BEING PART II OF VOLUME XXXIV
FOR THE PUBLICATION OF
-loftc of fyt
AND OTHER DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO THE YEAR A.D. 1200.
Annual Subscription, One Guinea.
SIR H. C. MAXWELL LYTE, K.C.B., M.A., F.S.A., Deputy Keeper of the
SIR JAMES H. RAMSAY, BART., LL.D.
WILLIAM BROWN, ESQ.
WILLIAM FARRER, ESQ., D.Litt.
EDWIN FRESHFIELD, ESQ., LL.D., F.S.A.
SIR C. E. H. CHADWYCK HEALEY, K.C.B., K.C., F.S.A.
WILLIAM ALEX. LINDSAY, ESQ., K.C., F.S.A., Windsor Herald.
J. H. ROUND, ESQ., LL.D.
SIR G. F. WARNER, D.Litt., F.S.A.
W. H. RYLANDS, ESQ., F.S.A. WILLIAM PAGE ESQ., F.S.A.
EDWIN FRESHFIELD, ESQ., LL.D., F.S.A.
CHARLES TRICE MARTIN, ESQ., B.A., F.S.A.
DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS ET PUELLIS
DE XII COMITATIBUS
P. xxxi. (of Introduction) line 39, for " Wyverstone," read " Wiveton."
15. Note i, line 7, for " hold/' read " have held."
38. Note 3, line 4, for " p. xli," read " p. xliij."
50. Note i, line 2, for " William/' read " Richard/'
51. Note 3 (of p. 50), line 5, for " (p. xlii)," read " (pp. xli, xlviij)/'
64. Note 4, line 6, for " p. xli," read " p. xlv."
66. Note i, line 2, for " Gilbert," read " Richard."
,, 69. Note 2, line 4, /or " p. 199," read " p. 299."
76. Note 3, line 2, /or " Gilbert," read " Richard."
87. Note 3, line n, after " Introduction," insert " p. xxxvi."
DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS ET PUELLIS
DE XII COMITATIBUS
PRINTED FROM THE ORIGINAL IN THE CUSTODY OF THE
RIGHT HON. THE MASTER OF THE ROLLS
UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COUNCIL OF
THE PIPE ROLL SOCIETY
WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND NOTES BY
JOHN HORACE ROUND, LL.D.
PUBLISHED FOR THE SOCIETY BjY
THE ST. CATHERINE PRESS
34 NORFOLK STREET. STRAND, W.C.
INTRODUCTION ............. xvii
LINCOLN SCI RA
[WiNNiBRiGGS WAPENTAKE] i
LANGHO WAPENTAK' 2
SCHIREBECH WAPENTAK' 6
KALSEWATH WAPENTAK 10
ASWAREHIRNE WAPENTAK 13
FLAXWELLE WAPENTAK' 13
BALTESLAWE WAPENTAK' 14
JERETRE WAPENTAK' 15
JAREBURG WAPENTAK' .16
BRAITELE WAPENTAK' 16
HAIWARDHO WAPENTAK ' 17
NESSE WAPENTAK' 20
MANLET WAPENTACH' 20
HUNDREDUM DE WlLEBROC 23
HUNDREDUM DE STOKES 24
HUNDREDUM DE HOCKESLAWE 25
CLEILE HUNDREDUM 26
DUO HUNDREDA DE SUTTON* 2Q
HUNDREDUM DE BEREFORD 30
HUNDREDUM DE WICSTANETRE 31
HUNDREDUM DE CLIFTON 31
HUNDREDUM DE BEKELESWAD' . 32
HUNDREDUM DE FLETE . 32
HUNDREDUM DE MANESHEVE 33
HUNDREDUM DE COTESLAWE 34
HUNDREDUM DE STOKES 35
HUNDREDUM DE RUELAUE 36
HUNDREDUM DE DUSTEBERGE 36
HUNDREDUM DE STANES : . . 38
HUNDREDUM DE SEGGEL' . . . .38
HUNDREDUM DE BULENHAM .*...*... 40
HUNDREDUM DE MULESHOE . . ... .' . . . . 40
HUNDREDUM DE BUNESTOWE ........... 43
HUNTEDUN'SIRE . . . . . .-..'.,'; , . . . . 46
HUNDREDUM DE LEITONESTED' . . ... . . . 46
NORFOLK' . . . 4 47
[TAVERHAM HUNDRED] 47
HUNDREDUM DE CRAUERING . * * 54
HUNDREDUM DE HAPPINGES . . 54
HUNDREDUM DE GALEHO 57
[RISBRIDGE HUNDRED] *' ,, ,. . ... . . . 59
HUNDREDUM DE LAFORD 59
HUNDREDUM DE BABENG 60
HUNDREDUM DE KARLEFORD' 61
HUNDREDUM DE LOSE 64
VERUM DICTUM DE HUNDREDO DE BRADEWATRE ... 66
HUNDREDUM DE HODESCHAE 66
HUNDREDUM DE HERDFORD' 67
ESSEX . 68
HUNDREDUM DE LEXEDEN' 69
HUNDREDUM DE TENDRING' 71
HUNDREDUM DE HEINGFORD' 71
VERUMDICTUM DE ROCHEFORD 73
VERUMDICTUM DE HACKEFLETE 74
VERUMDICTUM DE HUNDREDO DE ANGRE 75
VERUMDICTUM DE ESTUDELEFORD 76
VERUMDICTUM DE CLAVERING 76
HUNDREDUM DE TURST' 78
HUNDREDUM DE WALTHAM 78
HUNDREDUM DE WITHAM 78
NORHUNDREDUM DE CHELMEREFORD* 8l
HUNDREDUM DE PAPEWURTHE 83
HUNDREDUM DE NORSTOWE 84
HUNDREDUM DE CHILEFORD' 84
HUNDREDUM DE WERLE 85
HUNDREDUM DE TRAPELAWE 86
ALID' HUNDREDUM 86
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM 91
INDEX RERUM . . 123
ANALYSIS OF INTRODUCTION
Description of the record, p. xvii. Parallel returns, p. xviii. Date of
the record, p. xix. Importance of the record, p. xxiii. " Marriage "
of male wards, p. xxiii. Object of the returns, p. xxv. Profits from
widows and wards, p. xxvii. Ploughs and ploughlands, p. xxxi. Pur-
chase of stock, p. xxxii. Rents and values, p. xxxiv. The Crevequer
barony, p. xxxiv. The marriage-portion, p. xxxvi. Infant marriage,
p. xxxvii. Age of widows, p. xxxviii. Number of children, p. xxxix.
The Bolebec heirship, p. xxxix. The Bidun pedigree, p. xli. The
Montchensy pedigree, p. xliv. The Rochfords of Rochford, p. xlv.
The " Hautein " Family,/*, xlvi. Corruptness in names of persons and
places,/), xlvi. Addenda, p. xlviii.
The so-called Rotuli de Dominabus is a record consisting of twelve
rotulets, each one of which has its own heading. Its contents have
hitherto been known only from a seventeenth century transcript (Harl.
MS. 624), certified by Sir Simonds Dewes and Roger Dodsworth to
have been collated by them with the original, May 3, 1643. Dugdale,
who used its evidence for his Baronage (1675), probably worked from this
transcript, which was printed by Mr. Stacey Grimaldi in 1830. The
original roll having been discovered, since then, in the Public Record
Office, 1 its text, revised by Mr C. Trice Martin, the Hon. Sec. of the
Society, is here printed as a supplement to the Pipe Roll of 1185.
The Latin title given to the record on Mr. Grimaldi 's title-page proves
to be derived from an endorsement on the rotulet relating to Suffolk
(p. 65). He has, however, added the words " anno 31 regis Henrici
II, 1185," which will be dealt with below, when the date of the record is
discussed. All the twelve counties named in that endorsement are the
subject of returns in the roll. Examination of the record proves that the
returns for each district were originally separate, the first and second
rotulet being devoted to Lincolnshire, the third to Northamptonshire,
the fourth and the fifth to Beds and Bucks, Rutland and Hunts, the sixth
to Norfolk, the seventh to Suffolk, the eighth to Hertfordshire, the
ninth and tenth to Essex, the eleventh to Cambridgeshire and the twelfth
to Middlesex. The fact that the Suffolk rotulet is headed " Primus
Rotulus de Sudfolk " seems to imply that there were originally, as for
Essex, more than one rotulet: this inference is strengthened by the fact
that only a few hundreds are named on the surviving rotulet. Beds and
Bucks were doubtless combined as being under one sheriff, but the associa-
tion of Rutland and Hunts appears to be fortuitous. The handwriting of
these rotulets varies a good deal. The hundredal headings are somewhat
misleading, being not infrequently omitted when a fresh hundred begins.
1 Its latest official classification is " Serjeanties Fees, etc. Bundle i, No. 2."
The close connexion at this period between judicial and financial
business explains the fact that these returns were made to justices in
eyre. They may claim, as having been so made, to be not merely the
earliest extant records of their kind, but the earliest enrolments definitely
connected with a judicial eyre. There was, however, apparently a
somewhat similar roll drawn up for justices twenty years before. The
Pipe Roll of 1166 (12 Hen. II) mentions a " Rotulus Simonis films Petri et
Widonis decani " in connexion, solely, with the re-stocking of certain
Norfolk and Suffolk manors then in the King's hands (p. 32). These
officials, who occur at the Exchequer, Michaelmas, H65, 1 directed that the
requisite stock should be purchased precisely as the justices are recorded
by our Rotuli to have done. But ten years later we obtain direct evi-
dence of justices being instructed to obtain precisely such returns as
those in the present Rotuli. The ninth clause of the Assize of North-
ampton (1176) runs thus:
Item Justitiae inquirant (i) de excaetis, (2) de ecclesiis, (3) de terris, (4)
de feminis, quae sunt de donatione domini regis.2
The " feminae " of 1176 are the " dominae " and " puellae " of our Rotuli,
which in one heading style the former " vidue." It may fairly be
inferred that similar rolls were compiled for the justices sent on eyre
in 1176. Indeed, there are possibly in our record indications of their
existence; one can find several references to a space of "eight years,"
which would point to 1177 as a terminus a quo? It may be that
rolls recording the results of the above inquiry were compiled in that
Turning to the period subsequent to the Rotuli, the record of an
eyre of 1194 in Wiltshire, published by the Society, 4 contains, in the
jurors' returns for the respective hundreds, several entries relating to
lands in the King's hand by escheat, and to ladies in the King's gift, one of
whom, the Countess Margaret, occurs similarly several times in the
But the most instructive parallel to our roll is found in those returns
which belong to the early years of the reign of Henry III, and which are
largely transcribed in the Testa de Nevill. While the Rotuli confine them-
selves to three subjects, (i) "Dominae," (2) " pueri," (3) "puellae," 5
1 Ey ton's Itinerary.
2 Cf. P. R. Soc. Vol. xxvi, p. xxii.
3 As these indications are important they may here be given in their order:
" his .viij. annis" . . . "hiis .viij. annis " ..." his .viij. annis " . . . infra hos .viij.
annos" ..." intra hos .viij. annos" . . . "jam .viij. annis elapsis" . . . "de hiis .viij.
annis elapsis " . . . " intra hos .viij. annos " . . . " infra hos .viij. annos." Compare
" infra istos .iiij. r annos " (1166-1170) in Red Book, p. cclxviii.
4 Vol. xiv, pp. 65-115.
5 It should be observed that the Rotuli, in their headings, distinguish between the
" dominae " and " puellae," who are " de donatione domini Regis," and the " pueri,"
who are " in custodia ejus."
the later inquiry dealt with six: (i) " escaetae," (2) " serjantiae," (3)
"ecclesise," (4) " dominse," (5) " vadletti," 1 (6) " puellse." In two
instances these returns are directly connected by the Testa with a judicial
The special importance of this parallel is found in the evidence supplied
by the Testa that the information was obtained by the sworn verdict
of jurors for each Hundred or Wapentake, 3 precisely as was that which
our Rotuli contain. An entry under the Suffolk Hundred of Lothingland
will illustrate the resemblance, and will also show that these returns were
actually made in court.
De dominabus dicunt quod Alicia que fuit uxor Rogeri de Burgo est de
donacione domini Regis et est maritanda, et terra quam habet in dote de
hereditate ipsius Rogeri valet .c. solidos. Et Alicia venit et dat unam mar-
cam ne distringatur ad se maritandam, sicut prius in sumonicione. 4
The system of an inquest for each Hundred with a sworn veredictum,
as our Rotuli term it, was adopted in both cases, as it was for a long
series of inquiries beginning, a century before our record, with the Domes-
day Record itself.
Our record, therefore, represents the sworn returns to a distinct in-
quiry, which formed part, but a separate part, of the business on a certain
judicial eyre. As such, we should not expect to find them mentioned on
the Pipe Rolls like those placita and conventiones or those amercements,
etc., which formed another branch of the judicial business. They would
be enrolled apart as on the present Rotuli, of which the exceptional
survival is a circumstance no stranger than that of the few fragments
of returns to " the Inquest of Sheriffs " 5 (1170) or of the lonely Pipe Roll
of 1130 (31 Hen. I) or the Exchequer Receipt Roll of 1185.
The date at which the Rotuli were compiled has now to be determined.
Dugdale, doubtless following Dodsworth and Dewes, assigned it to 32
Hen. II, 6 evidently on the ground that the eyre named in its endorsement
is recorded on the Pipe Roll of 32 Hen. II (1186). Mr. Grimaldi, on the
other hand, dated it, on his title-page, " anno 31 Regis Henrici II, 1185,"
and observed in his Preface that " The date of the record is ascertained
from the Pipe Roll of the 31 (sic) Henry II, where it appears that the
Justices Itinerant by whom these inquisitions were collected, were such
in that year." This, of course, is merely an error, for the Pipe Roll on
which this " appears " is that of 1186 (32 Hen. II) not of 1185 (31 Hen.
II). Nevertheless, no one seems to have questioned this statement;
1 i.e., minors in ward (pueri).
3 Testa, pp. 16, 53, 67, 106-108, 158-159, 215-216, 236-237, 299-300, 369-371.
4 Ibid., p. 300.
6 See The Commune of London and other Studies.
8 Baronage, I, 369, 542, 543, etc., etc. Dodsworth had worked on the Pipe Rolls,
and the transcript (now in the British Museum) has a note by Dewes that the record
was certainly of 32 Hen. II.
Stapleton, in his Observations on the Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Nor-
mandy (1844) , and Mr. Eyton, in his History of Shropshire, accepted 1185
as the date of the record. 1 But when the latter came to study the Pipe
Rolls for his Itinerary of Henry II (1878), he discovered the eyre in
question on the Roll of 32 Henry II, and consequently held that it took
place "during the fiscal year ending Michaelmas, 1186 " (p. 272), and
observed that the Rotulus " was a result of inquiries made in this
Iter" (ibid.). He, therefore, pointed out that " it is misdated by
its editor, but only by a year: it belongs to the year 1186, rather than
1185 " (p. ix). His annotated copy of the book, now in the British
Museum, shows that he had studied its contents in the light of that
The fact that the entries relating to the eyre with which the Rotuli are
connected are found on the Pipe Roll of 32 Hen. II may, no doubt,
suggest at first sight that our record cannot belong to 1185. But the real
proofs of its date are to be found in its own contents. Should that
evidence prove that it belongs to the year 1185, the non-occurrence of
the above entries before the roll of Michaelmas 1186 would be insufficient
to rebut such positive proof. 2
Perhaps the simplest test is that which is afforded by William Paynell's
manor of Broughton (" Bertone "), Lines. The roll states that William
Vavassor (one of the justices whose roll it was) had received its custody
" at Pentecost last past," and that William Basset, who had previously
held that custody, had taken thence 22. 10. o. in the previous year
(anno preterito) and 3. n. 7. " of the ferm of the present year, which
he is to hand over (qui deberent dari) at the coming Michaelmas." On
turning to the Pipe Rolls we find on that of 1184 that he accounts for
22. 10. o. "of the issue (s) of Broughton (Berton') which was William
Paynel's " (p. 21), and on that of 1185 that he duly accounts for 3. n. 7.
de redditu assiso of Broughton. The concordance is perfect, and the only
conclusion compatible with this evidence is that the date-limits of our
Roll are Whitsuntide to Michaelmas, 1185. Again, an interesting test
is afforded by William d'Alington's Essex manor of Stisted. Our record
states that the sheriff, who had it in custody from the Crown, with
William's daughter and heir, received from it "in the first year "
3. 16. o. and " in the second year " four marcs. The Pipe Roll of
1183 shows him accounting for 3. 16. o. ; that of 1184 shows him
accounting for four marcs; that of 1185 carries the tale further and
shows him accounting for 3. This would date our roll as later than
the Pipe Roll of 1184 and earlier than that of 1185. We have yet another
test in the entry on the Lincolnshire manor of Billinghay. From this we
1 Baker, however, in his valuable History of Northamptonshire, e.g., in his Dyve
pedigree (i, 160), adopted an independent date, viz.: " 1189-1190 (i Ric. I)," but on
what ground does not appear.
8 For the similar record on the roll of 1180 of pleas from an eyre in the previous
fiscal year see P. R. Soc., Vols. xxvin, p. xxi; xxix, pp. xxv-vi.
INTRODUCTION X xi
learn that the Archbishopric of York had been in the King's hands for
three years and a half. Now the archbishop had died in November, 1181,
three years and a half from which would bring us to May, 1185.
The entry of a manor forming part of William de Vesci's fief affords
similar indications. It states that the land had been in the King's hands
for two years at Easter last past. The only Easter that this could be is
that of 1185, for the Pipe Roll of 1183 (p. 140) shows that William de
Vesci's land had already been in the King's hands for part of the year.
This alone would dispose of Mr. Eyton's view that the date of the Lin-
colnshire return was July 15 to September 29, 1186, for two years back from
Easter, 1186, would only take us to Easter, 1184. Peter Painel's manor of
West Rasen, Lines, affords a further illustration. The Pipe Roll (p. 93)
shows the sheriff accounting for 54. 12. o. as the issues thereof " hoc
anno"; the Rotulus states that it had been in the King's hands since
Martinmas (November n) and that the sheriff had as yet received from it
in all 33. i. 10. This again proves the Pipe Roll to be later than the
Rotuli. Under Essex (p. 80) we read that young Robert de Septvans
had been in the King's hands with his manor of (Little) Wigborough from
a year before the Epiphany (i.e., from January 6, 1183/4), that Mauger
and Richard had received some rent at Easter and Michaelmas, and that
Roger, the reeve, had then received the manor at a rent of 11 a year.
This 11 is duly accounted for on the Pipe Roll of 1185 (p. 14). Moreover,
some of the stock ordered by the justices to be supplied had been actually
purchased between the date of the Rotuli and that of the Pipe Roll.
Another Essex holding affords similar evidence. The justices, we learn
from the Rotuli, had ordered large purchases of stock for Rochford and
Berden, manors of Guyde Rochford which were then in the King's hands.
The Pipe Roll shows (p. 43) that considerable expenditure had been
incurred in buying the stock required. Here then, again, the Rotuli are
shown to be earlier than the Pipe Roll.
A proof of another kind is afforded by the succession to that barony
of Wolverton, Bucks, of which Hamon Fitz Mainfelin was lord. It
first appears in the King's hands at Michaelmas, 1185, when the Pipe Roll
shows the sheriff accounting for 10. 18. I. " from the issues of the land
of Hamon Fitz Meinfelin " (p. 131), while a separate entry at the very end
of the Northamptonshire portion of the roll (p. 53) shows the sheriff of
that county accounting for 2 " de exitu de Wicha que fuit Hamonis
filii Meinfelin " (i.e., Wyke Hamon). This is the " Wika " of the Rotuli,
which value it as then worth only i. 17. o. a year 1 (p. 26). Now the
Rotuli speak of Hamon as recently dead " obiit die Veneris ante
Ascensionem " 2 leaving a widow and a son aged 20. Nothing is said
of any provision for the custody of the heir's lands or of any receipts as
1 As being bare of stock, but, if stocked, 4. 10. o. It had probably been stocked
before Michaelmas, when the sheriff rendered his account.
2 This would be in 1185, May 23.
yet therefrom. The sum mentioned on the Pipe Roll of 1185 (p. 131)
implies that the lands had only been in the King's hands for a portion of
the year, such as the above date of death would imply. Had the Rotuli
been compiled in 1186, the entry must have assumed a very different form.
It is strange that Dugdale, who is usually very accurate in his citations,
cites (Baronage, I, 543) " Rot. Pip. 31 H. II, Buck." for the statement
that in 1185 the heir " gave two hundred marks for livery of his lands,"
though no such statement is found on it. Moreover, he goes on to state
that the heir was "twenty years of age in 32 Hen. II and in ward,"
citing the Rotuli, not observing that this would be in contradiction to
his previous statement. But his words make it clear that he must
have assigned the Rotuli to 1186 (" 32 Hen. II "), as I observed
Mr. Eyton seems to have considered that the long opening entry under
Essex, which relates to Stephen de Beauchamp's land, supports the view
that the return belongs to 1186. It appears to me to be, on the contrary,
consistent only with the view that the date was 1185. Stephen died, it
tells us " in the year in which Richard, Archbishop of Canterbury, died,
on St. Edmund's Day " (November 20). Now the Primate is known to
have died in February, 1183/4. As the year did not then begin till
March 25, St. Edmund's Day in the same year must have been Nov. 20,
H83. 1 The entry then states that the land was taken into the King's
hands " at the Easter next following " (i.e., 1184) and given in charge to
Gilbert de Colleville who held it " from Easter till fifteen days after
Michaelmas last past." This I take to be October 13, 1184. After Gilbert's
death, we read, the King put Osbert de Glanville in his place from St.
Andrew's Day (November 30). If the " Michaelmas last past " was that of
1184, the return must have been made in 1185. An independent entry,
found under Norfolk, seems to afford proof that this was so. It states
that Stephen's heir had been in the King's wardship, the year before
(anno preterito), from Passion Sunday (March 18) to the feast of St. Simon
and St. Jude (October 28), during all which time Gilbert de Colleville had
charge of him, being succeeded by Osbert de Glanville. It will be found
that these entries, when studied in conjunction, prove that 1185 must
be the date of the returns.
Another proof is afforded by the first Northamptonshire entry, which
relates to Robert, son of Hugh Fitz Robert Fitz Sewin, who held land in
and about Northampton (p. 22). The Rotuli enter him as in ward to
the King, but twenty years of age, so that he was nearing his majority.
On the Pipe Roll of 1184 (30 Hen. II) his father is shown as alive (p. 102
bis); on that of 1185, in the two corresponding entries, the roll has been
altered in order to substitute his own name for his father's (pp. 45, 46),
and, finally, on p. 53, he accounts for his " fine " of 100 marcs for his land,
1 Even if the year were the fiscal one, this would still be true.
which proves that he had come of age by Michaelmas, 1185. This, it will
be seen, is decisive proof that the Rotuli cannot belong to 1186.
Our record is of greater importance and of more varied interest than
has been hitherto realized. It has been usually regarded only as genealo-
gical evidence; but great and, indeed, unique as is its value for
that purpose, it renders peculiar service, when the place-names
are identified and annotated, to the student of topography as
well. For, with the exception of the Pipe Rolls themselves, it is
many years earlier than the date at which our series of rolls
begins, while the form in which its information is given enables us to
connect it, not unfrequently, with the returns of knights in the Cart&
baronum of 1166. It is needless to seek instances in the older county
histories in which it supplements their manorial history and carries it
further back; for even in so recent and scientific a work as the Victoria
County History, one finds that only two of the Bedfordshire entries have
been utilized. We consequently read of the Malerbes, under Hoccliffe
(V.C.H. Beds, in, 383), that " First mention of them has been found in
1227 " 1 f Wymington, that there is no information on the manor from
1086 to 1215 (u, 119) ; of Compton manor that " there is no evidence of its
existence between 1086 and 1228 " (n, 267), and of Dunton, that the first
mention of the Chamberlains in connexion with it is in 1210. Nor has
any use been made of the information in the Roxton entry, owing to the
name of the place not being recognized in " Cokesdune." One may be
forgiven for citing these as concrete examples of the value of our record,
and of the imperfect use which has even now been made of it.
But it is not only the topographer who has much to learn from these
pages; for the historian and the legal antiquary they are first-hand
evidence on certain aspects of our feudal system in the last quarter of
the twelfth century. For a right appreciation of the Great Charter and
of the events leading up to it, the origin and character of the Crown's
exactions in virtue of its feudal rights have to be clearly ascertained,
and the statements of chroniclers or other writers to be checked by the
evidence of records. It has been pointed out in the introduction to the
Pipe Roll of this year (1185) that the sums claimed from the Countess of
Warwick prove that exactions remedied by the Charter were in full
operation thirty years before it was wrested from the Crown. Our
roll, similarly, contains proof that the King's right to give in marriage
male wards of the Crown was fully recognized at the time. Here again,
one may be pardoned for giving a concrete example of its value.
In the History of English Law (1895) attention is drawn to the " re-
markable fact " that " Glanville says nothing about the lord's right to
the marriage of a male ward ; he speaks only of the marriages of women "
( J 35)- But the knowledge and acumen of Maitland led him to add that
"we cannot adopt the popular view" (of legal writers) that the right
" was based simply on a strained construction of the general word heredes
in a section of Magna Carta." For he found that such marriages could be
traced back in records " to a very few years after Glanville 's death,"
his earliest instance being taken from 1193, when William de Longchamp
had bought the wardship of Stephen de Beauchamp, who appears as an
infant ward on our roll. 1 He, therefore, concluded that " we must
suspect that under Henry II the sale of the male ward's marriage was a
growing practice." Mr. McKechnie in his valuable monograph, Magna
Carta (1905), holds that the " right seems, at some uncertain date, to
have been extended from females to males," and cites the purchase of an
heir's hand in 1206 (p. 77). He, therefore, follows Maitland in rejecting
the legal view of its origin (p. 78).
The evidence of our record is decisive. William de Stanford has in
ward a youthful heir of eighteen, to whom he has married his daughter
" pro .c. solidis, quos dedit Domino Regi per dominum Rannulfum de
Glanville "; another heir of eighteen is in ward to Henry de Pinkeni, to
whose daughter he has been married " per Dominum Regem " for three
years; in the same county the lord of Wolverton, a young baron in ward
to the King, has married "per preceptum Domini Regis." The hand of
male wards was evidently sought in marriage by Crown officials for
their nieces or other relatives. Wimer (the chaplain), sheriff of Norfolk,
has married his niece to Reginald de Leyham and alleges that this was
done "per Dominum Regem"; Eustace Fitz Stephen has married his
daughter to the Buteriz heir " per licentiam Domini Regis " and has
secured the wardship of the youth and his land. We may suspect that
Robert de Luci had thus secured William de Tresgoz, aged seventeen, as
his son-in-law, and that Rannulf de Glanville had thus been able to
marry his sister to such a baron as the lord of Middleham, and his nieces
to Ralf de Haudeboville and Aubri Picot. 2 It was possibly the growth
of this practice which led the barons to demand that heirs should be
married without " disparagement."
1 almost hesitate to advance the suggestion that in this same fear of
" disparagement " we may find a possible explanation of the strange
wealth of information in our record on descent and relationship. The
barons had demanded " ut heredes ita maritentur ne disparagentur et per
consilium propinquorum de consanguinitate sua," and John had granted
that the marriage " ostendatur propinquis de consanguinitate ipsius
heredis." When we read, under Norfolk, of the infant La Veile heir that
he is " nepos Gwidonis Buteturte et cognatus Willelmi de Edisfeld," or
1 "Willelmus Elyensis episcopus debet .ccxx. marcas pro habenda custodia Stephani
de Bello Campo cum hereditate sua et eo maritando ubi voluerit."
2 That powerful official, Richard (of Ilchester), Archdeacon of Poitiers, had simi-
larly found a husband for his niece in William de Curzun, who had married her in
1168 (according to Abbot Sampson) to secure her uncle's influence at court (Mem-
orials of St. Edmund' s, i, 149). Ranulf de Glanville had found a husband for another
of his nieces, Berta, in William de Stuteville, a Yorkshire baron.
that Reginald de Leiham, on his father's side " fuit de parentela comitis de
Meuland et consanguineus Roberti filii Humfredi," we may feel that
there must have been some reason for recording this information. But
in this case Reginald was already married, and in the case of heiresses, to
whom the sixth chapter of the Great Charter is considered specially to
refer, there is somewhat of an absence of information as to kinship. So,
on the whole, it would be rash to assume that the wealth of genealogical
detail was connected with the fear of disparagement.
The above subjects by no means exhaust those on which our record
affords welcome information. The inquiry of which it embodies the
results appears to have included an examination of the sums actually
received by those in charge of lands belonging to widows (domina) and
wards. From this standpoint it may be compared with the well-known
Inquest of Sheriffs, fifteen years before, for which the sums actually paid
to sheriffs and other Crown officers were required to be stated in detail.
In both cases the returns of these payments throw considerable light
on " aids " and other exactions which were clearly liable to abuse, and
on what one may term extra sources of territorial revenue.
Lastly, there is economic evidence, by no means to be overlooked, on
the valuation of manors in relation to stock, especially the estimates of
value if a manor were fully stocked, which seem to bring our record into
close relation with Domesday, although the space of a century divided
the two inquests. Its entries also illustrate the practice of taking up
knighthood, the system of maritagium, by which portions were provided
for daughters, the great age attained by widows, the size of families, the
loose use of surnames at the time, and the existence of child-marriage.
But the primary object of this inquiry, as the headings of the rotulets
imply, was to ascertain the rights of the Crown over widows, minors and
heiresses and whether they had been infringed. 1 From this standpoint
it might be described as partly a quo warranto inquest. Indeed, Geoffrey
Brito, who had married a widow in the King's gift and who was alleged to
have done so " sine licentia regis," gave pledges that he would produce
his warrant (warrantum suum) at the Exchequer. By whose authority
was a widow or an heir married ? By whose authority was a wardship
held ? 2 Such were the essential questions to which an answer was sought.
And in the returns to this inquiry the vital word was per. " Per licentiam
regis," " per preceptum regis," or, more shortly, " per regem," was the
1 Fines for marrying a woman " de donatione regis," without leave (" sine licen-
tia") are of frequent occurrence on the Pipe Rolls (e.g., Pipe Roll 30 Hen. II, pp. 17,
54, 64, 82, 103; cf. Pipe Roll 31 Hen. II, pp. 72, 209). The woman also might forfeit
her lands, judging from an entry on the Pipe Roll of 33 Hen. II (1187) "quae
seisita est in manu Regis eo quod dicta Alicia nupsit sine licentia regis" (Red Book,
2 So in the similar inquiry under Henry III (see p. xviii above) the Essex jurors make
their return: " Johanna uxor est Willelmi de Herlawe, sed nescimus per quern."
" Heres Radulfi Picot est in custodia Baldewini fil (sic), sed nescimus per quern"
(Testa, p. 267).
sufficient answer. A duly qualified royal officer could also be vouched
to warranty. For instance, Geoffrey Peche had secured the widow of
Richard " de Coleka " (i.e. Colkirk) " per Hugonem de Cressi."
In the case of a ward a doubt might exist as to how the wardship had
been obtained. 1 In that of widows, questions might arise whether their
re-marriage (as above) had been authorized, whether, as in the case of
Peter de Billinghay's widow, they had actually re-married, and whether,
as in the case of those of Richard Gubiun and Guy de Rochford, they
were in the King's gift or not. This was a difficult point for the jurors,
and it gave rise to legal proceedings. 2
It is of importance, therefore, to explain on what grounds the Crown
could claim to exercise the rights of wardship and " marriage." Over
the widows and heirs of " barons," that is of tenants in chief who held
by knight service (per servitium militare), they were exercised as a matter
of course: tenure in chief " by serjeanty " also made the holder liable.
But these two classes provided only a portion of those who came, in virtue
of their tenure, within the clutches of the Crown. All those who held of
the great escheated " Honours," Boulogne, Wallingford, Peverel " of
Nottingham," Peverel " of London" (or of Hatfield Peverel) and so forth,
had become tenants in chief " ut de honore." As such, they were liable
to the same feudal claims as other tenants in chief, their distinctive
privilege being only that their " relief " was limited to 5 for each of the
knight's fees that they held. This, of course, applied also to the tenants
of quasi-escheated fiefs, such as the Honour of Arundel or that of Earl
Giffard, although they might be ultimately given back by the Crown.
Even where a fief came but temporarily into the King's hands, he exer-
cised over its tenants the same feudal rights as their lord would have done,
whether he were prelate or lay baron. 3 Cases from all these varied
sources are comprised within the entries on our roll.
The phrase applied to Thomas d'Arci's lands in Stallingborough
" quas tenet in Baronia de domino Rege " should be observed, because
of the frequent discussion, in the past, by legal and constitutional anti-
quaries, as to the meaning of baronial tenure or tenure " by Barony." 4
The writer's contention that this phrase merely meant, originally, tenure
as a baro, that is a tenant in chief, 5 is strongly supported by this entry,
in which that is clearly the meaning. Again, the phrase applied to
Thomas and his brothers " et sunt nati de baronibus " can, surely,
only mean that they belong by birth to the class of tenants in chief. On
the other hand, the phrase applied to the children of Beatrice " de
1 e.g., Robert de Saucei held the wardship of the Mantel heir, " ut dicunt, per
2 e.g., Bracton's Notebook, case 1278, where it was pleaded that tenure in dower of
lands held in capite (ut de honore] did not place a woman in the King's gift.
3 For instance, in the fifth entry on the roll, Peter " de Bilingeia" is in ward to
the King because the Archbishopric of York is in the King's hands.
4 C/. the History of English Law (1895), I, 258-260.
6 See Peerage and Pedigree, I, 359.
Sal tone " "et sunt nati de militibus" would seem to mean that they
belonged to the class of under-tenants, though the escheat of an Honour
had brought them into direct relation with the Crown. In the very next
entry the wife of Guy 1'Estrange is described as " nata de militibus et
baronibus." This is more difficult to explain, but the phrase apparently
refers to under-tenants 1 and tenants in chief. On the other hand, when
we read of two of the sons of Agnes de Montchensy that " ambo sunt
milites," this must mean that they had both actually received knight-
hood. 2 This observation applies also to the sons of Amice de Limesi
who had " duos filios milites " as had Alice of Essex and to those
of Alice de Lisures, who had " duos filios milites et duos alios."
Of the entries only a small proportion are represented on the Pipe Rolls.
For a widow's dower is merely stated for the purpose of ascertaining her
value as being in the King's gift ; 3 it is only the profit from the wardships,
therefore, that would appear on the annual rolls. And of these, the
appearance was limited to those which were accounted for by the sheriff
of the shire or which were separately farmed for the Crown, as was " the
land of Albert Gresle." If the wardship had been bought outright by the
mother or some other relative, or, again, if it had been granted to a
favourite or official for his benefit, its profits would not be accounted for.
The normal sources of profit in the case of a wardship would be the
revenues accruing from the manors held in demesne, each of which is
named in our record. From these would have to be deducted the widow's
dower either one or more specified manors or, as sometimes occurs,
her " third " and, though this is an obscure point, the cost of the heir's
subsistence. In some cases, where the holding was small especially
where there were two widows, each of them entitled to her " third "
the issues, we find, were so slender as to leave little or nothing for the
It is a singular fact that three out of the four justices to whom these
returns were made, Hugh de Morewich, Ralf Murdac, and William
Vavassor, were themselves among the holders of the wardships to which
the returns related. Hugh was holding at ferm the lands of William de
Vesci and Gilbert Hansard; Ralf those of the D'Eincurt heir and the
Luvetot heiress; William that of William Paynel. 4 They were thus
1 For " miles " in this sense see my observations in Peerage and Pedigree (from a
much earlier paper) i, 335-336. One has to speak on this point with great caution,
for, although in 1166 (as in 1086) the tenants-in-chief, as barones, made return of
their under-tenants as milites, the distinction between the baronia and the knight's
fee in Magna Carta remains one of its unsolved puzzles.
2 See note to text on her eldest son's knighthood.
3 Cf. the return to the Inquisition as to Beatrice " La (sic) Coroner " (whose
land was held by Coroner serjeanty) in 1258 (Cal. of Inq., i, No. 414). We read that
" Her marriage pertains to the King and is worth loos, only, because she is much
burdened with debts and the cost of her boys, and is beyond the age of child-bearing,"
etc. Yet the King found a man to whom he could grant her within a month of this
4 William Vavassor was also one of the three custodes of the Archbishopric of York,
then in the King's hands, and appears in that capacity under Lincolnshire.
receiving returns as to their own conduct in that capacity. For instance,
Ralf Murdac is returned as having received from Blankney, in addition
to sums " de firma," 10. 12. i. " de releviis et de terris que fuerunt in
manu sua antequam homines finem fecissent."
This entry is typical of those which record the takings of royal officers
in charge of wards " preter firmam." Geoffrey Fitz Azo, for instance,
" cepit preter firmam, postquam habuit custodiam, de releviis et aliis
exitibus .xiiij libras et .x.solidos." The best example of this is the conduct
of Richard Rufus (or " Ruffus "). In addition to " farming," at this
time, for the Crown the great Honour of Berkhampstead, he had been in
charge, for rather over seven years, of the late William de Say's lordships
of Kimbolton (Hunts) and Saham (Norfolk). The figures for Saham are
the simpler. Its annual " ferm "is of interest as being paid partly in
money, partly in kind, viz.: 23. 6. 8., twenty boars, eighteen seams
(summcz 1 ) of malt (brasii), twenty-four seams of salt, and ten rams. It
was in addition to this ferm (preter firmam) that he had received, during
his tenure, (i) four marcs from the soke of the manor, (2) 23. 3. o.
from aid and (the profits of) pleas, (3) 9. 17. o. from heriots. 2 (4)
3. 3. 2. from women's fines for marriage, 3 (5) 2 from Ernald de
Meisy, (6) 34. n. u. from the issues of the barns, i.e., apparently, the
sale of produce.
The return for Kimbolton is less clear. No firma is mentioned, but
the annual value is given as formerly 32, but 40 at the time of the return.
The receipts specially entered are (i) 55. 15. n. " de asiso redditu,"
i.e., from fixed renders, (2) 84. 13. 4. from aid, (3) 61. 4. 9. from
forfeitures, (4) 23. 12. 8. from the free tenants (franccis hominibus),
as the proceeds and composition for pleas, 4 (5) 15 from the wood
called "la Haie " (5) IDS. from a vaccary, (6) 130 " de orreis," i.e., the
sale of produce. So far, it seems, no question was raised as to Richard's
right to these receipts; but the interests of the Crown wards had to be
guarded. The stock on the manor must not be diminished, and the
woods must not be " wasted." Now at Saham the return shows that the
stock had gravely diminished when Richard handed it over; at Kim-
bolton he is definitely charged with carrying off twenty oxen and other
stock. More serious still, he is charged with extensive waste of the
timber and underwood, removing some of it into Leicestershire to con-
1 i.e., horse loads. The renders of malt and salt were often commuted for money.
2 Usually the best beast on succession of the villein tenants.
3 I translate gersume here thus, because it seems to be contrasted with the
heriots. Moreover at Middleton, another Norfolk manor, we have the phrase de
gersumis fern'. In a Ramsey Abbey survey a villein " debet dare tallagium et
gersumam pro filia sua" (Cartularium ill, 324); in another place, " dabit etiam
pro filia sua maritanda gersumam " (i, 298). A Bury St. Edmund's document speaks
of " Gersuma pro filia sua maritanda " (Vinogradoff, Villainage in England,
The word gersuma, however, was also used for a fine on admission, consideration
money for a lease, etc., etc.
4 " pro exitibus et fine placitorum." This is an awkward phrase.
struct a house for himself. From another quarter, we obtain evidence of
what appears to be similar waste of a ward's woods. Reginald de
Curtenai, in spite of the favour which he enjoyed at court, is shown by the
Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 139) to have been amerced i. 6. 8.
for " waste " of the woods of Waddesdon and Hillesden (Bucks). Now
these were manors of the Bolebec heiress, who was then in his custody,
as is shown by our record.
Here then, we have an excellent illustration of the abuse aimed at by
the Great Charter in its clause relating to wardships.
Gustos terre hujusmodi heredis qui infra etatem fuerit, non capiat de
terra heredis nisi racionabiles exitus et racionabiles consuetudines et raciona-
bilia servicia, et hoc sine destructione et vasto hominum vel rerum.
In his admirable commentary on the Great Charter, Mr. McKechnie
asks, "What is waste of men? " He replies: "Clearly to enfranchise
villeins was one method of wasting men: the young heir when he came
to the enjoyment of his estates, must not find his prsedial serfs emanci-
pated " (p. 245). This interpretation I doubt. It appears to me that
the true meaning is to be found in that Domesday phrase, " Ursus
vicecomes ita vastavit homines quod modo reddere non possunt sal "
I, i63b). With this we may compare that which our record uses of
Billinghay: " exaltavit Archiepiscopus dictam villam ad .xvj. libras, et
ideo, ut aiunt Juratores, est villa destracta et homines destracti." The men
were ruined or impoverished by excessive exactions. Mr. McKechnie,
indeed, suggests in a footnote, as an alternative explanation, that
" another way of ' wasting ' villeins was by tallaging them excessively,"
and aptly cites three or four cases from Bracton's Notebook. 1 But in
the case on which he specially relies (485) the words are " destruxit
villanos per talliagia et alias occasiones et exacciones." These cover, as it
seems to me, some of those exactions which are entered in our record,
and explain the insistence of the Great Charter on the word " raciona-
This is a point on which it has been necessary to dwell, because it seems
to supply the reason for the careful record on these rotuli of the sums
levied from wards' lands by those who had their custody. It also illus-
trates the value of our record as bearing on the problems of the Charter,
and confirms my view that historical writers have unduly ignored it.
The Charter assists us, in its turn, to understand our record; its wardship
clause distinguishes carefully between the custos who is " farming "
for the Crown and has to account to it for the issues of the land 3 and
1 The actual cases in which " waste " of men (vastum . . . de hotninibus) is alleged
are 485, 607, 632, 718 (" homines destruxit"), 1201.
2 " racionabiles exitus, et racionabiles consuetudines, et racionabilia servicia."
3 " si nos commiserimus custodiam alicujus talis terre vicecomiti vel alicui alii
qui de exitibus illius nobis respondere debeat."
him who has acquired the wardship to " farm " on his own account. 1
Thus, in the case we have been considering, Richard Rufus, who was
farming the Honour of Berkhampstead for the Crown, accounted for its
firma on the Pipe Rolls ; but as he had obtained the custody of William de
Say's lands for his own benefit, he did not so account for them. This
explains the silence of the Pipe Rolls as to many of the wardships in the
The reader will be able to study for himself, in the light of these re-
marks, the entries of sums exacted, but attention may be drawn to the
jurors' outspoken charge of " unjust " extortion by Thomas Fitz Ber-
nard's underlings at Whitfield, Northants, to the " fine " of i exacted
from a widow at Berden, and to the reliefs from free tenants at Middleton
and Wilbraham. All mention of " aids " should be carefully noted. As
to the sheriff's aid, there is, of course, no question, but on those exacted
by the lords of manors, which are still an obscure subject, some light is
thrown by our record and by the returns to the Inquest of Sheriffs, 2
There is a curious entry under Broughton (" Bertone ") that William
Basset, while he had its custody, " cepit de hominibus pro consilio et
auxilio dimidiam marcam." Whit church is entered as worth 20 a year
" without aids, demesne or garden," with which we may compare the
estimate for Wolverton " without pleas and tallages." A good case of a
widow exacting an aid from her own tenants is that of Alice de Bidune,
who, after her husband's death, " cepit de terra sua . . . de auxilio .xxiiij.
solidos." Probably the case of Alice de Beaufo, to whom, " preter
firmam, dederunt homines .iiij. solidos et .iij. summas avene," was similar.
In some cases an aid was levied by the guardian for the use of the heir.
Thus young Hubert Blund received 2 " de auxiliis " from Ixworth, by
his guardian's direction, and eight marcs " ad auxilia " from two other
manors. 3 Such aids seems to have resembled the " benevolence " to the
sovereign in later times.
Here, again, we are brought into contact with the Great Charter. By
one of its clauses, the King grants " Nos non concedimus de cetero alicui
quod capiat auxilium de liberis hominibus suis nisi," etc., etc. There
seems to have been a strong tendency in lords of manors to " pass on "
their financial burdens to those beneath them.
Apart from the exactions of royal officers on estates of which they had
the charge, the sheriff on whom see the Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen.
II, p. xxxii) might take money or goods from a ward's lands. Thus, on
p. 2, we find the Sheriff of Lincolnshire exacting 3 a year, for three years,
from two manors " de communi auxilio " and a varying sum " de franco
plegio," that is, doubtless, from view of frank pledge, in addition to
1 " si dederimus vel vendiderimus alicui custodiam alicujus talis terre."
2 See, for them, Red Book, pp. cclxxii, cclxxv-cclxxviii, cclxxx.
3 Compare the aid for knighting Ralf de Montchensy in the returns to the Inquest
of Sheriffs, and see Vinogradoff's Villainage in England, pp. 293-294 for these manorial
which he carried off stock and chattels to the amount of 15. Ralf
Morin, whose exactions are recorded under East Haddon, Northants,
seems to have been acting as deputy sheriff.
Turning to agricultural economy, it is with the Domesday survey,
a hundred years before, that we must compare our record. But that
comparison will not prove as easy as might be hoped. Our record, in the
first place, deals only with the demesne portion of the demesne manors
on a fief ; it is with the stock on this demesne that its entries are concerned.
On the great manor of Clavering, in north-west Essex, Domesday shows
us 25 plough-teams (caruce) of the " men," but only five on the demesne,
where, indeed, there had been but four in 1066; but it adds, " .i. caruca
potest restaurari in hoc manerio." Our record states the right number
of plough-teams on this manor to be six, because it deals with the demesne
only; Domesday, apparently, here agrees and reckons the "potential "
ploughs for the demesne as six. Our record makes Clavering worth,
when fully stocked, 40 a year; Domesday's figures are 20 in 1066 and
30 in 1086, which certainly suggests that these valuations were made in
round figures. Rochford, at the other end of the county, is valued by our
record at 12, when stocked ; the Domesday figures are 5 in 1066 and 7
in 1086. But while our record gives two as the potential number of
(demesne) ploughs, Domesday shows us three in 1086 as against two in
1066. Our record gives the potential ploughs on the demesne at Stan-
ford Rivers as six, but Domesday shows us ten thereon in 1066, and
seven somewhat later; again, though the number of sheep that the land
could carry is here limited to forty-seven, Domesday shows us 233. There
seems in this case to be discrepancy, though the rise in value from 24
in 1066 to 40 (" blanch ") in 1086 and 50 in 1185 is reasonable enough.
Not so with Ixworth and the other two demesne manors of the Blunds
in Suffolk; between 1066 and 1086 their value had only risen from fy to
12, but here, in 1185, it is reckoned at 46. Moreover, the demesne
ploughs at Ashfield and Walsham are expressly limited by our record
to four ; yet Domesday shows us six, both in 1066 and in 1086.
It is impossible here to follow out the comparison, which, however,
deserves doing in view of the great obscurity which surrounds the subject
of the Domesday ploughlands. 1 On the plough team (caruca) there is
evidence which is well worth attention. The great team of eight oxen
which was so normal as to be, I showed, treated in Domesday as the
uniform number is specially named in certain cases. At Kimbolton
there were eight such teams, at Sixhills, four; at Wyverstone and at Stow
Beedon (as I read it) two ; at Walsham, two ; at Clopton and at Eton, one.
On the other hand, teams of six oxen are found at Wycombe (two) and
possibly at other places, such as Ixworth, Ashfield and Sculton, but the
1 See Domesday Book and Beyond, where they are styled " team lands," and
compare Vinogradoff , English Society in the Eleventh Century (1908), pp. 156-174,
where the subject of the " potential" plough-lands is fully discussed.
text is ambiguous. At Fairstead there seems to be a clear case of a
mixed team, six oxen and two horses, so that the teams of six, and even
some of eight, oxen may have been assisted by horses. For in the same
part of the country we find, in 1222, mixed teams, varying in number
from six to ten. 1
Surprise is sometimes excited by the fact that the Domesday survey
was able to state the exact numbers of the stock, not only twenty years
before, but also at an intervening date. Our rolls show that a careful
record of such figures was preserved. Under Saham we find the details
of the stock which Richard Ruffus had taken over with the manor, more
than seven years before, contrasted with that diminished stock which he
handed over to Geoffrey Fitz Piers. But a more striking instance will
be found under Caythorpe, where there is a record, in minute detail, of
the diminution of stock between Adam of Carlisle taking it over in
1183 and his handing it over to Hugh de Morewic in 1184. The
early leases of St. Paul's manors may be profitably compared for such
inventories of stock. 2
The question of stock reminds us that the essential object of that
inquiry to which we have here the returns was to ensure to the Crown
the utmost profits from widows, and from the lands of wards. Con-
sequently, it will be observed, there is a careful record of what such lands
would be worth if they were fully stocked. When this had been ascer-
tained, the justices gave orders that the necessary stock should be pur-
chased. " Et hec terra precipitur instaurari " is the formula for this in
our record, but the present edition reveals the fact that Instaur' was
added as a marginal note. Attention was drawn at the outset (p. xviii)
to the employment of justices for the purpose as pointing to the close
connexion between fiscal and judicial matters. We read on the Pipe
Roll of this year (31 Hen. II) of additional stock being bought for William
de Vesci's lands " per justicias ad hoc missas " 3 (p. 9) and of the same
being done for Robert Fitz Bernard's manors "per justicias" (p. 27);
in the great entry dealing with the Earl of Gloucester's fief (p. 155) there
is mention of some stocking " ante adventum justiciarum " and of addi-
tional stocking " per sacramentum factum coram justiciis." This would
be the sworn verdict of local jurors such as is referred to in our record.
It seems rather difficult to explain why the manors of wards should
have been so imperfectly stocked when they came into the hands of the
Crown. To take a clear, if extreme, case, Guy de Rochford's manor of
Rochford (Essex), when his son, John, became a ward, was absolutely
destitute of stock. 4 The justices ordered that Rochford should be stocked
1 Domesday of St. Paul's (Camden Soc.), p. xv. So late as 1840 " the grande quevne,
or large plough, usually drawn by four oxen and six horses," was spoken of as
introduced " of late years " in Guernsey.
2 Domesday of St. Paul's (Camden Soc.), pp. 122-139.
3 Cf. p. xviii above.
4 ' ' Valet annuatim .xij . libras cum rationabili instauramento, quod totum ibi deficit. ' '
and also Berden, his other manor, the deficiency on which is not stated.
The result of this order is seen on the Pipe Roll of the following Michael-
mas (31 Hen. II, p. 43), when 16. 13. o. was expended on thirty
(plough) oxen, twenty-three farm horses (affri), two bulls and twelve
cows, two boars and twenty swine. There were also bought 585 sheep
at eightpence each, evidently for making the great cheeses from the ewes'
milk down in the marshes. Their total cost was 19. 10. o., which
shows that these sheep were reckoned by the short hundred. Now, the
estimate of the whole stock required for the two manors was four plough-
teams, two bulls and ten cows, two boars and fifteen swine, thirty-one
rams and 310 sheep. So the Crown actually bought for these manors
considerably more stock than it was reckoned they could carry. On
another Essex manor, that of (Little) Wigborough, the deficiency of
stock was reckoned at one plough team, eight cows, twenty swine, and
200 sheep; the Pipe Roll (31 Hen. II, p. 14) shows the sheriff buying
two farm horses (affri) at five shillings each, twenty swine at a shilling
each, and twelve rams with 120 sheep for 3. 6. o., that is to say, for
sixpence each. Here the stock purchased was under the estimated
need. More, however, appears on the roll of 1186.
Stock for manors in the Crown's hands was bought on a great scale.
For those on the fief of the Earl of Gloucester, there were purchased,
this year, forty-nine oxen and nine affri at four shillings each, nineteen
cows at three shillings, 1,710 sheep at sixpence, 121 goats at eightpence,
and 107 swine at eightpence. For those in the north country Honour of
William de Vesci, of which only one is included in our record, the Crown
bought 237 oxen at about five shillings and sixpence, fifty-seven cows at
about four shillings, three farm horses (affri) at four shillings and three-
pence, and 1,684 sheep 1 at between eightpence and ninepence each.
This points, as the writer observed in the Introduction to the previous
Roll (30 Hen. II, p. xxxi),to the price of stock being higher in the north
than in the south of England. In Somerset, oxen only cost three shil-
lings and fourpence, and sheep fourpence. 2 In Wiltshire, however, their
respective prices were four shillings and sixpence. 3
The returns on our record speak of the right amount of stock for the
land as " racionabile instauramentum " and sometimes add " nee
potest plus instauramenti pati." In 1215, the barons required of John
" ut custos terrae reddat haeredi, cum ad plenam aetatem venerit, terram
suam instauratam secundum quod rationabiliter poterit sustinere, de
exitibus terrae ejusdem, de carucis et wainnagiis." Caruce is an ambigu-
ous term used both for the ploughs and the plough-teams, and of live-
stock there is here no other mention. The point is of some interest, for
although the Crown purchased the livestock required " de exitibus terrae
ejusdem," and not from its own funds, it obviously diminished by that
amount its net revenue from the land at the time, although it added to its
1 Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. II, p. 9. a Ibid., p. 27. * Ibid., p. 195.
annual value for the coming years. As an instance of such increase it is
interesting to note that in eight separate entries the addition of a hundred
sheep is reckoned to add i a year to the value of the manor. 1 But we
seem to be left in doubt as to whether the Crown handed over to the heir,
on his coming of age, the livestock which it had itself purchased on en-
tering into occupation of his land.
Before leaving the subject of agricultural economy, one may note that
there is mention of the great open fields (campi) of Buckingham, North-
ampton and Boston. There are also traces of a sworn or " affirmed "
valuation of the annual value of a manor, as at Sixhills, which manor,
" cum firma et instauramento et perquisitionibus, fuit affirmatum, per
preceptum Domini Regis, per Gilbertum Basset et Radulfum Gibewin,
pro .xx. libris per annum." But Robert de Lucy is entered as exacting
20 a year 2 from a Norfolk manor " que terra fuit jurat a ad valentiam
.xv. librarum." At Dunton, Beds, there is a clear case of the men of
the vill " farming " it themselves from the royal officer in whose custody
it was. 3 At Blankney the demesne and the pasture had been mortgaged
to the monks of Kirkstead, who were feeding the stock on the latter to its
utmost capacity. At Hackthorn there is an interesting estimate of the
annual value; the widow, whose dower it was, had two plough-teams,
worth 3 a year, while the fixed rents (redditus assise) and the labour-
services (operationes) were valued at 2. 10. o. This total of 5. 10. o.
could be raised, it was reckoned, to 8. 10. o., if 200 sheep, two cows,
and two swine were added. If we allow for the sheep, 2 a year, the cows
and swine would be valued at i a year. At Sutton Basset the rent(s)
from the free tenants amounted to 2. 14. oj. ; rents were sometimes
paid partly in kind, and at Moulsoe we have a valuation of 6. 3. 6.
plus two geese and four capons, while on a Buckinghamshire manor
" sticks " of eels are received in addition to money. At East Haddon the
orchard is entered as worth five shillings a year. The curious render of a
headpiece of peacock's feathers (capellam de Pavone) occurs at Caythorpe ;
about this very time Urban III is said to have sent the King a crown of
peacock's feathers set in gold as a symbol of his lordship of Ireland. 4
The genealogical interest of the roll will be dealt with in the notes to
the entries; but some matters at least deserve mention here. Four of
the entries relate to the Lincolnshire house of Crevequer which was
quite distinct from the Kentish one, and which held a territorial barony
little, if at all, known, owing to Dugdale's omission of it in his great work
on the Baronage. This omission is due to the fact that no return was made
for it among the Carta baronum of 1166. In 1172, Simon de Crevecuer,
1 Among these is Moulsoe, where the value would be raised from ^14 to ^15.
In Grimaldi's edition the former figure is wrongly given as ^4.
2 " posuit earn ad firmam pro .xx. libris."
3 Cf. Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, pp. xxxi-ii.
4 "Misit ei coronam de penna pavonis auro contextam" (R. Hovcden, n, 306-307,
Cf. Benedictus, I, 339).
its then holder, is entered among those " qui cart as non miserunt " (i.e.,
in 1166) and is charged 13. 10. o. 1 for the scutage of Ireland, as if his
barony owed the service of thirteen and a half knights. This figure was
wrong. The service due was that of fifteen knights, 2 being based, as in
other cases on "the five knights unit." 3 This discrepancy is explained
by an entry in the Red Book (p. 521), which shows that thirteen and a half
knight's fees had been created on the fief, leaving one and a half chargeable
on the demesne (i.e., Redbourne). 4 The most valuable record of the fief
is on p. 344 of the Testa (from the returns of 1212), where its constituent
manors are given, and the benefactions of its previous holders recorded.
Among them is found Gilbert Fitz Gocelin, son and successor of Gozelin
Fitz Lambert, a Domesday tenant in chief, whose holding proves to be
represented by this Crevequer fief. The gift of Redbourne Church to
Selby Abbey by Gilbert Fitz Gocelin Fitz Lambert will be found in
Selby Cartulary, p. 228.
The Pipe Roll of this year shows Walter de Nevill claiming the land
of Reginald de " Crevecuer," whose " daughter " he had married; 5 and this
" daughter " is proved to be Cecily de Crevecuer by a record of 1204,
which shows her claiming the reversion of land in Harpswell and Hardwick
which her father's widow, "Amabilis," had held in dower. 6 Alexander
de Nevill was her son and heir. 7 This Cecily, who appears in several
records, had a suit for the barony with Alexander de Crevecuer, 8 which
was compromised by certain land being assigned to him. 9 A record of
this suit is found in Placitorum Abbreviatio (pp. 38-39) from which we learn
that it was heard in Easter term 4 John (1202). Cecily set forth the
pedigree thus :
Maud, heiress of the= [Reginald de Crevequer]
(i) Alexander de== Amabilis (2) Simon de== ....
1 Pipe Roll, 1 8 Hen. II, p. 94.
2 " Cecilia de Crevequer .xv. milites " (Red Book, p. 170, indexed under Cressi).
So also "Cecilia de Crevecuer . . . de feod' .xv. militum" (Rot. Cane., 3 John, p. 292).
"In baronia de Creuk' . . . feoda .xv. militum ad servicium domini Regis " ( Testa, p. 344).
3 See my Feudal England.
4 " In dominico de Kalerne (sic) .]. militem [et] dimidium." The editor was not
able to identify this " Kalerne," but, on examining the text, I found that the
name should be read " Raburne," viz.: the " Reburne " of Domesday, the " Ra-
burne," of a Harl. Charter (48 I, 49) and the " Redburne" of the Rotulus, where it
appears as a demesne manor. It is important to note that the whole barony is
styled "the barony of Redeburn" in an Inquisition of 1287 (Cal. of Inq., iv,
P- 35). where it is not identified, which confirms the statement above that it is
5 Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. II, p. 91.
6 Rot. de Obi. et Fin., 1199-1216, p. 213.
7 Ibid., p. 199. He succeeded to the fief, and its details when in his hands will be
found in Testa, pp. 311-312.
Ibid., pp. 113, 284; Rot. Cane., 3 John, p. 188.
* Testa, p. 344. It was half a knight's fee in Hackthorn and (Cold) Hanworth.
Alexander did not contest this, but pleaded that his father Simon had
died seised and that Maud had not died seised, as alleged by Cecily.
The Rotulus shows Maud as still living in 1185. The pedigree given by
Cecily is confirmed by Harl. Cart. 48 I, 49, in which Reginald] de
Crevecuer makes a grant in Redbourne " concessione et consilio Matildis
uxoris mee et Alexandri filii mei," 1 for the souls inter alios of Gilbert Fitz
Goscelin (see above) and of his own sons. His son Alexander made a
fresh grant in Redbourne, Hackthorn and Hanworth (Ibid., 48 I, 51), 2
and both grants were confirmed by his brother Simon (see pedigree) in
Harl. Cart. 48 1, 53. 3 This Simon was father of Alexander (Ibid., 48 I, 52),
The upshot of the whole matter is that Cecily, the heiress of the barony,
who married Walter de Nevill, was not " daughter " but granddaughter
of Reginald de Crevequer, in spite of the Pipe Roll entry. But how her
uncle Simon obtained possession of the fief it is difficult to say.
The following pedigree will illustrate at once the value of our record as
proving marriages probably unknown, and the prevalence of the practice
of granting to daughters a marriage portion (maritagium) , even where the
fief, as a whole, passed to the son and heir. Attention may be drawn to
the number of entries which reveal the existence of this tenure. 4
William* Mauduit of Hants, Bucks and=|=.
Rutland, Chamberlain of the Exchequer I
lain of the
As an illustration of the light that our roll can be made to throw on
infant marriage under feudalism and, indeed, on family history, we may
take the entries connected with Thomas Fitz Bernard and his wife.
Annotating these from other sources we learn that William Malet, a
steward (dapifer] of Henry II who held Crown lands in Dartford, Kent,
and seems by the entries relating to them to have been succeeded by
his son Gilbert between Mich. 1169 and Mich. H7O, 6 had married
1 Ex inform., H. J. Ellis. Reginald also confirmed his father's gift to Selby "con-
silio et consensu uxoris meae Matildis " (Selby Cartulary, n, 228).
* Ex inform., H. J. Ellis.
4 See for it The History of English Law (1895), n, 15-17. Maritagium in the sense
of a woman's marriage portion must be carefully distinguished from the same word
in the sense of the lord's right of marriage (on which see Ibid., i, 299 et seq.), as found
in our record at the end of the Norfolk entries, viz. : " De Dominabus et puellis que
sunt de maritagio regis."
5 This name is added aliunde.
6 Pipe Roll, 15 Hen. II, p. 160, 16 Hen. II, p. 156. These dates are of importance
because both father and son are often found in attendance on the King.
" Eugenia," daughter of Ralf Picot " of Kent " (that is, of Milton 1 in
that county) and had dowered her with Cambridgeshire lands. In our
record she appears as in possession of that dower, 2 and as widow of another
of the King's officials, Thomas Fitz Bernard, lately dead, 3 by whom she
had had three sons, of whom the eldest was ten years old, and a daughter.
