C7r))E have enjoyed the privilege of
representing our school in pre-
senting to you the second edition of
"The Pioneer," our yearbook. In the
past few months we have planned
for it, worked for it, lived with it. May
it recall the profound traditions of a
glorious past, inspire the future and
remind us who are about to leave of
the National Emergency and the urge
for a still greater future. If through
your associations, your memories, the
value can be increased, the joy of serv-
ice will then be realized.
The Nurses' Home
The Student Body of Saint Agnes School of Nursing in
Grateful Appreciation Dedicate This Book to
Hubert Ashley Roystee
A.r... M.H., Si-I>. (Hon. I. F.A.C.S.
Chief of Staff
STJRGEON-IN-CHIEF, ST. AGNES HOSPITAL
( 1899-1941 )
To those who know thee not
No words can point :
To those who know thee
All words are faint :
Mi/ fervent wish is that the members of the present class, and all other
classes, may go forth to their duties in the world, imbued with the dignity
of their profession , fortified by high ideals and sustained by the spirit of
Hubert A. Roystek.
jIiss Ki iii Estiiki; Feidek, A.B., IJ.X.
PAGE F( ITU
Mrs. Rosa Mai Godley, R. X.
Director of the School of A ursing
Miss Florence Hargett, R.N.
Director of .\ ursing Service
Mrs. Li la Haywood, IJ.X.
Operating Room Supervisor
Miss Leah Inez Henry, R.N".
Head A itr.se
Miss Jeaxette Vaughn, K.X.
Head A urse
Miss Alice E. Heyward, R.X.
Mrs. \V. B. Streeter, K.N.
Miss Albertine Mason
Meet the Staff
Administrator : Miss Ruth E. Feider, A. P., R.X.. who comes to us from the Mission Beld in
Nevada, bringing with her the spirit of the West. An able administrator and executive. .Miss
Feider rates the admiration and respect of all those witli whom she comes in contact. Not only
is she great in executive ability but she is also a nurse who knows her profession, and a devout
churchwotnan which accounts for her being here. She is the V. T. ( I's gift to St. Agues.
Director of the School of Nursing: Mrs. Rosa Mai Godley, R.N.. who hails from Harlem School
of Nursing, New York City, and has hopes of raising the curriculum and the nursing technique of
St. Agnes to equal that of Harlem School of Nursing. Where the nursing profession is concerned.
she knows tile answers for she is a Twentieth Century Florence Nightingale.
Director of Nursing Service : Miss Florence Hargett, R.X.. of Mercy Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa..
most recently at Margaret Hague Maternity Center, Jersey City. X. J., who is just what St. Agnes
needed to see that our patients are properly cared for. She knows her profession thoroughly, hut
obstetrics is her specialty.
Operating Room Supervisor: Mrs. Lila Haywood, who is a graduate of this institution hut lias been
employed in other hospitals since her graduation. A fine operating room supervisor she is!
Head Nurses: Miss J. Vaughn. Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta. Ga. Always a smile for her
Miss L. Henry — Second Floor — University of Georgia Scl I of Nursing. Augusta. Ga. Business is
Miss A. Heyward, University of Georgia School of Nursing. Augusta, Ga. She knows just what
Mis. W. M. Streeter. University of Georgia School of Nursing, Augusta. Ga. She says nothing and
Bookkeeper : Miss Louise Murphy, graduate of Livingstone College. Salisbury, N. C, and recently
employed with the Wake Welfare Department, Raleigh. N. ('. She balances the biMiks and is indis-
pensable to tile hospital.
Record Librarian and Admitting Officer: Miss Laura Edwards, former NYA Supervisor of the
Cabarrus Street Project, Raleigh. N. C. She admits them and discharges them.
Social Worker: Mrs. Sarah B. Brower, graduate of the Bishop Tuttle School of Social Work. She
is the one to whom they all tell their troubles.
Pharmacist: Mr. H. G. Price. He gives just what the doctors order.
Internes: Dr. N. R. Frisby. graduate of Middesex Medical College, Waltham. Mass. His aim is
to be an army physician.
Dr. M. McGoodwin, graduate of Middlesex Medical College. Waltham. Mass. A very promising
Matron: Miss Albertine Mason. She maintains law and order in the dormitory, for girls will be
— S. Jefferson. Class of '44.
Officers for the Student Association— 1941-1942
1' resident MlSS MYRTLE ROBEETS
Vice President Miss Ruth Mumford
First Vice President Miss Collette Dotson
Second Vice President Miss Virgil Johnson
Secretary - Miss Christabelle Bragg
Assistant Secretary - Miss Ludelle Maddox
Treasurer Miss Jessie Toney
Chaplain Miss Ruth Erwin
Officers for the Student Council— 1941-1942
Miss Myrtle Roberts Miss Janie Tillman
Miss Virgil Johnson Miss Rosa Hampton
Miss Ruth Mumford Miss Christabelle Bragg
Officers for the Yearbook Staff— 1941-1942
Bditor-in-( 'h ief Miss Jessie Toney
Assist iui I Editor-in-Chief Miss Virgil Johnson
Social Editors Misses Mary Wiggins, Samhye Jefferson and Bernice Bohannon
Literary Editors Misses Jessie Toney, Virgil Johnson, Althea Carter and
Art Editors Misses Christabelle Bragg, Bernice Bohannon and Marietta Connelly
Photography Editors Misses Johnsy Terry, Mary Wiggins, Ludelle Maddox
and Althea Carter
Business Managers Misses Janie Tillman, Collette Dotson, My'rtle Roberts and
Circulating Managers Misses Katherine Lowe, Rosa Hampton, IN t ellie Wilson and
Advertising Managers Misses Helen Glenn, Willie Capel and Mary Hcrd
President Virgil Johnson
Secretary - Katherine Lowe
Treasurer Willie F. Capel
Historian .' Jessie Toney
Class Flower: Talisman Rose.
Class Motto: "We strive not to equal, but to excell."
Class Colors : Aqua Blue and Pink.
From mountain peaks we have not climbed
We've followed stars we could not see ;
And nicked on seas we have not sailed
We've dreamed of worlds that could not be.
Yet through the mists we could not pierce
We glimpsed unerringly and bright,
St. Agnes shining true and kind
Upon the remnants of our night.
And so on down through all the years,
Whatsoever may betide us;
Fortune or gladness, woe or tears.
May St. Agnes' spirit guide us.
—Virgil Johnson, Class of '42.
Florence Nightingale Pledge
I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of this assembly to pass my life
in purity and to practice my profession faithfully. I will abstain from whatever is deleterious
and mischievous and will not take or knowingly administer any harmful drug. I will do all
in my power to maintain and elevate the standard of my profession and will hold in confidence
all personal matters committed to my keeping, and all family affairs coming to my knowl-
edge in the practice of my calling. With loyalty will I endeavor to aid the physician in his
work and devote myself to the welfare of those committed to my care.
In September, 1939, a group of 14 students had assembled af St. Agnes Nurses' Home to seek
tor knowledge in the nursing profession.
After a week of being here we were given our blue uniforms with lie hihs. A uiiinlh later a hili
was given. Willi this hluo-and-white Dutch Cleanser's Lady's uniform, we did the cleaning and mak-
ing beds in the wards assigned, plus going to elass.
We took tlie blame tor many wrongs, especially of things left undone. We struggled along with
aching feet, until the hell said. "Time to eat."
As time inarched on for our elass we swayed and sweat so we could pass, when Christmas came
we knew the time, the mid-term exams would come up soon.
Well, at last that's off our chest. We passed, you het : you know we guessed. For later on it
was mapped. We would get our stripes and he capped.
As the time passed by for most,
Some of our classmates dropped, of course;
I!ut we couldn't stop our weary run.
For the days were dying with the sun.
Wednesday and Thursday of every week.
To old Rex Clinic we went to seek
The ways in which public health play
An important part in your life each day.
Vacation days started in June.
And off to home, airy as a balloon ;
Then hack on duty, full of pep,
For plenty of work and many a step.
