lacerate. 
11a. Spikes distinctly complanate; floral bracts nerved. 

Colombia to Venezuela and Bolivia V. heterandra 

11a o Spikes subterete; floral bracts even except the keel. Peru 

*Vo appenii 

12(2). Delete V. lac era , a synonym of V. heterandra . 

16(1)0 Floral bracts nearly all convex and ecarinate, 2h (-25) mm 
long. 
16a. Primary bracts obscurely lepidote, exposing much of the 

spikes. Colombia, Ecuador V. cylindrica 

16a. Primary bracts densely and conspicuously lepidote, com- 
pletely covering the lower spikes. Peru..*V. sagasteRuii 
319 



320 ? H Y T C L G G I A Vol. 23, no. h 

Subkey II 

^(l). Delete V. sulcata from this subkey. The leaf -blade is not 
triangular. 

3(2). Leaf -blades cinereous from a complete covering of scales. 
h. Sepals 10-12 mm long; floral bracts 16-25 mm long. 
5. Floral bracts carinate; plant lacking stolons. Nicaragua to 
Peru V. chontalensis 

5. Floral bracts convex, ecarinate; plant spreading by long, 

slender stolons. Ecuador, Peru *V. espinosae 

h. Sepals I5-3O ram long; floral bracts I8-6O mm long. 

6. Floral bracts h'^-60 mm long; sepals 2^-30 mm long. 

7. Rhachis soon exposed by the narrow floral bracts. Ecuador, 
Peru V. patula 

7. Rhachis wholly covered by the broad, densely imbricate 

floral bracts. Ecuador -^Z* Petraea 

6. Floral bracts l8-35 ™i long; sepals I5-25 nim long. 

8. Spike-rhachis densely lepidote, broadly winged and enfold- 

ing the bases of the flowers; scape erect, stout. 

Ecuador V. bare layana 

8. Spike-rhachis nearly or quite glabrous, narrowly winged; 
scape decurved. 
9. Leaf -sheaths merging with the blades, castaneous only near 
base; scape about equaling the leaves. Peru. 

V. cereicola 
9. Leaf -sheaths contracted at junction with blades, almost 
wholly castaneous; scape usually much shorter than the 
leaves. Costa Rica to Venezuela and Bolivia, Greater 
Antilles *V . incurva 

Subkey III 

4(l). Lower spikes covered by the primary bracts; sepals IO-I6 mm 
long, 
^a. Lower primary bracts broadly rounded and apiculate. Lesser 

Antilles, Venezuela ■'^V. cowellii 

^a. Lower primary bracts long -laminate. Peru, Bolivia. 

Tillandsia fuse o -guttata 

5(2) floral bracts ecarinate, 25 (-30) mm long. 

5a. Sepals more than half exserted above the lax floral bracts. 

V. sincorana 
5a. Sepals but slightly exserted above the floral bracts. 

*V. vidalil 

15(2). Floral bracts sharply carinate toward apex. 
19. Primary bracts (add:) covering more than half of eax;h lower 
spike . 
19a o Lower spikes completely covered by the primary bracts. 
West Indies, Mexico, Central America and Andean South 
America Tillandsia spp. 



177L Drrdth, Tlotes on Drom^lia ceae 321 

19a. Lower spikes somewhat exserted; inflorescence densely 

cyllndric; spikes broadly ovate. Gua.yana Highland of 
Brazil *V. tnapiuirei 

24 (l). Change Tillandsla dub la to * Vrlesea dub la . 

27(1). Change Tillandsla zamorensls to *Vrie6ea zamorenelB . 

34(1). V. egregia is a synonym of *V. cowellii . 

4l(l). Sepals 9-10 mm long. 

4la. Floral bracts strongly nerved Tillandsla spp. 

4la. Floral bracts even or nearly so. Costa Rica....*V. umbrosa 

43(2). Sepals not over I8 mm long, much exceeding the floral 
bracts; pedicels short. Brazil. 
43a. Upper scape-bracts densely Imbricate; inflorescence 

slenderly cyllndric V. thyrsoidea 

43a. Upper scape -bracts barely imbricate; inflorescence 

ellipsoid *V. cacuminis 

Subkey IV 

15(2). Vrlesea mlnarum is a synonym of *V. atro -purpurea . 

Subkey V 

3(1). Inflorescence many-flowered (15-) 27 cm long, exceeding the 
leaves. 
3a. Floral bracts sharply carinate toward apex. Brazil. 

*V. rubyae 
3a. Floral bracts scarcely or not at all carinate. 
3b. Floral bracts rugose when dry, sparsely punctate -lepidote. 

Mexico *V. malzinel 

3b. Floral bracts coriaceous, smooth and glabrous when dry. 

Brazil V. gradata 

11(2). Floral bracts with evenly curved margins, (3O-) 50 nm 
long; inflorescence usually lanceolate or elliptic. 
11a. Sepals acute; floral bracts 30 nim long, inflated. 

*V. rubyae 
11a. Sepals obtuse; floral bracts 40-50 mm long. 
12. Inflorescence very dense; each floral bract more than half 
covered by the one below it, red with yellow or green 

margins, its keel slightly curved V. inflata 

12. Inflorescence subdense; each floral bract less than half 
covered by the one below it, its keel strongly curved. 
13. Sepals 38 mm long. (V. petropolitana ) — *V. heterostachys 
13. Sepals 27 mm long V. plnottll 

15(1). Change Tillandsla monstrxim to *Vriesea monstrum . 



32? P H Y T L I A Vol. 28, no. h 

1T(i). Change Tillandsla dubia to *Vriesea dub la . 

26(1). V. pachyspatha is a synonym of *V. gladiollflora . 

30(2). Scape-bracts bracteiform; none of the floral bracts 
acuminate . 

3Ca. Posterior sepals carinate Tillandsla fendleri 

30a. Posterior and anterior sepals all ecarinate and alike. 
30b. Sepals lance-ovate, I5 mm long. Trinidad, Colombia, Peru. 

*V. chrysostachys 
30b. Sepals narrow, 27-^0 mm long Tillandsla spp. 

Subkey VI 

6(1) floral bracts ecarinate. 

6a. Leaf -blades rounded and long-apiculate, I3 mm wide; floral 

bracts even. Costa Rica V. apiculata 

6a. Leaf -blades aciuninate, 3O mm wide; floral bracts sulcate. 

Venezuela •^V. sulcata 

6(2) floral bracts carinate. Brazil. 

6bc Leaf -blade acute; inflorescence acute Vc biguassuensis 

6b. Leaf -blade broadly rounded and apiculate; inflorescence 

rounded at apex *V. pallidiflora 

19(1) • Leaf -blades concolorous. 
19a.. Floral bracts about equaling the sepals. Cuba, Puerto 

Rico, Venezuela c V. macrostachya 

19a. Floral bracts much exceeding the sepals. Brazil. 

*V. ti.jucana 

28(2). Vriesea minarum is a synonym of *V. atr o -purpurea . 

Subkey VII 

6(1). Floral bracts laterally compressed, sharply carinate. 
Brazil. 

6a. Sepals slightly exserted V. retroflexa 

6a. Sepals much shorter than the floral bracts... *V. agostiniana 

Subkey VIII 

8(1). Delete V. tuerckheimii from this part of the key because 
its scape -bracts are all imbricate. 

21(2). Primary bracts much shorter than the sterile bases of the 

branches. 
21a. Sepals thin, strongly nerved, especially when dry. 

22a. Sepals 2^4- mm long. Colombia, Ecuador Tillandsla mima 

22a. Sepals 10-12 mm long. Ecuador <> 

^Tillandsla marnier -lapostollei 
21a. Sepals coriaceous, even. 



197U Smith, Notes on Lrom ellaceae 323 

23a. Floral bracts to 25 mm long, even. Trinidad, Guiana, 

Amazonian Braz il *V . amazonica 

23a. Floral bracts 7-15 mm long, faintly nerved. Hispaniola. 

V. tuerckheimii 

29(1). Sepals acute. Brazil. 
29a. Leaf -blades broadly rounded and apiculate; floral bracts 
30-80 mm long, pale and slightly rugulose near apex. 

V. longicaulis 
29a. Leaf -blades attenuate; floral bracts to 23 mm long, 

concolorous , *V. pereirae 

30(1). Floral bracts about equaling or exceeding the sepals of at 
least the lowest flowers. 
31 o Floral bracts sharply carinate toward ap)ex. 
32. Sepals attenuate, 25-35 nini long; rhachis vermcose below 
eax:h node; floral bracts acuminate. Costa Rica to 

Colombia, West Indies V. ringens 

32. Sepals obtuse or broadly rounded, 15-2'+ mm long. 
33. Sepals nearly as broad as long; floral bracts 35-^5 nim 

long . Salvador V. cornus-cervi 

33 • Sepals narrow, about twice as long as wide. Brazil. 
3^+. Floral bracts bright purple; primary bracts shorter than 
the bracteate sterile bases of the branches. 

V. brusquensis 
3^. Floral bracts green; primary bracts exceeding the naked 

sterile bases of the branches *V. pabstii 

31. Floral bracts obscurely if at all carinate. 
35' Sterile bases of the branches naked; floral bracts scarcely 
if at all secund. 
36. Sepals obovate, 25 mm long. Ecuador. . Tillandsia cucullata 
36. Sepals elliptic, 17 mm long. Costa Rica....V. camptoclada 
35* Sterile bases of the branches bracteate. 
37- Floral bracts thin, nerved. Colombia, Ecuador. 

Tillandsia secunda 
37* Floral bracts coriaceous or subcoriaceous, even. 
38. Leaves subrounded and apiculate, finely purple -spotted 

toward base. Mexico *V. breedloveana 

38. Leaves attenuate at apex. 
39* Floral bracts obscurely carinate, more or less secirnd 
with the flowers, mostly broadly ovate. Mexico to 

Costa Rica *V. werckleana 

39- Floral bracts broadly and evenly convex, ecarinate, not 
at all secund, suborbicular. 
40. Primary bracts much larger than the floral bracts; 
inflorescence much branched. Costa Rica. 

*V. kupperiana 
UO. Primary bracts scarcely larger than the floral bracts; 
inflorescence few-branched. Colombia V. confusa 

^O(l). Branches with naked sterile bases, 5-8-flowered. Brazil. 
40a. Leaves broadly acute and apiculate; sepals little exceeding 



32h P H Y T L G I A Vol. 23, no. h 

the floral bracts V. penduliflora 

40a. Leaves atteniiate at apex; sepals much exceeding the floral 
bracts , *V. duarteana 

42(l). contradicts 30(2). Therefore delete V. werckleana and V. 
kupperiana which are inserted above under 30(l)« 

47(2). Leaves covered on both sides with appressed brown -centered 
scales. 

h-'Ja. Sheaths green, concolorous with the blades V. cearensis 

h-Ja. Sheaths dark castaneous „ -^^V. saxicola 

Subkey IX 

^(1). Floral bracts acute. 
^a. Leaf-blades ligulate, aciiminate, over 30 ""n wide. Guatemala 

V. pectinata 

^a. Leaf -blades very narrowly triangular, 12 mm wide. Amazonian 

Brazil *V. mitoura 

8(1). Floral bracts becoming seciind with the flowers. 
8a. Sepals 35 ™n long, twice as long as wide. Guyana. 

V. pachychlamys 
8a. Sepals 22 mm long, broadly elliptic. Costa Rica. 

*V. burger! 

23(2). Sepals to 35 mm long. 
23a. Leaf -blades ligulate, acuminate; sepals coriaceous. Cuba. 

V. haplostachya 
23a. Leaf -blades very narrowly triangular; sepals chartaceous, 

nerved. Venezuela -^V. wurdackii 

28(1). Scape-bracts, or at least the upper ones, shorter than 

the internodes; sepals much exceeding the floral bracts. 
29. Leaf -blades narrowly triangular, attenuate; floral bracts 
rounded, obtuse or apiculate. 
30. Leaf -sheaths small, pale, scarcely distinct, strongly 

nerved. Venezuela V. fibrosa 

30, Leaf -sheaths large, castaneous, conspicuous, even. Brazil. 
31 f Rhachis flexuous, 2 mm thick; floral bracts much shorter 

than the internodes *V. limae 

31. Rhachis geniculate, 3-^ nm thick; floral bracts equaling 
or exceeding the internodes. 
32. Upper scape -bracts much shorter than the internodes; 

floral bracts 1-1. 5 times as long as the internodes. 

V. brassicoides 
32 „ Upper scape -bracts but slightly shorter than the inter- 
nodes; floral bracts nearly 2 times the internodes. 

*V. goniorachis 
29. Leaf -blades ligulate, acute or rounded and apiculate. 
33- Sepals to ^0 mm long, suboblong; leaf -blades 6O-7O mm wide; 
floral bracts ecarinate. Colombia V. socialis 



197li Sr.ith, Ilotes on L roncliaceae 325 

33. SepalB 18-28 mm long, elliptic; leaf -blades 25-35 nun wide. 
Brazil. 
34. Leaf -blades ligulate, 25 nrni wide, broadly rounded and 

apiculate V. platzmannii 

3^+. Leaf -blades narrowly lance -triangular, 35 tmn wide, 

subacute and lonR -apiculate *V. lancifolia 

36(1). Floral bracts fleshy-coriaceous. Biazil. 

36a. Rhachis flexuous, slender V. olJRantha 

36a. Rhachis geniculate, 3"'^ nim thick *V. goniorachis 

39(1) • Leaf -blades broadly rounded and apiculate. 
39a' Floral bracts remaining erect or nearly so; leaf -blades 
obscurely punctulate-lepidote beneath. Brazil. 

V. unilateral is 
39a' Floral bracts becoming secund with the flowers; leaf -blades 
strikingly white -lepidote beneath. Costa Rica. 

*-V. dodsonii 

Subkey X 

7(2). Branches elongate, the lower ones 2-f lowered. Costa Rica. 

7a. Primary bracts very broadly ovate V. crassif lora 

7a. Primary bracts long -attenuate from an ovate base. 

*V. hainesiorvuE 

28(1). Scape erect; sepals , 12-20 ram long. 

28a. Sepals narrow, fleshy, dark and finely rugose when dry. 

Costa Rica *V. sarcolepls 

28a. Sepals broadly elliptic. 

Guatemala, Honduras , V. ciontana 

Costa Rica V. irazuensis 

32(1)0 V. attenuata is a synonym of *V. gladiolif lora . 

3^(2). Sepals IT mm long, suborbicular or elliptic. 
3^a. Leaf -sheaths pale; inflorescence dense; sepals suborbicular 

Costa Rica V. viridis 

3^a. Leaf -sheaths dark castaneous; inflorescence lax; sepals 

elliptic . Colombia *V. or.iuelae 

35(2). Delete V. hainesior\ini from this part of the key because 
its branches are elongate. Cf. above under 7(2). 

AGOSTINIANA E. Pereira, Bradea 1: 33. 1971' 

AMAZONICA (Baker) Mez. Floral bracts much shorter than the 
sepals. 

APPENII Rauh, Bromel. Soc . Bull. 19: 111, fig. (p. HO). 
1969. 

ATRO-PURPUREA Alv. Silv. Fl . Montium 2, Add.: 3, ?!• 131, 
fig. 1. 1931. Tlllandsia citrina Baker, Handb. Bromel. 22U. 
1889, non Burchell ex Baker, l879' Vriesea citrina E. Morr. ex 



326 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 23, no. h 

Baker, Handb. Bromel. 22^. I889, nomen in synon.; ibid (?), 
hortus. Rev. Hort. 77: 127. I9O5, nomen. V. minarum L. B. 
Smith, Arq. Bot. S. Paulo II. 1: II8, pi. 126. 19^3. V. citrina 
(Baker) L. B. Smith, Phytologia 21: 93. 1971- 

BREEDLOVEANA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A V. werckleana Mez, cui 
affinis, foliorum laminis subrotundatis apiculatisque base 
purpureo^naculatis differt. 

PLANT known only from fragments but probably flowering nearly 
2 m high. LEAVES to 38 cm long, laxly vestite with minute dark 
appressed scales throughout; sheaths ample, nearly concolorous 
with the blades; blades ligulate, subro\inded and apiculate, ^5 
mm wide, green above, pale green beneath, finely purple -maculate 
toward base. SCAPE straight, 12 mm thick at apex, glabrous at 
least with age; scape-bracts (upper) erect, imbricate, broadly 
ovate. IKFLORESCENCE laxly bipinnate, glabrous at least with 
age; primary bracts like the upper scape-bracts, cuspidate- 
acuminate, shorter than the bracteate sterile bases of the 
branches; branches c\irved -spreading, to ^5 cm long, densely 
secund -flowered; rhachis flexuous, narrowly alate. FLORAL 
BRACTS secund with the flowers, broadly ovate -triangular, 
obtuse, obtusely carinate, 3 cm long, exceeding the sepals and 
more than twice as long as the internodes, coriaceous, even, 
pale brown; pedicels stout. SEPALS broadly elliptic, obtuse, 
2 cm long, coriaceous, even, ecarinate. CAPSULE stout, acute, 
beaked, 25 mm long. PI. I. 

MEXICO: Chiapas: Mun. Zinacatan: Steep cliff along Mexican 
Highway 19O in the Zir^cantan para'je of Navenchauk, alt. 2100 m, 
29 August 1966, D. E. Breedlove 15^38 (US, type). 

BURGERI L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A V. pachychlamyde Mez, cui 
valde affinis, sepalis multo minoribus late ellipticis differt. 

PLANT flowering 4$ cm high. LEAVES 25 cm long, covered on 
both sides with bright white, dark -centered scales; sheaths 
broadly elliptic, ca. 9 cm long; blades ligulate, broadly 
rounded and apiculate, 3 cm wide, green above, more or less 
tinged with purple beneath. SCAPE erect, stout; scape -bracts 
tightly imbricate, elliptic, broadly acute and apiculate, 
coriaceous, rugulose when dry. INELORESCENCE simple, dense, few- 
flowered, 10 cm long. FLORAL BRACTS distichous, becoming secund 
with the flowers, broadly ovate, subacute and cucullate, 35 tmn 
long, exceeding the sepals and more than twice as long as the 
internodes, ecarinate, coriaceous, obscurely punctulate, rijgulose 
when dry. SEPALS broadly elliptic, rounded at apex, 22 mm long, 
coriaceous; petals and stamens unknown. PI. IIo 

COSTA RICA: Puntarenas : Epiphytic, forested land between 
Rio Coton and Rio Negro (about I5 km from Sabalito) near Las 
Alturas l\amber camp, 8° 53' N, 820 54' W, alt. I2OO-I3OO m, 
17-18 January 1967, W. Burger & G. Matta U. ^583 (US, type; F, 
isotype). 

CACUMINIS L. B. Smith, Phytologia I6: 79, pl» 1, fig- 25, 
26. 1968. 

CHRYSOSTACHYS E. Morr. Inflorescence simple or compound. 

COWELLII (Mez & N. L. Britton) L. B. Smith, Phytologia I6: 80. 



197U Smith, I.'otes on rromeliaccae 327 

1968. Tlllandsla cowellll Mez & N. L. Britton, Bull. Herb. 
Bolss. II. 3: 225. 1903. Vriesea egreRla L. B. Smith, Phytologla 
k: 355, pi. 1, fig. U-6. 1953. 

DODSQNII L. B. Smith, Phytologla I6: 80, pi. 2, fig. 1, 2. 
1968. 

lUARTEANA L. B. Smith, Phytologla I6: 80, pi. 2, fig. 3-5. 
1968. 

rUBIA (L. B. Smith) L. B. Smith, Phytologla I5: 197. I967. 
TillandBia dubia L. B. Smith, Phytologla 5: 2dk, pi. 2, fig. h, 

5. 1955. 

ESPINOSAE (L. B. Smith) Gilmartin, Phytologla 16: 163. 1968. 
TillandBia esplnosae L. B. Smith, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 
i^98, fig. 65d, e. 1951. 

GLADIOLIFLORA (Wendland) Antoine, Wiener, 111. Gart. 5: 98, 
pi. 1. 1880. TillandBia sladioliflora Wendland, Hamb. 
Gartenzeit. 19: 31- 1863. Vriesea pachyspatha Mez & Werckle, 
Bull. Herb. Boiss. II. h: 867. 190^. 

GONIORACHIS (Baker) Mez. Flowers tardily secund. 

HAINESIORUM L. B. Smith. Branches with naked, slender, 
sterile base 8 mm long.' 

HETERANDRA (Andre') L. B. Smith, Contr. ^U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 
^^3' 1951. TillandBia heterandra Andre, Enum. Bromel. 7. 
13 Dec 1888; Rev. Hort. 6O: 567. I6 Dec I888. T. lac era L. B. 
Smith, Fieldiana Bot. 28: I5O, fig. 22 d-f. I95I. Vriesea 
lac era (l. B. Smith) L. B. Smith, Fieldiana Bot. 28: 831. 1957- 

HETEROSTACHYS (Baker) L. B. Smith, Phytologla 19: 289. I97O. 
Vriesea incurvata senBu E. Morr. Belg. Hortic . 32: 52, pi. 2. 
1882, non Gaud. l8^3, based on Binot s_ n. Tillandsia inflata 
Baker, Bot. Mag. 112: pi. 6882. 1886, as to Binot material but 
not as to basionym of Wawra. T. heterostachys Baker, Journ. 
Bot. 26: 106. Mar 1888. Vriesea petropolitana L. B. Smith, Arq. 
Bot. S. Paulo II. 1: 120, pi. I30. 19^3. 

INCURVA (Grisebach) R. W. Read, Phytologla I6: k^Q. I968. 
TillandBia incurva Grisebach in Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Goett. "l&&^": 
15. 1865. 

KUPPERIANA Suessenguth. Floral bracts about equaling the 
sepals. 

LANCIFOLIA (Baker) L. B. Smith. Flowers becoming secund. 

LIMAE L. B. Smith, Phytologla 20: 181, pi. 2, fig. 17, I8. 
1970. 

MAGUIREI L. B. Smith, Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. I8, pt. 2: 32, 
fig. 5 f-h. 1969. 

MALZINEI E. Morr. var. DISTICHA L. B. Smith, Phytologla 22: 
87, fig. 8. 19T1. Flowers distichous. 

MITCURA L. B. Smith, Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 18, pt. 2: 32, 
fig. 5 i-k. 1969. 

MONSTRUM (Mez) L. B. Smith, Phytologla I6: 81. 1968. 
Tillandsia monstrum Mez. Fedde Rep. Spec. Nov. 16: 78. 1919. 

ORJUELAE L. B. Smith, Phytologla 16: 8I, pi. 2, fig. 6-8. 
1968. 

PABSTII McWilliams & Smith, Bromel. Soc . Bull. 20: 5U, fig. 
1-5. 1970. 



323 P H Y T L G I A Vol. 28, no. k 

PALLIDIFLORA E. Pereira, Rodriguesia 26, no. 38: II7, pi. 7, 
8. 1971. 

PATULA (Mez) L. B. Smith. Inflorescence also digitate. 

PEREIRAE L. B. Smith, Phytologia I6: 82, pi. 2, fig. 9-11. 
1968. 

PETRAEA (L. B. Smith) L. B. Smith, Phytologia 20: 168. 197O. 
Tillandsia petraea L. B. Smith, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 
hg-j, fig. 65 a-c. 1951- 

RUBYAE E. Perelra, Rodriguesia 26, no. 38: 115, Pl- 5- 1971. 

SAGASTEGUII L. B. Smith, Phytologia 16: 82, pl. 2, fig. 12, 
13. 1968. 

SARCOLEPIS L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A V. montana (L. B. ^Smith) 
L. B. Smith & Pittendrigh et V. irazuensis (Mez 8e Werckle) L. B. 
Smith & Pittendrigh, quibus af finis, sepal is angustis carnosis 
ex sicco atris et minute rugosis differt. 

PLANT flowering 7 dm high. LEAVES numerous, rosulate, 
suberect, over 25 cm long, obscurely lepidote; sheaths elliptic, 
ca. 10 cm long, dark castaneous toward base; blades subligulate, 
acute, ca. 25 mm wide, marked with fine wavy transverse lines. 
SCAPE erect, slender; scape-bracts erect, closely involute, 
exceeding the internodes, ovate, acute. INPLORESCENCE laxly 
bipinnate, I3 cm long; axis slender, nearly straight; primary 
bracts spreading, broadly ovate, acute and apiculate, to 5 cm 
long; branches aborted; flowers 2 at each node. FLORAL BRACTS 
elliptic, obtuse, ca. 1 cm longo SEPALS slightly asymmetric, 
elliptic, obtuse, 20 mm long, fleshy, dark and minutely rugulose 
when dry; petals elliptic, obtuse, ^5 mm long; stamens included. 
Pl. III. 

COSTA RICA: Alajuela: Terrestrial, wet montane forest, 
Volcan Poas, alt. 2525 m, I3 Aug 1964, M. F. Tessene I58O (WIS, 
type). 

SAXICOLA L. B. Smith, Phytologia I6: 83, pl. 2, fig. l4-15. 
1968. 

STENOPHYLLA (Mez & Werckle) L. B. Smith & Pittendrigh, Journ. 
Wash. Acad. Sci. ^3 : ^03. 1953. Thecophyllum stenophyllum Mez & 
Werckle, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II. k: 875. 1904. T. acuminatum 
L. B. Smith, Contr. Gray Herb. 117: 30, ^l- 2, fig. 28, 29. 
1937, not Vriesea acuminata Mez & Werckle, 1904. V. attenuata 
L. B. Smith & Pittendrigh, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. U3 : IfOl. 
1953, nom. nov. 

SULCATA L. B. Smith. Leaf -blade narrowly sub triangular, the 
sides slightly outcurved. 

TIJUCANA E. Pereira, Rodriguesia 26, no. 38: II6, pl. 6. 19T1. 

TUERCKHEIMII (Mez) L. B. Smith. Scape -bracts all imbricate. 

UMBROSA L. B. Smith, sp. nov. A V-. ranifera L. B. Smith, cui 
af finis, foliorum laminis angustioribus omnino viridibus, scapi 
bracteis attenuatis, bracteis florigeris sepalisque multo 
minor Ibus differt. 

PLANT flowering over 7 dm high. LEAVES over 7 dm long, dark 
green; sheaths elliptic, covered with white appressed dark- 
centered scales; blades ligulate, acute, cuspidate -thickened, 
5 cm wide, soon glabrous. SCAPE erect, slender; scape -bracts 



I97I4 Smith, N'otes on Ercmeliaceae 329 

Imbricate, the lower subfoliaceouE, the upper ovate, attenuate. 
INFLORESCENCE narrowly cylindric, I5 cm long, laxly biplnnate; 
axes slender, obscurely lepidote; primary bracts broadly ovate, 
acuminate with a thickened apex, about equaling or shorter than 
the axillary branches, obscurely lepidote; branches suberect, 
lax, to 5 -flowered with the terminal one usually much reduced, 
slender, geniculate, the sterile base short, naked. FLORAL 
BRACTS Buborbicular, 10 mm long, ecarinate, coriaceous, even, 
glabrous; pedicels obconical, 5 mm long. SEPALS suborbicular, 
12 mm long, coriaceous, even, glabrous; petals 3O ™d long, pale 
greenish white; stamens included. Plate IV. 

COSTA RICA: San Jose: on Inga in deep shade, wooded area 
near the escarpment with frequent wind and rain from the 
Caribbean, La Palma area, northeast of San Jeronimo, above the 
La Hondura valley, 10° 2' N, 84° 0' W, alt. I5OO m, 27 May - 
1 June 1968, W. C. Burger & R. G. Stolze 5333 (US, type; F, 
isotype). 

VIDALII L. B. Smith & Handro, Phytologia I9: 289, pl. 1, 
fig. 22-24. 1970. 

WERCKLEANA Mez. Floral bracts about equaling the sepals. 

WURIIACKII L. B. Smith, Phytologia 16: 83, pl. 2, fig. I6, 
17. 1968. 

ZAMORENSIS (L. B. Smith) L. B. Smith, Phytologia 20: 17^. 
1970. Tillandsla zamorensis L. B. Smith, Phytologia 4: 213, 
pl. 1, fig. 3-5. 1953. 

United States National Museum, Washington, D. C, U. S. A. 



330 



PHYTOLCGIA 
Plate I 



Vol. 23, no. h 




Vrlesea breedloveana L. B. Smith 



19714 



bmith, Notes on Bronieliaceae 
Plate II 



331 




ttej COSTA KICA 



blpl,7t. .» . r.ll- 1r.. rr.t.«.lT .►»»« ">i 



1566197 



V'r.r^.j k-ra. 



tTrONAL HERBAfllUM 






Vriesea burger! L. B. Smith 



332 



P H Y T C L G I A 
Plate III 



Vol. 28, no. h 




Vriesea sarcolepis L. B. Smith 



197U 



Smith, Notes on Crorrs l iacea e 
Plate IV 



3^3 




•'v.-s. 



^ s~.n 



COSTA RtCA 



l/r/. 









UNlttO STATtS 

2566193 

HATtONAL HERBARIUM 



Vriesea umbrosa Lo Bo Smith 



New Combinations in the Lichen Genus Parmotrema Massalongo 

Mason E. Hale, Jr. 
Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 



One of the first generic segregates of the large genus Parmeli-a, 
Parmotrema Massalongo, typified by P. perforatum (Jacq.) Mass., includes 
all of the species now classified in Parmelia subgenus Amphigyrrmia (Hale, 
M. E., Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:193-358. 1965). It is characterized by 
broad, apically rotund lobes, usually with a distinct bare rim below at 
the margins. Rhizines are simple and often sparse. Apothecia are usually 
substipitate to stalked and rather frequently perforate. All species have 
palisade plectenchyma in the upper cortex and a pored epicortex (Hale, M. 
E., Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 10:9. 1973). Given this circumscription we 
are probably justified in including here also the species now classified 
in Parmelia subgenus Parmelia section Irregulares, the P. reticulata 
group, which while broad lobed, have more dense, simple to rarely squar- 
rose rhizines to or very near the margins below. 

Parmotrema abesslnicum (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

abessinioa Kremplh. Linnaea Al:140. 1877. 
Parmotrema abnuens (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia abnuens 

Nyl. Flora 68:610. 1885. 
Parmotrema affluens (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia affluens 

Hale, Phytol. 22:141. 1971. 
Parmotrema aldabrense (Dodge) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia alda- 

brensis Dodge, Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 46:160. 1959. 
Parmotrema amboimense (Dodge) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia amboi- 

mensis Dodge, Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 46:158. 1959. 
Parmotrema andlnum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

andina Mull. Arg., Rev. Mycol. 1:169. 1879. 
Parmotrema appendiculatum (Fee) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

appendioulata Fee, Ess. Crypt. Suppl. 118. 1837. 
Parmotrema araucarlarum (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

arauoariarum Zahlbr., Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Math. Naturw. Wien 83:179. 

1909. 
Parmotrema argentinum (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

argentina Kremplh., Flora 61:476. 1878. 



33li 



197U Halo, New canbinations in Pannotrema 335 

Parmotrema arnoldll (DR.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia armoldii 

DR., Nyt Mag. Naturv. 62:80. 1924. 
Parmotrema austrosinense (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

auetroeineneie Zahlbr., Symb. Sin. 3:192. 1930. 
Parmotrema bangii (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Pannelia bangii 

Vain. Bot. Tidsskr. 29:104. 1909. 
Parmotrema breviciliatum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

hreviailiata Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:282. 1965. 
Parmotrema cetratum (Ach.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Paifnelia oetrata 

Ach. Syn. Lich. 198. 1814. 
Parmotrema chiapense (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia ahia- 

pensis Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:323. 1965. 
Parmotrema commensuratum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

aommenaurata Hale, Phytol. 22:31. 1971. 
Parmotrema compositum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia com- 

posita Hale, Phytol. 23:343. 1972. 
Parmotrema conformatum (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

aonformata Vain. Acta Soc. Faun Fl. Fenn. 7(7): 36. 1890. 
Parmotrema coralliforme (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia coral- 

liformis Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:324. 1965. 
Parmotrema cornlculans (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia comi- 

oulans Nyl. Flora 68:607. 1885. 
Parmotrema cornuta (Lynge) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia aomuta 

Lynge, Ark. Bot. 13(13) :76. 1914. 
Pannotrema crassescens (Stirt.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

orassescens Stirt., Royal Phil. Soc. Glasgow Proc. 10:161. 1877. 
Parmotrema cristatum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia cristata 

Nyl. Flora 52:291. 1869. 
Parmotrema cristiferum (Tayl . ) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

aristifera Tayl. London Journ. Bot. 6:165. 1847. 
Parmotrema crocoides (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia arocoides 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:244. 1965. 
Parmotrema cryptoxanthum (des Abbayes) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Par- 
melia cryptoxantha des Abbayes, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar 10:115. 1961, 
Parmotrema defectum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionymi Parmelia defeata 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:244. 1965. 
Parmotrema delicatulum (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

deliaatula Vain. Acta Soc. Faun. Fl. Fenn. 7(7) :35. 1890. 
Parmotrema diacidulum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia diaci- 

dula Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:287. 1965. 
Parmotrema dif f ractaicum (Essl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

diffractaica Essl. Bryol. 75:80. 1972. 
Parmotrema dilatatum (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia dila- 

tata Vain. Acta Soc. Faun. Fl. Fenn. 7(7) :33. 1890. 
Parmotrema direagens (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia direagens 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:288. 1965. 



336 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

Parmotrema disparile (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia dis- 

parilis Nyl. Syn. Lich. 1:381. 1860. 
Parmotrema diversum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: PaineZia divevsa 

Hale, Phytol. 27:1. 1973. 
Parmotrema dolosum (des Abbayes) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: PazmeZia 

dolosa des Abbayes, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, ser. B, 10:115. 1961. 
Parmotrema dominicanum (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

dominiaana Vain. Journ. Bot. Brit. & For. 34:32. 1896. 
Parmotrema eborinum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia eborina 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:249. 1965. 
Parmotrema eciliatum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia orinita 

var. eciliata Nyl. Flora 52:291. 1869. 
Parmotrema endosulphureum (Hillm.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia 

tinotovwn var. endo sulphur' ea Hillm. -Repert. Sp. Nov. Fedde 48:8. 1940. 
Parmotrema erasmium (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia erasmia 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat, Herb. 36:290. 1965. 
Parmotrema eunetum (Stirt.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia euneta 

Stirton, Scot. Nat. 4:298. 1877-78. 
Pairmotrema eurysacum (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia eurusaca 

Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus . Paris, ser 4, 1:194. 1899. 
Parmotrema explanatum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia expla- 

nata Hale, Journ. Jap. Bot. 40:199. 1964. 
Parmotrema fasciculatum (Vain.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

fascieulata Vain. Hedwigia 38:122. 1899. 
Parmotrema flavescens (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia 

glabevvima var. flavesaens Kremplh. Flora 52:223. 1869. 
Parmotrema flavotinctum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pa:vmelia flavo- 

tinata Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:291. 1965. 
Parmotrema fractum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia fvaota 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:292. 1965. 
Parmotrema glaucocarpoides (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

glaueooavpoides Zahlbr. Cat. Lich. Univ. 6:167. 1929. 
Parmotrema grayanum (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia gvayana 

Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 4, 1:184. 1899. 
Parmotrema hababiana (Gyel.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia hababiana 

Gyel. Repert. Sp. Nov. Fedde 29:298. 1931. 
Parmotrema haitiense (Hale) Hale, comp . nov. Basionym: Pavmelia haitiensis 

Hale, Bryol. 62:20. 1959. 
Parmotrema banning tonianum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pav- 
melia harming toniana Miill. Arg. Flora 73:339. 1890. 
Parmotrema hololobum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia hololoba 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:293. 1965. 
Parmotrema homotomum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia homotoma 

Nyl. Flora 68:613. 1885. 
Parmotrema hypoleucinum (Stein.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Pavmelia 
hypoleuaina Stein. D'ster. Bot. Zeitschr. 67:282. 1918. 



197h HalQ, New combinations in Parmotrema 337 

Parmotrema hypotropum (Nyl.) Hale, comb, nov . Basionym: Patwnelia hypo- 

tropa Nyl. Syn. Lich. 379. 1860. 
Parmotrema inexspectatum (des Abb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

inexspeatata des Abb. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 20:16. 1958. 
Parmotrema insuetum (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia insueta 

Kurok. Bull. Nat. Set. Mas. Tokyo 10:371. 1967. 
Parmotrema latlssimum (Fee) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Panrtelia latieaima 

Fee, Ess. Crypt. Suppl. 119. 1837. 
Parmotrema leucosemothetum (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia leu- 

aosemotheta Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 4, 1:192. 1899. 
Parmotrema lobulascens (Stein.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia lobu- 

lascens Stein. Verb. Zool. Bot.Gesell. Wien 53:234. 1903. 
Parmotrema lophogenum (des Abb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

lophogena des Abb. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 20:19. 1958. 
Parmotrema louisianae (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia louisi- 

anae Hale, Phytol. 22:92. 1971. 
Parmotrema maclayanum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

maalayana Miill Afg. Flora 74:376. 1891. 
Parmotrema macrocarpum (Pers.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia macro- 

oarpa Pers. in Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie , 197. 1826. 
Parmotrema madagascariacea (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

oaperata var. madagasoariaaea Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 4, 

1:181. 1899. 
Parmotrema margaritatum (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia margari- 

tata Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 4, 1:193. 1899. 
Parmotrema melanothrix (Mont.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

uraeolata var. melanothrix Mont. Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot ser. 2, 2:372. 

1834. 
Parmotrema mellissii (Dodge) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia mellissii 

Dodge, Ann. Mot. Bot. Card. 46:134. 1959. 
Parmotrema merrlllii (Vainio) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia merril- 

lii Vainio, Phil. Journ. Sci. 4:658. 1909. 
Parmotrema mesogenes (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia mesogenes 

Nyl. Flora 68:609. 1885. 
Parmotrema mestropum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

mesotropa Miill. Arg. Rev. Mycol. 10:55. 1888. 
Parmotrema michauxianum (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

michauxiana Zahlbr. Cat. Lich. Univ. 244. 1929. 
Parmotrema mirandum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia miranda 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:273. 1965. 
Parmotrema mordenii (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia mordenii 

Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 4:19. 1971. 
Parmotrema myelochroum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia myelo- 

chroa Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:256. 1965. 
Parmotrema natalense (Stein. & Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Par- 
melia natalensis Stein. & Zahlbr. Bot. Jahrb. Engler 60:515. 1926. 



338 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

Parmotrema nilgherrense (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia nil- 

gherrensis Nyl. Flora 52:291. 1869. 
Parmotrema ochroglaucum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia oahro- 

glauca Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:274. 1965. 
Parmotrema ornatulum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia omatula 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:299. 1965. 
Parmotrema pachysporum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia paahy- 

spora Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:299. 1965. 
Parmotrema pancheri (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia panoheri 

Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 4, 1:202. 1899. 
Parmotrema paradoxum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia paradoxa 

Hale, Phytol. 27:1. 1973. 
Parmotrema parahypotropum (Culb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

parahypotropa Culb. Bryol. 76:29. 1973. 
Parmotrema paulense (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia paulen- 

sis Zahlbr. Denkschr. Akad . Wlss. Naturw. Wien 83:175. 1909. 
Parmotrema peralbidum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia albid a 

Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:257. 1965. 
Parmotrema permutatum (Stirt.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia per- 

mutata Stirt. Scot. Nat. 4:252. 1877-78. 
Parmotrema planatilobatum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

planatilobata Hale, Journ. Jap. Bot. 40:200. 1964. 
Parmotrema praesorediosum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia prae- 

sorediosa Nyl. Sert. Lich. Trop. Labuan Singapore 18. 1891. 
Parmotrema preperf oratum (Culb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionjrai: Parmelia pre- 

perforata Culb. Bryol. 76:27. 1973. 
Parmotrema procerum (Stein. & Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

proaera Stein. & Zahlbr. Bot. Jahrb. Engler 60:537. 1926. 
Parmotrema pseudocrinitum (des Abb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

pseudocrinita des Abb. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 20:19. 1958. 
Parmotrema pseudoreticulatum (Tavares) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Paxmelia 

pseudoretioulata Tavares, Acta Port. Biol. IB: 138. 1945. 
Parmotrema pseudotinctorum (des Abb.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

pseudotinatonm des Abb. Bull. Inst. Fr. Afr. Noire 13:973. 1951. 
Parmotrema rampoddense (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia rampod- 

densis Nyl. Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 26(10) :7. 1900. 
Parmotrema ramusculum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia ramus- 

aula Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:261. 1965. 
Parmotrema recipiendum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia reoi- 

pienda Nyl. Flora 68:609. 1885. 
Parmotrema rigidum (Lynge) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia rigida 

Lynge, Ark. Bot. 13(13) :50. 1914. 
Parmotrema rimulosum (Dodge) Hale, comb. nov. Basionjmi: Parmelia rimulosa 

Dodge, Ann. Mo. Bot. Card. 46:133. 1959. 
Parmotrema robustum (Degel.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia robusta 

Degel. Goth. Kungl. Vet. Vitterh. Samh. Handl. ser B, 7:33. 1941. 



197li Hale, New combinations in Parmotrema 339 

Parmotrema rublfaciens (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia rubi- 

faoiens Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Bot, Herb. 36:261. 1965. 
Parmotrema saccatllobum (Tayl.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Pcamelia sac- 

aatiloba Tayl. London Journ. Bot. 6:17A. 1847. 
Parmotrema sancti-angelli (Lynge) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

sancti-angelii Lynge, Ark. Bot. 13(13) :35. 1914. 
Parmotrema setchellli (Vainlo) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia aetahel- 

lii Vainio, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 12:5. 1924. 
Parmotrema slmulans (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia similane 

Hale, Phytol. 22:32. 1971. 
Parmotrema soyouxii (Mull. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

soyouxii Miill. Arg. Linnaea 9:32. 1880. 
Parmotrema spllotum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia spilota 

Hale, Phytol. 27:3. 1973. 
Parmotrema stuppeum (Tayl.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia stuppea 

Tayl. London Journ. Bot. 6:175. 1847. 
Parmotrema subarnoldli (des Abb.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

subamoldii des Abb. Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, ser. B, 10:113. 1961. 
Parmotrema subcaperatum (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

subaaperata Kremplh. Nat. For. Kjoeb. Vid. Medd. 1873:10. 1873. 
Parmotrema subcoloratum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia aolora- 

ta Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:340. 1965. 
Parmotrema subcoralllnum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia sub- 

corallina Hale, Journ. Jap. Bot. 37:345. 1962. 
Parmotrema subisidiosum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

cetvata var. subisidiosa Miill. Arg. Bot Jahrb. Engler 20:256. 1894. 
Parmotrema subrugatum (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

subrugata Kremplh. Verb. Zool. Bot. Gesell. Wien 18:320. 1868. 
Parmotrema subschimperi (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia sub- 

sohimperi Hale, Phytol. 23:345. 1972. 
Parmotrema subtinctorium (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

subtinatoria Zahlbr. Symb. Sin. 3:193. 1930. 
Parmotrema sulphuratum (Nees & Plot.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

sulphurata Nees & Plot. Linnaea 9:501. 1835. 
Parmotrema tinctorum (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia tinatorum 

Nyl. Flora 55:547. 1872. 
Parmotrema uberrimum (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia uberrima 

Hue, Bull. Soc Bot. Fr . Mem. 63:9. 1916. 
Parmotrema uruguense (Kremplh.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia uru- 

guensis Kremplh. Flora 61:461. 1878. 
Parmotrema viridiflavum (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionjrm: Parmelia viri- 

diflava Hale, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:274. 1965. 
Parmotrema wainii (A.L. Smith) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

wainii A.L. Smith, Journ. Linn. Soc. London Bot. 46:85. 1922. 
Parmotrema xanthinum (Miill. Arg.) Hale, comb, nov, Basionym: Parmelia 

proboscidea var. xanthina Miill. Arg. Flora 67:616. 1884. 
Parmotrema zollingeri (Hepp) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia zollin- 

geri Hepp in Zoll. Syst. Verz. 9. 1854. 



Delimitation of the Lichen Genus Hypotraahyna (Vainio) Hale 

Mason E. Hale, Jr. 
Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560 



The genus Hypotraohyna^ here proposed as new*, is an extremely homo- 
geneous group of mainly tropical lichens formerly classified under Parme- 
lia subgenus Parmelia section Hypotraohyna (Hale, M. E. and S. Kurokawa, 
Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:160. 196A) . It is characterized by sublinear, 
often elongate, apically subtruncate lobes, adnate to rarely substipitate 
imperforate apothecia, and dichotomously branched rhizines uniformly dis- 
tributed over the black lower surface. The upper cortex consists of pali- 
sade plectenchyma with a pored epicortex (Hale, M. E. Smithsonian Contr. 
Bot. 10:9. 1973), As so delimited the genus contains about 110 species 
occurring mainly at higher elevations in tropical regions. Seventy-seven 
species are known from tropical America and new combinations for these 
species are being made elsewhere (Hale, M. E. Smithsonian Contr. Hot., 
in press) . Following are the species known from Africa and Asia and tem- 
perate America and Europe. 



Hypotrachyna addita (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia addita 

Hale, Phytol. 22:433. 1971. 
Hypotrachyna adducta (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia adducta 

Nyl. Flora 68:610. 1885. 
Hypotrachyna adjuncta (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia ad- 

junata Hale, Phytol. 22:434. 1971. 
Hypotrachyna bostrychodes (Zahlbr.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

bostryahodes Zahlbr, Ann. Crypt. Exot. 1:203. 1928. 
Hypotrachyna citrella (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia ai- 

trella Kurok. in Hale 6. Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:168. 

1964. 



*Hypotrachyna (Vainio) Hale, stat. & comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 
section Hypotraohyna Vainio, Acta Soc, Fauna Flora Fenn. 7(7) :38. 1890. 
Lectotype species: Hypotraahyna hrasiliana (Ny lander) Hale (Basionym: 
Parmelia brasiliana Nyl. Flora 68:611. 1885). 



3U0 



19 7U 



Hale, Delimitation of Hypotrachyna 



3U 



Hypotrachyna crenata (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia are- 

nata Kurok. in Hale 6. Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:168. 1964. 
Hypotrachyna exsecta (Tayl.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia exeeata 

Tayl. Lond. Journ. Bot. 6:166. 1847. 
Hypotrachyna flssicarpa (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

fissiaarpa Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr, U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:175. 

1964. 
Hypotrachyna flexilis (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia flex- 

ilis Kurok. In Kara, The Flora of Eastern Himalaya, 607. 1966. 
Hypotrachyna incognita (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

incognita Kurok. in Hara, The Flora of Eastern Himalaya, 608. 1966. 
Hypotrachyna ikomae (Asah.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia ikomae 

Asah. Journ. Jap. Bot. 28:134. 1953. 
Hypotrachyna infirma (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia in- 

firma Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:179. 1964 
Hypotrachyna keitauensis (Asah.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

keitauensis Asah. Journ. Jap. Bot. 26:293. 1951. 
Hypotrachyna kinabalensis (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

kinabalensis Hale, Journ. Jap. Bot. 40:204. 1964. 
Hypotrachyna kingli (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia kingii 

Hale, Journ. Jap Bot. 43:324. 1968. 
Hypotrachyna leiophylla (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia 

leiophylla Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:179. 

1964. 
Hypotrachyna longiloba (Magn.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia longi 

loba Magn. Ark. Bot. 30B(3):7. 1942. 
Hypotrachyna lividescens (Kurok.) Hale, comb, nov 

lividescens Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr 

1964. 
Hypotrachyna lythgoeana (Dodge) Hale, comb. nov. 

lythgoeana Dodge, Ann. Mo. Bot. Garden 46:100. 1959. 
Hypotrachyna majoris (Vainio) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia ma- 

joris Vainio, Hedw. 37: (33). 1898. 
Hypotrachyna massartii (Hue) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: Parmelia massar 

tii Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 3, 1:168. 1899. 
Hypotrachyna nodakensis (Asah.) Hale, comb. nov. Baslonym: 

nodakensis Asah. Journ. Jap. Bot. 34:266. 
Hypotrachyna orientalis (Hale) Hale, comb, nov 

talis Hale, Phytol. 22:435. 1971. 
Hypotrachyna revolutella (Nyl.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia revo 

lutella Nyl. in Crombie, Journ. Linn. Soc. 16:222. 1878. 
Hypotrachyna rigidula (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. 

dula Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S 
Hypotrachyna scytodes (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. 

saytodes Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. 

1964. 



Basionym: Parmelia 
. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:181. 

Basionym: Parmelia 



1959. 
Basionym: 



Parmelia 
Parmelia orien- 



Basionym: Parmelia rigi- 
Nat. Herb. 36:184. 1964. 
Basionym: Parmelia 
U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:185. 



3U2 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. U 



Hypotrachyna scytophylla (Kurok.) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Parmelia 

soytophylla Kurok. in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:185. 
1964. 

Hypotrachyna taylorensis (Mitch.) Hale, comb. 
taylorensis Mitch. Revista Biol. 2:215. 

Hypotrachyna thryptica (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. 
thrypHoa Hale, Bryol. 75:99. 1972. 

Hypotrachyna virginica (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. 

giniaa Hale in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 36:186. 196A, 

Hypotrachyna xanthoparmelioides (Hale) Hale, comb. nov. Basionym: Par- 
melia xanthopcLrmelioides Hale, Phytol. 23:346. 1972. 



nov. Basionym: Parmelia 
1961. 
Basionym: Parmelia 

Basionym: Parmelia vir- 



ADDITIOMAL NOTES OK TIE G3JU3 TJKESW^ . XXII 
Harold N. liolcenke 



VERBKMA [Dorst.] L. 

