(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Pictorial and Biographical Memoirs of Indianapolis and Marion County ..."

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book lhal w;ls preserved for general ions on library shelves before il was carefully scanned by Google as pari of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

Il has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one thai was never subject 

to copy right or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often dillicull lo discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher lo a library and linally lo you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud lo partner with libraries lo digili/e public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order lo keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial panics, including placing Icchnical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make n on -commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request thai you use these files for 
personal, non -commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort lo Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each lile is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use. remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 

countries. Whether a book is slill in copyright varies from country lo country, and we can'l offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through I lie lull lexl of 1 1 us book on I lie web 
al |_-.:. :.-.-:: / / books . qooqle . com/| 






i 



/ 



/ 






■2 

! 

4 



I 



/ 



\ 









v. 



*' 



• 1 






\ 



T 






j j ; 



i 



i 1. 1.HL 

I 



_L ,J j L. 



pICTORIflli 



AND 




ioGRaPHicaii 




MEMOIRS 




Indianapolis 



mn 



* 



*^ 



^SRION 

Bounty 



! 



INDIANA 



» 



TOGETHER WITH BIOGRAPHIES OF MANY PROMINENT MEN OF 
OTHER PORTIONS OF THE STATE, BOTH LIVING AND DEAD. 




©hjoago 
Gfoodspeed iBpotb.eps, Publishers 

1893 ^ 



IHE NEW YORfFi 

p UBLICLIBRARY| 

201203 

K 19*0. i 



r r 



30tiN MORRIS COMPANY, 

. . Printers 

. . . HNt) 



llNDERS. 



* # * 



cO 



G 

s* 



},, 







(3The 



HE Publishers, with much pleasure, present this beautiful volume to 
d)\ their friends and patrons for whom it is prepared. It will be found to 
be a valuable work, full of interesting personal and historical remi- 
niscences of many of the leading families and many of the most important 
occurrences in the eventful past of Indianapolis and Marion County. Every 
individual or family sketch was carefully type-written and submitted by mail, 
or written with pencil and submitted in person by our representative, to a 
member of the family, and, in nearly every instance, was corrected and 
promptly returned to the Publishers, thus insuring almost absolute accuracy. 
If mistakes are found in the few sketches that were not returned, the Pub- 
lishers, though not to blame, stand ready, as is their custom, to correct the 
same by special errata sheet to be sent to every subscriber. The Publishers 
wish to call special attention to the fact that, in spite of the hard times and a 
limited patronage, they have issued a work fully up to their promises and 
one of high merit. The illustrations will be found to add very materially 
to the value of the book. We are satisfied our work will bear the closest 
scrutiny and sustain our well-known reputation for accuracy and fidelity. 

■ 

THE PUBLISHERS. 



v_ 






Index. 



A 

PAGK 

Abrams, Randall J 98 

Adam, Charles H 101 

Ahern, Miss Mary Eileen 120 

Anderson, William Arnold 134 

Adams, Joseph R 156 

Anthony, M. D. , Emanuel 188 

Anthony, M. D., E. Grove 228 

Austin, Edward Ames 233 

Allen, M. D., Wesley 364 

Armantrout, Harvey J 392 

Anderson, Martin C 405 

Alexander, Joseph H 419 

Arbnckle, James F 459 

Ay res, Judge Alexander C 464 

Brown, Hon. Edgar A 25 

Browning. Miss Eliza G 36 

Beville, Henry H 38 

Bartholomew, Pliny Webster 48 

Bieler, Capt. Jacob L 66 

Brown, Demarchus C 87 

Benton, Prof. Allen R 91 

Brown, Arthur V 94 

Bell, J. E 97 

Brown, Henry J 101 

Barnes, M. D. , Henry F 102 

Bedford, M. D., C. T 109 

Bowser, Edward Thomas 113 

Butler, John Maynard 132 

Bradley, Giles A 133 

Bell, M. D., Guido 138 

Belles, Caleb 139 

Blount, Brazillai M 142 

Bullock, Henry W 146 

Brennau. M. D, E. J 150 

Barnes, Dr. Charles Aimer 174 

Barnes, M. D. , Carl L 1 75 

Ballweg, Frederick 176 

Boring, Ephraim 180 

Bceckling, George A 181 

Buchanan, D. D. S., Albert E 189 



PAOK 

Brown, D. D. S., Daniel N 197 

Butler, Ovid 204 

Brown, M. D., John Randolph 211 

Brewer, Alfred 213 

Boiler, Peter 220 

Butteriield, Rev. Luke G 223 

Blaker, Mrs. Eliza A ..236 

Brown, Dr. Benjamin A 250 

Bowser, William H 258 

Bruce, James P 289 

Bergmann, Francis J 299 

Brayton, Dr. Alembert Winthrop .303 

Baker, Conrad 309 

Baker, Albert ; 310 

Bristow, Henry 320 

Buskirk, Hon. Samuel 328 

Bailey, George W 330 

Bolton, Mrs. Sarah T 343 

Buehler, Dr. Jacob 353 

Buschmann, William 373 

Bruner, Henry Lane 378 

Bremer, Fred 395 

Buthe, August 397 

Bowman, William Norman. ... 404 

Backus, Victor M 430 

Black, Charles H 436 

Bade, William 442 

Boatright, William 444 

Butcher Mrs. Ellen 449 

Bellemore, William H 463 

C 

Cox, Hon. Millard F 19 

Colfax, Hon. Schuyler 23 

Churchman, F. M 30 

Cady, Frederick W 44 

Cook, George J 49 

Comingor, M. D., John A 51 

Corbaley, Jeremiah J 52 

Corbaley, Samuel B 53 

Compton, Samuel M. 55 

Calvelage, August H 56 

Cunningham, Dr. Henry S 88 



v^ 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Carson, M. D., Jobn H 95 

Carriger. John J 90 

Colter, George R 114 

Collins, Ephraim 144 

Coe,Henry 140 

Cruse, James S 152 

Craig, John F 153 

Clarke, M. D., William Bradley 157 

Cockrum, John B 107 

Craft, Hon. William H 173 

Collins, Jerrv 185 

Cruse, Henry 205 

Caven, Hon. John 207 

Castor, M. D., Hiram C 212 

Cline, M. D., Lewis C 217 

Caskey, Jacob B 241 

Carter, George H 248 

Coble, Jr., George 251 

Chambers, Smiley Newton 258 

Combs, M. D., George W 294 

Carter, M. D. , James 298 

Cox, Charles E 319 

Coburn, Gen. John 328 

Combs, John W 343 

Conroy, John 352 

Cosier, Orval D 357 

Christian, Thomas J 302 

Collins, Andrew 384 

Chambers & Bio., O. C 389 

Carter, John V 394 

Carson, Peter 430 

Cossell, William 440 

Cochrane, Samuel \V 449 

Canfield, Woods P 401 



Daniels, Edward 81 

Driggs, N. S S3 

Downing, Hon. Michael A 95 

Daniels, Milton H 104 

Denny, Hon. Caleb S 108 

Dunning, M. D., L. H 120 

Dobyns, John Barger 178 

Denny, Robert 182 

Denny, Theodore Vernon 199 

Denny, Elizabeth (McLaughlin) 200 

Dunmeyer, Christian 225 

Duzan, M. D., George N 230 

Dollman, Henry 242 

Denny, Austin Flint 259 

Dearinger, Frank B 283 

David, Benjamin F 288 

Dale. Charles A 372 

Demott, John 383 

Dreier, Ernst H. G 390 

Deitch, M. D., Oscar S 398 



PAGE 



Deitch, M. D., Othello L 398 

Dunlap, Joseph A 41 8 

Donnelly, Maurice 438 

Davis, Robert 458 



Elliott, Byron K 18 

Eastman, M. D., LL. D., Joseph 21 

Edenharter, M. D., George F 35 

Emmett, Robert F 52 

English. William Hayden 73 

Eaton, Thomas Sandusky 122 

Emmerich, Prof. C. E 132 

Earp, M. S., M. D., Samuel Evingstou . . 144 

Elliott, Joel T 193 

English, Joseph K 245 

Eden, Samuel C 299 

English, Hon. Will E .325 

Eaglesfield, James T 342 

Elbracht, August 382 

Egan, Jeremiah 411 

Ernestinoff, Prof. Alexander 423 

Ellis, Hiram R 453 



Fohl, Bernie A 31 

Flick, W. B 48 

Fortune, William 112 

Fitzgerald, Philander H 147 

Foutz, John W 148 

Fitzhugh, Joseph F 149 

Fisher, Amos W., M. D 200 

Furr, John 233 

Foley, John E 230 

Frazier, Simeon 245 

Frazier, Jr., Simeon 240 

Fulton. William H 240 

Frankel, Jacob 255 

Furnas, Robert 280 

Fisher, Joseph L 347 

Fairbanks, Charles Warren 302 

Ferree, Dr. Shadrach L 371 

Fessler, Levi H 374 

Fetrow, William 413 

Field, O. T 455 



Gates, Dr. Willard G 113 

Gray, Hon. Isaac P 117 

Greene, James 147 

George, D. D. S., J. H 153 

Greene, John C 109 

Graydon, Dr. Robert Geddes 170 

Guedelhoefer, John 215 

Gordon, Willard G 271 

Gilbreath, Robert 295 



\ 



\ 



INDEX. 



PAGE 

Gray, Jonathan 302 

Gorby, Sylvester S 307 

Greenleaf, Clements A 315 

Giezendanner, William 331 

Gauld, Adam A 400 

George, Lewis 425 

Gasper, John H 456 

Gall, Albert 465 



Hovev, Gen. Alvin Peterson 17 

Hendricks, Hon. Thomas A. . 29 

Heidenreicb, John 32 

Harrison, William Henry 34 

Heiskell, M. D.. William L 41 

Hasty, M. D., George 54 

Hays, M. D., Frauklin 70 

Hartje, John 75 

Hessler, Dr. Robert 80 

Hollingsworth, Ira 84 

Hollingsworth, Daniel 85 

Hollingsworth, Francis Marion 86 

Hosbrook, Daniel Bates 92 

Haynes, M. D., John R 108 

Hawkins, W. H 120 

Hervey, M. D. , James Walter 129 

Haynes, E. A. P 135 

Hombnrg, Dr. Conradin (Jacob) 137 

Hendricks, Allan 1 59 

Hackedorn, W. E 168 

Harlan, L. P 172 

Heath, Dr. Frederic Carroll 182 

Hyde, Nelson J 186 

Henderson, J. 191 

Hovey, Alfred R 196 

Harvey, Dr. Thomas B 201 

Harvey, M. D., Jesse Butler 203 

Hord, Oscar B 218 

Honser, M. D., James A 226 

Houser, M. D., Solon K 227 

Howard. Hon. Timothy E 231 

Harold, Dr. David H 244 

Hilgenberg, Christian A 252 

Hall, Hiram Harden 263 

Hall, Prof. Archibald M 265 

Hansen, Peter C 270 

Hawkey, Stanton W 271 

Holle, Herman C 281 

Hudson, James W 283 

Heintz, Valentine 289 

Hardin, James Thomas 293 

Hahn, Orville L 296 

Hake, Carl von 297 

Hyland, James 301 

Hardacre, John 306 

Hartmann. Charles F 307 



XI 



PACE 



Holtzman, John W 317 

Head, John E 318 

Hacker, Hon. William 321 

Holman, Hon. William S 335 

Heinrichs, Charles E 341 

Hannah, Alexander M 348 

Hadley, William 353 

Habeney, Henry F 354 

Howe, Prof. Thomas Carr 354 

Harrison, Gen. Benjamin 363 

Harding, Laban 365 

Haeberle. William 367 

Heiny, Eli 367 

Hittle, Joseph 382 

Hollingsworth, William H 403 

Hartley, Col. Benjamin W 406 

Hoerger, Louis E 419 

Herig, John H 420 

Henthorn, M. D., Leroy S . . . 431 

Hnls, James H 447 

Hukriede, Ernst 448 

Henry, George S 450 

Haeberle, William 460 

I 

Ittenbach, Gerhard 300 

Indianapolis Basket Company .332 

J 

Jones, Hon. Aquilla 24 

Jones, Aquilla Q. 25 

Jameson, M. D., Patrick Henry 45 

Jennings, Presley 58 

Johnston, James Ill 

Johnson, George A 253 

Johnson, Caleb 272 

Jameson, Hon. Ovid B 375 

Johnson, Theodore 402 

Johnson, James 402 

Johnson, David 410 

Jenes, Frederick 432 

Jared, Granville 454 

K 

King, Myron D 28 

King, Isaac 64 

Kinsley, Mrs. Elizabeth 86 

Kahlo, Hon. Charles 115 

Kendrick, William H., M. D 239 

Kemper, Henry Mathews 263 

Kingsley, Adrial Sylvanus 341 

Kraas, William 361 

Knerr, Dr. Charles B 373 

Kellogg, Charles N 393 

Karrer, Charles T 403 

Kottlowski, Ernest F 415 

Kissel, Peter 441 



/ 



XI 1 



INDEX. 



i 



PAGE 



Linn, T. B 77 

Lange, Gustave C 156 

Lockwood, Virgil H 192 

Lander, William F 195 

Lewis, A. M., M. D., Edwin E 209 

Long, M. D., John B 220 

Lambert, M. D., John A 221 

Laut, Henry W 257 

Lieber, Peter 261 

Lieber, A . . . 262 

Lanktree, James W 268 

Langenberg, Henry W 276 

Le Page, John P 285 

Lawler, Francis M 287 

Landrueier, William 291 

Lang, John A 295 

Leather man, M. D., A. Lincoln 318 

Larimore, George W 350 

Lowe, Sr., Nahum H 399 

Lange, W. C 435 

Leeman, William 444 

Laitner, Louis .. . . . 459 



PAGE 



Matthews, Gov. Claude 19 

Morton. Hon. Oliver Perry . . 20 

Mitchell, Maj. James L 39 

Morrison, Frank W . . 50 

Maxwell, M. D. , Allison 57 

Malott, Volney Thomas 67 

Mack, Fred J 75 

Mueller, Ferd. A 81 

Mosier, Hon. Cyrus F 88 

Murphy, Martin J 100 

McBride, Hon. Robert W 110 

McMaster, John L 124 

Mount, Thomas R 141 

McGuffin, John B 142 

Moore, William 143 

McGregor, William 150 

Mills, Thomas P 160 

Mason, Augustus Lynch 164 

Miller, George W 174 

McNutt, J. C 176 

Morgan, Sylvester A 194 

Myers, D. A 198 

Martindale, E. B 221 

McCormick, John Lewis. ... 230 

Moorhous, Hiram 239 

McKee, Thomas M 240 

Moran. Thomas 247 

McCormick, William S 260 

McDonald, John W 262 

Morse, Thomas J 266 

Mansfield, Joseph B 266 



McCarty, Nicholas 273 

Martin, John 275 

McClain, Rev. Matthew 277 

McClain, William T 278 

Maun, Winfield Scott 279 

Mills, Joel 280 

Millhous, Henry 281 

Meadows, Charles 296 

Martin, D.D.S., G. B 297 

McConnell, J. P 330 

McGuire, Joseph A. . . . 333 

McFarland, William 338 

Mayhew, Harry M 370 

Myers, Vincent 387 

McGinnis, William 389 

Matlock, James B 395 

Miethke, Robert 398 

Magennis, James 401 

Meyer, Frederick J 406 

Mifler, George F. 427 

McConnell, Thomas 427 

Magel, Henry 436 

McOuat, Andrew W 447 

Mitchell, William J .452 

Metsker, John T 457 

Mason, Charles 457 

Miller, Samuel 458 

Miller, W. H. H 464 



Newland, Abner L 165 

Nash, M. D., George W 193 

Norris, William F 229 

Neal, Capt. J. Stut 256 

Nelson, Thomas H 269 

Nuerge & Reinking 285 

Nixon, Lee 293 

Nuerge, Charles 397 

Noble, Daniel W 439 

New, Hon. John C 466 



Outland, M. D., Edgar M 241 

O'Meara, Patrick J 428 



Pickerill, M. D., George Washington. . . 26 

Patterson, M. D., Amos W 40 

Prunk, M. D., Daniel H 59 

Prunk, Mrs. Harriet Augusta 62 

Pressly, John T 65 

Pearson, John R 83 

Pfendler, Samuel 121 

Prather, Augustin B 125 

Potter, A. M., M. D., Theodore 159 

Penn, Joseph 162 



INDEX. 



xm 



PAGE 



Pfaff, M. D., O. G 166 

Page, M. D., Lafayette F 168 

Pauli, Henry 186 

Pressler, Guido R 228 

Perry, Ph. D., M. D., Joseph Robert. . .235 

Pantzer, M. D., Hugo Otto 253 

Prange, Fred W 289 

Phillips, William Henry Harrison 292 

Park, John Thomas 349 

Purman, M. D., Darius M 352 

Pumphrey, Edward M 360 

Pape,Fred W 367 

Prange, Frank 376 

Pearson, Charles L 396 

Pierson, John W 399 

Pahud, Alfred 409 

Pendergast, John G 412 

Prindle, David J 435 



Rieman, Charles 93 

Rieman, Henry William 93 

Reynolds, Charles E 139 

Rowe, M. D., Louis M 163 

Roache, Judge Addison L 210 

Rathsam, John G 211 

Russe, Henry 212 

Reichwein, Philip 248 

Riley, James Whitcomb 255 

Reynolds, Jesse Allen 282 

Reinking, Henry E 286 

Rauh, Henry 291 

Rink, Joseph A 304 

Roberts, George H 305 

Rothert, John H 339 

Roach, William J 340 

Roberson, William N 358 

Roller, Phillip J 366 

Roth, John H 390 

Randall, Nelson A 400 

Robinson, Lew 415 

Reading, William A 424 

Roberts, Prof. J. B 425 

Rutledge, Dr. E. D 433 

Ratliff, Nathan 443 

Read, Charles W 452 

8 

Schley, Hon. John 41 

Saak, Frank 47 

Schuck, Samuel 69 

Shinn, William J 80 

Swan, Rev. George E 83 

Sullivan, W. A 90 

Sterne, Albert E 91 

Sindlinger, Peter 100* 



PAGE 

Shaw, Benjamin C . . . . 105 

Schroer, Edward E . . . .* 127 

Spafford, Thomas E 140 

Sherer, E. J 153 

Schmidt, Anton 154 

Small, Samuel 167 

Sullivan, Cornelius W 173 

Scheideler, V. G., Very Rev. Anthouv. . .177 

Scott & Sons, William A " ... 180 

Stein, M. D., Frederick 184 

Stein, Theodore 184 

Smith, William P 187 

Smith, George M 190 

Scherer, M. D., Simon P 195 

Spahr, George W 215 

Sloan, Phar. D., M. D. , George W 219 

Schaefer, M. D. , Constantine R 224 

Schrimsher, Jasper W 227 

Smythe, William H 238 

Senour, Richard 242 

Schmidt, Christian Frederick. 260 

Schmidt, John W 261 

Spielhoff, Henry 265 

Shimer, Asa N 268 

Schweikle, Jacob F 288 

Stone, Dr. Richard French 311 

Streight, Gen. Abel D 313 

Sutcliffe, M. D., John A 316 

Sewall, Theodore Lovett 321 

Sewall, Mrs. May Wright 322 

Springer, Isaac 332 

Smither, William 334 

Slater, Jacob H 345 

Sawyer, Iredell 351 

Shea, James 355 

Swain, James 356 

Strohmeyer, Deitrich F 361 

Seerley, Martin 369 

Scott, Adam 370 

Schad, Charles H . .372 

Smither, Theodore F 376 

Schmidt, Edward 378 

Sloan, William 379 

Schilling, Charles 380 

Schilling, John Frederick Henry 381 

Shaffer, George W 391 

Schmid & Sons, John C 391 

Smith, George F 393 

Shimer, Corydon R 407 

Sanders, John . 411 

Sears, John W 413 

Siegmund, William 415 

Shilling, Stephen A 417 

Swartting, Lawrence ' 421 

Smock, R. M '. 423 

Stanley, George W 429 



V 



xiv 



INDEX. 



PAC1K 



Sheehan, Thomas. . ". 429 

Smith, James H 433 

Singleton, John W 434 

Stoops, Philip. 440 

Sanders, William 442 

Stout, Furman 445 

Stoat, George W 453 

Slack, John K 454 

Schoershusen, Charles H 456 

Schwegman, William 460 

Sieg, Jacob 462 

T 

Thrasher, Prof. William 30 

Taylor, Napoleon B 71 

Thompson, Hon. Richard W 98 

Tnrpie, Hon. David 104 

Todd, Dr. Robert Nathaniel 117 

Todd, Levi L., M. D 119 

Taggart, Thomas 128 

Todd, Isaac Montreville 229 

Teneyck, Samuel Han way 270 

Tanner, Harry C 333 

Tallentire, Thomas 355 

Thornton, Charles E 377 

Thurtle, John St. George 404 

Triesy, Augustus E 414 

Tall, William R 417 

Truemper, C. J 437 

Tobin, James 451 

Teckenbrock, John H 451 

Tnrpie, Hon. David 463 

U 

Udell, Eugene 158 



Voorhees, Hon. Daniel W 87 

Varney, Major A. L 141 

Vernon, M. D., V. S., George W 214 

Von Hake, Carl 297 

Van Deman, Joshua H 346 

W 

Wright, Harvey A 32 

Wiegand, Antoine 33 

Woodburn, James H 36 

Woodburn, Dr. Frederick C 37 



PACK 

Webster, J. H 43 

Wilson, Hon. John R 50 

Wallace, Gen. Lew 59 

Wishard, M. D., William H 76 

Wehrman, M. D. , Ernest A 82 

Williams, Gov. James D 98 

Walker, Col. I. N 124 

Woodard, M. D., Nathan D 134 

Wood, Horace F 136 

Wishard, Dr. William Niles 155 

Williams, William 161 

Wright, M. D., William M 179 

Wilson, M. D., Amos L 191 

Wagner, William Henry 208 

Wollenweber, Charles L 222 

Watts, James M 223 

Wright, Isaac 234 

Wright Noah 243 

Wright, Jasper Newton 244 

Wharton, J. W 252 

Wocher, John 267 

Wright, Jesse 273 

W acker, John 284 

Wishmeyer, Christian F 290 

Wyenberg, Peter C 300 

Wright, M. D., Ivy E 331 

Witty, Capt. John B 337 

Wiese, Christian F 350 

Wenning, Dick 359 

White, William Woodford 385 

Webb, James 386 

Webb, Ira C 416 

Wulff, Conrad C 420 

Weaver, O. R 422 

Wright, T. M 426 

Wright, Winfield Taylor 445 

Worthington, Robert 450 

Wehking, Charles F 455 

Woods, Robert E 462 

Y 

Young, A. A 99 

Youart, Dr. John Milton 336 

Youart, Dr. Joseph D 337 

Z 

Zion, Alonzo A 203 

Zener, Robert 305 




V 



k 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



xv 



• TAOK 

Gen. Alvin P. Hovey Frontispiece 

Gen. Benjamin Harrison * * 

Gen. Lew Wallace * * 

Gen. A. D. Streight 

Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks * * 

Hon. Albert G. Porter 

Hon. Joseph E. McDonald " 

Hon. Oscar B. Hord 

James Whitcomb Riley " 

Hon. Millard F. Cox facing page 19 

Joseph Eastman, M. D., LL. D " 21 

Hon. Edgar A. Brown " 25 

George Washington Pickerill, M. D. " 26 

F. M. Churchman " 30 

George F. Edenharter, M. D " 35 

Maj. James L. Mitchell " 39 

J. H. Webster " 43 

W. B. Flick " 48 

Hon. John R. Wilson " 50 

Robert F. Emmett " 52 

Allison Maxwell, M. D " 57 

D. H. Prunk, M. D " 59 

Harriet Augusta Prunk ' ' 64 

John T. Pressly " 65 

Volney T. Malott " 67 

Franklin W. Hays, M. D " 70 

Hon. William Hay den English " 73 

Fred J. Mack " 75 

T. B.Linn " 77 

Ernest A. Wehrman, M. D " 82 

Dr. Henry S. Cunningham " 88 

Albert E. Sterne, M. D " 91 

John J. Carriger " 96 

Peter Sindlinger " 100 

Henry F. Barnes, M. D " 102 

C. T. Bedford, M. D. . , " 109 

Hon. Charles Kahlo " 115 

W. H. Hawkins " 120 

Col. I. N. Walker " 124 

L. H. Dunning, M. D " 126 

James Walter Hervey , M. D " 129 

Nathan D. Woodard, M. D " 134 



PAGE 

P. W. Bartholomew facing page 152 

John B. Cockrum "167 

Lafayette F. Page, M. D " 168 

George A. Boeckling " 181 

William F. Lander "195 

Theodore V. Denny " 199 

Elizabeth Denny "200 

Hon. John Caven "207 

George W. Vernon, M. D., V. S. . . "214 

George N. Duzan, M. D "230 

Hon. Timothy E. Howard "232 

William H Smvthe "238 

Hugo Otto Pantzer, M. D "253 

Thomas J. Morse "266 

John Martin "275 

Henry W. Langenberg " 276 

George W. Combs, M. D "294 

Clements A. Greenleaf " 315 

John W. Holtzman "317 

Hon. Will E. English "325 

Joshua H. Van Deman "346 

Joseph L. Fisher "348 

Edward M. Pumphrey "360 

A. Q. Jones "402 

A. W. Fisher, M. D "408 

J. G. Pendergast "412 

John M. Butler "418 

Byron K. Elliott "424 

Hon. C. S. Denny "429 

W..H. Potter "431 

Dr. J. A. Sutcliffe "435 

Charles F. Hartmann "438 

Charles Rieman (deceased) " 446 

Thomas Taggart "446 

Mrs. Benjamin Harrison " 458 

Mrs. T. A. Hendricks "458 

May Wright Sewall " 458 

Miss E. G. Browning "458 

Miss M. E. Ahem "458 

Central College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons 460 

Medical College of Indiana 462 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY", 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 



i 

u 



pICTORiaii SNb glOGRaPHICHL 

Me moirs 



...OF. 



Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana 




EN. ALVIN PETERSON HOVEY, who died while serving his first term as governor 
of Indiana, was a native Hoosier, his birth occurring in that widely famed county 
of Posey September 6, 1821, and, like thousands of others who attained prominence 
in American history, his lot in youth was one of hardship, and gave no hint of the honors 
that a strong intellect, fairly used, coupled with unwearying industry, was to bring him. 
In the common schools of his native county, which were then of the poorest, and are not now 
much better, he managed to pick up a rudimentary education which he supplemented by hard 
study after the active work of his life had begun. He studied law, and having been admitted 
to the bar in 1843, when about twenty -two years of age, he entered at once upon what his 
youth and surroundings considered was a successful and lucrative practice as an attorney at 
Mount Vernon. For seven years he devoted himself to his profession, but about 1851 he was 
elected a member of the constitutional convention by which the constitution of Indiana was 
revised, and so greatly did he distinguish himself in that body that in the next year he was 
chosen circuit judge of the Third Judicial District of his State, and, after three years' 
service upon the bench, was in May, 1854, made one of the judges of the Supreme Court of 
Indiana, but held the position only a few months. He was appointed by President Pierce, 
in 1855, United States district attorney for the District of Indiana, from which he was removed 
by President Buchanan because of having been an ardent supporter of Douglas. During 
the war with Mexico he was a lieutenant, but his company failed to secure an entry into one 
of the regiments assigned to Indiana. When the war of the Rebellion came upon the 
country, although he had never had any military training and had never shown the slightest 
aptitude or inclination for the military profession, he instantly cast aside his personal consid- 
erations, enlisted in the service and started out as colonel of volunteers, by appointment of 
Gov. Morton. His command was first employed in Arkansas, where, without any opportu- 
nity of becoming distinguished in battle, he so bore himself that he won the admiration of 
his superiors. Shortly after the reduction of Fort Donelson, for meritorious service, he was 
commissioned brigadier general, and a short time after was made major general, although 
he did not receive his commission until two years after it was granted. In time his chance 
came to show the mettle of which he was made. Transferred to the Army of Tennessee, just 
before the opening of the memorable campaign which ended on July 4, 1863, in the surren- 
der of Vicksburg, he was assigned to an important command. At the battle of Champion's 



18 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Hill, which was the pivotal one of the brief and brilliant series of engagements by which 
Gen. Pemberton was forced back with his entire army into Vicksburg, Gen. Hovey so executed 
the task which fell to his lot that Gen. Grant spoke of him, in his official report, in terms 
of highest praise, awarding him the honor of the victory at Champion's Hill, which Grant 
himself called the " key battle ' ' of his movements to get in the rear of Vicksburg. After the 
fall of this place he was sent to the field of duty where he could gain no military laurels, but 
where his services were of vital value to the Union cause, for he was put in command of the 
District of Indiana, where, with the powerful aid of Oliver P. Morton, then governor, he 
prosecuted and kept the disaffected element under control. The war being ended he resigned 
his commission in the army in October, 1865, and soon after was appointed United States 
minister to Peru, having declined the mission to Buenos Ayres, which had been tendered 
him. After holding the post of minister to Peru for five years, he resigned it in 1870, when 
he returned to Indiana and resumed the practice of law, to which he confined himself for 
the next sixteen years; but all the time having a keen interest in public affairs, both national 
and State, he put his ability as a public speaker at the service of the Republican party, 
having, prior to the war, been a Democrat. In 1886 he was a candidate of his party for 
Congress and was elected in a close district. In the House of Representatives he showed so 
much civic ability that in 1888 he was made the nominee of his party for governor of his 
State, and entered at once upon the hottest political campaign the State has ever known. 
As a result of the canvass he received a plurality of votes of 2,200 over his competitor, Gen. 
Matson, who had been a gallant Union soldier, had shown a capacity for civic office, and 
was in every way the strongest candidate the Democrats could have nominated. Being thus 
chosen as the first Republican governor Indiana has had since the war, Gov. Hovey entered 
upon the duties of his office, and in their discharge displayed the same courage, clear intel- 
lect and unsullied integrity with which he ever met every other function allotted to him. 
While fulfilling the requirements of his office he was taken ill and died November 23, 1891. 
He was a ripe Latin scholar, was determined^aM self reliant, a frequent contributor to mag- 
azine literature, and a poet of more than ordinary ability. 

Byron K. Elliott. This well-known jurist and author was born in Butler County, 
Ohio, September 4, 1835, of that sturdy Pennsylvania stock which has furnished to nearly 
all parts of the country some of their most progressive and substantial citizens. James 
Elliott, his grandfather, emigrated to Ohio from Pennsylvania in 1799. Until 1849 Judge 
Elliott lived at Hamilton, Ohio. Later he made Cincinnati his home until December, 1850, 
when he took up his residence in Indianapolis, where, at the "Old Seminary," under the 
tutelage of Mr. Lang, he completed the education he had begun at Hamilton Academy and 
continued at Furman's Seminary. In February, 1858, he was admitted to the bar, and in 
May, 1859, was elected city attorney, though he was then only twenty-four years old and 
was in the first year of his practice. After the outbreak of the Rebellion he was in the 
hundred days' service as a captain in the One Hundred and Thirty- second Regiment, and 
later was assistant adju taut -general on the staff of Gen. Milroy. Returning to Indianapo- 
lis, he resumed the practice of his profession, and in 1865, 1807 and 1869. successively, 
was elected city attorney. In October, 1870, he was elected judge of the Criminal Court, 
an office which he resigned in November, 1872, to accept the office of city solicitor, which 
was unanimously tendered him by the Common Council. In 1873 he was again elected 
city attorney. In 1876 he was elected to the bench of the Superior Court. Four years 
afterward the Republicans elected him judge of the Supreme Court for the Central District 
of Indiana. He was nominated by acclamation for the same position in 1886 and elected. 
In 1892 he was again nominated for the office, but in common with all the other candidates 
of his party, was defeated. He has served many terms as chief justice of the Supreme 
Court. In and out of his profession he is regarded as one of the purest, fairest and clear- 
est-sighted judges in the State, and there is not a judge anywhere in whose rulings and 
opinions more implicit confidence is placed than in his. He has gained a national reputa- 
tion as a writer of legal literature. Three volumes, "The Work of the Advocate,'' "The 
Law of Roads and Streets' ' and "Appellate Procedure," were the joint production of the 
Judge and his son, William F. Elliott. These works are published by the Bowen-Merrill 
Company, of Indianapolis. "The Law of Roads and Streets" has the largest and most 



\ 



PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



ASTOR, L£*'J* AND 



vALduJL^w^ 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 19 

general circulation of any law book brought out in recent years. * 'The Work of the Advo- 
cate" elicited a two-page review in the Albany Law Journal, in which the book is highly 
praised, not alone for its value to lawyers, but for its literary merit. "It is a plea8ure, ,, 
wrote the able reviewer, "to read such an excellent style, never diffuse and never barren, 
supplied with striking antitheses and enlivened with apt anecdotes. The Judge is always 
acute and ingenious." Commenting on "The Law of Roads and Streets," the Central Law 
Journal of St. Louis adds: "The high reputation and wide experience of Judge Elliott 
as a member of the Supreme Court of Indiana is such that our readers need not be told 
that he is capable of preparing a thoroughly good law book. He is the oldest and by com- 
mon consent the leading member of that court, and, indeed, in point of learning and ability, 
occupies a place in the front rank of the eminent jurists of this country. His opinions on 
the bench always exhibit great care, thought and laborious research, and contain terse, vig- 
orous statements of the law." The latest work, "Appellate Procedure," although it has 
not long been in use, has taken a place as a standard authority. It is quoted with approval 
by many of the courts throughout the country, and is much used by members of the bar of 
many of the States. Judge Elliott's address on the subject of "Local Self Government," read 
before the annual meeting of the National Bar Association at Indianapolis in 1890, is regarded 
as a masterpiece of thought and diction. His oration at the memorial services held at 
Goshen in 1890, in honor of the deceased Judge J. A. S. Mitchell, is a perfect classic, and 
is conceded to be one of the finest efforts of its kind ever delivered in Indiana. Judge 
Elliott is a lecturer on equity and jurisprudence at the De Pauw University at Greencastle, 
and the Northwestern University at Chicago. The old saying to the effect that it is the 
man who makes the office honorable, not the office which dignifies the man, was aptly exem- 
plified by Judge Elliott's five terms of service as city attorney, during which he made the 
position one of importance, worth a good lawyer's tenure and attention, whereas it had been 
a mere party makeweight previously. He has added dignity and respect likewise to every 
other of the important places he has been called upon to fill. 

Hon. Millard F. Cox, Judge of the Criminal Court, Indianapolis, is a son of Aaron and 
Mary A. (Skaggs) Cox, and was born on his father's farm near Noblesville, Ind. , February 
25, 1856. His father was of Quaker ancestry and was not only a prominent farmer, but a 
well known and respected citizen. He was postmaster at Noblesville during the administra- 
tion of President Andrew Johnson, which was the only public office he ever held, and it came 
to him unsolicited. Judge Cox's mother was a native of Kentucky, a descendant from one of 
the oldest families in the State. The Judge numbers among his ancestors men who did 
gallant service in the cause of their country in the Revolution and in the War of 1812-14. 

His mother's branch of the family inherited slaves, but freed them and removed to Ohio, \ 

where Mrs. Cox was reared, educated and married. Millard F. Cox received his education 
in the common and high schools. His law studies were well advanced under the direction 
of his uncle, Judge N. R. Overton, of Tipton, Ind., while he was yet comparatively a boy, 
and in 1875 he came to Indianapolis, and for a while was in the offices of Buell & Bartholo- 
mew and Francis M. Trissal, the latter now in Chicago. While acting as assistant reporter 
of the Supreme Court after this, he finished his law course and was admitted, in 1878, to 
practice in all the courts, including those of the United States. He soon formed a profes- 
sional partnership with Fred Heiner, a young man of then brilliant mind and prospects, 
which terminated a short time after by his removal to Tipton, where he practiced alone until 
January, 1885, meantime serving at the request of the entire bar, for two years as Master 
Commissioner of the Tipton Circuit Court. Against his protest, he was nominated by the 
Democrats for Prosecuting Attorney for Tipton and Howard Counties, and was defeated with 

the ticket of his party, which was largely in the minority. Returning to Indianapolis in ^ 

1885 he became assistant reporter to the Supreme Court and served in that capacity for four 
years. In 1890 he was nominated by his party for Judge of the Criminal Court and elected 
for a term of four years by a majority of nearly 4,000. 

Gov. Clauds Matthews. Generally age and experience are essentials to success in 
whatever branch of human endeavor a man may see fit to devote his life, and it is an indis- 
putable fact that public men seldom rise to distinction suddenly. However, in the example 
before us we have a man without any special fortuitous circumstances rising by his own 



20 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

force of character, great energy and good judgment, to the position of chief executive of hi8 
State. It is not the nurseling of wealth and fortune who has been dandled into manhood 
on the lap of prosperity, that carries away the world's honors, or wields the mightiest influ- 
ence; but it is rather the man whose earlier years were cheered by few offers of aid, and 
such has been the experience of Gov. Claude Matthews, who was born in Bath County, of 
the Blue Grass State, a son of Thomas A. and Eliza (Fletcher) Matthews, both branches of 
the family being farmers, and the maternal grandfather serving as one of Kentucky's repre- 
sentatives in Congress. He attended such schools as his native State afforded until he attained 
his fifteenth year, then removed to Mason County, his father having purchased a farm near 
Maysville. Here the schools were of a better class and he availed himself of these oppor- 
tunities by riding six miles each way daily. In 1863 he entered Center College, of Danville, 
Ky., and in June, 1867, was graduated from that institution. On January 1, of the follow- 
ing year, be led to the altar Miss Martha B. Wbitcomb, the only child of the late James 
Whitcomb, governor of Indiana from 1843 to 1849, and the same year of his marriage re- 
moved to his farm near Clinton, Vermillion County, Ind., where he has ever since made his 
home, being quite extensively engaged in the raising of grain and stock. The county of 
Vermillion has always been strongly Bepublican, and although he has always been a Demo- 
crat, he, in 1876, was persuaded to make the race for the Legislature and was elected by a 
majority of nearly 300, notwithstanding the fact that the County that • year had 
a Bepublican majority of nearly 400 on the State ticket. In 1882, by the advice 
of friends, Mr. Matthews decided to make the race for the State Senate in the district com- 
posed of Park and Vermillion Counties, and although this district had a Bepublican majority 
of 1,000, he was defeated by less than 300, which fact speaks for itself as to his 
popularity. In 1890 he was called upon by his constituents to head the State ticket 
for Secretary of State, and was elected by a majority of nearly 20,000. In the State 
Convention of 1892, although a candidate for renomination as Secretary of State, his 
party again placed him at the head of the ticket as candidate for Governor, to which posi- 
tion he was triumphantly elected, and has since discharged his duties in a manner calculated 
to win the respect and admiration of all. Mr. Matthews has always been engaged in farm- 
ing, and at the close of his official life expects to return to that work. He is a man of posi- 
tive character, strong intellect, capable of a great amount of labor, and no man is more loyal 
in his citizenship, more faithful in friendship, more devoted in home life or more worthy the 
regard of his fellow men than Gov. Claude Matthews. He has been prominently connected 
with the stock-breeding interests of the State, and has made a specialty of raising short- 
horn cattle. He was also an active member, and is yet, of the Farmers' Mutual Benefit As- 
sociation, and upon the agricultural affairs of his section he has left the impress of his own 
energy and keen discernment. 

Hon. Oliver Perry Morton, deceased. No other man has ever been more renowned 
and honored in Indiana, none has ever attained so warmly the affection of the people, and, 
of all those born within her borders, none has contributed so largely to the honor and 
dignity of the State as the subject of this sketch. Born August 4, 1823, in Wayne County, 
Ind., he was the son of James T. and Sarah (Miller) Morton. His youth and early man- 
hood gave no evidence of his future greatness, but on the contrary was of a similar character 
to that of thousands of other poor boys of that day. At Miami College, Oxford, Ohio, where 
he completed his schooling, he acquired the distinction of being the best debater in the col- 
lege, and after a two years' course he began the study of law at Indianapolis, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1847. Five years after that time he was appointed circuit judge by 
the governor, but he preferred the more active career of a practitioner to that of wearing the 
judicial robes. Until 1860 he was in active practice and during this time became celebrated 
as one of the ablest advocates ever produced by the State. Until 1854 he was a Democrat, 
bat was radically opposed to the extension' of slavery. He became a Bepublican upon the 
organization of that party and in 1856 was one of the three delegates sent from Indiana to 
the Pittsburg convention. This same year he was nominated by the Bepublicans, by accla- 
mation, for the governorship, and although defeated at the polls, he was elected to pre- 
side in the hearts of his countrymen as the ideal statesman. He never appealed to men's 
passions, but always to their intellect and reason, and whether in attack or defense proved 



/: iiK NKW YORK 



ASTO*?, LCNOX AftO 
1*T Qrt-N FSUNDATfONS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 21 

himself a ready and powerful debater. From this campaign of 1856, unsuccessful though 
it was, Mr. Morton's popularity in the State is dated and from this time forth he became 
the recognized leader of the Republican party in Indiana. In 1860 he was nominated for 
lieutenant-governor, with Hon. H. S. Lane for governor, with the distinct understanding, 
that, if the party was successful, Mr. Lane should be sent to the United States Senate and 
Mr. Morton become governor. The election of the Eepublican ticket was followed by the 
prompt fulfillment of this understanding, and thus, at the early age of thirty-seven years, 
Mr. Morton became governor of Indiana. It is said that " great emergencies make great 
men," and as it so did in the case of Gen. Grant, it likewise did in Gov. Morton's Case. 
Like a black thunder-cloud athwart the horizon, the secession movement loomed balefully 
over the political sky and threatened the disruption of the Union. Gov. Morton, upon tak- 
ing his seat, found himself supported by a loyal majority, but, to the shame of Indiana, he 
was confronted by a secret, active, unscrupulous minority, whose sympathy was not only 
with the secession movement, but whose active aid and assistance were extended to the dis- 
loyalists. In the face of these obstacles he was the first governor to proffer President Lin- 
coln troops, and through his personal pledge was enabled to raise funds for the prosecution 
of the war which a disloyal Legislature refused doing. As " war governor " Mr. Morton 
was perfection, and, taking it all the way through, his two terms as governor, were of such a 
brilliant character as to call forth the admiration of every reading man in the nation. The 
Legislature elected in 1866 made him one of Indiana's United States senators, and he was 
again chosen to this position upon the expiration of his first term. His readiness in debate, 
his keen, analytical mind and his wonderful ability made him one of the foremost men in 
the Senate chamber and enhanced his popularity as a national character. He was a promi- 
nent candidate for the presidential nomination before the Cincinnati convention that nomi- 
nated President Hayes, and in 1870 he was offered the English mission by President Grant 
but declined the position. No name shines with brighter luster in the history of our county 
than that of Gov. Morton. He died November 1, 1877. 

Joseph Eastman, M. D., LL. D. There are specialists and specialists. They 'are 
countless in number and they vary in skill as stones vary* in value from field stones to 
diamonds and rubies. As in everything else in the world, the proof of the ability of the 
specialist is in the trial. If he is really more skillful than his brother physicians in the 
regular practice he demonstrates the wisdom of leaving the treatment of other troubles to 
others who have given them more study and devoting himself to those in the treatment of 
which he excels, and it may not be too much to say that he owes it to humanity to do so. 
Indianapolis has her full quota of specialists in many branches of practice. Some are so 
incompetent as to be conspicuous for that very deficiency, and between the incompetent to 
the really skillful there are so many grades that it would be impossible to classify them. 
As good as the best, as skillful as the most skillful, as successful as the most successful, is 
Dr. Joseph Eastman. Before becoming a specialist Dr. Eastman won a reputation equally 
as great as a general practitioner, and had come to be known as one of the leading phy- 
sicians of Indiana and one of the very greatest surgeons. Dr. Eastman was born in Fulton 
County, N. Y., January 29, 1842, a son of Rilus and Catherine (Jipson) Eastman, the ma- 
ternal ancestry being German. As he was obliged to depend upon his own resources at a 
tender age, his early educational advantages were necessarily circumscribed to those afforded 
in the winter public schools and in such study as he had opportunity for nights, rainy days 
and at odd moments. Of industrious habits, he required no urging to induce him to work 
hard early and late, for work was to him the only means to success in life. Before he had 
attained the age of eighteen he had put in a three years' apprenticeship at the blacksmith's 
trade and had become a proficient worker in iron. At the outbreak of the Civil War he laid 
down the hammer, and, turning his back on the anvil, enlisted as a private in the Seventy- 
seventh New York Volunteers, and the incidents and experiences of his soldier life had a 
large part in shaping the destinies of bis future career. He participated in four of the 
leading battles fought in the early part of the war, but after the battle of Williamsburg, 
Va., he became a victim of typho-malarial fever and was sent to Mount Pleasant Hospital at 
Washington, D. C. After his recovery he was placed on light duty and later was dis- 
charged from his regiment and was appointed hospital steward in the United States Army. 



22 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

It was in the performance of the duties of this office that he became cognizant of the ambi- 
tion which later led him to eminence as a physician, and laid a most practical and useful 
foundation for an exceptionally eminent and successful professional career. During his 
three years' service in the hospital at Washington he attended three courses of lectures 
given at the University of Georgetown, from which institution he was graduated with the 
degree of M. D. in 1865. He then passed the army examination and was commissioned 
assistant surgeon of the United States Volunteers, and served with much credit in that 
capacity until mustered out of service at Nashville, Tenn., in May, 1866. Not long after- 
ward he located at Brownsburg, Ind., where, during the succeeding seven years, he was 
engaged very successfully in general practice, and, meanwhile, as opportunity offered, he 
kept up his reading and attended Bellevue Hospital Medical College, from which institu- 
tion he received his second degree of M. D. in 1871. At the request of Drs. Parvin & 
Walker, of Indianapolis, Dr. Eastman accepted the chair of Demonstrator of Anatomy in 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons of that city, and took up his residence there in 
1875. Soon afterward he was appointed consulting surgeon to the City Hospital, a position 
which he held with great credit to himself and with much benefit to that institution for nine 
years, during that time delivering courses of lectures on clinical surgery to the students. 
He was also for eight years the assistant of Dr. Parvin, the distinguished obstetrician and 
gynecologist. In 1879 he was one of the organizers of the Central College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of Indianapolis, and was induced to accept the chair of Anatomy and Clinical 
Surgery. After having taught anatomy in the two colleges mentioned for seven years a 
special chair was created for him in the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons, that of 
diseases of women and abdominal surgery, which he has held continuously ever since. During 
the past five years Dr. Eastman has been president of this college. The fame which the 
Doctor had acquired in the treatment of diseases of women and in abdominal surgery com- 
pelled him perforce to become a specialist whether or no, for the demands upon him for 
services in these branches of medical practice were so frequent and so imperative as to prac- 
tically prevent his giving due attention to general practice, and since 1886 he has devoted 
his skill and his time entirely to diseases of women and abdominal surgery. His private 
sanitarium, which was the natural outgrowth of this work in its rapid development, was 
originally established about nine years ago, and the building it occupies has recently been 
completed on architectural lines then contemplated, and the property is valued at $40,000. 
The structure is modern in design and is in every way adapted to the special uses for which 
it is intended. It has about seventy- five rooms and its sanitary arrangements are complete 
and extensive. It is as nearly fireproof as possible, it is provided with an elevator and with 
open fireplaces, which add greatly to its means for ventilation and enhance its health ful- 
ness in no small degree. The advantages of a private sanitarium over hospitals and insti- 
tutions of like character, where the patient has all the conveniences and comforts of home 
and is in close touch and in constant communication with the skillful and eminent physician, 
are evidenced by the fact that already this institution is taxed to its utmost capacity with patients 
from nearly a score of different States. This sanitarium is a credit to Indianapolis and to 
its originator, and was the first of the kind that was established in the State. During the 
period of his practice in which Dr. Eastman has given his undivided attention to his spe- 
cialty, he has performed operations which have involved incisions into the abdomen four 
hundred times and has removed cancerous womb forty times. He is the only American sur- 
geon that has ever operated for extra-uterine pregnancy by dissecting out the sack which 
contained the child and saving the life of both the infant and the mother. (See Hirst's 
American Obstetrics, Vol. II, page 270.) His operations are also referred to in other stand- 
ard text books, and have been described and discussed in all the leading American and 
European medical and surgical journals. In 1801, as a just recognition of his professional 
merit and worth, the degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by Wabash College, which 
was the occasion of his receiving numerous congratulatory letters from eminent physicians 
and surgeons in all parts of the country, which demonstrated more clearly than almost any- 
thing else could have done the extent of his fame among his medical and surgical brethren. 
Dr. Eastman has risen to a degree of skill and reputation rarely obtained in his profession 
by essentially self-made men, but he has done so only by the hardest study and research, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 23 

which has enabled him not only to keep abreast with, but in advance of, the great army of 
physicians and surgeons of his time. Not long since he attended the International Medical 
Congress at Berlin, and visited Vienna, Paris, London and many of the great centers of 
medical instruction for which the European continent is noted. The demands upon his 
time and knowledge at State and national conventions of physicians and surgeons are numer- 
ous and exacting, and they have included invitations to read papers before the Chicago 
Gynecological Society and before the American Medical Association at its session at Milwau- 
kee, in June, 1893. He was also selected as one of a limited number to contribute papers 
on gynecology and abdominal surgery, at the meeting of the Pan-American Congress which 
convened at Washington, D. C, in September, 1893, he having twice before acceded to a 
similar demand with distinguished credit to himself and to the most unbounded gratification 
of a large body of eminent physicians and surgeons before whom he appeared. In 1868 he 
was married to Mary Catherine Barker, daughter of Thomas Barker, of Indianapolis. His 
two sons, Thomas B. and Joseph R. Eastman, are at this time reading medicine under his 
direction. Dr. Eastman is exceptionally well informed, not alone in his profession and 
its history and literature, but in other lines of scientific investigation, and has a range of 
knowledge upon an infinitude of topics which is a constant surprise to all who know him. 
His opinions on political, economical and other questions affecting the general public are 
most decided. The Doctor is a member of Roper Commandery, a Knight Templar 
Mason, and is identified with numerous other societies and organizations not connected with 
his profession. He is a member of both the Philadelphia and Boston Gynecological Soci- 
eties, and he is identified with so many lesser associations of physicians and surgeons that 
space does not admit of a mention of them all in this connection. He was elected chairman 
on the Section of Diseases of Women of the National Medical Association at the convention 
held at Milwaukee, June, 1893. 

Hon. Schuyler Colfax was a true representative of what an American boy can become 
by his own unaided efforts. His life began in the city of New York, March 23, 1823, and, 
owing to the death of his father prior to his birth, he became the only living child of a 
widowed mother. Gen. William Colfax, his grandfather, was a lieutenant in the Continental 
army when only nineteen years old, and was a close and confidential friend of Gen. 
Washington. Gen. Colfax married Hester Schuyler and their third son was Schuyler 
Colfax, who was the father of the subject of this sketch. It was in his native city that 
Schuyler, Jr., received his early schooling. At ten years of age he began clerking in a 
store and at thirteen immigrated westward and found a home in New Carlisle, Ind., where 
he clerked until 1841, when he moved to South Bend. Prior to attaining his majority he 
served as reporter of the Senate for the State Journal and later was appointed deputy 
auditor of St. Joseph County. Instinctively he liked and seemed to grasp the ideas neces- 
sary to make a successful newspaper man. Purchasing the St. Joseph Valley Register in 
1845. of which he was the founder, he continued its editor and publisher for a period of 
eighteen years, obtaining renown as a brilliant writer on all the principal topics of the day. 
His first election to office was in 1850, when he became a member of the convention which 
framed the new constitution of the State. As a Whig he was nominated, much to his sur- 
prise, for Congress in 1851, but was defeated by about 200 votes, claimed by his friends to 
have been illegally cast at Michigan City. The year following he was a delegate to the 
National Convention which nominated Gen. Scott for the presidency, and in 1854 was 
elected to the Thirty -fourth Congress by 1,776 votes, although the district the preceding 
election gave a Democratic majority of 1,200. In 1858 he was re-elected to Congress and 
was made chairman of the Committee on Postoffices and Postroads. He was elected to the 
special session of Congress (the Thirty- seventh) called to provide for the prosecution of the 
war, and was active in raising troops for the suppression of the Rebellion. At the organization 
of the Thirty-eighth Congress Mr. Colfax was elected speaker on the first ballot, and in the 
Thirty-ninth Congress was re-elected to the position by a majority of 103 votes. At the organi- 
zation of the Fortieth Congress Mr. Colfax was a third time elected speaker which fact 
attested his popularity with his colleagues. The favor with which his name was received was 
not confined to the halls of Congress, but extended all over the country, and so manifest 
was this that he was nominated by the Republican party for the office of Vice- President of the 



24 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

United States in 1868 and was triumphantly elected. At the expiration of his term of office 
he returned to South Bend and, declining further political preferment, was practically retired 
from active life until his death. His home life was one of purity, happiness and affection. 
He was an ardent member of the I. O. O. F. and was founder of the Daughters of Rebecca 
degree. For a number of years he devoted his leisure to the delivery of lectures, princi- 
pally upon the life and character of Abraham Lincoln, and in the prosecution of this work 
was found in almost every northern state in the Union. Mr. Colfax died in Mankato, Minn., 
January 13, 1885. * 

Hon. Aquilla Jones (deceased). There is no name connected with the political, manu- 
facturing and commercial history of Indianapolis held in more honored memory than that of 
the late Hon. Aquilla Jones, who was born in Forsyth (then Stokes County), North Carolina, 
July 8, 1811. His parents, Benjamin and Mary Jones, were of Welsh extraction. His 
father emigrated to Indiana in 1831 and located at Columbus, Bartholomew County, where 
Elisha P. Jones, an older brother of Aquilla' s, had preceded them and was engaged in 
merchandising; was the postmaster, and was otherwise a citizen of prominence. Aquilla 
entered his brother's store as clerk and was thus employed until August, 1836, when he 
removed to Missouri. In 1837 he returned to Columbus and became ''mine host" of a well 
known hotel. Not long afterward, his brother, Elisha P. Jones, died, and purchasing his 
stock in 1838, Aquilla succeeded him as a merchant, and was, by the unanimous choice of 
the people of the town, made postmaster.. He had as partners his brothers Charles and B. F. 
Jones, successively, continuing the business until 1856, andi during much of that long period 
held the office of postmaster. He was the incumbent of this office first from 1838, when he 
was appointed by Pres. Van Buren, until removed by Pres. Tyler in 1841. He was 
reinstated by Tyler and retained the office until removed by Pres. Taylor in 1849. His 
abilities were recognized in 1842 by his election to represent Bartholomew County in the 
House of Bepresentatives of 1842 and 1843. In 1854 he received the appointment as 
Indian agent of Washington Territory, one of the most desirable and profitable offices in 
the gift of the President, but he declined it, as he did later a similar office in New Mexico. 
Meantime he had continued the mercantile business. This, however, he relinquished on his 
election, in 1856, to the office of State Treasurer of Indiana on the Democratic ticket by a 
handsome majority of 7,000, running far ahead of the ticket. He was renominated in 1858, 
but declined the honor. About this time he was nominated by a Democratic caucus for 
Agent of the State, but this office he also refused to accept. His incumbency of the office 
of State Treasurer had made him a resident of Indianapolis, and in 1856 he disposed of his 
stock in the Columbus Bridge Company, which erected the bridge across the east branch of 
the White River and of which he had been president, holding a controlling interest, since its 
organization in 1849. In 1861 he was chosen treasurer of the Indianapolis Boiling Mill 
Company and twelve years later he was made its president. In 1873 he was also chosen 
president of the Indianapolis Water Works Company, but for private reasons resigned four 
months later and devoted his time more wholly to other interests: Until Mr. Jones and his 
associates took hold of the rolling mill enterprise, it had never been popular, but under 
their management, in which Mr. Jones was the directing spirit, it entered upon a period of 
prosperity which made it one of the great manufacturing interests of the State and one of 
the leading producers of railroad iron in the West. For more than half a century Mr. 
Jones was engaged in active business and was successful beyond many of his contempo- 
raries, a fact due largely to his industry, his intimate knowledge of everything bearing on 
business transactions and his indefatigable enterprise. He might at any time during his 
residence there have had any office in the gift of the people of Bartholomew County, and his 
election to the important office of State Treasurer, demonstrated his more extended popu- 
larity. He was married in 1836, to Sarah Ann, daughter of Evan Arnold, who did not long 
survive. In 1840 he married Harriet, daughter of Hon. John W. and Nancy Cox, of Mor- 
gan County, Ind., who bore him children named Elisha P., John W., Emma, Benjamin F., 
Charles, Aquilla Q., Edwin S., William M., Frederick, Harriet and Mary. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jones were members of the St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, in which Mr. Jones 
was a vestryman. Mr. Jones died July 12, 1891; his wife and nine children survive him. 



PUBUCUBRARV. 



AsTO S. IEHO* ANO 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 25 

Aquilla Q. Jones, son of Hon. Aquilla Jones, whose biographical sketch precedes this 
is one of the best known and most popular and successful lawyers in Indian- 
apolis. Born in Columbus, Indiana, April 14, 1852, of his father's sons he was the fifth in 
order of nativity. His education was begun in the common schools and carried forward at 
Farmington, Me., at the State University in Bloomington, and at Bacine College, Wiscon- 
sin. He was graduated from the last -mentioned institution in the full classical course with 
the class of 1873, at the age of twenty-one. Soon afterward having determined to devote 
his talents and energies to the study and practice of law, he became a student in the office of 
Band & Taylor, and in the fall of 1874 he entered the law department of Columbia College, 
New York, and there completed his legal course. He entered actively upon the practice of 
his profession in Indianapolis in 1875 and for a time was associated with W. S. Byan. La- 
ter, for a time, he practiced in connection with Charles B. Bockwood. In 1880 the law firm 
of Sullivan & Jones was formed, the members being Thomas L. Sullivan, the present Mayor 
of Indianapolis, and Aquilla Q. Jones, which has since been unbroken except during the 
time Judge Sullivan has been on the bench or occupying the executive chair of the city of 
Indianapolis. In January, 1892, Mr. Jones formed a partnership with Hon. A. C. Ayres, 
late Judge of the Marion County Circuit Court, and that partnership now continues under 
the firm name of Ayres & Jones. In 1893 Mr. Jones was appointed City Attorney and he is 
now filling that responsibility with much credit and success. In his private practice he has 
a large and constantly increasing clientage and he is regarded as an able advocate and a safe 
counselor, and it may be said of him that he is equally well known in all the courts. He is 
an influential member of the Bar Association, of the Commercial Club and of the Board of 
Trade, and is also actively identified with the Hendricks Club. For many years he has been 
a vestryman and is now Junior Warden of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church. He was 
married in 1881 to Miss Anna L. Baschig, daughter of Charles M. Baschig, for many years a 
prominent citizen of Indianapolis. As a citizen, Mr. Jones is eminently public spirited and 
helpful to every cause tending to the benefit of any large class of his fellow citizens. He is 
personally very popular and counts among his frieuds many of the leading men of Indiana. 

Hon. Edgar A. Brown. The judges of the various courts established in Indianapolis, 
have always been noted for their character and ability, and one of the most popular of the 
many worthy men elevated to the bench in the history of Marion County jurisprudence, is 
the Hon. Edgar A. Brown, judge of the Marion circuit court. Mr. Brown comes of the 
sturdiest New England stock and is a son of William P. Brown, a native of Vermont. He 
was born at Lennox, Ashtabula County, Ohio, August 10, 1848, and passed his boyhood 
assisting his father in his business. He was educated at Grand Biver Institute, Austinburg, 
Ohio, and then engaged in school teaching, giving all his spare time to the study of law 
which he began under the direction of Hon. Jacob B. Julian, of Centreville, Ind., and com- 
pleted in the office of J. M. Bills of Indianapolis. He was admitted to the bar in 1872. In 
1877 he formed a partnership for the practice of his profession with Hon. A. C. Ayers, 
which existed until the elevation of the latter to the bench. Three years later the firm of 
Ayers, Brown & Harvey was formed and continued until 1890, when Mr. Brown was elected 
judge of the circuit court for a term of six years. While Judge Brown is at home in the 
field of general literature and is a close student of affairs, it is as a jurist pre-eminently that 
his reputation has been made. He has all the qualifications of a judge; learned in the 
principles of the law, with the judicial faculty in a high degree of applying them to the 
facts, courteous in his treatment from the bench and utterly fearless in his decisions, he has 
well earned the reputation he enjoys of an able and upright judge. It is well known that 
no member of the Marion County Bar would hesitate to bring an action before him for fear 
that personal or political prejudice would in any manner influence his decision. He has 
established for his court the character of a forum where men and causes shall alone be 
judged by the rules of law and equity, unaffected by extraneous conditions, and has acquired 
for himself a worthy place in the judiciary of his State, with every prospect of a bright pro- 
fessional and political future. Judge Brown is a man of strong domestic tastes, is married 
and has several children. He is a member of the National and County Bar Associations and 
of several of the prominent literary societies of the city, to all of which he has on every 
occasion cheerfully given his time and influence. His term of office expires in November, 1896. 



26 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

George Washington Pickerill, M. D. In all the elements of higher manhood George 
Washington Pickerill, M. D., is the peer of the best of his race and his life is one that merits 
a lengthened record, that it may prove an example for the emulation of others. He was 
born at Cicero, Hamilton County, Ohio, August 31, 1837, his father and mother, Samuel J. 
and Mahala M. Pickerill, having immigrated from Brown County, Ohio, in 1832 to this 
point, while it was yet a wilderness. The father was among the first of the dauntless spirits 
to engage in platting and organizing the now thriving town of Cicero, and after seing it grow 
into a prosperous village, removed with his family to Clinton County, Ind., where the pioneer 
life was lived over with all its perils and dangers. The wild and savage beasts of the woods 
made the air resound with their cries and the wilder savage red man threatened with toma- 
hawk and kuife. Amid such scenes the early days of George were passed and his education 
was limited to the subscription school of three months in the year. In 1848 the father took 
his family to La Fayette, Ind., and George, at the age of eleven, went in his father's store, 
but his ambitious mind would not forego the benefit of the school, which was taught in the 
winter. At the age of seventeen the intelligent lad entered the Northwestern Christian 
University, now Butler, fired with the determination to be a minister, an idea implanted by 
his father's ardent desire and the urgent pleadings of the preachers who visited his father's 
house, which was 4 'preacher's home" in all that territory. At the end of three years his 
heart's desire was gratified and he entered upon the preacher's life with the enthusiasm of a 
young Paul. He was fluent in speech, earnest, devout and eloquent. For two years he 
labored earnestly and spoke with persuasive force, and then grave doubts filled his breast. 
He was not lacking in love for the work, nor was his zeal abated ; still a voice within bade 
him halt and "take his hand from the plow." Introspection revealed the fact that his mind 
was speculative, combative, scientific and progressive — traits which were taking complete 
control of him and which he could not possibly resist, and which would bring him into con- 
flict with the conservative spirit of the church. The ideal preacher of his youth and college 
days was in absolute antagonism with the actual preacher he was becoming, and the disap- 
pointment was terrible. For the sake of peace in the church and to follow the lead of his 
own conscience he withdrew from the ministry. Rejecting the law from a mistaken under- 
standing of its scope he turned to the study of medicine, he having long been a student of books 
on physical life. Reverses in his father's business threw him upon his own resources at the 
age of twenty. Still undismayed, he taught school and studied medicine in the meantime. 
For live years he taught, his first school being at his old home, La Fayette, and his second 
at Paxton, 111., and at the latter place one of his pupils, a black-eyed little miss, Melvina E. 
Hall, captured his heart. His love was returned, but they waited for twenty-five long years 
before the day of consummation of their happiness; she waiting in sublime faith anddevotion, 
while he struggled to acquire a competency. But the longest road has its turning, and the 
long waited for dayfinally arrived. the 17th day of May, 1887, the dawn of abliss as perfect as 
it is possible for mortals to attain unto. The happy couple in their married life seemed to be 
repaid for all their years of delay and disappointment. Alas, this bright and happy period 
had a sad and terrible termination, for in a little less than oneyear this brave wife and beloved 
woman died, a sacrifice upon the sacred altar of maternal love. Of this sad and terrible 
bereavement the following touching account was handed us by a friend, it having appeared 
in the doctor's paper, the Medical Free Press : 



< 



'IN MEMORY. 



"The angel of death came and claimed our wife and infant child. A wife little less than one short 
year. A sacrifice on the sacred altar of maternal love; an incense as pure and holy as the angel ever 
wafted from the shrine of connubial l'delity and affection. She is gone and we are left alone — utterly, 
sadly alone, but with the assurance 

"Here, down here 'tis dust to dust; 
There, up there 'tis heart to heart." 

Tears may speak, but the heart and pen are crushed. Hence we present an editorial 
from the Paxton (111.) Record, Mr. N. E. Stevens, editor: 

" GONE TO HER REST.'' 

Died, in this city, on Saturday, April 2, at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Hall, Mrs. 
Melvina E. Pickerill, wife of Dr. George W. Pickerill, of Indianapolis, Ind. The deceased was one of 



rrr" NV .wV«K 

?.?BUC UBRAR'' 



AS Nt ,.,ND'-T.ONS. 



TU 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 27 

the best known and most highly esteemed of Paxton's daughters, having resided in this city and vicinity 
since her childhood days, until a year since, when she married and removed to Indianapolis, her death 
occurring while on a visit to her friends in this city. Mrs. P. was a Christian in the highest sense of the 
term. II • r life in Paxton was noted for the good work she accomplished in society, the church and 
Sabbath-school. In Indianapolis, though a comparative stranger, she won the esteem of the Christian 
people in and out of her own church by her untiring labors. The marriage of this couple was something 
of the romantic. Twenty-six years ago, Dr. Pickenll, then a penniless young man, taught school in the 
Strayer district, in what is now Button township, and Miss Hall was his pupil. The acquaintance ripened 
into love and they became engaged. The would-be benedict started out in the world to make the fortune 
which should make it possible for them to marry. Adopting medicine as a profession he struggled for 
an education, and graduated both from Ann Arbor, Mich., and the Eclectic Medical Institute, of Cincin- 
nati, and twenty years ago settled down to practice in Indianapolis. Years of time were required to 
acquire a practice and accumulate means, and during the long delay correspondence had ceased and 
they had heard nothing from each other, yet the old love remained and neither married. In the mean- 
time the doctor had taken high rank in his profession, being at that time a professor of physiology in the 
Indiana Eclectic Medical College, and editor of the Indiana Eclectic Medical Jmrnal now Medical Free 
Press. Two years ago they met at Indianapolis, after twenty-four year's separation. The old love 
remained undiminished, and a year later they were married in that city. The eleven months which have 
expired since have been full of happiness for them, and though the end is abrupt and sad beyond descrip- 
tion to the bereaved husband, he has the consolation not only of earthly friends but in the assurance 
that she has but gone before to a better world where he will surely follow. We had the pleasure of the 
acquaintance of Dr. Pickerill while he was in the city, and found him a genial and intelligent gentleman 
of broad information and much enjoyed our interview with him." 

In the year 1884 Dr. Pickerill became editor and publisher of the Indiana Eclectic 
Medical Journal, then in its second year. In 1890 he changed its name to Medical Free 
Press, and this he still owns and edits, putting in most of his time in this, a labor of love. 
Because of broken health, caused by overwork and exposure in the practice of his profession, 
he confines his practice to his office. For the same reason he has resigned his connection 
with the college. The terrible bereavement through which he 1ms just passed has cast a 
gloom over his life, from which he will probably never emerge. The love for the estimable 
woman for whom he had labored more than three times as long as did J"acob for Rachel had 
intensified with the years, and he had counted upon a long period of wedded happiness 
so that the shock of the loss was and is yet unbearable. Still, with the weight of 
this sorrow that will not be comforted, arid with the burden of ill health, he works 
along stoically and with a sense of duty, giving a large share of his time to study, 
reading and reflection, these qualities and virtues having clung to him tenaciously through 
all the vicissitudes of bis career. He does not care much for light literature, but religious, 
scientific and philosophical subjects are absorbing passions with him, and he pursues them 
with all the ardor that characterized him in the olden days when he was passing through the 
struggle of remaining in the ministry or giving it up for something else. Those who know 
the Doctor well realize that his nature is profoundly sympathetic, like as the pity of a father 
for his children, he being keenly alive to the joys and the sorrows of others. He is a warm 
geuerons friend, yet his is the faculty that can love intensely without hating; for no matter 
how much one may have injured him he does not and cannot bear malice, or seek revenge 
against the offender. He is naturally of a moRt lively temper; indeed it is somewhat cyclonic, 
at times, in its intensity, and like the cyclone its force is soon spent. It is not possible that 
a nature as intense as his could escape such ebullitions. But to his infinite credit be it said, 
he overcomes himself, and therein is mightier than he who overcometh a city. In the 
language of the Book, he gets angry but sins not. When the storm provoked by the iniquity 
of some one has stirred the depths of his being, it rapidly dissipates without having done 
any hurt, for at such a time he keeps within the compass of his own dominion, and with the 
dissipating of the clouds an infinite calm succeeds and a humility succeeds and a full and 
free pardon of the offender is granted, whether forgiveness be asked or not. Thus his life 
has passed, chiefly solitary, except in the one short year of his married life, yet it has been a 
life of usefulness, largely devoted to the healing of the afflicted and the using of his whole 
influence in making people brighter and better. In the hours of his weightiest sorrow, 
even, he must find a measure of solace at least, in the reflection that his life has been unselfish 
and that it has been privileged him to do much good to his fellow mortals in his journey 
along the road of life. Early in life or about the age of fifteen years he united with the 
Christian Church and it is now the happy thought of his life that he has lived a devoted 
adherent to his faith. 



30 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

was nominated for Governor in 1872 and was decisively elected, serving as chief executive 
officer of the State four years. He became the political idol of the Democrats of the State 
and their earnest support, and his national popularity gained for him the vice-presidential 
nomination in 1876, but was defeated with Gov. Tilden. In 1884 he was again honored by a 
nomination for this exalted office, and was elected with President Cleveland. In the midst of 
his administration his career on earth ended. 

Prof. William M. Thrasher. This gentleman, distinguished in the educational 
annals of Marion County, is a product of Fayette County, Ind. , born July 26, 1833, and is a 
descendant of an old colonial family, his ancestor being one of three brothers who emigrated 
from England about the middle of the last century. One of the brothers settled in Portland, 
Me., married a Cuban wife, and to him was born John S. Thrasher, the well-known editor, 
with an able introduction, of Humbolt's History of Cuba. John S. resided in Havana, was 
suspected of complicity with the Lopez invasion of Cuba in 1 850, was imprisoned at Madrid, 
but subsequently released in 1851 by intervention of the United States Government through 
its Secretary of State, Daniel Webster. John, ancestor of our subject, settled in Maryland 
and was a soldier of the Revolution. His son, Josiah, emigrated to Kentucky, married and 
became a noted Indian fighter in the early annals of Kentucky. He, with his ' eldest son, 
John, who had married Elizabeth Bush, a near relative of Dr. Benjamin Bush, of Phila- 
delphia, and his grandson, Woodson W., emigrated to Bush County, Ind., in 1824. In 
1831 Woodson W. Thrasher married Barbara Daubenspeck, a native of Cynthiana, Ky., and 
to them were born Prof. W. M. ; John P., of Fayette County; Elizabeth, deceased wife 
of Dr. James P. Orr, of Bushville, Ind. ; Hattie, deceased wife of Dr. Samuel Bell, of Dub- 
lin; Sarah, wife of A. W. Yandeman, of Denver, Colo. ; Dr. Marion, of San Francisco, Cal. ; 
Dr. Allen B., a distinguished specialist, of Cincinnati, and Ollie, wife of Marshall Black- 
ledge, of Bush County, Ind. The father, Woodson, served one term in the State Legisla- 
ture and several terms as County Commissioner. He was known through Indiana and Ken- 
tucky as a breeder of short-horn cattle, founded an academy of collegiate grade and died in 
1886, an active member of the Christian Church. His wife followed him in 1892. Prof. 
William M. passed his childhood and youth on a farm in his native county, and studied several 
years in the Fairview Academy under the tutelage of Prof. A. B. Benton, afterward the 
president of Butler University. He graduated in 1854 from Bethany Colege, W. Va. , after 
which he taught a classical school at Bushville, Ind., from 1854 to 1865. In April of the 
last named year he entered Butler University as professor of mathematics and astronomy, 
which chair he has filled ever since with the exception of one year, 1873-4, which he spent 
pursuing higher mathematical branches at Heidelberg University, Germany. Since leaving 
Germany he has been many years a student of advanced mathematics in the English, French 
and German languages. He has always been an extensive reader of literature in several 
languages, writes easily, but has written nothing for publication except in newspapers. His 
dry humor, keen sense of the ridiculous and extensive acquaintance with literature have 
aided in rendering his lectures quite popular with the university students. The Professor 
is a member of the Indiana Academy of Science, and as a teacher is among the most suc- 
cessful in the State. In 1862 Prof. Thrasher married Miss Demi a Thayer, daughter of 
Spencer Thayer and niece of Ovid Butler, Esq., of Indianapolis. Four children were born 
to this union: Corinne, wife of O. O. Carvin, of Indianapolis; Sallie, wife of A. J. Brown, 
of Grand Bapids, Mich.; Nettie (deceased); Dr. Allen Wade, of Indianapolis, and Bay - 
mond T. 

F. M. Churchman (deceased). The influence of a good man will be ever expanding 
with the lapse of time, and his deeds of charity and acts of love will live to commemorate his 
name and perpetuate his memory. It can be truly said that a great and good man has been 
gathered to his fathers, but his virtues live after him, and his reputation sustained under the 
conflict of a long career of extraordinary activity, bears no blemish; and his name is every- 
where mentioned with respect and honor. F . M. Churchman was a native of the Keystone 
State, born in Schuylkill County, and on April 5, 1833, when but an infant, he was taken by 
his father to Wilmington, Del, where he remained upon a farm near that city until 
eleven years of age. He received but a limited education and in 1846 his half brother, the 
late W. H. Churchman, founder of the Indiana Institution for the Blind, asked the father to 



-tfiM. 



. ut-t/j jylx^x^^ty^^/ 



PUSLlCLlbRAM 

ASTOR, IEMOX ANO 
„ LOtN fSONOATK^ 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 31 

let him take our subject west with him. He took young Churchman to raise and the latter 
remained with his brother, W. H. Churchman, a year or two, or until about sixteen years of age. 
He was then taken into the bank of the late S. A. Fletcher, Sr., the bank at that time being a 
small institution, and filled the office of messenger. Two or three years later he was made 
bookkeeper. He continued to live with his brother, reading to him at night, and stimulated 
by a natural taste for reading, he gradually acquired by this practice a vast fund of infor- 
mation. At the time of his death he possessed a very fine library. In 1865 Mr. Churchman 
was admitted to partnership in the institution that owes so much of its reputation for sta- 
bility and financial prominence to his close application to business, and continued there until 
the close of his life. Mr. Churchman was a man of rare force of character, strictest integ- 
rity, and, coming from Quaker stock, was very reticent. He seldom had anything to say, 
was mild but firm, and his advice when given was sound. Identified for forty years with 
the same institution his career was unusual. He took few vacations and was gifted with an 
almost unerring penetration, his opinions being often sought on financial questions. He 
had untold opportunities to go into almost every financial and business enterprise that has 
been started in Indiana, but always declined offering his counsel or financial assistance, but 
keeping his business interests confined within the limits of his profession of which he was so 
thoroughly the master. Mr. Churchman's only diversion was his 240 acres of land below 
Indianapolis, where he resided for twenty years before his death. There he led a simple 
life, giving much attention to the breeding of blooded cattle and horses, with which his 
farm was well stocked. He was entirely devoid of ostentation, and true to his own training, 
reared his family as he had been reared, offering them of course all the educational facilities 
possible in business and literature . 

Bebnie A. Fohl. This gentleman is one of the most popular florists of Indianapolis. 
His father intended that he should become a minister, but he turned his attention to the 
cultivation of roses. Could any one preach more unintermittingly or more eloquently? 
Does not one rose tell more of the power of the Creator and the beauty of the universe — 
more of living and dying yet living again — than a thousand sermons? And in Mr. Fohl's 
greenhouses are thousands of roses, roses of all colors and shades, of all varieties and all 
sizes. His conservatories at Mississippi and Thirtieth Streets are the most extensive in the 
State, comprising twenty thousand feet under glass, and they stand in the midst of five acres 
of ground all abloom with roses. The story of the development of an enterprise of so much 
beauty is interesting but less so than the study of the life of the man who originated and 
built it up. Mr. Fohl was born near Dublin, Ind., May 6, 1858, a son of Rev. John and 
Mary Ann (Radebangh) Fohl, both natives of Pennsylvania. Rev. John Fohl has been a 
minister of the United Brethren Church since 1817. For several years past he has been 
superanuated, but he has really worked harder for the church since than he ever did before. 
He devotes much time to the interests of the American Bible Society which necessitates his 
traveling a good deal, which is peculiarly burdensome to most men of his years. He is now 
past eighty-eight but he stands fully six feet high in his stockings and the natural shade of 
his hair has not as yet been tinged with gray. His family is noted for longevity. Only a few 
years since, his mother died aged ninety-seven and retained all her mental faculties to the 
last. She had been a member of the church for nearly or quite three quarters of a century. 
His wife is still living in her eighty-fourth year and they have been the parents of thirteen 
children all of whom grew to manhood and womanhood, and nine of whom are living at this 
time. For seventeen years prior to 1868 Rev. Mr. Fohl and his family lived in Indiana, 
but at that time they returned to Pennsylvania. Bernie A. Fohl, the youngest son of this 
worthy couple was ten years old when his parents returned to Pennsylvania. He attended 
the public schools there and later was a student at Chili Seminary, near Rochester, N. Y. 
He was graduated, however, from the High School at Chambersburg, Penn., in 1876. His 
mother was a lover of flowers and she literally had her door yard full of them. 
Bernie helped her to cultivate them. Hence his own love of flowers was partly inherited, 
and partly cultivated as it were and that he determined to give his life to the growth and im- 
provement of flowers is not to be wondered at. In October, 1877, he came to Indianapolis 
and took charge of the grounds at Crown Hill Cemetery In 1881 he went to Peru, Ind., 
and engaged in business there as a florist with much success for a time, but at the end of 



32 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

four years, owing to causes 'which form no essential part of this narrative, he found himself 
out of pocket to a considerable extent, and gathering together what remained to him he re- 
turned to Indianapolis and entered the employ of Charles Rieman, the florist, at the insig- 
nificant salary of eight dollars a week. Finally, aided by a building and loan association, 
he was enabled to purchase an acre of ground at the corner of Tennessee and Twenty-second 
Streets which he began to improve, though remaining in Mr. Rieman' s employ for two years 
thereafter. At the expiration of that time he again entered the business on his own account. 
In December, 1890, he sold this place for which, unimproved, he had paid $250, for $5,000 
and removed to his present location where he purchased five acres of ground upon which he 
has since put improvements worth $10,000. Since beginning business here Mr. Fohl has 
met with a degree of success of which any man might be proud. He ranks as one of the 
leading citizens and enterprising business men, and enjoys, in a remarkable degree, the re- 
spect of all who know him. He was married in March, 1880, to Sarah J. Wheatcraft of In- 
dianapolis and they have two bright and promising sons, Bernie A., Jr., and Robert R. 
Bernie, now twelve years of age, has recently graduated from the high school at Mapleton 
and has the distinction of being Marion County's youngest graduate. Mr. Fohl and his 
family are communicants of the Baptist Church, and Mr. Fohl is a liberal supporter of all 
the direct and auxiliary interests of his church and denomination. 

John Heidenreich. The gentleman whose name is at the head of this sketch is the 
manager of the firm of J. Heidenreich & Co. , also one of the proprietors of what is known as 
the Southside Greenhouses, on Applegate and Morton Streets. He is a business man who 
never suffers his business to push him ; but, on the contrary is constanfly extending his field 
of operations and is seeking new, yet always safe, paths. He makes a specialty of growing 
roses, that most beautiful flower, and has from 2,000 to 3,000 potted rose plants each year 
on sale, which, under his skillful care of growing them, bear almost innumerable fine blos- 
soms. He keeps the choicest, rarest and costliest varieties and also keeps a large and very 
fine lot of cut flowers of all kinds, the most of which he raises in his extensive and finely 
equipped greenhouses. He owns four lots on Applegate Street, four on Morton Street and 
has 6,000 feet under glass, in four fine greenhouses. All this improvement has been made 
by him, for which he deserves great credit, for he started in the business with only two 
small lots, and now has extensive premises as above stated. This desirable state of affairs 
has been brought about by keen business foresight and providence. The gentlemen connected 
with the firm have always dealt fairly by their patrons and as a natural sequence have met 
with a substantial reward and are now comfortably provided with the good things of this 
world. Mr. Heidenreich owes his nativity to Germany where he was born on July 6, 1866, 
his father being Joseph Heidenreich, who is a well known and successful nurseryman in the 
vicinity of Berlin, Germany. He has made a specialty of growing fruit trees, in which he 
has been very successful and he is now a well-to-do citizen. In his native land John Heiden- 
reich was reared and educated, and, while not pursuing his studies in school, his time was 
employed in assisting his father, during which time he acquired a taste for his present calling 
and learned many of its details which have been of great benefit to him since starting in 
business for himself. In 1883 he came to the United States and the same year to Indian- 
apolis, and here he at once, with characteristic energy, commenced working at his trade in 
the employ of other firms until 1890 when he embarked in the business for himself, in which 
short time an extensive and most profitable business has been built up, the result of intelli- 
gent grasp of the enterprise and of faithful, honest and persistent work. Customers have not 
been slow to learn where their interests lie and when once their establishment is patronized 
that patron is sure to come again. Mr. Heidenreich's partner in business is John Grande, 
a wide-a-wake and enterprising mau of business and the excellent commercial qualifications of 
these two gentlemen combined make them a strong and reliable firm. Mr. Heidenreich is a 
* member of the Indianapolis Florist's Club and the Indiana State Society. 

Harvey A. Wright. This gentleman is the proprietor of Wright's Home-made Mince- 
meat Factory, which business he established on a small scale at his residence in 1883. The 
first year he sold his goods to private parties, and manufactured his mincemeat on a No. 7 
cooking stove, amounting in all to 4,700 pounds. The second year he made five tons; the 
third year he employed a delivery wagon and made ten tons for the Indianapolis trade. The 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 33 

business has steadily increased in volume until it has now reached enormous proportions 
and is conducted in a building 33x80 feet, necessitating the employment of twelve people. 
At the present time thirty-two tons of mincemeat are made annually, thirty-one tons being 
for the Indianapolis trade. In 1892 he began the manufacture of mince pies, the sale of 
which has increased from $200 to $700 per month. Mr. Wright was born in Stowe, Mass. , 
August 29, 1835, his parents being Oliver and Lydia (Austin) Wright, both natives of the 
Green Mountain State. During the father's early life he was a minister of the Universal ist 
Church at Montpelier, but he afterward became a physician and practiced his profession in 
Brattleboro until his death March 5, 1840, his widow surviving him until March 4, 1842. 
Harvey A. Wright was an infant when his parents settled in Brattleboro and after the. death 
of his parents he made his home with his mother's sister at Weston, Vt, his mother's birth- 
place. Here he remained and attended the district schools until he attained his fifteenth 
year, when he went to North Orange. Mass. , where he attended a select school for some 
time. At the age of sixteen he went to work on a farm about three miles from Brattleboro, 
but the following fall and winter returned to the select school. His vacations were spent in 
tilling the soil until November 8, 1852, when he entered the sash factory of Edwin Ellis at 
Athol, Mass., in which he labored two and a half years. While there he mortised and put 
together 62,000 windows. In the spring of 1855 he went to Allegany County, N. Y. , and 
became foreman in the wood department of the match factory at that place. During the 
seven years that he remained in that county he served as deputy sheriff three years, consta- 
ble three years, corporation collector one year and owned and operated a stage line of forty 
miles. He was a stirring and wide-awake citizen and was quite successful in his business 
ventures. In the spring of 1863 he became assistant foreman under John H. McLean in the 
construction of a double track on the Erie railroad and in the fall of that year acted as 
brakeman on that road for three months. He then became foreman and conductor on a con- 
struction train on the Oil Creek railroad, but this position he resigned in December to accept 
that of conductor on a freight train from Elmira to Williamsport. March 21, 1864, he 
enlisted in Company K, Fiftieth New York Engineers, in which capacity he served until 
the war closed, receiving his discharge at Elmira on June 28, 1865. He then came to 
Indianapolis and for some time worked at his trade but ia the spring of 1867 returned to 
railroading, which he followed two years. He had patented a signal light, and a special car 
was placed at his disposal for the purpose of introducing the same. In May, 1870, he 
became a conductor on the Little Miami road but at the end of fourteen months he resigned 
and went to St. Louis where he was connected with the opening of the St. Louis bridge over 
the Mississippi River and became fireman for the St. Louis Bridge Company and later con- 
ductor. At the end of eight months he was promoted to the position of superintendent of 
trains across the bridge but resigned this position one year later to become conductor on the 
Big Four road between Mattoon and St. Louis. He has since been connected with other 
roads as conductor and has followed railroading in various capacities for fourteen years, 
during which time he was never in a wreck for which he was censured or blamed and all of 
his wrecks never cost over $4,000. About 1876 he came to Indianapolis and engaged in the 
bakery business, continuing three years, but off and on since that time he has been con- 
nected with different railroads. He was married in 1875 to Miss Mary A. Donnell, a native 
of Palestine, 111. Mr. Wright is a member of the order of Equity and the G. A. R., Robert 
Anderson Post, No. 369. In politics he has always been an ardent Republican. Mr. Wright 
is what is often termed a " hustler " and he has been successful in the accumulation of a 
considerable amount of worldly goods. 

Antoine Wiegand. The extent to which flowers are sold in a city indicates in no small 
degree the culture of its inhabitants. One taking this view must recognize the aesthetic su- 
premacy of Indianapolis, as it has more florists and a better demand for choice flowers than 
any other city of its size in the country. Not only prominent, but foremost in point of pri- 
ority among the floriculturists of Indianapolis is the gentleman whose name appears above. 
Antoine Wiegand was born in Saxony, Germany, in 1833, and was educated in the schools 
of his native country. He came to America in 1855 and located in Indianapolis, which, 
though then an unimportant town, was, he felt sure, to be a city of commercial wealth and 
prominence. He established himself in business, in 1859 near the "Old Seminary/' on 

3 



34 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Kentucky Avenue; and prospered there until 1879, when he removed to his present location 
at Seventh and Illinois Streets. His extensive hot houses cover an area of 200x200 feet, and 
his glass covered conservatories are among the most attractive in the city. Here are to be 
found plants in greater variety than in any other one establishment in the State, and Mr. 
Wiegand has in stock some single plants worth $150 each. He makes a specialty of cut flow- 
ers and decorations and has not only a large trade in Indianapolis, but an extensive one in 
surrounding towns. Mr. Wiegand was the pioneer in this line in the city. When he began 
business, more than a third of a century since, there was little demand for flowers, and his 
enterprise was necessarily small. But his is a kind of trade which advertises and extends 
itself, if properly attended to, more conspicuously, perhaps, than many others. The love of 
flowers is inherent in the human heart, and Mr. Wiegand spread them before the people of 
Indianapolis in ever expanding beauty, year by year, till there was a constantly increasing 
demand for them and his enterprise became an established fact and his green-houses one of 
the attractions of the city. Mr. Wiegand is a public-spirited and well-esteemed citizen, who 
has the best interests of the community at heart. Although he is a Republican, he is not so 
partisan as to ignore the claims of a Democrat in a local campaign if he happens to think 
the Democrat is a better man personally than his Republican opponent. He is a popular 
member of the Columbia and other clubs, of the Royal Arcanum, and of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He was married in 1865 to Miss Katie Kriess, a native of Germany, 
and has two sons and a daughter. 

William Henry Harrison, the ninth President of the United States and first governor 
of the Territory of Indiana, was a native of the Old Dominion, his birth occurring at Berke- 
ley, in 1773. His father was Gov. Benjamin Harrison, one of the signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. Receiving the final part of his schooling at Hampden, Sidney College, he 
began for himself at eighteen years of age, at which time occurred the death of his father. 
In opposition to the protests of his friends, he sought a position in the army of the United 
States, was commissioned ensign by Gen. Washington and ordered to report to the Com- 
manding General (St Clair) of the Northern army. At this period the frontier was greatly 
harassed by depredations of marauding bands of savages, supplemented by covert support 
and aid of the British Government, and the duties of the frontier troops were to hold in 
check and keep within due bounds these attacks. The elevation of Gen. Anthony Wayne 
over Gen. St. Clair, in command of the Northwest, resulted in a more vigorous and active 
policy, and numerous battles were fought with varying success. Having obtained promotion 
to a lieutenancy, young Harrison was the hero in a bloody engagement August 20, 1792, 
and for this he was publicly thanked by his superior officer. In 1795 he was made com- 
mander of Fort Washington, with the rank of captain; the same year he wedded the youngest 
daughter of John Cleves Symmes, the original owner of the present site of Cincinnati, and 
three years later resigned his commission to engage in farming. Very shortly after tending 
his resignation he was appointed Secretary of the Northwest Territory by Pres. Adams, 
and as such was ex-officio lieutenant governor, and in the absence of Gen. St. Clair was 
Governor. In 1799 he was elected a delegate to Congress, and during this session the 
Northwest Territory was divided into two Territories, named Ohio and Indiana. The latter 
comprised the present States of Indiaua, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin and Michigan, and of 
this Mr. Harrison received the appointment of Governor. He immediately located at Vin- 
cennes, which was then the capital, and served as Governor sixteen years, having been 
twice reappointed by Jefferson and once by Madison. His influence with the Indians was 
greater than any other white man. He always kept strict faith with these children of Nature, 
was prompt to reward their good deeds and as decisive in punishing their treachery. Dur- 
ing his administration he commanded at the battle of Tippecanoe, and the good results 
achieved by the sucqess of the whites was made an event by the Legislatures of both Indiana 
and Kentucky extending the hero of the day a vote of thanks. Gov. Harrison is given a 
prominent place by historians for his services during the War of 1812, and was a partici- 
pant in the defense of Fort Meigs and the Battle of the Thames, as well as being the com- 
mander of the Army of the Northwest, with the rank of major-general. In 1816 he was 
elected to Congress and in 1824 to the United States Senate, from Ohio, and in 1828 was 
appointed minister to the Republic of Columbia by President Adams, but being almost 






THE N'KW vrii-K 

public u?;u in-. 



ASTOR, LtNOX ANO 
TILDE* F<5UNOATfUNf, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 35 

immediately recalled by General Jackson. In 1836 he was nominated for the Presidency of 
the United States, but suffered defeat. In 1840 he was re- nominated by the Whigs and 
during one of the most remarkable campaigns this country .ever experienced, was elected, 
and March 4, 1841, was inaugurated. Having spent the most of his life in the frontier, Mr. 
Harrison lacked the polish of his opponent, and the story was circulated by the Democrats, 
with the expectation that it would prove detrimental to him, that he lived in a log cabin and 
drank nothing but cider. The Whigs accepted the insinuation. The simpleness of the 
human life, divested of glamours and gildings, always appeals to the direct sensibilities of 
the people. So it did in this case. Log cabins were erected everywhere; kegs supposed to 
contain cider, were indispensable. Log cabin and hard cider songs were sung and are yet 
remembered by the old residenters, and the famous hero of Tippecanoe became the ninth 
President of the United States. His untimely death occurred one month after his 
triumphal inauguration. 

George F. Edenharter, M. D. Fortunate as it is in its older physicians, Indianapolis 
is no less fortunate in the bright galaxy of younger physicians and surgeons, who during the 
past few years have made a reputation for themselves and added luster to the professional 
status of the city and State. One of the best-known of the latter class is Dr. George F. 
Edenharter, superintendent of the Central Indiana Hospital for the Insane, who was born at 
Piqua, Ohio, June 13, 1857, a son of John and Elizabeth (Roseberg) Edenharter. His father 
was a native of Bavaria, Germany, came to America in 1848, and located at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, removing later to Piqua, where he was for many years a cabinet maker. At this time, 
at the age of seventy-two, he is very active for a man of his years and is a resident of Indian- 
apolis. Dr. Edenharter' smother, who was a native of Saxony, died September 11, 1889. 
Three children were born to John and Elizabeth Edenharter, and the one of them with which 
we have to do in this article was reared principally at Dayton, Ohio, where his parents 
removed when he was about nine years old. After acquiring an education in the public 
schools of that city, he learned the trade of a cigar maker and worked at it for about eight 
years, and, in following it, came to Indianapolis in 1877. The difficulties under which he 
began the study of medicine are suggestive of those which beset the celebrated Elihu Bur- 
ritt, the blacksmith, in his determined and successful attempts in the acquisition of knowl- 
edge. While working at the bench in the prosecution of his trade young Edenharter had 
before him the books necessary to the course of reading demanded of medical students 
before taking lectures, and gave to their study every moment he could spare from his work; 
and in course of time, by making the best use of every spare hour and by saving every cent 
possible from his earnings, he was enabled to enter the Physio-Medical College, of Indian- 
apolis, in 1881, and after taking two courses of lectures in that institution graduated there- 
from in 1883, with the degree of " M. D." At the city election in the fall of the same year 
he was elected a member of the common council in the city of Indianapolis, and he was 
re-elected in the fall of 1885. The time which he could spare from his official duties enabled 
him to continue his medical studies without great financial expense, and in 1884 he entered 
the medical college of Indiana, and was graduated therefrom in March, 1886. Immediately 
thereafter he was appointed physician and surgeon in chief of the Marion County Asylum, 
in which capacity he served two terms. In 1887 he received the Democratic nomination by 
acclamation for the office of Mayor of Indianapolis, and although defeated by a small plurality, 
his personal popularity enabled him to lead the ticket by about 1,000 votes. In December fol- 
lowing he was appointed physician and surgeon to the Marion County Workhouse, and at the 
expiration of his term of service was reappointed but declined to longer devote himself to 
the duties of the office. In 1890 he was unanimously elected superintendent of the City 
Hospital by a joint convention of the common council and board of aldermen composed of 
twenty- one Democrats and fifteen Republicans. During his term of service the law regu- 
lating the election of superintendent of the City Hospital was changed, vesting in the board 
of health the power to appoint that functionary, and in 1892 (December), he was unani- 
mously re-elected to the same position by the board of health, consisting of two Democrats 
and one Republican, his salary being at the same time increased. Under the supervision of 
Dr. Edenharter the work of carrying on the hospital in all its detail was performed in a 
manner that elicited many flattering expressions of approval from both press and public. 



36 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Many of the devices contributed to the convenience of this institution are the products of 
the Doctor's originality, ingenuity and skill. The patients are given such excellent care 
and such close attention that complaints are unknown and the common prejudice against 
hospitals, based on a fear all too well grounded in many cases, of maladministration 
and malpractice, has no point to which to attach itself so far as this particular hospital 
is concerned. The high standard of excellence which has characterized the management 
of this hospital by the Doctor's predecessors in office, has not only been fully sustained 
by Dr. Edenharter but has gained additional luster through his administration of the 
affairs of the institution. Dr. Edenharter, though still a young man, possesses great energy 
and the most worthy ambition, and he is recognized by the best people of Indianapolis, 
not only as a physician of extraordinary skill, but as a man of the broadest intelligence 
and the highest order of business and executive ability. His good judgment, and discern- 
ing foresight in political affairs have won him many admirers in political circles. He is 
popular with the people because of the fact that he is a self-made man in all that the 
term implies, having had from the outset to depend upon his own resources and to fight 
his own battles unaided until he had won a place in the hearts of his fellow-citizens which 
has secured their hearty support and co-operation. He has attained his present high 
standing in the community by hard work, close application to the performance of every 
duty devolving upon him, and by the excercise of the most indomitable will. He is a 
member of the Marion County Medical Society, and the Indiana State Medical Society. 
June 6, 1838, he was married to Marion D., daughter of Michael and Maria Swadener, 
of Dayton, Ohio, who has borne him one child named Ralph E., now a bright and 
promising boy. April 7, 1893, he was appointed superintendent of the Central Indiana 
Hospital for the Insane, which position he now fills, resigning the superintendency of the 
City Hospital, May 1, 1893. Dr. Edenharter was not an applicant for this position, but 
was appointed over twenty-three applicants, refusing to accept the position until urged so 
hard by the officials and his friends that he felt duty bound. 

Miss Eliza G. Browning is a lady of much intelligence, euergy and executive ability, 
and is in every way competent to fill the responsible position of librarian of the Indianapolis 
Public Library, thus illustrating what has long been known and acknowledged that women 
are in every way competent to fill with distinguished success positions requiring the most 
versatile mental powers and no ordinary degree of energy. She belongs to a family which 
for many years has been largely identified with both the political and literary interests of 
the city of Indianapolis and the State of Indiana. The Hon. William J. Brown, her mater- 
nal grandfather, was a man of note in the day and age in which he lived, and as a repre- 
sentative of the people in this portion of Indiana in the halls of the Congress of the United 
States, he was a power, especially in the lines of truth, justice and right. His son, Admiral 
George Brown, United States Navy, has a record too well known to need additional words of 
commendation here, suffice it to say that his reputation is world wide. Hon. Austin H. 
Brown, a brother of the Admiral, has often served in public offices of trust in national, 
city and civic capacity, and is a man of mark. Some thirteen years ago when Miss Eliza G. 
Browning found it necessary to engage in some remunerative employment, the workings of 
the public library had many attractions for her, and although a near relative offered her 
employment, her independent spirit would not allow her to accept the offer, and she shortly 
afterward entered the public library, first as a substitute, and for one year labored without 
compensation. In April, 1892, she was elected librarian, and a year later was re-elected by 
acclamation. Her election was made because of her peculiar fitness and adaptability for the 
position, combined with a thorough knowledge of books, and it has met with the hearty ap- 
proval of the citizens of Indianapolis. She is ever on the alert to institute new and im- 
proved methods which have greatly improved the convenieniences for the library. She is a 
fine conversationalist, a deep reader and thinker and an accomplished musician. 

James H. Woodburn. The physician comes closer to the confidence of his patients than 
any other man is privileged to do with his fellow men. In the hour of agony which comes 
to the household when a loved one is stricken with a dread disease, the doctor is the one 
stay and hope of the family. It is especially pleasing to reflect that it is the most rare ex- 
ception that a medical man is false to his trust. An exalted sense of honor pervades the 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 37 

entire profession. Prominent among the successful practitioners of the healing art in 
Indianapolis stands the name of Dr. James H. Woodburn. He is a product of Jefferson 
County, Ind., born January 15, 1822, and is a son of Robert and Sally (Davis) Woodburn, 
the former a native of Washington County, Penn. , and the latter of the Blue-Grass State. 
The parents came to Indiana in 1814, settled in Scott County, and were among the pioneers 
of that part of the State. He was a tanner by trade, but in connection with that business 
was also engaged in farming, and followed both until his death in 1825. His widow sur- 
vived him many years. Dr. Woodburn passed his youthful days in assisting his father on 
the farm in Jefferson County, and his early scholastic training was received in the common 
schools. Later he took a course at Hanover College, and in 1841 began the study of medi- 
cine with a private tutor, and subsequently attended lectures at the medical department of 
Louisville University, graduating in 1840. He had practiced three years before entering 
that institution. Immediately after graduating Dr. Woodburn began practicing in Shelby 
County, Ind. , and for seven years was engaged in the practice of his profession in that and 
Clark and Johnson Counties. In March, 1851, he came to Indianapolis, and here he has 
been engaged in active practice ever since. In 1861 he was elected superintendent of the 
Insane Asylum, and this position he held in a satisfactory and efficient manner until in 
March, 1865, when he resigned. The Doctor has been a member of the city board of health, 
and was elected to the city council about the year 1867, serving in that capacity continu- 
ously for eight years. He has also been identified with the Indiana Medical College, was 
elected vice-president of the board, and that position he holds at the present time. He is a 
member of the American Medical Association, the Indiana State and Marion County 
Medical Societies, and has been president and treasurer of the last two societies. Dr. Wood- 
burn has also been a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellow orders, although not an active 
member at present. In the year 1847 he was married to Miss Ann E. Cravens at Madison, 
Ind. She was a native of Orange County, Ind., and the daughter of Benjamin H. and Mar- 
garet (Moore) Cravens, both natives of the grand old State of Virginia. Four children were 
born to our subject and wife, but only one is now living. The Doctor and his estimable 
companion are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was formerly a Whig in 
politics, but upon the formation of the Republican party he advocated its policies, and has 
voted with that party ever since. 

Dr. Frederick C. Woodburn. The subject of our sketch is a young man of much 
promise in his profession, being one who has had the most favorable opportunities for re- 
ceiving a thorough classical and professional education, and has availed himself of them to 
the utmost. The honors that have come to him are indeed well deserved and are but pre- 
ludes to higher and more distinguished stations that await him. Dr. Frederick C. Wood- 
burn was born at Indianapolis April 11, 1866. and is the son of of Dr. James H. and Anna 
E. (Cravens) Woodburn. He was reared in this city, was educated in the common and high 
schools and Butler University, and afterward graduated from the classical department of 
Racine (Wis.), College, in Juue, 1885, when but nineteen years old. Without losing a mo- 
ment's time he began the study of medicine in the office of his father, an eminent practi- 
tioner of Indianapolis, entered the Medical College of Indiana, and graduated at the age of 
twenty-one. He began the general practice and in the following year took a post graduate 
course in the New York Medical Post Graduate School. From January, 1889, to January, 
1891, he was superintendent of the Indianapolis City Dispensary, and from 1888 to 1891 he 
was physician to the Indianapolis Orphan Asylum. At the present time he is consulting 
physician on diseases of the chest at the City Dispensary and assistant to the chair of ob- 
stetrics in the Indiana Medical College. For two years he has been Chairman of the com- 
mittee of arrangements of the Indiana Medical Society, and in 1892 he held the same posi- 
tion in the Mississippi Valley Medical Association, of which Association he is now secretary. 
In 1888-9 he was treasurer of the Marion County Medical Society and in 1891 was assistant 
secretary of the same body. He is now secretary of this society. Dr. Woodburn is a member 
of the American Medical Association, of the Mitchell District Association, the Mississippi Val- 
ley Medical Association, the Indiana State Medical Society and the Marion County Medical 
Society. He was married May 29, 1889, to Miss Grace D. Gilbert, a native of Buffalo, N. Y., 
and daughter of Rev. James E. and Sarah (Thompson) Gilbert, also natives of New York. 



38 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Dr. and Mrs. Woodbnrn are the parents of one child, James H. They are members of the 
Central Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church and are very popular in that large and influen- 
tial body. While the Doctor does not take a very active part in politics he has very decided 
views and is hearty in his subscription to the principles of the Republican party, the candi- 
dates of which he always supports. Dr. Woodburn is a studious and investigating physician, 
earnest in his convictions and strong in his faith in the virtue of medical association, and 
interchange of views and relation of experiences. He is a man of the most agreeable man- 
ners, pleasant and gifted in conversation, sympathetic and generous; in fact he combines 
qualities that eminently fit him for a practitioner, while his earnest investigations and care- 
ful weighing of subjects fit him for the position of instructor of others. His career has 
been rapidly upward, but all the distinction he has received is deserved and he has filled 
every position to which he has been called with distinguished ability. His acquaintance is 
a large one, not only in the city, but, especially with the profession, extends throughout the 
State and he has ardent friends in various parts of the country. 

