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Full text of "Picturesque Washington, Illinois, 1906"

'.'/rl'lj^.J . 



PICTURESQUE 



WASHINGTON 



ILLINOIS 



I 



Picturesque Washington, Illinois 

1906 



PUBLISHED BY 

PAUL R. GODDARD, Editor of the Washington Post, 
and THEO. ROEHM. 

Photographs by C. Marquard. 

Panorama Views by G. W. Freese, Eureka, 111. 



EARLY HISTORY OF WASHINGTON 



CAVAIvIER DE LA SALLE, With his thirty-two men, were 
the first white people to settle in Illinois. In 1680 this 
expedition landed on the shores of the Illinois river, di- 
rectlj' west of Washington. Thej' established a colonj' and 
built Fort Creve Coeur on the bluffs six and one half miles 
from this city. A few years agfo a monument was erected on 
this spot, on land purchased from Louis Rein of Washington, 
to mark the place of the first settlement. The Fort flourished 
until 1686, when, in the absence of La Salle, Tonti and three 
friars, the garrison mutinied and destroyed the Fort. Over a 
century later, in 1813, a settlement of French-Indian traders 
and hunters were driven away from this historic point by Cap- 
tain Craig of the Illinois militia, for firing on his troops at 
night, while his boats were anchored off the shore. Fort Clark 
was built in 1813, near the present foot of Liberty street, Peo- 
ria, and was maintained until it was burned b3' the Indians in 
1818 or 1819. The first American colony settled in Peoria April 
19, 1819. It consisted of three families from Virginia, three 
from Kentucky and one from New York. 

The first settlement in Tazewell county, aside from the 
establishment of Fort Creve Coeur, was made at Dillon by Nath- 
an, Thomas and Walter Dillon in 1823. On the formation of this 
County in 1827, Mackinaw was the County Seat. In 1831 it was 
removed to Pekiii. In 1836 to Tremont, and then again to Pek- 
in in 1850, at which time the present Court House was built. 

The first settlement in the Town of Washington was made 
in 1825 by Wm. Holland, Sr., who came here from Peoria, then 
Fort Clark. Prior to his removal here he had built a log house 
near the present site of A. G. Danforth's residence. It was 
the only house and his, the only family in or near Washington, 
until 1826. His nearest neighbor lived on Farm Creek about 
ten miles west. The Holland families living here today are 
descendants of the twentj'-one children of this Wm. Holland 
and most of them were numbered among the eightj'-two grand 
children and fifty great grand children whom he left at his 
death on reaching the ripe age of 91 j'ears. The north- 
west quarter of section 24, town 26, range 3 west of the Third 
P. M., just east of the original town of Washington, was im- 
proved by Holland in 1826, and was the first farm improved. 



In 1828 Wm. Thompson of Ohio, William Weeks and John 
Redman of Indiana, came to this settlement; one located on 
the place known as the old Johnson farm, one on Highland 
Park Addition and the other on the old Peter Portman farm. 

Ira Crosby of New York came in 1827, locating on the Jas. 
R. Crane homestead. Thesame year GeorgeBurrow of Tennes- 
see and Wm. Birkett of Lancashire, England, located here. 
The Birkett families living here are mostly all descendants of 
this Wm. Birkett. 

In 1828 James Harvey, the father of Wesley B., came from 
Ohio and located on the Benjamin Kindig farm. 

Peter P. Scott of Ohio located here in 1829 and Wm. Heath 
of Ohio located in Wrenn's grove in 1830. Henson Thomas, a 
son in law of Heath's and father of William and Simon H., 
came from Ohio in this same year, also James McClure of Indi- 
ana, who made some improvements on the farm now occupied 
bv George Hagenstoz. There were now thirteen families in 
Washington, besides small settlements in Deer Creek and Mor- 
ton Townships. 

One of the early marriages in Washington was celebrated 
at Reuben Bandj^'s home, who came from Kentucky in 1831, 
between Lawson Holland and Elizabeth Bandy in October, 1833. 

Abraham Van Meter of Kentucky located here in 1831, the 
Van Meters still living here being descendants. 

Rev. Nathan Curtiss, a Methodist minister, located here in 
1831 and was one of the first ministers. The descendants of his 
three daughters, Mrs. Peter Fifer, Mrs. Chas. Kern and iVIrs. 
Wheaton, are among our best citizens. 

In 1831 our first politician appeared on the scene. Col. Ben- 
jamin Mitchell of Virginia, He was elected to the legislature 
in 1834 and the state senate in 1836. He died in 1840. He was 
succeeded in the senate by Major CuUom, father of Shelby B. 
Major Cullom is buried in our cemetery. 

In 1832 quite a number of immigrants came, among whom 
was John Durham of Baltimore, Md. He occupied the dwell- 
ing just recently rebuilt by Mrs. Wm. Witte, and was for a long 
time proprietor of the first saw mill operated here. About this 
time Walter and Thomas Birket of Lancashire, England, John 
Johnson of Ohio and the Rev. Richard McCorkle of North Car- 



olina located here, and from this time on the country began to 
fill up rapidly. 

Wm. Holland, Sr., built the first house and improved the 
first farm in the vicinity of Washington. The second house in 
the town was built by Wm. Weeks on the place now known as 
Highland Park. The third house was built by Chas. S. Dorsey 
of Kentucky in 1831, on the site of the place now owned and 
occupied bj' Dr. C. H. Anthony It was occupied by Dorsey 
as a dwelling and store. In it was exhibited the first stock of 
goods offered for sale in Washington, consisting of dry goods, 
groceries, boots and shoes, etc. The goods were purchased at 
St. Louis by Dorse)'. The above were all log cabins. The 
first frame house was built by Jehu Lindle)' and used b)- him 
as a store room, he having bought the stock of goods brought 
to town by Dorsey. This building was on the same site as now 
occupied by Capt. Sheppard's brick stores on South Main 
street. The carpenter work was done by Robert Smith, one of 
Washington's first carpenters. The sixth building was a log 
house built near the present site of Harlan Kingsbury's brick 
store, occupied by Benford's grocer)-. The seventh building 
was a one and a half stor)- log house built bj' Samuel Hawkin's 
on the north end of H. L. Price's lot, used as a dwelling. 
The eighth building was a two-story frame, built on the pres- 
ent site of Henry Denhart & Co.'s bank. It was used by Aug- 
ust Whipple as a dry goods store. This was the second store 
opened in Washington. Dorsej' was one of the active business 
men connected with Washington's early history. We find his 
name figuring in all its earlier enterprises and connected with 
one of its largest additions. The above mentioned buildings 
were erected prior to 1835, 

In 1S34 William Holland, Sr , laid out the original town of 
Washington, being a part of that part of town lying east of 
Main street. The first parties to buy these lots were Joseph 
Kelso, Sr.. and a Mr. Wagner, who bought three lots each at 
SI. .SO apiece upon a year's credit. This part of town was heav- 
il)- timbered and a great deal of the timber was used in the 
construction of Kelso & Wagner's houses which the)' built in 
the year 1834. Kelso built the first house in the original town 
and also opened one of the first farms wholly on the prairie. 
The same year Styles and Titus Hungerford built the old 
Sherman house on the site now occupied by the Danforth Hotel. 
The old Sherman house was moved and rebuilt and today is oc- 
cupied by Jarvis Waughop on Washington street. 



The blacksmith shops up to 183S were rather primative. 
At that time Brazilla AUee built the large two-story frame 
building on South Main street which Perry Birkett rebuilt and 
occupies today. Allee used part of the building for a black- 
smith shop and Wm. Spencer used a part of it as a wagon shop. 
This was the first shop in town in which wagons were manu- 
factured. The manufacture of tinware was first commenced 
in 1848 by Chas. N. Anthony. Before that time tinware, stoves 
and stovepipe were brought here and sold by the merchants. 

The first grist mill was built in 1827 on the Holland Home- 
stead. It was run by horse power and called a band mill. The 
first flour made in Washington was in 1826 or 1827 by means of 
breaking the wheat with a pestle in a mortar and sifting 
through a hand sieve. These were the only milling facilities 
until 1836 or 1837 when Wm. Kern built a flour mill near the site 
of Jacquin's brewery, just north of the T. P. & W. tracks on 
North Main street. The venture financially proved a failure. 

The next flouring mill was built by A. H. Danforth iSt Co. 
in 1845. It was the first brick building erected in Washington. 
The brick used in its structure were made by Danforth, near 
the site of the mill. This mill was bought by Wells and John 
A. Andrews in 1851. It wa? operated by them nearly a half a 
century, until their deaths. It is now owned by the heirs of 
the two families and is run by John A. Andrews, a son of Wells. 

Although this was the first brick building in town, bricks 
had been manufactured here by Hamilton Riddle as early as 
1837. They were used for building chimneys, cellars, etc. 

Ths first school in Washington was a subscription school 
taught by Geo. H. Shaw in a school house built of logs. The 
log school house was afterwards used as a dwelling by Lawson 
Holland. The school teacher Shaw was the first surveyor and 
laid out the original town. The second school was taught in 
the house built by William Weeks as a residence in the pres- 
ent Highland Park addition, by Eli Redman. This was also a 
subscription school and numbered among its pupils W. B. 
Harvey, Lawson Holland, Mrs. H. Riddle and Matthew Holland. 
In 1830 John Berry taught a school in a log house on the Geo. 
Hagenstoz farm, which was used until succeeded by the dis- 
trict school in 1837 or 1838. 

The Schools in Washington for more than twenty-five 
years have been considered among the best in Central Illinois. 
About the middle of the seventies the present school building 



was built at a cost of S20.000. It is supplied with all modern 
improvements in the way of heating;, ventilation and furni- 
ture. There is a primary school located a little west of the 
business portion of the town which has been ably taught bj' 
Miss Mary Italin and who for years has done most valuable 
work in this grade. The school is controlled bj' a School 
Board of six members with a president who simply presides at 
the meetings. The present board consists of Geo. A. Hejl, 
secretary; W. A. Pfeiffer, R. F. Tanton, E. L. Mej-ers, John P. 
Wrenn, Geo. M. Stimson, with Rev. D F. Thomas as president. 
The teachers for 1905-06 are L. I. Knight. Superintendent; 
Herbert Coons and Emelyne Voorhees. Assistant Principals; 
Eva Lonnecker, Nellie McTaggart, Katherine Harms, Carrie 
Price. Sophia Duerkop, Frances Watson and Mary Italin. 

The following is a list of the graduates of the Washington 
High School: 

Class of 1876— Charlotte Wells, Belle Cameron, Clara 
Crane, Mary Italin. 

Class of 1880 — Marj' Cameron. 

Class of 1881 — Angle Benford, Lizzie Gorin, Mate Maffit. 

Class of 1882— Carrie McDonald. Frank Neitz. 

Class of 1883 — Lizzie Rickman, Frances Crow, Lizzie Van- 
Meter, Anna Voorhees, Bertha Nafzinger, Marj- Jane Hill. Lou 
Cameron. 

Class of 1884— Ida Pierce. Carrie Voorhees, Mamie Bratt. 
Ida Parsons, Kate Harms, Nellie Gorin, Carrie Gibson, Lulu 
MostoUer. 