Additional F: emended bibliography: Treyn., Prod, r asc . Har. 
PI., ed. 2, 2: lOU. 1739; C Gay, Hist. Fis. Chile Eot. S- 7~ 
2ii, 26, & 28-- 31. 18U9; Twinijag, Fl. Northeast. Perm. 60. 1917; 
Braun, Ecology 2: 177. 1921; S. LoorR, Journ. Linn. 5oc . Lond. 
Bot. h^: 375-373. 1921; Hanson, Xm. Joum. lot. 9' 331. 1922; 
./angerin in Just, Dot. Jahresber. h? (1): 521 •■. 522. 1928; Dole, 
?1. Vt., ed. 3, 223—22!;. 1?37} Hill ■■■ .ialisb., Ind. Hew. iupol. 
10: 33 1- 2ii2. 19li7; n. J. ialisb., Ind. i.'evi. ouppl. 11: 3h, 101, 
f 262 — 263. 19=^3; '.'.. :'. Carleton, Ind. Conarion Ilanes Herb. PI., pr. 
1, 17, U2, 60-62, 6U, 66, 69, 73, 31, 92, 96, 100, I0I4— 107, 

116, 120, £• 125 (1959; and pr. 2, 17, 1;2, 60—62, 6!^, 66, 69, 73, 
81, 92, 96, IcO, lOii— 107, 116, 120, ^ 125. 1962; Piehd, Lich. 
Bot. U: 31. 1965; Lxincan ."■ Stucl-.ey, Klich. Lot. 9: 153 £-• 190, table 
6. I97O; h'usselman, Cochrane, .Hice, £; hice, Lich. Lot. 10: 163 — 
l3h. I97I; iU Bailey, Good Housekeep. 111. ^ncycl. Gard. 15: 2301- 
2303. 1972; Fong, Trojdnkova, Trijdnek, u FarnsvTorth, Llcydia 39: 

117. 1972; Hipual Magallon, Fl. L Veg. Prov. Alicant. 3Ul. 1972; 
Anon., faiol. Abstr. 56 (6): B.A.S.I.C. S.19C, 3.256, S.279, & S. 
281. 1973; :..oldenke, Biol. Abstr. 56: 3OOO. 1973; iarans, Castanea 
39: 31. 1971; Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 290, 291, v 293. 1971;; 
k'ohlenbrock L Voigt, Fl. Soutli. 111. 2G6— 237 -i: 339. 197U'; Lolden- 
ke, Phytologia 28: 2la~26U. 197U. 

Ereynius (1739) describes severjil purported species of Verbena 
•whose exact identity has not yet been determined. These are: 

"VEPvBKIiA vulgaris folio variegate; nobis In Horto Honestissi- 
mae Sapientissimaeque f.iatronae, Doniinae de Flines, collegimus. 
Verbenae !!otae: 1) Flores tubulosi, in extreno vix galea ti f^ labi- 
ati, in cauliiM nee non ramonyn sumno, vel etiam in virgulis e 
folioruEi sede exeuntibus spicatim ut plurimun dispositi; 2) Galix 
foliolis constructus; 3) Semina quaterna oblonga . 

"V ERBSMA Americana procurabens, Vero nicae aq uaticae folio sub - 
rotun do, flosciilis ad folioiTjm alas ; nobis. Teucriu n Americanur.) 
procmr.be ns Veronicae aquaticae foli is s ubrotundis ; i'ermanni, Catal. 
Hort. 

"VERBENA n odiflora rr.ajor Indica , flora niyeo; nobis. In Horto 
Fageliano, nomine Teucrii ."■ Veronicae, leriirus." 

Bailey (1972) gives an interesting description of this genus as 
it occurs in garden cultivation in which he says that it is "A large 
genus of annuals and perennials, almost all native to the U. S." — 
a statement which is untrue since at least 321* presently accepted 
taxa in it are not native to the United btates . The rest of "nis 
description applies mostly' only to xV. hybrida Voss and a few other 
species of the Glandular ia type, but not to the genus as a whole: 

3U3 



3U1| PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

"Attractive, rounded clusters of snail, tubular flowers in a 
larf^e color range from vJ'hite through every shade of red and blue 
make the hardj,"- species excellent garden plants, and the tender 
species useful cool-greenhouse plants. These plants are often 
fragrant and are in bloor. all sumner. Fine for the border, the 
rock garden, as edgings, as ground cover in bulb beds, for cutting, 
The spreading habit of most of the species, vath the acconpanying 
stem-rooting, gives a solid, natlike growth that makes a strong 
color contrast. Full sun and rich garden soil are required. 
Propagate by seeds started indoors in late Larch, except in veiy 
warm sections, where seeds may be sown outdoors where the plants 
are -wanted. If a specially fine color in a plant is wanted again 
the following season, stem cuttings should be rooted and -ivintered 
over in a cold frame or cool greenhouse. Perennial species are 
hardy to Zone 5«" 

The Aus tin UOjl, distributed as Verbena sp., is actually 
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (L. C. Rich.) Vahl. 

VERBBM ABBMISI tioldenke 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. k,23: 290 & 
291. 197U; Moldenke, Fhj^tologia 28: 195 f' 2h9 . 197U. 

VERBENA ALATA Sweet 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 290. 
197U; lloldenke, Pl^-tologia 28: 110. 197U. 

VEKBEJR AlfflROSIFGLIA Rydb. 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 290 & 
291. 197iii Koldenke, Phytologia 28: 2iil— 2U2. 197U. 

Higgins encountered this plant in oak- juniper-grassland com- 
munities and in gravelly soil of pinyon-Ju niperus communities, 
flowering in Julj"-. Laterial has often been nisidentified and 
distributed in herbaria as V. wrighti i A. Graj^, a ver^' similar 
species as to glandular pubescence and range, but easily dis- 
tinguished in most cases by its uriiformly much shorter calyx- 
lobes . 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Brewster Co.: Von Schrenk 32 (S — 
11112ii5;) . lIE'iV MEXICO: Catron Co.: L^ C. H iggins 7765 (N) . 
Harding Co.: L^ C_. Higgins 69l;0 (N) . 

VERBENA ARISTIGERA S. lloore 

Additional bibliography: Lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 111. 197i4. 

The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color when 
fresh on Ha tschbach 2 3881). and this collector found the plant 
growing in "canpo limpo algo umido" in Mato Grosso, Brazil. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Mato Grosso: Hatschbach 2388It 
(V^~2705322). ARGENTINA: Chaco: Venturi 9780 (E— 980820) . 

VSEBENA ATACM'ENSIS Reich 

Additional bibliograply: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 111. 197U. 
The recording of this species from Formosa, Argentina, by me 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 3U5 

in py "Fifth Sumriarj'" (1971) is an error — the- record should 
read "Lendoza" . 

xVJjiBKrJA BAILKYAIiA Loldeniie 

Additional bibliography: Loldenke, Phytolo^ia 23: 21i;. 1972. 

The two specixens fror. the Bernliardi Herbarium, cited below, 
are ver^'- different in appearance and are not accoinpanied by any 
easily decipherable infonnation as to where or when they were 
collected. The one on sheet no. 113037 was obviously a large and 
vi^^orous plant and bears much reserriblance to the type of this hy- 
brid. The other, on sheet no. II8O36, is a much smaller and more 
slender and delicate plant .vith smaia, deeply incised leaves. It 
is placed here questionably on the assumption that it represents 
a depauperate speed men. 

Additional citations: LCCALITY OF CCLUCTICN UlILnrZHIlJlIIB : 
Kerb. Bemhardi s.n. (E— 113036, 3—113037) . 

VsEBEJIA EALAMSAi: Brio. 

Additional bibliof;raphy: Lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 112. 1971*. 
Additional citations': PARAGUAY: Jttrgensen U582 (!:— IOO6I8I) . 

ViiKBE^IA ELRTHRII (Leisn.) Schau. 

rinended synonyry: Verbena berterii Schau. ex C. Cay, Hist. Fis. 

Chile Bot. 5: 9. I3h9. 

Additional bibliopraohy: t'.oldenke, Fhytologia 23: 112 L 2li8 . 
19 7U. 

Gay (l3Li9) corj-.ents that "^sta se halla en los nismos lu^ares 
que la que antecede [V_. su lphurea D. Don] y le es i^ualmente muy 
parecida en su traza, en la forma de sus hojas, en la disposicion 
de sus cabezuelas, etc. Sin eribargo la V_. Berteri i se distingue 
Ic suficiente por la vellosidad nu;^'" corta y ir.uy apretada que 
cubre sus ramas, por el color ceniciento 6 rosado de sus f lores y 
nunca aiuarillentas y sobrotodo por el apendice de sus anteras no 
visibles al esterior. £1 sefior Schauer le da ademas cono cardcter 
propio el de tener el cdliz contornado sobre el fruto, pero esta 
particularidad se observa tambien en las V, sulfurea , erinoides , 
etc." 

1:^B2'^VA BIPiraATIIlLA Nutt. 

Additional biblioj^raphy: Fong, Trojinkova, Trojdnek, L Farns- 
worth, Lloydia 39: 11^7.* 1972; Loldenke, Phytologia 23: 2U2. 197U. 

HigF;in3 reports this species from sandy soil in the mesquite- 
Yucca -shortrrass community and in the mesquite-juniper woodland. 
The L_^ C. Kiig^i ns 69LO, distributed as V. bipin n atifida , is actu- 
ally V_^ amlirosi folia , vrhile L. C. Higgins 6871 is V. 'wrightii A. 
Cray. The Knauz s .n. [7/2/UlTcollection, cited below, is a mix- 
ture with V. tenuisecta Briq, 

Additional citations: LCUISIAKA: Orleans Par.: K nauz s.n. [7/ 
2/lil] (E~13C2053). 01J^\K01.!A: Harmon Co.: L. C. Higg ins 7285 (N) . 
TERS: Childress Co.: L. C. Kiggins s.n. [h. June 1973TTNr. 1I3V 



3li6 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

I'KiaCO: Catron Co.: 3ggle_s ton 20U25 (£—102^533). ARIZOI^: 
County undetemined: Eby s.n. [June 1899] (£—131691). LSXICO: 
Zacatecas: Rinehart 13h6 (E— 21[i9ii31) . 

V3iBEm BONARiaiSIS L. 

Additional bibliography: R. Bailey, 3ood Housekeep. 111. Ency- 
cl. Gard. 15: 2301. 1972; Fong., Trojinkova, Trojinek, Z: Farns- 
worth, Lloydia 39: Ihl . 1972; I,'olden]-:e , Phytologia 28: 2U2 & 2^2. 

19 7U. 

Ealakrishnan encountered this species "close to vegetable cul- 
tivation" in Ceylon. The corollas are said to have been "light- 
mauve" in color vrhen fresh on Baiakrish nan MBK.1033 . Eailey 
(l'^72) refers to then as "lavender". 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Paran£: Ilatschbach 251;83 ('•'.'— 
2706790). P.^RAGUAY: T. Ropas s.n . [Hassler 2159] (E~l575ll(0) . 
ARCE:m:a: Puenos Aires: A^ T. Hunziker h062 (E— 1305960) . C1':Y- 
LON: Baiakrishnan ::DK.1033 (V/~2760362) . 

VER3j;M\ BOM^lRIEIISIS var. C0NaL01SPu\TA Briq. 

Additional bibliograpj^: Loldenke, Phj^tologia 25: I96. 197li. 
Additional citations : PAPjVGUAY: liassler 893U (E~1575223) . 

VERBEMA BRiVCTEATA Lag. & Rodr. 

Additional L enended bibliography: Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. k9 (2): 5l3. 1932; Dole, Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 22U. 1937; llussel- 
Ean, Cochrane, Rice, &■. Rice, Mich. Bot. 10: 183. 1971; MohJ.enbrock 
t- Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 286—287 & 389. 197ii} Moldenke, PtiQrtolo- 
gia 23: 2U2. 19714. 

Kiggins reports this species as a member of the pinyon- juniper 
and the mesguite -Yucca -shortgrasa communities. Gay (I31i9) includes 
it in his work on the flora of Chile, but with the following com- 
laant: "En la quiita noticia de las plantas raras del jardin bot^n- 
ico de Ginebra, A. de Candolle indica esta especie como propia igu- 
al^iante de Chile, lo que es muy dudoso." I have seen no material 
of it frorc Chile. 

Dole (1937) records this species from fields and waste places in 
Caledonia and Rutland Counties, Vermont, while Iv'usselman and his 
associates (1971), calling it "creeping vervain", record it as "in- 
frequent" on dry roadsides in Rock County, Wisconsin. Hitchcock 
found it on alkali flats in Montana. The En gelmann s.n. , cited be- 
low, consists only of floral dissections. 

Additional citations: I.nSSOURI: Saint Louis City: Engelmann s.n. 
(E~117332); Fairbu rn & Lowenhaupt s.n. [July 8, 1933] (E~llu6773y. 
ICNTAKA: V^eatland Co.: C^ L^ Hitchcock 2h27 (E~1083765). TEXAS: 
Childress Co.: L^ C_. Higgins 70UI (N). NE./ MEXICO: Eddy Co.: L. C. 
Higgins 7356. Socorro Co.: Fleetwood 761 (W— 2706238). 

VERBEM ERASILIEIBIS Veil. 

Additional bibliography: L'oldenke, Phytologia 23: I96 & 251. 
197U. 



197li Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 2h7 

Recent collectors refer to this plant as a shrab ("arbusto") 
0.7 — 1 M. tall and have found it r^roT/ing in "brejo" and at the 
edr.e of streams. The corollas are aaid to hav3 been "lilac" in 
color on Hatschbach 33CIC ' 33613 and Kunmrovr 103 . Knauz found 
the specimen cited below "in a cemetery-", but I assune that it this 
not in ctiltivation there. The J. oteinbach collection cited below 
has previously boon cited by me from othor herbaria as V^ litoral- 
is II.3.K., but this specimen, at least, seeris better placed as V. 
brasiliensis. Certainly it cannot be regarded as typical V_^ litor - 
alis, but it could conceivable represent its var. caracasana 
(K.B.K.) Briq. 

Additional citations: FLORIDA: Escambia Co.: Brinker 26 (E — 
1225020). L0UI3IAMA: Orleans Par.: Knauz s .ru [ 7/2/al] (E— 
1302067). BRAZIL: Parand: Katschbach 3361 ^ (Ac), 336l3 (Ld); 
KummroTT 103 (Gz). BOLIVIA: ianta Cruz: J^ Steinbach 6757 (E-— 
936)i5l) . CHILE: Valdivia: HoUermayer s.n. [./erdennann 1362] (E-- 
9ii0360) . 

V^RBEIL'^ CALLIAOTH/i Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, Phytologia 28: 1?7. 197U. 

Additional citations: LOCALITY OF CGLLECTIOIi UlfJCTIlRlIIinD: 
Fendler s,n. (E— 117597) . 

VyRBEMA CANADENSIS (L.) Britten 

Additional bibliography: Braun Ecology 2: I77. I92I; V/anger- 
in in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 50 (1): 135. 1?29; R. V.. Carleton, Ind. 
Cormon Names Herb. PI., pr. 1, 100 (1959) and pr. 2, 100. 1962j R. 
Bailey, jood Housekeep. 111. Encycl. Card. 15: 2301—2302. 1972; 
Mohlenbrock i Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 286, 287, & 389. I97I1: Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 28: 2U3 & 25li. 1971 y(u, Moxaen- 

Additional illustrations: R. Bailey, Good Housekeep. i±J.. in- 
cycl. Gard. 15: 2301. 1972. 

Carleton (1962) ivrites the co.nmon name v/'hich he accepts for this 
species "Rockj-'-Mountain-vervain" . Actually, "rose vervain" is a far 
better name for the plant since it is not at all a characteristic 
Rocky fountain plant as the name he adopts would sug.^est. Bailey 
(1972) gives its natural distribution as "from the Southwest and 
Mexico", but this, also, is misleading- I'ta natiiral distribution 
is from Illinois to Tennessee, southern Pennsj'lvaxiia, Virginia, and 
Florida, west to Colorado and Texas. It is not known from I.'exico nor 
from what is usually meant by the "Southwest". Llichj^an and llinne- 
3ota records m.a.y be the result of introductions . It is not known 
from Canada. Bailey refers to the flowers as "pink or purple" and 
notes that the species is "txcalleat for the front of the border, 
as stems root and produce many blossons." 

The Herb . tuissouri Bot. Gard. 117739 , cited below, is a mixture 
with V. peruviana (L.) Britton. 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: Missouri: Herb. Vissouri Bot. 
Gard. 117739, in part (E) . 



3li8 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

V=P3EN/i CANESCiNS H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: loldenke, Phytologia 23: 2li3, 2U6, 
2li7, >i 2$8. 197u. 

Clark encountered this species on rocky mesas in Hidalgo. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Hidalgo: 0. M. Clark 70$9 (E— 
1287829) . 

VERBENA CANESCEIC var. ROEISRIANA (Scheele) Perry 

Additional bibliofuraphy: i:oldenke, Phytologia 28: 201—202. 

197ii. 

Additional citations: TEXA.3: Brewster Co.: Von Schrenk 33 (E — 

11112Uii) . 

ViJEBEM CAJHUEIBIS Koldenke 

Additional bibliography: lloldenke, Pliytologia 23: 202. 1?7U. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Hatschbach 20177 (V/~ 
2706U89). 

VSRBSIiA CAROLIM L. 

Additional bibliography: Lloldenlce, Phytologia 23: 2U3 S; 2>2. 

197ii. 

Recent collectors have encountered this species in the thorn 
scrub community with many Caesalpiniac eae , Limosaceae , and Rham - 
naceae. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Nuevo Le6n: Dziekanowski , Dunn , 
& Eolingbroke 1712 (E— 2112Ja5) . 

TiilBEMA CMEITLAIOAlil Lloldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 186. i972. 

Additional citations: ARGEIJTINA: Province undetermined: JOrg en - 
sen 86 [El SaldiUo] (E— 82U562) . 

VERBEM CILIATA Benth. 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, Pl^tologia 28: 2U3. 197U. 

Clark encountered this species on dry mesas in Hidalgo, while 
Dziekanowski and his associates found it growing in an "area of 
thorn scrub, mesquite, and cactusj Lupinus along roadbank and 
shoulder of waterhole." 

Additional citations: ISXICO: Guanajuato: Dziekanowski , Dunn , 
& Eolingbroke 179U (N) . Hidalgo: 0. K^ Clark JOhh (E--1237327) . 

VERBENA CORBBOSA Ruiz ^ Pav. 

Additional bibliography: lloldenJ^e, Phytologia 28: 205. 197U. 

Gay (I31t9) comments that this "Planta encontrada en el Peril y 
que se cria igualraente en la isla de la Laja y en la provincia de 
Valdivia, en Pichi, etc. Florece por enero, etc." 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatsclib ach 2_t!3l6 (tf — 
2706775). CHILE: Valdivia: HoUeroayer s.n. t.*erderr.ann 1170] (E— 
93896U) . 

VERBENA CUNEIFOUA Ruiz & Pav. 

Additional bibliograpr^: lloldenke, Phytologia 23: 195 — 196 & 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Vert>ena 3U9 

U13. 1972. 

Gay (l31i9) coiraner.ts that this "rispecie orijinaria del Peru y 
que se cria i^ualmente en las Cordilleras de Chile entre tjantiago 
7 Lendoza. rTorece por narzo, etc." I have as yet seen no spec- 
iraens of it f ron: Chile . 

xVZHBSKA DS.^ai ;.:oldenke 

Additional bibliosraohy: I.ioldenke, Pirrtolocia 23: 196 .'-. 206. 
197U. 

The ii^cgsrt speciiren cited below was originally nisidentified 
and distributed as oalvia sp. 

Additional citatioas: MISSOURI: Butler Co.: L^gert s.n. [Poplar 
Eluff, July 27, 1392] (£—2168583). 

ViJRBENA DELTIGOLA Small 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, iixcerpt. 5ot. A. 23: 290. 
197ii; iloldenke, Phytologia 23: 206. 197U. 

The Dunn ^ Dunn 19090 , dis:.ributed as V_, delticola, is actually 
V. elegans H.3.K. 

VmStNA DISbSCTA V/iUd. 

Additional bibliography: Uoldenke, Phytologia 23: 206 L 2U3. 
197U. 

The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color when fresh 
on Venturi 5261i. 

This species appears to be based on an unnumbered ]I^e collec- 
tion from Chile. Gay (I3[i9) says "N^e la encontr6 en el sur de la 
Republica", but I have seen no material from Chile and wonder if 
this may not be another case of a mis-labeled Nee collection. The 
species is most common in Argentina. 

Additional citations: AHC:-:OTINA: Jujuy: Venturi 526U (E— 963-12). 

VSREENA ELHJANS H.3.K. 

Additional bibliorraphy: »:oldeni:e, Phytolocia 23: 2lt3. 197U. 

The Dunns encountered this species "on west [=v/et?] rock;r slope, 
Eiuch of area cultivated or grazed, man^' rock ferns i: cacti." 

li^aterial of thia species has been nisidentified and cistr.buted 
in som.e herbaria as V. d elticola onall and as V. pulcherrlr.a l.ort. 

Additional citations: LZXICO: Hidalgo: Dunn ^ Dunn I9O9O (I.') • 
LOCALITY 0? COLLiCTION raDETEIH-III^: Herb. Idssouri 3ot. Card. 
118557 (E) . 

V-JxffiENA ELEGAHS var. ASPSRATA Perry 

Additional bibliography: J.:oldenke, Phytoloeia 23: 2o6 S: 208— 
209. 197U. 

Additional citations: LIEXICO: fftievo Lc6n: Dunn , DzieKanowski , -^ 
Eolingbroke 20129 (E— 211211^6) . ~ 

xVaREGia jJUGELLj^mJII l,:oldenke 

Additional synort/my: Verbena hastata x urticifolia Pepoon ex 
llohlenbrock iL: Voirt,Fl. South. 111. 287. 19 7U. 



350 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

Additional bibliography: Dole, Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 22I4.. 1937; I.ioh-i 
lenbrock ^: Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 236, 237, 2= 38?. 1971;; Loldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 2I4I4. 197U. 

Mohleribrock L Voigt (197U) record this hybrid from Hardin County, 
Illinois. Dole (1937) calls it "tliread-foot vervain" and records 
it from Addison, Bennington, Rutland, and Jindsor Counties, Ver- 
mont, citing unnumbered collections by Blanchard, Dutton, Kittredge, 
and Kirk. The Engelmann s.n. cited below consists of only floral 
dissections . 

Additional citations: ItllbSOURI: Saint Louis City: Engelmann s. 
n. (S— 117332). 

VilBENA EPIEDROIDES Cham. 

Additional bibliography: toldenke, Phytologia 23: 209. I97u. 

The corollas on Hatschbach 22316 /'i 32301 are said to have been 
"lilac" in color when fresh and this collector has found the plant 
growing on wet campos and in compact formations in "bre jo" . He re- 
fers to it as a shrub 1.5 m. tall and found it in flaver and fruit 
in November. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Hatschbach 22316 (¥ — 
2705 7li6), 32301 (Z). 

V.:HSEN;v FILICAULIS Schau. 

Additional bibliography: lioldenke, Phytologia 23: 209 — 210. 
1972i. 

Hatschbach has collectea this plant in "brejo", flowering in 
November. The corollas are said to have been "lilac" in color 
T.'hen fresh on Halschbacl- 33hli2 and "violet" on Hatschbach 223^9 « 
The latter specimen appears to have been a most remarkably husky, 
appareiitly firrily erect plant with extra large leaves. It may rep- 
resent a distinct fona or variety. 

Additional citations: BPjVZIL: Paran£: Hatschbach 22859 (Ld) , 
33U;2 (Ac); Hatschbach , Smith, £ Klein 28261; (',;-- 2 706 7 71; ) . 

VERBEIIA GOODDIICII Briq. 

Additional bitliographj': I'olcenke, Phytologia 28: 20U & 210 — 
211. 1971;. 

The L_. C. Higgins 6273 , distributed as t^'-pical Vj_ gooddingii , 
is actually- var. nepetif olia Tidestr, 

Additional citations: ARIZOMA: Gila Co.: Foster k Arnold 261; (E— 
1206355) . 

VERBEM GOODDINGII var. NEPETIFOLIA Tidestr. 

Additi-nal bibliograohy: Koldenlre, Phytologia 28: 20li L 211. 
1971;. 

Higgins has reported this plant as a member of the Larrea -desert 
shrub community in Arizona. 

Additional citations: ARIZOIiA.: Pima Co.: L^ C_. Higgins 6278 (M) . 

VERBEM GR.\CILESGEHS (Cham.) Herter 

Additional bibliography: Loldenke, Phytologia 28: 211—212.1971;. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 351 

The corollas ai-e described as having been "clear violet" in 
color Y;hen fresh on Venturi >ii71- Ifi addition to months previous- 
ly reported by me, this plant has been collected in fr\xj.t in Octo- 
ber. The Less en U66 collection is a mixture with _V. rnontevidensis 
Spreng. 

Additional citations: AHC-OTIJil: Chaco: JOrgen sen 2U61Y (E— 
S3178O) . Gorrientes: Lessen h66, in part ( b— 920310)". Salta: Ven - 
turi $171 (£—961393) . 

Y"JPX?.li\ aU^r-iAIflTICA (Troncosc) !:oldenke 

Additional bibliography: V.ocKir^r,, ilxcerpt. Eot. A. 23: 290. 197i;; 
Loldenke, Phytolopia 28': 212. 197U. 

V[IIb:-;i:'v iialei smaii 

Additional biblicrranhy : ::oldenl-:e, Phytolcgia 2°: 2iil4 L 253. 
197U. 

Additional citations: LOC.-IITY CF CGLLLCTIC:,' UI'IDETDRiaKED: 
Herb. Chapman 6125 (3~ll5365) . 

Additional 3vnor:;/:.y: Verben a basslerana •lockinr;, ixcorpt. 3ot, 
A. 23: 293, sphalr.. 197U. 

Additional biblio^raplr-: liockinr, Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 293. 197lij 
rolc!en}ce, Phytolocia 23: 213. l??!^. 

V-JH:-I::>L; ILAS.->LiRH::A var. 3IAinjUL05A .VoldenJce 

ijynoniTny: Verbena basslera na var. glandulosa Hocking:, Jxcerpt. 
Bot. A. 23: 293, 'sphaLT.. 197U. 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, lixcerpt. Bot. A. 23: 293« 197Ui 
Loldenke, Phytologia 23*: 213. 1971. 

ViniEEIlA KA5TATA L. 

Additional synonyv:y: Verb ena amer i cariS urtica e foli o minor e , 
floribus dilute pur pu reis min oribus 3reyn., Prod. Fasc . Har. PI., 
ed. 2, 2: lOlT. 1739. 

Additional ■■ eriended bibliography: Breyn., I*rod, Fasc. Rar. PI., 
ed. 2, 2: ICI4 . 1739; Tvfinir^, Fl. Northeast. Penn. 60. 1917; V/an- 
f'.erin in Just, Bot. Jahiresber. U9 (1): 521. 1928; Fedde in 
Just, Bot. Jahresber. h? (2): 519. 1932; Dole, Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 22U. 
1937; It. v.. Garleton, Ind. Common Names Herb. PI., pr. 1, 15, 17, & 
66 (1959) and pr. 2, I5, 17, v 66. 1962; Piehl, i'ich. Bot. U: 31. 
1965; Duncan />: Stuckey, Mich. Bot. 9: I83 ^^ 190, table 6. 1970; 
::usselman, Cochrane, Rice, i- rdce, Vdch. Bot. 10: I83. 1971; R. 
Bailey, Good Ilousekeep. 111. Jncycl. Card. 15: 2302. 1972; r'ocking, 
Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 290. 197li; I.-ohlenbrock '; Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 
286, 237, & 339. 197b; i'oldenke, Phytologia 23: 2hh. 1971. 

Additional illustrations: ?.. Bailey, Good Kousekeep. 111. 2n- 
cycl. Gard. 15: 2302. 1972. 

Dole (1937) reports this species as corx;on in vTaste places and 
pastures and along v;atercourses at the lov/er altitudes in Vermont. 
Duncan £: Stuckey (1970) found it on Big Chicken Island in the Cana- 



352 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

dian part of Lake Erie. l!usselraan and hia associates refer to it 
as coriFon in low open groimd in Rock County, .Wisconsin. Piehl 
(1965) reports that it is sorietimes host to Pedicularis lanceola - 
ta as evidenced by dead haustoria and/or haustorial scars, at 
least in l.iichiean. The S ngelmann s.n. cited below consists only 
of floral dissections. 

Eailey (1972) says of this plant: "A handsoKe native perennial, 
ccannon in fields of N, America. .. .Grows 3 to U ft. high in sun or 
partial shade. A colorful addition to the late sunrier landscape. 
Attractive to honeybees." Garleton (i962) adopts the name "blue 
American vervain" for this plant and notes that "iron-weed", also 
-ften applied to it, belongs likewise [and more advisedly] to the 
genus Verno nia and to Gentaurea nigra . 

Additional citations: I.'.ISSOUEl: Saint Louis City: £ngelmann s. 
n^ (2—117332). 

ViKBENA EAS'IATA f . ROSEA Cheney 

Additional synonj,Tny: Verbenae americanae , urticae f olio , flore 
carneo Hort. ex Ereyn., Frod. .asc. Rar. PI., ed. 2, 2: lOU, in 
syn. 1739. 

Additional bibliography: Breyn., Prod. Fasc. Rar. PI., ed. 2, 
2: lCi4. 1739 j Loldenke, Phj-tologia 28: 217. 197U. 

VERBEM FATSC.HBACHI Loldenke 

Additional bibliography: Loldenke, Ph^tologia 28: 218. 197U. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: ParanS: Hatschbach 2U707 (W— 
2706927) . 

VSR35;MA HERTERI lloldenke 

Additional bibliography: lloldenke, Ph^^tologia 23: 268. 1972. 
Additional citations: mUGUAY: Herter 979 (5— 933821— isotype). 

VERBENA HIRTA Spreng. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 218—219. 

197ii. 

The corollas are described as having been "lilac" in color 
when fresh on Hatschbach 3275U, 33olIt , "' 33775 . Hatschbach has 
encountered the species in canpos, "campo limpo", and "campo seco", 
flowering and fruiting in January, October, and December, 

Additional citations: BRAi.IL: Paranfi: Hatschbach 3275^ (A-c), 
33611^ (Gz), 33775 (Ld) . 

VERBENA HIRTA var. GRACILIS Dus^n 

Additional bibliography: Lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 219. 197U. 

The corollas are described as "lilac" in color on Hatschbach 
32852 , which was collected in "faxinal" . 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: i'arand: Hatschbach 32852 (Ld) . 

VERBEM HISPIDA Ruiz & Pay. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 219—220. 
197U. 



19 7U Uoldenke, Notes on Verbena 353 

The corollas are said to have been "blue" on Venturi 3702 , 
"violet" on Venturi 5370, and "un poco rosad:do" on JOrgensen 
2633. 

Additional citations: AHG'rifJTIlIA: Formosa: JOrgensen 2638 (E — 
866618). Jujuy: Venturi £370 (2— 963120). Salta: Venturi 3702 
(E~960h06). 

V31BKNA H00K:LRIAIIA (Covas r.-. Schnack) L'oldenke 

Additional bibliography: Lioldenice, Phytologia 23: 220. 197U. 

Kunziker reports this species as "frequent" in La Panpa, Argen- 
tina. 

Additional citations: ARG^Jimil^: La PanDa: A^ T^ ilun ziker U079 
(E— 1305957) . 

VERBENA PimaFUbA Cham. 

Additional bibliographj': Lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 220, 1971. 
Additional citations: PARAGUAY: Hassler 9U79 (E— 1575188). 

xVERBENA ifYBRIDA Voss 

Additional bibliography: P.. Bailey, Good Hcusekeep. 111. En- 
cycl. Oard. 15: 2302 L 2303. 1972; lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 2i'ii— 
2U5 & 263. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: R. Bailey, Good Housekeep. 111. En- 
cycl. Gard. 15: 2302 ^ 2303 (in color). 1972. 

Horticultural varieties of this plant, in addition to those 
previously recorded by me in this series of notes, are "Dreer's 
IJammoth Pure V/'hite", "Dreer's Mammoth Scarlet Shade", and "~nite 
I'ammoth" . 

^iy wife and I have seen this plant in outdoor garden cultiva- 
tion in Japan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, India, and Pakis- 
tan, and have collected it, also in outdoor cultivation, at 7000 
elevation in Ceylon, the corollas were deep-red, flowering in 
January . I have also personally seen it in outdoor cultivation 
in Egypt, The Earchet collection cited below does not have any 
indication on its label to the effect that it came fror. cultiva- 
ted plants, but I am assuming that it die. 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: Ceylon: lloldenk e , I..oldenke, 
Jayasuriya , ^ Sumit hraarachchi 23291 (".i~2761i503) . Cliina: Za rchet 
s.n. [Chekiang] (E — 117al;6) . Missouri: Engelmann s.n. [June 13^2] 
(E~117330)i F endler s,n. [1/.. B. G, U/6/6I] {Z—IYJ^); S.CJ. 6/ 
OU (E~ll635o); C_^ H. Thompson 150 (E— 762933), l5l (E— 76293U) . 
New York: jV. Trelease s.n. [Ithaca, Sept. 10, 1378] (E~117793). 
Ohio: Luke s.n, [Ohio St, Univ., Aug. 1, '99] (B~ll32U5). Texas: 
J, Reverchon s,n, [Eallas, 1875] (S~ll3371). 

xVERBENA ILLICITA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 2U5. 19U7. 

The Engelmann s,n. cited below consists solely of floral dissec- 
tions , 

Additional citations: MISSOURI: Saint Louis City: Engelmann s »n. 
(E— 117332). 



3^U PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

VilRBEM INCI5A ilook. 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, P-.Ttolocia 28: 21;!^— 2U6. 
I97I4. 

The Rojas specimens cited below, from the "lower Pilconayo", 
could have been collected either in Paraguay or in the province 
of Formosa, Argentina, depending on which side of the river they 
".vere growing. 

Additional citations: ARC-EUTXllA: Chaco: Jt5rgensen 2ii66 (E — 
831779) . PARAGUAY: T. Rojas 2$ii (S— 157U351;) , 2^6 (E— 157U352) . 

VERBim II.^TEPJi'SDIA Gill. & Hook. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 2L6— 2ii7. 
197ii. 

In addition to the months previously reported by me, this spe- 
cies has been collected in fruit in L'arch, growing at 300 m. alti- 
tude. The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color when 
fresh on Krapovickas 2951- 

Additional citations: AHGENTIM: Euenos Aires: Krapovickas 
29^1 (E— 1305752). Formosa: JOrgensen 3W (E— 867089). 

VERBENA JORDANENSIS I.^oldenl:e 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 2ii7. 1?7U. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parana : Ilatschbach 22S33 C-'^— 
270571^7) . 

VEREEM LACIMATA (L.) Eriq. 

Additional bibliography: R. Bailey, Good Ilousekeep. 111. En- 
cycl. Gard. 1^: 2302. 1972j i:oldenke, Phytologia 28: 2ii7— 2^9. 
197ii. 

Bailey (1972) describes this as "A tender perennial of S. Amer- 
ica, generally grown as an annual. Spreading stems, v;hich root 
readily, have dense, terminal clusters of lavender flov/ers." 

VERBEM LIPOZYGIOIDES V/alp. 

Additional bibliography: k'oldenke, Phytologia 23: 288. 1972. 

Additional citations: LOCALITY OF COLLLCTION UIGETEP1.INED: 
Kerb. Bernhardi I36 (E~ll805l) . 

VERlffiNA LITORALIS H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 2^0 — 2^2. 
197U. 

J. Steihbach 6757 has been cited by me froia various herbaria 
as V. literal is ; hovrever, the Iviissouri Botanical Garden sheet of 
this nwiber seems to be better placed as V. brasiliens is Veil. 
Certainly it is not typical V. litoralis . The other sheets of 
this collection should be reexamined. 

Gay (I31i9) says that this "Planta muy comun en los canpos, las 
huortas de la Serena, Santiago, etc. Contra la opinion de Hooker 
y "Jalpers, la miramos, lo misno que Schauer, como especie bien 
distinta de la V. bonariensis , que no se encuentra en Chile; se 
diferencia sobretodo por sus hojas pecioladas y no amplexicaules. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 355 

ni tanpoco irrogulanuant-e dentadas, per sus peciolos mas delfados 
y sus rioreg inferiores apartidas." 

Aduitional citations: V,;!: :ZUr;LA: Ara^ua: I'encller 3^2 (IL — 
II759I4) . GAL\?'\C-O.S ISLAWtei: Indefati-able: L^v^que 132 (.<— 
2670U33) . 

VMiDEMA LITOlULIS var. CARACASANA (H.B.K.) Eriq. 

Additional bibliography: Iloldenlte, Phytolo^ia 28: 252. 1?7J4. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as a prostrate shrub 
["arbusto"] alon^: roadsides, coirunon in patches, at altitudes of 700 
to U2OO meters . ichvin '-. Schiinke Vigo f oiind it flov/erin^: Pizvi 1 ruit- 
ing in July. The corollas are describee as havir^^ been "purp±9" 
on Sd'/dn i Schu -Jce Vigo 33B3. 

Additional citations: PJRU: JunJn: J-..-/ in .": och unlce Vi.-Q 3333 
(Ld). 

^/?PJ331I.\ L03ATA Veil. 

Addition:il bibliography: !:oldenke, Vivjtoloz'j-O. 23: 253. 1?7U. 

The corollas are said to have been "lilac" in color when fresh 
on Hats chbach 323 31; and tha plant v/as found gr^.ving at the ed;^e 
of a stream. 

Additional citations: hlt\L.lL: Farand: Katsciibach 323 3U (Ld). 

VHRBEiil L03ATA var. 5ESSILIS toldenlce 

Additional bibliorraphy: Moldenlce, Phytolot;ia 23: 296. 1972. 

The corollas are described as having been "violet" in color 
when fresh on Hatschbach 33U7u and this collector describes the 
plant as procumbent, ^'rowing in "brejo" at the ed:^e of "corrego". 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Paran4: Ifatschbach 33't73 (Ld). 

VERBENA iJlCDOUGALII Heller 

Additional bibliography: Fong, Trojdnkova, Troj^nek, ^ Farns- 
worth, Lloydia 39: l]i7. 1?72; Moldenl-:e, Py^tolo{;ia 23: 253— 25U i 
258. 19 7U. 

Higgins found this species growing in the sandy soil of Salix - 
Juniperus corjnunities in Arizona, 

Additional citations: ARIZONA: Apache Co.: L^ C_. Higgins 7803 
(N). 

VERB::;M L'EG.iVPOT.lLIICA Spreng. 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, Phj-tologia 23: 255. 1971;. 

Additional citations: URUGUAY: Herb. Bernhardi s.n. [lionte- 
video] (E— II8OI16). 

'/:-iiBENA l!J;:n'HAEFOLIA Benth. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phc-tologia 23: 255—256. 
197U. 

The corollas are said to have been "light-purple" when fresh on 
]!_. S. Gentr:,^ m9_3 . 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Chihuahua: lU S. Gentry 15U2 (E — 
1102371). Sonora: H. S. Gentry lU93 (E— 110236111. 



356 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

VERBEMiV KICl^OPHYLLA K.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerpt. 3ot. A. 23: 2?0. 
l?7i;; roxdenice, ?h5rbolo£:ia 28: 2:^6. 197U. 

ViRBEM iai-IUTII'1.0RA 3riq. 

Additional bibliosraT^hy: Koldenke, Phytoloeia 23: 2^2 £•. 2^6— 
257. 197li. 

Hatschbach found this plant growing in "brejo" and describes 
the color of the corollas on his no, 33586 as "lilac". 

Additional citations: BPlAZIL: ParanT: Hatschbach 25327 (W — 
2706935), 33586 (Ld). 

xVSKBEM LIOECHIM IJoldenlce 

Additional bibliograpliy: Uoldenke, Phytologia 28: 257. 197i4.« 
The Engelmann s.n. cited below consists only of floral dissec- 
tions . 

Additional citations: MISSOURI: Saint Louis City: EngeLnann s. 
n. (S— 117332). 

VEPwBENA MOKACENSIS Koldenke 

Additional bibliograpl^: Koldenke, Phytologia 23: 371. 1972. 

The Moldenke collection, cited below, from an altitude of 1550 
feet, had its corollas rose-pint: in color when fresh and was 
flowering in Januarj'-. The bractlets are shortly triangular and 
the calyx pubescence is appressed and sparse. It has been con- 
fused with V. tenera Sprang, and I suspect that much of the cul- 
tivated material novi going under that name is actually V^ monacen - 
sis . 

Additional citations: CULTIVATED: Ceylon: Collector undesigna - 
ted s.n, [Dickapitiya, Aur-ust 23, 1958] (Pd); L^oldenke, Lloldenke , 
& Jayasuriya 23l50 (*7~276Uli25) . 

VERBENA MGlTrEVIDEI^ISIS Spren-. 

Additional bibliograohy: Lloldenke, Phytologia 28: 252 S: 257. 
1971^. 

Lossen 1^66 , cited below, is a mixture vd.th V. gracilescens 
(Cham.) Herter. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 28U6U {\l — 
2706626). ARGEHTINA: Corrientes: Lossen U66, in part (E~9303iiO). 

VERBENA NEOKEXICAM (A. Gray) Small 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 23: 258 — 259. 
1971; . 

The L_. C_. Higgins 7317, aistributed as V. neomexicana , is actu- 
ally V. perennis Vfooton. 

VERBEtJA NPDLSnCANA var. HIRTtlU Perry 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: 258—259. 
197U. 

Dressier encountered this plant in wash bottc»as . The corollas 
are said to have been "blue" when fresh on Dressier 6U8. 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 357 

Additional citations: U:l.i MC^QCO: iiocorro 3o.: rieatvfood 670 
(Y/— 2706257) . :.l;::i30: :aja California: Dressier 6U3 (Z--171^7) . 

V3R3.^M.\ :CI7iL\ i:oldenka 

Addioional biblio-raphy: Moldenke, Pli:;-tolocia 23: 376. 1972. 

Additional citations: ARlOm'IIlA: Salta: Venturi lOOH- (E— 
930806~isoLype). 

VE;ffiSM OFFICINALIS L. 

Additional biblioj^raphy: V/angerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. $0 
(1): 237. 1930'; n. M. Garleton, Ind. Conmon NaT.es Herb. PI., pr. 1, 
U2, 60—62, 6ii, 69, 31, 92, 96, 10$, 1D7, II6, 120, c>. 125 (1959) 
and pr. 2, U2, 60—62, 6h, 6?, 81, 92, 96, 105, 107, 116, 120, & 
125. I962J Fong, Trojinkova, Trojlnek, ■: Yams'Horth, Lloydia 39: 
1U7. 1972; Rigual }.:agallon, Fl. ': Vee-. Prov. Alicant. 3Ul . 1972; 
Hocking, iixcerpt. Dot. A. 23: 291. 1971;; ::oldenke, Phytoloria 28: 
2UI f- 259— 26U. 197a. 

The corollas on Clrant l603l are said to have been "pale-laven- 
der" when fresh. Carle ton (1959) records the additional vernacu- 
lar names "holy-plant", "hys3op", "pigeon-grass", and "sety.Tall" 
for this plant, noting that "pigeon-grass" is applied also to the 
fonus Setaria and "hyssop" is applied also to Gratiola , I^ssopus , 
and Teucrium pseudohyssopus . The najie, "lierb-Grace" , previously 
recorded for Verbena officinali s, is applied also to Ruta rraveo- 
lens . 

Kartr-'rell (1971) records the folloi-ring uses for Vj_ officinalis : 
as a plaster in the treatment of parotid tumors; the juice in a 
cerate for parotid turners ana for tuir^ors in general; in China in 
the treatment of tumors, first recommended in the Ling-i-pie-lu in 
502 A.D.J as a poultice for tunors in the neck; in './ales as an in- 
gredient of "The Grace of God" rened:/ for morbid granulations; 
according to 0. Lrunfels in the treatment of indurated veins; in 
Liexico for tumors; in China for tu.iors ana cancer; as a cataplasm 
according to Loureiro for tumors of the scrotum and spleen in In- 
dochina; triturated for turaors of the abdominal viscera; in Sicily 
in the treatment of polypus; in Brazil as a poultice for tumors; 
and in Argentina as a decoction for tumors, ^'e records it as a 
Chinese herb medicine in the treatment of malignant tunors, 

iVatt S: Breyer-Brandwijk (1962) give another lengthy discussion 
of its chemistry and medicinal uses: "used overseas as a popular 
medicine for fever, anaemia, dropsy, pleurisy and scrofula, as a 
bitter, aphrodisiac, antineuralgic and antirheumatic and for 
wounds.... It has also been used for chronic eczema, chronic bron- 
chitis and menstrual disorders and as a diaphoretic '.Ye have 

not heard of the plant being used as a household remedy in South- 
ern and Eastern Africa. The plant has a diuretic action in the 

rat and is also anthelmintic as well as being irritant 

Quisumbing.... gives details of manj' uses. The plant has been used 
in the past as a charm and has been regarded as a holy object.... 
The flowering top contains a bitter crystalline 1-rotatorj' gluco- 
side verbenalin 0271:25010'"? 180.3-181.5° and soluble in water and 



3^8 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

alcohol. It is said to be non- toxic Invertin and emulsin are 

also present and the s^ogar of the glucoside is d-glucose 

Chejni.ol has nade an extensive study of the glucoside and car- 
bohydrates of the plant. The flower contains 13.23 per cent of 
reducing sugars. The glucoside verbenaloside increases in amount 
in the stem, diminishes during seed formation and accumulates in 
the root in autimn along '.vith stachyose. Holste . . . .has isolated 
n.?)|)| per cent of verbenalin from the plant and gives the melting 

point as 178°, v.-hile Asano et al have found 0.361; per cent 

■ffith the formula Oi'jE2lx^lO ^P 179°. hydrolysis of verbenalin 

yields liO per cent of verbenalol CiqKiiOj^ mp 13U° and glucose 

Karrer et al also suggest the formula C2_'jll2lP±o "iP 180-1° for 

verbenalin, ^heir product yielding 60 per cent of the aglycone 
verbenalol C]_]_Hij Or- mp 12/4°. Verbenalol ^delds a viscid oil, pos- 
sibly C2_3H2qO^ bp 110-5°. Verbenalin is identical with cornin iso- 
lated from Co rnus florida 

"Another glucoside vsrbenin, v/hich resembles verbenalin chemic- 
ally and phannacologically, has been isolated and tested.... In 
small doses it stiraulates and in large doses inhibits the sympa- 
thetic nerve endings of the epidermal m.ucous glands of the heart 
and blood vessels and of the intestines and salivary glands ... .In 
the mammal it produces a vigorous and lengthy secretion of milk.. 
The root yields 23.2 per cent of crystalline stachyose and the 
stem 13.7 per cent.... The effect of dessication on the constitu- 
ents of the plant has been studied A volatile oil has also 

be3n isolated. 

"Verbenalin produces stimulation of the motor activities of the 
central nei^ous system in the ±rog, followed in the case of large 
doses by stupor, clonic and tetanic convulsions and finally parsily- 

sis In mammals is produces little effect apart from stimulation 

of the uterus, causing an increase of tonus and a strengtherang of 

the contractions Pararael. . .states that the plant is irritant 

but this is open to doubt. Verbenalin hastens blood coagulation.. 
The plant has been suspected of causing the death of cattle in New 

South V/ales ... .Antibiotic tests have proved negative " Rimpler 

5-- Schafer (1973) have recently isolated a cherdcal substance which 
they call hastatocid from thii' species and V. hastata L. 

Grieve (I967) s\mmarizes the historic aspects of the plant as 
follows: "The name Vervain is derived from the Celtic ferfaen, from 
fer (to drive away) and faen (a stone), as the plant vras much used 
for affections of the bladder, especially calculus . Another deri- 
vation is given by some authors from I'erba veneris , because of ths 
aphrodisiac properties attributed to it by tha Ancients. Priests 
used it for sacrifices, and hence the name Herb a bacr a. The name 
Verbena was the classical Ttom.an name for 'altar-plants' in general, 
and for this species in particular. The druids included it in their 
lustral water, and magicians and sorcerers employed it largely. It 
v:as used in various rites and incantations, and by ambassadors in 
m.aking leafoies. Dr^iised, it was worn around the neck as a charm 
against headaches, and also against snake and other venomous bites 



19 TU Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 359 

as well as for general good luck. It was thought to be c:ood for 
the sight. Its virtues in all these diroctions may be due to the 
legend of jts discoverj' on the i:ount of Calvar:,-, whf;re it staunch- 
ed the y.'ounds of the crucified Saviour. Hence, it is crossed and 
blessed with a concienorative verse .vhen it is fathered. It must 
be r^icked before flowering, and dried pronntly 

"The plant appears to contain a peculiar tannin, but it has not 
yet been properly anal;/-sed [sco the preceding parar-raphsl] . . ..It is 
recorimended in upwards of thirt2/ corr.plaints, boing astringent, dia- 
phoretic, antispasmodic, etc. It ir; said to be useful in inter- 
mittent fevers, ulcers, ophthalmia, pleurisy, etc., and to be a 
good galactogogue . It is still used as a febrifuge in autumn fevers. 
As a poultice it is good in headache, ear-neuralgia, rheumatism, 
etc. In this forri it colors tho skin a fine red, giving rise to 
the idea that it has the power of drawing .he blooc outside. A 
decoction of 2 oz. to a quart, tal-:en in the course of one day, is 
said to be a good medicine in purgings, easing pain in the bowels. 
It is often applied externally for piles. It is used in homoeo- 
pathj'. Fluid extract, 1/2 to 1 drachBi." Grieve actually attrib- 
utes all these properties to both V. of^/icinalis and/or V\ hastata . 

Beals (1917) gives us more fascinating detail or this plant's 
folic historj'. She begins by quoting E. B. Browning (in "Aurora 
Leigh"): 

" You enchant me 

Sweet verbena! which being brushed against, 
Vt'ill hold you three hours after by the smell. 
In spite of long wa]Jcs on the windy Mils . 

"Verbena was an old Latin name for the flower that was later 
knoivn throughout Europe as vervain. Both names mean a green bough. 
As ah holy herb, it was held in the highest veneration by both 
Greeks and Romans, and marvelous qualities were attributed to it, 
not the least of which was the power of reconciling the bitterest 
enemies. It bore a prominent part in the official life of both 
nations . V/hen the Romans felt that they had been treated discourt- 
eously by anj'- of their neighbors, it was their custom to select 
four heralds from the mombors of the feti ales , v.'hose duty it was 
to maintain the forms of international relationship, act as guardi- 
ans of the public faith, and demand redress . These four selected 
one of their number to act as spolcesman, v.'ho was sometimes the 
pater patratus or president of tho college, but more generally he 
was merely a member and known as the verbenarius . Clothed in 
their priestly robes, wearing the insignia of their office, and 
preceded by the verbenarius, who in addition to his other vestments 
wore a white woolen band around his head, together with a wreath of 
the sacred verbena, gathered within the enclosure of the Capitoline 
Hill, and all bearing boughs of the same sacred plant, they advan- 
ced to ths place where their negotiations were to be conducted. If 
war was decided upon, the verbenarius and his colleagues, wearing 
wreaths of verbena, approached the crmfincs of the hostile terri- 
tory. Throwing across the boundary a spear tipped with iron, and 
having a sprig of the holy herb bound upon its point, a solemn 



360 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

declaration of vfar was announced, and Jupiter v/as called upon to 
v/itness the justice of their cause. All treaties were approved 
b:^ the college before they becar.ie effective and war vjas not de- 
clared until U.e demand for redress had first been made. 