Hiss St. Agnes was a senior nurse.
And, that meant money from your purse;
To make the homecoming id' our school,
Stand out in history by President Goold.
As our .junior year rolled around,
Eleven of us arrived safe and sound :
We studied awful hard to sec
The (lavs which were soon to lie.
No time to waste, no time to fret,
For we had work we couldn't forget;
No time to think of idle play.
When we were blessed with eight hours a day.
Eleven stood as iron men.
That some glad day we could win
The victory of our nursing profession,
With a very true confession.
On the day of February the first,
A new time and age seemed to have birth;
A group of newcomers joined us then.
To stick three years through thick and thin.
In August, 1940, Mrs. Godley came
Our Director of Nursing Education with fame
In the summer of 1941
Miss Peider, our superintendent did come.
Through many a hardship, talc and scold.
We came with grief which was untold :
We kept our chins up through the war.
Maybe some day we'll set a star.
Our hearts leaped up when we beheld,
When 11)41 by Father Time was told :
On our caps were placed a black hand.
Our senior year for it did stand.
Not a star that's made by man.
But a star by Cod's own hand:
While on earth we'll have our trouble,
lint He'll give us stars liv the double.
The graduating class of l'.)4l! ends its history making by wishing our dear Alma Mater, our true
colors Idue and white, our schoolmates, advisors, and instructors a desire to continue putting your
shoulder to the wheel and push to make St. Agnes School of Nursing bloom with every phase of
the nursing profession.
—J. Tonet, Class of '42.
Dear St. Agnes, how we'll miss you, Sn we'll leave you, Dear Alma Mater,
Miss you as the days arc long; Standing firm and waving high;
But we know you are so true, Carrying all the load and burden.
To our grads so brave and strong. As . vou have in (la . vs S 01le b J-
To our school we owe with honors.
Strength to serve our countrymen
Leaving as a farewell to you :
Then to all our fellow students.
As they follow in our trail;
Pave the way for those who follow So long, student body and friend:
After you, and cannot fail. So long, student body and friends.
—J. Toney, '42.
The Last Will and Testament
We, the graduating class of Saint Agnes School for Nurses, being of sound mind, and in
view of the fact that we are about to make our departure, do bequeath our few good points
and many bad points to those we are leaving behind us.
To the Class of 1943, we bequeath our right of seniority.
To the Class of 1944. we bequeath our stubborn and contrary disposition, for verily I say
unto you, we are a stiff-necked and rebellious race of people, reaping where we have sown not
and gathering where we have strewn not.
To the Faculty, we bequeath a restful future after their brave struggle to bring us out
To Miss Feider, Administrator, we bequeath peace, success, fewer complaints and all
To Mrs. Godley, Director, School of Nursing, we will a student body with the ability to
"carry an order" as and when ordered.
To Miss Mason, Matron, we will quiet at night and a living room floor free from foot-
Personally: I, Katherine Lowe, bequeath to O. Brinson and J. Shade my surplus amount
of adipose tissue.
I, Collette Dotson, bequeath to M. Hurd my million-dollar smile.
I, Helen Glenn, will to S. Jefferson and M. Connelly my ability to be late to class.
I. Willie Capel. will to A. Xorwood and H. Clyburn my ability to be neat.
I, Johnsy Terry, bequeath to J. Reddrick my ability to make a nurse.
1, Janie Tillman, bequeath to B. Bohannon to go hither anil yon and to make contacts.
I, Grace Martin, will to X. Duncan and L. Maddox my jitterbug potentialities.
I, Jessie Toney, will to A. Carter my ability to be a silent listener to conversations.
I, Virgil Johnson, will to E. Scott and L. Patterson my love of good literature.
I, Fonnie Joyner, will to no student my stay in the hospital as a patient.
I, Mary "Wiggins, bequeath to Ruth Mumford my ability for an untidy room.
We hate to leave you and we know you can't do without us, but just recall our days with
you and lie not dismayed, for life is like that.
Signed in blood, we of the Class of 1942 are:
Collette Dotson Helen Glenn
Willie Capel Mary Wiggins
Jessie Toney Katherine Lowe
Johnsy- Terry Fonnie Joyner
Janie Tillman Grace Martin-
Virgil Johnson Class of '42.
M VI; TI.E ROBEHTS
President , Students' Association
The purpose of this association is to assist in the promotion ;i n-1 directing of
school activities and interests.
To increase cooperation among the faculty, residence staff, and student body.
To encourage and maintain the spirit of individual pride in the practice of
the ideal for which our school, and the nursing profession have been established.
Katherine Lowe — Lexington, X. C.
"Kat" to do post graduate work at
Willie Capel — Candor, X. C.
"Red" — to lie 1-a in the Army.
Johnsy Terry — Henderson, X. C.
"Simp" — to lie a Doctor.
Makv II. Wiggins— Omaha, Neb.
"Hedde" — a man to call my own.
Grace Martin — Jenkinsville, S. C.
"B. Martin"— to get her Mrs. degree.
Jessie Toney— Elliot, S. < '•
"Toney" to be an ideal mirse.
Janie Tillman — Youngstown, Ohio
"Tiney" — to be an Operating Room
('(ii.lette Dotsox — Lynchburg, Va.
"Collette" — to possess the filthy lucre.
Helen Glenn — Goldsboro, N". C.
"Joe" tn lie a mortician.
FONNIE JOYNER DuVCT, X. ('.
"Fonnie" — to wear a uniform.
Virgil Johnson — Memphis, Term.
"Grannie" — to lie an Armv Nurse.
S iii Hi in/ which Terry does always.
Energy which Glenn has in limitless amounts.
Neatness which typifies Capel.
Ideals which Johnson is full of.
Ordi'rluii'ss which llotson possesses.
Bight which Toney usually is.
Capable which means Martin.
Laughter which in Wiggins is unsuppressible.
Ability which Lowe seems to have.
Sincerity which Tillman has.
Sweetness, another way of spelling Joyner.
— M. Wiggins, Class <
This is the year 1952 — that long-awaited, eventful day has arrived at last. The Class of
1942 is holding its reunion on the spacious lawn at the home of Miss Virgil C. Johnson. Miss
Johnson, who was former president of the Class of '42, is now superintendent of "The Old
Folks Convalescent Home" in Chicago.
Mrs. Sandy Headcn, Jr., formerly Miss Jessie Toney, arrives from Indiana where she is
doing private duty nursing. She informs us that her two-year-old twins are doing fine and are
Looking out through the archway, we see Miss Willie Capel, Lieutenant, alighting from
her new '52 Pontiac, from Camp Blanding in Florida, ('losing her door, she sights Miss
Helen Glenn and yells. Miss Glenn is doing public health nursing "Deep in the heart of Texas."
Suddenly the telephone is heard ringing. Miss Janie Tillman is calling to notify Miss
Johnson that she is on her way out, after leaving her monoplane at the airport; she takes a
taxi out. Miss Tillman is Operating Room Supervisor at the General Hospital in Oklahoma.
Suddenly Miss Lowe appears, looking tired and worn out, with a small, black bag in her
left hand. Miss Lowe, as Superintendent of Xurses at Harlem Hospital in Xew York City,
has been trying to raise the educational standards of nursing there since the war.
Miss Johnson just received a telegram from Mrs. Bynam Moore, nee Miss Grace Martin,
stating that she won't be able to attend our reunion due to family responsibilities; tells us
that her septuplets are all boys but one.
Mrs. 0. Morse, nee Mary Wiggins, arrived the next day from Xew York, looking as if
she just stepped out of Vogue Magazine. She apologizes for arriving late due to her many
social activities and also servant trouble.
Miss Collette Dotson. Educational Director at Saint Phillip's Hospital in Richmond,
Virginia, seems to lie having quit- a bit of trouble with her students and sends her apologies
for her absence.
Doctor Johnsy Terry is here. She has recently finished studying at Meharry Medical
College and plans to do her internship at Saint Agnes Hospital in Raleigh, X. ('., which
has recently been rated with Xew York City.