Class of 1885 — Cassie Danforth, Leva A. Crane, Telva B. 
Andrews, Nellie Crane, Hattie Zinser, Tina VanMeter, Harrj' 
L. Zinser. 

Class of 1886— John Andrews. Louisa Portman. Theodore 
Roehm, Hattie Sheppard, Kate Miles, Robert Cornelison, 
Marj- McDonnell. 

Class of 1887 -Mary Hartwell. Hattie Frederick, Cora Hud- 
dleston. Julia W. Smith. Clara Alphonso, Bertha Small. 

Class of 1888 — Edith Dougherty, Asa Danforth. Josie 
North. Eugene Fue^sle, Louis Kelso. 

Class of 1890— Lillie Long, Edgar BonDurant, Herman 
Danforth, Geo. Wehner, Plutella Chaffer, Laura Cress, Oresto 
Ferner, Frank Rickman. 

Class of 1891— Martha Dougherty, Luella Cress, Willie 
VanMeter. 

Class of 1892— Jessie Enos, Violet Crane, Christie Wohlge- 



muth, Susie McDonnell, Nina Magarity, Prudence Schmuck, 
Fannie Watson, Laura Rickman, Harriet Heiple. 

Class of 1893 — Paul Busse. Amy Shaffer, Maona Cress, 
Pearl Long, Clara Neitz, Harry Graham, Viola Cress, Lulu 
Hornish, Dora Weber, Clara Stormer, Hattie Rickman, Mary 
Smith, Josephine Witte. 

Class of 1894 — Avis Price, Marj' Stormer, Fannie Price, 
Jessie Waring, Josephine Chaffer, Anna Andrews, Mary Dan- 
forth, Edith Welch, Rae Crane, Fred Kehr, Ralph Weirick, 
Etta Habben, Frank Thomas, Emma Voorhees, Eloise Allen. 

Class of 1895 — Emma Miller, Samuel McCluggage, Ollie 
Berney, Charlie Wehner, Susie Allen, Ida Birkett, Willie Gott, 
Mary Bullock. Susie Wagner, Sadie Glabe, Bessie Minch. 

Class of 1896 — Etta Smith, Grace Corbin. Mary Ha3'es Wat- 
son, Laura Dougherty, Dora Holland, Celia Ba3ler, May Cas- 
sell, Lj'nn Kent, Marion Wilson. 

Class of 1897— Caroline Price. Roy Smith, Maude Hugill, 
Ethel Keene, Edna Hoover. Pearl Rapp, John McCluggage, 
Roy Zinser, Blanche Stoll, Clara Schaeber, Elizabeth Weirick, 
Harold Jones, Harry Mason, Ethel Cress. 

Class of 1898— Carrie Harms, Florence Ba3'ler, Dean Cas- 
sel, Louisa Miller, Effie Downing, Dave McCluggage, Jessie 
Holland, Tommie Holland, Frank Stormer, Nellie E. Watson, 
Frank Cramer, Anna Haas. 

Class of 1899— Eva Lonnecker, Bessie Rapp. Katherine 
Witte, Anna Stahl, Mary Weiser, Clyde Smith, Edith Yale, 
Marie Wrenn, Mabel Armstrong, Gertrude Heiple, Ada Zinser, 
Willie Blunienshine. 

Class of 1900 — Jennie Holland, Laura Devine, Bessie Bir- 
kett, Callie Eddy, Clyde Strubhar, Gertrude Wilson, Mabel 
Whitehill, Ella F. Harms, Clara Keil, Mary Rapp, Gertrude 
Carlson, Mae Reynolds. Beatrice Cockbill, Viola Bamber. 

Class of 1901 — Maude Heiple, Hulda Minch, Harry Birkett. 
Dolly Birkett, May Heiple, Roy Miller, Martha Birkett, Bertha 
Kraus, Nellie Wilkinson. 

Class of 1903 — Beulah Hornish, Elsie Wrenn, Maude An- 
drews, Alice Pifer, Elna Stolt. Hattie Carlson, Eunice Zaneis, 
Laura Kice, Regie Sencenbaugh. Gusta Blunienshine. 

Class of 1904 — Hattie Holland, Theresa Jacquin, Elsie 
Heyl, Rubj' Rapp, George Danforth. 

Class of 1905— Mabel Tobias. Robert Wrenn, Bessie Ter- 
vene. Frank Heiple. Barbara Strubhar, Grace Alvord, Daniel 
Vaubel. 



The first relifjious society was org'anized by Jesse Walk- 
er, a Methodist preacher, in 1.S28 or 1829. The fii-st meeting 
was at VVm. Holland's, whose family and the faniilj' of James 
Harvey constituted most of the society at that time. Harvej' 
and Holland were the only male members. Then meetings 
were held in private houses, until the public school house was 
built, in which they held their meetings until 1840 or 1841, 
when they built the old church near the site of E. L. Meyers' 
residence on North Main street. This society now owns a fine 
church building, kept vip to modern ideas, including a grand 
pipe organ. The church now has a membership of 275, Sunday 
School 175, and auxiliarj- societies of 150 members. 

In 1832 the Christian church was organized by the Rev. 
Richard McCorkle in the school house on the old 'Squire Baker 
farm. Of its first members we find the names of R. B. Mc- 
Corkle and wife, James McClure and wife and John Johnson 
and wife. It was the second church organization in Washing- 
ton. This denomination erected the old brick church now 
owned by the German Lutherans, in 1850 or 1851. Their sec- 
ond church was dedicated November 28, 1869. It burned from 
a defective flue February 17, 1870. The third church was ded- 
icated August 28, 1870. It was an immense edifice, the height 
to the spire being 127 feet. It was burned by lightning Octo- 
ber 29, 1876. The fourth church, the one now occupied, was 
dedicated July 29, 1877. The interior was remodeled and re- 
decorated last year at an expense of $300. The present mem- 
bership is about 125; Sunday School 50, and other societies 100. 

The Presbyterian church was organized in 183} by Rev. 
Flavel Bascum and Leonard Foster, a committee of the Pres- 
bytery of Sangamon. The meeting for the organization was at 
Dorsey's store and those who united were: Henry Kice, Mary 
Kice, John J. Tool, Elizabeth Tool, Horace Blair, Rebecca L. 
Blair, Elizabeth Ried, Charlotte Berrghet, David Gibson and 
Mar)' Gibson. Gibson and Blair were elected ruling elders. 
The ministers serving the church were; Romulus Barnes 1835- 
43, Wells Andrews 1843-44, Geo. W. Elliott 1845-50. Adam John- 
son 1851-54, Wells Andrews 1855-59, Chas. Beach 1859-60, Hiram 
H. Kellogg 1862-63, Wells Andrews 1863-67. Isaac A. Corneli- 
son 1867-72, .\^m. L. Green 1872-73, Isaac A. Cornelison 1873, 
who is still in charge. The present building was erected in 
1871, being the third on the same ground. 

There were some Baptists here as early as 1831, but their 
church was not formally organized until 1835, when Rev. Thos. 



Brown officiated. Prior to that time they attended church at 
Tremont, and a Baptist minister named Babcock preached here 
occasionall3'. 

The German Evangelical Church was organized in 1854 
and the same j'ear a frame building was erected upon the pres- 
ent location. In 1884 this was supplanted by the present large 
and commodious edifice. Among the organizers of the church 
were Jacob Zinser, Peter and David Tobias and Sol Zinser. 
Rev. Jacob Schaefle, an early circuit preacher, was the first 
minister. The parsonage was built in 1890. Membership at 
present 150, Sunday School 160, Y. P. A. 50, Mission Band 40 
and W. M, S. 25. 

The German Evangelical Lutheran Church— St. John's 
church — was organized in May, 1869, in Sickler's ( now Heiple's) 
hall, by Rev. Holtgreve. August 16, 1869, the first officers were 
elected as follows: John Muller and Josiah Snyder trustees, 
Thomas Reinholz and V. Simons deacons and Rev. George 
Schnur minister. The congregation purchased the church 
building of the Christian Church. It was rebuilt in 1899 and a 
tower, new seats, pulpit, etc., added. 

St. Mark's Lutheran church was organized April 26, 1875, 
at the home of Josiah Snyder. The congregation had previous 
to this worshipped with the German Lutheran church but on 
their voting to exclude the English language the English 
church was organized. On Maj' 2, 1875, Josiah Snyder was 
elected elder, Henry Mahle and T. L. Benford deacons, Henry 
Denhart, Eli Heiple and Elias Benford trustees, and Rev. S. 
W. Harkey pastor. A new house of worship was dedicated 
August 26, 1877, at a cost of S6.000, including the lot. The 
church has always been prosperous and has a good working 
and active membership. A little over a year ago the church 
was remodeled and a fine new pipe organ installed at an ex- 
pense of about $10,000 The present membership is 275, Sun- 
day School 200, and the Y. P. S. C. E,, the Missionary and Aid 
Societies have about 150 members 

The Catholic congregation was organized in 1876 under the 
direction of Father Mayer, then priest of Black Partridge. 
At that time a small frame church was built upon the present 
site, the property' being donated by Walter Birket. In 1895 the 
present building was erected at a cost of a little over $2,800. It 
is free of debt. The church is well furnished with all the nec- 
essaries and the society is in a flourishing condition. The 
present membership is 130. 



The first funeral was that of a child of Henson Thomas. 
It was buried in the gravej-ard on the old 'Squire Baker farm. 
The funeral services were performed by Rev. Zaddock Hall. 
The first adult buried here was a Mr. Pembrock, a stranger 
who had stopped on account of illness at the residence of Wm. 
Heath, where he died. 

The first F'hysician, Dr. R. F. Goodwin of Vermont, located 
here in 18S2. He was a successful Physician and also a good 
business man. He and Dr G. P. Wood were for several years 
partners in business and were the proprietors of Goodwin & 
Wood's addition to Washington. Dr. G. P. Wood removed 
here from Vermont in 1835 and formed a business partnership 
with Dr. Goodwin. They practiced their profession with 
marked success. Dr. Wood's history and services are too well 
known to require more than the mention of his name. He died 
in 1871. 

Dr. R. W. Burton came from Kentucky and settled here in 
1838. He practiced his profession and also kept a stock of 
drugs and medicines. His was the first regular drug store 
opened in Washington. He was a good citizen and took an 
active part in all of the enterprises undertaken by the citi- 
zens. He died here in 1859 leaving the following children: 
Mrs. Wells Andrews, Mrs. James R. Crane, Mrs. John A. An- 
drews, Woodson Burton, Mrs. A. G. Danforth, Mrs. Joe Sherry, 
Furgison Burton, Mrs. Isa Andrews, Mrs. Sam Wright. 

The first Lawj^er to gain a footing in this new community 
was Thornton Walker of Virginia. We know very little of this 
party as to his success, etc. 

In 1829 William Holland and William Thompson were elec- 
ed to the office of Justice of the Peace for this precinct. Thej* 
were among the first elected in this county. Their territorial 
jurisdiction was co-extensive with the boundaries of the coun- 
ty which then embraced a broad expanse of territorj- east of 
the Illinois river and extended northward to Chicago and 
southward to Jacksonville. 