"It was wiih ;vater, in which this plant had been steeped, 
that ^he festal table of Jupiter was cleansed just befoi-e the 
feasts, v/hich were prepared in the capitol by the septer.iviri in 
his honor. If the water iras also used to sprinkle the banquet- 
ing couches before a feast, the merrinient and hilarity was said 
to be thereby greatly promoted. Fletcher, in the 'r'aithJ"ul 
Shepherdess', wrote: 

And those light vervain, too, thou must go after. 
Provoking easy souls to nirth and laughter. 

"It was likewise used to cleanse houses in the belief that it 
kept away evil spirits. It was knovm as Juno's tears. A fevf 
leaves were worn on the person as a protection f ror. ham • Romulus 
and Tatius, the Sabine, vfho rules -s-rith him for seven years, are 
reported to have ordered that branches of the plant sho^jld be 
sent to them as a New Year's offering to insure their good fortune 
during the ensuing year. It was a favorite bridal flower. Roman 
brides were considered fortunate who wore a wreath which they 
gathered themselves. This tradition is doubtless the origin of a 
custom which has, until recently, been in vogue in some parts of 
Germany, where a bride is presented vrith a hat made of the blos- 
sons, 7fhich she must wear during the ceremon;y'. 

"In Persia it was held in scarcely loss veneration than among 
the Greeks and Romans. The priests of the temples of the ^un al- 
ways wore branches of it in their hands when they approached the 
altar, and the gathering of the plants was attended '.Tith much 
solemnity. It must take place at a time when neither the sun nor 
the moon was visible . The roots were carefully cut below the 
surface and honey from the comb was poured into the place thus 
left vacant to appease the earth for robbing it of so precious a 
possession, 

"The magicians of the };'.ast also used it as a siTubol of enchant- 
ment. They were responsible for the belief that if one smeared 
the body all over with the juice of the herb he would obtain what- 
ever he might desire. He would also be enabled to cure any dis- 
ease and reconcile those who were at enmity. 

"Amorig the Druids of ancient Briton the plant was known by the 
name of vervain or holy herb. Almost the same ceremonies were ob- 
served in cutting it as were in vogue among the Persians, but 
with the restriction that the left hand only must be used. The 
leaves, stocks, and flovrers were dried separately, and when mixed 
with wine were considered a certain cure for seroents' bites. At 
the time of gathering of the mistletoe, a herald, clothed in white 
and bearing in his hands verbena branches, encircled by serpents, 
accompanied the druidic procession. TThen perform.ing their daily 
task of feeding the never-dying fires in the temple, the priests 
spent half an hour in prayer, before the altar, holding in their 
hands branches of the sacred herb. One writer on antiquities 



197li lioldenke, Notes on Verbeaia 361 

states that the verbena v/as as especially holj- to the priestesses 
as the mistletoe was to -ohe priests. !Io one was allowed i:,o touch 
it with the hand, and when it Jtas gathered it i..ust be at the full 
moon. A strinr; v^as looped over the plant and then fastened to 
the toe of a young maid, who pulled until it was uprooted. The 
oldest druidess then threw a cloth over it anc" fathered it up. It 
was used in the sacred rites for offerings to the cods and medic- 
inally as a cooling;' remedy. 

"During the i.!id(..le Ages the plant still retained its po ularity. 
It was prescribed as a remedy for thirty different ailments, and 
for this reason was known as simples [=simplers'] joy. In spite 
of the fact that it v;-as used by vfitches for working tl^eir spells 
it was also used to combat the enchantaents . Aubrey quotes the old 
."English proverb: 'Vervain and dill hinder v/itches in their '.vill' . 
Dill is a flowering plant used in medicine. On Christe.as Zve 
great bonfires were built, and the young men and maidens c.anced a- 
round them, v/earing vrreaths and garlands of vervain. Any young 
woman who gave to her lover a garland gathered and woven by her 
ovm hands insured his fidelity for at least all that 2'ear. ;iven 
now tho superstition of its efficacy as a love-philter has not 
entirely died out in some parts of England. A knot of vervain 
tied with white satin ribbon is stil3 vcorn as a preventive of 
ague, ^Yench peasants gather the plant under certain phases of 
the moon, hoping with its magical assistance to charn those whose 
affection they desire. The Hungarian gipsies call it tho lock- 
opening herb, saying that if a small incision is made in the pair, 
of the hand, and a tiny piece of the leaf placed in the cut, the 
wound being allowed to heal over, one v.lll be able to open all 
bolts and bars -dth a single touch. It is confidently- asserted 
that therein lay the secret of tho success of all the most fa.T;ous 
brigands of old. 

"The plant is not "/without religious association. As late as 
the seventeenth century it ;vas knorm in Brittanj' as the herb-of- 
the-cross. The Reverend John .Vhito, in 162U, vrrote of it: 

'Hallovfea be thou, v?rvain, as thou grov.'est in the ground. 
For on the i.'ount of Calvarj' thou firs^ vfert found.' 

"Ben Jonson referred to the sacredness of the plant vrhen he 
'.vrote: 'Bring your garlands and wi^h reverence place the vervain 
on the altar . • " 

She then follows with a description of xV erbena nybri da Voss 
and its period of popularity in cultivation, but ir.plies that 
this is still the same classical verbena about which she previous- 
ly wrote so well. This, of course, is not true. Then she returns 
again to the classical species, saying "It has never held a prom- 
inent place in literature. Virgil refers to it as a symbol of en- 
chantment. The earlier English writers m.ade frequent allusions 
both to its classical associations and to the superstitions con- 
nected v/ith it during their own tiirie. Dr. Johjison says that 
Satan has no power over a maiden who wears vervain and St. Johns- 
wort about her. But elsewhere it appears that when it is gatheir- 
ed a cross must first be made over it and then a prayer said. 



362 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 1; 

Thereupon it is said to have been 'crossed and blessed' . 

"Another old book says that to prepare a magic staff there 
must be put into a hollow place in it seven leaves of vervain, 
which must have been gathered on the eve of St. -Johji the Baptist, 
and a stone of divers colors, ".vhich must be found in the nest of 
a bird called the lap^-ving. The hollow must be stopped up vrith 
boxiTood. The staff, among other things, will preserve hija who 
carries it from robbers, wild animals, and mad dogs. It does not 
seem to have attracted modern vn^iters." 

Invin "'. 7/ills (1961) tell us that 7. officinalis is "a garden 
plant soTi.etimes escaped in Texas, formerly of f^reat repute as a 
remedy for eye diseases, its 'bright-eyed' corolla supposedly 
indicating its virtues in that direction." Although I have to 
date examined 22^,000 specimens of this group from 30? herbaria, 
I have not yet seen a specimen of it from Te:ds, either -wild or 
cultivated. xVerbena hybrids Voss is the one with the bright "eye? 

Grant found it gro./ing on dist^Jirbsd archeological r.ounds in 
Iran. Rigual Liagallon (1972) reports it as a member of the so- 
called Brachypodion phoenicoides ecologic community. 

It should probably be noted here that the Angel}'- (1971) ref- 
erence in the synon^Tny and bibliography of Verbena officinalis 
vas previously cited by me — as it has beon by other •.Triters — 
as "1970". This is the title-page date, but the work was appar- 
ently not actuall;^ published until 1971. The illustration 
given by w'oodward (1931 £: 1969) as V. officinalis actually rep- 
resents V_, supina L. instead. 

In the Fuchs (l5U2) work the text relating to V. officinalis is 
on p. $91 j the plate on p. $92 represents Sisymbriu m officinale 
but is labeled " v'erbenaca recta sive mas ", vfhlle th"e plate on p. 
593 really represents V. officinalis but is labeled " Verbenaca 
supina siv e foemina " . This is a mis-application of both pre- 
linnean names — the former should apply to V. officinalis and the 
latter to V. supina . 

The Rep ton 716 , distributed as V. officinalis , is actually V. 
brasiliensis Veil., while £. T. C urtis s.n . [July 27, 19UU] is V. 
domingensis Urb . j Godfrey $6g33a and Thomas t al. 13^01 are V. 
halei Small; Dress '-z Hansen 9lU is V. halei f . roseiflora (Benke) 
Moldenke; Lake 2999 is V^ hispida Ruiz & Pav.j Hoover ul6l is V. 
lasiostachys Link; i. K. Balls 13302 is V. la3iostach;/'s var. sep - 
tentrionalis lioldenlce; Gontreras 6l$2, Krapovickas , Grist6bal , 
Arbo , I'aruflak , L'aruflak , £. Irigoyen 1663U , and RodTn 3917 are~V. 
lit oralis H.B.K.; Pr ingle 3$3lt is V. menthaefolia Benth.; Horrman 
s.n. [1.7.1960] is V. officinalis var. prostrata Gren. £: Godr.; 
Bovaos 2OII; , Constable" gl99 . Faure s.n. [5 Mai I9II] , and V^ 
TackhoLm s.n. [Spring 19U9] , s.n. [2/U/1961], and s.n. [ivlerseh 
Llatruh] are V_^ supina f . erecta Loldenke; Abedin 26U3 is V. tenu- 
isecta Eriq.; and Drar k Mahdi I667 , Hilli 31, and Imam. Ibrahim , 
I'.Iahdi , & Sisi s.n. [16/8/1971] are not verbenaceous . 

Adclitional citations: KLyiYLAND: Cecil Co.: Steele s.n. [July 21, 



197li Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 363 

1396] (;v— 361;233); ./ard s.n. [Juno 23, 1373] (,;— 1U753U). Charles 
Co.: Leonard _?. KilllpTOTT^— 12200U?) . Vi;£I:n.1: Alexandria 
City: Norton s .TTT T^-S^] (V/— 6U30C1) ; .- ollard s.n. [July 15, 
1396] (■.;— 307209); Vasey _^ Covill e s.n. [July 22, 1333] (V.'— 
2609^6, •./— 2761251;) . D^.I'.LJ:: Lindhardt s.n. [19-3-193U] (Gz) . 
F^lXil: Letaoq 163 (I1--171260) j Lj xncst'rO.T. s.n. [1379/21/7] (Gz, 
Gz); Ze ttorstodt lOgO (LI— 1U7633) .' J?AI!:: otud. £iol. T^heno- 
Trai.6U"-201 (Gz) . PO.iTUGAL: .cainlia 2079 (BaTT GiJ.i'-iIIY : Defener 
^ Docener 32912 (Ac, Ld) ; nup_5ce s.n. [31.7.1963] (Gz); H^ 2i 2^~ 
mons s.n. [29 juli 1393] (1:1—261935). LIiJCHTr.:;bTLJN: Degener * 
Degener 33253 (Ac, Ld) . CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Eohenia: Scymer s.n. [15. 
VII .1910] (Ba). ITALY: LOve 2 LWve 721 (LI— 268589). CYPRUS: 
Gassy 1620 (Ba) . SICILY: Todaro 697 (Gz) . UMICI,' OF SOCIALIST 
SuVIiT R::?'J3LICS: Armenia: : ulki janian c. Aslanian s.n. [29 .VII. 
1959] (Ba). Terek: G ordiagin s.n. [15.^/11.1912] (Ea) . EGYPT: 
Ascherson ^ Schvreinfurth 309 (Gz, Gz); 3atanoun;>' s.n. [10/8/ 
1956] Cz, Gz); Loulos 2ii50 (Gz), s_£i. [8/9/1952] (Gz), s.n. [2. 
e.l?5h] (Gz), s.n. [17/7/1959] (Gz); Collector undetermined s.n. 
(Gz); i a-;.:egid s.n. [16/11/1929] (Gz, Gz, Gz) ; I'adeel s.n. [27/ 
3/1953] (Gz); Fa-ffzi s.n. [27/3/1953] (Gz); Hadidi s.n. [10/2/1952] 
(Gz), s.n. [13.3.1967] (Gz); Hadidi, Kassas , F- Chruk s.n. [17.3. 
1967] (Gz); Hadidi '■ Khattab s.n. [31/3/1967] (Gz); Hadidy s.n. 
[25/l/l':552] (Gz); P. Harteann s.n. 116. 3.07] (Gz), s.n. [>V-19ll] 
(Gz); H as sib s.n. [20/7/1929] (Gz, Gz, Gz), s_^ [2T/77l929] (Gz, 
Gz), s.n. [11/2/1931] (Gz, Gz, Gz), s.n. [Feb. 1931] (Gz, Gz, Gz); 
Ibrahi£, !'ahdi , Sisi , ^ Aziz s.n. [22/6/1973] (Gz); lean s.n. [13. 
9.1971] (Gz, Gz), s.n. [lli.9.1971] (Gz); Iman, IbrahL-n , & i^ahdi 
s.n. [21/8/1970] (Gz), s.n. [U/9/1970] (Gz, Gz), s.n. [5/1/1972] 
(Gz, Gz); Ir.an , Ibrahrn , :.;ahdi , ^ Sisi s.n. [13/3/1971] (Gz, Gz); 
Loufty, Inan, Ibrahrp , ::ahdi , i: Sisi s.n. [22/9/1971] (Gz); L.us- 
tafa 1 Sabat s.n. [23/3/1923] (Gz, Gz) ; ^. ^ s.n. [23 June I8SO] 
(Gz); Sabet s.n. [22/U/1927] (Gz, Gz); Saair , Ghabbouv, Ibrahim , 
&: llahdi s.n. [25/9/1970] (Gz, Gz); Sisi s.n. [2U/5/1973] (Gz); G^ 
Tackhol:n s.n. [21^/10/1926] (Gz) , s.n. [22/11/1926] (Gz); V. Tack - 
holn s.n. [25/3/l9li9] (Gz), s.n. [30.3.1961] (Gz, Gz), s.n. [IV 
7/1962] (Gz); TackhoL:i f. :asayed s.n. [I9/II/I96I] {Oz, Gz); 
TSckhols , InajE , <, Hadidi s.n. [3/11/1967] (Gz); Tgckholia L Kassas 
r7 (Gz); Tackholj. , Nabil, Ibrahl-n , L Lahdi s.n. [10/11/1963] (Gz). 
STJDAN: Jrar L Lahdi 2032 (Gz), 239U (Gz) . SOUTH AFPJCA: Natal: 
J. K_. .Vood U73 (Pd) . AriLA5IA: Hedjaz: }:hattab Y.,UhS (Gz), K .l5l5 
(Gz). Yemen: Srydolf s.n. [2li/5/l972] (Gz); IJiattab K.33U (Gz) . 
JOPJJAN: V. Tackholm s.n. [1V7/1962] (Gz). IIUN: Grant l603l (E— 
21iili213) . AFGH.\;nSTAN: Ko?lz 132U6 (.V— 2193793) . PAKISTAN: Balu- 
chistan: All 1111 (Kh), 1222 (Kh). Sind: Abed in 2735 (Kh), 7522 
(Kh), 77liO (Kh), 3202 (Kh); Faroogi 6 (Kh;, lU (Kh; , 2161 (iJi); 



36U PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

Farooqi ^ ^.aiser 2769 (Kh), 2797 (Kh), 3U21 (Kh)j Sj. Khan 393 
(?:}i);~ 3aiser 2lt (Lh), 2|9 (Kh), 3U3 (Kh, Kh); Q aiser a Ghafoor 
1659 (Kh), 1671; (Kh), 13$1 (Kh), Uo92 (YJn) ; ^ureshi 263 (KJi), s.n. 
[25-5-1963] (Kh). SIKKni: £. D. Hooker s.n. [alt. 6000 ped.] (Pd). 
INDIA: KJiasi States: hooker ^ Thoiison s.n. [5-^^000 pec.] (?d) . 
Vanipur: 0. ;Vatt 7368 (Pd) . Uttar Pradesh: VJallich 1825/U (Pd, 
Pd). vmiOii Khalil s.n. [Fort Stedman, 1393] (Pd) . CittMA: Kiang- 
su: Chang 2999 (Ea) . JAPM: Honshu: Ohwi s.n. [Jul. 25, 1923] 
(Ba),- tkamoto s.n. [Oct. 13, 1933] (Ba) . Kyushu: Oldhap 619 (Pd) . 
RYUKYU IdULT) AKCHIPliLAGO: Irabu ^, Shijioji: Okuhara ^ Sunagawa 31 
(.7— 262387u) . Ishigaki; F. R. Fosberg 372UU (V/— 2628375) . L:iyako: 
¥\ R. Fosberg 33169 (.V— 2623370) , 3837U (V.'— 2623871) , 33613 (V/~ 
2623372). Taketomi; F. R. Fosberg 37559 (y— 2623376) . AUSTRALIA: 
Mew South V/ales: J^ Gj_ Smith s.n. [Eourke, kw.. 2U, 1891] (E~ 
ll305h) . CULTIVATED: India: Collector undetermined s.n. [Eotani- 
cal Garden] (Pd) . LOCALITY uF COLLiCTION mOETERiai-r-JD: "Collector 
undetermined s.n. [Caparia, 9th I.!arch 1302] (Pd), s.n. [Eaparia, 
1302] (Pd), sTn7 "(?d)j ?.:cGu nn s.n. [Port Phillj] (?d) . 

VEICEM OFilCILALIS var. DENSIFLOPlA Regel £: V^inkler ex B. Fedtsch. 
in 0. A. L E. A. Fedtsch., Consp. Fl. Turkest. 5= 122, hypo- 
nyin. I913. 
Eibliograph;'-: B, Fedtsch. in . A. a 3. A. Fedtsch,, Consp. 
Fl. Turkest. 5: 122. 1913; Fedde t Schust. in Just, Eot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19^1; Koldenke, Phytologia 25: 231. 1973. 

Fedtschenko (1913) cites, probably as the type of this variety, 
0_, A. Fedtschenko s .n. , collected on August 2, 1369, in Turkestan. 

VERBEfl/i. OFFICINALIS var. GAUDICri^UDII Eriq. 

Additional bibliography: lloldenke, Phytologia 2i4: 26. 1?72. 
Additional citations: SOUTH AFRICA: Transvaal: Burke 55 (Pd) . 

VEISEfiA OFFICIMALIS var. PROSTRATA Gren. ': Godr. 

Additional bibli graphy: J. Torr., Fl. N. Y. 2: 52. I8i;3; t'ol- 
denke, Phi^tologia 2h: 27 (1972) and 23: 261;. 1971;. 

It seams rather obvious, judging fron the description which he 
gives and the common name which he proposes, that the "Verbena 
spuria , Linn." of Torrey (18U3) is actually V^ officinalis var. 
pro strata . He speaks of the stem as prostrate and divaricately 
branched and calls the plant "Procumbent Vervain". He says that 
he found it in "Sandy fields in the suburbs of New-York, and near 
Albany", flowering, from August to November. The former locality 
is most probably on Long Island in what is nove Queens County. 

Additional citations: S'.VITZERLAND : Norrman s.n. [1.7. I960] 
(Cz). 

VERBEN.\ CFFICINALI-VEMOSA Paxt., Pock. Dot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. 
18UC. 
Bibliography: Faxt.., Pock. Eot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 (181;0) and ed. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 365 

2, 328. 18149; Moldenke, Phytologia 2$'. 23l* 1973. 

Paxton (loIiO) apparently intended this designation for a sup- 
posed garden hj-brid between V^ officin alis L. and V_. rigi da Spreng . 
which he says was introduced into liiiglish gardens in 1337 from Ox- 
ford and which he describes as an herb having bluish flo'^'ors, 
blooming in August. 

xV^lBEIi'i CiaAi:01"i:iISIS I.:oldenl<e 

Additional sjmonyri;/ : "Glandul aria canadensis x G_^ bipinnatifida " 
Solbrig in HejT/ood, yod. Veth. PI. Tax. 33~. 19^3. "Verbena b ipin - 
natifi da Xutt. X V. canadensis (L.) Dritton" e:: L:oldenke, Phyto- 
logia~26: 373 £: 3 To, in syv.. 1973. 

Additional bibliograptiy: Solbilg in Ilei-.-ood, l.'od. l.ieth. PI. Tax. 
33. 1963; l.:oldenke, Phytologia 21;: 27 (197?) and 26: 373 c^ 376. 
1573. 

VEKBiillA 0::CUTTLAliA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde ',: Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 
60 (2): 575. 19hli I.;olrlen}:e, Phj'tologia 2k' 28. 1972. 

Vl^RBENA 0RIG21IES R. A. Phil. 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, Phjrtologia 21^: 28—29. 1972. 

The corollas on i'orrison 1 7271 are described as having been 
"whiite-lilac" when fresh. 

Additional citations: CHILK: Coquimbo: tor risen 17271 (Ba), 

xVERDEMA OSTENl lIoD.denke 

Additional bibliography: L'oldenke, Phj'tologia 2U: 29. 1972. 
. The corollas on Krapovickas, Crist6bal, k Quarin 22777 are said 
to have been "v/hite-lilac" '•.'■hen fresh and these collectors describe 
the plant as prostrate, growim^ in rockj'" carmos . 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: RLo Grande do Sul: Krapovickas , 
Cristdbal, _2 Quarln 22777 (Z) . 

IT.PI-EKA OVATA Cham. 

Additional bibliograrjhj'-: lloldcrike, Phj'tologia 2ii: 29 (1972) and 
25: 230. 1973. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in "brejo", in 
"pajonal", and "en vaga, borde de arroyo", describing it as rrovring 
1.2 — 2 n. tall, flov.-erLng and fruiting (in addition to months pre- 
viousl^-- reported by me) in L!arch, The corollas on Katschbach, Smith , 
L Klein 28218 are said to have been "lilac" in color Tfhen fresh and 
those on Krapovic kas, Crist6bal, Arbo , I.aruflak , Llarufla k, Fj. I rigoyen 
17069 were "bl\;e". 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Parand: Katschbach, banith , i Klein 
28218 (Ld, N, V/— 2706776). ARGiJ-'TIIlA: Corrientes': Krapovickas , 
Crist6bal , Arbo , l^aruflak, Marufiak , £ Irigoyen 17069 (V»'s, .<'s) . t:isi- 
ones: Krap ovic kas , Crist6bal, Fr Niainflak 15726 (Vi's) . 



366 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

VEREEIIA PARAaUARIENSIS L'oldenke 

Additional bibljorraphy: luoldenke, Phj'tologia 2Ji: 29. 1972. 

Additional citations": PARiVGUAY: T. Rojas s .n. [Hassler 97^1] 
(E— I575069~isotype) . 

VEREEIIA PARODII (Covas 1 Schnack) Loldenl':e 

Additional bibliography: Koldenke, Phytologia 21;: 21 L 30 
(1972) and 28: 2^6. 197U. 

Vervoorst encountered this plant rrowing at 3700 meters alti- 
tude, in fruit in Itiarch. The corollas are said to have been 
"pale rosy-blue" on Jt5 rgensen 1613 & 1737. Laterial has been mis- 
identified and distributed in some her]:iaria as V. nicrop hylla 
H.B.K. 

Additional citations: ARGENTINA: Catamarca: Jt5rgensen 1613 (E — 
308173), 1737 (E~823769)i Vervoorst 3197 (Ea) . 

^/ERBEM PARVULA Hayek 

Additional citations: R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. iBlj: 
171. 19^8; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 30~31. 1972. 

Rulz-Teran & L6pez-Figueiras describe this plant as a "hierba 
sufruticulosa inerme, 20 — 30 cm., erecta hasta decumbentej f lores 
moradas; escasa" and found it flovjering and fruiting in July. 
Johnson found it fmiting in October. 

Additional citations: VENEZUELA: Trujillo: Rulz-Teran 'j_ L6pez- 
Figuei ras 2327 (M) . PERU: Cuzco: E_^ L_. Johnson 6309 (HI— ^$079)- 
BOLIVIA: Cochabamba: J. Steinbach 8729 (S~989726) . 

VEPJBI-IM PAULEISIS lloldenke 

Additional L emended bibliography: Angelj'-, Fl. Anal. L Fitogeo- 
gr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, h- 31iO L xix, map 1395- 1971; Moldenke, Phy- 
tologia 21;: 32. 1972. 

The Angely (1971) reference cited above was previously errone- 
ously cited by me as "1970", the title-page date, but the work was 
not actually published until 1971. 

VEREEM PEDICELLATA Koldenke 

Bibliography^: Moldenke, Phj'-tologia 25': U31— U32. 1973; Moldenke, 
Biol. Abstr. 56: 3000. 1973. 

Citations: BRAZIL: Uato Grosso: Hatschbach 30^13 (W— 2705730— 
isotype, Z — type) . 

VERBENA. PERAKI3 (Covas & Schnack) Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Hej^vood, Mod. Meth, PI. Tax. 
89. 1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 32. 1972. 

In addition to the months previously recorded by me, this spe- 
cies has been collected in fruit in March. 

Additional citations: ARGS?]TIKA: Salta: Ventu ri 10301 (E~987939) • 

VERBEM PSPilMIS Wooton 

Additional bibliography: Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. 
Ariz. Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; Moldenke, Phj'tologia 21;: 32—33 & 257. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 367 

1972. 

Kecent collectors have foiind this plant growing in moaquite 
grasslands, on limestone with oak, juniper, and sotol, anci in 
gravelly soil of the pin^-on- juniper ecolofic conr.unity. 

Additional citations: T£:CA3: Brewster Co.: '.Varnock 21827 (El — 
50033). Culherson Co.: Karcks f; l.arcks 131C (J.:i, '-Vs) . hlT// LFJCICG: 
Eddy Co.: Cutak _^ Christ 67 (E— l?36a3e), 9U (S— 1286U38); L^ 2l 
Higgins 7317 (N) ; S pellenberg & Spellenberg 3656 (N) j '.Veber ^ 
Cronquist llli77 (Bl— 172023) . 

V1-:RI;ENA PER:";NMIS var. JOKNSTOJJI IJoldenke 

Additional bibliography: L'oldenke, Phytologia 2li: 33. 1972. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Nuevo Le6n: }U Hernindez s.n. 
[18/V/1965] C^'s). 

xVEREKNA PEFtl-IAIIA L:oldenke 

Additional 1-- emended biblio::raphy: Rydb., r'l. "rairies .!: Plains, 
pr. 1, 678. 1932j Fell, Fl. ..innebago Co. 122. 1955; -'vtib., Fl. 
Prairies u Plains, pr. 2, 2: 673. 1971; Loldenke, Ph^'tolo;^-ia 21: 
33— 3li ^^ 250 (1972) and 23: 196. 197U. 

Fell (1955) says of this plant in V.'innebago County, Illinois: 
"A hj'brid on the C. L M, //. \iy. track near U. 6, Rt. Mo. 51 tends 
to be more upright, the bracts are short and the leaves less divi- 
ded (X perriana ; ." Luehlanbach describes the plant as having its 
stems more or less procumbent, and found it grov/ing along railroad 
tracks in St. Louis, .Vissouri, flovfering and fruiting in July. 
The Engelmann collection cited below cor:sists solely of floral 
dissections of this hybrid, its parental species, and related taxa. 

Additional citations: I.iloSOURI: Saint Louis City: Engelmann s. 
rw (E~117332); L'ueh l enbach 375U (Z) . LL€ALITY OF COIi^CTIw:; Ui:- 
DETERLIh'ID: Collector undetermined 6llU (E--118337). 

VERBENA FERUVIAMA (L.) Britton 

Additional L emended s;monymj': Verbena chamaedryoides Hort. ex 
Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 57 (2): 909- 1933. Verbena peruvia- 
na I.'oldenke ex Angely, Fl. Anal. *.• Fitogeogr. o. Paulo, sd. 1, 8ii0, 
sphalm. 1971. 

Additional S.- anended bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 

1, 323 (13U0) and ed. 2, 323. 13U9; Dupuis, !;ouv. Fl. Usucl. ■■ Led. 
2: 153. 1360; Foumier, 3,uat. Fl. France 307, fig. 3352 (2). 1861; 
Gibert, Enum. PI. I'ontevid. [i2. 1373; '.Tan^erin in Just, Lot. Jahres- 
ber. 53 (1): 8ii5 [275]. 1933; Fedde in Just, Lot. Jahresber. 57 (2): 
909 (1933) and 53 (2): 663. 1939; Fedde '•: Schust. in Just, Bot. Jah- 
resber. <9 (2): U7 (1939) and 60 (2): 573. 19ia; Kambo, An. Bot. 
Herb. Barb, i.odr. 1: 126. 19li9: P.eitz, oello\da 6: 25U. 19^hi R. C 
Foster, Contrib. Cray Herb. ISU: 171. 1953; Lraga, ?1. Nordest., ed. 

2, U76. I960; Reitz, Sellowia 13: 67 "; HO. 1961; Graf, E^mtica 3: 
l]i82 ^ 1733. 1963; Burkill, Jict. Econ. j^rod. ::alay Penins. 2: 2266. 
1966; Solbrir, in lieywood, ::od. L'.eth. PI. Tax. 86—39 c- 92. 1963} 
Heitz, Sello-.via 22: ll;5 . 1970; Angely, rT.. Anal. u. Fitoreo^^r. S. 
Paulo, ed. 1, U: 3aO .^i xix. 1971; Amaral Franco in Tutin L al., la. 



368 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

DV.T, 3: 122. 1972; R. Bailey, Good 'lousekeep. 111. incycl. Gard. 
15: 2303. 1972; jlncke L Buchheir. in Zander, Handwb'rterb . Pflanz- 
ennam., ed. 10, 520. 1972; F. Perry, Fls. T.orld 303 f^ 320. 1972; 
Skinner Ornament. ?1. Coastal UortJiw. 75. 1972; Iloldenl^e, Phyto- 
logia 2^: 3l;~39, U3, h9, 137, H^O, ll;7, ^'^ 23U (1972) and 25: 23U 
^ 2Ui;. 1973; Lolcenlie in V/oodson, Schery, ([1: al., Ann. LIo. Bot. 
Gard. 6O: 1^5 i- lli3 . 1973; Tutin in Tutin L al., Fl. 'Jur. 3: 369. 
1973; Lloldenke, Phytologia 23: 116, 200, 20o, 221, t 253. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Fornier, Quat. Fl. France 807, fl£. 
3352 (2). 1361; Graf, Exotica 3- lu82. I963. 

Additional verna.cular names recorded for this species are 
"fcrmosa sem dote", "jurujuba", and "verveine a feuilles de 
Gharoaedrys" . Recent collectors describe the plant as a semipros- 
trate, decunibent, or low mat- forming herb. Hatschbach & Koczicki 
found it "encoatas graminosas de morro" . The corollas are de- 
scribed as having been "red" on Krapovlckas , Crist6bal , LIroginski , 
& Fernandez 22233 and Roseagurtt & Gallinal 569U, "bright-red" on 
Dress 7?9U , and "verruillion" on Hat schbach L Koczi cki 27219; on 
B. \. . Bates 96 and J. V. Pane ho 31 they are described as "corolla- 
lobes RHS [:ioyal Horticuitural Society] Orient Red 3l9" • 

Pajcton (l3U0y avers that the species was introauced into culti- 
vation in England in 1827. 

Graf (1963) describes the cultivar "Chiquita" as a "pretty, 
trailing plant i'd.th small foliage, and numerous clusters of flow- 
ers gayly striped lavender -^vith white, reminding [one] of a pepper- 
mint stick" and the cultivar "Flame" as a "lovr carpet-forming 
prostrate pereniiial, in its original form, v/ith crimson flovrers, 
at home in Peni, Uru.guay, and So. Brazil; the first creeping and 
rooting, then ascending branches vdth crenate, rough leaves 1 — 2 
in. long, and sho'vvj'- clusters of salver-form flcrrers 1/2 inch wide; 
brilliant scarlet in this colox'-forra, an 1 nearly everblooming, es- 
pecially in sumner." Dupuis (1O6O) gives cultural directions: 
" juin-octobre. Senor sur couche en mars et avril, ou bien aussi- 
tot apres la mat-'orit^ des graines . Boutures et marcottes, faites 
d'aout en octobre, relevees en automne, et mises en pots que I'on 
hiverne sous chSssis, pour mettre en pleine terre 2 la fin de mai. 
Pincer I'extr^mit^ des rameaux." 

Solbrig (1968) informs us that V^ stellarioides Cham, and V. 
peruviana vd.ll not hybridize v;here they grow together in the wild, 
but v/ill cross with individuals brought in from populations out- 
side the particular area. He avers that the nomal pollen fertil- 
ity in V. peruviana is 93 percent. 

It should be noted here that the Angely (1971) reference cited 
in the above bibliography was previously erroneously cited by me 
as "I97O", the title-page date, but the work was not actually 
issued untix 1971. The photo.-'raph of Stafford s.n. in the herbar- 
ium of the L. K. Bailey Ilortorium, cited below, is of a sheet pre- 
served in the United States National Herbarium in Y.'ashington. The 
Ccramerson 72 specimens of which there is also a photograph in the 
Bailey Hortoriuin herbarium, also cited below, are deposited in the 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 369 

Paris herbarian, the Cay s.n. specLTi-^n is in the "ritton Herbarium 
at the '.'cy.v Yor'-: ootanical Garden, and the oth3rs are at Ke.T. 

Dr. T. Snra^ue, in notes to Dr. L. 11. Dailey dated 9/6/24, 
says "V. cham a3dr/f ol ia Jus3. v^as based on l^inus pei^avianus L., 
v/hish v/as based on Lyc'nnidaea Veronicae folio flore coccineo 
FGuill. Obs. iii. i;is'tr'rT'.TedT~36,"'tT 2?, fiFrT('i72>)7 The 
specrnens (if an;0 collectea by Feuill^e do not appear to have 
been ^reserved. I,enc3 reuillSo's fi;;ure and description should 
be used as standard for purposes of identification. .. . V. 1 elindres 
aill. ex Lindl. Eot. i.&Z' ^' ll3ii (1323). The type-spec iir.sn is 
presur.ably in Lin'illey's herbariun at Gambridge. A snail specimen 
received by Denthan from Lindley in 1329 as V_. I elindres , and a 
more complete one c.iltivated in Jersey in 1332 (Herb. J. Cay.) 
are being r»hotorraphed. They are well authenticated." The Lindley 
spec.vr.en here referrea to may actually be an isot;/pe or clastotx-pe 
of V. nelindras . 

For an artificial hj-'brid between V. peruviana and V, canadensis 
(L.) rritton, see under Verbena canadensis (L.) Britton x V. peruv - 
iana (L.) Lritton in these notes. 

The britton ^ 3ritto n 237 and the Brown '__ Pritton 1723 , distrib- 
uted as V. peruviana, are actually xV. h ybrida Voss, Hassler 1233$ 
is V. incisa Hook., and Schulz ;; Yarela $123 is V. scrolicuiata 
C-riseb. Herb, '..issouri "ot. 3ard. 117739 is a mixture with V. 
canadensis (L.) Britton. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Hatschbach 
272IP (:0; H atschba ch ^ Hocz icki 27219 (Ld) . URUGUAY: Corcnerson 
72 [Herb. Jussieu ^jTil, in part] (Ba — photo) j G_^ Gay s.n. [lonte- 
video] (Ea — photo) ^ Herb. Lernliardi s.n. [llontcvideo] (E — 1130U5) } 
l.osencurtt ^ Gp.llin al $69U (I^a)j ^afford s.n. [La Paz, Cct. 21;, 
1886] (3a — photo) . AP.G iil-ITIll^ : Buenos Aires: j japo^/ickas , 3rist6 - 
bal, I,.ro;: in5ki , _: Fernandez 2 2233 (Ld) . Gatanarca: R ic.^s 102 (S— 
963110) . CILTIVATBD: Bnftland: Herb . Hort. LincUey s.n. [1329] 
(Ba— photo). Jersey: Herb . J^ G^ s.n. [li;e Aout 1332] (Ba— 
photo). I.:issouri: £|ngeL'uann s.n. [June l3u2] (E — 117331) j H erb . 
:;.issouri Hot. Gard. 117739 , in part (E) . New York: D ress 729U 
(Ea), 10^02 (Ba). Pennsylvania: D. h^ Bates 96 (Ba); J_. V. Pancho 
81 (Ba). .Wisconsin: .Junderly s.n. (.Vs). IXLT'.'TCIi ILLUbTRATIONS: 
Curtis, Eot. L"ag. 61: pi. 3333. I83i (Ba— photo) ; Ed-wards, Dot. 
P.ec. lli: pi. II3I4. 1328 (Ba— photo); Lodd., Bot. Gab. 16: d1. l5lU. 
1329 (Ba— photo). 

^/5RBSNA PERUVIANA (L.) Britton x V. }.:0>a:C0L0R l:oldenke 

SynonyLiy: Glandularia peruviana x noricolor Solbrir in Heywood, 

?Jod. I'eth. ?1. Tax. 87 & 89. 1963. " Glandularia peruviana x G. 

moricolor " Solbric in Heywood, liod. l:eth. PI. Tax. 38. 1968. 
Additional bibliograohy: Solbrig in Heyivood, Lod. I'eth. PI. 

Tax. 87—39. 1963,- I.i'oldenke, "hytologia 2h: 33. 1972. 



370 PHITOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. k 

V'jHBEM FiCRUVIAKA (L.) Britton x V. PULCHaLLA. Sweet 

Additional synonymy: Glandularia peruviana x pulchella Solbrig. 

in liey^Tood, Mod. Leth. PI. Tax. 8?. 1963. 

Additional biblio^^raphy; Solbrig in Ilej'-.vood, Hod. lieth. PI. 

Tax. 87. 1968; Lioldcnke, Phytologia 2i;: US. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reports the normal pollen fertility in this hy- 
brid as 70 percent. 

'r<P£Zm PERUVIMA f . ROSFA Lloldenke 

Additional s^monymy: V erbena peruviana rosea Lloldenke ex Reitz, 
Sellowia 22: Ih^. 1970. 

Additional bibliorraphy: Reitz, Sellowia 22: 1U5. 1970j Kolden- 
ke, Phytologia 21^: 39 (1772) and 2$: 2UU. 1973. 

VTBEEMA PHLOGIllOPA Cham. 

Additional synonymj: Verbena megapotamica 0< phlogiflor a (Cham.) 
Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 3 (2): 2^6. I898 . Verbena megapotanica ^1 
tweediana (Niven) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 3(2): 2^6. 1898. Verbena 
phlogiflora var. beta Troncoso, Dar?finiana I6: [613]. 1971. Verbena 
melindres latifolia Hort. ex L:oldenke, Phytologia 26: 377, in syn. 
1973. Verbena tweediana latifolia Hort., in herb. Verbena tweed - 
iana superba Hort., in herb. 

Additional L emended bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 
1, 323 (13U0) and ed. 2, 323. l3U9j Gibert, liium. PI. Montevid. U2. 
lS73j Nair &. Rehman, 3uxl. I.'at. Dot. Gard. Lucknow 76: 2, $, & 23, 
pi. 1, fig. 1, ?, text fi,-. 1. 1962 j Reitz, Sellowia 22: lU5. 1970j 
Annely, Fl. Anal, fc 7itoreogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, h- 8UO & xiv, map 
1395. I97IJ Anon., Eiol. Abstr. Sh {$) i B.A.S.I.C. S.IO6. 1972j 
Encke f: Buchheim in Zander, HandwtJrterb . Pf lanzennam . , ed. 10, 520. 
1972; Kuang, Pollen Fl. Taiwan 2hh, pi. 163, fig. 3—11. 1972; S. 
K. J., Biol. Abst. 5U: 2319. 1972; F. Perr:>^, Fls . World 30^ &: 320, 
1972; Koldenke, Fr^tologia 2ii: 39 — UO. 1972; Moidenke in V/oodson, 
Schery, & al., Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 60: h$ ^ llt3 . 1973; ivioldenke, 
Phytologia 28: 221 & 2$^, 197U. 

Ltaended illustrations: Nair & Rehman, Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. 
Lucknow 76: 3, pl. 1, fig. 1, ^; text fig. 1. 1962. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as decumbent or procvnnbent 
and have found it on carapos with Pteridium aquilinum , along highways 
through secondary woods, in "brejo", and in "orla mata" . The corol- 
las are described as having been "violet" in color when fresh on 
Hatschbach 23670 & 2608l and Hatschbach, Smith , & Klein 23 3U8 , 
"dark-iilac" on Hatschbach 30 78 8 and Hatschbach ?c GuimarSes 2[t8l6 , 
"purple" on Krapovickas , Crist6bal , 2t Karufiak 22995m and "limb pur- 
ple (2,5 P 6/h), the center darker" on lindeman & Haas 3OO8 . It is 
most probable that the pollen characters enumerated by Huang (1972) 
for this species on the basis of material taken from Hsieh 22^35 
apply to xV. hybrida Voss instead (I have not as yet been able to 
e:<anLne the Hsieh specimen) . I v.'ould be ve:y much surprised if the 
true V. phlogiflora occurs on Formosa. 



197h Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 371 

The Angely (1971) reference p;iven in the bibliocraphy above 
was previously erroneously cited by me as "1970", the titie-page 
date; th vrork actually was no'^ pubxishe.. until 1971. 

Accordinp, to Paxton (l8hO), Verbena phlogi flora was introduced 
into cultivation in 2ncland in 1331. The photopraphs cited below 
from the L. li. Bailey Kortorium herbarium are all of specimens 
deposited in the herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kevr, 
with the exception of that of l.ognell I .311 (which is aeposited 
in the United states National Herbariam in V.'ashin^ton) and that of 
Sellov; s.n. (which was in the herbarium of the Botanisclies I.use'jm 
in Berlin) . The Ilevin s.n. specimen in the Kew herbarium is the 
tyj>e of V. tvfeediana Hook. Ths H erb ♦ B enthar. s .n. [Hort. Soc . 
Lond, hort. 1333] specimen is probably t,ho actual type of V. mel- 
indres latifolia Hort, Dr. L. I'. Tiailey says of it "Ca>.'x stri- 
pose-puboscent, sparinf;;:Ly j-landular; sts. similar; Ivs. 3tri;30se- 
hair;'- bo^h sides" and "P.ouch to the fi:r;er, vfith stiff hairs often 
bulbous-based, apr^ressed on Ivs." 

The ilerb. Gay s.n. [Jaixlin du Luxembo-org 10 Nov. I31i2] collec- 
tion ij probably the type of V^, buistii Gay. Dr. Bailey says of 
it "iiou^h or scabrous to the feel from many stiff hairs, those on 
leaves appressed" — examination with a handlens shcrws the lower 
leaf-surface and stems densely pubescent, but not with pubescence 
of the type seen in xV. l-yorid a /o3s. The otu>-r Herb . Gay s .n« 
from the same source is inscribed " Verb ena Tweediana Hook. E. L'. 
[Bot. Mag,] t. 35hl" and over the label is written in pencil " V . 
phlo gi flora oc vulgaris Schauor". Dr. Bailey notes of it "Calyx 
strigose-pubescent, sparingly glandular; sts. sane. Lvs . stri- 
gose-hairy above and below" and "Plant scabrous or rough to the 
feel. Hairs stiff, some of tliem bulbous-based or fror papillae". 

The second Herb . Bentham specimen from the same source as the 
one referred to above is probably the actual tyce of V. tweediana 
superba Hort., and Dr. Bailey says of it "Scabrous to rough to 
fingers, ^vith stiff hairs, on lvs. appressed" and exardnation un- 
der a handlens shows the lower leaf-surface and stems distinctly 
pubescent or pubeinilent . The third Herb . Bentha m s .n. , also from 
the same source, is probably the ty-e of V. ar raniana Fort., and 
Dr. Bailey, in his longhand notes on the sheet, says of it "Calyx 
and sts. strigose-pubescent, sparingly glandular. Lvs.strir;ose- 
hairy both sides" and "Rough or scabrous to the finger, with stiff 
hairs, appressed on the If., often vfith bulbous bases" — examin- 
ation, again, under a handlens shovfs a distinct pubescence, 

I have no doubt at all that all these authentic specimens re- 
ferred to in the above paragraphs represent the verj' same taxon. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Lato Grosso: Hatschbach 2 36 70 
(Ld), 26031 (Ld). Minas Gerais: llegne ll 1.311 [21/lC/l361^] (Ba— 
photo, Ba — photo). ParanS: Hat schbach 30738 (Ld); Hatschbach L 
GuimarSes 2^816 (Ac); Hatschbach, pmith , L laein 233lt8 (Ld, >;— 
2706628); Lindeman d Haas 3OO8 (N) . Rio Grande do Sui: Krapovic - 
kas, Crist6bal, Z- Laruflak 22995 (Ld) . State undetermined: Sellow 



372 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

s.p. [Macbride photos jh351] (Ea — isotype, Ba — photo of isotype) . 
CULTIVATSl^: :5:n£land: Herb. 2ent han s.n. [Hort. Soc . Lond. hort. 
I333j V_. arraniana] (Ea, Pa — photo, Ba — photo), s.n. [Hort. Soc. 
Lond. hort. T8 33; V_. nclindre? latifolia] (Ea— photo, Ba— photo) , 
s.n. [Hort. Soc. Lond. hort .' 13 "3o"j" V . t yreedlana lati r olia ] (Ba — 
photo. Pa — photo), s.n. [Hort. Soc. Lond. hort. l333j V. tyroedi a- 
na su perba ] (Ba, Ba — photo, Ba — photo). France: H erb. Gay s.n. 
[Jardin du Liijxernbourc 10 Nov. l8U2j V^ buistii] (Ba, Ea — photc, 
Ea — photo), s .n. [Jardin du Luxembourg 10 Nov. I3ii2j V. tv.'ecd iana ] 
(Ba — photo, Ba — photo). Ireland: Uevin s.n. [Glasnevin Bot. C-ard. 
Dublin] (Ea — photo). LOUlIT'iB ILLIoTK.-;TIuIjS: Curtis, Bot. j.lag. 63: 
pi. 3^Ul. 1836 (Ba — photo, Ba — photo, Ba — photo); Paxt., Lag. Bot. 
U: pi. 5. 1333 (Ba— photo, Ba— photo, Ba— photo) . 

ViRBBM PINrJTORUl; .Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Kearney, List Citations Place Pubi. 
Spp. Ariz. Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; t'oldenke, Phiytolosia 2lx: UO. 
1972. 

VEffiiKNA PLATt-NSiS Sprenp . 

Additional synonjTry: Verbena teucrio ides Hook, ex B^puis, Nouv. 
Fl. Usual. !: red. 2: 1^8. 1860. Verbena tencrioides Gill, ex 
Gibert, Snum. PI. Kontevid. I|.2, sphalm. 1873. Verbena teucriodes 
Roberts, Viability of Seeds 308, sphalm. 1972. 

Additional bibliof^raohy: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328. 
I8UO; Hassall, Ann. Hag. Hat. Hist. 9- 550. lSii2; Pa:rb., Pock. Bot. 
Diet., ed. 2, 323. 131x9} Dupuis, Nouv. Fl. Usuel. & I^ed. 2: 1^8. 
1360; Gibert, Enum. PI. J.:ontevid. Ii2. 1373; ?.. Bailey, Good liouse- 
keep. 111. Encycl. Gai-d. 1$: 2303. 1972; Encke S: Buchheim in Zan- 
der, Handv/Crterb . Pflanzennan., ed. 10, 520. 1972; B;oldenke, Phy- 
tolocia 21;: Ul— J43. 1972; F. Perrj'-, Fls . ".jorld 303 ^•. 320. 1972; 
Roberts, Viability of Seeds 303. 1972: ^oldenke in 'j/oodson, Schery, 
& al. Ann. Ho. Bot. Card. 6O: hS & lu8. 1973; Iloldenlce, Phj^tolo- 
gia 23: 221. 197ii. 

Dupuis (i860) describes the flowers of this species as "fleurs 
grandes, blanches ou ros^es" and calls the plant "vcrveine fausse 
Gennandr^e". Pa:>:t,on (ISUO) says that it was introduced into c-ol- 
tivation in England in 1337. Gallinal an., his associates describe 
the flowers as fragrant. The corollas on Gallinal , Ara gone, Ber - 
galli , Canipal, ■''^ R osen g urtt B.8IC are described as having been 
"white". 

Bailey (1972) describes the plant as "A perennial with yellow- 
ish or pinkish fragrant flov.-ers in terminal spikes". Gay (I8U9) 
comaents that "Esta especies es muy notable por la elegancia de 
sus f lores y el buen olor de jazmin que despiden; se hal]a igual- 
nente entre Santiago y tendoza y & una altura de diez mil piis". 
I have seen no material from Chile and suspect tl.at, as in the 
case of _V. radica ta J>:oidenke, it nay occur only in the Argentine 
portion of the route described by Gay. 

The JOrgensen 1297 specimen of which there is a photograph in 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 



373 



the Bailey llortoriun herbarium is deposited in the United States 
national Jierbariun in .Vashingtonj the other two Irailey Kortoriuni 
photor:raphs cited below represent specinens in the herbarivir. of 
the Royal Lotanic Gardens at Kevf, the- Gillies s.n, collection 
beinf; the type of V. teucrioide s Gill. f-. !'ook. 1 have exar.ined 
it and it has very lon^;, narrcv, coarsely dentate but not lobed 
leaves and asy very •.veil represent v;hat vre no,,- kno-.v as var. ste no- 
des Priq. Lt. T. a. Sprarue, in a letter to Jr. Liberty I^'de 
Bailey dated 9/6/2li, says "V_. teucrioides Gill, et I'.ool:. lot. 
llisc. i. 167 (1329) I consider that the type— specinens are rep- 
resented by four small pi.oces arranged hori::ontally on a sheet in 
Herb. Hook., with tho nane 'Gillies' vo-ittc-n below. They a~ree 
with t,he original diagnosis, and are being photographed. Gibert 
)i)i)i , from K'iontevideo , a fine specimen of the usual lovdand fom 
of V_. teucrioide s is also beinc photographed, as the t;y-pe-speciniens 
from 10,000 ft. give a verj' misleading idea of the sp." 

Additional citations: U7.U3UAY: Gallinal , A raf-one , Bergalli , Ca-n - 
pal , (J. Kosengurtt B.310 (Ba, Ba); Gibert hiih (la — photo); I' erb. 
Eernhardi s.n. (S~ll30?2). ARG}3\'TIMA: Catamarca: Jt5rgensen 1297 
[Herb. Osten 113^0], in part (Ba — photo). J.endoza: Gillies s.n. 
(Ea~photo). ^OLirrED ILll'STRATIONb: Hook, in Gurtis, lot,. Lag. 
65: pi. 3691. 1839 (Ba~photo, Ba~photo. Ba— photo) . 

V3:BB;M PL^TKNSIS var. STEHODKS Briq. 

