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O F 






for J. RivingtDn and Sons, L. Davis, B. White and Son, T. Longman* 
B. Uwj-H. S. Woodfall, C. Dilly, J. Robfon, J. Jonnfon, T.Vcrnor, 
G. G. J. and J. Robinfon, T. Codcll, J. Muriay, R. Baldwin, 
H. L. Gardner, J. Sewcll, J. Nichols, J. Bcw, T. Payne, jun. 
S. Hayes, R. Faulder, W. Lowndrs, G. and T. Wiikie, Scatcherd 
and Whitaker, T.and J. Egerton, C. Striker, J. Bjrkcr, J. Edwardsy 
OgiUis and Speare, J. Cuthell, J. Lackington, and E. Newbery. 

- -^^^mr, T*-: -n ■ 

P^ . . 

• • •• 

000 •• •• 


Vol. II. 


Perfons Reprefcntedi 

Vincentio, duke ©/"Vienna. 

Angelo, lord deputy in the duke^s ah/ence* 

Ekdlus, an ancient lord, joiued with Angclointiedft'^^^'^ 
Claudio> a young gentleman. 

Lucio, afantaftick. 

Two other like gentlemen* 

Varrius *, a gentleman, fervant to the duke^ 


Thomas. I >. . 

Peter. '}'«'•/"«"• 


"B&iw, afimple eonftable. 

Frothj a footifi gentleman, 

CUnntM, fefmant to Mrs. Over-donet 

Abhoribn^ an executioner. 

Barnardine^ a dijfdute prifontr* 

I&bella, fifter to Clandio. 
Mariana, betrothed to Angelo. 
Juliet^ beloved by Claudio. 
rrancifca» a nun. 
Miftrefs Overdone 4 a banud. 

Lords, gentlemen, guards, officers, astd other attendaaf^ 

SCENE, Vienna. 

* Varrius might be omitted^ for he It only oace fpokeo tO| snd hj9 
nothing. John ION. 



A foom in the Duke't Fahce. 
EMtfrDvkc, EscALus^ Lords, An/ Attendants* 

Dxie. Ercalos,— 
£/cai. My Lord. 

DmJke. Ot government the properties to unfeld. 
Would feem m me to affect fpeedi and diicourfe ; 

« Theibr7UtjdLenfTOiiiCinthio*iiVov</i»Decjid.8.Notel j. Port* 

We are fent to Cinthio for the plot of Meajurtfw Meafmrt^ and 
Shakfpeare^f judgment hath boen attacked for fome deviations from liim 
In die condod of ity wImu probably all he knew of the matter was from 
Madam IJmbellSf in the Hiptsmtvn of WhttftnUf Lond. 4to. i5Sa.— 
She reports f in the Ibvrdi da yea Exercifey the rare Hijhrie of Prompt mnd 
Caffandrm, A niaf|kial note informs ns^ that Whttjiokt tras the au- 
thor of the Cemtdie on that fobje^j wliich Ukewife had probably faUeH 
into the hands of Shak^eare. FAanKa. 

There is perhapt Hot one of Shak(peare*i plays more darkened than 
this by the peculiarities of its authonr^ and the unikilfulnefs of itt 
editors, by diftortions of phra(b, <*r negtigence of tranfcription. Johnson* 

Shak^are took the niVle of this play from the Promos and CaJJ'andrm 
of G, Whetftone, publiihed in 157S. See Theobald's note at the end. 

A hint, like a feed, is ilwre or lefs proIiiick» according to the qualitiet 
of the foil on wKkh k b thrown. Thh ftory, which in the hands of 
WbtCfiMM ^ e di ted Btdemore than barren Infipidity, onder the culture 
•f ihakfpeare became Ieit9e of entertainment. The curious reader will 
find that the oM pity of Promt tmd CmffandrM exhibits an aimoft com- 
plete embryo of Mesfmre for Meafare', yet the hints on which itia 
formed are fo flight, tliat it is nearly as impoAibie to detect them, as it 
is to point out in the acorn the future ramifications of the oak. 

The redder wiO find the aigomentof O. Whet(hme*s Premos and Caf" 
ftudrsj at the eftd of thSt play* Jt is too bulky to be inierted herd* 
See likewise the picee hielf among ^7;r old PUys om vfb'tcb Sbakfptart 
ftmmded Sco, publiihed by S. Leacroft, Charing-crois. STtiTtna* 

Misfurt for Mnifmrt #My 1 belhH^ Written In i6ot. See an At" 
ttmft 19 mjcmsh tbt frdn •f Mbtkfptmris fUys, ante. Ma lon s . 

i 2 Since 


Since I am put to know *, that your own fcience 
Exceeds, in that, the liih ^ of all advice 
My ftrength can give you : Then no more remains. 
But that to your fufficiency *• as your worth is able^ 
And let them work *. The nature of our people. 
Our city's inftitutions, and the terms 

* Since I ^m put to kHov^ — ] I am -fut to knetttf may mcanj 
I am obliged to acknowledge. So, in King Henry FJ. Part H. fc. i : 

•* had I firft been put to fpcak my mind/* Steevenj. 

3 .^ /i^j] Bounds, limits. Johnson. 

4 ■ Then Jto more remains. 

But that tk your fujicicney •• as your xvortb is able, 
yind let them ivork,^ I have not the fraailc/l^doubt that thecompofi- 
tor's eye glanced from the middle of the fecond of thcfc lines to that 
under it in the Mf. and that by this means two half lines have been 
omitted. . The very hiat error m^y be found, in Aiacbetby edit. 1631 : 
** ■ which, being taught, return, 

<* To plague tbi ingredients cfourpoijond cbaiice 
** To ourjowii lips*" 

« ——which, being taught, return, 
** To plague the inventor. This even-handed jufiice 
" Coww*«//irAtfingrcdicntsof our poifon'd chalice" &c. 
Again, in Mucb ado about notbingf edit. 1623. p. 103: 

»* And I will break with her. Was't not to this end, &c.'* 
ioftead of 

<* And I win break wi^ her, and with berfatber, 
*' y^nd tbou/halt have ber, Was't not to tbii end, &c,*' 
Mr. Theobald would fupply the defe^ thus : 
But that to your fufficiencyj^otf add 
Due diligence, . as your worth is able, Sc£m 
Sir T. Haamcr reads : 

But that to your fufficiency^9»70/» 
A 'zuill to ferve us, as your worth is able, &c. 
The following piflagc, xtiK, Henry iy» P. I. which is conftru^bd in 
a manner fomcwhat fimilar to the piefent when corrected, appears to 
znc to Ihcngihen the fuppodtion that two half lines have been loft : 
*< Send danger from the caft unto the weft, 
<< ^Qbonour qiqU it from the north to fouth, 
** And Ut tbcm grapple.'* 
Sufficiency h ncillin government ; ability to execute his ofRce. And It: 
ihem %uork, a figurative exprellion j Let tbem ferment. Ma lone. 

Some words lecm to have been loll here, the ibnfc of which, perhap«| 
J&ay be thus fupplied 1 

tbeu no mor* remains f 
But that to your JuJJieiency you put 

A zeal as willing as your viortb h able^ &c. Tt r w h i t t • 



For common jofUce ', you arc as pregnant in *, 
As art and practice hath enriched any 
That wc remember: There is our commiffion, 
from which wc would not have you warp. — Call hither^ 
I fay, bid come before us Angelo. — [Exit an atundant. 
'VTh^Lt figure of us think you he will bear? 
For you muft know, we have with fpecial foul ^ 
£le^d him onr abience to fupply ; 
Lent him our terror, dreft him with our love^ 
And given his deputation all the organs 
Of our own power: What think you of it? 

Efcal, If any in Vienna be of worth 
*ro undergo foch ample grace and honour^ 
It IS lord Angelo. 

Enter Angelo. 

Tyuie, Look where he comes. 

jing. Always obedient to your grace's will, 
I come to know your pleafure. 

Duke, Angelo, 
There is a kind of charader in thy life. 
That, to the obfcrver, doth thy hiflory" 


•s — — — 0nd the terms 

Fcr common jufiUeA Terms means the technical language of the 
courts. An old book called Let Termes de laLey^ (written in Henry 
the Eighth's time) was in Shakfpeare's days, and is now, the accidence of 
young iludents in the iaw. Blackstone. 

