Skip to main content

Full text of "Pirates"

See other formats




701025 1 







With, o Foreword a*d JUA dry D ecora t i ens %y 

C. Lovat Fraser 




i '- NEW YORK 



first American Kdition 
Printed in t>'t United States of America 



> 't 


t II 


' ) 


> t 

Printed in Great Britain by billing and Sons, Ltd., Guildford and Esher. 


Foreword vii 

The Life of Captain Avery 1 

Captain John Rackham, and his Crew 17 

Captain Spriggs, and his Crew 29 

Captain Edward Lowe, and his Crew 37 

Captain George Lowther, and his Crew 51 

Captain Anstis, and his Crew 65 

Captain John Phjllips, and , his, Crew 77 

Captain Teach; 'alias Blackboard 87 

Major Stede Bcuinet,; mvd his Crew 101 

Captain William JCijd. .-. : 117 

Captain Edward* England, and his Crew 135 
Captain John Gow, alias Smith, and his Crew 145 


Captain Avery 
Captain John Rackham 
Captain Edward Lowe 
Captain Teach 
Major Stede Bonnet 
Captain William Kid 
Captain Edward England 
Captain John Gow 


facing page 19 









TIME, though a good Collector, is not 
always a reliable Historian. That is to say, 
that although nothing of interest or impor- 
tance is lost, yet an affair may be occasionally 
invested with a glamour that is not wholly 
its own. I venture to think that Piracy has 
fortuned in this particular. We are apt to 
base our ideas of Piracy on the somewhat 
vague ambitions of our childhood; and I 
suppose, were such a thing possible, the 
consensus of opinion in our nurseries as 
to a future profession in life would place 
Piracy but little below the glittering heights 
of the police force and engine-driving. 
Incapable of forgetting this in more mature 
years, are we not inclined to deck Her (the 



"H" capital, for I speak of an ideal), if not 
in purple and fine linen, at least with a lavish 
display of tinsel and gilt? Nursery lore 
remains with us, whether we would or not, 
for all our lives ; and generations of ourselves, 
as schoolboys and pre-schoolboys, have 
tricked out Piracy in so resplendent a dress 
that she has fairly ousted in our affections, not 
only her sister profession of "High Toby 
and the Road," but every other splendid and 
villainous vocation. Yet Teach, Kid, and 
Avery were as terrible or grim as Duval, 
Turpin, and Sheppard were courtly or whim- 
sical. And the terrible is a more vital 
affair than the whimsical. Is it, then, un- 
natural that, after a lapse of nigh on two 
centuries, we should shake our wise heads 
and allow that which is still nursery within 
us to deplore the loss of those days when 
we ran before a favouring "Trade" the 
very good chance of being robbed, maimed, 
or murdered by Captain Howel Davis or 
Captain Neil Gow? It is as well to re- 
member that the "Captains' in this book 
were seamen whose sole qualifications to the 



title were ready wit, a clear head, and, 
maybe, that certain indefinable " power of 
the eye" that is the birth-right of all true 
leaders. The piratical hero of our child- 
hood is traceable in a great extent to the 
'thrillers," toy plays, and penny theatres 
of our grandfathers. Here our Pirate was, 
as often as not, a noble, dignified, if gloomy 
gentleman, with a leaning to Byronic soli- 
loquy. Though stern in exterior, his heart 
could (and would) melt at the distresses of 
the heroine. Elvira's eyes were certain to 
awaken in his mind the recollection of 
"other eyes as innocent as thine, child." In 
short, he was that most touching of all beings, 
the Hero-cum-Villain. And it was with a sigh 
of relief that we saw him at the eleventh hour, 
having successfully twitted the " Government 
Men' and the Excise (should he have an 
additional penchant for smuggling), safely 
restored to the arms of the long-suffering 
possessor of the other eyes. 

Alas ! this little book mentions no Poll 
of Portsmouth, nor does it favour us with 
a "Yeo, heave, oh!" nor is there so very 



much "cut and thrust" about it. It was 
written in that uninspiring day when Pirates 
were a very real nuisance to such law-abiding 
folk as you and I; but it has the merit of 
being written, if not by a Pirate, at least by 
one who came into actual contact with them. 
I am not at all sure that "merit" is the 
right word to use in this instance, for to be 
a Pirate does not necessarily ensure you 
making a good author. Indeed, it might 
almost be considered as a ban to the fine 
literary technique of an Addison or a 
Temple. It has, however, the virtue of 
being in close touch with some of the hap- 
penings chronicled. Not that our author 
saw above a tithe of what he records had 
he done so he would have been " set a-sun- 
drying' at Execution Dock long before he 
had had the opportunity of putting pen to 
paper; but, as far as posterity was con- 
cerned, he was lucky in his friend William 
Ingram evidently a fellow of good memory 
and a ready tongue "who," as our author 
states in his Preface, "was a Pirate under 
Anstis, Roberts, and many others," and who 


eventually was hanged in good piratical 
company on the llth of June, 1714. 

The actual history of the little book, the 
major part of which is here reprinted, is 
as follows : 

Its full title is " The History and Lives 
of all the most Notorious Pirates and their 
Crews," and the fifth edition, from which 
our text is taken, was printed in 1735. A 
reproduction of the original title-page is given 

As a matter oi fact, the title is misleading. 
How could a book that makes no mention 
of Morgan or Lollonois be a history of all 
the most notorious Pirates? It deals with 
the last few years of the seventeenth century 
and the first quarter of the eighteenth, a 
period that might with justice be called 
"The Decline and Fall of Piracy," for 
after 1730 Piracy became but a mean 
broken-backed affair that bordered peri- 
lously on mere sea-pilfering. 

A little research into the book's history 
shows us that it is consistent throughout, and 
that it is a " piracy," in the publisher's sense 




Of all the mofl Notorious 




From Capt. AVERY, who firft fettled at 

to Captain John GOVJ, and 

Williams; liis Lieutenant, &c. who were hang & 
at Execution Dock, Jnat t ,. 171^, lor Piracy a" d 
Murthcr; and afterwards hang'd in Chains be- 
e-wee n Blackwall and Deptford. And in this d'- 
titn continued down to the prefcnt Ycai I7JS- 
Giving a mote full and true Account than any yc* 
Tublifh'd, of all their Murthers, Piracies, Maroon- 
ings, Places of Refuge, and Ways "f Living. 

tE&e jFiftlj CUition. 

Adorned with Twenty Beautiful CWTS, being th: 
Reprefenratio'.i of each Pirate. 

To which is prefixed, 
<An j4b(lratt of the L*ws againft Piracy. 


Printed f<v A. Bettefworth and C. Hitcb^ at the 
Red Ljon in Patcr.nofler-Row -, R. Ware, st the 
Sun and !?*/(? m Amen-Corner ; and 7- 
ai the Leokiag-glajs on Londan-biuige, 



of the word, of a much larger and more pre- 
tentious work by Captain Charles Johnson, 
entitled, " A General History of the Pyrates 
from their first Rise and Settlement in the 
Island of Providence to the Present Time; 
With the Remarkable Actions and Adven- 
tures of the two Female Pyrates Mary 
Read and Anne Bonny." 

This was published in London, in 8vo., 
by Charles Rivington in 1724. A second 
edition, considerably augmented, was issued 
later in the same year, a third edition in the 
year following, and a fourth edition in 
two volumes, as considerable additions in the 
form of extra "Lives," and an appendix 
necessitated a further volume in 1725. 

This two-volume edition contained the 
history of the following Pirates: Avery, 
Martel, Teach, Bonnet, England, Vane, 
Rackham, Davis, Roberts, Anstis, Morley, 
Lowther, Low, Evans, Phillips, Spriggs, 
Smith, Misson, Bowen, Kid, Tew, Halsey, 
White, Condent, Bellamy, Fly, Howard, 
Lewis, Cornelius, Williams, Burgess, and 
North, together with a short abstract on 



the Statute and Civil Law in relation to 
" Pyracy," and an appendix, completing the 
Lives in the first volume, and correcting 
some mistakes. 

The work evidently enjoyed a great 
vogue, for it was translated into Dutch by 
Robert Hannebo, of Amsterdam, in 1727, 
and issued there, with several "new illus- 
trations," in 12mo. A German version by 
Joachim Meyer was printed at Gosslar in 
the following year, while in France it saw 
the light as an appendix to an edition of 
Esquemeling's "Histoire des Avanturiers," 

But little is known of the author, Captain 
Charles Johnson, excepting that he flour- 
ished from 1724 to 1736, and it is more than 
probable that the name by which we know 
him is an assumed one. It is possible that 
his knowledge of Pirates and Piracy was 
of such a nature to have justified awkward 
investigations on the part of His Majesty's 

There is one thing that we do know for 
certain about him, and that is that the worthy 



Captain's spelling, according to the pirated 
version of his book, was indefinite even for 
his own day. He was one of those inspired 
folk who would be quite capable of spelling 
"schooner" with three variations in as many 
lines. In this edition the spelling has been 
more or less modernized. 

Lastly, it is to be remembered that the 
ships of this period, according to our modern 
ideas, would be the veriest cockle-shells, and 
so that we should know what manner of 
vessel he refers to in these pages, I had 
recourse to a friend of mine whose know- 
ledge of things nautical is extensive enough 
to have gained for him the coveted " Extra 
Master's Certificate," and who was kind 
enough to supply me with the following 
definitions : 


A veiscl rifled a cutter, but with one head-tail only set on 

very short bowsprit. 




Two-masted vessels, fore and aft rigged, sometimes having square topsails on 

the fore-mast. 

A two-masted vessel, square rigged on fore-mast. 

A large vessel rowed by oars and sometimes having auxiliary sail of various rigs. 

Probably a small, fast vessel used as a tender and despatch boat for river work. 


A two-masted vessel with a stay, known as a " Horse," from the main-mast to the 
poop on which the trysail was set. Sometimes a spar was fitted instead of a stay. 
The rig was most likely of a brig (i.e., a two-masted ship, square sails on both 
masts), and the triangular trysail set on the stay in bad weather or when hove to* 

Cu L. P* 




HE was the son of John Avery, a victualler 
near Plymouth, in Devonshire, who in a few 
years was grown as opulent in his purse as 
in his body, by scoring two for one; and 
when he had so done, drinking the most of 
the liquor himself. By which means, and 
having a handsome wife, who knew her busi- 
ness as well as if she had been brought up to 
it from a child (which, indeed, she mostly 
was, her mother keeping the House before 
she married Mr. Avery), they soon became 
very rich and very able to give credit to a 
whole ship's crew upon their tickets, which 
in those days were sold for less than half 
their value. 

Having but one child (afterwards the 



Captain), they at first resolved to bring him 
up a scholar, that he might advance the 
dignity of the family. But instead of learn- 
ing his book, he was taught by such com- 
panions that he could soon swear to every 
point of his compass, which was a very 
diverting scene for the Boatswain and his 
crew, who were then drinking in the kitchen, 
having just received ten pounds apiece short 
allowance money on board the Revenge, 
every farthing of which they spent before 
leaving the house. 

But as soon as their money was spent, 
they w T ere all like to have been imprisoned 
by their Landlady for a riot, as she called it, 
so they were soon glad to sheer off, and he 
thought himself happiest that could get first 
aboard. Indeed, it would have been happy 
for them if they had, for the ship was un- 
moored and gone to sea; which put the 
Boatswain and his crew swearing in earnest, 
and not knowing what to do, they resolved 
to return to their Landlady, Mrs. Avery, 
at "the Sign of the Defiance" But she 
shut them out of doors, calling them a 



parcel of beggarly rascals, and swearing that 
if they would not go from the door she 
would send for the Constable ; and notwith- 
standing all the entreaties and tears of her 
only son, who was then about six years of age, 
she could not be prevailed upon to let them 
in, so they were obliged to stroll about the 
street all night. In the morning, spying the 
ship at anchor, being driven back by contrary 
winds, they resolved to make the best of 
their way aboard; but on the way, whom 
should they meet but young Avery, w r ho 
had no sooner seen them, but he cried after 
them. " Zounds," says the Boatswain, " let's 
take the young dog aboard, and his mother 
shall soon be glad to adjust the reckoning 
more to our satisfaction before she shall 
have her son." 

This was agreed upon by all hands, and 
the boy was as willing as any of them. So, 
stepping into . ie Soat, in about an hour's 
time they reached the ship, which they had 
no soont. boarded but they were brought 
before the Captain, who, being in want of 

hands, contented himself with bidding them 



all go to their business ; for the wind turned 
about, and there was occasion for all hands 
to be at work to carry out the ship. 

All this while young Avery was at the 
heels of the Boatswain, and was observed to 
swear two oaths to one of the Boatswain's ; 
which being soon observed by the Captain, 
he inquired who brought that young rascal 

To which the Boatswain replied that he 
did, that the boy's mother was his Landlady 
on shore, and he had taken him up in jest, 
but was afraid that they would now have to 
keep him in earnest. 

When the hurry was a little over, the 
Captain commanded the boy to be brought 
to him in his cabin. He had not talked long 
to him before he took a fancy to him, telling 
him that if he would be a good boy, he 
should live with him. 

He, being a mighty lover of children, 
would often divert himself by talking to the 
boy, till at length he took such a fancy to him, 
that he ordered him a little hammock in his 
own cabin, and none were so great as the 



Captain and his boy Avery, which had like 
to have proved very fatal to him ; for Avery 
one night, observing the Captain to be very 
drunk with some passengers that were on 
board, got a lighted match and had like to 
have blown up the ship, had not the Gunner 
happened accidentally to follow him into 
the store-room. This made the Captain 
ever after very shy of his new Acquaintance, 
and Avery, after he had been well whipped, 
was ordered down into the hold, where he 
remained until they arrived at Carolina, 
which happened four or five days after. 

The boy was given to a merchant, who, 
taking a fancy to him, put him to school ; but 
he made so little progress in learning, and 
committed so many unlucky tricks, that the 
merchant, in about three years, shipped him 
off to his friends at Plymouth on board the 
Nonesuch, where he was no sooner arrived 
but his mother was overjoyed with the sight 
of her son, his father being dead about a 
month before his arrival. 

And, indeed, it was thought the loss of 
their son broke his heart, for it was observed 



the father never held up his head after, the 
neighbours often reflecting upon him for his 
ill-usage of the seamen, who had spent so 
much money at his house; saying he could 
never expect that all his ill-gotten riches 
could prosper him, which so happened, as 
you shall hear presently. For his mother, 
dying soon after, the boy was left under 
the guardianship of one Mr. Lightfoot, a 
merchant, who, having great losses at sea, 
became a bankrupt, and so young Avery 
was left to look out after himself; there he 
continued for many years in pilfering and 
stealing till the country was too hot for him, 
when he betook him to sea again, where in 
time he became as famous for robbing as 
Cromwell for rebellion. 

He entered himself on board the Duke, 
Captain Gibson Commander, being one of 
the two ships of twenty-four guns and one 
hundred men which were fitted out by the 
merchants of Bristol for the service of Spain, 
which they had no sooner done, but they 
were ordered by their agents at Bristol to 
sail for the Groyne to receive their orders. 



On board one of which ships Avery, 
being at this time above twenty years old, 
entered himself, where he had not been long 
before he observed the Captain was much 
addicted to drunkenness. 

He endeavoured to spirit up not only his 
own ship's crew, but having also given the 
word to part of the other ship's crew, the 
conspirators gave the signal. 