Additional bibliography: '.oldenke, Phytologia 2L: U3. 1972. 

The type collection of V. teucrioides Gill. .^: Hook., at Kew, 
exhibits very long, narrow, very coarsely dentate but not lobed 
leaves and may actually represent var. stenodes. 

VERBEN,'; PLICATA Greene 

Additional bibliography: I'oldenke, Phr.'-tologia 21: [i3 — 16 ■'^^ 51i. 
1972; Eurlage, V^ild Plow. PI. Lalies Gountr-y ll;i^. l?73j Moldenke, 
Phytologia 23: 253. 1971. 

The corollas on £. L. L\u-.de ll IPS 2 7 '■ 11373' are z. escribed as 
having been "purple" when fresh," v.-hile those on jhinners 176Ii7 vrere 
"purple-blue". 



Fig. 1 




calyx 




^1 



corclla, opened up pis^ii coccus 



37U 



PHITOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. k 




Fig. 2 



i 

pistil 



flower 



corolla opened up 



A'/' 





Fie. 3 



calyx 

i { pistil 

corolla opened up 

Fig. 1 from Sarle & Tracy 30j Fig. 2 from Earle & Tracy Ul; 
Fig. 3 from ?r ingle s .n. [June 8] . Enlarged. 

Burlage (1973) records the common names, "Large-flowered vervain" 
and "whitevein verbena", for this species and describes it thus: "The 
flowers are generally bluish-lavender but vary from white to laven- 
der. They are 1/2 inch broad. They grow in spikes. They are peren- 
nial and with num.erous stems which fonn erect clim)ps that are 1 — 2 
feet high. These bloom, from February to tiay." Higgins encountered 
it in sa.'ic^ soil of ne s quite -Yucca- shortgrass and the mesquite- Rhus - 
Yucca ecologic communities in Texas ^d in the Larrea conmunity in 
New Mexico 

Additional citations: TEXAS: Annstrong Co.: L_. G^ Higgins khlQ 
(l!i). Brooks Co.: C. L. Lundell 10827 (Mi). Childress Co.: L. C. 

Higgins 706g (M). Garza Co.; 

Higgins 7183 (N) . Jin Hogg CoTT Botello" 
I.:itchell Co.: Lundell 



A_. Ruth 1289 (Ba) . Hall Co.: L. C_ 
Ayala 12 (Bl~210^53) 
Starr Co . ; 



Lundell 11375 C-'i) • 



Tharp 



York 5l-13ii (El~37391). V.'ebb Co.: Shinners 176U7 (Bl~91107). Za- 
pata Co.: Ariz mendi 59 (31 — 1979i|0); C-uerra , Garcia , Garcia , & Sal- 
azar 607 (Bl~210'7Siyj' J_. C^ Perez Uh (Bl~2105l49) • N-'.^ :j:XICO: 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes oa Verbena 375 

Chaves Co.: I- £_. ]!igF;in3 7023 (N) . 

VPJJtBiNA PUICII.XLA. bvfeet 

Additional •• excnded bibliopraphy: Paxt., Pock. Bot, Diet., 
ed. 1, 3?8 {1^A;0) and ed . 2, 323. I8ii9i Dupuis, .louv. Fl. Usuel. 
"j: V-ed. 2: IOI4. 1360; Gibert, ^num. ?1. f.'ontevid. U3. 1373; oolbrig 
in Voi-ffood, !od. I'eth. ?1. Tax. 86—39. 1963; Anpely, Fl. Anal. >".•. 
Fitoneor.r. S. Paulo, ed, 1, h'- 3liO 'L xix. 1971; ^^ Bailey, Cood 
HousGkeep. 111. /iicycl. ^.ard. 1$: 2303. 1772: ]:oldenke, Phytologia 
2U: 219, 233, 236, 238, .'^ 239 (1972), 2$: 23h r-. 2Uii (1973), and 
23: 20-?, 2l;7, '■ 2^$. 1971;. 

The An.Tie^y (1971) rorcrer.cc in the above bibli'>5raphy was prev- 
iously errcnoously cited by me as "1970", the title-pa^:-- date, but 
voluF.e ? of this vrark actually v/as not issued until 1971. 

Dupuio (i860) rer^ards V. te nora Jprenr . as synon^-nous v.lth V. 
pulch ella , z'^ves the ccmnon nane as "verveinc jGntillo", and de- 
scribes the plant as "Vivace, cultivde corjne annuolle; tires de 
10 c. [sicl], trai^antes; feuilles d4coup5es; fleurs bleu violac^; 
juin-octobre. Sener sur couche au coirxiencer.Gnt du printe^ps et 
ropiqucr sur couche, ou en pepiniere, en septer.bre, pour repiquer 
et hiverner sous chSssis." Paxton (l3i;C) states that it was in- 
troduced into cultivation in Jn^land in 1527. Solbrig (1968) re- 
ports that its nornal pollen fertility rate is 9U percent, 

Bailey (1972) refers to V^ pulchella as "moss veiwain" [a name 
F.ore usually applied to V^ tenuisecta Eriq.] and says of it: "Of- 
ten listed in catalogs as V. erinoides . Perennial. Fernlike, 
deeply cut foliage and shoTsy close-clustered heads of small lav- 
ender flovfers." It is very nossible that he is reierriiig here to 
the conuonly cuxtivated V. tenuisecta rather than to the true V. 
pulchella . The "Italian variety" which he mentions is a variety 
of V, tsnera Spren^:. 

The hra povickas £ Crist6bal 1^$88, distributed as V_^ pulchella , 
in actually V. tenu is ecta var. alba ;.oldenke. 

Additional citations: ARO;];jTIiLA: Buenos Aires: A. T_. Hunz iker 
U539 0-1305:977). yOLlI!T£D ILLUST::.\TI0NS: 3'.veet, Irit. Flaw. Card. 
3: pi. 29!:. I3c9 (la— photo, Ba~photo, Ba~photo) . 

VTI!3I;A PULCIIJLIA f . CC.IOLIA-ALLIDA Paxt., rock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 
323 [as " pulchell a corolla- albida"] . I3l0; ::oldeni:e, ?'h:,''tolo- 
,7ia 2!^: 231 "■- 2)i)i. 1973. 
bynoniT.iy: Verbena pulchella corolla-albida Pa:ct., Pock. Bot. 
Oict., ed. 1, 323'. laHcH 

Bibliocraphi': Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 323 (IjUO; and 
ed. 2, 323. i3l9; Lioldenite, Phytologia 2$: 23l ''■: 2liU. 1973. 

Paxton (-;.3i;0) states that this fom vras introduced into culti- 
vation in Jnrland in l33li. 

VERBi;:Li PULCHPA f.:olden}:e 

Additional bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. 1 Fitogeogr. S. 
Paulo, ed. 1, h: dhO, nap 1395. 1?71; Loldeake, Phytologia 21'- h9. 



376 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

197?. 

r.ecent collscbcrs describe this plant as a dec'jribent herb, 
rvovrlri'- to ,-'0 en. tall, and have foun'^ it at the edjre of a river 
and in vret places in "varsea" land [inundated campo] , fla.verin^^ in 
October and December. The corollas on 'iatsclibach 2^733 are said 
to have been "lilac" in color .Then fresh, ./hile those on Ilatsch - 
bach l!i769 wsrj "violet". 

Additional citations: 3?ulZIL: Parand: Il atschb ach IU769 (Ld), 
2^735 (Ld). 

7::rd:;:!a ?u:.-iu Rydb. 

Additional aynoiinvy: '/erbena pimila uydb., in herb. 

Additional & emended bibliography. Irvvin ■',: "J'ills, Roadside 
?ls. Tex. 139--I9O, pi. 39. 196l;'l.IoldenV:e, Phytologia 2U: ii9— 
53. 1972; Rickett, Wild ^^Is . U . 5 . 6 (3): ^kli, [5U5], ^^ 763, pl. 
196. 1973 j i:.olderi:e, Phytologia 23: 199 ?^ 20U. 197i|. 

Additional illustrations: In/fin £c './ills. Roadside Fls. Tex. 
pl. 39 (in color). 1961; Rickett, ".*'ild Fls . 'J. S. 6 (3): [5U5], 
pl. 196 (in color). 1973. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant in "cajetes" in 
cultivated alluvial valleys, in pinyon-juniper conmunities on 
rocky hillsides, and in sandy soil of the mesquite-Yucca-short- 
prass ecologic community, and report that the ilo'.Ters are employ- 
ed medicinally in the treatment of earache. The corollas are 
said to have been "magenta-rose" on Shinners 13556, "red-violet" 
on Fesser £2, "ro3e-p:nk" o^ 2l lu: Lundell 10931 and Lundell & 
Lu nd ell llUOl, and "pinkish-purple with a minute yellow eye" on 
Lundel l FTradell 11U35 . 

Additional citations: OPIAHOLIA.: '.'ajor Co.: G oodman .^.i Vfaterfall 
l|20l; (Bl~93126) . Murray Co.: Hopkins , f:acDCT-.^3ll , &~Gopeland 
6390 (Ea); H opkins , I'elson , £; M elson 159 (Ba). TIT-LIS: Archer 
Co.: S hinners 13556 (?1~91096), Childress Co.: L^ £. His f:in3 
7093 (H). Dallas Co.: J. Reverchon s.n. [Curtiss 1963—-] (lii) . 
Ector Co.: Lundell _:. Lundell llljOl (I,:i) . Lleberc Co.: Tharp t 
York 5I-2J1O (Dl~37liOu; . Redina Co.: C^ L_. Lundell 10931 (vi, 
l.ii). Randall Co.: Lundell '-_ L midoll 1 1U35 (i'-i) . .Sutton Co.: 
Rohrbaugh 372 (31~17a976) . Tarrant Co.: p.uth 110 (Ba) . WJii 
LliXICO: May Co.: L, C. Higgin s 67U3 (N) . LEiaCO: Oaxaca: I.esser 

22(r.:i). 

VERBSIL^ PUIvlU f . ALBIDA Lloldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U-- 51 — 53- 1972; 
Rickett, .;ild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 5UU. 1973. 

VSRBEltt QUADIiANCIJLATA Heller 

Additional bibliography: Fedde ^ Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 57 (2): h02. 193S; Iwoldenke, Phytologia 2ii: 51—53. 1972. 

The corollas are said to have been "pale-lavender" when fresh 
on C. L. Lundell 10692. 



I97I4 Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 377 

The Tharp !■ York 5---^U0 , distributed as V^ quadra.i^^ulata , is 
actually V. pur.il a V.-jdh. 

Additional citations: T.wiS: Car.eron Co.: C . L . Luridell IO692 
(i;i). Duval Co.: L. £. Johnston 5^i;106 (Dl— 1C3369) . .<'ebb Co.: 
Fowler L Vernara 103 (31—177901)} Ganez OO (Bl— 197932) . Zapata 
Co.: b arrera !^ Laurel 90 (El— 197936); J. R. .lodricuez 30 (Bl— 
19?;37) . l-E:aCO: Xamaulipas: Domin^^uez M. -j. L'.cCart 8182 (Bl— 
19732h) . 

P:21BEM IlACEi:OSA Eggert 

Additional bibliocTaphy : Solbrig in Heywood, tlod. l'.eth. PI. 
Tax. 88 'u 89. 1968 J Moldenke, Phytologia 2h.: 01 ^z 03— 01i (1972) 
and 28: 209. 197U. 

Additional citations: TEXkH: Pecos Co.: Cory 53000 (El— 90637) . 

VERBSIIA llADICATA Moldenke 

Additional bibliof^raphy: Paxt,, Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(13U0) and ed. 2, 323. I3l49; Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 55 
(1): 83U (1935) and 56 (1): 669. 1936; R. Eailsy, Good Bousekeep. 
111. Encycl. Card. l5: 2303. 1972; K'oldenke, Phytoloria 2)i: 5h i: 
126. 1972; Anon., Piol. Abstr. $$ (10): B.A.S.I.C. S.270. 1973; 
Moldenke, Piol. Abstr. ^^i 1287. 1973; Booking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 
23: 291. 197ii. 

Paxton (iSliO) asserts that this species was introduced into 
cultivation in ;Cngland in 1332. 

Although Gay (I8I1.9) records it as growing in the region betvfeen 
Santiago and Mendoza, I have seen no material of it fror. Chile as 
yet and suspect that, as in the case of V. platens is Spreng., it 
nay be only in the Argentine section of this area that the plant 
occurs'. Bailey (1972) describes it as having "Leaves are divided, 
flowers lavender and fragrant. Native to the Andes Mountains." 

Vl!ifflENA RxlDICATA var. GUdi^A (Hicken) Moldenke 

Additional bibliography-: Moldenlce, Phytologia 21;: 126. 1972; 
Anon., Biol. Abstr. 55 (10): B.A.6.I.C. S.270. 1973; Moldenke, Bi- 
ol. Abstr. 55: 1287. 1973; Hocking, Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 291. 197U. 

VERBENA RECTA H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, 
328—329, fig. 263-C. 1969; Moldenke, Phytclocia 21;: 126—127. 
1972. 

Illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed. 1, fig. 263- 

c. 1969. 

Recent collectors have encountered this plant in meadows, along 
mountain streams, and among oaks. Agave , ana many Comnelinaceae , 
fiowering in September, and fruiting in July and September. Sanchez 
Sanchez (I969) found it growing in the pedregal of the Valley of 
Mexico, where, he says, it "Florece por el mes de seotiembre" . The 
corollas on K. S. Koore 3U23 are said to have been "deep-blue" when 
fresh. ' 

The Sj_ L6pez 89, distributed as V. recta, is actually V. Carolina 



378 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

L. 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Hidalgo: Dunn , Dziekanovfski , !^ . 

Bolingbroke 20276 (E— 2112526) . L^xico: Lyonnet 3373 (.»— 2636375)- 

Korelos: K. E, Uoore 3U28 (Ea) . Puebla: 0^ I_i_. Clar k 73US (S— 

1287371) . 

VSEffiEM RECTILOBA Moldenke, Phytologia 26: U09. 1973. 

Bibliography: f.:oldenke, Phytologia 26: li09. 1973. 

Citations: BBAZlLi Rio Grande do Sul: Krapovickas, Crist6bal, 
t Q^a-r^n 22325 {Z—type) . 

VEP^EJll rilBIFOLIA "Jalp. 

Additional bibliography: Lloldenke, Phytologia 2U: 127. 1972. 

Additional citations: LCCiLITY OF CCLL:;CTI0N UiroETJiilKilJ: 
Herb. Bernhardi 133 (E~ll8050) . 

VERBENA RIGIDA Spreng. 

Sknended synonytriy: V erbena venosa Cill. ox Gibert, ."jum. PI. 
I'ontevid. U3". 1873. ~ 

Additional bibliography: Pa:ct., Fock. Cot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(I81i0) and ed. 2, 323. I81i9j Dupuis, IIouv. Fl. Usuel. L lied. 2: 
80. 1860; Gibert, Enum. PI. Uontevid. i|3. 1373; Trinen, Ilandb. Fl. 
Ceylon 3- 3h9 . 1895; J. C. ^. !.:. V/illis, itev. Cat. Flov/. ?1. Geyl. 
[Perad. Lan. Bot. 2:] 1U2. 1911; Wangerin in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 
51 (1): 551; [520]. 1929; Alston in Trimen, liandb. Fl. Ceylon 6: 
231. 1931; Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 5l (2): 332. 1933; Jex- 
Blake, Gard. East Afr., ed. 1, 266 (193li) and ed. 2, 87 t 301. 
1939; V/angerin k firause in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 60 (1): 753 [371] 
& 323. 19U1; Jex-Blake, Gard. East Afr., ed. 3, 77. 1950; G. i:. 
Barroso, Rodriguesia 32: 70. 1957; R. G. Foster, Contrib. Gray 
Herb. I8J4: 171. 1958; Abeywickrama, Ceylon Joum. Sci. Biol. 2: 
217. 1959; Martin L Noel, Fl. Albany & Bathhurst 92. I960; P. 
Fournier, Quat. Fl. France 8O6. I96I; Mair & Rehman, Biill. Nat. 
Bot. Gard. Lucknow 76: 3—5, text fig. U. 1962; Watt £-. Breyer- 
Brandwijk, I.!ed. «:: Poison. PI. S. ?i East. Afr., ed. 2, 1d5J4 &- 1U53. 
1962; Gunawardena, Gen. & Sp. PI. Zeyl. Ili7. 1968; Angely, Fl. 
Anal. & Fitogeogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, h'- 8UO & xix, nap 1395. 1971; 
Eos tick, Castanea 36: 206. 1971; Alenan ?c al., Fl. Kulturpfl. 19: 
359— U25. 1972; Amaral Franco in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3: 123. 
1972; R. Bailey, Good Housekeep. 111. Hlncycl. Gard. 15: 2303. 
1972; Beadle, Evans, Carolin, f.-. Tindale, Fl. Sydney Heg. 507 . 
1972; C. A. Br., .Vildfls. La. 156 J; 2h6. 1972; Sncke £: Buchheim 
in Zander, HandwCrterb . Pflanzennam., ed. 10, 520. 1972; G. Vf. 
Park, Parks Flow. Book 1973: 36. 1972; Skinner, Ornament. PI. 
Coastal Northw. 75. 1972; Staltsr, Castanea 37: 225- 1972; Tutin 
in Tutin S: al., Fl. Eur. 3' 369. 1972; lloldenke, Pliytologia 2U: 
219—220, 22U, & 237 (1972) and 25: 225, 226, S: 2l;ii. 1973; Anon., 
Hort. Eot. Univ. Lonaster. Ind. Sera. 1972/73: 710. 1973; Farns- 
worth, Pharmacog. Titles 8 (3): xxiii. 1973; Vv^ A. Burpee, Burpee 
Seeds 1971;: 5U. 1971;; Lasser, Braun, u Steyerm., Act. Bot. Venez. 
9: 36. I97I;; lioldenke, Phytologia 28: 116, I96, 220, L 2l;5. 1971;. 



197U koidenke, Notes on Verbena 379 

Additional illustrations: C. A. br., .jildils. La. 156 (in col-, 
or). 1972. 

rtecent collectors have founc this plant rroiiinz in caripos, 
"ca:^.po sujo", roadsides, and sunrxy sandy-clay sloping roadsides, 
in brackish marshes, sunny roads iie ditches, sane of dr:,' succ'ilent 
bushveld, and sandy-loa.Ti soil in oaJ-:-pins associations, and alone 
railroad tracks, ascondinr to 2hOO :r.2ter3 altitude, laylis-^ refers 
to it as "semi-prostrate", but Hanscani describes it as a "perennial 
herb, uprirht"; ])ress says that in cultivation it is rrown as an 
annual. :rs. Fracelin found a speciren "ov';r 2 f;3t tall", -.vhile 
lalakrishnan rakes the L-npo«sibls assertion that it is a "1.2 ~.. 
tall shrub". It has a decided tendency to spread in and fror. 
cultivation. 

The corollas are saic; to h.avc \:con "purplo" on :" -ins can s .n. 
[L:ay 20, 1?63], jlrapo v ickas , ::rist6bal , '_ I.aruflak £3^, and 
a hacklotte 65?2 , "purple (i'o.O ? :^/10)" on LinCoria." ^ ::aas 31?'U , 
"purplish" on ny 3oy-on collection cited belov;, "blue" on L.ueller- 
DOT^ois 630513143, "violet" on Dross 13?0 , liatschba cb 2_^]i63, 23^10, 
3273^7"- 3273 7, and K^.jrju-ow itO, "nauve" on l^}-f-}-r^^]}£'^^ I.'LK.l,!} , 
"ivfeep-r.auve" on Cillett 3?-6 C-76, "dari:-r.auve" on ^iij:_p -S.3 6O3, 
"mauve-purple" on Z . L. 1'. Lawrejice U^l, "rose-purple" on i^idenke 
307li , "acul-r.crado" on r^senc.urtt b.QOl, and "K'iS [i;oyal I'ort. 
Soc. 3olour 3hart] 33" on G_. H_. };_. Lawrence s .n. [Au;::, 1^, 19JJ.] , 
-.vhile on .dkoff 1336 the collector says "corolD a-lobes 2IIS ^iose 
Purple, p inker" tov?ard t'liroat" . Lurpee (1971:) describes the plant 
as "Ver.' useful r.auvish-blue flov/ered plant, ideal as a foil for 
briphtly colored suni-er bedding plants", attairdnr- a heirht of 1 
foot, 'le offers a packet of seeds for LS cents, one-ci<:;hth. ounce 
for il.25, ana a quarter o-ance for "2.25. Lasser, 'Janin, '' Stey- 
ennai'k (1?7L) report it as cultivated in Venezuela, 

T, S. Cochrane, in a letter to r.e dated July 19, 1972, saj's th^t 
the following: speciruens of V, ririda are in the herbariir; of the 
Iniversity of .isconsin: .SOTth" CAHCLIICA : Richland Co.: Lorv.o JjS. 
ALABAI/A: Tuscaloosa Co.: ::ere !nus 571 . lOiSblSSI??!: I'.ancock Co.: 
?. H. Sar.';-ent 3356 . LC'U]GIA?iA:"Ascension Par.: rfauer 3?'21i.. T.'ICAS: 
:-:arris Co.: 3_. L_. I'ish er s.n. [lli Sept. 1913] (2 sheet?).' jtalter 
(1972) records the specie- froni "eorrctown County, South Carolina. 
Liartin '. IJoel (I96O)* deocribe the f lowers as "p-orplo" 2.nc. found 
the plant gro-.vlnf in rrasslands and on road izar'-ins, flov/erir.fr fror. 
::ovenb2r to L'arch. Park (1972) calls it tJie "Ilardy Verb^cna Venosa", 
describes it as ^rovrinr 1 foot tall, v.lti; "l^.vendcr" flowers, and 
soils a packet of 100 seeds for kS cents. i;eadle and his associates 
(1972) describe the corollas as "purple", the "Plant usually 20 — UO 
C!r. high v;ith a creeping rhizw:;e and ereci or ascending- steris." They 
refer to it as the "Veined Verbena" and assert that in the oydney, 
Australia, rejjion it is a "'.Veed of -/raste ground and railway enclo- 
sures. Introd. fror. 5. Amcr." The Gill ctt 39-60 -76, cited belcv, 
was :-^ro'fln froir. seed received fror. Gemanj'', 

The Angely (1971) ~ork referred to in the biblio^raphr,'- above was 



380 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

previously erroneously cited by me as "1970", the title-pa[-e date, 
but the volume concerned v.-as not actually published until 1?71. 
Anr.ely refers to the plint as a nor/;ophyte, .^rowin^ in "varzea e 
postos umidos" at 720—750 n. altitude in SSo Paulo, Brazil, flow- 
ering and fruiting there in December. V/att e^; 3reyer-Branth-ajk 
(1962) call the plant "Veined Vervein" and "morod" and corruT.ont 
that "The 3otho use a decoction of the root... for heartburn and 

colic Pammel. . ..states that it is irritant. The plant has 

be'in suspected of causing: sickness in stock, the sj-mptons being 

constipation, feverishness and 's^'/cllinc^ at tiriroat and neck' 

The leaf contains urease and tne stem a trace.... The plant rives 
negative antibiotic tests." 

Paxton (l8iiO) avers that ohis species v;as introduced into cul- 
tivation in iigland as V^ venosa in 1330 and as Yj_ rugos a in 1333- 
Fournier (I96I) reduces it to synonymy under V. chamaedr^' folia 
[=V. peruviana (L.) Britton], which is palpably ridiculous. Dupuis 
(i860) calls it "Vei-veine veinee" and describes it as "Vivace, cul- 
tivee comme annuelle; tige de pO i 65 cent.; feuilles lanc^olles, 
dent^es; flaurs pourpre violace, en ^pi ramasse; juin-octobre." 

Bailey (1972) describes the species as "An erect percmiial 
that grows to 2 ft. It has narrow, sharply toothed leaves 2 to 3 
in. long, and purple flowers in dense spikes ? in. long. Blooms 
the first year from seed." Trimen (1395) refers to it as a "native 
of South Erazil, 2cc." and says that in Ceylon it "has escaped 
from gardens in the hills, and is often found in a wild state on 
roadsides and waste ground about Nuwara Eliya." 

Alston (1931) separates this species from V. bonariensis L. by 
saying that in V. rigida the inflorescence is much-branched, the 
bracts equal the calyx-segments, and the corollas are violet in 
color, ;;hile in V. bonariensis the inflorescence is usually simple, 
the bracts are longer than the calyx-segments, and the corollas 
are pale-mauve in color. He notes that "Trimen' s specimens appear 
to be V. bonariensis", but says that the true V_. rigida (-.vhich he 
calls V. venosa) does occur in Ceylon in "Grassy places about l-Iu- 
vara .cTIya .^: Ilakgala" vrhere it flowers in t^.ay and September. 
L:ueller-Dombois encountered it at Chiya in Badulla District, where 
it "probably escaped from, cultivation." 

A garden h;^-brid of this spacies viith V. officinalis L. has been 
called xV. off ic inali-venosa ?a:ct., vfhich see. 

liaterial of V. rigida has been misidentified and distributed in 
some herbaria as xV. hyb rida Voss. On the other hand, the Amara- 
tunga 695 and Balakr ishnan :JBK.1038, diotributed as V. rigida, are 
actually V^ bonarien sis L., Din s.n. [29/V1970] is V_. bonariensis 
var. conglomerata Briq., and Lake 2999 is V. hispida Ruiz L Pav. 

Additional citations: SOUTH CAROLINA: Colleton Co.: Ahles L 
Bell 15505 (Bl~l5028l). GEORGIA: Baker Co.: I.:oldenke ^ I voldenke 
2690lt (Ac). Burke Co.: Shacklette 6892 (Bl— 202029) . Dougherty 
Co.: Moldenke '_^ Molden>:e 26°11 (Ld, Ps~1326) . Pulaski Co.: Lol" 
denke & L'oldenke 26930 (Ea) . FLORIDA: Bay Co.: Lloldenke 5; Lolden- 



197li lioidenke. Notes on Verbena 38I 

ke 2669U (Ac, La, Ld, .Vs) . ALAL/J.A: Clarke Jo.: Lioidenke L Lol- . 
derlce 263^.'; (:.'a, I.d) . ;.:i5JIS:jIPPI : .I'ayns Co.: L oldem-.e t: lioidenke 
2633? (Ac", La, Ld). TLXA.b: Harris Co.: G_. L^ I'isher |1001 (Bl— 
2^1), s£u [Lay 5, 19i;7] (El--2?3599) i L. C. iiinrin s 3930 (i:i) . 
Jefferson Co.: Lundell £: Limdell 1 1206 (I.i) . ..'aller Co.: Cory 
$h2S3 (Bl— 5911*9, Tu— 123U96y. BRAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 28it63 
(Ld), 23^10 (Ld, :i), 32736 (Gz), 32787 (Ld); Krap ovickas, Cristobal, 
^ 1 arufiak 2332U (Ld); lii curirow UQ (Ac); Lindeman '_ Kaas 313li {■'■) » 
LliUGl'AY: h> jsen»-;urtt iD.5301 (BaTT AhCLCTIKA: Foruiosa: JOrgensen 
2637 Ci— 366619) . 60L'TH Ai'-PlICA: Cape Pro^rince: Layliss 3S.3603 
(3a). CiarLO::: Bala krl shnan MBK.I1I3 (f, Pd); Lueller-Sombois 
6:0<l3h8 (?d). CULTIVATED: California: J;_raceliri I306 (l^a), 2307 
C'BaT"; Hanscaci s.n. [L'.ay 20, I963] (Ea); !!e rb".~Univ . Calif. L. A_. 
s.n. [Septer.ber 7, 19ii3] (Ba). Canada: Cillett 39-60-76 (iaT; G_. 
H. !.!. Lavrrence h3^1 (Ba) . Ceylon: Col l actor imdetarr.JLned s .n. 
[Dec. 13j7] (Pd); !."oldenke , lioidenke , Ja^/asuriy a, ' Si lt.j thra arach- 
chi 23290 (Ld, ?d, ;;— 2761i?G9) . iigypt: Poulos s.n. [July 19^2] 
(Gz); Has sib s.n. [29/I4/I9UI] (Gz) . India: Collector undetermi n- 
ed s .n. [Coy Gardens] (Pd) . New York: Dress 1390 (Ba); D^ A. 
Fisher s .n. 'July 7, 1936] (Ba)j G_. 21: ^^ Lavrrence s.n. [Aug. 12, 
19iil] '(BaJ; li. U, J-ioldenkc 3071; (Ba) , Pennsylvania: Wikoff 1336 
(Ba). 

VjIRB.-;I11 PJGIDA var. LIUCIIIA. (Benard ?.. Bodcer) r..oldenlce 

Additional si^:o^;/Tni'•: Verbe na ve nosa var. lilac ina Jex-Llake, 
Card. Jast Afr., ed. 2, 57 '. 301. 1939. 

Additional biblioeraphj': Jex-Blar:e, Card, .jast Afr., ed. 2, 37 
L 301 (1939) anci ed.'3, 77. 1950; I.io^denke, Phcrtologia 21^: 132 
(1972) and 25: 2lih, 1973. 

llrs. Lracelin (en her no. 2113) describes the color of the 
corollas of this variety as "635/3 lineral Violet HHS" [Koyal Hor- 
ticultural Society Colour Chart]. She asserts that the plants grow 
1 to 2 1/2 feet tall and flower (in California) in June. 

Additional citations: CLXiilVATED: California: Eracelin 2113 (Ba) . 

ViRDZNA raiPA^HA liaf . 

Additional biblior;raohy: Dole, Fl. Vt., ed, 3, 22u. 1937; Lioiden- 
ke, Phytologia 2U: 133. 1972. 

The Verb ana ri-^aria Small ',: Heller of Dole (1937) is a synonjTTi 
of V_. urticilo lia ii^., a species very different from V. riparia Raf . 
Hafinesqu'?' « nlant is nore closel;;- related, rather, to V. officin- 
alis L. anci its various varieties. 

VS?J:E?Li P.OBUSTA Greene 

Additional bibliorraphy: Hiftrins, Gccas. Pap. San Diepo I.'at. liist. 
Soc. 3: 121. 19L?; A. R. '.ioldenks, Stud. Sp. Divers. Calif. PI. 
Conn, [dissert.] 270—275, ?77, 278, 28I, 23U, 239, :.- 303—309. 
I97I; r..'olden}:e, Phytoloria 2[i: 133—131;. 1972; ?arns?:ort}i, .-harmacoE . 



382 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

Titles 6, Gim. Gen. Ind. [121]. 1973. 

.-.ndrev; roldenke (1971) records the foilowirur insects as visi- 
tors to the flowers of this species: Diptera - Lepi danthrax 
lauta, L. sp., ana Geron sp.; Lepidootera - Zulonchus marginatus , 
?olit3s snt\:l9ti, and Phycioides campestris j 'Joleootera - Tric h- 
odes orratus; and r^/r.enoo tera - Osrla coloradg nsis , 0. cyanella, 
C. 2::i~ua, Lalis^oces lucina, :!oplitis producta rracilis, I!es- 
peroois ronuiaris, ""sriades occidGntalis, Chglo stOTr:o psis rubi - 
Tlorii7 Joratina acantha , 2. michneri, G_. nanula, I.onbus vosnes - 
en3;:ii, Ashnieadiella cactorurr. basalis and A_. calif ornica . 

V ZC2y\ '.VJ'vlifl]l roldenke 

Additional bibliography: D. S. i-. 11. L. Ccrrell, Aquat, L .Vet- 
land ?1. S,:. U. S. 1397 :'; llOO. 1972^ ::oldenl:e, Phytolopia 2k: 

I3u~l35 :- 257. 1972. 

The corollas on C_. !_. Lv.ndel l 10679 ■^-- 10709 and J undell ?_ Lun - 
dell 1103c are said to have been "lavancer" vrhen fresh, vAile the 
Worrells (1972) describe theri as "blue". T!iese latter vrorkers 
describe the distribution of the species as "Lostly in moist or 
'.vet j^round, open fields, bani:s, resaca bottoras, ditches and road- 
sides in Tex, from Hidalgo and Ganeron cos . along the coast to 
I.'ueces Co.", flovr-ering there from February to June. 

Additional citations: TEXA.5: 3razoria Co.: Lundell L Lundell 
11036 (Ki) . Caneron Co.: ^ C_^ Johnston 253-5 (31—92100); _C, L. 
Lundell 10679 (li), 10709 (k'i) , 13753 (I'a, Bl~ 71333) • 

VZ:l3:;NA .IU^IOM f, nCSIi-XOaA L. I. Davis 

Additional bibliorraohy: D. S. L H. B. Correll, Aquat, L '.Vet- 
land x^l. oW. U. S. 1397 •>. I4OO. 1972 j I'oldenke, Phytoloc^ia 2U: 
135. 1'72. 

xV:.^.?3E!!A ?.YI?B~;M3II I'oldenke 

Additional syno.x^ny: xVerbena rhydberrii rell, Fl. .vinnebarjo 
Go. 122, sphaliTi- 1955. 

Additional : onended bibliography: Dlevdtt, Fl. "/aterbury I05. 
1926; Uydb,, Fl. Prairies :• Plains, or. 1, 673. 1932^ Fell, Fl. 
iinnecago Go. 122. 1955} ^xsseLnan, Gociirane, P.ice, f: P.ice, :.ach. 
5ot. 10: 133. 1971,' -ydb., Fl. Prairies l Plains, pr. 2, 673. 
I97I; Grun, ?roc. lov^a Acad. Sci. 73: 36. 1972j I.:oldGnl:8, Ph^-'to- 
lo-ia 2)4: 135-- 136 (1972) and 23: 109, 2l5, 216, ^; 2)iU. I97i;j 
i:ohl3nbrock ■■ Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 236, 237, ■! 33?. 1974- 

Flev.dtt (1926) records this h^'brid fro.) Mev.- F.aven County, Con- 
necticut, Fell (1955) from .Vinnebago Counts', Illinois, and Grum 
(1972) froa Black Fawk Gounty, larta. The last-ir.antioned author 
found the plant to be "infrequent" on "m.esic prairie", flowering 
in June. Forr found it "coinmoa in local colonies" and describes 
Uie color of the corollas on Ilorr u691 as "blue". '.Vi;i.ls en- 
count jred it on sandy roadsides, Thibault in san:!;/ acid soil ex- 
posed to "open direct sunlight", and Dennis ■!: Liesner in over- 
grovm pastures -vith Aster, Gnanhaliijm , and Soli dago , all in .*is- 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 383 

consin. .' ohlsnbrock ^■. Voi.f^t (1775:) record it from Jackson County., 
Illinois, yus^elnan ani his associatss (1?71) found it in low 
weed;/- fields in :iock County, V/isconsin, and refer to it as ".-tyd- 
berr'' 3 vervain" . 

Additional citations: IOWA: Dickinaon Co.: Shimek 3.n, [Aug, 8, 
1916] (Bl— 1065U3). WISCONSIN: Juneau Co.: Thibault hh (Wa, Wa) . 
Lafayette Co.: Dennis & Liesner a.n. [Sept. 11, 1966]~llfB) . Rich- 
land Co.: D. ;7ill3 a.n. [July 27, 1957] (Wa) . KANSAS: Cheyenne 
Co.: Horr T^91 (Bl— 91135) . MISSOURI: Marion Co.: J_. Davis a.n. 
[July 13, 1913] (E— 10235U1) . 

V5EBENA SAGITTALIS Cham. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 136 (1972) 
and 23: 2^6. 197U. 

The Hatachbach 25327, diatributed aa V. sagitt&lia , ia actually 
V. ailnutiflora Briq. 

VERBENA SANTIAGUENSIS (Covaa ^ Schnack) Moldenke 

AddlUonal bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
86 — ^39. I968j Moldenke, Pl^ytologia 2U: 136—138. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reporta that the normal rate of pollen fertility 
in thia species ia 89 percent. 

VEEBKNA SANTIAGUENSIS (Covaa & Schnack) Moldenke i V. PERUVIAHA (L.) 
Britton 

Additional ajTaonyiny; Glandular ia aantiaguenaia x peruviana Sol- 
brig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 97. 1960. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
37. 1968; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 137—138. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reporta the nornial rate of pollen fertility in 
thia hybrid ia only 51 pwrcent. 

V31BENA SANTL^GUENSIS (Covaa & Schnack) Moldenke x V. PULC BELLA 
Sweet 

Synonymy: Glandularia aantiaguenais x pulchella Solbrig in Hey- 
wood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 37. 1968. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
37. 1968 J Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 138. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reporta that the normal rate of pollen fertility 
in this hybrid ia 50 percent, 

VERBENA SCABRA Vahl 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., od. 1, 328 
(18U0) and ed. 2, 328. l8U9j D. S. k H. B. Correll, Aquat. & Wet- 
land PI. SW. U. S. 1396— [1398], fig. 65U a— f. 1972} Famaworth, 
Phanaacog, Titles 7 (10): xvl. 1972j Fong, Trojinkova, Trojinek, & 
Famaworth, Lloydia 25: lii7. 1972j Button, Caatanea 37i 2li2 & 2li3. 
1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 220 (1972) and 25: 23li. 1973; Anon., 
Biol. Abatr. 56 (2): BJL,SJ:.C. S.230. 1973. 

Additional illuatrationa : D. S- & H, B. Correll, A<jiat, i Wet- 
land PI. SW, U. S. [1398], fig. 65U a— f. 1972, 



331i PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

Button (1972) ccsaaients that this species reaches the northeni-% 
most extension of its range in California; he gives its overall 
range as "Florida to Mexico and California, n. to s.e. Virginia; 
also West Indies, Central America, and South America", Actually, 
as far as I know, the species is xinknown in Central and South Am- 
erica. The Corrells (1972) give its distribution as "Mostly rich 
soil of low grounds, marshes, swamps and edges of lakes and 
streams, Okla, (Cherokee Co.) and throughout most of Tex. except 
Plains Country, N. H. (Eddy Co.) and Ariz. (Gila, Pinal, Santa 
Cruz and Pima cos.). Mar. — Dec.} N, C. to Fla. and W, I., w. to 
Ariz., Calif, and n. Mex." Hutton (1972) found it in Mason Coun- 
ty, West Virginia. Paxton (13U0) asserts that it was introduced 
into cultivation in England in l825. 

Additional citations: FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Nash 121^8 (Ba) . AR- 
IZONA: Pima Co.: Pringle s.n. [.near Tucson, July 18, 133U] (Mi). 

VERBENA SCABRA f , ANGUSTI FOLIA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: D. S. & H. B. Correll, Aquat, & Wet- 
land PI. SW. U. 3. 1396 & 1397. 1972 J Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 
liiO. 1972. 

xVERBENA SCHNACKII Moldenke 

Additional synonymy: Glandularia peruviana x G. megapotamica 
Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 88. 1968. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Heywood. Mod. Meth. PI. 
Tax. 87 & 88. I968; Moldenke, rhytologia 21^: lUO. 1972. 

Solbrig (1968) reports that the normal rate of pollen fertility 
in this hybrid is 65 percent, 

VERBENA SCROBICULATA Grlseb. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 21*5 lUO — IhX. 
1972. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as a perennial herb, 30 
cm. to 1 m. tall, then prostrate, and have encountered it on hill- 
sides among shrubs and as "ccanmon" in shade on moist sand along 
riverbanks, at altitudes of 8OO — I6UO meters, flowering in July, 
October, and December, and fruiting in July. The corollas are 
said to have been "dark-iilac" on Schulz & Varela 5128, "purple" 
on Eyerdam & Beetle 22626 and Ventxiri £397, and "flores coloradas 
vivas" on JOrgensen 1298 . Material has been nisidentified and 
distributed in some herbaria under the designation Glandularia 
peruviana (L.) Small, 

Additional citations: ARGEirriNA: Cataraarca: JOrgensen 1299 (E — 
818812) . Jujuy: Venturi g397 (E— 960263) . Salta: Eyerdam & 
BeeUe 22626 (Ba) j Schulz & Varela 5128 (Ws) . 

VERBENA SEDULA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Hocking, Excerot. Bot. A. 18: iM. 1971} 
Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: HO.. 1972. 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 385 

VERBENA. SELLOI Sprang. 

Additional bibliography: Solbrig in Haywood. Mod, Math, ?1, 
Tax. 89. 1968; Moidenke, Phytologia 2U: lid— lii2 ^ 23h {1972) and 
28: 120. 197U. 

In addition to the months previously recorded by me, this plant 
has bean collected in flower in October amd Deceober. The corol- 
las on Krapovickas , Crist6bal, Mroginaki, & Fernandez 2223U are 
described as having been "lilac" in color when fresh, while those 
on Krapovickas & Cristobal 20536 were 'hrhitish- violet" . 

The Krapovickas, Cristobal , & Maruflak 15U92, distributeu as V. 
selloi , is actually V, calliantha Briq. 

Additional citations: ARGEfn'INA: Buenos Aires: Krapovickas , 
Cri8t6bal y kroginaki , & Fernandez 2228U (Ld). Tacamin: Krapovic- 
kas & Cri8t<Sbal 20$36 (Z). 

VERBENA SESSILIS (Cham.) Kuntze 

Additional synonyny; Verbena sessilis decurrens Cham, ex 
Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 3 (2): 257. I898. Verbena sessilis 
sessilis Cham, ex Kuntze, Rev. Gan. PI. 3 (2): 257. 1898. 

Additional bibliography: Gibert, Emm. PI. Montevid. U3. l873j 
Moldenka, Phytologia 2U: lli2— lli3 & lii8 . 1972. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as erect and have found 
it "en jjastizal anegado", flowering and fruiting in October. The 
corollas on Krapovickas ?c Cri5t6bal 16357 are said to have been 
"lilac" in color whan fresh. 

Additional citations: ARGENTINA: Corrientes: Krapovickas & 
Cristobal 16357 (Ws) . Formosa: JOrgensen 2/i77 (E— 831936) . 

VERBENA SETACEA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde &. Schust. in Just, Bot, Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19Uli Uoldenke, Phytologia 2U: lli3. 1972. 

VERBENA SIMPLEX Lehn. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena angustifolia glabra Engelm., in 
herb. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Willd., Enum. PI. Hort. Ber- 
ol. 2: 633. 1809} J. Torr., Compend. Fl. 233—239. 1826} Paxt., 
Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 (I81i0) and ad. 2, 328. 18I;9} 0. R. 
Willis, Fl. Wastchestar Co. 801. 1380} Baerecke, Anal. Keys Ferna 
Sc Flow. PI. Atl. Sect. Middl. Fla. llU. I9O6} W. Stone, Ann. Rep. 
N. J. State Mus. I9IO (2): 660 & 661. 1911} Twining, Fl. Northwest. 
Penn. 60. 1917} Tischler, Tabul. Biol. U: 2U & U3. 1927} Wangerin 
in Just, Bot. Jahresber. U9 (1): 521. 1923} Rydb., Fl. Prairies 
& Plains, pr. 1, 677 & 967. 1932} Dole, Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 223. 
1937} Evers, 111. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 26: Ii21 & li36. 1955} 
Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955} R. KcVaugh, N. Y. State Mus . 
Bull. 360A: 195 ?ji U32. 1958} Uusselnan, Cochrane, Rice, & Rice, 
Mich. Bot. 10: I83. 1971} tilers, Univ. Iowa Stud. Nat. Hist. 
21: 60, 61, & 123. 1971} Ellis, Wofford, £c Chester, Castanea 
36: 2U2. 1971} Rydb., Fl. Prair- 



386 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. li 

ies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677 & 967. 1971; Sipple, Bartonia Ul: 3$- 
1971; Wherry, Bartonia hi: 79. 1971; Mazzeo, Castanea 37: 176. 
1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 21;: 139, lli3— m7, & 223 (1972) and 
25: 225 & 226. 1973; Ralph, Checklist Vase. PI. Coast. PI. Comm. 
29. 1973; Eickett, Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): SUh & 783. 1973; W. 
Stone, PI, South. N. J,, pr. 2, 660 & 661. 1973; Mohlanbrock & 
Voigt, Fl. South, m. 286, 287, & 389. 197U} Moldenke, Pt](y1>olo- 
gia 28: 257. 197U. 

The name that must be adopted for this species, V. simplex , is 
apparently based on a specimen cultivated in the HambuTg (Germany) 
Botanical Garden in or before 1825. 

Mazzeo (1972) cites Mazzeo & Schaffner 22U9 from dry soil in 
TTarren County, Virginia; Ellis, Wofford, Sc Chester (1971) found 
the species in Stewart County, Tennessee, and in lyon and Trigg 
Counties, Kentucky; Fell (1955) reports it as "Not uncoamon on 
dry prairies, gravel hills, and in sandy places'* in Winnebago 
County, Illinois, growing with the "uncommon" xV. blancbardi Mol- 
denke and the "ccomon and variable" xV. moechina Moldenke . 

Eilers (1971) says that V. simplex is frequent on sandy 
prairies and on alluvial flats in the Cedar River drainage in Io- 
wa, and cites it from Benton, Blackhawk, Bremer. Buchanan, Cerro 
Gordo, Johnson, and Linn Counties. Evers (1955; found it growing 
"in seven hill prairies, in either rocky soil or loess" in Illin- 
ois. Benner (1932) asserts that it is rare and local in dry 
fields and waste places in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and cites 
collections by Fretz and Clayton from East Rockhill Township, by 
Brown frcfflu Tullytown, and by an unidentified collector from Pine- 
ville and Wright stown. Stooa (1911) says that in his day it was 
found on open ground in southern New Jersey, "occasional through- 
out the State, especially in the Middle district. A weed in many 
places, and the few Pine Barren records are all to be so regarded". 
He gives its flowering period as "Early Jtme to late July and spor- 
adically into September". Torrey (18U3) fo\ind it in New York 
state in "Sandy fields and dry hill-sides on the island of New- 
York", flowering from July to August. Willis (1830) cites a col- 
lection by Fisher from Westchester County, New York. Wherry (1971) 
records it from Montgomery County and Twining (1917) from Monroe 
County, Pennsylvania. 

Dole (1937) records V, simplex from Bennington and Windsor 
counties, Vermont, citing unnumbered collections by Blanchard and 
by Eittredge, while Musselman and his associates (1971) record it 
from Rock County, Wisconsin, citing a Skavlam collection in the 
University of Wisconsin herbaurium. 

The Engelmann s.n. cited below consists only of floral dissec- 
tions for coaqjarison with related species and hybrids. 

Recent collectors have found the plant growing on limestone 
cliffs, in dry upland meadows, in prairie patches on Cedarville 
dolomite, and in open Da nthonia-Diodia coraaunities, as well as on 
limestone-gravelly prairies, flowering and fruiting in July. Pax- 
ton (18U0) calls it "worthless" as a horticultural subject. The 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 387 

corollas on Allard 3100 are described as having been »^iue" when 
fresh, on E. H^ Walker 3656 as "lavender", and on Leonard & Al- 
lard 20688 as "light purplish-blue". 

The £. L. Braun s.n . [VII-22-12], cited below, is a mixture 
with xV. moechilna lioldenke, while the Shiaek s -n. [Sept. 1, 1920], 
distributed as V. simplex , is actually V_. hastata L. 

Additional citations: liARTLAND: Prince Georges Co.: Van Eael- 
tine & koseley 6h (W— 539299) • Plumaor's Island: A. S^ Hitchcock 
12690 (W— 2761258). DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.: E. C. Leonard 562 (W— 
2163130); Pollard s.n. [August 3, 1895] (W— 307119), s.n. [July 
U, 1896] (W— 307195yr seainan s.n. (W— 787356, W--787357); Steele 
s.n. [June 27, I896] (W— 361^2^17^ Ward 3_^ [I876] (W— lli75^6) . " 
VIRGINIA: Culpeper Co.; Allard 211477 (W— 2177062); Leonard & Al- 
lard 20688 (W— 213lil498) . Fairfax Co.: E. lU Walker 36^6T w~ 
1920717}T Fauquier Co.: Allard 1682 (W— 1728796) , 3100 (W— 
1731*598), 6698 (W— 1812902), 11285 (W— I898II8), 1192li (W— 
1916563), II9U6 (W~1916562). Loudoun Co.: Hambleton 285 (W— 
23U5980). NORTH CAROLIMA: Granville Co.: Radford U3^8F Tb1— 
182228); P^adford & O'Eriant U5U72 (Bl— 2U^3liri OHIO: Adams Co.: 
E. L. Braun s.n. Jjune 23, 1926] (W— 2712379) . Hamilton Co.: E. 
L. Braun s.n. [Vni-l5-05] (7^—2712368). Highlands Co.: E^ L. 
Braun s.n. [July 26, 1962] (¥—2712378). ILLINOIS: Stocy Island: 
E. L. Braun s.n. [VII-22-12] (W— 2712369) . IOWA: Muscatine Co.: 
Shlmek s.n. [Aug. 21, 1915] (Bl— IO6U6O) . KENTUCKY: Jessamine 
Co.: E. L. Braun 921 (¥—2667623), Ky.lj (W— 2667621) . Wayne Co.: 
E. L_. Braun 3083 (W— 266762U) . KANSAS: Douglas Co.: Horr E.76 
(Bl— 55899) . Woodson Co.: Lathrop 1350 (Bl— 118826) . MISSOURI: 
Saint Louis City: Engelmann s.n. (E— 117332) . 

VERBENA SINUATA Grieve & Leyel 

Additional bibliography: Grieve & Leyel, Modem Herb., pr. 3, 
2: 832. 1967; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 1U7. 1972, 

VERBENA SPHAEROCARPA Perry- 
Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. I9la; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 117. 1972, 

VERBENA STELLARIOIDES Cham. 

Additional bibliography: Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. h3. 1873; 
Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI, Tax. 82, 86—89, & 92. I968; 
Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: lli2 & 11^8 (1972) and 28: 208. 197U. 

Solbidg (1968) informs us that the normal rate of pollen fertil- 
ity in this species is 98 percent. He also has determined that 
V. stellarioides and V\ peruviana (L.) Britton will not hybridize 
where they grow together in the wild, but will hybridize with in- 
dividuals brought in from outside their own particular local area. 



388 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

VERBENA STORBOCLADA Briq. 

Additional synoTiyviy: Verbena stereoclada Brlq., in herb. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: lii9. 1972. 

The corollas are said to have been "violet" in color when 
fresh on Katscbbach 33603 and Hatschbach & Koczicki 27212 and "li- 
lac" on Hatschbach 327ii7 & 3361^, and these collectors found the 
plant in "brejo" and creeping in sandy soil at the baise of hills, 
flowering in October and fruiting in December. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Siil: Hatschbach 
327U7 (Ld), 33603 (Gz), 33615 (Ac); Hatschbach & Koczicki 27212 
(Ld, N, W—2706621) . 