Henry H. Beville. This well-known real estate man enjoys distinction as a soldier, 
a citizen, a business man and an inventor. He was born in Monroe County, Ky., May 1, 
1846. His paternal grandfather, Howell C. Beville, was a native of Guilford County, N. C, 
born about 1776. His parents came to America from Paris, France, for that was their native 
land. He received a liberal education, and was a school teacher for several years in North Car- 
olina. While yet quite a young man, he removed to Virginia, and settled on a farm near 
Abingdon, Washington County, and there he married Sarah Fulks, of Welch descent, who was 
born near Culpeper Court House, Ya. He served as ensign of a company in the United States 
army in the War of 1812. Some years later the family removed to Kentucky and located 
on the Cumberland River, in Monroe County, where Howell C. Beville became a successful 
planter. He served the county as coroner and was otherwise prominent as a citizen, and 
died in 1862 on his old home farm. His wife- survived him about three years, and she died 
at the home of her daughter, in Warren County, Ky. Of the children of Howell C. and 
Sarah (Fulks) Beville, Granville H. Beville, father of Henry H. Beville, was born at Abing- 
don, Washington County, Va., April 22, 1820. He removed to Kentucky with his father's 
family, but returned later to his native State, where, in 1844, he married Susan Crowell, 
also a native of Virginia, and a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Young) Crowell, the 
* former a native of Germany, the latter a native of London, England. After his marriage 
he returned with his wife to Kentucky and assumed the management of his father's planta- 
tation, which he purchased a few years later. There he lived until 1860, when the family 
moved to Indiana and settled in Hancock County. The period of the war draws near, and 
it was a most important period in the life of Mr. Beville. His father, Granville H. Beville, 
late in the struggle, enlisted in Compauy E, Eighth Indiana Volunteers, and died in hos- 
pital at St. Louis, September 28, 1865, from effects of disease contracted in the service. 
As for himself, he had accompanied the family to Indiana and had been fairly educated in 
the public schools. At the beginning of the war he was too young to enter the service, but 
in March, 1864 (he was eighteen in May following), he enlisted in Company K, One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-fourth Indiana Volunteers, and served until discharged, September 28, 
following. He was with his regiment in Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama, and was most of 
the time stationed at Decatur, Ala. , on guard duty. He participated in the remarkable 
engagement at Athens, which resulted in the capture of about 7,000 of Forrest's men. 
Through all this service he passed without the slightest injury, but it is a remarkable fact 
in this connection that, four days after his return home an old musket exploded as he was 
firing it and its tube and breech- pin were blown into his right eye and against his forehead, 
wounding him so severely that he lost the sight of that eye totally. The first year after the 
war Mr.* Beville spent on the farm. Then going to Indianapolis, he found employment for 
a few months in Smith & Osgood's spoke factory. During the winter of 1866-67 he trav- 
eled through Illinois and Iowa, in the interest of fire insurance. In the spring of 1867, 
at the solicitation of his widowed mother, he returned home and assumed control of the 
farm. September 28, following, he married Nancy P. Mullis, a native of Fayette County, 
Ind., and daughter of Ambrose and Mary (Tullis) Mullis, the former a native of Tennessee, 
the latter reared near Cincinnati, Ohio. Shortly after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Beville 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

ASTOR. LENOX ANO 
T ,LOEN FOUNDATIONS. 



y<w> X.^H-cbJuUz. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 39 

located at Cleveland, Ind. , and Mr. Beville entered the employ of the company operating 
the Panhandle Railroad. The following spring they removed to Knightstown, Ind., and 
Mr. Beville engaged in the nursery business. Later he was in the meat trade at Carthage. 
Here a misfortune overtook him. Everything he possessed was swept away by fire. He 
then removed in turn to Dublin and Milton, and at the latter place established himself in a 
transfer business, which he continued successfully until 1870. At that time he became a 
traveler for an agricultural implement concern at Dublin, Ind., and was thus employed for 
ten years, meantime, in 1878, removing to Indianapolis. While on the road he invented 
the "Iron Duke" windmill. He secured a patent on it in 1880, and since that time has sold 
the right of sale for it in ten or twelve different States, and has realized therefrom about 
$20,000. It was in 1880, too, that Mr. Beville engaged in the real estate business, opening 
an office for that purpose in Indianapolis. He has transacted about every kind of business 
properly falling to a real estate agent, but has made a specialty of buying and selling real 
property on his own account. A number of valuable additions have been made to Indianap- 
olis by him, among which may be mentioned the Englewood Addition, on East Washing- 
ton Street; Ragan Park, College Avenue and Fifteenth Street, and University Park, at 
Ervington, and he controls the greater portion of the property in North Indianapolis. 
Through Mr. Beville' s supervision and executive ability he was largely instrumental in 
securing for the city such industries as the Dugdale & Co. tin can factory, D. E. Stone furni- 
ture company, J. B. Allfree & Co. milling machinery, American Canning Company, The 
Cereal ine Manufacturing Company, etc., and he has within the last five years placed 
nearly 500 families in homes which they bought on monthly payments. Mr. Beville is 
justly popular in both business and social circles. He is a member of the G. A. R., is a 
Scottish Rite Mason, a Red Man, a K. P., and for a number of years was master of 
exchequer of his lodge and is a member also of the Uniformed Rank of the order. He and 
his family are members of the Third Christian Church of Indianapolis. His children are 
three in number: Burton L., Henry M. and Erial C. Three others, Bessie S., Moneriel. 
and Effie are deceased, Bessie S. having been called from life at the age of seventeen, just 
on the threshold of a prosperous and happy young womanhood. Mr. Beville* s mother is 
still living in Hamilton County, Iud. Brief as is this sketch, it is yet sufficient to indicate 
the sterling quality of Mr. Beville' s character. He has always been a busy man, and though 
dark misfortune has surrounded him at times, he 'has been a successful man, as the world 
goes, and is regarded as a most useful and public- spirited citizen. 

Maj. James L. Mitchell. The subject of our sketch is a distinguished member of the 
Indianapolis bar and an ex-soldier of the late war. who made a record for himself as a 
brave and patriotic, as well as a faithful officer. Maj. Mitchell comes of a family that for 
generations has been composed of worthy and good people, true to their country and to 
themselves. He was born in Shelby County, Ky., September 29, 1834, being the son of 
Pleasant L. D. and Mary A. (Ketcham) Mitchell, natives of Kentucky and of old Virginia 
stock. Thomas Mitchell, the grandfather of our subject, served as chaplain to Gen. Payne's 
brigade in the War of 1812. The maternal grandfather, John Ketcham, was a famous 
Indian fighter and had many narrow escapes, and was a terror to the rod men; his part in 
the Black Hawk War being an active and helpful one. He moved to Indiana at an early 
date and entered a large tract of land. The father of our subject moved from Kentucky 
about 1840, coming in wagons, and located upon a fine tract of land in Monroe county, Ind. 
He died in 1883, while the mother is living at the age of eighty-one. James L. Mitchell 
was the eldest of a family of eight children. He received a liberal education. After a 
course in the common schools, at the age of seventeen, he entered the University of the State 
of Indiana, from which he was graduated in 1858. Then he entered the junior class of the 
department of law in the university and, after remaining a year, entered the office of 
Ketcham & Coffin, where he read law for a year, was admitted to practice, and at once 
formed a partnership with his uncle, John L. Ketcham, which continued until 1862, when 
he was commissioned adjutant of the Seventieth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
ex- President Harrison's regiment. Maj. Mitchell took part in all the battles of the Atlanta 
campaign, and at the battle of Peach Tree Creek had his horse shot under him, but he 
escaped injury. He was mustered out in 1865 and at once resumed the practice of law with 



40 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

his former partner. In 1873 he was elected mayor of Indianapolis, he being the first Demo- 
crat to be elected to that position, and the only candidate on his ticket at that time who was 
elected. This office was held by him for two years, its onerous duties being discharged to 
the general satisfaction of the public. The suffrage of the voters of the Nineteenth Judicial 
Circuit, composed of Marion and Hendricks Counties, made him prosecuting attorney of the 
circuit, a position he filled so satisfactorily that he was, after serving two years, re-elected in 
1888, serving out this term also, or four years in all. In 1883 he was elected by the mem- 
bers of the State Board of Education one of the trustees of the State University, which office 
he has filled ever since. Mr. Mitchell enjoys a decided popularity throughout Marion 
County, and indeed throughout the State. He is a most astute and learned lawyer, and an 
orator and pleader of eminent aud persuasive force. October 4, 1864, in New Albany, Ind., 
while on a leave of absence from the army, he was married to Miss Clara E. Carter. One 
child, James L., Jr., being the fruit of this union. His son is now associated with him in 
the practice, under the firm name of Mitchell & Mitchell. Mitchell, Jr. is a graduate of the 
literary department of the State University and the law department of Michigan Uni- 
versity. The young man is possessed of a very bright and receptive mind and gives promise 
of a career of brilliancy and great success. Maj. Mitchell is a member of the Masonic order, 
of George H. Thomas Post, No. 17, G. A. R., and of the Phi Delta Theta, a Greek fraternity, 
of which ex-President Harrison and Vice-President Stevenson are members. 

Amos W. Patterson, M. D. The atmosphere of Indianapolis is conducive to a cultured, 
refined, learned and progressive body of physicians, the spirit of the people being in harmony 
with the aspirations of the constituent members of the profession after the highest possible 
attainments in the noble science of healing. There is no place here for the ignorant, the 
illiterate, or the charlatan, and if any such by chance come this way, they speedily discover 
that the sick — aud they that have imaginary ills, even — have been taught to despise those 
who have not wisdom and understanding. In no city of the land is there such an all-per- 
vading sentiment of grasping after the highest and the best as exists among the medical men 
of this city; and no other can show so large a number, proportionately, of really learned and 
progressive practitioners. In this number of urbane and skilled physicians of Indianapolis 
is Dr. Amos W. Patterson, a native of Washington, Davies County, Ind., who was born 
October 17, 1839. His father, Rev. William J. Patterson, was a native of Washington, Pa., 
where he was reared and educated, and afterward accompanied his parents to Ohio. When 
a very young man he began to study for the ministry, attending the Northwestern Seminary 
at Hanover, and now located at Chicago. He became a Presbyterian clergyman, aud was 
the pastor of the First Presbyterian Church at Brookville, Ind., holding this pastorate until 
his death in 1844, he being the organizer of that church and its first pastor. He married 
Jane Butler, a native of Brookville, and a daughter of Amos Butler, a pioneer of that county, 
and who laid out that town. Our subject was an only son, and was educated at Hanover 
College, from which he graduated in 1863. During the war our subject was connected with 
the examining surgeon's office at Indianapolis, and was for two years in old St. John's hos- 
pital at Cincinnati. Dr. Patterson began to carry out a long cherished purpose in 1863, 
when he entered upon the study of medicine under Doctors Parvin and Fletcher at Indianap- 
olis, afterward entering the Medical College of Ohio at Cincinnati, from which he graduated 
in 1866. His entry into the practice was in Bartholomew County, Ind., where he practiced 
for a year, and then went to Indianapolis, which has always been the Mecca of ambitious 
and able young physicians, who rejoice to get within the circle of learning and knowledge 
that is found here. Ever since his coming he has carried on the general practice, and is 
recognized as a physician of great ability, having proved himself one of the most successful 
practitioners of the city. During a period of three years Dr. Patterson was on the city 
hospital staff, and at all times he has been identified with the leading thought and practice 
of the city. The doctor is a member of the American Medical Association, of the Indiana 
State and the Marion County Medical societies, in all of which honorable bodies his merits 
are recognized and appreciated. He was married June 11, 1878, to Theodora Kiefer, a 
native of Miamisburg, Ohio, and one child, Ruth, is the fruit of this happy union. The Doctor 
while not taking a very active part in politics is iu full sympathy with the Republican party, 
and supports its candidates. Possessed of gentle manners, sympathetic, generous and 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA, 41 

suave, the Doctor has hosts of attached friends, who esteem him for his winning qualities as 
a man, and admire him because of his attainments and skill in his profession. 

William L. Heiskell, D.D. S. The profession of dentistry has made the most marked 
progress in the past quarter of a century and a leading practicing dentist is able to pre- 
serve the teeth of persons indefinitely if they will place themselves in his charge and carry 
out his instructions; and his skill is such that he can replace those that are lost with such 
consummate art that it is not possible to detect the counterfeit, while his operations in the 
matter of filling, capping, etc., indicate the most advanced practical knowledge. In the 
number of expert and eminent dentists of Indianapolis is Dr. William L. Heiskell, who was 
born at Jeffersonville, Clark County, Ind.. September 28,1845. His father, a native of Virginia, 
having been for many years a prosperous merchant of Jeffersonville, was at one time a di- 
rector of the Southern Prison and also served as city treasurer. He married Margaret Rue, 
a native of Ohio, by whom he had five children. Robert S. Heiskell, the father of our sub- 
ject, died April 23, 1892, in Indianapolis, where be had lived for many years as the State 
agent for the Masonic Mutual Insurance Company, he having been a very prominent Mason, 
a thirty-second degree member, and also a member of the Grand Lodge of the State. His 
wife survives him, residing at Indianapolis. Our subject was reared at Jeffersonville, where 
he received his education in the public schools and in a private academy. Coming to Indian- 
apolis in 1863 Dr. Heiskell began the study of dentistry with Dr. P. G. C. Hunt, in the 
rooms now occupied by himself. After two years he purchased an interest in the business 
and became a partner of Dr. Hunt, this connection lasting for two years, since which time 
Dr. Heiskell has been in business alone. In the last year of the war Dr. Heiskell enlisted 
in the One Hundred and Thirty -second Indiana Volunteer Infantry, being mustered in as a 
private and being discharged as an orderly sergeant. The Doctor returned to Indianapolis 
directly after the war, resumed the practice and has continued it ever since, having built up 
a very large practice and realizing a very handsome income from it. In the year 1879 Dr. 
Heiskell assisted in the organization of the Indiana Dental College, was elected its first 
president and continued such for a period of ten years; is now its vice-president and is 
chairman of its executive board. In the year 1883 the honorary degree of D.D. S. was 
conferred upon him by the college. The Doctor has been a member of the Indiana Dental 
Association for the past twenty- nine years and has served as president of that body. Ex- 
cept for the year that he was in the army, Dr. Heiskell has practiced continuously in the 
city ever since he located here; he enjoys a most lucrative practice and ranks among the 
leading dentists of the city. He is a member of Geo. H. Thomas Post, G. A. R., and is 
a trusted and honorable associate of that patriotic body. The Doctor is especially known 
in Knights of Pythias circles, there probably being no man connected with that organi- 
zation in the United States who is more widely and favorably known than he. He has 
passed through all the chairs of the subordinate lodge and the grand lodge of Indiana, 
served Hye years as grand instructor of the order for the State of Indiana, is at present 
supreme representative and grand instructor for the State, and is colonel of the First 
Regiment, Indiana Brigade, of the Uniform Rank, Knights of Pythias. The Doctor is an 
enthusiast in matters connected with the order, and has probably done more than any other 
man in Indiana to promote the interests of the organization and to give it its great distinc- 
tion in the State and its prominence with the order throughout the country. The Doctor 
has a very happy home, being blessed with a charming wife and a most interesting family 
of children. He was married December 29, 1869, to Miss Elizabeth J. Wilkins, a native 
of Indianapolis, and a daughter of John and Eleanor (Brouse) Wilkins, of Ohio. Dr. and 
Mrs. Heiskell are the parents of three children, namely: Walter W., Arthur R. and Frank W. 
Heiskell. The Doctor and his family are members of the Roberts Park Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and he has been leader of the choir in that body for the past twenty years. 
Despite the arduous duties of his profession, he finds time to give to political matters 
and is a warm and enthusiastic adherent to the fortunes of the Republican party, the 
teachings of which he is earnestly persuaded will best advance the material interests of the 
country. Personally the Doctor is a very popular man, his manners being pleasant and 
agreeable and his nature being sympathetic and his disposition being lively. 

Hon. John Schley. This prominent citizen of Indianapolis has served his fellow citizens 



42 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

as soldier and legislator and has long been one of the most steadfast and effective friends of 
organized labor in the State. His career has been a busy and an honorable one. In every 
position to which he has been called he has acquitted himself with credit and to the extent 
of his ability has enhanced the weal of Indianapolis, of Marion County and of Indiana. So 
quiet and unassuming as scarcely to put forth a claim on his own behalf, he is yet recog- 
nized as one deserving much of the public because of the effectiveness of his services for the 
public good. The following all too brief, simple and direct statement of the essential facts 
in his life will be found most interesting, and it is penned with the consciousness that it 
forms one of the most edifying personal histories in this large book. John Schley was born 
at Frederick, Md., August 23, 1838, his father and mother having been natives of that State. 
His family connections are very large and embrace many prominent personages. His 
mother was a near relative of Edgar Allen Poe. His father was for many years an influen- 
tial politician and citizen of Maryland. Mr. Schley is a first cousin of Commodore W. S. 
Schley, United States Navy, who was in command of the Greeley relief expedition and 
commanded the cruiser "Baltimore" in the Chilian affair in 1891. Mr. Schley received a 
collegiate education and then learned the printer's trade. He came to Indianapolis July 17, 
1856, and has resided in that city continuously since. His first employment here was as a 
compositor in the Sentinel office and he was employed there at the outbreak of the Rebellion. 
At the first call for troops he enlisted as a private in Company A (the old City Grays), Elev- 
enth Indiana, Maj.-Gen. R. S. Foster being the then captain of said company. At the 
expiration of three months' service he returned to Indianapolis and soon thereafter received 
a commission as second lieutenant in the Fourth Maryland Volunteer Infantry, his brother, 
Col. William Louis Schley, being the superintendent of recruiting for the Union army in 
that State, subsequently serving as first lieutenant and adjutant and being finally promoted 
to a captaincy, with which rank he was mustered out of the service at the close of the war. 
Capt. Schley was wounded three times while ia-the service. His first wound, received at the 
battle of Spottsylvania, May 8, 1863, was a severe longitudinal fracture of the left thigh 
bone, caused by a six-pound solid shot during a charge upon a battery of the Confederates. 
His other wounds were of a minor nature and were received at the battle of Hatcher's Run, 
on February 6, in the following year. Capt. Schley was in all the important engagements 
of Grant's Richmond campaign from the crossing of the Rappahannock to the surrender at 
Appomattox, of which historic event he was a witness. After the war he resumed work as a 
compositor on the Sentinel, and at different times served in the capacity of night and com- 
mercial editor of that paper and as foreman of its mechanical department. He has always 
been a Democrat in politics and as unswerving in his loyalty to that party as he was to his 
country during the Rebellion. He has always been closely identified with organized labor 
and has now been a member of Typographical Union No. 1 for thirty- seven years, continu- 
ously. For two years he was president of the State Trades Assembly, and in 1881 bis 
uniou honored him with an election as delegate to the International Union, which met in 
Toronto, Canada. Here he was elected as corresponding secretary of that body and served 
one term. He had also, twenty years before, in 1861, been honored with a similar election 
by his craftsmen and attended the session of the National Typographical Union, which met 
at Nashville. Tenn., that year. In 1875 he was appointed a deputy county clerk and served 
three years in Room 1, Superior Court. In 1878 the Republicans carried the county and 
Capt. Schley was removed. During the campaign of 1880 he was secretary of the Demo- 
cratic County Central Committee. In 1881 he was nominated by the Democratic City Con- 
vention as its candidate for city clerk, and though, with the rest of his ticket, defeated, he 
succeeded in materially reducing the Republican majority. In 1884 he was elected a rep- 
resentative from Marion County in the State Legislature and introduced the bill which is 
now the law governing Building and Loan Associations in this State. He was re-elected a 
representative in 1886 and declined a renomination in 1888. In 1886 he was again 
appointed a deputy county clerk and is still serving as such in the Circuit Court. Capt. 
Schley has been secretary of Prospect Saving and Loan Association, one of the most success- 
ful in Indianapolis, for the past nine years. In 1867 Capt. Schley was married to Miss 
Emily Isabella Smith, a daughter of the late Hon. Isaac Smith, who also served as repre- 
sentative from Marion County in the Legislature and was one of the secretaries of the State 



THE NKW YOKK. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR, LENOX ANO 
TILOfcN FOU*JOAT»ONR. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 43 

Constitutional Convention of 1852. One of her brothers is Capt. Oak M. Smith, United 
States Army, now on duty at New Orleans. Mrs. Schley is a lineal descendant of Josiah 
Bartlett, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. There were four children 
born to this marriage — two sons and two daughters. The sons are both dead, the elder one, 
Naval Cadet O. S. Schley, was killed in 1886, while on his summer cruise with his class from 
the Naval Academy at Annapolis by falling from the mast of the practice ship, Constellation, 
his body being lost at sea. He was then a young man of eighteen years. The other son 
died when but sixteen months old. The daughters are now young ladies, at home with their 
parents. Capt. Schley has been more or less prominently identified with numerous impor- 
tant enterprises and movements not mentioned above, always generously and helpfully and 
to the benefit of his fellow citizens. A more unostentatious or a more valuable citizen it 
would be hard to name, or one who possesses in a higher degree the esteem of the public, 
politics not considered. His life, while successful, has not been without its struggles, but 
he entertains bitterness toward no man; while it has been blessed above the measure 
accorded to many others, it has also been darkened by affliction, but he never looks upon the 
" bitter side," believing that which the future contains is well ordered and is therefore good. 
He bus achieved his successes through labor and by strictly honorable methods and they are 
therefore the more estimable. 

J. H. Webster. There is nothing more important to the welfare of a city or more 
effective in the preservation of property as well as life, than a well equipped and conducted 
fire department, and the man who successfully fills the position of chief must possess keen 
foresight, unbounded energy, and must be ever alert and ready to respond to the calls upon 
his services. All these attributes are possessed in a marked degree by J. H. Webster, who 
is chief of the tire department of Indianapolis. He owes his nativity to Phelps, Ontario 
County, N. Y., being born on March 21, 1833, to Chester and Phoebe (Pinkham) Webster, 
natives of Litchfield, Conn. Chester Webster had the honor of serving his country in 
the War of 1812. in which struggle he rendered effective service, and while following the 
duties of a civilian he conducted a boot and shoe business, to which his attention was devoted 
for many years in Troy, N. Y. In the latter part of his life he purchased a farm in Ontario 
County, N. Y., on which his declining years were spent surrounded by all that goes to make 
life comfortable and enjoyable. To his marriage a family of nine children were given, five 
of whom survive. The life of J. H. Webster, from the time of his birth up to the age of 
twenty-one years, was spent in his native county in assisting in the usual duties of farm life 
and in attending the common schools near his rural home, where he received the major part 
of his literary education. After attaining his majority he decided to sever home ties and 
anticipating the advice of Horace Greeley he decided to u go West and grow up with the 
country," and in Circleville, Ohio, he had his first experience in fighting the battle of life for 
himself. After clerking in a hotel for a brief period he became a salesman in a wholesale 
furniture establishment where he remained for a few years after which he returned East but 
again turned his face westward in 1855 and this time made his way to Indianapolis, Iud., 
and finally to Danville, of the same State. In the latter place he found employment in the 
woolen mills belonging to Roger Foster and while thus employed wooed and won for his 
wife the daughter of his employer, Frances E. Foster, in 1857. One year later he came with 
his wife to Indianapolis and for a few years was employed in the Hub and Last Factory. 
On March 31, 1860, he became a member of the fire department of the city and had the man 
agement of the first steam fire engine that was ever brought to the place. His marked ability, 
zeal and promptness soon brought him into prominent notice and the city government soon 
manifested its knowledge of his fitness for the position and its desire for the welfare of the 
community by making him chief of the department. To the discharge of the many duties of 
this position he has devoted his time and energies up to the present time with the exception 
of two years when he conducted a livery stable. He is now the oldest employe of the fire 
department of the city and many times during this honorable career the people of Indian- 
apolis have had occasion to congratulate themselves on the efficiency, promptness and intelli- 
gence shown by Chief Webster in subduing conflagrations with but little loss to life and prop- 
erty. Mr. Webster has been married twice, his second marriage being celebrated in 1886, 
to Miss Mary McGilvery, by whom he has two children: Daisy C. and Rufus E. His first wife 



44 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

bore him a daughter, Fannie G., who is the wife of John Fuller. Mr. Webster is a member 
of the Masonic and Independent Order of Odd Fellow fraternities, and politically has always 
supported the measures of the Republican party. 

Frederick W. Cady. The American bar offers the finest opportunities for preferment 
of any country upon the face of the earth, its members being privileged, if the talent is not 
wanting, to attain not only the greatest distinction in the profession, but it is the easiest way 
of approach to the highest official places in the land. What is more, the American bar can 
show an array of eminent talent, of profound erudition and of judicial ability equal to that 
of England, France or Germany. The Indianapolis bar has during the past half century 
been greatly distinguished for the learning and talent of its members, who know no such 
word as fail when pitted against lawyers from other cities. A very bright and most promis- 
ing young attorney of this city is the subject of our sketch, Frederick W. Cady, who thus 
early in his career has won victories at the bar that would have reflected credit upon its 
oldest members. He is senior member of the firm of Cady & Cady, with offices at 8J North 
Pennsylvania Street, and was born in Windsor County, Vt., July 23, 1864, being the son of 
John W. and Mary A. (Leavens) Cady, natives of the Green Mountain State, and is of 
Scotch- English descent. The Cady family were pioneers in the State of Connecticut, after- 
ward settling in Vermont. Stephen P. Cady, the grandfather of our subject, was a farmer 
and stockraiser of Vermont, who spent his days in that State. The maternal grandfather, 
Hon. Orange Leavens, was a farmer of the Connecticut River valley, who amassed a com- 
fortable fortune and was, later in life, a member of the General Assembly and of the Senate 
of his State for several sessions, distinguishing himself therein by his great force of char- 
acter, quick perception, and his large resources of common sense. A man of great promi- 
nence, he was especially identified with the interests of the town of his home, holding the 
most important positions in the Government thereof for many years, and contributing greatly 
to its improvement. He died in West Windsor, the town of his birth and life-long home in 
the year 1884, at the age of eighty- four years. The father of our subject is a prosperous 
and industrious farmer of the town of West Windsor, Vt., and has been for a long time a 
member of the board of that town, a position which he fills with great fairness and ability. 
During the late war he served in Company A, Twelfth Vermont Volunteer Infantry. Unto 
him and Mrs. Cady have been born three children, namely: Frederick W., Daniel L. and 
Mary E. The subject of our sketch was reared in the county of Windsor, where he passed 
through the public schools, graduating from the high school at Windsor and from the famous 
Kimball Union Academy, at Meriden, N. H., immediately following which he entered the 
law office of the Hon. Gilbert A. Davis, of Windsor, as a student, remaining from Septem- 
ber, 1885, until October 25, 1888, when he was admitted to the bar of the State of Ver- 
mont after a four days' examination as a member of a class of twenty-three, being one of 
the three successful applicants for admission from the entire class, passing the most satis- 
factory examination and receiving the highest mark of proficiency ever accorded to any law 
student in the history of the State of Vermont up to that time. Directly after passing this 
brilliant examination he was elected assistant secretary of the Senate of the State of Ver- 
mont, session of 1888, serving through the term, wheu he returned to the office of Mr. 
Davis, continuing with him until January 1, 1890, at which time he removed to Indian- 
apolis. Previous to settling here, however, he made a careful investigation into the op- 
portunities offered for successful practice in the various States of the Union and his loca- 
tion here was the result of deliberate purpose and not a mere haphazard adventure. With 
his brother, Daniel, he came to Indianapolis an entire stranger and the two formed a partner- 
ship and opened an office in Wright's block, on East Market Street. In November, 1890, he 
was appointed a deputy prosecuting attorney of Marion County, by Prosecuting Attorney 
John W. Holtzman, continuing as such officer until November, 1892, when he resigned said 
office to accept the office of deputy city attorney of Indianapolis, to which he was appointed 
by Hon. Leon O. Bailey, city attorney. Entering upon the discharge of the duties imposed 
by this office in June, 1892, he held the same until January 1, 1893, going out with Mr. 
Bailey, who resigned the office of city attorney at that time. Mr. Cady is one of the bright- 
est young members of the Indianapolis bar, bringing to the profession a most intimate 
knowledge of law together with the qualities of pleader and advocate in a high degree of 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 45 

excellence. During bis three years of practice in this city he has been identified with a 
number of very important cases, among which was the trial of Li Hie Stevens, for the 
murder of Margaret Boss, who was defended by him with signal success and acquitted 
upon the theory of " insanity ; ' ' and the trial of Philander Jester, in the United States 
District Court at Indianapolis, indicted for counterfeiting, whose defense was conducted by 
Mr. Cady with great tact and ability, resulting in the prompt acquittal of Jester. Mr. 
Cady has, with his partner, prosecuted many important damage suits, recovering large 
verdicts therein. Our subject was married August 20, 1891, to Miss Jessie Shedd, a highly 
accomplished young lady of Windsor, Vt., the daughter of Hon. Edwin R. Shedd, a lead- 
ing citizen and prominent Democrat of Vermont. Returning to Indianapolis, Mr. and Mrs. 
Cady have resided in Woodruff Place, a suburb of the city, where they have an exceedingly 
pleasant home. This union has been blessed by the birth of a son, on July 24, 1893, who 
bears the family name Leavens. While devoted to his profession, which he pursues unre- 
mittingly, Mr. Cady finds time for the cultivation of a taste for politics which he has. The 
principles and teachings of Thomas Jefferson are in full harmony with his own views, and 
he gives an unqualified support to his party's candidates. 

Patrick Henry Jameson, M. D., was born in Monroe Township, Jefferson County, Ind., 
April 18, 1824. As a boy he was delicate and rather precocious. Early in his teens 
he had acquired the ordinary., so called, English education. Subsequently, partly by the 
aid of a private instructor, but mostly by his own efforts, he learned most of what was con- 
tained in the prevailing text books of algebra, plain geometry, mechanics, physics, popular 
astronomy and mental philosophy. He also acquired a very limited acquaintance with the 
Greek and Latin tongues. His father was of Scotch-Irish, and his mother of English de- 
scent; both were born and reared in Virginia and were, for the times, and for people in their 
circumstances, more than ordinarily intelligent. Aside from their secular employments they 
were much devoted to religion. His father was a thrifty well-to-do farmer. When he was 
sixteen years old he lost his mother, and two years later his father died, leaving him for the 
future to his own guidance. Soon after, in September, 1843, he came to Indianapolis, 
where he subsequently taught school for several years. While thus engaged he began the 
study of medicine with the late Dr. John H. Sanders. He first attended the Medical Col- 
lege of the University of Louisville, and the following year he attended Jefferson Medical 
College of Philadelphia, where he graduated in 1849, his diploma bearing the signatures of 
some of the most eminent physicians and surgeons then living. He immediately began prac- 
tice in Indianapolis, in partnership with his former preceptor, Dr. Sanders. Early in April 
of the following year, Dr. Sanders died, leaving his young associate to hold, if he could, the very 
considerable business of the late firm. This was certainly a very critical era in the life of so 
young a professional man; but by the aid of his friends and patrons, and his own efforts, he 
so well succeeded that during the second year of his practice he did alone more business 
than the firm had done the previous year. He thus early, possibly too early, was settled in a 
large and somewhat lucrative business. This he has since, for more than forty years, steadily 
maintained. It may be truly said of him that no man among all his confreres, living or dead, 
ever saw more patients, or prescribed more frequently than he. He was the first, early in 
the fifties, to call the attention of the profession of Indianapolis to a pernicious and fatal 
form of anaemia affecting women in the latter stages of pregnancy. An eminent medical 
writer, acquainted with this fact, not long since, remarked that a publication of his observa- 
tions at that time would have given him considerable notoriety, as it was not till some years 
after, that a first description of this disease was presented to the profession by a medical 
writer of Germany. He is one of the few surviving charter members of the Indiana State 
Medical Society, which was organized in May, 1849, and in early times he was one of its 
more active members. In 1857 he presented a report to this society on veratrum viride in 
typhoid and puerperal fevers, which was published in its proceedings, and republished, al- 
most entirely, in the "American Journal of the Medical Sciences. " In 1849-50 and 1854 
he encountered Asiatic cholera which prevailed, to some extent, in Indianapolis. A wide 
spread and fatal epidemic of dysentery prevailed at this time of which a great many died. 
Among its victims were some of the most prominent citizens of the county. *In some instances 
nearly a whole family perished. Among his published writings are the "Commissioners' 



46 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Annual Reports for the Indiana Hospital for the Insane/' from 1861 to 1879 inclusive. Like 
reports of the "Indiana Institution for the Deaf and Dumb/' and for the "Institute for the 
Blind," for the most of this time were also written by him. These reports were published 
by the State. He is the author of an address entitled, "Scientific Medicine in its relations 
with Quackery/' which was published in the Indiana Medical Journal and extensively copied 
by other journals. During most of his life he has been a frequent contributor to the local sec- 
ular papers, generally anonymous, but occasionally over his own signature. In 1861 he was 
elected by the Legislature a Commissioner of the * 'Indiana Hospital for the Insane," for a term 
of four years; in 1865 he was re-elected for a second term; in 1869 was elected, by the same 
body, president of the several boards of State "Benevolent Institutions," for the insane, the deaf 
and dumb and the blind. He was subsequently twice re-elected to this important office, each 
time for an additional term of four years. All the time from April 19, 1861, to March 1, 1866, 
he was a surgeon in the military service. He organized the first post hospital at Camp Morton ; 
assisted in starting the general hospital; was in charge of all unassigned troops in quarters in 
Indianapolis, and he established, and long had charge of, the post hospitals at Camp Car- 
ring ton and at Ekin barracks. He was the ranking surgeon in charge of the Fort Donel- 
son prisouers, while they were confined in 1862 at Camp Morton. No one ever complained 
of his treatment of these prisoners. From 1861 to 1869 he was physician to the "Indiana 
Institute for the Deaf and Dumb." From 1863 to 1869 he was a member of the Common 
Council of Indianapolis, and took a leading part in its affairs. He was chairman of the 
"Committee on Revision of Ordinances," and as such made a complete revision of the city 
laws, which were then in great confusion. This revision was published, in book form, by 
the city, in 1865. From 1865 to 1869 he was chairman of the Committee on Finances of 
the Council, a position involving much labor and responsibility. He found an empty treas- 
ury and the city badly in debt, doing its business on depreciated orders, twenty -five per cent, 
below par. Notwithstanding that about $500,000 had to be raised to relieve the city from 
draft, and to aid the families of soldiers in the field, these orders were soon brought up to 
par. Upon his retiring from the council, May 1, 1869, there were but $100,000 of debt and 
$260,000 in the treasury; enough to pay the debt and leave a large balance for the expenses 
of the incoming year. He was also chairman of the board of police and of the board of 
public printing. He also, in 1866, originated the plan set forth in an ordinance, which he 
presented, for the organization of the city hospital, under this plan, that institution has ever 
since been conducted. He also, in 1865* aided in preparing a law revising the city charter, 
and as affecting street improvements he procured the insertion of a clause assessing the cost 
of street crossings, against the abutting property, on the lines of the streets. This charter 
was passed by the Legislature, but two years after, it was repealed, on other grounds, no 
objection being made on account of this provision. This excellent feature of that charter 
was lately re-enacted by the Legislature of 1893. The world moves slowly, but it moves. 
Associated by an act of the Legislature in 1873 with the late Gov. Hendricks, and certain 
other State officers, he was made ex officio a member of a provisional board for building a 
"Hospital for Insane Women" with a capacity for 900 patients which was to cost the State 
about $700,000. This board made him its treasurer and also a member of its building com- 
mittee, in which capacities he did the State much valuable service. During Dr. Jameson's 
long service as commissioner of the Hospital for the Insane, and subsequently as president 
of the boards, he persistently urged, through his annual reports and by personal solicitation, 
the need of better provision for the insane of the State, and it was measurably owing to his 
influence and to his untiring efforts, that the Legislature made appropriations from time to 
time for the enlargement and final completion of this magnificent institution. When he be- 
came connected with the management of this asylum in 1861, its appointments were poor 
with a capacity for less than 300 patients. When he retired in 1879, there was room for 
1,400 patients, with every needed appliance. No man in Indiana ever labored so long, or so 
effectively, as he for the help of the insane. In 1876 the expenditures and taxation of the 
city being unduly extravagant, he wrote a series of articles which appeared in the Indianap- 
olis Evening News and which attracted much attention. He clearly demonstrated the feasi- 
bility of a large saving in the city's expenses. These communications aroused the public, 
and led to a great reduction of the tax levy for the incoming year. They also led to the 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 47 

formation of a citizens' committee, of which he was chairman, to procure such limitations, 
by an act of the Legislature, as should put it beyond the power of councils and school 
boards, to levy taxes above a certain specified rate, nine-tenths of one percent, for city pur- 
poses, and one-fifth of one per cent, for school purposes. This act also limited the amount 
of debt for cities to two per cent, of their taxables. This legislation was actively opposed 
by a gang of tax-eaters connected with the city Government, and with the school board, but 
notwithstanding this, the bill passed. Since that time a part of this act has been incorpor- 
ated in the constitution of the State. In this reform Dr. Jameson was the first to move, but 
he was subsequently greatly assisted by William H. English, Albert G. Porter and the other 
members of this committee. Neither the schools nor any of the city departments were worsted 
by this law, but they have grown better. Dr. Jameson took an active part in the discussion 
of the natural gas question and his timely and stirring appeals through the press on this 
subject had much to do with the successful establishing of the Citizens' Gas Trust which 
has since furnished cheap and abundant fuel for the people of Indianapolis. He has been 
for thirty years or more a Director of Butler University; was the sole agent for the sale of 
its large real estate properties in Indianapolis and for the construction of its principal build- 
ings at Irvington. He was President of the Board of Directors of this institution from 1872 
to 1878. He is regarded as being well versed in all the branches of medicine. In his earlier 
years, when specialists were not to be had, he was compelled to treat all kinds of ailments, 
but more recently he has preferred the general practice, and has willingly consigned to spe- 
cialists such cases as pertain to their several branches, still he holds that the highest med- 
ical skill consists in the ability to treat a dangerous case of acute disease so as to give the 
patient the best chance for a speedy and perfect recovery. He has been most happy in his 
home life. In 1850 he was married to Miss Maria Butler, the daughter of the late Ovid 
Butler, a prominent lawyer and the founder of Butler University. This union remains un- 
broken. He has two living daughters, Mrs. John M. Judah, of Memphis, and Mrs. Orville 
Peckham, of Chicago, and one son, Ovid Butler Jameson, a well-known attorney of Indian- 
apolis. He continues in business more because of his active habits and temperament and the 
love of occupation, than of necessity, as he has long enjoyed a well-earned competence. He 
has never lost a day from business on account of sickness. He is a man of sound mind and 
body, strong will and pronounced individuality. He is still active and for one of his years, 
very well preserved. In manner he is quiet and unobtrusive, and in bearing, kindly and 
agreeable. His standing as a physician is high, apart from which he is universally regarded 
as a useful and enterprising citizen. 

Frank Saak, florist. A liking for flowers usually shows an {esthetic and cultivated 
taste, but even the uneducated and those who live among the lowliest surroundings mfey 
consider a flower a " thing of beauty and a joy forever." This taste may be gratified both by 
the rich and poor and the washerwoman who labors at her tub for her daily bread may enjoy 
her pot of violets as much as the millionaire's wife who wanders among the costliest exotics 
in her spacious conservatory. The business of the florist is to supply the wants of all 
classes in this respect and in the establishment of Frank Saak at 1'24 St. Joseph Street, 
Indianapolis, may be found a stock of goods sufficient to supply the requirements of all 
classes at the most reasonable figures. His house is the oldest of the kind in the city and 
was established by Henry Hilker many years ago, but some three years since Mr. Saak suc- 
ceeded him and has since conducted the business in a skillful and highly satisfactory man- 
ner. His establishment is very advantageously located for it is the only one immediately in 
the heart of the city, and consequently has a large patronage from opera and theater goers. 
He has 8,000 feet under glass, heated by steam and hot water, and his green-house is 
adorned with some of the rarest and costliest flowers that can be had. He makes a specialty 
of cut flowers and his services are in great demand in decorating for banquets, balls and 
house parties. He has much artistic taste and excellent judgment for the " fitness of things" 
and when orders are left at his establishment no uneasiness is felt as to their non-fulfill- 
ment. He has been familiar with the details of the business ever since his ninth year, and 
when not attending school he was employed in various green-houses in the cities of New 
York, St. Louis and Indianapolis, in each of which places his parents resided for some time. 
He was in the employ of others until 1890, when he decided to become an employer rather 



48 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

than an employe and as above stated became the proprietor of his present establishment. 
His remarkable success has been the result of a desire to please, honest dealings with his 
patrons, and that he at all times studies their wants and wishes and endeavors to comply 
with them. He is a young man of great push and energy and bids fair to become a wealthy 
citizen. Although a native of Germany, a country that has given to the United States many 
useful and substantial citizens, of whom Mr. Saak is not among the least, he has been a res- 
ident of this country ever since his eighth year, or since 1870. 

W. B. Flick. The American public schools are the safety of the Republic and nothing 
approaching them in extent, influence and cost of maintenance is to be found upon the face 
of the earth. This country is the only one where the children of the poorest may receive a 
fair education free and where provision is made for sparsely settled sections as well as for 
those living in cities. Marion County is especially favored in having at the head of its 
schools a man of progressive ideas, of practical purpose, an organizer of great ability arid a 
manager who rules efficiently yet so gently that the appearance of enforced system is with- 
held from the governed. W. B. Flick, the subject of this sketch, is pre eminently qualified 
for the position he holds, and during his administration, whatever its duration, the best pos- 
sible results may be sanguinely expected. He is a native of Brown County, Ohio, born June 
22, 1840, and the son of William K., and Nancy (Ford) Flick, natives of Pennsylvania and 
of West Virginia, respectively, and of German extraction. Gen. Morgan, a distinguished 
officer of the rank named, in the Revolutionary War was a relative of our subject on his 
mother's side. The paternal grandfather, George W. Flick, was an early settler of Ohio, 
having settled there about the year 1830, traveling in wagons part of the way and floating 
down the Ohio River in a flatboat for the remainder of the journey. He was a soldier in the 
War of 1812. The father of our subject was a cabinet maker and followed that business in 
Brown County, where he also was postmaster, at Hamersville, for a period of thirty years; 
was also a township trustee for a nearly equal period of time. The father died in 1861 and 
the mother in 1868, having been the parents of four sons and two daughters, namely: Fer- 
nandes, Paulina, Martin Van Buren and William B., and two deceased, — Martha and John 
K. Martin and Fernandes were soldiers in the late war and proved themselves worthy and 
brave men. The subject of our sketch was reared in Brown County, in the town of Hamers- 
ville, receiving his earlier instruction there and at Georgetown, then known as Kings' 
Academy, graduating from the latter in 1859. Subsequently Mr. Flick began the study of 
medicine, after teaching school for some time, and then, in 1863, entered the service in the 
medical department. He remained at Camp Denison several months before the regiment 
was ordered to the field; this being the Sixteenth Ohio, with which he served until the fall of 
1864, when it was sent home. Upon his return Mr. Flick began teaching school in Marion 
County, his first charge being in Wayne township, in the winter of 1864. Then he moved 
to Lawrence township, where he taught until 1880, when he was elected township trustee of 
that township, holding that office for four years. In 1885 he was elected County Superin- 
tendent of Schojls and has filled that position ever since, being re-elected every time, unani- 
mously — the highest possible tribute to the worth and popularity of the man and officer. 
Mr. Flick is a member of the Masonic order, in which organization he takes much interest. 
Our subject was married in 1865 to Miss Mary Hoover, a native of this county, and a most 
accomplished and popular woman. She and her husband are consistent and active members 
of the German Lutheran Church. In politics Mr. Flick is a Democrat having firm faith in 
the principles of that party; but he is a man who respects the opinions of those who differ 
from him. The lines of Mr. Flick have not always been cast in pleasant places. While he 
was Township Trustee the Indiana Banking Co., in which he had several thousand dollars of 
public money on deposit, failed, and although it took every dollar he possessed, in less than 
sixty days, he had reimbursed the township by restoring the amount lost. Such courage and 
fidelity to public trust have made Mr. Flick many friends. 

Pliny Webster Bartholomew, Judge of the Superior Court, was born August 4, 1840, 
at Cabotville, Mass. He is a son of the late Harris and Betsey Bartholomew. Soon after 
Pliny's birth his parents removed to Easthampton, Mass., where Harris Bartholomew be- 
came a leading merchant. In 1851 Harris Bartholomew was elected to the Massachusetts 
Legislature and represented the Hampshire district with signal ability. He afterward re- 



/ 



&uJt 



f c 



fHENWW YORK 

i-UBUC LIBRARY, 



A8TOR, LENOX AND 
TlLOtN FeuNOATtOHS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 49 

moved to Northampton, Mass., and carried on a large mercantile business there. He was 
noted for his unswerving integrity throughout all his business life. In the panic of 1857 he 
failed in business and Pliny had to earn his own way. He became a clerk in a grocery 
store and meat market while yet a boy, and remained in this position for two years. In the 
meantime his father, Harris Bartholomew, had removed to Canton, N. Y., and Pliny fol- 
lowed him and clerked for him there in the dry goods business for about a year, when they 
removed to Herman, N. Y., where Pliny attended school and finished his preparation for col- 
lege. In September, 1861, Pliny entered Union College at Schenectady, N. Y. While in col- 
lege he supported himself by book canvassing in summer and teaching school in winter, and 
graduated in 1861 with the honors of his class, receiving the degree of A. B. Three years 
later his alma mater conferred the degree of A. M. on him. After leaving Union he read 
law with Judge I. S. L'Amoreaux at Ballston Spa, Saratoga County, N. Y., and on exam- 
ination was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court in May, 1865, at Schenectady. He 
practiced his profession at Ballston Spa until the fall of 1866, when he came to Indian- 
apolis. He has continuously resided in this city since that time, and up to the time of his 
elevation to the bench he enjoyed a large legal practice. January 30, 1873, he married Miss 
Sarah Belle Smith, daughter of the late George W. and Mary Smith, of Crawfordsville, Ind. 
They have had born to them Belle Isadora, Pliny W. , Jr. and Harris Shirley. Pliny W. , Jr. 
died when four years old. Judge Bartholomew is a Past Chancellor in the Knights of 
Pythias, Past Grand Dictator in the Knights of Honor, and is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, member of the Commercial Club and other organizations. He was elected Judge 
of the Superior Court in 1890 on the Democratic ticket, receiving many Republican votes. 
He took his seat as Judge on October 28, 1892. Judge Bartholomew has long been known 
among his intimate friends and associates as a man of sterling character, his reputation for 
uprightness and integrity being of the highest Modest in demeanor, courteous in manner, 
and quick to see and grasp the salient points in a case, he is a model judge. He has the * 
judicial manner to a remarkable degree, and his urbanity on the bench is such that a young 
man appearing before him for the first time is made to feel perfectly at ease, and as if he 
had known the judge who is trying his case for years. In point of natural ability, sound 
judgment, and old-fashioned common sense, as well as in his knowledge of the law and the 
application of its soundest principles to a given case, Judge Bartholomew compares favor- 
ably with the ablest jurists who ever sat on the bench of the Marion Superior Court. It is to 
be hoped that he will be continued in his present position until his party thinks the time has 
come to promote him to the bench of the Appellate or Supreme Court. 

[We have received from one of the older members of the bar — a man who is himself opposed to 
the Judge in politics — the foregoing statement regarding Judge P. W. Bartholomew of the Marion Su- 
perior Court. It bears internal evidence that it was prepared by one who knows Judge Bartholomew 
well, and who greatly admires him.] 

George J. Cook, M. D. One of the most prominent citizens of Indianapolis socially and 
politically is Dr. George J. Cook, who is even more eminent as a physician and surgeon, 
as a lecturer and demonstrator in medical colleges and as a special practitioner of great 
skill and reputation. This gentleman was born near Pittsburgh, Penn. , February 12, 1844, a 
son of John and Mary (Kelso) Cook. His father was of Irish descent. His mother was a 
native of Pennsylvania. His maternal grandfather fought gallantly for the cause of the 
colonists during the Revolutionary War. The father of Dr. Cook was a hard-working and 
successful farmer, and the younger years of the Doctor were passed on his father's farm and 
in acquiring such education as was afforded him in the public schools. At the age of nine- 
teen, having taken the prescribed course of reading, he became a student at the Kentucky 
School of Medicine at Louisville, and graduated therefrom with the degree of M. D. in 1866. 
He entered upon the practice of his profession immediately thereafter in the Falls City, and 
remained there until 1882, during that time acquiring an enviable reputation as a skillful 
general practitioner. During the year mentioned he removed to Indianapolis, and devoted 
himself exclusively to the treatment of diseases of the rectum. While a resident of Louis- 
ville he was for seven years demonstrator of anatomy, and for three years professor of 
anatomy in the Kentucky School of Medicine. At the present time he is professor of gastro- 
intestinal and rectal surgery in the Indiana Medical College. In 1889 Dr. Cook was presi- 

4 






50 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

dent of the Mississippi Valley Medical Association. He is a member of the Marion County 
Medical Association, of the Indiana State Medical Association and of the American Medical 
Association, and is consulting surgeon in cases of disease of the rectum in the Indianapolis 
City Hospital, and in the City Dispensary ; and during the past year he has been secretary 
of the Department of Public Health and Charities of Indianapolis. He is a strong and un- 
swerving Democrat, politically, and has much influence in the city and county affairs. June 
29, 1892, Dr. Cook married Miss Ella Henderson, a native of Martinsville, Ind., and a 
daughter of Eb. and Ann Henderson, her father being prominent and active in State politics. 

Hon. John B. Wilson. This popular citizen and official is a native of Cumberland 
Coanty, Ya., and a son of John R. Wilson, Sr., and Cornelia E. Wilson. On the paternal 
side he traces his ancestry through many generations of promineut Virginians, and on the 
maternal side is descended from and inherits many of the good qualities of those estimable 
French Huguenots who located in South Carolina and Virginia long before the Revolutionary 
War. His great-grandfather, Richard Wilson, was while quite young an officer in the Con- 
tinental army, and his grandfather, Daniel A. Wilson, was later senior member of the gov- 
ernor's council in Virginia, which made him eligible to succeed the governor after the manner 
of the lieutenant governor of a later date. He was also a circuit judge for fifteen years. 
His son, John R. Wilson, father of the immediate subject of this sketch, was for many years 
an active and successful lawyer of Cumberland County, Va., and one of the most respected 
citizens of that part of the State. Mr. Wilson's maternal grandfather was a lawyer of state 
reputation, a man of exalted character and profound learning. Mr. Wilson, after completing 
the course at the Hampden- Sidney College studied law at the University of Virginia. After 
completing his legal and classical studies, he came to Indianapolis in the fall of 1873, and 
later entered into a partnership in the practice of the law with Hon. William E. English, 
since the representative of this district in Congress, which existed several years. Later he 
became a member of the firm of Duncan, Smith & Wilson, and continued in that relation 
until elected clerk of the courts of Marion County. Meantime, however, in 1883 he was 
elected one of Marion County's representatives in the Legislature. Upon the organization 
of that body, in recognition of his acknowledged talent, he was made a member of the Ways 
and Means and Judiciary Committees, the two most important legislative committees. His 
legislative experience proved of value to him, and indirectly led in 1888 to his nomination 
by the Democratic party as candidate for attorney general of Indiana. He and Judge Howk, 
candidate for the Supreme bench, led the State ticket, as he had led the legislative ticket in 
Marion County five years before; but the Democracy lost the State at that election. Two 
years later Indianapolis, Marion County, and indeed the entire country, were startled by the 
flight of County Clerk John E. Sullivan, in default for a large amount. The grave respon- 
sibility of selecting a successor to the office in whom the public could implicitly rely to bring 
order out of chaos in which all its affairs had been left and to restore it to the status of 
integrity, fell upon the county commissioners, who recognized in Mr. Wilson the most 
available and acceptable man for the place. It was conceded that he did admirable work in 
a difficult and trying position, and under his direction the affairs of the office were put in 
order and the routine of its business was soon re-established on so safe and business-like a 
basis that in recognition of his services the Democracy nominated him in 1890 for clerk of 
the courts as his own successor. The fact that he and County Auditor Taggart led their 
ticket and were elected by the largest Democratic majorities ever given in the county speaks 
more eloquently than any words of praise could of the manner iu which Mr. Wilson's honest 
and business-like methods were appreciated by the electors of the county. Mr. Wilson is a 
thirty -second degree Mason. He was married in 1879 to Miss Nellis Duncan, daughter of 
R. B. Duncan, who in the early half of the century was for many years clerk of the Marion 
County courts. One secret of Mr. Wilson's success both as a lawyer and as an official, is his 
genial and kindly nature, which has gained him the friendship of all who know him. 

Frank W. Morrison. Integrity, intelligence and system are qualities which will 
advance the interests of any man or any profession and will tend to the prosperity to which 
all aspire. F. W. Morrison's life in the professional arena has been characterized by intel- 
ligence, sound judgment and persevering industry. He is one of the city's most popular and 
capable attorneys, who has acquired prominence on the wings of Indianapolis' prosperity. 



J. R. WILSON. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 51 

Mr. Morrison is a native of the Hoosier State, born at Salem, September 19, 1852, and 
moved with his parents to Indianapolis in 1865, his father, John I. Morrison, having been 
elected State Treasurer in that year. The educational training of our subject was received 
in the high schools of Indianapolis, and later he entered William's College, Massachusetts, 
from which institution he graduated in 1874. Returning to Indianapolis immediately after- 
ward he began the study of law with McDonald & Butler, and was admitted to the bar in 
1876. After this he remained with McDonald & Butler, as managing clerk until 1883 when 
he opened an office for himself. Since then he has practiced alone. In 1884 he entered the 
service of the Pennsylvania Company as attorney on the Chicago Division. In 1885 he 
resumed the general practice of law and since 1886 he has been attorney for the Louisville, 
New Albany & Chicago Railway Company. Aside from this he acts as general counsel for 
the Phoenix Life Insurance Company, of Hartford, in the West. In 1885 Mr. Morrison was 
appointed by Gov. Porter, one of the Metropolitan Police Commissioners. In his political 
views he is a Republican, and is a Knight Templar in the Masonic fraternity. During the 
years he has practiced his profession he has shown himself to be endowed with superior 
ability and his comprehensive kuowledge of the law, together with the soundness of his 
judgment, secured him almost immediate recognition at the bar. 

John A. Comingor, M. D. Among the most prominent and successful medical prac- 
titioners of Indianapolis, and it may be said of the State of Indiana, is Dr. John A. Comin- 
gor, who is one of the oldest practicing physicians in the city. He is honored and esteemed 
by the medical profession throughout all this part of the country. As a surgeon he is one of 
the finest in the State, and during his many years practice as such, ho has performed about 
every surgical operation known to medical science and skill, having practically traversed 
the entire field of surgical practice. Ever since the establishment of the Indianapolis City 
Hospital twenty -six years ago, he has been surgeon of that .institution* performing the func- 
tions of that office without remuneration or hope of remuneration, and his weekly visits dur- 
ing this long period to the clinics and wards of the hospital have contributed greatly 
toward the high standard of excellence which obtains in the institution at this time. He has 
always been solicitous for the welfare of this hospital, and every measure for its improve- 
ment or for its better establishment has met with hearty approval and most helpful and 
substantial support. He has acted also as physician and surgeon to St. Vincent's Hospital 
and of the city dispensary. He is one of the promoters and organizers of the Medical 
College of Indiana, was one of its incorporators, and for twenty years held the chair of 
professor of surgery in that institution. At the present time he is professor of orthopaedic 
and clinical surgery in the Central College of Physicians and -Surgeons. He is a member 
of the Marion County Medical Society, the Indiana State Medical Society, the American 
Medical Association and the National Surgical Association. He has read papers of interest 
and merit before these societies from time to time, and has been a frequent contributor of 
articles on professional subjects to the medical and surgical periodicals of the day. During 
the administration of Gov. Poller he was a member of the Governor's staff with the rank of 
surgeon-general of the State of Indiana. Dr. Comingor has always been in politics a strong 
Republican and has been such from the organization of the Republican party. Away back 
in the infancy of that party he was a delegate from Hendricks County to a convention that 
nominated Henry S. Lane for governor, and Oliver P. Morton for lieutenant-governor of the 
State of Indiana. The doctor is of German extraction. His grandfather, the first of the 
family to settle in America, located in New York at an early day, but afterward removed to 
Kentucky. He had several children including, Abram, Henry, David, and Samuel Comin- 
gor and four daughters. Samuel Comingor, who was the father of the Doctor, was born in 
Kentucky in 1797, and lived there until 1826, when he came to Johnson County, Ind. 
He married Mary Gibbs, a native of Georgia, who bore him children named in order of their 
nativity: Henry, George, David, John A., Cynthia, Rachel, Sarah and Jane. John A., now 
known as Dr. Comingor, was born in Johnson County, Ind, March 17, 1828. His youth 
was quite uneventful, and the common schools near his home afforded him early educational 
advantages such as he had. Later he became a student at Greenwood Academy, at Green- 
wood, Ind. He early decided upon a medical career, and on completing his English course, 
began the study of medicine under the direction of Drs. Noble and Wishard, of Greenwood, 



52 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

with whom he read for three years, meantime attending lectures at the Central Medical 
College of Indianapolis during its sessions of 1849-50, and was graduated from the medical 
department of the University of New York, in 1860. He immediately entered upon the 
practice of his profession at Danville, Hendricks County, and was beginning to meet with 
much success when, in 1861, he was appointed surgeon of the Eleventh Indiana Infantry, 
and served in that capacity until May, 1865, participating in the engagements at Shiloh, 
Champion's Hill, the siege of Vicksburg, the fighting at Jackson, Miss. , in other battles 
of minor importance, and in the Shenandoah Valley. During this period of military activity, 
his duties were chiefly in the field, and while they subjected him to the hazards of war, they 
afforded him opportunities for the practice and experience as a surgeon which he could 
never have obtained anywhere else on earth, before or since. After the war he located at 
Indianapolis, at once took up the general practice of his profession, and his patronage has 
increased as his skill and success have become more and more widely known. Dr. Comingor 
was married in 1855 to Miss Lucy Williamson, of Greencastle, Ind., and three children: 
Ada, Harry and Carrie, have blessed their union. Simple in his habits, retiring in his dis- 
position, eschewing all display and shunning all ostentation, Dr. Comingor is a most com- 
panionable and entertaining gentleman who bears acquaintance so well that to know him 
for a long time is to like him better and better. His strong, practical common sense and 
solidity of character mark him as one to be trusted under any and all circumstances, 
and in every relation of life he has promptly and conscientiously met every just demand 
upon him. 

Robert F. Emmett. The office of sheriff is one that has been filled bv the illustrious 
head of this Government and is a position that demands the exercise of great circumspec- 
tion, great personal courage and a general and apt intelligence. The county of Marion is 
fortunate in its choice of its present incumbent, Robert F. Emmett, the subject of our sketch, 
who adds to strict integrity the other qualities essential to thorough discharge of the responsi- 
bilities connected with the station. Mr. Emmett is a native of the county, having been born 
here May 4, 1859, being the son of Robert F. and Margaret (Homey) Emmett, natives of 
Ireland. The parents came to the United States at an early day and settled at Indianapolis 
about the year 1854, living here until their death, the father passing away in 1866 and the 
mother July 4, 1878. They were the parents of eight children, only two of whom survive — 
Mary and our subject. The latter received instruction in the schools of this city and later, 
when working at a trade, attended the nigbt sessions of a business college, from which 
he graduated. Apprenticed to the trade of an iron moulder, he served at it until he com- 
pleted his term and followed it afterward, pursuing it in all about fifteen years. In the year 
1886 he became a deputy sheriff under Isaac King and was jailer for a period of four years. 
He was deputy for one year under Sheriff Henry Langenberg and then stepped out to make 
the race for the office of sheriff, being successful and receiving the largest majority that was 
ever made by a man running on the national ticket, receiving a majority of 683. Mr. Em- 
mett is also the youngest man who has ever filled the office of sheriff in this county. He has 
served two terms as president of the Moulders' Union, a very large and influential body, 
and this gave him many votes, raising up many ardent friends on his behalf. Mr. Emmett 
entered upon the discharge of his duties December 10, 1892, having had such long previous 
experience that he had to waste no time in acquiring a knowledge of the details of the office. 
Always companionable, he is connected, besides with the Moulders' Union, with the order 
of E. of P., the A. O. H., and with the Gray Club; the last named, a strong political organ- 
ization, he assisted greatly in organizing. While a young man, none of the friends of Mr. 
Emmett have the slightest fears about his ability to manage his office. On the contrary, the 
able manner in which he took hold and the thoroughness with which he attends to every duty, 
confirms their judgment that his administration will be marked by the most highly satis- 
factory results. 

Jeremiah J. Corbaley was one of the pioneers of the new purchase and one of the early 
settlers of Marion County. He was born in Delaware in 1789. His father, Richard Cor- 
baley, a native of* Ireland, located some time before that at Odessa, Del., where he married 
an English lady. He later removed to Washington, D. C, sometime before the laying of 
the foundation of the first capitol building. He died there, leaving four small children. 






(^w^ty;^^^^ 



'J MI 


l-l r 


/ YfiHK 




f » f 


.••HAKY, 


A^T< 


iH, I IN 


OX AND 


Til (X 


N f*U> 


.RATIONS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 68 

His widow, with her family, removed to Cecil County, Md. Jeremiah remained with his 
mother and grew to manhood before her death. In 1816 he came to the territory northwest 
of the Ohio River, and there became well known as a school teacher. Near Hamilton, Ohio, 
he formed the acquaintance of Jane, the eldest daughter of Robert Barnhill, to whom he 
was married in 1819. Mr. Corbaley brought with him from Maryland about $600, which 
he intended to invest in land, but which he lost through the failure of a merchant at Hamil- 
ton, to whom he intrusted it. In March, 1820, he came to Marion County with Mr. Barnhill, 
his father-in-law, and settled on the bank of Fall Creek, near where Patterson's old mill 
stood, just outside the donation, where he remained two years. On August 7, 1820, his son 
Richard was born, the first white child born in the new purchase, now a resident of the 
State of Washington . Owing to the great distress caused by sickness the first two years 
after they came to Indianapolis, Mr. Barnhill having died, the family removed to a piece of 
land they had entered on Eagle Creek, in the northwest part of the county. Being industri- 
ous, it was not many years until each member of the Barnhill family had a good farm, the 
rich soil yielding a fair reward for their labors. One of the greatest drawbacks upon their 
success, however, was the remoteness of a market for their grain, which had to be hauled in 
wagons to the Ohio River, where wheat was disposed of at about 50 cents per bushel, and 
other kinds of grains in proportion. Mr. Corbaley being a good English scholar and sur- 
passing the other men of that section in general ability, was the business man for the whole 
neighborhood. For many years he was justice of the peace for Wayne township. He was 
one of the commissioners appointed by the Legislature, who located the seats of justice of 
the counties of Clinton and Fulton at Frankfort and Rochester, respectively. Mr . Corbaley 
made several trips from his Indiana home to his old home in Maryland. It was a horseback 
journey entirely, .and one night while traveling through a wilderness country, in which 
the houses were about twenty miles apart, he was attacked by a panther. With the aid of 
a flint-lock pistol and a piece of tow he was enabled to kindle a fire, which kept the beast at 
bay during the night. He replenished the fire during the night and at daylight the panther 
was last seen in pursuit of a deer. Mr. and Mrs. Corbaley reared a family of ten children, 
which was but an average number of the pioneers of Indiana, all of whom married before 
the death of Mrs. Corbaley, which occurred April 7, 1870, and seven of whom are yet living. 
Mr. Corbaley was one of the most substantial farmers in the county, and bis reputation for 
sterling integrity was such that it was common to say to him that his word was as good as 
his bond. His useful life ended on January 11, 1844. 

S&muel B. Corbaley. This well known and respected citizen is the fourth son of the late 
Jeremiah J. Corbaley, and was born at the old Corbaley homestead on Eagle Creek, in 
Marion County, February 17, 1834. His father died while he was quite young and he was 
of great assistance to his mother, working on the farm during the spring, summer and fall, 
and gaining a limited education during the winter months in the private schools of that day, 
which were mostly kept in the rudest and most primitive log houses. When he was seven- 
teen years old, his brother, Richard Corbaley, then county clerk of Marshall County, 
received him as an assistant in his office at Plymouth. He walked over the Michigan road 
to that town, consuming three days and a half in the journey. The journey was a rough 
one, for the old Michigan road was in those days regarded as the very worst road in Indiana. 
He set out with $3 in his pocket, all he had been able to accumulate to that time, and upon 
arriving at his destination, had but 35 cents left. His residence in Marshall County 
covered a period of ten years, during eight of which he was employed in the office of the 
clerk, recorder and sheriff. As a penman he attracted much attention, and the books and 
other records he kept will doubtless long serve as a reminder of him to all who may have 
occasion to examine them after he shall be no more. He returned to Marion County in 
1861 and has resided in Indianapolis constantly since 1862. For three years he was book- 
keeper in Spiegel, Thorns & Co.'s furniture establishment, and later, he entered the grocery 
business on West Washington Street where he built up a first class credit and reputation. 
He married Amanda M. Dewson, of Plymouth. September 2, 1854, who died ten years 
later, after having borne him two daughters, both of whom are also dead. April 4, 1867, 
he married Eliza A., eldest daughter of William Cossel, one of Marion County's most 
prominent farmers, who has borne him a daughter and son, named respectively Luella and 



54 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

George M. His daughter has been teaching in the public schools of the city for several 
years, and his son is a clerk in the office of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad. On 
December 10, 1884, Mr. Corbaley accepted the position of deputy sheriff under George Car- 
ter, Esq. , and two years later succeeded to the position in the sheriff's office of chief deputy, 
a position he still holds. Under his excellent management, his work having the approval of 
the court and members of the bar, much good has been accomplished. He was the Demo- 
cratic nominee in 1880 for the office of recorder, but was turned down like the rest of the 
ticket. 

George Hasty, M. D. , long a member of the faculty of the Physio-Medical College of 
Indiana, one of the organizers and first president of the American Association of Physio- 
Medical Physicians and Surgeons, and editor and publisher of the Physio-Medical Journal, 
at Indianapolis, was born in Madison County, Ind., September 30, 1835, and has been 
for many years identified with the medical profession of the State with much more than 
ordinary prominence. His parents were Thomas and Ann (Raper) Hasty, his father a 
farmer and a native of Kentucky, his mother a Virginian by birth. His maternal grand- 
father saw service in the War of 1812-14. His paternal grandparents were pioneers in 
Preble County, Ohio, where Thomas Hasty (his father) was reared, and during the earlier 
years of Dr. Hasty's life, in Indiana, the country was new and much of it timbered and 
pretty heavily populated with beasts of the forests, so that, though he was born in the wild- 
erness instead of emigrating to it, he was himself in a practical sense a pioneer. During 
those early days his mother made several long and dreary horseback trips between the family 
home in Indiana and her old home in Virginia. She was a woman of great nobility of char- 
acter much devoted to her family and has been dead for some years. Thomas Hasty is still 
living on the old homestead in Henry County, Ind., at the advanced age of eighty- five years. 
This farm extends over the boundary line into Madison County, and on the portion so dis- 
tinguished from the balance, and on which the family home once stood, Dr Hasty was born. 
Beared on the farm and inured to its healthful and moral life, he assisted in clearing away 
the timber and in putting in, cultivating and harvesting crops during the pioneer days, as 
opportunity offered attending the subscription schools taught near his home in log cabins 
with puncheon floors and other characteristics of the primitive school-houses of America, and 
thus he gained most of his early education, though, later, he was privileged to attend for a 
short time a public school more advanced and more effective as an educational instrumen- 
tality. His ambition from his youth was to be a physician, but he saw small opportunity to 
gain the required professional education and, besides, in those days the path of the "young 
doctor' ' was not so easy as it has since been made. In all that country there was and 
promised to be for some time to come, plenty of work for civil engineers and surveyors, and 
having some aptitude for mathematical study, he determined to become a civil engineer. 
To accomplish this purpose he found it necessary to teach school to earn money to pay for 
instruction and to buy instruments. He taught a few terms in the log-walled and bark- 
roofed poor man's colleges of that time and locality, but finally abandoned the idea of mak- 
ing a surveyor of himself and returned to the farm and began to think seriously of becoming 
a physician in the face of all obstacles. He got together a few books, and from the time he 
was twenty gave to a course of reading on medical subjects every spare moment that was 
his, for his means were insufficient to permit him to give his entire time to the object he so 
much desired. He planned wisely and worked diligently, and was enabled in the winter of 
1858-59 to begin attending lectures at the Physio-Medical College at Cincinnati, and in the 
winter of 1859-60 to take a second course of lectures at the Physio-Medical Institute of the 
same city, and to graduate therefrom in the spring of 1860 with the degree of M. D. He 
did not waste any time in entering upon the practice of his profession, but located at once 
at Mechanicsburg, near his old home, hung out his " shingle" and devoted himself hope- 
fully to the more or less tedious task of waiting for his first call in his professional capacity 
to the bedside of some ailing fellow mortal. He had not long to wait and soon his patrons 
were so numerous that he found himself busy with a large and increasing general practice, 
and at the same time he had by his success so impressed upon his brother practitioners a 
conviction of his ability that he was made a member of the faculty of his alma mater, the 
Physio Medical Institute, at Cincinnati, the sessions of which were confined to the winter 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 55 

months, Dr. Hasty' s duties being so timed that he was enabled to perform them without 
serious detriment to his practice. At different times, until December, 1872, when he removed 
from Mechanicsburg, to Indianapolis, he occupied the chairs of Chemistry, Anatomy and 
Surgery. Upon coming to Indianapolis he made his presence almost immediately felt in the 
medical profession. In 1873 he was one of the promoters, organizers and incorporators of 
the Physio- Medical College of Indiana, of the faculty of which he has been a member ever 
since, occupying the chair of Surgery uutil 1878 and the chair of principles and practice 
since that time. During all the history of that institution, he has been influentially and 
helpfully identified with it and is at this time a prominent member of its board of trustees. 
He was one of the organizers and a charter member of the Indiana Physio- Medical Associa- 
tion; helped organize and is still a member of the First District Physio -Medical Society; 
was one of the organizers and first president of the American Association of Physio-Medical 
Physicians and Surgeons, and assisted to form and is still a member of the Indianapolis 
Physio-Medical Society. He was present at the organization of both the State and national 
societies and has never been absent from a meeting of either body from that time to this. 
The Physio- Medical Journal was established in 1875 by members of the faculty of the Phy- 
sio-Medical College of Indiana, and in 1878 Dr. Hasty assumed entire control of the publi- 
cation and has since been its editor and publisher, in that dual capacity so well directing it 
that it has a large and influential circulation among members of the Physio Medical profes- 
sion, and is considered one of the ablest and most carefully edited journals of the kind in the 
country. Dr. Hasty was married April 25, 1861, to Miss Caroline M. Julian, a native of 
Henry County, Ind., and a daughter of Peter and Adaline (Hess) Julian, the former a 
native of Indiana, the latter of Virginia. In politics the Doctor is a Republican. He is a 
member of the Masonic order. In every relation of life he is in all things the intelligent, 
cultured and refined gentleman, the able physician and the generous and helpful citizen. 
For thirty-three years he has been identified with the medical profession, always honorably, 
always progressively, always prominently. He has been not simply a good member of it, he 
has been more one of its promoters, one of its upbuilders, one of the factors in its advance- 
ment, perfection and enlarged adaptability to the needs of humanity. 

Samuel M. Compton. The Industries of Indianapolis are principally of an important 
character, ably and successfully carried on. the products being such as to have secured for 
this flourishing city a reputation of which any might be proud. Prominent among the suc- 
cessful business men of this city is Mr. Samuel M. Compton, who is engaged in the grocery 
business, and who is now the quarter-master general, having been appointed to that position 
and commissioned a brigadier-general by Gov. Mathews in 1893. Like many of the best 
citizens of the State he is a native of Ohio, born in Warren County, July 1, 1845. His 
father, Alexander J. Compton, was a native of that grand old mother of States, Virginia, 
and is now residing in Indiana. He is eighty- two years of age, is in the enjoyment of com- 
paratively good health, and has ever been a man honored and respected. His wife, the 
mother of our subject, was a native of Pennsylvania, and her maiden name was Mickle. 
This worthy couple had four sons in the army during the Kebellion: William E., who was 
sergeant in the Eighty-sixth Ohio Infantry; Thomas M.. lieutenant in Company K, First 
Indiana Heavy Artillery; KidgeleyC, private in the Sixth Uniied States Infpniry. end cnr 
subject, who enlisted several times but was refused on account of youth, until the summer 
of 1862, when he became a member of Battery K, First Indiana Heavy Artillery, as a pri- 
vate, serving until January 10, 1866, when he was mustered out as corporal. He partici- 
pated in the following battles: Port Hudson, Red River Campaign, Siege of Mobile and 
numerous minor skirmishes. He escaped without a wound and was mustered out in New 
Orleans, La. Our subject's education was received in the schools of Warren County and at 
Lebanon, Ohio, the county seat, where he remained in the schools until thirteen years of 
age. He then came with his parents to Mooresville, Morgan County, Ind., and engaged as 
clerk in the general store of Moore, Griggs & Cook, with whom he remained until 1862, 
when he enlisted. He had another brother, Harlan H., who served in the Home Guards 
during the latter part of the war. After being discharged at New Orleans after the war 
our subject remained in that city for about two months and then returned to Morgan County, 
Ind., where he commenced clerking for Holman Johnson, continuing with him about three 



56 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

years. After that he opened a general store of his own in Mooresville, Ind. , and this he 
carried on ab«ut eighteen months, when he sold oat and came to Indianapolis. Here he be- 
gan clerking for W. M. Davis, continued with him two years, and then began clerking in the 
shoe business with W. W. Jones. Two years later he accepted a position in the wholesale 
grocery of Conduitt, McK night & Co. , remained with the same two years and then for three 
years clerked in the dry goods store of Hibben, Patterson & Co. Following this he went to 
Worcester, Mass., with J. H. and G. M. Walker, boot and shoe manufacturers, and subse- 
quently traveled quite extensively for them in the South. In 1891 he engaged in the gro- 
cery business in Indianapolis, and this he has carried on since. In politics Mr. Compton is 
a Democrat, with which party he has always affiliated, and comes of Democratic stock, his 
father also affiliating with that party. As before stated, Mr. Compton was appointed quar- 
termaster-general in 1893. and of that position he is the present incumbent. He is a mem- 
ber of Capital City Odd Fellow Lodge, and to George H. Thomas Post, Lodge No. 17, G. 
A. R. Mr. Compton was married on May 19, 1868, to Miss Mary E. Gentry, a native of 
Marion County, Ind., and to them were given two children, neither surviving. 

August H. Calvelage. The manufacture of agricultural implements has grown to be 
a great industry and in reviewing the various enterprises that have made Indianapolis one 
of the prominent centers of business in the West, it is highly interesting to note the advance 
that has been made in each industry. August H. Calvelage is the present very efficient 
foreman of the National Malleable Castings Company, and has been connected with the same 
for many years. He was born in Putnam County, Ohio, February 10, 1845, a son of George 
Calvelage, who was born in the Province of Oldenberg, Germany, and came to Ohio with 
his parents, when a boy of twelve years, first locating in Cleveland. The family afterward 
moved to Putnam County, of which section they were among the first settlers. They pur- 
chased a tract of land comprising 600 acres for which they«pAid 75 cents per acre, and this 
land is still in possession of the Calvelage family. George Calvelage grew up among the 
Indians which made up the principal part of the population of Putnam County at that time. 
He made his home in that region until he was about seventy-six years of age, at which time 
he was called upon to pay the last debt of nature. He was engaged in farming and trad- 
ing with the Indians, and afterward dealt in stock, in all of which, being a successful man 
of business, he was quite successful. He was highly honored throughout that region and 
held a number of positions of trust. He was united in marriage to Miss Mary Hack man, 
who was born in Hanover, Germany, and she still survives him and resides on the old homestead 
in Ohio. To their marriage a family of five children were born : August H. , Henry and 
Bernard, who farms the old home place, being the only survivors. August H. Calvelage left 
home at the age of seventeen years and went to Cleveland, Ohio, where he began learning 
the calling of a brick-layer, an occupation which he followed successfully for seven years 
with one contractor. At the end of this time he began turning his attention to malleable 
iron work in Cleveland, but after a short period went to Springfield and entered the employ 
of Whitely, Fassler & Kelley, who were engaged in the manufacture of reapers and mowers, 
and during the nine years that he was with this firm he acted for some time in the capacity 
of foreman and later as superintendent of the iron department. After coming to Indian- 
apolis, he connected himself with the National Malleable Castings Company as foreman, a 
position which he still retains to the satisfaction of his employers and decidedly to his own 
credit. He is a man of brains, energy and push, and has made his own way to his present 
position of independence by his own energy and integrity. He certainly knows what pioneer 
life is, for he was born in a log cabin, in which not a nail had been driven, and this continued 
to be his home for a number of years. His initiatory training was received in the common 
schools of Putnam County, which were by no means of the best at that time, but he fortu- 
nately afterward graduated from a business college of Cleveland, his tuition being paid in 
money which he earned by the sweat of his brow while laying brick. Since locating in 
Haughville he has been town trustee for eight years, four years of which time he was presi- 
dent of the board, and during his administration many of the most important improvements 
in the town were made, and were largely due to his push and public spirit. Street cars were 
established, streets were laid out, a natural gas plant was put in and an excellent school-house 
was erected, besides numerous other improvements. In 1870 he was united in marriage to 



THE NL".\V V" .. 

public L!:.\:a :rr, 



ASTOR. LENOX ANQ 
TILOGN FOUNDATION!, 



ASJl^l^. 



AND MARION. COUNTY, INDIANA. 57 

Miss Emma Grosch, a native of Staten Island, N. Y., and to their union three sons and a 
daughter have been given. He is president of the Haughville Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, a member of the Commercial Club of Indianapolis, and politically has always been a 
Democrat, and has supported the principles of that party on all occasions, although he has 
never been an office seeker. He is a man among men and proven himself a decided acquisi- 
tion to the town of Haughville. 

Allison Maxwell, M. D. The old saying that "a prophet is not without honor save in his 
own country," which has come to be applied not only to prophets but to men in nearly 
every profession, trade and walk of life, is most completely controverted in every commu- 
nity in the country by the manifestation of high esteem on the part of the people for able 
and honorable members of the medical profession. The physician, more generally perhaps, 
than even the pastor, endears himself to the family circle, and while he may not be 
strictly of it he is at all times very near to it and his relations are so confidential that 
his welcome is more spontaneous and hearty than that of many connected to it with 
the ties of blood. Among the most honored family physicians of Indianapolis is Dr. 
Allison Maxwell, who enjoys a large and lucrative practice and numbers among his patrons 
many prominent and influential citizens. Dr. Maxwell is a son of Dr. James D. and 
Louisa (Howe) Maxwell, both natives of Indiana, and was born at Bloomington, Ind., Sep- 
tember 24, 1848. Dr. James D. Maxwell enjoyed the distinction of being not only the 
father of physicians but the son of a physician. His father, Dr. David H. Maxwell, was a native 
of Kentucky and was a medical pupil of Dr. Ephraim McDowell, and locating in Monroe 
County about 1819, was one of the pioneer settlers there. He was a surgeon in the War 
of 1812, and his standing outside of his profession is indicated by the fact that he was 
chosen a member of the Constitutional Convention which framed the first constitution of 
the State, which was adopted at its organization. The degree of M. D. was conferred upon 
him by the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati. In 1810 he located at Blooming ton, 
Ind., and was one of the surveyors and organizers of the town, in which he lived and 
practiced his profession with much success until his death, which occurred in 1854. He 
was the founder and was elected the first president of the board of trustees of the Indiana 
University at Bloom ington, and was one of the trustees of that institution continuously 
from its organization until his death, and has ever since been popularly referred to as "the 
father of the university." His practice at Bloomington was continued by his son, James 
D. Maxwell, who was graduated from the Indiana University in 1833 and who, in 1841, 
attended Transylvania, at Lexington, Ky. The following year he became a student in the 
Jefferson Medical College, and was graduated therefrom in 1844 with the degree of M. D. 
During a period of nearly forty years he was a trustee of the Indiana University, and his 
service as auch was terminated only by his death, which occurred at Bloomington Septem- 
ber 30, 1802. He was an active and successful medical practioner, and for many years 
had a larger and more lucrative practice than any physician in the county. A few years 
prior to his death, however, he retired from the practice of his profession and devoted him- 
self entirely to the interests of the Indiana University and to his private affairs. Dr. 
Allison Maxwell was reared in his native town, and there he obtained his primary educa- 
tion in the public schools. In 1862 he entered the preparatory department of the Indiana 
University, and in 1868, having completed a classical course, he was duly graduated from 
that institution, in which for a year after he was tutor of Greek and Latin, relinquishing 
his position in its faculty to go to San Francisco, Cal., where for two years he was clerk in 
the Bancroft Publishing House. Returning to Bloomington at the expiration of that time, 
he began the study of medicine with his father, and in the fall of 1872 he began the study 
of medicine with his father, and in the fall of 1872 he became a student in the Miami 
Medical College, of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he took the graded course of three years, and 
by competitive examination, was appointed and served for one year as interne of the City 
Hospital, graduating from the Miami Medical College with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 1876. In April of that year he came to Indianapolis and became the assistant of 
Dr. Theophilus Parvin, now of Philadelphia, and in this relation continued with that well- 
known physician during a period of eight years, until Dr. Parvin removed from the city. 
In 1880 Dr. Maxwell was elected coroner of Marion County and was re-elected in 1882. 



■^ 






r i 



58 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

He has held the chair of Principles and Practice of Medicine in the Central College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, of Indianapolis, since 1886, and as clinical lecturer at the City 
Hospital, and a member of the consulting staff at the City Dispensary. Under the present 
charter of the city of Indianapolis, he was appointed a member of .the first board of health 
organized by its provisions. He is a member of the Marion County Medical Society, of the 
Indiana State Medical Society and of the American Medical Association. Dr. Maxwell 
was married May 3, 1883, to Cynthia A. Routh, a native of Wayne County, Ind., and 
daughter of James R. and Sarah J. Routh, also natives of this State, who has borne him 
two children : Leslie H. and Ruth. 

James D. Maxwell, Jr., a brother of Dr. Allison Maxwell, was born in July, 1850, and 
was graduated from the University of Indiana in 1872. He pursued a regular three-year 
graded course at the Miami Medical College of Cincinnati, and, like his brother, became an 
interne in the City Hospital at Cincinnati, by competitive examination. He graduated from 
the Miami Medical College in 1878, and, going to Cleveland, Ohio, was for two years 
assistant surgeon in the Cleveland Hospital for the Insane. Returning to the family home, 
at Bloomington. he became a partner of his father, Dr. James D. Maxwell, Sr. In the 
winter of 1882-83 he took a special course in surgery atBellevue Hospital Medical College, 
at New York, and received his diploma from that institution in April, 1883. Taking up his 
residence permanently at Bloomington, he soon obtained a large general practice and became 
so popular as a surgeon that he actually did the greater part of the surgical work in the 
county down to the time of his death, which occurred in January, 1891. The esteem in 
which he was held by his fellow-citizens found expression in the oft-repeated statement 
that any citizen of Monroe County could have been better spared than Dr. James D. 
Maxwell, Jr. 

Presley Jennings. The trade of the horse- shoer and blacksmith is one that comes within 
the bounds of daily opportunity to manifest a humane spirit toward man's most faithful and 
obedient friend, the horse. If the theory of John Stuart Mill is correct, there is certainly a 
heaven for this brightest order of the dumb animal. The shoer of the horse has many an 
opportunity to prove the tender side of heart, and in his calling, which has existed almost 
since the world began, one of the most humane and careful men is Presley Jennings, who 
is a master of his trade in every sense of the word. He is a native of Bridgeport, Ind., born 
January 23, 1834, and has been a citizen of Marion County. Ind., ever since. His parents, 
Allen and Eleanor (Thornbrough) Jennings, were united in marriage in 1818. but the former 
was a native of Virginia, and two years prior to his marriage came to this State. For two 
years after the celebration of his nuptials he made his home in the State of his birth, at the 
end of which time he retnrned to Marion County, Ind., and here remained until his death, 
which took place in 1864, his wife having passed from life in this county in 1849. They be- 
came the parents of five sons and five daughters, all of whom are living with the exception 
of the two eldest daughters and the youngest son. Their children were named as follows: 
Nancy, married William H. Foreman, and died in early womanhood; Elizabeth, married 
Manning Vohrie, and is also deceased ; William is a resident of Marion County; Jane is the 
wife of John Ray, and lives in Boone County, Ind. ; Lydia is the wife of John H. Rodman, 
and is a resident of Ray County, Mo. ; Polly is the wife of George Sowerwine, and resides 
in Indianapolis; Presley, the subject of this sketch; John, who resides in Indianapolis; 
Clark is a resident of California, and Allen, who died at the age of four years. In Marion 
County Presley Jennings was reared, and in the public schools of this section he received a 
common-school education. On January 1, 1855. he was married to Miss Alice Head, a 
daughter of Simeon C. and Melinda (Poage) Head, who were married in Kentucky in 1818, 
and soon after moved to Rush County, Ind., and shortly after to Marion County, where for 
a number of years they kept hotel. They then gave this up to engage in farming, but in 
1856 moved to Zionsville, Ind , and lived a retired life until their respective deaths in 1881 
and 1875. To the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Jennings a family of ten children have been 
given: Frank, born October 12, 1856; Orla S., born November 28, 1858, and died March 
13, 1865; Emerson B., born December 4, 1860; Charles, born August 14, 1863, is now 
married to Emma Smith, and lives in this county near his parents: Orpha, born October 4, 
1865, is the wife of George W. Sheets; Otis was born August 16, 1869, and now lives in 



5 

i 

I 

I 



THE ;•< X V »• ,*:;; 



AffT-OR, L F.SOX AND 

TILT' N F^C •I'AT'f'NS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 59 

Indianapolis; Bertha, born January 31, 1874; Ralph, born December 18, 1879; Aggie, born 
February 28, 1885. Since 1849 Mr. Jennings has followed the calling of old Tubal Cain, 
and is now the proprietor of a large shop at Nora, Ind. He is a lover of fine horses, and 
owns some of the best bred animals in the county. Mr. Jennings has always been a warm 
patron of education, and the public school system of Indiana has been his pride. He has 
always been a Republican in his political views, and proudly asserts that his boys have fol- 
lowed in his footsteps in this respect. He has in his possession a clock which stands over 
eight feet high, and although it has been in the possession of the Jennings family for about 
100 years, keeps perfect time. This relic Mr. Jennings highly values. 

Gen. Lew Wallace. In a chance conversation with a well known infidel a Western 
lawyer had been listening to an abundance of sarcastic sneers at the Christian religion. He 
felt ashamed of his ignorance of the subject, and, impressed with its importance, he deter- 
mined to study into it. In thinking how to begin he recalled a story that he had started a 
year before, founded on the wise men's search for Christ. It had been written simply as a 
story, with little interest in its central figure, and had been for some time laid aside. He 
decided to carry on his study along the lines suggested by the story, and to seek to learn of 
the Saviour and of the world as he found it. The result was that "Ben-Hur" was written 
and that its author became a believer in the Christ of whom he wrote. It may have been to 
his friends and to Gen. Wallace himself something of a surprise that his name should become 
best known by such a book. " Lewis Wallace," it was said a quarter of a century ago, 
" handles the pen and the brush with ease and taste, but his genius is military.'' Born at 
Brookville, Ind., April 10, 1827, his early scholastic training was received from the common 
schools. David Wallace, his father, was a graduate of the United States Military Academy, 
was successively elected in Indiana as legislator, member of the Constitutional Convention, 
lieutenant-governor, governor, congressman and judge of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Marion County. The ambition of the subject of this biography had been of the military 
order, but his study and work had been rather too desultory to point to success in many 
directions. As a boy he was fond of shooting and of books, taking especial delight in Plu- 
tarch's Lives. He wrote a novel dealing with the tenth century and made some advance in 
art, but settled down to reading law with his father, who served a term as governor of Indi- 
ana. On the breaking out of the Mexican War Lewis entered the army and gained for him- 
self a good name as a disciplinarian. After the war, while practicing law, he found his 
recreation in training a company that he had organized. When the Civil War came he was 
called to become adjutant-general of his native State, Indiana, and then went into service 
as a colonel. receiving an appointment as major-general after the surrender of Fort Donelson, 
by reason of his military genius. His career as an army official ended as second member of 
the court that tried the assassins of President Lincoln, and he was president of that which 
tried Capt. Henry Wirz, commandant of the Andersonville prison. From 1878 to 1881 he 
served as governor of Utah and under President Hayes he was appointed governor of New 
Mexico, where he wrote the last part of " Ben-Hur." Under President Garfield he was 
offered a mission to South America, which he declined, afterward accepting the position of 
minister to Turkey. While holding this place he was in most pleasant personal relations 
with the Sultan, who twice requested him to enter the Turkish service. His experience in 
Mexico interested Gen. Wallace greatly in that country and led to his writing " The Fair 
God" in which he sought to present a picture of that remarkable land as it was centuries 
ago. Naturally, in sending him to Turkey, President Garfield, who had enjoyed " Ben-Hur," 
said: " I expect another book out of you Your official duties will not be too onerous to 
allow you to write it. Locate it in Constantinople." The beauty and the history of the city 
were persuasive arguments, enforcing the hint, and the thought was in Gen. Wallace's mind 
from the first. The fall of Constantinople and the many events centering around that in the 
history of nations and of religions furnished a fascinating theme, and out of this has grown 
the author's latest work, which will undoubtedly add another triumph to the list that has 
already made him so great a favorite. 

Daniel H. Prunk. There is no calling upon earth that demands greater self-sacrifice, 
unselfishness and devotion than that of tho physician, who must needs incur the risk of con- 
tracting fatal disease and who must forego comfort and endure fatigues in the discharge of 



60 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

his duties. Nor is there to be found upon the globe a nobler spectacle than that of a physi- 
cian who is true to himself, and conscientiously proceeds with the carrying out of the obliga- 
tions resting upon him. He who is truly successful must needs live up to the full measure of 
his responsibilities and bear the burdens that rest upon him with a cheerful resignation. One 
recompense is his, at least, and that is the trust, confidence and the esteem of those who require 
his services in the times of illness; for no one gets closer to the hearts of those with whom 
he is associated than the good and worthy physician. Such thoughts are naturally awakened 
as one contemplates the life and the work of the estimable subject of this sketch, who not only 
has lived a life of great and disinterested usefulness in civil life, but who, also, in the time of 
his country's peril went to the front and with skillful hands ministered to the wants of the 
sick and the wounded, laboring unceasingly for the relief of suffering. Daniel H. Prunk, 
M. D., of Indianapolis, was born near Fincastle, Botetourt County, Va., November 3, 1829; 
being the son of Daniel Prunk, born in the State of Maryland in 1796, served his country in 
the War of 1812 as a brave and true soldier and died in Illinois in 1861. The mother of our 
subject, Catharine (Edwards) Prunk,' was born in old Virginia in 1797 and died in Minnesota 
at the age of eighty four (in 1881). The father of our subject becoming impressed with the 
folly of endeavoring to compete with slave labor, left the old Dominion in the fall of 1881 
with his wife and seven children, and on his journey Northward was compelled by the 
severity of the weather to winter at Xenia, Ohio. In the following spring, however, the 
family was again in motion, pressing forward over the most execrable of roads, the horses be- 
ing frequently stalled in quagmires, and again wading side-deep in and through great slonghs 
of mud. Again and again in the most difficult parts of the way, the children were trans- 
ported over the water and mud in the strong arms of their brave but wearied father. The 
westward journey was by way of Crawfordsville, Ind., which finally was reached and passed, 
the hearts of the parents growing lighter as the distance diminished, and their relief was 
infinite when at last they reached Hennepin, Bureau Couuty, 111., their final stopping place. 
But here their trials and hardships they soon found were but fairly begun. The travel- worn 
father proceeded at once, it being in the spring of 1832 when he reached his destination, to 
clear a farm and establish a home for his family in the then far West wilderness. The 
neighbors were few and lived far apart and the fear of the Indians was strong in the breasts 
of all, for this was the time when Black Hawk had stirred up the hearts of his savage follow- 
ers to resist banishment across the Mississippi, and Mr. Prunk only saved his loved wife and 
children from the tomahawks of the red demons by taking refuge in the old Florida fort, 
situated about three miles from Hennepin. Notwithstanding the many besetments and 
perils, sturdy and brave Daniel Prunk did clear his land and erect a home, and in time golden 
stalks of the wheat waved in his field, inviting the blade of the sickle, and later, the tall 
tassels of corn proclaimed the presence of the ripened ears beneath. But society was imper- 
fectly organized in those days and education was a precious quality, because the school -houses, 
always built of logs, were so far apart, and the teachers so scarce. Subscription schools 
maintained for three months in the winter were the very best facilities enjoyed by the most 
favored, and parents rejoiced when this opportunity was offered their children. Those who 
were very poor were compelled to deny this limited privilege to their offspring. In truth, 
those who had settled in the wilds of Bureau, like the settlers of frontier country generally, 
had come together there imbued with the one great idea of accumulating property, the pri- 
vations endured being a fresh stimulus to exertion, and the leading thought shut off in large 
measure the duties and obligations of cultivated life. Under such obvious difficulties and 
besetments the boyhood and youth of Dr. Prunk passed, and his ambitious spirit chafed under 
the privations he endured. His awakened mind demanded something above and beyond the 
drudgery of farm life, and bidding adieu to the home he made his way to Lacon, 111., and 
there he worked mornings, evenings and Saturdays in order to defray his expenses at school, 
continuing thus until he was qualified to teach school. While engaged in teaching he con- 
scientiously discharged his duties, earnestly seeking to impart instruction to those consigned 
to his care. At the same time he diligently reviewed his studies and prosecuted them to 
further results, and with praisworthy economy saved every possible penny, so that in 1850 
he entered the college at Mt. Palatine, 111., where he remained one year, and then in 1851, 
he entered Bock River Seminary, where among his classmates were John A. Rawlins, after- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 61 

ward secretary of war under President Grant, and Shelby M. CuIIouj, ex governor of Illinois 
and now United States senator from that state. His limited means compelled him to return 
home at the expiration of a year and during the next fall and winter he again taught school. 
In the spring he began the study of medicine, under the preceptorship of Dr. Joseph Mercer, 
of Princeton, 111., and during the winter of that year, 1853, he attended the Eclectic Medical 
Institute, at Cincinnati, returning the following winter, and the winter following that, finally 
graduating in 1856, receiving the diploma of a doctor of medicine and surgery. Having 
thus realized a dream and ambition that had fired his youth to energy and having endured 
much privation in order to accomplish his heart's great desire, he cast about for a favorable 
place for settlement, with the purpose strong within him to devote his life earnestly and con- 
scientiously to his noble profession. He hit upon Carthage, a beautiful village in the suburbs 
of Cincinnati, where the gay and happy young people were wont to frequently gather from 
the city in picnic and other innocent and invigorating gatherings. It was at one of these 
happy parties that he met a most accomplished and estimable young lady from the Blue-Grass 
country, towards whom he was attracted from the first, and the acquaintance ripened into 
friendship, love and marriage, the auspicious event last named occurring one year later. In 
the year following, by a special arrangement, he took charge of the practice of Dr. A. Shep- 
herd, of Springdale, Ohio, while that gentleman was absent on a foreign tour, and upon the 
return of the latter he yielded to the importunity of friends and settled at Rockford, 111., 
which was then coming to the front. Every outlook was bright and he went there under the 
most encouraging prospects, it now seeming he had reached a point where he might begin to 
reap the reward of his long and faithful work. But he reached Rockford in the fall of 1857, 
the year in which the country was paralyzed by the great financial crash that spared no city or 
town or country place, and no power could resist its depression or rise superior to its influences. 
It was a keen and bitter disappointment to Dr. Prunk, when in the following fall he found it 
necessary to return to Princeton, but he kept it within his own breast and bravely did his 
duty. Reaching Princeton in October, 1858, he formed a partnership with his old precep- 
tor, Dr. Mercer, which lasted until April 16, 1861, when special inducements offered led him 
to settle at Indianapolis, and this at the time when the great body of the North quivered 
because of the insult to the flag at Fort Sumter. In September of this year our subject 
was honored by Governor Morton with a commission as assistant surgeon in the Nineteenth 
Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, to fill a vacancy. After passing a highly creditable 
examination before the regular board he was assigned to duty at the Marshall House Hospital, 
at Alexandria, Va. , where he served several months, when the critical illness of his wife called 
him home. He was ordered June 28, 1862, by the governor to report to Col. Brown, of the 
Twentieth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, which lay at Harrison's Landing, Va. , 
immediately after the Seven Days' battle. Rare indeed does it happen in the history of 
war that an army is so reduced as this was, by the ravages of disease, the casualties of 
battle and the fury of the elements. So decimated were the rank and file that scarcely 
sufficient men could be mustered to man the breastworks and trenches. It was said that such 
soldiers as Hooker and Kearney, who were inured to the most terrible of scenes, actually 
shed tears as they witnessed the trials and the agony of the army and saw the attenuated 
forms of the disease- ravaged men. Men and horses died so fast that there were none 
to bury them and the stench that arose was frightful, as well as threatening the safety of the 
living. Dr. Prunk moved among such terrible scenes as these, his strength taxed to the 
utmost to meet the demands made upon his professional services, and finally he suc- 
cumbed (he had not been flesh and blood had he withstood it) and he was seriously attacked 
with a combination of camp diarrhoea and typhoid fever. Hence, when the army was 
ordered to evacuate the place, he was shipped to David's Island Hospital, sixteen miles above 
New York city, where he was confined to his tent for six weeks. During his absence the 
Second Battle of Bull Run and of Centerville had been fought, and the veteran regiment lay 
near Arlington Heights, very much reduced in numbers and under marching orders, for the 
advance on Fredericksburg. Dr. Prunk was ordered by Gen. Barry to take charge of all the 
sick of the brigade and to conduct them to the Third Army Corps Hospital, near Alexandria, 
where he remained in charge until about the middle of December, 1862, when he resigned 
and returned home. But he did not remain long, his heart being with the brave boys who 



62 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

were bearing and suffering for the nation's cause, and lie was soon again ready for active 
service. Having learned that there was a demand for competent surgeons at Nashville he 
proceeded thither, and after a two-days searching examination by the United States' army 
board, he was declared to be altogether satisfactory, when he immediately concluded terms 
with Dr. A. Henry Thurston, assistant surgeon general, of the United States army and 
medical director at Nashville, and was ordered to duty at the officers' hospital. He subse- 
quently assisted Dr. Salter in organizing the Cumberland Hospital, which had a capacity of 
3,000 patients, and he remained here in the active discharge of his duties until October 
12, 1863. During his leisure hours he had discovered a new preservative and disinfectant 
compound for embalming bodies, and he engaged in that business with a decided success 
during the remainder of the war, by permission of Gen. George H. Thomas, having his head- 
quarters at Nashville, with branches at Chattanooga, Knoxville, Dalton, Atlanta, Marri- 
etta and Huntsville. He rendered valuable service to the remains of Gen. McPherson and 
other fallen heroes during the Georgia campaign. When the war was over Dr. Prunk 
returned to Iudianapolis and has lived here ever since, devoting his time and energies to the 
practice of medicine, in which he has been signally successful. To smooth his professional 
journey, which had been made rough by the interposing barriers of **isms," and to divert 
the lire of enemies from without and within the profession, he took a course and graduated, 
at the close of the winter session of 1875-76, at the college of Physicians and .Surgeons 
(allopathic school), just twenty years after he had received his first degree, and during all 
these years he had practiced with most gratifying success. Dr. Prunk has been eminently 
successful in his practice and his standing as a physician and surgeon is of the highest 
order. Always studious, he lias prosecuted his studies and investigations throughout his 
career with the most unremitting ardor, while he has enjoyed the advantage of instruction 
in two medical colleges and had a large and varied experience in the army, to say nothing 
of what he has garnered in the way of knowledge in his extensive private practice. He is 
eminently fitted for the profession he adorns, being of a profoundly sympathetic nature, 
unselfish, sociable and possessed of charming conversational powers and the most agreeable 
manners. As a man, a citizen, father, husband, neighbor and friend — in all the relations of 
life, he is an exemplar, worthy to be followed by all who appreciate the good and the hon- 
orable in living. As a citizen and patriot, Dr. Prunk takes an active interest in public 
affairs, and in politics is a Republican, being in hearty accord with the teachings of that 
party. In religion he was reared in the Methodist Church, the faithful itinerants of that 
body having found their way into the great remote fastnesses of his old Illinois home, and 
he learned to love them for their devotion to the cause they professed. Hence he joined 
that body and consistently followed its teachings from the time of his connection with it at 
at Lacon, 111., in 1849, until 1867, when he joined the Episcopal Church, his wife being a 
dqvout member of that church. The marriage of the Doctor to this most worthy 
lady, to whom reference has previously been made, occurred March 30, 1858, her 
name being Harriet Augusta Smith. The fruits of this uniou are: Frank Howard, born at 
Princeton, Bureau County, 111., March 14, 1860; Harry Clayton, born at Indianapolis, 
August 17, 1861, and Byron Fletcher, born at Iudianapolis, December 20, 1866. The 
accomplished mother of these children merits the highest distinction because of her true and 
womanly qualities, which endear her to a choice circle of friends. She is possessed of superior 
gifts and endowments of mind aud heart, and whether as wife, mother or friend in the social 
circle, she reflects the virtues of highest womanhood. Hers are the qualities that attach 
persons to her strongly, and retain them under all conditions. Mrs. Harriet Augusta Prunk 
is a native of Cincinnati, although soon after her birth her parents, William J. and Lavinia 
(Lennox) Smith, moved to Covington, Ky., where she was reared and resided until her 
marriage. Her parents were natives of old Virginia, where the maternal name of Lennox 
has figured prominently for many generations, her grandfather Lennox having been a 
lieutenant in the war of the Revolution. Receiving a careful and thorough preparatory 
education, Mrs. Prunk at an early age entered the Wesleyan Female College, an institution 
that had attained great prominence because of the thoroughness of its course, and that was 
one of the foremost educational institutions of Cincinnati, graduating from it in 1859, but a 
short time before her marriage. Very early in life she evidenced a rare talent in declamation. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 63 

and elocution, which developed into aa exceptional quality of reading and dramatic power. 
This gift brought her into great prominence when at college, so that she was assigned duties 
at all entertainments within its walls, as well as at social gatherings, amateur entertain- 
ments, etc. It was manifest to her friends that she possessed this quality in a high degree, 
and that application, which is inseparable from attainment of foremost places in any depart- 
ment of art or knowledge, would develop it into dramatic and elocutionary genius. In 
Mrs. Prunk was the innate love, strong and abiding, for the art, and her will was all potent 
for the needed laborious study, aud young as she was, she applied herself with assiduity, and 
with a continuity that would have reflected credit upon a much older person. Her marriage 
did not end her progress in the line of literary work, nor cause her to terminate her studies, 
for she devoted ten years after to arduous study and close application, with the result of at- 
taining to a high degree of perfection the ideal artist, qualification inherent and by nature 
given, only waiting to be nurtured by the warm sunlight of development into fruition and 
maturity. Her instructors were professors of eminence in the East, who were the more en- 
thusiastic and painstaking in instruction, because tbey were impressed by her talent and 
admired the spirit that imbued her. Ambitious yet to acquire all possible perfection, she 
entered in October, 1877, the Boston University School of Oratory, under the control of the 
late Louis B. Monroe, and after the most diligent and persistent application for a period of 
two years, she graduated from that celebrated institution in May, 1879, which was one year 
less than the regular course. She likewise enjoyed the high privilege of special instruction 
from Profs. Steele Mackaye and R. R. Raymond, of Boston and New York. The first ap- 
pearance of Mrs. Prunk before the public in a professional capacity was in the Grand Opera 
House, Indianapolis, in October, 1878, in response to a pressing invitation from the leading 
citizens of that city, and the city, and press and critics united in praising her graceful 
presence, remarkable purity and quality of voice, and her high dramatic powers. Her sec- 
ond appearance was in Tremont Temple, Boston, May 19, 1879, before a large assembly 
composed of the elite of that cultured city. Her reception was an ovation, and the press of 
Boston teemed with adulatory praise of the distinguished Indianapolis lady. Since then she 
has appeared in public on many occasions, but principally in Indianapolis, and her wonderful 
ability and 'constantly augmenting powers have combined to urge her adoption of the plat- 
form as a profession, her friends insisting that such endowments and faculties as hers should 
not be lost to the people, and in response to numerous requests from friends and leading 
citizens, Mrs. Prunk established the Indiana Boston School of Elocution and Expression, 
of Indianapolis, in the fall of 1879, of which institution sbe has been principal since its 
organization. From this celebrated school there has been many graduates from different 
parts of the United States that are to-day doing good work in the various branches of the 
profession. Some are ministers, professors, teachers, elocutionists, readers and on the his- 
trionic stage. Mrs. Prunk and the public have a right to be proud of the work done in this 
school, which has been endorsed by some of the best known men in tbe United States. She 
loves her art, and from her soul. She is tVue and noble of heart, and has educated in the 
various branches of the art many pupils without recompense, because from her heart she 
desires to lend a helping hand to those who are deserving. Mrs. Prunk is also principal of 
the dramatic department of the School of Music of Indianapolis, and her work is endorsed 
by many distinguished men and women of letters, among whom may be mentioned, William 
E. Sheldon, editor of New England Journal of Education; Right Rev. D. B. Knickerbocker, 
Bishop of Indiana; Rev. Edward Bradley, of New York City; Rev. Dr. Cleveland, of Indian- 
apolis; Rev. Dr. Haines of Indianapolis, and many others. It requires but the willingness 
on her part for her fame to become coextensive with the country. The highest and best authori- 
ties are agreed that she has no peer as a delineator of character and interpreter of dramatic 
art, and that has been acknowledged wherever she has appeared and by the numerous 
patrons of the school of which she is now principal. To the people of her own city and 
State and to the refined and cultured circles of the East she requires no introduction. Her 
friends place her alongside of Mrs. Siddons, the resemblance between the power and pres- 
ence of both being marked. Mrs. Prunk combines in a positive manner those mental and 
physical powers which constitute excellence in her art and which in any other situation or 
profession would cause some one or more of her splendid gifts to be misplaced or to lie dor- 



64 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

mant. Her face and form are highly attractive and she has attained that degree of perfec- 
tion in her work that it has ceased to appear as art, but as nature itself. Mrs. Prunk has 
been a profound student of the forms and capabilities of language, so that a delicacy of 
emphasis is assured by which the meaning of an author is most intelligently conveyed, and 
no critic could suggest in her delivery a shade of intonation by which the sentiment could 
be more faithfully or fully expressed. With an unequaled genius and a passionate love for 
her art, and having the utmost patience in study, and a purely sympathetic nature, there is 
not a passage she cannot delineate, and the most delicate shade and nicest modification of 
passion she siezes with philosophical accuracy and renders with such immediate force of 
nature and truth, as well as precision, that what is the result of deep study and unwearied 
patience and practice appears like a sudden inspiration. A Boston paper says of Mrs. 
Prunk: " There is not a height of grandeur to which 6he does not soar, nor a depth of 
misery to which she can not descend, nor a chord of feeling, from the sternest to the most 
delicate, which she cannot cause to vibrate at her will." One of Indiana's best-known 
writers, after attending one of Mrs. Prunk' 8 entertainments, wrote the following of her 

voice i 

TO HATTIE AUGUSTA PRUNK. 



Your voice! it is sweet as a day in June, 
When buds are in bloom and the birds attune 
Their songs to the gladness that pushes through 
The air and the flowers and the heart of man, 
And you clothe old thoughts with a meaning new 
When you read as an artist only can. 

Your voice! it is like an autumn wind 
That quavers and moans and falters behind 
The triumphant chorus of summer days, 
But which be the sweeter — June tones or sad, 
It doth matter not, for the love always 
Throbs in the mournful as well as the glad. 

Your voice! it is clear as a tinkling stream 
That ripples and purls and glances between 
The willows that lean o'er its shining breast. 
You " Rock Me to Sleep " with the rhythmic flow 
Of words that you read, and a holy rest 
Cradles my soul when your voice falls low, low, 
Like a dream of a olden lullaby 
That sways the tired heart with its melody. 