The first Constable elected was Jonathan Hodge of Stout's 
Grove, 

The first member of the Board of Count}- Commissioners 
from this place was James Harvey. He was succeeded by 
Benjamin Mitchell. Prior to this time, however, and while 
this was a part of Peoria county, William Holland was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Countj' Commissioners. 

The first land sales for this district were held in Spring- 



field in 1830 or 1831. Prior to that date no title could be ac- 
quired to any land in the district. The settlers, however, rec- 
ognized the justice of securing to each of their number the 
benefit of his labor and gave efl'ect to this idea by appointing 
one of their number. Col. Benjamin Mitchell, agent or regis- 
trar of claims. Bj- this arrangement and the paying of twenty- 
five cents to the registrar, each applicant secured the registra- 
tion of his claim and the right to buy the land he had improv- 
ed when it came into the market. This gave the lands a com- 
mercial value in the hands of the holder and also enabled the 
person making the claim to sell and transfer if he so desired. 
These claims soon became an important item in the limited 
commerce of those early times. 

One of the prevailing fashions was that of carrying fire 
arms, made necessary by the presence in the neighborhood of 
roving bands of Indians, most of whom were ostensibly friend- 
ly, but like Indians in all times, treacherous and unreliable. 
These tribes were principally Pottawattomies. There were 
also in the north part some hostile Indians through whose 
workings later on developed the Black Hawk and other Indian 
Wars. 

The postage for a single letter in those earl)' times was 25 
cents. Many remained in the office for some time on account 
of the inability of the persons to whom thej' were addressed to 
pay the demanded charges. 

In 1860 Captain Miles of the Washington Military Corn- 
pan)- was ordered to Pekin to protect John Ott, a young fellow 
21 years of age, who had murdered the wife and two little chil- 
dren of George W. Orendorf and through this precaution the 
lynching was averted. This was the second murder commit- 
ted in the county. 

The following is a list of Supervisors who have served the 
Township since its organization: James W. Wathen, 1850-51 
Lawson Holland, 1852-53; W. A. Ross, 1854; J. S. Marsh, 1855-58 
D. L. Miles, 1859-60; Elias Wenger, 1863; Richard C. Dement 
1864; John W. Dougherty, 1865-66; Ben Tobias, 1866-68; Richard 
D. Smith, 1869; Peter Fifer, 1870; John H. Anthony, 1871-89; D. 
S. Sheppard, 1890-91; Christian Spring, 1892-95; C. L,. Birkett, 
1896-1905. 

The first paper printed in Washington was in 1853 by A. A. 
Couch and Albert Parker from Peoria and it was called "The 
Washington Investigator." After two years it ended its ca- 
reer and for ten years we were without a paper. Thomas 



Handsaker, in July, 1868, established "The Washington Her- 
ald," which was conducted in a manner creditable not only to 
Mr. Handsaker but also the community and vicinity. Mr. 
Handsaker's death occurred some years ago and the paper 
ceased publication. 

On Nov. 24, 1876, the first number of "The Tazewell Inde- 
pendent" was issued by H. A. Pilaster and George N. BonDur- 
ant. Mr. BonDuranfs interest in the paper was purchased by 
Mr. Pilaster on the 16th of March, 1877. In its first publica- 
tion it was strictly non-partisan. Later on, about 1878, the 
paper was converted to a republican paper and A. H. Heiple, 
the present Postmaster in Washington, became editor and 
proprietor and the name was changed to "The News." It is 
now published by F. B. Mills. 

"Thk W.\shington Post" was established April 9, 1S98, bj' 
B. S. Wright. May 1, 1899, the paper was purchased by Paul 
R. Goddard, who has since been its editor and publisher. The 
Post has rapidly forged to the front until it now has a circula- 
tion of nearly 2,000 copies and practically covers the whole 
territory of northern Tazewell county and part of Woodford 
county. It is a seven-column quarto all-home print, with an 
East Peoria department and correspondents from all adjoining 
towns and districts. The subscription price of Thk Post is 
only $1.00 a year when paid in advance, and it is largely owing 
to its complete local reports and its cheap subscription price 
that it so completely covers the field. 

One of our early banks in Washington was established in 
1858 under the name of A. G. Danforth & Co., and is the oldest 
bank in Tazewell county run continuously under the same 
firm name. 

Henrj' Denhart & Co.'s bank was established in 1866 and 
grew rapidly under the fostering confidence bestowed on it by 
the community. 

The old Prairie State bank established before 1858 had the 
unique history of being the first and only bank of issue in 
the county at that time. 

The only official records of the town of Washington extant 
today date back to 1839. When E. E. Heiple was elected clerk 
of the city of Washington in 1878 he received a letter from 
a relative of an early settler. Dr. Carr, who stated that he had 
one of the books containing the early proceedings of the town 
and would send it to him upon request. Mr. Heiple wrote for 
the document and has since had it in his possession. While the 



book of proceedings only contains a few years of the early his- 
tory of the town it throws a light on the first organization. 
The first date in the book is Monday, August 20, 1838. Wash- 
ington at that time had a town organization and was governed 
by a Town Board of four Trustees. The first members of the 
board, as shown by this record, consisted of E. A. Whipple, J. 
Kern, B. Allen and A. H. Danforth. May 4, 1839, occurred an 
election at which James Brown was elected president and Wm. 
G. Spencer, George W. Danforth, Peter Shelly and Thomas 
Fish, trustees. Thomas Fish was appointed clerk, Jacob 
Kern assessor, A. H. Danforth collector. Haven Pierce treas- 
urer and E. A. Whipple .street commissioner. At the first 
meeting of this board the following resolution was passed: 
"Resolved, That the corporation line be extended a half-mile 
each waj- from the center of Commercial Square so as to con- 
tain one mile square. All laws in relation to the corporation 
boundary passed May 5, 1838, are hereby repealed." At a 
meeting held May 11, 1840, it was ordered that a public well be 
dug in the Public Square and that it be walled with rock and a 
pump put in the same. May 7, 1840, R. M. Burton was ap- 
pointed clerk of the town board. The last entry in this book 
of proceedings was on September 4, 1841. It was ordered that 
a fine be imposed on Sample and others for discharging fire 
arms in the Public Square. This record was signed by 
William Holland as president. 

That closes the records of Washington until the town was 
incorporated under a special act of the Legislature of the State 
of Illinois, passed February 10, 1857. On March 25, 1857, the 
Board of Trustees met and organized. All members were pres- 
ent and were qualified by David Kyes. The first trustees 
were: John L. Marsh, R. B. M. Wilson, James Smith, Dan L. 
Miles and Jacob Sonneman. John L. Marsh was elected first 
president of the board, R. C. Dement clerk, Thomas Cress con- 
stable, Asa H. Danforth treasurer and Thomas Fish street 
commissioner. 

James Smith offered the first resolution: "Resolved, That 
any person riding or driving on anj' sidewalk inside of the cor- 
poration of the town of Washington shall pay a fine of $5.00, to 
be collected before any Justice of the Peace for the use of the 
inhabitants of the said town." 

The board of trustees elected in 1858 was Elias Wenger, 
Ben Tobias, Dan L. Miles, Jazer Sickler and Jacob Sonneman; 
W. P. Springate clerk. 



The board elected March 7, 1859, was Ben Tobias, John A. 
Andrews. Jazer Sickler, S. Y. Weiser and T. O. Brown. T. O. 
Brown was elected president, Wm. Springate clerk and Asa H. 
Danforth treasurer. The first dram shop ordinance was pass- 
ed April 19, 1859, and the first licenses were granted to George 
Jacquin, A. Vetterhiefer and Henrj" Bartlette, May 3, 1859. 

September 16, 1859, Ben Tobias and Jazer Sickler were ap- 
pointed a committee to receive propositions to build a jail. 
They reported they could bu3' a lot for S175 and get a jail built 
for $125. Report received. November 1, 1859, the lot on Jef- 
ferson street was bought for $175 and a contract to build the 
jail or calaboose was awarded to Jas. Smith & Sons for §136. 

The city of Washington was organized and the first elec- 
tion held April 16, 1878. Peter Fifer was elected first mayor 
and E. E. Heiple clerk. The following are the maj'ors who 
have since been elected: Second. Ben Tobias. 1879-80; 
third. L. S. North, 1881-82; fourth, J. G. Gorin. 1883-84; fifth, 
W. B. Harvey. 1885-86; sixth. W. B. Harvej', 1887-88; seventh. 
H. R. Danforth, 1889-90; eighth, G. W. Cress, 1891-92; ninth, J. 
H. Anthony, 1893-94; tenth, Ben Tobias, 1895-96; eleventh, Ben 
Frederick, 1897-98; twelveth, H. L. Price, 1899-1900; thirteenth, 
H. L. Price, 1901-02; fourteenth. D. J. Chaffer. 1903-04; fif- 
teenth, C. P. Cress, 1905-06. 

The first council on April 18, 1878, was Peter Fifer, mayor; 
E. E. Heiple. clerk; John Dougherty, attorney'; T. C. Sonne- 
man, treasurer; aldermen, Henrj' Mahle, Henry Denhart, Jas. 
Cameron, short term, one year; D. J. Chaffer, Lawson Holland, 
E. Rapp. long term, two j-ears. 

A contract was made with G. C. Morgan to install the wat- 
er works December 22, 1887. \V. B. Harvey was the mayor of 
the city. 

A contract was made with the Sun Electric Eight Co. and 
signed February 3, 1891. The incandescent lights boiler blew 
up and destroyed the plant February 4, 1895. The plant was 
then moved near the depot in 1891 and arc light installed. The 
Eagle Electric Co. was installed in 1900 with arc lights. 

Today Washington is the model little residence citj'. It 



has all the modern conveniences which go to make a happy 
and contented lot of people. It has a wealthy and progressive 
class of citizens. As has been truthfully stated there are 
more wealthy people residing here than in cities many times 
larger. Not only is this true but the people as a whole are all 
in moderate circumstances. 

The business Square of Washington was paved with brick 
in 1903 and one j-ear later South Main street was paved to the 
corporation line. A contract has now been let for the paving 
of the street to the city limits on the north. It will not be 
long until the streets are also paved to the city limits east and 
west. Gravel roads connect at the citj' limits and run in the 
four directions, the gravel road being nearlj' completed on 
the west all the way to Peoria. A fine water works system 
owned by the city, an electric lighting plant and man3' more 
conveniences now add to our comfort. An interurban railroad 
is soon to be built from Peoria through Washington to connect 
with Chicago. We already have three lines of steam railroads 
which place us in close touch with the outside world and af- 
ford competing freight rates. 

Picturesque Washington is published to show the world 
just what a model little city we have. The pictures are from 
actual photographs and show better than pages of printed 
matter how we look today. The pictures were taken in 
the winter time as it would be nearly irapossible^to do our pret- 
ty homes justice in the summer time, as we are blessed with 
such an abundance of noble old shade trees and shrubbery that 
they hide the view. 

The publishers are under obligations to the many public 
spirited citizens who have contributed to make the work possi- 
ble. While we have been unable to show all of our pretty 
homes, yet we have a good representation of the citj' as a 
whole. 