VERBENA STRICTA Vent. 

Einended synoniyiiy: Verbena stricta Tfilld. ex S. Eli., Sketch, 
pr. 1, 2: 99. 1821. 

Additional & emended bibliograply: Desf., Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed. 

1, 55. iBOlii Willd., Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 633. 1809; Desf., 
Tabl. ficol. Bot., ed, 2, 66. I8l5; S, Ell., Sketch, pr. 1 & 2, 2: 
99 & 7U3. 1821; Paxt,, Pock, Bot, Diet., ed. 1, 328 (18U0) and ed. 

2, 328. 18U9; Twining, Fl. Northeast, Penn. 60. 1917; Braun, 
Ecology 2: 171i~175. 1921; Hanson, Am. Journ, Bot, 9: 331. 1922; 
Blewitt, Fl. Waterbury 105. 1926; Clute, Am, Botanist 33^ HU. 
1927; Tischler, Tabul. Biol, h: 2ii & U3. 1927; Wangerin in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber. U9 (1): 521. 1928; Rydb., Fl, Prairies & Plains. 
pr, 1, 677, 678, & 967. 1932; Oertel, U. S, Dept. Agr, Circ, S^ht 
19. 1939; Fedde & Schust, in Just, Bot, Jahresber. 60 (2): 575. 
19U1; Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wildlife & PI., pr, 1, Ulli. 1951; 
Erdtman, Pollen Morph. & PI, Tax., ed. 1, UU9, fig. 256 A. 1952; 
W, A. Weber, Handb, PI. Colo, Front Range, ed. 1, 157. 1953; 
Evers, 111. Nat. Hist. Surv. Bull. 26: 392, UOO, U21, & U36. 1955} 
Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955; Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wild- 
life & PI., pr. 2, lillt. 1961; W. A. Weber, Handb. PI. Colo. Front 
Range, ed. 2, 157. 1961; Erdtman, Pollen Korph. & PI, Tax., ed. 2, 
hh9, fig. 256 A. 1966; W, A. Weber, Rocky Mtn. Fl., ed. 1, 3O6. 
1967; Delorit, Illustr. Tax. Man Weed Seeds 96 & 97. 1970; Eilers, 
Univ. Iowa Stud. Nat, Hist. 21: 60, 61, & 123. 1971; S. Ell., 
Sketch, pr. 3, 2: 99 & 7U3. 1971; MusseLnan, Cochrane, Rice, & 
Rice, Mich. Bot. 10: 18U. 1971; I^db,, Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 
2, 2: 677, 678, & 967. 19 71; Vallentine, Range Develop. & Improv. 
95 & h$9. I97I; Wherry, Bartonia U.: 79. 1971; R. C Anderson in 
J. H. Zimmenn., Proc. Second Midwest Prairie Conf . 16. 1972; R, 
Bailey, Good Housekeep. 111. Encycl. Gard. 15: 2303. 1972; Crnm, 
Proc, Iowa Acad. Sci, 78: 86. 1972; Scharrer in J. H. Zimmerm., 
Proc. Second Midwest Prairie Conf. 10. 1972; W, A. Weber, Rocky 
Mtn. Fl., ed. 2, 306. 1972; Wilkinson & Jaques, How to Know Weeds, 
ed. 2, 123, 207, & 231, fig. 296. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 
220—225 & 257 (I972) and 25: 226 & 2hh» 1973; Lommasson, Nebr, 
Wild Fls. 86 & 18U, pi. nk* 1973; L. P, Mill., Phytochem. 1: 329, 
362, 393, & lao. 1973; Moldenke, Biol. Abstr. 55s 1287. 1973; 
Ralph, Checklist Vase. PI, Coast, PI. Ccnnn. 29. 1973; Rickett, 
Wild Fls, U, S, 6 (3): [51i3], SUh, & 783, pl. 195. 1973; Hocking, 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 389 

Excerpt. Bot. A. 23: 291. 197Ui Mohlenbrock & Volgt Fl. Sofuth. 
111. 286, 287, & 389. 197Ui Moldenke, Phytologla 28: I96, 206, 
215, & 257. 197U. 

Additional illustrationa: Erdtoan, Pollen Morph. & PI. Tax., 
ed. 1, Uli9, fif. 29^ A (1952) and ed. 2, hh9 , Tig. 256 A. 1966j 
Delorit, Illuatr. Tax. Han. Weed Seeds 97 (in color). 1970; Wil- 
kinson & Jaques, How to Know Weeds, ed. 2, 123, Tig. 296. 1972 j 
Loinmasson, Nebr. Wild Fls . pi. 17U (in color). 1973; Rickett, Wild 
Fls. U. S. 6 (3): [5U3], pl. 195 (In color). 1973. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in sandy soil 
of Populus-Salii ccoanunities . Dress f oiind it abundant in dry 
grated pastures in Nebraska. Musselman and his associates (1971) 
refer to it as "common" on dry prairies and in fields and pastures 
in Rock County, Wisconsin. The Engelmann s.n. , cited below, con- 
sists only of floral dissections mounted so as to be compared with 
those of related species and hybrids. 

Additional vernacular names recorded for V« stricta are 
'*aul] 1 en-leaved vervain" [sicl], "verveine fascicul4e", and "wooly 
vei-vain" [sicl]. The corollas on Dress 9009 are said to have been 
"bright violet-blue" when freshj Bailey describes them as "purple". 

Delorit (1970) describes the seeds of this plant as "Oblong in 
outline; about the same width throughout. Dorsal side convex, its 
margins winged downward; ventral side granular, two-faced forming 
a longitudinal ridge where they Join. Both ends of the seed usu- 
ally bluntly rounded. Dorsal side usxxally with five and occasion- 
ally six longitudinal ribs which run. part way or the entire length 
of the seed and are Joined by transverse ribs in the upper one- 
fourth to one-third of the seed. The central veins usually are 
Joined by transverse ribs only in the upper one-fourth of the 
seed. UsTially about the same width throughout the seed. Seed 
scar oval, oblique, wtiite. Reddxsh-brown . 2.ii — 3.1 mm long, 0.6— 
0.8 mm wide." 

Kartin, Zim, & Nelson (1951) report that the seeds of this spe- 
cies are eaten by such birds as the stUt sandpiper, lark bunting, 
cardinal grosbeak, Junco, and the field, song, swamp, tree, and 
white-crowned sparrows and the entire plant is eaten by cottontail 
rabbits . 

Wilkinson & Jaques (1972) describe the species as "CoiODon in 
p>astures and fields", flowering from June to September. Bilerc 
(1971) found it camnon in sandy open areas in Iowa and records it 
fran Benton, Biackhairtc, Brener, Gerro Goixlo, Chickasaw, Delaware, 
Fayette, Floyd, Grundy, Hardin, Johnson, Lirm, Mitchell, and Win- 
neshiek Cotinties in that state. Crum (1972) says that it is fre- 
quent on moist to dry prairies in Blackhawk Cotinty, Iowa, flcwer- 
ing there in June. Fell (1955) avers that it is a "common road- 
side weed [in Winnebago County, Illinois]", sometimes growing with 
the white- or the roseate- flowered forms. Blewitt (1926) records 
it from roadsides in New Haven County, Connecticut, but says that 
it is "Rare" there and "Adventive from the West", blooming there in 
July and August. Wherry (1971) records it as introduced in Montgom- 
ery County, Pennsylvania, while Twining (191?) found it in Luzerne 



390 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no, U 

Coxinty. Evers (1955) found it on forty-two, or 80.6 percent, of 
the hill prairies of Illinois. It occurs in only 2.1 percent of 
the relict prairie sites in southwestern Michigan. 

Oertel (1939) lists V^ stricta as a honey and pollen plant in 
Iowa, killer (1973) reports the isolation of verbena! in, the 
glucoside of verbenalol, in this species. Paxton (18^0) regarded 
it as 'hrorthlesa" from a horticultural standpoint. 

The J^ Gunderson 26U, distributed as V^ stricta , is actually 
xV. engelmannii Moldenke, while Thibaxilt Ui is xV. rydbergii Mol- 
denke. 

Additional citations: OHTARIO; Frontenac Co.: Garwood & Gavitz 
2505 (Bl— 261i285) . NHff YOPJ(: Ontario Co.: Eaton s.n. [Sep. 26, 
1923] (Ba). OHIO: Hamilton Co.: E. L. Braun s.n. [VII -25-05] (W- 
2712377). IOWA: Dickinson Co.: Shlmek s.n. [Aug. 8, 1916] (Bl— 
106U79) . Harrison Go.: L. Kellogg ITj^ (Ba) . Story Co.: Beach 78 
(Ba)j Hainer s.n. [July 138U] (Ba); F, C. Stewart s.n. [July 21, 
1892] (Ba). KENTUCKY: Trigg Co.: E. L. Braun Ul3U (ifl— 2667620) . 
MINNESOTA: Traverse Co.: Moore & Moore 10U78 (N) . SOUTH DAKOTA: 
Lawrence Co.: G. N. Jones 35989 (B1--191279) . KANSAS: Brown Co.: 
Horr hhQ2 (Bl~9l5li8). Osage Co.: Horr E.33 (Bl— 55961) . Wash- 
ington Co.: Horr hSS2 (Bl — 911i;8) . Woodson Co.: Lathrop 13U6b 
(Bl — 113325). MISSOURI: County undetermined: Engelaann s.n. 
[Herb. Hance 5221] (Pd) . Saint Louis City: Engelaann s.n. (S — 
117332) . ARKANSAS: County \mdet5rmined: F. L. Harvey s.n. [Cui^ 
tiss 1958] (Mi). COLORADO: Baca Co.: Weber & Anderson 5201; (Bl— 
56886) . Boulder Co.: W. A. Weber 5270 (Bl— ^7209). Denver Co.: 
Smith s.n. [Aug. 1871] (Bl— 101017). Kit Carson Co.: Ownbey I363 
(Bl~U2lIl0) . Las Animas Co.: C. M. Rogers 1^967 (Bl~55578), 307S 
(Bl~55576), 6956 (Bl— 56Ui2). Sedgwick Co.: W, A. Weber 6395 
(Bl— 29121). Yuma Co.: Ewan 12917 (Bl— 53675); MasUn U271 (Bl— 
21200). NEBRASKA: Merrick Co.: Dress 9009 (Ba) . TEXAS: Hemphill 
Co.: L. C. Higgins 769I (N) . Wheeler Co.: L. C. Higgins li537 (Mi). 

VERBENA STRICTA f . ALBIFLORA Wadmond 

Additional synonyii^y: Verbena stricta f . albiflora J. B. McFarlin 
apud Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot, Jahresber. 60 (2): 575, sphalja. 
19U1. 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19laj Fell, Fl. Winnebago Co. 122. 1955; Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 2U: 225 (1972) and 25: 2hh. 1973. 

Fell (1955), in his flora of Winnebago County, Illinois, says 
"On a high prairie road north of 111. Rt. No. 70 near Meridian 

road we found the white fonn covering considerable areas to 

the exclusion of the purple form." Wallis reports that where he 
collected this form there were about 25 percent white-flowered 
plants and 75 percent deep-purple-flowered ones. 

Additional citations: KANSAS: Washington Co.: Horr 1^622 (Bl — 
91572). OKLAHOMA: Cherokee Co.: Wallis 3395 (Bl-^oHI^S^ 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 391 

VSRBENA STRICTA f . ROSEIFLORA Benke 

Additional blbliograohy: Fedde 4 Schuat. in Juat, Bot, Jahres- 

ber. 60 (2): 575. IpUlj Fell, Fl. rtinnebago Co. 122. 195$; Molden- 
ke, Phytologia 21- 225. 1972. 

Fell (1955) reports that this color fora is "very uncoamon on 
Camp Grant prairies" in Winnebago County, Illinois, 

Additional citations: KANSAS: Jewell Co.: Horr U77U (Bl— 91131). 

VERBENA STRIG03A Cham. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Angely, Fl. Anal. & Fito- 
geogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, 2^: tJUO & xix, map 1395. I971j lioldenl:e, 
Phytologia 2U: 225—226. 1972. 

The Angely (1971) reference in the bibliography above iras previ- 
ously erroneously cited by me as "1970", the title-page date, but 
the volume involved iras not actually issued until 1971. 

xVERBENA STUPRDSA L'oldenke, Phytologia 28: U03--]iOU. 197li. 

Bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 28: U03--IiOU. 197li. 

Citations: ARKANSAS: Clay Co.: Eggers s.n. L Coming, 21 August 
1896] (E— 118279— type) . 

VERBENA SULPHUR2A D. Don 

Additional synoncrn^r: Verbena kUfferi Hort., in herb. Verbena 
aulforu-lilacina Hort., in herb. 

Additional bibliography: Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 
(13U0) and ed, 2, 328, 18U9| Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: 226—227 
(1972) and 25: 23ii. 1973. 

Morrison describes this plant as a "bush 0,1—0,2 b. tall, 
flowers yellow, anthers chocolate-brown" and states that it is 
"not common" on low hills, in sandy soil just back from the oceaji, 
flowering in December. This reads like a good description of the 
locality where mj wife and I found this species on our visit to 
Valparaiso in 19^8. Gay (I81i9) notes that this "Planta algo 
comun en las provincias centrales y del norte. Valparaiso, Quin- 
tero, Coquimbo, etc." in Chile. Paxton (13U0) asserts that it 
was introduced into cultivation in England in 1332, 

Additional citations: CHILE: Coquimbo: Zollner 6031 (Ac). Val- 
paraiso: Collector undetermined 3«n, (Pd)j Morrison 168U6 (Ba), 
LOCALITY OF COLLECTION UNDETERMINED: Herb. Missouri Bot. Gard, 
1180U9 (E). 

VERBENA SUPINA L. 

Additional synonyinrJ Verbenaca svpina sive foemina Fucha, Hist. 
Plant, Basil. 593. 15^2. 

Additional &. emended bibliography: Fuchs, Hist, Plant. Basil, 
591 & 593. l5U2j Raeusch., Nom. Bot., ed, 3, 3. 1797; Desf., Tabl. 
^col. Bot,, ed. 1, 55 (IBOli) and ed, 2, 66. I3l5j Paxt., Pock, Bot. 
Diet., ed. 1, 328 (13U0) and ed, 2, 328, 18U9; Plin, Sec, [transl. 
Bostock & Riley], Nat. Hist. 1—6. 1855; Le Grand, Fl. Anal, Berry 
72, 1887; Marcellus anpiricus [ed, Helmreich], Marcel, Medicament. 
1889; J. G. Baker in Thiselt.-^yer, Fl, Trop. ifr, 5: 286. 1900 j 



392 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

J. M. Black, Fl. South Austr. 3: U73, fig. 199. 1926; M. Woodward, 
Leaves Gerard's Herb., pr. 1, 231. 1931; Wangerin in Just, Bot. 
Jahresber. 5U (1): 1170 [366] (1932) and 52 (1): U32 [Hi;]. 1933; 
Fedde in Just, Bot. Jahresber. 52 (1): 82^. 193U; Petzak & Rech., 
Fl. Iran. U3: 1 — 3. 196?; M. Woodtrard, Leaves Gerard's Herb., pr. 
2, 231. 1969} Willaman & Li, Uoydia 33, Suppl. 3a: 220. 1970; 
Hartwell, Lloydia 3U: 387. 1971; Polunin, Pflanz. Europ. 277 & 
539. 1971; Amaral Franco in Tutin & al., Fl. Eur. 3: 123- 1972; 
Farnsworth, Phanaacog. Titles 7 (1;): xxv & 222. 1972; Kunkel, 
Monog. Biol. Canar. 3: 62. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2h: 228— 
231. 1972; R, R. Stewart in Nasir & All, Fl. West Pakist. 608. 
1972; Tutin in Tutin S: al., Fl. Eur. 3: 369. 1972. 

Additional illustrations: Fuchs, Hist. Plant. Basil. 593 (in 
color). 15U2; K. Woodward, Leaves Gerard's Herb,, pr. 1, 231 [as 
"V. officinalis "] . 1931; J. M. Black, Fl. South Austr. 3: fig. 
199, 1926; M. woodward. Leaves Gerard's Herb., pr. 2, 231 [as "V. 
officinalis"]. I969. 

Polunin (1971) notes that this species is similar to V. offic- 
inalis L. "aber Stengel niederliegend, reich verzweigt [which is 
true also of V. officinalis var, prostrata Gren. & Godr.]. 
B[ latter] 2fach fiederteilig mit ovalen Abschnitten. Krone hel- 
lila, ktirzer, 3 mm." and gives its distribution as "Sudeuropa" . 
Petzat & Rechinger (1967) also describe it as "decumbens" in 
their kej, but in their formal diagnosis say "Annua, 20 — kO cm 
alta, hispidula, canescens, ramis ascendentibus vel decumbenti- 
bus". Raeuschel (1797) also describes it as an annual plant, 
giving "Hispan." as the distribution of V^ supina and "Arabia" 
for what he calls V. procumbens . 

Additional conunon names for this plant recorded by Hartwell 
(1971) are "herba verbena", "hierabotane" , "peris tereon", 
"verbenaca", and "vervain". These names, however, are more usiial- 
ly regarded as applying to V. officinalis L., so it is a matter of 
doubt whether the medicinal uses which he also records may not ac- 
tually apply instead to that species rather than to this one. At 
all events, Hartwell recoi^is the following medicinal uses for V. 
supina ; with wine in the treatment of corns on the feet, as a 3e- 
coction in vinegar for "Indurations and gatherings; callosities", 
as a plaster for parotid tumors, and the juice in a cerate also 
for parotid tumors. Paxton (I8u0) assures us that fron a horti- 
cultural standpoint the species is "worthless" . 

The Sennen & Mauricio 7656, distributed as V. supina and prev- 
iously so cited by me, seems better placed as f . erecta Moldenke, 
as are also Faure s.n. [5 Mai I9II] and G, Tackholm s.n. [28/1/ 
1927] and s.n. [li/U/1927], while P. HartmamTs.n. [3-V-1911] is 
V. officinalis L. 

Additional citations: PORTUGAL: Rainha 2)jl9 [Herb. Stat. Agron. 
Nat. Port. 39523] (Ba). HUNGARY: Borbis 93U (Ba); Heuffel s.n. 
(Pd). lEYPT: Acerfai s.n. (Pd); Boulos s.n. [3/9/1952] (Gz)j Bou- 
lo3 Tanadros s.n. [12 Sept. 1962] (Gz); Chrtek & Kosinova s.n. 



15»7U lloldenka, Motes on Verbena 393 

[19/6/1971] (Gz); Collector undeterroined s.n, (Gz); Hadldl s.n. 
[5/1/1952] (Gx); Hadldl , Koainova, & Chrtek s.n. [22.U.1967] 
(Gz); Halwagi s.n. [Spring 1961] (Gx); E. H artmann s-n. [29/5/ 
1907] (Gz, Gz); Imam & Ayyad s.n. [26/1*71957] (Gz); Imam, Ibra- 
him , Mahdi, ^ Sisi s.n. [29/9A971] (Gz); G. Kaire U32 [Aacher- 
son & Schweinfurth 310] (Gz, Gz, Gz); Runkerwitz s.n. [15/3A933] 
(Gz), s^n. [26/3/1933] (Gz); E^ S^ swu [Jan. 297^^0] (Gz)j 
Salem s.n. [17/U/1367] (Gz) ; G. Tackholm s.n. [23/1/1927] (Gx, 
Gz), s^n. [25/2/1927] (Gz), Sju. [6/3/1927] (Gz), s^n. [26/3/ 
1927] (Gz); V^ Tackholm s.n. [12/5/1962] (Gx, Gz, Gz, Gz); Tack- 
holm , Boulos, Glrgis , Zahran , & Elsayed s.n. [23/5/1963] (Gz, 
Gz, Gz, Gz), s.n. [2U/5/196U] (Gz); Tackholm & Kassas 277 (Gz) . 
SUIAN: Khartum: Kotschy 9326 (Pd) . Kordofan: Pfund UA (Gz, 
Gz), \M [119] (Gz, Gz, Gz, Gz, Gz, Gz, Gz, GzTi ISRAEL: Meyers 
& Dins more B.203 (Gz, Gz) . 

VERBENA SUPINA f . EREGTA Moldenke 

Additional bibliograiDhy: Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: 230 & 231. 
1972. 

The Sennan & L'auricio collection cited below was .reviously 
cited by me as typicsil V. supina L., but seems better placed in 
f. erecta . Its printed"Tabel reads "Plantas d'Espagne", but the 
specimen was actually collected in Morocco. The Constabla col- 
lection, also cited below, is described as having been "9 — 12 
inches tall, of erect growth" and was actually first identified 
by the collector as V. officinalis L. It obviously represents 
f . erecta and shows again how different the aspect of this plant 
is from that of typical Vj, supina . Constable found it growing 
in sandy loam soil . 

Additional citations: HUNGArfl: Kovics ii60 (Pd) . MOROCCO 1 Sen- 
no n & Mauricio 7657 (Ba) . ALGERIA: Faure s.n. [5 Mai 1911] (Gz) . 
LIBYA: Boulos 2UlU (Gz). EGYPT: Rom6e & Hadidi s.n. [17.1.1968] 
(Gz); G. TSickhola s.n. [28/1/1927] (Gx, Gz, Gz), s.n. [U/UA927] 
(Gz); v. Tackholm s.n. [Spring 19U9] (Gz), s.n. [2/U/1961] (Gz), 
s.n. [Merseh Matruh] (Gz); Tackholm & al. s.n. [l/U/1972] (Ga). 
AUSTRALIA: New South Wales: Constable 5199 (Ba). 

VFREENA TAMPENSIS Nash 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
b«r. 60 (2): 573. 19U1; Solbrig in Heywood, Mod. Meth. PI. Tax. 
88 & 89. 1963; Moldenlte, Phytologia 2li: 231 (1972), 26: 377 
(1973), and 26: 200. 19 7U. 

The specimen depicted in the photograph of S, M. Tracy 6650 in 
the herbarium of the L, H. Bailey Hortorium, cited below, is de- 
posited in the Britton Herbarium at the New York Botanical Garden. 
Solbrig (1968) speaks of an unnamed hybrid between this species 
and v. canadens is (L.) Britton. This is a hybrid which possibly 
occurs frequently in the wild since the ranges of the two species 



39h PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

overlap in Florida. The herbariun vouchers for the artificially 
produced hybrid should be carefully studied and compared with 
herbariun material now annotated as the one parent or the other in 
various herbaria. It is possible that some of these specimens 
represent the hybrid. 

Additional citations: FLORIDA: Lee Co.: £. £. Small s.n. [Punta 
Rassa, May 1928] (Ba) . Manatee Co.: S. M. Tracy 66gO (Ba—photo) . 

xVERBENA TEASII Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2li: 232 (1932) 
and 28: 208 & 209. 197li. 

Amoldo-Eroeders describes this plant as "creeping" and its 
flowers as "dark-purple". He collected it in anthesis in November 
and mis identified it as V, tenera Spreng. 

Addild-onal citations :"^ULTlVA^ED : Curacao: Amoldo-Eroeders 
3599 (Ba), 36U2 (Ba) . 

VERBEN4 TENERA Spreng. 

Additional synonymy: Schuttleworthla tenera Meissn. ex Gibert, 
Enum. ?1. Kontevid. ii3. 1873. Verbena terna Spreng., in herb. 

Additional & emended bibliography: C. Gay, Hist, Fis. Chile 
Bot. 5: 8. I81i9} Gibert, Enum. PI. Montevid. U3. I873i R. 0. Wil- 
liams, Useful & Ornament, PI. Zanzib. U82, 19h9i R. C, Foster, 
Contrib, Gray Herb. l81i: 171. 1958; R. Bailey, Good Housekeep 111. 
Encycl. Card. 1$: 2303. 1972} Moldenke, Phytologia 21;: 232~23U, 
236—239, & 253 (1972) and 28: 2li7. 197U. 

Burkill (1966), speaking of the economic plants of tho Msilay 
Peninsula, says "V. tener a, Spreng., of the Argentine can be grown 
more freely, as it is possible to propagate it by cuttings", Hep- 
per (1963) says "V, tenera Spreng., a native of S, America, has 
been introduced into Nigeria (Obubra Dist., FHI U396 U) i a creeping 
herb with verj' dissected leaves and white or violet flowers." I 
believe that both authors are speaking of V^ t enuisecta Briq. 
rather than the true V, tenera . Similarly, Williams (19li9) speaks 
of V, tenera as cultivated on Zanzibar and Pemba islands, describ- 
ing the plant as having small flower-heads, finely divided leaves, 
and deep-mauve corollas with a white eye. Protably he is also 
talking about V. tenuisecta . Bailey (1972) describes V. tenera as 
"A shrubby plant with purple flowers in long spikes . Native to 
southern Brazil." Certainly the plant is not shrubby, so it is 
not clear to what species Bailey is referring. 

G^ (181;9) says of the genus Verbena : "En Chile son muy comunes, 
pero es sin duda por equivocacion que se le ha mencionado la Verb, 
tenera de 3pr," I have not seen any material of it from Chile. 

The Sellow specimen depicted in the Bailey Hortorium photograph 
cited below is deposited in the herbarium of the Royal Botanic 
Gardens at Kew. 

The Moldenke , Moldenke , &. Jayasuriya 28150 , distributed as V, 
tenera , is actually V. monacensis Moldenke, while Amoldo-E roedera 
3599 & 36U2 are xV. teasii Moldenke and Hassib s.n. [22/V/19U1J ia 



19 7U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 395 

V, tenulsecta Briq. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: State undetenained : SellOTr s.n. 
[Brasilia] (Ba~photo). LOCALITY OF COLLECTION UNDETERiflKED: 
Maldonado s.n. (Pd) . 

VERBEIIA TENERA var. ALBII-'LORA Kuntze 

Additional biblioKraphcy: Hepper in Hutchinson & Dalz., Fl. ff. 
Trop. Afr., ed. 2, 2: U3l*. 1?63; toldenke, Phytologla 2ii: 23li. 
1972. 

The white-flowered "V, tenera " of Hepper (1963) is more prob- 
ably V, tenuisecta var. alba Loldenke. 

VERBENA TENERA var. liAONETTI Regel 

Additional bibliography: R. Bailey, Good Housekeep. HI. En- 
cycl. Card. 15: 2303. 1972j Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 23U. 1972. 

VHiBENA TENUISECTA Briq. 

Additional bibliography; Fedde & Schust, in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 573. 19Ul} R. 0. Williams, Useful ^ Ornament. PI. 
Zanzib. kQ2. 19U9j Kearney, List Citations Place Publ. Spp. Ariz. 
Fl. 112 [thesis]. 1951; R. C. Foster, Contrib. Gray Herb. l8ii: 
171. 1958; Nair & Rehman, Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. Lucknow 76: 3—5, 
text fig. 5. 1962; Burkill, Diet. Econ. Prod. Malay Penins . 2: 
2266. 1966; Drar, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 3j HI. 1970; Beadle, 
Evans, Carolin, & Tindale, Fl. Sydney Reg., ed. 2, 507. 1972; C, 
A. Br., Wildfls. U. 156 & 2U6. 1972; G. W. Park, Parks Flow. 
Book 1973: 86. 1972; Venter Joum. S. Afr. Bot. 38: 231. 1972; 
Moldenke Phytologia 2h: 2l8, 219, 232— 2iil, i 253 (1972), 25: 
228 & 23U (1973), and 28: 112, 113, 116, 206, & 216. 197U. 

Additional illustrations: Nair & Rehman, Bull. Nat. Bot. Gard. 
Lucknow 76: 3, text fig. 5 [as "V. pinnatif ida " ] . 1962; C. A. 
Br., Wildfls. La. 156 (in color). 1972; G. W. Park, Paries Flow. 
Book 1973: 86 [as "V_. Bipinnatif ida " ] (in color). 1972. 

It seems most probable that the "V. tenera " of (^illiaias (19U9) 
cultivated on Pemba and Zanzibar islands, the " V, tenera " and 
"V. erinoides " of BtU"kill (I966), the "V. bipinnatif ida " of Drar 
(1970), the "V. Bipinnatifida " of Park, (1972), the "V. tergra " 
of Hepper (I963), and the "V. pinnatifida " of Nair & Rehman 
(I962) are all actuaLlly V. tenviisecta , a species far more wide- 
spread in cultivation and escaped from cultivation than the spe- 
cies named by these authors. Park (1972) describes his plant as 
"A showy 15 in. everbloaning perennial in lavender-blue with 
lovely fem-llke foliage". Beadle and his associates (1972) de- 
scribe it as a "Prostrate and ascending annual less than 50 cm 
high. Introd. fr^m S. Amer.", the "Upper and lower leaves ca. 2 
cm long, all deeply divided and subdivided." Venter (1972) re- 
fers to it as &n "Herb of disturbed places", with purple flowers, 
blooming from September to February in South Africa. 

The specimen depicted in the Bailey Hortorium photograph cited 
below of Moi-ong 219 is deposited in the herbarium of the United 



396 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. h 

States Department of Agriciiiture, while that of JOrgensen 21^65 i» 
in the United States National Herbarium at Washington. 

Recent collectors describe this plant as 8 inches tall (Col- 
lins), in erect clianps 9 inches tall (Bayliss), or 12 inches tall 
(McClintock) , and have found it growing on rocky campos, dry 
roadsides, sandy roadfills, in stream bottoms, and very sandy 
soil in full exposure to the sun, while Lindeman & Haas refer to 
is as "gregarious on campos". 

The corollas are said to have been "purple" on Abedin 26U3, 
Bayliss BS.5318 , DeWolf I38U , Dress , Moore , & Lawrence 63 3, Mc 
Clintock s.n. [June 26, I96I] , H. E. Moore 823 , Nafday 112 , and 
Qaiser & Ghafoor U89I, "purple with a minute white eye" on Lun - 
dell & Lundell 1106^ , "magenta-purple" on Shinners ll;0_ 12 , 
"purplish-blue" on Lindeman & Haas 1021 , "lavender" on I^ Collins 
s.n. [July 29, 19la], "violet" on Dress 1561 , Hatschbach 30817 , 
Hatschbach & GuimarSes 18 368 , and Krapovickas , Crist6bal , & Quar - 
In 22778 , "dark-purple" on Abedin 7392, "pinkish-purple" on Abe- 
din 7327, and "violet-blue" on I. W^ de Silva 722. The short, 
irtiite, strigose hairs on the calyx are very sparse in Hatschbach 
& Guimarges I8368 and it is very possible that two races or forms 
are represented in the material cited, 

Material of V. tenuisecta has been misidentified and distribu- 
ted in some herbaria as "V. bonariense L." or "V. terna Spreng." 
Knauz s.n. [7/2/lil] is a mixture with V_. bipinnatifida Nutt. 

Additional citations: NORTH CAROLINA: Columbus Co.: Bell 11313 
(Bl~l50282)i Moldenke & Moldenke 27037 (Ba) . SOUTH CAROLINA: 
Lee Co.; Moldenke & Moldenke 27017 (Ld) . GEORGIA: Baker Co.: Mol - 
denke & Moldenke 26890 (Ld) . Bleckley Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 
26932 (Ac). Calhoun Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 2690g (Ba, Ps— 132li) . 
Columbia Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26991; (Ac). Dougherty Co.: Mol- - 
denke & Moldenke 26907 Tac), 26912 (Ld) . Early Co.: Moldenke & 
Moldenke 26882 (Ac) . Liberty Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26U05 (Ld) . 
Lowndes Co.: DeWolf 1381; (Ba) , Mcintosh Co.; Moldenke & Moldenke 
26101; (Ac) . Pulaski Co.; Moldenke & Moldenke 26927 (Ba) . Taylor 
Co.: Dress , Moore , & Lawrence 633 (Ba, Bl — 2^3600) . Turner Co.; 
Moldenke & Moldenke"269l5 (Ac) . Ware Co.; P. 0. Schallert 251 
(Ba) . Warren Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 2698U (Ba) . Wilcox Co.: 
Moldenke & Moldenke~26921a (Id). Wilkinson Co.: Moldenke & Mol- 
denke 26939 (Ld) . Worth Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26911; (Ba) . 
FLORIDA: Bay Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26675 (Ld), 2669O (Ba), 
26701; (Ac). Duval Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26U37 (Ba) . Escambia 
Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26 7U. (Ld) . Holmes Co.: Moldenke & Mol - 
denke 26725 (Ac) . Jackson Co.: Moldenke L Moldenke 26717 (Ld) . 
Lafayette Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26580 (BajTi Lake Co.: Moldenke 
& Moldenke 26U96 (Ws) . Okaloosa Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26738 
(Ba). Orange Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26U97 (Ac). Polk Co.: Co- 



197U Moldenke, Notes on Verbena 397 

nard e.n. [Mar. 23, 1961] (ba) . Santa Rosa Co.: Moldenke & Mol - 
denke 267ltn (Ac) . Taylor Co.: Moldenke £c l^oldenke 26587 (Ld) . 
Wakulla Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26607 (Ac) . Walton Co.: Molden- 
ke & Moldenke 26732 (Ld) . Washington Co.: VolJenke k Moldenke 
2672)4 (Ba), 267Ui (Ba). ALA.B4MA: Baldwin Co.: Moldenke ^ Molden- 
ke 267I49 (Ac). Earbour Co.: Moldenke 2c Moldenke 26370 (Ba) , 
26871 (Ac). Butier Co.: Moldenke ^ Moldent'.e 2636$ (Ba) , Choctaw 
Co.: Moldenke ^ Moldenlie 263^0 (Ac, Ld) . Crenshaw Co.: Moldenke 
& Moldenke 2 'S366 (Ac). Henry Co.: Moldenke L Moldenke 26872 (Ld) . 
Houston Co.: Moldenke i Moldenke 26877 (Ba) . Pike Co.: Moldenke k 
Moldenke 26867 (Ld) . MISSISSIPPI: Forrest Co.: Moldenke 5c Molden - 
ke 26322 (Ld) . Lamar Co.: Moldenke ^ Moldenke 26820 (Ac) . Marion 
Co.: Moldenke ^ Moldenke 26817 (Ba) . Pearl River Co.: Moldenke k 
Moldenke 26799 (Ba); F. H. Sargent 3g70 (Bl~208272) . Perry Co.: 
Moldenke i Moldenke 26327 (Ba) . Stone Co.: Moldenke i Moldenlce 
26731; (Ld) . Walthall Co.: Moldenke k Moldenke 26812 (Ld) . Wayne 
Co.: Moldenke k Moldenke 268U0 (Ac). LOUISIANA.: Orleans Par.: 
Knauz s.n. [7/2/Ul] (E— 1302083) . Washington Par.: Moldenke & 
Moldenke 2680$ (Ac). TEXAS: Angelina Co.: Lundell & Lundell 
1106$ (Mi). Hardin Co.: Cory $2723 (Bl— 90688). Smith Co.: H. E. 
Moore 323 (Ba) . Upshur Co.: Shinners m012 (Ba). ARIZONA: Plaa 
Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 279$!; (Ld) . BPwAZIL: Parani: Hatschbach 
308I7 (Ld)j Hatschbach & Gulmarges I8368 (Ac)j Lindeman & Haas 
1021 (N) . Rio Grande do Siil: Krapovlckas, Cristobal , & Quar£n 
22778 (Ld). PARAGUAY: Hassler 26$0 (Ba— photo), 12101 (Ba— photo) j 
Morong 219 (Ba — photo, Ba — photo). ARGENTINA: Chaco: JUrgensen 
2li6$ (Ba— photo). Entre Rlos: Ruiz Huidobro 3$38 (Bl— 10$0l;2) . 
Santa F6: Ruiz Huidobro 33$9 (Bl— 10$0U3) . EGYPT: Hellendoom 



s.n. [18/7/196$] (Gz, Gz) . SOUTH AFRICA: Cape Province: Bayliss 
BS.$313 (N). PAKISTAN: Lahore: Abedin 261i3 (Kh, Kh) . Northwest 
Frontier: Abedin 7327 (Kh), 7392 (Kh) . Sind: Qaiser & Ghafoor 
U89I (Kh). CULTIVATED: California: McClintock s.n. [June 26, 
1961] (Ba) , Ceylon: Y_. W. de Silva 722 (?d) . Egypt: Boulos s.n. 
[July 19$2] (Gz)j Hassib s.n. [7/3/1929] (Gz, Gz), s.n. [22/I4/ 
19hX] (Gz, Gz)j Herb. Univ. Kahir. s.n. (Gz, Gz)j Sisi s.n. [30/ 
$/l973] (Gz); G. Tackholm s.n. [October 192$] (Gz); V. Tackholjn 
s.n. [2/n/19$9] (Gz). India: Nafday 112 (Ba) . New Jersey: 1_. 
Collins s.n. [July 29, I9UI] (Ba) . New York: Dress l$6l (Ba). 
Sudan: Drar & Mahdi 2$2$ (Gz) . Venezuela: Rulz-Teran & L6pez - 
Palacios 6201 (N) . 

VERBENA TENUISECTA var. ALBA Moldenke 

Additional bibliography: Hepper in Hutchinson k Dalz., Fl. W. 
Trop. Afr., ed. 2, 2: li3U. 1963} Moldenke, Phytoiogia 21;: 2U0 
(1972) and 28: 113. 197U. 



398 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing on rocky cam- . 
po3, in sandy clay roadsides, on road shoulders, and, according to 
DeWolf, "occasional" in acid bogs along roadsides. Collins de- 
scribes it as growing 3 inches tall. In addition to the months 
previously reported by me, it has been collected in flower in Sep>- 
teaber and in fruit in May. Pancho asserts that it is "commonly 
cultivated in most Philippine Islands gardens". Hatschbach &. 
GuimarSes refer to it as a "rare fonn". The white-flowered "V. 
tenera " of Hepper (196?) is most probably V^ tenuisecta var. alba . 

Material has been misidentified and distributed in some herbar- 
ia under the designation Glandularia pulchella (Sweet) Troncoso, 

Additional citations : GEORGIA : Baker Go . : Moldenke & Moldenke 
26892 (Ba). Bleckley Co.: Moldenke & Moldenk7~26933 (Ld) . Cal- 
houn Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26906 Tac, Ps— 1325) . Early Co.: 
Moldenke & Moldenke 2688U (Ld) . Lowndes Co.: Defffolf 1385 (Ba) . 
FL(HinA: Okaloosa Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26739 (Ba) . Wakulla 
Co.: Moldenke & Moldenke 26608 (Ac) . Walton Co.: Moldenke & Mol- 
denke 26733 (^J^), 26735 (Ld) . ALABAMA: Henry Co.: Moldenke & Mol- 
denke 26873 (Ac, Ld) . LOUISIANA: Lincoln Par.: Shinners 199914. 
(Ba) . BRAZIL: Paranl: Hatschbach & Guimarges 1986U (Gz) . ARGEN- 
TINA: Corrientes: Krapovickas & Crist6bal 15588 (Ws). CULTIVATED: 
New Jersey: I. Collins s.n. [July 29, 19la] (Ba) . Philippine Is- 
lands: Pancho 1062 (Ba). 

VERBENA TEUCRIIFOUA Mart. & Gal. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Schau., Linnaea 20: U77— 
!i78. l8U7j Schau. in A. DC,, Prodr., pr. 1, 11: 553 & 555. l8U7j 
Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot, Jahresber. 60 (2): 575. 19Ul; Schau. 
in A. DC., Prodr., pr. 2, 11: 553 & 555. 1966j Sanchez Sanchez, 
Fl. Val. Mez., ed. 1, 329, fig. 263-D. 1969; Moldenke, Phytologia 
2U: 2U~2U2. 1972. 

Additional illustrations: Sanchez Sanchez, Fl. Val. Mex., ed, 1, 
fig. 263-D. 1969. 

Recent collectors have found this plant growing in colonies in 
woodlands of Pinus cooperi , Quercus virginiana var. f usif onais , and 
Arctostapbylos pungens . Sanchez Sanchez (I969) encountered it on 
the pedregal in the Valley of Mexico. The corollas are described 
as having been "pale-blue" on Hinton & al, 17320 and "dark-purple" 
on Rzedowski & McVaugh 619 . 

The Genelle & Fleming 82li and Long & Burch 3321 , distributed as 
V. teucriifolia , are actually V, ciliata Benth. 

Additional citations: MEHCO: Durango: Detllng 8U25 (W— 2669327). 
Mexico: Lundell & LundeU 12370 (Mi) . MichoacAn: Rzedowski & Mc 
Vaugh 619 (Mi). Nuevo Le6n: Hinton & al. 17320 (MlJI 

VERBENA TEUCRIIFOLIA var. COROLLULATA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just, Bot. Jahres- 
ber. 60 (2): 575. 19la; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 2U2. 1972. 



197U L'oldenke, Notes on Verbena 399 

Uoore describes this plant as "trailing, dense cover with fib- 
rous roots" and foimd it flowering in September. The corollas on 
H. E. Moore 22 are said to have been •Magenta" in color when 

fresh . 

Additional citations: MEXICO: Puebla: H. E. tloore 22 (Ba) . 

VEKBEN4 THIMOIDES Cham. 

Additional & emended bibliography: Aagely, Fl. Anal. & Fito- 
geogr. S. Paulo, ed. 1, U: 8U0 & xix, map 1395- 1971; Moldenke, 
Phytologia 2h: 2U2. 1972. 

The Angely (1971) wortc cited above was preTio\isl7 orronoously 
cited by me as "1970", the title-page date, but the volume invol- 
ved was not actually published until 1971. 

Additional citations: BRAZIL: State undetermined: Sellow s.n. 
[Brasilia] (Ba — cotype) . 

VERBE3iA TOMOPHYLU Briq. 

Additional bibliography: Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 2U3. 1972. 

Additional citations: ARGElfi'INA: Formosa: Jorgensen 2636 (E— 
866U06) . 

VliRSENA TRIFIDA H.B.K. 

Additional bibliography: Part., Pock, Bot, Diet,, ed, 1, 328. 
l3U0i Schau., Linnaea 20: [U76] . I31i7i t'ait,. Pock. Bot, Diet., 
ed. 2, 328. l8U9i Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 21^3—210;. 1972, 

Paxton (l8U0) asserts that this species was introduced into 
cultivation in England in 1313. Pring found it growing on savan^ 
nas, flowering in May, 

Additional citations: COLOMBIA: Cundinanarca: Pring 9U (E — 
90li950) . 

VERBEUA TUUIDULA Perry 

Additional bibliography: Fedde & Schust. in Just. Bot. Jahrea- 
ber, 60 (2): 575. 19Uli Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 2UU. 1?72, 

VERBENA URTICIFOUA L. 

Additional synonymy: Verbena vir^inica L,, Philos, Bot, 99. 
1751 . Verbena urticifolia C floribus albis Willd . , Enum . PI . 
Hort. Berol. 2: 63U. 1309. Verbena urticaefoliun Clute, Am. Bot- 
anist 33: IIU, sphalm, 1927. Verbena riparia Small & Heller ex 
Dole. Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 22U, in syn. 1937 [not V, riparia Raf ,, 
1833] . ~ 

Additional & emended bibliography: L., Philos. Bot. 99. 175li 
Raeusch.. Nom. Bot., ed. 3, 3. 1797; Desf,, Tabl. &:ol. Bot,, ed, 
1, 5U. iSoU; Wind,, Enum. PI. Hort. Berol. 2: 63h, 1809; Deaf., 
Tabl. 5col. Bot,, ed. 2, 66. 1815; E. Ell., Sketch, pr. 1^2, 98— 
99 & 7li3. 1821; Bigel,, Florul. Boston,, ed. 1, 239. 1321^; J, 
Terr,, Compend. Fl. 238. 1326; Bigel., Florul. Boston., ed. 3, 25ii. 
I31i0; Paxt., Pock. Bot. Diet., ed. 1, 328 (iSliO) and ed. 2, 323. 
13U9; 0. R, Willis, Fl, Westchester Co, 801. 1880; J. L. Bennett, 
PI, Rhode Isl, 30. 1888; J. Jacks,, Fl, Worcester Co,, ed. 2, liO. 



UOO PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

I89U; Baerecke, Anal. Key Ferns & Flow. PI. Atl. Sect. Kiddl. 
Fla. nU. 1906; W. Stone, Rep. N. J. State Mus. 1910 (2): 660. 
I91I; Twining, Fl. Northeast. Penn. 60. 1917; Blewitt, Fl. Water- 
bury 105. 1926; Clute, Am. Botanist 33: Uh. 1927; Anon., Kew 
Bull. Misc. Inf. 1929, App. 3: 108. 1929; Fedde & Schust. in Just, 
Bot. Jahresber. S3 (l) '• 1076 [10^8]. 1932; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & 
Plains, pr. 1, 677 & 967. 1932; Dole, Fl. Vt., ed. 3, 22U. 1937; 
Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wildlife & PI., pr. 1, Ulli. 19^1: L. J. 
Bradley, Feriis Sc Flow. PI. Audub. Canter 17, 67, & 100. 1955; Fell, 
Fl. Winnebago Co. 122—123. 1955; C E. Phillips, Weeds Northeast 
3k & 80. 1956; R. McVaugh, N. I. State Hus. Bull. 3t)QA: 195, 196, 
358, 383, &: U32. 1958; H. H. litis. Prelim. Checklist Ferns Seed 
Fl. Upham Woods, ed. 1, 12. I960; Martin, Zim, & Nels., Am. Wild- 
life & PI., pr. 2, Ulii. I96I} Grieve, Modern Herb., pr. 2, 2: 832. 
1967; H, H. litis, Prelim. Checklist Ferns Seed PI. Upham Woods, 
ed. 2, 12. I96S; Stuckey & Wents, Ohio Joum. Sci. 69: 237. 1969; 
Delorit, Illust. Tax. Man. Weed Seeds 96 & 97. 1970; Eilers, Univ. 
Iowa Stud. Nat. Hist. 21: 61 & 123. 1971; S. Ell., Sketch, pr. 3, 
2: 98—99 & 7U3. I97I; Ellis, ijofford, & Chester, Castanea 36: 
2U2. I97I; Musselman, Cochrane, Rice, & Rice, Mich. Bot. 10: I8U. 
1971; Rydb., Fl. Prairies & Plains, pr. 2, 2: 677 & 967. 1971; 
Sipple, Bartonia Ul: 13, 21, & 27. 1971; H. V. Sm., Wildfl. Winter 
201. I97I; Stalleu, Linnaeus & Linn. [65] . 1971; Wherry, Bartonia 
lil: 79. I97I; Stalter, Castanea 36: 17li (1971) and 37: 225. 1972; 
Chuey, Ohio Joum. Sci. 72: 1^3. 1972; D. S. & H. B. Correll, Aqu- 
at. & Wetland PI. SW. U. S. 1396 & 1399. 1972; Hutton, Castanea 
37: 2li2. 1972; P. R. Pearson, Morris Arb. Bull. 23: Wi. 1972; 
Wilkinson & Jaques, How to Know Weeds, ed. 2. 121;. 207, & 231. 
fig. 297 & 298. 1972; Moldenke, Phytologia 2U: 2U;— 252 (1972) and 
25: 225 & 226. 1973; Cody, Ind. Sem. 1973: 26. 1973; Davidson, 
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 100: 50. 1973; Loramasson, Nebr. Wild Fls. 
86 & 18U. 1973; L. P. Mill., Phytochesn. 1: 329, 362, 393, & UlO. 
1973; Ralph, Checklist Vase. PI. Coast. PI. Canm. 29. 1973; Rick- 
ett. Wild Fls. U. S. 6 (3): 5^4, [5U5], & 783, pl. 196. 1973; W. 
Stone, PI. South. N. J., pr. 2, 66O. 1973; Barans, Castanea 39: 
31. I97U; Mohleribrock *- Voigt, Fl. South. 111. 286, 287, & 389. 
197U. 

Additional illustrations: H. V. Sm., Wildfl. Winter 201. 1971; 
Willdnson & Jaques, How to Know Weeds, ed. 2, 12li, fig. 297- 1972j 
Rickett, 7aid n.s. U. S. 6 (3): [5ii5], pl. 196 (in color). 1973. 

Raeuschel (1797) describes this species as both annual and per- 
ennial and credits it to Virginia, Davidson (1973) calls it an an- 
nual and biennial. Torrey (181^3) describes its corollas a "white 
or sometimee slightly tinged with rose-color" and gives its habitat 
as "Road-sides, old fields, etc.; very common [in New York state]. 
Probably introduced from Europe. July— September . This plant was 
held sacred among the ancients, and used in making leagues by am- 
bassadors, sacrificial rites, incantations, etc." The latter part 
of this statement is, of course, completely erroneous. Verbena urtl- 
cifolia is native only to North America (not Europe I) and was not 
known to the ancients I The plant he is here erroneously referring 



197li Moldenke, Notes on Verbena UOl 

to is the Old World V_. ol'f Iclnalls . Tho roae-colored form to 
which he alludes is now known as V. urticifolia var. incamata 
(Raf.) koldenke . He continues: "Between this species and the pre- 
ceding [Vj, hastata] there are several intermediate hybrid forms, 
wliich, as well as other hybrid Verbenas, have been carefully and 
accurately described by Dr. Engelmann in Silliman's Journal, vol, 
U6." 

The corollas are usually described as "white" in this tj^pical 
form of the species, as, for instance, on Al lard II989 ^. 21188 
and E. H. ^Talker 3665 . The Ward s.n. [July Ih, I88I4], cited be- 
low, exhibits deeply incised-dentate leaf-bladee and may prove to 
be worthy of a form designation — or it may even represent the 

h:/brid xV. baileyana Moldenke. . 

■ ' [to be continued] 



NOTES ON NEW AND NOTEWOKTHI PUMTS . LHI 
Harold N, Moldenke 



ERIOCAULON NILAGIRENSE f . PARVIFOLIUld Moldenke, f . nov. 

Haec forma a forma typica speciei statura bumiliore et foliis 
brevioribus recedlt. 

This foitt differs frcm the typical font of the species in its 
generally lower stature and especially in its mature leaves at 
time of anthesis being much shorter, usually averaging only 8 — 
18 an. in length. 

The type of the form was collected by Harold Norman Moldenke, 
Alaa Lance Moldenke, Antoi^y Harold Magdon Jayasuriya, and Don 
Bhathiya Sumithraarachchi (no. 28276 ) in a ditch in black patana 
grassland on the Horton Plains along the road frcm Farr Inn to 
World's End, at an altitude of 7000 feet, Nuwara-Eliya District, 
Central Province, Sri Lanka, on January 29, 197U, and is depos- 
ited in my personal herbarium at Plainfield, New Jersey. 

ERIOCAULON WILLDENOVIANUM var. FEEGUSONII Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica speciei foliis vaginisque den- 
siuscule longecpie villosis, pilis allbidis mollibus, recedit. 