-V 

"Her personal appearance and presence are stately and dignified, while her command of 
facial expression seems almost unlimited, now capable of delineating the sunniest of smiles, 
now picturing the sternest of expressions, now lighted up with the beams of hope, and anon 
shrouded in the gloom of despair." Unlike a good many, who seem not to live outside of 
their profession, Mrs. Prunk shines as brilliantly in the social circle as on the platform, is a 
versatile and brilliant conversationalist, quick as lightning's flash, apt at repartee, and in the 
arena of refined sarcasm able to cut and parry with all the polish and dash of the witty, 
refined and accomplished lady. In her domestic relations she is by nature pre-eminently 
\ happy, a noble wife and a devoted mother, having inherited the qualities of head and heart 

characteristic of her late much -beloved mother, a Christian woman of broad ideas, unusual 
I intelligence and charitable in the highest sense of the word, and between mother and daugh- 

' ter there existed a remarkable bond of devoted affection and companionship. Mrs. Prunk is 

now in the very prime of life and cannot have yet reached the zenith of her physical and 
intellectual powers. Assuredly higher honors await her than she has yet achieved. 

Isaac King. The subject of our sketch, although in the very prime of life, has filled 
high and responsible positions under the gifts of the people and he is a citizen who is held 
in the highest esteem by the people without regard to party. Isaac King, ex-sheriff of 
Marion County, was born at Cincinnati, Ohio, February 15, 1846, being the son of George 
and Elizabeth (McKinney) King, natives of Ireland and Pennsylvania, respectively. The 
father of our subject was bound out while a boy to the trade of a blacksmith in Maryland; 



7Y&Uty WW 



4 % 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR. LENOX AN ° 
TiLOtN FOUNOAT.ONS. 



*J*v^>~? \)^ r $Ct-^<iJl 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 65 

* 

his master not being a satisfactory one, he some time after his service began, in company 
with some other boys working with him, ran away to Philadelphia, where he completed his 
term and then followed the same work as a journeyman for a number of years. Then he 
went to Baltimore, where he remained for a short time and then to Cincinnati, at which place 
he lived for thirty- five years. A man of the deepest religious convictions, he was finally led 
into the Society of Shakers, in which community he spent the closing days of his long life, 
finally dying among them, in Hamilton County, Ohio, at the age of eighty-one. His widow 
is living in Indianapolis, aged eighty-seven. This couple had six children, four of whom 
are living, namely: Julia, wife of William M. Rubush; George King, of Tipton, Ind., super- 
intendent of the poor farm of that county; Anna M. , wife of Logan Justice, and Isaac, our 
subject. Charles King, a brother of our subject, who died at Louisville, was a soldier in the 
late war and Sarah, a sister, is also dead. The subject of our sketch was brought up with 
the Shakers at Whitewater village, Ohio, until he was seventeen years old, receiving what 
meagre education it was possible for the society to get for the youth there. The life there 
was very repulsive to him and he resolved at any hazard to get his younger sister from out 
of the influence of the place. So, at the age of seventeen he took her with him and fled the 
spot, coming to Indianapolis. He was young to have so grave a responsibility and he had 
no trade upon which to fall back, while his education, as has been stated, was very limited. 
But his heart was brave and with a sublime devotion he sought work, gladly accepting any 
that was honest and that would give food and clothing to his sister, whom he loved with a 
strong devotion. For three years he did various jobs of work and then, at the age of twenty, 
began to learn the trade of a blacksmith. He began his apprenticeship under George Van 
Antwerp and served it out faithfully, after which he worked as a journeyman for five years, 
at the expiration of which he purchased a half interest in the business of his employer. Mr. 
King has carried on the business ever since, the firm name being King & Knight, who do a 
general business in the line named. Politics always proved a subject of great interest to 
him and his pleasant manner, good fellowship and general excellent character gave him 
great influeoce. Hence his party saw in him a man most 9 vail able for the office of sheriff, 
a position for which he was nominated and to which he was elected in 1884 and was re-elected 
in 1886, serving two full terms. Mr. King met the full expectations of his friends and 
admirers while sheriff, proving himself a most efficient and honorable official and administer- 
ing affairs with the utmost fairness. He has served very acceptably as an alderman from 
the Fourth District two terms. The political faith of Mr. King is that of a pronounced 
Democrat, a party to which he has always been loyal and for which he has worked untiringly 
ever since he attained his majority. A resident of Indianapolis for upward of thirty years, 
he is thoroughly identified with the interests of the city, for which he has labored earnestly 
always, when the services of good citizens were needed to effect some reform or to inaugurate 
some movement for the general good. A number of organizations know him as brother and 
fellow worker, amqng which are the Masonic order, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Knights 
of Honor and the Elks. He was married first, in 1873, to Miss Nannie J. Knight and a 
second time to Miss Frankie Faling. He is the father of two children, Alice E. and Lloyd 
I. King. 

John T. Pressly. It is the men of broad and comprehensive views who give life to 
communities and build cities — men who have foresight and energy, pluck and push to for- 
ward their enterprises and still retain an untarnished reputation through it all. Such a man 
is John T. Pressly, ex- sheriff of Marion County, Ind., who is now retired from the active 
affairs of life and is enjoying the reward of his early industry. He was born in Preble 
County, Ohio, May 7, 1831, a son of James and Elizabeth (Hamilton) Pressly, the former of 
whom was born near Charleston, N. C, and the latter in Union County, Ind. When a 
young man James Pressly settled in Preble County, Ohio, where he carried on merchandis- 
ing for a time in the village of Morning Sun, putting up the first building in the place. In 
the spring of 1844 he became a resident of Marion County, and having in the meantime 
begun the study of medicine, he began practicing after locating in Marion County, and fol- 
lowed this calling for a number of years. His death occurred in 1848, his wife having pre- 
ceded him to her long home by a number of years. John T. Pressly was about thirteen 
years of age when his parents came to Marion County, and in the common schools of this 



66 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

section he received his education. Shortly after the family oame to Indianapolis young 
Pressly entered the employ of the State as teamster at the deaf and dumb asylum, a posi- 
tion he held nearly two years, when he was appointed steward of the asylum to fill a 
vacancy. He continued in this capacity about five years, then resigned and became a clerk 
in Smith & Hanley's store. About one year and a half later he began railroading and for 
fifteen years he was a locomotive engineer on the Bee Line road. In the meantime he con- 
ceived the idea of investing in a saw-mill and for some time he furnished lumber t<? the rail- 
road company, and after retiring from the position of engineer he continued in the saw-mill 
business for about five years and was very successful. He dealt exclusively in walnut lum- 
ber and realized over $40,000 from the business, which he sold in 1873. In 1870 he was 
prevailed upon by friends to accept a nomination to the city council from what was the 
eighth ward, which had a Democratic majority of 344 and included all territory south of 
East Street to the city limits. The popularity of Mr. Pressly failed to overcome the Demo- 
cratic majority but his defeat was by only thirty -seven votes. The following year he was 
again persuaded to be a candidate and this time was elected by 157 votes, serving as coun- 
cilman one term. In 1876 Mr. Pressly was nominated for sheriff by the Republicans of 
Marion County, and was elected by over 1,900 majority. He was honored by a renomina- 
tion in 1878 and again elected, serving as sheriff four years in all, and retiring in 1880. 
Immediately following this he engaged in farming, purchasing a fine tract of 400 acres on 
Crawfordsville pike about four miles northwest in Wayne township, which he continues to 
conduct, a considerable portion of his land being devoted to raising stock. He has been 
very prosperous and has beautiful residence property in the city. He was married June 25, 
1855, to Miss Mary A. Dunn, a native of Canada, but who was reared and educated in 
Indianapolis, and to their union two children have been given: Annie E., wife of Daniel 
Chenoweth, and Addie, wife of John F. Carson, of the firm of Carson & Thompson, attor- 
neys. Mr. Pressly is a member of the Masonic order, thirty-second degree, Scottish rite. 
He is a church member iu good standing and politically has always been a stanch Republi- 
can. Earnest, faithful and eminently successful in the discharge of his official duties, he 
has succeeded in winning many frieuds, and he has ever taken a lively interest in every 
movement having for its object the social and moral elevation of the people. He is affable 
and agreeable in mauners, has that courtesy that springs from a kiud disposition, and he 
has eudeared himself to all with whom he has come in contact, whether professionally or as 
a member of society. He has been a widower since June 20, 1888. 

Capt. Jacob L. Bieler. This prominent business man was born in Germany in 1839 
and has been well known in Indianapolis for a good while. He is a son of Fiedel Bieler, a 
popular and successful German architect amd contractor, who was born in 1804 and died in 
his native land at the age of sixty-six years. He was a man of fine educatioual attainments 
and was exceptionally skillful and artistic as an architect and executed many important con- 
tracts. He had four sons and two daughters, of whom Jacob L. was the second born. 
Capt. Bieler was liberally educated in Germany, having graduated from some of the best in- 
stitutions there. He possesses fine artistic taste and natural talent, and while yet a mere 
boy placed himself under competent instruction to study art as developed under the most 
magical hand of the sculptor; but failing health compelled him to forego the acquisition of 
that profession. In 1856, then sixteen, he came to America and made his home with an 
uncle in Selma, Ala., who was a saddler in good business, and assisted him until 1861. 
For political reasons he did not wish to remain in the South after the beginning of the Civil 
War. He did not sympathize with the Southern movement and he saw the undesirability 
of remaining in that country without being able at the same time to espouse the cause of its 
people. Coming North, he decided to cast his fortune with those who went to do battle under 
the stars and stripes. Accordingly he lost no time in enlisting in the Sixth Indiana (Morton's) 
Battery, and at once went with his command to the seat of war. He participated in the 
fighting at Shiloh, Corinth and other points grown historic through having been the scenes 
of sanguinary engagement in those days. He was disabled near Corinth but served thereafter 
until discharged. Upon his return, he engaged in business as a saddler and harness maker 
and continued successfully for about fifteen years. In 1878 Capt. Bieler was elected to the 
city council, and it is worthy of note that he was on the committee on public improvement at 






li 



THE N 


:-;\v ^ 


'OHK 


pup* -^ 

rue *-,l^ 


5 ' ,-- 




A S T S , 


l:nox 


AND 


TILDCN PdUNOA 1 


r !0N3. 



f-CZ^ 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 67 

the time when the great work of improving the city was begun. He was for a time con- 
nected with the city treasurer's office under the administration of Col. Wiles. In 1880 he 
was elected recorder of Marion County. In all these important positions he performed 
his duties with great credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of the general 
public, that hardest of all task-masters. In 1891 he assumed the management of the An- 
heuser-Busch interests at Indianapolis, and under his skillful and energetic direction they 
have grown immensely in volume and popularity, his interests extending to distant parts of 
the State. Capt. Bieler is so known from the fact that he has long been Captain of the 
German Veteran organization. He is also lieutenant- colonel of the popular First Regi- 
ment of the E. of P. As a prominent member of the G. A. R. he is well and widely known 
as a member of George H. Thomas Post. He is also identified with the K. of P. Masonic 
Fraternity and I. O. O. F. , and different societies and clubs, besides being a member of 
the Board of Trade. He was married in 1863 to Miss Caroline M. Hines of Indianapolis, and 
has three children, one son and two daughters. Capt Bieler has 1 proved himself in every re- 
lation a good and useful citizen, always taking a decided stand on the side of practical and 
useful reform or improvement. 

Volney Thomas Malott. Prominent among the people of Indianapolis who have made 
for themselves honorable names, and who have acquired a competency of this world's goods 
largely through their own unaided efforts, is the gentleman whose name forms the heading 
for this sketch. A native of the Blue- Grass State, his birth occurred in Jefferson County 
September 9, 1838, being a son of William H. and Leah P. (McKown) Malott. In 1841 the 
family moved to Salem, Washington County, Ind., where the father, abandoning his life 
pursuit of farming, embarked in mercantile pursuits in partnership with his brother, Major 
Eli W. Malott. Here he died November 5, 1845, leaving a widow and three children sur- 
viving him. Not long after this the family was further afflicted by the death of the youngest 
child. For a second helpmate Mrs. Malott wedded John F. Ramsey, a prosperous manu- 
facturer and dealer of furniture in Indianapolis, and removing to this city .made that her 
permanent place of residence. Thomas received his first schooling in Salem under the direc- 
tion of John I. Morrison, afterward State senator from Washington County, and later State 
treasurer. He came to Indianapolis in 1847, and entered a private school kept by Rev. W. 
A. Holliday. Later he took his last scholastic instruction in a half public school kept by 
Benjamin L. Lang in the "Old Seminary," an institution noted in the early days of the 
city. At intervals during his school vacations his aptitude for business and his clerkly 
attainments give him employment as clerk and messenger in the Traders' Bank of Indianap- 
olis, owned by John Woolley and Andrew Wilson. At the age of sixteen he took a perma- 
nent place in the Bank of the Capitol, of which Mr. Woolley was cashier and manager. He 
acted as teller of this bank for two or three years and resigned in 1857 before the storm that 
overtook the State free banks of Indiana organized under the legislative act of 1853, and in 
which that institution went down. Its teller was soon made teller of the Indianapolis Bank 
of the State, intended by its founders to take the place of the old State Bank, which has 
proved of incalculable benefit, as well as profitable to the State and other stockholders. But 
the war and its financial necessities broke up what was left of the State free banks under the 
pressure of the National banks, and the Indianapolis branch of the bank of the State passed 
from existence with others of its kind. It might be too much to say that Mr. Malott's 
apprenticeship with the banking business, if such it may be termed, which ended in his 
twenty-fourth year, made him a safe and sagacious financier which he has proved himself to be, 
but it is quite certain that it served as a most solid foundation for the structure of success that 
had been erected upon it. One incident of this period illustrates the versatility of his appli- 
cation to business as well as the variety and accuracy of his information of its details. When 
the free banks began to shake under the financial strain of 1857, the daily papers of Indian- 
apolis found it necessary to follow the market changes of bank values very closely, for the 
public took and gave their bills usually at the rate indicated in the reports in the Indianap- 
olis morning papers. As there were scores of these banks of all degrees of prominence scat- 
tered over the State, and their bills were circulating everywhere at home, it was no small 
task to keep track of the constant fluctuations, but our boyish, bank teller did it so carefully 
and completely that one of the papers regularly obtained its currency reports from him. 



68 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

This was an enterprise of no little importance for a boy of nineteen, and his reports and those 
furnished the other papers by the private banking house of Fletcher & Co. really fixed the 
market rates of Indiana currency for many months. In August, 1862, Mr. Malott was 
elected secretary and treasurer of the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad Company, a position 
which he gained at the early age of twenty -four years through his reputation as a careful 
and trustworthy business man. The road had not proved very successful theretofore, but 
improved conditions soon followed, and aided in making for Mr. Malott a reputation as a 
railroad manager equaling, if not surpassing, his early repute as a banker. In 1884 he was 
made a State director in the branch bank, of which he had previously been teller, and the 
cashiership of which has been tendered to and declined by him in 1862. He was now put 
fully in the parallel paths of bank and railway management, in which he has moved forward 
for the last quarter of a century. It is notable in this connection that it has rarely happened 
in any country that a young man of twenty-six has by the free selection of competent men, 
determined solely by his reputation for ability and trustworthiness, been placed in two posi- 
tions of such responsibility at the same time. In 1865 he was the acting and directing 
agency in organizing the Merchants' National Bank of Indianapolis, and was made cashier 
of that institution while still retaining his position as secretary and treasurer of the Peru & 
Indianapolis Railway Company. In the spring of 1870 he resigned bis place in the Mer- 
chants' Bank to take charge of the construction of the Michigan City & Indianapolis Rail- 
road, which was finished under his direction the following year, and passed with the Chicago, 
Cincinnati & Louisville Railroad under the control of the Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago Rail- 
road Company, originally the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad Company, of which Mr. Malott 
was secretary and treasurer, and one of the directors. In 1875 he was elected general man- 
ager of the combined lines, and in 1879 was made vice president, acting as president, and 
taking the management until the whole concern was leased in 1881 to the Wabash, St. Louis 
& Pacific Railroad Company. The advance of Mr. Malott in his banking affairs, though he 
gave less time to them than he could devote to them as cashier of the Merchants' National 
Bank, kept pace with his steadily widening reputation and responsibility as a railway man- 
ager. In 1878 he was elected president of the Merchants' National Bank, but four years 
later sold his interest in it and resigned his presidency to take a large interest in the Indiana 
National Bank, which had been transformed by the process of naturalization from the Indi- 
anapolis branch of the Bank of the State of Indiana, in which he had served five years as 
teller, and of which he was made president, a position Which he has held to the present. 
When the affairs of the Citizens' National Bank were wound up a few years ago, Mr. Malott 
bought its fine stone front banking building and installed the Indiana National Bank therein, 
a fact which has gone far to establish his reputation as a conservative, thoroughly reliable 
and successful bank manager, was the triumph with which the Indiana National withstood 
the local stringency in 1885, when three private banks, two of tbem among the oldest in the 
city, went down together. While his railway and banking duties imposed expensive demands 
upon his time and energies, Mr. Malott has at the same time been alive to the value of enter- 
prises or the development of the resources of the State. He aided in organizing the Brazil 
Coal Company, not alone with a view to enlarging the State's fuel supply, but to benefit the 
lake railways which brought down great quantities of lumber with no adequate return freight, 
a deficiency which was supplied by the block and bituminous coal of the great southwestern 
field, of wh ; ch Brazil has always been the metropolis. With the same view of enlarging 
railway business and State resources needed in forming the earliest and most extensive ice 
dealing firms in Indiana. In 1886 he helped organize the Brazil National Bank, of which 
he is a director. In 1888 he assisted Harry Bates and others to open an oolitic stone quarry 
at Romona, the product of which was largely distributed in Chicago and the North, and as 
far east as New York. He assisted in organizing the company controlling this quarry, and 
is one of its directors, and still retains his interest in the other enterprises mentioned above. 
At this time, in connection with Mr. ' Holliday, and others, he is engaged in organizing the 
Union Trust Company of Indianapolis. He has also built several of the largest and finest 
business houses in the city. Soon after he gave up the acting presidency of the Indianapo- 
lis, Peru & Chicago Railroad, he was elected vice -president and manager of the Union Rail- 
way Company of Indianapolis, a position in which he encountered more difficulties, prob- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 69 

ably, than in any other part of his railway service. He entered the Union Company in 
July, 1883, and in the following September aided in bringing about an agreement for all 
the companies concerned on a new plan of organization. The old arrangement formed by 
three companies in 1849, when the old Madison, now part of the Indianapolis & Jefferson - 
ville lines were the only lines completed to Indianapolis and the other two were barely organ- 
ized, provided for the enlargement of the company from time to time, by the admission of 
other companies, as their roads were completed and it became necessary for them to use 
the Union tracks and depot. But the organization has remained unchanged in other respects, 
and was hardly applicable to the then present condition. Through the influence of Mr. Malott 
this scheme of organization was sanctioned by an act in the Legislature in 1885, which fur- 
ther authorized the formation of Union companies in all the cities of the State having a 
population of 50,000 or more. At this time the matter of a new Union depot, or station 
building and the necessary adjuncts was broached and discussed, but without reaching any 
conclusion till after the State Legislature had legalized the change. Meanwhile, pending 
the scheme of reorganization and the legal authorization to act under it, the Belt Railway, 
then circling the greater part of the city in connecting all the railways but one, was used for 
the transfer of freight by but one or two roads, the others running through and across 
the city streets, to the general discomfort and danger of the people. One of Mr. 
Malott' s first important acts, as manager of the Union Company, was to require all the 
roads to make their transfers of freight by the Belt Railway outside of the city when, 
it was possible to do so without serious inconvenience. This order was issued May 1, 
1884. To give it effect he superintended the extension of the Belt Railway so as to 
connect all railroads running into the city. After the legalization of the new organization 
of the Union Company, in the winter of 1885, the subject of a new station building came 
up in a more definite and urgent form. Plans were prepared and submitted to the City 
Council for approval in 1886, additional grounds were purchased, a loan was obtained on 
long bonds for $1,000,000, and work on the building was begun. The structure was com- 
pleted in September, 1888, and is regarded as the handsomest and most commodious station 
building in the United States. This grand building, costing so princely a sum, is in some 
sort a memorial of Mr. Malott' s administration of the affairs of the Union Railway Com- 
pany, the responsibilities of which he resigned in August, 1889. May 18, 1889, at the re- 
quest of all the parties concerned, he was appointed by Judge Gresham of the United States 
Circuit Court receiver of the Chicago & Atlantic Railroad Company, the affairs of which 
occupied his time almost entirely until February, 1891, when the receivership was closed, 
the indebtedness having been paid in full, the property having been greatly improved and 
Mr. Malott having discharged the trust reposed in him with the entire satisfaction of the 
court and of all interested parties. June 4, 1890, Mr. Malott was elected president of the 
Chicago & Western Indiana Railroad Company and of the company owning the Belt Rail- 
road of Chicago. He declined a re-election at the annual meeting of the stockholders of 
these corporations in June, 1891, not having sufficient time to devote to the business which 
the office imposed upon him, whereupon the office of chairman of the board of directors 
was created and the principal financial matter was placed in the hands of the chairman. 
This office Mr. Malott accepted and has since held. He is also director of the Chicago & 
Erie Railroad Company. Mr. Malott was never a politician. He has had matters of more 
interest and importance to attend to, but mainly because, though a Republican,. he was not 
a politician. He was appointed by the State officers one of the three police commissioners 
of Indianapolis, in which position he served nearly two years. 

Samuel Schuck. Of late years no form of investment has become so popular with the 
conservative public as judiciously selected real estate. Just now the market is active, and 
among those conspicuous in the operations that are now going on is Samuel Schuck. a mem- 
ber of the firm of Samuel Schuck & Co., Haughville, Ind., dealers in real estate, loans, 
rents, fire insurance, etc. Mr. Schuck has always enjoyed a high reputation and the esteem 
and confidence of all having dealings with him. All who come in contact with him either 
socially or in a business way, pronounce him a gentleman in every respect, and patrons can 
depend upon any and all representations made by him, and that their interests will always be 
protected. He was born near Dayton, Ohio, August 4, 1859, and is a son of George and 



70 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Minnie (Leightner) Schuck, natives of Germany. The father remained in his native country 
until 1854 and then crossed the ocean to America. He was married near Dayton, Ohio, to 
Miss Leightner, who was also born in the old country, but who came to the United States 
with her parents when a little girl seven years of age. Mr. Schuck was a potter by 
trade and worked at the same most of his life, his death occurring October 15, 1889, near 
Wapakoneta, Ohio. The mother is still living and resides in Haughville, Ind. Samuel 
Schuck attained his growth near Dayton, Ohio, and was educated in the public schools. He 
was engaged in tilling the soil until twenty-six years of age, after which he came to Haugh- 
ville and learned the core making trade, at which he worked a short time when he was made 
foreman, continuing in that capacity for four years. He then resigned and engaged in the 
real estate business in April, 1891, since which time he has given his entire attention to that 
and to insurance. He deals in real estate in all parts of the country and represents some of 
the leading fire insurance companies. Mr. Schuck was married May 6, 1891, to Miss Odessa 
Hurst, a native of Illinois, and the daughter of Stephen C. and Ellen (Worrell) Hurst. Mr. 
and Mrs. Schuck are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and Mr. Schuck is a Regular 
Baptist and one of the stewards of the same. He is a Republican in politics. 

Franklin Hays, M. D. It has come to be a recognized fact with the medical fraternity 
and with the general public, that owing to the advance of science and the multiplication of 
facilities for acquiring knowledge and practice, many of the younger physicians of to-day 
are better informed and more skillful practitioners than were many of the old physicians a 
couple of generations ago. In every large city in the United States, and well as in many of 
the better of the country towns, the young doctor is the more popular of the two classes 
mentioned, and has the larger practice. During recent years some of the younger physi- 
cians of Indianapolis have gained reputations for skill and efficiency in their professions, 
which has made quite a number of them known throughout the State and a few of them 
throughout the United States. A fair representative of the physicians of this type and one 
' who has done much to sustain the reputation they have attained as a class, is Dr. Franklin 
Hays who, though a young man, stands by virtue of real merit and well known achieve- 
ments, among the most prominent medical men of the city. Dr. Hays was born in Eldo- 
rado, Ohio, April 2, 1858. On his father's side his ancestry was of the sturdy pioneer class 
who located in the commonwealths of Georgia and Tennessee, where the family became con- 
spicuously identified with public interests, representing their States most ably in times of 
war and in times of peace, and in the Civil War some of them achieved distinction both 
under the stars and stripes and the stars and bars. James C. Hays, Esq. , the father of Dr. 
Hays, was a merchant of prominence who traced his lineage to this fine line of old Southern 
pioneers. The Doctor's mother. Sarah J. (Cleveuger) Hays, is descended from what may be 
comprehensively described as Scotch-Irish Presbyterian stock, leading back to Colonial days 
in this country, and numbers among her kindred many persons who have attained distinction 
in peace and in war since the days of the Revolution, notable among such in late years being 
Shubael Glevenger, the well known American sculptor, whose genius and labors have made 
him a name on both sides of the Atlantic. The parents of Dr. Hays removed from Ohio to 
Indiana and lived in Columbus, Bartholomew County, until he had advanced in life to his 
eighteenth year. In the high school at Columbus he acquired the basis of a sound educa- 
tion, and later, he entered the Kentucky University at Lexington, where, while giving due 
attention to the curriculum as a whole, he made a special study of literature and the natural 
sciences. Upon the completion of his collegiate course he took up the study of medicine 
under the direction of Dr. Grove, of Columbus, and pursued it later with Drs. Howard and 
Martin, of Greenfield, and later still with Drs. P. H. and Henry Jameson, of Indianapolis, 
until he completed the course in the Medical College of Indiana, from which he was gradu- 
ated with much distinction in 1880 with the degree of M. D. While yet an under graduate 
in this institution he was elected an assistant to the chair of chemistry and toxicology. 
After graduation he was continued as assistant in the chair of chemistry, and until 1883 was 
librarian and registrar. In the year last mentioned he was appointed lecturer on dermatol- 
ogy and venereal diseases, and at the same time was made superintendent of Bobb's Free 
Dispensary. In the interval he had taken a post graduate course in the medical department 
of the University of Pennsylvania, and had further perfected himself for the duties and 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



71 



responsibilities of his profession in the hospitals of Philadelphia and New York prior 
to his acceptance of the chair of dermatology, etc., above referred to. His valuable labors 
in connection with his alma mater made him a leading spirit in the reorganization of the 
institution which resulted in the establishment of the Medical College of Indiana as one of 
the foremost colleges of the West, devoted to the preparation of men for the practice of the 
profession of medicine and surgery, and the general advancement of medical learning. 
Three years later Dr. Hays was elected to the professorship in the faculty of this institution, 
succeeding the late Dr. Charles E. Wright in the chair of materia medica and therapeutics, to 
which was added dermatology. He was also made secretary of the college and faculty, and 
the signal ability with which he has performed the functions of both positions to the present 
time is well known both in and out of the profession. He has been honored by the Alumni 
of the college by an election to its presidency for one term and to its secretaryship for three 
successive terms. He is an active and valuable member of the Marion County Medical 
Society, the Indiana State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and is on 
the consulting staff of the Indianapolis City Hospital, the City Dispensary and St. Vin- 
cent's Hospital, of the last named of which he was for several years attending physician. 
While the duties devolving upon him in these relations are performed with the utmost fidel- 
ity, he does not permit them to encroach on the time which belongs legitimately to his large 
general practice in the city. When it is further stated that Dr. Hays has a large consulta- 
tion practice in Indiana and adjoining States, it will be believed that he must of necessity 
be a very busy man, and all physicians and many business men will concede to him the pos- 
session of a wonderfully systematic executive capacity and a most vigorous physical consti- 
tution as the first requisite to the accomplishment of the vast amount of labor devolving 
upon him in these varied relations. Notwithstanding all the demands upon his time and 
energies which have been referred to and which he meets with a conscientious devotion to 
duty, he manages to find opportunity for social duties, in the performance of which he has 
gained extensive and well founded popularity in the large circle of society and club friends. 
An active Mason of high standing and a member of many of its orders, including the 
Ancient Scottish Rite, the Doctor is identified also with the order of the Mystic Shrine and 
other fraternal organizations, as well as with the Commercial Club and the leading social 
clubs of the city. In the city of his adoption Dr. Hays is held in the highest esteem as a 
public spirited citizen, always ready to lend his aid most practically and in a most liberal 
degree to all charities and movements tending to benefit his fellow citizens or any deserving 
or unfortunate class of them. He was happily married June 25, 1884, to Miss Louella 
Graves White, daughter of the late Thomas W r hite, Esq., of Memphis, Tenn., well known as 
a banker and as an owner of extensive plantations. Busch Hays and Thomas Whitcomb 
Hays are two interesting little sons who complete the happiness of the Doctor's home. It is 
a well recognized fact among the medical fraternity of Indianapolis and the State of Indiana 
that no endeavor is regarded by Dr Hays as too laborious, no means too expensive which 
gives any promise of aiding him to keep abreast of or in advance of his profession, and with 
this object in view, he has supplemented the knowledge he has gained in his regular medical 
course in his practice and through varied and studious reading, by observation obtained in 
several visits to the hospitals of Europe and by annual tours of the East to visit the leading 
hospitals of the United States. 

Napoleon B. Taylor. The flippant tone of many writers and the tendency of the age 
to cast into ridicule, if not into downright contempt, so much of what was formerly regarded 
as sacred, has had its effect upon opinion as to the merits of those holding offices of honor 
and trust. In fact, the highest servant of the people, the president of the United States, 
even, is not protected from the sneers of the scorner and the witling. In this age of ridi- 
cule, much of which is thoughtless and unmeaning and unmeant, it is true, it is peculiarly 
gratifying that the judiciary has escaped the shafts of envy and the darts of the silly. This 
speaks volumes in praise of those into whose hands is given such great power, the issues of 
life and death and the determination of the rights of property — the judgfs of the land. And 
this is true — and every good citizen should rejoice greatly that it ispo — that while conuption 
has often found its way into high places, and many officials have been recreant to their trusts, 
the ermine has remained unspotted. Nowhere under God's footstool can there be found a 



,'i 
, -'1 

A 

* ' i 
. -J 
" * 



\ ■ • 



' ■>*! 



i 



.-,1 






72 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

class of men who, under all circumstances and conditions, have remained so true to them- 
selves and so true to the sacred and important trusts given into their hands as the judges in 
the several States in the Union. Worthy a place in the distinguished ranks where he is 
found is the subject of this sketch, the Hon. Napoleon B. Taylor, judge of the Superior 
Court, No. 1, of Indianapolis. He comes of a good old English stock, having been born in 
Campbell County, Ky., in October, 1820, being the son of Eobert A. and Mary (Vyze) Tay- 
lor, natives of Mason County, Ky. , and of Virginia, respectively. The family is of English 
origin and can show a worthy and honest succession for several generations. The paternal 
grandfather, Robert Taylor, was orderly sergeant in Capt. Bell's company, under Gen. 
Stevens at Yorktown, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. This patriotic man 
was also in the Indian wars in Kentucky and with Gen. Wayne in his Indian campaigns. 
A man of superior education and of great good sense, he was very popular and widely 
known. To his avocation as a farmer be added school teaching and was an educator of de- 
cided repute. As soon as peace was declared, in 1783, he removed to Mason County, Ky., 
subsequently going to Pendleton County, in the same State, where he died in 1851. The 
father of our subject was a mechanic and a native of Mason County, Ky. ; was reared in 
Pendleton County until he was seventeen years old, when he enlisted in the army in the War 
of 1812, serving in Capt. Childress' company of mounted riflemen, in the command of Gen. 
William Henry Harrison. After peace was declared he learned the trade of a bricklayer in 
Mason County, Ky., and followed the same all his life. When he came to Indianapolis, as 
he did January 26, 1826, he found it a small village of 300 inhabitants. The journey was 
made from Kentucky in wagons and was a slow and somewhat inconvenient mode of locomo- 
tion. He first rented a little house at what is now the corner of Washington and Alabama 
Streets, Judge Wick, then secretary of State, occupying the opposite corner. The father of 
our subject became a prominent contractor and built a large number of houses in the then 
fast growing city. A pioneer of the county and a man of ripe intelligence, with deep con- 
victions upon every subject of general interest, he could not fail of being widely known, and 
all who knew respected him. His convictions in politics and religion were especially 
earnest, and he had the courage to express his views when the occasion seemed to require it, 
he being a Democrat of the Jackson school and a devout member of the Christian Church. 
This fine type of open and honorable manhood died February 7, 1866, his wife having pre- 
ceded him, she passing away July 3, 1863. Their married life was one of peace and happi- 
ness and they were the parents of six children, four of whom are living. The subject of our 
sketch is the eldest of the family and was in his fifth year when his parents came to Indian- 
apolis. Here .he grew to manhood, receiving his education first in private schools and then 
in Marion County Seminary, taking a full literary and scientific course and becoming a very 
good Latin and French scholar. Judge Taylor was brought up to work, being taught that 
idleness was something worse than a vice and that it might be a crime. He acquired a me- 
chanical trade, pursuing the same diligently when he was not at school and when the duties 
of the farm would permit. At the age of twenty-two he began the study of the law, to 
which he had long felt a strong drawing, under the well-known firms of Fletcher & Butler, 
and Quarles & Bradley, at the same time burning the midnight oil in the privacy of his 
own chamber, while grappling with the knotty problems laid down in the text-books. He 
passed his examination before the Supreme Court and was licensed to practice in 1843. 
After securing his license he continued to read law until 1848 without attempting to prac- 
tice before that time, being, resolved to thoroughly inform himself before accepting cases 
from clients. From the date last named until he was elected judge of the Superior Court, 
he pursued the practice with conscientious and painstaking care, giving to every case the 
best energies of his nature and seeking the vindication of his clients as though the issues 
of life and death were involved in it. And to this earnest and able service is due much of 
the fame that so properly attaches to his name. He was first elected to his present high 
and honorable position in November, 1882, and has held it continuously ever since. In the 
year 1849 he formed a law partnership with John L. Ketcham, which lasted two years, and 
in 1853 Gen. John Coburn became his associate, this partnership continuing until 1856. 
From this date until 1869 he practiced alone, but in that year his son, Edwiu Taylor, was 
taken into partnership with him, and this continued until 1872, when the firm name be- 



PUBLIC UBRA^. 



^Cijr 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 73 

came Taylor, Rand & Taylor, this last remaining until the elevation of the subject of our 
sketeh to the bench. Judge Taylor was elected city attorney in 1853 and held that re- 
sponsible position until 1856, discharging its duties with distinguished ability and with a 
conscientious regard for the interests of the city and of the community. While practicing 
law, Judge Taylor enjoyed a large and very lucrative practice and stood confessedly at the 
head of the bar of Indiauapolis, where were, as now, a most able body of lawyers. He was 
a most able and forcible speaker, and whether addressing the court or a jury, delivered con- 
vincing arguments that rarely failed of winning his case. So carefully was every case pre- 
pared that he appeared to make no effort at all, but to reach results by a sort of spontaneous 
and extempore coups. This is the very climax of genius, to do great things without seem- 
ing to put forth any strength. Among the various duties he has been called upon to per- 
form was that of school trustee, along in the fifties, and this he discharged with the same 
painstaking care that has marked him in all things. He fills the office of judge with great 
dignity and with an ability that stamps him the peer of the ablest in the country. His 
sense of justice is acute, he possessing in a remarkable degree what the lawyers term the 
judicial mind. Inflexibly honest • and no respecter of persons, his decisions are character- 
ized by fairness that is never questioned, and with such strict regard for the facts, the evi- 
dence and the law and precedents, that it is rarely known for one of them to be overruled. 
For a period of several years he has served as president of the Marion County Library, and, 
in fact, he is frequently called upon to discharge some duty for the well-being of the com- 
munity, his kind and generous nature preventing him from declining, and his known ability 
and fairness causing the citizens to call upon him, their desire for his services causing them 
to overlook the fact that they may overtax his strength. But if they were to do so he would 
be the last one to make complaint. The community has no citizen more useful and neces- 
sary to it than Judge Taylor, and while he is a devoted member of the Democratic party, 
his friends are of all shades of political conviction. The Judge occupies a beautiful home 
' on North Illinois Street and his dwelling place is one of peace and happiness. He has 

| reared a family of six children, namely: Edwin, a lawyer of Evansville, Ind. ; Agnes, Mary, 

Catherine, Harold and Josephine. Happy in his home and in his most interesting family. 
< tne vears of Judge Taylor pass along undisturbed, and, besides a conscience that is void of 

| offense toward any of his fellow creatures, he is sustained by a firm and unfaltering faith in 

the religion of the Bible. He is a member of the Christian Church. Since the above was 
written Judge Taylor has passed from earth, his death being greatly lamented. 

William Hatden English. This distinguished son and representative of Indiana was 
born at Lexington, Scott County, August 27, 1822, a son of Elisha G. English, a pioneer 
of the State, and for forty years the incumbent of various positions of trust and official 
importance. Philip Eastin, his maternal grandfather, was a gallant officer in the war of 
the Revolution. On the maternal side, his mother was descended from Jost Hite, that his- 
toric character who was the head and guide of the German colony which in 1732 settled the 
Virginia Valley. Major Joseph and lieutenant Isaac Bowman, both identified with Iudiana 
in her pioneer days as officers under Colonel George Rogers Clark, at the time of his cam- 
paign through this part of the country, were also descendants of Jost Hite. The former, 
who was second in command of the expedition, died in the fort at Vincennes during the 
year following its capture from the British. For his military services, Lieutenant Bowman 
was granted a large tract of land on the Ohio, opposite Louisville, and he gave a part of it 
as the original town site of Jefferson ville, which he named in honor of President Jefferson, 
who was his warm personal friend and who drew the town plat. After acquiring such edu- 
cation as the common schools of his time and locality afforded, the subject of this sketch 
attended Hanover College several years, and, studying law, very early in life assumed 
important responsibilities. When the Democratic State convention of 1840 was held at 
Indianapolis, Mr. English was one of the two delegates from Scott County in that body, 
though he was but eighteen years old at the time. The other delegate from that county was 
his father, a member of the Legislature then in session, and the two cast their influence for 
the nomination of Tilghman A. Howard for governor. In going to the State capital Mr. 
English traveled on horseback, there being then no railroads in the State, and it took him 
three days to make the journey. The weather was extremely cold at the time (the conven- 



I 
I 



74 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

vention was held January 8) but the young Democrat thought little of that. In 1843, 
when James Whitcomb was nominated for governor, Mr. English was principal secretary of 
the convention. To follow his history in this connection down to the present time would be 
to write very largely the history of every Democratic State convention in Indiana during 
the past fifty years, for he has been prominent in very nearly all of them. Before he bad 
attained bis majority he had been deputy clerk of his county and postmaster of his town, 
and was duly licensed to practice law, and within the succeeding two years he was licensed 
to practice in the Indiana Supreme Court, and that too under the old rigid system of thorough 
examinations. He was the principal clerk of the Indiana House of Representatives in 
in 1843-44, and in 1850 was principal secretary of the State convention which framed the 
constitution of Indiana, and he was a member and speaker of the first House of Representa- 
tives elected under that constitution. During the administration of President Polk he held 
a clerkship in the Treasury Department at Washington, and about 1850 he was the incum- 
bent of a clerkship in the United States Senate. He was four times elected to Congress 
and served during the eight years of intense excitement immediately preceding the Civil 
War, a period of most important national legislation, with which he was closely and influen- 
tially identified. He was the author of a compromise measure relating to the admission of 
Kansas as a State which became a law and excited much acrimonions discussion, known as 
"the English bill." He was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington from 
1853 to 1861. During all this period of political prominence and activity in connection 
with the momentous events preceding the War of the States, Mr. English bore himself as a 
statesman and patriot and has ever borne the reputation of an uncompromising foe to dis- 
union. In 1861 he declined a nomination to Congress in order to engage in banking. In 
1880 he was unanimously nominated for Vice-President of the United States on the ticket 
with Gen. Hancock. This ticket received a greater number of votes in Indiana than the 
Democratic State ticket had received a few weeks previously, despite the fact that the 
result of that and other State elections had pretty clearly foreshadowed a Republican victory 
in the Presidential contest. More than thirty years ago Mr. English, in connection with J. 
F. D. Lanier, then a great banker of New York, but before that time a citizen of Indiana, 
and George W. Riggs, of the celebrated banking house of Corcoran & Riggs, of Washing- 
ton, D. C. , and others, established the first **First National Bank of Indianapolis," and he 
was for fourteen years its president. During that long period it was one of the most ably 
conducted and prosperous banks in the country, and through his administration as its chief 
executive office Mr. English won a reputation as a financier no less brilliant than that which he 
had acquired as a statesman. Mr. English's connection with the convention which in 1850 
framed the constitution of the State and his membership of the first Legislature elected there- 
after, have been mentioned. In 1885 there was a reunion at Indianapolis of the survivors of 
that convention and assembly and of all previous Legislatures. It was an event of the utmost 
public interest and was participated in by such men as Thomas A. Hendricks, Richard W. 
Thompson, AVilliam S. Holman, William E. Niblack, Alvin P. Hovey and other political 
celebrities of the earlier days, and during the session it was determined that some action 
should be taken to insure the perpetuation of the early history of the State and its public 
men, and in view of his well known literary ability and his intimate knowledge of and 
enthusiasm for the subject, Mr. English was selected to perform this patriotic but onerous 
task, and he has since devoted much of his time to gathering the materials for and writing 
this work, the progress of which is of so much interest to all intelligent citizens of the 
State and the appearance of which is most anxiously awaited. His interest in everything 
pertaining to the history of the State of his nativity and life-long residence is very great, 
and for several years he has been president of the Indiana Historical Society. Mr. Eng- 
lish for ten years held the controlling interest in all the street railway lines in Indianapolis 
and for a long period was largely identified with the business of that prosperous citv. He 
was one of the originators of the Indianapolis Clearing House, and its president as long as 
he remained in the banking business. He was also the author of the first resolutions 
adopted in favor of building the great Indiana State soldiers monument, now far advanced 
towards completion, and of which he is one of the commissioners. Mr. English was married 
in 1847 to Miss Emma M. Jackson, of Virginia, who died in 1877, leaving two children, 



THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR, L£NOX AND 
TILDES F^bS.JATiONS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 75 

Will E. English, a popular and influential citizen of Indianapolis, and Rose English, now 
the wife of Doctor Willoughby Walling, of Chicago. 

Fred J. Mack. One of those business men whose probity is well known and whose 
career has been distinguished for enterprise is Fred J. Mack, house and fresco painting con- 
tractor, who has followed this line of work from the time he was seventeen years of age. 
His birth occurred in Cleveland, Ohio, on January 5, 1854. Fred J. Mack, Sr., his father, 
was born in the German Empire and came to this country when a young man of twenty-six 
years, and up to 1867 was a resident of the city of Cleveland, then moved to New Haven, 
Ind., and for many years was quite extensively engaged in the boot and shoe business, but 
for some time past he has been retired from active life. Before coming to this country be 
served for some time in the German army, according to the laws of that country, and several 
years after his arrival in Cleveland was married in that city. The subject of this sketch re- 
ceived his early training in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, which were exceptionally 
good, but it only continued until his thirteenth year at which time he began working in a 
factory in Cleveland and later in New Haven. At the age of eighteen years he came to In- 
dianapolis, and here served an apprenticeship with Henry Range, the fresco painter, and to 
this occupation his attention has been given ever since, but much of his attention 
is given to house and sign painting, in which he is an expert. In 1877 Mr. Mack 
began business for himself and has continued ever since in his present business. He has a 
great deal of extensive and difficult work, but has ever vindicated his reputation as a skillful 
sign painter, and now has all the contracts that he can possibly fill. His capital on starting 
out for himself was almost nothing, but through honest, business- like methods he has worked 
up an extensive trade, and although it was at first very hard to gain a foothold on the ladder 
of success, he finally accomplished this and has accumulated a competency. Mr. Mack has 
been a member of the city council twice, from 1882 to 1886, and served on the first commit- 
tee on public light and the committee on public property, being chairman of the latter. In 
1891 he was chosen a member of the State Legislature from Marion County, and while a 
member of that body was on the public building committee, in fact was a wide-awake in- 
telligent and active legislator whose reputation was incorruptable and unassailable. He 
has always taken a deep and active interest in the political affairs of the day and the success 
of the Democrat party, of which he is a member, has always been near to his heart. He is a 
member of the Hendricks Club and has held the position of marshal!, and is chairman of 
the American Democratic Club. Socially he is a member of the A. F. & A. M., the K. of P., 
the Elks, the Druids and the Commercial Club. He also belongs to the Builders' Exchange, 
the Master Painters' Association, and was chosen president at the time of the organization of 
the Jatter society. In addition to these orders he belongs to the Castle Hall Association, is 
a member of the German Orphan Society, the Maennerchor Singing Society, the Independent 
Turners' Society, and the Manual Training Society, and also assisted in the Organization of 
other societies of note. In 1876 he was united in marriage to Miss Josephine Beck, a native 
of Germany who was brought to this country by her parents, and their union has been 
blessed in the birth of four sons and two daughters. Mr. Mack is universally respected in 
business and social, as well as in political circles, and has become noted as a generous pro- 
moter of humane objects and a careful adherence to those details that aid in building up a 
man's name in connection with good citizenship. His standing in business circles is of the 
highest and he is held in great esteem as a man of equitable and conservative principles. 

John Hartje. Were it possible to get at the antecedents of the men who have suc- 
ceeded and who have failed in this country, it would be clearly demonstrated that the 
unsuccessful are they, mainly, who embarked in a business of which they knew nothing 
believing themselves that they could prosper because somebody else had. John Hartje, 
florist, with place of business on Illinois Street, between Twenty- third and Twenty- fourth 
Streets, Indianapolis, was brought up to the business which he now follows, and therefore 
could hardly fail to succeed. He has had thirteen years of practical experience, for at that 
period he started in the business as an employe of Henry Hilker, on St. Joseph Street. 
Born in Covington, Ky., January 3, 1865, the son of Frederick Hartje, who was born in 
Germany, in 1823, he came to the United States after reaching manhood. He resided in 
Covington, Ky., for a number of years, where he worked at his trade of cabinet making, in 



76 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

which business he was remarkably successful. He was a Union sympathizer during the great 
Civil War, but in after life never took any active part in politics. He was for many years 
an active worker and member of the German Methodist Episcopal Church and frequently 
served as superintendent of the Sunday-school. His widow still lives in Covington, Ky. 
John Hartje is the youngest of four children and obtained his early education in the 
public schools of Covington. When about thirteen years of age he entered the establish- 
ment of Henry Hil.ker, as above stated. Although he has only been established in busi- 
ness on his own account for the past two years, he has made many valuable improve- 
ments in his conservatories, and being enterprising and ambitious to try all new methods 
in his line of work, although he at all times uses discretion in this, he will without doubt 
#o on making many more notable improvements. He has 5,000 square feet under glass 
and makes a specialty of raising carnations and has some magnificent new varieties, which 
he produced by careful crossing. He is a member of the Indianapolis Florist's Club, and 
of this organization was secretary for three years. He is also a member of the Society 
of Indiana Florists, was assistant secretary five years; is a member of the American Car- 
nation Society of the Society of American Florists and of the American Chrysanthemum 
Society. In addition to growing carnations, he devotes some of his time to the raising 
of violets and line chrysanthemums, all of which are sold at wholesale to the florists who 
have stores in the city. He has always been an active worker in the interests of floriculture, 
and has rendered valuable services during the chrysanthemum shows held in Indianapolis. 
William H. Wishard, M. D. Only four of the charter members of the Indiana 
State Medical Society are Jiving, and one of them is Dr. William H. Wishard, who delivered 
the address at the fortieth anniversary of that body. Dr. Wishard was born in Nicholas 
County, Ky., January 17, 1816, and is of Scotch-Irish descent. His grandfather, William 
Wishard, was a native of county Tyrone, Ireland, who there married Susan Lyttle, and 
who, in 1775, emigrated to America, being six mouths making the voyage on an old-time 
sailing vessel. This emigrant settled in, Delaware and served the cause of the colonies in 
the war of the Revolution, participating m numerous important engagements. After Amer- 
ican independence was assured he removed with his family to Red Stone Fort, in western 
Pennsylvania, and there John Wishard, father of Dr. William H. W r ishard, a grandfather 
of Dr. William N. Wishard, was born in 1792, the seventh son and eleventh child of his 
parents in order of nativity. Late in the year 1793 Mr. Wishard, the emigrant pioneer and 
patriot, improvised a rude flatboat, which he launched upon the Monongahela River, and 
with his family and portable effects floated down to Keutucky and located on Licking River 
in Nicholas County, in the midst of a dense wilderness, thus becoming one of the very 
earliest pioneers of that section of the country. Here the paternal grandparents of our sub- 
ject passed the remainder of their lives, his maternal grandparents, John and Martha 
Oliver, who were natives of Virginia, being also pioneers of Kentucky. They located at 
Lexington about 1780, and John Oliver assisted in the erection of the old fort at that place. 
They afterward lived and their remains lie buried in Nicholas County, Ky., where John Wish- 
ard was reared and devoted his life to agricultural pursuits until his removal to Indiana. 
He married Agnes H. Oliver and reared a family of eleven children, six of whom are living. 
Upon emigrating to Indiana he located on the Bluff road in Johnson County, nine miles and 
a half south of Indianapolis, where he encamped on" the evening of October 26, 1825, hav- 
ing purchased land there the year before. On the night after their arrival, and on many 
nights thereafter during succeeding years the family heard the' wolves howling in the 
wilderness all about them. During the Blackhawk and Indian Wars John W T ishard com- 
manded a company of mounted riflemen and was later colonel of a regiment organized in 
Johnson County. He died at Greenwood, Ind., September 8, 1878, his wife having died in 
August, 1849. Dr. William H. Wishard was in his tenth year when the family came to 
Indiana. Being the eldest of the family he wae obliged to busy himself constantly in assist- 
ing his parents in various ways, and many were the exciting scenes in which he participated 
or of which he was a witness. Late one night in the fall of 1826, when returning from mill 
alone in the darkness of dense forest, aud considerably more than a mile from the cabin of 
any settler, be unexpectedly came upon a pack of wolves disputing the possession of a 
wounded deer they had captured. It was an unpleasant situation, to say the least, for a 



THE NtlW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



ASTOR, LENOX AND 
TILOEN FOUNDATIONS. 



(%*#J» 



UAA-O 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 77 

boy of twelve years to find his only pathway home blocked by fifteen or twenty hungry 
wolves, but summoning all his courage and retaining his presence of mind in a wonderful 
degree for one so young, he made a -detour through the brush wood at one side of the road 
and as silently and as expeditiously as possible passed out of the vicinity of this maddened 
pack of the most dreaded denizens of the forest and in due time reached his father's house 
in safety. In those pioneer days opportunities for obtaining an education on the frontier 
were very meager and were confined entirely to those afforded by the subscription schools 
during the winter months, the balance of the year being devoted to clearing the land and 
putting in, harvesting and storing the crops. Under these conditions Dr. Wishard grew to 
manhood, but he took the best possible advantage of every opportunity afforded him, and at 
the age of twenty-two began the study of medicine under the direction of Dr. Benjamin F. 
Noble, of Greenwood. Johnson County. He took his first course of lectures at the Ohio 
Medical College at Cincinnati, and began practice as a partner of his preceptor at Green- 
wood in the spring of 1840. This partnership was terminated three years later. Mean- 
time, in the winter of 1848-40, Dr. Wishard was graduated from the Indiana Medical Col- 
lege at La Porte. During the Civil War he served two years as a volunteer surgeon, a part 
of the time in field service and a part of the time in charge of hospital boats on the Missis- 
sippi River. In 1864 he located at South port, Marion County, where he soon acquired a 
large and successful practice. In October, 1876, he was elected coroner of Marion County, 
and removed to Indianapolis, and in 1878 he was re-elected, serving two terms, aggregating 
four years. Since locating in this city he has had an extensive and most lucrative practice, 
and, although now well advanced in years, he continued to do much active and exacting 
work. The younger physicians of the city regard him as one of the fathers of the profes- 
sion in the State, for he had had an unbroken practice extending through a long period of 
fifty -three years. He was one of the charter members of the Indiana State Medical Society, 
and, as has been stated, he is one of only four of its charter members who are now living. 
He was president of the society in 1887, and as such delivered a most interesting historical 
address at the fortieth anniversary of its organization. He is a member also of the Marion 
County Medical Society and of the National Medical Association. Dr. Wishard was married 
December 17, 1840, to Harriet N. Moreland, daughter of Rev. John R. Moreland, the sec- 
ond pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Indianapolis, and celebrated his golden wed- 
ding February 17, 1890. Nine children were born to Dr. and Mrs. Wishard, four of whom 
died in infancy or childhood. Those living at the present time are Dr. William N. Wishard 
and his brothers, Albert W. and George W. Wishard, and their sisters, Harriet J. and 
Elizabeth. In his early life Dr. Wishard was in politics an old line Whig. In 1856 he 
voted for Gen. Fremont, the first nominee of the Republican party for the presidency of the 
United States, and he has voted for every nominee of that party for the same distinguished 
office from that day to this. He is a member of the G. A. R., and in everything pertaining 
to it takes the deepest interest. He and his family are members of the Presbyterian Church, 
and the Doctor has represented the Indianapolis Presbytery in general assembly at Phila- 
delphia, New York, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Portland, Ore. 

T. B. Linn. The subject of this sketch is a gentlemen of ripe intelligence and a man 
of large benevolence and broad sympathies. He is a citizen of Indianapolis and the su- 
preme recorder of the order of Chosen Friends, which owes its name to his suggestion, while 
through his agency this organization has taken a strong and permanent hold upon public 
confidence. Mr. Linn was born in Millersburg, Ohio, January 23, 1842, being the son of 
Cicero and Margaret B. (Tidball) Linn; the father having been born in Jefferson County, 
May 12, 1812, and the mother near Wheeling, W. Va., December 31, 1817. The parents 
emigrated to Ohio at an early day, the father settling at Millersburg when about eighteen 
years old, following the occupation of a merchant tailor until 1850. Then he began farming, 
an avocation he has since followed, he now residing upon a farm eight miles west of Millers- 
burg. The paternal great grandfather of our subject was a patriot soldier of the Revolu- 
tionary War and also fought in the War of 1812. He came to this country from Germany, 
his native home, and blazed out a home for himself in Westmoreland County, Penn., and 
founded the town of Burgettstown, which was named after himself. He was killed by ac- 
cident in this county (Westmoreland), when over eighty years of age. The ancestors of the 



78 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

mother of our subject descended from Dr. Brown bill, court physician of "William, Prince of 
Orange (William III, of England), who was taken prisoner in one of the Scottish wars and 
kept for a number of years, when he effected his escape and came to America with his wife 
and only daughter. The latter met and fell in love with Mr. Tidball when on the journey 
and afterward married him; from this marriage sprang the Tidball family in the United 
States. Grandfather Tidball was a prominent physician of Millersburg, where he died, 
after a life of great usefulness; and his family consisted of two sons, who became Presby- 
terian ministers, and five daughters, the mother of our subject being second. The parents 
of our subject had thirteen children, namely: John B., a farmer of Sterling, Colo. ; Zech- 
ariah S., deceased; Thomas B., our subject; Cicero B., a jeweler of Houston, Tex. ; Elizabeth 
A., deceased; Ezekiel C, a physician of Monmonth, TIL, Maria J. McClellan, of Canton, 
Ohio; William J., a physician of Iola, Kan. ; Casper M., deceased; Julia M. Appelman, de- 
deased; Sarah A. Hull, deceased; Albert, deceased, and Alberta, deceased. The subject of 
our, sketch, the third member of this large family, was reared in Holmes County, Ohio, on a 
farm, where he worked, assisting his father in the fields and his mother in the house, enjoy- 
ing only such educational advantages as were afforded in a country school. At the age of 
sixteen, with gripsack in hand, he left home to attend the academy in the town of his birth, 
where he spent ten months. In the spring of 1859, when but seventeen years old, he took 
charge of a country school and continued teaching until the outbreak of the war; then, August 
24, 1861, he enlisted in Company B, Sixteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, carrying a musket, 
and serving with his regiment through Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia, Mississippi, 
Louisiana and Texas, taking part in the many engagements in which his regiment partici- 
pated, among which were the siege of Vicksburg and many minor battles. He was dis- 
charged October 31, 1864, at Camp Chase. Upon his return home our subject was married 
to Mi9S Lizzie Shafer, of Brookville, Ind., and entered upon the profession of teaching, 
which he followed until the spring of 1870, having had charge of the schools at College 
Corner, Ohio; Fair Haven, Ohio, and others, the two named for a term of years. Entering 
the service of the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Indianapolis Railroad Company in 1870, he was 
stationed at College Corner, Ohio; then at Liberty, Ind., and then, in August, 1872, removed 
to Indianapolis to take charge of the supplies and books in the machinery department of 
that road, remaining with it until the order of Chosen Friends demanded his entire at- 
tention. Mr. Linn made his first appearance among society men in September, 1867, by 
uniting with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in Border Lodge, No. 224, and soon 
became widely known as an earnest worker in the cause. In the following February he took 
the sublime degrees of the Encampment branch of Odd Fellows, in Bethel Encampment No. 
73, serving as scribe and chief patriarch. He represented his encampment in 1870 in the 
grand encampment of the State of Indiana. Mr. Linn is also a member of Canton No. 2, of 
the Patriarchs Militant, of Indiana, being a charter member, and was twice elected to pro- 
gressive chairs of his subordinate lodge, and was each time compelled to resign on account 
of distance and inability to attend. He was a third time unanimously elected vice, and 
afterward noble grand of his lodge, making a record such as is very seldom equaled, 
namely: Traveled 158 miles each week to attend his lodge and missing but two meetings 
while filling the chairs. Mr. Linn served in the grand lodge as representative in 1876, and 
proved himself a most useful member, being recognized as an Odd Fellow of wide range of 
knowledge and an enthusiastic and useful member. Our subject united in January, 1877, 
with Washington Lodge, No. 114, Knights of Honor, and a few months later became a 
charter member of Hope Lodge, No 6, Knights and Ladies of Honor, in both of which he 
was elected to the highest honors, being sent twice as representative to the grand lodge of 
the Knights of Honor and was sent as representative to and became a charter member of the 
grand lodge of Knights and Ladies of Honor. Our subject became, in December, 1880, a 
member of Indianapolis Council, No. 238, of the Royal Arcanum, and in the following Decem- 
ber was unanimously chosen regent. In March, 1883, he represented his council in the grand 
council of the Royal Arcanum. Mr. Linn was made a master mason in Capital City Lodge, 
No. 312, in January, 1886, and in December of the same year received his thirty-second de- 
gree of freemasonry. He has served as senior warden of the subordinate lodge, 
and is now holding the office of captain of the guard in Indianapolis consistory and master 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 79 

of entrances in Saraiah Council. He is a member of George U. Thomas Post, G. A. B. , 
No. 17, and became a charter member of Encampment No. 80, Union Veteran Legion, 
in November, 1890, in which he is now filling the office of lieutenant -colonel. Mr. 
Linn has been connected with most of the secret societies of the country, in all of 
which he has taken an active part and thoroughly familiarized himself with the work 
and history of them, his interest being very great and his intelligence enabling him to 
grasp the beauties of the symbols and mysteries pertaining to them. He is a lifelong 
Republican but has never sought or held political office, with the exception of council- 
man from the First ward of the city, a position he did not seek but was pushed forward 
by his friends and elected by a majority of sixty- nine, in a Democratic ward, and being the 
only Republican elected from a Democratic ward. Since the year 1879 Mr. Linn has 
devoted his entire time to the Order of Chosen Friends, being one of the organizers of 
that thriving and popular body. The first conversation between Albert Alcon and Mr. Linn 
in relation to the order took place in February, 1878, more than a year prior to the foun- 
dation of the order. Day after day Mr. Linn was found soliciting his friends to assist him 
in the formation of the order, or rather, an order like this of the Chosen Friends. Within 
the first six months he had secured, as was supposed, a sufficient membership to form the 
Supreme Council, and when stated meetings would arrive he was generally the first one at 
the appointed place. The Order of Chosen Friends is indebted to him for the name it bears 
and when enough names had been secured to form the head of the order, Mr. Linn and 
Mr. Alcon were appointed a committee to draft the constitution and laws, and those they 
framed are the fundamental principles of the order to-day. These two decided by a grab 
into a handful of beans that Mr. Linn should do the work of drawing up the said constitu- 
tion and laws. Mr. Linn also furnished a portion of the ritual, the beautiful charges of 
the marshal and of the vice counsellor being the products of his pen. Much more could be 
said of Mr. Linn's connection with this order and his arduous and protracted labors in con- 
nection therewith; this should be said and emphasized, that Mr. Linn practically gave birth 
to this order and contributed the lion's share of the work at the time of its organization. 
He was at work in season and out of season, encouraging the disheartened, strengthening 
the weak, lifting the fallen and advising, counselling and originating, with an invincible 
courage and a ripe intelligence that convinced and persuaded. Mr. Linn served as secretary 
at the preliminary meetings, and at the organization of the Supreme Council was elected its 
first supreme recorder, was re-elected in October, 1879, in October, 1881, in September, 
1883, September, 1885, September, 1887, September, 1889, and in September, 1891, thus, 
continuously filling that most arduous position, from the inception to the present time. He 
organized the first two councils, to- wit: Alpha Council, No. 1, at Indianapolis and Ohio, 
No. 1, at Wooster, Ohio; both of them, through his untiring personal efforts. As an extem- 
poraneous speaker he ranks among the very first in the entire field of secret societies in the 
United States. Endowed by nature with a vigorous constitution, he is capable of the great- 
est conceivable amount of sustained labor and he has worked far into the night for a pro- 
tracted period for the order, for which he has so strong an attachment, this being necessary 
in order that the organization might be established upon a firm basis. The growing popu- 
larity and the rapid building up of the Chosen Friends attest the powerful efforts put forth 
by Mr. Linn, who certainly has been instant in season and out of season ever since the 
order was started. He has worked up the membership to 40,000, an astonishing number 
when it is considered that it is less than fourteen years since it was first put forward for the 
favor of the people. What an admirable showing is this: the total amount paid in death 
cases has been $7,186,653.24; in disabilities, $404,330; making a total of $7,590,983.24. 
Surely this is a record of which any man may be proud. How many widows have been 
saved from want through its agency, how many children provided with bread and how many 
have been cared for in time of disability. By their fruits shall ye know them and thus 
judged Mr. Linn merits the plaudits of " well done, thou good and faithful servant." Our 
subject is a member of Clifford Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church, as also is his wife, 
and he takes an active interest in this as in other organizations with which he is connected. 
Mr. and Mrs. Linn are the parents of six children, all living, namely: Mrs. Love Mitten, 
Lillie A., Cicero H., Maude E., Frederick E. and Margaret F. Mr. Linn is deservedly 



80 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 



most popular among his wide extended acquaintance, being a man of most pleasant manners 
and kind disposition, agreeable in conversation and abounding in a sympathy that keeps 
him in touch with his fellow creatures. 

Db. Robert Hessleb. Long before the good Samaritan dressed the wounds of the 
poor fellow he found on the Jericho road the healer of diseases was distinguished 
for his humanity and his kindness. Whatever the skill of the physician and surgeon, 
he can never be truly great, unless he is truly touched with the spirit of man's infirmities, 
and moved of a heartfelt purpose to relieve suffering for the sake of the race. In the list of 
the successful young physicians of Indianapolis stands the name of Dr. Robert Hessler, who 
owes his nativity to the Buckeye State, born in Cincinnati, June 7, 1861. His father, Robert 
Hessler, Sr., was a native of Saxony and came to America when a young man. After resid- 
ing in different parts of the United States he located at Cincinnati, Ohio, and was there 
married to Miss Mary Godar, a native of Bay aria, who came to America with her parents 
when small. Robert Hessler, Sr. was a skilled artisan and at the close of the war located at 
Batesville, Ind., where he resided several years. His death occurred in 1877. His wife 
survives him and resides at Connersville, Ind. Of the seven children born to his parents 
our subject is the eldest in order of birth, and bis early scholastic training was received in 
the public schools at Batesville and Connersville. Later he learned the cabinet maker's 
trade and for several years assisted his father in that work. After the death of the latter all 
the responsibility of caring for the family fell upon the shoulders of young Hessler, and 
while at work at the bench he prepared himself for college, reciting to a high school teacher 
once a week. On the organization of the Indiana weather service, in 1882, he was appointed 
observer for Fayette County. During the past few years the observations have been kept 
up by other members of the family. In 1885 he entered the Indiana State University, and 
two years later was appointed assistant in chemistry in that institution, holding that position 
two years. During the winter of 1 889-90 he attended the Medical College of Ohio at 
Cincinnati. He received the degree of A. B. from the State University and recently the 
degree of Master of Arts. In the fall of 1890 he came to Indianapolis where he entered the 
Medical College of Indiana to complete his medical education, attending school during the 
day and instructing fellow-students in pathology evenings. In the spring of 1891 he grad- 
uated and entered competitive examination, receiving an appointment as house physician to 
the city hospital. That position he held until May, 1892, since which time he has been 
engaged in private practice. On leaving the hospital he was appointed demonstrator of 
minute pathological anatomy in the Medical College of Indiana, a position he still holds. 
In the spring of 1893 he was appointed pathologist to the city hospital and to the city 
dispensary. These positions offer unusual opportunities for the scientific study of diseases. 
As one result Dr. Hessler has accumulated a very extensive series of slides illustrating nearly 
the entire range of the human body in health and in disease. Dr. Hessler is an accom- 
plished naturalist and botanist, with an extensive acquaintance throughout the State in this 
line. He has beeu a frequent contributor to scientific and medical journals, and is a 
member of the Indiana Academy of Science and the Indiana State and . Marion County 
Medical Societies. 

William J. Shinn. One of the substantial and progressive business men of Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., is William J. Shinn, who is the present very efficient secretary of the Capital City 
Fence Company. He was born in Grundy County, Mo., February 5, 1840, a son of John 
and Elizabeth (Leachman) Shinn, both of whom were born on Blue Grass soil, but when 
unmarried and quite young they located with their parents in Putnam County, Ind., where 
they became acquainted and were eventually married in 1836. In 1839 they moved to the 
wilds of northern Missouri and located among the Indians in Grundy County where they 
tilled the soil until the father's death, in 1852, when a comparatively young man. In 1850 
he crossed the plains to California in search of gold but after remaining in the West for 
about' a year he returned to his home in Missouri via the Isthmus of Panama and the Gulf. 
After the death of the husband and father, the mother came to Indiana and thereafter was a 
resident of Putnam County until her death in 1873, having been for many years a worthy 
and consistent member of the Baptist Church. She bore her husband seven children, of 
whom the subject of this sketch was the second, only four of whom are now living, the oth- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA, 81 

ers dying when quite young. The school days of Hon. William J. Shinn were spent in 
Grundy County, Mo., and Putnam County, Ind., during which time he attended the old-time 
log school-house and acquired a practical English education, sufficient to tit him for the prac- 
tical duties of life. Upon leaving school he, in 1857, entered a mercantile establishment in 
Filmore, Ind. , and followed this occupation off and on for about sixteen years, a part of the 
time in the town of Lizton, Hendricks Co. ; the greater portion of the time was in business 
by himself. From that time until about fifteen years ago he tilled the soil successfully in 
Putnam County, but at the end of that time he came to Indianapolis and located on the, west 
side, bis family continuing to reside in Putnam County until six years ago. Immediately 
after arriving in Indianapolis he turned his attention to dealing in stock, as a commission 
merchant, and up to within three years followed that occupation with satisfactory results. 
For one year following this he was an assistant in the county auditor's office, then became 
an employe of the Cleveland Fence Company and for about twelve months was one of their 
most expert salesmen. Upon severing his connection with this company he aided in the 
organization of the Capital City Fence Company, of which he has since been secretary. In 
1878 he located at the stock yards and soon after was elected a member of the board of 
trustees of that place, on the Democrat ticket, overcoming a large Republican majority. In 
1888 he was chosen president of the board and served very successfully and ably as such for 
two consecutive years. May 7, 1890, he was elected a member of the school board, of which 
he was for one year secretary and two years president. Mr. Shinn was married in 1861 to 
Miss Charity Woods of Filmore, Ind., who died the following year, and in 1865 Miss Sarah 
F. Wilson became his second wife, and to them three sons and one daughter have been given. 
Socially Mr. Shinn is a member of the K. of P., West Indianapolis Lodge, No. 244, and in 
his political views is a stanch Democrat. 

Ferd. A. Mueller. From the very earliest ages the art of preparing the compounds 
that arrest and remove pain and heal the sick has been regarded as among the highest of 
human functions, and thus it is that so much interest and importance attach to the calling of 
the druggist in our own day. Among the leading and most reliable members of the phar- 
maceutical profession, in Indianapolis, may be mentioned Ferd. A. Mueller, who has had an 
experience of twenty years in the drug trade. The business was established early in the 
sixties and passed into the hands of L. H. Mueller in 1865. In 1887 it passed into the 
hands of J. G. Mueller, and in 1891 into the hands of its present proprietor, who is one of 
the practical and accomplished chemists and pharmacists in the city, being peculiarly quali- 
fied for the successful professional career he is pursuing. He is a Hoosier by birth, his 
parents, Charles G. and Margaret (Heumann) Mueller, being natives of Saxony, Germany, 
and immigrating to America in 1852. The father was engaged in business in Indianapolis 
for many years. Ferd. A. Mueller grew to manhood in Indianapolis, was educated in the 
public schools and at Cincinnati College of Pharmacy, where he remained for four years. 
Besides he had private instruction in chemistry with Wayne & Dickory, noted chemists. After 
graduating from the above mentioned college, March 18, 1886, with high honors, Mr. 
Mueller spent some time in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the drug business. From there he came to 
Indianapolis and engaged in business with his brother, but in January, 1891, he took posses- 
sion of the store purchased from his brother, and has been actively engaged in business 
since. He is a member of tlie Indiana Pharmaceutical Association, Marion County Druggist 
Association and also a number of other home institutions and societies. Mr. Mueller has the 
confidence of the public and his extensive business is not confined to this city alone but 
extends throughout the whole country in specialties, mixtures, medicines, etc., which he 
manufactures and puts up. A special feature is made of the prescription department, 
physician' 8 formula and family recipes being dispensed at any hour of the day or night with 
that accuracy and precision which have ever characterized Mr. Mueller's operations in this 
important department of his profession. ' 

Edwabd Daniels. Although still in the dawn of a successful career, Mr. Daniels is one 
of the prominent attorneys of Indianapolis, a city well represented by some of the country's 
most talented legal lights. His present position has been acquired by arduous study and a 
strict adherence to an honorable course, and as a citizen he is well and favorably known to his 
fellow townsmen. His father, Joseph J. Daniels, now residing in Rockville, Ind. , is a native 

6 



82 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

of the Buckeye State, and a descendant of English ancestors who settled in the Empire State 
after reaching this country. Edward Daniels was also a native of Ohio, born in Greene 
County, in November, 1854, and came with his parents to southern Indiana when a child. 
In addition to a common- school education he attended Wabash College, Indiana, and gradu- 
ated from that institution in 1875. Later he went to New York city, attended Columbia 
College Law School one year, and in 1878 was admitted to the bar. From there he came to 
Indianapolis and entered the law office of Baker, Hord & Hendricks, where he remained until 
1882 before becoming a member of the firm. He and his present partner, Albert Baker, son 
of ex-Governor C. Baker (deceased), are the only surviving members of the firm now, Mr. 
Baker, Jr. having become a member of the firm at the same time with our subject. Mr. 
Daniels has always adhered to the principles of the Republican party but has never been 
active in politics. In the year 1892 he was a candidate for the State Senate but was defeated 
by a small majority. In religion he is a member of the First Presbyterian Church and is 
active in his support of all worthy enterprises. He married Miss Johnston, daughter of 
Wylie VV. Johnston, now of Wichita, Kan., in 1887. 

Ernest A. Wehrman, M. D. Whatever may be said of the laws of heredity it is an un- 
deniable fact that sods do frequently follow in the footsteps of their fathers and display re- 
markable talent in the same line that gave eminence to their sires. A case in point is that 
of the subject of this sketch, Dr. Ernest A. Wehrman, who was born in Monroe County, 
Ohio, April 11, 1848, being the son of Frederick Wehrman, a native of Germany, who was 
reared and educated in that country, graduating as a physician and becoming eminent in his 
profession. He studied at the famous university of Gottingen and was head physician and 
surgeon of the hospital at Gottingen for seven years. On coming to America in 1836 he 
located at Wheeling, then in Virginia, where he carried on a general practice for a period of 
eleven years. At the expiration of this time he settled with his family in Monroe County, 
Ohio, where he died of consumption in 1851. This worthy and distinguished man was mar- 
ried at Wheeling to Mary Zink, a native of Switzerland, who came to this country at the age 
of seven with her parents. She survived her husband for many years, her death finally 
occurring in Ohio in 1886. Our subject was reared in his native county and received 
instruction in the public schools until he was sixteen, when he began to teach in winter 
months and attend select schools of Ohio and Virginia in the summer, continuing until he 
had received an excellent education. In the fall of 1870 he entered the St. Louis Homeo- 
pathic College, but in the following summer attended the St. Louis Medical College and in 
the fall of 1871 entered the Hahnemann Medical College at Philadelphia, from which he 
graduated in the spring of 1872. Returning to his Ohio home he entered upon the general 
practice, devoting his summers for the next three years to that work and giving the winters 
to clinics in the medical colleges of St. Louis and Philadelphia. He has also attended the 
post graduate school of New York for two sessions, and, in fact, has availed himself of every 
possible means for adding to his knowledge, being an earnest and honest student and inves- 
tigator. He has always been in full touch with the times, being an eager reader of the maga- 
zines and periodicals of the profession. In 1878, eager for more light and knowledge, the 
Doctor went abroad and for the next three years spent nearly his entire time in the general 
hospital of Vienna, where he was brought face to face with the various forms of disease and 
enjoyed the advantage of association with some of the brightest minds of the profession. Re- 
turning to America in 1881 he practiced in Ohio until 1882, when he came to Indianapolis, 
where he has since acquired a very large and lucrative practice which has been remarkable 
for its success. Dr. Wehrman ranks among the leading physicians of the city and is recog- 
nized as a learned and most skilled practitioner. Since locating in this city he has twice 
visited the hospitals of Vienna, Berlin and London and has attended two post-graduate 
courses in New York. The Doctor confines his work exclusively to general practice in the 
office, and he has gained a wide reputation for his successful treatment of diseases. He is a 
firm believer in the principle that the physician in order to be successful must avail himself 
of every possible agency for gaining added knowledge and that new forms of disease present 
themselves and that new modes of treatment are being revealed from time to time that may 
be highly efficient. He is one who would never cease to study, to investigate and to learn, 
but would always be in fullest possession of the latest and the best knowledge concerning 



A^&Ct.Tf^™ 



CZ^t^y 






o* 



\.*.« 



o* 



^ UP '. ai1 nO^ 



t\0 



n&. 



f\\-0 



£N 



f«U 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. S3 

diseases and their cure. He is a man who is highly esteemed in the social circles of the 
city, and is admired by the educated for his erudition. Dr. Wehrman was married in 1882, 
in Illinois, to Elizabeth Eisenmeier, a native of Trenton, 111., who has borne him three 
children. 

Rev. George E. Swan. Experience has convinced the careful observer that there is a 
thousand times more goodness, wisdom and love in this world than men imagine. Goodness 
is generous and diffusive; it is largeness of mind and sweetness of temper — balsam in the 
blood and justice sublimated to a richer spirit. The greatest man is he who chooses right 
with the most invincible resolution; who resists the sorest temptation from within and with- 
out; who bears the heaviest burdens cheerfully; who is calmest in storms and most fearless 
under menaces and frowns; whose reliance on truth, on virtue and on God is most unfalter- 
ing. Biography, especially the biography of the great and good, who have risen by their 
own exertions to eminence and usefulness, is an inspiring and ennobling study. Its direct 
tendency is to reproduce the excellence it records. In the life of Rev. George E. Swan we 
find that which should inspire the youths of this and coming generations to lives of useful- 
ness and greatness, and it is with pleasure that we note a few of the most important events 
of his career. He was born in Essex County, England, October 12, 1854, and he is one 
of the heir 8 in the celebrated case of Jennings vs. Jennings, described in Dickens' Bleak 
House as Jarndynce vs. Jarndynce. Our subject was educated in the schools of London, 
England, and came to America alone when he was but nineteen years of age. First he lo- 
cated in Duluth, where he worked in the custom house, and then went to Fairbault, Minn., 
where he studied five years, part of the time at Shattucks School, and at Seabury Divinity 
School, graduating from the latter in 1880 with the degree of B. D. From there he went to 
Fergus Falls, Minn., as missionary for one year, and then took charge of St. John's Church 
at Moorhead, Minn., where he remained until 1887. He then came to Indianapolis and 
took charge of Grace Cathedral, then located on the corner of Pennsylvania and St. Joseph 
Streets. At that time there was a very small congregation but under his ministry this largely 
increased and a new church built at Seventh and Central Avenue. Then in February, 1891 he 
took charge of the Mary's Hall, a select day and boarding school for young ladies, under the 
auspices of the Episcopal Church and now holds that position. He is a man of scholarly 
attainments and wide learning, and an able and forcible speaker. He impresses all with 
whom he comes in contact as being an earnest, efficient and faithful laborer in his Master's 
service. In November, 1888, our subject was married to Miss Marion C. Hawley, daughter 
of Rev. Dr. F. J. Hawley, dean of Minnesota, and later rector of St. John's Parish, West 
Indies. Mr. Swan has one son, John Fletcher, and a daughter, Marion Hart. 

N. S. Driggs, who has been identified with the drug business of Indianapolis for many 
years, is now located at 850 East Washington Street where he has a neatly fitted up phar- 
macy. He carries a full and well assorted stock of everything usually found in a well regu- 
lated store of this character and is doing a fairly prosperous business. 

John R. Pearson. If continuous elections to positions of trust and honor are a criterion 
by which a man's popularity' is gauged, then John R. Pearson enjoys, to an unusual degree, 
the high esteem of his fellow man. A native of the Birmingham of America, Pittsburgh, 
Penn., his birth occurred March 27, 1849, his father being Richard Pearson, an English- 
man by birth. The elder Pearson was a man of more than usual force of character and dis- 
cernment, a shrewd financier, was one of the progenitors of the Allegheny Valley Railway 
with which he was identified for over a quarter of a century, and for a period of thirty- five 
years was connected with the old Pittsburgh Bank. The family is yet prominently con- 
nected with the political, financial and social conditions of Pittsburgh. To a large extent 
John R. Pearson has inherited his superior business qualifications from his father. Born at a 
time when Pittsburgh was just beginning to demonstrate to the world her admirable location 
as a manufacturing center, he grew to manhood with her development, imbibing the same 
spirit of enthusiasm and enterprise that permeated her veins. After following wholesale 
merchandising in his native city for a time he decided that somewhere in the great West his 
opportunities for bettering his condition would not be as much restricted as at Pittsburgh, 
and accordingly, in 1870, came to Indianapolis and became the head of the well known house 
of Pearson & Dickson. This firm became a benefactor of the city, in a manner, by insti- 



84 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

t citing many improvements among which was the erection of the Grand Opera House in sixty 
days' time. Mr. Pearson helped to organize the Citizen's Gas Company and was selected to 
superintend same until it was financially consolidated with the old gas company. After this 
event he continued as superintendent until the purchase of the plant, and of that of the 
Natural Gas plant by a New York corporation and since then has been general manager and 
assistant to the president. Not long after his location in Indianapolis Mr. Pearson was 
selected by his neighbors for political preferment and has served numerous terms in the City 
Council, has been president of the Police Board and chairman of the Committee on finance. 
Preferring active business pursuits to the uncertain game of politics, he has firmly declined 
to enter the political arena. Mr. Pearson has made life an undisputed success so far, and 
being but in the prime of life his views of the future can have only a roseate hue. What he 
might have lacked in a social degree has been more than remedied by his marriage with 
Miss Hattie, the daughter of the late James Dickson. The poet has said, and truly, that: 

" Into each life some rain must fall, 
Some days must be dark and dreary." 

This is true of Mr. and Mrs. Pearson. One son was born to them who lived long enough 
to give much promise of the future. Death dashed fond hopes and bright dreams to the 
earth when the youth was sixteen years old. 

Ira Hollingsworth. From the biography of every man may be gleaned some lessons 
of genuine worth, for it is here that we discover the secret of his success or failure. If he has 
"passed to that bourne whence no traveler returns," it is all the more necessary that his 
name should be perpetuated for the benefit of his descendants and for future generations. 
Ira Hollingsworth' s life was marked by all that goes to make up useful aud noble manhood, 
and in him was the stuff of which noble citizens are made. He was born near Dayton, 
Ohio, April 22, 1808, a son of Joseph and Sarah J. (Cox) Hollingsworth, both of whom 
were born in South Carolina. Ira Hollingsworth resided in his native county until he was 
about eleven years of age, at which time the family removed to Randolph County, Ind., 
and settled on a farm, where the rest of his boyhood and early manhood were spent. He 
was educated in the old-time subscription schools which were in vogue in his day and which 
were held in rude log cabins. Upon reaching manhood he engaged in farming, as his 
father had done before him, and during the long winter months when he could do nothing 
else, he devoted his time to making shoes for his neighbors. He resided in Randolph 
County until 1837, then sold his farm, which he had improved, and came to Marion County, 
arriving in Pike Township April 19, 1837, where he bought a farm of 156 acres for 
$1,200 cash, now valued at $15,000. This land was but little improved at that time, and 
the work of clearing and again establishing a home was gone over again. He continued 
to reside on this place until his death, which occurred May 24, 1874, and during this time 
he made a wide acquaintance and won universal esteem. He never interested himself in 
politics to any great extent, but served his township in official capacities, being one of the trus- 
tees for a number of years. He was very successful as a farmer, and a more charitable or 
benevolent man could not be found in all the country round. Mr. Hollingsworth was 
married in 1827 to Miss Deborah Bennett, a native of Guilford County, N. C, born May 
16, 1808, a daughter of Joseph and Ruth (Mills) Bennett, who were also natives of the 
Old North State. The Bennett family were English, and all were adherents of the Quaker 
faith. Joseph Bennett died in North Carolina about the year 1814, and a few years after 
his death his widow and children removed to Indiana, coming the eutire distance in a one- 
horse wagon. They settled in Randolph County in 1821 or 1822, where the mother made 
her home until 1848, when she removed to Hamilton County, and there was called from life 
in May, 1863, at the advanced age of about ninety years. Ira Hollingsworth and his wife 
became the parents of fourteen children, seven boys and seven girls, thirteen of whom 
grew to manhood and womanhood: Joseph B.; Ruth A., married James M. Hume, and died 
May 25, 1865; Sarah J.; Eliza, married Charles Hanes, and died November 2, 1886; Eliz- 
abeth, died July 29,1884; Job, died at the age of six months; Francis M., Martin L., 
resides near Arkansas City, Kan., and was married in 1858 to Martha E. Eudailey; William 
H. H. ; Sylrania, married J. W. Wright, and resides on a farm in Franklin County, Kan. ; 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 85 

Lieurania; John S. ; Oliver H. P., and Victoria. The mother of these children died on 
May 14, 1892, she and her husband having been charter members of the North Liberty 
Christian Church in May, 1841, and were closely connected and identified with the same for 
many years, their home being commonly known as the preacher's home on all occasions. 
Mr. Hollingsworth was officially connected with the church as elder for many years. Polit- 
ically he was a Whig and Abolitionist, in fact he was always , in sympathy with downtrod- 
den humanity. He and his brother Dan cast the first Abolitionist votes in Pike Township, 
and were designated at the time as fools, but Mr. Hollingsworth said at the time that he 
hoped to live to see the seed bear fruit, and afterward thanked God that his hopes were 
realized. He was a most kind and affectionate father, very generous toward his children, 
and in addition to giving each and every one of them good educational advantages, materi- 
ally assisted them in getting settled in homes of their own, and always provided them with 
comforts and conveniences so far as lay within his power. He was a strong temperance man, 
one of the original organizers and active workers in that cause in his township. He was a 
man whom to know was to honor, and his many kindly deeds will live through many years 
to come. 

Daniel Hollingsworth. This gentleman is one of the oldest representatives of that 
pioneer family now living in Marion County, Ind. , and may be said to be one of its most 
worthy representatives, for his walk through life has been characterized by the most unde- 
viating energy, by a desire to do as he would be done by, and by the utmost public spirit. 
Mr. Hollingsworth was born in Randolph County, Ind., December 1, 1821, a son of Joseph 
Hollingsworth, who was born in South Carolina, in 1777, where he was reared to manhood 
and married Miss Sarah J. Cox, a native of the same State as himself. At an early period 
in the history of the State they removed to Ohio, but later settled in Randolph County, Ind., 
where Joseph Hollingsworth entered 240 acres of land, nearly all of which was heavily covered 
with timber. On this land he erected a cabin of poles and began to clear the land prepara- 
tory to the establishment of a home, and there after passing through the usual hardships 
and privations incident to the life of the pioneer, their efforts began to be rewarded and in 
due course of time they became possessed of an abundance of this world's goods. Mr. Holl- 
ingsworth was an adherent of the Quaker faith and was a devout member of that church the 
greater portion of his life. In 1837 the family first came to Marion County, and took up 
their residence in Pike Township, where Mr. Hollingsworth died about one year later, his 
wife following him to the grave about two weeks later. To this worthy couple a family of 
ten children were given, all of whom were residents of Pike County at one time, but only 
three of whom are now living: Eliza, Euhn and Daniel. Those deceased are: Mary, 
George, Lydia, Jonathan, Ira, Asa and Jeremiah. The subject of this sketch, Daniel Holl- 
ingsworth, is the youngest of his father's family, and like the majority of the farmers' boys 
of his day, his time was spent in wielding the hoe on the home place, and in attending such 
district schools as were held in the vicinity of his rural home. In this manner his early life 
was spent and during this time he developed into a fine specimen of physical manhood. He 
never attended a free school, but in his day the three R's were taught in the typical log 
cabin of pioneer days, and all the schools were conducted on the subscription plan. Not- 
withstanding these adverse circumstances he made reasonable progress in his studies, and 
while laboring on the home farm he became well versed in all kinds of agricultural labor 
and was especially skillful as a rail splitter. He has followed the occupation of farming in 
Pike Township, Marion County, ever since his sixteenth year, and in this occupation has 
been prosperous, being also extensively and successfully engaged in buying and selling hogs. 
He has been retired from the active duties of life for some years, and is in the enjoyment of 
liberal means, the result of his own energy and forethought. He now resides at New 
Augusta. He was married in November, 1840, to Miss Emily Pollard, a native of Kentucky, 
born December 10, 1823, a daughter of Allison and Mary (Ashley) Pollard, also natives of 
that State, and to them three children have been given: Elizabeth A., Mary C, who married 
B. F. Abrams, and is now deceased, and John who resides in Hendricks County, Ind. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hollingsworth have been active members of the Christian Church for over half a 
century, and they and four other persons are the only charter members of that church now 
living. This church is known as the North Liberty Christian Church and was organized by 



86 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Rev. Thomas Lockhart in 1841. Mr. Hollingsworth was for many years an elder in this 
church. Politically he was originally a Whig, but since its organization he has voted the 
Republican ticket, although he is a prohibitionist in principle. He went in debt for his first 
forty-five acres of land but by thrift and industry prospered and eventually became the 
owner of a tine tract of land comprising 150 acres. During his early years of farming he 
cut many an acre of wheat with a reap-hook for 50 cents per day, but closed his active career 
in easy circumstances. He is still the owner of forty acres of valuable land in Pike Town- 
ship, besides his fine residence property in New Augusta, and also owns 100 acres in Hen- 
dricks County, Ind. June 30, 1893, a wheat reaping contest with reap hooks was partici- 
pated in by ten old citizens of the county, witnessed by several hundred citizens and Mr. 
Hollingsworth secured the first premium of $5 for reaping the greatest amount in a given 
time. He was past seventy-one years of age when this occurred, which clearly demonstrates 
that father Time has touched him lightly and that many more years of usefulness are with- 
out doubt before him. 

Francis Marion Hollingsworth. A successful farmer of Marion County, Ind., is 
Francis M. Hollingsworth, who is a son of Ira and Deborah (Bennett) Hollingsworth, and 
was born in Pike Township, this county, January 30, 1837, being the first of a family born 
in Marion County. He was reared on a farm in his native township, and was an attendant of 
the district schools for about three months out of the year during his youthful days. He 
remained at home until he attained the age of about twenty years, then went to Kansas and 
cast his first vote against the Lecompton Constitution. He removed to that State for the 
purpose of locating a claim, and after an experience of nearly two years of frontier life, he 
gladly returned to Marion County and began farming in his native township, where he has 
continued to reside ever since, his attention being devoted to tilling the soil and to 
the raising of and dealing in stock, especially during the war, up to 1875, since which 
time the most of his attention has been given to farming and dairying. He became 
interested in politics about the organization of the Republican party, of which he has since 
been a stanch supporter, and he has always taken an active interest in the political affairs of 
the times, and wields considerable influence in political circles. In October, 1872, he was 
elected to the position of justice of the peace of Pike Township, in which capacity he served 
nearly eight years. At the present time he is serving his fourth term as notary public, 
making a period of sixteen years that he has continuously held this office. Mr. Hollings- 
worth was married on February 27, 1862, to Miss Cynthia M. Hightshue, who was born 
August 14, 1839, a daughter of Nicholas and Jane (Runnells) Hightshue. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hollingsworth have three children: Albert, Fred and Frank. Mr. Hollingsworth has been 
a member of the Masonic fraternity for the past twenty- three years, and in this order has 
filled most of the chairs. He and his wife have been active members of the Ebeneezer 
Christian Church, at Traders' Point, for the paet fifteen years; he has served as one of 
the elders for ten years, and at the present time is senior acting elder. Of fifteen years 
of active membership, he is serving his thirteenth year as superintendent of the Sunday- 
school. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Kinsley. This intelligent and wide-awake lady is a product of the 
Buckeye State, where she was born June 22, 1818. At the age of thirteen years she was 
brought by her parents, John and Elsie (Oliphant) Parish, to Indiana, and here has made 
her home up to the present time. Her father and mother were married in Albion, Ohio, in 
1807, but the former was a Kentuckian by birth and removed to Albion, Ohio, when a young 
man, and there met and married Miss Oliphant. He died when Elizabeth was a small girl, 
leaving his widow with four girls and three boys to care for, the names of the latter being 
Mary, Reuben, Sarah, William, Elizabeth, John and Sophia. John is now a resident of 
Marion County. Elizabeth grew to womanhood in the "Hoosier State" and received fair 
educational advantages in her girlhood, attending the common schools in the vicinity of her 
home and assisting her mother in the duties of the borne. She was first married to Isaac 
Whitinger, by whom she became the mother of eight children, only one, Jane, now living; 
her home is in Hamilton County, Ind., and she is the wife of Frank Creig. The second 
marriage of the subject of this sketch was to Isaac Jackson, by whom she had one son, 
Isaac, Jr., who is a prosperous citizen of Broad Ripple, Ind. Her third marriage was to 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



87 



Alexander Kinsley, to whom she was married in 1855. This marriage also resulted in the 
birth of one child, Mary, who was born June 29, 1857, who now with her husband, Perry 
M. Deford, lives on the old home farm with her mother. She was married to Mr. Deford 
in 1875, and their union has resulted in the birth of two children: Frederick B., born in 
June, 1884, and Clara, who was born in March, 1891. Perry M. Deford is a young man of 
high principles, intelligent, pushing and enterprising, and is doing well in a financial way. 
His parents, George W. and Ella (Williams) Deford, were married in Franklin County, Ind., 
in 1831, and their union resulted in the birth of ten children, who were named as follows: 
Sidrick C, John W., Martha J., Mary H., William H., Malinda, Margaret C, Francis A., 
Perry M. and Charles W. Of the Deford family John W. and William Henry were soldiers 
in the Union army during the Civil War, with which they served until the close of hostili- 
ties, being loyal and faithful to the cause they espoused. Alexander Kinsley was one of 
the pioneer settlers of Marion County, Ind. , and at the time of his settlement here Indian- 
apolis consisted of only a few log huts. Mr. Kinsley was a man of genial and kindly dis- 
position, was a thrifty agriculturist, and was strictly honorable in every sense of the word. 

Hon. Daniel W. Voorhees, whom Indiana Democrats s^ delight to honor, ie a native 
of Ohio, his birth occurring in Butler County, September 26, 1827, and is a son of Stephen 
Voorhees, a native of Kentucky, and a grandson of Peter Voorhees, of New Jersey nativity. 
When only two months old his parents moved to Fountain County, Ind. , and this State has 
ever since been his home. Asbury University graduated him in 1849, and here he obtained 
a wide reputation as an orator of superior ability, and the high regard of the faculty. He 
studied law and in 1852 was solicited by Hon. E. A. Hannegan, formerly United States 
Senator, to become his partner, which he accepted. In 1853 he was appointed State at- 
torney of his circuit by the governor, and thus obtained the foundation of his justly earned 
reputation as a superior criminal lawyer. In 1856 he was the Democratic nominee for 
Congress, and although defeated, reduced the opposing majority nearly 1 ,800 votes. In 
1857 he moved to Terre Haute, and the year following was appointed United States district 
attorney by President Buchanan. In 1860 and in 1862 he was elected to Congress, and in 
1864, although declared elected, his election was successfully contested. In 1868 he was 
again elected to Congress, and re-elected in 1870. In November, 1877, he was appointed 
United States senator to succeed Governor Morton, and has ever since occupied this po- 
sition by election. During the special session of Congress called by Pres. Cleveland 
he was the leader of his party, and the advocate of the President in bringing about the re- 
peal of the so called Sherman act. Unquestionably Mr .Voorhees is one of the moHt brilliant 
men that has ever held office within the State's jurisdiction. Not only has he an established 
reputation as a great statesman, but his fame as a criminal lawyer is equally as brilliant. He 
has always been an unswerving, uncompromising Democrat. His great ability as a states- 
man and lawyer is respected and acknowledged by all, regardless of politics. Mr. Voorhees 
married Miss Jane Hardesty in 1850, and four children have blessed their union. "The 
Tall Scycamore of the Wabash/' as he is known, occupies a prominent page in the volume 
devoted to America's greatest sons. 

Demarchus C. Brown. While the life of an educator is generally barren of incidents 
for popular biography, it is still true that the work of a protracted life in this sphere must 
have many points of interest to practical thinkers, to philosophical speculators on education, 
and to the great work of educational progress. Years industriously employed in any de- 
partment of human labor cannot be without its fruits and its lessons. Demarchus C. Brown 
was born in Indianapolis, Ind., June 24, 1857, and was educated in the public schools there 
and at Butler University, graduating from the latter institution in 1879, with the degree of 
A. B. Subsequently he took a post-graduate course and was given the degree of M. A. 
Following this he taught in the university as tutor for two years and then spent a year at 
the University of Tubingen, Germany. He was for some time in the British Museum also. 
In 1883 he returned home and acted as assistant professor of Greek for one year, when he 
was appointed to fill the Greek chair. That position he filled until June, 1892, and in August 
of that year he went to Paris, France, where he studied French until November, 1892. He 
then became a member of the American School of Archaeology, at Athens, Greece, whither 
he had gone, and remained in that city until the spring of 1893, when he returned to Indian- 



88 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

apolis, lad., and resumed the Greek chair in Butler University. Mr. Brown is a member of 
the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity, and of the Christian Church. He was married in 1881 to 
Miss Anna Rudy, daughter of P. 0. Rudy, of Paris, 111., who died in 1891 without issue. 
Philip Brown, father of subject, was a native of Ohio and a merchant, principally. His 
death occurred in 1864. The mother of our subject was originally Julia Troester and her 
death occurred in 1873. 

Dr. Henry S. Cunningham. The value to any community of a professional man is not 
marked merely by bis learning and skill, his proficiency in medical and surgical practice, but 
also by his character, both private and professional, his honorable adherence to medical 
ethics and his personal integrity and benevolence of purpose. When a physician combines 
these characteristics it is with great pleasure that we record his life work, and such a man do 
we find in Dr. Henry S. Cunningham. This physician of Indianapolis had his birth in Arm- 
strong County, Perm., September 1, 1839, and remained in his native county until eighteen 
years of age. Being left an orphan at a tender age he educated himself and is a self-made 
man in every particular. He has known the demands of poverty, but his honesty, goodness, 
energy and stick- to-it iveness have brought their rewards, which he and his family are now 
enjoying. He, attended the public school and when thirteen years of age entered the acad- 
emy at Worthington, Penn. , to study higher branches. There he remained until eighteen 
years of age, working his way, after which he entered grammar school at New Haven, Conn., 
for a year. After this for a number of years he taught school and worked at mechanics. In 
1862 he began the study of medicine with Starling Loving at Columbus, Ohio, and graduated 
from Starling College there June 30, 1865. He then came to Indiana, Hancock County, and 
located at Warrington, but owing to ill health did not enter upon his practice until April, 
1866. He remained at Warrington until the spring of 1869 when he located at Winchester, 
Randolph County, where he continued until the spring of 1871. From there he went to Mon- 
treal, Canada, and entered the medical department of Bishop College where he graduated 
April 4, 1872, with the Canadian C. M., M. D. degree. In April of the following year he 
came to Indianapolis and from the first had a successful practice. For two years he was on 
the stafE of Bobb's Free Dispensary in the early seventies. Professor William B. Fletcher, super- 
intendent. He is a member of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of the Province of 
Quebec. He was one of the charter members of Marion County Medical Society, but is not 
an active member now. He was a member of the original Academy of Medicine during its 
existence. Dr. Cunningham is the author of "Lectures on Physiological Laws of Life and 
Hygiene,' ' published in 1882, which was kindly received by the profession and has had an 
extensive sale. He was physician to the German Protestant Orphan Home at Indianapolis, 
from October, 1887, up to October, 1891, when he resigned and was regularly appointed as 
consulting physician, a position he yet occupies. The Doctor is a member of the Western 
Association of Writers and at the annual meeting in June, 1893, at Spring Park, Warsaw, 
Ind., he read a paper before that body on "Man's Individuality and Responsibility. v He is 
a man of education, a ready writer, and is well known in the city as one of the leading 
practitioners. He is also a member of the present executive board of Western Association 
of Writers. Socially he is a member of the Masonic Order, the I. O. O. F., A. O. of D. and 
Chosen Friends. He has served as president of the board of health of Indianapolis. In 
the year 1864 he was married to Miss Emma Mills, a native of Pennsylvania, and three chil- 
dren have been born to their union. Mrs. Cunningham died of consumption but the children 
are living. The Doctor's second marriage occurred in 1876, to Miss Carrie Fairfield, a na- 
tive of Syracuse, N. Y., and a daughter of John D. and Charlotte (Knapp) Fairfield. She 
died on December 18, 1887. The Doctor adheres to the platform of the Democratic party. 

Hon. Cyrus F. Mosier. The facility with which the American soldier laid down the 
implements of warfare, at the close of the great conflict between the northern and south- 
ern States, and adapted himself to the pursuits of civil life, has been the wonder of all 
nations, and scarcely less surprising than gratifying to the American people themselves. 
While not a few very profound citizens of the Republic were speculating as to what was to 
become of the thousands of men mustered out of the armies of the United States, the ques- 
tion was solved by the ex-soldiers themselves, who quietly stepped into the ordinary walks 
of life, to become the very flower of American citizenship, and the chief promoters of a 



tit .• •■ v ,,„,,) 

TltBe N FOUNDATION* 



AND MAHION COUNTY, INDIANA. 89 

national progress which is without a parallel in history. In ability, industry, integrity and 
morality, in respect for the rights of others, and everything that goes to make up a good 
citizen, the manhood of the nation suffered nothing as a result of the war, but on the con- 
trary it has been demonstrated that the beardless boys who left the farm, the workshop, the 
storeroom and the college, to light the battles which were to preserve the life of the nation, 
came out of the conflict, as a rule, better fitted for that kind of systematic, tireless and per- 
sistent effort which wins success, than the young Americans of any generation since the 
revolutionary period. This fact cannot fail to impress itself upon either the writer of 
American history proper, or of that branch of history which consists of the biographies of 
those who have achieved sufficient distinction to make the record of their lives of interest to 
the public. Whenever we attempt to write the history of a great enterprise, we find among 
its chief promoters, men who were at Vicksburg, Donelson, Gettysburg, or Appomattox; we 
find the same class of men on the bench, at the bar, in the pulpit, in high official positions, 
and in the field of medicine, and wherever we find them, with rare exceptions, they reflect 
the highest credit upon their respective callings. The subject of this sketch was one who 
donned the blue uniform and fought bravely for the old flag, serving with distinction 
through the Rebellion. He comes of good old fighting stock, his paternal grandfather hav- 
ing fought and died for independence. Mr. Mosier was born on June 21, 1840, and is a 
descendant of English ancestors, inheriting their thrift and enterprise. He is the son of 
Cyrus and Rebecca (Weeks) Mosier, natives of the Empire State, where the father, in con- 
nection with the millwright trade, carried on a carriage manufactory. The Weeks family 
was related to the Mosier family on the mother's side, and several members of this family 
were killed in the noted Wyoming massacre. The parents of our subject had born to their 
union three children, as follows: Horace (deceased), Cyrus F., and Charles who was drowned 
in a spring. Cyrus F. was but two months old when his father died, and his mother after- 
ward removed to Corning, N. Y. , where she resided for six years. From there she moved 
toward the setting sun and settled in New Haven, Ind., where she married Rufus McDonald, 
one of the prominent men of that section. By this union two children were born, only one. 
Rufus, now living. The original of this notice has known the demands of poverty, and 
consorted with them if any man has, but his honesty, goodness, energy and perseverance 
have brought their rewards of which he and family'are now enjoying. When but a boy he 
started out to fight his own way in life, and first stopped at Newville, Ind., where he secured 
employment and schooling during the winter months, for six years, working during the 
summer seasons for his schooling the following winter. At the end of this time he was 
offered the principalship of this school and after serving in that capacity for some time, he 
accepted other positions. Mr. Mosier is not an educated man in the technical sense of the 
word, but he harmonizes cause and effect so logically, that he is recognized as one whose 
opinion is of much weight. In 1861, on the first call for troops in the State, he was the 
first man to enlist in the call from De Kalb County. He joined Company F, First Twelfth 
Regiment as private and later was made sergeant of Company E, Fifty-fifth Regiment. 
Still later he was made first lieutenant of Company D, One Hundred and Eighteenth Regi- 
ment, and served in that capacity for two years and one month, or until about the 
close of hostilities. He was captured with about 7,000 men, but made good his 
escape before seeing the inside of prison walls. He was in many hotly contested battles 
during service, and no braver soldier trod the red sod of a battle field. Returning home- 
after the war, he engaged in the manufacture of brick, continued this two years, and 
then located in New Haven, Ind., where he was employed as a teacher in the vicinity. For 
seventeen years he was one of the prominent educators of that section, and in that capacity 
his peculiar capabilities shone forth in their brightest splendor. He served two terms as 
city attorney of New Haven, and being a Republican and the town being strongly Demo- 
cratic, demonstrated very clearly the hold Mr. Mosier had upon the affections of the people. 
From there he move:! to Maysville, Ind., and started a newspaper, but in the spring of 
1877 he removed to Bristol, Elkhart County, and started the Bristol Banner, a publication 
which has much to do with molding public sentiment inside its circulation, and which influ- 
ence sant Mr. Mosier two terms to the Indiana Legislature from this county in 1882, a 
position he filled with credit to himself and his party. Had he not declined peremptorily, 



90 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

he might have been returned in 1888, but like the true gentleman, he felt he had been 
honored enough, and stood aside, cheerfully, only, however, to work the harder for his suc- 
cessor. He still owns and controls the Bristol Banner and its crisp and trenchant editorials 
command an ever widening area of circulation, while they carry with them that weight and 
authority which a clear, calm and intelligent judgment must always secure. Mr. Mosier is 
the president of the People's Mutual Benefit Society, a position he has held for years, and 
though subject to deposition by the stockholders at their annual, he is nevertheless period- 
ically made his own successor, which compliments his integrity, evidences his popularity, 
and in so many words says: "Leave well enough alone.' ' He has erected a good substan- 
tial business block in Bristol, with his other business. He is deeply interested in anything 
that points to the elevation of the city of his adoption, is popular with the masses, urbane 
toward all, and if there be anything wanting in his makeup to make him a Christian gentle- 
man, no one has discovered it. He enjoys his well-earned reward with dignity, while his 
home is a green spot after day's duty is over, Mrs. Mosier being a true counterpart of her 
excellent husband, and as cheerful and generous a dispenser, and what may be said of him 
can be said of few, that he is never spoken ill of, and while there may be better people in 
the city, it will take the umpire of ceremonies to discover them. He is a man of stalwart 
simplicity and fine descrimination between right and wrong, and having the courage of his 
convictions, he is a tighter no matter what the odds. He has a plain but forcible manner in 
appealing to public sentiment, which makes him one of the people as an integer, and which 
would elevate him politically, if he possessed the assurance of the average office-seeker, but 
being built on a more modest plane, it works to his disadvantage, though probably more to 
his taste. One of the strongest traits of his character is prudence, never acting until all 
doubt is removed, and the outcome logically weighed, and when decided, he rides down 
obstacles against all bias; honorable in expense, liberal in contributions to what promises 
utility, but unworthy calls on his charity get t£e cold shoulder, and it may truly be said that 
nature and fortune find in him a combine seldom met, which is why he and Elkhart get on to- 
gether well, and why each is proud to own the other, and may he and his live long in the friend- 
ship of the city of their adoption. Mr. Mosier was elected a member of the school board and 
ex officio member county board of education for three terms in succession and was secretary 
of the board at the same time. He is treasurer of the Fidelity Building & Savings Union 
of Indianapolis, where he spends much of his time, and socially he is a member of the 
I. O. O. F. and the G. A. R. He was married on May 24, 1863, to Miss Drusilla L. Roe, 
and they have one child living, Horace. Urtis V. and Inez B. are deceased. Horace occu- 
pies the chair of manager of the loan department of Fidelity Building & Loan Company, 
at a good salary, although only twenty years of age. 