On the Pipe Roll of 1176 (22 Hen. II, p. 207) her father is found as
amerced 200, of which 100 is remitted to Thomas Fitz Bernard, her
husband, while the other 100 " requirende sunt a Gilleberto dapifero "
(i.e., her son by her former marriage), who pays off that amount by instal-
ments on the succeeding rolls. 4
It is clear that the King had provided well for her children by Thomas
Fitz Bernard. To their son and heir he had given the heiress of an Essex
manor, 5 whom our record shows us as a little lady of five in charge of her
mother-in-law. For their daughter Maud, he had found a husband in
the infant heir of John de Bidun, who had left her at the date of our roll
a widow at the age of ten, in the King's gift, with her dower at Stow Bedon
and Kirby Bedon (named from her husband's family) in Norfolk. Of
this land as well her mother had charge: this explains her tenure of a
portion of the Bidun lands as recorded on the Pipe Roll of the previous
year.* Maud herself, as Maud " de Rochford," died in 1255, no less than
seventy years after the date of our record. 7
The age of the widows " in the King's gift " is usually, though not
always, stated. It would affect their marriageable value, not merely for
obvious reasons, but also because the younger women had a longer
" expectation " of the enjoyment of their dower. An extreme case of
such enjoyment is that of the child-widow of young John de Bidun, who,
as is shown above, was in possession of her dower for fully seventy years.
But other ladies named in our record lived to an age which suggests that
for women in favourable circumstances the expectation of life was as
long then as now. Some of them are stated to be octogenarians, and there
are cases of long survival which are rather surprising when examined.
Among the names which take us back to the days of Henry I are those of
Mabel de Heliun, whose husband was the holder of the Helion fief in that
reign. She herself was the grand-daughter of a Domesday baron, as
1 Pipe Roll, 19 Hen. II, p. 83. He had been Sheriff of Kent from Christmas,
1154 to Christmas, 1160.
2 Two years later (1187) sne paid scutage (as " Eugenia Picot " ) on half a knight's
fee in Kent (Red Book, p. 58).
3 He was dead by Michaelmas, 1 1 84, when Ralf Morin accounted for him as
Sheriff of Northants (Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, p. 101), and "Eugenia" appears as his
widow (Ibid., p. 108) ; but his death seems to have been very recent. " Benedictus,"
(i. 323), assigning it to 1184, speaks of him as " magister forestarius et justitiarius
per totam Angliam." His forest pleas appear on the Pipe Rolls.
4 He completed payment in 1179 and disappears from the rolls after 1181. Mr.
Ey ton's date-limit for him ends in 1177.
5 It will be shown below that this manor was (North) Fambridge.
6 Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, p. 108.
7 Cal. of Inq., I, No. 323.
was her cousin Maud " de Sainliz," and so was Beatrice de Say. Alice
of Essex and Agnes de Montchensy were daughters of men who were
very prominent on the Pipe Roll of 1130 and who died respectively in
1141 and 1136; the sister of Agnes was married as early as 1137-8.
Beatrice de Say, sister of the notorious Geoffrey de Mandeville, who died
1144, and aunt of his son, the second earl, who died in 1166, is said to have
lived on till 1207, and her sister-in-law, the Countess Rohese, did not die
till the same year. Agnes de Valognes, whose age is variously given,
was widow of that Roger to whom the Empress Maud had granted a
charter as early as 1141 and mother of Peter who held the fief in H59 1
and of Robert who held it in 1166.
Analysis of the widows' ages, as returned in our record, shows the
figures to be vague. Apart from those spoken of as 40 (2), 50 (2), 60 (2)
" and more," there are, roughly speaking, about fifty cases in which the
exact figures given are multiples of ten as against fourteen or fifteen in
which other numbers are returned, viz.: 18, 24 (4), 25, 27, 29, 34, 35, 36,
45 (2), 46. It will be observed that no attempt is made at an exact
estimate after forty-six. Another proof that the figures are mostly
approximate estimates is that they are sometimes self-contradictory.
Emma de Langetot is twice returned as sixty, but the Countess Margaret
is twice returned as forty and once as thirty, and Alice de Beaufo once as
thirty and twice as twenty. Maud " de Sainliz," aged sixty, is entered
under her alias as fifty, and Alice of Essex is returned both as sixty and
as eighty. As for Agnes de Valognes, she rises from fifty to sixty and then
to sixty " and more." In dealing with the genealogy of the twelth
century it is essential to remember two facts : the one is that a dowered
widow was almost certain to marry again ; the other is that there was, at
that time, no fixed rule as to a woman's surname; she might be known
by that of her father or even of her mother, by that of her existing hus-
band or of a previous mate, and, lastly, even by the name of a manor
that she happened to hold. Of all these points our record affords illus-
tration. Mary, wife of Guy le Strange, though returned as only forty, is
stated to have had three husbands, and to hold lands in dower in sundry
counties. For if a dowered widow was rarely allowed to remain un-
married, she had, in return, the chance of accumulating fresh dower in
the course of her career. Several of the widows in these pages are found
to have married more than once and, indeed, the extent to which their
re-marriage was carried is only gradually coming to light, with the closer
study of the charters of the time. As to names, the opening entries
serve to illustrate the practice, and show that a woman might be known
by more than one of the surnames so erratically assumed. But attention
may be specially drawn to the case of Margaret, Countess of Britanny
(or of Richmond), who continued to be known by that style after she had
1 Pipe Roll, 5 Hen. II, pp. 4, 12.
married Humphrey de Bohun. This, which is the modern social practice,
was even then the usual custom.
In several cases we learn the number of children living. In an age
when judging from later times infant mortality was probably high,
it is noteworthy that Beatrice Gubion had thirteen children, Maud of
Cranwell and Maud Peche eleven each, Sibil de Harleton ten, Lorette
Picot, Ha wise de Windsor and the widow of Angot of Wy combe eight
apiece. It is curious that the above Sibil, who was returned as " seventy
and more," was stated to have nine " infantes " in addition to her son
and heir. " Amfrida de Winemersse," who is stated to be sixty, has,
similarly, seven " infantes," and Margaret de Muntfichet, who is " sixty
and more," has three " infantes " besides her son. 1
The three entries relating to the heiress of the Bolebecs and their lands
raise a question of great difficulty, which cannot possibly be disposed of
within the compass of a note. We have to go back twenty years, to the
death of Hugh de Bolebec, to find sure standing ground. This Hugh was
heir of another, who appears in Domesday Book, not only as a tenant in
chief, but as a great under-tenant of Walter Giffard. The later Hugh
was holding at his death (i) a barony which owed the service of ten
knight's fees, (2) twenty knight's fees on the Giffard fief. 2 The carta
of Walter Bolebec (his younger brother), in n66, 3 alleges that the King
restored to him (ei reddidit) the barony on the death of his brother Hugh,
which conveys the misleading impression that he was Hugh's heir. We
learn the truth, however, from the Pipe Roll of 1165 (n Hen. II, p. 32),
where we find him accounting for a hundred marcs for the wardship of his
nephew (nepotis sui) with his land and for ten marcs (for scutage) from
Hugh's fief (p. 23). The sheriff also accounts for twenty marcs from
(the issues of) Hugh's land since his death (p. 23). In 1167 Walter
finished paying off his debt to the Crown (Pipe Roll, 13 Hen. II, p. 105.)
In 1 1 68, Reginald de Curtenai, founder of the English house and now
leaping into favour, has obtained the wardship. An entry on the Pipe
Roll (14 Hen. II, p. n) shows him charged with ten marcs " de militibus
Waited de Bolebec qui est in custodia ejus, de illis videlicet militibus quos
tenet in capite de Rege " (cf. Pipe Roll 15 Hen. II, p. 89), while the roll of
1169 (15 Hen. II, p. 149) shows the twenty Bolebec fees on the Giffard
fief also in his ward. 4 Now this minor, clearly, cannot be the Walter who
sent in the carta of 1166 and who had himself obtained the wardship in
1165. We thus secure our first point, namely that there were two
Walters, who were uncle and nephew.
Thenceforth the Pipe Rolls fail us, but I am satisfied that the Walter
1 In these cases " infantes," doubtless, is nearer to the French " enfants " than to
the English " infants."
2 Red Book, p. 312.
3 Ibid., p. 316.
4 He secured remission of both payments.
of whom our record speaks, and whose daughter was nine (or ten) in 1185,
was the nephew (Hugh's son). Her land, we read, had been (like her
father's) in the custody of Reginald de Curtenai, since 1175 or thereabout,
but she herself was in that of Aubrey, Earl of Oxford. In 1190 (she was
then about fifteen) he gave no less than 500 marcs for licence to marry her
to his son, who must have secured the fief, for he paid the scutage due on
it (Pipe Roll, 2 Ric. I). Her name and the fact of the marriage (although
ignored in works on the peerage) are proved (Mr. H. J. Ellis informs me)
by two charters Harl. Chart., 57 C. 3 and Add. Chart. 6026 granted by
" Albericus de Ver films Alberici comitis et femina sua Isabel filia Walteri
de Bolebech," of which the latter was granted to Woburn Abbey and was,
I have found, the actual charter produced by the Abbot of Woburn in
1231 (Br acton's Notebook, Case 633). This Isabel, it appears, died child-
less, so that her husband, then Earl, could not even claim tenure " by the
curtesy." The Bolebec fief passed away to his wife's heirs.
This crisis in the Veres' fortunes must be dated in or just before 1207.
It is evident that the heirs of the Countess were her father's sisters, Isabel
and a younger sister. Isabel, who was probably a maiden aunt, well over
forty, 1 was at once sought in marriage as " daughter of Hugh and sister
and heir of Walter de Bolebec," by Robert de Ver, younger brother to the
Earl (Pipe Roll, 9 John). She retorted, clearly, by offering 200 and
three palfreys that she might not be " distrained " to marry by the King
or any other lord (ibid.). 2 Robert, however, married her and was holding,
in 1211, her moiety of the Bolebec barony. 3 He succeeded to the earldom
and was father by her of the next earl, Hugh. There were thus two
successive earls, each of whom married an heiress, named Isabel de
Bolebec. This singular fact has been hitherto unsuspected. From the
Bolebecs the Veres claimed to inherit a titular barony of Bolebec, to
which they added the " fancy " title of " Viscount Bolebec."
It should be added that the second Isabel, in 1207, sought permission
inter alia to levy " rationabili auxilio de omnibus militibus et libere tenen-
tibus suis ad finem istum acquietandum," which permission she received
early in that year. 4 This throws a valuable light on the " aids " men-
tioned in our record as given to holders of lands and on those referred
to as similarly given in the returns to the Inquest of Sheriffs (1170),
where we even find them levied from tenants to relieve lords from their
indebtedness to Jews. 5
The Bolebec pedigree, hitherto obscure, can now be stated in chart
form as follows :
1 For her father Hugh was dead, we saw, in 1 166.
2 See Madox' Exchequer (1711), p. 428 (her sister is there mentioned).
3 " cum una filiarum (sic) Walteri de Bolebec" (Red Book, p. 138). It looks as
if 'filiarum' were a mistake for 'sororum.' Her sister is proved by Plac. Abb.
(pp. 69, 87) to have been Constance, wife of Elias de Beauchamp (see p. xlviii below).
4 Rot. Litt. Glaus, i, yyb.
5 Red Book, pp. cclxvii-cclxx, cclxxiv, etc. See pp. xxv, xxx above.
Walter de Bolebec, gave WaltonW Heilewis
to Ramsey Abbey, temp. Hen. I.
Hugh de Bolebec, con-=
firmed his father's gift of
Walton. Died 1164-5.
Walter de Bolebec, occurs
as guardian of his nephew
Walter de Bole-=
= Isabel de Bole-=
bee, a minor
bee, co-heir to
Isabel de Bolebec, born= Aubrey, second
circa 1175, heiress. Earl of Oxford
Dead s.p. 1207.
Bolebec m. Elias
co-heir to her
Earl of Oxford
Although there are no fewer than six entries on our rolls in which
members of the family of Bidun are named, there is curiously little known
about it. Dugdale knew John de Bidun as the founder of Lavendon
Abbey (Bucks) and identified him with the John who made his return of
knights in n66, 2 but had little to say of the family; the Pipe Rolls are
almost silent about them. They are usually associated with Bucks, but
had some connexion with Norfolk, where their name, indeed, still lingers
in Stow " Bedon " and Kirby " Bedon." Some further investigation
appears to be here needful.
The most important record for the pedigree is that of a plea of darrein
presentment, relating to the churches of Wootton (Northants) and Earl-
shilton (Leic.), in I23i. 3 From this we learn that " quidam Halnacus "
was father of the John de Bidun who founded Lavendon and whose
daughters, mentioned in the plea, are also mentioned in our own record.
Now this " quidam Halnacus " is the " Haneladus de Bid[on] " of another
of its entries, and about him there is something to be learnt. In 1166, he
held of Roger Bigod seven knight's fees and of the Honour of Wallingford
one. 4 But he had clearly other holdings in Norfolk; for the fragments of
returns to the Inquest of Sheriffs (1170) show him as a tenant of the Earl
of Arundel in that county, between 1166 and H7O, 5 and he is, doubtless,
the " Hadenaldus de Holcham " of one of them: our record, we shall see,
shows his widow holding in " Holkham . . . de feodo Comitis Sussex."
1 Held in capite by (his father ?) Hugh de Bolebec in 1086.
2 Baronage, I, 599.
3 See B y acton' s Notebook, Case 648.
4 Red Book, pp. 310, 395.
5 Ibid., pp. cclxx, cclxxii. Cf. the Commune of London, pp. 125 et seq.
That he is not named among the tenants of the fief in 1166 is due to
the imperfect record of the great composite " tenementum Willelmi de
Albeneia Pincernse." 1 Of its sixty-six Norfolk fees only twenty-two have
their tenants' names recorded. His own were probably among the ten
which are entered twice over as granted in maritagio to William by Roger
Bigod with his daughter. 2
To account for his holding of Norfolk fees we must turn to Oseney
Abbey (Oxon). Its cartulary (Cott. MS. Vitell. E xv) proves definitely
(fo. 162) that he married Agnes, daughter of Payn Fitz John, who survived
him, and that his gift to Oseney of " Hoccam " Church, Norfolk, was
confirmed by her and by her eldest son, Ralf " de Muntchanesi," who
appears as such in our record. It is also confirmed by Hugh Bigot,
Earl of Norfolk. 3 This most interesting discovery makes it clear that
Hadenald was holding in Norfolk jure uxoris those knight's fees which
passed at her death to the Montchensys as the heirs of her previous
marriage. They must, therefore, have come to her from her father,
Payn Fitz John, to whom, indeed, Roger Bigod is known to have given
lands. 4 ' Halnad[us] ' also gave to Oseney the Church of Watlington,
Oxon, after his marriage to Agnes and before 1162 (fo. 22). 5 This was
that " Walintone " which he held of the Honour of Wallingford. 6
It was not Agnes, however, but a previous wife, Sara, who was the
mother of his son and heir, the John de Bidun of our roll. This we learn
from another suit, relating to the Church of Thompson, 7 in which John's
daughter-in-law, Maud " de Rochefordia," speaks of " Sarra " de Bidun
as his mother. For John himself, his wife and his children, of whom the
son was called John de Bidun junior, 8 our record contains full evidence,
though the Christian names of his daughters have to be sought elsewhere. 9
The Pipe Roll of the previous year 10 enters a charge for their keep and
clothing out of the issues of his land, although our record shows them all
married but one.
The pedigree presents two difficulties. Of these the first is caused by
the entry on our roll that Maud Vis-de-lu ("luco "), who was daughter of
John de Bidun, was a widow holding in dower, with a son, apparently
in ward to the King, though twenty-two years old. As the entry imme-
diately preceding this relates to John de Bidun's widow, it would be
natural to assume that Maud was daughter of this John. But it shows us,
1 Red Book, pp. 397-399-
8 Ibid., pp. 395, 398. There is, however, reason to believe that he held others,
for in later days the whole amount can be, I think, traced as eleven and half fees.
3 Fo. 162 b. The text is damaged by the fire.
* Lansd. MS. 229, fo. 47 (ex inform. H. J. Ellis).
5 The original grant is now Add. Ch. 20381 (ex inform. H. J. Ellis).
6 Red Book, p. 310 (wrongly identified as Walington on p. 1341).
7 Br acton's Notebook, Case 1072.
8 See p. xxxvii for his marriage.
9 Cal. of Inq., I, No. 323, combined with Bracton's Notebook, Case 648.
Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, p. 108.
in a later entry, John's daughter Maud as the wife of Geoffrey Fitz Geof-
frey. Moreover, she was clearly much too young to have a son of twenty-
two. Yet an entry, under Norfolk and Suffolk, on the Pipe Roll of this
year (31 Hen. II) shows us Walkelin Visdelu paying for succession to
his father's land (p. 40). This might, from his age, be the unnamed son
of the entry. An earlier Walkelin Visdelu held one fee of the Honour of
Wallingford in H66. 1 It is safer, on the whole, to leave the Maud of this
entry outside the pedigree.
The other difficulty arises from the fact that John de Bidun who made
his return under Northants in n66 2 cannot well be identical with the
John who was Hadenald's son and successor, for Hadenald was himself
living in 1166. There appears, however, to have been a John who was
brother of Hadenald 3 and this may have been the John of 1166, and the
John who occurs on the Pipe Roll of 1156 (2 Hen. II). Hadenald may have
owed his position in Norfolk to his wife, as daughter of Payn Fitz John,
for his grant of Hockham Church to Oseney Priory was confirmed by his
wife (as Agnes, daughter of Payn Fitz John) after his death, by her son and
heir Ralf, and by Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk. 4 The importance of
this is that Payn Fitz John had enumerated ' Hocham ' among the manors
which Roger Bigod had given to his father John. 6
The pedigree, as now ascertained, would seem to stand thus :
*Sara== Hadenald de Bidun temp. Stephen=Agnes dau. and coh. of Payn Fitz
I and Hen. II, dead 1186 John, widow of a Montchensey
Alice Mauduit=John de Bidun,
1 Founder of
m. . . . de
Bidun Sara de Bidun m. William
Limesi /%*?/ (Vitell, E xv., fos. 22-23)
Sara de Bidun
heir to her
Maud de Bidun
Fitz Geoffrey, 7
co-heir to her
to her brother,
unm. in 1185,
The connexion between the Bidun family and the more important house
of Montchensy (" Montchanesi," " Munchensi," " Monte Canisii," etc.)
is that Agnes, daughter and co-heir of Payn Fitz John, with whose
Red Book, p. 309.
Red Book, p. 332.
Add. MS. 28024, fo. 21 b. (ex inform. H. J. Ellis). '
Cott. MS., Vitell. E xv., fo. 162.
Lansd. MS. 229, fo. i4/d.
The names in italic type are additions to those in our record.
The reader should be cautioned against the identification by Mr. G. Herbert
Fowler (Genealogist, N.S. Vol. xxix, Oct. 1912) of this Geoffrey with a Geoffrey
son of William de Mandeville.
Montchensy descendants I am about to deal, married, we have seen, for
her second husband, Hadenald de Bidun.
For the pedigree of this house the entries on our record are of the utmost
value, but only when they are explained. For the narrative in Dugdale's
Baronage, which, apparently, holds the field, 1 is, although he knew this
evidence, vague and wildly erroneous. He imagined that there was but
one line, although there were two distinct ones, of which the elder was
seated at Edwardstone from the Conquest, while the younger line owed
its position to its descent from the above Agnes. Of the members of the
house named in our record, half belonged to one of these lines and half
to the other.
Their common ancestor, Hubert "de Montecanesio," held but one
Suffolk manor, as a tenant-in-chief, in 1086 (Domesday, n, 436). Edward-
stone, however, with Staverton, Bromeswell and other manors he held
as an under-tenant of Robert Malet (n, 304), i.e., of the Honour of Eye. 2
In a return for that Honour assigned to n66 3 the list of its knights is
headed by Hubert de Montchensy with twelve fees. It is certain, however,
that the date assigned is erroneous and misleading, for the list includes
Earl Roger who did not become Earl of Norfolk till 1177, and Robert
Fitz Roger, who flourished under Richard I and John. Its Hubert, there-
fore, must be the one who appears from our record to have come of age
about 1185, which, in turn, further proves the alleged date of the Red
Book list to be wrong. This Hubert (of Edwardstone) is proved to be
son of a Stephen by Bracton's Notebook, Case 1443* and Stephen, clearly,
was son of the Hubert who appears on the Pipe Roll of H30 5 and also in
our own record as grandfather of Hubert Blund.
Now the error of Glover, as cited by Dugdale, consisted in placing a
Warin, instead of Stephen, between these two Huberts, and Dugdale
based upon it his " guess " that this Warine's widow was the Agnes de
Montchensy of our roll. Thus the two lines were jumbled up together.
The point on which one has to insist is that Agnes and her husband
founded a new and cadet line, of which Denise de Montchensy, the even-
tual heir, married Hugh de Vere in 1290* while the heads of the house
continued to flourish, in the male line, at Edwardstone. 7 Although
there seems to be no proof of the Christian name of Agnes' first husband,
it was quite possibly Warin, for William, Earl of " Chi Chester " (i.e.,
Arundel)'s foundation charter of Buckenham Priory (on his Norfolk
1 Cf. Rye's Norfolk Families (1913), p. 560.
2 Cf. the Inq. p.m. on his descendant, William de Montchensy in 1286, where they
are reckoned as twelve knight's fees, of which Edwardstone was the head (Col. of
Inq. u, p. 373). So also, for a later William, Cal. of Inq. vi, No. 234.
3 Red Book, p. 411.
4 It concerns Staverton (see above).
5 Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I, p. 91.
8 Cal. of Pat. Rolls, 1281-1292, p. 376.
7 Dugdale increased the wild confusion by following Glover (Baronage, i, 562)
in making William de Montchensy of Edwardstone, who died in 1286, a younger
brother of Warin de Montchensy, Denise's grandfather, who died a great noble, in 1255.
fief), in H5I-2, 1 has for its second witness, Hubert " de Monte Canesi "
(of Edwardstone) and for its thirteenth, Warm " de Monte Canesi/'
This may be connected with the interesting fact 2 that the younger line
were tenants on the Norfolk fief of the Aubignys, Earls of Arundel,
although they are not named in the Carta of n66. 3
The pedigree, as I have worked it out, is here expressed in chart form,
the names in italic type being taken from sources other than our record.
(Warine ?) de Montchensy== Agnes, dau. and coh. of Payn Fitz John
(i) Ralf de Montchensy,
1166 and 1170, living
1185, ob. s.p.
 William de Mont-=
chensy. A knight in
1185. Heir to his bro-
ther. Died circa 1204
William de Montchensy,
in ward to the Earl of
Arundel, ob. s.p.
Hubert de Montchensy (of Edwardstone) 1130, 1151-2==
Warine de Montchensy--
succeeded his brother in
Stephen de Montchensy (of=
Edwardstone), tew/>. Hen. II
Hubert de Montchensy (of=
Edwardstone), b. circa 1164 |
Hubert Blund of
Ixworth, b. 1165
Rochford in Essex, which gave name to a Hundred and to a family,
was part of the great forfeited fief of Henry of Essex. In 1177 Guy ' de
Rocheford ' had been fined twenty marcs for a forest offence under
Essex. 4 In 1183 his son Guy accounts for forty marcs as a ' fine ' on
succeeding to his father's land, 5 and the sheriff accounts, under " the
land of Henry of Essex," for 16 from the chattels of Guy de Rochford
1 Facsimiles of Charters in the British Museum, Vol. I, No. 27.
2 Proved by Red Book, p. clxxii, Nos. 20, 21, 22, 24.
3 Ibid., p. 398.
4 Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 151
5 Pipe Roll, 29 Hen. II, p. 24.
(evidently the father), except from Berden, which was mortgaged to
Ralf Bucell. 1 On the Pipe Roll of this year (1185) there are important
entries on the lands of the younger Guy, 2 which imply that he, in turn,
had died and thus help to explain the text of our record. 3
The two entries in which there is mention of Theobald " Hautein "
have led me to make the interesting suggestion that as they relate to
Hellesdon and Oxnead, which were held in 1086 by Godwin " Haldein,"
as an English thegn 4 Theobald, in spite of what might seem a distinc-
tively foreign name, was really a descendant of Godwine. This has
been quite unsuspected. 5
It is true that both manors, in 1185, were held of Humfrey de Bohun,
but this I would explain by the interesting, though little-known process
by which the holdings of English thegns were subordinated to the fief
of a Norman baron. Norfolk itself supplies excellent examples in the
grant by Henry I to William " de Albini " of the " service " of Ralf Fitz
Godric " of twelve knights " and that of Alfred de " Atleburc " " of two
knights," to form part of his fief; 6 for Alfred had held Attleborough, as a
thegn, in io86 7 and Ralf was the son of Godric dapifer, 9 an Englishman
in Norman employ. The fief, therefore, of Humfrey de Bohun, who held
but a single Norfolk manor in 1086, might well be built up in like fashion.
The Bohun Carta of 1166 contains no Hautein, but its opening entry of
Walter " de Hayntone " holding two fees 9 is, I would suggest, an error
for Walter Hautein, 10 who appears in the Clare Carta. 11 For Walter
" Haltein " is found, under Norfolk and Suffolk, on the Pipe Roll of 1161
(7 Hen. II, pp. 4, 6). He would be Theobald's predecessor.
The names of persons and of places in our record are at times strangely
corrupt. Peter Painel appears as Peter " Pounel," Ralf de Cahagnes as
Ralf de " Cathenis," Roger " de Sancto Dionisio " as Roger " de Dinosio,"
and Geoffrey de Waterville as Walter " de Gaufrevilla." With the place-
names the case is worse. Almost all of them are here identified, but, at
times, only with difficulty. For instance, under the Essex Hundred of
Clavering we read that the son of Thomas Fitz Bernard has been given the
1 Ibid., p. 17. For Berden see p. 74 of the text, Ralf Bucel was a wealthy citizen
of London, for whom see Pipe Roll, 29 Hen. II, p. 166; 30 Hen. II, p. 154; 31 Hen.
II, pp. 222, 236.
2 Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. II, pp. 43, 44.
3 See pp. 73, 75. A careful comparison of the two records will again show that
the Pipe Roll is clearly later than the Rotuli.
4 Domesday, n, 271. The Pipe Roll of 1174 (20 Hen. II, p. 97) shows us a
"Ricardus films Haldein" under Lincolnshire, which proves that the name lingered
6 It is so in Rye's Norfolk Families, pp. 321-322, where the early pedigree is very
confused, the Agnes of our record being made (rightly) wife of Theobald on p. 321
and (wrongly) of Walter on p. 322, etc., etc.
Red Book, p. 398.
7 Domesday n, 270 b.
8 Ibid., n, 202-205 b, 355-356.
9 Red Book, p. 242.
10 Ibid., 404, 406.
11 The name is " Haltein " in the original return.
daughter of Walter de Caune with " Wanbrige," valued at 20 a year.
There is no such name in Clavering Hundred, or, indeed, elsewhere in
Essex, but at the other end of the county there is (North) Fambridge, of
which the early manorial descent has remained unknown. 1 A fine of
I224 2 (to which Richard de " Caune " 3 is party) supplied the missing clue
when taken in conjunction with later Inquisitions relating to the Fitz
John family, and the manor is clearly proved to be North Fambridge.
In the very next entry, " Hecham et Leic'," are Higham (Bensted) and
Ley ton in yet another part of the county. A little further on " Dunte-
shale," which Dugdale took to be " Dunt staple/.' is Blunts Hall in Wit-
ham. " Wimedune " is Wimmington, " Farlingham," is Framlingham,
and "Hornedes" is Oxnead; Occolt appears as " Akholt," Honington
as " Huddintune," and Roxton as " Cokesdune." Research proves
" Tumestede " to be, not Tunstead, but Thompson; but something more
than mere research was needed to detect, at last, in the " Sucheleseia "
of Gilbert Hansard, South Kelsey, Lines.
The annotation of this record, taken as a whole, has proved, perhaps,
more difficult than any similar task ever undertaken by the writer.
This is partly due to the obscurity of many of the individuals named, but
also, and in a larger degree, to its exceptionally early date. Although
this early date adds so much to its value, it involves, of course, the draw-
back that there are practically no contemporary records available for its
illustration except the Pipe Rolls themselves. The references, in the
notes, to volumes published by the Pipe Roll Society will show how indis-
pensable they have proved and should illustrate anew the value of the
work it has accomplished. If the rolls for the remaining years of the
century had been available in print, they would have greatly assisted the
annotation of our record. Of earlier records the returns (cartce) of 1166
have proved the most useful, and of later ones the returns of tenures
temp. John preserved, to some extent, in the Red Book and the Testa
de Nevill. The page references to the latter volume are, it may be well
to explain, to the existing edition; for its unsatisfactory nature renders
more than probable the preparation of a new one.
The notes, which have had to be written at a distance from the great
reference libraries, do not profess to be exhaustive ; but it is hoped that,
when read in conjunction with the Introduction, they may prove helpful. 4
Indeed, Grimaldi's edition of the record, though fairly accurate as to the
text, is so destitute of assistance to the reader that he could very im-
perfectly realize the value of its information.
1 Morant's History of Essex.
2 Essex Fines, i, 66.
3 Printed as " Canne."
4 Mr. C. T. Martin has kindly read them in proof, and the writer has received
assistance for them from Mr. H. J. Ellis, late of the Department of MSS., British
Museum, which is duly acknowledged in each instance. Mr. Ellis has also been
good enough to read the proofs of this Introduction.
p. xl, note 3. Elias de Beauchamp had married Constance de
Bolebec before 4 June 1197 (Pipe Roll Soc. Vol. xx, p. 125). In 1211
(13 John) he was holding five knight's fees ('.v. milites'), which were
clearly a moiety of the Bolebec barony, held in right of his wife, just
as Robert de Vere was holding the other moiety (Red Book, p. 138).
Indeed, in 1212, his '.v. milites' are described (ibid., p. 536) as "de
baronia Waited de Bolebec."
pp. xli-iii. There is risk of confusion between Holkham and
Hockham, Norfolk, both of which, oddly enough, were held, as under-
tenants, by the younger line of the Montchensys. It was the church
of Hockham (" Hoccam," "Hocham") that Payn Fitz John had given
to Thetford (Lansd. MS. 229, fo. I47d) and that Hadenald de Bidun
subsequently gave to Oseney " voluntate et precibus Agnetis filie
Pagani filii Johannis," his wife (Vitell. E xv, fo. 162). Although this
latter gift was twice confirmed by Agnes " de Muntchenesi " in her own
right and by her lord the earl of Norfolk, as well as by her son Ralf
and her daughter " Aaliz " (ibid.), the conflicting gifts led to a dispute
between the two houses, which was settled at last in 1189 by a
compromise in favour of Thetford (idid., fo. 163).
Another difficulty arises over the identity of Sara, wife of William
Paynel. William confirmed to Oseney the gift of Watlington church,
" volente et concedente Sara uxore mea," which implies that it was of
her inheritance. He also uses the phrase " quae omnia Hamad'
antecessor meus eis dedit." This suggests that she was a daughter of
" Halnad " by his wife Sara. On the other hand, the text of our record
states that Agnes " de Muntchenesy," his other wife, had a (nameless)
daughter who married William Paynel. The difficulty is increased by
the fact that Watlington seems to have been held by "Halnad" in his
own right, not in that of his wife Agnes.
ROTULI DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS
DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS ET PUELLIS DE
Uxor Euerardi de Ros, que fuit filia Willelmi Trussebut,
est de donatione Domini Regis, et .xxxiiij. annorum, et habet
.ij. filios, primogenitus est .xiij. annorum. Et terra ejus est in
custodia Ranulfi de Glamuill'. Et terra dicte domine in Strowe-
ston' quam habet in dote, valet annuatim .xv. /. cum in-
stauramento .ij. carrucarum et .c. ovium et .iij. porcorum et
.j. equi, nee potest plus valere. 1
Matillis de Seinliz, que fuit filia Roberti filii Ricardi et
mater Willelmi de Albeneio, est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .lx. annorum. Terra sua in Hungerton' et in
Wiuewelle, valet .x. 1. cum instauramento .ij. carrucarum et
.viij. xx . ovium et .ij. equorum et .v. porcorum, nee potest plus
Filie Mathei de Neuill' sunt de donatione Domini Regis, et
1 This was Roese, eldest co-heir, eventually, of her brother Robert Trusbut of
Warter, Yorks (Pipe Roll Soc., Vol. xiv, p. 12). Her mother will appear under
Northamptonshire as ' Albreia de Harwecurt.' Her father held ten knight's fees in
Yorkshire (Red Book, p. 435). For her husband's fief see ibid, pp. 432-3; Stroxton
must have formed part of it, as she held it in dower. She was ancestress of Ros of
2 This lady will recur in a Norfolk entry as Maud ' de Beaverio.' She here bears
the maiden name of her mother (Feudal England, pp. 475-6). Her father, Robert,
founder of the house of Fitz Walter, was a younger son of Richard (son of Count
Gilbert), founder of the house of Clare. She is holding in dower Wywell and Hunger-
ton, on the Leicestershire border, as widow of William ' de Albini,' of Belvoir, who
d. 1167 (Ibid).
in custodia Hugonis de Creissi elapso .j. anno a Nativitate
Domini; et prius his .viij. annis, fuerunt in custodia Roberti
de Stuteuill', cum terra earum quam habent in Denton', que
valet .viij. m. per annum: et tantum inde recepit annuatim
Robertus de Stuteuill' .viij. annis, et nihil amplius, et eandem
nrmam recepit Hugo de Creissi elapso .j. anno a Nativitate
Domini. Et si appositum esset instauramentum .j. carruce
et .c. ovium, dicta terra valeret annuatim .viij. /. Etas
dictarum puellarum ignoratur a juratoribus, quia sunt in trans-
marinis partibus. 1
Thomas de Arci, filius Thome de Arci, est in custodia Domini
Regis, et est .xviij. annorum. Thomas de Arci, pater ejus,
obiit die Sancti Swithuni .v. annis elapsis. Willelmus Basset saisivit
totam baroniam ejus in manum Domini Regis, et tradidit earn
Michaeli de Arci, cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .viij. bobus,
.lx. ovibus, .v. marcatis bladi. Michael de Arci tenuit dictam
terram Noctone et Dunstone per annum et dimidium; primo
anno recepit inde .xij. /. de assiso redditu, et de perquisi-
tionibus .xxviij. s. ; dimidio anno sequenti, recepit .c. s. et
.xij. s. et .iij. d. de assiso redditu, et de perquisitionibus
.xx. s. Postea recuperavit Alina, uxor Thome de Arci, cus-
todiam filii sui et terre cum dicto instauramento et blado,
et tenuit terram per annum, et in fine anni obiit. Et postea
fuit saisita dicta terra in manum Domini Regis, et justicie
Domini Regis tradiderunt earn custodiendam Michaeli de Arci
et Hereueo de Ossint', qui earn tenuerunt per annum et
dimidium; et primo anno post obitum dicte Aline receperunt
.xx. /. et .viij. d. de assiso redditu, cum instauramento
.viij. bourn et .ij. equorum, et de perquisitionibus .vj. /.
Sequenti anno receperunt .x. /. et .iiij. d. de assiso redditu,
et de perquisitionibus .iij. /. Dicta terra valet annuatim sine
instauramento et sine dominico .xvj. /. Et si dominicum esset
instauratum .iiij. carrucis et .cccc. ovibus et .xx. vaccis
et .ij. tauris et .xx. porcis, posset tota terra valere .xxvij. I.
Preterea Willelmus Basset cepit de dicta terra primo anno post
obitum Thome de franco plegio .j. m.; secundo anno .x. s.;
tertio anno .viij. s. De catallis Michaelis de Arci, cepit
1 For Mathew de Neville's holding in Denton, see Pipe Rolls, 20 Hen. II, p. 102,
21 Hen. II, p. 150. It was probably in the soke of Grantham (see Testa, p. 322 b).
This entry appears to date the death of Robert de Stuteville, a man of some con-
Willelmus Basset .xiij. boves et .ij. equos, .Ixxiij. oves et
.xv. porcos, et bladum waignagii unius carruce et .DCCC. tarvas
turbarum et .j. mullonem feni, que appreciata fuerunt .xv. I.
et .xiiij. s. Dicta terra fuit .iij. annis in manu Domini
Regis, et Willelmus Basset cepit inde singulis annis .iij. /. de
communi auxilio, scilicet, .ix. I. 1
Bilingeia est de archiepiscopatu Eboracensi, et est in manu
Domini Regis cum herede, scilicet, filio Petri de Bilingeia, qui
est .xv. annorum. Dicta villa reddebat tempore Petri .vj. /.
et .x. s. et .viij. d., et sine dominio; et si dominium esset
instauratum .ij. carrucis et .xx. vaccis et .ij. tauris et
.c. ovibus et .x. porcis et .j. verre, dicta terra valeret .xj. /.
et .xviij. d. Post obitum Petri, exaltavit Archiepiscopus dictam
villam ad .xvj. /.; et ideo, ut aiunt juratores, est villa destracta
et homines destracti. Dicta villa fuit in manu Domini Regis
.iij. annis et dimidio, et homines reddiderunt firmam Radulfo
de Huntendon' per preceptum custodum Archiepiscopatus, scilicet,
Laurentii Archidiaconi Bedeford et magistri Rogeri Arundel et
Willelmi le Vauassur, scilicet, primo anno .xv. /. et .xvj. s.
et de .j. libero homine quedam calcaria deargentata, et de quodam
alio .j. libram piperis, et de reragio archiepiscopi, .vj. 5. et
.viij. d. Secundo anno reddiderunt eidem .xvj. /. ; et similiter
calcaria et .j. libram piperis. Tertio anno .ix. /. et .iij. s.
et .iiij. d., et similiter calcaria et .j. libram piperis; dimidio
anno .xxvj. s. et .viij. d. et similia calcaria et .j. libram
piperis. Et Willelmus Basset vicecomes, habuit de dicta villa
dum fuit in manu Domini Regis, de auxilio vicecomitis
.Ixx. s. a
Uxor que fuit Petri de Bilingeia, est de donatione Domini
1 The Pipe Roll of five years earlier (1180) duly shows Michael ' de Areci' account-
ing for 4: 8s. 8d. from Thomas's land (p. 58), and that of 1181 shows him again
accounting (p. 52). That of 1182 shows Thomas's mother, Alice, charged with 200
for the custody of her sons and their land (p. 57). In 1183 the land is again in the
king's hands, and Michael de Areci and Hervey de Horsinton account for its issues
(pp. 67, 70). Another entry relating to this important fief will be found below. See,
for its return by Thomas in 1166, Red Book, pp. 386-7. Nocton and Dunston were
its demesne manors, the churches of which were bestowed by Thomas D'Arci, the
father, on the priory of Austin Canons founded by the family at Nocton.
William Basset had been sheriff of Lines, from Easter, 1177, to the Easter of this
a His predecessor Peter ' de Belingee ' [Billinghay] held a knight's fee of the
Archbishop in 1166 (Red Book, p. 414), and was amerced ten marcs in 1177 for
intercourse with the king's enemies (Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 110). The Pipe Roll
of 1189 (1 Ric. I, p. 69) proves that the son's name was Peter (' Billingeia Petri filii
Petri ') and that he was still in ward. A fine of 1200 styles the son ' tenant of the
whole vill of Billingeie ' (Line. Final Concords, p. 17).
Regis, et Willelmus Talun habet illam; sed nescitur a jura-
toribus si desponsaverit earn vel non. 1
Filius Alberti Gresle, quern habuit de filia Thome Basset,
est .xj. annorum, et in custodia Gilleberti Basset per preceptum
Domini Regis. Terra sua in Swineshaued die mortis Alberti
Gresle, valuit .c. et .ij. s. sine instauramento quod est in
manerio, scilicet, .xxij. boves et .ij. vacce et .j. taurus et
.iij. juvence et .ij. vituli et .lx. porci. Thomas Basset recepit
inde .ij firmas, scilicet .xlij. s. Gillebertus Basset post mortem
Thome recepit inde .iij. firmas, scilicet, .Ixxvij. s.; et .xxx. soli-
datas de fabis et frumento; et de placitis .xxix. s. Post
tradiderunt Gilebertus Basset et Radulfus Gibewin dictam terram
ad firmam Alano de Wichetoft et Johanni Clerico et Waltero
de Herlaue et Johanni filio Astun pro .xviij. I. preter maram
et pomerium, cum predicto instauramento, et cum omnibus
exitibus terre; et de his .xviij. /. recepit Gilebertus Basset
.iiij. /. et .x. s. Postea tradiderunt Gilebertus Basset et
Radulfus Gibewin Nigello filio Alexandri et Roberto de Burun
dictam villam per preceptum Domini Regis pro .xx. /. per
annum; et ipsi tenuerunt earn jam per .ij. annos et .iij. partes
anni per predictam firmam .xx. /., et non potest terra plus
Margareta Comitissa soror Regis Scottorum, est de donatione
Domini Regis, et est .xl. annorum, et habet terram in Chircheton'
Wapentak', que data fuit sibi in dote pro .xxj. /. Anno quo
1 This entry illustrates a main object of the present inquiry (see Introduction) . The
Pipe Roll of 1189 (1 Ric. I, p. 68) has the relative entry that ' Aelizia uxor Petri de
Billingeia reddit compotum de .xx. s. pro habenda terra sua donee inquiratur si mari-
tavit se sine consensu regis.'
2 This is the first of several entries relating to Albert Gresle 's fief of which, in
Lincolnshire, Swineshead was the caput. The Pipe Roll of 1182 implies that he had
died about a year before; Guy de Craon pays 200 marcs for his (dowered) widow
and some, at least, of his lands had been in the king's hands for a year (pp. 57, 61-62),
and were farmed by Nigel Fitz Alexander and Robert de Burun, as they continued
to be at ^115 a year. The pedigree was this :
Albert Gresle = a dau. Gilbert Basset
aged 11 in 1185
The entries relating to Albert's manor of Sixhills (' Sexeleia ') will be found a little
further on. For his whole fief in the Honour of Lancaster, as held by his son, Robert
(in four counties) in 1212, see the valuable summary in Farrer's Lancashire Inquests
(Lanes, and Cheshire Record Soc.), pp. 52-53.
fuit in manu Domini Regis' reddidit .xxiij. /. de quibus Rein'
senescallus Ranulfi de GlamunT, recepit ad opus Domini
Regis .c. et .xv. s. dum fuit in manu Domini Regis, scilicet,
de quarta parte .j. anni. Modo terra est in manu Comitisse,
que apposuit postea .iiij. carrucas, et possent apponi .cc. oves. 1
Uxor Roberti filii Hugonis de Tateshale, est de donatione
Domini Regis, et neptis Comitis Gileberti de Gant: et ignoratur
de terra ejus, quia nichil habet in wapentak' de Hornecastro,
cujus hoc est verumdictum. 2
Filius Gileberti Hansard est in custodia Domini Regis cum
terra sua de Sucheleseia cum omnibus pertinentiis, a .xv. die-
bus post festum Sancti Michaelis, quia Rogerus de Muntbegun
noluit recipere homagium Gileberti Hansard. Bladum quod ibi
invenit senescallus Rogeri de Muntdegun 3 valuit .xxiiij. /. et
.vj. s. in frumento et ordeo et fabis et avena et brasio.
Dictus Rogerus habuit saisinam dicti manerii usque ad .xv. dies
ante Natale, et recepit de firma .iij. m. et dim.; et dictus
Senescallus asportavit de minutis utensilibus ad valentiam
.iij. m. Exinde fuit in manu vicecomitis usque ad .iij. sep-
timanas ante Pentecosten, qui nihil inde recepit. Postea fuit
in manu Hugonis de Morewich et adhuc est; qui inde recepit
de firma .lj. 5. et .iij. d. Dicta terra valet sine instauramento
.viij. /. et .j. m. que reddenda est Canonicis de Turnet' pro
dimidia carrucata terre, quam Gilebertus Hansard tenuit de illis
in vita sua; et cum instauramento .iiij. carrucarum et
.cc. ovium et .v. vaccarum et .j. tauri valeret terra
.xvj. /. et .j. m. Heres est in custodia matris que est de
donatione Episcopi Dunelmensis: et hec terra est instauranda. 4
1 ' The Countess Margaret ' is styled ' the Countess of Richmond ' a little lower
down, and ' The Countess of Brittany ' in the Cambridgeshire portion of the Rotuli,
but ' The Countess Margaret ' again under Norfolk. She was sister of King William
and relict, first of Conan, Count of Brittany and Earl of Richmond, and secondly of
Humphrey de Bohun (who had died in 1181), so that she was now again a widow in
the king's gift. Her lands held in dower of the Honour of Richmond had been in
the king's hands in 1183, when Ranulf de Glanville had accounted under Yorkshire
for 25 19s. 7d. from their issues (Pipe Roll, 29 Hen. II, p. 58). For his steward,
Reiner, see the Introduction to the Pipe Roll of 31 Hen. II, p. xxxii.
2 Her husband (as Robert ' films Hugonis ') had returned his great fief (of which
Tattershall in Horncastle Wapentake was the caput), under Lincolnshire, in 1166, as
of 25 knight's fees (see Red Book, pp. 388-390), and the Norfolk portion of his ' Barony'
is dealt with in the returns to the Inquest of Sheriffs in 1170 (ibid, pp. cclxxv-
cclxxvii), but in neither case is he there identified with Robert ' de Tateshall ' (ibid,
pp. 1289, 1324). His wife's identity will be dealt with under subsequent entries.
3 Sic in MS.
4 The difficulty presented by this entry is caused by subinfeudation. Gilbert
Hansard, the father, occurs in 1166 as a Yorkshire tenant of the Bishop of Durham
Marginal note: Instaur'.
Films Petri Pounel, qui est .iiij. annorum, est in custodia
Domini Regis, cum terra sua in Westrase; et fuit a festo
Sancti Martini usque nunc; et in custodia vicecomitis per
preceptum Domini Regis, qui de firma anni preteriti cepit
inde per Willelmum filium Siward' .xix. /. et .iiij. s. et .viij. d.
et ob. et de firma hujus anni .xiij. /. et xvij. s. et .x. d.
Dicta terra valet annuatim .xxxviij. /. et .j. m. et .x. m.
domine de Merchez, cum instauramento quod ibi est, scilicet,
.vj. carrucis, .cccc. ovibus, .xxx. vaccis, .ij. tauris, .x. suibus,
.ij. verribus et .j. avero. Et si adderentur .x. vacce et .cc. oves
que desunt, dicta terra valeret per annum .xlij. /. : et hec
terra precipitur instaurari. 1
Marginal note: Instaur'.
Uxor que fuit Petri Pounel, est de donatione Domini Regis.
Comitissa de Richemunt, que est soror Regis Scotorum, habet
in nundinis de Sancto Botulfo, redditum .viij. m. vel ampliorem,
scilicet, quando nundine sunt bone; et .j. culturam habet in
campis que valet .x. s.; de firma ville Sancti Botulfi habet
annuatim .iiij. /., quas Ricardus Prepositus recepit per precep-
tum Reinerii. Comitissa fuit dissaisita [de] terra sua per pre-
(Red Book, p. 416), in whose gift his widow, therefore, is here said to be; but he does
not occur as a Lincolnshire tenant. At a later period, however, a John Hansard
is found holding a knight's fee in ' Suthelesey ' and ' Thorinton ' of Henry de Munden
who held of the Honour of Lancaster (Testa, p. 316). The Hansard holding is thus
identified as in South Kelsey and (the adjoining) Thornton-le-Moor, where (as
' Cheleseia et Torntuna '), as early as circ. 1115, a Roger de Montbegon was holding
of the Honour of Lancaster (The Lincolnshire Survey, Ed. Greenstreet, 11). The
half carucate (in South Kelsey) had been given to the (Austin) Canons of Thornton
(on Humber) Abbey by Adam de Montbegon (Mon. Ang. VI, 327), predecessor of
the Roger in this entry. Roger de Montbegon quitclaimed to Gilbert Hansard, the
son, his rights in the advowson of Thornton in 1208 (Line. Final Concords, I, 84).
1 The Paynel fee lay in West and Middle Rasen and was rightly claimed (Testa,
p. 316) to have been held by the family from the Conquest (see the note on Broughton
and the Paynels below). The Norman Exchequer Roll of 1180 shows Peter
' Paganellus ' accounting for a fine of ^500 (Angevin) on succession to his father's
land (Ed. Stapleton, I, 89). He was son of Hugh and brother of William Paynel
(ibid, p. cxxi) ; Hugh was son of William and brother of Fulk (Cal. of Docs, in France,
No. 918). In 1226 a later Hugh Paynel quitclaimed to Holy Trinity Priory, York,
a moiety of the advowson of West Rasen Church (Line. Final Concords, p. 216, cf.
p. 315). This fine was, apparently, a sequel to an important plea of darrein presentmen t
in 1220 between Hugh Paynel and the Priory for the advowson of West Rasen Church.
ceptum Regis, et interim cepit Reinerius de terra sua in villa
Sancti Botulfi .vj. 1. et .ij. s. 1
Uxor Simonis de Crieuequeor, que fuit filia Roberti filii
Ernisii de Gousel', est in donatione Domini Regis. Terra
sua in Huddintun' valet .c. s. et est de feodo Walteri de
Neuiir. Terra ilia non potest plus valere. Ipsa est .xxiiij. an-
norum, et habet .ij. filios et .ij. filias. Primogenitus est
.v. annorum et est in custodia matris per Dominum Regem. 2
Aliz Basset est in donatione Domini Regis et habet
.vj. bovatas terre in Bunetorp quas tenet in capite de Rege;
et valent per annum .viij. l. z
Hugh, there described as the grandson of another Hugh, must have been the son of
Peter Paynel, the subject of this entry. The elder Hugh is there also described as
brother of Fulk (Br acton's Notebook, Case 1415).
The entry on the Pipe Roll of this year (1185) that the sheriff accounts for no less
than 54: 12s. Od. from the issues of Peter Painel's Rasen ' hoc anno ' (p. 93) is a
suggestive comment on the above entry and affords further proof that the Pipe Roll
is later than the Rotulus. Four years later (Pipe Roll, 1 Ric. I, p. 73) the sheriff
accounts for 43 6s. 8d. ' de firma de Rasne que fuit Petri Painelli cujus heres est in
manu regis.' Of this sum 14 was allowed to William Paynel, to whom his brother
Peter had granted a third of the issues of the manor. Stapleton (I, cxxi) inaccurately
states that Peter transferred West Rasen by charter to his brother William. The
entry in the text proves that his son succeeded him .
1 For the Countess and for Reiner, see p. 5, note i. The profits of Boston Fair
(feria de Holland] were accounted for in 1183 by Ranulf de Glanville in conjunction
with her lands (Pipe Roll, 29 Hen. II, p. 58).
2 The history of the Crevequer fief in Lincolnshire has been dealt with in the
Introduction. This entry raises a difficulty because ' Simon de Crevecuer ' is entered
as living on the roll of 1185 (p. 84) as on that of 1184 (p. 78). The subject of this
entry, as of another later on, was, in any case, clearly the widow of that Simon de
Crevequer who was Alexander's younger brother, and father of that younger
Alexander who challenged Cecily's right to the fief and himself held of it lands in
Hackthorn and (Cold) Han worth (Testa, p. 344). For the subsequent entry deals
with her lands in these two manors. It is true that the ' Huddintun ' of the present
entry (i,e., ' Honington ') is not clearly accounted for; but, as her son Alexander's
son Simon made a grant of land in Honington to the Cistercian nuns of Stixwold
(Harl. Cart., 44 G. 45 ex inform. HJ. Ellis), the family must have held land there.
Robert Fitz Ernis of Goxhill (Gousel') must be carefully distinguished from the
Norman baron of that name, who lost his English lands under John (Red Book,
pp. 803, 806). It is through his manor that he must be identified. Two fees were
afterwards held of the bishops of Lincoln in Goxhill (and Wootton), as we learn from
Testa, pp. 304, 348, so that their holder ought to appear in the bishop's return of
1166. In that return (Red Book, p. 375) we find two fees held by a tenant who is
styled Robert ' filius Ernulfi ' in the Red Book, but Robert ' films Ernisii ' in the Black
Book. I believe this to be the Robert of our entry. Walter de Ver, the tenant in
1212 (Testa, p. 348; cf. Red Book, p. 515), who was succeeded by his son, Simon de
Ver, was son and heir of Guy de Ver, of Bottesford (Bracton's Notebook, III, 337),
held of the Crevequer fief (Testa, p. 344) by Walter.
3 Bonthorpe in Willoughby was held by the Kymes of the Bishops of Durham.
The holding in the text does not appear in the Testa. Mr Ellis considers Alice to be
the widow of Thomas Basset in the next note. But this is not proved. The valua-
tion of 8 implies a much larger holding than six bovates.
8 LINCOLN SCIRA.
Terra Albert! Gresle in Sexeleia cum pertinentiis valuit die
qua obiit .iiij. /. et .x. s. et hoc fuit instauramentum,
.iiij. carruce quelibet .viij. bourn, et .iij. boves, .iij. vacce, .ij. juvence
et .c. et .iiij. xx et .xv. oves et .xxviij. porci. Thomas Basset
et Gilebertus filius ejus habuerunt custodiam per preceptum
Domini Regis per .j. annum. Thomas recepit inde .ij. firmas,
scilicet, .xlj. s. et .vj. d. et .xl. summas .frumenti, et de
brasio .xxx. summas, de avena .x. summas, quas omnes expendit
apud Line' et in terra Alberti; et in adventu suo ad Sexeleiam ex-
pendit .x. summas de frumento et avenam que valuit .xlv. s. Gile-
bertus Basset recepit inde de firma .xlj. s. et .vj. d. et de
placitis .iij. w.; de blado .xij. m.\ de lana .v. m. et dim.;
de .iij. bobus et .ij. juvencis .x. s. Istud manerium cum
firma et instauramento et perquisitionibus fuit afnrmatum per
preceptum Domini Regis per Gilebertum Basset et Radulfum
Gibewin pro .xx. /. per annum; et traditum Alic' Pretori,
et Roberto de Heinton' et Willelmo filio Roberti et Willelmo
filio Turoldi, qui illud tenuerunt per .j. annum, et reddiderunt
quartam partem firme, scilicet .c. s. Gileberto Basset, et
.xv. /. ejusdem firme Nigello filio Alexandri et Roberto de
Burun. Et ex . . . Nigellus filius Alexandri 1
tenuerunt et tenent illud manerium per dictam firmam. Et
preter dictum instauramentum, possunt ibi esse .xlv. oves,
que si apponerentur, firma posset augeri de .xij. s. Et pre-
ceptum est staurari. 2
Marginal note: Instaur'.
Filius Hereberti filii Gileberti est in custodia Domini Regis,
et .x. annorum, et terra sua de Rigesbi est de feodo Archiepi-
scopatus Eboracensis, que fuit seisita in manum Domini Regis
per custodes archiepiscopatus ad festum Sancti Botulfi proximo
preteritum: et redditus dicte terre sunt .xxx. s
est ibi instauramentum, et si essent ibi .ij. carruce et .cc. oves
et .xv. vacce et .iiij. sues et .j. verris, terra valeret .x. /. et .vij. s?
1 Blank in MS.
* See p. 4 above. Sixhills was a demesne manor of the Gresles under the Honour
of Lancaster. The entry shows that Thomas Basset had been succeeded by Gilbert,
his son and heir (Ancient Deeds, A. 482 8) by Alice, daughter of Walter de Dunstanville
(ibid, 4847). Gilbert, who was founder of Bicester Priory, had a younger brother,
Alan, (cf. Pipe Roll Society, Vol. X, pp. 111-13), who had Winterborne from (his
grandfather) Walter de Dunstanville, and Compton (Wilts) from his father. I owe
the references to these deeds to Mr H. J. Ellis.
3 Herbert Fitz Gilbert was probably the son of that Gilbert Fitz Herbert who,
in 1166, held two knight's fees of the Archbishop of York (Red Book, p. 414). His son
was doubtless that Gilbert ' de Riggesby ' who held a knight's fee in Rigsby (Calce-
worth Wapentake) of the archbishop in 1212 (Testa, p. 334) and whose successor,
Thomas ' de Riggesby,' held there a generation later.
Uxor Robert! filii Hugonis est in donatione Domini Regis
et est .1. annorum. Dos sua valet .xx. /. cum .iiij. carrucis
et .cc. ovibus et .xv. vaccis ; et non sunt ibi nisi .iij. carruce
et .lx. oves et .vij. vacce. Ipsa fuit filia Willelmi filii Walteri
de Welle et habet .x. pueros. 1
In the margin: Hornecastr' wapentak'.
Films Willelmi filii Chetelli, ostriciarii Domini Regis, est de
custodia Domini Regis et in custodia matris sue per Dominum
Rannulfum de Glanuill', et est .xij. annorum. Willelmus Basset
vicecomes saisivit terrain suam, et nihil inde cepit, quia mater
heredis finivit statim cum Domino Rannulfo pro .x. m. de
custodia filii sui .... ut liceret ei nubere ad voluntatem
suam. Et Willelmus filius Chetelli nihil tenuit in capita de
Domino Rege, preter illud quod tenuit de Rege in soka de
Hornecastro, et per firmam quam reddebat Gerebod' de Escaliis,
qui tenuit socham de Hornecastro, et adhuc tenet per ann 2
[Rot. 1. d.]
Heres Willelmi de Vesci est .xiiij. annorum, et in custodia
Domini Regis. Quando Adamus de Carduill recepit custodiam
terre sue in Cattorp', invenit ibi .xxviij. boves, quorum unus
1 See p. 5 note 2. The genealogy is elucidated by this entry, which gives us,
in conjunction with the other, this pedigree:
. . de Gant= William
sister of Gilbert,
Earl of Lincoln.
of Wells and
daughter = Robert de Tattershall
Wells and Claxby, etc. were held by the Welles family from the Honour of Gant.
A charter of William Fitz Walter ' de Welle ' is among those printed by Major
Poynton in Genealogist [N.S.] xvi, 78-79, and he is a witness to a charter of Alice,
countess (of Northampton), daughter of Gilbert de Gant at about this time (ibid, xv,
161). This lady will be dealt with further below.
2 The Pipe Roll of 1184 duly shows ' Aelizia,' William's widow, accounting for
ten marcs for the custody of his land and sons (p. 20) . The ' ostriciarius ' was a
goshawk keeper. ' Gerebod de Escaliis ' was probably one of Henry's Flemish
captains of mercenaries. The Pipe Rolls show that he held Crown lands in Notts
from 1163 (9 Hen. II, p. 2), which were much increased in 1172 (18 Hen. II, pp. 11, 12)
by a charter of Henry II, in which he is styled ' Gerbod de Eschaud ' (Cal. Charter
Rolls, I, 258). In 1174, he received further lands in the soke of Horncastle (20 Hen.
II, pp. 96-97) worth the large sum of 80 a year (21 Hen. II, p. 144). He was one
of the debtors of William Cade in or about 1165-1166 (Eng. Hist. Rev., xxviii, 226).
mortuus fuit; et .v. averos, quorum unus mortuus fuit;
.vij. porcos unius anni, et .viij. minores; et .DC. oves, de quibus
.cc. et .lx. fuerunt vendite .xv. m. et .xj. s. et .viij. d. ;
de residuis, mortue fuerunt .cc. et .iiij. xx quarum pelles
vendite fuerunt .iiij. /. et .xij. s. Idem cepit de firma, per
Reginaldum de Friston' primo anno .xxxix. /. et .ix. 5. et
,x. d., et .j. capellum de pavone de redditu Willelmi de
Pinkennia. Postea recepit Hugo de Morewich' custodiam de
Cattorp', et invenit ibi .xxvij. boves et .iiij. averias et
.j. vitulum et .ij. sues et .vij. porcos juvenes et .1. oves et
.xxxiij. pelles et .xvij., que nullius sunt precii. Cattorp' cum
pertinentiis potest valere per annum .xxxvj. /. et .xvj. s. et
.v. d., si esset ibi rationabile instauramentum quod posset
sustineri; scilicet, .v. carruce, .D. oves, .ij. vacce, .iij. sues,
.j. verris. Assisus redditus in dicta villa sunt .xxj. /.; et
pratum de Widdenesse appreciatur annuatim cum dominico, et
cum predicto instauramento, et cum placitis et perquisitionibus,
.x. /. et .v. s.: preterea est ibidem quidam redditus de blado
qui valet .j. m.; et cum instauramento quod ibi est, valet
manerium .xxx. /. et .iiij. s. et .j. d. et ob. Dicta villa
fuit in manu Domini Regis elapsis .ij. annis ante Pascha
proximo preteritum, et dum fuit in manu Ade de Carduill',
vicecomes cepit inde de auxilio, .x. s. De matre dicti heredis,
nesciunt juratores an sit in donatione Domini Regis, quia
nullum habet tenementum, nisi dotem suam quam tenet de
hereditate filii sui, cui facit inde servitium. 1 2
In Risebi, que est de feodo archiepiscopatus Eboracensis, est
que[dam] vidua Galfridi de Turs et neptis Galfridi de NouiH',
que fuit uxor Hereberti filii Gileberti; et est de donatione
Domini Regis per archiepiscopatum, et est .xxx. annorum
et habet .vij. pueros, quorum primogenitus est decem annorum,
et in custodia custodum archiepiscopatus. Ipsa nullam habet
terram nisi dotem suam, que valet annuatim .Ixij. s. cum
instauramento unius carruce que ibi est; et si adderentur
1 Sic in MS,
2 [Rot. 1. dors.] Caythorpe (in Loveden Wapentake) was part of the well-
known fief of William de Vesci, then in the king's hands (Pipe Rolls, 29 Hen. II,
p. 140, 30 Hen. II, p. 154, 31 Hen. II, p. 8). Adam of Carlisle (' Carduill ') appears
also on the roll of 1184 as the son of Robert Fitz Truite. He had been sheriff of
Carlisle (see, for him, Prescott's Register of Wetherhal) . Hugh de Morwic had taken
over the custody at Easter 1184.