Miss Fonnie Bell Joyner looks quite cheerful as she tells of her work for Dr. W. B. Pet-
tiford, famous urologist who has quite a spacious suite in Raleigh, X. C.
After several hours of reminiscing, discussion and dinner, the group adjourned until fur-
ther meeting. Class of '42.
■ Most Poetic
— H. Glenn, Class of '42.
When Gabriel Blows His Horn:
Jessie Toney will be teaching jitterbug lessons.
Helen Glenn will probably be raging for food.
Mary Wiggins will be settling her love affairs.
Katberine Lowe will be trying to snatch one more minute's sleep.
Johnsy Terry will show us her diary.
Janie Tillman will have found the ideal man.
Collette Dotson will be planning her next season's wardrobe.
Grace Martin will be teaching pediatrics.
Willie Capel will have attained her ideal.
Fonnie Joyner will have a car.
Virgil Johnson will still be giving advice to Mary Wiggins.
— V. Johnson, '42.
.1 nswers to Should be
Class of '42
Famous for Weakness
( ialmed down Laughing
Handled carefully Temper
Woman in white
Talking Good time * Iheery
Complaining Sleeping Energetic
Bad feet Peanut butter Effervescent Distinct Snpt
Jitterbugging Gum Demure
Moods Collard greens Explosivi
Fussing Clothes Impish
Opposite sex Lackadaisical Soft lights and
J... Bubbling Cottage
— M. Wiggins, Class of '42.
Visitor : May I see Mrs. X ?
Student Nurse: I'm sorry, you'll have to go to the office.
Director: He doesn't need to go to the office. 1 sent him to yon.
Student Nurse to Visitor: I'm sorry, the patient died last night.
Director: (Slowly walks away.)
Director: How can you chart the condition of a patient if von haven't asked him how he is
feeling and how he rested?
Student Nurse: Sorry. Mrs but the patient happens to be a two-months-old baby.
Educational Director (entering a noisy hall): Yon seniors make more noise than the prelimi-
Seniors: Oh, give them a chance; they haven't been here long enough.
Supervisor: Nurse, where are Bohby's shoes? (Bobby is a Bve-mouths-old baby.)
Nurse (to Bobby) : Bobby, where are your shoes?
Matron: Do vou know how to stand straight?
Student (in an oversize uniform) : I am standing straiglil : it's only iny uniform that's at ease.
— ('. DOTSON, Class of '42.
A sterile nurse to hold Dr. W. F. Clark's ash tray.
Long single suture material for Dr. L. T. Delany.
More Good looking nurses for Dr. Perry to flirt with.
A box of perfect plaster for Dr. H. A. Thompson.
A nurse who knows how to open sterile goods for Dr. A
A nurse to satisfy Dr. Pettiford in surgery and the delivery room.
A nurse who can' work fast enough to keep up with Dr. Lawrence.
A stool in the 0. R. for short nurses to tie Dr. K. P. Xeal's gown.
A nurse to help Dr. Judd economize.
An interne who can do Dr. Ruark's laboratory work.
A map of the hospital showing the rooms of his patients for Dr.
Bigger ash trays in the clinic for Dr. Royster.
An office nurse to get Dr. Rhodes' operations right.
A pan of cyanide solution for Dr. Smith.
A perfect heart for Dr. Caviness.
More leisure for Dr. Frisby.
More sleep for Dr. McGoodwin.
— K. Lowe, Class of '42
Last Day Thoughts
Peak School :
As I sit in my room thinking that my days as a student nurse are almost over, a wave of nos-
talgia sweeps over me. and I think of the many scenes through my training days that have led to
I entered training as all students do, eager and anticipating the many wonderful things I would
soon knew how to do.
First, there were lessons in the classrooms: Introducing Sallie Chase and Susie Skeleton. They
were the most patient of all patients, their patience having come of Inn- suffering and much nurs-
ing care. Poor Sally: how patiently she takes twelve or nunc hyperdermics in one morning, has her
hack rubbed and washed and powdered times without number. Her mustard plaster never blisters.
'though I forgot the vaseline or left the plaster en a few minutes over time. And Susie — how often
did I take away an arm or part of her head so that I might see hew bones are put together. And
her sister. Susie Q.. who has muscles and skin, was very patient, too: she even allowed her brain
and her heart to he taken out.
There were the days in the chemistry lab when I'm sure the nurses' guardian angel must have
been near to prevent an accident, when some of the mixtures I made could have turned to dynamite.
And the microbiology and dietetics labs: learning to distinguish the organisms that cause the dis-
eases and the dietary treatments.
Finally, after much trial and error on my friends Sallie. Susie and Susie Q., I was allowed to
go on the wards in the hospital. At last, I thought. I am really a nurse. But I met a few bumps
because Mrs. X was not as patient as Sallie. Mr. X's leg hurt if it were moved quickly, he groaned
and Susie Skeleton never did. even if her hand were completely taken off her wrist. By and by, how-
ever. I learned to move Mr. X's leg without hurting him and when he went home he had a good leg.
Mrs. X turned out to he a very sweet lady and a marvel of a patient.
The days were busy and passed quickly and I found myself beginning my second year, to study
cases, and advanced theories about medical and surgical diseases, emergency treatment and applying
things I'd learned, wherever opportunity came. Thus a second year was spent.
The third year found me studying subjects that help one get adjusted to professional life, smooth-
ing out kinks and wrinkles, learning bow to be self-reliant, which, above all things, a nurse must be.
Xow these days of study are almost over: I must face a future with a challenge and try always
to bring the best out of any situation in which I may bud myself. It is to the principles of honest work
and living that have been instilled here that I trust myself to accept that challenge.
As I leave I would say to loyal Sallie and Susie and to my instructors who so tirelessly taught.
1 am now a product of your making, and because I am. I feel that I will always do what is good, be-
cause vour products have a good label.
A Fond Adieu,
Virgil Johnson, Class of '42.
First Day in Surgery
It is 7:00 a.m. — first day in surgery! How exciting! At last I have arrived. The most wonderful
pla.e in the hospital: everything is white ami shining. No beds to make, no temperatures to take-
life at last is as rosy a picture as we have seen (in the movies i ; no hustle or bustle, everything in
quiet tones. How wonderful!
Nine a.m. the chief surgeon has just phoned in that he is doing an emergency operation at 9:30,
could we please be ready'.' of course. Doctor! At last here's where I'll shine.
First. I must bang scrub suits in the dressing room, see that there is plenty of ice water, caps
and mouth pieces for the doctors and internes: go for the patient who has been prepared on the
floor. I hope the wheel does not come off the stretcher when I get out of the elevator. At last I am
hack to the sureery ; the patient is all right, perhaps a little excited because the wheel did come off
in spite of the fact that I was very careful.
There are a hundred things to do: keep the sterilizer boiling, keep inquisitive people out. try to
he prompt end help keep the surgeon's temper coo' (a bard job sometimes).
E'even a.m. Finally the operation is complete the patient is safely back in bed. I return to my
assignment. The doctors didn't see the hangers for their scrub suits or rather the hangers fell to
the floor in various coiners. There is a large pail of sponges that await attention, duties are many
and varied. Finally. I wade through the fog and the place regains some of its morning freshness.
Three thirty. At last the hour comes when I can go off duty. I have a rosy vision of what I'll do
for my feet: they are < >h well, that's a nurse's secret. The glamor of the surgery fades for
a few' hours, but it is still the most interesting place in the hospital— until you pass the nursery.
— Virgil Johnson, Class of 42.
.lull \sy Terky
"What's the Matter With Love?"
"I'm Falling for You."
"Deep in the Heart of Texas."
"Slide. Mr. Trombone."
"You Won't Let Me Go."
"All Alone and 1 sly."
"Blues in the Night."
"Tonight We Love."
"I'll Be Ever So Grateful."
"I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good.
-K. Lowe, Class of "4j!.