W. A. Sullivan. Among the prominent railroad men of Indianapolis, Ind., stands the 
name of W. A. Sullivan, who is a native of that city, born June 27, 1859, and who was 
educated in the public schools there. In 1872 he left school and began working for the 
JefFersonville, Madison & Indianapolis Railroad, as messenger boy at Indianapolis, and 
after a few months returned to the employ of the Big Four Railroad for which he had 
worked six weeks prior to being employed by the Jefferson vi lie, Madison & Indianapolis 
Railroad. March 1873 he began his duties as messenger boy for this company and 
in the spring of 1874 he was promoted to a clerkship which place he filled until 1880 when 
he was made chief clerk, filling that position in a very satisfactory manner for fourteen 
months. He was theu made secretary to Superintendent J. W. Sherwood and continued in 
that capacity for sixteen months. Ou January 1, 1883, he was made agent of the Big Four, 
and this position he now holds. He is one of the most efficient and capable railroad men and 
sustains the reputation of the Big Four as the most admirably managed of the great trans- 
portation, lines entering Indianapolis. In March, 1891, he was elected a member of the 
Board of Public Safety. Socially he is a member of the Masonic order, also the Elks, and 
the National Association of the Local Freight Agents' Association. On May 21, 1884, Mr. 
Sullivan was married to Miss Addie K. Buchanan, daughter of Capt. James M. Buchanan, 
of Indianapolis. Two children have been born to this union, Mabel Marie and William 
Buchanan. 



IHt NS-.'.V YOhi. 

r' :j? I. IC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR, LENOX AND 
TILDEN FOUNDATfONS. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 91 

Albert E. Sterne, M. D. The aim of the modern physician is high and it is no longer 
possible for a person to pick up a smattering of medicine here and there, nail up his shingle 
and strike out, hit or miss, when called upon to prescribe in cases of illness. 'The demand 
of the age is for gentlemen of culture, refinement and scholastic finish, who shall add to 
literary education a thorough course of professional education in some established institution 
of recognized authority. Dr. Albert E. Sterne, of Indianapolis, has met these requirements 
most fully, and beyond even what is expected or fulfilled in most cases. This most accom- 
plished young man has prepared most fully for the noble profession, having, in fact, used 
every possible agency for the equipment of himself for the successful practice of medicine. 
Thus fortified, he has started out with the confidence and the esteem of his brethren and is 
rapidly building up a desirable practice as the result of his superior attainments. His future 
is already assured and success is before him. Albert E. Sterne was born in Cincin- 
nati, April 28, 1866, the son of Charles F. Sterne, a native of Germany, who came to 
America when a boy and settled at Peru, Ind., and in after years established the Peru 
Woolen Mills, in connection with a brother. He was a most successful manufacturer and 
business man and owned a great deal of real estate in Cincinnati, Indianapolis and other 
places. He married Eugenia Fries, a native of Bavaria, who came to America with her 
parents when very small. Her father was a professor in a gymnasium in Germany. The 
father of our subject died in 1880 and his mother in the following year. Our subject was 
reared in Peru, where he attended the public schools until he was eleven years old, 
when he left for Prof. Kinney's celebrated school at Ithaca, N. Y., where he remained 
a year, and then entered the Mt. Pleasant Military Academy at Sing Sing, N. Y. , attending 
a course of four years, after which he entered the classical department of Harvard Uni- 
versity, at the age of seventeen, and graduated in the class of 1887. In the fall of that 
year he went to Germany, studying medicine in Strasburg for two and one-half years. He 
went thence to Berlin, where he remained three years, graduating from the University of 
Berlin August 12, 1891. In the meantime, during his vacations, be studied in the hospitals 
of Paris, London, and other European cities, visiting all the hospitals of Europe, and being 
an interne of the Berlin Charite* and Dublin Rotunda hospitals. The doctor then returned 
to the United States in December, 1892, locating at Indianapolis, where he at once 
began the general practice, but it his purpose to make a specialty of nervous diseases, 
having made an extended and special study of this most important subject. Dr. Sterne is 
a member of the American Medical Association, of the Indiana State and the Marion County 
Medical Associations, of the Indianapolis Surgical Society, and is also a member of the 
American Association of Physicians at Berlin, being a charter member and one of the 
founders of the latter association. To a scholarly mind and a most intimate knowledge of 
his profession Dr. Sterne adds a genial, pleasant, agreeable manner, a nature that is in full 
sympathy with his fellows and a spirit of broad and liberal charity. In him is a combi- 
nation of all that is necessary to the complete modern physician and he is fast making 
friends in this city. 

Prof. Allen R. Benton. One of the pioneer educators of the State of Indiana, Prof. 
Allen Richardson Benton is a native of the Empire State, born in Cayuga County, October 1, 
1822. He received his primary education in the common schools of his native county and 
later entered Elbridge Academy, in Onondaga County, N. Y. After leaving that institution 
he farmed and taught in the public schools until he entered Fulton Academy, Oswego County, 
N. Y., in 1843, and graduated at Bethany College, West Virginia, in 1847. From Bethany 
he came to Rush County, Ind., and located at Fair view, where he was principal of Fairview 
Academy for six years. Prof. Benton organized that school and made it a very prosperous 
one, beginning with about twenty-five pupils the first year, but on account of its popularity 
the board of control limited the number to seventy. After the first year the quota was 
always full and vacancies eagerly waited for. Leaving the Academy in 1854, Prof. Benton 
spent the fall, winter and spring in the University at Rochester, N. Y., taking a post- 
graduate course. In the spring of 1855 he came to Indianapolis, where he had been 
elected professor of ancient languages in the Northwestern Christian University (now 
Butler University). Previous to opening the University in the fall, our subject opened a 
select school in the college building and continued this until taking his chair as professor of 



92 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

ancient languages. He held the chair above mentioned until 1861, when he was elected 
president of the college, filling that position until 1868, and in the meantime teaching 
ancient languages. In the last named year this well-known educator moved to Alliance, 
Ohio, where he accepted the chair of Latin in Alliance College. In 1869 he was elected 
president of the college and served in that capacity during 1869-70, and until the spring 
of 1871. He then was called to organize the University of Nebraska, at Lincoln, and was 
elected its first chancellor, which position he held for five years. This uuiversity has now 
1,000 students. In 1876 Prof. Benton returned to Indianapolis and was elected to the chair 
of philosophy and biblical literature in Butler University, which chair he now holds. In 
1886 he was elected president of Butler University and held that position in addition to his 
duties as professor of philosophy and biblical literature up to 1891, when he resigned as 
president but still holds his professorship. Prof. Benton has delivered many addresses that 
have been published but has never written anything especially for publication. He does not 
belong to any of the secret organizations. The early life of our subject was passed on a 
farm and he was actively engaged with the duties of the same until twenty-one years of 
age. He entered Elbridge Academy when twelve years old and was regarded as very profi- 
cient in languages and mathematics. At Bethany College he was given first honors in lan- 
guages and mathematics and was offered the chair of mathematics in that institution, but 
refused. He is a man of profound learning, an able linguist and forcible speaker. He im- 
presses all with whom he comes in contact as being an earnest, efficient and faithful laborer 
in the cause of education. He is a man of popular address, fine social qualities and marked 
originality of thought and expression. Prof. Benton was married in Oswego County, N. Y., 
in 1851, to Miss Silence Howard, daughter of Dr. Ransom Howard, who was a cousin of 
William Cullen Bryant's grandmother, Silence Howard. Three children have been born to 
this union: Grace, wife of James S. Dales, comptroller of the University of Nebraska; 
Howard Allen, married Miss Frances Stephenson, daughter of Dr. A. C. Stephenson, and 
resides in Indianapolis; and Mattie, wife of Willard E. Stewart, ex-county judge, at Lin- 
coln, Neb. Allen Benton, father of the Professor, was born in New York State, near Albany, 
but his father, Isaac Benton, was a native of Litchfield, Conn. For forty years Allen Ben- 
ton practiced medicine in Cayuga County, N. Y., and was an honor to his profession. 
Deborah Willey, the maiden name of our subject's mother, was a native of East Haddam, 
Conn. By her marriage to Dr. Benton she became the mother of these children: Heman, 
a farmer now residing in Cayuga County, N. Y. ; Prof. Allen It. (subject of this sketch); 
Matilda, wife of John M. Shepard, a minister of Cayuga County, N. Y. ; Charles Darwin, a 
farmer of Cayuga County, and Dr. James D. The latter was surgeon, first of the One 
Hundred and Eleventh New York Regiment, but was afterward transferred to another regi- 
ment and served through the war. He died in 1891 as a result of exposure during that 
trying period. The father of these children passed away in 1879, following his wife, who 
had breathed her last in 1867. The father was of English and the mother of Scotch origin. 
Both were honorable, upright citizens and their family holds an honored and influential 
place at the homestead in western New York. 

Daniel Bates Hosbrook affords in his life and its success another evidence that indus- 
try, economy and iutegrity constitute the keynote to honorable competency. After a long 
and honorable career he has retired from the active duties of life and now enjoys a pleasant 
and comfortable home in the southeastern part of the city of Indianapolis. He was born 
in Hamilton County, Ohio, December 9, 1822, and received his early education and training 
in the common schools of that county. His father, Daniel Hosbrook, was county surveyor 
of this county for several years, and young Daniel assisted his father in surveying and upon 
the farm from his fifteenth to his twenty -first year, and in the meantime by diligent study 
and application he thoroughly qualified himself as a surveyor and civil engineer and removed 
to the city of Indianapolis in the year 1846. Here he soon found employment in his profes- 
sion and was elected to the office of county surveyor of Marion County, which office he held 
for several terms and afterward was elected to the office of civil engineer of the city of In- 
dianapolis. He has been for a number of years consulting engineer for the county commis- 
sioners of Marion County, and as such made the plans for and superintended the construction 
of a large number of bridges built by the county commissioners. He has been a member of 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 93 

the Methodist Episcopal Church for fifty years and an official member for forty years. In 
the year 1851 Mr. Hosbrook was married to Miss Mary A. Hightshoe. His said wife having 
died he was married a second time in 1865 to Miss Louisa Hightshoe, a half sister of his 
first wife. He has two children living, namely: Frank Hosbrook and Clara Denny, wife of 
Elmer Denny. The subject of our sketch had four brothers and five sisters, four of whom 
are still living, to-wit: Hervey Hosbrook, of Indianapolis, Ind. ; John L. Hosbrook, Mablon 
Hosbrook, both of Hamilton County, Ohio, and Elizabeth Trost, wife of John Trost, of 
Marion County, Ind. Mr. Hosbrook is well known and highly respected by all on account 
of his sterling honesty, unswerving integrity and honorable and upright dealing through a 
long and useful life. 

Chables Rieman. The occupation of the florist has of late years been followed as a 
profession, and the growing desire to ornament lawns and gardens, and to grow flowers for 
ornamental decoration, makes the calling a highly important one. Not even in winter does 
the goddess Flora restrict her gifts, for in the conservatories and green-houses a constant 
supply of the most beautiful exotics is everywhere available. Indianapolis has acquired 
quite a reputation as a center of floriculture, and one of the most prominent names known 
in this connection is that of Rieman. Charles Rieman, one of the pioneer and long one of 
the most prominent florists of this city, was born in Germany, January 12, 1832, and first 
came to America before he was twenty years old, later becoming a legally naturalized citi- 
zen. He was educated in his native land, and before leaving there became familiar with 
floriculture. At the age of nineteen he became a steward on an ocean vessel, and in that 
capacity crossed the ocean seven times, gaining a valuable experience and finally remaining 
in the country which he conceived to offer better advantages to young and enterprising men 
than those afforded in Germany. Locating in Hamilton, Ohio, he naturally engaged in 
floriculture, and becoming well known as a florist, built up quite an extensive trade. In 
1872 he came to Indianapolis, and before opening business on his own account, was for a 
time in the employ of the old-time florist, A. Wiegand. In partnership with Lewis Stone 
he began business in the Exposition building. They were driven out by fire, and Mr. Rie- 
man located on Tennessee Street, where he erected five very large green-houses. Thence he 
removed in 1887 to Mississippi and Twenty -second Streets, and his establishment fronting 
200 feet on Mississippi Street and extending back 180 feet on Twenty-second Streets, has 
become one of the landmarks of that part of the city. When the fact that Mr. Rieman 
started out in life a penniless boy, is considered in connection with the success he won, it 
must be admitted that he demonstrated unusual business capacity. Work was his watch- 
word, and he knew no leisure during all the years necessary to assure the permanency of his 
enterprise. He was in all things an admirable business man and a public spirited citizen, 
always doing his part nobly in any work having for its object the benefit of his fellow men. In 
politics he was a Republican, though he was not in the active sense a politician. He was a 
liberal and helpful member of Z ion's Church, was a patron of the German Orphan Asylum, 
and was identified with the Knights of Honor, both as a member and an officer. Mr. Rie- 
man married Mary Agnes Deering, who died in 1863, leaving him two sons, John and 
Henry. In 1864 be married Barbara A. Wagner, who was born in Germany in 1847, a 
daughter of Andrew Wagner, a carriage- maker, who came to the United States in 1852, 
bringing his family and locating in Baltimore, where he died, and in 1857 the family 
removed to Hamilton, Ohio, where Miss Wagner met and married Mr. Rieman. Mrs. Wag- 
ner is still living at the advanced age of eighty- six years, a member of Mrs. Rieman' s 
household. Mr. Rieman died January 24, 1890. By his second marriage he had two sons, 
Edward E. and Otto J. Rieman, and a daughter, Lydia, now the wife of George J. Gerzen- 
denner, of Indianapolis. Mrs. Rieman is a devout communicant of Zion's Church. The 
business established and conducted so long and so successfully by Mr. Rieman is now man- 
aged with equal success by his family. A distinct specialty is made of cut flowers and 
much attention is given to the bedding trade. This is one of the important industries 
of the kind in Indianapolis, and through the long years of its existence it has become firmly 
established and most popular. 

Henry William Rieman. The culture of flowers is one that adds much to the happiness 
and pleasure of the great majority of people, and this being a fact, an allwise Providence 



94 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

placed it within the power of nearly every one to cultivate this taste for the beautiful, for if 
they lack suitable conveniences in their own homes for their culture, the numerous floral 
establishments in all large cities will readily supply their wants. Henry W. Eieman is at 
the head of a well stocked establisement at 609 S. East Street, Indianapolis. He deals in 
all kinds of plants, flowers and designs, and his trade not only embraces all parts of the 
city, but also the surrounding country. Designs of all kinds suitable for weddings, funerals, 
parties, etc., are arranged on short notice and in the most satisfactory manner. Mr. Rieman 
is a native of the Province of Hanover, Germany, where he was born in 1857, a son of 
Henry Rieman, who was a florist for a nobleman in the Province of Hanover, and under his 
father's able instruction young Henry obtained his first knowledge of the business. The 
father came to the United States on a visit though he did not remain here but a short time, and 
upon his return to the Fatherland once more entered the service of his former employer. 
Henry W. Rieman was educated in his native land, and at the age of twenty years came to 
the United States, and for some time made his home in Cincinnati, after which he spent two 
years in Connersville, and then became a resident of Indianapolis, which place has since been 
his home. He entered the employ of J. S. Hillbrandt, who is the owner of a small conserv- 
atory, for three years, and then became associated in the business with Charles Rieman, an 
uncle. This connection was severed soon after, and Mr. Rieman then entered the employ 
of Mr. A. Wiegand, with whom he remained four years. He then embarked in business for 
himself, and in the short interval of his business career, six years, he has built four green- 
houses. It was his intention, if he has not already done so, to build two more during the 
summer of 1893. His houses are stocked with most rare and beautiful flowers, and in the 
various flower shows that have been held he has carried off many premiums. At the flower 
show in Cincinnati in 1892 he took the silver medal and $50 premium for the second best 
seedling chrysanthemum when over 500 entries from different sections of the country 
had been made. He has also taken many premiums in Indianapolis. He belongs to the 
society of Indiana florists, being president of the local club, and he is also a member of the 
National Society of American Florists. In 1883 he was married to Miss Mary Richter, of 
Indianapolis, by whom he has two sons and two daughters. He and his wife are members 
of the Zion Church. 

Arthur V. Brown. Popular, efficient and faithful, such would be the verdict passed 
upon the character and the official standing of our subject by any good citizen of Indianapolis, 
of whom the question might be asked. Arthur V. Brown, the county attorney of Marion 
County, was born at New Bethel, Marion County, Ind., March 17, 1863, being the son of 
Dr. Samuel M. and Mahala (Brady) Brown, natives of South Carolina and of Marion County, 
Ind., respectively. The father came to Marion County about the year 1848, locating at 
New Bethel, is a graduate of the Cincinnati Medical College and practices at New Bethel. 
The maternal grandfather, Henry Brady, came to Marion County in 1819, settling about five 
miles east of what is now Indianapolis. He was a well known, intelligent and very popular 
gentleman. By profession he was a surveyor and civil engineer and was elected several times 
to the house and the Senate of the Legislature of Indiana; was a member of the house when 
the new constitution was adopted. This accomplished gentleman was a soldier of the War 
of 1812. He died in the city of Indianapolis in the year 1885. One daughter of his is 
living, Mrs. Margaret Lingenfelter, of this city. Our subject is the fourth child of a family 
of nine and was brought up in New Bethel, where he attended the public schools and gradu- 
ated from the Butler University in 1885. At once he began the study of law with Harrison, 
Miller & Elam and was admitted to the bar in 1886. Beginning the practice alone he has 
built up a large business and a lucrative one. In September, 1891, he was appointed county 
attorney and was principal deputy prosecuting attorney under John W. Holtzman for two 
years. In 1886 he was appointed by the county commissioners as attorney for poor prisoners, 
a position he held for two years. For a period of two years he was secretary of the Hendricks 
Club and during the past two years has been its treasurer. Mr. Brown is a very bright 
Mason, a thirty-second degree member and a member of the Mystic Shrine; also a member 
of the Sigma Chi society. Mr. Brown is a very bright and most promising young man, 
whose future is gilded with the sure promise of good things. He is a very ardent Democrat 
and most loyally stands by and works for the nominees of his party. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 95 

Hon. Michael A. Downing is a native of Scott County, Ind., and was born in 1835, a son 
of John Downing and grandson of Michael Downing, a man of warlike spirit who fought 
under Mad Anthony Wayne in the War for independence, helped conquer the Indians in the 
Northwest Territory and later took part in the Pigeon Boost battle in this State and in due 
order served his country in the War of 1812. The Downing family came to the western 
country from Virginia, by flatboat via the Kanawha and the Ohio Bivers, settling at the falls 
of the Ohio on the Indiana side. Mr. Downing* s father located near New Frankfort, and 
when the immediate subject of this sketch was four years old removed to Burgess Ferry, 
Jackson County. There the boy was given every possible educational advantage. After 
leaving the common school, he entered that excellent old institution, Blue Biver Seminary 
in Washington County. Later he was a student at Greencastle and finished his education 
at Franklin College. During the few years preceding his college days and for a time after- 
ward Mr. Downing assisted his father in farming and store-keeping operations at Tampico, 
Jackson County. In 1856 he became the commercial representative of the A. Downing & 
Co., smelting works in Greene County. The following year found him a wholesale and 
retail grocer at Louisville, where he lived for twenty years and became known as an able and 
successful business man and a safe and reliable leader in public affairs. He was chosen to rep- 
resent his ward in the Louisville Board of Aldermen in 1860, and from that time until 1877, 
when he removed to Indianapolis, he was constantly in office as alderman, member of the 
Legislature or in some other prominent position. During his service in the Kentucky Leg- 
islature Dr. Norvin Green, president of the Western Union Telegraph Company, was one of 
his colleagues and during his first session his room mate, and during his second session Mr. 
Downing occupied a room in connection with Dr. E. D. Standiford, president of the Louis- 
ville and Nashville Bailroad. In 1876, after fourteen years successful management of the 
Louisville stockyards, Mr. Downing was induced to interest himself in the Belt Bailway and 
stock yards projected in Indianapolis, an enterprise which a number of influential men had 
tried without avail to bring to a successful issue, and which, under his guidance, was soon 
made an assured success, though only after many difficulties had been overcome. Mr. Down- 
ing had its general management during the entire period of construction and retained it 
until in 1882, the line was leased to the Union Bailway Company, and is now one of the prom- 
inent directors and stockholders in this institution so important to the leading interests of 
the city. In 1884, in connection with other Indianapolis capitalists, Mr. Downing bought 
the St. Louis and Florisant Narrow Gauge Bailway, now after several changes of name, 
known as the St. Louis Cable and Western Bailway, of which he was president through all 
of its vicissitudes, and in that capacity he secured the franchise for the first cable system 
constructed in St. Louis, though strenuously opposed in some influential quarters. By this 
achievement he secured to St. Louis a splendid system of rapid transit which has had much 
to do with the wonderful growth and development of that city since that time. The prop- 
erty with all its franchises was sold to a Boston syndicate most profitably by Mr. Downing 
and his associates. Next, in connection with Ex- Governor Evans of Colorado, W. N. Byers, 
formerly proprietor of the Bocky Mountain News and others, he built the first system of 
cable roads in successful operation in Denver, in which he had a large amount of stock and of 
which he was the general manager during its construction and until 1889 when he resigned 
and returned to his old home at Indianapolis. Upon his retirement the directors of the com- 
pany recorded in the archives of the corporation a set of resolutions thanking him sincerely 
for his efficient work as the builder and first general manager of these lines. Early in the 
administration of Governor Gray, Mr. Downing was appointed by that official one of the 
police commissioners of Indianapolis, but his private business was so pressing in its demands 
upon him that he resigned after two years' service. He was also president of the State 
Board of Education appointed under the present law. He is a past master Mason and is a 
member of the Commercial Club and other popular and prominent organizations. He was 
married in 1854 to Susan L. Duncan, daughter of Johnson Duncan, of Hardin County, Ky., 
and has two sons and two daughters all of whom are well-known and honored residents of 
Indianapolis. 

John H. Carson, M. D. The profession of the physician is perhaps one of the most 
trying on brain and body of any in the field of science, for it absorbs the attention of him who 



90 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

practices it conscientiously, both day and night and brings into play all the latent powers of bis 
being. At an early age Dr. Carson manifested a decided taste and talent for the medical pro- 
fession — his kindly nature instinctively turning to that broad field of human suffering for 
his life work — a profession whose noiseless, yet ofttimes marvelous triumphs, are unknown to 
the multitude. He was born in Ontario, Canada, February 9, 1862, and is a son of James 
and Phoebe (Wright) Carson, the former a native of the green isle of Erin and the latter of 
Canada but of Irish descent. Dr. Carson's early educational advantages were received in 
the common school and when but twelve years of age he started out to make his own way in 
life. For four years he clerked in a store after which he began teaching school and followed 
this profession for a number of years. In 1886 he entered the Northwestern University of 
Illinois, attended two years, and then entered De Pauw University at Green/castle where be 
continued one year. While securing an education he was obliged to work during vacation 
to get the necessary means for his schooling, and thus made the most of his time. He began 
the study of medicine with Bagan& Allen of Plainfield, and subsequently entered The Medical 
College of Indiana from which he graduated in 1892. Following this he began the general prac- 
tice of his profession in West Indianapolis and has been unusually successful, having acquired 
a large practice for a young physician. He has been registrar of the Medical College of 
Indiana for two years and is a member of Indiana State and Marion County Medical Societies. 
Socially he is a member of the I. O. O. F. and I. O. R. M., and also the A. O. U. W. In the 
month of June, 1885, he was married to Miss Gertrude Dietz, a native of Canada, and two 
children have blessed this union — Ingriffe D., and Gertrude Irene. Dr. and Mrs. Carson 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he is steward, and both are highly 
esteemed for their many estimable qualities. 

John J. Carriger. The constant change in the ownership of property in the growing 
city of Indianapolis, and on account of the loans being always made and released on it neces- 
sitates those who make the deals and standing between buyer and seller, loaner and lessee, the 
real estate agent, to be possessed of the best judgment and knowledge. Among the repre- 
sentative men who have embarked in this line of business perhaps the most capable are John 
J. Carriger & Co. John J. Carriger has had a wide and successful experience in real estate 
and is active in every measure advanced for the general good of the city. He is also deeply 
interested in the insurance business and has been unusually successful in this. Mr. Carriger 
is a native of the Hoosier State, born' in Boone County, near Jamestown, May 5, 1843, and his 
parents, George M. and Sarah D. (George) Carriger, were natives of Tennessee, the former 
born in Carter and the latter in Sullivan County. The parents celebrated their nuptials in 
their native State and in 1838 moved to Boone County, Ind., where they entered land. The 
father was the eldest of nine children, all now dead, and he passed to the silent majority 
March 10, 1891, when eighty-six years and nineteen days old. His wife still survives, 
and although over eighty years of age is in comparatively good health. He was one of the 
pioneers of Boone County and passed most of his life on the farm he had carved out of the 
wilderness. He was a prosperous tiller of the soil and became the owner of 700 acres of 
land that was divided among his children, touring the early days of Boone County Mr. 
Carriger farmed during the summer, but in the winter months taught school. The youth, 
ful days of our subject were passed on his father's farm and in attending the log cabin school 
where his father wielded the birch. On October 7, 1861, in company with his 
brother, Godfrey M., he enlisted in Company F, Fortieth Indiana Regiment as corporal, and 
while in camp at Lafayette was taken with measles. He returned home and as soon as well 
joined his regiment at Bardstown, Ky., and served continuously for three years and two 
months. He was in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Perry ville, Ky., Stanford, Ky., Silver 
Springs, Stone River and numerous other engagements. His regiment was foremost at the 
battle of Chattanooga and out of 125 days, ninety-seven days were passed under fire, in- 
cluding, besides the engagements already mentioned, Devil's Back Bone, Resaca, New 
Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Marietta, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, etc., 
and serving through the Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee campaigns. He was present at 
the battle of Franklin but did not take part, being released. He was never wounded but had 
several narrow escapes. His brother, Godfrey M., was taken sick at Corinth but was sent 
from there to Evansville, Ind., and there died. Arriving home on December 9, 1864, 



^-—/^^ <p -w^^^fj^-y 



7TTT ;,J~V vorx 
' < 1"^ * uY 



t vJ n*-^ 



-•.!< A ^ ^ 



<*v i r, * 



*' • j 






AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 97 

John J. was engaged in fanning with his father for one year and on Saturdays traded 
horses. Daring that year he relates he made $200 farming and $216 trading horses. On 
December 3, 1865, he went to Cincinnati, bought a stock of general merchandise and 
shipped the same to Jamestown where he engaged in business. He also carried on general 
trading in stock, grain and lumber, and until January 1, 1878, he shipped annually 600 or 
700 cars. About that time he came to Indianapolis and continued in the same line of busi- 
ness until 1883 when he engaged in the real estate business which he has continued 
successfully since. Mr. Carriger was one of the charter members of the Board of Trade, and 
at present he is one of the members of the real estate committee. The annual business of 
Mr. Carriger amounts to a quarter of a million per year, in trades, real estate and exchange. 
He is a member of the A. O. U. W. and has held all the offices of the subordinate lodge 
Prospect, No. 45. He is also a member of the Union Veteran League. Mr. Carriger 
selected his companion in life in the person of Miss Sarah F. Neff, a native of Hendricks County 
and daughter of Jacob and Augusta (Skinner) Neff, and their nuptials were celebrated Novem- 
ber 30, 1865. Six children have blessed this union: Theodore M. ; Myrtle and Gertrude, 
twins, the former deceased; Harry, deceased; Grace and Charles E. In his political views 
Mr. Carriger is a stanch supporter of Republican principles. 

J. E. Bell. Youth is not a bar to promotion, for the American people have learned 
that ability is not measured by the length of time a man has spent upon earth. Some men 
might live a thousand years and never know anything and others are bright and able to take 
their places among men long before they have arrived at mature manhood. The subject of 
our sketch belongs to the latter class, for he was bright at school, brilliant as a student of 
law and now that he is a member of the bar has a good practice, which rapidly increases 
from year to year. . J. E. Bell, the deputy city attorney of Indianapolis, was born in Union 
County, Ind. , November 28, 1865, being the son of John M. and Mary J. (Luse) Bell, 
natives, respectively, of Juniata County, Pen n., and of Butler County, Ohio. The father came 
to Indiana when about fifteen years old and settled at Billirigsville, Union County, where he 
learned the trade of a carpenter; but soon relinquished that and took up with farming, which 
he still follows. Still a resident of Union County, he is a very prominent man of that section, 
having represented the counties of Union, Franklin and Ripley in the State Legislature. The 
great-grandfather of our subject was a soldier in the war of the Revolution and was with 
Washington one winter at Valley Forge. Our subject is one of six children and was reared 
in Union County, attending the common schools of that county and the high school of Liberty; 
after which he attended the normal school, at Lebanon, Ohio, and finally, graduated from 
the law department of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1888. Brought up on the 
farm, he attended school during the winter and worked during the summer; at the age of 
seventeen, instead of being a pupil in the winter he tangbt school, and to the satisfaction of 
pupils and patrons. This he repeated for the next three winters. After graduating in 1888 
he went home and harvested his wheat crop and in the following fall he came to Indian- 
apolis, where he was a perfect stranger, not knowing a single soul in the whole city. Judge 
Swift, then judge of the circuit court of Union County, accompanied him and intro- 
duced him to John R. Wilson, the present county clerk into whose office he went for a few 
months, in order to get acquainted. Subsequently Mr. Bell opened an office and began the 
practice alone, and continued alone at No. 8 J North Pennsylvania Street (except during the 
session of the General Assembly of 1889 when he was reading clerk of the House of Repre- 
sentatives) until January, 1893, when he moved to the office of Ayres & Jones, being 
appointed by Mr. Jones as deputy city attorney. He was formerly under Leon O. Bailey, in 
the same position, but resigned it. Mr. Bell is very popular, having the happy faculty of 
making and holding friends. He is a member of the Masonic order and of the Odd Fellows, 
in both of which organizations he is greatly esteemed. Our subject was married in 1888 to 
Miss Anna L. Miller, who, as is her husband, is a member of the Tabernacle Presbyterian 
Church, he being a member of the Board of Deacons. Mr. Bell worked his own way through 
school and is in every sense of the word a self-made man. Every dollar he made while pur- 
suing his studies went to the defraying of his expenses and his sturdy self reliance and calm 
purpose, united with his signal ability, stamp him a man who cannot fail to make his way 
through life along paths that are high. 

7 



98 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Randall J. Abbams. The subject of our sketch has won his way alone and unaided to 
the position of honor and trust he recently held as city clerk of Indianapolis. He was born 
in Baltimore, Md. , September 22, 1857, and is the son of John and Ann (Condon) Abrams, 
natives of Yorkshire, England, and of Dublin, Ireland, respectively. The parents came to 
this country before their marriage, their union taking place in Baltimore. The father of 
our subject was a farmer and gardener while residing at Baltimore. The father came to 
Indianapolis in 1890 and now resides here. The maternal grandfather, Edward Condon, 
came to America, and settled at Baltimore at an early day, where he died at the age of 
ninety-three. The grandmother Condon (Elizabeth) died at the age of eighty-one. The 
subject of our sketch is one of eleven children, five of whom are living, namely: Ann, Ran- 
dall J., Belle, Charles and Wallace. Randall J. was reared at Baltimore, where he was 
educated in the public schools. Learning the sawmaker's trade, he served his full time 
and followed it until 1888, when he was appointed custodian of the State capitol, holding 
that position Until his election as city clerk, in October, 1891, which office he acceptably filled. 
Mr. Abrams came to this city an entire stranger, but now his friends are legion, for every 
one likes him. He is a popular member of the Knights of Pythias and a stanch and active 
supporter of the Democratic party in every contest. Our subject was married in February, 
1889, to Miss Ella M. Leeds, of this city, who, with her husband, is a member of the 
Baptist Church. 

Hon. Richabd W. Thompson was a native of Culpeper County, Va., born in June, 1809, 
and was descended from one of " the first families of Virginia." When twenty-two years 
old he emigrated to Indiana, taught a private school at Bedford, and later opened the Law- 
rence County Seminary. Subsequently he read law, was admitted to the bar in 1834, and 
the same year was elected to the State Legislature, and re-elected in 1838. In 1839 he was 
elected to the State Senate, and during his career as a State legislator not only displayed 
grea.t ability and foresight, but was instrumental in effecting very important legislation. 
Upon the resignation of Lieut. -Gov. Wallace, Mr. Thompson was president of the Senate 
pro tempore, and held the office of acting governor during the administration of Hon. Noah 
Noble. As a Whig he was nominated and elected to Congress in 1841 from the Second 
district, and declining a renomination moved to Terre Haute in 1843, where for nearly a 
half a century he was engaged in the practice of the law. In 1847 he was again nominated 
for Congress by the Whig party, and, accepting the nomination, was re-elected and became 
a national character because of his prominence in legislative matters. Although tendered 
the Austrian mission by Pres. Taylor in 1849, he declined the appointment, preferring 
to remain in his native country. During the war of the Rebellion he rendered the Union 
active and valuable services, was commandant of Camp Dick Thompson, near Terre Haute, 
and also served as provost marshal of the district. In 1867 he was elected judge of the 
Eighteenth Judicial District, but declined the candidature of a second term. For a number 
of years he lived in retirement, steadily refusing political preferment, and turning his attention 
to literary and educational pursuits, his large and valuable library affording him an ample field 
for study. In March, 1877, President Hayes appointed him to his cabinet as Secretary of 
the Navy, and so ably did he fill the duties of that position that he brought order out of 
chaos, simplified the duties of his subordinates, dismissed unnecessary employes, established 
his department on a sound basis and aaved several million dollars to the Government that 
had previously been frittered away. Mr. Thompson is one of the men whose name bears 
an imperishable imprint on the page of Indiana history. He is now in his eighty-fifth year, 
hale and hearty; he has been a participant in sixteen presidential campaigns, and on Sep- 
tember 3, 1893, made one of the ablest political speeches of his life, comprising six columns 
of newspaper print. 

Gov. James D. Williams, or more popularly known as " Blue- Jeans" Williams, repre- 
sented the old type of the true gentleman. He was not gifted with the polish that comes 
of a finished education, or that is usual in the case of public men. A Democrat of the 
Jeffersonian school in all that the term implies, a man of remarkable force of character, 
simple and unostentatious in his intercourse with his fellowmen, honest as the day was long, 
it is no wonder that "Blue- Jeans" Williams obtained a stronghold upon the hearts of the 
masses. He was born January 16, 1808, in Pickaway County, Ohio, moved with his par- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 99 

ent8 to Knox County, Ind. , when ten years old, was reared to bard work on the home farm, 
and was taught to believe that it was far better to be able to boast of his skill in plowing, 
clearing, splitting rails, swinging the cradle and the like, than it was to boast of his educa- 
tion. As a consequence his schooling was of a very meager character; but what he lacked 
in this respect was modified to a considerable extent by desultory readings, and in his in- 
tercourse with men of learning. When twenty years old his father died, and the care of 
the family devolved upon him, and three years later occurred his marriage with Nancy 
Huffman. When thirty one years of age he began his public career by becoming a justice 
of the peace, but in 1843 resigned and was elected to the State Legislature. From 1843 to 
1874 Mr. Williams was almost continually in the Legislature of the State, either as Repre- 
sentative or Senator. In the year last mentioned he was elected to represent his district in 
Congress, was made chairman of the committee on accounts of the House, and while not 
making a brilliant record in his one term as Congressman, he gave a thoroughly able and 
honest representation. In 1876, much to his surprise, he became the nominee of the 
Democracy of the State for the Governorship of Indiana. It was in this campaign that his 
opponents made sport of his homespun clothes and plain appearance, and obtained for him 
the sobriquet of "Blue- Jeans." It was one of the most remarkable campaigns of this 
most remarkable country, and is comparable to the " Tippecanoe and Tyler too," and the 
Lincoln-Douglas elections. Mr. Williams was elected by over 5,000 votes over Gen. 
Benjamin Harrison, ex-President of the United States, and served four years. 

A. A. Young. The business of the merchant is not only one that may be the road to 
success, but, what is better, in this country, certainly, it is one of the most honorable of 
avocations and those engaged in it are, as a class, composed of the very ablest and brightest 
of the land. It is the way to social distinction, to wealth and to fame, if one wishes the 
latter. In the list of worthy and honorable business men of Indianapolis, that of our sub- 
ject appears as one in every way entitled to the confidence and the esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens. He is a member of the city council from the third ward and was born in Johnson 
County, Ind., April 5, 1852. Mr. Young is the son of Jesse and Sarah (Demaree) Young, 
who came to Indiana at an early day and settled in Johnson County, where the father car- 
ried on a farm. He now lives at Des Moines, Iowa, retired from active pursuits. He has 
been a member of the Legislature of Iowa and held other official positions. He is the father 
of four sons, all living, and a daughter dead. The names of the sons are: William S., of 
Franklin, Ind.; Joseph B., of Blackhawk, Colo.; Noble W., a farmer of Monona County, 
Iowa, and Archibald A., our subject. William S. was a soldier in Company F, Seventh 
Indiana, and lost a leg at Cedar Mountain. The subject of our sketch was taken by his 
parents to Fairfield, Iowa, when but an infant. He remained here until he was fifteen, but 
was deprived of an education, because of constant, chronic illness. At the age of fifteen he 
left Iowa and returned to Franklin, Ind., with his brother, William S., and went to school 
during the winter, working on the farm during the summer. Afterward he attended two 
terms of Franklin College. This is all the schooling that he received and it will be seen that 
he is a self-taught, as he is a self-made man. What schooling he received he had to pay for 
and at the age of seventeen he entered the dry goods store of R. V. Ditmers, of Franklin, 
with whom he remained until the fall of 1872, when he came to Indianapolis and was em- 
ployed in what was then known as the People's Store, conducted by W. M. Davis. Here he 
remained until the fall of 1876, when the firm went out of business. He then took service 
with L. S. Ayres & Co., in May, 1877, with whom he remained until February, 1893, when 
he organized the firm of Young, Dildim & McMurray, merchant tailors, at Nos. 12 and 14 
North Meridian Street. This firm carries a very large and fine stock of goods and are first- 
class tailors. Mr. Young was elected a member of the city council in October, 1891, and has 
served his constituents most acceptably, at the same time working faithfully for the interests 
of the city. Prior to his election he made the race for alderman from the second district, 
but was unsuccessful. Mr. Young believes in social organizations and is a member of the 
K. of P. and of the R. A. Our subject was married in 1877 to Miss Georgia A. Sloan, and 
this union has been blessed with three sons: Howard S., Ralph A. and Byron C, all prom- 
ising and interesting lads. Mr. and Mrs. Young are members of Tabernacle Presbyterian 
Church, of which he is a deacon. He is a stanch Republican and treasurer of the Republican 



2m 2f )3 



100 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

County committee. Mr. Young has a number of interests in the city, being secretary of the 
Illinois and Seventh Streets Savings and Loan Association, treasurer of State Loan and Sav- 
ings Association League and a member of the Commercial Club. He enjoys the fullest con- 
fidence of all who know him and is a reliable business man in every sense of the term. 

Peter Sindlinger. As a wholesale and retail dealer in meats in Indianapolis there is 
not one who has a more enviable reputation for promptness, enterprise and honesty than 
Peter Sindlinger, whose establishment is located at 207 West Michigan street, and has been 
in successful operation since 1878. His trade has already grown to immense proportions and 
he does a well-known annual business of over $ 100, 000. His ice house, packing house and 
other buildings occupy ground 200x300 feet, all of which improvements were made by Mr. 
Sindlinger at a cost of $25,000, in addition to which he has a slaughter house at the Union 
Stock Yards, a plant which cost $7,000. He has two retail stalls for meats at the city 
market, and two large wholesale wagons are kept constantly busy disposing of his goods 
throughout the city. Mr. Sindlinger is a product of the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
was born on Christmas day, 1852, a son of Gotleib and Eva (Spitzfaden) Sindlinger, who 
came from Germany, which country has given to America some of its best citizens. The 
father was brought to this country by his parents at about the age of one year, and in the 
"City of Brotherly Love" he was reared and educated. Upon embarking in business for 
himself it was as a meat merchant, a calling he followed successfully for several years. This 
business he continued to follow for some time after locating in Cincinnati, from which place 
he later enlisted in the Mexican War. He was wounded in one of the leading battles and 
while in the service contracted rheumatism which resulted in his death November 19, 1881. 
He came to Indianapolis in 1862 and at one time was a member of the city council from the 
old fifteenth ward. He was one of the enterprising business men of the place and success- 
fully conducted a meat market until his death. Peter Sindlinger was a lad when his parents 
came to Indianapolis, and although he attended school until he was twelve years of age, he 
was then obliged to go to work and commenced learning the butcher's trade in his father's 
establishment, and so thorough was his training and so intelligent was he in acquiring an 
insight into the business that he decided to make it his chief occupation through life and 
time has shown the wisdom of his choice. His success has been assured from the start for 
he has exercised the utmost good judgment at all times and has ever been at the helm to 
guide his bark of business into smooth and profitable waters. He is of a genial and social 
disposition and belongs to the Masonic and Knights of Pythias fraternities and to the 
Butchers' Association. He was married January 8, 1878, to Miss Emma F. Kuhn, a native 
of Indianapolis and a daughter of Charles J. and Fredericka S. (Reinert) Kuhn, and to their 
union three children have been given: Mamie, Frieda and William. Mr. Sindlinger and his 
family are members of the German Lutheran Church and in political matters he has always 
affiliated with the Democrat party. 

Martin J. Murphy. The subject of our sketch is a young man under forty, who has 
trusted to his own strong arm and his healthy brain and has not been disappointed. Martin 
J. Murphy began life without capital and his privileges were somewhat limited, but a 
steady purpose to do with his might what was in sight has brought him forward until he is 
now a councilman-at-large and president of the city council of Indianapolis. Mr. Murphy 
was born at Madison, Ind., October 25, 1853, and is the son of Martin and Catharine (Cos- 
grove) Murphy, natives of Ireland, who came to America before their marriage, about the 
year 1851, and were married at Madison. The father died at Indianapolis in 1873, and the 
mother iu Kentucky about the year 1868. They were the parents of five children, four of 
whom are living, our subject being the eldest. He was reared at Madison and attended the 
school of the Catholic Sisters until he was thirteen, after which he went to the public semi- 
nary two terms and then, when less than fourteen, started out to make his own living. 
Without a single doubt as to the result he began at day labor, being employed on the grad- 
ing of the Louisville, Cincinnatti & Lexington Short Line and on the Shawueetown & 
Edgewood Railroad, his work being the driving of horses, for which he received very 
small wages, but he contrived to get enough to eat. About the year 1870 he came to 
Indianapolis and worked for a season in the wheel factory. Subsequently he ran on the 
Indiana, Bloomington & Western Railroad, being a fireman for about four years and 






A 3T0H. - T|0 nS. 



T»WO 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 101 

worked as an engineer, and went oat with the strike of 1877. Following this he went 
to work in the rolling-mill and thence to Lafayette, Ind., where he was an engineer in 
the hominy mills for some time, and then returned to Indianapolis and went to work in 
the car works. Later he was in the service of the Electric Light Company, and then, in 
1888, he entered the office of the County Auditor and was a deputy for nearly five years. 
In April, 1892, he entered into the undertaking business with Mr. Callier, under the firm 
name of Callier & Murphy, located at No. 59 West Maryland Street. Our subject was 
elected to the City Council as a member at- large in October, 1891, having served for the 
two years previons as a councilman from the thirteenth ward, being first elected in 
October, 1889. He was nominated by the Democratic caucus for president of the council 
during his first term, but was defeated by a combination of Republicans, and of Demo- 
crats who did not attend the caucus of the party. He was elected president of the coun- 
cil -at -large at the first meeting of the council, and has served as sach since January, 1892. 
Mr. Murphy is a member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, and is a man of social 
impulses and personally very popular. He was married in 1875, and his wife died in 1890, 
leaving two children: Mamie and Dolly, who are at St. John's Academy. Mr. Murphy is 
one of the solid and representative men of the city, who owes his prominence to his own 
ability and to the help of no one but himself. 

Charles H. Adam. The name of Charles H. Adam is a familiar one in the railroad as 
well as of the political circles of Indianapolis, he being a trusted employe in the former and 
a faithful follower in the latter. He is treasurer of the School Board of the city, and the city 
passenger and ticket agent of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad, and was born at 
Bueckeburg, Germany, November 7, 1860. Our subject is the son of William C. andDoretta 
(Tieste) Adam, who came to this country in 1866, landing at New York City and coming 
direct to Indianapolis, where they now reside. They are the parents of eight children, seven 
of whom are living, our subject being the eldest of the family. , He was but six years old 
when he came here, and he received his education in the public and the German schools of 
this city, finishing with a full course in a business college, graduating from it at the age of 
seventeen. Starting out to learn the trade of a baker he grew tired of it in less than a year 
and gave it up. After trying a number of things he secured a position with the Burdsal 
wholesale paint and glass house as shipping clerk, and held it for three years. He was then 
employed at the Union Station ticket office, and in 1889 was made ticket agent of the Cin- 
cinnati. Hamilton & Dayton Railroad at the corner of Kentucky Avenue and Illinois Street, 
where he is still stationed. In June, 1892, he was elected a member of the School Board, 
and was elected treasurer of that body in the following month. Beside this position he is 
secretary of the Southeastern Building & Loan Association. Mr. Adam is a member of the 
the K. of P., and is highly esteemed in that order. He was married in 1884 to Miss 
Josephine Jose, of this city, who has borne him one son, Carl. Mr. Adam is a member of 
the German Lutheran Church, and since his eighteenth birthday has been a member of the 
Indianapolis Maennerchor, the pioneer singing society of this city; he has served on the 
executive board in this society for the past ten years. In politics be is an uncompro- 
mising Democrat, and his voice and vote are always cheerfully used for the advancement of 
the interests of the party. Mr. Adam at one time sold papers on the street, and paid his 
tuition in the German school by serving as janitor of the building, From these beginnings 
he has risen to his present influential and dignified position. 

Henbv J. Brown. Age has not laid its dignifying hand upon our subject, but the weight 
and responsibility of many of the local positions of Franklin Township have been assigned to 
him because of his peculiar fitness as a man of ability and rare judgment. He is an intelli- 
gent and enterprising young business man, and a native of this county, his birth having oc- 
curred in New Bethel. April 3, 1853. His educational advantages were received inthecom- 
mon schools there and in the Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio. Leaving school at the age 
of nineteen years he returned to New Bethel, Ind. , and assisted his father to till the soil for 
about a year. From there he went to Denver, Colo. , remained there for about four months 
and then returned to New Bethel where he began clerking for James D. Bromley in a gen- 
eral store. A year or so later he bought a half interest, and about one year later he and Al- 
bert Helms bought out Mr. Brumley, after which time the firm was conducted under the title 



102 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

of Brown & Helms for about two years. In 1880 Mr. Brown bought out his partner and has 
carried on the business alone ever since. He now owns a large two-story frame building and 
this is filled with his stock. In his political views Mr. Brown affiliates with the Democratic 
party and is active in his support of its platform and principles. In 1890 he was elected 
trustee of Franklin township for four years, but owing to a change of law he will hold that posi- 
tion until August, 1895. Mr. Brown is a member of the I. O. O. F., Acton Lodge, and a 
charter member of the Acton Lodge, K. of P. He served as vice chancellor of the 
latter organization, but resigned the position on account of business. For some time he has 
held membership in the Baptist Church. In the year 1877 he was married to Miss Flora 
Schooley, daughter of Thomas Schooley, of Indianapolis, and two children have been given 
them, Ernest T., born in 1880 and Raymond A., born in 1885. The father of our subject is 
Dr. S. M. Brown. 

Henry F. Barnes, M. D. The profession of medicine, while a very inviting field for 
the student and the humanitarian, is one that demands much self denial and the exercise 
of repression and the sacrifice of the ordinary methods of advancing one's interests. It 
has been urged, and with great show of reason, that these causes explain the exalted char- 
acter and the superior virtues that so strongly characterize the profession the country over. 
In other words, the self-abnegation demanded for the truly successful man in this profes- 
sion is such that good men only are willing to assume the duties and responsibilities of such 
a life. The city of Indianapolis is peculiarly fortunate in the personnel of its practioners, 
the ethical code being maintained at the highest possible standard, and the individual 
members being gentlemen of culture and refinement, and physicians of repute and emi- 
nence. In the number the name of Dr. Henry F. Barnes appears most prominent, his 
attainments in his profession, his courteous treatment of his brethren, the success he has 
attained in the practice, and his broad and considerate and devoted care of those who require 
his professional services, all combining to give him an enviable distinction among physi- 
cians and a deserved popularity with the public. Especially does he have the confidence of 
those who have had his presence in the sick chamber and have observed how devoted his 
care of those who suffer. Dr. Barnes has passed his sixtieth year, yet his natural vigor 
has not abated, and he practices with all the zeal, enthusiasm and sympathy for suffering 
that stamped him thirty years ago. Henry F. Barnes, M. D., of Indianapolis, was born 
at Orleans, Ind. t August 11, 1829, being the son of Dean Barnes, who was born near Lex- 
ington, Ky., and was a pioneer trader, merchant and hotel keeper of Springville, Lawrence 
County, Ind., shipping produce for forty miles around that place, in flatboats, to New 
Orleans. The father of our subject was a justice of the peace for thirty years and served 
two terms as treasurer of Lawrence County. He married Mahala Athon, a native of 
Rockbridge County, Va., and a daughter of Judge Joseph Athon, a teacher of the higher 
branches of mathematics at Washington City, in the latter part of the eighteenth cent- 
ury. Dean Barnes and his wife are dead, the former passing away at Mitchell, Ind., 
in 1873, from the effects of being removed from a burning hotel, in which he was confined 
to his bed from an attack of pneumonia at the time the fire broke out. He was a success- 
ful business man and acquired a large amount of property, most of which he lost by going 
security. The paternal grandfather of Dr. Barnes, Henry Barnes, was a pioneer settler 
of Xenia, Ohio, and was captain of light horse cavalry at Fort Meigs during the War of 
1812. He was afterward a successful business man at Xenia, having acquired a snug fort- 
une, and he died at the age of eighty-seven. The ancestors of the maternal grandfather 
of Dr. Barnes, Joseph Athon, came from Scotland about the middle of the seventeenth 
century and were relatives of Lord Fairfax, and the late Dr. James S. Athon, at one time 
Secretary of State of Indiana, was a descendant of the same. Our subject was about two 
years old when his parents settled in Springville, Lawrence County, where he remained 
and was reared, receiving a common- school education. He was for a number of years 
engaged with his father buying stock and selling the same at Green Bay, Wis., which was 
on the frontier at that time, and the youth was frequently brought into contact in the way 
of trade with the Indians, whom, however, he always found peaceful. At the age of seven- 
teen he entered the Union School, of Xenia, Ohio, taking an eight months' course, and was 
chosen valedictorian of his class. Following this, he remained at home for a few weeks, 






ASTOR, LENOX ANO 
TiLOtH-fOUHOATlONS^ 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 103 

then went to Greencastle and took an irregular scientific course and languages in what was 
koown as Asbury University. At the age of nineteen he began the study of medicine in 
the office of Dr. James S. Athon, at Charleston, Ind. , matriculating afterward at Jefferson 
Medical College, where he took two courses of lectures and graduated in the class of 1854, 
having previously, in 1853, graduated from the Edward Parish College of Pharmacy. 
Daring the second course he practiced medicine in Philadelphia, and at New Washington, 
Ind. , between the first and second courses, making sufficient money to carry him through 
the medical college. He is a self-made man, finding it necessary to earn the money which 
procured him his literary and professional education. After graduating he settled at Bed- 
ford, Ind. , and entered upon the practice with Dr. Winthrop Foote, a leading practitioner 
of southern Indiana. In the fall of 1854 circumstances called Dr. Barnes to Paoli, Ind., 
where he practiced until the fall of 1855. In September, 1855, he was chosen senior phy- 
sician at the Indiana Hospital for the Insane, now the Central, having special charge of the 
female department, and was elected for six consecutive years. At the end of that time he 
entered upon a large and lucrative practice in Indianapolis. When the great battle of 
Pittsburgh Landing was in progress, Dr. Barnes was commissioned by Gov. Morton as one 
of the additional surgeons to the Eleventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry, commanded by 
Gen. Lew Wallace, and was detailed to Shiloh Hospital after that battle, in addition to 
serving the Eleventh, and rendered most efficient aid while down there. Upon his return to In- 
dianapolis he at once resumed the practice, and enjoyed a large and very lucrative income. 
In 1870, at the solicitation of a number of friends, he removed to Louisville and at once 
entered upon a very gratifying practice, which continued until 1877, when, his old preceptor 
and partner, Dr. James S. Athon, dying, he was induced to return to Indianapolis, where 
he found a most satisfactory practice, which has continued to the present time. In 1865 
Dr. Barnes was appointed by the commissioner of pensions at Washington, D. C, a pension 
surgeon, a position he held until 1869. In the years that have passed since leaving the 
insane hospital service he has been chosen by the courts of this and other States to give 
expert testimony where the plea of insanity has been set up and has received the largest 
possible fees for that service. Prior to the Doctor's removal to Louisville, he was one of 
the founders of the Indianapolis Academy of Medicine, and one of a committee of three to 
establish a fee bill for the government of the physicians of Indianapolis and vicinity. He 
was also an active member of the Indiana State Medical Society. After his location at 
Louisville, in 1870, he became an active member of the Medico Chirurgical Society of 
Louisville, was a member of the Kentucky State Medical Society and an honorary member 
of the Ohio State Medical Society. He was the author of "A Discussion of Insanity from 
a Medico-Legal Standpoint," for the Kentucky State Medical Society, and an article enti- 
tled "Cerebral Congestion, " for the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Louisville, both of which 
were published in the Richmond and Louisville Medical Journal, and highly eulogized by 
the profession generally. The Doctor has produced many other able articles of importance 
during his professional career. About ten years ago Dr. Barnes was elected president of 
the Life and Endowment Association of Indiana, one of the largest and best insurance 
companies of its kind in the State, and has held that position, with the exception of one 
year, ever since. In the year 1868 he was at the head of the Democratic ticket for the 
office of State senator from the Indianapolis district, and came near being elected, in the 
face of nearly 2,000 majority of the opposing party, in this county alone, one of his asso- 
ciates on the Democratic ticket being 1,900 votes behind. In the same year he was made a 
member of the State Central Committee, for the central district of Indiana, serving two 
years efficiently. Dr. Barnes makes a specialty of diseases of the mind and nervous system, 
including the liquor and opium habit, etc., and is an expert and leading physician and sur- 
geon, being universally recognized as such by the profession and by the people of Indianap- 
olis. He combines with a rare knowledge of his profession pleasant and agreeable manners 
and a broad and conscientious charity. Dr. Barnes was married in 1863 to Mrs. Fannie R. 
Seabolt, and again in 1880, to Margaret V. Merl, who died of consumption December 18, 
1890, leaving three children, namely, Pearl A., Beatrice M. and Hattie F., all of them bright, 
intelligent and most interesting children, who would attract attention anywhere on account 
of their sweet and winning ways. Recently the Doctor was induced on account of their 



104 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

health to take them on an extended tour of 15,000 miles, through the Southern States, Cal- 
ifornia, Mexico, Utah, Colorado and other Western States and Territories, and on his return 
visiting the World's Fair at Chicago. Dr. Barnes has all the zeal and energy and studious 
and investigating spirit that inspired him a quarter of a century ago. While conservative 
and prudent, he is at the .same time progressive and active in promoting measures calculated 
to keep the profession in full touch with the spirit and genius of the age. Blessed with 
good health, and in possession of an active and vigorous mind, and enjoying a very lucrative 
practice, Dr. Barnes may be truly said to have made a most decided success of his life, as 
well as having good reason to look forward to many years of further usefulness in his profes- 
sion. The Doctor's only living sister, Mrs. Virginia A. Williams, is residing at Indianap- 
olis. She is a lady of much dignity and personal beauty, and possessed of many accom- 
plishments. He has two brothers, J. D. and William A. Barnes, worthy gentlemen respect- 
ively of Abilene and Olcott, Kan. 

Hon. David Turpie, one of the present senators from Indiana in the United States Con- 
gress, is justly recognized as a man of superior ability and one of the foremost lawyers of 
the State. After receiving a good practical education he studied law, was admitted to the 
bar at Logansport, Ind., in 1849, was appointed judge of the Common Pleas -Court in 1854 
and in 1856 was elected to the bench of the Circuit Court. In 1853, and again in 1858, he 
was elected to the lower house of the State Legislature. In 1863 he was elected United 
States senator to succeed Gov. Joseph A. Wright, and after the expiration of his term was 
engaged in the practice of his profession in Indianapolis. He also served Marion County 
in the State Legislature several terms, and the session of 1874-75 was elected speaker. In 
1878 he was appointed one of the three commissioners selected to revise the laws of Indiana, 
and as such served three years. In 1886 he received the appointment from President Cleve- 
land of United States district attorney for the State of Indiana, serving as such until March, 
3, 1887. He was elected to his present seat of United States senator February 2, 1887, 
and the day following his retirement from the United States marshalship witnessed his induc- 
tion to a membership in the highest legislative body of our land. Judge Turpie is not only 
a Democrat in the highest political sense of the word, but is a Democrat in the widest 
acceptation of the term. Of unquestioned ability, a ready debater, a fluent orator, he stands 
to-day among the foremost men of the State. 

Milton H. Daniels. One of the most positive truths taught by modern science is that 
mental and physical qualities are hereditary in man and this statement of fact is as old as 
Moses, who declared that the generations to come should feel the influence of the father's 
actions. The subject of our sketch is descended from a worthy ancestry and owes his vigor 
of body and his strong mentality to his parents and his parents' parents. He was born in 
Grove, now called Groveland, Allegany County, N. Y., August 3, 1837; being the son of 
Dr. William and Betsy (Baldwin) Daniels, of Germantown, N. Y., and of Woodbridge, 
Conn., respectively; the father being of Welsh and the mother of English descent. The 
great-grandmother of our subject on the father's side was the sister of that sturdy philoso- 
pher and august statesmen, Benjamin Franklin. This family settled in Massachusetts at an 
early day, some of them also going to Vermont. The great-grandfather on the father's 
side was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and was killed near Worcester, Mass., toward 
the close of that protracted struggle. The maternal grandmother was a cousin of Gen. 
Wooster. The paternal grandfather, George Daniels, was a farmer, who lived at German- 
town Flats, where he also died. The maternal grandfather, Maj. Baldwin, was a soldier of 
the War of 1812, and died at the age of forty. He was a carpenter by trade and a very 
skillful user of tools as well as a very good manager. The father of our subject was a phy- 
sician and graduated at the Fairfield Medical College of New York; was married in 1830, 
located at Grove, N. Y., and two years after moved to Warehouse Point, Conn., where he 
died January 11, 1842. The mother of our subject died at the age of fifty-three while the 
Civil War was in progress. She and her husband were the parents of four children, two of 
whom are living, namely: Milton H.. our subject, and William L.,of Minneapolis. Milton H. 
Daniels was reared in Warehouse Point and Danbury, Conn., until he was twenty-one years 
of age, receiving his education at the Academy. He was brought up in the mercantile busi- 
ness an(\ proved himself a very level-headed young man, with decidedly enterprising meth- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 105 

ods. The sound of war stirred him to the very soul and his whole being was exercised on 
behalf of the Union. At the very outbreak, in April, 1861, he enlisted in Company I, 
Third Regiment Connecticut Volunteer Infantry, as a corporal, serving three months. He 
took part in the disastrous battle of Bull Run, and in August, 1861, at the expiration of his 
term of enlistment he re-enlisted, entering Company E, of the Seventh New York Northern 
Black Horse Cavalry, under Col. A. J. Morrison, of Troy, N. Y., and served until the following 
March, when the company was mustered out. In July, 1862, he and Capt. James E. Moore 
raised a company known as Compauy C, of the Seventeenth Connecticut Infantry, and our sub- 
ject went out as a first lieutenant. At the battle of Gettysburg Capt. Moore was killed and 
Lieut. Daniels was commissioned captain of the company, serving as such until March, 
1864, when he resigned on account of suffering from the effects of a wound received at the 
siege of Charleston by the explosion of a shell. Going to Florida he remained until July, 
1874, being employed as a bookkeeper there for M. W. Drew, of Jacksonville. Previous to 
this, however, he had served as clerk of the court at Enterprise, Volusia County, Fla. Dur- 
ing the latter part of his stay in Florida he was engaged in the boot and shoe business, but 
he finally became dissatisfied with the South, and July 29, 1874, he came to Indianapolis 
and for two years was agent for the Protective Life Insurance Company of Chicago. At 
the expiration of this time he engaged in the real estate business at No. 16J East Washing- 
ton Street for a period of two years, after which for four years he was with the Sun and 
Globe and was secretary of the State Central Greenback Committee. During the next eight 
years he was in the pension business, or pension attorney. In April, 1892, he was elected a 
justice of the peace, and is serving in that capacity at the present time. Capt. Daniels is a 
lover of social life and the companionship of his fellows, being a member of a number of 
organizations, among which are the Masonic order, the order of Chosen Friends, the Grand 
Army of the Republic and the Golden Chain. He was married in 1858 to Amanda M. Hos- 
kins, of Clarksville, Otsego County, N. Y., who died at Port Orange, Fla., February 2, 1869, 
leaving one child, William Hoskins Daniels, who lives near Cooperstown, N. Y. Capt. Dan- 
iels was married again June 13, 1877, to Charlotte S. Warren, of Marlboro, Mass., who is a 
member of the Protestant Episcopal Church and a most popular member of the large circle 
of estimable people among whom she moves. Capt. Daniels is a man of strong convictions 
upon all the leading social and political issues of the day and has the courage to voice his 
sentiments when the occasion demands it. At the same time he has great respect for those 
who differ with him, and among the number of his hosts of particular friends are men of all 
religious and political views. 

Benjamin C. Shaw. The subject of this sketch is a worthy and highly esteemed citizen 
and an ex-soldier, who made for himself a most enviable record during the war between the 
States of the Federal union. Benjamin C. Shaw, adjutant general of that noble organization, 
the Union Veteran Legion, is a native of the Buckeye State, having been born at Oxford, 
Ohio, February 3, 1831. He comes of a most worthy stock, being the son of Joseph and 
Sarah (Serring) Shaw, the father being a native of North Carolina and the mother of Cin- 
cinnati, being the first female child born in that place. The grandfathers of our subject 
were patriots and soldiers of the Revolutionary War, the paternal grandfather being a 
native of Ireland, who settled in the Old North State and married a Graham, a member of 
the family which has supplied so many illustrious public men of that name in North 
Carolina. The Serring family came from England and settled in New Jersey, locating at 
Cincinnati in 1795, where they lived in peace and enjoyed the confidence and esteem of 
their neighbors and friends. The father of our subject was a hatter by trade, having 
learned it in the celebrated "Beard's" factory in his native State. At the outbreak of the 
War of 1812 he enlisted in the Light Horse Cavalry and was one of the heroes of that 
devoted band. When the war was over he, with five others, rode on horseback from 
his mountain home in Carolina to the then struggling village of Cincinnati, where he 
followed his trade for a short time and then became a contractor on the Miama Canal; 
afterward building a part of the Codrein pike, from Oxford to Cincinnati. Finally he gave 
up the business of a contractor and his last years were spent upon a farm near Oxford, 
Ohio, where he died in 1845; his wife surviving until November, 1884. He was the father 
of ten children, only two of whom are living, namely: Mrs. Mary A. Woodard and Benja- 



106 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

min C, our subject; the sister living in Jasper County, Ind. Our subject was reared upon 
a farm uutil he was eighteen years old, attending the public schools of the district, where he 
received such instruction as they were able to afford, which was somewhat primitive. He 
now felt the necessity of doing something on his own account and, in February, 1848, went 
to Greensburg, Decatur County, Ind., where he began the trade of wagon -making, which 
he learned and followed until the outbreak of the Civil War, when, fired with prtriotic zeal, 
he was in the ranks with the first of the volunteers, enlisting April 18, 1861, in Company F, 
Seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry. This was the first regiment that made an assault upon 
the Confederates, and our subject made the detail which carried the first wounded officer of 
the command, Col. B. F. Kelley, off the field, the colonel being in command of the First 
Virginia Regiment. He and his men captured the Confederate Gen. Porterfield's baggage 
wagon, including his personal effects, and also his official papers. Immediately after this 
engagement our subject was appointed provost marshal and with his company was detailed 
to take charge of Philippi, the first town captured during the war, and being in Barbour 
County, W. Va. Col. Shaw, our brave subject, captured all of the baggage and other wagons 
of the enemy at the battle of Carrick's Ford, with a force of but thirty men, in July, 1861, 
the colonel being at this time a lieutenant. The first company that tendered its services to 
Jefferson Davis was composed of cadets, students at a college at Augusta, Ga., and of these 
our subject captured thirteen, and for his services in this battle he received the warm thanks 
and praise of Col. E. Dermont, of the Seventh Indiana. These events transpired in the 
three months' service, the enlistment being for that period, and our subject being a lieuten- 
ant at that time. At the expiration of his term he promptly re-enlisted in the Seventh 
Indiana, and went out for three years as captain of Company G, and was promoted to the 
rank of major, after the battle of Greenbrier, in November, 1861, in which he bore a very 
brave part. During the first battle of Winchester, March 3, 1862, at a crisis in this hot and 
fierce contest he was requested to command the Third Brigade of Shields' Division. Acting 
with the promptness that the occasion demanded, Col. Shaw ordered the First Virginia 
Infantry to move by right flank and forward to a stone fence; then ordered the Seventh Ohio 
and the Seventh Indiana to deploy column and assault the Confederate battery immediately in 
front. During the giving of these orders his horse was shot five times, and being a powerful 
animal it struggled violently and dashed Maj. Shaw against a tree, lacerating his left lung, 
which formed a cicatrice and from which he has not fully recovered. Falling upon some 
" nigger head " stones at the base of the tree his spinal column was wrenched, causing a 
total paralysis aud he was supposed to be dead for more than an hour. At dusk, however, 
two soldiers passing among the heaps of dead and wounded discovered him, when one said 
to the other: "This is Maj. Shaw, of the Seventh Indiana; let's get him out of these stones,'' 
at the same time seizing him by the shoulder and drawing him into shape, (hir subject 
aroused by this friendly action, declared he was not hurt much and directed that his horse 
be caught and he be placed upon it, for that if the Seventh Ohio and the Seventh Indiana 
did not capture the Confederate battery the day was lost. Poor fellow, while he lay there 
unconscious the two regiments had done the very thing he spoke of; but he was delirious 
and for twenty- four hours did nothing but rave, giving orders rapidly and in his fever fight- 
ing the enemy over and over again. His illness was near unto death and in June, 1862, he 
resigned and came home, when he organized the Sixty-eighth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, 
composed of more than 1,000 men and went out with this splendid command as lieutenant- 
colonel; having been tendered a colonel's commission, but declined it on account of his 
physical condition. In fact, he was a very great sufferer and nothing but the most sublime 
patriotism could have nerved him up to the endurance of the fatigues and hardships of 
service. As it was he was compelled to resign in 1863, June 1, the injuries received at the 
battle of Winchester rendering him incapable of further active work of any kind. Col. Shaw 
was a prisoner in the body of Bragg' s army for three days, when he was paroled and 
exchanged. In this brief time he got well acquainted with a number of the enemy and was 
known to them as the " protesting officer," who always would have his own way and would 
say what he pleased in the interests of his men. It was evident that his manner pleased 
them, for he was placed by Gen. Bragg in charge of the 4,200 paroled Union prisoners. 
After the regiment was exchanged and sent to the front it was made the infantry guard 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



107 



to convoy thirty seven boat-loads of provisions from Louisville to Nashville, up the Cumber- 
land River, Col. Shaw having charge of the left wing, rear guard, on the steamer, Fort 
Wayne. At Harpeth Shoals the rear boats were attacked by Gen. Forrest, and two of these 
signaled they were disabled, when Col. Shaw ordered them to prepare to lash themselves to 
the Fort Wayne, at the same time ording the remaining boats to proceed to Nashville, where 
they arrived at 10 p. m., he arriving fourteen hours later with the crippled ones and finding 
Gov. Andrew Johnson and Gen. Mitchell anxiously awaiting him with other officers, their 
fears being that he was captured. Col. Shaw made a brief verbal report that he had taken 
the disabled boats from Forrest and ran* away with them safely; but his arrival was hailed 
with great delight by the officials. On leaving the service our subject did so with a heavy 
heart, because his whole soul was wrapped up in the Union cause, and he burned to be at the 
front. By a special order Gen. Rosecrans detailed a chaplain to take care of him and bear 
him to his home. He went to Greensburg, his home, and sold out his business interests, 
being warned by his physicians that he could not possibly live. With deliberation and the 
courage that comes of duty honestly and faithfully discharged, he made all his preparations 
for the great change that must come to all. He arrived at Greensburg on the day of the 
county convention and was tendered the unanimous nomination for county auditor, but he 
declined it, although deeply impressed with the testimonial of the kind feeling of his neigh- 
bors and friends. In the fall of 1863 after he had, to the surprise of himself and friends, 
gained some strength he came to Indianapolis and engaged in the manufacture of carriages, 
a business he conducted for some time, but which he was finally compelled to retire from on 
account of the great depreciations from the 1873 panic. Col. Shaw was chairman of the 
Republican county committee of Decatur in 1860, and in 1867 was the nominee of the 
Workingmen's party for mayor of Indianapolis, but was defeated. Again, in 1870, he was 
a candidate of his party, this time for State senator, but was again defeated, the opposing 
party being too strongly in the majority. In the year 1874 he was nominated on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for State treasurer and was elected by over 17,000 majority, and was re-elected 
in 1876, serving two terms. He was made chairman of the Democratic State Central Com- 
mittee in 1878 and served one term, since which time he has not taken any active part in 
politics. Dnring the past few years he has spent his time very quietly, endeavoring to recover 
from a very serious attack of the grip. Col. Shaw takes a most lively interest, as all good 
citizens should, in all public affairs, and is a man of great public spirit and loyalty — to city, 
county, State and country. His time is now given chiefly to the management of the Union 
Veteran League. Beside being connected with this organization Col. Shaw is a Knight 
Templar, a member of the G. A. R. and of other bodies, in all of which he is recognized as a 
man of decided ability and a gentleman of refined and courteous manner, being just toward 
all and charitable in all things. He was married happily in 1850 to Elizabeth A. Coy, who 
bore him ten children, but three of whom are living, namely: Fannie, Ida and Edna. The 
life of Col. Shaw has been a very busy and useful one, notwithstanding his most serious 
bodily afflictions, which would have killed outright any man of less vital energy. He was a 
trustee of the Purdue University from 1873 to 1875. and served on the building committee 
of the same; was a director for two years on the City Belt Railway, and was a member of 
the Citizens' Executive Committee to arrange for the Twenty -seventh National Encampment 
of the G. A. R., and selected one of the seven citizens to expend the $75,000 donated for 
encampment purposes. In 1876 he was selected and appointed one of three expert judges 
on carriages, but the board expecting him to remain in Philadelphia through the six months 
of the Centennial Exposition he resigned the houor. Whatever Col. Shaw has been called 
upon to do he has always done it well and has received the approval of all for the fidelity with 
which he discharged the trusts and honors. Widely known throughout Indiana and else- 
where, he is held in the highest esteem aud is regarded as a man of unimpeachable 
integrity, honest in all his convictions and true to himself and his neighbors and everybody. 
He has been called upon to endure great bodily suffering, but he has borne his yoke uncom- 
plainingly and has gone ahead meeting the duties of life with a stout heart, unfalteringly 
doing whatsoever his hands found to do, in a sublime faith that all things work together for 
good to those who lead righteous lives. 



108 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

John R. Haynes, M. D. The subject of this sketch is one of the brightest, most 
advanced and popular representatives of the school of homeopathy in Indianapolis, and is 
in the enjoyment of a most lucrative practice as the result of his skill and success in the 
practice of medicine. Dr. Haynes has enjoyed the advantages of superior education, is a 
close observer of men and things, and has especially applied himself to a broad and com- 
prehensive knowledge of all things pertaining to his profession. He was born in Otsego 
County, N. Y., March 13, 1823, of most worthy and patriotic ancestry. His paternal 
grandparents, George N. and Lydia Haynes, were of German and English descent, respect- 
ively, and came to this country prior to the Revolutionary War, settling in New York. 
George N. Haynes served in the Continental army throughout the memorable struggle under 
George Washington and was major of a New York regiment. Returning home after the 
war, he devoted himself unremittingly to farming until his death, which occurred about the 
year 1822, his wife preceding him a few months. Of the six children, Samuel Haynes 
lived upon a farm in his native county in New York until his death, in 1845. He was the 
father of nine children (his wife being Olive Danley), our subject being one of these, and 
another, James, served in the late war, participating in many of the leading battles, and 
after the battles were over and the war ended, he died from the effects of exposure, etc., 
incident to that war. Our subject was reared in his native county, remaining upon the 
farm and attending school, until he was seventeen years old, at Otsego, when he entered the 
New York City University, from which he graduated in the classical and scientific course in 
the year 1844. Three years later he began the study of medicine at New York City and 
took two courses of lectures at the University of New York and finally graduated from the 
Eclectic Medical Institute at Cincinnati in 1849. He then located at Newport, Ky., where 
he carried on a general practice for about twelve years. In the year 1869 he came to 
Indianapolis and has followed the practice of his profession ever since. He is a member of 
the American Institute of Homeopathy and i^one of the originators of the Indiana Institute 
of Homeopathy, having been treasurer of the latter for fifteen years. The Doctor was one 
of the most active promoters of the H&hnemannian (International) Association. Dr. Haynes 
was married in 1847 to Miss Mary E. Ladd, a native of Pennsylvania, who had removed 
four years previously to Kentucky with her parents. The Doctor and his estimable wife are 
members of the Presbyterian Church, in which body they are held in the highest esteem. 
The Doctor and his wife have a wide circle of friends, and both of them display in the 
social circle those charms for which they are distinguished in the highest degree. The 
Doctor never takes a very active part in politics, but he is a sincere believer in the principles 
of the Republican party and always supports its candidates. He was one of the originators 
of the International Hahnemannian Association, where they admit nobody but pure and 
undefiled homeopaths. 

Hon. Caleb S. Denny. The subject of this sketch was born on a farm in Monroe County, 
Ind., May 13. 1850. His father, James H. Denny, was a native of Mercer County, Ky., and 
his mother. Harriet R. Littrell, was born in Boutetort County, Va. , in sight of the Natural 
Bridge. The parents of Mr. Denny lived for a number of years in Kentucky, but finally set- 
tled permanently in Indiana, being strongly opposed to slavery. When Caleb was three 
years old his father removed to Warrick County, Ind., where the family lived on a farm near 
the town of Boonville until the time of his father's death, in 1861. Mr. Denny received 
such edncation as the winter-term country schools of that locality provided up to the time of 
his father's death, when he was left alone with his mother on the farm, all of his brothers 
having gone to the war. When he was thirteen years of age the farm was rented and he 
was apprenticed to the tinner's trade, where he worked for one year. A select school having 
at that time been organized in Boonville by a teacher from the East, he got the consent of 
his mother and his boss to quit the trade and start to school. He succeeded in two years in 
preparing himself to enter the freshman class at Asbury (now DePauw) University, which he 
did in the fall of I860. Here he remained for two years, completing his sophomore year, 
at which time he was compelled to quit for lack of funds to proceed further. He taught 
school for one year, hoping to return and complete his college course at the end of that time, 
but receiving a proposition to come to Indianapolis as assistant State librarian, he accepted, 
and at the end of the term found himself twenty-one years of age, which he considered too 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 109 

old to re enter college. He therefore took up the study of law in Indianapolis, which he had 
to some extent prosecuted while teaching and while in the State library. He was admitted 
to the courts of Marion County the following year, and in 1873 to the Supreme Court of the 
State and the Federal Courts, being then twenty-three years of age. After practicing one 
year he was appointed deputy attorney -general of Indiana, where he remained until the fall 
of 1874, the election of that year having changed the political complexion of the State offices. 
He re entered the practice in Indianapolis and continued therein uninterruptedly until Janu- 
ary, 1882, at which time he entered upon the duties of. city attorney, having been elected to 
that office by the joint convention of the Common Council and Board of Aldermen for the 
term of three years. He received the caucus nomination of the Republican members over 
the incumbent, John A. Henry, Esq. , and several other prominent attorneys of the city, and 
at the election received twenty six votes, being all the Republican votes in said bodies, the 
Democratic members, being eight in all, casting their votes for Hon. Napoleon B. Taylor, now 
judge of the Superior Court of Marion County. At the end of this three years Mr. Denny was 
re-elected city attorney for another term, but at the end of one year was nominated for mayor of 
Indianapolis by the Republican convention held in the summer of 1885. The campaign of 
that year was the most remarkable in the history of the city. The Democrats nominated 
Thomas Cottrell, an old and well-known citizen, for mayor, on a "liberal " platform, which 
meant a lax enforcement of the saloon and gambling laws. The Republicans adopted a 
platform which declared in the strongest terms for a rigid enforcement of those laws and 
denounced the domination of the Liquor League. A campaign was made strictly upon that 
issue. Many of Dr. Denny's friends who were "liberally" inclined insisted that he must 
not stand upon the platform as made, citing to him a long line of party defeats on that issue. 
But in all his public utterances he declared that he did stand upon the platform squarely 
and preferred defeat rather than to swerve one inch upon that subject. He was elected and 
at the end of two years was unanimously renominated by his party and again elected by a 
largely- increased majority over a very popular young Democrat, Dr. George F. Edenharter. 
The issue was largely the same as the one two years before. Mr. Denny declined another 
nomination at the end of that term and engaged in the practice of his profession. The pecu- 
liar condition of city affairs in 1893 again induced him to become his party's choice for 
mayor in opposition to Mayor Sullivan. After a remarkable campaign he became mayor of 
Indianapolis again, the result of the election being a change of about 6,000 votes over the 
previous election. In 1874 he married Miss Carrie Lowe, the daughter of an old citizen of 
Indianapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Denny have three children. 

C. T. Bedford, M. D. There is no man more highly esteemed in the community than 
the family medical practitioner; and there is not among all the physicians of Indianapolis a 
physician who is held higher in the public favor than Dr. C. T. Bedford. This gentleman 
was born in Springboro, Warren County, Ohio, October 7, 1840, a son of Joseph A. and Amy 
(Collins) Bedford, of English descent but natives of Pennsylvania. Dr. Bedford received his 
early education in his native State. At the age of fifteen he came to Indianapolis and be- 
came a student in the public schools of the city. In July, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 
Eighth Indiana Infantry as a private, and served continuously until discharged September 
12, 1864, meantime being promoted to second sergeant. He participated in the battle of 
Pea Ridge, was at the siege of Vicksburg, took part in the Warfare at Jackson, Miss. , in the 
service from Vicksburg to Texas, in the Red River Campaign, in the fighting in Shenandoah 
Valley under Gen. Sheridan and in much incidental service. In 1872 Dr. Bedford began 
the study of medicine and in the spring of 1875 was graduated from the Physio- Medical Col- 
lege of Indiana. Immediately after he was elected professor of chemistry and toxicology 
and filled that chair about five years, when he was elected to the chair of obstetrics and 
diseases of women and children which he still occupies. He has been secretary of the fac 
ulty of this institution for the past twelve years, and is a member of the American Medical 
Society of Physio- Medical Physicians and Surgeons and the Indiana State Physio Medical 
Association in which he has filled all important positions. He has been for three successive 
terms a member of the city council and was appointed chairman of the committee on health 
and president of the city hospital board. He has had a large and increasing general prac- 
tice since 1875 and is regarded as one of the most successful and reliable physicians and sur- 



110 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

geons in the city. In 1885 he established the popular "Physio- Medical Drug Store* ' at the 
corner of Indiana Avenue and Ohio Street. This is the only concern of the kind in the 
United States, and besides its extensive retail trade does a wholesale business which reaches 
all parts of the Union. Dr. Bedford was married in 1865 to Miss N. P. Fink, a native of 
Ohio who was reared in Indiana. Her parents were William and Margaret (Toops) Fink, of 
German descent but natives of Pennsylvania. Dr. and Mrs. Bedford have had born to them 
four children, of whom only one — Bertie — is living. Pr. Bedford is an enthusiastic "Old 
Soldier/' as the veterans of the late war are called, and is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic and of the Union Veteran Legion of that grand organization. He is also iden- 
tified with the Royal Arcanun, the Chosen Friends and other similar organizations, and, as 
is also his wife, is a member of Robert's Park Church. While not in any sense of the terra, 
as it is usually applied, a politician, Dr. Bedford takes that interest in the public affairs of 
his city, State and country which may be expected in one who has risked his life for tbe 
maintenance of our national integrity. He affiliates with the Republican party, and is influ- 
ential in its local councils. As a citizen he is public spirited and helpful toward all public 
interests, for no man has the prosperity and well being of the great mass of his fellow citi- 
zens more nearly at heart than he. 

Hon. Robert W. McBride. The family of which Judge McBride is a distinguished 
member is of Scotch-Irish descent, and came to the United States soon after the Revolution- 
ary War, and previous to the War of 1812. Augustus, father of Robert W., was born in 
Ohio, and was there reared and married to Martha A. Barnes, also a native of Ohio, and of 
English descent. Some of these ancestors served as soldiers in the Revolutionary War. In 
the war with Mexico in 1846-47 Augustus McBride enlisted in the Seventh United States 
Infantry, aud was in the army of Gen. Scott in its campaign against the City of Mexico, 
participating in all the assaults on the various citadels guarding the national roads which led 
to the capital. After the triumphal occupation of tbe city by the army of Gen. Scott, and in 
February, 1848, Augustus McBride unfortunately died, and now lies buried in the land of 
the Montezumas. He left a widow and family to mourn his untimely death, and also left 
them a heritage of honor and patriotism. At the time of his father's death Robert W. McBride 
was about six years old, his birth having occurred in Richland County, Ohio, January 25, 
1842. He was therefore too young to realize his great loss or to be able to forecast the trials, 
struggles and self denials of the future without a father's guidance and care. But life was 
real and before him, and he was compelled to rely mainly on his own resources of body and 
mind. He attended the district school iu Ohio and in Iowa, and an academy once main- 
tained at Kirkville, Iowa. In 1859, when in his eighteenth year, having passed the local 
examination for teachers, he applied for and was given the task of teaching district school in 
Mahaska County, Iowa, and was so successful that he continued to follow this occupation for 
three years. It was now 1862, and a bloody war was upon the land, and all was confusion 
and uncertainty. In the autumn of this year Mr. McBride went to Mansfield, Ohio, where 
he accepted a position as clerk in the store of B. S. Runyan, and remained there about a 
year. On November 27,' 1863, he enlisted in the "Union Light Guards," an independent 
squadron of cavalry of picked men organized by Gov. David Tod, and was duly mustered in 
at Columbus. The men composing this fine squadron had been selected by the county 
military committees throughout the State, and Mr. McBride had been chosen to represent 
Richland County. Mr. McBride remained with the "Guards" for about six months, when 
he met with a severe accident, and was permanently disabled for active service, and has 
remained lame to this day. Upon his recovery from the accident he served on detached duty 
as clerk of a military commission, and later at the central guard house at Washington. In 
January, 1865, he was transferred to the war department and served as clerk under Lieut. - 
Col. Breck in the adjutant general's office until his company was mustered out of service, and 
honorably discharged September 14, 1865. Upon his discharge from the army he was 
promptly appointed to the clerkship in the office of .the quartermaster general, but he had a 
higher ambition than a subordinate position under the Government, and after a service as 
such for two months he resigned and returned to Mansfield. While yet a boy, aged sixteen, 
he had taken a fancy to the study of law and had, as opportunity would permit, studied 
the principal text-books of that profession. This study he continued while teaching and 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. Ill 

while in the service, so that when the war closed he had mastered the elements of law. 
The winter succeeding his return from the war he taught school in Richland County, but the 
next spring went to Waterloo, Ind., and engaged as clerk for R. M. & W. C. Lockhart. 
The next winter he again began teaching in Ohio, but before the term was over he received 
the appointment of enrolling clerk for the State Senate of Indiana, and served with credit 
until the Legislature adjourned. In April, 1867, he was admitted to the bar at Auburn, 
DeKalb County, and the following September formed a partnership for the practice with 
Hon. J. I. Best, with whom he was associated until July, 1869. He became associated with 
Joseph L. Morlan in the practice December 15, 1870, and so continued until the death of 
the latter in 1878, William H. Leas having been associated with them two years. Since 
1878 Mr. McBride has carried on the practice alone. As a lawyer he has become distin- 
guished throughout the State. Absolutely self made, he has left no stone unturned to 
become a master of his profession. Soon after he began the practice he acquired a high 
reputation as a practitioner of unusual ability, persistence, force and adroitness, and as a 
result rose rapidly to the top of his profession and enjoyed a large practice and the unbounded 
confidence of his fellow lawyers and the people. As an all-round lawyer he has probably no 
superior among the bar of northern Indiana. He is calm, dispassionate, eloquent, and all 
his arguments are firmly grounded upon legal and equitable principles, and hence, he always 
has great weight with the court. In 1882, so prominent had he become and so great was 
the confidence of his professional brethren in his sound sense, legal knowledge and personal 
honor, that he was elected judge of the thirty-fifth judicial circuit, comprising the counties 
of DeKalb, Steuben and Noble. When he entered upon the discharge of his judicial duties 
the business of the district, owing to the ill health of his predecessor, was two years behind 
and in a chaotic condition; but in a little more than a year, so hard did he work, the docket 
was cleared, and so remained until the end of his term. His decisions were noted for their 
fidelity to just principles and law, and few were ever reversed by the Supreme Court — never 
a criminal case. No other circuit judge of the State was more prompt in the discharge of 
his duties than Judge McBride. In 1890 he removed to Elkhart and the same fall was a 
candidate on the Republican State ticket for judge of the Supreme Court, but went down 
with the entire Republican ticket in defeat. On December 17, 1890, he was appointed 
judge of the Supreme Court by Gov. Hovey, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Judge Mitchell. He is a member of the board of trustees of DePauw University, and 
assisted in organizing the National Guard of the State, and was the first lieutenant-colonel 
of the Third Regiment of Infantry and is second colonel. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason, past eminent commander of Apollo Commandery, No. 19, at Kendallville, a member 
of the committee on grievances and appeals in the grand lodge, a member of the State 
Encampment of the G. A. R., and a member of the grand lodge of I. O. O. F. of K. of P., 
and the A. O. U. W. He is an enthusiastic student of the natural sciences, and is .one of the 
best, if not the best, ornithologist and botanist in northern Indiana, having pursued these 
studies as a recreation. He is also, and has been for more than twenty years, an active 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. On September 27, 1868, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Ida S., daughter of Doctor Chamberlain, of Waterloo, Ind., a lady of rare 
persona] accomplishments, by whom he has four children: Daisy I, born September 25, 1869; 
Charles H., born November 10, 1871; Herbert W., born October 5, 1873, and Martha C, 
born February 13, 1876. No family in the State stands higher, socially or neighborly, and 
no citizen is held in deeper respect than Judge McBride. Mrs. McBride is at this time 
(1892) Department President of the Woman's Relief Corps Auxiliary to the G. A. R. 

James Johnston. The subject of this sketch is a well known citizen of Indianapolis who 
has improved every opportunity for gaining knowledge and availed himself of every chance 
for the betterment of his condition and more than this cannot be said of the most successful 
man who has ever lived. James Johnston has lived a life of peace with his neighbors and 
has done unto others as he would have had them do unto him under similar circumstances 
and he enjoys the confidence and the esteem of all who know him. He was born in Dear- 
born County, Ind., June 10, 1831, and is the son of George and Catharine (Kearney) Johns- 
ton, natives of Virginia and Kentucky, respectively. The paternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject was a soldier of the Revolutionary War and his son, the father of our subject, was a 



112 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

civil engineer, but he devoted the greater portion of his time to farming and the milling 
business. He came to Indiana in 1811 and settled near Vincennes, and in 1812 removed to 
Hamilton, Ohio, three years later going to Dearborn County, Ind., when it was a howling wil- 
derness. The Indians used to visit him, remaining about the grounds until his mother could 
bake them a loaf of bread, being very friendly, but usually quite hungry. He entered a 
tract of land and with his brothers, David and Joseph, built a log cabin in which the family 
lived until they were able to put up a substantial one of hewn logs, which in those primitive 
and simple days was considered somewhat of a sumptuous affair. The father of our subject 
erected, with his brothers, the first grist-mill that was established in that section of country 
and had to cover the hopper to keep off the rain. The mill was a great accommodation to 
people and many of the settlers came long distances to get their grain ground. They ran 
the mill and the farm until the fall of 1861 and he died soon after, December 29, 1861 ; the 
mother of our subject living eighteen years longer passing away in 1879. They had 
five sons and four daughters, four of the nine now living, namely: Joseph, James, Nora and 
George W. The father was a well-educated and a well-informed man of sound views and 
practical good sense and his neighbors would have gladly had him fill offices of honor and 
trust, but he would not under any circumstances accept a public position of any kind, 
although he was solicited again and again. The subject of our sketch was reared in Dear- 
born County and was educated in the common and the high schools of that county. He was 
reared upon the farm, where he did all manner of work which came to hand and, besides, 
served a full time at the mill work. The latter was followed by him until the outbreak of 
the war, when he tried to become a soldier but he was rejected. He then turned his atten- 
tion to school teaching and taught for seven winters, working on the farm and in the mill 
during the summer season. In tbe winter that he was nineteen years old he started in a flat- 
boat well loaded down the Ohio River, selling to what purchasers could be found and pro- 
ceeding as far as New Orleans. The trip was so satisfactory that it was repeated for several 
winters. Mr. Johnston came to Indianapolis on November 18, 1869, and subsequently en- 
gaged in the real estate business, which he carried on until he was elected a justice of the 
peace, in April, 1890, an office he will hold for four years. He served one term as member 
of the city council of Indianapolis from the Twenty-fourth Ward, to the entire satisfaction 
of his constituents and to the good of the community. Mr. Johnston is a director of the 
Washington Central Building & Loan Association, a position he fills with an eye single to 
the good of those who elected him to that position. Our subject was married to Mary J. 
Russell, by whom he has had four children, namely: Norman R., David, Elizabeth and 
Allen. He was married a second time to Elizabeth R. Riley, who is an active member of the 
Sixth Presbyterian Church. Politically Mr. Johnston is a Democrat and a sincere believer in 
those principles which were so ably advocated by Hendricks and other great men of the 
party. Our subject is held in great esteem and confidence by his fellow citizens, who regard 
him as a man of strict integrity and honorable in all his dealings. 

William Fortune was born in Booneville, Ind. on May 27, 1863. He is of Eng- 
lish-German extraction on his father's side and French on his mother's side. His child- 
hood, between his third and tenth years was passed in Tennessee, eastern Illinois and southern 
Indiana. The family returned to Booneville in 1873. In 1874 he became a printer's 
apprentice in the office of the Booneville Standard. The editor of the paper, M. B. Craw- 
ford, was a man of scholarly attainments, who interested himself in giving the boy a careful 
training for newspaper work. He was encouraged to write for the paper while serving as an 
apprentice. His first independent venture was in his fourteenth year — the publication of a 
small daily paper during the week of the county fair, the most important event of the year in 
the town. The limitations of the business made it necessary for him to do all the writing, 
type-setting, and press work, allowing himself but two hours of sleep each night. At sixteen 
he was intrusted with both mechanical and editorial charge of the Standard. The duties 
required much work at night as well as during the day, but he also took upon himself the task of 
writing the history of his native county, devotingto it two hours, from 10 to 12, each night. Hav- 
ing completed this work, which had been carried on without even the members of his own family 
knowing what he was about, he severed his connection with the Standard, and then devoted 
himself exclusively to interesting the people of the county in his work. He was then not 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 113 

quite eighteen years old and was at the disadvantage of being known as a mere boy, but the 
difficulties besetting the venture were overcome to such an extent that he made it financially 
successful. He then started out to find employment which would give him a more thorough 
training for newspaper work. He was given a position as a reporter on the Indianapolis 
Journal He afterward became city editor of the Journal, but after holding the position a 
few years, retired on account of failing health, due to night work. In 1888 he started the 
Sunday Press, a paper which took high rank, and attracted much attention, but was discon- 
tinued at the end of three months. During the next year his time was fully occupied with 
special political correspondence for the New York Tribune, Philadelphia Press, Chicago 
Tribune, and other newspapers. In the same year he became editorially connected with the 
Indianapolis News. He was offered the position of Washington correspondent of the Chicago 
Tribune but declined it. In January, 1890, he wrote a series of editorial articles for the 
News, suggesting public spirited work that should be undertaken by citizens of Indianapolis 
for the promotion of the prosperity and welfare of the city, and urging organization for this 
purpose. The articles were so timely and so well received that they at once resulted in the 
organization of the Commercial Club, which, within one mouth, grew from a nucleus of 
twenty- seven to a membership of 800. He was elected secretary of the club. His editorial 
Connection with the Neivs terminated some months afterward, when it became apparent that 
the Commercial Club work would absorb his entire time. In the same year he started a 
magazine devoted to municipal engineering, the first in the United States devoted exclusively 
to the improvement of cities, which has become one of the foremost technical publications of 
the country. It is published by the Municipal Engineering Company, of which he is presi- 
dent. He was the moving spirit in the organization of the Indianapolis Press Club, in 1891, 
and was elected the first president of it. He was the president of the Century Club in 1892. 
He was a friend of Ben D. House, one of the most meritorious of Indiana's poets, and, 
together with Col. Eli Lilly, Daniel L. Paine and Meredith Nicholson, published a memorial 
edition of House's poems in 1892, the circulation of which was limited to the friends 
of the poets. He started the movement to induce the G. A. R. to hold its twenty- 
seventh national encampment in Indianapolis, and managed the "campaign which 
brought it to this city. He was elected executive director of the citizens organization in 
charge of the arrangements for the encampment, a position involving the most trying re- 
sponsibilities, and he is the first man, not a veteran, upon whom they have been placed. 
Although born in the third year of the war, he is an honorary member of the "Old Guard." 
He proposed the Indiana road congress, and as chairman of the committee in charge, con- 
ducted the arrangements for it. He has done some magazine writing, notable for the 
Century. In 1884 he was married to Miss May Knubbo, of Michigan City, Ind. They have 
three children, a son and two daughters. 

Dr. Willard W. Gates. Perhaps no public servant deserves more grateful recognition 
than a dentist. Dr. Willard W. Gates, a native of Dublin, Ind., was born August 6, 1864, 
son of Oliver Gates, also a native of the Hoosier State, as was also the mother, Mary (Al- 
bright) Gates. Both parents are living and are now residing in Iudianapolis. Dr. Willard 
W. Gates was about five years of age when he came with his parents to Indianapolis, and in 
this city he was reared and educated. When eighteen years of age he began the study of 
dentistry with Dr. A. J. Morris, continued with him for two years and the following two 
years was with Dr. L. W. Comstock. In 1887 Dr. Gates entered Indiana Dental College 
and graduated from that institution in 1889. He then established himself in a business of 
his own and has been very successful. He is thorough master of his art, both in its mechan- 
ical and scientific features, and he has every new and improved appliance for making the 
extraction of teeth as easy and painless an operation as possible. He is a member of the 
Indiana State Dental Association, and is also a member of the K. of P. He was 
married on December 28, 1887, to Miss Lillie Bryan, a native of Indianapolis and the 
daughter of John T. and Margaret (Smock) Bryan. Two children have been born to this 
union: Bryan and Earl. The Doctor and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in politics he is a stanch Republican. 

Edward Thomas Bowser. Marion County, Ind., is an Eden of fine farms and agricult- 
ural tracts. There are comparatively few very small tracts, and each farmer tries to outdo 

8 



114 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

hi 8 neighbor in the cultivation and improvement of his land. Of the many fine attractive 
places none are more conspicuous than that belonging to our subject. Mr. Bowser is a 
native born resident of this county, his birth occurring April 27, 1841, to the union of Henry 
and Mary A. (Moore) Bowser. The father was born in the Keystone State in 1810, and 
when five years of age was taken by his parents to Miami County, Ohio, thirty-six miles from 
Cincinnati, where he remained until twenty-one years of age, never receiving but about two 
months' schooling. His mother taught him to read and write. He came with his parents to 
Marion County, Ind., in 1831, and located on Lick Creek, three miles southeast of Indian- 
apolis. The following year he married Miss Moore, daughter of Thomas Moore, and his 
father then gave him 100 acres of land, part of it lying in Warren and part in Center town- 
ships. There Mr. Bowser passed the remainder of his days, his death occurring in 1882. He 
was a man well respected by all and served as supervisor of Warren township several terms. 
He was a Whig until that party ceased to be an organization and then affiliated with the Re- 
publican party. To his marriage were born ten children, as follows: Thomas died at the 
age of three months: Catherine, died at the age of twenty-two years; John W. died at the 
age of twenty years; James died at the age of eight years; Edward Thomas (subject); Fannie 
A., deceased, was the wife of John E. Miles (she left six children, Ira, Ida, Mary, Annie, Ar- 
thur and William); Sarah E., deceased, was the wife of William Rowney (she left one child, 
Harry); William Bowser, of Marion County, married Miss Florence L. Shimer and they have 
four children (Harry, Maggie, Asa and Mary); Mary Bowser became the wife of Edgar Head 
of Marion County, and Charles G. died in infancy. The father of these children died in 1882 
and the mother in April, ten years later. The father was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Our subject's paternal grandfather, Henry Bowser, was born in Pennsylvania and died 
in Indana in the year 1843. The great-great-graudfather emigrated from Germany to America 
early in 1700, and our subject's great grandfather was born on the ocean while his parents 
were making the voyage. Our subject was educated jn the common schools of Center town- 
ship and attended from two to three months each winter. On account of ill health he was 
obliged to quit school when twenty years of age and he remained under the parental roof 
until thirty-five years of age. In December, 1876, he married Miss Martha J. Kitley, 
daughter of Richard Kitley, a member of one of the old pioneer families of Marion County. 
After marriage our subject lived on his father's farm in a separate house one year, and then 
moved to Clark Township, Johnson County, Ind., where he bought eighty acres of land, 
sixty -five acres of which were cleared. He paid $3,300 for this. On this farm he made his* 
home for eight years, and in 1884 he bought eighty-two acres of the old Richard Kitley 
farm. On this farm was a fine brick house of slate roof. Mrs. Bowser's share of the estate 
was ninety -nine acres, which is in her name. Mr. Bowser traded his eighty acres in John- 
son County and in addition paid $1,050 for forty-five acres and the house in which he now 
lives. This is situated on an elevation, and it is said to be one of the handsomest locations 
for a residence in Marion County. Mr. Bowser is a member of the Baptist Church, and, like 
his father, is a Republican in politics. Richard Kitley, father of Mrs. Bowser, was born in 
Ohio, November 19, 1825, and came to Indiana with his parents when a child. He settled 
in Marion County, Ind., and there his death occurred September 5, 1879. He was married 
three times, his first wife being Miss Martha Davis, whom he married May 4, 1848. Three 
children were born to them: Lucy A., wife of William Moore of Marion County; John, who 
died in infancy, and Martha J., wife of Edward T. Bowser, our subject. Mrs. Kitley died 
September 15, 1854, and Mr. Kitley on September 13, 1855, married Miss Elizabeth 
Smitliers, who bore him four children, Willis J., Hester M., Sarah Elizabeth and 
Stephen A. D. Mr. Kitley selected his third wife in the person of Mrs. Susan Willard, nee 
Wilson, who died January 0, 1881, without issue. Mr. Kitley bought eighty acres of land 
in Johnson County, and added to the original tract until he became the owner of 
about 500 acres. He was a Douglas Democrat but subsequently became a Republican. 
Socially he was a member of the Masonic fraternity but was never a member of any church. 
His father, Mrs. Bowser's grandfather, was John Kitley, and he was the father of these 
children: John, Rebecca, Alex, Hoag, Ibbie, Fraucis, Richard and Jane. 

George R. Colter. Among the successful and thorough-going business men of Indi- 
anapolis stands the name of George R. Colter who is a self-made man in every sense of the 



V 

It 

! 1 

11 



THE NKW YOKK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



ASTOR. LENOX AND 
TILOEN FOUNDATIONS. 

— ■— ' w — — — i 



1 "* 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA, • 115 

term. Thrown on his own resources at an early age he began an independent career with 
no capital save a goodly supply of pluck, energy and muscle, and has met with a reasonable 
amount of good luck in all his enterprises. He is at present councilman of the tenth ward, 
having been elected to that position in November, 1801, and discharges the duties incum- 
bent upon this position in a manner reflecting credit upon himself and upon his constituents. 
He is said to have been the first white child born on the site of North Vernon, Jennings County, 
Ind., his birth occurring on August 31, 1853, and he remained at his birthplace until 1862 
when he went to Franklin, Ind. In 1864 he made his appearance in Indianapolis and dur- 
ing the remainder of the war was a newsboy in that city. In 1867 he learned cigar making, 
became very proficient in this, and continued in the business until 1881 wl\en the strike 
occurred. He was chairman of the striking board. Following this he engaged in the liquor 
business and this he has continued up to the present time. He has one of the leading houses 
in the city and this standing has been acquired only by close attention to every detail of the 
business, and especially to the selection and assortment so as to keep it all times up to the 
highest standard of excellence. Mr. Colter is a self-educated man, all his schooling having 
been received during the night sessions, and every dollar he possesses has been made by 
hard work. He owns a fine building at his place of business and a good home. He was the 
third in order of birth of eight children, three of whom are living. In his political views he 
is a Democrat, the only one of his name advocating the views of that party. Socially he is 
a member of the Red Men, uniform rank, and also K. of P. , uniform rank. He is a member 
of the Elks order, Cigar Maker's Union and Cleveland and Hend rick's club. He was mar- 
ried in 1880 to Miss Mary Drinket and the fruits of this union have been one child, Archie. 
Hon. Charles Eahlo. This free country of America affords numberless instances of 
men who have made their way alone in life, having nothing upon which to depend but their 
own strong arms and a determination to do and to succeed. Such men are always self- 
reliant, their • necessities having taught them that what is done must be done through them- 
selves alone. They are worthy and well qualified to perform what duties they are called 
upon to discharge and are almost without exception leaders of thought in their communi- 
ties and lead lives of great usefulness. In considering the gentlemen of this class in 
Indianapolis, the name of Hon. Charles Kahlo suggests itself forcibly, for the reason that 
he has attained his distinguished position without the backing of family or friends, but has 
made his way onward and upward in the world by the force of his own talents. Charles Eahlo 
was born of worthy parents at Magdeburg, Prussia, July 4, 1840, .being the son of Henry 
and Dorathy Kahlo. The father of our subject was active in politics in his native country 
and left there after the great disturbance of 1849, and settled at Defiance, Ohio, where he 
embarked in the mercantile business, having a large establishment and was doiug a most 
prosperous business, when, in 1853, death came and took him from his family. Thus at the 
early age of thirteen, our subject was left fatherless and was thrown upon his own resources. 
That pluck which has always been so strong a characteristic of the man and to which he is 
so greatly indebted for his marked success in life, was present in him then, and he engaged 
with a dry goods merchant to work for his board and clothes, finding such opportunities as 
he could for getting an education. He remained with his employer, working earnestly and 
applying himself to do his full duty, and from time to time he was promoted from one station 
to another, his salary being increased with each promotion and being equal to that paid to em- 
ployes of much more advanced years. When the war broke out he was strongly moved by 
love for the country of his adoption, and felt it to be his imperative duty to go to the front and 
help to defend the imperilled nation. He did go and just as he did his full duty in the store of 
his employer, so he was every inch a soldier and made a noble record for himself in the army, 
proving himself a true and courageous soldier and a loyal and patriotic citizen. In April, 
1861, at the first call for troops he enlisted in the three month's service in the Fourteenth 
Ohio. Volunteer Infantry, and was elected second lieutenant. In September following 
he again enlisted, this time for three years, in Company G, Thirty -eighth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry, and did not lay down his sword until the war was over aud he was honorably dis-- 
charged, with a record as good as that of any man who enlisted, because he did his full 
duty, never shirked a responsibility or failed to come up to what was expected of him. He 
held a commission throughout the entire period, and during the latter part of the war was 



116 • MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

on the staff of Gen. Miller. During his service he was with both the western and eastern 
armies. Returning home he lost no time, bnt went to work at once, going into the manufact- 
ure of wagon and carriage wood stock, at Defiance, Ohio, and was president of this com- 
pany for a period of fourteen years. In the year 1870 he removed to Logansport, Ind., 
and there engaged in the manufacture of wagon material, employing from 120 to 150 men. 
Busy as had been his life as a manufacturer, and he never under any circumstances neg- 
lected any duty connected with it, still he has always manifested a lively interest in politics, 
believing it to be the duty of every citizen to take part in the affairs of government, this 
being a government of the people. His sympathies and affiliations were always with the 
Republican party and the entire weight of his influence, and this has always been consider- 
able, has been cast in favor of that party. In June, 1878, his party recognizing his popu- 
larity and deeming it an honor due him, and an office that he would fill with distinguished 
ability, nominated him unanimously for the State Senate, from the district composed of 
Cass and Carroll Counties, which was Democratic, with a majority ranging from 600 to 800. 
He made a vigorous and skillful campaign and was elected by a majority of 230, he being 
the first and only Republican who was ever elected to the State Senate from that Democratic 
stronghold. He served a term of four years, and as his friends predicted, he made a faith- 
ful and most useful member of the higher house of the Legislature, bringing into his work 
the experience, the judgment and the strong business sense that pertain to him. Mr. Kahlo 
served as a member of the State central committee in 1880 and was a delegate to the 
Republican national convention in Chicago in 1880 which nominated James A. Garfield 
for President. After Garfield was inaugurated his friends were anxious that the dis- 
tinguished services of Mr. Kahlo sin>uld be recognized, and he was immediately appointed 
by Garfield as consul-general to Berlin, but he accepted the mission to Australia instead. 
This position Mr. Kahlo filled with ability during that administration and subsequently 
engaged in mining on an extensive scale in that country, and was the means* of opening 
up the great mines of that region, which are now operated upon a most extensive scale, 
and Mr. Kahlo had the first smelting furnace that was in operation in Australia. He 
introduced the American process there with quite a staff of mining experts from this 
country, some of whom Mr. Kahlo imported direct from the United States, for the carrying 
out of his enterprise successfully. This business he conducted most profitably for three 
years and could, at the expiration of that time, have left Australia with a handsome fortune, 
but he was persuaded to develop more mines, which necessitated the making of further large 
investments in some enterprises which proved very unfruitful, so that his accumulations 
were swept away quickly. Even then he could have gotten out with a handsome sum of 
money, but being a man of honor he stood by his friends, although he knew the outcome — 
remained as the captain of a ship by his sinking vessel — and he went down with all lost 
but his honor, and the confidence the respect and the esteem of those friends, which after 
all is more than money. This calamity completely discouraged him and he returned to the 
United States, locating at Indianapolis, mainly with the object of giving bis sons a profes- 
sional education, which he has accomplished, Dr. George Kahlo being a graduate of Bellevue, 
and afterward had charge of Holland hospital with honors. Dr. Harry Kahlo graduated as 
a dentist in New York city, and also graduated from the Indianapolis Medical College. 
Both sons are now practicing in this city under most encouraging auspices, are' worthy 
sons of a worthy sire and reflect credit upon their rearing. Mr. Kahlo organized the Indi- 
ana Mutual Building &Loan Association in 1890 and it has grown into the largest organiza- 
tion of its kind in the State, thanks to the excellent management, the energy and the execu- 
tive ability of Mr. Kahlo, who is its general manager and secretary. It now has loaned out 
upward of $800,000 to its shareholders and the security is more than double the amount 
loaned. In the management of this important institution Mr. Kahlo displays a signal 
knowledge of financial matters, as well as an energy that has surprised his friends, even, 
who supposed they understood the measure of his strength. Its success is truly wonderful 
and is a proud monument to the labors and efforts of Mr. Kahlo. Mr. Kahlo is a very 
popular man and was always able to retain his friends even in the midst of a heated cam- 
paign, when they were on the opposite side. This is because he always fought fair, was 
good natured and always ready to oblige. He was honored by Gov. Chaae by being 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 117 

made a member of bis staff, and was honored in the same manner by Gov. Matthews, 
who renamed him for the position, Mr. Kahlo being the only Republican on the staff. 
He also serves with the same rank, that of colonel, on the staff of Gen. Carnahan, in 
the Uniform Rank, K. of P. Our subject was married in 1864 to Miss Cornelia Colby, 
whose father was a very prominent physician of Ohio, and whose family is an old and 
honored one. She has borne him six children, three of whom are living. The members of 
the family are united with the Tabernacle church. Besides the various organizations named 
with which Mr. Kahlo is connected he is also a member of the L. L. and of the Columbia 
Club, and, whatever his connection, he is held in highest esteem in those bodies and is use- 
ful and influential in them. 