.lx. oves et dimidia carruca, terra valeret per annum .iiij. /.
et .vj. s. 1
Elisabeth que fuit uxor Robert! filii Hugonis, habet in
Meltesbi .c. s. redditus de maritagio suo de feodo Willelmi filii
Roeis de Bussei, que fuit filia Baldewini filii Gileberti et
uxor Willelmi de Bussei, est in donatione Domini Regis, et
est .1. annorum; et habet duas filias, quarum primogenitam
habet Johannes de Builli, et alteram Hugo Wak' per Dominum
Regem. Heritagium suum in Morton' valet .xv. /. per annum,
cum instauramento .iij. carrucarum et .cc. ovium. Terra quam
modo habet ibi, valet .iiij. /., et superplus habent .ij. filie
sue, et alii homines qui tenent per servitium suum. 3
i See entry on her son (by Herbert Fitz Gilbert) above. This entry proves that
she had another husband. Geoffrey de Turs had held three fees of William de
Roumare in 1166 (Red Book, p. 376). ' Risebi ' is Rigsby.
1 Maltby was part of the holding of the Wells family under the Gants (see p. 9
above). Mr H. J. Ellis has referred me to Ancient Deeds I, 163 (A. 1446), which
recites that the advowson of ' Mauteby ' (misread ' Manteby ') was given by William,
son of Walter, to Robert, son of Hugh de Tattershall, with Elizabeth his daughter
(cf. p. 9, note i, above).
* This entry throws light on problems of some difficulty, but it needs much
explanation. Baldwin Fitz Gilbert (de Clare) on whom see Geoffrey de Mandeville,
p. 148 and Feudal England, p. 474 had obtained the Lincolnshire fief of Bourne,
temp. Hen. I. He is stated to have left a daughter and heir, Emma, who brought his
fief to Hugh Wac and was mother of Baldwin Wac (Wake), named after his grand-
father. That Hugh Wac held the fief in 1166 is certain from Red Book, pp. 378-379.
In the above entry, however, Roeise is styled daughter of Baldwin Fitz Gilbert and
is stated to have inherited Morton, clearly the Morton near Bourne.
Probably it should be read in conjunction with certain entries on the Pipe Rolls,
hitherto unexplained, which require for their comprehension some knowledge of the
' Bussei ' (or ' Buissei ') family. The William de Bussei of the Rotulus was son of
another William by Hawise, a sister and co-heir of the well-known Walter Espec,
through whom the Bussei family inherited the Honour of Warden (Beds.). A suit
relating to Eyeworth Church (in that Honour) occurs in the Rot. Cur. Reg. and the
Placit. Abbreviatio in or about 1199, and is finally reported in Bracton's Notebook
(III, 107-108) under 1225. This clears up the pedigree and proves that the son and
heir of William and Roeise was Bartholomew de Bussei. Two entries on the roll
of 1177 (23 Hen. II) relate to a fine between Bartholomew de Bussei and Baldwin
Wake, for which the former was charged 100 and the latter no less than 850 marcs,
an enormous sum (pp. 104, 113). As they were both, we have seen, grandsons of
Baldwin Fitz Gilbert, the presumption is that by this ' fine ' they divided his lands.
The 100 charged to Bartholomew continues to be so charged till 1179, when it is
charged against Walter de Bussei ' pro fratre suo pro fine terre sue ' (p. 72), and in
1182 (28 Hen. II, p. 119) we find Hugh ' Wach ' and John de Builli accounting for
this 100 " de debito Walteri de Buissei pro fine terre." From these entries it may be
inferred that Bartholomew was succeeded by his brother Walter, and Walter by his
sisters Cecily, wife of John de Builli and Maud, wife of Hugh ' Wach ' (cf. Rot. Cur.
Reg. I, 201-202 and Red Book, p. 538).
The charters of St. Andrew's, Northampton, prove that Roeise, after William de
Agnes, que fuit uxor Walter! de Hacunbi et filia Colgrim
de Weleburn', est de donatione Domini Regis; et est .xl. anno-
rum, et habet .ij. filios et .ij. filias. Major natu filiorum
est .xviij. annonim, et in custodia matris per Dominum Regem
pro .v. m. quas ipsa dedit Regi, et vicecomes eas recepit:
et terra sua est de eschaeta Domini Regis de Hacunbi, et
valet .iiij. I. per annum, nee potest plus valere. 1
Matillis de La Haia, que fuit filia Willelmi de Vernun, et
uxor Ricardi de La Haia, est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .Ivij. annorum; et habet .iij. filias, quarum .j. habet
Gerardus de CamuilT, et alteram Ricardus de Humez, tertiam
Willelmus de Rolles. Swauueton', que est dos ejus, valet
.xxx. /. per annum, cum instauramento quod ibi est; scilicet
.iij. carrucis et .lx. ovibus, .x. suibus, et .j. verre; et si
adderentur .lx. oves et .vj. vacce et .j. taurus, posset terra
valere .xxx. /. et .xvj. s. 2
Bussei's death, had married Baldwin Buelot (cf. Red Book, pp. 335-336). The family
of Builli, which took its name from Bully near Neuf-ch^tel-en-Bray must, of course,
be carefully distinguished from that of ' Buissei,' which appears to have been named
from Boucy on the Breton border, at the other end of Normandy. John de Builli
was lord of Kimberworth and a cadet of the Tickhill line. He was constable of
Scarborough and Idoine, his daughter and heir, married Robert de Vipont a supporter
1 The king's escheat of Haconby is traced back on the Pipe Rolls as far as 10
Hen II (1164). It was, apparently, the Domesday holding of Helpo ' balistarius.'
2 This Swaton manor was part of the Domesday fief of Colswegen (' Colsuain '),
which was obtained, under Henry I, by Richard de la Haie, as the Lindsey Survey
proves. Maud was widow of that Richard de la Haie who held a Lincolnshire fief
with a service of twenty knights in 1166 (Red Book, p. 390). She was, therefore,
only holding this manor in dower. A generation later (her eldest daughter) ' Domina
Nicholaa de Haya ' was similarly in the king's gift and holding 'Swaton as worth
2Q a year (Testa, p. 348). She had married Gerard de Camville (see text) and was
famous as the stalwart supporter of John and his infant son, for whom she held
Lincoln castle (cf. Rot. Scacc. Norm. I, cvi).
For the second daughter, Gille, wife of Richard du Hommet (Manche) see Rot.
Scacc. Norm. I, cxlv: II, clxxx, clxxxiv; and for all three daughters and co-heirs,
see Pipe Roll Soc., Vol. X, pp. 91-93.
With regard to William de Vernun, it is noteworthy that among the debtors of
William Cade in or about 1165-1166 is 'Ricardus de Vernun .x. libras per plegium
Ricardi de Haia et per taliam, in Lincolscira ' (Eng. Hist. Rev., xxviii, 222). This
Richard de Vernun was the son of William by his wife, Lucy de Tancarville. The
Vernuns and the Hayes were great benefactors to the Norman Abbey of Blanche-
lande, and the Vernuns to that of Montebourg (Rot. Scacc. Norm., I, cxliv-v: II,
xxxi, clxxxiv, ccxvi, cclxxv). Richard de Vernun made his return of knights for
the castle and Honour of Vernon (Eure), etc. in 1172 (Red Book, p. 630).
Filius Willelmi filii Rannulfi est in custodia Domini Regis
per episcopatum, et in custodia Hugonis Bardulf per Dominum
Regem; et ipse est .viij. annomm. Hugo Bardulf recepit
de terra sua in Iwarebi, his ,iij. annis .xv. m. quibus
fuit in manu ejus. Terra ilia valet annuatim .v. m. et non
potest plus valere quia nullum potest ibi esse instauramentum. 1
Robertus filius Osberti Seluein est in custodia Domini Regis
per episcopatum Lincolniensem a festo Sancte Crucis in Augusto,
et est .xj. annorum et dim. Terra sua in Wilebi, cum
.iij. carrucis que ibi sunt in dominio, et .ij. m. que ibi sunt
de firma, valet per annum .vij. /. et .vij. s. et .viij. d. Et
si ibi essent .cc. oves, valeret terra annuatim .xj. /. et
dim. m. Jocelinus de Euermuwa recepit dictam firmam postquam
fuit in manu Domini Regis, et .j. libram piperis et .j. libram
cumini et .ij. d. Ricardus Brit' et Robertus de Hardres
duxerunt inde ad castellum de La Forde, .c. et .xj. esceppas
bladi, quod valuit .ix. /. et .xviij. s. 2
Uxor que fuit Roberti de Cauz et mater uxoris Radulfi
filii Stephani, camberlani Domini Regis, filia Ricardi Basset
et soror Willelmi Basset, est de donatione Domini Regis, et
est .1. annorum et amplius. Terra ejus in Riscint', cum
pertinentiis, valet .xij. /. per annum, cum instauramento quod
1 William Fitz Ranulf was returned as holding half a fee of the bishop of Lincoln
in 1166 (Red Book, p. 375). His son, here entered, was probably that Nicholas
Fitz William who held the half fee in Ewerby of the bishop in 1212 (Testa, p. 340;
Red Book, p. 516).
2 This wardship, like the one preceding, came to the king through the vacancy
in the see of Lincoln. Osbert Selvein held one fee of the bishop in 1166 (Red Book,
p. 375). The holding was in Silk Willoughby and was held in 1212, as one fee by
Ralf ' Silvanus ' (Red Book, p. 516), but it was also entered as two thirds of a fee,
held of the bishop by ' domina Bremunda ' (Testa, p. 340), and again as two-thirds
of a fee in 1303 (Feudal Aids, III, 139). The castle was that of the bishops of Lincoln
at Sleaford. Osbert Selvein was claiming his right in his father's land in Yorkshire
as early as 1163 (Pipe Roll, 9 Hen. II, p. 61), and a Lincolnshire fee two years later
(ibid, 11 Hen. II, p. 39). He appears to have been ancestor of the Yorkshire house
of Salveyn (or Salvin).
It is noteworthy that Osbert is entered as living on the roll of 1184 (30 Henry II,
p. 15), while that of 1185 records the purchase by Joslen de Evermou (Envermeu)
of the wardship of his son for fifty marcs (31 Hen. II, p. 92). This, in conjunction
with the above entry, would seem to afford a further proof of the date of our record.
ibi est; scilicet, ij. camicis, .c. ovibus, .v. vaccis, .j. tauro;
et si adderentur .c. oves que desunt, valeret per annum .xiiij. /.
Hec terra est de baronia Radulfi filii Stephani. 1
Uxor Alberti Gresle fuit de donatione Domini Regis, et in
ejus custodia per .j. annum et .iij. partes anni, sub custodia
Thome Basset: et intra hunc terminum reddiderunt, scilicet,
Ricardus filius Si ward', et Willelmus le Cornur domine sue
de terra sua de Blacchesham .ix. /. et .iij. s. et .viij. d.
de firma; et de blado vendito, .c. s. et .xij. d. Dominus
Rex dedit earn postea Widoni de Croun, cum terra sua in
Blocchesham. Ipsa habet .j. filium heredem terre sue qui
est in custodia Domini Regis, et est .xj. annorum. Et tota
baronia est in custodia Nigelli filii Alexandri per preceptum
Domini Regis. 2
Matillis de Diua que fuit uxor Willelmi de Diua et filia
Walteri de Gaufreuill', est de donatione Domini Regis, et
est .xxxv. annorum. Terra sua de Corebi est de episcopatu
Lincolniensi, et est maritagium suum et valet .vij. m. cum
1 This is an important entry and was overlooked by Dugdale. Robert de Cauz
held, in 1166, a fief with a service of fifteen knights (Red Book, p. 343) in Notts and
elsewhere. He last appears on the Pipe Rolls in 1168 (14 Henry II). The somewhat
complicated description of his widow is explained by the fact that Ralf Fitz Stephen,
the chamberlain, had married her daughter Maud, heiress of the Cauz fief. Thus
it was that her dower is described as ' of the barony of Ralf Fitz Stephen, ' who only held
it in right of his wife (her daughter).
Ralf is often mentioned on the Pipe Rolls in connexion with the camera regis and
he had been provided for out of Crown lands in Gloucestershire, of which county
(with his brother William) he acted as sheriff. He was also a justice itinerant.
When he married the Cauz heiress is not known, but he is found in charge of Sherwood
forest in 1177 (Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 58) and as this forestership was in the Cauz
family and was afterwards confirmed to his wife and her heirs, this may point to
her having married him by 1177. Ralf died in or about 1204, and Maud then
married Adam Fitz Peter, lord of Birkin, by whom she had a son and successor to
her lands and to the forestership of Sherwood. She died in 1223-4.
There is a difficulty about the manor, for Ruskington does not seem to be traceable
as a Cauz holding (though Rowston in this Wapentake was), but in 1242-3 one fee
there was held by Robert de Everingham, who had married a grand-daughter and
coheir of Maud de Cauz (see Testa, pp. 307, 319; and The Chartulary of St John's,
Pontefract, p. 254).
It will be observed that the subject of this entry was a daughter of Richard Basset,
the eminent justice and official under Henry I, and sister of William Basset, sheriff
of Lines, from 1177.
The manor is Bloxholm. Guy de Craon's marriage to the widow is recorded
on the Pipe Rolls (see p. 4 above).
instauramento quod ibi est; scilicet, .j. carruca et .c.xl. ovibus
Et si esset ibi alia carruca, et .iiij. xx oves, .vj. vacce et
.j. taurus, .vj. sues et .j. verris, dicta villa posset valere per
annum .x. m. et .v. s. et .iiij. d. Dicta domina habet
.ij. filios et .ij. filias, et heres est .x. annorum, et in custodia
Willelmi de Diua. 1
Matillis comitissa Cestrie est de donatione Domini Regis,
et fuit filia Roberti comitis Gloecestrie, filii Regis Henrici
primi, et est .1. annorum et amplius. Ipsa tenet Wadint'
in dote de feodo comitis Cestrie, et firma sunt .xxij. I. per
annum. Dicta villa valet per annum .xl. /. cum hoc instaura-
mento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis, .iiij. vaccis, .j. tauro, .iiij. suibus,
.j. verre, .D. ovibus que ibi sunt inter oves et multones et
agnos ; et non potest plus instauramenti pati. Redditus hujus
ville recepit Comitissa his .viij. annis. 2
Bertreia comitissa filia comitis de Everews, uxor Hugonis
comitis Cestrie, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .xxix. an-
norum. Maritagium et dos ejus sunt ultra mare, et ideo
nesciunt juratores quid valeant. Sed Dominus Rex precepit
quod ipsa haberet .xl. libratas terre domini sui in Beltesford' et
Hemmingebi et Duninton': sed non habuit nisi .xxxv. libratas et
.x. solidatas., quia, ut dicunt, dicta terra non potest plus valere cum
instauramento quod Comitissa ibi recepit, scilicet, .v. carrucis
et .ccc. et .xlj. ovibus et .x. suibus et .j. verre; sed si
1 It is evident that ' Walter! de Gaufrevill[a] ' is an amazing freak of the scribe
for ' Gaufredi de Walter! vill [a] ', for a Geoffrey de Waterville occurs on the Pipe
Roll of 1161 (7 Hen. II, p. 45) as paying ten marcs on his knight's fees in Cambs. or
Hunts. On turning to the Liber memorandorum ecclesie de Bernewelle (pp. 48, 108-109),
it will be found that Asceline, one of the three sisters and co-heirs of William Peverel
of Bourne, a Cambridgeshire barony, married a Waterville who must have been the
above Geoffrey (who would thus hold jure uxoris), for she left two daughters (and
co-heirs to their brother Ralf), Asceline ' de Waterville ' and Maud ' de Diva.'
Corby, being here entered as the marriage portion of Maud, was clearly the knight's
fee held (in her right) by William ' de Diva ' of the bishop in 1166 (Red Book, p. 375).
In 1212 it was held by the two sisters jointly (ibid, p. 516; Testa, p. 342).
The family of Dives (Diva) had settled in Sussex and Northants at the Conquest
under the Count of Mortain. Those of Waterville and of Torpel, into which Asceline,
the other sister married, held under the abbot of Peterborough.
1 This entry explains itself. The husband of the countess, Earl Randolf, had
died so far back as 1153. The great manor of Waddington had been held by his
predecessor, Earl Hugh, in 1086 (Domesday),
in Duninton' apponerentur .cc. oves et .x. sues et .j. verris,
tune valeret terra quam Comitissa habet, .xl. I. 1
In Staliburg' habet Thomas de Areci .ij. carrucatas terre,
et .ij. bovatas, quas tenet in baronia de Domino Rege; et
valent per annum .xvj. 1. et xv. s. cum instauramento
.ij. carrucarum que ibi sunt; et si ibi essent .iij. carruce
et .xx. vacce et .ij. tauri et .x. sues et .ij. verres et .M. et
.c. oves, dicta terra valeret per annum .xl. /. Ipsa fuit in
manu Domini Regis, elapsis .ij. annis a festo Sancti Mathei
proximo preterite. Michael de Arceia et Hereueus de Horsint',
qui fuerunt custodes, receperunt de firma .x. m. et .xij. d. t
et de prato vendito .ij. annorum, .viij. m. et .ix. s. et .iij. d.
Dictus Thomas est .xviij. annorum et habet .ij. fratres juniores
se, et .iiij. sorores, quarum .j. fuit maritata vivente patre
S' 2 de Muntbegun; et .ij. sunt nubiles; tertia est
.viij. annorum; et sunt nati de Baronibus. Dictus Thomas
tenet de Domino Rege feoda .xx. militum; et de feodo
Willelmi de Perci feoda .v. militum. 3
Avicia de Crieuequor est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.Ixx. annorum. Ipsa habet feodum .j. militis in dominio, de
feodo comitis Legrecestr'; et de illo feodo habet in Croxt'
.iij. carrucatas terre, que valent per annum .xiiij. /., cum
instauramento .c. ovium et .ij. carrucarum que ibi sunt: nee
potest plus valere, nee plus instauramenti pati. Robertus de
Bouesboz, films filii sui, est heres ejus, et est .xxij. annorum;
habet etiam .iij. filias, quas Dominus Rex maritavit. 4
Mater Radulfi de Humestain, que est consanguinea Radulfi
filii Drogonis, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est plusquam
1 Her husband, Earl Hugh, had died a few years before. Her dower and mar-
riage portion are abroad, but the king has assigned to her land of the Earl's demesne
in Belshford, Hemingby, and Donington.
2 A doubtful letter written over an erasure.
3 See pp. 2-3 above. The fief is here entered as of twenty knight's fees with a
holding of five more under William de Perci. Stallingborough was held by Norman
d'Arci (de Araceio) at the time of the Lindsey Survey (c. 1115), and by Norman
d'Arci (de Adreci) in 1086 (Domesday).
4 Croxton was divided between three fiefs, of which the Earl of Leicester's was
one. It is entered as only five-eighths of a fee in the Testa (p. 315). A Robert de
Bonesboz (i.e., Bonnebosq, Calvados) held three fees in the Pays d'Auge in 1172
(Red Book, p. 638).
.lx. annorum. Ipsa habet .ij. bovatas terre in dote, que
ei reddunt annuatim dim. m. Ipsa habet .ij. filios, unum
.xxx. annorum, alium .xxiiij. annorum, et .j. filiam .xx. annorum. 1
Helewis de Swinope est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.1. annorum et amplius; et est Flandrensis natione, et fuit
uxor Simonis de Canti. 2 Terra sua valet annuatim .x. /., cum
instauramento quod ibi est, scilicet, .ij. carrucis, .v. vaccis,
.c. et .lx. ovibus et .viij. porcis; nee potest plus instauramenti
pati, nee terra plus valere. De dictis .x. /., reddit ipsa an-
nuatim .v. m. filio suo Simoni. Medietas feodi pertinet ad
Dominum Regem. Alia medietas ad comitem Britannie. 3
Uxor Waited Furmage, que fuit filia Thome de Neuill', est
in donatione Domini Regis, et est .xxiiij. annorum, et habet
filiam heredem, que nondum est unius anni. Ipsa habet dimidiam
carrucatam terre in Crosholm, pro qua reddit annuatim
.v. s., et potest poni ad firmam cum molendino pro .ij. m.
Eadem habet in Sinterbi 4 .iiij. bovatas terre, quas habet in
1 Humberston itself is in Bradley Wapentake, S.S.E. of Grimsby, but the Ralf
de ' Humbestan ' who appears in the returns of 1212 held four librates by falconer
service in Kelby, S.W. of Sleaford, far away (Red Book, p. 524), and was alias ' Ralf
the falconer ' (ibid, p. 455; Testa, p. 352). He was succeeded there by Henry ' the
falconer ' (Testa, p. 352). If there was a holding in Bradley Wapentake, the entry
implies that it was a small one, for the dower is only two bovates.
Ralf Fitz ' Drogo, ' of whom the lady was cousin, is of more importance. He had
succeeded to his father's land by 1130 (Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I, p. 121), and had been
' farming ' Grimsby as far back as 1155 (Red Book, p. 657), and in 1168 his arrears
of that ' farm ' amounted to 169, for which his sons, Ralf, Walter and Dru (Drogo),
made fine with the king (Pipe Roll, 14 Hen. II, p. 61). Of these sons, Walter ' de
Grimsby ' was sheriff of the shire from 1170 to 1175, when he was succeeded by his
brother, Dru Fitz Ralf, who held office till Easter 1177. In that year they are
spoken of as brothers (ibid, 23 Hen. II, pp. 108, 116, 119), and the Crown is found
claiming the chattels of Walter and the debts due to him. In view of the kinship
alleged in the entry, it is noteworthy that Humberston Abbey is said to have been
founded by a William Fitz Drogo Fitz Hermer, temp. Henry II.
3 For Swinhop, see Testa, pp. 318, 348 (the latter corrupt), which confirms the
statement that the Cancis held half Swinhop in chief, as part of their barony, and half
under the Honour of Brittany (or Richmond). Simon de Canci (not Canti) had
returned his barony, under Lincolnshire, in 1166, as of five knights (Red Book, p. 378).
Helewis must have taken her name from Swinhop as holding it in dower. Anfrid
de Canci is entered as the tenant in the Lindsey Survey.
dominio, et arat eas cum una carruca, et sunt maritagium suum
de feodo patris sui, et valet terra per annum .xij. s. 1
Uxor Simonis de Crieuequor, que fuit filia Robert! filii Ernisii,
et filia filie Johannis Ingelram, est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .xxiiij. annorum; et habet .ij. filios, major natu est
.v. annorum, minor vero .iiij. Terra sua in Hanewurth' valet
annuatim .c. s., et non potest plus valere. Post mortem
Simonis de Crieuequor, terra de Hakent' fuit in manu Domini
Regis, et preceptum fuit vicecomiti, quod uxor Simonis cum
filiis suis inde haberet necessaria: et vicecomes per preceptum
Domini Regis dimidio anno invenit ei necessaria, et vix potuit
dimidio anno de manerio ei necessaria invenire. Haketorn',
cum instauramento .ij. carmcarum, quas uxor Simonis post
mortem ejus invenit, valet per annum .c. s. et .x. s. ;
.ij. carruce valent per annum .lx. s.; et redditus assisi cum
operationibus, .1. s. ; et si essent ibi .cc. oves et .ij. vacce
et .ij. sues, terra valeret .viij. /. et .x. s. Vicecomes nichil
inde recepit, nisi quod expendit in inveniendo predicte domine
necessaria, et quod in hoc expendit, valuit .c. s. 2 3
De dominabus pueris et puellis.
Oliverus filius Johannis de Eincurt est .xxiiij. annorum, et
est nepos Radulfi Murdac, et cum eo per Dominum Regem.
Johannes de Eincurt obiit elapsis .ij. annis ad festum Sancti
Leonardi ; et tune saisivit Willelmus Basset terram predicti
Johannis de Langho in manum Domini Regis, sed nihil inde
recepit. Postea commendata fuit terra ilia Galfrido filio Pagani
et Helie de Fenecurt, et ipsi inde receperunt .viij. s. Postea
1 The Domesday fief of ' Heppo balistarius ' extended over Hacconby, Snitterby,
Kirkby, etc. It was held by the serjeanty of following the king in war with a
crossbow (balista) and six bolts (Testa, pp. 348, 352). The Snitterby land was
in the hands of a Thomas de Nevill under Henry III and Gervase de Crosholm was
holding of him there four bovates of land (ibid). This was obviously the holding
spoken of in the text and was given by an earlier Thomas Nevill with his daughter
to Walter Furmage in marriage. Crosholm itself was in Bishop Norton; Richard
de Crosholm was its holder before 1232 (Line. Final Concords, p. 251).
a At the foot of the Rotulet : Tercii Buch' Line' scirarum de custodiis et e . . .
3 See p. 7 above for this lady and the manors of (Cold) Hanworth and Hack-
thorn. John Ingelram was owing the Crown, in 1130, a good horse for securing his
right to his father's land (Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I, p. 16).
commendavit Dominus Rex dictam terrain et Oliverum heredem
Johannis Radulfo Murdac, qui earn tenuit .ij. annis et dimidio;
qui primo anno recepit de Branston' .xv. /. et .xij. s. et
.vj. d., de redditu assiso; et secundo anno, .xx. /. de redditu
assiso, de perquisitionibus .lx. 5., .iij. d. minus; de venditione
bladi .c. s. De dimidio anno sequenti, recepit .ix. /. et
.x. s. Quando Johannes obiit, reddidit Bra[n]ston >:l .xv. /. d?
firma assisa; et modo reddit .xix. /. Monachi de Chirkested'
habent dominium in vadimonio, et totam pasturam ejus-
dem ville, qui ita oneraverunt earn ovibus et aliis averiis,
quod non potest plus sustinere. De Blangenia cepit Radulfus
Murdac primo anno .x. /. et .xviij. s. de firma assisa; de
purcatto .j. m. Secundo anno cepit de firma .xvj. /.
et .v. s. Dimidio anno sequenti, .iiij. /. et .x. s. Domina
Aliz uxor Johannis de Eincurt cepit .c. s. de dote sua
in predicta villa dimidio anno. Blangenia tempore Johannis
valuit .xv. /. per annum, cum instauramento .j. us carruce; et
modo valet .xviij. /., cum instauramento .iij. carrucarum,
que ibi sunt, et cum .j. vacca et .j. vitulo et .j. equo;
et non potest dicta villa plus instauramenti pati, propter averia
monachorum de Kirchested', et fratrum de Simplingham, et
Fratrum Templi. Preterea Radulfus Murdac cepit .x. /. et
.xij. s. et .j. d. in dicta villa de releviis et de terns que
fuerunt in manu sua antequam homines finem fecissent. Post
mortem Johannis de Eincurt, obiit Philippus persona de Timber-
landa, et canonici de Turgarton' tenent ecclesiam illam. Dictus
Philippus solebat reddere dictis canonicis dim. m. nomine
pensionis, sed nescitur ex cujus donatione dictus Philippus
habuit dictam ecclesiam, sed pater ejus habuit illam ex
donatione Walteri de Eincurt'. 2
Aliz de Eincurt, que fuit uxor Johannis de Eincurt, est in
donatione Domini Regis, et habet .x. libratas terre in dote
1 Braston' in MS.
2 The baronial house of d'Eincurt and its Lincolnshire fief are well known. The
manors are Blankney, in Langoe (' Langho ') Wapentake, its caput, and Branston.
Ralf Murdac held judicial office in the closing years of the reign (cf. Introduction,
p. xxiii), and is proved by this entry to have been brother to John d'Eincurt's wife,
Alice. He was apparently identical with the Ralf Murdac who held Broughton
Poggs, Oxon, by falcon serjeanty, and whose predecessor, Ralf, occurs in 1130
(Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I, p. 6). Cf. Eynsham Cartulary, ed. Salter.
This Oliver d'Eincurt was at strife in 1234 with the abbot of Kirkstead concerning
the Blankney pasture mentioned in the above entry (Line. Final Concords, p. 253).
William Basset was sheriff of the county when he took possession of the land for the
Filius Petri de Cote est .xviij. annorum et in custodia
abbatis de Wellebech, cum terra sua de Carlebi, que valet
annuatim .iiij. m. et .xl. d. sine instauramento ; et si appone-
retur ibi .j. carruca de .viij. bobus, et .lx. oves et .ij. vacce,
valeret dicta terra 1 .vij. m. et .viij. s. et .viij. d. ; et terra ilia
est de feodo episcopatus Lincolniensis. Et dictus Petrus
occisus fuit elapsis .ij. annis ad festum Sancti Michaelis, et
exinde recepit dictus Abbas redditus de Carlebi. 2
Matillis que fuit uxor Reginald! de Crieuequeor, est de dona-
tione Domini Regis, et est .lx. annorum et amplius. In terra
sua de Redburn' sunt .v. m. assise in terris et molendinis,
et potest dominium coli .ij. carrucis et dim.; et fuerunt
ibi .iij. carruce, quas fecit amovere vicecomes per servientes
suos. Et si in predict a terra essent .xx. vacce et .D. oves
et .xx. porci, ipsa valeret annuatim .xv. /. 3
[Rot. 2. d.]
Bert on' que fuit Willelmi Paine!', est in custodia Domini
Regis cum herede, qui est .iij. annorum, et in custodia
Willelmi Vavassoris per Dominum Regem. Tempore Willelmi
Paine!', qui fuit dominus ante Fulconem Painel', fuit Berton'
posita ad firmam cum .ij. carrucis pro .xj. 1.', et modo potest
valere per annum .xj. /., cum hoc instauramento; scilicet,
.xviij. bobus, .xiij. vaccis et .j. tauro et .ij. stircis .ij. an-
norum et .ij. juvencis .ij. annorum et .ij. vitulis .j. anni
et .v. vitulis presentis et .ij. hercioris et .ij. suibus et
.iiij. porcis junioribus. Et hoc instauramentum totum ibi
1 Corrected from ' villa.'
2 Peter de Cotes held two fees of the bishop of Lincoln in 1166 (Red Book, p. 375).
One of these was in Carlby and was held by Richard de Cotes in 1212 (Testa, p. 341).
There is a fine of 1240 between Elizabeth widow of Robert de Karleby and Richard
de Cotes concerning land in Cotes (Line. Final Concords, p. 325).
3 For this Maud, heiress of the Crevequer baron.y, and for Redbourne, see the
Introduction (p. xxxi). Reginald de Crevequer granted ' concessione et consilio
Matildis uxoris mee et Alexandri filii mei ' the isle of Tunstal in Redbourne to the
nuns there established (Harl. Cart. 48, I, 49, ex inform., H. J. Ellis), whose house was
afterwards combined with that of Bullington.
est, et non potest plus sustinere. Willelmus Uauassor recepit
inde custodiam ad Pentecosten proximo preteritum. Et cepit
inde .lx. s. de firma. Willelmus Basset habuit custodiam
inde anno preterito et cepit inde de firma .xxij. /. et .vj. s.,
et de blado vendito .ij. m., et de porcis venditis .ij. s. ; et
de firma presentis anni .Ixxj. s. et .vij. d., qui deberent dari
ad festum Sancti Michaelis proximo venturum. Idem cepit de
hominibus pro consilio et auxilio dim. m. Willelmus
de Sapercot' cepit de Osberto serviente de blado vendito
.xj. s. et .iij. d., ad opus vicecomitis. Et fuit terra in
manu Domini Regis, elapso .j. anno ad festum Sancti Johannis
Babtiste proximo preteritum. 1
DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS ET PUELLIS
IN NORHAMTON'SIRE. 2
Robertus films Hugonis, qui est *.xx. annorum, est in custodia
Domini Regis cum terra sua. Ipse habet ex donatione quam
1 The great trouble caused by this entry to the writer is a good illustration of
the difficulties that spring from careless or inaccurate identification.
The Rotulus places the ' Bertone ' of William Paynel in Manley Wapentake, where
we must therefore find it. Domesday shows us (362 b) Ralf Paynel holding a
' Bertone ' and a ' Bertune,' but, as it does not give the Wapentakes, their identi-
fication is left in doubt. In his translation of the Lincolnshire portion of Domesday
(1870), Mr C. G. Smith made the first (and larger) ' Bertone ' to be ' Burton-by-
Lincoln ' (p. 179), and the other (p. 180) to be Burton Goggles. Mr Stapleton, on
the other hand, in his famous paper on Holy Trinity Priory, York (York volume of
the Archaeological Institute) which is the standard authority on these Paynels
and their holdings makes the 'Bertone' of this entry Burton-upon-Stather (in
Manley Wapentake) without hesitation (p. 117), as he also does the ' Bertone ' at
the head of the Paynel holding in Domesday (p. 9) and the ' Bertuna ' (in Manley
Wapentake) which the Lindsey Survey (circ., 1115) assigns to Ralf Paynell.
So great is Stapleton 's authority that one would hesitate to reject this definite
assertion, were it not certain, on careful investigation, that this great Paynel manor
was Broughton (in Manley Wapentake) to the S.E. of Burton-on-Stather. Even
local knowledge is at fault, for Massingberd's Lincoln Final Concords, in which it
occurs as ' Bergton,' makes it Burton (p. 363), while Bracton's Notebook, where it is
' Bergtona,' makes it (with a query) Barkston (i, 204). As ' Berghton ' etc. it is
entered in Feudal Aids (in, 153, 230, 267, 292) as formerly Ralf Paynell's, and
William Paynell's grants to the nuns of Gokewell Abbey (in Broughton) ' de
territorio de Bertun ' (or ' Bartona ') make the identity certain. It is also the
' Berton que fuit Willelmi filii Folqueii Painell,' which is entered on the Pipe Roll
of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 93) as in the sheriff's hands (see its Introduction, p. xxviii).
William Paynell, who had only succeeded his father, Fulk, so recently as 1182,
married (see Stapleton) Eleanor de Vitre, afterwards Countess of Salisbury (Cal. of
Docs, in France, p. 537). In Normandy, these Paynels were benefactors to the abbey
of Hambye (ibid, p. 325) ; in England they were lords of Drax.
2 ' Nor ' is an after insertion.
fecit Dominus Rex Roberto filio Sewini avo suo, in campis
de Norhamt', .ij. carrucatas terre, quarum unam tenet Engel-
ramus filius Henrici de dicto Roberto pro .ij. s. per annum,
et ipse Robertus tenet aliam in manu sua, que valet per
annum .xxiiij. s. et .viij. d., cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.iij. bobus et .ij. tauris et .xvj. ovibus; iste .ij. carrucate
terre valebant antiquitus .lx. s., cum .xij. bobus et .c. ovibus,
et .ij. averis. De redditu assiso habet extra portam orien-
talem .xviij. s.; extra portam de Nort .vj. s. de redditu
asiso, et .vj. d. ; et in Swinewelle Strete .xij. s. Unde
Hospitale de Jerusalem tenet .ij. s., de dono Roberti filii
Sewini; infirmi Sancti Leonardi .vj. s. ; Canonici de Dunstaple
.xij. d.', et Durandus .ij. s. pro servitio suo; et ipse Robertus
tenet .xij. d. in manu sua. Tali modo reddebat terra
predicta .iiij. /. et .xvj. 5. et .vj. d. Et cum predicto
instauramento et .iiij. vaccis, posset terra valere .c. s. Et
preterea, idem Robertus tenet quoddam pratum de predicto
dono Regis, quod jacet ad firmam de Norhamt', pro .xx. s.,
et computantur ad Scheccarium Domino Regi, et dicitur Chin-
geshale. Et preter predictos redditus habet infra burgum et
extra .vij. /. de redditu asiso, et .ij. s. et .iij. d., quos ipse
tenet a pluribus annis, sine terra quam ipse tenet in Upton*
de Domino Rege. 1
Emma que fuit uxor Hugonis filii Roberti, et prius uxor
Roberti de Sancto Paulo, et filia Henrici Tiart, est de dona-
tione Domini Regis, et est .xl. annorum. Jpsa habet dotem
in Oxeneford'sire, ex donatione Roberti de Sancto Paulo,
que valet .1. s. ; et de maritagio in Brint' .Ixiij. s., cum
1 Robert Fitz Sewin, the grandfather, whose father's name implies English
parentage, was sheriff of the county 1170-1174, and the Pipe Rolls show him account-
ing for the ferm of Northampton as early in the reign as 1156. In 1166 he was
returned as holding one fee of the ' Chokes ' fief (Red Book, p. 334). The mention
of the fields of Northampton, in which he was given as much as two carucates of
land, is important, for Domesday is silent about them; but in 1275, Hugh Gobyun
was returned as having held two carucates ' in the suburb ' in capite for two shillings
a year (Cal. of Inq., u, No. 115). The entry also proves the existence, at its date,
of a north and east gate and the extension of the town outside them.
The succession of Robert Fitz Hugh to his father, Hugh Fitz Robert, as shown at
this time on the Pipe Rolls, affords, as explained in the Introduction, further proof of
the date at which the Rotuli were compiled. Exchequer practice, also, receives
illustration from the technical phrase ' computantur ad scheccarium, ' which
relates to the annual entry on the Pipe Rolls, ' Hugoni filio Roberti filii Sewin .xx. s.
in prato de Chingeshala.' 'Uptone,' moreover, occurs annually, under Northamp-
tonshire, on the Pipe Rolls among the terrte dates. Robert, the grandfather, had held
it from Easter 1159. The place is Upton by Northampton. Henry II's charter
granting and confirming to Robert Fitz Sawin ' of Northampton ' Upton juxta
Nordh', the two ' hides ' in Nordh' and the meadow of ' Kyngeshala ' will be found
in Cal. of Charter Rolls, in, 478.
instauramento .ij. carmcanim, .c. ovium et .iij. suum; et
preterea habet in Norhamt' in dote, .j. domum ex dono
Roberti de Sancto Paulo, que valet annuatim .viij. /. Et
Dominus Rex dedit predictam feminam Hugoni filio Roberti,
cum predicta domo, tenenda de Domino Rege pro .ij. s. per
annum; unde habet cartam Regis, sicut aiunt juratores. Filius
suus primogenitus est .xx. annorum, et habet filiam desponsatam
.xviij. annorum et puellam .xvj. annorum et .ij. moniales
et .ij. alias juniores. 1
Matillis, uxor Ingelram' de Dumard', est de donatione Domini
Regis, et est plusquam .xl. annorum, et nullum habet heredem
de Jngelram. Jpsa habet in dote tertiam partem de Faxton',
que pars valet annuatim .vij. /. et .vj. s. et .viij. d.*
HUNDREDUM DE WILEBROC.
Margareta Engaine fuit in donatione Domini Regis intra hos
.viij. annos; et Galfridus Brito desponsavit earn, ut dicitur,
sine licencia Regis; et hoc fuit prius ostensum justiciis. 3 Gal-
1 This is the mother of the ward in the preceding entry. Emma's father was
that Henry filius Tiard, whose dispute about a bull came before the justices at
Northampton in 1175 (Pipe Roll, 21 Hen. II, p. 46) and whose sons, Enguerrand and
Robert, were amerced ten marcs each for forest offences in 1177 (ibid, 23 Hen. II,
p. 93). Her marriage portion was in Brington.
Her former husband was the Robert de Sancto Paulo, to whom, as his chamberlain,
Henry II gave, early in his reign, the land which had been held by Henry I's tailor
(Cal. of Charter Rolls, m, 477-478). This land, though not named, was at ' Newnton,'
Oxon, (ibid, i, 51), where it is stated to be held by the render of a pair of shears
(cf. The King's Serjeants, pp. 262-263), which identifies it as South Newington (Feudal
Aids, iv, 155). The writer was misled by the index to the Calendar of Charter Rolls
(i, 572) into making it Newton Purcell. It is further stated (ibid, I, 51) to have
been held by Emma ' de Norhamtona ' (The King's Serjeants, pp. 259, 262-263), who is
the Emma of the text, so named from her second marriage. This identifies her
dower in the entry, which she was holding, like her predecessors and successors, by
tailor serjeanty (Red Book, p. 456; Testa, pp. 107, 115, 134). She was also the
' Emma vidua ' of Red Book, p. 451.
2 ' Faxtona Engel' de Dumart ' is found on the Pipe Roll of 1167 (13 Hen. II,
p. 123), which implies that he had a manor in Faxton. This was here valued by
the Rotulus as worth ^22 a year.
Mr. H. J. Ellis informs me that by Harl. Chart. 49 F, 53, ' Ingeram ' de Dumard
granted to Walter Duredent, his nepos, a messuage in Faxton, with a fourth part
of Faxton, Mawsley, Waldegrave and Moulton, as one knight's fee, which lands
were late held by Ingeram's avunculus, Walter de Baillol. This would suggest that
the manor in the text was the maritagium of his mother, that she was a Balliol, and
that Ingeram derived his name from that family, who were lords of Faxton.
' Engelram ' granted lands in Moulton in exchange for those which his brother,
Gerald, had granted in Faxton (St Frideswide's Cartulary [O.H.S.] II, 235).
3 ' Nota: placitum' is here a marginal note against ' ostensum justiciis.'
fridus Brito invenit plegios habendi warantum suum, .iij. sep-
timanis post festum Sancti Michaelis, ad Scheccarium, de dicta
Margareta quam duxit in uxorem; scilicet, Thomam de Hale
et Alanum de Hale et Johannem de Sudwic. 1
Alicia que fuit uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis et soror Willelmi
de Auberuill', est in donatione Domini Regis, et est .1. an-
noram; et habet .ij. filios milites et .ij. alios et .vj. filias
maritatas et .iij. filias maritandas, que stint in custodia matris.
Terra sua in Glaptorn valet .c. s. cum hoc instauramento,
scilicet, .ij. carrucis et .vj. vaccis et .j. tauro et .xxx. porcis
et .xl. ovibus. Terra sua in Abiton', que est dos ejus et in
Hundredo de Spelho, valet .xiiij. /. annuatim. 2
HUNDREDUM DE STOKES.
Sibilla que fuit uxor Galfridi Ridel et soror Willelmi Mauduit,
est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .1. annorum. Terra sua
in Weston' cum molendino valet .Ixv. s., .j. d. minus; et in
1 This is a most perplexing entry, not so much from the confusion in which the
Engaine pedigree is involved (Dugdale's Baronage, i, 466), as from the extreme
difficulty of tracing Margaret's nameless holding. From the other entry concerning
her below, it is clear that she had married an Engayne of Pytchley, the representative
therefore, of William (Engayne) the Domesday holder of Pytchley. But none of
his holdings was in Willibrook Hundred and neither the Testa nor Feudal Aids
will enable us to trace such holding. Yet Hale and Southwick, whence the sureties
came, are both in this Hundred.
The accident of a fine, in 1196, to which Margaret and Richard, her son, were the
parties (Pipe Roll Soc., Vol. xvii, No. 158), supplies the clue. Margaret there
surrenders to him a sixth of a fee in ' Newentone, ' being her whole maritagium
there, for sixty shillings a year for her life. This was clearly (Wood) Newton in
Willibrook Hundred and the ' Newton ' which is entered with Bulwick in an In-
quisition of 1250 as held by Viel Engaine of Reginald Fitz Urse as half a fee (Cal. of
Inq., i, No. 166). Now the second entry on this Margaret (p. 27) states that she was
daughter of Richard Fitz Urse (Reginald's father). This identifies the manor
and proves its descent. It is further possible to connect Reginald Fitz Urse directly
with Bulwick and (Wood) Newton by the Pipe Roll of 1167 (13 Hen. II, p. 117).
This entry forcibly illustrates the object of these inquiries by justices in eyre; for
Geoffrey was called upon to produce his ' warrant' i.e., the authority of the king or
his officers for marrying a widow in the king's gift. The words ' nota placitum '
are in the margin, and the offence is one which occurs frequently on the Pipe Rolls.
J Fulc de Lisures was the grandson, maternally, of a Richard Engayne and the
heir of that Richard Engayne (Ingania) of Domesday who held four hides in Abington.
He made his return in 1166, as the king's forester in fee (Red Book, p. 333). He
continued to account for the local forest on the Pipe Rolls, but that of 1178 records
his heavy fines for forest offences and that of 1180 (26 Hen. II) states that his land was
then in the king's hands. Glapthorne was his other manor. The pedigree is
complicated by the marriage of his grandfather Richard Engayne 's 'last' wife to
Richard Fitz Urse (Red Book, p. 333). The Aubervilles held in Kent and East
Sutton' habet de suis liberis hominibus, .liiij. s. de redditu,
et .j. quadradantem. 1 Ipsa habet .ij. filios et .j. filiam, sed
non sunt heredes de dote ejus, sed Ricardus Basset qui fuit
de prima uxore viri sui. 2
Alicia que fuit uxor Thome de Bellofago et filia Waleranni
de Oiri, est in donatione Domini Regis, et est .xx. annorum.
Ipsa habet in Esselia feodum .j. militis et dimfidium], quod
Petrus de Esseleia et Robertus de Wateruill' tenent de ea;
quorum servitium datum fuit in dote predicte domine. Ipsa
habet .j. filium qui est .iij. annorum, et est in custodia Nigelli
filii Alexandri. Et preterea ipsa habet in Straton' .xx. /. 34
HUNDREDUM DE HOCKESLAWE.
Ysowda que fuit uxor Stephani de Bellocampo, et filia
comitis de Ferrariis, est in donatione Domini Regis, et est
.xl. annorum. Ipsa habet in Bernewelle .x. libratas terre de feodo
Comitis in maritagio, et alias habet terras in comitatu de
Wircestr', quas tenet de Domino Rege. Ipsa habet .j. filium,
qui est .iiij. annorum, et .v. filias. 5 Marginal note: d.
In villa de Yslepe est filius cujusdam militis .xv. annorum,
qui est in custodia Albrici de Witleberia, per Thomam filium
Bernard': idem Albricus habuit custodiam ejusdem pueri septem
annis, et de terra ejus cepit .xxxij. d. annuatim. Idem puer
2 This lady, similarly described, recurs below. She was the widow of Geoffrey
Ridel (or Basset), son of Richard Basset, the justiciar, by Maud, daughter and heir
of Geoffrey Ridel. Sutton (Basset) with Weston (by Welland) adjoining, had come
to the Bassets as part of the forfeited fief of Robert de Buci (D.B. i, 225) and were
held in capite by them as one knight's fee, as was also Weldon (Northants), the head
of their fief (Cal. of Inq., I, No. 403). It should be noted that Richard Basset,
Geoffrey Ridel's heir, was his son by a previous wife.
3 This sentence is underlined, probably for deletion.
4 This lady will recur in two other entries, from which we learn that Nigel Fitr
Alexander was her uncle. Ashley, like the adjacent Weston and Sutton above is in
Corby Hundred. In ' the Northamptonshire Survey ' Ralf de Beaufo (Bella Fago)
is entered as holding there of the fee of Belvoir, and this place is probably the
" Assele in Roteland " (sic), where he was stated to hold two knight's fees of Hubert
de Rye in 1166 (Red Book, p. 401). Under Henry III, Emma, widow of Guy de
Waterville, held half a fee there (Testa, p. 26) and in 1285 Guy de Water ville was its
holder (Feudal Aids, iv, 37). The two knights named in the entry may represent
the two holdings of Robert de Todeni's under-tenants here in Domesday.
6 Ysoude's marriage portion was in Barn well All Saints of the Ferrers fee,
and was disposed of by her heirs to Philip Basset (Ancient Deeds, A., 5027, 5033, 5069).
Her husband will be fully dealt with under Essex.
habet de terra Robert! filii Albrici redditum .xx. s. ;
et de terra Gemasii de Sudburc redditum .iij. s. ; et
terra ilia est sochagium. 1
In villa de Stanford est quidam puer .xviij. annorum, qui
fuit in custodia abbatis de Selebi quando obiit, et nunc est
in custodia Willelmi de Stanford/ qui dedit ei filiam suam
pro .c. s., quos dedit Domino Regi per dominum Rannulfum
de Glanuill'. Terra sua valet per annum .xxiiij. s. sine dominio
suo; scilicet, .j. carrucata terre; et ipse reddit de terra sua
annuatim Domino Regi .j. m. argenti. 2
Marginal note: d.
Beatricia que fuit uxor Roberti Mantel, servientis Domini
Regis de honore de Notingham, est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .xxx. annorum. Terra sua in Roddes, quam habet
in dote, valet .xxx. s. per annum cum instauramento .j. carruce,
et sunt ibi .vj. virgate. Ipsa habet .iij. filios et .j. filiam;
primogenitus est .x. annorum et in custodia Roberti de Saucei,
ut dicunt, per Regem. Alii pueri sunt cum matre. 3
Terra Hamundi filii Hamundi filii Meinfelini in Wike valet
per annum .iiij. /. et .x. s., cum hoc instauramento; scilicet,
1 In the ' Northamptonshire Survey ' Aubrey (de Vere) earner arius is entered as
holding in Drayton (in Lowick) and Islip; in 1166 Robert, son of Aubrey earner arius
was returned as holding half a fee in capite (Red Book, p. 335). This was in Drayton
and Islip, for under Henry III Henry de Drayton was holding half a fee in capite
in Drayton and Islip (Testa, p. 30). Compare his Inq. p. m. in Cal. of Inq. i, No. 284.
See also, for Robert and Aubrey the Thorney Charters in Mon. Ang., n, 603, and for
Vere of Drayton, Succinct Genealogies by' Robert Halstead ' (1685) where ' Sir Walter
de Vere ' is alleged to have assumed the name of Drayton. Aubrey, the boy's
guardian, had, as ' Albredus f orestarius, ' made a grant in Whittlebury (in Green's
Norton) to the nuns of Chicksand (Beds. Hist. Record Soc., Vol. I, p. 120). Sud-
borough was the origin of the other surname.
2 Probably this ward held under the abbot. Two fees were held in Stanford
(on Avon) of Christian Ledet by the abbot of Selby in frank almoin (Testa, p. 23).
Domesday records that Abbot Benedict (of Selby) had bought from Guy de Reinbued-
curt his holding in Stanford. The abbot of the text must be Gilbert (de Vere),
who had died in 1184 and had no successor for a time. The Pipe Roll of this year
shows Selby Abbey in the hands of the King, which would give him this wardship.
3 In the ' Northamptonshire Survey ' Michael Mauntell is entered as holding
six small virgates in Somershale, i.e., Roade (' Roddes '), of the fee of William
Peverel of Higham. The family was of long continuance here, and in 1293 it was
deposed for proof of age of Robert, brother and heir of Henry Mauntel, that he was
' baptized in the baptistry of the church of Rode ' 21 years before (Cal. of Inq.,
in, No. 151). The relative entry to the text is on the Pipe Roll of 1183 (29 Hen. II,
p. 82), under Bucks, and Beds., ' Robertus de Sauceie redd. comp. de .v. marcis
pro custodia habenda filii Roberti Mantell' cum terra sua.' The manor became
known as ' Mauntells.'
.ij. carmcis et .1. ovibus et .iiij. vaccis et .iiij. suibus et
.j. verre; et quia nullum est ibi instauramentum, non valet
nisi .xxxvij. s. 1
Haddun', que est de honore comitis Leicestr', fuit in manu
Domini Regis; et Radulfus Morinus cepit inde de lana et
caseis .xx. s., et .cc. oves et .xxx. et .j. ovem et .xxj. bovem
et .v. averos. Radulfus de Wirecestre recepit .xv. m. de blado
et feno, et de firma .xj. m. et .v. s. et .vj. d., et de pomaiio
.v. s. Dictam villam tradidit Dominus Rex Willelmo de Diua,
et heredem, qui est .xij. annorum, et habet fratrem .v. an-
norum et .j. sororem .ix. annorum et aliam .vij. 2
Marginal note: d.
Margareta Engaine, quam desponsavit Gaufridus Brito, ut
supradictum est, habet in Pictesleia .vj. libratas terre; et
ipsa est .1. annorum et heres ejus est Ricardus Engaine. Et
fuit filia Ricardi filii Ursi. 3
[Rot. 3. d.]
Albreia de Harwecurt est in donatione Domini Regis, et est
.1. annorum, et habet .iiij. filios. Terra sua in Brantest',
que est maritagium suum, valet per annum .xiiij. /. cum
instauramento .iiij. carrucarum et .iij.c. ovium. In eadem villa
1 Wyke Hamon, or Wyke Dyve, now in Wicken, was one of the manors found
on the Rotuli as having come into the King's hands through the recent death of the
Lord of Wolverton (Bucks). On the Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 53), the
sheriff accounts for 2 from its issues.
2 East Haddon, in Newbottle Hundred, came into the king's hands when the
Earl of Leicester's lands were seized and placed in charge of Ralf of Worcester (Pipe
Roll, 29 Hen. II, pp. xxiii, 153; 30 Hen. II, pp. xxiv, 50). They had been restored
in the previous year. The families of Dive and St. Andrew held of the earl at (East)
Haddon (Feudal Aids, iv, 8). Ralf Morin had accounted as acting sheriff of North-
ants the previous Michaelmas (Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, p. 101).
3 This lady has occurred already in an entry above. She is here holding in
dower land in Pytchley, the head of the famous Engayne serjeanty for hunting
wolves, foxes, and other vermin. The name of her husband is hardly certain, but
in 1167 a Richard Engayne was holding Blatherwick and Laxton which descended
with Pytchley. Richard, her son and heir (see above, p. 24, note 1) was fined a hundred
marcs for a forest offence in 1177 (Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 91). In my paper on
' Gaynes in Upminster ' (Essex Arch. Trans. [N.S.], xi, 98-100), I showed that
Margaret became co-heir in her issue to her brother, Reginald Fitz Urse, on the
extinction of his issue. Her son, Richard, married Sara, daughter and co-heir of
William de Chesney, sheriff of Norfolk(ifo'd, vui, 192-8), who brought in the manor
of Colne (Engaine). He became sheriff of Northants and founded Fineshead Priory.
Viel Engaine was his son.
sunt .iiij. virgate terre cum pertinentiis que pertinent ad manerium
Domini Regis de Faleweslea, et reddunt annuatim .xij. s. et
.iiij. d.\ et dicta Albreia tenet illas per voluntatem Domini Regis
et cepit de terra .iiij. /. et .x. s., preter firmam: et qui terram
tenent, tenent earn libere et hereditarie. 1
Sibilla que fuit uxor Gaufridi Ridel et soror Willelmi Mauduit,
habet in Frixton' .xx. libratas terre, quas Gaufridus Basset ei
dedit in dotem, de quibus Ricardus Basset est heres. 2
Matillis Gulaffre, que fuit filia Rogeri Gulaffre et soror Here-
berti Gulaffre, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .lx. an-
norum. Ipsa habet de Willelmo de Curci .xl. solidatas terre
in hundredo de Norton', et .iiij. libratas habuit in dote in
Parva Blakewell', de honore de Notingham, quam ipsa reddidit
Ricardo filio suo elapsis .iij. annis. Ipsa habet .iij. filios et
.ij. filias, et heres ejus est miles; et per dictam terram est de
donatione Domini Regis. 3
1 This lady here bears her maiden name, but on the Pipe Roll of this year
(31 Hen. II, p. 60) she is ' Albreda Trussebut,' as explained in its Introduction
(p. ix). The Pipe Roll of 23 Hen. II (p. 96) styles her ' Albreda uxor Willelmi
Trusbut ' and records the remission to her of a payment due from Braunston,
the manor which is the subject of this entry. Walter D'Eyncurt had held 3-| hides
there as ' Brandestone ' in 1086 and these were held of the fee of John d'Eyncurt
then in the king's hands (through a minority), owing suit to the Hundred of Fawsley
(the 'Faleweslea' of the text), by Robert de Ros (Testa, pp. 27, 36, bis), who in-
herited half a fee there from Aubree through her daughter, Roese, the subject of
the first entry on the Rotuli (see p. 1). Mr H. J. Ellis tells me of grants from
' Aubere ' or ' Albereda ' de Harcourt, as widow of William Trusbut, in Braunston
to Nuneaton Priory in Add. Cart. 47736-7.
2 This lady has been dealt with above (pp. 24-25). Her husband, Geoffrey Ridel,
is here called also Geoffrey Basset, ' Frixtone ' must be Strixton in Higham Ferrers
Hundred or Faxton in Orlingbury Hundred, but the connexion of the Bassets with
either does not appear. Richard Basset was his father's heir by a previous wife.
3 Hugh Gulafre held three knight's fees of William de Courcy in 1166 (Red Book,
p. 224). The family held in Adston (where Herbert Gulafre was a benefactor to
Ashby Canons Priory) and Green's Norton (Testa, p. 37). See their pedigree in
' Baker's Northamptonshire ' (n, 22). The Golafres held in Blakestey (' Blakewell '),
in Norton Hundred, of Margaret ' de Ripariis,' the heir of Courcy (Testa, pp. 23, 34),
and her heirs (Feudal Aids, iv, 15). Adston (in Canons Ashby) was also in Norton
Hundred (ibid p. 21). In 1197 Juliane ' de Laigle ' (de Aquila] this was probably
her maiden name, for in earlier days Gilbert de Laigle had married Juliane, daughter
of the Count of Perche quitclaimed, as widow of Richard Gulafre, to Hugh Gulafre
two-thirds of a fee which she claimed as dower in Great Blakesley (' Blacculveslee '),
and to Geoffrey Fitz Geoffrey a knight's fee in Little Blakesley, which she similarly
claimed as dower (Pipe Roll Society, Vol. xxiu, p. 69) . One of these two holdings
was that knight's fee there held of the Honour of Peverel of Nottingham (Red Book
pp. 183, 585), which represented the two hides held there by William Peverel in
DUO HUNDRED A DE BUTTON'.
Heres Gileberti de Monte et filius fuit in custodia Thome
filii Bernard!, cum .iiij. sororibus suis et terra sua, elapsis
.viij. annis, scilicet, postquam reddidit se in monasterio de
Einesham. Nunc autem heres est in custodia Galfridi filii
Petri cum terra sua, et .iij. sorores ejus et mater. Quarta
maritata est cuidam libero homini de feodo illo, per donationem
Thome filii Bernardi. Heres est .xv. annorum, et fuit nepos
Thome de Sancto Johanne et Johannis de Sancto Johanne
et Hugonis de Plugenet et Willelmi Fossard'. Terra ejus
valet annuatim de asiso redditu .iiij. /. et dim. et .vj. s.
et .v. d. ; et hunc redditum recepit Thomas filius Bernardi
dum habuit custodiam. Et cum rationabili instauramento,
scilicet, .ij. carrucarum et .c. ovium et .iiij. vaccarum et
.j. tauri et .iiij. suum et .j. verris, terra sua in Hwitefeld*
valeret .viij. /. et dim. et .v. d. ; et non sunt ibi modo
nisi due carruce de dicto instauramento. Johannes Clericus
qui tune fuit senescailus Thome filii Bernardi, tradidit villate
de Hwitefeld' .xl. hogastros ad festum Sancti Martini, et recepit
totidem 1 bonas matrices oves ad Pascha pro eis, injuste, cum agnis;
et preterea cepit .xvj. tinatas cervisie, quarum quelibet valebat
.ij. d., pro quibus nichil reddidit; et preter firmam cepit
.j. bovem, et Radulfus Morinus dim. m. de quodam
homine de villa. Custodes Thome filii Bernardi ceperunt intra
hos .viij. annos, .v. /. et dim. de villa preter firmam, et
.viij. s. injuste. 2
Alicia de Essex est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.lx. annorum, et est amita comitis Willelmi, et soror comitis
Albrici, et habet .ij. filios milites, et .j. filiam maritatam Johanni
constabulario Cestrie. Arenho quod est manerium ejus, quod
1 Toditem, MS.
2 This was a serjeanty. Whitfield (in the Hundred ;of King's Sutton) was held
by the service of training a brachet (hound) for the king (Testa, pp. 28, 38; Cal. of
Inq., i, No. 915, where the place is not specified). Gilbert and Humfrey ' de Monte,'
who are named in the Testa, were father and son (Bracton's Notebook, Case 436).
The church of Whitfield was given to Eynsham by Gilbert ' de Monte ' (Cartulary of
Eynsham (i, 68, 101), doubtless, as Mr Salter suggests (ibid), when he entered the
monastery. John de St John, of Stanton St John, mentions in a charter his deceased
brother, Thomas, and his nephews, Gilbert ' de Monte ' and Philip, his brother
(ibid i, 118, 130). The Pipe Rolls show Hugh de Plugenoi in possession of Terra
dates at Headington, Oxon, and a charter of his (ibid, i, 125) mentions his son and
heir, Alan. He is named early in the reign on the Pipe Rolls as in attendance on the
king's son, Henry. William Fossard was a considerable tenant in chief (Red Book,
pp. 407-408) . Thomas Fitz Bernard was recently deceased. Ralf Morin had replaced
him as sheriff.
etiam tenet de comite Willelmo, valet annuatim .xxx. /.,
cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .iiij. carrucis et .cccc. ovibus
et cum .vj. suibus et .vij. hogastris; sed quia .ccc. oves
deficiunt, terra non valet nisi .xxvij. I. 1
Terra que fuit Hamonis Meinfelin' in Tanford', est seisita in
manum Domini Regis; sed nichil inde captum fuit postquam
fuit in manum Domini Regis, et valet annuatim .viij. /. cum
rationabili instauramento. 2 3
HIC EST ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS ET PUELLIS QUE
SUNT DE DONATIONE DOMINI REGIS IN BEDEFORD-
SIRE ET DE PUERIS; ET DE BUKINGHAMSIRE.
PRIMO DE BEDEF' ET POSTEA DE BUKINGH'.
DEMUM DE HUNTEDUN'SIRE.
HUNDREDUM DE BEREFORD.
Alda que est filia Hugonis de Bellocampo et fuit uxor
Willelmi Maubanc, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.xxx. annorum; et habet .iiij. filias, quarum primogenita est
1 Alice of Essex will be dealt with under Essex, where she will recur. For her
tenure of Aynho under (her nephew) William (de Mandeville) Earl of Essex, see
Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 390, where is given the reference to his charter granting to
her Aynho in free dower over and above that given her by her husband (dominus)
Roger Fitz Richard (of Warkworth), by whom she was ancestress of the Claverings.
Her daughter married John (Fitz Eustace), Constable of Chester, who died on crusade
with Richard I in 1190, leaving a son, Roger de Lacy, Constable of Chester.
* Norhant'sir'p. (appended in MS.).
3 Thenford was another of the demesne manors of the lord of Wolverton
(Bucks.) in the king's hands through the heir's minority.
.xvj. annorum, et in custodia Hugonis de Bellocampo. Cokes-
dune, quod est maritagium ejus, valet annuatim .ix. /.
Et cum .iij. carrucis et .c. ovibus et .v. vaccis et .j. tauro,
.v. suibus et .j. verre, valeret .xij. I. 1
HUNDREDUM DE WICSTANETRE.