6 — ^i pregnant M,] Pregnant is ready, knowing. Johnson. 
^ '^^ with fpecia/fou/] By the words ^oitb fpechl foul eleQed bimy I 
t>elieTe, the poet meant no more than that be was tie immediate cboict tf 
bis beart. So, in the Tempfft : 

— " for fcveral virtues 
«< Have I lik*d feveral women, never aay 
«' With (ofuilfou/f but lomc dcfca" Sec, Steevens. 
This ictms to be only a tranflation ct" the ufual formal words inferted 
in all royal granti : ■ ** de gratia noftia fpeciaii, ct *cx nier« 
*< njotu—. '* Malone. 

* There is a kind cf cbaraEier in thy life, 
That, to the ohjert^er, doth thy hillory 

Fu//y Mnfo/d:] What is there peculiar in this, that a man^s life i(i- 
/orms the oblerver of his hiflory f 

Hijiiry may be taken in a more diftufc and licentious meaning, for 
future occurrcnceSf or the part of life yet to come. \( this fenfe be*rft- 
£tsM£^, the paiVage is dear and proper. Johnson, 

B 3 Sh.ikfpeaK 


Fully unfold: Thyfelf and thy bekmginn ' 

Are not thine own fo proper '» as to wale 

Thy felf upon thy virtues, them on thee *. 

Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ; 

Not light them lor themielves : for if our virtuiM ' 

Did not go forth of ua, 'twere all alike 

As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touca'd. 

But to fine ifTues * : nor nature never lends ^ 

The fmalleft fcruple of her excellence. 

But, like a thrifty eoddefs, ihe determines 

Herfelf the glorv ota creditor. 

Both thanks and ufe ^. But I do bend my fpeech 

To one that can my part in him advertife ^ -, 

Shakfpeare has the fama thought in HtMry IV, which is fome com- 
inenton this pafTage before us : 

<< There is a hiftory in all inen*s lives, 

*< Figuring the nature of the times deceased t 

« The which obfervM, a man may prophecy 

« With a near aim, of the main chance of things 

« As yet not come tolife, &c, Stxxvxns* 

9 ^i^ thy belongings] i.e. endowments. Malonx. 

> •— ar« not thine own fo proper y'^ i. e. are not fo much thy own 
fropcrty. St XK YENS. 

* — thcmon ri>«.] The old copy reads— f^ on the«« Stxxvxns. 
Corre^ed by Sir Tno. Hanmer. Malonx. 

a f or if our virtues &c.] 

Paulum fepultar diftat inertic 
Celata virtus.-— Hor. Tmxobai,9. 

4 — tofiueijfues ;] To great confequencet $ for high purpofes. Johnson. 

5 — . nor mature never lends'\ Two negatives, not employed to make 
an affirmative, are common in our author. Stxxvxns. 

* fbe determines 
Htrfeif tbe glory of a creditor, 

Both thanks anduft,] i. e. She (Nature) requires and allots to 

kerfelf tht {»mt advantages that creditors ufually enjoy,— thanks for the 

•naovrmentt At has beftowed, and extraordinary exertions in thofe 

whom ihe hath thus favoured, by way ofintereft for what ihe has lent. 

Ufe, in the phrafeology of our author's age, fignified intere/k of moneys 

7 I / do bend my fpeech 

To eue that earn my part in nim advertife j"] I believe, the meaning 
Ss^— 1 am talking to one who is himfelf already fufficiently converfanc 
with the nature and dudes of my officej-— ol that office, which I have mo%u 
dtiegoitd to bias* Malonx. 

C Hold 


Aid therefore, Angelo*} 
In oar remove, be thou tt fiill ouHelfj 
Mortality and mercy in Vienna 
Life in tny tongae and heart : Old Efcalni^ 
ThoDgh fiift in ^neftton-^, is diy fecondary : 
'Jake thy coomuffion. 

Jnr.' Now, good my^ord. 
Let there be fome more teft fiade of my metal« 
Before fo noble a|id f^ great a fignxe 
Be ftamp'd upon it. 

Duki. No more evafion : 
We have with a learen'd and prepared choice* 
Proceeded to yoo ; therefore take your honours. 
OwrhsL&t from hence is of ib quick condition, 
^t it prefers itfelf, and leaves nnqoellion'd 
/ Mttters of needfbl value. We ihall write to you^ 
As time and our concemings (hall importune. 
How it goes with us ; and do look to Jmow 
Wiuu doth befall you here. So, fare you well : 
To the hopeful execution do I leave you 
Of yonr commiffions. 

* HtUtberrfare^ AngtUi'\ That it, coatimie tx^lie Angelo} hoUm 
tkotiarL JoRNioN. 

lUievt thaw-lf«/^ tUrtfirt AngtUtzn. the words which the duke 
• otten on tnuieriiif hit commiffion to Urn* He concludes with^-^tfAt 
tiy cmmiJiM, Stxxvxms. 

i/a fuU point be put •her thirefmtt the duke may be underftood to 
fpak of himfelf. HoU tbere/orty i. e. Let me therefore hold, or flop. 
And the lenfe of the whole paflage may be this. The duke, who 1^ 
'kfun an exhortation to Angelo, checks himielf thus. « But I am 
^pMking /oMV#, that C0m im.him [in, or by himfelf] apprehend wy ^«rr 
TslJ that I hare to fay] i X will therefore fav no more [on that 
inijcd].*' He then merely fisniiies to Angelo his appomtmeht. 


9 '— /ryf in fMeftiomt"} That is, firft called for $ firft appointed. }o M N s o n • 

' ff^i havi mtitb m leavett*d and prepared ektice] Leavened cb^ee is 

one of Shakfpeare*s harih metaphors. His train of ideas feems to be 

this. I bave proceeded to you witb cbcice mzturtf concoded, fermented, 

leavened. VtRen bread is leavened it is left to ferment : a leavened 

chMce is therefore a choice not hafty, but confiderate, not declared as 

ioon as it fell into the imagination, but fufiered to wotk long in tb« 

iiiiad« J^ai^soM. 


Ang. Yet j give leave, my lord. 
That we may bring you fomethiDg on the way *• 

Duke. My hade may not admit it; 
Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do 
With any fcrupie : your fcopc ' is as miae own ; 
Soto iqforce, or qualify the laws. 
As to your foul feems good. Give me your hand ; . 
1*11 privily away : I love the people. 
But do not like to flage me to their eyes : 
Though it do well, 1 do not rclifli well 
Their loud applaufe, and ains vehement j 
Nor do I think the man of fa fe difcretion. 
That docs siftedl it. Once more, fare you well. 

Aug, The heavens give fafety to your purpofes! 

Ejcal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happinefs ! 

Duke. 1 thank you: Fare you well. \Ex'tti 

Ej'cal, I fhall defire you, fir, to give me leave 
To have free fpcech with you; ancfit concerns. me 
To look into the bottom of my place : 
A po^'cr I have ; but of what flrength and nature 
I am not yet inftru^cd. 

Jng, 'Tis fo with mc : — Let us withdraw together. 
And we may foon our fatisfa£tion have 
Touching tnat point. 

E/cal. I'll wait upon your honour. [Exeunt, 


A Street. 
Enter Lucio, and tixjo Gentlemen. 

Lucio, If the duke, with the other dukes, come not ♦ 
conipofition with the king of Hungary, why, then all t 
dukes fall upon the king. 

1 Gent, Heaven grant us its peace^ but not the king 
Hungary's ! 

2 Gent. Amen. 

* — hriHgjeu fometbing en the w/iy.] i. e. accompiny you 
f^me mofic of cxprcflion is to be found in almod every wnlc 
times. Refp. 

i gr.t '-/«/>? —] That if; Your amplitude of power. Ji 


Lucii. ThoQ concluded like the fandimonious pirate, 
that went to fea with the ten commandments, bat feraped 
one oat of the table. 

2 Gent. Thou ihalt not ileal ? 

Lacio. Ay, that he razed. 

1 Gnt. Why, 'twas a commandment to command the 
captain and all the reft from their flindlions ; they put forth 
to fteal : There's not afoldier of us all, that, in the thankf- 
ffiving before meat, doth relifh the petition well thatprayt 
lor peace. 

2 Gent, I never heard any foldicr diflike it. . 
Lucio, I believe thee ; for, I think, thou neve 
where grace was faid. 

2 Gent. No? a dozen times at leaft. 
I Gent. What ? in metre ^ ? 

Lucio'. In any proportion, or in any language. 