W. Capel being pleased on duty.
C. Dotson not knowing a diagnosis and its treatment.
II. Glenn being quiet on Senior Hall.
Y. Johnson not rushing.
F. Joyner not Laving her moody spells.
K. Lowe not trying to show you a deep point.
G. Martin taking things as they come.
J. Terry not flirting.
J. Tillman quiet during a discussion.
.1. Toney being loud, wrong and out of order.
M. Wiggins not being impudent.
— W. Capel, Class of '42.
Our Defense Program
Hue to the national crisis and its vast production program that calls for the use of all possible
resources, we. the personnel and students of St. Agnes School of Nursing feel it our duty and privilege
to participate in this nationwide program. This work is necessary for the protection of our patients
and the community at large as well as our own.
On January lit. 1942, a group of nine students met with .Mrs. R. M. Godley, Director of the
School of Nursing, and .Miss R. E. Feider, Administrator, to organize as a part of the defense pro-
gram at St. Allies Hospital. Plans were discussed by the group, the object of which is "To stimulate
an interest among the student body as their part in the defense program." The student body was
divided into three groups with Miss .lohnsy Terry as general chairman.
Group one, with Miss Mary Wiggins as chairman, is composed of Misses Ludelle Maddox, Sammye
Jefferson, Jessie Toney. Virgil Johnson. Rosa Hampton. Addie Norwood. I'.ernice Ilohnnnon, Maxine
Kelly, Beatrice Watson. Hope Clyburn, and Juanita Shade.
Group two. with Miss Johnsy Terry as chairman, is composed of Misses Myrtle Roberts. Althea
Carter. Katherine Lowe. Willie Capel. Mamie Frierson. Ruth Erwin. Louise Patterson, Eleanor Hard-
ing, Nora Duncan, Lillian Leggins, Hortense White, and Odessa Brinson. This group has charge of
Croup three, with Miss .lanie Tillman as chairman, is ((imposed of Misses Nellie Wilson. Cath-
erine Bryant, Helen Glenn, Collette Dotson, Grace Martin, Christabelle Bragg, Ethel Scott. Mary
Ilurd. Ruth Mumford. Lina Brown, and .Indie Reddrick. This group is in charge of drugs and linens.
The students have participated wholeheartedly in our program. Each student was instructed
to keep her uniform at a handy position so as to dress and be out of the building in not more than
three minutes. Orderliness and quietness were points greatly stressed as well as remaining cool
calm and collected. Several blackouts have been practiced which were very well done: the last of
which the nurses went to the hospital, taking the places assigned them respectively on the wards.
This was done (luring the citywide blackout April 24, 1942, and was very effective. All rules were
observed by patients, students and faculty.
We are going to do all we can for the protection of others and help to win the war.
— JonxsY Terky, Class of '4J.
PAGE TWENTY-* >NE
History of the Junior Class
September. 1941 . . . Well, the history of the .Mass of '43 continues. Buses trains and what
110 , m-AW students from vacation and toton»«^rt^ ^-O^ AM. ^
son t;:S;^:u M .^M- t -/m™.*' M,s Mumford, well where can
^JcZolr 1 ^: ^Lf^Jta^neT^Z^ies. The class schedule a mile .on, Whee!
We S^T^^^'XZ We^eTtwo black bands on our caps definite* <■*
'^JZ^^^^^^^ all wrapped in shiny Christmas paper.
JOy Th e eV nel y e ear-1942. Each junior looks forward to this yea,- with high hopes of making it a
SUCC wfth our hopes up ana ono eye on the 1 1, we are watching the .irst semester close, and mid-
sa 1 js?assa - i"sw"«i-— «-i - *, ■ - -
tory of the Class of 1943. Y(m] . s mily
Nellie Wilson, '43.
History of the Class of '44
As we look back over the past few months it is very pleasant to think of the progress we have
made. Eight months ago, September 14. 1941, we werejusl beginning— 17 in number— and representing
six states: Alabama. Georgia, Indiana. New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. We came to St.
Agnes School of Nursing with the determination to make of ourselves the type of nurses that the
world lias need for.
After an extensive educational orientation program of one week, we organized our class and set-
tled down to routine schedule.
In the beginning we found it difficult to get our hearings: however, with encouragement from
Miss Feider and Mrs. Godley and others who had the interest of the school at heart, we gradually
became adjusted and began to work in earnest on our studies and ward duties.
Our li rst day on duty will long be remembered because to us it was the beginning of a dream
Although our schedule was very heavy, in addition to ward duty, we studied very hard and worked
faithfully, for to us our duties were a source of pleasure. When the first honor roll went up our class
was well represented with seven members having averages of 90 and above, namely: Misses Lillian
Leggins, Marietta Connelly, Beatrice Watson, Sannnye Jefferson. Bernice Bohannon, Edna Shaw and
( 'atherine Bryant.
At first the sailing was far from smooth, but that did not stop us because our minds were made up.
After having recovered from our excitement about the ti rst honor roll, news came of the home-
coming game at which some lucky nurse would reign as "Miss St. Agnes." After having elected Misses
Hope Clyburn and Hortense White as candidates for attendants to "Miss St. Agnes." we began work-
ing feverishly to give them financial backing. Our efforts yielded the largest amount raised by either
of the classes and at the homecoming game Misses Clyburn and White were lovely attendants dressed
in dark blue suits with beautiful chrysanthemum corsages.
There was never a dull moment for us, for no sooner had we finished the homecoming game
than Thanksgiving was just around the corner. Which meant a big day for us. We had a half day
off duty and a lovely Thanksgiving dinner in the bargain.
We worked very hard hut we didn't mind, because we enjoyed our work so much. A happy set
Immediately after Thanksgiving we began a drive lor funds with which to upholster our living
room furniture for Christmas. With the sales of ice cream, candy, sandwiches, etc., we were able to
raise the largest sum.
When Hie November h r mil was posted we were still ii< >i 1 1 ^ strong with five students with
averages ranging from 95 to 97, namely: Misses Bohannon, Bryant, Carter, Jefferson and Leggins.
Hue day there was good news for ns: Restrictions lifted from December - — • 1 1 1 ti> January 5th,
which meant that we. the preliminaries, could have out-of-town visitors ami movie dates. It is use-
less to say hew we took advantage of this golden opportunity, it will suffice t<> say we did. Merrily we
rolled along with our ward duty, studies ami. of course, week-end dates. Almost before we realized it
Christmas was here ami with it the rush thai always accompanies th<' Yu'.eticle season. We were very
busy luit we did net forgel the real meaning of Christmas in em- haste. Before ns was the picture el'
the Baby Jesus. Coil's gifi in the world. Since we were so happy, we wanted to contribute to some
one's else happiness, so we began Christmas Day at 4:()() a.m. by sinsii n^r carols to our patients here in
the hospital ami then driving out to the Sanatorium where we sang to the patients there. With such
a beginning you can guess that one Christmas \Kiy was perfect.
Without warning the holiday season was over and gone, with it our privileges, bul we didn't
mind, realizing that nothing good lasts forever.
About this time our defense program was organized with Miss Johnsy Terry as chairman, our
class being represented by Miss Carter on Transportation of Patients Committee. Miss Jefferson on
the Linen ami Supply Committee, and Miss Bryant on tin' Drug Committee.
Mid-term examinations were announced lor the last week in January which meant study tor us
for we knew our preliminary period ended with these examinations, ami of course we were very anx-
ious to pass our "Prelim" period so that we might receive the school cap.
( in January 26th, IT nervous girls entered the classroom to lake that first mid-term examina-
tion. Mrs. Codloy must have sensed our nervousness, for again she encouraged us, saying: "You can
do il. girls. 1 am depending on you." From then on we went into each classroom with the assurance
that we would make the grade, we just hail to. to do justice to those parents hack home who were
praying for our success, and for those instructors who had faith in our ability to do the work. And on
Friday, January .'10th. when exams were over and completed, and averages went up. IT girls were
congratulated by the administration on their splendid efforts ami achievements. Again we were well
represented on the honor roll, having rive members of our class with averages of 95 and above, namely:
Misses Bernice Bohannon, Catherine Bryant, Althea Carter. Sammye Jefferson, Lillian Leggins.