Maria de Traili, que fuit uxor Gaufridi de Traili, est de
donatione Domini Regis, et est .xl. annorum, et fuit cognata
comitis Simonis. Walterus de Traili est filius ejus et heres,
et preter eum habet alium filium monachum, et .j. filiam mari-
tatam, et aliam monialem. Terra sua, scilicet Northgile, valet
annuatim .xiiij. I. 2
HUNDREDUM DE CLIFTON'.
Matillis de Kaineto est in donatione Domini Regis, et habet
.ij. filios. Primogenitus est .xviij. annorum, alter .xij. Terra
sua in Kamelton' valet .vij. /. annuatim. 3
Petrus filius Roberti de Suriue est in custodia Willelmi
Comitis per dominum Regem, et est .xv. annorum, et habet
1 ' Cokesdune ' (in Barford Hundred) is Roxton, the ' Rochesdon ' of Domesday,
when it was held by William ' Spech.' From him it descended to the Traillis, as his
coheirs, under whom it was held by the Beauchamps of Eaton Socon (Feudal Aids,
I, 6). Hugh de Beauchamp of Eaton, the lady's father, went on pilgrimage a year
after this and fell, the following year, at the fatal battle of Hittin (July 4, 1187).
The Maubancs are well known as Palatinate barons of Chester. William ' Malbanc '
was amerced ten marcs for a ' default ' in Beds in 1176 (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II,
p. 20), but seems to have died about that time (Ibid, 25 Hen. II, p. 98) . Cf. Genealogist
[N.S.] vi, 193.
2 Northill (in Wixamtree Hundred), the ' Nortgivele ' of Domesday, had simi-
larly descended from ' Spech ' to Trailli. Geoffrey, the father, had been amerced 100
marcs for a forest offence in 1176 (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II, p. 22) ; Walter, the son, held
the barony, which was of nine fees (Testa, p. 248), under Richard I and John. Earl
Simon was the Earl of Northampton.
3 ' Gamelton Matildis de Caisneto ' is amerced for a forest offence in 1176-1177 (Pipe
Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 160, cf. 22 Hen. II, p. 24). Maud de Chesney (de Kaisneto) is
recorded, under Oxfordshire, on the Pipe Roll of the previous year (30 Hen. II,
p. 72) to have given no less than 200 for possession of her land and wardship of
her son's land. She is dealt with in Mr Salter's valuable excursus on ' The Family
of Chesney' (Cartulary of Eynsham, I, 422-423), where it is shown that her husband
was Henry FitzGerold, and her two sons Warine and Henry FitzGerold, of whom
the latter succeeded her at Campton (' Kameltone '). It is further pointed out
that this was a Giffard fee, and that Maud gave tithe from her demesne at Campton
to the Giffard foundation at Newington Longville. It was held (as Chambeltone '
of Giffard by Ralf de Langetot in 1086 (Domesday). One may add that the Pipe
Rolls show that Henry FitzGerold was succeeded by his son Warine in 1 178 (Pipe Roll,
24 Hen. II, p. xxii), which somewhat complicates matters.
ij. hidas terre in Wimedune, quas Wischardus Leddet tenet
per Willelmum Comitem. Et dicta terra valet annuatim .xl. s.
Et cum instauramento .j. carruce et .xl. ovium et .iiij. vac-
carum et .ij. suum valeret terra .iiij. m. per annum. 1
HUNDREDUM DE BEKELESWAD'.
Gaufridus filius Roberti Camerarii fuit et est in custodia
Gaufridi filii Azonis cum tribus sororibus et fratre suo. Pre-
dictus Gaufridus habet 2 annos etatis. Duniton', villa
predicti Gaufridi, valet annuatim .xv. /. cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .xij. bobus et .iiij. averis et .j. vitulo,
.iiij. suibus et .j. verre, .iiij. xx ovibus duabus minus. Hoc
instauramentum receperunt homines de predicta villa quando
receperunt villam ad firmam a Gaufrido filio Azonis. Predictus
Gaufridus filius Azonis cepit preter firmam, postquam habuit
custodiam, de releviis et aliis exitibus, .xiij. /. et .x. s. 3
HUNDREDUM DE FLETE.
Beatricia que fuit uxor Ricardi Gubiun, est de donatione
Domini Regis, sicut creditur, quia habet dotem suam in Nor-
hamt'; et ipsa est .xl. annorum, et eo amplius, et habet
1 ' Wimedune ' is an erroneous form of ' Wimentone,' i.e. Wimmington in Willey
Hundred, though the hundredal heading is here omitted. Robert and Peter de
Surive are found successively in the Red Book as holding half a fee in Beds or Bucks,
but it is there stated to be of the Honour of Peverel of Dover, which is not ex-
plained. The identity of the manor in the text is proved by a grant, during pleasure,
13 Sept. 1215 (17 John) of the " terram que fuit Petri de Surive in Wymentone '
(Rot. Litt. Claus., i, 228), and a further grant of the same Peter's land 'in Wymin-
tone ' subsequently (Ibid, u, 6). Earl William was the Earl of Essex.
2 Number omitted in MS.
3 This was the Manor of ' Dunton Chamberlain ' in Dunton, so named from
this family. Fifteen years later (3 April 1200) John granted to William Briwerre
' custodiam et maritagium heredis Gaufridi Camerarii cum tota hereditate et jure
suo" (Rot. Chart., I , p. 48), and in 1216 William was given "plenam. saisinam de
villa de Duntone que fuit Roberti Camerarii qui mortuus est, et est de feodo ipsius
Willelmi quam dominus Rex ei concessit, quamdiu ei placuerit' (Rot. Litt. Claus, I,
279). In 1229 there was a ' mort d'ancestor ' suit between Geoffrey Chamberlain and
William Briwerre for two carucates in Dunton (Cal. of Pat. Rolls, 1225-1232, p. 308).
An entry in the Testa (p. 243) alleges that Geoffrey Camerarius held here of William
Briwerre by serjeanty.
Geoffrey FitzAzo was a royal officer who was at this time (1179-1189) sheriff of
.vij. filios et .vj. filias. Ipsa habet in hundredo de Flete de
feodo Simonis de Bellocampo .xviij. libratas terre. 1
HUNDREDUM DE MANESHEVE.
Matillis Malaherba est in donatione Domini Regis et est
.xl. annorum; et filium heredem militem habet, et preter eum
filios et filias, et nescitur a juratoribus quot. Medietas ville
de Hoccliue, que est maritagium suum, quam tenet de Roberto
Malherbe fratre suo, valet annuatim .iiij. /. et .xv. s.
et .iiij. d.y cum .j. carruca que est ibi; et si appone-
rentur .c. oves, valeret .c. et .xv. s. et .iiij. d. z
Chalgraue, que fuit hereditas Rogeri le Lohereng', post mortem
ejus fuit in manu Philippi de Windesor' .v. annis et dim.
pro .c. et .iij. m., quas dictus Philippus dedit Simoni de
Bellocampo, scilicet domino feodi, ut haberet custodiam dicte
terre cum heredibus Rogeri. .Xviij. annis post mortem Philippi
Amaurius suscepit eandem custodiam per Dominum Regem ad
1 In this Hundred the Gubiuns held of the Beauchamp fief two knight's fees in
Higham Gobion, Streatley, Faldo and Sharpenhoe (Testa, p. 249). Richard Gubiun
had been amerced 100 for a forest offence in 1176 (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II, p. 22).
The date of his death can be determined from the Pipe Rolls of 1181 and 1182,
or he accounts on the former (27 Hen. II, p. 125) for licentia concordandi with
Robert Malherbe, while the balance due is accounted for, next year (28 Hen II,
p. 118), by his widow (uxor). The jurors of this Hundred think that she is in the
gift of the King, but are not sure, because she has her dower ' in Northampton.' The
Gobiuns held two carucates of land ' in the suburb ' of Northampton in capite for two
shillings a year (CaL of Inq., II, No. 115). Dower was claimed in them in 1231
(Cal. Close Rolls, 1227-1231, p. 602; cf. Bracton's Notebook, Case 518).
2 The Malherbes held Hockliffe of the Beauchamps of Bedford (Testa, p. 249),
of whom Robert Malherbe was holding in 1166 (Red Book, p. 321). In 1172 he ac-
counted under Beds and Bucks, for no less than 100 ' pro festinando recto versus
Nicholaum de Manna (rectius Mauna, i.e. Maund Whitchurch in Bodenham, Here!)
de hereditate sua in Normannia et Anglia ' (Pipe Roll, 18 Hen. II, p. 53), which
he paid off in instalments (ibid. 30 Hen. II, p. 114). On the Pipe Roll of 1187 (Red
Book, p. 64) he and Brian de ' Magene ' (i.e. ' Maune ') are found holding portions
of a knight's fee in Dorset or Somerset. The place is not mentioned, but it was
Caundle Sturton, in which his own quarter of a fee (Testa, p. 164) was held in
chief and became the manor of Caundle Malherbe.
Maud Malherbe is here entered under her maiden name, but, as she had a son
and heir, she must have been married. This moiety of the manor, which was her
maritagium, was probably the origin of that ' second Hockcliffe manor ... of which
the origin is doubtful ' (V.C.H. Beds, m, 384).
eundem terminum, et jam tenuit per .ij. annos et dim.
Petrus, heres predict! Rogeri, erit .xij. annorum ad proximum
Pascha. Villa predicta cum pertinenciis valet .xxij. /. et
.v. s., cum instauramento quod ibi est. Domina Akina
habet inter .x. libratas. Preterea Willelmus Lohareng' reddit
manerio .j. sprevarium sorum. Et Willelmus filius Hugonis,
.j. libram piperis. Et si .iij..c. oves apponerentur, redditus
manerii posset crescere in .lx. s. 1
BUKINGHAMSIRE. ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS ET
PUELLIS QUE SUNT DE DONATIONE DOMINI REGIS,
ET DE PUERIS QUI SUNT IN EJUS CUSTODIA, IN
HUNDREDUM DE COTESLAWE.
Filia Walter! de Bolebec, que fuit .ix. annorum a festo Sancti
Michaelis, fuit in custodia comitis Albrici post inicium Quad-
ragesime. Terra sua de Hwitchirche que est de feodo Walter!
de Bolebec, fuit in custodia Reginald! de Curtenei .ix. annis
elapsis a festo Sancti Johannis; et valet annuatim .xx. /.,
sine auxiliis et dominio et gardina cum hoc instauramento,
scilicet, .iij. carrucis et .j. verre et .v. suibus et .xxj. purcello. 2
1 Chalgrave is in Manshead Hundred, but the name of the manor has been here
erroneously prefixed as a heading. Roger ' Loerenc ' was returned in 1 166 as holding
three and one-fifth fees of Simon de Beauchamp (Red Book, p. 320) , of whom the family
also held other manors. Peter ' le Loereng ' is the tenant here in the Testa (p. 249).
The well-known Albert ' Lothariensis' held Chalgrave and three other Bedfordshire
manors in capite in 1086 (Domesday). The '.xviij. annis ' should probably be read
with the preceding words as 'for 18 years.' ' Post mortem ' must begin a fresh
* This is the first of three entries relating to manors which had been held by
Walter de Bolebec, and to his daughter and heir, whose age is variously given as nine
and as ten. The pedigree and heirship of the Bolebecs are dealt with in the Intro-
duction, where it is shown that their holdings included twenty knights' fees on the
Giffard fief. Among these was Whitchurch, which was held (as ' Wicherce ') by
Walter Giffard in 1086 (Domesday). It should be observed that the heiress was
not in the same custody as her lands.
HUNDREDUM DE STOKES.
Willelmus de Windesor', filius Willelmi de Windesor' senioris,
est in custodia Domini Regis. Et per eum est et fuit in
custodia Hawis de Windesor' matris sue, per .ix. annos, cum
terra sua, scilicet, Horton' et Eton'. Predictus Willelmus est
.xviij. annorum. Horton' valet annuatim .xiiij. /., cum
hoc instauramento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis de .xvij. bobus, et
.iiij. averis, .v. suibus, .j. verre, .v. vaccis et .j. tauro. Eton'
valet annuatim .x. /., cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.j. carruca de .viij. bobus et .j. avero et .ij. vaccis. 1
Hawis de Windesor' est de donatione Domini Regis, et
preter heredem suum prenominatum, habet .vij. filias; quarum
.ij. sunt in transmarinis partibus, .ij. sunt moniales, .iij. sunt
in donatione Domini Regis. Etas dicte domine ignoratur a
juratoribus, quia nata fuit in transmarinis partibus. 1
Tres filie Stephani Forestarii sunt in donatione Domini Regis
in villa de Houre. Galfridus de Bosco habet matrem illarum
et illas sorores in custodia cum dimidia virgata terre que est
hereditas illarum in villa de Heuere, per Thomam Basset:
et defendit illam dimidiam virgatam terre per servicium militis
quantum pertinet ad dimidiam virgatam terre; et valet dicta
terra dim. m*
1 This is the first of four entries relating to William de Windsor junior and his
mother. William de Windsor, his father, had made his return, in 1166, of the
barony (Red Book, pp. 315-316) which he inherited from his Domesday ancestor,
Walter Fitz Oter, and which included Horton and Eton as demesne manors. For
the ' fine ' dividing this barony (and mentioning Horton and Eton) in 1198 see
Pipe Roll Soc. Vol. xxm, No. 151.
For Hawise see also the last entry on the Rotuli, where her daughters are given
as six. It can be demonstrated with some certainty that her husband had died
in 1175-1176. For the Pipe Roll of (Mich.) 1175 (21 Hen. II, pp. 51, 56) shows him
owing 19. 18. 4. for scutage and 76. 4. 7. of arrears as ' farmer ' of Berkhamp-
stead, while that of (Mich.) 1176 (22 Hen. II, pp. 18, 25) shows 18. of the former
sum and the whole of the latter remitted to Hawise, clearly as his widow (uxor).
It will be observed that the '.ix. annos ' of the entry would, if the date of the return
is 1185, take us back to the summer of 1176.
* The manor of Iver (' Heure ') was held by the Claverings of the Honour of
Wallingford. Of this minute holding by serjeanty there seems to be no trace.
[Rot. 4. d.]
HUNDREDUM DE RUELAUE.
Filia Walter! de Burton' est de donatione Domini Regis, et
tenet dimidiam hidam terre in Burton', quam pater suus tenuit
per serianteriam Dispensarie; et ipsa est .x. annorum. 1
HUNDREDUM DE DUSTEBERGE.
In Wicumba, terra que fuit Ginant fuit in manu Domini
Regis cum Elia filio et herede ipsius, et .ij. filiabus ejusdem
hiis .viij. annis; et heres ipsius est .xvij. annorum, et .j. filia
.xviij. annorum, et altera .xiiij. Dicta terra cum herede fuit
in custodia Alexandri Medarii .viij. annis per Dominum Regem;
et terra sine instauramento valet .iij. m., quas dictus Alexander
annuatim recepit. Et cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.viij. bobus, .ij. averis, .ij. vaccis et .lx. ovibus
et .vj. porcis, valeret annuatim .v. m.; et terra non potest
plus instauramenti pati, et defendit se pro quinta parte militis.
Et preterea tenet heres .j. virgatam terre de feodo Wicumbie
pro .vij. s., et .j. acram pro .ij. s. et .iij. d., que valet
amplius .xiij. d. annuatim. Hiis .viij. annis cepit dictus
Alexander de dicta terra .iiij. m. de proficuo. 2
Marginal note : d.
Filius Angoti filii Anketilli de Wicumbe, qui est .xiij. an-
norum, est in custodia Domini Regis, et per eum in custodia
Matildis matris sue per finem quam fecit cum Domino Rege
pro .xl. m. Et habet dictus heres, scilicet Robertus, .iij. fratres
et .iiij. sorores, quarum primogenita est .xvj. annorum. Terra
sua in Wicumb', que se defendit pro feodo dimidii militis,
valet annuatim .c. s., cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.ij. carrucis de .xij. bobus, et .iiij. averis et .ij. juvenculis
1 This is another small serjeanty of which there seems to be no trace. It is entered
again rather more fully below.
* This is one of those entries that makes one wonder whether the term of eight
years has not a special meaning. For Ginant 's land at Wycombe had come into
the King's hands so far back as 1170-1171 (Pipe Roll, 17 Hen. II, p. 62), when
Thomas of Wycombe had bought his widow and the wardship of his children for
two marcs. Elias his son appears in a Hunts fine of 9 John (Turner's Calendar of
Hunt. Fines, p. 3) as ' Elias films Ginant ' and in the Red Book (pp. 137, 600),
wrongly, as Elias ' de Ginant ' (or ' Glinont ') holding one-fifth of a fee of the Honour
of Wallingford, which, we learn from the Testa, in the case of his successor, William
Ginant, was in Wycombe. He is the William ' Gumout ' of the Testa (p. 114).
et .iiij. xx ovibus et .ij. equis; nee potest plus instauramenti
pati nee plus terra valere. Preterea films films 1 Angoti habet molen-
dinum quod pertinet ad feodum de Wicumba, de quo solvit
.xxx. s., et .iij. acras et dimidiam de burgagio, unde solvit
.vj. s. et dimidium. Et superplussagium valet ei .ij. s. et .vj. d. 2
Matildis uxor dicti Angoti est .xxx. annorum et fuit filia
Roberti de Hauechford'; et tenet quandam terram de Roberto
de Rotomago, de qua reddit .xxviij. d., et valet preterea
annuatim .xv. s. 3
In Wicumba uxor Rogeri Pinel, que est .xxv. annorum, et
fuit filia Jordani de Ratdene, est in donatione Domini Regis;
nee habet aliquam prolem, et habet terciam partem dimidie
hide terre in dote.
Basilia, que fuit uxor David Pinel fratris dicti Rogeri, et
est .xviij. annorum, et fuit filia Roberti Tailard' de Merlawe,
est in donatione Domini Regis; et habet .ij. partes dicte
dimidie hide terre, cum pueris suis, scilicet, .j. filio et .j. filia,
qui sunt in custodia matris . . . 4 per Gilebertum Basset; et
est films .iij. annorum, filia .ij. annorum. Dicta dimidia
hida duarum viduarum valet annuatim .xxx. s., cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .viij. bobus et .ij. averis et .1. ovibus
et .vj. porcis. Preterea dicte vidue tenent .j. virgatam terre
de Gileberto Pipart, pro .j. hospitio per annum. Preterea,
heres David tenet .j. acram terre, de Thoma de Sancto
Johanne, de qua solvit .ij. s. per annum, et valet sibi preterea
.xxxij. d. per annum; et dimidiam acram tenet de burgo
pro .xij. d., de qua recipit preterea .ij. s. Rogerus
Pinel obiit elapsis .v. annis a Pascha, et David elapso .j. anno,
et postea vixerunt vidue vix de exitibus predicte terre. 6
1 Sic in MS.
2 Anketil ' de Wicumbe ' was returned, in 1166, as holding half a fee of the Honour
of Wallingford (Red Book, p. 310). Robert, the heir, must have been succeeded
by a brother, Geoffrey, for ' Galfridus filius Angod ' appears temp. John as holding
this half fee (ibid. p. 599). It passed to his heirs (Testa, p. 261). The burgage
holding should be noted.
3 Her acquisition of her son's wardship was quite recent, for it is only recorded
on the Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 140), where, as the widow (uxor) of
Angot de Wicumbe she accounts for the said forty marcs for the wardship of her
son and his land. The Rouen family held one-fifth fee in Wycombe.
* Illegible in MS.
5 The Pinels were only freeholders at Wycumbe in 1166 (Red Book, p. 310), but
under John Warin Pinel held a fifth of a fee there (ibid. p. 599). It is evident, from
the entries in the text that Roger Pinel, leaving a widow but no children, had been
succeeded by his brother David, who had died a year before the Rotulus, leaving a
widow and children. As the whole family holding was only half a hide, of which
each widow was entitled to a third, as dower, there was, obviously, no surplus left
for the Crown. For Gilbert Pipart, see p. 42, note 2.
Willelmus qui fuit filius Willelmi de Noers filii Hugonis, est
.xviij. annorum, et in custodia Henrici de Pinkeni, cujus filiam
desponsavit per Dominum Regem elapsis jam .iiij. annis. Terra
sua in Messedena valet annuatim .xv. /. cum hoc instaura-
mento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis, .c. ovibus, .v vaccis, .j. tauro,
.xx. porcis. Henricus cepit de villa postquam habuit earn, .xxxviii. /.
et .xiiij. s. de redditibus, de dono hominum .xij. m., de placitis
.iiij. m., de nemore .iij. m. 1
Filius Roberti Mantelli, qui est .x. annorum, est in custodia
Domini Regis et habet dimidiam hidam terre in Messeden', que
est in custodia Roberti de Sawcia, et valet annuatim .xx. s.
Filius Roberti Mantell' habet .ij. fratres et .j. sororem. 2
HUNDREDUM DE STANES.
Agnes de Muntchenesy est de donatione Domini Regis, et
villa sua de Dunton' valet annuatim .xxij. /. cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .iij. carrucis, .cc. ovibus, .iiij. vaccis,
.j. tauro, .iiij. suibus et .j. verre. 3
HUNDREDUM DE SEGGEL'.
Hamo filius Hamonis filii Meinfelin', cujus pater obiit die
Veneris ante Ascensionem, est in custodia Domini Regis et
est .xx. annorum, et habet tres sorores datas, et .j. monialem;
1 This is one of the Giffard fees, of which the Crown had the wardship owing to
the earl's fief being then in its hands. Hugh de Noers witnessed a charter of the
earl circ. 1150 (Cal. of docs, in France, p. 76) and had held one fee of Giffard in 1166
(Red Book, p. 312). Joan ' de Nodariis ' was holding this fee in Missenden in 1236
(Testa, p. 259). The entry in the text proves the pedigree for the three generations.
Henry de ' Pinkeni,' who had secured the heir, when he was only fourteen, as a
husband for his daughter, was a Northamptonshire baron with lands in Bucks,
whose fief had been held by his father Gilbert in 1166 (Red Book, p. 317).
2 This was a serjeanty tenure. The Mantells held in Little Missenden by napery
service (see for it The King's Serjeants, p. 225). Walter Mantell was the holder
under John. Robert 'de Salceio' occurs, under Northants, on the Pipe Roll of 1178
(24 Hen. II, p. 51). As Robert ' de Salceto ' he held of the Honour of Peverel of
Nottingham in Northants (Red Book, pp. 532, 585). He had accounted in 1183
for five marcs for the wardship of Robert Mantel's son with his land (Pipe Roll,
29 Hen. II, p. 82).
* Din ton (' Duntone ') was held by the Montchesneys (Testa, pp. 245, 260) as one
fee of their barony of Swanscombe (Feudal Aids, i, 97), which came to them through
this Agnes. She and her inheritance are dealt with under another entry. See also
Introduction, p. xli.
et duxit uxorem per preceptum Domini Regis, et est de pro-
genie comitis Warenn' ex parte patris, nepos Willelmi Mauduit
ex parte matris. Terra sua in Wulrinton' valet annuatim
.xxiij. /. cum dominio, sine placitis et tailagiis; cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .v. carrucis, .ccc. ovibus, .x. vaccis et
.j. tauro, .x. suibus et j. verre; sed non est ibi aliquod
instauramentum nisi .j. vacca. 1
At the foot of the Roll: De Bedefordsire et Bukingh' et Roteland'. De Dominabus,
pueris et puellis.
SECUNDUS ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS ET PUELLIS ET
PUERIS DE BUKINGHAMSIRE, ET IN TERGO DE
ROTELAND', DEMUM DE HUNTEDONSIRE.
Matildis que fuit uxor Hamonis Meinfelin', que est .xlvi. an-
norum, est de donatione Domini Regis. Terra sua in Stokes
valet .vij. /. et .x. s. ; et si esset bene instaurata, posset
valere .x. /. 2
Filius Willelmi de Chauz, qui est .xv. annorum, est in cus-
todia Domini Regis, et per eum in custodia Gaufridi filii
Petri, elapsis .ij. annis: et terra sua in Etton' valet .ix. /.
cum hoc instauramento, scilicet .iij. carrucis, .ij. vaccis,
1 Wolverton (' Wulrintone ') was the caput of a barony of fifteen fees (Red Book,
p. 314), which had descended to Hamon Fitz Meinfelin from his Breton ancestor,
the Domesday holder. It had recently come into the King's hands for a brief
minority and the sheriff accounts on the Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 131),
for 10. 18. 1. as the issues from its lands within his bailiwick. This entry supplies
the clue to the descent of Fyfield, Hants, which is first found in the possession of
the Mauduits and then in that of the lords of Wolverton. It was evidently the
maritagium of the young heir's mother.
1 Stoke Hamond, in the same Hundred, was the dower, evidently, of the baron's
widow and took its suffix from the family. Maud, as we learn from the previous
entry, was a sister of William Mauduit, the Chamberlain (of the Exchequer), a
baron who was at this time sheriff of Rutland.
.ij. suibus et .xx. ovibus; et si essent ibi quarta carruca et
.iij. vacce et .j. taurus, et .iij. sues et .j. verris et
.iiij. xx oves, terra valeret .xj. /. et .x. s. 1
HUNDREDUM DE BULENHAM.
Burnham, que est terra Willelmi de Windesor', et fuit in
custodia matris sue .ix. annis, valet annuatim .xx. /. cum
hoc instauramento, scilicet, .iij. carrucis, .c. ovibus, .iij. averis,
.vj. suibus. 2
Chelhunte, que est terra Hamonis filii Hamonis Meinfelin', valet
annuatim .x. /. et dim. m. de asiso redditu, et .viij. summis
avene et dimidia. 3
Cestresham, que fuit Walteri de Bolebec, fuit jam .x. annis
in custodia Reginaldi de Curten', cum filia predict! Walteri,
et valet annuatim .xxx. J. 4
HUNDREDUM DE MULESHOE.
Emme de Langetot, que est .Ix. annorum, est de donatione
Domini Regis, de genere illorum de Chedney' et Joscelini
1 This is a peculiarly difficult entry, for neither in the Testa nor the Red Book
can William be traced, while this ' Ettone ' (Water Eaton) is not found in the
index to the latter. Nor does the Calendar of Inquisitions assist. Moreover, the
confusion between the names of Chauz (Cauz, Chalz, etc.) and Sourches (Chaourches,
Chahorcie, Cahorcie, etc.), as in Red Book, p. 1136, increases the difficulty
(cf. The King's Serjeants, pp. 291-293).
The clue is found in an entry on the Pipe Roll of 1176 (22 Hen. II, p. 177), under
Wiltshire: ' Willelmus de Calz debet .j. m. pro defalta de Eston. Sed debet requiri in
Bukinghamsr'.' It is easy to trace this Wiltshire manor as held by the ' Chauz '
family (Testa, pp. 148, 149; Red Book, p. 486), especially by Roger de 'Cauz' under
John, by falconer service. He also held by the same service at Shalbourne, Berks
(Red Book and Testa), and so we finally trace him holding, also by falconer service,
at ' Etone,' Bucks (Red Book, p. 537, but unindexed). We can thus reconstruct
a serjeanty in three counties, which this entry enables us, with the Pipe Rolls, to
carry back to 1176 at least. In the following century it had passed into the hands
of the Grey family, of whom Reginald de Grey was holding ' Etton ' by falconer
service a century after the date of this entry (Feudal Aids, I, 80).
1 Burnham was another of the demesne manors of the Windsor Barony (see p. 35,
above). The nine years during which the heir's mother had had charge of it take
us back to the date of his father's death, which, we saw above, took place in 1 1 75-1 1 76.
This further proves our record to be of 1185, not 1186.
a Chalfont (St. Giles) was another demesne manor of the Wolverton barony
(seep. 39, above).
4 For the wardship of this heiress see p. 34, above. The place was Chesham, which
Domesday shows us in the hands of Hugh de Bolebec and which descended from the
Bolebecs to the earls of Oxford, of whom Earl Hugh died holding it in 1263 (Cal. of
Inq.,1, p. 185).
Crispin!. Terra sua in Mulesohe valet .xiiij. /. per annum;
et si apponerentur .c. oves, valeret .xv. /. Heredes ejus
sunt uxor Alani de Dunstanuill', que est .xxx. annorum, et
uxor Alardi filii Willelmi, que est .xxiiij. annorum. 1
1 This is a difficult, but important, entry which deserves investigation. Moulsoe
was one of the Giffard fees which had come into the King's hands on the earl's
death, and which, it is important to note, is found, under Henry III, in the hands
of Fulk de Cowdray (Testa, pp. 247, 259, 261). But the identity of Emma de Lange-
tot is the problem. It will be observed that one of her heirs was the wife of Alard
Fitz William. Now Alard's wife brought him in marriage the manor of ' Gathan-
thune ' (Testa, p. 115), i.e. Gethampton, Oxon, held as a knight's fee of the Honour
of Wallingford, the ' Gadinton' held by Milo Crespin in 1086. King John reduced
the service to one-fifth of a fee (ibid.}. It was clearly the ' Sathampton ' held in the
early years of Henry III by ' Cecilia de Lambecot ' (Testa, p. 107), which I take
to be a blunder of the text for ' Langetot.' Cecily was, I hold, the widow of Alard
Fitz William, mentioned as his wife in our entry. Subsequently it is found in the
hands of Fulk de Cowdray (Testa, pp. 112, 113), who was also holding, when he died,
Moulsoe and Alard Fitz William's serjeanty at Padworth, Berks. (Cal. of Inq., I, No.
230). We may, therefore, infer that Moulsoe and Gethampton descended together
from Emma to the wife of Alard FitzWilliam.
The Rev. H. Salter informs me that a charter of Henry II (among the Bodleian
Oxfordshire charters), which he dates 1173-1182, confirms to Goring Priory the gifts
of a hide of land in Gethampton by Cecily de Langetot and of the church of Moulsoe
' ex dono Galfridi filii Willelmi et Emme de Langetot.' These gifts bring together
the two manors which came to the Cowdrays. A charter of 26 May 1225 (9 Henry III)
grants the wardship of the lands and heirs of Cecily de Langetot ' que fuit uxor
Baldewini de Coldray ' and speaks of the ' custodiam terre que fuit uxoris Magistri
Alardi filii Willelmi avie predictorum heredum ' (Rot. Chart.}.
Turning to Alan de Dunstanville's wife, the other heir named in the entry,
Mr. H. J. Ellis informs me that she was Muriel ' de Langetot,' daughter and heir of
Emma de Langetot by Geoffrey Fitz William. Now Geoffrey Fitz William was
the greatest tenant on the Giffard fief, of which he held 27 knight's fees in 1166
(Red Book, p. 312). The Pipe Rolls prove that from 1165 when the fief came into
the King's hands (Pipe Roll, 11 Hen. II, p. 25) to 1179 inclusive (ibid. 25 Hen. II,
p. 79) Geoffrey farmed the ' Honour,' that in 1180 it was accounted for on behalf
of his widow (ibid. 26 Hen. II, p. 46), and that thenceforth it was farmed by (their
son-in-law) Alan de Dunstanville, evidently as Geoffrey's successor. This leaves
the exact relationship of the two heirs mentioned somewhat in doubt, but the
Moulsoe of the entry was probably held in Emma's own right, as she is joined with
(her husband) Geoffrey in the gift of the church.
Gethampton was a ' Wallingford ' manor, and in 1166 Ralf de Langetot held
one fee of the Honour (Red Book, p. 309), which has to be combined with the fact
that a Ralf de Langetot held of Milo Crispin in 1086. Mr. Salter has discussed the
connexion of Chesney and Langetot in the Cartulary of Eynsham, I, 413-420, but
could only guess at Emma's parentage, which seems at present undetermined.
Jocelin Crispin was among the nobles who witnessed Duke Henry's charter at
Rouen in 1150-1151 (Cal. of docs, in France, p. 34) ; he made return of his knights in
Normandy in 1172 (Red Book, p. 637); he was holding office in the duchy in 1180
(Rot. Scacc. Norm., I, cxxii).
Emma will recur below as holding Easington and Singleborough in dower and
also, under Norfolk, as the holder of several Giffard fees.
Ida, que fuit uxor Willelmi de Schirinton', et filia Hugonis
de Bulli, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .lx. annorum,
et habet .iij. filios et .iij. filias; primogenitus est .xxx. an-
norum. Postquam Willelmus obiit, cepit Dominus Rex terrain
suam in Muleshoe, et tenuit in manu sua jam .v. annis; et
valet annuatim .vj. /. et .iij. s. et .vj. d. et .ij. anseres
et .iiij. capones; et si apponerentur .ij. carruce et dimidia,
et .c. oves et .v. vacce et .v. sues, valeret .x. I. Pars
Domine, que est sexta pars, valet .xxx. s.; et si apponeretur
dimidia carruca, valeret .xl. s. Preter redditum, cepit vice-
comes de dicta villa .Ixij. s. et .vij. d. 1
Marginal note: Hoc est, de custodiis.
Claricia, que fuit uxor Petri Morelli, est de donatione Domini
Regis, et est .xlv. annorum; et habet .j. hidam et dimidiam
in Crendon', de hereditate sua per servicium .j. militis,
ad custum Domini Regis. 2
Marginal note : d.
Filius Petri Morelli, et films predicte Claricie, est .xv. annorum
et in custodia Ricardi de Columbariis per Dominum Regem.
Terra sua in Edinggraue, quam tenet de Gilberto Pipart, valet
.xl. s. sine instauramento ; et si apponerentur .j. carruca
et .c. oves, valeret .iiij. /. Terra in Borkestall valet .x. s.,
que est de feodo Willelmi Basset, sine instauramento; et si
apponerentur dimidia carruca et .iij. sues et .j. verris, valeret .xx. s. 2
1 William de ' Serin tone ' made his return in 1166, under Bucks, as holding two
fees in capite (Red Book, p. 314), which were in Sherrington (Feudal Aids, i, 82, 104).
His successor was Richard de ' Scirintone,' who held them in 1190 (Red Book, p. 71).
In 1235-1236 they were already held by the Carun family (Testa, pp. 258-259, cf.
pp. 242, 262).
Sherrington, being in the hands of the sheriff, is accounted for on the Pipe Rolls. In
thatof 1184 (30 Hen. II, p. 1 19) he accounts for Q. 1. 8. ' de firma ' ; on that of 1185(31
Hen. II, p. 131) he accounts for 6. 14. 6. The intermediate valuation (6. 3. 6.) in the
text confirms my view that its date is intermediate between them.
8 The Morels held at Addingrove of the Bolebecs, who held of Giffard (Testa,
pp. 247, 258, 261; at Boarstall, we read, they held of the Bassets (who held of the
Honour of Wallingford) . Gilbert Pipard, like the Bassets, held largely of the
Honour of Wallingford (Red Book, p. 69, cf. p. 309), but his connexion with Addin-
grove does not appear. Probably, however, he was a mesne tenant between the
Morels and the Bolebecs, for a century later John FitzNigel was holding here of
Ralf Pipard, who held of the earl of Oxford, the Bolebecs' heir (Feudal Aids, i, 84).
What brought this wardship within the clutches of the Crown was, apparently,
the holding by Peter Morel's wife of a knight's fee in Long Crendon on the Giffard
fief, which is afterwards found in John Morel's hands (Testa, p. 247). The keeper
of the Giffard Honour accounted in 1179 for 1. 6. 8. ' de terra Claricie in Creendone
de hoc anno et de anno preterite,' but this amount was remitted to Clarice (Pipe
Roll, 25 Hen. II, p. 80).
This, probably, is why the heir is specially described as the son of his mother.
By a fine of 1197 Clarice released to John Morel all her right to dower in ' Eddin-
grave ' in consideration of a life annuity (Pipe Roll Soc. Vol. xxm, No. 93).
Filius Gileberti de Bolebec, qui est .xviij. annorum, et 1 in
custodia Willelmi de Charpunuill' per Dominum Regem. Terra
sua in Eia valet .x. /. ; et si apponerentur .vj. vacce, et
.j. taurus, .iiij. sues, .j. verris, .lx. oves, terra valeret .xj. /.
In eadem terra sunt .ij. domine, que sunt de donatione Do-
mini Regis, quarum .j. est .Ixx. annorum, et altera .xl. an-
norum, et habent duas partes dicte ville de Eia. Et Willelmus
de Jarpunuiir habuit jam .v. annis tertiam partem, cum herede,
et recepit preter firmam .iij. m. z 3
In villa de Burton' est quedam puella, filia Walteri de Burton',
de donatione Domini Regis, et est .x. annorum; et est heres
de dimidia hida terre, quam debet tenere de Rege per serian-
teriam Despensarie: et ipsa dimidia hida valet .xij. s. sine
instauramento, et cum instauramento valet .xix. s. Et puella
non habet in dominio nisi .j. virgatam, aliam tenet mater
ejus in dote, et quedam alia dominia. 45
HUNDREDUM DE BUNESTOWE.
Domina de Lateburia, que fuit uxor Johannis de Bidune,
et soror camerarii de Hameslepe, est in donatione Domini Regis.
Terra sua in Lateberia valet .vij. /.; et si esset instaurata,
valeret .viij. /. : et habet .iiij. filias maritatas; et .j. est mari-
Matildis Vis de Luw, que fuit filia Johannis de Bidune,
est in donatione Domini Regis, et habet .ij. hidas in dote,
2 " et habent ..... iij. m." is an addition.
3 Gilbert de Bolebec had made his return in 1166 as the holder of one fee in capite
(Red Book, p. 318) and had paid scutage thereon in 1172. It was evidently this
fee that was held by Herbert de Bolebec in 1212 (ibid. p. 536, but unindexed). A
Gilbert de Bolebec was holding it in 1236, when it is placed, as in the text, in Eye
(Testa, p. 259), i.e. Kingsey (Feudal Aids, I, 34). This case is a good instance of
the effect of legal dower, two-thirds of the land being held by two dowered widows.
William de Jarpenville was a well-known man as marshal of the hawks jure uxoris
(The King's Serjeants, p. 304). In 1190 he paid for licence to marry his daughter
to the above Herbert de Bolebec (Pipe Roll, 2 Ric. I), evidently the heir in the entry
in the text. In 1197 Richeut, one of the domina in the entry, released to Herbert
that third of the fee which she was holding in dower (Pipe Roll Soc., Vol. xx, No. 135.)
4 This is the small serjeanty spoken of above as eluding research among the usual
sources. The entry, like the preceding one, is an illustration of the effects of dower.
5 ? " domina."
6 Lathbury was a Bidune manor which appears in 1167 as ' Lateheria Johannis '
(Pipe Roll, 13 Hen. II, p. 107), that is, of John de Bidune. It is here held in dower
by Alice (Mauduit), John's widow. (See Introduction.)
que valent .xl. s.; et ipsa habet .3. filium, qui est cum Rege,
et ipse est .xxij. annorum. 1
Matillis de Cremedewelle, que [fuit] 2 filia Anfridi filii Rualdi,
et uxor Ricardi Albi, est in donatione Domini Regis: et terra
sua in dicta villa valet .1. s., cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.c. ovibus et .iiij. suibus et .j. verre; et ipsa est .1. annorum,
et habet .ij. filios, quorum primogenitus est .xxij. annorum;
et Rex reddidit ei terram suam, et preter eum habet .ix. filias. 3
Emme de Langetot habet Esinton' et Singelberge in dote,
et valent .x. /. ; et si apponerentur .c. oves, valerent .xj. /. ;
et sunt de feodo Roesie de Aubervill'. 4
Padeberia, que est terra Hamonis filii Hamonis filii Mein-
felini, valet .iij. /. et .xij. s. sine dominio; et dominium
valeret .iii. /. et .x. s., si esset instauratum; et modo valet
.XX. S. 5
Tunebrige, terra ejusdem, valet .iij. /. et .viij. sticas anguille
sine dominio; et si dominium esset fnstauratum, valeret .ij. /.
et .v. s.; et modo sine instauramento valet .x. s.*
Matillis, que fuit filia Roberti de Riblemunt, habet in
Bukingham .xx. acras terre in .j. campo, et .xx. in alio, cum
prato quod adjacet terre; et est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .Ixxx. annorum, et nullum habet heredem. Et defendit
terram suam per serianteriam eundi in servitio Regis infra
Angliam ad custum suum, et ultra mare ad custum Domini
Regis; et tota terra valet .xvj. s., et non potest plus valere. 7
1 The difficulty raised by this entry is that Maud, John's daughter, married
Geoffrey Fitz Geoffrey (see pedigree in Introduction). She may have married
a Vis-de-Lu previously and held this land in dower from that marriage; but the
land cannot be identified. The age of the son, moreover, raises a difficulty (see Intro-
duction p. xxxix).
2 Omitted in MS.
3 The place-name appears to be corrupt and to represent ' Crendewelle, ' i.e. Cran-
well. The father is found as a grantee of terra dates in Berkshire on the Pipe Roll of
1156 (2 Hen. II), and his son Alan son of Amfrid son of Ruald was a benefactor to
Wallingford Priory (Mon. Ang., m, 280), as was Richard ' Albus,' the husband of
Maud (Testa, p. 129). The above Alan is the Alan ' films Amfrei ' who appears on
the Pipe Rolls as holding considerable terra dates of the Honour of Wallingford (e.g.
Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. II, p. 165; 28 Hen. II, p. 121; 30 Hen. II, p. 57).
* Easington (one fee) and Singleborough (half a fee) were included in the Giffard fief
(Testa, pp. 247, 258, 261). As Emma is definitely stated to hold these lands in
dower, they must have belonged to her husband and should afford a clue to his
6 Padbury was a demesne manor of the Wolverton barony (see p. 39 above). It is
' Paddeberi Hamonis 'in 1167 (Pipe Roll, 13 Hen. II, p. 109).
Thornborough ('Tunebrige') was another of the lord of Wolverton's demesne
manors. It is ' Torneberga Hamonis 'in 1167 (ibid.}.
7 This small serjeanty seems to disappear, possibly owing to the fact that the
holder had no heir. It is chiefly remarkable as affording evidence of the two-field
system of cultivation at Buckingham in the twelfth century.
[Rot. 5. d.]
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS ET PUELLIS ET PUERIS
Roeis de Bussey, que fuit filia Baldewini filii Gileberti,
est in donatione Domini Regis, et est .lx. annorum. Terra
sua in Issendene valet .x. /. cum hoc instauramento, scilicet
.iij. carmcis, .c. ovibus, sed desunt .c. oves. Ipsa cepit
.x. m. de bosco suo infra hos .viij. annos, et .xx. 5. de
placea. Ipsa habet .ij. filias heredes, altera est uxor Hugonis
Wak, altera Johannis de Bulli. 1
Aliz de Bidune, soror Willelmi Mauduit, est de donatione
Domini Regis, et est .1. annorum. Terra sua in Morcote,
cum pertinenciis, valet per annum .x. /., cum .j. carruca que
ibi est. Jpsa habet .iiij. filias: primogenitam habet Hugo de
Clint' per Dominum Regem, secundam Milo de Bellocampo,
tertiam Ricardus de Bellocampo, quartam Gaufridus films Gau-
fridi. Preter firmam, cepit de terra sua post mortem mariti
sui, de auxilio, .xxiiij. s. 2
Aliz de Beaufow, que fuit uxor Thome de Beaufow, est
in donatione Domini Regis, que fuit filia Walerani de Oni
et neptis Alexandri filii Nigelli: est .xx. annorum, et habet
.j. filium heredem, qui est .ij. annorum. Terra sua in Seiton'
valet annuatim .viij. m., cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.ij. carrucis, .c. ovibus, .ij. averis, .v. suibus, .j. verre, et
.iiij. vaccis. De firma terre sue recepit ipsa hoc primo anno
quo fuit terra in manu sua, .xxxvj. s. et. .x. d. et .ij. libras
piperis; et preter firmam dederunt ei homines .iiij. s., et
.iij. summas avene. 3
1 Essendine appears in Domesday as part of the fief of which Bourne, Lines, was
the caput. As this fief came into the hands of Baldwin son of Gilbert (de Clare),
Essendine must have passed as a marriage portion to his daughter Roese. See
the long note on her inheritance on p. 11, above.
2 This is the widow of John de Bidune the elder (see pedigree in Introduction),
who has already appeared (p. 43), as ' the lady of Lathbury.' It should be observed
that the daughter, as yet unmarried, mentioned in the previous entry, is here
(wrongly) omitted. Morcott was one of the Mauduit manors appurtenant to Bar-
rowden (Cal. of Inq., in, p. 337; cf. Domesday, i, 219), so that Alice must have held
this land as a marriage-portion.
3 Seaton must be here held in dower, for it is found about a century later (1283)
in the hands of the Beaufous, who held it as half a fee of the barony of Rye (Cal. of
Inq., ii, 282). Ralf de Bella Fago (i.e. Beaufou) was holding of Hubert de Rye in
Rutland in 1166 (Red Book, p. 401).
This entry, together with that at the close of the Norfolk portion, proves that
the young widow of Thomas de Beaufou was a daughter of Waleran de Oiri by a
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS ET PUERIS DE HUNTE-
DUN'SIRE, ET PUELLIS.
HUNDREDUM DE LEITONESTED'.
Kenebolton', que fuit de feodo Willelmi de Say, fuit in
manu Domini Regis cum filiabus predict! Willelmi, et in cus-
todia Ricardi Rufi per .vij. annos. Et preterea ab Augusto
usque ad festum Omnium Sanctorum, et interim, recepit pre-
dictus Ricardus de predicta villa de asiso redditu .lv. /. et
.xv. 5. et .xj. d.; et de auxilio .iij. xx . /. et .iiij. /., et .xiij. s. et
.iiij. d.; et de forefactis, .Ixj. et .iiij. s. et .ix. d.; et de
franccis hominibus pro exitibus et fine placitorum, .xxiij. I.
et .xij. s. et .viij. d.; et de nemore quod vocatur La Haie,
.xv. I.; et de .j. vaccaria .x. s., de orreis .c. et .xxx. I.
Preterea ipse Ricardus duxit de curia dicte ville .xx. boves
et .v. vaccas et .iij. averos. Preterea de predicta Haia cepit
ipse .cc. et .xxij. quercus, quarum .xlij. dedit ubi voluit, et
de aliis fecit sibi fieri auiam et cameram in Leicestresire, et
de .Ixxx. fasciculis virgarum, quos cepit de predicto nemore.
Quando ipse cepit villam, ipsa valuit annuatim .xxxij. /.,
et modo valet .xl. /., cum instauramento .viij. carrucarum,
qualibet de .viij. bobus, et .ccc. ovibus, .x. ovibus, .j. tauro. 1
sister of Nigel Fitz Alexander (wrongly styled in this entry Alexander Fitz Nigel).
The Oiris were a Lincolnshire family, holding at Gedney, Holbeach, and elsewhere,
and Nigel Fitz Alexander was a rising official, whose name appears frequently on
the Potuli, and who had recently (Easter, 1185) become sheriff of Lincolnshire.
The Sempringham charters printed by Major Poynton prove that he used the
style ' de Ingoldesby ' in his charters and on his seal and that his father was Alex-
ander Fitz Osbert of Fulbeck (Genealogist [N.S.], xv, 222; xvi, 225-226). Osbert
Fitz Nigel, evidently his son, is found in the Testa holding both at Ingoldsby and at
Fulbeck. As Osbert son of Nigel ' de Ingoldeby ' he was party to two fines, in 1231
(Line. Final Concords, p. 231), concerning the churches of the family manors (includ-
ing Wensley, Yorks.).
x The great Kimbolton estate is styled an ' Honour ' in the Testa (pp. 249-250),
which records its dependencies in Beds. This entry of its issues and its stock
should be compared with that in the Testa (p. 358) at a later time. It had, evi-
dently, a court of importance, the Testa entry throwing light on the payments by
the free men here recorded. The wood of ' la Haie ' (a French name) recurs in 1337
as that of ' le Hay ' (Cal. of Inq., vm, p. 27).
This entry should be read in conjunction with that relating to Saham (Norfolk),
below (p. 49). Both had been held by William de Say and were in the charge of
Richard Ruffus during the minority of these two daughters. The words 'Et preterea
* . . Sanctorum ' should be read with the sentence preceding them.
Clemencia de Sancto Claro est in donatione Domini Regis,
et est .lx. annorum; et ipsa tenet Haut' de Willelmo de
Lanvalei, que valet annuatim .xx. /., cum instauramento .iiij.
carrucarum et .ccc. ovibus. 1
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS, PUERIS, ET PUELLIS DE
Alicia de Hemeford' tenet Hemeford' in dote de dono Gile-
berti Blundi; et modo valet .viij. /., et cum instauramento
.j. carmce et .c. ovium posset valere .x. /. Ipsa fuit filia
Ricardi de Colechirche, et est .xl. annorum, et tenet Hemeford'
de Huberto filio suo, qui est in custodia episcopi Eliensis,
et est .xx. annorum. 2
Agnes de Mundeuill' tenet Heilesdune et habet custodiam
filiorum 3 suorum per Dominum Regem; et Heilesdune est de
feodo Humfridi de Buhun, et valet modo .xviij. /., et cum
instauramento .cc. ovium, que possent ibi esse, villa valeret
.xx. /. Et ipsa est .1. annorum, et fuit filia Roberti Gresley,
et habet .iij. filios de Teodbaldo Hautein, et primogenitus est
.xv. annorum. 4
1 Clemence was the widow of Hubert de St Clair (see p. 66) and was holding in
dower. Their daughter Gonnor carried their holdings to William de Lanvalei.
2 We have here another instance of the strange errors in the Rotuli. Two later
entries under Norfolk carefully record Alice's son, Hubert ' Blundus ' (aged 20), as
son of William Blund, but this entry implies that his father's name was Gilbert, which
was that of (his father) William's father. Possibly, of course, it was the latter who
actually gave the dower, but the name of the giver in the Rotuli is usually that of
the husband, not of his father.
William 'de Colecherche' held half a fee in capite in 1 166 (Red Book, p. 400). Richard
will be dealt with below. Hainford (' Hemeford ') is in Taverham Hundred. Alice
here takes her surname from a manor which she only held in dower.
3 "filiam," MS.
* Agnes de ' Amundevilla ' had paid fifty marcs for having the custody of her
sons and their land (Pipe Roll, 29 Hen. II, p. 12). She must have married an
Amundeville as her second husband, for the father of her sons was Theobald Hautein,
and her own name was Gresle, as this entry proves. Her holdings on the Rotuli
are (1) ' Heilesdune ' (i.e. Hellesdon), of Humphrey de Bohun's ' fief ' ; (2) ' Hornedes '
of Humphrey's ' barony,' which she is stated to hold in dower. The great interest
of these holdings is that they were held in 1086 by an English thegn, Godwine ' Hal-
dein,' of whom Theobald ' Hautein,' in spite of his foreign-sounding name, must
have been the actual descendant (see Introduction).
48 NORFOLK 5 .
Cecilia de Buutorp est de donatione Domini Regis, que
.ij. viros habuit, scilicet, Hugonem de Scotcia et Ewstachium
de Leiham. De Hugone .iij. filios habuit, et de Ewstacio
.ij. filios et .ij. filias. Reginaldus, filius suus primogenitus et
heres, est .xxiiij. annorum, cujus pater Ewstacius fuit de
parentela comitis de Meuland', et consanguineus Roberti filii
Humfridi. Predicta Cecilia est de parentela comitis de Reduers,
et est .1. annorum. Ejus terra in Buutorp valet cum rationabili
instauramento, .viij. /. In eadem villa Rogerus de Ho tenet
quartam partem feodi .j. militis de eadem Cecilia, preter illas
.viij. /. Predictus Reginaldus filius suus uxorem habet, scilicet,
neptem vicecomitis Wimeri, quam, ut Wimer dicit, per Dominum
Regem habuit. 1
Filius Alberti Gresley est in custodia Domini Regis, et nunc
est cum Gilleberto Basset avunculo suo per Dominum Regem,
et est .xj. annorum. Villa de Tunstede, que fuit predict!
Albert!, est in custodia Nigelli filii Alexandri et Roberti de
Burrun, qui additis .c. ovibus, accreverunt firmam ville de
.xx. s. ; et est villa ad firmam pro .xx. /., nee posset amplius
extendi. Dicta villa fuit in manu Domini Regis jam per
.v. annos, et a festo Sancti Michaelis usque ad Purificationem
in custodia 1 Thome Basset; postea in custodia predictorum:
primis .ij. annis, reddidit terra de Tunstede .xix. /., postea
annuatim .xx. /. Dictus Albertus habuit .j. filium et .iij. filias. 3
Uxor que fuit Ricardi La Ueile qui obiit ad festum Sancti
Michaelis, est in donatione Domini Regis, et fuit filia Amfridi
Buteturte, et est .xxx. annorum. Terra sua in Haniges,
quam habet in dote, est de feodo Willelmi de Edesfeld', et
valet annuatim .vij. /. Ricardus heres predict! Ricardi Laueile,
est .vj. annorum, et in custodia matris et avunculorum 4 suorum,
scilicet, Thome Basset per Dominum Regem, sicut vicecomes et
1 This is a difficult entry. Grimaldi's text has ' Buntorp,' but ' Buutorp ' is
clearly the correct reading, for the place must be Bowthope (in Baburgh), though
that is in Forehoe Hundred. The Reginald de Leyham of this entry held two fees
there under John, and Robert de Leyham, later, two fees there and at Leyham
(Red Book, p. 740, where Bowthorpe has not been recognized). Robert Fitz Hum-
phrey had married the heir of Mabel de Bee, a small Norfolk tenant in chief in 1166
(Red Book, p. 402). The closing sentence is important for its bearing on the marriage
of male wards.
2 "custo," MS.
3 The wardship of Albert Gresle's son has been fully dealt with under Lincolnshire.
His Basset relatives are here again named. Tunstead (in Tunstead Hundred) was
included in the twelve fees which he held of the Honour of Lancaster.
juratores testantur. Terra Ricardi filii predict! Ricardi in
Witon', valet annuatim .lx. s., et (sic) de serianteria Domini Regis. 1
Filius Roberti filii Radulfi, qui obiit ad festum Sancte
Crucis, est in custodia Domini Regis, et est nepos Rannulfi
de Glanuill', et adhuc cum eo; et est .xv. annorum. Villa
sua de Herdeseta est de feodo comitis Britannic, et valet
annuatim .xxij. /. et .xiiij. s. cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.iij. carrucis et .vj. vaccis et .vj. suibus; et hoc ibi est, et
plus pati non potest. 2
Uxor que fuit Johannis de Bidune junioris, Matillis nomine,
est in donatione Domini Regis, et est .x. annorum, et fuit
filia Thome filii Bernardi. Terra sua in Kirkebi valet .vj. /.,
cum instauramento .j. carruce, et non potest plus valere. 3
Dae filie Willelmi de Say fuerunt in custodia Domini Regis,
cum Suham que fuit terra ejus Willelmi, et per Dominum
Regem in custodia Ricardi Ruffi .vij. annis, et tanto tempore
quantum est inter festum Sancti Petri ad Vincula et .xv. dies
post festum Sancti Michaelis; postea recepit Galfridus films
Petri Suham, cum filia Willelmi de Say. Firma de Suham
sunt annuatim .xxiij. /. et .xvj. s. et .viij. d., et quinquies 4
1 This is the first of three entries relating to the holdings of Richard La Veile
(Vetula), who had left a widow and an infant son. They are proved by an inquisi-
tion on the death of Thomas ' la Veylle ' to have consisted, under Henry III, of a
knight's fee in Honing and Erpingham, held as an under-tenant, and of a tenure in
Witton and Fishley (Cal. of Inq., I, No. 918), which the Testa proves to have been a
serjeanty of goshawk service, which was exchanged for military service as a quarter
of a knight's fee (Testa, pp. 282, 293, 296). For goshawk service and for conversion
of serjeanty into knight's service see The King's Serjeants (pp. 304-305, 29, 48). The
entry in the text relates to Honing (' Haniges ') and to Witton, the latter of which
it duly distinguishes as held by serjeanty. The Testa adds Bastwick to the constitu-
ents of the serjeanty (p. 296). For Erpingham see p. 54.
It should be observed that the heir is here twice named Richard while in another
entry he is (rightly) twice named Roger. He is also here said to be in the ward of
his mother and avunculi (though only one is named), though another makes his
guardians to be his mother and his patrui, and a third his patrui.
2 Hethersett (in Humbleyard Hundred) was held by Count Alan in 1086. Here
we learn of another of Ranulf de Glanville's relatives, a sister of the great justiciar
having married Robert Fitz Ralf. Although his name is too common to be easily
identified, the fact that Hethersett was held of the Honour in 1302 by Joan de Tate-
shall, in conjunction with the known marriage of Tateshall with the heiress of the
lords of Middleham, points the way. Robert Fitz Ralf was son of Ralf Fitz Ribald
whom the Pipe Roll of 1168 (14 Hen. II, p. 22) shows us paying half a marc to the
aid and who was one of those great barons of whom Middleham was the seat. When
their estates were divided among coheirs in 1270, Hethersett is duly found among
them (Cal. of Inq., I, No. 743).
3 This youthful widow and her dower have been dealt with in the Introduction.
The Testa shows her, a good deal later, holding a quarter of a fee in Kir by (Bedon)
' de herede de Bydun ' (p. 290).
* V.es, MS.
.xx., et .xviij. summe de brasio et .xxiiij. summe de sale et
.x. arietes. Hanc firmam recepit Ricardus Ruffus .vij. annis,
et in octavo anno ad unum terminum, .vj. 1. et .ij. s. et
.j. d. Preter firmam recepit Ricardus Ruffus infra pre-
dictum terminum de soka de Suham .iiij c . m. de auxilio
et de placitis .xxiij. /. et .iij. s., de herietis hominum .ix. /.
et .xvij. s., de gersumis .iij. /. et .iij. s. et .ij. d., de Ernaldo
de Meisy .ij. m., de exitu orreorum infra predictum terminum
.xxxiiij. 1. et .xj. s. et .xj. d. Hoc instauramentum recepit
Ricardus in predicto manerio de Suham, .xxx. boves et .x. averos
et .j. vaccam et .xl. oves et .xiiij. sues; et quando restituit
manerium Galfrido remanserunt in Suham .xiiij. boves et
.viij. averi. 1
Agnes de Muntchenesy est in donatione Domini Regis, et
est .Ix. annorum, que [fuit] 2 filia Pagani filii Johannis, et
habet .iij. filios; primogenitus vocatur Radulfus, et secundus
Willelmus, qui ambo sunt milites; tertius vocatur Hubertus,
et est clericus. Ipsa habet .ij. filias, quarum una est nupta
Stephano de Gla[n]uilT, et altera Willelmo Painel. Ipsa habet
in Holkham .xj. libratas terre, .... sine instauramento, et
terra sua in Holkham posset pati de instauramento, .j. carrucam
et .c. oves et tune valeret .xiij. /. Ista terra est de feodo
comitis Sudsex', et dicta domina tenet de Radulfo filio suo. 3
1 This lengthy entry should be compared with that on Kimbolton above. Both
lordships had been held by William de Say and had been in the charge of William
Ruffus for seven years ' and one term, ' which ' term ' is denned under Kimbolton
as ' from August to All Saints ' (November 1) and here, under Saham, from August 1 to
October 13. The statement that Saham had been 'restored' to Geoffrey FitzPiers
with William de Say's daughter is important because the division of William's
inheritance is recorded on the Pipe Roll of 10 Richard I (as printed in Madox's
Formulare, p. 217) to have been effected by a ' concord ' in the King's court at
Melksham (see for further particulars Pipe Roll Soc., Vol. x, 97-99, 108-110). Its date
is discussed in Ey ton's Itinerary of Henry II (p. 261), but his conclusion is conjectural
and is affected by the date (1186) he assigned to the Rotulus.
It should be observed that, as at Kimbolton, the issues of Saham in addition
to the ferm (preter firmam) amounted to a large sum, payments from the soke, aid(s),
pleas, heriots, and gersumcs (probably for the marriage of women) all contributing.
Saham (Tony) appears in Domesday as a manor of Ancient Demesne with a ferm of
20 ' ad pensum.' The due of seams of salt is strange, for Saham lay inland in the
heart of the county.
2 Omitted in MS.
3 Agnes de Montchensy is the subject of five separate entries on the Rotuli, three
of them under Norfolk. She eventually became a great heiress on the death of her
elder sister, Cecily, Countess of Hereford, whose marriage to Earl Roger had taken
place as far back as 1138 (see my Ancient Charters, Pipe Roll Soc. x, 35-38), and who
had subsequently married William of Poitou and then Walter of Mayenne (Meduana,
Meienne), whose fief in 1166 (Red Book, I, 195-196) was held in her right, as is proved
by the suit of Warine de Montchensy in Br acton's Notebook, n, 517-519. The ' Agnes '
Ade de Tony est in donatione Domini Regis, et est .xxx.
annorum, et fuit [filia] 1 Roberti de Chaumunt, et .j. filium
[habet,] Bfaldewinum] nomine, qui est .xv. annorum, et ipsa
habet .v. filias. Et in Holkham habet ipsa .c. solidatas terre,
quas tenet de feodo Rogeri de Tony, et plus non potest valere.
Et ipsa tenet de Baldewino filio suo. 2
Amicia de Limesia est in donatione Domini Regis et est
.lx. annorum, que fuit filia Hanelaft de Bid[une et habet]
.ij. filios milites, quorum primogenitus vocatur Johannes de
Limesia; plures habet filias. Ipsa habet in ....
.xl. solidatas terre de feodo Johannis de Limesia; et de eo tenet. 3
Middelt' cum pertinenciis cecidit in manum Domini Regis
post mortem comitis Walteri Giffard', quam villam Willelmus
[de] Gernemuwe tenuit de Comite pro .xx. /., et postea de
Rege, qui tandem remisit ei .iiij. s. [an]nuatim pro servitio
suo post mortem Willelmi, qui obiit elapsis .iiij. annis et
dimidio. 4 Dominus Rex tra[didit] custodiam puerorum predict!
Willelmi, et custodiam predicte terre Radulfo de HauuuT, pro
.xvj. /........ et valet annuatim .xx. /., cum .xij. bobus
et .j. caballo hercerio. Et si .c. o[ves], et .v. vacce,
et .v. sues et .x. juvenes porci, cum .j. porco .j. anni ibi
a[pponerentur,] valeret .xxj. /. et dim. Predictus Willelmus, dum
of that suit is the subject of this entry. On the Pipe Roll of two years later (1187)
she and Walter de Mayenne both appear as holding 15 knight's fees in Kent (Red
Book, p. 58).