This variety differs fran the typical form of the species in 
having its leaves and sheaths rather densely long-villous with 
shaggy, soft, whitish hairs. 

The type of the variety was collected by W. Ferguson in the 
Cinnamon Gardens at Colombo, Colombo District, Western Province, 
Sri Lanka, in March, 1883, and is deposited in the herbariiM of 
the Sri Lanka Botanical Garden at Peradeniya. 



U02 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 23, no. U 

LANTANA CAldARA var. NANA Uoldenke, var. no v. 

Haec varietas a forma typica specie! statura valde humiliore 
recedit . 

This variety differs from the typical form of the species in 
its regularly lower stature at maturi-ty, usually attaining a height 
of only 1 meter or less. It is widely cultivated as a border or 
rock-garden or window-box plant. 

The type of the variety was collected by Ellys Theodora Molden- 
ke and Harold Norman Moldenke ( no. 11903 ) in outdoor cultivation 
at the New Yoii Botanical Garden, in the so-called "perennial 
border", Bronx Park, Bronx County, New York, on October 11*, 19U., 
and is deposited in the Britton Herbarium at the New York Botani- 
cal Garden. 

LANTANA PKOiULINA Moldenke, sp. nov. 

Herba lignosa 1 m. altaj ramis densissime hispidisj foliis de- 
ciissato-oppositis sessilibus subrotundis late ellipticisve ovato- 
subrottmdisve 2 — 3.5 cm. longis 1.5 — 2.8 cm. latis utrinque plus- 
minusve hispidis ad apicem rotundatis vel rotuiidato-acutis mar- 
ginibus regulariter serratis ad basin rotundatis; inflorescentiis 
axillaribus; pedunculis elongatis 8 — 13 cm. longis dense hispidiaj 
capitulis hemisphaericis multiflorisj bracteis foliaceis ovatis 
8 — 10 mm. longis ca, 5 mm. latis extus dense albido-hispidisj cor- 
ollis hypocrateriformibus luteis. 

Woody herb, about 1 m. tall; branches rather slender, obtusely- 
tetragonal or subterete, very densely hispid with wide-spreading 
sordid-wliitish stiff hairs; leaves decussate-opposite, the lowest 
smaller, all sessile, vaiying from subrotund to broadly elliptic 
or ovate-subrotund, 2 — 3.5 cm. long, 1.5 — 2.8 cm. wide, more or 
less densely hispid on both surfaces with long whitish hairs which 
become appressed in pressing, rounded or rounded-acute at the apex, 
regularly serrate along the margins, rounded at the base; inflores- 
cence only axillaiy, capitate, far sujrpassing the subtending 
leaves; peduncles slender, divergent, 8 — 13 cm. long, densely his- 
pid with wide-spreading sordid-whitish hairs; heads hemispheric, 
many- flowered, small, about 1,5 cm. wide and 1 cm. high in anthe- 
sis; bracts foliaceous, very conspicuous, broadly ovate, 8 — 10 mm. 
long, about 5 inm. wide at the base, densely white-hispid on the 
outer (lower) surface, the hairs more or less appressed in press- 
ing; corolla hypocraterifom, yellow, equaling and mostly hidden 
by the bracts. 

The type of this species was collected by E. A. Robinson ( no. 
hh$2 ) in damp grassy upland in the Mafinga HiUs, Northern Prov- 
ince, Malawi, at an altitude of l850 meters, on March 11, 1961, 
and is deposited as sheet no, 1776676 in the herbarium of the 
Missouri Botanical Garden at Saint Louis, Missouri. 

LANTANA TRIPLINERVIA var, HISPIDA (Moldenke) Moldenke, comb. nov. 

Lantana mlnasensis var. hispida Moldenke, Phytologia 23 i U51t. 
197T, 



197U Moldenke, New and noteworthy plants [i03 

UITTANA TRIPLINERVIA var. LOfJGIBRACTEOLATA (Moldenke) Moldenke, 
cocb. nov, 
Lantana mlnasensis var. longibrac teolata toldenke, Phytologia 

13 : 2li2. I966T 

UMTANA TRIPLINSiiVIA var. IHNASEMSIS (Moldenke) Moldenke, comb. & 
stat. nov. 
Lantana mlnasensis koldenke, Phytologia 2: I38. 19U8 . 

UWTANA TRIPLINERVIA var, PUdERULElfTA (ifoldenke) Moldenke, comb, 
nov. 
Lantana mlnasensis var. puberuienta Koldenke, Phytologia 2$: 
220. 1973. 

LIPPIA INTERlffiDIA var. PARVIFOLIA Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica apeciei foliis maturis brevioribus 
1,3 — 2 cm. longis 6 — 9 nun. latls ad apicem acutissime argutis 
marginibus crasse serratis recedit. 

This variety differs frc«n the typical form of the species in its 
mature leaves at time of anthesis being shorter, only 1.3 — 2 cm. 
long and 6 — 9 nun. wide, much more sharply acute at the apex, and 
with the marginal teeth much coarser. 

The type of the variety was collected by Gert Hatschbach ( no. 
32^82) on a "campo limpo" at Anfiteatro, in the iiunicipality of 
Ponta Grossa, Parand, Brazil, on September 27, 1973, and is de- 
posited in ray personal herbarium at Plainfield, New Jersey. The 
corollas are said to have been yellow when fresh and the plant 
is very obviously xylopodif erous . 

PREMNA OBTUSIKOLIA var. SERRATIFOLIA (L.) Moldenke, stat. nov. 
Premna serrati folia L., Mant. 253. 1771. 

SYNG0NANTHU3 FI3CHERIANUS var. HATSCHBACHII Moldenke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a foraia typica speciei bracteis involucrantibus 
regular! ter at apicem attenuato-acutis recedit. 

This variety differs fran the typical form of the species in 
having its recoptacular bractlets rogxxlarly and gradually attenu- 
ate to the sharply acute apex and more glistening white. 

The type of the variety was collected by Gert Hatschbach ( no . 
32760 ) — in whose honor it is named — in Lhe "brejo" at Rio 
Atuba, in the Municipality of Curitiba, Parand, Brazil, on Octo- 
ber 30, 1973, and is deposited in my personal herbarixm at Plain- 
field, New Jersey. 

XVI21BENA 3TUPR0SA Loldenke, hybr. nov. 

Herba hyt)rida, ramis gracilibus tetragonis glabrascentibusj fol- 
iis anguste ellipticis 2 — 6 cm. longis 3 — 10 mm. latis brevissime 
petiolatis vel subsessilibus ad apicem acutis ad basin gradatim at- 
tenuatis firmis marginibus parvissime adpresseque serrulatis utrin- 
que sparse antrorseque strigulosis; infloresceutiis numeroais spi- 



UOU PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

catla alongatis 12 — 20 cm. longis gracillimis temiissimia dense 
multifloris debilibua ubique minutissime sparaissimequa atrigillo- 
siaj bracteolis lanceolatis ca, 2 nun. longis breviter acuminatis; 
calyce 2 — 3 nun» longo. 

I^brid herb, probably a natural hybrid between V, aimplex Lehm. 
and V^ virticifolia L.j stania and branchea alander, rather sharply 
tetragonal, grayish, minutely strigillose when young, soon glabres- 
centj leaves decussate-opposite, very shortly petiolate or sub- 
sessile, the blades firm, very narrowly elliptic, 2—6 cm. long, 3— 
10 ram. wide, acute at the apex, serrulate along the margins with 
very small appresaad teeth, gradually attenuate to the base, sparse- 
ly strigillose on both surfaces with scattered antrorse whitish 
hairs; inflorescence terminating sterna and branches, apparently 
numerous and irregular, spicate. the spikes numerous, mostly elon- 
gate, 12 — 20 cm. long (in fniit), very slender and weak, densely 
many- flowered and many-fruited with imbricate flowers and fruits, 
very minutely and sparsely strigillose throughout; peduncles very 
much abbreviated, about 1 era. long, slender and resembling the 
branches; racliis very slender and weak; bracts very small, lanceo- 
late, about 2 mm. long, short-acuminate at the apex, equaling the 
flowering calyx, shorter than the fruiting calyx, 2 — 3 mm. long, 
minutely and very sparsely strigillose on the outer surface, its 
rim minutely U-apiculate, 

The type of this hybrid was collected by Heinrich Karl Daniel 
Eggert in waste places at Coraing, Clay County, Arkansas, on Aug- 
ust 21, 1896, and is deposited in the herbarivm of the Missouri 
Botanical Garden at Saint Louis, Missouri, as sheet no. 118279. 

VITEI NEGUNDO var. PURPURASCEHS Sivarajan & Moldehke, var. nov. 

Haec varietas a forma typica special recedit ramis foliisque 
subtus paniculisque calycibusque corollisque dense purpurao- 
pubescentibus, coI^^llis uhique atropurpureis, fauce pilis griseia 
et purpureis intarmixta, filamentia styloque purpureis, et fila- 
mentis ad basin puirpureo-pilosis. 

This variety differs from the typical form of the species in 
having its branches, under surface of the leaflet-blades, panicles, 
calyxes, and corollas densely purple-pubescent (slightly fading in 
age), the corollas deep-purple throughout, their throat with gray 
and purple hairs mixed, the stamen filaments purplish and with 
purple hairs at the base, and the style purple. In the tj'pical 
form of the species the branches and under surface of the leaflets 
are densely gray-pubescent, the panicles, calyxes, and corollas 
are gray-pubescent, the corolla- tube is light-pink, the limb ia 
light-purple, and the throat has only gray hairs within, the fila- 
ments are white with gray hairs at the base, and the style is 
white. 

The type of the variety was collected by V. V. Sivarajan ( no. 
13U9) on the Calicut University campus in Calicut, India, on May 
9, I97U, and is deposited in my personal herbarium at Plainfield, 
New Jersey. I am indebted to Dr. Sivarajan for the details of 
the description and comparisons. 



FLOTSAM ^ND JliTSAM OF CANTON ATOLL, SOUTH PACIFIC 
Otto 4 Isa Degener 



Canton, a Pacific Ocean atoll lying between latitude 2° 46* and 
2° 52' S., and longitude 171° 37* and 171° ^* Wc, is the most north- 
ern of eight low coral islands comprising the Phoenix «jroup. Resem- 
bling a pork chop in shape, it is about eight miles long, and h.is its 
longer axis lying roughly from its narrower eastern end to its four 
miles wide western end (fig. l)« The atoll consists of a rim 150 to 
1,800 feet wide enclosing a shallow lagoon of about 25 sf^uare miles© 
The greatest elevation of the island is twenty feet. 

Evidently built around a volcanic core, the atoll consists main- 
ly of the calcareous skeletons and shells of invertebrates, frag- 
ments of coralline algae, and a few vertebrate skeletons. All have 
been comminuted into sand and powder, andor cemented into vast 
stretches of calcite. These last rim the island and are worn smooth 
by the waves washing back and forth over them with scouring materi- 
al. The dry atoll rim of calcite fragments, sand and powder is more 
or less glued together by felt-like or gelatinous films of numerous 
genera of blue-green algae (Degener & Degener 1959) • Bird excre- 
ment, hardly guano, accumulates under the rookeries of booby and 
frigate birds nesting preferably on scaevola bushes (Murphy et al., 
195^; fig. 2). Rare areas of humus may be found in patches of for- 
est, the result not only of fallen twigs and leaves, but from ac- 
cumulated excrement of the terrestrial hermitcrab Coenobita perlat - 
U3 . Some of this earth, an estimated collection of 1,000 years, 
may be four inches deep. 

The atoll was of little importance until Pan American World Air- 
ways began to use it as a refueling station in 1939 for aircraft on 
Honolulu-Auckland flights. As both Great Britain and the United 
States laid claim to this flat area, the controversy was a«icably 
settled April 6, 1939 by agreement to administer the atoll jointly 
as a condominiiim for fifty years and "thereafter until such time as 
it may be modified or terminated by mutual consent." With outbreak 
of World War II, Canton became the hub of Pacific air movement by 
United States Military Forces. In 19^2, with 1,1^^3 Army personnel 
stationed there, it was used for antisubmarine search and photo- 
graphic reconnaisance missions. A year later it was the main base 
for the conquest of the Gilbert Islands from the Japanese. By I950 
commercial activity was at its lenith, with four major airlines in- 
volved and a resident force of about 3OO Americans and British, 

With continuous improvement in airplanes, the importance of Can- 
ton as a refueling station waned. The last scheduled commercial 
stop was in 1959. That saj»ie year the National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration (NASA) selected Canton as Project Mercury Tracking 

i*05 



h06 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

Station Number 11, and for a few years until I966 to support the 
astronauts in Project Gemini. During I968 the Government of Ameri- 
can Samoa was permitted to salvage whatever it wanted from deacti- 
vated installations. In 1970 the atoll became a Space and Missile 
Test Center serviced by United States personnel, many being Samoans 
(Bickett 1971 for details and references). 

As Botanical Consultant for Canton Atoll for the Civil Aeronau- 
tics Administration (CAA), Otto Degener explored and worked on the 
atoll for a week in July 1950 and for six weeks in April-May 1951« 
Isa Degener and he then continued study of the atoll for about three 
weeks in February-March 1958. 

Canton has been under the scrutiny of many scientists practic- 
ing diverse disciplines. According to the entomologist van Zwalu- 
wenburg (19^2) on Canton "Between December 19^+0 and February 19^1 
there were some weeks of strong westerly winds which attained a 
velocity of 55 knots. The effect of these prolonged gales on the 
normal ocean currents, though temporary, must have been consider- 
able. Drift-borne seeds were absent or at least inconspicuous on 
the Canton beaches the year before, but by August they were a 
striking feature of the shore line everywhere. It is assumed that 
their presence is a result of the gales of the previous wintero" 
He forthwith^ mentions what he considers to be Myristlca sp,» En - 
tada scandens, Inocarpus edulis , Mucuna spp. (4j, Gaesalpinia cris - 
ta , Ca nari um sp. , Barringtonia speciosa , Terminalia catappa , Cer - 
bera odollam , unidentified spp. (3)» Aleurites moluccana , Pandanus 
sp., and viable Cocos , "Seeds of many of the species listed had 
sprouted after stranding. Between 35 and 50 coconut sprouts were 
estimated to be still present in September along the entire 27- 
mile perimeter of the island, but these were only a fraction of 
the total nuiTiber of coconuts cast upo Some of the hazards attend- 
ing the survival of seedling plants from drift seeds are obvious: 
Coenobita olivieri Owen fC. perlatus] shred the husk of coconuts 
and eat out the contents of the sprouted nuts; flood tides drench 
many seedlings with sea water; in at least one case high water 
buried a sprouted palm deep in sand. So the complete failure of any 
of the above named species to become established on Canton in the 
past - - - is not surprising when, to the hazards already mention- 
ed, are added the inevitable recurrent shortages of raino" 

When we visited the island in the winter of 1957-58, we similar- 
ly found on its beaches great accumulations of floated debris, most- 
ly wood (fig. 3)» fruits and seeds (fig. ^) reminiscent of the situ- 
ation mentioned by van Zwaluwenburg. Such objects, often with super- 
ficial scrutiny, can be identified to the genus; and, particularly 
fruits and seeds, to the species. For the specific determination of 
thousands of puzzling Canavalia seeds, however, considerable space 
in a garden is needed to raise them so that the plants can be iden- 
tified by study of flowers, legumes and seeds. We lacked such space. 
Nevertheless, one questionable Canton seed collected in 1958 and 



197U 0. & I. Degener, Canton Atoll U07 

planted In our garden at Mokuleia Beach, Oahu, Hawaii, Is now a 50 
foot tall Hernandia peltata Melssno Thouj^h hundreds of seeds of Ery - 
thrlna were collected on Canton, only a few were planted In the gar- 
den. One, allowed to flower and fnalt, was E, "ariegata var. orien- 
talis (L.) Merr. Becoirlng too ^arge and beginning to buckle a house 
foundation, it was chopped down. Its larger limbs and its trunk seg- 
ments, rolled to the beach for disposal, soon struck root and sprout- 
ed. This variety evidently can colonize isolated islands not only by 
seed but by trunk fragments. With facilities to plant a thousand Can- 
ton seeds of Erythrina and a thousand of the very variable seeds of 
Canavalia , many as yet undescribed taxa might have been discovered. 

As many representative propagules were collected, chiefly along 
the north shore, as the expense of shipping them home permitted. 
Numbered voucher specimens have been deposited at the New York Bot- 
anical Garden (NY) with unicates, and similar collections at the U- 
niversity of Massachusetts (MASS), Berlin (B) , Kew (k) , Bishop Muse- 
um (BISH), Arnold Arboretum (a), Cornell (BH, CU) , Geneva (G), Mun- 
ich (m), Smithsonian (US), St. Louis (MO), United States Department 
of Agriculture (USFS) , Vienna (W) and elsewhere. Many of these spec- 
imens have been so efficiently filed away taxonomically that it is 
impracticable to reassemble them to ascertain their herbarium num- , 
bers. We succeeded in identifying most of the disseminules ourselv- 
es. Dr. R. Melville independently identified many of the numbers we 
had Identified and, in addition, many unknown to us; and so did like- 
wise Dr. Charles R, Gunn, Mr. John V. Dennis and Miss M.H. Stone© 

Intrigued by a I968 article by Dr. Gvinn about stranded seeds and 
fruits along Florida's shore, we dusted off over old notes, photo- 
graphs and the few specimens remaining to us. We then prepared the 
present paper, with editorial suggestions from Gunn and Dennis. Two 
companion papers should follow: one, under authorship of Degeners, 
Gunn and Dennis, should describe and Illustrate the Canton Atoll 
material in some detail; while the other, under authorship of Gunn 
and Dennis, might concentrate on wind and ocean currents in the Pa- 
cific, and buoyancy* 

The following lists what we believe we collected on Cantono As 
the identification of certain propagules - especially of Canavalia , 
Erythrina , Mucuna, Terminalia - is difficult or impossible unless 
these can be grown to produce Identifiable flowers, the list is a 
tentative one. Some of the specimens bear Degener 4 Degener collec- 
tion numbers. 

Cycadaceae t Cycas circinalis L., D. 4 D. 2U,668. 

Podocarpaceae ; ? Podocarpns elongata L'Herit. 

Pandanaceae i Pandanus spp. 

Palmae ; ''Borassus, D. 4 D. 2^,625; Cocos nucifera L.; Nypa frutes - 

cens Wurmb., D. 4 D. 2'4.,692. 
Taccaceae: Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) Kuntze. 
Casuarinaceae t Gasuarina equisetifolia Forst. 



^08 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. k 

^agaceae ; Quercus bennettil Miq.t D. & D. 2^,683. 

Olacaceae: 'i' Ximenla amerlcana L. 

Gassythaceae ; Cassytha flllformls L. 

Hernandiaceae ; Hemandla nymphaeifolla (Presl) Kubitski; H. peltata 

Meissn., andor some similar species, D. 4 D. 2U,697» 2^,702. 
Chrysobalanaceae ; Parinarl glaberrima Hassk. 

Leguminosae ! Canavalia cathartica Thouars, D. & D. 2^,675; C. ml - 
cropiper (DC.) Piper; C, spp., many taxa, some probably new; 
Cynometra sp. ; Dioclea reflexa Hook, f., D. 4 D. 2^4., 68^, Zk, 
975; D. violacea Mart., D. 4 D. 2^,671; D. spp.; Entada phase - 
oloides (L.) Kerr., andor related spp., D. 4 D. 2^,628, 2k, 
629; Erythrina variegata var. orientalis (L.) Merr., andor o- 
ther spp., D. 4 D. 2'+,669; Guilandina crista (L.) Small; Int - 
sia (Afzelia) bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze, D. 4 D. 2^4., 687; Mucuna 
gigantea (Willd.) DC, D. & D. 24,670; M. cf. gigantea , D. 4 D. 
2U,682; M. ?kra ikei Warb. , D. 4 D. 24,^1, 2i+,974; M. spp. D. 4 
D. 24,667; Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr.; Sophora torr.entosa L., D. 
4 D. 24,706; Strongylodon lucidus (Forst. f.) Seem, (or perhaps 
S. psaudolu-ldus ) , D. 4 D. 24,691. 

Burseraceae : Cana rlmn cf. decuman urn Gaertn.,D. 4 D. 24,620; C. sppo, 
D. i D, 24,620 ; G.nehenbethene Gaertn., D. 4 D. 24,626; C spp,, 
D. 4 D. 24,676, 24,694o 

Meliaceae i Xylocarpus ( Carapa ) moluccensis (Lam.) Roemo, (Globular 
fruit always with calcareous tunnels of Teredo clava.) , D. & D. 
24,665. 

Euphorbiaceae t Aleurites moluccana Willd., D. 4 D. 24,686; A leu - 
rites sp. nov.? with walnut -marked seed, D. 4 D. 24,627; Hevea 
brasiliensis (HBK) Muell-Arg.; Hipp o mane mane ine 11a L., D. 4 D. 

24,699. 

Anacardiaceae ? Spondias cytherea Sonnero, (or perhaps doubtfully dis- 
tinct S^ dulcis ), D. 4 D. 24,672. 

Rhamnaceae ; Colubrina cf. asiatica Brongn. (Seeds ra'iher small.) 

Tiliaceae: Triumfetta procumbens Forst. 

Malvaceae ; Pariti tiliaceum (L.) Britt.; Thespesia populnea (L.) 
Solando 

Bombacaceae ; ? Ochroma sp. 

Sterculiaceae : Heritiera littoralls Dryand.j Melochia sp. 

Guttiferae ; Calophyllujn inophyllum L., D. 4 D. 24,680o 

Flacourtiaceae t Pangium edule Reinw,, D. 4 D. 24,677o 

Sonneratiaceae : Sonneratia sp. 

Lecythidaceae ; Barringtonia speciosa (L.) Kur». 

Combretaceae ; ? Lumnitzera ; Termlnalia cf. catappa L., D. 4 D. 24, 
673; T. sppo, D. 4 D. 24,668, 24,674, ?24,975. 

Sapotaceae ; Palaquium sp. ; Sapotaceae ? , D. 4 D, 24,693* 

Apocynaceae ; Gerbera manghas L. 

Convolvulaceae t Ipomoea pes-caprae var. emarginata Hall, f., D. 4 
D. 24,679. 

Boraginaceae t Cordia subcordata Lam., D. 4 D, 24,578; Messerschmid - 
la argentea (L. f.) Johnston. 

Verbenaceae ; ulerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn. 



197U 0. & I. Degenar, Canton Atoll U09 

Rubiaceae ; Guet tarda speclosa L., D. 4. D.Z^,6?8i Morlnda cltrirol - 

la L. 
Apocynaceae t Ochrosia cf. opposltifolla (Lam.) K. Scha-n., U, 4 D, 

2i+,698. 
GoodenLaceae ; Scaevola sp. 
Compos itae ; Wedelia biflora (L.) DC. 

Because drift logs had housed shlpworms of various genera (Banksia 
sp.; Martensla spp.; Teredo bensoni » T. clava , T. samoaensi s) and 
some goose barnacles ( Lepas anatlfera j, nearly a hundred wood sam- 
ples were collected. These were shipped to the late Dr. Cnarles H. 
Edmondson for his studies of wood-fouling organisms. Even logs of 
balsa, Ochroma pyramldale (Cav.) Urb., an American species, were 
found. These were conspicurus from other dicotyledonous wood by be- 
ing practically free of shipworms and entirely free of goose bar- 
nacles. This freedom of organisms on float lag balsa is due more to 
the remarkable lightness of the wood than to any other factor. Bal- 
sa wood practically floats on the ocean surface and, with the 
slightest breeze, the wet surface is lifted out of the water and 
exppsed to the drying air. Hence this wood, as a whole, is simply 
too dry to sustain marine organisms. 

In chopping drift logs for the pal;-=?t5 and shells, so necessary 
for the identification of shipworms, we came across several colo- 
nies of tennites, such as Coptotermes f ormosana hitherto unrecord- 
ed from Canton. These insects appeared to have drifted to the atoll. 
It seems reasonable that wood boring insects can survive ocean trans- 
portation within a tree trunk as time is not always sufficient for 
wood to get waterlogged through and through. Though not in a posi- 
tion to offer proof, it is possible for a knotnole in a tree to 
seal over so that the enclosed cavity will house propagules of ani- 
mals and plants; eggs, cysts, the aestivating or hibernating organ- 
isms themselves, spores, seeds, fungus hyphae, etc. Such a drifted 
log, cast upon a sun-scorched beach and there decaying, would even- 
tually liberate such propagules into such an unfavorable environ- 
ment that most would succumb. But another factor promoting survival 
and colonization not only for "knothole migrants" but for drift 
fruits and seeds enters the picture. 

Living at the beach on northern Cahu, Hawaiian Islands, and hav- 
ing had cur home and garden devastated by the tsunami or "tidal 
waves" of April 1, 19^+6 and March 9, 195? • we were overwhelmed by 
one truth. Tsunami are frequent and of enormous effect, pushing 
drift of all kinds a few feet to hundreds of feet Inland from the 
inhospitable beach to often humus soil and loam. Such action of the 
tsunami is on a wholesale scale, entire coastlines usually totaling 
thousands of miles being affectedo 

For some years after a tsunami we eradicated seedlings of the wild» 
endemic naupaka kai ( Scaevola sericea var. fauriel (L4v1.) Deg. & 
Deg.) and of the exotic seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.) that 



10.0 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

continued to sprout in x'^lower beds 200 to 300 feet inland from the 
stands along the beach. Similarly, on the south shore of Oahu, some 
years after the tsunami of 19^, Mr. Walter Bayer showed us healthy 
plants of the locally rare endemic taxon of Colubrina asjatica (L.) 
Brongn., that had sprouted from the elevated windrow of debris cast 
up in his garden. 

Anyone who has seen the hard-shelled eggs of geckos glued in 
holes and crevices of coconut and other logs along the beach will 
have an explanation - perhaps the true one - for the wide distribu- 
tion of such reptiles o 

Islands surrounded by great deeps with icy cold water even in the 
tropics, are beyond reach of most nonswimming, aquatic organisms un- 
less they have a pelagic stage of some duration in their life. If 
these do not reach the completely isolated island via floating logs 
or larger propagules, a rare but effective means of transportation 
may be available. In studying the beaches of Canton we have come a- 
cross quantities of gray to almost black blocks of pumice, and oc- 
casionally the shells of the pearly nautilus and the cuttlebone of 
the octopus. A random glance at dark pumice and more careful inspec- 
tion of pale nautilus and cuttlebone occasionally discloses the white 
of coral and the calcareous housing of marine worms. Such types, and 
many others* may well have reached Canton waters mature enough to 
reproduce their kind before being washed upon the beach to die. Me 
wish to emj^asiie that electric light bulbs, other waste artifacts 
and garbage of Caucasian and Oriental civilizations, so common to 
many beaches, are conspicuously absent on Canton. Outstanding arti- 
facts were several outrigger canoes and a primitive paddle. Resi- 
dents claim that one canoe, definitely hollowed out with a stone ads, 
is of African origin. Study of a wood fragment, never collected, 
would have decided such claim. 

They are just bugs ( Hemiptera , Family Vallidae ) ; but to us, pa- 
thetic ones all the saraeo Just beyond where the strongest waves lap 
the beach, among foam, sand and coral blocks of various siies, cliun- 
sily and weakly hop exhausted marine waterstriders (Halobates mi - 
cans ) o They are black above, perhaps for desired warmth; pale bluish 
below to be camouflaged against attack by hungry fish fry looking up- 
ward from below. They are only a few millimeters long. Agile skaters 
on the surface film of ocean water, like their relatives on fresh 
water of American brooks and ponds, they are helpless when thorough- 
ly wetted during a storm or when blown unsuspectingly by the trade 
winds and swept by the breakers onto shore o They are out of their 
element and here they die. Though living on the vast expanse of the 
ocean, they are no more water creatxures than are the frigate birds 
flying overhead. This insect, to survive from generation to genera- 
tion, must find a chance piece of driftwood, seed, pa-nice or even 
floating feather upon which to lay its eggs: while the bird and the 
sea turtle must find an island like Canton to lay theirs. These wa- 
terstriders, we believe, had been swept along the surface of the o- 
cean like the fruits and seeds by gale force winds rather than wash- 
ed by ocean currents to pile up on the beach. 



197U 0. & I. Degener, Canton Atoll Ull 

Due to a spell of rainy weather germination of more or less salt 
freed seeds were sc successful that the beach showed a narrow, faint 
line of green extending for many miles, a condition unknown to any 
resident of the tima. In t'nis line of drift not a single Canton spe- 
cies was noticed except Cassy tha filifontiis , Triumfett a procumbens 
and Cordia s uocorda ta. As these propagules were wave worn, we believe 
them not of local origin. 

The sea hearts ( Entad a pha seoloides 3.2«)» with large expanded 
cotyledons, a few leaves and a slender stem elongating vainly for 
a support to cllir.b, were already beginning to suffer in Febniary 

from the strong drying salt bree«e. Not one became established* 
Thousands upon thousands of seedlings of the beach morning^lory 
( Ipomoea pes-caprae var. emarginata ) ^^th stiff, thick, green, deep- 
ly notched cotyledons horlaontally akimbo, were being dally eaten 
by the hermitcrab (_C. perlatus ) , known in the vernacular as "Ber- 
nard." Various Mucuna species, probably rich in the poison L-dopa, 
were germinating merely tc fall prey to these hungry hermltcrabs. 
Of the myriad viable seeds that braved the ocean for unknown weeks 
and months without succumbing before landing on Canton shores, we 
failed to see a single successful Introduction© This atoll simply 
does not offer conditions fit for survival of phanerogams excepting 
for the trees Cordia subcordata and Messerschmidia argentea (figc 
5) , the vines moonf lower ( Calonyctlon tuba ) and lovevine ( Cassytha 
filiformis ) , and thirteen other shrubs and herbs (fig. 6), These 
natives are described in Degener & Gillaspy (1955) and Degener 4 
Degener (195S)» Should certain kinds of seeds be washed farther in- 
land by a tsunami where shelter and favorable soil conditions would 
permit such adventives to establish themselves, they would be soon 
destroyed by the hermltcrabs. These congregate under bushes and 
trees during the heat of the day, while at other times they roam 
over the atoll greedily scavenging in search of food (figs. 7, 8), 

Of individuals who have been on Canton, we wish to acknowledge 
the help of Island Manager Edwin Gillaspy and Mrs. Gillaspy; Mr. 4 
Mrs. Albert Lincoln, well-informed residents and malacologists; and 
Dr. L.H. MacDaniels, who analysed the soil and water of Canton many 
years ago. For additional information touching diverse aspects of 
the atoll, the reader is advised to consult Murphy, Niedrach 4 Bail- 
ey (195^), and their bibliography compiled by E.H/ Bryan, Jr., of 
about seventy items published between 1862 and 1954: and the follow- 
ing bibliography of additional pertinent items i 

BIBLIGTiRAFHY 

Van Zwaluwenburg, R.H. 1942. Notes on the Temporary Establishment of 
Insect and Plant Species on Canton Island. Haw. Planters* Record 
46:49-52. 

Degener, 0., 4 W.H. Hatheway. 1952. Die Flora des Cantonatolls im 
Stlllen Otean. Rev. Sc Amer. (Montevideo) 10:33-37. 

Degener, Oe, 4 F.R. Fosberg. 1952. A Central Pacific Sesuvium. Occas. 



Iil2 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. U 

Pap. Bish. Mus. 21:'+5-47. 
Hansen, I. (Mrs. 0. Degener^/ , 4 S. Potztal. BeitrSge zur Anatomie 

und Systematik der Leptureae, Bot, Jahrb. 76:250-270. 
Murphy, fl.C, R.J. Niedrach 4 A.Ni. Bai]ey. 195^^. Canton Island. 

(Denver) Mus. Pict. 10:1-78. 
Fosberg, F.R. 1955. Pacific Forms of Lepturus R. Br. (Gramineae) , 

Occas. Pap. Bish. Mus. 21:285-29^. 
Degener, 0., & E. Gillaspy. 1955. Canton Island, South Pacific. 

Atoll Res. Bull. ^1:1-51. 
Bryan, E.H., Jr. (Oct. 5) 1955. Marine Shells Collected by Otto 

Degener on Canton Island. Haw, Shell News 3(12): 1-4. 
Van Zwaluwenburg, R.F. 1955* The Insects and Certain other Arthro- 
pods of Canton Island. Atoll Res. Bull. ^^2:1-11. 
Hathaway, W.H, 1955. The Natural Vegetation of Canton Island, an 

Equatorial Pacific Atoll. Atoll Res. Bull. '»'3:l-9o 
Degener, 0., k I. 1958. The Hawaiian Beach Scaevola (Goodeniaceae) . 

Phytologia 6:321. 
Degener, 0,, k I. 1959. Canton Island, South Pacific (Resurvey of 

1958). Atoll Res. Bull. dhxY-Zhc 
Dawson, E.Y. 1959. Some Marine Algae from Canton Atoll. Atoll Res. 

Bull. 65:1-6. 
Bickett, R.D. (Jan. ll) 1971. Two Flags Over Canton. 1-11. Space & 

Missile Test Center. Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif, (includes 

bibliography of 22 items, chiefly military and political.) 
Degener, C, 4 I. 1973. Los Despojos del Mar del Atolon de Canton 

Pacifico del Sur. Hist. Nat. y pro Nat. 4(8): 15-18. 
Degener, 0., 4 I* 1973. Lepturus Pilgerianus versus L. Repens. Newsl. 

Haw. Bot. Soc. 12(5): 31. 

The above references apply to Canton Atoll in the Pacific; the 
following applies to Florida, off the Atlantic: 

Gunn. C.R. (March-April) I968. Stranded Seeds and Fruits from the 
Southeastern Shore of Florida. N.Y. Bot. Card. Joum. 43-54, 



197U 



0. (Sc I. Degener, Canton Atoll 



U13 



^i 



LAGOOA 



V-^ 




Fig. 1, Canton Atoll (After Hatheway 1955) 



Fig. 2. Frigate bird rookery amid scaevola bushes 

(orerleaf, following page) 



hlh 



PHTTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. U 




197li 



0. & I. Degener, Canton Atoll 



U15 




Fig. 3. Driftwood and barringtonia fruits* etc. 










Fig. ^. Fruits, seeds and seedlings 



Ul6 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28. no. U 















Figo 5» Messerschmldia argentea , a favorite shade tree for the 
terrestrial hermitcrab (G. perlatus ) to rest during heat of day 
(Degener & Rasche photo) 



Fig. 6, Native phanerogam vegetation consists of seventeen species 
only: Digitaria , Eragrostis , two of Lepturus , Boerhavia, Sesuvium, 
Portulaca, Gassytha , Tribulus, Suriana , Triumfetta, Sida, Pemphls , 
Calonyction , Cordia , Messerschmidia and Scaevola 

(opposite page) 



197U 



0, & I. Degoner, Canton Atoll 



un 




5^ 




U18 



PHYTOLOGIA 



Vol. 28, no. h 




Fig. ?• Hermitcrabs enjoying their siesta (Degener & Rasche photo) 




Fig. 8. Hermitcrabs roaming over atoll in search of food 



spathcj:::a in :-i.^;Aii 



Qtto 4 Isa Degener 



It may seem strange for residents of the Hawaiian Islands 
to liurst into print regarding taxa of the African genus Spath - 
oiea of the Bicnoniaceae . Neverthelesw, as three are grovm 
here, we wish to dicpel 3ome local confusion regarding them. 

The glabrous taxon with scarlet flowers havinrr a silky to- 
mentulc^e calyx with elevated nerves is widely planted as a 
street tree. This we con?iidGr to be 3pathodea carr.p.^nulata 
3eauv. Accordinp, to Velwitsch in Iter Angolenoe , in Joum, Jot. 
London 3:332. 1"^5» it occurs naturally in 3olun.7;o Altc and 
Gazongo, 

The taxon with leaves densely tawny puberulent beneath and 
with scarlet flowers havin/5 a silky tomentulose calyx with im- 
pressed nerves was flourishing about the 3otany 3uildinj on the 
University o'*' Hawaii campus betvfeen 1922 and 19^7* This is men- 
tioned in Degener, 0., Flora Haw. Fam. 321. IZ/Z^/j^. It still 
occurs, but rarely, in some gard.ens in the State. In spite of 
some leading botanists considering it synonymous with the above 
species, we consider this to be typical 3pathodea nilotica 
Seem. According to page 333 of the Iter , this "Bushy scarlet- 
flowered tree" came from "'Jngoro Glav., 'Vug. l-'"^'''"-C. ipekt- and 
Grant's Expedition to the Sources of the ;;ile," 

Recently a third taxon appeared in the Islands which co- 
tanically is of modest int'-;rest, but horticul-cur.-lly is c-U3- 
in;:; a furor, '.'e here r.a:'.s it« 

Spathodea niloticc fcr-ia bryanii Dug. i Jeg., f . nov . 
A srecie coroila ri" ^^ di~fert . Jegensrs' 33, '^^1. Seed intro- 
duced fiOm Africa by L. <'. Lryan. Specimen fro.-a cultivated tree 
in Kona, Hawaii. Collected by Le-jter -U Bryan, Jec. 1973» 
Tj'pe: at U.3. ITat. Arb.; cotype, M.Y. 

As I'elsey A Daytcn (Standardized Plant Names, 3d. 2. 19''2,) 
chose "flambeautree" for member? o^ Spathodea , we here name 
this new taxon ".Aryans flanbeautree'' with the vain hope of dis- 
couraging its local name of "Bryans Kona gold" from becoming 
popular. "Kona" applies to a Hawaiian district hardly associat- 
ed with the taxon, and "gold" might apply to any kind of yel- 
low-flowered plant whatsoever. The corolla, style and filarr.ents, 
instead of being red, are "pumpVin-yellow." 

According to retired forester Eryan (letter dated l-&rcn S, 
197^ »)t "i'y seed came from Feter Greensmith of :iairobi, Kenya, 
Africa thru David Barry, Jr. who operates the California Jun- 
gle Nursery in Los Angeles," The name "oryans Kona Gold" was 
printed Oct. 12, 1973 in the "West Hawaii Today" newspeper; 
and Oct. I'l- with text and colored plate in the f-.agazine sec- 
tion of the "Hawaii Tribune-Herald" by County Agent Norman 
Bezona. 'I'e had never realized the complicated history of this 

UI9 



U20 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. J4 

or of ?. '•jlmilar forin until we co:-"ianicated wibh Dr. . rederlck 
G. Keyer of thf; U.S. National Arborcbur. , who sent us a copy of 
the AReric=in Horticulturist, 7ol. 52. Sprinr 19''^i-. There Jr. 
Mwix) \, Mennin^jer writes about "The Yellow African Tulip 
Tree" in some detail. That our form is strictly p. cultigen is 
questionable. According to Sggeling & Dale (iniigenous Trees 
pf Uganda, -^d. ?,. i^2, 1952.) "A form with rich buttercup yel- 
low flowers, well vjorth perpetuating, occurs in Bugishu and a 
somewhat similar tree has been found in Kongo. " 



BISHOP'S "INVEOTORY" 
Otto <?(L Isa Degener 



After eighteen months of research Dr. Luther liarl Binhop 
authored ''Honolulu Botanic Gardens Inventory 1972,'' a 29'4- page 
book measuri;.? eight by eig'ht inches. It was published by the 
Friends of Foster Gardens Press in 1973. Its thick eggshell 
brown, nanila cover attractively binds about thirty papes to 
Include a "Forvrard" and an introduction to seven botanic fe;ar- 
dens located on the Island of Oahu. The oldest and most in- 
teresting historically is Foster Bot..nlc Garden located in 
downtown Honolulu, 

Foster Bot';,rile Garden, also known as Foster Park, had boen 
the home of the German William Killebrand, physician to Hawai- 
ian royalty and author of the prized "Flora of the Hawaiici.n Is- 
lands," published posthumously in IS8G, During his twenty 
years* residence in Honolulu, Hillebrand (b. 1821 - d. 1'' :-,<,) 
cultivated choice Hawaiian and exotic plants in the garden 
about his home in Nuuanu Valley. In IBBO the Canadian Thomas 
R. Foster purchased the property. He married i4ary ilijibeth 
Robinson (lB4ij'-1930) , also known by her Hawaiian name Mikaha- 
la, the daufthter of James Robinson anC a ,'awaiian chief ess. 
A convert to Buddhism, the aging widow had seen the ghost of 
Captain Foster riding his favorite horse, nights, among the 
towering trees in her gard.en. This dream may have helped the 
tactful and understanding botanist Harold L. Lyon (1-79-195?) 
to prevail upon Ivrs. ^''oster to deed this property to the City 
and County of Honolulu as a "public and bropical park to be 
known as 'Foster Park." Thus the Board of Public Parks and Re- 
creation fo^^^meri responsibility for the five and a half acres 
in 1931» Botanist Lyon became Director o-p the Carden until 
his death, whereupon Landscape Architect P^ul R. 'Veissich took 
over the position. By 1972 the Honolulu Botanic Garden System, 
under the latter's able guidance, had grown to seven botanic 
gardens comprising 266 acres! 

The "Inventory" proper lists the plants by binomials, for- 
tunately with authorities; the accession number, giving the 



197U 0. &. I. Degener, Bishop's "Inventory" Ii21 

student ready opportunity to consult additional information re- 
corded on the proper filing card in the J. F. Rock Memorial 
Library; the geographical source; and in which of the seven 
gardens each specieo is growing. Page 35 to U6 are devoted to 
about 75 species and named cultigens of ferns and their al- 
lies; page 4-7 to -j^ to about 100 Gymnospenns and their allies; 
paje 55 to 197 (not 16?) to about 2,200 Dicots; and page 199 
to 287 to about 1,^+00 Monocots. Thousands of additional spe- 
ci-js, identified to the gynus only, are likewise listed. Fam- 
ilies in these groups are arranged alphabetically. A map and 
eleven full page plates illustrate the work. 

As expected with such a wealth of binomials the reader, 
like the reviewers, may question come listings. Personally, 
we believe many legumes deserve segregation into different 

genera largely according to pod characters ; and that sor.e of 
the orthography be altered such as Alyxia olivaeformiG to A^. 
ollviformi?^ , 3enecic kleiniaeforriis to _3. kleinilformls , Boer - 
haavla to Boerhavia, Gasasia clusifolia to _C^ clusiifolia , 
Fnaius to Fhajus . 

Besides being delightful and Instmctive to residents and 
tourists alike, these plantings indicate what species will ani 
will not thrive at an elevation from sea level to 1,300 feet, 
st an exposure of 2^ to 52 inches of rainfall per year, and to 
extremes of 5^° to 95° Fahrenheit. The reviewers hope that 
State Legislators will realize that these seven kipuka , or o- 
ases amid condominiums and asphalt, can be bound together by 
streets and hi,-<hways adorned and shaded by fascinating plants 
already tested for survival. Viith proper appropriations to the 
Department of Parks and Recreation, Honolulu can becone a true 
botanical garden city. 

It is fortunate that the Friends of Foster Garden, Inc., 
with the backing of various eleemosynary Trusts, was enabled 
to finance and publish Luther E. Bishop's "Inventory." The 
work is to be distributed to more than three hundred leading 
botanical gardens in the 'iorld. The book is enlightening;. 



BOOK REVIEWS 
Alma L. Moldenke 



"THE RAM) McMLLY ATUS OF '.VORLD '/iflLDLIFE" edited by Sir Julian 
HiixLey (consultant), Martyn Brarawell at al., 208 pp., illus. 
Ifitchell Beazley Ltd., London, & Rand McNally & Co., San 
Francisco, California 9iilOU, New York, N. Y. 10019, Chicago, 
Box 760, Illinois 6O68O. 1973. $25.00 oversize. 

If the long-time conservationist. Sir Julian Huxley, can write 
in the Foreword "I myself have learned much from the Atlas, gain- 
ing especially a better comprehension of world ecology", there 
must surely be much to learn in store here for all of us — child- 
ren, general readers, teachers, all kinds and levels of scientists. 
The vast amount of content-aaterial is organized through attrac- 
tive panoramas, dynamic charts, outstanding wildlife photographs, 
and valuable maps for the nature of the world before man's arrival 
and his impact since then and for the major biogeographical regions 
of our earth. These colorful composite layouts, drawings and 
photographs reveal so effectively much of ecological and etholog- 
ical relationships among variously feeding and breeding animals 
with each other and with their s\ir rounding plant life and viith 
man. 

Any adverse criticisms are of minor import: misspellings such 
as for invertebrates on p. 12, proboscis on p. 83, nyxomatosis 
and virginica on p. 177, etc.j misstatements such as "Most life 
forms must either climb or s".Tim unless they are birds or fish" 
on p. UO and "thick heavy bills of some [finches] are the result 
of a need to crack open tough seeds and nuts" on p. 173; loss of 
clarity in a few small color photographs as the Kenyan pastoral 
scene on p. 179, etc.; the orphaning of the angiosperms in the 
diagram on p. 12; and the occasional elimination of Sri Lanka 
(Ceylon) from the southern tip of India on maps like those on pp. 
120 & 121. Because the text is clear and the glossary very short, 
the latter is really non-functional. 

Considering the price of books today, this one is really a 
bargain; considering the contents, it is a treasure house I 

"INSECT/PLAIff RELATIONSHIPS" edited by H. F. van Emden, viii Sc 
215 pp., illus., Halsted Press of John i/iley & Sons, New 
York, N. Y. IOOI6. 1973. ^19.75. 

These 13 valuable papers and their subsequent interesting dis- 
cussions were presented at the 6th Symposium of the Royal Entomo- 
logical Society held in the Imperial College, London, in September 
1971. Each paper carries its own bibliography. It is disappoint- 
ing that there is no general index to all this important material 
of concern to so many different kinds of biologists, students and 

li22 



19 7U Moldenke, Book reviews U23 

technicians . 

Since the papers are all well v/ritten, choosinr favorites must 
be determined by the rcadar's peroonal interests from such topics 
as Yeo's "I'^loral allurements for pollinating: insects", Hothschild's 
"oecondary plant substances and warning] colouration in insects", 
Schoonhoven's "Plant recorrnition by lepidopterous larvae", and 
South.vood's introductory' paper on the evolutionary perspective of 
this insect/plant relationship. 



"RATTL3SNAKES : Their liabits, Life Histories, and Influence on 
Mankind" by Laurence i'.. Klauber, Second Revised cxiition, 
Volumes I '- II, xxx '; xvii °c 1^33 P?., illus., published for 
the Zoolof^ical Society of San Diego by the University of 
California Press, London, Los -ingeles, California Berkeley, 
California 9U720, 'x New York, N. Y. 10017. 1972 [1973]. 
tJ$0.00 boxed. 

Since the original publication in 1956 of this hif^hly regarded 
definitive study, the author had continued expansion and revision 
until shortly before his terminal illness in 1963. The first three 
chapters were completely rewritten with revised taxonomy, with keys, 
expanded zoogeofra'^hy with distribution maps, paleontology and 
phyloger^y. Other additional material has been interspersed in the 
rest of the text and a considerably supplemental bibliography has 
been appended. 

The verj' detailed table of contents and the full index make for 
facile selective hunting of iafonnation. But because the content 
is of intrinsic interest and because its presentation is simple, 
direct and supplied v.'ith extrinsic interest, one just reads on 
and on. 

Botanists in the field v/ishin^; more information than is provided 
in most field guides and those within academic walls .Yill find this 
work of great learning value to themselves and to their stuaents. 



"EVOLUTIOkAHY bTUDIEb IK .-iO'.ai) CROPS: Diversity and Change in the 
Indian Subcontinent" edited by Sir Joseph liutchinson, viii &; 
175 pp., illus., Cambridge University Press, London NmI 2DB 
and New York, M. Y. 10022. 197U. U1.95. 

This condensed careful study summarizes for the interested 
reading public the Symposium held in Nev/ Delhi in 1970 on Crop 
Plant Evolution set against the time scale of agricultural devel- 
opment. 

"The evolutionary changes in Indian crop plants here re- 
corded [west Asian wheat and barley, south Asian and African rice, 
Coix, rape, mustard, castor bean, pigeon pea, cotton, okra, Solanum 
nigrum , and l^evr ".orld maize, grain amaranths and potatoes] have 
gone on in response to the needs of an agricultural system that 
changed only slowly over the past 1(500 years . The rate of change 



l;2h PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. h 

has increased eaonnously in the last twenty years, and the needs . 
of the new a=-riculture for suitable varieties will only be met in 
so far as genetic change matches changes in the crop environment.. 

M'T'he so-called Green Revolution is fundarrientally a fertility 
ravolution." That dwarf k'exican wheat produces its high yields 
in India only under heavy fertilization and irrigation. 

The book is composed of fourteen papers by Indian scientists 
on paleobotany and specific crops and two evaluating ones by the 
famous ingiish editor. It has a valuable bibliography and index. 
It is also available in even less expensive paper binding in 
ELBS countries . 



"kUAY. COn;iIGIL\!,'.: Botanist and Explorer" by W. G. KcLIinn, viii & 
ll;7 pp., ilJus., L'elbourne University Press, Carlton, Victo- 
ria 3053, Australia; also ISBS Inc. of London &: of Zion, 
Illinois 60099. 1970. :;i;a.20 Australian. 

This is a succinctly and carefully vrritten account of Gunning- 
ham as a scientist and therefore of his training, his exploratory 
travels first to Brazil and then "Down Under" and his associa- 
tions with his mentor. Sir Josepn Banks, and others and as a 
human being who was precise, ld.nd, sensitive (really supersensi- 
tive) and tremendously industrious despite lingering physical 
limitations. "The most striking feature of Cunningham's charac- 
ter was a concern for detail and propriety." His faithfully 
kept journal, his plant iiiti'oductions, and his herbarium at Kew 
vouchsafe the value of his scientifjc contributions. 

People interested in the plants and places bearing his name 
or his studji' will find this book interesting and carefully docu- 
mented v;ith notes and bibliography and well indexed. 



"HOV: TO KIIOV; /.'ILB fruits: a Guide to Plants Vv'hen Not in Flower by 
I,:eans of P'ruit and Leaf" by V,aude Gridley Peterson, Ixvi & 
3U0 pp., illus.. Facsimile Edition for Dover Publications, 
Inc., New York, M. Y. lOOlU, 1973. $3.00 paperbound. 

Originally published in 190^ and covering the Gray's "Ivlanual" 
area, thir. unabridged republication v/ill be a real asset to the 
growing number of amateur naturalists and ecologically oriented 
students who vronder what that attractively berried herb or sl'urub 
or tree is. The simple keys, descriptions, and'80 illustrations 
are still helpful. The nomenclature has been brought up to date 
in an addition£-l outline by E. S. Harrar who follows basically 
the 3th edition of Gray's "Llanual", v/hile the book originally 
rollo\'red the 6th edition. 