"With a song in our hearts, we turned our efforts to our capping exercises, as that would he tin'
true beginning of our careers as nurses. As our administrator put if, "We had arrived." • hi March
16th we again emerged with flying colors. Seventeen girls received the school cap, a record to be
proud of, for never before in the history of St. Agnes had the entire class reached this goal. And
those girls who bad maintained the highest average for the first semester were presented beautiful
corsages, the compliments of Mrs. Godley. Respectively: Miss s. Jefferson receiving a bouquet for the
highest average. Misses Bryant, Carter. Bohannon and Leggins. corsages for their splendid efforts
and outstanding achievements during the Jirst semester. With the determination that from this mo-
ment on we must he true, for there are those who trust us. we went hack to our duties of cheering
those patients who needed our care.
A word about our Lenten season observance: Although other events were occurring, Lent was
by no means forgotten. We welcomed this time to take stock of ourselves spiritually and our sacri-
fices and contributions were made wholeheartedly.
With the coming of Faster, spring was here and with it spring fever for us. For a few days we
could hardly overcome the feeling of wanting to get away from il all. hut duty called and we could
not follow our impulses.
In the celebration of the Raleigh Sesquicentennial out of the outstanding features was a victory
parade. St. Agnes Hospital was represented by six student nurses, four of them being from Our midst,
namely: Misses Jefferson, White. Reddrick and Bryant.
Although St. Agues had never sponsored a May Queen contest, we. the hrillian Freshmen, got the
idea that it was just about time we staged the initial May Queen contest. Miss Ilortense White be-
ing elected as our candidate. It would sound egotistical to say just how well we planned and car-
ried OUt the contest, hut facts are facts. 'Pile contest culminated in a May Queen hall held in the
living room of the Nurses' Home. For the first lime in our short history, the "Big IT" witnessed
defeat by the close margin of five cents. Of course our spirits were not daunted, as we lost to our
good friends, the Juniors,
So ends chapter one of the history of the Class of '44. Until next term, then we'll just say.
— Sammye Jefferson, '44: Althea Carter. '44.
Superstitions of the Freshman Class
What Would Happen if:
Nora was a Raie can instead of a Dunca.nl
Clyburn was Faith instead of Hope?
Eleanor was Softing instead of Ha riling!
Lina was Red instead of Broirn?
Althea was Buster instead of Carter?
Odessa was Urinda lighter instead of Brinson?
Sammye was Washington instead of Jefferson'
Beatrice was Kittson instead of ILofson '(
Catherine was Bryoee instead of Bryant?
Judie was Whiterick instead of Redrickl
Lillian was Boots instead of Leggins?
Hortense was Purple instead of White?
Louise was Hitterson instead of Patterson?
Marietta was BonneWv instead of Connelly?
Juanita was Sun instead of Shade?
Bernice was il/ohannon instead of .Bohannon '.
Maxine was Jelly instead of Kelly?
— N. E. Duncan, Class of '44.
Who's Who Among the Frosh
I, the sponsor of this column, am in no way responsible for the material contained herein.
This column is a result of the Freshman Class votes.
Judie M. Reddrick Best Dressed
Beatrice Watson .....•■••■■■■ Cutest
Hope H. Clyburn Best Looking
Lina Lean Brown Personality
Lina Lean Brown Cutest Smile
E. Bernice Bohannon Best Liked
Judie M. Reddrick Neatest
Hope H. Clyburn Most Attractive
Louise Patterson Most Popular
Marietta Connelly Best Dancer
Althea Carter Most Studious
Hortense White Quietest
E. Bernice Bohannon Best All-round Student
Althea Carter Most Ambitious
Louise Patterson Most Shapely
Hortense White Prettiest Hair
Beatrice Watson Prettiest Eyes
Lillian Leggins Most Talkative
Marietta Connelly Most Friendly
Sammye Jefferson ..... ........ Laziest
M.arietta Connelly Class Flirt
Hope H. Clyburn Biggest Jirer
-H. H. Clyburn, '44.
Nursing is my destiny, I shall not pass.
It maketh me to live over in the hospital.
It leadeth me from the Chapel to the Nurses' Home.
It disturbs my mind. It leadeth me in the paths of knowledge fur my future's sake.
Yea, though I study Psychology and the Sciences conscientiously. I know nothing;
for I am all mixed up.
My fellow sufferers they comfort me.
The teachers sit at a table. Their words enter into my ears.
My ears soon runneth over.
Surely Nursing Art and Anatomy will follow me all the days of my life, for I will
remain a student nurse for ever ami ever. Amen. — N. E. Duncan, '44.
A Nurse's Last Request
When I die, bury me deep,
Place "Rothweiler and White" at my feet;
I'm my "Psychology papers" under my arm,
Tel] Mr. McClenny they did me harm.
Place Hiv "< !hemistry" at my side.
Tell Mr. Woods just' why I died;
Place my Nursing History at my head,
Tell Mrs. Godley I'm glad I'm dead.
Place my "Materia Med." on my chest.
Tell Miss Feider I did my best;
Put my ward work on my back,
And in return I'm going to haunt Miss Hargett's shack.
I think Miss Vaughn was a pretty had sport,
Making me write hundreds of nurse's notes;
Put my orders it! my hand,
Tell Miss Hey ward I'm in the Promised Land.
I hate the innocence of the world at large,
But 1 wish them the worst of the murder charge;
And when they finish killing you, too.
Count up your "U's" and follow through.
Xow that you'll never see me more.
Hurry and hunt me on the shady shore;
Where we can talk till after twelve,
And ignore Miss Mason's bell as well.
— Hope H. ('lyblrx, Class of '44.
Let's Go, Saint Agnes!
Yea, St. Agnes! We're on the upward trend.
Yea, St. Agnes! We're with you 'til the end.
Dear St. Agnes! We're going to the top,
Dear St. Agnes ! We'll never, never stop.
We've tasted success, we like its flavor,
Upward we'll go, never will we waver.
With us it will be one continuous flight,
Until we have reached the uttermost height!
And when the goal is finally reached,
We will consider the sermon very well preached.
If any should ask by whom were you sent,
Say the Freshmen were behind vou one hundred per cent.
Yea, St. Agnes ! Yea ! Yea !
— Marietta Connelly, Class of '44.
The 1941 Freshmen
When we arrived on St. Agnes' campus, 1941,
We knew from the beginning there was work to be done;
We all started out happy at heart.
To know that now was a time for us to do our part.
The task was not an easy one, we were made to understand,
But the work that we did, every one thought was grand ;
We had courage — to not give up, no matter how bard the task would lie,
In order to do our work presentably for visitors to see.
When we look back from the beginning to the present day.
We believe we will be successful, if we continue in this way.
Of course, there will be times when we will want to shed some tears,
But we will bo successful nurses after three hard years.
— Hortexse White, Class of '44.
An Angel in Disguise
She is a gift to our world,
Our country and our race;
Her knowledge to us she unfurled.
And took naught in its place.
She's benefited young and old.
The poor and needy, too ;
None of her knowledge has she sold.
She's of the stock that's true
She is a true American,
With curses at her hurled;
Her wisdom was a hurricane.
Which woke up this old world.
T lxi* this may seem like worthless chatter,
Or meaningless palaver;
We'll adore you, it doesn't matter
What you do. Miss Feider.
— Althea L. Carter, '44.
. -'.- : ■'
: :*Ss ■"■■-■-■. I/''-"
The Probe's View of Nursing
\\v have come to one of the most important periods in life; we have arrived at a place where
expecTa'tiTs rSS.^5. wh'ere not on£our ^rents^d instructors ^but ourselves ™ rncUned
firm resolution to dare and to do.
M the present time, more than ever before, all issues call for leaders. It is for this r««s.m that
«,«» ,r. " ,..-i- llv to be congratulated on our efforts to enlarge our visions and knowledge, to broaden
Z- loriZ* ™nl to contTo^our thinking by g 1 and sound principles ^oreo™-, the .present age s
SwaysTa source of joy, it is obvious that the true nurse's prospects for happiness are gieatei than
those of the illiterate.
live by man's t'av
" 1ml soon or lat<
rite rule, "Every
across the face
Every generation of man since the world began, has tried t<
man for 'himself, or every organization or institution for itself
of such effort God lias written the word "failure.