Hon. Isaac P. Gray, prominent in State and national politics, was born October 18, 
1828, in Chester County, Penn., and is a son of John and Hannah (Worthington) Gray. 
His ancestors were members of the Society of Friends, or more commonly known as Quakers, 
his great-grandfather coming with William Penn from England. Receiving but a common - 
school education in youth, he embarked in mercantile pursuits at New Madison, Ohio, re- 
moved to Union City, Ind., in 1855, where he continued merchandising, but later began the 
practice of law, having previously qualified himself for that profession. During the war of 
secession, he commanded the Fourth Indiana Cavalry for a time, but ill health necessitated 
his withdrawal from an active military career, and returning home he helped recruit the One 
Hundred and Forty- seventh Indiana Infantry. Until the organization of the Republican 
party Col. Gray was a Whig. As a Republican he was defeated for Congress in 1866, but 
two years later was elected to the State Senate, where he served four years. In 1870 he was 
appointed minister to the Island of St. Thomas, West Indies, but declined the honor. In 
1871 his political views underwent a change, and since that time he has been an active Demo- 
crat. He was nominated by acclamation and elected lieutenant governor in 1876, and upon 
the death of James D. Williams, became governor of the State. As the candidate of the 
Democratic party in 1884, he was nominated for governor of the State by acclamation on 
the first ballot, and upon election gave it an excellent administration. For the past two 
presidential terms he has been prominently mentioned as a candidate for either the first or 
second place on the Democratic presidential ticket, but the uncertain game of politics has 
decided in each instance in favor of others. By appointment of Pres. Cleveland, in* 
1893, he became minister to Mexico. Gov. Gray is a man of unquestioned ability and of 
unbounded ambition. He married Miss Eliza Jaquain 1850, and to this union there are two 
living children. 

Dr. Robert Nathaniel Todd (deceased), son of Levi L. Todd, was born Janu- 
uary 4, 1827, near Lexington, Ky., which place had been the home of his father's 
family for two generations. Robert was the seventh born in a famjly of nine children, 
two of whom died in infancy; the remainder having reached maturity, though only 
two survive him. .His family removed to Indiana in 1834 and from that time until the time 
of his death, which occurred June 13, 1883, he made his home in this vicinity. His early 
advantages were indifferent, a common-school education, such as the country at that time 
afforded, with such a knowledge of Latin as he himself could pick up, was all. He made 
rapid progress in his studies at school, showing more than ordinary aptness for figures, and 
although physically delicate, he gained in health and strength as he grew older. During 
his youth he performed a great deal of hard labor upon the farm, but when nineteen years 
of age he began the study of law at South Bend with Judge Liston, his brother-in-law. At 
the expiration of a year and a half he returned to the farm and there remained until broken 
down by hard labor and ill health, he was compelled, at the end of two years, to abandon 
farm work entirely. After having remained at home a number of months an invalid, and 
after having almost despaired of regaining his health, he visited Dr. David Todd, of Dan- 
ville, by whom he was induced, after some hesitation, to commence the study of medicine, 
which he did more as a diversion from low spirits, not expecting ever to be well enough to 
turn it to practical account. His health, however, 6oon began to improve, and the next 
year he attended lectures at the old "Indiana Central Medical College/ ' which was organ- 
ized about that time under the rule of Drs. Bobb, Mears, Deming, Dunlap, and others (the 
first of Indianapolis' medical colleges). In the next year, 1851, he graduated and the 



118 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 



following spring settled at Southport, where he remained until the breaking out of the 
Rebellion. Previous to this, in the spring of 1854, he was married to Miss Margaret White, 
of that neighborhood. Shortly after the breaking out of the war he was appointed surgeon 
of the Twenty sixth Indiana Volunteers and went soon after with his regiment to Missouri, 
where he remained on duty in camp and hospital for about twenty months, when he was 
called home by the illness of his wife, whom he found rapidly sinking with consumption. 
She died in a short time, leaving him a family of five children, the two youngest being but 
a few months old. Having resigned his position upon his return home, he soon after removed 
to the city and again entered the Government service as surgeon at Camp Morton, where; 
associated with Dr. Kipp, of the regular army, and under the medical directorship of Dr. 
Bobfrs, he continued until the close of the war. In the year following his removal to 
Indianapolis he was married to Mrs. Martha J. Edgar, who, with three children of bis 
first and four of his second marriage, now survive him. In the year 1869 the organiza- 
tion of the Indiana Medical College was effected, in which he was chosen. as teacher of 
theory and practice. There he remained until the spring of 1874, when he resigned his 
chair and shortly afterward, upon the organization of the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons (himself having been the originator), he was assigned the same department, holding 
it until the union of the two medical schools, in 1878, under the style of The Medical 
College of Indiana, when he was elected to the same chair he had occupied in the two 
other organizations, viz. : principles and practice of medicine. That position he continued 
to fill until the time of his death. He was the first representative from his State upon 
the judicial council of the American Medical Association, which position he held for sev- 
eral successive terms and to which he was again elected, in his absence, at the last meeting. 
He was president of the State Society in 1871 * was an active worker for seven years upon 
the provisional board, erected by the Legislature, and whose work was the erection and fitting 
up of the large building occupied by the female department of the Hospital for the Insane, 
and was one of the physicians to the Deaf and Dumb Asylum for nearly eight years. He 
served a single term in the Legislature as representative in 1856-57, but aside from this he 
held no position disconnected with his profession, to which most of his life's effort was faith- 
fully given, never abating his interest in State or local society matters, but being a regular 
attendant of his county society as long as his health would allow. As a practitioner of medi- 
cine he was eminently successful; as a teacher he was clear and explicit, easily understood 
and well remembered; -as a lecturer his manner was easy, dignified and not ungraceful. His 
words were well chosen, his language was plain but forcible, sometimes eloquent, and he 
always commanded the attention of his auditors. As is commonly the case with men of his 
cast he was not financially successful. Though commanding a large and lucrative business 
for many years, he fajled to improve the opportunities offered, which were ample for the 
accumulation of a fortune. But he esteemed money only for its uses and with a liberal hand 
he gave it to meet the wants of others; frequently, indeed, to his own injury. No matter 
how often imposed upon in the matter of .benevolence, he rarely failed to respond to the 
call of want or distress, and only those who were intimate with him knew how much of his 
time and of his best efforts in private practice were devoted to impecunious sufferers. If it 
be esteemed a great end in life to be remembered when gone from this world, how much 
better to live in the warm light of love and sympathy, if it be but for a single generation, 
within a circle that personal recognition can compass, than to have a name in marble, read 
through curiosity rather than affection, and a heritage under the cold sky of fame, even 
though it be world-wide. Grudge him not, reader, this line of memorial, whoso fidelity is 
worthy of some better monument. 

Levi L. Todd, M. D. There are men, and the number is by no means small, who 
drift iuto what we are accustomed to look upon as the learned profession in the same way 
that thousands of other men in the lower walks of life drift into the ordinary bread- winning 
occupations. Having no special preference for any calling, and without feeling that they 
have any particular fitness for a certain profession, they find themselves drifting in that 
direction as a result of associations or environment, and in the course of time they find 
themselves shouldering responsibilities for which they have scant liking, carrying burdens 
which rest heavily upon them, and laboring in a field which has for them no attraction other 



AND MARION COUNTY; INDIANA. 119 

than what it yields in the way of annual income. The successful physician whose name heads 
this sketch impresses even those who meet him in a casual way as a man who has drifted 
easily and naturally into the medical profession, who realizes that he has made no mistake 
in the choice of his vocation, and feels thoroughly at home in the position which he occu- 
cupies. This first impression deepens with a more intimate acquaintance, and familiarity 
with his life leads to the unbiased and impartial view that the unusual success he has 
achieved is the logical sequence of talent rightly used, together with energy and industry 
never misapplied. Dr. Levi L. Todd is a product of the Blue-Grass State, born near Lex- 
ington in the latter part of the year 1830, in the region where his ancestors had resided since 
Revolutionary times. His grandfather, Gen. Robert Todd, was an associate of Boone, 
Harod, Bryan and others in the early settlement of the State. The maternal grandfather, 
Capt. Nathaniel Ashby, came from the Old Dominion soon after the close of the seven 
years' war through which he served, and settled in the same locality. The father of our 
subject, Judge Levi L. Todd, removed to Indiana in 1834, settled in Marion County, and 
there his death occurred in 1867. Dr. L. L. Todd, the original of this notice, was the 
youngest of a family of nine children, all but two of whom attained adult years. His early 
life was one of unusual toil and labor, and marked by vicissitudes and trials. Even more 
than the ordinary occurrences which so painfully emphasize life fell to his lot. Still he 
seems to have regarded his life as an uneventful one in incidents of interest to others. He 
worked hard during his boyhood, and up to the age of twenty-two years, when he left the 
farm for the last time. He availed himself of the ordinary winter time opportunities of 
country schools, and when seventeen years of age took two terms in the Danville County 
Seminary, and later a year and a half in Wabash College. He was a student of medicine 
the first year with Dr. David Todd, of Danville, and the remainder of the time with his 
brother, the late Dr. R. N. Todd. His first course of medical lectures was at the Univer- 
sity of Louisville, during the time that Gross, Flint and Silliman were connected with that 
institution, and graduated from the same in March of the year 1856. The Doctor was 
married in the following winter to Miss Susan G. Todd, of Paris, Ky., and in the spring 
of 1858, moved to Paris, 111., where he resided and practiced his profession for sixteen 
years. After the second year he was employed almost constantly, and much of the time in 
service pressing and hard to endure. With bad roads, and in a climate abounding in the 
worst changes that western weather could supply, he suffered a great deal from nervous 
disorders incident to exposure and overwork, but was seldom confined to his bed. He was 
appointed medical inspector of the drafted men, was a member of the Edgar County 
Society and also the Society of the Wabash Valley, being president and secretary of the 
latter. He has been a member and an occasional attendant upon the meetings of the 
American Medical Association since about the year 1871. He is also a member of the 
Marion County Medical Society, being president of the same, and contributed a number of 
papers to that society, some of which have been published in the transaction of the State 
Society. The Doctor came to this city from Paris, 111., in January, 1874, and during the 
whole time up to the present, has been constantly practicing his profession. His family 
consists of a wife and four daughters. In the professional career of Dr. Todd it will be 
observed that every energy was called into play in his chosen calling. With that earnest- 
ness of endeavor and will power which are the salient and strong points that determine an 
individuality and inspire confidence in one as a safe and conservative practitioner, any ful- 
some praise or extended eulogy of the professional or social life of the subject of this sketch 
would be superfluous here or in any community where he is known. The steady, persist- 
ent fondness for his profession is a marked characteristic of his every day contact with the 
infirmities and suffering that come within range of his counsel and medical skill. In the 
varied vicissitudes of his life, filled wiih a multiplicity of cares, he has found time, like his 
distinguished brother, the late Dr. R. N. Todd, to cultivate his taste in literary pursuits as 
evidenced by the fact of his active and retentive memory in calling up quotations from many 
distinguished authors both of prose and poetry. Whittier, Holmes and Burns are seemingly 
his favorite authors. The Doctor is in full fruition of his professional life and perfect 
manhood. The frost of accumulated years have settled gently upon him, but have not 
ruffled the facial line of a wholesome, honored career. He is still in the front rank among 



120 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

his contemporaries, and capable of accomplishing a large amount of labor in the practice of 
his life work. 

W. H. Hawkins. The younger Pitt, had his lot been cast in the United States in this 
day and generation would not have found it necessary to defend himself against the " atro- 
cious crime of being a young man," as charged against him because of his precocious men- 
tal development. In this Republic there is no prejudice against a man merely because he 
chances to develop in advance of the conventional idea as to time of maturity, but on the 
contrary it is more likely that the fact will be used as a cause for rewarding his ability by 
promoting him to places of honor and trust. The subject of our sketch, W. H. Hawkins, of 
Indianapolis, is a young man who has demonstrated over and over again that the wisdom of 
age rests upon his shoulders and the judgment of tried experience guides his actions, yet eo 
far from this being a bar to his advancement, his friends point to the fact with pride and as 
convincing proof that man ought to be weighed by his capacity and not by the duration of 
his days upon the earth. Mr. Hawkins was born in Sullivan County, Ind., December 31, 
1858, and is the son of Jesse and Fannie P. (Pinkston) Hawkins, natives of the same county. 
The paternal grandfather, John W. Hawkins, was a native of South Carolina and a pioneer 
of Sullivan County, who served his country in the War of 1812, holding the rank of major. 
He was a farmer and pursued that avocation until his death, and his son, the father of our 
subject, was also a tiller of the soil. The latter, imbued with the same spirit that moved 
his sire in the War of 1812, enlisted in the Civil War in the Forty-first Indiana Volunteers, 
afterward known as the First Cavalry Regiment; was taken prisoner and died in Libby 
Prison, leaving two children, Mattie, who died in 1882, and our subject. The latter was 
reared upon the farm in Sullivan County, attending the country schools until he was eight- 
een years old, and two years later he entered the normal school at Valparaiso. After remain- 
ing there for some time he entered a country store at Shelburn and continued in it until 
November 18, 1884, when he was appointed a deputy sheriff of Sullivan County and served 
four years. He was then elected sheriff of the same county and tilled that position with the 
greatest credit, as he had previously discharged the duties of deputy and for an equal 
period of time. March 22, 1893, he was appointed by President Cleveland United States 
marshal for the district of Indiana, being one of the youngest men ever named for this office. 
Young as he is he wields a most powerful influence in politics, being personally remarkably 
popular and possessing exceptional ability as an organizer and leader of men. He can plan 
a campaign with a shrewdness that surprises the oldest of campaigners and executes with 
brilliant success. Failure is a word that has never appeared in the book of his life and suc- 
cess has tended but to brighten his wits and to stimulate his brain to greater energy. Dur- 
ing his term of office he will make Indianapolis his place of residence, much to the regret of 
his thousands of friends and admirers mold Sullivan, who while proud of the distinguished 
recognition of his services and ability, deeply regret to lose the pleasure of his presence and 
the strength of his party counsels even for a season. Mr. Hawkins is a man of strong social 
feeling, taking keen enjoyment in the society of his friends, and is connected with the order 
of Odd Fellows and of the K. of P., in both of which organizations he is regarded with the 
highest esteem. He was married May 6, 1880, to Miss Etta E. Collier, by whom he has one 
child living, Burchard G. Brief as has been Mr. Hawkins* stay in Indianapolis he has 
already made hosts of friends and has demonstrated to them and to the people of the State 
generally that the selection made by President Cleveland for the office of marshal for the 
State of Indiana was a most wise one and that he will discharge its duties with distinguished 
ability and with conscientious regard to the interests of the Government. He was in 
1892 unanimously selected chairman of the Democratic central committee of Sullivan 
County, Ind., and yet retains that position. The remarkable executive talent of Mr. Haw- 
kins and his masterly grasp of important measures, with his unbroken success and his wide 
popularity, clearly show that he is but fairly started upon his career, and that much better 
and greater things await him. 

Miss Maky Eileen Ahern. As mediums for the diffusion of knowledge among the 
masses, public collections of books take rank second only to the common- school system. The 
State library at Indianapolis, Ind., has been steadily prosperous, the number of volumes 
being increased year by year, and the careful selection and completeness of the collection 



^^I^f^^^^l*^^^^ 



AND MAKION COUNTY, INDIANA, 121 

gives it a value second to very few. The State librarian, Miss Mary Eileen Ahern, is a lady 
thoroughly equipped by intimate knowledge of books for the care of the library. To the 
requisites of ability she adds those of temperament, and all patrons of the library will agree 
in acknowledging her painstaking and uniform consideration and courtesy in rendering assist- 
ance to those pursuing any particular branch of iuquiry. This lady removed with her 
parents to Spencer, Ind., in 1870 and there she attended the public schools, graduating from 
the High School in May, 1878. In October, 1878, when but seventeen years of age, she 
began teaching school at Bloom field, Ind. , and was thus engaged for two years, meeting with 
unusual success in that capacity. Returning to Spencer she taught in the high schools of 
that city for four years, and in the fall of 1884 she removed to Peru, Ind., where she made her 
home until the spring of 1889. On the 1st of April of that year she became assistant libra- 
rian and on January 23, 1893, she was elected by the Legislature as State librarian which 
position she nows tills in a very able manner. Possessed of rare culture and attainments 
Miss Ahern discharges her duties with highly commendable zeal and ability. Of the three 
children born to her patents Miss Ahern is second iu order of birth. Her parents were 
natives of Ireland, a country that our people have heard or read more or less of, land that 
seems to be the breeding place for the production of the brain, the energy and muscle that 
move the rest of the world. Her mother was an O'Neill of County Clare, a very noted family 
of that county, and she was a lady possessed of great force of character and remarkable 
financial ability. She died when Miss Ahern was but twelve years of age. The father, 
VViliiam Ahern, was a native of County Cork and like many of his native countrymen, his 
day dream was for liberty and the right to cope with his fellow men. As a consequence he 
emigrated to the United States in 1852 and two years later came to Indianapolis where he 
was married. He is at present a resident of Spencer, Ind., and is a, man possessed of many 
excellent qualities of mind and heart. The children born to this estimable couple are named 
as follows: Johanna, a resident of Spencer and wife of W. S. Johnson who is county clerk 
of Owen County, Ind., Mary E., and James. Our snbject was a -delegate to the National 
Library Association held at San Francisco, Cal., in 1891 imd is now secretary of the 
State library section of the National Library Association. She is the founder of the Library 
Association of Indiana of which she has been secretary since its organization, and was secre- 
tary of high school section of the State Teachers' Association for two years. 

Samuel Pfendler. This worthy agriculturist was born in Canton Glarus, among the 
Alps of Switzerland, May 6, 1833. to the union of Nicholas and Anna (Streef) Pfendler. 
His great-grandfather Friedland Pfender, was governor of Canton Glarus, in Switzerland. 
The father of our subject came to America with his family in 1847, leaving Havre de Grace, 
France, March 1, 1847, and landing in New Orleans on April 26 and came up the Missis- 
sippi and Ohio Rivers to Madison. The family then took the stage to Indianapolis, where 
they arrived on May 4. The father had a brother who had come to America in 1832 and 
who was at that time living in Marion County, Warren Township, Ind., engaged iu farming. 
Nicholas Pfendler bought 100 acres in Moral Township, Shelby County, just across the line from 
Marion County, and paid for the same $1,200. About thirty five acres of this tract was 
partially cleared and the first year he put in ten or twelve acres of corn, the same amount of 
wheat and about four acres in potatoes. This was put in with one horse. He carried his 
produce to Indianapolis and received for potatoes a shilling a bushel, 3 cents a dozen for 
eggs, in trade, and about 8 cents a pound for butter. Samuel Pfendler, the original of this 
notice, remained on the farm with his father until 1855 and then started for Faribault County, 
Minn., with Warren Judd, who had a wagon and two yoke of cattle. Our subject purchased 
a yoke of cattle and drove the team for his board. He left home September 9, 1855, and 
shortly afterward went to Winneshiek County, Iowa, and located at Frankville, where, dur- 
ing the winter, he drove a team for a storekeeper, continuing this until May, 1856. He then 
went to Steele County, Minn., where he pre-empted 100 acres of land and made his home on 
the same until August, 1856, breaking ten acres in the meantime. On August 4, 1856, he 
returned to Iowa and began working for P. K. Beard, continuing with him for two months. 
About that time he traded his claim of 160 acres for two yoke of oxen, making him then the 
owner of three yoke, and trading the oxen for horses he engaged in teaming from Iowa to 
Minnesota, the route coveriug from forty to 150 miles. After about six months he began to 



1 



122 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

drive stage from McGregor's Landing, in Clayton County, Iowa, to Decorah, Iowa, a dis- 
tance of forty-five miles, making a trip every day. He drove stage two years, receiving from 
$20 to $30 a month. In 1858 he married Miss Alma Burton, daughter of George W. Bur- 
ton, of Winneshiek County, Iowa, and for about a year and a half afterward kept a store in 
Frankville. In January, 1860, he and his bride came to Marion County, Ind., brought with 
them about $200, and made their home with Mr. Pfendler's father until the death of the lat- 
ter, two years later. Our subject and his brother, David, were the only two of the children 
who remained at home, and when the father died his will provided that David and Samuel 
should divide the land he owned, 100 acres in Shelby and 160 acres in Marion County, and 
pay to the other children $5,200. The interest of $2,000 was to be paid to the mother and 
she was to have a home with them during her life. Samuel and his brother accepted the 
provisions of the will and faithfully carried them out. The mother passed away in 1864 
and her last days were rendered happy aud comfortable by the devotion of her two sons. 
For two years the brothers worked their farms together, but in 1864 Samuel bought of his 
brother thirty of the 160 acres in Marion County, paying for the same $1,000. On the tract 
our subject had received from his father he resided from 1860 until the present. His first 
residence was a log structure, 18x22 feet, and in this they kept bouse for about eleven years, 
often cooking for forty or fifty men who came to log-rollings. Those were happy days for 
all were contented with their lot. About 1871 Mr. Pfendler erected a two-storv frame house, 
thirty feet square, and in this he resides at the present time. In 1864 he purchased forty 
acres of land; in 1873 seventy-five acres; in 1879 eighty acres, and in 1885 eighty acres, in 
Shelby County, aud in 1891 he bought fifteen and one-half acres, thus making 355 acres in 
Marion and ninety-five acres in Shelby County. Mr. Pfendler and family cleared over half 
of the 355 acres in Marion County. To his marriage were born the following children : Anna, 
born in 1859 and died February 14. 1886. She had attended the college at Franklin. Ind., 
fixe years and would have graduated in 1886; Emma, born in 1861, died at the age of twelve 
months from burns received by falling in a fireplace; Samuel, born in 1863. February 12, 
resides near his father (he married Miss Louisa Eistler, daughter of David Eistler, of Win- 
neshiek County, Iowa, and has three children: Delia, Roy and Anna), and Levi, born 
November 29, 1867. resides in Pleasant View, Shelby County, Ind., where he is engaged in 
merchandising. He married Miss Annie E. Gould, daughter of James Gould, and they have 
two children. Byron and Celia, the latter dying in 1893, aged two and one-half years. 

Thomas Sandusky Eaton. This successful agriculturist and descendant of sturdy British 
ancestors, was born in Owen County, Ky., August 26, 1828, to the union of William and 
Sarah (Phipps) Eaton, the former a native of the Blue Grass State and the latter of Virginia. 
The parents were married in Owen County, Ky., but left there and came to Indiana in 1832. 
Fifteen children were born to this worthy couple, one of whom, a daughter, died in infancy. 
The remainder were named as follows: James A., of Harrison County, Mo. ; Polly Ann, 
died at the age of twenty years; William, who resides at Irvington; Thomas S., our subject; 
Elizabeth, deceased, was the wife of Louis Nossaman; Lydia, wife of Madison Davis, 
resides in Franklin Township, this county; Lei and, of Boone County. Ind.; Sarah, wife 
of Hoyt Ransdell: Charles, of Boone County, was in the Federal service during the 
war; Marv E.. wife of Rufus Leonard; Henrv, was also in the Federal service about 
four years; Wesley served in the Union army about four years; Mary E. (No 2). 
deceased, was the wife of George Harris, and Robert, of Boone County, Ind. The 
mother of these children died in 1873 at the age of seventy-two, and the father followed her 
to the grave in 1881, when eighty- two years of age. The paternal grandfather, William 
Eaton, was a native of Maryland and died in Kentucky. The parents of our subject came 
to Indiana in the winter of 1832 and remained until the spring in Indianapolis, a city then 
of about 1,000 inhabitants. The father was sick during the winter, but in the spring he 
moved out to New Bethel, in Franklin Township, where he entered eighty acres of land one 
mile northeast of the little village. He paid $1.25 per acre for this tract and it was right in 
the green timber. First he rented a little piece of ground near by which had a house on it, 
and about six acres cleared. On this he made his home for two years, by which time he 
had erected a log house on his eighty acres and had commenced the arduous task of clearing 
the ground. For four or five years this was the task of all in the family, aside from raising 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



123 



small crops. The smaller children were armed with wooden paddles which they slapped 
together to scare the squirrels which came in almost countless numbers to the corn patch, 
threatening to eat up the little crop. Soon brighter days began to appear, but still the 
hardships and privations would have been unendurable at the present day. In four or 
five years they could market some of their produce and soon began to accumulate some 
means. Wolves were very thick and a few dry sticks were kept ready to light and throw 
out the cabin door into the pack whose howls rendered sleep impossible. Amid these 
rude surroundings our subject remained until his twenty-first birthday, receiving but 
little schooling, and working early and late to subdue the forest and- render it inhabit- 
able. Whenever his father could spare him away from home for a few days our sub- 
ject would hire out to some of the neighbors and received for his services from 12 J to 
25 cents per day. Half of this he gave his father and the remainder to his mother to 
keep for him, telling her that he was going to save up money enough to buy a farm. 
When a little over twenty- one years of age young Eaton bought forty acres of land in 
Franklin Township, paying for the same $218, $100 down and working two summers in 
Turner's brickyard to make up the balance. The first year he received $13 a month and 
by that time he had learned how to mold brick. The following year he received $1.25 
a day and worked in the brickyard about five months each summer. The second sum- 
mer's work paid him out on the farm a,nd he moved on his forty acres, fifteen of which 
had been cleared and a little cabin erected. For five years he continued on this farm. 
In November, 1849, he was married to Miss Almira Springer, a daughter of Jacob 
Springer, a native of the Buckeye State, and Mr. Eaton and his bride moved on the 
forty acres together. During the ^\e years he remained on the same, our subject dead- 
ened and partially cleared fifteen acres more, but in 1854 sold the forty acres to Charles 
Piel for $700. Then, leaving his wife at home, he and four or five others went West 
prospecting. Mr. Eaton went through Illinois and Iowa, and after a trip of about eight 
weeks, returned to Marion County, where he bought eighty acres in Section 27. About 
thirty acres were cleared and a hewn double log house was on the tract. He rented 
twenty acres, put in a few acres himself and began clearing a place for a brickyard. 
After harvest he commenced making brick and 100,000 were turned out that fall, all being 
sold by Christmas time, for from $4 to $5 per thousand. This enabled him to meet the first 
payment on his land. After this he commenced farming, and engaging in any other 
honorable employment he could find. In three years time he had his farm paid for and 
settled down to tilling the soil. This was in 1857, and he continued farming until 1860, 
when he again engaged in brick making, turning out 50,000 bricks, for which he received 
$5 per thousand. In 1861 he erected a story and a half house of six rooms, and in 1889 
he erected another handsome house of seven rooms, where he now resides. Between 
1861 and 1883 he added 281 acres to the eighty acres he first purchased, and has one 
of the be t farms in his section. By his first wife he became the father of eleven chil- 
dren, three of whom died in infancy, and one, Amanda, in 1872. when about twenty years of 
age. The names of the seven living children are as follows: Artmesia, who married James 
Greer, of Marion County, Iud. ; Franklin P., of Marion County, Ind., married Miss Louisa 
Cunningham; W 7 illiam J., also in Mariou County, married Miss Julia Smither; Eudolpho 
of Indianapolis, married Miss Priscilla Finner; Tyler and Violet, twins. The former mar- 
ried Miss Addie A. Huntington and resides in Marion County, and the latter married Abra- 
ham Murphy, of Marion County, and Luella, wife of Charles Doren, of Indianapolis. Our 
subject is the grandfather of twenty-two children resulting from the above mentioned mar- 
riages. HiB wife died in December, 1880, and in 1882 he married Miss Mahala, daughter of 
Henry and Mary Camper, of Marion County. Five children have been born to this union: 
Carrie Ethel, born September 28, 1883; Chalmer C, born July 29, 1885; Mabel G., born 
February 21, 1888; Ben Harrison, born September 21, 1890, and Meada M., born May 6, 
1892. Mr. Eaton has never aspired to political positions and has never held office, except 
that of supervisor. His first vote was cast for a Democrat, but since that time he has been 
a stalwart Republican. He has been a member of the Baptist Church ever since his first 
marriage. In 1886 our subject divided among his seven children, by his first wife, 281 acres, 
thus giving them all good homes. 



124 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Col. I. N. Walker. One of the best known men in the State and one of the most pop- 
ular connected with the G. A. R. is Gol. I. N. Walker, past department commander and at 
this time the senior vice commander-in-chief of the order, and State Tax Commissioner, who 
is now directing his best energies to the securing of an equitable enforcement of the tax 
laws of the State. Col. Walker is a most worthy son of Indiana, who, after receiving an 
education in his native State and growing to manhood, responded to his country's call, and 
entered the army as junior captain in the Seventy -third Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 
For gallant services rendered at the battle of Stone River he was made major; was promoted 
to the rank of lieutenant colonel in March, 1863, and on the death of Col. Hathaway, in May 
1863, was made commander of the regiment. For more than a year he endured all the 
rigors of Libby Prison, escaped with General Streight through the historic tunnel, in Feb- 
ruary, 1864, returned to his regiment in May, 1864, and rendered most important service in 
the army of the Cumberland, protecting the line of supplies between Decatur and Stevenson 
along the Tennessee River, during the advance on Atlanta. After the war he resided for a 
time at Nashville and then returned to Indianapolis, where he has since resided. He is be- 
yond doubt the best known Grand Army man in the State, having served for four years as 
assistant adjutant- general and then as department commander, and taking the most lively 
interest in its affairs, having the social quality strongly developed and having an abiding 
regard for those who served their country during its time of peril. The privations endured 
by Col. Walker in Libby Prison sapped his health; after enduring its hardships for nine 
months, he escaped, as stated, but only to be recaptured and returned, and the three months 
which followed until his exchange in May (the tunnel escape was in February) were very 
severe upon him. The seeds of disease so freely and deeply sown in Libby broke out again and 
again at Nashville after the war, and finally caused him, after some years of patient and un- 
complaining suffering to come to Indianapolis. For nearly ten years after his return here he 
was first deputy in the office of the county auditor of Marion County, where he won the 
esteem of every one by his efficient discharge of duties and his uniformly courteous and 
obliging spirit. He received the nomination of the Republicans of Indiana for the office of 
State Auditor in 1892, but went down with the rest of the ticket in November last. Col. 
Walker while assistant adjutant- general rendered prodigious service to the order, more than 
ten thousand members being added to it while he held office, largely through his tireless 
efforts. The meagre salary he received he divided with a disabled soldier, and much more 
of the remainder went to the help of moneyless soldiers of the war. Large-hearted, honest, 
earnest, loyal, sincere, true in his friendships, his friends are legion everywhere, and if 
wishes were dollars the Colonel would rival the Rothschilds in wealth. At Stone River he 
was a hero in battle, bravely encouraging his comrades throughout a frightful carnage, in 
which the brave boys were in a literal slaughter pen; in all honrs of peril he was the same 
brave, true soldier; and since the war the same invincible courage has stamped his life, espe- 
cially in his devoted service on behalf of the soldiers, making him indifferent to the gibes and 
sneers of those who did not fight and who hate those who insist the Government shall be 
grateful and generous toward those who saved the Union. Whatever the future of Col. 
Walker, he can rest secure in the reflection that he has the abiding affection of his comrades 
of the army of the late war. But a life like that of Col. Walker, so full of generous and un- 
selfish impulses and deeds, and replete with courageous actions, has much more before it to 
be done and he is sure to be always in the forefront with those who dare the right for the 
right's sake. 

John L. McMaster. The bar of Indianapolis has won an enviable name all over the 
country for the erudition, success and courtesy of its members, many of whom have achieved 
a national reputation for their ability and a correct apprehension of what pertains to the profes- 
sion. Among those who stand deservedly high as members of this bar with his brother law- 
yers and with the courts, is John L. McMaster, whose office is in the Boston Block in that 
city. He has always been a close student in his profession and has won the confidence and 
esteem of the community and the profession as a careful and efficient lawyer. He was born 
in Meigs County, Ohio. February 9, 1843, being the son of William and Susan (Brown) Mc- 
Master. His father was a native of Scotland; his mother of Virginia. His father came to 
the United States when about twenty years of age, settling first in New York State, where 



r 

:f 



J 



TIP. :.h v .V 1( !;K 

PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



ASTOR. IENOX *N0 
TILOEN FOUnO*Tcjn$. 

. ■ iii i » * 



»«m 



J 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 125 

he learned the trade of miller, and afterward in Meigs County, Ohio, where he owued aud 
operated a mill for more than forty years and until within a few years of the time of his 
death, which occurred at that place in 1887. His mother died in 1859. The subject of our 
sketch was the second of seven children, three of whom are still living. He was reared in 
Meigs County, spending the days of his boyhood in the country schools and at work in his 
father* 8 mill until the outbreak of the war, when, in 1861, at the age of eighteen he entered 
the Union array as a member of Company A, Second Virginia Cavalry in which Company 
and in Company E of the same regiment he served a little more than three years. A younger 
and only brother, Thomas, who later became a member of the same regiment, was killed at 
the battle of Five Forks. After being mustered out, our subject entered the Ohio University 
at Athens, Ohio, from which he graduated in 1869. Before leaving the University he com- 
menced the study of law which he continued under private instructors until the fall of 1869, 
when he entered the Cincinnati Law School, graduating therefrom in 1870. In the fall of 
the year last named he settled in Indianapolis, an entire stranger, in the practice of his pro 
fession. He began the practice in partnership with A. Boice, the firm being McMaster & 
Boice, and so continuing until 1891, since which time Mr. McMaster has been alone. In 
1882 he was nominated by acclamation for the office of Superior Court Judge by the Repub- 
lican party, but failed of election. In the following year he was nominated for mayor, with- 
out seeking on his part, and after a close contest was elected. His administration of that 
office was characterized by integrity and a conscientious devotion to the best interests of 
the city and served to still more firmly establish him in the confidence and esteem of the 
community. In 1890, in anticipation of legislative measures of vital interest to the city of 
Indianapolis which were to be brought forward in the general assembly, his party nominated 
him as as one of its candidates for the State Legislature, but he was defeated along with his 
party. Mr. McMaster is connected with a number of fraternal organizations, in all of which 
he is an honored and useful member. Among the number is George H. Thomas Post, No. 
17, Department of Indiana, G. A. R., of which he is a past commander. He is also a past 
member of the council of administration of the department and has long been a member of 
the monument committee of the department and is its present chairman. He is also a thirty- 
second degree Mason and is active in the various branches of Masonry leading up to this ex- ' 
alted degree, being an officer in several of the Scottish Rite bodies and having been twice 
the Master of Mystic Tie Lodge, one of the blue lodges of the city which has established 
more than a local reputation for its efficient work. Mr. McMaster is identified with a num- 
ber of interests of the city, among which are the Indianapolis Building and Loan, and the 
Franklin Building Associations, in both of which he is a director and the attorney. He *is 
also the attorney for the Mutual Home and Savings Association and a director in the Ohio 
Machine Company of Middleport, Ohio. Mr. McMaster's domestic life is a happy one, his 
wife being Alpha (Steenrod) McMaster, whom he married at Lancaster, Ohio, in 1872, and 
by whom he has three children. 

Austin B. Prather. Real estate, in the form of city or suburban lots, is a hank of 
interest. The demand for inside and suburban lots and acres, together with the steady 
increase in the value of such holdings, afford the best possible evidence of Indianapolis' 
steady growth in wealth and prosperity. Experience tells us that to the economical artisan, 
salaried clerk and business man, these suburban offerings are of inestimable value in per- 
mitting men to acquire, at reasonable cost and on easy terms, a pleasant home in a healthy 
location, which becomes more valuable as the owner grows in years. One of the most popu- 
lar real estate men of the city of Indianapolis is Austin B. Prather, who is also an extensive 
fire insurance agent and is doing a business highly satisfactory to himself and his large num- 
ber of patrons. He is an ideal business man and has a remarkable capacity for work. He 
is a native of Oldham County, Ky., his birth having occurred January 29, 1848, of which 
State his father, John Prather, was also a native, where he followed the occupation of farm- 
ing with fairly satisfactory results. He was a man of great public spirit and was an ensign 
in the military affairs of Tippecanoe times and in various other ways showed his interest 
in the welfare of his native land, being at all times public spirited and progressive. He 
was married to Miss Elizabeth Jones, a native of North Carolina, a daughter of Benjamin 
Jones, who belonged to a well known family of the Old North State. In 1820 Mr. Prather 



126 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

came with his family to Indiana and became one of the pioneer families of Clark County. 
The father died at Columbus, Ind., in 1876, the mother having been called from life in 
1865. The paternal grandfather, Basil Prather, was of Scotch descent and was born and 
reared in the land of " thistles and oatmeal. " He came to America in his early manhood, 
first settled in Kentucky but afterward became a pioneer Methodist preacher of Indiana, 
being one of the first of that denomination to hold services within its borders. Austin B. 
Prather was about ten years of age when his parents settled in Bartholomew County, Ind., 
and there he received the usual common school advantages and early learned the details of 
agricultural life on his father's farm. Later he spent two years at White River Academy 
at Brownstown, Ind., where he completed a practical education. Iu October, 1869 he came 
to Indianapolis and became a clerk in the old pioneer grocery house of Horn & Anderson, 
in which capacity he served about four years, or, until that firm retired from business. He 
continued to follow clerical pursuits until September, 1881, when he entered the employ of 
W. E. Mich & Co., the oldest real estate firm of the city, and remained connected with them 
for six years. In 1887 he became a member of the firm of Prather & Hankel,but at the end of 
three years retired from the firm and soon after formed a partnership with Col. Walker, 
in the real estate, loans and fire insurance business, which connection continued uutil April 
11, 1893, when he purchased Col. Walker's interest and later formed a partnership with 
George W. Powell, the present name of the firm being Powell & Prather. Mr. Prather was 
married in October, 1872, to Miss Mary L. Horn, a native of Indianapolis, and a daughter 
of Henry L. and Minerva A. (Palmer) Horn. He is a Scottish Rite Mason of the thirty -sec- 
ond degree and is a charter member of Mystic Tie Lodge, No. 398. He is a member of the 
board of governors, of the board of trade and has served on important committees of the 
former organization. He has always been a Republican in his political views. 

L. H. Dunning, M. D. Among the many able and well-known physicians of Indianapolis 
who are a credit to the city is the subject of this notice, who is a descendant of good and worthy 
English stock. He is a native of Michigan, having been born at Edwardsburg, in that 
State, April 12, 1850, the English head and founder of the family having settled in New 
York State. Dr. Isaac D. Dunning, the grandfather of our subject, was a leading practitioner 
of Aurora, Erie County, N. Y., for about thirty years, and then, in 1836 emigrated to Michi- 
gan. The father of our subject, Oscar M. Dunning, was a substantial farmer, and his wife, 
Mary (May) Dunning, was also a native of New York, being a member of the old May and 
Stanton families, who were very prominent in the public affairs of the Empire State. Dr. 
L. H. Dunning was educated at the Edwardsburg High School, studied medicine for two 
years in the medical department of the University of Buffalo, where special mention was 
made of the thoroughness of his work, he displaying a remarkable aptitude in all his studies, 
and thus early affording earnest of the signal ability of the coming man and physician. His 
examination demonstrated that he had grasped the subjects gone through with subtle force 
and energy. Later, • he spent one year at Rush Medical College, Chicago, from which he 
graduated in January, 1872. After graduating Dr. Dunning went to Troy, Berrien County, 
Michigan, where he engaged in the practice, and was for some time district superintendent 
of Public instruction. He was appointed correspondent of the Michigan State Board of 
Health and while performing the duties of that office acquired his first experience as a 
writer on medical subjects, in which he has since become distinguished. In the year 1878, 
feeling himself competent for a wider field, Dr. Dunning moved to South Bend, Ind., where 
he was soon called into a large and lucrative practice. His contributions to medical litera- 
ture, which had attracted much attention while he was reading at Troy, were continued at 
South Bend and soon gave him a national reputation. A number of these, which appeared 
iu leading medical journals, especially such as treated upon surgical diseases of the kidneys, and 
also upon subjects relating to diseases of women, are of especial value, and stamped the Doctor 
not only an original and courageous thinker and investigator, but also a writer of a high order 
of ability, his language being elegant in diction and smooth in its flow — more like that 
of a professional author and editor than of one who makes the science of medicine his great 
life work. Busy as was his life at South Bend, his writings and his practice making exacting 
demands upon his time, he still investigated, studied and availed himself of every opportunity 
for adding to his knowledge and skill. He took several special courses in New York and in 



X,, FT' /l/Z-t-**--"-**^. 



THE NF.W YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



127 



1889 made an extensive trip abroad, during which time he pursued his studies in the hospi- 
tals of Vienna, London and Paris. In the sauie year, at the request of the members of the 
faculty of the Indiana Medical College, Dr. Dunning moved to Indianapolis in order to accept 
the position of adjunct professor of diseases of women in that institution and also to practice 
his profession as with reference to the diseases of women and of abdominal surgery. On the 
death of Dr. T. B. Harvey, who had held the chair of diseases of women in the college for 
twenty years, Dr. Dunning was elected his successor, a position he still fills, with great 
credit to himself and to the fame of the institution. He has taken very high rank in the 
State as a lecturer and teacher, and also as a safe and successful operator, a great many cases 
having attracted wide attention because of the difficult character of the operations and their 
successful issue. The Doctor is also consulting gynecologist to the city hospital and the 
city dispensary. The Doctor has strong faith in the benefits arising from the association of 
medical men in organizations for mutual improvement, by the interchange of views and by 
other means diffusing knowledge, being a member of the Marion County Medical Society, the 
Indianapolis Surgical Society, the Indiana State Medical Society, the American Medical 
Association and of the American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. He has 
been honored with invitations to read papers before most of these organizations and has for 
the most part complied with these requests, his contributions in all cases being received with 
great favor by the distinguished gentlemen composing the several bodies. At the ninth ses- 
sion of the International Medical Congress, held at Washington, 1887, he read a paper before 
that body, which was most favorably received, a higher compliment than this it being scarcely 
possible to pay, the International Congress being composed of the ablest and most profound 
and progressive physicians of the countries represented. During the administration of 
President Arthur he was a member of the Board of Pension Examiners at South Bend. In 
1892 Dr. Dunning established a private hospital for the treatment of diseases of women and 
abdominal surgery and his efforts in this direction have met with marked success. Outside of his 
regular professional work the Doctor has contributed considerable time and valuable services to 
the cause of humanity and to the good of the community, having for- many years been closely 
identified with and greatly interested in the work of the Young Men's Christian Association. 
He was chairman of the executive committee of the State Association for three vears, and at 
present is serving a second term as president of the Indiana Association. He takes a very 
active and useful part in literary matters and socially is a member of the Commercial Club 
and of the order of Odd Fellows and Indianapolis Literary Club. Dr. Dunning was married 
December 9, 1875, to Miss Harriet Beauchamp, of Edwardsburg, and to them have been born 
three children. The Doctor and his wife are honored and consistent, as well as most useful 
members of the Central Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church. Thus Dr. Dunning, who is 
yet young has along career before him, and is destined to attain a still higher place in the 
ranks of his profession and to extend the sphere of his influence for good. 

Edward E. Schroer. The subject of our sketch, Edward E. Schroer, is a model 
type of the unpretentious citizen, content to persue the even tenor of his way, without osten- 
tation, filling his position in life acceptable to the world. His parents, Herman H. and 
Elizabeth C. Schroer (nee Schoppenhorst), came to America in 1840, from the Province of West- 
phalia, Germany, where they were born July 9, 1815, and November 11, 1819, respectively. 
They were married in Cincinnati, Ohio, September 10, 1841, where Herman H. Schroer was 
eugaged in mercantile business. They removed to Indianapolis, Ind., in 1848, where on 
October 31, 1853, the subject of our sketch, Edward E. Schroer, was born, he being 
the sixth of nine children. After receiving a very ordinary education, such as was afforded 
by the country district schools, he was thrown upon his own resources at the early 
age of fourteen years. He learned the trade of piano finisher, at which he worked steadily 
during the day. At night he applied himself assiduously to study for the purpose of ex- 
tending his meagre education. Having a natural aptitude for books and accounts, he de- 
termined to make himself an expert bookkeeper and accountant, and has succeeded as thor- 
oughly as he could have wished. At an early age he was attracted toward secret societies 
and fraternal organizations, and on December 17, 1874, he became a charter member of 
Indianapolis Lodge, No. 56, K. of P. He served several years as assistant grand keeper of 
records and seal in the grand lodge, K. of P. of Indiana. He then became identified with 



128 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

various other organizations, among them the Royal Arcanum, which he joined October 29, 
1879, becoming a member of Indianapolis Council, No. 328. His thorough knowledge of 
fraternal orders, and his wide awake appreciation of their demands, soon led to his election 
to official positions in his council, and on March 1, 1882, he was chosen as its representa- 
ive to the grand council of Indiana, where he was a prominent member of the committee 
on appeals and grievances. At the session of the grand council held March 7, 1883, he 
was unanimously elected grand secretary, which position he has effectively filled without 
opposition ever since. He has seen the order grow in power and numbers under his ad- 
ministration, and not a little to his own earnest efforts does it owe its success. Mr. Schorer 
is also a prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, O. of E.\ K. of H. and I. O R. M. 
He enjoys a wide acquaintance, aside from his secret society connections, and has tilled 
many positions of trust and importance. He was one of the organizers, and is now an 
active member of the Commercial Club, which has done so much to improve the city of 
Indianapolis. In his political opinion Mr. Schroer is a Republican, and is actively 
identified with the interests of that party, being a member of the Marion Club, and taking 
part in the political councils. He is interested in various charities in a quiet way, and while 
not strictly a church man, he is uniformly correct in morals and deportment. Edward E. 
Schroer was happily married April 17, 1878, to Miss Bettie M. Marley, who now, together 
with two children, Clifford Edward, aged fourteen, and Irene Agnes, aged seven, graces his 
home. Mr. Schroer has for a year past devoted himself almost wholly to the interests of 
the R. A., in the conscientious discharge of bis duties as grand secretary. He is still a 
young man, and if his future achievements are to be judged by his past, he has many years 
of usefulness yet before him. , 

Thomas Taooabt. There is not a more popular citizen and official in Marion County than 
Thomas Taggart who has been twice elected county auditor and whose conduct of the affairs 
of that office has been such as to commend him to the good opinion of the general public 
irrespective of party affiliation. Mr. Taggart is an Irishman by parentage and nativity, hav- 
ing been born in County Monahan, Ireland, in 1856; a son of Thomas and Martha (Kings- 
berg) Taggart, both of whom were descended from worthy families long prominent there. 
The family removed to the United States when young Thomas was a child and located at 
Xenia, Ohio, where the elder Taggart found employment with a railway company and where 
he resides at this time, in the enjoyment of a moderate competency gained by his years of 
honest and prudent industry. Young Thomas Taggart was educated in the public schools 
of Xenia and began his active business career while yet a boy in the hotel and ralway restau- 
rant of E. Cory, who was succeeded by N. & G. Ohmer of that city. In a way, his employ- 
ment gave direction to his after career. Coming to Indianapolis in 1877, he engaged in the 
same business at the Union Station, and through his subsequent political career he has 
retained the proprietorship of the Union Station hotel and restaurant which is popular with 
the entire traveling fraternity. In 1886 Mr. Taggart, who had for some time been a leader 
among the young and progressive element of the Democracy was nominated by his party for 
county auditor and wa9 elected by a majority of 1,700 votes, a most flattering test of his 
popularity. He was made chairman of the Marion County Democratic committee during the 
presidential campaign of 1888. In Indianapolis, the home of the Republican nominee for 
the presidency, the Republican managers confidently counted on a majority for Mr. Harrison 
in Marion County of not less than 1,500 and the Democratic leaders scarcely hoped for any- 
thing better than a reduction of the Republican majority. The brilliant management of Mr. 
Taggart, as chairman of the Democratic County committee, was a surprise to both Repub- 
licans and Democrats and, for the first time in her history, Marion County gave a Democratic 
majority in a presidential year. As county auditor Mr. Taggart gave such complete 
satisfaction that his renommation and re-election were assured long before the time for 
nomination came, and his majority at his second election, in 1890, advanced to 3,580 votes, 
more than double that by which he was first elected. Mr. Taggart probably achieved his 
greatest distinction when he was chosen in January, 1892. to act as chairman of the Democratic 
State committee. Never in the history of the Hoosier State has a party been so thoroughly 
organized as under his generalship during the campaign that followed in the Fall of that 
year. In the face of the fact that the home of the presidential candidate of the opposing 



PUBLIC LIBRAE 

A8T0R . tENOX AHO 



Jfy??teU>€y^fr.£> 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA 129 

party was in Indiana, and that the whole force of Federal office' holders in the State was 
arrayed against him, he succeeded in winning a decided victory for his party. Mr. Taggart 
was married in 1877 to Miss Eva D. Bryant, daughter of C. B. Bryant, of Rock Island, 111. 
He is a member of the Hendricks, Cleveland and Gray clubs; Knights Templar, Scottish 
Bite and Mystic Shrine of Masonry, and is identified with other important organizations and 
interests. Being a young man, fall of vigor, and popular, it is generally conceded by his 
friends that a bright future is before him. 

James Walter Her vet, M. D. There is nothing in the world more beautiful than the 
spectacle of a life that has reached its autumn with a harvest of good and unselfish deeds 
on behalf of humanity. It is like the forest in October days, when the leaves have borrowed 
the richest colors of the light and glow in the mellowed sheen of the Indian summer, reflect- 
ing in their closing days all the radiance of their brief existence. The man who has lived 
for others and has brought into potential exercise the best energies of his mind that he 
might make the world the brighter and better from his being a part of it cannot fail to enjoy, 
a serenity of soul that reveals itself in his walk and conversation. When such a life is 
preserved in its strength and energy so that even in age its work continues unabated, it 
challenges the added admiration of those whose good fortune it is to be brought into con- 
tact with it. Such a life has been and is that of Dr. James Walter Hervey, of Indianapolis, 
a man, who, after preparing himself fully for the noble profession of medicine, entered upon 
his career with a noble purpose of helping his fellows journeying along the road, and this 
consecration of himself has been life long and demonstrated in the most valuable service to 
individuals, the city, the State and the Government. Such a life merits a record of its 
deeds, that the debt due it may be acknowledged and that it may serve as stimulus to others 
to endeavor to emulate it. The subject of our sketch was born of Seotch -Irish parentage, 
near Brookville, Ind., April 5, 1819, and had the misfortune to lose his father when he was 
but five years old, his mother being left a widow with five children, in a new and wild 
country, where there were no schools nor educational facilities of any kind. The devoted 
woman was so solicitous that her offspring should not grow up in ignorance that she moved 
to Hamilton, Ohio, where she had the pleasure of seeing her loved ones enjoy the privileges 
so necessary to their after success in life. Our subject passed through the common schools 
of that place and then spent two years at a select school at Cincinnati, kept by Prof. 
Kemper. This completed his primary education and before his twentieth year he was a 
student of medicine in the office of Dr. John C. Fall, of Preble County, Ohio, with whom 
he remained four years. The mind of the young student was a very receptive one, and at 
the same time, was most investigating and inexorable in its demands for more knowledge. 
Hence, while the library of his preceptor was a very good one, it was too limited for Dr. 
Hervey, who was resolved to acquire everything possible to be known that would better 
qualify him for the noble profession. So he sought and readily obtained access to the 
valuable libraries of Dr. Christian Sayler and Prof. Baker, of Cincinnati, and the very 
superior one of Dr. Crookshank, of Fairfield, these worthy and eminent gentlemen being 
greatly impressed with the studious and ambitious young man and were glad of an oppor- 
tunity to contribute to his sources of gaining knowledge. But the investigating spirit of 
the medical student was not satisfied with these many opportunities and privileges, but 
invested every cent of his spare money in the best books that were procurable. Like so 
many worthy and ambitious youths of America, the young man lacked the means to defray 
his expenses through medical college, so that after this faithful preparation he went to 
Chicago, in the expectation of finding employment with some of the physicians there until 
he could complete his course and gain his diploma. This was before the days of railroads 
in that section of country, and with a brave heart and $50 in his pocket, which a friend had 
loaned him, he mounted a pony, the gift of a friend, and turned the head of the animal 
toward the goal of his desires. This money was all he had to purchase a complete outfit, 
and it was so nearly gone that when he reached Indianapolis, he found it necessary to stop 
for the purpose of recouping his depleted purse. Friends rose up to help him with counsel 
and more material aid, and he accepted an offer of free board, horse feed and a log cabin in 
Hancock County, where the little village of Mount Comfort now stands. Entering upon 

the practice, which he designed should be but for a season or two at most, things so 
9 



130 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

turned out that be remained there seven years. Thus the life work of this worthy man 
and eminent physician and publicist began in a rural district among a plain and simple but 
honest and good people. But it was the best possible school for him. Here as in the 
crowded city the varied forms of disease presented themselves, and to an ardent student like 
him it may be sure that he spent every hour profitably, and with conscientious care he studied 
each separate case, knowing that he must rely upon his own resources. Here he acquired 
self reliance and confidence, so essential in the physician. Dr. Hervey has had a most varied 
experience in his memorable career. He has had patients in the rude log cabin, in village, 
city and hospital ; in the homes of the wealthy, in cellars and garrets, where poverty and 
crime dwell. He has fought and conquered disease in the camp and on the march, and has 
defeated death on the battle-field and in the hospital by his superior knowledge of surgery. 
His advantages have been infinite. He has seen disease treated and surgical operations 
performed at the most famed centers of the old world, and has availed himself of every pos- 
sible means of gaining knowledge in his profession. His life in Hancock was most successful, 
and every day of it was a means of preparation for the larger and more influential fields in 
which he was destined afterward to glean. Many strange and notable events have chanced 
to the Doctor, some of them highly romantic, others that were near to having a tragical 
termination. On one occasion he had a night ride with a maniac, a happening that caused 
much excitement and interest on account of it being published in the newspapers at the time. 
Wherever he has been, whatever the duties he has had to perform, he has always discharged 
them faithfully, and has never failed to win the confidence and the esteem of those to 
whom his services were rendered. Dr. Hervey began the practice of medicine at a time 
when the leading members of the profession were learning that phlebotomy and other means 
of reducing the vital forces to control sthenic condition of the system were inimical to success 
at the bedside. The studious young Doctor become thoroughly persuaded that the practice 
was dangerous, and should be obsolete, and hence, when a severe form of malarial fever, 
designated as "Congestive Fever" broke out in his neighborhood, and the old practitioners 
treated it after the then orthodox methods laid down by Bell and Stokes, Mcintosh and 
others, Dr. Hervey borrowed money and bought quinine at $5.00 an ounce and administered 
it in full doses. The result was that he scarcely lost a cage, while the older physicians lost 
many of theirs in the cold stage. The Doctor, as may readily be supposed, encountered 
much opposition in his course, for it is always the fortune of independent and courageous 
thinkers and doers to be persecuted. He was sued for malpractice because he used nitrate 
of silver and tincture of iodine in small-pox; to prevent pitting; but he was vindicated com- 
pletely in his course and was afterward highly complimented for this course of treatment. 
The case was reported to the Indiana Medical Journal aud other professional periodicals and 
commented on very freely. This case demonstrated fully to the profession that ignorance 
is the very worst enemy that it has to encounter. In 1 850, after seven years of most success- 
ful practice, Dr. Hervey started for Philadelphia, with the object of attending medical lect- 
ures there, but on reaching Indianapolis was persuaded by his old friend, Dr. John S. 
Bobbs, to attend the medical department of Asbury University. After graduating it was his 
purpose to go to Chicago, an intention that had clung to him in the seven years of his resi- 
dence and practice in Hancock, and his old patrons, grateful for the services he had rendered 
them and in admiration of his high character as a neighbor and citizen, made up for him a 
purse of $800, to be used by him whether he rendered service for it or not. This testimo- 
nial so affected him that he decided to protract his stay among the appreciative people, and, 
as a result, he remained in that region nine years longer. Returning from the University, 
he transferred his office to the little village of Oakland, in the northeast corner of Marion 
County, near the junction of Hancock, Mariou and Hamilton Counties, and he entered 
at once upon the practice in the three counties. During his residence at Oakland he 
was a most ardent temperance worker, and wrote a temperance story, entitled "The 
Scroll and the Locket, or the Maniac of the Mound." Busy as was his professional 
life, for his practice was constantly extending, he found time, as all good citizens should, to 
bestow upon political affairs, and his friends, in appreciation of his services and prompted 
by a desire to have him where he could be of the greatest possible good to his constituency, 
nominated and elected him to the Legislature in 1854 from Marion County, it being then 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 131 

entitled to but two representatives. Once introduced into public life, he took a very active 
part in politics until the outbreak of the Civil war. He is a very fluent and persuasive 
speaker and rendered most efficient service to the Republican party in the exciting cam- 
paigns of 1858 and 1860, by the speeches he made at various points in Marion County. 
When Lincoln called for troops the patriotic heart of the Doctor was stirred within him 
and he promptly offered his services to the Governor of Indiana, who accepted them by 
appointing him first assistant surgeon of the Fiftieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He 
remained loyally with the regiment, participating in its battles and marches, until February, 
1863, when he was disabled at the battle of Parker's Cross Roads, which necessitated his return 
home. But a nature like his could not brook idleness, when his friends and good men every- 
where were at work for the great cause, and his disability preventing him from active duty 
in the field, he was appointed surgeon in charge of Burnside Barracks, and acting assistant 
surgeon in the United States army, which position he retained until the close of the war. 
Nowhere did the wounded and the sick receive more sympathetic and skilled treatment than 
at Burnside Barracks. The war ending, Dr. Hervey settled in Indianapolis, where he has 
remained ever since, engaged in the practice of his profession, which speedily became very 
lucrative, and from the outset he was regarded as one of the leading and progressive physi- 
cians of the city. No one has manifested greater interest in the sanitary aud other conditions 
of the city, and no one has labored harder to forward the material interests of the place than 
he. His labors have been especially arduous and successful in the matter of promoting the 
sanitary and hygienic condition of Indianapolis and of the State. The Doctor is a member 
of the Commercial Club, of the Marion County Medieal Society, and of the Indiana State 
Medical Society, having actively participated in the organization of the latter, and has con- 
tributed a number of most valuable papers to its literature, among which are the following: 
(1873) "Utility of the Forces in Diagnosing and Treating Disease;" (1875) "How to Pro- 
cure Medical Legislation ;" (1876) " The Necessity of a State Board of Health and How to 
Obtain it;" (1878) " Public Hygiene, its importance in Maintaining Health;" (1880) " Mental 
Hygiene, the Influence of the Body upon the Mind, How to Elevate Manhood.'' The Doctor 
is a member of that body of distinguished physicians composing the American Medical 
Association. He labored indefatigably to have a State board of health established, and 
to him more than to any other person is due the fact that there is such a body in existence. 
He spent a great deal of time and ardent labor in creating public sentiment in favor of such 
an organization, by pointing out the great good it would accomplish, and wrote a number 
of most able papers for the secular press upon the subject. The State Medical Society 
appointed him a member of the State health commission, which was created for the pur- 
pose of discharging the duties of a State board of health, until such time as the Legislature 
should provide for such a body, and a part of its duties consisted in laboring to effect the 
much desired end. Dr. Hervey remained on this board, laboring tirelessly until its object 
was accomplished, in 1878, and it expired by limitation. While upon this board he wrote 
a number of State papers, which were published in the report of the Bureau of Statistics 
and Geology. Dr. Hervey is a member of the American Public Health Association and also 
of the International Congress, and has two medals, one from the Washington meeting in 
1887 and the other from the last meeting, held at Berlin, Germany. While in Europe the 
Doctor visited the principal hospitals, medical centers, etc. , and it may be safely assumed 
that his bright, vigorous, receptive and thoroughly disciplined mind took in everything of value 
that he was brought into contact with. Dr. Hervey has in process of construction a sphyg- 
mometer, by which he obtains the motion power of the pulse, and he is confident that this 
instrument will be of the greatest value to the profession in determining, in diagnosing and 
treating heart troubles of all kinds. The Doctor has a very facile pen and has written a 
history of the medical profession of Hancock County, published in the history of that county 
by King & Buiford. He organized the first old settlers' reunion, of Marion, Madison, Han- 
cock and Hamilton Counties, and was president of the association for twenty years. He 
has been a valued contributing member of the Masonic order for nearly fifty years, and is a 
greatly cherished member of that ancient body. Dr. Hervey is likewise a member of 
George H. Thomas Post, G. A. R., at Indianapolis. He took a very active part in promot- 
ing public school hygiene and he was appointed by the Marion County Medical Society 



132 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

chairman of a committee to investigate into the health condition of the city schools. Carry- 
ing out the design of the committee, he visited all the schools, reported their condition and 
recommended many improvements, which he has had the pleasure of seeing made. The 
same authority named him member of a committee to investigate into the character of the 
water supply of the city and he spent some time analysing the supply in different portions 
of the city, with the result that some was found polluted and unfit for consumption. The 
pen of the Doctor has been used freely in considering the great public questions that have 
concerned the country, and he is most favorably known as a contributor to the newspapers 
upon the great vital questions of State that have come up for consideration duriDg the past 
forty years, there being scarcely one that he has failed to write upon in his felicitous and 
convincing style. Two biographies of Dr. Hervey have already been published, one in the 
History of Hancock County, by King & Buiford, of Greenfield, Ind., and tbe other in the 
Boys in Blue, by Samuel Hardin, of Anderson, Madison County, Ind. There are also two 
biographical sketches of him in press, one in the History of the Indiana Legislature, by the 
Hon. William H. English, of Indianapolis, and the other in a history of Eminent Physi- 
cians, by R. French Stone, M. D. , of Indianapolis. Thus the life of this eminent physician 
and loyal citizen has been spent, his pen and his voice devoted to the diffusion of knowl- 
edge and the best efforts of his skill being employed in alleviating the distress of humanity. 
The influence of such a life will long survive its stay on earth aud those yet unborn will be 
blessed by the works, labor and the patience of James Walter Hervey, who has never lost an 
opportunity for doing good. Such a man is an honor to the city in which he lives and to 
the age in which his works have been done. 

Prof. C. E. Emmerich has devoted all the years of his early manhood to a good purpose. 
Public education in Iudiana has no more earnest advocate and co-operator than he. No one 
more thoroughly understands and appreciates its needs and interests, and perhaps no one is 
better qualified, through long experience and loving labor in its behalf, to bring it to that 
high state of perfection which its present rapid advancement assures. Personally he is a 
polished and cultured gentleman, and his agreeable manners and genial qualities have won 
for him hosts of friends among the prominent people in this part of the State. To his pupils 
he stands a shining example of what a foreigner may accomplish by energy, industry and 
brains. This gentleman was born in Coblenz, Prussia, on the banks of the River Rhine, 
August 25, 1845, and is a son of Phillip and Barbara (Arenz) Emmerich, both of whom 
died in Germany. The father was in Government service in that country and was a man 
possessed of more than ordinary ability. He was the father of a large family of children 
and our subject was the eldest child by his second marriage. The latter was reared amid 
the beautiful scenes of the River Rhine and received a thorough education, graduating from 
the Gymnasium Classical School. At the age of eighteen he entered the Prussian army 
with the intention of serving but circumstances made him change his mind after one year's 
service. In 1865 ho sailed for America and in due course of time reached the city of New 
York. He had been quite ill during the voyage and after reaching tbe iL land of the free" 
he thought it would improve his health very materially to go west. He reached Kansas and 
for some time attended a private English school for the purpose of perfecting himself in the 
English language. In 1868 he began teaching the country schools in the central part of 
Kansas and this continued until 1871 when he was appointed to a position in the high school 
at Madison, Ind. There he remained until 1873 when he came to Indianapolis where he has 
since been a teacher in the high schools of this city. In 1892 he was elected to his present 
position as principal of High School No. 2. He is considered one of the best educators in the 
city and enjoys to the fullest extent the respect of his fellow men as well as of his pupils. 
For many years he was president of the "Maennerchor " society of which he is now an hon- 
orary member, and he is also a member of the Indianapolis Literary Club. Politically he 
affiliates with the Democratic party. In the year 1878 he married Miss Gertrude Kerwer of 
Wiesbaden, Germany, and they have four interesting children: Max, Else, Emily and 
Gertrude. 

John Maynard Butler is by many regarded as Indiana's leading lawyer. He is 
one of the notable great lawyers who have all through their lives devoted themselves 
exclusively to the law, eschewing politics as in any sense an occupation or profes- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 133 

sion and declining constantly all offers of political preferment. Mr. Butler was born in 
Evansville, Ind., September 17, 1834, a son of Calvin and Malvina (French) Butler, both 
natives of Vermont. His father was a shoemaker in early life, but later obtained a classical 
education at Middlebury College and took a thorough course at Andover, Mass. Coming 
west to preach, he settled at Evansville, Ind. Later he removed to northern Illinois and 
there died in 1854. The family was large and at times means were limited and John had 
early to learn the lesson of self dependence at least partially. At the age of twelve he 
became a clerk in a store and later was otherwise employed. The strength of his character and 
his longing for excellence manifested themselves in those years, and by the exercise of self- 
denial he succeeded in entering Wabash Collegfc, at Crawfordsville, in 1851, and through his 
own efforts, with partial help, was enabled to graduate from that institution in 1856. Upon 
the day of his graduation he was elected president of the Female Seminary at Crawfordsville, 
which position he held three years, later becoming principal of the High School. Meantime 
he studied law. After a tour in the Northwest in quest of a suitable location for the practice 
of his profession, he returned to Crawfordsville in November, 1861, and at once entered upon 
a large and lucrative practice, residing there until 1871, when he removed to Indianapolis 
and succeeded Judge A. L. Boache as partner with the late Senator Joseph £. McDonald. 
The two men had many experiences in common. Each was the architect of his own fortune. 
The same county seat and college town was the scene of their first triumphs and each after- 
ward left that town for the State Capital where they won success and reputation even beyond 
their most sanguine hopes. Differing from his distinguished partner, politically, he has 
always been an ardent and consistent member of the Republican party and has taken no 
inconsiderable part in advancing its interests. Aspiring to no office and, as has been stated, 
declining nominations, he has yet been an active worker in political campaigns, but has, 
through all, retained, in a remarkable degree, the respect of those whom he has opposed. His 
political speeches have been extensively published, and he is a popular orator as well as a 
learned and successful lawyer. As a jurist he stands in the first rank in a bar which embraces 
in its list many of the ablest lawyers in the country. During recent years he has spent much 
time at the National Capital in response to the demands of his extensive practice in the 
Supreme Court of the United States and in other tribunals there. Mr. Butler was married 
in April, 1857, to Miss Susan W. Jennison, of Crawfordsville, who has borne him a son and 
a daughter. He is a member of the Second Presbyterian Church of Indianapolis and is one 
of its ruling elders. 

Giles A. Bradley. In Indianapolis and vicinity operations in real estate during the 
past few years have been particularly active, and among those prominently identified with 
transactions in this direction is Giles S. Bradley who is an active member of the firm of 
Bradley & Denny, whose offices are well and conveniently located in the business districts 
of the city. These gentlemen are experienced and practical in all that pertains to 
the sale and handling of realty, and are ever ready to offer the best inducements to all seek- 
ing homes or looking for good-paying, first -class investments in houses and lands. The 
operations of the firm are conducted on a large scale and a brisk business is being carried on. 
Mr. Bradley owes his nativity to Oswego County, N. Y., June 10, 1840, and came of New 
England parentage for his father, Eli Bradley, was born in Litchfield County, Conn. When 
a young man he removed to New York where be followed the occupation of farming and 
served for a short time in the War of 1812. He was married to Miss Sally Lamb, alsoanative 
of Connecticut, and to their union six children were born. Eli Bradley died in December, 
1862, his widow surviving him until 1871. Giles A. Bradley was reared on a farm in his 
native State and his early education was obtained in the common schools. At the opening 
of the Civil War he walked twelve miles with some companions to enlist in Company A, One 
Hundred and Forty-seventh New York Infantry, but in December, 1868, was transferred to 
the Twenty-fourth New York Cavalry. He served until the close of the war, being dis- 
charged in June, 1865. He was in the most notable battles of Virginia, and some of the most 
important of the engagements in which he took part during his term of service were Gettys- 
burg, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and the Welding Railroad raid. 
His health was much impaired by hardships he met with during the war and he now draws 
a pension of $8 per month. Shortly after the war terminated he went to Toledo, Ohio, 



134 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

from which place he came, in 1869, to Indianapolis and about a year later began dealing in 
real estate, at which he has since been remarkably successful. In following this line of busi- 
ness he has been associated with Mr. Denny for the past seven years, and owns nearly all the 
real estate which they sell. In 1869 Mr. Bradley united his fortunes with those of Miss 
Celestia Bailey, a native of Fulton County, Ohio. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., the G. 
A. R. (in which he has held various official positions), and politically is a Republican and at 
all times faithful to the interests of that party. 

Nathan D. Woodard, M. D. The subject of our sketch is descended from a member 
of the body of Friends, or Quakers, as they; are commonly called, his father having been 
born in that society in North Carolina, where the name of Friend, or Quaker, is synonymous 
with honesty and uprightness. That father, Silas H. Woodard, was in every way worthy to 
be enrolled in the membership of that pious band of Christian people. Nathan D. Wood- 
ard, M. D., of Indianapolis, was born in Parke County, Ind., September 30, 1849, his father 
having emigrated to this State when a young man, and was one of the pioneers of Parke 
County, settling in the wild forest and with his own hands wielding the ax that felled the 
giant trees and guiding the plow afterward that made fruitful fields of the ground. He was 
a very successful farmer and accumulated a competency. The father married Emily Allen, 
a native of Parke County and daughter of Solomon Allen, a native of Virginia and one of 
the pioneers of that county, he also being of Quaker stock, and dying at the age of ninety- 
five. Silas H. Woodard and wife were the parents of eleven children, nine boys and two 
girls, the two latter being dead, while all the boys are living. Silas Woodard died in 1861, but 
his wife is living. Our subject was the seventh in the order of birth, and, like the other 
children, was reared upon the farm, receiving his education first in the public schools and 
afterward in Bloomingdale Academy. At the age of twenty he began teaching school and 
followed this successfully for five years. In the year 1877 he began the study of medicine, 
a work he had long been revolving in mind and upon which he had decided with the whole 
strength of his being. His preceptor was Dr. Daniel Carey, of Carmel, Ind., who had at 
that time been engaged in active practice for forty-one years and had been most successful 
in his treatment of disease. In the following year Dr. Woodard entered the Physio- Medical 
College of Indiana, took two full courses and graduated in 1879. He then located atColoma, 
Ind., and practiced two years, after which he moved to Richmond, Ind., and a year later 
was appointed demonstrator of anatomy in the Physio- Medical College of Indiana and 
removed to Indianapolis, where he has since resided. Two years subsequent to coming here 
he was appointed to the chair of general and descriptive anatomy in the college, which he 
held until the fall of 1892, when he was elected to the chair of materia medica and thera- 
peutics, which he still holds. Dr. Woodard is also president of the faculty of the college. 
He is a member of the Physio- Medical (National) Association of Physicians and Surgeons, 
of the Indiana State Physio-Medical Association and the Indianapolis Physio- Medical So- 
ciety, and has been president of the State Association. The Doctor is a member of the 
K. of P. He was 'married in 1877 to Ellen Carey, who died a year later. His 
second marriage occurred March 20, 1879, to Mary C. Newsom, a native of Bartholomew 
County, and the daughter of Luke and Elizabeth Newsom. Dr. and Mrs. Woodard are the 
parents of two children: Mary E. and Grace M. They are members of the Society of 
Friends, being consistent followers of the organization founded by George Fox, and whose 
principles were so ably defended by the illustrious William Penn. In politics the Doctor is 
a firm believer in the teachings of the Republican party, giving to its candidates a hearty 
support. 

William Arnold Anderson. Among the valuable men who came to this country from 
England, bringing with them the sturdy characteristics of the British yeomanry, none are 
more esteemed in Marion County, Ind., than the gentleman whose name we have now given, 
and who is one of the substantial and worthy farmers of his section. His birth occurred at 
Norwich, December 16, 1820, and he there grew to manhood and received his education. His 
father was a baker and confectioner and our subject remained under the parental roof until 1847, 
when he came to this country. He had learned his father's trade and was married in his 
native country on October 6, 1845, to Miss Sarah P. Barber, daughter of Robert Barber, of 
London, where she was born. In April, 1847, our subject and his wife took passage from 



yh^QjfcnrvUA^ 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 135 

London in a bark for America and landed in Boston after a seven weeks' voyage. His des- 
tination was Milton, Ind., where an acquaintance, Edward Nudd, of Norwich, had preceded 
him by nine years. After remaining there a few weeks Mr. Anderson moved to Hamilton 
county, Ind., in September, 1847, and went to work on 160 acres of land belonging to Ben- 
jamin Whisler, who had come over with him. Here he worked for some time and then, in 
the summer of 1849, he took a contract to clear six miles of the right of way for the old 
Peru Bailroad, which had been laid with flat bar from Indianapolis to Noblesville, and was 
being extended from Noblesville to Peru. Mr. Anderson employed a number of men and 
went to work to clear the right of way, which he completed and afterward took a contract to 
grade some, which he partially finished and for which he never received any pay, the com- 
pany breaking up. He lost considerable time and money. After this our subject engaged 
as foreman for Prawl & Bradley, contractors for the Memphis & Charleston Bailroad, which 
took him to Tuscumbia, Ala. , where he made his headquarters from June, 1852, till Febru- 
ary, 1853. Then the contractors broke up and our subject lost a portion of his wages. 
Following this Mr. Anderson returned to Indianapolis, Ind., where he remained a short time 
and then went to Noblesville, where he remained until October, 1854. Beturning to Ma- 
rion County, Ind., he accepted a position as foreman of an eight- mile section on the Law- 
renceville & Upper Mississippi Bailroad, now the Big Four, making his home in Acton. This 
he did for four years and then became fuel and claim agent for the company, continuing as 
such until 1872, when he left this and engaged in agricultural pursuits on a tract of 215 
acres he had purchased in Franklin Township. In 1873 he added forty acres to that tract, 
and since 1872 he has farmed exclusively. Of the 255 acres that he owns 220 acres are 
cleared and well cultivated. His befet yield of wheat to the acre was twenty-four bushels, 
but he averages fifty bushels of corn to the acre every year. He also raises oats. Mr. An- 
derson remained on that farm until 1882 and then spent that year and 1883 in Nor- 
wich, England, his old home, visiting the scenes of his childhood and youth. His father 
was then alive, aged ninety- two, but has since died, aged ninety-four. In politics Mr. 
Anderson is a Democrat as a general rule, though he voted for Grant and Lincoln. He 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and is one of the first men of his section. 
To his marriage were born six children, two of whom died young. The others were named 
as follows: George A., born September 7, 1846, lives in Galveston, Tex. He married, first, 
Miss Adelia Drummond, by whom he had one child, Maud, who married Charles L. Clark 
and became the mother of one child, Mary Lucile. George A. Anderson's second mar- 
riage was to Miss Carrie, sister of his first wife, and they have two children, George and 
Carrie. The next child born to our subject was Katherine. John James was born Decem- 
ber 7, 1855, and resides in Indianapolis. He married Miss Myra Peck, of Ohio, and they 
have two sons, Walter and Harold. Emma married Uriah Peck and they have four chil- 
dren: William A., Grace E., Frank and Bachel. Our subject's children now deceased 
were: Mary Ellen, who died when three years of age; the other, Frances W., died at the 
age of nine months. William A. Anderson, father of our subject, was a native of Dun- 
fermtine, Scotland, in 1792, and went to England when about twenty-one years of age, 
locating at Norwich. There he was employed as a pattern drawer for shawls, which were 
made there then. A few years later, business becoming dull in his line, he learned the 
baker and confectioner's trade, which he carried on until 1855, when he retired from busi- 
ness. He married Miss Mary Owen, a native of Wales. 

E. A. P. Hayne8. The jEtna Life Insurance Company, of Hartford, Conn., began 
business in Indiana in 1850 and does an extensive and rapidly-growing business throughout 
the State. The company stands in the front rank of the old line companies doing business 
in Indiana. The business of this company, particularly in the southern half of the State, 
has been principally developed during the last five years, since Mr. E. A. P. Haynes has been 
placed at its head as superintendent of agencies. Mr. Haynes is a hard worker and has, 
through his good judgment and perseverance, accomplished a great deal for his company in 
Indiana. He was born in Boone County, Ind., May 18, 1866, to Eldridge and Maria (El- 
dridge) Haynes, both of whom were born in the Empire State. His parents came to Indiana 
in 1858, settling first in Dearborn County and subsequently in Boone County. His father 
was a contractor. He died AugUBt 24, 1882. His widow still survives him and makes her 



J3« MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

home in Indianapolis with her hod, the subject of this sketch. At the age of six years E. A. 
P. Haynes, with his parents, moved to Clinton County, and at the age of eleven years entered 
the public schools, which he attended for about three years, from eleven to fourteen. At the 
age of fourteen he began teaching school in Clinton County, Ind., and continued in this pro- 
fcnsion for nearly eight yearn. During this time, by good use of his liesure hours he acquired 
a thorough and practical education. In 1882 he entered the life insurance business, to 
which he has since devoted his time and energies. He is a member in good standing of the 
F. & A. M. and I. O, O. F. fraternities. He is a member of the Indiana State executive 
committee of the Young Men's Christian Association and also one of the directors of the 
Indianapolis Association. He was married on November 25, 1886, to Cora I. Schwinn, of 
Madison County, Ind., a daughter of Jacob and Emily F. (Ellis) Schwinn, the former of 
whom was born in Germany and the latter in North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Haynes have 
one child, Hazel E., who was born November 2, 1887. They are both members of the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church. 

Hokaok F. Wood. A livery stable is a most essential institution, both for pleasure and 
convenience. To be able to command at any moment a horse and rig for a drive in the 
country or for biiHineKs or other purposes, is a privilege the value of which cannot be too 
highly estimated. Foremost among the liveries of Indianapolis, is the well known resort of 
Horace F. Wood. This stable, from the large business it does, not only exemplifies the 
importance of the city, but reflects credit upon its management. Mr. Wood engaged in the 
business in 1881 on the Circle, the business having been originally established on the same 
ground in 1834 by John Wood, the grandfather of the present proprietor. He was one of 
the early settlers of the place, having come to this section from Maysville, Ky., in 1834. He 
was the tirst person in the region to take horses and mules south to New Orleans overland 
for sale, before there were boat or railroad connections with that city. He was extensively 
engaged in this business and usually had from 300 to 500 head of animals on hand. Later 
he shipped by boat and as the country settled up and improved, by rail. He was a shrewd 
and successful man of business but his kind heart and loyalty to his friends often overcame 
his discretion and he at one time lost over $100,000 through endorsing another's note. How- 
ever, he retrieved his losses in a great measure aud left a large estate to his heirs. His son, 
John M. Wood, the father of the subject of this sketch, often made trips south with his 
father when a boy, and may be said to have been reared to the livery business and to handling 
stock. He was born in Maysville, Ky., May 28, 1815, to which region his. parents, John 
and Mary (West) Wood came at an early day. John Wood was a native of New York and 
his wife of Ohio, and their union was consummated in Kentucky in 1811, soon after which 
they came to Indianapolis, Ind., where the father at once engaged in the livery business. 
The male members of the Wood family have always been great lovers of the horse and two 
brothers of John Wood dealt extensively in those animals. John M. Wood was nineteen 
years old at the time of his parents' removal to Indiana and had conducted his father's liv- 
ery business for five years prior to the latter' b death, after which he succeeded him in the 
business, in 1840. Later, in 1S49, the firm became Wood & Foudray, and this partnership 
continued harmoniously until the death of Mr. Foudray in 1878. During this time their rep- 
utation as first-class liverymen became widespread and while the war was in progress they 
were very active in the purchase of horses and succeeded in supplying the Government over 
11, 000 head. Mr. Wood continued in the business until 1881, when he was succeeded by 
his son, Horace F., who is the present proprietor. At the present time this establishment 
is one of the largest and most successful, as well as the oldest in the city, if not in the State, 
liike his father before him he was reared in the business and thoroughly understands every- 
thing connected with it and has shown himself to be a "chip of the old block" in that he 
has ever been thorough going and enterprising. He keeps constantly on hand forty-seven 
head of horses for livery purposes, a large number of vehicles of all kinds, and which are 
always in good repair and ready for use and he does an extensive and paying boarding busi- 
ness, having ab nit eighty head under his care. He has a sale department also and buys and 
sMIs nlnvit twenty- five head per month, having competent men in charge of the latter. The 
business averages ab nit $o\000 or $7,000 ner month, from which it can be seen that it is a 
very plying one. Daring 1SS8, when Willoughby Walling was United States Consul to 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 137 

Glasgow, Scotland, a partnership was formed for the importation of Shetland ponies and 
about 300 were brought over and sold at the Wood stables. Prior to 1840, John M. Woo$, 
the father of the subject of this sketch, was a member of the Marion County Guards for a 
number of years. Originally a Whig he has supported the Republicans since the organiza- 
tion of that party, and although often solicited by his numerous friends to run for office he 
has invariably declined, much preferring to devote his entire attention to his business. 
August 20, 1840, he was married to Margaret A. Gresham, who was born near Frankfort, 
Ky., a daughter of Joseph Gresham. Mr. and Mrs. Wood are the parents of eight children, 
six of whom are living: Sarah B., Fannie, Charles H., Horace F., Frank G. and Harry N. 
Those deceased are Mary and John. Mr. Wood deserves great credit for the success which 
has attended his efforts for he started in business without help from anyone and has accumu- 
lated a great deal of valuable property. In 1864, in connection with a partner, he purchased 
400 acres of land in Washington and Franklin townships, on which they, for many years, 
raised blooded horses. At the present time he still owns a large portion of this farm and 
carries on the same business with his usual success. Horace F. Wood first saw the light of 
day in Indianapolis, August 30, 1857, and in the public schools of that city he was educated 
and graduated from the high school. November 8, 1882, he was married to Miss Kose 
Graham, a native of Spencer, Ind., and daughter of Benjamin M. and Margaret A. (Beach) 
Graham, natives of Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Wood have one child, John G., who was born 
August 6, 1883. Mr. Wood is a member of the K. of P. and the F. & A. M., in which he 
has attained to the Scottish Bite degree, and he alt-o belongs to the Oriental League, the 
Columbia Club and the Country Social Club. He is a wide-awake and enterprising young 
man and politically supports the men and measures of the Republican party. 

Dk. Conradin (Jacob) Homburg was born at Wachenheim in the Palatinate of Bavaria, 
November 16, 1798, as the elder son of an apothecary in that little town. He received the 
preparatory education for entering the university and in 1819 he went to Marburg to study 
medicine. As was customary in those days among students of means and ability, his study 
also comprehended different philosophical, even theological branches. He was a young man 
of liberal views and as a matter of course became a member of the "Tugendbund" which was 
a patriotic union of students and young professors who, inspired by the victories over Na- 
poleon, maintained the claim of the people to participate at the Legislature and at public 
affairs. Such an endeavor appeared unjustified and dangerous to the autocratic rulers of that 
time although nothing more was asked but what was promised at the time of need and dis- 
tress. He was a student at Wurzburg when he became a fugitive on account of his political 
convictions and fled to Switzerland. In 1826 he emigrated to Holland and thence to America. 
In the latter country he met with his old friend and classmate, Wesselhoeft, who was editing 
the Weltbote. Dr. Homburg began editing the paper in the eastern part of Pennsylvania 
but he never had much to say about this period of his career. As he had always been an 
outspoken character and not practical in financial affairs, it is safe to conclude that as an 
editor he was a failure. He had studied surgery under Textor and pathology and thera- 
peutics under Schoenlein with fairly good results, and he now began the study of medicine 
again under the influence of Dr. Herring of Philadelphia. In the middle of the thirties he 
settled in Shelby ville, Ind., to practice homoeopathy. However he was never a true disciple 
of homoeopathy but his excellent medical education and his good common sense kept him 
from the peculiarities and extravagances of the original teaching. He was rather a follower 
of Hempel with some inclination to Rademacher. In later years he studied Niemeyer, at 
least the practical parts and adopted the principles of the school of Vienna although it can- 
not be said with any certainty that he ever had based his diagnosis on pathological anatomy. 
Although he did not localize sickness with much perfectness, he had a sound judgment of 
the character of the disease and had that great gift of influencing the minds of his patients. 
Dr. Homburg practiced medicine in Shelbyville for seven years and all his fellow citizens 
had to share with him or to oppose him, but he was recognized by all to be sincere, honest 
and dutiful. Wood-chopping was his pastime and peach-eating his recreation. He never 
drank a drop of whisky. While a resident of Shelbyville a quack by the name of Jacob 
Townsend made his appearance and people made the joke — "who is the true Jacob ? ,J Dr. 
Homburg's given name was Jacob also. He applied to the Legislature to have his name changed 



~! 



138 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

to Conradin and was successful. Id 1843 Judge Morrison, of Indianapolis, came to Shelbyville 
to hold a trial on a poison case. A physician, with whom Dr. Homburg had had some 
trouble, was gravely involved and Dr. Homburg had to testify as an expert. He made such 
a clear and scientific exposition of the different actions of opium, belladonna and other nar- 
cotics and made such a deep impression on both the judge and the jury that his enemy was 
acquitted at once. The judge then approached Dr. Homburg and shaking hands with him 
said: "Doctor, come to us in Indianapolis, we need such a man." This he did in 1844 and 
became the physician and friend of the Morrison family for lifetime. His practice was 
limited at first to families of the English tongue, but on account of his many peculiarities 
mostly due to his German sentiment, his clientele changed slowly to German nearly exclu- 
sively. He never associated with his English colleagues but treated them always as gentle- 
men. At the time the Republican party was formed he took a great interest in politics and 
came in nearest contact with all German families residing here. He gained a great influence 
before and during the war. Dr. Homburg was a quick thinker and a good judge of men and 
political affairs but in his actions he usually fell short. His sentiments were also pronounced 
but he was never able during his life to counterbalance reason and sentiments harmoniously. 
He was an enthusiast and thus he presided in 1852 at the German meeting in Wheeling, W. 
Va , where the motion was adopted that America should annex Europe. Then he started a 
lodge with a view of promulgating friendship, German literature and German social life. 
Originally there was no trace of selfishness in him, but his kindness was often misplaced or 
misunderstood or abnsed. All that caused his occasional harshness, his inexplicable aversion 
and his irregularity in later life. During the last ten years of his life he was interested only 
in political gossip and Germau literature. He had a deep religious sentiment, although he 
never was a church member. He was never married. Friends cared for him during a long 
illness of bronchial and heart troubles and dropsy. In the fall of 1876 his friends celebrated 
his fiftieth anniversary of American life and donated him $1,000 in cash. From this time 
on he was mostly confined to his home but received many distinguished travelers, for instance, 
Jordan, Bodenstedt and others. It can be said that for two decades Dr. Homburg was the 
social and spiritual center of the Germau population in Indianapolis. He died February 11, 
1881. and was cremated at Washington, Penn. 

Guido Bell, M. D. The noble profession of medicine affords to the student in that 
science a never ending source of investigation and experiment. New remedies are constantly 
being discovered, steady progress is being made in surgery and new diseases are presenting 
themselves under varying forms of civilization. Whatever may be said of the discoveries in 
other fields of knowledge, and certainly they are astonishing, it can be truthfully said of this 
science that not one can equal it iu the great strides it is making toward a comprehensive grasp 
of the whole subject of mau, in relation to health and disease and the prevention and cure of' 
ills that flesh is heir to. In the noble army of workers in this great field may be found the 
name of Dr. Guido Bell who is classed among the prominent physicians of Indianapolis. He 
was born near Strasburg, Germany, September 4, 1839, and is a son of Leonard and Anna 
(Lengenberger) Bell, also natives of the old country. The father has devoted his life to the 
profession of veterinary surgery and is still a resident of Germany. For many years he was 
in the service of the Government in his professional capacity, but a few years ago he retired 
from the active duties of life on account of old age. The youth of our subject was passed in his 
native country and he attended a regular course in the schools of his native town. In the 
fall of 1859 he entered the University Freiburg and in 1861 passed the first examination on 
general scientific topics. After this he became assistant of Prof. Spiegelburg's clinic in the 
university, in which capacity he served over a year, during a terrible siege of fever. He was 
taken sick with the same which interrupted his medical studies and for a longtime his health 
was poor. Subsequently he went to Tubingen to hear Niemeyer and Bruns. In April, 1865, 
he graduated at Freiburg and on returning home he met Mr. Wocher who requested him to 
correspond with Dr. Klein of Indianapolis, the latter having about decided to return to Ger- 
many. The outcome of this correspondence was that in December, 1865, Dr. Bell crossed 
the ocean to America, came direct to Indianapolis, and took up the practice left by Dr. Klein. 
This practice the Doctor has continued ever since and he is classed among the leading and 
successful practitioners of the healing art in the city. He is a member of the State Medical 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 139 

Association, Marion County Medical Society and the Mississippi Valley Medical Association. 
He is associate editor of Memorabilien, a German medical journal published atHeilbronn, 
Germany. For a long time after coming to America Dr. Bell operated largely in surgery 
and was the originator of several difficult and commendable methods of operation. He was 
physician to one of the German orphan asylums of Indianapolis for seventeen years and has 
been physician to the Lutheran Orphan Asylum since its establishment. He is also consult- 
ing physician to the city dispensary. In the year 1866 the Doctor was united in marriage to 
Miss Catherine Miller who died a few months later. His second marriage occurred on 
March 11, 1869, and six children were born to this uniou. One son, Leonard, is a prom- 
ising young physician in the city hospital. Mrs. Bell died in May, 1890. 

Charles E. Reynolds. No investment is surer of more enhancing value than one 
judiciously made in real estate, and there are few men in business circles who show so much 
fitness for their avocation in that they are wide awake, experienced, reliable and energetic 
as Charles E. Reynolds, whose projects have been wholly within the sharply defined lines 
of honest motive, as a real estate agent. He came to Indianapolis in 1853 with Mb parents 
and was educated in the public schools, after which he served an apprenticeship at the railroad 
business. In 1887 he began dealing in real estate, which he has since carried on success- 
fully, as a leader in this brauch of human endeavor. He has owned real estate in the 
various additions of the city, among which are Haughville, West Indianapolis, North 
Tuxedo and others. He has always been conservative in his method of conducting his 
affairs, has never favored "booms," but notwithstanding this is decidedly enterprising. He 
believes that in the long run the city's fortunes are best conserved by steady and honest 
growth, and that his views are respected is shown in the satisfactory patronage which he has 
drawn to him, and there are few, indeed, who so well merit success. His character has 
been molded after the patterns of honest intelligence and moral rectitude. He owes his 
nativity to the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was born April 16, 1848, a son of Samuel 
and Hannah (Grisell) Reynolds, natives of Columbiana County, Ohio, and early residents 
of the city of Indianapolis. Mr. Reynolds was married in 1876 to Miss Mary E. Godey, a 
native of Ohio, and to their union the following children have been given: Ulela and Zella 
(twins), and Mary A. Politically Mr. Reynolds has been a supporter of Republicanism, 
but is by no means a partisan in local affairs, preferring to support the men whom he 
thiuks will use their influence for the best interests of the city. 

Caleb Belles, son of " Major " John Belles, one of the original settlers of Marion 
County, Ind., was born in Scott County, Ky., July 29, 1811, on a farm occupied by his 
father, near Georgetown. Until ten years of age our subject lived and received his school- 
ing in Scott County, but at that age he accompanied his father and family to Indiana. They 
came direct to Marion County and located on Pleasant Run, where Major Belles rented 
eighty acres of James Bradley. On this was a good clearing and a log cabin and here they 
resided about a year, raising a crop of corn. In the fall of the same year they moved on to 
a tract of eighty acres in Franklin Township, lying along the Michigan road, aud settled in 
the green timber. A log cabin was erected, and although they had nothing to help them- 
selves with except their own hands and stnrdy independence, they entered upon the ardu- 
ous task of clearing the farm. Major Belles paid $1.25 an acre for this tract, and about four 
years later entered eighty acres more adjoining, at the same price. On this he passed the 
remainder of his days. He was married in Scott County, Ky., to Miss Artemesia Tarleton, 
daughter of Caleb Tarleton, and ten children were the fruits of this union, one of whom, an 
infant, died in Kentucky. Nine grew to mature years and their names are as follows: 
John J., (deceased), was first married to Miss Margaret Ross, who bore him five children. 
His next union was with Miss Rachel Bodeman and they became the parents of four chil- 
dren. Henry T., resides near Paris, Mo. He married Miss Mary Belles, daughter of Henry 
Belles, but she is now deceased. Caleb (our subject), was married in 1836 to Miss Mary 
O'Neil, daughter of Lewis O'Neil, and they have had five children, four of whom are now 
liviug, as follows: John J., Lewis, William and Mary C. Harrison Belles, deceased, was 
married in Missouri to Miss Nancy Payne. He left several children. Richard, deceased, 
married Miss Elizabeth Glazier and they had a family of children. Mary Ann Belles, de- 
ceased, married John Tyner and became the mother of one child, who died in infancy; Dr. 



140 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Joshua Belles, resides in Spencer, lad. His first marriage resulted in the birth of one 
daughter. For his second wife the Doctor chose the widow of Thomas Tull, of Marion 
county. She died and left several children. Nancy married John Rudisil, and they have 
children, and Katherine, deceased, was the wife of Dr. John Johnson, and they lived in 
Iowa. "Major" John Belle3, father of these children, was a Whig in politics and 
affiliated with that party up to the time of his death. Mrs. Belles, mother of the children, 
died in August following their arrival in Indiana, and in the fall of that year the Major 
moved on the Michigan road and opened a tavern, which acquired a great reputation. Caleb 
Belles, our subject, was cook, and acted as such for over two years, when the Major married 
again, his second wife being Dorcas Snell nee Sanders. One daughter, Artemesia, was 
born to this union. She married Thomas Ash brook, who is now deceased. Caleb Belles lived 
on his father's farm until 1836, when he married Miss Mary O'Neil, as before stated, and 
shortly after moved to Franklin Township, where he settled on eighty acres of land he had 
purchased from his brother James, paying $1.50 per acre. He at once commenced to clear 
up a little place for a cabin, and on that tract he resided until about 1877, when he came to 
Acton to live. He is now retired from the active duties of life, and he and his most estima- 
ble companion are passing the remainder of their days in the enjoyment of the fruits of 
their labor. No better citizens find their home in the county than Mr. Belles and his worthy 
wife. Both are exemplary members of the Missionary Baptist Church and for years he was 
deacon in the same. He has been a member since seventeen years of age. Our subject's 
eldest child, John J., resides in Indianapolis. He married Miss Martha A. Kemper, daugh- 
ter of H. M. Kemper, and they have three children, Julia, Otie A. and Harry. Lewis Belles, 
resides in Douglas County, 111. He married Miss Mary B. Foncannon and they have 
four children, Charles, Mary, Arthur and Scott. William, deceased, married Miss Lizzie 
Manpin and they had one daughter, Willie Mary, and Mary C, of Lexington, Ky., is the 
wife of B. T. Buford. They have no children. Our subject became the owner of consider- 
able land but sold all but forty acres when he came to Acton, and gave the proceeds of the 
sale of forty acres to his children. Lewis O'Neil, father of Mrs. Belles, was born in Galla- 
tin County, Ky., aud he was married in that State to Miss Catherine Orr, daughter of Will- 
iam Orr, a native of Virginia, Culpeper County and a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Mr. 
O'Neil came to Indiana in 1826 and settled in Marion County, where he made his home 
until his death in 1841. He was the father of ten children, nine of whom grew to manhood 
and womanhood, but only Mrs. Belles is now living. 

Thomas E. Spafford. The life of Mr. Spafford has been marked by deep conviction of duty, 
which has led him to conscientiously* regard all trusts reposed in him. Possessed of praise- 
worthy ambition to succeed, he has applied himself with great diligence to business, seizing 
all opportunities for informing himself thoroughly as to minor details. This explains his ready 
grasp of the whole field of operations and the signal success that has attended his business 
career. Such a man becomes a sure and safe trustee for others, who can bo assured that he 
will act for them as for himself. Mr. Spafford has charge of the interests of the gas com- 
pany at Haughville, a position he has ably held for over four years, and that he is the right 
man in the right place cannot be denied. He was born near Picton, Prince Edward County, 
Canada, July 13, 1854, a son of Guy S. Spafford, who was a native of the same locality. 
Ira Spafford, the paternal grandfather, was born in the State of Massachusetts, and when a 
young man went to Prince Edward County, Canada, and settled on the farm upon which 
Guy S. Spafford now resides, and has resided for over seventy years, during which time he has 
tilled the soil with great success. Thomas E. Spafford attended the schools of his native 
county, but at the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to learn the trade of a machinist at 
Belleville, where he remained four years with W. H. Walbridge, in the Victoria foundry. 
For some time after this he labored in the iron works at Oshawa, Godridge and the Lake 
on the Mouutain. In 1878 he came to the States and located first at Cincinnati, Ohio. 
The same year he came to Indianapolis and for some time thereafter was in the employ of 
the Eagle Machine Works, after which he entered the service of the firm of Haugh & Co., 
which is now known as Brown, Ketcham & Co. While with them he acted in the capac- 
ity of foreman until 1881, at which time he established the first store in Haughville, in 
which the first postoflfice of the place was located and of which he became postmaster dur- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 141 

ing President Garfield's administration. His establishment comprised a stock of general 
merchandise, and he carried on a very successful business until July, 1892, when he gave 
it up to take charge of the interests of the gas company at Haughville, which were so 
extensive as to demand all his time and attention. Mr. Spafford is a man who never suffers 
his business to push him., but, on the contrary, is constantly on the lookout for means of 
extending the business. He has served as a member of the school board, of which he was 
secretary one term; is a friend to every enterprise which tends to extend the influence of 
Haughville, and by building up her business and mercantile interests he has proven him- 
self an excellent and useful citizen. 

Thomas R. Mount. Special adaptability to any particular calling in life is the one 
necessary adjunct to permanent success. No matter the vim and determination which char- 
acterizes a man's start in business, unless he is to the manor born, he will find to his sor- 
row that his line has been falsely cast, and the quicker he draws aside and takes up another 
calling the better it will be for him. The career of Thomas R. Mount has been one of suc- 
cess and he is to-day in the enjoyment of a competency which is the result of noble energies 
rightly applied. He was born in Shelby County, Ky., on October 5, sixty- five years ago, 
his parents being Atwell and Lucinda (Fullenwider) Mount, who were born in Virginia and 
Pennsylvania, respectively, the birth of the former occurring on what many years later be- 
came the old Bull Ran battlefield. Both Mr. and Mrs. Mount were taken to Kentucky dur- 
ing the pioneer days of that State, at which time he was a lad of eight years, and there they 
grew to maturity, married and resided until one year after the birth of the subject of this 
sketch, their arrival in Indiana dating from November 18, 1829. The remainder of their 
days were spent in Montgomery County, the father's death occurring in 1879 at the age of 
seventy-four years, and the mother's on November 1, 1868, when sixty-eight years of age. 
After coming to this State they settled on a woodland farm in a little log cabin, but this 
afterward gave place to a more pretentious dwelling when their means justified them in 
making this improvement. The old homestead is now owned by Hon. James A. Mount, a 
brother of the subject of this sketch. The parents were members of the Presbyterian 
Church for many years, in which the father was ruling elder. They became the parents of a 
good old-fashioned family of twelve children, all of whom are living with the exception of 
two. Thomas R. Mount was the eldest of these children and received his first instruction 
in the old-time log school-house of his day. He remained with and assisted his father until 
he was twenty- two years of age, then commenced farming for himself and cleared up a farm 
of his own. He continued to reside on this place until about 1873, then moved to Boone 
County, Ind., and four years later to Madison County. In November, 1881, he came to 
Marion County and took up his residence in west Indianapolis and began devoting his atten- 
tion to carpentering, which occupation he has since continued. During this time he has 
erected many of the most substantial business houses and residences in west Indianapolis. 
Six years since his services were employed by Nordyke & Marmon, with which firm he has 
since had charge of the elevator department. In 1852 Mr. Mount led to the altar Miss 
Eliza J. Ward, who died on March 27, 1891, having become the mother of three sons and 
two daughters. On March 22, 1893, he took for his second wife Mrs. Sarah D. Wood, a 
native of Ohio. Mr. Mount was a member of the Presbyterian Church for thirty years, 
but twenty years ago joined the Methodist Church, with which he has since been connected. 
He has been a member of the I. O. O. F. for fifteen years, and since 1856 has been a Re- 
publican in politics. 

Major A. L. Varney, of the ordnance department of the United States army, command- 
ing the Government arsenal at Indianapolis, is a native of Maine and a descendant of one of 
the pioneer families of that State. He was born in 1839, in Windham, Cumberland County, 
Maine, was fitted for college at Westbrook Seminary and was graduated in 1862 from Bow- 
doin College, Brunswick, with the degrees of A. B. and A. M. He entered the service of 
the United States as a lieutenant in the Thirteenth Maine Regiment, Volunteer Infantry, 
which was a part of the Nineteenth Army Corps, serving in the early part of the war in the 
Department of the Gulf. He participated in the Texas campaign in 1863, in the Red River 
campaign in the summer of 1864, and in Sheridan's Shenandoah campaign in the fall of 1864. 
After the cessation of hostilities, he was transferred to the ordnance department (United 



L. 



142 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

States army) and his first duty afterward was to receive the arms of the Iowa volunteers at 
Clinton, Iowa, as they were relinquished to the Government at the close of the war. In No- 
vember, 1865, he was transferred to Watervliet arsenal at West Troy, N. Y., and thence, after 
a brief time, to the arsenal at Watertown, Mass. In 1870 he was ordered to the ordnance 
depot at Chayenne, Wyoming Territory, and was stationed there antil 1872, when he was 
transferred to the arsenal at Leavenworth, Kas. In 1874 he was transferred to Rock 
Island Arsenal and was stationed there till, in the fall of the same year, he was returned to 
Fort Leavenworth, as chief of the ordnance officer department of the Missouri, and was 
attached to Gen. Pope's staff. In 1878 he was ordered to Watervliet arsenal at West Troy, 
N. Y., where he had been stationed a short time in 1865. In 1884 he was ordered back to 
the Rock Island arsenal and thence, in 1889, again to the arsenal at Watertown, Mass. , where 
he remained until February, 1892, when he was placed in the command of the arsenal at 
Indianapolis. Major Varney joined the ordnance department as second lieutenant, Febru- 
ary 15, 1865, was promoted to first lieutenant June 23, 1874, to captain October 29, 1874, 
and to major November 31, 1891. He is a member of the L. L. May 9, 1866, he married 
Miss Hannah Josephine Gibson, a native of Massachusetts, who has borne him two sons: 
Gordon E. and Theodore. 