I Gent. I think, or in any religion. 

Lueio. Ay ! why not ? Grace is grace, dcfpight of all 
controvcrfy ' : As for example ; Thou thyfclf art a wicked 
Tillain, defpight of all grace. 

I Gent. Well, there went but apairof (hcers between us*. 

Lucio. 1 g'^nt; as there may between the lifts and 
the velvet : Thou art the lift. 

I Gent. And thou the velvet : thou art good velvet; 
thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee : I had as lief 
be a lift of an Englifh kerfey, as be pU'd, as thou art 
pil'd, for a French velvet ^. Do I fpeak feelingly now ? 


4. .»jnfff^/r«^J In the primers, there arc metrical graces, fuch aij 
I Tuppofe, were uled in Shalcfpeare's time. Johnson. 

5 Grace it grace, deJpighT of all controverly ;] The qucftion is, whe* 
ther the fecond gentleman has ever heard grace. The firll gentleman 
limits the quedion to grace in metre. Luc'O enl..rges it to grace in any 
form cr language. The fird gentleman, to go beyond him, fays, or i> 
^ny reiigiom, which Lucio allows, becaufe the nature of things is unal- 
terable ; grace is as immutably grace, as his merry antagonift \b ntvicked 
viliaiB. Diiicrence in religion cannot make a ^face not to he grace, t 
ftayer not to be b^Jy j as nothing can make a villain not to be a villain^ 
This feems to be the meaning, fuch as it is. Johnson. <> 

6 ^^ there tvent hut a fair ofjbeers bettveen «i.] We ate both of the 
fame piece. Johnson. 

7 — pirdt as thou art piVd, for a French velvet.] Thcjeft about 
the pik of a French velvet allydcs to the lofs of hair io the French dif^ 



Luci9. I think thoa doft ; and, indeed, with moft pain- 
fnl feeling of thy fpeech : I will, out of thine own confef- 
fion, learn to begin thy health ; but, whilft lUve, forget 
to drink after thee. 

I Gent. I think, I iia^tre done myielf wrong ; have I not ? 

a Gent^ Yes, that thou haft ; whether xSaa art tainted 
or free. 

1 Gint. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation 
comes^! I have pnrchafed as many diieidfes under her 
joof, as come to — 

2 Gent. To what, I pray ? 

1 Gmt/. Judge. 

2 Gent, To three thoufand dollars a year *. 
X Gent. Ay, and more. 

Lucio. A French crown more^. 

I Gent.. Thou art always figuring difeafes in me: but 
thou art iiill of error ; I am found. 

Lncio. Nay., not as one would fay, healthy ; but fo 
£> found, as things that are hollows thy bones are hollow; 
impiety has made, a feail of thee. 
Enter Bawd. 

t Gent. How now ? Which of your hips has the moft 
profound fciatica ? 

Bawd. Weil, well ; there's one yonder arrefted, and 
carry'd to prifon, was worth five (houfand of yon alL 

€ile, a very frequent topick of our aiithor*s jocularity. Lucio findinf 
that tlM gentleman underibnds the diftemper fo well, and mentions it 
€o fuRnwlyi promifet to remember to drink Kis bealtb^ but to forget f 
-dnwk afitr bim. It was the opinion of Shakfpeare*s time, that the cup 
•of an infeded perfon was contagious. Jowwson. 

The ieft lies between the (imilar found of the words pUPd and pirj. 
This I naTeel^where explained, under a pafTage inHenry VIII : « PilTd 
yikft thoa Heft.** Stiztins. 

* BeboU, heboid, tobire madsm Mtttgenlon e9met*'\ In the old copy thk 
ipeech, and the next but one, are attributed to Luao. The prefent re- 
jliilation was fuggefted by Mr. Pope. What Lucio fays afterwards, 
■•< A French crown more," proves that it is right. He would not utter 
« farcafm againft himfetf. M a l ok b . 

9 7« tbree tbeujand dtUttrt a year.] A quibble intended befweenip/- 
Urt and d^ourt. H a n m x a . 

The fame jeft occurred before in the ttmbtfi, JoitNSON. 

< A Fremcb crown more,'] Lucio means nere not the piece of monay 
4bcaUcd, but that ^entreml icab| which among the forgeons is ftyled c«. 


1 Gent. Who's that, 1 pr*ythcc ? 
BawJn Mtny^ fir, that's Claadio, fignior Clftndio* 

1 Gm/. Claadio to oiifon ! 'tis not fo, 

BmwJ. ViLjt but I Know, 'tis fo : I ftw him arrefled ; 
law him carry'd away ; and, which is more, within thefo 
three days his head's to be cho|)p'd off. 

Lmeio. But, after all this iooling, I would not haTe it 
ib: Art thoa fare of this ? 

Bawii. I am too fare of it : and it is for getting madam 
JolietU with child. 

Luci9. Beliere me, this may be : he promifed to meet me 
two hoars fince; andhe was everprecifeinpromife-keeping. 

2 Gent, Befides, you know, it draws lomething near t» 
the ipeech we had to fuch a pnrpofe. 

I Gent. But moft of all agreeing with the proclamatioo. 

Lucio. Away ; let's go learn the truth of it. 

[Exeunt L u c i o and gentlemen. 

Bmiul. Thus, what with the war, what with the fweat *, 
wkat with the sallows, and what with poverty, I am cuf- 
tom-fhrunk. Row now ? what's the news with you ? 
Enter Clown '. 

Clewn, Yonder man is carry'd to prifbn. 

Bawd. Well J what has he done ? 

Clm»u. A woman ^. 

t '^tvh^nitbthtfvuat,'] This may allode to tht fvgatlrij^ J!ck» 
mft, of which dbe mexnoty was very frefh in the time of Shakfpeare t 
bttt more pvobaUy to the metliod of cure then ufed for the diieafes coa« 
(rafted in brothels. Johnson. 

I Enter Clown.] As this is the firft elovfn who makes his appearance 
IB the plays of our author, it nuy not he amifs, from a paflage in Tori* 
t9»*sJifnot cmt Bf Purgatory, to point out one of the ancient dreiftt ap- 
propriated to the charaQer : «' .» I fawe one attired in niflTet, with a 
** bottonM cap on his head, a bag by his fide, and a ftrong bat in his 
" kind ; U> artificially attired for a elowMt, as I began to call Tart« 
** too*s woonted ihape to remembrance.** Stibvxns. 

Such perhaps was the drefs of the Clown in A/Pt well that tndt weO 
ttd Twd/ih Night j Touchftone in At you like it^ &c. The orefent 
eiofm however (as an anonymous writer has obferved) is only the tap* 
tnoiz brothel, and probab^ was not fo appareled. Malonx. 

4 -* f^hat has hi done > 

Clown. Awoman,^ The ancient meaning of the verb to do (though 
s«w obfolctc) may be aueft'd at from the following paflage : 



Banud. But what's his offence I 

Clo^n. Groping for troats in a peculiar river ^. 

Baivd. What, IS there a maid with child by him ? 
. Clown. No ; but there's a woman with maid by him : 
You have not Ixeard of the proclamation, have you ? 

Ba^wd. What proclamation, man ? 

Cloavn, All houfes in the fuburbs ^ of Vienna touft be 
pluck'd down. 

BaiAjd. And what ihall become of thofe in the city ? 

Cioivn, They (hall (land for feed : they had gone down 
too, but that a wife burgher put in for them. 

iaijud, fiut fhall ^11 our houfes of refort in the fuburbs 
be puird down ^ ? 

Cioavn, To the ground, miftrefs. 

Ba^ijud. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the com- 
monwealth ! What ihall become of me ? 

*' Chiron. Thou haft undone our mother. 

*' Aaron. Villain, Tve </?« thy mother." Titui Andronicut* 

Again, in Ovid's Elegies^ tranflated by Marlowe, printed at Middle^ 
^urg, no date: 

" The ftrumpct with the ftranger will not do, 
** Before the room is clear, and door put to." 

Hence the name of Ovcr-</o«f, which Shakfpeare has appropriated to 
lilt ba*tud Collins. 

5 — in a peculiar ri-ver.^ i. e. a river belonging to an individual 5 not 
piibiick property. Ma lone. 