But these Norfolk entries relate to holdings which are dealt with in the Intro-
duction (p. xlii); Holkham was prominent among the fees which were held of the
Aubigny (Albini) family by the Montchensis. The formula in thelast sentence of
this entry should be noted; the land is of the fief of (William d' Aubigny) the Earl
of ' Sussex ' the Sussex earls were so styled at this period, Arundel being in the
King's hands but Agnes holds (in dower) of her son Ralf (de Montchensy), who
held of the earl. This Ralf, we read, was a knight, and actual payments for his
knighting (1166-1170) will be found in the ' Inquest of Sheriffs ' documents (Red
Book, n, cclxxii; The Commune of London, pp. 125 et seq.).
1 Omitted in MS.
2 This land in Holkham, worth 5 a year, heads the Norfolk Tevva Data on the
Pipe Rolls as given to Roger de Tony. The closing sentence, when compared with
that of the preceding entry, implies that the widow was holding in dower of her son
Baldwin, who held of Roger de Tony. Baldwin is mentioned in the Testa and the
Red Book as having married a daughter of Thomas Bardolf of Brad well (on sea),
3 For Halenald de Bidun(the A.S. thorn should be noted) see the Bidun pedigree in
the Introduction. Amice was widow of Gerard de Limesi, a tenant in chief, who gave
land to the monks of Hertford for her soul and that of their son John. Her dower
here would be in Oxburgh or Didlington, the Domesday manors of her husband's
4 This sentence should begin with the words ' Post mortem Willelmi.'
tenuit intra hos .viij. annos r de placitis et fortunis
et .xij. s. et .viij. d., et .j. m. de gersumis fern
et .v. s. et .x. d. de releviis liberorum hominum. 1 2
Willelmus de Gernemue tenuit quoddam estagium de Domino
Rege pro .vj. /., et Radulfus de Hauuill' tenet
pueronim, et tempore Henrici Regis avi Domini Regis solet
esse ad firmam pro .x. / runt propter estagium
de Dunewich', et istud estagium colligitur in .iij. comitatibus,
scilicet [Linjcolshe. Item Radulfus
de Hauuill' recipit de predicta custodia in Lenna .iiij. m.
xvj. gallinas et .iiij. altilia, de feodo episcopi
Norwicensis et aliorum dominorum. Willelmus [de Gernemue
habuit] .iij. filios, quorum primogenitus est .xxij. annorum,
secundus .xviij., tertius .xv., et sunt 2
Filius Petri de Peleuiir, qui obiit .xv. diebus ante proximum
festum Omnium Sanctorum, est in custodia Domini Regis
et habet fratrem qui nondum est .j. anni,
et duas sorores que sunt cum matre sua, que est de
annorum. In Bodeneia habuit dictus Petrus terrain que est'
dos uxoris sue, de Constab de dote sua, .x. s.
de redditu ad Pascha. Hec terra valet .c. s. cum instaura-
[mento] bobus et .iij. equis et .vj. vaccis
et .viij. animalibus otiosis et .v. porcis; et si alia car[ruca
apponeretur], terra valeret .viij. /. 3
1 The roll is torn for this entry.
* Middleton was not among the Domesday holdings of Giffard, so must have been
a later addition to the fief. In the Pipe Roll accounts for the Giffard Honour .4 a
year is remitted for Middleton, which implies that the ' solidos ' of the entry should
be ' libras.' The extra receipts, including the reliefs of free tenants, should be
noted. The Hauville family were, by serjeanty, keepers of the King's falcons (The
King's Serjeants, p. 311 et seq.}.
This is an important entry when the strange ' estagium ' has been corrected to
' lestagium.' For we have here that right to farm the lastage in three counties
(Norfolk, Suffolk, and Lincolnshire which Ralf of Yarmouth made over to Henry
de Hauville in 1217 and which is here carried back, not only to 1185, when Ralf de
Hauville held it in ward, but to the reign of Henry I, when it is stated to have been
farmed for W a year. That of Norfolk and Suffolk was accounted for in 1130 at ^4
(Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I, p. 91).
This entry further supplies a valuable note for the date. William of Yarmouth
(' Gernemue '), we read, had died four and a half years before. If I am right in
assigning these returns to the summer of 1185, this would date his death as at the
beginning of 1181. Now the Pipe Roll of 1179 (25 Hen. II, p. 80) has ' Willelmus
de Jernem' tens* ' while that of 1180 (26 Hen. II, p. 46) has ' Willelmus de Gernem'
tenuit.' This would place his death before Mich. 1180, but is a fortiori hostile to
the date of 1186 for these returns.
3 The Pelleville family held of the Honour of Haughley (alias of the Constable) a
knight's fee in Bodney and Bilney (Red Book, p. 741 ; Cal. of Inq., I, Nos. 40, 306,
[Rot. 6. d.}
Beleneia que est de honore de Hagenet, est in maim Domini
Regis cum heredibus Petri de Peleuill', a festo Sancti Thome
Apostoli. Predictus Petrus habuit .ij. filios; et primogenitus
est .xxiiij. annorum, et est leprosus, et est in custodia Domini
Regis, et habet sustentationem in hospitio. Secundus nondum
est .j. anni. Preterea dictus Petrus habuit .ij. filias maritandas;
primogenita est .xiiij. annorum, secunda .v. annorum. Robertus
de Well' et Willelmus de Essedeford' receperunt custodiam ad
festum Sancti Thome Apostoli, qui de omnibus exitibus, scilicet,
de redditibus et perquisitis, receperunt .iiij. /. et .viij. s. et
.vij. d. Et hoc manerium valet .x. /. cum instauramento
quod ibi est, scilicet, .j. carruca de .vj. bobus, et .ij. equis
et .viij. vaccis et .Ixvj. ovibus inter oves et agnos, et
.xviij. porcis. Et cum pleno instauramento, scilicet, .iij. carrucis,
qualibet de .vj. bobus, et .ij. equis et .j. hercerio et .xx.
vaccis et .ccc. ovibus et .xxx. porcis, villa valeret .xvj. /.
post hunc annum: et precipitur instaurari.
Uxor Petri de PeleuuT est in donatione Domini Regis, et
est .xlvj. annorum, et nata de militibus, et habet Bodeneiam
Beatricia de Saiton' tenet feodum dimidii militis de eschaeta
Waited Giffard', et est heritagium suum, et valet per annum
.xl. s. Ipsa est .1. annorum, et habet .vj. filios, et .j. filiam
maritandam : primogenitus est .xxj. anni, et sunt nati de mili-
Maria uxor Gwidonis Extraney est in donatione Domini
Regis, et habet in dote Runget' de feodo de Wermegai; valet
villa annuatim .xiiij. /. Ipsa est .xl. annorum et nata de
militibus et baronibus. Habuit ipsa .iij. dominos. Dotes
ejus et maritagium sunt in diversis comitatibus. 2
844), the descent of which is here carried back to a period antecedent to the Rotulus.
Robert de ' Welle ' (at Rayne, Essex) and William de ' Essedford ' (at Ashford,
Kent) were both tenants of the same Honour ('Hagenet 'is Haughley). They
had only had charge since December 21 (1184), Peter not having died till
November 16 preceding. The widow had Bodney for her dower.
The leprosy of the heir kept his land in the King's hands.
1 This must be one of the half fees returned in the Giffard carta of 1166 (Red
Book, p. 313), but I have not been able to identify it.
2 Guy 1'Estrange appears in the cavtce of 1166, but not in the return of the Worme-
gay fief. (North) Runcton the ' Rynghetona ' of Domesday was held of that
fief. Guy had been sheriff of Shropshire and last appears in the Pipe Roll of 1180
(26 Hen. II). As this lady had already had three husbands (dominos), her dower
may have been given her by some other one than Guy. But Mr. Eyton was unable
to throw any light on this entry (Shropshire, m, 129).
HUNDREDUM DE CRAUERING'.
Agnes de Muntchenesy habet in hundredo de Crauering,
Bergche, que valet annuatim .xx. /., et est de feodo Sancte
HUNDREDUM DE HAPPINGES.
Agnes de Muntchenesy tenet in hundredo de Happinges
.xvj. libratas terre in Button', de feodo Rogeri le Bigot. 2
Ricardus de Coleka tenuit villam de Hemested' in eodem
hundredo, que est feodum dimidii militis, et tenebat in capite
de Domino Rege, et mortuus est. Et Gaufridus Pecche cepit
uxorem suam per Hugonem de Cressi: et quedam neptis pre-
dicti Ricardi remansit heres ejus inde, et Rogerus de Dinosio
cepit earn in uxorem per Hugonem de Cressi, et ita habet
terram illam, que valet .xij. /. 3
Rogerus films Ricardi Vet[n]le, est heres .j. carrucate terre
in Herpingham, que est de feodo Willelmi de Edisfeld', que
valet .iiij. 1. cum instauramento .j. carruce: et ipse est in
custodia matris sue et patruorum suorum per Dominum Regem,
et est .vj. annorum; et mater sua habet .ij. filios et .v. filias.
Et predictus Rogerus est nepos Gwidonis Buteturte, et cognatus
Willelmi de Edisfeld', et mater sua est .xxx. annorum. 4
1 One fee was held in Burgh Apton (in Clavering Hundred) by the Montchensys
as under-tenants (Feudal Aids, m, 396) of the bishop of Ely.
2 Sutton was held in 1302 by Hugh de Vere, husband of the Montchensys' heiress,
of the Earl Marshal, Roger Bigot's heir (Feudal Aids, in, 434).
3 This was that little holding in capite for which William ' de Colecherche ' had
made an almost awestruck return, as half a knight's fee, in 1166 (Red Book, p. 400).
It is proved by this entry to have lain in Hempstead (in Happing Hundred). The
Pipe Rolls come to our help by proving that the Richard of the text had succeeded his
father, William ' de Colechirche ' (or ' Colekerche ') in 1174-1175 (Rot. Pip., 21 Hen. II,
p. 124). Our record shows him dead in 1185. Geoffrey Peche, who had married his
widow, may have been identical with the second son of Hamon Peche by Alice
Peverel of Bourne (Lib. Mem. de Bernewelle, p. 47). The strange name ' de Dinosio '
is an error of the Rotulus for ' de Sancto Dionisio.' Roger de Sancto Dionisio was
holding this half fee in 1212 (Testa, p. 283; Red Book, p. 477, where the place is
wrongly identified as Henstead, which is in Suffolk). The name of his wife, heiress
of the fief, was Sarra (Br acton's Notebook}. A difficulty is created by the fact that
Richard de Colkirk was succeeded by his niece, though the Richard de ' Colechirche '
of the first Norfolk entry had left a daughter Alice. This latter Richard may have
been a younger son of the same name.
4 This entry relates to the other portion of the family's knight's fee (see p. 49,
above), viz., Erpingham (in South Erpingham Hundred). The heir is here named
Roger (rightly), for in 1212 it was Roger la Veile who was in possession (Testa,
pp. 293, 296). It should be observed that the present entry makes him nepos of
Guy Buteturte, while the previous one makes his mother a daughter of 'Amfridus '
Agnes de Mundauill' habet villulam que vocatur Hornedes
in dote de baronia Humfredi de Buhun. Eadem villa valet
annuatim .x. /. cum instauramento .ij. carrucamm: et ipsa
et .iij. pueri sui sunt in custodia Domini Regis, et primo-
genitus films ejus est .xiiij. annorum, et fuit filius Teodbaldi
Hautin et nepos Alberti Greslei. Et predicta Angnes est .xl. an-
Simon filius Willelmi Buteriz est in custodia Domini Regis,
cui Eustacius filius Stephani dedit filiam suam per licenciam
Domini Regis; et habuit custodiam predict! Simonis et terre
sue in Wiuertone, per .vij. annos. Predicta terra valet .xviij. I.
per annum cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis de
.viij. bobus, et .vj. equis, quolibet de .iij. s., et .c. et
.xl. ovibus; et si apponerentur .lx. oves, terra valeret .xviij. /.
et .x. s. 2
Stowe, que est dos Matillis de Bidune, que fuit filia Thome
filii Bernardi, valet annuatim .xj. /. et .xij. s. et .ij. d., cum
hoc instauramento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis de .viij. bobus, et .vj. equis
et .iiij. vaccis et .iiij. xx ovibus . . .xv. et cum .ij. suibus
et .j. verre: et si .cc. oves ibi apponerentur, que possent
ibi esse, tune [valeret] .xij. /. et .xv. 5. et .viij. d. Hanc
firmam recepit Thomas filius Bernardi .ij. annis, et recepit [inde]
.iiij. /. et .iiij. s. de adquisitionibus. Et preterea Johannes de
Bidune junior, .c. et .x. s. Eugenia uxor Thome filii Ber-
nardi, qui 3 modo habet custodiam, post mortem predicti Johannis
cepit .xlv. s. et .vj. d., et firmam .j. anni, scilicet, .xj. J.
et .xj. s. et .ij. d*
Buteturte. This proves that Guy was a son of ' Amfridus ' (who occurs on the Pipe
Roll of 2 Hen. II). William de Edisfelde derived his name from what is now Edge-
1 See p. 47. ' Hornedes,' strange to say, is Oxnead (in South Erpingham Hun-
dred), the ' Oxenedes ' of Domesday. Here again, her son is nepos of Albert Gresle,
while she herself has already occurred as daughter of Robert Gresle, which affiliates
Albert (if it were necessary) as son of Robert.
2 William ' Buteri ' was returned in 1166 as holding five knight's fees of Earl
Walter Giffard's fief (Red Book, p. 312). The escheat of that fief gave the wardship
of the heir to the king. Wiveton, however, does not appear to have formed part of
that fief, unless the subsequent interest there of the Earls of Goucester was derived
from the Giffards. William recurs below.
'Corrected from "que," MS.
4 This tenure of Stow Bedon has been dealt with in the Introduction to the
Rotuli. It is clear that the child-widow of John de Bidun married subsequently
John de Rochford, who, as John 'de Bokesford ' was holding her dower in 1212
(Testa, pp. 293, 294). This would account for the half fee in East Anglia on which he
was paying scutage under Richard I and John (Red Book; cf. Testa, p. 290). It
would also explain why she is styled Maud ' de Rocheford ' in her Inq. p.m. 39
Hen. Ill (Cal. of Inq., I, No. 323).
Lauretta Picot, que fuit uxor Hugonis de Burdeleis et filia
Eustacii Picot, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .xl. an-
norum, et habet .vj. filios et .ij. filias: et Willelmus, filius
ejus et heres, est .xxvj. annorum. Ipsa habet medietatem
ville de Sculeton' cum pertinenciis de Tumested', que valet
annuatim .iiij. /. et .viij. s. et .x. d., cum hoc instaura-
mento, scilicet, .j. carruca de .vj. bobus, et .ij. equis, et cum
.vj. vaccis et .xl. ovibus; et additis .xx. ovibus et .iiij. vaccis
et .iiij. suibus, terra valeret .c. s. et .xij. d. Hanc terrain
tenet Lauretta sicut hereditatem suam. 1
. . . . Ricardus Vet[ule] est per Dominum Regem in
custodia patruorum suorum, et est .vj. annorum; et habet in
hundredo de Holt .xxiiij. s. de redditu, quos pater suus
habuit ex dono Regis. 2
. . . . de Langetot est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.lx. annorum, et habet in hundredo de Holt feodum .j. militis,
et .iij. partes feodi .j. militis, quas alii tenent. Dominium
suum in Binetre valet .lx. s. annuatim cum instauramento
.j. carruce de .iiij. bobus, et .ij. equis et .j. herzurio. Et in
hundredo de Eimeford' habet ipsa .ij. milites fefatos, et .ij.
partes .j. militis. 3
.... c ... a habet in villa de Snuterleia, .xij. libratas
terre, de feodo Willelmi de Warenn'. 4
. . . Will' Buterich' habet in hundredo de Eineford' terram
1 This is the ' larderer ' serjeanty of Sculton Burdeleys (see The King's Serjeants,
pp. 233, 239 et seq.). The entry is one of those which illustrate the value of the
Rotuli, for it carries back the history of the serjeanty far into the twelfth century
and shows that it came to the Burdeleys family by marriage with its Picot heiress.
' Tumested,' here associated with Sculton as part of the holding, seems to be Thomp-
son, which is so associated in an Inq. p.m. of 1334 (Cal. of Inq., vn, No. 589, cf.
Feudal Aids, m, 458).
2 From this point the rest of the Norfolk return is injured and has to be partially
reconstructed. The personal name should here be Roger son of Richard Vetula.
His holding in Holt Hundred is entered in 1212 as part of his serjeanty (converted
to military service as a quarter of a knight's fee). Cf. Testa, p. 289. See p. 49, above.
3 In 1302 the Langetots were holding in Eynesford Hundred, at Bintree, Guest wick,
and Witchingham of the Earl of Gloucester (Feudal Aids}. In 1185, however, these
holdings formed part of the escheated Giffard fief, Walter Giffard having several
lands in that Hundred in 1086 (Domesday, n, 240b, 241) as he also had in Holt
Hundred (Ibid., 242, 242b). Ralf de Langetot was a Domesday tenant of Walter
in Bucks, where the (Emma) de Langetot of this entry has already occurred
4 A half fee in Blakeney alias Sniterle (in Holt Hundred) is known to have been
held of the Warennes by the Cockfield family, who are connected in history with
the Abbey of Bury St Edmund's (Testa, p. 287). There is, unfortunately, no return
of the Warenne fees in 1166, but the head of the family then was Robert de Cock-
field, who was succeeded by his son Adam. Thus the ' C ... a ' of the text may
represent ' Cokesfeldia.'
que valet .c. s. annuatim cum hoc instauramento, scilicet,
.iiij. bobus, .ij. equis, .j. herzerio. 1
[Simon?] Tresgoz, filius Gaufridi de Tresgoz, est nepos Roberti
de Gresley, et in custodia Domini Regis, et per eum fuit
in custodia Roberti de Lucy cum terra sua per
octo annos; que terra fuit jurata ad valenciam .xv. /.,
sed Robertus posuit earn ad firmam pro .xx. /. cum instaura-
mento .j. carruce: et si apponerentur .iiij. vacce et .c. oves,
terra valeret .xxj. /. et .iiij. s. : et dictus Simon est . . . .
Reinham, qui est in custodia Eustachii filii
Stephani, valet annuatim .vj. xx . s., quos predictus Eustachius
recepit hiis .viij. annis. 3
HUNDREDUM DE GALEHO.
[Filius Thome de Bella Fago est] in custodia Domini Regis, et
per eum in custodia Nigelli filii Alexandri, et est .ij. annorum
dimidii, cum Crek, terra sua; de qua . . . recepit, post-
quam habuit custodiam, .xvj. m. et .vij. s. et .iij. d., de
omnibus exitibus; et habuit custodiam per annum et quantum
. . . diebus ante festurn Sancti Botulfi. Hoc est instaura-
mentum, scilicet, .ij. boves, .j. vacca, .vij. equi et .xxxj. oves;
J As William Buteri(ch) held of the Giffard fief, his holdings probably included
Giffard lands in this Hundred. The name of his son (Simon) must here be supplied
the entry on p. 55.
* This land was the manor of Billingford (Testa, pp. 289, 294), held of the escheated
lonour of Peverel (of London). It will be shown, under Essex, that Geoffrey
le Tregoz had died in 1171, and that his heir was not Simon, but William de Tregoz,
rhose custody was subsequently given to Robert de Lucy. Robert Gresle (not de
Presley) of Swineshead, was his maternal grandfather. Grimaldi's text gives Simon
as the name of the heir in both places in this entry. Possibly the scribe repeated
in error the Simon (now lost) of the previous entry.
3 The nameless holder must have been Simon, son of William Buterich, for in the
Testa (p. 288) the heirs of William 'Buteri' are entered as holding half a fee in Little
(Parva) Reynham of the Earl of Gloucester. Moreover, Eustace Fitz Stephen, who
jre appears as his guardian, has appeared above as father-in-law and guardian of
the ' Buteriz ' ward. This is confirmed by the Pipe Roll of 1177 (23 Hen. II, p. 164),
where the sheriff accounts, under the Giffard Honour, for the issues of William
Buteri's land ' antequam rex precepisset eandem terram liberari Eustacio filio
Stephani.' It should be observed that 1177-1185 would give us the ' eight years '
here named by the Rotulus.
et valet cum instauramento .x. /. ; et additis .ij. bobus et
.v. vaccis et .x. porcis et .cc. ovibus, valebit villa .xv. I. 1
[Alicia que fuit uxor Thome de Bello] Fago est .xx. annonim,
et fuit filia Wfaleranni] de [Orri] et neptis Nigelli filii Alex-
andri, et in ejus custodia per 2
[est in cust]odia Domini Regis et per eum in
custodia Eliensis episcopi .vj. annorum.
Clare que fuit Agnetis de Munchenesy est in scilicet de festo
S. Michaelis et de dicta villa ceperunt servientes nunc .lij. s. et
.vj. d. quos expenderunt in [vicjtu famulorum. Hoc est instaur-
amentum dicte ville .ij. carruce de .viij. bobus et .iiij. caballi et
. . . [vil]la valet .vij. /. Et additis .cc. ovibus ipsa valeret
.ix. /. 3
DE DOMINABUS ET PUELLIS QUE SUNT DE MARI-
1 The nameless ward was the infant son of Thomas de Beaufou (Bella Fago),
who has already appeared under Northants and Rutland (pp. 25, 45). When thus
reconstructed, this entry is of some importance as correcting the exact and detailed
statement in the Testa (p. 293) as to this holding. We there read that ' Greet '
(i.e. South Creake in Brothercross Hundred) had been given out of royal demesne
by Henry I to Ralf ' de Bella Fago ' as half a knight's fee, that Ralf had been suc-
ceeded by his son Ralf, and he by his neptis Emma the then tenant (in 1212). But
the Pipe Rolls confirm the Rotulus by showing that Thomas ' de Bella Fago' had
been charged no less than 100 marcs ' pro fine terre de Crec ' in 1177 (Pipe Roll,
23 Hen. II, p. 134), which he had been paying off in instalments. As the land was
held by knight-service, it ought to appear in the Cartes of 1166 and among pay-
ments for scutage; yet neither there nor on the Pipe Rolls of 14 and 18 Henry II
can it be traced. Nevertheless, it duly appears as ' Suthcrek,' a half fee held by
Emma de ' Beaufo,' under Henry III (Testa, p. 282) and as half a fee in ' Suthcrek '
held in capite by the ' heredes de Bella Fago ' in 1302 (Feudal Aids, in, 405).
2 This was Alice, the young widow of Thomas ' de Bella Fago, ' on whom see pp. 25,
3 This entry is wholly omitted in Grimaldi's text. ' Clare ' must stand for
' Claye,' i.e. Cockley Cley (in South Greenhoe Hundred), for Denise the heiress of the
Montchensys and the wife of Hugh de Vere is found holding here in 1302 (Feudal
Aids, in, 447). For Agnes see p. 50.
PRIMUS ROTULUS DE SUDFOLK'. DE DOMINABUS
ET PUERIS ET PUELLIS.
Gilebertus films Walter! Pikardi, qui est .xx. annorum, est
in custodia Domini Regis cum terra sua, quam Gilebertus
de Ver habuit in custodia sua jam .viij. annis elapsis, et
omnes exitus inde recepit. Terra sua valet .xx. s. cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .xx. ovibus et .ij. vaccis et .ij. equis;
et hoc servicium debet terra Domino Regi, scilicet, .j. arcum
et sagittas, et .j. gladium et .j. saccum cum brocca, ad
servitium Domini Regis, cum ierit cum exercitu in Walliam. 1
Mabilia de Heliun, que est .lx. annorum, est de donatione
Domini Regis, cujus heres est Robertus de Heliun; et ipsa
fuit filia Rogeri filii Ricardi. Terra sua quam tenet in dote,
valet annuatim .c. s. cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .xl. ovi-
bus, .vj. bobus, .ij. equis, .ij. suibus, et .j. verre. 2
HUNDREDUM DE LAFORD'.
In Ykinlingham tenet Walterus filius Willelmi unam terram
de feodo Stephani de Bellocampo; unde reddit .xlij. d. Osberto
de Glanuill', qui habet custodiam terre predict! Stephani cum
Marginal note: " d."
1 This serjeanty is, at first sight, somewhat difficult to identify, but it is proved
to have been in (Great) Wratting by Testa (pp. 285, 297; cf. p. 300), where it is de-
fined as service with a bow and five arrows on expeditions into Wales. See also Cal.
oflnq.,vi, p. 212.
2 In my paper on ' Helion of Helions Bumpstead ' (Essex Arch. Trans. [N.S.],
viii, 187-191) I have shown that Mabel de Helion was the wife of William de Helion,
who held the Helion fief under Henry I and Stephen (e.g. in 1142). Her son Robert
was holding it in 1159 and 1166. Her father Roger was son of Richard (Fitz Gilbert)
de Clare, the founder of that family. The manor was probably HaverhiU. which was
in Risbridge Hundred and in which Alice de Heliun was similarly dowered early in
the reign of Henry III (Testa, p. 297).
3 See, for this entry, p. 69, note 2, below.
HUNDREDUM DE BABENG'.
Heres Radulfi de HaudebouilT, qui nondum est unius anni,
est in custodia Domini Regis, et per eum in custodia Rannulfi
de Glanuill', cum .ij. partibus ville de Aketone, que valent annuatim
.xx. /.; et terciam partem predicte ville habet uxor que fuit
predicti Radulfi, que est neptis Rannulfi de Glanuill', et in
ejus custodia. 1
Amfrida de Winemersse, que est .lx. annorum, est in dona-
tione Domini Regis. Terra ejus valet .xx. s.; et habet
.vij. infantes, et heres ejus est .xviij. annorum. 2
Leticia, que fuit uxor Willelmi filii Mabilie, que est .lx. an-
norum, est in donatione Domini Regis, et terra ejus valet
.iiij. /. annuatim, et est soror Willelmi de Kiueli. 3
Cristiana, que fuit uxor Warengerii de Hocxene, est .1. an-
norum, et est in donatione Domini Regis: et ipsa tenet dimi-
diam carrucatam terre in Denham pro .iij. d., qui dantur ad
firmam Regis, et valet .j. m. per annum; et preterea, ipsa
tenet .vj. acras pro .ij. s. de episcopo Norwicensi; et de
Walkelino Archidiacono tenet ipsa .v. solidatas terre, et valet
dim. m. annuatim. Et habet filium heredem, qui est
.xviij. annorum, et preter eum .iij. filias. 4
Matillis, que fuit uxor Philippi de Columbariis, est in donatione
1 At an inquiry into escheats in the early years of Henry III it was returned
that Acton was an escheat of the Honour of Peverel (i.e. ' Peverel of London ') and
that Henry II gave it to William Lungespeye senior (probably his own younger
brother William) ; also that William had given twenty ' librates ' thence to Robert
Pikot, who gave them to Hugh de Hodebovill', father of John the then tenant (Testa,
p. 300). John also appears as the holder in Testa, p. 291 ; Calendar of Suffolk Fines,
p. 16; and Red Book, pp. 478, 591, 740. Ralf, it will be seen, is not mentioned.
The Pipe Roll, however, of 1195 (7 Ric. I, Rot. 6) records the payment by Godfrey
de Cramavill of 25. 10. 0. ' pro habenda custodia terre de Aketon, que fuit Radulfi
de Heldebovilla, cum herede quousque etatem habeat.' The family gave name to
the Acton manor ' vocatum Hodebovyll ' (Feudal Aids, v, 104).
This is not the only instance in which Ranulf de Glanville provided for a niece in
marriage (see Introduction, p. xx).
2 Withermarsh (near Stoke by Nayland) was an escheat of the Honour of Ray-
leigh (see Red Book, pp. 737-738, where it is wrongly identified). 'Amfridus (sic) de
Wy veresmerse, ' must have there held his knight's fee (ibid., p. 621).
3 William de Kiveli is dealt with by me in The King's Serjeants (pp. 183-185), where
it is shown that he held land at Boreham, Essex, and paid 40 marcs in 1199 for his
office in the King's butlery.
4 Denham is in Hoxne Hundred. This holding may be that which is returned
in 1212 as a quarter of a carucate in Denham held by payment of three pence payable
through the reeve of the Hundred, tenpence to the danegeld and a quarter of a suit
(secte) Testa, p. 295.
Domini Regis, et est .xl. annorum; et films suus est .xviij. an-
norum, et est cum Rege: et ipsa habet .xl. solidatas redditus in
villa de Akholt, et puer habet terrain per Dominum Regem. 1
HUNDREDUM DE KARLEFORD'.
Heres Stephani de Bellocampo fuit in custodia Domini Regis
anno preterito, a Dominica Passionis Domini illius anni, usque
ad festum Apostoloram Simonis et Jude, cum villa de Clopton';
et per Dominum Regem fuit in custodia Gileberti de Coleuill'
toto predicto termino, qui interim inde cepit de uno homine
pertinente ad predictam terram, .ij. m. Hec terra cum dicto
herede est modo in custodia Osberti de GlanuilT, et valet
annuatim .vj. I. cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .j. carruca
de .viij. bobus, et .ij. equis et .j. herzerio et .ij. vaccis et
.iij. suibus et .j. verre et .xx. ovibus, et plus instauramenti
non potest sustinere, nee firma augeri. Heres predict! Stephani
fuit .iiij. annorum ad Pascha proximo preteritum. 2
Matillis, que fuit uxor Gileberti de Coleuill', et filia Roberti
de Boseuiir, est de donatione Domini Regis, et in custodia
Rannulfi de GlanuiU'. Et habet de maritagio in hundredo de
Hertesmere, de feodo Stephani de Muntchenesi, .vij. libratas
reddituum: et est .xxvij. annorum, et heres suus est .xij. an-
norum, et in custodia Rannulfi de GlanuiU'. 3
Eadem Matillis habet in hundredo de Colenexe in villa de
Fait ham unam terram que valet annuatim .iiij. /., et est de
feodo Rogeri Bigot; et ipsa habet .ij. filios et .vj. filias. 4
Alexandria mater Gileberti de Coleuill', est in donatione
1 This is Occold, which is found (as ' Hacolt ') as part of a half fee held by a later
Philip de Columbers of the Honour of Haughley (Testa, p. 290).
2 Stephen de Beauchamp is dealt with under Essex. This holding appears to be
the manor of 'Wascoils' in Clopton (Carlford Hundred), for the Wascoils were co-
heirs of Stephen. All his coheirs deal with Clopton in a fine of 12 Hen. Ill, and
John de Wascoil with its advowson in one of 1 Edw. I (Suffolk Fines, pp. 28, 74) .
3 This land may have been in Wyverstone, where Hubert de Montchensy held both
in capite and as an under-tenant in 1086, but Westhorpe seems to be the only holding
in Hartismere Hundred later assigned to Montchensy. The Bosevilles will be
dealt with under Essex, where they held at Springfield of the Honour of Peverel of
London. Maud held this land in frank-marriage from her father. For Stephen de
Montchensy (of Edwardstone) see the Introduction.
4 The place-name is corrupt, but seems to represent Falkenham (alias Faltenham)
in Colneis Hundred. The Bigots appear in Domesday as holding there in chief.
Domini Regis, et est .lx. annorum. Terra sua in Kenint'
valet per annum .xx. s. 1
Eadem Alexandria tenet .xx. solidatas in Keneton ad firmani, que
fuerunt Gileberti de ColeuilT filii sui, et respondet inde custodi
predicti Gileberti; et hoc est instauramentum, scilicet, .vj. boves,
.ij. equi, .j. hercerius, nee potest plus pati. Terra predict!
Gileberti in Gategraue, reddit per annum .xj. s. Terra sua
in Campesse reddit per annum .iiij. s. et .vj. d. 1
Filius Alberti de Gresley est in custodia Domini Regis,
et habet .iij. sorores, que sunt infra etatem, et ipse .xj. an-
Herebertus films Rollandi tenuit terram suam de Rege, sicut
joculator, et habuit in hundredo de Bosemere .xxx. acras,
quas uxor ejus, que est .xl. annorum, et heres suus, qui est
.xiij. annorum, tenent. Uxor fuit filia Walteri de Heccham,
et habet .v. filias preter filium. 3
Margareta Comitissa est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.xl. annorum, et comes Britannie habet filiam suam, et ipsa
habet .j. filium de Humfrido de Buun', qui est infra etatem.
Ipsa tenet villam de Wissint' in dote, et valet annuatim
.xxviij. /. Predicta villa fuit seisita in manum Domini Regis
a festo Ascensionis Domini usque ad Ad Vincula Sancti Petri,
et interim recepit inde Rannulfus de GlanuilT .1. s. 4
1 Domesday shows us Gilbert ' de Cola villa ' as a considerable undertenant of
Robert Malet at Rendlesham (where ' Colville's manor ' preserved his name) and
elsewhere. When the fief escheated to the Crown, the family would hold of the
Crown as of the Honour of Eye. Hence its appearance here. Kenton and Rendles-
ham were both in the Hundred of Loes, and lands in Gedgrave and Campsey are
mentioned under them in Domesday (n, 326-327).
2 The wardship of the Gresle heir has been dealt with under Lincolnshire. In
Suffolk he held several manors, as elsewhere, of the Honour of Lancaster, of which
Willisham and Little Blakenham were in Bosmere Hundred. Albert Gresle held them
of Roger of Poitou in 1086 (Domesday, u, 351b).
3 It is difficult to identify a nameless holding so small as this, but it is worth while
trying to trace the King's ' jester.' The result throws light on the royal sense of
humour. For this holding is no other than that Hemingstone serjeanty which was
known apparently from the elder tenant here named as the ' serjantia Rod-
landi ' (Testa, p. 295). Its nature is indicated by the entry of it as ' Serjantia
Rolandi le Peitur in Hammingeston pro qua debuit facere die natalis domini coram
Domino Rege unum saltum,' etc. (ibid. p. 297), and defined by the description of
the service as ' suffli saltus et petti ' ' faciendi unum saltum sifnetum et pettum '
(or 'bumbulum') . . . 'quondam Rollandi le Pettour' (ibid. pp. 283, 286, 291).
* The place is not Wiston (as the name would suggest) but Wisset (in Blything
Hundred). Domesday shows Earl Alan holding there in capite, and his heir, the
Earl of Richmond, had dowered his widow (on whom see p. 5, note 1) therein. The
temporary seizure of her dower-lands and their administration by Ranulf de Glan-
ville is referred to under Lincolnshire (pp. 5, 6-7), where the period is given at a
quarter of a year. The dates named in this entry would be May 10 to August 1, if
the year was 1184, which would similarly represent about a quarter of the year.
Matillis de Beauerio est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.1. annorum, et Willelmus de Beauerio est films ejus. Ipsa
tenet Crateleford' in maritagio, et valet annuatim .x. I. 1
Hubertus Blundus, filius Willelmi Blundi, est in custodia
Domini Regis, et per eum fuit ipse et terra sua jam per
.viij. annos in custodia Eliensis Episcopi: et ipse est .xx. an-
norum, et fuit nepos Huberti de Muntchenesy. Terra sua de
Yxewurth' venit in manum Episcopi ad festum Sancti Michaelis
post mortem Sarre de Muntchenesy. Et valet predicta villa
.xv. /. cum instauramento quod ibi est, scilicet, .xij. bobus
et .iiij. equis et .j. hercerio: et si apponerentur .cc. oves
et .vj. vacce et .j. taurus et .iiij. sues et .j. verris, tune
valeret manerium .xvij. /. et .x. s. Bailivi Episcopi receperunt
de dicta villa de firma, ad festum Omnium Sanctorum, .xiiij. s.
et .iij. d. et ob. ; ad Natale .xl. s. et .iiij. d. et ob. ;
ad Pascha .xlj. 5. et .iij. d.', ad Pentecosten .iiij. s.
et .iij. d. et ob.; et de gersumiis .lx. s., et de aliis
fortunis .xj. s. et .vj. d. : et heres per preceptum Episcopi
recepit .xl. s. de auxiliis. 2
[Rot. 7. d.]
Esfeldia et Walesham' sunt maneria predict! Huberti Blundi,
et fuerunt Willelmi patris sui, et fuerunt in manu Eliensis
Episcopi cum herede .viij. annis: et reddunt modo annuatim
.xxxj. /. cum instauramento .ij. carrucarum, que sunt apud
Walesham, de .xvj. bobus, et .v. equis et cum .vj. vaccis
et .j. tauro et .c. ovibus et .v. suibus et .j. verre. Et cum
.ij. carrucis, que sunt apud Esfeld', de .xij. bobus, et .v. equis
et .vj. vaccis et .j. tauro et .c. ovibus et .v. suibus et
.j. verre; et predicte ville non possunt plus instauramenti sus-
tinere, nee plus valere. In primo anno de hiis .viij. annis
1 The surnames and the place-name are both misleading. Maud ' de Beaverio, '
who here appears as mother of William ' de Beaverio, ' is identical with that Maud
' de Sainliz ' who appears, under Lincolnshire, on the first page of the Rotuli as
mother of William ' de Albeneio ' and daughter of Robert FitzRichard (de Clare) .
I have dealt with her in Feudal England (pp. 475, 575) and shown that she, in con-
junction with her husband, William ' de Albeneio ' (of Belvoir), gave the church of
Cratfield (' Cratefeld ') to St Neots. Cratfield (here ' Crateleford ') in Blything
Hundred was her marriage-portion from her father (part of whose Dunmow fief it was)
and descended to her heirs, the lords of Belvoir.
2 Ixworth (in Blackbourn Hundred) was the head of the barony which was held
by Robert Blund in 1086 (Domesday, n, 438b), and by William (son of Gilbert) Blund
in 1166 (Red Book, pp. 408-409).
elapsis, recepit episcopus Eliensis de illis .ij. maneriis .x. I.
et .v. s. : et in secundo anno sequent!, recepit idem Episcopus
de hiisdem maneriis .xj. /. et .xix. s. et .ix. d., tarn de
firma quam de perquisitis: tertio autem anno recepit ipse
inde .xxiij. /. et .xix. s. et .ix. d., tarn de firma quam de
perquisitis: in quarto vero anno, idem inde [recepit] 1 .xx. I.
et .vj. s. et .viij. d., tarn de firma quam de perquisitis, et
de bladis venditis et omnibus modis; preterea Episcopus habuit
eodem anno de Westleston', que illo anno cecidit in manum
Episcopi, ad opus heredis 2 : in quinto vero anno recepit Epis-
copus de dictis .ij. maneriis .xx. /. et .iij. s. et .iiij. d., de
omnibus exitibus; et preterea de Westleston' .vj. I. : in
.vj 10 . quidem anno recepit Episcopus de dictis duobus maneriis,
.xxj. /. et .ij. s. et .v. d., de omnibus exitibus; et preterea
de Westleston' .vj. /. In septimo autem anno posuit Episcopus
predicta .ij. maneria ad firmam pro .xxxvij. /., cum .vj. /.
de Westleston', quam firmam idem Episcopus recepit. In octavo
quidem anno, scilicet, in presenti, recepit Episcopus medietatem
firme sue de .ij. terminis jam preteritis, scilicet, .xv. /. et .x. s. ;
et preterea .iij. /. de Westleston'. Preterea homines utriusque
manerii dederunt heredi Willelmi Blundi, ad auxilia, .viij. m?
Hubertus de Muntchenesy fuit in custodia Domini Regis et
per eum in custodia Eliensis Episcopi, cum terra sua de
Stretford', que est de baronia Henrici de Essex', quam Do-
minus Rex ei restituit ad proximum Pascha. Et episcopus
Eliensis recepit inde annuatim, dum habuit custodiam, .viij. /. 4
HUNDREDUM DE LOSE.
Stauerton' et Clakestorp et Parva Farlingham sunt de honore
de Eya. Stauerton', ex qua fuit in manu Domini Regis et
vicecomitis, reddidit annuatim de firma .xx. /., cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .vj. bobus, .j. equo, .iiij. vaccis et
iiij. suibus et .Ix. ovibus: et si adderentur .Ix. oves, villa
1 Omitted in MS.
3 Ashfield (Eascefelda) and Walsham (le Willows), both in Blackbourn Hundred,
follow immediately on Ixworth in Domesday (II, 439) and occur with it on p. 409
of the Red Book. Land in Westleton ( Westledestuna) is mentioned in Domesday
(II, 440), under Blything Hundred, as part of the fief.
* Stratford (St Mary), in the Stour Valley and in the Hundred of Samford, is
found in Domesday as one of the manors of Suain ' of Essex ' on the Essex and
Suffolk border. After the escheat of the ' barony ' to the Crown it was held, ut de
honore as half a fee, by the Montchensis (Red Book, p. 739, where the index wrongly
places it in Essex) of Edwardstone (see Cal. of Inq., II, p. 372). Cf. the Intro-
duction, p. xli.
valeret annuatim .xx. /. et .x. s. ; et precipitur instaurari.
Preter firmam recepit vicecomes intra hos .viij. annos, .ij. m.,
et annuatim .xx. gallinas, et de Adam de Eik .iij. m. pro
Clakestorp reddidit annuatim .vij. /. et .ij. s. de firma.
Et preterea recepit Jodlenus de placitis .v. s., et .iij. s. de
gersumiis. Preterea .xiiij. acre de guastiva sunt in dominio,
que nullum unquam fecerunt servicium.
Parva Farlingham reddidit annuatim .ix. /. cum hoc instaura-
mento, scilicet, .vj. bobus et .j. equo; et non potest plus
pati instauramenti, nee plus valere: preterea homines dederunt
vicecomiti annuatim infra hos .viij. annos .j. m. preter
firmam. 1 2
Rotulus de dominabus, pueris et puellis de .xij. comitatibus,
scilicet, de Middelsex et Essex, Hertfordsira et Bedefordsira
et Bukinghamsira, et Norfolk et Sudfolk, Cantebrigesira,
Huntedunesira, Norhantunsira, Roteland et Lincolnsira de itinere
Hugonis de Morewich, Radulfi Murdac et Willelmi Vauassoris
et Magistri Thome de Hesseburn'. 3
1 The last three paragraphs on this rotulet are struck out, and are followed by four
entries which have long ago been erased. The application of an ink restorer has not
resulted in rendering them sufficiently legible to make it possible to print them, or to
make any connected sense of them. The first entry refers to lands in Tedwest' belong-
ing to . . hingwic Wodhed et . . berti filii ejus," who were hanged for the death of a
man named Moysy or Meysy ; and mentions also Peter son of Peter who was outlawed ( ?)
on account of the same death. The lands are therefore now an escheat of the King.
The next entry mentions the manor of Lodinglond ( ? ) and a ploughland given by
the King's grandfather to a knight named Bertram, who lost his foot in the King's
service. He was succeeded by his son Henry, who left three ( ? ) daughters, of whom
Robert son of Ernald married the eldest.
In the third entry there is a name which looks like "Starlyng," and the King is
stated to have given some lady, whose name cannot be read, in marriage to " Hugoni
fil. Hen." Another name, perhaps "Westwich," also occurs.
Nothing can be made of the fourth entry. (C. T. M.)
2 Staverton, ' Clachestorp ' (which has not been identified) and Framlingham
appear in Domesday (II, 326b, 327) among the places in which Robert Malet (lord
of Eye) held outlying lands. So ' Farlingham ' seems to represent Framlingham.
This conjecture is confirmed by the Pipe Roll of this year (31 Hen. II, p. 41), which
groups ' Parva Framelingham ' with ' Clachestorp ' and Staverton among the King's
3 This is the endorsement which identifies the eyre for which these returns were
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS PUERIS ET PUELLIS DE
VERUM DICTUM DE HUNDREDO DE BRADEWATRE.
Comitissa de Hybernia est de donatione Domini Regis.
Weston', que est de dote sua, valet annuatim .xv. /. cum
instauramento quod ibi est, scilicet, .iij. carrucis et .ix. vaccis
et .ij. suibus et .j. verre et .xxviij. ovibus: et si essent
ibi .v. carruce et .ij. equi herzorii et .x. vacce et .j. taurus
et .x. sues et .j. verris et .cc. oves, que omnia possent ibi
esse, dicta villa valeret per annum .xx. I. 1
Marginal note: " d."
Clemencia, que fuit uxor Huberti de Sancto Claro, est de
donatione Domini Regis, et est .iiij ter .xx. annorum. Terra sua
in Weston' valet .iiij. /., .xij. d. minas; et si esset instaurata
de dimia 2 carrucata et .xl. ovibus, dicta terra valeret per annum
.c. s. 3
HUNDREDUM DE HODESCHAE. 4
Robertus de Habingwurthe tenuit .j. acram terre in Surreia,
in Micheham, et quando dictus Robertus obiit, occasione illius
acre fuit totum tenementum ejus seisitum in manu Domini
Regis cum herede suo, qui est leprosus, et est .xij. annorum,
1 The Countess of Ireland, as is explained in my Introduction to the Pipe Roll of
this year (31 Hen. II), was Eva of Leinster, widow of Gilbert (' Strongbow '), 2nd
Earl of Pembroke. Weston passed with ' Striguil,' as part of the forfeited (Domes-
day) holding of William of Eu (Ow), to the earl's father, Gilbert (de Clare). Hence
its appearance here as the dower of his son's widow.
2 Sic in MS.
3 The whole of Weston seems to be comprised in the preceding entry, nor does
Weston occur among the lands of the Lanvalleis, who were the heirs of Clemence.
But a charter of her grandson, William de Lanvallei, grants to the monks of St
John's, Colchester, certain lands ' pro dimidia virgata terre, quam dementia, avia
mea, predictis monachis pro anima matris mee Gunnore de maritagio suo in Westone
donaverat ' (Cart. Mon. Sancti Johannis Bap. de Colecestria, p. 199). This obviously
implies that Clemence obtained this portion of Weston as a marriage-portion and
was consequently a daughter or sister of its then holder. Another charter of the
same William (Harl. 52, I, 37, ex inform. H. J. Ellis) grants to Eustace ' de Roue-
cestria,' as half a knight's fee, 'totum terrain meam de Weston sicut dementia
avia mea earn tenuit die qua fuit viva et mortua.' For Clemence see also p. 47.
4 i.e. Odsey.
HERTFORD 'SIRE. 67
et in manu Robert! de Siflewast'. Robertus de Abbingburne
habuit .ij. hidas et .j. virgatam terre in Walingt', que sunt
in manu Domini Regis cum dicto herede. De .j. predictarum
hidarum et .j. virgata predicta et de .j. alia virgata terre
in Chahale, que est de eodem feodo, recepit Henricus de
Cornhil' ad opus Domini Regis per annum .xxx. s., sine in-
stauramento, de monachis Sancti Albani et de Willelmo de
Wanlington': et dicta hida et dimidia ita care fuerunt ainrmate,
ac si essent instaurate de .lx. ovibus. Et dimidiam carrucatam
aliam predictarum hidarum tenet Warinus de Bassingburn', per
servicium militis quantam spectat ad .j. hidam. Et sunt dicte
hide de feodo Rualdi Pincerne. 1
HUNDREDUM DE HERDFORD.'
Agnes de Valeines est de donatione Domini Regis et est
.1. annorum. Terre sue, scilicet Hortfordbur' et Hochwell',
valent .xv. /. per annum cum instauramento quod ibi est,
scilicet, .j. carruca apud Hortfordbur', et alia apud Holchwell',
.v. vaccis et .lx. ovibus et .v. suibus: et si ibi essent
.iij. carruce et .c. oves et .x. vacce et .j. taurus et .x. sues
et .j. verris, dicte terre valerent per annum .xx. I. 2
Matillis de Luuetot, que fuit filia Walteri filii Roberti, et
uxor Willelmi de Luuetot, est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .xxiiij. annorum; et habet de predicto Willelmo .j. filiam,
que est .vij. annorum et in custodia Radulfi Murdac. Ipsa
habet villam de Dine!' in dotem, que valet annuatim .xij. /.
cum instauramento quod ibi est, scilicet, .ij. carrucis et
.xxxvij. ovibus: et si esset ibi tertia carruca et .c. oves, villa
valeret .xv. I?
1 This is a striking illustration of the abuse of prerogative wardship. Because
one acre at Mitcham, Surrey, was held by the deceased, in capite, the Crown claimed
the rights over his Hertfordshire lands in Wallington (Odsey Hundred) and Clayhall,
which he held ' of the fee of Ruald Pincerna.' These were probably the lands in those
places which occur together in Domesday (137) as held of Earl Alan of Britanny.
2 Hertingfordbury she must have held in dower, for it had been confirmed to her
husband, Roger de Valognes, by the Empress Maud. Hochwell', or Holchwell',
suggests Hockwellbury in Offley, but the early history of that manor seems to be
3 Maud was daughter of the Lord of Dunmow, a cadet of the Clares, and sister of
the well-known Robert FitzWalter. (Temple) Dinsley, which she held in dower,
belonged to her husband, William de Luvetot, the Lord of Sheffield (see Pipe Roll,
30 Hen. II, pp. xxix. 99-100). Their daughter married Gerard de Furnival, and the
Luvetot lands descended through her to the Furnivals, from whom this manor was
known as Dinsley Furnival.
[Rot. 8. d.]
Endorsed: De Dominabus et eschaetis de Hertford'sire.
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS PUERIS ET PUELLIS
Filius Stephani de Bello Campo est in custodia Domini Regis,
et per ipsum in custodia Osberti de Glanuill', a festo Sancti
Andree proximo preterito, et fuit .iij. annorum ad Pascha
proximo preteritum. Stephanus de Bello Campo obiit anno
quo Ricardus Cantuariensis archiepiscopus obiit, ad festum
Sancti Eadmundi. Terra sua de Lammersse cum pertinenciis
seisita fuit in manum Domini Regis cum herede, et ad proxi-
mum Pascha sequens, liberata fuit custodia terre cum herede,
sine instauramento, Gileberto de ColeuuT, qui earn tenuit a
Pascha usque ad .xv. dies post festum Sancti Michaelis proxi-
mum; qui interim cepit de firma ville 1 .x. /., de Roberto de
Bello Campo .v. m. et .xx. arietes, de Ricardo de Bello Campo
.v. m., de Gaufrido de Bedeford' .xx. s., de Ernaldo .iij. m.
et .ij. s. et .viij. d., de Gaufrido Preposito .ij. m. et .ij. porcos,
de Rimilda vidua .xx. s., de Willelmo filio Wimarc' .xxj. s.,
de Willelmo Presbitero .j. m., de Roberto filio Coding' dim. m.,
de Gileberto filio Hoin dim. m. t de Nicolao dim. m., de Radulfo
Cristemesse .iij. s., de Willelmo de Stura .iij. s., de Nicolao
Correui .iij. s., de Ailrico .viij. s. Et Simon de Haspahal',
et Robertus Barat, servientes, habuerunt .iiij. s. Dictus Ste-
phanus habuit .iij. filias, quarum primogenita est .xiiij. annorum.
Post mortem Gileberti de ColeuuT, tradidit Dominus Rex
dictam terram, cum herede, Osberto de Glanuill', ad festum,
scilicet, Sancti Andree. Quando Gilebertus de Coleuill' tenuit 2
predictam villam, ipsa valebat annuatim .xj. /. de firma, cum
purcatiis, sine instauramento; et si esset instaurata de .v. car-
rucis et .ij. herzuriis, .xij. vaccis et .j. tauro, .x. suibus
et .j. verre et .c. ovibus, villa valeret annuatim .xxij. /. :
et non potest plus instauramenti pati, nee plus valere, quia
terra est nimium fallians. Preter dictam villam habuit dictus
Stephanus .j. carrucatam terre in Hald'eh' quam habuit de
purcatio, et reddebat inde redditum, unde superplusagium valet
.j. m. argenti.. In Fahirstiam, que est de eodem feodo, sunt
.vij. s. de asiso redditu, et .iij. ob. ; et .j. carruca de
1 ' villa/ MS.
2 Corrected from ' obiit.'
.vj. bobus, et .ij. equis et .j. herciorius 1 et .ij. vacce et .ij. sues
et .xx. oves, nee plus potest ibi esse instauramenti ; et cum
hoc instauramento valet .lx. s. In Senesfeld' sunt .viij. s.
de asiso redditu, in Straford' sunt .vj. s. de asiso redditu.
De eodem feodo Osbertus de GlanuilT cepit de Ernaldo .j. m.,
de Eilrico .v. s., pro fine .j. molendini. 2
Uxor Stephani de Bello Campo fuit filia Robert! comitis de
Marginal note: " d.d."
HUNDREDUM DE LEXEDEN.'
Uxor Robert! de StuteuuT est de donatione Domini Regis,
et de parentela Edward! de Salesburia ex parte patris, et ex
parte matris est de progenie Roger! de Reimes. Ipsa habet
1 Sic in MS.
2 This is one of four entries relating to Stephen de Beauchamp's son and heir. As
there is not much known about Stephen, his holding may be dealt with somewhat
fully. He was certainly a member of the Worcestershire house, for he held two
knight's fees of William de Beauchamp in 1166 (Red Book, p. 199) and had witnessed
the charter of the Empress to William in 1141 (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 314),
being, further, styled his brother in a charter of the same date (Charters in the British
Museum, I, No. 15). He also held a fee of the Lord of Wolverton, Hamo Fitz-
Meinfelin (Red Book, p. 314). But his chief tenancy was that which he held of the
escheated honour of Peverel of London and which made his heir a ward of the
Crown. These fees lay in Lammarsh (Hinckford Hundred) and Fairstead in Essex
and at Clopton and Icklingham in Suffolk, all of which occur in the Rotuli.
His son, also named Stephen, was in possession of his holdings in 1212, which
enables us to trace them in the Red Book. This son was succeeded, about the begin-
ning of Henry Ill's reign, by his four sisters, Isoude, Maud, Alice, and Idoine, all of
them married, as coheirs (Close Rolls, 2 Hen. Ill, m. 27 dors.; 13 Hen. Ill, m. 20;
Calendar of Suffolk Fines, p. 28). The Rotulus gives the family (in 1185) as one son
and four daughters.
Under Stephen, Henry II (Staffordshire Collections, v , pp. 9-11) and John
(Red Book, p. 566) Cotes in Derbyshire wa? held by a Stephen de Beauchamp.
Possibly a generation is omitted.
Hald'eh' is, apparently, a corrupt form; the d may be an A.S. thorn, and Stephen's
land seems to have run into Alphamston; Aldham is improbable. Fahirstiam also
seems corrupt. The other .places must be Shenfield and Stratford.
There is a good deal of chronology in the entries relating to Stephen. His lands
are here stated to be in the custody of Osbert de Glanville since St Andrew's day
(November 30) last past, and to have been previously in that of Gilbert de Coleville,
who (says a later Essex entry, p. 79) was dead. The death of Gilbert accounts for
the appearance of his widow and son, under Suffolk, in the Rotuli, as in the King's
hands. Gilbert is variously stated in the record to have held Stephen's lands
from a fortnight before Easter to October 28 in the year preceding (p. 61), and
(here) from Easter to October 13. Easter, in 1184, fell on April 1. The Arch-
bishop had died February 16, 1 1 8| and Stephen (as I reckon) November 20 preceding.
3 See p. 25 above.
.j. villam que vocatur Diham, que est hereditas ejus, que
valet annuatim .xxiiij. /. : ipsa habet .j. filium et .ij. filias,
et nescitur eorum etas a juratoribus. 1 Marginal note " d."
Willelmus de Lanuall' est in custodia Domini Regis, et habet
totam terram suam, et nescitur a juratoribus quid valeat, nee
etas ejus. 2
Gaufridus de Saukeuill' est in custodia Domini Regis, et
Radulfus de Dena habuit custodiam .x. annis elapsis, et adhuc
habet. Ipse habet in hundredo de Lexeden', Bures et Burcot',
que valent .xxiij. /., et non possunt plus valere. Etas ejus
nescitur a juratoribus. 3 Marginal note: "d."
1 This entry, which relates to Dedham on the Suffolk border, has been fully dis-
cussed by me in Geoffrey de Mandeville, pp. 400-404), where is given the reference to
the origin of (' Leonia '), Robert de Stuteville's wife, as discussed in Notes and Queries
(1872). She is still a mysterious personage, who not only appears as holding a
barony of fifteen fees in Derbyshire (Red Book, p. 565; Testa, p. 19), but also as a
coparcener of the Cambridgeshire Honour of Bourne, of which she held two and a
half fees (Red Book, pp. 82, 106, 529), although she is not mentioned as such in the
Barnwell book (Liber Memorandorum ecclesie de Bernewelle, p. 48). Her holding
at Dedham, on the Raimes fief, occurs in the Red Book (p. 504) as at ' Biham.' In
1190 Richard de Reimes complained that William, son of Robert de Stuteville
' habet in dominico dimidium militem in Dedham ' ( ibid. p. 78).
As she and ' Hubert Fitz Ralf ' appear together under John as holding fifteen
fees each, they probably shared the barony which an earlier Hubert Fitz Ralf
returned in 1166 as of thirty fees. And this view is supported by the entry in 1187 :
' Henricus de Stoteville .xv. /. de feodo quod est inter ipsum et Hubertum filium
Radulfi ' (Red Book, p. 64). Henry seems to have had his English lands forfeited,
as a Norman supporter of Philip, in 1203 (Rot. Norm., p. 92; Testa, p. 19), and his
mother Leonia complained that her own lands in Derbyshire were seized on that
account. She had to redeem them.
The suit of 1203 recorded in the Placitorum Abbreviatio (p. 41), certainly establishes
the fact that Robert de Brettevill recovered the advowson of Gunby, Lines, on the
plea that Gunby had been given to him, half for service and half in maritagium, by
Robert de Stuteville, who had married Leonia, daughter of Edward de Salisbury,
whose right, as such, to the manor had been established under Henry II. He must,
therefore, have married one of the daughters in the text.
2 William de Lanvallei, who will recur in another Essex entry, came of a Breton
stock. His land in this Hundred was the manor of Stanway which he inherited from
the family of St. Clare (see p. 66, above for Hubert de St. Clare). For both these
families the cartulary of St. John's, Colchester (printed by the Roxburghe Club)
affords valuable evidence.
3 Geoffrey de Sauqueville, whose family were named from Sauqueville in the
valley of the Scie, between Dieppe and Longueville (see my paper on ' The Essex
Sackvilles' in Arch. Journ., LXIV, 218, and Peerage and Pedigree, i, 286), was the
youthful son of Jordan de Sauqueville by Ela, daughter of Ralf de Dene ,of Sussex,
and foundress of Otham Abbey. It was this marriage that brought the ' Sackvilles '
into connexion with Sussex. In Essex they held (Mount) Bures and (West) Bergholt
near the Suffolk border, which were held in 1086, by Roger Pictaviensis. Hence these
lands were held by Geoffrey de Sauqueville, in 1212, of the Crown as of the Honour
of Lancaster (Red Book, p. 590).
Geoffrey's mother, Ela, who was dowered in West Bergholt and the Norman lands
of the house, had a second husband, William de Marci, by whom she was mother
of Ralf de Marci. The Sauquevilles were benefactors of St. John's, Colchester.
HUNDREDUM DE TENDRING'.
Comitissa Juliana est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
soror comitis Albrici. Ipsa habet in hundredo de Tendring'
.j. villam, scilicet Duuercurt, que valet .xxx. /., et Lexedene,
que valet .x. /., et est de feodo comitis Albrici. 1
Marginal note: "d."
Alizia de Tany est de donatione Domini Regis; terra ejus
valet .vij. /., et ipsa habet .v. filios et .ij. filias, et heres
ejus est .xx. annorum, de progenie Roger! de Reimes. 2
HUNDREDUM DE HEINGFORD'.
Filia Willelmi de Elint' est in custodia Domini Regis, et
est .xv. annorum, et est neptis Parish' Archidiaconi. Stiestede,
quam predictus Willelmus tenuit de monachis Cantuariensibus
reddendo inde .x. /., post mortem illius fuit in manu Domini
Regis, cum filia ejusdem Willelmi, et in custodia vicecomitis
Essex', qui primo anno inde recepit .iiij. /., .iiij. s. minus;
secundo anno .iiij. m. cum hoc instauramento, scilicet, .x. bobus,
.v. equis: et si essent ibi .xvj. boves et .iiij. equi, et
1 Juliane, widow of Hugh (Bigod), Earl of Norfolk, had brought Dovercourt (with
Harwich), as her marriage-portion, from the De Veres to the Bigods, who subse-
quently held it of the former. ' Lexedene ' cannot have been ' Lexden,' which
was not in Tendring Hundred and was not held by either family. I believe it to
have been the manor of Ingledesthorp in Earls Colne (which was in Lexden Hun-
dred), which was held of the Bigods ' as of their manor of Dovercourt ' and which I
identify with the ' Coles,' in Lexden Hundred, that was held by Aubrey de Vere
in 1086, when it was valued, as here, as worth ^10 a year at the Conquest.
The other husband of the Countess was Walchelin Maminot of Kent.
2 This entry should be read with that which relates to this Alice under Hinckford
Hundred, which follows. It is clear that Alice was daughter and heir of that William
Fitz ' Jocelin ' whom Richard de Reimes (or Raimes) returned in 1166 as withholding
from him the service due from his two fees (Red Book, p. 356). After the King had
given her in marriage to Picot de Tani, it was Picot who was charged with with-
holding the service due for these fees (ibid., pp. 38, 78, 730). It might be very
difficult to say where they were, but for a curious record of the Reimes fief in
the Testa (pp. 275-276), where we read: 'Willelmus filius Goscelini tenfuit] feoda
.ij. militum in Ardel et in Reimes. Modo tenet Radulfus Pikot in serjeantia ut dicit.'
The manors, therefore, were those of ' Picotts ' in Ardleigh (in Tendring Hundred)
and a manor in Rayne (in Hinckford Hundred). The words ' ut dicit ' will be dealt
with in the note to the other entry (p. 72) .
.vj. vacce et .j. taurus, .iiij. sues et .j. verris, et .lx. oves, dicta
villa valeret .vj. /., preter firmam monacorum, scilicet, .x. /- 1
Avicia de Listen', que fuit uxor Godefridi Camerarii, et
filia Roberti de Listen', est in donatione Domini Regis, et
terra ejus valet .xl. s., et est hereditas ejus; et habet .j. filium,
qui est .xxj. annorum; et ipsa debet facere canestellos, ad
summonitionem, ad festum Regis. 2
Avicia que fuit uxor Nicolai de Stelbing' et filia Johannis
de Mariny, est in donatione Domini Regis, et terra sua valet
.ij. m. : et ipsa habet .ij. filios; primogenitus est .xij. annorum,
et in custodia Domini Regis, et per eum in custodia Petri
Picot, et terra ipsius valet .iiij. m?