PHYTOLOGIA :;r^- 

Designed to expedite botanical publication 
Vol.28 September, 1974 No. 5 

CONTENTS 

MOLDENKE, H. N., A fifth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, 
Stilbaceac, Dicrastylidaceae, Symphuremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, 
and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic 

distribution, and synonymy. Supplement 4 425 

MOLDENKE, H. N., Notes on new and noteworthy plants. LXX. 466 

FOSBERG, P. R., & FALANRUW, M. V. C, A new Micronesian 

Terminalia (Combretaceae) 469 

FOSBERG, F. R., & SACHET, M.-H., A new variety of Fagraea Berteriana 

(Gentianaceae) 470 

EDWIN, G., & WOODEN, H. S., A new slipper flower from southern 

Peru 473 

RUDD, V. E., A resume of the genus Tipuana ( Leguminosae ) 475 

HALE, M. E., Jr., Bulbothrix, Parmelina, Relicina, and Xanthoparmelia, 

four new genera in the Parmeliaceae (Lichenes) 479 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). 

CXXVI. A new species of Ageratum 491 

KING, R. M., & ROBINSON, H., Studies in the Eupatorieae (Asteraceae). 
CX XVIII. Four additions to the genus Ageratina from Mexico 

and Central America 494 

MOLDENKE, A. L., Book reviews 503 

Index to authors in Volume Twenty-eight 506 

Index to supraspecific scientific names in Volume Twenty-eight 506 

Publication dates for Volume Twenty-eight 512 



Published by Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L. Moldenke 

303 Parkside Road 

Plainfield, New Jersey 07060 

U.S.A. 

Price of this number $1.50; per volume, $9.00 in advance or $9.50 
at close of volume; 75 cents extra to foreign addresses 



k FIFTH SUMMARY OF THE VKRBBNACSAE , AVICEintLACEAE , STILBACSAE , 

DICRASTYLIDACBAE , SYMPHORa^ACgAE . KICTAWrHACEAL , AND 

ERIOGAUUCEAE OF Tm: WORLD AS TO VALID TAIA, GFX)GRAPHIC 

DISTRIBUTION, AND SYNONYMY. SUPPLEMEIfr U 

Harold N. Holdenke 



Since the publication of Supplement 3 in Phytologia 26: 356 — 
377 laat year a vast amount of new material has come to light 
which will be of vulue to the many users of my "Fifth Summary" 
(1971) . Some of this new material comes from the excellent bo- 
tanical researches being conducted on these groups by Santiago 
Ldpez-PalacioB in Venezuela and Nelida Troncoso in Argentina and 
from the excellent breeding and genetic work l)y Otto Solbrig on 
the Glandular la group of Verbena. 

Since Supplement 3 went to press I have been able to examlna 
7,101 additional herbarium specliaena of these groups chiefly 
from the United States National Herbarium, the herbaria of the 
UnlTeraities of Arizona, Colorado, Texas, Wisconaln, Aarhus, 
Brasilia, Cairo, Calicut, Karachi, Peradenlya, and ZUrich, the 
Missouri and New York Botanical Gardens, the Oakes Ames Econcmlc 
Museum, and certain private herbaria. These specimens have 
brought to light hundreds of new geographic records and even 
several now xindescribed tajca, particularly since some represent 
the collections recently made along the newly opened portions 
of the Pan-Ameidcan Highway and the new Trans-Amazonian Highways 
of Brazil. 

Continued Investigation has revealed the necessity for chang- 
ing the taxonomic rank of several well-known species to variety 
or form and several taxa have had to be resurrected from the 
syTaonymy into iriiich they had previously been sunk, especially in 
the genera Lippia , Phyla , and Stachytarpheta . 

SeveraC hundred changes and/or additions have bad to be made 
in the listing of rejected names because of the above-mentioned 
changes in status and because of the wealth of new botanical and 
horticultural literature which has been reviewed, largely by ay 
wife, Alma L. Moldenke, in which so many additional errors in 
spelling and/or accredition have been found, sone of which could 
be most confusing to workers not expert in the group and ^lich 
therefore might be copied and perpetuated in the mistaken belief 
of their validity. 

It is manifestly impraotical for me to attempt to correct the 
printed and typewritten annotations made by me over the past U6 
years on such of the 223,1432 herbarium specimens thus far examined 
by me as may be involved in these and other recent name-changes, 
since these specimens are scattered in no less than 306 herbaria 
all over the world. I shall have to depend on the curators of 
these herbaria, if they wish to do so or feel it worthwhile to 
do so, to make the pi*oper changes based on the Information presen- 

U25 



U26 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 5 

ted In these Supplements and in mj vaidous generic monographs 
and their supplements which appear regularly on the pages of 
this journal. 

Herbarium voucher citations for the new distribution records 
and bibliographic citations for the new rejected names will, as 
usual, be found in nQr generic monographs and/or their supple- 
ments . 

Addenda & errata to Part I: 

Wherever the name " S tachy tarpheta australls Moldenke" occurs, 
it should be changed to S. dlchotoma (Ruiz &. Pav.) Vahlj wherever 
" Stachytarpheta australls f . albiflora Moldenke" occurs, it should 
be changed to S. dlchotoma f . albiflora (Moldenke) Moldenkej whera- 
ver " StachytarpHeta australls var. neocaledonlca Moldenke" occurs, 
it should be changed to S^ dlchotoma var. neocaledonlca (Moldenke) 
Moldenkej wherever " Premna gaudlchaudli Scliau." occurs it should 
be changed to P. obtusifolla var. gaudlchaudli (Schau.) Moldenkej 
wherever " Aegiphila integrifolla (Jacq.) Jacks." occurs it should 
be changed to A. integrifolla (Jacq.) Jacq.j and wherever "Vltex 
altlssiaa f , alata (Willd.) Moldenke" occurs it shoiild be changed 
to "V. altiasima f. Juv, alata (Willd.) Moldenke, Wherever 
"Kpyama" occurs as an authority it should be changed to "T. Koy- 
ama". Where "l^ore" occurs as the name of an Indian state it 
should be changed to "Kamataka", where "Ceylon" occurs it should 
be changed to "Sri Lanka", and where "Democratic Republic of the 
Congo" appears it should be changed to "Zaire". 
CANAM: 

Nova Scotia: 

Eriocatilon pellucidun Kickx. [Madame Island] 
Quebec: 

Verbena hastata L. [Wolfe Coun-ty] 
Ontario: 

Erlocaulon pellucidum Michx. [Periy Sound Districtj Big Is- 
land] 
Verbena hastata L. [Big Chicken Island] 

Verbena hastata f . caeirulea Moldenke — delete the asterisk 
Verbena strlcta Vent. [Frontexiao County] 
UNITED STATES OF AMEEIICA: 
New Hampshire: 

Erlocaulon pellucidum Michx. [Sullivan County] 
Veimont: 

Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. [Caledonia & Rutland Coun- 

tles] 
xVerbena engelmannll Moldenke [Rutland & Windson Counties] 
Connecticut: 
Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. [New Haven County] 
xVerbena rydbergli Moldenke [New Haven County] 



19 7U Moldenke, Fifth Sunnaiy SvQ>plement U27 

Now Torlct 

Erlooavilon parkeri B. L. Roblnaon [lona & Rogers Islands] 

Verbena officinalis var. prostrata Gron. 8c Godr, [llbany & 
Queens Counties] 
Now Jersey: 

Eriocaulon decangulare f . jMLrriceps Moldenke [Burlington & 
Ocean Counties ] 

Eriocaulon pellucidum liichx, [Hudson & Passaic Counties] 
Pennsylvania : 

Verbena aiaplex Lehm. [Monroe County] 

Verbena atricta Vent, [Luzerne & Montgcnery Counties] 

Verbena tirticifolla var. leiocarpa Perry & Femald [Montgaa- 
ery County] 
Maryland : 

Eriocaulon decangiilare L. [Wicooico County] 

Eriocaulon decangulare f , parvicep>a Moldenke [Harford St 
Prince Georges Counties] 

Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene [Plummer's Island] 

Verbena brae tea ta Lag, & Rodr. [Baltimore City] 

Verbena hastata L. [Plumner's Island] 

Verbena hastata f , caemlea Moldenke [Prince Georges County] 

Verbena officinalis L, [Charles County] 

Verbena simplex Lehn, [Plummer's Island] 

Verbena urticifolia L, [Plumner's Island] 

Verbena urticifolia var, leiocarpa Perry Sc Femald [Frederick 
County] 
District of Columbia: 

Eriocaulon decamgulare var . ainor Moldenke 

Eriocaulon decangulsure f . parviceps Moldenke 

xVerbena engelmannli Moldenke 
Virginia: 

Callicarpa aaericana L, [Lancaster County] 

Eriocaulon decangulare L, [Prince George County] 

Eriocaulon parkeri B, L. Robinson [Alexandria City] 

Eriocaulon pellucidum Michx. [Fairfax County] 

Verbena officinalis L. [Alexandria City] 

Verbena simplex Lehm. [Culpeper County] 

Verbena urticifolia L. [Arlington Sc Prince William Counties] 
North Carolina: 

Eriocaulon decangulare L, [Chowan County] 

Eriocaulon decangulare var. minor Moldenke [Lincoln County] 

Eriocaulon decangulare f . parviceps Moldenke [Brunswick, Bun- 
combe, Catawba, Columbus, Dare, Jackson, New Hanover, Onslow, 
Pender, Rowan, &. Sampson Counties] 

Vitex agnuB-castua L. [Rockingham County] 
South Carcllnt: 

Callicarpa americana L. [Jasper County] 



U28 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 5 

Erlocattlon decangulare f . parvlceps Moldenke [Anderson, Clar- 
endon, & Lancaster Counties] 

Lantana camara L. [Beaufort & Orangeburg Counties] 

Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene [Hony County] 

Verbena bonarienais L. [Colleton County] 
Georgia: 

Eriocaulon decangulare L. [Camden & Chatham Counties] 

Eriocanlon decangulare f . parvlceps Moldenke [Columbia, Doug- 
las, Lee, Stmter, & Wilcox Counties] 

Lantana tiliaefolia Cham. 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Clinch County] 
Florida: 

Callicarpa americana L. [Hendry County] 

Duranta repena L. [Holmes & Lee Counties] 

Eriocaulon conqpressum Lam, [Brevard, Calhoun, & Putnam Coun:- 
ties] 

Eriocaulon compressum var. harperi Moldenke [Highlands i Os- 
ceola Counties] 

Eriocaulon decangulare L. [Washington County j Saint Vincent 
Island] 

Eriocaulon decangulare var, latifolium Chapm. [Marion County] 

Eriocaiilon decangulare f . parvlceps Moldenke [Manatee County] 

Eriocaulon lineare Small [delete "Santa Rosa"] 

Eriocaulon lineare var. gigas Moldenke [Santa Rosa County]* 

Eriocaulon ravenelii Chapm. [Martin County] 
Alabama: 

Eriocaulon decangulare L. [Butler County] 

Eriocaulon decangulare var. latifolium Chapm. [Baldwin Coun- 

Eriocaulon decangulare f . parviceps Moldenke [Cherokee Coun- 

ty] 
Eriocaulon lineare Small [Covington & Houston Counties] 

Lachnocaulon digynum Kom. [Conecuh, Escambia, &. Washington 
Counties] 

Lachnocaulon minus (Chapn.) Small [Covington & Houston Coun- 
ties] 

Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. [Mobile County] 

Lantana tiliaefolia Cham. [Mobile County] 
Mississippi: 

Clerodendrum indioum (L.) Kuntze [George County] 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. reptans (Spreng.) Moldenke [Jackson 
County] 

Phyla nodiflora var, texensis Moldenke [Bolivar County] 

Verbena xntha Lehm. [Wilkinson Cotmty] 
Illinois: 

Verbena canadensis (L«) Brit ton [Monroe County] 



197U Moldenke, Fifth S\mnary Supplement U29 

xVerbena engelmaonli Moldenke [Hardin Coainty] 

xVerbena mo echina Moldenke [Hardin County] 

xVerbena rydbergii Moldenke [Jackson County] 
Indiana: 

Eriocaulon pellucidiMB Michx, [Marshall Covmty] 
Michigan: 

Er iocaulon pellucidum Michx, [Vilas Co^mty] 

Verbena xirtlcifolia var, aimpltg Fanrell [Oakland, Tuscola, & 
Wayne Counties]* 
Wisconsin: 

Eriocaxilon pellu cidvm Michx. [Shaweno County] 

xVerbena rydbergii Moldenke [Juneau, Lafayette, fr. Richland 
Counties ] 
Minnesota: 

Eriocaulon pellucidum Michx, [Lake County] 

Verbena hastata L, [Mahnomen Coxmty] 
South Dakota: 

Verbena brae tea ta Lag, & Rodr. [Jackson County] 

Verbena hastata var. scabra Moldenke [Washabaugh County] 
Kansas: 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodi flora var, texensis Moldenke [Stafford County] 
Missouri: 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodi flora var. texensis Moldenke [Dunklin Co\inty] 

xVerbena deapii Moldenke [Butler County] 
Arkansas : 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var, texensis Moldenke [Arkansas, Faulkner, 
Hempstead, Little River, Miller, & Pulaski Counties] 

Verbena brasiliensis Veil, [Ashley County] 

xVerbena stuprosa Moldenke [Clay County]* 
Louisiana: 

Callicarpa americana L, [Ouachita Parish] 

Eriocaiilon decangulare var. minor Moldenke [Jackson Parish] 

Eriocaulon decangulare f . parviceps Moldenke [Allen, Beaxire- 
gard, Natchitoches, Rapides, Saint Tauniar^y, & Vernon Parishes] 

Phyla incis a Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var, incisa (Small) Moldenke [Bossier Parish] 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [LaSalle, Natchitoches, 
Plaquemines, Rapides, Saint Bernard, Sevier, te Vermillion Par- 
ishes; Chandeleur Island] 

Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt, [Orleans Parish] 
Colorado : 

Verbena brae tea ta Lag, & Rodr. [Alamosa, Baca, Moffat, & Park 
Counties] 

Verbena hastata var. scabra Moldenke [Boulder, Denver, Las Ani- 
mas, & Weld Counties'] 



U30 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. 5 

Verbena strlcta Vent. [Sedgwick County] 
Nebraska: 

Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene [Oteo County] 

Varbena hastata L. [Cherry County] 
Oklahoma: 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodlflora var. texenals Uoldehke [Bryan, Caddo, Cleve- 
land, Comanche, Creek, Grear, Kay, Kingfisher, Logan, Ma3>- 
shall, McClain, McCurtain, Murray, Muskogee, Noble, Oklaho- 
ma, Osage, Payne, Pontotoc, Seminole, Sequoyah, & Tulsa 
Counties; Nunber 3 Island] 

Verbena ambrosifolla f . eglandulosa Periy [Cimarron County] 

Vitex negundo L. [Marshall County] 
Texas: 

Aloys ia gratissima var, schulzae (Standi.) Moldenke [Dim- 
mitt County] 

Eriocaulon decang:»lare f . parviceps Moldenke [Austin, Hender- 
son, Smith, & Waller Counties] 

Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. [Dallas County] 

Phyla cuneifolia (Torr.) Greene [Childress & Hudspeth Coun- 
ties] 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodi flora var. incisa (Small) Moldenke [Bell, Brazoria, 
Brooks, Cameron, Colorado, Comal, El Paso, Fayette, Harris, 
Kenedy, ELeberg, Lavaca, Nueces, Reeves, San Patricio, Val 
Verde, & Willacy Counties] 

Phyla nodiflora var. reptans (Spreng.) Moldenke [Briscoe & 
Somervell Coimties] 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Angelina, Austin, Bas- 
trop, Bell, Bexar, Bosque, Bowie, Brazoria, Brazos, Brewster, 
Brooks, Brown, Burnet, Calhoun, Callahan, Cameron, Cass, Co- 
lorado, Comal, Coryell, Cottle, Crockett, Dallas, Denton, 
Eastland, Edwards, Ellis, El Paso, Erath, Falls, Fayette, 
Fort Band, Frio, Galveston, Garza, Gillespie, Goliad, Gonza- 
les, Grayson, Gregg, Harris, Hays, Hidalgo, Hill, Howard, 
Hudspeth, Jackson, Jefferson, Jim Hogg, Johnson, Karnes, 
Kendall, Kenedy, Kerr, Kimble, Kinney, Kleberg, Lampasas, La 
Salle, Lavaca, Matagorda, Maverick, McLennan, Medina, Mid- 
land, Mitchell, Montague, Montgomery, Navarro, Nueces, Palo 
Alto, Parker, Pecos, Presidio, Reagan, Reeves, Refugio, Rob- 
ertson, Runnels, San Patricio, Schleicher, Somervell, Starr, 
Tarrant, Taylor, Terrell, Throckmorton, Tom Green, Travis, 
Uvalde, Val Verde, Victoria, Walker, Washington, Webb, Whar- 
ton, Wichita, Willacy, Williamson, Wilson, & Zapaca Counties; 
EL Toro, High, Horse, & Steppingstone Islands] 

Verbena ambrosifolia Rydb, [Zavala County] 

Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. [Childress County] 
New Mexico: 

Aloysia wrightii (A . Gray) Heller [Ed^ Co\inty] 



19 7U Moldenke, Fifth Stamaary Supplement k21 

Phyla ciinelfolla (Torr.) Greene [Guadelupe 4 Roosevelt Coun- 
ties] 
Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. incisa (Small) lioldenke [Dona Ana County] 
Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Dona Ana, Bdc^y, Luna, 
Otero, & Socorro Counties] 

Verbena anbrosifolia Rydb, [Catron & Haiviing Counties] 
Verbena bracteata Lag. & Rodr. [Roosevelt County] 
Verbena gooddingii Briq. [Sandoval County] 
Verbena macdougal 1 1 f , albiflora Moldenke [Sainta Fe County] 
Verbena plicata Greene [Chaves County] 
Verbena wrightii A* Gray [Hidalgo County 
Arizona: 

Alcysia ^^ratissiaa var. schulzae (Standi.) Moldenke [Pima 

County] 
Aloysia wrightii (A . Gray) Heller [Santa Crue County] 
Phyla cuneifolia (Toit.) Greene [Apache County] 
Phyla incisa Sanall — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Apache, Plaa, & J\mtL 
Counties] 
Verbena ciliata Benth. [Pinal County] 
California; 

Ply la incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Fresno, Imperial, 
Kern, Kings, Merced, Sacramento, San Diego, San Joaquin, San- 
ta Barbara, Stanislaus, & Tulare Counties] 
Verbena lasiostachys Link [Alpine County] 
MEHCO: 

Lantana camara L. [Quer4taro & Yucatdn] 
Lantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke [Puebla] 
Lantana camara var. mista (L.) L. H. Bailey [Morelos] 
Lantana camara var. moritziana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacio8 

[Chiapas, Hidalgo, &; Veracmz] 
Liintana glandulosisslaa Hayek [Hidalgo] 
Lantana maxima Hayek [Chiapaa] 

Lantana rrioritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 
Lippia callicarpaefolla H.E.K. [Chiapas] 
Lippia typoleia Briq. — to be deleted 

Lippia h^-poleia var. ovatifolia Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lippia myriocephala Schlecht. & Cham. [Jalisco] 
Lippia myriocephala var. hypoleia (Briq.) Moldenke [Chiapaa, Hi- 
dalgo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosl, Tam- 
aulipas, & Veracruz] 
Lipp ia nyriocephala var. ovatifolia (Moldenke) Moldenke [Chiapaa] 
Lithophytim violaceim T. S. Brandeg . [Puebla]* 
Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 
Phyla nodiflora var. canescens (H.B.K,) Moldenke [San Luis Potosf] 



U32 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Phyla nodlflora var, incisa (Small) Moldenke [Chihuahua, Jal- 
isco, & Sonora] 

Phyla nodlflora var, texensis Moldenke [Baja California, Chi- 
huahua, Coahuila, Durango, Federal District, Guerrero, Hid- 
algo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, 
& Veracruz] 

Stachytarpheta fjrantzii var. mollissima Moldenke [Chiapas] 

Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt. [Zacatecas] 

Verbena Carolina f ♦ albiflora Moldenke [Oaxaca] 

Verbena halei Small [Zacatecas] 

Verbena litoralis var. albiflora Moldenke [Chiapas] 

Verbena teucriifolia var, corollulata Perry [Puebla] 
BAY OF CAMPECHE ISLANDS: 

Cithareaylum ellipticTam SessS & Moc, [Sacrificios Island] 
GU&TEMALA: 

CornafcL a lilac ina Moldenke [Escuintla] 

Lantana camara var, moritziana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacios 
TsacatepJquez & Sololi^J 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 

Lippia chiapasensis Loes, [Guatemala] 

Lippia graveolens H.B.K. [Baja Verapaz] 

Lippia hypolela Briq, — to be deleted 

Lippia hypolela var. ovatifolia Moldenke — to be deleted 

Lippia myriocephala var, hypolela (Briq,) Moldenke [Alta 
Verapaz, Baja Verapaz, EL Pet6n, & San Marcos] 

Lippia myriocephala var, ovatifolia (Moldenke) Moldenke [EL 
Progreso] 

Priva lappulacea (L,) Pers, [Baja Verapaz] 

Stact^'-barpheta frantzii var, mollissima Moldenke [Jutiapa & 
Santa Rosa] 
BRITISH HONDURAS; 

Lippia hypolela Briq, — to be deleted 

Lippia myriocephala var. hypolela (Briq.) Moldenke 

Paepalanthus belizensis Moldenke* 
BRITISH HONDURAN ISUNDS: 

Avicennia germioans (L,) L. [Northiiest Cay] 

Stachytarphe ta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl [Middle & Southwest Cays] 
HONDURAS: 

Cornutia lilacina Moldenke [Cortes] 

Lantana camara var, moritziana (Otto & Dietr,) Lfipez-Palacios 
[Santa Barbara] 

Lippia cardiostegi a Benth . [Lenpira] 

Lippia hypolela Briq, — to be deleted 

Lippia myriocephala var, hypolela (Briq,) Moldenke [Comayagua, 
EL Paraiso, & Morazin] 

Petrea volubilis L, [Yoro] 

Stachytarphe ta frantzii var. mollissima Moldenke [Copin, Ocote- 
p5que, & Santa B^bara] 



197U Moldenke, Fifth Summaiy Supplement U33 

BAT ISLANDS: 

Phyla nodi flora (L.) Greene 
EL SALVADOR: 

Lippia hprpolela Briq. — to be deleted 

Llppia myriocepbala var, hypoleia (Briq.) Moldenke [San Salva- 
dor & Samta Ana] 
NICARAOTIA: 

Lippia cardlostegia Denth. [Le6n t Maaaya] 

Lippia hypoleia Briq. — to be deleted 

Lippia myriocephala var, hypoleia (Briq.) Moldenke [Chontalea & 
Matagalpa] 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodi flora var, texenaia Moldenke [Granada & Zelaya] 

Stachytarpheta frantzii var, mollissima Uoldenke [Managua] 
COSTA RICA: 

Citharexylum caudatum L, [San Joafi] 

Lantana camara var, moritziana (Otto t Dietr.) Lfipez-Palacioa 
[Puntarenas] 

Lantana lopez-palacii Moldenke [Cartago] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 

Lippia controveraa Moldenke [Guanacaate] 

Lippia hypoleia Briq, — to be deleted 

Lippia myriocephala var, hypoleia (Briq,) Moldenke [Cartago, 
Guanacaate, & San Joa6] 

Phyla nodi flora var, texenais Moldenke [Puntarenaa] 

Stachytarpheta frantzii var. aolliaaima Moldenke [Guanacaate] 
PANAMA: 

Aegiphila anomala Pittier [Bocaa del Toro & PanamA] 

Aloyaia virgata var, platyphylla (Briq,) Moldenke [Herrera] 

Lantana camara var, moritziana (Otto & Dietr,) L6pez-Palacio8 
[Bocaa del Toro, Canal Zone, Chiriqol, Cocl6, Herrera, Pana- 
mi, & Veraguaaj Shepherd I a land] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 

Phyla inciaa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodi flora var, texenais Moldenke [Canal Zone & Col6n] 

Vitex maaoniana Pittier [Choc6] 
BERMUDA ISLANDS: 

Phyla inciaa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora var. texenaia Moldenke [Saint Georgea] 
BAHAMA ISLANDS: 

Gallic arpa americana L, [Abaco & North Andrea] 

Lantana involucrata f , mbella Moldenke [Eaat Plana] 

Priva lappulacea (L,) Pera, [Cat] 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensia (L.) Vahl [Cat] 
CUBA: 

Ouranta fletcheiriana Moldenke — delete the aatariak 
CAUKlTTslAjnSST 

Stacliytarpheta Jamalcenaia (L,) Vsdil [Little Cayman] 



U3U P H Y T LO G I A Vol. 28, no. $ 

PALOMINrOS ISUND: 

Clthare:xylum fraticoflim L. 

Daranta fletcheriana Molderike 

Lantana involucrata L. 
CAJA DE MUERTO ISLAND: 

Cithare:xylum fimticosum L. 

Duranta repena L. 
DESBCHO ISUND: 

Duranta repens L. 
VIRGIN ISUNDS: 

Avicennia germinana (L.) L, [Virgin Gorda] 

Citharexyliag fruticosvim var. subvillosum Moldenke [Jost Van 
Dyke] 

Clerodendrum actileatun (L.) Schlecht, [Jost Van Dyke] 

Lantana involucrata f , rubella Moldenke [Saint Croix] 
LEEWAHD ISUNDS: 

Bouchea prisiaatlca var, brevirostra Grenz. [Guadalupe] 
WINDWARD ISUNDS: 

Duranta repena L. [Saint Vincent] 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolia f « albiflora Moldenke [Martinique] 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 

CithareaylTm spinosum L. [Little Tobago] 

Lantana camara var. moritzlana (Otto & Dietr.) Ldpez-Palacios 
[Trinidad] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 

Priva lappulacea (L.) Pers. [Little Tobago] 
SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS ANTILLES: 

Lantana camara var. moritziana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacio8 
[Curasao] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 
NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICAN ISUNDS: 

Lantana camara var. moritziana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacio8 
tMargarita] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr, — to be deleted 
COLOMBIA: 

Aegiphila caucensis Moldenke [Valle del Cauca] 

A^iphila elata Sw, [Tolima] 

Aegiphila grandis Moldenke [delete "Caqueti"] 

Aegiphila guianenais Eoldenke — to be deleted 

Aegiphila integrifolia var, guianenais (Moldenke) L6pez- 
Palacios [CaquetA, Choc6, Cimdinamarca, MSta, & Valle del 
Cauca] 

Aegiphila moldenkeana L6pez-Palacios [CaquetA] 

Aegiphila mollis var, puberulenta (Moldenke) L6pez-Palacio8 
[Atl&atico, Bol£var, Choc6, Magdalena, & M^ta] 

Aegiphila puberulenta Moldenke — to be deleted 

Bouchea boyacana Moldenke [Guajira] 

Cithare:(ylum bullatum Moldenke [Gundinamarca]-» 



197h Moldenke, Fifth Sunsaary Supplement 1*35 

Citharexylum pooppigli Walp, [Putumayo] 
Gomutla mlcrocalyclna Pavon £t Koidenke [Bolivar] 
Comutia mlcrocalyclna var. pulverulenta Koidenke [K^ta] 
Erlocaulon mlc rocephalua H.3.K. [Cundlnaoarca] 
Lantana boyacana Holdenke — to be deleted 

Lantana camara vur. morltzlana (Otto i Dletr.) Lfipez-Palacioa 
[Antloqpiia, Atldntico, Bolivar, BoyacA, Caldaa, CacjuetA, 
Cauca, Cundinamarca, Guajira, Huila, Magdalena, M6ta, Norte 
de Santander, Putamayo, Sauitandar, Tolima, & Valle del Cauca] 
Lantana cpjabenais var. punctata koidenke — to be deleted 
Lantana fucata Lindl . [Santander] 
Lantana fucata f . albiflora Koidenke [Santander] 
Lantana lopaz-palacii Moldenke [Antioquia, Boyaci, Cauca, Cun- 

dinamarca, Huila, Santander, & Valle del Cauca] 
Lantana morltzlana Otto & Dletr, — to be deleted 
Lantana rugulosa H.B.K. [Norte de Santander & Tollma] 
Lantana rugulosa f , albiflora Moldenke [Tollnia] 
Llppia hlrauta L. f . [Caldas] 
Lippla morltzii Turcz. — to be deleted 
Paepalanthus columblenais R\ihl. [Antioquia] 
Paepalanthus faaciculatua f . sphaero cephalus Herzog [Vaup^s] 
Phyla nodi flora var. caneacens (H.B.K.) Moldenke [Guajlra] 
Phyla atrigvilosa var, aerioea (Kuntze) Moldenke [AtlAnticoJ 
Stachytarpheta angustifolla f . elatlor (Schrad.) L6pez-Palacio8 

[Giiajira, Magdalena, & Vichada] 
Stachytarpheta elatlor Schrad. — to be deleted 
Syngonanthua cauleacens var, anguatlfollua Holdenke — delete 

the asterisk 
Verbena lltoralia H.B.K. [Putumayo] 

Vitex orinocenaia vai-, multiflora (Miq.) Huber [Cundinamarca] 
VENEZUELA: 

Aegiphila bogotenais var. aequlnoc t ialla Moldenke [Mdrida] 
Aegiphlla elata var, macrophylla (H.B,K,) L6pez-?alaclo3 [M6r- 

ida] 
Aegiphila glandullfera Moldenke [M^rida] 
Aegiphlla grandis Moldenke [Trujillo] 
Aegiphila guianenais Moldenke — to be deleted 
Aegiphila integrtfolia var, guianenais (Moldenke) L6pez-Palacios 
[Amazonas, Apure, Barinas, Carabobo, Guirico, M^rida, & Tru- 
jillo] 
Aegiphila leirisiana Moldenke [M^rida] 
Aegiphlla mollis var. intermedia Moldenke [M^rida] 
Aegiphlla mollis var, puberulenta (Moldenke) L6pez-Palacio3 

[Aragvia] 
Aegiphlla puberulenta Moldenke — to be deleted 
Aegiphlla quinduensis (H,B,K,) Moldenke [M4rida] 
Aegiphila sessiliflora Moldenke — to be deleted 
Aegiphila temifoHa f , oppositifolia Lfipez-Palaoioa [Trujillo] 



U36 PHTTOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. $ 

Aeglphila venezuelensla var, a errata Moldenke [Aragua] 
Bouchea prismatlca var. longirostra Gi^nz. [Sucre] 
Cltharejylum datrel Moldenke [delete "Delta Amacuro"] 
Cithare^lum decoiam Moldenke [Delta Amacuro] 
Cltharexylum dryanderae Moldenke — to be deleted 
x Clthare^lum hybrldum Moldenke [Falc6n] 
Cithstre^grlum mlrlfollam Moldenke [delete "Falc6n"] 
Cltharexylum poepplgll Walp, [M^rida] 
Githareaylum subflavesoena Blake [Trujillo] 
Cltharexylum venezuelenae Moldenke [M^rlda & Tichlra] 
Clerodendrum philipplnMm Schau. [Delta Amacuro] 
Dnranta repens L. [Delta Amacuro] 
Lantana araata Schau. [Falc6n, Monagas, tc Sucre] 
Lantana armata var. velutlna Moldenke [Falc6n & Sucre] — de- 
lete the asterisk 
Lantana boyacana Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana camara var. moritalana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacios 
[Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolfvar, Carabobo, Delta Amacu- 
ro, Falc6n, Federal District, GuArico, Lara, M^rida, Miran- 
da, Sucre, & Tichira] 
Lantana camara var. mutabills (Hook.) L. H. Bailey [Sucre] 
Lantana caraoaBana Turcz. [Carabobo] 
Lantana glaadulosisslma Hayek — to be deleted 
Lantana hispida H.B.K. — to be deleted 
Lantana maxima Hayek [Carabobo St Zulia] 
Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr. — to be deleted 
Lantana pittieri Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana trifolia f , birsuta Moldenke [Monagas & Tichira] 
Lantana velutina Mairt. & Gal. — to be deleted 
Lippia hlrsuta L. f . [Aragua, Federal DLstrlct, Lara, M^rida, 

Miranda, & Trujillo] 
Lippia linearis H,B.K. — to be deleted 
Lippia alcromera Schau, [Delta Amacuro & Trujillo] 
Lippia moritzii' Turcz , — to be deleted 
Lippia 8 chomburgkiana Schau , — to be deleted 
Paepalanthus formosus Moldenke — delete the asterisk 
Paepalanthus sessiliflorus var. venezuelensis Moldenke [Bol£- 

var]* 
Petrea glandulosa Pittier [Trujillo] 
Phyla linearis (H.B.K,) Ldpez-Palacios [Sucre]* 
Phyla etrigulosa (Mart. & Gal.) Moldenke [Federal District] 
Phyla strigulosa var. sericea (Kuntze) Moldenke [Falc6n] 
Priva lappulaoea f . albiflora Moldenke [Delta Amacuro] 
Stachytarpheta angustifolia f . elatior (Schrad.) L6pez-Palaci- 

os [Bolivar, Gufirlco, & Monagas] 
Stachytarpheta angustifolia f . jenmani (Moldenke) Moldenke [Ap- 
ure, Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes, Gufrlco, & Mlrida] 



197U Uoldanke, Fifth Sunmaxy Supplemsnt U37 

Staohytarpheta dichotona (RuIb & Pav.) Vahl [Mirida] 
Stachytarpheta dlchotoma f . albl flora (Moldenke) Uoldenke [Del- 
ta Amacuro & Uonagas] 
S tac hytarphe ta elatlor Schrad, — to be deleted 
3 tac hytarphe ta elatlor Tar. Jemanl Moldenke — to be deleted 
S tac hy tarphe ta Jamalcanals (L.) Vahl [Monagas] 
Stachytarpheta mutabllls (Jacq.) Vahl [AnzoAtegul] 
Stachytarpheta trlnltenala Moldenke [Sucre] 
Vltex stahelll Moldenke [delete "Amazonas" and "Barlnaa"] 
QDTANA: 

Aeglphlla cow&nl Moldenke* 

Aaglphlla galanensls Moldenke — to be deleted 

Aeglphlla Integrlfolla var, gulanensls (Moldenke) L6pez-Palac- 

los 
Amasonla laalocauloa Mart, & Schau, 

Lantana camara var. morltzlana (Otto & Dletr.) Lfipez-Palacica 
Lantamt morltzlana Otto & Dletr . — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta anguatlfolla f , elatlor (Schrad.) L6pe2-^alaclo8 
Stachytarpheta anguatlfolla f , Jeimanl (Moldenke) Moldenke 
Staclytarpheta elatlor Schrad. — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta elatlor var. Jemanl Moldenke — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta lythrophylla Schau, 
Stachyta rp heta roralmeneis Moldenke — to be deleted 
Syngon anthus glemdulosus var. epapllloaua Moldenke 
SURIN^! 

A^lphlla mollis var. Intermedia Moldenke 

Stachytarpheta angviBtlfolla f , elatlor (Schrad.) L6pe2-Palaclo8 
Stachytarpheta elatlor Schrad, — to be deleted 
Syngonanthus fertllls (Korn.) Ruhl, 
Vltex panshlnlana Moldenke 
ECUADOR: 

Aeglphlla bogotensls var, ae qulnoc tl alls Moldenke — delete the 

asterisk 
Aeglphlla multl flora Ruiz i Pav, [Guayas] 
Lantana canara var, morltzlana (Otto & Dletr,) L6pez-Palaclos 

[Chlinborazo, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Gviayas, Loja, Los Rlos, Nj?)©- 

Pastaza, Plchlncha, & Tunguragua] 
Lantan a morltzlana Otto & Dletr, — to be deleted 
PERU: 

Aeglphlla flllpes Mart. & Schau. [San Martin] 

Aeglphlla lanceolata Moldenke [Lore to] 

Aeglphlla umbraculifonnls Moldenke [San Martin] 

Duranta coriacea Hayek [Huinuco] 

Lantana camara var. morltzlana (Otto & Dletr.) L6pez-Palacio8 

[Amazonas f Apurlmac, Cajamarca, HuAniico, Junln, Lima, Loreto, 

Madre de Dlos, &. San Martin] 
Lantana morltzlana Otto & Dletr. — to be deleted 



k3& PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Lantana trifolia var, rlgldlviscvila Eriq, [San Martin] 
Verbena litoralis var. al^iflora Koldenke [Loreto] 
Verbena lltoralls var. caracasana (H.B.K.) Moldenke [Jun£n] 
BRAZIL: 

Aeglphlla guianenais Moldenke — to be deleted 
Aeglphlla Integrlfolla var, guianenala (Moldenke) Ldpez- 

Palaclos [Aniaz6nas & Pari] 
Aeglphlla lanceolata Moldenke [Golds & Mato Grosso] 
Aeglphlla Ihotzklana Cham. [Ma to Grosso] 
Aeglphlla medlterranea Veil. [Gxianabara] 
Aeglphlla sellowiana Cham. [Mato Grosso] 
Aloysia ternlfollj B. f . oppositlfolla Moldenke [Paranfi]* 
Amasonla laslocaulos Mart. & Schau. [MaranhSo] 
Clerodendrvm thorns onae Half, f . [Bahia & CearA] 
Erlocaulon carajense Moldenke [Pari]* 

Erlocaulon llgulatvan (Veil.) L. B. Sta. [Santa Catarlna Island] 
M-Ocaiilon magnlflc'im Ruhl. [Santa Catarlna Island] 
Erlocatilon modes tm Kunth [Santa Catarlna Island] 
Erlocaulon sellowlammi var. mlpoy Moldenke [Golia]* 
Erlocaulon sell owl artum var. paranense (Moldenke) Moldenke & 

Smith tMato Grosso] 
Erlocaulon steyermarkll Moldenke [Golis] 
Erlocaulon ulael var. radlostm Ruhl. [Santa Catarlna] 
Lantana aristata var. cabrerae Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana an n at a var. velutina Moldenke [Goiis] 
Lantana canara var. a'lba Moldenke [Dlstrito Federal] 
Lantana camara var. angustlTolla Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana camara var, moritzlana (Otto & Dletr.) L6pez-Palaclos 

[Goiis, Guanabara, Mlnas Gerais, Pari, Parani, Rio de Janr- 

eiro, Roraina, Santa Catarlna, & SSo Paulo] 
Lantana canes cens H.E.K. [Parani] 
Lantana fucata Llndl, [MaranhSo] 
Lantana mlnasensls Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana mlnasensls var, longlbrac teolata Moldenke — to be de- 
leted 
Lantana mlnas ensis var , pubenilenta Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana moritzlana Otto & Dletr. — to be deleted 
Lantana tlllaefolia Cham. [Goiis] 

Lantana trifolia f . oppositlfolla Moldenke [Mato Grosso] 
Lantana trifolia var, rlgldluscula Briq. [Parani] 
Lantana tripllnervla Turcz, [Mato Grosso, Mlnas Gerals, Par«mi, 

& Sflo Paulo] 
Lantana tripllnervla var. long Ibrac teolata (Moldenke) Moldenke 

[Minas Gerals]* 
Lantana tripllnervla var. mlnasensls (Moldenke) Moldenke [Bahla, 

Guanabara, Mlnas Gerals, Rio de Janeiro, & SSo Paulo]* 
Lantana tripllnervla var. pubenilenta (Moldenke) Moldenke [Ba- 



1971* Moldenke, Fifth StBnmaiy Supplement U39 

hia L Mlnas Geraia]* 
Lelothrlg. argyroderma var, brevlpes Uoldenke [Rio de Janeiro] 
Leiothrix flumlnensis var. pttbeinila Moldenke [Rio de Janeiro] 
Lippia affinis Schau. [Diatrito Federal] 
Lippla gehrtii Moldenke [Mato Grosso] 
Lippia hatachbachii Moldenke [Mato Gi^^sao]* 
Lippia intermedia var. p)arvlfolia Moldenke [Parani]* 
Lippia lacunosa var. ovatifolla Moldenke [lilnas Geraia]* 
Lippia lupulina var. paraguarienaia Chod. [Mato Grosso] 
Lippia petiolata Moldenke [Minaa Geraia]* 
Lippia sidoidea Cham. [Goiis] 
Lippia vemonioidea var. attenuata (Mart.) Moldenke [GoiAa, 

Maranhffc, Mato Groaso, Minas Geraia, Pari, '/. Sffo Paulo] 
Lippia vinoaa Moldenke [Mato Grosso]* 

Paepalanthus amoenua (Bong.) Kom. [delete "Diatrito Federal"] 
Paepalanthus bryoides (Riedel) Kunth [Parani] 
Paepalanthus formosua Moldenke [Pari] 

Paepalanthus leiserlngii Ruhl. [delete "Santa Catarina"] 
Paepalanthus planlfolius var. globullfer (Alv. Silv.) Moldenke 

it Smith [Parani] 
Paepalanthus plumlpes Alv. Silv. [delete "Bahia" and "Espirito 

Santo"] 
Paepalanthas polyanthus (Bong.) Kunth [Eahia & Espirito Ssuito; 

Santa Catarina Island] 
Paepalanthus rhizocephalus Alv. Silv. [Golds] 
Paepalanthus speclosus var. attenuatus Moldenke [Distrito 

Federal & Golds]* 
Paepalanthus apeciosoia f . calvescens Moldenke [Golds & Mato 

Groaso]* 
Paepalanthus sub til is Miq. [Rio Grande do Norte] 
Paepalanthus urbanlanus Ruhl. [Distrito Federal & Minas Gerais] 
Stachytarpheta andersonii Moldenke [Golds]* 
Stachytarpheta angustifolia (Mill.) Vahl [Amapd] 
Stachytarpheta angustifolia f, elatior (Schrad.) L6pez-Palacio8 

[Amapd , Amaz6na8 , Bahia, Ceard, Guanabara, Mato Grosso, Minaa 

Geraia, Pard, Paralba, Pemambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande 

do Norte, & Roralma] 
Stactytarphet a angustifolia f , Jermani (Moldenke) Moldenke 

[Pard] 
Stachytarpheta chardssonis var. anderaonil Uoldenke [Golds]* 
Stachytarpheta chamissonis var. longipedicellata Moldenke 

StachytaiT3heta elatior Schrad. — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta elatior var. jenaani Moldenke — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta gesnerioides var. simplex (Hayek) Moldenke [Gol- 
ds, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, & SSo Paulo] 
S tac bytarpbe ta lacunosa var. angustifolia Moldenke — to be de- 
leted 



IlljO PHTTOLOCJIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Stachytarpheta lacunosa var, attenaata Moldenke [Minas Ger- 

ais]* 
Staclytarpheta lythrophylla Schau. — delete the asterisk 
Stachytarpheta macedol Uoidenke [Golils] 
Stachytarpheta simplex Hayek — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta trispicata Nees & Mart. [Minas Gerais] 
Syngonanthiia caulescena var. angustlfollus Moldenke [Mato 

Grosso & Santa Gatarlna] 
Syngonanthus flscherlamis var. hatschbachli Moldenke [ParanA 

& SSo Paulo]* 
Syngonanthvis glandxilosus var. epapiHosus Moldenke [ParanA] 
Syngonanthus gracilla var. glabrlusculna Ruhl, [AmazCnas] 
Syngonanthus nltens var. hirtulus Ptuhl. [Mato Grosso] 
Syngonanthus nltens var. koemlckei Ruhl. [Mato Grosso] 
Verbena cabrerae var. angustllobata Moldenke [Mato Grosso]* 
Verbena cal 1 iantha Briq. [Parani] 
xVerbena Intercedens Briq. [Santa Catarina] 
Verbena rectiloba Moldenke [Rio Grande do Sul]* 
Verbena tenuisecta var. alba Moldenke [Paranft] 

mRkJO ISUND: 

Stachytarpheta angustifolia (Mill.) Vahl 

BOLIVIA: 

Lantana aristata var. cabrerae Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana tiliaefolia Cham. [Santa Cruz] 

Lippia vernonioldes var. attenuata (Mart.) Moldenke [El Beni] 
Paepalanthus speciosus (Bong.) Kom. — to be deleted 
Paepalanthus speciosus var. bolivianus Moldenke [Santa Cruz]* 
Stachytarpheta angustifolia f . elatior (Schrad.) L6pez-Palac- 

ios [El Beni & Santa Cruz] 
Stachytarpheta elatior Schrad, — to be deleted 
Verbena braisiliensis Veil. [Santa Cruz] 

PARAGUAY: 

Lantana aristata var. cabrerae Moldenke — to be deleted 

Lantana canes cens H.B.K. 

Stachytarpheta angustifolia f . elatior (Schrad.) L6pe2-Palac- 

ios 
Stachytarpheta gesnerioides var. ctmeata Schau, 
Stachytarphe ta gesnerioides var. simplex (Hayek) Moldenke 
Stachytarphe ta simplex Hayek — to be deleted 

CHILE: 

Acantholippia trifida (C. Gay) Moldenke [Coquimbo] 
Junellia tridens (Lag.) Moldenke [Magellanes] 
Verbena bonariensis L. [Malleco] 

ARGENTINA: 

Aegiphila saltensis Legname [Salta]* 

Aloysia chacoensis var. angustifolia Troncoso* 

Aloysia polys tachya (Griseb.) Moldenke [Mendoza] 



197U Moldenko, Fifth Summary Supplement Wjl 

Bouchea bollviana (Kuntze) Moldenke [Jujuy] 
Jimellla erinacea (Gill. & Hook.) Moldenke [Neuqu4n] 
Jimellia tridena (Lag.) Moldenke — deleto the asterisk 
Lantana arista ta var. cabrerae Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana caneacena H.B.K, [iintre Rfos, Jujuy, Salta, & TucxiruAn] 
Lantana fucata f . albi flora Moldenke [Salta] 
Lantana micrantha f . violacoa Moldenke [Jujuy] 
Lantana minasensis var, puberulenta Moldenke — to be deleted 
Lantana triplinervla var. hispida (Moldenko) Moldenke [Corrien- 

tes]* 
Lippla Integrifolia (Griseb.) Hieron. [Mendoza] 
Psirodianthus capillaris Troncoso [G6rdoba]* 
Phyla strigulosa var. sericea (Kuntze) Moldenke [Salta] 
Verbena atacamensia Moldenke [Mendoza; delete "Foraosa"] 
Verbena hasslerana Briq, [Corrientes] 
Verbena macrosperraa Speg. [Neuqu6n] 
Verbena perakii (Covas 4 Sohnack) Moldenke [Salta] 
Verbena tenuisecta var. ailba Moldenke [Corrientes] 

AUSTRIA: 

Vitex agnus-castus L, 

LIBYA: 

Lantana camara var, aculeata (L.) Moldenke 
Verbena supina f . erecta Moldenke 

EGYPT: 

Clerodendruin splendens G « Don 

Lantana camara L, 

Lantana caraara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke 

Lantana rugosa var. tomentosa Moldenke 

Vitex agnus-castus L, 

Vitex agnus-castus var, paeudo-negundo Hausskn. 

MALI: 

Svensonia laeta (Fenzl) Moldenke [Senegambia] 

NIGER REPUBLIC: 

Mesanthem-um radlcans (Benth.) Korn. 

SUDAN: 

Clerodendrup cordi folium (Hoohst.) A. Rich. [Bahr EH Ghazal] 
Clerodendrum discolor (Klotzsch) Vatke [Equitoria] 
Glerodendnim myrlcoides var. grosseserratum Gurke [Red Sea] 
Lantana viburnoidea var, velutina Moldenke [Bahr El Ghazal & 

Dafur] 
Lippia multiflora Moldenke [Bahr El Ghazal] 
Phyla nodlflora (L.) Greene [Kaasala & Nubia] 
Phyla nodiflora var. reptana (Sprang.) Moldenke [Kaasala] 
Premna resinosa (Hochst.) Schau. [Red Sea] 
Premna resinosa f , groasedentata Moldenke* 
Stachytarpheta urticaefolia (Saliab,) Siaa [Bahr El Ghazal] 



llU2 PHTTOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. 5 

Tectona grandls L. f . [Khartoum] 

VI tax doniana var. parvifolia (Engl.) iloldenke [Bahr El Gha- 

zia & Blue Nile] 
Vltex madlenal3 Oliv, [Bahr EL Ghazal] 
Vitex madlanaia var. schweinfarthll (Giirke) Piepor [Kordofan] 

BAKIIAI ISUNDS: 

Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. [Aqiq, Nile, & Toti] 
AFARS AND ISSIS: 

Avicennia marina (Forak.) Vierh, 

Chascanum hildebrandtii (Vatke) Gillett 

Chascanum marnibiifolium Fenzl 

Lantana petitiana A. Rich, 

Phyla nodiflora (l.) Greene 

Premna resinoaa (Hochst.) Schau, 

Priva cordifolia (L. f.) Druce 
SIERRA LEONE: 

Erlocaulon dalzellii Kom, 
LIBERIA: 

Glerodendrum botryodes J. 0, Baker 

LIBERUN iSLAHDS: 

Avicennia africana P, Beauv. [Bushrod] 

CHAD: 

Svenaonia laeta (Fenzl) Moldenke 
ZAIRE: 

Glerodendrum guerkei J, G, Baker 

BURUNDI: 

Phyla nodiflora var, reptans (Sprang,) Moldenke 

PANZA ISLAND: 

Vitex negundo L. 
PEMBA ISUND: 

Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh, 

Qerodendrum glabrum E. May. 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensia (L.) Vahl 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolia (Salisb.) Sims 

Vitex doniana Sweet 

Vitex negundo L, 
TUMBATU ISUND: 

Glerodendrum sanaibarense Gurke 
ZANZIBAR: 

Lantana camara L, 
AlCOLA: 

Lippia hiapida Good [Bulla] 
ZAMBIA: 

Glerodendrvna myricoidea var, camportaa Gurke 

Eriocaulon schlechteri Ruhl, 
MAUWI: 

Lantana primuHna Koldanke* 



197U Uoldenke, Fifth Sunnaary Suprplement Uii3 

MOZAMBIQUE: 

Erlocauion achlechterl Ruhl. — delete the aateriak 
SOUTH AFRICA: 

Erlocauion aonderianum Kbrn. [Cape 'Tovlnce] 

Verbena officinalis var. gaudichaudli Brlq. [TranavaaQ.] 