John B. McGuffin. The success of men in business depends upon character as well as 
upon knowledge, it being a self-evident proposition that honesty is the best policy. Busi- 
ness demands confidence and where that is lacking business ends. The city of Indianapolis 
has as fine a body of men engaged in mercantile and industrial pursuits as can be found in 
the country and very prominent in the number, and one who has the respect and esteem of 
the whole community, is the subject of our sketch, alderman* at large and superintendent of 
the Indianapolis Chair Manufacturing Co. He was born in Monterey, Highland County, 
Va., December 22, 1856, being the son of James N. and Sarah F. (Stuart) McGuffin, both 
natives of Virginia and of Scotch-Irish descent. The family settled in Virginia at an early 
day and both grandfathers of our subject took part in the early wars in this country; the 
paternal grandfather being in the War of 1812 and the maternal, in that war, and also in the 
Indian wars. The father of our subject was a stonemason by trade and settled at Goshen, 
Ind., in 1858, where he carried on that work, being a contractor on a large scale in stone. 
He died in September, 1891, aged eighty years; his wife surviving him and now living at 
Indianapolis. Sbe is the mother of six children, all living, namely: Nancy, Margaret, 
Cornelia G., Mary E., Charles N., and John B., the youngest. The latter was reared at 
Goshen, Ind., where he was educated in the common and high schools, graduating from the 
latter in 1873. Afterward he went to work in a chairmaking factory at Goshen, but 
did not finish the learning of the trade in that place, coming to Indianapolis before he could 
do so. This was in 1876 and he entered at once the factory of Gen. A. D. Streight, re- 
maining three years, after which he superintended the farm of Gen. Streight, in Newton 
County, for a period of two years. Returning to Indianapolis, he entered the factory of the 
Indianapolis Chair Manufacturing Co., where he has been employed ever since. He began 
as a workman, a maker of chairs, and has worked his way up on his own merits, without 
influence of any kind. He is general superintendent of this immense plant which employs 
more than 400 hands and is one of the most efficient men in his line in the country. Mr. 
McGuffin was elected a councilman-at large in 1891 and his term expires in 1894. He was 
married in 1880 to Miss Amanda J. Fueal, of Muncie, Ind., his choice being a most happy 
one. Mr. McGuffin is a Democrat of the most pronounced type and is regarded as one of 
the most efficient workers in that party in the city. Our subject started out in life without 
a dollar and has worked his way up iu the world by himself. His life affords a strong 
proof of what may be done by an honest purpose to make the best of one's opportunities. 

Brazillai M. Blount. In the life of Brazillai M. Blount we find that which should 
inspire the youths of this and coming generations to lives of usefulness and greatness, and 
it is with pleasure that we note a few of the most important events of his career. Were his 
good deeds faithfully recorded, they of themselves would furnish material for a volume. He 
was born in Highland County, Ohio, June 17, 1828, and was early trained to the arduous 
duties of the farm, remaining on the same until 1841, when he came with his parents to 
Indiana, settling in Hamilton (now Tipton County), then a wilderness of dense forest trees. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 143 

He attended the district schools of Highland County, Ohio, and three terms in Indiana, to the 
last of which he walked eighty miles with a knapsack upon his back, paying for his board by 
working at intervals between school hours. He assisted in furnishing the fuel used fo*r 
warming the log cabin in which the school was taught, by chopping wood at the noon hour 
and carrying it to the house upon his shoulder. This school was taught in Huntington 
County, about fifteen miles west of Fort Wayne, Ind. At that period in Indiana's history 
there were no public schools in this part of the State. Subsequently he began teaching 
school, continuing this for ten years, or until twenty-five years of age, principally in the 
winter. In the fall of 1853 he came to Indianapolis and bought a lot on the corner of 
Christian Avenue and Broadway, erected a house, and with his two brothers remained there 
and attended school for eighteen months. In the winter of 1855 he went to Bloomington, 
Ind., and attended the State University until April, 1859, when he returned to Indianapolis. 
There he entered the Northwestern Christian University (now Butler), and graduated from 
that institution the same year with the degree of A. B. Three years later he received the 
degree of A. M. from that university. After graduating he went on a farm and preached 
for the Christian Church in Tipton and the adjacent counties of Indiana, for five years. He 
had commenced preaching in 1853 and was regularly authorized in 1854 by Central Christ- 
ian Church of Indianapolis. In 1864 Mr. Blount went to Spencer, Ind., where he acted as 
pastor of the church one year, and then returned to Tipton, where he preached and taught 
school. He acted as county school examiner for Tipton County from 1861 to 1864. In the 
fall of 1867 he went to Kokouio, Ind. , where in connection with his ministerial duties he 
taught school a part of the time during the year. In the fall of 1868 he returned to Tip- 
ton, Ind., and made his home there until 1879, acting most of the time as county superin- 
tendent and preaching as an itinerant minister. During 1872 and 1873, Mr. Blount filled the 
pulpit of the Christian Church at Sullivan, Ind. In 1879 be removed to Irvington, Marion 
County, Ind., and resides there at the present time. The same year he was elected presi- 
dent of the board of directors of Butler University, having been a member of the board 
since 1886, and served in that capacity for twelve years. In 1892 Mr. Blount was elected 
by the board as financial agent of the Butler University. Our subject still continues to 
preach and is a hale, well preserved man, who fills his responsible position with credit to 
himself and the university. While attending Bloomington University our subject preached 
for the Christian Church there two years. Mr. Blount's first marriage occurred February 
25, 1850, to Miss Mary Jane Patterson, a schoolmate of his in Ohio, in which State she was 
born. She died in June, 1852, leaving one son, Robert S., who grew up, graduated at But- 
ler University in 1876, entered the Christian ministery, and died in October, 1883. The 
second marriage of our subject occurred in September, 1857, with Miss Hannah Cooper, 
a resident of Hamilton County, Ind., and six children have been born to this union: Mary 
J., widow of George W. Bowin; Friend C. ; Rachel M., wife of Rev. Erastus Conner; Dora 
Q., a teacher in the public schools at Irvington, Ind. ; Marven Eugene and Homer S. Silas 
Blount, the father of our subject, was born in Ross County, Ohio, in October, 1800. He mar- 
ried Miss Barbara Miller, a native of Pennsylvania, in September, 1827, and of the ten 
children born to this union, our subject is the eldest, and only six now survive, viz. : B. M., 
of Irvington; Jane, wife of R. W. Wright, of Tipton, Ind.; Mary, wife of A. P. Wright, 
of Irvington, Ind. ; Jacob B. , a preacher in the Christian Church in Rush County, Ind.; 
Barbara P., wife of Frank Cassel, of Rossville, Ind., and Alice T., wife of John Kennedy, 
of Anderson, Ind. The father of these children, who was a physician of considerable 
prominence, died in September, 1890, when ninety years of age. His widow still survives 
and is eighty -four years of age. 

William Moore. Among the reliable and substantial farmers of Marion County, Ind., 
may be mentioned William Moore, who has done much to forward the agricultural' interests 
of this section, for he was reared to the calling of a farmer, and this occupation has received 
his attention to a greater or less extent up to the present time. He is a public-spirited 
citizen, in harmony with advanced ideas, intelligent progress, and active in his support of 
all worthy enterprises. He is a native of this State, born in Marion County, August 5, 1837, 
and the second of twelve children born to John and Sarah (Bowser) Moore, natives respect- 
ively of Ireland and Pennsylvania, and the last named of German descent. The father 



L. 



144 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

emigrated to this country with his parents when fifteen years of age, and first settled with 
them in the Buckeye State. Later they moved to Marion County, Ind. (1831), and John 
assisted his father in clearing and improving a farm. All his life the father of our subject 
tilled the soil and accumulated a fair share of this world's goods. He assisted in grading 
the "Old National Road," and was one of the pioneers of his locality. In politics he was 
an old line Whig until the formation of the Republican party, when he cast his vote with 
that. The children born to his marriage were named as follows: Thomas H. ; William, our 
subject; Hannah; Retchison; Isabel, now Mrs. Jonathan Yoke; John O. ; Catherine, wife 
of Melburn Moore; Mary E. H. ; Joseph A., and three who are deceased. The parents of 
these children celebrated their golden wedding September 19, 1883, but the father is now 
deceased, bis death occurring in 1889. William Moore, the original of this notice, received 
his education in the common schools of Centre Township, Marion County, attending during 
the winter months and working on the farm during the summer season. He remained under 
the parental roof until 1869, when he married Miss Lucy A. Kitley, daughter of Richard and 
Martha (Davis) Kitley, and on March 29 of the same year he moved on a tract of 180 acres 
he had purchased about eighteen months previously of the Wilson heirs, paying for the same 
$50 per acre. Of this tract 80 acres were cleared when he bought it, and he has since 
cleared 20 acres. Mrs. Moore inherited 80 acres from her father's estate. They are very 
comfortably fixed, and are well liked in the community. Their marriage resulted in the 
birth of three children, as follows: Sarah E., died in 1871, when about one month old; 
Isabella Aurelia, and William R. Mr. Moore holds membership in the Baptist Church and 
is trustee and deacon of the same. He is not very active in politics, but votes the Repub- 
lican ticket. ' 

Ephraim Collins (deceased). The life narrative of the head of a family is interesting 
not only to his posterity but also to the citizens of the section in which he has resided, and 
this truth is doubly true when such a man has established for himself and his children a 
reputation for integrity, character and ability, and has been of value in the development of 
that portion of the country which was his home. Such a narrative do we have in this sketch 
of Ephraim Collins, who was born in Marion County, Ind., July 24, 1846. When about 
thirty years of age this young man was united in marriage with the lady of his choice, Miss 
Katherine Tutewiler, daughter of Nathaniel Tutewiler who was a native of Ohio and an early 
resident of Indiana. By this marriage Mr. Collins became the father of two children, both 
daughters: Minnie Alice and My la E. The latter died November 6, 1886, aged six y^ars 
and three months. Before our subject's marriage his father, Isaac Collins, gave him 44 
acres in Franklin township, this county, and later Ephraim bought 64 acres of George 
Richardson which he owned at the time of his death, August 26, 1886. His widow subse- 
quently married Adam Swarts, a prominent farmer of this section. Nathaniel Tutewiler, 
father of Mrs. Swarts, was a native Ohioan, born March 2, 1813, and made his home in that 
State until 1840, when he came to Marion County, Ind. He there purchased 140 acres and 
later he added to this twenty acres. He was married in his native state in 1 838 to Miss Susan A. 
Murray, daughter of Joseph Murray and six children were the fruits of this union. One 
child, Susan V., died when about twenty-two years of age. She was single. The names of 
the other children areas follows: Lydia E., widow of James Hensley, has these children: 
OlaB., Harry F. (deceased), Ora M., Even S. , Ann I., James E., and Howard N. Jacob W. 
Tutewiler was first married to Miss Gabriella Tharp who bore him two children, Harry L., 
now living, and Addison (deceased). His second marriage was with Miss Katherine Harri- 
son and one sou, Albert N., was born to this union. Mr. Tutewiler is now living with 
his third wife who was formerly Miss Rachel Miller. James Q. Tutewiler married Malinda 
Phillips and five children were given them, all now deceased. He married for his second wife 
Miss Belle Carl and they have three children: Bertha E., Edith B., and Leander. Ida M. 
Tutewiler, is uumarritd. William Tutewiler enlisted in the Seventy-Ninth Indiana In- 
fantry and served three years in the Civil War. The father of these children, Nathaniel 
Tutewiler, died July 15, 1892, but his widow is still living. His father, Jacob Tutewiler, 
was of German descent. 

Samuel Evingston Earp, M. S., M. D. Among professional men, and especially those 
of the medical profession, there is so much competition in every large city that the man who 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 145 

rises to a position, of special prominence and distinction through his own efforts, may justly 
be accredited with the possession of more than average ability. Such a man is Dr. Samuel 
Evingston Earp, who is one of the foremost, as well as one of the most popular 1 physi- 
cians of Indianapolis, who has in a comparatively few years such a place as many strive for 
a lifetime to obtain. Dr. Earp has been unusually successful as a physician and as a public 
officer, and has also gained an enviable-reputation as a scientific writer and as an expert chem- 
ist. He has brought such tireless energy and such shining ability to his life work that it is 
not too much to expect from him greater achievements in the future. Dr. Earp was born in 
Lebanon, St. Clair County, HI., December 19, 1858, a son of Joseph and Margaret Earp. His 
education was begun when he was five years old in a private school in his native town. 
Later he attended the high school at Alton, and upon leaving it entered Shurtleff College 
at Upper Alton and was a student there for two years, leaving to enter McKendree's College, 
Lebanon, from which institution he was graduated in 1879 when he was made the recipient 
of the degree of Master of Science. While still at college this diligent student read medi- 
cine at odd spells and during vacations and attended a series of lectures upon medical aud 
surgical topics but not in the general medical course. In July, 1879, very soon after his 
graduation, he entered the office of Dr. G. C. Smythe at Greencastle, Ind., as a .regular 
medical student, and attended the session of Central College of Physicians and Surgeons at 
Indianapolis in 1881 and 1882, and was graduated therefrom in March of the last mentioned 
year. Dr. Earp was valedictorian of his class, the highest honor that could have been 
bestowed upon him, and received the Water's gold medal as the prize for passing the best 
competitive examination on diseases of the chest, and a complete and valuable case of gyne- 
cological instruments, as a prize for passing the best examination in the department of 
obstetrics and diseases of women and children. During his college days the Doctor did some 
creditable special newspaper correspondence and he has since made good use of his litera- 
ry abilities in his fluent and finished professional and other writings. After receiving his 
degree from Central College of Physicians and Surgeons, he began the practice of medicine 
in Indianapolis with such success that the sick and suffering have learned to repose un- 
bounded confidence in his knowledge of the ills that the human body is heir to and his skill 
in dissipating them. He is an active member of the Marion County Medical Society and of 
the Indiana State Medical Society. In 1882 he was elected demonstrator of chemistry in 
his alma mater, later professor of chemistry, toxicology and clinical medicine and still 
later professor of materia medica, therapeutics and medical chemistry, which latter position 
he holds at this time. For three, years he tilled the position of editor of the department of 
materia medica and therapeutics in the Indiana Medical Journal, in which as well as in other 
publications, his writings have attracted much attention, and they have been more widely 
quoted than have those of many of his brother practitioners of greater age and experience ; 
and in the department of medical literature Dr. Earp has done his full share in sustaining 
the high standard attained in this line by Indiana. He is at this time and for some time 
past has been, consulting physician to the city hospital and the city dispensary and clinical 
lecturer in St. Vincent's Hospital. Notwithstanding the great pressure upon his time and 
energies, the Doctor has found leisure in which to pursue valuable researches in medicine, 
and he has been given due credit for his original work and discoveries in that direction, by 
authors of medical works and editors of medical journals. Dr. Earp was elected police sur- 
geon of Indianapolis by the metropolitan board, February 13, 1891, and served in that capac- 
ity until the new city charter went into effect when he was elected police and fire surgeon 
by the commissioners of public safety, a position which he still holds with great credit to 
himself and general satisfaction to the public. He was chemist of the Indianapolis board 
of health in 1$85 and 1886 and a member of the same body and its secretary and executive 
officer during 1877 and 1878 and was elected by the unanimous vote of both Democrats and 
Republicans in the common council and board of aldermen as a member and secretary of the 
board of health of the city of Indiauapolis in January, 1889, and served for two years. He 
is secretary and dean of the Central College of Physiciaus and Surgeons and is also one of 
the trustees and secretary of the board of trustees of that institution. He is also past chan- 
cellor and medical director of Capital City Lodge No. 97, K. of P. , and has been represent- 
ative to the grand lodge in that order. He was married May 4, 1892, to Margaret E. 

10 



146 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

MaGloughlin, a native of Champaign County, 111., and of Scotch descent. As a man of high 
attainments, as an advocate and promoter of needed public reform and as a scholar whose 
scientific knowledge extends far beyond the limits of the medical profession, Dr. Earp occu- 
pies a high position in the respect and admiration of the people. 

Henry W. Bullock, who is engaged in the real estate, loan and insurance business, 
occupies a high place among the younger business men of Indianapolis, who by ability and 
energy have achieved suecess and occupy an honored position in the esteem of their fellow 
citizens. He was born in Clay County, Ind., September 10, 1866, on a farm, and obtained 
his elementary education in the common schools of his immediate vicinity. His father, 
Elder Absalom J. Bullock, is a well-known minister of the Christian Church, advocating the 
restoration of primitive Christianity unfettered by creed or dogma. Elder Bullock was born in 
Randolph County, N. C, May 10, 1838, and was brought to Indiana in 1840 on pack- 
horses. His mother, Mary (Davenport) Bullock, died in Clay County at the advanced age 
of eighty two years, respected by all who knew her. The mother of the immediate subject 
of this sketch, Mary (Helton) Bullock, is the daughter of Arthur and Margaret Helton, 
natives of Kentucky, who at an early day came to Indiana, because a slave State was not in 
accordance with his ideas of justice. He and his wife lived honored lives and died mourned 
by all, aged eighty -live and ninety years respectively. Ever since the colonial patriots' 
struggle for freedom in the days of the Revolution, the name of Bullock has been an honored 
one in the South, and numbers governors, congressmen, jurists and judges among its mem- 
bers. Henry W. Bullock began life for himself as a u Hoosier Schoolmaster " at the age 
of eighteen, and during the two terms that he followed this occupation he was practically 
successful in training the young minds under his care. He attended the Northern Indiana 
Normal School at Valparaiso, Ind., for a number of terms, and studied law two years, being 
admitted to the bar October 21, 1887. Mr. Bullock is a hard student and is said' by those 
who know him to be the best informed man in the State on the various phases of the tem- 
perance question. He is broad and liberal in his views, takes a deep interest in all economic 
and social questions, and au active part in Civil Service and Municipal Reform. He is a 
forcible and polished writer and is well known as a speaker, having delivered temperance 
and political, religious and educational addresses in various parts of Indiana, Ohio, Illinois 
and Missouri, under lecture bureaus and the State and national committees of the Pro- 
hibitionists. Mr. Bullock is an active member of the Christian Church, commonly known as 
Disciples of Christ, and has devoted much time to home missions, giving his aid and en- 
couragement to those who need help. He works in the ranks as a private, delivers lectures, 
makes temperance and Sunday-school talks, and preaches sermons as occasions demand. His 
qualifications make him successful as a farmer, teacher, speaker, writer, lawyer and busi- 
ness man. His high sense of justice and moral convictions make him the friend of every 
honest reform for the betterment of mankind. He came to the city in 1890, and his vim and 
ability at once placed him in the front of business enterprises. He is now located at 77 
East Market Street on the second floor, and is doing a large real estate, loan and insurance 
business. He handles the best residence and business properly in the city and loans money 
on city and farm property. It is but just to say that his integrity has won him the confi- 
dence of the business community, and being in the very prime of life has before him very 
flattering prospects. 

Henry Coe, president of the Board of Underwriters and one of the most prominent in- 
surance and real estate men in the State of Indiana, was born in Jefferson County, Wis , 
April 16, 1848, a son of Orris K. and Paulina (Bushnell) Coe. His father was a native of 
New York, and settled in Jefferson County, Wis., in 1836, and was one of the pioneers of 
that county. He early entered Government land and for about ten years after locating there 
carried oq •farming with considerable success. At the expiration of that time he opened a 
store at Beaver Dam and sold goods there for another decade, when he removed to Water- 
town, Wis., and entered the employ of the company which projected and constructed the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, as a general representative, and traveled along the 
proposed line purchasing right-of-way for the road. This was a business requiring much 
ability and no little degree of tact. Later he was engaged in the lumber trade at Water- 
town. His wife, the mother of the immediate subject of this sketch, was of New York 



r 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 147 

birth, but was of the old Connecticut Bushnell stock, which has become historic through 
successive generations. Henry Coe was reared in his native State and educated at public 
and private schools. Later he entered a military academy at Fulton, 111. During the last 
year of the war he served in the quartermaster's department at Camp Stoneman, near 
Washington, D. C. Returning to Watertown he was for a time associated with his father in 
the lumber trade. In 1870 he entered the law department of the Wisconsin State University 
at Madison, Wis., and was duly graduated in law. Locating at Whitewater, Wis., he 
entered upon the practice of his profession. In 1873 Mr. Coe came to Indianapolis and was 
tendered and elected to the office of secretary of the Indianapolis Fire Insurance Associa- 
tion, a position which he filled with much credit for four years. At the expiration of that 
time he became interested as a partner in the local fire insurance and real estate business of 
M. R. Barnard & Co. In 1879 he established his present real estate and fire insurance 
office, and has built up a patronage that makes him conspicuous above most other real 
estate and insurance men in the city. He is a member of the Columbia and Commercial 
clubs, and was formerly prominently connected with the Board of Trade. He is also iden- 
tified with the K. of P. and the R. A. In politics he is a Republican. He was married 
September 20, 1869, to Miss Ora C. Orton, a native of Milwaukee and daughter of Hon. 
Harlow S. Orton, for fifteen years associate justice of the Supreme Court of Wisconsin. 

Philander H. Fitzgerald was born in Greensburg, Decatur County, Ind. , in the month 
of February, the 14th day, 1847. He removed with his parents to Dearborn County when 
young. His paternal ancestors came from Ireland and on his mother's side he came of good 
Connecticut stock. His father is Joseph Fitzgerald, of Acton, Marion County. His mother 
was Laura (Northrope) Fitzgerald, who died at Acton February 15, 1891, aged seventy- 
seven years. His common-school education was supplemented by a commercial course at 
Manchester College. Mr. Fitzgerald was married at the age of twenty- five to the daughter 
of Bernard Mullin, Esq., of Greeusburg. In 1864 he came to Marion County and located 
on a farm in Franklin Township, and also studied law for two terms. This, however, was 
given up for a clerkship in the United States Claim Agency in 1868. The clerkship was re- 
signed in 1872 by Mr. Fitzgerald, who decided wisely to branch out for himself. He was 
admitted to practice before all the departments, in November, 1872, after which he be- 
gan his extensive practice in prosecuting all classes of claims growing out of the late 
war. By careful study and continued practice he soon gained a national reputation as an 
expert claims attorney. He has often been called ,in consultation by counsel in New York, 
Philadelphia, Washingtou, and in California, and has handled and collected many cases. 
Mr. Fitzgerald's business has so increased that at times the services of thirty -five clerks are 
necessary in answering his correspondence. In 1887 he conceived the idea of conducting a 
soldier's paper in connection with his business, and accordingly bought the Veteran's Review, 
a small paper with less than 300 circulation. The name was at once changed to the Ameri- 
can Tribune. As the results of Mr. Fitzgerald's good judgment and energy, the circulation 
at the end of a twelve- month reached 5,000. Since then it has grown rapidly and steadily 
and now it aggregates 28,000 a week and is still growing. Mr. Fitzgerald has invested his 
means, from time to time, in Indianapolis real estate. His last purchase was the handsome 
building at the corner of Market and Circle Streets, known as the Journal Block, for $85,000. 
The building has been lately overhauled and modernized in every respect at a cost of $40,000 
and it is one of the largest and finest in the city, being contrally located and in every way 
desirable. He has also built some thirty-five first-class pieces of property and recently gave 
$4,000 to the new church of North Meridian. Mr. Fitzgerald was one of the founders of 
the Indiana Mutual Building and Loan Association, one of the largest in the city, is one of 
its directors, and was elected treasurer of same in July, 1893. He is a member of the 
K. of P., with which order he has been identified since 1872. He is a member of the 
Columbia Club, the Commercial Club and the Board of Trade. In politics be is a Repub- 
lican. 

James Greene. In every community some men are known for their upright lives, 
strong common sense and moral worth rather than for their wealth or political standing. 
Their neighbors respect them, the young generations heed their example, and when they 
go to the grave posterity listens with reverence to the story of their quiet aud useful lives. 



148 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Among such men is James Greene, a man of modest and unassuming demeanor, well edu- 
cated, a friend to the poor, charitable to the faults of his neighbors and ready to unite with 
them in every good word and work, and active in the support of laudable public enterprises. 
He is the State agent at Indianapolis for the Berkshire Life Insurance Company of Pitts- 
field, Mass., a position he has filled for about twenty- five years. He is amoDg the oldest 
and best known citizens of Indianapolis, having become a resident in 1853, and has seen 
the city's population increase from 18,000 to 140,000 souls. Mr. Greene was born at Scitu- 
ate, R. I., December 6, 1810, a son of Rowland and Susanna (Harris) Greene, who were 
also natives of that State, where they resided until their respective deaths. Rowland 
Greene was a physician of considerable renown and was an active member and earnest worker 
of the Society of Friends, in the interests of which he traveled extensively throughout the 
then United States, bis journeys being made on horseback and extending as far south as 
North Carolina, throughout which section he became well known to the Quakers. James 
Greene remained a resident of Rhode Island until he was sixteen years of age; the major 
part of his education being acquired at Providence under Quaker supervision. In 1826 he 
went to Baltimore, Md., where he spent two years in a wholesale auction and commission 
house, after which he went to Albany, N. Y., and entered the employ of a brother as clerk 
in a wholesale oil and leather establishment. During the time that he remained in Albany 
he made preparations to take a collegiate course and in 1833 entered Amherst College from 
which he was graduated in 1837. He then entered the Theological Seminary at Princeton, 
N. J., and after pursuing his studies there for three years, he entered the ministry in Ten- 
nessee, where he remained about two years. In 1844 he came to Indiana and located at 
Madison, which at that time was the metropolis of the State, and there he established a 
private classical school which he conducted with gratifying success for about eight years. 
The public school system then came into vogue and he closed his institution at Madison and 
went to Evansville, Ind., where he established a classical school for boys which he conducted 
until August, 1853, at which time he became secretary and treasurer of the Evansville & 
Indianapolis (straight line) Railroad Company and removed to Indianapolis, being associated 
with Willard Carpenter, of Evausville, Hon. Oliver H. Smith, and Gen. John Love, of 
Indianapolis, together with other persons of the State. This undertaking did not prove 
successful ; the road was not built and after resigning his position about the time of the out 
break of the Civil War, he was appointed, in April, 1861, assistant quartermaster- general 
of the State, a position he filled creditably for about four years, when he was transferred to 
the department of commissary of subsistence. In 1867 Mr. Greene engaged in the general 
insurance business, which he has since continued to follow. To Mr. Greene's marriage 
with Miss Mary B., daughter of William V. and Sidney (Phipps) McCullough (natives 
respectively of Kentucky and Tennessee) seven children have been born, only one of whom 
is now living: D ivies M., born at Madison, Ind. Of the others Norvell Scott and Thomas 
C. lived to the years of manhood, the others dying in infancy. Mr. Greene is a Republican 
in politics, is a member of the Odd Fellow's fraternity and has been prominently connected 
with the First Presbyterian Church of Indianapolis since becoming a resident of the city. 

John W. Foutz. The necessary and important calling of the undertaker and funeral 
director has of late years made such rapid progress in its methods that it is to-day more of 
a profession than a trade. In few others is there such a demand on the part of its practi- 
tioners of the most delicate tact and discretion, while to follow it with a certainty of success 
an individual or firm must combine high business qualifications with exceptional scientific 
attainments. Among the leading representative establishments of this kind in Indianapolis 
must be mentioned that of Foutz & Fitzhugh, the senior member of which is John W. 
Foutz. He was born at Newcastle, Henry County, Ind., February 21, 1848, a son of Louis 
and Elizabeth (Conway) Foutz, the former of whom was born in Pennsylvania and the latter 
in Kentucky. Louis Foutz was a man of intelligence, and throughout the active years of 
his life successfully followed the calling of a farmer and is now living in retirement at New- 
castle. At this place John W. Foutz was reared and educated, graduating from an academy 
at that place after having acquired an excellent education in the public schools. Shortly 
after finishing his education he began learning telegraphy, and for seventeen years was man- 
ager of the Western Union at Newcastle, and while there served eight years as secretary of 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 149 

the Building and Loan Association and the same length of time as trustee of his township. 
Following this he engaged in the undertaking business, continuing it there successfully for 
live years, then came to Indianapolis and continued the same business, in which he has been 
more than ordinarily successful. His establishment is continually growing in popularity, 
for the seemly and sympathetic manner in which he conducts the sad rites that his business 
calls him to perform has become known, and those who meet with the loss of loved ones are 
anxious to engage his services. In 1869 he was united in marriage with Miss Angeline Mul- 
len, by whom he has one child, Gracie. He was left a widower in November, 1884, and in 
December, 1886, he wedded Miss Clara B. Collingsworth, of St. Louis. Mr. Foutz has 
shown his approval of secret organizations by becoming a member of the A. F. & A. M., 
the I. O. O. F., the K. of P., the K. of H. and the I. O. R. M., in each of which he has 
passed through all the chairs of the subordinate lodges. He is a member in good standing 
of the Meridian Street Methodist Episcopal Church and has always supported the men and 
measures of the Republican party, although he has never aspired to political honors. He is 
a man of whom any community might well be proud, for in his daily walk through life he 
has endeavored to follow the teachings of the Golden Rule, and that he has succeeded is 
attested in the fact that his friends are legion. 

Joseph F. Fitzhugh. The well-known gentleman whose name heads this sketch is a mem- 
ber of the firm of Foutz & Fitzhugh, funeral directors at 187 Indiana Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind. 
To attain success in this most delicate line of work, it is essential that a man shall possess 
special attributes, as well as to keep a select line of goods constantly on hand, and these 
essential qualifications, chief among which may be mentioned a sympathetic nature, are 
possessed by Mr. Fitzhugh in an eminent degree, and as a natural consequence the firm 
of which he is a member is in demand. March 20, 1869, he was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
his parents being Frank and Mary (Riddell) Fitzhugh, the former of whom was a leading 
attorney of Cincinnati for many years and died when the subject of this sketch was quite 
small. After that event Joseph F. made his home with his maternal grandparents, his 
grandfather, Dr. G. W. Riddell, being one of the best known physicians and surgeons of 
Indiana for years, and a prominent member of the old Tippecanoe Club. During the 
Civil War he served his country in the capacity of surgeon and was also prominent in the 
affairs of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was an earnest member. He was 
a successful medical practitioner for over fifty years, and at the time of his death had 
reached the patriarchal age of ninety-two years. Under his wise guidance the subject of 
this sketch was reared, during which time he imbibed a large, store of knowledge pertain- 
ing to medicine, anatomy and chemistry, receiving valuable information also from his uncle, 
Dr. J. C. Riddell, a very successful physician and a prolific and valued correspondent to 
leading Eastern journals, and at one time editor and proprietor of the Knightstown Chron- 
icle. When a youth he served in the Union army as drummer boy. He eventually became 
an eminent physician of Kansas City, Mo., and acquired an enviable reputation through 
his successful treatment of the morphine and opium habit, of which he made a specialty. 
He died in Kansas City about 1883. In 1885 Joseph F. Fitzhuqrh embarked in the under- 
taking business with Adams & Emrich, successors to the old Ripley & Hedges firm, and 
remained in their employ until the firm retired from business, when he entered the service 
of George Herrmann, a leading German undertaker, with whom he remained a short time. 
He then accepted a position as general manager of the undertaking business of Charles 
Girton, in which capacity he successfully continued until July 1, 1893, when be purchased 
his present business in connection with John W. Foutz, and has conducted it with satisfac- 
tory results up to the present time. Mr. Fitzhugh holds three diplomas, one an honorary 
degree conferred upon him by the Indiana College of Embalming, the others being from 
Cincinnati and New York schools. He is demonstrator and secretary of the Indiana College 
of Embalming, having been for two years a professor in that institution. Fitzhugh & 
Foutz do an extensive business and conduct on an average about 350 funerals annually. 
They make embalming a special feature of their work, and employ three men in their estab- 
lishment as trimmers and embalmers, meeting all obligations in a prompt and business-like 
manner. Mr. Fitzhugh is a general correspondent of the Casket, which is published at 
Rochester, N. Y., and is one of Ibe leading undertaking papers of the country. He is also 



150 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

a correspondent of the Western Undertaker, published at Chicago, and has contributed 
many scientific articles on practical embalming published in the leading journals of trade. 
Mr. Fitzhugh is probably one of the best known undertakers of the country and is very 
widely known. He is*a leading member of the secret orders: K. of P., K. of H., P. O. S. 
of A. and the Red Men, and has been officially connected with the latter in various capaci- 
ties. Politically he is a Prohibitionist, and he has for some time been a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. His moral character" is above reproach, his friends are legion, and 
in him is the stuff of which noble, useful and influential citizens are made. 

E. J. Brennan, M. D. One of the noblest professions, one of the most beneficial 
to mankind, the profession of all professions, which, while it is prosecuted for gain is in its 
very nature nearest to beneficent charity, is that of medicine. At the same time it is one of the 
most exacting upon its devotees. Indianapolis is very fortunate in the number and character 
of its physicians and surgeons and one of the most prominent of them all is Dr. E. J. Bren- 
nan" who was born in the famous city of Kilkenny, Ireland, in June, 1849, a son of Michael 
and Honora (Walsh) Brennan. His father was a cooper by trade and his family and also 
that of his wife are among the oldest and best known in Ireland. The Doctor was brought 
to Buffalo, New York when he was but six months old and at a proper age was placed in the 
school of the Christian Brothers where he pursued his studies until he was between fifteen 
and sixteen years of age. Thus, early in life, he entered upon the acquisition of a knowl- 
edge of medicine and surgery in the hospital of the Sisters of Charity, and during the 
ensuing five years attended lectures at the Buffalo University of Medicine and was graduated 
from that institution in 1871 with the degree of M. D. He almost immediately began the 
practice of his profession at Lockport, N. Y. , and remained there two years, meeting with 
much success, and during that time he was the health officer of the city. He then took up 
his residence in Rochester, N. Y. , and pursued a general practice there with flattering appro- 
bation until 1870. In October of that year he removed to Indianapolis where he at once 
identified himself with the medical and surgical profession and with local interest generally, 
and where he has since bnilt up a large and influential practice. He became a member of 
the faculty of the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1882, by election to the 
chair of diseases of children, and in 1884 he was promoted to the chair of obstetrics and 
clinical midwifery, which he still fills. Dr. Brennan is a member of the staff of the City 
' Hospital, of that of St. Vincent's Infirmary, and of that of the City Dispensary, and he is a 
physician to the House of Good Shepherd. While practicing his profession in the State of 
New York, Dr. Brennan was a member of the Niagara and Monroe County Medical Societies 
and at this time is a member of the Indiana State Medical Society. He was for two 
years a member of the Indianapolis Board of Health and for four years Supreme Medical 
Examiner for the Catholic Knights of America. He is a frequent and valuable contributor 
to medical literature on subjects relating to the special branches of the profession. The most 
substantial success has attended his efforts, both as a practitioner and as a professor and 
lecturer, and his list of patrons is made up largely of some of the best families in the city. 
Of a generous disposition, kind and unassuming in his intercourse with his fellow men, he is 
popular with the public and has made many warm and steadfast friends !x>th in and out of 
the line of his daily duty. His residence and office are at 240 N. Tennessee Street. While 
living in Lockport, N. Y. f he married Miss Susan Graham, daughter of John Graham, Esq., 
a prominent merchant of Rochester, N. Y. They have two bright and promising sons, now 
students at Notre Dame University, and two charming daughters. 

William McGregor. The original of this notice is a Hoosier by birth, and one of 
Marion County's most successful, thorough -going agriculturists. He was born in Jefferson 
County, thirteen miles east of Madison, June 14, 1828, on a farm belonging to his father at 
the head-waters of Bushy Fork. There he made his home until about seventeen years of 
age, but never attended school until after he was fourteen. He then went to a pay school 
taught by Donald Cameron, but not very steadily, for the school- house was five miles distant 
from his father's house. School always commenced at daylight, and lasted until dark. 
Cameron was considered a good teacher, but a very strict disciplinarian, keeping two sizes 
of switches, the small ones for the little folks, and the large one for unruly big boys. He 
had from fifteen to twenty scholars, and the principal branches taught were the three R's, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 151 

viz.: a Beading, Kiting and R^thmetic. ,, Oar subject only attended two terms of three 
months each, daring the winter. He was left motherless when only seven years of age, and 
the father kept his four children together, although the youngest was but three months old 
at the time of the mother's death. On the old homestead the father received his final sum- 
mons in February, 1846. As soon as the property was sold our subject and his two brothers, 
Moses and Lewis, went to Madison, Ind. , where Moses and our subject entered the em- 
ployment of Charles Richardson, to learn the blacksmith's trade. Lewis at the same time 
entered Henry Davidson's tin shop to learn the tinner's trade. For five years our subject 
remained with Richardson, three years as an apprentice and two years as a journeyman. 
From May to September of the second year of his apprenticeship, our subject put in his 
time making spikes to spike down the old strap bars used for track on the old Madison rail- 
road from Greenwood to Indianapolis. In May, 1851, he concluded to leave Madison, 
though he wasthen making $24 per week on plow work, but he had too many acquaintances, so 
he thought, for his own good, as they prevented him from saving his money. He went to 
Greenwood, Ind., rented a shop and tools, and in the fall he bought a set of tools of a 
blacksmith in Indianapolis. He paid $45 for the tools, getting long credit. This was in 
the fall of 1851, and from May 20 until July 7, he made but 25 cents, selling a butcher 
knife for that amount. He had but $1.75 when he got to Greenwood, but he made an ar- 
rangement with Thomas Howard, from whom he rented the shop and tools, that he should 
board him and his apprentice and take his pay in work. This was all that made it possible 
for Mr. McGregor to stay there. On July 7 he got his first work from Henry Birely, to iron 
a wagon, and so well did he do this that Mr. Birely interested himself in his behalf, and 
before he had finished his first work he had two other wagons to treat in like manner. For 
this he received $25 for each wagon. During the winter of 1851 he added another fire, still 
another in 1852, and a wagon shop shortly afterward. Here he remained for seven years, 
clearing $7,000. in that time, and then sold out his entire plant, receiving $3,400 for it. Mr. 
McGregor then went west to southern Missouri, and in the spring of 1858 he purchased 
250 acres in Polk County, Mo. This he was compelled to give up on account of his daugh- 
ter's health, and in September of that year he moved to Acton, Ind., where he bought a 
house and lot, and built a shop in which he had five fires. He made plows, buggies, wag- 
ons, etc., working five blacksmiths, seven wood workmen, two painters and a trimmer. He 
carried on the shop until 1866, making money all the time, and then bought eighty eight 
acres of Joseph Fitzgerald, paying $84 per acre. In 1869 he bought eighty acres of Joseph 
Kennedy's heirs for $50 per acre, but previous to that, in 1866, he bought forty acres of 
George Whitaker, paying $2,100 in cash. At the present time he is the owner of 215 acres 
on Sections 16 and 21, Range 5 East. Of this 150 acres are cleared. Mr. McGregor has 
raised 1,600 bushels of wheat in one year, and averages about thirty-five acres of corn per 
season. In 1893 he also raised 600 bushels of oats. At the present time (summer 1893) 
he has three crops of wheat on hand, over 3,000 bushels. He is one of the most progressive, 
wide awake farmers in the county, and is highly esteemed by all. He affiliates with the 
Democratic party, and has never missed voting a Democratic ticket since casting his first 
vote for James Buchanan. He has manifested his appreciation of secret organizations by 
joining Pleasant Lodge, No. 134, A. F. & A. M., of which he was treasurer for about fifteen 
years. He is also a member of the I. O. O. F. For many years he has been a member of 
the Missionary Baptist Church, of which he is one of the trustees. Mr. McGregor was mar- 
ried July 2, 1852, to Miss Frances M. Peggs, daughter of Joseph A. Peggs, a native of Ken- 
tucky, but who now resides in Indiana. To this marriage have been born nine children, two 
of whom, Sarah E. and William L., died in infancy. The others reached mature years, 
and are named as follows: Joseph A., born in 1852, was married in 1875 to Mips Ida, 
daughter of James Eads, of Marion County, Ind. ; Joseph A. died in March, 1893, leaving 
six children: Maud, Edna, Gertrude, Adeline, Samuel and Kennedy, the last two being 
twins; Cyrena A. married B. F. Beal in 1878, and they have two living children (Howard 
O. and Chester); Charles R. resides in Marion Connty, Ind., married Miss Carrie Anderson 
in 1883, daughter of Hayden Anderson, and they have two sons (William H. and Frederick 
E.); Mary L. married Cornelius Belton in 1879, and they bad one son (Lewis S.), the mother 
dying in 1883; Martha E. married Oliver Means, of London, Ind., in 1881; Naomi married 



152 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

• 

D. H. Snepp in 1884, and Minnie, who is at home. The father of our subject, Alexander 
McGregor, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, about 1786, and came to America in 1815, locat- 
ing in Jefferson County, Ind. He was a weaver by trade, and worked at this for the sur- 
rounding country until his death February 11, 1846. He was a Presbyterian in religion, 
and a Democrat in politics. He was married in 1 826 to Miss Martha Rogers, daughter of 
Moses Rogers, a native of Ireland, and these children were born to them: William; Mary, 
widow of Henry Voorhees, of Polk County, Mo., has eight children (William, Moses, Lewis, 
Martha, Sallie, Jane, Iudiana and Charles); Moses died in 1883, married Miss Louisa Peggs, 
who died in 1865, leaving one child, Belle, who married Judd Fitzpatrick, and Louis, died 
in 1884, entered the Confederate service in Arkansas at the outbreak of the Rebellion, served 
two years, and was then captured. The mother of these children died in 1833. Our sub- 
ject's father-in-law, Joseph Peggs, was born in Trimble County, Ky., in 1806, and there he 
was reared. He was married in Mason County, Ky.,in 1835, to Miss Mary A. McCready, 
daughter of Alexander McCready, a soldier of the War of 1812, and at once emigrated to 
Palmyra, Mo., where he lived about three years. After that he returned to Kentucky, and 
in 1844 came to Johnson County, Ind., where he located in Pleasant township. There he 
and his worthy wife reside at the present time. Seven children were born to their marriage, 
six of whom grew to mature years: William A. married Miss Nancy Wiley, and they now 
reside in Marion County; Margaret F. married our subject; John H. served in the Civil 
War, married Miss Mary Sheets, and resides at Columbus; Mary A. married Peter Myers, 
and resides in Marion County; Louisa A. married Moses McGregor, and died in 1865, and 
Charles E., who married Miss Clara Hester, who bore him five children, and died in 1889. 
Joseph Peggs, the grandfather of Mrs. McGregor, was born in Ireland, emigrated to America 
at an early date, saw the "Royal Ship George" sink, and located in Kentucky. He married 
there, but later came to Indiana, where he afterward died. 

James S. Cruse. The steady ratio of development observable in the Indianapolis real 
estate market and the universally high reputation that investments therein have attained, 
reflect the greatest credit upon the leading real estate agents and dealers. Among the more 
prominent and enterprising members of the profession in this city is James S. Cruse, who 
combines insurance with his real estate operations and in that department represents some 
of the stanchest companies before the public. Mr. Cruse was born at New Albany, Ind., 
July 16, 1858, a son of John P. and Anna M. (Dudley) Cruse. His father, who was a native 
of Philadelphia, Penn., located in New Albany while yet a young man and began business 
there as a stone and brick mason and contractor. In 1862 he removed to Indianapolis and 
not long afterward engaged in the manufacture of brick which he continued extensively and 
with success for twenty years. He retired with a competency and died in January, 1893, 
much regretted by a large circle of acquaintances and especially by the older business men 
whose associate he had been for so many years. His wife died January, 1877. Of their 
four children two died in infancy. James S. Cruse was about four years old when his 
parents came to Indianapolis, and this city has been his almost, lifelong home. He was 
educated in the public schools, and later was connected with his father's brick making enter- 
prise as office clerk and foreman for about two years. He then accepted a position as clerk 
in the abstract office of John Batty, and after Mr. Batty's death managed the enterprise 
until it was sold to John R. Ruth. It was in this connection that he acquired a knowledge 
of the fundamental principles of the veal estate business and a bent of mine which later led 
him to engage in it permanently. After a course at a prominent business college, he next 
entered the employ of Dain & McCullough. After the dissolution of the partnership between 
Messrs. Dain and McCullough, Mr. Cruse remained with Mr. Dain in the real estate and 
rental business and after the death of Mr. Dain, in 3883. succeeded to the business which 
he has since continued so successfully that he now ranks with the prominent business men 
of the city. He has l)een a member of the Commercial Club since its organization and is a 
prominent member of the Marion Club. He is also well known as an Odd Fellow and a 
Mason aud is in all ways popular in business and social circles. He was married May 24, 
1882, to Miss Anna H. Wands, a native of Indiauapolis and a daughter of Alexander and 
Catherine (McOuat) Wands, natives of Scotland. The business methods of Mr. Cruse have 
always been conservative yet energetic, He has not taken many speculative risks, but has 



P. W. BAKTIIOLOMEW. 



THK NK'.V YOXX 

PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



L 



A c *OK, LtNOX AT40 
TlLOb'N FOUNO*T« >"**• 



AND MABION COUNTY, INDIANA. 153 

done a straight, legitimate business,, being content with honest trade honestly worked up 
and honestly conducted. He combines in a remarkable degree all of the diverse qualities 
essential to success in his distinctive line, and is recognized by his associates as most truly 
and emphatically the "right man in the right place." 

J. H. George, D. D. S. The dentist when well up in his profession is a most valuable 
man in the community, and in Indianapolis there is none who ranks higher than Dr. J. H. 
George. Although he is still young in years he commands a thorough knowledge of his pro- 
fession and his ability and insight into his calling, as well as his ability to express himself 
intelligently has been the means of winning for him the position of demonstrator of operative 
dentistry in the Indiana De:tal College, a position which was tendered him a very short time 
after his graduation from that institution in 1891. He owes his nativity to Jefferson County, 
Ind., where he first saw the light of day March 28, I860, a son of W. J. and Edith M. (Spann) 
George, both of whom were born in the Stat** of Kentucky but afterward located near Madi- 
son, Ind., in the public schools of which place Dr. J. H. George received his literary educa- 
tion. He possessed a bright, receptive and retentive mind, made rapid progress in his 
studies and upon leaving school was considered a well-informed young man, and capable of 
lighting the battle of life for himself. In 1889 he came to Indianapolis and graduated from 
the Indiana Dental College in 1891 with much credit to himself, his record in that insti- 
tution being greatly to his credit. He is filling his preasent position with great ability and 
is proving that he is the right man in the right place. Politically he has always been a 
Republican and for some time he has been a member of the Marion Club. 

John F. Craig. One of the most efficient and trustworthy servants of Uncle Sam is 
John F. Craig, who has charge of the postoffice at Haughville, Ind. In addition to looking 
after the duties of this position he is the proprietor of a hardware establishment which is 
netting him a satisfactory yearly income. The city of Glasgow, Scotland, gave him birth 
January 28, i860, his father being James F. Craig, who was also born in thecity of Glasgow. 
He learned the trade of a machinist in the land of his birth and became so expert that be 
was placed in charge of a large foundry in that country. The free soH of the United States, 
however, possessed great attractions for him and after reaching this country in 1872 he set- 
tled down in Wauregan, Conn., which place he made his home until four years since when 
he came to Haughville, which place has since been his home. Upon first reaching this city 
he worked in the Malleable Iron Works, and as he has been industrious and careful in his 
expenditures, though by no means niggardly, he has accumulated considerable property of 
value in Haughville. Mr. Craig is a Mason and Odd Fellow and he and his wife are strict 
members of the Presbyterian Church and pride themselves on their Scotch blood. The 
mother can trace her ancestry back 200 years. John F. Craig was the third of eight chil- 
dren, five of whom are now living, born to his parents, and in the bonny land of Scotland he 
was first led in the paths of learning. After the removal of his parents across the wide Atlantic 
to this country, and after tbeir location in Connecticut, he attended the schools of that State 
for some time, but upon reaching the age of eleven or twelve years much of his time was devoted 
to learning the machinist's trade and his school days were few and far between. After becoming 
thoroughly familiar with this calling he came West, in 1885, and entered the works of Ketch am 
& Brown and afterward the Ewart Chain Works, leaving the employ of these gentlemen to take 
charge of the tool works of the Indianapolis, Decatur & Western Railroad, where 
he remained a valued employe for two years. At the end of this time he opened 
a grocery store in Haughville but gave up the business after a short time to engage 
in the hardware business, which branch of human endeavor has since received his attention, 
and in which he has met with reasonable financial success. He has served in the capacity 
of town trustee, but resigned this position to take charge of the postoffice. the duties of 
which he has discharged in a successful and able manner and to the entire satisfaction of the 
residents of the place. He is a Republican and socially is a charter member of the I. O. O. F. 
lodge at this place, which he served in the capacity of secretary for a number of years, and 
he also belongs to the Calledonia Quotin Club. Mr. Craig has just been married to Miss 
Jennie Corbett, of Indianapolis. He will reside at 143 King Avenue. 

E. J. Shbrer. The subject of our sketch is one of the largest contractors in the city of 
Indianapolis, and a member of the council -at- large. He has made his way along through 



L. 



154 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

life alone and unaided, and his large accumulations represent the labor of his own hands, 
he starting ont for himself with a trade, health and a clean conscience. Mr. Sherer was 
born in Dayton, Ohio, March 15, 1854; being the son of George W. and Christina (Shilling) 
Sherer, natives of Alsace, Germany, who emigrated to this country about the year 1836, 
settling in Dayton, where the father engaged in the linseed oil business, which he followed 
until his death. This industrious man was the father of eleven children, eight of whom are 
living, namely: Michael, Mary, George, Anna, John. Joseph, Edward J. and William. The 
father of this family died at Dayton in January, 1879, his wife still living in that city in 
the possession of good health and active for one of her years. Our subject was reared in 
his native county, where he attended the common schools, and later was apprenticed to the 
trade of a plasterer at Dayton, serving out his time and working at it until 1873, when he 
came to Indianapolis, resuming his labors at his trade here and continuing at that work 
until 1879. In the previous year he had done some contracting on his own account, which 
he made profitable, and was so well satisfied with this business that he now gave up his 
whole time and attention to it and has followed it ever since. E. J. Sherer is a man who 
never does anything by halves and he has pursued the contracting work with great energy, 
having done among other things the stone work for the State House, for the insane asylum,- 
Tomlinsou Hall, Circle Park (which is now torn out), the Columbus (Ind.) starch works, all 
the city breweries of Indianapolis, a large amount of work at Franklin (Ind.). the custom 
house at New Albany, and has carried out many other large contracts. The firm in which 
he is a partner bears the name of Laakman & Sherer, which was formed in 1878, and is the 
oldest and best known in the city, its business being that of artificial stone. Mr. Sherer 
was empty handed when he left his home but had a brave heart and he has never once faltered 
since. His manliness has always asserted itself and he has kept hands and head busy. He 
owns very valuable property on West First Street and in other portions of the city. The 
Builders' Exchange has in him a most active and useful member and he was one of the first to 
identify himself with that organization. Social by nature, he has a large circle of friends 
and acquaintances in whose company he always enjoys himself, and he is a member of the 
K. of P. and of the Odd Fellows. Mr. Sherer takes a most active interest in politics and in 
the affairs of the city and was elected to the city council from the fourth ward in 1890, 
and a councilinan-at-large in 1892, he being a very popular man among his fellow citizens, 
and has proven himself a very energetic and most useful member of the council. Mr. 
Sherer was married in 1874 to Miss Ada Sullings. of Greencastle, Ind., who has borne him 
two children, namely: Harry J. and Goldie E. Our subject was too young to take any part 
in the late war, but three brothers, George, Conrad and Michael, were brave and good 
soldiers in the army, and Conrad was killed in a skirmish at Battle Ridge, being struck by a 
shell He was a lieutenant and a young man of much promise. His remains lie in the 
cemetery at Chattanooga, Tenn. The subject of our sketch is a man who has so deported 
himself as to gain the confidence and the respect of all who know him. Strictly honorable 
and possessed of excellent business sense, he is a most valuable member of the council and 
his future gives promise of still greater success and usefulness. 

Anton Schmidt. A close observer, in studying the history of the advancement and 
development of the city of Indianapolis, will find golden threads running through the web 
and woof of events of the past years. These are indicative of the lives of those men whose 
public spirit and energy have made her first among the cities, and give her a conspicuous 
place among the commercial marts of the world. A true representative of such men is 
found in one whose career inspires this brief notice, Mr. Anton Schmidt, now councilman for 
the fourteenth ward, was born in Germany, September 12, 1846, and his parents. Charles 
and Louise (Brunk) Schmidt, both of whom were natives of that country, received their final 
summons in that State. Anton grew to manhood in Geilnan, Germany, and like many of his 
countrymen decided to make his future home in the United States. In 1866 he took passage 
for this country, landed in New York City, and came direct to Indianapolis where he worked 
in the California House. Ambitious and persevering he worked at anything that would 
bring him in an honest living, and in this manner gained a solid footing. He has been 
a resident of Indianapolis for twenty-six years and in business for himself for twenty years. 
Success has crowned his efforts and he is to-day one of the prominent men of Indianapolis. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 155 

fie was elected a member of the city council in 1801 and it is safe to say that in the discharge 
of the duties of that position his course will redound to the credit of himself and the present 
city government. He is a stockholder in the Shelby Street Building and Loan Association 
of which he is president, and socially is a member of the K. of H. His first marriage was 
to Miss Minnie Brocksmith, and his second to Miss Lizzie Schaub. Five children have 
blessed these unions — Louis, Hattie, Carrie, Lydia and Louise. A Democrat in his political 
views, Mr. Schmidt has ever espoused the principles of that party. 

Dr. William Niles Wishaed was born iu Greenwood, Johnson County, Ind., October 
10, 1851, a son of Dr. William H. and Harriet N. (Moreland) Wishard, and was educated at 
the Southport High School and at Wabash College. After leaving school he turned his at- 
tention to the study of medicine and was graduated from the Indiana Medical College in 
February, 1874. He at once entered upon the practice of his profession at Southport, and 
after gaining some valuable experience in that way became a student in Miami Medical Col- 
lege, Cincinnati, and was also graduated therefrom in March, 1876. Immediately there- 
after he resumed his practice at Soulhport, but in November, 1876. removed to Indianapolis, 
and was in active and successful practice there until July 1, 1870, when he assumed the 
duties of superintendent of the city hospital, to which he had recently been elected. Dur- 
ing the period of his practice in Indianapolis he served as deputy coroner of Marion County, 
and in that capacity made most of the post mortem examinations with which the coroner 
was credited. He gave great satisfaction as superintendent of the city hospital until Janu- 
ary 1, 1887, when he declined a re election in order to devote himself to the active practice 
of his profession. It was during Dr. Wishard's superintendency that the present elegant 
and commodious hospital building was erected, and it was chiefly through his influence and 
untiring energy that this great work was accomplished. For years he devoted himself to it 
and it will stand as a memorial to his useful labors. Dr. Wishard was appointed assistant 
surgeon general of the State of Indiana by Gov. Hovey, and was appointed surgeon general 
by Gov. Chase, and served with much credit in both positions. He was one of the organ- 
izers and was elected the first president of the Indianapolis Surgical Society, and at this 
time he is first vice president of the Mississippi Valley Medical Society, vice-president of the 
Marion County Medical Society and a member of the American Association of Genito Urinary 
Surgery. He has been honored by the Medical College of Indiana by appointment as as- 
sistant to the chairs of principles and practice of medicine, lecturer on clinical medicine 
and professor of genito- urinary and venereal diseases, which last- mentioned position he 
now holds. On leaving the city hospital Dr. Wishard was appointed consulting surgeon in 
that institution on genito urinary and venereal diseases, and the same position was given him 
in the city dispensary. Soon after severing his connection with the hospital he took a course 
in the Post- Graduate Medical College and Polyclinic, New York, after which he returned to 
Indianapolis and resumed general practice, which he soon abandoned to devote his entire 
• time to the practice of what had*become his specialty, gen ito- urinary surgery. He has done 
some original work in prostatic surgery, having performed the first operation for removal of 
the lateral lobes of the prostate gland through a perineal opening. In 1890 Dr. Wishard 
went to Europe for the purpose of better qualifying himself to practice his specialty, and he 
attended the Internationa] Medical Congress held in Berlin, afterward visited the hospitals 
in Berlin, Paris and London, saw and conversed with most of the leading specialists in his 
line of practice in those cities, and returned home in the autumn of that year. He is well 
read outside of professional literature, and having mingled much with some of the brightest 
men of the day he is a most charming and entertaining companion. He was married in 
May, 1880, to Alice, daughter of Mr. William Wesley Woollen, of Indiauapolis, a most brill- 
iant and fascinating lady, who died on December 9 following their marriage, and since then 
he has remained a widower. 'The Doctor has been a member of the Presbyterian Church 
since 1873, and, besides having served as ruling elder in the body with which he is identified, 
he has been influential in church councils and liberally helpful to all church interests and 
good works. Being six feet, two inches in height, compactly built and without surplus flesh, 
the Doctor is of commanding and most pleasing presence. His complexion is fair, and he 
has blue eyes and brown hair, and, all in all, his appearance is striking, yet attractive, and 
his manner is so hearty and cordial that a stranger upon entering his presence is put at once 
at his ease. 



156 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Gu8tave C. Lange. Love of flowers is inborn in the majority of people, but it is to 
only a comparatively few that the art of cultivating them in their utmost perfection is given. 
Mr. Gustave C. Lange seems to po3sess a natural aptitude for this branch of human endeavor, 
and in the position of florist for the State Insane Asylum at Indianapolis he has shown 
the best of judgment, great skill and the utmost taste. He has been a florist of Indianapolis 
for the past twenty-five years, but was born in Prussia in 1839, his father being George 
Lange. Gustave C. received his education in the land that gave him birth and while still 
residing there learned the art of gardening, for which he seemed to have a natural aptitude 
and a decided taste. In 1868 he left Prussia to come to the United States, and after spend- 
ing some time in St. Louis went to Cincinnati, but permanently located in Indianapolis 
shortly after, and turned his attention to floriculture exclusively and kept a well stocked and 
appointed establishment on East Washington Street, in the immediate vicinity of which he 
owned a nice tract of land upon which he at once put up extensive green-houses which he 
liberally stocked with all kinds of plants from the choicest exotics to the simple violet. After 
a time he sold out and removed to Peru, Ind., and later bought the place owned by B. A. 
Fohl. After selling this property he went to Dallas, Tex., where he was in business three 
years, then returned to Indianapolis and opened a store on North Illinois Street, but as the 
business was not a paying one he decided to give it up, and when asked to take charge of 
the grounds of the insane asylum he accepted, and the reputation of their great beauty has 
gone throughout the State. He has proven himself in every way competent to fill this 
responsible position and the directors of this institution have every reason to . be satisfied 
with his services. He was married in Cincinnati in 1871 to Miss Johanna Dinnse, a native 
of Prussia, and to them a daughter and three sons were given. After the death of this 
wife he married her sister, Carrie, by whom he has one son and three daughters. He and 
his wife are members of the Lutheran Church and he is a member of the Indianapolis 
Florists Club, and socially belongs to the K. of H. 

Joseph B. Adams. The business of house painting has become an art and one of the 
men who excels in this line of human endeavor is Joseph B. Adams, whose excellent taste 
and good judgment have brought him prominently before the notice of the most extensive 
builders and contractors, as well as property holders, in the city of Indianapolis. He owes 
his nativity to the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, where he was born on March 13, 1852, a son of 
John C. and Bhoda (Miller) Adams, the former a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, and the latter 
of the State of Pennsylvania. John C. Adams is now a successful painter and contractor of 
Cambridge City, Ind., a calling he has followed ever since starting out in life for himself and 
although in his sixty-second year is yet bale and hearty. He was a soldier in an Ohio regi- 
ment during the great Civil War and was loyal, brave and useful in espousing the cause of 
the Union. Joseph B. Adams is the eldest of his parent's children and in his youth was 
given the advantages of the excellent public schools of Cincinnati, which he did not fail to 
improve, and at the early age of sixteen years he turned his attention to learning the 
painter's trade with every branch of which he became thoroughly familiar under the intelli- 
gent direction of his father, with whom he remained until he attained his majority. He 
then left the shelter of the parental roof and came to Indianapolis, where he worked as a 
journeyman for quite a number years, after which he was engaged as foreman by William 
Muecke, which position he retained for thirteen years at No. 24 Virginia Avenue. At the 
end of this time he entered the employ of Salisbury & Stanley, as foreman, but only 
remained with them a few years, when he commenced the battle of life independently and 
since that time has done a very extensive business, in fact one of the most extensive in the 
city. Some of the most notable of the buildings which he has erected are the Lombard 
building, the City Hall, the Bates House, the Union Depot, the Grand Hotel, the Spencer 
House and has done a great deal of theater work and erected many beautiful dwelling 
houses in different portions of Indianapolis, in which work he has had direction over from 
twenty -five to forty men, all of whom he chooses carefully. He is one of the best versed 
contractors of the city, having given his attention to this line of work for many years, and the 
buildings which he has erected have been conspicuously commented upon and noticed by all 
builders and contractors, as well as by those who expect to build. He is a man of unblem- 
ished character and is loyal to his promises in all his undertaking?. He is a member of the 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 157 

Master Painter's Association, the Builders' Exchange, and socially belongs to the A. F. & A. 
M. and the K. of H. March 15, 1876, he was married to Miss Lucy Rueb, of Chillicothe, 
Ohio, and to their union a son and daughter have been given. 

William Bradley Clarke, M. D. One of the leading homoeopathic physicians of 
Indianapolis is Dr. William Bradley Clarke, who was born at Columbus, Ohio, November 8, 
1848, and-is consequently forty-five years old the World's Fair year. Dr. Clarke's father, 
who was a druggist at Columbus, was named Sumner Clarke, and was of the old Puritan 
stock, born at Northampton, Mass., where his father, Enos Clarke, was for years deacon in 
the famous Jonathan Edwards orthodox church. Dr. Clarke's mother, whose maiden name 
was Maria Haddock, died suddenly of cbolera when the Doctor was less than a year old and, 
the family breaking up, he was sent to Massachusetts to be reared by his uncle and aunt, his 
uncle being Rev. T. J. Clarke, a congregational minister at Cummington, Hampshire County; 
the historic little town was also the poet, William Cullen Bryant's home. Here he attended 
the common schools and for years was carefully educated by his uncle, Rev. Mr. Clarke, who 
was a graduate of Williams College and a man of the finest literary attainments, and who 
was as nearly a father to the boy as any uncle could have been. Then came a removal to 
Ashfield, the home of George William Curtis, for a few more years' residence. It would be 
interesting to trace just how much influence the literary labors of two such eminent men of 
letter, his neighbors, so to speak, had upon the mind of young Clarke, especially in inspiring 
in him the insatiable love for books and literary matter that has always been one of his chief 
characteristics. Another removal took him to Bernards ton, Mass., where he was placed in 
the then noted Powers Institute, where he was to be fitted for Amherst College. His father 
was now operating a large flouring mill near Chicago, which took fire and was destroyed; its 
owner was taken sick some time afterward, it is supposed from the effects of exposure and 
over-exertion at the fire, his illness terminating fatally. The mill insurance could not be col- 
lected and young Clarke, thrown upon his own resources, reluctantly gave up his idea of 
entering college, left school and at the age of sixteen of his own volition entered a newspaper 
and printing office with the determination of entering the trade and business; making rapid 
advancement he was, by the time he had reached his majority, competent to hold any position 
in which he might be placed. Passionately fond of travel, he served in many journalistic 
capacities in most of the large cities of the country, principally St. Louis, Cincinnati, Chicago, 
New York and Boston, and gradually acquired the nickname of "Walking Encyclopedia." 
Medical works early attracted his attention and in 1876, while a proofreader and editor, he 
began in earnest to read medicine with a view of entering a medical college, finally doing so, 
and three years thereafter graduating with honors from the Chicago Homoeopathic Medical 
College, March 6, 1884, winning the college dispensary position and in the subsequent competi- 
tive examination, the eighteen months interneship in the great Cook County Hospital, Chicago. 
Finally settling in Indianapolis associated with Dr. O. S. Runnels, he at once identified him- 
self with the State Medical Society and was elected secretary thereof, a position to which he 
has been yearly re-elected five or six times. He is also a member of the National Society of 
Homoeopathic Physicians, honorary member of the Missouri and Kentucky societies, member 
of the Indiana Academy of Science and (though not a theosophist) secretary of the Indian- 
apolis Theosophical Society. He was married at Indianapolis February 4, 1890, to Mrs. 
Alice P. Winings, their union being blessed with a beautiful boy, Clarence by name. Being 
of a literary turn of mind by nature and education, before receiving his medical diploma, it 
was impossible for him to afterward lay down his pen; indeed he has kept it phenomenally 
active ever since, all of his spare time being spent in preparing articles for medical societies 
in general and for newspapers. These articles cover a wide range of subjects and are always 
written with a view to entertain and instruct and for this reason are both eagerly welcomed 
by publisher and reader. One of the former thus speaks of him (Minneapolis Medical Argus, 
July, 1892): "To merely enumerate the titles of the topics touched upon by Dr. Clarke to 
the medical journals and newspapers would require all the space in this issue of the Argus. 
Suffice it to say that much of this work has been of a missionary character for homoeopathy. 
Dr. Clarke has done more to bring homoeopathy to the favorable attention of the 
laity than any member of the profession in America, and for this and for his untiring 
energy in all lines of professional work he deserves the hearty thanks of the profession. " And 



158 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

as showing the esteem in which Dr. Clarke is held at home, the following from an editorial 
in the Indianapolis Sun so long ago as November 6, 1889, may be cited: "Dr. Clarke seems 
to be on the road to recognition as one of the most advanced medical thinkers in the West." 
Dr. Clarke is always qnick to see what is needed in any sudden emergency, especially of a 
public nature. For instance during the blighting heat of the summer of 1890 when a public 
meeting was called to devise measures to save the babies from its effects, his remarks regard- 
ing the utility of tent life in open spaces and the statistics adduced made such an impression 
that when the Summer Mission for Sick Children was soon after put in operation, his sug- 
gestions were carried out to the letter, the plan being still followed every year. While Dr. 
Clarke enjoys a large and lucrative practice, be still finds time to devote to keeping abreast 
with the advancement made in his profession, as is evidenced by the fact that in the winter 
of 1887-88 he visited the various hospitals of New York, as well as by his persistent, thorough 
and systematic reading upon all topics in any way allied with medicine and surgery. 

Eugene Udell. As the years advance the discovery of some new element has a ten- 
dency to broaden the field of business operations and promulgate a general influence that en- 
ables men to attain a higher grade of knowledge than their predecessors. The different ends 
to which gas has been put have brought into activity men of keen business discernment and 
sound judgment. Eugene Udell represents the Indianapolis Gas Company and he and 
W. S. Schofield were the founders of the plant at this point, and since that time Mr. Udell 
has been its most successful and reliable manager. He was born near Albany, N. Y., April 
10, fifty-three years ago, a son of Gardiner Udell, who was also a native of that immediate 
section. The paternal grandfather was a Welshman, and after reaching this country came 
direct to Albany County and located near the Hudson River, and in the vicinity of the town 
of Bethlehem Gardiner Udell was reared. He died in Ypsilanti, Mich., in 1873, at the age 
of sixty-eight years. He was a man of excellent morals, was self made and was highly edu- 
cated through his own efforts. He was an omniverous reader, remembered what he read, 
and applied his knowledge to a good use. He had a host of friends and was held in high 
esteem for his strict integrity and many other noble attributes. He would never accept any 
official position, although often urged to do so. He was a strong Abolitionist prior to and 
during the war and did all he could for the freedom of the colored race. He was first a 
Whig and later a Republican in politics. As a farmer he was successful and as he farmed 
on scientific principles he was considered an authority on agricultural questions. He was 
strictly temperate and practiced temperance in all things. His wife was Manervia Bennett, 
who died in New Jersey in 1862, when about sixty years of age. In the common schools of 
Albany County, N. Y., the subject of this sketch received his education, which he finished 
in Greenville Seminary. At the age of eighteen years he turned his attention to school 
teaching in Bethlehem, which occupation he continued two terms, at the end of which time 
he entered the United States armory at Springfield and became lock-maker for the Spring- 
field Rifles. Three years later, or in 1863, he went to Watervliet Arsenal, where he was en- 
gaged in making scientific sights for rifled cannon, where he remained until the war closed. 
He then entered the service of the New York Central Railroad, stationed at West Albany, 
but not long afterward he and his wife came west to Ypsilanti, Mich., and bought a farm 
of Lionel Udell, a prominent citizen of that section, and took care of the latter and his wife 
until their respective deaths, which occurred about eight years later. About 1874 Mr. and Mrs. 
Udell came to North Indianapolis and this place has since been their home. Soon after coming 
here Mr. Udell became associated with his brother, C. G. Udell, who was the founder of the 
Udell Ladder Works,, and soon after this Eugene took charge of the ladder department, 
over which he had control for one year. At the end of that time he opened a grocery 
store, which he conducted some fifteen years, and during this time he was instrumental in 
establishing the first postoflice and for two years thereafter carried the mail without charging 
for his services. After retiring from the grocery business he succeeded in securing natural 
gas for North Indianapolis and has been manager of the Indianapolis Gas Company ever 
since. The establishment of this plant has been of inestimable benefit to North Indian- 
apolis and has been the means of greatly benefitting and improving the town. Mr. Udell 
is a member of the Royal Arcanum. He has never been an aspirant /or public favor, and 
upon Cleveland's first election to the presidency he resigned the position of postmaster, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 159 

which he had so long and ably tilled. He has ever been notedtfor his deeds of charity and 
benevolence and it became well known among the fraternity known as "Tourists," that 
Eugene Udell and his wife never refused to give them aid when asked to do so. Mr. Udell 
was married in 1860 to Miss Fannie W. Tompkins, a relative of old Gov. Tompkins, and 
a descendant of the renowned Ethan Allen, of Revolutionary fame. She is a native of 
Albany County, N. Y., and is the worthy wife of a worthy man. 

Allan Hendricks. In tracing the genealogy of the Hendricks family, we find that our 
subject is related to the Hendricks family of note, that his ancestors came originally from 
Holland, and he from a parentage marked by great strength of character and a certain hos- 
pitality, and largeness of nature. This family emigrated to America at a period antedating 
the Revolutionary War, settled first in New Jersey, and one member fought bravely for 
independence in this war. The original of this notice was born in Madison, Ind., Septem- 
ber 24, 1864, and his parents, Abram W. and Sarah B. (Butler) Hendricks, were natives 
respectively of Westmoreland County, Penn., and Madison, Ind. The father left his native 
State at an early date, and came to Madison, Ind., where he studied law for some time. 
At the breaking out of the Civil War he raised a company in the First Indiana Cavalry, but 
was subsequently made paymaster, with the rank of colonel, which position he held until the 
cessation of hostilities. He was mustered out late in 1865, and in 1866 he came to Indian- 
apolis, where he engaged in the practice of law with Oscar B. Hord and Thomas A. Hen- 
dricks. This partnership continued until the death of Gov. Hendricks, 1885, and was con- 
tinued by the survivors until the death of Mr. Hendricks, in 1887. This most worthy and 
estimable citizen served in the Legislature, session of 1853, and although not an office seeker, 
he held many positions of trust and responsibility. He was a brilliant lawyer, a fluent and 
forcible speaker, and one of the foremost men of his section. Of the six children born to 
his marriage five are now living, and Allan Hendricks was second in order of birth. The 
latter passed his boyhood and youth in Indianapolis and there received a good practical edu- 
cation, graduating from one of the city's best institutions of learning in 1882. Subsequently 
he engaged in the manufacture of pressed brick, which business he carried on with fair 
success for several years. Afterward he began the study of law, was admitted to the bar, 
and has since been in active practice. Distinguished as a boy for maturity of mind and 
expression of thought, when matured he was no less noted for his readiness of wit and 
strong intellectual qualities, making him early in life a peer among the legal lights. He is 
secretary of the Century Club, director in the Indiana School of Art, director of the Marion 
Club, director of the Hoosier's Savings and Investment Company, and is a member of the 
Commercial Club, besides holding membership in other clubs. In politics he is a stanch 
Republican, and in 1892 he filled a responsible position in the management of the campaign 
in Marion County. He was chosen secretary of the citizens' executive board, in charge 
of arrangements for the twenty-seventh national encampment, G. A. R., held in Indian- 
apolis in September, 1893, and contributed largely to the extraordinary success of the 
undertaking hy the faultless discharge of the exacting duties of his position. Whatever he 
undertakes he does with conscientious and painstaking care, and his work in various respon- 
sible positions has demonstrated that he possesses exceptional capabilities. He has a gen- 
uine and thorough love for literature, the indulgence of which, however, has been resisted 
rather than encouraged. He has, in consequence, written little for publication. His inti- 
mate friends only have been privileged to know of the unpretentious efforts which have 
given evidence of his gifts as a graceful and forcible writer, and which unmistakably indi- 
cate unusual qualifications for the higher order of literary pursuits. 

Theodore Potter, A. M., M. D. One of the best educated and most successful of 
the younger physicians of Indianapolis, is Theodore Potter, A. M., M. D., of 36 E. Ohio Street. 
Dr. Potter was born at Glendale, Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1861, a son of Rev. L. D. 
Potter, D. D. , who is a native of New Jersey and a descendant from some of the early fam- 
ilies of that State. His grandfather was a colonel in the Colonial army during the Revolu- 
tionary War and his father was a major in the United States army in the War of 1812. Rev. 
Dr. Potter was graduated from Princeton College in 1841, and has lived for thirty-seven 
years at Glendale, Ohio, where he has been for many years president of the Glendale Fe- 
male College. Dr. Theodore Potter was educated in the public schools of his native place, 



160 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

and at Dr. Hammill's celebrated school at Lawrenceville near Trenton, and at Princeton Uni- 
versity, and he was graduated at Princeton, one of the honored men of his class in 1882. His 
standing in college may be inferred from the fact that he was one of the editors of a literary 
paper at Princeton, which institution conferred upon him in 1885 the degree of A. M. In 
1882-83 he was an instructor at Miami University Classical School, Oxford, Ohio, and then 
began the study of medicine at the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati. After four 
years diligent application he was graduated in 1887, again with honors, receiving in the 
class of 1887 the prizes for the best examination in obstetrics and in the practice of medi- 
cine. During the succeeding year he was house physician in the Good Samaritan Hospital 
at Cincinnati and was appointed assistant demonstrator of bacteriology in the Medical Col- 
lege of Ohio. He was for a time associated with Dr. J. T. Whitaker, as assistant in prac- 
tice and in medico-literary work. In 1888 he went to Germany, spending about a year in 
hospital and laboratory work, returning to this country and locating in Indianapolis in the 
spring of 1889. In the summer of that year he was appointed demonstrator of bacteriology 
and general microscopy in the Medical College of Indiana, and during the succeeding year 
established and conducted the three lines of work which have since grown into the laboratory 
courses in Histology, pathology and bacteriology in that institution. , In 1891 he was elected 
professor of bacteriology, the chair being created for him, and in 1893 he was made 
professor of pathology and bacteriology. The same year he was appointed on the staff of 
the City Hospital, having previously been chosen one of the consulting staff of the City 
Dispensary, soon afterward becoming consulting physician for chest diseases to the last- 
mentioned charity. With the reorganizatian of the Indiana Medical Journal in the spring 
of 1892, Dr. Potter became one of its editors. He has read a number of papers before the 
County and State Medical Associations, several of them having been published. For several 
years he was appointed a committee of one to make the annual report upon bacteriology of 
the State Medical Society. Dr. Potter is a member of the Indianapolis Literary Club, of 
the Portfolio Club and of the Indiana Academy of Sciences. 

Thomas P. Mills. Of the many solid citizens engaged in the handling of realty in 
Indianapolis, there is not one who stands higher in public esteem or who enjoy a more sub- 
stantial share of recognition, than Thomas P. Mills, who is a member of the well known 
firm of Mills & Small, dealers in real estate, loans, rents, etc. Mr. Mills has been established 
in the line indicated for the past twenty-one years, and by close application and strict 
integrity has acquired a prosperous and influential business connection, numbering in his 
clientele some of the wealthiest property owners and shrewdest investors in the community. 
Mr. Mills who was born in Green County, Ohio, December 15, 1835, is a man of energy and 
sagacity, as well as entire probity of character and is thoroughly conversant with every 
feature and detail pertaining to the purchase, sale, transfer, and management of real estate. 
Appraisements are made for purchasers, Mr. Mills being accounted one of the very best 
judges of the present and prospective values of realty in and around Indianapolis. The 
parents of Thomas P. Mills, David and Melona (Brock) Mills, were born in Soath Carolina 
and Virginia respectively, the former being a farmer and stock dealer by occupation. In 
1822 he became a resident of the Buckeye State but in 1838 removed still farther westward 
to Hendricks County, Ind., where he was prosperously engaged in business for several years. 
Iu 1866 Indianapolis became his home and here he conducted a liverly stable until 1874 
when he retired. His death occurred in 1880, his wife's death also occurring in that year. 
Thomas P. Mills was about three years old when his parents came to Indiana and until 
fifteen years of age he resided on his father's farm in Hendricks County, at which time he 
entered his father's store as a clerk, after having acquired a good practical education in the 
common schools and at Mooresville College. After clerking for about three years he returned 
to his father' 8 farm where he engaged in agricultural and stock pursuits on an extensive scale 
for several years, but in 1872 disposed of his land, stock and other property to come to 
Indianapolis and engage in the real estate business which he has followed continuously 
ever since with most satisfactory results. On November* 4. 1854, Mr. Mills was married to 
Miss Anna Bowles, a native of Wayne County Ind., a daughter of George and Elizabeth 
(Bailey) Bowles, natives of North Carolina, the former having been the owner of but sold the 
land on which the city of Richmond now stands. Mr. and Mrs. Mills had two children, both 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 161 

of whom died when young. Mr. Mills is a member of the A. F. & A. M., the A. P. 
A. , belongs to the Republican party and he and his wife have long been members of the 
Friends Church, of which Mrs. Mills has been a minister for a number of years. 

William Williams was born in Rockbridge County, Va., near the Natural Bridge, April 
1, 1822, and two years later his parents, William and Mary (Sanders) Williams, moved to 
Botetourt County, Va., where the father, who was a cooper, made barrels for a flour- mill. 
The parents were natives of Virginia and Pennsylvania respectively, and the father was a 
soldier in the War of 1812. Twelve children were born to their union, as follows: Pow- 
hatan; Mildred, who married Samuel Morricle; Hector; Adeline, deceased, was the wife of 
William Zimmerman; Nancy, deceased, married Mr. Eitterman; David; Malinda, deceased, 
was the wife of Preston Jones; William (subject); John, killed in the Confederate service; 
Susan, deceased, who was the wife of Early Dickinson; Demaris, deceased, was the wife of 
Mr. Kitterman, and Matthew died from the effects of a wound received in the Confederate 
service; he was the husband of a Miss Saurs. The father of these children died in Virginia 
in 1842 and his wife followed him to the grave in 1856. Until sixteen years of age our sub- 
ject remained in Botetourt County, and during that time only received about two terms of 
schooling. He worked with his father and five brothers at the cooper trade until January, 
1849, when he started for California. He reached St Louis and found the prospect for get- 
ting an outfit so poor that he and 100 others abandoned the trip. He then came to Marion 
County, Ind., and for three years was engaged in making barrels. In 1852 he bought eighty 
acres in Perry township and tilled the soil there for three years when he went to Iowa and 
bought 100 acres of land in Benton County. One year later he returned to Marion County, 
Ind. , and purchased forty acres in Perry township. On this he erected a house and made 
his home there until 1863, when he sold it and the following year bought eighty acres of 
Andrew Shirk, in Section 15, Range 4 east, and paid $27 per acre, all green timber. In 
September, 1864, Mr. Williams was drafted and assigned to Company H, Seventeenth Indi- 
ana Infantry, and served nine months. He participated in the following battles: Red 
Mountain Iron Works> near Selma, and at Selma. From there they went to Montgomery, 
Ala. ; thence to Columbia, Macon, Ga., and Oglethorpe, Ga., where they remained about three 
weeks, and in the latter part of June Mr. Williams returned home. The next day, June 21, 
he commenced cutting the wheat he had put in in the fall when drafted. Id 1865 he bought 
ten acres at $75 per acre, and a year or so later he purchased the balance of the forty acres 
for $65 per acre. In 1893 he bought forty acres at $60 per acre and all his land is cleared 
except about twenty acres. In 1892 Mr. Williams raised about 1,100 bushels of wheat. He 
raises from twenty to twenty-five acres of corn per year that averages about seventy-five 
bushels to the acre. In 1893, on seven acres, he raised 400 bushels. In politics 
Mr. Williams has ever been a decided Democrat. He joined the Missionary Baptist 
Church in Virginia when nineteen years of age and has held membership in the 
same ever since. His wife is also a member of that church. He has always refused 
office, both in army and civil life and the church, except to serve as trustee in the 
latter. He was never sued in his life, and never sued but one man when he had to pay the 
costs. He then decided that he had done with law. Mr. Williams was married December 
26, 1850, to Miss Elizabeth J. Sanders, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Obenchain) San- 
ders, and twelve children were given them: George E., married Miss Martha McClain, and 
they have three children, Joel E., Clarence E. and Katy V.; Sarah, died when about 
ten years of age; John W., died in 1888, married Miss Ruth Girton, daughter of Ad. 
Girton, and left one daughter, Carrie J. ; Flora B., died June 22, 1861, when an infant; 
Mary E., died August 7, 1865, when an infant; Charles A., born June 13, 1865, and died 
August 13, 1877; Nora F., born October 9, 1868; Laura A., born Julyl7, 1866; Owen, born 
March 19, 1871, married Miss Sadie Toon, daughter of Lewis and Dicey (Collins) Toon (they 
have one son, Charles); Ida B., born September 11, 1873, married Oscar Morgan, May 12, 
1892; Katie, born January 14, 1876, died August 13, 1877, and Artie May, born August 12, 
1877. John Sanders, father of Mrs. Williams, was born in Rockbridge County, Va., and he 
was there married to Miss Elizabeth Obenchain. He was a blacksmith by trade and came to 
Indiana in 1848, settling in Marion County. Later he moved to Benton County, Iowa, and 

there died about 1864. His wife died in 1886. Five children were born to them, as follows: 
li 



L 



102 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 



George, who married Miss Elizabeth Wheatcraft, resides in Indiana; Elizabeth J., subject's 
wife; John W., who married Miss Sarah Kerns and now makes his home in Iowa; Mary V., 
married Robert Kirkpatrick, and is now a widow residing in Texas, and Edward J., who 
married Miss Emma Watson and resides in Iowa. 

Joseph Pknn, one of the well known and prominent agriculturists of Marion County, 
lad., and a lineal descendant of the famous William Penn, owes his nativity to Bourbon 
County, Ky., his birth occurring near Paris, right in the heart of the Blue-Grass region, 
January 21, 1824. The incidents of his early life were not materially different from those 
of other boys living on farms in the country. He was taught to work at anything necessary 
for him to do, and in this manner gained habits of industry and perseverance which have 
remained with him through life. In common with other boys he attended school winters in 
the stereotyped log school -house, and in summer assisted in clearing away the forest, fencing 
the fields and raising crops after the land was improved. He would rise long before day- 
light, and after finishing his feeding and chores, would walk three miles to the school-house, 
where he remained all day. He learned to read and write and to figure a little. In 1847 
he married Miss Elizabeth Webb, daughter of John Webb, a native of Virginia, and the same 
fall he and his bride started for Indianapolis, Ind., where her father had settled in 1840. 
They made the journey on horseback, and arriving in Marion County about four days after 
starting, stopped with her brother, Austin Webb, who lived on eighty acres of land in Perry 
Township. There Mr. and Mrs. Penn remained during the winter and in the spring 
returned on horseback to Kentucky, where our subject began working on his father's farm. 
There he remained until 1851, when he started with his wife for Montgomery County, Ind., 
where he had two married sisters living. He located in Brown Township, that County, 
about nine miles south of Crawfordsville, where he purchased 120 acres of land, paying 
$1,875 for the tract. Of this land half of it was ready for the plow. A frame house of two 
rooms had been erected, also a log stable, a well dug and an orchard set out. Mr. Penn 
resided on this tract about eight years, making many improvements, and then, in 1859, he 
sold the place to David Gayley for $35 per acre. Mr. Penn subsequently bought 208 acres 
on Indian Creek, Brown Township, paying $33 per acre, and of this tract there were about 
seventy -five acres cleared, a three -room frame house erected, also a log stable, and a fine 
orchard s»t out. On this farm Mr. Penn resided for about twenty five years, or until he came to 
Marion County, Ind., and in that time made many improvements. His son, Lafayette Penn, 
now occupies this farm. During the Civil War Mr. Penn purchased forty acres of land 
formerly owned by Moses Orme, located in Perry Township, Marion County, Ind., and in 
1884 he had a good barn and a fine two- story brick house of eight rooms erected on this 
tract. The following year he moved to this lovely place and here he now resides, practically 
retired from the active duties of life. Later he purchased forty acres adjoining, and still 
later twenty acres, on which he set out a fine orchard. He has 100 acres cleared and is 
one of the prosperous farmers of the locality. In politics he is a Democrat. Although not 
a member of any church he attends the Christian Church, in which his wife holds member- 
ship. He has never belonged to any secret organization. Mr. Penn's union was blessed by 
the birth of seven children, as follows: John T., who resides in Montgomery County, Ind., 
on a tract of 214 acres owned by his father, married first Miss Piuey Watson, by whom he 
had one daughter, Margaret, who married a man named Bailey. John T. took for his 
second wife Miss Eva Moore, who bore him four children as follows: Walter, Grace, Bessie 
and Sallie; David is at home, unmarried; Sarah, died in Montgomery County in 1884, aged 
twenty- five years; Mary died in infancy; Lafayette resides on the old farm in Montgomery 
County; he married Miss Lena Ray and they have three children, as follows: Florence, Ford 
and Ruth; Charles resides near John Penn, and is also married, his wife's maiden name be- 
ing Frances Howard; they have had three children, Harry, William and Roy; and Mattie 
makes her home with her parents. David Penn, the father of our subject, willed the latter 
225 acres in Bourbon County, Ky., and Joseph subsequently bought 125 acres more in that 
county. David Penn was a native of Bourbon County, born in 1797, and he was there 
reared and lived nearly all his life. He was married before twenty -one years of age to Miss 
Mary Lyon, daughter of John Lyon, and received forty acres of land from his father. Later 
he became the owner of several good farms in Bourbon County. He was a Democrat in his 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 163 

political views. He was not a member of any church. Seven children were born to this mar- 
riage: Jacob, who resides in Scott County, Ky., married Miss Sallie Bogers; Charlotte, who 
married Oliver McLeod, makes her home in Montgomery County; Joseph (our subject); 
David married Miss Kate Russell and died in 1873; Mary E., married Dr. Joseph Russell, 
who died in 1893, and now resides in Montgomery County, Ind. ; William, who died unmar- 
ried, and Betty died unmarried. After the death of the mother of these children the father 
married Mrs. Pauline Jones, nee Griffith, of Harrison County, Ky., where she owned a farm 
on which Mr. Penn and she lived until her death. Afterward the father came to Indiana 
and died at the home of our subject in the fall of 1889. Joseph Penn/ grandfather of our 
subject, was a native of Maryland, but emigrated to Kentucky when that State was almost 
one vast canebrake. He was married twice, first in Maryland and the second time in Ken- 
tucky. Six children were born to the first and eight to the second union. The father of 
our subject was one of the children born to the second union, his mother's maiden name be- 
ing Charlotte Acre, who was of Dutch extraction. The children born to the first union 
were named as follows: Eli, Daniel, Thomas, Samuel, George and Ann. The eldest child 
served in the War of 1812. The children of the second marriage were named as follows: 
Elizabeth, Jane, Delilah, John, David, Sallie, Susan and Joseph. All these children are 
dead, our subject's father being the last to die. 

Louis M. Bows, M. D. The profession of the physician and surgeon is one that has 
drawn to it, at all periods of its history, the brightest and most honorable of men; for none 
but an intelligent, well-informed man could be a physician at all, and no physician not a 
man of honor could long retain a profitable practice. Indianapolis has always been fortu- 
nate in its physicians, and it is especially so, during recent years, in its younger generation of 
practitioners, who have contributed much to the enhancement of the city's reputation as a 
center of medical knowledge. Conspicuous among these is Dr. Louis M. Bowe who was 
born in Columbus, Ohio, August 20, 1858, a son of W. E. and Emma S. (Large) Bowe, the 
former a native of Massachusetts, the latter a native of Ohio. W. E. Bowe has been a rail- 
road man for many years, formerly lived in Indianapolis, and is at this time a resident of 
Fountain County, Ind. Dr. Bowe came to Indianapolis with his parents when a mere child, 
and was educated in the public schools of the city and at the Illinois Industrial University. 
In the fall of 1878 he began the study of medicine under the preceptorship of the late Dr. 
T. B. Harvey. In 1879 he entered the Medical College of Indiana and was graduated there- 
from with the degree of M. D. in 1882. Dr. Harvey had trained him and supervised his 
education with the sole idea of making him his assistant in his large practice, and he was 
that successful and skillful practitioner's sole recognized assistant until Dr. Harvey's death. 
Since that event, Dr. Bowe has been engaged, with ever increasing success in a constantly 
broadening field, in a general practice, including among his regular patrons some of the 
leading families of the city and its suburbs. From 1884 to 1889, he was assistant to Dr. 
Harvey, who held the chair of Gynecology in the Medical College of Indiana, and with such 
splendid opportunities and under such distinguished preceptorship, started in a department 
of investigation in which, in his subsequent practice, he has developed into a most distin- 
guished practitioner, having, from first to last, performed about every operation known to 
gynecology. At different times, as the demands of his large practice have permitted, he 
has visited the leading hospitals of the country, at New York and elsewhere, and has there 
further studied this important specialty and perfected himself generally in his profession. 
Dr. Bowe is a member of the Marion County Medical Society, of the Indiana State Medical 
Society, of the Mississippi Valley Medical Association, and of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, and has often attended the conventions of the State and National organizations as a 
delegate from the county association. He has prepared and read before these various socie- 
ties papers on medical and surgical subjects which have attracted wide attention and have 
been published in some of the leading medical and surgical journals of the country. In 
1892, Dr. Bowe married May E. Wollen, daughter of Thomas and Keziah Wollen, her father 
a native of Marion County, her mother a native of Kentucky, her ancestors having been 
among the early settlers of this part of the country. In politics Dr. Bowe is a Democrat, 
and though not a politician in the ordinary sense and having no object of personal gain to 



164 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

serve, is intelligently and most earnestly interested in tbe public welfare as concerns the 
city, the county, the State and the country at large. 

Augustus Lynch Mason, one of the younger citizens of Indianapolis, was born February 
10, 1859, in Bloomington, Monroe County, Ind. His grandfather, Thomas H. Lynch, was 
a Methodist preacher, well known in Indianapolis for the last half century. At the time of 
his birth his father, William F. Mason, was a Methodist minister, and the birthplace of the 
young man was the MotWli.it parsonage at Bloomington. His boyhood was passed in Cin- 
cinnati where be attended tbe public schools. In 1872 his parents removed to Indianapolis 
where he entered what was then known as the North western Christian University, now known 
as Butler University, attending there for two years. Id 1876 he entered Indiana Asbury 
University, now known as DePauw, at Greencastle, Ind., where he graduated in 1879. On 
leaving college he entered the law office of McDonald & Butler in this city for the purpose 
of studying law. At the time the firm had the largest practice in the State, and Mr. Mason 
was the youngest of a series of six clerks and students. By good fortune, in the course of 
two years, he became chief clerk for the firm and began to take part in important litigation. 
In 1882 Judge Robert N. Lamb, of the Indianapolis bar, took Mr. Mason into partnership 
with him, a business relation which continued for a year. During this year Mr. George C. 
Butler, a brilliant young lawyer, well known at the time to Indianapolis lawyers, junior 
member of the old firm of McDonald & Butler, died, and Mr. Mason was invited to become 
his successor in tbe firm. The arragnement was consummated May 1, 1883, and the firm con- 
tinued to be known as McDonald, Butler & Mason until the latter part of 1887. At the time 
of entering the McDonald firm Mr. Mason gave considerable attention to writing, being 
spurred thereto by the necessily for money. He wrote a large part of the " Life of Gar- 
field" within thirty days after the statesman's death; the book was published under the 
name of John Clark Ridpath, by whom Mr. Mason was employed to assist in the prepara- 
tion of the book. So successful were the chapters in the " Life of Garfield' 1 prepared by 
Mr. Mason, that at the close of this work he was iuvited to prepare a popular history of the 
famous Indian warriors and frontiersmen of North America, which offer was accepted. In 
eight months he produced a work of a thousand pages known as "The Pioneer History of 
America" and published in Cincinnati. The book met with a very large sale at the hands 
of subscription book agents. In the preparation of the work Mr. Mason read and annotated 
some 500 volumes from which he drew his information. His only regret concerning the 
book developed a year or two since when a prominent politician of this State met him in a 
train and declared that the book had caused his vouugest son to run away for the purpose of 
fighting Indians and it cost him $500 to recover 'the youth. In the latter part of 1887 Mr. 
Mason had the misfortune to feel the effects of overwork and found that his health was 
seriously impaired. By the advice of physicians he was compelled to retire from business 
and spent a year in travel, visiting practically every part of the United States. In January, 
1889, he returned to Indianapolis much improved in health, and reopened his law office. 
While engaged in general practice he was chosen by the commercial club and board of 
trade for the purpose of investigating the condition of the laws governing tbe city of Indian- 
apolis at that time. After careful study of the subject he made a report pointing out the 
unsatisfactory conditions of the laws governing the city as the source if many of the evils 
then existing in the government of the city, and recommended that an entirely new charter be 
prepared for the city and presented to the new Legislature covering the whole field of the 
government of the city. After a month or two of hesitation this report was adopted and in 
connection with a committee of eight other members, well known business men, the work of 

istrncting the charter was commenced. It occupied nearly a year, and was based on the 

; approved notions of municipal government as tested by other cities, as well as introduc- 
ia.ny ideas heretofore untried in this country. It was remarked to Mr. Mason when the 
ill passed the Legislature that it would have been better for bis reputation had it failed, 
le reason that much of it would undoubtedly be held unconstitutional. A large number 
its have gone to the Supreme Court involving the validity of various provisions of the 
er, hut np to this time not one line of the charter has been held invalid. It is under 
aw that the entire executive and administrative authority of the city is lodged in the 
r. Under its provisions also the improvement of streets and the construction of sewers, 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 165 

levees and viaducts, the sprinkling and sweeping of improved streets are paid for by abutting 
property holders whose property is benefited. The city is also authorized to build and own 
its own water, gas and electric light works, as well as its street railways. None of these last 
named powers have yet been exercised. Mr. Mason regards the preparation of the " Reform 
Charter" as by far the most important work of his life. Pending the preparation of the 
charter he was elected dean of the law school of DePauw University at Greencastle, Ind. 
The work brought him in contact with young men and proved to be of the greatest interest 
to him. Although carrying on the burden of his law office, he found time to prepare and 
deliver many lectures before the law school during a period of three years, taking a particu- 
lar interest in corporation and patent law, in which he had done his best work. His connec- 
tion with corporation matters led him to various employments looking to the construction of 
new street railroad lines in Indianapolis as well as to the purchase of the old ones. In the 
spring of 1893 Mr. Mason accepted, for the time being, the presidency of all the street rail- 
road lines of the city, in which position he still continues, although spending part of every 
day in his law office. His tastes are literary and he believes in the gospel of hard work. In 
politics he is a pronounced Republican, and in religion a member of the Methodist church, 
although inclining strongly to the most liberal religious opinions. On January 25, 1893, 
Mr. Mason married Miss Annie D. Porter, the only daughter of Hon. Albert G. Porter, ex- 
governor of Indiana, and ex-United States minister at Rome, Italy. 

Abner L. Newland. We do not measure a man's life by years but by intensity. If 
we measure the life of Mr. Newland by the work he has«accomplished then he is the most 
venerable of men, although he is now but sixty-three years of age, his birth having occurred 
in Union County, Ind. , September 30, 1830, near Dunlapville. As an influential citizen of 
the flourishing city of Indianapolis and one who has done much for its growth and advance- 
ment, it gives us pleasure to present the main facts of his life to our readers. Both his 
paternal and maternal ancestors were early settlers of Indiana, some of them settling in 
Franklin County as early as 1804. In 1847 our subject moved with his parents to Indian- 
apolis and worked on a farm the first year, a part of the city now standing on that farm. 
Later he taught school in Morgan County, near the town of Waverly, Cyrus Wetzel, a 
descendent of the celebrated Indian fighter, being school trustee. After teaching two 
terms he returned to Indianapolis and began clerking for William John Wallace, continuing 
with him for several months. He left there to accept a position as clerk in the post- office 
under W. W. Wick and was a member of the City Grays, a military company that afterward 
furnished so many officers for the war. He was also a member of the City Grays' Band 
and was with them during the gold fever excitement in New Mexico, when they made the 
trip to that country. Gold was not so plenty as represented, and Mr. Newland and his com- 
panions decided to take a look at the western country. He went south through New Mexico 
to Arizona, Old Mexico, 'and through Texas to the Gulf of Mexico and thence back to 
Indianapalis by way of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers, covering a distance of about 8,000 
miles in about two years. After reaching Indianapolis he entered the store of A. Wallace 
and remained with him until the breaking out of the Civil War. He entered Camp Morton 
the day after the firing on Fort Sumter, and was organized with Company A, Thirteenth 
Indiana, and was made first sergeant. Later he was promoted to sergeant-major at Beverly, 
Va., and at the end of six months was promoted to lieutenant and captain, both commis- 
sions coming by the same mail. After two years' service he was obliged to resign on account 
of disability and he then returned to Indianapolis, where he has since made his home. He 
served as deputy sheriff under Albert Russner and filled the same position in a creditable 
and efficient manner under Sheriff Isaac King. Later he was bailiff in the Circuit 
Court under Judge Jacob Julian, Alex. C. Ayres, Thomas L. Sullivan and Edgar A. 
Brown. In 1885 he was elected to the council from the twenty- first ward over Pres- 
ton C. Trussler by a majority of twenty- six. He is one of the city's most esteemed 
and worthy citizens and in every walk of life has acquitted himself with credit. Tn 
domestic pleasure Mr. Newland has found agreeable diversion from the many duties that 
have accumulated around him as an official servant. He has an efficient and cheerful help- 
mate in his wife, who was formerly Miss Sarah E. Bidgood, and whom be married 



1 06 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

April 3, 1879, at Cumberland, Marian County, Ind. They have two children, grown, 
a son and daughter, 

O. Q. Pfaff, M. D. Among all the able physicians of Indianapolis there is probably 
not a more popular general practitioner or a more learned or skillful gynecologist (in which 
department of practice he has performed with gratifying success about every known opera- 
tion) than Br. O. G. Pfaff. Dr. Pfaff belongs to an ancient German family, who bore arms 
as early as the fourteenth century. Hie father. Dr. Jacob L. Pfaff, was the eon of parents 
who came from the "Fatherland" aod located in North Carolina just previous to the Revo- 
lutionary War, in which his father (Dr. Pfaff' s grandfather) served gallantly in defense of 

* : cau independence. In the State mentioned Dr. Jacob L. Pfaff was born. He gradu- 

i medicine in North Carolina medical institutions and was for some time thereafter 
ited in practice with an eminent German physician. On account of bis pronounced 
avery viewe he left North Carolina and took up his residence in Indiana about 1840, 
icating at Wesfcfield, lived there until his death, which occurred in 1859. As a physi- 
e was quite successful, but he made himself unpopular with some of his neighbors by 
equivocal denunciation of slavery in private and in public, for he made many speeches 
or of abolition, which were characterized by all the bitterness engendered in the hearts 
;ers of human bondage at that time, when the misnamed " divine institution " was a 
blot on our American escutcheon. He was reviled, insulted and at. times mobbed, 
invective was found to have no effect upon him missiles, sometimes eggs, were brought 
jquisition, but he did not foan death and they did not deter him from going right ahead 
plain path of his duty. He gave to the anti-slavery cause much time and a good deal 
iey; he sacrificed to it a part of the success that might have been his had he refrained 
aking the bold stand he took. He was for years manager of a portion of that historic 
isiirveyed " underground railroad," and as sach was instrumental in sending a good 
of his black-skinned fellow men to a freedom beyond our borders that they could not 
ithin them. For years he fought a brave and determined fight, in which he found no 
and never demanded a truce, and he died just before emancipation was an accom- 
d fact; but his movement is absolnte freedom to all men under the stars and stripes, 
will never again be curtailed or circumscribed. In 1858 (April 28), only a year, more 
i, before the death of this grand man of the people, occurred the birth of his son, Dr. 
Pfaff. When the latter was sis years old, doubly orphaned, his mother having died 
? came to Indianapolis and was given a home with his elder brothers, who afforded him 
advantage within their means, not the least of which was opportunity to attend tbe 
: schools. At the age of twenty he entered the office of the late Dr. T. B. Harvey, and 
the direction of that able preceptor began the study of medicine. In 1878 he became 
ent in the medical college of Indiana, and was graduated from that institution in 1882. 
g the sis months succeeding his graduation he practiced his profession with Dr. Har- 
nd was then, by the county commissioners of Marion County, appointed resident pby- 
at the Marion County Asylum, a position which he retained a year and a half. For a 
time after severing his conuection with that institution he practiced his profession in 
nsin, but he soon located permanently in Indianapolis and has grown into a large gen- 
ractice and a reputation as a gynecologist that has given him high standing in his pro- 
i. He has been connected with the Medical College of Indiana in various capacities 
is been of almost invaluable aid to that institution. At this time he is its lecturer on 
es of women. He is also consulting gynecologist to the city dispensary and to St. 
at's Hospital. In 1890 Dr. Pfaff took a post-graduate course at the New York post- 
ate school and another in 1891 in the New York Polyclinic. In 1892 he took a special 
> in gynecology, under Dr. August Martin, at Berlin, Germany, and attended clinics at 
liversity at Berlin. He is a member of the Indianapolis Surgical Society, of the 
ii County Medical Society, of tiie Indianapolis State Medical Society, of the Mississippi 
Medical Association and of the American Medical Association. Politically, Dr. Pfaff 
most enthusiastic Republican. He is a K. of H , and is medical esaminer for 
'der in his district. He was married November 24, 1885, to Mary Alvy, daughter of 
H. Alvy and a native of Indianapolis. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 167 

Samuel Small. Within years of recent date the remarkable growth of the real estate 
business has given it a prominence and placed it in a position attained by very few other 
elements in this country. This increase and promotion can be nothing less than a reflex of 
the progress and prosperity of every general interest in the community and constitutes a 
strong reason for gratification among all appreciative and observant business men. In In- 
dianapolis this phase of affairs is noticeable and argues brightly for the future. In this 
connection the name of Samuel Small is conspicuous and enterprising and occupies a recog- 
nized position among both real estate agents and the owners of property. He was born at 
Greensboro, in Henry County, Ind., July 24, 1843, his parents being Joseph and Jane 
(Phelps) Small, the former of whom was born in Wayne County, Ind., and the latter in Gil- 
bert County, N. C. Joseph Small became a thrifty farmer of Henry County, where he made 
his home until 1850, at which time he removed to Hendricks County, Ind., where he con- 
tinued the same occupation until his death, which occurred in February, 1887, his wife's 
death having occurred two years earlier. Samuel Small was about eight years old at the 
time of his parents' settlement in Hendricks County, and there he was brought up to the 
healthy, active and useful life of the farmer, the rudiments of his literary education being 
obtained in the common schools and at Mooresville High School. After leaving school he 
purchased a saw- mill at Plainfleld; which he operated successfully for about three years, 
then sold the same and erected a grist-mill at a cost of about $9,000, but a short time after 
its completion he exchanged it for a farm of 120 acres in Hamilton County and for eleven years 
was occupied in tilling this land with satisfactory financial results. Always of a generous 
disposition and warmly attached to his friends, he became security for a number of them to 
considerable amounts and upon their inability to pay was compelled to liquidate the 
amounts, thus losing heavily. He then gave up his farm and removed to Plainfield, in 1881, 
where he engaged in the real estate and insurance business, but on January 1, 1889, he 
became a member of the present firm of Mills & Small and moved to the city March 14, 1890. 
These gentlemen have had sufficient experience in the handling of real estate to make them- 
selves and their advice valuable in the extreme to operators who intrust their interests in their 
hands. November 7, 1866, Mr. Small was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Cpggeshall, a 
native of Wayne County, Ind., and to them a family of five children have been given: Leora 
B. , Millicent J., Bethana Estella, Joseph O. and Robert P. The wife and mother was called 
from life in February, 1890, and on June 29, 1892, Mr. Small was united in marriage to Miss 
Anua M. Eeehn, a native of Reading, Berks County, Penn. Mr. Small has always been a 
Republican in politics, is a member of the Friends' Church, and socially is a member of the 
A. O. U. W., in which he, has held various positions of honor. 