The student that thinks of only the profit in the profession of nursing .will suddenly realize = what
•! <,,■,.■,! misMke she has made She will. too. suddenly realize bj this time that siu nas men .
self-centeTd ! selfltdulgmr? slifsatisfied and self-esteemed and .it only to be replaced by a more
stalwart and sterling student.
spirit of true service and thus
In going in and about our daily tasks, may we be tilled with the
lM1 ,.ieli not only our lives, but also the lives of others. -Catherine Byrd, Class of M5
Here and There at St. Agnes
Treatment and Nursing Care of Burned Patients
An important event occurred in our hospital October 20. 1941, when a six-year-old child was
admitted suffering from severe burns over the abdomen, chest, back and upper portion of the arms.
The clothing was removed as soon as possible. Nurses who have treated burns by rhe old method
understand it. A new conception of burns lias been brought about, however, as a result of their treat-
ment by tannic acid and silver nitrate. Xo nurse who has seen this treatment used has any aversion
to caring tor a patient.
Under the old treatment there was always pus. high temperature, general sepsis, long and try-
ing weeks of convalescence, and often death in the end. With tannic acid and silver nitrate treatment
the surface is clean and dry, the temperature low. the general condition good, and hope is given to
those unfortunates. Many who would have died are saved.
A change takes place when the tannic acid and silver nitrate treatment is applied, whether to a
large or to a small burn. The treatment changes the burn lesion into one comparable to a surgical
wound. It makes the treatment superior to other procedures from these points of view:
1. The saving of lives that would be lost through the slower method of tanning.
2. Stopping immediately the loss of body fluids, thereby preventing the consequent concentra-
tion of the Id 1.
•'!. The immediate prevention of shock.
4. Immediate prevention of the absorption of toxins.
■">. Prevention of infection by the short period of application of moisture and the early drying
of the tanned tissue.
(i. Tile saving of the kidneys and other organs from the effects of fluid concentration anil the
absorption of toxins and infection.
7. Tlie greater comfort of the patient.
8. The fact that the patient is carried safely past the first 24 hours, the most critical period
following a serious burn.
9. Prevention of further breaking down of tissues, resulting from long applications of wet
10. Prevention of chilling, resulting from the long application of cold, wet dressings.
11. The formation of a thin, flexible coagulum.
12. The speedy healing of the burned areas with a shortened period of hospitalization.
13. The prevention or minimizing of heavy contracting scars by early, rapid healing in the
absence of infection.
14. The lessening of the amount of skin grafting and secondary corrective surgery.
The tannic acid and silver nitrate treatment is applied as follows: The patient is given a nar-
cotic which is repeated as often as necessary for comfort. Fluids must be forced throughout. Oil in
any form should not lie used. If any such application has been used, it must be removed with ether,
benzine, or ethyl acetate before treatment is applied. All blebs are opened and all loose skin and
other burned tissues are removed. The area is cleaned witli sterile water and sterile green soap. A
thorough application of fresh five per cent tannic acid solution is made by means of cotton swabs.
Fol'nwing this, ten per cent silver nitrate solution is applied in the same manner. The local treat-
incut being completed, the patient is placed in a tenl heated by electric light bulbs and ho1 water
bottles and the burned areas are dried and kepi dry, while large quantities of fluids are administered
internally. In a tew days the coagulum is removed, as early as possible.
Occasionally moisture will be hidden beneath crusts where drying lias uol been satisfactorily ac-
complished, and such areas are unhealed. Unhealed areas are treated by the application of oxyquiiio-
line sulphate scarlet red gauze.
The duties of the nurse are equally Importanl with those of the physician. Under this treatment
the nurse has two chief duties to perform, namely; dry and beep dry tile tanned areas, and force the
fluid intake. Of course these are additional to the ordinary nursing procedures.
Under the tannic acid treatment, with no oil applications, albumin and other abnormal ele-
ments do not appear in the urine, with the exception id' sugar, which may appear in the first specimen.
A Bradford frame is useful in certain eases, where the hum covers an extensive area of the body.
and a comfortable position of rest for the patient is difficult to obtain.
The nurse must he mindful of the condition of the patient when healing begins, taking cogniz-
ance that flexor surfaces are mil allowed to Ileal in the position of the flexor.
Solutions usually administered in severe burn eases to avoid shock are: Normal saline solu-
tion, glucose. Ringer's solution and others as ordered by the doctor. By administering live per cent
glucose in the early period, we thereby aid the protection of the liver against the absorption of toxic
substances. Large quantities of salt are lost following a burn and this must he replaced. Too much
salt, however, added to the hi 1 will produce salt edema, hence extreme care must he taken in this
In severe burn cases large quantities of fluid are lost from the circulation, chiefly in three ways:
(1) oozing from the surface. ( -J ) the fluid which leaves the circulation and enters the intercellular
spaces, forming edema, and (3) that which is lost by perspiration. To these, of course, must he
added that which leaves the body through the lungs, the urine, and the bowels, and the \ otnitus. too.
Shock is manifested when the Dody fluid reaches a certain low point.
The nurse, who understands the aims and objects desired in the treatment of burns, can do much
in furthering the recovery id' an otherwise doomed patient. Our purpose has been to help toward
Solutions of tannic- acid used should never he more than one 1 hour old. hence they are made up
with sterile water when they are actually needed for use. Ten ounces of ten per cent silver nitrate
solution, intravenous sets, complete with solutions : plenty of old linen packaged and sterilized for
draping the table and lied, should he kept on hand.
In addition to the above-mentioned methods of procedure, the bottom sheets are covered with
sterile linen and the patient is kept warm by artificial heat attached to a cradle, which lias been
placed over the patient. The cradle is large enough to allow the patient to move about if he so
desires, and to give the nurse ample working room.
An even temperature is kept by the regulation thermometer placed in the bed for that purpose.
The patient is never allowed to perspire as that would prohibit the crust from remaining dry. Usu-
ally the patient wears no gown and no dressings are placed over body burns. The patient is turned
frequently to keep all areas dry and to give comfort.
If treatment is properly carried out. sepsis is avoided or controlled.
A high caloric diet is usually ordered. The treatment is not difficult nor is it characterized by
painful dressings. Shock is minimized at once and recovery results.
The treatment of this case in our hospital fell right in with the progressive era going on at
present at our hospital. Here was established our first oxygen treatment, which did its hit. along
with tannic acid treatment.
Recently researchers have found that burns may be treated even more successfully by spraying
the area with sulfadiazine and using the triple treatment recommended by its discoverers.
Nursing care is a grand piece of work, and that is what our nurses arc- doing. They are always
ready to handle burns as emergencies. We have been taught how to care for burns and our treatments
have proven successful.
We are very grateful to our administrator, our staff and instructors tor the good material and
instructions provided. Therefore, we can truthfully say. "When we do what we are taught, we do
it with skill."
Willie F. Capel, Class of '42.
A Greater Saint Agnes
Under the administration of Miss Ruth Esther Feicler, St. Agnes Hospital has undergone many
improvements. The greatest and most influential change has been the change in governmental adminis-
tration, establishing a Hoard of Managers, with Mr. Alexander Webb as chairman.
Among the changes and enlargements in the personnel are the addition of a bookkeeper, admitting
officer and record librarian, housekeeper and medical social worker.
Improvements in the plant itself include the addition of a pharmacy with a registered pharmacist
in charge, a larger emergency room, the installation of a switchboard and the correction of faulty
The school of nursing is also progressing along with other phases of the institution. For the first
time in the history of St. Agnes, a mid-term class has been accepted, giving rise to an increasing
number of graduates per year. The entire staff and student body now work eight hour shifts, which
is a great improvement over the previous shifts.
In this short time much has been accomplished; we feel that, with continuation of such improve-
ments, St. Agnes School of Nursing will become one of the greatest centers of nursing education.