* All houfes in the fuburbi — ] This is furely too general an expreflion, 
unlefs wefuppofe that all the houfes in the fuburbs were bawdy -boufesm 
It appears too, from what the ^aw^ fays below, " But Jhall allour boufet 
9f refort in the fuburbs be pulled down ?" that the clown had been par- 
ticular in his defcription of the houfes which were to be pulled down. I 
am therefore inclined to believe that we fliouJd read here, all bawdy" 
houfeSf or allboufei ofrtfor t \ n the fuburbs. T y r w h i t t . 

7 But pall ail our houfes of refort in the fuburbs be pulfd down f ] This 
will be underftood from the Scotch law of James'% time, concerning 
buires (whores) : *« that comoun yomen be put at the utmofi endet 
of tononesf queire leaft perril of fire is." Hence r/r/i«/^i the pig -woman, 
in Bartholomew-Fair : "I, I, gameftcrs, mock a plain, plump, foft 
Vfench of the fuburbs, do !" Farmer. 

See Martial, where fummceniana, zndfuburhana are applied to pro- 
ftitutes. S T E 1 V F. N s . 

The licenced houfes of refort at Vienna are at this time all in the 
IWburbs, under the pcrpiiflion of the Committee of Chaflity. S. W. 



Clown, Come ; fear not you : good connfellors lack no 
clients : though you change your place^ you need not 
diange your trade ; I'll be your tapfter flill. Courage ; there 
will be pity taken on you ; you that have worn your eyes 
almoft out in the fervice, you will be confidered. 

Banud. What's to dp here, Thomas Tapfter ? Let's 

Clown. Here comes fignior Claudio, ledby theprovoft 
to prifcm : and there's madam Juliet. lExennt. 


The fame 

Enfir PrOYoft^ Clavdio» Juliet^ and Officers; 
L u CI o and fwo Gentlemen* 

Claud. Fellow, why 4©^ thou ihew me thos to the 
world ? 
Bear me to prifon, where I am committed. 

Pro<v. I GO it not in evil difpofition. 
But from lord Angelo by fpccial charge. 

Claud, Thuscan the dcmi-god, authority. 
Make U5 pay down for our offence by weight.— 
The worcls of heaven j— on whom it will, it will ; 
On whom it will not, fo ; yet ftill 'tis jull*. 


* Ttus ctntbt demi'iody ovtborUy$ 

Mmke ui toy dtwn fcr our offtnct ky totigbt."-' 
\ris «/" . . 

7be vocrds of beaxcu ;— «» 'wbc nf it w//i it u;;// 1 
Om 'aobcm it will not^ Jo\ yet fiill *tit fttft.] Tbt iftmi-gedf 
jtutbirityf mtxies us pay the fuH fetiahy rf $yr ojfentet ard in 
Secrets are as littlt to le ^turftioncd as the words tf bea^'cm, wbitb 
fromtUMCts Us pieafure tbusi— I panifi and remit /iuni fitment aeeordin^ 
to my omoss uncontroulable wiUj and yet wbo can fay ^ ^vhat dofi tbcu f 
"^Mako us fay dwon for our cffenc* by 'Ufei^hty is a fine exprcflion to 
figni^' paying the full penalty. The metaphor is taken from paying 
money by toeigbt, which h alwa)*s cxaft ; not fo by ta/e^ on account of 
the prance oidJminiihing the fpecics. Wakburton. 
I fufpe€t that a line is loft. Jojinson. 
it may be read, the fword 9/ heaveu. 

Thus can the dcmi'godf j^utbcrify^ • 

Make us pay down for our offtnce^ by weigbt ;— 
*Tbt-{viot^ of bea-jen ;— en wbom tec. 
/^Mtbority is then poetically called tbo/word ofbtaven, which will fjwre 


Lucio. Why, how now, Claadio? whence comet this 
reftraint ? 

Claud. From too much liberty, my Lncio, liberty : 
As forfeit is the father of much faft» 
So every fcope by the immoderate ufe 
Turns to rem-aint : Our natures do purfue 
(LUce rats that ravin • down their proper bane,) 
A thirfty evil ; and when we drink, we die. 

Luei$. U I could fpeak to wifely under an arreft, I 
would fend for certain of my creditors : And yet, to fay 
the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of freedom, aa 
the morality ^ of imprifonment.'— What's thy offence^ 

CUmd. What, but to fpeak of would o^nd again* 

Lucio. What is it? murder f 

Ckud. No. 

•r puniih, as it is commanded. The alteration U (light, being made Onlf 
by taking a (ingle letter from tht end of the word, and pltdng it tt die 

This very ingenious and elegant emendation was fagge(led to me by 
the rev. Dr. Roberts, of Eaton; and it maybe countenanced by Che fcA* 
lowing pafTage in the CtklerU Prtfiwyf 1594 : 

« -^R brief they are tbtjwordt •fhtmt** to pisnlih.* 

Sir JV. Dmv*naBU who incorporated thia play of BUkfpmrt with 
Much tidodlcut Nothings and formed out of them a Tf agi-comedy calltd 
Tht Law dgdinft Lover Sf omits the two laft lines of this fpeech ; I fup- 
pofe, on account of their feeming obfcurity. Stxxvsns. 

The very ingenious emendation propokd by Dr« Roberts it yet more 
Arongly fupported by another pairaft in the play before us, whtre this 
phrafe occurs [aft III. fc. laft] t 

«< He who thifwordofiemrnen will bear, 
** Should be as holy aa fevtfc s'* 
|tt I believe the old oopy is right. Mal on k. 

Hotwithftanding Dr. Roberti*8 ingenious conjedore, tlK teitlt c*« 
taialy right, jtuthoriiy being abfolute ta Angelo, is finely ftiled- by 
Ckttdioy tht demi gtd. To hia uncontnmlable powtr^ the poet applica 
• paflagc ffoflft St. Paul to the Romans, ch. Ix. v. 15, 18, which he pro* 
fukf d^es, tht vftfds §f heaven: ibr he (aith to Mofes, I will have 
mercy on whom I will have mercy, Jte* And again s Thttefbrehath he 
mercy on whom he will have mercy, tec Hx n l x v . 

9 Like rats that rvnn Sec. 1 To ravm was forme^ ofed for eagerly 
€r voracioufly devouring any thing. Rx x d . 

Ravin is an ancient word forfrtf. Stxxvxiis* 

* "^atthe morality—] The okico^ has MrlM/fff* It Was correftcd 
hSirWflUsBDm&Mt. Um^wz. 



iMcic, Lechery f 

CIoMd. Call it fo. 

Prov, Away, fir ; you mnft go. 

CiauJ. One wor4» good friend :-— Lacio, a word with 
yoa. [T^ts kum mfidi. 

Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do yoa any goodL-^ 
Is lechery fo lookM after ? 

Ciami. Thus (lands it with me ^— Upon 1 tme contr&ft* 
I got pofleffion of Julietta's bed * ; 
You know the lady ; ihe is £ift my wife^ 
Save that we do the deaosiciation lack 
Of outward order ;. this we came not to. 
Only for puiopagation of a dower ' 
Remaining in the oofftr of her friends ; 
Prom whom we thought it meet to liide our love^ 
Till time had made diem for us. Bat it chancei# 
The Health of oar moft mutual entertainment. 
With chara^er too nofi, b writ on Julxcl* 

Lucio. With child> perhaps f 

Claude Unhappily, even k>. 
And the new deputy now for the duke«— - 
Whether it be the fault and riimiife of newncfs ^ % 
Ox whether that the body publick be 

Kcate to M Ipokeii cooceming Juliet> before her face* for fbt appe«rt tor 
be brought in with the reft, thouf^ ike hat nothuig to lay. The Cbwa 
jpoiats her out as they enter $ and yet from Cbiudio*s teUing Lucio» tisi 
ktknowt thttadji tec* one wovld think fte was notmcaat to ha?e gna4e 
her perfonal appearance on the (ceoe. St x b vbm a* 

Claudio may be fuppoTed to ipeak to Lucio apart. Ma l o if z • 
f Only for propagation «/ m dowir-^'\ The meaningof theipoaker it 
foflkienUy clear} yet this term appeara a very ftrange one. Sif WiUiam 
Pattnant feems alfo to hafe thought fo ; for he reada 
** Only for the aflurance ofs dowry, "^ 
Perhaps we ihoold read— mi/jr for prorogation—. M a i on i • 
4 Whether it hi the fault and glimple of newnefi\\ Fault, I apprt- 
bendy does not refer to any enormous ad done by the deputy, (at Dr. 
JohA(bn feems to have thought) but to ntwnefi. Tht fault andg/mpfr 
is the fame as tbt faulty glim^J§, And the meaning feems to be— •>rK« 
ther it he die fault of newneu^ afauk srifingfrom tie mimJkeingdawaled 
iy a novel authority ^ of which the uew governour has yet kad only a 
glimpie,— ^tfx jftf taktn only a kfffiy [urm^ ^ or inhethtf U,%* SJiakfpeare 
lUf many tellar expicflloBt». MaIiOIIC* 
. . . Ahpiic. 