John B. Cockrum. Among tue prominent men of Indianapolis, Ind., stands the name 
of John B. Cockrum, who is at present assistant general attorney of the Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad at that place. He is a product of Indiana, born in Gibson County, Sep- 
tember 12, 1857, and his parents, Col. W. M. and Lucretia (Harper) Cockrum, were natives 
of that county also. The paternal grandfather, Col. James W. Cockrum, came from 
North Carolina at an early day, and settled in Gibson County, Ind., where he was one of 
the pioneers. He laid out Oakland City and followed the occupation of a farmer, but in 
connection was also engaged in merchandising. He was Colonel of the State Militia during 
the Mexican war, and was a prominent man. At an early date he was a member of the 
Legislature and associated with the Hon. William H. English, now of this city. The closing 
scenes of his life were passed in Gibson County. Our subject's maternal grandfather, John 
Harper, was an early settler of Gibson County, Ind., and of an old and highly respected 
family. The father of our subject, Col. William M. Cockrum, is still a resident of O-kland 
City, Ind., and one of its most esteemed and popular citizens. He has been identified with 
all public interests, and is in every way a most worthy citizen. Although active in political 
matters he has never aspired to nor filled any political office, preferring instead to give his 
entire attention to his extensive farm. During the Civil war he was lieutenant- colonel of 
the Forty-second Indiana Regiment, and was severely wounded at the battle of Chicka- 
mauga. For some time he laid on the battle-field and was then captured and taken to 
Libby Prison where he remained seven months. He was an inmate of the prison at the 
time Col. Streight and others made their escape through the famous tunnel. He was 



168 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

paroled at Columbus, Ohio, took charge of his regiment as lieutenant-colonel, and remained 
with the same until the close of the war. By his union with Miss Harper he became the 
father of nine children, as follows: John B., Ella, Clara, Willie, Morton, Zoe, May, James 
W. and Marion O , all of whom are living except Willie who died in infancy. John B. 
Cockrum, the eldest of these children, grew to mature years in his native town, secured a 
fair education in the same, and then taught school for three years. Later he graduated in 
the Cincinnati Law School. This was in the spring of 1879, when twenty-one years of age, 
and he subsequently formed a partnership with C. W. Armstrong, of Boonville, Warrick 
County, Ind. This continued until 1883, when they together formed a partnership with 
Judge JohnB. Handy, under the firm name of Handy, Armstrong & Cockrum, the same con- 
tinuing until 1889. They had the most extensive law practice of any firm in that county. 
Mr. Cockrum is a man of very superior natural endowments, strengthened and enriched by the 
highest culture. His mind is clear, concise, analytical and well poised. Of quick per- 
ception, he reaches at a bound what might cause others hours of study and research. He 
impresses you at once as a man of great strength, depth and grasp of mind. In 1888 he 
was selected as the Harrison delegate to the Chicago convention, in as hard a fought dis- 
trict convention as was ever held in the State. He was active in this campaign and on 
March 12, 1889, he was appointed assistant United States district attorney for the district 
of Indiana, by President Harrison. This position he held until April 20, 1893. On March 
1, of that year he was appointed assistant general attorney for the Lake Erie & Western 
Railroad, Mr. W. E. Hackedorn being general attorney. This position he holds at the 
present time and has recently taken up his residence in Indianapolis, where he purchased 
property on College Avenue. His fine home is presided over by his worthy companion, 
formerly Miss Fannie C. Bittrolff, of Evansville, Ind., whom he married on January 22, 
1880. Two interesting children are the fruits of this union, Freeda and Oatley, aged 
twelve and ten respectively. Mr. Cockrum takes a deep interest in political affairs and 
wields his influence for his party. He is identified with nearly all the secret societies and 
several prominent clubs of the city. He is an Odd Fellow, has held the office of grand 
patriarch of the grand encampment of Indiana, is a Mason, and a K. of P., being chairman 
of the grievances and appeals committee of the grand lodge, and is a member of the Com- 
mercial and Columbia Clubs. 

W. E. Hackedorn. Among the citizens, of Indianapolis who have carried their way 
from a modest beginning to the rank of its prominent men, not one occupies a more envi- 
able position than W. E. Hackedorn. Possessed of excellent ability, grafted upon a 
stock of sturdy honesty, he also possesses a goodly degree of those personal attributes that 
spring from a kindly heart, an honest purpose, a broad liberality and a fraternal sympathy. 
He was born in Richland County, Ohio, January 29, 1855, to George G. and Lucinda S. 
(Shur) Hackedorn, the former of whom was a physician by profession, but spent the greater 
part of his life as a banker at Lima, Ohio. He paid the last debt of nature September 1, 
1874. The subject of this sketch was brought up in Lima and was educated in the public 
schools and in the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, from which he graduated in 1875. 
Soon after this event he began the study of law and began his practice at Lima. He 
moved to Indianapolis in the fall of 1887, and soon after became connected with the Lake 
Erie & Western Railroad Company, as attorney, which connection has continued up to the 
present time to the satisfaction of all concerned. From 1878 to 1882 he was attorney for 
the Sandusky Division, and in 1883 was made general attorney for this road, and as such 
still continues. Since 1890 he has also been general attorney for the Fort Wayne, Cincin- 
nati & Louisville Railroad Company, and throughout his entire professional career he has 
been closely identified with railway interests, his advice and labors in their behalf being 
highly valued notwithstanding his youth. He is also secretary of the Indianapolis & 
Northeastern Railroad Company. Personally he is universally popular, and in all relations 
his life is without blemish or stain. In 1885 he was married to Miss Dell Hull, of Bueyrus, 
Ohio. 

Lafayette F. Page. M. D. Diseases of the nose, throat and ear, including catarrhal, 
bronchial aud allied ailments, have during recent years received the special attention of 
many physicians of skill and eminence. One of the most conspicuous of the medical prac- 




■» 



^<-, 



THE N t;W YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



AStOR. LENOX A'*0 
TILDlN FO'JMDi " • 



:■»" 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 169 

titioners of Indianapolis devoting himself to these branches of practice, is Dr. Lafayette F. 
Page, who was born at Columbia, Ky., May 21, 1863, and is a son of Robert and Mary (Irving) 
Page, natives of Charlottesville, Va. Robert Page was a business man of prominence. Dr. 
Page was educated privately and at the public schools of Columbia, Ky., and later pursued a 
classical course at Columbia College, there obtaining the degree of A. B. For two years he 
was teacher of higher mathematics in Kentucky and for one year afterward in Texas. In 
1885 he removed to Louisville and began the study of medicine at the Louisville Univer- 
sity (medical department). After taking the first course of lectures, he came to Indianapo- 
lis and entered the Indiana Medical College, from which he was graduated in 1887, receiv- 
ing the Mears gold medal as a mark of special honor. At the same time he entered a com- 
petitive examination for the position of interne at the city dispensary and secured the 
appointment for one year. He then entered upon a general practice to which he devoted him- 
self with increasing success for two years. Later he took two post- graduate courses at 
New York with the end in view of perfecting himself in a knowledge of pathology and treat- 
ment of the specialties to which he has given his almost exclusive attention since 1890. 
Though still a young man, he has gained a reputation in this line which has made him well 
and widely known for his skill and success. He is a member of the Marion County Medical 
Society, the Indiana State Medical Society and the American Medical Association, and since 
coming to Indianapolis, has been physician to the county asylum, and he is at this time con- 
sulting physician in diseases of the throat, nose and ear, to the city dispensary. He is a 
member of the K. of P. and in politics is a Democrat. 

John C. Gbeene. One of the w«»ll known and successful lawyers of Indianapolis is the 
gentleman whose name appears above. He is no less popular socially than atthe bar and is 
distinguished as being descended from a family of more than ordinary prominence during 
the revolutionary days. He was born in Rush County, Ind., February 17, 1831, a son of 
Lot and Anna (Cooper) Greene, natives respectively of Virginia and Kentucky. His pa- 
ternal grandfather, who was for many years a resident of Guilford County, N. C, was Thomas 
Greene, whose father, a Rhode Islander, was first cousin to Gen. Nathaniel Greene. 
Gen. Greene and Thomas Greene were members of the Society of Friends, and Gen. Greene 
had many Quakers among his followers through the revolutionary struggle who suspended 
their relations with their peaceful brotherhood during the period w^en their country had 
such dire need of their services. When the independence of the colonies was assured, several 
of these made a request for themselves and for their Comrades for reinstatement. A com- 
mittee was appointed on behalf of the society to consider their application and after due de- 
liberation informed them that they would be reinstated if they would acknowledge before the 
congregation that they had done wrong in taking up arms in mortal strife. Gen. Greene 
was appointed spokesman for the patriot "Friends." They were of one mind. They bad 
risked their livos in the cause of liberty and they were not only not sorry for it but were 
proud of it. The General stated to the committee that in reply to its demand that they 
should acknowledge the act as wrong he had but one answer to make and that it was a de- 
cided one, "they would be damned if they would do it." From that time on Thomas Greene 
repudiated the Society of Friends. He left his people and went to Virginia, thence to Som- 
erset County, Ky., and thence to Franklin County, Ind, where be died on his farm two 
miles below Brooklyn. Mr. Greene's grandfather, Cooper, also served the cause of the pa- 
triots for two years during the war for independence. He was a farmer and a Baptist 
preacher and closed his days in Rush County, Ind. Lot Greene, father of the immediate 
subject of this sketch, was a farmer in Rush County all his active life. He was a man of 
fine attainments for those days and at different times taught school with such success that he 
is regarded as having been an able educator. For twenty years he was justice of the peace 
under tho old constitution. He married Anna Cooper and she bore him eight children, 
named as follows: John C. (whose name heads this article). Samuel, Louisa (of California), 
Dr. James, Dr. W. F. (deceased), Amanda (deceased), P. M. (president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Pasadena County, Cal.), and Mrs. Anna G. Porter, of California. John C. 
Greene was reared on his father's farm in Rush County, Ind., attending the district schools 
and working on the place until he was twenty -two years of age. He then entered DePauw 
(then Asbury) University, and was a student in that institution until compelled, nearly four 



170 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

years later, to relinquish his studies on account of failing health. Not long afterward he 
entered the law office of Davis & Wright, at Shelby ville, Ind., and read with them until he 
was admitted to the bar in March, 1856, and began the practice of his profession in associa- 
tion with his former preceptors as a member of the firm of Davis, Wright & Greene, a rela- 
tion which continued most pleasantly and profitably for all concerned for ten years. In Oc- 
tober, 1866, he came to Indianapolis. He was for about one year thereafter in the service of 
the United States Government, and afterward was for nine years a wholesale merchant, first 
in tobacco, cigars and teas, and later in drugs. But Mr. Greene gave up his mercantile 
career to return to the practice of his profession, which has since engaged his time and at- 
tention. As a lawyer he is noted for the skill with which he prepares his cases, the ability 
with which he presents them and the force and logic with which he argues them. It is his 
invariable custom to advise against litigation as long as litigation can be avoided without 
detriment to his client's interests, but when he once takes a case in hand he leaves no stone 
unturned in the road to victory. He numbers among his clients many of the leading citizens 
firms and corporations of Indianapolis and its vicinity, and is specially retained by the Mu- 
tual Life Endowment Association. Politically Mr. Greene is a Republican, and while he 
can quite plainly state his reasons for so being, he is not in the ordinary sense a politician, 
and he has never sought nor accepted office, preferring to devote himself entirely to his busi- 
ness interests and having really no ambition in the direction of a public life. In a worldly 
way he has been quite successful. He was married in September, 1854, to Miss Catherine 
Houston, a cousin of Samuel Houston, of Texas, and who has borne him two children, Robert 
L. and Lucien, both of whom live in Chicago. His present wife, whom he married in 
March, 1885, was Azie McLean, of New Orleans. As a citizen Mr. Greene has always been 
most public spirited and helpful. He is proud of Indianapolis and of the grand State of 
Indiana and zealous for their progress and prosperity. 

Dr. Robert Geddes Gray don, now retired from the active duties of his profession, is 
probably one of the best known physicians of Marion County, Ind. He has been unusually 
successful in the practice of his profession, and that he deserves the good fortune that 
attended his efforts is indisputable, for he is not only honest and reliable and intelligent, 
but he has ever been sympathetic yet cheerful in the sick room, and possessed the happy 
faculty of winning the confidence and liking of his patients, which had much to do with 
their restoration to health. In fact, throughout the county he is considered an authority in 
medical lore, and is highly regarded* by the medical fraternity. The Doctor first saw the 
light of day in Lancaster County, Penn., August 17, 1819. his parents being Alexander and 
Sarah (Geddes) Graydon. The father was born in Harrisburg, Penn., his birth occurring in 
1791, and the principal part of his life was spent in merchandising in his native town. In 
1843 he went to Indianapolis, Ind., where he was engaged in merchandising until 1858, and ten 
years later his death occurred. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and was in the cam- 
paign when the British burned the capitol and bombarded Baltimore. He was married 
first, in 1818, to Miss Sarah Geddes, a native of Pennsylvania, and to this union was born 
one son, our subject. The mother's death occurred at that time. On September 10, 1822, 
Mr. Graydon was married to Miss Jane C. McKinney, daughter of Mordecai McKinney, 
and fourteen children were born to this union, nine of whom reached mature years. Of 
these three died unmarried. Those who married were named as follows: Mary E., who 
became the wife of Joseph K. Sharp, of Indianapolis; William M., who married Miss Mary 
Merrill, resides in Indianapolis; Alexander, who resides in St. Louis, married Mary Frances 
Foster; Emma is the widow of James C. Alexander, and resides in Indianapolis; Andrew, 
married Miss Lavinia Doxon, and now makes his home in Indianapolis; and James W., who 
resides in London, England, first married Miss Mary McCnllough and after her death was 
married to Miss Mary Bodine. William Graydon, the grandfather of the above mentioned chil- 
dren, was born in Bristol, Penu., on the Delaware River, in 1759. He was a lawyer by 
profession, and in his early manhood moved to Harrisburg, Penn., where he was soon after 
appointed justice of the peace by George Mifflin, Pennsylvania's first governor, and held 
that position for fifty years. His death occurred in October, 1840. He assisted in suppress- 
ing the whisky insurrection in Pennsylvania, and was under Gen. Washington. The 
grandfather was first married to Miss Eleanor Scull, who bore him six children. After 



J 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 171 

her death he was married to Miss Eleanor Murray, and four children were born to them, 
two of whom are now liviug: William, who now resides in Philadelphia, and Henry M., 
who lives in Harrisburg. Alexander Graydon, the great-grandfather of our subject, was 
born in County Longford, Ireland, in 1709, and was educated for the Episcopal ministry in 
Dublin. He came to America in 1730, settled in Philadelphia, and at once commenced the 
study of law. A number of years later he was appointed judge of the Bucks County Court, 
of which Bristol was the county seat, and he moved to that town and made his home there 
until his death in 1760. He was married in Philadelphia to a Miss Marks, and several chil- 
dren were born to them, of whom two sons, Alexander and Andrew, were soldiers in the 
Revolution, Alexander serving as captain and Andrew as cornet player. The former was 
captured and confined in New York city for some time by the British. He was afterward 
prothonotary or clerk of Dauphin County Court, and held that position for many years. He 
was a member of the constitutional convention of 1793, and was one of the electors who 
voted for George Washington. He died in Harrisburg in 1817. Although married twice, 
he left no children. The Doctor's earliest maternal ancestor of whom he has any trace was 
Paul Geddes, who was a native of the Emerald Isle, born in 1660. He married the Widow 
McElroy, and died in 1720 or 1730. His son, James Geddes, was born in 1704 and died in 
1764. The latter married Miss Margaret Muir and came to America in 1752, settling in the 
Keystone State. He and wife had three sons, Paul, William and Samuel, all born in Ire- 
land. William Geddes' birth occurred in 1735, and he married Miss Sarah McAllen in 1762. 
They had seven children, one of whom, Robert Geddes, whose birth occurred in 1771, was 
the maternal grandfather of our subject. He married Miss Jane Sawyer, in March, 1797, 
and the mother of our subject was one of his children. Dr. Robert G. Graydon never 
knew the tender care of a mother, and when ten days old was taken to Harrisburg, Penn. , 
by his father, and there grew to sturdy manhood. He attended the schools of that city, and 
he also attended a private academy, thus receiving a fair education for his day. In 1838, 
when nineteen years of age, he went to Hanover, N. H., and there entered Dartmouth 
College, from which institution he graduated in 1842. Returning to Harrisburg, Penn., he 
commenced the study of medicine with Dr. William W. Rutherford, and later attended the 
University of Pennsylvania, graduating from the medical department of that institution in 
1845. Again he returned to Harrisburg, but only to remain there a short time, for in 1846 
he came to Indiana and located at Indianapoh He practiced there a short time and in 
1849 started for California, overland, making the iart from Independence, Mo., together 
with a company of about fifty or sixty individuals. The party split up along the road and 
only about a dozen stuck together. They landed at Sutter's Mill after a trip of five 
months, during which time they had no trouble with Indians and no bad luck to amount to 
anything. Dr. Graydon remained in California from August, 1849, until September, 1850, 
digging for gold most of the time, and he then returned home by way of the isthmus. He 
stopped at many places on the way, and after an ocean voyage of fifty-five days reached 
New York City. From there he went to Philadelphia, thence to Harrisburg, where he 
visited friends, and then came to the Hoosier State with about $2,000 he had made in the 
Gold State. In 1852 he located in Greenwood, Johnson County, and practiced his profes- 
sion there until 1858, with the exception of six months spent in Texas, and then came to 
Soutbport, Marion County, where he has since remained and where he practiced his profes- 
sion until 1887, when he retired. He was a member of the Marion County Medical Society, 
also the State Medical Society, and was a charter member of both. In his religious views he is a 
Presbyterian and a member of the session. In the year 1886 he was elected justice of the peace 
for four years, but his successor failing to qualify, Dr. Graydon continues to serve. In politics 
he is a Republican; originally a Whig. He was not able to vote for William H. Harrison, being 
in college, and as a consequence his first presidential vote was for Henry Clay. He voted 
for John C. Fremont, then for Douglas, then MacClellan, but since then, for the most part he 
has voted the Republican ticket. In the year 1851 the Doctor was married to Miss Sarah 
C. Todd, a native of Kentucky, as was also her father, Levi L. Todd. One child was born 
to this union, but it died in infancy. Mrs. Graydon died in 1857, and the Doctor's second 
wife was Miss Eliza B. Todd, daughter of Thomas J. Todd. One child, a daughter, was 
born to this union, but died in infancy. The second wife died in August, 1867, and his 



L 



172 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

third wife's maiden name wa9 Flora A. Finch, daughter of Moses Finch, a native of New 
York. No children have been born to this union. 

L. P. Harlan. The Harlan family is one of the honored old American families mem- 
bers of which have been prominent in about every important period of our civilization. Early 
representatives of it were able lawyers and eloquent divines. The name has made itself 
honored in war and in peace, in the celebrations of the church and in the counsels of the 
nation. One of its best kuown representatives at this time is Levi P. Harlan, of Indian- 
apolis. This popular lawyer was born in Marion County, Ind., March 3, 1853, a son of 
Austin B. and Elizabeth L. (Conwell) Harlan. His father was a native of Connereville, 
Ind., and his mother of Xenia, Ohio. The latter was brought to Marion County when but 
an infant, by her pareuts, who settled on a farm which became known widely as her family 
home. Nathan Harlan, Levi P. Harlan's paternal grandfather, removed, when only about 
sixteen years of age to Connersville, Ind., from his native state, Kentucky. In 1825 he 
came to Marion County and was a well known farmer here until his death, which occurred 
in 1847. He entered a tract of land in 1827 about nine miles east of the city, which is now 
the home of the father of the immediate subject of this sketch. His father, Joshua Harlan, 
was one of the most prominent early settlers of the State and was a pioneer judge at 
Connersville. He came from Kentucky to Connersville, and with him came his son, Nathan, 
then about sixteen years old. Before the latter came to Marion County, in 1825, he had 
married, and he brought with him Austin B. Harlan (L. P. Harlan's father), then three 
months old and certainly entitled to be written down as one of the youngest pioneers here- 
about. Here he was reared and still lives, having made his home on the same place for 
sixty-six years. He began as a boy to aid in the task of clearing and cultivating the land. 
He was a pupil in the old red log school-houses of his time and availed himself to the 
utmost of such educational advantages as were afforded him, and later supplemented them 
with systematic reading until he is regarded as one of the best- informed men anywhere in 
the country. Considering his years he is exceptionally hale and hearty. He is prominent 
in all the affairs of his neighborhood, and is known the country over as a stanch and uncom- 
promising Democrat. He has been twice married and has a large family of children. The 
subject of this sketch and bis brother, Allison W. Harlan, a well known dentist of Chicago, 
are the only ones by the first marriage now living. The following by the second marriage 
are living, Isaac, Jacob, George, Harry, Clara, Adeline and Bessie. Mr. Harlan's boyhood 
days were passed on the farm and in the district school. He was early practically familiar 
with the rough work of producing from the soil the food of the people. The foundation 
of his education was primary in its character. He took up the labor of study in earnest at 
Butler University, and in June, 1873, went to Chicago and began to read law in the office of 
Wilson, Martin & Montgomery and remained there about two years. Upon his return to 
Indianapolis he was elected superintendent of the schools of Marion County and held that 
important position for ten years, until 1885. For something more than two years there- 
after he was cashier in the city and county treasurer's office. This position he was obliged 
to relinquish on account of extreme and protracted illness, and when he was sufficiently 
recovered to do so, he devoted himself to restful and recuperative travel, which was con- 
tinued about a year. On bis return he became a member of the law firm of McCullongh & 
Harlan, his partner being Senator McCullongh, which existed for three years, and since its 
termination he has been engaged alone in the practice of bis profession. He has attained a 
prominence at the bar which is but the just reward of his merits and his success. He has 
never had any political ambition to gratify, and such official preferment as has been accorded 
to him has come to him as the one conspicuous man who could most worthily assume it and 
perform its duties. In all the relations of life he has borne himself with credit, and to the 
honor and gratification of bis fellow citizens. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and is most liberal and helpful to all its interests. He was married in 1877 to Miss 
Sarah L. McVey, a talented and most estimable lady, and has five children: Horace, Ethel, 
Clara, Dayton and Loren. His suburban home is one of the most comfortable and elegant 
about Indianapolis and breathes welcome and good cheer in its every appointment. Here 
Mr. and Mrs. Harlan dispense a generous hospitality which has made the place known to 
the most solid and substantial people, and, with their children, live quietly and contentedly 
away from the noise and bustle of the city. 



. i 



r 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 173 

Cornelius W. Sullivan. Special adaptability to any particular calling in life is the 
one necessary adjunct to permanent success. No matter the vim and determination which 
characterizes a man's start in business, unless he is to the manner born, he will find to his 
sorrow that his line has been falsely cast, and the quicker he draws aside and takes up an- 
other calling, the better will it be for him. That Cornelius W. Sullivan is especially fitted 
for the calling which now occupies his attention, that of plaster contracting, cannot be 
doubted, for he has a large amount of work constantly on hand, some of which is of consider- 
able importance and demands the utmost care and attention. Although he is quite young 
he commands his fall share of work, and with reason may be accounted one of the most suc- 
cessful and extensive contractors in his line in the city. He was born on Delaware Street, 
Indianapolis, January 1, 1860, a son of Timothy and Anna (O'Donnell) Sullivan, the former 
of whom was born in the State of Kentucky, and the latter on the Isle of Erin. She was 
brought in childhood to this country, here grew to womanhood, and upon reaching a suitable 
age was united in marriage with Timothy Sullivan. This gentleman learned the trade of a 
plasterer in Louisville, Ky., and in 1856 came to Indianapolis and followed his trade with 
success for quite a number of years. He is now deceased, but his widow still survives him 
and makes her home with the subject of this sketch. In the public schools of the city of 
Indianapolis Cornelius W. received his education, and later was an attendant of St. Patrick's 
Catholic Church. Upon starting out in life for himself at the early age of eleven years he 
began laboring in a stave factory and afterward in a pork house, but when he attained the 
age of fourteen years he began learning the trade of plastering with Matthew Hart man, one 
of the old-time contractors of the city, with whom he remained until the death of Mr. Hartman. 
In 1885 he went to Cincinnati and the following year to Chicago, but shortly after returned 
to Indianapolis and again worked for Mr. Hartman until the time of his employer's death, 
which occurred August 6, 1893, then commenced contracting plastering, having purchased 
Mr. Hartman' s business, and has since been contracting for himself and has filled some very 
important and extensive contracts successfully. He has taken an active interest in politics 
for years, and in 1891 was assistant doorkeeper of the State Senate, and is now a member of 
the executive committee of the Democratic party, of which he has long been one of the most 
enthusiastic supporters. He is a member of the Builders' Exchange, and has very lately 
been elected secretary of that organization. He has always taken an active interest in labor 
organizations; was a member of the Operative Plasterers Association, of which he was presi- 
dent until his resignation, when he engaged in business with others. He is a member of the 
Operative Plasterer's International organization, of which he has been president nineteen 
months (United States and Canada), and has been secretary of the local organization and a 
member of the board of trustees. - He is a man of much intelligence, public spirited to a 
degree, and a useful and influential citizen. 

Hon. William H. Craft. The real estate agent has a function important alike to those for 
whom he sells, and to whom he sells, and if he be a man of integrity, fills an obligation to both 
classes with whom he deals. The business of more than one man has been unsettled through the 
fault of unscrupulous real estate agents and a man in this line who is really upright and honest 
and has at heart the best interests of all concerned is pretty apt in time to receive a large patron- 
age. One of the most reliable of the real estate agents of Indianapolis is William H. Craft, 
whose place of business is located at 16, Virginia Avenue. He is a member of the firm 
of W. H. Craft & Co. , real estate, insurance, loan and rental agents, his two sons, Harlan and 
Ernest, being associated in business with him. The character of the gentlemen composing 
this firm is alone sufficient to commend it to the public favor and they are unhesitatingly 
acknowledged to be gentlemen of superior business qualifications. The head of the firm, 
William H. Craft, was born in Belmont County, Ohio, September 6, 1833 and in the common 
schools of that section he received the advantages of a thoroughly practical English education. 
At the age of thirteen he was apprenticed to learn the printing business and served three 
years as a compositor, at the end of which time he entered Neff Academy, a well conducted 
institution of learning, and there continued to pursue his studies for one year. He next 
served a three year's apprenticeship at the watch-maker and Jeweler's business and first came 
to Indianapolis in November, 1854. In 1860 he commenced business for himself in the Odd 
Fellows' Hall, but when the great Civil War came up he cast aside personal considerations and 



174 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

enlisted in the service of his country. At the close of hostilities he resumed the jewelry 
business which had been interrupted by the war, and established himself at 24, East 
Washington Street. In April, 1886, Mr. Craft then sold out and quit the jewelry business 
and turned his attention to other avenues of labor. He has been twice married and has had 
born to him eight children, six of whom are living. In 1865 he was elected to the office of 
City Treasurer and to the City Council in 1870, to which office he succeeded himself in 1872 
and 1874. He has served as a member of the State Legislature, being a representative from 
Marion County to the House of Representatives, during which session the Bill for the erec- 
tion of the New State House was passed, in 1877. Mr. Craft has a wide acquaintance and 
has long been familiarly known as Harry Craft, many of the old settlers knowing him only 
by this cognomen. 

George W. Miller is successfully engaged in the manufacture of carriages, wagons, etc., 
and has been established in this line of work since 1870 and has continued the same ever since. 
At the present time the principle manufactures which he turns out are delivery wagons, and 
he is also extensively engaged in a general repair work. He owes his nativity to Wayne 
County, Ind., where he was born June 14, 1827, to Isaac and Mary (Witter) Miller, natives 
of the Keystone State. The father was reared in Virginia, however, but in 1826 removed to 
Wayne County, Ind., where he purchased a farm and resided on and tilled the same until 
his death, which occurred in 1862, his widow surviving him two years. George W. Miller 
spent his boyhood and early manhood on the old home farm in Indiana and like the 
majority of the farmers' boys of his day his education was limited to the common schools, 
but he improved his opportunities and made fair progress in his studies. At the age of 
twenty-one he began learning the carriage- maker's trade at Cambridge City, where he also 
later engaged in business for himself. Upon leaving that place he went to Dublin, Ind. , 
where he engaged in the manufacture of carriages, and during Pierce's administration acted 
in the capacity of postmaster of that place. When the war opened he enlisted in Company 
C, Eighty- fourth Indiana Volunteer Infantry (August 8, 1862), and served until the close, 
receiving his discharge at Indianapolis, June 28, 1865, and being mustered out as corporal 
of his company. He is a member of the G. A. R., and since 1851 has been a member of the 
I. O. O. F., Meridian Lodge, No. 480, in which order he has passed all the chairs. He was 
married in 1854 to Miss Sarah E. Barrett, a native of Henry County, Ind., and a daughter 
of Aquilla and Elizabeth ( Mel let t) Barrett. To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Miller two 
children have been given, William B. and Mary L., both of whom are deceased. Mary 
became the wife of Edward Dickinson. Mr. and Mrs. Miller have long been in communion 
with the Methodist Episcopal Church and are among its most active workers. Mr. Miller 
is one of its trustees and is a man whose character as a business man is above reproach. He 
is kind and considerate in his family, a faithful friend, an accommodating neighbor and an 
upright, law abiding citizen, an honor to his family and to the State which gave him birth 
in which all his life has been spent. 

Dr. Charles Almer Barnes. The State of Vermont is always suggestive of the honest, 
hard and rugged characters in human life. It presents to the mind pictures of the bold 
Green Mountain boys and brave Ethan Allen before the gates of Ticonderoga. It was peo- 
ple like those who won their independence from the British king and erected the basis of 
this great American nation. It is their descendants who have come out in the West and 
formed the nucleus of a great territory and a great people. Charles Aimer Barnes, of 
Southport, Ind., came of this stock. He was born in Ferrisburg, Addison County, Vt., 
October 11, 1836, to the union of Jesse G. and Mary (Barron) Barnes, the former a native 
of Vermont and the latter of Canada. Mrs. Barnes' father, Maj. Barron, was an officer in 
the English army during the War of 1812. The father of our subject was justice of the 
peace in Wbite County, Ind., many years, and was a man highly esteemed by all favored 
with his acquaintance. His death occurred in 1863 and the mother died in 1884. He had 
been married twice, first to a Miss Alvord who bore him three children, Alfonso, William and 
Richard H., all deceased. To the second union nine children were born, Cyrus B., de- 
ceased; Jesse G., James E., D. F., Charles A., subject; Sarah J., wife of George W. 
Glover; Richard H. ; George W. and Mary E., who married William Saylor. Our sub- 
ject was only four years of age when his parents left Vermont and made their way to 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 175 

St. Lawrence County, N. Y. There young Barnes remained for five years, attending school 
for a short time, and then moved with his parents to Huron County, Ohio, where they 
resided for two years. From there they moved to Indiana, locating near Monticello,, White 
County, and there our subject remained until 1857, attending 8v\ool and receiving most 
of his educational training. In the spring of that year, while young Barnes was read- 
ing medicine in the office of Dr. H. P. Anderson, the struggle began in Kansas and he 
left his studies and went to that Territory. This was after the repeal of the Missouri 
compromise bill. Later Mr. Barnes entered the army at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., as 
civilian employe, and served as courier. He was also in the quartermaster department, 
was with the ammunition train at the battle of Bull Bun, and with the ambulance on 
the field at the battle of An tie tarn. On account of ill health, after eighteen months of 
service, he was discharged and returned to Monticello, Ind., where he finished his med- 
ical studies. He had four brothers in the service, as follows: James, who served in the 
western army for three years; Richard H. was in the western army for three years; 
George W. enlisted in 1864 and served until cessation of hostilities, and D. F. , who was 
a Methodist minister, served in the sanitary commission. Our subject graduated from Rush 
Medical College, Chicago, in 1870, and then began practicing at Goodland, Newton County, 
Ind. Previous to this, however, and previous to graduating, be had practiced his profession 
for six years at Monon, Ind. In 1877 he went to Brightwood, Ind., and there remained until 
1887 when he came to Southport, Ind. , and here he has since practiced his profession. He is 
a member of the Marion County and the State Medical Societies and for some time was a mem- 
ber of the Newton County and White County Medical Societies. He was a delegate to the 
American Medical Association from White Couuty, Ind., that met at Cincinnati. The Doc- 
tor was a Republican, but of late years has been voting the Prohibition ticket. Socially he 
is a member of the Masonic Fraternity, Southport Lodge, No. 270, in which he has held the 
office of Worthy Master, and he was master of the lodge in Newton County, Ind. In his 
religious views he is a Presbyterian, but is of Quaker descent. In the year 1865 be was 
married to Miss Henrietta Tharp, daughter of Amariah Tharp, of Jasper County. Ind., and 
four children were born to them, of whom only two are now living. Dr. Arthur L. married 
Miss Mary E. Glenn, daughter of A. J. Glenn, and Charles Albert Barnes. The Doctor has 
been more than ordinarily successful in the practice of his profession, and is an excellent 
and reliable all-around physician, of which fact the public is thoroughly aware. 

Caul L. Barnes, M. D. Although a young man Dr. Carl L. Barnes bids fair to become 
a model physician. His cheerful confidence in the sick chamber is often as potent as his 
medicines, and he has been and still is a student iu his profession, ever grasping after new 
truths in science. He keeps himself thoroughly posted in his profession, his diagnoses being 
almost instantaneous and very rarely incorrect. He is a young man of great steadfastness of 
purpose, and seldom fails to accomplish what he undertakes, while his tenderness and com- 
passion, kindness and consideration in the sick room, cannot fail to be recognized and appre- 
ciated. He was born in Connellsville, Penn., May 18, 1870, a son of Zepheniah E. and 
Elizabeth (Dawson) Barnes, who were also born in the Keystone State. The Barnes family 
was well-known in Pennsylvania, and in that State the father became widely known as an 
extensive stockdealer. One of his uncles was United States senator from that State, pos- 
sessed a fine intellect and as a congressman made a name for himself. The paternal 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch was the well-known orator of Philadelphia — A. S. 
Barnes. The maternal ancestors of the subject were of German Quaker origin, and the 
history of this family may be traced back many years. In the town of Connellsville Dr. 
Carl L. Barnes was roared, and his education was acquired in the public schools and an 
academy of Connellsville, and after graduating from the latter he turned his attention to the 
study of medicine and shortly after came to Indianapolis and entered the Medical College 
of Indiana where he pursued his researches successfully and thoroughly until March 20, 1892, 
when he graduated. Dr. Barnes has made a special study of surgery and for the purpose of 
perfecting himself in this branch of his profession he has visited the principal hospitals of the 
city of New York at different times. His practice is confined almost exclusively to surgery 
and office practice, and he has already built up a patronage of which the oldest medical 
practitioners of the country need not be ashamed. He has given much time and study to 



176 



MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 



the process of embalming, and was the originator and one of the incorporators of the 
Embalming College of Indiana, of which institution he is president and one of the demon- 
strators. This college was incorporated February 24, 1893, being the second one of the 
kind to be incorporated in the United States. The Doctor filled the chair of anatomy and 
minor surgery in the Eclectic College of Physicians and Surgeons the past two years and 
has been given an honorary degree from that institution. Dr. Barnes is a most generous- 
hearted man, full of the milk of human kindness, a close student, a hard worker, and with- 
out doubt one of the most promising young physicians of the State. He is a correspondent 
of The Casket and Western Undertaker, two leading journals pertaining to the undertaking 
business, the former periodical having a circulation extending all over the globe. He has 
written articles on embalming, which have been widely published and circulated and have 
given him a wide reputation for an extensive knowledge of such subjects. He has always 
been a Republican in politics and socially belongs to the Masonic order and the Marion club. 

J. C. McNutt. This well known young lawyer and popular public speaker, who 
occupies the responsible and honorable position of State Law Librarian of Indiana, was 
born in Johnson County, May 25, 1863, a son of Jam'es and Cynthia J. (Hunt) McNutt, 
also natives of that county. His paternal grandfather, John McNutt, was a pioneer in 
Johnson County, and one of his sons, an uncle of J. C. McNutt, is Judge Cyrus F. 
McNutt of Terre Haute. His great-grandfather, Hensley, was the first settler in what is 
now Hensley Township, Johnson County, which was named in his honor. The old McNutts 
and Hensleys did patriot service in defence of liberty of the colonies during the Revolu- 
tionary War and were men of the sturdiest character and the most solid worth. James 
McNutt was a prominent farmer. His life was busy and successful, thoroughly devoted to 
his family, and he died in August, 1867, leaving four children of whom the immediate sub- 
ject of this sketch, then a little more than four years old, was next to the eldest. 
He lived the life of a farmer boy of all work, attending school during the winter months, 
until he was seventeen years old, when he engaged in teaching school and studying law. 
Four years later he was admitted to the bar and within twelve months thereafter, in 1885, 
he began the practice of his profession at Franklin, Iud., where he continued it with in- 
creasing success until March 1, 1893, when he was appointed by the Supreme Court State 
law librarian. In 1888 Mr. McNutt was elected prosecuting attorney from the sixteenth 
district, consisting of Johnson and Shelby Counties. He was re-elected in 1890, and his 
second term expired in November, 1892. In this position he most clearly and ably demon- 
strated his superior qualifications for criminal and other important practice. His cases were 
always prepared with the utmost care, his presentation of them was masterly and his 
forensic efforts were of such a character as to mark him as one of the conspicuous natural 
orators in the State. He is extremely popular at the bar, but no more so than so- 
cially. He has been, since he was twenty-one, a member of the I. O. O. F. He is 
identified with other prominent organizations and as a citizen is liberal and public 
spirited, having a real desire to see the advancement of the whole people along the lines of 
morality, enlightenment and civil and religious liberty. He was married in July, 1886, to Miss 
Ruth Neely, and has a son, Paul, born in 1891. Mrs. McNutt is a member of the Method 
ist Episcopal Church, of whose leading interest Mr. McNutt is a generous and helpful 
supporter. 

Frederick Ballweg. The career of the gentleman whose name heads this sketch is but 
another evidence of what can be accomplished by those of foreign birth who seek a home and 
fortune on the free soil of America. He possesses the push, energy and enterprise for which 
his countrymen are noted, and as a natural consequence he has been successful in the accu- 
mulation of means, and has won a reputation for honesty and fair dealing that is in every 
respect justly merited. He was born in Huntheim, a little village of about 120 inhab- 
itants, in Baden, Germany, March 20, 1825, to the marriage of Sebastian aud Marianna 
(Schussler) Ballweg, both natives of the old country. The father was a cabinet maker and 
was the owner of twenty acres of land. He passed his entire life in Germany, dying there 
in 1866, when seventy-five years of age. Five children were born to his marriage, as follows: 
Generosa, Cornelia (married Joseph Ballweg, and is now deceased), Frederick (our subject), 
Joseph (deceased) and Ambrose (who died September 9, 1881, in Indianapolis). During 



J 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 177 

the Rebellion the latter was in command of the arsenal at Indianapolis with the rank of 
captain. He married Miss Amelia Engelman. They left four living children, Cornelia, 
Alfret, Charles and Emma. Cornelia and Alfret are married. The mother of our subject 
died in 1866. Frederick Ballweg attended school from the age of six to fourteen, and then 
spent five years in learning the cabinet maker's trade. He then left home and went to Paris 
and Toulon, also other places in France, and worked at his trade until twenty- four years of 
age, when, on April 1, 1850, he sailed from Havre de Grace, France, to America. On June 
7 of that year he landed in New York city and at once went to Rahway, N. J., where he 
began working at his trade the next day after his arrival. For two years he was thus engaged 
and during that time learned to speak English and saved some money. The first year he 
received $7 per month and his board, but the second year he made from $10 to $12 per week. 
In the spring of 1852 he went to New York city and worked at his trade there for a year. He 
then came direct to Indianapolis, arriving September 17, 1853, and he at once went to work 
for John Ott; one of the first cabinet makers in the city. Mr. Ballweg worked for him for 
about five years and then embarked in the lumber business in that city. This he carried on 
successfully for about fifteen years, and then in 1878 he bought eighty acres of land in Perry 
Township, Marion County, for $75 per acre. He at once erected a handsome two-story 
frame house and in this he resides at the present time. Of the eighty acres fourteen acres are 
in timber. He is wide-awake and progressive and one of the best agriculturists of the 
county. A Bepublican in politics Mr. Ballweg cast his first presidential vote for John C. 
Fremont and has never since failed to vote for the Republican candidate. He was born and 
baptized a Catholic, which religion his people professed, but Mr. Ballweg himself is not a 
member of any church but is in favor of anything that tends to morality and good govern- 
ment. Formerly our subject was a member of the I. O. O. F. He was married January 1, 
1854, in Indianapolis, to Miss Elise Stanger, daughter of Gustav Stanger, and the ceremony 
was performed by Squire Sullivan. Twelve children have been the result of this union: 
William, born September 29, 1855, died April 2, 1856; Frederick W., born February 4, 
1857; Annie M., born January 22, 1859; Louis G., born March 15, 1861, and died May 29, 
1869; Franklin A., born May 15, 1863, and died June 4, 1864; Lena E., born June 11, 
1865, died September 22, 1892; Clara M., born December 22, 1867; Lilly, born February 
22, 1870, died the same day; Louis E., born April 7, 1871; Bertha A., born April 22, 1873; 
Robert M. , born September 20, 1875; and Otto, born December 15, 1878, died January 9, 1879. 
Very Rev. Anthony Scheideler, V. G. The able and distinguised pastor of St. Mary's 
Church, at Indianapolis, Ind. , Very Rev. Anthony Scheideler, V. G., was born in Borgholz, 
Westphalia, Germany, May 23, 1836, a son of Anthony and Anna Mary (Crote) Scheideler, 
both of whom spent their lives in the old country. The father was a man of intelligence 
and his artistic tastes and inclinations led him to follow the calling of an architect. He 
served in the army, was later appointed a public official — receiver of taxes; and of a family of 
seven children, born to himself and wife, four are now living; William, of Hoboken, N. Y. ; 
Mary Frizenhousen, a resident of Auenhousen, Westphalia; Wilhelmina, who resides with 
her brother, Very Rev. Anthony Scheideler, for whom she keeps house, the latter being 
the subject of this sketch. When not occupied with his studies, Anthony Scheideler fol- 
lowed various occupations under the direction of his intelligent father, who wisely taught 
his son that to labor was honorable, and also instilled into his youthful mind lessons of hon- 
esty, thrift and frugality. At the age of fourteen he began to study for the priesthood in 
a fine educational institution of his native land, at Paderborn, Westphalia, where he suc- 
cessfully continued his Latin studies for three years. In 1854 he sailed to America, landing 
at New York city on May 20, and until 1858 continued his studies at St. Vincent, Penn., 
after which he came direct to Vincennes, Ind., and was here ordained a priest of the 
Catholic Church on October 21, 1860, just nine days before the election of Abraham Lin- 
coln to the presidency, by Right Rev. Bishop Morris De St. Palais, and soon after was 
appointed pastor of St. Joseph's Church, Dearborn County, Ind., on November 28, I860, 
where he continued to reside until July 28, 1874, when he came to Indianapolis and has 
since been pastor of St. Mary's Church. He has been Vicar-General of the Diocese of Vin- 
cennes, Ind., since September 6, 1878, to which he was appointed by Right Rev. Bishop 
Francis Silas Chatard, D. D. Father Scheideler has shown great energy in discharging 

12 



178 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

his pastoral duties, and since his residence in Indianapolis he has made a great many im- 
provements and has caused to be erected a chapel and vault in the cemetery. His church 
has been beautifully decorated, he has built a fine school-house and a handsome hall for the 
meeting of societies, and by unwearied and earnest efforts he has increased the member- 
ship of his church to about 2,000. At the time of his location in Indianapolis, in 1874, 
he was the only German-speaking pastor in the city and as a consequence his church was 
largely patronized by those of his nativity. His genial disposition makes him a general 
favorite and he is one of the most charitable and kind-hearted of men, sincere in his 
friendships and devotedly attached to the church with which he is connected. He never 
forgets a kindness and never stoops to resent an injury. He is rich in the love of his people 
and of him it may be said: " Well done, thou good and faithful servant." 

John Ba«ger Dobyns is a native Virginian, born near Christiansburg, Montgomery 
County, January 8, 1819, and he there remained until fifteen years of age, receiving his educa- 
tion in the early schools of those days. He attended the school at Taylor's Springs, almost 
on the summit of the Alleghany mountains. This house was in the country, built of logs 
with rails for seats and greased paper for window lights, puncheon floor, clapboard door with 
wooden latch, and other rude furniture of pioneer days. This was a subscription school and 
only lasted about three months. When fifteen years of age our subject left his native State 
with his parents, Dangeriield and Eva (Barger) Dobyns, and came by wagon to Indiana, 
landing at Flat Rock, in Shelby County, one month after starting. This was on November 
9, 1834. The next summer the father sent our subject to Indianapolis to enter some land, 
provided he could find any that was not taken. He started on foot for that city with a $50 
bill in his jacket and on arriving entered forty acres at $1.25 in White River Township, John- 
son County. He also discovered 160 acres more of desirable land not yet entered. Return- 
ing home he told his father who at once started for Indianapolis on foot, although seventy- 
four years of age. He walked within thirteen miles of Indianapolis and there met with a 
neighbor who carried him to the city. He there entered 160 acres more land in Johnson 
County and returned home on foot, wading Blue River and Sugar Creek. Arriving home he 
was attacked next day with fever and chills, then so prevalent, and so violent was the attack 
that he died on the third day. He was born in the Shenandoah Valley, Vs., in 1760, and 
died in 1834, the same year that he came to Indiana. He was a school teacher by profession 
and among his pupils was Ballard Preston, afterward a general in the Confederate service, 
and John Floyd, who was in command of the Confederate forces at Fort Donelson. Mr. 
Dobyns married Miss Eve Barger, daughter of Philip Barger, and children were given them 
nine of whom reached mature years, as follows: William A., deceased; Samuel, deceased; 
Mahala, deceased; Thomas; Margaret, deceased; Henry M., deceased; Katherine, widow of 
Marvin Adams, resides in Spencer County, Ind. ; John B., our subject; Kennerley, deceased, 
and Christian, deceased. The mother of these children died at the advanced age of ninety- 
three years. Both parents were worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal Church nearly 
all their lives and were highly respected in the community in which they lived. Thomas 
Dobyns, grandfather of the above mentioned children, was a native of the Old Dominion and 
there passed his entire life. This family was an old and prominent Virginia family. During 
his father's last illness our subject was also taken sick and was in bed far about ten days. 
When not fully recovered he started for Hamilton County, Ohio, on horseback, to see his 
elder brother, Thomas, and get his advice and assistance in closing up the affairs of the 
father. He traveled every day until his chills came on, and then stopped until the fever 
came on, and in this way finally arrived at his destination. Reaching that place he decided 
to stay there, and commenced hauling wood to the river for $10.25 a month. There he 
remained until the next spring and then he returned to Indiana, where he helped his mother 
with the crops. Later he returned to Hamilton County, Ohio, and in January, 1836, 
apprenticed himself to Philip A. Hill for three years to learn the carpenter's trade. During 
his apprenticeship his master sent him to school three months, and at the end of his time 
presented him with $50. He began working at his trade and on October 7, 1840, he was 
married to Miss Elizabeth Gaston, now deceased. The next spring he came to Indiana and 
built a log house on the forty acres he had entered four years previously. There they lived 
four years and then our subject bought 100 acres near this, moved on it, and there made his 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 1?9 

home for two years. He then sold out and bought 160 acres in the same township. He 
moved on this and later bought forty acres adjoining, and made his home here until 1868, 
when he moved to Southport, Marion County, for the purpose of educating his children. He 
sold his Johnson County farm for $10,000 and bought a farm in Perry Township, Marion 
County, of 120 acres on which he built a brick house. There he lived for about eight years 
and then moved to Hendricks County, Ind. , where he had purchased 208 acres on which 
were seven magnetic medicated springs, which have a great reputation for their wonderful 
healing qualities. On this farm our subject lived for ten years. Then a stock company was 
organized and this company bought the springs and made it a place of resort for invalids. 
Our subject is one of the board of directors. The wonderful curative properties of these 
waters have long been known, and countless testimonials of those who have been benefited 
by their use can be found on demand. The water is absolutely free from organic matter. 
No stifling odors or unpleasant taste, but delightfully cool, pleasant and refreshing. Our 
subject left there in April, 1801, and came to Southport, Ind., where he has since lived in a 
handsome house which he owns. He has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
since 1839 and has served as class leader and steward. While residing in Ohio Mr. Dobyns 
was second lieutenant of the Ohio militia. He is a Republican in politics although his first 
presidential vote was cast for Martin Van Buren. His next vote was for Polk and Dallas. 
Later he voted for John C. Fremont, then for Abraham Lincoln and since that time he has 
preserved the glorious record of his Republicanism. To his marriage were born eleven chil- 
dren, two of whom, Mary E. and Alice, died in infancy. The others were named as follows: 
Missouri C, widow of Robert T. Groves; Mary E., wife of Dr. A. Morgan, of Indianapolis, 
is the mother of two children, Walter A. and Jerome; Dr. K. P., married Alice Crow; Emma, 
died unmarried; Thursey, married Mr. Wooley; Olive, died unmarried; John Elsworth, 
unmarried; Phoebe A., deceased, was the wife of J. S. Michael, who was all through the war 
and is now deceased, and Anna B., who married Edward White and they have one son, 
Everett. 

William M. Wright, M. D. More thau ordinarily successful among Indianapolis' 
younger physicians, is Dr. William M. Wright, if the length of time during which he has 
practiced his profession and the difficulties he overcame in preparing for it are taken into 
consideration, as they undoubtedly should be. Dr. Wright was born at Bridgeport, Marion 
County, Ind., March 7, 1863, a son of Peter M. and Martha A. (McCloskey) Wright. Peter 
M Wright was born in Decatur township, Marion County, November 24, 1826. His par- 
ents, Edward and Jemimah (McVey) Wright, located in that township in December, 1825, 
having lived for a year previous to that time at Flat Rock, Ind. Edward Wright was a 
native of Maryland, but left the eastern shore of that State when a mere lad. He was a res- 
ident of Marion County for several years and owned a farm in Decatur Township. He died 
at Miller' 8 Point, Ky., in 1844. His widow, Jemimah (McVey) Wright, makes her home 
with her son, Peter M. Wright, in Indianapolis. She has attained to the advanced age of 
ninety-three years and is one of only a very few pioneers of 1825 in Marion County, who are 
still living. Peter M. Wright was reared on a farm in Marion County, going to school in 
the winter months and assisting about the farm work during the balance of the year. He 
became a successful farmer and for many years lived in his native township. In 1801 he 
sold his farm and removed to Indianapolis, where he lives a quiet, retired life. During his 
residence in this county, Mr. Wright has held some official positions of importance, having 
been for six years superintendent of the Marion County asylum and for two years janitor of 
the court-house. He was married January 4, 1857, to Martha A. McCloskey, a native of Ohio 
and a daughter of Alexander and Christina (Blatchford) McCloskey, the first mentioned of 
whom died while Mrs. Wright was a child. Peter M. and Martha A. (McCloskey) Wright 
had four children: (Dr.) William M., James K., Lewis G. and Ida B. Peter M. Wright 
is a Mason and he and his family are identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 
politics he is a Republican. Dr. William M. Wright was a member of his father's house- 
hold until he was eighteen years old, working on the farm during the spring, summer and 
fall and attending the common school during the winter. In 1881 he became a student at 
the Indianapolis High School, and subsequently he took a three years' course at the Butler 
University. The succeeding three years he passed as clerk in a drug store and in the study 



180 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

of medicine during his spare time, for two years of this time acting as prescription clerk for 
the county asylum. It does not detract at all from the credit that is due him to state that 
he was obliged thus to earn money to complete his medical education, and on the contrary, 
the fact that he did so speaks eloquently for his determination and his sturdy manhood. 
Entering the Medical College of Indiana, at Indianapolis, in the fall of 1887, he was gradu- 
ated therefrom with the degree of M. D. in 1890. While a junior in the college, he was, on 
account of his knowledge of pharmacy, appointed prescription clerk in the city hospital and 
in the quarantine hospital, which work he managed to do in well arranged intervals in study. 
At the time of his graduation, he entered a competitive examination for appointment as 
interne to the city hospital, and his standing was the highest of seven who entered the com- 
petition, and as a consequence he was appointed to and held the position mentioned for a year. 
He was also for a like period senior house physician to the city hospital, and at the expiration 
of his term of appointment entered upon a general medical practice which has been successful 
and has grown from year to year ever since until it is one of importance and quite remuner- 
ative. In 1890, he was made prosecutor of anatomy in the Medical College of Indiana, and, 
in 1891, demonstrator of anatomy, which chair he still holds. He is a member of the Marion 
County Medical Society and of the Indiana State Medical Society, and is medical director of 
the Indiana militia and a member of the consultation staff of the city dispensary. For sev- 
eral years he has been a member of the drill team of the Indianapolis Light Infantry. He 
is a Scottish Rite Mason and has been advanced to the eighteenth degree. In politics he is 
a Republican. 

Ephraim Boring. Characteristic of the American is the ability to change the line of his 
business and achieve success in what he undertakes. Of the old adage "a rolling stone gath- 
ers no moss" the reverse may often be said to be true if accompanied by the true spirit. For- 
tunate is he who can — when times are troublous and circumstances hard — keep his eye fixed 
on the goal, and forge ahead to grasp success as a reward for his striving. A gentleman who 
possesses much business ability is Ephraim Boring, a plastering contractor of Indianapolis, 
who has followed this calling since 1864, and has met with marked success in this line of 
human endeavor, and has won a reputation for ability and thoroughness which is unsurpassed. 
He was born in Carroll County, Md., thirty miles northwest of Baltimore on a farm belong- 
ing to his father in 1836, being the youngest of eight children born to Isaac and Elizabeth 
(Cole) Boring, who were also born in Maryland. The father was a farmer of prominence, 
and by his good management and much energy he accumulated a goodly property, but he 
unfortunately died when just in the prime of life, when the subject of this sketch was about 
six years of age, but his widow lived to be about seventy -three years of age. Several members 
of the Boring family were soldiers in the War of 1812, and all the family were noted for their 
patriotism and loyalty. In his native county, iu Maryland, Ephraim Boring received his 
initiatory education, and while still a mere youth he began learning the plasterer's trade, 
and has followed that occupation ever since — a period of forty years. After finishing his 
trade in Baltimore he did more or less contracting for some time, and about one year after 
his arrival in Indianapolis, in 1863, he started in business for himself, being associated with 
Cassius Cornelius for thirteen years, and was then by himself for the balance of the time 
until admitting his sons, Edward E. and Ephraim, to a partnership, both of whom are prac- 
tical plasterers, having learned all the details of the business from their father, who proved 
a wise and able instructor* Mr. Boring is a member of the Builders and Traders' Exchange, 
and has been since its organization, having been a director in the same for two years. During 
the great Civil War of this country he offered his services to the Union, but for good reasons, 
but by no means to Mr. Boring's detriment, he was not accepted. Politically he has always 
been a Republican. In 1859 he was married to Miss Mary Wolf, of Maryland, by whom he 
became the father of three sons and five daughters, two daughters being now dead. Socially 
Mr. Boring is a member of the Chosen Friends, and as a citizen is loyal, public spirited and 
law abiding. 

William A. Scott & Sons. This well known firm of contractors and builders have 
won a reputation for thoroughness and honorable and upright dealing which is not surpassed 
by any other like firm in the city of Indianapolis, and they therefore have a trade that keeps 
them constantly employed and nets them a satisfactory sum annually. William A. Scott, 




t&ac^CgJ^p 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 181 

was born in Pennsylvania, August 30, 1830, a son of Robert Scott, a pioneer of Greene 
County, Ind., who moved to the wilds of Eel River in 1839 and with the help of his son 
Willaim and the other members of the family he succeeded in clearing a good sized farm. 
William A. was educated in the schools of Greene County and upon reaching manhood 
learned the carpenter's trade and aided in the building of the town of Worthington, in which 
place he made his home until coming to Indianapolis in 1882. He at first followed his 
calling by himself, then he and his son, Samuel R. , formed a partnership, and later two 
other sons, George A. and W. P. , entered the firm, and they took the name of William A. 
Scott & Sons. Since that time they have built a planing-mill and have made a specialty of 
of the manufacture of screens, of which they are the most extensive manufacturers in the 
city and probably in the State. While a resident of Worthington, Mr. Scott took an active 
part in politics and served several yeirs as township assessor, and also held other positions 
of trust. Of late years he has been identified with the Prohibition party, and as he believes 
in practicing what he advocates, he is a total abstainer. During the great Civil War, 
although not an active participant in the service of his country, on the field of battle, he 
was none the less actively employed at home and through his influence indnoed many others 
to enlist who would not otherwise have done so. For his companion through life he chose 
Miss Nancy McLarren, of Greene County, and to their marriage a family of three sons and 
three daughters have been given, all of whom (except one daughter who died at the age of 
three months and twenty-two days) are intelligent and promising, and a credit to their 
parents. For many years Mr. Scott has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and socially has been a member of the I. O. O. F., in which he has attained to the encampment. 
He and his sons control a liberal and profitable business, built up by their own energy and 
careful attention to the higher lines of their indispensable business. Their reputation is a 
sufficient guarantee of their honorable past record and they have made many friends among 
the business men of the city. 

Mr. George A. Bceckling was born in Michigan City, Ind., February 2, 1862, and is the 
son of Anton and Elizabeth (Smith) Boeckling, both of whom were born in Germany and 
came to America in the fifties when they located at Michigan City Ind. , where Anton Boeck- 
ling in order to provide his family with the necessary means of sustenance followed the 
occupation of a cooper. At the present time he resides in Indianapolis retired from the act- 
ive duties of life. George A. Boeckling was reared in the place where he was born and 
after attending the public schools for a time entered St. Ambrose Academy, in which in- 
stitution he finished his literary education. Immediately after this he became a clerk in a 
grocery store, then a traveling salesmen, a business which he followed for several years 
traveling through all the larger cities of the Union and Canada, after which he decided to 
embark in business for himself and engaged in the wholesale lumber business, locating in 
Indianapolis in the early part of 1890. Mr. Boeckling. is one of those enterprising and 
wide awake business men who believes in having more than one string to his bow. He is a 
most honorable, prudent and successful business man, and during the time he has been actively 
identified with the business in this city he has become connected with several large and flour- 
ishing companies. Being the president and executive officer of the following: The Berk- 
shire Investment Company, the G. A. Boeckling Company, Marion Investment Company, 
Keystone Land & Improvement Company, Albany Land Company, and Kramer Bros. & 
Boeckling Company. Entering the field actively some years ago, upon wise investments, 
untiring labor and tact he has forged his way to the head of the successful business men 
in the State of Indiana, and his council in matters of public improvement is sought as 
being very valuable. Mr. Boeckling has done much to build up this city having erected 
in the past three years over 400 houses and sold them on the monthly payment plan, of 
which he is the originator, and in this manner he has done untold good in inducing citi- 
zens to save their means and become property holders. Whilst Mr. Boeckling is a very 
busy man he is easy to approach, and to make his acquaintance is to be captivated with 
bis capable, practical, honest methods of business and those interested regarding lots 'for 
dwellings or sites for factories etc., should call at his office, where all details are cheer- 
fully furnished. 



L 



182 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Dr. Frederic Carroll Heath of Indianapolis is a native of Maine and was born in 
the old town of Gardiner, January 19, 1857. His grandfather, Asa Heath, was a physician 
of local prominence and his father, who was editor and publisher of the Gardiner Home 
Journal, lost his life at the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., in December, 1862. Dr. Heath 
prepared for college in the public schools of Gardiner and was graduated at Amherst 
College, Mass., in 1878, leading his class in Greek and winning the first prize for the 
best oral and written examinations on all the work of the sophomore and junior years in 
that study. He was also appointed to the P. B. K. Society for high general rank at the end 
of the junior year. After teaching school a few years he began the study of medicine 
tinder Dr. A. Sawyer, of Gardiner, and graduated in 1884 at Bowdoin College (medical 
department) at the head of his class, delivering the valedictory address, which was published 
in full or in part in many of the leading journals of the State. In October, 1884, he was 
appointed steward and in January, 1885, acting assistant surgeon in the United States Marine 
Hospital service and stationed at Portland, Me. In April, 1886, he passed first among a 
large class before the examining board of Marine Hospital Surgeons at Washington and 
was made an assistant surgeon, serving nearly four years at Chicago, Mobile, Buffalo, Cleve- 
land and Detroit, and then resigning to enter upon the practice of his specialty (eye and ear) 
to which he had devoted considerable attention while in the Marine Hospital service. After 
a long course of study in the eye and ear hospitals and dispensaries of New York, which he 
supplemented with much instructive clinical work, he settled at Lafayette, Ind., where he 
was soon appointed oculist and aurist to St. Elizabeth's Hospital and St. Joseph's Orphan 
Asylum. December 20, 1889, he was married to Mary M. Anderson, daughter of T. H. 
Anderson, of Rockville, Ind., and moved to Indianapolis in October, 1891, but from Novem- 
ber, 1891, to May, 1892, was out of the city on account of the sickness and death of his wife 
from consumption. Since his return he has been gradually acquiring an increasing 
amount of the confidence and support of the profession and public, and has been appointed 
eye and ear surgeon to two dispensaries. He is an active worker in medical and literary 
societies, and is now, or has been connected with the following named associations : Alex- 
andria and Hitchcock Society of Inquiry at Amherst (president of latter), Gardiner Debat- 
ing Club, East Machias Literary Club, Detroit Academy of Medicine (vice-president), 
American Academy of Medicine, Tippecanoe County Medical Society, Parlor Club of La 
Fayette, Marion County Medical Society, Indianapolis Young Men's Christian Association 
Literary Club, Mitchell District Medical Society, Delaware District Medical Society (honor- 
ary), and the American Medical Association (sections in ophthalmology and otology). Among 
his papers are the following: "Report of a Case of Aneurysm of the Pulmonary Artery,' ' 
"T wo Interesting Cases of Enteric Fever," "Heart Tonics/' "The Physician's First Indi- 
cation," "Medical Harmony," "Oliver Wendell Holmes," " Nasal Reflexes," "The Patho- 
geny of Sympathetic Ophthalmia," "The Eye in Relation to General Disease," "Benefits and 
Evils of Glases," "Practical Suggestions to the General Practitioner in Ear Troubles," "A 
Case of Gonorrheal Ophthalmia," "Report of a Case Symblepharon with Successful Opera- 
tion," "Steel in the Iris Twenty-seven years, etc., etc. 

Robert Denny. There are many lawyers in Indianapolis but there are very few lawyers 
left who were members of the bar of Marion County a quarter of a century ago. One such 
is the old and highly respected gentleman whose name appears above. The American fam- 
ily of Denny is of English and Scotch-Irish descent, and Robert's ancestors were at first resi- 
dents of Pennsylvania. The branch of the family from which he descended is traceable from 
Pennsylvania to Virginia, from Virginia to Kentucky, and thence into Indiana. His grand- 
father, also named Robert Denny, was a farmer and a blacksmith. He lived in Virginia, 
but about the year 1790 went with his young family to Kentucky where he was a pioneer. 
Two of his sons and a son-in-law were soldiers in the War of 1812-14. Eventually he came 
to Washington County, Ind., and there died. Elisha Denny, father of Robert Denny, of In- 
dianapolis, was during his earlier active life a tanner and a stone-mason, but the latter half 
of his years he devoted to farming. He was born in Frederick County, Va., and' was about 
six years old when the family removed to Kentucky, In 1810 he married Miss Polly Hedger 
(a most worthy Christian lady of Scotch-English descent), and the same year came on horse- 
back to Washington County, Ind., and after selecting the beautiful and fertile tract of land 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 183 

which he afterward purchased from the Government, returned to Kentucky. In the autumn 
of 1811 he again came to his intended Indiana home, cleared a small patch in the dense 
forest and erected a cabin of unhewn logs, with a stick-and-mortar chimney, and the roof of 
clap-boards, riveted by hand and held in place by weight poles. In 1812 he brought out his 
family and a horse, a cow and a sheep. The mother and their son, Morris T. Denny, then 
eight months old, rode on the horse, which also carried a sack of provisions, and the husband 
and father walked and drove the cow and sheep, the bedding of the family being strapped to 
the cow. Upon their arival in Washington County, April 12, 1812, they entered Fleenor's 
Fort, where they remained several months for protection from hostile Indians. On leaving 
the fort they moved to their quarter section of land near the fort, three and a half miles 
northeast of Salem, the county seat, and he lived upon it until his death in October, 1855. 
His wife died ten years earlier in the same month. They had thirteen children, twelve of 
whom lived to maturity and five of whom are now living: Morris T., of Washington County, 
Ind., in his eighty-third year; William H., of Cumberland County, 111., in his eightieth year; 
Thomas EL, of Logan County, 111., in his seventy- eighth year; Mrs. Mary Johnson, of Fre- 
mont County, Iowa, in her seventieth year, and Robert, now in his sixty-sixth year. Elisha 
Denny was a most conscientious man. He rarely had a misunderstanding about a business 
matter and never was a party to a law suit during his entire career. This is all the more 
remarkable in view of the fact that be was to some extent a public man. He was commis- 
sioner of Saline lands, by appointment under President William Henry Harrison, while gov- 
ernor of Indiana Territory, and made his final report to the first governor of the State of Indi- 
ana, Jonathan Jennings. He assisted in laying out the State road from Indianapolis to Leaven- 
worth, on the Ohio River, and performed various other public services under the Territorial 
and State Governments. Notwithstanding he thus received ample evidence of the place he 
occupied in the public estimation, and might have felt assured of election if nominated, he 
would never consent to be a candidate for any office. He was fond of books and was regarded 
as unusually well imformed, especially upon history and current topics. Robert Denny was 
reared on his father's farm, and availed himself of such limited educational advantages as 
were afforded by the district schools of the neighborhood, reading omnivorously in every spare 
hour, and without wearying, whatever be could find that promised to instruct and edify him. 
The variety, extent and accuracy of his learning is very surprising in view of the fact that 
he never, as a student, saw the inside of any college, lecture room or institution of learning, 
other than a backwoods, one-room school-house. In the best sense of the phrase he is self edu- 
cated. He left the farm at the age of twenty- three, and busied himself at whatever he found 
to do, dividing his time partially between merchandising, teaching school and reading law. He 
early espoused Christianity as a member of the Christian Church, and spent several years 
before the war, and the first two years of the war, in church and Sunday-school missionary 
work. He was noted for his anti-slavery principles, yet he held the post mastership of Camp- 
bellsburg, Ind., under three administrations, those of Presidents Fillmore, Pierce and Bu- 
chanan, until he voluntarily resigned. In 1863 Mr. Denny organized Company C, One Hun- 
dred and seventeenth Indiana Volunteers. He declined a captain' s commission in favor of sol- 
diers of experience in the company, but was soon commissioned as second lieutenant and 
served with the company with that rank until he was discharged in May, 1864. While so 
serving he was offered the appointment of quartermaster of a division of the army of East 
Tennessee, but declined because he bad promised the men of the company to remain with 
them during their term of service. Returning to Indiana, he located at Indianapolis and 
entered upon the practice of his profession. His career at the bar has been one of honor and 
success, and his high standing is but the legitimate reward of the earnest and sustained en- 
deavor to succeed, which has been the rule of his professional life. To him the law has been 
and is the science of justice and equal rights among men, and he abhors the course of those 
in the profession who use the law as a system of trickery, to defeat justice and establish wrong 
instead of right. In the preparation of his cases he had been most careful, and to this fact 
he attributes much of his success. He never held the office of judge by election, but has at 
times been called to the bench as a substitute in the absence of regular judges, and upon 
such occasions he has acquitted himself more than creditably, so that he is uuiversally known 
as ' 'Judge" Denny. He possesses the most admirable, social qualities and has, perhaps, as 



184 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

many warm personal friends as any man in the city. In politics he holds the Prohibition 
views, not because he considers all of politics embraced in the single proposition of Prohibi- 
bition, but because he believes Prohibition necessary and sees no way to bring it about except 
through a distinct political movement, and has been one of the main pillars of the Prohibi 
tion party ever since its first organization in Indiana. He is full of charitable good will 
toward those who differ from him in either religion or politics. He loves to associate with the 
veterans of the late war, and for many years has been continuously honored by his comrades by 
election to various positions of trust and responsibility, including the presidency of the Per- 
simmon Brigade Association. When about twenty-one years old he married Mrs. Mary M. 
Hitchcock. She possessed virtues and qualities of mind and heart which made her one of 
earth's noblest of Christian women. By her first husband she had four sons, all of whom 
entered the Union army at the outbreak of the late war, and two of whom sleep in unknown 
graves, having sacrificed their lives at Chickamauga and Atlanta, Ga. Mrs. Denny is de- 
ceased, leaving him an only daughter, Adaline, their other three children having died in 
infancy and childhood. 

Frederick Stein, M. D. Few, perhaps none, who have trod the arduous paths of the 
profession, can be aware of the array of attributes and the host of minor qualities essential 
to the making up of a great physician and surgeon. His constitution must be of the har- 
diest, to successfully withstand the constant shock of wind and weather, the wearing loss of 
sleep and rest, the ever gathering load of care, and the insidious approach of every form of 
fell disease to which his daily round of duties momentarily expose him. The above is but a 
few necessary remarks introducing Dr. Frederick Stein, who for many years has been a suc- 
cessful practicing physician of Indianapolis. The land of Germany gave him birth March 
27, 1825, his parents being Clemens and Amelia (Ebert) Stein. He was reared and educated 
in his native land and took a full course in a noted university there, after which he served a 
two years' apprenticeship at the drug business, but never followed that occupation. He 
next entered the service of the German Government as a civil engineer in railroad work, in 
which capacity he labored conscientiously until 1849, when the German revolution came up, 
in which he took an active part. After the defeat of their cause and fearing the conse- 
quence of further residence in the land that gave him birth, he decided to come to America, 
and in the spring of 1850 he found himself in the city of New York, where he lived and 
labored for five years, securing employment as a druggist. At the end of that time he came 
to Indianapolis and soon secured employment as a draughtsman in compiling maps of the 
different counties of Indiana and also one of the State from United States surveys. From 
the fall of 1855 to 1870 he was connected with the State auditor's office, and in 1869 he was 
appointed by the General Government as superintendent of improvements on the Wabash 
River, which work occupied his time and attention for seven years, at which time he became 
incapacitated by rheumatism for further service. Upon regaining his health he began the 
study of medicine, and in 1879 entered the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
from which he graduated in 1881. He immediately entered upon a general practice, which 
he continued successfully until February 19, 1891, when he sustained a stroke of paralysis, 
from which he has never fully recovered, although at present his professional work is con- 
fined to office practice. He built up a reputation and knowledge of his profession that is an 
honor to himself and the noble calling which he follows. He was married in Germany in 
1849 to Catherine E. Kurzrock, a native of that country, and five children were the result of 
their union: Theodore, Albert, Henry, August and Frederick. Mrs. Stein died February 20, 
1882, and since that time the Doctor has remained unmarried: He has been a Mason of 
many years standing, but at the present time is not an active member of that order. He has 
identified himself with the land of his adoption since coming here, and is of the stuff of 
which noble and useful citizens are made. 

Theodore Stein. A somewhat recent movement in realty circles is growing quite 
popular at Indianapolis and other cities, this is the establishment of companies which 
furnish complete abstracts of titles. Delays in securing titles in the old way were often 
interminable and vexatious, and often after they were secured the owner found himself 
iuvolved in some sort of trouble which had escaped the notice of the attorney employed to 
examine the title. In the olden davs when land was very cheap the same care was not exer- 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 185 

oised as now, hence deeds were not so closely drawn and errors would creep in. A gentle- 
man who makes a specialty of this line of work, and who guarantees the utmost satisfaction 
and absolute perfection of title is Theodore Stein, who is one of the wide-awake, progressive 
and intelligent business men of the city of Indianapolis. He is a native of the city in 
which he lives, born November 7, 1858, a son of Frederick and Catherine (Kurzrock) Stein, 
a sketch of whom appears in this work In this city he was reared and in the public schools 
he obtained his literary education. After leaving school he was apprenticed to learn litho- 
graphing and engraving with Braden & Burford, with whom he remained four years. He 
then entered the city civil engineer's office, and was also in the county recorder's office for some 
time. Succeeding this he became bookkeeper and afterward manager of the H. Hermann 
Lumber Mills, in which capacity he served until 1887. In the fall of that year he purchased 
the abstract title business of the late W. C. Anderson, which he has since continued, and as 
that gentleman was noted as one of the most painstaking abstracters of the city, Mr. Stein 
has fully sustained this reputation, as an evidence of which fact he at present employs more 
clerical help in the prosecution of his large and increasing business than any other firm in 
the same line in Indianapolis. Mr. Stein has identified himself with the varied interests of 
Indianapolis and has paid a great deal of attention to building and loan associations, at one 
time being president and secretary of six different corporations. At the present time he is 
a stockholder in about twenty -five of them, but is only officially connected with three, being 
secretary of two and treasurer of one. He is fully equipped for his work and it requires 
but a brief investigation into the objects and aims of his business to learn how really im- 
portant are its functions aqd to pursuade everyone who buys land that it is to his interest to 
avail himself of the services of this gentlemen. He very properly takes great pride in his 
business, and it is through his own untiring efforts that it has come to be recognized as the 
leading one in its line in the city. He is of a very social disposition, has attained the Scottish 
Rite degree in the Masonic fraternity and he also belongs to the society of the Sons of Revo- 
lution, the Lyra- Casino Club, and he was one of the founders of the Columbia Club, although 
he is not a member of this society at present. He has always been a Republican in politics, 
but is no office seeker, the duties of his business completely occupying his time. He was 
married March 15, 1882, to Miss Bertha Kuhn, a native of Indianapolis, and a daughter of 
William F. and Nannette (Hesselbach) Kuhn, both natives of the old country. The union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Stein has resulted in the birth of two children: Pauline and Theodore. 

Jerry Collins, deputy sheriff of the county, and jailer, owes his nativity to the Isle of 
Erin, his birth having occurred in the beautiful County of Kerry, December 29, 1863. The 
Collins family came to America in 1865, and very shortly after landing on American soil they 
turned their faces westward and in a short time found themselves in the city of Indianapo- 
lis, Ind., in the public schools of which place Jerry Collins was placed as soon as he was old 
enough, and continued to attend until he had attained about the age of sixteen years. He 
then began to do for himself, and secured the position of bell boy in an Indianapolis hotel, 
but later became assistant clerk at the Grand Hotel, during which time he acquired such a 
thorough knowledge of the details of the business that he secured remunerative positions in 
some of the leading hotels in different cities throughout the country. His agreeable man- 
ners, kind and accommodating disposition and desire to please those who called upon his 
services rendered him a great favorite with the traveling public and won him many warm 
personal friends. In 1882 he went to Colorado and Utah, and for two years was clerk for 
the superintendent of construction of bridges and buildings on the Denver & Rio Grande 
Railroad between Grand Junction and Salt Lake City, his headquarters being at Green 
River, Utah. When the two years were over he returned to Indianapolis and since that 
time has made this city his home, with the exception of a trip to the San Juan country, in 
Colorado, where he followed mining in the Sheridan mine, in Marshall Basin for nine 
months. His intelligence and ability to adapt himself to circumstances has led to his hold- 
ing a number of important offices, and for some time he was in the township assessor's 
office and in the city civil engineer's department, which position he resigned December 10, 
1892, to accept the appointment of deputy sheriff, to which he was elected, and he was at 
once placed in charge of the jail, a position he still holds and for which he is admirably 
fitted. He is keenly alive to his responsibilities, fulfills them in the most prompt and thor- 



L 



180 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

ough manner, and even his political enemies have come to understand that he is the " right 
man in the right place.'' His management of the jail is above criticism, notwithstanding 
the fact that the building is an old one, many times inadequate to accommodate its occu- 
pants, and to properly look after those placed in his care the greatest ingenuity and good 
judgment is required. Politically, he has always been in strong sympathy with the Demo- 
crat party. 

Henby Pauli. It is a pleasure and a privilege to record the character and enterprise 
of men of business, who, on account of their long tenure and extensive operations comprise 
almost a history of the business in which they are engaged. Of such men it is unnecessary 
to speak in words of colored praise. " By their acts ye shall know them." Their very 
existence is emphatic evidence of the honorable position they occupy and the long course of 
just dealing that they have pursued. A gentleman in mind is Henry Pauli, who was born 
in Hessen, Darmstadt, Germany, in 1836, a son of John and Katharina (Jacobi) Pauli, also 
natives of the German Empire. They died when their son Henry was a lad of nine or ten 
years, the father having been a flour, saw and oil-mill operator. In the schools of his native 
place Henry acquired a practical education, but in 1852 he left the " halls of learning," and, 
bidding adieu to home and friends, embarked for the United States, and for some time after 
reaching this country he resided in the city of Little Falls, N. Y. He then came to the city 
of Indianapolis and for some time thereafter worked in the old Palmer House, one of the 
old landmarks of the place, now the Occidental Hotel, as dining-room boy. After a time he 
commenced to learn his trade under Charles Helwig, with whom he served a three years' 
apprenticeship. He then worked for other parties until 1867, at which time he formed a 
partnership with Christian F. Miller, one of the old settlers of the place, and this became 
one of the best known contracting firms in the city. He built many of the prominent busi- 
ness buildings of the city, as well as some of the finest residences, and his partnership with 
Mr. Miller continued until quite recently, since which time Mr. Pauli has conducted his opera- 
tions on his own responsibility. His career has been quite a remarkable one, for, on starting 
out in life for himself he at first received only $3 a month compensation for his services, 
which was raised, owing to his good conduct and efficiency, to the munificent sum of $3.50 
per month, and this was later increased to $4.50. He has slowly but surely climbed the 
ladder of success and has the satisfaction of knowing that he owes his present independent 
position to no one but himself. He is in the prime of life, has the advantage of having long 
been a settler of the city and is thus in touch with the spirit of Indianapolis and its enter- 
prise. He is a highly esteemed citizen and during his long business -career has ever proven 
true and honorable to his transactions. He is a member of the board of the German Orphan 
Asylum, being at one time its president, and was one of the organizers of that well-known 
institution. He is a member of Zion's Evangelical Church, joining in 1864; was presi- 
dent of the board of trustees for fifteen years, and has been a teacher in the Sunday-school 
for twentv seven vears. In 18*59 Miss Louisa Niermann, who was born in Prussia in 1840. 
became his wife, and to their union three sons and four daughters have been given, all of 
whom are intelligent and promising. 

Nelson J. Hyde. The office of State inspector of oils is a most important one, requiring 
special knowledge and a degree of integrity demanded in but few other positions. Us 
present incumbent. Nelson J. Hvde, was appointed in 1889, after a memorable contest, and 
has proven a most diligent and faithful official. Mr. Hyde was born in Plattsville, Wis., 
Januarv 23. 1851, a son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Nelson) Hvde. His father was a native 
of Ohio and a well-to do farmer. His mother was born in Ireland and was a woman of many 
virtues. In 1856. when he was six years old. young Hyde was orphaned by the death of his 
father, and his mother has since died. In 1857 he went to Indianapolis to make his home 
with his uncle. Abner R. Hyde, a pioneer hotel man in that city. He grew to manhood as a 
member of his uncle's household and was educated in the public schools. By the time he 
was twenty-one he was a good practical hotel man, familiar with every detail of the business, 
and during his active career he has managed several good houses, among them the ' ' National " 
and "Capitol" hotels of Indianapolis, and the "Taylor" house at Havana, 111. Mr. Hyde 
became very popular, personally, and acquired considerable political influence of the quiet 
but effective kind. He has never sought office but has accepted several important positions 



J 



r 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 187 

when they have been proffered him. He was for three years clerk in the county auditor's 
office under the administration of 'Tom " Taggart, and had otherwise served the public more 
than acceptably prior to his appointment to his present position. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and is a K. of P. , and is prominently identified with the Hendricks and 
Cleveland clubs. All in all, he is one of the most popular citizens and officials in this part 
of the "State. He was married April 27, 1876, to Miss Julia A. Downey, a native of Perry 
County, Ohio. 

William P. Smith. This gentleman was born October 19, 1840, in Indianapolis, Ind. 
His paternal ancestors trace their genealogy back to the days of Willianl the Conqueror, 
where the line is lost in the, then, important office of " butler " or cup-bearer to the first 
King of England. B. K. Smith, father of our subject, came from South Carolina to Wayne 
County, Ind., in 1816, and settled on the west fork of White River, where his early boyhood 
was passed. Elder B. K. Smith, as he was commonly known, was truly a self-made man, 
having left the civilization of South Carolina, which his father had spent his early days in 
helping reclaim from a wilderness, and migrated to the great "Northwest" before Indiana 
was admitted into the Union. His scholastic training was limited to two years, in which 
time he mastered Murray's grammar and learned to chew tobacco, as he facetiously remarked 
when speaking of his *' early advantages.' ' Later he learned the trade of blacksmith and 
wagon maker, came west with his brother Carey, and established a business in Indianapolis. 
One evidence of his thrift is found in the fact that for the building and ironing of one two- 
horse wagon he received a warranty deed to two town lots in Indianapolis, each 195x67$ 
feet. Exchanging these for a farm five miles from the city, he moved his family to the 
country and there, leaving them to take care of themselves as best they could, mounted a 
horse and started out to convert the denizens of the unbroken wilderness of Indiana to the 
doctrines of salvation as set forth by Alexander Campbell. Elder Smith was one of the 
pioueer preachers of the State, whose contributions to the Millenial Harbinger, Christian 
Age and Christian Standard did much toward molding religious thought. William P. 
Smith traces his maternal ancestors to an Irish and W T elsh origin through the Bristows and 
Prices. His great -grandsi re was a revolutionary soldier, settled in Virginia after peace 
was declared, and died while Peyton Bristow was an infant. Peyton Bristow entered 400 
acres of Government land near Indianapolis, paying $1.25 per acre. Allured by the abun- 
dance of game that roamed the trackless forest, and fish that filled the waters of White River 
and its tributaries, he left his numerous family to "clear up" the land while he furnished 
them with fish and venison with his home-made fishing tackle and unerring flintlock gun. 
A typical pioneer, he died at the advanced age of ninety- four years, having celebrated his 
diamond wedding to Mary Price, who survived him three years. They left six daughters 
and six sons, ninety six grandchildren, thirty- two great-grandchildren and two great-great- 
grandchildren. Their daughter Sarah became the wife of B. K. Smith and bore him 
twelve children, nine sons and three daughters, of whom the subject of this sketch was sixth 
in order of birth. Amanda, the first, married Aaron Clem; Araminta died when sixteen; 
Mary A. married John Hosbrook; Charles H. died at the age of fifty-two, unmarried; B. K., 
Jr., now drawing a pension for disability incurred during the Rebellion; Walter S. ; John 
C. ; Alexander C. ; Mark A. and Benjamin F. The subject of this sketch combining the 
Saxon. Scotch, Irish and Welsh blood in equal proportions, is strongly fitted by nature for 
the peculiar traits of character which he seems to have inherited from each branch of his 
ancestors. His father having accepted the charge of a congregation in Edinburgh, Johnson 
County, Ind., had removed there about 1850. Two years of struggle against the character- 
istic poverty of pioneer preachers at this place, the family removed to Harrison, Ohio, where 
the subject of this sketch lived until fifteen, fishing for food for the family, skating, swim- 
ming, and marble playing. The family moved back to the farm in Indiana in 1856 and two 
years later William entered the Northwestern Christian University, chopping cordwood in 
vacations to pay tuition and board. In December, 1864, he read law with his uncle, Jeremiah 
Smith, of Winchester, Ind., and was admitted to the bar the following year. Returning to 
Indianapolis he became deputy county surveyor of Marion County. November 19, 1867, he 
married Elvira, daughter of Royal Mayhew, a prominent attorney and ex treasurer of the State 
of Indiana, who is a lineal descendant of Thomas Mayhew, founder and patentee of 



« 



188 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket and Elizabeth Isles. Four children have been born to 
them: Minnie May hew, who died in infancy; Royal May hew, who married Miss Flor- 
ence Abney, and Sarah L. William P. Smith is original in style, thought and reasoning. 
Early impressed with the fact that authors of books were simply men, and liable to err as 
other men, he ceased to place implicit confidence in books and established writings and to look 
upon "established truth" with suspicion, especially when remote antiquity was the sole sup- 
port. Regardless of his rashness in daring to oppose "established truth "(?) he has espoused 
the cause of the oppressed wage earners. He has prepared articles arguing that the 
same cause that produces paupers and profligates in Russia, Ireland and Spain, will 
produce them in America. Much of Mr. Smith's time has been spent in lecturing on 
the social problem under the title of the "Problem of Civilization." None of his best 
articles have appeared in print, the position held by him being so contrary to "established 
truth " (?) that the proprietors of magazines and publishers of daily papers refuse them 
space. His published writings consist mainly of contributions to daily and weekly papers, 
a collection of Irish, Negro, German and Yankee dialect verse, including orations, dialogues 
and dramas of versatility, wit and morals. He was the founder of three different secret 
societies of an educational nature. The Archer ritual is his production. Mr. Smith, recogniz- 
ing the universal law of attraction and repulsion as operating constantly upon all matter 
through all space, argues by an ingenius process of reasoning from cause to effect, that 
planets, satellites and suns have been developed from a condition of absolute cold to their 
present proportions and that the ultimate destiny of our planet is to attain the proportions 
and conditions of a sun, when the "elements will melt with a fervent heat."* Mr. Smith's 
ideas of religion are original and unique. He says: " The mission of Christ was to establish 
a kingdom of righteousness and joy and peace upon earth, to save mankind from committing 
sin, not from the effects of sin committed; to restore mankind to the blessing, comforts and 
delights of this present life; to teach man how to live; that he may avoid sin, not how he 
may escape from the effects of sin; that religion is not to get, but to ' do the will of my 
Father which hath sent me;' that when the world is truly civilized the religion of Christ 
will be the business of the world. Christ says: ' My poople shall be a contented people; they 
shall build houses and inhabit them; they shall plant vineyards and eat of the fruit thereof; 
they shall not build and another inhabit: they shall not plant and another eat.'" This he 
argues is the true test of a Christian civilization. Mr. Smith's ideas on political economy, 
as might be expected, are opposite to those accepted by the political economists who furnish 
text books for our schools and colleges. He says: "Money is a memorandum of value due 
the bearer from the commonwealth." That " honest " money can not be made from the 
so called 4 * precious metals." That no government can become free from any debt that 
forms the basis of its circulating medium, unless that debt is paid in somthing else beside 
the money based on it. The debt grows larger by accruing interest, the money less, by loss 
and wear. This perpetually widens the gap between the debt and power to pay the debt, 
which bankruptcy alone can pay — that a people never can be free whose circulating medium 
is based on bonds — that bonds are instruments of bondage and bondage implies servitude. 
Being specially gifted in his powers of speech, Mr. Smith has been called upon, at various 
times and on sundry occasions, to talk to the public on special subjects. Invariably he has 
acquitted himself with credit and satisfaction. He is a courteous gentleman, an excellent 
neighbor and an upright citizen. 

Emanuel Anthony, M. D. The subject of this sketch following a resolve that came 
upon him at a very early ape, entered upon the study of medicine, and pursued it with a 
rare enthusiasm, an impression being strong within him that this was his sure vocation, a 
feeling that was as strong as that which glows in the breast of the enthusiast who offers him- 
self for some remote missionary service under the idea that the sacrifice of life is involved 
in the discharge of the duty. Such was not the thought of Dr. Anthony, but rather, that 
he might be the means of communicating health to others and save many from the hands of 
death. It was this spirit of resolute purpose that sustained him when he applied himself to 
his books for eight hours of each day at a time when he was teaching a large school which 

♦It is regretted by the publishers of this volume that space cannot be given herein to explain fully and at length, the 
original reasoning of Mr. Smith. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 189 

demanded more than ordinary care and attention. This spirit remains as strong with him 
to-day, and explains the success that has attended his practice and the distinction he enjoys 
in his profession. Dr. Emanuel Anthony was born in Loudoun County, Va., May 27, 1840, 
being the son of Joseph and Rachel (Rogers) Anthony, the former a native of Spain and 
the latter of England. The father was a farmer by occupation and in 1841 settled in Athens 
County, Ohio, where he resided until his death in June, 1856. He was a soldier in the 
army which resisted the invasion of Napoleon into his native country and participated in 
the first victory of the Peninsula war. He came to America in 1807 and settled in Virginia. 
Our subject was about a year old when his parents settled in Athens County, and there he 
was reared upon a farm, receiving his early education in the public schools, afterward attend- 
ing Miller's academy. At the age of eighteen, in 1858, be began the study of medicine with 
Dr. E. M. Bean, at Pleasanton, Athens County, pursuing his studies for seven years, and 
taught school during the greater portion of the time in these years, and it was at this time 
that he compelled himself to study eight hours every day, and this without neglecting in 
any wise his duties as a teacher. At the expiration of the seven years he entered the office 
of his preceptor and assisted in the general practice for three years, when he entered the 
Physio Medical College at Cincinnati, in 1868, from which he graduated in the spring of 
1869. Immediately after this he settled at Guysville, Ohio, and practiced there until Jan- 
uary, 1881, when he came to Indianapolis and entered upon a practice which has continued 
uninterruptedly up to the present time, and has worked up a lucrative practice. He pays 
special attention to surgery, his tastes and inclinations leading him into this line of work. 
In 1872 Dr. Anthony was elected to fill the chair of anatomy and physiology in the Physio- 
Medical College at Cincinnati, which he accepted and filled until 1877. In 1879 he was 
elected to the chair of surgery in the Physio -Medical College at Indianapolis, which he still 
fills with great credit, and in 1881 be was elected president of the faculty, holding this posi- 
tion until February, 1893. The Doctor is a member of the Physio -Medical Society of 
Indianapolis, of the Indiana State Physio-Medical Society and of the American Association 
of Physio- Medical Physicians and Surgeons. He was the first president of the Indianapolis 
society and has been president of the State society. Dr. Anthony served in the One Hun- 
dred and Forty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in the one hundred-days service enlisting in 
the month of May (first day) and was discharged in the following fall. His regiment was 
assigned to general duty in Virgiana, being on guard service. Dr. Anthony was married 
December 29, 1864, to Elvira Calvert, a native of Athens County, and a daughter of Amos 
and Margaret (Stephenson) Calvert, also natives of Ohio. Dr. and Mrs. Anthony are the 
parents of one child, Elisha G. Anthony. The Doctor and his family are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics the Doctor is a Prohibitionist, believing that the 
morals and the happiness of the people will best be advanced by the triumph of the prin- 
ciples of that party. 

Albert E. Buchanan, D. D. S. In this country where so many young men are thrown 
upon their own resources at an early age and are often obliged, while yet inexperienced and 
unfamiliar with their own tendencies and inclinations, to choose their occupation in life, it 
cannot always be expected the most suitable or most congenial pursuit will be selected. In 
the old country, where too often genius and ambition are both absolutely opposed by the old 
adage, * 'follow your father, my son, and do as your father has done." young men do not 
have the advantage they do here. In this country it is the trend of legislation to place no 
obstacle in the way of the full development of talent and the skyward expansion of genius, 
and thus the youth of this country usually find as suitable an occupation as did Albert E. 
Buchanan, who chose the calling of a dentist, and has found it admirably suited to his quali- 
fications and desires. He was born in Cumberland, Marion County, Ind., June 8, 1860, a 
son of John and Jane C. (Ferguson) Buchanan, who were also born in Indiana, and were 
among the early settlers of Marion County. In the town of his birth the subject of this 
sketch was reared, and he there obtained his education and in Moore* s Hill College. In 
July, 1881, he came to Indianapolis, and began the study of dentistry, his preceptor being 
Dr. T. S. Hacker. After remaining under his instruction for some time he entered the 
Indiana Dental College in October, 1881, and was graduated therefrom in 1883, after which 
he remained with Dr. Hacker for seven years as his associate in the practice of dentistry. At 



L. 



190 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

the end of that time he embarked in business for himself, in which he has built up a very 
large and paying practice. For a number of years after his graduation Dr. Buchanan as- 
sisted Dr. Hacker as demonstrator in the Indiana Dental College, but now devotes his entire 
time to his practice, the duties of which he has found arduous. He has already won a repu- 
tation for skill that is by no means local, and what he endeavors to do he does well. His 
charges are reasonable, and being generous and considerate he never pushes his debtors. 
He was married January 20, 1886, to Miss Nellie Boll, a native of Indianapolis, and a daugh- 
ter of W. H. Roll, and to their union one child has been given, Julia J., born May 31, 1891. 
The Doctor is a member of the Indiana Dental Association, and is a member of the Com- 
mittee on Code of Ethics in the same. He is a member of the Post-Graduate Society of 
Indianapolis, and socially belongs to the I. O. O. F. He and his wife are members of the 
First Baptist Church, and for several years he has been a teacher in the Sabbath-school, and 
also assistant superintendent. Politically he has always affiliated with the Republican party, 
and at all times supports its men and measures. 

George M. Smith. This gentleman is a native of that country whose citizens are noted 
for their industry, frugality and honesty, Germany, and throughout life he has shown 
that he is possessed of these worthy characteristics in an eminent degree. He was born in 
Seidendorf, October 14, 1836, and received the benefit of the schools of his native land from 
the time he was six up to the age of fourteen years. In 1852 he came to America in com- 
pany with his brother Conrad and his sister Elizabeth, taking passage at Bremen, May 2, 
and after a long voyage of fifty- six days they reached the port of New York. They then 
went up the Hudson River to Albany, then by rail to Dunkirk, then across the lake to San- 
dusky, Ohio, then by the old flat-bar railroad to Dayton, Ohio, and on to Hamilton. Mr. 
Smith says that frequently the cars got off the track and that in such cases the passengers 
would get off the cars and walk until 'the train caught up with them. The trip from San- 
dusky to Hamilton occupied two days and a night. Upon his arrival in the latter place Mr. 
Smith went to work in Mr. Becket's paper-mill, then apprenticed himself to Philip Huber, a 
baker and confectioner, but as his employer did not pay him his wages as agreed, he left him 
at the expiration of six months and entered the employ of Hon. Lewis D. Campbell, ex con- 
gressman, with whom he remained until the spring of 1854, when he came to Hancock 
County, Ind. , where his brother Conrad had preceded him. He became an employe of Widow 
Gooding, mother of Hon. David S. Gooding, at the hotel kept by her in Greenfield. He 
remained in her employ and that of Dr. N. P. Howard, her son-in-law, for two years, then 
went to Shelby County, and for two years conducted a general store at Pleasant View. There 
he was married March 28, 1858, toDelphina, daughter of Squire Reuben Barnard, a Quaker 
and a native of Nantucket, Mass. In 1860 he bought a farm of 70 acres of Henry Grass 
onto which he moved and in time added 15 to the 30 acres that had been cleared. In 1867 
he bought 40 acres on Sugar Creek, in Shelby County, but sold it in November, 1868, and 
in the spring of the following year sold the rest of his land and came to Marion County, 
purchasing 160 acres, consisting of two 80- acre tracts, for which he paid $10,000. One hun- 
dred acres were cleared and he now has 120 acres cleared on which be raises the usual farm 
products. He has always been a Democrat, and since the time of Stephen A. Douglas he 
has never missed voting for a Democratic president. He was elected trustee of his township 
in 1874, serving for two years. He is a worthy member of the Christian Church at Irvington, 
and is an enthusiastic member of the I. O. O. F. Of eleven children born to himself and 
wife only one is dead, Eudora, who passed from life in infancy. The rest are as follows: 
Elizabeth G. , who married Isaac Harlan, has two children, Mary and Smith ; Cora M. ; 
William C, ex-county surveyor; Oscar L. ; Amy E., assistant principal teacher in the Free 
Kindergarten at Buffalo, N. Y. ; Clarence K. ; Ivy M. ; Walter E. ; George M. and Mary D. 
The paternal grandfather of these children was George J. Smith, who died in his native 
land in Germany in 1843, seven weeks after his wife died, at which time he was fifty-one 
years old. He had been married twice, his first wife giving him four children, only one of 
whom grew to maturity, Michael. His second wife was Anna Marie Helmreich, and by her 
he became the father of ten children, three of whom survive as follows: John K., of Fair- 
land, Ind. ; Elizabeth, widow of Jacob Kohler, of Hamilton, Ohio, and George M., the subject 
of this sketch. The latter' s father-in-law was born on the Island of Nantucket, Mass., in 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 191 

1805, and in 1806, owing to the persecutions to which the Quakers were subjected, his 
father, Libroy Barnard, with other Quakers, emigrated to North Carolina, settling in Guil- 
ford County, and there on Deep River, within twelve miles of Greensboro, Reuben Barnard 
was brought up and lived until September, 1833, when he came to Indiana, locating first in 
Centerville, from whence he walked in March, 1834, to Indianapolis, entering 80 acres of 
land in Hancock County. About two years later he entered 80 acres more and there lived 
until his death in 1869. He was justice of the peace in Hancock County for quite a number 
of years, and politically was a Democrat, his first vote having been cast for Andrew Jackson. 
He was a Quaker but was excommunicated for marrying outside the pale of the church. He 
was married to Elizabeth, daughter of David and Sarah Curry. She was born and reared 
in Davidson County, N. C, and bore her husband ten children, as follows: Louisa; Fred- 
erick, who died in Texas, was married to Mattie Bond, whose father was a Colonel in the 
Confederate service during the Civil War; James J. married Jane McAdams (nee Shannon) 
and had four children — Reuben, Elizabeth, Eunice and Frederick; Sarah E. first married 
Ezekiel Cunningham, who died in the Federal service at Helena, Ark., and by whom she had 
three children — Adolphus, Elenora, and Samuel, and after his death she married Christian 
Scheldmeir and to whom four children were given, two of whom survive — Bertha, who mar- 
ried Thomas Groves, and Laura; Delphina became the wife of George M. Smith; Mary E., 
as the widow of William T. King, married George W. Jenks (Mary T., her child by her first 
husband, married Robert T. Lee), and by George W. Jenks she became the mother of one 
son, Charles; Elihu B., who died at the age of sixteen years; Eunice (deceased) married 
Richard Senour, by whom she had seven children, of whom five survive — Mary, Edward, 
Laura, Nellie, and Elizabeth; William, of Greenfield, Ind., married Amanda Gibson and 
has two children, Borgia and Audrey; Charlotte J., who married John Burkhart, lives in 
Shelby County, Ind., has seven children — John; Charley, who married a Miss Williams; 
Eunice, Adrian, Edna, Jesse, and Ernest. Mr. Barnard, the father of Mrs. Smith., died in 
1869, and his wife July 24, 1892, at the age of eighty-six years. Mrs. Smith's paternal 
great-grandfather, was in all probability the Huguenot emigrant ancestor who, with so many 
of his co-religionists, fled from France after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, and with 
a band of brotherly, loving friends, purchased the Island of Nantucket that they might 
have a place to worship God according to the dictates of their own conscience. 

J. O. Henderson. The career of this well-known journalist and politician illustrates 
the value of those sterling qualities which enable men to make their way to positions of 
responsibility and distinction. John Oscar Henderson was born in New London, Howard 
County, Ind. , forty-five years ago, the second of five sons of the late J. F. Henderson, a 
pioneer physician and noted early Democratic leader of the Indiana Reserve. Soon after 
the beginning of the Civil War the family moved to Kokomo, the seat of justice of Howard 
County, and Dr. Henderson entered the Union army as surgeon of the Eighty-ninth Regi- 
ment Indiana Volunteers. Mr. Henderson received an academic education at Kokomo and 
was graduated from Asbury (now DePanw) University in 1872. Meantime Dr. Henderson 
had founded and was the owner of the Kokomo Dispatch, and his two sons, J. O. and H. E. 
Henderson entered upon their career as journalists in 1876, and soon established themselves 
firmly among the leading Democratic editors and political managers of the State. For 
years J. O. Henderson was chairman of the local county committee. In 1885 he was 
appointed revenue collector for the Eleventh Indiana District by President Cleveland, and 
filled that position two years with much credit and success. In 1886 he served as a member 
of the executive committee of the Democratic State central committee, and in 1888 he was 
a delegate to the Democratic national convention and was made assistant secretary of that 
body. Iu 1889 he was elected president of the Democratic Editorial Association of Indiana. 
In 1890 he was elected auditor of the State of Indiana, and was re-elected in 1892, and is 
now for the second term filling that office. 

Amos L. Wilson, M. D., of Indianapolis was born near Casey, 111., August 20, 
1858, son of Jonathan and Mary (Huntington) Wilson, the former a native of Kentucky, the 
latter a native of New York. His father, who had been a life-long farmer, came to Indiana 
when a young man and has lived in this State and Illinois all his life since, being at this 
time resident in the vicinity of Casey, 111. Two of his sons (brothers of Dr. Wilson) named 



t 






14' 



. \ 



\ 












192 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

James N. and Joshua C. Wilson, served their country in the Civil War, and the former, a 
member of Gen. Benjamin Harrison's regiment, lost hislifeatBesaca, May 15, 1864. Joshua 
C. Wilson is a resident of Nebraska. Another son of Jonathan Wilson (John A.) served 
for seven years with the regular army in the West until discharged for disability. Besides 
those mentioned above there are three other children of Jonathan Wilson living, and resid- 
ing in Indianapolis, viz. : Asa B. Wilson, Mary A. Wilson and Mrs. Sarah McFall, and 
three, one son and two daughters, dead. When Dr. Wilson was about four years old his 
mother died. He was reared in Johnson County and divided his youth between farm labor 
and the common schools, followed by a normal school course. For five years thereafter he 
taught in the public schools of Johnson and Bartholomew Counties, Ind., and in the spring 
of 1884 came to Indianapolis, and in September of that year was appointed clerk in the city 
postoffice, one of the first appointed under the civil service rule. Thirteen months after 
entering upon the duties of this position he resigned it to devote his entire time to the study 
of medicine Under the preceptorship of Dr. E. F. Hodges, graduating from the Medical Col- 
lege of Indiana in the spring of 1887, and by competitive examination securing the appoint- 
ment as physician to the city dispensary for one year. At the end of that time, he entered 
upon the regular practice of his profession, which he has continued to the present time. He 
is a member of the Marion County Medical Society, of the Indiana State Medical Society 
and of the American Medical Association, and has prepared and read papers before the 
county and State societies. Of the County Medical Society he has been secretary. In 
politics he is a Republican and is connected with the K. of P. and the R. A. April 
24, 1889, he married Mrs. Nellie (Gilford) Rothingatter, a native of Michigan and a 
daughter of George and Laura (Fanning) Gifford. They have a daughter named Helen 
Gifford and a son named Wilbur Niles. Georgia Rothingatter is Mrs. Wilson's daughter by 
her former marriage. 

Virgil. H. Lockwood, the well-known lawyer and patent attorney, was born on a farm 
near Fort Branch, Gibson County, Ind. , May 6, 1860. His father, James T. Lockwood, 
was a native of Westchester County, N. Y., and is now a leading merchant at Prince- 
ton, Ind. His mother, Juliet Neely Adams, was born in north central Kentucky and 
belonged to a family that produced several able men in Kentucky, southwestern Indiana 
and elsewhere, including Gen. John I. Neely, Gov. Neely, of California, Gov. Ralston, of 
Tennessee, and Ex Congressman Thomas, of Metropolis, 111. Mr. Y. H. Lockwood grew 
up on the farm and received his early education at Fort Branch. That he was an apt aud 
diligent student is apparent from the fact that he was graduated from the Fort Branch High 
School at the early age of fifteen. His father being at the time unable to give him the col- 
legiate education he desired, Mr. Lockwood taught school during the remainder of his 
minority, except in 1878, when he was a student at DePauw (then Asbury) University. At 
the early age of eighteen he assumed the principalship of the High School and continued in 
that position for three years. In 1881 he entered the law school of the University of Vir- 
ginia and was graduated therefrom. The next four years he devoted to various special 
branches of scientific and literary study in the University of Virginia. After reviewing his 
legal studies at the same institution, he began, in March, 1886, the practice of his profes- 
sion at Detroit, Mich. , in association with E. Y. and C. M. Swift. During his legal and 
collegiate training, which Mr. Lockwood procured through his own unaided efforts, he pre- 
pared himself for the practice of the specialty which has since received his entire attention 
♦with marked success. He was led to choose his specialty by reason of his interest in the 
material progress of the people, his liking for all means whereby man utilizes the laws 
and materials of nature for his own advancement, and the belief that a man can be of great- 
est service to his fellow man by limiting the scope of his efforts and investigations. Mr. 
Lockwood came to Indianapolis and, in March, 1892, succeeded to the patent-law business 
of Charles P. Jacobs, Esq. His efforts, both in general law and in patent law, have met 
with invariable success, due to his thorough training and the study and care he always 
devotes to the preparation and conduct of all cases. Above all, he is reliable and spares no 
efforts to gain success in any undertaking. He is popular at the bar and in business and 
social circles. He is a member of the D. K. E. college fraternity, of the Century and Com- 
mercial Clubs and of other well-known and useful organizations. In 1889 he married Miss 



!> / 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 193 

Bertha M. Greene, a daughter of Charles P. Greene, Esq., of Indianapolis. He is a mem- 
ber of the Second Presbyterian Church of Indianapolis and is interested in all movements 
for the betterment of the condition of his fellow citizens and for that reason is public- 
spirited and devoted to the rapidly-growing interests of Indianapolis, and especially of the 
State of Indiana. 

Joel T. Elliott. There is no class of business men who more surely rear up visible 
monuments to their industry and their enterprise than the builders of the sightly structures 
which become a landmark, not only locally but in the historical sense, in all our great cities, 
and Joel T. Elliott holds a prominent place among them. He was born in Putnam County, 
Ind., August 11, 1865, a son of J. M. Elliott, who was born on Blue-Grass soil and is now a 
resident and successful farmer of Putnam County, Ind. In his early manhood he followed 
the calling of a wagon maker and during this time his son, Joel T., acquired a knowledge of 
how to handle a saw and plane. He was the second of eight children born to his parents, 
and when he had attained a proper age he was placed in the public schools of Putnam County, 
where he acquired an excellent and practical education. During the time that he was not 
pursuing the paths of learning, he was assisting his father in the shop. At the age of sixteen 
he began learning the trade of a carpenter, at which he continued to labor until be bad attained 
the age of nineteen years, then he entered the railroad office at Fillmore, and learned 
telegraphy, and continued until the Fall of 1887. In 1887 fee located in Indianapolis and 
commenced his present business of contracting and building and from the start his work was 
in every way satisfactory and this fact soon became known to those who contemplated build- 
ing and his services were employed and he has now a patronage among the best class of citi- 
zens and all he can properly attend to. He was one of the firm of Ayers & Co., who put up 
$48,000 worth of work on the State Fair Grounds, principally on the Woman's Building and 
has built many of the handsomest private residences in the city as well as having erected 
numerous other buildings of prominence. His work is characterized by its substantial and 
symmetrical nature, and his patrons have found it a pleasure to deal with him, for he is 
thoroughly to be relied upon, is prompt in fulfilling his contracts and is the soul of honesty. 
Although he started without means he has now a comfortable property, the result of energy, 
perseverance and economy. In September, 1892, he was united in marriage with Miss Nona 
Horine, of Richmond, Ind. Mr. Elliott has taken quite an interest in politics and has ever 
voted the Democratic ticket, the success of which has ever been dear to his heart. Socially 
he is a member of the K. of P. , West Indianapolis Lodge, No. 244, and he and his wife belong 
to the Pythian Sisters. 