— ('. Bryant. A. Cabteh ami S. Jefferson.
Saint Agnes Has Its Initial May Queen Contest
For the first time in the history of Saint Agnes School of Nursing, a .May Queen Contest was
sponsored liy the Freshman Class.
Candidates were selected from each of the four classes, namely: Senior Class. Miss Collette Dot-
son: Junior class. Miss Christabelle Bragg; Freshman Class, Miss Hortense While: Preliminary Class,
Miss Evelyn Delaney.
The candidate wilh the highest numher of votes. Miss Christahelle liragg, was crowned Queen
of the May by the Director of the School of Nursing, Mrs. Rosa Mai Godley.
The contest culminated in a gala affair, the May Queen Ball, where the May Queen, after
having received her crown, due honors and congratulations, reigned with Misses Dotson, White and
Delaney as attendants.
The Queen and attendants were beautifully attired in lovely formals with corsages presented by
our Director of the School. Mrs. Godley.
The contest netted $."i<i.<>7, the Senior Class raising $5, the Junior Class $21.06, the Freshman
Class $21.01, the Preliminary class $9.
The evening's entertainment was carefully planned and enjoyed by all. although next year we
arc looking forward to a bigger and better May Queen Contest.
— Sammte Jefferson and Ai.tiiea Carter.
PAGE THI RT Y-FOUK
"Prepare" Prepare for your life's work with a scientific preparation, for the nursing profes-
sion needs trained brains.
Nurses have a responsibility thai goes beyond that of an ordinary profession. There is a life at
stake. In our profession we deal with people who need assistance to overcome some diseases that have
overpowered them physie.-i lly. spiritually and mentally. We. therefore, conscious of our powers, can
uphold our profession because Of our innate desire to express ourselves to the utmost. This expres-
sion of ourselves cannot he had in an instant: it calls for time, growth and training.
( hi every hand we see people who are working at a tremendous disadvantage, doing the little things
playing the little game in life when they are capable of doing bigger things. The reason tor this is
they have not called out their reserves and do not know what is possible in them. They are ignorant
of their powers.
.Many never have prepared for the big things they are capable of doing, so they go through life
working in mediocrity, because of the lack of proper training along the line of their chosen work:
they are handicapped throughout their career.
What would you think of a jeweler who had a very valuable rough diamond and only ground one
facet, leaving practically all of the greatest wealth id' the diamond, its most beautiful brilliance, its
most marvelous possibilities, shut up inside where no one could see or appreciate or utilize its value?
Suppose it were impossible ever to grind more than one facet of this immense diamond. Think of
the loss in value.
Let us not grind one facet of our great human diamond, leaving marvelous possibilities, untold
wealth hidden within us. Shall we he content with "R.N.'s"? Then reach an age when it will almost
he impossible to mind other facets and then cry. "If 1 had only kept on!"
There is nothing like a splendid preparation for life's work. Never mind the sacrifices.
LET'S GET IT AT ANY COST! I.t nta.t.i: Ma x. Class of '4:'..
Miss Saint Agnes
It's gone hut not forgotten, for it was a beautiful "Homecoinin;-' Hay." with Miss Johnsy Terry
as "Miss Saint Agnes." attended by her five ladies-in-waiting, Misses Janie Tillman. Ludelle Madilox.
Christabelle Bragg, Hortense White and Hope Clyburn.
"Miss Saint Agnes" and her attendants were decorously perched on a beautifully decorated car.
with several id' the nurses following in an ambulance just as colorful.
At 1:30 on the afternoon of October 25, 1!)41, the parade slowly eased its way from St. Augustine's
campus up Tarboro Street, which was crowded with spectators.
"Miss St. Augustine" and her attendants demurely dressed in blue and while were one of the
outstanding features of the parade.
After winding its way through the streets of the city, the parade reached its destination. Chavis
Heights Park, where the homecoming game was to be played between Livingstone and St. Augustine.
At 2:30 came the kick-off after tense moments of waiting for the teams to assemble.
Between halves "Miss Saint Agnes" graciously presented "Miss Saint Augustine" with tin ex-
quisite bouquet of yellow chrysanthemums while the crowd loudly applauded.
Dear old Livingstone was beaten by a score of 3-0, after terrific struggling on both sides.
The day was fittingly ended with a dance, enjoyed by all. — Christabelle Bragg, class of '4:'..
Nursing Care of the Severely Burned
A child or adult is burned deeply and widely over the body, greasy ointments are hastily applied
to the burns, and the patient is rushed to the hospital. The patient is in extreme pain, but usually
shock is not present. After some sedative has been administered the burned surfaces are cleaned of
dirt, grease, and the like, and a protection and antiseptic coating applied. Perhaps Mood plasma has
been obtained, or whole blood, if plasma is not available. This and large amounts of intravenous
fluids have been started. Such treatments offset shock as much as possible, give the patient a chance
to prevent infection, prevent liver and kidney drainage toxicity. However, the treatment of this
patient has just begun. Nursing care for a burned patient is arduous, oft times difficult and dis-
heartening. But the reward of seeing a severely ill patient recover, withoiu disfiguring scars is suffi-
cient for careful, painstaking, and patient care.
Recent advances in fluid and blood plasma values of the well and ill person are most important
in the burned patient. This is due to the large amounts of fluids (water, sodium chloride, etc.) which
are lost to the circulation, either by actual loss through the burned site, dehydration, or bleeding into
the tissues. Blood plasma leaks into the tissues from the circulation : there is a marked increase in
the cellular elements of the blood which gives a high hemoglobin and red cell count. Coincidentally
there is a slowing of the circulation and a decreased kidney function which forebodes a serious upset
of bodily functions.
It is thus seen that excellent care of such a patient is imperative. The doctor administers the
intravenous fluids but the nurse must see that the patient takes large amounts of fluids by mouth.
These patients are so ill that merely placing a container of orange juice, water, or the like within
reach is of no value. They must lie coaxed to drink ami drink freely. If large enough amounts are
taken by the means of drinking, then only small amounts need lie given by infusion.
Even the smallest amounts must be recorded carefully, for such patients are judged on the
amount of fluid intake over a period of 12 to 24 hours. The urinary output must be recorded
ami totaled. Again the progress is dependent upon the reading.
The many complications of pneumonia, phlebitis, etc. are to the greatest part avoided by ex-
cellent nursing care. The good nurse changes the position of the patient frequently, making the
patient more comfortable and preventing complications from statis or gravity.
If the patient survives the first critical period, it is then the nurse's job to remove the eschar
which has been applied. Hurried, careless applications of the simple procedure of applying wet com-
presses ends in infection from too long a period before removing this protective coating.
In the last analysis the nurse works with the doctor as a team. It is the nurse that prevents
further trouble, foresees complications by acute observation, and by sympathetic care leads the pa-
tient through a trying time to health.
—Alexander Webb, .In.. M.I>.
Tuberculosis: Prevention, Control, Nursing Care
Tuberculosis having Ik'i ii the most destructive disease in the history of man and being responsi-
ble for about one twentieth of all deaths, is a disease of ancient origin.
History of this disease dates back to the decades of early Egyptians as revealed in the study
of tuberculous bones and remnants of old tuberculous adhesions in the chests of Egyptian mummies.
others who contributed to the early discovery, cause and treatment of the disease are: Hippo-
crates, Galen, Sylvius de la Boe of Holland, Laennec of Paris, Willemin of France, Hubert Koch of
Germany, James Carson of Liverpool and Carlo Foiianlni of Italy.
The modern treatment of tuberculosis dates from the early sanatoria of Brehmer (1S59) and Dett-
weiler (1S70). both of Germany, and Trudeau < 1.NS4 1 of America.
With the discovery of the stethoscope, X-ray. fiuoroscope and various methods of collapse therapy,
enormous strides have been made toward the prevention of this destructive disease.