Alicia, filia Willelmi filii Godcelin', quam [tradidit] Dominus
Rex Picot o de Tani, est in donatione Domini Regis, et tenet
de Domino Rege, et de feodo Ricardi de Ramis; et terra
sua valet .vij. /. : et ipsa habet .v. filios, et primogenitus
est .xx. annorum, et .ij. filias. Picot de Tani habuit dictam
terrain .v. annis elapsis, cum autumpnus venerit. 4
1 Something has been said in the Introduction of this entry as affording, in con-
junction with the evidence of the Pipe Rolls, a note of time. In her paper on ' The
Owners of Allington Castle' (Archceologia Cantiana) Miss Conway has well worked
out its early history and has dealt with William de ' Elinton ' and his daughter,
whose name was Aveline and who was given in marriage by Richard I to Osbert de
Longchamp, a brother of the chancellor (cf. Essex Fines, p. 34). Though neither
Allington nor Stisted was held in capite, the Ovenhill serjeanty, which she also held
made her a ward of the Crown. It should be observed that Stisted was held of the
Canterbury monks at a standing rent (fir ma) of ^10 a year, so that the Allington
family only received the beneficial rent above that sum. ' Paris ' was archdeacon
2 This was the well-known ' Waferer serjeanty,' on which see The King's Serjeants,
pp. 227-231. The manor was Listen Overhall, and the son was John ' films Gode-
fridi' (Testa, p. 267), alias John de Liston, who was succeeded by another Godfrey
(ibid., p. 266).
3 Neither ' Avicia ' nor her land can be positively identified, but it was probably
the manor of Porters Hall in Stebbing. The Red Book shows that a John de Stebbing
was holding half a fee of the Honour of Peverel (of London) under John, but the
Testa (p. 267) definitely states that he held a quarter of a hide in Stebbing worth
ten shillings a year, by serjeanty, early in the reign of Henry III. The ' Mariny '
family gave its suffix to Layer Marney (Essex). For Peter Picot see The King's
Serjeants, p. 128.
4 This lady has been dealt with already in p. 71, note 2 above. She (or her son) is
described in the previous entry as ' de progenie Rogeri de Reimes ' and her land is
entered in this one as ' de feodo Ricardi de Ramis.' It was shown above that her
holding in this Hundred of Hinckford was at ' Rayne.' It is also placed in Little
(parva) Rayne by the Testa on p. 267, and, according to Morant Ralf Picot succeeded
in ' Reines and Ardeley.' Nevertheless, there is no such manor in Rayne. But in
Saling adjoining there is a manor of ' Picotts ' which extends into Rayne and this
is proved to be the manor required by an entry in the Red Book (p. 506) : ' Radulfus
Philippus de Danmartin, films Philippi, est in custodia Domini
Regis, et terra sua valet .lx. s. 1
Marginal note to the last four entries: " d."
Willelmus filius Willelmi de Curci est in custodia Domini
Regis, et per eum in custodia Roberti le Poher, et est .xx. an-
norum. Werefeld', terra sua, valet per annum .xx. /.; et
dictus Robertus habuit custodiam jam .xv. annis. 2
VERUMDICTUM DE ROCHEFORD. 3
Filius Guidonis de Rocheford', scilicet Johannes, est in custodia
Domini Regis, et est .xvj. annorum, et habet fratrem .xij. an-
Picot .j. carucatam in Erdele et .j. carucatam in Salinges per serjanteriam custo-
diendi . j . nisum ad opus domini Regis ; et est de feodo de Reymes, ut dicitur' This is
also the tenure alleged for the double holding on p. 267 of the Testa.
It is, therefore, clearly established that what the Picots held, as successors of
William Fitz Goscelin, were the manors of Picotts in Ardleigh and Picotts in Saling,
both of which they claimed to hold by a sparrow-hawk serjeanty, but which, on the
other hand, were alleged to be held by knight-service of the Reimes fief. This identi-
fication affects the Domesday entries relating to Rayne and Saling.
In 1189 Richard I confirmed to St Botolph's Priory, Colchester, its land ' de feudo
Alicie filie Roberti (sic.) filii Goscelini.' The names, it will be seen, are almost identi-
cal, but not quite.
1 The unnamed land (terra) must be Belchamp St Ethelbert in Ovington. This and
Belchamp Otton were both held of the Honour of Boulogne (Testa, pp. 274-275), but
they must be carefully distinguished. The latter was certainly held by the Fitz Oto
family (the Court goldsmiths), so it was the former that was held by Danmartin.
This corrects Cal. of Inq., n, pp. 38, 528, and iv, No. 253, where Philip Daumartyn's
manor of ' Belchamp Abbots,' in 1274, is identified as Belchamp Walter. The
holder in the Testa survey was Thomas Daumartyn (cf. Red Book, pp. 500, 580).
2 This entry relates to Wethersfield, the history of which it carries back further
than in Morant's Essex. It also affects the pedigree of Courcy, for Dugdale over-
looked it. The successive Williams of this line have been a trouble to genealogists,
but the important statement that, at the date of the Rotulus, Robert le Poher had
had charge of this minor's land should be compared with its appearance on the Pipe
Roll of 1171 (17 Hen. n, p. 18) as in the King's hands and in the charge of William
(not Robert) ' Lepuiher ' and Hugh pincerna. The elder William de Courcy was
certainly alive at Michaelmas, 1169 (Pipe Roll, 15 Hen. II, p. 3) and (apparently)
dead in 1171. Mr. Eyton made him live to 1176, but he may have been confused
with another William de Courcy, head of the Norman house, though the point is still
obscure. From his return (as the King's dapifer) in 1166 (Red Book, pp. 224-225) we
learn that part of his barony was derived from his father and part through his mother
( Avicia) from William Meschin.
Wethersfield, with other of this minor's holdings, passed, with the heiress, Alice
de Courcy, under Richard I, to her husbands, (1) Henry de Cornhill and (2) Warin
FitzGerold, the latter of whom was holding ' Werrefeld, de honore Curcy ' in 1212
(Red Book, p. 498). It descended, however, to the Nevills, the heirs of her first
marriage, through her daughter Joan (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 310); see also my
note on Wethersfield in Essex Arch. Trans. [N.S.], vm, 332-333.
3 In Rochford Hundred.
nonim, et sororem .xiiij. annorum. Rocheford' est terra ejus,
que valeret 1 annuatim .xij. /., cum rationabili instauramento,
quod totum ibi deficit: et hoc potest ibi esse instauramenti,
.vj. vacce, .j. taurus, .x. sues et .j. verris, .ij. carruce, .xij. xx
et .x. oves et .xxv. arietes. Et hoc precipitur instaurari. Cus-
todes receperunt firma 2 Pasce .xvj. s. 3 de firma marisci ad
Pascha .xviij. s. 4
Marginal note: " Instaur' "
[Rot. 9. d.]
Beredene dimidia, que fuit Gwidonis de Rocheford' 5 , cum una
hida de feodo comitis Willelmi, valet .xj. /. et .x. s. 5 cum
rationabili instauramento, scilicet, .ij. carrucis, .iiij. vaccis,
.j. tauro, .v. suibus et .j. verre, et .lx. ovibus et .vj. arietibus.
et precipitur instaurari. Custodes receperunt de firma .xiij. s.,
et de fine cujusdam vidue .xx. s. 4
Marginal note: " Instaur."
VERUMDICTUM DE HACKEFLETE.
Hackefleta valet annuatim .viij. /. cum rationabili instaura-
mento, scilicet, .j. carruca et .ij. vaccis et .j. tauro,
xij. xx ovibus et .xxiiij. arietibus, et .j. herciorio. De hiis .viij. l. t
1 Corrected from ' valet annuatim .x. /.'
2 Sic in MS.
3 The words after '.xvi. s.' are struck out.
4 These two holdings can be discussed together, and on the Pipe Roll of this year
(31 Hen. II, p. 44) they are grouped together. The Pipe Rolls, as was shown in the
introduction to the Rotuli, throw light on the succession to Guy de Rochford, the
father, whose name can be traced back on them as far as 1170 (16 Hen. II.). This
demolishes the pedigree of the family given in Morant's History of Essex. Rochford,
in Rochford Hundred, and Berden at the other end of the county were part of the
escheated fief of Henry of Essex and were held, with Elsenham in this county, by
this family as three and a half knight's fees (Testa, p. 738; cf. Cal. of Inq., n, No. 68).
The hide in Berden here spoken of as of Earl William's fee reappears, under Henry III,
in the Testa (p. 271) as a quarter-fee ' de honore de Maundevill.' It may be repre-
sented among the Domesday Invasiones of Geoffrey de Mandeville in Arkesden and
5 The words between these marks are substituted for ' valet annuatim .x. /.'
debent monachi de Monte Sancte Trinitatis habere .v. m.
annuatim, et .v. s. de fine cujusdam femine. 1
Ecclesia dicte ville est de donatione Domini Regis, quam
Tomas Bardulf dedit Henrico de Fontibus, cum mesagio et
.xl. acris et .j. marisco de .xl. s. : et hoc postquam predicta
Hackefleta fuit in manu Domini Regis. De catallis venditis
habuit Henricus de CornhiH' .xl. m., preter predictas prisas. 2
Uxor Guidonis de Rocheford fuit desponsata tempore Guidonis
filii sui, et nescitur a juratoribus de cujus fuerit donatione,
quia inde causa vertitur. 8
VERUMDICTUM DE HUNDREDO DE ANGRE.
Herebertus de Luci est in custodia Domini Regis, et per
eum in custodia Godefridi de Luci. Terra ipsius de Stanford',
cum pertinenciis, valet per annum .1. /. cum instauramento
quod ibi habetur, scilicet, .viij. vaccis, et .xlvij. ovibus et
.iiij. junioribus animalibus et .vj. carrucis et .v. porcis et
.j. verre et .xx. hogastris; nee plus potest instauramenti pati.
Instauramentum de Grenested' sunt .ij. carruce. Preter firmam
recepit Godefridus de Luci, intra hos .iiij. annos, de dictis
villis, .xv. m. Et preterea dictus Herebertus habet .c. solidatas
terre in eodem hundredo, quas comes Glouecestr' dedit Ricardo
1 ' Custodes receperunt .xxvj. s. de firma marisci' is struck out here.
2 Although ' Hackeflete ' is here entered as if it were among the Rochford holdings,
it is not found among them except on the Pipe Roll of this year (p. 44), where we
find the parallel statement ' Et monacis de Sancta Trinitate super montem apud
Roth[omagum] .v. m. de servitio terre de Acflet.' It was clearly identical, as I have
elsewhere shown (V.C.H. Essex, i, 395), with the 'Hacflet' which appears in Domesday
as in Dengey Hundred and as held by Bishop Odo (of Bayeux). But that manor has,
hitherto, defied identification. The endowment of Mont St. Catherine (Sancte
Trinitatis), Rouen, gives no assistance, but the entry relating to the church provides
a clue. For the church of Bradwell juxta mare with its glebe reckoned here as in
Domesday at 40 acres remained in the presentation of the Bardulf family till 1403.
For the early descent of Bradwell the essential evidence is the entry in the survey
of 1212 (Red Book, p. 499; Testa, p. 268), which states that ' Bradewelle ' was given
by Henry II' s brother, William (d. 1164) to Thomas Bardulf, who retained a quarter
of it in his own hands. This seems to have carried the advowson with it. Thomas
Bardulf appears on the Pipe Rolls of 1187 and 1190 as holding of the Honour of
Peverel of London in Essex (Red Book, pp. 66, 78) . The identification of ' Hackefleta '
here suggested is not advanced without long and careful consideration by the writer.
3 I take this to mean that the widow of Guy de Rochford the elder had re-mar-
ried before the death of her elder son Guy, who had now been succeeded by his
younger brother, John.
de Luci; et hundredum, quod reddit .x. m. per annum.
Herebertus de Luci est .xiiij. annorum. 1
VERUMDICTUM DE ESTUDELEFORD'. 2
Comitissa de Ibernia est de donatione Domini Regis; films
ejus est in custodia Domini Regis, et est .xij. annorum.
Cestreford', que est dos ejus, valet annuatim .xij. /. sine
instauramento ; et si esset instaurata de .ij. carrucis et
c. ovibus et .vj. vaccis et .j. tauro et .vij. porcis, ipsa
valeret .xx. /. 3
Beatricia de Say est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.iiij." annorum. Terra sua de Rikling' valet annuatim .xv. I.
sine instauramento; et si esset instaurata de .ij. carrucis et
.ij. vaccis et .j. tauro, et . . . ovibus et .xx. porcis, dicta villa
valeret annuatim .xx. /.*
VERUMDICTUM DE CLAVERING.
Alicia de Essex' est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.iiij. xx annorum, et tenet Clavering sicut dotem suam, de
1 This entry has been fully discussed in my paper on ' the Honour of Ongar ' (Essex
Arch. Trans. fN.S.], vn, 142-152). Herbert de Luci was a son of Geoffrey and a
grandson of Richard de Luci, the great minister and justiciar under Stephen and
Henry II. He was in ward to his uncle Godfrey, who became Bishop of Winchester
in 1189. Stanford (Rivers) and (Chipping) Ongar, which were manors of the Honour
of Boulogne, were given by Stephen and his queen to Richard de Luci, and Greensted
by Ongar, in the Honour of Gloucester, was given him by William, Earl of Gloucester.
The Hundred of Ongar was given him in fee by Henry II, whom he had served
so faithfully. Herbert was succeeded at Ongar by his sister Maud, from whose
husband Stanford derived its suffix of ' Rivers.' See also my paper on ' The heirs
of Richard de Lucy ' in Genealogist [N.S.], xv, 129-133.
2 This is the Hundred of East Uttlesford, Uttlesford Hundred, as the Pipe Rolls
show, being then divided into ' East ' and ' West.'
3 Great Chesterford, which had been royal demesne, must have been held by
Gilbert (' Strongbow'), Earl of Pembroke (d. 1176), for it is here the dower of
his widow, Eva, daughter of Dermot Mac Murrough. This entry seems to prove
that he left by her a son, who must, however, have died young, for his sister Isabel
was her father's heir when she married William Marshal in 1189. It should be
observed that the entry does not mention her.
4 Old Beatrice de Say was a sister of the notorious Geoffrey (de Mandeville), first
Earl of Essex, and married William de Sai. On the death of her nephew, William,
3rd Earl of Essex, in 1180, she became heir to his fief and a contest ensued between
her heirs for it (see Pipe Roll Soc., x, 98-99). She is stated to have died at Rickling
in August, 1207, so that she can hardly have been eighty years old in 1185, though
undoubtedly of great age.
feodo Henrici de Essex. Et valet Clavering .xl. /. cum hoc
instauramento, scilicet, .vj. carrucis, .c. ovibus, .iiij. vaccis et
.j. tauro, .vj. suibus et .j. verre, et .ij. hercioriis. Dicta
Alizia habet .ij. filios milites, et in comitatu Norhampton
habet .xxx. libratas terre, de feodo comitis Willelmi. 1
Dominus Rex dedit filio Thome filii Bernard', filiam Walteri
de Caune, cum Wanbrige, que valet annuatim .xx. /. cum
pertinenciis ; et ipsa est .v. annorum, et est in custodia uxoris
que fuit Thome filii Bernard', post mortem ipsius Thome. 2
Agnes de Valuines est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.lx. annorum, et eo amplius; et tenet Hecham et Leic', que
valent annuatim .xiiij. l. s
Margareta de Tony est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.lx. annorum; terra sua in Welcumestowe valet per annum
.xxiiij. /. 4
1 This entry was discussed by me in my paper ' Who was Alice of Essex ? ' (Essex
Arch. Trans. [N.S.], in, 243-251), as was also the previous entry on p. 29. My
conclusion was that she was daughter of Aubrey de Vere and sister of Aubrey, first
Earl of Oxford (and of Roese, wife of Geoffrey, first Earl of Essex), and that she
married, as his second wife, Robert of Essex (of Rayleigh and Clavering), father (by
his previous wife, Gunnor) of Henry of Essex. In a further paper, on ' A charter
of Alice of Essex ' (ibid., vin, 329), I showed that she had, as her marriage-portion
from her father, the Essex manor of Ugley, which descended to her heirs, the Claver-
ings, whose ancestor, Roger Fitz Richard, was her second husband. For Aynho,
her Northamptonshire manor, see p. 29, above.
2 This entry is dealt with in the Introduction (p. xxxiii), where, also, it is shown that
' Wanbrige ' is Fambridge ' (see p. xliv). It may be added that the ' son ' in this
entry was named John Fitz Bernard and that, as such, he is returned under John
as holding ' Ruch ' (i.e. Reed, Herts) cum filiabus (sic) Walteri de Kaune,' by the
service of one knight (Testa, p. 275; cf. pp. 270, 274; Red Book, p. 581). This is the
Walter of the text.
3 Higham (Bensted) in Walthamstow and Ley ton were both Valognes manors
and are entered together in Domesday. This is one of the three entries on the
Rotuli relating to Agnes de Valognes.
4 The Pipe Rolls throw considerable light on this entry. So early as 1 164 Margaret
' uxor Radulfi de Toeni ' accounts for ^4 ' de superplus de Welcumesto ' (Pipe Roll,
10 Hen. II, p. 38; cf. ibid., 12 Hen. II, p. 125, 13 Hen. II, p. 152, where it is spoken of
as her dower). The Roll of 1174 (p. 68) defines it as 'superplus de .xx. li. de Wel-
comestowa dote sua.' These entries support the valuation of 24= in the Rotulus.
Margaret, therefore, was the widow of a Ralf de Toeni, from whose family the manor
became known as Walthamstow Tony. A Norfolk charter at Holkham Hall, of
which a transcript was sent me by the late General Wrottesley, has for its first
witnesses ' Rogero de Thoeni filio Radulfi de Thoeni et Margareta matre ejus.'
Ralf de Toeni, who held the manor in 1212 by personal service in the host says
the Red Book seems to have been son of this Roger de Toeni, and grandson of the
elder Ralf, whose ' land ' is mentioned on the Pipe Roll of 1162 (8 Hen. II, p. 25).
The family also held Flamstead, Herts, etc. etc.
HUNDREDUM DE TURST'. 1
Willelmus films Galfridi de Tresgoz est in custodia Domini
Regis, et per eum in custodia Roberti de Luci, cujus filiam
duxit in uxorem; et tenet de honore Peuerelli, et est .xvij. an-
nomm. Terra sua de Toleshunt, cum instauramento, valet
.adj. I. 2
HUNDREDUM DE WALTHAM.
Uxor Turstini de Waltham est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .xxxvj. annorum, et habet .ij. filios et .ij. filias; primo-
genitus est .vj. annorum et dimidii; ipsa habet .j. carrucatam
terre, et reddit inde .xiiij. s. annuatim Domino Regi. Ricardus
filius Alcheri habet earn in custodia per Dominum Regem. 3
HUNDREDUM DE WITHAM.
Amabilia de Tresgoz est de donatione Domini Regis, et fuit
filia Roberti Greslei, et habet filium Willelmum nomine, filium
Galfridi de Tresgoz, et .iiij. filias. Filius ejus est in custodia
Roberti de Luci, et fuit .viij. annis, et est .xvij. annorum.
Predicta Mabilia tenet manerium de Dunteshale, quod valet
.xij. /. et .xvij. s. cum instauramento quod potest pati, preter
hoc quod inde reddit. 4
2 This family held six knight's fees of the escheated Honour of Peverel (of London)
in Tolleshunt Tregoz, Essex, Billingford, Norfolk, etc. (See my paper on ' Tregoz
of Tolleshunt Tregoz' in Essex Arch. Trans. [N.S.], vm, 330-332). An earlier
William was their tenant in 1130 and 1141. (Geoffrey de Mandeville, p. 142.) William's
father Geoffrey had died so far back as 1171, when his manors were taken over and
stocked by the sheriff (Pipe Roll, 17 Hen. II, p. 124). In 1175 the sheriff again
accounted for them and for their stocking up to Robert de Lucy taking them over
(ibid., 21 Hen. II, pp. 77-78), on receiving, the above entry shows, the custody of the
heir. On that occasion 8 was allotted to Geoffrey's widow for the support of their
children. William paid 100 for his succession on coming of age in 1188 (ibid.,
34 Hen. II). His mother is the subject of an entry below. As he married Robert
de Luci's daughter, Robert had doubtless acquired his ' marriage ' with his wardship.
3 Turstin ' de Waltham ' can be identified by the Roll of the preceding year
(Pipe Roll, 30 Hen. II, p. 134) as a brother of Richard Fitz Aucher (Alcheri). They
were sons of Aucher (Alcherus) the huntsman, joint fermor of Waltham, with which
place the family were closely associated. Richard, who was in favour with
Henry II, held the manor of (High) Laver and afterwards obtained Copt Hall. He
had also a holding in Waltham, which seems to have gone with a forestership. These
holdings passed to his descendants (e.g. Cal. oflnq., iv, No. 172).
4 Sister of Albert Gresle, of whom the Rotuli have much to say. She is holding in
dower the Tregoz manor of Blunts Hall (in Witham) here ' Dunteshale.' It is
of interest to observe that Robert de Luci had obtained the wardship at least as early
as 1175 and therefore more than ' eight years ' before the date of the Rotulus. This
seems to confirm the suggestion, made in the Introduction, that this term of ' eight
years ' refers, throughout the Rotuli, to some definite starting-point.
Eustacius filius Willelmi de Howe est in custodia Domini
Regis, et Stephanus de GlanuiU' habet inde custodiam. Dictus
Eustacius [est] .xviij. annorum, et habet .j. fratrem et
.ij. sorores. Terra sua de How valet .c. s. cum instauramento ;
et ipse [est] nepos H. 1 vicecomitis Bolonie. 2
SECUNDtJS ROTULUS DE ESSEX' DE DOMINABUS
PUERIS ET PUELLIS.
Cristiana filia Willelmi filii Gerarard' 3 est de donatione Do-
mini Regis, et est .xxv. annorum. Terra quam tenet de Rege
valet .xx. s.; terra quam tenet de Gileberto Mauduit valet
dim. m. : et ita tota terra valet .ij. m. Willelmus pater
ejus fuit filius Gerardi Toci 4 de Hadfeld', de honore Peverelli,
et ipsa fuit neptis Rogeri de Langeford'; et est seisita de
terra sua, sed nescitur per quern. 6
Filius Stephani de Bello Campo est in custodia Domini Regis,
et per eum in custodia Osberti de GlanvilT, post mortem
Gileberti de ColeuilT, qui prius habuit custodiam: et est .iij. an-
norum. Terra sua in Fairested' valet annuatim .lx. s.,
que non potest plus valere. 6
1 There is a dot beneath the H. probably for deletion.
2 The ' land of How ' was Hoo Hall in Rivenhall, a manor on the Boulogne
fief, which was held by a serjeanty very variously described. A ' Norfolk ' fine of
1195, printed by the Society (Vol. xvn, p. 34), illustrates this entry. Eustace
' de Ho ' there appears as grandson and heir of ' Warnerius,' whose widow has
married Baldwin de Bures. She seeks her dower from Eustace, who assigns to her
land in Rivenhall (Riwehale) for life. Two Essex fines of 1218 carry on the story by
proving that Maud, widow of Eustace de Ho, had married William de Fraxineto,'
and claimed her dower in ' Rewenhale,' while Felice, daughter of Eustace, had married
William Martel (Essex Fines, p. 49). At about the same time William Martel and
Ralf Coggeshall are entered as holding this land, valued at 4, in right of their wives
by serjeanty of chamberlain to the Count of Boulogne (Testa, p. 267). From their
tenure this manor was known as ' Kartells ' or ' Coggeshalls.' When Felice died
her tenure was described as ' finding a moiety of an esquire ' in the host with doublet,
lance and iron cap (Cal. oflnq., i, No. 239).
* For Coci.
5 Gilbert Mauduit held a knight's fee of the Honour of Peverel ('of London'
alias 'of Hatfield Peverel') under Henry III (Red Book, pp. 591, 740; Cal. oflnq., i,
No. 481). For William Mauduit' s holding in Hatfield Peverel adjoining (the subject
of this entry) in 1253 see Cal. oflnq., i, No. 261. Part of it extended into Langford,
whence Roger, doubtless, derived his name.
6 See p. 68, above. The manor is Fairsted.
Willelmus de Lanuall' est in custodia Domini Regis, et est
.Ix. 1 annorum, et habet terram suam in manu sua. Terra sua
in Hallingeburia valet per annum .xvij. I. 2
Henricus de Valuines est in custodia Domini Regis, et per
eum in custodia Hugonis de Morewich', et est .xviij. annorum.
Terra sua in Salinges, tempore Willelmi de Vesci, solet esse
ad firmam pro .xvij. /., et ex illo tempore fuit ad firmam
pro .xij. /. per annum. 3
Robertus films Roberti de Setvans est in custodia Domini
Regis, et per eum in custodia vicecomitis de Essex', et est
.xij. annorum. Terra sua de Wigeberga fuit in manu Domini
Regis, elapso .j. anno a Piphania. 4 Malger et Ricardus re-
ceperunt inde firmam .ij. terminorum, scilicet .xvij. s. ad
Pascha, et todidem 1 ad festum Sancti Michaelis; postea com-
misit vicecomes terram illam Rogero Preposito, pro .xj. /.,
cum .j. carruca de .vj. bobus, et .iiij. equis: et si essent
ibi .ij. carruce et .cc. oves et .viij. vacce et .xx. porcis, 1
tune valeret terra .xvj. /. Et precipitur instaurari. Et si
terra de Colecestr' foret ei adjunct a, cum pertinenciis, et
molendinum esset reparatum, dicta terra valeret per annum
.xx. /. 6
Filius Willelmi filii Aluredi est in custodia Domini Regis,
et per eum in custodia Henrici de Cornhiir, et habet
.ij. fratres et .iiij. sorores. Torindune, terra dicti Willelmi, fuit
in manu dicti Henrici, elapso .j. anno a festo Omnium Sanctorum,
qui primo anno cepit inde .x. s., et hoc anno .v. s. Dicta
terra valet sine instauramento .1. s., et cum instauramento .lv. 6
2 This was the manor of Great Hallingbury, which passed to William's heirs. See
also p. 66. There is obviously something strange about William's alleged age.
3 This entry presents great difficulty, because neither Saling nor any other Essex
manor is known to be connected with Vesci or with Henry de Valognes. But the
Pipe Roll of two years later (Red Book, p. 68) shows Henry de Valognes holding a
knight's fee on the fief of Eustace (son of William) de Vesci, then in the King's hands
through a minority (see p. 9, above). This would give the King the wardship of
the Vesci tenants also and it so far explains the entry as to show that the reference
in the text is to the time when William de Vesci was holding his fief. Hugh de
Morewich, who has here the custody, had that of the whole Vesci fief (p. 10, above).
4 Sic in MS.
5 (Little) Wigborough was held by this family under the Earls of Gloucester.
6 This small estate was possibly in East Horndon, for Henry de Cornhill held the
manor of Abbots in East Thorndon, as one knight's fee of the Honour of Peverel
of Nottingham (V . C. H. Essex, i, 399). Possibly it was identical with that which is
entered below as ' Thorindune.'
NORHUNDREDUM DE CHELMEREFORD'. 1
Films Radulfi de Busseuill', qui tenet de Honore Peuerelli,
est in custodia Domini Regis, et per eum in custodia matris
sue, et est .vij. annorum. Terra sua in Springefeld' valet
per annum cum instauramento .viij. /., quas mater ejus reddit
Domino Regi. 2
Uxor que fuit Radulfi de Busseuill', que fuit filia Osberti
filii Aucheri, est in donatione Domini Regis, et habet .ij. filios
et .ij. filias, quorum primogenitus est .vij. annorum. Ipsa
habet in Springefeld' .iiij. libratas terre in dote. Dicta villa
valet annuatim .xij. /. cum instauramento .ij. carrucarum et
.vj. vaccarum et .xl. ovium et .xx. porcorum. 3
Cristiana de Ruilia est in donatione Domini Regis, et habet
custodiam filii sui, qui est .xij. annorum, . . . 4 est hereditas
ejus, et valet annuatim .c. s. 5
[Rot. 10. <*.]
Uxor que fuit Willelmi Granuel, est in donatione Domini
Regis; primogenitus films ejus est .xviij. annorum, et ipsa
habet feodum tertie partis unius militis; et ipsa fecit finem
de custodia terre sue et filiorum suorum, et de relevio suo,
pro .viij. w.6
1 The Hundred of Chelmsford appears at this time on the Pipe Rolls as the North
and South Hundreds of Chelmsford.
2 This family held Springfield (by Chelmsford) of the Honour of Peverel of London
(alias of Hatfield Peverel) by the service of two knights (Red Book, pp. 502, 732,
740). In 1173 Ralf ' de Bosevilla' was charged 10 relief for succession to these
two fees (Pipe Roll, 19 Hen. II, p. 14). On the Pipe Roll of this year (p. 13) the
sheriff accounts for 8 ' de exitu terre Radulfi de Buesevilla,' the exact sum named
in the text. In 1212 Peter Picot had the wardship (Testa, p. 269).
3 Osbert must have been yet another son of Aucher venator of Waltham. The
manor of Springfield (Hall) seems to be here valued at 12, of which the widow
had her third, 4, while the other 8, apparently, is represented by her son's
4 Blank in MS.
5 Christiana de Ruilli was a party, with Peter de Chattele, to a fine concerning
lands in ' Leia ' in 1202 (Essex Fines, p. 29). As her land is here entered as in
Chelmsford Hundred, ' Leia ' must be Great or Little Leighs, and this conclusion is
confirmed by the fact that Chatley (' Chattele ') is in Great Leighs.
6 It is not possible, apparently, to identify this holding. The manor of Grene-
villes in Stambourne would not have been in the King's hands at this time, so far
as is known.
Uxor que fuit Robert! Camerarii, est in donatione Domini
Regis. Ipsa habet .iij. filios et .iiij. filias; primogenitus est
de etate, et ipsa habet feodum unius militis, et films habet
terram suam. 1
Filius Roberti filii Odonis est in custodia Domini Regis,
et est .vj. annorum, et ipse est heres decime partis unius
militis, et vix possunt inde habere victum suum ipse et
mater sua. 2
Thorindun' est in custodia Domini Regis cum herede, qui
est .xix. annorum, que valet per annum .1. s. Tpse habet
.iij. fratres et .iiij. sorores. Terra sua in Wakering valet .iiij. /.
Terra sua in Berlesden' valet .ij. m. Ricardus films Rogeri
tenet .j. mariscum de eodem feodo, qui valet .xl. s. per
Terra Waited Anglici in Theia est in custodia Domini Regis,
cum herede, qui est unius anni. Terra ilia valet .j. m. per
1 This is another entry presenting great difficulty. Robert Camerarius was
returned in 1267 as having held half a fee in Sturmer of the King in chief (Cal. of
Inq,, i, No. 646), which was so held by John Camerarius earlier in the reign (Testa,
p. 414). Yet the family had certainly held at Sturmer as under-tenants of Helion
(Red Book, pp. 358, 503). From documents quoted in the Testa (p. 414), however,
it would seem that in 1257-1258, when Robert earner arius succeeded John, the King
obtained possession, as Andrew de Helion could not enforce his lordship.
There appears to have been a small tenure in capite created by Henry II for Ail-
ward ' Camerarius ' at Kelvedon (Red Book, p. 499), but ' Camerarius ' is a name
so common that these holdings are difficult to trace.
2 This entry also affords insufficient material for identification.
3 The nameless heir derived his name from Thorndon, now Horndon, where the
family had a holding. He or his successor, William ' de Torndon,' held a quarter
of a fee in Wakering and a third of a fee in Basildon (Berlesdene) of the Honour
of Rayleigh (Red Book, p. 739; Essex Fines, p. 28). It was suggested above that
the ' Thorindune ' holding in this entry was possibly identical with that which is
entered above as in ' Torindune.' If this conjecture should prove correct, the
nameless heir was the son of William Fitz Alvred.
4 Walter ' Anglicus ' held a quarter of a fee in Tey under Arnulf ' Anglicus,' who
held of the Honour of Boulogne (Testa, pp. 274-275).
ROTULUS DE VIDUIS ET PUELLIS QUE SUNT IN
DONATIONE DOMINI REGIS ET DE PUERIS QUI SUNT
IN EJUS CUSTODIA IN CANTEBRIGESIRE.
HUNDREDUM DE PAPEWURTHE.
Mabilia que est neptis Rannulfi de Glanuill', et in ejus
custodia, fuit uxor Albrici Picot, et terra sua in Bukeswurthe
est de feodo Gileberti de Muntfichet, et cum instauramento
.j. carruce que ibi est, valet .xl. s. ; et si ibi esset altera
cum .c. ovibus, que ibi esse possent, valeret .lx. et .x. s. Et
ipsa est .lx. annorum et amplius, et habet .ij. filios et
.iij. filias, et primogenitus est miles. 1
Due sorores in Papewurthe manent in helemosina Domini
Regis, et debent pascere .j. pauperem propter Dominum Regem.
Terra sua cum instauramento .j. carruce que ibi est, valet
.xxx. s.; et si altera carruca cum .c. ovibus ibi esset, qui
possent ibi esse, terra valeret .lx. s. Primogenita est .lx. an-
norum, et habet .iiij. filios et .ij. filias; altera est puella,
et est .1. annorum, et sunt de progenie Gumeri de Stanton. 2
Marginal note against the last entry. " d."
1 This is the first of three entries relating to the widow and son of Aubrey Picot,
who had held a knight's fee (created for his father Henry by Henry I) in capite in
1166 (Red Book, p. 370). Ranulf de Glanville had taken advantage, doubtless, of his
official position to secure Aubrey as a husband for his niece. The information
relating to Cambridgeshire in the Testa and the Red Book is so scanty that the
holdings entered in the Rotulus are somewhat difficult to identify.
Domesday (197) shows three and a half hides at Boxworth as held of Robert
Gernon (Gilbert de Muntfichet' s predecessor), with other lands, by Picot the sheriff
(of Cambridgeshire) as his wife's marriage-portion. The entry in the text is im-
portant not only as revealing the ancestry of Aubrey Picot, but as explaining the
descent of this manor from the Conquest. For it subsequently appears as held
by the Huntingfields of ' the barony of Picot ' (as in the Testa) and then as held by
them in chief. This led to an official investigation into its true tenure in 1337 (Cat.
of Inq., vin, pp. 75-78), when our record was not consulted.
2 For this tenure in frankalmoin see Testa, p. 357 bis, where it is styled a ser-
jeanty, and the duty is stated to be feeding (and clothing) two paupers (cf. Red Book,
Possibly ' Gumer ' represents the Breton ' Guiomar,' for Count Alan was a holder
at Stanton (Cambs.) in 1086.
HUNDREDUM DE NORSTOWE.
Filius Albrici Picot, cum carrucata terre quam habet in
Beche, est in custodia Rannulfi de GlanuuT. 1
Comitissa Brilannie que est soror Regis Scottie, et de dona-
tione Domini Regis, et habet in Barsingburn' de feodo comitis
Britannie .xx. libratas terre, cum instauramento quod ibi est; et
solet valere predictum manerium tempore Regis Henrici, .xxvij. /.
et .x. s. Ipsa est .xxx. annorum. Unam habet filiam que
est uxor comitis Britannie, et .j. filium 2 habet de Humfrido
de Buhun, qui est .x. annorum, et in custodia Margarete de
HUNDREDUM DE CHILEFORD'.
Matildis de Ros, que fuit filia Ricardi de Kaunuill', et soror
Gerardi de Kaunuill', est de donatione Domini Regis, et est
.xl. annorum. Ipsa habet in Heldrikham .xij. libratas terre de
feodo Gerardi de Kaunuill'; et ipsa habet de Willelmo de Ros
.iij. filios et .iiij. filias. Primogenitus est .xx. annorum. 4
1 This holding was in Waterbeach (see below). For the lands given therein by
Aubrey and his father Henry to the Benedictine monks of Denny see Mon. Ang., vi,
1549, 1552-1553. Ranulf de Glanville had secured the wardship of his niece and
her son (Robert) also.
2 Corrected from ' filiam. '
3 For the Countess see pp. 5, 6, 62 above. Bassingbourne, here held by her in dower,
apparently, as worth 20, is stated to have been worth 27. 10. 0. in the time of King
Henry (I). Domesday makes it worth 26 at the Conquest. The Pipe Roll of 1185
(31 Hen. II) proves that she had by Humphrey de Bohun a daughter who is here
ignored. Margaret de Bohun was the mother of Humphrey and the daughter and
eventual heir of Miles (de Gloucester), Earl of Hereford (see Red Book, pp. 293-4).
4 This entry is of value for its genealogical information. The Domesday Survey,
which values Hildersham at 10, shows it as all held by Aubrey de Vere. It can
hardly have passed from the Vere fief except as a marriage-portion (maritagium),
in which case it may be represented by the one fee held of Earl Aubrey by Richard de
Camville in 1166 (Red Book, p. 353). This suggestion is strengthened by the fact
that a manor which a family had acquired as a marriage-portion was often used by
it, in turn, as a portion for one of its daughters, as here. Under Henry III Hildersham
appears as one fee held of the Earl of Oxford (Testa, pp. 353, 355), as it also does in
the Lib. Mem, de Bernewelle (p. 254), where William de Ros is its part-holder.
The records of Northamptonshire terre date on the Pipe Rolls of 21-22 Hen. II
prove that Gerard de Camville had succeeded his father Richard by Michaelmas,
1 176. Richard had gone abroad on a mission in the spring of that year. Gerard has
already appeared on the Rotuli as the husband of Nicola, daughter of Richard de
la Haie (p. 12).
HUNDREDUM DE WERLE.
Sibilla de Harleton', que fuit filia Roger! de Gigney, est
de donatione Domini Regis, et .Ixx. annorum et eo amplius.
Ipsa habet in Herleton' de honore comitis Giffard', .x. libratas
terre. Rogerus de Huntingfeld' est ejus filius et heres, et
preter ilium, ilia Domina habet .ix. infantes. 1
Margareta de Muntfichet, que fuit filia Gileberti filii Ricardi
de Clara, est de donatione Domini Regis, et est .Ix. annorum
et amplius. Gilebertus de Muntfichet est ejus filius et heres,
et preter eum habuit .iij. infantes. Terra sua de Barenton'
valet .xiij. /., et si esset bene instaurata, valeret .xvj. I. 2
Juliana de Cathenis, que fuit filia Radulfi de Cathenis, et
uxor Ricardi del Estre, est de donatione Domini Regis. Terra
sua in Berton' valet .iiij. /., et bene instaurata valeret .c. s.
et [amplius]. 3 Sed nescitur a jurat oribus etas ejus, aut numerus
Matillis Pecche, que fuit filia Hamonis Pecche, est de dona-
tione Domini Regis, et habuit .xj. infantes de tribus maritis.
Radulfus de Rouecestr' est heres ejus: et ipsa est .1. an-
norum. Terra sua in Haselingfeld' valet annuatim .viij. /.
cum instauramento quod ibi est modo, scilicet, .xij. bobus,
.iiij. averis, .v. vaccis, .j. tauro, .iij. vitulis, .Ix. ovibus
.j. minus, .xv. porcis; et si adderentur .ix es .xx. oves et
1 Harlton appears in Domesday as chiefly held by Walter Giffard, whose fief was
now an escheat in the King's hands. Hence this entry. Roger de Huntingfield
is subsequently found holding Harlton, as one fee, of the Earl of Gloucester (Testa,
pp. 354, 355; Liber Mem. de Bernewelle, p. 252), who inherited so much of the
2 Margaret, daughter of Gilbert Fitz Richard, the head of the house of Clare,
had married William de Munfichet, who held the Domesday fief of Robert Gernon
and founded the Abbey of Stratford Langthorne. Their son Gilbert held the fief
throughout most of the reign of Henry II, and had charge both of the forest of
Essex and the Norman forest of Montfiquet. Barrington, which was held in dower
by his mother of the fief, was valued in 1086 at 12 a year. See also Lib. Mem. de
Bernewelle , p. 252.
4 Barton appears in Domesday as held by William de ' Cahainges ' (i.e. Cahagnes,
Calvados). The Ralf de ' Cathenis ' of the entry is his descendant, whom the Pipe
Roll of 1170 (16 Hen. II, p. 94) shows as its holder (Berton' Rad' de Chahaignis).
He has here given it as a marriage-portion to his daughter, Juliane. The two
surnames take us to a distant part of England, for Ralf de ' Chahaines,' in 1166,
returned his knights under Dorset (Red Book, p. 218) and Richard del (or ' dil ')
Estre under Somerset (ibid., p. 231).
.vij. averia et .j. herciorius et quinque porci et .j. verris,
tune valeret dicta terra .x. I. 1
HUNDREDUM DE TRAPELAWE.
Terra Margarete de Muntfichet in villa de Fulemere, valet
annuatim .xvj. /. cum instauramento presenti, scilicet .ij. car-
rucis et .xl. ovibus; et bene instaurata, posset valere .xx. /.,
scilicet cum .iij. carrucis et ducentis ovibus et .xxj. porcis. 2
ALID' 3 HUNDREDUM.
Filia Walteri de Bolebec est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .x. annorum. Villa de Swafham est de baronia Walteri
de Bolebec, et filia ejus inde est heres, et data est in dot em
uxori Gileberti Basset. 4
Marginal note against the last four entries: "d."
Terra Roberti Picot in Cueya, scilicet fuodum .j. militis
de Rege, et feodum alterius militis de episcopo Eliensi, est
in custodia Rannulfi de GlanuuT; et Robertus Picot habet
etatem, et est miles. 5
1 This entry effectively supplements the carta of Hamo Peche (Peccatum) in 1166
(Red Book, pp. 366-367). Holding in right of his wife (Alice Peverel) the chief share
of the Cambridgeshire Honour of Bourne, he states therein that he has given to
Baldwin of Rochester (Rovecestria) lands from that Honour in frank-marriage with
his daughter. The entry in the text proves that these lands were in Haslingfield
and that the (son and) heir of this marriage was Ralf of Rochester (de Roffa) pos-
sibly a grandson of that Ralf ' de Roffa ' who was one of the jurors at the Bayeux
Inquest of 1133 who is found as a considerable holder on the Honour of Boulogne
under John. Haslingfield descended to his heirs, the Cambridgeshire family of
'Scales' (cf. Cal. of Inq., i, No. 367; Lib. Mem. de Bernewette, p. 253; Dugdale's
Baronage, i, 617).
2 See p. 85, note 2, above. Foulmire was another of Robert Gernon's Domesday
manors and was valued in 1086 at 12 a year.
3 Aliud. S waff ham is in Staine Hundred.
4 For the Bolebec heiress see p. 34, above. From this entry it would seem that
Walter's widow was given in marriage to Gilbert Basset (on whom see p. 8) with
Swaffham (Bulbeck) for her dower.
6 The place-name here correctly given appears as 'Cneya' in Grimaldi's edition,
with ' Eveya ' as a variant from the Lansdown MS. In the Testa also (pp. 354, 355)
it is disguised as ' Eveye.' The place is Quy, which appears (as ' Coeia ' ) in Domes-
day as mainly held by Picot (the sheriff) ' of Cambridge,' partly under the abbot
of Ely and partly in capite. The text shows us these holdings as one fee each in the
hands of Robert Picot. He had succeeded his grandfather Henry in the former
(Red Book, pp. 363, 525) and in the latter (ibid., p. 370). This enables us to identify
his holdings with the ' Baronia Picoti ' (Testa, pp. 354, 355), which includes Quy,
Boxworth and Waterbeach, with lands in (East) Hatley and Croydon (cf. Lib.
Mem. de Bernewette, pp. 248-249). It also completes the pedigree for three gene
In villa de Wilbugeham dedit Dominus Rex .c. solidatas terre
Picoto de Tany de dominio suo, et post mortem Picoti, Petrus
f rater ejus habuit custodiam terre et heredis per .iij. annos. Heres
est .xx. annorum, et terra valet .c. s. cum hoc instauramento,
scilicet, .c. ovibus et .j. carruca; sed quia nichil est ibi
instauramenti, reddunt firmarii annuatim .lx. s. Preter firmam
cepit Petrus de relevio .xx. s. de quodam homine ejusdem
Agnes de Valuines, que fuit soror Pagani filii Johannis, est
de donatione Domini Regis, et plusquam .lx ta . annorum. Ipsa
habet in hundredo de Redefeld' quoddam manerium quod
valet .xv. /. Filia ejus et heres data est Durando de Ostili. 2
Ewgenia Picot, que fuit filia Radulfi Picot de Kancia, et
uxor Thome filii Bernard', est de donatione Domini Regis,
et est .xxx. annorum. Ipsa habet in hundredo de Redefeld'
quoddam manerium quod valet annuatim .xxv. /., et est de
feodo Gileberti Malet : predictum manerium dedit Willelmus
Malet predicte Domine in dotem. Et ipsa habuit .iij. filios
de Thoma filio Bernard', et .j. filiam: primogenitus est .x. an-
norum, medius .viij. annorum, tertius trium annorum. Filiam
dedit Dominus Rex filio Johannis de Bidun. 3
Endd : Primi rotuli de Cantebrigg' de dominabus.
1 Picot de Tany has occurred already (p. 71) as the husband of an heiress whom
his death had left a widow in the King's hands. He now appears as a grantee of
Crown demesne in Wilbraham. The Pipe Rolls and the entry in the text here
illustrate one another. From at least so early as 1159 (5 Hen. II) Picot and Peter
his brother are found in possession of land in Wilbraham, among the terra dates,
valued at 5 a year. Picot de Tani is entered, under Essex, in 1161 (Pipe Roll,
7 Hen. II, p. 67) in conjunction with Graeland de Tani, so that he was probably
a member of the Essex house. On the Pipe Roll of 1184 (30 Hen. II, p. 10), Picot
is replaced by Ralf, his son. This is not in exact harmony with the statement
that the wardship had lasted three years, but the Pipe Roll entries were slow,
apparently, to change. It should be observed that Picot' s son was that Ralf
'Picot' who claimed to hold by sparrowhawk serjeanty at Ardleigh and Saling
(Red Book, p. 506, and pp. 72-3, above).
2 For this aged domina see pp. 67, 77, above. In spite of the definite statement in
the text, it was her son's daughter and heir, Gunnora, who married successively
Durand de Ostilli and Robert Fitz Walter, to whom she brought the Valognes
fief (see my paper in the Ancestor, No. 11, pp. 132-133, where I have dealt with this
3 The Ralf Picot of this entry was sheriff of Kent from Christmas, 1154 (Red
Book, p. 648) to Christmas, 1160, and also held Crown lands in Dartford. But
he then went out of office amerced ^200 (Pipe Roll, 7 Hen. II). The Pipe Roll of
1165 (11 Hen. II, p. 102) shows him succeeded in the Dartford lands by William Malet,
whom the entry in the text proves to have been his son-in-law. He also held a
considerable estate in Milton (Kent), but this, the Pipe Rolls show, was taken into
the King's hands. On the death of William Malet, his widow married (in 1174-5)
another of the King's officials, Thomas Fitz Bernard, on whom and his children see
pp. 49, 55, 77. She was now again a widow. The Pipe Roll of 1189 (1 Ric. I, p. 27)
shows ' Eugenia Pikot ' accounting for ^44 ' pro custodia Johannis filii sui et terre
sue.' This was John ' Fitz Bernard.' See also Introduction, p. xxxiii.
ROTULUS DE DOMINABUS DE MIDELSEX'.
Hawis de Windesor' est de donatione Domini Regis, et
habet .j. filium, qui est .xviij. annorum, et .vj. filias. Terra
sua in StamwelT valet .c. s. : et preterea in hoc Comitatu
habet tres milites fefatos. 1
1 For Hawise de Windsor see pp. 35, 40. Stairwell, a demesne manor of the
Windsors in Domesday Book, gave his style to their heir, Lord Windsor of Stanwell,
created by Henry VIII. The three Middlesex knight's fees were in Stanwell,
Bedfont, and Poyle (in Stanwell). See Red Book, pp. cclxxxii, 543, where ' Pulla '
(' Puilla ' ) is not identified.
NOMINUM ET LOCORUM
Abbingburne, Robertas de, 67
Abbots manor, in East Thorndon,
Abington (Abiton'), Northants, 24
Ac net, vide Brad well
Acton (Aketone), Surf., 60
Ada de Tony, filia Robert! de Chau-
Addin grove (Edinggraue), Bucks,
Adston, Northants, 28n.
Agnes de Mundevill', filia Roberti
Gresley, uxor Teodbaldi
Hautein, 47, 55
Agnes de Muntchenesy, xxxviij, 38,
,, , as filia Pagani filii Johan-
nis, xlij, xliij, 50, 51
Agnes de Valeines, xxxviij, 67, 77
,, , as soror Pagani filii
Agnes filia Colgrim de Weleburn',
uxor Walteri de Hacunbi,
Ailricus, alias Eilricus, 68, 69
Ailward camerarius, 82n.
Aketone, vide Acton
Akholt, vide Occold
Akina, Domina, 34
Alan, Count of Brittany, 49n., 62n.,
Albeneio Albini Aubigny, etc. ;
Albeneio, Matillis de Seinliz, mater
Willelmi (n) de, xxxviij, i
as Matillis de
Albini, William (i) de, of Belvoir,
Albeneio, Willelmus (n) de, i
,, ,, as Willelmus
de Beauerio, 63
Albeneia, alias Albini, Willelmus
de, Pincerna, fees of, in
Norfolk, xlij, xlvi, xlviij
Aubigney, William d', Earl of
tenants of, in Norfolk,
Aubigny, William de, Earl of Sus-
sex, fee of, in Norfolk, 50,
Albredus forestarius, 26n.
Albreia de Harwecurt [uxor Willel-
mi Trussebut], 27, 28n.
Albricus Comes, vide Vere
Albi, Matillis uxor Ricardi, 44
,, , filii et filia, 44
Albus, Ricardus, 44n.
Alcherus, alias Aucherus, venator
of Waltham, 78n., 8in.
Alda, filia Hugonis de Bellocampo,
uxor Willelmi Maubanc,
Aldham, ?, Essex, 6gn.
Alexandria, mater Gileberti de
Coleuill', 61, 62
Alic' Pretor, 8
Aliz Alicia Aelizia, etc.;
Aliz Basset, 7, 7n.
Alice, daughter of Walter de
Dunstanville, wife of
Thomas Basset, 7n., 8n.
Alice, daughter of Stephen de
Beau champ, 6gn.
Alicia, uxor Thome de Bellofago,
filia Waleranni de Oiri,
xxxviij, 25, 58
,, as Aliz de Beaufow,
[Alicia], Domina de Lateburia,
uxor Johannis de Bidune,
,, ,, as Alizde Bidune,
soror Willelmi Mauduit, 45
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
[Aelizia], uxor Petri de Bilingeia,
Alice, daughter of William de
Aliz Murdac, uxor Johannis de
Eincurt, 19, 1911.
Alicia de Essex, xx\ij, xxxviij,
29, 301., 76, 77, 7711.
Aelizia, widow of William Fitz
Alicia de Hemeford', filia Ricardi
de Colechirche, 47, 54n.
Alicia, uxor Fulconis de Lisoriis,
soror Willelmi de Auber-
Alice, Countess of Northampton,
Alicia, filia Willelmi filii Godcelin'
uxor Picoti de Tani, alias
Alizia de Tany, 71, 72
Alina, uxor Thome de Arci, 2, 3n.
Allington Castle, Kent, 72n.
Alphamston, Essex, 69n.
Amabilia, alias Mabilia, de Tresgoz,
filia Robert! Greslei, 78
Amaurius, 33, 34
Amfrida de Winemersse, xxxix, 60
Amicia de Limesia, filia Hanelaft de
Amundevill', vide MundevilT
Anglici, *** heres Walter!, 82
Anglicus, Arnulf, 82n.
Aquila, vide Laigle
Archidiaconus, Parisius, 71, 72n.
,, , Walkelinus, 60
Arci, al. Arceia, Michael de, 2, 3n., 16
,, , Norman d', i6n.
,, , Thomas (i) de, 2, 3n.
,, , Alina uxor Thomae (i ) de,2, 3n.
,, , Thomas films Thomae (i) de,
2, 3n., 16
,, , ,, tenet in baronia de
Rege, xx vi, 16
,, , ,, fratres et sorores, 16
Ardleigh (Ardel, Ardeley), Essex,
7in., 72n., 73n., 87n.
Arenho, vide Aynho
Arkesden, Essex, 74n.
Arundel, Honour of, liability of
Arundel, Magister Rogerus, 3
Ashby Canons Priory, Northants,
Ashfield (Esfeldia), Surf., xxxi, 63,
Ashford, Kent, 53n.
Ashley (Esselia), Northants, 25
Assele in Roteland, 25n.
Aswarehirne wapentake, Lines, 13
Atleburc, Alfred de, xlvi
Attleborough, Norf., xlvi
Auberuill', Alicia soror Willelmi de,
Aubervill', Roesia de, feodum ejus,
Aucherus, vide Alcherus
[Avelina], filia Willelmi de Elinf,
Avicia de Crieuequer, 1 6
Avicia de Listen', uxor Godefridi
Avicia, uxor Nicolai de Stelbing',
filia Johannis de Mariny,72
Aynho (Arenho), Northants, 29,
3on., 77, 77n.
Baburgh (Babeng') hundred, Suff.,
Bailivi episcopi Eliensis, 63
Baillol, Walter de, avunculus Inge-
rami de Dumard, 23n.
Balistarius, Helpo, alias Heppo,
Balteslawe, vide Beltisloe
Barat, Robertus, 68
Bardulf, Hugo, 13
,, , Thomas, 75
,, , ,, , Baldwin de Tony
his son in law, 5 in.
Barenton', vide Barrington
Barford (Bereford) hundred, Beds,
Barn well All Saints (Berne welle),
Barrington (Barenton'), Cambs, 85
Barrowden, Rutl., 45n.
Barsingburn', vide Bassingbourne
Barton (Berton'), Cambs, 85
Basildon (Berlesden'), Essex, 82
Basilia, uxor David Pinel, filia
Roberti Tailard' de Mer-
Basset of Headington, pedigree of,
,, , *** filia Ricardi (i) et soror
Willelmi, 13, I4n.
,, , Alan son of Thomas, 8n.
,, , Aliz, 7, yn.
, al. Ridel, Galfridus >[son of
Richard Basset], 24, 25, 28
, Sibilla Mauduit
uxor ejus, 24, 25, 28
,, , filii et filia, 25
, Gillebertus films Thomae,
xxxiv, 4, 8, 37, 48
,, ,, , uxor ejus, 86
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Basset, [Isabella] filia Thomae, uxor
Albert! Gresle, 4
,, ,, ,, , uxor Widonis de
, Philip, 2511.
,, , Richard (i), justiciary 2511.
,, ,, , Maud Ridel his wife,
, Ricardus (n), films et heres
Galfridi Ridel, 25, 28
, Thomas, 4, 411., 8, 14, 35
,, avunculus Ricardi
(sic) La Veile, 48, 4911.
,, ,, , Alice, daughter of
Walter de Dunstanville,
his wife, 711., 8n.
,, , Willelmus, vicecomes
[Lines], xx, xxx, 2, 3, 311.,
5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 18, 20, 21
,, ,, , feodum ejus, 42
Bassingburn', Warinus de, 67
Bastwick, Norf., 4911.
Bayeux, Odo bishop of, 7511.
Beatricia, uxor Ricardi Gubiun,
xxxix, 32, 33
Beatricia, uxor Roberti Mantel,
Beatricia de Saiton', xxvii, 53
Beatricia de Say, xxxviij, 76
Beauchamp Bellocampo, etc.;
Beauchamp of Eaton Socon,
Family of, 3 in.
Bellocampo, Alda filia Hugonis
de, 30, 31
Bellocampo, [Amabel] de Bidune,
uxor Milonis de, xliii, 43,
Beauchamp, Elias de, xli
,, ,, , Constance de
Bolebec, his wife, xli, xlviij
Bellocampo, Hugo de, [of Eaton
Socon], 30, 31
Bello Campo, Ricardus de, 68
Bello Campo, Robertus de, 68
Bellocampo, [Sara] de Bidune,
uxor Ricardi de, xliij, 43,
Bellocampo, Simon de, 33, 34n.
,, ,, , feodum ejus,
Bello Campo, Stephanus (i) de,
xxii, 68, 6gn.
,, ,, , feodum ejus, 59
, Ysowda filia
Comitis de Ferrariis, uxor
ejus, 25, 69
,, ,, , filius et filiae,
25, 68, 6gn.
Bellocampo Bello Campo, Step-
hanus (n) heres, filius
Stephani (i) de, xxii, xxiv,
61, 68, 69, 79
,, , Isoude, Maud,
Alice, and Idoine his sis-
ters and heirs, 6gn.
Bello Campo, Willelmus de, 6gn.
Beauerio, Matillis de, 63
, Willelmus filius Matillidis
,, ,, , vide Albeneio.
Beaufow Bella Fago Bellofago,
Bellofago, al. Beaufow, *** films
Thomae de, 25, 45, 57,
Bellofago, Alicia uxor Thomae de,
xxx, xxxviij, 25, 58
,, ,, , as Aliz de
Beaufow, uxor Thomae de
Bella Fago, Emma de, 25n., 58n.
Beaufo (Bella Fago), Ralf de,
25n., 4 5n., 5 8n.
Bella Fago, Ralph (n), son of
Ralph de, 58n.
Bella Fago, Thomas de, 58n.
Bee, *** heir of Mabel de, 48n.
Beche, vide Waterbeach
Bedeford', Gaufridus de, 68
Bedeford', Lauren tins archidiaco-
Bedfont, Midd., 88n.
Bedfordshire (Bedefordsire), 30
Bekeleswad', vide Biggleswade
Belchamp Abbots, Essex, 73n.
Belchamp Otton, Essex, 73n.
Belchamp St.Ethelbert in Ovington,
Belchamp Walter, Essex, 73n.
Beleneia, vide Bilney
Belingee, vide Bilingeia
Bella Fago Bellofago, de, vide
Bellocampo, de, vide Beauchamp
Belshford (Beltesford'), Lines, 15
Beltisloe (Balteslawe) wapentake,
Belvoir, Family of Ros of, in.
, Fee of, 25n.
Benedict, abbot of Selby, 26n.
Berden (Beredene), Essex, xxi,
Bereford, vide Barford
Bergche, vide Burgh Apton
Bergholt, West (Burcof), Essex, 70
Berkhampstead, Honour of, xxviij,
Berlesden', vide Basildon
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Bernewelle, vide Barnwell All
Berton', vide Barton
Bertram miles, 6$n.
,, ,, , Henry his son, 65n.
Bertreia Comitissa, filia Comitis de
Everews, uxor Hugonis
Comitis Cestrie, 15, i6n.
Bicester Priory, Oxon., 8n.
Bidun, Family of, xli-xliv, xlviij
, pedigree, xliij
Bidune, [Alicia] Domina de Late-
buria, uxor Johannis de,
, as Aliz de Bidune,
soror Willelmi Mauduit,
xxx, xxx vi, 45
husbands, xlij, xliij,, 43,
44 n -. 45
, Amicia de Limesia, filia
Hanelao de, 51
HanelaS de, xli-xliv,
, Sara, his first wife,
, Agnes de Mont-
chensy, daughter of Payn
Fitz John, his widow, xlij,
, John, brother of Hadenald
, Johannes de, senior, xxxvi,
xli xliij, 43, 44n., 45
, Johannes de, junior, xlij,
,, , Matillis uxor Johannis de,
junioris, filia Thomae filii
Bernardi , xxxvi j, 49, 55,
as Maud " de
Rochefordia, " xlij
, Matildis Vis de Luw filia
, Johannis de, xlij, 43, 44
Biggleswade (Bekeleswad') hun-
dred, Beds, 32
Bigod, Hugh Earl of Norfolk
,, , Juliana de Vere, his wife,
xlij, 71, yin.
Bigot, Rogerus le, xli, xlij, 54, 61
,, , Roger, Earl of Norfolk, xliv
Biham, vide Dedham
Bilingeia, vide Billinghay
[Bilingeia, al.] Belingee, Petrus de,
Bilingeia, [Aelizia], uxor Petri de,
xxvi, 3, 4n.
, [Petrus] filius Petri de,
Billingford, Norf., 57n., 78n.
Billinghay (Bilingeia), Lines, xx, 3
Bilney (Beleneia), Norf., 52n., 53
Bintree (Binetre), Norf., 56
Blacchesham, vid* Bloxholm
Blakeney, al. Sniterle (Snuterleia),
Blakenham, Little, Suff., 62n.
Blakesley (Parva Blakewell'), Nort-
Blakewell ' parva, vide Blakesley
Blanchelande Abbey, i2n.
Blankney (Blangenia), Lines, xxviii,
Blatherwick, Northants, 27n.
Blocchesham, vide Bloxholm
Bloxholm (Blacchesham, Blocches-
ham), Lines, 14
Blundus, Gilebertus, 74
,, , Hubertus, filius Willelmi
Blundi, xxx, xlv, 63, 64
, filius Aliciae de
Hemeford, 47, 47n.
, vide Colechirche
, Robertus, 63n.
,, , Willelmus, 47n., 63, 63n.
Blunts Hall (Dunteshale) in With-
am, Essex, xlvii, 78
Boarstall (Borkestall), Bucks, 42
Bodney (Bodeneia), Norf., 52, 53
Bohun Buhun' Buun', etc.;
Buhun, al. Buun', Humfridus de,
5n., 62, 84
, manors held " de
feodo,"- -" de baronia " of,
xlvi, 47, 55
,, ,, , Margareta Comi-
tissa Britannic, uxor ejus,
xxxviij, xxxix, 4, 6, 62, 84
,, ,, , filius ejus, 62, 84
Buhun', Margareta de, [daughter
of Miles, Earl of Hereford],
Bokesford, John de, vide Rochford
Bolebec, Barony of, division of, in
121 1, xlviij
,, , Family of, xxxix xli,
,, , pedigree, xli
, Constance, daughter of
Hugh de, xli, xlviij
,, , Gilbert de, 43n.