A horfe whereon the governor doth ride. 

Who, newly in the feat, that it mav know 

He can command, let's it ibraight feel the fpur : 

Whether the tyranny be in his place, 

.Or in his eminence that fills it up, 

I ftagger^n :-r-But this n^w governor 

Aw^es me all the enrolled penalties, 

.Which have, like unfcour'd armour ', hung by thfe wall^ 

So long, that nineteen zodiacks have gone round. 

And none of them been worn ; and, for a name. 

Now puts the drowfy and negleded a£l 

Frefhly on me ^ :t— 'tis, furcly, for a name. » 

Lucio, I warrant, it is : and thy head ftands fo tickle ^ 
on thy (houlders^that a inillo.iiiaid,iffhe be in love, may 
iigh it offl; Send after the dnkb, and appeal to him. 

Clau4» . I have done fo, but he is not to be found. 
I pr'ythee, ^Lucio, do me this kind fervice : 
This day my fifter (hould the doiftcr enter, 
^nd there receive her approbation ^. : 
Acquaint her with the danger of my date ; 

5 ^^ in* MBfcour^d armour,'} So, inTreiltta and Crtjfda f 

<« Like rujiy mail in inonumental mockery." St s t vx.9|f . 

6 — — But this new governcr 
Awajces.m; 4// /^tf enrolled penalties, 

' Pf^Hich bat/g, like uttfcour*d at^mour, hung by the wallj ' 
* So long • • I 

Now putt the drowfy and neglected aSf 

Frejhly on me:] Lord Straftbrd, in the conclufion of hia Defence 
• Jn die Houfc of Lonls, had, perhaps, thcfe lines in his thoughts : 

« It is now fujl two hundred and forty years fince any man was touched 
for this- allcdged crime, to this height, before myfclf.' — Let us red con- 
tented with that which our fathers have left us ; and not awake thofe 
fieepUgWoMy to our own dcftruftion, by raking u|) a few mufiy records^ 
that have lain fo many ages tytbe walls, ({mtt forgotten znd negleSed.^* 


7 — .fo tickle] i. c. tickli/h. This word is frequently ufed by our old 
dramatick authors:. Steivzns. 

« — her approbation :] i. c. enter on htt probation, or noviciate. So 
again, in this play : 

«* I, in probation of a fifterhood**— . 

Again, in The Mtrry Devil of Edmonton, 1608 ; 
•• Madam, for a twelvemonth's approbation, 
M Wc mean to make ^hc Uial gf our chi^." Mai on e. 

'■• \ Implore 


Implore her, in my voice, that (he make friends 

To the ftrid deputy ; bid herfelf afTay him ; 

I have great hope in that : for in her youth 

There is a prone and fpeechlefs dialed ^, 

Such as nvDves men ; befide, (he hath profperous art. 

When fhc will play with reafon and dilicouric. 

And well ihe can perfuade. 

Lucio. I pray, ihe may : as well for the encouragement 
of the like, which elfe would Hand under grievous impofi- 
tion*; as for the enjoying of thy life, who I would be 
forry fliould^be thus foolifhly loft at a game of tick-tack *. 
I'll to her. 

Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio. 

Lucio, Within two hours,— 

Claud. Come, officer, away. [Exeunt. 


J MoMaJlery. 
Enter Duke, and Friar Thomas. 

Duke. No ; holy father ; throw away that thought ; 
Believe not that the dribbling dart of love 

9 — prone and fpeechlefs d'laleEi,'] Prone^ I believe, in ufed here for 
fromptf Jign'ificanti txprejjive (though fptfcchlcfs), as in our author'* 
Rape of Lvcrece it mcznsardeat,bead'Jlrofigi rufliing forward to its objc£l s 
<< O ihit prone lu(^ ihould ftain Co pure a bed !** Ma lone. 
Prone, perhaps, may ftand for bumlfle, as a prone pbfture is a pofture of 
fupplication. So, In the Opportitnifjf by Shirley, 1640: 
" You hzvt projirate language." 
The fame thought occurs in the Winter^ t Tale : 
" The filence often of pure innocence 
«< Perfuades, when fpcaking fails." 
Sir W. D^Avenant, in his alteration of the play, changes prone to 
f'weetm I mention fome of his variations, to (hew that what appear dif- 
Acuities to us were difficulties to him, who living nearer the time of 
Shakfpeare, might befuppofedto have underftood his language more in- 
timately. Stievens. 

I m.~under grievous impojithn ;] I once thought it ihould be inquift* 
tion ; but the prefent reading is probably right. The crime would b( under 
griet'ous penalties impofed. Johnson. 

X -^<^ at a game of tick-tack.] Tick-tack is a game at tables. 
** Jouer au tric^trdf^'' u ufcd la French, in a wanton fenfe. M a l o n e • 

Vol. n. C Can 


Can pierce a c6mplete bofom * : why I defire thee 
To give me fecret harboar, hath a purpofc 
More grave and wrinkled than the aims and endt 
Of burning youth. 

Fri, T. Nlay vour grace fpeak of it ? 

Duke. My holy fir, none better knows than yon 
How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd * ; 
And held in idle price to haunt affemblies. 
Where youth, and coll, and witlefs bravery* keeps* 
I have deliver' d to lord Angelo 
(A man of flridlure^, and nrm abftinence) 
My abfolute power and place here in Vienna, 
And he fuppofes me travell'd to Poland ; 
For fo I have ilrew'd it in the common ear. 
And fo it is received : Now, pious fir. 
You will demand of me, why I do this ? 

Fri. T. Gladly, my lord. 

Duh. We have ftrid ftatutes, and moft biting lawf,^ 
(The needful bits and curbs tohead-ftrong lleeds,) 
Which for thefe fourteen years we have let fleep ''; 


3 Believe not that the dribbling dart of love 

Canpierce a complete bofom :] Think not that a bread completely 
grmed can be pierced by the dart of iove, that comts fluttering wUbcut 
force. Johnson. 

4 — the life remov'dj] i. c. a life of retirement, a life removed from 
the bu(lle of the world . Stexvens. 

So, in Hamlet : ** It wafts you to a more removed ground.**MALONX. 

5 — and vfitlefs braverj— ] Bravery in old language often means, 
fplen-dour of drefs. And was fupplied by the fecond folio. Malonx. 

<>AmanofJiT\€iwTty'] StriSiure (or ftriSnefi. Johnson. 
7 fVe baveJiriSlfiatutcit and moji biting latvsj 
{The needful bits and curbs to head-Jirong fteeds,) 
Which for thefe fourteen yean v)e have let fleep ;] The old copy 
rtads— head-ftrong ^i;av/i, znA^^tX. flip. Both the emendations were 
made by Mr. Theobald. The latter may derive fupport (as he has ob* 
ierved) from a fubfequcnt line in this play : 

" The law hath not been dead, though it hath fUpt.^'* 
So> alfo, from a paHage in Hamlet : 
" ,. How (land I then, 

*« That have a father kill'd, a mother ftainM, 
•* Excitements of my rcafon and my blood, 
" And/ff all/r^/" 
If flip be the true readins»(idiicb| howeftr»I do not believe,) the fenfe 




Even likt an o'cr-grown lion in a cave. 
That goes not out to prey : Now, as fond fathers 

Having bound up the threai'ning twigs of birch. 

Only to iHck it in their children's fight, 

i**or terror, not to ufe ; in time the rod 

-Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd ' : fo our decrees, 

Dead to infli£iion, to themfelves are dead ; 

^nd liberty plucks juiHce by the nofe ; 

The baby beats the nurfe, and quite athwart 

Goes all decorum. 

Fri. T, It refled in your grace 
"To unloofe this tied-up juilice, when you pleas'd : 
-Audit in you more dreadful would have fecm'd, 
*rhan in lord Angelo. 

Duke. I do fear, too dreadful : 
Sith * 'twas my fault to give the people fcope, 
*Twould be mv tyranny to llrike, and gall them. 
For what I bid them do : For we bid this be done. 
When evil deeds have their permiflive pafs. 

And not the punilhment. Therefore, indeed, my father, 

I have on Angelo impos'd the office ; 

Who may, in the ambufh of my name, (Irike home. 

And yet my nature never in the fight. 

To do it dander ' : And to behold his fway, 

may he, — whick for thefe fourteen years we have fufFered to fgfx Mn" 
96nced, MMohfervid ; for to the fame phrafe is ufed ia tnuelftb A'lgbt : 
«LetkJin let thumztter Jlipj and I'll give him my horfe,grey CapuTet.** 

Mr. Theobald ^UttrtA fourteen to nineteen^ to make the Duke's ac- 
count correfpond with a (peech of Claudio's in a form(*r fcene, but with- 
out neceffity | for our author is often incorreA in the computation of 
time. Maloms. 

Theobald's corre^on is roifplaced. If any corredlion is really ne- 
ceflvy, it ihould have been oiade where Claudio, in a foregoing line, fays 
mnttetn yem. I am difpofed to take the Duke's words. Whalt xy. 

• Becomes msre m$ck''d, than feared ;] Beccma was added by Mr. 
Pope to reAore fenfe to the paH'age, fome fuch word having been left 
out. Stkzvxks. 

9 5lf ^i— ] i. e. lince. Stbivcns. 

^ To d9 itflgmdtr /] The original copy reads— To do h flandef. 
The emendation was Sir Thomas Hanmcr's. In the preceding line 
the firft folio appears to have— ^^;&r \ which feems to be countenanced 
by the words ambnjb tnd firikt. Sight was introduced by Mr. Pope, 


C 2 J will. 


I will, as 'twere a brother of your order, 

Vifit both prince and people : therefore, I pr'ythec. 

Supply me with the habit, and inflrud me 

How I may formally in perfon bear me * 

Like a true friar. More reafons for this action. 

At our more leifure fhall I render yon ; 

Only, this one : — Lord Angelo is precife ; 

Stands at a guard ' with envy ; fcarce confeflcs 

That his blood flows, or that his appetite 

Is more to bread than ftone : Hence (hall we kc. 

If power change purpofe, what our feemers be. 


ji Nunnery, 
£nter Isabella aWFrancisca. 

I/ab» And have you nuns no farther privileges ? 

Fran, Are not thefe large enough ? 

I/ab. Yes, truly : I fpeak not as defiring more j 
But rather wifliing a more ftrift rellraint 
Upon the fifter-hood, the votariils of faint Clare. 

Lucio, [luitbinl Ho ! Peace be in this place I 

Ifah. Who's that whicli calls ? 

Fran. It is a man's voice : Gentle Ifabella, 
Turn you the key, and know his bufmefs of him ; 
You may, I may not ; you are yet unfworn : 
When you have vow'd, you muft not fpeak with men. 
But in the prefcnce of the priorefs : 
Then, if you fpeak, you mutl not (hew your face ; 
Or, if you (hew your face, you muft not fpeak. 
He calls again ; I pray you, anfwer him. [Exit Fr a x. 

Ifab, Peace and profperity ! Who is't that calls ? 

Hanmer's emendation is fupportcd by a pafTage in Henry IV, P. I ; 

" Ds me HO 'J!anJerfDo\ig\ii{st I dare fight." Steevxns.*' 
% — in perfon hear mc] Me, which Iccms to have been accidentally 
wnittcd in the old copy, was inferted by Mr. Stccvcns. Maloni. 
So, in the Tempeji : 

** — ■^— forae good inftnidion give, 
'< How Imay ^Mr m« here.** Stikviks. 
3 Sta9dt at # t[U0rd»^] Standi on termi of defitikce. Jor n i o n . 



Enter Luc 10. 

Lucia, Hail, virgin, if you be ; as thofc cheek-rofes 
Proclaim you are no lefs ! Can you fo ftead me. 
As bring me to the fight of Ifabella, 
A novice of this place, and the fair filler 
To her unhappy brother Claudio ? 

I/ah, Why her unhappy brother ? let me aik ; 
The rather, for I now mufl make you know 
I am that Ifabella, and his fifter. 

Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly greets you : 
Not to be weary with you, he's in prifon, 

I/ah, Woe me ! For what ? 

Lucio. For that, which, if myfelf might be his judge S 
He fliould receive his punilhment in thanks : 
He hath got his friend with child. 

I/ah, Sir, mock me not : — your ftory '. 

Ludo, 'Tis true : — I would not ^. — Though 'tis my fa- 
miliar fin 


4 For that, which, if myfelf mizht he hU judge,"] Perhaps thcfe wordi 
were tranfpofcd at the prefi. The fcnfe fccms to require— That, for 
which, &c. Malonx. 

J Sir, mzkc mi not your ftory,] Thus the old copy. IhaTcnodoubt 
that we ought -to read (as I have printed,) Sir, mock me not :— your ftorj'* 

So, in Macbeth : 

" Thou com'ft to ufe thy tongue '.-^^by fiory quickly." 

InKing Lear we have—** Pray, do not mock me." 
I befeech you. Sir, (fays Ifabel) do not play upon my fears ; refenre this 
idle talk for fome other occa/ion ; — proceed at once to your tale. Lucio^ 
fubfequent words, f" *Tis true,*' — J. e. you -are right j I thank you 
for reminding me ;} which, as the text has been hitherto printed, had AO 
meaning, are then pertinent and clear. Mr. Pope was fo fen/ible of 
the impoffibilky of reconciling them to what preceded in the old copy^ 
that he fairly omitted them. 

What Ifabella fays afterwards, fully fupports this emendation: 
•* You do blafpheme the good, in mocking me," 

I have obferved that almoft every pafTagc in our author, in which 
there is either a broken fpcech, or a fudden tranAtion without a connect- 
ing particle, has been corrupted by the carclcflhefs of either the tran* 
briber or compofitor. See a note on hwt^i Labour'% Lofty Adl II. Sc.ij 

*« A man of— fovercign, pecrlefs, he*s efteem'd." 
And another on Corioianust Aft I. Scene iv : 

« You Ihames of Rome ! you herd o f Boils and plaguM 
<* Piaifter you o'er!" Malonx. 

^ I v/Quld not*] i. e« Be ail'ured, I would not mock you. Soafter- 
C a waids i 


With maids to feem the lapwing ^, and to jeft. 
Tongue far from heart ', — play with all virgins fo, 
I hold you as a thing enfky 'd, and fainted ; 
By your renouncement, an immortal fpirit ; 
And to be talk*d with in fmccrity. 
As witli a faint. 

Ifab. You do blafphemc the good, in mocking me. 

Lucio, Do not believe it. Fcwncfs and truth', 'tis thus: 
Your brother and his lover have' embraced *: 

wards : " Do not believe it ;" i. e. Do not fuppofe that I would mock 

you. NfALONE. 

7 With maids to feem thg iapivhgf'] The lapwings fly with fecmlng 
flight and anxiety ifar from their nclts, to deceive thofe who feek their 
young. Hanmss. 

See Ray's Proverbs : " Tht lapioirtg cries, tongue/ar from heart,** 
The farther fhe is from her ncft, where her heart is with her young 
ones, (he is the louder, or perhaps all tongue. Smith. 
See the Come^iy of Errors, Aft IV. Sc. iii. G&cy. 
* Though 'tis my familiar Jin 

With maidvto fefm the iapivirg, and to jeft, 

T9ngye far frtm heart y-^playtuitb all 'virgins Jo^ &c»'\ This paf* 
^^t has been pointed in the modern editions thus : 

'Tis true :— I would not (though 'tis my familiar fin 
With maids to feem the lapwing, and to jeft, 
Tongue far from heart) play with all virgins fo : 
I hold you &c. 
According to this punctuation, Lucio is made to deliver a fentiment 
direftly oppofite to that which the author intended. Though 'tis my 
€9mmon traSiice to jefi with and to deceive all virgins, I would not Jo flay 
tvitb ail virgins. 

The fenfe, as the text is now regulated, appears to me clear and eafy. 
*Tis very true, (fays he) I ought indeed, as you fay, to proceed at once to 
myftory. Be ajfured, I would not mock you. Though it is my familiar 
mradice to jeft with maidens, and, like the lapwing, to deceive them 
ly my infmccrc prattle, though, I fay, it is my ordinary and habi^ 
tual fraHice to Cport in this manner with all virgins, yet I Jbould 
never think of treating you fo ; for I confider you, in confcqucnce of 
jour having renounced the world, as an immortal fpirit, as one to 
whom I ought to fpeak with as much iincerity as if I were addre/T- 
jog a faint. Ma lone. 

9 Fewnefs and truth,'] i. e, in fev) wjrds, and thofe true one*. 
In fev), is many times thus ufed by Shakfpcare. Steivens. 

* Tour brother and his lovcT''-'] i. e. his mtftrefs; lover, in our aa« 
thor's time, being applied to the female as well as the male fcx. Thus, 
one of his poems, containing the lamentation of a defcrced maiden, is 
entitled « A Ln^z-'i Complaiat.'* Maloms. 



As thoTe that feed grow full ; as blofibming time^ 

That from the feednefs the bare fallow brings 

To teemine foyfoa, even fo her plenteous womb 
fxprelTeth his full tilth and hufbandry^. 

I/al. S(^e one with child by him ?•— My coufin Juliet? 

Lucio. Is (he your coufin ? 

I/aS. Adopcedly; as fchool-maids change their naQieSj 
By vain though apt aFedion. 

Lucio. She it is. 

I/a6, O, let him marry her ! 

Lucio. This is the point. 
The duke is verv ftrangely gone from hence ; 
Bore many gentlemen, mylelf being one^ 
In hand, and hope of a^ion' : but we do learp 
By thofc that know the very nerves of ftate, 
ffis givings out were of an infinite di fiance 
Prom his true-meant deiign. Uj^n his place. 
And with full line ^ of his authority. 
Governs lord Angelo; a man, whofe blood 
Is very fnow-broth ; one who never feels 
The wanton ftings and oiotions of the fenfe ; 
But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge 
With profits of the mind, fhidy and faft. 
He (to give fear to ufe ' and liberty. 
Which have, for long, run by the hideous law. 
As mice by Hods,) hath pick'd out an ad^ 

• St hlojfaming ttpu, 

Tbst from tbt fttdnejs the kare fallow brings 

TV teeming foyibn ; fa her plenteous vfomb 

Exfrefetb h'ufull tjlth and bujhandry.} Thit featence, ai Or. 

iohafoo has obierved, U apparently ungraoHnaticaJ. I fufpe^ tw« 
alf lines have been loft. Perhaps however an imperfect fentence was 
intended, of which there are many inftances in thefe plays : — or, at 
might have been ufed in the Oenfe of liki. Teemini foifin is abundant 
(tlenry. Tilth is tillagt, Malonk* 

3 Bor£ msmy weatlimtn^ ■ 

/• band and Upe of afiion:'] To hear in bfmdU a common phraic 
(v to ktep ia exfttSatiou and dependance ; but we ihould read, 
— With hope ofaSion. Johnson. 

4 And With full lino'^l ^^^h full extent, with the whole length* 


5 '^ to give fear to »/««•] To intimidate ufe^ that is, practices loQg 
ioujiteai^;d by (jf/^MS* Johmsok. 

fi 4 Under 


Under whofe heavy fenfe your brother's life 
Falls into forfeit : he arrells him on it ; 
And follows clofe the rigour of the ftatutc. 
To make him an example : all hope is gone, 
Unlefs you have the grace * by your fair prayer 
To foften Angelo : and that's my pith 
Of bufinefs ^ 'twixt you and your poor brother. 

Ij'ab. Doth he fo feck his life? 

Lucio, Has cenfur'd him ® 
Already ; and, as I hear, the provoft hath 
A warrant for his execution. 

Jfab. Alas ! what poor ability's in me 
To do him good ? 

Lucio, Affay the power you have. 

J/ab, My power ! Alas ! I doubt, — 

Lucio, Our doubts are traitors. 
And make us lofe the good we oft might win. 
By fearing to attempt : Go to lord Angelo, 
And let him learn to know, when maidens fuc. 
Men give like gods ; but when they weep and kneel> 
All their petitions are as freely theirs » 
As they themfelves would owe them '. 

J/ab. I'll fee what I can do. 

Lucio. But, fpeedily. 

6 Unlefs you bave the grace--^'] That ii, the acceptablenefs, the 
power of gaining favour. So, when flic makes her fuit, the provoft fays : 

Hea-ven gi-ue thee moving %xzzz% ! Johnson. 

7 — my pith 

0/ bujinejx ] The inmoft part, the main of my meffage. Johns. 

8 Has cenfur d him ] We (hould read, I think. He bai cen- 

Jmred binty &c. In the Mfs. of our author*s time, and frequently ia 
the printed copy of thcfe plays, behas^ when intended to be contra^cd, 
i$ written — h*as. Hence probably the miftake here. Malonk. 

— cenfur'd />/« — ] I.e. fentenccd him. Sa, InOtbei/o: 

** to you, lord governor, 

*< Remains the cenfure of this hcllifti villain." Stievins. 

9 All tbeir fxtitiom are as freely theirs] All their rcquefts are as freely 
granted to them, are granted in as full and beneficial a manner, as they 
themfelves could wifli. The editor of the iccond folio arbitrarily 
reads — tf J truly theirs i which has been followed in all the fubfequent 
copies. Malonk. 

« —wiuld owe them.] To (nve Cgnifics ia this pUce, as in many 
Others, to pofTefs, to have. St;:xv£ns. 



Ijah, I will aboat it fbaight ; 
No longer ftaying but to give the mother • 
Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you : 
Commend mc to my brother : foon at night 
I'll fend him certain word of my fuccefs. 

Lucio, I take my leave of you. 

IjdL Good fir, adieu. * Exenntm 

A C T II. s C E N E I. 

A Hall in Angelo's Hou/e. 

Inttr Angel o, Escalus, a Juftice, Provoft *, Offian^ 
and other Attendants. 

Ang. We mufl not make a fcare-crow of the law* 
Setting it up to fear the birds of prey ', 
And let it keep one fhape> till cuftom make it 
Their perch, and not their terror. 

EjcaL Ay, but yet 
Let us be keen, and rather cut a little. 
Than fall, and bruife to death ^: Alas! this gentleman^ 
Whom I would fave, had a moft noble father. 
Let but your honour know ' , 
(Whom I believe to be moft llrait in virtue,) 

• -~/Be metber'] The abbcfs, or priorefs. Johnson* 
. 2 Frs-vofit] A provoft ii generally the executioner of an army. 


" A Provoft martial" MinOieu explains <' Prevoft det Marefchanx i 
** Pntfe^ii* rerum ca^itarium, prxtor rerum capitalium." Rsxo. 

A prilon for military offenders is at this day, in feme places, called the 
PrevSt, Malonz. 

3 — re fear the blrdt ef ^rry,] To ftar it to affngbi, to terrifym 


4 Than fall, andbruiftto death:"] i. e. fall tbioxe'y^r rather, let the 
criminal fail, &c. AIalone. 

Shakfpeare has ufcd the fame verb adlive in the Comedy of Error t^ 
aod As ycu like ii» St £ e v e n s. 

5 Lit bui your honour knovfy] To knovj is here to examiae^ to tski 
<»inij'ance* So, in AM'tdfummer NigbCs Dream: 

«* Tbertforey fair Utrmiat queftion your def rex \ 

•• KaoYiofjoiirtnithf ejtumise well jour bM.** Johnson. 



That, in the working of your own affedions. 

Had time coher'd with place, or place with wiihing* 

Or that the refolute ading of your blood ^ 

Could have attained the cfFed o£ your own porpofe^ 

Whether you had not fomctime in your life 

Err'd in this point which now you ccnfurc him^. 

And puird the law upon you. 

j4ufr. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Efcalus, 
Anotner thing to fall. I not deny, , 

TThe jury, pading on the priibner's life, 
May, in the fworn twelve, have a thief or two 
Guiltier than him they try : What's open made 
To juflice, that juilice feizes. What know the laws. 
That thieves do pafs on thieves • ? Tis very pregnant**. 
The jewel that we find, we ftoop and take it, 
fiecaufe we fee it ; but what we do not fee. 
We tread upon, and never think of it. 
You may not fo extenuate his offence. 
For I have had fuch faults ', but rather tell mc^ 
When I that cenfure him do fo offend, mine own judgment pattern out my death, 
, And nothing come an partial. Sir, he muH die* 

i/cai. Be it as your wiiUom will. 

jiftg. Where is the provoft ? 