Vitex agnus-caatus L. [Cape Province] 
SEYCHELLES ISUNDS: 

Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vlerh. [Coualn] 

Premna obtuaifolia R, Br, [Silhouette] 

S tac hytarphe ta jamaicenala (L.) Vahl [Cousin] 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolla (Salisb.) Sims [Frigate] 
ARABU: 

Phyla nodlflora (L.) Greene [Riyad] 
PERSUN GULF ISLANDS: 

Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vlerh, [Tarut] 
PAKISTAN: 

Avicennia alba Blume [delete "Sind"] 

Clerodendrum inorme (L.) Gaertn. [Sind] 

Gmellna arborea var. glaucescena C. B, Clarke [Northwest Fron- 
tier] 

Lantana camara L. [Sind, West Kaahnlr, & West Punjab] 

Lantana caraara var. flava (Medic.) Moldenke [Sind & West Pun- 

~liH] 

Lantana Indlca Roxb. [Northirest Frontier] 

Phyla nodlflora (L.) Greene [Baluchistan] 

Phyla nodlflora var. caneacena (H.B.K.) Moldenke [Sind & West 
Punjab] 

Phyla nodlflora var. reptans (Spreng.) Moldenke [Baluchistan, 
Sind, & West Punjab] 

Stachytarpheta cayenne nais (L. C. Rich.) Vahl [Sind] 

Tec tona grandis L. f , 

Verbena bonarienais L. [Northweat Frontier] 

Verbena officlnalia L. [Baluchistan & Sind] 

Verbena tenulaecta Brlq. [Northwest Frontier & Sind] 

Vitex agnus-caatua var. paeudo-negundo Hauaskn. [Northwest Fron- 
tier & West Punjab] 

Vitex negundo L. [Sind] 
SIKKBI: 

Erlocauion clnereum R, Br, 

Verbena officinalis L. 

Vitex nagundo L, 

Vitex quinata (Lour.) F. N. Will. 
INDU: 

Callicarpa arborea var. oblong if oiia Kanjilal [Aasam]* 

Callicaiya nudlflora Hook. & Am. [Khaai States] 

Callicarpa psilocalyx C. B. Clarke [Khasi States] 

Callicarpa veatlta Xall. [Assam & Khasi States] 

Caryopteris odorata (Hamilt.) B, L» Robinson [Assaia] 



JM PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no, 5 

Caiyopterla panic ulata C. B. Clarke [Assam] 
Cithare:xylum spinosum L. [Indore &. Kerala] 
Clerodendrum Indlcum (L.) Kuntze [Karnara & Kamataka] 
Clerodendrum laslocephalim C. B. Clarke [Khasi States] 
Clerodenditim phllipplniim Schau, [Kamataka, Kerala, Madyha 

Pradesh, & Manipur] 
Clerodendrum serratxim var. Trail ichli C, B, daiice [Khasi 

States]* 
Clerodendrum villosum Blume [Assam] 
Duranta repena L. [Indore] 
Eriocaulon brevlscapum Kom. [Madyha Pradesh] 
Eriocaulon dalzellii var. glabratum Moldenke [Gujarat]* 
Eriocaxilon dianae pyson [Kerala] 

Eriocaulon lance ola turn var. pilosmn Moldenke [Kerala] 
Eriocaulon leucomelas Steud. [Kerala] 

'. pai 

Eriocaulon odoratum Dalz . [Indore] 

Eriocaulon ritchieanum Ruhl. [Madhya Pradesh] 

Eriocaulon vanheurckii Muell.-Arg. [Kerala] 

Holmakioldla sanguinea f . citrina Moldenke [Assam]* 

Lantana camara L. [Delhi] 

Lantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke [Khasi States] 

Lantana indica Roxb. [Assam] 

Lantana tiliaefolia Cham. [Indore] 

Nyctanthes arbor- tristis L. [Kamataka] 

Phyla nodi flora (L.) Greene [Indore] 

Phyla nodlflora var. canescena (H.B.K.) Moldenke [Indore] 

P remna barbata Wall. [Madhya Pradesh] 

Premna interrupta Wall. [Khasi States] 

Premna kbasiana C. B. Clarke [Khasi States] 

Premna latifolia Roxb. [Assam] 

Premna milleflora C. B. Clarke [Assam Sc Khasi States] 

Premna obtusifolia R. Br. [Khasi States] 

Premna odorata Blanco — to be deleted 

Premna pinguis C. 6. Clarke [Khasi States] 

Premna punduana Wall. [Khasi States] 

Premna scandena Roxb. [Kerala] 

Premna tomentosa Willd. [Andhra Pradesh, Kamataka, Kerala, & 

Madras] 
Priva cordifolia (L. f .) Druce [Khasi States] 
Pygmaeopremna herbacea (Roacb.) Moldenke [Khasi States & Madhya 

Pradesh] 
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl [Indore & Khasi States] 
Stachytarpheta mutabilis var. violacea Moldenke [Kerala & Uttar 

Pradesh] 
xVerbena hybrida Voss [Bihar] 
Verbena officinalis L. [Khasi States & Madhya Pradesh] 



197U Uoldenke, Fifth Stuaaiary Supplement UhS 

Vltex altlaslma L. f. [Assaa] 

Vitei glabrata R. Br. [Khaai States] 

Yltax liaonlfolia Wall. [Khasl States] 

Vitax negundo var, purpuraacena Sivarajan & Moidenke [Kerala]* 

Vl^x peduncularJB Wall. [Khaal States] 

Vltex pinna ta L. [Kamataka] 

Vitex quinaU (Lour.) F. N. Will. [Khasl States] 

Vltex tri folia L. [Assaa] 

Vitei vestita Wall. [Khaai States] 
BANGLADESH: 

All the references under "East Bengal" in PAKISTAN should noir 
be transferred here 

Preana interrupta Wall. 
LACCADIVES ISUNDS: 

Premna obtusifolia R. Br. [Minlkoy] 

Stachytarpheta Janaicenais (L.) Vahl [Minikoy] 
MALDIVE ISUimS: 

Lantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Uoldenke [HeddxiTure] 

Phyla podiflora (L.) Greene [Addu, Hunigandi, Hunigonitila, & 
Vermiandu] 

Vitex negtindo L, [Dunnika, Ual^, Turadu, &. Vermiaadu] 
SRI UNKA: 

Clerodendrum Incisum KLotzsch 

Clerodendrum umbellatvan var. apecio8\im (Dombrain) Moidenke 

Duranta repena L. 

Eriocaxilon collinum var. nanum Uoldenke* 

Eriocaulon ligulaefolium Alston* 

Eriocaulon nllagirenae f . parvifoliim Moidenke 

Eriocaulon qu inquangulare var. elatius Moidenke* 

Eriocaulon quinqu annulare var, martiaram Wall. 

Eriocaulon r obus to-broTmianum Ruhl. 

Eriocaulon setae euro var. c api llus - naiadis (Hook, f .) Moidenke* 

Eriocaulon sexangulare f . vivipanm Moidenke 

Eriocaulon willdenovianum var. fergusonii Moidenke* 

Lantana canara var. alba Moidenke 

Lantana camara var. mi»ta (L.) L. H. Bailey 

Lantana camara var. varia (Kuntze) Moidenke 

Lantana montevidensis (Sprang . ) Briq. 

Lantana tri folia f , albiflora Moidenke 

Precma latifolla var . cuneata C. B . Clarke 

Prema latifolla var. mollis slma C, B. Clarke 

Premna odorata Blurse — to be deleted 

Premna odorata var, detergibllis (C. B, Clarke) Moidenke — to 
be deleted 

Premna thwaitesli f . glabr^scens Moidenke* 

Prerma tcmentosa Willd, 

Premna tomentosa var, detergibilia C. B. Clarke* 



hh6 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Stachytarpheta dichotoma (Ruiz & Pav.) Vahl 

x Stachytarpheta Intercedens Dans. 

Stachytarpheta Jamalcensis f . parvi flora Moldenke 

Stach^^tarpheta mutabilis (Jacq.) Vahl 

Stachytarpheta iirtlcaefolla f . albiflora Moldenke 

Verbena hlspida Ruiz & Pav. 
SRIUNKAN ISLANDS: 

Avlcennla marina (Forsk.) Vierh, [Erumatlvn] 

Premna latifolla var. vlburnoides (Wall.) C. B. Clarke [Sober] 

Premna procimbena Moon [Sober] 
BURMA: 

Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl [Southern Shan States] 

Eriocaulon quinquangulare var, martianum Wall. — delete the 
asterisk 

Tectona grandls var, glabrlfolia Moldenke 

Vltex trifolla L, [Upper Burma] 

Vltex trifolla var. eubtrisecta (Kuntze) Moldenke [Upper Bxirma] 
ANDAMAN ISUNDS: 

Callicarpa longifolia Lam, [South Andaman] 
MERGUI ARCHIPELAGO: 

Clerodendrum vUlostm Blume [Mergui] 

Vitex pinna ta L. [Mergui] 
THAILAND: 

Eriocaulon xeranthemum Mart, 

INDOCmia: 

Callicarpa candlcans var. sumatrana (Miq.) Moldenke [Vietnam] 

Clerodendrum paniculatum L. [Vietnam] 

Lantana camara var. aculeata (L.) Moldenke [Vietnam] 

Premna odorata var. pierriana (Dop) Moldenke [Cambodia] 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolla (Salisb.) Sims [Vietnam] 
MAUIA: 

Callicarpa longifolia f . floccosa Schau. [Penang] 

Clerodendrum philippinum Schau, [Singapore] 

Eriocaulon se^angulare f . viviparum Moldenke — delete the as- 
terisk 

Eriocavilon truncatum Hamilt. [Perak] 

Gmelina asiatica L. [Singapore] 

Sphenodesme pentandra Jack [Penang] 
JAPAN: 

Caryopteris incana (Thunb.) Miq, [Tsushima] 

Vitex negundo var, intermedia (P'ei) Moldenke [Honshu] 
PHILIPPINE ISLANDS: 

Premna depauperata Merr, [Luzon] 
MARIANAS ISUNDS: 

Clerodendrum inerme (L,) Gaertn. [Sarigan] 

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene [Cabras] 

xS tachytarphe ta intercedens Dans. [Guam] 



I97I4 Moldenka, Fifth Summary Supplement khl 

Stachytarpheta Jamalcenflls (L.) Vahl [Pagan] 
PALAU ISLANDS: 

Clerodendrum inerme (L.) Gaertn. [Pelellu] 

Clerodendrum thomsonae Ball, f . [Koror] 

Clerodendrum ucibellatxan var, apeclosxai (Dombradn) koldenke 
[Koror] 

Phyla nodi flora var. rep tans (Spreng.) lioidenlce [Angaur] 

Stachytarpheta Jamalcenals (L.) Vahl [Angaur, Axilupseel, & 
Pelellu] 

S tachy tarphe ta urticaefolla (Saliab.) Sims [Angaur, Ualakal, & 
Uruktbapel] 

Tectona grandls L. f . [Koror] 
GREATE3? SUNDA ISLANDS: 

Erlocaulon brownlanxjm Mart. [Java t Sumatra] 

Erlocaulon sollyanum Royle [Svmatra] 

Lantana camara var. angustlfolla Moidenke — to be deleted 

Lantana trlpllnervla Turcz. [Java] 

Premna obtuslfolla var. gaudlchaudll (Schau.) Moldenke [Java] 
CAROLINE ISUNDS: 

Canicarp i a erloclona f . glabrescena Woldenke [Falalls] 

Clerodendrum Inerme (L.) Gaertn. [Lsunotrek, Nukuoro, Satawal, 
Sonsorol, & Wattagal] 

Ptyla nodlflora (L.) Greene [Faraulap] 

Phyla nodlflora var. reptana (Spreng.) Koldenke [Pelellu] 

Premna obtuslfolla R. Br. [Koch] 

Premna obtuslfolla var. gaudlchaudll (Schau.) Uoldenke [Fala- 
lls & Nukuoro] 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolla (Salisb.) Sims [Namoluk] 

Vltex trlfolla var. blcolor (Wllld.) Moldenke 
MARSHALL ISLANDS: 

Premna obtuslfolla R. Br. [Bekrak] 

Stachytarpheta Jamalcepsls (L.) Vahl [Dalep] 
GILBERT ISUNDS: 

Clerodendrum Inerme (L.) Gaertn, [Blkenlbeu & Butarltarl] 

S tachy tarphe ta jamalcenala (L.) Vahl [Butarltarl] 

Stachytarpheta urticaefolla (Salisb.) Sims [Butarltarl & Ta- 
rawa] 
PHOENIX ISUNDS: 

Clerodendrum Inerme (L.) Gaertn. [Canton] 

Lantana camara L. [Hull] 

Stac hytarphe ta Jaaalcenais (L.) Vahl [Canton] 

Stachytarpheta Jamalcensis f . parvlflora Moldenke [Canton] 
NE^ GUINEA: 

Erlocaulon sollyanum Royle 
NE» GUINEAN ISLANDS: 

Premna nltlda K. Schum. [Ferguason] 



UhB PHITOLOGIA Vol, 28, no. $ 

SOLCMON ISUNDS: 

Avlcennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh, [Bougainville] 

Avicennia officinalis L. [Bougainville] 

Callicarpa pedunculata R. Br. [Bougainville] 

Faradaya amiconm (Seem.) Seem, [Bougainville] 

Gmelina moluecana (Blime) Backer [Bougainville] 

Premna obtusifolia R, Br. [Bougainville] 

Stacbytarpheta dichotoma f , albiflora (Moldenke) Moldenke 
[Upolu] 

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl [Bougainville] 

Tei 3 amanniodendon ahernianum (Merr.) Bakh. [Bougainville] 
NEIf HEBRIDES: 

Vitex trifolia var, subtrisecta (Kuntze) Moldenke [Eromange] 
AUSTRALIA: 

Eriocaulon cinereum R, Br, [New South Wales] 

Glossocaiya hemidenna (F. Muell.) Benth, [Northern Territory] 

Pityrodia jamesii Specht [Northern Territory]* 
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS: 

Lantana camara L. [Hawaii] 

Stacbytarpheta incana var. angustibracteata Moldenke [Kauai] 
CULTIVATED: 

Aloysia gratissijna (Gill, & Hook,) Troncoso [Arizona] 

Aloysla nahuire Gentry Sc Moldenke [Maryland] 

Aloysia tripbylla (L'H5r,) Britton [Egypt & Sri Lanka] 

Callicarpa kochiana Mak, [Germany] 

Callicarpa longifo].ia Lam, [Egypt & Pakistan] 

Callicarpa longifolia f , floccosa Schau, [Egypt] 

Callicarpa macropbylla Vahl [Sri Lanka] 

Callicarpa nadiflora Hook, & Am. [Sri Lanka] 

Callicarpa pedunculata R, Br, [Sri Lanka] 

Caryopteris odorata (Hamilt.) B, L, Robinson [Egypt, Pakistan, 
& Sri Lanka] 

Cithareaylum fruticosum L. [Qeimaiy & Sri Lanka] 

Cithareaylum hidalgense Moldenke [Egypt] 

Citharexylum montevidense (Spreng,) Moldenke [Egypt] 

Citharexylum poeppigii V/alp, [Venezuela] 

CitharexylTM spinosum L. [Pakistan] 

Clerodendrum aculeatum (L.) Schlecht. [Egypt] 

Clerodendrtm bungei Steud. [Arizona & Egypt] 

Clerodendrum emimense Bojer [Pakistan] 

Clerodendrum floribxindum R, Br, [Sid Lanka] 

Clerodendrum fortunatum L, [Germany] 

Clerodendrum glabiim, E, Mey, [Sri Lanka] 

Clerodendrum heterophyllum (Poir.) R, Br, [Sri Lanka] 

Clerodendrxim incisxan var, macrosiphon (Hook, f ,) J, G, Baker 
[Sri Lanka] 

Clerodendrum indicum (L,) Kuntze [Pakistan, Sri Lanka, & Ven- 



19 7U Moldenke, Fifth Svonmary Supplament Wi9 

ezuela] 
Clerodendrum Ineme (L.) Gaertn. [Egypt, Gemar^, Pakistan, 

Sri Lanka, & Venezuela] 
Clerodendrum kaenyferi (Jacq.) Sieb. [Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendruir Hgustrinum (Jacq.) R. Br. [Germany] 
Clerodendrum lindleyi f . alb if lo rum lioldenke [Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrum mlnahassae Teijsm. &. Binn. [Srl Lanka] 
Clerodenarum philipplnian Schau. [Egypt, Pakistan, & Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrum phlcnldia L. f . [Egypt & Germany] 
ClerodendrvgE rotund if olium Oliv. [Egypt] 
Clerodendnan schweinfurthii var. bakeri (Gurke) Thomaa [Sri 

Lanka] 
Clerodendruin serratum (L.) Uoon [Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrura apeolosisalmum Van Geert [Egypt, Sri Lanka, &. Zan- 

zibaur] 
Clerodendruir. apecioaiasimum f . album Moldenke [Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendruni splandens G. Don [Egypt, Pakistan, 4 Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrum thomsonaa Balf . f . [Egypt, Pemba, Sri Lanka, Tln- 

ian, 4 Zanzibar] 
Clerodendrum trichotoaum var. ferrugineum NcLkad [Egypt] 
Clerodendrum umbellatum var, specloaum (Dombrain) Uoldenke 

[Pakistan ic Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrun viacosim Vent. [Sri Lanka] 
Clerodendrum -wa] ] i chii Merr, [Egypt] 
Congea griffithiana Munir [Sri Lanka] 
Conge a tomentoaa Roxb. [Bangladesh & Sri Lanka] 
Congea velutina Wight [India 4 Sri Lanka] 
Comutia microcalycina Pavon & Moldenke [Venezuela] 
Duranta repena L. [Germany, Missouri, Peraba, 4 Zanzibar] 
Duranta repena var. alba (Masters) L. H. Bailey [China, Pakis- 
tan, & Sri Lanka] 
Duranta repena var. integrifolia (Tod.) Moldenke [Florida] 
Doranta repena var. microphylla (Deaf.) Moldenke [Germany] 
Duranta serratifolia (Griseb.) Kuntze [Egypt & Sudan] 
Duranta serratifolia var. variegata Moldenke [Egypt]* 
Faradaya papuana Scheff . [Sri Lanka] 
Faradaya splendida F. Uuell. [Sri Lanka] 
Gmelina arborea Roxb. [Egypt 5t Sri Lanka] 
Gmelina arborea var. canescens Haines [British Honduras] 
Gmelina arborea vslt. glaucescena C. B. Clarke [India 4: Sri 

Lanka] 
Gmelina asiatica L. [Sri Lanka] 
Gmelina elliptica J. E. Sm. [Java 5c Zanzibar] 
Gmelina philippenais Cham. [Pakistan, Sri Lanka, & Zanzibar] 
Holmakioldia sanguinea Retz . [Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, & 

Zanzibar]"' 



k$0 PHTTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

HoTTTiakioldia sanguinea f . cltrina Moldenke — delete the as- 
terisk 

Lantana boyacana Moldenke — to be deleted 

xLantana callowiana Konrovia [Pakistan] 

Lantana camara L, ^Arizona, Egypt, India, Pakistan, & Sri Lan- 

"Ta] 

Lantana caaara. var, aculeata (L.) Moldenke [Egypt Si. Sudan] 

Lantana camara var. alba Moldenke [Egypt, Pakistan, k Sri Lan- 
ka] 

Lantana camara var, angustifolia Moldenke — to be deleted 

Lantana. caraara var. flava (Medic.) Moldenke [Egypt & Pakistan] 

Lantana camara var. inista (L.) L. H. Bailey [Arizona] 

Lantana camara var. moritziana (Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacioa 
[California, Colombia, Germany, & Java] 

Lantana camara var. multiflora (Otto & Dietr.) Moldenke [Ari- 
zona] 

Lantana camara var. nana Moldenke [Missouri Sc New Tork]* 

Lantana camara var. rubella Moldenke [Pakistan] 

Lantana camara var. sangiiinea (Medic.) L. H. Bailey [Pakistan] 

Lantana canescens H.B.K. [Venezuela] 

Lantana depressa Small [Thailand] 

Lantana horrida H.B.K, [Arizona, North Carolina, & South Caro- 
iliiaT 

Lantana involucrata L. [Germany] 

Lantana maxima Hayek [Peru] 

Lantana montevidenais (Spreng.) Briq. [Egypt & Sri Lanka] 

Lantana moritziana Otto & Dietr. — to be deleted 

Lantana tiliaefolia Cham, [Egypt] 

Lantana trifolia L. [Venezuela] 

Lantana triplinervia Tvuxz . [Banka, Brazil, Germany, India, & 
Java] 

Lantana velutina Mart. & Gal. [Egypt] 

Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br. [Peru] 

Lippia javanica (Burm. f .) Spreng. [Germany] 

Lippia turbinata Griseb. [Egypt] 

%-ctanthes arbor-tristis L. [Egypt & Sri Lanka] 

Oxer j a pulchella Labill . [Sri Lanka] 

Petrea arborea H.B.K. [Sri Lanka & Zanzibar] 

Petrea volubilis L. [Egypt, Pakistan, Pemba, Sri Lanka, & Zanzi- 
bar] 

Petrea volubilis var. pubescena Moldenke [Egypt &. Sri Lanka] 

Phyla incisa Small — to be deleted 

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene [Guam & Sri Lanka] 

Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Moldenke [Arizona, Germany, & Iran] 

Premna divaricata Wall. [Sri Lanka] 

Premna foetida Reinw. [Sri Lanka] 

Premna gaudichaudii Schau. — to be deleted 



197U Moldenke, Fifth Summary Supplement Il^l 

Premna latlfolia var, viburnoidea (Wall.) C. B. Clarke [Sri 

LankaT 
Premna obtuaifolia R. Br. [Sri Lanka & Trinidad] 
Premna obtuaifolia veir. gaudichaudii (Schau.) Moldenke [Florida] 
Premna obtuaifolia var, aerratifolia (L.) Moldenke [Sri Lanka]* 
Pramna tomentoaa Willd, [Egypt] 

Pygmaeopremna herbacea (Roxb.) Moldenke [Sri Lanka] 
Sphenodeame pentandra var. wallichiana (Schau.) Munir [Sri Lan- 

ka] 
Stachytarpheta anguatifolia f . elatior (Schrad.) L6pe2-Palacioa 

[Belgium & Sweden] 
Stachytarpheta elatior Schrad. — to be deleted 
Stachytarpheta jamaicenaia (L.) Vahl [Kwajalein] 
Stachytarpheta mutabilia (Jacq.) Vahl [Tahiti] 
Stachytarpheta urticaefolia (Saliab.) Slma [Sri Lanka] 
Tectona grandia L. f. [Burundi, Guinea, Indochina, Pakiatan, 

Pemba, & Zanzibar] 
Tectona grandia f . abludena Koord. & Valet. [Egypt] 
Tectona grandia var. glabrifolia Moldenke [Egypt & Sri Lanka] 
Verbena bonarienaia L. [Venezuela; delete "New Yoi4c"] 
Verbena canadenaia (L.) Britton x V. ambroaifolia Rydb, [Massa- 

chuaetts]*- 
Verbena canadenaia (L.) Britton x V, elegans H.B.K. [Massachu- 

satta]* 
Verbena canadenaia (L.) BirLtton x V. maritlma .'i^al] [Uaaaachu- 

aetta]* 
Verbena canadenaia (L.) Britton x V_^ peruviana (L.) Britton 

[Masaachuaetts]-^- 
Verbena canadenaia (L.) Britton x V, tanpenaia Naah [Maaaachu- 

aetts]* 
Verbena Carolina L. [Germany] 

Verbena haatata f . roaea Cheney [Germany &• Netherlanda] 
Verbena hiapida Ruiz & Pav. [Sri Lanka] 
xVerbena hybrida Voaa [Miaaouri, Pakistan, Pemba, Singapore, 

Sri Laiia, Thailand, & Zanzibar] 
Verbena laciniata (L.) Briq. [Germany] 
Verbena laciniata var. contracta (Lindl.) Moldenke [France & 

Germany] 
Verbena laciniata var. aabini (Sweet) Moldenke — to be deleted 
Verbena megapotamica Spreng. x V^ pule he 11a Sweat [Maaaachu- 

aetta]* 
Verbena monacenaia Moldenke [India & Sri Lanka] 
Verbena peruviana (L.) Britton [Miaaouri] 
Verbena rig Ida Spreng. [Egypt, Sri Lanka, & Venezuela] 
Verbena tenera Spreng. [Sri Lanka] 

Verbena tenuis acta Briq. [Egypt, Pemba, Sri Lanka, & Zanzibar] 
xVerbena vaga MoT3enke [Maaaachuaetta] 



U52 PHTTOLOQIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Vltex agnu3-ca3tu3 L. [Arizona, Pakistan, & Poland] 

Vltex agnu3-ca3tu3 var. divers If olla (Carr.) Schelle [Egypt] 

Vltex agnas-caatus var, ps eudo-negundo Hausskn. [Pakistan] 

Vltex capita ta Vahl [Sri Lanka] 

Vltex cofassus Relxnr, [Sri Lanka] 

Vltex cTmoaa Bert, [Egypt] 

Vltex donlana Sweet [Egypt] 

Vltex donlana var. parvifolla (Engl.) Moldenke [Sudan] 

Vltex megapotamlca (Spreng.) Moldenke [Egypt] 

Vltex negundo L. [Pakistan & Sri Lanka] 

Vltex neg\mdo var, heterophylla (Franch.) Rehd, [Egypt] 

Vltex negtmdo var. Intermedia (P'ei) Moldenke [Oklahwna & 

Pakistan] 
Vltex orinocensls H.B,K, [Venezuela] 
Vltex peduncularia Wall . [Sri Lanka] 
Vltex trlfolla L. [Oemaror, Pakistan, & Sri Lanka] 
Vltex trlfolla var. blcolor (Willd.) Moldsnke [Egypt] 
Vltex trlfolla var. subtrlsecta (Kuntze) Moldenke [IiKiia & 

Sri Lanka] 

Addenda & errata to Part II: 

Abena jamalcenals Hitcho. " Stacbytarpheta jamaicenais (L.) Vahl 
Acanthollppla trlflda Clos « A. trlflda (C. Gay) Moldenke 
Aegephila grandis [Moldenke] - Aeglphlla grandls Moldenke 
Aeglphlla alata Heckel ■ A. elata Sw. 

Aeglphlla arborea Spruce - A, Integrifolla var, guianenaia (Mol- 
denke) L6pez-Palacio8 — this is the corrected entry 
Aeglphlla barbadensis Moldenke - A_. martinlcensis f . barbadensis 

(Moldenke) Moldenke 
Aeglphlla costarricensis Moldenke "A, costaricensis Moldenke 
Aeglphlla depesma [Steud.] " A_. deppeana Steud, 
Aeglphlla elata var. macrophilla (H,B.K.) Ldpez-Palacios = A. 

elata var. macrophylla (H.B.K.) L6pez-Palacios 
Aeglphlla glandiilif era var, glandulifera L6pez-Palacios - A. 

glandullfera Moldenke 
Aeglphlla guianensia Aristeguieta - A, integrifolla var. guianen- 

sls (Moldenke) Lipez-Palacios 
Aeglphlla guianensis Moldenke = A^ integrifolla var. gxiianensia 

( Moldenke) L6pez-Palac ios 
Aeglphlla Integriflolia [Jacq.] - A, integrifolla ( Jacq.) Jaoq. 
Aeglphlla macrophilla H.B.K. •■ A^ elata var. macrophylla (H.B.K.) 

L6pez-Palacioa 
Aeglphlla martiniaensis Jack. « A, martinlcensis Jacq. 
Aeglphlla mollis var. surfaceana Moldenke ■» A, aollls var. sur- 

faceana (Moldenke) Moldenke 
Aeglphlla nobllis Heckel » A. mollis H.B,K. 



197U Moldenke, Fifth Sianmary Supplement U53 

Aaglphlla novorejmtensis L6pez-Palacl08 " A. novograziatenfllB Mol- 
denke 

Aegiphll a obdurata Darwin ■= A. obducta Veil, 

Aeglphila paraguayensis Briq. - A. paraguarlenais Eriq. 

Aegiphlla puberulenta Moidenke « A^ molll3 var. pubei-ulenta (llol- 
denke) L6pe7.-Palaclo8 

Aegiphlla sprue ana Uoidenke - A_. apruceana Moidenke 

Aeglphila steyennarkii var. macrophilla [MoldenJre] - A. ateyer- 
markil var. macrophylla Uoidenke 

Aegiphlla temifolia H.B.K. - A. ternifolia (H^P.K.) Moidenke 

Aeglphila verrucosa Schau. •• A_, temifolia f . opposltifolia L6pez- 
Palacios — this is the corrected entry 

Aegiphilla macrophylla Willd. " Aegiphlla elata var. macrophylla 
( H .B .K.) L6pez-Palac 1 os 

Aegiphyl a obducta Veil. •= Aegiph lla obducta Veil. 

Aegyfllla Veil. - Aegiphlla Jacq. 

Aegyfill a obducta Veil , ■ Aegiphlla obducta Veil , 

Aloysla selloi Cham. ■= A_. sellowii (Briq.) L'oldenke 

Aloysia virgata var. laxa Mold. = A, virgata var. laxa (Briq.) 
Uoidenke 

Amasonia lasiocaulis Mart. & Schau. ■ A. laaiocaulos Mart, k 
Schau, 

Ajnasonia sprue ena [Moidenke] ■ A. s pruceana Moidenke 

Amazonia arborea K.B.K, = Amasonia arborea H,B,K, 

Amsonia Stearn = Amasonia L. f. 

Avicenia tctaentosa Duarte - Avicennia schaueriana Stapf & Leechnan 

Avicenina L. » Avicennia L. 

Avicenlna officinalie L. " Avicennia officinalis L. 

Avicennia geminas (L,) L. ■ A. gemilnang (L.) L. 

Avicenni a marina L. ■» A. marina (Forsk.) Vierh. 

Avicennia officlalis Por - A_. officinalis L. 

Avicennia officinalis Auct. ex Jafri - A. marina var, acutJBslma 
Stapf & Moidenke 

Avincennia Whipple ■ Avicennia L. 

Baillonia spartioides Ball « Diostea scoparia (Gill. & Hook.) Miers 

Beuchea Troncoso ■ Bouchea Cham. 

Bouchea boliviana Mold. - B_. boliviana (F.untze) Moidenke 

Bouchea dessecta S . Wats . ■ B . dissecta S . iVata • 

Bouchea pseudogervaS f , pilosa Herzog ■ Bj_ boliviana (Kuntze) Moi- 
denke 

Briickea eglaindulosa Klotzsch & Karst. = Aeglphila temifolia f . 
opposltifolia L6pez-1 alacios — this is the corrected entrj' 

Briickea grandi folia (Willd.) Klotzsch & Karst. « Aegiphdla temi - 
folia f . opposltifolia L6pez-Palacios — this is the corrected 
entry 

Briickea verrucosa (Schau.) Klotzsch L Karst. " Aegiphlla temifolia 



USk PHYTOLOGIA Vol, 28, no, 5 

f , opposltlfolia L6pez-Palacios — this ia the corrected 

entry 
Brueckea eglandulosa KLotzsch & Karst, - Aeglphila temifolia f , 

opposltlfolia L6pez-Palacios ~ this is the corrected entry 
Brueckea grandifolia KLotzsch & Karct, » Aeglphila temifolia f , 

oppositifolla L6pez-Palacios ~ this is the corrected entry 
Braeckea verrucosa (Schau,) Klotzsch & Karst. = Aeglphila temi- 
folia f , opposltlfolia L6pez-Palacios — this is the correc- 
ted entry 
Buddleia bracteolata Kranzl. = Llppia myriocephala var. hypolela 

(Brlq,) Koldenke — this is the corrected entry 
Caliciirpa irallichiana Aalp. = Callicarpa tomentosa (L,) Murr. 
Callicarpa lanceolarium F,B.I, = C. longl folia f, floccosa Schau, 
Callicarpa longlfolia var. lanceolarlum F,B,I. = C^ longifolla 

f , floccosa Schau, 
Callicarpa pentandra var, typica (Schum,) Bakh, f , - Geunsia 

pentandra (Roxb.) Merr, 
Callicarpa pentandra var, typica f . geniuna Bakh, f , « Geunsia 

pentandra (Roxb.) Merr. 
Callicarpa sagaitlfolia Wall, = £, rubella Lindl. 
Calliearpa scabra Hort, ■ £, pedunculata R, Br, 
Callicarpa squamosa Blume = C_, arborea Roxb, 
Carptopetala Moldenke » Carptotepala Moldenke 
Carp tope tala jenmanl (Gleason) Moldenke «■ Carptotepala Jeonani 

(Gleason) Uoldenke 
Cartelia cuneato-ovata Cav, » Castelia cuneato-ovata Cav, 
Chascanum sessillfolia (Vatke) Moldenke « C_, aessillfolium 

(Vatke) Moldenke 
Chlorodendron inenne Gaertn. = Clerodendrum Inenne (L.) Gaeirtn, 
Cithare^ylem Altschul » Citharexylum B, Juss. 
Citharejylum donnel-smithll Greenm, « C, donnell-amithli Greenm, 
Cithare^tylum hidalguense Moldenke = C . hidalgense Moldenke 
Cithai'mylum poepplgii Walp. & Moldenke = C_, poeppigli Walp. 
Cleorodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze " Clerodendrum indicum (L.) 

Euntze 
Clerodendron calami to sum t glabriusculum Horsf . " Clerodendrum 

calami tosum L, 
Clerodendron disparifolium ^ denticulatum Hort, «= Clerodendrum 

laevlfollum Blume 
Clerodendron divaricatum Jack = Clerodendrum serratxm var, wal- 

llchli C, B, Clarke — this is the corrected entry 
Clerodendron fallax var. fl, albo Hort, - Clerodendrum specio- 

sissimum f , album Moldenke 
Clerodendron faxinosvnn Wall. » Clerodendrum s erratum var, wal- 

llchii C, B, Clarke — this is the corrected entry 
Clerodendron fragrana fl. pleno Hort, » Clerodendrum phillpplnum 



197U Moldenke, Fifth Stomnary Supplement k$S 

Schau. 

Clerodendron Indlcum Kuntze ■ CI erode ndrum Indlcum (L.) Kuntze 

Clert)dendron japonlcum Street - Clerodendrum Japonic urn (Thunb.) 
Sweet 

Clerodendron Jaanilnoldes Din - Clerodendrum calamitosum L. 

Clerodendron Javanicum «alp. - Clerodendrum serratum var. wa] J ichli 
C. B. Clarke — this is the corrected entry 

Clerodendron mite Vahl - ? 

Clerodendron mite Vatke - Clerodendrum indlcum (L.) Kuntze 

Clerodendron rotundifolium Oliv. - Clerodendrum rotundi folium 
Oliv. 

Clerodendron rotundifolium vair. keniensia Rh, Frijr. - Cleroden - 
dnim rotundifolium var. keniense Fries 

Cl erodendron aerrat\m var, wallichianum Royie - Clerodendrum ser - 
ratum var. wallichli C. B. Clarke — thin is the corrected 
entry 

Clerodendron serratum var . wallichii C . B , Clarke - Clerodendrum 
serratum var. wallichii C. B. Clarke — this is the correc- 
ted entry 

Clerodendron squama tum var. bethuniana (Lowe) Bakh. - Cleroden - 
drum bethunlanum Lowe 

Clerodendrum acuieatum (L.) Garcke *= £. aculeat\nn (L.) Schlecht. 

Cl erodendrum c oc hi nc hinena is Altschul - C_. cochinchlnense Dop 

Clerodendrifln fall ax f . alblflonm Hort. - C_. 3peclosl33lm\m f , 
album Moldenke 

Clerodendrum foetidimi Bunge «■ C_. bungei Steud. 

Clerodendrum fragrans var. multiplex Sweet - C_. philippinum Schau. 

Clerodendrum fragrans var. pleniflorum Schau. - C_. philippinxin 
Schau, 

Clerodendrum ineni.e Gaertn. « C_, inerme (L.) Gaertn, 

Clerodendrum inermis Nevill - C. inerme (L.) Gaertn. 

Clerodendrum japonlcum Sw. = £. japonlcum (Thunb.) Sweet 

Clerodendrum nerifolium Subram. & Nair = C_. inenr.e (L.) Gaertn. 

Clerodendrum nerlloliua Subram, & Nair - Cj^ inerme (L,) Gaertn, 

Clerodendrum plomldes Farnsworth = C, phlocidis L. f . 

Clerodendrum temlfolia [H,B,K,] - C. ternifollvm H.B,K, 

Clerodendrum thomasona e Balf . ■ C_. thocsonae Balf . f , 

Clerodendrum thompsonii Ball ■ C. thomsonae Balf. f . 

Cleix>dendrum trlcotomum Thunb, - C_. trichotCBium Thunb. 

Clerodendrum umbeilatum var. speclosum Uoldenke ■ C_. umbellatum 
var. speciosxm (Dombrain) Moldenke 

Cordia macrocephala WiUd. - Lantana trlfolla f . hirsuta Moldenke 
this Is the corrected entry 

Cordia microcephala 'Villd. - Lantana trlfolla f . hirsuta Moidenke 
this is the corrected entry 

Dicrastylis panifolla Ostenfeld - D. parvlfolla F. Muell, 



U56 PHITOLOGIA Vol. 28, no, 5 

Dupatya affinls (Bong.) Kuntza = Paepalanthus ramosus var, 

af finis (Bong.) Ruhl. 
Dupatya affinls Kuntze = Paepalanthus ramosus var. affinia 

(Bong.) Ruhl. 

Dupatya karstenii (Ruhl.) Rusby » Paepalanthus karstanii Rxihl. 

Dupatya ramoaa Kuntze = Paepalanthus ramosus (Wikstr.) Kunth 

Dupatya raniosa (Wikstr.) Kuntze = P^ ramosus (Wikstr.) Kunth 

Dupatya rorajjnae (Oliver) Rusby = Rondonanthus roraimae (Oliv.) 
Herzog 

Duranta benthamii Briq. = D^ benthand Briq, 

Duranta klotzschil Moritz = D^, mutisii L, f . 

Duranta serratifolia var. puntata Troncoso = £, serratlfolia var, 
punctata Caro 

Durantha mutisii L, f . ■= D uranta mutisii L. f . 

Eriocaulon articulatum Hudson = E^ aquaticum (J, Hill) Druce 

Eriocaulon beauvei^d.i (Beauverd) Moldenke » E^ beauverdi Moldenke 

Eriocaulon capillus-naiadis Hook, f • *= 2. setaceum var. capillus- 
naiadis (Hook, f .) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon capillus-naldis Hook, f . = E. setaceum var. capillus- 
naiadis (Hook, f ,) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon capillus-naidus Hook, f . = E. setaceum var. capillus- 
naiadis (Hook, f .) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon capillus najadis Hook, f . " E. setaceum var. capillus- 
naiadis (Hook, f .) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon capillus-najadis Hook . f . ■ ^ setaceum var . capillus- 
naiadis (Hook, f.) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon cauleacena Hook. ■ E. atratum var. major Thwaites 

Eriocaulon ceylanicum var. subacaulescens Wangerin = Ej, ceylani- 
cum Korn. 

Eriocaulon cristatum var. Thwaites = E. longicuspe Hook, f . — 
this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon cristatum var. bracteis floralibus denticulatis et 
longiuscvile cuspid ato-acuminatis Thwaites & Hook, f . = E. 
longicuspe Hook. f. — this is the corrected entry 

Eriocaulon decangularis L. = E. decangulare L. 

Eriocaulon melanocephalum var. usterianum Beauverd = E^ melano- 
cephalum ssp. usterianum Beauverd 

Eriocaulon minimum Ruhl. = K, abyss inicum Hochst. 

Eriocaulon quinquangulare f . viviparum Moldenke « E^ quinquangu- 
lare var. martianun Wall. 

Eriocaulon quinquenculare L. = E^ quinquangulare L, 

Eriocaulon setacexun f . capiUis-naiadis Haines » E^ setaceim var. 
capillus-naiadis (Hook, f.) Moldenke — this is the correc- 
ted entry 

Eriocaulon setaceum f . capillus-naiadis Haines = E. setaceum var. 
capillus-naiadis (Hook, f ,) Moldenke — this is the correc- 



197U Moldenke, Fifth Summary Supplement h$7 

ted entry 
Eriocaulon aexangulare A. Rich. - E. abyBsinicxan Hochat. 
Eriocaulon aexangulare Ruhl. - E. atAihlmanni N. E. Br. — this is 

the corrected entry 
Eriocaulon sonderian um fcendle •= E, declpiena N. E. Br, 
Erix)caulon stratum Gunaw. •= E<^ atratum Kbrn. 
Eriocaulon suichaense Hayata " E^^ suiahaenae Hayata 
Eriocaulon trlangulare V/ith. » Ej, pellucldum Michi. 
Eriocaulon trimerium Mart. - the trimeroua spec lea of Eriocaulon 

Gron. 
Eriocaulon wallichianum vau:. fol. hlrautis Ferguson - E_. willde- 

noYlanum var. ferguaonii Uoldenke 
Eriopc horridula Epliw: » Lippia grandiflora Mart, t Schau. 
Gelnaia Wangerin = Geunaia Blume 

Geanerla pilosa Hort. ■> G_. aureonltea Hook., G«3nerlaceae 
Ghinia cardenasli Moidenke - G . cairdenaai Moldenke 
Glandular la arlstigera (Briq.) Tronc . - Verbena aristigera S. 

Moore 
" Olandularia canadensis x G_. bipinnatifida " Solbrig - xVerbona 

oklahomenais Moldenke 
Glandularia ciliata Solbrig » Verbena ciliata Benth. 
Glandularla elegans (L.) Small - Verbena elegana HJ3.K. 
" Olandvilairia elegana x G_. peruviana " Solbrig — see under Verbena 

elegana H.B.K. x V^ peruvlsma (L.) Britten 
" Qlandularia elegana x G_, pulchella " Solbrig — see under Verbena 

elegans H.B.K. x V^ pulchella Sweet 
" Glandularia elegana (L.) Saall x Gl. stellaroidea (Cham.) Sch- 

nack & Covas" — see under Verbena elegans H.B.K. x V^ atel- 

larioldes Cham. 
Glandularia glutinosa (0. Ktze.) Schn. & Covas » Verbena g lutin- 

oaa Kuntze 
Glandularia hasslerana (Briq.) Tronc. = Verbena haaslerana Briq, 
Glandularia hasaleriana Schnack & Rubens " Verbena haaslerana 

Briq. 
Glandularia kuntzeana (Mold.) Tronc. •= Verbena kuntzeana Moldenke 
Glandularia macrosperma (Speg.) Tronc. - Verbena macrosperma Speg. 
Glajadularia marrubioides Cham. = Verbena mar rubio ides Cham. 
Glandularia moricolor (Mold.) Tronc. - Verbena moricolor Moldenke 
Glandularia nana (Mold.) Tronc. - Verbena nana Moldenke 
Glandularia nana Schnack &. Rubens ■ Verbena nana Moldenke 
"Glandularia peruviana x G^ megapotamica " Solbrig ■ xVerbena 

schnackii Moldenke 
Glandularia porrigens (Phil.) Ti*oncoso = Verbena porrigena R. A. 

Phil. 
Glandixlaria pulchella (Spr.) Tronc. - Verbena pulchella Sweet 
Glandularia santiaguensis x peruviana Solbrig — see under Verbena 



U58 PHITOLDGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

santlaguenals (Covas & Schnack) Moldenke x V_. peruviana (L.) 

Britton 
Glandularla soroblculata (Gris.) Tronc. «= Verbena scroblculata 

Griseb . 
Glossocarya llnnael Clarke ■ G_. scamdena (L. f .) Moon 
Glossocarya scandens Trimen ■ G. scandens (L. f .) Moon 
Snellna hystrix Schult. ex Kurz - G^ phlllppensls Cham. 
Jxinellla (Mold.) Tronc. = Junellla Moldenke 
Kalaharia uncinata var, paavlflora Moldenke -> lU \mclna-ta var. 

parvi flora (Schinz) Moldenke 
Kalaharia uncinnatais D'Arcy & Keating » K. xmcinata (Schinz) 

Moldenke 
Lampaya aratae Molf , ■ L, medic inalis R. A. Phil, 
Lampaya hieronymi Mold, » L, hieronymi Schum. & Moldenke 
Lan^ya officinalis F. Phil. = L. medicinalis R. A, Phil, 
Lampaya achickendantzii Mold. = L. hieronymi Schum, & Moldenke 
Lanatana priTnuTIa Moldenke = Lantana primulina Moldenke 
Lantana acasonica Purpus ■ L, velutina Mart, & Gal. 
Lantana alba Brandis = L. indica Roxb. 

Lantana arista ta var. cabrerae Moldenke « L. canescens H.B.K. 
Lantana aristeguieta [Moldenke] ■= L« aristegxxietae Moldenke 
Lantana boyacana Desf . = L_. rugulosa H.B.K. — this is the cor- 
rected entry 
Lantana boyacana Moldenke " L. rugulosa HJB.K. 
Lantana camara var. angustifolia Moldenke «» L. triplineiryia 

Turcz. 
Lantana canescena Fedde - Phyla nodi flora var. canescens (H.B. 

K.) Moldenke 
Lantana chamissonis (D. Dietr.) Briq. « L. chamlssonis (D. 

Dietr.) Benth. 
Lantana cujabensis var. punctata Moldenke » L. lopez-palacii 

Moldenke 
Lantana cujabensis var. punctuata Moldenke » L. lopez-palacii 

Moldenke 
Lantana grlsebachii Stuck, ex Seckt. « L^ grisebachii Stuck. 
Lantana hyptoides Rusby » Hyptis rugoaa Pohl, Lamiaceae 
Lantana inconspicua Tausch = L, fucata Lindl. 
Lantana macropada Torr. - L. macropoda Torr. 
Lantana minasensis Moldenke = L . triplinervia var . minasensis 

(Moldenke) Moldenke 
Lantana minasensis var. hispida Moldenke - L_, triplinervia var. 

hispida (Moldenke) Moldenke 
Lantana minasensis var. longibrac teolata Moldenke ■ L^ tripli - 
nervia var, longibrac teolata (Moldenke) Moldenke 
Lantana minasensis var. puberulenta Moldenke = L. triplineirvla 

var. puberiilenta (Moldenke) Moldenke 
Lantana moritziana Otto k Dietr. = L. camara var. moritziana 



197li Moldenke, Fifth Sumnary Supplement US? 

(Otto & Dietr.) L6pez-Palacio8 

Lantana nodi flora Fedds - Ptyla nodi flora (L.) Greene 

Lantana nodi flora f . paeudo-aarmentoaa Fedde - Ph7la nodi flora 
var. rosea (D, Don) lioldenke 

Lantana pittieri Moldenke = L^ tri folia f . hlrsuta Uoldenke 

Lantana polyanthus Altachul - L. carnara var. aculeata (L.) Uoldenke 

Lantana salviaefolia Sprang. ■ L. rxigosa Thunb. 

Lantana triplinervia Turcz. — to be deleted 

Lantanta Glover - Lantana L. 

Lantanum 'lYidgren - Lantana L. 

Leiothrix fluminenais var. pilosa lioldenke - L, flximln ensis var. 
puberula I'oldenke 

Lipia nyriocephala Ch. t Schl. - Lippia nyriocephala Schlecht. & 
Cham. 

Lippia Houst, ex L. ■ Lippia Hou8t, 

Lippia alba Schau, - Lantana rugosa Thunb, 

Lippia aaperofolia Amico = L^ alba (ilill.) N. E. Br. 

Lippia attenuata Mart. ■ L_. vemonioides var. attenuata (liart.) 
Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia briquetii Moldenke « L_^ hlrsuta L. f . — this is the cor- 
rected entry 

Lippia briquetti Moldenke " L_. hirsuta L. f . — this is the coi^ 
rected entry 

Lippia canescens var. \mcinuligera (Nees) Gay - Phyla nodiflora 
var. rosea (D, Don) Moldenke 

Lippia cuneifolia var. incisa (Small) Blankinship - Plyla nodi - 
flora var. incisa (Small) Moldenke — this is the corrected 
entry 

Lippia cuneifolia var. incisa (Small) Lindheimer " Phyla nodi - 
flora var. incisa (Small) Moldenke — this is the corrected 
entry 

Lippia floribunda Briq. •= L. hlrsuta L. f . — this is the correc- 
ted entry 

Lippia hypolela Didq, " L. nyriocephala var. fc^7)olela (Briq.) 
Moldenke 

Lippia hypoleia var. ovatifolla Moldenke - L^ nyriocephala var. 
o vatifolia (lioldenke) Moldenke 

Lippia hypoleuca Briq. - L. myriocep:iaJ.a var. typoleia (Briq.) 
Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia chilensis Schau. in DC . ■ Aloysia salviaefolia (Hook. & 
Am.) Moldenke 

Lippia incisa Small = Ptyla nodiflora vai-. incisa (Small) Molden- 
ke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia incisa (Small) Tldestr. - Phyl a nodiflora var, iDCisa 
(Small) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia linearis Humb. - Phyla linearis (H.B.K.) L6pe2-Palacios — 
this is the corrected entry 



160 PHYTOLOGIA Vol. 28, no. $ 

Llppia linearis Humb, & Bonpl, » Pfcyla linearis (H.B.K.) L6pez- 
Palacios — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia linearis Humb, & Kunth - Phyla linearis (H.B.K.) L6pez- 
Palacios — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia linearis H.E.K. - Phyla linearis (H.B.K.) L6pez-Palacios 

Lippia linearis Kiinth » Phyla linearis (H.E.K.) L6pez-Palacios — 
this is the corrected entry 

Lippia moritzil Trucz. « L. hirsuta L, f . — this is the correc- 
ted entry 

Li ppia moritzii Tiircz. = L^ hirsuta L. f . — this is the correc- 
ted entry 

Lippia nyriocephaloides Briq. « L. myriocephala var. hypoleia 
(Briq.) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippia nodiflora f . maritlma Simpson " Plyla nodiflora (L.) 
Greene 

Lippia pycnocephala Schlecht. - L^^ nyriocephala var. hypoleia 
(Briq.) Moldenke — this is the corrected entry 

Lippi a schaueriana Mart. & Schau. = L^ schaueriana Mart. 

Lippia venezuelensis Moldenke = L_, hirsuta L. f. 

lychnidea verbenae tenuifoliae , yulgo Sandia Laguen Feuill, = 
Verben a laciniata (L.) Briq. 

lycium grandifolium Willd. » Aegiphila temifolia f . oppositi - 
folia L6pez-Palacios — this is the corrected entry 

Mailelou Rheede ■ Vitex altissima L. f . — this is the cor