Tuberculosis is caused by the multiplication of a micro-organism known as the tubercle bacillus
within the body. This germ was first demonstrated by Robert Koch in 18S2. The tubercle bacillus
belongs to a group of bacteria called acid-fast. They contain a waxy and fatty substance which makes
it difficult for stains in watery solution to penetrate them. These organisms are called acid-fast be-
cause, after being t\yrt\. they are difficult to discolor. The type which most frequently affects man
is known as Hie human type tubercle bacillus, but the disease may also be transferred to man by
the bovine type bacillus which is prevalent in cows.
The common method of infection is by transmission of the tubercle bacilli from the infected to
the uninfected people, usually by air-borne particles that originate from the sputum. The site most
frequently attacked being the lung tissue which has loss resistance to the growth of tubercle bacilli
than any of the other organs of the animal body. However, their growth may be carried to other
organs of the body through the blood stream.
The diagnosis has become a great responsibility of the physician and nurse. The nurses are to
find the cases and report them, determine the patient's financial status, suggest examination, make
arrangements for examinations and further treatment, it' necessary, and to be efficient in assisting
The physician's responsibility is to make an accurate diagnosis of the condition of the patient's
The diagnosis is made possible by correct history of the patient, physical examination of the
patient, including: Careful inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation of the chest, by the use
of stethoscope, nose and throat examination, X-ray, sputum examination ami other laboratory tests.
After the cause of the patient's illness has been determined the extent id' the disease in the lung
should be estimated.
The types of lesions formed by the tubercle bacillus are classified as: (1) Minimal, which is a
slight lesion confined to a small part of one or both lungs. ( - > Moderately advanced, which may
involve one or both lungs, with slight lesions, which may extend through not more than the volume
of one lung or the equivalent of this in both lungs. The lesion may be dense and confluent and may
extend through not more than one third the volume of the lung. (•". I Far advanced, lesion more
extensive than moderately advanced.
The symptoms of tuberculosis may be as follows: (li None. I-) Slight. (.".I Moderate. (4i Severe.
These symptoms may be present with any lesion.
In the treatment of tuberculosis the physician must rely upon the appearance of the X-ray, labo-
ratory reports, age. sex. race, economic status and disposition of the patient, also the presence of
The treatment varies in accordance with the type of lesion present to include strict bed rest, good
food and fresh air in most cases, also collapse therapy, which includes:
Pneumothorax, lateral or bilateral, which is the Introduction of air into the pleural cavity: the
abject being to collapse the lung in order to prevent movement of the diseased lung.
Pneumonolysis, which is an operation severing of lung adhesions, indicated when collapse of the
diseased portion of the lung is prevented by adhesions.
Thoracoplasty, a major operation sometimes indicated for patients with chronic disease of uni-
lateral character and the pleura is adhered, preventing successful pneumothorax. The operation con-
sists of removal of portions of the ribs on the affected side, usually three, reducing the size of the
thorax. This operation is performed in three stages.
Phrenic operation, which involves severing, crushing and removal of the phrenic nerve. The ob-
ject being to paralyze the diaphragm thus limiting the movement of the lung.
Case finding which is any of the prophylactic measures of tuberculosis is made possible by the
nationwide campaign in its effort to prevent and eliminate the disease. The survey method of case
rinding is most frequently used. This method consists of X-ray and examination of patients with
symptoms and of associates of patients with known tuberculosis.
The groups used in survey plans are: students of high schools, colleges and institutions, nurses
and medical students.
Tuberculosis among nurses presents a serious problem. To meet and solve this problem a proper
understanding at the beginning of the student's career, and immediate prophylactic examinations are
necessary. Regular examinations of students should be made on entrance to the school. Check-up
X-rays should be made every three months. All patients should be fluoroscoped and a tuberculin test
made before being admitted to the hospital. Adequate equipment and good nursing technique should
be a part of each hospital receiving tuberculous patients. All nurses should have periodic chest exam-
inations in order to decrease the prevalence of the disease among nurses who are exposed to these
The results of the treatment of tuberculosis depends upon the type of nursing care the patient
receives as well as his condition. The nursing can 1 is directed toward the comfort of the patient :
PAGE THIRTY SEVEN
this should be the first object of the nurse. This care includes careful bedrnaldng, serving of meals on
time, careful planning of meals so that they will contain nourishing food plus the vitamins and min-
erals necessary to promote the healing of the lesion, stressing the importance of rest, checking the
temperature, pulse and respiration, weight, observing hemoptysis and other symptoms, providing suit-
able ventilation, restricting visitors, and to assisting in the prevention of contagion by destroying
sputum and other discharges from the patient, careful isolation and gown technique, concurrent dis-
infection of contaminated areas, hand washing and careful disinfection of articles coming in direct
contact with patients such as furniture, trays, dishes, books, magazines and linen.
With the establishment of the tuberculosis dispensary or clinic in every city and rural section
a greater chance for the prevention of the disease is possible. Therefore, as nurses let us help by as-
sisting in finding these cases and reporting them, obtaining the cooperation of the patient finding
some means of medical attention for the patient and by assisting the patient to understand his' disease
Help the doctors by becoming efficient in assisting with treatments and in rehabilitation of the patient
so that lie may return to his community prepared to resume his responsibilities.
-Myrtle Roberts. Clag
References: Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, by John B. Hawes II. M.D , and Moses J Stone M D
Nursing mthe Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis, by H. W. Hetherin B ton. M.D., MR., C.P. (London I, and Fannie
-hishleman, R..N., B.S.
It Is Not Always Easy To:
Forgive and forget
Stand on your own
Make the best of a situation
Look on the bright side of life
Speak the truth
Speak at the right time
Control our temper
But it always pays!
-N". Wilson, Class of '43.
Repentance and Redemption
1 do not ask silver or gold,
All that I ask is : "Bless my soul" ;
Lord, make me what you'd have me be,
So that I, too, Thy face might sec.
I come, O Lord, ere my life is spent,
On bended knee I now repent :
Lord, bless me, help me, Thy word spread:
Of the wrath of man I have no dread.
I've been a sinner, Lord, 'tis true.
But liou I turn, I come to You;
I see you, Lord ; you've heard my voice.
To do Your will, Lord, is my choice.
I'm going now to spread the news.
On my feet now are holy shoes;
I plead to sinners, they pass me by,
I can but stand alone and cry :
Strengthen me. Lord; heal Thou my heart,
It's all for Thee, not just a part ;
Help me that I might help another.
And be to him a loving brother.
"The Lord Jehovah cares for me,"
Then one man stops, he shares my glee;
Thou hast forsaken us it seemed,
But now, O God, we're both redeemed.
I've done some evil and some good,
On the very brink of hell I've stood;
I've laughed at < 'hristians as thev passed by,
But now, O God, for Thee I'd .lie.
-Althea Carter, '44.
DR. H. A. POYSTER
DE. J. S. RHODES
DR. X. L. PERRY
DR. C. i;. BTJGG
DR. W. B. DEWAIi
DR. P. X. XEAL
DR. W. P. PETTI FORD
DP. ALEXANDER WEBB
DR. A. S. ROOT
DR. CHARLES P. ELDRIDGE
DR. K. P. XEAL
DR. H. A. THOMPSOX
DR. (). J. PLUMMER
DR. H. L. FLEMING
J. T. HOBBY & SOXS
RALEIGH NEHI BOTTLING CO.
BROGDEX PRODUCE CO.
Mr. /,". /•;. Lee
GEORGE MARSH CO.
J. M. EDWARDS' SHOE STORE
POLLOCK SHOE STORE
LIGHTXER'S FUXERAL HOME
X. C. MUTUAL IXS. CO.
To Miss Ruth E. Feider, for her helpful advice in all matters concerning the yearbook.
To Mrs. Rosa Mai Godley, for her interest and suggestions in the planning of the year-
book and wholehearted cooperation with the students in making the book a success.
To Miss Albertine Mason, our Matron, for her contributions in making our social activi-
ties successful, which helped in the making of the book a success.
To Mitchell Printing Company, for helpful suggestions and cooperation with the editors
in planning and printing.
And finally, to our subscribers, who helped to make this book possible, we express our
appreciation. — The Editors.
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