At which the Duchess, as the other ship 
was named, put off her longboat; which 
the conspirators hailing were answered 
by the men in the boat, " Is your drunken 
Boatswain on board?" This being the 
word agreed upon, Avery answered, 
" All is safe ;" upon which twenty lusty 
fellows came aboard and joined them, 
which they had no sooner done but they 
secured the hatches and went to work, 
putting to sea without any disorder, although 
there were several ships in the bay, amongst 
whom was a frigate of forty-four guns. 

The Captain, by this time being awaked 
by the noise of the conspirators working 
the ship, rung the bell, inquiring what was 



the matter, to whom Avery and some of the 
crew replied, " Nothing. Are you mutinous 
in your cups? Can't you lie down, sleep > 
and be quiet?" 

"No," saith the Captain. "I am sure 
something's the matter with the ship. Does 
she drive? What weather is it? Is it a 
storm ?" 

Saith Avery: " Cannot you lie quiet while 
you are quiet ? I tell you all's well ; we are 
at sea in a fair wind and good weather." 

"At sea," saith the Captain; "that can't 

"Be not frightened," saith Avery, "and 
I'll tell you. You must note, I am now the 
Captain of the ship ; nay, you must turn 
out, for this is my cabin, and I am bound 
for Madagascar, to make my own fortune 
as well as my companions." 

The Captain, being more terrified than 
ever, did not know what to say, which Avery 
perceiving, bid him take heart. "For," 
saith he, "if you will join me and these 
brave fellows, my companions, in time you 

may get some post under me. If not, 



step into the longboat and get about your 

This the Captain was glad to hear, but 
yet began to expostulate with them upon 
the injustice of such doings. Saith Avery: 
"What do I care? Every man for himself. 
Gome, come, Captain, if you will go, get 
you gone; the longboat waits for you, and 
if there be any more cowards in the ship, 
you may all go together." Which words so 
affrighted the whole crew, that there was 
not above nine or ten of them that durst 
venture, who made the best of their way to 
the shore as fast as they could, and thought 
they were well off. 

The Captain was no sooner gone, but 
they called a Council, which agreed to 
own Avery as their Captain; which he 
accepted of with all humility imaginable, 
seeming to excuse himself on account of 
his inexperience at sea. But he did it so 
artfully that it more confirmed them in the 
good opinion of their choice. " Gentlemen," 
said he, " what we have done we must live 

or die by; let us all be hearty and of one 



mind, and I don't question but we shall 
make our fortune in a little time. I propose 
that we sail first to Madagascar, where we 
may settle a correspondence, in order to 
secure our retreats, whenever we think fit 
to lie by." 

To which they all agreed, " Nemine con- 

" But hold," saith Avery ; " it is necessary 
that we make some order among us, for the 
better governing of the ship's crew." Which 
were in a few days drawn up by the clerk of 
the ship. 

And Avery promising them vast things, 
they all came into them at last, although 
some things went very much against the 
grain of many of them. 

It took up all their spare time till they 
arrived at Madagascar, where they saw a 
Ship lying at the N.E. part of the Island, 
with w r hich the men had run away from New 
England; and seeing Avery, they supposed 
that he had been sent after them to take 
them, but Avery soon undeceived them, and 
promised them protection; therefore they 



resolved to sail together. In the whole com- 
pany, there was not above ten that pretended 
to any skill in navigation; for Avery him- 
self could neither write nor read very well, 
he being chosen Captain of the Duke purely 
for his courage and contrivance. 

In the latitude of Descada, one of the 
Islands, they took two other sloops, which 
supplied them with provisions, and then they 
agreed to proceed to the West Indies; 
and coming to Barbadoes, they fell in with 
a ship for London with twelve guns, from 
which they took some clothes and money, 
ten barrels of powder, ten casks of beef, and 
several other goods, and five of her men, and 
then let her go. From thence he went to 
the Island of Dominica* and watered ; there 
he met with six Englishmen, who willingly 
entered with Avery. They stayed not long 
before they sailed for the Granada Island to 
clean their ships ; which being known to 
the French Colony, the Governor of Mar- 
tenico sent four sloops well manned after 
them. But they stayed there not long, but 
made the best of their way for Newfound- 



land, entering the harbour of Trepasse with 
black colours, drums beating, and trumpets 

It is impossible to relate the havoc they 
made there, burning all before them. When 
they left Newfoundland they sailed for the 
West Indies, and from thence to the Island 
Descada, it being judged the most convenient 
place, at that time of the year, to meet with 
a rich booty. 

From hence they steered towards the 
Arabian Coast, near the River Indus, where, 
spying a sail, they gave chase. At their near 
approach she hoisted Mogul colours and 
seemed as if she would stand upon her 
defence, whilst Avery contented himself by 
cannonading her at a distance, which made 
many of his men begin to mutiny, thinking 
him a coward. 

But Avery knew better, and command- 
ing his sloops to attack her, one in the Bow, 
and the rest on the Quarter, clapt her on 
board, upon which she struck her colours 
and yielded. Aboard her was one of the 
Mogul's own daughters, with several persons 



of distinction, who were carrying rich offer- 
ings of jewels and other valuable presents 
to Mecca; which booty was the more con- 
siderable, because these people always travel 
with great magnificence, having all their 
slaves and attendants always with them, 
besides jewels and great sums of money to 
defray the charges. But Avery, not content 
with this, seized the young Princess, and 
taking her with him into his own ship, 
made the best of his way to Madagascar, 
where she soon broke her heart and died. 
Also her father, the Great Mogul, did no 
sooner hear of it but he threatened all 
Europe with revenge. And when he knew 
they were Englishmen who had captured 
his daughter and robbed him, he threatened 
to send a mighty army, with fire and sword, 
to extirpate all the English from their settle- 
ments on the Indian Coasts, which gave no 
small uneasiness to the Indian Company at 
London, when they heard of it. 





JOHN RACKHAM was Quarter - Master to 
Vane's Company, till Vane was turned out 
for not fighting the French Man-of-War, 
and Rackham put in Captain in his place, 
which happened about the 24th day of 
November, 1718. His first cruise was 
among the Caribbe Islands, where he took 
and plundered several vessels. Afterwards, 
to the windward of Jamaica, he fell in with 
a Madeira Man, which he detained till he 
had made his market out of her, and then 
restored her to her Master, suffering Hosea 
Tisdel, a tavern-keeper at Jamaica, whom he 
had taken among his Prizes, to go aboard 
her, she being bound for that Island. 

Afterwards he sailed towards the Island 



Bermuda, where he took a Ship bound to 
England from Carolina, and a small Ship 
from New England, both* which he carried 
to the Bahama Islands, and there clean'd. 
But staying too long in that Neighbour- 
hood, Captain Rogers sent out a Sloop well 
mann'd, which retook both the Prizes, the 
Pirate making his Escape. 

From hence they proceeded to the Back 
of Cuba, where Rackham staid a long Time 
with his Delilahs, till their Provision was 
consumed, when he concluded it Time to 
look out for more. As he was putting 
to Sea, a Gar da del Costa came in with a 
small English Sloop, which he had taken 
as an interloper on that coast. The 
Spaniards seeing the Pirate, attacked her; 
but finding he could not come to her that 
night, because she lay close behind a little 
island, he warps into the channel, to make 
sure of her in the morning. Upon this 
Rackham took his Grew into the Boat, with 
their pistols and cutlasses, and falls aboard 
the Spaniards in the night, without being 

discovered, telling them, if they spoke a 



word they were dead men : And so ship- 
ping their cables, drove out to sea, com- 
manding them to take the Boat, and go 
aboard their Sloop immediately, or else they 
were all dead men. Afterwards they waking 
the Captain and his men in the Hammocks, 
who rose full of their expectation of the 
Prizes, they sent them aboard their empty 

In the Beginning of September, they went 
off of the French part of Hispaniola, where 
they took two or three Frenchmen on board, 
that were looking after some cattle grazing 
near the waterside. Then plundered two 
Sloops, they returned to Jamaica, where 
they took a Schooner. 

Rackham continuing about this Island 
longer than a Man of his business ought 
to have done, gave time to a Canoe, which 
he had surprised in Ocho Bay, to inform 
the Governor of Jamaica of his civilities 
to all he met with going or coming from 
the Island. Thereupon a Sloop was sent 
out in quest of him, well mann'd and arm'd, 
under Captain Barnet, to repay him for all 



his good-natured Actions, and, if possible, 
to bring him into the Island. In the mean 
Time Rackham met, near the Negril Point, 
a small Pettiauger, which, upon sight of 
him, ran ashore, and landed her Men; but 
Rackham hailing them, desired the Pet- 
tiauger's men to come aboard him, and 
drink a bowel of punch; swearing, They 
were all Friends and would do no Harm. 
Hereupon they agreed to his Request, and 
went aboard him, though it proved fatal to 
every one of them, they being nine in all. 
For, they were no sooner got aboard, and 
had laid down their muskets and cutlasses, 
in order to take up their pipes, and make 
themselves merry with their new acquaint- 
ance over a can of Flip, but Captain 
Barnefs Sloop was in sight, which soon put 
a damp to all their merriment : Finding she 
stood directly towards them, they immedi- 
ately weighed their anchor and stood off. 
Barnet gave them chase, and having the 
advantage of the wind, soon came up with 
her, gave her a broadside or two, and, after 
a very small dispute, took her and his nine 



new guests, and brought them all together 
into Port-Royal in Jamaica, in about a fort- 
night's time. 

November the 10th, 1720, a Court of 
Admiralty was held at St. Jago de la Vega, 
where the following Persons were tried and 
convicted of Piracy, and accordingly Sen- 
tence of Death was passed upon them by the 
Governor, viz.: John Rackham, Captain; 
George Fetherstone, Master; Richard Cor- 
ner, Quarter - Master ; John Davis, John 
Howel, Patrick Carty, Thomas Earle, James 
Dobbin, and Noah Harwood; Five of whom 
was hang'd the next day at Gallows-point, 
and the rest the day after. The three first 
were taken and hanged in Chains ; Rackham 
at Plumb-point, Fetherstone at Bush-key, and 
Corner at Gun-key. 

But what was yet more strange was the 
conviction of the nine guests, that knew 
nothing of the matter, or at least they pre- 
tended so ; but the People would not believe 
them, because it was proved that they came 
on board with pistols and cutlasses: How- 
ever, they were so much favoured as to 



have the Court adjourned to the 24th of 
January following, to give a better Account 
of themselves than at the time appeared 
to the Court: Beside, the Jury also then 
wanted sufficient evidence to prove the 
piratical intention of going aboard the said 
Sloops. The two Frenchmen taken by 
Rackham from the Island of Hispaniola, 
deposed, That John Eaton, Edward Warner, 
Thomas Baker, Thomas Quick, John Cole, 
Benjamin Palmer, Walter Rouse, John Han- 
son, and John Howard, came on board the 
Pirate's Sloop at Negril Point in Jamaica. 
Indeed they owned, That at first Sight of 
them, they run away from Rackham's Sloop, 
but that he hailing them, they returned, and 
Rackham sent his canoe ashore to fetch 
them aboard him, when they saw them all 
armed with guns and cutlasses, which they 
brought with them ; and that when they were 
chased by Captain Barnet, they were frank 
and free, some drinking and walking about 
the deck not at all dispirited ; during which 
time there was a great gun, and small 
arms, fired by the Pirate Sloop at Captain 



Barnefs Sloop; but that they could not say 
that the Prisoners were any way concerned 
in it : However, they were certain that when 
Captain Barnefs Sloop fired at Rackham's, 
the Prisoners at the Bar went under 
Defck, for cowardice, as they supposed ; 
not so much as once peeping up during the 
time of the whole action : But when 
Captain Barnet drew nigh to them to board 
them, all of them came up, and helped to row 
the sloop, in order to escape from him : 
And that Rackhanfs Men and they seemed 
to agree very well together, and that they 
did verily believe they were all of a Party, 
having heard them say, when they came on 
board, They liked them never the worse for 
being Pirates, since they were all honest Boys, 
and loved their Bottles. 

To which the Prisoners answered, in their 
own Defence ; That they were a great way 
off from friends and acquaintance, and, 
therefore it was impossible to have any one 
to give an account of them. That they 
were very honest pains-taking men, and 
came out to go a-turtling to provide for 



their families ; accordingly going ashore at 
Negril Point they saw a Sloop, with a 
white pendant, making towards them, 
whereupon they took up their arms, which 
were no other but what all people carry 
upon such occasions, and ran into the 
woods, to hide themselves among the 
bushes, not knowing what she might be. 
But when they hailed them and told them 
they were Englishmen, they ventured out, 
and came aboard them, as they desired, to 
drink a bowl of punch, they being poor 
men, who get their livelihood very hardily, 
and such a thing was very acceptable to 
them. But when they came on board the 
Sloop, to their very great surprise, they found 
they were Pirates ; upon which they begged 
to be released ; but Rackham swore, That if 
they did not stay and assist them against 
that Sloop that was coming down against 
them, he would cut all their throats. So 
being compelled thereunto by Rackham and 
his men, to save their Lives, they did assist 
him, and with no other design but to pre- 
vent their being cut in pieces, but as soon as 



Captain Barnet came up with them, they all 
very readily and willingly submitted. 

This being all they had to say in their 
own Defence, the Prisoners were ordered 
from the Bar: The Court were divided in 
their Judgments; but the majority were of 
opinion, that they were all guilty of the 
Piracy and Felony they were charged with ; 
thereupon they all received Sentence of 
Death, as usual in such cases, the Judge 
making a very pathetic Speech to them, 
exhorting them to bear their Sufferings 
patiently, assuring them, that if they were 
innocent, which he very much doubted, then 
their reward would be greater in the Other 
World : But everybody must own their case 
was very hard in this. 

February the 17th, John Eaton, Thomas 
Quick, and Thomas Baker, were accord- 
ingly executed at Gallows-Point; and the 
next Day, John Cole, John Howard, and 
Benjamin Palmer, underwent the same fate 
at Kingston. The <A ?r three got a Re- 
prieve, they being against going aboard the 
Pirate's Sloop, and are now living. 




SPKIGGS sailed at first with Lowe, and came 
away with him from Lowther. Afterwards 
Lowe took a ship of twelve guns on the 
Coast of Guinea, called the Delight, which 
Spriggs went off on board with twenty men, 
and leaving Lowe in the night, came to the 
West Indies. In their passage they made a 
Black Ensign, which they called the Jolly 
Roger, with a skeleton in the middle holding 
a dart in one hand, striking a bleeding 
heart; and in the other an hour-glass; and 
being hoisted, they fired all their guns to 
salute Spriggs, whom they chose Captain, 
and then went to look out for prey. 

In their voyage they took a Portuguese 
barque, wherein they had rich plunder. 