George W. Nash, M. D. An able physician in general practice who gives special at- 
tention to the diseases of children and is therefore most successful as a family practitioner, is 
Dr. George W. Nash, of Indianapolis. Dr. Nash was born in Hendricks County, Ind., 
October 15, 1835, and is the eldest of seven children of Richard E. and Frances (Smith) 
Nash, the former a native of Ohio, the latter a native of Kentucky. Richard Nash was a 
farmer by occupation, and was a man of the strongest common sense and of the most praise- 
worthy enterprise within the limits by which he was necessarily circumscribed. He died in 
1846, his wife in 1856. Of their children, three sons, Richard, Isaac and William R., 
served in the late war. The two first mentioned lost their lives in the service, the latter is a 
successful physician at Fairmount, 111. Dr. George W. Nash was ten years old when his 
father died, and the responsibility of carrying on the farm of eighty acres and caring for his 
six younger brothers and sisters devolved upon him to a very marked extent, and it is credit- 
able to him that, turning aside from the amusements and recreations so dear to youth, he 
devoted himself assiduously to work and in every manner possible aided his mother and 
made her burdens lighter. His early educational opportunities were not of the best, but 
he made such as he had available with the result that he was soon able to teach school, and, 
for a part of the time at least, leave the heavier work of the farm to others better adapted 
to it physically, for the hard labor of his early years had to an extent broken down his con- 
stitution, never robust, and made such a change necessary to him above almost anything else. 
For five years he taught with increasing success, and in 1860 he opened a drug store at 
Brownsburg, Ind., and, in his leisure time, devoted himself to the study of medicine, which 
he pursued diligently for three years. Meantime, as a druggist, he was making consider- 

13 



194 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

able financial progress, and he determined to forego the further study of his chosen profes- 
sion for a time and dispose of his drug store and engage in general merchandising and mill- 
ing. In this new venture he was not so successful, but on the contrary sunk about all the 
means he had accumnlated, and in 1871 he relinquished it, and, removing to Covington, 
Ind., again engaged in the drug business, in which he continued for three years. In 1875 
he became a commercial traveler, and as such was on the road until 1884. Meantime, in 
1881, he located in Indianapolis, and upon quitting the road opened a drug store in that 
city, which he conducted successfully until 1890, when he sold it to his son. During all of 
this time he had not forgotten his natural liking for the profession of medicine, and he had 
availed himself of every opportunity to retain aud add to all he had acquired of its theory in 
the course of reading he had f.aken, and in 1885 he entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, Indianapolis, and was graduated therefrom in 1888 with the degree of M. D., 
and at once began a general practice, which has been interrupted only by his absence in 
New York during the fail and winter of 1891) to take a post-graduate course. He is a mem- 
ber of the dispensary staff of the College of Physiciaus and Surgeons. He is identified 
with the Marion County Medical Society and the Indiana State Medical Society, and has 
read papers before the two bodies which have attracted much attention in the profession. 
In politics Dr, Nash is a Republican. He was married March 4, 1857, to Mary J. Clark, a 
native of Kentucky, who bore him four children: William B., Lee T., Dolly and Daisy, and 
who died April 25. 1890. August 12, 1891, Dr. Nash married Alice M. Brown, a native of 
Kentucky. Dr. and Mrs. Nash are members of the Christian Church. 

Sylvester A. Morgan. The finger of time is one of the most satisfactory and reliable 
endorsers of a man's business career usually. Men in the various walks of life may with 
justification halt and refuse to listen to the solicitation of a beginner; but in so doing he 
would in many cases make a mistake and pass by one who was in every way worthy his pat- 
ronage, and this would be especially true in the case of Sylvester A. Morgan, who, although 
he has been in business here only five years, has yetf made an excellent reputation as a con- 
tractor and builder. He is a product of Butler County, Ohio, where he was born January 2, 
1858, a son of Edward J. and Mary Morgan, well known residents of Elizabeth town, Bar- 
tholomew County, Ind. Although the father was formerly a builder of considerable note, 
he has for some time since given his attention to farming, in which occupation he has been 
reasonably successful. In Elizabeth town, Sylvester A. Morgan received such educational 
advantages of which he is now possessed, and his leisure time when not in school, or the 
greater portion of it, was spent in learning the trade of a carpenter under his father. He 
remained with him until he attained his majority and then engaged in the ice business in 
Louisville, Ky. He very soon gave up this work to engage in farming near Elizabethtown, 
Ind., and after devoting his attention to this business for two years, meeting with misfortune 
in this, he then moved to Noblesville, Ind., and began teaching school during the winter 
season, the warm months being devoted to carpentering which he had resumed, soon having 
charge of work as foreman. He remained in that locality until about 1888, at which time 
he took up his residence in West Indianapolis, commencing business on his own responsibil- 
ity, and here has been very successfully engaged in contracting and building ever since. 
Many of the important structures of west Indianapolis have been erected by him and all the 
houses in many blocks stand as monuments to his industry, knowledge of his calling and the 
estimation in which he is held by the public. He also built the whole plant for the Van 
Camp Packing Company and has fulfil led some large contracts for the American and Standard 
Wheel Company, Parry Manufacturing Company, built the adamant wall plaster building aud 
some beautiful residences, particularly in the neighborhood of Fourteenth and Pennsyl- 
vania Streets, in the city of Indianapolis. He has under his management a large force of 
men, and his operations are invariably conducted with safety and are always brought to a 
successful termination at the specified time and to the letter of contract. He is a man of 
unblemished honor and loyal to his promises in all his undertakings. In 1890 he wedded 
Miss Sylvinia Suowden, of Elizabethtown, and both are worthy members of the Trinity 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Mr. Morgan being a trustee and treasurer since its founding. 
Socially he is a member of Mystic Tie Lodge F. & A. M., the K. of P., being a charter 
member of West Indianapolis Lodge, No. 244, and the Builders' Exchange. 



TH V NEW YORK 

ru3UCUfKA;r : ' 



L 



AS'OR, LFVOX AMD 



VW .£> , !a(p^<wl 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 19ft 

William F. Lander. This gentleman Las bad a career in some respects remarkable, a 
narrative of which will be found most interesting. He is a New England Yankee, and was 
born in Medford, Mass., March 21, 1847, a son of Francis and Harriet (Kenedy) Lander, 
natives, respectively, of Boston, Mass. , and the State of Maine. His father, a distant rel- 
ative of Franklin Pierce, was born and reared on "Old Fort Hill," a locality popularly 
regarded at that time as quite an aristocratic neighborhood, now known as Washington 
Square. He became a ship contractor, and is now a resident of Cambridge, Mass. In the 
course of his busy career he has built wholly or in part many vessels, making a specialty 
of cabin work. He was well known among seamen and vessel owners, and had a most envia- 
ble reputation with the general business public. Mr. Lander comes from patriot stock. 
His great-grandfather was orderly sergeant of the Concord, Mass., company, which did 
service in the Revolutionary struggle, and was at the historic battle of Lexington, and lost 
a leg at the battle at Monmouth. He died at the age of forty-five years. His paternal and 
maternal grandfathers were both soldiers and officers in the United States army during the 
War of 1812-14. His father is a veteran of the late war, having served as second sergeant 
of Company F, Fifth Massachusetts Infantry, mostly in North Carolina. His grandfather 
Lander was educated at Eton and Oxford Colleges, England, and for several years was a 
professor of penmanship in the schools of Boston, in which his wife was also a teacher. 
He was a native of England, and was, no doubt, related to the great English traveler of 
that name. He died and was buried in Massachusetts. Mr. Lander's maternal grandfather 
was a sea captain, and was lost at sea at the age of thirty seven, by being washed over- 
board during a storm which his vessel encountered en route from Cuba to Boston. Will- 
iam F. Lander was reared at Medford, Mass., and educated in the public schools of that 
place. At the age of seventeen he went to sea and led a seafaring life for four years 
thereafter, making voyages to South America, the Sandwich Islands, Chili, Peru, Rio 
Janeiro, the Mediterranean and the island of Sicily. He doubled Cape Horn four times, 
visited Gibralta twice, spent eight weeks at Valentia, Spain. Relinquishing his sea life, he 
engaged in piano and organ manufacture at Cambridge, Mass., and continued in it with 
much success until 1884, as a contractor, employing from sixteen to twenty men. During 
that year he came to Indianapolis and engaged in the organization of fraternal orders and 
branches of the same, a kind of work in which he had already had considerable experience, 
having been for a few years grand secretary of the K. & L. of H., of Massachusetts. In 
1889 he organized the O. of E., and was made its supreme secretary. The affairs of 
this order are conducted in the most conservative manner, and it has come to the front as 
a popular and growing enterprise. Fully 5,000 membership certificates have been issued, 
and more than a hundred local councils have been organized and are in a flourishing con- 
dition. Mr. Lander is a member also of the I. O. O. F. , the K. P. , the Uniformed Rank, 
the A. O. U. W., the K. & L. of H., the M. W. and other orders. He is a popular mem- 
ber of the Columbia and Marion Clubs, of Indianapolis. Mr. Lander was married in 1875, 
to Miss Emma J. Alderson, of Plymouth, Mass., and has six sons: Francie, Percy W., 
Roswell S. , Frederick, Charles A. and Robert V. 

Simon P. Scherer, M. D. The younger physicians of Indianapolis have, some of them, 
done as much to give reputation to the medical profession of the city as any of their older 
professional brethren, and one of the brightest, best informed and most promising of this 
class is Dr. Simon P. Scherer, who was born in Tipton County, Ind., August 26, 1865, a son 
of the Rev. Ambrose H. and Sarah E. (Patton) Scherer. Rev. Ambrose Hinkle Scherer was 
born in Guilford County, N. C, November 22, 1822, and died April 14, 1892, at Sharpsville, 
Tipton County. At the age of twelve years he removed with his parents to Tennessee, where 
he remained three years. . He then came to Hendricks County, Ind., in which State he lived 
until the day of his death. At the age of seventeen years he united with the English Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church. He studied theology under the direction and tutorage of Rev. 
Jacob Scherer, his uncle, at Olney, 111. He was regularly licensed to preach the gospel at 
the second session of the synod of northern Indiana, held at Columbia City, Ind., in 1849, 
and was ordained at Ladoga, Ind., in 1852. His first charge was the Bethel Church, in 
Morgan County, Ind., which church he organized. This charge he served one year, when 
he moved to New Loudon, Ind., organized Union Church, and supplied with it several 



'ft. J - 1 ' 



»■•'■•.' 

" X. 

r *j ■» • . 

.,.*■■' 

> r - 



r 



( . 



/ 






y 

V 

v 



; -V 






f ' 



/ 



'1 ' ■ 



F'. 



* . : 



196 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 



neighboring points for live years. This work of organizing churches in central Indiana, 
acting as a missionary, and most of the time without any assistance from the board of home 
i * missions, he was engaged in until the day of his death. Seventeen churches stand to-day in 

^V Morgan, Madison, Hendricks, Hamilton, Tipton, Howard and adjoining counties, as the result of 

^\ his early, self-sacrificing and earnest work. In the organization of several of the above named 

3& churches, Mr. Scherer was assisted by the venerable " Father* ' Wells. Three years ago he 

^ • was stricken with paralysis, when in the midst of his last work — the organization of St. 

[ Peter's Church, in Sbarpsville, Ind., and the erection of the church building. At its oom- 

p. pletion and dedication, in June, 1890, he felt that his life-work was accomplished and resigned 

himself to the call of God. He was married to Sarah Patton, a native of Maryland, in Car- 
roll County, October 9, 1850, and his widow and ten children survive him, remembering him 
as a devoted husband and most indulgent father. Dr. Scherer was reared amid all the 
advantages of a cultured Christian household, in the county of his birth, and was educated 
in the common and graded schools of Sbarpsville, and at the county normal school. He 
remained on his father's farm until he was twenty-two years old, and then, going to Indian- 
apolis, was for a year a student in a prominent business college. The next year he spent in 
reading medicine under the direction of Drs. Heath and Bubush, of Sharpsville. Then, 
returning to Indianapolis, he continued his medical studies with Drs. Todd and Maxwell 
and entered the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons in the fall of 1889, and was 
£-." graduated therefrom with honors, as the valedictorian of his class, in March, 1891. In 1890 

he was, for about seven months, employed as a drug clerk and assistant at the city dispen- 
sary, a connection that was of much practical benefit to him in the prosecution of his studies. 
Immediately after his graduation he entered upon the practice of his profession in Indian 
apolis. His standing as a practitioner is indicated by the following facts: He is attend- 
ing physician to the polyclinic of the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons, a 
member of the Marion County Medical Society and a member of the Indiana State Medical 
Society. He was married October 14. 1891, to Miss Allie J. Culley, a native of Monroe 
County, Ind., and a daughter of James and Elizabeth (Field) Culley, both of whom were 
born in this State,' the former being now dead and the latter a resident of Indianapolis. 
Dr. Scherer is a member of the Presbyterian Church; his wife is identified with the Christian 
Church. In politics the Doctor is Republican. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., and 
is connected with other worthy organizations. As a citizen he is zealous for the public 
good and has ever contributed his full share to the furtherance of all worthy objects and 
measures. 

Alfred R. Hovey is one of the leading lawyers of Indianapolis, and the firm of Hard- 
ing & Hovey, of which he is a member, is the second oldest law firm in the city. Mr. Hovey 
comes of the best American stock. His father is Goodwin S. Hovey. His mother was 
Salina Weed, a daughter of Reuben Weed and a relative of the late Hon. Thurlow Weed 
and Smith M. Weed, of New York, men of national fame. On his mother's side Mr. Hovey 
can trace his ancestry in America back to 1635. The Weed family are of revolutionary 
memory and Mr. Hovey's great-grandfather was an officer in a Connecticut regiment and 
as such risked his life in defense of American independence. Reuben Weed, Mr. Hovey's 
maternal grandfather, was a judge in Allegany County, N. Y. His great-grandfather was 
one of the early judges in Wyoming, in eastern Pennsylvania, and his family were there at 
the time of the historic Wyoming Massacre, south of the present Wyoming County, on the 
bank of the Susquehanna, opposite Wilkesbarre. At that time Judge Gore was in the revo- 
lutionary army. The Hovey family are of Anglo-Saxon origin. Three brothers came to 
America in the seventeenth century, one locating in Massachusetts, one in Vermont and one 
in Connecticut, and from the latter descended the line of which Alfred R. Hovey is repre- 
sentative. From the time of his great-grandfather, the Hoveys and many of the families 
with which they have intermarried, have lived in New York State. Some of them were 
among the early settlers in Wyoming County, the very garden spot of the State. With 
others, some of Mr. Hovey's maternal ancestors made a trade with the Indians, under 
authority of the general Government, and secured much valuable land in Cayuga County, 
N. Y., upon which they erected houses, barns, and fences and made other improvements. 
There was a conflict of authority which has become historical, and under orders from Gov. 



r 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



197 



De Witt Clinton, the sheriff of Cayuga County was ordered to proceed to the neighborhood 
and burn out these sturdy settlers whom it had been found impossible to dispossess by milder 
means. Even this harsh measure did not succeed, for, bereft of house and home, Mr. 
Hovey's ancestor and his companions retained possession of and protected their title to their 
lands. This ancestor, Elisha Durkey, was a member of the general assembly of New 
York. Mr. Hovey has in his possession a letter concerning the burning of the farm- 
houses written by his great-grandfather 101 years ago. Mr. Hovey's paternal grand- 
father, Alfred Hovey, was, at the time of his death, principal of the old Binghampton, 
N. Y., Academy, and had been for fourteen years. He was a civil engineer of the finest 
attainments, and in his professional capacity made surveys for several canals in the State of 
New York and of the Saginaw Canal in Michigan, and made the first survey for the Erie 
Railway west from Binghampton. Goodwin S. Hovey, father of the immediate subject of 
this sketch, was born and reared and has always lived in New York. His earlier years were 
spent in the lumber business and he is now living, retired from active business, in the little 
old town of Dalton. He is the owner of considerable property gained by the industry and 
prudence of his active years. Always prominent where he has been known he has countless 
times been solicited to accept public office, but has never been prevailed upon to do so 
except when he consented to take the office of township supervisor, to which he was 
successively elected, an office involving grave responsibilities under the laws of New 
York. Very active in religious matters, he has always been a liberal supporter of 
churches and for more than twenty- five years has been a Sunday-school superintendent. 
Formerly he was a Free Soil Democrat, but since the organization of the Republican party has 
affiliated with it and exerted all his influence in support of the principles it has represented. 
Goodwin S. and Salina (Weed) Hovey had one son and two daughters. Of the latter Helen 
B. married Fernando Baldwin, a prosperous farmer, living near Dalton, N. Y. ; Minnie L. 
is the wife of Lorenzo S. Gelser, one of the leading business men of Filmore, N. Y.; Alfred 
R. Hovey was reared at the family home in New York State and was educated at the Alfred 
University, Alfred, N. Y. After teaching school a* couple of years in his native State he 
taught for a year at Sycamore, 111., meantime reading law. In November, 1877, be came to 
Indianapolis and pursued the study of law under the direction of Hon. Lucian Barbour. 
In May, 1878, he was admitted to practice in the District and Circuit Courts of the United 
States, He remained with Mr. Barbour until October, 1879. The firm of Harding & Hovey 
was organized in 1880. Mr. Hovey is popular at the bar and no less so in commercial and 
social circles. Following in the footsteps of his father, he is a stanch Republican. He was 
the first president of the Marion Club, the most active Republican organization in the city, 
and in 1892 was nominated by his party for presidential elector. He is a K. of P. and a 
member of the Masonic fraternity. He was married in November, 1882, to Miss Sylvia M. 
Wade, a native of Champaign County, Ohio, and has two children, Maude, aged eight, and 
Goodwin S., aged two. The late Gov. Hovey was a descendant from the same old Hovey 
family from which Alfred R. Hovey descended. 

Daniel N. Brown, D. D. S. The calling of the dentist is a most important one and to 
become thoroughly grounded in this branch of medical science, requires years of arduous 
study. To attain perfection as an operator, requires not only natural aptitude but experi- 
ence as a practitioner, and all their requirements are possessed or have been fulfilled by Dr. 
Daniel N. Brown who is one of the highly regarded professional men of the city of Indian- 
apolis. The town of Brownsville, Ind., gave him birth August 23, 1855, and the "Hoosier 
State" has been his home up to the present time. The family of which he is a member 
was among the first to settle in the State and for many years they were prominently con- 
nected with the history of Union County. The paternal grandfather, William Brown, was 
a native of North Carolina and after locating in Union County, Ind., he entered land from 
the Government, which he cleared and converted into a fine farm. He resided on this home- 
stead for many years or until his death which occurred at the patriarchal age of ninety-six 
years. A part of the old house first erected on the place and occupied by him is still stand- 
ing. He was a man of intelligence, enterprising, industrious and frugal, and as a natural 
sequence, he accumulated a comfortable competency. He was an uncle of Gen. Ambrose Burn- 
side. He was active in the affairs of his section, was interested in the political affairs of 



198 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

his day, and held the office of county treasurer and was several terms county commissioner. 
The parents of the subject of the sketch, Thomas E. and Mary J. (Brown) Brown, were 
born in Indiana, and from this State the father enlisted in the service of his country at the 
opening of the Rebellion, and was in the service from 1861 to 1865, participating in many 
hard fought and bloody combats. He was seriously wounded in the engagement at Mission 
Ridge, being shot through the hip and back, and as he was unable to make his escape, he was 
captured and taken as a prisoner of war to Andersonville, in which foul pen he was confined for 
eight months. He is now much broken in health from the hardships, toils, and privations of 
army life and from the effects of the untold privations he endured while in prison. He and 
his worthy wife are now living in retirement at Liberty, Ind. The early days of Dr. 
Daniel N. Brown, were spent in Union County, in the public schools of which he obtained 
a fair knowledge of the English branches, after which he finished his education in the high 
school of Liberty, from which he graduated. At the early age of seventeen he engaged in 
teaching the "young idea " and continued to follow this occupation during the winter months 
for about four years, the summer seasons being devoted to the study of dentistry, which 
profession he had decided to make his life work, his preceptor being Dr. S. C. Carter, now 
of Minneapolis, Minn. In 1877 he began practicing his profession at Dublin, Ind., but one 
year later came to Indianapolis and became associated with Dr. B. B. Eaton, with whom 
he contined to labor until the latter' s death. Soon after this he entered the office of Dr. 
Talbot with whom he remained until the latter sold out his business and moved from the city. 
Following this Dr. Brown went to Cincinnati and for two years thereafter worked for the 
Ohio Steam Dental Company and at the expiration of this time located at Portland, Ind. 
(in 1881) where he opened an office of his own and practiced his profession until 1888. At 
the end of that time he returned to Indianapolis and accepted a position with the New 
York Steam Dental Company, but in the winter of 1891 he again opened an office of his own 
and has built up an extensive and paying patronage. He is skillful and thorough in his 
work, anxious to please and willing to out himself to any trouble to do so, the result being 
that he has made money and has accumulated considerable property in Indianapolis. He 
was married on December 25, 1881 to Miss Lillie B. Ellis, native of Darke County, Ohio, and 
a daughter of Micajah and Mary J. Ellis, and to their union four children have been given: 
Pearl M., Thomas M., Goldie V. and Ernest Max. Mr. Brown is a member of the Marion 
Lodge, No. 1, of the K. of P., Uniformed Rank Indianapolis Division No. 2. He is a past 
Commander of the grand order of the G. C, and he and his wife are members of the Myrtle 
Temple No. 7, Pythian Sisters. In the Uniformed Rank of the K. of P. he has served as 
keeper of records, and he was also a member of the Drill Team, No. 18, which participated in 
and won the prize drill at Kansas City. The Doctor and his wife are members of the Friend's 
Church, and in politics he is a Republican. 

D. A. Myers. One of the well-known attorneys at law of Indianapolis who commands 
the respect as well as the admiration of his brother practitioners is D. A. Myers, who stands 
as a living refutation of the popular idea that " there is no honest lawyer." His birth 
occurred at Gettysburg, Ohio, February 28, 1848, a son of Scipio and Mary (Campbell) 
Myers, the former of whom was born on what afterward became the battle-field of Gettys- 
burg, Penn. , tbe latter' s birth occurring near that place. This worthy couple, in company 
with some of their Pennsylvania neighbors, moved by wagon to Darke County, Ohio, where 
they took up their residence on a farm, their ueighbors settling in the same vicinity. They 
established the town of Gettysburg, Ohio, and named the township Adams in honor of their 
old home in Pennsylvania. Scipio Myers manifested his patriotism at tbe opening of the 
Civil War by enlisting in the Forty-fourth Ohio Infantry and re-enlisting in January, 1864, in 
the Eighth Ohio Cavalry service, and was in the command of Gen. Phil Sheridan to the 
close of the war. After his return home at the close of hostilities, he was elected to the 
State Legislature from Darke County, and in this capacity, as well as that of a soldier, his 
duties were discharged faithfully, earnestly and efficiently. He is still a resident of Darke 
County and is retired from the active duties of life and in the enjoyment of the fruits of a 
life well spent. He and six children survive the wife and mother, who died in September, 
1892, and all reside near Gettysburg, Ohio, with the exception of D. A. Myers. He was 
brought up on his father's farm and in early life attended the public schools, finishing his 



I THE NEW YORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY, 

ASTOR. LENOX A*^) 



THEODORE V. DENNY. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



199 



education in and graduating from the Iowa State University in June, 1874. The following 
year he graduated from the law department of the State University at that place, after which 
he came to Indianapolis, a total stranger, and entered upon the practice of his profession. 
Unlike the majority of young attorneys he was not compelled to wait long for clients, and 
his agreeable manners and undoubted ability soon won him recognition at the bar, a reputa- 
tion which has known no diminution since that time. His practice extends in nearly all 
the courts. He is a forcible speaker and pleader, and in the advocacy of cases before a jury 
he is especialy strong and successful. His legal training has been careful and thorough, 
which enables him to grasp and easily solve the most complicated legal questions into their 
elementary constituted principles. He is attorney for three of the leading building and 
loan associations of the city, as well as for a number of its most prominent business firms. 
He enjoys the confidence and esteem of all thp brethren of the legal profession, and in all 
matters looking to the advancement and welfare of the community he has always been prompt 
and liberal. In 1879 Miss Mattie Wolf, who resided in the vicinity of Indianapolis, became his 
wife, and to their union two children have been given: Ernest and Tyner. Mr. Myers and 
his wife are church members. 

Theodoke Vernon Denny and Elizabeth (McLaughlin) Denny. It is- always a pleasure 
to deal with the history of one of those grand old pioneer families that have been distin- 
guished for patriotism, the genuine spirit of Christianity and the strong characteristics which 
have made its members men and women of mark. When a citizen of worth and character 
has departed from this life, it is meet that those who survive him should keep in mind his 
life work, and should hold up to the knowledge and emulation of the young his virtues and 
the characteristics which distinguished him and made him worthy the esteem of his neighbors. 
We, therefore, present to our readers a narrative of the life of the representative pioneer, 
Theodore Vernon Denny. This highly honored and eminently useful member of society was 
a native of the Old Bay State, born in the town of Leicester, the seat of an academy, then, 
and long after, noted for the thoroughness of its preparatory instruction as well as for having 
laid the educational foundation of many men renowned in statesmanship, in letters, and in 
the learned professions. Like all thorough going institutions of learning, Leicester Academy 
imparted a high moral tone, a culture, to the people of its immediate neighborhood, by mere 
absorption if not by actual contact. To this day, though the academy has no longer its 
prominence nor its prestige, the town still retains all the characteristics of a literary cen- 
ter. Theodore Vernon Denny partook of the academic instruction of his native town, 
though not so liberally as did his brothers and sisters, who became teachers, bankers, 
merchants, manufacturers and capitalists. The religious and practically missionary spirit 
was strongly manifested throughout the family. Without exception, its members were 
orderly, industrious, independent, respected and influential. The family was a large one. 
It may be found to-day with creditable representatives, in large numbers, in Leicester in the 
neighboring cities of Worcester and Boston, and scattered throughout Massachusetts and 
Maine, and indeed all New England, with a not inconsequent delegation in the Middle, 
North-western and Southern States. The family traces its genealogy to John Denny; who 
received from King Henry VI, a grant of land in Combs. Suffolk County, England, in 1439. 
It is a curious fact characteristic of its English strain and of its conservative and cautious 
tendencies, that lineal descendants of John Denny still own and occupy that particular land. 

Theodore Vernon Denny had within himself, to a greater extent than any of his collateral 
kindred, the constituent elements of the pioneer in civilization. He remained in his parental 
home until he attained his majority. Upon attaining his twenty- first birth-day he gave way 
to his longing for that broader, less restrained and less conventional life to be found in the 
then far West. Early in 1821, when John Hobart, a neighbor and companion from child- 
hood, he abandonded his native town. They made their toilsome journey to Ohio, where they 
remained for a year without settled residence, and then in pursuance of their original impulse, 
they pushed on to Indiana, to seek a permanent home, and as they fondly hoped, to lay the 
foundation for moderate fortunes, in the capital of the new State. They bought land, cov- 
ered with a dense, dark forest, near the town of Indianapolis. The residence of these two 
families in Marion County date from 1822. Mr. Denny's land was located about three 
miles southeast from the court-house. The Cincinnati branch of the Big Four and the Belt 



200 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

railroads cross on the Denny farm. When the road to Cincinnati was built it ran through 
the old farm-house, necessitating the building of a new. When the Belt road was built it 
ran over the spot where the new was built, necessitating its removal. Near this spot Mr. 
Denny started in a settled life. On the 30th day of March, 1823, he married Miss Elizabeth 
McLaughlin, a member of the family and a niece of William McLaughlin who came to this 
county in 1821, and who lived near. Mr. Denny participated, as one of the original mem- 
bers, in the organization of the First Baptist Church of Indianapolis. According to facts and 
dates given in Col. Holloway's History of Indianapolis, It appears that this is the second 
church, now in existence, organized in the capital. In 1825, his wife who had previously 
been a Methodist, united with this congregation. For many years this husband and wife re- 
mained earnest and efficient members of that society ; and then, to aid a weaker one, removed 
their membership to the Lick Creek Baptist church, an organization old enough to have 
figured at the constitution of the First Baptist Church of Indianapolis. Mr. Denny was 
a farmer, and an intelligent man, prominent in the councils of his fellows, and in school, 
church, and political matters. He was well read in the current topics of the day, and he was 
always prepared for the most intelligent adversary in the discussion of any social, political 
or theological question. His reasoning was fearless, clear and convincing. He was too bold 
a man to truckle for favor. He never held an office higher than that of school director, and 
he never sought one. He was exacting in his expectations of just treatment from others, and 
in his requirements of the conduct and associations of his children. He was a stern adher- 
ent to any cause or doctrine that seemed to him to be right. He lived in a time when theo- 
logical controversy was an absorbing occupation, and no man, not a professional controver- 
sialist, could maintain his side of a theological argument with greater force. He was a 
stanch Whig, and had an intelligent comprehension of the doctrines and tendencies of that 
party. He did not live to witness its extinction. He was a pronounced anti -slavery man, 
but did not sympathize with the lawless methods of the Abolitionists. Earnest in his 
opinions that the newly opened Territory should not be contaminated with slavery, it cannot 
be doubted that, had he lived, he would have espoused warmly every position of social or 
economic doctrine taken by the Republican party. He lived to see four children from his 
family of eight, attain mature years and start in life apart from the parental roof. One day 
he complained of feeling ill, but took his axe and went to the woods to drive away ill feeling 
by hard work. That effort no doubt hastened his death. He was immediately prostrated 
by a fever from which he died, on January 19, 1854. His remains were interred iu the church 
yard of the Lick Creek Baptist church. After the establishment of Crown Hill Cemetery, 
the body was removed to the family lot in that beautiful resting place. * 

As we have already seen, the maiden name of Mrs. Elizabeth Denny was McLaughlin. 
She was born in Washington County, Kentucky, March 24, 1805. When but nine years of age 
she lost her father and mother in a fatal epidemic then prevailing. Her uncle, William Mc- 
Laughlin, took her to his home in Fayette County, Ohio. There she lived for four years, and 
then moved with her uncle's family to a point near Rushville, Ind., where they resided until 
1821. From there they removed to Indianapolis, then containing but six houses, and settled 
on a farm two miles southeast from the village. Through that land now passes the Michi- 
gan road, the Bent railroad, and that beautiful stream appropriately named "Pleasant Run.' ' 
The farm is yet well known as the "McLaughlin Farm" and is chiefly owned by members of 
the family. There Elizabeth lived until her marriage with Theodore V. Denny. The relig- 
ious and moral training of this young woman as well as her inherent strength of character, 
fitted her for the arduous tasks that lay before her. In her home in the wilderness, with 
hardship and without material comfort, she and her husband struggled to build up a home. 
Eleven children were born to her, three of whom died in infancy. Her aim was then to rear 
and guard from physical and moral ill the eight who remained. It is enough to say of 
Elizabeth Denny that no one could ever point to a mean or dishonorable act of any child 
of hers. The death of her husband left Mrs. Denny with a small farm, not over fertile, 
with a debt of nearly $1,000; with four children not of age and one a helpless infant, 
and with the certainty of a future struggle for existence and for an honorable and respected 
place in the community. She took up her burden with courage, and carried it to the end. 
In a few years she relieved ber husband's estate from debt; in time she educated her 



ELIZABETH DEKNY. 



T i * i 



i ." V/ YORK 
t Jbi iu LijaAa i, 

TlLQt.N FOiJ. 






AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 201 

younger children beyond the limit adopted by her abler neighbors. She showed executive 
and business capacity of a high order and lived on the portion of the farm allotted to her in 
the partition, tilled it, marketed the produce, and had money at interest. In 1873, just 
before the inception of the great financial depression, by the fortunate disposal of her land, 
she became as affluent as she had been poor. She did not wait her death for the distribution 
of her estate; but divided the most of it, equally among her children — giving liberal gifts, 
however, in the mean time, to Franklin College, to the South Street Baptist Church, and to 
the Home and the Foreign Missionary Societies of her church, objects in which she felt the 
warmest interest. Lick Creek Baptist Church, to which she belonged at the time of her hus- 
band's death, affected perhaps* by the more convenient location of other churches, and by a 
changed population influenced by the neighborhood of a large city, relapsed into desuetude 
and dissolved. She reunited with the First Baptist Church and remained in it, as a member, 
as long as she lived. Her death occurred October 6, 1890, and she was buried at her hus- 
band's side, in Crown Hill Cemetery. The children born to this worthy couple are named in 
order of birth as follows: Martha A., wife of John Wade Thompson of Indianapolis; Joseph 
A., of Lake City, Iowa; William C, of Indianapolis; Lucinda A., wife of Joshua H. Vande- 
man, of Warren township, this county; Austin F. and Albert W., both of Indianapolis. 
Besides the living children of this pioneer couple, their living descendants number nineteen 
grandchildren and sixteen great-grandchildren. 

Dr. Thomas B. Harvey. There are physicians and '•doctors." The public faith in 
men so-called is almost unbounded, but it is not deserved in equal degree by all such. There 
are pretenders in every profession and business. Indianapolis has, from its pioneer days, 
been most fortunate in the number, character and skill of her family physicians, and among 
them was the ideal family physician, Dr. Thomas B. Harvey, who was both a physician 
and the son of a physician. His father, Dr. Jesse Harvey, a member of the Society of 
Friends, was a noted Abolitionist and philanthropist, an educator wLo taught the first school 
in Ohio to which colored children were admitted and a missionary among the Indians of 
Kansas, where he died in 1848. His maternal grandmother, Mrs. Burgess, a Virginian, 
when her father's estate was divided, received her patrimony in slaves, whom she brought to 
Ohio and gave their liberty in a land of freedom. The mother of Dr. Harvey was, like his 
father, of Quaker stock and she fully sympathized with the latter in his humanitarian efforts 
and lived a life of self-denial that he might the more easily carry on his self -chosen work for 
mankind. When he died the family were left in straitened circumstances and were obliged 
to practice the most rigid economy. Dr. Harvey's means of literary education were restricted 
to evening reading, and early in life he addicted himself to a habit learned from his mother 
of studying far into the night. From his father he had inherited a natural inclination and 
talent for scientific research especially in the domain of medicine and surgery. In 1846, at 
the age of nineteen (for he was born in Clinton County, Ohio, November 29, 1827), he began 
the study of medicine, and he graduated from the Miami Medical College in the spring of 
1851 and located at Plainfield, Ind.. where he remained ten years, building up a large 
practice and identifying himself with all the interests of the town. He was a part of its 
social and educational life, and organized a literary society which was maintained with 
weekly meetingR during the entire period of his residence in Plainfield. Those ten years 
passed in Hendricks County constituted a period of intelligent and busy apprenticeship. 
The spirit and sentiment which had led his grandmother to free her slaves and had impelled 
his father to give up much of his devoted life to the education of the negro was alive and 
quickened in Dr. Harvey by the outbreak of the Civil War. His call was not to the front and in 
the field, but to the State Capital where he was appointed examining surgeon for the Indian- 
apolis district, a position which he held to the close of the war, and which led him to remove 
his household to Indianopolis, where he resided thereafter until his death. Following the 
war came the revival in literary aud professional education which has resulted in so much 
good to every department of human endeavor. By nature and inheritance Dr. Harvey was a 
teacher. This was first manifested during his residence at Plainfield, not alone in the organ- 
ization and long maintenance of the literary society mentioned, but as well in his activity in 
bringing info existence the Hendricks Connty Medical Society, of which he was the first 
president and which he did much to make studious, harmonious and progressive by the 



202 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

establishment of a winter course of lectures, weekly, for the benefit of students and neigh- 
boring physicians, and by other scarcely less effective means. When, in 1869, the Indiana 
Medical College was organized, Dr. Harvey was elected to the chair of medical and surgical 
diseases of women, which he held until his death. For twenty years he lectured in his 
chosen specialty and was particularly anxious to complete the course in which Death found 
him engaged, remarking frequently to his family and friends that he might after having so 
done, be willing to retire from the exciting work of a didactic course. In the palmy days of 
the old Indiana Medical College, it was not uncommon for Dr. Harvey to hold a clinic for 
hours, comprising the whole range of medical diseases. It has been related that, once in 
1876, when there was some difficulty as to the hospital clinics* and the faculty of the Indiana 
Medical College had withdrawn from the hospital staff, Dr. Harvey appeared before the class 
and said: "Gentlemen, you need not concern yourself about clinical material, my associates 
and I have not practiced twenty years among the poor of this county to find ourselves at this 
time unknown and unappreciated. Let it be but once announced that there will be free 
clinics on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons at the Indiana Medical College, and there will 
be abundant material in our ante-rooms." Under this arrangement he then presented cases 
from 3o' clock until dark and was not able to treatall the waiting patients who were thus enabled 
to avail themselves without charge of this great knowledge and skill. His clinics at the city 
dispensary for women were never neglected, nor those at the city hospital, where every 
Wednesday for twenty- five years he was in attendance, attracting always a large concourse of 
students from all the medical schools of the city as well as many active practitioners. He 
was distinctively a family physician , and as such he combined all the qualities that go to make 
up the highest conceivable professional type. No man ever rated his profession more highly. 
He loved his work with an unsparing and increasing devotion, and more than forty years in it 
found him as full of enthusiasm and anxiety to improve as when he began it. He loved his 
work for itself and not for any pecuniary reward or honor that it might bring him. He 
regarded it as a sacred trust, ennobled it in his own mind and gave the utmost powers of his 
heart and brain to it. To uphold the dignity of the profession, to enhance its character and 
to widen its scope and grasp, was a burden always borne upon his heart. To produce edu- 
cated physicians with noble aspirations and broad culture, to elevate the standard of profes- 
sional requirements, were objects that appealed to his whole nature, and he counted no per- 
sonal cost too dear that aided it. Not only was he the chief spirit in organizing the 
Hendricks County Medical Society of which he was president and before which he read the 
first paper, but he also aided in the organization of the Indianapolis Academy of Medicine, which 
was afterward merged into the Marion County Medical Society; was a member of the Indiana 
State Medical Society, the American Medical Association and the Mississippi Valley Medical 
Society. In 1880 he was elected president of the Indiana State Medical Society. In 1886 
the degree of LL. D. was conferred upon him by the Indiana State University. In 1888 he 
was a delegate from the Indiana State Medical Society to the International Medical Congress 
held at Washington, D. C. He was a permanent dean of the faculty of the Indiana Medical 
College. Nothing could induce him to forego his lectures and clinics, though often he was 
worn out with overwork and should have been in bed or recreating free from professional 
cares. "I will finish my twentieth year" said he to his family "before I resign my chair. " 
Upon the afternoon upon which he was stricken he said to his son Jesse, in the ante-room: 
"I hope to get through this lecture all right. It is an important subject and I am going to 
cite some cases I reported to the St. Louis meeting of the American Medical Association." 
In a brief half-hour he lay unconscious in the arms of his son and his fellow students and 
was transferred to the clinical chair on which he had examined scores of patients. Even as 
he was wheeled from the amphitheatre he asked for his notes and attempted to assort and 
arrange them, intent only on the work he had been striving to do until the surging stream 
that destroying his noble brain had overwhelmed the remotest chamber of thought and action, 
and he passed into unconsciousness and silence. At 8 o'clock on the evening of that day 
(December 5, 1889), he died. While a resident of Plaiufield Dr. Harvey married Miss 
Delitha Butler, who with two sons and a daughter, Lawson, Jesse and Elizabeth, survive 
him. Another son, Frank, who had determined on a medical career, was drowned during 
his sophomore year at Harvard. Dr. Harvey made many contributions to the Marion County 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 203 

Medical Society, but few of them have been published. Among his papers contributed to 
the Indiana State Medical Society and published in its transactions, are the following: In 
1861, "Report on New Remedies;" in 1863, ' 'Puerperal Eclarap8ea; ,, in 1871, "Prevention 
of Lacerations of the Cervi Uteri;'' in 1887, "Ovarian Diseases Complicated with Preg- 
nancy;" in 1888, "Conditions Rendering Diagnosis Difficult in Pelvic and Abdominal 
Diseases. " 

Jess£ Butler Harvey, M. D. Men do not choose professions under accidental circum- 
stances, or if they do, their names almost invariably become enrolled on the list of lamentable 
failures. In writing the biographies of the "successes' ' in the different avocations, we write 
for future as well as present readers; and they will ask "why successful, and howf ' In 
answering this question it is but necessary to tell something of the career of Dr. Jesse But- 
ler Harvey, who was born in Indianapolis November 4, 1864, a son of Dr. Thomas B. and 
Delitha (Butler) Harvey, the former of whom was a leading practitioner of the city for many 
years and a sketch of whom appears in this volume. Dr. Jesse B. Harvey was educated in 
the public and high schools of Indianapolis, after which he entered Earlham College, where 
he pursued the scientific course three years. He then began the study of medicine with his 
father, from whom he had inherited a decided taste for the profession, his kind heart natu- 
rally turning to that field of human suffering for his life work, and in 1889 he entered the 
Indiana Medical College and after a thorough three year's course, graduated in March, 1892, 
at which time he received the appointment from the Government as assistant surgeon at the 
National Military Home at Marion, Ind.. in which capacity he served one year. In the win- 
ter of 1892-93 he went to the city of New York where he took a post-graduate course and 
aKso attended the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, from which institutions he received cer- 
tificates. He returned to Indianapolis at once and entered upon an extensive general prac- 
tice which has since known no diminution. As a physician his rank is among the first in 
the city. His diagnosis of disease is comprehensive, accurate and quick, his application of 
remedies speedy and bold, and the result is that his patronage is continually and rapidly 
growing in proportions, and in proportion he is prospering financially. He is fully abreast 
of the latest discoveries in medical science and is absorbed in his profession. He has found 
that to be successful necessitates continuous study, and therefore is a deep and earnest reader 
and carefully and conscientiously studies each case that is placed under his care. He is a 
member of the Marion County Medical Society and while attending medical college in In- 
diana he was a druggist and clinical assistant of a city dispensary for one year. He was 
married June 21, 1893, to Miss Elenora Warner, of Chicago, a native of Springfield, Ohio, 
and a daughter of Simeon and Rebecca (Harrison) Warner, who were also born in the Buck- 
eye State. In politics the Doctor is a Republican although he is by no means a partisan or 
a politician. 

Alonzo A. Zion, master of transportation of the Indianapolis Union Railroad, was born 
in Lebanon, Ind., July 23, 1846, a son of William Zion, who located in Boone County, Ind., 
in 1834, to which region he came from east Virginia, where he was born January 19, 1812, 
and died March 15, J 880, in Boone County. He was a blacksmith by trade, but later 
engaged in general merchandising, a calling which received more or less of his attention the 
remainder of his life. He was a man of great energy and public spirit, and held various offi- 
cial positions in his section, among which was county sheriff from 1836 to 1840, and at vari- 
ous times for many years he was postmaster at Lebanon. He was for a long period railroad 
agent at Lebanon, and he was one of the active promoters of the old Lafayette & Indian- 
apolis Railroad, and was one of the directors of the road. The town of Zionsville was named 
in his honor. He was a Republican in politics, was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and 
in this honorable secret organization, took some of the highest degrees. He was noted for 
his benevolence, in fact, he was charitable to a fault, and his friends were legion. He was 
married to Miss Amelia Sims, who was born in Brookville, Ind., May 29, 1814, their union 
taking place on December 13, 1832, at Rushville, Rush County, Ind. To their union seven 
sons and four daughters were born, of whom the immediate subject of this sketch was the 
seventh in order of birth. The mother is still living, and is a devout member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church of many years standing. Alonzo A. Zion inherited German blood 
from his father, and English from his mother, a combination that made him a decided, ener- 



1 



204 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

getic, pushing and enterprising man. He attended the schools of his native town until he 
attained his thirteenth year, then entered railroad service, and in 1859 commenced to learn 
telegraphy in the office of the old Lafayette & Indianapolis Railroad, where he remained 
until 1863. He then entered the service of the United States Military Telegraph as an oper- 
ator, and was on duty in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, as well as a number of other 
southern States. He was on the battle-fields of Nashville and Cleveland, Tennessee and De- 
catur, Ala. , and although his duties as military telegraph operator was considered very dan- 
gerous service, he fulfilled his duties unflinchingly, and escaped unharmed. He received an 
honorable discharge in March, 1864, after which he was appointed agent of the Indianapolis, 
Cincinnati & Lafayette Railroad at Lebanon, Ind., and became freight agent of the Big Four 
road at Indianapolis in 1874. When the Belt Railroad was completed he was appointed chief 
train dispatcher November 11, 1877, which position he held until the Indianapolis Union 
purchased the Belt Railroad, when he received the appointment to the responsible position 
he now holds. He has served two years on the school. board of West Indianapolis as treas- 
urer, and the ably conducted schools which are in vogue at the present time are in a great 
measure due to the efforts of Mr. Zion, and to the building of the pleasant, commodious and 
light school-houses which were erected through his energy and push. September 1, 1868, 
he was married to Miss Anna Morris, a daughter of Peter and Esther Morris, of Lebanon, 
Ind., her birth having occurred in Columbus, Ind., June 11, 1849, and their son Eddie A.,was 
born November 6, 1869, and died September 7, 1890, his nntimely death being deeply 
mourned by all who knew him. Harry F. was born August 29, 1875. The elder son was a 
fireman on the Union Railroad at the time of his death, a position his brother Harry holds at 
the present time. Mr. and Mrs. Zion and Harry can each use a telegraph key in an expert 
manner. Mr. Zion has passed through the chairs of Lebanon Lodge, No. 48, and Magnolia 
Encampment, No. 45, of the I. O. O. F., and has represented both in the grand lodge 
and grand encampment of the State. He is a trustee of West Indianapolis Lodge, No. 244 
of the K. of P., and is also a member of Comanche Tribe, No. 128, I. O. R. M., 
in which he has passed all the chairs, and has also represented this tribe in the Great 
Council of the State. He is a member of the Train Dispatcher's Association of North 
America, of which he was president two terms, and he was also one of its promoters and 
organizers. Mr. Zion is a man who keeps thoroughly posted and up with the times, is ener- 
getic and pushing, and being in the full vigor of manhood he has many years of usefulness 
before him. He understands his business thoroughly, can be relied upon at all times, and 
is one of the thoroughly popular officials of the road with which he has so long been con- 
nected. 

Ovid Butler. This distinguished lawyer, journalist and philanthropist was born at 
Augusta, N. Y., February 7, 1801, and died at Indianapolis, July 12. 1881. He was a son 
of Rev. Chauncey Butler, the first pastor of the Disciples Church of Indianapolis, who died 
in 1840. His grandfather, Capt. Joel Butler, who was a revolutionary soldier and served 
at Quebec, died in 1822. In 1817 the family removed from New York to Jennings County, 
Iud. , where Ovid Butler grew up and was educated according to his opportunities, and taught 
school and read law. He settled at Shelby ville in 1825. and practiced his profession there 
until 1836, when he removed to Indianapolis. He continued his practice in that city until 
compelled to retire on account of ill health in 1849, having as partners Calvin Fletcher, 
Simon Yanders and Horatio C. Newcomb, successively, and during this period he built up 
a large and lucrative clientage. As a lawyer, Mr. Butler excelled as a counsellor and in the 
preparation of cases. With not many of the graces of the orator, his style was concise and 
strong, neither humorous nor ornate but logical and convincing. He was noted for the rest- 
less perseverance with which he pushed every cause through the courts and he was regarded 
as a most formidable antagonist. Few of his competitors at the bar possessed mental 
strength and culture in the same degree and few were so indefatigable in their perseverance. 
During a few years succeeding the Mexican War, while the question of the extension of 
slavery was being agitated, he was active in politics. He established the Free Soil Banner 
at Indianapolis iu 1848. This paper went beyond the mere question of the extension of 
slavery and attacked slavery itself in its stronghold. Its motto was "Free soil, Free States, 
Free Men." Before this humanitarian problem engaged his attention, he had been a 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 205 

Democrat. He served ou the Free Soil electoral ticket and upon important political com- 
mittees and made many speeches in advocacy of the an ti- slavery principle in the campaigns 
of 1848 and 1852. In the year last mentioned he contributed very largely to the fund for 
establishing the Free Soil Democrat which in 1854 was merged into the Indianapolis Jour- 
nal in which Mr. Butler had a controlling interest and which became the organ of the Repub- 
lican party. Mr. Butler also helped to establish an influential Free Soil paper at Cincinnati 
and he was liberal in contributions to and prominent in advocacy of the cause espoused by Louis 
Kossuth upon his memorable visit to America. After his retirement from the bar, he gave 
much attention to the interests of the Christian Church and of the Northwestern Christian Uni- 
versity, now called Butler University. For many years he and some friends had contemplated 
the establishment of an institution such as this university, and the session of the Legislature of 
1849-50 they obtained its charter, which was drafted by Mr. Butler, and which thus 
clearly set forth the object of the University: "An institution of learning of the highest class 
for the education of the youth of all parts of the United States and of the Northwest; to establish 
in said institution departments or colleges for the instruction of students in every branch of 
liberal and professional education; to educate and prepare suitable teachers for the common 
schools of the country; to teach and inculcate the Christian faith and Christian morality as 
taught in the sacred scriptures, discharging as uninspired and without authority all writings, 
formulas, creeds and articles of faith subsequent thereto; and for the promotion of the 
sciences and arts." For twenty years he served as president of the board of directors of 
the university, retiring in 1871 at the age of seventy. In 1827 Mr. Butler married Cordelia 
Cole, who died in 1838. In 1840 he married Mrs. Elizabeth A. Elgin, daughter of the late 
Thomas McQuat, who survived him only a year, dying in 1882. During the latter years of 
his life he sought quiet and retirement and removed his residence from his old home in 
town to his farm north of the city. Here his family assembled, his children and their chil- 
dren, to enjoy his society and pay respect to his wishes in all things. His life was well 
spent and useful, devoted most generously to the good of his fellow- men. 

Henry Cruse, farmer. Although over four-score years have passed over the whitened 
head of this venerable old pioneer, his mind is as keen and as active as in the days of his 
early manhood, and it is only so far as his physical being is concerned that Father Time 
has left his traces. His walk through life has been characterized by a sturdy independence, 
uncompromising honesty, great energy, and the utmost loyalty to his family, his friends and 
his country, and he may truly be said to be a man among men. He is a product of Butler 
County, Ohio, where he was born Febmary 6, 1812, but since 1820 he has been a resident of 
Indiana, at which date he came with his parents to this region, and has ever since resided 
here with the exception of three years which he spent in Illinois. He is a son of Henry and 
Susannah (Cress) Cruse, who were natives of the Buckeye State where they were married 
about the year 1798, and eventually their union resulted in the birth of Ave sons and 
five daughters, of whom Henry was the eighth in order of birth. Their names are as 
follows: Philip, Susannah, Absolom, Leah, Solomon, Joseph, Rachel, Henry (the subject 
of this sketch), John and Levin a, all of whom are now deceased with the exception of Henry. 
The paternal grandparents of the latter were Philip and May (Stumpp) Cruse, natives of 
Germany, who left the home of their birth and crossed the ocean to America about 1725. 
After thirteen weeks on the ocean they reached this country and took up their residence in 
North Carolina, where they each, for seven years afterward, worked for one man in payment 
for their passage thither. They were shortly after married and brought up a large family, 
principally boys, who like their father, who died at the age of one hundred and ten years, 
became blacksmiths by trade. Among these sons was Henry, whose birth occurred about 
1761 in Guilford County, N. C. His union with Miss Cress took place about 1785 in the Old 
North State and there they made their home until their removal to Butler County, Ohio. In 
1816 they took up their residence in Vincennes, Ind., and in 1820 came to Marion County 
where the remainder of their days were spent. Upon the opening of the Black Hawk war 
Henry Cruse enlisted in the service in 1832 and was under the command of Capt. John W. 
Beddin. While fighting the redskins he camped on the ground where the city of Chicago 
now stands, at which time there were 500 regular troops stationed there and the now second 
city in the Union consisted of a few French settlers. After the Indians had been subdued 



206 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Henry returned to his home where he shortly after fell a victim to cupid's darts, and wooed 
and won for his wife Miss Eliza Jane Whitinger, and the two were made one on October 9, 
1834, in Marion County, which has been their home ever since. To them a good old-fash- 
ioned family of fifteen children were given and they were named as follows: Susan, born 
August 2, 1835, was married to Jonathan Campbell in 1861 and is now a resident of Hamil- 
ton County, Ind; Mary Jane, born September 29, 1836, married J. S. Hinshaw in 1858 and 
resides in Hamilton County; Margaret, born December 8, 1837, married James Moulton 
(deceased) in 1857 and is a resident of Indianapolis, Ind. ; Solomon, born August 22, 1839, 
married Nancy Jane Stultz, who is now deceased, and resides in Hamilton County; Leah, 
born September 30, 1841, married Thomas Campbell in 1866 and now lives in Argentine, 
Kan.; Martha, born December 21, 1842, married Jacob Cloe in 1865 and died one year later; 
Absolom was born May 14, 1844, married Myra Vance in 1871 and now lives in Clay County, 
111.; Henry, born November 17, 1845, married Sarah Heaton in 1869 and lives in Clay County, 
III.: Jacob, born December 16, 1847, married Sarah Pierce in 1870 and lives in Hamilton 
County, Ind. ; Daniel, born December 3, 1849, married Lucinda Imbler, and now lives in 
Boone County, Ind.; Sarah, born December 29, 1852, died in infancy; Eliza, born Novem- 
ber 16, 1853, married John Kolyer in 1883 and now lives in Indianapolis; William, born 
November 25, 1855, married Sarah Sutton in 1880 and lives in Marion County, Ind. ; Peter, 
born November 5, 1858, married Ellen Newby in 1879 and lives in Marion County, and 
Thomas, born September 13, 1860, married Delilah Sutton in 1885, and died in 1890. 
Henry, Absolom and Jacob served in*the Civil War, the first two serving in the Seventieth 
Indiana Infantry, and all returned safely to their home with the exception of Henry who 
was wounded in the left leg in one engagement. The mother of this family is a plump and 
active old lady, still capable of doing a considerable amount of hard labor, and bids fair to 
live many years longer. She is a daughter of Henry and Susannah (Ernest) Whitinger, who 
were Ohio people, married in 1813. She had thirteen brothers and three sisters, making a 
family of seventeen children, all of whom lived to maturity, and six of whom are living at 
the present time. Mr. and Mrs. Cruse are the grandparents of eighty-two children and 
have twenty great-grandchildren, which makes their family record almost unparalleled. Mr. 
Cruse' s father and mother lived to be sixty -five and ninety six years respectively while Mrs. 
Cruse' s father lived to be sixty- six years and her mother to the age of ninety-two years. 

Amos W. Fisher, M. D. The field of medicine and surgery has so widened, the reme- 
dies in use being so many, the diseases so numerous and increasing through the modifications 
of life in our growing civilization, aud surgery being applied now in so many cases where 
previously medicines alone were given for relief, that the most conservative of physicians, 
even, have become persuaded that there are potent reasons why there should be specialists 
in the profession. It is manifest that the physician and surgeon who applies himself dili- 
gently to the study and practice of the profession in given forms only should become much 
more expert in them than he would be if he divided his time between all the ills of which flesh 
is heir. Every school of medicine now permits special practice and to this is due much of 
the knowledge and experience that have been given to the world in the past quarter of a 
century. The subject of our sketch, a well known and popular physician of Indianapolis, 
one whose fame and practice extend far out into the States on every side, was born in Preble 
County, Ohio, March 8, 1837 His father, John Fisher, was a farmer by occupation, born 
in Ohio in 1816, of German descent, and died at the age of thirty- three. His wife was Eve 
Raper, a native of Wayne County, Ind, and daughter of John and Elizabeth (Keesling) 
Raper, the former a native of Liverpool, England, who came to America when a lad and 
settled in Wayne County in 1808. Johu Raper was a soldier in the War of 1812, and after 
his death his widow drew a pension. She was a native of Virginia, of German descent, aud 
lived until April 29, 1879, and was nearly ninety years old at her death. The mother of the 
subject of this sketch survives her husband and resides near Richmond, Ind., at the age of 
seventy- six. John Fisher and his wife were the parents of five children, our subject beiug 
the eldest. He was reared in Union County, Ind., upon a farm and received his primary 
education in the old conventional school -house of logs. Subsequently he attended the college 
at Richmond, Ind., and later the Southwestern Normal School at Lebanon, Ohio. After 
teaching school for about &ve years, or in the spring of 1861, he began the study of medi 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 



207 



cine with Drs. Hasty & Weeks, in Heury County, Ind. Two years afterward Dr. Fisher 
entered the Physio-Medical Institute at Cincinnati and attended one course of lectures, when 
he began the practice in Wayne County, which he continued, with the exception of two years 
spent in Illinois, until his coming to Indianapolis in 1880. At this time he entered the 
Physio-Medical College of Indiana at Indianapolis, from which he graduated one year later, 
and since that time has continued to practice in this city, confining himself to treatment of 
piles and diseases of the rectum. In this special practice he has been eminently successful, 
ranking among the foremost physicians in Indiana in his specialty. Since 1881 Dr. Fisher 
has filled the chair of diseases of the rectum in the Physio- Medical College of Indiana at 
Indianapolis, aud he has also been a trustee of the institution for the past several years. 
The practice of Dr. Fisher extends all over the country westward to Nebraska and Colorado, 
southward to Mississippi and also north and east. Dr. Fisher has been for five years secre- 
tary of the American Association of Physio- Medical Physicians and Surgeons, and has held 
the same position in the State association of that body for an equal length of time. Since 
the organization, over thirty years since, he has held numerous positions in that body and 
was its second secretary. The Doctor is a gentleman of social impulses, finding much pleas- 
ure in the companionship of agreeable people, and he takes much interest in the Masonic 
order, with which he has been connected for a great many years. Dr. Fisher was married 
April 28, 1862, to Nellie A. Pen nock, a native of Ohio, and' daughter of Ira and Aurora 
(Gilbert) Pennock, the former a native of New York, and the latter of Ohio. Mrs. Fisher 
died April 16, 1888, and Dr. Fisher again married June 16, 1889, his last wife being Mrs. 
Martha E. (Coddington) Green, a native of Union County, Ind., and daughter of Enoch 
Coddington. Dr. Fisher is a member of Plymouth Church. In politics the Doctor is a 
Republican, earnestly supporting the candidates of that party. 

Hon. John Caven. Few men have lived more quietly or unostentatiously than John 
Caven, and yet few have exerted a more salutary influence upon the immediate society in 
which they move, or impressed a community with a more profound reliance on their honor, 
ability and sterling worth. His life has not been illustrious with startling incidents or 
striking contrasts; but it has shown how a laudable ambition may be gratified when accom- 
panied by pure motives, persevering industry and steadfastness of purpose. In presenting 
to the readers of this volume a sketch of his life, character and public acts, it will be found 
that his name is closely connected with the peace and prosperity of the capital city of Indiana. 
For ten years he ably performed the duties of chief magistrate of the city of Indianapolis, 
and during this time evinced qualities of head and heart which shed lustre upon his name and 
won the hearty approval of all right thinking people. His career points its own moral, and 
it is not to be wondered at that a history of bis life would be of more than ordinary interest, 
for it enables society to arrive at correct conclusions and to establish theories of life, its 
obligations and possibilities, which cannot fail to be of benefit to thoughtful people. He 
comes of Scotch-Irish and English-Scotch parentage, and was born in Allegheny County, 
Penn., April 12, 1824, his parents being William and Jane (Laughead) Caveu. He was 
left with but little means, but he inherited what was far better, a healthy body and a 
vigorous mind and a reverence for the good and beautiful and the true, which were the 
stepping stones to success in later years. He was always very generous in his judgments, 
for he studied every side of a question carefully, and in the councils of his city has 
ever been considered a leader whose judgment could at all times be relied upon. In youth 
he was inured to hard work and his labor brought him into direct contact with the children 
of toil, for which reason he has every right to be considered a self-made man. His ad- 
vantages for acquiring an education were not of the best, but he was a student by birth, and 
although his books were few and his instructors inferior, his mind was retentive and what 
he learned he did so thoroughly. In time he acquired a wide range of knowledge and a 
polish that would have done credit to a graduate of any university. At school he mastered 
the old English reader and Da boll's arithemethic, and with this foundation he went fourth 
to master all branches of learning that would better prepare him for a successful career at 
the bar. He spent some time as a workman in salt works and coal mines and also as a flat- 
boatman, unhesitatingly putting his hand to any honorable employment he could find to do. 
In 1845 he came to Indianapolis, and in 1847, at the age of twenty-three, entered the law 



208 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

office of Smith & Yandes, and in due time entered upon the practice of the profession he 
later adorned. In 1863, when thirty-nine years of age, he was elected to the mayorality of 
Indianapolis without opposition, and his administration was so able that in 1865 he was 
again elected without opposition, and during this time, which comprised eight years, and 
while Indianapolis was rapidly developing in every way, he gave much impetus to her prog- 
ress and development. In 1868 the residents of the city elected him to the State Senate 
for four years, during which time he made an enviable record for himself, and his speeches 
were eloquent upon all matters touching political, educational and humanitarian subjects. 
He voted for the fifteenth amendment, and earnestly advocated the establishment of 
schools for colored children. He was again elected to the office of mayor of Indianapolis in 
1875, and the two terms following he succeeded himself in the position. In the routine 
work of the office of mayor he tilled the requirements of a just and humane magistrate, and 
his efforts to reform the fallen who were brought before him will ever remain as monuments 
to his faith in the good that lies in every human heart, and the powerful effect of moral 
suasion. He was instrumental in securing the Belt Railroad, and establishing the stock 
yards at Indianapolis, and at the time of the great strike of 1877 he proved himself equal to 
the demands of the hour, and made a record for himself and the city, which has been com 
men ted on favorably by the press of the entire country. Mr. Caven is an honored member 
of the ancient order of Masons, in the mysteries of which he is thoroughly drilled, and he is 
deeply devoted to its principles. He was the first and for seven years continued to be the 
deputy for Indiana of the supreme council A. & A. Bite, northern jurisdiction. He was the 
first worshipful master of Mystic Tie Lodge, F. & A. M. , and held the position seven 
years. He was the first grand chancellor of the K. of P. for Indiana and was re-elected, 
and was the only one who ever was, and was the first officer of the first Uniform Bank in 
Indianapolis. Mr. Caven is a fine specimen of physical manhood, is six feet tall and weighs 
210 pounds. He is a bachelor, but by no means a recluse or cynic, for he loves home and 
social enjoyments. Time has dealt kindly with him, and many years of usefulness are yet 
before him. 

William Henry Wagner. The question of demand and supply is one which agitates 
the mind of every thinking man to-day. The rapid growth of cities, the abnormal increase 
in population tend to raise to a higher pitch the call for more products to sustain life, and 
there are constant opportunities for bright men to array themselves as public providers. 
The groceryman is especially essential and from him may be obtained everything that goes 
to supply a well set table. A well conducted and well supplied house is that of which 
William Henry Wagner is the proprietor in Haughville. He is the oldest citizen now 
residing in the town and in days of yore cultivated the land on which the town of Haughville 
is located. He was born in Jackson County, Ind., in 1844, a son of John Wagner, who is 
still living and a resident of Jackson County. The latter was born in Kentucky and came 
to Indiana seventy- four or seventy -five years ago and took up his residence in Jackson 
County with his father, George Wagner, who was a Pennsylvanian by birth. George Wag- 
ner went to Kentucky when a young man and there lived among the Indians for some time 
but died in Indiana at the extreme old age of ninety-eight years. He was a man of fine 
constitution and great vigor and when in his ninety- seventh year he walked from Jackson to 
where Haughville now is, preferring this mode of locomotion to riding. He was a farmer 
by occupation, as is his son, John Wagner, who has attained to the age of seventy-nine 
years. He has been successful in the accumulation of worldly goods and is now in the 
enjoyment of a liberal competency. He was one of the pioneers of Jackson County and has 
been a healthy and rugged man the most of his life, his fine constitution being without 
doubt inherited from his father who was never sick a day in his life, never had the toothache, 
even, and never took a dose of medicine throughput his long career. William Henry Wag- 
ner was one of a large family of children born to his parents and his early education was 
obtained in the district schools of Jackson County. On October 7, 1861, he enlisted in 
Company A, Fiftieth Indiana Infantry, and during his service was in many hard fought 
battles among which may be mentioned Murfreesboro and Mumfordsville, Ky., where he was 
taken prisoner and was kept in captivity three weeks before being paroled. Some time after 
rejoining his command he was again taken prisoner at Lexington, Tenn., this time by Gen. 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 209 

Forrest. He served bis country faithfully in Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Arkansas and 
Mississippi, and besides the engagements above mentioned, was at the battles of Franklin, 
Nashville, Mobile, Fort Blakely and others. He was mustered out of the service September 
20, 1865, and returned to Jackson County, Ind., and was married to Miss Abigail Carman, 
who died in 1890. He has since been united in marriage to Miss Maggie Longfellow, of 
Haughville. Soon after wedding his first wife he came to Haughville and turned his atten- 
tion to farming and teaming, in fact, did not hesitate to engage in anything that was honor- 
able in order to obtain a livelihood. He has many a time plowed the ground on which his 
present grocery store is standing, and at one time or another has cultivated the entire ground 
on which Haughville is situated. In 1889 he opened a grocery store and meat market and 
since that time has been successfully engaged in following this occupation. He keeps a 
first-class line of goods, a large stock at all times, and has a patronage which speaks in an 
eloquent manner as to the popularity of his house. He has served two terms as marshal of 
Haughville, and for six years acted in the capacity of constable. Socially he is a member 
of the I. O. O. F., the K. of P. and for some time he has been major of Anderson Post of 
the G. A. B. Politically he has always been a Republican. Mrs. Wagner's father was a 
successful physician of Decatur, and was extremely well and favorably known throughout 
that section. He was born in New York State, on Lake Champlain, removed from there to 
Ohio where he was married to Miss Sarah Williams, then came to Decatur County, Ind. 
Mrs. Wagner is the only surviving member of that family and was the youngest of their 
six children, four of whom lived to be grown. Mr. and Mrs. Wagner are members of the 
Christian Church, and he has been an officer in the same. He comes of sturdy Penn- 
sylvania Dutch stock, and is a man of sound business principles, to be relied upon at all 
times. 

Edwin R. Lewis, A. M., M. D. The philosophy of the German, to learn one thing, 
but to learn that well, is being adopted by the medical profession to a very considerable 
extent, the olden prejudice against any member becoming a specialist having practically died 
out Time has demonstrated that the physician who devotes himself exclusively to given 
forms of disease, or to surgery, or given forms of surgical cases, becomes far more successful 
than if he generalized, and at the same time he confers inestimable benefits upon the gen- 
eral practitioner by imparting to him the general results of his investigations, practices 
and triumphs. The subject of this sketch, Dr. Edwin R. Lewis, has devoted himself to 
diseases of the nose and throat, with the result that he has become eminent in his profession 
and has conferred inestimable benefit upon his fellow creatures who have suffered from 
attacks in those members, and at the same time the results of his practice have aided his 
brethren. Dr. Lewis was born at Madison, Ind., April 2, 1839, being the son of James 
and Sophronia (West) Lewis, the former a native of Ohio and the latter of Massachusetts. 
The paternal grandfather settled in Madison, Ind., in the year 1818, being one of the pio- 
neers of the place, and he was previously a soldier in the War of 1812. The maternal 
grandfather of our subject was in the navy in the War of 1812, and his great-grandfather 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Thus it will be seen that the blood of loyalty and 
patriotism pervades the veins of Dr. Lewis. The father of Dr. Lewis was reared in Madi- 
son, where he engaged in business when he grew to man's estate, and resided there until his 
death. Our subject was reared in his native place, receiving instruction in the graded 
schools, and subsequently attended Amherst (Mass.) College, whence he graduated in the 
year 1861. In that same year, August, and directly after he passed from college, he enlisted 
in the Twenty-first Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and served three years, being mustered 
out in August, 1864, with the rank of captain. Previous to enlisting he served three months 
on the staff of Gen. Wallace. During his service with the gallant Twenty- first he partici- 
pated in the battles of Antietam; Fredericksburg, siege of Knoxville, Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and numerous skirmishes, being constantly in active service. 
At the battle of Knoxville he was wounded in the right arm, a most serious injury, and he 
narrowly missed losing that member. After being mustered out with a record of which he 
may well be proud, for he was always at his post of duty and was brave in battle and a gal- 
lant and skilled officer, he entered, in the fall of 1864, the medical department of Harvard 
University, from which he graduated in 1867. He then engaged in practice at Amherst, 

14 



'- J 



{ 






\ 
> I 



210 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Mass., until 1870, when he went to Syria as professor of chemistry in the medical college at 
Beirnt. Here he remained for thirteen years, or until 1883, and then returned to America and 
entered the Polyclinic College in New York. In April, of the following year, he came to 
Indianapolis and entered upon his practice, bnt left in the fall to accept the professorship 
of chemistry in Wabash College, a position he held until the fall of 1888, pursuing the 
practice of his profession during this time. He then returned to Indianapolis, where he 
has since remained, being a specialist in disease of the throat and nose, and has built up a 
very large and lucrative practice and has attained great eminence. He is a patient, studious 
and persevering man, possessed of a vast fund of general knowledge, learned and skillful 
in his profession, and a gentleman of culture and refinement His is a nature that attracts 
and he inspires confidence and respect on all sides. Dr. Lewis was married in 1864 to Har- 
riet Goodell, at Amherst, Mass.. who died in Syria in 1878. A son born to this union, Edwin 
S., graduated from Wabash College in 1888 and then spent four years in John Hopkins 
University, at Baltimore, where he took the degree of Ph.D., and during his study there 
took two scholarship prizes, which entitle him to two seasons of study in Europe, under the 
direction of the University. After graduating he received an appointment as prof essor of the 
Roman languages at Princeton College, which distinguished position this remarkably talented 
young man is now filling. The attainments of Prof. Lewis in scholarship are truly extraor- 
dinary and he has before him a brilliant future. Dr. Lewis was married a second time in 
1885, at Crawfordsville, Ind.,to Ellen Poole, of Philadelphia, who died in April, 1889. In 
April, 1892, the Doctor was married to Rose Baldwin, of Indianapolis. Our subject is a mem- 
ber of the Marion County Medical Society, of the Indiana Medical Society, American Medical 
Association, the American Rhinological Society and the American Academy of Medicine. 
Besides his connection with these several bodies of distinguished men, he is also a member 
of the G. A. R., of the L. L. , and of the various orders of masonry up to and including the 
Scottish Rite, or thirty -second degree. He is likewise connected with a number of prominent 
social organizations, among which is the Columbia Club, Country Club, and the Indianapolis 
Literary Club, the latter being a most exclusive association, the membership being based 
upon merit. The Doctor is a member of the Second Presbyterian Church, as also is his wife. 
In politics he is an independent, being influenced in his vote largely by the character and 
merit of the candidates for office, having, of course, pronounced views upon the great ques- 
tions that divide parties, but neither of the great parties properly reflects his opinions. He 
is a warm personal friend of Secretary Gresham and ardently endorses the independent 
stand of that gentleman. Dr. Lewis' connection with the many organizations named above, 
in all of which he takes active interest, would indicate a very large personal acquaintance, 
but these represent only in part those with whom he has association, for he enjoys the friend- 
ship and esteem of distinguished people all over this country and in Europe, who are 
attached to him ou account of his noble qualities of mind and heart, and who admire him 
for his scholastic and professional attainments. 

Judge Addison L. Roache. Seventy- six years have passed over the head of the gen- 
tleman whose name heads this sketch, leaving their impress in the whitening hair and 
lined features, but while the outer garment of the soul shows the wear and tear of years, 
the man himself is richer and nobler and grander for the experience that each successive 
decade has brought him. He is one of the old settlers of Indiana, but was born in Ruther- 
ford County, Ten n., in 1817. In 1828 he moved with his parents to Bloom i n gton, Ind., 
and was educated in the State university, graduating in the class of 1836. All his class- 
mates except one have passed over to the silent majority and he is left almost alone. After 
finishing his schooling, young Roache went to Rockville, Ind., and entered the law office of 
Gen. T. A. Howard, being admitted to the bar in 1839. After traveling for about two 
years he located in Rockville, Ind., in 1842, and began practicing law, remaining there until 
April, 1859. In the meantime he was elected to the Legislature from Parke County, Ind., 
first in 1847-48, and re-elected, serving two terms. In the year 1852 Mr. Roache was 
elected to the State supreme bench, and after serving eighteen months resigned and 
resumed his practice at Rockville. In April, 1859, he removed to Indianapolis, and formed 
a partnership with the late Joseph E. McDonald, which continued until the latter part of 
1869. During the eleven years they were together Mr. Roache and Mr. McDonald built up 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 211 

a very large corporation practice, and were attorneys for the defendant in many of the 
whisky cases, then very numerous. As a result, Judge Boache' s health became shattered, 
and in the latter part of 1869 he was obliged to abandon his practice, which he did not 
resume until 1876. At that date he began practicing with his son-in-law, E. H. Lamme, 
the partnership continuing until the fall of 1887, when Mr. Lamme removed to. Los An- 
geles, Cal., where he now resides. Judge Boache has not practiced any since 1887, and is 
now retired from the active duties of life, satisfied with a long career of usefulness. In the 
year 1871 he was one of a committee of five to devise a city school law, which they did, 
and which law is now, with minor amendments, the school law of Indiana. The section 
which made the public libraries, now so common, possible, was originated by Judge Boache, 
and the people of the State are now reaping the benefit of his wise foresight. He served 
on the school board of Indianapolis for years, and also served for years as one of the 
trustees of the State university at Bloomington, Ind. He is of English descent on the 
paternal side, and his father, Dr. Stephen Boache, was a native of the Old North State. 
The latter came to Indiana in 1828, located at Bloomington, but later removed to Bockville 
(1855), and died at the home of our subject in 1878, when seventy-eight years of age. 
His wife died in August, 1891, when ninety-three years of age. Socially Judge Boache is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. In 
June, 1842, he married Miss Emily A. Wedding, and to them were born seven children, of 
whom five survive, one a son, A. L. Boache, Jr., and the remainder daughters. 

John G. Bathsam. In him is found a man whose business career is a decidedly inter- 
esting one showing the shrewdness, business ability and competency which can be attained 
by the natives of other lands. This gentleman is a florist whose place of business is a most 
attractive one to the lover of the beautiful, and is advantageously situated on the corner of 
College Avenue and Fifteenth Street, where he does a general greenhouse business, and 
retails his goods at figures within the reach of rich and poor alike. Mr. Bathsam owes his 
nativity to Bavaria, Germany, where he was born in 1856, and when still a lad, over twenty 
years ago, he crossed the ocean to the United States to see what Dame Fortune had in store 
for him on this side of the water. He almost immediately came to Indianapolis and com- 
menced working at anything honorable he could find to do. After continuing thus for two 
years, and being anxious to give his attention to some settled pursuit, he engaged in garden- 
ing, for which occupation he seemed to possess a natural aptitude and decided liking. 
After some time he removed to Noblesville, Ind., following gardening for three years. With 
the laudable desire of bettering his financial condition he moved back to Indianapolis and 
embarked in the manufacture of crockery and flower pots for florists, at the corner of 
Alabama Street and Fort Wayne Avenue, which business he continued with success for 
eight years. At the expiration of this time he came to his present location and began his 
career as a florist and gardener, in which he has met with good success and has built up a trade 
strictly in keeping with his honorable methods of conducting his affairs, his energy, perse- 
verance and reliability. He is prompt and accurate in supplying the wants of his patrons, 
has a fine line from which to select, and is deserving of great credit for the manner in which 
he has bent the force of circumstances to his will, and has gained a liberal patronage and a 
comfortable competency. April 15, 1879, witnessed the celebration of his marriage with 
Miss Maggie Decker, of Lawrencebnrg, Ind., and four children have blessed their union — 
three daughters and a son. Mr. Bathsam is a member of the Marion County Florists' 
Association, and he and his wife are members of St. Paul's German Lutheran Church, of 
which he has for some time been officiating elder. He is of the stuff of which good citizens 
are made and is a credit to his calling and to the business community in general. 

John Randolph Brown, M. D. A recognized expert in the treatment of diseases of the 
mind and nervous system, Dr. John B. Brown, of Indianapolis, is likewise well and favor- 
able known as a general practitioner of skill and success. Born in Bandolph County, N. 
C, December 20, 1855, he is a son of John B. and Mary (Lane) Brown, his father's occupa- 
tion being that of merchant and planter. Dr. Brown received his literary education at 
Trinity College (N. C. ), and began the study of medicine in 1876, under the direction of Dr. 
J. D. Graves. Later he attended lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Balti- 
more* and at the University of Louisville (medical department); and, coming to Indianapolis 



212 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

in 1877, he was graduated from the Medical College of Indiana in 1882, and was immedi- 
ately thereafter appointed interne at the Indiana Hospital for the Insane. Not long after- 
ward he was made first assistant physician of that institution and he served in that capacity 
for six years, resigning it to accept the position of assistant superintendent in the Eastern 
Hospital for the Insane, at Knoxville, Tenn., to which he had been called. In this position 
he served with credit and increasing reputation for four years, but relinquished it to remove 
to Indianapolis to enter, private practice. At this time, in connection with his general prac- 
tice, he is conducting a private sanitarium for the treatment of diseases of the mind and 
nervous system, which is meeting with such success that it promises soon to rank with the 
most popular institutions of its kind in the country. Dr. Brown is a member of the Marion 
County Medical Society, of the Indiana State Medical Society and of the American Medical 
Association. He was married in 1880, to Agnes Fletcher, of Indianapolis, daughter of Dr. 
W. B. Fletcher, and has one daughter, Agnes C. Brown. Dr. Brown stands no less high in 
the public esteem as a citizen than as a physician, and as an expert in mental and nervous 
affections he is becoming well and widely known. 

Hiram C. Castor, M. D. During the comparatively short period of Dr. Castor's prac- 
tice he has met with unusual success and gained much substantial reputation as a general 
practitioner with the profession and the public. Hiram C. Castor was born in Indianapolis, 
April 11, 1800, a son of Edwin A. and Samantha W. (Graham) Castor. His father was by 
birth a Pennsylvanian: his mother was an Indianian. They took up their residence in 
Indianapolis about 1858 and are well known and highly respected in the city, Edwin A. Cas- 
tor, who is a master builder and superintendent of construction, having a record as a soldier 
during the Civil War of which any man might well be proud. He was a member of a 
Pennsylvania regiment and did gallant service on many a hard-contested field. Dr. Cas- 
tor was reared in Indianapolis and received his literary education in the pnblic schools of 
the city. In 1880 he began the study of medicine under the direction of Dr. E. S. Elder, 
and in the fall of the same year entered the Medical College of Indiana, from which institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1890 with the degree of M. D., and immediately entered upon the 
practice of his profession. He has been careful and conservative, yet sufficiently original in 
his practice, and has achieved a success which has already been quite substantially rewarded 
financially, he having been enabled to purchase from his professional earnings a comfortable 
home and tix up an attractive and well appointed office. Dr. Castor is a member of the 
the Marion County Medical Society and of the Indiana State Medical Society. His popu- 
larity as a man and a citizen may be inferred from the fact that he is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and of the K. of P. and the Uniformed Bank, K. P. In politics he is a 
Republican, but he has no political aspirations and is too busily devoted to his profession to 
ever think of any. He was married November 25, 1888, to Gertrude Isaacs, a native of 
Marion County and a daughter of Alfred and Sarah (Webb) Isaacs, who has borne him one 
son named Byron E. Castor. 

Henry Russe. "Man lives not unto himself alone" was said by one who was wise and 
good, and there is nothing in this world that presents a more inspiring or nobler spectacle 
of a man, who, although immersed in business that requires much ardent labor and care, 
finds time to give to the succor of the needy and distressed, and upon whom the cries of the 
orphaned and the sorrows of the widowed are not lost. Such a man is the subject of this 
sketch, Henry Russe, wholesale dealer in seeds, grain, flower and feed, at Nos. 23 and 25 
North Tennessee Street, Indianapolis, and also a member of the school board of this city. 
Mr. Russe has felt the touch and the sting of poverty and the spirit of man's infirmities hav- 
ing been upon him, it has quickened his sympathies and broadened his charities so that be 
is a man who has done and is doing much good in this world. Mr. Russe was born at Osna- 
brueck, Germany, April 17, 1849, being the son of Herman and Angel (Schue-tte) Russe, 
both of whom died in their native country, Germany. The father carried on the business of 
a general merchant and was also a farmer, besides he held office under the Government for a 
number of years. He and his wife were the parents of Dine children, namely: Louisa, liv- 
ing in Germany; Mary, living in Cincinnati; Lisetta, matron of the German Orphans' 
Home of Indiana, and William, living in Germany, the others being dead. The subject of 
our sketch was reared in Germany, where he received an education, to a certain extent, and 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 213 

remained with his father in the store until 1869, when he set sail for America from Bremen, 
and arrived in New York on the steamer "Herman;" went thence to Richmond, Ind., where 
he was employed as laborer on the Panhandle road for some years. He held the position of 
fireman for two years and was then made railroad car inspector, holding the position until 
the strike of 1874, when, because he refused to obey an order to take out an engine and run 
it (which meant his antagonizing his fellow workmen), his wages were cut, which led him to 
leave the employ of the Panhandle and go to the Big Four road, where he filled the posi- 
tion of car inspector for sixteen years at the Union depot. Then, in 1889, he bought bis 
present business from John Osterman and has carried it on most successfully ever since. 
Mr. Busse was elected a member of the school board in June, 1892, and fills the office with 
great fidelity and usefulness. He has been president of the German Orphan Home for the 
past twelve years, was its secretary for five years and is now one of its trustees, manifesting 
a most lively and sincere interest in and sympathy for the unfortunate ones who have been 
deprived of their natural protectors. Mr. Busse has deep-seated and reverential religious 
convictions and is a member of the German Evangelical Zion Church, is a trustee in that 
body and has been its president. Our subject has many social and business interests, 
among which may be named his connection with the Odd Fellows, he having passed all the 
chairs of the subordinate lodge and the encampment; is a member and a trustee of the K. 
of H. ; is president of the Standard Building & Loan Association, a very flourishing and 
popular organization; is a trustee in the Turners' Association, in which he takes a rery de- 
cided interest; is a member of the board of trade, and is president of the German Amer- 
ican Democratic Club. Thus it will be seen that Mr. Busse is a very busy man, for his busi- 
ness is a large and growing one, demanding a great deal of his time and care, and in every 
organization mentioned with which he is connected he is known as one of the most industri- 
ous and useful members of them, respectively. Besides the individual cases which he 
looks up, the many charities and public enterprises with which he is connected, and the 
every- day call that is made upon him for advise and counsel, all these unite to make of him 
one of the busiest and most useful men in the city. When Mr. Busse landed in this coun- 
try he had but 65 cents in all the world; but he had a big capital of pluck, nerve, 
industry and good common sense. He was not afraid of any kind of honest work, and had 
strong arms, a robust body and the best of health. Working hard by night he attended a 
commercial college one-half of each day, reserving the remaining one-half for sleep. Doubt- 
less as he worked through the long and silent hours of the night he reviewed in his mind 
what had been taught him during the day and thus indelibly impressed the lessons upon his 
memory. In this way the persevering and good man acquired his English education. 
After the storm, calm; after the battle, peace. Mr. Busse has toiled early and late, but his 
duties now, while many and great, are not compulsory, for he has by thrift and good manage- 
ment acquired a very nice property and might retire altogether from business if he would. 
He has surrounded himself with the comforts and luxuries of life and has a most happy 
home, which is to him in very truth the dearest place upon earth. He was married in 1873 
to Miss Amelia Hebany, a native of this city and a most worthy woman, wife and mother. 
He and his wife are the parents of a most interesting family of four living children, namely: 
Harry, William, Eddie and Paul; one, Freddie, is dead. 

Alfred Brewer. This well known and enterprising contractor is a member of the firm 
of A. Brewer & Son, and the emanations of his skill and knowledge of his calling may be 
seen in all parts of the city of Indianapolis, where his home has so long been. He was born 
in South port, Marion County, Ind. , October 20, 1842, his parents being Abram and Cathar- 
ine (Smock) Brewer, both of whom were born in Mercer County, Ky. The father was a son 
of John A. Brewer, also a native of Kentucky, and with him moved to the then wilds of 
Marion County, Ind. in 1825 and located in Perry Township where they cleared up and put 
under cultivation a timber farm. Catharine Smock, the mother, was a daughter of Peter 
Smock, a Mercer County Kentuckian. who also became a resident of Marion County in 1825 
and located on a farm just south of Pleasant Bun. Abram Brewer and his wife possessed 
decided religious tendepcies and for many years were members of the Presbyterian Church, 
but during the latter part of their lives were connected with the Baptist Church, which they 
helped to organize in their neighborhood, and they gave their liberal assistance to the erec- 



214 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

tion of one of the first churches in their section of the country. To them' a family of seven 
children were given, four sons and two daughters of whom are living at the present time. 
Abram Brewer died in 1860 at the age of forty-five years, having been a tiller of the soil all 
his life and a reasonably successful farmer. The grandfather died when the subject of this 
sketch was a small boy. Alfred Brewer was the third child born to his parents and in the 
district schools of his neighborhood he acquired a good practical education and on the home 
farm stout muscles and an independent and energetic spirit. In 1860 he began learning the 
trade of a carpenter and after following this occupation for about six years in various por- 
tions of the county he came to Indianapolis and for two years thereafter was in the employ 
of various contractors, after which he moved to Newton, Kan., where he, himself, engaged 
in contracting and continued four years. At the end of that time he returned to Indian- 
apolis and in 1877 he became a contractor here, since which time he has erected some of the 
handsomest and most substantial residences in the city, several of them being among the 
most beautiful on Woodruff Place. He thoroughly understands every detail of his work, is 
to be reUed upon at all times, and his services are therefore in demand. In 1862 he was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary A. Anderson, a Eentuckian by birth, and their union 
has resulted in the birth of five children: Calvin L. who is his father's able assistant and 
partner in business, and Etta (Cnmingor) who is a resident of Louisville being the only ones 
living. Ida died at the age of seventeen years, Carrie also died at that age and Maggie 
passed from life in infancy. Mr. Brewer is a member of the Contractors and Builders' Asso- 
ciation and is one of the most substantial citizens of the city. 

George W. Vernon, M. D., V. S. Recognized as a specialist of ability and success in 
the treatment of diseases of children and as a dermatologist, Dr. George W. Vernon, before 
devoting himself to these specialties had attained an enviable reputation as a general 
medical practitioner, and is regarded by his professional brethren as a physician of wide 
information and the highest order of trained judgment. Dr. Vernon was born in 
Muskingum County, Ohio, April 20, 1857, a son of Noah and Mary (Morgan) Vernon, the 
former a native of Ohio and of Scotch -English descent, the latter a native of Virginia and of 
German parentage. The family of Vernon were among the pioneers of Ohio, and Noah 
Vernon was a farmer of enterprise and success. After his death, which occurred January 1, 
1864, the old homestead in Ohio was sold and the family removed to Champaign County, 
111., where Dr. Vernon was reared and educated in the common schools, which he attended 
winters, being obliged to assist in carrying on the work on the farm during the spring, 
summer and fall; and, being the eldest of the children, many of the responsibilities of 
caring for the family rested upon him. At the age of seventeen he began teaching school, 
and was thus employed with considerable success for about six years. In 1880 he began to 
deal in drugs, in a small way, near his home, and later removed to Champaign, 111., where he 
served as a prescription clerk in one of the leading drug stores. In the fall of 1883 he took 
up his residence in Indianapolis, Ind., and began the study of medicine with Dr. Joseph 
Eastman, and in due time became a student in the Central College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, from which he was graduated in February, 1886, by competitive examination securing 
the position of interne to the Indianapolis City Dispensary, which he tilled with credit for a 
year. During the autumn preceding his examination he was made assistant to the chair of 
physiology in the Central College of Physicians and Surgeons. In the fall of 1888 he 
became lecturer on physiology and assistant to the chair of diseases of children, in the 
same institution, and in the spring of 1889 he was made professor of diseases of children 
and dermatology, and still occupies that chair. Immediately after his graduation he 
entered upon general practice, which he continued with increasing success until July, 1892, 
since when he has limited his practice to diseases of children and dermatology, and in his 
chosen field his success has been most creditable and flattering. Dr. Vernon is a member 
and has been for three years treasurer of the Marion County Medical Society and a member 
of the Indiana State Medical Society, of the Mississippi Valley Medical Society and of the 
American Medical Association. He has been physician to the Indianapolis Orphans' Home 
siuce May, 1888, and consulting physician on diseases of children at the city hospital and 
the city dispensary. In the spring of 1893 he had conferred upon him the degree of V. S. 
by the Indiana Veterinary College, and is professor of physiology and secretary of that 



^Q 



;--•'. '• YORK 

?'!>:'•; i.lJRARY. 



A<*OK Lt>JX AND 



AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 215 

institution. Politically Dr. Vernon is a Republican, and he takes an intelligent and active 
interest in public affairs, municipal, county, State and national. He is a Mason and a K. of 
P. and is identified with other prominent secret and beneficial orders and associations. As a 
citizen he is public spirited and helpful to every measure and movement tending to the 
benefit of the people at large. 

John Gukdelhoefer. Astonishing has been the progress from the great lumbering 
coaches of George I., of England, to the artistic, graceful and light vehicles of to-day. In 
this age of elegance, refinement and polish, not only must artistic touch be upon the car- 
riage, the phaeton and the surrey, but the necessary strength must be concealed, as it were, 
in bars, braces, bolts and springs of light and almost airy proportions, the whole combining 
to form a beautiful effect. The enormous increase in the demand for carriages and wagons 
of all grades has rendered their manufacture a prominent industry in all parts of the United 
States. Indianapolis has long been regarded as a leading source of supply in this line, and 
one of the oldest, best-known and most reliable houses engaged in it is that of John Guedel- 
hoefer, who is a native of Germany, and has been a resident of Indianapolis since 1869. He 
was born December 26, 1832, to John and Anna (Gross) Guedelhoefer, who were also na- 
tives of Germany, in which country they resided all their lives, the father being engaged in 
mining. The subject of this sketch was about six months old when his mother died and 
after reaching a suitable age he was placed in the public schools which he attended until he 
was about twelve years of age, according to the law of that country. He was trained in the 
art of carriage making from the time he was about seventeen years of age and possesses an 
intimate knowledge of all the details of the business and the requirements of the public in 
the direction of trade. In 1869 he decided to come to this country, and upon his arrival in 
Indianapolis he had but 5 cents in money. He immediately set about securing employment 
and after working at his trtfde for three years he had saved enough money to engage in busi- 
ness for himself, founding his present concern on a very small scale in 1873, his shop on 
South Street being but twelve feet square. In pursuing this calling he showed the utmost 
diligence, and the superior excellence of his work soon attracted the attention of the trade, 
and his business developed at a very rapid rate. In 1886 he became the owner of a trian- 
gular piece of ground at the corner of West Georgia Street and Kentucky Avenue, and heat 
once proceeded to erect thereon the commodious buildings in which he is now doing busi- 
ness. These buildings consist of a blacksmith shop 50x60 feet, a wagon factory 20x80 
feet, and a paint and finish shop 40x100 feet in dimensions. His business is continually 
and rapidly on the increase and such proportions did it reach in the early part of 1893, that 
he was obliged to erect another building 60x100 feet. Steam power is used in bis shops 
and constant employment is given to about twenty-five men, all of whom are skilled in their 
departments. All the operations of the house are conducted under the personal supervision 
of Mr. Guedelhoefer; thus he secured such products as will withstand the most critical tests, 
both in regard to materials used in their construction and the workmanship employed. All 
the work is done by hand, and the vehicles turned out are unsurpassed by any in the mar- 
ket for strength, lightness, ease of draft and thorough liability, and in regard to their price 
Mr. Guedelhoefer defies competition. Repairing and general jobbing receive his prompt 
attention and as a consequence his establishment has a deservedly large patronage. In his 
native land, in 1855, Mr. Guedelhoefer was united in marriage to Magdalina Schmidt, also 
of that country, and of the ten children born to them, only the following are living: Will- 
iam. Julius, August. Mary, Paulina, Otto and Ben, the last two mentioned having been born 
in Indianapolis. Mr. Guedelhoefer is one of the substantial business men of the city, is a 
prominent member of the Carriage Builders' Association and he has long been a member of 
the German Catholic Church. 

George W. Spahr. The world was never presented but once with the spectacle of a 
great army composed of nearly 3,000,000 of men, who, after a war of unprecedented 
severity, were quietly mustered out and returned to the peaceful pursuits which had been 
interrupted by battle and the great struggle for the preservation of the Union. Never before, 
as in this late war, was there such spontaneous and general rallying to the support of the 
Government, and never before was there witnessed so many spectacles of men who had 
known absolutely nothing of military affairs, developing into strategic and brilliant com- 



216 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

manders, and never before was there shown so many instances of individual bravery and 
patient endurance of the hardships and privations incident to and inseparable from war. No 
wonder that the Union soldiers perpetuate the memory of those days that tried the souls of 
men, by maintaining organizations composed exclusively of those heroes. The subject of 
our sketch was one of this grand army of brave men whose heroic deeds will never die but 
will be perpetuated in song and history and be perpetuated in enduring bronze and stone. 
He is also the colonel commander of Encampment No. 80 of that well known and popular 
organization, the Union Veteran Legion and past commander of George H. Thomas Post, 
G. A. R., in which are enrolled so many hundreds of thousands of names of the soldiers of 
1861-1865. George W. Spahr is a well known, able and very popular member of the In- 
dianapolis bar. Mr. Spahr was born near Heading, Penn., March 21, 1839, being the son of 
Jacob and Maria (Miller) Spahr, the father a native of Switzerland and the mother of Lan- 
caster County, Penn. The father came to America when a lad of nine years of age with his 
parents and grew to manhood in Lancaster County, Pa., following, after attaining his 
majority, the construction of public works, and became a very prominent contractor, having 
erected, among other notable structures, a number of public buildings at Lancaster, the 
aqueduct at Reading, and the bridge across the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg, Ya., at 
the head of tidewater. He was a money making man, but spent it freely, being possessed 
of a very generous nature and giving liberally. In politics he was a Democrat, and took a 
keen interest in the great contests in which the whole country engaged every general elec- 
tion. The father of our subject was killed September 24, 1873, by a collision with a pas- 
senger train on the Peru & Indianapolis Railroad. This active and energetic man came to 
Indianapolis in 1845 and then settled at Millersville, six miles north of the city, where he 
carried on an extensive flour and saw mill and a distillery and where he owned, from first to 
last, 700 to 800 acres of land. He shipped his products to Lawfenceburg by wagon, before 
there were any markets for them at Indianapolis. The mother of our subject is living in the 
eighty-fourth year of her age. She bore her husband three children, two of whom are liv- 
ing: George W. and William H. ; John M., deceased, served a short time in the late war, 
being discharged on the account of disabilities. Our subject was but six years of age when 
he came with his parents to Indianapolis, reaching here by the canal packet boat. He was 
educated in the common schools of the country, completing his course at the Northwestern 
Christian University, now Butler University, graduating July 1, 1861, and thirteen days 
later, July 14, 1861, be entered the army, thus literally stepping out of the school into the 
arena of battle. Mr. Spahr enlisted in Company F, Third Indiana Cavalry, and served 
three years and three months as a private soldier and took part in every battle fought by the 
Army of the Potomac during that time, including South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, and every engagement or skirmish in which his regi- 
ment took part, except one, that of Beverley Ford, at which time Mr. Spahr was absent at 
Washington. He had a horse shot under him in Virginia in a cavalry engagement under 
Gen. Wilson. He took part in what was called the great Wilson raid, the latter part of 
June, 1864, when Gen. Wilson, with his division of cavalry, and Gen. Kautzes' brigade of 
cavalry went in to the rear of Gen. Lee's army and cut off his supplies and destroyed his 
railroads from Richmond to the Roanoke River. This was undoubtedly the hardest and 
greatest raid of the war. In this raid Gen. Wilson was hotly pursued by the cavalry of Gen. 
Lee's army, and also by a large force of infantry, for fourteen days and nights. Mr. Spahr 
was mustered out in September, 1864, at Indianapolis, Ind., receiving an honorable dis- 
charge after thirty- eight months of active, continuous service in the field. He came home 
very much impaired in health by reason of the excessive hard service which he had seen, and 
went to his old home on the farm where he spent three years trying to regain his health, 
after which he entered the law school at Indianapolis, and graduated therefrom in 1869, 
when he began the practice of law in said city and has pursued it diligently ever since. 
Mr. Spabr has always taken an interest in military affairs. He was commissioned major 
and chief of cavalry in the State militia under Gov. Porter. The army organizations grow- 
ing out of the war, are very near and dear to him. He earnestly believes in caring for the 
needy comrades, and the widows and orphans of those who fell in defense of our country. 
In politics he is a Republican, pronounced and positive, believjng firmly in the principles, 






AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 217 

teachings and patriotism of his party, and has worked earnestly for the success of his party 
in numerous campaigns since the war. As a lawyer he has won a well deserved reputation, 
having had a number of very important cases, one of which began in 1858, three years 
before the war, and which had been pending twenty years before he went into the case, and 
which was appealed four times to the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois. He gives the 
cause of his clients close attention, and vigorous and determined effort. Our subject was 
married in 1866 to Miss Lizzie V. Root, of Rush County, Ind., who has borne him two chil- 
dren, Mary and Florence, both graduates of the Indianapolis High School. Mr. Spahr was 
commissioned by Gov. Grey, of Indiana, a member of the committee authorized by act of 
the General Assembly of Indiana, to mark the places on the battle-field of Gettys- 
burg, occupied by the several regiments from Indiana in that great battle and to erect 
suitable monuments on the places thus marked, commemorating the part taken by Indi- 
ana troops in that engagement. When the committee was called together Mr. Spahr was 
elected chairman, and in his report to the Governor he designated Gettysburg as the 
turning point in the war, the battle marking the high tide of the slave holder's rebell- 
ion. Mr. Spahr believes that the influence and presence of religious societies, checks 
and restrains the evil tendencies of the people, gives us better society, better laws, and 
better government, lifts the people up in to a higher and better life, and to that end 
he has worked and contributed of his means. Thus he has lived and is living a life of 
usefulness, with the motto ever in view that the purpose of the life of man is to be 
good, and to help one another. 

Lewis C. Cline, of Indianapolis, Ind., was born near Cloverdale, Putnam County, that 
State, October 16, 1851. He is the sixth son of Nicholas Cline and is of German and 
English descent. His early life was divided between labor on a farm during the " crop " 
seasons and the attendance of short terms of school in the winter. At the age of sixteen 
young Cline, by the consent of his mother and older brothers (his father having died three 
years previous), resolved to leave the farm and begin the battle of life by a reliance upon his 
own resources. He soon found employment, and by careful planning and economy accumu- 
lated means to continue his education and eventually to take, a course of study in Asbury 
(now DePauw) University, after which he was engaged for two years in teaching public 
schools. In 1876 he began the study of medicine under the preceptorship of Dr. E. B. 
Evans, of Greencastle, Ind. On completing the required period of study he attended the 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Penn., from whence he received his medical degree in 
1879. He then returned to his native county and began the practice of medicine at Putnam- 
ville, where he at once acquired the respect and patronage of the best people of that vicinity 
and in November of the same year was married to Joanna C. Stevenson, a daughter of the 
late Dr. A. C. Stevenson, of Greencastle, one of Indiana's greatest pioneer physicians and 
surgeons. In the spring of 1880 Dr. Cline entered into a partnership with Dr. R. F. 
Stone, at Bainbridge, a flourishing town in the northern part of his county. This pleasant 
association continued until the following autumn, when, after an extensive acquaintance and 
a thorough introduction into the practice of the community, assisted by the good will and 
courtesy of Dr. Stone, this partnership was by mutual consent dissolved and the latter phy- 
sician removed to Indianapolis. After six years of active professional work at Bainbridge 
the subject of this sketch also removed to the city of his present residence, where he con- 
tinued in general practice until he had by a course of study fitted himself for that line of 
work which he intended to adopt as his future specialty. During the winter and spring of 
1887-88 he attended the post-graduate school and hospitals of New York, where he took a 
course of study with special reference to diseases of the throat, nose and ear. He supple- 
mented his studies during the following year by taking a course in the Mackenzie Throat 
Hospital, London, and also attended the cliniques in the hospitals of Vienna. Since his 
return from Europe to Indianapolis he has limited his practice to the medical and surgical 
treatment of diseases of the throat, nose and ear, in which branch of practice he is recog- 
nized as one of the most popular and successful practitioners of Indiana. In 1889 he was 
appointed to deliver a course of lectures on his specialty in the Medical College of Indiana, 
and in 1890 he was elected professor of laryngology and rhinology in the same institution, 
which chair he still holds, having filled the position with credit to himself and the school. 



/ 



218 MEMOIRS OF INDIANAPOLIS 

Dr. Oline is a member of the staff of the Indianapolis City Hospital and City Dispensary 
and has performed the work appertaining to rhinoiogy and laryngology in the latter institu- 
tion for the last three years. He is also a member of the Indianapolis Surgical Society, the 
Marion County Medical Society, the Indiana State Medical Society, the Mississippi Valley 
Medical Society, the American Bhinological Association and the American Medical Associa- 
tion. He has contributed papers, on various occasions, to all these societies, and has read 
papers before many of the county societies throughout the State. 

Oscar B. Hord was born in Mason County, Ky., August 31, 1829, and died at Indian- 
apolis, Ind., January 15, 1888. He was the eldest son of Hon. Francis T. Hord, for many 
years judge of the Circuit Court of that county. He began the study of law at an early 
age in his father's office, and at the age of tweuty years he came to Indiana and formed a 
partnership with James Gavin, at Greensburg. In 1852, being then only twenty-three 
years of age, he was elected prosecuting attorney of the circuit in which he lived, and 
discharged the duties of that office with zeal and efficiency. On November 1, 1859, he 
married Mary J. Perkins, of Indianapolis, the daughter of the late Samuel E. Perkins, for 
many years judge of the Supreme Court of Indiana. The fruits of this marriage were five 
children: Samuel E , Emma, Henry E., Francis T., and Ricketts, of whom only Henry E. 
and Francis T. survive. He was the Democratic candidate for attorney-general in 1860, 
and shared the defeat of the ticket on which he was placed. In 1862 he was again a can- 
didate for the same office, on the Democratic ticket and was elected. Shortly after bis 
election he removed to Indianapolis, and at the close of bis official term he entered into 
partnership with the late Thomas A. Hendricks. Into this firm Samuel E. Perkins was 
received, and remained in it for a brief period. It was afterward enlarged by the admis- 
sion of Abram W. Hendricks and Conrad Baker. Mr. Hord was not only the partner of 
these men, but he was their trusted personal friend and ally. Their firm was more than an 
ordinary business arrangement, it was a brotherhood of wise and good men, and the rela- 
tions of its members to one another were close and affectionate. The bar of Indiana was 
greatly indebted to Mr. Hord for the compilation of the statutes, which was only superseded 
by the late revision of them under the authority of the Legislature, and is yet a monu- 
ment to his careful industry. For more than a quarter of a century Oscar B. Hord was 
known to the bench and bar of Indiana. He was eminent among bis brethren at the bar 
for the accuracy and amplitude of his professional knowledge, and for his untiring indus- 
try in the practice of the law. Early in his career be mastered the statutes of this State, 
and it may be said he held them in his memory. He was acquainted with the history of 
n 1 most every legislative act. No one was so entirely conversant with the course of judicial 
decisions from the days of Blackford and Dewey to the time of his death. He was recog- 
nized by his brethren throughout the State as the most eminent authority on State juris- 
prudence. Judges advised with him, and lawyers from every quarter sought aid of his 
profound acquirements. Of the many illustrious names enrolled upon the record of the 
Supreme Court of Indiana, none will be found recurring so often or leading in so great a 
number of important cases as his own. His profound knowledge and remarkable acquire- 
ments as to the rights of men were not limited to the State and nation; he was not less 
familiar with the laws of other States and England. His capacity and power of research 
were unequaled. Hardly any man of his time had a wider or more accurate knowledge of 
the laws of English speaking peoples. His investigation of cases was patient and thorough, 
and its results were exact. He valued only those opinions of law or facts that are based 
upon intelligent and painstaking inquiry, and be professed none other for himself. He 
made the cause of his clients his own, and deemed no labor too arduous or severe which 
was necessary to protect their rights. He loved his friends and freely gave himself for 
them. The ties which bound him to them were only strengthened by their misfortunes, 
for he was doubly a friend in need. He was grieved even more by their afflictions than 
by his own, and he had many sorrows. Under every stress of his personal fortunes he 
manifested to the world a serene fortitude, which was equally remote from passion or stoic- 
ism and was superior to either. His demeanor was marked by a geniality which never 
succumbed to private grief or disappointment, and always imparted some degree of itself 
to every one with whom he came in contact. He had a wide acquaintance with general 



r 



. AND MARION COUNTY, INDIANA. 219 

literature, and sought and found an agreeable respite from his labors in the courts and at 
his office in the companionship of books. His literary culture and his powers of conver- 
sation made an acquaintance with him a liberal education. He was a man of sorupnlous 
integrity, and his integrity was not of that sort which is the mere creature of favorable 
circumstances, but was of that indomitable kind which withstands the shock and strain of 
adversity. At the meeting of the Bar Association, called to take action on his death, 
ex-President Benjamin Harrison, among other things, said of Mr. Hord: "As a lawyer, he 
was no