We desire to give credit to the late Mr. J. W. Dougherty, 
for maii3' years an honored member of the bar in this city, for 
many of the facts compiled in regard to the earl3' histor3- of 
Washington. The3' were taken from a history of the place 
compiled by him in 1878. 




VIEW OF COMMERCIAL SQUARE ON SATURDAY AFTERNOON 




MAYOR C. P. CRESS 





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SOUTH MAIN STREKT, SHOWING THE PAVED STREET 




B. WENK 




C. A. WALTMIRE 




K. N. KU KMAN 




P. A. BIRKETT 




H. R. DANFORTH RESIDENCE 






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EX-MAYOR H. R. DANFORTH 




H. R Danforth, Owner. THE DANFORTH HOTEL. J. W. Mohler & Son, Lessees. 




R. F. TANTON RESIDENCE 




WEST WASHINGTON- 



SHOWING THE RAPIDLY GROWING RINKENBERGER ADDITION ON THE LEFT 
THE NEW HIGHLAND PARK ADDITION ON THE RIGHT 





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JACOB MILLER 




DR. W. H. WEIRICK 




A. R. RICH 





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GEORGE HAGENSTOZ 




HENRY DENHART RESIDENCE 





HENRY DENHART & CO. BANK 



HENRY DENHART 




A. G. DANFORTH RESIDEXCE 




A. G. DANFORTH & CO. BANK 








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A SCENB ON THE MELBOURNE STOCK FARM OF A. G. DANFORTH & SON 




THE OLD J. A. ANDREWS HOMESTEAD 




I. ZIMSER CO. BLOCK 





MRS. I. ZINSEK KKSIDKNCE 



ELMER F. ZINSER 




H. D. HARMS RESIDENCE 




H. D. HARMS 




CHRISTIAN CHKKCH 




REV. D. "W. MADDEN 




.:.LKN UALIC CEJMETERY 




HENRY ESSER 

GROCERY AND BAKERY 

RESIDENCE 





FRANK S. HEIPLE RESIDENCE 




H. A. KINGSBURY RESIDENCE; 




F. S. HEIPLE BLOCK 




A. H. HKIPLIC 




HEIPLE & KINGSBURY TENEMENT HOUSES 




JOHN HALDERMAN 




W. E. THOMAS 




trKAXT HoKXISll 




HENRY HOPS 




CO 

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W. H. HAK\i:V KEsIDKNCK 




HON. W. B. HARVEY 
Ex-Mayor and Ex-Member of Illinois Legislature 




MRS. JENNIE DAVIS 




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CHRISpTRUBHAR 





GEO. M. MYERS RESIDKNCE 



GEO. M. MYERS 

MniiJLrer Washing-ton City-Rural 

Telephone Company. 



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DK. H. A. ZINSER RESIDENCE 




DR. H. A. ZINSER 




ST. MARK'S LUTHERAN CHURCH AND PARSONAGE 




REV. D. F. THOMAS 




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MRS. A AI^FHONSU KK&IUJiNCE 




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ASA H. DANFORTH 



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I). K. VAN METER 




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p. H. PARKER 




E. G. CHAFFER & CO. HARDWARE AND IMPLEMENT STORE 





Harle3' Heyl and 
his Ponies 



David Harum, 
Famous Prize 
Winning Shet- 
land Pony 




GEOKGE A. HEYE 




BIRD'S EYE VIEW OF THE GEO. A. HEYL SHETLAND PONY. POULTRY AND HOG FARM 




GEO. A. HEYL AND HIS MATCHED TEAM OF PRIZE WINNING SHETLAND PONIES 




ROEHM BROS. & CO. SIJOE STORE 




J. J. KOEHM RESIDENCE 



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W. F. ROEHM RESIDENCE 





VV. F. KOKHM 



KEV. E VONFREEDEN 




EVANGELICAL CHl'KCH AND PARSONAGE 




REV. F. F. JORDAN 




PANOkAMA VIEW OF COMMERCIAL SQUARE 




L. J. DANFORTH 
& CO. LUMBER 
YARD 



L. J. DANFORTH 
& CO. OFFICE 



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G. W. CRESS RESIDENCE 




HON. G. W. CRESS 
Ex-Mayor and Ex-County Treasurer 




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LAFAYETTE BIRKETT RESIDENCE 




METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH 




INTERIOR VIEW OF M. K CHIJRCH 




M. E. CHURCH PARSONAGE 




EBERT & MULLER LIVERY AND FEED STABLE 




P^RANK \V. MULLER RESIDENCE 




CHRISTIAN EBERT RESIDENCE 




SMITH & MOSI.EY CONCRETE BLOCK WORKS 




\VM. SMITH, Jr., RESIDENCE 
Being Constructed of Concrete Blocks 




PANORAMA VIEW COMMERCIAL SgUARE LOOKING FROM DENHAKT CuKXLK 





DR. W. A. GOTT RESIDENCE 



DR. W. A. GOTT 




CHAS. R. WEBSTER 




A. M. WEBSTER 




E. E. HEIPLE 




DR. W. A. MANSFIELD 




PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 




REV. I. A. CORNELISON, D. D. 




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PAL'L K. CidUUAKI) KESIDKXCK 
IN HIGHLAND PARK 



HOMlfi OF THi. i'L^- 




PAUL R. GODDARD 




THEO. KdEHM KESIlUiXCE IN HIGHLAND FAKK 




THEODORE ROEHM 




INTERIOR VIEWS OF THE STANDARD GROCERY 
HTTNGERFORD & WRIGHT 




C. Marquard 
Photographer 



G. W. Freese 
Supervisor 
Crug'er Twp. 
Photographer 




D. R. KYES 




THE WASHINGTON MILLING COMPANY 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 



DR. A. ALPHONSO was born in Germany March 10. 1858. 
Came to Illinois in 1861, enlisting in 1863 as acting surgeon in 
the 17th Illinois cavalry and serving one year. In 1875 he 
moved to Washington and opened the Alphonso Drug Store so 
familiar in our midst. Dr. Alphonso married Susan Cassen in 
1861 from which union there are two daughters and one son. 
At his death in I'lOt his daughter Clara took the active man- 
agement of the reorganized Dr. Alphonso Drug Co. and has met 
with marked success. 

WELLS ANDREWS and J. A. ANDREWS. The former 
was born in Alexandra, Virginia, which at that time was a part 
of the District of Columbia. Moved with his parents to Ohio, 
where, in 1827, John Asa Andrews was born. Together with 
their parents they came to Tremont, 111., moving to Washing- 
ton in 18+7. In 1851 they bought the old brick mill, which for 
years was known far and wide. In 1855 both brothers married. 
Wells to Tranquiline Burton and John Asa to MaryTelvaBurton. 
Wells had five children, namely, Robert, Joshua Harper, John 
A., Chester and Nannie. John Asa Andrews had six children, 
namely, CharlesW., James W,,TelvaB. Baker, Margaret Roehm, 
Jay and ^nna A. Goddard The Andrews brothers ran their bus- 
iness together until death interfered, without a scratch of the 
pen between them, and while it was not the best business course 
to pursue in man3- cases, in this case it was remarkably suc- 
cessful. Wells Andrews died in 1894 and John A. Andrews in 
1904, after which one of the heirs, J. A. Andrews, son of Wells, 
took charge of the mill and is running it at the present time. 

GEORGE W. BAYLER, of Jersey Lawn fame, where in 
years past there browsed a fine herd of prize winning Jerseys, 
was born at Washington in 1842, in a cabin surrounded by hazel 
bushes on the site of the residence now occupied by Post- 
master Heiple. Under the guidance of his father, John Bay- 
ler, he became a thorough blacksmith and iron worker, run- 
ning a factory in the same building now known as Holland 
Bros, livery until 1881, when he started importing horses from 
England and Scotland for the Melbourne Stock Farm, with 
whom he continued until 1893, when he established his present 
barn of horses at Jersey Lawn. He has owned and kept many 
valuable horses and cattle that have greatly improved the 



standard of farm animals in this vicinity. In 1890 he built his 
fine home which is well known on account of its hospitality. 
Mr. Bayler grew to manhood in the days when "prairie 
schooners" were common sights, deer and wild turkeys were 
plentiful and corn huskings and log rollings were pastimes, 
and when farmers hauled corn to Wesley City for 10 cents a 
bushel and dressed hogs for 51 25 per hundred. He has gradu- 
ally seen the development from hamlet to city until at last he 
sees it as represented bj- "Picturesque Washington." Mr. 
Bayler married Mary L. Smith in 1869, who died in 1870. They 
had a son, Wallace E., now of Chicago. He was married again 
in 1873 to Isadore Trimble, to whom a great part of his success 
is due. 

CHARLES L. BIRKETT was born iu the vicinity of Wash- 
ington on the farm so well known as Birkett's Dairy, where he 
lived until reaching manhood when he started farming on the 
place known as the Frank Wright farm, which he bought later 
on. His father was William Birkett, one of the early pioneers 
to this locality. In 1890 he became o%vner of the J. H. Anthony 
country homestead, a place better known to Washington people 
than many a home actually in our city. Before moving to 
Washington into his fine new residence, he owned and occupied 
the old Josiah Moore farm located about one mile south of 
town, an ideal country home. Mr. Birkett's popularity with 
the people is shown by his continuous election as supervisor 
since 1896, a position which he has successfuUj' and honorably 
filled. He married Clnra C. Van Camp in 1870 and has three 
sons and one daughter. 

PERRY A. BIRKETT, our popular dairyman, was born at 
the well known Birkett dairy farm where he attended school 
and grew up in the dairy business, gradually- mastering every 
detail and becoming so thorough as to be known as an expert 
in his line. In 1890 he took full charge as owner of the dairy 
and has developed a dairy business here larger by double than 
any one before him. The substantial home he now occupies 
was rebuilt and modernized in 1902, and is one of our most hos- 
pitable homes. Good butter, cream and milk bring good dol- 
lars, if a 400-acre Nebraska farm and a good Illinois farm are 
any criterions. Mr. Birkett married Emma V. Thomas in 1882. 
Thev have two daughters and one son. 



LAFAYETTE BIRKETT is probably the most active re- 
tired fanner in our conimuiiitj'. His parents were aniong^ our 
earliest settlers and established the well known Birkett dairy 
farm where the subject of our sketch was born, educated and 
grew to manhood. He followed the occupation of farming, 
confining himself mostly to stock raising: besides was a 
shrewd, successful speculator in real estate, his success being 
attested to by the numerous farms which he owns in Illinois, 
Indiana and elsewhere. He has always been prominently 
identified with the Methodist church, is a consistent member 
and has been trustee for the past six years. In 1896 he bought 
the old Bassett place, which he rebuilt and modernized, then 
sold it and in lys built the beautiful home he now occupies on 
Jefferson street. Mr. Birkett married Helen Mooberry of 
Groveland. Illinois, in 1871. They have two daughters and a son. 