, [Herbertus] filius Gileberti
, *** de Jarpenville,
his wife, 43n.
,, , Hugo (i) de, xxxix, 4on.
, Hugo (n) de, xxxix
, Isabella, daughter of Hug]
de, xli, xlviij
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Bolebec, [Isabella], filia Walter! de,
xxix, xxxix, 34, 40, 86
,, , Walterus de, in ward to
Walter his uncle, and to
Reginald de Curtenai,
, terra de feodo
,, ,, , terra de baronia
,, ,, , milites de baronia
,, ,, , his widow ( ?), 86n.
Bolonie, Eustacius de Howe nepos
Bonthorpe (Bunetorp'), Lines, 7
Boreham, Essex, 6on.
Borkestall, vide Boarstall
Bosco, Galfridus de, 35
Boseuilla Busseuilla, etc. ;
Boseville, Family of, 6in.
Busseuill', *** films Radulfi de,
Bussevill, *** uxor Radulfi de,
, filii et filiae, 81
Boseuill', Matillis filia Robert! de,
Bosevilla, al. Buesevilla, Ralf de,
Bosmere (Bosemere) hundred, SufiE.,
Boston (Sanctus Botulfus), Lines,
,, ,, , redditus in nun-
dinis de, 6, 7n.
,, ,, , una cultura in
campis de, 6
,, ,, , firma villae, 6
,, ,, , feria de Hoiland,
,, ,, , Ricardus preposi-
tus ville, 6
Bottesford, Lines, 7n.
Bouesboz, Robertus de, 16
, vicecomes Bolonie, 79
, Honour of, 73n., 76n.,
79n., 82n., 86n.
tenants of, xxvi
Bourne, Cambs, Honour of, 54n.,
Bourne, Lines, Fief of, nn.
, Honour of, 45n.
Bowthorpe (Buutorp), Norf., 48
Boxworth (Bukeswurthe), Cambs,
Bradewatre, vide Broad water
Bradley (Braitele) wapentake,
Lines, 1 6
Bradwell (Hackefleta, Acflet, Hac-
flet), Essex, 74, 75n.
, ecclesia, 75
Braitele, vide Bradley
Branston, Lines, 19
Brantest', vide Braunston
Braunston (Brantest'), Northants,
Bremunda, Domina, i3n.
Brettevill, Robert de, 7on.
Brington (Brinf), Northants, 22,
Brit', Ricardus, 13
Brito, Gaufridus, xxv, 23, 24, 27
, Margareta En-
gaine, uxor ejus, 23, 24, 27
Brittany Britannia :
Brittany, Alan Count of, 49n.,
62n., 67n., 83n.
Britanniae, [Gaufridus] Comes, 62
, feoda Comitis, 17,
, uxor sua, filia
Margaretae Comitissae, 62,
Britanniae, Margareta Comitissa,
soror Regis Scottie, 4, 5n.,
6, 7n., 62, 84
, Conan Count of
Brittany and Earl of Rich-
mond, her first husband,
Buun, al. Buhun, her
second husband, 62, 84
, filius et filia, 62, 84
Briwerre, William, 32n.
Broadwater (Bradewatre) hundred,
Bromeswell, SufL, xliv
Broughton (Berton'), Lines, xx,
xxx, 20, 2 in.
Broughton Poggs, Oxon., ign.
Bucel, Ralph, xlvi
Buci, Robert de, Fief of, 25n.
Buckenham Priory, Norf., xliv
Buckingham (Bukingham), Bucks,
xx. acrae terras in uno
campo et xx. in alio, cum
,, ,, , vicecomes, 42
Buelot, Baldwin, i2n.
, Roeis de Bussei,
his wife, n, nn.
Buhun', Buun', vide Bohun
Builli Bulli :
Builli, Family of, I2n.
Bulli, Ida filia Hugonis de, 42
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Builli, Idoine, daughter of John
Builli al. Bulli, Johannes de, n,
, [Cecilia] de Bussei
uxor ejus, n, 45
Bukeswurthe, vide Boxworth
Bulenham hundred, Bucks, 40
Bullington Priory, Lines, 2on.
Bulwick, Northants, 24n.
Bunestowe hundred, Bucks, 43
Bunetorp', vide Bonthorpe
Burcot', vide Bergholt, West
Burdeleis, Lauretta Picot, uxor
Hugonis de, 56
, filii et filiae, 56
Burdeleis, Willelmus filius Hugonis
Bures, Baldwin de, ygn.
,, ,, , his wife, 79n.
Bures, Mount (Bures), Essex, 70
Burgh Apton (Bergche), Norf., 54
Burgo, Alicia uxor Rogeri de, xix
Burnham, Bucks, 40
Burton, Bucks, 36, 43
Burton', *** filia Waited de, 36, 43
, mater ejus, 43
Burun, al. Burrun, Robertus de, 4,
Bury St. Edmund's Abbey, Suff.,
Bussei, Family of , nn.
, Bartholomew, son of Wil-
liam de, i in.
,, , Roeis de, filia Baldewini filii
Gileberti, n, 45
, Willelmus de Bus-
sei, her husband, 1 1
, Johannes de Builli,
al. Bulli, her son in law, 1 1,
4 ,, , Hugo Wak, her
son in law, n, 45
,, Baldwin Buelot, her
second husband, i2n.
Busseuilla, vide Boseuilla
Buteriz Buterich, Simon films
Willelmi, xxiv, 55, 56, 57,
57 n -
,, ,, , uxor ejus, filia
Eustacii filii Stephani, 55
Buteriz Buteri Buterich, Willel-
55, 55n., 56, 57,
Buteturte, *** filia Amfridi, 48, 54,
, Rogerus nepos Gwidonis
Buun', vide Bohun
Buutorp, vide Bowthorpe
Buutorp, Cecilia de, de parentela
Comitis de Reduers, 48
,, ,, , Hugo de Scotcia,
vir ejus, 48
,, filii, 48
Leiham, vir ejus, 48
, Reginaldus filius
Cade, William, gn., i2n.
Cahainges, vide Chahaines
Caisneto, vide Chesney
Calceworth (Kalsewath) wapentake,
Calz, vide Cauz
Cambridgeshire (Cantebrigesire), 83
, vicecomes, Picot,
" Camerarius " Family, of Dunton,
Beds, xxiij, 32, 32n.
Camerarii, *** uxor Roberti, 82
, filii et filiae, 82
Camerarius, Ailward, 82n.
Camerarii, Avicia de Listen', uxor
Camerarii, Gaufridus filius Roberti,
Camerarii, Johannes filius Gode-
fridi, 72, 72n.
Camerarius, Johannes, 82n.
Camerarii, Robertus filius Johannis,
Camerarius de Hameslepe, 43
Campsey (Campesse), Suff., 62
Campton (Kamelton', Gamelton),
Beds, 31, 3 in.
Camville Kaunuill' ;
Camuill', al. Kaunuill', Gerardus
de, 12, 84
, Nicholaa de Haya
his wife, I2n., 84n.
Kaunuill', Matildis de Ros, filia
Ricardi de, 84
Camville, Richard de, 84n.
Canci (Canti), Helewis de Swinope,
uxor Simonis de, 17
,, , Simon filius Simonis de, 17
,, , Barony of, i7n.
Canonici de Dunstaple, 22
de Turgarton', 19
de Turnet', 5
Cantuarienses monachi, 71, 72
Cantuariensis archiepiscopus, Ricar-
dus, xxij, 68, 6gn.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Carduill', Adamus de, xxxij, 9, ion.
, sheriff of Carlisle,
,, , Robert Fitz Truite,
his father, ion.
Carlby (Carlebi), Lines, 20, 2on.
Carlford (Karleford') hundred, Sufi.,
Carun, Family of, 42n.
Castellum de la Forde, 13
Cathenis, vide Chahaines
Cattorp', vide Cay thorp e
Caundle Malherbe, Dors., 33n.
Caundle Stourton, Dors., 33n.
Caune, al. Kaune, *** filia Walter!
de, 77, 77n.
, Richard de, xlvii
Cauz Chauz Calz ;
Chauz, *** filius Willelmide, 39, 40
Cauz, *** uxor Roberti de, 13,
Cauz, [Matildis] filia Roberti de,
Cauz, Robert de, I4n.
Cauz, Roger de, 4on.
Calz, Willelmus de, 4on.
Caythorpe (Cattorp'), Lines, xxxij,
Cecily, daughter of Pain Fitzjohn,
, her three hus-
Cecilia de Bussei, wife of John de
Builli, n, i in., 45
Cecilia de Buutorp, uxor Hugonis de
Scotcia et Ewstachii de
Cecilia de Langetot, uxor Alardi
filii Willelrni, 41, 4in.
Cecilia de Langetot, uxor Baldewini
de Coldray, 4in.
Cestreford', vide Chesterford, Great
Cestresham, vide Chesham
Cestrie, Bertreia Comitissa, uxor
Hugonis Comitis, 15, i6n.
, Matillis Comitissa, filia
Roberti Comitis Gloeces-
, Earl Randolf, her
, cons tabulari i, vide Johannes
, vide Lacy,
Chahaines Cahainges Cathenis,
Cathenis, Juliana filia Radulfi de,
Chahaignis, al. Chahaines, Ralf de,
8 5 n.
Cahainges, William de, 85n.
Chahale, vide Clayhall
Chalfont St. Giles (Chelhunte),
Chalgrave, Beds, 33, 34n.
Charpunuill', vide JarpunuiU'
Chatley, Essex, 8 in.
Chattele, Peter de, 8 in.
Chaumont, Ade de Tony, filia
Roberti de, 51
Chauz, vide Cauz.
Chedney', vide Chesney
Chelhunte, vide Chalfont St. Giles
Chelmsford hundred (Norhundred-
um de Chelmereford'),
Essex, 8 1
Chesham (Cestresham), Bucks, 40
Chesney Kaineto Caisneto
Chedney', Emma de Langetot de
genere illorum de, 40, 41
Kaineto (alias Caisneto Kais-
neto), Matillis de, 31, 3in.
,, ,, , Henry Fitz
Gerold, her husband, 3 in.
, Warine and
Henry, her sons, 31, 3in.
Chesney, Sara, daughter of William
Chesterford, Great (Cestreford'),
Chicksands Priory, Beds, 26n.
Chilford hundred, Cambs, 84
Chingeshala, vide Northampton
Chircheton', vide Kirkton
Chirkested', vide Kirkstead Abbey
Chokes, Fief of, 22n.
Clakestorp, SufL, 64, 65
Clare, vide Cockley Cley
Clare Clara ;
[Clare], Baldwinus filius Gileberti
[de], ii, 45
, Roeis de Bussei,
his daughter, n, 12, 45
Clare, Gilbert de, 66n.
Clara, Gilebertus filius Ricardi
Clare, Isabel de, sister of Richard
Fitz Gilbert Earl of Pem-
Clara, Margaret de Muntfichet
filia Gileberti filii Ricardi
,, , filius et infantes, 85
Clare, Richard Fitz Gilbert de,
Earl of Pembroke,
" Strongbow," 66n., 76n.
, Eva of Leinster,
" Comitissa de Hybernia
de Ibernia," his widow, 66,
66n., 76, 76n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Clare, Richard Fitz Gilbert de,
filius ejus, 76, 7611.
[Clare], Robertus filius Ricardi
[de], i, 6311.
, Matillis de Sein-
liz, al. de Beauerio, his
daughter, i, in., 63, 6311.
[Clare], Robert Fitz Walter [de],
, Gunnora de Va-
lognes, his wife, 8711.
[Clare], Rogerus filius Ricardi
,, Mabilia de He-
liun, filia ejus, 59
[Clare], Walterus filius Roberti
[de], 67, 6711.
, Matillis de Luue-
tot, his daughter, 67
Claricia, uxor Petri Morelli, 42
Clavering, Family of, 3011., 3511.
Clavering, Essex, xxxi, 76, 77
,, hundred, Essex, 76
Clavering (Crauering') hundred,
Claxby, Lines, gn.
Clayhall (Chahale), Herts, 67
Cleile, vide Cleyley
Clemencia uxor Huberti de Sancto
Claro, 47, 66
Clericus, Hubertus de Muntchenesy,
, Johannes, 4, 29
Cleyley (Cleile) hundred, Northants,
Clifton hundred, Beds, 31
Clint', [Amicia] de Bidune, uxor
Hugonis de, xliij, 43, 45
Clopton, Suff., 61, 6gn.
Cneya, vide Quy
Coci (" Toci "), Cristiana filia Willel-
mi filii Gerardi, de Had-
,, , Willelmus filius Gerardi, de
Cockfield, Family of, 56n.
, Robert de, 56n.
, Adam his son, 56n.
Cockley Cley (Clare), Norf., 58, 58n.
Coeia, vide Quy
Coggeshall, Ralf, 79n.
Coggeshall's manor, Essex, 79n.
Cokesdune, vide Roxton
[Cokesfeldia, Adam de], 56, 56n.
, terra de Colecestr', 80
, St. Botolph's Priory,
, St. John's Abbey, 66n.,
Cold Hanworth, vide Hanworth,
Coldray, vide Cowdray
Colechirche, Alicia de Hemeford',
filia Ricardi de, 47, 54n.
, Willelmus Blun-
dus, her husband, 47n., 63,
,, ,, , vide Blundus
Colecherche, William de, 47n.,
54 n -
Coleka, i.e. Colecherche, Ricardus
de, 54, 54n.
,, , uxor sua, 54
, [Sarra] neptis ejus
et heres, 54, 54n.
" Coles," Essex, 7in.
Coleuill' Colavilla ;
Coleuill', Alexandria mater Gile-
berti de, 61, 62
Colavilla, Gilbert (i) de, 62n.
Coleuill', Gilebertus filius Alex-
andriae de, xxii, 61, 62,
68, 69n., 79
Coleuill', Matillis uxor Gileberti
, filii et filiae, 61
Colne, Earls, Essex, 71 n.
Colne Engaine, Essex, 27n.
Colneis (Colenexe) hundred, Sufi .,
Colswegen, Fief of, i2n.
Columbariis, Matillis uxor Philippi
de, 60, 61
, filius, 61
Columbariis, Ricardus de, 42
Columbers, Philip de, 6in.
Compton, Beds, xxiij
Compton Basset, Wilts, 8n.
Constab[ularii], Honor, \sc. Haugh-
ley], 52, 53. 6in.
Constabularii Cestrie, 29, 3on.
Copt Hall, Essex, 78n.
Corby (Corebi), Lines, 14, I5n.
Cornhill', Henricus de, 67, 73n., 75,
, Alice de Courcy
his wife, 73n.
Cornhill Joan daughter of Henry
de, wife of Hugh de Nevill,
73 n -
Cornur, Willelmus le, 14
Coroner, La, vide La Coroner
Correui, Nicolaus, 68
Cote, *** filius Petri de, 20
Cotes, Richard de, 2 on.
Cotes, Derby, 69n.
Cotes, Lines, 2 on.
Cotslowe (Coteslawe) hundred,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Courcy Curci ;
Courcy, Alice daughter of William
Curci Courcy, Willelmus de, 28,
,, , Avicia, his mother,
Curci, Willelmus films Willelmi
Cowdray Coldray ;
Coldray, Cecilia, uxor Baldewini
Cowdray, Fulk de, 4111.
Cramavill, Godfrey de, 6on.
Cranwell (Cremedewelle), Bucks, 44
Craon, vide Croun
Cratfield (Crateleford'), Sufi., 63
Crauering', vide Clavering
Creake, South (Crek, Greet, Suth-
crek), Norf., 57, 5811.
Greet, Crek, vide Creake, South
Cremedewelle, vide Cranwell
Cremedewelle, Matillis de, xxxix, 44
, Ricardus Albus
her husband, 44
,, , filii et filiae, 44
Crendon, Long (Crendon'), Bucks,
Creissi, al. Cressi, Hugo de, 2, 54
Crevequer Crieuequeor, etc.;
Crevequer, Family of, of Co. Lin-
coln, xxxiv, etc.
, pedigree, xxxv
Crieuequeor, *** uxor Simonis de,
xxxv, 7, 1 8
, filii et filiae, 7, 1 8
Crevequer, Alexander (i) son of
Reginald de, xxxv, 7n.
, Amabilis, his
Crevequer, Alexander (u) son of
Simon de, xxxv, 7n.
Crieuequor, Avicia de, 16
Bouesboz, heres ejus, 16
, filius et filiae,
Crevequer, Cecilia daughter of
Alexander (i) de, xxxv, 7n.
, Walter de Nevill
her husband, xxxv
Crieuequeor, Matillis uxor Regi-
naldi de, 20
Crevequer, Reginald de, xxxv,
, Alexander his
son, xxxv, 7n., 2on.
Crieuequor, Simon [son of Regi-
nald] de, xxxiv, xxxv, 7,
Crispinus, Jocelinus, de genere ejus,
40, 4 1
,, , Milo, 41 n.
Cristemesse, Radulfus, 68
Cristiana, uxor Warengerii de Hoc-
Cristiana de Ruilia, 81
Cristiana, filia Willelmi filii Gerardi,
neptis Rogeri de Lange-
Crosholm, in Bishop's Norton,
Lines, 17, i8n.
Crosholm, Gervase de, i8n.
, Richard de, i8n.
Croun Craon, Wido de, 4n., 14
, [Isabella] his wife,
the widow of Albert Gresle,
Croxton (Croxf), Lines, 16
Croydon, Cambs, 86n.
Cueya, vide Quy
Curci, vide Courcy
Curtenei, Reginaldus de, xxix,
xxxix, 34, 40
Curzun, William de, xxivn.
, his wife, a niece of
Richard archdeacon of
Danmartin, Philippus filius Philippi
Dartford, Kent, xxxvi, 87n.
Dedham (Diham), Essex, 70
D'Eincurt de Eincurt D'Eyn-
Eincurt, Aliz uxor Johannis de,
, Ralf Murdac,
her brother, 19, ign.
Eincurt, Johannes de, 18, 19, 28n.
Eincurt, Oliverus filius Johannis
de, xxvii, 18, 19
D'Eyncurt, Walter, 28n.
Eincurt', Walterus de, 19
Dena, Radulfus de, 70
, Ela, his daughter,
Jordan de Sauqueville and
William de Marci, 7on.
, vide Saukeuill'
Denham, Suff., 60
Denise de Montchensy, wife of Hugh
de Vere, 58n.
Denny Abbey, Cambs, 84n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Denton, Lines, 2
Dermot Mac Murrough, 7611.
, Eva, Countess of
Pembroke, his daughter,
Desborough (Dusteberge) hundred,
Didlington ( ?), Norl, 5 in.
Diham, vide Dedham
Dinosio, Rogerus de, vide Sancto
Dinsley, Temple (Dinel'), Herts, 67
Dinton (Dunton'), Bucks, 38
Diua, Matillis uxor Willelmi de, 14,
, filii et filiae, 15
,, , Willelmusde, 15, 27
Dive, Family of, I5n., 27n.
Donington (Duninton'), Lines, 15
Dovercourt (Duuercurt), Essex, 71
Dray ton, in Lowick, Northants, 26n.
Dray ton. Henry de, 26n.
Dumard, Gerald de, 23n.
, Ingeram de, 23n.
, Walterus Dure-
dent, nepos ejus, 23n.
, Matillis uxor Ingelram' de,
Dunelmensis episcopus, fees of, in
Lines, 5, 7n.
Duninton', vide Donington
Duniton', vide Dunton Chamberlain
Dunstable Priory (canonici de
Dunstaple), Beds, 22
Dunstanuill', Alan de, 41, 4in.
, uxor ejus [Muriel
de Langetot], 41, 4in.
Dunstanville, Alice daughter of
Walter de, 7n., 8n.
Dunston, Lines., 2, 3n.
Dunteshale, vide Blunts Hall
Dunton', vide Dinton
Dunton Chamberlain (Duniton'),
Beds, xxiij, 32
Dunwich (Dunewich'), Suff., esta-
gium [i.e. lestagium] de,
Duredent, Walterus, 23n.
Durham, vide Dunelmensis
Dusteberge, vide Desborough
Duuercurt, vide Dovercourt
Eaton, Water (Etton'), Bucks, 39,
Easington (Esinton'), Bucks, 4in.,
Eboracensis archiepiscopatus, feo-
da, 3, 8, 10
, custodes archie-
piscopatus, xxi, xxvijn.,
3, 8, 10
Edinggraue, vide Addingrove
Edesfeld (al. Edisfeld'), Willelmus
de, feoda, 48, 54
Edisfeld', Rogerus cognatus Willel-
mi de, 54
Edwardstone, Suff., xliv
Eia, vide Kingseye
Eik, Adam de, 65
Eimeford', vide Eynesford
Eincurt, de, vide D'Eincurt
Einesham, vide Eynsham Abbey
Ela, daughter of Ralph de Dene,
wife of Jordan de Sauque-
Eleanor de Vitre, 2 in.
Eliensis episcopus, 47, 58, 63, 64
, feodum Sanctse
EtheloYedse, 54, 54n.
, feodum .j. militis
in Cueya, 86
,, ,, , bailivi episcopi,
, Bishop, William de
Elint', [Avelina] filia Willelmi de,
xx, 71, 72n.
,, , [sc. Elinton], Willelmus de,
xx, 71, 72n.
Elizabeth, uxor Roberti filii Hugo-
nis de Tateshale, neptis
Comitis Gileberti de Gant,
,as uxor Roberti filii Hugo-
nis, filia Willelmi filii
Walteri de Welle, 9, 9n.,
Elsenham, Essex, 74n.
Emma [de Norhamtona], filia Hen-
rici Tiart, uxor Roberti de
Sancto Paulo, et Hugonis
filii Roberti, 22, 23n.
Emma de Beaufo, widow of Guy de
Emma de Langetot, [uxor Galfridi
filii Willelmi], xxxviij, 40,
41, 4 in., 44
Emma, daughter of Baldwin Fitz
Gilbert, wife of Hugo Wac,
Engaine, Margareta, uxor Galfridi
Britonis, 23, 24, 27
, filia Ricardi filii
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Engaine, Ricardus heres Margaretse,
, Sara daughter of
William de Chesney, his
Engaine, Viel, 2411., 27n.
Engayne (Ingaynia) Richard, 24n.
Engayne, William, 24n.
Ernaldus, 68, 69
Erpingham (Herpingham), Norf.,
Escaliis, Gerebod' de, 9, gn.
Esfeldia, vide Ashfield
Esinton', vide Easington
Espec, Hawise, wife of William de
Bussei, i in.
,, , Walter, nn.
Essedeford', Willelmus de, 53
Esseleia, Petrus de, 25
Esselia, vide Ashley
Essendine (Issendene), Rutl., 45
,, , vicecomes, 71, 80
,, , forest of, 85n.
,, , fine for forest offence in,
,, , Earls of, vide Mandevill
Essex, *** filia Aliciae de, maritata
Cestrie, 29, 3on.
,, , Alicia de, soror Comitis
Albrici, xxvii, xxxviij, 29,
30, 76, 77
,, ,, , amita Comitis
,, ,, , duo filii milites,
xxvii, 29, 77
, Robert of Essex
and Roger Fitz Richard
her husbands, 77n.
,, , Henricus de, baronia ejus, 64
, feodum, xlv, 74n.,
,, , Robert of, 77n.
,, ,, , Gunnor his wife,
, Alicia de Vere his
,, , Suain of, 64n.
Eston, Wilts, 4on.
Estre, Juliana de Cathenis (i.e.
Chahaines), uxor Ricardi
, pueri, 85
,, , Richard del, 85n.
Estudeleford', vide Uttlesford, East
Eton, Bucks, 35
Etton', vide Eaton, Water
Eu (Ow), William of, 66n.
Euermuwa, Jocelinus de, 13
Eugenia, uxor Thomas filii Bernardi,
filia Radulfi Picot de
Kancia, xxxvij, 55, 87
Eva, Comitissa de Hybernia de
Ibernia, 66, 66n., 76, 76n.
Everews, Bertreia Comitissa, filia
Comitis de, 15, i6n.
Everingham, Robert de, I4n.
Eveya, vide Quy
Ewerby (Iwarebi), Lines, 13
Extraneus L' Estrange ;
Extraney, Maria uxor Gwidonis,
, tres domini sui,
, nata de militi-
bus et baronibus, xxvii, 53
L'Estrange, Guy, 53n.
Eye (Eya), Honour of, fees held of,
xliv, 62n., 64, 65n.
Eyeworth church, Beds, im.
Eynesford (Eimeford', Eineford')
hundred, Norf., 56, 57
Eynsham (Einesham) Abbey, Oxon,
Fairstead (Fahirstia, Fairested'),
Essex, xxxi, 68, 69n., 79
Falconer, Henry the, i7n.
, Ralf the, I7n.
Faldo, Beds, 33n.
Faleweslea, vide Fawsley
Falkenham (Faltham), Surf., 61
Faltham, vide Falkenham
Fambridge (Wanbrige), Essex,
xxxvij, xlvij, 77
Farlingham, Parva, vide Framling-
Farnham, Essex, 74n.
Fawsley (Faleweslea), Northants,
manerium Regis de, 28
hundred, Northants, 28n.
Faxton, Northants, 23
, ? (Frixton), 28
Felice, daughter of Eustace de Ho,
wife of William Martel, 79n.
Fenecurt, Helias de, 18
Ferrariis, Comes de, feudum ejus, 25
, Ysowda filia Roberti
Comitis de, 25, 69
Filius, Filii, Filiae, Fitz:
cujusdam militis, ***, 25
Albrici [de Vere], Robertus, 26
[Alcheri, a/.] Aucheri, Os-
, filia 81
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Filius Alcheri [al. Aucheri], Ricardus
,, Alcheri [al. Aucheri], Tursti-
nus, vide Waltham
Alexandri, Nigellus, 4, 8, 14,
25, 4 6n., 48, 57, 58
, Alicia de Orri, al.
Beaufow, neptis ejus, 25,
,, Aluredi, Willelmus, 80, 82n.
Amfrid son of Ruald, Alan,
Astun, Johannes, 4
Azonis, Gaufridus, xxviij, 32
, sheriff of Hampshire,
,, Bernard, John, 8jn.
Bernardi, Thomas, xxx, xxxvi
xxxvii, 25, 29, 55, 77
,, Johannes clericus,
senescallus ejus, 29
,, ,, Eugenia Picot,
uxor ejus, 55, 77^, 87
,, ,, , [Johannes] films
ejus, xxvij, xlvi, 77, 77n.
, filii et filia, 87
,, ,, Matillis de Bidune
filia ejus, xxxvi j, 49, 55
,, his daughters, 65n.
Chetelli, Willelmus, ostriciar-
ius Regis, 9, gn.
,, Aelizia his widow,
Drogonis, Radulfus, 16, I7n.
,, his wife,
Ernisii, al. Ernulfi, Robertus,
,, ,, , filia ejus, 18
Gaufridi, Gaufridus, xliij, 28n.
, [Matillis de] Bidune,
his wife, xliij, 43, 44n., 45
Geoffrey, Robert, xliij
,, Gerardi Coci, Cristiana filia
Gerold, Henry, Maud de Ches-
ney his wife, and sons, 3 in.
Gerold, Warin, 73n.
,, ,, , Alice de Courcy his
Gileberti, Baldwinus, vide
, Roeis de Bussei, his
daughter, n, 12, 45
,, Gileberti, Herebertus, 8n., 10
*** uxor ejus,
neptis Galfridi de Nouill',
,, ,, , pueri, 10
Filius Ginant, Elias, 36
Gocelin Fitz Lambert, Gilbert,
Godcelini, al. Goscelini, Wil-
lelmus, 7in., 72
,, Alicia de Tani his
daughter, 71, 72, 73n.
Goscelini, Alicia filia Roberti
Godefridi, Johannes, 72n.
Goding', Robertus, 68
Godric, Ralf, xlvi
Haldein, Ricardus, xlvin.
Hamundi al. Hamonis filii
Meinfelin', Hamundus al.
Hamo, xxiv, 26, 27n., 38,
, de progenie Comitis
Henrici, Engelramus, 22, 23n.
Henrici, Hugo, 65n.
,, , his wife, 65n.
,, Hereberti filii Gileberti, Gile-
bertus, 8, 8n.
Hereberti filii Rollandi, ***,62
Hoin, Gilebertus, 68
Hugonis, Robertus, 5, 5n., 9,
,, ,, , vide Tateshale
Hugonis filii Roberti filii
Sewini, Robertus, xxij, 21
Hugonis, Willelmus, 34
Humfridi, Robertus, 48
, *** uxor ejus, 48n.
,, ,, , Ewstacius de Lei-
ham consanguineus ejus, 48
Johannis, Paganus, Agnes de
Muntchenesy filia ejus,
xlij, xlviij, 38, 50, 51, 54, 58
,, ,, , Agnes de Valuines,
soror ejus, 67, 77, 87
Lambert, Gozelin, xxxv
,, Mabiliae, Leticia deKiueliuxor
Meinfelin', Hamo, xxi, xxxvi,
26, 27n., 30, 38, 39n., 6gn.
,, ,, Matildis Mauduit
uxor ejus, 38, 39 bis.
, films et filise, 38, 39
Nigelli, Alexander, vide Nigel-
lus filius Alexandri
,, Nigel, John, 42n.
Nigel, Osbert, 46n.
Osbert, Alexander, of Fulbeck,
,, Oter, Walter, 35n.
Oto, Family of, 73n.
Pagani, Galfridus, 18
Peter, Adam, Maud de Cauz,
his wife, I4n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Filius Petri, Galfridus, xxxij, 29, 39,
,, , filia Willelmi de Say,
uxor ejus, 49, 50
Petri, Petrus, 65n.
Petri, Simon, xviii
,, Ralph, Hubert, yon.
,, Ralph Fitz Drogo, Drogo,
,, Ralph Fitz Drogo, Ralph,
,, Ralph Fitz Drogo, Walter,
,, Ralph Fitz Ribald, Robert,
,, , *** de Glanville his
wife, xxiv, 49n.
, his son, 49
Ramilf, William, i3n.
Ricardi, Robertus, vide Clare
Ricardi [de Clare], Matillis de
Seinliz filia Roberti,
xxxviij, i, 63
,, , Mabilia de Heliun filia
Richard, Roger, of Wark-
worth, 3on., yyn.
Roberti filii Odonis, ***,82
Roberti filii Radulfi, ***, 49
Roberti camerarii, Gaufridus,
Roberti filii Sewini, Hugo,
, Emma filia Henrici
Tiart, uxor ejus, 22, 23n.
,, ,, , filius et filiae, 23
Roberti, Walterus, vide Clare
Roberti, Matillis de Luvetot,
filia Waited, 67
,, Roberti, Willelmus, 8
,, Rogeri, Ricardus, 82
Rollandi, Herebertus, jocula-
tor Regis, 62
, *** de Heccham,
uxor ejus, 62
,, filius et filiae, 62
Rualdi, Amfridus, 44n.
,, Matillis filia ejus,
uxor Ricardi Albi, 44
,, Sewini, Robertus, 22
Siwardi, Ricardus, 14
Siwardi, Willelmus, 6
Stephani, Eustachius, xxiv,
, filia, xxiv, 55, 5yn.
Stephani, Radulfus, cambella-
nus Domini Regis, 13, I4n.
,, [Matildis] de Cauz,
uxor ejus, 13, I4n.
,, Stephen, William, i4n.
Filius Thomae filii Bernardi, [Johan-
nes], xxxvij, xlvi, 77, 77n.
, *** filia Waited de
Caune [his wife], 77
,, Tiard, Henricus, 22, 23n.
, vide Tiart
Truite, Robert, ion.
,, , Adam of Carlisle, his
Turoldi, Willelmus, 8
Ursi, Ricardus, 24n., 27, 27n.
, his wife, the widow
of Richard Engayne, 24n.
, Reginald Fitz Urse,
his son, 24n., 27n.
,, ,, , Margareta Engaine
filia ejus, 23, 24, 27
,, Walter, Robert, vide Clare
,, Waited, Willelmus, 9
,, , vide Welle
Willelmi, Alardus, 41
, Cecilia de Langetot,
his wife, 41, 4in.
Willelmi, Galfridus, 41 n.
, Emma de Langetot,
his wife, 40, 4in.
,, ,, , Muriel and Cecilia,
. his daughters, 41, 4in.
Willelmi, Walterus, 59
Willelmi filii Aluredi, *** 80,
, f ratres et sorores, 80
,, Willelmi filii Chetelli, ***, 9
,, Willelmi filii Rannulfi, [Nich-
olas ?], 13
,, Wimarc', Willelmus, 68
Fineshead Priory, Northants, 27n.
Fishley, Norf., 49n.
Flamstead, Herts, 77n.
Flandrensis natione, 17
Flaxwell wapentake, Lines, 13
Flete, vide Flitt
Flitt (Flete) hundred, Beds, 32, 33
Fontibus, Henricus de, 75
Forestarii, tres filiae Stephani, 35
, *** mater filiarum Step-
Forestarius, Albredus, 26n.
Forestarius Regis, 24n.
Forestership of Sherwood, Notts,
in Waltham, Essex,
Fossard, *** nepos Willelmi, 29
Foulmire (Fulemere), Cambs, 86
Framlingham, Little (Parva Far-
lingham), Suff., xlvij, 64,
Fratres de Simplingham, 19
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Fraxineto, William de, 7911.
, Maud his wife,
widow of Eustace de Ho,
Friston', Reginaldus de, 10
Frixton', vide Faxton ( ?)
,, , vide Strixton ( ?)
Fulbeck, Lines, 4611.
Fulemere, vide Foulmire
Fu image, *** uxor Waited, 17
Furnival, Gerard de, 6711.
, his wife, daughter
of William de Luvetot,
Fyfield, Hants, 3Qn.
Gadinton, vide Gethampton
Gallow (Galeho) hundred, Norf., 57
Gamelton, vide Campton
Gant, Alice daughter of Earl Gilbert
,, , [Elizabeth] neptis Comitis
Gileberti de, 5, 5n., 9, gn.
Gartree (Jeretre) wapentake, Lines,
Gategraue, vide Gedgrave
Gatesden, Ermigerda de Bidune,
uxor *** de, xliij, 43, 45
Gathanthune, vide Gethampton
Gaufreuill', Matillis filia Walteri de,
Gaufridus prepositus, 68
Gedgrave (Gategraue), SufL, 62
Gedney, Lines, 46n.
Gernemuwe [al. Jernemue], Willel-
mus de, 51, 52, 52n.
, pueri, filii, 51, 52
Gernon, Robert, 83n., 85n., 86n.
Gethampton (Gathanthune, Gadin-
ton, Sathampton), Oxon,
Gibewin, Radulfus, xxxiv, 4, 8
Giffard, Honour or Fief of, 3 in.,
34n., 38n., 4in., 42n., 51,
52n., 55n., 56n., 57n., 85
, eschaeta Walteri
, liability of ten-
ants of, xxvi
, twenty fees held
of, by Hugh de Bolebec,
Gigney, Sibilla de Harleton', filia
Rogeri de, 85
[Gilla] de la Haia, uxor Ricardi de
Humez, 12, I2n.
Ginant, terra ejus, 36
, films et filiae, 36
, al. Gumont, William, 36n.
Glanuill', Osbertus de, xxii, 59, 61,
68, 69, 79
, al. Glamuill', Ranulfus de,
i, 9, 26, 60, 61, 62, 83, 84
, nepos ejus, filius
Roberti filii Radulfi, 49
, neptis ejus, uxor
Radulfi de Haudebouill',
, Mabilia neptis
ejus, uxor Albrici Picot, 83
, Marriages of his
sister and nieces, xxiv
, Berta, niece of,
, Reiner senescallus
e J us > 5> 5 n -> 6, 7 n -
, al. Glainuill, Stephanus de,
, uxor ejus, filia
Agnetis de Muntchenesy,
Glap thorn (Glaptorn), Northants,
Gloecestrie, Robertus Comes, 15
,, ,, , Matillis Comitissa
Cestrie, filia ejus, 15
Gloucester, Honour or fief of the
Earl of, xxxiij, 55n., 56n.,
57n., Son., 85n.
Gloucester, Miles of, Earl of Here-
, Margaret de Bu-
hun, his daughter, 84n.
Glouecestr', [Willelmus] Comes, 75,
Gobyun, Hugh, 22n.
,, ,, , vide Gubiun
Godric dapifer, xlvi
Gokewell Abbey, in Broughton,
Lines, 2 in.
Goring Priory, Oxon, 4in.
Gousel', vide Goxhill
, *** filia Roberti filii Ernisii
de, 7, 7n.
Goxhill (Gousel'), Lines, 7, 7n.
Granuel, *** uxor Willelmi, 81
,, filii, 81
Green's Norton, vide Norton, Green's
Greensted (Grenested'), Essex, 75,
Grenevilles manor, Essex, 8in.
Gr esl ey Gr esl e Gr esl ei ;
, pedigree, 4n.
, Agnes de Mundevill,
Roberti, 47, 55
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Gresley, etc. continued ;-
Albertus, terra ejus, 8
Thomae Basset, uxor ejus,
4> J 4
,, ,, , filius et filiae, 14,
, filius Teocibaldi
Hautin, nepos ejus, 55
Amabilia de Tresgoz, filia
, vide Tresgoz
Robertus de (sic), 57
, [Willelmus] de
Tresgoz, nepos ejus, 57,
[Robertus] filius Alberti, 4,
,, ,, , Gill ebertus Basset,
avunculus suus, 48
Grey, Reginald de, 4on.
Grimsby, Lines, I7n.
Grimsby, Walter de, i7n.
Gubiun, Beatricia uxor Ricardi,
xxxix, 32, 33
,, ,, , filii et filiae, 33
, vide Gobyon
Guestwick, Norf., 56n.
Gulafre, Family of, 28n.
Gulaffre, Herebertus filius Rogeri,
Gulafre, Hugh, 28n.
Gulaffre, Matillis filia Rogeri, 28
, filii et filiae, 28
, Ricardus filius Matillidis,
, Juliane de Laigle
his widow, 28n.
Gunby, Lines, 7on.
Gunnora, daughter of Hubert deSt.
Clair, wife of William de
Lanvalei, 47n, 66n, 7on.
Gunnora, wife of Robert of Essex,
Gunnora de Valognes, 87n.
Habingwurthe, Robertus de, 66, 67
, heres suus, lepro-
sus, 66, 67
Hacconby (Hacunbi), Lines, 12.
Hackefleta, vide Bradwell
Hackthorn, Lines, xxxiv, 7n.
Hacunbi, Agnes uxor Walteri de,
, filii et filiae, 12
Haddon, East (Haddun'), North-
ants, xxxi, xxxiv, 27
Hagenet', vide Haughley
Haia, La Haye, La, Family of, I2n
,, , Matillis uxor Ricardi de La,
, [Nicholaa] filia ejus,
uxor Gerardi de Camuill',
, [Gilla] filia ejus,
uxor Ricardi de Humez,
, [Matillis] filia ejus,
uxor Willelmi de Rolles, 12
,, Richard de La, 1 2n.
Haie, nemus quod vocatur La, 46
Hainford (Hemeford'), Norf., 47
Haiwardho wapentake, Lines, 17
Hakent', terra de, Lines, 18
" Hal d 'eh'/' Essex, 68, 6gn.
Haldein, vide Hautein
Hale, Alanus de, 24
,, , Thomas de, 24
Hallingbury, Great (Hailing eburia),
Hambye Abbey, Normandy, 2 in.
Hameslepe, camerarius de, 43
,, ,, , vide Mauduit
Hampshire, Geoffrey Fitz Azo,
sheriff of, 32n.
Haniges, vide Honing
Hansard, [Gilebertus] filius Gile-
berti, xxvij, xlvii, 5, 5n.
, John, 6n.
Hanworth, Cold (Hanewurth),
Lines, xxxv, 7n., 18
Happing (Happinges) hundred,
Hardres, Robertus de, 13
Hardwick, Lines, xxxv
Harleton'.. Sibilla de, filia Rogeri de
Gigney, xxxix, 85
, Rogerus de Hunt-
ingfeld, filius et heres, 85
Harlton (Herleton'), Cambs, 85
Harpswell, Lines, xxxv
Hartismere (Hertesmere) hundred,
Harwecurt,Albreiade, [uxor Willel-
mi Trussebut], in., 27,
,, , filia ejus, uxor
Euerardi de Ros, i, in.
, filii, 27, 28
, vide Trussebut
Haslingfield (Haselingfeld'), Cambs,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Haspahal', Simon de, serviens, 68
Hatfield Peverel (Hadfeld'), Essex,
Hatley, East, Cambs, 86n.
Haudebouill', *** heres Radulfi de,
, *** uxor Radulfi de,
Hauechford', Matillis filia Robert!
de, 36, 37
Haughley (Hagenef), Honour of,
52, 53, 6m.
"Hauf," Hunts, 47
Hautein Haldein, etc. ;
Haldein, Godwine, xlvi, 47n.
Hautein, al. Hautin, Teodbaldus,
xlvi, 47, 55
, Agnes filia Ro-
berti Gresley, uxor ejus,
47, 47n., 55
, filii ejus, 47, 55
Hautein, al. Haltein, Walterus,
, vide Hayntone
Hauuill', Radulfus de, 51, 52
Hauville, Henry de, 52n.
Haverhill ( ?), Sufi., 5Qn.
Hawis Espec, wife of William de
Bussei, i in.
Hawis, uxor Willelmi de Windesor',
xxxix, 35, 40
Haye, La, vide Haia, La
Hayntone (Hautein?), Walter de,
,, ,, , vide Hautein
Headington, Oxon, 2Qn.
Heccham, *** filia Walteri de, uxor
Hereberti filii Rollandi, 62
Hecham, vide Higham
Heingford', vide Hinckford
Heinton', Robertus de, 8
Heldrikham, vide Hildersham
Helewis de Swinope, uxor Simonis
de Canti \scil. Canci], 17
Heliun, Alice de, 59n.
Helion, Andrew de, 82n.
Heliun, Mabilia de, filia Rogeri filii
Ricardi, xxxvij, 59
, Robertus heres Mabiliae de,
Helion, William de, 5gn.
Hellesdon (Heilesdune), Norf., xlvi,
Helpo, al. Heppo, balistariiis, I2n.,
Hemeford', vide Hainford
Hemeford', Alicia de, filia Ricardi
de Colechirche, 47, 5411.
, William Blund,
her husband, 47n.
Hemeford', Hubertus filius Alicise
, vide Blundus
Hemested', vide Hempstead
Hemingby (Hemming ebi), Lines, 15
Hemingstone (Hamming eston),
Hempstead (Hemested'), Norf., 54
Henry I, Grants, etc., 58n., 65n.,
, Lastage in Suff.,
etc., farmed out by, 52, 52n.
, filius ejus, Rober-
tus Comes Gloecestrie, 15
, his tailor, 23n.
Henry, Duke of Normandy, charter
Henry II, Grants, etc., 22n., 23,
23n., 4in., 65n., 82n.
, The see of York in
hands of, xxi, 3, 8, 10
,, ,, , The see of Lincoln
in hands of, 13 bis, 14, 20
,, ,, , Four virgates in
Braunston held of his
manor of Fawsley, 28
, Lands held of
" per serjanteriam dispen-
sarie," 36, 43
,, Land held " per
serjanteriam eundi ******
ultra mare ad custum
Domini Regis," 44
, Terra in Witon'
de serjanteria ejus, 49
, Farm, etc., of
lastage in three counties,
, Service due to,
" cum ierit cum exercitu in
,, ,, , A crown of pea-
cock's feathers sent to by
the Pope, xxxiv
, Dapiferi, William
Malet and Gilbert his son,
xxx vi, xxx vii
,, , Joculator Regis, 62
, Serviens ejus, de
honore de Notingham, 26
Herdeseta, vide Hethersett
Herd ford', vide Hertford
Hereford, Miles, Earl of, 84n.
,, Roger, Earl of, 5on.
, Cecily, his wife,
, her husbands, 5011.
Herlaue, Walterus de, 4
Herlawe, Johanna uxor Willelmi de,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Herleton', vide Harlton
Herpingham, vide Erpingham
Hertesmere, vide Hartismere
Hertford (Herdford) hundred,
Priory, Herts, 5 in.
Hertfordshire (Hertford 'sire), 66
Hesseburn', Magister Thomas de, 65
Hethersett (Herdeseta), Norl, 49
Heure, vide Iver
Higham (Hecham), in Waltham-
stow, Essex, xlvij, 77
Higham Gobion, Beds, 33n.
Hildersham (Heldrikham), Cambs,
Hillesden, Bucks, xxix
Hinckford (Heingford') hundred,
Hittin, battle of, 3in
Ho, Rogerus de, 48
Hockeslawe, vide Huxlow
Hockliffe (Hoccliue), Beds, xxiij, 33
Hockham (Hoccam) church, Norf.,
Hockwellbury ? (Hochwell', Holch-
well'), Herts, 67
Hocxene, Cristiana uxor Warengerii
,, , films et filiae, 60
Hodebovill manor, Suff., 6on.
Hodebovill', Hugh de, 6on.
, John his son, 6on.
, vide Haudebouill'
Hodeschae, vide Odsey
Hoiland, Feria de, 7n.
, vide Boston, Lines
Holbeach, Lines, 46n.
Holcham, Hadenaldus de, xli
, vide Bidun
Holchwell', vide Hockwellbury ?
Holkham, Norf., xli, xlviij, 50, 51
Hall, Norf., 77 n.
Holt hundred, Norf., 56
Honing (Haniges), Norf., 48, 49n.
Honington (Huddintun'j, Lines,
Hoo Hall (How) in Rivenhall,
, Martells or Cog-
geshalls manor in, 79n.
Horncastle (Hornecastrum), sokeof,
,, ,, wapentake, Lines,
verumdictum of, 5
Horndish (Hornedes), Norf., 47n.
Horndon (Thorindun'), Essex, 82
East ? (Torindune),
Essex, 80, 82n.
Hornedes, vide Oxnead
Horsint', al. Ossint', Hereueus de,
2, 3n., 16
Hortfordbur', vide Hertingfordbury
Horton, Bucks, 35
Hospitale de Jerusalem, 22
Houre, vide Iver
How, vide Hoo Hall
Howe, Eustacius nlius Willelmi de,
, frater et sorores,
, Maud his widow,
,, ,, , Felice his daughter
Huddintun', vide Honington
Humberston (Humestain), Lines,
Humbestan, Henry de, al. the
, Ralf de, al. the falconer,
Humestain, *** mater Radulfi de,
, filii et filia, 17,
Humez, Ricardus de, 12
uxor ejus, 12, i2n.
Hungerton, Lines, i
Huntendon', Radulfus de, 3
Huntingfeld', Rogerus de, 85
, Sibilla de Harle-
ton', mater ejus, 85
Huntingfield, Family of, 83n.
Huxlow (Hockeslawe) hundred.
Hwitchirche, vide Whitchurch
Hwitefeld', vide Whitfield
Hybernia Ibernia,[Eva], Comitissa
de, 66, 66n., 76, 76n.
,, filius, 76, 76n.
,, ,, , vide Clare
Icklingham (Ykinlingham), Suff.,
Ida, uxor Willelmi de Schirinton',
filia Hugonis de Bulli, 42
Idoine, daughter of John de Builli,
wife of Robert de Vipont,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Idoine, daughter of Stephen de
Ilchester, Richard of, archdeacon
of Poitiers, xxivn.
,, ,, , his niece, xxivn.
Infirmi Sancti Leonardi, 22
, vide Northampton
Ingania, vide Engayne
Ingelram, Johannes, 18, i8n.
, filia filiae ejus, 18
Ingledesthorp ? (Lexedene), in
Earls Colne, Essex, 71,
Ingoldeby, Osbert Fitz Nigel de,
, vide Osbert Fitz
Ingoldesby, Nigel Fitz Alexander
, vide Nigellus filius
Ingoldsby, Lines, 46n.
Isabel, daughter of Richard Fitz
Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke,
Islip (Yslepe), Northants, 25, 26n.
, filius cujusdam
militis in, 25
Isoude, daughter of Stephen de
, vide Ysowda
Issendene, vide Essendine
Iver (Houre, Heure), Bucks, 35
Iwarebi, vide Ewerby
Ixworth (Yxewurth'), Sufi., xxx,
Jareburg', vide Yarborough
Jarpunuill', al. Charpunuill', Will el
mus de, 43
Jeretre, vide Gartree
JernenV, Willelmus de
,, ,, , vide Gernemue
Joan, daughter of Henry de Corn-
Joculator Regis, 62
Johannes camerarius, 82n.
Johannes clericus, 4
, senescallus Thomse
filii Bernardi, 29
Johannes, constabularius Cestrie,
, uxor ejus, filia
Aliciae de Essex, 29, 3on.
John, King, 32n.
Juliana Comitissa, soror Comitis
Albrici [de Vere], 71
Juliana filia Radulfi de Cathenis,
uxor Ricardi del Estre, 85
Juliane de Laigle, 28n.
Kaineto Kaisneto, vide Chesney
Kalsewath, vide Calceworth
Kamelton', vide Camp ton
Karleby, Elizabeth, widow of
Robert de, 2on.
Karleford', vide Carlford
Kaune, vide Caune
Kelby, Lines, lyn.
Kelsey, South (Sucheleseia, Chele-
seia), Lines, xlvij, 5, 5n.,
Kelvedon, Essex, 82n.
Kenebolton', vide Kimboltou
Kenton (Keninf, Keneton), Suff.,
Kimberworth, Yorks, I2n.
Kimbolton, Hunts, annual farm
and receipts from, xxviij,
plough teams and
, curia ville, 46
, francci homines, 46
, nemus quod vocatur
La Haie in, 46
, Honour of, 46n.
Kingseye (Eia), Bucks, 43
Kirby Bedon (Kirkebi), Norf.,
xxxvij, xli, 49
Kirchested', vide Kirkstead Abbey
Kirkby, Lines, i8n.
Kirkstead Abbey (monachi de Chir-
kested', de Kirchested'),
Lines, xxxiv, 19
Kirkton (Chircheton') wapentake,
Kiueli, Leticia soror Willelmi de, 60
Kiveli, William de, 6on.
Kyme, Family of, 7n.
Lackford (Laford) hundred, Suff.,
La Coroner, Beatrice, xxviin.
Lacy, Roger de, constable of Ches-
Laford, vide Lackford
La Forde, vide Sleaford
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
La Haia, vide Haia, La
Laigle (de Aquila), Gilbert de, 2811.
, Juliane of Perche
his wife, 2811.
,, , Juliane de, 2811.
Lambecot, Cecilia de, vide Langetot
Lammarsh (Lammersse), Essex, 68,
Lancaster, Honour of, 411., 6n., 8n.,
48n., 62n., yon.
Langeford, Cristiana neptis Rogeri
Langetot, Cecilia de, uxor Balde-
wini de Coldray, 4in.
,, , Kmma de, xxxviij, 40, 41,
4in., 44, 56
, de genere de
Chedney et Joscelini Cris-
pini, 40, 41
William, her husband, 4in.
ejus, uxor Alardi filii
Willelmi, 41, 4in.
ejus, uxor Alani de Dun-
stanvill', 41, 4in.
, Ralph (i) de, 3 in., 56n.
, Ralph (n) de, 4in.
Langford, Essex, 79n.
Langoe (Langho), terra de, Lines, 18
Lanvalei Lanuall', Willelmus de,
47, 70, 80
Claro, his wife, 47n., 66n.
Lanvallei, William, son of William
Lateburia, Domina de, 43, 45n.
Lathbury (Lateburia, Lateberia,
La teheriajohannis), Bucks,
43, 43n., 45n.
Laurentius, archidiaconus Bede-
Lauretta, uxor Hugonis de Burde-
leis, filia Eustacii Picot,
La Veile, al. Vetula, *** uxor Ri-
cardi, filia Amfridi Bute-
turte, 48, 49n., 54, 54n.
, filii et filiae, 54
Ricardus (sic), al. Rogerus
filius Ricardi, 48, 49, 54, 56
, nepos Gwidonis
Buteturte et cognatus
Willelmi de Edisfeld',xxiv,
, Thomas Basset,
avunculus ejus, 48
La Veylle, Thomas, 49n.
Lavendon Abbey, Bucks, xli
Laver, High, Essex, 78n.
Laxton, Northants, 27n.
Layer Marney, Essex, 72n.
Leddet, Wischardus, 32
Ledet, Christian, 26n.
Leic', vide Ley ton
Legrecestr' Leicestr' Comes, Feo-
dum ejus, 16
,, Honor ejus, 27
Leicestresire, aula et camera in,
Leighs, Great?, Little? (Leia),
Leigh tonstone (Leitonested') hun-
dred, Hunts, 46
Leiham, Ewstachius de, 48
, Cecilia de Buutorp,
his wife, 48
, Reginaldus filius Ewsta-
chii de, xxiv, 48
, uxor ejus, neptis
vicecomitis Wimeri, 48
Leitonested', vide Leigh tons tone
Lenna, vide Lynn
[Leonia], uxor Roberti de Stuteuill',
, de parentela Ed-
wardi de Salesburia, 69
, de progenie Ro-
geri de Reimes, 69
Le Poher, Robertus, 73
Lepuiher, William, 73n.
L'Estrange, vide Extraneus
Leticia de Kiueli, uxor Willelmi filii
Lexden (Lexeden') hundred, Essex,
Lexedene, vide Ingledesthorp ( ?),
in Earls Colne
Leyham, Robert de, 48n.
Leyham, Norf., 48n.
Leyton (Leic'), Essex, xlvii, 77
Limesia, Amicia de, filia HanelaS
de Bidune, xxvii, 51
, Gerard de Limesi,
her husband, 5 in.
, filii et filiae, xxvii,
, Johannes filius Amiciae de,
Lincoln (Line'), 8
Lincolniensis episcopatus, 13 bis,
, fees held of, 7n.,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Lincolnshire (Lincolnscira, Lincol-
, farm, etc., of
lastage in, 52, 52n.
,, sheriffs, Walter de Grims-
Basset, xxx, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9,
10, 12, 18, 20, 21
, Nigel Fitz
Lisoriis, Alicia uxor Fulconis de,
, filii et filiae, 24
Listen', Avicia filia Roberti de, uxor
Godefridi camerarii, 72
,, ,, , filius, 72
, Godfrey, son of
John de, 72n.
, John, son of Godfrey de, 72n.
Listen Overhall, Essex, 72n.
" Lodinglond " ( ?), Sufi., 6$Ti.
Loes, al. Lose hundred, Suff., 64
Lohareng', Willelmus, 34
Lohereng', Petrus heres Rogeri le,
, al. Loerenc, Rogerus le,
Longchamp, Osbert de, 72n.
, Avelina de Elin-
ton his wife, 71, 72n.
, William de, bishop of
Long Crendon, vide Crendon, Long
Lothariensis, Albertus, 34n.
Lothingland hundred, Suff., xix
Luci, Godefridus de, 75, 76
,, , Herebertus de, 75, 76
,, , Maud sister of Herbert de, 76n.
,, , Ricardus de, 75, 76
,, , Robertus de, xxiv, xxxiv, 57,
, filia, 78
Lungespeye, William, 6on.
Luuetot, Matillis de, uxor Willelmi
de Luuetot, 67
,, ,, , filia, xxvij, 67
Lynn, (Lenna), Norf., 52
Mabilia de Heliun, filia Rogeri filii
Ricardi, xxxvij, 59
Mabilia, neptis Rannulfi de GlanuilF,
uxor Albrici Picot, 83
Mabilia de Tresgoz, vide Amabilia
Magene, vide Maune
Malet, Gilebertus, feodum, etc.,
xxxvi, xxxvii, 87
,, , Robert, xliv, 62n., 65n.
,, , Willelmus, xxxvi, xxxvii, 87
, Ewgenia Picot his
Malherbe, Family of, xxiij
Malherbe Malaherba, Ma tillis soror
,, ,, , filii et filiae, 33
Malherbe, Robertus, 33, 33n.
Maltby (Mel tesbi.Mauteby), Lines, 1 1
,, ,, advowson of, nn.
Maminot, Walchelin, 7 in.
, Juliana de Vere,
his wife, 70, 7in.
Mandeville, Beatrice de, xxxviij, 76
, William de
Say, her husband, 76n.
,, , Geoffrey de, 74n.
, Geoffrey de, Earl of
Essex, xxxviij, 76n., 77n.
, Roese N de Vere,
his wife, xxxviij, 77n.
, Geoffrey, son of William
, Comes Willelmus [de],
,, ,, , feodum ejus, etc.,
29. 30. 3L 74. 7 6n -. 77
, Alicia de Essex
amita ejus, 29, 76, 77n.
, Beatricia de Say
[amita ejus], 76
Manley (Manlet) wapentake, Lines,
Manshead (Manesheve) hundred,
Beds, 33, 34n.
Mantel, Robertus, serviens Domini
Regis de honore de Noting -
,, ,, , Beatricia uxor
,, ,, , filii et filia, 26
Mantelli, *** filius Roberti, 38
Mantell, Walter, 38n.
Mantell Mauntell, Family of, 26n.,
Marci, Ralf son of William de, 7on.
,, , William de, 7on.
, Ela de Dene his
Margareta Comitissa, soror Regis
Scottorum, xviij, xxxviij,
4, 5n., 62
,, ,, as Comitissa de
Richemunt, 6, 7n.
,, ,, as Comitissa Bri-
tannie, soror Regis Scottie,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Margareta Comitissa, filia sua, uxor
Comitis Britannic, 62, 84
Margareta de Buhun, [daughter of
Miles, Earl of Hereford],
Margareta Engaine, filia Ricardi
filii Ursi, uxor Galfridi
Britonis, 23, 24, 27
Margareta de Muntfichet, filia Gile-
berti filii Ricardi de Clara,
xxxix, 85, 86
Margareta de Tony, 77
Maria, uxor Gwidonis Extraney,
Maria, uxor Gaufridi de Traili, cog-
nata Comitis Simonis, 31
Mariny, Avicia filia Johannis de,
Marlowe (Merlawe), Bucks, 37
Marshal, William, 76n.
, Isabel de Clare his
Martel, William, 79n.
, Felice his wife,
daughter of Eustace de
Martells manor, Essex, 7Qn.
Matillis, Comitissa Cestrie, filia
Roberti Comitis Gloeces-
Matillis de Bussey, al. Bussei, uxor
Hugonis Wak al. Wac, n,
Matillis de Cremedewelle, filia Am-
fridi filii Rualdi, uxor
Ricardi Albi, 44
Matillis de Seinliz, filia Roberti filii
Ricardi, mater Willelmi de
Albeneio, xxxviij, i, 63
Matillis, filia Aliz de Bidune, uxor
Gaufridi filii Gaufridi, 43,
44 n -> 45
Matillis, filia Roberti de Boseuill',
uxor Gileberti de Coleuill',
[Matildis], filia Roberti de Cauz,
uxor Radulfi filii Stephani,
13, i 4 n.
, wife of Adam Fitz
Peter, Lord of Birkin, i4n.
Matillis, filia Thomae filii Bernardi,
uxor Johannis de Bidune
junioris, xxxvij, 49, 55
Matillis, filia Walteri filii Roberti,
uxor Willelmi de Luuetot,
Matillis, filia Walteri de Gaufreuill'
(sic), uxor Willelmi de
Diua, 14, I5n.
Matillis, filia Rogeri Gulaffre, 28
Matildis, filia Roberti de Hauech-
ford', uxor Angoti de Wi-
cumbe, 36, 37
Matillis, filia Ricardi de Kaunuill',
uxor Willelmi de Ros, 84
Matillis, filia Hamonis Pecche,
xxxix, 85, 86n.
Matillis, filia Roberti de Riblemunt,
Matillis, filia Willelmi de Vernun,
uxor Ricardi de La Haia,
Matildis, soror Willelmi Mauduit,
uxor Hamonis [filii] Mein-
Matillis, uxor Reginaldi de Crieue-
Matillis, uxorlngelram' deDumard',
Matildis Vis de Luw, filia Johannis
de Bidune, 43, 44
, vide Maud
Maubanc, Family of, 3in.
, Alda uxor Willelmi, 30, 31
, filiae, 30
,, , a/.Malbanc,Willelmus, 31,
Maud, the Empress, xxxviii, 6gn.
Maud, daughter of Stephen de
Beau champ, 6gn.
Maud, sister of Herbert de Luci,
Maud, widow of William de Ho,
wife of William de Fraxi-
Mauduit, Family of, pedigree, etc.,
,, [Alicia], soror camerarii de
Hameslepe, uxor Johannis
de Bidune, 43
, as Aliz de Bidune,
, her daughters'
, Gilebertus, 79
, Hamo, nepos Willelmi, 26,
27, 38, 39, 40, 44
, Matildis [soror Willelmi],
uxor Hamonis Meinfelin',
,, , Sibilla soror Willelmi,
uxor Galfridi Ridel, 24,
, Willelmus, xxxvi, 24, 25,
, as camerarius de
, William, 79n.
Mauna (Manna), Nicholaus de, 33n.
Maund Whitchurch, Heref., 33n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Maune (Magene), Brian de, 3311.
Mauteby, vide Maltby.
Mawsley, Northants, 2311.
Mayenne (Meduana, Meienne),
Walter of, 5011.
Medarius, Alexander, 36
Meinfelin', Hamo, vide Filius Mein-
Meisy, Ernaldus de, xxviij, 50
Meltesbi, vide Maltby
Merchez, domina de, 6
Merlawe, vide Marlowe
Meschin, William, 73n.
Messedena, vide Missenden
Meuland', de parentela Comitis de,
Micheham, vide Mitcham
Middleham, Yorks, Lords of, 4Qn.
Middlesex (Midelsex'), 88
Middleton (Middelf), Norf., xxx, 51,
Milton, Kent, 8yn.
Missenden (Messedena), Bucks, 38
, Little (Messeden'),
Mitcham (Micheham), Surr., 66, 6yn.
Monachi Cantuarienses, 71, 72
de Kirchested', 19
de Monte Sanctae Trinita-
Sancti Albani, 67
Moniales, 23, 31, 35, 38
Montbegon Muntbegun, etc.;
Montbegon, Adam de, 6n.
Montbegon, Roger de, 6n.
Montbegon Muntbegun Munt-
degun, Rogerus de, 5, 6n.