Near St. Lucia, they took a Sloop belonging 
to Barbadoes, which they first plundered, and 
then burnt, forcing some of the men into 
their Service, and beating, in a barbarous 
manner, those that refused to join with 
them, and afterwards sent them away in 
the Boat, half dead with their wounds, the 
rest got to Barbadoes, with much ado, though 
some of them died soon after of their cuts and 
slashes. After this they took a Martinico 
Man, which they used in like manner, save 
that they did not burn the ship. Then run- 
ning down to the Leeward, they took one 
Captain Hawkins coming from Jamaica, laden 
with Logwood ; out of which, they took her 
stores, arms, and ammunition, and what 
they did not want they threw over-board; 
they cut the cables to pieces, knocked down 
the cabins, broke the windows, and did 
what mischief they could, taking Burridge 
and Stephens, the two Mates, and some other 
Hands, by force; and then after keeping 
her a week, they let her go. On the 27th 
they took a Rhode Island Sloop, compelling 
the Captain, and all his men, to go on 



board the Pirate: One of them not being 
willing to stay with them, they told him he 
should have a discharge presently, which 
was to receive ten lashes from every man 
on board. 

The next day Burridge signed their 
Articles; which pleased them so much, 
that they fired all the Guns, and made him 
Master, spending that day in rejoicings and 
drinking healths. 

The First of April they spied a sail, and 
gave her chase all night, believing she had 
been a Spaniard; but when they came up 
to her, and gave her a broadside, she cried 
out for Quarters, which made them cease 
firing, and ordered the Captain to come 
aboard, which proved to be Captain Hawkins, 
whom they had dismissed three days before, 
not worth a groat. Two Days after, they 
anchored at Ratran, not far from Honduras, 
and put ashore Captain Hawkins, and several 
others, giving them powder and ball, and a 
musquet, and then left them to shift as well 
as they could. Here they staid three weeks, 
when two men came in a canoe, that had 

33 C 


been left in another Maroon Island near 
Benecca, and carried them thither. A fort- 
night after they espied a Sloop at sea, which 
had lately escaped from the Spaniards at the 
Bay of Honduras, which, upon a signal stood 
in and took them all off. 

At an Island to the westward, the Pirates 
cleaned their ship, and then sailed towards 
St. Christophers to meet Captain Moor. 

Spriggs next stood towards Bermudas, 
where he took a Schooner belonging to 
Boston, from which he took all the Men, 
and sunk the Vessel. 

Instead of going to Newfoundland, they 
came back to the Islands, and on the 8th 
of June, to windward of St. Christophers, 
they took a Sloop, Nicholas Trot, Master, 
belonging to St. Eustatia, whose men they 
hoisted as high as the main fore-tops, and 
so let them fall down again ; then whipping 
them about the deck, they gave Trot his 
Sloop, and let him go, keeping only two of 
his men, besides the plunder. Two or three 
days after, they took a ship coming from 
Rhode Island to St. Christophers, laden with 



provisions and some horses, and burnt ship, 
men, and horses: Since when Spriggs has 
not been heard of : though it is supposed he 
went to Madagascar, to spend, in rioting 
and wantonness, his ill gotten plunder; till 
by a letter from Jamaica, of the 2nd of 
March last, we understood, That he h 
been again at the Bay of Honduras, and 
taken sixteen Sail. 





EDWARD LOWE, born at Westminster, very 
early began the Trade of Plundering; for 
if any Child refused him what he had, 
he must fight him. When he grew bigger, 
he took to Gaming among Blackshoe Boys 
upon the Parade, with whom he used to 
play the Whole Game, as they call it; that 
is, cheat every Body, and if they refused, 
they had to fight him. 

Ned went to Sea with his eldest Brother, 
and leaving him in New-England, he worked 
in a Rigging House, at Boston, for some 



Time, when not liking that, he returned to 
England to see his Mother, with whom he 
did not stay long before he took his Leave 
of her, for the last Time, as he said, and 
returned to Boston, where he shipped him- 
self in a Sloop that was bound to the Bay 
of Honduras; and when he arrived there, 
he was made Patron of the Boat, to bring 
the logwood on board to lade the ship; 
where he differing with the Captain about 
the hurry of taking the logwood on board, 
Lowe takes up a loaden Musquet, and fired at 
him; then putting off the Boat, he, with 
twelve of his companions, goes to sea, 
Next day they met a small vessel, which 
they took, made a Black Flag, and declared 
War against all the world. From hence 
they proceed to the Island of the Grand 
Caimanes, where they met with George 
Lowther, who took him under his protec- 
tion as an ally, without any formal Treaty; 
which Lowe readily agreed to. But parting 
with Lowther on the 28th of May, as we have 
already given in an Account in Lowther's 
Life, Lowe took a Vessel belonging to Amboy> 



which he plundered, and then stood away 
to the South East, by which he avoided two 
Sloops which the Governor had sent to take 
him from Rhode Island. 

July the 12th, he sailed into the Harbour 
of Port Rosemary, where he found 13 small 
vessels at anchor, whom he told they 
would have no quarters if they resisted; 
which so frightened the Masters of the 
vessels, that they all yielded. Out of them 
he took whatever he wanted, keeping for 
his own Use a Schooner of 80 Tons, on 
board of which he put 10 Carriage Guns, 
and 50 men, and named her the Fancy 
making himself Gaptain, and appointing 
Charles Harris Captain of the Brigantine. 
Making up a complement of 80 men 
out of the vessels, some by force, and 
others by their own inclinations, he sailed 
away from Mablehead, and 
soon after he met two Sloops 
bound for Boston, with pro- 
visions for the garrison ; but 
there being an officer and 
soldiers on board, he thought 



it the safest way, after some small resistance, 
to let them go on about their business. 

They then steered for the Leeward 
Islands; but in their voyage met with 
such a hurricane, as had not been known 
in the memory of man. After the storm 
was over, they got safe to one of the small 
Islands of the Carribees, and there refitted 
their vessels as well as they could.. As 
soon as the Brigantine was ready, they 
took a short cruise, leaving the Schooner 
in the harbour till their return; which 
had not been many days at sea, before 
she met a ship that had lost all her 
masts, on board of which they went, and 
took, in money and goods, to the value of 
1QOO/. Upon this success, the Brigantine 
returned to the Schooner, which being then 
ready to sail, they agreed to go to the 
Azores, or Western Islands, where Lowe 
took a French Ship of 32 Guns, and in St. 
Michael's Road, he took several sail that 
were lying there, without firing a gun. 
Being in great want of water, he sent to 
the Governor of St. Michael's for a Supply, 



promising upon that Condition, to release 
the Ships he had taken, otherwise to burn 
them all ; which the Governor, for the sake 
of the Ships, agreed to. Thereupon he 
released six, keeping only the Rose Pink, of 
which he took the Command. 

The Pirates took several of the Guns out 
of the ships, and mounted them on board 
the Rose. Lowe ordered the Schooner to lie 
in the Fare between St. Michael's and St. 
Mary's, where he met with Captain Carter 
in the Wright Galley; who, defending him- 
self, they cut and mangled him and his Men 
in a barbarous manner; after which, they 
were for burning the ship, but contented 
themselves with cutting her cable, rigging, 
and sails to pieces, and so left her to the 
mercy of the seas. From hence they sailed 
to the Island of Maderas, where they took 
a fishing boat, with two old men and a 
boy in her, one of whom they sent ashore, 
demanding a boat of water, otherwise they 
would kill the old man, which being com- 
plied with, the old man was discharged. 
From hence they sailed to the Canaries, 



and thence continued their course for the 
Cape de Verde Islands, where they took 
a ship called the Liverpool Merchant, from 
which they took 300 gallons of brandy, 
two guns and carriages, besides six of the 
men, and then obliged them to go to the 
Isle of May. They also took two Portuguese 
ships bound to Brazil, and three Sloops 
from St. Thomas's bound to Curaso: All of 
which they plundered, and let them go, 
except one Sloop, by which they heard that 
two Gallies were expected at the Western 
Islands. Her they manned, and sent in 
Quest of these Ships whilst they careened 
the Rose at Cape de Verde; but the Sloop 
missing the prey, was reduced to great 
want of water and provisions, so that they 
ventured to go ashore St. Michael's, and pass 
for Traders ; where, being suspected by the 
Governor, they were conducted into the 
Castle, and provided for as long as they 

Lowe's ship was overset a-careening, so 
that he was reduced to his old Schooner, 
aboard of which there went about an hun- 



dred as bold rogues as ever was hanged, 
and sailed to the West-Indies, where they 
took a rich Portugueze ship bound Home 
from Bahia, putting to the torture several 
of the men, who confest the Captain flung 
into the sea a bag of 11000 Moidores. This 
made Lowe swear a thousand oaths ; and 
after cutting off his lips, he murdered him 
and all his Grew, being 36 men. 

After this, they cruised to the North- 
ward, and took several Vessels and then 
steered for the Bay of Honduras, where they 
took Five English Sloops, and a Pink, and 
a Spaniard of 6 Guns and 70 men, whom 
they killed every man; which being done 
they rummaged the Spanish Ship, bring- 
ing all the booty on board their own 

In the next cruise, between the Leeward 
Islands and the Main, they took two Snows 
from Jamaica to Liverpool, and just after 
a Ship called the Amsterdam Merchant, the 
Captain thereof he slit his Nose, cut his 
Ears off, and then plundered the ship and 
let her go. Afterwards he took a Sloop 



bound to Amboy, of whose Men he tied lighted 
matches between the fingers, which burnt 
the flesh off the bones, and afterwards set 
them ashore in an uninhabited part of the 
country, as also other ships which fell a 
prey to those villains. 

One of His Majesty's Men-of-War called 
the Greyhound, of 20 guns and 120 men, hear- 
ing of their barbarous actions, went in search 
of them and, seeing the Pirates, allowed Lowe 
to chase them at first, till they were in readi- 
ness to engage him, and when he was within 
gunshot, tacked about and stood towards 
him. The Pirates edged away under the 
Man-of- War's stern, making a running fight 
for about two hours. But little wind hap- 
pening, the Pirates gained from her ; there- 
upon the Greyhound left off firing, and turned 
all her hands to her oars, and came up 
with them, when the fight was renewed 
with a brisk fire on both sides, till the 
Ranger's main-yard was shot down ; upon 
which, the Greyhound pressing close, Lowe 
bore away and left his consort, who seeing 
the cowardice of his Commadore, and that 



there was no possibility of escaping, called 
out for quarters. 

Lowe's conduct in this engagement shewed 
him to be a cowardly villain; for had 
he fought half as briskly as Harris, the 
Man-of-War could never have taken either 
of them. The Greyhound carried her 
Prize to Rhode-Island, which was looked 
upon to be of such signal Service to the 
Colony, that in Council they resolved to 
compliment Peter Sulgard Captain, with 
the Freedom of their Corporation. They 
secured the prisoners under a strong guard 
in Jail, till a Court of Vice-Admiralty 
could be held for their Trials, which was 
on the 10th of July at Newport, lasting 
three Days. The Judges were William 
Dummer, Esq; Lieutenant Governor of the 
Massachusets, President; Nathaniel Payne, 
Esq; John Lechmore, Esq; Surveyor 
General; John Valentine, Esq; Advocate 
General; Samuel Cranston, Governor of 
Rhode Island; John Menzies, Esq; Judge 
of the Admiralty; Richard Ward, Esq; 
Registrar ; and Mr. Jahleet Brinton, Provost 



Marshal. Robert Auchmuta, Esq, was ap- 
pointed by the Court, Counsel for the 
prisoners here under mentioned. 

Charles Harris, Captain, William Blads, 
Daniel Hyde, Thomas Powel, jun., Stephen 
Munden, Thomas Hugget, William Read, Peter 
Kneeves, James Brinkley, Joseph Sound, Wil- 
liam Shutfield, Edward Eaton, John Brown, 
Edward Lawson, Owen Rice, John Tomkins, 
John Fitzgerald, Abraham Lacy, Thomas Line' 
ster, Francis Leyton, John Walters, Quarter- 
master, William Jones, Charles Church, Thomas 
Hazel, and John Bright, who were all executed 
the 19th of July, 1723, near Newport in Rhode 
Island; but John Brown and Patrick Cunning- 
ham were recommended to Mercy. 

The eight following were found Not 
Guilty; John Wilson, Henry Barnes, Thomas 
Jones, Joseph Switzer, Thomas Mumper, Indian, 
John Hencher, Doctor, John Fletcher, and 
Thomas Child. 

Instead of working repentance in Lowe, 
this deliverance made him ten times worse, 
vowing revenge upon all they should meet 
with for the future, which they executed 



upon Nathan Skiff, Master of a Whale-fishing 
Sloop, whom they whipt naked about the 
deck, and then cut off his ears, making his 
torture their sport. At length being weary 
thereof, they shot him through the head, 
and sunk his vessel. Some days after, he 
took a fishing boat off of Black Island, and 
only cut ofi the master's head; but next 
day taking two Whale Boats near Rhode 
Island, he brutally killed one of the masters 
and cut ofi the ears of the other. From 
hence he went to Newfoundland, where he 
took 23 French Vessels, and mann'd one of 
them of 22 Guns with pirates; after which, 
they took and plundered 18 ships, some of 
which they destroyed. 

The latter end of July, Lowe took a large 
ship called the Merry Christmas, and mounted 
her with 34 Guns, on which he goes aboard, 
taking the title of Admiral, and sails to the 
Western Islands, where he took a Brigantine 
manned with English and Portuguese, the 
Latter of whom he hanged. 

Afterwards Lowe went to the Coast of 
Guinea, but nothing happened till he came 

49 D 


to Sierra Leon, in Africa, when he met with 
the Delight, which he took, mounting her 
with 16 Guns, and 60 men, appointing Spriggs 
Captain, and from whom two days after he 

In January after, he took a Ship called 
Squirrel, but what came of him afterwards 
we cannot tell. 




GEORGE LOWTHER went second Mate on board 
the Gambia Castle, belonging to the Royal 
African Company, on board which was 
Captain Massey, with soldiers that he was 
to command under Colonel Whitney, whom 
were landed on James Island ; but the Fort 
and Garrison not agreeing the Company 
soon after lost a Galley worth 10000/. by it. 

Massey finding he must be over-ruled by 
the merchants, soon began to complain of 
their ill-treatment of his men 
in their allowance, saying he 
did not come to be a Guinea 
Slave; and that if they did not 



use him and his men better, he should take 
other measures. 

At the same time, there happened a 
dispute between the Captain of the ship 
and Lowther, which very much contributing 
to Lowther's design: For Lowther finding 
himself neglected by the Captain, found 
means to ingratiate himself into the favour 
of the sailors, who, upon the Captain's 
going to punish him, swore, They would 
knock down the first man that should offer 
to lay hands on him ; which Lowther im- 
proved to a general disaffection of the ship's 
Crew. Massey in the meantime, having 
contracted an intimacy with Lowther^ they 
agreed to curb their enemies, and provide 
for themselves some other way; which the 
Captain perceiving, he goes on shore to 
the Governor and Factor, to consult what 
methods to take. But Lowther apprehending 
it was against him, he sent a letter in the 
same boat to Massey, advising him to repair 
on board, to put their project in execution. 

Upon which Massey harangued the 
Soldiers, saying, You that have a Mind to 



return to England, may now do it; which 
they all agreed to. Then he went to the 
Governor's appartment, and took his bed, 
baggage, plate and furniture, believing the 
Governor would go with him, which he 
refused ; however Massey came aboard with 
the Governor's son. After demolishing all 
the guns of the Fort, they weighed anchor, 
and fell down, but soon ran the ship aground ; 
upon which Massey returns to the Fort, re- 
mounts the guns, and keeps garrison till 
the ship got clear. In the meantime 
Captain Russell got off but was not suffered 
to come on board, although he offered 
Lowther what terms he pleased. Next 
tide they got the ship afloat, having first 
nailed up and dismounted all the cannon. 
Then putting the Governor's son ashore, 
they put out to sea, when Lowther called 
upon the men, and told them, It was Mad- 
ness to think of returning to England; for what 
they had done, would be judged a Capital Offence ; 
and therefore, since they had a good ship 
under them, he proposed that they should 
seek their fortunes upon the Seas, as others 



had done before them, which they all agreed 
to, calling the ship The Delivery, and swore 
to stand by one another. 

Lowther left the Fort the 13th of June, 
and on the 20th, near Barbadoes, he came up 
with a Brigantine, belonging to Boston, which 
he plundered, and then let go. After this 
he proceeded to Hispaniola, where he met 
with a French Sloop loaden with wine and 
brandy, on board whom Captain Massey 
went, pretending at first to be a merchant; 
but finding her to be a Ship of value, he 
told Monsieur, He must have it all without 
money. On board her, there was 30 casks 
of brandy, 5 hogsheads of wine, several 
pieces of chintz, and 70/. in money, all of 
which they took, only Lowther return'd the 
French Master five pounds again. 

But this good harmony did not last long 
amongst them, Massey was uneasy, and re- 
solved to leave them ; which Lowther agreed 
to, giving him a Sloop he had just before 
taken, to go where he thought fit. Accord- 
ingly Massey goes aboard, with ten men, 
and comes in directly for Jamaica, where, 



putting a bold face on the matter, he in- 
forms Sir Nicholas Laws, the then Governor, 
how he had left Lowther the pirate, and of all 
that had been transacted before, adding, 
That he assisted him at the River Gambia 
only to save so many of His Majesty's 
subjects, and return to England. 

Massey was well received, and, at his 
own report, he was sent on board the 
Happy Sloop, to cruise off Hispaniola for 
Lowther; but not meeting with him, he 
returned to Jamaica, and getting a Certifi- 
cate, he came home to England, where, when 
he arrived, he writes to the African Company, 
relating the whole transaction of his voy- 
age, but excuses it as an inadvertency, by 
his being ill-used ; for which, if they would 
not forgive him, he begged to die like a 
soldier, and not be hanged like a dog. 
This not producing so favourable an answer 
as he expected, he went the next day to 
the Lord Chief Justice Chambers, and 
enquired, If there had been ever a Warrant 
granted and against one Captain Massey for 
Piracy. But being told, There was not, he 



said, He was the Man, and that the African 
Company would soon apply to my Lord for 
one, which if they did, he lodged in Alders- 
gate street, wh ;re the Officer might at any 
time find him. This the Clerk took down 
in writing, and a Warrant being soon 
granted, the Tipstaff went accordingly, and 
took him without any trouble. 

But still there was no person to charge 
him, neither could they prove the letter to 
be his own hand-writing, till the Justice 
interrogated him, Whether he did write the 
letter or not; which he readily confessed, 
as also gave an ample account of the whole 
voyage, thereupon he was committed to 
Newgate, though soon after he was admitted 
out upon bail. 

July the 5th, 1723, he was tried at the 
Old-Baily by a Court of Admiralty, when 
Captain Russell and others appeared against 
him: But he would have saved them all 
that trouble, for he confessed more than 
they knew, fixing the facts so firm upon 
himself, that he was found Guilty, re- 
ceived Sentence of Death, and was 



executed three weeks after at Execution 

But to return to Lowther? whom Massey 
left cruising off of Hispaniola, who plying to 
the Windward near Porto Rico, took two 
sail, one was a small Bristol Ship, the other 
a Spanish Pirate, who had taken the Bristol 
Ship; which so provoked Lowther, that he 
threatened to 

ards to Death, 
for daring to 
intermeddle in 
his Affairs : But 
at last he con- 
tented himself 
with burning 
both their ships ; and the Spaniards getting 
away in their launch, they thought they 
were well off. 

Afterwards he took a small Sloop from 
St. Christophers, which he manned; and 
carried with him to an island where they 
cleaned, and then going aboard, they sailed 
towards the Bay of Honduras, where they 



met with a small vessel with 13 Hands, of 
the same employment, under Captain Lowe, 
whom Lowther received as friends, inviting 
them, as they were few in number, to join 
their strength together; which being ac- 
cepted of, Lowther continued Captain, and 
Lowe was made Lieutenant, burning his own 
ship. Then coming into the Bay, they fell 
upon a ship of two hundred tons, called 
the Greyhound; against whom Lowther firing 
his guns, hoisted the piratical Colours, 
which Captain Edward bravely returned; 
but at length finding the Pirate too strong 
for him he yielded, and the Pirate came on 
Board, and not only rifling the ship, but 
beat and cut the men in a cruel manner. 
In crusing about the Bay, they took several 
other vessels without any resistance, par- 
ticularly a Sloop of 100 Tons, which they 
mounted with 8 carriages and 10 swivel 
guns. With this fleet, Lowther in the 
Happy Delivery, Lowe in the Rhode Island 
Sloop, Harris in Hamilton's Sloop, left the 
Bay, and came to Port Mayo, where they 
made preparations to careen, carrying 



ashore all their sails, to lay their plunder 
and stores in ; but when they were busy 
at work, a body of the natives came down 
and attacked the Pirates unprepared, who 
were glad to fly to their Sloops, and leave 
them masters of the field, leaving the Happy 
Delivery behind them, contenting them- 
selves with the Ranger ', which had only 20 
guns, and 8 swivels, taking all the men on 
board her, wherein they presently began 
to quarrel, laying the blame upon one 
another. Being very much in want of 
provisions, they got to the West Indies, 
May 1722, and near the Island of Descada 
took a Brigantine stored with provisions 
and necessaries, which put them in better 
temper. Then they watered and stood to 
the Northward, intending to visit the North 
Coast of America, and in Latitude 38, they 
took the Rebecca of Boston, at which Time 
the Crews divided, Lowe with 44 Hands 
went on board the Brigantine, and Lowther 
with the same number, staid in the Sloop, 
separating that very night, being the 28th 
of May 1722. 



Lowther cruised a pretty while among 
the Islands to no purpose, till at length he 
fell in with a Martinico Man, which proved 
a seasonable relief, he being reduced to 
great want of provisions, and after that a 
Guinea Man. After which they thought it 
time to clean, in order to prepare for new 
adventures; for which purpose they sailed 
to the Island of Blanco, which is a low 
Island 30 leagues from the main of Spanish 
America, where he unrigged his Sloop, 
sending his guns, rigging, and sails 
ashore, and putting his vessel upon the 
careen. But the Eagle Sloop of Barbadoes, 
coming near this Island, and seeing her, 
supposing her to be a Pirate, took the 
advantage of attacking her when unpre- 
pared, who immediately hoisted the St. 
George's Flag at her top-mast head to bid 
them defiance : But when they found the 
Eagle resolved to board them in good 
earnest, the Pirates cut their cable, and 
hawled the stern on shore, which obliged 
the Eagle to come to an anchor athwart the 
hawse, where they engaged them till they 



cried out for Quarters. At which time Low- 
ther and 12 men made their escape, but they 
took the rest, and brought them to Camena, 
where the Spanish Governor condemned 
the Sloop to the captors, and sent 23 Hands 
to scour the Bushes of Blanco for the Pirates, 
when they took 40; but could not find Low- 
ther, three men and a little Boy. John 
Churchill, Edward Mackonald, Nicholas Lewis, 
Rich. West, Sam Lavercot, Rob. White, John 
Shaw, And. Hunter, Jonathan Delve, Matthew 
Freeborn, and Henry Watson, were hanged, 
Roger Granger, Ralph Candem, and Robert 
Willis, were acquitted. And Captain Low- 
ther, it is said, afterwards shot himself, being 
found dead, and a pistol burst by his side. 






THOMAS ANSTK shipped himself at Providence, 
in the Year 1718, aboard the Buck Sloop, 
and was one of the six that conspired 
together to get off with the vessel, along 
with Howel Davis, Dennis Topping, and Walter 
Kennedy, etc. I shall only observe, that this 
combination was the beginning of Captain 
Roberts's company, which afterwards proved 
so formidable, from whom Anstis separated 
the 18th of April, 1721, leaving his Commo- 
dore to pursue his adventures upon the 
Coasts of Guinea, whilst he returned to the 
West Indies, upon the same design. 

About the middle of June, he met with 



one Captain Maiston, between Hispaniola 
and Jamaica, bound to New-York, from which 
he took all the wearing apparel, liquors and 
provisions, and six men. Afterwards he 
met with the Irwin, Captain Ross from Cork, 
on the Coast of Martinico, which ship had 
Colonel Doyly of Montserrat on board, and 
his Family, and 600 barrels of beef. 

Afterwards they went into one of the 
Islands to clean, and thence proceeding 
towards Bermudas, they met with a stout 
ship called the Morning Star, bound from 
Guinea to Carolina, which they kept for 
their own use. Just after, they took a 
ship from Barbadoes bound to New England, 
from whence taking her guns, they mounted 
the Morning Star with 32 pieces of cannon, 
and 100 men, appointing John Fenn Captain : 
For Anstis was so in love with his own 
vessel, she being a good sailor, he made it 
his choice to stay in her, and let Fenn have 
the other ship. Though they were not 
sufficiently strong, yet being most new men, 
they could not agree, but resolving to break 
up company, sent a Petition to His Majesty 



by a Merchant Ship, expecting her Return 
at Cuba. 

Here they staid about nine months; but 
not having provisions for above two, they 
were obliged to take what the Island afforded; 
w r hich is many sorts of fish, particularly 
turtle; though they eat not a bit of bread, 
nor flesh meat, during their being on the 

They passed their time here in dancing, 
and other diversions, agreeable to these 
sort of folks. Among the rest, they ap- 
pointed a mock Court of Judicature, to try 
one another for Piracy, and he that was a 
Criminal one day, was made a Judge 
another. I shall never forget one of their 
Trials, which for the curiosity of it, I shall 
relate. The Judge got up into a tree, having 
a dirty tarpaulin over his shoulders for a 
robe, and a Thrum Cap upon his head, 
with a large pair of spectacles upon his 
nose, and a monkey bearing up his train, 
with abundance of Officers attending him, 
with crows and hand-spikes instead of 
wands and tip-staves in their hands. 



Before whom the Criminals were brought 
out, making 1000 wry Faces; when the 
Attorney-General moved the Court, and 
said, An't please your Lordship, and you 
Gentlemen of the Jury, this fellow before 
you is a sad dog, a sad, a sad dog, and I 
hope your Lordship will order him to be 
hanged out of the way; he has committed 
Piracy upon the High Seas; nay, my Lord, 
that's not all ; this fellow, this sad dog before 
you, has out-rid a hundred storms, and you 
know, my Lord, He that's born to be hanged, 
will never be drowned. Nor is this all, he 
has been guilty of worse villany than this, 
and that is of drinking of small beer; and 
your Lordship knows, there was never a 

sober fellow but what was 
a rogue My Lord, I should 
have said more, but your 
Lordship knows our rum is 
out, and how should a Man 
speak that has drunk a dram 

Judge. Harkee me, Sir- 
rah you ill - looked 



dog. What have you to say why you 
may not be tucked up, and set a-sun- 
drying like a scare-crow? Are you 
Guilty, or not? 

Prisoner. Not Guilty, an't please your 

Judge. Not Guilty! say so again, and I 
will have you hanged without any 

Prisoner. An't please your Worship's 
Honour, my Lord, I am as honest a 
fellow as ever went between stem 
and stern of a ship, and can hand, 
reef, steer, and clap two ends of 
a rope together, as well as e'er a He 
that ever crossed Salt-water; but I 
was taken by one George Bradley (the 
name of the Judge) a notorious 
Pirate, and a sad rogue as ever was 
hanged, and he forced me, an't please 
your Honour. 

Judge. Answer me, Sirrah how will you 
be tried? 

Prisoner. By God and my country. 

Judge. The Devil you will . . . Then, 



Gentlemen of the Jury, we have 
nothing to do but to proceed to 

Attorney-Gen. Right, my Lord; for if 
the fellow should be suffered to 
speak, he might clear himself; and 
that, you know, is an affront to the 

Prisoner. Pray, my Lord, I hope your 
Lordship will consider. 

Judge. Consider ! How dare you talk 
of considering! Sirrah, Sirrah, I 
have never considered in all my 
life. I'll make it Treason to con- 

Pris. But I hope your Lordship will hear 

Judge. What have we to do with Reason ? 
-I would have you to know, Sirrah, 
we do not sit here to hear Reason- 
we go according to Law. Is our 
dinner ready? 

Attorney-General. Yes, my Lord. 

Judge. Then harkee you rascal at the 
Bar, hear me, Sirrah, hear me. You 



must be hanged for three reasons : 
First, because it is not fit that I should 
sit as Judge, and no-body to be 
hang'd : Secondly, You must be hang'd 
because you have a damn'd hanging 
Look : Thirdly, You must be hanged, 
because I am hungry. There's Law 
for you, ye dog; take him away, 

By this we maysee how these fellows 
can jest upon things, the thoughts of which 
should make them tremble. 

August 1722, they made ready the Brigan- 
tine, and came out to sea, where meeting 
their correspondent returning, and finding 
nothing done, they all agreed to ply their 
old trade. So they sailed with the ship 



and Brigantine to the Southward, where they 
ran the Morning Star upon the Grand Car- 
manes, and wrecked her; the next Day 
Anstis went ashore to fetch the men off, 
who were all safe. Anstis had just time 
to get Captain Fenn, and a few others on 
board, before the Hector and Adventure 
came down upon him; but he got to sea, 
and one of the Men-of-War after him, 
keeping within gun-shot several hours, 
when the wind dying away, the Pirates 
got to their oars, and rowed for their 

The Hector landed her men, and took 
40 of the Morning Star's Crew, without any 
resistance, they pretending they were glad 
of this opportunity ; the rest hid themselves 
in the woods. 

The Brigantine after her escape, sailed 
to an Island, near the Bay of Honduras, to 
clean, and in her way took a Sloop, Captain 
Durfey Commander, which they destroyed, 
but brought the men on board. While she 
was cleaning, Durfey conspired with some 
of the prisoners, to carry off the Brigantine ; 



but it being discovered, he and four or five 
more got ashore, with arms and ammuni- 
tion ; and when the Pirates' Canoe came in 
for Water, seized the boat and men ; upon 
which, Anstis sent another boat with 30 
hand ashore; but Durfey gave them such a 
warm reception that they were glad to 
return back again. 

In December 1722, Anstis left this place, 
taking in his cruise a good ship. He 
mounted her with 24 Guns and made Fenn 
Commander. From hence they went to the 
Bahama Islands, taking what they wanted. 

As they were cleaning their ship the 
Winchelsea came down upon them, when 
most of them escaped to the woods; but 
Anstis having a light pair of heels, escaped 
in the Brigantine. Afterwards, some of the 
Company, being tired of this trade, shot 
Anstis in his Hammock, and put the rest 
in irons, and then carried the Brigantine to 
Curacco, a Dutch Settlement, where they 
were hanged, and those that delivered up the 
vessel acquitted. Fenn was soon after taken 
by the Man-of-War's Men, straggling in the 



woods, with a few more, and carried to 
Antegoa and hanged. But some escaped 
among the negroes, and were never heard 
of since. 




JOHN PHILLIPS was bred a carpenter, but 
sailing in a West Country ship to New- 
foundland, was taken by Anstis, who soon 
persuaded him to join with him, making 
him Carpenter of the Vessel, in which 
station he continued till they broke up at 
Tobago, when he came Home in a Sloop that 
was sunk in Bristol Channel. But he did not 
stay long in England; for hearing of some 
of his companions being taken in Bristol 
Gaol, he moved off to Topsham, and there 
shipped himself with one Captain Wadham 
for Newfoundland, where when the ship came 



he ran away, and hired himself a splitter in 
the Fishery for the season: but he soon 
combined with others in the Fishery, to go 
off with one of the vessels that lay in the 
Harbour, and turn Pirate, and accordingly 
fixed upon the 29th of August, 1713, at Night; 
but of 16 Men that promised five only were 
as good as their Word. Notwithstanding, 
Phillips was for pushing on, assuring them 
that they should soon increase their com- 
pany. Hereupon they seized a vessel, and 
went out to sea, when they soon began 
to settle their Officers to prevent dispute, 
appointing, John Phillips, Captain ; John Nutt, 
Navigator of the Vessel; James Sparks, Gun- 
ner ; Thomas Fern, Carpenter ; and William 
White was only a private man among them. 

Before they left the Banks, they took 
several small fishing vessels, out of which 
they took some more Hands, and then sailed 
to the West-Indies: Among those that were 
taken, was one John Rose Archer who having 
been a pirate under Blackbeard was made 
Quarter-Master to the company: They 
came off Barbadoes in October, and cruised 



about the Islands about three Months, with- 
out meeting with a vessel, so that they were 
almost starved for want of provisions, when 
at length they fell in with a Martinico Man 
of 12 guns and 35 hands, upon which they 
hoisted the Black Flag and ran up along side 
of the Sloop, with piratical Colours flying, 
swearing, If they did not strike immedi- 
ately, they must expect no quarters; which 
so frightened the Frenchman, that he never 
fired a gun. Having got this supply, they 
took her provisions, and four of her men. 

Having occasion to clean their vessel, 
Phillips proposed Tobago; and just as they 
had done, a Man-of- War's boat came into 
the Harbour, the ship cruising to the Lee- 
ward of the Island ; which was no sooner 
gone, but they warped out, and plied to the 
Windward for safety. 

In a few days they took a Snow with a 
few Hands in it, on board of which they 
sent Fern the Carpenter, William Smith, 
Philips Wood, and Taylor; but Fern being 
dissatisfied at Archer's being preferred be- 
fore him to be Quarter-Master, persuaded 

81 F 


the rest to go off with the prize ; but Phillips 
gave them Chase, and coming up with them, 
shot Wood, and wounded Taylor in the leg; 
upon which the other two surrendered. 

From Tobago they stood away to the 
Northward, and took a Portuguese bound 
for Brazil, and two or three Sloops for 
Jamaica, in one of which Fern endeavouring 
to go off, was killed by Phillips, as was also 
another man for the like attempt, which 
made all the others more fearful of dis- 
covering their Minds, dreading the villany 
of a few hardened wretches, who feared 
neither God nor Devil, as Phillips was often 
used blasphemously to say. 

On the 25th of March, they took two ships 
from Virginia, the Master's name of one 
was John Phillips, the Pirate's Name-sake; 
of the other, Robert Mortimer, a stout young 
man. Phillips staid on board Mortimer's 
Ship, while they transported the crew to 
the Sloop, when Mortimer took up a hand- 
spike and struck Phillips over the Head; 
but not knocking him down, he recovered 
and wounded Mortimer with his sword; 



and the other two Pirates who were on 
board, coming to Phillip's assistance they 
cut Mortimer to pieces, while his own two 
men stood and looked on. Out of the other 
Virginia Man, they took Edward Cheesman, 
a carpenter, to supply the Place of Fern, 
who being averse to that way of life, pro- 
posed to J. Philamore, who was ordered to 
row Cheesman on board Mortimer's ship, 
to overthrow their Piratical government; 
which from time to time, as occasion 
offered, they consulted how to do. The 
Pirates, in the mean time, robbed and 
plundered several ships and vessels, bend- 
ing their course towards Newfoundland, 
where they designed to raise more men, 
and do all the mischief they could on the 
Banks, and in the harbours. Towards 
which country, Phillips making his way, 
took one Salter in a Sloop on the Isle of 
Sables, which he kept, and gave Mortimer's 
Ship to the Mate and crew ; also a Schooner, 
one Chadwell Master, which they scuttled in 
order to sink : But Phillips understanding 
that she belonged to Mr. Menors of New- 



foundland, with whose Vessel they first went 
off a-Pirating, said, We have done him injury 
enough already, and so ordering his Vessel to 
be repaired, returned her to the Master. 

In the Afternoon, they chased another 
vessel, whose Master was an Inward Light 
Man, named Dependence Efllery, who told 
Phillips he took him for a Pirate as soon as 
he saw him, otherwise he would not have 
given him the Trouble of chasing him so 
long. This so provoked Phillips and his 
Crew, that they made poor Dependence, for 
his Integrity, dance about the Ship till he 
was weary. After which they took 10 other 
ships and vessels ; and on the 14th of April, 
they took a Sloop belonging to Cape Anne, 
Andrew Harradine Master; which looking 
upon to be more fit for their purpose, they 
came on board, keeping only the Master of 
her Prisoner, and sending the crew away 
in Salter's vessel. Cheesman broke his mind 
to Harradine, to destroy the crew. Upon 
this, it was concluded to be 12 a Clock at 
Noon, when Cheesman leaves his working- 
tools on the deck, as if he had been going 



to use them, walks off. But perceiving some 
signs of fear in Harradine, he fetches his 
brandy bottle, and gives him and the rest 
a dram, saying, Here's to our next Meeting; 
then he talks to Nutt, in the mean while 
Philamore takes up an axe, while Cheesman 
and Harradine sieze Nutt by the Collar, 
and toss him over the Side of the Vessel. 

By this Time the Boatswain was dead; 
for as soon as Philamore saw the Master laid 
hold on, he up with the axe, and cut off the 
Boatswain's head, which Noise soon brought 
the Captain upon Deck, whom Cheesman 
saluted with the blow of a mallet, which 
broke his jaw-bone, but did not knock him 
down ; upon which Harradine came to the 
Carpenter's aid, when Sparks the Gunner 
interposing, Cheesman trips up his Heels, 
and flung him into the arms of Charles 
Ivemay, who at that moment threw him 
into the Sea ; and at the same Time Harra- 
dine throws Captain Phillips after him, bid- 
ding the Devil take them both. This done, 
Cheesman jumps from the deck into the 
Hold, to knock Archer on the Head, when 



Harry Gyles came down after him, desired 
his Life might be spared ; which being agreed 
to, he was made a Prisoner, and secured. 

All being over, they altered their course 
from Newfoundland to Boston, where they 
arrived the 3rd of May, to the great joy of 
the Province, and on the 12th of May, a 
special Court of Admiralty was held for the 
Trial of these Pirates, when John Philamore, 
Edward Cheesman, John Cobs, Henry Gyles, 
Charles Joymay, John Boatman, and Henry 
Payne, were honourably acquitted ; as also 
three French Men, John Baptis, Peter Taffery, 
and Isaac Lassen, as also three Negroes, 
Pedro, Francisco, and Pierro. John Rose A rcher, 
the Quarter-Master, William White, William 
Taylor, and William Phillipswere condemned ; 
altho' the two latter got a Reprieve, and the 
two former, Archer and White, were executed 
the 2nd of June following. 





EDWARD TEACH was a Bristol Man, and had 
served many years in the late wars, in a 
Privateer fitted out from Jamaica, in which 
he had often distinguished himself for his 
boldness. He was never thought fit to be 
entrusted with any Command, till he went 
a-pirating in the Year 1716, when Captain 
Benjamin Hornigold put him into a Prize 
Sloop, with whom he kept company till 
Hornigold surrendered. 

In 1727, Teach and Hornigold sailed from 
Providence for America, where, in their way, 



they took a vessel with above 100 Barrels 
of Flour, as also a Sloop from Bermudas, 
and a Ship bound to Carolina; from which 
they had a good plunder. After cleaning at 
Virginia, they returned to the West-Indies, 
and made Prize of a French Guinea Man 
bound to Martinico, which Teach was made 
Captain of; but Hornigold with his Sloop 
returned to Providence, and surrendered to 
mercy. Aboard the French Guinea Ship, 
Teach mounted 46 guns, and called her 
Queen Anne's Revenge. Not long after he 
fell in with the Scarborough Man-of-War, 
who, after a long fight finding she could do 
no good with Teach, left him, and returned 
to Barbadoes, while Teach sailed to Spanish 
America. In his way, he met with Major 
Bonnet a Gentleman, formerly of a good 
estate in Barbadoes, in a small Sloop with 
which he had turned Pirate: But Teach 
finding Bonnet knew nothing of the matter, 
took him into his own Ship, and put one 
Richards Captain in his room, telling the 
Major, That he had not been us'd to the Fatigues 
of the Sea, he had better decline it, and take his 



pleasure aboard his Ship. At Turnissi they 
took in fresh water; but seeing a Sloop 
coming in, they ran to meet her, which 
struck her sail, upon the sight of the Black 
Flag, to Teach, who took the Captain and 
his men aboard, and put Israel Hands to 
mann the Sloop: From thence they sailed 
to the Bay, where they found a ship and 
four Sloops. Teach hoisted his Black Colours, 
at the Sight of which, the Captain and his 
men left the Ship, and ran into the woods. 
Teaches Quarter-Master, with some of his 
Men, took possession of her, and Richards 
secured the Sloops: One of which they 
burnt, because she belonged to Boston, 
where some of his Men had been hanged; 
but the others they let go after plundering 

From hence they sailed to the Grand 
Canaries, then to the Bahama Wrecks, 
and then to Carolina, where they took a 
Brigantine and two Sloops, lying off the Bar 
of Charles Town; as also a Ship bound for 
London, with some passengers aboard. 
The next Day they took another Vessel 



coming out, and two Pinks going in, and a 
Brigantine with negroes, in the Face of the 
Town; which put the Inhabitants into a 
sad fright, being in no condition to help 

Teach, alias Blackbeard, sent Richards along 
with Mr. Mark, one of the Prisoners, to de- 
mand a chest of medicines of the Governor, 
several of his Men being sick 
aboard; threatening otherwise to 
burn the Ships, and destroy all the 
prisoners, among whom was Mr. 
Samuel Wrag, one of his Council. 
Altho' this went very much against 
the inhabitants, yet they were forced 
to comply with it to save the lives 
of the many souls had in his custody. So 
sending him a chest worth about 3 or 4 
hundred Pounds, Richards went back safe 
to the ships with his booty; which as 
soon as Blackbeard had received, (for so 
I shall call him for the future) he let 
the ships and the prisoners go, having 
first taken 1500/. Sterling, and some pro- 
visions out of her. From thence they 



sailed to North Carolina, where he had 
thoughts of breaking up the company, and 
securing the money and the best of the 
effects for himself and friends. Accord- 
ingly he ran a-ground, as if it had been 
by accident, and calling Israel Hands to 
his assistance, he ran the Sloop ashore 
near the other, and so they were both 
lost. This done Black beard goes into 
the Revenge and maroons 17 men upon a 
desert island; where they must inevitably 
have perished, if Bonnet had not after 
taken them up. 

Blackbeard goes straight to the Governor 
of North Carolina, with Twenty of his Men, 
and pleads his Majesty's Pardon, and re- 
ceives Certificates thereupon. He went to 
his Sloop which lay at Okere-Cock Inlet, and 
set out for Sea upon another expedition, 
steering his Ship towards Bermudas. Meet- 
ing with one or two English Vessels in his 
way, he robb'd them only of provisions for 
his present occasion; but meeting with a 
French Ship laden with sugar and cocoa, 
he brought her home with her cargoe to 



North Carolina, where the Governor and 
the Pirates shared the plunder. He had 
no sooner arrived there, but he and four of 
his Men made affidavit, That they found the 
French Ship at Sea, without ever a Man on 
board; upon which she was condemned. 
The Governor had sixty bogheads of sugar 
for his dividend, his Secretary twenty, and 
the rest were shared amongst the other 
Pirates. And for fear the ship might be 
discovered by some that might come into 
the River, Blackbeard, under pretence that 
she was leaky, and might sink, obtained an 
order from the Governor to bring her out 
into the River, and burn her; which they 
did, and sunk her bottom. 

The Sloops trading in the River, being so 
often pillaged by Blackbeard, consulted with 
the traders what course to take, knowing it 
was in vain to make any application to the 
Governor ; therefore they sent a deputation 
to the Governor of Virginia, to sollicit a 
force from the Men-of-War to destroy this 
Pirate. Accordingly the Governor con- 
sulted with the Captains of the Pearl and 



Lime Men -of- War, which lay in St. James's 
River; whereupon it was agreed, That the 
Governor should have a couple of small 
Sloops, and they should be mann'd out of 
the Men of War, the Command of which 
was given to Mr. Robert Maynard, first 
Lieutenant of the Pearl. But before they 
sailed, it was agreed in Council, to offer a 
reward of 100/. for any one that should take 
Edward Teach, commonly called Blackbeard ; 
for every Lieutenant, Master, Quarter-Mas- 
ter, Boatswain, or Carpenter Twenty Pounds; 
For every inferior Officer, Fifteen Pounds; And 
for every Man taken on Board each Sloop, Ten 

Upon this, the Lieutenant sailed from 
James's River in Virginia, the 17th of 
November, 1718, and the 21st in the evening 
came to Okere-cock Inlet, where he had fight 
of the Pirate: And altho' this Expedition 
was made with all the Secrecy imaginable, 
yet Blackbeard had notice of it from the 
Governor of North Carolina and his Sec- 
retary: But having heard several false 
reports before, he gave the less credit 



to this, till he saw the Sloops; and then he 
put himself in a Posture of defence, with 
his 25 Men. 

Lieutenant Maynard came to an anchor 
that night, because the Channel was so 
intricate that there was no getting in, in the 
dark. In the Morning, coming within gun- 
shot of the Pirate, he received his fire: 
whereupon the Maynard stood directly to- 
wards him, endeavouring to make a running 
fight. Maynard's men being most exposed, 
he lost twenty at one broadside ; upon 
which he ordered his men under deck, 
and bid them get ready for close fighting 
upon the first signal. Then Blackbeard's 
men pour'd in grenadoes; after which, 
seeing no Hands aboard, he told his men 
they were all kill'd ; Let's jump in, and fall to 
Plunder: Which they had no sooner done, 
but the Lieutenant and his men gave them 
as unwelcome a reception as ever they met 
with before. The Lieutenant and Blackbeard 
fired first at each other, and then they went 
to it sword in hand, whilst the men on 
each side were as warmly engaged as their 



Captains, until the vessel was all over 
blood. Blackbeard stood it till he had received 
above twenty wounds, five of them being 
shots, before he fell down dead. Eight of 
his fourteen men being kill'd, and the other 
six being much wounded, they call'd for 
quarters; which was granted, and then the 
Lieutenant attacked with equal bravery the 
men that remained in the Sloop and took 

The Lieutenant caused Blackbeard' s head 
to be cut off, and hung at the bowsprit end ; 
with which he sailed to Bath Town to get 
his wounded men cured, and then began to 
rummage the Pirate Sloop, aboard which 
they found several Letters of Correspon- 
dence betwixt the Governor of North 
Carolina, his Secretary, and some Traders 
of New York and Blackbeard. Thereupon 
going to Bath Town in North Carolina, he 
seized in the Governors Store-house, the 
Sixty Hogsheads of Sugar, and Mr. Knight 
his Secretary's 20, which was their dividend 
of the plunder taken in the French Ship 

97 O 


After his Men were a little recovered, he 
returned to the Men-of-War in James's River 
in Virginia, with BlackbearcTs head hanging 
at his bowsprit, and 15 prisoners, 13 of 
whom were hanged, one of them being 
taken but the night before out of a trading 
Sloop: The other, not being in the fight, 
was taken at Bath Town, being just before 
disabled by Blackbeard in one of his drunken 

The night before he was killed, being 
ask'd if he should chance to be killed, 
whether his wife knew where his money 
was; he answered, That no-body but himself 
and the Devil, knew where it was, and the 
longest Liver should take all. 

The Names of the Pirates killed in the 
engagement were Edward Blackbeard, Com- 
mander; Philip Morton, Gunner; Garnet 
Gibbons, Boatswain ; Owen Roberts, Carpenter; 
Thomas Miller, Quarter-Master; John Husk, 
Joseph Curtice, Joseph Brooks, Nath. Jackson. 

The following, except the two last, were 
hanged, viz. : John Carnes, Jo. Brookes, jun., 



James Blake, John Gibbs, Thomas Gates, James 
White, Richard Styles, Cesar, Joseph Philip, 
James Robbins, John Maftyn, Edward Salter, 
Stephen Daniel, Richard Greensarl, Israel 
Hands, and Samuel Odel. 






THE Major was a Gentleman of Fortune 
and Distinction in the Island of Barbadoes, 
who before his Piracy bore the character 
of a worthy honest man, and no-body 
could ever account for this his undertaking, 
for he wanted neither learning nor under- 
standing. He fitted out a Sloop with ten 
guns and sixty men, which he named the 
Revenge, at his own expence, and sailed 
from Barbadoes for the Cape of Virginia, 
where he took the Anne from Glasgow, the 
Turbet from Barbadoes, the Endeavour from 
Bristol, the Young from Leith, and many 
others. From thence he went to New York, 



and there took a Sloop, and then stood in 
at Gardiner's Island where he bought pro- 
visions, and went off. August , 1717, he came 
off at the Bar of South Carolina, and took a 
Sloop and Brigantine, which they plundered, 
and then he dismissed the Brigantine, but 
took the Sloop with him to an Inlet in North- 
Carolina, where he careened, and set her 
on fire. 

Afterwards he put to sea, but could not 
agree with the men what course to take; 
for the Major being no sailor, was obliged 
to submit to many things his men imposed 
upon him, when falling in with Edward Teach, 
alias Blackbeard, who was a good sailor, but 
a hardened villain, Bonnet's Crew joined 
with him, and put Bonnet aboard Blackbeard's 

But Black beard losing his Ship at Topsail 
Inlet, surrendered to the King's Proclama- 
tion ; when Bonnet re-assumed the command 
of his own Sloop, and sailed directly for 
Bath Town in North-Carolina, where he also 
surrenders himself, and receives a certifi- 
cate. There getting a clearance for his 



Sloop, he pretended to sail for the Island 
of St. Thomas, to get the Emperor's Com- 
mission to go a-Privateering upon the 
Spaniards. But returning to Topsail Inlet, 
he found that Blackbeard and his gang were 
gone, with their effects; and that they had 
set on shore, on a small sandy island about 
a league from the continent, seventeen 
men, without any provisions, or vessel to 
escape. There they had been two nights 
and one day without any sustenance, when, 
to their inexpressible joy, they saw Major 
Bonnet, who had been informed of their 
being there by two of Blackbeard' s crew, 
who had escaped to avoid his cruelty. 

Then he steered his course towards 
Virginia, where meeting with a Pink having 
Provisions on board, and they being in want, 
he took out of her ten barrels of pork, and 
five hundredweight of bread, and gave her, 
in exchange, ten casks of Rice, and an old 

Two days after they took a Sloop of 
sixty tons, from which they took two 
hogsheads of rum, and two of molasses, 



and then put in her eight men, to take care 
of the Prize; but they not liking her new 
acquaintance took the first opportunity to 
get off with her. 

After this the Major threw off all re- 
straint, and became a downright Pirate, by 
the name of Captain Thomas, taking and 
plundering all the vessels he met with. He 
took off Gape Henry, two Ships from Virginia, 
bound to Glasgow; the next day a small 
Sloop from Virginia bound to Bermudas; 
from which they took twenty barrels of 
pork, and gave her in return, two barrels 
of rice, and as much, molasses. The next 
day they took another Virginia man, bound 
to Glasgow, out of which they took two men, 
and a few small things, and gave her a 
barrel of pork, and another of bread. 
From thence they sailed to Philadelphia, 
where they took a Schooner coming from 
North Carolina to Boston, from which they 
took two men, and two dozen of calves 
skins, to make covers for guns. In the 
latitude of 32, off of Delaware River, near 
Philadelphia, they took two Snows bound to 



Bristol, from which they took money and 
goods to the value of two hundred pounds; 
as also a Sloop of sixty tons, from Phila- 
delphia to Barbadoes, from which they took 
a few goods, and let her go. The 29th of 
July, they took a Sloop of fifty tons, bound 
from Philadelphia to Barbadoes, laden with 
provisions, which they kept ; as also another 
of sixty tons, from Antegoa to Philadelphia, 
having on board, rum, molasses, sugar, 
cotton and indigo, to the value of five hun- 
dred Pounds, all of which they kept. Then 
they left Delaware Bay, and sailed to Cape 
Fear River, where they staid almost two 
months to repair their Sloop, which proved 
very leaky, till news came to Carolina of a 
Pirate's Sloop, with her Prizes, being there 

Whereupon Colonel William Rhet offered 
to go with two Sloops to attack them ; which 
being by the Governor and Council ap- 
proved of, he was commissioned on board 
the Henry, with eight guns and seventy 
men, commanded by Captain John Mas- 
ters; and the Sea Nymph, commanded by 



Captain Farier-Hall, with as many guns 
and men ; both under the Direction of the 
Colonel, who went on board the Henry the 
14th of September, and sailed from Charles 
Town to Swillivant's Island, in order to 
cruise: where he was informed, by a small 
ship from Antegoa, which in sight of the 
Bar, was taken and plundered by Charles 
Vane, in a Brigantine of sixteen guns, and 
a hundred men; that he had taken two 
Sloops, one Captain Dill, Master, from 
Barbadoes; the other Captain Thompson, 
from Guinea, with seventy negroes, which 
they put on board one Yeats his consort, 
being a small Sloop with twenty-five men, 
who being weary of this course of life, ran 
into Edisto River, and surrender'd to his 
Majesty's Pardon, by which the owners 
got their negroes again, and Yeats and his 
men had their certificates sign'd. 

Vane cruised for some time thereabouts, 
in hopes to take Yeats, and be revenged on 
him; during which time, he took a ship 
bound to London, to whom he gave out, 
that he designed to go to the southward; 



which Colonel Rhet hearing, sailed over the 
Bar the 15th with the two Sloops, and went 
after the Pirate Vane; but not meeting with 
him, tack'd and stood for Cape Fear, accord- 
ing to his first Design; and on the 26th 
following he entered the River, where he 
saw Bonnet, and the three Sloops his Prizes, 
at anchor ; but the Pilot running the Sloops 
a-ground, hindered their getting up that 
Night. The Pirates seeing the Sloops, and 
not knowing who they were, mann'd three 
canoes, and sent them down to take them ; 
but finding their mistake, Bonnet took all 
the men out of the Prizes to engage them. 
Colonel Rhet's Sloops the next morning 
getting under sail, stood for the Pirates, 
who designed only to make a running fight ; 
but the Colonel getting upon his quarters, 
he edged in upon the shore, and ran his 
Sloop a-ground. The Colonel's Sloops were 
soon in the same condition : The Henry 
grounded within pistol-shot of the Pirate, 
on his bow; the other, right a-head of him, 
almost out of gun-shot, which made it of but 
very little use to the Colonel. By this time 



the Pirate had a very great advantage : For 
his Sloop lifted from Colonel Rhefs, which 
converted them all over; and the Colonel 
Sloop's lifting the same way, was much 
exposed for about five hours, whilst they 
lay a-ground. The Colonel's Sloop being 
first a-float, he got into deeper water, and 
after mending his rigging, he stood for the 
Pirate, to go directly on board him; which 
they prevented, by hoisting a flag of truce, 
and surrendering soon after. The Colonel 
lost in this action ten men, and had four- 
teen wounded. The Sea Nymph had two 
killed, and four wounded. Among the 
Pirates were none killed, and three were 
wounded. The next day the Colonel 
weighed from Cape Fear, and arrived at 
Charles Town the 3d of October, to the no 
small joy of the people of Carolina. 

There being no publick prison, Bonnet 
was committed into the custody of the 
marshal, and his Men were kept at the 
Watch-house under a strict guard; a little 
before the trial, David Harriot the Master, 

and Ignatius Rathe Boatswain, the evidences, 



were removed from the Crew, to the Mar- 
shals house, from whence on the 24th 
Bonnet and Harriott made their escape; 
which as soon as the Governor heard of, 
he published a Proclamation, promising a 
reward of 700/. to any one that would take 
him, and also sent several boats with armed 
men in pursuit of him. 

Bonnet stood to the northward, in a small 
vessel; but through stress of weather, and 
want of necessaries, he was forced to Swilli- 
vanfs Island. Of which information being 
given to the Governor, he sent for Colonel 
Rhet, and desired him once more to go in 
pursuit of him ; which the Colonel readily 
accepted of ; and having got all Things ready, 
went that Night for Swillivanfs Island, 
where, after a long search, he discovered 
them. After the Colonel's men had fired 
upon them, and killed Harriott, Bonnet imme- 
diately surrendered himself, and was, next 
Morning, brought back to Charles Town, and 
confined under a strong guard till his trial, 
which was hastened for fear he should give 

them the slip again. 



On the 28th of October, 1718, a Court of 
Vice- Admiralty was held at Charles Town, 
and, by several adjournments continued to 
the 12th of November following, by Nicholas 
Trot, Esq; Judge of the Vice-Admiralty, 
and Chief Judge of Carolina, and other 
Assistant Judges; where, after the King's 
Commission was read, and a Grand Jury 
sworn, Judge Trot gave them a learned 
Charge: And then the Grand Jury went 
out, and found the Bills; upon which, a 
Petit-Jury was sworn, and the following 
Persons were arraingn'd and try'd. 

Stede Bonnet, alias Edwards, alias Thomas, 
late of Barbadoes, Merchant. 

Robert Tucker, late of Jamaica, Merchant. 

Edward Robinson, late of Newcastle-upon- 
Tine, Mariner. 

Neal Peterson, late of Aberdeen, Mariner. 

William Scot, late of Aberdeen, Mariner. 

William Eddy, alias Neddy, late of Aberdeen, 

Alexander Ann and, late of Jamaica, Mari- 

George Rose, late of Glasgow, Mariner. 



George Dubin, late of Glasgow, Mariner. 
John Ridge, late of London, Mariner. 
Matthew King, late of Jamaica, Mariner. 
Daniel Perry, late of Guernsey, Mariner. 
Henry Virgin, late of Bristol, Mariner. 
James Rattle, alias Robbins, late of London, 

James Mullet, alias Millet, late of London, 


Thomas Price, late of Bristol, Mariner. 
James Wilson, late of Dublin, Mariner. 
John Lopez, late of Oporto, Mariner. 
Zachariah Long, late of the Province of 

Holland, Mariner. 
Job. Barley, late of London, Mariner. 
John William Smith, late of Charles Town 

in Carolina, Mariner. 
Thomas Carman, late of Maidstone in Kent, 


John Thomas, late of Jamaica, Mariner. 
William Morrison, late of Jamaica, Mar- 
Samuel Booth, late of Charles Town, 

William Howet, late of Jamaica, Mariner. 

113 H 


John Kent, late of North Carolina, Mariner. 

William Livres, alias Evis, late of Carolina, 

John Brier ly, alias Timberhead, late of Bath 
Town in North Carolina, Mariner. 

Robert Boyd, late of Bath Town in North 
Carolina, Mariner. 

Thomas Nicholas, late of London, Mari- 

Rowland Sharp, late of Bath Town, Mari- 

Jonathan Clark, late of Charles Town, 

Thomas Gerrard t late of Antegoa, Mari- 

All of whom, except the four last, were 
found Guilty, and received Sentence of 
Death, upon two Indictments, for Robbing 
upon the High Sea the Francis, Peter 
Manwaring, Commander; and for seizing, 
in a Piratical Manner, the Sloop Fortune, 
Thomas Read, Commander: To which they 
all pleaded Not Guilty, except James Wilson 
and John Levit, who pleaded Guilty to both 



Indictments, and Daniel Piercy to one only. 
Bonnet moved to go through both the Indict- 
ments at once ; but the Court overruling it, 
he was found Guilty of one, and retracted 
his Plea to the other. They made but little 
Defence, pretending they were taken off a 
Maroon Shore, and were shipped with Major 
Bonnet to go to St. Thomas's, but wanting 
provisions they were obliged to do what 
they did; and the Major himself pretended 
it was Necessity and not Inclination that com- 
pelled them to do it. But that not appearing, 
they having all shared ten or eleven Pounds 
a man, except the four last, they were all 
found Guilty. After which the Judge set 
forth the enormity of their Crimes: And 
then pronounced Sentence of Death upon 
the persons aforesaid, except Major Bonnet, 
who not being brought back in time, was 
not tried till the 10th of November; and 
being then also found Guilty, he received 
Sentence in like manner as the others; 
before whom Judge Trot made an excellent 
speech, saying afterwards. 

And now, having discharged my Duty as a 



Christian, I must do my Office as a Judge, 
which is 

You the said Stede Bonnet shall go from 
hence, to the Place from whence you came, and 
from thence to the Place of Execution, where you 
shall be hanged by the Neck till you are dead. 





WE are now going to give an account of one 
whose name is better known in England, 
than most of those whose histories we have 
already related; the person we mean is 
Captain Kid, whose public Trial and Exe- 
cution here, rendered him the subject of 
all conversation. 

In the beginning of King William's War, 
Captain Kid commanded a Privateer in the 
West-Indies, and by several adventurous 
actions acquired the reputation of a brave 
man, as well as an experienced seaman. 
About this time the Pirates were very 
troublesome in those parts, wherefore 
Captain Kid was recommended by the 



Lord Bellamont, then Governor of Bar- 
badoes, as well as by several other persons, 
to the Government here, as a person very 
fit to be entrusted with the command of 
a Government Ship, and to be employed in 
cruising upon the Pirates, as knowing those 
Seas perfectly well, and being acquainted 
with their lurking places ; but what reasons 
governed the politics of those times, I 
cannot tell, but this proposal met with no 
encouragement here, though it is certain it 
would have been of great consequence to 
the subject, our merchants suffering incredi- 
ble damages by those robbers. 

Upon this neglect the Lord Bellamont, 
and some others who knew what great 
captures had been made by the Pirates, 
and what a prodigious wealth must be in 
their possession, were tempted to fit out a 
ship at their own private charge, and to 
give the command of it to Captain Kid; 
and to give the thing a greater reputation, 
as well as to keep their seamen under the 
better command, they procured the King's 
Commission for the said Captain Kid. 



Captain Kid had also 'another Com- 
mission, which was called a Commission 
of Reprisals; for it being then War time, 
this Commission was to justify him in the 
taking of French Merchant Ships, in case he 
should meet with any. He sail'd out of 
Plymouth in May 1696, in the Adventure 
Galley of thirty guns, and eighty men ; the 
place he first designed for was New York; 
in his Voyage thither he took a French 
Banker, but this was no Act of Piracy, he 
having a Commission for that purpose, as 
we have just observed. 

When he arrived at New York he put up 
Articles for engaging more Hands, it being 
necessary to his Ship's crew, since he pro- 
posed to deal with a desperate enemy: The 
terms he offered were, that every man should 
have a share of what was taken, reserving 
for himself and Owners forty shares. Upon 
this encouragement he soon increas'd his 
company to a hundred and fifty five men. 

With this company he first sail'd for 
Maderas, where he took in wine and some 

other necessaries; from thence he pro- 



ceeded to Bonavist, one of the Cape de Verd 
Islands, to furnish the ship with salt, and 
from thence went immediately to St. Jago, 
another of the Cape de Verd Islands, in order 
to stock himself with provisions. When all 
this was done, he bent his course to Mada- 
gascar, the known rendezvous of Pirates ; in 
this way he fell in with Captain Warren, 
Commodore of three Men-of-War; he 
acquainted them with his design, kept 
them company two or three days, and 
then leaving them, made the best way for 
Madagascar, where he arrived in February 
1696, just nine months from his departure 
from Plymouth. 

It does not appear all this while that he 
had the least design of turning Pirate; for 

near Mahala and Joanna both 
he met with several Indian ships 
richly laden, to which he did not 
offer the least violence, tho' he 
was strong enough to have done 
what he pleas'd with them ; and 
the first outrage or depredation I find he 

committed upon mankind, was after his 



repairing his ship, and leaving Joanna; he 
touch'd at a place call'd Mabbee, upon the 
Red Sea, where he took some Guinea Corn 
from the natives, by force. 

After this he sail'd to Bab's Key, a Place 
upon a little Island at the entrance of the 
Red Sea; here it was that he first began to 
open himself to his ship's company, and let 
them understand that he intended to change 
his measures; for, happening to talk of the 
Moca Fleet, which was to sail that way, he 
said We have been unsuccessful hitherto, but 
courage, my Boys, we'll make our fortunes out 
of this Fleet: And finding that none of them 
appear'd averse to it, he ordered a boat out, 
well mann'd, to go upon the coast to make 
discoveries, commanding them to take a 
prisoner and bring to him, or get intelli- 
gence any way they could. The boat 
return'd in a few days, bringing him word, 
that they saw fourteen or fifteen ships ready 
to sail, some with English, some with Dutch, 
and some with Moorish Colours. He there- 
fore order'd a man continually to watch at 
the mast-head, least this Fleet should go 



by them ; and about four days after, towards 
evening, it appear'd in sight, being convoy'd 
by one English and one Dutch Man-of-War. 
Kid soon fell in with them, and getting into 
the midst of them, fir'd at a Moorish ship 
which was next him; but the Men-of-War 
taking the Alarm, bore down upon Kid, and 
firing upon him, obliged him to sheer off, 
he not being strong enough to contend with 
them. Now he had begun hostilities, he 
resolv'd to go on, and therefore he went and 
cruis'd along the coast of Malabar ; the first 
Prize he met was a small vessel belonging 
to Aden, the vessel was Moorish, and the 
Owners were Moorish Merchants, but the 
Master was an Englishman, his name was 
Parker. Kid forc'd him and a Portugueze that 
was call'd Don Antonio, which were all the 
Europeans on Board, to take on with them ; 
the first he design'd as a pilot, and the last 
as an interpreter. He also used the men 
very cruelly, causing them to be hoisted up 
by the arms, and drubb'd with a naked 
cutlass, to force them to discover whether 
they had money on board, and where it 



lay; but as they had neither gold nor 
silver on board, he got nothing by his 
cruelty; however, he took from them a 
bale of pepper, and a bale of coffee, and 
so let them go. 

Soon after this he came up with a Moorish 
Ship, the Master whereof was a Dutchman, 
call'd Schipper MitcheL and chased her under 
French Colours, which they observing, hoisted 
French Colours too : When he came up with 
her, he hail'd her in French, and they having 
a Frenchman on board, answer'd him in 
the same language; upon which he order'd 
them to send their boat on board ; they 
were oblig'd to do so, and having examin'd 
who they were, and from whence they 
came; he ask'd the Frenchman, who was 
a passenger, if he had a French pass for 
himself ? The Frenchman gave him to 
understand that he had. Then he told the 
Frenchman he must pass for Captain, and 
by God, says he, you are the Captain: The 
Frenchman durst not refuse doing as he 
would have him : The meaning of this was, 
that he would seize the Ship as fair Prize, 



and as if she belonged to French Subjects, 
according to a commission he had for that 
purpose ; tho', one would think, after what 
he had already done, that he need not have 
recourse to a quibble to give his actions a 

In short, he took the cargoe and sold it 
some time after, yet still he seem'd to have 
some fears upon him least these proceed- 
ings should have a bad end ; for, coming up 
with a Dutch Ship some time, when his 
men thought of nothing but attacking her, 
Kid oppos'd it ; upon which a mutiny arose, 
and the majority being for taking the said 
ship, and arming themselves to man the 
boat to go and seize her, he told them, such 
as did, never should come on Board him 
again ; which put an end to the design, so 
that he kept company with the said ship 
some time, without offering her any 
violence : However, this dispute was the 
occasion of an accident, upon which an 
indictment was afterwards grounded against 
Kid ; for Moor, the Gunner, being one day 
upon deck, and talking with Kid about the 


said Dutch Ship, some words arose betwixt 
them, and Moor told Kid, that he had ruin'd 
them all ; upon which, Kid, calling him Dog, 
took up a bucket and struck him with it, 
which breaking his skull, he died the next 

But Kid's penitential fit did not last long, 
for coasting along Malabar, he met with 
a great number of boats, all which he 
plunder'd. Upon the same Coast he also 
lit upon a Portugueze Ship, which he kept 
possession of a week, and then having 
taking out of her some chests of Indian 
goods, thirty jars of butter, and some 
wax, iron, and a hundred bags of rice, he 
let her go. 

The Adventure Galley was now so old 
and leaky, that they were forced to keep 
two pumps continually going, wherefore 
Kid shifted all the guns and tackle out of 
her into the Queda Merchant, intending her 
for his Man-of-War; and as he had divided 
the Money before, he now made a division 
of the remainder of the cargo: Soon after 
which, the greatest part of the company 



left him, some going on board Captain 
Culliford, and others absconding in the 
Country, so that he had not above forty 
men left. 

He put to sea and happened to touch at 
Amboyna, one of the Dutch Spice Islands, 
where he was told, that the news of his 
Actions had reach'd England, and that he 
was there declared a Pirate. 

The truth on't is, his Piracies so alarmed 
our Merchants, that some motions were 
made in Parliament, to enquire into the 
commission that was given him, and the 
persons who fitted him out: These pro- 
ceedings seem'd to lean a little hard upon 
the Lord Bellamont, who thought himself so 
much touch'd thereby, that he published a 
Justification of himself in a pamphlet after 
Kid's execution. In the mean time, it was 
thought advisable, to publish a Proclama- 
tion, offering the King's free Pardon to all 
such Pirates as should voluntarily surrender 
themselves, whatever Piracies they had 
been guilty of at any time, before the last 
day of April, 1699 That is to say, for all 



Piracies committed Eastward of the Cape of 
Good Hope, to the Longitude and Meridian 
of Socatora, and Cape Camorin. In which 
Proclamation, Avery and Kid were excepted 
by Name. 

When Kid left Amboyna he knew nothing 
of this Proclamation, for certainly had he 
had notice of his being excepted in it, he 
would not have been so infatuated, to run 
himself into the very jaws of danger; but 
relying upon his interest with the Lord 
Bellamont, and fancying, that a French Pass 
or two he found on board some of the ships 
he took, would serve to countenance the 
matter, and that part of the booty he got 
would gain him new friends I say, all 
these things made him flatter himself that 
all would be hushed, and that justice would 
but wink at him. Wheref or he sail'd directly 
for New York, w^ere he was no sooner 
arrived, but by the Lord Bellamont's orders, 
he was secured with all his papers and 
effects. Many of his fellow-adventurers 
who had forsook him at Madagascar, came 
over from thence passengers, some to New 

129 I 


England and some to Jersey; where hearing 
of the King's Proclamation for pardoning 
of Pirates, they surrendered themselves to 
the Governor of those places : At first they 
were admitted to bail, but soon after were 
laid in strict confinement, where they were 
kept for some time, till an opportunity 
happened of sending them with their Gap- 
tain over to England to be tried. 

Accordingly a Sessions of Admiralty 
being held at the Old Daily, in May, 1701, 
Captain Kid, Nicholas Churchill, James How, 
Robert Lumley, William Jenkins, Gabriel Loff, 
Hugh Parrot, Richard Barlicorn, Abel Owens, 
and Darby Mullins, were arraingn'd for 
Piracy and Robbery on the High Seas, 
and all found guilty, except three; these 
were Robert Lumley, William Jenkins, and 
Richard Barlicorn, who proving them- 
selves to be apprentices to some of the 
officers of the ship, and producing their 
Indentures in Court, were acquitted. 

Kid was tried upon an indictment of 
Murder also, viz. for killing Moor the 
Gunner, and found guilty of the same. 



Nicholas Churchill and James How pleaded 
the King's Pardon, as having surrendered 
themselves within the time limited in the 
Proclamation, and Colonel Bass, Governor 
of West Jersey, to whom they surrendered, 
being in Court, and called upon, proved the 
same ; however, this plea was over-ruled by 
the Court, because there being four Com- 
missioners named in the Proclamation, it 
was adjudged no other person was qualified 
to receive their surrender, and that they 
could not be intitled to the benefit. 

As to Captain Kid's Defence, he insisted 
much upon his own innocence, and the 
villany of his men; he said he went out 
in a laudable employment and had no 
occasion, being then in good circumstances, 
to go a-Pirating; that the men often muti- 
nied against him, and did as they pleas'd; 
that he was threatened to be shot in his 
cabin, and that ninety five left him at one 
time, and set fire to his boat, so that he 
was disabled from bringing his ship home, 
or the Prizes he took, to have them regularly 
condemn'd, which he said were taken by 



virtue of a commission under the broad 
seal, they having French Passes The Cap- 
tain called one Col. Hew son to his Repu- 
tation, who gave him an extraordinary 
character, and declared to the Court, that 
he had served under his command, and 
been in two engagements with him against 
the French, in which he fought as well as 
any man he ever saw ; that there were only 
Kid's Ship and his own against Monsieur du 
Cass, who commanded a squadron of six 
sail, and they got the better of him, but 
this being several years before the facts 
mentioned in the Indictment were com- 
mitted, prov'd of no manner of service to 
the Prisoner on his Trial. 

A.S to the friendship shown to Culliford, 
a notorious Pirate, Kid denied, and said, he 
intended to have taken him, but his men 
being a parcel of rogues and villains 
refused to stand by him, and several of 
them ran away from his ship to the said 
Pirate. But the evidence being full and 
particular against him, he was found Guilty 
as before mentioned. 



When Kid was asked what he had to say 
why Sentence should not pass against him, 
he answered, That he had nothing to say, but 
that he had been sworn against by perjured 
wicked People. And when Sentence was 
pronounced, he said, My Lord it is a very 
hard Sentence. For my part I am the inno- 
centest Person of them all, only I have been 
sworn against by perjured Persons. 

Wherefore about a week after, Capt. 
Kid, Nicholas Churchill, James How, Gabriel 
Loff, Hugh Parrot, Abel Owen, and Darby 
Mullins, were executed at Execution Dock, 
and afterwards hung up in Chains, at some 
distance from each other, down the river, 
where their Bodies hung exposed for many 





EDWARD ENGLAND went Mate of a Sloop that 
sailed out of Jamaica, and was taken by 
Winter , a Pirate, from whom he had the 
Command of a Sloop just before their 
Settlement at Providence. The man was 
brave and good natured, and far from being 
cruel, as most of them are; and would not 
have committed such barbarous actions 
as he did, had not his comrades compelled 
him to it. 

He sailed to the Coast of Africa, after the 
Island of Providence was inhabited by the 
English. In his Passage he took several 
Ships, particularly the Cadogan Snow be- 
longing to Bristol, one Skinner Master, who 



was murdered by those very men who had 
formerly served under him, upon a quarrel 
that happened between Skinner and them, 
about their wages: He shipped them on board 
a Man-of-War, from whence they deserted, 
and went on board a ship in the West-Indies, 
where they were taken by a pirate, and 
brought to Providence, and then they sailed 
htiw Captain England a-Pirating. 

As soon as Skinner came on board, he saw 
his old Boatswain, who said, Ah! Captain 
Skinner is it you, I am much in your Debt, and 
now I shall pay you in your own Coin. These 
words put the Captain in a panic Fear: 
And indeed he had Reason enough to be 
afraid, for they immediately seized him, 
bound him to the Windlass, pelted him with 
Glass Bottles, afterwards whipt him about 
the Deck, and then said, because he had 
been a good Master, he should have an 
easy Death, and so shot him through the 
Head; the vessel and her Cargoe being 
given to Howel Davis. 

After this England went into an Harbour 
to clean his Ship, and also fitted up the 



Peterborough, which he called the Victory. 
Then putting out to sea, they sailed for the 
East-Indies, and took Madagascar, by the 
Way. From thence, after taking in water 
and provisions, they went for Malabar, in 
the Empire of the Mogul. Here they took 
several Indian Vessels, and one European, 
a Dutch Ship, which they exchanged for 
one of their own, and then came back to 
Madagascar, were they sent several Hands 
on shore to kill venison, and then resolved 
to seek out for the remains of Avery's 
Crew; but returning without success, they 
being settled on the other side, they stay'd 
no longer than till they had cleaned their 
ships, and then sailed to Juanna. 

In the Year 1720, the Bombay Fleet, con- 
sisting of four Grabs, the London Chandois, 
and some other ships, carried 1000 Men 
to bombard and batter Gapra, a fort belong- 
ing to Angria, on the Malabar Coast; which 
they not being able to do, fell in with the 
Pirates, in their return to Bombay: But 
Captain Upton the Commodore, having no 
orders, would not engage them ; which so 



provoked the Governor, for missing so 
favourable an opportunity of cutting the 
Pirates all off, that he gave the command 
to Captain Mackra, with orders to fight 
them wherever he met with them. 

But the Pirates proceeded to the south- 
ward, and took a small ship out of Orincro 
Road, with a Dutch and two Portuguese Men 
on board, one of which they sent to the 
Captain, to inform him, that if he would 
supply them with provisions and water he 
should have his ship again. But the Master 
would not agree to it ; thereupon they sent 
other persons ashore, and swore he should 
be the last man they would give quarter 
to, and so put directly for Laccadeva Island, 
and arrived there in three days. But 
being informed by a Menckew, there was 
no anchor-ground there, they went to the 
next Island, called Melincha, whence they 
were driven by a storm, leaving behind 
them a hundred people, and all their 
water-casks: But in a week's time, they 
regained the island, took their people on 
board, and filled the water -casks. Pro- 



visions being scarce, they resolved to visit 
the Dutch at Cochin, and after three days 
sail, arrived off of Tellechery, where they 
took a small Vessel belonging to Governor 
Adams; who giving an account of Captain 
Mackra's fitting out against them, put them 
into a grievous passion. 

Afterward they arrived at Mauritius, 
where they refitted the Victory, and then 
sailed the 5th of April for Madagascar, 
but called first at the Island Mascarine, at 
which they found a Portugueze ship of 
seventy guns at anchor, disabled by a 
violent storm, so that they easily became a 
Prize to the Pirates. She had on board the 
Conde Ereceira Vice-Roy of Goa, also they 
found on board her, in diamonds only, to 
the value of four millions of Dollars. They 
made the Vice-Roy a prisoner; but in con- 
sideration of his losses^ accepted of a ran- 
som of 2000 dollars and then set him and 
his followers ashore. Learning that an 
Ostender was on the leeward of that Island, 
they sailed and took her, and sent her to 
Madagascar with news of their success, 



where they followed themselves soon after, 
with two hundred Mozambique Negroes in 
the Portugueze Ship. 

When Taylor came with the Portugueze 
Prize to Madagascar, they found that the 
Ostender had made his men drunk, and 
seized his ship, which they carried to the 
Mozambique; from thence the Governor 
ordered her to Goa. But the Pirates staid 
and clean'd the Cassandra, and divided very 
great plunder. Some, who thought they had 
got enough, staid at Madagascar, and the rest, 
having no occasion for two ships, burnt the 
Victory, she being leaky, and went on board 
the Cassandra, under the Command of 
Captain Taylor, designing to go for Cochin 
to dispose of his diamonds, amongst his old 
Friends the Dutch, and also to avoid the 
dangers of the Men-of-War that were in 
pursuit of them. But as he was preparing 
to sail, and heard of four Men-of-War 
coming after him; therefore he altered his 
mind, and sailed for the Main of Africa, 
and put in at Delagoa: But the Pirates were 
surprized in the evening with some shot 



from the shore. They took it for a desert 
shore, but it proved otherwise; for a 
few months before, the Dutch East India 
Company had settled one hundred men 
upon it, who, not being supplied with 
necessaries, were reduced to about sixteen; 
whom Taylor, upon their humble petition 
took aboard, and they all became Pirates 
with him. 

Here they stayed about four months, 
careened their ships, and left Delagoa the 
latter end of December: But not agreeing 
among themselves, they parted those who 
were weary of that sort of life, went on 
board the Portugueze Prize, and sailed for 
Madagascar; the others went on board the 
Cassandra, and sailed for the Spanish West 
Indies. The Mermaid Man-of-War, which 
was a convoy to some Merchant-men, about 
30 leagues distance, would have gone to 
attack them, had not the Merchants, whom 
he had the care of, declar'd their protection 
was of more service than destroying the 
Pirates ; and so he was oblig'd to be content 
with only dispatching the news of it to 



Jamaica. This brought down the Lanceston, 
though it was a day or two too late, for they 
had just before surrendered, with all their 
riches, to the Governor of Porto-Bello, where 
they now live upon their Spoils, saying, 
others would have done as much, had they 
had the same opportunity; swearing, That 
whatever Robberies they had committed they 
are not the only Rogues in the World; for that 
the South-Sea* did more Mischief in one Year, 
than they were able to do in their whole Lives. 

* The South-Sea Bubble. 







JOHN Gow, alias Smith, was born at a place 
called Caristoun, in the Orkney Islands, and 
was brought up a sailor from his youth, 
having served on board several Men-of- 
War, and last of all on board the Suffolk, 
along with T. Swan, who was engaged with 
him in the conspiracy to murder Captain 
Ferneau, and seize the ship and cargoe, as 
they went off the Texel, but they were pre- 
vented by James Belvin, who was led into 
the secret and discovered it. Captain 
Ferneau taking little notice of it, contented 
himself with turning off Swan, and preferred 
Gow to be second Mate and Gunner. 



They sailed on board the George Galley, 
August the 1st, 1724, from the Texel to 
Santa Cruz, having 15000/ on board, when 
Gow designed to have seized the Ship as 
they went out, but could not get a party 
strong enough to join with him, till he 
worked up a misunderstanding between 
the Captain and part of the crew, con- 
cerning the provisions of the ship, par- 
ticularly Winter, Peterson, and Mc.Cawley, 
who came upon the Quarter-Deck, in 
presence of the Owners, just before they 
sailed, and made a long complaint against 
the Captain ; who assured them that if there 
was any wrong done them, it was not by his 
consent; and that he would enquire into it 
as soon as they had unmoored the ship. 

About eight a clock at night, Captain 
Ferneau, as usual, called them up to prayers 
in the great Cabin, and then set the watch, 
and went to sleep, little thinking his end 
was so near, when Winter, Rawlisson, and 
Melvin, begun the scene of blood, Gow 
lying snug in his hammock, as if he knew 
nothing of the matter, till he saw whether 



the villany would succeed, or not. Winter 
cut the Doctor's throat as he was asleep in 
his hammock, and then went up to Melvin 
and Rawlisson, who in the mean time had 
seized the Captain and cut his throat also, 
but not touching the windpipe, Gow stept 
up and shot him with a brace of bullets, 
and then threw him over-board. Mc.Cawley 
cut Stephen Algiers the Clerk's throat, as he 
lay in the hammock, and Williams shot him 
dead afterwards. Peterson cut the throat 
of Bonaventure Jelphs, the Chief Mate; and 
Michael Moor, at the Command of Williams. 
shot him. 

After this Williams came upon the Quar- 
ter-Deck, and saluted Gow with Captain 
Ferneau's sword, first striking it upon one 
of the guns, and saying, Welcome Captain 
Gow, welcome to your new Command. After 
which, Gow told the men, That if any of 
them durst murmur or cabal together, they 
must expect to meet with the same Fate; 
and then calling a Council, they agreed to 
go, Upon the Account, as they called it. 

They called the ship the Revenge, and 



mounted six more of her guns, she being 
able to carry four and twenty tin all. But 
instead of going to Genoa as intended, they 
sailed for the coasts of Spain and Portugal, 
in hopes of getting a ship laden with wine, 
to keep up their spirits; but all was alike 
they met with; and instead of wine, they 
contented themselves with fish, which they 
took out of a ship called the Delight of Poole, 
Thomas Wise, Master, bound from New- 
England to Cadiz, out of which they took 
the men, and what they wanted, and then 
sunk the Ship, to prevent their being dis- 
covered to the English Men-of-War who lay 
in the Straights. 

On the 18th of December, they took the 
Snow-Galley, out of which Grew they kept 
Rob, and discharged the Captain and the 
rest of the men, after having plundered 
the Ship of the arms, ammunition, cloth, 
provisions, sails, anchors, cables, and then 
let her go. 

By this time, they were got a great way 
to the southward; and being in want of 
water as well as wind, they agreed to go 



to Maderas, which Island they made in two 
days, cruising about it near a week, ex- 
pecting some vessel to come in or come out ; 
but the Country discovering what they were, 
they were disappointed in their attempts. 
Then they stood away for Porto Santa, where 
they put up British Colours, and sent their 
Boat ashore with a compliment to the 
Governor, desiring leave to Water, and 
buy some refreshments; which he readily 
agreed to, and went with them to pay the 
English Captain a Visit, who received him 
in a very grand Manner. But the refresh- 
ments not coming as expected, he at length 
told him he was his Prisoner, and must 
remain so till the provisions were come on 
board, which was not till next day, when 
Gow discharged him, giving him three 
Cerons of Bees-wax, and three Guns at 
his going away. 

Having now got provisions, they agreed 
to return to the Coasts of Spain and Portugal; 
where they had not been above two days, 
before they met with the Batchelor, Benjamin 
Cross Master, from New-England bound to 



Cadiz; out of which they took Cross and his 
Men, and gave the Ship to Captain Wise, as 
also 24 Cerons of Bees-wax to him and his 
mate, and to his four men 8 Cerons. 
After this they took a French Ship from 
Cadiz, loaded with wine, oil, and fruit, 
which was what they wanted, and manned 
her with their own men, taking on board 
the Revenge the French Master, and his 12 
Men, and most Part of the cargoe, with 
five guns and their carriages, ammunition, 
small arms, and sails, and gave the ship 
to Somerville, Captain of the Snow Galley; and 
to Captain Cross the New-English Man, to 
who they gave half the ship and cargoe and 
Somerville had all his Men, but Alexander 
Rob, whom they detained, and who was exe- 
cuted in 1725, for engaging along with them. 
Soon after they saw a large ship to the 
windward bearing down upon them, which 
at first they thought to have been a Portu- 
gueze Man-of-War; but they found after- 
wards, it was a French Merchant Ship 
coming home from the West-Indies, which 
not fearing them, came on to the windward. 



Gow perceiving she was a Ship of great 
strength, called all his men together, telling 
them they had a great many prisoners on 
board, and that he could not trust many of 
his own men; besides, six of his best Hands 
were on Board the other Ship, therefore he 
advised them not to meddle with her, she 
being far superior in Force. This so ex- 
asperated Williams, that he demanded of 
Gow to give his orders for fighting; but 
he, by the advice of the whole crew, 
declined it; whereupon Williams snapt his 
pistol at his Face; which not going off, 
made him still madder. Winter and Peterson 
standing by him fired each a Pistol at 
Williams, one shooting him through the 
arm, and the other in the belly; at which 
he fell, and they believing he was killed, 
were going to throw him overboard, when 
he leapt up, and ran into the Powder-Room, 
with his pistol cocked in his hand, swear- 
ing he would blow them all up; which he 
had certainly done, had they not prevented 
him that very moment, he having opened 
the scuttle to do it. 



They immediately put % him in irons, and 
hand-cuffed him, and then put him between 
decks, in a place prepared for prisoners. 

Two days after this, they took the 
Triumvirate, a Bristol Sloop, Joel Davis 
Master, bound from Newfoundland to Oporto, 
with fish ; from whence they took all her 
provisions, arms, sails, and two of her 
men, and then let her go with the rest, 
and all her cargoe. Not knowing what to 
do with Williams, they resolved to put him 
on board them, and send him away, for fear 
of further danger, ordering the Master to 
put him on board the first English man of 
War he should meet with, to hang him for 
Piracy; which when Williams found they 
were resolved to do, he made all the sub- 
mission he w y as able to Captain Gow, begging 
for pardon, knowing if he was carried to 
Lisbon he should meet with his deserts. But 
all his entreaties would not do, he was brought 
up double fettered, when he begged they 
would throw him into the sea, and drown 
him, rather than give him up to be hanged 
in chains, which he knew he deserved from 



the Portuguese as well as English. This made 
many of them begin to relent and pity him ; 
but considering his savage disposition, they 
knew there was no safety to keep him on 
board, and so resolved to let him go, and 
give him a hearty curse at parting, wishing 
him a safe voyage to the gallows, not dream- 
ing that they themselves should accompany 

The Bristol Captain obeyed their orders, 
and as soon as he came to Lisbon put him 
on board the Argyle man of War, Captain 
Bowler Commander, who brought him home 
not above three days before Gow and his 
Crew came to keep him company. 

In the middle of last January, they arrived 
at Caristoun in the Isles of Orkney, when Gow 
gave them instructions, what account they 
should give of themselves to the people of 
the country, to avoid suspicion. But now 
began their misfortunes, for several of their 
men began to think of making their escape, 
the first was one Read, who took an oppor- 
tunity to get away when the boat went 
ashore, who went to a farm-house which 



lay under a hill where he hired a horse 
and rode to Kirkwall, a market town about 
twelve miles off, where he informed them 
what they were ; whereupon they raised 
the Country to defend themselves. The 
Pirates soon hearing what was done, ten 
more of them went away with the long- 
boat, making the best of their way for 
Scotland, who were some time after taken in 
the Frith of Edinburgh, and made Prisoners. 
This so provoked Gow, that he resolved 
to plunder the Country, be the consequence 
what it would, and in order thereto, he sent 
Belvin his Boatswain, with Rob and Four 
more, to iMr. Honnyman's house, the Sheriff, 
who not being at home, his Servants let 
them in, not suspecting their design. They 
immediately fell to work, but Mr. Honny- 
mari's Daughter had the presence of mind 
to hide the money in a tub of feathers, till 
she found an opportunity to carry it away, 
by the contrivance of Alexander Rob, who 
was placed centinel at the door. But when 
the Boatswain found the treasure was gone, 
Gow having before told them where it 


lay, he swore he would burn the house, -and 
all that was in it, which the young Lady hear- 
ing, she runs to the Charter-room where the 
Treasure lay, and threw it out of the Window, 
jumping herself after. However, they plun- 
dered the house of about fifty pounds, and 
some plate, and then forced a servant who 
played on the bag-pipes, to pipe before them 
to the ship, whom they also detained, and 
was brought along with them to the Mar- 
shalsea, where he was sick till his release. 

The next day they weighed anchor, and 
came to Calf-Sound, where the boatswain 
went ashore again with four armed Men, 
meeting with no Plunder. From thence 
they went to the Island of Eda, to plunder 
the house of Mr. Fea, whom Gow had 
formerly been School - fellow with, and 
knowing him to be a Man of Courage, 
believed that the Alarm at Caristoun had 
drawn him thither: But Mr. Fed's wife at 
that Time being very sick in Bed, kept him 
at home, and having notice of them he 
sent a letter to Gow by James Laing, to 
desire him to withdraw, assuring him that 



most of the inhabitants were fled to the 
mountains on the report of his being a 
Pirate, desiring him to send the messenger 
safe back, at whose return the affrights of 
the people would be over. Gow sent him 
word back, that he would write to nobody, 
but if Mr. Fea would send his men with a 
Boat, he would reward them handsomely, 
which Mr. Fea hearing, he ordered his great 
Boat to be staved, and sunk, and the sails 
to be carried out of sight. In the mean 
time, perceiving Gow's boat come on 
shore, with five men in it, well armed, he 
met them, and said if they would go to a 
Publick House in the neighbourhood, and 
take a cup of ale with him, he would see 
what he could do to serve them, which they 
agreed to, seeing Mr. Fea was all alone, not 
suspecting any danger. Mr. Fea had before 
given orders for half a dozen men, well 
armed, to lie in ambush to surprize them, 
which being done, Mr. Fea sent to Mr. 
Gow to let him know, that the country was 
alarmed, and that it would be his best way 
peaceable to surrender, which Gow did in 



a day or two, thinking thereby to make 
himself an evidence ; but it would not do, 
although he complied so far as to delude 
all his men ashore one after another, who 
would certainly have cut his throat, had 
they known of any ways afterwards to have 

They were put on board the Greyhound, 
which delivered them into the Marsha/sea, 
March 30, 1714, where they continued till 
June following, when eight of them were 
hanged at Execution Dock, viz. John Gow, 
James Williams, James Belvin, John Winter, 
Peter Rawlisson, Daniel Mc.Cawley, William 
Ingram, for another Piracy under Anstis, 
and a month afterwards Alexander Rob 
was hanged for Piracy under Gow.