ELIJAH G. CHAFFER, our hardware merchant in his 
three front store, carries one of the largest hardware and im- 
plement stocks in Central Illinois and enjoys a trade in pn^por- 
tion. A great part of his time is taken up looking after his 
farm lands in Utah and his mining property in California and 
Utah Mr. Chaffer was born in Deer Creek in 18.^0 and now 
makes Boulder, Colo., his home. He was married in 1871 and 
has two sons and three daughters. Harley, the older son, has the 
management of the business here which he gives close attention. 
Harley Chaffer was born in Deer Creek, attended the Universi- 
ty of Minnesota, also played left guard on the basket ball team 
at a time when the team was champion of Minnesota. Married 
Mary Stormer in 1903 and has two sons. 

C. P. CRESS, mayor of Washington, was born in Worth 
township, three miles north of Washington, February 2, 185V 
He lived on the farm until 1892 when he moved to Wash- 
ington. His father, Andrew Cress, was one of the earliest 
settlers to this locality, coming here from Virginia in 
1833. He homesteaded and paid the government SI. 25 an 
acre for the farm now owned by our inaj'or. Mr. Cress has 
held many positions of public trust, assessor, school director, 
alderman, and April, 19U5, he was elected mayor of the city. 
He has been successful as a business man and besides owning 
one of the best farms in Central Illinois he also owns lands and 
propertj' in other states, also his fine home in this city. In 
1874 he married Elizabeth Baker and the}' have two daughters, 
Mr?. Paul W. Busse and Mrs. E, A. Morrow. 



GEORGE W. CRESS, popular citizen and horseman, was 
born in 1846. On reaching manhood he followed stock raising 
and farming until 1881, when with his brothers he moved 
to Washington and erected large barns and began importing 
horses from England, France and Scotland, under the firm 
name of Cress Bros., which business they continued until 1891, 
when they dissolved and G. W. continued the business. Mr, 
Cress was elected to nearly every important otfice in the town- 
ship, being alderman several terms, member of board of edu- 
cation and president of board, tax collector, supervisor,, also 
the highest honor within the gift of the people — mayor of our 
city. Besides he was elected county treasurer in 1898, serving 
four years, after which he again engaged in the horse business 
and also in hatidling real estate. Mr Cress is a genial, whole- 
souled fellow and good to meet at any time. He married Celia 
A. Thompson and has three daughters. 

CLYDE M. DUNNINGTON was born in Atlanta, Mo., and 
moved to Washington in 1880, where he received his education 
and grew to manhood. In 1894 he entered H. Denhart & Co. 's 
bank as messenger boj-, gradually' working up until today he 
fills the enviable position of head book-keeper. In 1900 Mr. 
Dunnington took up life and fire insurance, in which he has 
been very successful. As a city we take a pride in our boys 
and watch them as they gradually round out their destiny, 
and certainly gladly note Clyde's success. 

L. J. DANFURTH, the lumberman, was born in Deer 
Creek and on growing to manhood farmed one of the finest 
farms in that part of the country. He was school treasurer of 
Deer Creek township for a great many years. Some years ago 
with F. L. Belsly and his brother, James A., he became inter- 
ested in the Deer Creek bank, and in 1903 bought the H. Den- 
hart & Co. 's lumber yards, at which time he settled in our 
midst. He is a progressive, successful business man and has 
brought the lumber yard up to modern ideas. Besides 480 acres 
in South Dakota he has a lot of good Illinois soil. Mr. Dan- 
forth married Julia Kingsbury in 1883. Two sons and four 
daughters were born to this union. 

MRS. ROBERT DAVIS, formerly Jennie M. Kirk, is best 
known to us as a teacher in our public schools for many years 
and through her marriage to Robert Davis in 1894, T., P. & W. 
agent here from 18 4 until his death in 1901. Mr. Davis was 
born in Larne, Ireland, in 1851; came to Illinois in 1870, moving 



to WasliiiifTton in 1874. He was genial, good natured and pop- 
ular with the people; he served as alderman for a great many 
terms, besides was treasurer of the lodges A. F. & A. M., 
Taylor 98 and Tazewell chapter 199, R. A. M.. holding these 
positions at his death. They built the fine home Mrs. Davis 
now occupies on Peoria street in 1894. 

A G. DANFORTH, banker and horseman, was born in 
Washington in 1840, receiving his education in the home 
schools, Eureka College and Knox College, Galesburg. In 
1857 he was made cashier of the Prairie State bank which po- 
sition he held until 1862 when he went into the mercantile 
business, as member of the firm of A. H. Danforth & Co. In 
1872 the banking firm of Danforth, Snow & Co. was organized. 
Three years later Mr. Snow withdrew and A. G. Danforth con- 
tinued the business under the firm name of A. G. Danforth & 
Co. Mr. Danforth as a breeder of fine horses has a reputation 
which fully justifies the 1,200 acres of good Illinois soil and 
immense expenditures given to this branch of his business. 
Years ago Fairy Gift was a household word and more lately St. 
Vincent and Little Louise, 2:10'4, were identified with this 
farm. Mr. Danforth has a fine home on South Main street on 
the same spot where Wm. Holland, our earliest pioneer, erected 
his log cabin in 1825. Mr. Danforth was married to Susan A. 
Burton in 1861. They have six children, George C. ; Jessie, 
wife of Homer W. McCoy of Chicago; Catherine A., wife of G. 
B. Franks, Peoria; Asa H. ; Mary D., wife of George M. Stim- 
son, and Helen. 

HENRY R. DANFORTH, banker and expert farmer, is a 
native of our city, being born here in 1842, receiving his edu- 
cation at the public schools with a course at Lombard College, 
Galesburg, Illinois. Always shrewd and successful, on having 
his attention called to the swamp lands of Iroquois county it 
did not take him long to recognize the immense possibilities 
there and in 1865 immediately acquired all of these lands he 
could possibl}' get control of, and through practical and scien- 
tific drainage reclaimed and put a value on them undreamed 
of by most men. Wealth acquired through such activity and 
daring is certainly earned and worthy people's applause. Mr. 
Danforth built the Danforth Hotel and to show their apprecia- 
tion the people unanimously elected him mayor, the highest 
honor our city can bestow. Together with his uncle, Geo. W. 
Danforth, he built the town of Danforth, 111. He also owned 



and conducted a banking business there. In 1884, the family 
returned to Washington where Mr. Danforth retired from 
active labor. Mr. Danforth married Mary E. Wenger of (Oil- 
man, 111., and of this union three children are living, Josephine, 
now Mrs. C. V. Miles, Herman W., a lawyer of Peoria, and 
Elizabeth Sarah. 

HENRY DENHART, prominent banker and churchman, 
was born in Germany in 1842, living there until eleven years 
of age when he came to the United States, locating in Wash- 
ington in 1853. He received his early education at our public 
schools after which he followed various occupations up to 1866 
when he and Chas. E. Anthony opened a dry goods business 
under the firm name of Anthony & Denhart. They continued 
in business until 1885 when Mr. Denhart assumed full control 
and management of the reorganized H. Denhart & Co. dry 
goods business. He afterward sold this business and bought 
the J. C. Kimble lumber yards which he operated until 1903. In 
1867 Chas. E. Anthony and Henry Denhart organized the bank 
of Anthony & Denhart, continuing until 1885 when Mr. An- 
thony retired, leaving Mr. Denhart with a responsibility which 
he has met most successfully. Mr. Denhart deserves special 
mention on his church work. He is a strong Lutheran, sincere 
and consistent and is always ready and willing to do anything 
to help better this good cause. His ability is substantially at- 
tested to by 20,000 acres of land in Louisiana as well as im- 
mense holdings in Illinois and Iowa. Political offices do not 
appeal to Mr. Denhart and with the exception of being a 
councilman in 1877 he has not held office. He married Clara 
S. Lawson in 1872 and they occupy the beautiful home 
on South Main street which adds so much to the beauty of 
our city. 

HENRY ESSER, one of our successful merchants, was 
born in Alsace, Germanj', and moved to Washington in 1886. 
At a young age he became identified with the grocery business 
as clerk; always pleasant and ever ready to serve the people 
he attended strictly to business, so when he opened his present 
large store in 19(i2 all prophesied it would be a success from 
the very first; his rushing business of today justifies that 
prophecy. Mr. Esser bought and located in his present home 
in 1905 and has a fine and prominent site. He married Hattie 
Moehl in 1904. 



CHRISTIAN EBERT was born in Roberts, Fulton County, 
Illinois, anil moved to Washing^ton where with his brother they 
forn^ed the tirni of Ebert Bros., well dig-ging outfit, which line 
they followed successful!}' for a good manj' j-ears. In 190S 
Mr. Ebert and Mr. Frank Muller, under the firm name of Ebert 
& Muller, bought the Berney livery barn, which through addi- 
tional buildings and general renovating they have developed 
into one of the best livery and feed stables in Central Illinois. 
Mr. Ebert was married to Matilda Bertha Keil in 1896 and has 
three sons and two daughters. 

REV. E. VONFREEUEN was born in Norden, Germany, 
in 1831, where he attended school and received the greater 
part of his education. He came to Illinois in 1848. settling at 
Holland's Grove. In 18,57 he became identified with the Ger- 
man Evangelical church and served his first congregation as 
regular minister at Perkin's Grove in 18,58, after which he suc- 
cessfully filled a big majority of the main charges, including 
Chicago. Barrington, Aurora, Kankakee, Peoria, Geneseo and 
Elgin. He was a hard worker at the conference and filled all 
the dififereiit offices at various times, serving on the board of 
trustees for years, besides being secretary of the Conference 
Missionary Society for fifteen years. Rev. von Freeden moved 
to Washington in 1892 and built the beautiful cottage the}' now 
occupy in 1893 He married Madaline Jantzi in 18,56 and have 
two children, Henry William and Edna. 

DR. W. A. GOTT, our popular and successful physician, 
was born in Louisville, Kentuck}', coming to Washington with 
his parents in 1883. He attended our public schools, graduat- 
ing with the class of 1895, then went to Chicago where he 
studied medicine and graduated with the class of 1901. Dr. 
Gott is a home product and Washington takes considerable 
pride in watching his successful development. The fine prac- 
tice he enjoys today is the result of conscientious attention to 
his work, backed bj' a thorough understanding of his profes- 
sion. He bought the Wm. Birkett homestead Januarj' 1, 1906. 
which he rebuilt and improved, making a fine modern home of 
it. Dr. Gott married Olivia Berney in 1902 They have one 
daughter. 

J. R. GOTT, our well known railroad man, was born in 
Montgomery County, Indiana, and moved to Washington in 
1883. He bought the home he now occupies in 1891 and has a 
fine location. Mr. Gott has been identilied with the T., P. & 
W. railroad for vears and in 1887, in recognition of his valued 



services, he was promoted to the lucrative position of Superin- 
tendent of Bridges and Buildings of the East Division, a posi- 
tion which he holds successfully today. Married in 1876. He 
has two sons and one daughter. Dr W. A. Gott is the oldest son 
and Charles holds a fine position with the engineering depart- 
ment of the C. & E. I. railroad. 