,, , senescallus ejus, 5
Muntbegun, S' de, 16
, *** de Areci,
his wife, 16
Montchensy Mu ntchenesy
Montchensy, Family of, xliv, 38n.
, of Edwardstone,
, pedigrees, xlv
Muntchenesi, Aaliz filia Agnetis
Muntchenesy, Agnes de, filia
Pagani filii Johannis,
xxxviii, xlij xlv, xlviij,
38, 50, 51, 54, 58
, duo filii mili tes,
, filia ejus, uxor
Stephani de GlainuiH', 50
, filia ejus, uxor
Willelmi Painel, 50
Montchensy, Denise de, wife of
Hugh de Vere, 58n
Montchensy, Hubert de, xliv, 6in.
Monte Canesi, Hubertus (i) de,
[of Edwardstone], xlv
Muntchenesy', Hubertus (n) de,
[of Edwardstone]. xliv,
Muntchenesy, Hubertus filius
Agnetis de, clericus, xlv,
Muntchenesy, Hubertus Blundus
nepos Huberti de, xlv, 63,
Muntchenesy, Radulfus filius
Agnetis de, xxvii, xxxn.,
xlij xlv, 50, 51
Muntchenesy, Sarra de, 63
Muntchenesi, Stephanus de, [of
um held of his fee, in Surf.,
xliv, 61, 6in.
Monte Canesi, Warin (i) de, xliv,
Montchensy, Warine (n) de, xlv,
Muntchenesy, Willelmus filius
Agnetis de, 50, 51
Monte, Gilebertus (i) de, 29, 2911.
, *** heres et filius Gileberti
, sorores, 29
, Gilebert (n) de, 29n.
, Humfrey son of Gilbert de,
, , , Philip brother of Gilbert de,
Monte Sanctae Trinitatis, monachi
Montebourg Abbey, *i2n.
Montfiquet, Forest of, 85n.
Morcott (Morcote), Rutl., 45
Morel, John, 42n.
Morelli, *** filius Petri, 42
, Claricia uxor Petri, 42
Morewich, Hugo de, xxvii, xxxij, 5,
,10, 65, 80
Morinus, Radulfus, xxxi, 27, 29
Morton, near Bourne, Lines, n
Moulsoe (Muleshoe), Bucks, xxxiv,
, church of, 4in.
(Muleshoe) hundred, Bucks,
Moulton, Northants, 23n.
Mount Bures, vide Bures, Mount
Muleshoe, vide Moulsoe
Munden, Henry de, 6n.
Mundeuill', al. Mundauill', Agnes de,
filia Roberti Gresley, 47, 55
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
MundeuilT, Agnes de, continued
,, ,, , Teodbaldus
Hautein, al. Hautin, her
husband, 47, 55
, filii, 47, 55
Muntbegun, vide Montbegon
Muntchenesy, vide Montchensy
Muntfichet, Gilebertus films Mar-
garetae de, 85
, feodum ejus, 83
, Margareta de, filia Gile-
berti filii Ricardi de Clara,
xxxix, 85, 86
, filius et infantes,
, William de, 85
Murdac, Radulfus, xxvij, 18, 19,
ign., 65, 67
, Aliz, uxor Jo-
hannis de Eincurt, soror
, Oliverus de Ein-
curt, nepos ejus, 18, 19
Muriel de Langetot, uxor Alani de
Dunstanville, 41, 4in.
Ness (Nesse) wapentake, Lines, 20
Nevill Nouill, etc.;
Neuill', *** filiae Mathei de, i, 2
Neuill', *** filia Thomae de, 17
Nouill', *** neptis Galfridi de,
Nevill, Alexander, son of Walter
Nevill, Joan de Cornhill, wife of
Hugh de, 73n.
Nevill, Mathew de, 2n.
Nevill', Thomas de, i8n.
Nevill', Walterus de, xxxv
, feodum ejus, 7
Newentone, vide Newton, Wood
Newington, South (Newnton), Oxon,
Newington Longville Priory, Bucks,
Newnton, vide Newington, South
Newton, Wood (Newentone), Nort-
Nicholaa de Haya, wife of Gerard
de Camville, i2n.
Nocton, Lines, 2, 3n.
,, Priory, 3n.
Noers, Hugh de, 38n.
Noers (Nodariis), Joan de, 38n.
Noers, Willelmus filius Willelmi filii
Hugonis de, 38
, uxor ejus, filia
Henrici de Pinkeni, 38
, fief of the Albini, al. d'Au-
bigny family in, xli, xlii,
xliv xlvi, xlviii, 50, 5iix.
, farm, etc., of lastage in,
etc., 52, 52n.
, vicecomes, Wimer, xxiv,
Norhamt', vide Northampton
Norhamtona, Emma de, 23n.
Norstowe, vide Stowe, North
Northampton (Norhamt'), xxij, 22
, assize of, xviij
, firma de Nor-
,, ,, , campi de Nor-
hamt', 22, 22n.
, infirmi Sancti
oriental em, extra portam
de Nort, 22, 22n.
, pratum de Chin-
geshale, 22, 22n.
, redditus infra
burgum et extra, 22
,, , Swinewelle Strete,
,, ,, , domus in, 23
, dos in, 23, 32,
[Northampton], Maria de Traili,
cognata Comitis Simonis
, Alice de St Liz,
Countess of, 9n.
, xxx libra tae terras
,, , sheriffs, Thomas Fitz
Bernard, 29, 2gn,
,, ,, , Ralf Morin, 2gn.
Northill (Northgile), Beds, 31
Norton hundred, Northants, 28
Norton, Green's, Northants, 28n.
Norwicensis episcopus, feodum, etc.,
Notingham, Honor de, vide Peverel
Nuneaton Priory, Warw., 28n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Occold (Akholt), Sufi., xlvii, 61
Odsey (Hodeschae) hundred, Herts,
Oiri, Family of, 45, 4611.
,, , al. Orri, Alicia filia Waleranni
de, 25, 45, 58
Ongar, Honour of, y6n.
Ongar (Angre) hundred, Essex, 75
Ongar, Chipping, Essex, y6n.
Osbertus serviens, 21
Oseney Abbey, Oxon, xlij, xlviii
Ossint', Hereveus de, vide Horsint'
Ostili, Durandus de, 87
,, , uxor ejus, filia (sic)
Agnetis de Valuines, 87
Ostriciarius Regis, Willelmus films
Otham Abbey, Kent, 7on.
Ovenhill, Kent, 72n.
Ovington, Essex, 73n.
Oxburgh ( ?), Norf., 5 in.
Oxfordshire (Oxeneford'sire), 22
Oxnead (Hornedes), Norf., xlvi,
Padbury (Padeberia), Bucks, 44
Padworth, Berks, 4in.
Painel, vide Paynel
Papworth (Papewurthe), Cambs, 83
, duae sorores in, 83
, hundred, Cambs,
Parisius archidiaconus, 71, 72n.
, neptis ejus, 71,
Paynel Painel Pounel, etc.;
Paynel of Drax, Family of, 2in.
Paynel of West Rasen, Family of,
Painel', Fulco, 20, 2 in.
Pounel, [Hugo] filius Petri, 6, 7n.
Pounel, *** uxor Petri, 6
Paynel, Peter, xxi, 6n., 7n.
Painel', Willelmus (i), xx, xxvii,
Painel', Willelmus (n) filius Ful-
conis, xxvii, 20, 2 in.
, Eleanor de Vitre",
his wife, 2 in.
, heres ejus, 20, 21
,, , Willelmus (in), 50
,, uxor ejus, filia
Agnetis de Muntchenesy,
his wife, xlviii.
Pecche, Gaufridus, 54
,, his wife, 54, 54n.
, al. Peccatus, Hamo, 54n,
,, ,, , Alice Peverel, his
wife, 54n., 86n.
, Matillis filia Hamonis, 85,
, infantes de tribus
mantis, 85, 86n.
, heres ejus, Radul-
fus de Rouecestr', 85
Peitur, al. Pettour, Rolandus le,
Peleuill', *** filius Petri de, 52, 53
, " leprosus," 53
, Petrus de, 52, 53
, uxor ejus, 52, 53
,, , filii et filiae, 52,
Pembroke, Earls of, vide Clare
Perci, Willelmus de, feodum ejus,
Persona de Timberlanda, 19
Peverel, Alice, wife of Hamo Pecche,
, William, of Bourne, I5n.
, William, of Higham, fee of,
Peverel, of Dover, Honour of, 32n.
, of London, Honour of, 57n.,
6on., 6in., 69n., 72n., 75n.,
78, 78n., 79, 81, 8in.
, liability of ten-
ants of, xxvi
, of Nottingham, Honor of,
28, 28n., 38n., Son.
, liability of ten-
ants, of, xxvi
,, , serviens Domini
Regis de honore de Noting -
Philippus, persona de Timberlanda,
Picot, Family of, 7 in. 73n.
Picot, vicecomes, 83n., 86n.
Picot, Albricus [filius Henrici],
xxiv, 83, 83n. ( 84, 86n.
,, ,, , uxor ejus, Mabilia
neptis Rannulfi de Glanuill,
, filii et filiae, 83
Picot, Ewgenia, filia Radulfi
Picot de Kancia, xxxvii,
55. 7?n., 87
Picot, Henry, 83^, 84n., 86n.
Picot, Lauretta filia Eustacii,
Picot, Petrus, 72, 72n.
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Picot, Peter, 8in.
Picot, al. Pikot, Radulfus, yin.,
, heres Picoti de
Tany, 87, 8711.
Picot, Ralf, sheriff of Kent, 8711.
Picot, Robertus filius Albrici,
8311., 84, 86
Pikot, Robert, 6on.
Picotts manors, Essex, 7in., 72n.
Pictesleia, vide Pytchley
Pikardi, Gilebertus filius Walteri, 59
Pincerna, Hugo, 73n.
, Rualdus, feodum ejus, 67
Pinel, *** uxor Rogeri, 37
,, , Basilia uxor David fratris
, filius et filia, 37
,, , Warin, 37n.
Pinkeni, Gilbert de, 38n.
,, , Henricus de, xxiv, 38
, filia ejus, uxor
Willelmi de Nuers, 38
Pinkennia, Willelmus de, 10
Pipard, Ralph, 42 n.
Pipart, Gilebertus, 37, 42
Plugenet Plugenoi, Hugo de, 29,
, Alan his son, 2gn.
,, ,, , *** de Monte,
nepos ejus, 29
Poher, Robertus le, vide Le Poher
Poitou, William of, 5on.
Porters Hall manor, Essex, 72 n.
Pounel, vide Paynel
Poyle in Stanwell, Midd., 88n.
Pratum de Widdenesse, 10
Prepositus, Gaufridus, 68
, Rogerus, 80
villae Sancti Botulfi,
Presbiter, Willelmus, 68
Pretor, Alic', 8
Pulla, vide Poyle
Pytchley (Pictesleia), Northants,
Quy (Cueya, Coeia, Eveya), Cambs,
Ramis, Ricardus de, vide Reimes
Rasen, West, (Westrase), Lines, xxi,
, advowson of, 6n.
Ratdene, *** filia Jordani de, 37
Rayleigh, Honour of, 6on., 82n.
Rayne, Essex, 53n.
,, , Little (Reimes, Reines),
Essex, 7in., 72n.
Redbourne (Redburn'j, Lines, 20
church of, xxxv
, barony of Crevequer of,
xxxiv, xxxv, 7, 1 8, 20
Redefeld' hundred, Cambs, 87
Reduers, de parentela Comitis de,
Reed (Ruch), Herts, 77n.
Reimes, Reines, vide Rayne, Little
Reimes, al. Ramis, Ricardus de,
, feodum ejus, 72,
, Rogerus de, [Leonia] uxor
Roberti de Stuteuill', de
progenie ejus, 69, 7on.
, Aliz de Tany, de
progenie ejus, 71, 7in., 72,
Reinbuedcurt, Guy de, 26n.
Reiner, senescallus Ranulfi de Glam-
uill', 5, 5n., 6, 7n.
Reinham, vide Reynham, Little
Rendlesham, SufL, 62n.
Reynham, Little (Reinham), Norf.,
Riblemunt, Matillis filia Roberti de,
, Cantuariensis archiepis-
copus, 68, 6gn.
, prepositus villae Sancti
Richeut, Domina, 43n.
Richemunt, [Margareta] Comitissa
de, soror Regis Scottorum,
4, 5n., 6, 7n.
, Conan Earl of
Richmond, and Count of
Brittany, her husband, 5n
, Humfridus de
Buun', al. Buhun, her
husband, 62, 84
, filius et filia, 62, 84
, vide Margareta
Richmond, Honour of, 5n.
Rickling (Rikling'), Essex, 76
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Ridel, al. Basset, Galfridus, xxxvi,
24, 25, 28
, Sibilla Mauduit,
uxor ejus, 24, 25, 28
, vide Basset
[Rigesbi], *** uxor Hereberti filii
Gileberti [de], 10, un.
, pueri, 10
Rigesbi, [Gilebertus] filius Hereberti
filii Gileberti de, 8, 8n.
, mater ejus, 10,
Riggesby, Thomas de, 8n.
Rigsby (Rigesbi, Risebi), Lines, 8,
Rimilda vidua, 68
Ripariis, Margaret de, 2811.
Risbridge hundred, Suff., 59
Riscint', vide Ruskington
Risebi, vide Rigsby
Rivenhall (Riwehale), Essex, ygn.
Roade (Roddes), Northants, 26
, Maun tells manor
Roberti camerarii, *** uxor, 82, 82n.
camerarii, Gaufridus filius,
Rochford (Rocheford'), Essex, xxj,
xxxj, xxxij, xlv, 74
[hundred], Essex, 73
Rocheford, *** uxor Guidonis (i) de.
, remarriage of, 75,
, Gwido de (i), xxi, xxxij,
xlv, 74, 74n.
, Guido (n) filius Guidonis
de, xlv, 75, 75n.
, Johannes filius Guidonis
(i) de, xxxij, 55n., 73, 74
, frater et soror,
, Maud, daughter
of Thomas Fitz Bernard,
his wife, xxxvij, xlii, 55n.
Rochester, Paris archdeacon of, 71,
Roddes, vide Roade
Roesia de Aubervill', 44
Roeis de Bussei, al. Bussey, filia
Baldewini filii Gileberti,
, Baldwin Buelot
her second husband, I2n.
Roese de Harcourt, wife of Robert
de Ros, 28n.
[Roese], filia Willelmi Trussebut,
uxor Euerardi de Ros, i
Rogerus prepositus, 80
Rolles, Willelmus de, 12
Rolles, [Matillis] de La Haia, uxor
Willelmi de, 12
Ros, Robert de, 28n.
,, , Roese de Harcourt, his wife,
,, , [Roese] uxor Euerardi de, i
, filii. i
,, , Willelmus de, 84
, Matildis filia Ricardi
de Kaunuill', uxor ejus, 84
, filii et filise, 84
Roteland', vide Rutland
Rotomago, Robertus de, 37
Rouecestria, Baldwin de, 86n.
, Matillis Pecche,
his wife, 85, 86n.
, Eustace de, 66n.
,, , Radulfus de, heres
Matillidis Pecche, 85, 86n.
Rouen, Monks of Mont St. Catherine
(Mons Sanctae Trinitatis)
at, 75, 75n.
Roumare, William de, un.
Rowston, Lines, I4n.
Roxton (Cokesdune), Beds, xxiij,
Rualdus pincerna, feodum ejus, 67
Ruch, vide Reed
Ruelaue hundred, Bucks, 36
Rufus, al. Ruffus, Ricardus, xxviij,
xxx, 46, 49, 50
Ruilia, Cristiana de, 81
, filius, 81
Runcton, North (Runget'), Norf., 53
Runget', vide Runcton, North
Ruskington (Riscint'), Lines, 13,
Rutland (Roteland'), 45
, sheriff, William
Rye, Barony of, 45n.
,, , Hubert de, 25n.,
Sahara Tony (Suham), Norf., 46n.,
,, soke of, 50
,, ,, , annual farm and
receipts from, etc., xxviij
Sainliz, Maud de, vide Seinliz
St. Andrew, Family of, 27n.
St. Liz, Alice de, Countess of North-
St. Neots Priory, Hunts, 63n.
Saiton', Beatricia de, xxvij, 53
, filii et filia, xxvij,
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Salceio Salceto, vide Saucei
Salesburia, Edwardus de, 69
, [Leonia] uxor
Robert! de Stuteuill', de
parentela ejus, 69, yon.
Saling (Salinges), Essex, 7211., 7311.,
Salveyn al. Salvin, Family of, 1311.
Sancta EthelSreda, vide Eliensis
Sancti Albani, monachi, 67
Sancti Leonard!, infirmi, 22
Sane to Claro, Clemencia uxor Hu-
berti de, 47, 66
daughter, 47n, 66n.
, Hubert, her hus-
band, 47n., 7on.
Sancto Dionisio, al. Dinosio, Roge-
rus de, 54
, [Sarra] uxor ejus,
neptis Ricardi de Coleka,
Sancto Johanne, *** de Monte
nepos Johannis de, 29
Sancto Johanne, Thomas de, 37
, *** de Monte
nepos ejus, 29
Sancto Paulo, Robertus de, 22, 23
, Emma Tiart uxor
ejus, 22, 23
Sanctus Botulfus, vide Boston
Sapercot', Willelmus de, 21
Sara, wife of Hanelad de Bidun, xlii
Sara [de Bidun ?], wife of William
Sara de Chesney, wife of Richard
[Sarra], neptis Ricardi de Coleka,
uxor Rogeri de Dinosio,
Sathampton, vide Gethampton
Saucei, al. Sawcia Salceio Salceto
Robertus de, xxvin., 26,
Saukeuill', Gaufridus de, 70, 7on.
Sauqueville, Jordan de, 7on.
, Ela daughter of
Ralph de Dene, his wife,
Sauqueville, in Normandy, 7on.
Sawcia, vide Saucei
Say, Beatricia de, xxxviij, 76
, William (i) de Say,
her husband, 76n.
,, , Willelmus (n) de, xxviij, xxx
,, duae nliae, 46, 49, 50
,, , division of inheri-
Scales, Family of, 86n.
Scarborough, Yorks, John de Builli,
constable of, i2n.
Schirebech, vide Skirbeck
Schirinton' Serintone, Willelmus
de, 42, 42n.
, Ida de Bulli, uxor
, filii et nliae, 42
Scirintone, Richard de, 42n.
Scotcia, Hugo de, 48
, Cecilia de Buutorp,
his wife, 48
Scottorum Scotorum Scottie,
[Willelmus] Rex, 4, 5n., 6,
, Margareta Comi-
tissa his sister, 4, 5n., 6,
7n., 62, 84
Sculton Burdeleys (Sculeton'), Norf.
Seaton (Seiton'), Rutl., 45
Seggel' hundred, Bucks, 38
Seinliz, Matillis de, filia Roberti
filii Ricardi [de Clare],
xxxviij, i, 63
, vide Albeneio
Selby (Selebi) Abbey, Yorks, xxxv,
abbots, Benedict, 26n.
,, ,, , Gilbert de Vere, 26n.
Selvein Silvanus ;
Selvein, Osbert, I3n.
Silvanus, Ralf, i3n.
Seluein, Robertus . films Osberti,
Sempringham, brethren of (fratres
de Simplingham), Lines,
Senesfeld', vide Shenfield
Septvans, vide Setvans
Serintone, vide Schirinton'
Serviens, Osbertus, 21
Servientes vicecomitis, 20
Setvans, Robertus films Roberti de,
Sexeleia, vide Sixhills
Shalbourne, Berks, 4on.
Sharpenhoe, Beds, 33n.
Shenfield (Senesfeld'), Essex, 69
Sherrington, Bucks, 42n.
Sherwood Forest, Notts, i4n.
Shilton, Earl, church of, Leic., xli
Shropshire, Guy L'Estrange, sheriff
Sibilla de Harleton', filia Rogeri de
Gigney, xxxix, xli, 85
Sibilla uxor Galfridi Ridel, al. Bas-
set, soror Willelmi Mau-
duit, 24, 25, 28
Siflewast', Robertus de, 67
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Silk Willoughby, vide Willoughby,
Silvanus, vide Selvein
Simon Comes, 31
, vide Northampton
Simplingham, vide Sempringham
Singleborough (Singelberge), Bucks,
Sinterbi, vide Snitterby
Sixhills (Sexeleia), Lines, xxxi, 4n.,
Skirbeck (Schirebech) wapentake,
Sleaford (La Forde) Castle, Lines,
Snitterby (Sinterbi), Lines, 17, i8n.
Snuterleia, vide Blakeney
Somerset, prices of stock in, xxxiij
Somershale, vide Roade
South Newington, vide Newington,
Spech, Willelmus, 3in. bis
Spelhoe hundred, Northants, 24
Springfield (Spring ef eld'), Essex,
Essex, 8 1
Staine hundred (Alid' Hundredum),
Stallingborough (Staliburg'), Lines,
xxvi, 1 6
, custodes, 1 6
Stambourne, Essex, 8m.
Stanes hundred, Bucks, 38
Stanford', Willelmus de, xxiv, 26
, *** filia ejus, 26
Stanford on Avon, Northants, 26
, quidam puer in,
Stanford Rivers (Stanford'), Essex,
xxxi, 75, 76
Stanton, Cambs, 83n.
Stanton, Gumerus de, duae sorores
de progenie ejus, 83
Stanway, Essex, 7on.
Stanwell (Stamwell'), Midd., 88
Starlyng ( ?), 65n.
Staverton, Surf., xliv, 64, 65n.
Stebbing, Essex, 72n.
Stebbing, John de, 72n.
Stelbing', Avicia uxor Nicolai de, 72
, filii, 72
Stephani forestarii, filiae, 35
Stephen, King, 76n.
Stisted (Stiestede), Essex, xx, 71,
Stixwold Priory, Lines, 7n.
Stoke (Stokes) hundred, Bucks, 35
Stoke (Stokes) hundred, Northants,
Stoke Hamond (Stokes), Bucks, 39
Stow Bedon (Stowe), Norf., xxxi,
xxxvij, xli, 55
Stowe, North (Norstowe) hundred,
Stratford (Straford'), Essex, 69
Stratford Langthorne Abbey, Essex,
8 5 n.
Stratford St. Mary (Stretford'),Suff.,
Straton', Northants, 25
Streatley, Beds, 33n.
Stretford', vide Stratford St. Mary
Strixton ? (Frixton'), Northants, 28
Stroxton (Stroweston'), Lines, i
Stura, Willelmus de, 68
Sturmer, Essex, 82n.
[Stutevill', alJ] Stoteville, Henricus
Stuteuill', [Leonia] uxor Roberti de,
, films et filiae, 70
, de parentela Ed-
wardi de Salesburia, 69
, de progenie Ro-
geri de Reimes, 69
Stuteuill', Robertus de, 2, 7on.
Stuteville, William son of Robert
de, xxivn., 7on.
, Berta de Glan-
ville, his wife, xxivn.
Sucheleseia, vide Kelsey, South
Sudburc, Gervasius, de, 26
Sudsex', Comes, feodum ejus, 50,
,, , vide Albeneio
Sudwic, Johannes de, 24
Suffolk (Sudfolk), 59
farm, etc., of lastage in, 52,
,, , vicecomes, 64, 65
, Walkelinus archidiaconus,
Suham, vide Sahara
Suriue, Petrus films Roberti de, 31,
Surive, Robert de, 32n.
Sutton, Norf., 54
Sutton hundred (duo hundreda de
Sutton'), Northants, 29
Sutton Basset (Sutton'), Northants,
Swarf ham Bulbeck (Swafham),
Swanscombe, Barony of, 38n.
Swaton (Swauueton'), Lines, 12
Swineshead (Swineshaued), Lines, 4
Swinewelle Strete, vide Northamp-
Swinhop (Swinope), Lines, 17
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Swinope, Helewis de, uxor Simonis
de Canci, 17
Tailard' de Merlawe, Basilia filia
Talun, Willelmus, 4
Tancarville, Lucy de, I2n.
Tanford', vide Thenford
Tany, al. Tani, Alizia de, 71, 72
, de progenie Roger!
de Reimes, 71
, uxor Picoti de Tani,
, filii et filiae, 71, 72
Tani, Graeland de, 87n.
Tany, Petrus f rater Picoti de, 87
Tani, al. Tany, Picotde, 7in., 72, 87
Tany, [Radulfus] heres Picoti de,
, as Radulfus Picot,
al. Pikot, 7in., 72n.
, cf. Picot
Tateshale, Robertus films Hugonis
de, al. Robertus films
Hugonis, 5, 5n., 9, gn., n,
, Elizabeth, uxor
ejus, 5, 9, ii
,, decem pueri, 9
Tateshall, Joan de, 49n.
Tattershall, Family of, pedigree, 9n.
Taverham hundred, Norf., 47
Tedwest', ?, Suff., 65n.
Templars (Templi fratres), 19
Temple Dinsely, vide Dinsley, Tern-
Tendring hundred, Essex, 71
Tey (Theia), Essex, 82
Thenford (Tanford'), Northants, 30
Thetford Priory, Norf., xlviii
Thompson (Tumested'), Norf., xlvij,
,, ,, , church of, xlij
Thorindun', vide Horndon
Thorindun', heres de, Son., 82, 82n.
, fratres et sorores
Thorinton, vide Thornton le Moor
Thornborough (Tunebrige), Bucks,
Thornton Abbey (canonici de Tur-
net'), Lines, 5, 6n.
Thornton le moor (Thorinton),
Thriplow (Trapelawe) hundred,
Thurgarton Priory (canonici de
Turgarton'), Notts, 19
Thurstable (Tursf) hundred, Essex,
Tiard, Robertus films Henrici filii,
Tiart, Emma filia Henrici, 22, 23
[Tiart], Engelramus filius Henrici,
, ecclesia, 19
,, , Philippuspersona,i9
Tolleshunt Tregoz (Toleshunt),
Tony Toeni Thoeni ;
Tony, Ade de, filia Roberti de
, filius et filiae, 51
Tony, Baldewinus filius Ade de, 51
, *** Bardolf, his
Tony, Margareta de, 77
, uxor Radulfi (i)
de Toeni, al. Thoeni, 77n.
Toeni, Ralf (n) son of Roger de,
Tony, al. Thoeni, Rogerus de,
feodum ejus, 51
, son of Ralf (i) de
Torindune, vide Horndon, East, ?
Torpel, Family of, I5n.
Traili, Maria uxor Gaufridi de, 31
, filius et filiae, 31
,, , Walterus filius Gaufridi de,
Trailli, Geoffrey de, 3 in.
Trapelawe, vide Thriplow
Tregoz, William (i) de, 78n.
Tresgoz, Gaufridus de, 57, 57n., 78,
, filius et filiae, 78
, Willelmus (n), al. Simon
(sic), filius Gaufridi de, 57,
, *** filia Roberti
de Luci uxor ejus, xxiv, 78
Trusbut, Robert, of Warter, Yorks,
Trussebut, [Roese] filia Willelmi,
uxor Euerardi de Ros, i
, vide Ros
, Willelmus, i, 28n.
, Albreia de Harwe-
curt uxor ejus, in., 27, 28n.
, filii, 27
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Tumested', vide Thompson
Tunebrige, vide Thornborough
Tunstal, Isle of, in Redbourne,
Tunstead (Tunstede), Nor!., 48
Turgarton', vide Thurgarton Priory
Turnet', vide Thornton Abbey
Turs, Galfridus de, 10, un.
ti , *** vidua ejus, que
fuit uxor Hereberti filii
Gileberti, 10, un.
, pueri, 10
Turst', vide Thurstable
Ugley, Essex, yyn.
Upton, Northants, 22
Uttlesford, East (Estudeleford'j
hundred, Essex, 76
Valeignes, al. Valuines, Agnes de,
xxxviij, 67, 77
, soror Pagani filii
, Roger de Valognes
her husband, xxxviij, 67n.
, filia (sic) et heres,
data Durando de Ostili, 87
Valognes, Peter de, xxxviij
, Robert de, xxxviij
Valuines, Henricus de, 80
Vauassur, Le, al. Vavassor, Willel-
mus, xx, xxvij, 3, 20, 21,
Veile, La, vide La Veile
Venator, Alcherus, al. Aucherus,
, his sons, 78, 8in.
Vere of Drayton, genealogy of, 26n.
[Vere], Alicia de Essex, soror Comi-
tis Albrici [de], 29, 3on.,
76, 77, 77n.
Vere, Aubrey (i) de, 71, 84n.
Vere, Aubrey (n) de, camerarius,
, Alice of Essex his
daughter, 7 7 n.
, Roese de Mande-
ville his daughter, 77n.
[Vere], Comes Albricus (in) [de],
34, 77 n., 8 4 n.
[Vere], Comes Albricus (in) [de],
feodum ejus, 71
, Alicia de Essex
soror ejus, 29
, Juliana Comitissa.
soror ejus, 71
, Isabella de Bolebec,
his ward, xl, 34, 40, 86
Ver, Albericus (iv) de, films Alberici
(in) Comitis, xl, xli
, Isabel filia Walteri
de Bolebec, uxor ejus, xl,
xli, 34, 40, 86
Vere, Gilbert de, abbot of Selby,
Ver, Gilebertus de, 59
Vere, Guy de, of Bottesford, 7n.
Vere, Hugh de, Earl of Oxford, xl,
Vere, Hugh de, 54n., 58n.
, Denise de Mont-
chensy his wife, 54n., 58n.
[Vere], Juliana Comitissa, soror
Comitis Albrici [de], 71
, Hugh Bigod her
, Walchelin Maminot
her husband, 7in.
[Vere], Robertus filius Albrici [de],
Vere, Robert de, Earl of Oxford, xl,
, Isabel daughter of
Hugh de Bolebec, his wife,
Ver, Simon son of Walter de, 7n.
Ver, Walter son of Guy de, 7n.
Vernon, Castle and Honour of, I2n.
Vernun, Matillis filia Willelmi de,
uxor Ricardi de La Haia,
husbands, 12, I2n.
, Ricardus filius Willelmi de,
, Willelmus de, 12, i2n.
,, ,, , Lucy de Tancar-
ville, his wife, i2n.
Vesci, *** mater heredis Willelmi
,, , [Eustacius] heres Willelmi
de, 9, Son.
Willelmus de, xxi, xxvij,
xxxiij, ion., 80
Vetula, vide La Veile
Vipont, Idoine, wife of Robert de,
Vis de Luw, Matildis, filia Johannis
de Bidune, xlij, 43, 44
, filius, 44
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Visdelu, Walkelin, xliij
Vitre, Eleanor de, afterwards Coun-
tess of Salisbury, 2 in.
Waddesdon, Bucks, xxix
Waddington (Wadinf), Lines, 15
Wake, Family of, nn.
Wak' Wac, Hugh (i), nn.
, Emma, his wife,
, Baldwin, his son,
Wak', Hugo (n), ii, 45
, [Matildis] de Bus-
sei, uxor ejus, n, nn.,
Wakering, Essex, 82
Waldegrave, Nor than ts, 23n.
Walint', vide Walling ton
Walintone, vide Watlington
Walkelinus archidiaconus, 60
Wallia, exercitus in, 59
Wallingford, Honour of, xli, 35n.,
36n., 3yn., 4in., 42n.,
, liability of ten-
ants of, xxvix
Wallingford Priory, Berks, 44n.
Wallington (Walingf), Herts, 67
Walsham le Willows (Walesham),
SufE., xxxi, 63, 64
Walteriviir, vide Waterville
Waltham, Essex, ySn., 8in.
hundred, Essex, 78
Waltham, Turstinus [films AlcheriJ
de, 78n., 8in.
, uxor ejus, 78
, filii et filiae, 78
Wanbrige. vide Fambridge
Wanlington', Willelmus de, 67
Warden, Honour of, nn.
Warenn', de progenie Comitis, 39
Warenn', Willelmus de, feodum
,, , *** his widow, wife of
Baldwin de Bures, 79n.
, Eustace de Ho, his
Wascoils manor, Suff., 6in.
Waterbeach (Beche), Cambs, 84,
Water Eaton, vide Eaton, Water
Waterville Walterivill', etc.;
Waterville, Emma, widow of Guy
Waterville, Geoffrey de, I5n.
,, ,, , Asceline Peve-
rel, his wife, i5n.
, daughters, I5n.
Waterville, Guy de, 25n.
Walterivill', Matillis filia Gaufredi
de, uxor Willelmi de Diua,
Wateruill', Robertus de, 25
Watlington (Walintone) church,
Oxon, xlij, xlviij
Welbeck (Wellebech), abbot of, 20
Welcumestowe, vide Walthamstow
Weldon, Northants, 25n.
Weleburn, Agnes filia Colgrim de, 12
Well', Robertus de, 53
Welle, [Elizabeth] filia Willelmi filii
Walteri de, 5, 5n., 9, 9n.,
Welle, Willelmus filius Walteri de,
, feodum ejus, 11
Welles, Family of, pedigree, gn.
Wells (Welle), Lines, gn.
Wensley, Yorks, 46n.
Werefeld', vide Wethersfield
Werle, vide Wetherley
Wermegai, vide Wormegay
Westhorpe ?, SufE., 6 in.
Westleton (Westleston'), Suff., 64
Weston, Herts, 66, 66n.
Weston by Welland .(Weston'),
Northants, 24, 25
Westrase, vide Rasen, West
Westwich ( ?), 65n.
Wetherley (Werle) hundred, Cambs,
Wethersfield (Werefeld'), Essex, 73
Whitchurch (Hwitchirche), Bucks,
xxx, 34, 3 4 n.
Whitfield (Hwitefeld'), Northants,
Whittlebury, Northants, 26n.
Wichetoft, Alanus de, 4
Wicken, Northants, 27n.
Wicstanetre, vide Wixamtree
Wicumba, vide Wycombe
Wicumbe, Angotus filius Anketilli
de, 36, 37
,, ,, , Matillis uxor ejus,
, filii et filiae, 36
, Anketil de, 37n.
, Galfridus filius Angod filii
Anketilli de, 37n.
, Robertus filius Angoti
filii Anketilli de, 36, 37
INDEX NOMINUM ET LOCORUM.
Widdenesse, pratum de, Lines, 10
Wido decanus, xviij
Wigborough, Little (Wigeberga),
Essex, xxi, xxxiij, 80
Wike, vide Wyke Hamon
Wilbraham (Wilbugeham), Cambs,
Wilebi, vide Willoughby, Silk
Wilebroc, vide Willybrook
Willelmus, Comes, 29, 30, 31, 74,
, vide Mandevill
Willelmus presbiter, 68
William, brother of Henry II, 75n.
Lungespeye, [? brother of
Henry II], 6on.
Willey hundred, Beds, 32n.
Willisham, Suff., 62n.
Willoughby, Silk (Wilebi), Lines, 13
Willybrook (Wilebroc) hundred,
Wiltshire, record of an eyre in 1194
,, , prices of stock in, xxxiij
Wimedune, vide Wimmington
Wimer vicecomes, xxiv, 48
,, ,, neptis ejus, uxor
Reginaldi de Leiham, 48
Wimmington (Wimedune), Beds,
Windesor', Hawis de, xxxix, 35 bis,
,, ,, , films ejus et
filiae, 35, 88
, Philippus de, 33, 34n.
,, , Willelmus de, senior, 35,
,, ,, , farmer of Berk-
Willelmus de, filius
Willelmi de Windesor'
senioris, 35, 40, 88
Winemersse, Amfrida de, xxxix, 60
, infantes, 60
, vide Wyveres-
Winnibriggs wapentake, Lines, i
Winterborne Basset, Wilts, 8n.
Wircestr', vide Worcestershire
Wirecestre, Radulfus de, 27
Wisset (Wissinf), Suff., 62
Witchingham, Norf., 56n.
Witham, Essex, 78n.
hundred, Essex, 78
Withermarsh, Suff., 6on.
Witleberia, Albricus de, 25
, as Albredus fores-
Witton (Witon'), Norf., 49
Wiuertone, vide Wiveton
Wiuewelle, vide Wywell
Wiveton (Wiuertone), Norf., xxxi,
Wixamtree (Wicstanetre) hundred,
Woburn Abbey, Beds, xl
Wolverton (Wulrinton'), Bucks,
, barony of, xxi, 27n.,
3on., 4on., 44n.
Wood Newton, vide Newton, Wood
Wootton, Lines, 7n.
Wootton church, Northants, xli
Worcestershire, terras in comitatu
de Wircestr', 25
Wormegay (Wermegai), Norf., feo-
dum de, 53
Wratting, Great, Suff., 59n.
Wulrinton', vide Wolverton
Wycombe (Wicumba), Bucks, xxxj,
, feodum Wicumbie, de
Wicumba, 36, 37
Wycombe, Thomas of, 36n.
Wyke Hamon, al. Wyke Dyve
(Wike, Wicha), Northants,
xxi, 26, 27n.
Wymington, Beds, xxiij
Wyveresmerese, Amfridus de, 6on.
, vide Winemersse
Wyverstone ( ?), Suff., 6in.
Wywell (Wiuewelle), Lines, I
Yarborough (Jareburg') wapentake,
Lines, 1 6
Yarmouth, Ralph of, 52n.
,, , vide Gernemue
Ykinlingham, vide Icklingham
York, vide Eboracensis
York, Holy Trinity Priory, 6n.
Yslepe, vide Islip
Ysowda, filia Roberti Comitis de
Ferrariis, uxor Stephani de
Bellocampo, 25, 69
Yxewurth', vide Ixworth
Acrae de guastiva, 65
Amrmatio, manerium amrmatum
pro. xx. 1., per preceptum
Regis, xxxiv, 8
, hida et dimidia care
Ages of widows and children ana-
Agni, 15 et passim
Agriculture compared with Domes-
day, xxxi, etc.
Amita, 29, 30, 76, 77
Anguillae, sticse, xxxiv, 44
Animalia junioria, 75
Anseres, xxxiv, 42
Arcus et sagittae, 59
Arietes, 50, 68, 74
Aula et camera in Leicestresire,
Auxilium, xxv, xxx, 10, 21, 34, 45,
46, 50, 63, 64
,, vicecomitis, xxx, 3, 10
rationabile de militibus,
Avena summae de avena, 5, 8, 40,
45, et passim
Averi Averia, 6, 10, et passim
Baronia, tenet in, xxvi, 16
Baronibus, nati de, xxvi, 16
et militibus, nata de,
Baronies of :
Thomas de Arci,
xxvi, 2, 1 6
Baronies of :
Humfredus de Bu-
,, Walterus de Bole-
bee, xxxix, 86
Simon de Canci, 1 7n.
Crevequer of Red-
bourne, xxxiv, xxxv, 7, 18,
Henricus de Essex,
Radulfus films Step-
Albertus Gresle, 14
,, Picot, 83n., 86n.
Bladi, esceppae, 13
Bladum venditum, venditio
bladi, 14, 19, 21, 64
waignagii unius carrucae, 3
,, , vide Nemus
Bovatae, 7, 16, 17 bis
Boves, 2, et passim
Brasium summae de brasio, 5, 8, 50,
Burgage (" de burgagio," " de
burgo ") holdings, 37
, vide Herciorius
Calcaria deargentata, 3
Cambellanus, 13, i4n.
Camera Regis, I4n.
,, et aula in Leicestresire,
Stephani, 13, i4n.
Sancto Paulo, 22, 23n.
Campi de Bukingham, xxxiv, 44
de Norhamt', xxxiv, 22
Sancti Botulfi, xxxiv, 6
Canestellos facere ad festum Regis,
" Capellum " de pavone, xxxiv, 10
Capones, xxxiv, 42
Carruca, i, 2, et passim
de .iv. bobus, 56
de .vi. bobus, 36, 53, 56,
,, de .vi. bobus et .ij. equis,
,, de .viij. bobus, 8, 20, 35,
46, 55, 58, 61, 63
. arat .iiij. bovatas cum una
carruca, 17, 1 8
,, , bladum waignagii unius
,, , carrucse .ij. de .xvij. bobus
,, , evidence concerning,
compared with Domesday,
Carrucata terrae (or portions of), 5,
16, 17, 22, 26, 60, 67, 78, 84
,, , instaurata de dim[id]ia,
,, , carrucata quam habuit
de purcatio, 68
Carta Regis, 23
Castellum de La Forde, 13
Catalla, 2, 3
Causa vertitur, 75
Cervisiae, tinatae, 29
Children, ages and number of,
Commendata, terra, 18
Consilium et auxilium de hominibus,
Curia villae, 46
Custodia, vide Wardships
Regis, pueri in, xviij, 30,
34, 83, et passim
Custum Regis, 42, 44
Dapiferi Regis ;
,, Gillebertus son of
William Malet, xxxvi,
Darrein presentment, plea of, 6n.
Despensariae serjanteria, 36, 43
Destracta, villa, xxix, 3
Destracti, homines, xxix, 3
Domesday Book, plough teams, etc.,
Dominae et puellae de donatione
Domini Regis, xviij, 30,
34, 83, et passim
, de maritagio
Regis, xxxvi, 58
Domini tres, 53
Dominicum Dominium, 2, 3, 15,
16, 20, 26, 34, 39, 43, 44,
65, 87, etc.
manors held in demesne,
, stock on the
demesne of manors, xxxi
, monachi habent
dominium in vadimonio,
Donatio ecclesiae, 19
Regis, dominae et puellae
de, xviij, xxv, 30, 34, 83, et
Donum hominum, 38
Dos, xxvii, xxxv, et passim
,, , effects of legal dower of
widows, 37, 37n., 43 bis,
,, , releases of rights to dower by
widows, 28, 42n., 43n.
,, et maritagium sunt ultra mare,
,, et maritagium in diversis comi-
Dugdale's Baronage, omissions and
errors of, xix, xxii, xxxiv,
Ecclesia de Hackefleta, 75
de Timberlanda, 19
Equi, xxxij, I, 2, 3, 19, 52-71, et
,, herzorii, 66
, vide Herciorius
Esceppae bladi, 13
Eschaeta Domini Regis, 12,
Walteri Giffard', 53
de Hertford 'sire, 68
Estagium, 52, 52n.
Exactions by Royal officers or
grantees, xxviij, xxx, xxxi,
by Geoffrey Fitz Azo,
,, by Thomas Fitz Ber-
nard, xxx, 29
,, by Ralph Morin, xxxi,
,, by Richard Rufus,
xxviij, 46, 49
"finis cujusdam viduae, "
in Berd en, Essex, xxx, 74
,, , vide auxilium
, vide relevia
Exaltare villam, xxix, 3
Exchequer, The, .xx. s. computan-
tur ad scheccarium Domi-
no Regi, 22. 22n.
, invenit plegios habendi
warantnm suum ad schec-
carium, xxv, 24, 24n.
, Receipt Roll of 1185,
Exercitus in Wallia, 59
Exitus, 4, 32, 37, 53, 57, 59, 64
de Kenebolton et Suham,
xxviij, 46, 50, 5on.
orreorum, 46, 50
Fabae, 4, 5, etc.
Fallians, terra nimium, 68
Famulorum, victus, 58
Fasciculi virgarum, 46
Feminae de donatione Domini Regis,
Feoda Feodum, Tenures as
" Barones " and " Milites,"
, subordination of fiefs of
English thegns to Nor-
, poverty of some fiefs, 18,
, William de Albini
"pincerna," xlii, xlvi
,, Payn Fitz John,
Lands held " de feodo "
,, Willelmus Basset,
,, ,, Simon de Bello-
Feoda Lands held, etc. cont. ;
, Stephanus de Bel-
,, Rogerus Bigot, 61
, Walterus de Bole-
,, Comes Britanniae,
17. 49, 84
, Humfridus de Bu-
hun, xlvi, 47
,, Colswegen, i2n.
Eboracensis, 3, 8, 10
xlv, 74n., 77
,, Willelmus films
Walteri [de Welle], n
,, MI Comes Willelmus
[de Mandevill], 30, 74, 77
,, ,, Stephanus de
,, ,, , Gilebertus de
,, ,, Walterus de Ne-
,, ,, Norwicensis epis-
,, ,, Rualdus pincerna,
,, Ricardus de Ra-
,, Sancta Ethel -
Sreda, 54, 54n.
, Comes Sudsex', 50,
,, Rogerus de Tony,
,, Comes Albricus
[de Vere], 71
, Willelmus deWar-
,, , Wermegai, 53
,, Wicumbia, Wic-
umba, 36, 37
,, Cartae baronum of 1166,
xxiij, xxxiv, xxxix, xlij-
Thomas de Areci tenet de
Domino Rege feoda .xx.
feoda .v. militum de feodo
Willelmi de Perci, 16
,, feodum militis de feodo
Comitis Legrecestr', 16
,, feodum .j. militis de Rege
et feodum .j. militis de
episcopo Eliensi, 86
Feoda Feodum, continued;
,, ,, , feoda mill turn (or
portions of), 10, 16, 23n.,
25, 35, 36> 42, 48, 53, 54,
56, 67, 81, 82, 86, 88, etc.
,, ,, , vide Baronia
, vide Miles
Feria de Holland, yn.
Feudal system, evidence concern-
ing, in 1 2th century, and
rights of the Crown, xxiij.
Festum Regis, 72
Fines, for marriage without Royal
licence, xxv, etc.
,, , antequam homines finem
fecissent, xxviij, 19
,, , recepit de franccis homini-
bus pro fine placitorum, 46
,, , .v.s., pro fine unius molen-
,, , by.widowtore-marryatwill,9
,, , .xx.s.definecujusdamviduae,
,, , .v.s. define cujusdam feminae,
,, , de custodia terrae et filiorum
et de relevio, 81
de Norhamt', 22
( ?) de Kenebolton, xxviij, 46
de Suham, xxviij, 49
of Sixhills expended at Lin-
marisci ad Pascha, 74
, exactions of Royal officers
" preter firmam," xxviij
, ville farmed to men of, 32
, farm increased by " cus-
todes," 48, 57
Forefacta, 46, 65
Fortunae, 52, 63
Francci homines, 46
Francus plegius, 2
Frank almoin, 26n., 8311.
Frumentum, 4, 5
, summae frumenti, 8
Gallinae, 52, 65
Genere illorum de Chedney', de, 40,
,, Joscelini Crispini, de, 40, 41
,, , vide Progenie, de
Gersumae Gersumiae, xxviij, 50,
, fem[inarum], xxviijn., 52
Glebe lands, 75, 75n.
Guastiva, acrae de, 65
Helemosina Regis, 83
Herciorius Hercerius Herzurius
Herzerius, 20, 53, 56, 57,
61, 62, 63, 68, 69, 74, 77,
, Caballus hercerius, 51
, Equi herzorii, 66
Hereditas, 10, 42, 56, 70, 72, 81
Herieta, xxviij, 50
Heritagium, n, 53
Hidae, 32, 36, 37, 38, 42, 43, 67, 74
Hogastri, 29, 30
Homines, destracti, xxix, 3
, francci, 46
, liberi, 3, n, 25, 29, 52
, receipts from a manor
" antequam homines finem
fecissent," xxviij, 19
,, , consilium et auxilium de
, donum hominum, 38
, herieta hominum, 50
, preter firmam dederunt
, receperunt villam ad fir-
Hospitium, tenet pro .i. hospitio per
, habet sustentationem in
Hundred, The, verdict of jurors for,
, vide Jura tores
Hundredum de Angre, 75, 76
Hundred, Short, sheep reckoned by
Infantes, xxxix, 60, 85, etc.
Inquest of Sheriffs, xix, xxv, xxx,
xl, xli, 5n., 5in.
Instauramentum, vide Stock
Juratores, 2, 3, 4, 10, 23, 33, 35, 48,
49. 70, 75. 85
, information for the Ro-
tuli obtained by sworn
verdict of, xix
, terra jurata ad valenciam
, vide Verumdictum
Justices in Eyre, Returns on the
Rotuli made to, xviij, xxxij
, Eyre of Hugo de
Morewich, Radulfus Mur-
dac, Willelmus Vavassor,
Magister Thomas de Hesse-
burn', to whom the returns
were made, in 1185, 65,
, similar returns in
1165 and 1176, xviij
, Eyre in Wilts in
, objectof enquiries,
23, 2 4 n.
, " ostensum jus-
ticiis," 23, 23n.
, orders for stocking
manors, etc., xxi, xxxij, et
,, ,, , lands given in
ward by, 2, etc.
, Ralph Fitz Step-
hen, chamberlain and jus-
tice, 14, 1411.
Juvencse, 4, et passim
duorum annorum, 20
Knighthood, vide Miles
Lana, 8, 27
Lastage, 52, 52n.
Leprosus heres, 53, 66
Libra cumini, 13
Librae piperis, 3, 13, 34, 45
Licentia concordandi, 33n.
Regis, xxiv, xxv, 23, 24
Magna Carta, evidence bearing on
clauses of, on marriage of
wards, etc., xxiij-xxv
, tenures as " Bar-
ones " and " Milites," xxvi
,, ,, , abuses of ward-
ships aimed at by, xxix, etc.
, on stock of wards'
Manors, manorial history, xxiij
,, , valuation and stock of,
xxv, xxvij, etc.
, reasons for stocking, xxxij
,, , plough teams on, compared
with Domesday, xxxi
, sworn valuations, xxxiv
, reversion of, falling to a
, firma marisci, 75n.
ad Pascha, 74
Maritagium, n, 18, 22, 23n., 25, 27,
3L 33. 39n., 45n., 61, 63,
, system of, etc., xxv,
et dos ultra mare, 15
et dotes in diversis
Maritus, 45, 85
Marriages, The King's right to
marriage of male wards
recognized, xxiij, xxiv
of male wards and Magna
, dominae et puellae de
maritagio Regis, xxvi,
, infant marriages, xxv,
xxxvi, xxxvi j
of male wards, 26, 38, 39,
43n., 48, 55, 77, 78
of female wards, n, 16,
29, 38, 45, 46, 49, 54, 55,
72, 77, 78, 86, 87
of widows, xxvi, 3, 4, 14,
23, 27, 32(?), 35, 54, 72,75
of sister and nieces of
Rannulf de Glanville, xxiv
,, , vide Donatio Regis
, vide Wardship
Matrices oves, 29
Miles, films est, heres est miles,
xxv, xxvii, xxx, 24, 28, 33,
50, 51, 77, 83, etc.
,, , in sense of under-tenant,
Miles, rationabile auxilium de
,, , vide Feoda
,, , vide Servitium
Militibus, nata de.. nati de, xxvij,
et baronibus, nata de,
Militis, films cujusdam, 25
Molendina, 17, 20, 24, 37, 69, 80
Monastery, retirement to, 29
Moniales. 23, 31, 35, 38
Mullo feni, 3
Nata de militibus, xxvii, 53
et baronibus, xxvij,
,, in transmarims partibus, 35
Nati de baronibus, xxvi, 16
de militibus, xxvii, 53
Necessaria, 18, etc.
,, quod vocatur La Haie, 46
, vide Boscus
Nundinae de Sancto Botulfo, 6, 7n.
, vide Feria
Open fields, vide Campi
Opera tiones, xxxiv, 18
Opus heredis, ad, 64
,, vicecomitis, ad, 21
Ordeum, 5, etc.
Orreorum exitus, xxviii, 46, 50
Oves, i, et passim
,, , as stock reckoned by the
short hundred, xxxiij
,, , bonae matrices, cum agnis, 29
Parentela Comitis de Meuland', de,
,, Comitis de Reduers, de, 48
Edwardi de Salesburia,
de, 69, 70
Pasce, firma, 74
Pascere unum pauperem, 83
Pascha, firma marisci ad, 74
Patruus, 49, 54, 56
Pavone, " capellum " de, xxxiv, 10
Pedigree of Basset of Headington,
, Bidun, xliij
, Bolebec, xli
, Crevequer of Redbourne,
, Gant, gn.
, Gresle, 4n.
, Mauduit, xxxvi
, Montchensy (of Ed ward -
,, , Montchensy (younger
, Welles and Tattershall,
Pelles venditae, 10
Pensio de ecclesia, 19
Per Regem, xxv, xxvi
Perquisita, 53, 64, etc.
Perquisitiones, 2, 8, 10, 19, etc.
Pilgrimages, 3 in.
Pipe Rolls, entries on, illustrating
the Rotuli, xviij, xix, xxvij,
xxxij, xxxv, et passim
Piphania=Epiphania, xxi, 80
Placea, .xx. s. de, 45
Placita, 4, 8, 10, nn., 23, 24n., 38,
39. 5. 5 2 > 6 5> etc.
,, , of darrein presentment, 6n.
, finis placitorum, 46
Plough teams, vide Carruca
Pomarium Pomerium, xxxiv, 4, 27
Porci, i, et passim
,, juvenes, 10, 51
,, juniores, 20
,, minores, 10
,, unius anni, 10
Portae de Norhamt', 22, 22n.
Pratum, 10, 22, 44
Preceptum Regis, xxv, xxxiv
Progenie Comitis Warenn', de, 39
Gumeri de Stanton, de, 83
Rogeri de Reimes, de, 69,
, vide Genere, de
Puellae, i, 2, 18, 21, 23, 39, 43, 45,
46, 47, 59, 65, 66, 68, 79,
de donatione Domini Regis,
xviij, 30, 34, 83
de maritagio Regis, xxxvi, 58
, puella .1. annorum, 83
Pueri, i, 9, 10, 18, 21, 37, 39, 45, 46,
47. 5i 52, 55. 59. 61, 65,
66, 68, 85
,, , in custodia Domini Regis,
xviij, 30, 34, 83
Quercus, .cc.et.xxij., 46
Racionabile instauramentum, xxxii j
Racionabiles exitus, etc., xxix
Rationabile auxilium, xl
Red Book of the Exchequer, value of
as illustrating the Rotuli,
Redditus, xxvij, et passim
,, assisus, xx, xxviij, 2, 10,
18, 19, 22, 29, 40, 46, 68, 69
de blado, 10
de liberis hominibus, 25
manerii, 34, 53
in nundinis de Sancto
Botulfo, 6, yn.
Relevia, xxviij, 19, 32, 52, 81, 87,
Reragium archiepiscopi Eboracen-
Reversion to a manor, 64
Rotuli de Dominabus, History,
origin and objects of, xvii-
, Returns made to
justices in eyre, xviij, 65
, Similar returns in
1165 and 1177, etc., xviij
, Period of eight
years mentioned, xviii, 2,
15. 23, 29, 36, 45. 52, 57
bis, 59, 63 bis, 64, 65 bis,
,, ,, , compared with
Testa de Nevill, xviij, xix,
, Entries on, illus-
trated by Pipe Rolls, xviij,
Rotuli de Dominabus, Sworn ver
diets of jurors, xix
, Date, proofs, etc.,
xix-xxiij, yn., I3n., 22n.,
35n., 38, 39, 4on., 42n.,
5on., 52n., 65, 69n., etc.
, Value of, for man-
orial and family history,
, Rights of the
Crown to wards and mar-
riages, and Magna Carta,
xxiij -xx vi, xxix
, Comparison with
Inquest of Sheriffs, xxv
, Tenure by barony,
, Profits from ward-
ships, xxvij, etc.
Royal officers, xxviij
, Agricultural eco-
nomy and Domesday, xxxi,
,, ,, , Reasons for stock
taking and stocking
,, ,, , Sworn valuations,
,, ,, , Genealogical en-
tries, xxxiv, et passim
,, , Ages of widows
and children, xxxvij-xxxix
, Numbers of chil-
dren living, xxxix
, Corrupt names of
men and places, xlvi
, Erasures, etc., on,
25 ( ?), 65n., 74n., 75*., 79
,, Errors of scribes,
14, I5n., 48, 49, 49n., 57,
57n., 87, 87n.
,, ,, , Omission in the
text by Grimaldi, 58
Saccus cum brocca, 59
Sale, summae de, 50
Sales of stock, passim
Scheccarium, vide Exchequer
Serjeanty, liabilities of tenure in
chief by, xxvi
, terra de serjanteria
Domini Regis, 49
, conversion of, to knights'
service, 49n., 56n.
Serjeanty, as Coroner, xxvijn.
, in Bucks, as Marshal of
the hawks, 43n.
, in Norfolk, as Keepers of
the King's falcons, 52n.
, in Ardleigh and Saling,
Essex, by Sparrow Hawk
service, 7in., 72n., 73n.,
,, , in Bastwick, Norf., by
Goshawk service, qgn.
, in Boreham, Essex, by
Butlery service, 6on.
,, , in Broughton Poggs,
Oxon, by Falconer service,
,, , in Buckingham, " eundi
inservitio Regis infra Ang-
liarn ad custum suum et
ultra mare ad custum
Domini Regis," 44
,, , in Burton, Bucks, by
Despenser service, 36, 43
, in " Eston," Wilts, etc.,
by Falconer service, 4on.
,, , in Fishley and Witton,
etc., Norf., by Goshawk
service, 49, 54, 56
,, , in Hacconby, etc., Lines,
by Crossbow service, I2n.,
,, , in Hemingstone, Surf., by
service as King's Jester,
, in Iver, Bucks, by Fores-
ter service, 35n.
,, , in Kelby, Lines, by Fal-
coner service, lyn.
, , , in Listen Overhall, Essex,
by Waferer service, 72,
, in Little Missenden,
Bucks, by Napery service,
,, , in South Newington,
Oxon, by Tailor service,
,, , in Ovenhill, Kent, by
horse, etc., service, 72n.
, in Pad worth, Berks, 41 n.
,, , in Papworth, Cambs, by
feeding and clothing two
, in Pytchley, Northants,
by hunting of wolves, etc.,
,, , in Rivenhall, Essex, by
finding a moiety of an
esquire in the host with
doublet, etc., 7gn.
Serjeanty, in Rivenhall, Essex, as
Chamberlain to the Count
of Bologne, 7gn.
, in Sculton Burdeleys,
Norf., by Larderer service,
, in Shalbourne, Berks, by
Falconer service, 4on.
, in Stebbing, Essex, 72n.
, in Whitfield, Northants,
by training a bracket ser-
, in Witton, etc., Norf., by
Goshawk service, 49, 49n.,
, in Great Wratting, Suff.,
by Bow and arrow service
in Wales, 59
Servientes, 21, 26, 58, 68
Servitium, n, 22, 51, 65
to a son for dower, 10
unius militis et dimidii
datum in dote, 25
militis quantum pertinet
ad dimidiam virgatam
militis quantam spectat
ad .j. hidam, 67
per servicium .j. militis
ad custum Regis, 42
, terra debet Regi, 59
, remission of, 51
, vide Ser jean ties
, vide Miles
Sochagium, terra est, 26
Soka Socha, de Hornecastro, 9
de Suham, 50
Sprevarius sorus, 34
Sticae anguillae, xxxiv, 44
Stirca duorum annorum, 20
Stock (Instauramentum), letpassim
,, , compared with Domesday,
xxv, xxviij, xxx j
,, , purchases of, ordered by
justices and recorded on
Pipe Rolls, xxxij, xxxiij,
,, , prices of, xxxiij
,, , custodia terras cum herede
lib era ta sine instaura-
,, , vide Carruca
Subinfeudation, in South Kelsey,
Lines, 5, 5n.
Sues, 6, et passim
Summae de avena, 8, 40, 45, etc.
de brasio, 8, 50
,, f rumen ti, 8
de sale, 50
Superplussagium, 37, etc.
Surnames, no fixed rule as to, xxxvii j
Sustentatio in hospitio, 53
Tauri, 2, et passim
Tenure by barony, xxvi
Terra commendata, 18
,, data, 22n., 2gn.,
est sochagium, 26
jurata ad valentiam .xv.
nimium fallians, 68
Testa de Nevill, value of, as illus-
trating the Rotuli, xviij,
xix, et passim
Tinata cervisiae, 29
Transmarinis partibus, filiae in, 35
,, ,, , puellae in, 2
,, ,, , nata in, 35
Turvae turbarum, 3
Ultra mare, eundi ad custum
Domini Regis, 44
,, , maritagium et dos
Uncles (avunculi, patrui) as guar-
dians, 49, 54, 56
Utensilia minuta, 5
Vaccae, 2, et passim
Vadimonio, dominium in, xxxiv, 19
, blada vendita venditio
bladi, 19, 21, 64
, catalla vendita, 75
, pelles venditae, 10
, porci venditi, 21
, pratum venditum, 16
Verres, 3, et passim
, of Horncastle wap-
, of Broad water hun-
, of Rochford, and
other hundreds, 73-76
, vide Jura tores
Vicecomes, exactions, etc., by, xxx,
2, 3, 5, 6, 12, 18, etc.
,, , accounts for profits of
wardships to Crown, xxvii
,, , auxilium vicecomitis,
3, 10, 21 ?
,, , .xi.s. et .iij.d. ad opus
, servientes vicecomitis,
,, , vicecomes et juratores
testantur, 48, 49
,, , vide Auxilium
Virgatae, 28, 35, 36, 37, 43, 67
Vituli, 4, et passim
unius anni, 20
Voluntas Domini Regis, 28
Wapentake, The, verdict of jurors
Wardship (Custodia), widows and
wards in the Kings gift, i,
,, , marriage of male wards
and Magna Carta, xxiij-
, rights of the Crown, xxv,
, profits from, xxvii
, grants of, to officials, etc.
xxiv, xxvij, 2, et passim
, abuse of prerogative
, abuses aimed at, by
Magna Carta, xxix
, reasons for recording
sums levied from lands of
, exactions by sheriffs, xxx
, stock on lands of wards,
Wardship, heirs in custody of
mothers, 2, 5, 7, 9, 12, 26,
35. 36, 37. 40. 47. 48, 54.
, heir in custody of grand-
Warrantum, xxv, 24
Waste of manors, xxviij, xxxij, 10,
29, 32, 46, 49, etc.
of men, xxix
Widows, viduse et puellae quae sunt
in donatione Domini Regis,
,, , rights of the Crown over,
xviij, xxv, xxvij
Widows, a fine exacted from, in
Berden, xxx, 74
,, , income insufficient for
support of , 1 8, 37, 82
, aids taken from tenants,
by, xxx, 45
, fine to re-marry at will, 9
, re-marriages, xxxviij, 3,
4, 10, 14, 23, 24, 27, 35,
54. 72, 75
,, , ages of, xxv, xxxvij,
W. H. SMITH & SON (THE ARDEN PRESS)
53/5 FETTER LANE, LONDON, E.G.
Pipe Roll Society, London
PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET
UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY