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Digitized by 


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/a:^D COL^LGL Ll[iru\nV 

''c^-) t 


Ant who had seen the world, 6S, 65« 

77, 89, 101 
I)o((, the, and his friends^ 37 45 
Eves and no eyes, 385, 3»7, 409, 422, 

433, 4i5 
ITow to make the best of it, 6 
Uow the beasts had a Ulk, 101, 113, 

126, 137. 149, 157, 165, iBl, 193 
Kid, the, 289. 301, 313 
Life and times of a cat| 340, 361, 373, 

Han who wm fonnd ont, 201, 209, 217, 

225, 233, 2il, 949, 267 
New way to pay old debU, 326, 337 
Show and ose ; or, the two gifts, 517, 

Squirrel who woold go fhmi home, 


Bight place and wrong place, 266 

The boy who did not want anything, 

The ddU boy. 481, 493, 605, 517 

Tit for Ut, 541, 552 

Corr«$poHding 8tj/U, 

Broken chess-pawn, 618, 530 

Duke, the, and the bagman, 140 

Emigrant's story, 45 

Faith, Hope, and Lore, 483 

First offence, 494. 606 

Mother and daughter, 66, 78, tO, 102 

PUyfellow, 6, 18, 29, 37 

Rash dbed, 64 

Sclf-Culture, 167, 166, 173, 182, 193, 
201, 209, 217, 226, 233, 241, 249, 
257, 266. 278, 290, 302, 314, 326, 
838, 360, 962, 374, 886, S98, 410, 

Ten Pounds, 484, 416, 4S8, 4^, 481 
That which money oannol buy, 631, 

Tradition of 1688, 114^ 116, 188 


American reriTaUsts, 804, 816i 888, 

340. 362, 364 
Artist and the oritlo, 80 
Braie dwarC 68 
Dean Stanley on CalTin, Galileo, and 

Shakspere, 184, 194u 202, 210,218 
Mr Gladstone on mental culture, 418, 

436, 418, 460, 472, 484 
Mason's, Sir Josiah, new Collage at 

Birmingham, 188, 140, 160, 168, 

Morgan'a, Osboma, addreit to liia 

oonstittMuUf 88« 46, M 

Btfpotten, aadffit and modem, 880 
Samons to- 
All things work together for good, 

116^ 128 
Forgivenest of sins, 876- 
God alone the tonl'a a»iiafyii^ 

portiou, 92, 104 
InheriUnce of the aainta, 406, 60 
Joy in Christ, 388, 400 
Mortal body and immortal aosL 

Veceasity of good work*, 810, 63S 
Perfect peace, 20, 30 
Present suffering and fbtors 

glory, 248, 260 
Sin blotted out, 266, 268 
Bins of believers, 632, 644, 668 
Spiritual growth, 80, 92 
Sympathy of Christ, SOS, 804 
TaUay af the shadow oi dsath,8 

h. Y- }hXOii^ 

Printed by Isaac Pitmik, t^lioneiio IniiitiiU, Kingston boildmgt, Btik. 

Digitized by 



Articles marked (♦) are in Bomanic Spelling, 

* Aet tat tbe unendinent of the or- 

thography (^•Dmaiaes hj PunAj 

* Actors, shorthand for, 206 [602 

* AdTanoement of education, 603. 

* Advantages of shorthand, 418 

* Advertisements, 27 
Alexandra palace, 367 
Amber, 373 
Andrew Marrel, 63 

* Annual address to the members of 

tbe Phonetic Societj, 1 
Antiquarian, a puzzled, 238 
Apostles' Creea, 262 
Armed peace, 74 
AKesian wells, 396 

* Artisan's education, 13, 43, 186 
Asses' bridge, 408 
Bad writing, 100 

* Bailer J. £., letter on shorthand 

authors, 538 ; essaj on John Bj- 
Bargain, the, 341 [rom, 100, 121 

Bath, 324, 406 
Beckford, 9 

* Bee, a speUing, 189, 238, 479 
Biographical sketches :— 

BurriU Elihu, 353 
Cobbett WUIiam, 231 
Franklin Benjamin, 196 
Frj Elizabeth, 307 
Howard John, 136 
Biohard Henry, M.P., 163 
Wright TbomM, 287 
Birds, feeding them in winter, 95 
Books, selling by agency or subscrip- 
tion, 100 

* Boxes ; or, the pussled Frenchman, 
Boxing ears, 175 [50 
Brahmin, the polluted, 284 
Bread-making, lesson in, 175 

* Bright Timothy, the first English 

shorthand author, 638 
Brougham, Lord. 122 
Banyan and Milton, 521 
Boms, Dr, as a teetotaler, 421 
Borritt Elihu; biographical sketch of, 


* Byrom Jqhn ft shorthand, 109, 121 ; 

contributions to the " Spectator," 
Bylron's mother, 28 [130 

Cambridge, Duke of, v. historr, 64 
Canaries, Queen Elizabeth's^ 100 

* « Chambers's Edinburgh Journal " 

on the Spelling Reform, 646 
Charms of home, 320 
China and Japan, 203 

* Chinese language, 247 
Circle, squaring the, 39 

Cobbett W., biographical sketch of, 

Cold, a bad, how to catch and core, 
Collie the bankrupt, 324 [636 

* Coltman beries of Spelling Betorm 

tracU, 443, 464, 466, 466, 474, 479, 
480, 489, 602, 616, 628, 633, 646, 

Oonunon errors in speaking and writ- 
ing, 286, 317 

Oonaoientiousness in work, 47 

* Copy for shorthand, 214 
Crsbbe, the poet, 269 
Cxhne, prevention of, 82 
CriminiOs, a mother of, 832 

* Criticism on phonetic spelling, 475 
CrooodUe battery, 462 

Carious companion, 437 

* Deaf man, sonnet by, 602 
Dew, causes of, 162 
Delagoa Bay arbitration, 420 
Diet, disease, and health, 628 

* Difficulties of learning to read, 628 
Diplomatic inaction in Afghanistan, 

* Diaappointment, a, 26 [312 

* Does Phonography spoil spelling ? 
Drew^ exiraocdinary, 88 [&1 

Dreams, 129 
Dyspepsia, 431, 440 

* Bdeography, 261 

* Education, advancement of, 603 

* Education, artisan's, 13, 43, 183 

* Educatioual influences, 97 

* " English language spelled as pro- 

nounced," a pampnlet by Kr Q. 
Withers, 166, 199, 478 

* English language, fhture of, 489 
Engbsh nation, origin of, 178 , 215 

* English orthoepy, 616 

* English spelling, 86 
European armies, 407 
Exciting scene in a prison, 648 
Faults, We all have, 600 

* Female journalist, 3 
Fiji language, 31, 309 

Food of man, the natural, 403 
Food, simple, and drink, 107 
Food supply of England, 486 
Fonthill, 9 
Forty years ago, 21 
Frankfin Benjamin, biographical 
sketch of, 196 [480 

* Franklin Dr and Miss Stephenson, 

* Free Teaching of Phonography 

(Bristol), 466, 489, 526, 649 

* French Parliamentary reporting, 


* Frenchman pnssled with " box," 60 
Fruit as diet. 28, 95, 383 

Fry Elisabettk, biographical sketch of. 
Puller Thomas, life of, 224 [307 

Fur seal, 3 

* Future of the English language, 469 
Oas, first used as an artificial light, 
Genesssareth, plain of, 35 [320 

* German shorthand periodical, b6 
Germany enalav^, 208 

Gibraltar convicts and tiie military 

authorities, 144 
Gloster museum, incident at, 347 

* " Gordian Knot Cut," 274, 601 
Habit of observation, 276 
Handel, 290 

* Hands, shaking, 60 
Happiness, 84 

Hawaiian Sandwich islands and peace, 
Hearth, 60 [36 

Heaven in the family, 167 
Heaven on earth, biow to make, 21, 

Hereditary transmission of acquired 

. tendencies, 540 
Hey wood, Shakspere's contemporary, 
Holy war, 272 [84 

Home and politics, 281, 293 
Homes for the homeless, 424 
Honor, spelling of, 822. 357 
Horses and men, handing of, 83 
House of Commons, functions of, 371 
Howsrd John, biographical sketch of. 
Button William. 93 [136 

Humanizing influence of letters, 497 
Independence of mind, 647 

* Indian orthography, 616 
Industry.patient, example of, in Wm. 

Hutton, 93 
Influence of cheap literature, 366 
Innocent men executed, 99 
International union, progress of, 384 

* Ireland, national education in, 238 
Japan and China, 203 

Ear, M. Alphonse, on militaxy glory, 
Keltic language, 300 [247 

" Know thyself," 498 
Langalibalele, 203, 224 
L)(ura Bridgman, 372 
Laughter and smiling, 511 

* Laming Phonography, 43 

^ LegibiliU of Phonograohy, 40 
Life at high pressure, 248 
Literature, cheap, inflnwioe of^ 366 

* Literature, Boyal Society of, 666 

* Literature, shorthand, 370 
Lotadon, to, and back, 58 

* Longhand, shorthand, and spelling 

reform, 148 

* Lvttleton, Lord, on shorthand, 430 

* If, rhyme on the letter, 254 

* " Manual of Phonography," test 

exercise on, 466 

* " Mark Twain," 237 
Marvel, Andrew, 63 
Maynooth Synod, reporting at, 616 
Maszini on virtue and happinees, 308 
Mendelssohn, 3t8 

MiUitary follr, 247 
Milton and Bunyan, 621 
Misuse of words, 266 

* Moor's J. C. pamphlet on the Pho- 

netic Society. 146 
Mothers and their sons, 414 
National danger /Uiead, 96 
National debts and ataoding armies. 


* National education in Ireland, 238 
Nations getting nearer, 3tK> 
Natural food of man, 403 

Neeld John Camden, who left his pro- 
per^ to the Queen, 86 

* New York ♦• Daily Graphic," Pho- 

nography in the, 473 
Nicene Creed, 262 

* " No more shorthand required," 42 
Nutmeg plantation, 117 
Observation, habit of, 276 
Opening of Africa, 323 
Oratorios, origin of, 409 

* Orthoepy and orthography of the 

English language, 466 

* Orthoepy, English, 516 

* Ortbograpbioal diffloulties, 610 

* Oughfokjfou Q H !j 479 

* Paper trade and duty, 27 
Parker, Rev. Dr, 266 
Paths, two. 105 

Patient industry, example oi, in Wm. 

Hutton, 93 
Paul St, life and epistles of. 111 
Peace Society's report, 264 

* Phonetic printing, 429 

* Phonetic protest, 347 

* Phonetic reading, 25, 34, 177, 345 ; 

in the Portlaw schools, Ireland, 

* Phonetic Society :~ [633 

Annual address to, 1 

Certificated Teachers of Phono- 
graphy, before the remodeling 
of the Phonetic Society in May 
1875, 3, 14, 28, 36 

List for 1876, 110, 207 

New constitution of, 133, 1^6, 163, 
161, 171, 192, 197, 199, 213, 687 

New members of, 3, 14, 27, 34, 
44, 52, 62, 74, 86, 98, 110, \%X 
135, 146, 156, 163, 172, 178, 195, 
199, 200, 207, 219. 224, 235, 243, 
264, 262, 276, 286, 298, 311, 322. 
333, 347, 357, 357 , 370, 382, 396, 
407, 431, 462, 476, 486, 402, 611, 
616, 534, 530, 660 

Subscription to, 1, 32, 33, 41, 649 

* Phonetic Institute fbnd, 25, ^, 

* Pkonetie Journal, 40, 310 [626, 639 

* Phonetio spelling, 214, 443 

* Phonetic spelling -without new let- 

ters, 474 

* Phonetic sjrstem^ tbe, 221 
Phonographic outlines, 474u 486, 492 

* Phonography deformed, 166 ; does 

it spoil spelling P 827 : in schools, 
86, 822 ; in tbe United States, 61 ; 
learning of, 42; merits of, 602: 
Talue of, 461, 639 

* Phonotvpy, introdnotion of, into 

Plain of Geneesareth, 85 
Poetry :— 

Abide with me, 200 

BatUe field, 284 

Cloud of witnesses, 172 

Ebb tide, 227 

Heaven realued, 109 

Heritage, the, 356 

Hidden treasures, 196 

Holidays, 618 

Home revisited, 661 

I may not be » prophet, 600 

I saw from the beach, 868 

Joys of home, 488 

Life, the truth, tbe way, 24 

Little teacher, 344 

Moral change, tbe, 444 

Mother and child, 132 

Peace and war, 84 

Old man's dream, 272 

Our angel kindred, 96 

Pophu*, the. 12 

Bambow of love, 211 

Sanitary binU in verse, 404 

Sonnet, 120, 188, 380 

Sunshine, 144 

To my two- wheeled steed, 6M 

Tweed, to tbe, 120 

What is noble ? 612 

Who shaU roll away the stone ? 

Why weepest thou Y 296 [308 

• Police force. Phonography in, 172 
Politics and home, 281, 2W) 
Pompeii, archives discovered at, 382 

• " Popular Enoyclopadia," 634 

• Portlaw schools, Ireland, phonetio 

reading in. 633 
Present armed peace, 74 
Press, the " Walter," 377, 889 
Prevention of crime, 82 
Printing, curious experiments in, 624 

• Phonetic Institute fund, 526 

• Printing machine, our, 26, 195, 205 

• Printing machines, noise of, 171 
Beading, a taste for, in Elihu Bnrritt, 


• Beading difficulty— a bar to edura- 
Recluse, a strange, 16 [tion, 406 

• Seed, Sir Charles, on spelling, 612 
Retirment from active work, 88 
Beriews : — 

Moor's pamphlet on the Phonetio 

Society, 146 
Self-Culture, 601 
Taleofatubodon, 413 
Thompson's shorthand exercises, 

393 * 

Wailes's Reporter's Manual, 156 
Withers on phonetic spelling* 

156, 199, 478 *^ * 

• Bevised constitution of the Phonetio 

Society, 199, 637 

• Eeporter's strike, 247 
Reoortin^, how done, 499 

• Reporting in church, 346, 369, 895 

• Reporting in Parliament, 206, 223, 

230,245,273 ' 

• Reporting machine, 847 
•Rhymes to the eve, 602 
B*«»»»fd Henry, ll.^., biographical 

sketch of, 163 

• Ritohie's •• Several Hints,*' 406. 430 

• Ritchie's shorthand, 42, 134, 430 
Roach, Sir Beyle, humors at, 187 
Rules for writing, 63 

• Science of speech-sounds, 611 
Seal (ftir), 3 

• •* Self-Culture," review of, 601 
Sentence, what a weighty one should 

be, 628 
Sermons out of church, 401 

• " Several HinU : or, Much Advice 

• oJ* w*'*?^ Subjects," 406, 430 

• Shaking hands, 60 - 

Digitized by 


* SharifTs oonrt, shorthand in, 172 

* Shorthand, advantagee of, 418 ; his- 

tory of, 162 
Biolc children, 870 
Snow, 120 
Sober Tillaire, 141 

* Society of Arts examination for 1876, 
Soldier's message, 239 [610 
SoUtude, 305 

* Southport, spelling bee at, 650 

* Spelling Bee, 188, 602, 660 

* Spelling Reform, 246, 474 
Sqnuing the drcle, 39 
Steel hardening, 41 

* Stenographic apparatos, 310 
SftoTe, a Swedish, 203 

"Taleo&tnbodon," reriew of, 413 

* Task of learning to read, 466 
Te Deom, 262 

Teeth, whj they deeaj, 74 

* Telegraphing' long words, 264 
Temperance reformation, 344 
Temperance, trae, 11 

* ** Test Exercise " on the " Manaal 

of Fhonograpbj," 466 
Texasj a visitor in, 416 
Thinking, advantages of, 12^; art of, 

264 ; thoughts about, 829, 384 

* Thompson's shorthand, 893, 417, 

418, 430, 473 
Time, care and ix^yrovenent of, 268 
Tobacco, conference on, 646 

Trade, why depressed, 108 

Transmitted disease, 476 

Trath, reverence for, among the 

Athenians, 120 
"Twain, Mark," 238 
Two paths, 106 
Yathek. 9 

Vegetables and fruit, plea for, 95 
Village, a sober, 141 
*' Voice in Bamah," a story of the 

Welsh evictions, 14 
* Wailes's Reporter's Manual, 156 
" Walter" press, 377, 389 
Want of letter 4,31 
Wanted— servants, 120 
Wellington, Duke of, 120 I 

Wergeland, the poet, 812 [SSI 

What knowledge is of most worth f 
White. Gilbert, and Selbome, 69 
, * Whitney Professor, on spelling S2S 
" Wm " and " shall," 41» 
Willing and doing, 119 

* Withers's Mr, pamphlet reriewed. 
Woods in autumn, 12 [155, 190, 4?9 

* Words ending in -lion, 478 
Words, misuse of. 266 

Wright Thomaa, biographies^ aketeh 
Writing, bad, 100 [oi, 287 

Writing, mles for, 62 
" Yard,'* reporting gram, for, SIO 

* '* Youth, ^' roportrng gnsmmalogM 
ZommerBetdiire dialect, 839 [ior,$7(i 


Aberdeen, 429, 46& 
Altringham, 453 
Ardgay, 357 
Banff, 83, 73 
BeHkst, 189,398,453 
Bilston, 393 
Birmingham, 26, 61, 197, 

266, 229, 489, 601 
Blackbum, 286, 637 
BlackhilL 489 
Blackpool, 463 
Blyth, 477 
Bolton, 285 
Brwlford, 25, 33, 49, 73, 

97. 163, 161, 22», 809, 

Brentwood, 285 
Brighton, 61, 153 
Brtotol, 83, 133, 146, 169, 

197, 213, 229, 253, 809, Exeter, §29, 537 

406, 466 iFaraley, 637 

Cambridge, 477 
Cambridge, NewZaalandi 
Canada, 73 [454 

Chippenham, 161 
Coburg, Victoria, 429 
Cokhester, 145, 177, 237, 

838, 537 
Cramlington, 121 
Croydon, 85, 845, 893 
Darlington, 489, 573 
Denbr Dale, 549 
Depttord, 61, 
Derby, 13, 73, 237, 273) 
Doncaster, 2 [463 

Dover, 333 
Dublin, 41 
Dundee, 321 
Ealing, 369 
Edinburgh, 73, 146 

Vorrea, 49 

Oateahead.429, 640 

Glasgow, 121, 197, 278, 

Halifax, 286, 417 

Hamilton, Canada, 867 

Eastings, 197 

Havant, 177 

Hawarden, 406 

Hayle, 49 

Hexham, 417, 477 

Hitchin, 197 

Huddersfleld, 218, 297, 

HuU, 237 [458, 625 

Inverness, 287 

Ipswich, Queensland 417 

Johnstone, 41 

Kirkby Lonsdale, 613 

Kirkcaldy, 381, 429 

Leeds, 2,97,146,161,221, 
406> 441, 618, 549 

Landport, 881, 417, i 

Leicester, 525 

Leith, 287, 321 

Lemberg, Austria, 6] 

Littlehampton, 246 

Liverpool, 41, 261, 

LUnelly, 237 

London, 2, 26, 83, 41 
61, 79, 85, 97, 146, 
161, 177, 189, 197, 
229, 267, 253, 261, 
297, 321, 893, 417, 

. 464, 466, 477, 489, 
613, 525, 537, 649 

Macduff, 83 

Manchester, 133, 153, 
205, 229, 263, 273, 
405, 429, 442, 454» 

Melbourne, Victoria, 

Minehead, 442 

Montreal, 197 





Boeheater. 161, 237, 909. 
Saltaire, 477 [525 

Sheemesa, 88 
Sheffield, 61, 205^ 2S7, 2C1, 

Southampton, 41, 121 
South Sluelds, 4tt, 477 
Stewarton, 526 
Stratford, 429 
Stroud, 442 

Sunderland, 13, 49, 477, 
SwalweM, 6e» [525 

Truro, 477 
- rrone. U. S. A., 369, 429 

Washington, U. 8. A.. 417 
Weston-super-Mare, 626 
WhiteEeld, 501 
Wigan, 478 
Windermere, 465 
Wolverhampton. 613 
Ystradgynlais, 205 


A, J. p., 417 1 

Alien e. J., 229. 896, 637 
Apperley A., 206 
Anderson J. M., 197, 430 
** Anti-Humbug," 43 i 
Armstrong T. G. C, 61, 
Atkinson B^ 171 [587 
Austin C. H., 869 I 

Bailey J. E., 109, 121, 
162,538 I 

Barnes C, 146, 177, 237,' 
Bamett H. R., 513 [338 
Beddow J. J., 893 
Benaet J. B^ 61 
••Beri,"34, 138 
BredaU J., 261 
Brongh C, 43 
Bruce J. B., 25 
BuU B. P., 476 
Bume B. A., 297 
Buafleld J. R^ 537 
Butterworth T., 286, 687 

C. L., 297 

Cameron D., 867, 406 
Campbell P., 370 
Cape- Williamson H., 263 
Carter J.. 274 
Chamberlain E., 229 
Clifford E. J., 286 
Coates W., 286, 
Collins R.. 237 
Coltman J., 412 
Compton Miss J. M., 408' 
Cookrf. T., 285, 477 
Crouch W., 429, 430 

D. R. N., 473 
Daan W. H.. 206 
Davey J., 477 

Dawaon W., 61 
DeLand T. L., 417 
Dean J., 613 
Delaney J. S., 322 
Denham A. A., 97 
Denny J. E., 285 
Denton J., 3, 171, 821 
Diack J. G., 501 
Donaldson J., 161 
Downsborough J., 285 
Duguid A. B., 309 
B. D.. 298 
EdisO. L.,477 
Ellis H. E., 297 
Ellison J. P., 454, 625 
•* Engineer," 13, 43, 186 
Fincbam J., 537 
Finlayson J. G., 443 
FlowerA. E., 526 
Foot A. W., 417 
Ford A.. 61, 261, 601 
Foy E. P., 245 
Francis C, 85 
Fraacke Richard, 86 
Furbank A. J., 197 
G. R. M.. 430 
Galloway G., 297 
Gill W., 161 
GiUard P., 41 
Glaespool H., 41, 121 
Grange F., 274 
Gregory W., 417, 429, 649 
Gunn G., 357 
H. G., 501 
H. B., 370 
H. S., 381 
Haddon J., 192 
Had^y A., 42 

HaU J., 626 

Hardesty C. F., 489 

Harding W. H.. 121 

Hayward Dr, 333 

Henderson J., 411, 468 

Henry William, 549 

Hiscocks B. N., 274 

"Hobah," 171 

Hope W., 357 

Hopkins G., 98 

Horn D., 539 

Hudson B., 237 

Hutt J., 821 

Ingram W. J., 41 

Inman A. W., 285 

Innes W., 274 

Inns F., 214 

J, C, 881 

J. E., 369 ' 

J. G.,526 

J. H. y.. 40 

J. S., 206 

J. v.. 370 

J. W. H., 406 

Johnson G. L. 49 

Jones E., 32S, 857 

Jones E. A., 442 

Jopes J., 501 

Joseph J., 618 

K. R., 33 

Keith-Falconer Ion, 168, 


"Kalamos," 261 
Kemp Amos, 189, 286 
Kent W. J., 61 
Kershaw James, 649 
LaTouch J. D., 309 
Lawreaoe F^ 417 

Lawranee J., 477 
Lawson J. A., 626 
Lee B., 465, 501 
Leng T., 369 
LoAhouse J,, 261 
Longbottom W. 8., 287 
Love J. W., 25, 297, 526, 

Lumsden A. 8., 237 
M. A., Oxon. 522 
Macdonald C., 321 
Macintosh W., 73 
Mackie J..453 
Macleunan A., 810 
McCann R., 85 
McCormac W., ^on., 261, 

357, 405 
McMurtrie D., 466 
Major J. A., 478 
MansaeldF. A.,869 
Marsden N^ 441 
Martin DrJ.W., 26, 177, 

Matier H., 453 
Matthews A. J., 809 
May Rev. J., 462 
Meek H. £., 171 
MetcalfT., 13.40, 625 
Mills G. T., 466, 626 
Midgley W. W., 285, 513 
Moor J: C^ 297, 869, 429 

Moore J. £^., 489 
More W., 273 
Nayler J., 2 
Nem Rev. S., 464 
Nelham T. A., 26 
Newton R. A., 86 
Newton T., 613 

Nixon T., 93 
Parkes J. T., 489 
Parrot A. G., 286 
Partridge A. H., 46X 
Pame C. J., 78, 273, 463 
Peel A., 285 
Pitman Benn, 9, 209 
Pitman H., 139, 158, 177. 

205, 206, 230, 245, 263, 

273, 882, 405, 412, 464,' 

477, 479, 526 
Pitman Isaac, 263, 618 
Porritt N., 213 
R. E. J., 213 
R. T., 406 
Rainbow T., 405 
Raine C, 489, 619 
Read H^ 333 
Reeves J. L., 479 
Rickard T., 161, 
Robinson S., 164, 262, 321, 

881, 417, 441 
Robertson R. W., 821 
Russell G. W., jun., 197 
RnsseU W^ 184 
Rutherford J., 477 
S. R.. 162 
Salter, T. S., 649 
'• Savoir," 164 
SeUy F., 465, 501 
Sheldrick R. N., 221 
Shepherd J., 49 
Shuttleworth E^468 
Sibthorp Rev. fi. J. M, 

Silver W., 418 
Simpson J,, 49 

Singleton J., 2, 17% 213, 

216. 221, 496 
Smith W. L., 49 
Spragg A, 197 
Stamp J. H.A., 83,145^ 

169, 229, 268, 40fr, 465 
Stranger E. J., 4£9 
Sutclilre J. A., 25, 40, lei. 

229, 406, 453, 640 
T. E., 206 
R. R. 8., 881 
T. S. 8., 214 
Taylor W. H.. 297 
Thomas F. 526, 
Thomas J.. 26 
Tovey G., 274 
Turner T. A., 458, i2i 
Tweddell G., 237, 413 
W. H., 442 
W. W., 869 
Wait J„ 637 
Waaaser W., 613 
Waring G., 969, 429 
Watson J. H., 626 
Webster D., 121 
Welling H., 41S 
Widdop A., 83.48,97,103 
Wilkie T., 489 
Wilkinson H. D., 461 
Wilkinson J.. 97, 146, 261^ 

285, 909, 846, 441 
Williams F. J.. 218, 649 
Wilson W., 465 
Wolfenden J., 73, 218 
Wood 8. O., 13 
Wrean G., 86 
Wright A., 463 
Wright G., 61 

Digitized by 




The Phonetic Alphabet consists of 38 letters, namely, the 23 useful letters of the common alphabet (c, q, and x being 

rejected,) and the 15 new ones below. The voxels a, e, t, o, u have invariably their snort sounds, as in 

pat, pet, pit f pot, put. All the other old letters have their usual signification. The italic 

letters in the words in the fourth line denote the sounds of the letters. 


Gg, B*, ad, 2J, S3, W^. 
eg, Ed, ad, Zf, S3, Wy. 
f^ %fi ^^^/// ^^ 

cAair, ^Ain, ihva, shoe, Tinon, Bing. 
qer, Hn, den, Jm, vigon, sig. 

The order pf the Phonetic Alphabet, and the names of the letters are, 
Consonants:— p, b; t, d; g, j; k, g: f, v; *, d; ^, z; f, 3: m, n, g : 1, r: w, y : h. 

pee, bee; tee, dee; chap, jay ; lcay,gajf: ef,vee; Uh,thee; e8,zee ; Uh,zhee: em,en,inff: el,ar: way, y ay: aitch- 
Vowels: — a, B; e, e; i, i : Q, o; y, cr; u, m. Diphthongs: — \, y\j o\x, oi. 

at, c^h; et, eh; it, ee: ot,awe; ut, oh; ddt, 00. eye, ew, ow, oy. 

FOREIGN SOUNDS r-'YRENCK (E cb, JJ u V" k^, DJ m Z^ <c* M q ^ ^ . Gee. X i, '5' ^. 

as in J0iine, du, di*, an; ich, Sie^. 



fl 6, 8 8, Li: 

0. €r er. 

TU m: 


*i, u u. 

Ha, S e, Z i : 

(3, 0, 


S a. 

#?• Uh. 

tjf- » S e (f a 

' ^a p <^ 



by, new. 

alms, age,atr, eat\ 

a\\, o'^Q, 


son, but. 

Bmz, ^j, er, it: 

ol, cp, 


8711, bst. 

b^ nil. 

The annoal subscriptions of members of the Phonetic Society are 
now due, and the Secretary will feel pleasure in receiving them early 
in the New Year, and not later than Ist February. The List of mem- 
bers for 1875 will then be prepared. Each member is requested to 
state the Class in which he wishes to appear, and to place before his 
name any honorary distinction, (*) showing that he can write 100 
words per minute, (**) 150 words per minute. (♦*♦) 2P0 words per 
minute, or (f) certificated teacher, to which he is entitled. 


On several occasions I have written a brief Address to 
the Members of the Phonetic Society at the opening of 
a New Year, and sent it by post, with the two-fold pur- 
pose of reminding the members that the time for the re- 
newal of their annual subscriptions had arrived, and of 
giving a bird's-eye view of the state and prospects of the 
Writing and Printing Reform. I now repeat the custom, 
but, for want of time, I can no longer post the Address to 
the members individually. I think I may expect them to 
look for it in their Phonetic Journal. I am happy in 
writing this in the new Phonetic Institute, but the happi- 

ness is rather in prospect than in possession. The personal 
discomfort of every worker here, now and through the 
remainder of the winter, (for the masons are still employed 
on the outside of the house, and the carpenters within, 
and there are at present no sufficient means of warming 
the building,) is but a passing cloud. The brilliant sun 
of truth and use that has shone upon the Reform from the 
commencement will again beam upon us in comfortable 
quarters in the coming spring ; and the new building— an 
old one renovated and scraped down from basement to roo^ 
— will be found capable of supplying any number of short- 
hand and phonotypic books that may be demanded, so far 
as we can obtain skilled hands to produce them. 

My first topic of congratulation is that I can now issue 
an enlarged Phonetic Journal of sixteen pages for Id. 
The Journal was ^aid to be " a wonderful penny ^rth " 
when it first appeared with type shorthand, eight pages 
for Id., two years ago. I hope the subscribers wiU con- 
sider this New Series a still more wonderful penny m>rth, 
by exerting themselves to increase the number of pur- 
chasers. '• . 

The shorthand department of the Journal is now divided 

Digitized by C^UU^ l^ 


2 Jan., 1875. 


into four sections, to suit phonographers in all stages of 
study :— 1. The Easy Style in words of one syllable for 
learners. This is so easy that it does not require a key. 
2. The Corresponding Style interlined with a key to ini- 
tiate learners into the reading of the Corresponding Style, 
and also to interest persons who are not phonographers, 
by showing them at a glance the ease, fluency, and brevity 
of shorthand, and its vast superiority over longhand. 3. 
The Corresponding Style with key on another page, which 
will serve as a reading exercise in classes and for private 
students. 4. The Reporting Style, for advanced classes, 
and the private reading of reporting students. Here I 
would repeat what is said in the phonographic instruction 
books as to the most effectual way of using these exercises 
in order to gain facility both in the reading and in the 
writing of shorthand. The_pupil should first read the 
shorthand, with or w ithout t he hefpof t he key, as h e may 
be able ; then make a shorthand copy from the key witho ut 
consultmg the ^orthaiid tex TT^iext compare his own 
writing w ith the printed copy, correct errors, and write 
the piece^ain m shorthan d.^jle ^should again compare 
his writing~witFt he printed _cogy, and if any errors still 
remain, correcFthem inthe same way, and write tEe piece 
once more. Used thus, the Journal wilf prove as efficient 
a teacher as a personal instructor. Every phonographic 
pupil should spend equal portions of time in reading and 
in writing shorthand. If he allow h imself to read much 
shorthand and wri te little, he will be dissatisfied with him- 
self as to his speed in writing : a nd if he spends more time 
in writing than i n read ing shorthand he w ilT most lik ely 
nofcwrite c orrectly, an d will certainly not read with flue ncy. 

The Intelligence department of the Journal shows the 
w?ljuH advance which the Reform is making in various 
parts of the world. 

The new first-class members of the Phonetic Society that 
appear in each number of the Journal, invite all learners 
to send to them exercises for correction, and to ask for an 
explanation of any difficulty which their own reading may 
be unable to solve. 

The Phonotypic department of the Journal shows what 
toe think the spelling of the language ought to be. Those 
who cannot go so far with us as to prefer the new spelling 
to the old, may well use it, or recommend it, for the teach- 
ing of the young to read the present books. The facilita- 
tion of the acquisition of reading is a department of the 
, Reform that claims special notice. Every teacher in the 
kingdom is conscious of the inadequate results that flow 
from the teaching power expended in learning to read in 
all the schools of the country. A calculation was lately 
made by Mr E. Jones, of thellibernian schools, Liverpool, 
from authentic educational returns, that from all the 
schools in the country where reading is taught, we turn 
out oqp fair reader of a newspaper paragraph for every 
teacher, principal and subordinate, that is employed ! All 
the rest of the children pass into the various industrial 
occupations either unable to read, or reading so imperfectly 
that the art never becomes in after life a source of pleasure 
and instnvti^>ft** This lamentable effect can be traced to 

one and only one principal cause, namely, an imperfect al - 
phabet, and the pell-mell way in which letters are heaped 
up to represent words. I know that every anomaly of our 
spelling is traceable to some historical fact in connection, 
with the incorporation of the word into our language, but 
these facts can never come to the knowledge of the people 
at large, and their very existence is to them a nonentity ; 
and even scholars find the game of hunting for them not 
worth the candle it consumes. A word is a composite 
sound, divisible into so many separate sounds, or letters. 
Separate signs for these sounds should be the letters with 
which the word should be spelt. Let children learn the pho- 
netic alphabet, and let them keep to the reading of pho- 
netic books about six months, and they will in three 
months more, by practising reading in the old style of 
spelling, be able to read. 

I would urge this phase of the Reform upon the members 
of the Phonetic Society as of far greater importance than 
the mere extension of shorthand. Let every teacher, and 
every member of a School Board, throughout the country, 
be put in possession of these facts by means of the Journal, 
a copy of the First Book in Phonetic Reading, and the va- 
rious phonetic tracts, and we shall soon see phonetic read- 
ing adopted as the only rational and economic plan. 
Surely the Phonetic Society is large enough to accomplish 

I have reason to hope that the present year will show 
such an advance in the extension of phonetic shorthand 
writing, and in the adoption of phonetic reading as no pre- 
vious year has witnessed. The retrospect of the Reform 
is highly gratifying, and the prospect most hopeful. I 
trust that every member of our Society will habitually 
cherish that confidence in truth and utility which, combined 
with labor, is a guarantee of success. 

There is, I regret to say, a large sum still to be collected 
for the Phonetic Institute, before it will be free from debt. 
Phonographers and friends of the Reform have given and 
collected liberally, and I feel profoundly grateful to them 
for their generosity and their disinterested exertions. I 
shall be happy to record further contributions. This week 
a gentleman in India sends £10 towards the Institute. 

Bath, 22 Dec, 1874. ISAAC PITMAK. 


Commmnieaiiofufor this Department qfike Journal, NoHeee of Evereireukttor^ , 
€te., ehould be written eeparatelj^firom lettert, and. marked " Journal,** 
DOXCASTER. From John JViiy^.— Phonography appears to 
be progressing favorably in this town. I know ten young men 
who are studying it ; all of them seem to take great interest in it. 
LEEDS. From Jame^ Singleton. — For the past few months I 
have had a class»of fourteen at the Mechanics* Institution here. 
This, I think, can scurcely be considered a good class for a largo 
town like Leeds, and I have been thinking of taking some steps 
for bringing the subject of Phonography more prominently before 
the public. Some time ago I noticed m the Journal offers from 
several gentlemen to give gratuitous lectures on Phonography, 
but if I remember rightly there was no one in this neighbourhood 
so disposed to aid in the dissemination of a knowledge of the art. 
I shall be glad to hear of anyone who will be wilhng to do so. 
If no one comes forward to lecture, I have decided upon making 
an attempt myself, but as I am not accustomed to public speaking 
or lecturing, I feel rather diffident about it. There has been no 
lecture on the subject of Phonography in Leeds since I came to 

Digitized by Vn 


2 Jan., 1875. 



reside here— now more than six years ago ; so that it is high time 
something were done. 

A Shorthand Writers* Association has recently heen formed 
here and is in a very prosperous condition, the meetings being 
very interesting and well attended. This will no doubt do some- 
thing towards the spread of Phonography. I intend to commence 
two more classes in connection with the Mechanics* Institution on 
the 5th January, an elementary class at 7.30, and an advanced 
class, for reporting practice, etc., at 8.45. The classes are open 
to non-subscribers as well as to the members of the Institution. 
A large firm of iron and brass founders in Hunslet sent three of 
their clerks to my class last year ; this year they have seni four. 
It would be well if some of uie other large firms were to follow 
their example. 

I think it might add to the interest of the Journal, and would 
no doubt considerably increase its circulation, if you were to give 
in its pages some of the numerous lectures and essays that are now 
read before the members of the various Shorthand Societies in the 
country. Some of them must be worth printing, and now that 
you have increased the sixe of the Journal you will be able to 
afford space for them. I shall be glad to see one or two in the 
The following is the programme for the winter session, 1875 : 
Jan. 8 — Miscellaneous Readings. 
„ 15 — Lecture, — " How Diseases are Propagated," by Mr 

„ 22 — Extemporaneous Speaking. 
„ 29— Paper-— " The Origin of Rivers,** by Mr Scorsby. 
Feb. 5— Essay--" Peter the Great," by Mr Procter. 
„ 12 — Discussion— '* Abstinence,** by Mr Sunderland. 

" Moderation,*' by Mr Wilkinson. 
„ 19— Lecture — " The Origin of the English Nation,*' by 

Mr Singleton. 
„ 26 — Paper — " George Stephenson," by Mr Duck. 
March 6 — Lecture — " The Feudal System," by Mr Wood. 
„ 12 — Extemporaneous Speaking. 
„ 19 — Paper — ** Popular Amusements," by Mr Dean. 
„ 26— Essay — " Character," by Mr Gummerson. 
April 2— Lecture— '» Self-Culture," by Mr Wilkinson. 
LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writbrs* Assocla.tion. — 
At the weekly meeting held on the 17th December, after the usual 
reporting practice, Mr J. S. Warner read an essay on " England's 
Greatness." The essay was very good, (although exception was 
afterwards taken to one point in it,) and procured for the essayist 
a hearty vote of thanks from the members. The next meeting 
of the Association will take place on the 7th January, which will 
be the annual, and the first night of the new quarter. Gentlemen 
desirous of joining the Association are requested to bear this in 
mind. On the 2l8t January a musical and miscellaneous enter- 
tainment will be given, to which all London phonographers are 
cordiallv invited. 

READING. From Joseph Denton. — Phonography is at present 
progressing favorably in Reading. Two classes are established, 
one under the presidency of Mr Davis and Mr Minchin, at the 
Young Men's Christian Association rooms, St Mary's Butts, and 
the o^er at my own residence, 52 Friar street. Each class has 
several members, and one or two promise to become good writers. 

A Female Journalist. — The only woman employed on the staff 
of the New York Herald is Mrs Butts, a brilliant and painstaking 
journalist. The husband of this lady was formerly connected 
wili the same sheet, and, after his death, she made application ior 
piece work, which was cheerfully furnished her. "Her thorough- 
ness, despatch, and unusual intellectuality were the subjects of 
constant comment by those whose business it is to look out for 
talent, and the result was an invitation to join the staff. In re- 
viewing the past, she says of herself:—"! thank Heaven that 
I know how to work. Should anything happen to my literary 
prospects, I could make my living as a dressmaker, milliner, 
seamstress, housekeeper, cook or laundress. I have done my own 
housework, and gloried in it ; have made my husband's shirts, 
and washed and ironed them ; not only because I could really do 
them better than a professional laundress, but in order to eke out 
a reporter's meagre salary ! " — Miss FaithfulN " Women and 
their Work.** 


2 Barnwell H., 14 Morville street, Birmingham : olerk 

2 Cooke Charles O., 25 Berkley street, Liverpool 

3 Cooper John, Marton, Kirbjmoorside : schoolmaster 
1 Fofd Henry J., Navigation road, Nortbwioh, Cheshire 

1 Gellender John, Swalwell, near Gateshead-on-Tyne : clerk 

1 Keith P. M., Telegraph department, G. P. O., Edinburgh 

2 Matthew James, 10 Alma road, Canonbury, London, N. 

1 MoUinson H. G. L., 85 Gallowgate, Aberdeen 

2 Newbury 8., Boyn Hill farm. Maidenhead 

3 Paterson I. O., Park cottage, Benedict street, Glastonbury 

3 Fears William, Ramshaw, near Blanchland, oo. Durham : grocer 

1 Read T. G., 35 Mount street, Devonport 

1 Robinaon R., 362 Bridgeipan street, Bolton, Lancashire : railway clerk 

1 Saint Thomas, Highbury Wesleyan school, London, N. 

1 Sunderland J. J., The Bank of Leeds, (Ld.), Albion street, Leeds : bank 

1 Thomas C, Highbury Wesleyan school, London, N. [er's clerk 
3 Williams S., 33 Fleet street, New Swindon : Wilts. : time keeper 

2 WiUmott John, 101 Bull street, Birmingham: dmpef assiitaQt 

Alteration cf Adirett. 
Davey Charles, from Scarbro' to 11 Vere street, London, W. 

Lettert of inquiry to the Editor of this Joumcd^ mutt contain apoetage etamp 
or an addreened poetcard. Every eommunicaiion muet be autkentteated by 
the name andaddreee qf the writer, not neeeuarily for publiealioni but ae a 
guarantee pf goodfaUh. 

Mr J. Leonard, 62 New Market street, Grimsby, is desirous of corres- 
ponding once a week with another phonographer in the Corresponding or 
easy Reporting Style. 

The Tr bl [word not vocalised] Magazine. — ^This first-class everdrcalator 
is in want of a few more members. Entrance fee and subscription for 1875 
1/3. Further particulars on application to Mr R. A. Newton, 29 Burford 
road, Stratford, Essex. 

Will commence on the Ist February, if twenty members oan be obtained, 
an everciroulator called the *' Learners' Companion," written in the Learn- 
ers' Style. On its first ronnd each member will be presented with a copy of 
the Book of Psalms, written in the Corresponding Style. 


Campbell Fraser, 22 Bolingbroke terrace, Wandsworth Common, London 

Coward Henry, 6 Hopmead buildings, Twerton, near Bath 

Mollinson H. O. L., 85 Gallowgate, Aberdeen 

Murphy Thomas, 3 Regent street; or, 24 Lamb street, Hanley 

Reaa T. G., 35 Mount street, Devonport 

Robinson IL, 362 Bridgeman street, JBolton, Lancashire 

Rooke W. H., 39 Palmerston street, South Shields 

Rossiter Gabriel, Green market, Penzance 

aE E^E SLL. 
A rjter in de Fild givz de folerii) interestig histori ov 
de fsr sil and its ssroundigz : — 3.e herm ov de (tst sil 
woz disk^verd in de yir 1787, bj Pribilov, a E^Jian seler 
in de servis ov de Swon-hTjntig k^mpani ov Alaska. 
Herdz ov diz silz had bin nertist for meni yirz privissli, 
swimig norlwardz in do erli sprig alog wid lyder Arktik 
marin animalz — de wolr^s, de her-sil, (ser komon on our 
e-n k98t8),*and de 8i-l;on, liniz li^d iz ov litel valq, eksept 
for de reperig ov netiv berts, ets. In diz animal mifprejonz 
de f^r sil ^Callorhinns nrsinns) manifests de sem timiditi 
and dez^r tu avoid denjer displed on ol ok&3onz b| hiz 
difltantli-relcted felcr-voicjerz. It woz on diz okesonz and 
emli at rer intervalz, and after everi reserrs ov de hunter 
had bin put in praktis, ^der in de Jaler inlets alog de roki 
kerst Jin from Kalifornia tu Sitka, and ara^gst de fredig 
stcjonz establijt bi de E^Jianz in de Almjian i4andz, dat 
a fq, ov diz hili-valiid skinz kud bi prerk^rd. 3!e serq Tsn- 
derteken bj Prjbiiov woz rewarded bi de disk^veri ov de 
ilandz ov St Pol'z and St Jorj, de former de larjest ov 
de Pribilov grmp. Eiz jlandz ar smol trakts o^ land rjzig 



2 Jan, 1875. 

rom de wevz tu a veri inkonsiderabel elevejon, and from 
ten tu lerti m[lz in leg^. 3.e groip iz sitiiet in W. lonj. 
168 degz., N. lat. 66 degz., far out in de Bcrii) Si, and 
for several m^n^s in de yir iz tertali dezerted bi de wiged 
and semiakwatik animalz dat kroud 7pon it dqrii) de Jort 
BT^mor sizon. 3.e ilandz ar tenanted dq,rig de hcrl yir bi 
a fq, hundred human biigz ov berl sekses, hui ar tempted 
tu brev de driri winter, and endi^r de hardjips ov der 
komplit iaolcjon, bj de proapekts ov ssq gen az de kan 
rip bi intens lebor in de Jort sizon for whig der eervisez 
ar rekwird wLjl de akinz ar biig harvested. It iz refli 
estimeted dat about 5,000,000 ov fsr silz vizifde ilandz 
everi sizon ; ov diz ^nli 100,000 me bi kapturd— for 83Q 
ar de termz granted bi de XXnited Stets Senet in der lis 
tu a ki^mpani hui hav i^derteken tu farm de ilandz, and 
in order tu prezerv de animalz from biig ekstermineted 
oltugetf er. Az de winter Snerz melt awe 7nder de influens 
ov de worm ksrents ov woter k^mig vp from de soul, az 
wel az bi rizon ov de hevi fogz whig at dis sizon ov de 
yir hag about de Arktik landz, de er bek^mz, az de sizon 
advansez, opresivli worm, and for S7m piriod ov de s^mer 
sizon der iz an olmerst konstant dounpvr ov Qn ren. 

Tcrardz de sekond wik in Me de ferst mel silz begin tu 
aprarQ de ko^t, and veri imperzig iz der apirans at dis tim. 
ae difer s^ misq in siz when komperd wid der wivz, dat it 
iz hard at ferst tu rializ de relejonjip. An crld bul f^r 
sil wez ^ver 4001b., and mesurz on an averej about seven 
fit in legl, whil de kou hiz wif iz crnii from 60lb. tu 1001b. 
in wet, and about 4^ fit in legl. Se melz ov de herd ariv at 
and land 7pon de ilandz about w^n nrsni befer de k^mig ov 
de fimelz and ysg melz or bagelor silz, and on der ferst 
k^mig de selekt ssg pozijonz az de konsider de mast elijibel 
for der domestik wonts. Se spots at legl fikst ^pon de de- 
iermin at ol hazardz tu held agenst ol kisrmerz. Natiirali 
pisabel in der habits at 9der sizonz, de f^r sil nou mani- 
fests de merst pi^gnej^s tendensiz, and at de slitest indikejon 
ov intrmgon iija or Iri neborz wil pl^nj madii intu de merst 
frantik and si^mtimz de merst fetal ov kontests. In a fq, 
ourz after landig de y^g ov de yir ar borti — siggel, olmerst 
helples, litel blak objekts, wid gret sterig iz and restles 
bodiz, kepabel ov ending hiygger for nin dez (az haz bin 
prmvd bi krmel eksperiment) ; b3t de sum gre* aktiv and 
intelijent, and after a misni or tui spent in de enjoiment 
ov de sersieti ov litel koloniz ov pups ov lik ej and wid 
ne distiggwijabel diferens in Jep or individi^al karakter- 
istiks, de mek der we tu de woter, b^t it iz ^nli after 
frikwent trialz and meni helples feli^rz dat de y3g sil 
akwirz its si-gerig kwolitiz. Ee noiz med bi douzandz 
ov de animalz iz insesant. 3.e hav natiirali an ivil smel, 
and az a larj persentej luiz dar livz in de frikwent kon- 
flikts wejd am^gst de melz, and nsmberz ov de ysi^ di 
of from neglekt, kruielti, and disiz insidental tu ol ysi^ 
anim^, an oful stenq iz suin krieted ; and olde der iz 
a kindiov sistem in de arenjment ov diz koloniz, de san- 
itari me3urz ar, tu se de list, not perfekt. 

3'e*m9st strenj fakt rekorded bi de oGJalz iz tu de 
efekt dat de eld silz never retsrn tu de si from de tim 
ov der ferstrarjl^al, when de ar big masez ov fat,, ^n til de 

kloz ov de sizoA, when de drag dounder ekzosted bodiz 
W3n8 moT tu de refrejig dip ; and dt^rig ol diz m^ni^s, 
from Me tu Og^st, de test ncr fmd or woter ; yet de ar 
aktiv, ful ov Qr and iritabiliti, proud ov der larj familiz, 
and ever wogful ov der y^g wtsuz. S^m eld bulz hav 
from ten tu fiftin wivz ig, olde der ar kesez on rekord 
wher a litel koloni ov forti-Qv fimelz wer garded agenst ol 
intrm5on bi S3m l^sti eld mel, whil in de bak rez forr or 
Qv wivz wer siii tu spend a mizerabel ekzistens, k^t of 
from de larjer sesietiz ov der seks. 

Az de yir advansez, de f^ sil Jedz hiz outer ket, whig 
iz kers and her-lik, az wel az hiz vnder ket ov fjn fsr. 
Soin after dis de winter ket beginz tu apir, and in a veri 
Jort tim de Qn fsr iz perfekt. Sen it iz dat de h^nterz, 
hui hav frikwentli vizited de veri^s koloniz in der roundz 
ov inspekjon, widout distsrbig de veri^s familiz bi wokig 
am^gst dem, begin tu mek der fcrenjments for kaptiy*ii) 
de y3g melz, 3jz y^^g melz rezid in smol gruips nir de 
woter lin, and at de list alarm ar preperd tu eskep inta 
de si. It iz nesesari, derfer, for de hi^nterz tu krip in 
siggel Ql alog de marjin ov de si widout atraktig obzerve- 
Jon, and at a given signal tu riz 7p s^denli, and, wid loud 
Jouts and frantik jestikqlejonz, tu fers de silz tu t^rn 
der hedz inland. Lik fritend Jip de kroud intu a flok, 
and den beginz de log J3rni everland tu desloterig plesez. 
In de herd, az it iz driven alog, ar meni eld wvnz, huz 
skinz wud bi ov ne i^s, and s^mtimz diz, t^rnig tu kon- 
test de rit ov der kaptorz, get left behind, or, str^glig 
alog wid der les b^lki fele-kaptivz, sigk do'un from 
ekzostion, and di wher de holt 3.e remender, driven 
ever de sandi flats and jentel elevejonz, ariv in dq, tim at 
de *' wsrks ;" wher a fsrder selekjon iz med, and d&z 
enii ar kild hmz skinz ar ov marketabel valq,. 3e skinz 
ar kwikli tern of, and, biig r^fli solted, ar tid wid 3derz 
intu bsndelz, for Jipment tu Iggland. Be bodiz, rig in 
kostli si oil, and leden wid ofensiv flej, ar left tu polmt de 
olredi foul er ov de iland, at ne gret distans from de 
dweligz ov de kolonists. 

Ol de f^r sil skinz kism tu London tu bi drest, and, az 
de preses iz a veri tidiss and ekspensiv W3u, oki^piig at 
list tm mi^nls in de prepare/on, de orijinal valq, ov from 
20s. tu 30s, for a solted skin smn inkrisez, afler it haz 
bin pl^kt bi s^m sikret preses and iz redi for de fsrier, 
tu de valq, ov from ^ri tu et poundz sterlig for iq skin, 
akordig tu its bqti and Qn teksti^r. 

It iz nesesari tu nz everi prekojon in order tu prezerv 
de stok ov silz ; for, eig tu s^m 3nakountabel koz, de 
n^mberz in s^m yirz dui not ikwal dez in iiderz, and for 
de ferst kworter ov dis senti^ri der had bin a stedi deklin 
in de n^mberz rekorded ; bst, hapili for ol konsernd, de 
ar nou stedili inkriaig. 

In de winter a fq, berz and red foksez kros ever from de 
men land 3pon de is, and ar kild ; de blui foks, hmz fi^riz 
ov valq,, iz alen prezervd. Formerli si oterz (Lutra 
marina) kem in nvmberz, and der skinz wer seld for en- 
ormvs prisez ; b^t ov let yirz diz animalz dui not frikwent 
de Pribilov 5<landz. Se wolr^s simz tu bi a diferent 
varieti from ddt found in de Grinland siz. 

Digitized by 


2 Jan., 1875. 



From " Ereniiigs at Home, in Words of One Sjlkble," by permission 
of Messrs CMsell. Fetter, and Galpin. Price 2«. ed. 

•- r -| -| • ^ t ■^_ I 


O X 

y V." ; f 

\ I I x" 

\ s li_ A X " r I V " 1 I x" 

' c ; -\- Ja o \_ ^ . xi , ' 'V ; 
' )" ■ c ' o V "" . ^^. ' I / n <^ 

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^ . ^, ' Li I -V • <\ . o A-x 

y^ I. ^ V ' • 1 1" ^ > '<' "^ ' o .^ x 

. ^ U. N *-' y^ <r< a| o- ^ '^>' ° o 

° (-"I n^ ^, X\'^ v^ /- ■ 
A, ' f y. ^x y- V -I o ^ ^ s 
•^ ^, ^/- o \_ i;; ^."Ux c ; "I 

^ ^ ?^,;-^' n o V; , °;u 
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-j-'^" "I . ^x -^. ^ - y-_ ' 



Digrtized by VrrOOQlC 



2 Jan, 1875. 

' uumal iiutiDot 

atinct ! " If t 


WlistaQintere8tiog<*hi8tory "might be written of what we call 

v^ ^ ' ^ \^ ^ r\> 

the habits and actions of the cat who sleeps 
before our fire, and tlie dog who watches for our return, were 

all noted and compared, we might read raanj new and instructive pages 

^ =^ ^> ^ ^ ^ N t . n ' V 

for our guidance. We should be able to trace the motives and ideas 

/ -^ <.:^^, i^ -) ^ -,2y. . ^ 

which influence animal actions, either for their own good, or the good of 
others. We are too fond of evading the trouble of observation, thought, 

2l^, \ \ ^ ^- -t^, -^ '~ "^^ 

or research, upon what, in our ignorance, we call " minor 

^ ^x ^ P ^ — ^ -^'^^J y ! ^ 

We decide that animals cannot reason ; and, neglecting to 

cultivate their higiier qualities, take care that they shall not. Living all 

my early days in an old fiMhioned country house, without young relative 

or playfellow, I was considered a lonely child. When my lessons were 

over, the tender and judicious management of my mother secured 



their highe] 

gardens were at all seasons full of enjoyment ; nearly aU the year 
round, from my earliest infancy, I bathed in the sea, and acquired a ! 
knowledge of and affection for that element, which invigorates me even 

-- ^ ^"^ a ^ -^ ^ ^- ^ ^ 

now to think of. My sympathies were kept alive by the habit mj 

grandmother and mother cultivated of visiting the cottages, and attending 

themselves to the wants of the poor : a race of old servitors were delighted 
N f "" h> ^ ". ^," "" ^ V/-^x ,^ 
to tell me tales of " the troubles," and of all fairy land. But my 

chief pleasure arose from a desultory, yet continued observation of the habits 

of the creatures 

>! ^-1 


opportunity to my restless and active mind to manufacture my own 

j»x .J^vi^^r^>w>^V;' 

pleasures. Judidous books were left upon the always open piano ; and 
I waa encouraged to keep pets, provided I attended myself to their 

^„ ^ ^ — h ) ii, '^ '^ X "i i " 

wants; whatever I neglected was taken fh>m me. I do not think I 
ever passed in that deep retirement a single lonely hour ; the ample 

I was so kindly permitted to call my own. A room m a pretty 
rustic cottage in the " improvements" was my menagerie. I cultivated 

. -^ ^ ;^, '. ^ • y- k 1 ^ - 

the affection of owls, and made a bat so tame that it flapped to my 
hand for its food ; my hedgehog was as docile as a cat, and my magpie 

. 'k^ ^ ^; . -^ \^ ^.^ %• ^ 

the admiration of everyone ; but my prime minister, my prince of 
favorites, was a noble Newfoundland dog, by name Neptune, whom. 

V '^ ^ \ ^ - --^ ^; ^ ^ ^ 

I have often spoken of, and can never forget ; he was the chief of 
all — my friend and companion — a large shaggy fellow, who deaerred 

. -Y^ ^ '^ v^x C L. i: 'L ^ 

the immortality of Landseer's pencil. This dog achieved for himaelf 
a great reputation for courage, docility, and I suppose I must call it ' 
" instinct; " but he did things which made the people declare that the j 

Digitized by V^OO V l^ 

2 Jan., 1875. 


{Kesf on page 9.) 

°r; " " U^, ^ ^- t ) \^ ^ Lb 

^- r- 1., .:>.. -\- r-^ !>_ -- .,--' 


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-^•^^ V^x 

(To be continued.) 

""Digitized by V:jOOQIC 


2 Jan, 1875. 




^ 1 V 

{Kef on page 9.) 

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V {;^! ; - ix^ . ^ ^ A ' . -^ ^ 


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/ ^ 1 V ^) ^^k^ ^x 


Digitized by 


2 Jan, 1875. 


{Key to Corresponding StjfUy page 7.) 
"great dog at the big house was not right," — signifying that he 
knew more than became a dog to know. He was a retriever of 
no ordinary skill ; and with all his dignity, in his early days was 
as full of tricks as a monkey, though he performed them with a 
peculiar gravity. The only thing I could do to displease him 
was to laugh at him ; he could not bear to be laughed at, or to be 
looked at by any one wearing spectacles. 

Once on a time a friend came to pay us a visit, and being one 
of those short-sighted persons who cannot do without glasses, he 
seldom took them off ; he was very fond of dogs, and made sundry 
overtures to Neptune, who, instead of receiving them cordially, 
after his usual fashion, reefed his tail, folded himself up in a 
oomer of the room, and growled. We knew the cause of this in- 
civility, and told our friend of it. He removed his spectacles, 
laid them on the table, and called the dog. Neptune arose ; his 
tail gradually resumed its stately bearing ; he advanced, placed 
his paws on the gentleman's knees, looking steadily in his face ; 
—his eye caught sight of the spectacles ; in a moment, before 
there was time to prevent him, he had crunched them into a 
thousand atoms ! and though his gums were cut, the old servants 
never after could leave their spectacles within his reach ; if they 
did, Neptune destroyed them. Was this method of getting rid of 
▼hat he disliked ** instinct," or reason ? 

Whenever I laughed at him, he would vent his displeasure in 
a plaintive whine, and nothing I could do could induce him to 
follow me during the remainder .of the day ; he would look at me, 
or if I held it to him, lick my hand, but he would not follow. A 
great dog in the hamlet of Blackball fell upon a favorite spaniel 
of my grandmother's, and injured it severely. It was six weeks 
before Charger was about again ; when he was, Neptune accom- 
panied him to Blackball, feU upon the great dog, while Charger, 
still invalided, stood out of the way of the fight, on the top of a . - 
fence, barking furiously, until Neptune, having punished the dog 
for the assault upon his friend, returned with him to the house. 
"Was this " instinct," or reason P The cabin-curs in Ireland are 
great nuisances to whoever passes their doors, and besides being 
very insulting to strangers, are pugnacious amonprst themselves : 
Neptune treated them with contempt, unless they assailed his 
friends, or fought together ; then, indeed, he invariably interfered, 
seized the delmquent by the skin of the neck, shook it well, and 
left it there. 

His nature was anything but cruel, and he rather loved an easy, 
reflective sort of life, except when called to go to the aea ; then, 
indeed, he awoke the echoes with his deep-toned bark, and forgot 
altogether his usual dignity and composure. It was never neces- 
8»ry to call the groom to take a horse to the stable when Neptune 
was on the hall steps : not only would he lead the horse to the 
yard, but remain with it until ^e groom came. On one occasion 
the horse intrusted to his care, by an unexpected jerk of his head, . . 
got the bridle out of the dog's mouth, and broke away : instead 
of rmming after the horse, as a mindless dog would have done, 
Neptune rushed to the servants' hall, dragged the groom from the 
table, who followed the dog until he saw the runaway browsing 
in the avenue. 


{Key to Reporting Style, page 8.) 

" Y«, thoneb I walk through the valley of the shudow of death, I will fear 
Of 71I : for Thou art with me : Thy rod and Thv staff they comfort me."— 

The contemplation of death forces even the thoughtless to be 
*rious. Man is the only being who can hope for immortality, 
and the only being who is aware that he must die. Half of those 
▼ho are bom into the world die before they are fifteen years of 
age, and the largest portion of these die before they are seven 
years old. They are few in number who live to be " threescore 
years and ten." Whether our years be a few more or a few less, 
je ehall all have to pass through " the valley of the shadow of 

The idea of dying is a solemn one, and to most persons very 
painful. It makes us sad to think of parting with all who are 
dear to us on earth. It makes us feel sadder to think of the sor- 
row they will feel, or of the new anxieties our removal will bring 
upon them. Even though our life in the world has been a scene 


Dig+tized by 




2 Jan., 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; Gq, Jj; K k, Gg: 
peep, bib; imnght, deed; ehxaehjndqei coke, gig: 



Vv RlJ, ad; Ss, Zz; SJ, Xs: 
valve; brea/A,bre»fAe; tance, sLre; «Aip, 

Mm, N n, 1<J g : 

maiw, noon, siii^ : 

W3r^ Hr neig, az der ritigz ar W3^1^^ ridig. Sc ar Bek- 
ford, Woterton, Raskin and Emerson. CTnli a sort ov per- 
sonal interest j^stiQz W3n in plesig Bekford wid de rest. 
Hi woz 07 de erl, glari^s b^t tranjent ; de 3derz ar ov 
de hevenz, and der Ijvz and tiqigz ar for ol tim. It iz 
cmli in Bekford i wi/ tu interest \\ dis mornig. Az log 
ager az i kan remember, Bekford and hiz dmigz had an 
absorbig interest for mi, Sterriz ov hiz gret well, hiz 
k^ltiveted test, de magnifisens and grandor ov hiz 
s^ronndigz, and de mistikal sekluigon ov hiz l^f, lent a 
Qarm tu dis man'z ekzistens. Kot a boi ov mi ak wen tans 
b^t had onest fel in de k^rent belif dat Bekford*z ink^m 
woz a gini a minit ! Bekford*z rezidens di^rig de last 
twenti yirz ov hiz Ijf, woz at BbI. When i woz a y^g 
man i servd a Jort aprentisjip in de ofis ov de Siti Arkitekt 
at Bfil, Mr Lmis, hni woz personali akwented wid Bekford, 
and oke.^onali kons^lted him. Mr Lmis and de man hm 
med Bekford'z brats wer de crnli ttd personz i ever nii 
hra aktii,ali so dis mistiri^s personej. Mr Lmisofen teld 
mi ov Bekford'z vi|,z ov ligz, ov hiz tests and eksentrisitiz, 
or whot apird 83q tu ordinari fak. W3n instans i nou 
rekol, whig i remember akseptig az evidens ov m^ master'z 
konfidens in hiz art J7jment. A golik qisrq had J3st bin 
komplited in de neb«rhud ov BbI, and whig i beliv Mr 
Lrais had dez^nd. Wsn br^t mranlit ivnig Bekford rad 
doun from Lanzdoun hil, hiz rezidens, atended az H^ual 
bi hiz dworf, tu luk at de nil Q^^Q- When hi kem widin 
siig distans hi put spmrz tu hiz hors, galopt at hiz 3tmest 
spid around de QvrQ and den Jot of l^k an arer. Mr Lrais 
x^st tu iBfat de lot ov Bekford resig around dat qvrq, 
folerd bi hiz dworf, perfektli satisQd, perhaps horiQd wid 
hfif a minit's ekzaminejon ov whot had teken yirz tu bild. 
Bekford iz nan in art, histori and literatqr, az de bilder 
ov Fonthil Abi, and de CWor ov Vathek. Ov leser nert, 
b3t ov greter interest, az Jerig de man, ar hiz leterz from 
Itali, Spcn and Pertiigal, and hiz " Eekolek/onz ov an 
Eksk^r/on tu de Monasteriz ov Alkabeka and Batalha." 
Bekford iz xinik az an olor, and i^nik in hiz kon tempt 
for olorjip. Ol hi did sevord ov de marvelss, and Je^d a 
wonderful rezerv ov pouer. Hi rat de CTriental tel ov 
Vathek when hi woz twenti-tta, at a siggel sitig ov ;Jri 
dez and tta njts. It, houever, led him on hiz bak wid a 
fiver. It woz riten in Frenq, and p^blijt anonimssli, 
and its idiom woz ser pi^r dat for 83m tjm it woz regarded 
az de W3rk ov a Frengman, Hiz leterz from Itali, Spen, 
and Porrtiigal, in 1780 tu 1794, riten tu relativz, wer not 
p^bli/t til 1835. a e deskr^b Xirep 3nder de crld re^im, 
befer de devastejonz and ^psetigz ov d4t arg rober and 
disturber, Kaperlion, and when, az Bekford puts it, Venis 
enjoid her s^bmarin d^njonz, Frians her Bastil, and Spen 
her Inkwizijon. * hav red " Vathek " meni t^mz, and ig 
tjm wid aded interest and winder. It iz sed tu hav im- 
prest Biron*£ H^ful fansi : hi sed hi estimd it mar hili dan 
Jonson'z " Raselas." Kristofer Norl sez ov " Vathek," 
datit iz de ^nest ov CTriental rermansez, az " Lala Ruk " iz 
de Quest ov CTriental peremz. Se Amerikan Siklerpidia 

sez, ** Bekford p^bli/t a satirikal w^rk agenst artist*.'' 
clis m3st refer tu a boiij konsit ov Bekford'z. Whil yei 
a hI hi list tu bi misq ami^zd wid an aid houskiper, hm 
had a habit ov edifjig viziterz wid deskrip/onz ov de pent- 
igz at aid Fohthil, menli dron from her an fertil imajin- 
ejon. Sis simz tu hav s^jested tu Bekford de konsit ot 
kompjlig and printig a katalog ov svpozitij^s penterz, wid 
der historiz, ikwali fansiful and gratesk. Sis hi p-sblijt 
at de ej ov seventin. It iz sed dat de houskiper, wid her 
y3g master'z printed gjd, " SEe Memworz ov Ekstraor- 
dinari Penterz," in her hand, wud deskant on de merits 
ov " Og ov Bfijan and Wotersloug ov Amsterdam, der 
w^vz and Stjlz," ol ov whig woz resivd bj de kyntri 
skwjrz and der fer kompanionz in perfekt fe5. 

It iz in Bekford'z Skeqez from Itali dat wi si merst oy 
de man. Hi woz de rigest koinoner in Iggland, wid a 
yirli ink^m ov w^n hundred ^ouzand poundz, — ^ikwal in 
p^rqesig pouer tu about hafa milion dolarz ov our mirni.— 
a yyg man ov k^ltiveted test, aki^t sensibiliti, mHuifisens 
and jin7S. G!e gret Erl ov 6atham stud sponsor at hiz 
baptizm, and woz adv^zer in hiz erli stsdiz and trenig. 
Wiliam Pit woz hiz kompanion, Mazart hiz mi{,zik ti^er, 
and Volter pated him on de hed in de we ov a blesig. 
Hi traveld wid a retina ov lerti pipel, n^mberz ov Qn 
horsez, and a strig ov karejez. Hiz retinii inklmded a 
kuk, an artist, a doktor, miizijanz and a savan tu ed him 
in hiz literari resergez. Hiz well and test gend him ad- 
mijon tu eni sas^eti hi dez^rd ; indid, hi woz sot b^ nabel 
and roial fak ; for dis rizon hiz deskripjon ov de aid order 
ov ligz pozesez a i^nik intersst. 

[Mr Pitman red ekstrakts from Bekford'z w^rks ; W3n 
deskr^big a vizit tu de monasteri ov Alkabaka, perhaps 
de grandest ekliziastikal edifis in Perrti^gal. pozesig pent- 
igz, i^nik tramz, fountenz, wher de msgks livd in pomp 
and splendor W3rdi ov ekliziastikal prinsez. Bekford and 
hiz frendz wer kond^kted tu de kigen ov de monasteri bi 
de Abot in hiz kostqm ov Hj Almoner ov Parti^al, dat 
de m^t si de prepare/onz dat had bin med tu regel dem.] 
" ae kiQen woz W3rdi ov a Vathek ! Rrm de senter 
ov de imens and nabli groind hoi, not les dan siksti fit 
in diameter, ran a brisk rivi^let ov de klJrest woter, kon- 
tenig everi sort and s^z ov de Quest river Gj, On wsn 
s^d, ladz ov gem and venizon wer hipt -sp ; on de 7der, 
vejetabelz and frrat in endles varjeti. Beyond a log Ija 
ov starz, ekstended a ra ov -^venz, and Idas tu dem hil- 
loks ov whiten flour, whiter dan sna, roks ov /agar, jarz 
ov de purest oil,'[and pestri in vast ab^ndans ; whiQ a nq,- 
mer3s trjb ov le br^derz, and der atendants wer ralig 
oat, and p3 fig 3p in a h3ndred diferent Jeps, sigig ol de 
why az bljdU az larks in a kom-fild." 

Ferg3Son in hiz Qn ** Histori ov Arkitektiir," sez dat 
tu Bekford and B33kin iz menli dv^ de modern revival in 
godik arkitektiir and art. E38kin ti^ez bekoz hi kanot 
rest widout ekspazig rog and folshud, and telig whot bi 
belivz tu bi i^sful and trra. Bekford bilt pq,rli for senju^s 
gratifikejon. Hi had bal test and minz, b3t woz, j imajin, 

Digitized by 


2 Jan., 1875 



LI, Br: W w, 

fatt, roar: »ay. 

Yy, Hh. 

yea, *ay. 

— Aa, Ab; Ee, Ce; li, Li: O o, (Do; 1$ s, 

— pat, alms; p«t, age; p»t, eat: pot, all; but. 



U u, UJ m. 

pift, ooze. 

my, n«w. 

3terli Indiferent wheder yderz wer beneBted or injurd 
derbi- Bekford inherited de eatet at Fonthil, whig hi 
inklozd wid nja mi\z ov h; brik wol tu kip oat introiderz. 
RtT stud de paternal man Jon, whiq hi paid doon ta bild 
de magnifisent stmktiir nem az Fonthil Abi. It woz a 
Yut ^o;}ik pil, merr l^k a monasteri or a kalJdral dan an 
iQfi^liJman'z ham, wid a toner tm hundred and eti fit h^. 
" ais str^ktiir woz Ijk a remdns. On w^n okejon, when 
dig touer woz pa/ii) its krest teard heven, an eleveted 
part ov it kot Qr and woz destroid. H.e sjt woz ssblim ; 
and wi hav herd dat it woz a spektakel whiQ de ener en- 
joid wid az mvQ kompergur az if de flemz had not bin 
devourig whot it wud kost a forti^n tu repcr. Se bildii) 
woz karid on bj him wid an enerji and eniq^ziazm ov whig 
d^ler mjndz kan hardli form a konsepjon. At w^n piriod 
eyeri kart and wagon in de distrikt woz prest inta de 
servifl, der ol de agriksliiiral lebor ov de kounti stud stil. 
At an^der iven de roial w^rks ov St Jorj'ez Gapel, Wind- 
sor, wer abandond, dat ferr hundred and siksti men m^t 
bi emploid n^t and de on Fonthil Abi. Siz men relivd 
iQ3der bj regular wogez ; and dqrig de loggest and dark- 
est n^ts ov winter de astonijt traveler mj[t si de touer rjzii) 
irnder der handz, de trouel and torg biii) as^/ieted for ddt 

Bv\rir) m^brif aprentisjipj never tjrd ov hirig de sterriz 
OT tui ov de karpenterz hui had W3rkt at Fonthil. M^ ferst 
impre/onz ov de arkit^ktqr and art glerriz ov de pics wer 
der^rd from der deskripjonz, and i hav tu-de a vivid rekol- 
ek/on ov de masivnes ov de erk gets whig led tu de Abi, 
de bqti ov de joineri, de intrikasi ov de ponderss loks, 
and de strei)! ov de gret bras hinjez. 

€emberz*ez Ensjklorpidia, from whicj j red de last eks- 
trakt, sez : ** At Fonthil Bekford livd in a stjl ov CTriental 
hksiiri and vis." * hav rjzon tu beliv dis tu bi 3ntrui. 
Bekford had tai m3<3 sensibiliti tu bi vi/^s. When hi 
woz seventi-siks yirz ov ej hi teld Sjrsa Redig, dat hi 
had never nem a mement*s af)nui in hiz l^f. Leter dan 
dat hi told .Mr Lmis dat if hi livd til hi woz a hundred, 
hi had svfijent okqpejon tu kip him bizi and hapi. Hi 
woz n9n agen and agen tu spend mcni midn^t ourz, kw^t 
al9n, in eksplerrig and enjoiig de intirior ov kalidralz and 
sder gerstli plesez. Hi d^d in 3844, when hi woz eti-Qv 
yirz ov ej, from a sevir ko-ld, kot wh^l on a j^rni tu Paris 
tu sek^r s^ym literari tresurz den ferst oferd for sel. aiz 
ar not de indikejonz ov a vij^s l^f. 

Se 8eklai3on and misteri ov Bekford z l^f, and de kaprij- 
78 and magni6sent we in whiQ hi indsljd hiz tests, sim 
tu hav misled B^ron intu de belif dat hi had bilt a fcri pales 
at Sintra, in de neb^rhud ov Lizbon. B^ron referz tu it 
in de Ferst Kanter ov Gild Harold :-r 

Od slerpii) moundz, or ui de yel benid, 

ar dorms, wher, wh|lcrm Kiga did mck reper ; 

bvfc nou de w^ld flouerz round dem cmli brid : 

jet nuind splendor etil is lig'gerir) der, 

and yonder touerz de Prins'ez pales fer, 

der dou, tui, Vathek ! Iggland's welJicst syn, 

wsuB formd d^ Paradis, az not awer 

when wonton weld her mitiest dids hai dvn, 

mik pis TolirptiiTS loirz woz ever wont tu Jvn. 

Apelton'z Siklo'pidia stets dat Bekford bilt a feri pales 
at Sintra, b^t i Qnd hi did not liv der ttu yirz ; hi me 
hav okiipid, b^t did not bild, a pales der. 

In 1822 Fonthil woz serld, and Bekford kem tu liv in 
Bat. Hi had lost tta ov hiz estets in Jameka, on whig hi 
had 1,500 slevz. Hi.serld de Abi>nd a perrjon ov hiz pent- 
igz, jemz ov art and f^rnitiir, and de rezidi^ — yet a per- 
fekt min ov wel:t, — hi brot tu de hous, and tu de touer hi 
bilt on Lanzdoun hil, Bsl. S[e London Timz in 1822, when 
deskribig de sel at Fonthil, sed, " Hi iz fortqnet hm Qndz 
a vekant ^er widin twenti milz ov Fonthil, and de soliti^d 
ov a privet apartment iz a l^ksq^ri whig {\\ kan hap for ;" 
— scr intens woz de dezir ov de nerbiliti and jentri ov Iggland 
tu avel demselvz ovdis gans tu si de intirior and kon tents 
ov dis fabq,l3S pil. It woz after de sel' at Fonthil dat 
Bekford livd at Sintra ; hi rezided der ornli whil hiz rezi- 
dens at BbI woz biig komplited. In de Literari QazSt, 
1822, Hazlit sez :— 

** Fontil Abi, after biig envelopt in impenetrabel misteri 
for a legl ov yirz, haz bin ^snekspektedli ;}rern epen tu de 
vijlgar gez, and haz lost n^n ov its repntejon for magni- 
6sens. . . . £ips ov perl and siz ov amber ar skers a 
febel hir, — a notil58*ez Jel, surmounted wid a gerld tri^mf 
ov Neptqu, tebelz ov aget, kabinets ov eboni and prej??s 
sternz, pented windoz Jedig a godi krimzon lit, satin bor- 
derz, marbel flarz, k^rps med from siggel jemz, and lamps 
ov solid geld, ©iniz pagodaz and Perjian tepestri, whot- 
ever iz far-fegt and dir bot, rig in de matirialz or rer and 
diGk^lt in de workman Jip." 

8!e Mekaniks' Institiit Librari ov dis siti iz rig in 
pozesig de il^streted w^rk on Fonthil, kontenig kvlord 
stil plet viiz ov de ekstirior and intirior. 3[e P^blik Li- 
brari olsa pozesez an orijinal kopi ov Bekford*z " Skegez 
from Itali," wid a Qn stil perrtret. Bekford *z az a f es u 
wil lik tu luk at. Hi woz skersli ab^v dejmidi^m hit, 
slender, b^t wel formd, wid fiti^rz indiketig gret sensi- 
biliti, switnes, and poner. 

If der bi eni desideret^m for overdriven hi^maniti in 
dis fast-gerig ej, it iz ser tu harmoniz de kondi/onz ov ak- 
tiviti and rest dat de me heWfuli altemet widig 3der, wid 
az litel stren az posibel ^pon de vitalz, and espejali on d4t 
sentral and ever-aktig organ, de hart. Hon tu w^rk ig 
de, bodili and mentali, S9 az tu ekspend in di^tiful efort 
a fer maksimsm ov de fars avelabel widout kwit ekzostig 
it, and sertenli widout droig on de rezerv, and d^s bi ebel, 
after de di^ amount ov slip and rest, tu rezi^m ekzer/on 
on a similar skel nekst de— dis iz de problem ; and it iz 
for everi man tu determin and akt it out for himself. Se 
bodi iz de mind*z vesel, and ol tu bi ritli, rajonali, and 
wizli qzd. '5'nder an^der aspekt de bodi iz de mind'z 
vesel, and ot tu bi wel and wizli rmld. W3n, hmz ek- 

Digitized by V^OO^ \S^ 



2 Jan., 1875. 

zampel wi ol revir, tuk ker, az hi telz ^s, " tu kJp hiz bodi 
in s^bjekjon.** Bqtiful and grcsfal iz de stid, and nerbel 
its pcrrt, when ferrali kontrerld bj de rjder ; b3t alas for 
bo^, when de stid tcks de uper hand, and dajez of wid 
himself and rider on de red tu destrskjon ! 

S^m fiziolojist gev epejal prominens tu de jdia dat de 
hart iz konstr^kted tu tel of a determinet number or pvl- 
pejonz and den stop, and lif alog wid it. 3i8, doutles, iz 
tui isolcted or WTra-sjded a we oy putig de kes, siig dat de 
hart iz b^t de senter ov a konekted setov organz dat arol 
ke-operativ and interaktiy. B^t alouig for die, der iz 
Jairli a larj amount ov solem and self-evident trm^ in de 
clikt^m. It iz in manifest harmoni wid modern jdiaz ov 
foTB. Lven de popi^^lar m^nd in its merst 3ntn,tord stet n<Tz 
whot iz ment bj " livig fast," bi ** ar^n-doun konstitijon/' 
bi a man " r^nig ^rui himself," az wi se in Skotland, or 
bj a man " b^rnig dp kandel at bent endz." 3.e grct em 
Jud bi tu h"5zband ferrs whil ekspendig it; ne, whot iz 
pcrfektli praktikabel at meni stejez ov l^f, ser tu ekspend 
it az not <ynli tu h^zband fcrrs hist tu inkris it— ser tu tred 
wid our vital kapital az not ernli tu avoid los bTjt tu amas 

In de kin str^pel for ekzistens der iz a larj marjin left 
tu ?8 for fOTS, and ofen ekstra ekzerjon, ea w^nderfuli ar 
wi konstnrkted, and ser bountifuli ar wi prervided wid 
vital foTS and its ministrants. It iz dis whi^ wi so ofen 
abqz and pervert intu a sner. Wi ^er-ekzert ourselvz, 
and den fli tu intoksikants tu brig ourselvz i^p ; whiq iz 
^i tu ekzert ourselvz in an3der form hi Icig ekstra bur- 
den on our eliminetig organz, and sk^rjig dem tu buit. 
If wi rezort tu sedativz, se in de tui komon form ov tcr- 
bdka, dis iz <ynli ^ negativ mad ov duiig de sem ^ig— an 
osilejon tu de ^der ekstrim. wid de sem rez^lt in de end. 
Szq altemct mmvments ar de mir reboundz ov disorder. 
Emrli der iz a merr ekselent we. 

Bagk heven, der iz. Sat we iz tu abjmr medikejon 
oltugeder, «nles eksepjonali. and in de last rezort. It 
standz tu rizon dat ser kompleks and deliket a majin az de 
hiiman organizm kanot bi harmonizd and kept goig hi 
artifijal rezorts ov mir qek and kounter-Qek. Ov de 
miriadz oy prwesez huiz harmemi^s akjou siystenz Uf and 
konstitiits hell, ekstrimli limited iz our nolej, and stil mar 
limited our kontrcrl. Everi wiz man wil se, Let ^s direkt 
whot nolej ov our organizm wi hav tu de gret em ov in- 
terfirig wid it az litel az posibel. dat it me bi, az far az 
wi kan kontriv tu kip it, a self-harmonized, self-aktig, 
self-adjvstig maJin. 

ais iz troi Temperans. Sis iz de veri imperrt ov de Nh 
Testament ncm for it, and de trra konsepjon ov de vertii 
itself. It iz de moral ekwipoiz and balans ov de man. It 
givz a man de us ov himself. Hens its konekjon in Skrip- 
tiir M-id de eksersiz ov vijilans. "Bi scrber, bi vijilant." 
It enebelz its s^bjekt tu " gerd yp de loinz ov hiaf mind " 
and tu "kwit himself lik a man." 

Whot us tu mek ov alkoholjks in dis konekjon iz ol toi 
plen. ae proper i^s tu mek ov dem iz tu absten from dem, 
and tek de sad revelejonz ov der dir efekts herm tu our 
miudz and harts, and t«m dem tu akount az solera wornigz 

for our ern behmf and dat ov «derz. Ol medikal siens— 
kimikal, fiziolojikal, palolojikal — biig witnes, de efekt ot 
alkohol on de human sistem iz dist^rbig andinjuiri78,aDd 
when indvljd in persistentli and tu whot iz kold ekses, de 
havok iz absolmtli fritful. Setel eliminejon and ^der 
kwestionz reletig tu it az u P^^z, ol dis iz trui ; and trm 
it wil remen, az sertenli az God'z organik loz wil remen. 
Hapi de man dat teks wornig, and Jeps hiz rekwirmenta 
ov rest and aktiviti in akordans wid de klirli rerild loz 
ov hiz kompleks biig.— ii^ JamaL 

Wudz in Otitm. — Hiu has not bin strxk wid de b^ti ov de wndz m 
otviq, when de livz genj der kvlor, and from wsn dsl uniform grin 
beksm tinted wid even varieti or hu ? Ke buti ov de fedig flouen 
apirs; tu hav bin traneferd tu de liv2, az if Netur wud rival, at de 
klorz ov de grorin sizon, dcrz qarmz wid whig Ji adomd herself a( its 
komensment. ais last obzerve/on iz spejali aplikabel tu de otvoual 
tinte bv de forests ov ^or5 Amerika, whiq ar merr vivid and piktur^ 
dan dorz virid whig otsm kvlorz an Ii)gH/ landskep ; in fakt, an ot^m 
in Verjinia, Menland, or Pensilvcnia, iz a gapter ov de bu^i ov &t 
w»rld for whig de orld Continents hav ncr paralel. He berl ov dis b^ti 
iz az ssden az its durejon iz trt^n/ent. A siggel n^t's frost, and de 

q,niform grin ov de sKmer wudz iz svksided h\ de k^lorz ov ptfm 
•—dis in GH der rig and inimitabel Jedz. Ke forests ov Norl Ameriki 
konsist prinsipali ov crk, hikori, big, gesnvt, mepel, sour g^m, sasafras. 
and dog wud mtermiggeld wid evergrinz, s^g az de diferent varjetia 
ov Amerikan holi, pjnz, fer, and jwniper. Ser iz, derfcrr, kw|t a va- 
rjetiov desidi^ss-livd triz, and ig ov dem haz a regular sariz ovk^lora 
;Jrm whig its Uvz pas after de hav resivd de deJ-strerk ov de frost. Se 
s<ylar spektrxm iz ekzosted in dis fantastik disple ov kvlorz. A sii)* 
gel tri s^mtimz standz a pilar ov f^r or a gliterin kloud ov gold and 
p^rpel ; whil, agen, de krimzon blxd di iz s^ksided h\ a tri whig hai 
teken its hu from de godi yelor ov de nast^r/irm kyps or de ** dolfin'x 
bak ov gerld." Smn, tm smn, de brjl k«lorz fed ! A fq ourz arsym- 
timz s«n/ent tu mar ol dis Ixvlines. A gcnj in de temperatqr or 
moistur ov de er and de buti iz gon. It haz vani/t Ijk de renber peDte<i 
on de storm kloud. 8!e brit and verid k^lorigz ar svksided bi de d^l 
and i^niform rsset hu ov de ded and widerd lif— de dark b^oun intu 
whig it passz, er malderii) intu dirst and ded^. 

/^e /foA/a^z ar /e/c/, ar/^, ^u Be /er/, 
ane/ Ba wAeit/ieren aaune/ ov Be /./Lf/^/o/oner/ / 
Be wcne/z /i/e n& /on^er anc/ a<M en Bex /ivz, 
nor Be ^il^x /^(Puoe/ on i^ arr/ea Ber fw^! red a vs. 

t%ae/h ^arz na(/ e^Adl acnd f utf)^ /<r^« a i^y^ 

ov n9^ /evorU /a^, an</ Be /ay 4^ w/ier Be arAt, 

wden /e4o/c/ / on Ber <^^ ^^ Be araa Be tcer /ea, 

anc^j^ da^ on Be Itaz ¥n(/er wn€(^ f, na(/ d^rec/, 

Ibe //a4.oer(/ ^at/ do^ oa^ anvBer re/rAd, 

m/ter Be Aezc/z a^rc/ ntm a d^rAn ^foi^i Be Aa^/ 

a,*ic/ Be ^Kn {i^der ntz no^ Aae/ o/if <^arm</ ma ^/of, 

/a/rezount/ wtB mz amAiB". 



no nior. 

/6/' /yjUcv "UArz ar o-/ A^ddeney aute, 
anc/ ^ tnrd^ mj',ae^//y az ton az Be, 
OicB a /vrjf ad m^ /redd, anc/ a a /on ad mf> nc(/, 
er anvBer dY(^ arov r^zez yA tn edd ddec/. 

Tje c.en/ oofi mi, Aard anr/ mf. /andc em^docz, 
anf/ p^ ficy4 ott Be ^eddi ov man anc/ /lez ^otz ,' 
/ord'/ az wa, a^r, ^ed our ^/e^itrz, wa, 4 a, 
Aav a adcY/o^der (Zed, anc/ cdi meaner Ban haa. 

Digitized by 


9 Jan., 1875. 





Cimmunicaiioiu/or thit Department qftke Jowmal, Notieee qfBcweireukaorif 
etc., ekould be wrUten eeparaUlyjrom UUen, and marked " Journal." 
DERBY. From W, L. Smith.— At the beginning of last win- 
ter I oommenoed learning Phonography, and in nine months, 
thanks to the kindness and valaable assistance of Mr Payne, one 
of our leading Derby phonographers, I attained a speed of 120 
words per minute. Mr Payne has now classes containing 31 pu- 
pils. The progress of Phonography in our town within the last 
twelve months has been remarkable ; the demand for copies of 
the FhoneUe Journal is {ax larger than in any other town of the 
same population. The attention of all Derby phonographers 
should l^ called to the fact that although they are so many in 
number, the town possesses neither a phonographic magazine of 
its own, nor a Shorthand Writers* Association. I am sure Mr 
Payne would be glad to receive from the phonographers in Derby, 
Nottingham, and vicinity, the addresses of those who may be will- 
ing to co-operate in the movement. Mr Payne's address is Am- 
brose street, Derby. 

ONTARIO. Canada. From S, 0. TToorf.— Phonography is 
slowly but steadily making headway here ; several coming to me 
for lessons. I have been requested to start a regular class, but I 
am afraid I cannot do so just yet, as my other duties are too pres- 
sing. Mr Newton Wolverton, a student at the Toronto Univer- 
sity, who took a scholarship in senior mathematics, and first-class 
honors in general proficiency at the examination in September, 
wrote to me a few weeks ago for some shorthand books. He had 
practised Phonography some ^ears ago, but had given it up. He 
now takes all his lectures in it, and is highly pleased with the ad- 
vantages it gives him. He has agreed to place the Fhonetic Jour- 
nal upon ttie table of the reading room of the University if I will 
supply it This I have gladly consented to do, and send you 
herewith an order for an extra copy for that purpose. This will 
serve to bring Phonography before the notice of just that class 
who are most likely to make use of it. I am glad to see that 
phonographers propose to present the new Phonetic Institute as a 
testimonial to you : I heartily agree with the proposition ; ' please 
put my name down for £1, besides the few shillings I sent before. 
PAISLEY. — For sometime back Mr James Hunter, M*Dowall 
street, has been gratuitously teaching Pitman's Phonography to a 
number of young men. Certain gentlemen interested in the pro- 
motion of the art and the welfare of the joung men, offered prizes 
in Older to stimulate them in their studies. For these prizes an 
examination was conducted on Wednesday evening, 23 December, 
by Mr T. WHkie, and Mr Peter M'Kinlay, Secretary of the Pais- 
ley Phonetic Society. At the close Mr Wilkie presented the 
prizes to the successful students. He urged the members to in- 
creased assiduity in the practice of the art, and congratulated them 
on the marked success they had attained during the session. Mr 
M'Kinlay gave a sketch of the manner in which the Paisley So- 
ciety is conducted- A very cordial vote of thanks was awarded 
to the examiners. Steps are being taken to organise a Shorthand 
Writers' Association for the mutual acquisition and practice of 
Phonography. The donors of the prizes were Jas. Finlaysoa, esq., 
of Merchiston, Bailie Weems, Mr Jas. Armstrong, and a ** Friend." 
SUNDERLAND. From Thomas Meicalf,^K phonographic 
class has been started in connection with the Young Men's Chris- 
tion Association in this town. On the 12th January a lecture on 
Phonography will be delivered by Mr C. R. Walker, in the lec- 
ture room of the Association, commencing at eight o'clock ; after 
which an elementary class will be formed. The advanced class 
meets on Tuesdays from 9 to 10 in the evening. Many phono- 
graphers have already come forward to help in this movement, 
and it is hoped that many more will do so, as we believe that the 
formation of these classes will prove of great benefit to all who 
may jein us, and create an interest in Phonography throughout 
the town. In connection with the Association there is a literary 
class, and public lectures are delivered fortnightly, to which mem- 
bers of the Association are admitted free of charge. 


" An Engineer " writes as follows to the Editor of the Hull 
Evening News. 

If what I have advanced in my first letter in connection with 
the above subject be admitted to be true, namely, that the bulk 
of the children who receive instruction in the Government Schools 
of this coimtry pass through those schools without having acquired 
the ability to read their mother tongue with any^iing approaching 
to ease and intelli^nce, I think all will admit — working men 
especially — that it is time the reasons for this inability to read on 
the part of these children were inquired into. There may, how- 
ever, be some of your readers doubtful of the accuracy oi what I 
have advanced. Such I would refer to the Report mentioned in 
my last, as also to a Report of the Educational Aid Society con- 
nected with the town of Birmingham, which shows, after a very 
careful examination of a large number of both sexes between the 
ages of thirteen and sixteen, employed in the manufactories there, 
that not more thanfour and a half per cent, were able to read a 
simple sentence from an ordinary school-book with intelligence 
and accuracy. Other towns are proportionately backward in this 

A further proof that our educational machinery has been in- 
capable of doing its work for some time past, lies in the fact that 
we have upwards of four millions of the adult population in this 
country who can neither read nor write. Now, saying nothing 
of the drunkenness and crime that ignorance always engenders, 
is it not most likely that the better culture and superior intelli- 
gence of the artisan classes in those coimtries which we find are 
daily entering into competition with us will eventually prevent 
our manufactures from keeping the field against them, and bring 
about what many are fearing, viz., ** the loss of our commerci^ 
supremacy ?" I suppose it was with some such prospect as this 
that everyone who tiiought at all of the matter seemed some four 
or five years since to have arrived at the conclusion that •' primary 
instruction " was a vital necessity to our ever-increasiog popula- 
lation. To ^ve this "primary instruction" to the people the 
Elementary Education Act of 1870 was passed, but one fails to 
find throughout the whole of it one word having reference to any 
mode or system of imparting "primary instruction." Thirty 
years ago we were told that the National School system was 
going to do everything for the rising generation of children ; they 
were at least to be taught the three R's thoroughly. Were they 
so taught ? One of Her Majesty's School Inspectors will answer. 
He says : " Almost similar expectations were excited then as in 
this present 1871. It was hoped that good progress would be 
made in twenty years in the general education of the people and 
that eve^ child of eight years of age would be able to read the 
Bible. The wish and the hope have proved fallacious. In our 
best schools the education has not much exceeded that given twenty 
years back in the best schools of that period." So that really the 
smattering of the three R's that was attempted to be taught, was 
in the end in the highest degree unsatis£Eu;tory ; and so it will be 
twenty years hence if the causes of " hindrance " to the acquisition 
of the £M and most important of the three R's, namely, reading, 
is not grappled with by our educational 'leaders ; for it is an in- 
disputable fact, that no child or adult ever takes interest in a book 
imless it can be read with some degree of pleasure ; and the lack 
of this ability is the great reason why the mnjority of the cliildren 
who leave the national and other schools soon merge into the non- 
reading class, and take pleasmre in amusements that are neither 
instructive nor intellectual 

Now, this hindrance to the attainment of the art of reading, 
with ease and intelligence, or in other words, the spelling hindrance, 
is chiefly caused by the difficulties of our orthography ; but, like 
almost all other difficulties it can be got over, when wisely and 
judiciously met. There are, I know, persons who deny that there 
is any spelling difficulty at all, and who say that they have no 
recollection of ever haymg had any difficulty in learning to read, 
or hesitation in writing any word they wished to use. To such 
the subject I am attempting to bring before the notice of your 
readers, will, possibly, appear useless, but such persons I am 
afraid are seldom to be met with. The diffi 3ulties of our ortho- 
graphy have iormed the subject of profound study of some of the 
most learned phUologists, lexicographers, educationalists, and 

Digitized by V^OO^ IV:: 



9 Jan., 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; G q, J 
p99p, bib} tmnght, deed; eknTek,jnd< 


; eolre, 

Ff, Vv; Rl ad; Ss. Zz; X J, S3: Mm, N n, T^ g : 
/ear, valve; brea/Jk, brea^Jbe ; Mace, nxe; «Aip, a«are: maim, noon, eing z 

others ; and they have all, in one way or another, suggested 
modes of oyercoming these difficulties, but up to the present time 
no one of these modes has ever, to my knowledge, come into 
practical use in our schools. There cannot, I think, be a doubt 
in the mind of anyone who has studied the English language, that 
it would hare been better for Christianity, science, literature, and 
commerce, if it had been handed down to us from our forefathers 
spelled as it should be pronounced. But such not being the case, 
the questions that have naturally presented themselves to all the 
late writers and thinkers on the subject appear to have been 
these : — 1st. Ought the alphabet of the language to be enlarged 
so as to have a symbol for each sound in it P 2nd. Considermg 
the millions who already speak and read it as it is now written, 
is it advisable to keep it as it is, and adopt the best means possible 
to get over the difficulties of teaching its orthography and pronun- 
ciation P Of course I am assuming that your readers generally 
admit — 1st. That our spelling renders learning to read, as at 
present taught, unnecessarily difficult 2nd. Tnai our spelling 
renders learning to write still more difficult than learning to read. 
3rd. That our spelling conveys to a learner — whether child, adult, 
native, or foreigner — not the slightest information as to the way 
in which the words are to be pronounced. If these propositions 
are admitted, it remains to be seen what has been done in the way 
of removing these difficulties from the path of the learner in his 
endeavor to acquire the art of reading his motJier tongue. The 
further consideration of this important matter I must defer to a 
future letter. 


1 Avlward W. W.. 7 The Grore, Reading 
t * 1 Benham C. E., St Mary's hooae, Colchester : scholar 
t * 1 Benham W. O., 61 Crouch street, Colchester 

Booth J., Prospect cottage, Osmonothorpe lane, York road, Leeds 

Collins H. M., 4ff Union road, Botherhithe, London 

Gilbert Wiiliano, Copperhoose : boiler naaker 

Harris Charles W., Copperhonse : teacher 

Hookham Fred., Copperhonse : teacher 

James Charles. Uayle : grocer 
8 Leet A. W., The Rectory, Tarbert, 00. Kerrr, Ireland 
S Moss J. A., Occupation road, Mold green, Hnddersfield 

1 Nptherwood F., Deighton, Huddersdeld : pupil teacher 

8 O'Rorke T.. Vicarston, Stradbally, Queen's co., Ireland : R. I. consiabnlary 

2 Pepworth W. H., Post office, Brandon, Suffolk : telegraph clerk 
1 Pitchfjrd E., Post office, Oakengate, Salop 

1 Stewart R., Mechanics' Institution, Bacup, nr. Manchester : schoolmaster 

8 Taylor John, Fonndrr, Hayle : shoemaker 

8 Thomas N. R., Foundry, Uayle : clerk 

8 Webb Tom W., 107 Exeter street, Salisbury 

8 Williams Thomas, Copperhonse : shoemaker 

AU^roHont qfAddrea, 
Ann James, from Swindon to 14 Peel terrace, Southsea 
Bengongh T.«yVvfl» Moreurj/ office, Guelph, Ontario, to General Freight office. 

Grand Tnuik Railway, Toronto, Canada 
Carr Rer. J., from Oakham, RntUnd, to 13 Deer Park terrace, Tenby 
Lewis George, fivm 35 Wentworth street to 27 Florence St., Liverpool, If. 

L€tUr$ of inquitji to ik€ BdU4>r qf tki$ Journal, mutt contain a pottage ttamp 
or an addre$»td potteard. Every eommunieaiion mutt be authenticated by 
the name and addreet ^ the writer, not necettarilyfor publication, but as a 
guarantee qfgoodfaUk. 

Wanted, seireral members to fill np racancies on the postal list of the 
" Roundabout Papers. " The following periodicals — Shorthand Magasine, 
Lecturer, Cabinet, Standard, Phonosrapher, and Eclipse, are circulated 
monthly, in two packets, which travel in opposite directions, each accom- 
panied by paper lor discussitms, remarks, correspondence, etc. Mo entrance 
fee; annual subscription, 2/6, to be paid in advance. The Christmas num> 
hers will be sent with the January numbers to those who join at once. For 
further particulars address, enclosing stamped addresseci envelope, Mr A. 
H. Moore, 26 High street^ Kewtownards. 


Benham C. E., St Mary's house, Colchester 
Benham W. G., 61 Crouch street, Colchester 
ColliBs H. M., 47 Union road, Rotherfaithe, London 
Stewart B., Mechanics Institution, Bacup, near Manchester 



cle folcrii) artikel iz transleted from a WeW niizpeper ov 
1871 :— 

It iz nern not emli tu de riderz ov Seren Kamri {Seren 
Cymru), b^t to de pipel ov Ig gland, and olser to derz ov 
deXX.S. 07 Amerika, dat after de jeueral elekjoa ov 1868 a 
larj number ov farmerz and 3derz in de kounti ov Kar- 
di|?an and 3der plesez in Welz wer t^md out ov der farmz 
and hvmstedz Iroi havig, at de last jeneral elekjon, given 
der verts in akordans wid der 9n politikal and relij^s 
erpinionz. Ov kers, dis woz not de ekski^s given when de 
nertieez in kwit wer servd, bvt pipel wer not ser bljnd az 
not tn bi ebel tu si ^rm de ekskiisez whiQ de ejents oferd. 
Wi n^ ov W3n prerpr^etres hui ernz an estct in de kounti 
ov Karmarden, denseiii, widout de list rezerv, dat Ji m^st 
hav G^rgmen "hm ar Tcrriz for her tenantri. Se troll iz, 
de " fcr seks " ar far mcrr zel»s, vjolent, and rallies in 
elekjon t^mz dan de opozit seks. Wi hav had meni ek- 
zampelz ov dis in Welz. It woz a rcr lig in our k^ntri 
til letli tu t^rn pipel from der farmz and hermz bek(dz 
ov der politikal erpinionz. Wi hav herd ov evikjonz in 
^rland, and meni wer redi tu blem de pmr $rij pezantri 
for it, b3t havig had a test ov diz evikjonz in our ern k^ntri 
wi ar ebel tu simpal^z wid de ^J in der tr^alz WI4I biig 
driven from der hermz. 

Probabli n^ig mar hart-rendig ever ok^rd dan d4t 
whig tuk pics on de estet ov ^Alltyrodyn) in de parijez 
ov Land^sil and Baggor, in de kounti ov Eardigan, last 
Mikelmas. A korespondent in de Baner Kvmri for last 
Saterde givz a tolerabli ful akount ov it, and wi tek de 
liberti tu pies de folo>ig 83mari befor our riderz. 

SLe estet menjond, Alt3r6din, at de t^m ov de last 
jeneral elek/on woz in de Kcrrt ov Ganseri. Last Mikel- 
mas, et ov de tenants wer dispozest ov der farmz and 
h^mz bi W7n ov de ejents, after resivig siks minis' nertis. 
Fjv ov d.iz wer farmerz. W^n woz a taner and k^rier 
hm held a fii ekerz ov land, der hi depended Qifli ^pon hiz 
tred. An3der woz a miler hoi held a larj mil, \yst H9 
land, cle etl woz a Jop-kiper hm livd on de land ov an- 
3der estct, b3t hi held a fn ekerz ov land on de ab3v 
men/ond estet. 3!e Qv farmerz and de taner, priviss to 
livig, sorld of der efekts bj p3blik okjon last September ; 
de miler lost hiz mil, and de Jopkiper hiz fildz. 3.e et 
had vated in 1868 for de prezent Liberal member for de 
kounti ov Cardigan, der it woz not de land on de Altvr- 
odin estet dat gev to tija ov diz et tenants de r^t to vert, 
b3t 83m land whig de held b^ der crn r^t. 3!er had bin 
ner blem atagt tu ^der ov de Qv farmerz, az farmerz. 3e 
wer ol ekselent farmerz. Beter W3nz probabli wer not tu 
bi found on dis estct and probabli not on eni 3der estet in 
de kounti. 3e wer nirli ol, if not ol, ferst klas men in 
de Liberal ragks in der lerkaliti — l3rer Liberalz, and wcl- 
-nffn az sitq, — men widout a spot 3pon der karakterz, 
der W3rd at ol t^mz biig az gud az der 9I. Az tu der 

Digitized by 


9 Jan., 1875. 


88; li, Li: Oo, Oo; Y^ 

age; pit, eat: pot, all; but. 








h. — Aa, Hb; Ee, 

alma; p«t. 

H h. — 13. a 

A»y. — pat, 

CF er; 






mjr, n«w. 

relij^s vpinioDZ de wer Independents, Melodists, and 
Uniterianz. 3!e neb^rz Jerd der respekt for dem, and der 
siropali terard dem in der tr^al, b^ prezentii) demselTZ in 
grat n^mberz at de respektiv selz last September. 3!is 
bill) a pisabel and en1[tend distrikt, and de pipel far from 
belivii) in de vertii ov fizikal fcrrs, de selz past of widout 
eni distarbansez, da it woz evident dat der woz a stroi) 
£ilig dat diz gad pipel bad folen a pre tu de injvstis and 
de oprejon or de bier pouerz. 

Ov de et familiz wbig wer ejekted, ernli wvn des^ded 
7pon emigretig from de k^ntri, Mr Devid Jenz, Fsnon, 
{Ffynnon) Lewelin, biz w^f, der tyk S7nz, Tomas and Jon, 
and der doter, Margaret. 3!er woz a strog inkline/on in 
de Qildren, espejali de eldest, tn emigret ; konsekwentli, 
de rest ov de famili agrid, ser dat de m^t not bi separeted 
from iQ 7der. 8!e gildren wer grem sp, de eldest S3n biig 
about lerti. 3er intenjon woz tn setel donn in $orwa, 
(XL S. A.) az smn az it woz posibel after de sel ov der gndz. 
Havig med dii preparejonz for der jvmi de started for Liv- 
erpml via Karmarden. An crpen-er relij^s servis, whig wil 
not bi forgoten b^ de meni dat asembeld, woz beld in de en- 
klerjur in frvnt ov der boos, on W5n ov de Svndez privies 
tu der departiir. Wi never so a mar t^qig sin. cicrz 
prezent wer bedd in tirz. Svm yirz aga Mr and Ms Janz 
bad berid fer ov der gildren widin a fortnjt ov iq 3der, and 
when die woz referd tu in de sermonz dat wer prigt and 
alm5on med tu de departiir ov de famili from der netiv 
land, de land ov der faderz, and wber der ded wer berid, 
tu serQ for a refiy on de kontinent ov de Nii Wmrld, wber 
de vois ov de opreser kud not bi herd, and wber de ski^rj 
ov de perseki^ter kud not rig dem, der woz not a dr^ Qik 
in de berl asembli. Ol de memberz ov de famili wer striktli 
relij98. 3!e fader woz a dikon wid de Independents. 
Devid Jemz woz a l^vli, Irivii), and spirited man, trui and 
onest in ol biz dilii)z ; and Meri Janz biz w|f woz W7n ov 
de solt ov de erl. 3e gildren wer erbidient, l^vii), indvs- 
triss, and olwez regular in atendans at de S^nde skml 
and de pvblik reliJ7s servisez ; indvstrivs in konek/on wid 
de 1ii)z ov dis w^rld di^rig de wik, and not les sa in kon- 
ekjon wid dii)z pertenig tu de ^der l^f on de Sabal. 

Se riqt Liverpml in sefti after slipii) W3n n[t at Kar- 
marden. From Liverpml de seld for Nn, York on berrd a 
larj Jip whig had about 650 emigrants on berd. On de 
71 ov Oktorber 1871, Jon de sekond s^n, woz teken il ov 
de smol poks. Akordig tu de rml in S3g kesez hi wOz 
teken intu S7m pies in de held ov de vesel, a veri kvm- 
fortles pies, and n^der hiz parents, biz brvder, nor biz 
sister, kud bi permited tu si him, tok tu him, or minister 
tu hiz wonts in eni we ;^a nesesari prekojon tu prevent 
de disiz from spredig am'^i) de pasenjerz. In about a 
wik's tjm hiz brvder woz teken il tui ov de sem disiz. 
Hi woz olser teken intu de held ov de vesel, and n^n ov 
hiz relativz wer permited tu vizit ^der bim or hiz brsder. 
3er grenz kud bi herd, bvt der woz nor help whig der 
relativz kud ofer, had it bin in der pouer tu dm ser. Tu 
pipel ov )^3ntri habits, vnak wanted wid travelig, simpel 

WelJ pipel in de midst ov hvndredz ov rsf feler-emigrants, 
de J3mi wud hav bin far from plezant ^nder de most 
fevorabel serk^mstansez. 3.e feder woz priti far advanst 
in yirz, and de m^der bad bin in a deliket stet ov hell for 
87m t^m. B5t nou dis voiej woz an agoni, a teribel tr^al 
tu dem ol in bodi and spirit, a louzand t^mz w^rs dan a 
prizon, and firz for de filter put out de last fij, rez ov herp 
whig m[t nou and den r^z from a hart ful ov fel and kon- 
fidens in a k[nd and ol-w^z Providens. Bvt de tr^al woz 
gaderig liker round dem. 3er dir Margaret began tu 
siken ov de sem disiz, de smol-poks. 3.e wer nou aprergig 
de Amerikan Jcrr, and de perents trusted dat in Margaret's 
kes de disiz wud not brek out vizibli til de kud land at 
Ni; York wher de herpt de kud minister tu her wonts at 
eni ret. B^t it woz not tu bi sa. When de vesel agkord 
de disiz had gon tm far, and de doktor orderd dat Ji Jud 
bi teken tu land from d4t pies, tu Blakwel $land, wher 
der iz a hospital tu mit s7q kesez. 3er, on de 171 Okterber, 
de Iri sik, de tih br^derz and de sister, wer let doun tu a 
bat, in de prezens ov ol on berrd, tu bi karid intu de 
hospital on de litel iland ov Blakwel. Hapili de de woz 
eksidigli Qn ; neverdeles, tu de sik, de remmval woz veri 
penful. Jon had nou bin il txu wiks, and Tomas and 
Margaret wer in gret pen, and not les dan de pen ov ^der 
wer de pagz whig de parents ekspirienst at partig wid 
dem, not nerig dat de Jud si der gildren eni mar. 

, Ni^ York woz rigt, and de ferst lig de fader did woz tu 
sik minz wherb^ hi kud rig hiz gildren, sa dat hi kud at 
list si dem. Hi tuk a bat and went doun tu Blakwel, 
b3t on rigig de pies hi found dat de rmlz wer sa strikt 
dat hi kud not bi permited tu si hiz gildren. Hi went 
doun a sekond t^m, and begd tu si dem, bst hi woz not 
permited. Hi den implard tu bi tald wheder de wer ded 
or al^v. 3!e ofiser konsented tu giv him d4t informejon, 
and prezentii gev de fader a riten peper Jaig dat Jon had 
bin berid on de 181, and dat Tomas and Margdret wer in 
de ded hous havig bin ded sins de 201, b^t had not yet 
bin berid ! Hi kud not bi permited tu si dem. Hi kud 
den dm nslig b^t tsrn awe ; na hap ov ever siig dem 
agen ! — not iven ov atendig at der fqneral. Hi ret^rnd 
tu hiz wif wid de he vies t lad ov grif whig a hqman hart 
kud ber. ** In Bama woz der a vois herd, lamente/on, and 
wipig, and gret merrnig, Begel wipig for her gildren, and 
wud not bi k^mforted, bekoz de ar not." 

A fti yirz aga, az stated, de perents had berid far ov 
der gildren widin a fortn^t, and nou hir woz de last ov de 
tresurz ov der \t5Y and hart swept awe. CTnli W3n doter 
hm had bin brot ^p at her grand perents nou remend tu 
dem. Az smn az de fader had got bak in Ni^ York de 
vesel whig brot dem tu Amerika woz on de point ov 
ret^mig tu Iggland. Wid harts irrek^^verabli wmnded, 
de perents tmrnd der fesez toard der aid ham. Na $awa 
for dem I 3e y^sg harts had sist tu bit, and de pouerful 
armz had dropt in del. An ^terli strenj land wud ^wa 
bi tu de berivd and ejed perents, bvt hir on de baren 
slaps ov Welz, if de had bin driven from hir b^ s^m, and 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 



9 Jan, 1875. 

if dcr absoDB woz preferd tu der prezens bj 3derz, etil hir 
wer der harts. 

Sfe landed at Liverpml on de 61 Nevember, and on de 
91 dc, and de gudz whig dc had teken wid dem, wer resivd 
at de Landrail relwe stejon b^ a Teri lar j konkers ov rela- 
tivz, frendz, and neborz. It woz a tim whig kanot bi 
forgoten. Se filigz ov de berivd perents on de w^n hand, 
and de filii)z ov de pipel hm had kvm tu resiv dem on de 
3der, prezented a sin whig ner psnter'z pensil kan ever 
depikt, or de pen ov a peet ever deskr^b. 

Befcrr klazii) die sad tel wi wil ad dat it iz olmerst ser- 
ten, dat at de toun ov Karmarden, on der wc tu Liverpuil, 
de desist gildren, widout der nolej, resivd de sidz ov de 
disiz whig karid dem of. 3.e famili had lojd at a privet 
hous, de hous ov an eld akwentans. Ser woz a jtsi^ gerl 
der hm had bin s^ferii) from de smol poks, b^t Ji had nou 
nirli rekyverd. Xi gev up her bed tu Tomas and Jon for 
ddt nit. N^der Mr nor Ms Jernz, nor der gildren nq, eni- 
11 1) about de smol poks havig bin in de hous. In pnuf 
ov dis de berivd perents slept for w^n n^t in de sem hous 
on der ret^rm. It iz olser l^kli dat de orner ov de hous 
inosentli konsiderd dat az her doter woz nou rek^verii), 
der woz ner finrder denjer for eniw^n tu slip in de bed, 
wlql, in fakt, az medikal men testiQ, it iz at dat tjm dat 
de denjer iz gretest. 


In de repcrrt ov de Zomijonerz in Lmnasi in 1871, an 

ekstraordinari kes iz menjond in de list ov Imnatiks found 

lender illigal Qarj. It apirz dat de Komi/onerz, havig 

lernd dat a jentelman reputed tu bi welli, and about 35 

yirz ov ej, hmm de dezignet az Mr A , woz livig for 

10 yirz in seklmgon at de qif hertel in B , med inkwiri 

whiQ Jod dat B7<3 a person akti^ali ekzisted, dat de manejer 
ov de hertel alern had aks^s tu him, and dat hiz akts wer 
skersli konsistent wid saniti. Veri smn wsn ov de medi- 
kal memberz ov de berrd, alr^mpanid b^ de sekretari, ped 
a vizit tu de hertel, and inkw^rd for Mr M-—— , de manejer. 
Sis person woz not ferlkvmii) ; and, konsekwentli, de 
doktor and hiz atendant med der we vpsterz, and wer 
gmi) terardz de apartments whiQ de ^nderstud wer oki^pid 
bi Mr A—-, when de found de manejer in an ante-rmm. 

Mr M , it simz, begd for dele, byt, de doktor pujii) 

him asid, erpend a der, and spidili found himself in an 
iner and perfektli dark rmm, whens kem a vols demandii) 
repitedli whot woz de mater. Lits wer obtend, and de 
viziterz den so whot woz beferr dem, From wol tu wol 
de rmm woz literari blokt sp wid a mas ov fz^mitixr and 
r^bij, from de midst ov whig emerjd de hed ov a midel- 
-ejd and dark-birded man. A siijgel torti^^s len Irm dis 
lumber led terardz him, and de doktor had tu pik hiz we 
erver brerken glas and krokeri, b^ndelz ov kandelz, erld 
klerdz, parselz ov stel biskits, and zder indeskribabel 
r^bij. Ner Qr woz in de gret, and nor delit woz vizibel. 

Behind a tebel, kvverd wid bagz ov st3f, le Mr A on 

a broken doun horsher sofa. Hi woz envelopt wid a r^g, 
b^t widout eni zder klerdig. Hiz kondijon woz filli in de 
ekstrim ; hiz bird woz ^pwardz ov ttCi fit log, mated wid 

611 and ful ov vermin. Hiz her woz iven merr mated and 
dertier dan de bird. On hiz fit wer s^m pisez ov Ameri- 
kan klol, 7nder whig woz an admikstiir ov filli ragz, peper, 
and refits tid wid nqmer^s strigz about hiz to-z, fit, and 
aijkelz. 3e gret ta nelz wer an ing and a-haf in legl. 
3e figger nelz wer olse enorm^sli log, and wid de handz 
wer veri ofensiv tu de sit. Hiz legz, from biig kept in 
WTsn pozijon had bek^m rijid, formig nirli a rit aggel wid 
de li, and rezistig an ekstenjon, older der apird tu bi ne 
swelig or tendernes. 3e fes ov dis ekstraordinari person 
woz pel and hagard ; b^t hiz bodi, der emitig a pouerfuli 
disagriabel ordor, woz ferli n^rijt. Hi had not wojt for 
yirz, and, da ab^ndans ov klerdz woz liig about de rmm, 
hi had med ner efort tu get dem. Wid ol diz strenj apir- 

ansez, houever, Mr A apird tu bi perfektli sen, and 

woz ebel tu giv a rajonal akount ov himself, and de rizonz 
whig had brot him der. G!e doktor smn asertend dat Mr 

A woz pozest not anli ov larj estets, biyt a lif interest 

in ^pwardz ov £100,000 ; dat 83m 10 yirz ager hi had 
gradi^ali S3gk intu a nervss kondijon, whig kozd him tu 
fansi dat pipel regarded him az a Imnatik, and hi rezolvd 
tu J3t himself 3p awe from de W3rld. Tekig rmmz at de 
hertel hi gradq,ali bekem mer determind in hiz rezolv ; 
and den, havig med arenjments wid de manejer, Mr 

M , tu 83pli him wid fmd, hi genjd hiz rezidens tu 

de apartments wher hi woz nou disk3verd, and from d4t 
tim had aloud naw3n tu vizit him. In dis we hi had ek- 
zisted for yirz, 3ntil de stet ov dermm hi woz liig in, and 
partikq,larli W3n adjoinig, woz 83g dat de doktor and 3derz 
hm vizited de pies, prerfejonali, eksprest der astonijment 
dat tif3S fiver had not bin jenereted log aga. From whot 
bi sed, hi wud gladli hav left hiz pies ov seklmgon S3m 
yirz sins, b3t de prevelig idia on hiz mind simd tu bi 
dat tu akomplij dis hi m3st hav S3m wsn tu help him, 

and Mr M apirz tu hav oferd him na asistans. Fri- 

kwentli when hi herd pipel tokig beler hiz windcfz hi had 
eksklemd, " ^h God 1 when Jal i bi asisted out ov dia 
stet, and bi ebel tu miks agen wid de W3rld." Hi simd 
veri agkj3s tu n^ wheder de doktor konsiderd him out ov 
hiz mind, seig dat, older hi Woz leborig 3nder a delmgon 
when hi tuk 3p hiz rezidens at de hertel, hi woz nou per- 
fektli sen, and determind dat if eni atempt wer med tu Jer 
him insen, hi wud spend hiz hel forti^n tu prmv de kon- 
trari. Hi woz veri Jortli afterwardz remmvd in a kab tu 
de neborig a8il3m, wher hi woz properli atended tu. Ol- 
der at ferst hiz stetments wer s3mwhot inkahirent, hiz 
pouerzov memori wer remarkabli gud. 3!e e-nli semblans 
tu a delmgon woz de idia — frikwentli repited bi him— 
dat it woz nesesari tu hav S3mw3n ov strogger wil dan 
hiz ern, whig hi found inadekwet tu asist him in rezi^mig 
hi^ pozi/on in sersieti. Hiz gret regret apird tu bi dat 
hi had not met wid de doktor hm ferst vizited him 10 yirz 
aga, az hi sed dat hi ernli nided a litel help tu hav bin en- 
ebeld tu kogkwer de dispozi/on tu seklmgon whig eventiiali 
everkem him. After hi had bin 3nder medikal tritmeot 
S3m tim, and it woz found dat hi woz in ner we insen, Mr 
A— ^ woz aloud tu liv de asibm, hi biig eksidigli agkjsfl 
tu ger out intu de W3rld agen. It iz not steted in de re- 
perrt wheder prersidigz ov eni sort wer teken agenst M— — * 
I de manejer ov de hertel. 

Digitized by 


9 Jan., 1875. 




From «« Evenings at Home, in Words of One SjUable," by permission 
of Messrs Cassell, Fetter, and Oalpin. Price 2». 6d. 

■ 'N^-, X "I V ) N '~N 1 ■;> , ^ ' w c^ 

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DTgttiTud by vnOOQ IC 



9 Jan, 1875. 



" -1 n, ; J ^ V. ^-^ p 

Ab he grew older, ho did not like being employed as a retriever, 

^ ^r- ? )" . .^ \d K -].., 2:^. 'V 

and the moment he saw the fowling pieces brooght ont, or observed 

a shot canister or shot belt on the hall seats, he would slink up 

stairs and conceal himself under one of the spare beds. Call away 1 

Neptune for the time being was deaf, unless I called him ; then the 

poor fellow would obey my voice certainly, but come slowly down, 

° S f, -r. V'^,' ^; . " , ./. 

as if he said, «*WeD, if I must, I must! but I would much 
rather not." He was very fond of following the carriage, as the 
horses, fat and old as they were, seldom went at the rate of more 
than four miles an hour; on Sunday he never psssed the gate, 
but generally met it on its return. 

Neptune had a great deal of trouble with me, and certainly saved 
me many a reprimand. I was very careless — losing my handkerchief, 


parasol, gloves, and books ; in fact, in those days it was a general 

\. '^^ A \ ^^-^"^ -^, 

belief that if my head had not been firmly secured on roy shoulders, 

" . ^ c\^r-\ -^ .^ ^,.'\- 

I should have lost it — left it amongst the birds' nests, or in 

some of the clefts of the rocks where I loved to peep at the young 


V'.'T.^ vi;^^, ^- y 1^ 

sea-gulls. But whenever I missed anything, I had only to hold out 


my ungloved hands to my friend, and avray he went, tracing step 
by step wherever I had been, until the lost was found. This 

n.^ "h. .11 ■ -P' U ' ^; 

olovemess procured the dog a great deal of attention and kindness ; 
his talents were shown off, and repetition quickened his wits, until 


; J_" c K" V I s 

he considered he had "lost a day," if it passed without a 
discovery. Not content with looking after me, Neptune began to look 

V ^, ^ C- -N). '^ ^ .^^«.^-x' 

after everybody, and thus obtained for himself the name of ** Marplot." 

^ ->(. V '^, -> J 


A very worthy parish priest, whose attachment preserved the 

lives of my relatives before roy birth, in the '* '98," delighted 

s Jv ..L 7 s/\ o ^' ^ <r^x 

when he dined at Graige to read his Breviary in the Wilderness. 

«^ I- . j^ \r /^ \ ; J_ ■^■; ; 

One day the dinner bell rang before he had concluded; he 
placed the book on the garden chair, determining to finish his appointed 
prayers during the long summer evening. Before the dinner was 
over, Neptune walked gravely into the room, and laid the Urge 

U" V_t " ^, N|, . V! . L -. V 

devotional book on the tiU^Ie, beside the priest! The dog knew to 
whom it belonged; he had seen the priest use it, and thinking 

; .1 -v^ I --^, ^ I W.X ) c. 

he had forgotten it in the garden, brought it to him. Was this 
• instiu' t '* or reason ? 


Digitized by Vn 


9 Jan., 1875. 



{Key on page 2h) 

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; "^-V M_ . -( ; Li x" ^ rv^ Jl^_ 

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■ <1 "-llx 


{To he contintted.) ^^^^ j 




9 Jan, 1875. 



{Keg on page 21.) 
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(To he continued.) 

Digitized by GOOglC 

9 Jan, 1875. 



{Ksy to Corresponding Stjfle, page 19.) 

In those days Father Mathew had not floated the banner of 
Temperance oyer the land, and more than one of the servants were 
incorrigible drunkards ; indeed, prosperous and powerful as the 
county of Wexford undoubtedly is, it has always been one of the 
strongholdB of intemperance. Owen Braddle excited a ereat deal 
of interest in the household ; he was so honest, so obliging, so 
excellent a servant, that my grandmother used every effort to re- 
claim him. At last she insisted upon his taking an oath against 
whifiky, and for some time Owen continued sober ; but agam the 
eyil spirit got the ascendancy, though he declared most solemnly 
he ''never broke the oath he took. My grandmother had been 
long enough in Ireland to know that there was some " catch " in 
the oath — which it was given to Neptune to discover. One par- 
ticular day, while we were at dinner, Neptune bustled into the 
room with great importance, his tail proudly arched over his back, 
his crest and head erect, and carrying a large curled horn in his 
mouth ; he bore it loftily, uttering a mumbUng sort of growl of 
exultation, which he only practised on great occasions. Owen 
changed color as the dog approached him : he bad received, not an 
hour before, a severe lecture on the old subject ; he had vowed 
that not a drop of whisky had passed his lips inside the house ; 
nor did he keep a drop in the house, nor in any Christian vessel ; 
yel there stood Neptune, with a horn half full of whisky in his 
mouthy which he refused to yield to anyone but Owen ! The 
smell was evidence, and the horn was known to be the " black 
horn," having a tradition that it was plucked from the brow of 
a certain nameless gentleman in old tmies, by a certain blessed 
priest, who being tempted by the " dark stranger " to commit 
some particular sin, made, as they called it, " a grab " at the 
horn, which remained in his hand ; so that when his majesty did 
appear in our neighbourhood he was observed to possess but one 
hOTn. This horn was mounted in silver, and supposed to be care- 
fully preserved in the plate-chest. 
*• So, Owen, this is flie way you keep your oath !" 
"There's no use in my denying what I done," said the still 
unreformed Owen ; " but if Neptune had twice as many dealings 
with the * ould boy ' as he has, he can't convict me of a falsity. 
Oh, you hartless baste, to expose me before the mistress ! I never 
did you an unkind turn but once, and this is your vengance ! 
I didn't keep a drop in the house, I told you ; and that was hid 
in the hole under the arbutus-tree ! I swore I kept none in a 
Christian vessel ; I leave it to you if that is a Chnstian vessel. 
Nor have I touched a drop inside the house ; the baste himself 
knows I have not, if he would only say so ; for he watched me 
thiB blessed morning when I just wet my lips with it, to keep off 
the heartburn. Oh, then, it's a sad case when a poor fellow can't 
keep his oath, and have a drop of comfort !" 

Neptone was not particularly fond of children. When he was 
rather advanced in Ufe, some little town bred boys came to bathe 
in the neighbourhood, and Nep's back was too high, and too well 
cushioned, not to suggest to them the cemfert of a ride on the 
great dog. 


(Key to Reporting Style, page 20.) 

" Thou wilt ke«p him in perfect peace whoee mind is stared on Thee : 

becaoae he trnstetfi in Thee. Troat je in the Lord for ever ; for in the Lord 

Jehovah is everlasting strength."— XtcnoA 26. 8, 4. 

There is no blessing to be compared with the blessing of peace ; 
for the reason that it implies and includes so many other blessings. 
A nation which enjo s peace, which neither fears war, nor has 
to make continual preparations for war, can experience all kinds 
of prosperity. Trade increases, manufactures are extended, more 
persons marry, a greater number are bom, and art and literature. 
flourish. As war is a most dreadful calanuty, bringing with it a 
vast train of evils, so peace is the greatest of national mercies, 
including a wide circle of blessings. Peace in the household and 
peace in our own hearts are, in like manner, precious mercies given 
by the Lord. 

It is more especially to peace in our own souls that the text refers. 
This peace proceeds from peace with God— when we feel conscious 
that God loves us, cares for us, watches over us for our good, and 
will withold from us no real blessing which we actua&y need. 
The man in whom dwells this sublime confidence is also conscious 

of another set of facts relating to himself— that he desires to shun 
every evil way, that he delights in every good word and work, 
that he seeks to know, to do, and to suffer the will of God. 

Peace is the blessing that follows pardon. While we are 
conscious of loving evil and of delighting therein, there can 
be no peace within us. The knowledge we have of what we 
ought to be and to do must trouble us so long as we do not 
what we ought, and are not what God would have us to be. 
There must be a continual conflict between the truth we know 
and do not, and the sins we know to be evil and yet do. It is 
merciful when the Spirit of the Lord will not let us alone in such 
a state of evil, but continually troubles us imtil we repent and 
forsake our sins. There is not, and there cannot be, any true peace 
for the wicked man. His soul is the battle-fleld on which truth 
and evil wage a terrible warfare. If he altogether sides with evil, 
he may succeed in grieving the Holy Spirit and in quenching it, 
and his conscience may become seared as with a hot iron. Only 
by alto^ther siding with the Holy Spirit, going over to the 
iJord's side, can we And true peace, and with it real joy. 

To be in peace is to be in the true order in which our loving 
Creator designed us to be. It is to be in full harmony with the 
purposes of God. It is to have our hearts open to the inflowing 
of Divine love ; our minds open to the inflowing of Divine light ; 
all our various powers and faculties open to the inflowing of life 
from the Lord. When we are thus receptive of every Divine gift 
and virtue and grace, there is nothing to hurt nor to destroy in 
all God's hol^ mountain. All is at rest because the Lord rules 
and reigns within us. We have peace, because the peace of God 
which passeth all understanding is within us ; because we have 
begun to realize the blessing of the adorable Savior — ^* Peace I 
leave with you, my peace I give unto you : not as the world 
giveth, give I unto you " {John 14. 27.) 

Those shall be kept in this perfect peace whose minds are stayed 
on the Lord. Not only shall they enter into this peace, but the 
Lord will " keep " them in it. That which at first was only a 
transient feeling, shall become their abiding consciousness. They 
shall enjoy a continual lifting up of their souls above the cares, 
anxieties, sorrows, and troubles of life. In every spiritual con- 
flict they shall obtain victory, and the reward of every triumph 
shall be peace ! To have our minds stayed on the Ix)rd, is to 
make Him our sole dependance — altogether to rely on His merey 
and grace. ^ 

The reason is given — " because he trusteth in Thee." If we 
could but obtain this perfect trust in the Lord, peace would follow 
as its inevitable consequence. Our worldly troubles would not 
afflict us, because we should know that the all-wise and all-loving 
Father orders all things for our good. Our inward changes of 
spiritual life would not afflict us, because we should be coidident 
that by them the Lord advances our spiritual growth. To trust 
in ourselves is presumption, to trust in riches is folly, to trust in 
princes is to provoke disappointment ; the only safe trust is in 
God. Trust in the Lord is the surrender of all our hearts and 
minds and lives to do and to suffer God's good pleasure. This 
surrender of ourselves opens our souls to the reception of His bles- 
sings ; it is, as we have seen, to open our souls to the inflowing 
of His peace. 


Whot it de difereoB betwin popqlariti and fern P " Popn- 
lariti," sed Lord Mansfild, " me bi obtend widout merit 
and lost widout a folt." Not scr wid fcm, whiQ iz nider 
tu bi w^n nor lost widout gud rizon. ItJ2_d58aBmol 
dig tu bijj opular. byt a gret lii) tu bi femys . Headvan- 
tejez ov p a man haz it wh^l hi livz , and 

ietj fle disadvantejez oy fern ar 
pergthnmy s ; and konsekwentli 

(tat It put ! 

dat it iz, f 

pez ncr be ker'z, ng bu g er'z. ner tcler'z bil ; and me gi^ ncr 

kr38t oy bred tu flatman livir|. tu hmm after de^ it me 

g jy a yeri konaiderabel stgn, wid a magnilokwent inskrip^ 
Jon ^ - - - - g faf on ov de ou r ; bvt fem iz 

for c orektli. for d&t komparfttivli 

Digitized by V^OO^ l^ 



9 Jan., 1875. 

Pp, Bbj Tt, Dd; G<3. Ji; K k, Qg: 

p^9p, biii fMigh^ (toeJ; ekvaehjxidge ; eoke, gig; 


Vv R(t, ad; Ss, Zz; SJ, S3: 

valve I hnKththremtke} iwaee, tue; <4ip, acore 

Mm, N n, "KT g : 

noon, ting i 

Jort piriod ov tim whig de bizi wTsrld, wid its nii namz and 
its nil wonts kontiniiali sproatig vp, kan aferd ta best^ 
vpon de birorz and herorinz, or de gret and de gud, or de 
w^z men and wimen ov de yirz dat hay departed. 3!e ferst 
Napvlion askt a perrtret penter hm woz engejd 7pon a 
kanvas dat woz tu hand doun tu posteriti de liniaments ov 
de gret man, hou log de aforrsed kanvas wud last, and woz 
teld dat wid ker it m^t last about Qy hundred yirz. " F^y 
hundred yirz !" eksklemd de emperor, wid a kontempti^^s 
Jnjg oy hiz Jerlderz, " and pipel kol d&t immortalit i !" 
Bvt, az de wmrld gerz, Qy hundred yirz iz an enormvsli 
log piriod for eni man'z nem tu remen yizibel and kom- 
prehensibel on de pej oy histori or tradi/on. Lven fifti 
yirz iz a gret streg intu ftitiiriti for meni repiitejonz dat 
1mm larj in der de and jenerejon. S^mt^mz fifti dez (not 
tu spik o y n^n dez' wynder z) ar often mcrr dan s^fijent tu 
d ro de yel oy obTiyion eryer de nemz and didz oy men an d 
w imen, hm wyns str3ted der brif our guon de stej oy Ij f, 
a nd fondli lot dat de jz oy ol de wyrld were direkted ter - 

Forti yirz agcr pipel wer az familiar az de ar nou wid 
de nemz and performansez oy de eminent men and wimen 
hm pled konspikq^s parts in de histori, de politiks, de lo, 
de literatiir, de arts, or de fajon oy de t^m. B^st de wer 
not ser familiar wid derjesgz* az wi ar wid dez oy our kon- 
temporariz. Ser wer, in derz not yeri remet dez, from 
whig our em ar ser dissimilar, and sim ser far remmvd, ner 
Dvstreted ni^zpeperz and piriodikalz, and de S7n had not 
bin enlisted in de nebel armi ov artists. Ser woz konse- 
kwentli greter kqriositi on de part oy de p^sblik dan der 
wud bi in our de tu si de " kounterfet prezentment " oy 
de selebritiz ov de t^m ; and when ** Frezer'z Magazin," 
whig started in 1830, komenst a siriz oy literari perrtrets, 
it strvk out intu whot woz at d4t de a novel pel, and agivd 
for its kondvkterz a grati^ig s^kses. &ti ov diz perrtrets 
wer pirblijt bet win de yirz 1830-38, and hay j^st bin ri- 
ijH<^*C) wid de orijinal memworz b^ Dr Magin, and il^s- 
toktiv nets bj a modem hand, hm haz ekseki^ted hiz task 
eksidigli wel, and predict a voli^m dat Jud bi iven merr 
atraktiv nou, dan at de t^m when de perrtrets ferst so de 
lit, dilig az it dirz wid personz and personejez ov hmm de 
aitiial jenerejon me hav herd m»Q, b^t ov whig it nerz 
Utel. Se perrtrets, l^t eri skegez, and wid de sl^test apreg 
tu a jentel and pikant bvt b^ ner minz il-netvird karikatiir, 
ar ol bji W7n hand, ssmt^mz, b?^ not inveriabli, s^nd Alfred 
Erekwis. Se wer in ner instans teken from akti^al sitigz, 
b^t wer skegt f^rtivli, or from memori, bj wsn hm afler- 
wardz bekem a Boial Akademifan, and w^n ov de best ar- 
tists oy hiz t^m — Daniel Makliz. It iz wonderful dat 
vnder svg serkvmstansez, and wid ner ed from fetografi — 
not den ekzistent az an art^or in S7m instansez from p^rb- 
lijt engrevigz, svg admirabel l^kneses az diz Jud hav bin 
posibel tu tek. Ov diz eti personz, ten ar jet in de land 
ov de livig, seven jentelmen and ^i lediz, and ol tekii) a 

1. A Ghderi ov IlTBtrivB Literari Karakterz. Lvndon : €/at<3r and 
Ynndira, svkBesen tu Jon Eamden Hoten, 1873. 

part mvr or les prominent in de literati^r ov der t^m. cie 
seven jentelmen, teken alfabetikali and widout presedens 
ov rank or merit, ar Wiliam Harison 8 nzw3rl , stil r^tig 
gud novelz wid yndimrnijT^r ; Jon Bold win B^kstom, stil 
delitii) krouded odiensez wid Eiz inimltabei dr^eri and 
konsvmet art ; Tomas Karl^l, stil tigig de nejonz hou tu 
liv, and denounsig " Jamz ;" Jorj Krukjagk, stil wildii) az 
deftli az ever hiz admirabel pensil ; Benjamin Dizreli, pvet, 
novelist, stetsman ; de Rev. G . B. Gjeg^ov. (l^elsi Hospital ; 
and Erl B^sel, Nestor ov hiz parti, hm p^blijt a buk eroli 
last yir (1872), and hm iz veri l^kli r^tii) an^sder. Se lediz 
ar, Ms S. C. Ho i, wid a pen az fasil and benefisent az ia 
de dez ov yerr ; Mis Hariet^Martiner, w^rrkii) posibli, vnsin 
b^t not vnfelt, in de kolvmz ov a deli peper ; and de Od. 
Ms Norton— de Safer ov her t^m — not kontented tu rest 
^poiTEer past lorelz, b^t ambijvs tu win nil, ^^^ ^o^ ^^ 
winii) bvt dezervii) dem. 

Siz partrets orijinali apird at a t^m when our prezent 
res ov novelists, mel and fimel, wer jder at skml or in de 
n^rrseri, or had J3st beg^n tu nibel at de gret apel ov lit- 
erari fem ; when 6arls Dikenz woz meking hiz ferst tenta- 
tiv eforts ; when Wiliam Mekpis Kakere had never bin 
herd ov, out ov de ofis ov de Momiff Kronikel, and had 
bin skersli herd ov der ; and when de douzand and W3ii 
estimabel lediz hm nou spin novelz, insted ov spinig klo;t, 
az de lediz ov Qv hundred yirz ager wer ak^stomd tu doi, 
wer in der berdig-skml dez, if indid de wer in dis wsrld 
at ol. Forti yirz ager fem woz not izili tu bi W7n, b^t it 
woz w^n merr izili dan it iz tu-de, when ser meni trumpets 
ar blem intu de defend irz ov a m^g endq,rii) pvblik, dat 
it kanot wel distiggwij w^n blast or W7n instrument from 
an^der. Bvt, neverdeles, am^i) de men and wimen ov ^oz 
dez wer meni gret men and wimen, az eniwsn, iven mod- 
eretli akwented wid de histori ov IggliJ literatiir, kan 
disk^ver if hi Inks erver de pertrets in dis volq,m. Amvg 
de number wer Ser Wolte r Skot. Tomas Kambe l. Tomas 
Mmr, Wiliam JWsi dzwTnr^. Samg elj^ojerZr Jghao- Wolf- 
gang fon Gcete, J ^n Wilson (Kristofer No r^), Edward 
Liton Bulw er ( Lord Lito n), Pier Sen de Beran.^e, Prins 
Talirand, ^amqel Tclor Kerlrij, Lord Brerham, Lord Lind- 
h^rst, Wiliam Godwin, €/arls Lam, Li H^nt, and meni 
3derz, hm for politikal or personal rizonz, or mir aksi- 
dent, wer ermited from Frezer'z Walhdla. 

Am9i) de perrtrets dat ar partikiilarli gud in dis kolekjon 
—and de r^ter givz hiz opinion from personal remembrans 
ov hiz old frendz — ar ^qz ov Tomas Kambel, de oior ov 
de * *Plesurz ov Herp ," and ov s^m ov de veri^ nes t link s 
in de IijgliJ laggwej, in hiz habit az hi livd; andov Sam- 
iiel Bojerz, de olor ov de " Ple,^urz ov M emori," " Hitman 
Ljf," and meni ^der li {el jemz ov peretik jtrt. Bojerz, hm 
livd tu de ej ov njuti- ferr. woz akiizd ov seig il-netr^rd ligz, 
and ov biig ^nebel tu restren a malijvs jest, at hmz ever 
ekspens it m^t bi emited ; b^t de wirrld, for de merst part, 
did not no, or forgot tu se, dat hiz hand woz az liberal az 
hiz t^g mit hav bin venom3S ; and da t^ hi never tjrd^ v 
wel-dmig, not ostentej^sli in de iz ov de w^rld, bvt pri- 

Digitized by VnOO^ IV:: 

9 Jan., 1875. 



LI, Er: Ww, Yy, Hh.— Aa, Hb; Ee, 8e; li, Li: O o, O oj 1$ s, CTer; Uu, UJra. *i, U^. 

ItxU, roart way, yea, Aaj. — pat, alma; p«t, age; pit, eat: pot, 'all; bitt, old; p«t, oo%e, my, nmo. 


jetj i, and in a maner dat enhanst hiz benefisens b^ de 
delikasi ov its bester al. Hihad^^rpf: konton^ptjQL^ 
prerfefona l kritik8,"and ijst tu 8e dat hi never byt wyna 
jnk a hi nt from, or lernd_ eni^iiL ov dem. "When de 
^ Plegurz ov Memori ' ferst apird," hi sed, ** a kritik in a 
mynlli revu "— der wer ncp wikli literari peperz in derz re - 
mert dez— ** kwerted de crpenii) I^nz ov de sekond kante : 
Swifc Memori, wafted bi d^ jentel ^1, 
^ oftTipde tidov Timitvrn misel; 

and remarkt dat de aliterejon wud hav bin beter and merr 
komplit if de l^n had red : 

Oft 3p de tjd ov Tjin { tOTn mi teL 
3& SO de fcrrs ov de objokjon at WTsna ; and, on rikonsider- 
ejon, determind tn amend de pasej. T^m, i sed tu myself, 
iz not a t[d dat ebz and flvz, b^t a strim dat iz konstantli 
r^nii) doun intn de gret si ov Eterniti : ser [ amended de 
simili, and disloketed de aliterejon b^ wsn bl(r, and in m^ 
nekst edijon de l^n apird, 

Oft vp de strim ov T^m { tvm mi eel. 
Ris woz a manifest impriuvment, der ^ sertenli ord nor^aijks 
for it tu de kritik." 

3e pertret ov Wurdzwurl iz olser eksidigli gud, d4t ov 
a man rapt ?rp in himself, \}k Bud ha, absorbd in hiz ern 
ekselens, and wid a mpd se fal ov its en resersez, az tu 
bi kw^t independent ov kompanionjip. ile perrtret ov 6e- 
rangc, de gret sog rjter ov de FrenQ, iz absolmtli perfekt, 
3e gnd erld Fegan — for Pegan hi woz az xmsq az Anakrion 
or Sokratiz—iz reprezented tu de Ijf, az hi sat in de prizon 
tu whig hi woz kondemd for a soi) dat hit de Bmrbonz 
rfider hard in de dsz ov 6arls de Tcn^, ST^ronnded bj ol de 
gud di^z ov dis l^f, wid whiQ hiz frendz tuk ker tu svpl^ 
him ; kfim, serin, and vterli ^nambij^s ^der ov fem or 
fortq,n, az hapi in sigig az a lark in de mornii) sk^, and 
az 7terli kerles ov de fi^tiir. Hi had, in hiz later dez, b^t 
an ink^m ov twelv hundred and fifti fragks (fifti poundz) 
per an3m ; bst hi med it s^Qz for hiz modest wonts, der 
hi konfest dat it woz s^plemented b^ prezents from nern 
and ^nnem frendz and adm^rerz ; and dat hi ofen resivd 
a kes ov Pomar (Pommard), hiz fevorit w^n, from an 
anonimTJS benefaktor, hmm hi kud never disk^ver, bvt 
huiz held hi reliJTJsli dragk everi de wh^l hiz w^n lasted. 

Am*??!) de morst karakteristik ov diz pertrets iz d&t ov 
Tomas Hil — T^nnem in our de, b^t wel-nern in hiz em — de 
orijinal hui sat, veri involvntarili, nor dout, for Pol Pr;. 
It t^zd tu bi a jek agenst Hil, dat de rejistri ov hiz bap- 
tizm woz b^rnd in de Gret F^r ov L^yndon in 1666. Hi 
woz a familiar prezens in everi pics ov psblik rezort in 
London, pikig ^p litel skraps ov gosip and informs/on, 
whiq hi sent everi S^nde tu de Mbmip Kronikel for in- 
serjon in dat j^yrnal on de Munde, not bi it ^nderstud for 
m^ni, but for Itjv ov de Kronikel, whig, nekst tu gosip, 
woz de delit ov hiz l^f ; and posibli for de reword ov an 
oke3onal dij ov erli piz or stroberiz from de gretful frrat- 
ererz in Eovent Garden ]\Jarket, for a puf in hiz fevorit 
jurnal. In de sentral ali ov de market hiz figiir and biz- 
nes wer az familiar tu de dilerz az der en /ops. Eristi 

and Manson, and de wtus merr noted Jorj Bobinz, nil ^^i^ 
az wel az de nq, der em hamerz, and olwez gev him der 
Qoisest bits ov informejon. Hi swot b^ de Momii) Kron- 
ikel, and dot it immortal. Hapili for hiz reperz, hi d^d. 
whjl dat wijns gret jurnal woz in de matqriti ov its fem 
and prosperiti, and beforr de fetal kagker dat woz tu bri^ 
it tn an T^nt^rali end had displed itself. Hil woz a smol 
Mesinas (Mecsenas) in hiz we, and delated tu brii) out 
peretasterz and peretastresez. If hi had livd in our dez hi 
wud hav had meni merr gansez in dis direkjon dan hi had 
in hiz em. 

It iz ki^rius tu luk bak ^pon de perrtrets ov Mr Dizreli, 
Mr 8nzw7rd, and Lord Bssel, stil livig, and on d&t ov 
Lord Liton, risentli desist, tu si whot smart yrri) jentel- 
men de severali wer. Whot an Antinenys woz Mr Harison 
8nzw7rd; whot an Ademis woz de prezent lider ov de 
Konservativ falagks ; whot an elegant woz Lord Jon Eusel ; 
and whot a gi. tu qz a modern but ekspresiv vulgarizm, 
woz wun ov de asti^test intelekta and gretest wits ov hiz 
ej, de femus Talirand ! 

Amug de perrtrets ov a klas ov literari men whig it iz 
tu bi herpt wil never pas awe, der ar wun or tifi ov a klas 
whig iz hapili obsolit. Amug diz later standz konspikqus 
ddt ov ©arls Maloi Westmakot, formerli editer ov de " 8j," 
hm djil risentli in Paris, after havig disapird from London 
Ijf for merr dan de derd ov a sentqri. Se fes and figi^r ar 
derz ov a strog, burli, handsum, determind man, hmm it 
wud bi denjerus tu prerverk, and hra woz merr dan kepabel 
ov h0>1dii) hiz em in eni fizikal enkounter dat m^t bi ferrst 
upon him, or dat hi himself m^t sik. SLe ni^zpeper whig 
de burli man kondukted, and ov whig hi woz de prez^dig 
spirit, if not de ol in ol, delt in skandal, az an artikel ov 
tred, tu sug an ekstent az tu hav renderd it a publik niisans. 
Bcrd de Terriz and de Liberalz ov derz dez had der organ ov 
defamejon— de Toriz de ^' and de Liberalz de Satiirst : an 
abominabel per log sins gon tu der grevz, and ov whig no 
revival iz posibel in our de, or whig, if rev^vd, wnd re- 
siv der Qnal kw^itus in les dan a muntt, at de handz ov de 
outrejd lo ov de land, az wel az de ikwali outrejd loz ov 
disensi and prerprieti. He wuns wel-nem Dr Magin, hui 
roi; de orijinal ncrtisez or memworz whig akumpanid de 
Frczer perrtrets, so nu^ig tu blem, but mug tu prez, in 
Westmakot's merd ov dmig biznes, and rert ov him az a 
" pluki litel feler," (hi luks big enuf in de p^tret,) " hm 
haz pujt hiz we aktivli in de wurld, der hi iz desperetli neg- 
lekted in a kworter whig &z him de dipest gratiti^d ; for 
hi fot in hiz peper de batel ov de Toriz az orpen-moudedli 
and az frili az hi kud ; and ddt iz erpen-moudedli and frili 
enuf in ol konjens." 

But Magin woz olmost az gret an ofender in dis we az 
Moloi himself, and rert ov everi liberal politijan wid a gr<r8 
personaliti whig wud not bi tolerctedin our tjm, and whig 
it iz sad tu reflekt Jud ever hav bin tolereted at ol. Hiz 
perrtret in dis kolekjon reprezents a kwiet, sti^dius, in- 
telektqal-lukig person, and bj no* minz de rantig, rorig 
*rijman whig, in a wel-nem balad, hi deklard himself tu 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 



9 Jan., 1875. 

bi, a deskripjon whig hiz freod Jon Gibson Lokhart, de 
89n-in-lG> ov Ser Wolter Skot, and for log yirz editer ov 
de *' Kworterli Ee7ii/* and hm iz reeponsibel for de apended 
memwor ov hiz frend, afermz tu bi korekt. It woz ^ot 
at de t^m when Magin fl^rijt, dat a gap pres and de abo- 
HJon 07 ol taksez on peper and ni^zpeperz, whig s^m derig 
reformerz ov d^z dez veri ardentli advoketed, wad lid tu 
^rnbrideld l^senj^snes, tu atdks on privet karakter, and tu 
a jeneral polmjon ov de p^blik mind. Never woz predik- 
Jon B9 hapili folsifjd. It woz de hi-prist niizpeper or pi- 
riodikal ov de eld dez dat woz lisenj^s and iven broital. 
Wid gipnes kern in modesti, disensi, proprieti, respekt for 
de saijktiti ov herm, and if not olwez respekt for de psblik 
karakter ov pirblik men, a mord ov spikii) ov p^blik men 
widout libelig dem, and widont ransakig de sikrets ov der 
privet livz, tu degred, tu persekiit, or tu levi blak mel ov 

3^e Ijbelz and perversitiz, de il-neti^rd almgonz, and de 
inkomplit informejon ov Magin— whig hav properli bin 
prezervd in dis interestig volq,m az karakteristiks ov de 
ej, and matirialz ov literari histori — hav found der antidet 
and korekjon in de ampel, judijss, and jenerss nerts ov de 
editer, Mr W. Bets ^Bates), Prerfesor ov Klasiks in Kwin'z 
Kolej, Bermiijham, hoi haz kontribi^ted a vast mas ov kq- 
ri^s informejon relativ tu everi vfsn ov de karakterz p<yr- 
tred. Tu komper hiz nets wid de memworz ov Magin, iz 
tu komper de prezent wid de past, gretli tu de adyantej 
ov de test ov our tim.— ** Ol de Yir Round" Des., 1873. 

ae Veri Bev. Prinsipal Kerd iz not a kontrerverjialist ; 
b^t hiz kwiet pulpit w^rk, sins de de hi prigt beferr de 
£win at Balm6ral hiz nou wel-nem sermon, " Eelijon in 
Komon Lif," haz not eskept de kritisizm ov ^derz. SCe 
replete Jon hi haz atend bj nimz ov dis psblik netis ov biig 
de ferst reprezentativ ov de Brod parti in hiz G^jrg iz ser- 
ten tu bi streglend bj s^m eksprejonz in hiz serjal-siens 
sermon whig tu de orlodoks irz ov de majoriti ov Skog 
Prezbiterianz sevor ov a liberaliti dat iz ekstrim. Hiz 
elaboret argument tu prmv dat relijon az a moral pouer 
kud not agiv its <yn endz sev bi kolig in de cd ov iot, ov 
siens, ov sistematik obzervejon and reflekjon, at de kl<yz 
ov whig hi insbted dat 69 godles siens mit bi a prar dig, 
yet for eni palpabel influens on de w^rld'z welfer ignorant 
pieti woz pmrer stil, woz likli tu lid tu objekjonz about 
de smol importans ov siens az komperd wid de salvcjon 
ov selz and de di^ti ov setig a Ut tu a pasig wsrid, and fsr- 
nijig de pmr and forlorn and vijss wid de ernli trui konsV 
lejon lender de hardjips ov dis lif bi pointig dem tu a beter. 
Antisipetig dis objekjon, Dr Kerd med de remarks whig 
ar nou de S3bjekt ov lerkal gosip. Hi sed : " It iz, i kanot 
b3t ifigk, a sqperfijal and ^nherls^m pietizm whig ser kon- 
sivz ov de relejon ov de prezent tu de fi^tiir lif. * dm 
not hezitet tu se dat de ferst and paramount em ov relijon 
iz not tu preper for anuder w^rld. but tu mek de beat ov 
dis w^rld ; or, merr korektli steted, tu mek dis w^rld beter, 
wizer, and hapier. It iz tu bi gud. and dm de merstgud 
wi kan nou and hir, and tu help ^derz tu bi and dm de 
sem. It iz tu sik wid ol our mit de hjest welfer ov de 
w^rid wi liv in, and de rializejon ov its idial gretnes. 

norbelnes, and blesednes. 3!e eternal wvrld iz not a fiiti^r 
w^rld beyond tim and de grev. It embresez and absorbz 
tjm, its inefabel pouer and elevejon rializ demselvz 7nder 
de formz ov temporal ^igz ; its lit and glerri ar intent everi- 
wher, redi tu de i dat wil bvt si dem tu lip out in flajez 
ov redians in de komon er^li lif ov man. And ser it iz de 
ofis ov Kristian fel, not tu sotp awe beyond de horizon ov 
tim in serg ov God, b^t tu pirs bi de pouer ov spiritiial 
iusit tu dat divin lit and l^v dat ar olwez and everi wher 
around 7s ; it iz de gret fvgkjon ov Kristian efort, not tu 
preper men for de^, and for serten selestial manjonz in 
BTsm 9nnorn point ov spes, tu bi rigt ernli when del Jal set 
dem fri, b^t tu W3rk out de divin posibilitiz ov ekselens, 
de kepabilitiz ov nolej, gudnes, hapines, dat ar prezent 
nou and redi tu bi elisited in everi hqman serl. Pmr, in- 
did, wud bi our em and wvrlles our s^kses if wi strorr 
mirli tu mek ol men kvmfortabel, belli, ful-fed, izi-minded, 
and s^plid wid ol maner ov erlli satisfakjonz. Bvt if our 
em bi tu aweken lot and aspirejon in dem, tu rez dem 
out ov de slou ov ler dezirz and brmtal enjoiments, tu mek 
der mindz wiz and lotful, der harts pi^r and jentel, der 
livz swit and serin wid de trankwiliti ov gudnes ; if it bi 
our hi endevor tu kol f^rl de posibilitiz ov ekselens whig 
ig individiial spirit kontenz, and derz grander posibilitiz ov 
idial serjal perfekjon whig ej after ej hav kindeld de 
imajinejon and inspird de enerjiz ov de nerblest ov de 
sTsnz ov men — nen, i se, wi nid not wet, and w^rk, and 
herp for a distant and f^ti^r heven, for der ar de matirialz 
ov a heven besid 38 hir in dis gres and komon w^rld whig 
at W3ns wi me begin tu kriet. 

aE MF, aE TBUJR, aE we. 

T^A' me no^ 4/jLm Be Aeven/t a^ii^, 
^a ot^ij^ ae ^or(/ SiPt'f^^ c/aun / 
m f/en wa oert^ ae ^e<)^ (/ti/id, 

^r^ wofm, <)UfA/, ^nc/cr, at/en ^e/ 

ant/ /ifu €^ ^a/iA.' 

7je AAun ^v ^Oez dAtn/ea c/t^ea 

iz A/, auft ^ee/z ov Aen/ 
WA /¥^ c/0im €n ^'/^ fif^o?^ anc/Ztre^ 

ane/ WA, <w n&/'aaen, 

HfAd, aipem 8e /ero^ ^nt/Afefz aft dca 

Be /a<i^ /o wAtd/iefz ov our^ (/ee/ 
' af^ OYiic/enc/ iot^ ^cz nam. 

yy ^ofc/an(/ty^a'}6cf ov i^ c^^/ 

w/fa^'er oftt* mm ot* a^n, 
WA fin Tbf 4toe^ WA Aap %^ 4,oiC 

WA /ea^ our /j,vz ^ 7)j^n, 

^rA /en^/i Aap, iOA c/im/i ^a, 

€n (/e/efiy. /rez mA Are/ 
/r^, c/i'm or ^/jir, wa on tn %ii 
8e ^f/, »e S'rufi, 8e We. 

— /. G, Whitier. 

Digitized by 


16 Jan., 1875. 




It is with great reluctance that we issue the present Journal 
with only eight pages. We have no choice in the matter. It 
must he an eight-page Journal for ahout three weeks, or no Jour- 
nal at all. When the time had arrived for printing No. 1, we 
found that our large printiifg machine, (douhle crown, douhle 
platen,) could not he worked with our comparatively inexperienced 
bands fast enough to do the required 10,000 copies in time, and 
we were compelled to send the two " formes *' of type to Frome, 
to he machined hy Messrs Butler and Tanner. We hoped that 
another week's experience would suffice, hut it only showed that 
our supply of water was inadequate for the daily wants of the en- 
gine, and No. 2 also was, of necessity, printed at Frome, at a very 
great additional outlay. The extra expense thus incurred twice, 
we cannot incur again ; it would very soon hring the Journal to 
an end. We have now taken steps to have a continuous supply 
of water from the fire-main of the city ; we shall strengthen our 
working staff with an additional experienced hand; and as soon 
as the new arrangement is in working order we shall return to 
our promised sixteen-page Journal. In the meantime we accept 
the kind offer of Mr Lewis, of the Bath Express and County Herald^ 
to work a single forme of type each week on one of his machines. 



Cb w wi m feafwmifor ihi$ Department qftke Journal, Noticee qfEoerdrculatwn, 
etc., ekould be written eeparateljf/rom lettere, and marked ** Journal.'* 

BIKMINGHAM. From /. Thomas, Rose hill, Handsworth.— 
During the past year I have had great pleasure in teaching Pho- 
nography, hoth through the post and at my house. A teacher 
could not wish for better success than I have thus far experienced. 
I look upon some of my pupils with the greatest pride. I have 
now room for about twelve more, and should any Birmingham 
gentlemen wish to commence the study of Phonography they 
must kindly write to me, giving one or two references. I have a 
room in my house, where our classes are held, capable of accom- 
modating fifteen pupils, and both myself and wife being musicians, 
we often entertain them with a little music by way of change. I 
shall be' glad to hear from any persons in my neighbourhood de- 
sirous of commencing the study. The best way to make efficient 
shorthand writers is to take the pupils through tho *' Exercises in 
Phonography " and the " Keporting Exercises." The teacher 
himsdi will thus be so perfectly acquainted with all the various 
rules oi the ** Teacher," " Manual," and " Reporter," that he can, 
at a moment, recognise the rule the writer has broken. At the 
next lesson he should require that all the words which have been 
wrongly written should be brought correctly written (the teacher 
supplying the correct forms) four or five times each. But in this 
the teacher must be guided in a very great measure by the pow- 
ers of insight and memory possessed by the learner. 

BRADFORD, Yorks. From /, A. Sutclife.—Uy classes at 
the Bradford Church Institute have finished the quarter, and will 
recommence on the 14th January. My private pupils are doing 
very well indeed. They study the system with intense delight 
Some of them are now able to write 60 and 60 words per minute. 

LONDON. From T. A, Nelham. — I have four pupils who have 
begun studying Phonography this winter. They take great plea- 
sure in it. 


From /. W, Love, Stewarton, Ayrshire. — I have again been 
begnng for the new Institute, and have succeeded in getting nearly 
anotiier pound. I make up the difference, and send you 20/. Of 

this eum 6/ was contributed by my own children. They aU gave 
a little from their banks without any urging on my part, for I 
teach them to have great respect for Isaac Pitman, for he has 
saved them much drudgery in learning to read,*and he has also put 
within their reach the best system of writing in the world. My 
two eldest children already write Phonography, and the other 
three will learn it as they become old enough. I teach all my 
children on the phonetic plan from their infancy, and in this way 
thev get a proper idea of the sounds of the English language, 
which they could not otherwise obtain. 

I think it was about the beginning of last year that a hesitating 
gentleman wrote to the Fhonetic Journal regarding the propriety 
of teaching children to read in phonetic spelling. He seemed to 
be anxious to teach his children to read phonetically, but he was 
afraid lest it should prevent them from acquiring a knowledge of 
the present charming style of spelling ! But I am never afraid to 
teach my children anything that can be demonstrated to be true, 
and I would say to all parents, *' Do likewise." I have only one 
inquiry to make regarding anything, and that is. Is it beneficial 
and true F If an answer can be given in the affirmative I go in 
for it, no matter who may be opposed to it. It never occurs to 
me to ask. What does Mrs Grundy say ? 

Kow that the New Tear has commenced, I hope the members 
of the Phonetic Society and others that write Phonography, who 
have not yet done anything towards procuring money to pay off 
the debt on the new Institute, will turn over a new leaf and bestir 
themselves, so that Mr Pitman may speedily have the pleasure of 
seeing everything paid to the uttermost farthing. This could 
easily be done if only a tithe of those who write Phonography 
tcere in earnest about it. As I said before, I am nearly at the end 
of my tether, but if I can do anything more I shall be glad. At 
any rate I shall miss no opportunity that I can think of for ob- 
taining subscriptions. Let others do the same, and the debt will 
very soon be paid. I may just add that all I have collected has 
been given on the distinct understanding that the Institute is for 
Isaac Pitman^ and I should be much pleased indeed to see the whole 
thing handed oyer as a gift to him. I am sure he richly deserves 
it, and I hope that all subscribers will think as I do, ana do them- 
selves honor by handing over their donations as a present to -Mr 
Pitman, who has labored so long, so faithfully, and so well, to 
promote the comfort and happiness of liis fellow men. 

From John R. Bruce, Newera Ellia, Ceylon — I shall be glad 
to hear that the sensible proposal of the Glasgow Committee, to 
present you with the new Institute, is carried into effect. It would 
be disappointing to many if, after spending the best years of your 
life in the service of Phonography, Phonography failed to show 
you the* gratitude you deserve. 1 do not think the interests of 
phonographers will suffer by your being placed in an independent 

From Br Martin, Fortlaw, Ireland, 

Mr Parfitt*s letter in the Journal for the 19th December has 
given me great pleasure. I have always been surprised that so 
little has been said about orthographical reform in the pages of 
the Journal, — a subject of far greater importance and interest than 
shorthand is or can ever be ; not that I underrate for a moment 
either the importance or interest of the latter. I trust that in the 
new issue of the Journal a new era will be inaugurated, and that 
from all parts of the country we shall hear of attempts being made 
to introduce the phonetic spelling as an aid to education ; an office 
for which it is admirably fitted, both as a saver of time and money, 
and as a means to increased efficiency. 

I would earnestly entreat the memoers of the various Shorthand 
Societies throughout the country to bestir themselves in the mat- 
ter. A great power lies in their hands of influencing public opin- 
ion, acting, as they would have the advantage of doing, in, so to 
speak, a corporate capacity. By means of lectures and debates, 
the institution of experiments in schools in their neighbourhood, 
and the collection of the statistics concerning such experiments, 
they could do a v^t amount of good in forwarding the cause. 
They could also bring the subject under the notice of members of 
Parliament, public Boards and other corporate bodies, and thus 
undermine the prejudice that exists against a fair consideration of 
the subject. 

Digitized by VnOO^ VC 



16 Jan., 1875. 

Shorthand is sure to spread, from the beauty, simplicity, and 
utility of the art ; free also as it is from the taint that renders 
phonetic spelling so unacceptable, that is, the idea that it is de- 
signed to make some radical change in the language itself, instead 
of merely a change in the method of representing it. We need 
have no fear that Phonography will not make its way ; it is sure 
to do so. Phonetic spelling, however, will require amuch harder 
battle to be fought, before we can hope that it will stand upon its 
own merits, great though they are. Its advocates, however, need 
not despair. Let them first thoroughly understand its merits 
themselves, and the fallacies involved in the arguments of those 
who oppose the system, and they will find one uniform result fol- 
low their efforts, — opposition will be changed into advocacy. I 
have now been advocating the introduction of the system steadily 
for the last eleven years. When I commenced I was alone in 
holding my opinions of its utility in this part of the world ; my 
father, all the schoolmasters, the Inspector of the schools, and 
many others, thought the idea of changing the spelling was absurd 
and impossible, a Utopian dream in fact, and altogether unworthy 
of consideration. Now I may safely say that all those who op- 
posed me, and who have taken the trouble to master the aims and 
objects of the Keform, are entirely in my favor, and I am no 
longer regarded as a dreamer, but as an advocate of a very sub- 
stantial reality ; a scheme which, if carried into effect, would 
revolutionize the state of ignorance throughout the country, and 
would make primary education less costly, more efficient, and at 
least eight times easier of acquirement, that is, if phonetic spelling 
were altogether introduced. As the introduction of phonetic spel- 
ling altogether would be a task hard to accomplish, we must con- 
fine ourselves to the advocasy cf phonetic spelling as a means to 
ordinary education. Even here the advocates of a reform have 
much to make them speak with confidence of the claims of the 
new system for consideration. I would ask my readers to re- 
member that 1 speak from practical experience, not mere theory. 

Under the present system of orthography, take a child of six, 
send him or her to an infant school ; let the child be only of aver- 
age ability, and be compelled to learn in a class with six, eight, 
or twelve others ; let that child not be very regular in atten- 
dance at school, and in four years that child will barely be able to 
read the Second Book of the Irish National School series, the 
lessons in which are not of a very advanced type ; and as for its 
spelling it will be very doubtful indeed. Four years is even a 
snort time to mention for such a result. The child is then sent 
into one of the higher schools, and here its education is continued 
for a varying length of time, but I may safely say that at the age of 
thirteen the chances are all against that child's being a fluent or 
intelligent reader ; and as for spelUng, he or she would certainly 
bo fuc from perfect. Such is the result, then, of seven years' 
teaching in the vast majority of children under the present sys- 
tem, one that is scarcely worth the cost that has been incurred. 

Let me now contrast what the result would be where a child 
was carefully taught through phonetic into romanic spelling. At 
the age of six a child would, at the very outside, become a fluent 
reader and speller in the phonetic system at the end of eighteen 
months. At the end of three years such a child would read 
fluently up to the three or four books of tho National School se- 
ries ; and at the end of seven years I am certa n that that child 
would be possessed of a fair sound primary education, one that 
would be of service in after life. Those who have followed the 
reports I have made concerning the schools here will notice that 
I advocate an eighteen months course of phonetic reading before 
passing the children into romanic, whereas the class was here 
passed on at the end of eight mcnths or so. 

I am glad of the opportunity of explaining myself upon this 
point here. The teachers in the Irish schools are forced to pre- 
sent their pupils for examination by the Inspector in certain de- 
fined courses of instruction, if they wish to obtain some of the 
money voted for the purpose of payment of teachers^ by results ; 
this money having been voted for tne purp(we of urging teachers 
to renewed exertions in the cause of education. The teachers in 
the schools here had, of course, all put the children out of pho- 
netic spelling much sooner than otherwise would have been done, in 
order to have them prepared for the examination. They did so with 
the result I have reported, but I have not the smallest hesitation 
in saying that could the children have been allowed to continue 

for eighteen months their progress in the phonetic spelling, tho 
results would have been even more strikingly in favor of the 
proposed change than they were, and that at the end of three 
years their progress on the whole would have been much greater, 
and that at the end of the seven years they would have been 
thoroughly educated. 

I would earnestly impress upon intending advocates of the Re- 
form the danger of over-stating the benefits to be derived from the 
proposed change. Reformers should be satisfied to place before 
those whom they wish to influence, facts that cannot be contro- 
verted by those who have any experience in the matter, — facts 
that will challenge the most determinea opposition and yet defy 
it. Following such a course, experiment after experiment will 
have but one result, that of adding fresh evidence to the truth of 
our assertions. The accumulation of such evidence will force upon 
public attention the importance of the subject, and tbuse who now 
do not understand it, and therefore are amongst its opposers, will 
in the end become its supporters. 

The clearest way the (juestion can be put is this. In a manu- 
facturing district two children go to school ; the one to an ordin- 
ary school, the other to one in which the phonetic system is used 
as a stepping stone to the romanic. At the end of eighteen months 
tho first will be scarcely out of the alphabet, (suppose their ages 
to be respectively six years,) the other will have learned to read 
and spell fluently in the phonetic system. At the end of three 
years the first will be barely through the First Book, Irish Na- 
tional School series, or stniggling through the Second Book. The 
second child will be through the Second and into or through the 
Third Book. At tho end of seven years ihe first will be an indif- 
ferent reader, and certainly not a good speller, when he leaves 
school at the age of thirteen to go into work, say in a factory, or 
to assist his parents in some trade or occupation, and what little 
he has learned will soon be forgotten in the years that intervene 
before manhood is reached. The second wDl have received a 
sound education that will stick to him through life, and may in 
after years prove the means of elevating him in the scale of hu- 

Suck is the unexaggerated statement of what will be found as 
the result of the greater per-centage of children in the manufactur- 
ing districts and in large towns. With urban districts I do not 
occupy myself so much, as the children there spend a much longer 
time at school, and therefore, taken altogether, receive a better 
education than children in town and manufacturing districts. 

I think that the advantages I have mentioned are thoroughly 
satisfactory. At the end of seven years to turn out well educated 
instead of imperfectly educated children is the aim we have in 
view, and that phonetic spelling is the only means that will ac- 
complish such a result in the case of children whose attendance 
at school can never be very regular, I am thoroughly convinced. 
I would urge Mr Partitt and others to increased efifcrts to bring 
the subject imder the consideration of members of School Boards 
and all who have the education of the people at heart. A vast 
outlay of money and effort is being made to secure the blessings 
of education for the poor, but that such efforts on the whole will 
be fruitless of permanent benefit I have not the slightest douht, if 
the phonetic spelling is not used as a stepping stone to the ro- 
manic ; and the outlay of money will be wasted, as far as a re- 
turn for the expenditure is concerned. 

If School Boards take the question up, and institute experiments 
in their infant schools, determine to give the system a full and fair 
trial, I can predict with the greatest certainty for them absolute 
success— a success that will greatly astonish them, when they come 
to compare the progress of those phonetically taught with those 
taught romanictdly. As for the teachers, they will find what is 
now one of the most wearisome of tasks turned into pleasure. 
Children take to phonetic spelling from the outset, and finding 
that day by day they are advancing in knowledge, and that their 
progress is unattended with any great difficulty, and that all their 
efforts at putting two and two together are successful in making 
four, they acquu* confidence, and are proud of themselves for 
being able to do so much, instead of, as at present, being discour- 
aged at every fresh step they take. A study of my pamphlet, 
" A Vision of the Future," together with Mr Axon's pamphlet, 
will explain what are those fifficulties which render the art ot 
reading such a difficult one to acquire, and that of spelling an un^ 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 

16 Jan., 1875. 



possibility, and altogether remove the surprise that is now so often 
felt at the statement that children leave school at the end of seven 
years' instruction, indifferent readers and bad spellers. 

liet those who advocate the Reform underrate rather tlfan over- 
state the advantages. Let them give a plain statement of what 
can be done beyond all contradiction, and then all who are induced 
to make trial of the system will be sure to become its advocates in 
turn, and hj degrees public opinion will be turned in our favor. 

In conclusion, I trust that the columns of the Journal will be 
much more largely filled than hitherto with information about the 
progress of the Spelling and Reading Reform, and that we shall 
have the pleasure of seeing satisfactory experiments made in va- 
rious parts of the country, in schools where they can be carried on 
with that regularity that is necessary for their success through a 
lengthened period of time, as such experiments will be more satis- 
factory and of more value than private attempts can be. In the 
one case it is a portion of every-day work, on the part of those 
whose business teaching is ; in the other it is an attempt of an 
individual, at the expense of a great expenditure of time and 
trouble, and ofteh it is given up in despair at the end of a few 
months. At the same time I should be sorry to discourage such 
attempts, for they will have the effect of awakening interest in 
the subject, but those who fail through an imperfect attempt must 
not blame the system, but their omtu want of perseverance. 

When Phonotypy is introduced as a means of education into 
the infant schools of the country, I am assured that instead of the 
present miserable result, children at the age of thirteen will have 
received a fair, sound, and liberal primary education, that will be 
useful to them in after life ; and as time goes on I am assured 
that people will be convinced of the absurdity of teaching children 
Tomanic reading, when phonetic reading wiU answer all the pur- 
poses that orthography is designed for, namely, by written signs 
to express spoken sounds, phonetic spelling being perfection itself 
for the latter purpose. 

The first English advertisement that can be found is in the Im- 
perial IntelUgmeer for 1649, and relates to stolen horses. In 1712 
a tax was first imposed upon advertisements. In 1833 the tax 
was reduced from 3/6 to 1/6 in Great Britain, and from 2/6 to 1/ 
in Ireland ; and in 1863 it was abolished altogether. In 1832 
(the year before the reduction) the total number of newspaper ad- 
vertisements in the United Kingdom was 921,943 ; namely, 
787,649 in Engknd, 108,914 in Scotland, and 25,380 in Ireland, 
— the duty amounting to £172,670. In 1841 the total number of 
advertisements was 1,778,957, and the duty amounted to £128,318 ; 
in 1851 the latter had risen to £176,694. Since the abolition of 
the duty, the number of advertisements has vastly increased. 
There is no means of arriving at even a probable estimate of their 
number. The increase manifests itself not only in old-established 
papers such as the TimeSf which has more than doubled the number 
of its advertisements, but in the great number of papers that have 
sprung into existence since that time, some of which daily contain 
a great number of advertisements. One of these, the London 
Daily Telegraphy had, on the 13th November, 1861 (an average 
number), 686 advertisements. The Times (taking average num- 
bers) contained, on 1st ^February, 1853, 1,086 advertisements; 
and on the 21 st November, 1861, 2,450. In almost every case 
it is by means of the advertisements thatnewspapes are supported, 
the sales even of the high-priced papers being insufficient to pay 
for the paper, printing, editing, etc. The sums annually spent by 
some who issue advertisements are very considerable. Wq give 
the following, on the authority of the writer of an interesting ar- 
ticle on this subject, in the Quarter If/ Review for June, 1855 : — 
HoUoway (pills, etc.) £30,000 ; Moses and Son, £10,000 ; Row- 
land and Co. (Macassar oil, etc.) £10,000 ; De Jongh (cod-liver 
oil), £10,000; Heal and Sons (bedsteads and bedding), £6,000; 
Nichol (tailor), £4,000. — Beeton's Dictionary of Universal Infor- 

The duty on paper imtil the year 1837, was charged in two 
classes ; that made out of old tarred rope was considered as sec- 
ond-class paper, and ^aid a duty of l\d. per pound ; paper made 
froiH any other material was considered fiist-class, and paid a duty 

of 3^. per pound. This distinction was abolished in 1837, and 
the duty on all kinds of paper was fixed at 1^. per pound. In 
1857 and the two following years, the quantity of paper manufac- 
tured in Great Britain averaged about 303 million pounds. Of 
this quantity about one-twelfth was exported, and the rest con- 
sumed at home. The head-quarters of the paper manufacture are 
in Kent ; the places next in importance are Hertfordshire and the 
neighbouring counties, Lancashire and Devonshire. The chief 
paper-making localities in Scotland are in Lanark, Midlothian, 
and Aberdeen. "Within the last few years, the abolition of the 
paper-duty gave rise to considerable discussion in Parliament. In 
I860 Mr Gladstone, as Chancellor of the Exchequer, moved the 
abolition of the duty, in connection with an extensive financial 
scheme, which included a commercial treaty with France, etc. 
The Bill was passed by the House of Commons but reiected by 
the House of Lords. The only result at the time was the reduc- 
tion of the duty on foreign paper from 2\d. per pound, with five 
per cent, additional, to 1^^. per pound, with five per cent addi- 
tional. The duty was totally abolished in June, 1861, by the 
statute 24 Vic. c. 20,— Beeton's Dictionary of Universal Informa^ 


3 Aireton J. A., 25 Mountrath street, Walsall 
1 Allen Edwin, Earle's court, near Ide, Exeter 
3 Ashcroft T., 125 Cavendish street, Ashton.under-Ljne : derk 
1 Ayling Frank, Oak Dale Farm, Ooklev, Dorking, Surrey 
1 Bonner Thomas, Hartshorn street, Bilston 

1 Broad W. G., 1 Queen st., Bpitalfields, London, E. : merchant's clerk 

2 Broad J., 21 Great George street, Westminster, London, 8.W. : solicitor's 
1 Carter J., 6 Staple row, JarrOw-on-Tyne [clerk 
1 Chambers F. T., care of Mr Thomas Chambers, Union st.. Long £aton, 

near Nottingham : clerk 

1 Denham A. A., 157 Vaurhall Bridge road, London, S.W. 

3 Fletcher Eli, 123 Cavendish st., Ashton-under-Lyne : smith's apprentice 
3 French Fred, Bridge street, Buckingham ^ 

3 Hewitson Tom, South End, Wigton, Cumberland 

2 Holland G., Waleswood Colliery, Beighton. near Sheffield : clerk 

1 Jackson J. H., Senior place. Lord street, New Wortley, Leeds : clerk 

3 Jarvis A. 8., 79 Wilford road, Nottingham : clerk 
3 Johnson £. H., Rose hill, near Sutton, Surrey 

3 Jowett J. £., Btanningley, near Leeds 

3 Judge Levi, Moreton road, Buckingham 

3 Martyn Samuel S., Wadebridge, Cornwall 

3 Morgan J. B., 30 Severn street, Welshpool 

3 Moss John A., Occupation road, Mold green, Hnddersfield 

3 Moses Fortas, 28 Bean street, Hull 

3 Mothan E. F. W., 51 New street, Salisbury 

1 Myers J. W., Hall street, Barnard Castle 

3 Ramsey William, Pegswood Colliery, Morpeth, Northumberland 

3 Randall Stephen H., 15 Chiltern road. Campbell road. Bow, London 

1 Spencer G. W., North End, Buckingham 

1 Stebbings John, 26 New Broad street, London, E.C. 

1 Stuart Charles C, New Hampton road, Whitmore Beans, Wolrerhampton : 

stationer's assistant 

2 Taylor A., 9 Wood Grove, Edge lane, Liverpool : clerk 

3 White E. J., «6 MUlbrook pkce, Newport, Isle of Wight 

1 Wilde C, Hollingworth, N.S., Hadfield, near Manchester : pupil teacher 

2 Witton Walter, la Fowuall road, Queen's road, Dalston, London : piano- 

forte maker 

AUerationt of Address, 
Coates Anthony, from Rochdale to 64 Northpate, Bradford 
Jenkin Nicholas, from Bout port street to Priory Pilton, Barnstaple 
Bettie George, from 3 Lombard court io Office of the Christian^ 13 Pater- 
noster builmngs, London, E.C. 

Letters of inquiry io the Editor of this Journal, must contain apostate stamp 
or an addressed postcard. Every communication must be authenticated by 
the name and address of the writer, not nsoessarUy for publication, but as a 
guarantee qf good faiuk. 

Wanted, some members residing in Huddersfield and district, and about 
18 years of age, to join an evercirculator written in the Learners' and Cor- 
responding Styles of Phonography. No fees. Apply to Mr Norman Porritt, 
11 Clare hill, Huddersfield. 

Wanted, two or three members to complete the postal list of an evercir- 
culator to be called the " Latin Student, which will consist of exercises in 
Latin questions, etc. Only those using " Cassel^s Popular Educator " re- 
quired. Entrance fee, 1/. Apply to the conductor, Mr A. G. Parrott, Tele- 
graph department, P. O., Peterborough. 

Two more members are wanted to complete the postal list of the *' Perse- 
verance," now on its first round ; written in the Learners' and easy Corres- 
ponding Styles of Phonography. Cirouktes the " Phonographer." Annual 
subscription, 1/ ; no other fees. Apply to Mr W. Barr, 1 Victoria road, 

Wanted, a few members to complete the postal list of the " Shorthand 
Times," an everoircnlator written m the Corresponding Style of Phonogra- 
phy ; articles original or selected. Apply to Mr John F. Wilkinson, Ash' 
worth street, Waterfoot, near Manchester. 

Digitized by VnOO^ VC 




16 Jan., 1875. 


Bonner Thomas, Hartshome street, Bilston 

Diproae A. Q., 10 Acorn terrace, Mile Towns, Sheemesi 

Foston C. E., Sheepshed, Longhboroagh, Leicestershire 

Jackson J. H., Senior place, Lord street, New Wortley, Leed« 

Laneton J., 7 John street, Chorlev, Lancashire 

Morley G. W., 7 Garden street. Bury, Lancashire 

Phillips James, 19 Seymour place, Edgware road, London, W. 

Sirrett J. B., High street. Stony Stratford 

Stebbings John, 26 New Broad street. London, E.G. 

Wilde C, Hollingworth N. S., Hadfield, near Manchester 

If B^ron'z ansestri woz a dark W7n on hiz ffider'z s^d, 
it woz an ivil wsn on hiz m^derz'z, hm woz an inkamejon 
ov ol ^nrizon. Xi woz ignorant, Ji woz sili, Ji woz 
pajonet ; in rej Ji woz -snkontrerlabel. Si wud ind^lj 
him tu ekses wTsn de, and de nekst hi woz " a lem brat." 
When dc wer on gud termz hi wnd kol her " Kiti Gor- 
don," and when de wer in dcr liiatrikal rcjez hi wnd drer 
crpen de derr ov de droig-ruim, and se, ** Ent^r de Onor- 
abel Kiti." Ei woz fond ov him, in her wjld, fmlij we, 
and woz jenerali at wor wid hiz gardian and hiz ti^er. 
Hi woz alond, wh^l at skml, tn spend S^^nde wid her ; b^t 
die did not satisQ her, for Ji frikwentli kept him a wik, 
and wud not send him bak. When hiz tiger refqzd tu let 
him vizit her, Ji went tu de skml and abi^zd him ser loudli 
dat de skolarz and de servants kud not help hirii) her. 
•* B^ron, nr m^der iz a fuil," sed w^n ov hiz skuilmets. 
" OB ner it," bi anserd, glmmili. Wheder B^ron l^vd hiz 
invder me bi douted, bvt it iz serten dat hi trited her wid 
respekt and deferens. Hi reperd !Nqsted Abi, and plest 
her in it when hi went abrod, and hi frikwentli rert tu 
her, adresig her az de Onorabel Ms B[ron, a t^tel tu whig 
Ji had nor klem. Si woz proud ov hiz jinivs, and red wid 
igernes ol dat Ji so about him in print. When hi retsrnd 
tu Iijgland after hiz tiu yirz' travel Ji woz agkjvs tu si 
him. Hi rert from hiz hertel in London *dat hi wud smn 
si her, and in de perstskript ov hiz not, bi sed, '' XL wil 
konsider Ni|jsted az i^r hous, and not m^n, and mi ernli az 
a viziter." Sqperstijvs at ol t^mz, Ji remarkt tu her 
wetig-wuman when Ji red de nert, " If I Jud bi ded befw 
B^ron ksmz doun, whot a strenj dig it wud bi." Q.e strenj 
dig kem tu pas, and woz brot about b^ a fit ov rej intu 
whig Ji woz dron bj ridig crver her ^phorlsterer'z bil. 
Biron resivd netis ov her ilnes, and started instantli tu 
her, b«t arivd tui let. Xi had bridd her last. ** Mj puir 
msder d^d yesterde !" hi rert tu hiz frend Pigot, " and i 
am on mi we from toun tu a tend her tu de famili volt. ^ 
herd W3n de ov her ilnes, de nekst ov her ded. Hai)k 
God, her last moments wer m^st trankwil. ^ am teld Ji 
woz in litel pen, and not awer ov her sitiiejon. $ nou fil 
de trmd ov Mr Gre'z obzervejon, dat ' wi hav anli w^n 
m^der.* " 

On de Kontinent douzandz ov wvrkig men liv for olmerst 
hfif de yir on bred and greps. Igglijmen me bi sed tu 
liv on bred and mit. Se later haz rizen olmerst tu famin 
prjsez bj a grorig demand. Prordykjon haz litel gans ov 
ever agen in Iggland getig abrest ov konsTJmpJon. ^e 
kri, houever, ov mer fruit, az an artikel o? djet, m^t tend 

tu moderet de insejiabel krevig for mit. In de herp dat 
merr frmt me spidili bi wonted, it iz important tu konsider 
befarhand hou it iz tu bi prerv;ded. 

ae eksperiment iz at list w^rd tr^ig, merr espejali az it 
wil prmv profitabel tu derz hui mek it. At de proper tim 
fil iq vekant pies on wol, or fens, or ground wid froit-berig 
trjz. Let iq hous, kotej, stebel, outhous, farm-bildig, bi 
ksverd wid frmit triz. Let a red bi med on q,sles triz and 
JrT^bz dat hav tm log bin s^ferd tu enki^mber de ground, 
and der plesez bi fild wid triz whig wil prGrdi^s apelz, perz, 
goriz, phmz, and n^ts. When ol dis haz bin d^n — and, 
if d^n d^rerli, diz genjez wil trebel de frmt prodqs ov de 
k^ntri — presid tu mek wor agenst Hsles fensez, hejez, and 
digez. Let ol or merst dorn hejez dat mirli separet gar- 
denz bi destroid, and a l^n ov gmzberi bujez planted in 
der sted. cliz wil yild enormia krops ov gud fmd, grin 
and r^p, and prmv fens ensf for s^g pozijonz. 81erpig dig 
bagks m^t olser, if properli klind and enrigt, prmv kapital 
plesez for de k^Iti^r ov stroberiz, or de grerd ov kordon 
frmt triz. Sen doun wid de iisles polardz dat disfigi^r 
hcjrerz birerdsid and fild, and plant frmt-triz insted. 

Whot merr bi^tiful in blosom, wbot sor rig in frmt, whot 
merr glGrri3S in de fedig glari ov der d^ig livz dan nobel 
hejror triz ov perz, plvmz, apelz, geriz P And, wi me sefli 
ad, whot ser profitabel ? Bj utilizig do-z spesez whio ms 
nou bi sed tu run tu west, or nirli sor, wi Jud hav a hsn- 
drcd fin frmts tu wsn dat wi hav nou. And az land iz 
limited, it wud bi politik in dis kes tu imprmv ol west 
plesez and everi vekant spcs. Fq, genjez wud dm mcrr tu 
imprmv de fes ov de ksntri and ad greter bi^ti tu de land- 
skep dan de plantig ov bejrerz wid frmt triz. Az tu de 
los ov frmt bj peti defts, it wud skersli bi felt amid de 
jeneral plenti, and wud in fakt sis oltugeder wid de grtnu 
ab^ndans in akordans wid a i^niversal lo ov iven boii| 
netqr, dat de merr plentiful enidig iz, and de merr izih 
aksesibel, de les de temptejon tu tek it.— ^<? Kantri. 

{Key to Corretponding 8t$Uy page 29.) 

This indignity Neptune could not brook, and it was the only 
instance I ever knew of his actually tumine upon a human being: 
he bit one of the little fellows, not to rough the skin, but suffici- 
ently to bruise him severely. When the dog's temper was past, 
there was no necessity for punishment ; never was sorrow more 
perfectly expressed by words than by this poor animal's gestures. 
He stood beside the weeping, generous cnild, who, injured and 
suffering as he was, kept entreating that '* doggy might not be 
beat !" The animal stood with his head down, his eurs flapped, 
his tail turned in ; there he remained, attempting to caress the 
boy, absolutely inviting him to take the ride for which he had 
paid so dearly. 

There is nothing more beautiful in childhood than the readiness 
with which it forgets injury, and establishes intimacv : the bright 
confiding look of a child who has known you but &ve minutes, 
yet places his little hand within yours, and makes you at once 
confidant to his plans and his pleasures, assured of your sympathy 
and protection, is one of the most touching and beautiful tnings 
in the world. Woe to those who cannot feel it, for they carry 
woe in the dark shut-up recesses of their closed hearts ! Many 
years have passed since then, yet I remember how that innocent 
child flung his arm round the dog's neck, and pressed his flushed 
cheek, wet with tears, to the hairy face of the anixnal, assuring 
his elder brothers that it was all a mistake, as Nep did not intend 
it ; he had no notion his teeth were so hard and sharp. This ac- 
cident developed a new feature in the dog's character : hisremcnse 
did not pass rapidly away.; he desired to atone for the sufering 
he had inflicted. The next day he went alone to the clifls, and 
{Continued on page 31.) j 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 

16 Jan., 1875. 




From *' ETeningt at Home, in Words of One Bjllable/* by permuaioD 
of Uaaara Cuaell, Fetter, and Oalpin. Price 2>. ej. 

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V, Ja ' Ja ^ ■ C" k , f 1 ^ ; r- ^ 

. ^ ^ ■ CI. . ^/ V W )- x_ o 

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(Keg on page 28.) 

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Xi/ o ' V-a ^ . Q ^.^^j '' X o X Z-i, 

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16 Jan., 1875. 

u x" ^--' d;;; -f ^ X ^ "^ ' ^- ^" 

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(To he eonhnued.J 


{Ketf on page 31.) 


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16 Jan., 1875. 



{CoHtinuedfron pag€ 28.) 

watched for his littie friend's approach ; he greeted him with the 
same downcast gentleness, but gave his brothers clearly to under- 
stand that he did not wish to be familiar with them : he swam 
with him into the water, and dived whenever the boy was passed 
beneath the rising wave by the bathing!:- woman ; he obeyed his 
every whim* — swimming, and bringing him sticks and stones, 
lemming and tumbling at the word of command. 

The child was invited to remain with us after the bathing sea- 
son was over. "We feared there was but little chance of the bud 
opening into the blossom : the sea air certainly revived him ; the 
physician shook his head, and said, " But for a time." There is 
something delightfully exciting in endeavoring to prove a physi- 
cian in the wrong. Edward was so full of the best part, the 
spiritual of life, that, child though he was, we felt all the better 
for his society — it did us good. His brothers were too rough, too 
romping for him ; and though he cried, his tears for their depar- 
ture were soon dried. If I had been jealously given, I^eptune's 
love for the boy would have made war between us ; but the dog 
watched his whims in a patronizing sort of way, deriving pleasure 
only from the pleasure he gave. He would turn round, and wag 
his tail at me, as much as to say, ** He is but a baby, you know I" 

(Key to Beporting Style, page 80.) 

If so many blessings come with peace, and if peace can be re- 
ceived only by trusting in the Lord, what a merciful command it 
is — " Trust ye in the Lord for ever !" 

Let us never forget that every one of the Lord*6 commandments 
is intended to produce some blessing. They show us the way in 
which the blessings are to be found ; they reveal to us the means 
by which the blessings are to be gained. We are commanded to 
'* trust in the Lord" only for our good, because it is by so doing 
alone that we can receive the Lord's peace, full contentment of 
soul, and the rich satisfaction of every good desire of our hearts. 

Hence the command to trust is connected with a promise of 
help — ** in the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength." If the 
Lord be on our side who can prevail against us ? If all our plea- 
sures and pains, our trials and victories, our anxieties and joys, 
are directed by the Lord's hand, how deep and abiding may be 
our peace and confidence ! To have Him for our ^* everlasting 
strength " is indeed to have an unfailing and all-sufficient protec- 
tor, helper, and comforter. We can obtain this blessing by trust- 
ing in uie Lord ** for ever." Well might the Savior, after giving 
His promise of peace, encourage his disciples in these words — 
*' Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid." 


The Chinese are remarkable for their skill in all that concerns 
the art of design. In China, when a man has found out any im. 
provement in his art, he makes it known to the governor of the 
province, and claims a reward for his skill. The governor imme- 
diately orders the article to be placed at the door of his palace, 
and exhibited there for a year. If, in that time, no one points 
out any imperfection in it, the artist is rewarded, and taken into 
the governor's service. But if any real defect can be pointed out 
in the work, it is returned without any reward. One day a young 
man brought to the palace a piece of silk cloth, on which was re- 
presented an ear of com, and a sparrow perching on it. No one on 
seeing it could deny that the representation was very life-like. At 
last a man came by, and began to criticise the performance, declar- 
ing that it was by no means faultless. He was immediately admitted 
into the governor's presence, and at the same time the artist was 
sent for. The fault-finder was then asked what his objections 
were. He said, " Everybody knows very well that a sparrow 
cannot alisht upon an ear of com without making it bend. Now, 
the artist has represented it quite straight, and yet he has shewn 
a sparrow perched upon it." The remark was just, and the ar- 
tist received no reward. The object which the Chinese have in 
view, in all this is, to exercise the talents of their artists, and to 
lead them to study carefully every work they execute, and bestow 
the greatest poBiible pains upon all their productions. 

WONT OV aE LETEB "J?, d," 
A korespondent ov de Tlmz ov de 251 November, asks 
if it wud not hi az wel, nou dat de Fijianz hav bek^m 
our felcr-s^bjekts, dat wi Jud k^m tu s^m ^nderstandii) 
az tu de orlografi ov berl der ncmz and ilandz, about whig 
a sad konfii3on ekzists at prezent. Hi sez :— Eer prinsi- 
pal qi£ Serui, hmm j' nil 25 yirz agor az " Kakombou," a 
nem komperzd ov t^k Fijian wurdz signiQig " ekBJt," or 
'' mek bad," and Bou, and given tu him b^ hiz kvntrimen 
from hiz havir) rezd a rebeliou in d4t toun whig konfermd 
hiz ffider'z and hiz an oloriti, figi^rz in several letli- 
-p^blijt dokiiments, and iven in de kobmz ov de Timz 
BtT let az last wik, az ^Cakobau,) whig, if rezolvd intu a 
derivcjon from de Grik, mjt bi s^porzd tu ekspres hiz en 
najonal non de gtr, older a Latin sots mjt aajn tu it a m^g 
lerer orijin. * beliv de trml tu bi dat de mijonariz, 
natiirali agkj^s tu simpliQ de red^kjon ov de Fijian lag- 
gwcj intu a riten form, and sa fasilitet de akwirment bi 
de nctiv res ov de pouer ov ridig der translejon ov de 
Skripti^rz and 3der buks ov deverjon printed at der en 
presez, lot it dez^rabel tu rediis de number ov de leterz 
ov de alfabet az far az posibel. Wid dis y\\ de leter c, de 
hard sound ov whig iz eksprest bj k, and de softer bi *, 
bekifmz an snnesesari leter, and iz dcrfer aproprieted bi 
dem az a ^, or f(th^ whil de leter 5. havig olwez (or nirli 
se) de sound ov «i, prifikst tu it in de Fijian laggwej, dat 
leter iz entirli sirprest in rjtig, olde fuli prenounst in 
spig. ae mest arbitrari genj ov ol iz, perhaps, de adopjon 
ov q^ tu signiQ 2?» and dis naturali lidz tu gret konfqson in 
spelig or ridig Fijian wifrdz bi eni Urepian. aiz genjez, 
doutles, 8»fijentli akount for de adopjon, in doki^ments 
eksprest in de Fijian laggwej ov de s^mwhot Iradikr^s 
orlografi ov mi pmr eld si-devaf) kanibal frend'z mest 
prizd titel ov onor ; b^t i kanot ligk it ekski^zez it wlien 
wi rit ov him in IggliJ, az 999 personz ov everi 1,000 in 
dis kifutri wil sertenli giv de nem de pren^^nsiejon whig 
our en alfabet olorizez. Az if tu injrar dis abswditi, de 
riterz ov a let ofijal peper (de Eepert ov Komoder 
Guden^f and KonsTjl Lsard) inveriabli rit ov de gif az 
^Cacobau,) whil in de nekst lin de nem ov hiz Prim 
Minister (a Fijian svbjekt, bi it rememberd) iz spelt, in 
komformiti wid IggliJ orlografi, ^Thurston.) Xrarli, Rak- 
ombou and Hurston, or {Cakobau and Curston,) wud hav 
at list de merit ov konsistensi. A siriirs objekjon wil 
probabli okw tu meni tu de parjal adopjon ov simbolz ov 
a savej laggwej in our maps and garts, destind for de ^8 
ov ol XXrepian navigeterz. Whot netiv wil rekogniz 
" Lakemba " if prenounst bi an ink wirig strenjer ^Lakeba,) 
or " Benga *' az <Bega.> Tet diz and similar instansez 
ok^r in our Admiralti plan ov de ilandz. Or, lodabel az 
de orijinal intenjonz ov de mijonariz ^ndoutedli wer, if de 
erli akwizijon or de IggliJ laggwej (olmest imposibel tu 
de MaleePoliniJianz, hist izi tu de Blak resez) and kon- 
sekwentli aks^ tu IggliJ buks, iz an objekt tu bi dezird, 
wil de preses bi asisted bi de nesesiti ov tigig tth separet 
sistemz ov orlografi in ol netiv skmlzP * myst apolojiz 
for de legtt ov dis leter ; b^t az Fijian aferz, insignifikant 
az de adijon tu our Zolenal Empjr ov 4J milionz gv ekerz 
Digitized by VnOOV iCT 



16 Jan., 1875. 

me apjr at prezent, wil probabli okxipi B^sm atenjon and 
giv r^z tu a gud dil ov diskvjon diirii) de nekst Sejoo oy 
Parliment, I ventiir ta ^igk dat diz diskirjonz wud kari 
wid dem greter influens in de nii Koloni dan if perverjonz 
ov nemz, Jmr tu prerverk derigon, wer banded about b^ de 
biest oloritiz in dis ki^ntri. Me i preziim tu herp dat x\ 
wil not ligk dis s^bjekt tm insignifikant tu dezerv a netis 
in qr vali^abel kol^ymz, b^t dat diz remarks, Jud de apir 
der, me elisit ST^m solmjon ov a diGkslti from sym lerned 

The annoal snbscriptions of members of the Phonetic Society are 
now due, and the Secretary will feel pleasure in receiving them early 
in the New Year, and not later than Ist February. The List of mem- 
bers for 1875 will then be prepared. Each member is requested to 
state the Class in which he wishes to appear, and to place before his 
name any honorary distinction, (*) showing that he can write 100 
words per minute, (**) 150 words per minute, (*♦*) 200 words per 
minute, or (t) certificated teacher, to which he is entitled. 

ISAAC PITMAN, Secretary. 


The PHONOGRAPHIC TEACHER; or, First Book in Shorthand, oon- 
tainin? a series of ProgresaiT© Lessons. Price W. Four for 1/8 ^ Six for 
2/6 : Twelve for 4/10 ; post paid. . . ., „ . a. xv 

The PHONOGRAPHIC COPT BOOK, for writing the Exercises firomthe 
TEACHBR. Price Zd. ; larje sue, W. SmaU aise, 2/6 per dosen j large 

"•^SOFrPABTE^Tn^^"^^ Price 6rf. Four for 

1/8: Six for 2/6; Twelre for 4/10; post paid. .„, _,^ - -. ,^. 

The PHONOG RAPHIC READER. A course of Shorthand Lessons with 

a Key fooing each page. Price ed. Four for 1/8 j Six for 2/6 j Twelve for 

^A'lSAN&iX OF PHONOGRAPHY, being a complete exposition of 
thfsystem. PriceX/6. Four for 4/9; Six for Tt.j Twelve for 14..; cloth, 2/ j 

'^'qUEStA'ns'^ON the manual OF PHONOGRAPHY. Price Si. 
This work is recommended to yonng persona who are learning to express their 

***A'cOMPEND°(fF PHONOGRAPHY, containing the Alphabet, Gramma- 
lognes. and principalRules for Writing. Priced.; IM. per doaen, postpaid. 

EXERCISES IN PHONOGRAPHY : a series of Graduated Exercises to 
be written in Shorthand by the student. Price W. ; IM. per dosen. post paid. 

tK PHONOGRAPHIC REPORTER, an Adaptation of Phonography to 
Tcr^^ reporting. Price 2/6. Four for 7/10; Six for 11/9; Twefve for 

^^^l^e PHONOcSapIiO PHRASE BOOK, cDnUinin5ne.jly 8^000 ex«j. 
pliofthephraaes used in reporting. Price 1/. Four for 8/2 j Six for ^ j 

SELECTIOn'^^M THE BEST AUTH0B8; acourse of reading prac- 
tice in the Reporting Style, with a Key in common print. Price 4i. Four 
for lA • Six for 1/9; Twelve for 3/4, post paid. ,^. «^. «^ 

LIST OF THE PHONETIC SOCIETY for the year 1874. Price 2d. 
The flrst-class members of this Society correct the lessons of learners through 
the DOst fr9e qfehargf. The pubUo ar€ ewtiontd agatrut venon* who ad. 

The PHONETIC JOURNAL. The volume for 1873 contains over 200 
columns of printed Shorthand, with Key in common prinM«d interesting 
arta^Min phonetic printing. A valuabU work for Shortkamd tudtnU. 
Price 6t., hiOf bound, cloth sides, poet paid. 

Bath : Isaac Pitman, Phonetic Institute. 

London : F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row. 


ML and Reporting Styles; single copy, 3Jrf.. post free ; annual subswip. 
Ion. 3/ P.O.O. payable at Barker street, Hanimorth. J. Thomas, Rose 
ill, Handsworth, Birmingham. L«bJ 



Now Ready, 

jSjl Copt. 3W. poet fSree; annual subscription. 8*. Contents : Thrilling 

AdventurS of ?Co£imercial Traveler ; The Wreck of the Pirate ; The Law- 
^s Story ; etc. No. 1 aU sold. Nos. 2 to 6 forwarded for It. 0^. m^irf. 
stamps. J. Thomas, Handsworth, Birmingham. 


J THOMAS, Reporter. CertiBcated Teacher. Editor 
• and Writer of the ''^Midland Phonetic Herald." has vacancies for 
more Pupils. Apply •* 8 Lansdowne terrace, Rose hill, Handsworth, Bw- 
tningham. f ^"-^ 

Nouj Beady ^ price 1*. 

with Engraved Shorthand characters. 

SCRAP ALBUMS— Albums for the insertion of Photo- 
graphs. Engravings, Newspaper Cuttings. Scraps, etc. Large sise, 
handsomely Bound in extra Clotn, embossed Gold Cover, price 4/. Smaller 
sizes, 2/3 and 2/A, post free. Boy's <rwn Scrap Book and Girl's own Scrap 
Book, in handsome Covers. 2/ each, post free. 

SMALL PHOTOGRAPHS (about 6^ x 4 inches) of well-known Paintings, 
Engravings, etc., for insertion in Scrap Books ; 3/ per dozen, post free. 
London : F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row. 

USICAL SHORTHAND.— The most rapid method 

of writing Music extant. Send stamped envelope for Prospectus to 
William Roberts, 12 Dickenson road, Rusholme, near Manchester. R«rer> 
ences to pupfls in all parts of the country [r] 

HE FOOD QUESTION.— List of the Publications of 

the Yeeetarian Society forwarded to any applicant by post card.— Ths 
Secretary, The Hurst, Heaton Mersey, Manchester. 

ASSOCIATION, 160 Aldersgate Street, E.C., (Aldersgate Schools). 
Musical and Elocutionary Entertainment, Thursday, January Zlst, 7. 30 p.m. 
Admission to non-members free, by Ticket only, to be had at 20 Paternoster 
row, E.G. [m] 


ASSOCIATION, 160 Aldersgate Street, E.G., (Aldersgate Schools). 
London Pbonographers should join this Association, which meets Thursday 
Evenings. Apply to the Secretary, as above. [mj 

Ready on the I5th of January. 

THE PHONETIC JOURNAL.— Volume for 1874, 
half bound, cloth sides, price 6f., post free. 
CoiTTBVTS : 200 columns of careftiUy executed Shorthand, with Key in 
common print ; a comprehensive view of the progress of Uie Reform durinK 
the year throughout the world ; numerous interesting articles in new and 
old spelling ; and the names of all the New Members of the Phonetic Soci« 
ety enteral during the year, etc. etc. 

A valuable book for the librarr, or for presentation to perserering phono- 
graphic pupils. Only a limited number has been reserved for binding ; 
orders should therefore be sent at once to the Phonetic Institute, Bath ; or 
through a bookseller to the Phonetic Depdt, 20 Paternoster row, London. 
A few copies of the VOLUME for 1873 are still on sale, price 6«., post free. 
Bath : Isaac Pitman, Phonetic Institute. 
London : F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row. 

«« TT\ITZGERALD !" ** Yes. Alexander." «* Have you 

X? read that capital GHOST STORY and HOW TO CONFESS, in 
the MIDLAND PHONETIC HERALD for December ?" •* No." " Then 
send Mr Thomas, Rose hill, Handsworth, Birmingham, 3^. at once for its 
enchanting literature. While ^ou are sending yon mav as well enclose P.0.0. 
for 8/, as your annual subscription for this year. There is a capital story 
commenced, THE WRECK OF THE PIRATE. The writing is in the Cor- 
responding and easy Reporting Styles ; that A 1 LAWYER* ET STORY alone 
is worth the money." [m] 

Now Ready, crown Svo., 16 pp., double columns, price S^., post free. 

JL Contains, amongst other interesting matter. Reporting at Home 
and Abroad ; A Cnticism on the Present Edition of Phonography ; Sogges- 
tions relating to the Completion of Phonography, by Mr J. W. Love ; A 
Reporter from the North ; and F. N. Hanley, 

iilso, a NEW SHORTHAND VOLUME m extra cloth, gilt lettered, post 
90, 2/ ; two copies or more, 1/9 each. " A Condensed Report of 14 tec- 
res on ' Mental Culture,' by the Rev. H. W. Holland. (WedeyanJ written 
the Corresponding, Easy Importing, and brief Reportimr Styles. Published 

by Edward Chamberlain, 

' Pnonographic Standard" 

Losells road, 

and Advanced) or Private Lessons, by a Certificated Teacher. Addrea 
B. W. Burton, 739 Wandsworth road, Clapham, London, S. W. [m] 

R J. A. SUTCLIFFE, Teacher of Phonography! 

Phonetic Institute, 8 Mulberry street, Otler road, Bradfora, Yorks. 
To pupils intending to follow the reporting profession Mr SutolilTe offen 
unrivalled advantages. Classes conducted (br Societies. Terms on ^>plioa' 


THE BEAUTIFUL. New, Emblematical. Letter Paper 
with Engrsved heading in Colored Ink, ruled paper, own name and 
address. 1/9 per 100. SomerviUe, 18 Princess street, (^uiisle. [r] 

Printed by Isaac Pitman (Inventor of Phonography) at the Phonetic 
Institute, Kingston Buildings, Bath ; and Ftiblished by F. Pitman, tt 
the Phonetio Dep6t, 20 Paternoster Row, London. All oommonioatiooi 
for the Editor to be addressed, Ismo Pitman, Bath. 

Digitized by V^UU^ l^ 

23 Jan., 1875. 



SATURDAY, 22rd JANUARY, 1875. 


The annnal subscriptions of members of the Phonetic Society are 
now due, and the Secretary will feci pleasure in receiving them early 
in the New Year, and not later than 1st February. The List of mem- 
bers for 1875 will then be prepared. Each member is requested to 
state the Class in which he wishes to appear, and to place before his 
name any honorary distinction, (*) showing that he can write 100 
words per minute; (**) 150 words per minute, (***) 200 words per 
minnte, or (t) certificated teacher, to which he is entitled. 

ISAAC PITMAN, Secretory. 

€hmwtunieaiioiufor this Department qftke Journal, NoHee» qfBvereireulatore, 
etc., ekould Be written ieparate^from Uttere, and ntarked ** Journal." 

BANFF and MACDUFF.— A knowledge of the art of Pho- 
nography is spreading so rapidly in these towns that at a meeting 
held on Tuesday evening, the dthinst., for the most part composed 
of phonographers, it was agreed to form an Association to be called 
the Banff and Macduff Shorthand Writers' Association, to meet 
in the old Court Koom, Banff, every Tuesday evening at half-past 
eight o* clock. An interim Secretary has been appointed, and it 
was resolved to ask an influential gentleman in Banff to be Uon- 
orary President. It is hoped that young phonographers who are 
studying the " Manual " will avail themselves of this opportunity 
of perfecting themselves in the art. The classes in Banff and 
Macduff this session have been quite a success, having been at- 
tended by 35 and 25 pupils respectively. 

BRADFORD Phonoo&aphers' Association. From A, Wid- 
4op, Secretary.— The usual weekly meeting of this Association 
was held on Monday evening, the 11th January, when reporting 
practice was conducted by Mr J. A. Sutcliffe, after which readings 
were given by Messrs Coates and Pickles, which were highly ap- 
preciated by the members present. 

BRISTOL Shorthand Writers* Association. From /. S, 
A, Stamp. — A very interesting lecture was delivered on the 9th 
instant by Mr F. J. Williams, (a member and ex-vice-President 
of this Association,) at the Young Men's Christian Association, 
preparatory to the commencement of the new session of the ele- 
mentary phonographic classes in connection with that Institution. 
The lecturer commenced by giving a brief but comprehensive 
sket(^ of the origin and progress of fSphabetic writing, and pointed 
outy in a graphic and amusing style, a few of the absurdities of 
our present defective orthography, contrasting it with the sim- 
plicity and scientific arrangement of the phonetic alphabet. He 
forcibly ui|^ the adoption of the phonetic system in teaching the 
art of reading, showing the great economy of time and labor to be 
gained thereby. The speaker then proceeded to notice the vari- 
ous systems of shorthand that had been published in this country, 
and then gave an exposition of the principles of Phonography, 
coupled with some ver^ apt illustrations of the ease with which 
the system oould be wntten, and its brevity as compared with or- 
dinary longhand. After successfully combating the various ob- 
C'ions which are occasionally raised against the study of short- 
d, the lecturer impressed upon his hearers the advantages to 
be derived from the use of Phonography ; and urged all, and more 
especially the young, to lose no time in acquiring a knowledge of 
this useful and pleasing branch of education ; and concluded a 
highly instructive lecture by saying how essential shorthand is 
rapidly becoming in business offices of every description, as well 
as for mental improvement and private correspondence. He 
stated also that Phonography is the only system of shorthand that 
has achieved a literature of its own : referring to the numerous 
printed and manuscript journals that are now issued, and mention- 
ing the *« Argus," issued by the Bristol Shorthand Writers' Asso- 
ciation. We regret very much that there was not a large attend- 
ance, but we cannot help fancying that this was due, in a great 

measure, to the very inadequate way in which the lecture had 
been announced — only a brief notice in one of the local papers, 
and a few smtfll handbills distributed in the shop windows (of 
which we only saw one), and we think that the Executive of the 
Young Men's Christian Association would have found it a good 
investment hid they been a little more liberal in the matter of 
advertising, and brought the lecture before the public in a manner 
more worthy of the importance of the subject dealt with. 

We are glad to hear that the classes in contiection with the 
Young Men's Association are so successful, and trust that the 
ranks of the Bristol Shorthand Writers' Association will, at no 
very distant period, be mat^ally strengthened by the members 
taught in them. 

LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writers' Association. — 
At the annual meeting of this Association, which was held on 
Thursday evening, the 7th instant, the officers for the year were 
elected, and the President congratulated the members on the pros- 
perous state of the Association. He reviewed the work of the 
last year, during which time several good essays had been deliv- 
ered and interesting discussions had taken place. A hearty and 
unanimous vote of thanks -was passed to Mr F. J. Perks for his 
services as Secretary and Treasurer, the duties of which offices he 
discharged for two years in the most satitfactoiy manner, and re- 
gret was expressed at his determination to retire from the post. 
The newly elected Secretary is Mr B. W. Burton. The following 
is the announcement of meetings till the end of March : — 


January 21— Musical and Elocutionary Entertainment. 

„ 28— Essay, ** The Times," Mr D. G. Moore. 
February 4 — „ "Women past and present," Mr W. MuUins. 
„ 11 — „ ** American Phonography," „ R.A.Newton. 
„ 18— Debate ; subject to be announced on the 4th Feb., 

Mr J. 8. Cook. 
„ 25 — Readings and recitations with discussions. 
March 4—" Commumsm, is it commendable P' Mr W. W. Thomas. 
„ 11— Competition Essay : " Arctic Exploration, " (Com- 
petitors to give their names to the Secretary not later 
than Uie 4m March). 
„ 18— Debate; subject to be announced on the 4th March. 

Mr W. Hoare. 
„ 26— Essay, " Cremation," Mr W. E. Ainsworth. 

Reporting practice each evening from 7 to 8. The Library la 
open between 7 and 8. 

SHEERNESS. From Thomas Nixon, ■— A little more than 
eight years ago I attempted to learn Phonography, and shortly 
afterwards removed to tlus town. I got acquainted with several 
young men, and attended a Mutual Improvement Society. After 
a while some of the members found out that I had a knowledge 
of shorthand, and invited me to attempt the instruction of a class. 
Accordingly we opened a class of twelve members on the 16th 
Januarj', 1867. About this time Phonography was not very well 
known here. We met nine or ten nights with varied results. At 
this time I advised them to continue the class, appoint a chairman, 
and practise and persevere* Then I bade them God-speed and 
farewell, as I was going away. With the exception of a reporter 
to one of the local papers, I believe these twelve composed the 
whole of l^e phonographers in Sheemess. 

About eighteen months since I came back again, and found 
some of my old friends. The majority had given up shorthand. 
One had been prevailed upon to trv Odell's system of shorthand 
in preference to Phonography, and he told me he can write anv- 
thing in that system, but could not get along fast enough to take 
down a speech, and he very much regretted giving up his first 
shorthand. Another has a situation worth £ 120 a year, and writes 
Phonography yet. Several others recollect sometiiing of Phono- 
graphy, and all agree that the study would affi)rd them great 
pleasure ; but having no one to keep them up to it, they one by 
one left the class, and have done nothing since. I find there are 
numerous other persons that are phonographers in various capaci- 
ties. One has just taken a situation in London and is doing well ; 
another has gone to Oxford to a printing establishment. There 
are several tbat have commenced the study and promise to make 
good writers. 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 



23 Jan., 1875. 


The above subject is of such importance and interest to all pho- 
nographers, and especially to all members of the Phonetic Society, 
that no apology is needed for introducing it as a matter for discus- 
sion in the columns of the Phonetic JournaL Every member of 
the Phonetic Society has undertaken to do his best to introduce 
an improved method of teaching to read the present books by first 
using phonetic books, and to extend the art o£ Phonography by 
every available means within his power. As our elementary 
schools offer the very best field to work in, it now becomes a ques- 
tion of great importance to consider not only whether eyery indi- 
vidual member of our Society has done and is doing his best to 
secure this very desirable result, but, I think, under present cir- 
cumstances^ it is of still greater importance to consider whether 
the Phonetic Society, as a Society, has done and is doing what 
it may and ought to do in the same direction. 

Much has been written from time to time respecting the intro- 
duction of the system into our schools, but I think that in all these 
oases at least one very important thing has not been properly taken 
into consideration. The readers of this Journal may or may not 
be aware that in all schools under Goverment inspection not only 
are they governed by the so-called system of " payment by results, * 
but that these results most be obtained in a certain specified man- 
ner, and that under some inspectors a schoolmaster would run a 
very great risk indeed if he ventured to introduce the phonetic or 
any other new system into his school without having first con- 
sulted with and received the approbation of the inspector. Even 
with regard to the *' extra subjects," as they are called, the master 
must consult with his Inspector as to what subjects he shall in- 
troduce, and in what manner they shall be treated. 

It follows then that it is next to useless to hope to introduce 
our system into these schools under the present order of things, 
and that before we can make real progress in this direction we 
must get the Government to allow the phonetic S3r8tem to be in- 
troduced into the schools. This may seem at first sight to be a 
bold step to propose, but I think that a little consideration will 
serve to convince my fellow members of its feasibility. I shall 
now offer a few remarks upon what I think should be our object, 
and then upon what I consider to be the means in our power to 
secure this object. 

First, I think our object should be to obtain from Govemment 
permission to introduce the phonetic system of reading and spel- 
ling into all schools where die managers shall apply for such per- 
mission, and — not to ask for too much at once — that it should be 
optional to use the phonetic instead of the present system, only in 
the infants' and in the two lowest standards (1. and II.) Could 
we obtain this concession, as I am pretty confident we could, we 
should then have an excellent way of proving, beyond dispute, 
and in a manner sufficiently public, that even die present system 
can be more quickly and surely taught by the aid of the phonetic 
system, and that if the phonetic system could be universally adop- 
ted instead of the present one, the saving would be immense. 

The next thing to be considered wiu be the means by which 
to obtain this concession. I submit that we have at our command 
the best means possible to attain this end in the Phonetic Society 
itself. Here we have a Society whose members are to be found 
in every part of the United Eongdom, and who belong to almost 
every grade of society. We have in the large towns Shorthand 
Writers* Associations, and nearly all linked together in the com- 
mon bond of the Phonetic Society. I propose then that we should 
make use of this widely-extended organisation in the following 
manner to secure the object in view : — 

1. That a petition be addressed to Parliament by the Phonetic 
Society ; such petition to be signed, say, by the Secretary and 
Chairman on behalf of the Society, asking for the concession men- 
tioned above. 

2. That a circular be sent from the Phonetic Institute to all 
the School Boards of England and Wales, showing the advantages 
of the phonetic method as a means of teaching children to read ; 
and requesting the co-oi>eration of the Boards in the movement 
for obtaining Uiis concession from Government 

3. That where possible a deputation of phonographers in the 
yarions towns or districts should wait on the locfd School Board 
for liie purpose of explaining more fully the principles and advan- 
tages of the phonetic system. 

4. In certain cases it would perhaps be advisable to hold public 
meetings in towns in which petitions should be drawn up and 
signed by the chairman. 

I have in the above remarks only made a few suggestions whicli 
may serve as the basis of a discussion, and be modified and ex- 
tended as may be seen fit ; the principle involved being that every 
available means be adopted to press tJie matter on the attention of 
Parliament by as many petitions or memorials from public and 
infiuential bodies as possible, and to try by every possible means 
to make the matter a public one, and if possible obtain a national 
movement in its favor. 

I firmly believe that with a united and systematic effort this 
important concession can be obtained. We nave more than one 
precedent in our favor, among which I may mention the intro- 
duction of the ** metric system " into the arithmetical work of the 
higher standards, and the concession made by the Education De- 
partment in the cause of the tonic sol-fa method of teaching sing- 
ing, the latter of which, thanks to the untiring efforts of the 
promoters of the system, has now for some time been allowed 
exactly similar privileges in our schools as the " old notation," 
and has, notwithstanding great opposition, attained such popu* 
larity that it may with propriety be called emphatically the 
popular notation, and as such has been adopted as the only method 
of teaching singing in the great majority of elementary schools 
throughout the country. As I have before stated, I have only 
given a rough sketch, a bare outline of the means to be used in 
gaining similar concessions for the phonetic system, and hope that 
the matter will be fully discussed by leading phonographers in the 
Fhonetie Journal. " Bbei." 

[When this subject was mentioned on a previous occasion in 
this Journal, we think it was said that it is unnecessary to petition 
Parliament in the matter, because the Committee of Council oo 
Education can give the required permission. — Ed,'] 



1 Atberton Mosee, Wigan Coal and Iron Co., Wigan 

2 Banks D., Post Office, Thornton, Poolton-le-fylde, Laoc. : railway eledc 

3 Benson R. 8., care of I. M. Wilson, esq., Rugby 

3 Bowie James, 14 Avenue street, Stewarton, Avrshire 

2 Bradley T. A., Bottoms house, Savile Town, Dewsbury : aooomitant 

1 Brown W. C, 23 Delamere street, Ashton-ttnder>Lyne 

2 Carter A. A., Ballater, Aberdeenshire : at school 
1 Childerstone F^ 46 Stookwell Park road, London 

3 Christian Miss Emily A., 9 Bedford terrace, Kensington, London, W. 
1 Cooper Thomas, High street, Cheadle, Staffs. : clerk 

1 Crookes W., 26 Stamford street, Hulme, Manchester : warehonseman 
3 Daly O., Burtonstone Inn, Clifton, Yorkshire 
3 Davidson W. E., Stoke road, Gosport 
1 Dowding A. J., 86 Douglas street, Deptford, Kent 
3 Ekina W. H., care of Messrs Wilkinson and Butler, St Neof 8, Hunts. 
3 Ellis G. H., 3 Erleigh place, Cumberland road. Beading 
3 Everett H., 680 Commercial road, London, E. 
1 Pass F., 2 Rumford place, Liverpool : foreign correspondent 
1 Goodman J. N., 16 Lucretia road, Lower Kennington lane, London, S JC : 
solicitor's clerk 

1 Gough Charles, 12 Speedwell street, Oxford : accountant's deric 

2 HadHeld J., Church street, Hayfleld, via Stockport, Derbyshire 
1 Hamlyn J. A. W., 1 Welfleld place, Prince's park, Liverpool 

1 Henderson J., 19 West Nile street, Glasgow 

3 Henry William, Cordufflis, Rockoorry, oo. Monaghan, Ireland 
3 Heron William, 36 Weymouth street, New Kent road, London 

2 Hill Samuel, Journal office, Tyldesley, Manchester 
2 ^glesden F. P., Hythe, Kent 

1 Ker D., jnn., 9 Millar's terrace, Rutherglen, by Glasgow 

2 Laidler J. W., 19 Hamilton street, Newcastle-on-Trne : clerk 

3 Langl(*y Thomas, Roe Green, Worsley, near Mancnester 
3 Lawrence E., Gas Works, Hertford 

1 Lee John, 3 Grove terrace. Spring road, Ipswich 

2 Leith G., Postal Telegraph office, Wick, Scotland: telegraph olerk 

3 MacDonald A., 9 Garden street, Darlington 

1 Mackay A., Rhelonie, Cnlrain, Ardgay, Ross-shire 

1 McAnslan D., Post Qflioe, Rothesay, Scotland 

2 McKenzie D. G., Latheron wheel, Latheron, Scotland 
1 Newman J., Hutton, near Brentwood, Essex 

1 Nixon T., 44 High street, Sheemess, Kent 

3 Norton B. H., Bratton-St-Maur, Wincanton, Somerset 

3 O'Rorke T., Vioarstown, Stradbally, Queen's oo.,IreIand : R.I. constabmtfT 

3 Partington R., 33 Blandford street eaat, Ashton-onder-Lrne 

1 Poison W. N., care of Mrs McLay, 63 Lothian road, Edinbnxf h : tfw 

1 Poole W. H., Bailey stpsetjOswestry : clerk 
1 Priestley E., High street, Wibsey, near Bradford, Yorki. 
1 Benshaw R. F., 86 Denison place, Rusholme, near Manoheater 
3 Ritchie William, Gurnard, near Cowes, I. of Wight 
8 Scrimgeonr 0. M., 2 WiUde's lane, HawkhiU, Dundee : student 

Digitized by V^UU^ l^ 

23 Jan., 1875. 



8 Sima F., 17 Charlotte street, FolkestoDe 

3 Sims F. A., Fountain street, Kailsworth, Olooceater: printer 

1 Smith Samuel, 12 Cattell road, Birmingham 

1 Sammera 0., Pembroke house, Oxford 

1 Sunderland J. J., The Bank of Leeds (Ld.), Albion street, Leeds 

3 Tajlor John, 6 Sansome street, Worcester : clerk 

3 Tngg A. E., Roe Oreen, Worsley, near Manchester 

3 Watson G. L., 17 Trafalgar street west, Scarbro' 

1 Westlake E. G., 14 Esplanade, Guemsej 

1 Young J., 131 Higher Bridge street, Bolton, Lanoaahire 

AUtrtUiom qf Addreu. 
Oariiog A. W., fiwH London to Bancroft street, Httchin, Herts. 
Pryce W., from 16 Duke street to 3 Telford street, Barrow-in-Furness 


Xt0U€n <^ inquiry to ik§ Editor of this Journal^ mutt contain a pottage $tamp 
or an addre999d potteard. Every eommunieaiion must be authenticated by 
the MOMtf and addreee qf the writer , not neeeuariiy for publication, butaea 
guarantee tfgoodfaitk. 

Wanted, a few phonographers to join the adrertiser in establishing an 
eTercirculator to be caUwl the " Phonographic Spiritualist," the contents of 
wliich will be devoted to the experiences of its members in iuTestigating the 
Phenomena of Spiritualism. For further particulars apply to Mr Frederic 
'ond, Myford cottage, 287 Old Chester road, Book ferry, Birkenhead. 

Wanted, eiffht good writers of Phonograi>h7 to start an erercirculator, to 
be written in the Corresponding Style ; articles briginal or selected, on any 
subject ; sheets for outlines, correspondence, adrertisements, etc. No en- 
trance fee ; annual subscription, 1/, payable in adrance. For farther particu- 
lara apply, enclosing stamped euTelope, to Mr W. W. Ayhrard, 7 The Orove, 

Wanted, eight young phonographers to start an CTerciroulator, to be writ- 
ten in the easy Corresponding Style ; articles original or selected ; sheets 
fcr OQtlines, correspondence, riddles, etc. No entrance fee ; annual sub- 
seription, 6<^., payable in advance. Apply, enclosing stamp, to Mr W. 
Crookes, 25 Stamford street, Hulme, Manchester. 

Wanted, a few more members to complete the postal list of the " Dawn 
of Day," an evercirculator conducted by a Certificated Teacher, and written 
in the Learners' Style of Phonography. This is an excellent opportunity 
for learners of the art, as the magazine is intended to supply as Tar as pos- 
sible the place of a teacher. Entrance fee, 6<<. ; annual subscription, 1/; 
ladies firee, and specially invited. Apply at once for f^irther particulars to 
the conductor, Mr Major Oliver, 17 Pearson street, Brierley hill, Staffs. 

Six more members wanted on the postal list of the " Phonetic Mail ;" will 
appear on its first round at the beginning of February. Annual subscrip- 
tion, 1/6. For rules, etc., apply to Mr D. W. Borr, Wittou road, Aston, 

There is a vaoancy for a good phonographer on the }K>stal list of the " Bee." 
A flrst-claas member of tee Phonetic Society preferred. Apply to Mr W. 
Newman, Axbridge, Weston-super-Mare. 

There are still two or three vacancies on the postal list of " Pen and Pen- 
cil," an evercirculator devoted solely to shorthand and kindred subjects. 
The magasine is written in the briefest Beporting Style, and is conducted 
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Whot de traveler wil si, az hi emerjez from de Vali 07 
BvFZy and kagez hiz ferst iger glimps ov Gznesare^, wil 

bi a smol inland si, l^k a harp in Jep, dertin m^lz log and 
siks brod. On de farder or istem s^d rirnz a grin strip 
about a kworter ov a mil in bred^, beyond whi^ rjzez, tu 
de hjt OV 8"5m 900 fit abuv de level ov de lek, an eskarp- 
ment ov desolet hilz, skerrd wid gre ravinz, widout tri, or 
vilej, or vestij ov k^ltivejon — de frikwent sin ov our Lord'z 
ret^rment when, after Hiz wiri hborz, Hi sot de dip re- 
frejment ov solitiid wid God. aie lek — wid its gliterig 
kristal, and frinj ov flouerig alianderz, ^rui hmz grin livz 
J^n de br^t blni wigz ov de r^ler.berd, and de kigfijerz me 
bi sin in m^ltitiidz dajig doun de at d^ fij dat glans benid 
dem — l^z at de botom ov a gret dent or basin in de erf's 
fl^rfes, mer dan 500 fit beler de level ov de Meditersnian. 
Hens de b^rnig and enertretig hit ov de vali ; bvt hens, 
tm, de var^eti ov its feliej, de fertiliti ov its soil, de Ivk- 
zi^rians ov its flera, de abundant harvests dat r^pen am^ml 
erlier dan de dm elswher, and de number ov riviilets dat 
t^mbel doun de hil-s^dz intu de lek. cle Jerrz ar nou de- 
zerted. Wid de eksepjon ov de smol and deksig toun ov 
Tibirias — kr^mblig intu de last stej ov dekrepitiid — and 
de "fretful vilej " ov Medjel (de enjent Magdala), wherde 
degrade/on ov de inhabitants iz best Jem bi de fakt dat de 
gildren pie stark neked in de strit— der iz not a siggel in- 
habited spot on its wirns krouded Jerrz. Wtju mizerabel, 
krczi bat — and dat not olwez pr&kiirabel — haz replest its 
ge and mimer^s flit. Az de fij ar stil abundant, nor fakt 
kud Jer mar klirli de dejekted inaniti and apa^etik ener« 
v&Jon ov de prezent dwelerz ispon its Jerrz. Bvt de najonal 
fitiirz stil remen. 8!e lek stil l^z ^n^enjd in de bmzom ov 
de hilz, reflektig everi veriig glim ov de atmosfir Ijk an 
epal set in emeraldz ; de woterz ar stil az bittifal in der 
klimes az when de bert ov Piter le rokig on der ripelz, and 
Jiz^s gezd intu der kristal depds ; de k^p-l^k besin stil 
simz tu erverfler wid its flsd ov ST^nl^t ; de er iz stil bsmi 
wid natural perfi^mz ; de tsrtel-dvv stil m^^rm^rz in de 
valiz, and de pelikau fijez in de wevz ; and der ar psmz, 
and grin fildz, and strimz, and gre hips ov rmin. And 
whot it haz lost in popi^lejon and aktiviti, it haz gend in 
solemniti and interest. If everi vestij ov hitman habitejon 
Jud disapir from besid it, and de jakol and de h^ina Jud 
houl about de Jaterd fragments ov de sinagogz wher wsns 
Kr^st tot, yet de fakt dat Hi (^fsz it az de sin ov Hiz 
epenig ministri wil giv a sens ov sekrednes and pa^os tu 
its lonli woterz til t^m Jal bi ner mer. * 

Yet widli diferent m^st hav bin its jeneral aspekt in de 
tjm ov Kr^st, and far merr str;kigli bi^tiful, bekoz far mar 
riqli k^ltiveted. Josifys, in a pasej ov glaig admire Jon, 
after deskr^big de switnes ov its woterz, and de deliket 
temperatq^r ov its er, its psmz, and v^nz, and orenjez, and 
figz, and fimondz, and p^mgranets, and worm sprigz, sez 
dat de sizonz simd tu kompit for de onor ov its pozejon, 
and Netqr tu hav krieted it az a k^nd ov emi^letiv Qalenj, 
wherin Ji had gaderd ol de elements ov her stregf . cle 
Talmsdists si in de fakt dat dis plen — " de ambijon ov 
Netur " — belogd tu de trjb ov Naftalj, a fulGlment ov do 
Mazeik blesig, dat dat trjb Jud bi " satisfid wid fevor^ 
and ful wid de blesig ov de Lord ;" and de had de proverb, 
troi In a diper sens dan de s^pez, dat *' God had krieted 

Digitized by V^OO^lC 



23 Jan., 1875. 

Beven siz ia de land ov Kenan, b^t wisn emli— de Si ov 
Galili — had Hi q&zen for Himself." 

Not, Louever, for its bi^ti enli, but bekoz ov its sentral- 
iti, and its populus aktiviti, it woz admirabli adapted for 
dkt ministri whic; fulfild de eld profesi ov Jizaia, dat " de 
land ov Zebqlsn and de land ov Naftal^, beyond Jordan, 
Galili ov de Jentjlz," Jud " si a grct Ij^t ;" and dat tu dem 
" hui sat in de r.ijon and Jado* ov del " Jad *' l^t sprii) 3p.'' 
For Krjst woz tu bi, iven in Hiz en liftjm, " aljt tu Ijten 
de Jentilz," az wcl az " de gleri ov Hiz pipel Izrael." And 
pipel ov meni najonalitiz dwelt in and enkumpast dis ne- 
burhud, bekoz it woz " de we ov de si." " 3!e sitiz," sez 
Jesifys, " Ij hir veri lik ; and de veri niimerss vilcjez ar 
se ful ov pipel, bekoz ov de fertiliti ov de land. . . dat 
de veri smolest pv dem konten absv 15,000 inhabitants." 
Hi adz dat de pipel wer aktiv, indi^striss, and ini^rd tu 
wor from infansi, kultivetig even eker ov der riq and bij,- 
tiful soil. Ne les dan fer redz komiiniketed wid de Jerz 
ov^de Ick. WisTi led doun de Jordan vali on de western 
sid ; ansder, krosig a brij at de soul ov de Ick, past Irui 
Peria tu de ferdz ov Jordan nir Jerike ; a lerd led, Irui 
Seforis, de ge and r^zii) kapital ov Galili, tu de femus 
pert ov Ake on de Mediterenian Si ; a ferl ran ever de 
mountenz ov Zebi|,lsn tu Nazarel, and se drui de plcn ov 
Esdrelon tu Samaria and Jeroisalcm. Hrcu dis distrikt 
past de gret karavanz on der we from Ljipt tu Damaski^s ; 
and de hidenz hui koggregeted at Belseda, Jiili3S, and Si- 
zaria Filipi, must bav bin konstantli sin in de strits ov 
!Kaperna3m. In de tjm ov Kr^st it w:oz for popi^lcjon and 
aktiviti *• de manHfaktqrig distrikt " ov Palestio, and de 
woterz ov its lek wer ploud bj 4,000 veselz ov everi de- 
skripjon, from de wor-vesel ov de Eemanz tu de rsf fijer- 
-bets ov Belseda, and de gilded pinesez from Herod'z pales. 
Iti^ria, Samaria, Siria, and Fenijia wer immidietli aksesi- 
bel bi krosiif de lek, de river, or de bilz. Q.e toun ov Tj- 
birias, whig Herod Antipas had bilt tu bi de kapital ov 
Galili, and nemd in onor ov de renig emperor, had rizen 
' wid marvelus rapiditi ; b^ de t^m dat St Jon ret hiz Gos- 
pel it had olredi given its nem tu de Si ov Galili ; and iven 
if Kr^st never enterd its hidenij amfiliater or grev-polmted 
strits, Hi must hav ofen sin in de distans its turetedwolz, 
its stroi) kfisel, and de Gelden Hous ov Antipas, fliijii) far 
intu de lek de reflekjon ov its marbel Ijonz and skulptqrd 
arkitrevz. Hrep, SJia, and Afrika had kontribi^ted tu 
its popq,leJon, and men ov ol nejonz met in its market-pies. 
Ql alog de western Jerz ov Genesarel, Juiz and Jent[lz 
wer strenjli miggeld, and de w;ld Arabz ov de dezert mjt 
der bi sin sjd bj sjd wid enterprjzig Fenijianz, efeminet 

Sirianz, kontemptnus Eemanz, and supel, w;ri, korupted 
GrJks.— " Fara/rz Lifov Kristr :pMift bi KaseU Peter, 
and Galpin, 

ae remarkabel prezervejon ov de erli Kwcker kolonists 
ov Pensilvenia from de Indian ferositiz, whig involvd 
surouudig bst ^non-pasifik setlerz in perpetual teror, haz 
ofen bi deskr^bd. Est de modern ekspiriens ov de 
Haw^ian i^landz— wun ov de larjest grmps in de Pasifik 
— aferdz a paralel. cle foleig stctment iz a perjou ov a 

leter riten from Hile, Haw^i, a i\\, munis age, bj de Eev. 
Titus Ken, a mest eminent and suksesful Amerikan 
mijonari in diz rijonz. Hi sez — " Se histori ov Eristianiti 
in de Hawiian tlandz haz bin a pisful wun, not houever 
widout mer or les * strif ov tugz,* and muq biter opozijon 
on de part ov loles forenerz, rezidents and viziterz. Ser 
hav bjn timz when sum ov de elder mijonariz hav * en- 
diird de kontradikjon ov sinerz," and when de hav bin in 
peril bi IgglfJ, Freng, and Amerikan viziterz. But der 
filig haz bin jforberans, and der kounselz, tu de qifs and 
pipel, ^w. Our Qurqez wi regard az Pis sesictiz, Temper- 
anssesietiz, Mijonari sesietiz, B^bel sesiotiz, ets. Widin 
diz organizejonz wi endevor tu tren de konverts tu everi 
gud wurk. When de Freng, at Iri several timz, Iretend 
de independens ov de nejon, sum raj kounsilorz advizd 
f^tig. B3t de kig and kounsil sent proklamefonz ever 
de grrap, kolig on gurqez and mijonariz tu pre for deliver- 
ans, and help k em from God alen. Se when de IggliJ 
Lord Jorj Polet tuk de ^landz wid a smol friget, der woz 
ne smel ov pouder, not a serd dron, not a g3n ^rd. So 
inveder woz sel monark ov de relm, duiig hiz hel plegur 
for flv munis. Se BritiJ flag fleted triumfdntli ever our 
k3stom-houzez, our ferts, and our perts ov entri. Se kig 
and ol de ruilerz ov de land sat az it wer in sakklol and 
ajez ; minwh^l de mijonariz and ol de pius Iruiout de land, 
wer preig, njt and de, tu God for help. And help kern 
from Him hoi med heven afid erl. ae BritiJ flag kern 
doun, de roial Hawiian signal went up. Our neJon Jouted 
jmbili, and bridd agen de frej er ov liberti, whil de IggliJ 
lord retird wid hiz stifeld lunderz, and hi haz never agen 
b n sin on our kest. God haz bin round about us az a 

* wol ov Qr.* Our ferts hav ol bin demolijt, der matirialz 
Utilizd, and our wor veselz hav bin konverted tu komerjal 
i^sez. H!e neJon haz nou enli wun smol bateri, for salmtig, 
on de top ov an eld kreter behind Heneloilm. Suq ar s^ra 
ov de fakts ov our pis rekord. Wi trust dat our pipel 

* toil lern wor wo wor,* Mer dan siksti qurgez, inklmdig 
a fq, IggliJ-spikig koggregejonz, hav bin organizd in dis 
gruip : about 70,000 komiinikants hav bin gaderd ; ol de 
Qildreu, from fyr tu sikstin yirz eld, ar in skoilz ; and wi 
hav hi skmlz, seminariz, berdig and selekt skmlz, ets. 
Wi hav Qv iland evanjelikal asejiejonz, wun jeneral ase- 
Jicjon, and a Hawiian mijonari herd. Wa hav olser 
mij'onz in de Markesas, de Gilbert, and de Marjal Argi- 
pelagez, wid mer dan a louzand konverts." 

{Key to Corresponding StyUf page 37.) 
Not that Neptune always understood him. Edward had a little 
boat, anticipating the time, as delicate children are fond to do, 
when he would be a hero. He took delight in cannons, and tales 
of war, and adventure ; and above all, in stories about ships, and 
in ships themselves. But Neptune could not comprehend why 
he should not bring the ship out of the water as well as a stick ! 
Whenever, therefore, Edward wished to get his craft afloat and 
enjoy its sailing, there was a succession of manoDuvres to keep 
Neptune at home. One fine sunny morning, having, as we thought 
completely baffled Neptune, and escaped without his knowledge 
to the lake, Edward trimmed his boat, put it on the water, and 
then sat down to watch the filling of the sail, and the floating of 
the pennon. Young as I was, I could not help thinking that my 
Uttle playmate gre^w weaker every day. It was sad to note the 
transparency of his complexion, Ae pale rose-tint on his cheek, 
the wax -like moulding of his limbs, the glistening blue of his 
large, wide-seeing eyes. He was a lovely picture in his Hi|fhknd 
dress, his large hat thrown off", and his glossy hair curhng in 
abundant riclmess round his finely-formed head. ^ A basket of 
wild flowers that he had gathered were forgotten in his dehgnt 
at the steady sailing of his ship. He wished Neptune was there 
to see it, and yet he was glad he was not. He lamented that so 
{S^ntinuei on page 39J 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 

23 Jan., 1875. 




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{OonHruied/rom page 86.) 
clever a dog could not understand the difference between boats 
made of wood and wood that was not made into boats. He told 
me how he longed to be a man, and sail in a real ship ; it was 
such a grand thing to be a king on the sea ! He shouted, in his 
plaintive musical voice, to his brave little boat, that went rocking 
over the sunny ripples, in fairy-like mimicry of those giants of 
the ocean that carry the power of England to far-off countries : 
he sung bits of songs ending with "yoh, heave, ho!" pulling 
heartily at imaginary ropes, and springing forward to heave im- 
aginary leads : tiien, exhausted as a young bird that has flapped 
away from its nest, he fell back upon the bank, waiting gently 
and patiently for a renewal of his strength. Suddenly the object 
of his admiration was upset by a passing zephyr : one moment it 
was stately as a queen — the next, it was on its side, its sail dab- 
bling in the water, its pennon a thread of crimson beneath its 
surface ! '* That's the way the sunbeams go when they are bright- 
est," sobbed Edward ; — " that was the way manmia died when 
I loved her most !" 

He had hardly spoken, when a plunge in* the water announced 
the presence of Nejptune, and in less time than I have taken to 
tell it our noble fnend had brought the boat to land. He^ had 
lain watching our movements, and at last puzzled out the differ- 
ence between ** a boat made of wood and wood that was not made 
into a boat." Edward was too excited for a little while to express 
bis gratitude, but sat looking at Neptune with his eyes full of 
tears. Ever after Neptune was considered as necessary to the 
sailing matches as the boat itself. Throw twenty logs into the 
water when the boat was sailing, Neptune would bring them all 
ont ; unless, indeed, as before, the boat upset — then he knew his 
duty, and practised it. I only wish that everyone who boasts 
the possession of reason did as much. 

{K^ to B&porUng S^U, pag» 38.) 
Mr Osborne Morgan, Q.C., M.P., delivered his annual address 
to his constituents at Wrexham, on the evening of Wednesday, 
6th January. Referring to the recent discomfiture of the Liberals, 
he said, much as he regretted the expulsion of many of his 
friends from Parliament, he could not regret the expulsion of his 
party from office. In the course of five vears' hard wear and tear, 
the materials out of which that party had been formed had got 
so broken and twisted, so battered and shattered, that the only 
chance of aRain fusing them into a solid whole was to treat them 
as they did their old iron, and put them back into the fhmace, in the 
hoi)e that, by dint of that process, they might come out again " best 
Bessemer." Under such circumstances the policy of the Liberal 
paity for some time to come must be a policy of observation rather 
than a policy of action. At present they held what was called in 
his profession a •* watching brief." (Hear, hear.) He protested 
against the fallacy that in office all parties were alike — a fallacy 
the more dangerous because it had a touch of truth in it. No 
doubt as regarded purely administrative questions, questions of 
foreign and fiscal policy, the Conservatives had shown that they 
could faithfully follow in office the policy they had decried in 
opposition. But when once they came to actual legislation the 
likeness disappeared. After referring to the Endowed Schools 
Bill and other measures of last Session as instances of retrograde 
legislation, Mr Morgan reviewed at lengtii the present position of 
the Disestablishment question. He had been taken to task for 
saying that the Church of England could not be at once compre- 
hensive and orthodox, national and dogmatic. Indeed the Arch- 
bishop of Canterburv had taken them back to the days of 
ChiUingworth and Tillotson to prove that such a combination of 
attributes was not an impossibility. For any practical purpose 
he might have taken them back to the days of Thomas & Becket 
or the venerable Bede himself. There were forces now at work, 
both within and without the Church, of the existence of which 
no one dreamt a generation ago. 

$ enklcre kopi ov a later adrest bi mi meni jirs a^e ta 
a frend hai, l^k meni vderzi fansid dat hi had diakvrerd 

de kwodratiir or de eerkel, and dat de rejicr ov de diamete'^ 
ta de serkvmferens, or, az it iz kold, ^, woz az 1 iz tn 3 
125ekzaktli. . 

Az in dis later da rial melod ov §ndir| «Eq rcjicr iz veri 
simpli stcted, it ok^rd tu mi dat it mit bi interestiij tu 
dcrz ov Hf riderz, hra Lav ner privies nolej ov de STjbjekt 
eksept dat de janerali aksapted rcjier iz betwin 31415 and 

He later whiQ foloz iz sent 7Qolterd, emitii) emVi nemz 
and dsts. J. H. Y. 

Mi dir Ser,— Havig bin frikiirentli fevord wid tyr vqz 
az tu de rejicr betwin da diameter >nd 8erk3mfepeii8*ov a 
serkel, wil i^ permit mi ta le befvr ii whot apirz ta mi tu 
bi a satisfaktori demonstrejon ov dat jenerali resivd, namli, 
az 1 ta 31416 nirli. 

Let de akvmpaniig diagram reprezent a 
serkel wid a skwer inskribd in it, and an- 
7dar sark^fmskribd about it. Let de re- 
diys ov de serkel bi 1, den de aria ov de 
inskr^bd skwer wil bi 2, and dfit ov de 
serkvmskiibd skwer 4. 

B3t it kan bi Jern dat if JT and Z reprezent USx regular 
poligonz ov de sem number ov s^dz, de wvn inskr^bd in, 
and de vder serkvmskribd about, de serkel, and if j9f and 
iV reprezent de inskribd and serkvmskribd poligonz ov 
tw^s de nvmber ov s^dz, Jf wil bjt a jiometrikal min betwin 
iTand X, and iVwil bi a harmonikal min betwin Z and M. 

As^pnlQ K and Z tu reprezent de eria ov de inski^bd 

and serlnrmskribd skwerz in de ab5v diagram ; den, NKZ 
wil bi de eria ov an inskribd poligon ov 8 s^dz fMJ and 
gi'M wil bi de eria ov a serksmskribd poligon ov, 8 sidz. 

L X M 

His prerses me bi kontini^d 5ntil de eriaz ov de inskribd 
and serkvmskribd poligonz ov eni number ov s^dz ar ob- 
tend az folerz :— 

JV 2 X 4=2*8284=8ria ov inshrihd poligon ov 8 sidz. 
And 2 X 4 X 2-8284 =:33137==eria ov serhtmskribd poUgon 

ov 8 sidz. 

Bi prwidig az abyv it wil bi found dat de eriaz ov 
poligonz inskribd in and serkvmskribd about a serkel huus 
redivs iz 1 wil bi az Tnder. 








81214 ... 















Az in even serkel huiz redivs iz 1, de eria, and olser de 
rejier ov de diameter tu de serlnrmferens wil bi eksprest 
bi de sem figi^rz, derferr on ijr diori, de eria ov S3C a serkel 
iz 3.125. 

B3t it baz bin Jmi dat de eria or a poligon ov 64 sidz, 
inskribd in a serkel hraz r6di3s iz 1, iz 3*1365. Nou az 
it iz imposibel dat de eria ov a poligon inskribd in a serkel 
Jud bi greter dan dat ov de serkel whig kontenz it, it wil bi 
rebwizit for n ider tu Jor dat de eria ov a poligon ov 64 
sidz inskribd in a terkel^hoiz redivs iz 1, iz les dan 3*1365, 
Digitized by VnOO^ IV:: 



23 Jan., 1875. 

or tu admit dat de eria oy de selrlnniiskribir) serkel mvst 
bi greter dan, (az on i^r diori it Bpirz tu bi) 3-125. 

Finali, az de eria 07 a serkel mvst bi intermidiet tn dat 
ov its intfkr^bd and serk^mskribd poligonz, and az de in- 
skr^bd and serk^mskribd poligonz 07 512 sjdz ar respektivli 
3*1415 and 3*1416 it folerz dat de eria ov de serkel olredi 
steted, de rejior ov de diameter tu de serk^mferens m^st 
bi greter dan 31415 and les dan 3*1416 az malematijanz 
hay ever konsiderd it tu bi. J. H. Y. 


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1/8 ; Six for 2,'6 ; Twelve for 4fl0 ; _po8t paid. 

The PHONOG RAPHIC READER A course of Shorthand Lessons with 
a Eej facing each page. Price ed. Four for 1/8 ; Six for 2/6 ; Twelve for 
4/10; postpaid. 

A MANUAL OF PHONOGRAPHY, being a complete exposition of 
the System. Price 1/6. Foar for 4J9 ; Six for 7«. ; Twelve for 14«. ; cloth, 2/ ; 
roan, 2/6 : post paid. 

This work is recommended to yonng persons who are l^^ning to express their 
thoughts in writinjr. 

A COMPEND OF PHONOGRAPHY, containing the Alphabet, Gramma, 
lognes, and principal Rules for Writing. Price Id. ; lOd. per dozen, post paid. 

EXERCISES m PHONOGRAPHY : a series of Graduated Exercises to 
be written in Shorthand by the student. Price Id, ; lOd. per dozen, post paid. 

The PHONOGRAPHIC REPORTER, an AdapUtion of Phonography to 
▼erbadm reporting. Price 2/6. Four for 7/10; Six for 11/9; Twelve for 

23/6; doth,8^;jgoet^id. 

he PHONOGRAPHIC PHRASE BOOK, containing nearly 2,000 exam, 
pies of the phrases used in reporting. Price 1/. Four for 3/2 ; Six for i/9 $ 
Twelve for 9/6, nost paid. 

SELECTIONS FROM THE BEST AUTHORS ; a course of reading prac 
tioe in the Reporting Style, with a Key in common print. Price 4d. Four 
for 1/1; SixfL>rl/9; Twelve for 3/4, post paid. 

LIST OF THE PHONETIC SOCIETY for the year 1874. Price %d. 
The first-lass members of this Society correct the lessons of learners through 
the poet, fi-et qf charge. The public are eauiioned agoMut pereone who , ad- 
veriue themeehee <u teaehere of Phonography through th«po$t for poftaent. 

The PHONETIC JOURNAL. The vohune for 1873 contains over 200 
columns of printed Shorthand, with Key in common print, and interesting 
articles in phonetic printing. A valuable work for Shorthand etudente, 
"Biioe 6$,, huf bound, doth iddee, poet paid. 

Bath : Isaac Pitman, Phonetic Institute. 
London : F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row. 



Six Nos. of ** Shorthand Magazine" (last year's), last yea^fs " Phono. 
gn»)hic Standard " bound in cloth, " Heaven," the "Reporter's Assistant," 
and^" Phrase Book." The lot for 8/6. post f^ee. Alfred A. Parsons, 18 
Jamaica street, Commercial road, London, E. 



JJJL disappointment, intending Annual Subscribers are requested to send 
in their Subscriptions at once, Mfore all the January copies are sold. 


Twenty-four pages, still on sale. See.other advertisements. [e] 



f^ EATIS.— Eight pages of Shorthand, now in prepara- 

VIT tion, to every annuii subscriber to the " Midland Phonetic Herald," 
being a condensed account of the first part of '* The Lawyer's Story ;" the 
story being continued this year. Price to others, id. M 



OJJL dearly printed, closely written Shorthand, is now produced with 
great care by a first-class hthographer; great pains being bestowed on 
writing and printing. See other advertisements. [e] 

WO PEIZES OFFEEED. For particulars see the 


both together, or either alone by Mr Chamberlain or Mr Thomas, an ar. 
ramrement having been effected between them, in order to save phonogra- 
phSs double postage. STANDARD or HERALD, single copies of either. 

^^ TpITZGEEALD !" " Yes, Alexander." " Have you 

JJ read that capital GHOST STORY and HOW TO CONFESS, in 
the MIDLAND PHONETIC HERALD for December ?" « No." " Then 
send Mr Thomas, Rose hill, Handsworth, Birmingham, 9\d. at once for its 
enchanting literature. While you are sending you may as well enclose P.0.0. 
for 3/, as your annual subscription for this year. There is a capital story 
commenced, THE WRECK OF THE PIRATE. The writing is in the Cor. 
responding and easy Reporting Styles ; that A 1 LAWYER'S STORY done 
18 worUi the money." [e] 

aM. Po^ frel ; both toosther, 6f«. Pprt firee. N-B.-Tp no one will dfis- 
oount^allowed off HERALDS iuppUed by Mr Ohamberlau nor BTAITD' 

jLRDS rap]^ by Mr ThomM. 

^ - and Reporting Styles ; single copy, 3 Jrf., post free j 'annual subsorip- 
pon, 3/. P.0.0. payable at Barker street, Handsworth* J. Thomas. Bose 

hill R:..«n.;..»k..». ' - ■ - 

hill, Handsworth, Birmingham. 


ybw Heady, 

Copy, d^d. post free ; annual subscription, 3«. Contents : ThriUinc 
Adventure of a Commercial Traveler; The Wreclc of the Pirate: The Law- 
yer's Story ; etc. No. 1 aU sold. Nos. « to 6 forwarded for 1«. OW. in \d. 
s tamps. J . Thomas, Handsworth, Birmingham. [e] 

J THOMAS, Eeporter, Certificated Teacher, Editor 
• and Writer of the ''Midland Phonetic Herald," has vacancies for 
more Pupils. Apply at^ Lansdowne terrace. Rose hill, Handsworth, Bir. 
mingh am. [e] 

THE FOOD QUESTION.— List of the Publications of 
the Yeeetarian Society forwarded to any applicant by post ctfd.— The 
Secretary, The Hurst, Heaton Mersey, Mancheeter. 

is a Shorthand Writer of several years' experience, wishes a situation 
as Corresponding Clerk. The vicinity of Belfast preferred. Excellent re- 
ferences. Please address R. O. D., (256) General Post Office, Belfast. 

SCEAP ALBUMS— Albums for the insertion of Photo- 
graphs, Engravings, Newspaper Cuttings, Scraps, etc. Large sise, 
handsomely Bound in extra Cloth, embossed Gold Cover, price 4/. Smaller 
sizes, 2/3 and 2/6, post free. Boy's own Scrap Book and Girl's own Sctm 
Book, in handsome Covers, 2/ each, post tree. 

SMALL PHOTOGRAPHS (about Hx 4 inches) of well-known Paintings, 
Engravings, etc., for insertion in Scrap Books ; 3/ per dosen, post free. 
London ; F. P itman, 20 Paternoster row. 

MUSICAL SHOETHAND.— The most rapid method 
of writing Music extant. Send stamped envelope for Prospectus to 
Wilbam Roberts, 12 Dickenson road, Rushohne, near Manoheete^ Refer- 
ences to pupils in all parts of the country [r] 

Beady on the I6th of January. 

THE PHONETIC JOUENAL.— Volume for 1874, 
half bound, doth sides, price 6«., post free. 
CoHTBirrs : 200 columns of carefully executed Shorthand, with Key in 
common print ; a comprehensive view of the progress of the Reform daring 
the year throughout the world ; numerous interesting articles in new and 
old spelling; and the names of all the New Members of the Phonetic Soci- 
ety entered during the year. etc. etc. 

A valuable book for the library, or for presentation to persevering phono- 
graphic pupils. Only a limited number has been reserved forbinding; 
orders should therefore be sent at once to the Phonetic Institute, Bath : or 
through a bookseller to the Phonetic Dep6t, 20 Paternoster row, London. 
A few copies of the VOLUME for 1878 are still on sale, prioe 6f ., post free. 
Bath : Isaac Pitman, Phonetic Institute. 
_____ London: F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row. 

Now Heady, crown^Svo., 16 pp., double columns, price Z^d., pott free. 
^^ pHONOGEAPHIC STANDABD " for Jannary. 

X Contains, amongst other interesting matter, Reporting at Home 
and Abroad; A Criticism on the Present Edition of Phonography; Sugges- 
tions relating to the Completion of Phonography, by Mr J W Lore • A 
Eeporter ftom the North ; and F. N. Hanley. ** '' "J" "^ " * ^ ' "»^® ' -* 
Also, a NEW SHORTHAND VOLUME in extra cloth, gilt lettered, post 
free, 2/ i two copies or more, 1/9 each. " A Condensed &port of 14 fea- 
tures on • Mental Culture,' by the Rev. H. W. Holland, (Wedeyan,) written 
m the Corresponding, Ea^ Reporting, and brief Reporting Styles. PuWiahed 
by Edward Chamberlain, "Phonographic Standard" office, Losells road, 
Birmingham. r^^ 

ME J. A. SUTCLIFFE, Teacher of Phonoffraphy, 
phonetic Institute, R MniK^m-ir ■«-».»«♦ n«.i«~ — ^j -n — a«.-_'3 -J^-t. 
To pupils intending U 
unrivalled advanta^. 

., t . ^. ?H^?*'*^!*®^■*~®*»^*l«7ro«»» Bradfoi3,Torks. 
To pupils intending to follow the reporting profresion Mr SutcUflb offers 
unrivalled advantages. Classes conducted for Sodeties. Terms on applica- 
tion, •^'^iioe] 

THE BEAUTIFUL, New, Emblematical, Letter Paper, 
with Engraved heading in Colored Ink, ruled paper, own "^»"a and 
address. l/9p«rl00. Somerville, 18 Princess street, Carlule. [r] 

Printed by Isaac Pitman (Inventor of Phonography) at the Phonstio 
Institute, Kingston Buildings, Bath ; and Published by F. Pitman, at 
the Phonetic Depdt, 20 Paternoster Row, London. All oommonioations 
ibr the Editor to be addiMMd^ Imhm Pitmaa, Bath. 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 

80 Jan., 1875. 





The annasl snbscriptions of members of the Phonetic Society are 
now doe, and the Secretary will feel pleasare in receiving them early 
in the New Year, and not later than Ist February. The List of mem- 
bers for 1875 will then be prepared. Each member is requested to 
state the Class in which he wishes to appear, and to place before his 
name any honorary distinction, (*) showing that he can write 100 
words per minute, (*♦) 150 words per minute, (♦*♦) 200 words per 
minnte, or (f) certificated teacher, to which he is entitled. 

ISAAC PITMAN, Secretary. 


ComrnunioaHontfbr ihit Deparimtni qfthe Journal, NoHeti qfBoereireulaion, 
€te,, ikould 04 written »9paral€ly j^om letter$, and marked '* Journal.'* 
DUBLIN. From Fhtiip Gillard, — Since my last report I have 
removed my shorthand establishment to more convenient premises 
in one of the principal thoroughfares. My new Shorthand Institute 
is at 28 Great Brunswick street. It will afford accommoda- 
tion to upwards of sixty persons at one time. I have formed two 
ordinary classes, which meet on Monday and Thursday evenings, 
and a special cLisa, consisting chieflv of the clerks in the London 
and North Western railway, which commenced lost week, and 
meets everf Friday evening. These classesi including fourteen 
private pupils, amount to forty-six earnest students of Uie art 

JOHNSTONE, Scotland. P&esintation to Mb Jas. Hunter. 
From the Paisley Gazette, — On the evening of 30 December, a 
select company of gentlemen, consisting forUie most part of mem- 
bers of a class for the study of Pitman's phonography, taught 
gratuitously by Mr James Hunter, met to supper in the Black 
Bull Hotel. Mr George Sim, cashier, occupied the chair. 

Mr M'Duff in the course of his address, observed that the 
manner in which Mr Hunter acted from the beginning to the 
end of this class, exhibited an energy and perseverance in his 
character of which few are possessed ; and the fact that he spent 
both time and money in the formation of his class, — from which 
he sought no remuneration whatever,— stamped him at once a 
true philanthropist. The difficulties which present themselves to 
a learner of phonography are numerous, and without some en- 
couragement one may readily get soured at it. Such <^ncourage- 
ment Mr Hunter was ever ready to give ; for by his minute and 
graphic description of the rudiments of Ihe art, and his explicit 
and maaterly system of teaching, even the most dull in perception 
were enabled to lay the foundations of at least a general knowledge 
of the art. Mr Hunter was not only engaged in the c!ass-room, 
but he also devoted a great part of tne week to correct and criti- 
cise the numerous home exercises. Mr Hunter having acquired 
a knowledge of phonography by dint of sheer perseverance, was 
not content to keep to himself what he considered might be in- 
stumental in promoting and advancing others, but came forward 
like a true man and o&red to teach gratuitously all who deeired 
to come thereby showing that he recognised the law of nature as 
expressed by the poet, — 

*< That the deed 
Should dedicate its excellence to Ood : 
And in bo doing find sofficient meed." 

Mr M'Duff then presented Mr Hunter with a writing-desk, ink- 
stand, and pen and pencil case, as a token of the esteem in which he 
was held by the class. The inscription on the desk is as follows : 
— *' Presented to Mr James Hunter, by his pupils, as a token of 
their regard for successfully instituting a shorthand class in John- 
stone. 30th Dec., 1874. 

The Chairman then proposed Mr Hunter's health. He referred 
to the pluck which their guest had shown in taking up the class 
and carrying it to such a successful conclusion. Seme of the 
home exercises, he thought, must have tried the patience of their 
teacher, who, to some extent, was no doubt encouraged by the 
liberality which had been dii^layed by several gentlemen in the 

town. The gifts of these gentiemen placed the class in a position 
almost without a parallel. Some of the members had left in a 
better financial condition than when they had joined it, and it was 
rare that the knowledge of any branch of education should be 
given gratuitously, and, as it were, a reward given for trying to 
acquire it. Such, however, was the case in connection with Mr 
Hunter's class, and his pupils doubtiess derived a stimulus there- 
by, though the art was fascinating enough in itself. 

Mr Hunter acknowledged the toast and receipt of the gift. He 
said, I think you all believe in the truism that man is a social 
being, and something of the feeling that springs therefrom, I be- 
lieve, has actuated you, gentiemen, who have been associated with 
me in this shorthand class, to come forward on this occasion and 
act as you have done. I am exceedingly pleased to receive this 
noble ^ft at your hands — this noble testimony of your appreciation. 
I can assure you I never expected it. For the last twelve years I 
have been acqainted with shorthand, and I have had both much 
delight and pleasure in trying to gain a thorough and accurate 
knowledge of Pitman's Phonography. Becently I was prompted 
to let any in Johnstone who were willing share somewhat of the 
advantages I have derived from it. I am glad to say that when 
I issued my invitation, fiftv-four expressed a desire to join my class. 
You allknow that in an^ branch of education numerous persons at 
the conunencement exhibit an ardour which they lose soon after- 
wards, and my class was no exception. The number who attended 
gradually became less : I think the average attendance would be 
about 25. 1 have had much pleasure in discharging the duties 
of teacher, and I am glad to say that among the memben were 
two first-rate shorthand writers, who, unless I be assiduous, will 
soon surpass me. I am glad that Mr Thomas Small was a mem- 
ber of that class. In looking forward to the association which is 
about to be formed, I hope Uie worth and talents of that gentie- 
man will be recognised. This gift of yours, I believe, comes not 
so much as a mark of what I have done in the past, as a souvenir 
that there is work yet to be performed. In organising this pro- 
posed association, 1 trust I shall be ener^^tic, and spare the little 
time of which I am possessed in helping it forward, The student 
who laboro assiduously and eamestiy to master the principles of 
Phonography, and practise its expansive method, will, through 
course of time, be in possession of a power that will allow him to 
gather treasures innumerable in the field of literature. I again 
tiiank you for the handsome present that has come ftx)m so many 
respectable gentiemen, and so lon^ as I live, I trust it will remain 
in my house, and that thereafter it shall go down as an heirloom 
to my family. 

LIVERPOOL Shorthand "Writebs' Association. — A social 
gathering of the members and friends of this Association was held 
last month in the schoolroom attached to Fabius Baptist Chapel, 
Everton road. Aft«r tea the chair was taken by Mr D. Birrell, 
President, who delivered a short and interesting address on Pho- 
nography as an aid to thought. Several songs and duets were 
then rendered in excellent style by members of the company. 

LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writbrs' Association. — At 
the weekly meeting of this Association, held on the 14th instant, 
after the usual reporting practice, the President took the chair, 
and Mr A. W. Hurry r^ an essay entitled " Cheap Literature ; 
is it beneficial to us P" which was very well received. The es- 
sayist, while condemning a great portion of the cheap literature of 
the present day, thought on the whole that it was beneficial to 
us. An interesting discussion ensued, in which several members 
took part, and votes of thanks to the essayist and the chairman 
brought the meeting to a close. 

LONDON. From W, /. Ingram. — On Tuesday evening, the 
6th January, Mr N. C. Thomson, jun., vice-Presidentof the Pho- 
netic Shorthand Writera' Association, delivered a lecture on 
Phono^phy in the Grammar School, Botherhithe, to a highly 
appreciative audience. He exposed some of the anomalies of En- 
glish spelling, giving examples which were both instructive and 
amusing. At the conclusion of the lecture several gentiemen gave 
in their names for private lessons. There will also, I believe, be 
a verv good class formed. 

SOOTHAMPTON. From E. Olasspool^On Thureday even- 
ing a class for instruction in Phonography was commenced by me 
at the Hartiey Institution. The class at present is small, num- 
bering seyexiy which I think very ficur for the first night We 

Digitized by \^OiJ^ IV:: 



30 Jan., 1875. 

have the advantage of meeting in a room well warmed and lighted 
and with steady perseverance I think we shall get a well-formed 

WALSALL. From Arthur ITarf/^y.— Phonography is making 
rapid progress in this town. Last Thursday, the 14th inst., a 
shorthand class was commenced in connection with the Govern- 
ment Art Classes ; hetween thirty and forty persons presented 
themselves, including four young ladies, all of whom were learners. 



. Prom Charles Brought 36 Chapelfield road, Ardwick, Manches- 
ter. — Having occasion, from time to time, to write at considerahle 
length, I determined some time ago to try if I could devise or 
adopt some plan of abbreviation, whereby to lessen in some de- 
gree the labor necessar^r in unabbreviated lon^chand. For tJiis 
purpose I adopted the initial letters of what I considered to be the 
most frequently occurring long words, and in this way obtained 
some twenty, which I will call grammalogues. But of course as 
there are many ordinary words having the same initial letter, and 
as one letter could only stand as the representative of one particular 
word, it was necessary to take two or more letters to some words, 
as means of distinction. In this manner I raised the number of 
grammalogues to perhaps 100. Besides these, I got together a 
number of simple monosyllabic words, which I represented by 
dots, crosses, strokes, or figures ; but as these were unsystemati- 
cally arranged, giving no clue to the meaning from the shape, they 
seemed likely to prove a sore tax to my memory. 

My system of long-shorthand was now complete. Several hours 
had been spent in building it up, and it only remained to be seen 
whether it would answer the purpose for which it was intended. 
That you may not think me quite Quixotic, I may say that I did 
not expect to be able to apply it to that purpose for which short- 
hand has gained its reputation, and rendered it such an important 
acquisition. I had no ambition to report. The fact is, being in 
connection with a Sunday School class, I was occasionally called 
upon, conjointly with the other members of the class, to deliver 
an essay on some theological subject ; and at this period having 
a goodly number of irons in the fire, and as much writing is la- 
borious, if not obnoxious, to the majority of people, I should have 
accepted as a great boon anything that would have diminished my 
labor, provided it would admit of immediate applicability and set 
me free to attend to other duties. 

But in reducing this shorthand to practice, I found that in 
promiscuous writing my vocabulary was fax too restricted to yield 
the services which I had anticipated, and it soon occurred to me 
that to confer any manifest advantage the list of words would 
have to be considerably augmented. But as I had already begun 
t(> feel sufficiently confused and liable to confound words of totally 
different meaning, (for in my haste I did not allow'myself suffi- 
cient time to learn them thoroughly,) I did not feel much enthu- 
siasm to prosecute my work much further, and shortly afterwards 
I abandoned the scheme. I had heard of your system of Phono- 
graphy, but having been informed that to master its principles so 
Siat it might render appreciable service would, under average cir- 
cumstances, entail a labor of probably more than twelve months, 
I thought I would procrastinate until a more favorable day the 
study of this scientific system. 

After this I did not trouble myself for many months with short- 
hand, when one day. casually looking into a book shop window, 
I saw on the back of a book, " Odell's [Taylor's] System of 
Shorthand, by which the nature of taking down sermons, speeches, 
trials, etc, may be acquired in a few hours, without the aid of a 
master." This was exactly the kind of book I required, and I 
speedily obtained possession of a copy. That night I pored over 
the book, read all the pages carefully, and considered myself ini- 
tiated into the first principles of the system. Another night or 
two, and I should be a shorthand writer. But, alas ! I found that 
understanding '* the nature of taking down sermons, etc.," was 
quite a different thing from transferring words to paper as they 
received utterance. This was not the only damper. A strikingly 
distinctive feature of the system, and one which must have proved 
a serious detriment to its adoption, is the representation, in some 
instances, of two or three words by one character ; and although 

there may be some resemblance between them, stiU there is enough 
dissimilarity in the sense to admit of uncertainty and misconstruc- 

I learned shortly afterwards that a companion of mine had been 
devoting himself to the study of Odell's system, and I was natu- 
rally anxious to know whether he had been more successful than 
myself. He had been learning several months, and was, as far as 
the manipulation of the characters was concerned, far more dex- 
trous than I, but in reading it is doubtful who carried off the palm. 
We both frequently guessed at words which we did not remember. 
After persevering a little longer, but with dim hopes of moderately 
rapid success, I relinquished, at the suggestion of a friend, the 
ccntinuation of the study. He advised me to commence Phono- 
graphy, and at the same time lent me a ** Teacher." I soon saw 
into the nature of the work, but the preceding characters being 
pretty distinctly impressed on my memory, it was first necessary 
to unlearn them in order to receive with greater force the signifi- 
cation of the similar rharacters in Phonography. This was rather 
confusing, but being annoyed at the time I had misspent, I de- 
termined to prosecute the study of the new book imremittingly, 
and within three nights I found myself at the end. I have since 
learned that the customary time occupied with the " Teacher" is, 
in some cases, from two to three months, and therefore the time 
given above appears but sufficient to take the merest cursory 
glance, and may have tended to retard my ultimate progress. Be 
that as it may, having completed the " Teacher," my next duty 
was to procure the " Manual," which being in the first part a re- 
iteration of the ** Teacher," I proceeded with unabated ardor, un- 
til I came to the list of phonetically-arranged grammalogues, which 
arrested my career for the best portion of a week. Proceeding, 
but witii slightly slackened progress, I arrived at last at the end 
of the " Manual," and ouj^ht then to have been capable, I suppose, 
without further abbreviation, of writing sixty words per minute. 
But what one can do, and what one ought to be able to do, are 
things rarely allied, and it is doubtful if I could write more than 
twenty. I was satisfied, however, that I was sufficiently familiar 
with tiie rules, and that practice was the only requisite to ensure 
dexterity in using them. 

I have never asked the assistance of that benevolent organisa- 
tion the Phonetic Society, because after going through the 
" Manual " I began to take in occasionally the Phonetic Journal, 
frx>m which I have derived a tolerably clear idea I think, as to the 
best method of writing words admitting of a variety of outline. 
I am strict in adherence to the rules, and have re&ained from 
giving trouble to anyone. But I must now draw this rather 
lengthy letter to a close. I have of late begun to instruct several 
young men in the alphabet and first rules of Phonography, and 
should like your opinion on my own style, which is my pnncipal 
reason for writing, because the position of pedago^e is rather a 
responsible one, if eveh in a humble way ; and it will prove of the 
greatest importance to know my own defects, in order to guard 
against them in those whom I may instruct. 

[The writing of our correspondent is a model of neatness and it 
is almost perfectly accurate. — Ed,"] 


The above announcement lately appearod in the advertising 
columns of the daily papers, but the last few days it has been 
changed to " Ritchie s Abbreviated Longhand ; a complete system 
of stenography without signs, by which anyone can report speeches 
in a fortnight. Post free, 13 stamps, of W, Russell, 6 SdJsbury 
street, Regent's park, London, N.W. ' Bids fair to supersede 
shorthand, —i^iyaro." 

Having a desire to see this wonderful system oftcritinff ** with" 
out signs,** concerning which I was frequently asked an opinion, 
I sent stamps as directed, and received a book of twelve pages, 
12mo., with colored wrapper. Page 1 contains the title ; page 2 
a short advertisement of ** Extract from the * Pilgrim's Progress,' 
translated into Ritchie's abbreviated longhand ;" pages 3, 4, 5 and 
part of 6 are introductory. Then comes the development of the 
system, which occupies three and a half pages ! This brings to 
my romembrance the very significant annoimcement on the utle- 
-page that the system is " notable for the very smaU amount of 
study and practice necessary for its thorough mastery." Then 

Digitized by V^OO^ IV:: 

30 Jan., 1875. 



follow two pages of illustrations, and the last contains ** general 
adyice." We have thus three and a half pages of instruction in 
the system for a shilling ! In the introduction the author observes, 
in a complaining tone, that while others dwell to no mean extent 
upon the particular advantages of their own productions, he shall 
confine himself to a few remarks. These few remarks, however, 
occupy as much space as the explanation of the system. He then 
complaint of the great difficulty of mastering shorthand, and tells 
his readers that '* one ^reat, good feature of what might be almost 
called the secret of this system is, that the ordinary manuscript 
letters of the alphabet are employed." The advertisement says 
that it is a " system without signs." ** No perplexing lines and 
heart-rending curves ; no dots that dazzle the eye with their un- 
fathomable brilliancy, nor demi-semi-circular monstrosities which 
generally mean nothing more nor less than bosh, simply A. B. C." 
Another *' leading particular of this systen^is that words are spelt 
according to their sounds •" but further on the student is told to 
** spell as near [to] the pronunciation as possible." This is the 
old ci^ of " Make the bncks, but you must find the straw." Mr 
mtchie appears in blissful ignorance of the fact that the English 
language contains thirty-four elementary sounds, and that the 
Itoman alphabet contains only twenty-six letters. 

Each letter of the common alphabet is made the representation 
of some word or words. It is also used as a prefix and termina- 
tion ; for instance, n represents nothing and enelosBy the prefixes 
tdtuler, inter^ intro, and the terminations tion and sion. Termina- 
tions are to be written above the line. Special terminations are 
to be written by capital letters on the line, as T for ingly, TjN 
for U-niaht, S/StoT half 'an- hour ^ BjS for / beg to sag, are some 
other abbreviations. Ofia written by \ and the by /, and when 
these words occur together, thus "^^ The following is a specimen • 

A gallant captain seeing that his men were likely to be outnum- 
a glut kptn se' t i» mn wr Ikli t b otnm- 


I am sure the readers of the Journal will appreciate at its proper 
value this attempt to ** simplify shorthand." 



Before showing (as promised in my last letter) what has been 
done in the way of helping the learner in his endeavor to master 
the difficulties of the " orthography " of his native tongue, I have 
thought it desirable in the interest of some of your readers first of 
all to show briefly wherein those difficulties consist. A person 
still* known to many a boarding-school miss, as " that dear, ridi- 
culous old fellow " Lindley Murray, in the opening page of his 
grammar of the English language states as a fact to be remembered 
by all students, that ** orthography teaches the nature and powers 
of letters, and the just method of spelling words ;" and immedi- 
ately flkfter assures them that ** there are only five vowels in the 
English langiiage, viz., a, e, i, o, m, and sometimes w and y " 
(seven). Now if these statements were only true, what glorious 
times schoolboys would have, for reading would then be a mere 
bagatelle, or child's play, to them. The first statement, viz., 
"Orthography teaches," etc., should be true, but is not, so far as 
the English language is concerned, and the second, as to the num- 
ber of vowels in the language, is absurd. Of the five symbols 
(0, 0, «\ o, u,) used to represent the yowel sounds, two of them are 
diphthongs or double vowels, so that (counting to and y) according 
to Murray there are really onl^r five pure vowels in the language ; 
a language which Professor Grimm, the late eminent philologist, 
says '* possesses a power of expression such as was never perhaps 
attained by any human tongue." The consonant sounds in the 
language are left to be represented by the remaining 19 symbols, 
or, including to and y, 21 symbols, which go to make up the 
usually accepted English alphabet. Now, if either you or I 
were blessed with 21 children and there were only 14 possible 
single names that we could call them by, I suppose our only re- 
source would be, either to invent seven new names, or combine, 
say, every other one of the 14 already^ in use. The drawback, 
however, in such a case would be that if '.»y accident we called 
one of our double -nttmed olive branches by either of its names 

for shortness, there might be a scuffle between two of them as 
to which one papa really wanted, the matter probably being 
settled by both coming to him. Some such makeshift as I have 
supposed in the naming of our children is actually in use as respects 
our language. In it there are 36 simple sounds and four compound 
ones, or, in other words, 12 vowels, four diphthongs, and 24 con- 
sonants. These 40 sounds are heard in the words leetf fate, father, 
caught, note, foody ktt, g«t, cot, not, nut, foot, mght, boy, hoKse, 
f^se, piii, bm^ teU, ifell, <;Aain,yail, A;ate, ^ate,yate, rale, Mm, theOf 
see, eeal, she, yUion, rill, /oil, met, #iet, siti^, yet, tret, hat The 
makeshift has been in the use of only 26 symbols to represent 
the above 40 sounds. To do this, of course, there was no other 
alternative than to use these symbols in combination ; but unfor- 
tunately for generations of ^glish men and women, this was 
done without the slightest approach to system, or method in the 
doing. Now when a learner has once committeid the sounds of the 
26 letters of the alphabet to memory, he naturally expects that 
they should be a guide to him in the spelling of a word, but no such 
luck awaits him. He finds that although he has been tau^t to 
sound a as heard in the word mate and e as heard in the word meat, 
yet these letters do not represent invariably those sounds, but fre- 
quently something very different, and that should he hear these 
sounds he must not necessarily use a and e but some other letter, 
or perhaps a combination of letters, which no more express the 
sounds tnan would the figures 29 placed together to represent 6, 
For instance ti^e the letter a. It has one sound in fate, another 
in eat, another in psalm, another in tall, another in any, another 
in loant, and nothing at all in aisle. Then again its sound is re- 
presented variably by a, ai, ay, ao, ae, ei, eg, eig, aigh, etc., as in 
the words able, gain, say, gaol, ale, great, vein, they, reign, straight, 
etc. With all the other letters of the alphabet the case is similar, 
no one of the letters denoting always the same sound, and none 
of the sounds in the language being always represented by the 
same letter or combination of letters. Again, words that are 
similar to the ear are often, when written, the reverse of similar 
to the eye ; and spellings that are alike to the e^e are frequently 
very different to the ear. Instance the following words : Jteef, 
thief, leaf, — toll, goal, soul, hole, — vein, sane^ main, reign, — dew, 
view, sue, — bed, ready said,-— boar, store, floor, pour, — me, tea, key, 
see. Then for like spellings, but unlike sounds ; take love, hove, 
prove, — stone, gone, done, — boot, foot, ibod, — hire, there, were, 
— rose, shoes, does,-— dough, rough, cough, — sword, lord, word, and 
many other words I might cite as examples ; but if those I have 
chosen, which are only words of one syllable, are difficult to learn, 
what can a child or ignorant adult be expected to make of words 
of three or four syllables P If we interchange some of our spel- 
lings, their utter absurdity at once becomes apparent, and we 
then see the difficulties which the learner has to contend with in 
mastering our so-called ** orthography." If roast be good spel- 
ling, then hoast (host) would seem to oe proper. Similarly, doubt 
and spoubt fspoutj — soap and roap (rope) — beauty and deauty 
(duty) — caught and wraught (wrought)— plough and cough (cow) 
done and fone (fun) — debtor and lehtor (Utter)— four and dowr 
(door) — and so on. As for framing any rules for such a varielv 
of ways of representing the same sounds as we find in the English 
language, that is a sheer impossibility. It is equally impossible 
to give rules for reading differently, spellings that are similar. 
Attempts have been made in this direction, but all have utterly 
failed so much so that even the authors of the best spelling boou 
extant, now tell us, that " no one can even acquire a mastery of 
our orthography, by mere attention to rules." We are driven to 
the conclusion that so long as the present spelling remains in ex- 
clusive use, and learning to read is taught as it now is, there will 
always be a " preponderance of ignorance, and a half-educated 
people." If I have shown, as I tmnk I have, though not to the 
extent I might have done, that there are inherent difficulties in 
the way of ** learning to read," that those difficulties are princi- 
pally caused by the anomalies of our so> called <' orthogp^phy," 
and that they are the real source of the slow and unsatisfactory 
progress of education in our elementary schools, then I think all 
should be interested in knowing if any, and what, efforts have 
been made up to the present time by the best friends of education 
to remove those difficulties. I must defer to a future letter the 
further contideration of this next part of my subject.— "^« En* 
gineir" in the Eastern (Hull) M&rfiing Njus, llth January. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



80 Jan., 1875. 


2 Aolcrojd Charles, ChronicU office, Bradford, Yorka. 

3 Aiton John, National Bank of Scotland, Kirkcaldy 

3 Anthoney W. F., 5 Colling wood street, North Shields 

3 Anthony James, G. B. ft K. junction railway, Stewarton, Ayrshire : clerk 

3 Ashcrort T., 125 Cavendish street, Ashton-under-Lyne 

2 Astrop W. G., Jan., 32 Suffolk street, Newcastle^n-Tyne 

3 Bainbridge E. C, 141 Church street, Ashton-under-Lyne 
t •• 1 Barber T. G., Herald office, Bicester, Oxon 

1 1 Benton W. E., Stafford road, Bloxwioh, near Walsall : mining engineer 

1 Bladon William, Oxford street. Oaken Gates, Salop 

8 Bradbury J., Centre vale, Greenfield, near Manchester : grocer 

I Bragg Isaac, Park Lane station, Liverpool 
t Brown T. J., jnn., 25 Canal side, Chester 
t Bryoe H., 10 Glen street. Paisley 

t Bryce William, Bladrfleld cottage. Galston, Ayrshire 

I I Bullock James, Farm, near Rutherglen, Glasgow : joiner 
T Burton J., 117 Park street, Grosvenor square, London^ W. 
3 Butler Tom, Sutton, Crosshills, via Leeds : mill hand 

3 Candlin Henry, 5 Shireoaks, Worksop, Notts. 

t Capner A. J. J., 45 Clayton street, Liverpool 

3 Chandler W., Stringer's farm, Bodborough, near Stroud 

3 Chidgey J., 48 Welfington street, Cathay, Bristol : weaver 

3 Chidgey Thomas, ditto : fellmonger 

I Collins B., Chath(nn and BoehtiUr Observer office, '^ctoria st., Boohester : 

3 Colvm J. Et., Moyms, Cama, co. Galway, Ireland 
1 2 Cooper G., 37 Liquorpond street, Boston 

I I Davies James, Chester street, Wolverhampton 

3 Daws T., iun., Holloway, nr. Crumford, Derbyshire: hosiery warehouse- 
8 Denton Richard, 90 King Cross, Halifax [man 

1 1 Diokins Martin, 47 St James's street, Northampton ; printer 

1 Eastwood James, Windsor terrace, Burnley : Scripture reader 

2 Edis G. L.. *' The One Tun Schools," Westminster, London, S.W. 
t Pereuson A., 7 Hopetown place, Glasgow 

1 Fullarton J., Farue house, Helensburgh, Scotland 
t Gillings C. B. S., 10 Crown court, Elm hill, Norwich 

3 Holmes E., Clarkehouse road, Sheffield : at school 

1 House Henry, Wendover 

2 Hudson W., Fire Brigade station, Southwaric street, Southwark, London : 

3 James Charles, Braokndl station, Berks : warehouseman [fireman 
3 Jones C. J., 34 Wellington street, Cathay, Bristol: printer 

t 1 Kent A. ,'6 Freehold villas, Burslem 

I Kerr David, 26 Grindlay street, Edinburgh : writer 

I I Lee Walter, Lynn rosd, Ely 

T 1 Leith George, Postal Telegraphs, Wick, Scotland 
1 1 Linav Z. C, 44 South Everard street, Kine's Lynn 
3 Lucock J., William street, Wigton, Cumberland : clerk 

I March J. A., Axbridge, Somerset 

t * 1 Marriott Rhodes, 30 Brown street, Manchester 

I I Masters Frank, Peaks Tileries, Tnnstall, Staffs. : derk 
3 McHale Michael, WaUsend, Northumberland 

8 Mcintosh W., iun., 14 Drummond street, Edinburgh 

3 McPherson D. H., The Rookery. Brislington, near Bristol : clerk 

3 McBoberts T., Market square, Dromore, oo. Down, Ireland 

t Metcalf Thomas, 37 Dock street, Sunderland 

3 Messant F. G., 7 Beresford street, Camberwell road, London, S.E. : 

t Metcalf Thomas, 37 Dock street east, Sunderland [blindmaker 

3 MitcheU William, 1 South Mid street, Lochee, Scotland 

t More William, 241 Queen's Park terrace, Eglinton street, Glasgow 

1 1 Murfitt H. W., Reedham, Ade, Norwich 

3 Murray P., The Gardens, Kingswells, by Aberdeen : gardener 

1 Nesbit J. 8., Bromborongh Pool works, near Birkenhead : clerk 

t Nixon Thomas, Sheemess 

1 Pickles S., Stopes house, Bamoldswick, via Leeds : weaver 

2 Pinnock T., Newport, I. of Wight : reporter 

3 Pope E., jun., Elkstone village, near Cheltenham 
3 Powell R. H., 5 Canal wharf, Welshpool 

2 Powell W., 61 Lord street, Cowley hill, St Helens, Lane, 
t Preece A. J., 207 Great King street, Birmingham 

3 Riddle J., East Boldon, Newcaatle-on-Tyne : railway derk 
g Robinson J. W., 18 Terrace street, Wednesbury, Staffc. 

2 Roebuck J. A., CowcUffe, near Huddersfield : pupil teacher 

3 Soott A. B., 187 Eldon street. South Shields : printer 
3 Boott Smith, Corporation offices, Huddersfield 

t Smith Alexander, 10 Bute crescent, Cardiff 

t Smith W. W., at Mrs Fisher's, Harbone terrace. Windmill lane, Smeth- 

wick, near Birmingham 
3 Stevens A. C, Freshwater, I. of Wight 
1 1 Thomas J. R., 1 Lime villa. Heath street. Canton, Cardiff 
3 Thomas Mrs, 3 Lansdowne terrace. Rose hill, Handsworth, Birmingham 
3 Thistlethwaite G. P., Ingleton, Lancaster 
t Trotter G.. lilleshali Home farm, near Newport, Shropshire 

2 Webb G. A., Prince Albert street, Dudley 

3 Wrathall H. Y., Stansfleld street, Hopwood lane, HaUfiix 
t Wright S. A., 11 Regent road, Great Yarmouth 

3 Wyne James, jun., 14 Avenue street, Stewarton, Ayrshire 

AUeratione of Addrese, 
Buckley J. B., from Freer street to School terrace, Walsall 
Fidler Matthews, from Gateshead to Karlstad, Alster, Sweden 
Huffer W. A., from 2 Gas street, Kettering, to 16 Beaumaris St., Derby rd., 

Simm James, from Lower Broughton to 17 Westminster St., Strawberry New 

road, Pendleton, Manchester 

4^ The PHONETIC JOURNAL it supplied at 8d. per dozen^ 
by rail, the purchaser paying carriage; and lid., per dozen, by poet, 
we paying postage. 

The next and future numbers of the Phonetic Journal vill 
contain 16 pages, four of which will be in Shorthand, 

With the assistance of our friends we now intend to pushfbr^ 
ward the Phonetic Reform with might and main, and we think it 
possible that the circulation of the Joubnal may be doubled brfore 
the close of the year. 

Lettert ofinqwitjf to tks JSdiior qftkU Journal, mustooniain a postage gtamp 
or an addressed pottoard: Every communication must he auikenUeaUd by 
tkename andaddressqf the writer, not nooessarily for pubUoatioUt but as a 
guarantee qfgoodfaUk, 

Wanted, a few members to complete the postal list of the " Ever Onward,** 
an evercirculating magazine in two parts, both parts for discuasion upon 
the leading topics of the day, or any other interesting subject; writtan in 
the easy Reporting and Corresponding Stales of Phonography. AU paper 
found. No entrance fee ; annual subscription, ly^, payable in advaao». 
Conductor, Mr S. A. Wright, 11 Regent road. Great Yarmootb. 

Mr Viney, of 120 Falkner street, Liver|>ool, would be glad to correq>oiid 
with another phonographer in the Reporting Style on questions of Natural 
and Social Science. 

An experienced and active phonographer is desirous of joining a flrst-olasB 
evercirculating magasine, in which special attention is paid to Bngliah oom- 
position. Preference will be given to a magazine devoted entirely to dis- 
cussion. Apply in first instance to Mr W. D. Abbott, Post Office, 37 Lead- 
enhall street, London. 

If" Edward Holmes, Sheffidd," will forward his address, he will reodvo 
a reply to his letter. 

2). T. — We are of yonr opinion that it is a kind of superfluous work to 

f»rint the Bible in shorthand, but for the two reasons that many persons Uka 
o have it in this style, and are willing to pay a high price for it, and that 
we have already done the Testament and half of the Bible, we intend to 
finish it, and not to leave it, as you recommend, " to some phonogra^duo 
scribe whose time is of less vdue." Many persons write to us to aak vrhea 
the book will be finished. By our not replying to their letters (thus saving 
time for the completion of the work,) they Will condude that we cannot fix 
the time. 

C. P.— If you had given your address you would have received two traots 
on the subject, which would have given you some valuable information. 

B. O.— There is no printed adaptation of Phonography to French. Wa 
should be glad if some competent Frenchman would undertake it. 

Woq and klok mekeri and engrevers harden der stil in sili^ waka. 
He artikel iz med whjt hot and ^rvst intu silig waks, aloud ta remen 
a sekond, den widdron, and agen inserted in anvder part. 3ja 
tritment iz kontini^d vntil de stil iz kedd and wil nor mcrr enter de 
waks. He hardnes Am atend iz ekstrim, and iz komperabel tu dit or 
de diamond; in fakt, stil hardend b} sder prersesez me bi engrevd or 
bcrrd bi it, de engrsTii) or berrii) tml biii) prinvsli moisend wid oil or 

{Key to Corresponding Style, page 46.) 
I bad got into conversatioa witb Dick tbe groom at an up 
country hotel, at wbicb I was staying for a few days. In the 
course of our talk on tbe (to bim) most congenial subject, horses, 
be mentioned tbat be bad belonged, while in England^ to a circus 
troupe. I asked bow be liked tbat life ; bis answer was tbat be 
passed some of tbe bappiest days of bis Ufe tbere, and yet tbat 
be would not resume bis connexion witb a circus for a mint of 
money. He bad been a friendless lad, and bad never known his 
father or mother ; be was brought up by an uncle, who treated 
bim so severely that be ran away from bim when he was about 
sixteen years old. He joined the circus company, by whom he 
was employed as a groom and odd boy, till he got promoted 
to be one of tbe riders. When he was about twenty-two, 
the circus company was augmented by tbe addition of a father 
and his daughter, a pretty girl of eighteen. Dick and she fell in 
love, and before very long were married. One cannot fiancy tbat 
tha atmosphere of a travelling circus would be conducive to conju- 
, gal felicitv ; however, tbe yoimg couple soem to have been very 
nappy. As Dick said, bis wife was his first Mend, for he had 
. (Continued on page 47.) 

Digitized by 


30 Jan., 1875. THE PHONETIC JOURNAL. 45 


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From ^Ereiiings at Home, in Words of One Syllable/' by permiision 
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30 Jan., 1875. 



{Continued from pag« 44.) 
not experienced mucli kindness in his early days, and he loved 
and valued her all the more. They had been married four months, 
when one day they were going through a performance on horse- 
back together, she riding first, leaping through hoops and dancing, 
he following in pursuit ; and they had come to a part in which 
he was supposed to overtake her, when just as Dick came up 
with his wife, some fool threw a piece of orange peel into the 
ring, causing her horse to swerve, and she to lose her balance — 
she fell. Dick was too close to check his horse ; even before he 
could think, he passed over her, — a wild shriek rose from the 
spectators as he did so. It was Uie work of a moment to leap to 
tne ground, and spring to where she lay. Poor fellow, as he told 
me of it, after the lapse of fully ten years, his voice quivered. 
He thought she had fainted, she lay so still ; but, as he gently 
raised her in his arms, a little blood oozing from her lips and 
nostrils told that she was hurt. A sudden horror seized Dick ; 
he put his hand to her breast, there was no beating, placed his 
cheek to her mouth, there was no breath. *' Ok my God ! she 
can*t be deadT' poor Dick exclaimed; a half groan from the 
crowd seemed to him to be an affirmative answer, and he dropped 
senseless on the ground. It was too true, his fair young wife 
was gone —the horse had trodden on her bosom, and crushed her 
loving heart, Dick's only consolation being that the poor girl had 
not suffered. For some time after the accident, he went about 
like one dazed, and it was not until after the funeral that he real- 
ized his loss. Loveless though his childhood, and friendless his 
boyhood, he never knew till then what loneliness really was. 
The very sight of a circus tent occasioned a renewed pang of 
grief, and as for resuming his former occupation it was not to be 
thought of. With a view of removing himself as far as possible 
from his loss, Dick emigrated to New Zealand. The story aston- 
ished me not a little. — Colonial Experieneet, 

{K9jf to Beporting Style, page 46.) 
The days of sleepy conformity, the days when it was assumed 
to be the duty of the State to station in every parish a sort of 
spiritual policeman, to look after those who could not look after 
themselves, were past and gone. (Hear, hear.) We were living 
in days when men felt strongly and ^ke freely on religious sub- 
jects — when they combined an intensity of religious fervor which 
would have startled our fathers with a boldness of theological 
speculation which would have shocked them. Now, these were 
Dad days for compromises, and the Church of England, as Macaulay 
had pointed out, was essentially a oompromise — a compromise, 
too, the terms of which each party to it interpreted in his own 
way. It was easy to speak of the unity of the Church ; but what 
real unity could there be between the disciples of Dr Puse^ and 
the followers of Dr M'Neile F between the apologists of auricular 
confession and the believers in a baptismal *' new birth," except 
that temporal bond which one party in the Church was just now 
endeavoring to tighten and the other to break ? But then it was 
said that the Establishment would be saved by her spiritual ac- 
tivity. Now, paradoxical as it might seem, he believed that the 
State Church had more to fear from spiritual activity, than from 
Bpiritual apathy. The stagnant waters might sleep peacefully 
-within their banks, but would they continue to do so when lashed 
bj the fury of the tempest? It was this which gave to the 
Public Worship Bill its peculiar significance. In itself a small 
measure, it ac^^uired an ominous importance as the first legislative 
attempt to drive back the Church of England into the crammed 
Imes of orthodoxy. Now, he maintained that a Church which 
professed to be national could not afford to be orthodox, for an 
orthodox nation was a confusion of terms. He believed, too, that 
if the dominant party in the Church were to pursue their advan- 
tage, if ^ from discipjin they passed to dogma, they might find, 
nnderiying the fedr Protestant surface, an amount of saoerdotahsm 
upon which they had not calculated. 

3e folerir) reflekjonz on de kozez ov aksidcnls*, and on 
konjicnjssnes in i^vrk az dc mtrst efekti(,al prezervatir 

agenst disasterz apird in de Bad KroniJcel ov 7 Janiiari. 
3e dezerv a w^d serknlcjon, and de pnnsipel ov di^ti hip 
indiketed Jud resiv universal rekognijon. 

a!e klcrz 07 de yir 1874 haz bin stran wid viktimz from 
de gret fild ov de " Batel ov Ljf " ser numenys, and folii) 
Tjnder 83Q verid and distresig serk^mstansez, dat wun me 
wel winder hou man bj hiz cm vol^yntari akts and marfal 
prcrpensiti Jud drim ov adig tu de enormia amount ov de- 
8tr]5kJon whig nesesarili folerz do pregres ov trcd and 
sivilizcjon, enterpriz and adventiir bj[ si and bi land, on 
Jip.bcrrd, in de relwc tren, and in de min. Biit de kwes- 
tion iz— a kwestion whig itotful pipe! in die aizon ov 
kroudii) ka^alitiz araskig demselvz — iz ol dis destrskjon 
nesesari 1 ^oronerz' inkwests, and Berrd ov Tred inkwjpiz, 
and G"5vemment inspekterz ov ol klasez ar konstantli 
triii) tu anser de kwestion bj minz ov elaboret majineriz 
for mvestigejon— tu brii) herm de responsibiliti for diz dis- 
asterz hir, or tu brig it herm dcr : tu fiks de k^lpabiliti on 
a partiknlar person or personz, and tu tres de misqef tu 
de smoleet posibel eria. 

For jmdijal p^rposez dis ncr dout iz de proper kors ; 
bTJt tu rig de koz ov diz deplorrabel and ever-rek^rig 
kalamitiz wi Jud perhaps Ic our inditment on a far w^der 
and merr jeneral skel, and arcn emploierz and emploid be- 
fore de bar ov de p^blik for a wont ov dat konjienj^s 
atenjon tu partikiilarz and de min\^,tep ditelz ov ol depart- 
ments Tjpon whic sefti ecr larjli dependz, and de neglektov 
whig in aperentli— b^t enli aperentli—ix^v^ partiki^larz 
iz fol^d bi disaster. It iz imposibel tu obzerv hou veri 
jeneral arrclwe aksidents. for instans—scr jeneral dat when 
a man steps intu a tren tu travel twenti mjlz hi me bi aed 
tu kari hiz lif in hiz hand— widout olsa itiokig dat de 
rizonz for dcr ok^rens ar olser jeneral— laksiti hir, and 
der, and everiwhep ;— laksiti, whederinde humblest em- 
ploii or m derz hm hav tu direkt and si tu hiz wsrk, ^terli 
mkonsistent wid a proper onest sbtm ov d^ti. Kerlesnes, 
wi fjr— not, it mebi flegrant kerlesnes, b^t indiferens, an 
mdiferens on de skcrr ov prinsipel whig alouz de servant 
tu ba satisQd wid SHperBJal l-servis- iz de mast obvivs 
klm. in our crpinion, tu de msltitudinTJS and widli-spred 
kagualitiz dat ar deli ok^rig : de tekig it for granted dat 
83m imperfekt arenjment whig haz gon on for svm tim 
widout disaster wil kontinq ser tu g^ on. In de str? n wi ar 
putig ypon oup pouerz ov dmig biznes— ov kariin bi land 
and It me ba bj si tin- wi sim tu forget dat der iz a limit 
tu de pouerz ov endiirans. tu de wcr and tep ov wud and 
iron, and, ekspektig ov h&i tu dm mm dan de kan dm 
wi ervep-wet and aver-w^rk dem, if not olwez sertenli at 
wzonz ov partikular ppejup when dep iz not tim. and wi 
fjp dep iz not m3<3 mklinejon, tu giv d4t skprnpulys aten- 
Jon tu partikHlarz-tu yeri smol (figz simipU, upon Whic 
de li vz ov hirndredz me houever depend. *^ * *^ ^ 

Ynhapili keplesnes iz kagig. A workman op eepvaut 
me bj fop a tjm smsjrh bent on dmig hiz wirrk and drain 
It (fmrerh— not skampip it op livig it tu gans op uderz tu 
dm— birt when hi sjz mdiferens and a never-me-kep spipit 
amvgst hiz feler-sepvants and felcr-wryrkmen for eni tim. 
ha wil bj ab^v de averej if hi iz not afekted bj de 83Poundiri 
lake influensez. Se mag left kerlesli about, or de fir not 
propeph gapded bj s^m pasenjep op sclep hm " dsz not 
digk em harm kan k^m ov it," and haz a ppejudis agenst 
-^er-partzkular pepsonz,' me lid tu de m«t apoli^ dis- 
astep at sa : de defektiv whil ov an ekspres tpen emited tu 
bi "sounded" OP de tra swift and kepfes soundig ov it bi 
de pepson tu hmm de dnti iz entnrsted ; op de stejon tele! 
gpaf left for a kntikal mrnnent bj de operetep tu bi tamperd 
wid posibh bj 8sm dotlee individniil, m« tend tu a m^p- 
denfs emaj op kolison betwin tdi trenz. In nvn ov diz 

Digitized by V^OO^ IXl 



80 Jan., 1875, 

kesez did de olor ov de misgef '* min it," b^t hi did it ol 
de sen), and az efektiiali az dcr hi did min it, eutjrli bekoz 
hi did not giv dat konjienjifs a ten Jon tu hiz diiti whig a 
person strogli imprest wid a sens ov diiti wud dui. ** 3e 
sinfolnes ov litel sinz " in S3<3 kcsez kan perhaps bi ernli 
mejurd bi de amount ov disaster de okeson. and wi s^s- 
pekt wi ofen ger on de roi) sent when, in sikig for de koz 
ov s^m gret kasualiti, wi overluk tu misq whot pipel kol 
" trjfelz." aer iz n^ig trjflir) in a grct Jip, or a relwe 
trcn, or a vast m^n ; for de sljtest rerp or de smolest bait, 
or de sn^f ov a kandel, eniwsn ov whig orerlukt or neg- 
lekted me bi frot wid sad konsekwensez. Wi hav ofen 
dot der woz a gret dil ov signiBkans in de il^strejon ov 
konjienj^snes whig Mr Sp^rion w^ns gev. A housmed 
had t^d him dat p belivd Jj woz ** konverted," and bi 
askt her whot prmf Ji kud giv dat Ji woz korett in de kon- 
klmson Ji had k^nn tn, when Ji repljd dat " sins her cenj 
ov hart/t olwez swept tmder de maU" Wi lit«l n^ hou 
m^Q misQef and suferii) m^t bi avoided if, in a figi^rativ 
sens, wi iiniversali swept Tender de naats — konjienj^sli apljd 
onrselvz, men and masterz engejd in gret wyrks and em- 

Sloiraents, in dmig our diiti in de minutest partikqlarz. 
[e litel (Hgz wud den bi lukt tu on our relwcz, Jips, mjuz, 
ets., and de gret digz whig scr v^tali depend ^pon litel digz 
wud not miskari. 

Hav de SritiJ. p^blik ever konsiderd wheder de hav not 
demselvz veri larjli tu blem for meni ov diz apolig mis- 
haps whig ar nou ov S7J« konstant ok^rens ? Hav de veri3S 
klasez bin set a gud ekzampel in moraliti — komerjal mor- 
alit if n lik— bi men bra ot tu giv a hcrls^m ten tu moralz, 
b^t dm not, konsiderii) gen and profit de ferst and last ov 
everidig ; tu akw^r whig enibodi or everibodi me bi erver- 
-riqt, scr dat a veri eminent pTsblik man not log sins de- 
skr^bd adslterejon az emli " wvn ov de meni form'z ov 
kompetijon." tan wi ekspekt, wid our marts and manii- 
faktiirig senterz, and our Stok Eksqenjez, de sinz ov sa 
m3Q dat iz not konjienfys, tu Qnd konjienjysnes abrod in 
de humbler woks ov lir. Wi ar peig, wi beliv, in meni a 
teribel kalamiti, for de jeneral laksiti ov moralz— de neg- 
lekt ov di^ti and de iz wid whig wi erverluk whot wi 6 tu 


Hoc fontd derivata dados 

In patriam populumquo fluxit. 

NowlReady, crown 8t;o., 16 pp., double columns, price d^d,, post free, 

X Contains, among other interesting matter. Parliamentary Beportmg 
at Home and Abroad ; A Criticism on the Present Bdition at Phonography, 
bv C. H. Dancer : Suggestions relating to the Completion of Phonography, 
by a reporter ftom tiie North, T. F. Kelly, Dublin ; non-Completion of Pho- 

°°ISo a 'nSw SHOBTHAND VOLUME in extra dott, gilt lettered, poet 
firee, 2/ ; two copies or more, 1/9 each. "A (^ndensed Hijport of 14 W 
tun4 on ' Mental Culture,' by the Ber. H. W. Holland. (WedeyaiO written 
in the Corresponding, Easy Importing, snd brief Bejyrting Styles. PJfWished 
by Edward ChambHwlain, "Phonographic Standard" office, Loiella road, 

Birmingh am. [^ 

Jteadi/ on the 1st April, price ed., No, 1 of 

PHIC EECORD. A medium of Intercourse, Instruction, and Intelli- 
gence and Magaaine of General Literature. It will be lithographed and 
print*^ by Mr Bntterw orth. [«£j 

E J. A. SUTCLIFFE, Teacher of PhonoCTaphy, 


JJX Phonetic Institute, 8 Mulberry street, Otiejf «>^» Bradford, Yor«. 
To Duoils intending to follow the reporting profeerion Mr SutolilTe offers 
unriVSed adranti^. Classes conducted for ^oaetiea. Terms on appbca- 
tion. \^^ 

THE BEAUTIFUL. New, Emblematical, Letter Paper, 
with Engraved heading in Colored Ink, ruled paper, own name and 
address. 1/9 per 100. Somerrille, 18 Princeas street^ CurUsle. LrJ 

T"HE^F00D^1UESTI0N.— List of the Publicationw of 
the Vegetarian Society forwarded to any appKcant by post card,— The 
Secretary, The Hurst, Heaton Mersey, Manchester. 



Twenty<four pages, still on sale. See other adyertisements. [e] 

/2J.EATIS. — Eight pages of Shorthand, now m prepara- 

VX tion, to erery annual subscriber to the " Midland Phonetic Herald," 
being a condensed account of the first part of " The Lawyer's Stoiy ;" tiie 
story being continued this year. Price to others, 2d. [e] 


clearly printed, closely written Shorthand, is now produced with 
great care by a first-class lithographer } great pains being bestowed on 
writing and printing. See other adve rtisements. [e] 

TWO^eIzES OFFERED. For particulars see the 
MID LAND PHONETI C HERALD for February. [e] 

^^iG^lfZGERALD'l'' " Yes, Alexander." "Have you 

X! read that canital GHOST STORY and HOW TO CONFESS, in 
tiie MIDLAND PHONETIC HERALD for December P" •* No." " Then 
send Mr Thomas, Rose hill, Handsworth, Birmingham, 8^^. at once for its 
enchanting literature. While you are sending yon mar as well enclose P.0.0. 
for 3/, as your an nual subscription for this year. There is a capital story 
commenced, THE WRECK OF THE PIRATE. The writing is m the Cor- 
responding and easy Reporting Styles ; that A 1 LAWYER'S^STORY slone 
is worth the money." [e] 


and Reporting Styles; single copy, Z^d., post free; annu^ subscrip- 
tion, S/. P.0.0. payable at Barker street, Handsworth. J. Thomas, Rose 
hill, Handsworth, Birmingham. [cb] 


Now Ready, 

Copy, Zid. post free ; annual fubscription, 3«. Contents : Thrilliiif 
Adventure of a Commercial Traveler ; The Wreck of tiie Pirate; The Lsw- 
yer's Story ; etc. No. 1 all sold. Nos. S to 6 forwarded for 1«. 0|tf. in U. 
stamps. J. Thomas, Handsworth, Birmingham. fe] 

Now Ready, 16 pages of closely-written Shorthand. 
-\l{lJ)Jjk^T) PHONETIC HERALD for February. 

See other adverti'sements. 



i-vLL on sale, price It. \d. To secure copies please order at once, ss No. S 
will soon be gone. Send \d. stamps. [n] 

J THOMAS. Eeporter, Certificated Teacher, Editor 
• and Writer of the "Midland Phonetic Herald," has vacancies for 
more Pupils. Apply at 3 Lansdowne terrace. Rose hill, Handsworth, Bir* 
mingham. W 

MUSICAL SHOETHAND.— The most rapid method 
of writing Music extant. Bend stamped envelope for Prospectus to 
William Roberts, 12 Dickenson road, Rusholme, near Manchester. Reftr* 
ences to pupils in all parts of the oonntry [r] 


A New Shorthand periodical of original high-class Literature. Thir^- 

two paces (large size) of closely-written Phonography. Stitched. Kn«e 

, ,', wid. post free ; Annual subscription, 2/ post flwe. The PhonograDbie 

Quarterly Reriew contains a Photograph of Mr T. A^ Reed, the swiftest 


Shorthand writer in the world. All communications to oe addressed 
Editors, " care of Mr F. Bond, 287 Old Chester rd.. Rock ferry, L'pool 


-i- PHER8. A Phonographic Tract, published by Dou^as Blackburn, 
), Lowestoft. Post free, two stamps. 

Mission house. 

THE "ECLIPSE," incorporated with the "PHONO- 
ORAPHIO METEOR." The first and only Shorthand " onsrterljr," 
6i<2. post free ; thirty>two psges, illuminated cover. Capital ulver print 
Photograph with each numbiBr. No. 1 ready 1st March. C. J. Payne, 94 
Ambros e street, Derby. UU 



EMBLEM, oontaining the Lord's Prayer in Phonography and Fho- 
>tirpy, and Photographic Portrait of Isaac Pitman. 1/ post free. 
CARrEDE-VlSlTE PORTRAIT of the Rev. Dr Potter. U. poet free. 

The Tyrannv of MODERN CONFORMITY compared with PAPAL SU- 
PREMACY, by a rictim of Nonconformist persecution. 1/ post free. H. 
Hurst, publi sh er, 23 Church street, Sheffi eld. [^ 

Now Ready ^ price 2d., post free, 2\d., thirty-two payee, 

THE Second Edition of the PHONOGEAPHIC AL- 
MANAC AND CHRISTMAS ANNUAL. Contains a Calendar, etc.. 
and a few short tales. T.J. Fletcher, 78 New John st. W., Birmingham. [«] 

Printed by Isaac Pitman 
Institute, Kingston T ' 

the Phonetic Depdt, r , , 

fbr the Editor to be addrened, Ismio PitmMi, Bath. 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 

6 Feb., 1875. 




OowmufdcaH(m»f^ iki$ BepoHmid qftke Joumalt NoHeti qfBv^reireulaiortf 
4te,, 9hould bt vriHtn BtparaUlgfrom Utten, and marled " Journal." 

BRADFORD Phonoobaphbbs' Association. From A, TFid- 
dop. Secretary.— -The annual meeting of this Association took place 
on Monday eyening, 4th January, when the half-yearly report — 
a very favorable one— was read by the Secretaiy. The number 
of members is steadily on the increase, and there is a good balance 
in the hands of the Treasurer. The officers for the ensuing year 
were then elected. The Committee are contemplating the forma- 
ticm of a library, for which a few books are already promised by 
some of the members. The following programme was then drawn 
up for the month of February : — 
Feb. 1 — Reporting practice, conducted by Mr Widdop. Discus- 
sion, "Abstracts," for, Mr Birkbeck ; against, Mr 
„ 8 — Reporting practice, conducted by Mr Coates. Readings 

by Messrs Travis and Widdop. 
„ 15 — Reporting practice, conducted by Mr Priestley. Essay 

by Mr Sutcliffe on " Dr Livingstone." 
„ 22— Reporting practice, conducted by Mr Pickles. Extem- 
pore speaking. Committee meeting. 
BRADFORD From /. A, Sutcliffe.^l have taught Phono- 
graphy for a ^at many years, and generally with good results ; 
especially durmg the past year I have been immensely successful. 
The pupils who have passed through my hands have been of all 
trades, even down to the factory li^d. In this district Phono- 
graphy is without a doubt drawing the attention of tie public ; 
and they are beginning to feel that their inability to write it is a 
great obstacle in their way. One person will express the wish 
that he had commenced to learn the system when I recommended 
it to him. Another will say, " I should like to learn it very much, 
but I am afraid it will take too long to learn it" The general 
answer people give, when they are asked to learn the system, is 
that it will do them no good ; and " What is the use of leaminir 


Should there be any persons in this district desirous to learn 
Phonography they must communicate with me at once. I have 
a room that will accommodate a dozen pupils. My two classes 
at the Chureh Institute commenced their second quarter of the 
present session on Thursday evening, 14th January. Phonogra- 
phy is so far advanced that we have been enabled to establisn a 
Phono^phers' Association, and I would unhesitatingly recom- 
mend it to the notice of all phonographers who have gone through 
the "Teacher." 

FORR£S, Moravshire. From Jamet Simpson, — A few years 
ago there was hardly a shorthand writer to be met with in Forres 
or the neighbourhood, but within the last year or so shorthand 
has spread with amazing rapidity. There are now dozens who 
can either write it, or are fast learning to do so. It is not much 
over a year since I commenced it myself, and I can now write at 
about the rate of eighty words per minute. When I got my 
"Phonographic Teacner" I was literally besieged with people 
wanting to learn the " coveted art ;" so one or two of us started 
a club for the purpose of getting books and practising it. A 
teacher of Phonography from Inverness is shortly to start a class 

HAYLE. From Jabez Shrpherd.—l have a reporting class on 
Monday evenings, and a learners' class on Tuesdays at my own 

LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writbr»* Association, — 
Thursday evening, 2l8t January, was devoted to a musical and 
elocutionary entertainment given by the members and their friends, 
under the able management of the President, Mr R. A. Johnson. 
Some admirable solos and recitations were given, some of them 
being enthusiastically encored. Owing to the inclemency of the 
weaUier there was a rather small attendance, but those present 
appeared to thoroughly enjoy the evening. A hearty vote of 


thanks was passed to the President and also to the ladies and 
gentlemen who had so kindly assisted in the entertainment 

SUNDERLAND. From Thomas Mctcalf. ---ThQ shorthand 
classes at the Young Men's Christian Association are progressing 
favorabljr. On Tuesday, the 12th instant, Mr C. R. WfOker de- 
livered his lecture on Phonography to about thirty young men. 
Mr Frank Caws, one of the Secretaries of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, occupied the chair. The lecturer commenced by 
giving a brief history of shorthand and also of Phonography, after 
which he showed, to the interest and amusement of the audience, 
the advantages of Phonography as compared with the many dis- 
advantages of longhand. He urged every young man to study 
the art. The chairman spoke at some lengtn on the advantages 
of the phonetic system, especially on Phonotypy, which he con- 
sidered ought to have been bv this time almost universally adop- 
ted. He said he was very efad that shorthand classes were being 
started in connection with the Association, and hoped that many 
would avail themselves of this opportunity of learning the art 
He was glad Mr Walker had undertaken to conduct the elemen- 
tary class. The Secretary took down the names of those present 
who wished to join the elementary class, which, together with 
the names already given in, made up a class of twenty students. 


legibility of fhonoobaphy. 
From O, L. Johnson, Caius College, Cambridge. — It might be 
encouraging to such of our phonographero as are harassed with 
doubts as to the possibility or othera being able to decipher their 
shorthand notes with ease, to know that for some time past I have 
taken verbatim reports of Dr Foster's physiological lectures at Cam- 
bridge and not having time to transcribe them myself, I hand them 
over to one of the reportera in tMs town, who transcribes from my 
rough notes without any diflSculty ; all that is necessary on my 
part being to insert a few vowels here and there. So well has he 
accomplished his task that in one lecture, which took upwards of 
an hour in delivery^ and abounding in technicalities, scarcely a 
single mistake could I find when looking the copy over afterwards, 
and certainly none of any importance. I enclose a short article 
on the Hand, which you may think worthy of presentation in the 

Price of the " /oMma/."— In the statement of the price of the 
Jeurnal in our last number, we should have said twelve copies for 
Sd,, instead of ** Sd, per dozen." It is a custom in the book trade 
to give thirteen booKS or periodicals to the dozen, and in some 
cases twenty-five copies for two dozen. We cannot supply thir- 
teen copies at 8^., and hasten to correqt the error, that there may 
be no discordance between our own terms and those of our Lon- 
don publisher, who sells at 9d, per dozen, 'U3 as 12." 

^* Fhonetic Journal** — We shall be glad to receive from our 
subscribera any copies of this Journal for the present year, Nos. 3 
and 4, which tiiey may have, in stock, and to allow i\ill price for 

To Secretaries of Shorthand Writers* Associations. — It has been 
already mentioned that it is desirable that the forthcoming List 
of the Phonetic Society for 1875 should contain a complete list of 
the names and addresses of all Secretaries of Shorthand Writera' 
Associations, for the purpose of promoting correspondence between 
the Secretaries on the best method of conducting such Associations, 
and for the promotion of the Phonetic Reform in general. We 
again call the attention of our readere to this subject, and shall 
bo glad to receive any addresses that have not yet been forward^. 

Errors in the ** Journal,** — A correspondent complains that in 
the late numbers of the Journal several errors have escaped notice 
in the shorthand part. While we regret their occurrence, we hold 
ourselves blameless, in the sense of having done the best in our 
power to produce the Journal this year under very difficult condi^ 
tions, In^the making ready of the Journal for press in a strange 
place, we have been unable to exercise that degree of superin- 
tendence which we can give when it is printed under our own in- 
spection. We hope in future to satisfy our readers on this pointy 

Digitized by ^^UUglC 



6 Feb., 1875. 


How much do we learn of a man hj his ** shake of hand !** 
Who would expect to get a handsome donation or a donation at 
all from one who puts his two fingers to be shaken, and keeps the 
others bent as upon an "itching palm?" How different is the 
impression conveyed by the hand which is coldly held out to be 
shaken and leaps away again as soon as decentlv may be, and the 
hand which comes boldly and warmly forward and unwillingly 
relinquishes its hearty grasp. Sometimes one* 6 hand finds itself 
comfortably tnolosed, nursed as it were between both hands of 
a friend, an elderly friend probably ; or it is shaken from side to 
side in a peculiarly brisk manner. In either case we are instinc- 
tively convinced that we have to do with a warm kindly heart. 
In a momentary squeeze of the hand how much of the heart often 
oozes through the tingers ; and who that has ever experienced, has 
forgotten, the feeling conveyed by the eloquent pressure of the 
hand of a dying friend, when the tongue has ceased to speak ? 
Why do we shake hands ? It is a very old-fashioned way of in- 
dicating friendship. Jehu said to Jehonadab, ** Is thy heart 
right as my heart is with thy heart ? If it be, give me thy 
hand " It not merely an old-fashioned custom ; it is a strictly 
natural one, and as usual in such cases we may find a physiologi- 
cal reason if we will only take pains to search for it. The ani- 
mals cultivate friendship by the sense of touch as well as by the 
sense of smell, hearing, ahd sight ; and for this purpose they em- 
ploy the most sensitive parts of their bodies. They rub their 
noses too;ether, or they lick one another with their tongues. Now 
the hand is the part <if the human body in which toe sense of 
touch is highly developed-; and after the manner of the animals 
we not only like to see and hear our friends, (we do not usually 
smell him, though Isaac, when his eyes were dim, resorted to this 
«en8«> as a means of recognition,) we also touch .him and promote 
the kindly feelings by the contact and reciprocal pressure of the 
sensitive hands. 

Observe, too, how this principle is illustrated by another of our 
modes of greeting. When we wish to determine whether a substance 
he perfectly smooth, and are not quite satisfied with the informa- 
tion conveyed by the feelings, we apply it to the lips and rub it 
gently upon them ; we do so because we know by experience that 
the sense of touch is more acutely developed in the lips than in 
the hands. Accordingly when we wish to reciprocate to warmer 
feelings we are not content with the contact of hands, and we 
bring the lips into the service. A ** shake of hands '* suffices for 
friendship in undemonstrative England at least, but a kiss is the 
token of a more tender affection Possibly it occurs to you that 
the tongue is more sensitive than either the hands or the lips. 
Yon have observed that it will detect an inequality of surface that 
escapes them both, and that minute indeed is t he flaw in a tooth 
which eludes its searching touch. You are right. The sense of 
touch is more exquisite in the tongue than in any other part of 
the body ; and to carry out my theory it may be suggested that 
the tongue should be used for the purpose of which we are speak- 
ing ; it is so by some of the lower animals, but in my opinion this 
organ has work enough to do in the cultivation of expression and 
friendship in its own peculiar way, and there are obvious objec- 
tions to the employment of it in a more direct manner for this 
purpose.—^. M. Humphry^ M.J) , F.R.^, 


Sir, — In the course of my study in the English language, which 
I made now for three years, I afways read your periodically, and 
now think myself capable to write at your Magazin. I lovfe al- 
ways the modesty, or you shall have a letter of me very longtime 
past. But, never mind. I would well tell you that I am come 
to this country to instruct me in the manners, the customs, the 
habits, the policies, and the other affairs general of Great Britain. 
And truly I think me goo<l fortunate, being received in many fa- 
milies, so as I can to speak your language now with so much 
facility as the French 

lam hut a particular gentleman, come here for that what I 
said ; but sinoe I learn to comprehend the language, I discover 
that I nm become ui. object of pleasantry, and for himself to mook, 
to one of your comedians even before' I put my foot upon the 

ground at Douvres. He was Mr Mathew, who tell of some con* 
tretems of me and your word detestable Box. 

Well, never mind. I know at present how it happen, became 
I see him since in some parties and dinners ; and he confess he 
love much to go to travel and mix himself altogether up with the 
the stage coach and yaporing(^) boat for fun what he bring at his 

Well, never mind. He see me perhaps to ask a question in the 
paque-boat — but he not confess after that he goed and bribe the 
garQon at the hotel and the coachman to mystify me with all the 
boxes ; but, very well, I shall tell you how it arrived, so as yoa 
shall see that it was impossible that a stranger could miss to he 
perplexed, and to advertise the travelers what will come after, 
that they shall converse with the gentlemen and not with the 

But it must that I begin. I am a gentleman, and my goods 
are in the public rentes,(^) and a chateau with a handsame pro* 
perty on the bank of the Loire, which I lent to a merchant English, 
who pay me very well in London for my expenses. Very well. 
1 like the peace nevertheless that I was force, at other tune, to 
go to war with Napoleon. But it is passed. So I come to Paris 
in my proper post-chaise, where I soiled him, and hire one for 
almost nothing at all, for bring me to Calais all alone, because I 
will not bring my valet to speak French here where all the vorld 
is ignorant. 

The morning following, I get upon the vaporing boat to walk 
so far as Douvres. It was fine day, and after I am recover my- 
self of a malady of the sea, I walk myself about the shep, and I 
see a great mechanic of wood with iron wheel, and thing to push 
up inside, and handle to turn. It seemed to be ingenuous, and 
proper to hoist great burdens. They use it for shoving the timber, 
what come down of the vessel, into the place ; and they tell me it 
was called •'* Jacques in the Aoa;;" and I was very much pleased 
with the invention so novel. 

Very well. I go again promenade upon the board of the vessel, 
and I look at the compass, and little boy sailor come and sit him 
down, and begin to chatter like the little monkey. Then the man 
what turns the wheel about and about laugh and say, " very well, 
Jacques," but I not understand one word the little fellow say. 
So I make inquins, and they tell me he was ** box the compass." 
I was surprised, but I tell myself ** well, never mind," and so we 
arrive at Douvres. I find myself enough well in the hotel, but 
as there has been no table rf' hdte^ I ask for some dinner, and it 
was long time I wait ; and so I walk myself to the customary 
house, and give the key to my portmanteau to the douaniert, or 
excisemen, as you call,* for them to see as I had no smuggles in 
my equipage. Very well — I return at my hotel, and meet one of 
the waiters, who tell me (after I stand little moment to the door 
to see the world what pass by upon a coach at the instant), " Sir," 
he say, " your dinner is ready." ** Very well," I make response, 
" where was it P" ** This way, sir," he answer, " I have put it 
in A box in the c«/<f room." " Well, never mind," I say to myself, 
" when a man himself finds in a stranger country, he must be 
never surprised. Nil admirari. Keep the eyes open and stare at 
nothing at all.*' 

I found my dinner only there there, (*) because I was so soon 
come from France ; but, I learn, another sort of the box was a 
partition and table particular in a soloon, and I keep there when 
I eated some good sole fritted, and some not cooked mutton cut- 
let ; and a gentleman what was put in another boXy perhaps Mr 
Mathew, because nobody not can know him twice, like a chanoe- 
leon he is, call for tiie ** pepper-*oj:." Very well I take a cup 
of coffee, and then all my hards and portmanteau come with s 
wheelbarrow ; and, because it was my intention to voyage up at 
London with the coach, and I find my many little things was not 
convenient, I ask the waiter where I may buy a night sack, or 
get them tie up all together in a burden. He was well at- 
tentive at my cares, and responded that he shall find me a box to 
put them all into. Well, I say nothing to all but " Yes," for fear 
to discover my ignorance ; so he brings the little box for the clothes 
and things into the great box what I was put into ; and he did 
my affairs in it very well. Then I ask him for some spectacle in 
the town, and he sent boot-boy with me so far as the theatre, and 

1 BeUeau^a-vapeur—tk steam boat. 2 K«ii/««— public ftinds. 

3. Li in signifies passable, indifferent. 

Digitized by 


6 Feb., 1875. 



I go in to pay. It was shabby poor littl« place, but the man what 
set to have the money, when 1 say, " how much,'* asked me if I 
woidd not go into the boxe^, ** Very well," I sav, ** never mind 
__oh yes — to be sure ;" and I find very soon the box was tha loge, 
same thing. 1 had not understanding sufficient in your touKue 
then to comprehend all what I hear—only one poor maiger doctor, 
what had been to give his physic too lo»g time at a cavalier old 
man, was condemned to swallow up a whole box of his proper pills. 
** Very weU," I say, ** that must be egregious. It is cannot be 
possible ;'* but they bring a little box not more grand nor my 
thumb. It seemed to be to me very ridiculous ; so I returned to 
my hotel at despair how I could possibility learn a language what 
meant so many difierents in one word. 

I found the same waiter, who, so soon as I come in, tell me, 
" Sir, did you not say that you would go by the coach to-morrow 
morning ?" I replied, " Yes ; and I have bespeaked a seat out of 
the side, because I shall wish to amuse myself with the country, 
and you have no cabriolets(*)wn your coaches.'* " Sir," he say, 
very polite, " if you shall allow me, I would recommend you the 
box, and then the coachman shall tell everything." " Very well," 
1 reply, '* yes — to be sure — I shall have a box then— yes ;** and 
then I demanded a fire into my chamber, because I think myself 
enrhumed upon the sea, and the maid of the chamber come to send 
me in bed ; but I say, " No so quick, if you please ; I will write 
to some friend how I find myself in England. Very well—here 
is the fire, but perhaps it shall go out before I have finish.*'^ bhe 
wa^ pretty laughing young woman, and sa^, " Oh no, sir, if you 
puU tho bell, ui» porter who sits up all mght will come, unless 
you like to attend to it yourself, and then you will find the coal- 
'box in the closet." "Well, I say nothing but ** Yes, oh yes.'* But 
when she is gone, I look direct into the closet, and see a box net 
no more like none of the other boxes what I see all day than 

Well, I write at my friends, and then I tumble about when I 
wake, and' dream in tne sleep what should possible be the descrip- 
tion of the box, what I must be put in to-marrow for my voya c. 
In the morning it was very fine time ; I see the coach at the 
door, and I walk all round before they bring the horses ; but I see 
nothing what they can call boxt$, only the same kind as what my 
iittie business was put into. So I ask for the post of letters at a 
little boots boy, who showed me by the quay, and tell me, pointing 
by his fiinger at a window, " There see, there was the letter-6oj:," 
and I perceive a crevice. " Very well, all box again to-day," I 
say, and give my letter to the master of postes, and go awav again 
at the coach, where I very soon find out what was coach- 002; and 
mount myself upon it. Then come the coachman, habilitated like 
a gentleman, and the first word he say was, *' Keep horses ! Bring 
my boX'QoeX !'* and he push up a grand capote with many scrapes. 
. *' But, never mind," I say, ** I shall see all the boxe» in time.*' 
80 he kick lus leg upon the board, and cry ** cheat !'* and we are 
out into the country in lesser than one minute, and roll at so grand 

Ee, what I have had fear we will be reversed. But after a little 
es, I take courage, and we begin to entertain together ; but I 
r one of the wheels cry squeak, so I tell him, " Sir, one of the 
theel would be greased.'* Then he make reply nonchalancely, 
f Oh, it is nothing but one of the boxet what is too tight" But 
lis very long time after as I learn that wheel a box was pipe of 
Rm what go turn round upon the azle. 

Well, we fly away at the pace of charge. I see great castles, 
luiy ; then come a. pretty house of country well ornamented, and 
make inqiuTe what it should be. " Oh !" responded he, ** I not 
member the gentleman's name, but it is what we call a snug 
Nntry box'* 

iTben I feel myself abymed at despair, and begin to suspect that 
\ amused himself. But still I tell myself, ** Well, never mind, 
I shall see.'* And Uien a^r sometimes there come another 
kue, all alone in a forest, not omated at all. '* What, how you 

II Uiat T* I denumd of him. " Oh I** he responded again, 
to is a shooting box of Lord Killfot's."— *• Oh !" I cry at last 
i, '' that is little too strong ;** but he hoisted bis shoulders and 
r nothing. Well, we come at a house of country, ancient with 
» trees cut like some peacocks, and I demand, " What you call 
tee trees ?"— **^ojr, sir,'* he tell me. Devil is in the box,'' I 

k The cabriolet U the front part of the old French diligence, with a hood 
l|^n, holding three persons, including the guard, or conducteur. 

say at myself. ** But never mind ; we shall see.** 80 I myself 
refreshed with a pinch of snuff and offer him, and he take very 
pobte and remark upon an instant, ** That is a very handsome 
box of yours, sir.** 

"Morbleu!** I exclaimed, with inadvertency ness, but I stop 
myself. Then he pull out his snuff- ^^, and I take a pinch, ben 
cause I like at home to be sociable when I am out at voyages, 
and not show some pride with inferior. It was of wood beautitul 
with turnings, and color of yellowish. So I was pleased to ad- 
mire very much, and inquire the name of the wood, and again he 
say, ** Box, sir." WeU I hold myself with patienoe, but it was 
difficilly ; and we keep with great gallop till we come at a great 
crowd of the people. Then I say, *' What for all so large con- 
course ?" " Oh !" he response again, ** there is one grand boxing 
match —a battle hereto-day.** ** Peste !"' I tell myself, " a battle 
of boxes. Well, never mind ; I hope it can be a combat at the 
entrance, and they aU shall destroy one another, for 1 am 

Well — we arrive at an hotel very superb, all as it ought, and I 
demand a morsel to refresh myself! I go into a saloon, but before 
I finish great noise come into the passage, and 1 pull the bell's 
rope to demand why so great tapage P Ihe waiter tell me, and 
he laugh at same time, but very civil no less — ** Oh, sir, it is only 
two of the women what quarrel, and one has given another a box 
on the ear.*' 

Well —1 go back on the coach-box, but I look as I pass at all 
the women ear for the box; but not none I see. ** Well," I tell 
myself once more, ** never mind, we shall see ;'* and we drive on 
very passable and agreeable times till we approached ourselves 
near London ; but then come one another co&ob of the opposition 
to pass by, and the coachman say — " No, my boy, it shan't do !" 
and then he whip his horses and made some traverse upon the ; 
road, and tell to me all the times a long explication what the 
other coachman have done otherwhiles, and finish not till we 
stop, and the coach of opposition come behind him in one narrow 
place. WeU — then he twist himself round, and, with fuU voice 
cry himself out at the another man, who was so angry as himself 
— " I'll tell you what, my hearty ! If you comes some more of 
your gammon at me, I shan't stand, and you shaU yourself find 
in the wrong box,** It was not for many weeks after as I find 
out the wrong box meaning. 

WeU ~ we get at London, at the coaches office, and I unlightened 
from my stat, and go at the bureau for pay my passage, and gen- 
tleman very poUte demanded if I had some friend at London. I 
converse with him very Uttle time in voyaging, because he was 
in the interior; but I perceive he is real gentleman. So, I say — 
** No, sir, I am stranger.** Then he very honestly recommend me 
at an hotel, very proper, and teU me — ** Sir, because I have some 
affairs in the Banque, I must sleep in the City this nieht ; but 
to-morrow I shall come at the hotel, where you shall nnd some 

rod attentions if you make the use of my name." " Very well,'* 
tell myself, ** this is best." So we exchange the cardls, and I 
have hackney coach to come at my hotel, where they say—*' No 
room, sir — very sorry — no room.** But I demand to stop the mo- 
ment, and produce the card what I could not read before, in the 
movements of the coach with the darkness. The master of the 
hotel take it from, my hand, and become very poUte at the instant, 
and whisper te the ear of some waiters, and diese come at me and 
say, ** Oh yes, sir, I know Mr Box very well. Worthy gentleman, 
Mr Box. Very proud to inconmiode any friend of Mr box. Pray 
inUght yourself, and walk in my house.** So I go in, and find 
myself very proper, and soon oome so as if I was in my own par- 
ticular chamber ; and Mr Box come next day, and I find very 
soon that he was the right Box, and not the wrong box. Ha I ha ! 
You shaU excuse my badinage — eh ? But never mind — I am 
going at Leicestershire to see the foxes hunting, and perhaps wiU 
get upon a coach-box in the spring, and go at Edinburgh ; but I 
have fear I cannot come at your ** Noctes,*' because I have not learn 
yet to eat so great supper. I always read what they speak there 
twice over, except what Mens. Le ** Shepherd'* say, what I read 
three time; bnt never could compreiiend exactly what he say, 
though I discern some time the graud idea, what walk in dark- 
ness almost *' visible," as your divine Milton say. I am particu- 
lar fond of the poetry. I read three books of the Faradise Losij 
to Mr Box, but he not hear me no more— he pronounce mepone^.|^^ 



6 Feb., 1875. 

Atiur one such compliment, it would be almost the same to ask 
you for another, if I shall make apology in case I have not find 
the correct idiotism of your language in this letter ; so I shall not 
make none at all— only throw myself at your mercy, like a great 

I have the honor of subscribe myself, Sir, your very humble 
and much obedient servant, Louis Le Chbminant. 

P.S. — Ha! ha ! — It is very droll ! I tell mv valet, we go at 
Leicestershire for the hunting fox. Very well. So soon as I 
finish this letter, he come and demand what I shall leave behind 
in orders for some presents to give what people will come at my 
lodgments for some Christmas boxes. — BlackwoocTt Magazine, 


2 Andrews Charles, 130 Staonton street, Landport, Fortsmoath 
t • 2 Andrews Henry, ditto 

1 Barnes Patrick, Oloigow Herald office, Greenock 
t * 1 Barton H. C, Radway station, Onnskirk 

2 Batty W. T., 2 Exeter street, Ardwick, Manchester 

3 Beale W. E., South Brent, Ivybridge, Devon 

t Bower J. Brownhill, Wooldale, near Hep worth 

1 Bowyer T. H., Bank Chambers, Newport, Mon. : solicitor's clerk 

2 Brindle T. B., Brook street, Dalton, Huddersfleld : schoolmaster 

3 Campbell, Dreghom, A3rr8ture 

2 Caws L. W., 8 South Salem street, Sunderland 

2 Chapman P. W. A., 21 Wells street. Poplar, London, E. 

3 Clee Joseph, Five Ways, Cradley heath, near Brierley hill, Staffii. 
3 Cleghom William, 5 Gladstone terrace. South Shields 

t Clement A., L. and N. W. railway. Telegraph department, Trent Valley 

station, Lichfield 
1 CoUman John, 2 Stow hill, Newi;)ort, Mon. : solicitor's clerk 

I Cook B. H. C, 531 Wandsworth road, London, B.W.: auditor and ac- 

3 Dnxfield G. R., 86 Eastbank street, Southport 
3 Dawson J. F., Broughton-in-Fumess, Lane. : postmaster 
3 Dayis George, St Panoras, Chichester : compositor 

I I Edlington J. E., The Gardens, Stoke Bochford, Grantham 

3 Futcher F. S., High street, Andover, Hants : draper's assistant 
1 1 Gower H. F., Stepney Meeting schools, Garden street. Stepney, London, 
♦• 2 Gamett W. H., 7 Cock Pit hiU, Derby [E. 

1 1 Haddon John, Aih house, Bellevue road, Southampton 

I Harper Peter, 274 Mount street, Aberdeen 

I I Hewitt J., L. and N. W. railway. Telegraph department, Northampton 

1 High James, Einghom, Fife, Scotland : oaker 

3 Hinde Frederick, Medical hall, Lye, Stourbridge 

2 Hollingworth R. H. J., 36 Wilson street, Manchester : derk 
t Johnson J. H., 39 Providence street, Plymouth 

1 1 Jones John, Industrial terrace. Bury New road, Whitefleld, Manchester 

1 1 Knight C. A., 9 Marefair, Northampton 

t Laws G. E., 34 Park grove, Battersea park, London 

•♦ 1 Longbottom W. S., 5 Devonshire terrace. Full street, Derby 

I Mallinson W., 9 Warner road, Camberwell park, Camberwell, London 

3 Marten A. E , 9 Clifton place, Brighton : clerk 

t Matthew James, 10 Alma road, Canonbury, London, N. 
8 Matthews Howard, 118 Hart's hill, Brierley hill, Staffb. 

I I MoLelland C. J., Station house, Kilmarnock, Scotland 

1 More WiUiam, 341 Queen's Park terrace, Eghngton street, Glasgow 

t 2 Morris A. V., District Goods Manager's office, G. W. B., Shrewsbury : 

railway clerk 
1 Morris T., care of Mrs Pftny, Kerry road, Newtown, Montgomeryshire 

1 Morrison J., jun., Foulsie, King Edward, Banff, Scotland 

3 Mould John. 3 Russell pi., Brancepeth colliery, WiUington, co. Durham : 

2 Newton J. R., Carrington, near Sade, Cheshire [engineer 

3 Northrop Joseph, Goodson's row, Bramley, near Leeds 

3 Page C. E., Cranfield cotts., Kilkeel, Newry, Ireland : lighthouse keeper 

2 Parker Henry, Withnell. near Chorley, Lancashire 

t Parsons James, 4 Church street, Farley, near Salisbury 

3 Paul E. S., 10 1)ougla8 road north, Canonbury, London, N. : clerk 
3 Peny Thomas, Lezden house, Reigate 

3 Philnps R., London house. New street, Neath : banker's clerk 
3 Phillips W. L.. 33 Wellington street. Swansea: solicitor's clerk 
t Picton J. H., 36 Long street, Walsall 

I PilsbntT Arthur, St John street, Lichfield 

I I Powell James, 13 Ronald street. Gbsgow 
t Rider William, 3 Milk street, Ballhaye green. Leek, Stafib. 
* Rice John, sen^Nappa, Cootehill, co. Cavan, Ireland 

Roberts F. J., Tregasso, St Anthony, Helstoo, Cornwall 
1 Roberts W., 44 Bethesda street, Merthyr Tydvil : derk 
1 Sense Arthur, Chesterton house, Cirencester 
1 Shearer James, 8 Stow place. Paisley 

I Sheriff H. W., Presteign, Radnorshire 

3 Simpson James, Oaxette office. Forres, Scotland : compositor 

t Smith Albert, l^it^r Boys' scnool, Derby : schoolmaster 

3 Smith C. L., Stockbridge, near Keighley, Yorks. : pupil teacher 

I I Southwell H., Telegraph department, G. N. railway, Peterboxougb 
1 1 Street Thomas, 6 Rochfort street, Hyde, near Manchester 

t Thompson T., Downs lane, Hetton-le-Hole, Fence Housea, Durham 
3 Tindle George, 15 MiUtacT road, South Shields 

Alitraiiom qf Addrea, 
Connon James, from Cupar Fife to 15\ Constitution street, Aberdeen 
Newton R. A., from 29 to 90 Burford road, Stratford, Essex 
Standeven James, from St Maiy's terrace to William Henry at.. Lower pi, 


Lettert qf inquiry to the Editor of thi$ Joumalf mutt eoniain a pottage stamp 
or an addreesed poeteardi Every eommunieaiion must be autkeHtieated btf 
the name and addreu qfthe writer , not neeeseari^for publieationf but at a 
guarainiee qf good faith. 

Wanted, two or three members to complete the postal list of the " Yoong 
Phonographer," an everoireulating magazine written in the Corresponding 
Style, now on its first round. Sheets for advertisements, correspondence, 
corrections, riddles, etc.; articles oridnal or selected. No entrance fee; 
annual subscription, 6<^., payable in aarance. Apply, enclosing stamp for 
reply, to Mr W. Crookes, 26 Stamford street, Hulme, Manchester. 

Wanted, four members to complete the postal list of the " Young Student," 
an everciroulating magazine written in the easy Corresponding Style. Ar. 
tides original or selected, sheets for advertisements, oorrespondenoe, riddlei, 
etc. No entrance fee ; annual subscription, 6J. , payable in advance. Apply, 
enclosing stamp or postcard, to Mr W. Crookes, 25 Stamford street, Hnhne, 

Wanted, two or three members to fiU up vacancies in the postal list of the 
" Naturalist, " an evercirculator devoted to natural history and natonl 
science. Apply to Mr G. F. Barker, Abbey walk, Great Grimsby. 

Two good writers wanted to fill up vacancies on the postal list of the 
" Phonographic Compositor" evercirculator, established June, 1874. Com- 
positors preferred. Easy Reporting Style. All paper found. Original or 

mtA».^t,^A ...u-:^!^. ir..«.__^- .i>-. a J . -~l.--_j_A^>._ a J _-— — -_A_ ...wbUa 

now on its postal list eight first-class phonographers. two of whom are in 
some way connected with the press ; typography oeing the principal suliiject 
of its contents. There are pages for remarks, articles, discussion, douMfiil 
words, corrections, etc. The " Phonographio Standard " is oiieolated 
monthly with the magazine. 

A " Banff" correspondent sends a specimen of writing, without name and 


1. Bi brif. Sis iz de 8j ov Telegrafi and Femografi. 

2. Bi pointed. Doa not ger ol round a svbjekt widout 
hitii) it. 

3. Stet fakts. Dm not stop tu moraliz— d&t iz driri 
biznes. Let de rider dm Liz em drimii). 

4. EsQm prefsB, and plvnj dipli intu i^r Bubjekt, lit a 
berld swimer intu a dip river. 

5. If u hav riten a sentent q, (figk partikiilarli fin, kon- 
aider siri^sli about droii) i^r pen ^rm it. A pet Qild \l 
olwez de w^rst 07 de famili. 

6. Kondens. Mek Jmr dat n rialli bav an idia, den re- 
kord it in de Jortest termz posibel. 

7. Wben Hr artikel iz komplit, strik out nin-tenls or 
de adjektivz. IggliJ iz a stroi) lai)gW8J and dvz not nid 

8. Avoid ol bi-flcm laggwej ; plen Aggler-Sakson wvrda 
ar best. Never qz stilts wben de legz wil dm. 

9. Mek Hr sentensez Jort. Everi piriod iz a milfltcm 
at wbig de rider me berld on and rest bimself. 

10. Kit lejibli.— &Z^A:ferf. 

JTo WW £1,000 6reit».— ae Jon Sul sez dat a rraral din in de 
djoses ov Boqester vouQez for de s^bstanjal aki^rasi ov de foldg stet- 
ment : — " An ffld Mr Atwud djd risentli nir Geshvnt. Hi woi about 
SOyirr crld and a baqelor ; rig b»t livig veri kwietli. Hi iz diskyrerd 
tu hav bin de giver ov ol de anonimvs £1,000 qeks. Hi* buks jo dat 
hi gev awe £350,000 in dis we ; £46,000 widin de last yir. Hi hn 
left merr dan a milion sterlii} and nor wil. Mr Atwud iz aed ta hav 
bin konekted wid de Bermi|)ham Atwudx, and tu hav med hii ^^^ 
prinsipali bi glas, A douzand-pound ncrt woz found liig about de 
rmtDi as if it had bin waft peper." 

Digitized by 


6 Pet)., 1875. 




From " ETeningB at HomCi in Words of One Syllable/' hj permia«ion 
of UeMTS Cuaell, Fetter, and Qalpin, Price it. M, 

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{To he continued.) 

Digitized by 




6 Feb., H75. 


lu a rash momoiit O'Shee bad joined tho Ribbon Society, but 


A I 

r~\ \ p 

^); ^ 1 

flaring tallow candles, and the atmosphere was charged with the fames | 

of tobacco and whiskey. When O'Sher .ui e; ,a, the leader of the assemblyi 

by his comrades he wa^ looked upon as a weak brother; f<>r altlionah ] \ 

o — >. /^ " ^ v> I ^ o"'^^'^ 6 was in the act of delirering an inflammatorj opening address : he w 

1 boa nd by the awful oath to do as others did if he were select mI I ct ^ V . \ s .^ « w>^ I ^ 

' , / I '1^ -•^-- <=-^ ^ ' ^ ""^ "^^ ^ ■■■- 

I 7 » ' - — ^^ " "** ■• "^J I surrounded by eager men, all of whom were gasing intently at j 

for the work, he had always held back as much as possible, and | ^.^^ "\ 9 " /<->/ V • ^^^^ ^s ^~^ ^i" 

* S* '^ I o ^ N >P vy® X / I him, men whose strongly marked features were m;i«le more strong i 

, even urged his aHsociates to abstain from acts of violence. He v " — i-p / c \ . _ / i 

Q— >' ^^ y -^" > k~^ ' c L by the excitement of the moment, and men with puny faces, which seemed , 

— \ ' ^ '^ •*^ \ i 

\ to gain strength and character from their surroundings ; there were a I 

for a weak voice such as his to sway the lawless passions wbi<!i wf re \ '\ ^ ^ '/^ ^.^ ^' ^ *\ V 

' ^^' W » /^ o ^-r-^ ^ \ x^ I few there with gray hairs, but the majority were in their prime, men 

every day gaining strength, as Lendrick's plans became more publicly \ v XJ*-/' 'Vy** **"^ /• ^^ \. ^ 

^T^ ' ' T' ^ '^ — ^ ' of whose personal appearance any country might be proud, but who werr 

known; and, besides, one or two evictions had already actually I ( \ ^ ^^ "~ ^ ^/^ ^ 

soon felt, however, that a time was at hand when it would be impossible 

^ " <• r ° ^ ^ r^ % i/ 


taken place. O'Shee was one evening sitting brooding silently 
over the embers of his turf fire, when a member of the Ribbon lodge 

to which he belonged entered, and gave him a well-known sign ; he 
did not dare to disobey the summons, for he knew that a measure of 

at that moment prepared for any act of violence and crime. 



^ ) V At- 

;± ^ ] 

I I 

6^ 1 

V X 

otf J ^ 

I importance was to be discussed that night. His wife, who now never 
I questioned him, saw him leave the house with a sinking heart, but the 

-^^ ^ A ) \ ^, ' ^ - . -^ 

iuortne*^:) of failmg health was upon her, and she could but wait 

v;r V - X . ^ c<^ . /^ o. ) d'< 

patiently for the end. The place where the Ribbon meeting was held 
was a large baru on the outskirts of the village ; it was lighted by two 

The majority of the large assembly were decently clad, and upon every 
face there was visible intense but suppressed excitement. O'Shee's brain 

^1^ " ^ o .^ '^^ V ° ^ ' \- 

grew dix'xy a-s he heard his case brought forward as one of peculiar 
hardship. Perhaps until that moment he had hoped there waa some | 
mistake, and that the new road could be made without turning him 

.ij^ A V <^ ^ ^ ^ .Lr> ' 

out of the home in which several generations of O'Shem had lived and 
died ; but now he could no longer doubt, and he heartily responded 
to the groans which followed the orator's denunciation of the landlord 

..(^.. ^ )^ -> • •V.J. " 

who had been for to many years an absentee, and who had oome among 

Digitized by 


6 Feb., 1875. 



{Key on page 57.) 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


6 Feb., 1875. 



' {Key on paffe 67.) 

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(To ht eonhnutd.J 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 

6 Feb., 1875. 



{Key to (hrreipoHding Sif/U, page 64.)* 
them again only to make their lives more miserable ; then a vivid 
picture of the vengance which must follow drew cheers &om the 
ejEcited crowd ; and finalljp^ the question was put to the vote, and 
it was decided that Lendnck should be tried then and there, and, 
if found guilty, be dealt with according to the utmost rigor of the 
Bibbon law. A court was formed, the delegate was appointed 
president, and the trial began. Witnesses for the prosecution 
were but too numerous, those for the defence small in number, 
and feeble of speech — a few old men who could remember some 
acts of kindness shown to them in former years by the family oi 
the doomed man! But the solemn farce was quickly over. 
Lendriok was found guilty of absenteeism, and of harsh and 
tyrannical conduct and intention towards his tenantry, and con- 
demned to die within a month ; the man upon whom devolved 
the task of putting him " out of the way," as it was called, was 
chosen by lot, and the choice fell upon O'Shee. The usual notice 
was to be served upon the accused, warning him of the fate in 
store for him if he persisted in taking a large portion of his property 
into his own hands, and in the formation of the new roiid ; but 
many voices were raised to object to his being spared upon any 
terms ; he had lived, it was contested, out of the country for years, 
and an example ought to be made of one absentee when the 
opportunity offered. 

[The bailifis came, the furniture was seized, the inhabitants of 
the cot turned out in the cold, the cot itself burnt down, and the 
wife of 0*Shee, almost at death's door, died in his arms.] 

Made quite reckless, half mad, in fact, by the death of his wife, 
0*Shee resolved tbat nothing should now stay his hand; he was 
incapable of reasoning upon what had happened, and it never 
occurred to him that his own obstinacy, and not Lendnck' s harsh- 
ness, had turned him out homeless and wifeless upon the world. 
The evening succeeding poor Mary's funend an indignation meet- 
ing was held in the bam, a threatening notice of a most ferocious 
character, to be served upon Lendrick, was drawn up, one of the 
men was despatched to slip it underlie hall-door of the big house, 
imder cover of the darkness, and O'Shee pledged himself to do his 
work before the week was out. And he kept his word. Terrified 
by the receipt of the threatening letter, Mrs Lendrick prevailed 
upon her husband to consent to an immediate return to England ; 
he did not altogether like the idea of turning his back upon his 
enemies, but for the sake of those he loved he gave way ; and the 
day but one before they were to leave he was walking alone 
across one of the fields near the house, musing, half sadly, on all 
that had taken place since his return to Ireland, and he could not 
conceal fix)m himself that he was terribly disappointed, nor that 
his heart felt lighter at the prospect of going back to his cheerful 
English home. Absenteeism was no doubt a mistake, but a man's 
life was not safe unless he allowed the people to have everything 
their own way. Thinking thus as he walked dong, he fancied he 
heard a stealthy step behmd him, caution had been aroused by 
the threatening letter ; so grasping his stout stick more firmly, he 
was in the act of turning te face the danger, if danger were at 
hand, when his foot tripped in a tussock of grass, and before he 
could recover himself; he fell dead, with a pistol bullet through 
his brain.— i)t^/m University Magatine. 

(Key to Beporting Style, page 66.) 
It was curious to turn from this unconpromising Protestanism 
to another part of the battle-field where a body of fiberal Church- 
men, very able, very earnest, but at present not veiy numerous, 
were endeavoring to defend the union of Church and State with 
very different weapons. They said, in effect, — *• There is room 
for all within the Church, only let us throw open the doors and 
let everybody come in." But to such a solution of the problem 
two thinffs were indispensable ; first, a disposition on the part of 
those within the Church to open her doors, and, secondly, a dis- 

Stsition on the part of those without to enter them when opened, 
ow did the attitude of those who had the destiny of the Church 
in their keeping on the neat ecclesiastical questions of the day 
encourage the hope that they would be willing to enlarge perman- 
ently the baais of Chorch fellowihip P DidtEey not exhibit more 

anxiety to eject those who were legally within the pale than to 
admit those who were without it ? A few weeks ago a Colonial 
Bishop visited this country upon a mission of Christian charity. 
He would not say a word as to the theological views of Bishop 
Colenso ; it would be out of place to do so on such an occasion, 
though he thought nobody could help being struck by the truly 
evangelical spirit in which he had discharged his noble task. 
But what was more to the point was this — that, in the eye of 
the law, and by virtue of a solemn decision of the highest tri- 
bunal in the State, the Bishop of Natal was as much entitled to 
the i^sjik and privileges of a Bishop as any prelate on the Bench. 
And yet at least two Bishops of the State Church of England, 
ignoring if not defying the sentence of that tribunal, had gone so 
far as to inhibit their brother Bishop from preaching a missionary 
sermon in their diocese. And he bad heard this act of sacerdo- 
talism vaunted as a proof of " the spiritual independence of our 
Bishops." No man valued spiritual independence more than he 
did ; but what he did complain of was that a Bishon^-a creation 
of the State, who owed his high rank and position to his connexion 
\rith the State— should seek to vindicate his " spiritual indepen- 
dence " at the expense of the law. Such a display of " spiritual 
independence " came with a peculiarly bad grace from the occupant 
of Fulham Palace and the possessor of a seat in the House of 
Lords. But if the doors of the Church were opened, was it so 
certain that the Nonconformists would accept the invitation to 
come in ? Now as to this he thought they might learn a lesson 
from Scotland. Last year an Act was passed which sought, by 
popularizing tihe principle upon which ministers were elected, to 
bring back the great teUgious bodies which had seceded from the 
Church of Scotland into the common fold. And what was the 
result ? The Free Kirk and the United Presbyterians— the two 
bodies whom it was sought to conciliate — met together to consider 
the Act. These men had had experience of both sides of the 
question. They had learnt to weigh the benefit of State endow- 
ment with the benefit of spiritual freedom, and they knew on 
which side the balance lay. Thej; rejected the proffered boon— 
they rejected it with scorn. Was it to be supposed that the Non- 
conformists of England and "Wales— the spiritual heirs of Fox and 
Wesley, of Charles of Bala and Williams of Wem— would be 
more reatly to surrender their spiritual freedom than their brethrcai 
of Scotland P— that they would be more willing to sell their 
precious birtiuright for the sske of a mess of potage P 

But a new champion of the Establishment had come forward 
with a new argument. Sir William Haroourt, a man whose 
genius and eloquence had marked him out as the future leader of 
a political party— though what that party would be he must be a 
bold prophet who could foretell — had gone down to Oxford to 
proclaim two great truths ; first, that Salvation was of the Whigs, 
and, secondly, " that a man must be a purblind politician who 
did not see that the residuary legatee of Disestablishment in En- 
gland would infallibly be the Church of Rome." That was a 
somewhat bold way of expressing a somewhat timid sentiment — ^a 
sentiment more worthy of the panic-stricken Protestantism of 
Mr Newdegate than of the robust iconoclasm of Sir William 
Hareourt. It was unfortunate, too, for the argument that the 
two portions of tiie United Kingdom, Wales, and Scotland, which 
had always set least value upon Establishments, were precisely 
those in which tiie Church of Rome had scarcely made a single 
convert— outside the peerage. At the risk of being pronounced a 
" purblind politician * he would continue to believe that the same 
influences which were slowly but steadily undermining the power 
of Rome throughout the Christian world— a growing disposition 
to trust rather to the living spirit than to the dead letter, to place 
conscience before authority in the matter of religion, to walk more 
by ffdth and less by sigh^were telling with almost equal force 
upon the union of Chureh and State in England. 

Se Ever Present TTam.— God ia Alfa and CTmega in de grst wwld i 
endevor tu msk Him sor in de litel w^ld ; mek Him d| ivnig epilog 
and 6\ momig prolog ; praktis tu mek Him di last dot at n^t when 
dou slipest, and dj ferst dot in de momir) when dou awskest Ser /al 
di fausi bi sagktiQd in de n[t, and dj Tmderstandir) bi rektifld in de de. 
Sor /al di rest bi pisful, di lebor prosperrs, di IJf pin, and di ded 
glerisi.— Effort*. 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 



6 Feb., 1H75. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; €5q, Jj; Z k, G (j : 
pt^t ^>^l <>a(b<. dead; ekmehtjuJ^*} cokt, jfigt 

Ff, Vv; R(t, ad; Ss, Zz; S J, S 3 
/ear, oalve; breaisA, brea^Ae ; tauoe, sire; «Aip, 

M*m, N n, U g : 

asure : MaiM, noon, eing t 


$ am not mvq ov a traveler, and de rekord ov mi eks- 
piriens Id d4t we wud not okiipi mvq apes, or kontribi^t 
yeri larjli terardz de ami^zment ov de prezent jenereJoD ov 
riderz, bm, nou, wid oor morr trvbel dan it teks tu lol in an 
izi ger, me f^erdel de wvrld at der en Qra^dz, and trarel b^ 
de ed ov buka whideraererer de wil, widout de penz or de 
ekspens ov lerkermerjon. ^e emli tiu j^miz i ever tuk in 
mi liC wid de ekaepjon ov a fi; brif plegur trips tu plesez 
in de Tiainiti ov de metropolia, wer de jvrni tu Lvndon 
from Ekaeter, whig i med forti yirz agor, and de jsrni bak 
agen, whig tuk plea not a fortD^t sine. SLer woz bvq a re- 
markabel diferens betwin de ki^mii) sp tu London in m^ 
il^ful dez and de geii) doun tu DevonJeF az it iz manejd 
at de prezent moment, dat i am indi^at^u kronikel de ttu 
events for de sek ov de kontraat de aferd, and de e?ideua 
de fsrnij ov whot haz bin dvn and iz dmig in de w^rk ov 
prergrea in dia direkjon. 

$ woz a lad ov fiftin when, in de ot^m ov 1811, i left 
mi fader and m^der, hm rez^ded in a kvmfortabel litel 
kotej on de bagka ov de Eks, widin a mil ov Ekseter 
kaitidral, tu aksmpani m^ master, tu hmm [ had bin 
aprentist, and biz niimerva famili tu London. Mi master 
had engejd de herl ov de intirior ov a dsbel-bodid stej-kerg 
for de akomodejon ov himaelf and famili, amountig tu 
twelv personz in ol, inklmdig myself and a domestik med* 
servant. Se gildren, de med- servant, and myself, wer stord 
in de iner kompartment, aloi) wid a mounten ov smol 
boksez and prervison baaketa pild in de senter. $ had 
teken a solem ferwel ov mi perenta and mi elder aister 
beforr livii) de kotej ; b^t on lukig tirfuli from de winde 
ov de kvQ, whil de preparatori ledig woz gorig on vpon 
de rmf, i found dat de had folerd tu de in, ^nabel tu fcrrgor 
de l^kaiiri ov a laat luk. Sb plenli regarded mi departi^r 
from hem az a deaperet adventt^r, and mi az a viktim tu 
advers aerkvmstanaez erver whig nider de nor i had eni 
kontrel. It woz betwin t!& and Iri in de aflernmn when 
de ponderva and avbatanjal vihikel— a aort ov manjon on 
whilz, ov whig i woz an vnwilig tenant — began tu mmv 
awe from de market- plea. It atopt at de hel ov hafa-d^zen 
voiaez befer it had gon twenti yardz — and den tti lagardz 
klimd Tjpon de rmf, and a Jouer ov amol broun-peper par- 
aelz wer ^rem in at de winde, wid direkjonz dat wi wud 
kram dem intu de keg-poketa. Hen de horn blm agen, 
de aika atout horaez hm had 3a in te, pod and grapeld 3pon 
de pevig-atenz, and wi agen got ^nder we, smn inkrisig 
our veloaiti tu de pes ov ftv or siks milz an our. Our kar- 
avan k^t a veri respektabel figv az wi rateld out ov toun 
wid a noiz and din dat brot everibodi tu der derz, and 
drm after 38 a kroud ov vagabond boiz and 73 g felez 
" hmreig " wid de ftil fcrra ov der l3gz. Se ekaitment ov 
de ain, kombind wid de novel and rader agriabel sensejonz 
whig i ferat ekapirienst on ridig in a keg, amn banijt de 
grif i had felt at partig wid mi frendz, and i began tu en- 
joi de rial plesurz ov de i3mi. When wi had got a fq, 
milz from de toun, de plezant rapiditi ov our passj bekem 

konsiderabli modiQd. Makadam az yet had d3n n3lig for 
de keg-redz ; and our we le Irui a hili k3ntri whig wi vier 
kontiniiali asendig and desendig 3pon a trak o? nided 
moist erl, whig our brod whilz brot 3p in masez, and tost 
intu de er bi J3velfulz. Wi genjd horsez everi seven or 
et milz, and wer b3t tm glad 3pon everi okejon, after de 
ferst, tu get out and streg our legz i»id a wok, and kouot 
our insipient bnuzez, ov whig it woz bst toi evident wi 
Jud ig and ol hav a konsiderabel atok tu berst ov er wi 
arivd at our distant destine/on. 

Wi past Irm Teuton Jortli befor S3n8et, and smn after, 
when darknes kem 3pon 3a rader ssdenli, erig tu de setig 
in ov ren, de plegurz ov de transit disapird, and its wez 
komenst. cle gildren, hm had bin dqli bred-and-bsterd 
and den nit-kapt, dropt of tu alip ; b3t de wer ol spidiU 
jerkt intu wekfulnes, bi a jerlt dat nirli sent mi lied Irm de 
panelz, oke3ond bi de keg 83denli folig intu a r3t a fiit 
dip, 3pon de ej ov whig it had bin relig for S3m tim. Qis 
ok3rd ten timz in de kers ov an our. It woz tm dark for 
de driver tu ai de trak ; and, in konsekwena, hi woz kon- 
tini^ali getig out ov it and folig in agen wid a regqlariti 
whig woz eni^ig b3t agriabel. Se rez^lt ov dis woz a 
teribel stet ov konfqson in ddt department in whig i woz 
leketed. cle pil ov pakejez woz started in everi direkjon, 
and tekenz ov sirivs daroej wer odibel in de kligkig ov 
breken glas and de g3rglig sound ov eskepig likwidz. 
Amid de akwolig ov de fritend gildren, de grindig ov de 
whilz, de ^3mpig tugeder ov de l3mberig boksez, and de 
noiz in mi en hed, rezsltig from its invo]3ntari kontakt wid 
de sidz ov de keg, i herd de vois ov mi mistres, kriig out 
in alarm, " Her iz de brandi hotel breken — fil for it, 
Tomas, and tri if i; kan aev 83m ; i put it in de k3verd 
baaket wid de nek atikig out." Biig d38 apild tu, i began 
grepig about in de dark for de brandi hotel. ^ kud Qnd 
ne hotel ; b3t i felt a gild'z neked leg at de botom ov de 
keg, and not widout msg difikslti i puld out y3g Sami, 
hm for ot i n^ mit hav bin smvderd in de rek b3t for de 
informejon ov de breken hotel. ^ handed de litel 83ferer 
tu hiz msder, hm den helot herself dat der woz a tinder- 
boka in de med'z trvgk. ae gerl had tu bi relivd ov a 
k3pel ov infanta befer Ji kud stmp tu 3nlok her tresurz, 
from whig Ji smn predi^st de tinder-boks and a smol lan- 
tern fvmijt wid an end ov kandel. It woz mi task tu 
prekqr a lit, and it woz ne izi biznes. Sali'z flint woz 
wern az round az a pvmp-handel ; b3t it woz Jarp en3f, for 
ol dat, tu nok de akin of Iri ov mi nskelz befer it wud 
kondesend tu yild a aiggel spark. Se lantern woz lited 
at last — aferz wer put a litel in order — de basket kontenig 
de brandi and de b3nz woz rek3verd ; b3t de hotel had 
rezind its kontents tu de hznz, whig wer sati^reted wid de 
fyri flmid. Sami, hm klamord for fmd az amn az hi* so 
dem, et himself intu a stet ov mental konfqson wid haf a 
W3n, and fel aslip. Mi master hot kandelz at de nekst 
atej, ae dat wi wer enebeld tu b3rn a lit ol nit. Tot bi 
ekspiriens, wi kontrivd tu get ligz paktnn a mer travela- 
bel kondijon, and bound de bokaez and baskets doun bi a 

Digitized by 


6 Feb., 1875. 



LI. Rr. 

lull, roar t 

W w. Yy, Hh.— Aa, Hb; E e, £ c; li. Li: O o, O o; 1$ is, ^e; Uu, TUm. $i, U u- 

^^7t jrea, Aay. > pat, alms; p«t, age; ptt, tat: pot, all; tmt, old; put, oose. mjr, now. 

miitqal oblige/on tu ][ stil. On wi jerlted aud j^mbeld, 
mil after mjl, and our after our. Torardz mornii) i fel 
aoljp in mi komer, and drimd dat i woz traosformd intu a 
fut-bol, and woz bii^^ kikt about in everi direkjon bj a 
sworm ov delirss savejez. ^ woz awerk about siks o'klok 
bi de rerrii) and krajig med bi our brod whilz. $ lukt 
out ov winder. Wi wer asendii) a moderet hil — plouii) 
our we Irui masez 07 round graveli pebelz, az big az a 
boi*z fist, I^ig hfif a fut dip vpon de rerd. Az far az de { 
kud rJQ in [der direkjon de sem matirial k^verd de karej 
we. Everi nou and den de horeez stud stil tu rek^rer 
Btrei)!, and had tu bi lajt and qird intu akjon er de wud 
renii de atempt, older an adijonal per. ^nder de garj ov a 
postilion, had bin brot tu asist in s^rmountig de as^nt. 
^ tnk advantej ov w^n ov de stopejez tu get out : de kerq- 
man, findig wi wer awek, rekwested dat az meni ov 38 az 
kud. wud al^t and wok ^p de hil. G[e outs^d pasenjerz 
had olredi desended from de ruif, and wer far in advans ; 
de inaiderz, wid de eksepjon ov de servant- med aiid de 
Jigger Qildren, foled der ekzampel, -and wi ol marqt on, 
glad enuf tu bi relist for a tjm from our swelterig prizon. 
cle hil woz 63m ro^l or ser in legf. and wi had wokt for an 
our after surmount ig it beferr de kcrg ervertuk 38. 

Betwin et and njn in de mornig wi drerv intu Bsi, wher 
wi sted de best part ov an our and had brekfast. and den 
reziimd our J3rni. Wi past Irm several smol tounz and 
vilejez in de kers ov de mornig. and wer ak3mpanid nirli 
de hel ov de wc bi skwodz ov r3nig and tumblig gildren, 
hm found ner difik^tlti in kipig 3p wid de kerg, and tsrnig 
hilz erver hed wuns in everi twenti yardz. W3n raged 
3r<3in, merr klerer. or mm* dcrig dan de rest, kl3g fast tu 
W3n ov de hind whilz, kliroig desperks az a felon klimz de 
tred-whil — fle brod tir glidig f roi hiz handz. Ssm ov diz 
wer jipsi Qildren, hm had bin trend tu diz triks and gam- 
bolz wid a vq, ov ekatrakti^ 4o|iqr a.from travelerz. $ must 
inenjon dat wi had genjd ko'Qman at BbI, and mi master 
woz not in a veri gud temper at biig oblijd tu 83bmit tu an 
ekzakjon ov a Jilig a hed, az k^gman'z gratqiti, for ol de 
insid pasenjerz. 

^ kanot rekolekt, at dis distans ov tim, de ekzakt rmt 
wi p3r8qd. 8.e n\{ keqman simd tu hav a veri niimerzss 
ak wen tans 3pon de rerd. and woz kontinqali stopig tu tek 
3p W3n and set doun an3der, az wel az for de p3rpo8 ov 
te.stig de k3ntri cl at sundri smol hovel-lik inz on de wc- 
-s'id. It woz let in de afternmn bi de tim wi enterd Mol- 
bxrer Forest, and ferr adijonal horsez wer harnest to our 
tim tu drag it 3p de stip as^nt lidig intu it. When at 
legl wi had s3rmounted dehil (de ad»lt8 wokig ol de wc) 
de kerQ woz swrounded bi a kroud ov boiz, gerlz, and y3g 
wimen, hm had bin on de woq for it, wid frej-gaderd n3t8, 
blakberiz, di^-beriz, and wud-stroberiz for sel. 3e driver 
deled a kworter ov an our tu giv dem a ^ans ov a market ; 
and why wi wer krakig nuts and itig de w^d fruit, agruip 
ov jipsiz apird, W3n ov hmra terld de mcd-servant's fortq,n 
forde reword ov a kruked sikspens. When de trafik woz 
orrer wi krakt on agen, and rumbeld alog in de dark wud 

til n^t kcm on. Wi stopt, about ten o'klok, at a pies de 
ncm ov whig i hav forgo ten, and ol alited for 83per. 3.e 
repast okqpid de best part ov an our — de kergman and 
gard S3pig in de sem rmm, at a sid tebel. Wi ol slept 
m3Q beter de sekond nit j de rerdz wer not nir aer r3f az wi 
drm nirer tu L3ndon, and wi had d3n wid de hili ground. 
A ^erd kergman nou asended de boks — de sekond disapirig 
after havig levid hiz tribq,t-m3ni.*. 

When i awerk in de mornig, de kerg woz standig stil, 
widout horsez, in de senter ov a smol toun bilt ov gre stem. 
3e don woz J38t beginig tu brek, not a siggel inhabitant 
woz abrod, and de pies woz az kwiet az a tmm. In a f\\ 
minits de tramp ov horsez' fit woz odibel in de rir ov de in 
fr3nt ov whig wi wer etandig. 3en de solitari ostler med 
hiz apirans, lidig de nq tim ; wbil de wer harnesig tu de 
k^Q. a whit nitkap pretrmded from a kcsment, and a vois 
wid in it grould out, ** Wotson — whcr'z Wotson P" an apil 
whig woz anserd bi de kergman'z, *' Hir, Mr Bel." Mr Bel 
vouQscft ner furder spig, b3t tsmblig out ov de winder a 
kanvas bag, and a b3ndel ov partrijez and a her, widdrm 
hiz whit nitkap and disapird. Wi stopt for brekfast, 
several ourz after, at Bedig ; and der a n3mber ov pair 
market-wimen 83rounded de kerg az it stud redi tu rezq.m 
de J3rni, ol iger tu akomplij an objekt ov 83m importans 
tu dem, and whig objekt kud ernli m efekted bi de kindnes 
ov travelerz prersidig tu L3ndon. Ser biznes woz tu eks- 
Qcnj old hepens for nq, W3nz. or for der ekwivalent vali; 
in silver koin. In &9Z dcz, mug ov de koper koin ov dis 
k3ntri woz ser defest, bi ej and hard \\zb}, dat de " hedz " 
ov hsf de hepens wer hardii disernibel from de ** tclz." 
3.6 ** erld hepens," az de wer kold, and whig konsisted ov 
koincjez antirior tu de rcn ov Jorj de Herd, wer ksrent 
in Lundon e*nli, and kud not bi Ugali tenderd in pcment in 
eni 3der part ov de kigdom. Stil, k3ntri pipel wud tck dem 
fpr de sck ov doiig biznes, and tr3sted in S3g oportqnitiz 
^z wer prezented bi de transit ov konsideret travelerz tu 
Lundon, for de minz ov t3rnig dem intu avelabel kaj. 
Mi mistres parted wid ol her 1ms silver in kompliig wid dis 
benevolent eksgenj, and d4t at legl akomplijt, wi agen 
got 3nder we. 

A fori kergman tuk garj ov 38 at Bedig, and promist dat 
wi Jud rig Lundon in tim for diner, but not ventqrig tu 
menjon de our. Wi wer not destind, houever, tu din in 
L3ndon, az wi wer, at about tm o'klok, desendig a s^t de- 
kliviti widin a fi^ milz ov Brentford (i had mounted outsid 
and woz sitig besid de driver), i felt de k^g sigkig in a 
strenj wc benid mi. Se kergman, bolig out, "Hav a'kcr 
ov 38— wi ar ol erver," puld 3p on de inetant. He fr3nt 
akseltri had brerkeu klers tu de f^r-whil on de rit sid. 
Hapili, az de kerg woz folig, de severd whil fel olser tu 
mit it, and, kagig benid an iron futstep, propt 3p de 
folig bodi. Sis sevd 38 from a rmin3s and perhaps lim- 
brekig kraj. Wi ol a^ted az koj38li and jinjerli az wi 
kud, and tuk Jelter in a ncburig kotcj, wher wi dind, and 
weted ferr ourz 3ntil ansder kerg kud bi brot from Lun- 
don tu kari 3S tu our destinejon. It woz ten o'klok at nit 

Digitized by 




6 Feb., 1875. 

beforr wi desended, at last, at de dorr ov mj master'z hous 
in Olderzget strit, havig spent nJrli ^ri des and tiu D^ts in 
performii) dis, tu mi, memorabel jyrni. 

It konsernz de rider veri Utel tu no- hou it kern tu pas 
dat, for de last forti yirz ov mj lif, i never rivizited mj 
nctiv pies, or iven traveld tu do distans ov twenti milz 
from London, eksept in eksk^rrjonz b^ stimbet ^pon de 
river. It iz en^f for our prezent p^rpos tu stet dat, about 
a fortn^t ager, s^m famili materz, whig kud not bi seteld 
M'idout m[ personal prezens and testimoni, kompeld mi tu 
start of tu Ekseter at a merment's netis b^ de spidiest 
merd ov konvcans. ^ resivd de imperativ mandet az [ woz 
sitii) at brekfast, in de litel bak parlor Behind m^ Jop, a 
litel after et in de mornii). In les dan an our, an omnibi^s 
had set mi doun at de Grct Western Ralwe stejon, whens 
an ekspres tren woz on de point ov startii) tu de kapital 
ov Devon. In tui minits [ had ped mj fcr, and, poketig 
ro^ tiket, woz in tiu merr ksmfortabli sited in a sekond-klas 
karej, wlfer i had a litel legur tu luk about mi, and nert de 
iz and indiferens wid whig travelerz ov de prezent d& 
transfer demselvz from w^n s^d ov de ^land tu de T^der. 
lie enjin stud snortii) and pufig az dor iger tu bi of; b^t 
lediz and jentelmen stud about on de platform, woqig de 
ar^val and sterig ov der Ivgej, widout ekzibitig eni simptomz 
ov hyri or agkzjeti. cle Qaterig gruips, houever, brerk ^p 
at de sound ov de bel, whig rag for a fq, minits wh^l de 
pasenjerz tuk der sits ; partig frendz retard a fii pesez 
and wevd der handz, az a man in a blui i{,niform blui a Jril 
whisel ; and in an instant wi glided of from de stejon wid 
a soft, imperseptibel merjon, ov whig wi Jud hardli hav 
bin awer b^t for de rapid marg bakwardz ov de objekts 
on iq s^d ov 3s. Sum, houever, az de spid inkrist, mi 
sensejonz bekem veri diferent. cle kontinii^s Jril krajig 
kjnd ov sound whig wi karid alog wid ^s— de r^J ov frej 
cr from de apen winder— de drilig vibrejon ov everi lim 
and everi mssel pradiist bj de akselereted merjon— oltu- 
gedcr krieted Bsq a ple5urabel filig ov eks^tment, whig 
woz perhaps rcder inkrist dan diminijt b^ de probabiliti 
ov peril s^jested bj our ret ov prergres, dat [ began tu en- 
joi de trip amezigli. Everi nou and den wi transBkst a 
brij wid a s^den and defenig " Jrag,** or wi Jot past a 
stejon whig simd tu fl^awe from vs on de wigz ov de wind, 
and vanijt far in de rir er [ had t^m tu tvrn m^ bed tu si 
whot had bek^m ov it. cEen wi met an^der tren k^mii) 
tu London, wid whig wi eksgenjd a krajig salmt ov sz^m 
sekondz' dqrejon ; den a toun and nou a vilej nrjt fitfuli 
past, de touerz and stipelz t^rnig demselvz round l^k 
nigrerz, j^mpig Jim Xre. Wiudzor Kasel kem in s^t, and 
suin wi Qrd of Slou wid a '* bag " and a rerr dat werk ^p 
de ekerz from everi brik. Medeuhed and Eedig wer n^iy 
morr tu ^s dan a k^pel ov raketi ekspler^onz, whig wi did 
not kondeseud tu netis. 3en kem a siriz ov ekskwizit 
landskep sineri on de bagk ov de Temz, ol fl^ig past ss ]«ik 
an arer ; and den J3st an our from de tim ov startig, wi 
slakend spid az wi apr^gt Didkot, wher wi stopt for a fq, 
Jort minits, j^st tu giv our [ron stid a drigk out ov de 
psmp, and tu mek a smol eksgenj ov pasenjerz. clig 
akomplijt, wi wer of agen in dsbel-kwik t^m, and in hiif- 

-an-our mer wer Jot doun tu Swindon, havig got orver 
seventi-seven m^lz ov ground in an our and a haf. Pipel 
hav a r^t tu bi hi^ggri after travelig a distans ov seventi- 
-seven m^lz ; se at Swindon merst ov vs got out tu it and 
drigk, for whig wi wer aloud ten minits, kalkqleted tu a 
n^seti, and for whig wi had tu pe, akordig tu a kalk^lejon 
ov mi ern, about ten t^mz de vali; ov whot wi konsi^md. 
From Swindon tu 6ipenham oki^pid twenti minits ; and 
den wi r^Jt, rerrig and belerig, tfroi de tin-mil t3nel whig 
perforets Boks-hil, whens in a fq, minits wi emerjd widin 
sit ov de siti ov Baf, wher wi arivd at ten minits past 
twelv — havig performd a j^rni whig ser let az iterti yirz 
age okqpid a horl de, in ttu. ourz and twenti-Qv minits. 
After a Jort ste at BbI, wi ar Jot ^rui a siriz ov t^nelz, 
and intu Bristol in les dan a kworter ov an our. From 
Bristol bi a svmwhot windig rmt, whig aferrdz ss a vq, ov 
ov de Bristol-ganel and Brijwoter-Be, and inklmdz a fti 
moT stopej.ez dan ar aloud in de erli part ov de j^mi, wi 
wer stimd merili alog tu Ekseter, wher i arivd at Qv-and- 
twenti minits tu Iri o'klok — ha?ig retrest de distans whig 
forti yirz beforr it tuk mi M dez andtm nits tu akomplij, 
wid m3g personal s^ferig and at de risk ov tni nek, in fer 
ourz and Iri-kworterz, everi minit ov whig woz w^n ov 
perfekt iz and ple5urabel eksitment. 

tD Jal liv de rider tu mek hiz en reflekjonz ^pon de kon- 
trast ekzibited in diz tiu jvrniz. If hi iz a stikler for de 
SHpirior merits ov de gud eld timz, hi kan eksersiz hiz 
injenqiti in demonstretig de advantej ov de jvrni bi de 
l^mberig d^bel-bodid famili keg, in de dez ov tinder- 
boksez and kwagi redz, ever dat alog de iron we, whig 
redqsez milz olmest tu minits, and, bi sevig tim and 
sperig fatig, f^rderz de interkers ov sesieti. For mi en 
part, biig a man in biznes, tu hmm tim iz m^ni, i mvst 
konfes tu a filig ov gratiti],d for de impruivment in de 
minz ov lekemejon, whig, in a kes ov kompylsori absens 
from hem, abriviets dat absens tu de Jortest posibel span. 
If de objekt ov a jsrni bi de ple5ur or de toil ov mekig 
it, den it iz serten dat our ferfodorz rializd ddt objekt m^g 
mer ekstensivli dan wi dm ; bst if, on de ^der hand, de 
objekt bi tu get de J7>rni sz^ksesfuli akomplijt, de ab3V 
hesti skegez me ssfis tu Je wheder de med ov de past 
jenerejon or ddt ov de prezent iz de mer ekselent we.— 
Le^ur Our, 

Se Hard. — Ax a rail, it iz de blezir) ^r widin de gret whig invits zb 
tu dro nir tu it on a kerld, blik de ; it iz ddt bj whig do harj haz 
akwjrd de switest and direst ov ol epiiets— de frendli bard. 3e sen- 
ter, olmerst, ov hcrm t'lz, it brirjz wid its veri nem de purest and merst 
lastir) atek/oBz ov l^f. Sor kffzi, sa meri, when our l3vd vnms ar 
asembeld around ; and iven if driri or (jirles when Tjni haz disperst 
dem, stil a fjr is, az Sidni Smi^ sed, " a Ip dir) in a ded ruim ;" tu 
whiq serkvmstans hi ctot its plezantnes mit bi atribiited. 3.e won- 
derer logs for de de dat wil bng him agen tu de bar* hi perhaps *ot- 
lesli left ; de prodigal qjld luks bak regretfuUon de tjm when de hcrmli 
hnri J'elterd him wid de sderz, and msrm3rz, *' Alas ! j am ner logger 
wtrdi tu bi der!" 3.0 har5, I[k everi vder erdli 5in, haz its de; de 
kold and wintri sizon, di^rii) whiij wi sik its Iqnali warm5. Bst 
when de ferst nots ov de kukm ar herd, when de veri er dansez wid 
ple3ur at de kvmig sprii), when triz adorn demselvz wid der lit-grin 
mantelz, and neti^r simz wm gret and bq,tiful diater for Lvv— den 
gud'bj tu de fir-pies and ol dat apertenz tu it ; vp fli de windo-safca, 
out wi rvj, revelir) in de brit sin, wid ni^ l^f in our harts and a kin 
enjoiment ov netiir'z revivip biitiz— an enjoiment whig ia az a nort ov 
prez tu de God ov Neti^r Himself. H!en de liar^ msst slvmber for a 
whjl ; wi tri tu konsil its veri ekzistens, and ofen, on a hot s^mi de, 
wi me Qnd ourselvz wvnderig hou wi ever kud hav bin kold cnvf tu sit 
bi it—" Holand Hous" Bi Fritu^ Mari Likemtin {IdechtensMn^j 

Digitized by V^OO^ l^ 

13 Feb., 1875. 



limtik iamml, 


fkm w mnitaH »ntfbr fkit Depmrtmeid ^t\* Journal, Notiett qfBoercireulaion, 
eU., tkould b4 written ••paraUljffrom Uttert, and marked " Journal." 

BIRMINGHAM. From Jamea It, Bennett.^Thid Birmingham 
Daily Oazette of the 20th January, and other local papers, contain 
a notice to the following effect : — 

On Monday evening a lecture was delivered to the memhers of 
the St Barnabas' Literary Institute in the schoolroom, Ryland st., 
by Mr James R. Bennett, on the " Advantages of Phonetic Short- 
hand/* Mr T. Bridcutt was in the chair. The lecturer said there 
were two methods of representing language ~the pictorial or sym- 
bolic, and the alphabetic. It was to the Utter he wished to direct 
their attention. After giving a brief sketch of the origin of lan- 
guage, he proceeded to speak of shorthand, and said some of its 
systems were very ancient, the honor of the invention being as- 
cribed to Cicero. The principles of Phonography, which it was 
needless to say are good, and comparatively easy of acquisition, 
were next explained. With respect to the advantages of Phono- 
grvphy, it was, the lecturer said, a means to the improvement of 
the mind ; it induced habits of patience, perseverance, and 
watchfulness, for in following the voice of the speaker it was ab- 
solutely necessary to follow the train of thought which ran through 
his discourse; thereby the judgment would be strengthened, the 
taste refined, and the memory improved. It afforded a great 
facility to the acquisition of learning. At the close a hearty vote 
of thanks was accorded to Mr Bennett for his instructive lecture, 
and a class, which is well attended, has been subsequently formed 
for the study of the art. 

As there are manv phonngraphers in this town, it has occurred 
to me that it would oe very desirable if a conference could be held, 
to devise means to bring the subject of Phonography more pro- 
minently before the public. I should like to co-operate in the 
formation of one. 

BRIG HTON. From W, J, X«i<.— The class that I commenced 
the first week in December is improving rapidly. The number of 
members has increased, and all take a delight in the beautiful art. 
* DEPTFORD, 8.E. From W, i>at<?Mw.— Judging from the 
very few accounts which have appeared in the Journal respecting 
the progress of Phonography in this town, (which forms a most 
important portion of the borough of Greenwich, containing over 
60,000 inhabitants,) it seems the art is not so much known as 
mi^ht have been expected from its close proximity to the metro- 
polis. I am giving some private lessons at my own home. 

LEM BE KG, Austria. From George Wright, (late of Boston, 
line.) — Very little is known here of what is going on in England, 
except what people learn from the newspapers, and Phonography 
is entirely unknown. I take, however, opportunities of introduc- 
ing it to the various Professors of the University with Vhom I am 
acquainted. The other evening, after tea, I transcribed some 
phrases from English, French, German, and Polish, into Pbono- 
graohy before His Excellency Graff Goluohowski and the whole 
of the noble family in which I am now living. They were much 
struck with the beauty of the ** winged words," and so charmed 
that it could be used for other languages besides our own, that 
they asked me to teach its principles to my pupil, their son, and 
I intend to begi4flt^th him shortly. 

LONDON. Phonetic Shorthand Writbrs* Association. — At 
the weekly meeting of this Association, held on the 28th January, 
on the conclusion of the reporting practice the President t6ok the 
chair. Mr D. G. Moore read an essay entitled *The Times." 
The essayist divided his subject into three heads : past, present, 
and future. The first division was entered into very fully, and a 
great number of interesting historical facts enumerated. In re 
viewing the present he mentioned several things which require 
reform, and amongst others the English spelling. As to the future 
all was blank; nevertheless he thought that the look-out was 
encoura^K, although dark clouds often appeared. Some very 
Kood criticisms followed, and a hearty vote of thanks was passed 

to the essayist. Mr G. R. Cashfield has undertaken to conduct 
another evercirculator, designed chiefly for the benefit of those 
members who write in the Corresponding Style of Phonography. 

Gentlemen wishing to join this Association are required to prove 
their ability to write Phonography at the rate of at least 60 words 
per minute. 

LONDON. From T, (?. C, Armstrong,— ^einf^ desirous of 
doing something for the phonetic cause, I started a class a few 
weeks ago, which meets at my house on Saturday evenings when 
I am at home. It is rather an awkward night for young men, or 
I could Lave a larger class, as it is we only muster six at present, 
but I am happy to say they are making very fair progress, and I 
hope to send you their names for membership in the Phonetic So- 
ciety as soon as they have advanced a little more. Each subscribes 
for the new series of the Phonetic Journal. 

If you had a kind of introductory lecture prt^pared, which would 
be suitable for delivery at Young Men's (christian Associations, 
etc., I often have an opportunity when staying at various towns 
of speaking for an hour or so. The only subject I have ventured 
on as yet has been that of ** Smoking and its accompaniments," 
and I have had some very good and attentive audiences, with a 
lively disciission afterwards. 

[There is an introductory lecture on Phonography in the little 
book, printed in shorthand, entitled ** A Prize Essay on the Best 
Method of Teaching Phonography."— iS<^.] 

SHEFFIELD Shorthand Wkitbrs' Association. From^. 
Ford, Secretary. — On Tuesday, 26th January, this Association 
its annual meeting at the Mechanics' Institute, Surrey st. There 
was a good gathering of the members and others. After a sub- 
stantial teai» followed by music, etc., the Secretary gave a review 
of the work of the past year, including the faciutes afforded for 
reporting practice, the attendance and number of members, the 
evercirculating magazines, and the improvement visible through 
them in the writing of the members, and the opportunities for 
reading first-class printed Phonography in addition to the writing 
practice, etc. A few alterations and additions were made in the 
Rules. We give exceptional opoortunities for practice, having 
ttvo nights each week, namely, Tuesdays and Fridays. The offi- 
cers and Committee for the ensuing year were then elected. At 
the close a number of new members were elected. The following 
is the programme for the next quarter: — 

Feb. 9— Paper by Mr Samuel Turner ; subject, Shorthand 
Writers' Associations. 
„ 16— Paper by Mr Ford on *« Practice." 
,y 23 — Reported sermon by Mr Famsworth. 
Maroh 2— Blackboard practice. Members to bring difficult words. 
„ 9 — Impromptu speaking. 

„ 23— Reading by Mr Waterson on " Sheffield Manor Castle." 
„ 30 — No meeting. Easter Tuesdav. 
April 6— Reported lecture by Mr Stubbs. 
„ 13— Paper by Mr Glazebrook on " Oxygen," illustrated by 

„ 20 — Paper by Mr Johnson on " Monarchy v. Republicanism." 
„ 27 — Quarterly meeting. 

Reporting practice on Tuesday nights from 7.30 to 8.30, and on 
Friday nights from 7.30 to 9.30'. 


Shall Phonography be taught in our public schools P is the 
question which agitates the educational world just now. It has 
not yet been proposed to introduce Phono^phjr into the schools 
of this city (Indianapolis), but the proposition is so near at hand 
that the journals of the city, both daily and weekly, feel called 
upon to give their opinions on the subject. 

Almost all unite in the belief that the school children are already 
too heavily taxed, and that fewer studies, rather than more, should 
be the order of tiie day. We are no advocate of the pernicious 
evil of the public schools known as ** cramming," yet we believe 
this branch of study might be introduced into the schools without 
detriment. Of the manifold advantages of Phonography as a 
branch of education, there is no shadow of doubt. It is an art 
that combines usefulness with real beauty. It is something that 
every intelligent man and woman should acquire. But this can 
be done more conveniently out of the schools than within them. 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 



13 Feb., 1875. 

Classes in Phonography among the people might be organised and 
Bttccessfully conducted even without a teacher who is roaster of 
the art. The works of Isaac Pitman, the Inventor of Phonetic 
Shorthand, are sufficiently complete to enable the learner to mas- 
ter it, without the aid of a teacher, in a few weeks. We have 
examined the existing systems of shorthand, and find none to 
eqaal Mr Pitman's in comprehension, ease and brevity. It is so 
thoroughly simple that any child of ten years can master it. 

For the benefit of such of our readers as desire to learn short- 
hand, we mention that the only agent of Mr Pitman's books in 
the IJnited States is Mr George Waring, Phonetic Depot, Tyrone, 
Pa. These books embrace a series, carefully graded, to enable 
the learner to advance in a knowledge of Phonography with ease. 
They are inexpensive, and the only teacher necessary to enlighten 
one on the most perfect and scientific method of writing in exist- 
enue. Many persons suppose that only reporters find shorthand 
a necessity, while the fact is, it would be of in/calculable benefit 
to everyone. Parents can secure for their children no more useful 
or practicable accomplishment. Since its invention, 1837, it has 
made astonishing progress, and is largely used wherever the En- 
glish language is spoken ; and promises to beoome the most popu- 
lar means of correspondence. Learn Phonography, both in and 
out of schools. — Indianapolis Detective, 

[As there are three or four variations of our Phonography more 
or less used in America, issued by as many publishers, each claim- 
ing copyright in his own variation, we have for the last three 
years, and shall continue to do so, supplied all American and Ca- 
nadian orders for phonographic instruction books at one-third of 
the published price, plus postage at 1/ per pound. We do this as 
a means of brmging about the use of one system on both sides of 
the Atlantic. By a few trifling and injurious alterations. Mr 
Munson, in his book for teaching his system, has contrived to 
render the writing of his pupils illegible to an English phonogra- 
pher.- Ed.] 

3 Anthoner J. B., 6 Collingwood street. North Shields 
• 2 Arnold J. A., 40 Barlow street, Derby 
8 Bamish E., 33 John street, Bochdale : librarian 

1 B«ok J. Q., 66 Aubrey street, Liverpool 

2 Bemey H. T., 27 Faraday street, Lirerpool 

2 Bishop^H. D., 86 West Derby road, Liverpool 

2 Bond W. W., Haven green, Ealing. London, W. 

3 Brown Miss F. E., 48 Elvetham road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 
8 Boglas D. B., General Prison, Bell street, Dundee : clerk 

8 Burlinson Thomas, Tantobie, near Lints green, NewcasUe-on-Tyne 
2 Burnley J. J., Batley, Torks. : Deputy Boro' accountant 
t Campbell Daniel, Public School house, Lairg. Sutherland 

8 Clarke John, South Tottenham and Stamford Hill station, M . B., London, 

N. : station master 

1 Clarke William, 6 Monmouth street, Sheffield 

2 Collins J. H., Huddersfield road, Holmfirth : solicitor's clerk 

9 Collins T. B., 3 Oxford street, Liverpool 
2 Cole O. R., 29 Shaw street, Liverpool 

2 CrMke William, Eustace street, Paddington, Liverpool 

2 Cronk G., 98 Boundary road, St John's Wood, London, N.W. : clerk 

I Crowe T. H., Birmingnam road, Lichfield 

t Davies T. W., Boyal Marine depot, Walmer : sergeant 

1 Downsborongh Julian, 13 Melville place, Halifkz 

t Eodes T., 7 Folly well street, Bkokburn 

8 Eddy William, jun., 9 Trevenson street, Camborne, Cornwall : telegraphist 

I Byre G. E., 31 Carlisle street. New Wortley, Leeds 

1 EyreW., di^to 

2 Free W. W.. 9 Sylvester terrace, Walthamstow, Essex 
f Gellender John, Swalwell, near Oateshead-onTyne 

t Gibson J. H., St John's place, New Wortley lane, Leeds 
8 Goldingham G. B., Britannia square, Worcester 

1 GK>tt Nathan, East End, Wellington, oo. Durham 

2 Gray Peter, Dalbousie terrace, Perth road, Dundee : clerk 
2 Groves T, E., 6 Leish street, Liverpool 

8 Harrison H., Ferry Hill station, Durham : signalman 

1 Uerrington Henry, 11 Albert villan, Hounslow : clerk in Magisterial Court 
^ Higgins Patrick, Queen's street, Clay Cross, Derbyshire [office 

2 niU Rowland. L. and N. W. railway, Waterloo station, Liverpool 

2 Hunter W. M., 2 Elizafield, Bonnington, Edinburgh 

3 Hutchinson Samuel, The Mall, Armagh : clerk 
3 Jack H. A., 70 Great Clyde street, Glasgow 

2 James W. E., Ebbw Vale works, Mon. 

2 Jerred H. J., 31 First street, Chelsea, London, S.W. : solicitor's clerk 

2 Jowkes Benjamin, 113 Salop street, Dudley 

2 Jones James, 7 Canterbury street, Islington, Liverpool 

•• 1 Jose P. H., New River cottage, Hornsey, London, N. 

1 Laing Alexander, 75 North street, Anderston, Gla-^gow 

2 Li4doll Thomas, 7 Dauber street, Evertou, Liverpool 

2 Little Gilbert, Dreghorn, Ayrshire 

2 Love Alexander, 71 Banelagn road, Dublin 

2 Lvon Edward, L. and N. W. railwa^, Waterloo station, Liverpool 

1 McDwreith John, 3 Salisbury st., Bolton road, near Peel park, Bradford 

1 Macphsil A. D., 63 Glover street, Perth 

3 Maklins S. C. N., 49 Brown street, Salisbury 
3 Marshal] Samuel, 95 New Siffilaad. Peberboro 
3 Miller John, 68 Church street, Salisbury 

t Mitchell G., 11 Langton terrace. Shooter's Hill road, Blackheath, Loodon 

i 2 Moss Charles, 4 Stomford street, Altringham 

3 Morton Hugh, care of Mr Dickson, Merkland place, Partick, Glasgow 

2 Munalow Thomas, 16 Gladstone road, Gkuvton, near Liverpool 

2 Murray James, Courier and Argua offlee, Dundee : compositor 

3 Nicholson Richard, Mowbray street, Sheffield : steel manufacturer 

t •« 2 Page Herbert, 16 Prospect hill, Redditoh : M.R.C.S. Bnglaod, L.8. A. 

2 Park J. S., 11 Eejvinside terrace, HiUhead, Glasgow [Loudoa 

2 Parker Albert, 4 Albert place. Bow, London, E. : cleiic 

2 Parry Richard, 73 Wood street, Birkenhead 

t * 1 Paterson N. G., 6 West terraoe. North Ormesby, Middleabro' 

1 Pearoe Vincent, 48 Sazton street, New Brompton 

t Phillips T. G., 2 Sea View terraoe, Sketty, near Swansea 

2 Potter Thomas, jun., Broomfield street, Smethwick, near Birmingbaon 

* 2 Pratt G. J., Forester street, Derbjr 

1 Pratt John, 27 Tipping street, Ardwick, Manchester : salesman 

3 Rattray E. T., 107 Lochee road, Dundee : dentist 
3 Richardson Miss Anne, 3 Jane street, Workington 

2 Roberts Jamee, 23 Avenham road, Preston : clerk 

2 Robertson Al^d, 11 Milton road, Tranmere park, Birkenhead 
1 Robisher Reuben, 20 Princes street, Southpori 

1 Sampson James, 26 Adelaide street, Croydon 

3 Sawden William, care of Mr Tassell, 23 High street, Bridliogton 
t Scbolefleld J., 46 Jack lane, Leeds 

3 Soott Frances, 13 Union North terrace, Newcastle-on-Tyne 

2 Sim W. F., 2 Crown place, Crown street, Liverpool 

3 Smith Mrs W. B., 20 Carpenter road, Edgbaston, Birmingham 

1 Smith Sidney, 5 Gloucester crescent, Gloucest«r road, Cheltenham: clerk 
3 Smith T. Fison, Forby hill, Enfield, Middlesex 

3 Spender Henry, 27 St Edmund's Church street, Salisbury 
3 Starr W. H., Castle street, Armagh : clerk 
3 Stephens J. H., 3 Tything, Worcester 

2 Stephenson John, 6 DobMn street, Scotswood road, Newcastle-on-Tyne 
t 1 Stokes Henry, 98 Cowick street, St Thomas, Exeter 

3 Strong William E.^yron street. Workington 

t Stuart C. E., New Hampton roaa, Whitmore Reans, Wolverhampton 
3 Svkes G. H., 126 Snnny bank, Mossley, Manchester 
2 Taylor Samuel, 17 Union street, Liverpool 
2 Thompson J. H., Silvester street, Liverpool ' 

2 Thompson J. H., 26 Chatsworth street, Li verpocA 

* 1 Thomson D. G., 6 Rutland place, Edinburgh 

3 Turner C. P., 3 Wellington terrace, St James's road, Croydon 

t * 1 Underbill William, 146 Speke road, Battersea, London, S.W. : derk 

2 Waddell A., 101 Great Western road, Glasgow 

3 Warren C, 66 and 67 filaokheath hill, London, S.E. 

2 Watson H., jun., 29 Higher Banam, Blackbam : blacksmith 

1 Webster H., 10 Hemming's row, St Martin's lane, London, W.O. 
t Wilkinson Moses, 24 Ovenden road, Halifax 

1 1 Williams Harrr, 43 Hope street, Wrexham : solicitor's clerk 

3 Wilson John, Abbey street, St Andrews 

t Wilson William, 16 Commercial street. East Hartlepool 

2 Wray P., 24 St George's terr^ Fort rd., Bermondsey : wine cellarman 

3 Young W. B., Mayo prison, Castlebar, Lreland : at school 

AUtraiions qf Addret$, 
Bowie James, /irtm 14 Avenue street to 41 Lainsbaw street, StewartoD 
Gillard W. H. Q.^Jhm 41 Lee street to 17 Upton road noHh, Islington, N. 
Perks P., Jrom 6 Hurst street to 20 Percy terrace, Shakespeare rd.. Lough, 
borough junotion, London. 8.B. [As we are so near upon the pnblioa> 
tiou of the 1876 List of the Phonetic Society, we do not, as a rule, insert 
Alterations of Address during this month.] 

Wanted, a few more members to complete the postal list of the *' Qood 
Templar," an evercirculator devoted to tne spread of temperance. It is in 
two parts, each circulating in about a month. Entrace fee, 1/6 ; subscrip. 
tion. 1/ ; ladies free. For farther particulars apply, enclosing stamp to the 
conductor, Mr W. H. Quick, 34 Eccleston street, Presoot. 

Wanted, a few^ phonographers for an evercirculator called the " Phono* 
graphic Gem," circulating once a month, a phonographic periodical acoom> 
panyine it. Articles origmal or selected, in the Corresponding Style. All 
paper found. No entrance fee ; subscription, 1/6 per annum, in advance. 
For further particulars enclose post cara or stamped envelope to the con- 
ductor, Mr M. W. Woodward, 60 Woodville terrace, Breck road, Everton 
Liverpool, N. ' 

A few more members wanted for a first-dess magasine, callad the " Ama- 
teur Reporter," which contains reports of lectures, sermons, etc., taken 
down by <the members ; also original or selected articles, discussions, and 
outline sheets. Circulates all the principal lithographed magazines. Annual 
subscription, 1/6. Apply t« the conductor, Mr Thomas Crookes, Arthur st 
St Helens. ' 

Mr J. B. Morgan, 30 Severn street, Welshpool, will be glad to correspond 
with any phonographer in the Corresponding or easy Reporting Style of 
Phonography on any general topic. 

Bir A. A. Welland, 6 Commercial place. Lower road, Rotherhithe^ London 
S.E,, wishes to corespond with a phonographer of his own age (16), in the 
Corresponding or easy Reporting Style of Phonography. 

a>rr«c«oii.— Page 4t4, column 1, line 6 from bottom, for Baokler read 
Tuokley. ' 

Digitized by 


13 Feb., 1875. 



Everi student ov de " FomograBk Tiqer " hm haz red 
and riten dcrfrom de irX bqtifulhimBatri bitted tu Androi 
Marvel wil bi glad tu n^ inerr or dis •* inkor^ptibel 
komoner." In de Literari Wifrld for 4t Desembef wi 
Qnd de folorig revi^ ov a nq, historikal rerm&ns entjteld 
•• Andrm Marvel and his Frendz : a Storri ov de Sij 
ov H3I," bi Mari Sibri Hoi {Marie Sibree Hall), p^blijt 
bi Klark and Eer., Flit strit, pr^s 6«. 

It woz a hapi lot tn mek de l^f ov d4t nerbel patriot, 
Andrm Marvel, de svbjekt ov a novel, espejali in Bsq an 
ej az oar em, when tn sek^r an odiens it iz morr dan ever 
nesesari ta kast in dat alcarig form eni me^ej wi wij tu 
konve tu de pvblik. Marvel iz rekogn^zd on ol handz az 
a man ov distiggwijt intelektual pouer and hi moral W3r(^ ; 
b^t de majoriti ar kontent tu tek dis vi^ ov hiz karakter 
on trvst, and meni ekatol hiz nam hm hav never red biz 
w^rks, and hm hav b^t a s^t akwentens wid hiz histori. 
Nirli a hundred yirz hav elapst sins a kompllt edijon ov 
hiz ritigz ijq,d from de pres, and diz ar nou b^t litel red, 
hiz prerz wvrks espejali, az woz ser log de kes wid derz ov 
hiz grat kontemporari and frend, Jon Milton, havig bin 
aloud tu sigk intu olmest 7ter neglekt, 69 for dem, wi 
beliv, der m^st k^m a de ov rez^rekjon, in whig de wil 
bi Huiversali aksepted az formig a prej^s part ov de 
standard literatiir and histori ov our k^ntri. N9 w^rdi 
biogra6 ov Marvel haz yet bin riten, de atempt dat woz 
mad in dat direkjon in 1832 bi a Mr Jon Dvv biig a 
melankoli felq.r dat sertenli dezervd de fent prez besterd 
vpon it bi Mr Henri Eojerz in hiz briliant ese in de 
Edinhnn^ Beoii, In diz serlrvmstansez, wid hiz ritigz 
wel-ni a sild buk tu de IggliJ p^blik and hiz biografi 
remanig yet tu bi riten, a servis iz renderd at wvna tu hiz 
memori and hiz k^ntri bi de skilful konstr^kjon ov a tel 
in whig hi iz mad de sentral fignr. Wi me rizonabli ind^^lj 
de ekspektsjon dat louzandz wil in dis we bi led tu dezir a 
fvrder and fuler akwentans wid de man, whens wil sprig 
Tsp a demand for de wsrks whig hav bin permited tu sigk 
out ov sit, and for a fuler and merr ebli ekseki^ted biografi 
dat eni dat haz yet bin prordi^st. 

Ms Hoi haz not mirli riten an atraktiv tel. Her buk 
riali kontenz a felful p^rtret ov de historikal karakter Ji 
haz Qerzen for her hirer — iz, in wvn sens, a biografi ov 
Marvel, ekseki^ted wid strikt ijdeliti tu trml, and prezentig 
de frmt ov dilijent reserg amvg ol de avelabel sersez ov 
informejon, az wel az ov an independent st^di ov de dark 
piriod ov our najonal histori in whig de patriot prezer?d 
Tnisvlid dat integriti az a witnes for de trml whig, iven 
merr dan hiz splendid intelekti^al gifts, meks hiz nem W3n 
dat ot tuheld bi da IggHJ pipel in everlastig remembrans. 
Whil wi, dcrferr, welksm Ms Hol'z buk on de ttuferld 
ground ov its biig at wvns a kleverli-konstrvkted sterri ov 
IggliJ Ijf in de seventinf senti^ri and a felful perrtreti^r ov 
wvn ov de m^st il^strivs ov our IggliJ wvrdiz, it haz an 
aded vain in our iz from de herp it inspirz dat it wil bi de 
minz ov awekenig a ni{, interest in de karir and de ritigz 
ov Andrm Marvel. From diz pejez meni ov de rizig 
jenerejon, wi kanot dont, wil deriv de impels tu mek dem- 
selvz beter ak wanted dan der faderz wer wid ol de ditelz 

ov a lif whig j^stli emd for de man hm livd it de nam ov de 
'* BritiJ Aristidiz," and ov whig it haz bin wel remarkt 
dat it Jedz a redimig lister on W7n ov de merst somber 
psjez ov de analz ov Iggland. ^or wil de riderz ov dis 
^armig nUm bi kontent wid tresig ol de lidig insidents in 
MarveKz karir. He wil ge tu de nvbel prerz esez in whig 
Marvel vindikets de gret prinsipelz ov our konstitqjon, 
and plidz for sivil and relij^s liberti wid an elokwens whig 
ernli Milton kud eksel ; and tu derg peemz in whig wi si 
de ttnion ov tender filig and a rig and grasful fansi wid a 
plezant i^mor whig remindz 7S ov Sidni Smil, and a kos- 
tik pouer olmerst ikwal tu d&t ov Swift ; hmz stil, indid, in 
its nitnes and vivasiti, simz tu hav bin modeld on d&t ov 
de witi Fi^ritan. If our antisipsjon Jud bi veriQd, Ms 
Hoi wil hav ript a rig reword ; for it iz ner ordinari servis 
tu a nejon tu reviv de memori ov a lif and de popq,1ariti 
ov ritigz dat ar ful ov nerblest inspirejon alik for de intelekt 
and de hart. 

He erpenig gapter intrGrdq,8ez 78 veri plezantli tu de pik- 
tqresk aid toun on de H^mber, whig de w^rld ^igks ov 
gifli az de pies whig Andrm Marvel reprezented in Parli- 
ment, and in whig Wiliam Wilberforrs woz born. Wid a 
fq, grafik tvgez, merr efektiv dan ol de mvltitqdinTTS ditelz 
ov de Driasdissts hm kompil lekal historiz, de eksternal 
aspekts ov H3I ar set befcrr 7s az de wer sin bi doz hm 
livd der, or hm ped it a fliig vizit, in de trsbeld timz — wi 
kanot kol it de reu — ov 0arls I. 

He feder ov Andrm Marvel woz Rider at Triniti €^7rg, in 
H3I. Hi iz deskribd 1^ Fuler in hiz ** Wwdiz " az ** a 
merst ekselent priger, hm never brergt whot hi had nii- 
brmd, bst prigt whot hi bad pri-stiFdid svm kompetent tim 
he^or, insQrm9<} dat hi woz wvnt tu se dat hi wud kros de 
komon proverb, whig kold Saterde de wsrkig-de and 
Msnde de bolide* ov prigerz; anddto lesonz ov de pulpit 
hi enferrst bi de perswesiv elokwens ov a dev<3rted ^f." 
His W3rdi man wi ferst mit on de iv ov de dad kalamiti 
whig left hiz gildren faderles. On de TSder sid ov de Hvm- 
ber, at Barton, livd a ledi hm had amernli doter, hmm Ji 
kud skersli ber tu bi out ov her sit ; hist on w^n okeson 
Ji s^ferd dis doter tu vizit H3I, tu bi prezent az sponsor 
at de baptizm ov W3n ov Mr Marvel'z gildren. He da 
after de weder woz tempestq^s, and on rigig de river'z sid 
de batman endevord tu disswed her from krosig. Mr 
Marvel aded hiz importqnitiz tu de arguments ov de bat- 
man, b?$t in van. Findig her infleksibel, hi terld her dat 
az Ji had ink^rd dis peril tu oblij him, hi felt himself bound 
in onor and konjens not tu dez^rt her, and de embarkt tu- 
geder. He bert woz vpset, and berl wer lost. His soroful 
insident iz de men ^im ov de sekond gapter. 

Marvel rils a leter tu Milton, in whig wi Qnd dis grafik 
skeg ov de rival prigerz ov H«l : — 

" Jon Kan ^Canne), de independent parson, wil perhaps 
bi nem tu q, bi fem ; hiz literari leborz in Auisterdam hav 
olredi given him a nem amvgst skolarz. Hi iz w^nderfuli 
popi^lar hir, and hal ser gend de fcvor ov Kernel CFverton, 
dat hal letli bin apointed gaplen tu de garison, in adijon 
tu de garj ov till g^rgez. He ferst tim j so dis reverend 
skolar hi woz prigig in de strits, and i kud not bst ate tu 

Digitized by 




6 Feb., 1875. 

lisen, hiz person and manerz wer ser strikig. Hi kindeld 
83Q a flem ia de harts ov de bistanderz, dat hi n)[t hav led 
dem wher hi wud. H^I wil ne?er yild wh^l Joo Kan hfil 
a Yois tu kvi in her strits. 3e Tsder priqer, Master Jon So 
^Shawe)» q me n& personal!, for hi hal meni frendz amsgst 
de Parlimentari liderz, and hal ak^mpanid dem on asm 
important komijonz. Hiz svferigz hav bin gret, and hiz 
l^f ful ov visisiti^d. Meni t[mz hi hai eskept del b^ h^dii) 
in strenj plesez, hiz hous hfil bin pilejd, and wsns when 
hi and hiz w^f fled tu Hsl, Ser Jon Hotham refi^zd tu let 
dem in, and d^s de wer agen Iran in de enemi'z pouer, tu 
endt^r fvrder persekqjonz. ^ ajuir \\, Hotham'z nem iz 
not sevori in de toun hi gvvernd and wijt tu bet re. Strenj 
tu se, diz tuL gud parsonz div[d wvn 8ai)ktqari betwin 
dem, for de parij qTsrq hal bin wold t^ p in de senter, and 
Master Ean lidz de dererjonz ov de Independents in de 
^ansel, and Master So derz 07 de Prezbiiirianz in de uev. 
Sis bildig hal pekqliar atrakjonz for mi. ^ Ivv de yeri 
stornz derof, for ro^ dir fader wvns ministerd hir ; and ol- 
der hiz restii)-ple8 iz 3nnern, hi bilt hiz monq,ment wh^l hi 
livd in de harts ov hiz hirerz." 


ae Dqk ot Kembrij at a risent Siti bagkwet, med de 
folerig aserjon, — a held wyn, iven for-a seldier, — " Ser 
kan bi ner moral pouer ^nles q, hav fizikal pouer tu svperrt 
it." Hi vrjd dat *' de ti£i serTisez," de Armi and de Nevi 
wer nesesari, " not 9nli tu Qt qr batelz when Qtii) iz re. 
kw^rd, bst tu giv q d4t moral influens and d4t moral s^perrt, 
widout whig nor nejon kan posibli bi gret." 

Older diz- stetments wer loudli qird b[ de k^mpani 
prezent, de ar strenj li inakordant wid de histori h&\ ov 
nejonz and indiridqalz. Tu begin wid our ern kvntri — 
Kan it rialli bi aserted dat de preponderetig moral influ> 
ens whig Gret Briten haz a tend, amsgst de nejonz or de 
wvrld iz 9ig menli tu her armed ferrsez P If ser, hou kvmz 
it dat her influens iz S9 myg m'err dan d4t ov nejonz 
pozesin inkomparabli greter armaments P Rsjia, wid her 
tta mifion Iruips, iz far les influenjal dan Jjggland wid her 
kworter ov a milion. VikteriT^s Jermani, wid her twelv 
hvndred louzand sddierz, manifestli d^z not enjoi an 
ikwal pies wid Briten in de respekt ov de wvrld, az a herl. 
Nider d^z Frans, wid her milion or m<yr 9uder armz. 
Whot den iz de rial sikret ov Iggland'z gretnes P Did 
not Kwin Vikteria giv a msQ w^zer repl^ tu dis kwestion, 
wvns adrest tu her b^ an Afrikan gif, dan d4t given b^ de 
Di^k ov Kembrij. Si held out tu de kwestioner a kopi ov 
de B^bel, impl^ii) dat dat, and d4t menli, woz de rial sikret 
ov najonal gretnes ; b[ komplians, at list on a konsidera- 
bel skel, wid its prisepts ; hi eforts tu prom^lget its dok> 
trinz Inu a vast mijonari aktiviti ; and b^ dat komerjal 
s^kses whig iz larjli konsekwent 9pon a verti^vs and in- 
d7^8tri3S l^f in harmoni wid skriptiiral ticii)z. 

Yes, it iz de Bibel, rader dan de Serrd, ' whig givz rial 
moral influens, komandii) and permanent pouer in de 

3e smol k^ntri ov Holand f^rnijez an^der str^kig ek- 
zampel in point. In de dez ov her marvelss strvgel wid 
Spen. de later wilded de serrdz ov haf Urorp, and komanded 
de tresurz ov ttu w^rldz. Yet de fq, desp^zd " Begarz," 
wid der B^belz and der onest konjensez, eventqali bekem 
yikt^rivs ever ol de lijonz ov Spen, Jermani, and *' de 

Indiz." It iz trm dat Holand i\zd ferrs. Bst de later 
woz ser inflnitesimal in its pr^perrjon tu de fizikal forrs at 
de komand ov her adversariz, dat de si^premasi ov her 
moral pouer, az de vltimetii kontrorlii) and viktoriss in- 
fluens, dsz not admit ov a kwestion. 

8^en der woz Pensilvenia. When ol de vder Norl 
Amerikan Koloniz wer aktivli armir) demselvz agenst de 
w^ld Indianz, — and getii) kontiniiali skalpt and tomahokt 
notwidstandig,— de 3narmd Kwekerz ov Pensilvenia, wid 
n^der forrts nor trmps, traverst der forests in perfekt sefti 
snder de prertektii) influens ov de pasifik polisi ov Pen 
terardz de ludianz. For seventi yirz a remarkabel degri 
ov serjal order and pretekjon woz enjoid in de koloni, wid 
ner sder wepon tu enfcrrs de lo dan de ksntstabel'z siaf. 

When de Dq,k ov Kembrij sed dat "der kan bi ner 
moral pouer vnles y\ hav fizikal pouer tu ssperrt it," hi 
mvst hav bin olser remarkabli oblivivs ov de gret pouer 
whig revolmjon^zd de siviljzd W3rld after de advent ov 
Kr[st. Hi and Hiz Aposelz and der folererz, pmr and 
^narmd, ssbdqd tu der swe de m^tiest Empir de W3rld 
ever so — bj piirli moral influensez. Az Lord Makoli has 
elokwentli oDzervd :— ** It woz beferr Diici^embodid in a 
hitman form, wokii) am^r) men, partekii) ov der infermitiz, 
linii) on der bmzomz, wipii) erver der grevz, slvmberig in 
de menjer, blidig on de !^ros — dat de prejudisez ov de 
Sinagog, and de douts ov de Akademi, and de pr[d ov de 
Perrtike, and de Serdz ov Rerti Lijonz wer hsmbeld in 
de dsst." 378 histori, bol relij^s and sekqlar, meat kon- 
klmsivli refi(ts dis vngarded aserjon ov de Komander-in- 
6if tu hiz fistig frendz. 

B^t hi folerd vp dis stetment b; anvder, bel karakt«r- 
istik and omin^s. Hi terld hiz oditorz and Irm dem de 
neJon, " If \\ wij tu hav a qip armi q. m^st hav konskrip- 
Jon ; bvt if q, dui not wiJ tu hav konskripjon, q mvst mek 
T^p qr m[ndz tu put i^r handz in qr pokets." Agen and 
agen, ov let yirz, Igglijmen hav ** put der handz in der 
pokets at de bidig ov diz militari alarmists when de bar 
eksklemd " On\\ giv vs ser meni milionz dis t^m, and tt Jal 
hav a riali efijent armi and nevi." Repitedli de importi|net 
rekwest haz bin kompl^d wid. Bepitedli hav Aliniaterz 
ov Stet terld de k^ntri dat der armaments wer riali efijent. 
Bvt, neverdeles, az ofen hav de panik-mvggerz agon reni^d 
der kri ov " Ins»Jent— mcrr ra^ni yet. A f\\ milionz 
fsrder and u Jal sj whot wi wil dui wid dem." It iz de 
everlastig krj ov de hors-liq "Giv, giv, giv!— Dip i^r 
handz in \\r pokets. Agen send round de hat for vs pmr 
serldierz and selerz, — or rader, for 38 de ofiserz, for 38 
de ionqmerabel and 8tiperflu38 jeneralz, ksrnelz, and 

S-sq demandz ar pozitivli impqdent sor smn after de 
stetments in de Hous ov Komonz lastyir az tu de efijenai 
ov BritiJ armaments. And de ar de merr odej^s in de l^t 
ov ol risent Hrepian histori. Everi k^ntri dat haz lisend 
tu dis rulings kr^ ov " Tnjst tu de swd," haz biterU eks- 
pirienst its folsiti, in sp^t ov enormia armaments. Pr^Jia, 
tiu jenerejonz age^, lisend tu it, and larili inkrist her armiz 
and her militari ekzerjonz. He rez^lt woz, her rutin at 
Jena. K^Jia bekem a vast kamp, and woz defited in de 
Kr^mia ; her grand saldier-qif^en, Kikolas, djig brerken- 
•harted. Ostria belivd it, and ferst lost Itali, and den 
woz kr«Jt in de " Seven Dez' Wor " at Saderwa. Frans 
adopted de ad vjs, 7nder de ferst Naperl ion: Ji, tai» bekwn 
a kamp, and ript de rezslt at Woterlm. Agen, Ji woz 
diipt b| militari tempterz snder de sekond Emp^r, and (Se 
Tjpjot woz— Sedan and de Jerman oki^pejon. 

In de fea ov ol diz ligz, me Igglijmen not bi ser 9nw^z$ 
krediilss az tu bi agen dqpt intu pitfolz, iven b| svq a 
wel-ped BCfldier az de Boial Diik.— JSero^ ov Fu, 

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13 Feb., 1875. THE PHONETIC JOURNAL. 65 


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The purest, the highest, the strongest tie thst exists in Nature, is the 
lore a mother bears her child. The mother loves her baby 

' ^. ^ s r r, ^ ^ . 

with the intensitj of her whole soul, when it is anything but 
loreable to others : a little misshapen thing — the human form 

indicated rather than developed— a toilsome, tiresome, plaintive lump 

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of mortality— eeci^ped from one grave only to be prepared for 

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day and night, this little casket of an iounortal spirit, that looks 
inquiringly forth from its crystal windows, and drinks in knowledge 
to be revolved within the silent chamber of its mind, clings to its 
mother by an instinct that at once teaches it the power and 
tenderness of her all wondrous love! With creatures of inferior 
kinds, carefiilness and tenderness for their offiipring pass away when the 
necessity for care is at an end; but (true reading of the inunortality 

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of purest love!) the mother's interest in her child endures unto the 
last. If the course of Nature is reversed, and the grave is heaped 

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above the child, leaving the mother's eyes to be closed by strangers. 

with what ever* living tenderness does she not weep for that which 
cannot be agMu — only finding consolation in the hope of the hereafter 
that reunites I 

It is hard to imagine a selfish mother ; but when such there is. 
Nature shrinks with horror from her own miserable creation. All 
who saw Catherine Sidney and her infant said it was the most beautiful 

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sight to see so young a mother with so charming a chfld. The 

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baby was certainly the perfection of what babies can be : it was very 
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large ; and — greatest of all comforts 1 — generally closed in very sweet 
and happy sleep ; for the little creature's mouth was graced by a quiet 

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smile, and she never cried — at least, so everyone said. Catherine 

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put the large doll (laid by on her marriage) and her baby into the 
same cradle, just, as she said, to pussle *' their p^a ! " 

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Mrs Sidney's young days were spent most happily. Her mother. 
Lady Anne Oaskill, had said Catherine was too young to be permitted 

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a voice in the matter ; that she never had even a playmate except 

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her cousin Arthur; and that as he was four years younger than 
she was, there could be no lore there. This was all true ; and Catherine 

/• \ 

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13 Feb., 1875. 



{Key on page 69.) 

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{Key to Corruponding StjfU, page 60.) 
loved her husband with a passive, obedient feeling, very delight- 
ful to a kind, anuable, thoughtful man, who desired to find his 
wife* 8 opinions and tastes running in the same current as his own. 
He was very fond of, and very proud of the young beauty ; and 
though sorely disappointed that the baby was a daughter, as a large 
portion of property depended on a son, he received the litUe stranger 
as affectionately as its mother could desire. Soon after the birth 
of the little Eate, ihe day his wife completed her eighteenth year, 
Mr Sidney was killed by a fall from his horse : it was the first 
sorrow she had known — the very first— and its suddenness added 
to her grief. He had kissed her so tenderlv but an hour before ; 
and was thrown by a horse he was breaking for her use. She could 
hardly believe in the reality that she was to hear his voice no 
more : she hoped she had made him happy ; and yet she accused 
herself of a thousand neglects — which he had never felt. 

She traced in her infant's features a resemblance to him whose 
memory she really loved, and she devoted herself to her child with 
such entireness of service, that her mother assured her she forgot 
her own dignity in ministering so continually to her infant. But 
the yoimg widow had more than she was aware of to thank her 
husbjEind for: the feelings and observation of his thoughtful 
earnest nature, had corrected whatever was careless or unthinking 
in her habits ; and his loss had enshrined his wishes in her heart. 
She remembered and cherished all his expressions and his desires, 
and derived the pleasure, which the performance of a duty always 
bestows, in training little Katiie as he would have wished. This 
was not half so perplexing as escaping from the various matches 
which, in **due course of time," her lady mother recommended 
to her attention : it was in vain she assured her she had deter- 
mined not to marr^ ; that she never would, give a right to any 
man to interfere with the education or Sidney's child ; that she 
was perfectly independent, and did not require more than she 
I>08se8sed. Lady Anne had so restless a talent for match-making, 
that she volunteered her services to strangers ; so that Catherine 
had little chance of escape. She resolved, therefore, to leave 
London, and move about imtil she found some quiet retreat suited 
to her purpose. She longed to carry out her husband's educa- 
tional views, which, whenever Lady Anne heard of them, she had 
declared impracticable ; for ** what mother," she argued, ''could 
ever devote herself to children as he had proposed P" 

Kate, as she grew up, won upon all she approached. She was 
exceedinglv lovely, playful, and full of spirit — yet quite a child : 
she loved her mother as a sister, and respected h^r as a parent. 
Whenever Catherine returned to town to visit Lady Anne for a 
brief season, she encountered various temptations to forsake the 
rigid duty she had imposed on herself ; but she continued proof 
against them all. She was so much admired that it caused no 
little wonder how she remained insensible to the attentions of ac- 
complished and amiable men ; and had her mother known half of 
those whom her manner prevented from declaring love, she would 
have been broken-hearted ; for she esteemed it a considerable ad- 
vantage to have the reputation of numberless rejections. 



{Key to Reporting Style, page 68.) 

And he (Mr Morgan) ventured to think that '* a man must be 
a purblind politician " who did not see that the cause of Dises- 
tablishment had made a distinct step forward during the lost year. 
Indeed there were times when he felt inclined to echo Mr Faw- 
cett's statesmanlike warning, that we might find ourselves com- 
mitted to Disestablishment before we had learnt to grapple witii it 
as a practical question. The question was one of stupendous 
difficulty, the solution of which would tax all the energy, all the 
wisdom, and all the patriotism of the nation. Meanwhile, let 
them loin in repudiating the unworthy insinuation that the 
Liberals would be compelled to go in for Disestablishment for 
want of some other occupation. 

The Licensing Act of 1872 had made the Liberal party very 
unpopular with a certain section of the community who exercised 
considerable power at elections ; but was it right lor the Conserv- 
ative party to take advantage of it, and to do their best to make 
political capital out of a national vice—a vice that was fast making 

the name of England a by- word in Europe through acts of brutal- 
ity and violence ? No doubt the Conservative party owed a great 
deal to the publicans at the last general election ; but what he 
complained of was that they should have endeavored to pay off 
their debt with a bill drawn upon the morality of the country. 
He was happy to say that the country had refused to honor the 

Referring lo the present position of Mr Gladstone in the House of 
Commons, he declared, emphatically, that, so long as Mr Gladstone 
was willing to lead them, the Liberal Party could acknowledge 
no other leader. It was said that he had shown himself a bad 
tactician, that he had alienated the Roman Catholic section of the 
party by setting before them the logical consequences of the In- 
fallibility doctrine, and that this was " bad politics." Whether 
what he had done was bad politics he would not undertake to de- 
termine. That was a question which he must leave Mr Gladstone 
to settle with his own Solicitor-General. But, assuredly, what 
he had said was simple truth. And the best evidence of this was 
to be found in the answers which his pamphlet had provoked. 
In one respect, too, its publication would be productive of un- 
mixed good. Such an authoritative declaration, coming from the 
leader of the Liberal Party, would go far to break up the alliance 
which accident had brought about between the Liberals and Ul- 
tramontanes. The dissolution of that alliance might cost the 
party a few seats ; it might even prolong, though that was doubt- 
ful, the period of their banishment from office ; but it would put 
an end to that most fatal of all political entanglements — an alli- 
ance between two entirely antagonistic and unsympathetic bodies 
— an alliance between a party whose political creed was ever 
growing and a party which placed its political conscience in the 
keeping of a foreign priest, who deliberately shut his eyes to 
everything that had happened during the last 400 years. To 
dissolve such an alliance might be the act of indifferent politicises 
but depend upon it, it was the duty of honest men. (Cheers.) 

A vote of thanks to, and renewed confidence in, Mr Osborne 
Morgan was passed with much enthusiasm. 


When Garibaldi was in Sicily, a deformed dwarf presented him- 
self to be enrolled as a volunteer ; but on account of his diminu- 
tive size, he was rejected by the committee, whose duty it was to 
decide who were fit to be soldiers. Nothing daunted, he went to 
Garibaldi himself, and begged the general to accept him. He was 
again refused. After one of the first battles, the little fellow came 
up to Gaiibaldi, and joyfully exclaimed, *^ See, general, you would 
not take me, but you could, not prevent my coming. I have 
fought well, indeed I have ; and I am wounded too." Garibaldi, 
who recognised the man, replied, ** Ah, bravo ! and where are 
you wounded P" After some hesitation, the dwarf shewed a 
wound between the shoulders. " Oh, fie !" said Garibaldi ; " you 
must have been running away from the enemy when you got that 
wound. I knew jou would never be a good soldier." The poor 
fellow retired, quite confused, and gave no answer to these taunt- 
ing words. Another battle soon followed. It was scarcely over, 
when the little soldier again appeared, and thus accosted his chief, 
** Here I am, general, wounded again, but not in the back this 
time." Pointing to a deep wound in his breast, the brave fellow 
fell dead at Garibaldi's feet. 

Her ar fq, baks whiq hav obtend a mer dezervd or koa- 
tiniiir) popitlariti dan Gilbert Whit's " Natqral Histori or 
Selborn." 8[e prvd^k/on ov a privet jentelman in an ob- 
skitr vilej, it med its ferst apirans teardz de kle-z ov de 
last sentqri, in a modest de respektabel g^z, and wid nor 
vder paspert to fevor dan its em ^nasiimig merits. 3iz, 
houever, wer 89 gret, and at ddt piriod ov ser vni^siial a 
kind, dat de best j«jez fcrrso de diitingwi/t fevor it wud 
obten, and profesid its lastii) akseptejon wid de pvblik. 
Sat de wer korekt in der j^jment de event haz fuli pmivd. 

Digitized by 




13 Feb., 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; Gq, Ji; Z k, Gg: F f , Vt; R (t, 
peep, 616; tmnght, deed i ehjuoh Judge; eoke, g\gt /ear, 

ad; Sb, Zz; S/, 23: Mm, N n, TJg: 
oaloe; bresiA, breaMe } fftnee, sure; tAip, a«are: mmIm, moo*, mngt 

BJii) dat at de prezent da der ar fq, l^verz oy nati^r wid 
hmm ridii) iz a habit, hm ar not familiar wid de volqm, 
and stil fn,er librariz upon de /elvz or whiq it iz not tu bi 
found. For our cm part, wi fil a plegar in fekordig de 
fakt dat What's Selborn woz de ferst buk on natural his- 
tori ov whig wi hav eni diatigkt rekolekjon ; and wi mit 
perhaps tres tu de erli permzal ov its engre-sir) pejez, de 
89rs and orijin or a not 7nkind prejudis in feror oy everi- 
^ig dat krips and krolz, or nrnz, swims, or fl^z — a preju- 
dis whig haz from t^m tu t^m bin de okegon or a grat dil 
OT plegur, and not a litel profit. 

BefoT presidig tu dital de serk^mstansez or a yizit wi 
letli pad tu de sin ot de trankwil l^f and leborz or dis 
WTrdi man, it ma bi az wel, for de sek oy dois oy our 
riderz hm ar strenjerz tu hiz histori, tu giv a Jort svmari 
OY hiz b^ografi, ov whig tm litel iz nom. Gilbert Wh^t 
woz bom in Selborn on de 18d oy Jml^, 1720. Hi woz 
not a klerjiman, az meni personz svporz, bvt de grandson 
OY a kleriman oy de sem nam, hm had bin Yikar oy Sel- 
born, and hm woz de svn oy Ser Simpson Wh^t, hm woz 
njted bi ©arts de Sekond on hiz koronajon. GLe fader oy 
de naturalist woz Mr Jon Wh^t, a barister oy de Midel 
Tempel, hm marid an ares, and sist tu praktis at de bar 
after hiz roaraj. Hi had ferr svnz, Gilbert, Tomas, Jon, 
and Henri — W7n oy hmm, Tomas, bekam a member oy de 
Roial Sersieti. Jon Wh^t woz deYerted tu de stvdi oy 
natural histori, and from him, widout dout, hiz s-sn Gil- 
bert der^Yd hiz \t5y for de sam pvrsiit. Hi kam tu rez^d 
at Selborn in 1731, and did in 1759. Gilbert Whit woz 
edi^kated at Bezigst^k, vnder de Boy. Tomas Whorton. 
Hi woz admited tu CTriel Kolej, Oksford, in Desember, 
1739, and tuk adegri oy Bagelor oy Arts, in 1743 ; and in 
de folmg yir woz elekted Feler oy hiz kolej. Hi bekam 
Master ov Arts in 1746, and s^bsekwentli servd de ofis oy 
proktor. Hi had seYeral oport^nitiz oy aksepiig kolej 
liYigz ; b3t hiz I^y oy rmral netiir, and fondnes for de 
p^rrsq^ts oy hia erli Hf , indi^st him tu deklin ol pr^efment, 
and tu retir tu de seklmson oy hiz natiY vilaj. In erli lif 
hi woz m3Q atagt tu Mis M^lser, after wardz Ms Sap^n. 
Hi never marid, but led de Ijf oy a filosofikal bagelor, and 
woz, tu kwet de W3rdz oy an erld dam in de vilaj hm had 
nurst meni ov de famili, '* a stil, kwiet bodi." 

Oy hiz roaner ov lif, de folerig ekstrakt from de pajez 
ov wira OY hiz biograferz aforrdz 38 a grafik and interestig 
akount, ** Hiz diariz wer kept wid unremitig dilijens r 
and in hiz aniial mj^ajonz tu ^riel Kolej, and yder plasez, 
hiz man Tomas, hm simz tu hav bin wel kwoliQd for de 
ofis, rekorded de weder jumal. 3e stat ov de ^ermom- 
eter, barometer, and de variajonz ov de wind ar norfced, az 
wel az de kwontiti ov ran whig fel. Wi hav deli akounts 
oY de weder, wheder hot and kerld, svni or kloudi : wi hav 
ols^ inform a/on ov de ferst tri in lif, and iven ov de apir- 
ans ov de ferst fvnji, and ov de planta ferst in blosom. 
Wi ar tcrld when mosez vejetet, and when insekts ferst 
apir and disapir. Ser ar olser remarks wid regard tu fi/ 
and "sder aniroalz ; wid miselanius obzerva/onz and mem- 

oranda on varies subjekts. For instans, wi ar terld dat 
on de 21st ov Jmn, hous-martinz whig had lad der egz in 
an 9ld nest, had hagt dem, and d4t, when dis iz de kes, 
de get de start ov de^ whig bild ni^ W3nz bi ten daz or a 
fortnit. Hi spiks wid sum degri ov triumf ov havig rikt 
hiz meder ha in deliket order, and dat Tomas had sin a 
perl-kat run akros hiz garden. Hi rekordz de serkumstans 
OY boiz pleig at to on de Plestor ; and dat hi had set 
Ghfnerif wun ov hiz bantam henz, on nin 09 her en egz. 
Hi komplanz dat dogz kum intu hiz garden at nit and it 
hiz gmzberiz, and givz a iisful hint tu farmerz and uderz, 
when hi sez dat ruks and krerz destroi an imens number 
ov gaferz, and dat wer it not for diz berdz de gaferz wud 
OYeri^ig. In adijon tu hiz remarks on nati^ral histori, Mr 
Whit rekorded in hiz diariz de vizits whig wer oke3onali 
pad him, and kerfuli nerts doun de berls ov hiz verius 
nevq^z and nisez (amountig tu about siksti-^ri at de tim 
^\z diari klerzd), az da respektivli kam intu de wurld. Hi 
* kronikeld * hiz al and bir, az da wer brmd bi hiz man 
Tomas, hm apirz tu hav bin hiz valet, gardener, and asist- 
ant naturalist. Hi teks natis ov de kwontiti ov pert w^n 
whig kam tu hiz Jar when hi divided a pip ov it wid su^m 
ov hizneburz; and hi meks frikwent menjon ovhizkrops, 
hiz ^n and erli kqkumberz. and de flaYor ov hiz Kardiliak 
piz — hi evidentli pasig mug ov hiz tim in hiz garden. He 
apirans ov hiz neburz' hops, de beginig and endig ov der 
harYests, der biz, pigz, and peltri, ar olser netiat in auk- 
sejon, and apir tu haY aded tu de intereat hi tuk in rmral 
lif." Perhaps de abuv pasaj supliz us wid a beter idia ov 
de man dan kud bi deriYd from eni uder serrs. 

In 1768 Gilbert Whit komenst de remarkabel siriz ov 
leterz whig mek up de *' Nati^ral Histori oy Selborn " — 
leterz whig, az ol de wurld nerz, ar magles for de grafik 
minqtnes ov dar ditalz, and de naiv simplisiti ov der stil. 
It woz wid mug difikulti dat hi kud bi prevald upon tu 
publij dem ; and had it not bin for hiz bruder Tomas. ta 
hoi m hi woz indeted for meni sujestionz, and hm promiat 
tu revq, dem in a frendli wa, and did ser in de Jentelman*z 
Mdgazin, it iz veri problematikal wheder, erig tu de olor'z 
fir ov de ordil ov kritisizm, de wud ever hav sin de lit. 
3[e dabits ov Gilbert Whit wer i^niformli temperet, his 
temper woz girful and se/al, and hiz konversejonal pouerz 
ar sed tu hav bin inimitabel. Hi liYd tu a gud erld ej« 
diig in hiz seventi-lerd yir, on de 26 J ov Jmn, 1793. 

Startig from Solzberi, whider wi had bin for de purpos 
ov lukig at Stenhenj, our rmt tu Selborn la Irm Winges- 
ter, whens wi wer forti^nat enuf tu Qnd a konveans tu G>U 
ton, erver a rader mountenus kuntri. Bestig for de n^t at 
(Dlton, wi set ferrlf erli de nekst mornig, and asendig a 
jentel eleYeJon at de bak ov de toun, pursqd a fut-pel ttrui 
de fildz and farmstedz, whig atleg^ landed us in de karej- 
-rerd lidig tu Selborn, at about hsf de distans betwin dat 
vilaj and Olton. SEe narer dusti rerd runz olmorst in a 
stret lin from its jugkjon wid de fild-paf doun intu Sel- 
born. Az wi aprerg widin a mil or ser oy de vilaj, de ( iz 
prepard tu aprijiat its pikti^rosk aeklmgon, bi de apekta- 

Digitized by 




LI, Br: Ww, Ty, Hh.— Aa, Hb; Ee, Be; li, li: O o, Oo; TS v, Oef; Uu, UJm. 

(nit, roiri wtj, jres, h»j. — pot, olnui p«t, «(•; ptt, mti pot, all; but, aid; put, gate. 

kel, whig gradiiali r^sez inta vt;, or de held hilz kround 
wid masiv Miej, whig in a maaer everhag de besin in 
whig it 1^2 konsild from sjt. 

3e immidiet aprerg to dis garmig pies l^z ^nn de a dip 
ravin in a roki bagk, at de botom ov whig a klir strim ov 
woter flora akros de rerd, whig woz formerli renderd pasa- 
bei to pedestrianz b^ a r^stik fut-brij, whjl de bed or de 
bruk woz oUer de kroun of de kozwa for katel and vihikelz 
or ol deakripjonz. Veri letli, hoaever, de strim haz bin 
argt over, and de rordwe, elereted sism dvzen fit, bj whig 
de artistik efekt haz bin Trterli destroid — tu de imens ad- 
van tej and konviniens, der iz nor genseig, ov de (\\, hm r^d 
or dr^v in and oat ov Selborn. c[e vilej itself iz a model 
ov rmral repe-z and sn^g-lukig rsstik ksmfort, ov de gud 
eld-fajond order. It aboandz in kotejez, ig a pikti^r, wid 
roifsov pondervs-lnkig ^ag, pirst wid Jaded keaments, and 
wid lor brik-bilt tenements, klssterd round wid kl^mig 
rezez and kripig plants, and rerli rizig far ahTsv de flouerz 
and grineri am^g whig da aim embeded. Alog whot ma 
bi termd de men strit, diz hvmbel dweligz, miggeld wid 
T^derz ov a beter klas, stand in del^tful irregi^lariti, tugeder 
wid bamz, Jedz, and outhouzez. Svm ov dem ar on a 
level and flvj wid de rcrd ; ^derz ret^r tu a distans behind 
gardenz kramd wid a prerfi^jdn ov flouerz and r^p k^rrants ; 
and vderz agen ar pergt spon h^ bagks, whens de erverluk 
der humbler nebvrz. 

On tvmig tu de left, after asendig de hil from de bruk, 
wi enter de Piester ^Pleystow), or Plestor, a nit erpen spes, 
wher, vpon a sit benid a spredig tri, wi Ink round. 
" His Pleater," sez Ser W. Jardin, " apirz tu hav bin left 
az a sort ov redimii) oferig bj Ser Adam Gordon, in e-lden 
t^mz an inhabitant ov Selborn, wel nem in IggliJ histori 
divrig de ren ov Henri III, parti ki^larli az a lider ov de 
Mountfort fakjon. Mr Whit sez, '* Az Ser Adam began 
tu advans in yirz, hi found hiz m^nd influenst b^ de pre- 
velig erpinion (nid wi se, a van and vnskriptq,ral W3n) ov 
de rizonabelnes and eflkasi ov prerz for de ded ; and der- 
ferr, in konjxgkjon wid hiz w^f Konstanjia, in de yir 127J, 
granted tu de pr^or and konvent ov Selborn ol hiz rjt and 
klem tu a aerten p\za,placea, kold La Pleystow, in de vilej 
aforrsed, * in liberam^puram, etperpetuam elemosinam * (for 
fri garitabel purpose".) ^x^pleystow, locus ludorum, or ple- 
•ples, iz in a level eria nir de g?rrg, ov about 44 jardz bi 
36, and iz nem bi de n:;m ov Plestor. It kontinqz stil, az 
it woz in 9ld timz, tu bi de sin ov rekriejon for de i^dz 
and gildren ov de nabsrhud ; and impresez an idia on de 
mind dat dis vilej, iven in Sakson timz, kud not bi de 
m<Tst abjekt ov plesez, when de inhabitants ^ot proper tu 
asin 89 spejvs a spot for de sperrts and ami^zments ov its 
jHfQ pipel. 

On de 9der sid ov de rerd frsntig de Pleste*, and a litel 
tu de left, iz de hous ov Gilbert Whit — a s^bstanjal but 
Tinpretendig edifls, whig, after biig de abe-d ov meni bvV- 
sesiv jencre/onz ov hiz famili, haz at leg^ past intu de 
handz ov a nq, prerprietor. It iz a modest but handsum 
kotej ov tm storriz, wel Jrouded in flouerz and fcrliej, and 

liig a litel bak from de rord, bvt from dis point ov vq, 
presents litel tu atrakt de atenjon ov de strenjer. On de 
vder sid ov de Plest9 standz de Parsonej, a n\\ and rader 
handsvm bildig wid M whit gebelz frsntig de vi^ : it haz 
de misfortqn, houever, tu bi kwit out ov kipig wid its 
neburz, and Inks az da it had bin transperrted bodili from 
a London suburb, and kondemd tu a temporari rustikejon 
for sum brig ov gud behevior. 

Pasig de Parsonej, wi enter de gurgyard, a Jeded and 
trankwil spot, studed erver wid de grevz and grev-sternz ov 
meni a vanijt jenerejon. Se gurg, wid its ler skwer touer, 
iz aperentli remarkabel for litel sev its ekstrim simplisiti 
and absens ov ornament hoi widin and widout. Ke 
butresez whig suport de outer wolz ar just S9 meni mag- 
niQd flits ov de stem steps sin at rmral in-derrz, bi de ed 
ov whig fat farmerz mount der nags when de rid herm 
after market ; and de prinsipal dekorejon widin iz whitwoj, 
de grand and universal pauasia ov rustik gurgwordenz. 
cler iz, houever, a rsder remarkabel oltar-pis, in M kom- 
partments, astonijigli lik de wurks ov Albert Dqrer, der 
hou it kem der wi wer unebel tu lern ; and der iz furder, 
amug uder mitral tablets, wun tu de memori ov Gilbert 
Whit, whig wi Jal bi ekskqzd for not transkribig hir. 
At de bak ov de gurg, and klers tu de wol ov de bildig, 
der iz a regqlar rer ov grevz, markt emli wid a fut-stern tu 
ig, ol ov whig ar supezd tu konten remenz ov memberz ov 
de Whit famili. Ke stanz ar ser ervergran wid kriptogamik 
mos and likenz, dat it woz wid difikulti wi kud desifer de 
karakterz, nou berli lejibel : 

G. W. 

26 Jurn, 


Nir de perrg ov de gurg standz a magnifisent spesimen ov 
de q,, sug az wi dm not rekolekt tu hav sin elswher. Whit 
himself deskribz it in termz whig mit hav bin riten yes- 
terde, ser trm iz de perrtret at de prezent merment. " In 
de gurgyard ov de vilej," sez hi, "iz a i^ tri hmz aspekt 
bespiks it tu bi ov gret ej. It simz tu hav sin several 
sentq^riz, and iz probabli kaival wid de gurg, and derferr 
me bi dimd an antikwiti. 3e bodi iz Jort, skwot and ^ik, 
and mesurz twenti4ri fit in de genf, suportig a bed ov 
Bq,tabel eksteut tu its bulk. SLis iz a mel tri, whig in de 
sprig Jedz kloudz ov dust, and filz de atmosfir around wid 

Betumig ^rra de Plester, wi pursq, our we ;tnii de vilej, 
and krosig sum rizig grbundz on de rit, klamber up a 
rader rmd asent tu de " Hager," an abrupt presipitus hil 
ervergrom wid big triz. A windig pal ov izi asent lidz 
us gradq,ali tu de top, itrm de dip glmm ov de erverhagig 
feliej, whig ruselz in noizi kerrus az de brangez nod 
gresfuli tu a strog briz. At intervalz, az wi asend, wJ 
remark dat de timber haz bin feld tu erpen out a vii ov de 
vali benid, and at ig apenig serkq,lar sits hav bin erekted 
for de akomomodejon ov de weferer. Wi poz at de lofti- 
est point ov vq, and whil skegig de vilej az it liz aslip in 
de sunJin bela, ar startcid bi de sunden aparijon ov a hqj 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 



13 Feb., 1875. 

kestrel hok, whiq, hoverig erFer de abis benid ^s, az m^- 
Jonles az der hi wer st^ft id a glas kes, liai)z for a me-ment 
or tto. in mid-er, and den swmpiQ donnwardz l^k a dart, iz 
lost in do ;tiket belcr. 3e majestik hvnter ov de er woz 
doutles in serg ov a diner ; and 8& smn az our skeg woz 
komplited, wi toi set forward on a similar kwest. 

Wi had de gud fort^n tn Qnd de landlord ov de vilej in 
on de point oy sitig doun, wid hiz w^f andqarmir) " pijon- 
per " 07 1b6i) gildren, tu de gud erld IggliJ fer ov rost 
bJf and pudii). Widont mar adiu wi invjted ourselvz tn 
de entertenment, and biig immidietll instold in a sit at 
de tebel, did ampel j^stis tu de ekselent kukii) ov de estab- 
li/ment. After diner wi tuk a strerl in de landlord'z gar- 
den, wher de fruit in temptii) kl^sterz sspl^d an ekselent 
dezert. From konversejon wid our hcrst, wi lernd dat 
Selborn iz nou not ser m»Q a terra incognita tu de rest ov 
de W3rld az it wsns woz. Sins de relwe haz riqt tu CDlton, 
skersli Qv m^lz of, London haz sent doun her viziterz tu 
de kw^et vilej ; and artists and oiorz ar f\nd\i^ it out, and 
pasii) dez and wiks in pr^ir) and skegig about de nebvrhud. 

On partig wid our hast, wi med for de rezidens ov 
Gilbert Wh^t, wid a y\\ ov inspektig, if permisibel, a pics 
scr ioterestig tu hiz admirerz. cle jentelman wi sot woz 
from ham, bist b^de kerrtesi ov hiz gardener, an intelijent 
Skoqman, wi obtcnd admijon tu de groundz, and a vq, ov 
de iner and rial fr^nt ov de rezidens. H?jmbel az iz de 
apirans ov dis abad when sin from de vilej strit, its as- 
pekt on de Tsder s^d iz dat ov a perfekt parades. Njder art, 
gud test, nor ekspens hav bin spcrd in Icig out de groundz 
and roentenig dem in order ; de grasi sword ov de eksten- 
siv Ion iz smuid az a droig-ruim karpet ; rer plants and 
ekskwizit flouerz deljt de i, and der fregrans filz de cr ; 
grmps ov nerbel triz adorn de landskep ; and in de bak- 
ground rjzez de lofti brou ov de Hager, swedd in an vn- 
braken mas ov riq feliej. About a fyrlog from de hous 
standz a klvster ov tol mepel triz, benid whiq woz de 
fevorit sit ov Gilbert Whjt, and lidig ta-ardz dem from de 
graveld woks iz de brik pal whi<3 woz led doun bj Gil- 
bert's fader, dat in hiz eld ej hi mjt bi cbel tu wok intu de 
fildz in de erli mornig widout wetig hiz fit. cIo" dis wok 
woz led doun merr dan a hundred jirz agor, it iz bvt lite) 
deked, de briks ov whig it iz komperzd havig bin twjs 
bsrnd for dis espejal p^rpos. It wud apir dat dis Jon 
Whjt. de barister, wo« a man ov truili si m pel tests, and 
dat hi retend dem tu de last : dat hi woz a man ov az 
simpel p^eti me bi gaderd from de w^rdig ov hiz wil, in 
whiQ hi ekspresez a wi/ dat ner monument Jud bi erekted 
tu hiz memori, " not dezjrig tu hav hiz nem rekorded, sev 
in de buk ov lif.'/ 

Ke hous 89 log de rezidens ov de Wh^tz woz enlarjd b[ 
Gilbert in 1777, hui bilt wzjn or tiu adijonal ruiroz, w«n 
ov whig iz pointed out az hiz fevorit st^di. cle prezcnt 
prerpr^etor haz agen enlarjd it, and haz wvnderfuli im- 
prmvd de svroundig dem^n, de aspekt ov whig livz nv^ig 
tu wi/ for. 

fiavig d^s far satisfjd our kiiriositi, and taken liv ov 
our korrti^s gjd, wi prwided (trm de vali ov de Berrn, be- 
yond de vilej, tu tek a glans at de Priori, whig Wh^t 

deskr^bz ser voluaminssli in hia " Antikwitiz ov Selbom." 
3!e Priori, whiq stud distant about a mil from Selborn, 
woz founded in de yir 1232 bi Piter de la E<f/, de bi/op 
ov Wingester, on hiz return from a pilgrimej tu de H^li 
Land. It woz wvns an establi/ment ov ST^m repqt, bvt 
woz svprest in 1468, and its reveniiz med aver tn. Magdalen 
£olej, Oksford. It svrvivd de Jos ov its konventiial 
privilejez and emoli^ments b^t for a sizon, and at leg^ fel 
intu deke and rmin. At de prezent tim ol vestijez ov de 
en/ent ekliziastikal bildig hav disapird, and its s^t iz 
okiipid bi a farm hous. H.e 9nli vizibel reliks ov de 
establi/ment nou reroenig ar a f i; enkostik tilz led widin 
a kind ov svmer-hous, and an en/ent sten kofin letli 

3.6 89n iz getig I9 az wi liv de Priori, and wornz tss tu 
mek de best ov our we tu de Olton ro-d. Wi regen it 
izili in hsf-an-our, and biig den erverteken bi a lit sprig- 
-kart, hmz driver, biig alvn, korrii^sli oferz vs a sit, wi 
trot merili bak tu Olton in de plezant twilit ov a s^mer'z 
ivnig. From Olton tu Lsndon iz nou b^t a tto. ourz' rid 
bi rel : and befor de kvrent ov biznes haz wel set in nekst 
de, wi hav krost Woterim Brij, and ar helig an omnib?rs« 
wliig in haf-an-our or 89 wil drop 3s widin a fii pesez or 
our ern derr. 

Seven yirz ag9 de editor ov a popqlar jvrnal vndertuk 
a pilgrimej tu Selborn, and pVbli/t de partikqlarz ov hiz 
vizit in hiz kolvmz. Hiz veri agriabel and interestig 
peper kontend S3m wel-dezervd striktiirz 3pon de deplorr- 
abel ignorans ov de leborig klasez in de rilej, best spon 
de ^ndeniabel evidens ov de pari/ rejister, whig /ord dat 
ov twenti-ttu personz hm, in de 1845, wer ignited bi marej, 
rmli seven nil ^^ ^^ H^ ^^ nemz ! a fakt whig hi properli 
stigmatizd az a na/onal disgres. Wi hav rizon tu ^igk dat 
edq,ke/on haz dvn s^mlig, der not mTsg, sins den, t«rardz 
de diminq/on ov ssg begarli iliterasi ; and wi wi/ it wer 
in our pouer tu kompliment de hvmbler dwelerz in dis 
garmig spotvpon iven a korespondig advansin sivilize/on 
and moralz. B^t wi ro^st not flater dem ; and de trm^ 
apirz tu bi dat der iz a jeneral filig am^g de respektabilitiz 
ov Selborn, dat de pmrer klasez in de distrikt ar fonder 
beliverz in de eGkasi ov bir — de majoriti ov dem at list- 
dan in enilig els, whil der iz a priti loud komplent in de 
neborig toun ov Olton— a komplent whig wi hav rizon tu 
beliv iz bvt tui wel founded— dat Selborn sendz a far 
greter prerperr/on ov ofenderz agenst de lo tu anser for 
der ivil didz befer de majistrets ov d4t toun, dan ar tn bi 
found in olmerst eni sder pies kontenig ser smol a popq- 
le/on. 3is iz a stet ov ^igz dat ot not tu bi, and wil not 
bi svferd tu endqr. 3.e leborig klasez ov Selborn, if wi 
me ys\ from der k^mfortabel aberdz, der /elterd and belli 
sitqe/on, and from de fakt dat de partisipet in de pro6cs 
ov ttu harvests in de yir — de hop az wel az de sirial — ar 
beter of dan der felorz in les fe?ord distrikts. If it bi troi 
den, dat de lag behind dem in de praktis ov de domestik 
vertqz and de marg ov intelektqal and moral pro-gres, 
der mT^st bi " svmlig roten in de stet " dat /ud gid and 
influens de popqlar mind ov dis litel seklmded komqniti. 
-^Le^ur Our, 

Digitized by 


20 Feb., 1875, 



e fljoitetir fournal, 



OomwmnieaHomfor t\i* Department qftke Journal, yoHeeeqfEeereireulafor; 
§tc,f tkould 6tf writttn §epmraUijf/rom letUrt, cmd marked ** Journal.** 

BANFF. From ihe Free Fress,^ Dunng the winter months 
Mr William Barclay has conducted classes for teaching Phono- 
graphy, and the sefsion, whith was a very pleasant and agreeable 
cne throughout, was brought to a close at the end of last week. 
The cla«s had been attended by upwards of thirty-five young men, 
belonging to the town. Mr Barclay invited his pupils, together 
with a number of lady friends, to meet him in the drawing room 
of the County Hall on luesday evening, 2i d February, to have 
an evening's entertainment. At 8 o cloi^k the company, number- 
ing upwards of siaty, sat down to an excellent tea. After tea. 
}A T Adam King, in name of the pupils, presented Mr Barclay with 
a handsome easy ihair, and massive silver brooches for Mrs and 
Miss Barclay. Mr Barclay suitably acknowledged the gilt 
Games and songs, with harmonium accompaniment, afterwards 
occupied some very pleasant hours. We understand the class has 
made steady progress during the session. 

The Shorthand Writers' Association which was organised here 
some time ago has been very succesful ; it has swelled up in num- 
bers every evening since its commencem* nt, and we have no doubt 
it will be very profitable for young phonographtrs in and about 
the town. 

BRADFORD Phonoobaphebs* Association. From A. Wid- 
dopf Secretary.— On Monday evening, ifitb January, the usual 
weekly meeting was held, when the reporting practice was con 
ducted by Mr Pickles, the vice-President. The following pro- 
gramme for the month of March was alterwards drawn up : — 

After reporting practice each evening, 
March 1 — Essay by Mr Priestley. 

„ 8 — Readings by Messrs White and Matthews. 

„ 16 — Extempore speaking. 

. „ 22 — Lecture on •* Spiiitualism," by Mr Pickles. 

„ 29— Committee meeting. 

On the 1st February, alter reporting practice, a debate was held 
on •* Abstinence" by Mr Priestley /or, and Mr Harrison against. 
It was highly interesting, and gave great satisfaction to all the 
members present. The number of members of this Assceiation is 
on the increase, tive having been enrolled since the ith January. 

Canada. — The following Intelligence is funiished by an En- 
glish phonographer fiom corret-pondence M-ith a Canadian pho- 
nograpfaer, Mr Thomas Bengough, ot Tojonto. A lithographed 
shorthand magazine has been established by Mr Bengough. This 
is the first publication < f the kind in Canada. It is hoped that 
phonographers both in Canada and the United States M'ill report 
matters of interest to phonographers that take place in the New 
World. If this were done to a greater extent than it is, the pub- 
lication of the Phonetic Jowmal would be even more eagerly looked 
forward to than it is now. Steps are being taken for the comple- 
tion of the idea which Canadian phonographers have had in hand 
some time, namely, the organization of a Phonographic Society 
or Association. 

DERBY. From C. J. Payne.— The proposal for the formation 
of a Shorthand Writers' Association for Derby has now assumed 
a definite form. Circulars will shortly be issued, and a meeting 
convened for the appointment of ofiiceis. 

1 hree weeks ago I started a fresh elementary class, and have 
now over forty pupils under my tuition. 1 will thank you to in- 
crease my number of Journals weekly to sixty-four, and 1 shall, 
I expect, be able to request you to increase it still further shoitly. 

EDINBURGH. From William Mokintosh. — l commenced 
teaching my child to re^d by the phonetic reading books on the 
16th January, and I find the plan answers admirably. I have 
taken in hand to teach a neighbour to read — a m orking man, whose 
education has been neglected and who cannot read at ail. I wish 
you to send me another set of the books. First, Second, 1 bird, 
and Fourth 

J.ONDf»N. From TTomen apd Work.— On Tuesday evening, 

3rd February, Mr J. B. Rundell read a paper on "Longhand, 
Shorthand, and Spelling Reform, " at the Quebec Institution, 
Marylebone. The chair was taken by Dr Gladstone, F.R S- 
whoi in his concluding remarks, said that the question of reading 
and spelling reform was one of the first importance, deserving to 
be thoroughly discussed, and kept prominently before the public 
He could not see why the English should not do what had al- 
ready been done by the Dutch and Spanish people, and remodel 
their spelling upon a consistent and logic al phonetic basis. ^ Mr 
Micklejohn thought the lecturer would do well to confine his at- 
tention to the advancement of his system of shorthand (Phonogra- 
phy), which bad features of special interest, and warmly advocated 
the adoption of shorthand as a branch of school education. Mr 
Pagliardini, in an energetic and humorous speech, devoted himself 
to the demolition of the etymological objection to the introduction 
of phonetic spelling. 

LO>DON Phonetic Shorthand Writers' Association.— 
At the weekly meeting of this Asso* iation, held on Thursday, 4th 
Febtnary, Air W. Mullins read an essay entitled •• Woman in the 
Past, Present, and Future." The Cbsayist considered the position 
of woman from the earliest titaes, and in various parts of the 
world. Coming to the present, the state of the women of the 
lower orders was said to be little better than what it was in the 
time of the ancient Biitons. The women of the middle classee 
wete taken as the best representatives of the women of the present 
age. The question of the employment of women in the occupa- 
tions formerly entirely perfomitd by men was gone into, and did 
not seem to meet with the approval of the essayist. The result 
of the last census was quoted to show that in England there was 
an excess of females over males to the extent of 600,000. It was 
thought that there was a growing disinclination to marry, and 
that this was rather beneficial than otherwise to the inhabitants 
of this island ; the great incnase in population being-looked upon 
as an obstacle to our advancement. Women were said to be rising 
in position. Women's suffrage was spoken of in a favorable man- 
ner. A very interesting discussion followed, and the subject was 
well ar^u«-d on both sides. 

PORTSMOUTH. From the Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex 
Chronicle. — The School Management Committee of the Portsmouth 
School Board recommended that a class be forthwith established 
at one of the Board schools for the instruction of the pupil-teachers 
serving under the Board in the art of phonetic shorthand writing. 
Mr Aidemian Emanuel, in moving the adoption of the recommen- 
dation, said it was a pet scheme of his, and he believed it would 
be the means of providing for a large number of youths, and placing 
them in positions far beyond what ihey at present occupied. It 
Mas proposed to establish a class of twelve, who should be instruc- 
ted by a certificated teacher of Pitman's shorthand, Mr S Robin- 
son. Mr Robinson thought that one lesson a week, with plenty of 
home-work, the examination of which would occupy him some 
time, would be preferable to two lessons a week in class. ^ His 
terms for instnicting a class of twelve would be twenty guineas 
per annum. Mr Emanuel suggested that the class should meet 
every Wednesday evening, from six till eight o'clock. There 
would be one class ; and any boy desiring to go into it could do 
so. If it did not succeed, it could be dropped. Mr Cudlipp 
thought there could be no doubt of success. He was one of a 
class under Mr Pitman, and his able assistant, Mr Reed, formed 
by the Rev. Mr Dewdney, of St John*s, some years ago. In six 
h ssors he gained a perfect knowledge of the system, and for years 
he coi responded in it ; but he had now dropped it. One of his 
family was a complete master of it, and corresponded with the 
different societies throughout the country. Jt was a very simple 
system — merely writing according to sound, and nothing else. 
He thought every pupil-teacher should have a knowledge of 
shorthand. After some conversation as to the precise terms of the 
resolution, the words limiting the teaching to the pupil- teachers 
were eiased. and the resolution was then agreed to. 

ROCHDALE Shouthand Writers' Association. From 
Josiph Woljenden^ Secretary. — The annual tea meeting of this 
Association was held on Thursday night, the 28th January, to 
which about twenty members sat down. The half-yearly report 
showed a decrease of nine in the number of members, owing to 
to the commenccmenl of the science class, but that in every oth**r 
respect the Association was in a flourishing condition. The olfi- 
cers for the ensuing half >*»b^-;S«e'^^"yt!i<^OV VC 



20 Feb., 1875. 

P p, B b ; T t, D d ; € fl, J i ; K k, G Jt : F f, V T K 4, a d J S », Z z ; X J, 3 s : M m, N n, U I) : 

petpt bib; Hxight, detd i ehntck Judge i eoke, gxgi year, vslve; brea/%,breafAe; ftuee, sise; «Aip, azure: maim, noon, ^ngi 

\ AUiertoQ Moees, The Offices, Wigan Coal and Iron Co., Wigan 
8 Beattie J. H., 28 Bookingbam road, Brighton 

2 Boiston A., 88 Clumber ttreet, Newcastle-on-TTne 

t BoultOD J., Lower Slaushter, Moreton-in-the-Maryh, Oloucesiershire 
• 2 Brouffh C., 36 Chapelfleld road, Ardwick, Mancbesier 
8 Bams J., 65 Pattison town, 'VSathington station, co. Durbam: letter 

1 Campbell John, 866 Parliamentary road ; or, 52 Cambridge St., Glasgow 
8 Campbell Neil, 52 Cambridge street, OlasKow ; at school 

3 Camaby Miss M. L., 8 Queen's road, B<igbton 

t * 1 Cashfleld O. R., 1 Powis street, Woolwich, 8.B. : eondnctor of the 

** Phonetic Telegraph," " Alders^ate," and " Baxon " eTercircolators 
8 Clarkson James, 9 Orbve street, A\ hitbj 

2 Coombes T.,2a London street, Copenhai:en street, London, K. 

1 Crossweller William, 15 Pelham street, Brighton : printer 
t Cowstll James, Lower lane, Wheeltou, near Chorley, Lane, 
t Denbam A. A., 157 Vauzball Bridge road, London, S.W. 

8 Downie Archibald, 17 Greenmarket, Dundee : clerk 

2 Elam G. H., Bradford road, Partuwn, Hnddersfield : tr sober 
1 Gtssing P., 18 Monson street, Lincoln : corresponding clerk 

8 Haj J., 14 Pratt St., Camden town, London, »yi. : booking office porter 
1 Husk A., 21 Ufton road north, Soutbgate road, Dalston, London, 8.£. 
8 Jones Charles, 32 St Catharine's street, Gloucester 
t Jowett Priestly, P. O., Thornton, near Bradford 

1 Kellett A. C, 81 Glebe street, Nottingham : clerk 
8 Latty Arthur, Fisberton. Salisbury 

8 Linford R., St Mary's College, Oscott, near Birmingham ; autl 24 Preston- 

Tille road, Brighton 
8 Lnm^den A. 8., 16 Restalrig terrace, Lochend road, Leith : clerk 
t 1 Morton 8. J., 6 Maud- Foster terrace, Boston : telegraphist 
8 Musgrave Arthur, Pyrmont, Tarbert, co. Kerry, Ireland 
8 O'Neil C. E. J., 6 Drummond street, Glasuow : at sobool 
t 1 Orton C, 8 Aske terrace, Berenden street. New York rd., London, N. 
t Patey T. G., Caergwrle, near Wrexham 
8 Pearce John, 5 Grocer's Hall court. Poultry, London 
t Quail J., Lowland's road, Runcorn 
t Rnxton T., 29 New King street, Hull 

3 SilTcr John, 71 High street, Irrine, Arrsbire : law clerk 

t 2 Smith O., 8 Horsehills terrace, Finobfield, Wolverhampton : clerk 

2 SoQtar W. F., 21 Princes street, Dundee : clerk 

1 Stott Robert, 32 Mottram New road, Hyde, Cheshire 

I Taylor Alexander, D^ebeg, by Stomoway. Ross-shire 

I I Thomas J., 60 Rockingham street, Newmgton Causeway, London, 8.E. 
1 1 Tuttle Robert, 4 Commercial road, Lowestoft : grocer's assistant 

8 Wilson Samuel, 13 Ventry street. Belfast : telegraph clerk 

8 Wilson T., Bed Head terrace, Hepburn colliery, nr. Jarrow, co. Durbam 

Alteratiom qf Addre$$, 
Bayley W. "B^firom Derwent bank, Derwent road, to Goods' Manager's 

OiBce, Castle station, L. and N. W. railwsy, Lancaster 
Beugongh T^ from General Freight office. Grand Trunk railway, to Orip 

oSIoe, 2 Toronto street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 

Wanted, a few advanced members for the " Mutual Improrer ;" articles 
ori^nal or selected. Bntranoe fee, 9d, ; subscription, 1/. Apply to Mr W. 
Swindon, 8 Baker street, Doncaster. 

A f«w members are wanted on each of the following CTercirculators : the 
" Fly-Away Jack," written in the Learners' Style ; the " Times," in the 
Corres^uding S^le ; and the " Fire-Fly," written in the brief and easy 
Reportmg Style. Apply to Mr Cattle Barnes, 1 Priory terrace, Colchester. 
^ Wanted, a few pbonographers to fill up vacancies on the postal list of the 
* Saxon," written in the Corresponding Style ; has been in circulation above 
a twelvemonth. No entrance fee or subscription. Apply to Mr G. R. Cash- 
fleld. 1 Powis street, Woolwich, S.B. 

Wanted, four more members to complete the postal list of an everciroula' 
tor written in the Corresponding Style ; no entrance fee ; annual subscrip- 
tion, 1/, payable in advance. Articles original or selected. Sheets for 
correspoDoence, corrections, advertisements, etc. For further partioulars 
applr^ enclosing stamped envelope, to Mr W. M. Aylward, 7 The Grove, 

Mr H. Albrow, Postal Telegraph office, Lowestoft, would be glad to cor- 
respond with some phonographer about his own age (17) on any subjeot in 
the eamr Corresponding Style for mutual improvement. 

The *' Ajiglo-American Phonographer," a manuscript magutine of original 
and selectM literature, three numt>ers of which will be English and the 
other three American. Two members are wanted to complete the postal 
list ; Derby phonographers would be prderred. The magazine will be pub- 
lished eveiy alternate month. Address, Mr W. 8. Longbottom, 5 Devonshire 
terrace. Full street, Derby. 

D. F.— You are greatly mistaken in supposing that we do not want con- 
tributions for the Journal yVom »ub*enoer$ and jahomograpktr: There is 
nothing that we want more. Of course we must judge ofthe appropriateness 
of the Papers sent for publication before passing them on to tne compositor. 
It would be interesting if it could be known what is the proportion between 
the accepted and the rejected letters sent to the 7im««. Many things are 
sent for insertion in this Journal which, if printed, would gratiQr only their 

R. T. — The pbrsseographs you propose we do not consider good ones. 
We oaonot make the Phonetic Journal a vehicle of inquiry for missing per- 
sons. The phonographer you want has merely changed his residence to 
another street iu the same town. 


In de glium dat s7rotiiidz vs ^sn dir) iz perseptibel. 
Ol men ar armig demaelrz. Ic iz de darknes dat me bi 
felt, and de sensejon iz not imajinari. At de vsrd ov 
komand, Jerroani iz armit) ai) mas, and de asroundii) ne- 
Jonz— dat iz, de beat part ov de w«rld — kanot b^t dm az 
Ji dvz. cle mornientari drimz or pis and kvr[et, arts and 
prergrea, hav fled atra, and Jermani rekognizez de stern 
neseaiti ov her kes, whiQ iz dat whot Ji haz ^^n b][ armz 
Ji kan ornli herld b[ armz, and az log az de armz ar in her 
hand. It iz ner logs^er posibel tu dout de aagasiti and trmi 
ov her riulerz, and dc se dat hensforrl everi Jerman, sound 
in wind and lira, m3at bi a saldier. From de ej ov seven- 
tin iv fi/rii'im everi man not bclogir) tu de Arrai or de 
Bezerv iz tu bi Ijabel tu bi kold out in de kes ov an akti(a1 
or iven Pretend invc3on. tie neti^r and kontinjensiz ov 
dis n\\ enrorlraent ar b; ncr minz fikjonz on peper. Az tu 
its niimerikal amount, it iz ssBJent tu se dat, aded tu de 
L^n, de Landwer, and de ekzistig Landsturro, it rezez de 
disperzabel ftrrs ov de Jerman Emp^r tu 2,800,000 men. 
He Landsturm wil bi Jermani in armz az distiggwijt 
from de Standi^ Armi ov Jerroani ; bvt iven d^t diatigk- 
Jon ^retenz tu disapir, for de gaps ov de L^n ar tu bi 
fild from de Eezerv. Scr far from de later bavii) de spejal 
ekzempjonz and irounitiz whig Iggland astfjiets wid a 
Eezerv, or a Itsrkal ^9C9, it simz iven merr at de bek and 
kol ov absolcut pouer dan de L^n. cle orderz gK*en in de 
konteropleled emerjensi ar not tu bi pvblijt ; ser dat de 
Jerman nialkontents or partizanz roe nv az litel az de 
forener and de f? hm ar kold tu armz, hou meni, and 
wher. lie Gsvernment me kol out de Eezerv ov iwn 
Stet and not ov de nekst ; de \\i ov a Provins immidietli 
Pretend wid invegon ; de crlder men ov w^n not sor 
Pretend; — in a ^«rd, ^bolever it plizez, ^idout biii) 
bound bj[ eni riulz ov slevij i^niformi. He hal Eezerv iz 
immidietli tu hav its armz, if not de nicest, d(fz dat wer 
T\\\ de vder de. It iz admited dat de Jermanz dm not 
jenerali lj[k Qtig, bst de i^k it beter dan biig kild in der 
bedz, or med bists ov bsrden, or karid intu kaptiviti. 
S«m ov dem iven Ijk it beter dan biit) divided intu a dszen 
Stets, or intu tm or ^ri, iq enli haf Jerman. OI ar tald 
de hav tu Qt or d^ ; Qt or bi slevz ; Qt, or bi begarz, 
fqjitivz, and wondererz orver de ^z% ov de erl. He aim tu 
bi en]i tui wel avter ov it. Por a man tu bi olwez cks- 
peklii) a m^rderss atak iz svm^ig 83p9zd tu embiter \[f 
I and mek it hardli nvrl havig. B3t pipol manej tu liv 
I and bi kiimfortabel in volkene-z, kerlpits, Jips, and pouder- 
I -milz. In l^k maner, de ^ri milion Jermanz, ekspektig everi 
de tu-bi kold out tu Qt an enemi at der veri dvrz, and 
demsckz vofortiinetli adikted tu habits ov provo-kejon, 
me bi bapi. It iz tu bi liept de wil bi hapi on diz kon- 
dijonz, for it iz ol de hapinea Jermani iz l^kli tu onjoi for 
meni a yir — de hapines, nemli, ov an iven qans t\ id a dea- 
peret and Mud bi dedli ftr. 

If dis cnLnnaSy dis frcposteibs armament \z provokt IJ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

eO Feb., 




LI, lir: 

lixU, roar : 

W w, Y y. 

ray, jrea, 

11 h. — Aa, Hb; Ee, 8 e; I i, Li: Go, Oo; ^3, 

Aay. -^ pat, uhoa; pet, age; pit, «at: pot, all; bift, 


U u, UJ in. 

put, ooie. 


(le atiti;d ov Fraos, it prorvaks ia ret3ro. A man hui ^crz 
about armd ia a t^m ov pis iz s^spekted ov hostil iotea- 
|oQ2« and Jertuani lends itself izili tu dkt deloi^on, if ssQ 
it bi. It findz itself vnekspektedii a gret militari Pouer, 
and iren a maritim Pouer, vikto-ms, s^ksesful, and ita 
l:sk b^ ner miuz ekzosted. On everi sid—nor^, sout, ist, 
and west—it Qudz dat whig it stil wonts tu ils komplitnes, 
and whig it siz a we tu. Its tvrn iz ksm. After a minor- 
iti ov ejez snder ivil gardiaiijip. it steps inta its palrimoni, 
and iz wvns merr an £mpir. For ejez Jerinaui haz pozest 
ol de glcrriz, eksept derz ov polisi and wor. Nou it haz diz, 
and de Tsderz az wel. It iz s^rounded b^ gret Emp^rz. 
cle prosperiti ov Iggland and Jivjia alan wud bi envf tu 
tempt an agkor^t tu ambijon. 14k de w^z kig, Jermani 
askt enli for wizdom, and nou haz wid it rigez, onor, 
dominion, and de l[f ov its enemiz, whig it did not ask 
for. Bst nou dat it haz tested diz delfts it iz a diferent 
biig, wid a nit and nobler konjvsnes, and not konteut or 
satisQd on de aem izi termz az befcrr. Wb^ Jud it nou 
Jrigk from an apil tu armz, whig kanot bst giv it merr dan 
ever P clis iz de n\i atitiid oy Jermani ; ol, or nb*^ig ; for, 
in her kes, not tu ad vans iz tu resid. 

Akordigli, de mor Ji armz, de mor d^z Frans, de merr d^z 
Biijia. 0.0 former nou komandz, voder ol hedz, about 
a milion and Iri-kworterz ov men ; de later merr dan Iri 
uiilionz and a lerd. Qstria, Itali, Denmark, Holand, and 
Switzerland ar armig az fast az de kan. It iz a uni verbal 
stren on de enerji and reserrsez ov de wsrld. Bvt self- 
-prezervejon never yet woz found svfljent tu kip vp hi 
ten/on log. When ol nejonz arm it v\ il bi for svmtig, 
and de wil luk beferr az wel az bebjnd. A dvzen milionz 
ov men kanot bi widdron from komon indsstri and sivil 
di^tiz and engej in de merst kostli and destnskliv ov ol 
emploimonts, eksept tu de kontiniial los and hindrans ov 
de pipe]. Wher de wimen wsrk l^k horsez, az de dm in 
Jermani and Frans, de prezvmpjon iz dat be^^ men and 
boraez ar westig or misapl^ig der pouerz« Jermani iz not 
a r'lq ksutri. Lven wid its siggnlar wel^ ov parslmoni, it 
kanot kip iven a milion ov men log vnder armz widout 
aprijiabel sakri^eez. 

In fakt, a t^m wil ar^v when de bzrrden ov a m^sq larjer 
armament wil kompel a kwestion betwin disarmament and 
inijiaiiv in ioor. If tjnli tu seki^r pis, Jermani wil hav tu 
apil tu armz, or, if not /i, svm vder Pouer involvd in dis 
w'ild serrd-dans ov nejouz. S3q iz de inevitabel rez^^lt ov 
an inflejon ov armaments prasidig 7pon r^valri and pro- 
v9keJon ; and it kan onli bi averted b^a t^mli rezolmjon tu 
bi kontent wid whot ^sn haz, and tu stand <7nli on wsn'z 
gard agenst «npr<jvekt agrejon. 

When armament ar megurd b^ milionz» olmost widin 
s^t ov dis land, it kosts a pozitiv efprt ov graviti tu tok 
ov our ep. <le vtmerst amount ov land forrsez wi kud 
i'STB out, 9nder ol bedz, for de prertekjon ov diz ttlz, vn- 
der de most kritikal serkvmstansez, wud hardli bi a fift 
or siks^ ov whot Frans kud put in de fild, or a ten^ ov de 
fersez whig Prins Bizmark kud rez out ov de ground bi a 

stamp ov hiz futi Ol dat our armi iz ikwal tu iz tu garisoii 
our forts, tu gnt'd our korsts, and tu instrskt our Volsn- 
tirz and RezervZ^ Wi kanot pi pel remot kontinents and 
[h and hav our men at herm. Wi kanot hav dem viT^rkig 
de and n|t at ftiktoriz and lernig at de-sem t^m de arts ov 
ofens and defens. cCe Nevi iz W3n arm in de skel ov 
Eontinental wor. Hir wi ar beyond r^valri, and hav crnli 
tu remember dat ni hav litel els b7(t Jips, and mvst mek 
de best ov our siggel defens. Kontinental r^terz tant vs 
wid de lo kondijon ov our militari armament, and tel 38 
it iz usJig les dan our di^ti tu mek ourselvz a valqabel 
and trsstwsrdi al^. He ar ajemd ov de miger disple wi 
mek, iven when wi sim tu bi putig out our stregl Bst 
az wi ar an iland, a serkvmstans not widout its disadvan- 
tejez, wi me az wel tek de natitral advantrj ov dat aksi- 
dent. Wi ar, or Jud bi, w^n gret perrt for ^ronkladz, 
ssfijentli strog and wel ekwipt tu meuten de masteri ov 
de siz, not onli in our naro' strets, bvt wherever de BritiJ 
flag marks de pal ov komers, emigre/on, or disksveri. 
Wi kanot alou jelss rjvalzor skersli-konsild fcfz tu diktet 
tu 7s de element or de ekzakt form and maner in whig wi 
Jal pie our part ov de gret wsrk ov de wvrld. Wi hav 
ernli tu dui whot wi kan, and if wi kanot rezort tu kou- 
skripjon, or mek voUutir rekrmtiy dui de W3rk az wel, 
wi me remember dat wi wer a gret si Pouer and held a 
hi pies in Uropian politiks when wi had no standig Armi 
at ol. cle Nevi iz our strog point, and Neviz it mvst bi 
rememberd, hav ofen given de komand ov de land az wel 
az de si. 3e ar kostli, it iz trui, and, whot iz merr, de ar 
UGr smner med dan si^persided bi S3m imprmvd form ov 
konstrsk/on. Bvt de sper our flej and blvd, de direst 
komoditi in diz dPlz. Se mek wud and iron dm de dqti 
ov frel mortal fremz. He gret wor when it ksmz — if ic 
ever d5z kvm — wil not Qnd ss vnpreperd. It wil fyid zs 
indid at ham, bvt seki^r and wel-garded at ol points, and 
iven ebei tu dm svm triflig servis tu our frendz. 

Az for de men, it iz ven tu kri for mor men from Ig- 
gland ; de ar not tu bi found. He ar tm wel emploid wher 
de ar, — in everi rijon ov de habitabel glob. — Tlmz, ISd 



His iz a problem whig i aprehend haz never yet bin sat- 
isfaktorili solvd, bvt whig i me venter tu se, kan izili bi 

He importans ov a nolej ov prezervig de ti^ kan hardli 
bi over-estimeted, for, widout de pouer ov mastiketig our 
fmd, it iz imposibel— eksept bi artifijal minz— tu apropriet 
de verisa elements nesesari for de reper ov our bodili tijq,z. 

Meni hav bin de konjekti^rz tu akount for dis aperenC 
defi/ensi in our organize Jon, and, oldo an aprog tu de rial 
koz haz bin svmtimz hinted at, it haz ouli bin konsiderd 
az eksepjonal, and not az ov jeneral aplikejon. 

Amvgst de mvltiferi^s rizonz given for 4e deke ov de 
til, de mor komon ar:— itig Jugar; wont ov klinig ; 

Digitized by 




20 JFeb., 1875. 

drigkig hot or veri kald Hkwidz ; bodili wiknes ; heredi- 
tari pekiiliariti. and verisa disizez. 

Nou I dm not min tu point oat eni wsn koz wh[ tii deke 
—in everi instans ; but, J wij tu Jcr a rjzon, whig, if ever) 
vder wer absent, wud bi suBJent tu akount for do veri 
{eneral deke ov de til whiQ iz aer prevalent — iven amugst 
peraonz hui ar in even sder respekt, az belli az kan bi 
ckspekted, konsiderig der lesend pouer ov mastikejon. 

Ynfortiinctli fordeadvoketa of dejugarliori, denij^rez 
ov de West Indiz— bin doutles at a j^ret dil ov Jugar — 
hapon tu po^es til in a m^st perfekt kondijon ; and it iz 
eksidigli doutful if wont ov klinig ever kozez deke, for, 
not ernii wud it bi absurd tu aupe-z dat man'z ortjanizejon 
iz ser imperfekt az tu rekwjr a tmlbruj anddentifris tu 
roek bim komplit, but, az a mater ov fakt, derar plentiov 
pipel tu bi met wid hm never ligk ov klinig der til, and 
bui pozes, sumt^mz, veri ^ud wunz ; wh^l, on de kontrari, 
meni hui kip der **grindig aparetus" skruipi^lusli klin, 
ofen sufer los. 

Tu bi at ol s^rten ov de rial koz ov dis gret ivil, it iz 
nesesari dat wi Jud konsider de natural rekw^rments for 
de perfekt development and sustenans ov de til, and hou 
far wi fulBl dera in our djet. or uder merd ov l^f. 

^e ferst kondijon for der formejon depend upon a 
supli tu de sistera, iu suq a form az tu bi redili asimileted, 
a sutijensi ov Fosfet ov Ljm, and uder substansez ov whig 
de ar komperzd. 

Widout sikig for uder rekw.izils for sound til. let us 
konsider wheder wi kompl^ wid dis pr^mari and esenjal 
wun. Let us si wbeder wi hav not departed from Neliir'z 
•loz. and hav bin orverteken bjdat Nemesis whig ever folorz, 
and punijez der infrinjment; for, Juirli ncrwun wud hav 
de temeriti tu asert dat it iz a normal kondijon for mankind 
tu fel in SUQ an important part ov der auatomi, wh^l de 
Itirer animalz, in dis ret^ard, ekzibit suq perfekjon. 

c[e gret sers ov de substansez nesesari for de proper 
niitrijon ov de til and uder bcrnz, iz de erl ; from whens 
de ar teken up b^^ vejetabelz (sirialz gifli), and afterwardz 
enter intu de organizejon ov animal l[f. 

<l9z animalz hui dm not depend upon de vejetabel kig- 
dom for der sustenans, obten der supl^ ov dis matirial bi 
de veri simpel proves ov apreprietig de benz ov uderz hui 
dm ; and dis formz de gret karakteristik ov de karnioora. 
cler til ar S9 konstrukted az tu enebel dem tu mastiket 
bcrnz wid iz. Tel mi not dat man iz karnivorus, bekoz 
hi pozesez ferr til whiq hav a remo>t rezemblans tu 6iijz 
fagz wid whiq savej bists siz der pre! Haz hi til dat 
kan rediis a 5B;i tu pulp, sor dat, wid it, hiz ern osius sistem 
Jal bi nurijt ? 

It iz not rizonabel for us tu, suporz dat it iz natural for 
man tu liv upon wun perrjon ov an animal alern. If hi 
wer nati^rali an iter ov tlej, az sum asert, hi wud Jmrli po- 
zes de karakteristiks ov d<7Z animalz hmz djet konsists 
holli, or in part ov ddt substans. But dis iz found tu bi 
not de kes. ^ wil not hir eniimeret de veriua anatomikal 
and 6ziolojikal distigkjonz betwia de karnivora and man, 
it wil bi s»6Jent tu stet dat wh^i serten auimalz aten der 
grtlMt degri ov heli aud stregl bi preig spou yderz, man 

iz from hiz veri neti^r and fugkjonz, unebel tu aprorpriei 
tu himself (konsistent wid a ful degri or hell) de flej and 
bernz ov infirior kritqrz. 

But, older man kanot asimilet ^en esenjalz tu hiz sus- 
tenans az de ekzist organikali in uder animalz, hi tMti 
obten dem from sumwher ; indid, if derz proper kondijonz 
for de supli ov hiz pabi^lum had not priviusli bin prezent 
in netqr, hi kud never hav bin kold intu ekzistens. 

In de vejetabel kit^dom iz tu bi found ol dat iz nesesari 
tu austen lif, wheder it bi (I4t ov man, or ov de lorer order 
OY animalz, and diz elements ar organizd in sug a we az 
tu bi izili apro-prieted tu his sistem. Wi me den konklmd, 
dat d4t diet whig suplizhim wid ol dat hi rekw^rz, in suq 
a we az tu bi redili teken up intu hiz ern sistem, must bi 
mer natural dan dat whiQ duz not furnij szq rekwirments : 
and it iz from dis jeneral koz, and not from eui trivial 
rizonz, dat de til ov sivilizd men deke. 

3e let Dr Lagkester sez, and i kan ber him out from 
personal obzervejon, dat de defijensi ov fosfet ov lim inde 
sintem *'iz a karakteristik fitiir ov sum disizez, and ita 
administrejon medisinali haz bin found veri beneBJal. 3e 
inferens ov ko-rs iz, dat de maladiz spvken ov, ar simpli 
kozd bi de defijensi ov de fosfet, Irm not partekig sufi- 
Jentli ov dcrz fmdz kontenig it." Hi furder kontiniiz :^ 
*' It iz kontend in whit, erls. and ri, and from diz serrsez 
de Qif supli ^^ i^ ^" ^® hitman bodi izderivd. 3iz plants 
rekwir fosfet ov ^m for der grcrl. and de perfektig ov der 
grenz : hens it iz s^splid artiBJali bi de farmer, cle nolej 
ov de melod ov prerki^rig and prcpcrig it for mani^r, iz 
wun ov de tri»mfs ov modern kimistri, and haz bin de 
minz ov iukrisig and Qipenig de aupliz ov korn for de sus- 
tenans ov man. A diet defijent in substansez yildig de 
fosfet ov lim iz injmrius tu man, and Jud bi avoided." 

It iz veri probabel dat de prcrperrjon ov fosfet ov lim \a 
de verius sirialz iz relativ tu de supli nesesari for de ful 
nurijment ov our bornz ; but not ornli dm wi lesen d4t prer- 
perrjon bi inklmdig in our aliment dat ssbstans (QeJ) whiQ 
duz not konten it, but it iz an astoundig fakt dat wi ar 
gilti ov de furder foli ov rejektig it from dat fmd whiQ 
Neti^r supliz us. Wi dm dis iu separetig de bran from 
de ground whit : for it iz in dat part ov de gren dat it iz 
QiOi kontend. besidz de gltaten (or vejetabel albqmen) whtQ 
reperz de west ov muskqlar tijq. <Ie whit bred whig iz 
iten ser jenerali, kontenz litel els dan de matirial supliig 
hit tu de bodi ; and it must bi a self-evident trml, dat 
houever muQ fmd iz suplid tu de sistem, if it iz e-nli or a 
kind tu nurij a perrjon ov it, sum uder part ov de bodi musk 
bi aktqali starvd ! 

3& wud derftfr den strogli ad viz derz hm wiJ tu prezenr 
whotever til de me hav, and hm wud wiJ der Qildren tu bi 
enjmrd agenst de probabiliti ov Imzig derz^viYnq kozez 
se* muQ suferig and disBgiirment, tu liv of dat aliment 
whig iz fit onli for vultHrz, and tu depend upon d&t natu- 
ral diet ov korn (broun bred), piz, lentilz, frmt, milk, eta., 
whig wil nzsrij dem komplitli and enebel dem tu tek der 
pies in de grand sistem ov Neti{,r. hm ever<Tpenz herarmz 
tu resiv bak her erig Qildren. — •/'. JT. HarU, in the " Herald 
and Melpmstr 

Digitized by 


20 Feb., 1875. 




From " Erenings at Home, in Words of One Sjllable," bj pennieiion 
of Ham Cseaell, Fetter, and Galpin. Price U. 6d. 

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With true wisdom Catherine preferred brioging up her child 

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chieflj in the seclusion of the coontrjr : she believed that town teaching 

- o_ > ^, . ^ ^ y. V . 

is not equal to the knowled^^e, the habit of seeing, observing, 
comparing, and thinking acquired in the country. The little girl at 
seven was as learned in flowers as in music ; and could quote 

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apt passages about bee and butterfly, aad understand their economy 

' U_^ X . ^ 0^ " v^ . ./ ^ -^ 

and transformations. The perfect love and confldonoe each felt in the 
other bad long rewarded the mother for the oare she bestowed 
upon her daughter; and the tranquil exercise of her mind, the 
elegant seclusion of her habits, the pure air, early hours, and 

^ ^ , / ^ ^ . V^ W ^^ 

useful pursuits, which rendered her the idol of the little village near 

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which she lived, nine months out of twelve, preserved her beauty 
so efleotually, that in a few yean she looked very little older 
than her daughter. Kate's mind ripened quickly ; and in general 

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her manner was more thoughtful thui her mother's. It \%ttd 
charming to hear their voices mingle in prayer as in song — to 
watch them bending over the same book, engaged in the same charities. 



cultivating the same accomplishments, eigoying the same amusements, 
sharing the same friends, loving the same people. 

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Lady Anne had commenced speculating upon her grand-daughter's, 

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" establishment," and inquiring month after month when she should be, 

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" presented." Mrs Sidney knew that a time was coming when ELaie { 
would find some one to awaken a passion which she, a wife and widow, 

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hud never really felt; and looking out, as she had done. 


upon the world from her retirement, she often wpndered if it . 

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often did i^ her heart seemed so full of maternal affection, that 
she wondered ic could possibly have found room for any other. 

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Sl^e had been, perhaps, too much shut up from the world ; and though 
this had preserved much of her singleness of thought and purpose, 

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it had narrowed her observation. She had been smiling, half 

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amused, half sorrowiug, over one of her mother's worldly-minded 
letters, when, laying it by, she opened another ; it was from her 

■ "7 ^ 

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cousin Arthur, now a major of artillery, just returned from 
India, anxious to see histoid playfellow, and "her little girl." 

Digitized byVnOO 


20 Feb., 1875. 



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{Key on page 77.) 


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(To he continued.) 

Digitized by Vn 


20 Feb., 1875 



{Key to Corrwponding Style, page 74.) 

She called Kate to read the letter with her when she re-penised 
it ; and the fair ringlets of the " little girl " fell over her shoul- 
ders as, her hands crossed upon her mother's lap, she knelt beside 
her knee, casting a glance or so towards an opposite mirror, of sly 
wonderment at what her cousin would say to the "little girl," 
who was quite a young woman. 

Catherine anticipated her cousin's visit with unfeigned pleasure ; 
he had been, she told Kate, " such a nice, dear, kind boy." 
" Was he handsome ?" 

** No~yes." She had forgotten all about his beauty : he had 
fair, curling hair, like Kate's, and a charming yoice. Kate said 
that would be so pleasant ; they could sing glees together ; and 
*' Arthur, cousin Arthur's coming," gave abundant scope for con- 
yersation until he came. 

He was greatly astonished to find Kate so g^own. Catherine, 
he said, ** was just the same, not an hour older ; but, it might be, 
a degree handsomer." She certainly had not arrived at that pe- 
riod when lame courtiers remind a woman she is^ old, by assuring 
her she " looks so young !" 

In the morning they rode, or drove, or sketched ; and in the 
evening they played and sung, or dined with the Rector, or their 
only other neighbours, an ancient peeress and her daughters ; or 
they dined at *' The Grange," as Mrs Sidney's cottage was called ; 
and the consequence was, that in less than a fortnight it was a 
settled point with all the gossips that Mrs Sydney was more than 
likely to change her name. 

And more improbable things have come to pass. At first Kate 
was loud in her cousin's praise : ** How could mamma not think 
him handsome V* " How could mamma have forgotten his beau- 
tiful eyes!" " How could mamma say his hair was flaxen, like 
hers, when it was such a deep, dense browu !" *' How could 
mamma forget his bright smile !" and so on. But after a time, 
all these perfections passed without observation: no note was 
taken of them, nor even a bit of praise vouchsafed when they were 
commented upon by others. 

As weeks grew into months, Kate's manner became strange and 
distant to the handsDme soldier. Notwithstanding that he was as 
attentive to the mother as to the daughter, she avoided not only 
him but her mother ; and, for the first time in her young life, 
seemed to consider solitude a sweet companion. When Arthur 
talked with her mother about his happy days of childhood ; when 
he obliged her to repeat, again and again, the half-childlike song 
she had sung him ; then, when, bending over her, as she sat at 
her harp, he called to her remembrance the time he fell into the 
river, when climbing along a willow to catch her some water- 
-lillies, and described his ecstasy when he saw her weeping with 
anxiety by his side~these,jind such-like reminiscences, poor Kate 
could not tell why, perhaps she hardly inquired why, but they 
almost broke her heart : she felt suffocated, and retired, abashed 
at h^ own emotions, to shed almost her first tears alone. 

{Key to 'Reporting Style, pctge 76.) 
*' They go from strength to streogth, every one of them in Zion appeareth 
before Qod.—Fmdm 84. 7. 

Unless we partake of food we must die ; unless we partake of 
food regularly we cannot be strong. The purposes for which we 
eat are. therefore — first, that we may support life ; secondly, that 
we may keep up our bodily etrength. The necessity of eating 
and drinking at regular intervals, and in sufficient quantities, is 
even greater during youth than it is in adult life ; for this impor- 

tant reason— the youth has not only to support life, but he has 
also to grow in strength. The food which he takes has to supply 
the loss of substance by the wear and tear of daily life, and to 
supply new substance to enable him to grow. It is a proof of 
the Divine goodness that there is such an abundant provision of 
so many kinds of food for our bodily wants. The Lord takes care 
of our bodies with the same gracious Providence that watches over 
all things, feeding the young ravens which cry, furnishing food 
for all the creatures of His hand. 

There is a remarkable analogy between the soul and the body 
in regard to the need to partake of food, the uses which food sub- 
serves, and the residts of not having a proper supply of food. The 
soul needs spiritual food. It needs to '' hunger and thirst after 
riglteousness " before it can ** be filled." The food proper to the 
soul consists or sacred truths from the Word of God, and holy 
dispositions and afiections, which the Lord gives to those who 
seek them. The soul must, as it were, feed on and digest these 
things, in order that it may live a true spiritual life. It must 
learn these truths, meditate upon them, and fix them in itself as 
principles of life by acting in accordance with them. It must 
seek these holy dispositions and affections, cherish them when 
given, and incorporate them into its very life by acting them out 
in its daily walk and conversation. Only by so doing can the 
soul grow in grace and in the knowledge of God. 

The soul of every one needs not merely to retain its spiritual 
life, but to increase in spiritual strength— not merely to live, but 
to grow. The faculty to discern truth can be strengthened ; the 
capacity to receive the love of God and of the neighbour can be 
enlargcMl ; the ability to be good and to do good can be continually 
increased by the good gift of God. The possibility of spiritual 
growth is unlimited, and in heaven it goes on for ever. The an- 
gels for ever continue to grow wiser, more loving, and more mighty 
for the doing of good It sets before us a blessed hope, and sup- 
plies us with a blessed encouragement to believe this. The way 
in which this growth is effected in all heavenly intelligence, grace, 
and virtue, is this — the souls of the angels continually hunger and 
thirst after righteousness, and they are continually filled by the 

In like manner, if we are to retain our spiritual life and to in- 
crease in spiritual strength, we must feed on the rich bounties 
which the Lord supplies. If we eat not we shall spiritually die. 
If we do not hunger we shall never eat. Just as the loss of 
bodily appetite shows that there is disease lurking in our system, 
so the loss of spiritual hunger after goodness and spiritual thirst 
for truth shows that there is disease at work in our souls. 

The Lord has appointed various means of grace, in the use of 
which the soul's wants may be satisfied. These are — public and 
private worship, the holy saccament of the Lord's Supper, pious 
meditation, reading and studying the sacred scriptures ; conjoined 
with the effort at all times to shun what is evil because it is a sin 
against the Lord, and to do what He has commanded, because it 
is pleasing in His sight. The soul that uses these means of grace 
continually grows wiser, more loving, and more mighty for the 
treading down of Satan and sin. Its desires thus to grow will 
become more earnest and more active, and it will be more and 
more fully satisfied. 

It is to this state that the psalmist refers in the text. The 
whole psalm treats of the benefits and delights which attend the 
public worship of God, one of the means of grace which the Lord 
blesses to the souls of those who sincerely use it. *^ How amiable 
are thy tabernacles, () Lord of hosts ! My soul longeth, yea even 
fainteth, for the courts of the Lord : my heart and my flesh crieth 
out for the living God. Blessed are they that dwell in Thy house : 
they will be stiU praising Thee." 

Digitized by 




20 Feb., 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; Gq. Ji; K k, Gu: F f , Vv; R 1. ad; S 8. Zz, S f, Xj: Mm, Nn, TiT n : 

pee/», 6i6; Uughf, t/eed; cAurcAJut^ej coAre, ^i^: /cat, ralre; breatV, brea^e ; ««uce, sue; *Aip, uure: MaiM, aeon, %\vgx 


ae risent prevalens of Icr^mz of violens in serten dis- 
trikts, haz okegond m3g diskirjon oq de best merdz ov 
Reprejon. ae Houard Aserjiejon baz, (Jrca niimervs pub- 
lik Qanelz, advoketed de ntiliti, in die direkjon, ov sentenaez 
ov imprizonment atsGJentli pr^logd tu mek a det^rent im- 
prejon, and ak^mpanid bj enfcrrst hard Icbor ov a naful 
netqr, az 83m kompensejon tu an injurd komi^niti. ais 
kerrs iz biitj inkrisigii adopted b^ J9jez and majistrets, 
and wid S3m gud efckt. 

Bst Prerenjon iz far merr important dan Reprejon. 

It iz jenerali admited dat intemperans iz a Qifscfrs ov 
v[olent outrejez. Tu \\z de wvrdz of de Rekorder of 
Bermigham, '' UbF of dJz kesez arjz from kworelz in pvb- 
lik houzez/* Nor iz de komi^niti ioatentive tu dis fukt. 
Inniimerabel Temperans Scrsietiz ar olsor str^vig tu render 
de pi pel saber, and d^s tu obFiet disorder, ^der b[ pros- 
pektiF Ipjislejon, or moral 8W83on. KeFerdeles, kr^mz of 
violens haF grelli preFeld. 

Se Prevenfonov ICrlfn]Aki. — It iz hens aprcrpriet tu 
kol fsrder atenjon tu serten immidietii avclabel mJnz of 
bol preFentig and repreaig kr^m of eFeri k^nd, wbi^ bar 
bin strenjli neglekted ^rmout de kigdom. 

SeFeral yirz agcr, a Feri i^sful megur, " ae Pr even Jon 
OF ILvim Akt," woz past. It giFz pouerz tu majistrets 
and de polis tu eksertiz a ^stv BiiperFi5on, not eruli aver 
akti^ali konvikted kriminalz, b^t (vrhot iz stil mar impor- 
tant) oTFer de maniifaktiirerz of kriminalz ; aFer ler lojig- 
-hous kiperz, dilerz in marin starz and stalen gudz, and 
de manejerz of disrepi^tabel p^blik bouzez, whig ar de 
rezort of ^der kouFikted or svspekted ofenderz. It enakts 
dat dis klas of personz me not bi harbord tugeder on 83q 
premisez, iven on de pli of refrejment or rekriejon, and 
dat drigkig lisensez me not enli bi forfeted for a ferst 
kouFikJon for pruiFd transgrejon of de Akt, bvt dat de me 
Li refi^zd, on its biig Jan tu de satisfakjon of de majis- 
trets datde aplikantsfor reni^al haF habitiiali harbord dis- 
orderli personz, or dat ssg personz haF med de premisez 
der rezort. 

Se Lwton Eksperiment. — Lmton, in Bedfordjer, iz ol- 
mast de anli toun of importans whiQ haz riali karid out i 
dis Akt for p^rposez ov lakal prevenjon. ae konsekwent | 
sskses der agird haz bin remarkabel. Kr^m in jeneral 
haz bin diminijt fifti per sent, in Qv yirz ; de warst kr^mz, 
<iz ov vloleTis, 8eFenti-f|v per sent. Disorderli psblik houzez 
hav bin lesened bj twenti per sent., whilst de remender 
hav bin gretli qeujd for de beter. ae number of komit- 
alz tu jel, from Luiton and its Fisiniti, in 1869, woz 257. 
In 1874 it woz anli 66. 

ais most important and dez[rabel rezslt ro[t bi at end in 
everi 3der part of de Xigdom b^ de adopjon of similar 
minz. Bvt whot wer daz minz ? Wei — not mirli rel^ig 
on de majistrets and de polis tu kari out de Akt of Par- 
iment. For njder of diz bodiz, olda wil'g^u dm sa, wer 

ppaktikali pouerful ensf tu mmr, Bntil prompted and 
ssparted bj a vigor^s eksprejon of psblik apinion. 

ais impetus woz inijicted bj several ernest men, az de 
let Mr Ri^ard Broun, de Rcf. Hii Smil, and a fii ^derz, 
hm oblend de signati^rz ov de prinsipal inhabitants of de 
toun tu a Memarial, 7rjig de majistrets tu enfars de Akt 
strinjentli. On de Lisensig De, a larj dep^tejon, heded 
bi de Vikar, olsa weted on de BenJ wid de sem rekweat. 
ae rez5lt woz de immidiet refi^zal of lisenez tu tferti-far 
8iiperflu3S houzez. ae polis olsa sed, " If wi kontinii tu 
bi bakt sp b^ de tounzmen and de majistrets, wi wil har- 
tili kari out de Akt." ais woz d^n and iz stil biig d^n 
in a prezwvrdi we. A hals^m dred haz tekeu pozejon of 
de laer klas ov pvblikanz, hui vijilantli worn of de krimi- 
nal and [del personz hui i^zd tu konkokt roberiz andasolts 
whilst drigki g tugeder. llivz and ragz haF dsa bin driven 
"from pilar tu past," and kompeld ider tu w»rk onestli 
or tu kwit de neb«rhud. Order and sekuriti haF bin for 
yirz de rez^lt of diz mesurz. 

Temperans best promoted bi Temperst Akfon.^BTst it iz 
important tu her in mind dat de Luiton eforts. olda rezo- 
Imt, wer tempered and diskrimineiip in der akjon. Cfnli 
de rial ** blak Jip," de disorderli houzez, or de harborerz 
OF aktivali vij^s and idel personz, wer set Tspon andtrited 
strinjentli. ae Majistrets and Polis wer moderet whilst 
ferm. ae Rev. R\i Sraii, J.P., wzju of de ^if lakal pra- 
materz of de muivment, rits tu Mr Talak. Sekretari of 
de Houard Asajiejon, 29:1 Desember, 1874: •'Wi haF 
never remuiFd de liseus from a hous on di ferst ofens agenst 
ourz, eta. Wi wer kerful olsa not tu dekler eni plesez 
• popql^s,* in whig de our of klazig had privissli bin 10 
o'klok." Kwiet and orderli inz wer zindistsrbd. 

An indiskriminet klasifikejon ov hatelz, wel kondzrkted 
from yir tu yir, and iizd bi ol klasez ov sasieti, from de 
Ewin douuwardz, wid de la kiperz ov disorderli houzez, 
mvst tend mirli tu konsolidet everi sekjon of de tred intu 
a kompakt and pouerful falanks agenst ol atempts at re- 
strikjon. ae Jeneral Elekjon ov 1874 woz svjestiv on dis 
point. Nor wil intelijent pvblik apinion and de popi^Iar 
sens OF j^stis toleret eni indiskriminet atempt tu svpres 
orderli and disrepi|,tabel houzez alik. Hens eforts at re* 
strent, bi ligal minz, Jud bi konsentreted vpon de rioters 
jin-j9ps and de la bir-houzez, ofen vertical brodelz— de 
plesez wher vijvs personz rjali rezort, wher prostiti|,ts and 
divz ar sin, and wher de drsgkard and de krimiua^ mat 
and ar enksrejd in der habits. 

SsQ rizonabel konsentrejon of opozijon me bi ekspekted 
tu sekqr in mast plesez, az at Luiton, a svfijent amount 
OF pi^blik sspart tu agiF its objekt. Eventi^ali pvblik 
apinion mit olsa sag k Jon a maksirmim limit ov sa meui 
psblik houzez tu everi 10,000 pipel, a mesur whig, whil 
diminijig disrepi^tabel houzez, nud rez de valii ov wel- 
-kondvktod inz, az a properti. 

EkzisiiQ Lo haz den olredi given a praktikabel minx 
ov rediisir) violent khimz seoenti-fiv per sent. It anli re- 
menz for de frendz of order in ig 7der lakaliti tu ellsit, bi 

Digitized by 


20 Feb., 1875. 



LI, Br: Ww, Yy, H h.— Aa, riB;Ee, ee;Ii, Li:Oo, Ooj "S v, 0<r;Un, UJm. 

<a«, roBri ray, yea, tay. — pat, olme; pn, age; pit, <at: pDt, all; bat, sldi pat, eote. 

my, n*r. 

ernest and kombind akjon, dat prejur ov pMik vpinioriy 
Tridout whig not ivcn de majistrcsi kan widstand de vested 
interests iven ov de n^raer^s disrepntabel houzcz. Ov 
k^rs. de di6k«Uiz wil hi grcter in a fq. plcsez whig rocre- 
zembel Liverpml, \vher skerrz ov pTjblik or ** korner " 
houzez ar e-nd bj several roajistrets. Ue Rev. Mr N'qjent. 
-ov Liverpml, remarks, " Korner men (strit rsfianz), and 
• korner' wimen tm, ar mcd bj * korner houzez.' " 

A Bermipham MeOod. — AnTjder toun, Bermigham, haz 
rjsentli witnest af^rder praklikal atempt tu diminijkrim, 
whig iz W3rdi ov jeneral imitejon. Rrm de eforts ov a h\ 
ckselent personz, kountenanst bj de kerti^s ker-opercjon 
ov de Stipendiari Majistret, Mr T. C. S. Kinerzli, de Po- 
IJs Inspekter, and ^der ofijalz, a siriz ov regular vizits 
hav bin ped tu drygken and disorderli ofenderz, after de 
hav bin tcken intu ksstodi bj depolis. Whilst imposterz 
hav bin garded agenst, ST^g prizonerz az manifest a dez^r 
tu lisen tu gud kounsel, hav bin med de s^bjekts ov fsr- 
der vizits, and ov eforts tu obten emploiment from dem on 
reklamejon. W^n ofender, siksti tjinz privi^sli in kijs- 
todi, haz dys bin reklemd. Rri vder ofenderz, br«derz, 
hav bin so* ofen and konstantli ri-komited, dat de ofijalz, 
in invjtii) de viziterz tu hz der gud eforts wid dem, remarkt 
— ** If \\ kan mck orderli and serber men ov diz ^ri br^derz, 
II wil spidili srv Bermigham £1,000 bj d4t alern." It iz 
tu bi hapt dis eksclent sistem ma bi gretli ekstended, 
bffl at Bermigham and meni T^der plesez ^rmout de 

cle Lmton plan ekzempliQz whot me bi dvn b[ minz ov 
^kzistig Lo, de Berroigham w«n, de qs ov moral 8we3on, 
iven on aperentli heples and abandond ofenderz. 

Kr'im Kozd hi 'Over-krouded Dweb'pz. — In ol konsider- 
cjonz ov krjm, espejali ar^zig from intemperan8,'it iz nid- 
ful tu ber in m^ud dat dis iz, in a gret degri, Irozd b^ uder 
ivilz, and bj sevir privcjonz. For ekzampel, meni kom- 
plcnf 8 ov v^olens hav ksm from Liverpml and Mangester. 
B^t, konsiderig de lot ov multiti^dz ov der pipel, it iz won- 
derful de ar ser orderli az de ar. <Ie densiti ov popqlcjon 
in Liverpml iz dsbel dat ov London. 30,000 familiz in it, 
or 150,000 pipel, rezjd in siggel rmroz, ov whig 15,000 ar 
selarz, ofen filli, dark, and badli, if at ol, drcnd. Kcrful 
statistikal obzervejonz in Mangester, ekstendig ever de 
past ten yirz (bj de Siti Ofiser ov HeM) Jer dat wheraz de 
anqal mortaliti in its helliest part iz euli 4 per 1,000, it 
amounts tu 70 per 1,000 in its me-st erver-krouded parjon. 
Qe averej mortaliti woz 30 per 1,000, or 10 mor dan a 
normal 6\ 20 per 1.000. S-is impljz (mili rekonig de siti 
popnlcjon at 300,000) a mortaliti ab^v de averej, at deret 
ov 3,000 ekstra per anom, or 30,000 in de ten yirz ! Whot 
ar de worst relwe aksidents, or Jipreks, tu sog a sakrifjz 
ov Ijf P Hou mog Jb^m, in adijon tu de^, haz bin pro-diist 
bj dis stet ov ^igz, iz crnli uern tu de Omnijent Won. cle 
risent ekspiriens ov Glasger iz veri sojestiv. A fq yirz 
ag^ de de^-rct ov its icsrst distrikts woz 100 per 1,000. 
Bi gret imprmvments in sauilari inspckjon and openig op 
krouded fpots, de hoi deJ-ret ov de siti haz bin redqst 

nirli 1,000 per anom, and de kcsez ov krjm and disorder 
from 11.000 in 1867 tu 8,000 in 1873. 

Sog fakts azde abov Jo dat, 1^hil de kriminal klasez Jud 
bi ponijt vi\d de jost strinjensi esenjnl for deterens and 
poblik sekqriti, de Jud never bi de sobjekts ov an indis- 
krirainctig kondemncjon. Karljl termz dem ** diabolic 
canaily' and hiz spirit haz tm larjli influenst som promi- 
nent spikerz and rjterz opon krjm. Hiz r^tigz ar w^z and 
iisful, in som direkjonz. Bot on dis sobjekt a far hjer 
Qforiti haz bin witnest az komig " tu sik and tu sev ivcn 
dat whig woz lost.** 

Se Ktnstian Car^ez. — 3"e Kristian Gorgez. bj der Min- 
isterz, der Organizejon, der Viziterz, der Skmlz, der Sojal 
Internvikstiir and oder cjensiz, konstitqt de gretest ov ol 
induensez tu prevent krjm (*) Gret olso iz de pouer whig 
de me eksersiz bj setig fori de sinfulnes ov inteniperans 
and Oder ivilz, az objekts ov Divjn di8ple3ur. Bot de 
gorgez dm not yet sofijentli aplj der prinsipelz tu de i^s 
ov aoelahel melodz ov gud. cle dm not sofijentli rekog- 
njz dat God deklerz Hiz wfl tu man bj Fizikal Lo (sani- 
tari loz for ekzampel) az wel az bj Ministri and de Bibel. 
If (Jouzandz ov personz fol intu kr^ra and del, in Liverpml 
or Mangester, drm orver-kroudig, de Gurgez demselvz Jud 
mor praktikali rekognjz de vois ov God in sog a fakt, kolig 
dem tu de rjt us and obzervejon ov boJ human and fizikal 

It iz mater for satisfakjon dat de Gorgez in diz gret 
tounz, and elswher, hav letli bin holdig larj mitigz for 
united prcr and prez. So far, dis iz ekselent. Bot diz 
qnited prerz wil not bi de mor akseptabel tu Heven. if 
der insens rjzez from tounz s^d bj s^d wid de rik ov louz- 
andz ov pestilent selarz and sojal abi^sez^ whig doz Gorgez 
kud dm mog tu awip awe b^de dilijent ^s ov de minz and 
infiuens whig Providens haz olredi plest widin der rig. — A 
serhilar hi an Ekzektiiiv Komiti ov de Jlouard Afojitjon, 


3B wons sat on a boks wid a drjver hm ekspended tw^s 
de horsflej nesesari tu akomplij de dezjrd rezolt. cler 
woz a gold spot, sensitiv az an \ nir de for-Jolder. Hi 
rigt for it wid hiz ^^hip, bekoz hi kud derb^ start de hors 
wid a greter sodennes. If hi mist togig him on de ro hi 
got yekst at hiz fclur, and trjd agen. Hi jerkt him op at 
cveri stsmbel, til de pmr hors did not Xi6 whot kjnd ov a 
man hi had behind him, or hou hi Jud pliz him. cler woz 
de gretest posibel ekspenditqr ov nervos enerji for de 
akomplijment ov de jorni. * gev de pmr animal a litel 
rest bi ajmrig de bist hm drov him dat j wud hav him 
prosekqted for krmelti tu hiz sqpiriorz if hi did not behev 

cler ar a gret meni sog handlerz ov men. Log ekspin- 
ens haz given dem an araezig abiliti for findig de sot spot, 

1. ae remarkabel dimini^Jon in irij krjro, old<j larjH oig tu a gret 
omigrc/on, iz partli dii tu aktiv tempcrans ekzer/oni \y\ de Kadolik 
klorji. In 3ri D|o80sc« der moral swrjon baz praktikali klazd p^llik 
houzez on Svndez. 

Digitized by V^OO^ IV:: 



20 Feb., 1875. 

and hitir) it everi tira. 3e boi kismz harm from skral 
ckz^ltant in viktori, and rsnig ervor wid ekzuborant l^f ; 
b^t hi winsez az de desperir) vols asks if hi iz never tu 
liv of d4t dredful wbisel. 3e gerl bounsez h^m. filig for 
a merment dat it iz hem i Ji iz kvrikli korekted and teld 
dat 83<3 a rompig tom-boi dezervz ner g^q h<rra. 

$ distigklli remember sitig on de boks wid an^der k^nd 
OT driver. Hi had a personal akwentans widig individqal 
hors ; kold dem b^ nem, az Santa Kloz (Glaus) did hiz 
t[ni rendir. cle renz wer aimpli de raan'z ekstended nerrz 
tu kari hiz wijez tu de hors ; hi kud kar^s dem az viid a 
8oft pern. 3e whip m^t hav had a buke at de end ; and 
bin T^zd tu tos a l^^v-terken tu de animal, serjentli did it 
signiQ hiz wiJez. 3[e hors perfektli ^nderstud de man^ 
and delated tu pliz him. cle ir ti^rnd bak for hiz prez, 
and, getig it, bi wud 8p«rt hiz ^tmerst spid, or dro 
Eiz last ouns, and hav nor wsr'i ov fiver when it woz d«n- 
i so dat de <yld mil ov de sentor had a modern rializcjon, 
and dat de hors and man wer ^n^ted in w^n — and ddt not 
a m^ggrel, b^t livig bel komplit. He man had riali 
aded de spid and wind ov de hors tu hiz, and de hors had 
resivd de intelijens and wil ov de man, widout eni los ov 
hiz en. 

3er ar s^m sisq handlerz ov men and ^ildren. 3c ol- 
wez brig out \\t best. li fil dat \{ hav svrpast qrself bi 
der jinial ed. IL ar teld ov a gret lot \\ s^jested, and de 
it never oki^rd tu i^, i; ssmhou fil de kredit ov it. XI ar 
tw^s de man for de nekst efort. U ne ekzaktli whot iz tu 
bi dvn, and ar not paraljzd at de fir ov biig ekspekted tu 
setel ol inskrmtdbel misteriz in forti-Qv minits. cle boi 
whiselz louder, and de gerl bounsez hjer, bijt it iz bekoz 
der iz mer I^f ; and dat iz whot wi wont. B^t de vois 
dat set dez horsez fl^ig kud kw^et dem tu a wok ; se it kan 
de boi. J winder if de pasej, ** And yi, fuderz, prevek not 
Hr ^ildren tu rat," d^z not apl^ tu horsez and men. — 
Zionz Herald. (US.) 

Hapines.— It is a foU crpinioa dat hapiaes iz not nou tu bi rializd, 
bvt <nili tu kvm hirafter. It iz in kontradik/on tu Ood'z hvli w-trd, 
az wi beliv wi ar blest nou wid ol ligz dat ar riali gud for vs. Yet 
der ar personz hui ligk dat when svm partiki^lar grirans iz remnivd 
de /al bi hapL Ncr ; i^ wil bi az far from hapines az i|, ar nou. Sis 
iz de foU and wJknes ov de mind whig venli antisipets hapines from 
erili (jenjez. Bst, on de vder hand, az tim pasez bi and vndcr ol ser- 
kvmstansez, svporzig dat wi hav de nolej ov de truil and ar livig in 
hcrlines and in de l5v ov God, wi me hav dez ov heven vpon de erl. 
Ledi Elixabel Hestigs sed tu de Eountes ov Hvntigdon, ** Sins { hav 
ntm de gospel [ hav bin az hapi as an enjel." S&t wvn sentens woz 
de minz ov her konver/on. And hui kan estimet de number and im- 
portans ov de efekts whig folerd ddt genj ov hart and ][(?—8traton. 

Heumdj Eekspir^M KvtemporaH. — Hiz merits gifli ![ in hiz direkt 
and hffmli melod ov dilig wid domestik svbjekts, and de jenerali pqr 
and jinial fansi whig kslorz ssq subjekts wid a plizig, if saber Ijt. 
Nett^r iz wid him in ol, and hiz trvst in de best hitman instigkts iz 
irnweverig. Hi iz not apold b\ de korvp/onz ov scrsieti or de vileni 
ov de individual; hi haz fei dat hitman netq,r wil /jn out, pn,r and 
vnsirlid, after its temptc/onz and its ag^wij; and hi entertenz. in fokt, 
ncr dout whotever az tu its vltimet ekselens and gudnes. Infi^zd bi 
a bqtiful spirit ov tolerans and verti;, hi romenz, not a grand or mag- 
nitisent biig, b^t w«n iyrffli trui tu himself, and wid marr dan de or- 
dinari kapasiti for interpretig deaspire/onz and eraer/onz ov bq,maniti. 
— From '* HctcwTz Dramatik fVsrks" in de Kornhil Magazinfor 



3.e folcrig b^tiful prcr for pis woz riten bi Kernel A. H. J. Bqgan 
^Duganne^, hui woz, at de tim, a Federal Prizoner ov Wor at Tiler, 

Atam e/i/ec/c^4 /coz (/oan ae ^o^AeC ^am / 
a H(/ fir At ^e da^m Xar^ ov dnei^z a nr/ a e/ez 

'^ ^f4</iat/ ^u men/" tz oma.^c/ m ai^en^} 4.6t»n, 

^e^ aUcae e4Aa»i'f/f*i^M'z ^^canf/ ^fvmAei^ c^rt^ 
Aafn ^nr/ ^et uin'/ Ar»/aj^ cter ^rMef/arz/ 

anf/ Aa4^cf/iaaz an o^ecte wme/z af^ /cerey, 
ana nad/ie Aan&n ^4fir ae crfi wea aKafz* 

^' yvau /a?^, y/ ^offf/^" €ttA 4^A—anr/(fft oetf A/a<Aj^ 
au^tue/z cte r^t^ ot* Ca^c'z fii^nr/efi^^ aon / 

en iu(Xf'z i^t(/ Aa^ wa, /c^^ o^ of^Atzr/ ane/ o/Af/at, 

wiSt f//cj^ /i/en^-" M:^u /ay, p ^af^(/ / 4aa /ay ^" 

^f^am /it^Aen nfi»i^4 ae f/f*Ar f^n^/ f/a/fu/of^/^ey, 
AtQfn yeatn^ d^/z ae fentoecm au (/ejAeii / 

/rom a/ti^er/ namz ae /f^anr/z ^a i^/ ^/,n f?/^ajf 
aA>z ar ae /rAzlij ^ Jri^f^j S/> ^r/^Ym/t oer / 

i^j</ 8?<3r/ ^rrenz / ^c'z /L^ney ant/ 9!^ez fi^nr/et*^ 
^AaA az au o/a/ratn ^STtna^'z o/u/ 4iY,' 

aw/ d/ ^jOi-z e*tfen^ ^Ai ane/ dtnz eu UAvnr/er 
av^raunf/ aur Aa^UAe ane/ arwne/n if 4 ^)h/, 

^ram ^anon Aa/z anc/ taor /^rz—owA/u ooZ-zh 
ae Troe4 art^ //»// eoia ty/S:i)ez acvz 4oman^/,' 

anc/ a/ aur /a/e/ am^^J, //4 K^zrae/'z 4a/im, 

wea^r anc/ //ae*(/ au^-Aaen^ ae ^^i^amM^ J^^inf/ 

^ctc/ /e/i ¥4 o//^/3e Z/erna/ t^/m eaA meyeejt 
/i, A^man a^rivtyz anr/ /j' 4^man 4e/4 / 

^e/i^va'z AvrAat aenr/z na^ /a anr AOi^ur^ 

WaM o/f/z c/Siz w// an'/ 3^Ait ^iSi-z manf/e^ wc^j. 

Z^of/ ttenr/ iM Aa4 / ^et^ aiu ittj 6aA aur /e/aitz^ 
oar ^/ifiz, oar uetnz, at^r /a/(/z ou 4iAc ^acY/ 

(ovn a/ec/ au Korn €z m^rfi ^n fiaetzanf/ oe/erz^ 
<a>fn/A/^aiA eaiA^ aa/^aez au rer/ni'z ^Aa// / 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 

27 Feb., 1875. 



\mtik Mmtml, 



(kmm m n iemHv nMfbr tkit DepmrUunt qfik9 Jommal, Jfotice§qfBvtrHreulaiar; 
He., tkomld it writUn $0paraUig/irom UHert, and marked « Jimmai:' 
CROYDON. From Oeorpe 1Frenn,—Uj advanced and ele- 
mentary classes, reported a few weeks ago, are progressinfl: admir- 
ably. I was appointed a teacher of another elementary ciass this 
winter. All m^ pupils have become subsrtribers to the Phonetic 
Journal, which is reaching a great sale in this town. I may add 
as a bint to teachers and learners that the ** Key to the Teacher 
and Id. Exercises " is a most important book, and I would strongly 
recommend all to have a copy. 

LO.nDON. From C. iranm.— The class at the Albert Insti- 
tute, Gravel lane, South wark, still continues to go on very favor- 
ably, many gentlemen having joined lately ; some coming a long 
distance. Tne average attendfance on Monday night (the class 
night; is about twelve. There are a few vacancies for gentlemen 
wishing to join. No charge is made for the teaching. Books, 
stationary, etc., are sold at cost price. Further particuLurs can be 
obtained on application at the above Club. 

LONDON JPhonbtig Shorthakd Writbbb* Association. — ^At 
the weekly meeting of this Association, held on Thnnday, 11 th 
February, after the usual reporting practi'-e, Mr R. A. Newton 
read an interesting paper on ** American Phonography.*' In'liiB 
preliminary remarks he expressed his opinion that Pitman's Pho- 
nography was the only system based upon really scientific princi- 
ples. He had used English Phonography for about five years, 
and he had found it to answer his requirements in every way. 
It was indeed a time-saver in every sense of the word, and l^e 
could never regret the time spent in learning it. He said there 
was more than one system of Phonography in use in America, but 
the one which he intended to bring before their notice was 
Graham's alteration of Phonography. He then read several ex- 
tracts from American newspapers, speaking in very high terms 
of this particular system ; and after reading a few extracts frodi 
the introducQon oi Mr Graham's work, he proceeded to explain 
the system itself. The twelve simple vowels are the same as in 
English Phonography, except that the old vowel scale is followed 
for the dot vowels : — 

re €jfe ok i g 

He gives four signs called optional voweU : 


'1 M 

her whole 
four dose diphthongs [oi is an open diphthong — Ed.], 





aiele title oil boy 

and four open diphthongs, 


dew due 


, ^1 1 >1 >1 1 <1 A 

a§e •amng Dedif elagey gnowy Omen Noah Louie 

Coming to the prefixes and affixes in addition to the light dot 
for con VT earn, a heavy dot, signifies accom, thus : |, accommodate. 
Also in addition to the light dot for inff, he gives I a heavy dot 

for inffs, J doings, the short stroke being used to express ing the 
\v, paeeinjf the. A large stroke is written on the right for shon 
and on the left for live, thus, ^ subjection, ^ sfibjective. The 
terminations Heness and fulness are written by a small circle at 
the end, "~f questionabtenets, ^ doubtfulness, etc. Jngltf is ex- 
pressed thus : s^ knowingly, and ology thus, y zoology, or joined 

thus, (theology. Soever is o Ai whosoever, ^^ howsoever. Have 
is /very frequently omitted in phrases. To is also often 
omitted, the foUowinj? word bt-ing written beneath the line, j^-*- 
to him. Straight letters are sometimes lengthened to add ter, der, 
et(^. There is a vast number of reporting word -signs and con- 
tractions, but only a few examples were given. The lecturer said 
that besides these there were twenty-six columns of reporting sign- 
-words, and twenty columns of reporting contractions. In con- 
clusion he said he would leave it to them to say whether these 
alterations were improvements. His own opinion wa-j that it 
was a briefer system but less legible, and therefore no better than 
the English system. He then wrote some lines on the blackboard 
in the Reporting Style of American Phonography, that the mem- 
bers might see what it looked like when written. Several members 
expressed their opinion upon it : nearly all being of the same 
opinion as Mr Newton, that the system was certainly briefer but 
less legible. 

OHIO, U. S. A. From Bobert IfcCann. — I am at present oc- 
cupied in ihe Union School of this place as a teacher of the Ger- 
man language. 1 have also a class in Phonography. Most of 
my pupils are able to write from dictation at about fifty word^ 
per minute. I have several evening classes in the neighbourhood 
of Canal Dover. If 1 succeed as well as I have so far, in a year 
or two I shall have a good many phonograplmrs around me, which- 
is what I desire. 


From R. A. Newton, 90 Burford road, Stratford, Essex. — As a 
phonographer of about five years' standing, I am strongly of opin- 
ion that Phonography should be taught in our public schools. It 
is an art that every intelligent man and woman should acquire, 
and I trust the day is not far distant that shall see this branch of 
study introduced in all public schools both on this side and on the 
other side of the Atlanuo. I fully endorse the statement of the 
'* United States Journal," that ** In these fast days shorthand 
writing has become an actual necessity, and it should form a part 
of our common school education, like penm<tnship and grammar." 

Phonography commends itself to all those who desire an insight 
into the mysteries of writing as rapidly as speaking. Pitman's 
Phonography is admirably adapted to our progressive age. Any- 
one, possessed of ordinary intelligence can master it in a very 
short space of time, and 1 am sure no phonosrapher having once 
mastered the art will ever regret it or begrudge the time spent in 
its attainment. 


The Christian Spiritualist, in noticing Mr Withers's pamphlet, 
*' The English Language Spelled as Pronounced," says: — 

The anomalies of the spelling of the English language are so 
apparent that there are few persons who have not at some time 
or other experienced the difficulties to which they give rise. To 
a foreigner endeavoring to master the intricacies of our tongue 
they are simply appallmg, whilst to a child just commencing its 
education they present an obstruction so tremendous that one al- 
most wonders how they are ever overcome. Two or three years 
at least is occupied in learning that which should require no 
learning at all, and education is consequently retarded to that ex- 
tent. It ought to be as easy to learn to speU as to learn to speak, 
for indeed both should be governed by the same principle. Amidst 
the multiplicity of reforms so continually being accomplibhed im 
our day, one is puzeled to know how the wretched system of 
spelling adopted by our forefathers should be allowed to continue. 
We have got rid of a thousand obsolete and worn-out customs, 
each one by far less injurious than this one, and still this remains 
— remains, too, without any effi>rt being made to remove it except 
on the part ot a very small number of men. Mr Pitman, 'tis true, 
has achieved great results in the way of bringing about a reform 
in this respect, but he has had to fight his way, step by step, 
against the most deeply rooted prejudice, and the most pig-headed 
obdtinacy. There are men still who cling to the old system of 
spelling, as though the destinies of the empire, or the salvation of 

Digitized by 







27 Feb., 1875. 

P p, B b i T t, D d ; G q. J i ; K k, 6 g : F f, 

peep, bib ; ttmght, deed ; chiuchjudqe ; ooke, gig : /ear. 

Vy Bl, ad; Ss, Zz; 
ralr«; brea/A, brea/Ae ; Muce, r-re; 

«Aip, a«are 

Mm, N n, U g : 

their souls, were bound up in its miserable absurdities. Still, a 
great reform is imminent, and those who are working to accom- 
plish it, deserve to be held in lasting remembrance. The little 
book before us is calculated largely to aid in effecting the desired 
change. It should be read and acted upon by every head of a 
family who has the education of his children at heart. Such 
works are far too rare, and we are grateful, therefore, to any man 
wko adds to the number. 


We publish the following letter in the hope that some of our 
readers may be able to assist in this laudable undertaking : — 
" Leipzig^ 27th January, 1875. 

" Honored Sir, — Though I have not the pleasure of beine known 
to you, I take the liberty of begging a favor of you. I, and a 
friend of mine, Mr E. Bauer, are publishing, from the beginning 
of this year, a journal of shorthand literature, under the title of 
Stenograjiacken Liter aturblatt. , 

" As you will see by this title, our undertaking is intended for 
the friends of all systems of shorthand, and will therefore be 
written in current characters. We should be very glad if we 
could find persons in England, France, Italy, etc., who would 
furnish us, from time to time, with articles on the literature of 
shorthand in those countries. 

" For this purpose I venture to beg of you to be kind ^ough 
occasionally to send us notices on the above mentioned subject in 

** With this letter I send to you the first number of our journal 
that you may see the plan of the undertaking. My address is : — 
Richard Francke, Leipzig, 38 Numberger-Strasse/' 



1 2 Armitrong A., Damconner, Aachinleck. Ayrshire: teacher 

t Bamford Samuel, 10 Ashwortb street. Bocbdale 

t Booth J., Proapect cottage, Oamonothorpe laae, York road, Leeds 

1 Braid William, 94 High street, Kirkcaldy 

3 Brrant Alfred, 29 St Georee's square, Porteea : schoolmaster ' 

t 1 Cooke E. v., 73 Percival street. Miles Platting, Manchester: derk 

3 Cooper E. C, 7 Hanaver St., Bye lane, Peckbam, London, 8.E. : aoetjon.' 

eer's clerk 
t Fffther O., 61" Belmont street. Harerstook hiU, London 
t Hatton Hush, SO New road, Brighton 

1 Hay Eobert, 23 Mains street, Blytheswood, Glasgow 

* 1 Hibbs E. H., 178 Lake road, Landport, Portsmouth : solicitor's clerk 

3 Hughes William, 4 Brighton viUas, Cheltenhsm 

3 Jacobs Andvew, 19d Gooch street, Birminsham : schoolboy 

3 Lister R., jun., Nether Hesleden, Amcliffe, Skipton 

t * I Lucas T., 21 Frogmore, High Wycombe, Bucks. 

3 Mattock S. W., 5 Acland street, Peterborough : coal merohani's clerk 

3 Moors J. T., Hyde fonndrr, Hyde, near Manchester 

2 Neate 8. W., 3 Hay hill, Belmont, Bath : clerk at the Phonetic Institate 

3 Paterson C. A., 6 Windsor place, Gkisgow : arts student 

t 1 Preacher Alfred, 2 Richmosd villas, Bulwer road, New Bamet 

t Roberts Arthur, 3 Beckett street, Burman tofts, Leeds 

A Ruby Miss E. M., Lind road, Sutton, Surrey 

t Simpoon J. J., St Peter's hospital, Bristol 

t Sontor W. F., 21 Princee street, Dundee 

1 Travig J. A., careof R. Tates and Co., Stuff merchants, Bradford, Yorks. t 

t 2 Weston Charles, 12 Market street, Lewes : articled clerk 
1 Wyllie George, FuUarton place, Irrine : law apprentice 

Aterationt i^ Addr—i. 
Duff R. B., from Glasgow to 81 South Main street, Wexford 
Househam J. W.. /rom Sleaford to lA Nichol hill, Louth, Linoolnshire 
Jones T., from Mold Junction to Railway cottage, Coed Talon, near Mold, 

N. Wales 

ZtU^r$ of inquiry to M« £e/»tor of this Journal^ mutt eontain a poHagt ttamp 
or cm addrsutd potteard. Every eommunieafion must be autkenUeated bg 
ike naute and addres» qf the writer , noi ueeetearilg for pubUeaiiom, buteea 
guarantee qfgoodfaiih. 

Correction.^Tege 62, Collins T. B., for 3 read 99 

Wanted, one or two good phonograpbers to complete the postal list of the 
* Phonographic Clas**," an evercirculator written m the Corresponding and 
Reporting Styles of Phonography. For further particulars apply, enclosing 
sta-nped directed euTelope, to MrT. Jones, Railway cottage. Coed Tak>n, 
Mold, N. Wales. 

A few more members wanted on the list of the " Bicyclist and TraTcler'a 
Recreator." Articles original or selected on bicycle ndins. trareltne, and 
all kinds of ont>door amnsements. Annual subscription, 1 ', parable in ad- 
Tsnce ; paper and cover found by conductor. For particulars apply to Mr 
Caleb Adams, 28 High street, Daventry. 

There are vacancies for two or three good phonograpbers for the ** Leisure 
Hour." Articles are either original or seleeted, and written in the Report- 
ing Style of Phonography. Annual sabeoription, M. ; no other fees. Apply 
to Mr E. R. Wataoo, 17 Trafalgar street west, Scarbro* 

Mr James Moore, 17 Com market, Belfast, wants three or four phonogra- 
phers to join him in startin|[ a magaaine for mutual improvement in Phono- 
graphy and English composition. 

akortkand lAteraru Aeeeeiatitm.^T^^ Assodatioii established Aagmt, 1^74, 
oironlates the shorthand periodicals monthly, in different sectiims. Three 
days for the reading of each magasine. There is also a manuscript hook of 
articles written bv the members. Apply to Mr A. R. Hacket, Longate, 
Peterhead. Members wanted also for one or two good evercirctilators. 

Mr H. Hatton, 30 New road, Brighton, wiabes to ocMTeapond with aomeono 
on any subject. 

MrW. H. Quick, 34 Eccleston street, Preseot, writes, " I notice in the 
Tkonrlic Journal of 13 February that the entrance fee in the evercinmlator 
* Good Templar * is said to be 1/6 ; it should be &/." 

W. C. J9.— We suppose that the copy of the Bib)a^n shorthand in the 
library of the British and Foreign Bible Society inusc1>e the one we publirhed 
about seven years ago. There tras ^xte^twckek^ition in sborthaiid printed 
in Rich's system in the seventeenth cent^yifT: It waa done from engraved 
copper plates. 


Jon Eamden Nilcl d^d on de 301 ov Ogvst, 1852, and 
on de 22nd or Oktorber foleig, hiz wfl woz prouvd in de 
Karri ov Prtrbct bj de KJper ov Her Majesti'z Privi Psra, 
and 3der ekzekqtorz. de rial and personal properli woz 
sw^rn vnder a kworter ov a milion sterlig, and de hel or 
it woz left tu de KwJn for her 8<t1 hs and benefit. 

Ge wez ov genig fern and ov obtanig nerterieti ar veri 
niimervs. Svm agiv a repi),teJon bj didz or valor 3 poo 
de batel-fjld, and de nanaz ov 83Q men az Weligton and 
Napvlion wil liv for ever in histori. "5'derz wil desend tu 
posteriti az gret neval kaptenz, lik Drek and Nelson. Or 
wi kan luk bak vpon de karirz ov daz hmz mijon it wos 
not to destroi l^f bvt tu sev, and in diferent wez wi me in- 
klmd in dis kategori de nemz ov Jon Hoaard and Grea 
Darlig. Agen, der iz de filosofer, de peret, and de stets* 
man. In ig ov diz woks ov l^f wi m^t men Jon nemz whig 
wil lir for senti^riz in our najonal analz. S^m, Ij^k rig erld 
Piter Jielvson ^Thellusson), sik tu bi reroemberd bi mekig 
ekstraordinari wilz; vderz ][k Tomas Gj, (hai, brot ^p 
az a bukseler, yet amast a konsiderabel svm ov mvni b^ 
dilig in simeq'z pr^z-tikets, and jobig in Soul-Si stoks,) 
bekwidd der enormvs sevigz tu psrpos^z ov benevolens — 
and, at dis morment, de Hospital in J^Yndon whig berz 
Gi*z nem iz wi^n ov de noblest institi^Jonz in de land. 
Her hav olser bin meni kesez in « bi^ de memoriz ov men bar 
bin perpetqeted b| de restore/on ov a pies ov wvrjip, de 
adijon ov a kolej tu w^n ov de l^niversitiz, or de foundejon 
ov an edqkajonal endoument. Bvt perhaps Jon Ramden 
i Nild iz do crnli instans in modern tj,inz ov a rig man 
akwjrig a posjhiimvs no-terrieti hi livig ol hiz w^rldli 
pozejonz tu de renig sovren ; and when dis bekem pYblikli 
nern it woz tolct about ^id ol de ardor wid whig pipel 
konvers over a nij, seusejon. 3e foloig brif biografikal 
skeg ov de l^f ov de testetor me bi ov svm interest tu our 
riderz :— 

Jon Kamden Nild woz de s^n ov Mr Jemz Nild, a ne* 
tiv ov N^tsford, iu (i^ejer, hiu havig karid on de biznes ov 

Digitized by VnOO^ l^ 

27 Feb., 1875. 






LI, Br: W w, Yy, H h. — Aa, aB;Ee, 8e;Ii. LirOo, Oo; IS ^, eJa;lTu, UJui. 

luW. roar: »»y, yea, A»y. — pat, olns; pet, age; pit, eat: pot, all; bi»t, old; p»t, oose. 

my, n«M). 




a goldsmil in London, bekem a yeri weUi man, and pvr- 
Q88t estets in several ot de hem kountiz. 3e svbjekt ot 
dis memwor woi bora in de yir 1780 ; and after resivig a 
gud klasikal ediikajon, hi woz enterd at Triniti Kolej, 
Sembrij, wber hi tuk de degr.i ov B.A. and M.A. Ui 
afterwards bekem a 8tq,dent at Linkon's In, and in 1808 
woz k<dld ta de bar. In 1814 hiz fader djd, and hi 
svksided tu de herl ot hiz properti. Wheraz de fader bad 
bin partiki^larli noted for de eksers^z ov konsiderabel 
benevolens, (and bad orijineted a sosieti for de relif ov 
personz imprizond for smol dets.) de ssn erli manifested 
a parsimcrnivs tendensi, whig svjested avaris, and gradi^ali 
developt inta a narer and m^zerli spirit. Hi woz not de 
hi-serld kvntri jentelman ; hi woz rairli a reklms, hm kerd 
Ds^ii) for de sports ov de fald, or de plejurz ov de farm, 
bvt hi deverted hiz herl ekzistens tu hipig vp mor mvni 
^ vpon hiz dredi ekstensiv riqez. Wid ampel minz for de 
-enjoiment ov l^f, hi livd in a puirli-fsrnijt hous in ^Chejoe) 
Wok, W7n ov de kw^etest hants ov €yelsi. Hiz apirans, 
when hi venti^rd ferri, woz az pekivliar az hiz habits; 
and veriss sterriz flerted about de neb^rhud ilvstrativ ov 
de peni^riss dispozijon whig pozest him. W-^n terld de 
^er bou, wid everi Uksi^ri at hiz komand, hi slept on 
de ber bordz, baf-starvd hiz favorit kompanioo — a blak 
kat — and kept hiz t^x fimel servants on de lerest posibcl 

Mr Nild frikweotli wentdoun tu luk at hiz estets inde 
konnii ov Bskigbam, and when hiemploid eni workmen, 
woz akvstomd tu sit and wog dem ol de,. so az tu akm no 
^dlig. On si^q okesooz hi med biz diner from de most 
frmgal far. Hiz dres woz min and Jabi \ hi woz ofen 
outat^elboz, and biz stokigz wer invsriabli in holz. Hi 
never wor a gret kot, iven in de most biter winter weder, 
asd on wvn okegou when hi bad baa tu vizit hiz properti, 
and woz retvrnig on de top ov a koQ, Idad in de most 
regsd atir,.hiz feio-pasenjerz, ^igkig, hi wos a puir and 
deked jenlclmaa, avb^kr^bd amvgst demselvz tu giv him 
a ^las ov brandi and woter, whi^ Nild woz not ajsmd tu 
akseptl In lukig over hiz estets in Bvkighamjer, bizoes 
~ JrJkwenili rekw^rd hiz prezens der for several dez, and it 
woz hiz kvstom oa diz okesone tu Jer de kara fmd and de 
inadekwBt akomodpjon ov de pmre^JLiur hiz tenants. In- 
nqmerabel akts ov minnes ar rekorded ov him. Hi wud 
beg a besin ov milk from de w^vz ov nidi tenants; 
wud invest a pern in ^ri egz, tm ov whiq, boild veri hajrd, 
hi med serv for hiz diner, wh^l de ^erd.w.oz put iutu hiz 
poket Tor de nekat mornig'z brekfast; hi wud alou de 
pmrTwamaii~wh8r hi woz lojig tu mend hiz, raged klodz 
widout remi^BereJon ; and in hiz vizits tu hiz tenants hi 
wud t^k^ out ov hiz poket a sandwi^ or a drj^pis ov bred 
JjoA bster, ask Uv tu plea, dem in a k^bord, and asertan 
dat da wer sef bi an ekzaminejon at Jort intervalz! 
AmsgsThlz eksentriaitiz me bi menjoud hiz vnsisig dez^r 
tu ekzamin de kwoliti ov de soil on dtferont parts ov biz 
properti. Hiz inTestigep>n ov de neti^r ov de land and de 
maner ov its ksltivejon woz ov de most mini^t karakter; 

hi kept an ekzakt akount ov de nvmber ov triz whig grui 
7pon hiz farmz, and it woz not vnkomon for bim tu wok 
twelv or fiftin mjlz, kount de fi( triz vpon hiz land, and 
return over de sem distans. Yet an oke^^ooal glimps ov 
de man'z beter nst^r woz disernibel ^rm de krsst ov avaris 
and inhospitaliti wbig apird tu hav beksm so habitq,al tu 
him. Svmtimz, oldo it mvst bi konfest veri rerii,— hi 
invited doz wid hmm hi had biznes tu d^n wid him, and 
de parti wud den sit doun tu a jenerss entertenment. 
When it woz over, hi wud renouns ol l9ksq,riz, and ret»rn 
tu de frmgal fer tu whig bi woz aksstomd. At de sem 
t^m Mr Nild, az aYral, refq^zd ol aplikcjonz for qaritabel 
kontribitjonz. Ser wer, it iz trm, asm eksepjonz. Hi 
W7n8 gev a sovren toardz de ekspensez ov a S^nde-skml ; 
at anvder t{m hi ssbskr^bd several poundz tu asist in de 
bildig ov a skml whig woz konekted wid svro ov biz B^k- 
ighamjer properti ; hi iven sent £50 tu a Trenig Eolej ; 
and evhskr^bd everi yir tu de London As^lvm for de in- 
strskjon and empioiment ov de bl^nd. And it iz fsrder 
rekorded ov him dat, persivigi sinz ov klevernes in a svn 
ov wvn ov hiz tenants^ bi himself ped de kost ov de boi'z 
edHkcJon for de profejon ov de <33r<3, and dis boi bekem • 
a distiggwijtskolarand a dignitari in de^^rg ov Iggland. 
Stil, diz fitful glimz ov gudnes wer ins^^fijent tu reliv 
de jenerali bard and vnsimpa^etik netqr ov de man. 
When, on de 30i ov O^at, 1852, hi d^d at de ej ov seventi- 
ttu, der woz not w^n tu Jed a tir over biz grev, or tu 
lament biz loa. (itie blak kat privi78li menjond woz in 
jii^^mber when^lki bridd hiz last^' cle kontentroy hiz 
wil had bekirm widii-non b^'de t^m ov de ar^vat ov de 
datfikst for de fq,neral, and it wud bi diflkiflt tu se wheder 
kqrioaiti, amezment, or kontempt woz de predominant 
filig amsgst de kroud ov gczerz hm asembeld in (i^eni 
Wok tu witnes de remmval ov de remenz, and gaderd in 
de Qzrrg and q^rgyard at JSor^ Marston, Bskighnrojer, 
tu si de r^ts ov sep^iti^r performd over dis siggnlar per- 
son). At hiz oa dezjr hi woz berid in de qansel ov de 
edifis, de rmf ov whig, when out ov reper 8«m yirz privi- 
vsli (hi biig lesi ov de rektori), hi had kozd tu bi reperd 
wid strips ov kaliko^ grimli obzervig dat it wud " last hiz 
t^m." Hiz tenaiUs and hiz leborerz wer der, bst no s^ ov 
regret eskept dem az de bodi ov der landlord woz kons^nd 
tu de tmm. Hi m^t hav skaterd blestgz am^gst bvndredz 
ov hiz felO'kritiira;. yet hi preferd tu stint himself ov ol- 
most de ordinari k^m forts ov l^f ; and b^ hiz wfl de pasej " 
ov Skriptq,r mjt bi sed tu bi fulfild — " ^ntu him dat haJ 
falbi given." 

When de Kwin kcm intu pozejon ov de properti, Ji in- 
krist Mr Nild'z bekwest tu biz ekzekq,torz from £100 tu 
£1,000 ig ; provided for biz cjed houskiper, tu hmm, ol- 
do Ji had livd wid him mor dan a kworier ov a sentq,ri, 
Mr Nild had not left a peni ; and sekq^rd an aoiiiti tu Ms 
Nil, de wjf ov w«n ov de desiat mizer'z tenants, btu, in 
1828, had prevented him from kariig out an atempt ^pon 
hiz on l^f, inditat, az it wo;$ belivd at de t^m, b^ a s^den 
and ifnekspekted fol in de valq ov STm stoks in whig hi 

Digitized by 





27 Feb., 1875. 

bad inrested. Her Majesti o1s<t resterrd de qansel ov 
Norl MarstoQ Qvrg, de rettii)-pl88 or her eksentrik bene- 
faktor, and inserted an oriel winder ov handsomli-stend 
^las tu hiz meniori. Bvt n^lii) wil ever mek d&t meniori 
grin in de rekolekjonz ov de parijonerz ov de k« ^et Birk- 
ighamjer vilej ! W id an imen> fild for de ekBernjz ov 
qariti open beferhim , Jon K amden Nild had ^ der rejekted 
or given ner konsiderefon whotever tu de klemz ov de n u- 
meryg klasez ov de pmr and helplea, hniz sypqrr t bj 
volyntari kontribufonz iz de prjd and ^\ erri ov de land. 
ge bl^, de konsymp tjvj de paralitik , de_orfan, ol wer 

p ast gver widout a remem bran s ! Wid opor tqnitiz ov 
diuip god whig fol tu de lot ov byt fq, in dis Ijf, hi had 
( herrded 9p a splendid fortiin whip nilt bav mad meni a 
' baren plea gpon de er;^ smil wid gladnes ; killes, kinles, 

hiz last ourz ypon erl wer gnbrerken bj de sobz ov merrniq 
relativz ; and gnl»vd and ynregreted. hi sapk intu de 

> grev, havia d^n nylig ^roiout hiz log Ijf tu win de afekjon, 

( ^d litel tu merit de estim. ov hiz feler-men. 

Mr Nild pozest konsiderabel ligal nolej, and despot hiz 
narer-m[ndedne8 on de svbjekt ov mvni, hi retend tu de 
last a Iw for de en Jen t klasiks, and olaer for modern pcretri 
and jeneral literatqr. 


Men ar apt tu bi veri bad j^jez ov der orn pouer ov givig 
demselvz tu riali nq modz ov Ijf. It simz priti serten, in 
spit o? hiz qmor3s ese, dat if ^arls Lam kud hav taken 
haf W3rk, insted ov bi\i^ komplitli siiperaniieted at de ej 
ov 6rti, hi wud hav bin a miFQ hapier and a mvr prerdvk- 
tiv man in hiz later yirz dan hi akttiali woz. For in hiz 
kes it nided de kontrast bet win dn^jeri and literati^r, and 
de jentel tonik tu hiz enerjiz whi^ fikst habits ov wyrk 
gev him, tu brig out de ful pie ov hiz qmor and literari 
talent. Beqrd men,,iven wid de amplest klemz on der 
t^m, ar seldom ebel tu wvrk at der nq, okqpejonz widout a 
a konsiderabel kwontiti ov de erld kjnd ov W3rk tu mek 
demfil bizi. A task whig me bi dvn at eni t^m iz dvn at 
nzsn. 3e paradoks dat ernli de bizi hav eni le5ur iz per- 
fektli trui. 

Houever, wi s^spekt dat whot meks meni men luk for- 
ward SGT igerli tu an erli retirment from der regqlar leborz, 
iz not ser msq de krevig for t^m tu devat tu Tsder p^rsqts 
dan dat ov der men kolig, az de veg hop dat in greter 
kwjetnes ov l^f de me gen a trankwiliti and klimea ov 
spirit tu whig Igglijpraktikal Ufizastrenjer, ne, for whig, 
in de h^ri ov peti engejments and akonstant nesesiti for a 
klers pakig ov smol endevorz, der iz ne ruim left. 

Wj 838pekt dat whot iz nided for merst men iz not an 
erli retjrmeiit from praktikal lif, ynder de ilmgon dat legur 
wil giv a UH klirnes tu de mjnd'z vigon. b^t not 3nfrik went 
intervalz ov rial retirment Jrmout its biziest part ; dat 
insted ov emig at mir " bolide." and whot iz kold cenj and 
rekriejon. wi Jud em et sekqrig intervalz whig wil enebel 
3S merr or les tu understand ourselvz, and tu we our emz, 
az wel az de minz wi ar p^rsiiio tu gen doz emz ; in Jort, 
dat insted ov de konstant stren for«iardz, S3m ov our va- 
kejoi) Jud bi retrits from l^f tu enebel tsb tu si hou it wud 
apJr tu T58, wer it riali de end, and hou. if a uq, term or it 
bc|;inz, wi Jud trj tu mdd it ani^. — Sptttetor. 

A Toronto* kontemporari prints de foleig ekstraordinari 
sterri, for de trml ov whig it vougez : — 

Mr Jon ^swerl ^Eiswirth) iz a Jerman b^ ber^. Hi 
kem tu dis kentri in 1849, brigig hiz w^f wid him. Q.e 
had bin hir about a yir when de resivd a leter stetii) dat 
a bmder ov Ms *^wert woz afj ruit tu Amerika ; bvt from 
d&t tim tu dis de hav never sin der relativ. l$p tu de t^m 
ov de wor deekspekted hi wud tvrn vpsvm tim, b^t wheo 
de 7nhapi sivilstrifswQpt ever de land, and pis kem agen, 
and yet ner tidigz ov de misig man, hi woz merrnd az lo»t, 
and az de yirz rerld bi, if not aktqali forgoten, biz fet wos 
a misteri whig it woz ^ot wud never bi eksplend. 

And nou kvmz a siggq,lar oksrens in konekjon wid de 
kes. About ^ri wiks a^er, Mr ^werl had a drim. Hi 
^ot hi woz sit^d in a kar at de depg on Asjlam strit^and 
^herld jiwe at Utnig spjd . Past vilejez, tounz, and sitiz j 
Jnu valiz, orver riverz and plenz — on ! wid a raj and a rcrr, 
stopig for nvlig, and hidig nv^ig. It si rod tu de drimer 
dat hi woz biig karid, mvg agenst hiz wil, ^ouzandz ov mils 
from herm. Whi it woz ser hi had not de fen test konsepjon. 
Hi woz ^nder a mistirivs influens dat gend him tu hiz sit, 
and med him a slev ov its pouer. At last de tren slakend 
its spid and kem tu a holt, and Jon found himself muivii| 
alog wid de pasenjerz hui wer mekig der eksit from de 
karz. When wans outsid hi diskaverd dat hi woz in a 
strenj siti, and amag strenjerz. Hi askt a man wher hi 
woz. Hi woz terld, •* St Lmi." ** Bat," sez Jon, " i liv 
in Hartford ; i wpnt nalig in St Lmi." 3e strenjer smild, 
and past on, livig our Hartford frend az perplekst az ever. 
Whil standig in hiz traks, wanderig whot tu dm, hi so at 
a distans a figqr whig sent a ^ril ov joi irm hiz frem. It 
woz hiz log-lost brader-in 1o. It had bin merr dan a 
kworter ov a^sentqri sins Jon had set hiz iz on him, and 
tim had warkt a gret genj inliiz apirans, bat for ol d&t 
our frend rekognizd him, and ran terardz him, haloiig at 
de top ov hiz vois, az if afred hi mit disapir. 3e mi tig 
woz a kordial wif n, and de per selebreted de event at a stilij 
salmn, wher f^mig m^gz ov *' lager '* pled a prominent part. 
He nekst Jon nq hj found himself awek at hiz h^m in 
Park strit. B^t hiz drim had med a strog imprejon, and 
dm whot hi wud. hi kud not forget it. 3.kt veri de saoi 
klark in de Hartford Perst/)68 mit hav sin a leter adreat 

tu Mr , ov St Lmi, wid de instrakjon on de end ov de 

envelop — '*If not kold for widin ten dez, retarn tu Jon 
^wer^, Hartford, Eon." Mr ^wer^ sez dat hi sent de 
leter adrest tu hiz brader-in-lo widout de remotest eka- 
pektejon ov hirig from biro. Hi sent it tu reliv hiz mind. 
Bat after de misiv woz sent hi mit never hav ^ot ov it agen 
if s^m^ig startlig had not okard a deor tih sins. Jon woz 
at herm wid hiz famili when de perstman kem tu de derr 
and deliverd a leter. It woz perst-markt "St Lmi." It 
woz tern epen wid tremqlas -Bggerz, and tu der gret joi 
it woz found tu bi from der log-lost relativ in anser tu de 
leter whig Jo n had forwarded in erbidiens ^tujiiz drim. 
It apird biWIe tir datde St Lmi Jerman h ad bin^ mag 
in de dark az tu biz sister'z and ^swer^*s wherabouta aa 
da had bin in regard tu him. 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 

27 Feb., 1875 




From " Ereningfl at Home, in Words of One SjUable/' by permiMion 
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She eoald not even kSas her mother m she did a month 
before ; ihe eren queetioeed her beaatj. She thought it oneeemlj 

in her, » widow, to laugh and Jett wiUh lo jonng a man ! 

W "I V > f 4 sM^*-- " S ""' ' 
And ahe had none to tell all this to — no one to confide in; and 


then ihe wondered what the had to oonfide 1 For the flrat time 

she quarreled with her maid, and tossed the blue ribbon from her 
hair. She refliaed to go riding with her Qotlvsr' »nd her 
oonain, tiiough her brown mare stood pawing beneath her window ; 

^ ^, . y r ( • 4, V, y V. 

and jet, when she saw .-them ouitering through the trees, she burst 

into an agonj of tears. She thought her heart would bare leaped 

from her bosom, when Ardour clasped a bracelet on her arm; 

and jet she felt inclined to dash it on the carpet, when she 

\ < .1. \ -- ^ ^ ^ ^. ' ^ 

perceived that he had bestowed one <^ CTcn greater beauty on her 

mother. There was something most tender in his twining a wreath of 

forget-mcnots for her hair ; bnt then he presented her mother 

■5 \^^ -fx ; ^^ • ^ c 

with A booqoet of mjrtle. He gavo her a rose«bud ererj 

^•; . C ; -- S -r^ • ^ X 

morning; bnt then he gave her motlier a roM. 

"^ L 

\ X 

Mrs Sidnej seemed ncTer to hare been happj before. The 
lustre of triumph beamed from her deep blue ejes ; her ftiU 

^ ^ V ' Ux £, ^^, ^ > 

heart loTcd for the first time. She was not, like Kate, ignorant of the 
CMt. She put awaj with a reason her determination that no one 

' "S ' "^ ^ Lp ^ < ) -^ X 

should interfere with her child's education — that was completed. 
And then he lored Kate so dearlj — he spoke of her so 

^ X I r, -^.-^ ^^ ^,c^ 

nnceasing^j. He could onlj, of course, regard her as a child, where 

there was such a disparitj of fears t Kate was serent^en, and he 
y j)x fl! ^ • ^.^J -•\ ^ ^\ 

nearlj thirtj. Monstrous I She was a child— she might be his child. 

->^ ^'^ ^ ^ '^ \^^l --^■! 

Vo, not quite. She counted on her fingers— thirteen jearsl 
that was a disparit j indeed I She merer cherished an idea of the disparitj 

"^ vfx -r, V y -^ o /-' ^<^, 

on her side. Well, if she could not be his child in realitj, 
she might be his bj marriage ; there could be nothing to preTent 

<x V O^! (, a r\~^\ ^ ^ 

that. Poor Catherine I This first Iotc came upon her in the 
Tflrj senith of her life; not stealthilj, but openlj, and at once. 

ywiMyrin''^ *\-^x 

She knew it — she saw it — a bright, honorable affection. 
How proud she should be to giTc her child such a father ! How 

^ s ^^ ^ ^ \ ^ ^\ y'^ \x 

proud to bestow such a child upon her husband ! She was rerj happj. 

Digitized by V^OOQ IC 

27 Feb., 1875. 



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27 Feb., 1875. 

(£<y on pagt 93.) 

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(ConehuUcLJ {To he continued.) 

Digitized by 


27 Feb., 1875 



{K^ to Corre9ponding 8UiU, page 88.) 
Artliur h<id not'said anytliiiif^ directly ; but indirectly he had en- 
treated her to form his establishment. Be had hoped they might 
nerer be separated. He dwelt with much praise on her admirable 
maternal manafirement, in having matured her daughter's mind ; 
**blit how could it be otherwise than perfect,*' he had said, 
M moulded as it was on her own P" Suddenly recalled to town, 
he told her that his existence depeDd«-d on their soon meeting 
again. He kissed her hand ; and while poor Kate hid her tears 
in the solitude of her chamber, Catherine wondered what Lady 
Anne would say, when she really became a wife for the second 
time— wife to ue representative of a baronetcy to which Arthur 
was next heir ; a baronetcy three hundred years in their family. 

The next post brought a letter. This time Kate was not called 
to read it with her Catherine locked herself into the boudoir, 
that she might enjoy its contents to the full. 

The fint page was almost all she hoped ; it treated with manly 
tenderness of tneir early days. Once, even in that page, she felt 
an unpleaaant emotion, when he wrote of his *' looking up to her '* 
with the veneration which boys feel for eldbr sisters. She did 
not think that boys at all *< venerated " their elder sisters. 

The next page ! her heart palpitated violently — the room swam 
round— the letter trembled in her hand— her eyes seemed floating 
with stiirs — she could not pull back the curtain — she would have 
giren worlds for the glass of water that stood on the table — she 
could not reach it — her eyeballs felt hot and burning— she was 
filled with indignation— she imagined she had been tnfled with ! 
Had he not sp>ken of a speedy return P Had he not asked her to 

form his f^stablishment ? Had be not praised Ay, there 

it was ! he bad indeed praised her child ! She laid her head on 
the table and wept There it was ! he had praised her child, she 
thought, as a child. She saw it now. She was so proud of his 
admiration of Kate ! she remembered how he eulogized her. She, 
Catherine, thought it had been for love of her — for her gratifica- 
tion. Alas ! it was for his own. It could not be that she would 
cherish a moment's jealousy of her own child. With a proud 
indignation against herself she arose and walked about the little 
room. Flinging wide the casement, then looking into the garden 
beneath, she saw Kate caressing a larae dog Arthur had kft be- 
hind him : Kate, who used to be so afraid of " great dogs," had 
laid her cheek upon Uie creature's head. She called to her sud- 
denly, in a tone of unaccustomed anger. The girl looked up 
astonished : her face was bathed in tears. Catherine said she 
wanted nothing, and shut the window. 

She re-perused the letter. What had she to blame her cousin 
for— unless it was the imprudence of setting hi? heart upon so 
young a woman ? He alluded to tiiis. saying that he thought he 
could not hare done so, were it not that Kate had been her child 
— her pupil He spoke of the hearafter, when thf^y three should 
Hye together. He entreated her influence " to teach Kate to love 

(X4y to BepoHing 8t^U, page 88.) 

It may be however, that attendance at public worship is not 
possible to us. In this case we may still rejoice that the Lord is 
to be found wherever He is sought; that Ue is not confined to 
temples made with hands ; that neither at Jerusalem alone nor on 
H ount Oerizim alone may men worship the Lord, but that He 
may everywhere be worshiped in spirit and in truth. It is this 
sincere spiritual worship that brings the soul into communion 
with the Lord. This worship springs from the soul's hungering 
for goodness and thirstiag for truth. Wherever such souls are, 
there the Lord will fulfil his promise and they shall be filled. 
Public worship is a sacred duty and a precious privilege ; but 
when sioknesa or infirmity prevents it, private wor^p is equally 
blessed. Of all who truly and devoutly worship it may be said, 
** They go from strencth to strength, everyone of them in Zion 
appearetb before God." 

This increase in strength is the blessed consequence of our being 
** filled" by the Lord; and our being thus •• filled" is dependent 
on our having " hungered and thirsted after righteousness." We 
may become stronger in faith— able to know more fully and to see 
more clearly the truth as it is in Jesus ; to know of His doctrine 

whether it be of God ; to find more fully that the truth is in u 
and that it makes us free. We ma^ become stronger in love — 
having our hearts more and more purified from selfish and worldly 
lustf , and more and more filled with love to God and man. We 
may grow stronger in trusting in the Lord's mercy and grace ; 
stronger in resisting the devil, the world, and the flesh ; strong<»r 
in ceasing to do evu and in learning to do well ; stronger in peace 
and joy and hope. We shall appear before God, and the Lord 
will be more plainly revealed to us ; for " they that wait upon 
the Lord shall renew their strength ; they shall mount up with 
wings as eagles ; they shall nm and not be weary ; they shall 
walk and not fidnt." {Isaiah xl 31.) 


" Whom hare I in heaven but Thee f and there is none npon earth that I 
desire beside Thee. Mj flesh and my heart faileth : hot God is the strength 
of my heart, and my portion for eTer." — Ptalm lixiii. 2S, 26. 

This psalm pictures to us a very common experience. The 
psalmist had seen the wicked prosper in worldly matters, know- 
ing but little trouble, and increasing in riches, firm in strength, 
proud in heart, and setting their mouth against the heavens, and 
he wondered at tbeir prosperity. So he is led to examine whether 
mere worldly prosperity can ever satisfy the souL He refiects on 
the dangers wnich attend the possession of great wealth. He de- 
scribes uie sad state and miserable end of those to whom riches 
are a snare. He seeks to point out what alone is the soul's satisfy- 
ing portion, and leads us to see the great truth — that the soul can 
find perfect peace, perfect joy, and abiding rest in the love ot God 
alone. This psalm must have helped man^ a mind, when won- 
dering at the worldly prosperity of the wicked, and marveling 
that Uiose who strive to do and to be good are often tried most 

It is a temptation to which all are more or less subject — to seek 
in worldly pursuits their full happiness ; to measure God's kind- 
ness by external success ; to regard prosperity as the chief of 
blessings. It is very difficult, even for good men, not to repine 
at their own lot, and not feel envious when they see the wicked 
flourish and grow strong. Under this trial many can say, " My 
feet were almost gone ; my steps had well-nigh slipped. For I 
was envious at ^e foolish, when 1 saw the prosperity of the 

The great question which this psalm presents is — ^What can 
fully satisfy the soul P 

If man were only as the beasts which perish, if he had no higher 
aspirations and could feel no nobler wants than they, the world 
and its pleasures might well satisfy him. To^ eat, diink, and be 
merry, might well content a being whose destiny is to die on the 
morrow and then cease to be. But the merciful Lord has im- 
planted within us deeper wants, because He has designed for us 
a higher destiny. 


In everi rank, or grst or smol, 

'tis indsstri svperrts vs ol. — Ge, , 

Se analz of biografi skersli rek6rd a morr str^kig instans 
ov ekoQomi and indsstri lidig der pozeser oat ov de merst 
vnfevorabel serkvmstaDsez ta aflmena and ooorz dan de^^ 
sterri ov Wiliam Hstoa. Not vnli woz Hvton remarka- | 
bel for hiz gret frmgaliti and ekoaomi, bvt hi oW bekem 
selebreted az an o^or, and de merr ser az hi did not komeas 
hiz literari leborz vntil hi had rigt a let piriod in l^f, and ' 
in Bpikig ov biz eforts in dis direkjon, hi sez, — '* $ tuk ^ 
7p de pen wid fir and tremblig at de advanst ej ov fifti-- 
-siks. a piriod at whig mcrst o5orz Is it doun." Hi did 
not n^ dat hi woz an aotikweri 3ntil de wvrld informd 
him oy it, from havig red hiz Histori ov Bermitfham " and 
den," hi sed. '* hi kud si it himself!*' He folcrig iz a brif 
skeg oy hiz indvatrivs karir, whiq iz not vnwvrdi oy a 
plea besid d&t oy Benjamin Fragklin — 

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27 Feb., 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; €5 Q, Ji; K k, Gg: F f , Vv; R 1, ad; S 8, Zz; S /. S3: Mm, N n, JS i^i 

peep, bib; tunghtt deed; eknrek Judge; coke, gigx feex, oake; bres/A, brealAe ; »»ace, nze; «&ip, ajruret Maim, noon, siiijrt 

Wiliam H-yton woz born at Derbi, in 1723, hiz fsder 
biii) a wul-ke^mer, and a merst disipeted karakter. 0!er 
biig ncr Faktori Akts in operejon at dat de, de boi woz 
sent at de erli cj ov seven tu w»rk in de Derbi Silk-mil 
(fpmirs az biig d6 ferst silk-mil erekted in Iggland), b3t 
biig ov toi smol a stati^r for de wvrk hi had tu wer a per 
ov patenz! ^9^ at hem and at de mil hi ssferd gret 
hardjips and, at de ej ov fiftin, wid de konsent ov hiz fsder, 
hi woz aprentist tu hiz ugkel, a stokig wiver, at Notigham. 
clis genj did not pruiv a hapi wi$n for de boi, for spikig 
07 it, hi sez, " * had j^st Bnijt wvn seven yirz* servitqd, 
and woz enterig on an^dcr. In de former, i woz welk^m 
tu de fold I et, pr^v^ded j kud get it ; bvt nou dat it woz 
merr plentiful, j woz tu bi gr^jd everi mil i tested. Mj 
fint kept a konstant { vpon de fmd and de fider. Sis 
kvrb gold m^ moul tu dat degri, dat tu dia de i den not 
it at an^der'z tebel widout fir. Se imprejonz resi vd in erli 
l^f ar astonijig. . . . Mj task woz tu em fyr Jiligz 
and tenpens a wik. Se ferst wik i kud rig dis s^m i woz 
tu bi gratlQd wid sikspens ; bst ever after, Jud i fol Jort 
or ger beyond it, de los or profit woz tu bi mi ern. ^ found 
it az de jeneral praktis ov aprentisez tu bi vnder de mark." 

After servig a pirrjon ov hiz tim, hiz ^gkel havig trited 
him wid gret barjnes on w^n okeson, H^ton ran awe, 
bst after wonderig about de ksntri svm t^m, hi woz in- 
di^st tu return tu hiz vgkel, hui forgev him ; and hi diili 
komplited hiz aprentisjip, and wvrkt at de stokig tred, 
deprest, houever, b^ de konvikjon dat it woz a tred susiited 
tu him. For hiz ami^zment (az meni ^der men hav d^n), 
hi emploid hiz lesur ourz in buk-b^ndig, and meni pipel 
gev him a buk tu b^nd, az it woz a novelti tu hav wvn 
bound bj a stokiger ; and greig ekspert in de biznes, hi 
rezolvd tu mek it hiz tred. Hi tuk a Jop at Soulwel, (at 
de rent ov W3n pound per an^m), about fertin mjlz from 
Notigham, and trvjd der and bak everi market-de wid hiz 
buks. Sou:twel woz b^t a pmr pies for him, sgt in de yir 
1750 hi rezolvd tu tr^ Bermigham, and prcrsidig tu ddt 
toun hi (Tpend a Jop for de sel ov aid buks, tu whig, hi 
aded a serkt^letig Ijbrari. Ser wer den Iri bukselerz in 
Bermigham, bst Hif ton " jvjd from de n^jmber and intel- 
ijens ov de inhabitants, dat der mjt bi ruim for a far^, 
and herpt dat hi m^t eskep de envi or natis ov de ^ri gret 

Hston prosperd ser gretli, dat bi-and-bi hi relinkwijt 
buk-selig, and erpend a peper werhous — de ferst ever sin 
in Bermigham. Hi nou marid— hiz wjf brigig him a 
litel mvni : hi speki^leted in land and houzez ; bilt a ksn- 
tri hous, and set sp a karej ; and woz diili rekogn^zd az a 
s^bstanjal sitizen. Hi woz elekted an erversir ov de pmr, 
and woz olsor med a Komijoner ov de Kcrrt ov Rekwests 
— a trjbqnal for de reksveri ot smol dets. Hston did 
hiz di^ti wid gret asidi^iti. " cie Kert ov Rekwests," hi 
rits, ** soin bekem mi fevorit amq,zraent. ^ ped a konstant 
atendaus, whig engro'St nirli ttd dez a wik ov mi tim. . . 
* atended de Kert nintin yirz. Diirig dat tim merr dan 
a hundred louzand kozez past Irux mi handz ! a nvmber 

posibli beyond whot ever past de desigon ov eni ^sder man. 
* hav had 250 in w^n de." 

In de yir 1791 H^ton'z kvntri hous, and olsv hiz wer- 
hous and stok-in-tred, wer destroid bi de " 0»rQ and Kig " 
mob. (*) H^ton woz not a politijan, b»t hi woz a Disentcr, 
and it iz ekstrimli posibel dat am^g de rabel der wer 
probabli not a ft; hvu btjrr him n«3r gud-wil for hiz jsjments 
in de Kart ov Rekwests. He s»fererz from de riot had gret 
difikvlti in rek^veri der losez from de Hundred. Hvton 
led hiz klem for ^pwardz ov et douzand poundz, bst woz 
awarded litel merr dan Qv ^ouzand. His harj qzej s^mwhot 
sourd hiz temper. Hi sed, " He kroiel tritment i had met 
wid tcrtali olterd mi sentiments ov man. ^ had kousiderd 
him az dezind tu asist and ksmfort hiz spijiz ; tu redi^s 
de rsf prerpensitiz ov hiz net^r, and tu endevor after per- 
fekjon, d9 hi kud not rig it ; bst de ekspiriens konvinst 
mi dat de neti^r ov de hitman spijiz, lik d4t ov de bruit 
kricjon, iz tu destroi jq "sder. ^ derferr deterroind tu wid- 
dro from ol psblik biznes, tu spend de smol remender or 
ekzistens wid mi litel famili, and amli,2 n^self wid de buk 
and de pen." 

H^ton nou rezind hiz biznes az stejoner tuhiz s^n, b^fc 
everi mornig, for meni yirz, hi wokt from hiz ksntri hous 
tu Bermigham, and spent de de, wid de sem asidiiiti az 
when mekig hiz fortqn. Hi older ak7stomd himself tu 
tek a raifnj's wokig tmr everi s^mer, and tu nort doua 
hiz obzenrejonz on plesez and pipel. Verivs parts ov Ig- 
gland and Welz wer dss vizi ted at a tim when de fasilitiz 
for tmrists wer veri limited indid. Psrsi^ig de praktis, 
Hilton bekem a gret pedestrian, and hiz fits, when an <Tld 
man, wer de sz^rpriz and alarm ov hiz frendz. In hiz 
seventi-seven^ yir, on de 41 ov Juili, 1800, H^ton set out 
on fut from Bermigham tu mek a s^rve ov de Rcrmaa 
wol. In spikig ov dis j^rni, hi sez, " CTld men ar misq 
inklind tu aki^z i^t ov der foliz ; b^t on dis bed silens wil 
bek^m mi, lest i Jud bi askt, ' Whot kan eksid de foii ov 
dat man, hm at seventi-et, wokt siks hundred milz tu si a 
Jaterd wol ?' " In deskribig de jurni, hi sed, " 4f prerkurd 
for miself de eksklmsiv privilej ov wokig, whig, ov ol 
medz ov travelig, i prefer. Midoter rcrd behind her ser- 
vant, and wi agrid not tu impid ig vder on de we, b'st mit 
at serten inz for refrejment and rest." . . . Mr Hston 
ret^rnd tu Bermigham after a laps ov lerti-Qv dez, di^rig 
whig tim hi had performd a jirrni ov siks hundred and 
wvQ milz, wid an ekspenditi^r ov forti giniz. Hiz doter 
deskribz hiz maner ov wokig az " a stedi santer, bi whig 
hi got erver de ground at de ret ov ful tiu milz and a haf 
in an our. He pes hi went did not iven falig hiz Juiz ! 
I Hi wokt de hal 600 milz in wsn per, and skersli med a 
1 herl in hiz stokigz." ** Az ser log and solitari a J9rni on 

I 1. On dis okeson Dt Pristli'z hous, librari, maniiskripts aud sien- 
' tifik aparetvs wer olstr komitcd tu de nemx bi de mob, and hi wox 
ekspozd tu gret personal denjer, from whiQ hi onli eskept bi Hit. 
I Zortli afterwards hi retird tu Amorika, and did der in 1804. Iri 
(dgvst, 1874, aa de diskvverer ov okaijea gas, and for hix sder impor- 
tant sien tifik disksveriz, a stati^ W02 erekted tu hiz memori in do 
toun from whio, eti4ri .yirz privissli, hi had bin driven wid ignomini 
bi an infi^rieted and ignorant liiob I 

Digitized by 




LI, Rr: W w. Y y, Hh.—Aa, Ab; Ee, 8e; li, Li: o. Oo; "^ 3. 

Ml, roTi way, jrea, *my. — pot, alma; pet, age; pit, eat: pot, all; bitt, 


U u, UJ m. 

p«t, oote. 

injr, ntw. 

fut," sez Mr H^ton, " woz never perhaps performd bj a 
man ov seventi-ct, it eksited de ki^riositi ov de toon, whig 
kozd mi frikwentli ta bi stopt in de strata ta aserten de 

Hiyton rort several injini^s w^rks, am^g whig wer 
JEistoriz ov Derbi, Blakptul, and de Batel ov Boztovrd Fild. 
Olscr hiz Otehiografit pisblijt b^ hiz doter after biz de*. 
Hi klezd hiz q^sful and, on de h^l, hapi \iU on de 201 
September, 1815, at de advanst ej ov njnti-tm. 


It iz tu bi regreted dat froits and vejetabelz dm not 
form a merr important partov our deli milz. It iz kw^t 
serten dat, from erli tjmz, wi IggliJ hav bin grct konsi;- 
merz ov animal feud. From de dcz ov our worljk anses- 
torz, hmzhiij baronzov bif, and oksen and Jip rersted horl, 
ar deskribd wid najonal pr^d b^ der kroniklerz, doun tu a 
veri risent de, when, at our sivik and serjal fists, it woz 
^ot r^t dat de tebel Jud " grern ** snder a l<rd ov hevi 
dijez, wi hav lukt wid a piti borderii) on kon tempt vpon 
de deliket diJez whig a Frenq Filis pro-v^dz for her hous- 
herld. Wi grer spfendid frtut and ekselent vejetabelz — de 
best in de w^rld— and yet de oki^pj a veri STjbordinet pies 
at our tebelz. Hou seldom, am^g de sisbstanjal viandz 
whig komporz our brekfast, dui wi Qnd eni ov de louzand- 
-and'W^n ekselent dijcz whig kan bi med ov Tometerz, 
Vejetabel Marerz, Artigeka, ets. ! It iz de scm at lisngon 
and diner ; vejetabelz ar tui ofen reprezented bj soden 
Grinz or il-kukt Poteterz; why frrat, whig ot tu form an 
important part ov everi mil, iz roirli i^zd az a dez^rt. Hm 
kan propeli aprijict de deliket flevor ov a Stroberi or 
Gringej after a hevi repast kompo'zd ov tfri or fer kersez? 
^ Jud l^k Isngonz whig konsist, for ekzampel, ov a I^t ve- 
jetabel suip, folo'd b^ a kompcrt ov Raspberiz, Guzberiz, 
Apelz, or eni fruit in sizon, wid krim and bred, tu bi de 
roil insted ov de ek^epjon. Az it iz, in de houzez ov de 
midel klasez de gretest monotoni prevelz. "Wher der mjt 
bi a member ov herls^m and inekspensiv dentiz, der milz 
ar jenerali hevi and vnverid. Az regardz de wi^rkig pipel 
ov dis sivil^zd k¥ntri, der kukig iz, az a ruil, az bad az it 
kan posibli bi. "Wid de eksepjon ov derz hui hav bin 
kuks in aflment familiz. der w^vz ar vnakwented wid de 
ferst ruid^ments ov de art. Wher- de m^t hav, at a smol 
kost, kapital vejetabel sups, gud fruit pudiyz, and jaroz, 
wid poteterz kukt in meni diferent wez, de ar tui ofen satis- 
fjd wid de later s^ki^lent, soden and woteri, az an akvm- 
paniment tu de blnk and jnisles gop, or de red herig, whig 
iz 83g a standig dij wid de puir ov our tounz. Ov de 
kompozijon ov gud suips or brold de na literari n^lig, der 
de gretfuli aksept smp az a gift from svm konsideret and 
mer intelijent neb^r. — Se Garden. 


After a log ssksefon ov paniks, at intervalz; after de 
onsekwent outle ov mar and merr milionz ^pon de armi 

and nevi ; after m^sg prerfest zil for de dimin\iJon ov s^ne- 
kqr o6sez ; after vast Bismz spent «pon de abolijon ov de 
p'srges sistem, and wid litel evidens ov eni konsekwent in- 
kris ov prermerjon tu de rial ragk and fjl ov de sorldieri^ 
after ol dis, and a grct dil merr, de nejon iz nou teld dat 
its militari sistem iz in a w^rs kondifon dan ever. 3e 
" majin." older deliverd orer tu de man^jment ov de jen- 
eralz and k^rnelz hui n^ ser m^g mer about it dan mir 
sivilianz and ekonomists (hui hav ernli tu pe der taksez 
h^mbli), haz, iven in dehandz ov diz klever manejerz, got 
intu s^g a disorderd stct dat diz veri manejerz sim at der 
wits* endz az tu its fqtiir. 3[e militari prizonz arkrouded 
wid diaafekted or ofendig serldierz. 3e Deli Telegraf%QZ, 
" Milbogk, whig woz intended tu resiv ol militari prizon- 
erz from stejonz nir London, haz for s^m tim bin ful tu 
crverflaig, and Wondzwsrtt Jcl, whig woz ferst brot tu its 
asistans, woz olsa spidili fild ^p. Bedford Jcl woz nekst 
prcst into de servis, b^t de rsj woz ser gret dat in siks dez 
146 men had ar^vd, and Bedford woz fild Tjp olser. Nou 
de orderz ar dat ol prizonerz from Olderjot, Derver, and 
Wulij, ar tu bi sent tu de Kent Kounti Jel at Medstern, 
biig de ferst okeson, it iz sed, on whig Medstgrn Jel haz 
bin Hzd for s^fg a p^rpos. Ser remarkabel haz bin de in- 
kris in de number ov militari prizonerz dat a galant ksr- 
nel iz reperrted tu hav sed dat ' hi lot ov sendig de k^lorz 
ov hiz rejiment tu de kounti prizon, az de men bodi ov hiz 
men wer kworterd der.' '* Dezerjonz hav bin tekig pics 
ov let, not mirli bj skerz b^t bj h^ndredz. And yet de taks- 
-peerz hav bin peig inkrist grants in everi direkjon for de 
tm " serviaez." Bst nou de gif direkter ov de arrai — de Di^k 
ov Kembrij — kismz forward, and sez, " Xi m^st Jder pe merr 
misni yet, a grct dil mer, and entr^-st it agen tu our admin- 
istrejon, or els wi m«st ferrs ii tu bek-^m serldierz i^rselvz. 
Tek i^r gois. Meni rnvr milionz, or konskripfony B^t 
probabli de gret masez ov de pipel, and espejali de w^rkig 
klasez, wil hav a wsrd or tid tu se beferr dis iz siybmited tu. 
Ssm ov dem olredi dekler dat de wil never submit tu bi 
term from der hermz, az b^ de " pres-gagz " in de last sen- 
tiiri, espejali tu swel de ragks ov kostli and nidles arma- 
ments, abs^rdli mentend in t^m ov pis, and in asefli insu- 
lated kigdora ov de ai Ijk Gret Briten. It iz tu bi herpt 
dat dis spirit ov popi^lar rezolv wil bi pisfuli b^t fermli 
and jenerali ekaprest, whenever de t^m for it Jal k^jm. 

Wlijlst rjtig ov our federd bjpedz, wi Jud l[k tu enlist 
for dem de simpaiiz ov der feler b^pedz widout federz. 
Winter haz nou fcrli set in, and meni berdz ar 8<rrli p^yz- 
eld tu kip demselvz aljv. Wi almd gifli tu s^g az tek lyp 
der winter kworterz on de frinj ov larj tounz. <Ie fjldfer, 
sed wig, sogdr^J, and misel-JfrsJar ol dmig priti wel »pon 
de beriz ov de mounten-aj, holorn, and ser firrJl, and ar at 
ol t^mz tm weri tu aksept asistans from de handz ov eni- 
w«n. Sparcz ar de prinsipal reaipients ovour gariti, and 
de krsmz and skraps dat ar ^otlesli ^rcrn intu de ajez, or 
wher de ar cntirli wcsted, wud mck a harti mil for a gret 

Digitized by VjOO V VC 



27 Feb., 1875. 

number ov dem. Lren hsf a pojind ov bred per de rait bi 
nferrded bj meDifamiliz hoirezid wherdiz berdz frikw^nt. 
3er iz nor merr interestig ajt for gildren dan tu si de berdz 
k^m and tek der deli mil. Se krsmz Jud olwez bi ircrn 
doan on wvn spot. When sner folz it Jud bi swept of, 
and de spot gorzen Jud bi widin a f\i fit ov i^r sitig-rmm 
winder, or ^der kourinient pics ov obzervcjon. cle w^li 
spar^z wil tek no* nertis ov \i at d4t distans if der bi glas 
betwin ii and dera. Se wil apreg bj alitig ^pon s^m tri, 
fens, or bildig tu rekonoiter de sitiiejon, and ind^strivsli 
atempt tu disk^ver, bj tvrnig der hedz in everi direkjon, 
tu brig de fikst kornia oy der | ^pon everilig widin^its 
renj, if denjer l^rks benid. Sis preliminari havig kon- 
klmded tu der satisfakjon, de wil drop doun nir de fuid 
and mck anvder s^rve befyr komensii) de fist. S^m wil 
nou aprerQ and pek raven^sli at de krsmz. 8.iz ar berdz 
ov deyir, and bav not had s^BJent ektpiriens inde tregeri 
ov man ; whilst a k^nig erid kok or hen wil siz de larjest 
pis in its bik and swiftii konve it erver de rij ov de nekst 
bildii) intu a gvter wher it kan enjoi de mil in sefii, or it 
me bi ouli tu Iniz it tu W3n stil merr k7nig nnd weri, hui 
wud reder rob anvder dan trvst hiz karkas wher de spoil 
woz obtend. In dis we de ^ound iz suin klird ov everi 
kr^m, and de biznes haz ^iven satisfakjon tu ol konsernd ; 
de pair bbrdz hav bin fed, and aism amqzment haz bin 
given tu de litel b^pedz ins^d de winder, az wel probabli 
az tu pa and ma. 

Bvt sparerz ar not de emli berdz hui atend diz fists on 
de outskerts ov de toun. 3er iz ansder hui wil not fel tu 
aprijiet kindnes— de Kobin Bedbrest. Ourz haz bin wid 
vs diz (tri wiks. Wi spik ov him in de siggi^lar, for de- 
pend 3pon it, whotever kpdnes \\ me Jcr him, ner T^der 
robin wil der tu intruid vpon hiz teritori ! If b^ eni Qans 
it Jud bi 7derwiz, den az de Yagki jvj sed, " 3is k^rt 
standz adjsmd di^rig de Qt.*' And a Qt it wil bi, tu de 
biter end ; wijn ov do k^fmbatants Jmrli wil bi left ded 
vpon de fild if prmdeus haz not whisperd tu valor and 
STJested a skidadel. 3e robin, notwidstandig ner herd iz 
merr pvgnejvs, iz a fevorit, and haz a pet nem in everi 
k^jntri in whig hi iz no-n. Hi iz a permanent rezident in 
Iggland. Livig de Jedi lenz, wudz, and gardenz wher hi 
brigz 9p hiz famili, hi reperz tu de visiniti ov our habite- 
Jonz on de aprerq ov hard weder, and kontr^vz tu pik irp a 
livig sntil de return ov sprig, when hi retvrnz tu hiz s^mer 
kworterz, and iz about wvn ov de ferst tu nidiQ. It haz 
bin nertist dat when an erld robin and a j9g W7n Qt, az de 
frikwentli dm in otTnn, de erld wsn inveriabli gets de wvrst 
ov it. In pikig sp de krsvaz plest for him, a markt dif- 
erens in hiz behevior and d4t ov de sparer me bi obzervd. 
cle ar frikwentli feler gests. Whil de organ ov kojon po- 
zest bj de sparer iz ever konstantli eksers^zd, de robin 
]LT5mz berldli and konfidentli tu hiz mil, and havig pol^tli 
med ^ri or ferr bouz— whig serv for hiz gres befcrr mit — 
hi sets tu, peks awe, iz smn satisQd, and ret^rz, livig de 
orts tu de hard-bilz ov de houstop. If der iz eni denjer ov 
Robin'z* not getig hiz fer Jer, i; me le hiz perrjon on a 
wind<T8iI, wher hi wil not bi ser Ijkli tu bi Qited. B^t 
dan't forget de sparerz.— 3fa»^*/cr SUi Niiz, 


au re^ anr/ cve^/fM/'in fne/ae/t, 

t/^ 4er 4nn #'4^ aetn tn aef^ ^ec/tani nem / 
n^ n^d 4an ^re/ ti^ Zcrai^ *> Bet- «i^«/ 

n(> ^Arz Aan e/tm Ber £x. 

%y^tnmar^/' AAz.e*ftz dr^eu/ a6 ae/aen aurz/ 
ifHn^A>fne/'OU v^^ wm44 en e^e^t nanr/y 

t^n(/ w^^^ jfitrmz mifia/ey m ae A<fu fncffi, 
A^^ wA/i^row/ e/tae/erz on ae ^u4^f/iM, 

Of{^ de.'ne/j'ef/ af—Be /vve/ an(/ /oai ott effi — 
Bt AaAi "^^** oe/ei^ /" 

mi^n Bern ^er¥0 /eA4 ma (^f/Xut/ a/j^<// 
fne(/enz a^ Ber iotB eaewy ^^4 at* ae^/ 
anr/ manneet/ tn €^d au^fe anf/ €^ Arf,</, 

anf/ e^ ne /oyae^t e/i// 

'^ maftte/z rAz 

S^ne/ 4a, Be ^^ Ba^ /^^ y4, 4a€Z fdvu //'/-^ 
/yj f^Aj^f ^^omi4^/ef/en orAzez (/f*itten^ 

(/M(/eH(/ ^u mA^ Be ¥«a(/ w¥ft/a'z naizi ^^^/p 
ane/ 40^ Be ^am ov Aeucn 

^ (/j'A m ^ 4A nem Sin mz ^^f/ean^ ro)/, 
amYn mz en^t^nena^'ea v^A on ni,, 

ane/ onor(/ az oe/i^ Be /e£e4^ ae^i 
Be eae/Zr/n /a Be ^^f. 

3B^eaAen on tnini^Sefin mc/onz tnAtu, 

Oft a/f/ nitn UAnef^ef* Aeven'z f/i 
an(/ oM^erz ut4 ¥n¥^ei^aoet /iv 

mitt 4tz an^ertn f,z, 

tJjhn, o/ed€(/ 4At9'tl4 in Ber oatmt kz / 
no 4f^04 ott effi dan evet* ^f'/^Bem. nott 

/or Bern no mof^ Be /i^emnuM. nane/z ant/ ftAz, 
nor^ e/ofti' oeA/oue/ee/ Of^ou / 

(Puf^z tz Be (/arAne4/ Bepz Be ooun(//e4 f/<f' / 
Be c^ty4 irAi /f// €OA f/ft^ Be /i^aot^t/ oj'efi / 

Be nat* e/ernat 4v*f/i>n on Be/t toe/ 
itAA 4av Be a Aim ov t/efi, 

^ei, nAftj^ Be do/a rtuerj £ f^ot4 

Ba/ tiAAen f, ^^w tU f/arAne4 ant/ 1^ ror, 

t^/BAz UAcY tvc/A*m fHA tftB 4ar/f ant/ vot't 

if Aon Be /vraer /of. 

— n', Lcton {LfightoH.^ 

Digitized by 


6 March, 1875. 





Cb w i wf ea W o m , 


mAo&Uontfir fiU* D^parimni qfUht JoMrtutl, NoHoti qf Bomvtreulmicn, 
., tkould b4 writUn ttparaUljffirom UiUn, attd wutrk4d *' Journal,** 

BRADFORD PuoNOORAPHBRS* Association. From^. Widdop, 
Secretary. — The ordinary weekly meeting of this Association was 
held on Monday evening, 15th February, when the reporting prac- 
tice was conducted by Mr Priestley, after which our President, 
Mr Sutcliffe, gare an essay on " Dr Liyingstone/' which was 
yery interesting and gave great satisfaction. The average at- 
tendance from the 4th January to the present time has been 12. 

LEEDS Shorthand Writebs* Association. From/. Wilkin- 
son, Secretary. — ^This Associatioii, which has now been in existence 
since October, 1874, is in a very flourishing condition, having now 
twenty members. The attendance is - ^ ery good, and some inter- 
esting lectures are given by the members. Discussion is invited 
after the reading of every essiy or lecture, and is very heartily 
entered into by the memWs. Reporting practice was conducted 
last week by Mr Singleton, and it is intended to devote twenty 
minutes every Friday night to this purpose. 

LONDON Phonbtic Shorthand Writbbs* Assocution. — At 
the weekly meeting of this Association, held on the 18th Feb., 
reporting practice was conducted by Messrs W. R. Thomson and 
W. Hoare from 7 till 8 ; after which the President took the chair, 
and a vote of condolence was unanimously passed to Mr N. G. 
rhomsen, the junior vice- President, upon the death of his wife, 
which had taken place only a few days previously, after thirty-six 
fours' illness. Mr J. S. Cook then opened a debate upon the 
question, '* Is the union between Churoh and State desirable ?*' 
be taking the affirmative side of the question. Seyeral gentlemen 
followed, both for and against, and the subject was well argued 
from all points of view ; the chairman in summing up thought 
the arguments were pretty well balanced. A vote of thanks to 
the Chai r man brought the proceedings to a dose. 


*^rom Algernon A. Denham, — It is now a little more than a 
year since I commenced learning your system of Phonography. 
In spite of the croakings of one or two not very important indi- 
viduals, to the effect that shorthand was so difficult, I have made 
myself so far proficient that you have granted me a Teacher's 
Certificate. How sad it is to know that there are some who feel 
pleasure in putting obstacles in the way of those who may be 
tryine to strike out a path for themselviis. But I must confine 
myself to matters relating to Phonography. I have been through 
the '* Teacher *' and *' Manual '* twice, and am now going through 
the ** Reporter's Companion " for the second time. I cannot at 
.present write with any great 'speed, as I have had scarcely any 
reading practice ; but my desire was not to vnrite quickly until I 
could form the characters neatly and legibly. I read with pleasure 
the article in the Phonetie Journal for the 20th February, respect- 
ing ^e means hitherto adopted to diminish crime. In my opinion 
one of the causes of the increase. of crime is owing chiefly to the 
degraded state of many of those belonging to the working classes, 
with no education, and scarcely anything beyond the workhouse 
and a pauper's grave in prospect By means of the Phonetic Re- 
form mis I trust will be altered in the course of time. I cannot 
understand why there should be so much opposition to the pho- 
netic reading. It can hardly be a proof of the intelligence of the 
person who opposes, instead of investigating, that whieh he does 
not comprehend. 

Another cause of the increase of crime is the excessive number 
of public houses. If the Legislature would but pass a bill having 
for its object the reducing of the number of taverns according to 
the populations-one tavern to so many hundred ii\hivbitants — and 
the closing of them altogether on a Sunday, then I think it woi^ld 
be better for tl^e working men i^d the country oalle4 '*hsppy 



Dr Johnson has bequeathed to us a humorous article entitled 
" Betty Broom's History," which was evidently written to show 
the ignorant prejudice of those who consider the education of the 
humbler ranks as detrimental to the interests of society. 

" Betty having been so unfortunate as to acquire during her 
school life a more than average amount of knowledge, found her- 
self compelled, in her subsequent career to seek employment as a 
domestic servant. Her hopes of advancement in life, however, 
were bUgbted, when on one occasion she was detected in the 
criminal act of reading, for which she was dismissed in a summary 
manner, as a warning to other evil-doers." 

However extravagant this story may appear, it is unquestion- 
able that an important and remarkable change has taken place in 
public opinion on the subject of education during the present cen- 
tury, and never has its importance been more fully recognised than 
it is at the present day. The theory that ignorance is the neces- 
sary concomitant of poverty has long been exploded ; and it is 
now generally acknowledged that a man of cultivated intellect is 
not only more competent to perform the duties of his particular 
calling, but is, in most cases, a more loyal and law-abiding citizen, 
and a better member of society. An instance of the advantages 
which are conferred by a superior mental training has been re* 
oently given by the Franco-German war. The immense armies 
which France and (Germany brought into the field were both fully 
equipped with all the most approved modem appliances for the 
destruction of human life ; and so evenly balanced were the re- 
spective armies, that it was considered doubtful at the outbreak 
of the war which of the two nations would turn the scale of vic- 
tory in its favor. No sooner, however, had hostilities commenced, 
than the higher intellectual dicipline of the German soldiers dis- 
played itself,— enabling tliem to act with prompt in^ellig^ence, either 
in detached portions or with the main b3dy ; and notwithstanding 
the many disadvantages which they experienced in traversing a 
foreign and hostile country, the Germans continued their course 
through France, with a better knowledge of its roads, rivsrs, and 
mountains, than was possessed by the French themselves. 

But it is in the peaceful occupations of civil life that education 
exerts its most powerful influence. The relative rank of different 
nations is in these pursuits determined by the excellence of their 
productions in art, science, trade, or manufactures ; and the keen 
competition which is constantly going on between this and other 
nations in the various industrial products has showii the necessity 
of affording our artisans opportunities for acquiring a greater 
amount of technical knowledge, if wo would compete successfully 
wiih foreign countries in the markets o* the world. During the 
last few years a new impulse hfs been given to the elevation of 
the masses by the agricultural labor movement, which, if properly 
directed, appears calculated to confer the most important resulu 
upon the great commonwealth of labor. 

By the extensioi^ of the franchise and the introduction of the 
ballot, the Government has given greater coherence to the voice 
of the people, and invested the lower clnsses with additional 
powers, which cannot fail to lead us onward in the path of pro- 
gress, by tending to the abolition of class legislation, and the con- 
servation of the rights and liberties of the people. Our Literary 
and Mechanics* Institutes, Free I^ibfaries, Workmen's Clubs, and 
other Associations of a kindred nature, are all proofs of that grow- 
ing intellectual activity and desire for instruction which are 
giadui^ly lessening the distinction, in an intellectual point of view, 
between the upper and lower classes of society in this country. The 
Immense number of cheap works which are constantly issuing from 
the press upon all the subjects within the compass of human 
knowledge, must also be considered as exercising an important 
influence on the culture of the people. 

The general adoption of more complex machinery into agricul- 
ture has not only given exercise to greater ingenuity and skill 
<^mqngst our mechanics, but has also developed a greater degree 
of intelligence amongst those who sre engaged in iU practical ap- 
plication. Although in thus glancing at our social condition, w-e 
perceive the resources of the country, both material and n*«°^» 
to be in a state of rapid development, and in the unprecedented 
extension of our trade and manufactures, sure indications of great 
national prosperity ; we behold, on the other hand, in tho yearly 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 




6 March, 1875. 

Bb; Tt, Dd; G<3. J 

Zk, G^:Ff, Vv R (J, ad; Sb, Zz; 

coke, ipg: /ear, oalve; breaM.breslAe; ranee, um; 

XJ, 3.,: 


Mm, N n, U 9 : 

increase of crime and pauperism amongst us, unmistakeable evi- 
dences of that ignorance which is the great enemy to all intellec- 
tual and moral progress. Under the influence of so great a variety 
of agencies for promoting mental culture we may, nbwever, look 
forward ta the diminution, if nut the entire removal of those dis- 
orders of our social system. The state, having become sensible 
of liio importance of elevating the masses, has past an act contain- 
ing provisions for enforcing the attendance of children at school. 
The School Boards which have been formed throughout the 
country for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the act, 
although showing considerable diversity of opinion as to the na- 
ture and extent of the religions instruction which it is advisable 
to impart to the rising generation, are nearly unanimous in their 
views with reference to school subjects. The standard of educa- 
tion has been fixed low, as the time during which the children of 
the poorer classes can remain at school is necessarily limited. 
This being the case, it is obvious that the more the time of the 
children is economised the move rapid will be their progress, and 
the more varied their attainments. Anything, therefore, which 
renders the acquisition of knowledge more easy to the pupil de- 
serves the serious attention of those who desire to promote a 
higher intellectual culture among the children of the poor. Now 
it IS beyond dispute that a great portion of the time spent at school 
by the poorer class of children is occupied in the arduous task of 
learning to read, and in the endeavor to master the anomalies and 
inconsistencies of our language. Numerous attempts have heen 
made at various times to introduce reforms into our orthography, 
but no appreciable improvement has taken place* while the s]^l» 
ling of many words has, during the last two centuries, taken a 
retrogressive direction. 

Although the ability to read is often considered as a trifling at- 
tainment, it does not appear so when we reflect that it is the key 
which enables us to unlock that great intellectual store-house of 
thought which the accumulated genius of ^nturies has provided 
for the instruction of miinkin4> A knovri/^djg^ of reading may not 
be inaptly considered as an essential part ofthat foundation upon 
which the superstructure of knowledge must be raised. The 
means hest calculated to facilitate the process of the scholar in 
reading and spelling is a consideration the importance of which is 
generally admitted. Phonotypy offers itself as the agent by which 
we are enabled to effect t^e necessary reform, and render the task 
of learning to read and spell both easy and pleasant to the pupil. 
By rejecting the superfluous letters of our present alphabet, and 
providfing a separate character for every elementary sound in the 
language, Phonotypy has furnished us witii a consistent, intelli* 
gible and comprehensive reform. Never in the history of our 
language has so practical a scheme for simplifying our orthography 
heen proposed, and its general introduction into the elementary 
schools of this country would confer benefits upon the rising gen- 
eration which are entirely incalculahle. As ap aid to education 
it is invaluable ; for, in addition to other advantages, it is an in- 
fallible guide to a correct pronunciation. In those schools where 
Phonotypy has been introduced its great utility has been proved 
by the satisfactory results which have followed from its adoption. 
Its claims to the rational consideration of all friends of education 
are so self-evideiit ^ to need little support from argument. 

Phonotypy is opposed by some on the ground t^at it would ob- 
scure the derivation of woros, and fofm a precedent for constant in- 
novations in our language. Now, with reference to the ^t of 
these objections, it will scarcely be pretended that a knoT^ledge of 
the source from which our language is derived would be more 
beneficial to the community than a systfBpa o^ reading words in ^ 
manner which renders their mispronupciation impossible. It may 
also be observed that the proposed refonn is uot intended to con- 
fer benefits upon the favored few, with abundant means, who can 
pursue their studies at our public schooU and universities under 
distinguished professors; but for the less fortunate many, who 
have to acquire their education within a very limited period, and 
tinder the pressure of poverty and other disadvantages. Although 
the critical scholar, with ample leisure, may derive considerable 
pleasure from suth an employment as that of tracing the derivation 
of words, the subject cannot reasonably be expected to possess 

many charms for those who are preparing to take an active and 
laborious part on the great stage of life. To the latter class of 
persons Phonotypy offers itself as an auxiliary the value of which 
it would be difficult to over-rate. 

The second objection to- the introduction of Phonotypy into 
schools is founded on a deep-rooted prejudice against innovations. 
With respect to this, it may be mentioned that the advancing tidle 
of popular thouffht in a free country sometimes renders tbe intro- 
duction of novel changes in its institutions, laws, and language, 
both necessary and desirable. The truth of this assertion nay be 
perceived everywhere crotmd ns ; no less in the religious and po- 
Htical, than in the literary and scientific worid. In an age to 
eminently practical as the present, and at a time when the educa- 
tion of the people has taken so prominent a place amongst the 
great questions of the day, it woiUd seem to be a more useful em- 
ployment to attempt to remove the obstacles which lie in the path^ 
of intellectual projnress than to sit down and bewail the mftgedbieas 
of the road— rather, like the Copperfield of the talented Dickens, 
to set resolutely to work to ** hew down the trees in the forest of 
difficulty '* now, than to wait until time shall have given to their 
branches colossal proportions, and so hardened their trunks as al- 
most to de^ the woodman's axe. In eommon with all other re- 
forms which have for their object the advancement of mankind, 
Phonotypy has to do battle with those forces which prejudice has 
invariably marshalled in all countries, and in every age, to ob- 
struct the path of human progress. 

Despite the opposition which it at present encounters, I^onotypy 
has an important mission to accomplish, and must soon obtain 
general recognition as one of the great t-ducational agents of tbe 
times. Witn a greater diffusion of learning omon^ the people 
we may confidenUy anticipate the time when our tolling oonntry- 
men will be characterised by more provident habits, and a greater 
independence of character ; when our poor-houses will no longer 
be filled with paupers, nor our gaols with felons ; when misery, 
degradation, and want shall be swept away before the advancing 
current of intelligence, contentment, and self-respect ^ as know- 
ledge, like a majestic riyer, )}ows onward with a fertilising influ- 
ence, causing tne desert wastes of ignorance to ** rejoice and 
blossom as the rose.** 

Okobos Hopkins. 



1 Archer Thomas, Wellingborough : Architect's cleric 
1 Ashhj Darid, Ellington, Eimbolton 

1 Bennett W., 40 Fenton terr., Xew Herrlngton, Fence Hovms, Darhaa : 

t Butterwort^ Thomas* 60 Altem street ; or, Police station, Blackburn 
t piegg Thomas, 10 Healj street, Boc^ale 
3 Cooper Richard, Reedham, Acle, Nonrich : pnpil teacher 
1 1 Gumming James, 50 Castle street. Aberdeen 

3 Dawson John, Wellingtoh Street school, : sohoolmaater 
t • 1 Easton Samnel F., 1« Indian street, Glasgow 
8 Glendinning J. I., Commercial agenoj, 10 St oaorameni street, MontiVal, 

S Oray G. A., Tonng Ken's Christian Asaoeiation, Montreal, Canada 
8 Halton Samuel, 58 Ahom street, Blackburn : letter-prees printer 

?Handle]r Tom, Beech groTe, Ashworth roajj, Dewsbury : salesman 
1 Hawkins W„ 13 pbesterfleld street, Easton road, London, W.C. : elerk 
t Healy Tom, Lawton street, Newcastle-on-Tyne 
8* Honghlon J. H., Egerton terrace, Newtown, Wigao 
t Jameson J., Tippincott street, Toronto, Canada West 
3 MacKay Wemysa, North of Scotland Qank^ Ballater, Aberdeenshire : ao* 

2 Meams J. P., 10 Hamet street, 8t Helena, Lancaabiro ^ •olieitor's derk 

2 M eehan John, 254 Bonndaiy street, LiTeii>ool 

8 Mcintosh James, Kirktown, Skene, Aberdeenshire : tailor and clothier 

3 McKenyic John, and 11 Cromwell street, Stomoway : salesman 
3 McLeod Donald, Barrowston, Carloway, by Stomoway 

t * 1 Partridge A. H., The Limes, Darlaston 

3 Sim monds John, 77 Denmark road, Kilbum, London, N.W. 

} Sinclair Andrew, ^un.. 78 Derby road, Kirkdale, Liverpool 

t Smith John, 3 Friendly street, Cromwell street, Leeds 

1 Swann G., Goods department, Lichfield City station, Lichfield 

8 Tucker W. T., 48 Upper Roshall street, Walsall : grocer 

3 Whitton H., Station yard, Peterborough : clerk, goods department 

3 Wood Thomas, fiett Mill, near Durham : signalman 

1 Wybroo A. J., 14 Sutherland terrace, Cold Harbor lane, Brixton, London 

Digitized by V^OO^ VC 

6 Marcli, 1875. THE PHONETIC JOURNAL. 


Ll.Kr:Ww, Yy, H IL — Aa, aR;Ee, 8e;Ii, Li:Oo, Oo; ^v. O &; 

Inll^ roTx way, jre«, k%y, — pat, aima; ptft, age; p»t, «at: pot, all; but, old; 

U u, UJ m. 

pat, ooM. 

mjr, n««. 

Ateration^ <tf Adir^M$, 
Allison Thomas, J\r«m 88 Islip street to 00 London road, Derbj 
Hardman R. t, yV«M 4S Tintera B^«eli H 18 Braineid atrecA, Tn^brook, 

Healy Tom, from Oromwell stt^Mt fo tiawton ttreet, NewoasUe^m-Tfne 
MoLeod Donald, /roia Vktltos, Uig, fo Borrowston, Carlowaj, by Stornowaj 

Ltitert qf inquiry to tJu Bdif4tr (^ tki$ Journal, muit eonMm s potlb>g9 $taw^ 
or Ml mt k ir t ttt d p mkm'd. B^erp eommumka/ion must fto auth e n i iatttd b$ 
the nam4 cutd aidr«$9,qf tkt wriitr, uBt nooMtar^fr/br pttHicmtiom^ buia^a 
guarantee i^fgoodfaUk. 

Wanted, eigbtToung pbonograpbers to start an eTcrcircnlator, to be writ- 
bra In the easy (Corresponding Style ; articles eitbw original or selected ; 
•11 paper found. Sheets provided for remarks, outline corrections, etc> Vio 
entrance fee ; subscription, M. per annum, in advance. Appbr, enclosing 
stamp, t« tbe oond«o«or, Mr W. Paar8> Bamahaw, Blanchiland, by Biding 
Mm. NorthumberUnd. ^ 

Wanted, a few phonographers to HH up vacanoies oe Uke postal list of the 
" Saxon," written in the Beporting Style ; has been iq circulation above a 
twelvemonth. No entrance fee or subscription. Apply to Mr G-. B. Cash- 
Aeld, 1 Fowia street* Woolwich, S.B. This magaaine waa erroneously said, 
last week, to be in the Corresponding Style. 

Wanted, a few more members to complete the postal Qst of tbe ** Poetical 
Album." The magasine cireulatee amongst twelve members, and its articles 
•re original and selected ppetiy. Annual subscription, M. ; ladies /iree, and 
« racial invitation to join. Apply to Mr Charles Lunn, Ekesham. 

Wanted, one or two additional members for the " Montros^ Phonooa- 
pher," now in its ninth year. Annoal subscription, 1/6 ; no entrance Tee. 
Apply to Mr Henry Webster, 28 Newton street, St John's road, Hoxtou, 

There are two vaciineies on the postal list of the " Biblical Discnssionist " 
for CbristisJi phonographers. Annual subscription, 1/. For farther par- 
ticulars and rules apply, enclosing stamped directed envelope, to Mr Edward 
Feaiee, 16 Oamden place, Bath. 

On the 10th Marcn will be issued the first monthly part of the *' Phonetic 
Anchor, a magasine entirely devoted to the investigation and discussing of 
religions subfeets, on popular theology, ete. Bntrance fee, W. ; no subscrip- 
tion. For further partioolars apply to Mr John O' Neill, 108 North Wallace 
•treet, Glasgow. 

Mr H. Albrow, Postal Telegraph ofBeow Lowestoft^ wishes to thank his nu- 
merous oorraspondeats, and to say that he has chosen one Ckrom the many Jie 
has received. 

Mr William Crookes, 26 Stamford street, Hnlme, Manchester, writes to us 
that among the applications which he has received for membership in his 
everdurculiUora, there are two with the name only and naaddress, except that 
one of thern gives " Southampton," which the postman would not think suffi- 
cient. We have the same comphunt to make, for we have now on hand six 
pareels of books lately ordered oy persons who give no address. The parcels 
await a second letter from them to blame us for their own neglect. 

Mr Chapman, 6 Cobbold street, Ipswich, will be glad to hear of the 
** Phoaetio Beporter." It has not been beard of stoce Christmas. Whoever 
has either of the sections will oblige him by forwarding it to his address. 

Mr Charles Byatt, 112 Knjb street, Marylebone, London, W., writes :— A 
■erious illness, in which I have been near to death, has ooinpletely npeet my 
arrangements for conducting the " London Phonographic Libracy." Those 
phonographers who have forwarded subscriptions have doubtless been sur- 
prised at receiving neither acknowledgment nor p«>riodioals, and as some 
persons ma^ have written to you under the impression that 1 am obtaining 
money by fiilse pretences, I take the first opportunity of sending this expU^ 

nation. I have not yet left mv room, and as I have no one to assist me, it 
is impossible to attend to the heavy 'work of despatching a large number of 
naagaziuM. I am sure that, under the circumstances, Fshall have the kind 
indulgence of subscribers for a time, and beg to assure them that, aa soon as 
I am able to attend to the matt«:, they will receive the equivalont to their 


In de otvm oy 1874, de Bey. Evao Evanz, ov Nantiglv 
fNantjgte), den on a riait tu Amerika, informd de Wei J 
nqzpeperz dat a roan in Pensilvenia had risentli,'' on hiz 
del-bed, konfest himself de murderer ov Donald Blak, a 
soldier, at Merger Tsdvil, in 1831, for whiq krim an inosent 
man, Ei^ard Loiis (lerkali nern az Dik Penderin) had bin 

3i8 informs/on eks^tod m^q interest in Welz, wher an 
olmcnt Hnjversal imprejon ov Luiis*ez inoaens had, from 
de ferst, proveld. At Merter, 11,000 personz had petijood 
for hiz Ijf, and mast ov de housherlderz in Kardif sent 3p 
a similar memorial tn Lord Melbvrn, de den Htrm Sekre- 
tari. Wirn jentelman, in partiki|,lar, de let Mr Jtfzef 
Tregeles Pris, ot Nil Abi, med de m^st strenn3s ekzerjonz 

tu sev Luis'ez l^f, b3t widout eventqal sskses. A n3ni-' 
ber oy doki^n^^nls reletig tu de kes, kolckted b^ dat 
ekselent man, hav nou bin forwarded bi hiz sister, Ms 0. 
A. Prjs, tn de Houard Aaer/iejon. From diz peperz it 
•pirz dat dqrig a Qt betwin de pipel and de militari at 
Merger, de sGrldier, Blak, resivd a fetal stab. Bigard 
Lmis wofB kondemd tu del menli on de evidens ov wvn 
witnes, a barber. Bst several respektabel personz depezd 
tu hav herd dis barber Ireten Lmis, dat. in konsekwens 
ov szrm privies dispel tugedef, " hi wud bi vp wid him, 
on de ferst gans." At de t^m ov de mirrder, Lmis wot a 
blm jaket and trouzerz. Wheraz, after de tr^al, Mr Pr^s 
obtend de pozitiv evidens ov verivs reliabel witnesez dat 
de nan hm kild de soldier wvr a drab kvt. A nvmber 
ov 7der personz aj^rid in testiQir] dat, at de t^m ov de 
seldier'z biig wmnded, Bigard Lmis woz in anvder part 
ov de toun. Mr Pri«, hm woz az prmdent az hi woz 
hqmen, went tu Merder, and kerfuli koleted de abundant 
evidens ov Lmis*ez inosens. Hi den prcrsided tu London, 
wher Lord Brvham intnyd^st him tu Lord Melbern. 
ae later, after hirir> de evidens, granted a fortnit*s respit. 
B3t de juj, hm had tr^d ^ prizoner, reported adversli ; 
and after ol, an order ijnd from de Horm Ofis dat de 
lo Jiid tek its ko-rs. Akordigli, Lmis woz eksekiited 
131 CD^^t, 1831, pr^testJQ wid hiz djig brel— *'^ s^fer 
3nj3stli. God, hm n^z bl ligz, ne^ it iz so-.*' And 
S9 de event haz prmvd. Oiis jmdijal mvrder msst bi 
led tu de diskredit^ not ov Lord Melbcrrn, a mersiful 
man, b«t reder ov de lo ov kapital punijment, whig, hou- 
ever kerfuli adminisU^rd, tendz tu endenjer inosent l^f, 
and olsor ofen prcym^ts de eskcp ov de gilti bj eksitii) a 
dred ov an irrekorabel mistek, h\ jmrorz. flis m^st ol- 
wez bi 89, whilst dat penalti kontinqz. 

In 1865, wun Politsioni (Polizzioni) woz sentenst tu 
del in London. Bi dint ov gret ekzerjonz, on de part ov 
hiz frendz hi woz prmvd inosent, and resivd difripardon. 
In 1865, an^der Italian, Jardinier ^Giardiuiere), woz 
sentenst tu del at Swonzi. Bi similar eforts hi woz olser 
j^st sevd in tjm, and pardond az inosent. In 1867, J. 
Wigiikz woa hi^gd in Lsndon, solemli eksklemig, when 
diig, "i'spa inosent, inosent, inosent.*' ae wuman hi 
woz sed tu hav kild, had, de de befer her del, intimeted her 
intenjon ov kilig herself. And de koroner'z jmri, after 
ekzaminif) tweuti-siks witnesez, had deklind tu ink^lpet 
Wiginz. Se Qnal evidens agenst Lim at hiz tr[al woz 
merst imperfekt^ In 1866, an inosent man (Smil) narali 
eskept ha£)ig for a murder in Kanon Strit, E.G. Hi had 
bin swerrn tu az havig bin sin k^mig out ov de hous wher 
de myrderd person woz found (wid hmm hi had kworeld) ; 
stcnz, aparentli ov blmd, wer on hiz kladz ; and ohugeder 
de kondemnatori serkTimstanJal evidens woz perfekt. . 
Yet hi Tjltimetli prmvd an ^nkwestionabel alibi. In 
1873, tth men (Hez and Slen) wer hagd at Durham, 
for a murder komited in a sk^fel in a dark pascj at 
Spenimmr. Meni respektabel personz ov dat kounti be- 
livd W3n ov dem, at list, tu bi inosent. Perhaps bel wer. 

Digitized by 




6 Mai-ch, 1875. 

A respektabel loier oy Durham rort tu Mr Talak : '* Hez 
iz rjali inosent, and haz bin misteken for anvder man hoi 
iz noo at larj. Slen, ^nfortiinetli, woz in de pasaj at de 
t^m de asolt woz komited. $ har sin de plea wber de 
desist woz asolted ; and it iz imposibel for de boi (de gif 
witnes) ta hay sin whot hi swerr hi did." 

An irrekvvabel sentens demandz an infalibel tribttnal. 
Sekqr permanent imprizonment for msrdererz (az in 
Beljivm) wnd obviet diz oful jmdijal roirrderz, and seki^r 
pvblik sefti merr, rader dan les, efektqali, b; prcrmvtii) 
greter sertenti by konvikjon and reprejon. — Iftid hi de 
Houard Amftejhn, 

?e foleig leter apird in de Tfrnz last nvnd. Wi repit 
it in de bvp dat our korespondents, espejali derz dat rit 
in loQhend, wil le it tu hart, and not west our t^m, as de 
ofen dm, in yen atempts tu des^fer der sitrnatqrz. 

Ser, — Az de Farlimentari Sejon iz apregig, wil \\ per- 
mit a si^ferig M.P. tu mek nem a rial griyans in whig i 
fil Jmr dat i; wil simpa^^z wid mi P $ almd tu deinkrisig 
illejibiliti oy handritir) and ^e ekstraordinari penz dat ar 
teken b^ s^m pipel tu disgjz der signati^rz. ^ hapen tu 
hay a larj korespond^ns, and in vder respekts am not an 
4del fnan ; h^st if [ wer, i Jud stil Qnd okq,p8jon in de deli 
atempt tu desjfer ssm oy de leterz [ resiy. If de rjterz 
emli n\\ whot an irrezisttbel temptejon der iz tu irtr der 
hieroglitiks intu de we^-ipeper basket irnred, de wud hi a 
litel m<n kerful tu mek *der handr^tig disentii plen and 
lejibel. Hou kan de ekspekt dat in de prejur oy biznes, 
and wid perhaps a dszen leterz tu rid whig ar brot b^ a 
siggel pcrst, a member oy Parliment kan Qnd t^m tu sit 
doun and pszel out de minig oy hiz korespondent az pe- 
Jentli az if hi wer triir) tu desjfer de inskrip/on on de 
McrabitiJ sten, or svm ni^ yeriejon oy de kiiniform karak- 
terP Bvt it iz gifli wid de signati^r dat fantastik triks ar 
pled. Often dm i gez herpIesH at de kabalistik s^n nhig 
d^z duti for ddt o6s, and tr^ everi injinivs deTis tu enebel 
mi tu diy^n hm it iz dat adresez mi. $ tek mifamili intu 
kounsil and ssbmit de kiirivs simbol tu roj w^f and doterz, 
hui svmtimz ar ebel tu soly de ridel and reskq, mi from 
mi dil^ma, bvt hm ar ofen az helples az myself. ^ kanot 
olwez hay Mr Nederklift or Mr Saber at m^ elber, and i 
hay bin driyen tu de ekspidient oy kvtig of de signati^r 
and pestii) it on de envelop whig kontenz mjrepli. ^ dss 
drer Tjpon mj ncrbel frend, de Ferstm aster- Jeneral, de re- 
sponsibiliti oy Qndig out de nem oy m^ korespondent. 3er 
iz ^sn sekretari oy a kvmpani in Lvndon^yes, a sekre- 
tari — hm s^nz hiz nem in a we whig iz vnintelijibel and 
ridiki^lvs. Nou, whj !^^ ^is hi P It haz bin sed dat lag- 
gwej woz given tu konsil our dots, and s^m pipel sim tu 
5igk dat siknatqrz ar ment tu h^d our nemz. A dn^gken 
spider krolig out ov an igk-botel wud riali giv az mi^gin- 
forme Jon az de fli^rijez and dajez and ri^marvl karikati(rz 
whig de intend tu stand for leterz. i* viiJi kud eksept de 
fcr seks oltugeder from de garj ov kapris in signati^r, b«t 
i kanot, old<T in dis respekt de dm not sin 89hi7Q az men. 
Pre, Ser, se 8»m5ig tu indies pipel tu rjt plenli, kiirli, and 
•j.ibli, and q, wil konfer a bmn 7pon vderz be^dz an M.P. 


ae plan ov pijblijig ncrn az de ssbskripjon tred fliyrijez 
mcrr ekstensivli in de United Stets dan in dis ki^ntri, wher 
it iz QJtli in de handz ov a f\\ SkotiJ houzez. Akordig tu 
a korespondent oy de Bukseler de medod haz svm peki^- 
liar advantejez. It lidz, for ekzampel, tu de serkitlejoa 
ov buks am3g klasez hm wud vderw^z not p3rQes dem, 
and yet hm ar riderz oy ni^zpeperz and sder fqjitiv liter- 
atqr. ** 3er iz a larj klas ov pipel hm, widout biig pozi- 
tivli illiteret, hav ncr inklinejon tu enter a buksterr, iven if 
der hapen tu bi wvn in der nebvrhud, whig iz not olwez 
de kes. 3e ar welli envf tu hi buks, bst wud never digk 
oy dmig ser i^nles de ejent prezented de buk tu der nvtis, 
aksmpanid b[ a glib akount oy its i;sful or ami^zig kwoli- 
tiz. 3e pipel tu hmm [ almd, whil pozesig litel kvlti^r, 
ar far from biig ignorant, in de ordinari akseptejon ov de 
term. Se farmer and hiz h^rd-man out West, or de fak- 
tori-hand, or artizan, or komerjal asistant in de Lst, wil 
rid hiz ni^zpeper regi^larli. and hav a veri intelijent kon- 
sepjon oy whot iz gvig on in Paris or London az wel az 
ill hiz ern k-sntri, and haz a gret dil rocrr qsful nolej ; bvt 
wud never 5igk ov bjig a buk, eni m<rr dan a krerme or a 
patent nidel4reder. 3nles it woz brot tu hiz notis; and 
den, if de ejent n<rz hou tu interest him, hi wil b^ de W3n 
az redili az de vder. Siz pipel ar tu bi found ol eyer de 
kvntri, rig envf and redi envf tu b{, prervided de e^nt kan 
perswed dem dat de buk kontenz ssmdig it iz dez^rabel tu 
n^. Tu asist and prertekt hiz ejent, de pvblijer wil i^z hiz 
best eforts tu prevent hiz buks getig intu de handz ov de 
regqlar tred, and it iz <rnli b^ de merst injinivs artifisez dat 
bukseler? kan obten a skanti svpl^ ov ssbskripjon buks. 
He ekspensez ov svbskripjon psblijig ar veri hevi, and de 
selz hav tu bi prerpcrrjonali larj, in order tu injmr a profit- 
abel return. Ten ttouzand kopiz ov a buk in de ssbskrip- 
fon-tg&^iz konsiderd a veri moderet scl indid ; and a buk 
msst jeneroiv riq a sel ov twenti louzand tu bi konsiderd 
a sskses. Menibuks rig veri mvg larj er selz, oltugeder 
out ov pr<yp«rrJon tu der trm merits ; bst der svbjekt ma 
hapen tu bi wvn about whiq de pvblik iz interested for de 
t^m, and de sel rapidii whil de popular whim lasts, and 
den bekvm sterli aed." 

Ktoin BliMabe6*$ KanerUt. — 3e impcrrte/on dV kaneris intu Ur«p 
dvx Dot det fsrder bak dan de siksiini tcnti^ri. A golden kej, fild 
wid dis herds, wos wvn ov de marvels whig Ser Wolter Rfili brot 
bak from de Forii^net fiands, and presented tu Kwin Eiisabe:^. 3is 
berds, ov a gtt njrli as dip as de gre plmmej ov de IXrerpian linet* 
did not at ferst gen msg aten/on from der roial <nier, and her emli re- 
mark wos, "Tu kvm from svg a distans, de ar not yeri bi^tiful." 
"Wil i^r majesti,'* sed Bali, "svspend \\t jajment vntil n bar herd 
de litel mqsi/ans sig P'* And de herds, as it de vnderstud de femvs 
adventiirer*s wvrds, immidietli began tu WHrhel, wid swit klir vois, 
an er veri popular at dat piriod, whi^ Ser Wolter Skot kwots in his 
admirahel romdns, *' de Hart ov Mid-Lerdian ** — 

i wos in de Jed, and { bar sin de ssn or I^gland. 
Sensfor^ de kaneris bekem de fevorite ov de Kwin, hoi aloud nowvn 
tu asist her in de ofises ov ker and afek/on de rekw(rd. And /i wos 
rekompenst h\ de nqmenrs bruids de berds prodqst, and stil mcrr hi a 
siggi^lar geni whig de pluimej ov de kaneris underwent in de roial eviari. 
Imperseptibli de lost der somber kvlors ; and ^v or siks yirs afterwards 
de ol ov dem w^r a liveri ov pel gold, whiQ led tu der biig koid 
" gulden berds." Men never mis de proklamejon ov a mirakeL, and 
Ilekspir, in wvn ov bis p(Tems, aloids tu dis wvrderful translbrme/on 
as A\\ tu de glanses ov a.eovren mer pouerful tu kriet gtild dan de 
svn ov de Atlantik ! Elizabei not sntrukwentli distribiited amvg her 
fevorite de prodskts ov her eviari, and her kcjrtiers dicpi^ted Jgerli de 
onor ov a gift stf rer and vs hyix prej^s. In de Aggeisi famili is stil 
preservd srsn ov de roial herds, d^li embemd and stnft, wid a litel 
golden rin atact tu wsn leg, berig de Kwin's monogram. — StwrtM om 

Digitized by 


6 March, 1875. 




From *' Erenings %t Home, in Words of One Syllable/' bj permisdon 
of Meetrs Caasell, Fetter, mod Galpin. Price 2t. 6d, 

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6 March, 1876. 

He WM sure she moat have read his wishet; haTe seen that lie 

K i -) ■ ^ '^ ^^T;^ VI <, 

tr(>nibled when lie toaohed the band of that joxmg girl ; hare noted that, 
ihongh he spoke of her alwajs, he coold so Mldom speak to her. 

; xn ^ "^ ^^^,' - ^ 

He wrote of the intentitj of hia affection for her child, and of his respect 
to her ; and concluded with the most earnest entreaties to her to - 

)• o ^ ...!., .) X 

set his mind at ease. 

What a whirlwind of emotions was around her ! Whst an intensity 
of .suffering she endured ! It was long — long ere she could arrange 

S fr X -^ ^ J ^^mS <^ ) S^: -^ 

her thoughts. In one thing she rejoiced— her secret was safe ; no one 

-I; - A^-^.y ^' -^ ^•' ^ 

knew it ; no IiTing creature, she hoped, she believed, suspected 

I X ^ J., y N v^ .^. V^ < J.L 

it So raoch had she rbeen engrossed by this affection that she had 

=v- VI - \^ ^ VVx • t f. 

luurdly noted Kate's estrangement firom herself. A thousand trifling 
memOTies oonvinced ner then that Kate loved him. One moment 
she was indignant at what she could have called "unmaidenly 
forwardness ;" and then she thought how tbe young creature had shut 

\ ^ ^ n ^ 1^, ^ /^ V -^ r»x 

up her heart in its lonely tremblings, and resolved to keep silence. 

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self-sacrificing, maintaining a fearful contest within her boeom. Suddenly 

y <- . ^ y ,, v...L< .TV,, r^ -J- 

she thought how gladly she would, even at that moment, lay down 

her life to save her child from what she then endured. There was a 

worid of strength in that right, loving thought ; for there is great 

strength to will and work in love — in love of all degrees ; 

. :^ ^ V ■ V s ■ -^x ^.'^ V 

but especially in that which binds a parent to a child. No, not for the 
wealth of the whole world ; not even to secure him who was dearer 

N S C ^ 1°, , y ^ -s ^' _j> • x^ 

to her than life itself, would she have her child feel a portion 

of what she well knew would cumber her own path for years. 

She clung closely to this feeling, as a drowning man clings to a 

She clung closely to this feelii 

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life*buoy ; there was safety for both in that : she should save herself 

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firom what a woman so dreads— the publicity of unrequited, unsought 

affection ; and she oould still protect her child. Could she have 

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sought for her a happier destiny than that which awaited upon 

Arthur's bride ? Her heroism was roused : she dried her tears ; 

she sought her child ; she gave her the letter to read, and prepared 

v\i,^/^ ; ^.^^-^^^, 

herself for the blushing joy with which Kate clung round her neck. 


The struggle was long and painful ; the two powers, the selfish and the i when she asked her — if she were not happy ! There was no 

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6 March, 1875. 




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{Ksy to Corrwponding 8UtU, pag* 103.) 
neoessit J to ask her if she loved him , it was evident. In a week 
the lover returned. Catherine met him as usual ; but she could 
not have looked as usual ; for, in the very torrent and excess of 
joy which renders man careless of all hut one, he asked her if she 
had been ilL 

Lady Anne, as long as the old baronetcy was kept in the family, 
did not much care by whom ; and with the same breath which 
told her daughter ** she had played her cards badly,*' she con- 
gratulated her grand-daughter on the prospect of the speedy 
possession of the finest rubies in England ! 

The bride's mother iainted in the vestry. " No wonder," the 
company said ; ** it was such a separation !" In less than a 
month uie was ordered abroad for change of air ; and, strangelj^. 
(so ran the report), she absolutely forbade her daughter to join 
hpr. Little did that daughter know how really ill she was. still less 
the cause of that illness. When recovered from the delirium of 
fever, one of her great causes of thankfulness was, that her aten- 
dants were ignorant of the language in which her incoherent 
thoughtv found words. 

But however the frame may quiver beneath the sufferings of 
the mind, however it may war against the spirit, when the spirit 
asserts the superiority wnich comes direct from Heaven, and con- 
quers, as it ought, still ^e shattered frame tells plainly of the 
contest, though it conceal the cause. 

Mrs Sidney longed again to embrace her child. When once 
assured that her daughter's happiness depended on her marriage 
%ith her cousin, she resolved to overcome herself; but it was not 
the work of a day or a month. Sometimes the very letters she 
received from Kate and Arthur renewed the struggle ; but her 
better nature always came off victorious, until at last there was 
nothing to conquer ; and whed she looked in the glass, previous 
to setting out on the long journey that was to bring her to her 
child, whose situation so earnestly i>etitioned for a mother's care, 
she could not forbear smiling, when deepened by memory, she 
contrasted Kate's fresh young beauty with her own. She was 
so altered that people did not even fancy her a young grandmother ; 
and Lady Anne gave up the idea of her securing any fresh 
honors for the family, particularly as the long-talked-of dignity 
had really arrived, and ** cousin ** was changed into " Sir Arthur." 

Let no one imagine, because of this fearful passage. Mrs Sidney 
continued nnhappy : this, when we consider the progress and 
movement of life, is quite impossible. No high minded, right- 
acting person can continue to pipe and pine with melancholy. 
There is no passion, however ardent, that will not evaporate 
under judicious treatment The current of any river can be 
turned, if the new bed be deeper than the Old. Achieving a 
victory over self is so praise-worthy an action, that it strengthens 
and invigorates the moral frame to the end of our earthly days. 
In her case the love did not die— no love can ; but it changed 
objects : it became diffused amongst a number of creatures that 
recalled — some, the childhood of Kate— others, the childhood of 
Arthur. And in a few years, when every trace of suffering was 
obliterated, strangers would not believe that she was the grallii- 
mother of Kate's daughters. 


{Kojf to Exporting StyUypage 104.) 

He has so constituted us that the highest conception of our 
minds is God, because nothing less than the love of God can supply 
to us our highest happiness. He has made it possible for us to 
think of truui, justice, self-sacrifice, and goodness ; because only 
to the extent tnat we realize the possession of these things can 
we find perfect peace. Falling short of our highest conceptions 
of what man may l)e and shomd be, we must come short of the 
highest joy of which we are capable. To shrink and dwarf our 
nature down to the low kvel of mere external things and the 
deb'ght which they can afford, is to defrauu ourselves. It is to 
give up for time what was meant for eternity ; it is to narrow 
down tc the earthly what was intended for heaven. A king's son, 
an heir to a throne, might choose the squalor, privations, and 
riotous debauchery of a vagabond's life; but how lamentable 
that choice ! Even more terribly sad is it for a son of God, the 
heir to a kingdom which shall never fade away, to abandon his 

birth -right, and to shrivel down his soul into being " earthly and 
sensual and devilish." 

Nothing but the love of God shed abroad in our hearts can fully 
satisfy the wants which the Creator has implanted within us. In 
sharp distress, in aching disappointments, in temporal adversity, 
in seasons of sickness, in frustrated plans, in broken promises, m 
ruined hopes, and in the hour of death, what can calm the troubled 
spirit, or assuage the anguish of our minds ? These are states 
which come to all, when the soul asserts its true nobility, and the 
man looks down on worldly honors, gain, and power, as on inferior 
things. It sees the hollowness of popular praise ; it discerns the 
deceitfulness of riches ; it feels conscious of having been created 
for better things ; it yearns for a peace that these cannot give, for 
a rest which the loss of these things cannot take away. It realizes 
that all external things are of the earth, earthly, while it was made 
for something more than earth ; while it must shortly depart from 
the earth and leave all these things behind it. Even though the 
possession of these things could satisfy the soul for a little while, 
it can only possess them for a little while ; and when they are 
lost,, what shall the soul do then ? 

" Whom have I in heaven but Thee P and there is none upon 
earth that I desire beside Thee." In one object alone can true 
and enduring happiness be found, and that object is God. 
When God created man He expressly designed that the creature 
He made should not find satisfying bliss in anything short of 
Himself. God, therefore, has implanted in us faculties and powers 
which render us restless and wretched until we find rest in Him. 
To receive just what He gives; to use what He lends; to submit 
to His will in all things ; to delight in realizing His purpose cony 
coming us, — this it is which can alone lead us into peace, and 
keep us in it. 

Sooner or later the process of loosening our hold of earthly 
things will commence. Health will break down, the flesh will 
fail, the power to enjoy earthly things will depart, palsy will come 
upon our worldly hopes, even the power to use our earthly 
possessions will waste away. By these means the providence of 
our all-loving Lord will endeavor to wean us from our earthly- 
mindedness, and to make us hunger and thirst for higher things. 
Wretched is the man who feels, in these seasons, that all he loves 
and cares for is departing; happy is the man who can then say 
with the psalmist — " My flesh and my heart faileth : but God is 
the strength of my heartf and my portion for ever." 

There is only one universal purpose concerning man which we 
can see to be at once worthy of God, and explanatory of all the 
various vicissitudes of mortal existence, — the purpose of preserv- 
ing the fullest liberty of thought and will to man, and at the 
same time to lead man by the exercise of his freedom to eternal 
life. This purpose, briefly stated, is— to fit man to become an 
angel in heaven. This Divine purpose rules in all things which 
concern man. Only by entering into the line of this srand pur- 
pose can man find true joy and real blessedness. The Eternal 
Love craves to conjoin us with Himself, by filling our hearts with 
love. The Infinite Wisdom seeks to conjoin us with Himself by 
filling our minds with truth. The Divine Goodness strives to con- 
join us with Himself, by reigning in our lives, and ruling in all our 
deeds. When the Lord dwells in us as in His temple, reigns in us as 
in His kingdom, works through us as by instruments, then His joy 
is in us and onr joy becx>mes full. For this we were made ; for 
this should we toil ; and it is the expression of the desire of this 
that we find in the text — " Whom have I in heaven but Thee ? 
and there is none upon earth that I desire beside Thee. My flesh 
and my heart fa leth : but God is the strength of my heart, and 
my portion for ever." 

HE THJ paaz. 


"Izn't it natural?" eksklemd Herbert Olford, az hi 
gezd wid admirejon al de wud-karvir) ov a klvster or 

** Veri," repl^d Edward Minit ; ** hi iz a gud artist, 
hoiever hi me bi. It woz a skilful hand dat karvd ddt 

** t wij n tu kopi it, Olford," sed an elderli person ov 

Digitized by 




6 March, 1875. 

Pp. Bb; Tt, Dd; ©Q, Jj; K k, G li : F f , Vv; R 1, ad; S 8, Zz; S J, S5: Mm, N n, Wgj 


beneyolent aspekt ; for \\, karv flouerz wel. and Ma Ver- | 
non wijez tu hav a kopi 07 dis pis. And hir iz a St 
Andrui*z kros for q, tu kopi, Minet," hi aded, az hi 
remmvd de kTverig from aaantik bst bq,tifal pis ot wud- 

tier de'z \i^rk woz nou trver, and az soin az der master 
had left dem. Herbert eksklemd wid eniq,zia8tik ardor, 
•• CTh, if i kad b^t spend ol mi tjm <yver botani, whot a 
hapi felor i Jud bi. i wud smner ^er abrod tu gader qois 
spesimenz ov plants dan dm eniiig els dat i kan ligk ov." 

** Nc. dm not se 8<y," repljd hiz fel^-aprentis ; ** tu 
kolekt plants iz, or rader me bi med, bef a profitabel and 
an interestii) emploiment ; but der ar vder pvrsqts far 
nobler and far mor nsful." 

"Nou, Minet," impejentli eksklamd Olford. "i n<f 
wher II ar stirig, \ysi q, metak az smn az q l^k, for \ don't 
wont tu sel in dat direkjon. Wbot on erl kan bi nobler 
dan tu tracers foren landz in serg ov nq and bqtiful plants, 
I Jud l^k tu n&. B«t i; nidn*t tel mi, for i kan ges wbot 
H'r goig tu se. If it ar sorl^roli konvinst dat v\t filanlropik 
ncrjonz ar sound w^nz, wh^ don't \\ put dem intu praktis ? 
It*8 veri izi tu tok. bvt when it k^mz tu aktital wsrk, \\ 
mjU benevolent foks ar j^at az xnwilii) tu begin az de rest 
ov us." 

"Sen I hav begun," repl^d Edward Minet, hiz gik 
flujig wid interest. 

** Hav begun !'* eksklemd Herbert, leig doun a model 
whi<3 hi had just bin gezig at ; " whot dm \\ min, Minet P 
Ar H goii) tu liv «8. den ?'* 

" Yes ; i Jal go if m^ ofer bi ak8ej)ted.** 

«* Wel, Minet." eksklemd Olford, " { did giv \\ kredit 
for mor sens dan h hav /on over dis biznes. Goig for a 
mijonari— goig tu liv kuntri, and frendz. and hom— goig 
tu giv up de plejurz ov sos^eti and ov buks, ov whig y\ ar 
so fond— and of tu tig a set ov blak feloz whot dc don't 
wont tu no. Let dem tig demselvz, az j'm forst tu dm, 
se \r 

" Nc noo, H ar tokig nonsens, at eni ret. ^ Jud \]k tu 
no hou H wud tig qraelf if h had tu dm it widout buks, 
and widout ever havig had eni. But j am not goig mirli 
or gifli tu tig dem, Olford. Nolej— whot \\ term nolej. { 
min— iz ofen but a gilded bubel." 

" A gilded bsbel !" eksklemd Olford, wid sum skorn ; 
'• dm q, kol it a gilded bubel tu bi a gret man, and tu bi 
luk t up tu bi everibodi ? 4 onli wij '\ kud bio suq a bubel 
az q kol it.' 

After a fu mor* remarks, de konverscjon ended. Wid 
de konsent ov hiz master, Edward Minet had oferd him- 
self az a mijonari, and hi woz aksepted. Wi must nou 
pas on tu a piriod about nin munis subsekwent tu de kon- 
verscjon whig wi hav just nareted. 

**8o n stil kip tu qr rezolmjon, Minet?" sed Olford, 
az hiz former feloaprentis kold tu bid him ferwel befor 
selig on de moro. ** * Jal kum and si h of-" 

" Wel," repUd Edward, "4 Jal bi glad tu si ^, and i 
hop It wil folo mi er log." 

** Folo q ! Ne, i ekspekt tu si \\, kum bak agen temlt 
enuf, Minet, and i Judn't l^k tm dm dat. If \ begin a 5ig, 
I Jud l^k tu go Irm wid it ; but \\v skim iz tm mug ov a 
gud ttig. It's r^t tu wiJ dat savejet wer sivil^zd, and ol 
dJit, but \ dont fil dispozd tu sakriQz m\ t^m, and hell, 
and plesur, and perhaps m\ l^f tm, just for der seks. 
€/ariti beginz at horn q, no." 

On de moro, Olford went tu witnes Minet's depsrtiir, 
for hi respekted him, do hi dimd hiz mijonari jdiaz eks- 
travagant. A tir stud in hiz ( az hiz old felo^aprentia 
stept intu de bot whig woz tu konve him tu a Jip ai ssm 
distans. A litel band ov frendz had akvmpanid him tu de 
sisid, and amugst dem wer hiz ejed msder, and a i;1ful 
fimel ov dipli interestig kountenans, hm had kum tu bid 
her Isver a penful but temporari ferwel. At de last mo- 
ment de filir)z ov de ejed perent olmost overkem her. 

** Me God bles him !" Ji eksklemd, az de bot woz puji 
of; ** i Jal never si him agen :" and az Ji uterd diz wurdz 
a fentnes kem on, whig renderd it nesesari for doz around ^ 
tu suport her. Edward wevd adqz wid hiz hand over de 
bulwarks ov de Jip, and de soroig parti turnd sadli awe. 
Herbert mi^zd over de sin dat hi had witnest, az hi strold 
homwardz. '* It iz a nobel-harted skim, after ol," hi sed 
tn himself, " and j wiJ him sukses in it." Hou men! stop 
Jort at gud wiJez, az Herbert Olford did. 

A fq yirz glided b^, and sin after sin past awe in de 
gret drama ov I^f. Herbert Olford'z master d^d, and 
Jortli after d4t an insident oksrd whig komplitli turnd de 
kurent ov Olford'z hiatori. Hi had pursqd hiz botanikal 
stsdiz wid ardor and wid sukses, and hiz Uv for de s^ens 
had rekomended him tu de notis ov a welli jentelman, 
hm rez(ded nir de siport toun in whig Herbert livd. An 
ekspedijon woz fited out for de psrpos ov eksplorig a 
rijon whig woz den not as wel non ae it iz nou ; and 
irm de influens ov hiz patron, Herbert Olford woz elekted 
tu akuropani dis ekspedijon az botanist. Hi woz delated 
wid de prospekt whig le befor him, and hi ekzerted him- 
self most ernestli tu akw^r ssg informejon az wud furder 
hiz objekt. Everlig went on prospervsli : de eksplorerz 
penetrated intu de rijon whig de wer apointed tu ekzamin, 
and wer but a de'z jurni from a popqius toun from whig 
de dez^nd tu sel for Iggland. G!e enkampt for de n^t on de 
outskerts ov a netiv vilej, and it woz rezolvd tu hav a fee- 
tiv sin in onor ov der suksesful ekspedijon. Tiu of de 
parti, unhapili, bekeni parjali intoksiketed, and wun ov 
diz tm struk a netiv for sum sl^t ofens. A kworel folod ; 
de vilej woz rouzd, and a kontest ensqd, in wjtig ^ri out 
ov de fjv eksplorerz wer kild, and de remenig tm sekqrd 
az prisonerz. c£e nqz ov dis sad afre woz konved tu de 
toun ov whig wi hav spoken, and on de ivnig whiq 
suksided de kontest an Igglijman m^t hav bin sin ridig 
rapidli from de toun tu de vilej. Hi woz resivd wid re- 
spekt bi ol do netivz, and evidentii wid afekjon bi a fi(, 
and de prizonerz wer at wuns eksibited tu him. Jsj or 
de astonijment ov bol, when Edward Minet and Herbert 
Olford rekognizd ig uder. 3^e inseast vilejerz wer apiad 

Digitized by Vni^O^ VC 

6 March, 1875 



LI. Rr: 

InU, roar : 

W w, 


y y, H h.-rAa, Ab; E e, 8 e; li, Li : O o, O o; "^3, Oa; Uu, UJm. 4i, U h. 

yea, Aay. — pat, alms; p«t, age;, pit, «at: pot, all; but, old; p«t, oose. my, new. 

bi de mijonari, and ^roi hiz influens de l^vz and a konsider. 
abel p<yrJon ov de kolekted matiralz ov de ekepltyrerz 
wer scrd. It woz dimd nsles tu apil tu hier oloriti, for 
de eksplcrrig parti had bin in de rog at de komensment 
ov de kworel, and beferr help kud bi preki^rd dez ov de 
vilcjerz hni had teken de mcrst aktiv part in de kontest 
wer far awe in de intirior. 

" Whot a bleaed n^Jon d&t woz ov iirz," aed Herbert 
Olford, on de de after hiz reskq, " when n rezolvd tu bi 
a mijonari. * Jud hav bin a ded man b;yt for i^r inter- 

" K^m wid mi," repljd Edward, ** and \i wH si dat it 
woz sTmlig raer dan a mir * ncrjon/ Dui not spik slitigli 
ov whot II dm not "jynderstand." 

"Ne, Minet, dcn't bi ofended— i ment ner harm ; de 
after ol. if whot i so yesterde bi a spesimen ov i^r kon- 
verts, I ksn't se m^q for i^r sirkses." 

" * am not ofended, Olford, bijt tu jest wid eiri^s ^igz 
iz not w^z; eni ignorant bsfoin kan dm d&t; and \\ le 
klsra tu biig a filosofer. B^t ksm and ^ Jal si mcrr ov 
mijonari lif." 

&e tiu frendz hm had 89 Tjnekspektedli met, prcrsided tu- 
geder tu a nit and spcj^s bildig, in whig dc found a larj 
konkcrrs ov boLz and gerlz ^nder netiv tiqerz, hm wer in- 
Btr«ktig dem in veri^s elementari stsdiz. Pasii) ttrm de 
pwjon ov de skml aloted tu de gerlz, and onwardz tu dat 
wher de boiz wer leketed, Mr Minet tuk a buk from be- 
far wsn ov de elder i^dz and handed it tu hiz frend. 
" Whot iz dat. (Jigk ^ ?" hi askt. 

" A speliy-buk, mebi," repl^d Olford, tekig held ov de 
buk. whig, tu hiz s^rpriz, prmvd tu bi a tritist on buk- 
-kipii) in IggliJ. 

•* Sat boi iz trenig tu bi a merman t^s klark," sed Mr 
Minet ; " when I kcm hir hi woz a begar in de strits. 
Hi kan spik IggUJ tolerabli, and ov kcrrs nerz hiz en t^rj 
"And whot dm q, prefes tu tig P" inkw^rd Olford. 
" Enilii) dat wi ne," replid de mijonari : " ridig, spelig, 
ritig, jiografi. histori. and de rmdiments ovol de sjensez ; 
and i kan ajmr n dat ssm ov mi p^pilz hav not remand 
kontent wid rmdiments enli. B»t i kan Je h beter 5igz 
dan diz." 

Mr Minet den kondskted hiz frend Irm de rmmz wher 
printig and bukbindig wer karid on, and Jed him varies 
%der tekenz ov de intred^kjon ov de arts ov sivil^zd Ijf 
intu de pies wher, twenti yirz age, semi-barbarizm had 
rend si^prim. On de S^ndc hi atended in de mijon qapel, 
and woz astonijt tu si a larj and orderli asembli ov nctivz. 
After de ivnig servis, about seventi remend tu partek ov 
de Lord'z super, and de solemniti and dekersm ov de sin 
wer veri impresiv. 

" Sat woz de * beter ligz * ov whig i spek,*' sed Mr 

Minel, after de servis woz ever ; " everiwun ov dez 

komqnikants iz, i trust, a sinsir konvert from hidenizm.*' 

Olford woz imprest wid whot hi so ; but notwidetandig 

de ernest and kindligiven kounsel ov hiz frend, hi kwited 

him mug in de sem stet in whig hi found him, and upon 
hiz arjval in Ig gland de preparejon ov de narativ ov de 
ekspedijon fuli engrest hiz atenjon and dots. Hi woz 
nou apointed ki^retor ov an eksteD8ivmq,zium. 

Yirz wigd dzr d^t intu de abls ov de past, and Edward 
Minet at leg! rivizited hiz netiv land. Hiz ejed muder 
— nou ekstrimli eld — woz stil livig tu welkum him, and 
douzandz ov delated hirerz lisend tu de akounts whig hi 
gcv QV whot hi had witnest. " Mijonari Sinz " woz de 
t^tel ov a volq,m whig hi publijt, and its popi^lariti woz 

" Tend douzand," sed Herbert Olford, az hi turnd ever 
a kopi whig hi found upon de tebel ov a frend ; ** mi 
narativ had not haf sug sakses. Whi, hi iz bekumig far 
mer femus dan i am." 

Fiftin yirz elapst, and Edward Minet woz kold from 
de fild in whig hi had toild se suksesfuU. Hi jentli de- 
pozited hiz last Jif, and departed. But hiz histori woz not 
suferd tu perij. A 'Memwor,* riten bi an ebel hand, 
woz psblijt, and igerli red bi meni an admirig rider. 

*'!Fifd douzand," eksklemd Alford, nou a heri-heded 
man; "i winder wher Qv hundred ric|erz ov mi *Lif' 
wud bi found ;" and when hi bad konklmded fte buk, hi 
led it doun wid a hevi si, and mi^zd hsf-alond ; *' ^ hav 
feld komplitli. Minet woz a far hapier man dan i hav 
bin, and hi iz a. far mer femus wun dan i Jal ever bi. 
Whot a foli i hav bin gilti ov 1 whot kan siens, lernig, or 
fern, dm for a man widout relijon?" Let us.tek wornig 
from dis just reflekjon.— Xc^ur Our. 

Nekst in importans tu ar and eksersiz kumz de selekjon 
ov diet and drigk. And in dis mater de praktikal adopjon 
ov wun komon-sens maksim wud dm olmest ol dat nidz 
tu bi dun. 3e maksim iz dis : In kesez whtr tonn ov tut 
padz involvz denjer and risk, and anader iz perfektli 9tf, 
olioez quiz de pad ov sefti. 

Wi hav sin dat de gret mas ov dis nejon (IX. S.) iz heaenig 
tu disiz, and dat individqal mizeri and domestik unhapines 
ar widli inkrisig. Wi hav sin dat eig tu nidles varietiz, 
tu stimqletig fmd anddrigks, andtude \\s ov kondiments, 
ekses in ledig de dijestiv organz iz wun gret koz ov dis 
ekstensiv suferig. Nou der iz a rig varieti and abundans 
ov simpel, heldful fmd and drigks dat ar fited for de perfekt 
development and niitrijon ov de bodi, and involv lite! iia- 
biliti tu perverjon and ekses. And when ol stimiiletig 
fmd, drigks, and kondiments ar religkwijt, and a simpel 
diet mentend, a heldful apetit retsrnz, whig iz a scf gid tu 
de. proper amount tu bi teken. previded olwez dat enaf 
pqr er and eksersiz ar sekqrd. 

Merever, i hav found bi mi en ekspiriens, and hav lernd 
from uderz, dat after livig for several munds on simpel 
fmd, der iz an inkrist suseptibiliti ov test, and a kiner 
relij for de deliket flevorz dat simpel fmd oferz. Dsz eni 
w»n remember de delij«s relij ov gildhud for a bit ov gud 
bred? ais scm rclij wil agen return when solisitcd arit. 

Digitized by VnOOQ IC 



6 March, lh75. 

Let a person for several wJks tr^ de eksperiraent ov drigkig 
9n1i woter, itir) nvliy b^t bred and bster, potetez, bekt 
frmt and milk, and at de sem t^m eksers^z absndantii in de 
frej er, and if der ekspiriens korespond wid dat ov mest i 
hav nem hca hav trjd de eksperiment, de wil se : " Never 
did fold ov de riqest varjeti ft mi J syq an ekskwizit relij !" 
3e merr a person wil limit a mil tu a y^ artikelz, and derz 
ov de simplest kind, de merr wil hi regen de apet^t and 
reliJ ov erli lif. 

NoQ de kars hir ssjested iz perfektli sef, iz ikwali pr«r- 
dtflrtiv ov enjoiment, and iz in erbidens tu de 1<dz ov heW, 
whiq ar de loz ov God. fle komon korrs p^rsqd in dis land 
ov ab3ndan8 and gormandizig iz sertenli wsn ov risk and 
denjer tu de deliket and detirioreled konstitqjonz ov de 
ad^lt and r^zig jenerejon Iz not hir de pies tu praktis 
de Eristian '* deli dqti ov self-denial P" And if de stroi) 
- and hel5i fil ner nid ov it for demselvs, iz der not a dqti set 
forr^ for dem in dis inspjrd komand : " Wi dat ar strog ot 
tu ber de infermitiz ov de wik P" — Kaderin Biger*z Leterz 
on Held (Amerikan). 

It kanot bT^t bi konsiderd a remarkabel serk^mstans dat, 
notwidfltandig de abundant harvest ov last yir, and a 
number ov «der fevorabel kondijonz, de jeneral stet ov 
tred and komers iz w-^n ov deprejon and vnsertenti. S^m 
departments in partikqlar, espejali de iron and kel ind^s- 
triz, ar in a mest prostret kondijon. Herps ar w^dli en- 
tertend dat " dis stet ov ttigz kanot last log," hut it haz 
olredi kontinq,d for a konsiderabel t^m, and wid litel im- 
Diidiet s^n ov improivment. Nor iz dis deprejon b^ eni 
minz konf^nd tu de BritiJ $Iz. 3!e United Stets ar in a 
stil wsrs kondi/on, amountig olmest^u a kronik finanjal 
panik ov tiii or dri yirz' diirc/on. Jermani, notwidstandig 
her vast resits ov indemniti mvni from Frans, and her 
trj^mfant pozijon az kogkwerer in de let wor, iz in a po- 
zijon ov komerjal and finanjal embarasment, wsrs iven 
dan d&t ov vagkwi/t Frans. In de later kvntri, de enor- 
m^B taksejon and de risent hevi losez in wor. havimpcrzd 
vsq bijrdenz on ind-sstri az ernli de marvel^s enerji and 
clastisiti ov Frengroen kan enebel dem tu srperrt. Ostria 
haz jvst T^ndergon 83Q a ssksejon ov finanjal krajez, dat 
it woz wid grct difikkvlti de Government and de Lejisletq,r 
wer ebel tu av6rt a jeneral bagkn^ptsi. 3e k(Dzez ov dis 
wid-spred prostrejon and embarasment, ekstendig o-verso- 
ineni kuntriz, most in demselvz bi ov a veri jeneral netq,r. 
Bvt de ar not far tu sik. It most bi obvios, iven tu a do! 
aprehenjon, dat de vast armaments whig ar nou biig men- 
tend bi Krisendom, iven dq,rig pis, involv a prodijos 
amount ov onprerdoktiv konsi^merz ov ig neJon*z well, 
and a krojig borden opon onest toil and komers. Jer- 
mani haz, or wil smu hav, lertin hondred louzand men 
onder armz, or held in redines for wor ; Frans, mot dan 
a milion svldierz ; Rojia, a milion and a hof ; Odtria, nin 
hondred douzand ; and ser on. az tu oder kontriz. 3en 
der ar de neviz ever inkrisig in kost and ekstent. 3iz 
armaments aktq^ali wiken de stregl ov nejonz iven from a 
militari point ov vq, and enkomber dem beftrrhand for 

konflikt. jost az de hevi armor ov de Midel 8jez at legl 
wed doun its wererz. Nor iz dis ol. Komers iz a morst 
sensitiv lig. Ov ol ligz de onsertenti ov pis and de pros- 
pekl ov wor, gretli restren its prosperos eksten/on. On 
diz groundz, it bekomz de interest ov ol sekjonz ov de 
komqniti tuorj opon der Governments de nesesiti ov kon- 
sertig som sistem ov definit internajonal lo, and som 
komon tribunal, for at list a diminqjon ov de eksesiv ivilz 
arizig from diz hqj armaments. 


au^cjfC az an ^^</ iAitan, a^ant/z 
tmmoi'^a^ ¥Aan eiffi/ «* ^paei^ nau 
nA, d/ez ae /am aa^ ui4^ Aim tn ae Zed, 
ant/ Aari(//i' c/euaufz A^'z tnaj^ae/e/ //e/^ 
wnt(^, d^iYavcfyin ne^^9t'z ^^4en /!^, 
Amc/e/a {^/Aa^^fti'c/ A^marz in Az jfi^em, 
cxf ^vt/^a/anz, ane/ o/i^en ^c/a^ 
Ae^yec/, (/eiiAer, ane/ /iaen m Aiz m^nr^ 
Be /et*mz oia mizert^ c/efi, (/i4tAz, anc/ Aff/^m, 
tA(^ /o»aer nau ae mcf^er/ Aaoi'^n^ 
Sad m ae wur/z asft au^ni ^uz aen awa, 
^/k. Aam ae^rm at* man/ AvdaoBei* ftaunr/, 
anf/Af^Mn aer a¥ni ^aefz on ae Aanf/z 
wAe^ ^de/ <^t/e/ren adre^ in Aent/A' d^efd 
doare/z Bkz (/re(//e4 'Aardiiei^z ov aep A/e. 
u/cficnz ar voie/ ou der or : man Aaz /o4d 
Atz dertoet Aeroaadnf, ane/ ddanr/z 
an ii4ufac ame(/dd nAwadz / AaAi'ne4 
anf/ a/end e/n>n, <?<« /ed, ¥Aon Be erfi/ 
^AO ^Arz Bo mfnc( Aedjfl renoveda Be /rem / 
e/eaAz anc/ A^z-ur dA4 /u meyae/AAr, 
^Azon anf/Aa/on dA<t /u AamAad Ber ,' 
wA^/ad x^ vn/ederc/ e'r Be erfi eAodenr/z 
t/d (^C' dYoafAin enef^'cz, anc/ wa/c/z 
Be deader ov a vodd e/omeneon Ber .• 
toAt^/dd evert /eA ane/ met/ ov K^^ader dene/z 
i/o/(^rd da Be omnij^adend oia ^^/^inc/, 
mAt^ j^am idd (/arA m^n (/raaz Be /em ov ^«$^fi 
da /eAored cdd Aarar/Zd ov ^Ad, 

Digitized by 



13 March, 1875. 



t fljanctk lournal, 


The ordinary weekly meeting of the Manchester Literary Club 
was held at the Clarence hotel, on Monday, 22nd February, when 
the following paper was read on ** John Byrom, the Manchester 
Stenographer," by Mr J. Eglington Bailey, the author of the re- 
cently published '* Life of Thomas Fuller." 

John Byrom needed no introduction to a Manchester Literary 
Club. Everyone familiar with tne life and works of one of the 
most amiable of our local worthies had adroit ed his versatility of 
genius. Preceding Collier, he was one of the earliest writers in 
the vernacular ; for his poet's ear detected what i*andy Mackay 
called " the gran' metaphoric powers o* the true Dawric.*' In 
one of his poems he describes how, in his early days, he was sroit 
with the love of '* rhyme, choice epithet, and smooth descriptive 

Full D^lifirent of prose. 
And through mere likirg, tempted to coiopose. 

Much of what he wrote in this way had unfortunately not been 
preserved ; but amidst his published poems were pieces which had 
attained an abiding place in every English Anthology. As a 
Diarist he had left a curious picture of an imp( rtant period of our 
national history, and along with it a representation of his singu- 
larly active mind and amiable disposition ; a picture which rivaled 
(if it did not exceed) in interest the Diary of Samuel Pepys. The 
mind of the philosopher was apparent in such poems as *' Careless 
Content'* and "The Happy Workman's Song,'* which had accu- 
rately depicted the spirit of Lancashire mwn. But the scholar, the- 
critic, and the gentleman were, to quote the epitaph, absorbed in 
the resigned Christian ; his cheerful religion and high-toned mo- 
rality having left their influeiice upon his life and works. The 
younger son of a Manchester linen-draper, descended from an an- 
cient and honorable Lancashire family, (to whose posterity this city 
is indebted for two of its churches,) Jokn Byrom was born 189 
years ago this present month (February). Destined for one of the 
professions, he was, in 1709, when seventeen years old. entered at 
Trinity College, Cambridge, presided over by the great scholar 
Bentley, Byrom's amiability of temper and modesty of manners 
made him a favorite at the Doctor s lodge, and in the pupil's hu- 
morous disquisitions in after days on disputed readings in the 
classical in which he made it appear as if (ireek and Latin 

Were intended 
For nothing else but to be mended, 
traces of the master's influence might be seen. Byrom's Diary con- 
tained many notices of the discoverer of the digamma, and one re- 
grets that Hartley Coleridge did not live to make use of it. In 
Bentley's household the young man came in contact with Joanna, 
or " Jug " Bentley, the master's little daughter, towards whom the 
young bachelor conceived a tender r«»gard. The girl, who after- 
wards became the wife of a prelate and the mother of Cumberland 
the dramatist, was a great beauty, and is said to have been the her- 
oine of Byrom's smooth song called " Colin to Phoebe," a pastoral 
which obtained for the young poet the commendations of Addison 
and the noti( e of Pope. This poem first appeared in the Suectutor 
in 1714, and there in the same year appeared also, under the name 
of John Shadow, his two in>?enious pa[ er? on Dreams, the former 
of which his admirers afterwards engraved in his treatise on 
Shorthand. By the favor of Bentley, Byrom became Fellow of 
his College. Some youthful indiscretion, due, as it seems, to 
polities, caused his sudden departure to Montpeli<^r, wh^re he at- 
tended the medical lectures, and whence, writing home, he hoped 
his friends would approve his conduct. His father, who was a 
strict Tory, is perhaps responsible for the Jacobite proclivities of 
his son. 

Two years after becoming Fellow of Trinity, Byrom, bavins 

neglected to take orders according to the College statutes, lost his 

income from that »ourco, and his friends propised to make him 

keeper of our Chetham (€itham) (or, as Byrom wittiiy called it, 


the CottonianJ library. The emoluments of the positiop were 
not large, but its retirement had attractions for one who wasmueh 
in Ix)ndon Sociity. He often entertained the idea, and mentioned 
it with another prime inducement,— ** besides, 'tis in Manchester, 
which place I love entirely.** About this time, however, he fur- 
ther complicated his prospects by marrying his cousin (1721) against 
the wishes of his family. Thrown thus up<m his own resources, 
he found a competency for several years by teac*hing shorthand, 
in London for tlie most part, his family meanwhile residing in a 
half-timbered house at the corner of Hunter*s lane and Hanging 
ditch, near the Old Church. His letters home, thus address* d, 
form not the least entertaining portion of the volumes in ihe 
Chetham series, called his ** Remains," which abound in references 
to the Manchester of his day. 'ihe death of his elder brother put 
him in possession of the ancestral property at Kersal, and the re- 
mainder of his life was spent in lettered ease, kf eping up to the 
last his interest in his shorthand and his pupils, and in bis friends. 
Byrom, who died in 1763, was in Manchester at t> e time of the 
visit of the Pietender, when, as he relates, the town was taken by 
two men and half. Since his return from the Continent, however, 
Byrom was a wiser and a warier man. This was instanced by one of 
his most famous epigrams, extemporised at a political banquet. J lis 
conduct during the Pretender's visit to this city, when he studied 
how to keep out of any scrape and yet behave civilly, was very 
much like that of Parson Shrigley, who, occupying the pulpit of 
the Old Church on St Andrew s Day, when the Pretender and his 
officers were present, praved, as Byrom's daughter relates, " for 
the King and Prince of Wales, but named no names.** Byrom's 

tit.ln nf UnAtnr wna divah fnl^im hv nmirtpair TTfl AAtimlW APfmn 


Digitized by 




13 March, 1875. 


Bb; Tt, Dd; Gq, Ji; Kk, 

bib; thught, deed; ehwrck Judge i eok^t 



Vv E;t. ad;S8, Zz; 

oalo«; bres/A, bre»Me j 

: «au«e. Bice; 

2 J, S.v 

Mm, N n, U i) : 

«ai«, noon. 

Byrom was the first shorthand author who gave the art a philo- 
BophicAl basis. Simple sounds were represented by single marks, 
the simplest beinf^ assigned to t he commonest letters . The other 
features were e asiness in joimnp s, lin ear writip g, an d the rejection 
of arbitriiry marks^ Byroms Diary which began in 1^22 is 
written in character from July, 1723. Soon afterwards he began 
to teach it with profit and succesB, swearing his pupils to secrecy. 
In 1741 he successfully petitioned the House of Commons for an 
act to secure the sole right of publishing and teaching his method. 
But the book itself, first announced for publication in 1723 and 
often since, did not appear during his lifetime. It was ultimately 
printed and publish^ as *' The Universal English Shorthand " 
by Harrop of Manchester, in 1767,^ under the editorship ot one of 
ilia pupils ; f orming an admi rable specimen of local typography . 
/ The work waTsimply i^COUmendcd to the notice of the public by 
those whom Byrom had taught ; nothing more being wanted, as 

/ tho8 
/ thej 
I into 

they stated, but a number of learners who, by putting the method 
into practice, might render shorthand uiiiversally serviceable. In 
\ those days stenography was not as now intimately connected 
\ with **the fovirth estate,'* which was then in its infancy; but 
was used by the educated classes genera lly. A contemporary 
Shorthand Manual gave a list of persons who reaped benefits from 
the art, and thay were classed in the following order : Members 
of Parliament ; Ministers of State ; Gentlemen of the Clergy, 
Iiaw, and the professions ; Sea -faring men and Travellers ; adding 
that '* it is a most useful and necessary qualification for all young 
persons and is a great help and ornament to their other learning 
and accomplishments." The advantages which were claimed for 
the art by its advocates were not ^-^^^mprirAl but ^\\^^ Hii bstantial 
and real . In a generation which flourishea under Puritan influ- 
ence, sho rthand had betOi very larKely employed for taking not es 
of sermons ; Metcalfe's. Mason s. ana liich s methods being ^yi - 
pidered the bes t. It formed in time part of the education of youths ; 
nnd its Proiessors found encouragement in " the approval of the 
Universities." The references to the art in the history and litera- 
ture of the 17th century bear further witness to its wide-spread 
use Many of the valuable papers in thfi hnpw hiflt^rie al collections 
of " Inciust nnim Joh;i^" owe their preservation to i t. Byrom 
imineti said even at a period when shorthand was very general, 
tl a it hud been "ibrmerly so much practised in Ei^land.*' In 
Bjrom's day when there was a special necessity for secrecy in a 
certain part of the public conBspondence, statesmen patronised 
the art, and numberless treatises came out under their patronage. 
Itwas, besidestjn iuc h in reouest for what was called ** Common- 
tacing, or writing out what was noticeable m profitable books. 


To its sate Jceepmg likewise were entrusted the LuariQs tnat oiiF 
foretatliers were in the babit oi keeping. Many instances of its 
use in the latter respect might be quoted. Sir Symonds D'Ewes 
j»Tof^>^ifl pripftffi journal in character. Pepy*s famous Diary was 
written according to Klch*^ method ; and the amusmg record lay 

unnoticed on the shelves oiJ\taffdalen College library until ii was 
de ciphered in our own day. Perhaps very much of that iiianst s 

-TS^iness, — certainly his unwearying voluminousness — is due to 
its not having been 'written in longhand. The private diary of 

. Lord Chancellor King, te^np. George I. and II.,. had been preserved 
by the same system. The records of the Unreported Parliament 
of 1768-74 were preserved in 48 vols, at the British Museum by 
Sir llenry Cavendish in stenography. AiQong others who used 
shoithand for their private pap ers was Bishop Patrick, whose 
would-be biographer, I)r Knight, with the view of turning them to 
account, consulted with Byrom about their transcription. 
{To he coHilnued.) 

Our readais will be grieved to hear of the death of Mr G. Read, 
who was ki.led by an express train at Romily, where he was sta- 
tion roaater. He corresponded with many members of the Pho- 
netic Society, and was estee.ued and respected by all who knew 

Biiti and Onor.—li \z wid onor vu wid bqti; a siggel liniamcnt ( 
kanot mek a hands?; m fes, n^der kan a sii)^el gud kwoliti render a 
man akompH/t ; bst a konk>(ren8 ov mcni t^n uti^rz and gud kwol- 
iix konstiti^ts trui bi^ti and trui onor. - Lakouik$. 



1 1 Brooke* C, Goods department, L. and N. W. railway, Great Bridge 

1 Bulwer J. F., 46 St Owald street, Old Swan, LiTerpooI: soboohnaater 

** 2 Cle^g Thomas, 10 Healj street, Broadfield, Rochdale 

t Cox Charles, 6 Fair street, Cambridjfe 

t •• 1 Cornwall J. B., 283 Crown sireet, lirerpool : book-keeper aii4 sAort- 

hand writer 
t ••* 2 Cridland T., jun., Hawksworth street, Ilklej, Leeds : reporter 
t Eastwood James, 27 Windsor terrace, Accrington road, Bomlej, Lano, 
t Fast F. B. E., Post office. Box 419, Baltimore, (Md.,) U. 8. A. 
t George Francis, 64 Ladywood road, Birmingham 
t * 1 Gregory W.. 42 Syc^ney road, Stockwell green, London, B,W. 
3 Gill Joseptii, 8 Shaw street, Bamley 
t Guest G. A., Hall green, Lawton, Cheshire 
• Hillard C. W., The Square, Dunstable 
1 Kellv A., 109 Beck Une, Walsall 
3 MHckencie G., 10 Prince Regent street, Leith 
8 M alley H.. 26 Upper Temple street, Dublin 
3 Martin Jolin, Ganien street, Wijan : clerk 
3 McKeman Thomas, 36 Scaitecliffe street, Aoorington 
8 Stuttaid John, Eirkwhelpington, Newcastle-bn-Tyne : methodise minister 
1 Underbill Fred., New Jerusalem British schools, Wigan : achoolmatter 
1 White T. B., Scotta street, Annan 
8 Wolfendeu James, 3 Molesworth street, Rochdale 

At0raiion$ qf Adirtu, 
Clegg John, Jirom Goosnargh to 2 Bydal momit, Duke's brow, Blackburn 
Lindsay B., /Vwa 45 Little May street to 91 Vernon street, Belfaat 
McMillan W. T., from Liverpool to 25 Oakden st., Eenmngton rd., London, 
8^. _^^ 

L»tter$ of inquiry to the Editor of fhi* Journal, mugi contain a pottage ttowp 
or an oddreaMtd pottcard. Evfry eommunication mu^f be authenticated bp 
the name and addrese qf the writer, not neceetarilj/ for pubiicaUom, but ^u m 
guarantee qf good faith. 

Members wanted for an eTercircnlator called the ** Reading Express," to 
be written in the Learners' and easy Cor. esponding Styles of Phonography, 
articles original or selected. Paper and coTer found by the conductor. W ill 
circulate t^ " Eclipse." Space fur remarks, corrected outlines, etc. No 
entrance fee ; annual subscription, 1/, payable in advance. Apply to Mr J. 
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Wanted, one or two more phonographert to complete the postal list of the 
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Wanted, fourteen members to start a new evercironlator, entitled the 
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Mr A. Drakard, 1 Elmo^ street south, Grantham, Lincolnshire. 

On the 1st April a new Ptionographic Library will be started, which will 
circulate the following periodic: Is during the month of pubMcation : Midland 
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Intending subscribers aje reoucsted to send in their names as early as pos- 
sible. Conductor, Mr 0. A. Knight, ft Marefair, Nortbamptoo. 

Mr A. W. Inman, 17 Rhodes place, Wellington road. Now Worlley, near 
Lreds, has a magazine in contemplation, to be called the " Essayist and 
Controversialist." He hopes that real first-clas!) workers will ci»mv forward 
and join him in this undertaking. The terms will be reasonable. The maga- 
line will be written in the Corresponding Style. Persons who require oa 
answer by poet must enclose a stamped directed en -elupe. [| Anyone is at 
liberty to publish a shorthand inaj^osine, but it must not contain lesson and 
exercises in Phonegraphv.— JErf.] 

Mr A. R. Uacket, 87 Longate, Peterhead, wishes to join a good evercirca- 
lator, whose articles are wholly original. He has vacancies on one or two.yf 
his own e.ercirculators. 

Mr John Marsh, 11 By ford street, Wavertree road, Liverpool, would be 
glad to correspond with an advanced French student on any subject. 

C. A. K. — We cannot snare space to repeat the notice of an evercircolat^^ 
in three anccesedve journals. 

Corrwfww .—Pa^e b5, column 1 line 12 fVom bottom, for four read eight. 
The last cf these eight signs, for the diphthong in Loaie, should be heavy in 
the downstroke. 

lAet qf the Fhoneiie ^cietyfor 1876.— The editor very much regrets that 
he has been unable up iothe pvescnt time to compile the Lbt of the Pbouetio 
Society for the present^ear, and the list of subscriplions of the members. 
His hope of bringing up, early in the new year, thearrcarsof correspord nee 
which accumulated last Deceml>er by the removal lo the new Phon^iio In-, 
stitute has been disappointed by the great number of letters and ordcis for 
books, from 80 to 100 per day, throughout January and February. Since 
entering the new Institute he has been much hindered by the prescnovj of 
workmen, the carpenters not having left till the end of last month. Phouu- 
graphers will oblige by not ordering the new List till Uiey see it advertised 

Digitized by 


18 March, 1875. 



LI, Er: 

luU^ roar : 

W w, Yy, H h. — Aa, R b; E e, 8 e; I i, L i: O o, O o; 1$ is, (5 er ; U u, lU ui. * i. U it. 

w%j, jr«a, htkj. -~ pat, alma; pet, age; pit, «at: pot, all; b«t, old; put, ooz^. mjr, new. 


W3n OV de m98t reroarkabel buks in sekred literatiir 
pvbli/t for meni yirz iz " He L^f and Episelz ov St Pol." 
Bi Tomas Lmin ^Lewin), Eskwir, M.A., F.S.A. (G. Bel 
and S^nz, London.) It wil doutles bi aded tu everi Fri 
Librari in de kigdom, and wi Jal din dcrz ov our riders 
laui dm not regiilarli si de Timz a aervis b| kopiig de folcrig 
revq, ov de w^rk, whig apird in ddt peper last Kristmas 

d^is iz W7n or derz wvrks whig demand from kritiks 
and from de pvblik, beferr atemptig tu estimet its merits 
in ditclz, an 5nkwolil|d tribut 07 admirejon. 3e ferst 
glans telz vs dat de buk iz wvn on whig de lesur ot a bizi 
l^ftiro and de hcrl resorrsez ov an enliiziastik olor hav bin 
lavijt widout stint. Amvg de bnks ov dis sizon der kan 
bi fq, if eni, tu svrpas it in de perfekjon ov its t^pograBkal 
dksekiijon, de var^eti ov its il^dtrefonz, and de komb^nd 
liberaliti and konjienj^snes wid whig everi ditel Uaz bin 
brot tn perfekjon. Az a mir ediiion de Iwxe, it iz a rer 
trit, and it rz a refrejment in diz dez ov hesti and sqper- 
fijal performansez tu Qod a buk whig iz a spesimen ov de 
meat Ivrer and komplit wvrkman/ip. Widout wijig tu se 
enilig hard ov p^blijerz, it iz iraposibel not tu obzerv dat 
87Q a buk iz di^ not tu de enterpr^z ov tred, bvt tu de 
jeurrss deve-Jon ov an olor hm haz sperd n^^ig, jder in 
lebor, or in ekspens, tu dui j^stis tu de 83bjekt whig haz 
bin de interest ov hiz Ijf. Psblijerz m^st nidz kone^lt 
de probabilittz ov a remiineretiv return for dar outle, and 
it iz obviss dat nor kalkqlejonz ov dis k^nd wud hav j^sti- 
Qd de mir ekspenditqr, tu se n^f ig ov de lebor, whiq dis 
buk m^st hav enteld. It konsists ov tiju no'bel kworterz, 
printed wid ekskwizit korektnes, if perhaps a tr^fel tui 
fentli, on rig peper, and adornd not mirii wid Qn stil en- 
grevigz bvt wid h^rndredz ov wudksts ov an ekselens nou 
akersU ever sin in Iggland in dis department ov literari 

Ov ol de sTsbjekts on whig dis lebor, az de prefes in- 
formz 7J8, or 40 yirz kud hav bin bested der iz perhaps 
msu ov prefounder or raerr jeneral interest dan de L^f and 
Episelz ov St Pol. From whotever point ov v\\ a man 
ma aprag de svbjekt, it mvst ikwali bi admited dat in St 
Pol and hiz r^tigz wi pozes de ki tu d4t marvelvs revolui- 
Jott whig transformd de Pegan intu de Kristian w^rld. 
\ven apart from diolojikal pripozejonz, it iz n^n de les 
an -snkwestionabel fakt dat hiz Ijf woz de mast important 
tvmig point ov Western histori. St Pol, merr dan eni 
Tjder siggel man, haz bin de interpreted ov Kristian idiaz 
tu de Western W^rld. In hiz berl and ediikejon hi woz 
a ligk betwin JmiJ and Grik lot, and hi haz bin de per- 
manent instrument for midietig betwin do-z tm formz ov 
mental and moral development, cle histori ov hiz l^f and 
de s^bstans ov hiz Episelz ar a kontini^^s embodiment I 
ov dis mijon. Hiz Episelz her de reflekjon ov everi im- 
portant form ov lot and sivilizejon whig preveld in de 

Raman Empjr at de koraensment ov our ira. Wer de 
simpli regarded az historikal raoni^raents ov de sivilizejon 
ov de de, de wud stand alern in dervalii ; ser mvg so* dat it 
iz wvn ov our gif difikvltiz in interpretig dem dat wi hav 
skersli eni kontemporari literatiir similarli komprehensiv 
in its skerp. Literatqr, in fakt, in our prezent sens ov de 
W9rd, did not ekzist. Buks wer riten for an edq,keted 
klas nesesarili limited in ekstent, and de did not reflekt, 
az de dm nou, de hel lif and lot ov de w^rld. B^t St 
Pol kvmz intu kontakt wid Grik and Eaman l^f in a gret 
varjeti ov sitiz and provinsez ; hi enkounterz it in its deli 
round ov komon pajonz, interests and p^rsiits ; hi iz 
brot intu kontakt wid Kigz and slevzi wid filosoferz and 
s^ldierz; wid Lstern mistisizm and Grik spekqlejon, wid 
loierz and skr^bz, wid aposelz and marterz, and, not list, 
wid wimen ov ol klasez ; and in hiz Episelz wi hav in a 
louzand almsonz a kontinq,3S reflekjon, de merr valqabel 
bekoz perfektli akaidental and vnkonjss, ov ol diz multi- 
form var^etiz ov d4t wonderful wvrld. Hi haz prezervd 
tu 38, az it wer, a mental fotograf ov de l^f whig den 
Bvrounded de Mediterenian Si, m its bredl and its depl, 
from de pales tu de dsnjon, and from de ist tu de west. 
For de spejal p^rposez ov lioloji hiz val^iz praporjonetli 
mermeutvs. Hiz r^tigz ofer an i^nkwestionabel besis ov 
kistorik rialiti b^ whig tu test de privies histori ov 
Eristianiti. Hi me bi Bed tu hav bin a kontempari ov 
de Sevier and whotever relijvs influensez determind hiz 
l^f wer prerdq,st not bj tradijonal b»t h\ kontemporari 
events, cler iz ncr gulf in point ov tjm betwin de miateri 
ov de Gospelz and de klir historik rialitiz ov St Pol'z 
karir. It iz nor winder, derferr, if in de prezent de, kon- 
trorversi and reserg hav bin direlcted wid sisles aktiviti 
tu de AposeFz l^f, and dat hi stil remenz, der in a nq, and 
enlarjd sens, " de Aposel ov de Jentilz," 

It iz, derferr, ne mir satisfakjon ov a lodabel kqriositi 
tu endevor, az Mr Lmin haz dvn, tu riprerdqs in ditel de 
serksrostansez vnder whig de Aposelz l^f woz past, and 
tu adjust, S9*tu spik, de majineri for eneblig ss tu obten 
a komplit imej from d4t fotografik imprejon ov whig wi 
hav spoken. Az iz olwez de kes when de korrs ov events 
iz gidig atenjon pouerfuli in wvn direkjon, de sem (dia 
haz bin w^rkt at b^ i^derz ; and in dis instans de r^vai 
W3rk haz w^n a klasikal pozijon in liolojikal literatqr. 
" ae Lif and Episelz ov St Pol/* bi de Rev. W. J. Koni- 
ber and de prezent Din ov (i^ester, iz dezind on a skel 
skersli les komprehensiv dan Mr Lmin'z, and wi kud not 
wid J38tis revii w^n widout peig de Tder w«rk dq, onor. 
d[e ar evidentli frendli rivalz ; and Mr Lmin relets dat 
when hi oferd S3m yirz agcr de ferst edijon ov hiz buk tu 
Meserz Logman, hi lernd dat de wer pri-engejd tu brig 
out a presisli similar wvrk hi Meserz Koniber and Houson. 
ae tm buks, marcrver, me bi regarded az nafuli s^plementig 
ig vder, and daz hm kan aford it me bi advizd tu bi bvt. 
ae ar similar in siz, and ^ntil Mr Lmin had Jen whot 
kud bi d^n bi an unlimited ekspenditi^r ov tim and mvni 
de wvrk ov de tiih klerikal olorz woz vnrivald in dekom- 

Digitized by 




13 March, 1875. 

pljtnes and biiti ov de artistik il^strejonz b[ whiq de tekst 
wot ak^ropanid. L^en nou it \z QiBi m de nsmber ov aisq 
ilsstrpjonz, and in de jeneral l»ksq,ri ov de imprejon. dat 
de ar ssrpast b^ Mr Luiia. B5t bir hi nisst bi aloud tu 
hi vnapregt, and hi haz oltcr delt wid hiz ssbjekt in a 
rfider merr komprchensiv spirit. Hi iz not kontent wid 
•<impli iliy^tretit) hiz s^bjekt ser far az rajt aim nesesari 
fjr de eUusidcJon ov de partikqlar ditel in St Pol'z l^f or 
w^rks whig iz beferr him. Bist at everi point in whig de 
ssbjekt t^Qez de lif ov de Rcrman w^rld, Mr Lmin aki^- 
millets a perfekt galeri ov il^strejonz. For instans, hi iz 
brot in de kerrs ov de narativ tu Efes^s, and after an 
Hkount ov Prerkonsitlar 8Jia, hi prosidz tu giv 38 everi 
nen ditcl respaktir) de siti ov Efes«d itself. Be«inig wid 
a komplit topografi and map, hi fsrnijez vs wid de vcriijs 
Kijpcrzd planz ov de Tempel, rikounts de tresurz ov art 
far whig it woz selebrcted, and s^pl^z biitiful engrcvigz 
ov de W3rk wid whi<3 de drsmz ov de kol^mz wer adornd, 
and ov de fcm^s iroej ov Diana ov de Efisianz. Wudkyts 
ekzibit de ^iater and de stedism, htri in der prezent apir- 
ana and in derorijinal planz, and similar wudki^ta ov koinz 
dispic de kontemporari reprezentejonz ov de siti and its qif 
karakteristiks. clis ker iz not mirli bested vpon selebreted 
tounz l^k Efesvs, b^t everi pies in CJia M^nor or in Gris 
whig de Aposel past in hiz travelz iz trited az far az 
posibel wid similar komplitnes. Tu 8¥m. perhaps, not de 
list interestig part ov 83Q a buk wil bi its ampel kolekjon 
ov artistik engrevigz ov de koinz ov de cj. Everi pro- 
minent karakter and everi konsiderabel sitiiz il^streted 
' bi its koin, and der iz ner morr wonderful disple ov ^e 
art whig wozinhirent in deljf ov d4t haf Grik, hef Rerman 
i*3rld dan de vivid partretiir whig haz bin prezervd tu us 
in its koinz and jemz. Ferto^rafi itself wil hardii prezerv tu 
60 jenerejonz de hiiman and matirial Ijf ov de prezent de 
wid greter vividnes dan dat wid whig de l^f ov de B(jman 
Empir iz reprezented tu 3s on diz prejss sternz and koinz. 
Hir me bi red in vnmistekabel outl^nz d4t ekstraordinari 
Rtriz ov personalitiz whig stampt de idia ov Sizarizm on 
de W3rld az a nil development ov hitman neti^r. In de 
pouerful fesez ov de men and de hoti bi^ti ov meni ov de 
wimen me bi sin de vizibel embodiment ov de farrs ov 
Sizarizm. 3.e Grik koinz revil de intelekt and de art, and 
de Lstern koinz de ferrs and sen/uvsnes ov der respektiv 
resez, ne les klirli dan de gret Kmnan prerfilz spik ov in- 
domitabel wil and ov ol de kwolitiz esen/al tu an Impirial 
reH. If der iz eniwsn hui kanot Jcr Mr Lmin'z enli^ziazm 
for St Pol, bvthui yet kanaprijietde wvnderful develop- 
ment ov hq,man wil, intelekt. and imajinejon whig de 
Eerman w^rld prezented, hi me bi rekomended tu Mr 
Luiiu'z pejez az a merst atraktiv and komprehensiv galeri 
pv dat splendid past. Siti after siti ov de Mediterenian 
Jerz wil pas bcftfr him, wid ol itsspejal si^perstijonz, t^pz 
ov karakter, and fizikal karakteristiks, and, in a wvrd, hi 
wil bi plest az nirli az posibel in de pozijon ov an inteli- 
jent traveler aksmpaniig St Pol in do-z mijonari jwrniz 
whig, from mer dan wTsn point ov vq, wer 83m ov de merst 
interestig travelz ever 3Qderteken in de W3rld. 

Hdvig sed ol dia vnrezervedli in admirejon ov de W3rk, 

wi ar bound tu ad dat Hk ol 3der hitman prerdskjonz. it 
haz its im perfekt s^d, and dat in W8n respekt— and di* for 
S3m p3rpo8ez de vnani important — it kanot ragk Konibcr 
and Hou8on*z W3rk. It iz konsivd in a spirit ov konapik- 
1^38 devoutnea and ov simpel Kristian belif; b3t it d3Z 
not disple eni adekwet grasp ov jder de 6lo8o6kal or 
ttiolojikal or moral prinaipelz whig 'de sorl ov Pol woz 
str3;jlig ider tu crverlror or tu defend. Tu se dat Meserz 
Koniber and Houaon ar demselvz inadekwet on dis 83b- 
jekt iz crnli tu se dat de dm not riz tu de hjt ov de gretest 
argiiraents dat kan bi pro-pounded in moral and 6lo8o(ikal 
lot. B»t de riali endevor tu grapel wid S3g kweationz, 
and wi kanot se dat Mr Lmin d3z. Perhaps tu a gret 
ckstent hiz rezorv iz deli beret ; for hi anounsez in hiz pre- 
fes dat in de revjzd translejonz ov de Episelz whig ar 
inkorporcted in hiz W3rk, hiz annortcjonz ar " seldom ider 
kritikal or doktrinal, b3t kalkqleted rader tu asist de 
narativ hiatorikali.** A similar kwolifikejon wud apli in 
S3m degri tu de hd W3rk, and, ser far az dis woz Mr 
Lmin*z men objckt, hi haz not folen Jort ov hiz intenjon. 
Stil, Blosofiz lik Epikiirianizm and Steriaizm wer not les 
vital ftrraez in Rorman and Grik ^f dan Sizarizm or Art, 
and hi hui^wud 3nderatand St Pol and hiz influens m38t 
enter vividli intu der spirit and iutu do roaner in whig de 
wer onkounterd bi Kristian idiaz. Bvt do wi ar bound 
tu ntrtis S3g defijensiz, der wud bi ssralig veri 3ngrcj38 
indwelig on dem. On ol de literari matirialz 83b8idiari 
tu hiz W3rk, Mr Lmin haz besterd not les admirabel lebor 
dan on its artistik iUatreJon, ani hi stets in de prefea det 
it iz 3pon de list konspiki|3« part ov hiz 83bjekt — nemli, 
3pon its kronoloji— dat hiz grcteat penz hav bin be«terd. 
In an3ler W3rk. in fakt, entiteld " Fasti Sacri," whig hi 
deakribz in hiz prefea az inaeparabel from de prezent buk, 
hi haz rjvald, if not 83rpa3t, ^Fynes Clinton) in a d3rer in- 
veatigejon ov de kronoloji ov de N^ Testament piriod. 
Hi arivz at konklm^onz matiriali diferig from 83m or 
doz jenerali reaivd, az, for ekzampel, bi antedetig bi tija 
yirz de resivd yir ov our Lord*z berJ. 3.0 later koQklm3oa 
involvz a konjektqr dat de ridig *' lerti yirz ov ej *' in St 
Lmk'z Gospel ot tu stand ** lerti-dri,'* and in 3der respekts 
hiz investigejonz involv kontro-veraiz intu. whig it iz im- 
poaibel for 38 tu folor him. B3t der kan bi ner kwestion 
ov de imena lernig and lebor on whig hiz konkluijonz ar 
founded, and in de •* Fasti Sacri " and de ** Lif ov St 
Pol " korabind hi haz brot tugeder a mas ov matirialz 
whig ar ikwali invalq,abel tu de student and de histerrian. 
Whotever, in Jort, kan bi d3n for de histori ov de Apos- 
tolik piriod widout enterig dipli intu de filosofikal and 
relij38 ijiiz ov de tim Mr Lmin haz d3n. Hiz W3rk iz a 
kindov BritiJ Miizi3m for dis piriod and 83bjekt in smol 
k3mpa8. It iz a siriz ov galeriz ov statiiz, jemz, koinz, 
dokqments, leterz, buks, and relika, drm whig de rider 
me wonder at Ie5ur, and whig hi me animet wid hiz era 
miizigz and reflekjonz. It m3st bi rememberd jruiout 
dat dis delitful and inatrsktiv kolekjon iz de rez3lt ov de 
devojon ov a liftim, and dezervz az m3g onor and rekog- 
nijon az meni a mi|,zi3m or pi ktqr* galeri whig haz prezervd 
its donor'z nem for jenerejonz. 

Digitized by 


13 March, 1875 




Fron ''Evenings at Home, in Worda of One SjUable/* by permiasion 
of Ueaara Caeaell, Potter, and Oalpin. Price it. td. 


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13 March, 1875. 


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ppriods BO suggestive o 

-^■^ [-. <, X ■ ^ ^ 

There are places and periods so suggestive of romantic episodes, 
that the written words, or printed dates, conjure up a host of 
fancies; and I have sonaetimes thought that traditions, whether true or 
but truth like, which rise up by the side of History, are like 
the weeds and wilcT flowers that spring fVom a soil too rich to grow 

r . -t- "^ ^x 

only the oak and the elm. 

I " - ^'-° ^ + ' 

The tradition I am going to relate has floated down as a 
family story from the period of the Great Bevolution. 

In a small tapestry hung chumber in Whitehall, in November, 

result was non-allegiance to a name, but an earnest adherence to 
principles, a patriotic devotion to his country, a determination to risk i 
life and fortune in the sacred cause of Copstiutional Government, [ 

^ ' \ K. V - %• ^ -^ J- I 

and an enthusJHstio esteem for the Great Prince whom England had 

^ "-" S ^- " W.X <^V- X^ ) 

summoned in her hour of need. Sir John Beaufort was 




^ A ^ '7 ^ -^ 

one of the secret partisans of William of Orange still breathing the court 
air of St James's. 

"^ y^ _L c" % ■ '^. o -^ ^. % • 

Sir John had long been a widdowor, his wife having been a 
I Portuguese Udy, who came to England in the suite of the hapless 

1688, a father and daughter were earnestly conversing. He, whom 
I will call Sir John Beaufort, was an excellent specimen of the soldier 

" "^ h ^ V • "^^^^ ' ^ ° 

gentleman of that day; not precisely the cavalier, as that word is 
generally understood, tut sociething much no^ ler. He was old enough 

, N . y ^ ._^, V "^^ • \' 

to remember the days of Cromwell, to have experienced the fever of 
loyalty at the restoration of Charles Stuart, and to sigh over the 

Queen Katherine. His daughter Eleanor inherited the Saxon blue 
eye of her father; while her soft, abundant jetty tresses, showed 

{ 1^- r^- 

jetty tresses, show 
that the South had dashed some sparks of its ftre through her nature. 
She had been bred a Catholic, according to her mother's dying wish ; 

" "^ A 1. ■ V 'ov^ "^ ^. -I- 

and Sir John, though an earnest and sincere Protestant himself, had 
respected that wish — had refrained from using influence, either direct, 
or indirect, to shake her opioions. Hitherto she had been under the 

^ K ^ V. <7.' i ^-^ '^ 

wasted powers and misused opportunites of the man who bad not proflted ] spiritual direction of one Father Luigi, a distant relative of her mother ' 

<^ ^ , 

\ J 

by adversity. He hud mixed with all parties and all seots; the 

and a favorite of the present queen, Mary of Modena — » Jesuit 

Digitized by 


18 March, 1875. 



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r V.O . ^ s-/\ (x v-^ -<r^ ^ 

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f- _ w X |v, < .w .v^ y' ..^ 

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•N^ < - ° -- :o.. s_ V '1 -^ L 'L 

V -'^ >. -V's^f. / -^ ° N \ (; ' 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Y s ^x 7. »>.. ^ ^ -^; 1 

°-o"\ X ; 

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13 March, 1875 ^ 



{K§y to Corresponding St^le^ paga 115.) 

priest* who, beneath a calm« affable, exterior, possessed grea 
abilities and a mo^t unscrupulous character. He it was who bad 
placed his young relntive about the person of the Queen. 

Yet though Sir John, out of respect to his d'^ad wife's last 
desire, had permitted Eleanor to be instructed in the tenets of the 
Romish faith, his heart bounded with a joy that had long been 
strange to it, as now she revealed that her own soul had shaken 
off its load of errors and superstition ; that the darkness had cleared 
from it ; that, by the goodness of Him from whom all enlighten- 
ment comes, she saw Christianity in its simple sufficiency and 
unadorned majesty ; that she was of one faith with her revered 
father, and that this was what she wished to say to, him ere he 
left London, as she knew be was on the point of doing. 

The soldier, in the pride and prime of his sturdy -manhood, wept 
tears of joy as he listened ; he held the two hands of the young 
maiden in his ; then released them, and circled her lithe form 
in his arms; pressed her with all a father's tenderness to bis 
brave heart ; apd as her head nestled there he showered kisses on 
her brow, and on the ebon curls which so often recalled to his 
mind the young wife snatched away in her early bloom. 

** Barling Eleanor," he exclaimed, ** I leave you the happiest 
father in the kingdom. The fears, th<^ cares, the anxieties for 
your future lot, which have often lain heavy on my heart, seem 
li^^ from it by this revelation, just as a morning mist rolls away 
when the snn shines brightly forth. A girl with so clear a mind, 
so brave a heart, will not wreck herself on the common rocks 
which beset her sex ; and after the next few weeks, please Heaven. 
I shall be again your protector, never to relinquish my trust, till 
I give this little hand to some worthy man of the true faith. My 
Eleanor is heart-whole as yet, I know P" 

*' Ah, yes," replied the maiden, with a blush and a smile ; 
" and likely to remain so while my soul is filled with the strange 
eventa which are hourly passing around us. ** Father," she 
continued in a whisper, " father, you are going on a dangerous 
and difficult mission ; my heart tells me so. Tet I pray you in- 
form me of the details, that in your absence my anxiety may take 
a single tangible shape, and not rise round me in Pi otean forms, 
uttering to me rumors and echoes of terror fipm every point of 
the compass." 

" Right," answered Sir John, likewise lowering his tone, while 
as he spoke he drew Eleanor into the deep embrasure of a window ; 
" you are right, and I will confide to you that I go to join the 
Prince of Orange at. Exeter. Mark me, girl ; we all wear masks 
at Whitehall, and it is needful that for a time you hide from the 
Jesuits here that you have abjured their faith — so shall you be 
able to render true service to a great cause. 


{Key to Beporiing Style, page 116.) 

" We know that all things work together for good to them that love Ood." 
— BomtanM riii. 2S. 

The difference between a true Christian and an unbeliever is 
80 great that even in the most ordinary affairs of life it may be 
clearly seen. The unbeliever does not see God in anything. If 
he is so successful in wordly affairs, he praises his own cleverness ; 
if unsuccessful, he blames something that he calls ** his luck ;" it 
a pleasant surprise comes to him, it is ** a happy chance ;" if an 
unexpected disappointed, it is " a heavy blow," borne impatiently 
and often cursed. Severe sorrows may well wither up his soul, 
for there is but little to alleviate them. Prolonged misery may 
well sink bim to the grave, for there he may fancy is rest, and 
beyond he has no hope. The true Christian discerns the hand of ihe 
Lord in all thin^8. He believes that nothing can happen but what 
is known to God, and is permitted or appointed by Uod for some 
good end. He is confident that even the evils which he sees, or 
from which he suffers, are permitted only in order to prevent the 
existence of still greater evils There is evil enough in the world, 
but thf*re might easily be more. The reason why there is not 
more evil than now exists is because of the over-ruling Providence 
of God, who h ith ** set bounds to the sea that it cannot pass over." 
He perceives that Go<i has in times past made even wicked men 
instrumeuts for promoting His Divine purposes. He has taught 
men to love peace by the horrors of war ; led nations to greater 

freed jm by moans of the oppression of tyrants ; induced men to 
become wise by experience of the sori'OAs which ignorance ha 
brought upon them; and by the peaaUies of vice He has whipped 
men into desiring virtue. 

Recognising the overruling providence of God in all events, 
harmonizing the two great Divine purposes, namaly, the preserva- 
tion to all men of the sacred possession of liberty to choose either 
the evil or the good, and at the same time to leid them in free- 
dom to the love and practice of goodness, the Christian learns the 
beautiful and consoling lesson of trust in the love and mercy of God. 
For if the providence of God is over all things ; if He feeds the 
ravens when they cry ; if not even a sparrow falls to the ground 
without His knowledge and permission ; if He clothes the lily of 
the field with beauty, and gives to the rose its sweetness, — then, 
indeed, may we who are ^* much better than they " trust in Him 
as to our own selves. 

The ground of true Christian trust is stated by the apostle in 
the text : " We know that all things work together for good to 
them that for good to them that love God." 

This does not say that those who love God will always be kept 
from doing roost foolish and even wioked acts. The possibility 
of falling must ever in this world ^o side by side with the pos- 
sibility of rising. We are ever maintained in a state of spiritual 
freedom, and while here we may sin if we so choose, or obey if 
we so will. 

Nor does the text say that if those who love God do foolish and 
wicked things, they shall not suffer the penalty attached by an God to deeds of folly and wickedness. It would not be 
merciful if folly did not bring loss and pain ; if sin did not bring 
misery and remorse. By the discipline of suffering the Lord 
strives to lead men to wisdom and goodness. A Christian can no 
more transgress the laws of health with impunity than can an 
unbeliever. Idleness in a Christian will bring him to poverty 
and want, just as it wouM an unbeliever. Neglecting properly 
to educate, to fe 'd, or to clothe his children, will be every whit as 
disastrous to a Christian as to an unbeliever. Indeed, it is hard 
to see how a man can bo a true Christian and neglect any duty 
that is obvious to all. He may, however, err from ignorance ; 
and if he does so err, the text does not promise that he shall be 
exempted from the consequences of the error. 

But the text does promise this : that if a man truly loves God 
and continues to love God, then, whatever may befal him — pros- 
perity or adversity, pleasure or pain, sorrow or jov — all shall 
work together for his good, it does not say that the Christian 
shall have no troubles ; it does say that his troubles shall be made 
a blessing to him. It d es not say that the Christian shall not 
prosper in the world ; it does say that prosperity shall promote 
his usefulness in this world, and his fitness for the world to come. 


3.e iland ov Peoag roe noa bi sed tu konsist ov wzn 
vast plantejon ov n^tmeg^ and frmt trjz. Haf a senta^^ri 
aga dis pies woz a perfekt wildemes, orverrBH wid ragk 
vejetejon, de miazma frotn whig prmvd fetal tu meni or 
de erli Uro-pian setlerz. Nou-a-dez Penag haz arivd at a 
veri h[ stet ov ksUiveJoQ ; and, dor de s^rfes ov de ground 
iz T^niven, konsistii) az it d:$z ov olternetig hil and vali, 
(wid de eksepJoD ov derz levelz oki^pid b^ Jorj and Jemz 
Toun,) de erl haz bin tild and k3ltiveted, triz planted vp 
hil and doun del, til skersli an eker remenz vnreklemd. 
Olmerst everi skwer fut ov ground haz bek3m a serten 
80Tg ov revenii, yildig ner skant return for de toilz and 
kosts ov hszbandri ; for n^troeg plantejonz ar az gud az 
stok invested in de ftfndz — wid dis advantej, dat de per- 
'sentpj on de kapital einbarktiz iarjer, and go^z on inkrisig 
from yir tu yir az de triz grer <ylder and yild merr abun- 
dant krops. 

tie mast ekstensiv plante/onz in Pena^). at de t^ra ov 
de riter*z vizit, wer daz ov de Mesierz F. B. and Eor. 

Digitized by 




13 March, 1875. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; G q, J 
peep, bibi tmnghtf deed; ekuroh 

Kk, Gg: Ff, Vv; Rl, ad; Ss, Zz; X J, X3: Mm, JS n, 
coke, g\g'. /ear, valce; prea^, bres^^e ; «auce, size; fAip, azure: maim, noon. 

eixy : 

acr properti, nera az "Gloig^r," iz veri ekatensiv, yildig, 
az wi wer informd, from ten tu fertin louzand poundz per 
an3m ; and tu dcr hospitabel man Jon wi, az iz de w^nt ov 
ol strenjerz vizitig Penag, ped a morst agrJabel yizit, and 
brot awe wid tts stavnerz, not ernli ot de plea itself, b»t 
olser o? de hospitaliti ov its k^nd ernerz. 

Gloig^r iz siti^eted in de intirior ov de jland, about an 
our'z smart driv from de si s^d. Be plantejon ksverz a 
spes ov several skwer m^lz, inklmdig vndi|l8tir) hilz and 
ekstensiv valiz. On wsn ov diz hilz, sitqeted nirli in de 
senter ov dcr properti, rjzez a spejss and elegautli-kon- 
strskted man Jon, komandig a Qn vq^ov de ^land, de Ssdern 
<»ganel, and de opozit teritori ov Proving Welzli. It wud 
bi difikslt tu giv de rider an adekwct Jdia ov de bi^tiz ov 
dis spot, espcjali at de sizon ov de yir when de n3tmeg 
krop iz biig kolekted, and when de mongost^n and ^der 
I^Jtts frmt triz hav der bouz bent tu de veri ground bj de 
wet ov drr rig prodqs. ais estet me bi regarded az de 
garden ov Penag, for de bq,ti ov its sineri and its vejetetiv 

B^t de grand atrakjon at Glrag^r iz ^ndoutedli de n3t- 
met plantejon. Meni ov our riderz me perhaps bi ignor- 
ant ov de histori ov dat aromdtik n^t, de agriabel flevor ov 
w hig iz olwez ser welk^ra in de k^stard. and in de sderwjz 
63mwhot insipid sega ov de svferig invalid. If de wil bi 
SOT gud az tu ak3mpani 3s in our tuir ov inspek Jon, wi Jal 
bi plizd tu akt azg^d and interpreter, and eksplen materz, 
ser far az l^z in our h3mbel pouer, az wi rjd alog. 

Ferst, den, havig past drm de vast number ov matqrer 
triz in de neb3rhud ov Gluig3r Hous, wi k3m 3pon a w^d 
spes ov gradiiali-sltrpig ground, whicj komandz a S3derU 
aspekt, and whig, terminetig at its gretest h^t in an abrspt 
hil, efektq,ali Jelterz de plantejon from d^z violent gssts 
and skwolz whig bier from de kast ov Sq,mBtra, and whig 
wud Yderwjz prmv fetal tu de y3g and tender sapligz ov 
de nytmeg, dn,rig de ferst fq yirz ov der n3rti|rig. Hir 
wi Qnd, likli planted, wid hardli twelv ingez spes betwin 
ig saplig, louzandz ov ysg plants 3nder de tender siiper- 
vison ov a skor or mar Male gardenerz. ais iz de n3r- 
seri ; and hir de Jmts dat sprig from de 3ndrid n3t8 ar 
tended and wogt diirig de spes ov ttu yirz. VL wil obzerv 
dst de ar prertekted from de gret hit ov de mid-de 63n bj 
a spijiz ov onig, koraperzd ov rsjez and orld mats, eekiirli 
fasend tu stevz driven fermli intu de ground, ais onig 
standz about Iri fit from de ground, ser dat de erli and let 
rcz ov de 83n, h&^ mornig and ivnig, penetret vnder de 
Jedz, and aferd worml and nsrijment tu dey3g plants for 
about for ourz dqrig de de. aen agen, bj de sem prcr- 
vigon, de hevi Jouerz ser frikwent in de Strets ar ekskluided, 
or at best kan ernli rig de plant bj filierig jentli Irui de lik 
mat kyverigz. Ol dis ker iz indispensabel, for de nstmcg 
iz, az yet, an ekzotik ; and iven wid everi prekojon, nirli 
W3n-derd ov de ysg plants dj of ani^ali. aerz dat 83rviv 
dr^v l3stili, and at de end ov tui yirz ar transplanted. 

ae nekst partijon in de plantejon, immidietli adjoinig 
de n^rseri, iz de ground tu whig plants ov a tiju yirz' gra;} 

ar remuivd. ais spes iz olser veri m3g Jelterd, b3t de 
onigz ar nou dispenst wid. ae gret hit ov de de, de ren, 
and de hevi dqz, ar reder advautej38 dan 3derwiz tu de 
greJ ov de triz. Nstmegz transplanted hir from de nsr- 
seri, remen for Qv yirz, dqrig whig interval de atan kon- 
siderabel hjt and stregt. In dis spot, az n wil obzerv, dcr 
ar triz ov ol s^zez and ejez, from de n3rslig ov last sizon 'z 
transpl ante Jon tu dat ov seven yirz* greri, whig iz nou redi 
for its fjnal remmval, and me bi ekspekted in de kers ov 
a yir or tiii tu yild its ferst krop ov n^tmegz. 

Az wi advans intu de hart ov de plantejon, wi k3m 
3pon triz in ol stcjez ov fr^ktiBkeJon, from daz dekt out 
wid deliket blosomz tu de mati^r triz berig fruit, ae frmt 
ov de n3tmeg veri msg rezembelz, in siz, k^lor, and Jep. 
our IggliJ pig. When, houever, it iz perfektli r^p and 
83rgarjd wid jms, de frmt b3r8ts epen, displeig tu vi|, its 
hirtufoT konsild konsild tregur — de dark-broun n3tmeg. 
testfuli envelopt in its rig and kostli krimzon mantel, whig 
later konstit^ts de sp^s nen az mes. 

When de frmt haz atpnd tu its perfekjon, de bizi sizon 
ov deyir arjvz. Men, wimen, and gildren, in bandz 3ndfr 
de siipervigon ov ekspirienst and tr^stwsrdi orersierz, 
ar nou okup^d in Jckig de rigli-leden brangez, gaderig 
de folen fruit, kerfuli p^lig dera in l^t wiker baskets, and 
transperrtig dem tu de werhousez or magazinz, wher de 
sortig, klenzig, pikFg, drjig, wcig, and pakig operejonz ar 
skilfuli karid on, 3nder de siiperintendens ov men wel verst 
in dis pekqliar kolig. 

Fii triz prezent a mor strjkig pikti^r ov de biiti and 
perfekjon ov de W3rks ov God dan de nutmeg, ae hand- 
83m broun trvgk and testfuli spred brangez, de splendid 
dip grin ov de faliej, de razi tinted grin and stro-kwlord 
frmt, de inkomparabel krimzan ov de mes, and de fyi dip 
hq, ov de nstmeg itself — ol diz kontrast and yet kombju 
83rprizigli tugeder, and eks^t de admirejon ov de beherlder. 
Hou grejss ov« de Lord ov de univers tu pravjd for hiz 
kriti^rz, not cnli a s^plj ov de nesesitiz ov Ijf, bst tu kon- 
83lt der ksmfort bi skaterig si^perflmitiz for de enhansmeut 
ov der enjoiments. 

And nou, if de rider bi stil wilig, wi wil tek a brif 83rv8 
ov de laboratori or W3rkig department atagt tu de plante- 
jon, whig iz nesesari for its proper s^kses, and 3pon whig 
our distant ^land iz dependent for de benefits it der^vz 
from de prodi^s ov de nutmeg tri. 

After l»ngon wi ar eskorted bi de prcrprjetorz Inii do 
bak kart-yard and intu de W3rkig department, in whig 
okqpejon iz afcrrded tu niimerss men, wimen, and gildren. 
ae horl prezents a sin ov bizi aktiviti ; and wi hir bek3m 
i-witnesez tu de entir prases de frmt 3ndergerz, from de 
merment it iz gaderd from 3nder de triz, 3ntil it iz seki^rli 
pakt, markt, and redi for Jipment. In S3g a larj plantejon 
az'Glmg3r, ova nesesiti de spes ov ground rekwjrd for 
diz esenjal servisez iz veri gret. ae hcrl iz enkltrzd b^ a 
spijiz ov wiker-w3rk fens, wid alofti pandal or Jederekt^d 
crver ig separet department ; se dat whilst a fri serki^^lejon 
ov er iz admited, svn and ren ar kerfuli ekskluided. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

13 March, 1875. 



LI. Er: W w, Yy, Hh.— Aa, Hb; Ee, 6 e; li, li : O o, O o; TS s, Off; Uu, UJm. 

lull, rotrt way, yea, »»y. — pat, alms; p«t, age; pit, <ats pot, all; bat, «ld; pBt, oaie. 

mjr, new. 

On ferst eoterig, wi k^m «pon baBkets ov nqli-ksld 
fruit ; dJz ar biig rapidU hvskt, (dnt iz tu se, de k^frael, 
konsistir) ov de nstraeg wid de mcs litli adhirii) tu it, iz 
separetcd from de fruit,) bj wimen and qildren ; de fruit 
iz irern aajd intu larj wuden trofs, and de kernelz ar put 
intu empti baskets, pleat in rerz at de fit ov de wT^rk-pipel. 
Az sum az wvn ov diz baskets iz 61d, it iz wbipt of intu a 
sekond department, wher, 3nder skilful handz, de nutmeg 
"^ndergerz de prerses ov pilig : dat iz tu se, de roes iz ker- 
fuli separeted from de n^jt ; and diz biii) plest in separet 
baskets ar agen handed tu a ^erd klas ov leborerz, huiz ker 
it iz tu sort de mcs and nstmeg, separctirj de diferent 
kwolitiz, and asorlii) de veri^s s^zez. c£e liu distigkt spjsez 
den ^nderga de pro-ses ov wcig, for de p^rpos ov aser- 
tcnig de net prodi^s, az olsa for kalkiiletig de los s^stend 
after de sp^s haz bin s^bjekted tu de dr^ii) prases, whig 
natiirali Jrigks it a gud dil, and wberb^ de ekselens or de 
revers ov de sizon'z krop iz asertend. Bad sizonz ar dis- 
tii)}?^ijabel bj konsiderabel diminijon in de wet. 

From de skelz, de baskets kontenig de nvtmegz ar kon- 
vcd tu a log renj ov svenz, wher, bide cd ov artifijal hit, 
de ar gradqali dr^d ; diirir) whig pro-ses de outer Jel iz 
krakt, and de nstmeg iz ekstrakted. It iz afterwardzeks- 
perzd tu er, ■snder Jelter, for meni konsekiitiv dez, and 
durii) dis period it iz kontiniiali turnd, seaz tu ekspo-z ol 
parts ov de u«t. 3e mcs Iz likw^z karid of from de skelz 
and spred ^ypon renjez ov mats, wher it iz left tu harden 
at legur. A gret varjeti ov Jedz and tints iz tu bi sin in 
dis drj[ir) department, clerz risenli ekspazd tu de er stil 
reten der briliant krimzon hii ; nekst tu diz k^mz de dsl 
red ov yesterde ; den a feded tinj ; nekst a sikliyelcr ; and 
sor on Irmout, til wi ar^v at de mats on whig daz ov a dinji 
broun k^lor, k^rld ^p and krisp, indiket mes redi for pakig 
and eksp^rtejon. 

In a department distigkt oltugeder from de W3n de- 
skribd, wi me witnes de finijig tsQ tu de biznes. Hir iz 
a riura kwjl fild wid baskets and fregrant ^id sp^si arema, 
in whig ssm personz ar emploid in weig ni^tmegz or mes, 
wh^l Tjderz ar netig doun de number ov pikulz (a wet ikwal 
tu about 133ibz. IggHJ) ; s^m ar knriig of de wed bas- 
kets tu de pakig rmra, wher de ar diiU pakt in redi-med 
kcsez, havig der respcktiv kwontiliz markt on dem in Cjniz 
hieroglifiks ov an incj'and a hflf in depi. Klas at hand 
ar de ,w3rkJops ov ssm ten or a d»zen GJniz karpenter^, 
hiu irmout de de, and dat everi de in de yir (Svndez ek- 
septed), ar perpelqali at w?jrk, soig. kstig, hakig, hamerig, 
nelig, and finijig de wuden keses rekwizit for de sp^sez ; 
der log telz, mint^m, pruivig a se^rs ov endles anoians tu 
dem, from ider getig entaggeld amygst de Jarp til ov de 
Boz, or biig fermli neld intu s^sm pakig kes. 

In de fr«nt yard ov de pakig-rmm ar several larj karts, 
dron bi pouerful bufalo-z. cliz ar biig le-Jed bi kmliz. 
In a fii ourz de karts hiiv riqt de woter'z ej ; batmen ar 
manfuli Jalderig de kcsez and kariig dem intu der bats, 
wher de pies dem in de driest posibcl pozi/on. cle bate 
konve diz alogsid destecli Jip, whigiz on dc point ov selig 

for London, in hmz hald de hal karga iz kerfuli stad. ffe 
Jip sclz ; bst her voiej iz a tidiss w«n, Ji biig m^Q b«feted 
about of de Kep ov Gud Hap. Eri m»nls befar Ji arivz 
in London, de CTverland Mel haz brot intelijens ov her 
welli fret. Inji^rans haz bin efekted, and de greter part 
ov de karga said ; and de nekst tira wi rekogniz de kesez 
wid de Giniz hjeroglifiks, wi Qnd dem pjld ^p lik a pira- 
mid in de Lifndon or St Kalerin'z Doks. A fortnit Icter, 
and wi me le out a peni in de p3rQe8 ov w^n ov diz nst- 
megz at a graser z not far from Touer Hil. — Le^ur Our, 


Everi de and our Jud bi sckred, and na rit w^rk iz pra- 
fen. cle outk^m ov rit mativz, da it me bi mir stro in 
itself, iz, tu de akter, from daz mativz, sekred. Se habit 
ovsa aktig iz de gret :Jig tu form in de ferst pies; ekse- 
lens and SHpirioriti ov w^rk iz Jmr tu fola in tjm. God 
blesez de efort tu w^rk out gud intenjonz. Lvil mativz 
and der rezblts ar de anli :}igz dat kan bi trmli kold pra- 
fen. Neverdeles, w«n ra'sst not forget dat, olda de ma- 
tivz me bi rit, de akjonz founded on dem me bi oltugeder 
misteken. It iz not en^f tu wil tu diu gud ; w^n must 
striv hard bi everi minz in W3n*z pouer tu Qnd out kou 
tu dm it. Intiiijon me bi trusted wher der iz na tim or 
oportiiniti for lot, but it wil not dm, in our prezent stet, 
tu tr»st tu dat entirli. Whotever it me bi hirafter, it iz 
not hir our wun sens, and, iven wer it sa, it wud hav, ^k 
ol uder faksltiz, tu bi kerfuli, prerfuli, and industriusli 
kultivcted. Lit and trml must bi sot for :Jrm de eksersiz 
and simpaletik trenig ov everi fakulti ov de mind and 
spirit ; nor must de bodi, de instrument tJrui whig wi hir 
manifest, bi neglekted. Let us i^z everi efort tu dm and 
digk ritli, and ekspiriens wil prmv tu us de trmj ov de 
aid proverb. ** God helps ti<jz hm help demselvz.*' Hi 
dJfz not help de slugard, de wun hm prez wid de moul 
anli. Man must pre wid biz hal sal, hiz hal fak»ltiz ov 
bodi and mind. God haz given us iq wurk tu dm, and da 
ever redi tu help, gid, and sekond ol our eforts, Hi wil 
not dui de wurk for us. Tu dm sa wud bi tu redi^s us tu 
mir majinz. Tu a man wid a sound mind in a sound bodi, 
eksersiz, wheder mental or fizikal, iz a pozitiv plegur. Qe 
end ov sug eksersiz iz not mirli de kuverig ov a serten 
amount ov ground, or de akwizijon ov serten itemz ov 
nolej, but de brcsig and stregfenig ov de bodili muselz 
and ov de mental fakultiz involvd in sug eksersiz. Troi 
mental rest iz not idelnes, but rmmine/on, in "qmig de 
kud " ov nolej, in lesurli asimiletig our niili-akwird storz, 
and ka-ordinetig dem wid our priviss slok. Eni konjus 
mental stren hir iz ofen mar hurtful dan ^sful. Kiimli 
ligkig and turnig aver de subjekt in wuu'z mind iz de best 
we ov dijestig ni^li-akwird nolej, and a veri gud plan— gud 
for mind and bodi— iz tu tek a log wok on it,— Selekied. 

It iz nesesari svmtimz tu refren from kwestionig our frendz, dat 
wi m8 not dro from dem whot wi ot not tu nd, and espe/ali dat wi 
me not tempt dom tu do&iv vs. 

Digitized by 




13 March, U75. 

Les dan fiftin ylrz aga an Ir)j?liJ Icdi, rekwirig a do- 
mestik servant, had litel merr tu dm dan borer de Tlmz ni|z- 
peper for a peni an our, and anser de adeertizments ov A. 
B. or Y. Z. cle tsbelz ar nou komplitii tsrnd. In a 
pJriod o? tim konsiderabli 3nder twenti yJrz de pozijon ov 
aferz iz presjali reverst. It iz de ledi — not de servant — 
hui iz kompeld ta advert^z, and iven den Ji iz not l^kli tu 
resiv meni aplikants for her sitiicjon, «nlea Ji oferz s^q 
brjbz az pcig for relwc ferz, omnibssez, and ser on. cle 
demand iz greter dan de s9pU, and de modern houskiper 
iz at her wits* end whot ta dm. Se kuk» hm a fq, yirz 
aga klind delerer apartments, de dinir)-rmra, besment, and 
scr on, vterii refi^zez tu ster beyond de kiqen flerr. It iz 
a mirakel if Ji wil skrsb de ki^en-dreser nidout de wikli 
asistans ov a qarwuman— a sad kriti^r — hmz h^zband iz 
out ov W3rk, or drigks, and ekspekts beyond her deli wcj 
tu fid her famili from de skraps frili prezented tu her b^ 
her frend de kuk. 3.e modern housmed avoidz qildren az 
a bul wud a red ra^, and, if Ji kondesendz tu aksept a 
sitqejon wher gildren ar aloud tu ekzist, Ji fermli refi^zez 
tu •* help in de n^rseri," dat iz tu sc, tu kari 5p an oke- 
gonal diner, or tu remcn b^ de bebi's kot when der iz an 
instant ov w^ri. 3e modern n^rs wil nj^der k.iri ^p kalz 
nor ster a figger tu help eniwyn or enilig b^t apertenig 
tu her em department, and de pmr modern m«der iz kom- 
peld tu remcn in de n^rseri ol S^nde aflernmn or ivnig, 
in order dat de utsts mc gaout tu si de ** y3g man tu hmra 
Ji iz engejd." Refqz diz strikt and simpel kondijonz, and 
de midelklas houswjf iz entjrli widout atendans ov eni 
sort or k^nd ! SCer iz absolmtli no miitqal konfidens be- 
twin servant and emploier in de modern housho-ld. fle 
beter domestik servants ar trited de greter libertiz dc tek. 
Sentiments ov onor ar tu dem az inkomprehennibel az ar 
kind W9ruz and jenerdsiti tu de Lstern slev. cle ekselent 
n^rs — a patern on ol els— refiizez tu tel her emploierz 
when de kuk iz drsgk, when several familiz ar biig 
syparted on de remenz ov de diner, when de housmed iz 
werig de kladig ov her mistrea, and when, njt after njt, de 
kigen iz ful ov forbiden strenjerz, fasti g and rjotig at de 
master'z ekspens. £le n^rs ntrz ol dis rog, and admits de 
fakts when de ar diskisverd, biJt der iz a friracsonri in de 
kiqen merr pertent dan JTJ^tis and onor. — Piktvrial W^rld. 

8ikret9 ov Ktmfort, — 3.o %Tsvni\cnz smol ivili, Ijk invizibel insekts 
inflikt pen, and a si^jgel her me st^ip a vast ma/in, jet de QJf sjkret 
ov kKmfurt'liz in not ssferig trifcfz tu veks w«n, and in pruidcntii 
kvltivetir) an vndergro:^ ov smol plesurz, oins veri fi^ gret wsnz, alas ! 
ar let on log Lisez.— Earp^s E»cz. 

Reverens for Trmd amsr; de A6enian$. — ae vertq ov de en/cnt 
Alenianz iz veri romarkabel in de kes ov XXripidiz. His orret trajik 
pcret, der femvs for de moraliti ov hiz plez, had intrmliist a person hui, 
biig reminded ov an Gr5 hi had teken, repl^d, " i* swor ^d mi nioui, 
bst hot wid mi hart." He impieti ov dis sentiment set de odieus in 
an ^prerr ; mea Sokratiz (der an intimet frend ov de peret) gcr out ov 
de (tauter wid indignejon, and gev sa f^ret ofens dat hi woz p^blikli 
akqzd an«l brot ^rpon hiz trjal, az w?fn hiu had s^jested an evejon ov 
whot de iot de mtrst hali and indisoIi\bel bond ov hq,raan 89s((>ti, 8(J 
jelsB wcr djz vertqirs hidenz ov eni de smolest hint dat m^t erpen a 
we tu per) uri. — Adison. 

2Vm<?.--H.i dat oporzez hiz oti jrjment agenst de konsent ov de tj nz 
ot tu bi bakt wid ^nnnscrabel Iruidz ; and hi dat haz trwi on hiz -\.\ 
iz a full az wel az a kuuard if hi iz afred tu qz it bckoz ov de ksrcu^i 
or mNltitiid ov "sdcr men'z nrpinionz.— Pr Fr*. 

Snif. — When de temperati^r ov de er iz doun tu de frizirj point, de 
minut vesikelz ov vrpor, az de kondens, ar frcrzen intu partikelz ov 
is, whiq unit tuffeder, and fol tu de eri in de form ov snff. When 
kolokted on a kujl blak ssrfes, and vi^d druia mikroskopor a pouerful 
lenz, de snofleks ar found tu konsist ov a gret nvmbcr ov bqtiful 
kristalz. SLe /rps whiq de asqm ar veri verid indid, bst nirli ol har 
svmwhot de form ov siks-red starz. 3.e ekskwizit sim^tri and bqli 
ov asm ov dem kanot bi deskrjnd; dc raxst bi obzervd, and wil rt-pe 
de trsbel teken in de ekzaminejon. He fleks fol bxt sicrii, crig tu de 
brcMl syrfes de prez^nt az komprrd wid der wet. When de tempcra- 
ti^r iz a litel abw ^erti-ttd debris de ofen iinjt, and form larjer w?*ii?, 
whig ssmtims aten de dj^ameter ov an ing. Dqriq eni wsn fol ov 
sner der wil bi found tu ba a strog jeneral similariti inde formz ov de 
kristalz ; de vrri, houever, ^retli in diferent stormz, der dc heksat^nul 
str^tkti^r iz found tu prcvel olmcrst i^niversali. ... He whj^t k-slor 
ov sner arjzez from de kombinejon ov de veriss rez whig ar given of 
bi de kriztalz ov whiq it iz kompozd; when vi;d separrtli, de reflekt 
ol de veri^s prizmatik kslocz, bst s-in kolektivli, diz blend and form 
de pur whjt. Red sner and ffnn sner ar okcjonali met wid in Arklik 
rijonz ; it iz olscf met wid di^rig de winter in parts ov de Alps. His 
apiransez ar kozd bi de prezens ov veri minqt plants whig flvrij ia 
de sner, and impart tu it der em tinj. Az de sner folz veri luisli it 
entaggelz a larj amount ov er betwin its partikelz, and dvs bekvmz 
a veri bad kondskter ov hit. It servz in dis we a veri important 
pvrpos in de ekonomi ov Neti^r, bi prortektig de svrfes ov de f^ound 
from de ekstrim kcrld ov winter. In veri ktyld sizonz de teuiperati^r 
ov de ground ^nder de sner iz ofen meni degriz hier dan dAt ov de er 
around : de importans ov dis tu de } vg plants kan izili bi vnderstud. 
— KaseVz Fopqlar Ediiketer. 

3e Difk ov Welitfion. — Hiz iz wzrn ov derz mikst karakterz whig it 
iz difikvit tu prez or blem widout de risk ov duiii) dem merr or les daa 
JMtis. Hi haz talents whig de event haz pruivd tu bi s»fi/ent tu mck 
him sekond (and, nou dat Naperlion haz gon, de ferst) jeneral ov de 
FJ, bst whig kud not mek him a tolerabel Minister. Koufident, pre- 
zHmptq,7(8, and diktaterrial, bst fragk, erpen, and gud i^raord, hi kon- 
trivd tu ruil in de Kabinet widout mortifiiq hiz koligz, and bi has 
brot it tu rail widout forfetig der regard. 6aizig wid a veri slender 
stok ov nolej tu tck spon himself de sorl direkjon ov everi department 
ov Government, hi komplitii sagk*»nder de bsrden. Orijinali im- 
bqd wid de prinsipelz ov Lord Kaselre and de Holi Alians, hi brot 
ol derz prerlilek/ouz wid bim intu oBs. Inkepabel ov ferr»iig de miti 
events wid whig de ^y\\\\v woz big, and ov kompreiiendig de prerdijss 
oltcrcjon whig de moral karakter ov Urtrp had sndcrgon, hi pited 
himself agenat Eanig in de Kabinet, and stud »p az de aserter or 
maksimz beri^ ov foren and dumestik polisi whig ddt gret stetsman so 
wer ner logger fited for de tiraz wi liv in. — 3e Orevil Memworx, 


y^ ^^toae// a d^f^enyer, Ba^ utta eoanr/ry/'n /J/ 
^r /iu anc/ (/ec Aaz ^vrnte/ mem a *»//^ 

c/eOJea ^vi'nx a/, ^fA/eva a^nz ^uota^' 
jbe UACven /ryant^cz aa4 f^&man^i^ ^enf/ 

or Of, /oc ^ay^4, a dMOcn ^a**m oco/^ y 

ae mrrmrfz au a/, wonc/c^ey weu oc/(^ 

dA^n /a Aez ar cte ^e/c ou a /rcne/. 
Sje/7//e4^ a/ram / a» nau a/nn ?t/ Jo/, 

wnen <jA/ff^ re^rrnz en a/ ner totn^e(/Ari,r^ 
ae^^ncr(/'z (/l^t^an^ A/A iz nerr/ n^ me-r, 

ye^ UAr wict AcHiJcu Aa4 X,tt(/ i, afi/f/, 
^r /ram ae a/af/nt UAvr/u'z /am^U^if^ r&r, 

^u fn^z ^Aon (t/. caj/^o a^ Aven/jc/. 

W. L. Bulz {BowJ,8.\ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

20 March, 1875. 



fronrfk |0Mrral, 

8ATUBDAT, 20^A MARCH, 1876. 

CEAMLINGTON, Northumberland. From the Blyth Weekly 
News, — The members of Mr W. Hobkirk's Phonographic Short- 
hand Class at Cramling;ton having finished their course of lessons 
presented him with a very handsome time piece and barometer 
combined, as an acknowledgement of their appreciation of his 
ability and courtesy as their teacher. The presentation was made 
by Mr Thomas Wallace, and suitably acknowledged by Mr Hob- 

GLASGOW.— The members of the General P.CLphonetic class, 
Pitman's system, met at Black's Restaurant, on Wednesday, the 
3rd March, for the purpose of presenting to James H. Wallace, a 
handsome writing desk, as an acknowledgment of the success that 
attended. The desk bore the following inscription. '* Presented 
to J. H. Wallace, as a token of esteem and respect for the ad- 
mirable manner in which he conducted the G.P.O. phonetic class. 

MONTROSE. From i>. Webster.— I am glad to say that Pho- 
nographv is making pretty fair progress here. During the winter 
I have had two evening classes, which, though small, promise 
well, my pupils being remarkable neat writers. I have always 
observed that those who follow your instructions by usiug extreme 
care at the commencement of their practice, invariably turn out 
to be the best phonographers. 

Last May I started a monthly evercirculating magazine called 
the " Phonographic Mayflower '* among my pupils. This maga- 
sine has lately become so popular that in January I was obliged 
to throw off a second copy for circulation in Yorkshire alone. 
Since that time, owing to the continued influx of new members, 
I have been compelled to issue a third ; so that between attending 
to my two classes and keeping these three magazines in full swing 
my hands and spare time are pretty fully occupied with phono- 
graphic matters. 

READING. From Walter Henry Harding,-- On Wednesday 
evenin/r, March 3rd, a prize competition took place at the Rooms 
of the Young Men's Church of Enj^land Christian Association, 
open to all members, from a piece dictate, to bt^ written in full 
Corresponding Style, when Mr Norris took the first prize, and Mr 
Harding the second, both prizes being the New Testament in 
Phonography presented by Mr Davis. After this a competition 
took pkoe among the members of Mr Davis's class, the piece dic- 
tated to be written in the Learner's Style, when Mr East took the 
first prize, and Mr Hewlett the second. Thanks were given to 
Mr Davis for his kindness and liberality in giving the prizes. He 
has done a great deal within the last twelve months towards the 
spreading of Phonography among the members of the above 
Association. He is now starting on evercirculator for the benefit 
of his pupils. 

SOUTHAMPTON. From H Glasspool. —The class which I 
started at the Hartley Institution in June last is now doing very 
well. The number of pupils has increased, and the jr show a mod- 
erate degree of proficiency, considering the short space of time 
they have been learning. The pleasure which is derived from 
teaching it, and the inducement which it offers for expatiating on 
its special features are such that I would advise aU who have 
time to take up this art, to practice it well, and if they are at all 
enthusiastic, they must acknowledge and appreciate its beauties. 

Phonography and Correspondence, — The following remarks are 
extracted from an article entitled.'* Small Mercies," written by 
^ One who is thankful for small mercies," in the Saturday Journal, 
30 Jan. ** The objection to taking trouble at first is inveterately 
strong, or else there is a '* wrinkle *' for lightening labor in the long 
ran, and very greatly smoothing life, which would be general, in- 
stead of extremely rare. I mean the use of shorthand for purposes 
of correspondence. How manv things go unsaid in our ietterti for 
wuit oi time and strength — things which really ought to be said, 
I mean,— ^ tords of kindness or of guidance, or pleasant words 
which would bring a smiie Co the wan face . Now let it be noted 
thai shortllUid wriling is, at tbe lowest, from four to six times as 
rapid as common cursive writing, and con also be read more quickly 

by anyone practised in it ; and that it need not take anyone a de- 
gree of trouble worth speaking of to learn this useful art. Yet, 
out of a certain round, I do not know two persons to whom I can 
write shorthand ; and all I can say is that every correspondent of 
mine who cannot read shorthand loses by it ; for otherwise, I 
should rarely write a letter without a merry anecdote or two, or 
half a dozen, or a dozen." 


{ConeiMdBd from page 110.) 
The journal of Byrom remained undeciphered among 
collection in the old house in Quay Street and at Eersall Cell, until 
it was at length transcribed by Miss Bolger Mid presented to the 


Utietham ^ij^octety by JB-yrom's aescendant Jiiss Atherton, in 1864-6. 
it is full ot tbe entertaining qualities with whicb good diaries 
abound. Though made up chiefly of the doings of the writer and 
especially of that which concerned the advancement of his favorite 
art, it contains man^ graphic illustratioiis of society and manners. 
There are in it, besides, notices of the distinguished names which 
illumine the *' Augustan Age;" with many references to the 
politics and discussions of the day. The ,flQbe r statement of its 
editor Dr Parkinson was, that it was a treasure such as our piinted 

system^ _ 

succeed , he became a Fellow of tbe Royal Society ; and that event 
gave liim an introduction to the literary circles of the metropolis, 
as also to the Universities. He early came into contact with a 
rival professor, a Scotchman named James Weston, who published 
in 1727 a variation of Metcalfe's cumbrous method. In appear- 
ance the latter contrasted very unfavorably with Byro m* sne y^ ^ 
and regular sygtem ; but it was Weston's opinion t hat it mat - [ 
" ^red not how crooked or ugly the writing looked if it were but \ ' 
spcydy and legible ! He was continually ad vertising about Byrom's 
"Proposals,' decrying his method, and challenging its author to 
public disputations about it. Byrom q uietly ajasertej L-llie su-. 
of his system and disregarded nis rivid's ab^ a^^ Tiie 

penontx _ , , ,_. , 

followers 6i each method became interested in the quarrel ; auii 
the coffee-houses were the scenes of many hostile meetings, which 
are referred to at length in the Diary with considerable humcr. 

Th e reception of the method by those to whom the enthusiastic 
inven toFle xplained it was very heart y. Amongst* others JJr 

hterature can hardly paralle l. About the time that Byrom began 
to teach Ifcw his system, with the resolution that his aims should 

Bentley promised to further it. and forthwith **took in" an 
M.P. ior a subscnption^ Archbishop Sharp and his son " entend 
into the notion of it very readily ;" and Tom himself was ** very 
zealous." " Mr Pope was a subscriber to me.'* Mr Law the 
nonjuror and author of the "Serious Call," had nev j ar seen , 
go od a notion of Shorthand before . Others said that they would 
think ot It ; " which," said Byrom, " I took for nothing." The 
Diarist c arefully r ecords his in tercourse with _ ^ numerous pu- 
pils and their_g TOgress inlEel^ Some thought they could not 
earn ;^evco ula not con gfliiLi hat Shorthand could be writtei 

without arbitrary marks ; and others thought five giuneas a gn at 
'deal of money. While some decided to learn shorthand " at last," 
and others began "agwn," some tried it "once more." Theie 
were those who in learning were " so slow ;" others were "grtat 
dabs," and others again were impatient to write fast and get to 
the contractions. Dr Legh , the Vicar of Halifax, preaching from 
^rel ess shorthand notes was onc ej^ ^t in his sermon. " "He 
wrote wide enough ior a coach and six to drive in his roads," cad 
his Mend the inventor; who added in regard to his own sou 
Edward, that his handwriting on the contrary was like ''the 
Hanging Ditch after sermon, ". ^at isp crowded; foiLintb ose 
days there were often 700 communicants at "the greatcEiiich," 
as it seems to have been called after the erection of St Auu s« 
The nobility to whom Byrom taught his useful accomplishiueut 
gave him great trouble, and he found that they " required a deal 
of waiting on." A certain Duchess had a mind to learn but 
thought it would be taken notice of if a woman should learu ; it 
was however proposed to explain to her that it would be a &t;eret 
if she learnt ! Among the many famous men whom Byrom bad 
pupils was Sir Horace Walpole. He was taught along with 
rd ConM'ay botn ot whom became expert writers. The valua- 
ble historicarlStteis of the y6rmer nobleman were for th ft most 

transmit ted to the succeeding genei-ation by means of i|yrt m's 
Among other celeoracea pupus were the Eai 


ijIT of 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 



20 March, 1875. 

P p, B b J T t, D d ; G q, J i ; K k, G g : F f , Y r 

peep, Inb ; ^ttughf, deed ; chnrchjadoe ; ' ' ' 

eoket ff*9 ' /w» 

Hit, ad; Ss, Zfl; 

valve; breaM,bre«IAe; Msea, Bi«e; 

EJ, 3:^: Mm, Nn, 15Ji)! 

«Aip, mnte : anuM, noon, siii^ t 

Mo rton, Lord Cbaneellor Pratt, an d Ih -a IleadleVy and Kichard - 
ion"; and ol Manchester i»ea Dr li aiiley, JJr .De acon, and ttie 
TU^rJolnrQajton. Bylhflyear i;<i; Byrom himA^lf had xa^igHT 

5pwards.fif.200 jiersons ; and in 1 767 when the method was pub- 
liBEed, 84 writera oTit, moetly peraona of jifltfl, signed a recom- 

me ndation ofiE Among the number occurs the name of tke Rev. 

~" BTles \^e8tgjE. ^a complete maBter o<' the system, as we gather 

from t he Diary , a nd one who wrote it neatly and turned it to 
wunt. To hie J^ymo Book ISyronk was a contributor, and 

onee said toliim, " When you tell me you write not for tbe critic 
but for the Christian, it oecurs to ny mind that you might as well 
write for both, or in such a manner that the critic may by your 
writing be moved to turn Christian rather than the Chiistian turn 
critic,*' — a shrewd remark which though perhaps inapplicable to 
the Methodist Hymn Book as published, is well suited to some 
recently-imported hymns. In an age at clubs, Byrom, who often 
drew a humorous distinetion between ** shorthand folk " and 
** longhand men/' established a Stenographic Club. At the first 
meeting at the King's Arms, London, in 1729, tbe inventor 
delivered a speech on the antiquity of Shorthand ; and with some 
— / ee rem ony in a L»*tin formula *' erected" the brethren mto a Society. 
^jTO m Wto called Urand .Master, aud his sister Phcpbe was 
^ irand Mistress . Addresses in turn were deUvered by tbe mem* 

fei*s on shorthand matters ; and it was a mighty topic with them 
how best their system might be made public with due regard to 
the security of the author's rights. Byrom' s Journ al was largely 
devoted to their proceedings. It should, however, be said that 
he sometimes looked at things through stenographic spectacles ; 
as when, for example, he criticised sermons etc. by tbe rapidity of 
a speaker's utterance : some olerg^-men were ^^good dull preach - 

»r8** others were ** prodigious fast.*' 
He had, like Sidney Smith, great an ti pathy to discourses whic h 


^-^j" " - fi wereTead. comulaining that while the English clergy aade tEe 
heat ftermons. they preachftd them in tha w^rat irmrmftr. He 

^f^at fter^o ns^ they preached them in the worst mapner . He 
'ridiculed them ma dialogue in ihe LancasbiPe vernacular^ and 
^^expostulated with them in two humorous poems : 

What ia a tetvaw\ eood or bud. 

If a map reads it liSe a lad P 

■rt> hear some peopte when thej preachy 

How tbey run o'er oil partA ofs'peech 

And neitD«>r raise a word nor siok, 

Our learned Btsbops, one would think, 
1^ Had taken schoolboys from the rod 

To make ambaiisadDrs for God. 

Although Byrom wielded t he pen of aj * rea dy writ er," h» never 
/ see ms to have been a sw ift, caiiyra pHiaT -"lior. i nc^eftd^ ^k^ ^^ig 
' metliod as he left it^ alto^fther adaiHe dror ^erbat iin reporting 
|":iN«»w and then he made a resolve to practise much for nre~sake~bf 
.fcpeed. During the angry litigation consequent on the disputes 
between the Fellows of Trinity College and Dr Bentley, Hyrom 
who took the side of his old master often figured with his. •* Snort- 
hand tackle." But he was sometimes jealously watched. When 
once reporting ** ( )rator Hentey," satirised for tuning his voice 
and balancing his hands, Byrom was requested to desist \ and on 
refusal ** Mr Orator wont on so much faster than usual, that he 
took the only way to stop me." In the Stranger's gallery of the 
British Parliament, Shorthand was stringently prohibited, but 
even there Byrom, in 1728, dared to practise his art, writing 
Shorthand from Sir R. Walpole and other famous speakers, and 
had like to have been taken into custody. Three years later 
when being &\amined before a Parliamentary Committee on a 
Manchester Bill, he took notes of the proceedings. A member 
of Parliament thereupon threatened to complain. At the next 
meeting Byrom ventured to aseeit his right of reporting an open 
trial of so much interest to his fellow-townamen, but the same 
member against whom Byrom had raised a laugh, again called I 
him to order. The representative of ** the fourth estate " after- 
wards protested against the prohibition, saying that if those 
/ *^* attacks on the liberty of shorthand men went on, I must have a I 
/ petition from all counties where our disciples dwell, and Man- | 
Vs^jhester must lead them on." The impetus which Byrom' s method , 
/^gave to stenographic improvement tended in no sli^iht degree to ' 
f make pos&lbie the admission of reporters into the houses of legis- I 


The incident above narrated occurred in 1731, — a year which 
was famous in the annals of parliamentary reporting from the 
fact that the *' Oentleman's Magazine" was then begun under 
Edward Cave, who, by his influence with the door-keepers •f the 
houses, as Dr Johnson iniinuated, laid tbe foundfttion of our 
present system of parlianaentary reports. Cave, in spite of repeated 
denunciations and prosecutions, persevered in supplying as full 
parliamentary news as he eould; and in 17^9, when tbe circula- 
tion of the magazine was ten thousand, Dr Haitley inlbrmed 
Byrom inforo^d that *' the ' Gentleman's Magazine * would learn." 
meaning that its reporter would. Thi» was a man named Guthrie. 
He was the predecessor of Dr Johnson^ whoee method of dealing 
with the speeches of the numbers is well known. For many 
years indeed alter Johnson's time, the so-called speeches of mem- 
Ders were in a great n^easure composed by the reporters from the 
brief memoranda that they obtained by st eaiyiiLa^ defget ^e notes . 
I t la not said wnether Guthrie actualTyleamedTiyromVroetho3 ; 
b ut It M certain ibat a modi&t ation of this ste nogra phy was first 
BV&temaUcally used tor reporting the speeches in the llouse . This 
wja a system by a Utentry nonco nton nist mlmster, namecf Palm er^ 
whoae work, published m U /4 (7 years aAer Byrom s) is preijaced 
iroor MaccIt^Blield. A Manchester man, Thomas Molineux, who 
also was settled at tbe same town, further jjwpularised Byrom 's 
method by s even successive cheap ediSona m 17^3» 1798^ 1804 » 
"KI 3^1 8il7 1 823^ and 1825. 

'^n 1816, 18l^ 1823, and 1825 modifications of the system, 
quite as popula r, were issued by Longmans, Gawt res^ Kelly> 
a'mnNigltingale, and in 1834 by RolFe , a pupif^ Jili)lineux *s. 
Taylor's and Harding's systenis were" based on Byrom's^ and 
Pitman' s ^Pturn upon Taylor s. Nearly the whole of these 
authors Followed the very happy example of Byrom in giving to 
the irequeut letters m and n the two horizontal curves, and to I 
the upright stroke. This fundamental arrangement did very much 
to produce a practical method. The germs of the phonetic system 
might be found in Byrom's otiginal treatise ; and Lewy the h is«^ 
toriun of Shorthand, had justly saidjhat By rom's^ror kwasthe j 
/best introduction to the th wrj ^and^practice of the aHT 9r Pitman / 
[m his IListoryja d not given to Byromhy rightful place aa mayk- j 
p hg the beKJmng oFa new S hori fiana"epoch. but had assigned the 
Yost of honor to Taylor, (1786). The weU-known system called 
•* Phonography " which had in some respecta been eonneoted with 
this city, appeared in 1837. almost coeval with the penny post, 
and inaugurated another epoch. Mr Pitman, animated with 
Byrom's intelligent enthusiasm for the art, but with a greater re^ 
liauce upon the appreciation of the public, had by pra^worthy 
efforts succeeded in populvising shorthand by a system that wa# 
at once philosophical and practical ; and by so doing h^ bestowe4 
an incalcukble boon on the present generation. Thej«nae_oC 
Byrom oughtjiotJo_be_qveiIo^^ reviewiD^gJtheffitory of the 
grt; — 3trw e have^see n there was much in him to comipend as % 
man of high mor4_pHft^efJi» a PPgJLof no mean ajjilijy, «iu& 
aslin^iHerUlnlngDia^V ^*^ i* 

was ow ing~l o hia ingenuity"lHat a yal^bleinalrumeot-ha^ been 
given"tolho poUUcal, the iulelTectual, an^(it might be^dded; the 
rei rgiourinriTTinroftire pe op^. Ip/ifT' Ij^iH^ 

jfjord Brvhtim.— AhoMi dri wiks agor i past a fq dca at Panjage^r, 
wherj met Brerham; hi kern from Saterde lil Msude morni^), and 
from de our ov hia arjval tu d&t qv hii departqr, lu never sist loki{|, 
fle parti wox agriabel enxf— Lslrel, Rojera, ets.—bstit woi koaiika^ 
tu.s.i hou de later wos prevokt at Braham'a eogrtysiQ qI de tok, del 
hi kud not help liseniQ wid ple2^ur. Brvbam is sertcnli w«n ov de 
mfrst remarkabel men i everiuet; tu se nsJiQ ov w hut hi is in de 
wsrld, hiz olmost vildij geeti and animal spirits, biz i\mor mikst wid 
sarkazm, b^t nut il-netqrd, hiz Msnderful mtormr/on, and de fasiliti 
wid whig hi handelz everi s^bjekt, from de merst grev and serir tude 
moai trirtig, displeig a m^nd tul oy vend and ekstensiv inforoie/on, 
and a meraori whi^ haz s^vTered n«:lig tu eskep it, i never so eni man 
hmz konvorse/on imprest mi wid ssg an [dia ov hiz 6q,pirioriti over 
ol sderz. As Kojers »«d on de mornig ov hizdepartqr, *' clis mornia 
Sfflon, Likvress, Demoaiteniz, Arkiraidiz, Ser i-zuk Kqton, Lord 
€e8terfild, and a grct meni mor, went awe in warn pcjst/ca." — GrcvWz 

Digitized by 


20 March, 1875. 





W w. 


Hh. — Aa, 


Ee, 8e 





Aay. - pat. 


p<rt. age ; 

I i, L i : O O, O o ; Y », €F er ; U u, UJ Ul. 
pit, eat: pot, all; but, old; put, oos«. 

lojr, nev. 

3 Ash George. ftS Coleman ftreel, London, E.C. 
t Ayling Prank, Oak Dale farm, Ockley, Dorking, Satrey 

I Bonat^ Samuel, 3 Posa^tt utreet, Belfiist 

t Brovfli Charlet, 30 Chapelfield road, Ardmck, Manoheelter 
f- Bulmer J. P., « St Oswald street. Old Swaa, Liverpool 
3 Cane J. J,, 105 and 107 Buokiagham Palaee road, Pialioo, Londoa, 8. W, « 

I I CkeiAhani Walter, care of Itessers Diekina and Co., Wharf Street mill, 
■UeaCoa Norris, Stockport 

t 2 ColUson Heary^Sl King street, Kings Lynn, Norfolk 

1 Faroworth R. A.. 34 Churchill street, Evertoa road, Manchester 

1 2 Pox O. W^ Rassell street, Francis street west, Hull : clerk 

S Olanville 0. H^ L. and N. W. -railway. Telegraph depattmeiit» WMford 

1 Grant J. U^ 29 Rankine street, Johnstone, near Glasgow 

S Grieves W., Sonth ]^rade, Northallerton : insurance agent 

S Haine H. H., *4 High street. South Norwood, Sunoy : tailor 

8 Hamhly W. T,, 394 Park road, BiriMngham 

t ^ 1 Bibcocks Bedford Newbok, Royal hotel, Ramsgate 

1 Howard C M., 103 Grange lane, Birkenhead : civil serrioe oonunUsion 

2 Ings Samuel, 5 Darham street, Landpoit, Portsmouth 
t Jewkes B,, 113 Sakip street, Dudley 

« Jordan T. I , Nasoot ^reet, ^Watford, Herts. 

9 Marsden J. /,, 39 James street, Barrow-in-Furness: attorney's deii: 
1 McBlain James, 3 Clifton terrace, Antrim road, Belfast 

9 Murray Norman, Rnglish Scboolhouse, Caitoway, by Stomoway 

1 Oakley A., 109 Paddoek iane, Walsall ^ 

t 1 Porritt Norman, 11 Clare hHl, Haddersfield: medical ttsdoat 
t • 1 Proeser John, 8 Alexander street, Dundee, N.B. 
9 Rawshome j«n.. Brook villa, Hetton-le^Hoie, FoacO HcMues 
t Read ErUest, 247 CTapham road, London, S.W. 

3 Rudge W. B., Staford foundry, Stafford 

t 1 Scrimshire A. W., 90 Pershore street, BirminfhaM 
t * 1 Ward J. W., 41 fteod street, Colchester 

2 Woodhonae G. B., Lane ond, Holmfirth, near Huddersfleld: null hand 

AHrmtUnt qf Aidrt$t. 
Hadley D, T., f^m Walsall H Stafford street, Wednestmry 
Maaters Frank, /rom London to The Cheenuta, West Bnd, St Ivea» Hanta. 

LttUn ^f inptiry to (A« Editwr qf tki$ Journal, mutt aoniain m fooUge ttmmp 
or 0M udirotti fottemrd. B^etyf eommwmie^ition must be autkentieated iff 
iko «MM- mwdaddrernqfUkemriUrttuineottoarifyyorpuklioatiPUj 6«f as • 
gnanmtlee ^goodfaUh. 

Wanted, a few members to complete the list of the "Comet," an evercir- 
cwlatiag raagaaiae about to be started in the Corresponding and Reporting 
Btylea. Spare ^ges for riddles, eto. Annual subscription, &/. ; no entrance 
re*. Address. Mr C. Benham, Colchester. 

Want«d, a few good phonographers to join a new erefeiroalaior to he 
called the '^Amateur Rep6rter, whivh will be issned at once, a few names 
hating been received. The " Lectnrer " vnll be circulated with it. The 
macasine will be written in the briefest Reportin ; Style, and its contents 
will treat on the perfecting of its members in the art of reporting. Apply 
to Mr D. T. Hadley, Stafford street, Wednesbur^. Annual subscription, W., 
payable in advance ; ladies free, with a special mvitation to join. None bat 
good writers need apply. 

The CUrk.—Tben are vacancies on the postal list of this Irat-dass ever- 
tnroolntor. AH the shorthand magaaines are circulated at intervals, three of 
them regttlarly every month. Sohjeota for discussion are left ti) the discre- 
tion of the members. Annual subscription, 1/, payable in advance. Apply 
to Mr D. Blackburn, Mission hoos**, Lowestoft Alio, a new everoirontator 
for learners, to be written in the Learners* Style. All the shorthand raaga^ 
ranea eirenlnted at intervals. Will be started on the 1st of next month if ten 
namea can be obtained: ' Subscription, 6d, Address as above. 

Mr Alfred Bond, 57 Broad street, Pendleton, Manchester, wishes to Join 
•n erercireulatar written in the easy Reporting Style. It Must circnlata 
*h«^*rion§ magasines. A moderate subscription not objected to. 

The attention of phonographers, especially those desirous of getting 
thorongblr proficient in shorthand, is directed to the '< New Mutoal Benctt 
Evercirculatin^ Library," (to be started on the Slst of this month) which 
will eircnlato monthly all the shorthand periodicals, except the Pkonetio 
Journal. Half yearly subscription 1/ ; no other fees. Mr Edward Pearoe, 
16 Camden place, Bath. 

J. Harper, 5 Priory place, Ipswich, would like to correspond vrith some 
yoong gentleman ahont 21, in the Corresponding Style, for mutual improve* 

Q»rrec«#».-Page 110, /or • Hillard rtU f Hillard 

Man biig de anli kriti;p hir belor dez^nd fgr a serjabel 
lif, haz tiu fakifltiz tu diatig^wij hitn from ^der krititrz, 
diQkig and spikig ;— de wsn, tu fit him for de sersieti ov 
Tfderz ; and de «der, tu kwoiiQ him oltor fbr hiz ern. Az 
tu de leter ov diz fakvltiz dcr'z ner fir ov its gaderig rvst 

for wont ov qs* Wi ar rader apt tu spik tui mvq ; and de 
merst rezerrd hav rieon tu pre wid de Sumiet, Set a wog 
O Lord, hef&r mi moud, and kip de dvr ov mi lips. 

B^jt de former iz dAt whig jenerali Ijz fala and neglekted ; 
az me bi gest from de intemperet i^s or de rder. Ker ar 
fq, indid, dat ar hepahel cfv ^igkig tu eni (prtt p3rp08 ; b»t 
am^t) derz dat ar, der ar fi^er dat tmploi dis ekselent talent. 
And for ot J n^, houerer etrenj it me aim, am^g de in- 
jiniss and wel edqketed, der ar az fV^ ligkerz az amvi) de 
herd ov de vulgar and illiterct. For ider de liv a popular 
l^f ; and den whot for btznes, pte3Urz, kvmpani, vizitS) 
wid a WTjrld ov «der impertinensele, der'z skers rmm for ser 
xn^Q az a mornig reflekjon. Or els, de liv retjrd, and 
den ider de do« awe der tira in droueines and broun st^diz ; 
or, if brisk and iktiv, de le demselvz out hcrlli ypon de- 
vourii) buks and mekic) komon plesez $ and skers enterten 
der eoliti^d wid a meditejon, wvns in a muin. 

B^t 'tiz mirli for wont ov ligkig dat de kan alou detnielvi 
in duiig Bcr. For bj a lite! ov dis, de wud smn diskvver, 
dat ov o! de roelodz ov improivment dat kan bi nzd, der 
iz msTk 99 advantej^s az ligkig ; ider for our intelektiialz or 
our moralz ; tu mck 39 wjzer, or tu rack "Ss beter. And 
ferst, for our intelektiialz. 'Tiz de perfekjon ov our 
rafonal part tu n^; d&t iz, tu bi ebel tu frcm klir and dis- 
tigkt konsepjonz, tu form r^t JTjjments, and tu dro trm 
konsekwensez from wun ;fig tu an>5der. Nou besidz, dat 
de pouerz ov de mjnd ar med merr brjt, vigorss, and aktiv 
bi ii«, az ol 3der fuif^ltiz ar ; der iz dis f^rder advantcj, 
dat bi habitual tfigkig, de objekt iz mcd morr familjar tu 
de ^nderstandig ; de habiti^dz and rele/one ov idiae w^n 
tmirdz an«der, bj frikwent komperig, bek^jm morr vizibel 
and aperent ; and konsekwentli it wil bi mopr izi tu persiv 
dem, and ser tu divid whot ot tu bi divided, and tu ko(n- 
pound whot ot tu bi kompounded, wherin konsists de 83m 
ov whot belogz tu kontemplcjon and siens. 

RJdig iz indid veri ekselent and iit^ful tu dis p-srpos ; 
b^tligkig iz nesesari. Sis me dm widout de 3der, az 
apirz in de ferst inventerz ov Arts and Siensez ; hoi wer 
fen tu ^igk out der we tu de resesez ov trail ; b^t de vder 
kan never dm, widout dis. Ridig widout ligkig, me in- 
did mek a rig komon pies, bst it wil never mek a klir hed ; 
it me, indid brig in a gret stor ov Hil, bst 'tiz yet wid- 
out form and void, til ligkig, lik de seminal spirit, ajitets 
de ded Jcples l^mp, and wsrks it 3p intu fig^r and simetri. 

B^t ov whot advantej iigkig iz tu de advansment ov 
nolej, wil fsrder apir, bikonsiderig 83m ov degif impedi- 
ments ov it; and hou de ar reraoivd bj ligkig. And de 
ferst dat i Jal menjon izde prejudis ov infansi. Wi form 
in6nit raj J3Jment8 ov ;figz, befffr wi diili 3nder8tand eni- 
iig ; and diz grer 3p wid 38, tek rmt, spred and m«ltipli; 
til after log i^s and k38tom, wi mistek dem for komon ncr- 
Jonz and diktcts ov netqr; and den wi ligk it a krira tu 
go" about tu 3nlern or erediket dem. And az log az ^i 
stand d3S afektcd, wi ar kondemd tu erorz and perpetual 
wonderigz. Ser gret rizon had de ekselent De Kart 

{Des- Cartes) tu le de foundejoa ov hiz filospfi. ul aa 

Digitized by VJiDOyjlC 



20 March, 1875. 

ektripoiz or mind ; and tu mck de rerawval ov diz preja- 
disez de veri entrans and beginig ov wizdom. 

B^t nou when a man sets vpon a kerrs ov ligkig, niilii) 
wi) bi S9 obvi^s az tu konsider, dat sins wi kvm ser let tu 
de perfekt i\b ov our rizon j amvg daz meni jvjments wi 
liav med, it iz veri l^kli de mejor part ar fols and eroniirs. 
And dis iz a fcr step tu de Jckig of d^z infant preju- 
diaez ; at list hi wil bi derbj indq,Bt not tu beliv eni^ig, 
for dis rizon, bekoz hi had ^iven it svq erli entertenment. 
From dis jeneral reflekjon hi prersidz tu ekzamin de ligz 
demselvz. And nou hi iz a kepabel ji$j, kan hir berl s^dz 
wid an indiferent ir, iz determind ornli bj de moments ov 
trail ; and scr retrakts hiz past erorz, and haz de beat 
moral seki^riti agenst eni for de fiitqr. 

Ansder gret hindrans tu nolej iz de rog persepjon ov 
5)gz. When de simpel jdiaz ov our m^ndz ar konfi^zd, 
our J7Jraents kan never prorsid widout eror. It iz Ijk a 
folt in de ferst konkokjon, whig iz never korekted in ider 
ov de 3der. For hou kan ij^rj wheder de atribi^t agri tu 
de subjekt, if mj ncr/on ov hoi bi konfi^zd and obskqr P 
Bst nou, de €mli koz ov de konfi^zednes or our nerjonz, 
nekst tu de natural inabiliti ov our faksltiz, iz wont ov 
atenjon and kl9i aplikejou ov m^nd. Wi dernt dwel ensf 
vpon de objekt ; bvt spekiilet it tranjentli and in best ; 
and den, nor winder dat wi Jconsiv it b; havz. £.igkig 
derfoT iz a proper remedi for dis defekt olser. 

Anvder gret hindrans tu nolej iz ambigiiiti ov termz 
and frezez. <Iis haz bred a wvrld ov konfqgon and mis- 
vnderstandig, espejali in kontreversiz ov relijon ; a gret 
meni ov whig if dvrerli sifted and wel komperd, wil bi found 
tu bi mir verbal kontenjonz. Az me apir from whot de 
ekselent M. Le Blaq haz performd in dis k^nd. B^t 
nou, dis iz €rig mirli tu wont ov ligkig. Ker iz a latiti^d 
in de frez ; and wvn r{ter not s^fijentli atendig tu d4t 
dcterminet sens ov it whiq hiz adversari intendz, veri 
heslili and fq,rivsli den^z whot de ^der dvz not aferm ; 
and hi agen az fq^rivsli afermz whot dis dvz not den^. Sor 
dat de ar riali agrid ol alog, and yet Qt on l^k fmlz in de 
dark. And der iz nor h^ps de wil ever bi rekons^ld, til 
ider de wil tek de penz tu ligk demselvz, or s^mbodi ele 
wil wil bi BfT kind az tu ligk for 'em. 

Ansder gret hindrans tu nolej, iz an erver-fond and 
sqperstijvs deferens tu oloriti, espejali d4t ov antikwiti. 
SLer iz nsifig dat kramps de parts, and feterz de 3nder- 
standigz ov men l^k dis stret lest i^mor. Men ar rezolvd 
never tu out-Jmt der forrfederz' nark ; b^t rjt w^n after 
anvder, and ser de dans gez round in a serkel ; out ov 
whig, if 85m had not de borldnes and kvrej tu venti^r, de 
wsrid wud never bi de w^zer for biig crlder. Se skml- 
men ar a gret instans ov dis, men ov siggqlar abilitiz, and 
Jarp vnderstandigz, kepabel ov de h^est impruivments, 
and ov penetretig intu de dipest resesez ov trmtt, had de 
b3t de poucr ov mekig a fri \\a ov der lots. Bst sor bound 
«p tu oloritiz, and sor devoted tu de prinsipelz ov a filo- 
Bofi, huiz foundejon iz led in de fols and konfqzd idiaz ov 
sens, dat der advansments in liori and s^ens, wer not 
anserabel tu de kapasiti whig de wer endqd wid, de legur 
whig de enjoid, and de indefatigabel dilijens whig de i^zd. 

And ol bekoz ov de gret disadvantej de lebord 7nder, in 
biig konQnd widin de serkel ov oloriti, tu whig, iven in 
dis fri ej, svm hav stil ser servil a regard, dat de wud reder 
Imz trml, dan gff out ov de rerd tu fjnd it. 3!is ols9 meks 
men vderw^z sensful and injinivs, kwert svg ligz meni tiraz 
out ov an erld d^l olor, and wid a pekuliar emfasis ov kom- 
ende/on tm, az wud never pas iven in ordinari konvere- 
ejon ; and whig de demselvz wud never hav tuk notis ov, 
had not svg an olor sed it. Bvt nou, ner smner d3Z a 
man giv himself liv tu ligk, b^t hi persivz hou absurd 
and vnrizonabel 'tiz, dat w^n man Jud preskr^b tu ol 
posteriti ;— dat men, l^k bists, Jud fola de farmerst ov de 
herd ; and dat venerabel nonsens Jud bi preferd beferr 
nq-sens. Bi konsiderz dat d4t whig wi kol antikwiti iz 
properli de nonej ov de wvrld ; dat de sejest ov hiz oloritiz 
wer W3ns nq ; and dat der iz nor vder diferens betwin an 
enjent olor and himself, bvt 'tiz <rali dat ov t^m ; whig, 
if ov eni advantej, *tiz reder on hiz sjd, az livii^ in a merr 
reQnd and matqr ej ov de wi^rld. And dss havig kaat of 
dis intelekti^al sleveri, l^k W7n ovde brev 'EicXcicrdro}, men- 
Jond bj Laerji38, hi adikts himself tu ner olor, sekt or 
parti ; but frili piks ^p trail wherever hi kan Qnd it j puts 
tu si vpon hiz an botom, hcrldz de stem hhnself; and nou, 
if ever, wi me ekspekt nq disk^veriz. 

3er ar 7der nertabel impediments tu de impraivment 
ov nolej, ssg az pajon, interest, fir ov biig takst wid in- 
konstansi, skorn ov biig informd bi an^der, envi, de qmor 
ov kontradikjon, and svmtimz flateri in aplodig everilig wi 
hir, and de lik. Nou az tu de maner hou ol diz ar remmvd 
bi ligkig. it me svQz tu se in jeneral, dat de ar ol obvi^sli 
absurd and ridikql^s, and houever 3nligkig men me bi 
abqzd bi dem, y^t a fri and klcrs ligker m^st nidz kwikU 
porsiv dat de ar ser : and der iz ner beter moral we dat i 
n6 ov tu bi kwit ov il habits, dan de biig konvinst ov der 
foli and misgef. 

B^t de gretest advantej ov ligkig iz yet behind, dat it 
imprmvz our Moralz az wel az our intelektqalz, and servs 
tu mek 78 beter az wel az wizer. 3is iz in a gret megur 
inklmded in de ^der. Ol derforr dat i Jal fsrder remark 
konsernig it iz dis, dat konsiderig de gret influens de un- 
derstand ig haz vpon de wil, der ar bst tth ligz dat ar hi^- 
manli nesesari '(for i eksklmd not de gres ov God, der i hav 
nor okejon hir tu konsider it) tu regqlet our behevior, and 
tu prezerv 3S in our dqti. Ferst an habitqal liori ov whot 
wi ot and ot not tu dm ; and ov ol de metivz and engej- 
ments tu de wsn and tu de -sder. Sekondli, an aktqal 
and klir prezens ov ol dis tu de mind, in everi instant or 
akjon. And dis iz for de merst part de ligkig man'z kon- 
dijon. Hi dsz not ernii habitqali n^, b^t aktqali atends 
bol tu hiz dqti, and tu ol de engejments for its performans. 
Hi haz dcrz konsiderejonz olmerst olwez prezent wid him, 
whig tu sderz ar de prinsipelz ov repentans ; and dis kips 
him in hiz dqti, whig brigz "sderz tu it ; and meks him liv 
lik dcrz'riti^s personz, ov hmm our Sevior sez, dat de nid 
nor repentans. — Bev, Jon Naris, Rekt4)r ov Bemerton, nir 
Servm, 1706. 

Wi Jud Mr liv dat nvn wil beliv &az hm spik il ot vi. 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 

20 March, 1875. 




From " Ereninga at Homa, in Words of One Syllabla/* bj permiMion 
ct M«««n CMsell, Fetter, and Oalpin. Price U. 6d. 

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('Tb &0 continued.J 

Digitized by 





20 Marcli, 1875. 



ETentM were tbe days and bonrs that succeeded Sir John 

X, k^; . A- .) . V ^ ...I .. -U 

BeauTurt's departure; but less easy tbe part Eleanor bad undertaken 
to play tban bad been expected. In those days tapestry chambers I 

-^ 'y ^' ' ^" -Ti, -^ ^ a 1. \ 

were strangely supplied with human ears, and tbe priest Luigi had 

overheard the first part of her discourse with her father ; that which 

I related to her abjuration of the Romish faith. Happily, all that 

1 * 

■ concerned Sir John's own purposes was spoken too far away, 
I and in too low a tone for bim to sumiise even tbe sulgoct of their 
couTersstion ; but he determined to watch the renegade with a jealous 

/. ^ o .-^ >» S, --• ^. (y ' ^.-^ 

I e} e, and since she had not confided to bun her change of belief, 

I ^ ^^- V V -^ 1 =< 
to seem for the present ignorant of it. 

Notwithstanding Father Luigi's troublesome vigilance, Eleanor succeeded ' 

j in sending her father three or fonr letters of useful intelligence 

during about as many weeks. Once a messenger brought her, 

as a gift from a distant cousin, a pair of .embroidered gloves, and t 

she noted that her initials were worked in tbe inside with orange 

jolored silk. This was a trusty hand by which to write to her father. 

^. • % 


ys A \^ 


Again, a pretended author brought her eome translations from 

\y_/ ^ ^^\, . V. ) n ' 

Petrarch, and sued for her patrouage; the packet was sealed with ' 

orange cuk>red wax. And lastly, a bird fancier sought admission, 

to her presence, showed curious tricks with a parrot and « canary, 

I ^ o'---^ _.^ L~ N 'S L:> ^ J \ 

but commended a certain carrier dove to ber attention. She | 

^ . Vs, "s ^ 9s A ) ^ ^ C I 

bought tbe bird, for a slender orange ribbon was bidden to every other; 

^ -N^c v.; r V "^ ^ ^' ' ! 

eye by its thick feathers ; only as she smoothed its plumage with j 

s '^ Vi>. y ^ . ,/" ^ v^ L c^ I 

her soft lingers, she found the little loop beneath ita wings j 

/ / M- 1 "^ ^^ " ! 

which suggested it was ready to do her bidding. 

y b . V V ^ /^, s I . v-r, 

I ! 

She took the bird to her chamber, led it hot sparingly, | 

'"^ \ <r • rT c^, \ -^ > r^<^ 

confined it still a little longer, and then secured to tbe strong wing 

• /^ - ' J ^ ^ u ^ ^ C. '^ 

a letter fraught with tidings of now defections from tbe hated Stuart. 
But the priest Luigi had marked the flight of tbe carrier pigeon from 

ts ^-> 1. -^ ^ ,^ V ; v^^ 

Eleanor's window, had rushed for a fowling piece with which to bring 

1 4- " "^ I ^ ' S' • \ '^"^ 

it down, but, ere he could load and fire, the faiililul, home-sick 

V , ...L ^ (> -^^ ^ , ^ M ^ • 

bird, had finished its imcertain wheeling, and darted like a ' 
living arrow towards the west. 

Digitized by V^n 


20 March, 1875. 



{Key on page 129) 

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(Key on page 129) 

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20 March, 1875 



{K0y to Corresponding Stjfle^ page 116.) 
A bad man thwarted in his plans always becomes yindictiTe. 
The priest Luigi soon ascertained that the bird had been a recent 
pnrohase ; this fact only confirmed his suspicions, for, without 
some ulterior object, it seemed little likely that Eleanor would 
give liberty to a newly -obtained pet. He demanded to see her 
— ^taxed her with her apostacy — questioned her whether it were 
really true that at this strange crisis her father hadjourney€>d into 
Yorkshire on his own affairs — and finding that his relationship and 
his priestly character failed to bend her to his wishes, dared to use 
the weapon of teiror. Little he estimated the character with 
which he had to contend. His threats only neryed Eleanor 
Beaufort to greater fortitude, and there was a dignity in the dan- 
ger that beset her which was not without its influence. Many of 
us, I believe, who fret and fume at petty ignoble ills, have the 
capability of enduring bravely and silently in a great good cause. 
Eleanor refhsed to deny or confess anything ; she was the most 
obstinate and unmanageable of opponents ; but after threatening 
much, the Jesuit felt that it would be like an admission of weak- 
ness to do nothing. Moreover, in proportion as power seemed 
ebbing away from him, he clutched the tighter at the little which 
remained ; and so, by the influence of the Italian Queen, he con- 
trived to have Eleanor arrested on the charge of suspected treason. 
A shock, a qmver of agony, rushed t-hrough her mind as the 
realisation of personal lK>ndage first dawned upon her. To be 
debarred of sweet liberty, that human birthright, it seemed at first 
too terrible ; but a wiser mood supervened : she saw that to chafe 
against her bars was but to wound herself with them, she resolved 
bravely to endure, and entered her appointed dungeon with " a 
firm lip and an unmoistened eye." Besides, there were a hundred 
tokens from which she drew comfort and reliance ; she felt that 
the little remaining power of tiie Stuart was crumbling away like 
the mortar of a falfing house. Surely preparations for flight were 
})rivalely making by the royal family, or her senses had strangely 
deceived her ! Even her jailors seemed to guard her carelessly, 
as if the last angry fiat of a falling court were too feeble a thing 
to be implicitly regarded. 

Thus it came to pass that Mistress Patience Donnington, the 
jailor's sprightly wife, played the part of tirewoman, humble 
friend, and merry gossip, to the youthful prisoner, and even con- 
fided to her that the IMncess Anne and a great court-lady were 
Eleanor's Mends, though they dared not show themselves openly 
as such. They had commissioned Patience and her husband to 
treat their prisoner with all gentleness and indulgence, and once 
the good dame was the bearer to Eleanor of a strip of paper, on 
which were written words thai never met another eye — words 
that assured her that she was guarded from evil by one who 
would die to protect her. The handwriting was the same as that 
which had translated Petrarch ; the signature, '* H. M.," the 
same ; and full well Eleanor knew that translator, and glove-bearer, 
and bird-seller were one, though under strange ingenious disguises. 
Is there wonder that in her lonely prison-hours the young maiden 
dreamed of the noble countenance, which, belonging evidently to 
some trusted fnend of her father, had adopted quaint disguises to 
deceive others, but had ever beamed on her with most respectful 

{Kog to BfporHng at$U,page 128.) 

What is that which is truly the '* ^ood '' of a man F A worldly- 
minded manmi^ht say that wealth, mfluence, power, and pleasure 
are the best things a man could have. But if the possession of 
these made a man careless, indifferent, negligent of the higher 
interests of his soul, they would be the worst things that he could 
have. Too many, alas, set time against eternity, and choose time ; 
balance wordly pleasures against eternal happiness, and prefer 
worldly pleasures. Men like themselves may deem them wise ; 
but what do the angels think ? What does the Lord say about 
such a choice ? << What ehall it profit a man, if he shall gain the 
whole world, and lose his own soul P" {Mark viji. 36.) The 
apostle is speaking of that which is the highest * good," the real, 
the best interest of man. This is, peace in the conscience, con- 
tentment in the heart whether with little or much, perfeet trust 
in the love and mercy of God, the precious blessing of a soul full 
of quiet joy springing firom a deep and abiding love, — these things 

while we live here, and hereafter endless happiness. To gain 
these would be for the man to gain good. It would be to secure 
the possession of good here, which would fit the soul to receive 
greater good hereafter. To those who truly love God, all things 
that happen to them will thus work together for their good. This 
is the promise. 

Trouble may come to us ; but if we love God and go on loving 
Him, trouble will purify our souls. It will show us our errors, 
that we may shun them. It will reveal to us our littleness and 
our weakness, to make us humble. It wiU discover to us our sins, 
that we may repent of them. 

Prosperity may come to us ; but, if we continue in the love of 
God, it will help us to be more useful servants of Christ. We 
shall be enabled to possess our riches without pride ; to gratify 
our innocent tastes and yet not fix our affections on things below ; 
to be charitable without ostentation ; to exercise an influence for 
good, and yet to be humble before God ; to remember that the 
earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof, and that we are stew- 
ards who will have to ^ve an account of our stewardship. The 
spiritual dangers of afliiction are manifold ; the spiritual dangers 
of riches mamfold more. But to him who loves God, both afliic- 
tion and prosperity shall promote his real and everlasting good. 

From " Words in Season," 40 short Sermons and 40 Prajers, hj the Rer. 
Henry B.Browninjc, M. A.. Rector of St George, Stamford ; 1/6 ; extra doth 2/, 
bj permission of the pabhsher, F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster row, London.] 

Sir Josiah Mason, the benevolent founder of the Erdington Or- 
phanage, celebrated his 80th birthday on the 28rd February, by 
laying the foundation stone of a new scientifie college at Birming- 
ham, endowed b^ himself, for the benefit of the town and 
surrounding district. The leading features of the scheme, as con- 
tained in the foundation deed, comprise courses of instruction in 
mathematics, abstruse and applied ; physics, both mathematical 
and experimental ; chymistry, theoretical, practical, and applied ; 
the natural sciences, especially geology and mineralogy, wiUi their 
application to mines and metallurgy ; botany and geology, with 
special applications to manufactures : physiologv, with special re- 
ference to the laws of health ; and the English, French, and 
German languages. The course of study may also, in the discre- 
tion of the trustees, include such other subjects of instruction as 
will conduce to a sound practical knowledge of scientific subjects, 
excluding mere literary education. It is provided that popular or 
unsystematic instruction may be given mtuitously or by fees in 
the discretion of the trustees, and shall be open to all persons 
without distinction of age, class, creed, race, or sex. Theology 
and theological or religious subjects are absolutely excluded horn 
the curriculum. In the selection of students, a first preference is 
to be given to those who have been inmates of Sir Josiah Mason's 
Orphanage at Erdington, near Birmingham, but this preference 
is to cease when and so long as the Orphanage students constitute 
one-fifth of the total number of regular students. A second pre- 
ference is to be given to candidates bom within the boroughs of 
Birmingham and Kidderminster — Sir Josiah Mason is a Kidder- 
minster man by birth — in the proportion of two Birmingham 
students to one from Kidderminster, and no one is to be admitted 
to the College who is not wholly or principally dependent for a 
livelihood upon his own skill and labor. As soon as the income 
of the institution will allow, provision is to be made for the edu- 
cation of females. Students must be between the ages of 14 and 
25, and must pass 'such preliminary examination as the trustees 
may direct In exceptional cases, students above 25 years of age 
will be admitted ; but these must not exceed the proportion of 
one to ten. 

Whot ar drimz P A lerned investigeter def^nz drimz 
az d4t kondiJoQ ov slip when ol, or nirli ol, kontrerl cnrer 
de bodili organz \z los b^t in whig der \z perfekt aktiviti 
ov de mental organz. 3!e bren akts in ent^r independens 
ov eni relejon ta de ?der perrjon ov de hitman sistem, bst 
iz redili inflnenst bi serten kondijonz ov de ^der parts. 
Hekspir'z idia ov a t3Q ov lips indiisig a drim ov kisez. 

Digitized by VnOO^ \SC 



20 March, 1875. 

Pp. Bb; Tt, Dd; Gq, Jj; K k, 

peep, bib; Imnght, deed; eharek 




Ff, Vv; El, ad; Ss, Zz', XJ. Sg: Mm, JS' n, liJi): 

/ear, vtXve ; brea^.V, brea^Ae ; «auce, siice ; thxp, asare : aiaiaiy noon, tui^ t 

and ov de strldier'z itrort a drim 07 k^t^rets, iz in strikt 
akordans wid do trail ov 8ienti6k eksperiments. 

A jentclman apl^d botelz ov hot woter tu hiz fit, and 
drjmd hJ woz mekig a j^rni tu Mount Etna and found de 
hit ins^ferabel. Dr Eid, havig had a blister apljd tu hiz 
hed, drimd dat hi woz skalpt bi a parti ov Indianz. A 
person hraz niz wer eksperzd in bed, drimd ov travelig in 
veri kerld weder. Siz ar kiiri^s fakts, b^t de lid 38 tu 
dir)k dat whil a drim iz entjrli a mental akjon wid de 
fizikal ncti^r ol dormant, (az far az de person iz konsernd,) 
dat it kan bi redili influenst Iroi fizikal ejensiz. Man'z 
imajinefon iz olwcz emploid. Whil hi iz awek and in 
helJ die pouer kanot m^q deluid him. It me bild " kaselz 
in de er,** and rcz a louzand fantomz beferr him, b«t hi 
Laz everiw^n ov de sensez tu her testimoni tu its folshud ; 
— rizon at w^ns givz j-^jraent Tjpon de koz, and imajincjon 
iz imprizond. In slip it iz veri diferent ; de imajincjon 
iz den left tu ram at larj and lid de 3nder8tan lig widout 
an operzer. Ereri ink^rsiv idia bekumz a rialiti, and de 
mind not havirj W3n pouer dat kan pruiv de ilmson, teks 
dem for troidz. 

ae morst komplit stvdi ov de netiir and aJcfon ov drimz 
woz med in de yir 1821. A fimel, cjed 26, had lost a pcrr- 
Jon ov her skalp. sk^l-bern, and outer merabren ov de bren, 
diirig an at6k ov a malignant disiz, and her bren wozeks- 
p fzd tu do {. It woz found dat when in a drimles kon- 
dijon. or perfekt slip, her bren woz merjonles and le widin 
de kreniura. When slip woz not ser perfekt, and Ji woz 
in drimz, de bren mmvd and prertruided from its pies, and 
dis praparjon inkrist in prorpo-rjon az de drim (az after- 
wardz releted bi herself) woz ov a merr eksitig and 
important karakter. Sis ekzaminejon, at de tim, okesond 
msQ interest, and woz regarded az komplit in its rezslts. 

A FrenQ riter sez, *' If wi wud hav plezant drimz bi 
nit, wi m^st perform hali akjonz bi de." Ov drimz it iz 
a veri komon lig tu hir it sed, " Tiz ernli a drim I it iz not 
W3r5 a sekond lot." Ser ar, houever, b^t fq, personz hui, 
havig riqt de yirz ov mati^riti, bav not bin at s^m piriod 
ov der l^vz dipli imprest bi drimz. In cnjent timz drimz 
wer lukt 3pon az divin revelejonz ; and scj m3Q importans 
woz set 3pon de interpretejonz ov dem, dat it woz konsid- 
erd a lerned and respektabcl prafejontu bi an Interpreter. 

A Bibel rider kanot fel tu disk^ver dejkri£tyraLiH 
ov dis 83bjekt whic pervedz bed de aid and Ng. Testa- 
ments. Wi rid in JenesU dat " God kem tu Abimelek in 
ajrim b^nit and sed tu him, Behald, dou art bst a ded 
man, for de wuman wbiq dou bast tcken ; for Ji iz a man'z 
wif." Se drim ov Jekob iz a delitful lim. tte drim ov 
Jffzef woz ov 83<3 importans dat hi kud not rest 3ntil hi 
h^Tteld dem, x\9 hiz bredren beted him for de veri lig. 
Agen, de drimz ov Ferer, kig ov Ljipt, and ov hiz qif heke r 
and qifb3tler , and der wonderful interpretejonz, hav Juirli 
inviCed our atenjon tu de importans ov drimz. ffcr ar 
olse de wonderful ^rimz ov Nebukadnezar , kig ov Babi- 
on, and az hi drimd, de Skriptnr telz 38, "ol diz ligz 
kem 3pon'de kig." 

Pasig on tu de Ni| Testament, wi Qnd dat Jerzef nq, in 
a drim de nem ov de herli cjld Jiz38 ssmtim beferr hiz 
berl ; and it woz gnli in drim z dat Jorzef resivd direkjon 
tu sev de ysg cild'z Ij f. "It iz olsor W3rdi ov nt^tis dat J3st 
beferr our Sevier'z kruisifikjon, when Pilet woz sat doun 
on de J3Jment sit, hiz wjf sent 3nt u_hiDa»_aeig. " Hav dou 
n3iig tu dui wid dat j«st man ; for i hav s^ferd meni ligz 
in a drim bekoz ov him." 338 wi si from Skriptqr dat 
God meks nan Hiz wil and p3rp08ez . HorJfanjrijBjjjffj^ 
flat ^jz ligz hav past awe . When Sbraliam Ligkon woz 

*rezident ov de linited Stets ov Amerika, 83mtim beferr 

liz asasinejon hi had a veri remarkabel drim. aiz ar hiz 
/en W3rdz :^— ** About ten dez age i retird W3n nit kwit 
{let. ^ had bin 3p welii) for important despagez from de 
frsnt, and kud not hav bin log in bed befer i fel intu a 
slumber, — fori ^'^^ ^^" ^nu Dgrig mi sl3mberi began 
;u drim. ^ Jot dat der woz gret stilnes about mi, and i 
[herd wipig. ^ lot dat i got 3p and went dounsterz, de 
lem stilnes woz der. Az i went from rmm tu rmm i herd 
mernig and wipig ; at leg! i kem tu de end rmm, whiq i 
^enterd, and der befer mi woz a magnifisent deis, bst it 
woz a korps. Hir der wer sentriz and a kroud ov pipel. 
'i aed tu W3n or de scrldicrz, ' Hui iz ded in de Whit Hous P* 
)Hi anserd, * Se Prezident* * Hou did hi di ?' i askt. 
* Bi de hand ov an asasin,' woz de repli. Sen i herd a gret 
rwelig ol erver de hous, and it woz se loud dat it simd tu 
wek mi. ^ awak m3g deprest and slept ner merr di^rig 
vde nit. S3Q woz mi drim." On de nit ov de fetal 141 ov 

)pril, 1865, hi woz asasineted bi Jon Wilks Bmd. 
[clis peper iz ekstraktcd from a ni^ magazin, sDpqst, p^blijt at 

[el, Eornwol. Az a s^tabel pendant tu it, wi ad dc tdi biitiful pe- 
rz on drimx riten b[Birom, men/ond in our last Nr. pej 109. — SdJ^ 


Fride, 116 Og^st, 1714. 

— Quffi in vita usurpant bomines, cogitant, curant, vident, quseque 
agunt vigilantes, agitantque, ea cuiquo in somno accidunt. — Cic de 

Sq 5ir|z whiq emploi men'z wekig 5ots and ak/onz rokvr tu der 
imajinejonz in slip. 

Bi de last perst i resivd de folerig leter, whig iz bilt 3pon 
a 5ot dat iz nq,, and veri wel karid on ; for whig rizonz i 
Jal giv it tu de p3blik widout olterejon, adijon, or amend- 
ment : — 

*• Ser, — It woz a gud pis ov advis whig Pi^fagoras gev tu 
hiz skolarz — dat everi nit beftrr de slept de Jud ekzamin 
whot de had bin dmig d^t de, and ser di8k3ver ¥< hot akjonz 
wer W3rdi ov psrsi^t tu-morcr, and whot litel visez wer tu 
bi prevented from slipig 3nawerz intu a habit. If i mit 
sekond de filosofer'z advis, it Ju d bi min, dat in a morn ig 
beft rr miskolar rerzLi Jud konsider whot hi had.bin about 
d ^njt, and wid de sem striktncs az if de kondifon hi haz 
beiivd himself tu bi in woz rial. Svq a skruitini intu de 
akjonz ov hiz tansi m3st bi ov konsiderabel advantej ; for 
dis rizon, bekoz de serk3m8tansez whig a man imajinz 
himself in di^rig slip ar jenerali 83Q az entirli fevor hiz 
inklinejonz, gud or bad, and giv him imajinari oportx^nitiz 

Digitized by VnOO^ Ik 

20 March, 1875. 



LI, Rr: W w, Yy, Hh.— Aa, B.R; Ee,.8c; li, Li: Oo, (Do; 

lull, romri vaj* jre*, h%y, — pat, alms; pet, age; pit, «at: pot, all; 

"5^ 3, CJ er; U u, UJ m. 

hut, .old; put, ooze. 

mjr, n«w. 

ov p^rsiiii) dem tu de «tm^st: Ber dat liiz temper wil Ij 
ferli erpeu tu hiz vq,, wb[l bi konsiderz hou it iz muivd 
r hea fri from d<fz konatrents whig de aksidents ov rial 

l^ Fput it gnder . Drimz ar sertenli de rez^lt ov our wekig 
dots, and our deli haps and firz ar whot giv de m^nd Bzq 
nimbel relijez ov ple5ur, and s^q sevir tvqez ov pen, in 
its inidnit rambelz. A man dat m^rderz biz enemi, or 
dez^rts biz frend, in a drim. bad nid tu gard biz temper 
agenst revenj and ingratittid, and tek iiid dat bi bi not 
tempted tu dui a v^l ^ig in de pyrdq,t ov Ms, or de neglekt 
ov trra onor. For mj part, i seldom resiv a benefit, b^t 
in a njt or toi'z t^m i mck racrst nabel ret^rnz for it ; whiq, 
de mi benefaktor iz not a wbit de beter for, yet it plizez 
mi tu digk dat it woz from a prinsipel ov gratitqd in mi 
dat mj mjud woz s-sseptibel ov b^q jener^s transport wb^l 
I dot myself repcig de k^ndnes ov mj frend : and [ bav ofen 
bin redi tu beg pardon, insted ov ret^rnig an injuri, after 
konsiderig dat wben de ofender woz in mj pouer i bad 
karid mj rezentments m«Q tm far. 

" ^ digk it baz bin obzervd, in de kers ov i^r peperz, 
hou m'sq w^n'z hapines or mizeri mc depend «pon de 
imajinejon : ov wbiq trmf derz strenj w^rkigz ov fanai 
in slip ar ner inkonsiderabel instanscz ; ser dat not ornli de 
advantej a man baz ov mekig disksyeriz ov bimself, b»ta 
regard tu biz crn iz or diskwjct, me indqs him tu aksept 
ov mi advis. S»q az ar wilig tu kompli wid it, i Jal put intu 
a we ov duiig it wid plej5ur, bi obzervig ernli w^n maksim 
wbiQ i Jal giv dera. nemli, * Tu gg tu bed wid a mind en- 
tjrli fri from pajon, and a bodi klir ov de list intern perans.' 

' cle, indid, hoi kan sigk intu slip wid der lots les kam 
or inosent dan de Jud bi, dui bvt plvnj demselvz intu sinz 
oVgilt and mizeri , or de bm ar wilig tu psrqes eni mid- 
nit diskwietqdz for de satisfak/on ov a ful mil, or a skin 
ful ov win ; diz i bav nsiig tu se tu, az not ncrig bou tu 
invit dem tu reflekjonz ful ov Jem and horor : bst dcfz dat 
"wil obzerv dis rml, i prorais dem de Jal awek intu hell and 
girftilnes, and bi kcpabel ov rekountig wid delit dopz glor- 
rius merments, wbcrin de mind baz biff indbljig itself in 
Bsq l^ksi^ri ov dot, S8q nerbel h^ri ov imajinejon. S^pez 
a man'z garig s^^perles tu bed Jud intre-dqs bim tu de tebcl 
ov s^ra gret prins or uder, wber bi Jal bi entertend widde 
neblcst marks ov onor and plenti, and dui sor msq biznes 
after, dat bi Jal riz wid az gud a st-smak tu biz brekfast 
az if hi bad fasted ol nit log : or s^perz bi Jud si biz direst 
fVendz reman ol nit in gret distresez, whig bi Jud instantli 
bav disengejd dem from, kud bi bav bin kontent tu hav 
gon tu bed widout de ^der botel; beliv mi diz efekts ov 
fans! ar nor kontemptibel konsekwensez ov komandig or 
indsljig w^n*z apetit." 

" i forbcr rekomendig mi advis ^pon meni 3der akountp, 
until i bir bou \\ and qr riderz relij wbot i hav olredi sed ; 
amisg bmm, if der bi eni dat me pretend it iz qsles tu dem, 
bekoz de never drim at ol, der me bi sderz perhaps hui 
diu litel els ol de log. Wer everiwTsn az sensibel az i am 
nbot bapenz tu bim in biz slip, it wud bi nor dispqt wlie- 
der ni pas ecr konsidcrabel a porrjon ov our tim iu de 

kondijon ov stoks and sternz, or wbeder de sol woz not 
perpetqali at w^rk spon de prinsipel ov dot. Houever, 
it iz an onest endevor ov min tu perswcd mi k^ntrimen tu 
rip 8«m advantcj from ser meni unregarded ourz, and az 
S3Q H wil enk^rej it. 

" (£ Jal konkluid wid givig i^ a skeq or ttu ov mi we or 

" If i bav eni biznes ov konsekwens tu dui tu-morer, i 
am skers dropt aslip tu-nit b»t i am in de midst ov it ; 
and when awck i konsider de hal prtysejon ov de afer, and 
get de advantej ov de nekst de'z ekspiriens befur de s^n 
baz rizen %'pon it. 

*' clor iz skersli a gret porst b^t wbot i bav s^m tim or 
ijder bin in ; bst mi bebevior wbil i woz master ov a koloj 
plizez mi ser wel, dat whenever der iz a provins ov dat ne- 
ti^r vekant, i intend tu step in az sum az i kan. 

** i? bav d^n meni digz dat wud not pas ekzaminejon, 
wben i bav bad de art ov fliig or biig invizibel ; for wbiq 
rizon i am glad i am not pozest ov doz ekstraordinari 

** Lastli, Mr Spektetor, i bav bin a gret korespondent 
ov qrz, and hav red meni ov mi leterz in \\r peper whig i 
never rort tu q,. If q hav a mind i Jud riali bi se, i bav 
got a parsel ov vigonz and 3der miselansiz in mi noktqari, 
whig i Jal send q,tu enriq i^r peper wid on proper okesonz. 

*' * am, ets., 

"JON 2:AL<y." 

" Oksford, 2O0 QgnsV* 

Mande, 30 Qgnst, 1714. 
Intus et in cute novi. — Pers. Sat. iii. 30. 
i' n<5f di tu dj botom ; from widin 
dj Jalcr senter tu de stmffst skin.— Dr/rfen. 

3!er de odor ov de foloig vigon iz 3nnan tu mi, i am apt 
tu digk it me bi de wsrk ov dat injiniss jentelman, bm 
promist mi, in de last peper, s^m ekstrakts out ov biz 

" Ser, — i< woz de ?fder de ridig de lif ov Mahomet. 
Am»g meni ^der ekstravagansez, i Qnd it rekorded ov dAt 
impostor, dat in de ftjrJ yir ov biz ej, de enjel Gebricl kot 
him Yp wbil hi woz am^g hiz plefelerz ; and, kariig him 
asid, kut cfpen biz brest, pUkt out biz hart, and r^g out 
ov it dat blak drop ov blsd, in whig, se de T^rkiJ divinz, 
iz kontend ^efomes peccati, ser dat bi woz fri from sin 
ever after. 4i immidictli sed tu miself, Her dis sto-ri bi a 
fikjou, a veri gud moral me bi dron from it, wud everi 
man b«t apli it tu himself, and endevor tu skwiz out ov 
hiz hart whotever sinz or il kwolitiz hi ^nd in it. 

" Wbil mi mind woz herlH tcken Tsp wid dis kontemplc- 
Jon, i insensibli fel intu a merst plizig slumber, when miJot 
tin perrterz enterd mi gcmber, kariig a larj qest betwin 
dem. After bavig set it doun in de midel ov de ruim de 
departed. (E immidietli endevord tu trpen whot woz sent 
mi, when a Jep, lik d4t in whiq wi pent our cnjelz, apird 
beferr mi, and forbad mi. * Enklezd,* sed hi, * ar de harts 
ov several ov qr frendz and akwentans; b^t, beferr \\^ kan 
bi kwolif}d tu si and animadvert on de feligz ov 3derz, q, 

Digitized by 




20 March, 18 'S. 

mvst bi pq,r i^rself :' whervpon hi drmoat hiz insi^on nif, 
k^t mi erpen, tuk out m^ hart, and began tu skwiz it. ^ 
woz in a ^ret koDfii5oo ta si hou men! i'liQz, whiq [ had 
olvrez Qorift az verti^z, iji^d out ov mi hart on dis okeson. 
In Jort, after it had bin Ivrerll skwizd, it lukt l^k an 
empti blader ; when de fantom, bridig a frej partikel ov 
diy^n er intu it, resterd it sef tu its former repozitori ; and, 
havig 8€rd mi 7p, wi began tu ekzamin de qest. 

" dCe harts wer ol enklerzd in transperent Qalz, and pre- 
zerrd in a likor whig lukt Ijk spirits oy win. cle ferst 
whiQ i kast mi \ vpon i woz afred wud hav brerk de glas 
whig kontend it. It Jot 3p and doun, wid inkredibel 
swiftnes, Irui de likor in whig it swam, and yeri frikwenti 
bounst aj^enst de sid ov de Qal. 3e jbmes, or spot in de 
midel ov it, woz not larj, b«t o? a red Qri k^lor, and simd 
tu bi de koz ov diz violent ajitejonz. '3at,' sez mi in- 
strvkter, ' iz de hart ov Tom Prednot, hm behevd himself 
wel in de let worz, bvt haz for diz ten yirz last past bin 
emig at svm perstov onor tuna pvrpos. Hi iz letli retird 
intu de ksntri, wher, kwit gerkt 3p wid splin and koler, 
hi relz at beter men dan himself, and wil bi for ever sn- 
izi, bekoz it iz imposibel hi Jud ligk hiz merits ssfifentli 
reworded.' 3e nekst hart dat i ekzamind woz remarkabel 
for its smolnes ; it le slil at de botom ov de fjal, and i kud 
hardli peraiv dat it bit at ol. 3e fomes woz knit blak, 
and had olmorst difq,zd itself erver de herl hart. * His.' sez 
mi interpreter, ' iz de hartov Dik Gloimi, hui never Oersted 
after enilii) bvt m^^ni. Notwidstandig ol hiz endevorz, 
hi iz stil pmr. His haz fl^g him intu a merst deplcrrabel 
stet ov melankoli and desper. Hi iz a kompozijon ov envi 
and idelnes : hets mankind, bvt givz dem der revenj bi 
biii) mar snizi tu himself dan tu eniw^n els.' 

** He ^al i lukt vpon nekst kontend a larj fer hart whig 
bit veri strogli. de fomes or spot in it woz eksidigli 
smol ; bvt i kud not help obzervig, dat whig we serever i 
tvrnd de tial, it olwez apird ^permast, and in de strorjgest 
point ov lit. *He hart ur ar ekzaminii),' sez mi kom- 
panion, * belogz tu Wil Wvrdi. Hi haz, indid. a merst 
norbel serl, and iz pozest ov a louzand gud kwolitiz. He 
spok whig i^ disk^^ver iz vaniti.' 

" ' Hir," sez de enjel, * iz de hart ov Fril^v, i^r intimct 
frend.*— * Fril^v and i,' sed i, * ar at prezent veri kald tu 
W7n anvder, and i dui not ker for luKii) on de hart ov a 
man whig i fir iz erverkast wid ragkor.' Mi tiger komanded 
mi tu luk 9pon it. ^ did sa, and tu mi T^nspikabel svr- 
priz, found dat a smol swelig spot, whig i at ferst tuk tu 
oi il-wil to-ardz mi, woz ornli pajon ; and dat vpon rai 
Direr inspekjon it ha-lli disapird; T^pon whig de fan torn 
torld mi FrilT5v woz w«n ov de best neti^rd men aliv. 

** ' His,' sez mi tiger, ' iz a fimel hart ov qr akwentans.' 
$ found dey&7»e« in it ov de larjest siz, and ov a hundred 
diferent k3lorz, whig wer stil veriig everi merment. "^pon 
mi askig tu hium it belogd, i woz informd dat it woz de 
hart ov Kcrketila. 

" t set it doun, and drui out an^jder, in whig i tuk de 
fomes at ferst sit tu bi veri smol, bst woz amezd tu f^nd 
dat, az i lukt stedfastli sspon it, it grm stil larjer. It woz 
de hart ov Melfsa, a nated pruid, hui livz de nekst der tu 

'* * $ Jor q dis,' sez de fantora, ' bekoz it iz indid a reriti, 
and \\ hav de hapines tu ne- de person tu huim it belogz.' 
Hi den put intu mi handz a larj kristal glas, dat enklazd 
a hart, in whig, da i ekzamind it wid de i>'tmast niseti, i 
kud not persiv eni bleraij. ^ med ncr skroipel tu aferm dut 
it mvst bi de bart ov Serafina ; and woz glad, bvt not ssr- 
prizd, tu Qnd dat it woz sa. ' >}i iz indid,' kontiniid mi 
gid, * de ornament az wel azde envi ov her seks.' At diz 
last w^rdz hi pointed tu de harts ov several ov her fimel 

akwentans whig le in diferent Qalz, and had veri larj spots 
in dem, ol ov a dip blm. ' U ar not tu winder,' sez lii, 
* dat II si ner spot in a hart, hmz inosens haz bin prmf 
agenst ol de kor^pjonz ov a deprevd ej. If it haz eni 
blemij, il iz tm smol tu bi disk^verd bi hi^^man [z.* 

** if led it doun, and tuk 7p de harts ov vder fimelz, in 
ol ov whig de fomes ran in several venz, whig wer twisted 
tugeder, and med a veri perplekst 6gi|,r. ^ askt de minig 
ov it, and woz terld it reprezented desit. 

" i Jud hav bin glad tu hav ekzamind de harts ov sev- 
eral ov mi akwentans, hmm i nq tu bi partikqlarli adikted 
tu drigkig, gemig, intrigig, ets., bvt mi interpreter tald 
mi i m^st let d&t alern 3ntil anvder oportqniti, and fl^g 
doun de ksver ov de gest wid so mvg violens az immidi- 
etli a wok mi." — 

M^aER AND ©fLD. 

S^er, /a Aer amf/^ Aou atan &e in/an ^ nsz / 

S^au 4Mn, ^ Aiz, Be a/a(/ (/t^Ainferi/i^af / 

t^z ^u Xer uA^yk /t^i^ cte /i^vu w^^, 

w4a^ anaeren ^4d au at'mAafit antZ/M / 

Swa w&^J, ^A> &^a44, %^n mem a or^Ken W¥fci^ 

Atz wonU, 4i^ wi/ez, ant/ Aiz grtJi ctr nen/y 

an(/ e-uef, etfett /a Xei^ /aA 4*^ jfifz, 

u^Aen r^zt a/iiA Armz an wtSt atuti^ a¥rArfz, 

mA-^ i>n nei^ a^mz, mz afJHz aAfoa ne*^ //va, 

/cta^ nem fncM^ cAif J&f e^ep^ an mz ^^Oiy 

az wtSt 4a/i a4den/ia raun</ Aei^ neA Aa A/Ij^z, 

anO^ ^aA /a ^aA, Aef A /in aan/k diyz/ 

Aau AAm/ ^ ^A/cte AfA,aij/z au Aiz Aai^^, 

^aB Atz awA^ arefi, anc/ Am ^a Am tMAa^^y 

wa^ af Atz a/imAerz ^A Be At'Aic/ij/ (/ru, 

anc/ ^A- Aan, eAz<M^ a fnpBer*z ^u / 

SBv^ 4A4n a na^/ef^ /a^A </eman(/z Acf^ Aery 

oAar^ /a, jatnz Aiz ii^e/Aant/z tn Arer, 

^e/tn at* ^Ci/n A At aAz tn aAAre^ Be^. 

tS*ne/ nau Be va/^m an Aei^ nA Aaz A&^ 

Avz want/ertn f,^nau ment a nUn ficx/, 

never^ ^u <//, u^tB men/ a //oAin aufA.(, 

Aiz ntAAittn, m^rmi^rtn /i/M enc/citai^ ^tt reA^/, 

^e/Ad^, Aa ^e^ez Be Arf^Av^er/^y 

a/(f Aa tuuc/^/a^/o/a fi^Ai Be oA/» / 

A/jf,mz Be aan^ mcM^i^ 4^ma€i*in in Aiz ^en, 

anc/ iy^z ant/ Ani/i^, Auj^m Af. Be many 

Ben r^nz, ant/ nK/ij^ Ai, Be /oun^tn o/r/, 

aent/z A/z Af^eu /lAj in ^rfi^m/ t/c^un Be ^£c/, 

a t/en^emt vaie/y ar, ij/nau Aa /.an, 

^ naa Aa, toerz Be Atioi^ au a man, 

/tiyz a/ Be Aa^, 4a /an Aiz Af±t/ ant/ Ani^ai^j 

ant/, /xA a mi,zcr t/tf^in /a^ Atz /fej nr, 

Aiz /j,ni aAec/ in Aiz an aart/en A/f^, 

ant/ m urAn /e/erz aAz Aiz nem afiz / 

/rner'ef^ Aa, aaz, /at^ evc^ m Aer ^i^, 

yi A1A4, ant/ /uAo, ant/ ff/t/ (oiB nfA i/ef//. Rojers 

Digitized by V^OO^ It: 

27 March, 1875. 



Wi}t ffjonetk |.0iirn:El, 

SATURDAY, 27th MARCH, 1875. 

OtmwmiUeaHoiufitr tku Department qfthe Journal^ N<^iee$o/Bt>ereireulaion, 
etc,, ekould be written eeparaieljffrom letien, and marked " Journal" 

BRISTOL. From the Editor of the ** Bristol Ar^s," (a pho- 
nographic evercircula'or). — We have heen favored with a sight of 
the certificate of proficiency prepared for the Bristol Shorthand 
Writers' Association. The design is very unique and chaste, and 
the execution artistic and highly elaborate The upper pait is 
embellished with a capital vignette photograph of the father of 
Phonography, Mr Isaac Pitman, over which appear two appropri- 
ate mottoes, and, on either side, the valuable testimonies of a 
celebrated politician and of an eminent divine in favor of Phono- 
graphy. Below is a space for the candidate's name, and, in a few 
well-chosen' words, is the award of the examiners, two in number, 
by whom the certificate will be signed. It will .^Iso be counter- 
signed by the President and honorary vice- Presidents of the Associ- 
ation. The lettering is tastefully managed and enclosed in an 
elegant border of a rich marone color. The ctrrtificate is printed 
on India card, and reflects gj^&t credit on the designer, Mr Alex- 
ander Aitken of London. The Committee have made this design 
a speciality of the Bristol Shorthand Writers' Association, by 
having it entered at Stationer:^' Hall. We are pleased to find that 
three of these certificates have already been gained by members of 
the Association, two of which are for the rate of 150 words per 

MANCHESTER. From Henry PtYma«.— Last Thursday, 11 
March, I gave a lecture on Phonography in connection with St 
Matthias' Young Men's Mutual Improvement Society, Salford. 
The Rev. H. J. Meres, M.A., Kector, presided. There was a good 
attendance, including several ladies and former pupils, and much 
interest was shown in the explanation of the phonetic system, the 
exposure of the absurdities of the romanic orthography, and 
eketches'of the history of shorthand and its employment in Par- 
liamentary reporting. I expect a class will be formed. 

One more lesson will complete the Owens College term. The 
exercises and letters I have lately received from the pupils in this 
class evince both "aptitude in study and gratitude for the pleasure 
and benefit derived from Phonography. My two railway classes 
(M. S. and L.) have increased to upwards of sixty pupils. 



Many phonographers will doubtless from time to time have had 
the organization of the Phonetic Society occupying a prominent 
place in their thou.:ht8. There is an ever-increasing call for the 
iwe of Phonography, and of course an ever-increacing demand for 
persons able to write Phonorgaphy. Railway companies, the law 
courts, the press, —all call for the use of Phonography, and that 
more urgently than ever. In lo >kin^ over the columns of the 
I*honetic Journal we perceive from week to week fresh bands of 
recruits for this noble array of progress, whose names are gazetted 
in our " organ," and it has really become an important ma ter tor 
the consideration of those who wish Phonography and the Pho- 
netic S«)ciety well, whether the.«e additions to our numbers are 
an addition to our strength ; or whether^ after all, while increasing 
in numbers the Society is in reality decreasing in power and in 
the ability to raise Phonography and the Phonetic Society in the 
estimation of the world. 

1 may add that the subject of the re-organization of the Society 
has for some time been with me a mutter for serious thouiiht, and 
it would have pleased me greutly to see an older and abler pho- 
nographer take up the matter, and press it upon the consideration 
of members of the Society and readers of the Journal. I see also 
Irom recent numbers of tne Journal that Mr Moor of Morpeth has 
in preparation a pamphlet which, from its title, " What is to be 
the Future of the liionetio Society?" will most probably treat 

upon the subject in all its phases, and it is from no wish to super- 
;iede Mr Moor in the discussion of a matter so important to all 
phonographers, but merely from a desire that the subject should 
be discussed in the official organ of our Society, and a sincere wish 
to refrain from the least shadow of disrespect to our worthy and 
tried chief, Mr Pitman, — in a discussion in which he, of all men 
in the world, would naturally feel most interest, — that I send 
these few and imperfect remarks to the Fhotietic Journal. 
, When 1 first began thinking of learning Phonography, having 
bought my ** Teacher " and looked over the list of first-class mem- 
bers of the Phonetic Society, I thought that to obtain a place 
among them was an object well worthy of using my utmost en- 
deavors to gain. With this object in view, I worked assiduously 
for some time ; and now, on one wall of my sitting room hangs 
my Certificate as a Teacher of Phonography, while the opposite 
wall is graced with its companion card, certifying me to be a Ist 
class member of the Phonetic Society ; and now, having gained 
the coveted prize Which 1 labored so earnestly for, / am disap' 
pointed, and I can scarcely look upon the distinction which some 
time ago I would have given almost anything to obtain, otherwise 
than as an empty and worthless one after all. 

What certitieated master in England and Wales would look 
upon his * parchment" as anything but an empty distinction if 
he knew that every " hed^^e schoolmaster" and every keeper of a 
dame-school could obtain the same just for the asking P What 
medical man would value his *' diploma " if he knew that every 
*' quack " and '* water doctor " in the kingdom could get the same ? 
What member of any one of the learned professions would take 
pride in his *' titles " if aware that every aspirant could easily gain 
the same ? What gives value to every *' parchment," " diploma," 
and '* title,'* is, that the simple po.^se&iion of it is an absolute proof 
that its possessor has been thoroughly tested iu the subjects which 
his certificates say he is master of. 

And now comes the important qtiestion, *' Is the possession of 
a Teacher's Certificate or a Member's Card in the Phonetic Soci- 
ety a proof that its owner is a thorough master of the ait ? I can 
venture to say that every honest member of the Society will at 
once say no ! Of course this does not imply that no person who 
possesses a certificate is a master of the ait, but the fact remains 
the same that the possession of a Ceriificate is no proof that he is 
so. I think that a very little consideration will convince us that 
the terms upon which the teacher's or member's Certificate 
is granted are absolutely worthless as a test of proficiency or even 
of acquaintance with the art. Indeed, I know of no other certifi- 
cate which is granted on similar terms. What would be said of 
any public body granting, we will say, a certificate as a teacher 
of mathematics to a person on the strength of his having worked 
out certains mathematical problems with a key at his nide P 2s 
he proficient in spelling for writing a piece with a dictionary at 
hand for reference ? Common sense will tell us that such tests 
would be absolutely worthless, and yet they are the very ones and 
the only ones by which the proficiency of a candidate for a Ttach- 
er's Cert. ficate and Card of Membtrship is tested! Indeed, we 
may almost say that the terms for admission into the Phonetic 
Society at present are such as tend to attract superficial and le^-el 
honest, hard-working phonographers. What pleasure can a per- 
son who has labored hard and successfully to obtain a thorough 
and theoretical knowledge of Phonography have in applyimc for 
admission into the Society when he knows that the most super- 
ficial knowledge would obtain for him the very same honor P Of 
course I am far from insinuating that there are not to be found 
amoug the members of the Phonetic Society many earnest, siiK e>e, 
honest, and hard-workin.; members, whom any Society might be 
proud to rauk amoug its numbers ; but, on the other hand, it 
cannot be denied that persons who possess even the most super- 
fi( ial knowledge of the art can easily gain admittanee. This state 
of things should not be allowed to exist any longer. Let us not 
be atiaid of reform. The very object of our Society itself is re*- 
form ; and ahall it be said that the Society whose great object is 
reform should be alraid of reform in itself and its constituiion P 

Let us then face the question boldly. Do not let us shrink 
from coufessiui; our weakncM and from taking every available 
means to strengthen our bocioty. As our woithy commauder-in- 
-chief, .Mr Piiman himself, said some time ago. *'li would be 
better far to have a small and earnest hard- working army of pho* 

Digitized by 





27 March, 1875, 

Bbj Tt, Dd; 

biii ^aogh^, deed; ehnrek 

G g, J i ; K k, G g ; 

Jnagei cote, giff: 



Vt Ii5, ad; Ss, Zz; 

valve; brealA, bre»Me ; Mure, sUe; 

«Aip, anire : 

Mm, K n, U i) ; 

maisi, noon, mn^ : 

nograpliers who would bring honor to the Society, than a large 
and useless band, every fresh addition to which would only be an 
addition to its weakness and not its strength/' 

As my article has already exceeded the limits I intended it to 
take, I must hasten to conclude. I trust that the above remarks 
ai-e Sufficient to prove the necessity of reform, and that every sin- 
cere well-wisher to Phonography and the Phonetic Society will 
agree with me when I say that the very fact of a person's having 
b^n admitted to the ranks of the Society should be a real proof 
o" professional skill. I shall only add further that it is my opin- 
ion that the terms for admission in money and nkill should be far 
higher than at present. In a future article I will, with your per- 
mission, present for discussion in the columns of the Journal a 
complete scheme of examination which will, I think, secure what 
y^e desire, namely, a test so thorough as to be a proof of pro- 
fessional skill, and yet such that every person who intends ob- 
taining any benefit from Phonography can reach. 

I trust, in conclnsion, that the readers of the Phonetic Jounnl 
"^ HI give the matter th<^ir earnest attention, and that many more 
experienced phonographers than myself will give their fellow 
niembers through the columns of the Journal their opinions on a 
subject so important to the well-being of our Society. 


Our correspondent does not distinguish between the three 
classes of members in the Phonetic Society. Indeed, he writes as 
though there were but one class, and that an honorable one, 
whereas the " learners'," (third class ) number about as many as 
the proficient phonographers in the first and second classes. We 
h ive long thought that this third class is a useless one, seeing that 
persons may obtain the services of first-class members in the cor- 
rection of their exercises whether they be members of the Society or 

It is also unnecessary to keep up a fourth class, as patrons of 
the Phonetic Reform. It complicates the organization of the So- 
ciety unnecessarily. Anyone who does not write Phonography,, 
and wishes to assist the funds for its propagation, has a ready 
means of doing so by a pecuniary contribution. 

It is the possession of a ** Teacher's Certificate " that is of value, 
as certifying to the holder's knowledge of the system. We do not 
grant a certificate to any writor that has not a thorough acquain- 
tance with Phonography, as shown by his choice of outlines. In 
this respect, possible diversities of form for some words, and distinc 
tions between outlines for words containing the same consonants, 
(all furnished by means of duplicate signs for a few of the letters 
of the alphabet,) serve an admirable purpose as testing the writer's 

i'udgment, and his powers of observation in reading printed short- 
hand. Speed in writing cannot be taken into account in ejecting 
to membership. This must be left to the examiners in the 
various local Shorthand Writers' Associations. A Teacher s Ccr- 
tidcate, in addition to a Card of Membership, would then be un- 
necessary, for every member of the Swiety would be a qualified 
t«acher of Phonography. Membership may be restricted, and the 
qualification for it guaranteed, by requiring that the candidate be 
introduced by a member, who shall, by correspondence, or by per- 
sonal examination, have tested the applicant's knowledge of 

We are glad to have the subject brought thus boldly, but some- 
what baldly, before the Society, and we would throw out the idea 
for consideration, to be acted on after the publication of the 1875 
annual List of Members, that there be only two classes of mem- 
bers : workers first class ; and patrons, second class ; both of 
whom will be required to possess the same proficiency is Phono- 
graphy as is now necessary to obtain a Certificate. 

We recollect but one instance in the past year of a person's 
obtaining a Certificate which h* did not deserve. His specimen 
of writing entitled him to a Certificate, but a letter from him, 
received uoon after, in time to prevent the name from appearing 
in the Journal, contained numerous errors, and showed that he 
was merely a learner. He was requested to return the Certificate 
bat has not done so. If we do not receive it after this reference 
to the matter wo shall publish the name. — £d. 


Sir, — My attention has been drawn to a letter signed " Anti- 
HuMBUO," which was printed in your impression of 30 Janaary, 
having reference to a system of abbreviated longhand published 
by me, and I now beg to furnish in a few words something like a 
reply. ^ 

The chief complaint made by your correspondent, — a witty man 
withal — is the vtrt/ small size of the book. Regarding this, I can 
only say that that very fact is a most valuable indication of the 
simplicity of the system. A complete method of stenography with 
but three and a half pages of instructions, seems incredible, but 
such is the case nevertheless. 

In respect of the general inefficiency of ** Ritchie's AbbieTiated 
Longhand " which a stranger might infer from Anti-Humbug's 
remarks, but which however the witty one does not essay to boldly 
express, I beg to state that to my knowledge thirteen high-class 
newspapers have spoken favorably of the system and have strongly 
recommended it, that a third edition of the manual is now in the 
press, and that out of the thousands who have obtained the book 
only four persons have expressed dissatisfaction. Ai\er this I shall 
ask the question, Is it possible that the system is worthless ? 

I have not troubled you with a long letter, and it will not occupj 
nearly as much space as that of my friend ** Anti-Humbug." I 
hope, therefore, you will not fail to do justice and insert it in the 
Phonetic Journal, I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

6 Salisbury Street^ Regent's Parky W. RirsBKLL. 

London, JV. fT, 

Notwithstanding the numerous favorable notices which Bfr 
Ritchie's little book has obtamed from some of the professed guides 
of public opinion in the newspaper press, we consider the review 
of it by our correspondent, page 43, an impartial one. The reader 
is repelled at the outset by an iufiuted, obscure, and occasionally 
inaccurate style, which is intolerable in a work of this character ; 
and as he proceeds the book seems to say, *'' Much cry, little wooL'* 
As a specimen of the author's siyle we quote a few sentences. 

'* In the august presence of a myriad of much more elaborate 
treatises, which, one and ail, speak lengthily of the History of 
Stenography, proclaim loudly respecting its indispensable power, 
and each of which, in its turn, dwells to no mean extent upon the 
particular advantages of its own rendering, we shall contiue our 
humble selves to merely making a very few remarks, and then 
proceeding to develop our sy^iteoi, always taking care to use as 
lew and as plain words as possible. We shall, indeed, as Shake- 
speare says, ** Imitate the honorable Romans in brevity,'* on 
every point, well knowing, on the autkority of the same great 
baid, that by so doing we shall get as near as is in our meagre 
power to the soul of wit." 

** There are many systems of shorthand in existence, and much 
do they vary as to their approach of perfection." 

** Facilitous," in the following quotation, is no improvement 
on "facile." 

" It will be seen that the leading particular of this system is 
that words are spelt according to their sound, and not after the 
manner of ordinary orthography. It is true that in certain in- 
stances it would be more facilitous to write the letter which 
appears in the longhand word, but it is much more advisable to 
abide by the rule. In accordance with this, we shall find that 
the letter * C * will he hardly ever introduced, as when sounded 
soft it is substituted by * S,' and when hard by * K.' The value 
of this will fail to be observed until the whole theory has been 
learnt; then it will be plainly seen that by writing stri(.tly 
according to pronunciation the reading will be very much easier." 

In the table of grammalogues the reader is unable to discover 
why a, A, f , rf, /, g, I, m, are printed with small letters, and all the 
rest of the alphabet with capitals. The same thing occurs in the 
grammalogues themselves, seven of which commence with capitals, 
and all the others with small letters. If the distinction is inten-> 
tional, the meaning should be pointed out. The following 
instruction throws no light upon the matter. 

*' Capital letters can he used in the same order as in ordinary 

Digitized by 


27 March, 1875. 



LI, Er: Ww, Yy, Hii. — A», fl b; E e, 8 ej li, li: Oo, O o; "S v, CT « ; U u, W ui. 

loll, roar; my, y«s, k»j. — pat, alms; p«t, ogei pit, <at: pot, all; but, aid; p»t, «aM, 

mjr, new. 

^ nianuscript ; but it is better to be sparing with them, as, as a rule, 
they are mdre difficult to form than Amall letters. Where single 
letters represent words, they can be written in either capitals or 
smalls, according a^ is easiest in each case.*' We know no capital 
that is easier to write than its corresponding small letter. 

The grammalogues are an important feature of any abbreviated 
writing, and much of the success of a system of shorthand, or 
abbreviated longhand, will depend on their selection. Mr Eitchie's 
list of wo^s for the first half of the alphabet are, — trfter, dut, cer- 
tain, ifelay, wch, /rom, ^ve, Aave, indeed, yust, *now and 
acXmowledge, all, much ; that is, tbe italic letter in each of these 
words is to be writtea for the whole word, and also for nearly 
every other word that contains but this consonant and a vowel ; 
tbus, ^ in addition to its grammalogue that, represents also <7, aty 
tOf etc. 

On the value of abbreviated longhand as a quick method, we 
think that it is impossible to write it so rapidly as to be of use 
in taking; notes of a speaker, or for ordinary composition, except 
one, writes only in this fashion. " Man is a bundle of habits,'* 
and two habits of spelling, one for full and one for abbreviated 
longhand fight against each other. In the attempt to write some- 
times one and sometimes the other, the writer can do neither 
swiftly. But it is a very practical thing to write both full long- 
hand and shorthand swiftly. The mind works in different planes 
in the two styles, and therefore they do not interfere with each 
other. The same objection to keeping up two styles in one kind 
of writing, obtains in shorthand. It is impossible for a person 
who accustoms himself to write the Corresponding style of Pho- 
nography at home, to take down a speaker at a public meeting. 
His hand is not trained to the habits required for the Reporting 
Style. We can do a thing rapidly only on the condition that we 
do it often, and always in the same way. Hence the objections 
which were raised in former years to the few improvements in 
Phonography, — they interfered with reporting habits. 

On the author's recommendation to write the pronunciation in- 
stead of the spelling, we may observe that no signs or letters are 
furnished by which to express the sounds », o, la, g^ d, <?,/, j, y, 
which are heard in English ; and the student of this system is 
compelled to express by the five vowels a, e, », o, u, all the various 
sounds which they represent in the ordinary spelling ! To write 
**th*' for the several meflnings of these letters in the common 
spelling is not to " spell according to sound." Does ** Bentham " 
mean Betdamy Bendmn, or Bentham ? The latter, we believe, is 
the proper way to pronounce this name. 

Mr Ritchie, it seems, has been at the pains to print a portion 
of the ** Pilgrim's Progp:«s8" in his abbreviated style of spel- 
ling — it can hardly be an called an abbreviated style of writing, 
seeing that the ordinary alphabet is used. Our reviewer failed to 
do justice to the system in his brief quotation of a single line, as 
a specimen of the style of spelling. There are in the instruction 
book for teaching the system two brief anecdotes, containing to- 
gether a dozen lines, with a Key ; and the following extract, 
which is printed without a key. We think that the author's 
confidence is misplaced if he supposes that every reader will readily 
decipher it. 


I h hrd, m Ird, / ndit' rd, wm I fnd mslf chrgd with / ist krm, 
wth n nrm' I m Itgthr nkpbl \ ; a f kt, t / k-ms' \ w thr gos fr 
mr nsnsB \ hrt, mr p-flgsi \ mrls, thn evr fl t m It ; & N ps* kd 
h dmtd a p-sm' \ ths ntr b a dprv' nt nfrr 1 1 mptd t m. Hwvr, 
8 I stnd ndtd t yr Ird'** br, & h hrd wt s kid evdns adsd n sprt \ 
sell a chrg, I vri hmbli slst yr Ird'*' ptns, & bg / ht» \ ths 
rspkt* adns, wl I, sngl & nsklfl, dstt \ frnds & nssted b knsi, sa 
smth', prps Ik arg*, n m dfns. I bhl k-sm b Itl \ yr Ird**' tm : 
wt I h t sa wl b shrt ; & ths b^v^ prb*, wl b / bst prt \ t : h wrv, 
t 8 ofird wth 1 p»» rgrd & / grUt sbmb* t y Ird'"' k-sdi', & t / ths 
om* krt. Frst, m Ird, / wl tnr \ m k-dkt n If k-trdkts evri prtklr 
X ndi* : yt hd I nvr sd ths, dd nt m p-snt c-stnss xtrt t f m, & 
am t mk t nt^. Prmt m hr, m Ird, t kl pn mlgi.' tslf, s Ing & ki li 

bsid n ths p-sk», t chrg pn m ani mmrl' \ w p-jds ws nt / othr* 
No, m Jrd, I k-srtd no skms \ frd, p-jktd no vlns, njrd no mns 
prsn r p-prti ; my das wr onstly Ibrs, m nits ntnsli stdi ; & I 
umbli k-sv m ntis \ ths, spsli t ths tm, wl ntd b,tht mprtnnt r nrsn*, 
b 1 1st, dsrv* sm atn' ; bks, m Ird, tni prsn, a a tmprt us \ If, a 
sris \ thnk» & aktf rglrli, & w/- on sngl dva* f sbi', shd ping 
nto / vri dpth \ p-ftgsi p-sptli & t ons, s Itgthr mprb* & nprsdntdi 
& bsltli nknsstnt with / krs \ thgs. Mn^ s nvr krptd t ons ; vlni 
s Iwas p-grsv, & dklns f rit stp a stp, tl vri rgrd f p-bti s ist, & vri 
sns \ 1 mrl bg" ttli prshs. 

Key, — I have heard, my lord, the indictment read, wherein 
I find myself charged with the highest crime, with an enormity I 
am altogether incapable of; a fact to the commission of wmch 
there goes far more insensibility of heart, more profligacy of morals 
then ever fell to my lot ; and nothing possibly could have ad- 
mitted a presumption of this nature but a depravity not inferior 
to that imputed to me. However, as I stand indicted at your 
lordship's bar, and have heard what is called evidence adduced in 
support of such a charge, I very humbly solicit your lordship's 
patience, and beg the hearing of this respectable audience ; while 
I, single and unskilful, destitute of Mends and unassisted by 
counsel, say something, perhaps like argument, in my defence. I 
shall consume but little of your lordship's time : what I have to 
say will be short; and this brevity, probably, will be the best pai t 
of it: however, it is offered wiUi all possible regard and the 
greatest submission to your lordship's consideration,, and that of 
this honorable court First, my lord, the whole tenor of my con- 
duct in li^ contradicts every particular of the indictment : yet 
had I never said this, did not my present circumstances extort it 
from me, and seem to make it necessary. Permit me here, my 
lord, to call upon malignity itself so long and cruelly busied in 
this prosecution, to charge upon me any immorality of which pre- 
judice was not the author. No, my loird, I concerted no schemes 
of fraud, projected no violence, injured no man's person or 
property ; my davs were honestly laborious, my nights intensely 
studious ; and I humbly conceive my notice of this, especially at 
this time, will not be thought impertinent orimreasonable, but at 
lea>t, deserving some attention ; because, my lord, that any person, 
after a temperate use of life, a series of thinking and acting regu* 
larly, and without one single deviation from sobriety, should 
plunge into the very depth of profligacy precipitately and at once, 
is altogether improbable .and unprecedented, and absolutely incon- 
sistent with the course of things. Mankind is never corrupted at 
once ; villany is always progressive, and declines from, right step 
after step, till every regard for probity is lost, and every sense of 
all moral obligation totally perishes. 


t Amos Edmand, 6 South fields, Regent street, Leicester 

1 1 Anthony J. £., 2 Lansdowne terrace, Worcester : shorthand writer 

1 Campbell O. E. C, 3 Mortimer terrace, Birkenhead : articled clerk 

I Olover W. J., 7 Westboume Park pi., Camden st., Birmingham t chaser 
3 Goodwyn E. S., 20 West Chffa, Preston 

I I Hilton Robert, Albert street, Lark hiU, Tonge, near Middleton 
3 Jolly T., 4 Grafton street, Preston 

I Linton W. H., 4 Brierley avenne, Higher Ardwiok, Mancheeter 
t Little Gilbert, Dreghom, Ayrshire 

* 1 Magill James, Uaraelton, Ireland : law clerk 
t McBlain James, Melbourne, Australia 
3 Oakey George, 6 Bolton street west, Preston 
f- 1 Smith John A., Bradler, rear Kildwick, Leeds 

I I Smith Joseph, Copley house. Siddal, near Halifax : wool extractor 
3 Smith T. Q., 29 Lauriston gardens, Edinburgh : merchant 

3 Taylor W. H., 34 Wansey ntreet, Walworth, London 

t Wi Iker W. A., High Harrogate College, Harrogate, Yorks. 

3 Wpstacott William, 2 Upper William street, Newport, Mon. : carpenter 

3 Weston R., The Old HaU school, Wellington, Salop 

t 2 Williams William, Telegraph office, Docks, Swansea 

AteratioHM qf Addreta, 

Ingram W. 3. , from 21 Allen st., Walworth, to 6 Portland terr., Rotberhith*, 

London. S.B. 
Whitefoot Thomas, f¥oM Hertford toll Horton road, Hackney, London 

Digitized by V^OO^ VC 



27 March, 187B. 

ortley; near Leeds. Will circulate aa soon 

, a few railway telejrraph clerks to complete the postal list of a new 
iter called the " Telegraph Journal," which will contain urticles, 
, wri ten by the conductors, and pa(f' 
he mernhers. It will circulate tne 
Annuarsahsoriiition, 1 '6, payable in advance. 

na Mr Hewitt, L. andN. W. Telegraph department, 

'Z0tUr$ ofinqHVtg to t\§ condMclon qf evert ireuJa£ort mntt contain a pottage 
atamp or an addreseed poetcard. Every eommunieafion for this Journal 
must be atttkenlieated 6y the name and addrete of the writer. 

The " Essayist and Controversialist^" a masazine of original articles, com- 
prising essays, controversies, short biographies, members' portrait gallery, 
and fine arts ; tales and religious controversies excluded. Terms : entrance 
fee, 9d. ; subscription, 3</. per quarter. Members wanted as early an pos- 
sible to complete the postal list. Only those who can guarantee to wri'^e 
an article every month need apply- Address, Mr A. W. [nman, 17 Rhodes 
place, Wellington road. New Wor ' ' "" 

as the list is completed, 

Wanted, i " 

tales, etc., wri ten by the conductors, and pages for contributions and criti- 
cisms by the members. It will circulate tne "Cabinet" and "Standard." 
Annual subsorintion, 1'6, payable in advance. Conductors, Mr A. Stapley, 
63 Earl street, Crewe ; and Mr Hewitt ' ' "' " 

Northampton. Apply to Mr Hewitt. 

Wanted, tome good phonographors to start two new evercirculators, the 
"Thunderer" and " Moonshine." to be written in the Corresponding and 
Reporting Styles respeotiveTy. Annual subscription, 1/, payable in advance ; 
no entrance fee. Also, a few more members to complete the postal list of 
the " Shorthand Toby," written in the Corresponding and Reporting Styles. 
Entrance fee, M. ; annual subscription, 1/3. Apply to Mr T. Lucaa, 21 
Froijmore, High Wycombe, Bucks. 

Wanted a f w more members to complete the postal list of the " Star," 
an everci culating magazine devoted to the improvement of its members in 
Phon-^graphr and English Composition. Apply to Mr James Moore, 17 Corn 
ma ket. Belfast. 

Wanted, one or two members to complete the po^al list of the " Bound- 
abcut Papers." The following magazines are circulated monthly : Shorthand 
Magazine, Shorthand Times, Lecturer, Cabinet, Standard, Eclipse, and the 
Phonographer. The magazines are circulated in two packets, which travel 
in different directions, accompanied by paper for discussions, notes and 
(jueries, outlines, etc. No entrance fee ; annual subscription, 3/6, payable 
in advance. Address, Mr A. H. Mo'>re, 25 Highst., Newlownards, Ireland. 
Wanted, four more members to complete the postal list of the " Welcome 
Onest," an everci rculator written in the Corresponding and Reporting 
Styles. Must be good writers. Articles originwl or selected. No entrance 
fee ; annual subscription, Orf., to c«^ver cost of paper, postage, etc. Apply 
to the conductor, Mr C. Keeling, 30 Talbot place. Park, Shetfleld. 

A second part of a first-class evercirculat or, written in the Learners' and 
Corr'spondina Styles of Phonography, is about to be started. Members 
must reside in Huddersfleld and district. No charges. Articles original or 
selected. Apply to Mr C. Wood, 63 Fitzwilliam street. Huddersfleld. 

A. H. K. B., Post office, Plymouth, wishes to join aa amateur magazine 
not printed in shorthand. 

Correction.— V%%e 110, for Bnlwer read Bulmer. 


3e ncm ov Jon Hotiard standz in Ipgland for perfekt 
benevolens. When de pijblik instrskter, gpikit) Jder from 
de pulpit or Inn de pres, dezirz tu personifi de piircst sim- 
pali for hitman s^ferii), dat nem at ir^ns ok^rz tu him. 
3e li,f ov Jon Houard \z 8«blim, bekoz its prezents fizikal 
wiknes orYerk5mir) mountenz in de p^rsq^t ov an end re- 
komended bj, diiti. It iz dlBk^lt tu jjader from ol dat 
remcnz to »« ov Houard'z TJnparaleld karir, dat hi vroz 
jder syseptibel bj nctiir, or rormantik from ednke/on and 
erli habit. Peretri had nerer bejrild him, or fansi sl^ra- 
berd in hiz m^nd. Afogur him in de vulgar standard, and 
ol de elements ov hererizra ar misir) in hiz kompozijon. 
Jsj him in hiz em pekiiliar Ij^t, and \\ me serq de analz ov 
heroizm in ven fop w^n merr ilsstri^s dan hi. 

Jon Houard woz stil a grerser'z aprentis wlien hiz fader 
d|d, livir) him, at de ej ov seventin, er tu a konsiderabol 
estct. tie boi woz olredi a man ingraviti and ^ot. P^r- 
Qe(«ic) hiz fridom from hiz masterz, hi at w^ns set out for 
Frans and Itali, in 8?rg ov nolej ; and, ret^rnir) ham after 
de absons ov a yir or tdi, tuk T^p hiz rezidens az an invalid 
at Sterk Nqigton, nir L«ndon. 

Hi kud not, at dis piriod, hav bin twenti yirz ov cj, b^t 
lii woz olredi master ov hiz mjnd and bodi. " Houard woz 
de s^n ov siknes and misfortiin. In 1773 hi woz nomin- 
tted tu de 068 ov Xerif ov Bedford. Tu bi apointed tu a 
dt^ti w%z, wid Houard, tu inkvr an obh'gejon tu ful61 it. 

Dnrir) de trjalz ov prizonerz hi sat in ko-rt, and lisend 
atentivli tu de prcrsidiQZ. When de trjalz wer ever, bi 
vizited and inspekted de prizonz. <te hidi^s ^ler dat met 
him in de felon'z sel str?jk him wid horor, and revild tu 
him at wsns de nBti^r ov hiz mijon. fie drim ov l^f woz 
at an end ; its akjon had beijsn. Houard set about de 
task ov resknit) Igi^bind from de Jem and dis^res dat 
atended her bijnd punijment ov malefaktorz. cle efort 
woz tremend^s. sor woz de penalti ; b«t de sskses s^rpast 
b(yf . It iz diek^lt for tss tu rializ de jiijantik ncti^r ov do 
«ndertckir). 3e problem ov our en de iz de p»nijment ov 
p^blik ofenderz, b^t its sol lu Jon iz l^t and izi, komperd 
wid de lebor dat konfr^nted Houard on de Irejheld ov biz 
ekstraordinari krmsed. Wi ne at list de netiir ov de sad 
matirial wid whig wi hav tu dil. Wi hav separeted and 
klasifjd de korijpt mas, and rcnderd it fitig tu rej»iv salq- 
tari and korektiv tritraent, whenever enlitenment Jal hav 
fikst »pon de preses. Wi hav not remuivd de gilti from 
de pel ov our simpaliz, and jjiven dem ^p tu wilful torti^p 
and abominabel ne^lekt. A sentiiri age diz ^igz wer not 
tfot ov, if, indid, de had ever bin nen. A raer gasili ek- 
sibijoo dan de prizon ov de last sentqri de mjud kanot 
konj»iv. cle mest inosent and ^nfortqnet detor woz ^ri^st 
intu de hel wid de mest gilti and hardend k»t4rel8, and 
Jerd de w»rst fet ov de tm. if hi had ne minz tu br^b hiz 
jeler intu hqman gariti. Swerig. blasfimig. and gcraig, 
wer de habitqal praktisez ov de kiperz and de kept; 
dr^gkennes woz not konsiderd a vjs ; relij^s wsrjip woz 
3nnen in a rijon whig simd kTSt of from sivilTzeJon, and 
med ever tu findz tu i^^vern in do trm spirit ov Bielzebifb. 
<Ier woz korypjon from de ferst ofijal tu de minest jeler, 
and merkrim widin de presigktsov de jel dan widout. CTld 
kriminalz korspted ni;, de guvernerz and der prejsa krmz 
kor3pted ol. 

From wTJn end bv Iggland tu de yder, from kounti tu 
kouuti, and from toun tu toun, did Houard travel, in order 
tu drag ferl de disgsstig miaterizov de BritiJ prizon hous. 
cle ferst re ov l^t dat bsrst upon prizon glmra woz de 
prezens ov dis KriHtian man. Hiz informants wer hiz }Z 
and irz. Ov ol dat hi herd and so hi med an imperijabel 
net, and whilst hi 3ndertuk tu si justis d»n tu kriminalz 
huim hi wud not uderw^z help, hi gcv fridom in everi 
ftiti tu az meni az a pekiiniari kontribijon kud s^plj ; wid 
de liberli ov whig, giltles ov ol krim, de had bin wontonli 

ae fruit ov hiz ferst gret Icbor woz not sle tu kum. He 
Hous ov Komonz rezolvd itself intu a koraiti, in order tu 
asertcn from de filanlropist, hui woz kold tu de bar, de 
aktiial stet ov de kcs. Wi me konklmd dat de laggwej 
ov a man in hmz stern prezens kigz wer sed tu kwel, and 
huiz indignant sel woz everfleig wid de rog it ni4, woz, if 
not flaterig tu Parliment, hili Hsful for fiitqp lejislcjon. 
ae ^agks or de lejisleti^r wer p^fblikli given at de klez ov 
de evidens. In de kers ov it a karakteristik kwestion woz 
adrest tu him. A member, surprjzd at de ekstent and 
miniitnes ov hiz inspekjonz, ink«ird at hmz ekspens hi 
traveld. " Houard," sez a frend hui nil him wel, " woi 
olmeat gekt befer hi kud repl^." 

Digitized by V:jOOQIC 

27 March, 1875. 




From " Brenings st Home, m Words of One Syllnble,'* by permiMion 
of Messrs CasseU, Fetter, and Gslpin. Price 2«. M, 

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27 March, 1875. 

MeAnwbile the ezccUont Mistreas Patience had repeated the 

gossip of the town to the imprisoned Eleanor : how the Churchills and 

C -L ^ .Sr. V A ; -^ %• <^"^ ^ S 

others had gone oter to William ; how Prince George — poor 
" Is it possible!" — eren the PriucesH Anne herself,, had followed 

^ ^ J- -V :> n ^ OA.-& 

should be chiefly done bj the British soldiers in the service of the SUtes 

^ \^ I . r^' V ). ^ ^ . Ja ) 

Mistress Patience wa3 not the woman to sit stiU while the town was 

in a ferment ; for two pins she would hare taken the so-called prisoner I 

^ ^ •%-. ^ V . \. s -)-. . ^' X . ' 

., ^ I I I o ^ under her ami and paraded the streets to see the sights. But 1 

in their wake. She had described, as far as the particulars were known, .1 /^ 

soriffhtlv wives are almost always mated v 

the Queen's flight, the first retreat of the King, his return to Whitehall, 
the arrival of William and his followers at Windsor, and the expected 
march to London. 

^ ...<^j- 

It was now the 181 h of December— a roi«crablr, stormy, rainy, 
winter day; but there were stem resolve and holy enthuHiaam 

sprightly wives are almost always mated vrith steady, careful husbands, 
and the case of Prudence was no exception to the rule. Jonathan, her 
spouse, absolutely insisted that she should keep in doors on this 

)-^ I-: ' ^x_ <^ ^, U . -, ' ^ 

eventful day; and to make matters sure, turned the key on her 
I as well as on his prisoner. 
I It was really too bad, — and Patience vowed revenge on her lord 


) ^ /- - 

/ <o 

. J i. . ^ ^ fZ • ^^- c^, ' i 

enough in the souls of the Londoners to keep their hearts warm and ' ^nd ma.ster. But she had a kind heart as weU as a merry one, and 

^ A, . .!. 

buoyant. Soon tlic n«pi came (h»t KiDg Juim-s had embnrlied .nJ j ,^„ ,,,j f^jj gl,d ih.i , ho wb» tb« companioa of Eleanor, whom 

) .rw. o -<- -J- . K . o \^ "'V- ..V' 

was makirg his way down the Thames, hi* barge sorely embarassed 
by the rough weather. **And now," as Msoauhy describes, " brigade 


she sought to cheer and inform of all that was tran*piring. It was, 

after brigade of the Prince's troops ean>e pourinj; into London from the 
V.'.'st. It hid been wisely determined that the du»y of the capital 

, V^ 

indeeil, with a hopeful, prayerful heart, that Eleanor listened. Standing 
on tiptoe, Patience managed to rest her dimpled chin on the 
sill of the one barred window which dimly lighted the place. 


Digitized by 


27 March, 1875. 



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27 March, 1875. 


{Kejf on page 141) 

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■ Digitized by ^OOglC 

27 March, 1875. 



(Kty to Corresponding StwU, page 139.) 
"Oh, lady ! madam!** she exclaimed; *' indeed it's a hrav® 
sight! 'J'heres a streamer from every hat, and not so much a^ 
a grentleman's clouded cane without iU yard of orange ribbon— 
and handkerchiefs waving from the windows ; and there's a grand 
coach, the horses with orange rosettes ; and now, hark ! the bells 
ringing— they're coming- they're coming ! Oh, what a troop ! 
and what bowing and smiling! Oh, lady ! madam ! yon should 
look I And the little children with flags ! And now a whole 
cart-load of fagots for the bonfire !— and another— and another! 
And they are sticking candles in all the windows opposite for 
lighting up at nigbt. Oh, but it'll be a grand sight ! And lady ! 
madam !" she continued after a moment's pause, and clapping 
h«r hands as she spoke ; " Yes, it be true— and here are two of 
the chief officers stoppling here : oh, ma'am, and Jonathan's taken 
the keys I den't know where ! And eue is a noble-looking middle- 
aged gentleman, and the other— yes— yes, it is the handsome 
young gentleman that came with the letter for you, lady, madam, 
and gave me the silver bodkin for my hair, which he had brought 
from foreign parts. And now they are dismounting, and we 
can't get out— we can't get out !" 

How much longer Dame Patience might have chattered and 
harangued in her own incoherent fashion, it is impossible to say, 
hut the door of Eleanor's prison -chamber was quickly opened, 
never to be closed on her again, by Jonathan her good-natured 

i'ailor, and in a few seconds Eleanor was weeping joyful teais in 
»er father's arms When she looked up her eyes rested on his youth- 
ful companion ; but why did a deep blush suffuse her cheek, as 
ahe recognised in him the writer of the consolatory note,— the 
faithful messenger who had appeared to her under so many 
disguises P 

Love is not to be measured and valued by the time it takes to 
grow ; and when only a few weeks af.erwards Sir John gave the 
hand of bis daughter to his tried friend and young companion in 
arms, Herbert Morley, he felt that he was indeed bestowing her 
on " a worthy man of the true faith," and tecuring, as far as 
earthly foresight could promise, her true happiness. That they 
were happy. I believe ; and perhaps not the less because family 
tradition is silent on the point Even to this day their descend- 
ants consider domestic content such a prime rule of life, that its 
absence, rather than its existen* e, is talked about. How the 
partisans of William of Orange, the defenders of true liberty and 
real order, and enlightened loyalty, fared a hundred and sixty- 
four years ago— how after the great struggle they were honored 
and rewarded, it belongs to the page of history to narate. 

Eleanor's husband and Eleanor's father were men of mark ; 
neither neglected nor forgotten by the just and discriminating 
Pnnc€ they had helped to pUce on the throne.— ifr» Newton 



{Key to Reporting Style, page 140.) 

The amount of the present endowment by Sir Josiah Mason is 

about £6 i,000, but to this must be added some £40,000 as the 

probable cost of the building. The building, which is in the early 

pointed style, from designs by Mr J. A. Cossins, architect, of 

Birmingham, will occupy an area of about an acre, with frontages 

of I49ft. and 127ft. respectively, in the immediate vicinity of the 

Town Hall, the Midland Institute, and the new municipal 


The ceremony of laying the stone was attended by a large num- 
ber of gentlemen, including representatives of the Town Council, 
the borough magistrates, the Free Libraries, the Midland Institute, 
Queen's College, King h dward's Grammar School, the Birming- 
ham Library, the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, the Insti- 
tute of Mechanical Engineers, the trustees of Sir Joaiah Mason's 
OrphanaKe, and other educational, scientific, and philanthropic 
institutions. Owing to the inclemency of the weather and the 
gieat age and precarious health of the founder, the pn ceedings at 
the sito were limited to the laying of the stime, after which the 
company adjourned for the completion of the ceremony to the 
Queen's Hotel, where they were joinedby Mr John Bright, M.P., 
and other genUeman. 

Sir Josiah Mason, in replv to an address real and presented to 
him, said, the infirmity of kis voice prevented his addressing the 
meeting himself, but his friend Mr Bunce would read his reply, 
which was as follows : — 

*' Gentlemen, — 1 have to thank you most sincerely for your 
presence here to-day to witness the 1 ying of the foundation stone 
of my Scientific College, and I have t» thank you also for the 
kind address which has just been read, and for its full and gener- 
ous recognition of my labors. Schools in my youth were few 
and poor ; there wer*^ no institutions for popular teaching, no 
eveninfif classes to which youths might go affer their day's work 
was ended. Whatever I learnt I had to teach myaelf in the in- 
tervals of laborious and precarious occupations, first at Kidder- 
minster, my birthplace, and later at Birmingham, the home of 
my adoption, and the place in which 60 yeara of my life have been 
spent. At Kidderminster, as a youth, I worked at a variety of 
trades —baking, shopkeeping, carpet weaving, and others, when 
I cam*' to Birmingham in my 20th year I was first connected with 
one of the then staple trades of the town, the gilt toy making, and 
it was not until after ten years of hard work and heavy disappoint- 
ment that I found the position to which Providence had destined 
me. At thirty years of age, with twenty pounds of savings as my 
whole fortune, I was brought into association with one of the 
most honorable, industrious, and ingenious of men, Mr Samuel 
Harrirton, the inventor of split rings, whom I served for a time, 
and to whose business, on his retirement, 1 succeeded. Mr Hirrison 
was no common man ; he was a friend of [)r Triestley, whom ha 
assisted in many of his philosophical experiments, and for whom 
I may mention as a matter of interesting local history, he made 
the first steel pen that ever was made in Birmingham. To me he 
was a dear and good friend, whose memory I have never ceased 
to cherish with continual afiection. To the business I received 
from him I afterwards aaded the trade of steel pen-making, which 
I have now followed for more than 47 years, first, as the maker of 
the well-known Perryian pens, and later in my own name, until 
I have developed the works into the largest pen factory in the 
world— though I ought to say that the building in which they are 
now conducted no longer belongs to me, but has been conveyed 
to the trustees of this College, as part <»f their endowment, so that 
I am now the tenant of my own foundation. 1 his business and 
that of the split ring making were my sole occupations until 1S40, 
when accident brought mo into close relation with my late valued 
friend and partner, Mr G. R. Elkington, who was then applying 
the great discovery of electro-deposition, and through my associa- 
tion with him in thia undertaking I may claim a share in the crea- 
tion of a form of scientific industry which has so largely enriched 
the town of Birmingham and increased its fame throughout the 
world. To this we afterwards added the establishment of copper 
works in South Wales. Since the deatn of my friend Mr Elking- 
ton I have restricted myself to my original work as a pen-maker 
and split-ring maker, with an occasional fieviation into other 
employments in which science has been brought to the aid of 


Mr W. Hepwurf DiksoD, r^te from St Jonzberi, Ver* 
mont, in Nervember, last yir : — 

Wbot ar de sikrets oy die artizanz* parades P Wh; is 
de pies 89 klin, de pi pel ser wel hoazd and fed P TV hi ar 
de litel faks so* hel in fes, sor smart in person, and 8€r nit 
in dres P Ol voisez, i am bound tu se, repli tu mi, dat 
diz ^nqznal, jet dezirabel kondijonz in a workmen's 
vilej, sprig from a strikt enfenrsment or de lo prorhibitig 
de sel ov eni spijiz ov intoksiketig drigk. 

ae men ov Vermont, lik dez ov ^der Nordem Stets, 
hav adopted d&t pvblik akt whiQ iz nom tu IggliJ jesters 
and *' ii^ud felerz " vnder de oprebri^s tjtel or de Men 
Lik or Lo. 

SLis strinjent Akt, iz karid out in parts or de Nq Iggland 
Stets wid de vnfliuQig rigor oy an arktik frost. " Wbot 

Digitized by V^UO^ l^ 



27 March, 187fl. 

Pp, Bb; Tt, Dd; 6 q, 

Jj; Kk. Ge,: F f , Vv; R *, ad; Ss, Zz; XJ. X3: Mm, N n, TJ91 

,yu<^e; colfe, gig: femt, valve; brea^A, brea/Ae ; «»uce, aise; »Aip, Muret wairn, noon, eijift 

noerr kud n, ekspekfc?" jirz a pasig strenjer in a rclwekar. 
" Wud n luk for figz on liselz, elk in Brodwe, and tolerc- 
Jon in de norl P Lagk men ar never simpaletik," krjz de 
strenjer. " Luk at diz boni and kadaver^s felcrz — men ol 
nerv and pa/on, b^t widout de indolent gud qmor dat wil 
giv and tek." B^t de hav d^n gret iiiQz" i sry Yea, 
yes — de hay (Jn kwolitiz — ol bed, houever, nor hart. Sins 
de roil 39 in de soul, i kanot help preii) wid Sizar, ' Wud 
de wer fater I' " 

" \X ligk diz Gud Templarz kip der I0 or abstinonsP" 
** Na, not at ol," hi anserz, " meni ov diz Gud Templarz 
ar veri gud tiplerz. Perhaps on Sliper*z Krik de me, in 
89 m degri— d&t iz tu se, de netivz me. Se Frenq artizanz 
and ^ij leborerz wil hay der drigk in sp^t ov ruilz and 

Ser far az [ kan si, de Akt iz stemli karid out on Slip- 

er'z Krik and Pastimsik Biyer. Not a psblik-hous 

ekziets in ol St Jonzberi, nor kan a m^g ov bir, or a glas 

oy w[n, bi pvrqest erpenli bi a gest tu hmm w^n and bir 

ar perrjonz oy hiz deli fuid. Ncr sitizen iz aloud tu yend 

intoksiketig drigk, on eni pretekst or tu eni person. In 

do yilej, wi hay ttii gest^houzez for de entertenment oy 

83Q az kvm and g9 our we ; St Jonzberi Hous, on de rij, 

nir tu de Alenivm ; and Ayenq, Hous, in <le ferst holor 

nir de reiwe stejon. Wi ayoid sisq w^^rdz az tavern and 

hert^l, az tm m^q scvorig ov de bad aid tjmz when everi 

man m^t drigk himself intu de madhous and hiz Qildren 

intu de jel. Our tavern iz a hous. $ iiz de form gest- 

hous, from de klers rezeroblans ov mj, lojigz, in de we ov 

mit and drigk, tu a gest-hous on de Dw^na and de N4I. 

It iz a woter-drigkig hous, and m^t bi kold a woter-kqr. 

Am 71) de merits ov de pies, put out on kardz tu kag de 

^ ov wonderig tmrists in de Vermont vplandz, diz tiJd 

vertqz ar set ferrl — ferst, der iz dr^ er tu brid, and nekst 

der iz gud woter tu drir>k. Doun Soul, wvn hoselri iz 

fsmvs for trout, a sekond for a terapin, a tterd for Madira, 

and a ferrl for Jampen. Na herselri ligks ov advert[zig de 

sidmbriti ov its psinp. Bst in St Jonzberi de wel-spirits 

reu sqpri m. An Amerikan peret ov anvder m^nd kaz svg 

If er [ nil mi doun tu pre, 

mi fes Jal tsrn tvards St Pere— 

bvt tTsq a poet wud perswed nor man tu foler Utn on Slip- 
er'z Erik. Wi ar de vcrtariz ov a sevirer sent. 

Ker bar, ne^ dram-/op, ner salmn def|lz de pies. Nor 
iz. der, I am t^ld, a.siggel gemig hel or hous ov il-repi^t. 
S9 far az mits de ( dis borst iz trui. Wvns, in m^ woks, 
I fansid d«r mjt bi an apenig in do armor or diz Gud 
Templarz. TTjrnig from de foren strit, wher, in spjt ov 
pvblik erpinton, Sak {Jaquos) iz svmwhot kerlea oy hiz 
fens, and Pat iz lezili tolerant ov de sespuil at hiz dorr-step, 
I red a nolis, kolig on de paser-bi^ tu enter de sperrtig and 
stnerkig bazar. Hir, Joirli, der mvst Ivrk sirm sp^s ov 
disipejon. Pasig doun de steps j ai a larj volt, rsnig 
belcr Avenii Hous, and ksnjur 3p vijonz ov Gcete'z wjn- 
keler in L^pzig, de volts ov de Hjliger g^st in Men, and 
our ca svper riumz iu Kovent Garden. Bist on dropig 

doun de steps j Qnd myself in a big empti rmm j de flar 
klin, de wolz brj,t, wid a smol kiosk in wvn korner for de 
sel ov sigdrz and sig&rets, at whig a n[s lukig matron wets 
for k38tomerz, hm ar sler tu k^Jm. ** Se s^fer i^ tu sel 
tabaker, madam ?*' " Yes, ser, for de prezent. Ssm ar 
bent on putig doun de sel, Ijk d4t ov bir and jin ; a lek- 
tqrer woz hir s»m n^ts ager ; and in a yir or sa de me 
obten a klir majoriti ov verts." " Vir tred wil den bi f^on ?** 
" Yes, klirli.*' " U ar, perhaps, de last ov ol qr res P" 
" Wei, sum wT5n must bi last in everi^ig, [ ges." ^ liv 
her, wid a ful konvikjon dat der'lvrks ner larj amount ov 
wikednes in dis sperrtig and smerkig baz^r. 

ae kcs iz hard for men bui hav not helpt tu pas de Bil 
enforrsig abstinens b^ to. Ser nnsq dependz on \\r konsent I 
A nekles iz a priti lig tu wer ; but not a nekles svg az 
G^rl, de Sakson, worr— fikst round hiz Iret bi fo-rs. 

For m^ part, [ hav past Irui meni k^ntriz, and bin 
brerken tu de wez ov meni men. $ hav iten ^s wid de 
Bruis ov Lebanon, and sukt a woter-melon wid a Kergiz 
qif; drsgk kwas wid de arkimandrit ov Pejersk, and 
gvlpt de dregz ov a tagk wid an Arab £ik ; tested, 3n- 
witigli, de soltnes ov de Ded Si, and JrTsgk wid ladig 
from de nojus mz ov de Biter Krik. $ hav lapt de M jl, 
and liggerd bi de fountenz ov Loja. In de absens ov win, 
i kan drigk woter wid a Gud Templar, and liv in kvmfort 
on ti and milk. Bvt an Oksenian nir mi, rird on fut-bol 
ground and kriket fild, rekwirz bir. ** Kan q, get mi a 
pint ov el P" It iz a krmjial test, and i regard de weter'z fes, 
wbil simig not tu no-tis him. *' Wei, ser, it me bi got." 
** clen brig mi sijm." " Yjbs, ser ; but i'l tek sum tira ; i hav 
tu send for it." " Tu send for it— wher from P" " From 
de Komijoner'z." ** Pre, hm iz dis Komijoner P'* ** Hm iz 
dis Komijoner P" ** Yes, yes ; ekskqz mi for de kwestion, 
i am but a strenjer in diz parts." " cle Komijoner, ser, 
iz de toun o6ser, apointed bi lo tu sel poizonz, az i hav 
herd qr drugistz ar in Lundon." " Veri gud ; den get 
mi a pint hotel ov de poizon kold Bas'ez pel el." 

lie weter disapirz ; but in a merment hi retumz wid 
pen and peper in hiz hand. " JJi m^st bi kind enuf tu 
rit an order for de el, and sin \\r nem tu it for rekord." 
"Sin mi nem for whot ?" "For rekord, ser; de Toun 
Komijoner iz bound tu enter on hiz buks do nem ov everi- 
wun tu huim hi ijqz from hiz sterr a hotel ov bir." " tlen 
i Jal hav a pies in de arkivz ov St Jonzberi for mi sinz." 
"<Ie el wil sertenli bi persted agenst \\,** hi rejoinz ; seig 
whig de man pops out ov de do-r. Diner iz nirli dun when 
hi kumz bak leden wid a kupel ov pint botelz, lebeld wid 
do nem and mark ov Bas. " H hav bin log in kumig, b3t 
qr qif apirz tu bi a liberal felo*. Wi rekwir a pint ; 
hi sendz a kwort." " cIo fakt iz, ser," de weter anserz 
wid a lir, " it's mi doiig. cler ar tm ov q. in ol ; wun 
pint iz litel enuf for wun ; and our Komijoner der not 
serv q a sekond tim tu-de. ^ tald him de order ment 
wun pint for iq." 

Mi orn inkwiriz satisQ mi dat de man iz rit. Intoksi- 

Digitized by 


27 March, 1875. 



LI, Kr: Ww, Yy, Hh.— Aa, Hb; E e, 8 c; I i, Li: O o, O o; "5^ 3, O e; U u, TU m. *i, Uh- 

/uW, roarx »»y, jrea, *ay. — pat, almai pet, age; p«t, eat: pot, all; but, ©Id; p»t, oose. my, new. 

ketig drinks ar klast wid poizonz, s^q as lodan^m and 
arsenik ; b?t az poizonz me bi nidcd in a sivil^zd k^ntri, 
^nder a s^entifik sistem ov mcdisiD, lodani^m and arsenik 
ar permited tn bi seld in everi 8iyil|zd Stet. S'sq iz hir 
de kes wid brandi, bir, and w^n. A psblik ofiser iz 
apoinled b^ a p^blik vert. 3e toun lez in a stok ov brandi, 
bir, and wjn, whig iz kerfuli rejisterd in buks, and kept 
^nder lok and ki. 3!iz prizonz ar derld oat at de diskre- 
Jon OT dis o6ser in smol kwontitiz, veri misq az dedli 
nitjcd and n^ka Tomika ar dald out bj a London drsgist. 
'•Kanotxi get a botel ov Keniak for i^r privet us?" 3? 
ask Kernel Ferbagks. " 3B kan send mi order," hi repljz, 
*• for a pjnt ov Kerniak ; it wil bi sent tu mi ov kors ; 
b^t mj order for it wil bi Qld, and de deliveri enterd on 
de p^lik buks for everiw^n tu sj." ** U, Qnd dat sistem 
ruder inkwizit^rial, dui i^ not?" "Wei, ner; it iz in- 
tended for de komon gud, and everiwun submits tu whot 
iz for de gud ov ol. Wi frili vert de lo, and frili kip de 
lo. Bst for mjself de ruil iz a ded leter, sins ner intoksi- 
ketig drigk ever enterz m^ hous." 

In go-ig ^rui de milz, i nertis de several klasez ov artizanz. 
F^v hundred men ar toilii) in de vcriva rmmz. cle wurk 
iz merstli hard ; in sum departments veri hard. c£e hit iz 
ofen gret. From seven o'klok til twelv, from wun o'klok 
til seven — ten our« ig dc— de men ar at der persts. 3e 
rcnj ov hit and kald iz tr^ig. for de sumer sun iz firs, de 
winter frost iz kin. TXr ordinari sitizen kanot liv drui de 
sumcr hits widout a trip tu Lck Eamplcn and de Adiron- 
dak mountenz. Yet de men engejd in diz maniifaktoriz 
ov skelz ar sed tu drigk na bir, ner whiski, and ner jin. 
Drigkig and smerkii) ar not aloud on de premisez. Sug 
orderz m^t bi ernli ment for diaiplin, but [ am terld dat 
diz Qv hundred wurkmen riali never test a drop ov jder 
bir or jin. Her drigk iz woter, der delit iz ti. Yet everi- 
wun ajoirz mi dat de wurk wel, enjoi gud hell, and liv 
az log az personz ov der klas emploid on farmz. " 8.iz 
men," i ask, "hm rek de furnesez, hm kari de burni^ 
metalz, and hm stand about de krmsibelz — kan de ger on 
ul de widout der bir?" He never test a drop, and never 
ask tu hav a drop. Her iz a kan ov woter nir dem ; de 
][k de test ov woter beter dan de fi^m ov el, and dm der 
wurk ni<Tr stedili widout sug fqmz." 

In fakt, i Qnd dat diz intelijent kraftsmen ar de worm- 
est adverkets ov de prijhibitiv likor lo. He verted for it 
at de outset ; de hav verted for it ever sins. Lg yir ov 
Irjal mcks dem merr fanatikal in its fevor. Sins de Akt 
kem intu fors, nq, klozez hav bin aded bj de Stet Lejisle- 
tqr. Parti kwestionz ofen turn on dis likor lo, and diz 
intelijent wurkmen olwez vet for daz hui promis tu eks- 
tend its operejonz. He wud gladli kruj de sel ov intoksi- 
ketig likorz wuns for ol, and j am led tu fansi dat sum ov 
dem wud not hezitet tu mek de sel a kapital ofens. 

"Tisi," sez Kurnel Ferbagks, ** wi ar a nerves and 
rihcment res. Our cr iz drj and kwik ; our l[f an ager 
and unslipig ges. When wi wsrk, wi «urk hard. When 

wi drigk, wi drigk dip. It iz natural dat when wi absten, 
wi Jud absten wid rigor." 

" Ar der no* prertests P" " Nun, or nekst tu nun ; az 
yir and yir gez bj, mer personz kum tu si de benefits or 
our rml. He men hm formerli dragk merst, ar nou de 
stangest frendz ov our reform. Hiz men, hm list tu dres 
in ragz, ar groig rig. Meni ov dem liv in der ern houzez. 
He atend der gurgez, and der gildren ger tu skml." 

Hiz fakts ar not tu bi suprest b; Jrugz and snirz. It iz 
an izi lig tu snir, and sum unkonjus komedi turnz up at 
everi korner tu prerverk a laf. *' Cfbljj mi," i entrit m^ 
Berber best, when gerig tu bed, " wid a glas ov serda-woter." 
" Sori, ser ; wi hav nun in de hous." ** Wfaj not ? Ar 
diz intoksiketig drigks prohibited bj lo?" **Cfh, ner; de 
sel dem at de drugist's Jop." ** Hen pliz to get mi suTh." 
" Ekski^z mi, ser, it iz tm let; de drugist's Jop iz, klezd.*' 
He fakt iz so-. Turnig tu m^ herst, i ask him whj hi duz 
not kip sug 4igz az seda-woter and seltser-woter for sel. 
*• Wi hav ner kustomerz for dem. Ges it's pipel hm drigk 
brandi dat merstli ask for serda-woter !" 

Sud a tipsi strenjor bi teken in d^^ strit (az Bumtjraz 
hapenz, der de kes iz rer), hi iz sizd Ijk a stre dogki, run 
intu a pound, and kept apart til hi haz slept awe de fqmz 
ov hiz abominabel dratp. An ofiser den inkwjrz wher hi 
got biz drigk. On telig, hi iz set fri, and de person hoi ' 
serld de likor iz arested, tr^d and punijt for de man'z ofens. 
He vendor, not de bjer, iz responsibel for dis brig ov 
moral order. It iz just de sem, wheder de person, supl[ig 
de likor selz it or givz it awe; ser dat a man entertenig 
hiz frendz at diner haz tu stand befcfr de Majistret and 
anser for de perst-prandial kondukt ov hiz several gests. 
Wun kan imajin hou dis rml iz Ijkli tu premet gud feler- 
Jip round de mahogani tri ! 

Hiz drobaks me bi teken of de sum ov publik benefits. 
Whot den remenz P He wurkman'z parades remenz ; a 
vilej whig haz ol de aspekt ov a garden ; a vilej in whig 
meni ov de wurkmen ar enerz ov rial estet; a vilej ov 
nirli 5,000 inhabilants, in whig de moral order iz iven 
merr konspikqus dan de matirial prosperiti; a vilej in 
whig everi man akounts it hiz hjest dqti and hiz personal 
interest tu obzerv de lo. Ner oloriti iz vizibel in St 
Jonzberi. Ner polisman woks de strits — on ordinari dez 
der iz nulig for a polisman tu dm.- Siks kunstabelz ar 
enrald for dqti, but de men ar ol at wurk in de skel 
maniifaktoriz, and ernli don der uniform on spejal dez tu 
mek a litel j&. 

Sura part and perhaps de larjer part, ov diz benefisent 
rezults, must bi asjnd tu de platform skel— dat spejal in- 
dustri whig siks out kwik and stedi men, and bj rewordig 
dem beyond de ordinari ret ov wejez, helps dem tu gr<T 
rig. A hous and garden stedi a man, az if bi majik. But 
de lo ov abstinens kem in, ner dout, tu harden and kom- 
plit de wurk. 

On lukig up-and doun de strits, sa luvli in de mranlit, 
and on weig ol de vizibel rezultz agenst mj lak ov sada- 
woter, and iyen agenst de diner-giver *z responsibiliti for 
hiz gests, i sip mi bro-ken js, and ger tu bed, wid a mer 
kindli filig terardz de prinsipcl ov de A^ermont Likor Lo. 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 



27 March, 1875. 


ae S3bjekt ot de Jibrolter Konvikt Prizon woz risentli 
brot beferr de Hous ov Lordz bj Lord Aberder, de let 
Ham Sekretari, an ekselent stetfunao, l^rerli akwented 
wid de 87bjekt, and wid de moral ivilz ov de debesig 
korspJoQ tu whig de prizonerz ar Bsbjekted in dat larj 
koggregeted establijment. Hi derfeyr urjd de aboUJon 
OF de prizon. Lven de Direkterz ov Konvikt Prizonz, 
bca ar ii3uaU veri slor tu svjest eoi genjez, bar, in der 
laBt Reptrrt, rekomended de klezig ov d4t establijment, 
and menii on moral groundz. ae ofiserz ov de prizon 
apir qnanimss in koudemig its perni/vs gag sistem. ae 
Gvverner, in biz letest Report, spiks ov *' de most fil5i 
and blasfemss laggwej wbig iz prevalent wid a gret 
number " ov de konvikts, and adz dat ** de rePorma- 
tori element simz tu disapir oltugeder." aiz stetments 
ar konfermd b^ a sirJz ov leterz, p^blijt risentli in de 
Olasgn Herald, riten bj an eks-worder ov Jibrolter Prizon. 
Hi ritsov de gen gagz : — ** ae herdig tugeder ov sa meni 
hardend kriminalz iz a dounrjt Jem and disgres tu eni 
sivil^zd komi^nili. Insted ov mekig a man beter, it meks 
bim a ^ouzandfcrld w?frs, and wben bi iz agen tsrnd luis 
on ses^eti, hi iz merr redi dan ever tu rezq^m biz erld 
habits." It m^t hav bin s^perzd dat b3Q stetments az diz 
wud hav wed sjfijentli wid ol hui herd dem tu pro-dqs 
an immidiet desison in fevor ov de ktrvs rekomended b^ 
Lord Aberder, and ebli s^perrted b^ Erl Gre. Bttt ne! 
ae Di^k ov Kembrij, az reprezentig de militari oloritiz, 
atoutli operzd de remmval ov de kouvikts, bekcoz dcr lebor 
woz nided on de fortiBkeJonz ! It plizez 6oz oloritiz tu 
west an imens amount ov msni and lebor in h3uikaimig 
de gret Rok and fesig it wid mesonri in ol maner ov fan- 
tastik wez — az if tu dev^z az meni medz ov disperzig ov 
BritiJ taksez az de kan posibli konsiv. ae fortres ov 
Jibrolter itself iz n^der strogger nor wiker for diz manip- 
Hlejonz. Bst de prerses pasez a strim ov gcrld Irm ofijal 
handz. Scr it m^st, ov kers, bi mentend. And tu dis 
end de konvikt lebor iz med subservient, older for praktikal 
pvrposez de m^t az wel bi okqp^d in " fortiQig " de gret 
mountenz ov de SpaniJ Sieraz. Hens de ar kept in a sort 
ov korvplig pest-hous at de Rok. ae Di^k and de militari 
apir 3terli rekles ov de h^er and spiritual interests ov de 
konvikts. ae we in whig der klemz on a Kristian k^ntri, 
for ol pvrposez ov reformejon and restore/on tu vertq, 
wer igno'rd b^ de Di(k, iz, or ot tu bi, a Jok tu de moral 
sens ov de nejon. And it iz gretii tu bi lamented dathiz 
pegan-l[k spig apird tu outwe de w^z and Kristian argq,- 
ments ov Lord Aberder and Erl Gre. It iz an^sder 
melankoli il^jstrejon ov de frikwent indiferens ov de mili- 
tari mjnd tu de klemz ov relijon and ov de moral interest 
ov de selz ov men— and ov de poziti^ hostiliti ov militari 
maksimz, iven in de h^est kworterz, tu de oloriti Ov de 
Div^n Hed ov de Kristian Gsrg. — Herald ov Pis. 

Kahmni med Usful. — i am behvlden tu kaUmni, dat /i hai so 
endevord and tekea pens tu bel} mi. It /al mek mi set a Juirer gard 
on misolf, and kip a beter woq spon mi ak/onz. -Ben Jonson. 


3^AAin in a/ oAen t/of^z, 
i/an^tn an ae nrt^ert A^pz, 
1^'/^ fA 8e ^i/e/ren'z /ep 
<otS a aou/tn Ae/k rep/ 
at'/e/tj^ ii*n ae 4roden 4a4 
UAtB a ^i,nt dvnoAtn Act y 
^/iv o^ ah a/iumin /u^uepz 
//r(/ij^ ^L^/i 4rmtP w^uepz/ 
A^Aij^ «^ <& ^ep(/c'z ne^^ 
in Be meAe/z /aA 4pe4^ / 
aH4erin taia a A/ezan^ utA toe/HYtn /pan* ao apuA / 
^^y Aa^/i en Be mAc/z, 
fl^y^ fA Be f/^i aAi/z / 
j^/»^ A^wa/c Be 4em 
on Be /e(/i an</ Be (/em, 
an Be man/an'z 4^e^u no-Zz, 
ane/ Be 4,a/€^ep'z aep §uo/z/ 
me/lta €1^ Be e/apKe^^ A/eJ 
<otB a a/erira ve/'oit 9^^^ y'— 
Bim Be a^noAmz e/eu Aep 
on Be epfi Bep aa/aen 4^p, 
a/a(/entn of fiiyz lacBBep /pv, 
</fon /pofn 4Ao/e<i §ue/z aei^v. 

—Ema C. BiM. 

Berdz az Frendx and Fez. — ar tij(i kinds or herds eape/ali 
vali^abel, de wudpeker and do kukui. cle ferst rvns vp de trsgk ot de 
tri, pikig out ol de katerpilarz, wosps, aud hornets, den taps de bark 
tu aserten if dcr bi eni eneini Isrkig in de intirior. Wvns on de sent, 
hi terz of a pis ov bark, and hulaz a spot xntil hi rigez de larva hi 
iz in serq ot. TTntortiinetli de ignorant destroi dis bord on de pli dat 
de hcrlz hi meks ar detrimental tu de tri ; b!(t dis iz vn founded, az hi 
neTer atdks eni bvt deked wud, and prerents de sprod ov de maladi. 
3.e kukui fids prinsipali on de hjari katerpilarz, whiq sder berdx 
aToid; and it iz sed dat, in 1847, a p^n forest in Pomerrnia woz sevd 
b\ a fl^t OT migretir) kukuiz, whiq instold demselvz for ssm jriks, and 
klird it koraplitli ot de katerpilarz, whig abounded der. 3er swit and 
plentiT n9t is olwes welkvm az de harbinjer ot sprig. Ifamvg de 
smolest tribz ov berdz, der ar S5m whig liv on gren, der ar nvn whiq 
dui not redim de damej de dvs koz bi de servises de render in de- 
stroiig insekts. Nor mvst it bi iraajind dat a herd iz injuiriss wher 
it Htz on sidz emli, for it Ana deatroiz a gret meni widz. Pijonz, whig 
ar ekskluisivli granirorvs, dui it de whit; bst in eksqenj de konsi^m 
de sidz ot fenel, popi, spxrj, and vdcr trsbelsvm planti. Whilst de 
ar tre3urd in Iggland and Beljism, diz berdz ar Jot doun in vder 
ksntriz widout piti. 3.e sparer, tui, whiq haz resivd 89 msq maledik- 
Jon, iz ikwali i^sful wil ofeu kari tu der nest forti katerpilarz an our, 
or i^ri iouzand a wik. 3ss it hapend dat in de env^ronz ot Viena, 
when OTori lopltiveter woz oblyd tu pe a taks ov tth sparer hedz, de 
trie OT de distrikts wer doTourd hi katerpilarz, and it woz found ne- 
sesari tu revvk de \o.~€emherz' ez Jvnwl. 

Digitized by 


3 April, 1876. 



l^mttk imtml, 

8ATUBDAT, Zrd APBIL, 1876. 

We regret to be compelled again to issue for two or three weeks 
an B'paged Journal, whieh we must get printed off the premises, 
fchile removing our printing machine, and getting a neto boiler and 
engine, shafting, etc, to work. All advertisements will be suspended 
for this time. 


BRISTOL Shortuand Weitbes* Association. From J, II. 
A. Stamp, Secretary, 131 City road. — The annual meeting of the 
members of this Association was held on Wednesday, 17 March, 
at St Jameses schools, the Barton, when there was a full attend- 
ance of members. The Report of the Committee for the past year 
was read by the Secretary. It congratulated the members upon 
the steady progress made, the numW of members on the 23 Feb. 
bein? forty-eight, showing a net increase during the year of 17. 
A full and detailed account was then given of tie various branches 
of work done, and the general advancement of the Association, 
with special reference to the establishment of tie." Argus " jour- 
nal, which it was reported was making excellent progress, and 
that the Committee were anticipating before long to issue it as 
a lithographed, instead of a manuscript, journal. Three certifi- 
cates of proficiency had been granted during the year," namely, 
one for 80, and two for 150 words per minute, the recipients 
haying passed the required test most satisfactorily. A very mter- 
esting and exhaustive report was concluded by urging th^ mem- 
bers to relax none of their efforts to maintain ihe Association in 
the position to which it had now attained, not only in Bristol it- 
self, but also among the other kindred Asscciations Chroughout 
the kingdom. 

COLCHESTER. Prom Castle Eames.—A meeting of Col- 
chester phonographers will be held at the rooms of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, on Friday evening, 16th April. All 
are invited to attend. The meeting will commence at 8 o'clock. 

EDINBURGH. Scottish Phonoobapuio Association. — ^The 
meetings of this Association are held in the Oddfellows' Hall, 
Forrest road, on Tuesday evenings, at 8.30. Phono^aphers in 
Edinburgh, who are not yet members of the Association, are in- 
"vited to join. 


April 6— Reporting practice, conducted by R. A. Hay, 
„ 13— „ „ „ W. Mackintosh. 

„ 20— „ „ „ D. G. Thomson. 

„ 27— Essay, " Wordsworth," 0. S. Romanes. 
May 4 — Reporting practice, condaoted by J. Comer. 
,» 11^ ,, „ „ J. M. Warden. 

9f 18 — „ „ „ C. S. Romanes. 

„ 25— Essay, '* Man's position with reference to alcoholic 
liquors,*' A. Walker. 
June 1 — Reporting practiee, couducted by Ferguson. 
„ 8 — „ „ „ J. D. Moncnr. 

„ 15— „ „ „ J. B. Hogg. 

„ 22— „ „ „ J. M. Warden. 

„ 29— Annual General Meeting. 
LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writers' Association.— At 
the weekly meeting held on the 18th March, after the usual re* 
porimg practice, the President took the chair, and the rest of the 
evening was devoted to impromptu irpeaking, which was carried 
oat in the following manner. The different subjects to be spoken 
opon were written on slips of paper, and each speaker, when called 
upon, came forward and drew the paper, and immediately com- 
menced to spcAk on the subject. The subjects were as follows : 1 . 
** Should capital punishment be abolished P" Mr Hopwood. 2. 
<< Who are to blame for the look-out in South Wales ?" Mr Hurry. 
3. <*l8 the flogsing of criminals commendable P" MrHoare. 4. 
" If the xeTvnS of Bhakespeiian ^ys calcuUted to impiove the 

morals of the stage P' Mr Moore. 5. " How can this Association 
be made more beneficial ?" Mr Cope. 

Some excellent criticisms followed the different speeches. 

LEGDS Shorthand Writers' AssooiatioV. From /. TT//- 
kinson, Secretary, 4 Robert's place, Burley la^m. — Our Associa- 
tion still continues in a very prosperous condition. The meetings 
are well attended, and appear to give great satisfaction to the 
members, who join very heartily in the reporting practice, which 
is now given everv Friday evening for at least twenty minutes. 
On the 12th March Mr Singleton called the attention of the mem- 
bers to the benefits derived by members of the Association in ob- 
taining sitimtions as corresponding or shorthand clerks. Manu- 
facturers occasionally made applications to him, as vice-president 
of the Association, for clerks. 

On Fridav evening, 19th March, after the usual reporting 
practice conducted by Mr Singleton, and the general business of 
the Association had been gone through, a very able and interesting 
essay was read bjr Mr John Dean, on " Popular Amusements.*' 
After a few preliminary remai'ks, in which Mr Dean stated his 
belief that the national character and moral state of a country was 
indicated to a great extent by its amusements, he proposed to give 
a brief but interesting sketch of the most popular amusements of 
the day, and to consider the effect they were likely to have — whe- 
ther beneficial or otherwise — on the population of the country. 

Amongst other amusements Mr Dean noticed theatres, concert 
halls, billiard rooms, horse-racing, etc., and endeavored to show 
that the general tendency of these amusements as conducted at 
present was, with few exceptions, to promote idle and dissipated 
habits and general depravity of principles and manners, and con- 
tended that the way to obviate and counteract these evil effects 
was by cultivating and improving the moral tone of the nation by 
means* of education, and thereby raising their thoughts and ideas 
far above their present level, and urged that if this object should 
be accomplished and the tabtee of tne people refined they would 
then find ample recreation and relaxation, and accordingly appre- 
ciate at their proper value more rational amusements than were 
now indulged in — amusements which would be far less ruinous to 
health, happiness, and general prosperity. 

The essay was followed by a warm and animated discussion, in 
which the majority of members present took an active part. The 
following programme was drawn up for the summer months : — 

April 2— Essay, " Character," by Mr C. J. Qummerson. 

May 7— Lecture, " Self-Culture," J. Wilkinson. 

June 4 — Paper, " British Constitution," J. Scholefi^ld. 

July 2 — Lecture, " Work versus Genius," J. H. Gibson. 

Aug. 6~Essay, " The Future of the English Language,'' J. H. 

Sept 3— Paper, ** A Brief Sketch of ibe History of the Church 
of England," J. W. Pattison. 

The Meetings are held at the Toung Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, South parade, on the first Friday evening in each month 
during the summer, commencing at 8 o'clock for business; 8.10 
reportmg practice ; 8.30 to 10 o'clock for lectures, essays, discus- 
sions, etc. 

3 Arthington A. Miss, ctre of Miss Milne, The Mount, Dkley, nesr Leeds 
t Atkinson T. R., 8 Bzohange buildings, Liirerpool 
3 Carker M. B. Miss, care of Miss Mibie, The Mount, Dkley, near Leeds 
t Comer James, 1 Park street, Edinburgh 
3 Cross Bamest, 61 RyUnd street, North, Birmingham 
* 1 Drew Edmund, IS WeUierell road, South Haokney, London 
8 Forster Lind Miss, oare of Miss Milne, The Mount, Ilklej, near Leeds 
t Qreg<Try R. C, The Elms, Great Warley, Brentwood, Essex 
3 Haward S. Montetth, Minsden College ra., Harrow-on>the-Hill, Middlesex 
1 1 Hodder Henry, Lord GrauTille's Colliery offices, Hanley, Stoke.on- Trent 
3 Hudson Baker, Victoria House, Coatham, Bedoar, Torks. 
3 Legge B. T. Miss, Ely Lodge. Parish Gill road, Illdey, near Leeds 
3 Milne J. H. D. Miss, care of Miss Milne, The Mount, Ilkley, near Leeds 
3 O'Dohorty Patrick, Post Office, Ballymoney : clerk 
3 Robinson M. Miss, oare of Miss Milne, The Mount, Ukley, near Leeds 
3 Rhodes A. Miss, ditto 
3 Smith M. Miss, ditto 

3 Taylor Sarah Miss, Seaforth, Ontario, Canada 
3 Wiloox £. Miss, oare of Miss Milne, The Mount, Ilkley, near Leeds 

AttraOons qf Addrets. 
Anthony J. B., Jirou 2 Lanadowne terrace to Arboretum house, Worcester 
Murray Norman, J^nm Cark>way to South DeU Kesi, By Stomowar, Lewis 
Johnson 0. L., from 4 Clarvndon street to 27 Barle street, Oambridge 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 



3 April, 1875. 

Mr A. A. Hunt. 80 C»rltoa road, Mile End, London, E., is detiroiu of 
oorrefp<MidinK witn a phonognpher in elementary Greek and Latin for mu- 
tnal improrement. 

Mr CfaaUe Bamee, 1 Priory terrace, Coldiester, has vaoancies on the 
postal list of ereroireolators written in each of the three Styles of Phono- 
ffraphy. The sobeoription to each is 1/ per annom, and all paper found by 
Uie oondootor. 

OwTM^a.— Page 123, for Bawshome, Jan., read Bawsthome, Wm.,' jnn. 

On a perusal of Mr Moor*8 pamphlet, <* The Future of the 

Phonetic Society," lately advertiBed on the wrapper of this Jour- 
nal, we must confess to a feeling of disappointment. Perhaps we 
deserved the disappointment in expecting too much, forgetting the 
apocryphal heatitude, '* Blessed are they that expect nothing, for 
they shall not he disappointed." The pamphlet^ on seeing the 
liffht, shrinks to a tract of eight 8yo. pages, containing six pages 
of reading. It is certainly a large page, set off with a wide mar- 
gin. The tract appears to he a sort of indictment of the editor of 
this Journal, as SMsretary of the Phonetic Society, for not doing 
more than he has done for the Phonetic Refonn. Suppose some- 
one should call upon the writer of the tract to show cause why he 
should not he pronounced guilty of writing many longhand letters 
in the common spelling instead ot writing them, as a spelling re- 
former, phonetically. The case would he a parallel one. Every- 
one must confess, as we do for ourselves, that we cannot do all 
we would. 

The head and front of our offence is given at the hack of the 
tiUe-i>age in the quotation of a notice from this Journal, page 110, 
referring to the causes which have delayed, and still delay, the 
preparation and printing of the Annual List of the Phonetic So- 
ciety for this year. No very serious consequences can arise from 
this. The Phonetic Society is estahlished, first, to give aid to 
learners of Phonography ; and secondly^ every memher engages 
to work in every possible way for the introduction of phonetic 
spelling. Each number of this Journal, which may be bought 
for !<<., contains the names of many phonographers, members of 
the Society, who will be glad to receive learners' lessons for cor- 
rection. After quoting the notice to the readers of the Fhonetie 
Journal to which we have referred, Mr Moor observes : ** It will 
thus be seen how difficult it is for Mr Pitman to attend to the 
business of the Phonetic Institute, and to fulfil the duties of Sec- 
retary and Treasurer to the Phonetic Society. There b«ing no 
other official connected with the Society, how can any progress 

Being thus called upon, we wDl, in self defence, mention a few 
of the many and serious hindrances which have obstructed, for 
the last three months, our usually punctual performance of desk 
work. 1. The removal of the plant of a large printing establish- 
ment to new premises. This removal extended over six weeks. 
The book department was removed first, commencing early in 
December. It was necessary to continue printing the Journal 
at the old office tUl the end of the year, while an engine, boiler, 
and printinjg machine, (the latter weighing five tons, and requiring 
a walled pit underneath,) were being erected at tiie new office. 
2. We had to work in the new office together with the carpenters, 
who were employed in the interior fittings, whUe the masons were 
still employed on the outside ofthe house, for two months. 8. We 
have now to remove the printing machine to another part of the 
premises, make a new walled mt for it, and turn one ofthe under- 
ground arches in front of the Institute into a habitable room for 
the workmen and the machine. This work has now been in 
progress a fortnight, and it will take another fbrtni^ht to complete 
it. It is found that the noise caused by the printmg machine is 
■o great as to constitute a " nuisance" to the occupier of No. 8 
Kingston buildings : it is heard in every room of ms house. 4. 
Impediments have arisen from having to use a boiler that leaks. 
A small leakage was discovered soon after its erection. It was 
speedily enlarged by use, and the fire that is kept up to generate 
steam to drive the machine is rendered ineffective by ti^e leakage 
of the boiler to such an extent that we can work but one or two 
hours, and then have to stop to get up steauL The boiler cannot 
be repaired without being taken down ; we have therefore had a 
new boiler set, in another part of the building, and a new engine 
made. We are promised that the new engine shall be at woric in a 
fortnight from this data, 22 MaroL 5. We hare alrMdy men- 

tioned the fact that it was necessary to take our formes of type to 
Fi^ome in order to get the Journal printed during the first two 
weeks of this year, and afterwards to take them to a printer in 
Bath for anotner fortnight. All this occupied tiifie on our part, 
which, under ordinary circumstances, woidd have been spent at 
the desk. 6. The severe weather which prevailed for about a 
month at the end of December and the beginning of January made 
any kind of work, and especially desk work, in a new, unsettled, 
and unwarmed office, extremely difficult. ^ We all had to work in 
Qur hats and great coats for about a fortnight, before we could get 
a stove fixed. 7. The training of five new hands to perform the 
extra work of the office^ at the printing machine, and in the book 
department 8. An increase of work of all kinds, caused by an 
increased demand for books this winter, and the large number of 
letters received during December, January, and February, in con- 
nection with the subscriptions of members of the Phonetic Society. 
These hindrances have prevented us from even reading the long 
letters, many of them accompanied with orders for books, tiiat 
have come in from Canada, the United States, and Victoria, during 
the last three months. We are now slowly wading through this 
mass of correspondence, and entreat our mends' forbearance for 
keeping them waiting. They will do well to observe the rde that 
necessarily obtains here, — that short letters get answered quickly 
while long ones have to wait tUl there is time to read them. 

When per^bns take upon themselves to be censorious they ought 
to be weU acquainted with all the circumstances that they deem 

censurable. The ^t of Mr Moor*s complaint, which he italicises 
in the first page, is that " the members of the Society have no 
voice in Uie direction ofthe Society's affairs.*' Tha% are no 
affairs to direct beyond the expenditure of the subscriptiona of 
such members as choose to renew their membership after entering 
the Society. The Society is managed without cost to the mem- 
bers, and meir subscriptions, amounting to about £100 a year, are 
?>ent^ first, in supplying professional lecturers and teachers of 
bonography with D(X)ks at half-price, to enable them to make a 
living oy the reform ; and secondly, in pajdng half the cost of 
printing tracts on the reform, which are given gratuitously to the 
purchasers of books. If any member, or non-member, can suggest 
a more serviceable plan for expending the Sooietv's funds, we 
shall be happy to adopt it. We do not want a very large Phonetic 
Society. It would be an unnecessary tax on our time to print, 
and on the pockets of purchasers to buy, a list of even 10,000 
names of members annually, — three or four times the present 
number. Mr Moor makes it a cause of reproach to us that some 
of the old members do not renew their subscriptions. It is well 
that they do not, but retire, that new ones may take their 
places. Efforts for the reform are not more effective because the 
doer has his name in the annual List. It is not to be supposed 
that because a person fails to renew his subscription at the doae 
of the year that he therefore ceases to labor for the good cause. 
We should indeed regret to have to compile and print an annual 
List of members extending to about 200 pages, four times the sixe 
of the present list Amid the haziness of Mr Moor*s views there 
comes a ray of light in the following quotation : — 

<* Whatever may be the opinion of members- respecting Mr Pit- 
man's labors, there is no doubt that he has acted m a tiioroughly 
constitutional manner. A oonespondent recentiy wrote to me in 
this wise: — 

** * To whom does the present— 1 874 — ^Phonetic Institute belong ? 
To whom does its appurtenances belong P Who pays the men 
their wages P Who conducts all business, lithograpns the boolu, 
etc. P Certainly, Isaac Pitman. Does he ask people to pay any 
entrance fee to have a $har$ in the management of affitirs P Cer- 
tainly not ; he never says that they will be shareholders and have 
a voice in its management Well, then, what on earth are they 
clamoring about P If they will not be content with things as they 
are they must just step their subscriptions — there is no other 
remedy. I do not defend Mr Pitman's conduct in the least, but 
I say that under present circumstances, no one has the slightest 
right to object to the manner in which he manages his business, 
for it is entirely his own. It would be the worst thing anybody 
could do to try and start an opposition society, so it is needleas to 
cry out for one. The Phonographic Alliance fidled, the Phono- 
graphic Congress failed, and so would any similar sooietiet.' " 
wt an sometimes aiked by oorreepondmts, << What advantage 

Digitized by 


3 April, 1875. 



will it be to me to become a member of the Phonetic Society ?" 
Our reply has been, «* The opportunity of conferring a benefit, 
which IS greater tiian that of receiving one. You may have gra- 
tuitous teaching from the Society without joining it, and when 
you have learned Phonography you may become a member and 
assist others in the same manner." The Phonetic Society is a 
benevolent Literary Association for the extension of Phonography, 
and thus, as well as by other means, of extending Spelling Reform. 

" I do not deny," says Mr Moor, ** the logic of the writer " of 
the above letter, ** or the justness of his remarks, but whether the 
subscriptions of the members is bdnajide business money, I should 
not like to assert" 

The subscriptions of the Society axe not at all "business money." 
An account is kept and published of every shilling received, and 
its expenditure is accounted for, but it is now six years since a 
balance sheet was presented. (See Phonetie Journal, 1869, page 
51.) Certainly this is not like business. In former times, when 
the expense of punches for the new phonotvpic letters was charged 
to the Fund, we purposely made out a balance sheet but seldom, 
in order that we might take upon ourselves the expense of all the 
punches that turned out failures — and they were many, at a guinea 
each. The previous balance sheet extended over seventeen years, 
and we do not remember any complaint on that score, for it was 
known that for every pound which was subscribed by the Society 
for the propagation of the reform, we expended two or three our- 
selves out of the profits of Phonography. It so happened that in 
about a year after the last balance sheet was drawn up, the letter 
" V " was discarded. This letter, which had been cut in all the 
fonts, and had been in use four years, cost the Phonetic Fund 
eighteen guineas for the punches, the supply of type being paid 
for by the printer. Had the balance sheet been delayed another 
year, we shoiUd have borne this loss ourselves, but " d " being con- 
sidered a standard letter in 1869, when it was rejected in 1870 we 
tJlowed the loss to fall on the Fund. This reason for delay does 
not now hold good, for no new form has been adopted or discarded 
in the phonetic alphabet since May, 1870. It is merely the daily 
pressure of work that mmt be dond that causes the delayjof mat- 
ters that are not of urgent necessity at the moment. 

" I am ^uite willing to grant," says Mr Moor, " that the use 
of the Society is financially to assist Mr Pitman to publish his 
text books and other phonetic books, from which persons may 
learn and obtain practice in the use of the system." The phono- 
graphic text books and the phonetic reading books are published 
indq;)endently of the Society and its funds. It is true that by 
the exertions of members more books are sold than would be with- 
out their assistance; Does not Mr Moor know that the sale of 
phonographic and phonotypic books is the same thing as the pro- 
gress of tne reform ? If he can get persons to publish and sell 
shorthand reading books, (all the phonographic imtruction books 
are copyright,) and phonotypic books, he will advance the reform 
in the mest effectual way. 

" I would therefore urge upon Mr Pitman and phonographers 
generally, the necessity and advisability of adopting some suitable 
course by which the use of phonetic shorthand could be more 
mpidly and more ^videly extended, and the use of phonetically- 
-printed books introduced into schools ; or by which efforts could 
be made to obtain the consent of the Education Department to 
allow Phonography and Phonotypy to be taught in Public Schools 
or Board Schools, and in time that the systems be placed on the 
same footing as ordinary writing and reading, without, in either 
case be it noted, seeking for either system to become a substitute 
for the present writing or printing. Under no circumstances 
would such privileges or rights be granted by the legislature, if 
the objects were to substitute the rfiorthand and the phonetic 
printing for the writing and orthography in present use.'' 

Till Mr Moor recommends some *' course" we cannot say whe- 
ther or not it is advisable to adopt it. We are all anxiously seek- 
ing " to obtain the consent of the Education Department of the 
Government to allow Phonography and Phonotypy to be taught 
in Public Schools or Board Schools," and, as Mr Kundell observes, 
we shall succeed all the sooner by not *' teasing the members of 
School Boards to do something at once." We suppose the pho- 
Dographer does not exist who would ask the legislature to " sub- 
stitute the shorthand and the phonetic printing for the writing and 
orthography in present use." 

Under the head " Obscurity of the Society," Mr Moor says, " It 
is only by having as the object of the Society that the reejpective 
systems of Phonop^phy and Phonotypy shall have equal rights 
and privileges wiUi the present mefliods, without the slightest 
reference to the phonetic systems bein^ substituted for the con- 
ventional systems of writing and printmg, that the Society will 
succeed in effectively propagating the art, or the Society become 
recognized by the Legislature and known to the public at large. 
As at present constituted, there is nothing beside the weekly 
Phonetie Journal and the annual list of members to appris^^ the 
British Public that there is such a Society in existence !" 

What use can be served by this vague, objectless manner of 
writing P Phonography and Phonotypy have equal rights and 
privileges with the present methods or writing in the ease of every 
person that emphys them. Our duty is to increase their number. 
** There is nothing beside the weekly Phonetie Joumall and the 
annual Ust of members to apprise the British Public that there is 
a Phonetic Society in existence !" There are several hundred 
thousand books and tracts in addition circulated every year,, in 
which the existence and constitution of the Society are made 
known, and there are also its two or three thousand members as 
living witnesses. 

We now draw near the conclusion of our unpleasant task of 
criticising, with disapproval, what we hoped to commend. ** If 
it be maintained that it is only by the means I have denoted, that 
both systems will ever be propagated to any particular extent, I 
should res^tfuUy suggest that the constitution of the Society be 
at once widened, and that the present objects be considerably 
modified. I have not enquired of Mr Pitman, but I believe, that 
if phonographers and members of the Society were to present a 
umted and respectful memorial to him, he would not be unwilling 
to alter the constitution> of the Phonetic Society, which is the first 
step to be taken, and if which was effected t'^iej, a more combined 
and more powerful influence could be brought to bear on the 
furtherance of the phonetic movement." 

We proposed in the last Journal to simplify the constitution of 
the Society. *^ It is suggested " by' one of Mr Moor's correspon- 
dents, and approved by him, '* that Mr Pitman himself^ or a 
Council elected by the Phonetic Society, be constituted examiners 
of such teachers as might desire to obtain a Certificate to teach 
Phonography through the post." How is such a Council to work 
in any way differing from the present method of granting Certifi- 
cates ? If Mr Pitman himself be constituted examiner, tnen there 
is no change. If the Council be examiners, every phono^;Ripher 
who desires a Certificate must send a specimen of his writing to 
one or more of these examiners. What benefit would result &>m 
the change P Would they be better qualified to judge P It is a 
very poor joke perpetrated by someone, and copied by Mr Moor, 
that " there are grave doubts as to Mr Pitman's ability to read 
shorthand at all." 

The following " outline of the constitution of a Phonetic Associ- 
ation which can assume a national character " is sketched :— 

** I. The object of the Association shaU bo to promote the exten- 
sion of the Phonetic System, writing and printing, and the edu- 
cational advancement of its members, teachers, and pupils, by 
superintending the issue of certificates, promoting classes, and 
holding meetings for the delivery of lectures, etc. 

" 2. Mr Pitman's Instruction Books to be during his life, the 
text books of the Association,' but afterwards, after six months* 
notice by advertisement, a vote of two-thirds of the members shall 
be sufficient to alter these. 

" 3. The Government or executive power shall be in the hands 
of a President, Secretary, and Treasurer, (Mr Pitman to hold one 
or all of these offices during his life as he may desire,) and a 
Council of twenty-four, or a representative of each branch associ- 
ation, (the councillor's vote to be according to the number of 
members in the branch he represents,) to be elected annually. 

** 4. The qiudifications for membership in associations, to be 
such as may be determined upon, and the payment of such fees 
as may be considered necessary. 

** 5. Honorary Members to be elected and Special Meetings to 
be called as may also be thought fit. 

" 6. A full statement of accounts and a Ust of members, etc., to 
be pubUshed before Christmas in each year." 

The first object is one of the objects of the present Phonetic 

Digitized by \^00^ l^ 



3 April, 1876. 

Society. It is only necessary to place a higher standard for the at* 
tainnient of a Teacher's Certificate. On the second ohject we may 
observe that Mr Moor would find the law of copyright too strong 
for him. The third object we are convinced is impracticable, 
either by the Council's meeting at some place annually, or through 
the post. Eefei-ence was made to this subject in the Journal for 
1874, page 410, in reply to Mr Healy's scheme for a grand 
representative phonographic parliament, to which we would refer 
the reader. 

[We gave a brief notice, on page 73, of a paper on " Longhand* 
Shorthand, and Spelling Reform," delivered by Mr J. B. Rundell 
at the Quebec Institution, Marylebone, under the auspices of the 
Victoria Discussion Society. MissFaithfull's Victoria Magazine 
for March reports the paper at length. The following extracts 
will interest our readers.] 

Longhand, — I scarcely feel doubtful that many of my hearers 
will agree "^nth me when I say that much, very much, of the 
current longhand of business and private correspondence is very 
bad indeed. A great deal is almost, and some quite, illegible to 
all who are not already acquainted with the peculiarities of the 
writer. This fact has been so well and so amusingly dwelt upon 
by the author of " Friends in Council," that I hope to be pardoned 
for recalling attention, to something which he wrote in " Good 
Words," for October, l669. In an instalment of " Short Essays," 
we are introduced to a gentleman, " A," (standing, perhaps, for 
the author himself,) who laments the deficiency of education 
among the upper classes. '* I do not know," he says '* how it 
may be in other countries, but in Great Biitian the first rudiments 
of education are, for the most part, unknown." He supports this 
statement by showing how deficient many statesmen, officials, and 
authors |are in the "mechanical part of writing." He brings 
from his desk four or five letters, and submits them to some 
assembled friends. The first, he says, is written by " a man hold- 
ing nearly the highest position that any subject in Europe can 
hold." No one present, even with the help of this hint, can de- 
cipher the signature. The second letter is from a great official 
person who has dozens of hitters to sign in the course of a day. 
The body of the letter, written by a clerk is legible enough, but 
its signature also defied the effi)rt8 of all present to make it out. 
'* It was generallv thought to resemble the first step of a centipede 
after it had crawled out from an ink bottle." The third letter is 
written by a great historian, and the fourth is from an eminent 
peer, *' who ^es a deep interest in education." B., one of the 
company, who prides himself upon mastering handwriting, thinks 
that if he could have half-an-hour's time to himself, and the aid of a 
magnifying glass, he could make it all out. The fifth, the most 
remarkable of all, is from a distinguished personage, " a poet, a 
novdist, 'a statesman, a philosopher." The clever B. can make 
out the words, ** my dear," at the beginning of the letter, and 
several other words in the body of it, but cannot give a single 
sentence complete. A. goes on to say that the man to whom we 
letter was addressed, not being able to read it, called in the help 
of a government clerk who was thought to be skilful in decipher- 
ing Imd writing. This clerk gave his version in writing. The 
letter seemed to be very clever and very deep, but further exam- 
ination by other persons showed that the rendering was quite 
wrong. A certain word had been read the clerk as ** ideaV It 
ought to have been " inherent.** A second version of the letter 
was then made. A very acute person came along, and said Uiat 
the second reading was certainly the right one, but that Uie first 
one evolved a grand theory. To whom did it belong ? Not to 
the Government clerk, the for he was a plain, practical man, who 
knew nothing whatever of the subject under discussion. Not to 
the others, who had a beautiful theory put before them which they 
could understand, but certainly did not originate. They came to 
the conclusion that it was '* a grand metaphysical theory evolved 
by ciiance out of bad writing." " But seriously spe^Qong," our 
author continues, '^ what a disgrace it is to these eminent men to 
write in such a way ! what half-educated men they are !" 

The variety of misreadings of which badly- written longhand 
admits, seeiiis incredible when we see the various interpretations 

expressed with all the clearness of type. The following are not 
at all extraordinary instances of the kind of corrections we are 
often requested to make when letters are printed in the newspapers. 
For '*pump the water," read '* purify the water;" for " branches 
of the roads," read " badness of the roads ;" fbr " chafer "' read 
" diaper" It has been remarked that the1)e8t way to prove to 
what a great extent we are indebted to context for uie aoilit^ to 
read ordinary longhand, is to cut a hole in a piece of paper, just 
large enough to let a word or so be seen at a time, and then to 
pass this paper over any but very legibly- written letters. Words 
that, with me context, presented no difficulty at all, will appear 
to be, with far greater clearness, others which the context will by 
no means admit of. This is an instructive experiment with which 
one may beeuile a spare half-hour or so. Those who have not 
tried it would hardly think that the same word could be easily 
read, both as less and up, and yet be not at all badly written for 

The reason why longhand fares so badly is, I belieye, because 
it is so cumbrous. The pressure of business, or the too rapid flow 
of ideas, makes it impossible in many cases to attend to the for- 
mation of the letters of the alphabet. The desire to writ« as fast 
as one can speak is surely a natural one, but it is plain that this 
can never be the case with longhand. Words sounded by one 
emission of the breath, one motion of the tongue or lips, require 
for their representation six, eight, a dozen, nay, twenty motions of 
the fingers. What can be spoken with ease in one hour requires 
six of arduous labor to represent in tolerable longhand on paper. 
On the whole, I cannot but think that the ordinary system of 
longhand must be considered to have been tried in the balance and 
found wanting. It is written badly for want of the necessary 
time or skill to write it with clearness, as fast as it must be written, 
because it takes so many strokes to express a few simple and 
quickly uttered sounds. 

Shorthand. — To write as fast as we can speak we must, there- 
fore, use either shorthand or very much abbreviated longhand. 
Abbreviated longhand has been the tool used by m&aj excellent 
reporters. These, however, have been men of great intelligence 
and of excellent memory. Their reputation is perhaps based upon 
the fact that they made good, pointed speeches for bad and round- 
about speakers. For reallj verbatim reporting, shorthand is a 

Shorthand, as was mentioned at the beginning of the paper, is 
either alphabetic, or phonetic. The older systems, Mason' s, 
Byrom's Gumey's, Lewis's, Taylor's, etc., are almost entirely 
alphabetic. Yery few vowels indeed, are used, and only as many 
of the consonants in a word given, as may seem indispensable at 
the time of writing. It is pudn that the burden is taken off the 
writer only to be thrown, with additional weight, on the shoulders 
of the reader. Really phonetic shorthand dates from the inven- 
tion by Mr Isaac Pitman of his system in 1837. Other phonetic 
systems now exist, but as far as I can learn, their practical merits, 
when compared with Mr Pitman* s, are not such as to require that 
they should be particularized in a paper of the limited scope of 
the present. In Mr Pitman's system, as at present written, we 
have the result of nearly forty years* close attention and inter- 
change of experience by hundreds upon hundreds of skilled writ- 
ers. Unless, therefore, any fundatnental changes should, on 
further examination, appear to be desirable, the system may bo 
regarded as nearly pei-fect as may be. 1 know that I am treading 
on dangerous ground, but I cannot help saying that it appears to 
me that such fundamental changes in Pitman's phonography would 
be very desirable. That system has defects and disadyantages 
which have largely contributed to retard its general diffusion as 
a branch of education, although they may not haye prevented its 
becoming a wonderful instrument in the hands of a skilled reporter. 
These disadvantages I hold to be, 1. The great amount of detail 
to be learnt. 2. The wide divergence between the system of full 
writing taught at the beginning, and the abbreviated system used 
for reporting and rapid writing 3. The great refinement of writ- 
ing rec^uired to distinguish nearly resembling terms which stand 
for widely different sounds. 

[Our reply to these objections is : 1. There is no detail that has 
not been found useful in practice. 2. The charge of '' divei^nce 
between the full writing taught at the beginning and the abbre- 
(OonHnuei on page 151.) j 

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{Continued from page 148.) 
Tiated system used for reporting " belongs to a state of things tha^ 
is past. It does not apply to the present revised *• Phonographic 
Teacher." 3. The legibility of Phonography is notorious.] 

In spite of these disadvantages, however, Pitman*s Phonography 
is all but universally acknowledged to be by far the best known 
83r8tem of shorthand. My present aim is to indicate in what way 
it seems to me that this, admittedly the best system of shorthand 
at present known, can be renderea more acceptable to learners, 
and, at the same time, more efficient in the hands of experts. It 
will seem strange that although 1 use, with very few exceptions 
Mr Pitman's alphabet, and although all mj principles are derived 
from the study of his books, the result is a system different in 
many ways to Mr Pitman's, and one which he very distinctly 

[Mr Rundell's suggested improvements must consist, first, in 
locating all words, with respect to the writing space, in nine posi- 
tions, instead of the recognised three positions for descending 
strokes, tLodttvo for horizontals and vowel signs ; and secondly, in 
adding ^ to a consonant by doubling instead of halving it His 
scheme requires double-line paper. The first position, just above 
the top line, is for words containing i or oi ; the second position, 
on the top line, is for words containing i ; there are four other 
positions, each descending an imperceptible degree, between the 
two lines, for 4, a; 5, ou ; 6, o; 7, o ; the 8th position, for t«f, is 
on the bottom line, and the 9th position for %y wider the bottom 
line. The scheme is utterly impracticable under the ordinary con- 
ditions of writing.] 

Spelling Reform. — It may perhaps now be objected. Qranted 
that much longhand is bad, granted that it is possible to write in 
shorthand with greater speed, and with at least equal legibility, 
what connection has this with Spelling Reform, and why should 
there he a Spelling Reform at all ? 

Spelling Reform is needed because the task of learning to read 
and to spell English is one of altogether unnecessary (Uffioulty. 
No on^ however highly educated, can spell an English word 
which he hears pronounced, but which he has never seen. No 
one can pronounce an English word which he sees for the fiist 
time, and has never hea^ spoken. Half the population of Eng- 
land, including many of great natural powers, and of most logical 
minds, cannot spell even fairly, according to the dictionary 
standard. If the language were spelled phonetically, reading 
could be thoroughly and pleasantly mastered in as many months 
as it now takes years to learn it imperfectly and with dificulty. 
It is easy to see that analogy goes but a very little way in English 
spelling. M-o-s-t is mo9t^ but t-o-s-t is not toaet^ and d-o-s-t is 
not doted, S-o-u-1 is toul^ but fo-u-l is not pronounced foal. 
R.o-v-6 is rove, yet l-o-v-e is not loav, but luv, and m-o-v-e is 
neither moav nor mtw but moov, 0-n-e is vmn, but t-o-n-e is not 
tioiMj but toan, D-o-n-e is however, not doan^ but dun. Yet 
g-o-n-e is neither gumn nor gun, nor^oan, but gon. Not to detain 
you too long with such examples, I will only add that though 
d.e-b-t-0-r passes current for debtor, n-e-i-g-n-b-o-u-r for neigh- 
bour, b-H-s-y for busy, and m-a-n-y for many, the Civil Service 
Commissioners would surely pluck us if we wrote letter, labor, 
dizzy, and penny, after the same fashion. 

As Mr Meiklejohn has stated in an interesting letter which 
recently appeared in the Timee, (2 January, 1876), " The English 
printing or notation of the English language is afflicted with two 
malformations, which may be described thus : ** 1st. One printed 
symbol may be rendered to the ear, may be translated into sound, 
in from two to eighteen d^erent ways. 2nd. One sound may be 
written down, printed or translated to the eye in from two to four- 
teen different ways.'' It may be well, however, to relieve the 
dryness of figures by a few flowers of rhetoric. Hear what has 
been said in ** The Caxtons," by the late Lord Ljrtton, no mere 
orthographical pedant certeinly, but in literary matters a shrewd 
man of the world. *' A more lying, roundabout, puzzleheaded 
delusion than that by which we confuse the clear instincts of truth 
in oar accursed system of spelling was never concocted by the 
&ther of falsehooa." The net result of the English speUing dif- 
fienhy may be summed up as follows— half a million of money, 
aiiniiaUy» worse than thrown into the sea, and the *' clear instinots 
oftnttii" perverted in Qyery child. 

The only argument against recurrence to phonetic principles 
which I feel called upon now to mention, is that known as the 
etymological objection. Having, after the first fiuah of conversion 
to phonetics, been turned completely round again, and held in 
thrall for ten or twelve years by Archbishop Trench's " Study of 
Words," it will not be thought that I speak now wholly with- 
out consideration. I will say, therefore, that I know of no argu- 
ment in favor of etymological spelling (even supposing we had 
it, which is not the case) that could not be urged with e^ual lorce 
in favor of the employment of the flint implemeuts, kmves, and 
hatchets found in the " drift." These are of extreme interest 
and high historical (or pre-historical) importance ; but, speaking 
for myself, I prefer ttod^ers's cutlery. The proper place for flint 
and bronze weapons, is m a museum show-case, and the proper 
place for etymological spelling is within the covers of a dictionary. 
It may not however be altogether b^de the question to revert 
to the time when Mr Forster's Endowed Schools Bill was brought 
into Parliament. That Bill consisted of two parts, one of which 
was abandoned, in order to allow the other to pass through more 
easily. The piui; which was omitted sketch^ an Educational 
Council which was to examine middle class teachers, and inpsect 
middle class schools. It was to consist of twelve members, two 
to be elected by eadi of the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and 
London, and six " nominated by Her Majesty with the advice of 
Her Privy Council." On the unanimous recommendation of such 
a Council as this, when obtained, either the Lords of the Committee 
of Council on Education might be pleased to direct that no child, 
in middle class or in elementary schools shall be plucked for writ- 
ing that a man who takes away a piece of beef is a t-h-e-e-f, or 
that a boy cannot do his sum if he has a bad t-h-u-m. Until we 
get the Council, however, we are not likely to get the recommend- 
ation. The following, on the other hand, seem to me to be things 
which may be done at once. 

Persons of independent means, sufficiently well educated to bear 
being laughed at, may spell in any way that their intelligence 
may indicate, and their strength of mind admit of, so long as iey 
do not render their meanine obscure. We shall thus become in- 
creasingly aware that spellibg is altogether a secondary matter to 

Intelligent teachers of youth who are able to teach other things 
than the great art of spelling well, may and should tea(^ phonetic 
shorthand to such boys and girls ^ weU as sp^ well in the 
ordinary way. 

Parents should ask that their sons and daughters may be taught 
such an elegant and useful art as shorthand. 

Converts to the phonetic principle would do weU to courteously, 
and at seasonable times, enlighten members of School Boards on 
the question, without teasing them to do something at once, which 
would be certainly disagreeable, and perhaps of no avail. 

Lastly, the Society of Arts which has so often and so honorably 
acted as pioneer in matters of scientific, industrial, or social import- 
ance, might consider whether they cannot find means to encourage 
the invention of a phonetic script alphabet, which shall be at once 
brief^ expressive and elegant, easier to learn, and easier to write, 
than the present forms of phonography. 

[In the discussion which followed the reading of the paper,] Mr 
Pagliardini said that the art of classification was an important 
branch of education, and if it could be thoroughly tan^t to chil- 
dren would niake them men and women at once. He did not, 
however, think that the absurdities of the common ortho- 
graphy should, or even could be made the means of doing this 
scientific work [as a previous speaker Mr Meiklejohn had recom- 
mended.] The lecturer had in his opinion rather under than over 
stated the worthlessness of the etymological objection. If aJl 
nations spelled as they pronounced, the philologist would have a 
much more profitable field for his labors. Mr Pagliardini drew 
many instances in support of his arguments from the Greek, Latin, 
Italian, French, and German, languages, and made references to 
many others, the study of language, having, from a child, he stated, 
been for him an absorbing pursuit. He made a most vigorous 
attack upon English orthography as the chief offender against 
logical uniformity, and said that no wyrds could be too strong to 
express its evil tendency in perverting the clear and logical sense 
of a child. There was little or no connection between good sense 
and spelling. How often did we see a beaatifolly written uid 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 



3 April, 1875. 

correctly spelled letter that was not worth reading, while letters 
with a mistake of spelling in almost every line were often replete 
with intelligence and sense. 

Dr Gladstone said that he had listened with interest to Mr Run- 
dell's paper. He had himself used Pitman's Phonography daily 
for many years. In respect of the need of Spelling Eeform, 
he thoroughly agreed with the lecturer, and even went beyond 
him, for he thought it would be quite possible to take some imme- 
diate action. The expenditure of time and temper over this 
. spelling difficujty was enormous. Although he had enjoyed Mr 
Ellis's friendship for many years, he could by no means cenfess 
himself a convert to his English Glossic. He wanted to know 
what there was to prevent the English nation doing what the 
Dutch and Spanish had done, and reform the spelling of their 
language. Much was said now-a-days about the English artisan 
being behind his continental brethren in the matter of special or 
technical training, and he (Dr Gladstone) would call most earnestly 
upon all persons to endeavor, by their influence, to remove the 
great obstacle which stood before every child in its advance tow- 
ards education, in the shape of our absurd and inconvenient no- 
system of spelling. 


{Key to Corresponding Style, page 149.) 
For a quarter of an hour, during one of the greatest crises of 
the battle of Waterloo, when the Duke of Wellington had de- 
spatched all his aides-de-camp with orders to the different divisions 
of his army, he found himself alone at the very moment when he 
most needed help. While watching the movements of his troops 
through his telescope, he detected Kempt' s brigade commencing a 
manoeuvre, which, if not promptly countermanded, would probably 
lead to the loss of the battle. But there was no officer at hand to 
convey his orders to the offending brigadier. Just then he turned 
himself round in his saddle, and observed at some distance a single 
horseman, rather quaintly >ttired, coolly watching the progress of 
the s(rife. The instant the duke caught sight of him, he beckoned 
to him, and asked him who he was, what he was there for, and 
how he had passed the lines. He answered, ** I am a bagman, or 
traveler, for a wholesale button manufacturer in Birmingham, and 
was showing my samples in Brussels when I heard the sound of 
firing. Having had all my life a strong desire to see a battle, I 
at once procured this horse, and set out for the scene of action ; 
and, after considerable difficulty, I have reached this spot, whence 
I expect to have a good view of the action." The duke was 
pleased with his straightforward answer, and, determining to turn 
his sense and daring to good account, addressed him as follows : 
" You are a funny chap ! Why, you ought to have been a soldier. 
Would you like to serve your country now, if I Rive you the 
opportunity ?" " Yes, my lord," said the bagman. " Would you 
take a message of importance for me, if I sent you with one P' 
continued his Grace. Touching his hat in the approved military 
fashion, the bagman replied, " Were I trusted by you, my lord, I 
would think this the proudest day of my life." Putting his field- 
glass into the man's hands, the duke explained to him the position 
of the brigade that had made the false move, and, added, ** I have 
no writing materials by me ; see, therefore, that you are very 
accurate in delivering my message." He then entrusted to him a 
brief, emphatic order, which he made him repeat, that there might 
be no mistake, and ended the interview with these words, ** Tell 
Kempt, if he persevere in carrying out what he has begun to do, 
the game is all up with us." The orders were barely delivered 
before the stranger was off at the top of his horse's speed, and 
soon disappeared amid the smoke of the battle. After a few 
minutes* interval, the duke turned his glass in the direction of 

9 tactics. 

^ ^ ^ . , 'directed 

him. ^eU done, Buttons !" The duke used to say he considered 
the counteraction of Kempt's original movement the turning-point 
of the battle. To reward our hero for his intelligence and intre- 
pidity, he caused inqtdres to be made for him in every direction, 
out in vain. I*^^ was not till many years afterwards that he acci- 
dentally heard of the man's whereabouts, and at once secured for 
him a lucrative govemm^t rituation in the West of England, in 
recognition of hu servioei. 

{Key to Heporting $tyU, page 160.) 
I mention these facts to show you how the means with which 
God has blessed me have been acquired, and to show, also, 
how natural it is that I should wish to devote some portion of 
those means to assist in promoting scientific teaching and to ad- 
vance the varied forms of scientific industry with whidi, 4hrouffh- 
out my Birmingham life, I have been so closely connected. But 
before I could take in hand the foundation of this College I had 
another work to do. I had always had a great desire to do some 
deed of love for the pofor and helpless ; and, therefore, my first 
care was to make provision for the aged and the orphans. This 
I was enabled to do by founding the orphanage and alms-houses 
at Erdington ; and this being done, I was at liberty to turn my 
attention to the project of the College. There were many difficul- 
ties to be overcome. Willingness to give money will do much but 
it will not do everj'thing. The site, for example, was a great 
hindrance ; many places were thought of and put aside ; others 
were sought for and could not be obtained. At last, by the wil- 
ling co-operation of my friend Mr Philip Henry Muntz, M.P., I 
was enabled to obtain the land upon which we are now standing, 
though long negociations were necessary before a sufficient extent 
could be secured. These delays, however, did not really do any 
harm to the scheme ; indeed, they afforded time for the proper 
consideration of the plan of the College, and the preparation of a 
deed of foundation of a nature to give full effect to my wishes. 
Whatever is necessary for the improvement of scientific industry 
and for the cultivation of art, especially as applied to manufactures, 
the tnistees will be able to teach ; they may also, by a provision 
subsequent to the original deed, afford facilities for medical in- 
struction ; and, as has been mentioned in the address read by the 
Deputy-Mayor, they are authorized, and indeed enjoined, to revise 
the scheme of instruction from time to time, so as to adapt it to 
the requirements of the district in future years, as well as at the 
present time. It is not my desire to set up an institution in rivalry 
of any now existing ; but to provide the means of carrying further 
and completing the teaching now given in other scientific institu- 
tions and in the evening classes now so numerous in the town and 
its neighbourhood, and especially in connexion with the Midland 
Institute, which has already conferred so much benefit upon large 
numbers of students, and which I am glad to see represented here 

Kozez ov Py.— If dq, fol, it wud fol for de ssm risen dat rsn fobi ; 
byt dq, dss not fol— it is simpli a deposit or moistqr, olwes kontend 
in de er tu a greter or later degri, and whiQ, when der is ensf ov it, 
wil olwss form on eni kcdd bodi ekspcrxd tu de moist er, in presisli de 
srm we dat a kcrld hotel or ston, teken from a kerld selar and svdeoli 
ekspvad in de /ed tu de worm svmer er, wil bekvm wet. ^is is not 
swetig, nor d^i de moistq^ kvm oat ov de hotel or stem, as meni pi- 
pel beliv, bvt firom de er. It is for de sem rison dat moistiir wil kon- 
dens agenst de windv-peni when de er i2 kcrld oatsid'and moist insid, 
de moistiir slcrli frisi^, whil its deposits form kristalx ov js, whiQ wi 
scr ofen admjr in winter. When de weder is kuil envf, de moisti^r 
deposited wil iven frit on plants and gras, and den wi kol it herr 
firost ; if it dvs not friz it is simpH dq. 3e onli point left tu hi eks- 
plend is, whj dza de ground bekvm ser kuil dqrig de njt — ao mvq 
kuiler dan de er abw it as tu koz de later tu deposit its moistqr ? 
3is woz for meni jirs a vekst problem, til Wels ferst ssjeeted de rc- 
diefon ov obskq,r hit, whiq teks pies from de svrfes ov de erd ;^nu de 
klir atmosfir in de spes abw, and §9 kozez de S!rrfe8 tu bekvm mvg 
kmler dan de er itself. Hi demonstreted die b[ minz ov 5ermometerz 
plest at difereat h^ts, and olscr bj de fiikt dat dq is cmli depozited on 
kloudles njts. When der ar kloudz, de reflekt de hit, or prevent it 
from eskepig. 3e svrfes ov de er^ dvs biig kept from kmlig, ner di^ 
iz depozited. 

Printed hj Ismo PitmMi (Inrentor of Phonography) at the Pkoattio 
Institute, Kingston Buildings, Bath i and PubBshed by F. Pitman, at 
the FhonetioI)epdt,aoPat«mosttr Bow, London. AUc 
for the Editor to be addiessad, IstMs Pltaan, Bath. 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 

10 April, 1876. 



8ATUBDAT, \Oth APBIL, 1876. 


Oo mm mnieoHontfar tkU Dtpartmeni qfiJU Joumalf Noiieet qfSotrcirculaion, 
He,, akould m wriUen ieparaieljffirom UtUn, a$ul marked " Journal.** 

BRADFORD Phonooraphbes* Association. From A. Wid- 
dopf Secretary. — The ordinary weekly meeting of this Association 
was held on the 15th March, when the reporting practice was 
conducted hy Mr Travis, after which the wnole of tiie members 
pn^ent joined in extempore speaking, which gave great satisfac- 
tion. The ordinary weekly meeting was also held on Monday, 
the 22nd March, when the reporting practice was conducted by 
Mr Robert Shaw, after which ourvice-President, Mr Pickles, gave 
an essay on " Spiritualism," which wa« well received. The fol- 
lowing is the programme for the remainder of this month :-* 
April 12 — Reporting practice conducted by H. M. White. Dis- 
cussion on the use of alcohol. 
„ 19 — Reporting practice conducted by Mr Harrison. Im- 
promptu speaking. 
„ 26 — Reporting practice conducted by G. A. White. 
Committee meeting. 
BRIGHTON.— An important service is rendered to the Writing 
and SpelUnff Reform by Mr John Erck of Brighton, who occupies 
a page of t£e wrapper of his **• Brighton Railway Guide " with 
the following brief account of phonetic shorthand. We strongly 
recommend ue friends of phonetics to seek opportunities of bring- 
ing before the public eye the nature and advantages of ^he great 
reibrm which this Journal advocates. 

" Whot iz FwiOffTafi f — Fcmografi is a veri brif sistem ov £orthand 
ritip, foonded vpon de shaken sounds ov de Igeli/ laggwej, and best 
'spoTk de prinsipel ov havig a s^n for even sound. 3!is Dutiful sistem 
ov riUD wos invented h\ Mr bak Pitman ov Bad ^Bath^, m 1837, and 
12 nou iisd bi ^oujtands ov persons wherever de Iggli/ tsg is spcrken, 
for de ordinari purposes ov ritig. 

'* It is scr simpel dat a qild kan master it, and is at de sem t^m scr 
inestimabli vali^abel, dat nerwsn ot tu rest kontented til hi has med 
himself familiar wid it. Its prinsipeb kan bi lernd in a fi^ oorz, and 
a uixn^'s intelijent praktis for an our per de wil render it a poze/on 
for lif. It iz far mcrr lejibel dan loghand, and ssm r^terz ov dis sis- 
tem bav aktiiali atend a spid ov 200 wvrdz per minit. 


\ p, It, ^ P. 

" Fsrder informe/on me bi oblend from {Mr John Erck, Certifi- 
cated Teacher of Phonography, 9 Queen's road, Brighton)." 

The second page of the wrapper of the Railway Guide contains 
a list of the phonetio publications. 

LONDON. Extract from last Report of the Board of Guardians 
for the relief of the Jewish poor. — ** The fourth and last branch 
•f the Committee's operations, ^the training of a shorthand writing 
class,) was instituted by the liberality of one of the members of 
the Committee, Lawrence Engel, esq., who bears the whole cost 
of tlds class to the amount of £200, which sum will suffice for 
some time to come. There can be no doubt that a knowledge of 
shorthand writing will materially help young men in obtunins 
clerlc^ps, and the great expanse to wnich commerce has attainea 
tenders the available field of employment very large. Eleven of 
the best pupils of various Jewisn schools recommended by their 
respectiye masters have now for several months received instruc- 
tion In this class from Mr Priestland, an experienced teacher. The 
pupils bave already made considerable progress, and in an exam- 
mation recentlyheld some of them exhibited great proficiency." 

MANCHESTER. From Senry Pt^man.— My phonographic 
class at Owens College is making fair progress. The course of 
lessons in the term extends over twenty weeks, time enough to 
impart to intelligent students a complete knowledge of the system. 
I have oommenccMcl a new class at the Mechanics' Institution, and 
two clasaee for the- clerks of the M. S. and L. railway, numbering 
upwards of 50 pupils, about two-thirds of them being elemental^ 
and the rest advanced. The estimation in which Phonography is 

held by this company is shown in the fiict that its managers not 
only allow an hour from office duties for the lesson, but pay for 
both books and instruction. [This Intelligence should have been 
inserted five weeks ago, but was overlooked. — £d.] 



From Seribo. — As a phonographer whose experience embraces 
more than a quarter of a century, eighteen years of which have 
been spept in active reporting and other newspaper work, I may 
be qualified to say a few words on the Phonetic Sooiet>^, and ^e 
chants, if any, which it is desirable should be made in its con- 

I have always looked upon membership in this Society as con- 
ferring nothing more than a merely nominal distinction ; and 
though I have never " gone in " for a Teacher's Certificate, I do 
not know that the fortunate possessor of such enjoys advantages 
of a much more substantial character. Those who know how 
easily such ** honors " are obtained are able to estimate them at 
their proper value, and would never think of engaging a reporter, 
or even a shorthand clerk, on the strength of his having a Teacher's 
Certificate. True, it has a- certain value, and that value, I, as a 
member of the Society, should be the last to ignore. First and 
second-class members have, it may be taken for granted, safely 
crossed that potu asinorum the ** Teacher," thereby proving that 
they have been in a certain measure enthusiastic and successful 
in their study of the art ; and first-class members, by the very 
fact of their joining the Society as such, show that they are pre* 
piued to act upon the golden maxim—" Freely ye have received, 
freely give." By doin^ so they fulfil the first and primary ob- 
ject named in the constitution of the Societjr, and the second and 
third objects it is not my present intention to discuss. The 
Phonetic Society, therefore, does to a certain extent answer the 
purposes for which it was originally established, and for those 
purposes, bearing in mind that it is to a large extent made up of 
young phonographers, I would allow it to continue upon its pre- 
sent footing. But I submit that, looking at the position Phono- 
graphy has now attained, this is not sufficient, and I should like 
to see another Society established, the adnussion to which should 
be by examination only. 

The mode in which such examination might be conducted, the 
amount of the members' annual subscriptions, the fund to which 
they should be devoted, etc., are matten of detail which, were the 
principle once recognised, it would not be difficult to settle ; but I 
would suggest that the Society consist of three classes of mem- 
bers. Those who are able to write 180 words per minute and 
upwards should be eligible ' as first-dass members ; those who 
write from 160 to 180 as second class ; and those who write irom 
120 to 160 as third-class members. Probationary certificates 
might also be given to writers of from 90 to 120 words per minute, 
but I would not go lower. In proportion as the examinations of 
candidates for membership are thorough and reliable in that pro- 
portion would the value of this Society be recognised by newspaper 
proprietors and editors^ as well as by professional and business 
men requiring the services of secretaries, shorthand clerks, etc. ; 
and in process of time an uncertificated reporter of any professional 
standing would be well nigh as great a ranty as is an uncertificated 
schoolmaster at the present day. 

I throw out these hints in no spirit of opposition to the existing 
Phonetic Society, of which I have been a member, off and on, 
since 1853, but solely in the interests of Phonography and pho- 

[It seems to us that the question of speed in writing should be 
onutted firom the consideration of membership in the Phonetic 
Society, and be dealt with by the local Shorthand "Writers' Asso- 
ciations, all of which will, in the course of time, issue Certificates. 
These Associations have, in their meetings^ means of testing speed 
which it would be difficult, if not impossible, to adopt with re- 
spect to persons applying for membersnlp in the Phonetic Society 
by post. Moreover, speed is not required in order to fulfil the 
duty of a teacher of Phonography through the post, but only a 
thorough knowledge of the system. A candidate for a shorthand 
olerksmp would show his card of membership, (which would also 

Digitized by \^00^ IV:: 



10 April, 1875. 

be a Teacher's Certificate,) as a guarantee for accuracy in writing, 
and bis certificate from a local Sbortband Association to certify 
as to speed. But most employers would test him on the spot by 
a few minutes* dictation. — JStf.] 

From Suteliff Robinsotiy Landport, Portsmouth. — Various letters 
have appeared in this Journal relative to the Phonetic Society and 
its work, and the complaint has been made, or implied, vhat the 
Society has not fulfilled its mission. One correspondent thinks 
that the only way in which it can act is hj correcting exercises, 
and then suggests a thorough organisation, either forgetting or not 
knowing that organisation frequently means ** having a name to 
live while dead, for the very vitality that should be expended in 
Tuefiil labor is wasted in organising *' plans of usefulness." 

But are we sure that the Phonetic Society has not done its 
work F What are its objects P To extend Phonography ; to pro- 
mote the intellectual improvement- of its members ; to introduce a 
better method of learning reading bv using phonetic books ; and to 
reform the English orthographr. Has it done this h In a negative 
answer lies the indictment True, it has not done it — the work is 
not completed, but it is doing it, and doing it surely. And as 
surely as the revolving of the eartii brings the full blaze of noon- 
-day light, or the glor^ of summer, so surely will the wheels of 
time bring the long-wished-for period when men will write both 
briefly and truly. Phonography is spreading rapidly — and by 
what means P By the members of this Society talking about it, 
recommending it to their friends, practicaUy employing it, and 
manifesting its utility to the iminitiated, and thus in the best pos- 
sible way creating a desire to '* go and do likewise." If we look 
at the daily papers, the Law Times, and other weekly high -class 
papers, we shaU see that there is a constant and increasing demand 
Lr young men who can write shorthand — ** Phonography pre- 
ferred." This is the sine qtM non ; and how comes thi» demand, 
if phonographers have not been doing their work P The success 
of the Phonetic Society lies in the labors of its individual members. 
The liigh pressure at which business is worked in the present day 
demands shorthand clerks ; and phonog^phers have shown how 
their favorite art can be applied to relieve this high pressure. And 
how has this been done P Not by advertising and puffing Phono- 
graphy as a system that can be " learned in ten minutes," or by 
which " speeches can be reported in a fortnight,'* but by praoticiu 
exemplification of its uses. 

Well, has it accomplished its next object ? Does it promote 
the intellectual improvement of its members P The best answer 
to this is the number of evercirculators and numerous individual 
correspondences carried on for the same purpose, which would 
never have taken place but for the fact that those thus seeking 
mutual benefit belong to the same Society and write the same 
mystic characters. If there is any apparent failure it is in the 
next point of the Society's objects, but only in the sense that this 
portion of its work has not spread so extensively as the other ; and 
why P Not because efforts hare not been made, but because this 
part of the work is infinitdy more difficult than the first two. 
As well might we say that Cfhrislianity has failed because all the 
world does not profess, much less practice. Christianity. As well 
might we say uiat teetotalism has failed, because large numbers 
still get drunk, and still larger numbers break the laws of Ood 
and man while under the influence of alcohol. But whenever this 
method of teaching to read has been fairly tested it has succeeded. 
Witness the efforts of Dr Martin in Ireland. Phonotypy has not 
spread like Phonography, but being planted by its side, and de- 
riving nourishment from the same soU, it will, though of a slower 
growth, yet become a mighty tree, under whose branches chil- 
dren and even adults will gather, grateful for its shade and its 
nourishing fruit. But allowing that the Society has failed here, 
why is it P It is because individual members have not exerted 
themselves. Individuals operate uponJaidividuals with far more 
direct effect than societies upon society. Upon fit occasions, and 
at every feasible opportunity, let every single member of the So- 
ciety throw in a word for Phonotypy, showing its advantages 
over the present OQ^ography, and more will be done to promote 
this object of the m/hiy than any grand organised effort 

When it was first desired to introduce Phonography as a subject 
of mstmotion 'nto Mue pib*io schools, and for thupurpose to se- 

cure a vote of the managing body^ it was not done in the first in- 
stance by a formal resolution. An under current had been at 
work for a considerable time previously, when a fortuitous cir- 
cumstance brought the subject forcibly before one of these gen^ 
tlemen. He felt the importance of the subject and determined to 
introduce it, but he knew human nature too well to boldly propose 
his plan before a full Bo^. Individual members were first 
spoken to, and won over, and eventually a formal proposition was 
carried, and Phonography will now be taught. 

As Phonotypy spreads, so the last part of the work of the So- 
ciety—to reform the orthographjr of the English lang^a^ — will 
be effected. The desire for an improved method of spelling has 
of late years rapidly increased, and who will dare to lunit the in- 
fluence* which the Society, or rather that of its individual mem- 
bers, has had in bringing about this feeling ? 

We do not think then that the Society has failed ; but that does 
not prevent us from wishing to see it more effective, but its effec- 
tiveness must come from the individual exertions of its members. 

From Sa^oir, — I am glad to see that your correspondent " Beri " 
has brought the subject of " Certificates " before the Phonetic 
world. Perhaps you will remember that toward the end of last 
year I wrote to you on the same subject but for reasons best 
known to yourself my letter did not appear in the JoumaL At 
that time, as a friend of phonography, and with theJiope that you, 
our -chief, would take the matter in hand, and institute a remedy, 
I, in order to show the futility of the present system of examina- 
tion, pointed out how it was possible to obtain a certificate with a 
very superficial knowledge of the art ; and also offered to prove 
that there were some hdding Teacher's Certificates from Bath 
who were only learners in a provincial society. I then gave a 
draft of a system of examination which I thought, and still think, 
might, if adopted, obviate the evil complained of, and which, 
with your permission, I will nojr place before the readers of the 
Phonetic Journal for discussion, namely. Let examinations be 
conducted periodically, (say once every three or tix months) on 
the same evening and' at the same hour all over the kingdom [!] 

Let there be a committee of the directors of every association 
formed to conduct these examinations, to see that there is no 
assisting, copjdn^, and such like. Let examination papers (altered 
each time) containing a number of questions and wiUi a piece to 
be written in Phonography, be prepared by Mr Pitman, and sent 
in a sealed packet to each committee, who shall open the packet 
in presence of the competitors and distribute one to each at the 
hour fixed for the examination commencing. Then when the 
time for work had expired, let all the papers be collected, sealed 
up, and posted to Mr Pitman for examination and award. 

[We hope our correspondents will confine themselves to the 
practical. We have received a much more elaborate scheme of 
examinations than the above, from prepared papers, to be held all 
over the kingdom, with high fees to cover expenses, but we think 
it is unnecessary to occupy space with it. We will intimate here, 
for the consideration of our readers, the alterations which we think 
necessary in the constitution of the Phcmetic Society. Preface 
the *< Form of Application for Menibership " with the following 
paragraph: — 

** "Every candidate for membership in the Phonetic Society and {or a 
Teacher's Certificate (the two being now combined) must have a 
thorough knowledge of Phonography, especially of the roles fi>r out- 
lines given in the " Manual of Phonography," and send, as a spedmea 
of shorthand, half a column of a newspaper, together with the printed 
slip, to the Secretary of the Society. The specimen may be written 
in either the Corresponding or Beporting Style, and must be attested 
by some member of the Phonetic Society, or other responsible perion« 
to have been written by the candidate, without assistance." 

Omit all reference to stars before the names, denoting speed. 
This is a matter that belongs properly to the examinations held by 
the Shorthand Writers* Associations. We consider it to be next 
to impossible that any person could nndeservedly receive a oer- 
tificate if he sent half a column of a newspaper accurately writtsn 
in shorthand, testified to be his own production by a respeetaU* 
person.— Jiif.] j 

Digitized by V^OOQIC 

10 April, 1875. 




** The English Language Spelled as Pronounced, with enlarged 
Alphabet of Forty Letters, a letter for each distinct ele- 
ment in the language." By George Withers, 1«. 

The writer of this pamphlet, as far as we can gather from a 
careful perusal of it, appears to have had two objects in view, 
first, to recommend phonetic spelling as a help in teaching the 
art of reading, and thus facilitating the education of the masses ; 
and secondly, to decry Isaac Pitman, and as far as possible to ig- 
nore the Phoneiie Journal^ its phonetic alphabet^i and evenrthing 
connected therewith for the last quarter of a century. In the 
first object he has succeeded admirably, and deserres high praise ; 
whether he has succeeded in the second object, and whether indeed 
it is a desirable one, it is not for us to offer an opinion. 

An analysis of its 76 pages giyee about 24 pages of original mat- 
ter in the common spelling ; 27 pa^ of quotations from some of the 
hest scholars of the day, deprecating the hindrance which our spel- 
ling interposes to the spread of our language ; — ^these pages are well 
worth the price of the book, and Mr Withers has done good ser- 
-vice by marshalling them; — 12 pa^es quoting the experience of 
teachers who have used the phonetic alphabet for teaching read- 
ing ; (but carefully avoi(Ung all mention of Dr Martin and the 
schools in which he has introduced it at Portlaw, Ireland ;) 9 
pages as a specimen of Phonotypy, describing a course of edu- 
cation as it would be ; and 4 pages for as many exhibitions of 
the current alphabet with its anomalous use of letters, and the 
phonetic alphabet. 

Whatever of honor or disgrace belongs to the phonetic alphabet 
which we employed in this Journal, and in printing the Bible and 
other books, u-om 1847 to 1851, we must share with Mr Ellis as 
joint inyentors and users. Time and use developed in that alpha- 
bet many defects, in the eyes of every reader of the Photietie Journal 
who entered into the reasons for a Spelling Reform, and the best 
means of accomplishing it. We were unwilling to continue using 
the aJphabet as it then stood, and thus throwing on a future gen- 
eration ih» labor of altering it. We spent some years and a good 
deal of money in its improvement. Whatever of disgrace Mr 
Withers may think we deserve for this we willingly take to our- 
sefvea. He now attempts to revive that old phonetic alphabet, 
with all its malformed types and misuse of old letters, placidly 
leaving to posterity the duty of mending it. . Qe might as weu 
attempt to revive the political representation of this country in 

In a pamphlet published by Mr Withers three years ago, occurs 
the foUowing paragraph : — '* If ever the history of the Spelling 
Reform movement shall be fully and faithfully written from the 
commencement, it will contain a severe condemnation of Mr Pit- 
man's fickleness, waywardness, impolicy, and injustice towards 
Mr "ESa^ not to be excused even by the fact of his ]>eing the ori- 
ffinator of the Reading, Writing, and Spelling Reform endeavor." 
We have not heard that the writer has withdrawn this slander 
from cironlatian, or offered any apology for it. The spirit which 
dictated it, dictated also the " little history '* of the Phonetic 
Reform which he has compressed into four pages of this pamphlet, 
hut he now clothes his censure in milder terms. We are de- 
nounced' for improving the instrument by which the reform of our 
spelling is to be effected. 

The faults of the alphabet which we employed twenty-five years 
ago are most evident to an experienced eye. They are : — 

1. It uses the type " a 7 for the sound of this vowel m favor, 
(capital " A,") instead of* employing it for the sound which 
it commonly represents, namely, that m fan. This fundamental 
mistake, as was Add at the time of the reform of the alphabet, 
acts upon the reader just like a big stone in the road, against 
which a man kicks his foot as he proceeds on his journey. 
Wequote'the following words from the first page of Mr Withers's 
specimen : ** mad, da, ma, dar, darfor, stat, grat, trend," 
intended for made, they, may, there, therefore, state, great, trained. 
The reader will naturally give the ah sound in this and all similar 
caaes, and say mad, ttat, etc. This is a part of the great question 
of the inherent value of the roman vowels '* a, e, i, o, u." Through- 
oat Europe the " a" type represents the ah sound, and not the 
eh, aye, or ai sound in faint We should greatly and umnecessa- 
ifly pozsle Englishmen, as well as foreigners, if we placed before 

them the above phonetic representations of wdrds, and required 
them to pronoimce made, great, trained, etc., which ought to be 
represented as ** med, gret, trend," that is, with the long sound of 
the vowel heard in " med, gret, trend." What would a person 
say, on seeing the name ** PEN, PRINTER," in the street ? He 
would certainly read the sign -board as "Pan "or '* Pahn," but 
Mr Withers think^that this is the proper way to represent the name 
** Paine." The different values of the vowel types ** a, c, o, cr," 
in the old Phonotypy and the new, make a concurrent use of the 
two styles impossible, as is shown in the following lines : — 

The words : " man, men, so, ser, put " 
mean in the old Phonotypy : main, mean, so, soy, put(ty) 
and in the new Phonotypy : man, main, saw, so, put. 

The words : " scrape, leave, ought, boat, full, kick " 
appear in the old style as : skrap, lev, et, hot, ful, cic 
and in the new style as : screp, liv, ot, bert, ful, kik. 

Or, to resort to another illustration of a name on a sign-board, Mr 
Withers would represent " GRABE, PAWNBROKER," as 
GRHB, PGNBROCER. This would naturaUy be thought to 
signify "Grab (or Grahb), Pawnbroser." The improved Pho- 
notypy is " GRCB, PONBRCTKER." 

2. The old phonetic alphabet contained a type with a descending 
stroke for a pure vowel, namely, " q " for the sound of ah. We 
allow a tail in " j " because there seems to be no other passable va- 
riation of ** i " than ** i " and " j," and three types of this class 
are necessary for the three sounds in Jit, fiend, //irfa^fit, find, 
4nd." Mr' Withers's '^a " and its capital ** i," assort very ill 
with the rest of the Roman alphabet 

8. Our old Phonotypy, which Mr Withers adopts, is defaced 
with two other bad forms of letters, «* e " and " u." The first is 
heavy, and falls foul of •* e," and the second is a bit of cramped 
ugliness that was universally condemned when we employed it for 
eight years. 

4. The difScult writing letter /u (Roman form " o,") is given 
to the common vowel o in no, and the easy writing letter ^ (Roman 
form " er,") is all but thrown away on the unfrequent diphthong 
01 in eoin, boy, 

5. The worst feature in the arrangement of the consonants of 
that alphabet is the use of " c " for *< k." It misleads the reader 
whene ver it precedes a type of the "e" or "i '* class, and mis- 
directs him to pronounce such words as ** Cent, ci^, cind, mocer, * 
as eent, sing, signed, moser, instead of " Kent, ki^, kjnd, moker." 

6. The letters ** t, d " were condenmed from the first. A few 
years' use of them only deepened the conviction of the public that 
they were not stable forms. The first was too much like ** t," 
especially in the italic " f ;" and " d " was unsightly in its angu- 
larity. Mr Jansen of Exeter gave us an improvement on it in 
** d. " Though both the " d " and " d " matrices were at the type- 
-founder's, Mr Withers, in ordering a supply of letter to print the 
specimen in his pamphlet, chose *^ d !" We have seen similar 
exhibitions of conservatism in politics. 

The general reader naturally feels no interest in these niceties of 
typography, but they are of the essence of the Printing Reform, 
and Mr Withers, in advocating that reform, is inexcusable in ne- 
glecting them. 

One of Mr Withers's best quotations is an extract of eleven pages 
from Sheridan's '* Dissertation on the difficulty of learning the 
English tongue," which we reprinted from Sheridan's works some 
twenty years ago, as a Id, tract. We believe it was never before 
issued separately. It is now out of print, but we intend as soon 
as possible to reprint it. 

As a specimen of Mr Withers's misrepresentation we quote the 
following:— "While the disciples of Phonetic Shorthand have, 
during these twenty years, multiplied by thousands and even tens 
of thousands, the number who approve of phonetic printin^y in 
the form in whi(^ it exists in Mr Pitman's present publications, 
extends scarcely beyond units." To say that among the ten 
thousand subscribers to the Fhonetie Jowmal, and all non-sub- 
scribers who favor the Spelling Reform, there are only nine per- 
sons who approve of our phonetic printing, or rather, for this is 
the point, who prefer our rejected alphabet of 1847 to the present 
reformed one, is a very bold assertion — not to call it by a harsher 
term. When introducing Max MuUer's opinion on phonetic 

Digitized by 




10 April, 1875. 

Bpelling, Mr Withers actually omits the itaUoised part of the fol- 
lowing quotation : — 

" I ought not," says the Professor, (page 97,) " to omit here to 
mention the valuable services rendered bv those who, for nearly 
twenty years, have been laboring in England^ to turn the results 
of scientific research to practical use, in devising and propagating 
a new system of * Brief Writing and True SpeUing,' best faiown 
under the name of the * Phonetic Beform.' I feel convinced of 
the truth and reasonableness of the principles on which that re- 
form rests ; and as the innate regard for truth and reason, however 
dormant or timid at times, has always proved irresistible in the 
end, enabling men to part with all they hold most dear and sacred, 
whether com laws, or Stuart d3ma8ties, or papal legates, or hea- 
then idols, I doubt not that the effete and corrupt orthogrephj 
will follow in their train. Nations have before now changtM their 
numerical figures, their letters, their chronology, their weights 
and measures ; and though Mr Pitman may not live to tee the re* 
stUte of hie pereevering and ditintereeted exertions, it reauires no 
prophetic power to perceive that what at present is poon-poohed 
by the many, will make its way in the end." 

It is an ungracious task to have to point out this one great blot 
which detracts from the usefulness of Mr Withers's book, but it is 
necessary to do so, or we might be supposed to acquiesce in his 
censures. In every other respect it is one of the best defences of 
phonetic spelling we have seen. 

And reeommettded to hs written with joined voweU, in a book en* 
titled, ** The Reporter's Manual of Phonographic Shorthand, with 
Shorthand Vocabulary/' by Dr Wailes, M.D., etc. London: 
Simpkin and Co., 2«. 6i. 

A more worthless and even repulsive production than this book 
we think was never issued from the press in connection with 
shorthand. It seems impossible for a phonographer to read a page 
of it without feeling a degree of anger at such a distortion of 
Phonography. The author might put to the critic the ever-per- 
tinent question, ** Dost thou well to be angry ?'* As *' anger is a 
short madness " we will dismiss the feeling which a first inspection 
of the book excited, and try to g^ve a dispassionate notice of it 

In appearance it would l>e taken for one of our own phono^phic 
iBstructioa books. The very getting up would, at first sight, be 
supposed to indicate that it was pubushed at 20 Paternoster row, 
but a glance at the title-page shows that it is published by another 
house. It contains 164 pages, one size smaller than our own 
*' Manual of PhonognH[>hy,'' etc. There are forty-four pages of 
introductory letter-press, and 120 pages or 60 leaves of alternate 
type and liUiography. The lithography is about as bad a speci- 
men of writing as can be conceived. These 120 pages are occupied 
with a vocabulary, the words being printed on one page in type, 
^running on in lines,) and the opposite containing tlie shorthand 
lorms for them. The book contains between eleven and twelve 
thousand words, mostly monosyllables. Before transcribing a few 
specimens of the hideous forms which the words assume — and this 
due not merely to the penmanship, but inherent in the system — 
we must premise that the alphabet of consonants ia our own, 
with the following deviations : — 

^^nographjf h 1 

? <^ r 

^ ) ) r 



^ Joined Vove't a e 

i u 00 

n t- 

^^ =3 U U 

Flaced VoveU n 

• .« 


\- V, 

There are thus two signs for each vowel ; one to be joined to 
consonants, and another to be written separately, and it id not 
easy to discover which is to be written in any given word. 

There is not a line of consecutive shorthand in the book. We 
quote a few words from the vocabulary : — 

J^ buffalo, ^ bluer f ^'^:^decoroui, 1 dilute, \f^^dueh, 
\/J foolieh, '^^^'9\r^ mueeum, 

^•^^^ approximate. 

By referring to the above table of vowels these words will be seen 
to contain the vowels with which they are ordinarily spelled. J, 
as in dilute, is allowed to be written by a small circle. The prin- 
ciple of the book is wrong, all the details are badly arrangedjand 
the mechanical execution of the lithography is abbminable. With 
joined vowels it is impossible to make a system of shorthand rvgid 
enough for following a speaker. A person might as well attempt 
to drive a mile in a minute in a wagon, as try to follow a speaker 
with the phonographic alphabet and Dr Wailes's joined vowels. 
We deeply regr^ that Phonography should have been so misap- 
plied. The only valuable part of the book is the collection of 
Latin and French phrases, extracted from " Chambers's Etymo- 
logical Dictionary." 

8 Betteridtre T., 75 Wfttorloo itreei, Borton-on-Trent 
t ^ 1 Blook T. A., The Batti, WalsaU 
1 1 DMrie WUliAin, 68 Stone street, Puslej 

•• 1 Hnsk A. J., 4 Rectory pi., Bectory rd., Stoke Newington, Lonclon, N. 
t Inman A. W., 17 Bhodes pUoe, Welhngton row, New Wortlej-, Leeda 
1 Scott John, 40 Oreftt Thornton elreet. Hall 
1 Wataon J., 12 North Sommer street, Dublin 

Aierationt ef Addre»$, 

Webb O. A... from Dndler to 12 Kewby place, Poplar, London, E. 
Hodgkinson 0. R.^from 123 Btandiabgate, to care of Messrs H^^hew and 

Adcook, solicitors, Wigan 

Ltttf (ffinquirjf to tht eonduelort qf wrtireulaton muH ooniaim apo$iafe 
ttamp or on addrotttd potieardi Stwy eommumiaUion for tktt Jo u r nal 
muH h§ auHUtUieated bg ike nawn and addrtu qf tht writer. 

Members wanted for the " Midland Phonographer," an CTercircnlator 
written in the Corresponding and Reporting Styles. The magazine will 
contain interesting stories and anecdotes, homoroos readings, shorthand 
news, pages for oorreffipondenoe, etc. Articles original or sefected, on aar 
■nbject. Three days allowed for reading. The*' Midland Phonetic Herald'' 
lim be circnlated monthly w ith the magaxine. Prise competition, two prixea 
offered. Halfjearly subscription, 9d. ; no entrance fee. Apply to Mr H. 
J. BVown, 48 ElTetham road. Bdgbaston, Birmingham. [Mr Brown forgets 
that this Journal is preparea for the press ten days before date. Henoe hia 
notice could not appear earlier than tne present number. — SdJ] 

Wanted, three members to complete the postal list of an et e rc i rc u lator 
called the *' Reading Express," to be written m the Learners' and easy Oor- 
responding Styles of Phonogr^Bhy. Vo entrance fee; •ubaoripti<m, 1/ per 
annum. All paper found. Ciroojates the "Eclipse." Apply to BIrJoeeph 
Denton, 62 Friar street, Reading. 

Wanted, members for an eyeroirculator entiUed the "Essayist," to be 
commenced on the 1st April nezt-^postal list limited to «ight members. 
Bntraaee fee, 6i. ; annual subscription, 9d, Apply to Mr William C. Bird, 
Denham mount, Uzbridge, Middlesex. 

Wanted, seTcral railwar officials as members to complete the postal list 
of an cTeroircubator called the *' Midland Helpmate," written in this Report, 
ing Shrle of Phonography. Annual subscription, 6d., payable in adTinoe. 
Addrees, Mr A. H. Ward, 4 Gerard street, Derby. 

Wanted, a few phonognsphers who hare studied the '* Manual " to com- 
plete the postal list of the ''^Phonographic Marflower " (No. 8) . This maga. 
tine is written in the Corresponding and easr Reporting Styles, and droulatea 
once a month ; articles original or selectea. Sereral Certifloated Teaehera 
being connected, it is accurately and neaUywritten. No entrance fee ; an. 
nual subscription, 1/. Applr to Mr D. T. Webster, Montrose, N. B. ; or to 
Mr A. Innes, Cambridge nail, Hnddersfield. 

Wanted, a few members to complete the postal list of the " Bsaeyist,** the 
third number of which is now in circulation. The magasine contains articles 
on religions subjects, either original or selected, written in the Reporting 
Style. Annual subscription, 1/, payable in adtanoe ; all paper fbnna. Ad- 
dress, Mr D. A. B. Murray, jun., 29 West George street, Gla^KOW. 

Wanted, a few adranced members for the * ' Mutual ImproTcr ." Entraa6e 
fee 6d, : subscription, (U. ; ladies free. Apply to Mr W. Swindin, 8 Baker 
street, Doncaster. 

Mr Arthur Welland, 6 Commercial place. Lower road, Rotherhithe, Lon. 
don, is about starting a magasine called *' All the World Orer." WIO cir- 
culate the best shdrthand publications. Papers found for remarks, debates, 
criticisms, etc. Half-yearly subscription, 1/. WUl start on the 1st of May. 
Mr Pitman's new magaxine, the *' Shorthand Times," circulated. Members 

MoniroM Pkonopraph^r.^'Wmaied, one or two more memben wanted to 
complete the postal list of this long established maga^e. Ninth year. 
Transcribed in the easy Reporting Style. Annual subscription, 1/6 ; no en- 
trance fee. Apply to Mr H. Webster, 28 Newton street, St John's road, 
Hoxton, London, N. 

Mr B. Hudson, Yiotoria house, Ooatham, Redcar, wishes to oonrsspond 
with a fsw phonographer! of about 21 years of age on any subjeoC. 

Digitized by \^00^ l^ 

10 April, 1875. 

THE PHOKBTIC journal. 



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10 April, 1875. 



(JTiy io Chrrstponding Siffle, page 167.) 

1. In modem times instraction is commuiioated chiefly by 
means of books. Books are no donbt very useful helps to Imow- 
ledge, and in some measure also, to the practice of useful arts and 
accomplishments, but they are not, in anj case, the primary and 
natural sources of culture, and, in my opmion, their virtue is not 
a little apt to be orerrated, even in those branches of acquirement 
where they seem most indispensable. They are not creative 
powers in any sense ; they are merely helps, mstmments, tools ; 
and even as tools they are only artificial tools, superadded to those 
with which the wise provision of Nature has equipped us, like 
telescopes and microscopes, whose assistance in many researches 
reveals unimagined wonders, but the use of which should never 
tempt us to undervalue or to neglect the exercise of our own eyes. 
The original and proper sources of knowledge are not books, but 
life, experience, personal thinkbg, feeling, and acting. When a 
pian starts with these, books can. fill up many gaps, correct much 
that is inaccurate, and extend much that is inadequate ; but, with- 
out living experience to work on,*book8 are like rain and sunshine 
iallen on unbroken soil. 

TIm parchmtnt roll, is that the holy riTsr 

From which one draught thaXi slake the thirst for erer ? 

The oniokening power of soienoe only he 

Can know, from whose own sonl it gashes free. 

This is expressed, no doubt, somewhat in a poetical fiuhion, but 
it contains a great general truth. As a treatise on mineralogy 
can convey no real sdentifio knowledge to a man who has never 
seen a mineral, so neitbor can works of literature and poetry in- 
struct the mere scholar who is ignorant of life, nor discourses on 
music him who has no experience of sweet sounds, nor p^ospel 
sermons him who has no devotion in his soul or purity in his life. 
All knowledge which comes from books comes indirectly, by re- 
flection, and by echo ; true knowledge grows from a living root 
in the thinking soul ; and whatever it may appropriate from with- 
out it takes by living assimilation into a livmg organism, not by 
mere borrowing. 

2. I therefore earnestly advise all young men to commence their 
studies, as much as possible, by direct obaervation of fiiots, and not 
by the men inculcation of statements from books. A usefril book 
was written with the title, '< How to Observe." These three words 
might serve as a motto to guide us in the most important part of 
our early education— a part, unfortunately, only too much 
nefflected. All the natural sciences are particularly valuable, not 
omy as supplying the mind with the most rich, various, and 
beautiful frimiture, but as teaching people that most useful of all 
arts, how to use their eyes. It is astomshing how mucli we all 
go about with our eyes open, and yet seeing nothing. This is 
because the organ of vision, like other organs, requires training ; 
and by lack of training and the slavish dependence on books, be- 
comes dull and slow, and ultimately incapable of exercising its 
natural fnnctiim. Let those studies, therefore, botii in school and 
college, be regarded as primary, that teach young persons to know 
what they are seeing, and to see what they otherwise would fiul to 
see. Among the most useful are, Botany, Zoology, Mineralogy, 
Oedogy, Chemistry, Architecture, Drawmg, and the Fine Arts. 
How many a Highland excursion and continental tour have been 
rendered comparatively useless to young persons well drilled in 
their books, merely from the want m a little elementary knowledge 
in thesQ sciences of observation. 



(Xiy io Beporiing Btgle,page 168.) 

My wish is, in short, to give all classes in Birmingham, in 
Kidderminster, and in the dismct generally, the means of carry- 
ing on, in the capital of the Midlanddistric^ their sdentifio studies 
as completely and thorou^y as they can be prosecuted in the 
great acienoe schools of this country imd the Continent, for I am 

• '* On Self-OoUnre, JnteDectoal, Physieel, and MoraL" A Yede Meeom 
for Yonaa Men and Students. Br John Stoart Blaokie, Professor of Greek 
ittthelwreniijofBdiBbnrih. Fourth Edition. Bdmoastoa and Douglas, 
SdfBb«|A« as. 6d. Xhis valoaUe work will be reprinted entire in this 
Joanal, agr MRBissioa of the author. It wiU extend to rather more than 
' — ^soiiSsn. 

persuaded that in this way alone — ^by the acquirement of sound, 
extensive, and practical* scientific knowledge — can England hope 
to maint^ her position as the chief manufacturing centre of the 
world. 1 have great and I believe well-founded hope for the fu- 
ture of this foundation. I look forward to its class-rooms and 
lecture-halls being filled with a succession of earnest and intelli- 
p^ent students, willing to learn not only all that can be taught, but 
in their turn to communicate their Imowledge to others, and to 
apply it to useful purposes for the benefit of the community It 
is in this expectation that 1 have done my part, thankful to God 
that He has given me the means and the will to do it ; hoping 
that from this place many original and beneficial discoveries may 
proceed ; trustmg that I, who have never been blessed with chil- 
dren of my own, may yet, in these students, leave behind me an 
intelligent, earnest, industrious, and truth-loving and truth-seek- 
ingprogeny for generations to come. (Loud applause,) 

This concluded the ceremonial proceedings. The majority of 
the company then adjourned to a luncheon to' which they had 
been invited by Sir Josiah Mason. On tiie conclusion of the re- 
past, various toasts were given. 

Mr Bright, in acknowledging the toast ** Our Borough Mem- 
bers," said, — I made the observation just now to Mr Jamray Uiat 
if I was not a borough member I am not sure that I should not 
find something appropriate to say. (Laughter.) Borough mem- 
bers seem rather out of place on an occasion of this kind. ('^ No, 
no.") For Mr Dixon and for myself—and I am sure I may in- 
clude Mr Muntx, to whom I was speaking last night about the 
ceremony of to-day — I may say that we are very glad, indeed, to 
be favorably received whenever we come to meet any of our con- 
stituents, and even to meet those who are not able at an elec- 
tion to give us their support. But I have especial|pleasure in 
being here to-day through the kind invitation of Sir Josiah Mason 
— a pleasure which I did not anticipate only two or three days 
ago. The day is one which must be held to be one of extreme 
interest by every person concerned in the welfare of this town. 
(Hear, hear.) 


O^r Lord has tot vs tn prs dat ** hix wil me bi dvn 
vpon de erf. az it iz in de hevenz." He ful ferrs ov die 
p3rpo8 wi ar in denjer ov arerlnkii). Wi ar Datqrali in- 
kljnd to !}ii)k mar ov gaii) tu heven dan ov havig heven 
kvm tu vs. Wi luk tu de fi^ti^r lif. and 5igk ov de hevenli 
stet der, and ov de blesednes ov enterig intu it, widout re- 
flektii) 89 direktli vpon de dezjrabelnea and de posibiliti 
oy mekii) a heven hir vpon de erl. It me bi iisfal tu 
konsider boa dis kan bi dvn. 

Heven iz, pr^marili, a stat ov de m^nd. When ddt stet 
haz bekvm formd, and jvst scr far az it baz bekvm formd, 
it sika tu brig everi;} ii) and eyeri livig biig intu konformiti 
tu its kondi/on ; it aiks tu mek a heven around it. G)l de 
aktivitiz and inflaensez ov avg a stet ov de afekjonz and 
vnderttandig ar direkted tu arenj intu korespondig har- 
moni, and tu impres its pqriti and bi^ti on ol around it. 
His iz a wvrk whig wi mvat dm hir 7pon ert. It iz a 
wvrk whig even hevenli mjnd iz in svm degri ov efort tu 
akomplij. Bvt de difikvltiz in de we, and de nolej dat 
wi kanot efekt eni radikal Qenj in leaieti, and dat wi Jal 
sum pas intu morr fevorabel kondijonz for kvmi^) intu de 
hevenli stet, widout az wel az widin, prevents 98 from mek- 
ii) de efort tu dm az mzq ov de wvrk az posibel in dis l^f. 

Heven kvmz tu erl drm hiiman biii)z ; der iz nv iider 

we oy akses from heven tu erf, — for de ferrsez and prinsipelz 

whig konstitq^t a hevenli stret, and akt direktli vpon de 

kondijonz oy hi;man l^f in dis wvrld. Everi hipian biig 

iz a konektiu link betwin heven and er^i Irm whio de hier 
Digitized by VnOiJ V vC 



10 April, 1875, 

ferrsez ar brot tu ber ^on de lerer formz. 3.e dorrz and 
winderz wHIq &pen betwin heven and de eri ar in de hiiman 
89l. ^8 Bwii) bori wez, and ar enli fasendon de erdli s^d. 
3'e winderz whig transmit de hevenli lj,t ar k^verd wid 
dvst and obstr^ktig s^bstansez ornli on de er^Ii s^d. From 
erd and onr erfli m^ndz k^m de vnli obstrskjon tn de 
hevenli I^t, and de hevenli ferrsez whig ar ever operetig tu 
transform everiiii) intn der 9n l^knes. 

Our ferst W3rk, derfcrr, in trjig ta mek a heven ^pon de 
eri iz wid ourselvz. And de ferst step in dis wvrk, az in 
ol ^derz, iz tu lern hou to dm it. 3.e Lord himself haz 
kondesended ta tiq 78 not ernli b; prisept, bvt b^ ekzampel. 
Hi instr3kted 7S bj men insp^rd for de p^rpos, and Hi 
kem tu tig himself, and enterd intu hiiman kondijonz tn 
Je^ ^s whot wi myst dm, and hou wi kan dm it, tu brit) 
heven doun tu erf. 

It iz not, houever, nesesari tu lern everif ig ypon dis 
ssbjekt beforr wi begin tu praktis. Wi mvst praktis az 
wi ger alog. Prisept and.praktis m^st ger tugeder. When 
wi hav lernd hou tu tek a step, wi mvst tek it. When 
wi hav lernd dat it iz nesesari or dez^rabel tu tek a step, 
wi m3st tri tu tek it. Wi ra^st dm az litel gildren dm 
when de begin tu lern hou tu wok. Our steps, at ferst, 
wil bi vnstedi and fi^, and wi me mit wid meni a fol. Bst 
wi Jal s^ksid, if wi persevir. 

3e ferst leson wi hav tu lern iz tu Qnd out whot wi 
mvst dm, whot hinderz de formejon ov a heven vpon de 
ori. And when wi hav disk^verd wifn hindrans, wi mvst 
set about remmvig it. A? ol de obstrvkjonz tu de forme- 
Jon ov a parades on erf ar plest in de we ov hevenli fersez 
b[ T5S, de mifst bi remmvd b^ vs. 3.9 Lord dsz not ask 
-^s tu kriet a heven vpon de erf. Hi wil dm 6kt -Hi' 
9nli aks vs tu remmv de obstakelz wi hav pleat in hiz we. 

Hir, tm, wi mvst begin wid w^n at a tjm. Wi Jal fjnd 
ser meni, if wi ekzamin wid m3Q kpr, and in de br^tnes ov 
de trm li,t, dat wi ar Isabel tu bi disk^rejd. Bzt der iz 
nor j3st ground for d4t. Wi Jal hav plenti ov help, if wi 
emli dm whot wi kan. Sis remmval ov ivilz iz a penful 
W9rk, bekoz it konsists, olmost herlli, in vndmig whot 
wi hav dvn, and whot wi hav teken gret del[t in dmig. 
It iz diskvrejii) wvrk, bekoz^it iz mvq greter dan wi esti- 
meted. It iz olwez diskvrejii) tu hav our wvrk inkris 
vpon -98 ; tu find, when wi hav dvn ol dat wi svpezd it 
wud bi nesesari tu dm, dat wi hav emli begvn de wvrk. 
By t az wi get meq; l^t, wi Jal Qnd les koz for diekvrejment ; 
for, older, de inkris ov l^t revilz an inkris ov wyrk, it olsa 
revilz a msq larjer inkris ov asistans, and de mor rezolmtli 
wi engej in it, de izier it bekymz. 

3i8 wsrk ov remmvig obstrykjonz tu de hevenli ferrsez 
whig de Lord sendz tu mek a heven vpon de erf, beginz 
in de afekjonz. Wi myst ferst trj tu refren from lyvig 
enifig whig iz vnhevenli. Wi myst refren from lyvig our- 
selvz merr dan de Lord, and onr em interests merr dan de 
gud ov 3derz. When wi §nd out bi de prisept or de 
ekzampel ov our Lord, whot hiz wil iz in eni'partikqlar, wi 
my St tri tu dm dat ins ted ov oar em w(l. Wi royst put 
a konstrent ypon our afekjonz, and when wi fjnd dem 
dwelig wid satisfakjon ypon enifin whig iz impi^r, fols , 
and krmel, wi myst tym dem awe from it. Ser far az wi 

dm, hevenli afekjonz wil tek der plea. Wi kan dm dis. 
If wi ar filii) ynkjndli terardz eniwyn, and meditetig re- 
venj for sym injun, wi kan restren de filig, and kompel 
ourselvz tu refren from iven wijig tu dm dem eni injuria 
Wi kan determin dat wi wil not hyrt yderz and dat wi wil 

tri ^° Q°^ ^^^ ^i ^® gud ^^ ^^^ ii^ ^^T^' ^ ^^ <lai ^isy ^i 
giv hevenli influensez akses tu de afekjonz, and de Lord 
beginz tu imbii d^m wid a hevenli spirit, and tu merld dem 
intu a hevenli form. 

3e nekst step iz tu refren from figkig ivil. Wi kan 
kontrerl our f ots izier dan wi kan our afekjonz ; or it simz 
tu ys dat wi kan. Se nfekjonz tek on form and apir in 
de fots. Bezistin ivil fots ^om gud metivz, iz rezistig 
ivil afekjonz. Wi kan refren from f igkig ivil. Wi kan 
luk doun ypon onr fots and kontrel dem. When, derfvr, 
wi find ourselvz f igkig ynkindli ov yderz, and dwelig wid 
eni degri ov plejur ypon der feligz, or f igkig hou wi kan 
tek advantej ov dem in a bargen, or in eni we hyrt dem 
or dm dem an injuri, wi myst sis tu dm it ; wi myst tym 
our fots in any der direkjon. Az wi dm dis, heven wil 
kym doun intu our ynderatandigz, and form itself der. 
Az wi remmv de folsitiz whig obstrykt, de hevenli lit ov 
ieniiin trmf wil enter, and its rez wil fle out in de form ov 
hevenli fots. ** Cariti f igkef nor ivil." Our ynderstandig 
bekymz a form ov gariti. 

When dis iz akomplijt, and ser far az it iz akompliji, 
heven iz kymig doun tu erf. It haz teken tta steps, ^er 
iz wyn merr beferr it rigez de erf. 

c[e ferd step iz hevenli spig and akjon. It iz izier tu 
kontro*! spig and akJon, dan afekjon and fot. Wi me 
kontrerl de akJon and mek dat hevenli in form, whil de 
fots and akjonz ar direktU de opozit. Byt it iz hevenli 
enli in apirans. When de afekjon and fot ar hevenli, 
spig and akJon wil smn bekym S9 olser. Hevenli spig iz 
trm, piir, kind; fbf ful and helpful ov everif ig gud and trm. 
Hevenli akJon iz akJon direkted tn sym form ov i^s. It 
iz akJon whig aliviets syfbrin, whig korekts de erig, in- 
strykts de ignorant, and helps forward in a hevenli lif. 
Tu deekstent ov itsinfluens, it arenjez hiiman sesieti intu 
hevenli order, and imbuz hitman minds wid hevenli 
prinsipelz ; it helps tu brig heven doun tu erf, and tu 
estabhj it bin Everi hevenli afekjon whig kan get klerdd 
wid a jenHin trmf, and plant its fit ypon de erf, beginz tu 
wyrk tu mek erf hevenli. 

c[is iz de prerses bi whig heven kymz doan and establijez 
itself ypon de erf. It iz frm hi;man mindz. Az fast az 
wi remmv de obstrykjonz, it kymz doun ; and az fast az 
it kymz doun it genjez de hvl mind intu hevenli switnea 
and pi^riti, and operets in everi sfir ov hitman lif, tu mek 
a heven ypon de erf. A man or wuman hm haz bekym in 
eni degri syg a form, iz an erpen pfif betwin erf and heven 
for de asent and desent ov even hevenli gud. Hez hui 
hav bekym syg formz ar de ganelz ov de river ov lif, whig 
ijuz from de f rern ov God, and flerig frm everi hitman 
fakylti, woterz it, and meks everif ig liv, whiderserever it 
kymef ; it meks a paradis ov erf, and kips it frej and 
grin, and frmtful. 

Everiwyn hm dezjrz tu si a heven ypon de erf, wil be* 
gin bi putig awe from himself ol dat hinderz heven from 
kymi^ tu erf frm him. Hi wil begin tu dm it in lit«l 
fii)z, m afekjon, fot, and in everi form ov akJon. Ser hi 
wil bekym a senter ov hevenli infiuens ; hevenli lit wil 
jin frm him ; and hevenli didz wil bi dyn bi him. Hi 
bekymz a kondyktig midiym, transmitig hevenli ferrsez 
tu merld erf wid hevenli formz. — Nti York Metenjer, 

Printed hj Isumo Pitmui flnveDtor of Pbonomphy) «t tbe Flioo«tio 
Institiite, Kingston Bofldings, Bftth ; and PnbOihed 1^ V. Pttiaaa, at 
the FhonttlolMp^ SO Pnternort«r Bow, London. All oomnuiMlloat 
for the Bditor to be nd d re w id, Imm>o Ptennn. Beth. 

:ed by VnUO^ 

Digitized by ^ 



17 April, 1876. 



SATURDAY, 11th APRIL, 1875. 


OommmnieaHomfoT thi$ Depariment qfiheJottmalf NoHeetqfEvereirculaton, 
He,, tkould M wriiten $«pairaleUffrom letUr$, and marked ** Journal** 

BRADFORD. From /. A. Suteliffe.—Uj classes at the Church 
Institute have just finished the second quarter of the second ses- 
sion, and the examination for prizes took place on Thursday night, 
the Ist instant. The result was as follows : — Elementary class, 
first prixe, heing the Phonetic Journal for 1873, neatly bound, won 
by Ernest Ive. Second prize, the " Phonographic Student," won 
by John Fletcher. The advanced class, first prize, comprising 
the Fhonetie Journal for 1874, won by J. A. Travis Second 
prize, the " Shorthand Magazine," won by S. E. Dean. The ad- 
vanced class were tested in their speed five minutes and in the 
transcription of a report and in reading. The elementary class 
had a few Questions set, a list of words to write out, and a reading 
exercise. During the last month I have received a few more pri- 
vate pupils, and uiey all appear to be doing very well indeed. I 
am now at liberty to begin a new class at my own residence, or 
to take a limited number of private pupils. 

CHIPPENHAM. From Walter GUl,\\m.^k lecture in con- 
nection with the Literary and Scientific Institute was given to a 
small but appreciative audience on Wednesday, the 7Ui instant, 
byMfW. A. Clark at the New Hall, on "Shorthand Writing 
and Reporting," John Wilson, esq., in the chair. The lecturer, 
who stated at the outset that his knowledge was only theoretical, 
briefly referred to the early history of shorthand, and the different 
systems invented, giving the preference to Phonography, as the 
b^ and most complete. "He also alluded to Dickens's life as a 
reporter, and to the arrangements for reporting in Parliament. 
The Rev. C. Clarke, who had materially assisted his brother by 
his excellent chart of the different shorthand signs, made a few 
suitable remarks at the close of the lecture. 

LEEDS Shorthand Wkitbrs* Association.— At a meeting 
held on 'Friday evening, the 2nd April, Mr Gummerson read a 
well- written essay on " Character." He treated the subject from 
a moral point of view, and showed what an advantage it was to 
have a good character, and how desirable that we should live a 
noUe and upright life. The discussion which followed the read- 
ing of the essay was not so animated as usual, as, from the manner 
in which the subject was treated by the essayist, there was not 
much room for any diversity ef opinion amongst the members. 

LONDON.— The Cursitor Reporting Club was started about 
six months aeo by some members of a shorthand class, and although 
our number have never exceedetl a dozen, we have held together 
very well. As we had not then finished the " Reporter's Com- 
panion," we began composing exercises upon the similar words, 
etc., but soon found out that the " Reporting Exercises •* saved us 
that trouble. It was suggested at the last meeting that the club 
might be enlarged ; if so we should have to get other accommoda- 
tion, but it would be in the same district, W.C. The reading is 
not at a less rate than seventy words per minute, and those who 
cannot find the ** intelligent lad " referred to in the " Reporter " 
to read to them, might do worse than join us, for we are unani- 
mous upon having derived much advantage from the practice. 
For inquiries sddr^, H. B. Ellis, 7 Tachbrook st., London, S.W. 

LONDON Phonetic Shorthand Writers* Association.— At 
the weekly meeting of this Association, held on the 26th March, 
after the usual reporting practice, Mr W. E. Ainsworth read an 
essay on " Cremation," in which he advocated its introduction in 
place of the present system of burial, the evils of which were dis- 
cussed in an able manner. Some interesting criticisms followed, 
in which several of the members took part, and the feeling of the 
meeting appeared to be in favor of cremation. 

REDRUTH. From T. Itiekard.— The shorthand olass here 
has not been without its results in the phonetic world, one of its 
former members and teachers being at present engaged as reporter 
and sub-editor of a London weekly newspaper. The small library 
belonging to the class will be kept till, perhaps, next autumn or 
winter, to see if another class can be formed. 

ROCHESTER. From the Chatham and JRoche^t^ Observer,^ 
At the usual weekly meeting of the members of the Vines Mutual 
Improvement Society, held on Monday evening, 5th April, in one 
of the class rooms of the Christian Institute, Rochester, a paper 
on " Reformed Spelling " was read by Mr R. Collins, member of 
the Phonetic Society. The essayist commence by qtiotina^ the 
opinions of several eminent educationists in support of spelling 
phonetically, and then proceeded to review some of the discrep- 
ancies and anomalies of the present English orthography, several 
of which were very amusing. He next pointed out the great 
saving of time and money to be effected by the adoption of Mr 
Pitman's system, and its many advantages over the present mode 
of spelling, and closed by appealing to those present to support 
this reform, which must prove a great boon to this nation and to 
the world. 

A discussion followed, in which all the speakers bore testimony 
to the great need of reform in this direction, and one or two 
pointed out some of the difficulties presenting themselves at any 
attempt to change the spelling of the English language. The 
Chairman, in his closing speech, stated that if the difficulties — ' 
caused by irregularity in spelling, etc.,— which presented them- 
selves in English, had surrounded the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin 
languages, he should not have had patience to master them, but 
one great feature in these dead languages was phonetic spelling. 

The essayist, in replying to those who had so ably discussed 
the matter, expressed pleasure at the almost unanimous verdict of 
the Society in favor of spelling by sound, and further referred to 
the works of Mr Pitman upon the subject, and to the aims of the 
Phonetic Society. 



From Janies Donaldson, Glasgow. — It would almost seem that 
the phonographic question of the day is that which Mr Moor has 
made the title of his recent pamphlet, namely, " What is to be the 
future of the Phonetic Society ?" In many magazines it has for 
a considerable time been a subject of earnest discussion, and it has 
at once afforded room for the ventilation of some good ^ense and 
of a good deal of nonsense. There can be no doubt that some of 
those who have been writing on this subject have been actuated 
by the best of motives, and a real desire to see the Phonetic Soci- 
ety so changed that it would have more influence than it now has 
in utilising and controlling the action of its members in the interests 
of Phonography, But there can be as little doubt that some have 
made this subject a stalking-horse for the purpose of airing per- 
sonal spleen against the inventor of Phonography. 

Perhaps you will kindly allow me to give expression to some 
of my personal experiences and impressions widi tegard to this 
matter. And first as to the question of finance. I have been a 
member of the Phonetic Society during the last ei^ht- years. If 
I had chosen to pay the minimum subscription this would only 
have cost me 6*. altogether. For this I have had the pleasure of 
enjoying a visible bond of brotherhood with many thousands of 
other phonographers. While still a stranger to you, I received 
many packets of tracts which have been the means of doing much 

food to the phonetic cause. I received at least six Annual Ad- 
resses. Some four or five years ago, in common with all first 
class members, I received, almost gratis, an elegantly bound vol. 
containing the Teacher, Manual, and Questions, and another con- 
taining the Reporter and Phrase Book, and since then still another 
presentation copy of the " Manual." So that altogether I must 
say I have been quite satisfied with my quid pro quo, and I can 
assure you I have no intention of discontinuing my membership. 
As I have received no exceptional privilege, my experience must 
be that of all first-class members. Those who were second-class 
have had the privilege of helping on a cause which they love, by 
the ready means of a small contribution, and all third-class mem- 
bers have had Uie opportunity of making the acquaintance of pro- 
ficient phonographers in any part of the country, and getting their 
exercises corrected for nothing. 

The teaching of Phonography is certainly not a very remuner- 
ative business, and it must be a great advantage to the cause that 
some professiciial teachers are enabled to stick to the work through 
the exceptional benefiU conferred upon them by the Phonetic 

Digitized by 




17 April, 1875. 

Fund. On the whole, it seems to me that the Phonetic Societjr 
has done and is doing a great amount of good work, and that it 
is a most churlish posit on they occupy who will neither enter in 
themselves nor suffer others to do so. 

A great ado is made about the regular issue of a balance sheet, 
but I confess I do not see that this is of the slightest consequence. 
You cannot possibly have vouchers for the innumerable packets 
of tracts that you are constantly sending away, and those who 
have lost all faith in human honestv would not be satisfied though 
they had a balance sheet submitted to them every week. 

The constitution of the Society, as interpreted by past practice, 
shows with sufficient plainness what it is intended to accomplish, 
and those who are not satisfied with this should just keep out of 
it altogether. ^ Let such eat, drink, or smoke the amount they an- 
nually spent in keeping up their connection with the Phonetic 
Society, and then they will be delivered from the nightmare of 
uncertainty which at present troubles them in the absence of a 
definite answer to the important question, " What has become of 
inysixpeiice P* 

Having used Mr Moor's name, it is only proper that I should 
now say that my remarks arc not intended for him. lie writes in 
a respectful style, to which a certain London coterie are strangers, 
and he seems to aim at what manv of the warmest friends of Mr 
Pitman desire, namely, a national union of the local Shorthand 
Writ-ers* Associations. Such a union, if effected on a proper ba- 
sis, and managed in a wise and kindly spirit, might he of great 
service to the cause of Phonography, and we may hope that it is 
one of the certainties of the future. But such a union cannot be 
had while the avowed object of its leading advocates is to depose 
Mr Pitman from his position as head of uie phonographic move- 
ment. Phonography was invented by an individual and not bv 
an Association, and common sense and ordinary g^titude will 
cause the great body of phonoeraphers, in the future and in the 
past, to stick to i^lr Pitman rather than to the Babel builders who 
nave set to tiiemselyes the inglorious task of wounding his heart 
and undermining his influence. 

As to certificates of phonographic proficiency, it seems to me 
that the only plan to make them really worth anything would be 
to secure that the writing for which they are itranted should be 
done without help of any kind in the presence of individuals known 
to vou. 

[A note on the above observation respecting the editor of this 
Journal as the " head of the phonetic movement " seems necessary. 
We have never, by word or deed, assiuned such a position. We 
have merely given utterance, in this Journal, to the national desire 
for brief writing and true spelling ; and in ever^ way have striven 
to show that phonetic spelling is a practical thin^. We disclaim 
leadership, and desire only the privilege of laboring in the cause 
of literary truth, and thus in the cause of goodness, for ** all truth 
leads to good." It is in the power of the tens of thousands of 
plionographers, hy theu$cof phonetic lonffhand, to lift the Spelling 
Beform horn the region of talk to the region of fact. Let us all 
thus show our faith, or trust in our principles, by our works. Let us 
spell truly as well as speak the truth. We have heard tbat fool- 
ish, untrue, and spiteful things respecting Isaac Pitman and sup- 
posed leadership have been written in some of the shorthand 
magazines, and one editor gives prominence to the notice that in 
his magazine '* anything of the anti- Pitman character will be 
rejected ;" but we confess our own personal ignorance of these 
tlungs. We have not read a line of such writing, and never in- 
tend to. We hope to be preserved from doing anything half so 
foolish.— J5tf.] 

From S. £. — like Mr Pitman I have been disappointed in read- 
ing Mr Moor's pamphlet It appears to be written in the same 
querulous style in which a certain section of phono(n-aphera wrote 
in 1862, when the 11th edition of the " Manual of Phonography " 
was issued. There is moreover a great want of consistency in it. 
The writer complains of work unfulfilled by Mr Pitman, and ob- 
serves, ** It is difficult for him to attend to the business of the 
Phonetic Society and fulfil the duties of Secretary and Treasurer 
to the Phometio Society,** and yet twice in the after part of his 
pamphlet suggests that Mr Pitman should hold the offices of Presi- 
dent, Secreta^ and Treasurer. Further on he says that members 
complain of having no voice in the management of the Society's 

affairs. This appears to be a gratuitous assumption on the part 
of Mr Moor, for it makes no distinction bptween those who are 
satisfied and those who are discontented. How many complain ? 
Surely not the whole of the 1.800. I do not know of one in this 
locality who makes a complaint of ^his kind. We believe that 
the subscriptions are spent in the propagation of Phonography — 
not in paying the expenses of the publi'^'atlon of the text books. 
And after all, what is there to manage ? for Mr Pitman has fre- 

?uently informed the subscribers of the two purposes to which the 
nnds are appropriated. Notwithstanding all the complaints made 
Mr Moor says, *' that Mr Pitman has done his utmost for the cause 
no one doubts.*' Where, then, is the reason for asking him to do 
more — to re-organise, etc. ? 

Then we are told that learners do not avail themselves of the 
offer of first-class members to correct exercises . Surely this isa 
strange charge to bring to show the non-efficiency of the Society, 
for if persons prefer to pay for instruction instead of receiving it 
gratis, or choose to acquire Phonography from the text-books 
without a teacher, or receive help from one who is not a member, 
what blame is that to the Society ? Another complaint is still 
stranger, — that " all phonographers have not learned the system 
by the efforts* of the Society.'* Does Mr Moor wish to compel all 
who want to learn, to learn from the members only ? or does he 
mean to say that the Society should have exerted itself to such an 
extent that no one could have acquired Phonography without in 
some mysterious way being influenced to do so by the Society ? 

The obscurity of the Society is also complained of. I^ut nearly 
all the text books advertise its existence and objects, and announce 
that learners can receive assistance from it freely. How else can 
it made known ? By advertising io the public papers ? That 
would not be half so effective as the circulation of the Society's 
tracts, and would also be much more costly, and unless the mem- 
bers subscribed much larger sums its funds would soon sink to 

After all, I cannot see how Mr Moor's pamphlet will tend to 
further Phonography, unless he intends to present the Society 
with the profits, and so enable Mr Pitman to distribute more 
tracts, or to assist him in removing the remainder of the debt on 
the new Institute. 

From the Hon, Ion Keith Falconei^ Trinity College, Cambridge. 
— As to the number of members in the Phonetic Society, we all 
look forward, at least I do, to the day when every intelligent per- 
son will write Phonograph;^ ; and when that takes place the 
Phonetic Society would consist (on the present system) of a mil- 
lion or so of persons, which would be impossible. In the meantime 
I think the Phonetic Society should only consist of persons who 
are perfectly able and competent to assist others in learning the 
art, thus excluding the third class altogether. For myself I do 
not see the use of a Phonetic Society at all when the majority of 
sensible people write shorthand, since the primary aim of the So- 
ciety is to extend the art. Meanwhile, as I say, it should only 
consist of persons thoroughly able and 'U'illing to help others. 
Means should be taken to prevent persons who covet the honor of 
a Certificate more than they covet the knowledge by which it is 
gained, from passing off as their own writing what has been eitiier 
written for them, or corrected, by another person. I can thiiik 
of no better plan than the one you mention, namely, that every 
member of the Phonetic Society must be introduced by a member, 
or some other responsible person, who will guarantee that his 
specimen of writing is his own unaided production. 

History of Shorthand.— Ur J. E. Bailey, of Stratford, Man- 
chester, has in preparation a ** General Bibliographical History of 
Shoithand," in wnich every method professes to have a place. 
For the purpose in hand Mr Bailey has examined most of the 
rarer systems in the Public Libraries of England, and possesses a 
larger list of shorthand works, etc., than has yet been made public ; 
but there are still several which he has not yet seen. With a view 
to perfecting the proposed history, Mr Bailey would be glad to 
hear of any gentleman who is interested in the subject, and who 
might be willing to afford aid by lending, selling, exchanging, or 
communicating any shorthand rarities in their possession. Books 
belonging to the seventeenth and eighteenth centwies are most 

Digitized by 


17 April, 1875. 





f 3 Abbey ThoniM, 9 Baxton road, Haddersfleld 

1 1 Bryc© David, 86 High «treet, Pablev : clerk 

1 1 Crawford William, 18 King street. Paisley 

3 Erans J. D., Yniscedwrn, near Swansea: boiler maker 

t • 1 Gallowar (Jeorge, Brigbouse, Yorkshire : shorthand writer 

1 1 Jackson Bllison, Glen View terrace, Shipley, Yorkshire 

2 McCann Robert, Q^nal Dover, Ohio, U.S.A. : teach'^r of Phonography 

3 Muse William P., 28 Graham street, Penrith, Cumberland : draper 
3 Newton P. C, 12 Belgrave terrace, Torquay 

2 Parker Thomas, 2 Tracey street, Plymouth 
t Scott B. D., 3 (Jarthland street. Paisley 

3 Smith G. J., 6. E. B., 7 Commercial street, Shoredltch, London, E. 
1 Walrasley John, 33 Helen street, Lower Audloy, Blackburn 

3 Wall bam C. A., 13 Charlotte street, Hull 

• 1 Whire G. A., 1 Mawson street, SHltaire, near Bradford, Yorks. 

3 Wilde John, 13 Evening street, Fails worth 

3 Wilson B., Kimberworlh road, Mnsbro, Rotherham, Yorks. : clerk 

t Wood George, Hetton station. Fence houses, co. Durham 

AttnUionB (ff Addrus, 

Uale James, from 146 Great Charles street to 143 Gerrard street, Losells, 

Hallc^ A. a.,Jh>m Id Harley st. to 7 Elgin road, Kensington. park, London, 

Proctor Henr>', Jrom Barrow-in-Furness to Police station, Norden, near 

ZetUrw ofinqH¥rg to the eonductors qf evrtireuiatott must eoniain a pottage 
ttamp or am addre—ed postcard. Every eommuHieation for ihU Jout*nal 
mutt be authenticated by the name and address qfthe writer. 

Wanted, five members to complete the postal list of the " Quiver," now 
on its second round ; oondncted by Messrs Jones (of Rnthin). and Marriott. 
It is devoted chiefly to the study of EugUsh composition and the elements 
of Lo^o, and is written iu the easy Reporting; Style. Paper for remarks, 
questions, discussions, and witty sayings, provided oy the conductors. Sub> 
scription, ]/ per annum, commenciug from the date of joining the magasine. 
Address, Tom Marriott, 6 Stamford terr., Begent rd., Salfora, Manchester. 

Wanted, members for the " Mutual Benefit Everciroulating Library," 
which circulates all the monthly shurthaud magazines. Half-yearly sub- 
scription, 1/. Address, Mr Pearce, 16 Camden plaoe, Bath. 

An evercirculator, the ** Mirth-Maker," which some time ago was un. 
avoidably stopped in its circulation, will again appear during the present 
month. Members would do well to apply at once to Mr B. Hudson, Victoria 
boose, Coatham, Kedcar. No fees. Ladies especialW invited to join. 

A few good writers are wanted to complete the postal list of the " Wheel of 
Life," an evercirculator written in the Keporting and Corresponding Styles 
Spare sheets for correspondence, advertisements, outline list, ezchang 
oolumn, etc. Xo entrance fee ; annual subscription, 6^. Apply to Mr W® 
Benham, 61 Crouch street, Coldhester. 

Mr William Barratt, 4 Church street, Heaton Norris, Stockport, would 
be glad to correspond with some phonographer with a view to learning the 
Freiaeh langnagge. No objection to giving lessons in return in physical geo- 
<P*phy, geoi jv, or raa;;a.»CMJi aa-i ei«»ccrijitf. 

TeatA^r^s C«r<(/lea/ff.— The phonographer who holds a Teacher's Certificate 
to which he is not entitled, referred to on page 134, has left his late residence, 
and our letter to him is retUined, marked, " Gone away, no address." We 
shall be obliged if the friend who forwarded to us some of his letters can 
Mcer tain his present address. 

B, £. — In excursionist^ revisionist, the st stroke may be struck upward 
after the /W hook. In abolitionist it is convenient to write the st stroke 


Mr Henri Riqard, de Member for de grefc iroa.w«rkig 
and kolieri konstitiienai ov Mcder T»dvil, Aberder, Doulea, 
Herwcn, aad Mounton AJ. haz, for meni yirz, okivpjd a 
lidig poziJoD ia meni popular mtuvments, and espe/ali in 
dcrz koaekted wid de ediikejonal advansment aod de 
politikal enfranQ^zroent ov de industrial klasez, and olsa 
wid eforts ta brii) about merr rajonal and konsiliatori m^dz 
ov setlii) intemajonal disputs dan an habitual rezort tu de 
serd. and de konsekwent meutenans ov dez vast armaments 
whig, in everi k^ntri, form Bsq a kr^jjig burden 3pon de 
toilig taks-pcer. 

Hi woz born in 1812, at Tregaron, in Kardiganjer, ov 
t5T&\i WelJ anaestri, bi hiz parents on hoi s^dz : and, from 
hiz boihud ta de prezent de, hi haz kerfuli Qerijt hiz heredi- 
tari sentiments ov hv and reverens for de Frinsipaliti, its 

pjpel, its tradijonz, and its laggwej. Hi iz a Weljman 
ov Weljmen, and iz regarded wid 89q estim and respekt 
b^ ol klasez ov hiz feler-k^ntrimon, from Aggelsi tu 
Glamorgan, dat hi me bi sed ta bi, in a maner, a member 
ov Parliment, not mJrli for Merler, b^t for ol Welz. And, 
on hiz 8[d, it haz de pr^d ov hiz l^f tu sik everi opor- 
tiiniti ov dmii) onor tu hiz orn pipel. When, in 1846, de 
reperts ov s^ra Government Komijonerz sent tu inkw^r 
intu de stet ov edi(,keJon in Welz wer poblijt, kontenig, 
az hi and m9st Weljman belivd, a grors karikati^r ov do 
relijiss and serjal stet ov de kvntri, Mr Riqard stud vp in 
defens ov hiz ksntrimen, and in an elaboret lektii,r deliverd 
at Krozbi Hoi, whicj woz afterwardz pvblijt, ekzamind and 
refuted de alegejonz ov de Komijonerz. Svm yirz leter hi 
folord y p hiz defens ov Weljmen b^ a valiiabel siriz ov leters 
on de sem ssbjekt in de Monwj Slav nqzpeper. cLiz wer 
afterwardz ijii,d az a smol voli^m. cler efekt woz msg mor 
dan a nslifikejon ov de Komijonerz' Blui Buk. He remmvd 
meni snfonnded prejudisez ov log standig, iven in de mjndz 
ov intelijent personz. At de gaderig ov de WelJ Rajonal 
^stedvod (Eisteddfod), held at Mold, in Ogsst, 1873, de 
den Pr^m Minister, Mr Gladstcn, in hiz orpenig spiQ, sed : 

*' ^ wil fragkli an tu h dat i hav Jerd, at a former t^m, 
and beferr i had akwanted myself wid de s^bjekt, de pre- 
judisez whig prevel, tu s^m ekstent, wid respekt tu Welz, 
and I ksm bar tu tel q, hou and wh^ i hav genjd m^ orpinion. 
It iz enli fer dat i Jud se dat a kontriman ov i^rz, a mast 
ekselent Weljman, Mr Ricjard, M.P., did a grct dil tu 
apen m^ ^z tu de trm stet ov de fakts b; a siriz ov leterz 
whig, S5m yirz agor, hi adrest tu a mornig j^mal, and 
whig hi svbsekwentli pvblijt in a smol voliim, whig i 
rekomcnd tu de atenjon ov ol personz hui me bi interested 
in de ssbjekt.** 

He onfortqnet pozijon ov meni ov hiz konstitqents, in 
konekjon wid risent konflikts betwin de jronmasterz and 
der w^rkbrz in Soa;f Welz, haz klemd Mr Bigard'z dipett 
simpali, and haz led ta hiz aktiv endevorz tu render dem 
ed. Meni agkj^^s dez and wiks hav bin devorted bi him 
tu endevor ta brig about a satisfaktori solmjon ov de difi- 
ksltiz involvd ;.and older )^\z serkvmstansez, az vnkonekted 
wid de iron tred, or wid eni iider brang ov komers, hav 
plest him in a pozijon ov mvg diaadvantej and delikasi, 
when plidig wid de masterz on behsf 07 der men, hi haz 
not Jrsgk from repited atempta in dis direkjon. In 
Janari, 1875, de Asajieted Emploierz ov Soul Welz iji^d 
a dokiiment referig tu w^in ov Mr Higard'z komq,nikeJonz, 
seig : — ** He Kounsil ov de Asajiejon ov Kolieri CTnerz 
hav resivd, and taken intu der ernest konsiderejon, a leter 
ov de 251 ov Desember, riten bj Mr Henri Bigard M.P., 
tu de german ov de asajiejon." He masterz den eksplend 
in ditel der rizonz for ar^vig neverdeles at a konklmson 
advers tu Mr Bigard'z wijez, and konklmded b^ stetig der 
deai3on :— ** Nor Bard ov Konsiliejon, na melod ov arbi- 
trejon, kan [der remuiv de ekzistig distres, or kwoliQ de 
nesesiti for a redokjon ov wejez." Hens de responsibiliti 
ov de penful events whig hav teken plea woz ent^rli ast^md 
bi de emploierz, whilst Mr Bigard haz wogt and sizd everi 
oporti^niti ov advaketig de koz ov hiz distr&i^t konstitHents, 

Digitized by \^00^ VC 



17 April, 1875. 

Mr EiQard'z fcrst elekjon for Merger, in Noryember, 
1868, woz a meat iri^mfant maQifesteJon oy de estim en- 
tertend for him b^ biz k^ntrimen. Olda biz felor kandi- 
deU, Mr Brras (nou Lord Aberder) and Mr Fodergil, iq 
pozest imens interest, and, from der lekal pozijon az land- 
enerz and emploierz, wer yeri formidabel kompetitorz, 
Mr Sigard obtend nirli az meni verts az bed ov dem 
tugeder. Hiz ssbsekwent Parlimentari karir baz fuli 
responded tu de sa^gwin berps ov biz niimer^s frendz. 
Hi bad not bin meni wiks in de Hous bef^r bi med s^q 
a fsrcr ekspersur oy de intimidetir) elektoral praktisez ov 
meni ov de WelJ landlordz terardz der pmr tenants dat de 
kastigejon den administcrd b^ bim baz med a veri saliitari 
iraprojon on dat klas ov prerprietorz Irmout de Prinsipaliti. 
cle prominent pozijon teken b^ bim in de debets on Najonal 
Edi^kejon and on de konekjon ov G^rQ and Stet ar tm 
wel ncrn and aprijietcd tu nid fsrder referens. Almjon 
me, bouever, bi med ta biz valqabel and ksrej^s eforts 
last se/on tu obten a repil ov de 251 kloz ov de Edi^kejon 
Akt. Notwidstandig de gret majoriti at Mr Dizreli'z bak, 
Mr Eigard, on dis okeson, ralid 89 pouerful a kombinejon 
oy de Liberal parti (inklmdii) Mr Br^t, Mr Ler, and Mr 
Gerjen) dat der kan bi litel dout dat biz berld frvnt and 
de indikejon ov rev^vii) pouer on ddt sj[d, matiriali, or 
iven desisivli, influenst Mr Dizreli, Jortli afterwardz, tu 
abandon biz retrergresiv Endoud Skmlz Bil, oldor ebel tu 
komand a ignited Konservativ s^perrt ov de megur. 

Mr Eigard'z prominent advokasi ov pis and gudwil 
am^gst de najonz, and biz ekstensiv j^rniz at hem and 
on de Eontinent in dis propagandizm, bav ernd for bim, 
in meni kworterz, de titel ov de " Aposel ov Pis." And 
indid de hel kwestion baz asiimd a remarkabel bredl and 
depl ov influens on berm and foren psblik opinion sins biz 
leborz bav bin direkted terardz its pramerjon. Hi baz 
med it a prominent em ov hiz l^f tu dev^z praktikal and 
stetsmanl^k melodz ov ajitetig dis ssbjekt. Whilst never 
neglektig de moral and relij^s argi^ments in its s^perrt, 
bi baz olwez akted on de prinsipel dat tu render it a ssk- 
sesful mmvment, it m^st bi ser direkted and prezented az 
tu fvrnij lejisleterz and Eabinets wid riali praktikabel 
melodz ov embodiig pasifik aspirejonz. Mr Bigard baz 
never feld tu point out de fizibiliti ov svq melodz b j minz 
ov intemajonal arbitrejon, bi stipqletig klozez in tritiz, 
previdig for a pisful setelment ov dispi^ts dat m^t ar^z, 
and bi definit preperzalz for a kerdifikejon ov de loz ov 
nejonz, and an oloritativ ekspozijon ov svq loz. 

S^m ov biz ferst eforts in dis direkjon wer vnderteken 
in konj^gkjon wid Mr Elibii B^rit, and rez«lted in de 
memorabel siriz ov Pis Koggresez, held dqrig de yirz 
1848-52, at Br^selz, Paris, Fragkfort, London, Mangester 
and Edinb3r9, whig, bj gaderig msltitiidz tugeder, and 
elisitig de pasifik advokasi ov s^g men az Eobden, Br^t, 
Lamartin, Arsger, Humbeldt, Libig. Vijer ^Visschers), 
Smriggar, Burit, Eevalie ^Chevalier), Eerkeril ^Coquerel), 
Ser Devid Brmster, Varautrap, Tapan, Kormenag, Viktor 
Hiiger, Emil de Sirardaq {Emile de Girardin), Bekwif, 
Grarnie, and meni vder lidig mjndz ov XIrerp and Amerika, 
elisited an imens interest in de pis kwestion, and awekend 

an atenjon tu it whig baz kontinqd tu ber frmt ever sins. 

An^der important impetus tu do praktikal rekognijon 
ov pis prinsipelz woz sekiird bj Mr Bigard, in kirmpani 
wid Mr Jerzef St^rj and Mr Hjudli, M.P., in 1856, when 
diz dri jentelmen presided tu Paris tu sik intervqz wid 
de Plenipertenjiariz den asembeld tu negajiet de triti kon- 
klmdig de Er^mian Wor. 3e yi^z ov Mr Rigard and hiz 
frendz wer, on dat okeson, se hartili enterd intu b| Lord 
Elarendon and biz koligz at de Eonferens, dat de, in 
konsekwens, embodid dem in de selebreted Prertokol re- 
komendig Stets tu bav rekerrs, in kesez ov dispi^ts, tu de 
gud ofisez ov frendli Pouerz. Mr Giadstem baz pranounst 
dis hi sagkjon ov pasifik prinsipelz tu bi '* in itself a gret 
tri^mf." It baz s^bsekwentli bin repitedli akted upon bi 
veriys k^ntriz, and espe/ali bj Gret Briten and de XXn^ted 
Stets, in referens tu de Alabama difikvlti, f^nali seteld b^ 
arbtiretorz nomineted bi ^dor Pouerz. 

In 1872 (Juili 8) Mr Eigard inijieted an^der gret on- 
ward marg ov de pis mmvment amirgst de nejonz, bi hiz 
memorabel spig and morjon in de Hous ov Komonz in 
fevor ov Intemajonal Arbitrejon, when hi karid hiz prer- 
perzal, in a Uous ov nirli 200 memberz, bi a majoriti ov 
ten. 3is ekzampel led tu a siriz ov similar merjonz whig 
bav bin svksesfuli karid in de Lejisleterz ovitali, S widen, 
Holand, and Beljism, and in de Senet and Hous ov 
Eeprezentativz ov de United Stets ov Amerika. 3Jlz im- 
portant foren mmvments wer stimiileted bi a j^rni on de 
Eontinent vnderteken bi Mr Eigard Jortli after biz crn 
Parlimentari s^kses in de mater. Hi vizited Itali, Frans, 
Jermani, Ostria, Holand, and Belji«m tu 8ekq,r intervi^z 
wid influenjal memberz ov der respektiv Lejisleti^rz, and 
obtend, in verivs instansez, promisez ov erli akjon, ov whig 
de fulfilment in mvst kesez haz olredi prmvd de imporwaos. 
Dqrig dis J3rni Mr Eigard woz welksmd bi a kontinq-ss 
siriz ov orvejonz and bagk wets inde gif Eontinental sitiz. 
Adresez ov kongrati^lejon olser perrd in vpon bim from 
ol kworterz. W^n from Itali woz sind bi olmerst ol de 
eminent men in dat k^ntri, inklmdig Jeneral Gtiribaldi, 
de Prezidents ov de Senet and ov de €7ember ov DepiiUz, 
Sinior Lanza, de eks-Prezident ov de Eounsil ov Ministerz, 
and bi a berst ov ^der lidig Italianz. B^t W3n ov de 
merst akseptabel ov diz adresez woz d4t from de w^rkig 
men ov Venis, in whig de testiQd der ernest gratiti|,d tu 
bim for biz pasifik eforts, inazmvg az it iz menli vpon de 
wifrkig klasez in everi nejon dat de bsrdenz ov wor fol. 
5r fyrnij de " fmd for kanon ;" der wivz and wid^z and 
orfanz s^fer merst grivssli from wor : whilst de titeld and 
weHi klasez kari of de onorz and spoilz, bvt avoid merst 
ov de risks and privejonz. clis reprezentativ adres haz 
aferrded a dip and pekiiliar satisfakjon tu Mr Eigard. For 
in komon wid biz frendz and aserjfiets drmout lif, svg az 
Eigard Eobden, Jon Brit, and Jerzef Stirrj. it baz bin hiz 
sinsirest erlli ambijon tu render solid servis tu dorz klaaez 
ov hiz k^ntrimen hm m^st nid ssg help— de gret and ni^- 
merss ragks ov de toilig milionz hm konstitq,t s^g an im- 
portant prerperrjon ov de popiilejon, dat eforts for der 
benefit and elevejon konstitiit de trmest form or patriot- 

Digitized by 


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BTpermissioii of the Author. John Stuftrl BIftcki«, Professor of Greek in 
the UniTersitf of Edinburgh. Edinburgh : Edmundston and.DongUs, 2/6. 
{Kay to Corresponding Style, page 166.) 
3. Observation ia good, and accurate observation is better ; but^ 
on account of the vast variety of objects in the universe, the ob- 
serving faculty would be overwhelmed and confounded, did we 
not possess some sure method of submitting their multitude to a 
certain regulative principle placing them under the control of our 
minds. This regulative principle is what we call Classification, 
and is discoverable bv human reason, because it dearly exists 
everywhere in which is the manifestation of Divine rea- 
son. This classification depends on the fundamental unit^ of type 
which the Divine reason has imposed on all things. Tms unity 
manifests itself in the creation of points of likeness in things ap- 
parently the most different ; and it is these points of likeness which, 
when seized by a nicely observant eye, enable it to distribute the 
immense variety of things in the world into ceartain parcels of 
greater or less compass, called genera and species, which submit 
Uiemselves naturally to the control of a comparing and discrimin- 
ating mind. The first business of the student, therefore, is, in all 
that he sees, to observe carefully the points of likeness, and, along 
with these, also the most strilunff points of difference ; for the 
points of difference go as necessaruy along with the points of like- 
ness, as shadow goes along with Ught ; and though they do not 
of themselves constitute any actual thing, yet they separate one 
genus from another, and one species of the same genus from 
another. The classification or oinier to be sought for in all things 
is a natural order ; artificial arrangements, such as that of words 
in an alphabetical dictionary, or of flowers in the Linnssan system 
of botany, may be useful helps to learners in an early stage, but, 
if exclusively used, are rattier hindrances to true knowledge 
What a young man should aim at is to acquire a habit of binding 
things together according to their bonds of natural affinity ; and 
this can be done only by a combination of a broad view of the 
general effect, with an accurate observation of the specit.1 proper- 
ties. The names given by the common people to flowers are in- 
stances of superficial similarity, without any attempt at discrimin- 
ation, as when a water-lily seems by its name to indicate that it 
is a species of Uly, with which flower it has no real connection. 
A botanist, on the other hand, who has^ minutely observed the 
character and organs of plants, will class a water-lily rather with 
the papaverous or poppy family, and give you very good reasons 
for doing so. In order to assist in forming habits of observation 
in this age of locomotion, I should advise young men never to 
omit visiting the local museums of any district as often as they 
may have an opportunity ; and when there to confine their atten- 
tion generally to that one thing which is most characteristic of 
the locality. Looking at everything generally ends in remember- 
ing nothing. 

(Key to Reporting Style, page 166.) 
In this country, where there is so much industry, and where there 
is such great wealth, it is not by any means an unimportant thing 
that men should acquire fortunes and amass wealtlL We know 
the virtues or the qualities which tend greatly and often lead to 
Uus result Indus^ and skill and invention and prudence by and 
economy are followed in many instances known to all of us the ac* 
cumulation of great wealth. But the accumulation of great wealth, 
while sometimes it is a blessing, at oUier times seems to be a curse. 
I have Imown cases in which men's hearts have been narrowed and 
their sympathies have been blighted and as it were withered and 
dried up. In the case before us specially to-day it is obvi- m% that no 
such result of the accumulation of wealth haa followed (Hear, hear). 
I don't doubt that at this moment the heart of our venerable friend 
is as broad as ever it was, and that his sympathies are as widely 
felt now towards all his fellow creatures as they have ever been 
during th* course of his long and honorable career. (Hear, hear.) 
Beference has been made to other institntions and other benevo- 
lenoies besides that which has called us toffether to*day. Sir 
Jonah Mason has followed in one respect the highest and greatest 
example that we have hod. He has followed the steps of Him 

who said, " Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them 
not," for he has held out a hand kindly to the friendless and the 
orphan , and having, as he told us in his written address, not been 
blessed with children of his own, he has had the heart and the 
sympathy to take in his all-encompassing charity and love hun* 
dreds, and, if you look down through generations, thousands of 
helpless and friendless children. (Applause.) Now, looking to 
another field for other services, not less remarkable and net less 
eminent, he has applied to himself and to his own jud^ent that 
knowledge of a want which he has observed in Birmingham as 
well as in other towns. He knows the prosperity of this town 
has been built up mainly uoon science and what science has done 
for your industry and your trade, and he proposes and has begun 
the erection of a College whose efiects and results, standing here 
as we do to-day at the birth of this new institution, may be such 
for generations to come as we are totally unable to measure or to 
imagine. I think these are great things to have done, great things 
to imagine and to wish to do. lam sorry to say I know very 
little of Sir Josiah Mason's former life. I know him by what 1 
have heard and seen. He has not in the course of his life done 
things which some men have done to procure fame ; he has not 
led brave and reckless men to battle or to death-- often as that is 
done for objects totally unworthy of the sacrifice. He has not 
even, probably, though I will not speak positively on the point — 
he has not so &r as I know written a great book ; he has probably 
not given to us an immortal poem that will charm and instruct 
to the latest generations. But though he has not done that, there 
can be no doubt— whether you touch this question of dealing with 
the orphan and the friendless, or this institution which is intended 
to make science the common heritage of the young people of this 
town — he has done that which will give him a name which will 
be revered in thousands of homes. 

Reporting Exereises, From Suteliff Itobinson.— The following 
calculation of the number of words in each of the ** Reporting 
Exercises " may be useful to teachers when testing the speed of 
their pupils. 1 do not vouch for their accuracy to a unit,-^ but 
they will be found correct enough for practical purposes. 
L 1,400 VI. 133 XI. 412 

II. 667 VIL 697 XII. 362 

III. 2,064 VIII. 630 XIII. 2,046 

IV. 4,621 IX. 287 XIV. 1,234 

V. 170 X. 989 

The following are the numbers for the exercises in the *^ Re- 
porter's Companion :" — 

'l. 282 V. 1,329 

IL 202 VI. 4,287 

IIL 718 Vn. 861 
IV. 1,633 


Az Leven kvmz donn ta eri, it.wil asiim an iodefinit 
var^eti ov formz, iq wsn ov whig \z ^ud in its degri. It 
mvst kviD ferst tu individqalz, and drm dem tu vderz. 
When hevenli prinsipelz k^^m douo incu de natural mind, 
into tfot and ak/on, and sor far az hevenli infloensez kon- 
irtfl o\ natiiral akjon, in eni man or woman, d4t person 
bek3mz a heven in de list form, a heven ^pon erl. 

When BTsq personz ar f^rmpt tugeder de form a hevenli 
898ieti 07 greter or les dimenjonz, akordi^ tn de nvmber 
OY personz whiq komperz it. Everi famili bekvmz a heven 
spon eri when de memberz ov it brig hevenli prinsipelz 
doun into der orn apig and akjonz. It Jud bi de em ov 
everi Elristian f»der and mvder ta mek a heven in der e-n 
famili, and ov der on famili. Her iz ner merr biitiful sjt 
in dis wvrld or eni lyder, dan a famili g^vernd bi hevenli 
prinsipelz in ol its relejonz tu de members hm komp«rz it. 
It iz heven in form. Ol de elements ov a hevenli lif enter 

Digitized by VnOO^ IV:: 



17 April, 1876. 

iota it, and der ar ekzampelz oy ol hevenli emploimenta 
and a fertest oy ol hevenii joiz. 

Set ar gret diGk^fltiz in brigir) a famili intu dis stet, 
iven in a smol degri. Perhaps w^n ov de gretest iz, dat 
wi dm not set it beferr 3S az a posibel atenment. When 
wi ar wirid wid lebor, or s^ferig from pen and disapoint- 
nient, wi tfigk hon delitfal it wud bi tu g9 ta heren ; and 
mifq iz sed about geii) der, bvt yeri litel about brii)ii) 
Iieycn doun tu de eri, and establijig it hir. 

Wsn oy de ferst steps nesesari tu formig a litel beyen 
oy de famili, iz a distigkt and deliberet p^rrpos oy dmii) it. 
<Ierz hm dm dat, and hm hay an intelijent jdia oy whot 
beyen iz, kan hardli fel oy ssm degri oy s^kses. Wi Jud 
endeyor tu atan a korekt ^dia oy beyen ; den der ernii 
remenz de pvrpos and de minz and a proper i^s oy dem tu 
begin de w^rk, and tu kari it on. 3e esenjal prinsipelz 
oy beyen konsist in Ivv tu ^derz. 

cle wvrk oy formii) a beyenli s^sieti in de famili m^st 
begin bir. H.&Z hm bay eni oy dis l^y m^st begin tu 
akt from it ; and tu manifest it in ol de rele/onz oy de 
famili. Hvzband and w^f m^st manifest it teardz Iq vder, 
not mirli in k^nd w^rdz, b^t in de m^ltitq^d oy litel akts 
oy perpeti^al ok^rens, whig in demselyz ar oy bvt litel im- 
portsns, bvt whig in de sism ov der influens and rezslts 
determin de karakter oy de famili. 

cle majoriti oy personz mek a gret mistek hir. Wi f il 
kjudli, and min tu dm whot iz rjt, bvt wi dm not ekspres 
whot wi fil. Wi ar3nobzeryant, orkerles, and repr^s de 
litel rez oy worml and Ijt whig mek de s^m oy Iff. It iz 
not mentbidis dat b^zband and wjf Jud bi olwez ekspresig 
afekjon in wvrdz. Wvrdz ar gJp and me bi bes kounterz 
whig bay ner valq,. ffer iz a mtfT efijent we oy ekspresig 
afekjon, and d&t iz b; akts, b^ litel akts, bi konstant akts, 
whi^ ar sponteni^s and kiimnletiy in der influens. 

It iz de lif wbi<3 flcrz drm diz litel deli, Tjnrememberd 
akts. wbi<3, Wiyrdzwvrl sez, wid msq trml, form de best 
po-rjon oy a gud man'z IJf, whig formz de sfir oy de famili. 
It iz de Ijf wbiQ flez ^m temz and Inks, and de s^render 
oy litel personal preferensez, oy whig, strenj az it me sim, 
wi ar ofen de merst tenej^s. Se far az dis dispozijon pre- 
yelz and karakter^zez de relejonz oy bvzband and w^f, a 
beyenli influens wil bi konstantli florig from wsn tu de 
3der, and tu ol in de bous. 

B^t der ar meni obstakelz tu de formejon oy a beyen in 
de famili whig m^st bi erverkvm. Heyenli l^y iz fibel in 
ol, and der iz n^n oy it in gildren. ffe problem whig 
Kristian parents hay tu soly iz, hou tu mek a hey en out oy 
dffz hm dm not pozes eni ov its l^y or trml. And a yeri 
difikult W3n it iz ; and when de we iz lemd, de aktq,al 
W3rk iz stil merr difik^lt. Hevenii prinsipelz mvst bi im- 
planted in de m^ndz ov gildren. ffis iz d^n mor bj influ- 
ens dan bi direkt prisept, der berl ar nided. B^t de prisept 
wil bi ov litel \\9 widout de influens. Se k^ltivejon ov 
gud natqral afekjonz, whig kan bi beg^n in orli infansi, 
whig probabli iz begvn wid de beginig ov Uf, iz ov esenjal 

ke sfir ovde bous, de moral er de brid, dat sfar whig is 
formd bi de ^nkonj^s and habitual eksorsiz ov hovenli 

afekjonz bi de fader and m^doK, haz a konstant influens. 
It iz olwez spikig and tigii), and droig ferr^ aktivitiz ov 
a similar kjnd. It iz prepcrig de ground for de resepjon 
ov pozitiv tigig. 

It haz gret pouer, olser, in formig gud habits. Habits 
ov filig and ^igkig ar ernli anvder nem for karakter. cEe 
ar, dcrferr, ov de ^tmerst iraportans. 3e ar de besis for 
de superstr^ktiir ov de hcrl s^bsekwent l^f. cle karakter 
iz formd bi dmig, merr dan bi tigig and filig. Heven iz 
de liater ov delitful atrakjonz. Litel gildren lik tu dm 
s^m^ig for 7>derz ; de lik tu bi i(,sful. cler mvtivz me not 
bi veri eleveted, b^t if de ar tot tu bi H^ful, and led intu 
de praktis ov it, akordig tu der abiliti, der metivz wil riz. 
3e kan begin wid de smolest tfigz. Smol (figz ar gret tu 
dem. Ser far az a litel gild kan bi led tu bi i(sful, it iz be- 
kvmig a heven. Lidig qildren tu bi i^sful from Ivv tu 
3derz, iz lidig dem tu heven. 

6ildren hav meni ivilz tu ervorkvm. cliz ivilz apir in 
verius formz, W3n after anvder. cLe ar spiritqal disizez, 
and Jud bi trited az ssq. Meni ov dem, if not ol ov dem, 
ar hereditari, and de ar no* m€rr tu blem for dem dan de ar 
for inheritig a tendensi tu kons^mpjon or eni ^der disiz. 
When parents n^ der orn ivilz, de oi not tu bi svrprizd ta 
si dem apir in der gildren. 3e Jud not bi aggri wid dem 
for it, eni merr dan for inheritig blm iz. 

It iz hevenii tu prevent pen and sorer when posibel, and 
tu aliviet it when it ekzists. Ferents ar dmig a hevenii 
wsrk when de ar endevorig tu kq^r der gildren ov der 
spiriti^al disizez, or ov der tendensiz tu dem. cle famili iz 
an anjelik n^rseri. cle litel wsnz ol hav kapasitiz for be- 
k^mig enjelz. If perents lukt vpon Qildren az enjelz in 
de jerm, komited tu der ker tu n^rti^r, and pretekt, and 
ediiket, dqrig de fefst stejez ov der ekzistens, de mit not 
regard de ker ov a famili wid so* msq aprebenjon and dis- 
favor az meni dm nou. When dis wvrk iz enterd intu and 
karid on wid rit mertivz, it iz anjelik wvrk, and de perents 
hay simpali and ed ov de enjelz and ov de Lord in per- 
formig it. 

3e famili iz formd intu a litel heven az fast az ivilz ar 
put awe, and hevenii mortivz ar brot intu vltimet akt. 
Everi member kan dm svmlig tu efekt dis blesed end. 
Everi Iqnd wvrd spe^ken, everi plezant luk, everi helpful 
akt, iz s^m adijon tu de jeneral rez^lt. Wher everi mem- 
ber ov de famili triz tu bekvm a midivm ov hevenii lif and 
bapines tu ol de 7derz, heven iz konstantli kvmig doun 
tu erl. If lif and hapines ar strimig ^m ig w^n, everi 
member iz a winde ;frm whig hevenii lit iz admited, a 
ganel ;Jrm whig de river ov lif flaz, whig meks everidig liv 
whiderserever its woterz kvm. Nidig obstrvkts de klir 
Jinig, or hinderz de ful and softli-flerig strimz ov lif, bst 
our ivilz and folsitiz. dLe obstr^kt de lit and disk^lor ol 
dat str^gelz ;}rm ; de korvpt de woterz de dm not rep^l. 
If wi dezir a heven in our hermz, den wi mvst put dem 
awe az fast az posibel, and az fast az wi remmv de obsta- 
kelz, de Lord wil kriet de heven. — Nil York Mesenjer. 

Printed hj Immo Pitaun (luTentor of Phonogrrahy) at the PhonMio 
Inrtitato, Kinfrton BnUdlngs, B*lh; and Polled bj F. Piti 
the Phonetio D4»p6t, 80 Pttenoit«r1tow, London. All 
for Uie Editor to b« addrMMd, Umo Pibnu, B«tli. 

Digitized by V^OO^ IV:: u 

24 April, 1876. 




W$ hme tkit week the pUature of printing this Journal again 
m oter own premiste, hut in coneequenee of the interruption caused 
bg the pretence of engineered maeone, and carpenters, for three weeks, 
m mremt in a position to print a \^-page Journal in time for this 
«jw*, but shaU d6 so next week. Our next No. will he dated on 
Jnday, the 30M April, instead of Saturday, the Ist May, in order 
U equalise the monthly parts for April and May. We shaU thus 
Mam for April a iS-paged monthly part, and for May a Si-paged 
monthly part ; whereas if we dated the next No. \st May, it would 
g%w us Z2 pages for April, and SO pages for May. 




^ ^ ,/t^^^^*P<'^*''f*^^OieJmmud,N<M9S»i^Boerek'euMen. 

BRISTOL Shorthakb Wrttbhs* Association. Prom J. M. 
A. Stamp, Secretary.— The growth of the Association and conse- 
^aent increase of the hiisiness conneeted with it having necessitated 
» increase in the executive, the memhers, at the ordinary meet- 
s' ^ vJ^'^ March, decided to appoint an assistant Secretary, 
£. Hagan. The Association continues to progress steadily, 
* ^Tt^^!^^ members having joined since the annual meeting. 
FAI8LBY. Prom thePoM^ and Eet^fewshire Qaestte, 3 April. 
—On Saturday, 27 March, two ftee public classes for the study of 
Pitman s Phonographr, carried on during the last six months 
under the auspices of the Paisley Phonetic Society, wera brourht 
to a close. ^ 

The Lidies' dass was conducted by Mr Peter M'Kinky, assisted 
by IfMs Jessie Peden. At the dose of last Saturday's meeting- 
Mis John FuUerton, Mei^sworth, presiding. 

Miss Mary MacKean, West Croft, addressing Mr MTCnlay, 
■•^^"--/^ l«diea of this class have asked me, in appreciation of 
yj""-™^ «*twition in instructing them in the art of phonetic 
ahorthrad writing, to present vou with a few volumes, and I hope 
yon will aoeept them in the spirit in which they are given. I 
tsaanot, however, do so without remarking that you must be thor- 
oughly inbiied with a desire to extend a knowledge of this useful 
art when you have set aside the Saturday aftemeons, which are 
so very highly valued by young men, and have, I am certain, at 
^J»7.«roat pams to yourself instructed us in this beautiftil and 
^easing study ; and although vou made our ttak as easy as pos- 
sibly by the assistance of " Silver," yet I think we, loo, deserve 
nraoi credit for the amount of work we have done during the 
session which has now come to a dose. In oondusion, I would 
say that although we cannot yet enter the House of Commons as 
reporters, we hope soon to be able to do so. 

The presentation consisted of "Cassdl's Bible Educator," 8 
vols.; "Cruden's Concordance;" "Memoirs and Remains of 
Bev. R. M. M'Cheyne ;" " Modem Sacred Poetry." Each volume 
bore the following inscription :—*' Presented to Mr Peter M*Kin- 
»7<» ^J^, ^^^^ wishes by the ladies of his phonetic class, as a 
»9$i9enir, in appreciation of his services in instructing them in the 
mrt of shorthand writing,— Paislev, 27th March, 1876." 

Mr M<Kinlay, in replying, said he fdt in rather an awkward 

S«tion, as he had taken up the class with no idea of reward, 
e could not however, blame the ladies for what they had done, 
ftrhe had been glad to express his