EMANUEL GARBER, the popular real estate dealer, 
was born near Pekin and moved in the vicinity of Washington 
in 1874, later on attending the Washington High School, also 
State University of Champaign, but not completing a full 
course in the latter. He married Ida Birkett in 18't7 at which 
time he came to our city, buying the old Witte bakery, in 
which he continued until 1900 when with Mr. L. Wehner he 
bought the Chapman & Kingsbury grocery. This business was 
sold by Mr. Garberon opening the Birkett & Garber Realty Co., 
in which he has been very successful. In 1904 this firm opened 
Highland Park Addition, consisting of 60 acres and with the 
interurban prospects realized will make them a little fortune. 
He was elected alderman in 1903, besides having served on the 
democratic city committee and often as delegate to the county 
conventions. His family consists of two daughters, Mildred 
Frances and Helen Miriam. 

PAUL R. GODDARD, editor of Thk W.^shingto.n Post, 
was born in Monroe Count}', N. Y. When a boy he moved with 
his parents to Iowa where he commenced to learn the printing 
business when 13 years of age. He served his time as appren- 
tice and was admitted to the International Typographical 
Union in 1884. When 20 years of age in company with his 
brother they purchased the Sioux Falls Daily Argus-Leader 
which they conducted for a number of years While still pub- 
lishing this paper Mr. Goddard went to Pierre, S. D., where he 
founded the Pierre Daily Capital and ran the same success- 
fully for several years. In 1894 he sold his interests in 
the west and came to Illinois where he engaged in newspaper 
work until 1899 when he came to Washington and purchased 
Thk Post. July 16, 1902, he married Anna A. Andrews and they 
have one daughter. 

FRANK B. HUNGBRFORD. one of our promising young 
merchants, was born near Rutland. Illinois, where he passed 
his younger days and received his education. Later on he 
followed that healthful and independent occupation, farming, 
in which he successfully continued until 1905, when with I. J. 
Wright he opened the Standard grocery store which firui is en- 



joyiiig^ a fine trade in this community. Mr. Hung-erford mar- 
ried Melissa Smith, daughter of W. H. Smith. They have one 
daughter. 

H. D. HARMS, banker and real estate dealer in larg-e 
tracts and timber lands, was bcrn in Washington where he re- 
ceived his education, spent his boyhood days and grew to 
manhood. In 1886 he entered the banking house of U. Denhart 
A Co., where he gradually so successfully mastered the detail 
as to attract his uncle, Henry Denharfs, attention, who organ- 
ized and opened a bank at Roanoke, 111., with Heury and his 
brother Louis as partners which under their management be- 
came a power in its locality. Later on Henry gave over the 
management of the bank proper to Louis and took up the out- 
side real estate department Here we see him at his best. 
With Cole of Chicago they have swung large tracts of real 
estate, both farming and timber, until today, although young 
men, they have independent fortunes and are certainly self- 
made men. Mr. Harms is a good fellow, well met— philanthrop- 
ic, public spirited and a good citizen. He has a fine home on 
South Main street, grandly furnished, where hospitality is 
shown properly. He married Josephine Chaflr'er in 1900. 

GEORGE A. HEYL is without doubt one of the best 
known and most extensive breeders, dealers and exhibitors of 
fancy stock and fowls in the great state of Illinois. He was 
bornon a farm in Mason County, where he grew up and with 
his father followed fancy stock raising until 1891, when he 
moved to Washington and began an independent career with 
marked success. In 1894 he made exhibits at the State Fair 
and three poultry shows, receiving one hundred and twenty- 
eight fir? t and seventeen second premiums. He has thirty-two 
varieties of the finest land and water fowls known in America. 
His herd of swine is one of the most valuable in the state, be- 
ing headed by that great patriarch. Black Chief's Rival, be- 
sides Young Chief Perfection, At difl-'erent public sales his 
hogs have averaged S75, SlOO andS120, suprisingly high prices. 
Mr. HevTs big herd of Shetland ponies, headed by David Har- 
um (4146), is one of the most attractive and profitable parts of 
his farm, in fact the enviable reputation enjoyed by Mr Heyl 
is greatly due to this herd. Some years ago he was honored as 
an instructor on fancv stock at the Agricultural Experiment 
Station of Iowa, andhas also frequently served as judge at 
diiferent fairs, showing that his expert knowledge and thor- 
ough business methods are appreciated by those whom he 



meets in his business life. Mr. Heyl married Sarah E. Blum- 
enshine and has three children, two daughters and one son. 

FRANK W. HOPS, the popular cashier at Henry Denhart 
& Co., bankers, was born in Peoria, 111., moving with his par- 
ents to Washington in 1874, where he received the greater part 
of his schooling and grew to manhood. In March, 1882, he be- 
came identified with H. Denhart & Co., gradually working up 
until today as cashier and confidential man, combined with his 
popularity, he stands as part of the assets of the bank. His 
integrity and strict attention to business, developed from a 
strong character, has won for him: and coming youngsters can 
well profit by his success. Mr. Hops in 1890 married Carrie 
B Voorhees, who died in 1900, He has one son, Donald. He 
built the beautiful home now occupied by H. D. Harms in 1896, 
living there until his wife's death. He was city clerk from 
1886-88. His success is partly attested to by farms in Iowa and 
Nebraska and other investments. 

A. H. HEIPLE, our popular postmaster, was born in 
Pennsylvania and moved to Washington in 1857. He has been 
prominent in politics many years but became active in 1878 on 
becoming identified with the Washington News, which paper 
he owned and edited for twenty-five years. Mr. Heiple at pres- 
ent is Tazewell County member of the congressional commit- 
tee, also a member of the county and township committees. In 
1897 he was appointed postmaster which position he has filled 
so as to receive special mention from the government. In 
1896 he bought and rebuilt the home which he now occupies. 
Mr. Heiple married Florence Kingsbury in 1884. They have a 
son and daughter. 

JOHN C. HALDERMAN, son of Rev. G. W. Halderman 
and Mrs. Philecta M. (Griswold) Halderman, the popular 
pastor and his wife who so pleasantly and successfully served 
the St. Mark's Lutheran church from 1883 to 1887, both spiritu- 
ally and musically, vras born in Lancaster, Ohio, where he re- 
ceived the greater part of his education and spent most of his 
boyhood days. On reaching manhood he became idetitified 
with newspaper work in New York City, Lancaster and Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, which he followed with marked success up to his 
father's death when he entered the banking business in Ne- 
braska, and later, in 1903, came to H. Denhart & Co., bankers, 
of our city His genial disposition is always on deposit and 
pays a good interest to those coming in contact. Mr. Halder- 
man married Mabel Riley in 1902. 



HEXRV HOPS, our well known tailor, was born in Germany 
in 1S34. moved to Peoria in 185(1 and to Washington in 1S74, where 
he formed the partnership of Hops & Schwarzenliolz. which for 
years enjo_\ed an envious reputation. At the death of Mr. Sehwarz- 
enholz. the subject of our sketch assumed control of tin- business. 
Mr. Hops was married at Peoria in 1858 and the\ have a family 
consisting of Elizabeth, Henry. Frank and George. 

GRANT HORNISH first attracts our attention when at 13 
years of age, he started clerking for his father at the old Hornish 
corner. In 1890 he organized and was active pirtner of the firm 
of Hornish Bros. & Co., until a few years ago. when the business 
was discontinued entirely. His thrift was rewarde 1 with farms in 
Kansas and Iowa, besides other property in Port .\rtlnir and here 
at home. Grant is strictly a native son, not only bjing born at 
Washington, but marrying a Washington daughter, Florence Kern, 
in 1883. They have the following children : Beulah K., Grace and 
Kern McLean. 

GEORGE HAGENSTOZ, a retired farmer, was born in Fon- 
dulac Townsliip and moved to a farm two miles northwest of town 
in 1886. This farm under his management developed into one of 
the best farms in this part of the country and Mr. Hagenstoz has 
proven himself one of our most industrious and successful farmers. 
In 1904 he built tiie beautiful home on West Jefferson which he now 
occupies with his family, consisting of wife, five girls and one son. 
He was married in 1879. 

WESLEY B. HARVEY, prominent citizen and churchman, was 
born in Newark, Ohio, in 1824. When 4 years of age he came with 
his parents, James and Mary Ann (Binningsley) Harvey, early pio- 
neers to Tazewell County, locating within one and one-half miles 
of Washington. On growing to manhood he owned and farmed 
a place in Deer Creek Township until 1858, when he sold the farm 
and moved to Washington. He has always been highly respected 
as a citizen and has been honored by the people with th..- offices of 
Justice of the Peace for twenty years ; Supervisor for ten years ; 
mayor two terms; and in 1880 was elected to the lower house of 
the Legislature, serving two years. But the highest honor, of whicli 
he can well be proud, is forty-five years as chairman of the Board 
of Trustees of the M. E. church. Mr. Harvey married Eliza Barrett 
of Mt. \'ernon, 111,, who died in 1891. In 1892 he was united in 



marriage at Eureka to .Mrs. Nancy (Forbes) Sheppard, widow of 
I'r. R. H. Sheppard. 

1-'R.\NK S. IIEIPLE. our well known real estate dealer, was 
born in Pennsylvania and moved to Washington in 1857. He at- 
tended Carthage college, being a member of the college band, and 
later on Ijelonged to the old Washington band, .so well known in this 
section for ye.irs. He was active partner of the old Heiple & Port- 
man mercantile firm, which for years was so successful in our midst 
.Mr. Heiple started in the real estate business in 1888, besides from 
1890 on did a specially good paying insurance business. In 1899 h.- 
reorganized here under the firm name of Heiple & Kingsbury and 
as Heiple, Kingsbury & Carr in Sion.x Falls, South Dakota, which 
firms enjoyed a tremendous business in the South Dakota field. 
Heiple & Kingsbury bought the old Schertz bank at Metamora in 
1902. Mr. Heiple is interested in real estate in several states and 
is counted one of our most successful citizens. He has been school 
treasurer for several years. He married Maud Crane in 1880 and 
has six sons and four daughters. 

ELI E. HEIPLE was born in Pemisylvania in 1830, where he 
received his education and his early business training. He came to 
Washington in 1857, accepting a position with Andrews, Miles & 
Co., which he held for seven years, then was with Anthony & Den- 
hart for two years. In 1867 he bjcame identified with the grain, 
coal and stock business, establishing a reputation which has made 
it possible for Iiim to continue successfullv ever since. Mr. Heiple 
has always been prominent in our city's development, was our first 
city clerk, b.eing elected in 1877, and for thirty years held the offices 
of town clerk and town assessor. He built his present home in 18 — . 
Mr. Heiple married Mary E. Snyder in 1850. who died in 1886. 
leaving two sons. He married Charlotte E. Mahle in 1S88. 

HARLAN A. KINGSBURY, well known citizen and real estate 
dealer, was born in Washington, where he has lived ever since, 
receiving his education at our public schools and Eureka college. 
In 188S he accepted a position as traveling salesman with a Chicago 
wholesale house, which he filled most successfully until 1896 when 
he bought a half interest in the Chapman groccrv store, under the 
firm name of Chapman & Kingsbury. Mr. Kingfburv entered the 
real estate business with F. S. Heiple in 1S99 and as Heiple &■ 
Kingsburv here and Heiple. Kingsbury & Carr. Sioux Falls, South 
D.ikota. enjoyed a decidedly successful business. In 1903 Heiple & 



Kingsbury added the Metamora bank to their interests and have 
estabhshed a fine reputation as bankers in their community. Mr. 
Kingsbury built the beautiful home he now occupies in 1903. His 
business success is substantially shown by the good farms and large 
acreages he owns in Illinois and other states. He married Clara 
Kern in 1885. 

D. R. KYES, our ex-marshal, was born in Washington, where 
he attended school and resided until 1880. when he went east, enter- 
ing the employ of the Keystone Steel Bridge & Building Company of 
Pittsburg, Pa., following the steel structural business until 18S5, at 
which time he was transferred to the B. & O. Railroad Co. of Phila- 
delphia, taking charge of the steel draw bridges running from Balti- 
more, Washington, D. C, and New York City to Philadelphia, mak- 
ing Elizabeth, N. J., his home the greater part of the time. In 1895 
he resigned his position and moved to Everett, Washington, and in 
i8g8 to Washington, 111. In 1899 he left for the Klondyke gold fields 
and met with marked success until through an accident he lost the 
use of his left arm, which necessitated a rest and he returned to 
Washington. Mr. Kyes was appointed city marshal by Mayor 
Chaffer in 1903, a position which he filled most admirably. In 1905 
he returned to the Pacific coast and at the present time is employed 
by the Justice Gold Mining Co., Monte Cristo, Utah. Mr. Kyes 
was married to Clara R. Doyle in 1900 and they have an interesting 
family of five girls and one boy. They occupy the cozy new home 
built by them a few years ago. 

FRANK W. MULLER, our prominent young farmer, was 
born on a farm one mile west of Washington. He attended our 
public school, after which he followed farming, having thoroughly 
learned this business from his father, a practical farmer. Mr. 
Muller also buys and sells western horses by the carload and has 
been very successful. In 1905 with Chris Ebert he bought the 
Berney livery barn, one of the best locations in Central Illinois, 
and through rebuilding and new equipments, has made it a model 
livery. He built the new country home on the outskirts of West 
JefTerson street in 1900. Mr. Muller married Ethel Minch in 1901. 
They have three sons. 

VAN SELLER MOSLEY, our well known masonry and plas- 
tering contractor, was born in Edgar County. Illinois, moving to 
Washington in July, 18S5. Received his education in our public 
schools. He served his apprenticeship with his father, after which 



he launched out for himself and with marked success. An expert 
at his work, of a genial disposition, his popularity is easily under- 
stood. In 1905 Mr. Mosley, with Wm. Smith. Jr.. commenced the 
manufacture of cement blocks, a building material that in a few- 
years will replace considerable lumber, ow4ng to its high price and 
scarcity. This firm has engaged in this business at the opportune 
time and is meeting with remarkable encouragement. Seller is one 
of the charter members of our well known Washington band and 
at present is assistant director. He married Emyline Kinsinger in 
1904. They have one boy. 

GEO. M. MYERS, our popular telephone man, was born in 
Woodford County in 1835. He moved on a farm one and a half 
miles south of Washington in 1893, where he successfully carried 
on farming and threshing for about twenty years. He came to 
our city in 1898 and built his present home on South Main street 
in 1899. Mr. Myers, with other parties, bought the Washington 
Bell telephone outfit in 1903 and a year later he took full control. 
Under his management the e.\clian.ge has been rebuilt and developed 
to a point where it is hard to improve further. In 1905 he placed 
the W'ires in the business part underground, an improvement ot 
which very few small cities can boast. The extending of the toll 
line to Peicin and various points is the result of his efforts to please 
his patrons and is in line with his efforts in general. Mr. Myers 
owns farms in Illinois and Indiana. In 1886 he married Mary E. 
Van Camp and they have one son. 

JACOB MILLER, one of our well known retired farmers, was 
born in Hesse. Darmstadt. Germany, and came to Washington in 
1858. living on a farm a few miles east of town, where he married 
Susan Moschel of Peoria in 1884. They moved to our city in 1899. 
where Mr. Miller had built a beautiful home and which he enjoyed 
to the fullest until about a 'ear ago, when death claimed his wife. 
Woodford County, where he lived so long, honored him as Super- 
visor for a couple of terms. He has a fine farm here as well as in 
Nebraska. 

W. S. NORRIS, marshal of Washington and well known citi- 
zen, was born in this township and has lived here all his life. His 
father came here in 1S33 from England, and engaged in saw mill 
work, afterwards turning his attention to farming. He was a sol- 
dier of the Mexican and Civil wars. Mr. Norris owns a fine farm 
west of Washinarton. where he has lived most of the time since he 



was married until two years ago. when he bought a tine home and 
moved to town. He has held many positions of trust, among them 
school director, commissioner of highways, constable and city mar- 
shal. In 1887 he married Mary Odcll and to this union two sons 
and a daughter were born. 

W. A. PFEIFFER. our Big Store merchant, was born in Germ.my. 
moved to New York when 7 years of age and came here in 1899, 
forming the firm of Mnstoller & Pfeiffer. with which he continued 
until 1897 when he assumed full control as W. A. Pfeiffer & Co. 
His time outside of his business is taken up with his farms in 
Missouri. Iowa. Texas and Kansas, and other property, as well as 
his duties n.s a member of the school board. He also served as 
alderman. He was married to Sophia Reurs in New York state in 
1886 and they have five children, n;imel)-. Pauline. Elsie. William F-. 
Ernest and Raymond. 

P. H. P.'\RKER. better known as Ham. was born in Wood- 
ford County and in 1870 moved to Washington. In 1878 he became 
identified in the grocery business as partner of the firm of C. J. 
Gib.son & Co., which house was very prominent in business circles 
at that time. The public knows Mr. Parker best since he became 
assistant postmaster in November, 1900, a position which he fills 
to the satisfaction of all. Mr. Parker is a prominent Mason, be- 
longing to Taylor Lodge 98 A. F. & .-V. M.. Tazewell Chapter 199 
R. .A. M.. and Washington Council 77 R. S. & M., and is treasurer 
of all three, an honor not often conferred on a member. He mar- 
ried Mary B. Foster of Peoria m 1875. 

THEODORE ROEHM was born in Washington, where he at- 
tended the public schools and graduated with the class of 1886. At 
an early age he became identified with the retail shoe business, 
thoroughly mastering the details and finding himself at 19 years of 
age capable of representing one of the largest shoe manufacturers 
in the country as traveling salesman, in which capacity he sold 
goods in all the larger cities of the United States and for five and 
a half years, made the Pacific coast trip, a territory requiring more 
salesmanship and being more remunerative than any other. He 
built the fine home he now occupies in 1904. It is located on a 
beautiful spot in Highland Park and is one of our prettiest homes. 
Mr. Roehm married Margaret .\ndrews, daughter of John Asa, 
in 1894. They have two sons and two daughters. 



\VM. Kl XKENBERGI'.R. the prominent contractor and builder, 
was born at I'armdale, on a farm which his parents settled on when 
tirst m.irricd and which today, after 60 years, they still occupy. This 
same place was also farmed by his grandfather. Mr. Rinkenbergcr 
moved here in 1900, following his occupation, and came into special 
prominence when in 1901 he opened Rinkenbergcr's addition, which 
he has gradually developed until today he has a little town of his 
own. The number of men he employs, the machinery he h;is in his 
shop and the energy displayed by this man makes him a power in 
our community. We need more like him. He was elected alder- 
man in 1904. He has a fine farm six miles from town. Mr. Rinken- 
bergcr was married in 1887 and lost his wife in i8gi. He has one 
son. 

ALBERT R. RICH, attorney-at-law, was born on a farm near 
Metamora in 1845, where he grew to manhood. In 1876 he grad- 
uated at the Union College of Law, Chicago, and was admitted to 
the bar July 4, 1876. He came to Washington in 1901 and in 1903 
built the fine home he now occupies on Elm street. Mr. Rich's prac- 
tice consists chiefly of real estate law and chancery, practicing in 
all courts. The subject of our sketch was married in 1879 to Mary 
E. Slemmons and they have three sons. Charles C. graduates this 
June at the University of Illinois. D. Homer is a member of class 
1908 of the same place. 

W. F. ROEHM, the old reliable shoe merchant, was born in 
Wuttenburg, Germany, in 1833, moved to Detroit, Mich., in 1847, 
then to Peoria in 1856, and came here in 1865, where he opened a 
shoe store and established a reputation through which he has always 
enjoyed a large trade. He was alderman at the time our public 
park was created. Never took active part in politics, although al- 
ways a staunch Republican. He has well improved farms in Kansas 
and Nebraska. On one of his Nebraska farms he has established a 
large cattle ranch which has been a decided success. He married 
Catharine Jantzi at Peoria in 1856, from which union there are 
three daughters and three sons. 

JULIUS J. ROEHM and shoes are synonymous. When only 
17 years of age we find him in charge of his father's branch shoe 
store at Forrest, 111. At 24 years of age he became silent partner 
of the wholesale shoe house of Geo. A. Brown & Co., Peoria, 111., 
in which position he continued until 1891 when he organized and 



1)cc:imL' iniinagiiig partner of ihe tinn of Koehm Bros. 6c Co. flie 
fates have been kind to him. otherwise the Chatsvvorth wreck would 
have numbered hiiu among the eighty-one killed, as he was one 
of the few that came through unscratched. He marricil Kmma 
Kyes in 1892 and has two sons. 

FREDERICK RICKMAN was born in Prussia, Germ.my, and 
moved to Washington in it-'6o. As a carpenter contractor he became 
a member of the firm of Harrington & Rickman. which later on 
dissolved when Mr. Rickman as boss contractor became one of our 
best known builders. He was alderman at dififerent times and as 
city engineer was instrumental in getting our first pavement nn- 
provement started right. Mr. Rickman married Sophia Baker m 
1859, from which union five sons and live daughters were born. 
Three sons and two daughters are now living. 

MRS. EDMUND J. REICH, daughter of the well known 
Philip and Catherine Orth, was born in Washington, where she was 
educated. She married Edmund J. Reich in 1884. They have two 
children. Marv Elizabeth and Emily Theresa. Mr. Reich built and 
occupied the Danforth liank building until a few years ago when 
he sold it to the present owners. It is one of our best business 
blocks. The present home of Mr. and Mrs. Reich on South Mam 
street was planned and built by Mrs. Reich. It is a fine place with 
modern conveniences. For years Mrs. Reich has been a professional 
nurse and has met with marked success. 

GEO. M. STIMSOX, our prominent and progressive citizen 
and banker, was born in Patterson. N. J. .\t an early age he moved 
to Peoria, 111., where he received his education. He began his bank- 
ing career in 1884 with the Commercial National Bank, continuing 
there until 1898, when he came to Washington as cashier of the 
A. G. Danforth & Co. bank, his present position. Mr. Stimson's 
genial disposition and popularity was recognized by the people in 
electing him to two terms as alderman and live years as member of 
the school board, which offices he holds at the present time. He 
is a member of the Executive Committee of the State Bankers asso- 
ciation and from 1903 to 1904 was a member of Tazewell County 
Board of Review. In 1898 he moved into his present home, one 
of the most splendid and finest in our beautiful city. Mr. Stimson 
married Mary Telva Danforth in 1898 and they have a son and a 
daughter. 

CHRISTIAN STRUBH.VR. a well-to-do retired farmer, was 



born in .McLean Cuunt.\ . 111.. in<i\'ing t(j \\'a-.hiiigtoii in 186.=; with 
his parents, and locating on the farm so well known as the Strub- 
bar country homestead. His father. Peter T. Strubh:ir, was one of 
the best known and most respected men in his time. The subject 
of our sketch moved to Washington in 1903 with liis family on a 
beautiful site on North Hill. The people soon recognized his 
ability by electing him for alderman in 1904. As a substantial rec- 
ognition of his thrift he owns considerable farm property in Indiana 
and Illinois. Mr. Strubhar has four daughters and one son. 

WM. SMITH, JR., the builder and contractor, is not - only 
well known from his own good works, but is descended from a 
family whose past two or three generations hive enjoyed an envi- 
ous reputation as first-class, conscientious builders. His father prac- 
tically built the Henry Denhart residence, oije of our finest and 
most e-xpensive homes. Mr. Smith was born in Washington, receiv- 
ing his education at our public schools, and some years later took 
an architectural course with the International Correspondence 
School. This combining of science and practical work partly ac- 
counts for the fine reputation he enjoys. With Mr. Mosley he 
began the manufacture of cement blocks in 1905 and had a good 
trade at the very start, being unable to take care of all the orders, 
and they will be compelled to increase the capacity this coming sea- 
son. These cement blocks are supplanting lumber the world over 
and in a few years cement houses will be common sights. Mr. 
Smith's present home is being built of cement blocks and will be 
finished this year. He married Minnie Earl in 1900. 

R. F. TANTON, retired capitalist, was born in Woodford 
County and moved to Washington in 1893. In 1902 he moved into 
his present home on South Main 'street, which is one of the finest 
in our citx'. Mr. Tanton has been a member of our school board 
a great many years and the success and standing of our schools 
today are due in no small part to his doings. He has always been 
very successful in his business dealings and today owns farms in 
Indiana, Iowa, Nebraska and Illinois. He married May Dodds in 
1893 and has two sons. 

W. E. THOMAS, retired farmer, was born in Washington in 
1839 on the site now occupied by the Bell House, immediately west 
of the Methodist church. When 2 years of age, his parents moved 
to a farm three miles northwest of this city, where he grew to man- 
hood and continued farming until through his thrift he became 



owner of the place and gradually developed it into a model farm. 
In 1905 he built a fine home on North Hill and again moved to 
town to enjoy the fruits of a well earned victory. Mr. Thomas 
served in the 47th Illinois Infantry during 1862-65 and was in the 
battles of Vicksburg, also at Jackson. Miss., and in numerous battle; 
along Red River. He married Louise Sunderland of Mackinaw in 
1868. They have a family of four sons and three daughters. 

BEX TOBIAS, in his prominence and popularity, is unique with 
his fatherly characteristics and his old style honesty. He was born 
in Burks County, Pa., in 1829. From there he moved to Pickaway 
County, Ohio, during which time he received his education and 
thoroughly learned the blacksniithing and wagon work business. 
On coming to Washington in 1855 he started the manufacturing of 
plows, which he soon increased to a general manufacture of all 
farm implements and wagons, besides doing an e.xtcnsive repair 
business. In 1859 he built the Ben Tobias brick block to accommo- 
date the increased business. Mr. Tobias has been mayor three 
diflferent terms, an honor he alone enjoys, the last term was just 
after the electric plant explosion, which was rebuilt and the new 
franchise and other arrangements completed during his time. He 
was Justice of the Peace a great many years, also served as super- 
visor one term and was postmaster during Cleveland's first admin- 
istration, at which time he rebuilt the interior and put in the mod- 
ern fixtures now being used in our postoffice. Mr. Tobias served 
on the board of education for twelve years, being director when 
our present school house was built during the middle seventies. It 
was through his untiring efforts that we have the substantial, 
convenient school building we now enjoy, but above all through 
his sterling integrity that outside grafters failed to work in their 
shoddy furniture and material in general, the result being that 
hardly any repairs have been necessary during the thirty years it 
has been usea. The fathers and mothers of this community owe 
Mr. Tobias untold gratitude for the thorough system of ventilation 
which he insisted should be installed in our schools for the preserv- 
ing and building up of the children's health. Mr. Tobias' home is 
built on one of the most beautiful sites in our city. The original 
was built in 1870 and burned in 1886. 1 hat same year he rebuilt 
the home he now occupies. It is one of our finest homes. He has 
a goodly supply 01 this world's possessions and is fully entitled to 
the ease he now enjoys after years of such intense activity. He 
married Eliza J. .\nderson in 1850 and has three sons. 



D. R. V'.W METER, one of our best known citizens, was born 

in Kentucky in 1830, where he lived until six years of age, when 
he came to Illinois. Later on he moved to Wisconsin, living there 
until i860, when he returned to our city and engaged in the car- 
pentering business. During this time, January, 1856, he returned 
and married Susan Baker and in January, 1906, had the unusual 
pleasure of celebrating his golden wedding, at which event his entire 
family, consisting of five daughters and three sons, were present, 
although widely scattered over the United States. The home Mr. 
■Van Meter now occupies was built in l8g3 and is a pretty place 
located on a fine site. He has always been a consistent, steady 
worker in the Methodist church. 

ISAAC J. WRIGHT, our progressive grocery merchant, was 
born at Dana, uut moved to Minonk at an early age, where he at- 
tended the public school and graduated from the high school. He 
also took a full business course in the Gem City Business College, 
Quincy, 111., after which he entered the grocery business at Minonk, 
following this business for years, besides being for a few years 
with the Priebe, Simater Co., wholesale produce dealers, which gave 
him an experience which helped most decidedly in making his suc- 
cessful grocery and business career. He moved to Washington in 
F905 and with Frank B. Hungerford opened the Standard grocery 
store, whidi enjoys a big share of the trade of our community. Mr. 
Wright married Xellie M. Hungerford in 1903. 

CH.\S. A. WALTMIRE, practicing attorney-at-law in all the 
state and U. S. courts, was born in New Salem, Fairfield County, 
Ohio. He came to this county in 1866, attending college at the 
Wesleyan University, Bloomingfton, and receiving his law education 
at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He moved to Washing- 
ton in 1897 and built his fine new home in 1901. He is president 
ol the Tazewell County Bar association, certainly an honor from his 
co-workers. Mr. Waltmire has been city attorney about four terms 
and has been a member of the Republican city committee as well as 
delegate to the state and county convention at different tim.;s, 
being a delegate to the memorable Yates deadlock convention a 
few years ago. He married Martha B. Miller of Cleveland, Ohio, 
in 1B87 and has four boys and one girl. 

BALSER WENK is well known in the community through his 
shoe business relationship, both as clerk and employer, then again 



in building five new houses and helping the development of the 
town. In his general real estate doings we become still better 
acquainted with him. But to cap the climax we must follow him in 
his special hobby — breeding fancy poultry — in which he has been 
very successful, shipping birds all over the country and Canada, 
before we can appreciate him to the fullest extent. Mr. Wenk was 
born in Germany in 1845, moved to Canada in 1865, and from there 
came to Washington where he married Mary Jantzi in 1872. 

J. P. WRENN, the well known grain man. was born and grew 
to manhood in our beautiful city, marrying Ella Fifer. daughter 
of Peter Fifer, our first mayor. They have two daughters and 
one son. Some years ago Mr. Wrenn ran a string of elevators at 
Low Point, Secor, Eureka, and Roanoke; the latter he still owns 
and gives his attention. As a recognition of his abilities he was 
elected director of the State Grain Dealers' association and later 
on by the home people as supervisor, besides forcing him year after 
year on the school board. Always a lover of a good horse we were 
not surprised a few years ago to see him act as judge in the largest 
race meet Peoria ever held. His shrewdness has been rewarded 
with 600 acres of good Illinois soil as well as farms in Kansas and 
smaller properties and investments in different plac;s, not the least 
of which is his beautiful home in our city. 

DR. WM. H. WEIRICK was born in Hasleton, Pa., and moved 
to Washington in 1876. He is a G. A. R. man, having enlisted in 
the 131st Regiment of Pennsylvania, and was under fire in the 
memorable battle of Fredericksburg. He attended the University 
of Pennsylvania and graduated in medicine with the class of '66. 
During Prof. Hartwell's time he served as a member of the school 
board. He married Harriet N. Wilson in 1869. They have three 
daughters and one son. Ralph has a fine position in New York City 
as an architect. Elizabeth S. is instructor of chemistry at the 
Pratt Institute and has been there the past three years. Margaret 
is teaching in the high school at Averyville. Agnes is married and 
living in New York. 

A. M. AND CHAS. R. WEBSTER, real estate and einigrant 
agents, are well known in our community as well as in the business 



world at large. Under the firm name of Web.-iter & Son they have 
been very successful and have amassed a good lot of this world's 
goods in the shape of dollars, farms, oil and mniing stock. They 
have fine homes located on beautiful sites on North Hill. A. M. 
Webster married Maggie Lawson to whom two sons were born. 
Chas. R. Webster, son of A. M., married Marie Wrenn. They have 
a daughter. 

DR. H. A. ZINSER, our popular physician, is a native of Wash- 
ington. At an early age his father, I. Zinser, noticed the son's 
decided inclination and from then on headed him towards his pro- 
fession. He attended our public schools, then took a preliminary 
course at the Lake Forest University, after which he entered Rush 
Medical College, one of the best known and highly successful col- 
leges of the United States. He graduated with the class of 1895. 
His success at Roanoke. Ill, where he practiced ten years, was 
remarkable, being by far the most successful practice ever enjoyed 
by anyone at that place before, and on coming back to his home 
town, Washington in 1905, is it any surprise to see him so successful 
here? Out of thousands at college he was picked as one of the 
officers of the Nu Sig Ma Nu, a college fraternity, showing his 
worth was recognized among his associates. He bought the beauti- 
ful home site he now occupies in 1905. It is one of the best locations 
in our city. Dr. Zinser married Harriet Heiple in i89(j. I'hey have 
a daughter. 

I. ZINSER, the well known druggist, was born in Fairfield 
County, Ohio, and moved to Illinois in 1851. He was married to 
Martha Tobias at Plainfield, ill., and opened a drug store under 
the firm name of Zinser & Hasting, which firm later moved to 
Washington, 111. He was town treasurer for a great many years, 
a position which his son Roy holds today. Mr. Zinser also was 
a member of the G. A. R. He had five sons and one daughter. At 
the death of Mr. I. Zinser, his oldest son, Elmer, who was born 
and attended our schools here, took the management of the reor- 
ganized 1. Zinser Co., after giving up a fine position with H. 
Bucklen & Co. as general traveling salesman for the southern states. 
This firm has been exceptionally successful. Elmer married Eliza- 
beth Klingenberger m 1904. 



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