Prov. Here, if it like your honour. 

* — of yonr hiicd] Old copy— w«r blood. Corrcdlcd by Mr. Rowe. 


7 m^ttfhieb nr^w yem ctnfvre bim-,"] Some word feemi to be wanting to 
vntke this line fenfc. Perhaps, we Hiould read— which now you cen- 
iure himy#r. Stf.lvens. 

b ^hat kfiow the Ijtvtf 

That thie%<s do pafs on tbte^/es f ] How can the adminlftrator of 
the laws take cognisance ofwhat I ha\cjull mentioned? How can they 
Icnow, whether the jur>meh who decidt on the lite or death of thicvci 
ke themfclves as crlr.iinal as thole whom they try? To fafs on is a 
forcnfick term. So, inthe\**ell-known provifion of Magna CHAaxA: 
— ** T\cz Ju} er ium iLirnuSf ncc fuper cum mittcmus, nih per legale judi- 
cium panujH fu.>rum, vel per legem terror.^';. 

9 *7ij '■jery frcgrant^'] ^T'lS piain iliac wc muft aCt with bad as with 
frood ; wc punifh the fault?, as we take the adv.jntagcs, that lie in our 
•way, and what wc Jo rot fee we cannot note. Johnson. 

' For I have had fuch fruit i^'\ That ii, hci.a:*f<, hy rtajon that I 
liave had fuch faults. Johmsok. 


An^, See that Claudio 

Be executed by nine to-morrow morning : 

Biiog him his confeflTor^ let htm be prepar'd ; 

for that's the utmoil of his pilgrimage. \Exit Pnwr. 

Ifcd. Well, heaven forgive him ! and forgive ns all I 
Sonic rife by fin, and fome by virtue fell*: 
Some run from brakes of vice, and anfwer none ; 
And ibme condemned for a fault alone. 

Enter £lbow. Froth, Clown, Officers, l£c. 

Eli, Come, bring them away : if thefe be good people 
ia 1 comoion-weal, that do nothing but ufe their abufes 
in common houfes, I know no law : bring them away. 

Jm£, How now, fir ! What's your name ? and what's 
die matter? 

Eli. If it pleafe your honour, I am the poor dukc'i 
confbible, and my name is Elbow; I do lean upon juflice, 
Iti and do bring in here before your good nonoor two 
notorious benefaoors. 

Ang. Benefadors? Well; what benefadtors are they? 
Are they not malefa£tors ? 

* Some rife fcc] This line is in the fir(( folio printed In Italicks, u 
a ^notation. All the folios read in the next line s 

Seme mn from brakts of ice, and anfivernone, Johnson. 

A hrsitt aackntly meant not only a Jharp hit, zfnafftt but alfo the 
engine with which farriers confined the legs of fucn unruly horfes tt 
would not oCberwife fubmit tfaemfelves to be (hod, or to have a cruel 
«paation performed on them. This in fome places is ftill called a 
(aith*t krake. I Kkewife find from Holinfhed, p. 670, that the 
hrake was an engine of torture. It was called the duke of Exeter's 
^ufkcer. See Blackftone*s Comment. IV. 320, 321. 

IfShakfpcare alluded here to this engine, the fenfe of this pafTage 
vill be : Some rmn more than omce from eniines of punijhment, ard anjiver 
n mterrogatories ; mtbiUfome sre condemned tofufferfor d fin fie trejpafu 

A yet plainer meaning may be deduced from the fame words* A hrakt 
aeuit a boJh. By braket of^ice^ therefore, may be meant a coUe^on, 
•n«mber, a tbicket of vices. 

Mr. ToUet is of opinion that, by brakes of vice, Shakfpeare meant 
ooiy the thorny paths of vice. Steztkns. 

I am not facisfied with either the old or prefent reading of this very 
Afficult pafTage ; yet have nothing better to propofe. The modern 
TClding, vice, was introduced by Mr.Rowe. In K. Henry VIII. we have 
•< Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake 
« That vjrra#muft go through*** Malom. 



Elb. If it pleafe your honour, I know not well wlu 
they are : but precife villains they are> that I am fure oi 
and void of all profanation in the world, that go( 
fhriilians ought to have. 

E/caL This comes off well ' ; here's a wife officer. 

Jng, Go to : What quality arc they of? Elbow is yo 
name ? Why doft thou not fpeak. Elbow* ? 

Clonun. FIc cannot, fir ; he*s out at elbow. 

^ttg. What are you, fir ? 

Bit. He, fir? a tapfter, fir; parcel-bawd ' ; one th 
ferves a bad woman ; wliofe houfe, fir, was, as they fa 
pluck'd down in the fuburbs ; and now fhe profefles a h< 
houfe *, which, I think, is a very ill houfe too. 

E/caL How know you that ? 

Elb, My wife, fir, whom I dcteft ^ before heaven a 
your honour, — 

E/caL How! thy wife? 

Elh. Ay, fir; whom, I thank heaven, is an hon 
woman ; — 

E/caL Doft thou deteft her therefore ? 

Elb, I fay, fir, I will deteft myfelfalfo, as well as (1 
that this houfe, if it be not a bawd*s houfe, it is pity 
her life, for it is a naughty houfe. 

3 TlfH comes oSwell\'\ This is nimbly fpoken \ this is volubly 
tered. Johnson* 

The Jame phrafe is employed in Timcn ofAtbensy and elfewhe 
but in the prcfent inftance it is ufcd ironically* The meaning of 
when ferioufly applied to fpeech, i»— 'This is well delivered, this flor 
well t-)ld. Ste£V£ns. 

4 Why dofithou not ff^eakf Elbow ?] Says Angelo to the confta 
<« He wannot, fir, quoth the C/owrit he's out at <lb<nv*''' I know 
whether this quibble be generally obferved .- he is out at the word elb^ 
and our at the elbov) of his coat. The ConJiabUt in his account 
jna^lc- Froth and the Clown, has a ftroke at the puritans^ who m 
very zealous a^inft the flitge about this time . *< Precil'e villains t 
■* arc, that 1 am furc o(\ and void of all profanation in the world, t 
«' good Chriftians ought to have.*' Farmer. 

5 — a tapfter, f.r \ parcel- ba'u'dy'\ This we (hould now exprefs 
Xaying, kt is half-tapfter, half bawd. Johnson. 

Thusin/f Henry jy-. ** a ^tfri«/-giltgobie:," Sti£vens. 

6 —"fie prcfejfei a bot'i§ufej'\ A hot-hcuje is an Englim name f< 
iagnic. Johnson. 

7 ^~vfh9m /dctefti— J He means* pnteft* Malonk. 



^/caL How doil thou know that, conftable ? 

£i6. Marry, fir, by my wife; who, if (he had been a 

woman cardinally given, might have been accufed in 

ibrnication, adultery, and all uncleannefs there. 
£/caI. By the woman's means ? 

£IS. Ay, fir, by miftrefs Over-done's means • : bat 
as fhe (pit in his face, fb (he defy'd him. 

down. Sir, if it pleafe your honour, this is not (b. 

Elb. Prove it before thefe varlets here, thou honoar- 
tble man, prove it. 

E/caL Do you hear how he mifplaces ? [To Angela. 

Clown. Sir, {he came in great with child ; and longing 
(faving your honour's reverence,) for ftew'd prunes • ; fir, 
we had but two in the houfe, which at that very diftant 
time'fiood, as it were, in a fruit-di(h, a difh of fome 
three-pence ; your honours have feen fuch diihes ; the/ 
arc not China diihes, but very good difhes. 

E/caL Go to, go to ; no matter for the di(h, fir. 

CloRjun. No, indeed, fir, not of a pin; you are therein 
in the right : but to the point : as I fay, this mifireffi 
Kbow, being, as I fay, with child, and being great 
bclly'd, and longing, as I faid, for prunes; and having 
bot tst'o in the difh, as I faid, matter Froth here, this 
very man, having eaten the reft, as 1 faid, and, as I fay, 
paying for them very honeftly ; for, as you know, mafter 
Proth, I could not give you three pence again : 

Froth. No, indeed. 

Clcwn. Very well : you being then, if you be remem- 
bered, cracking the ftones of the forefaid prunes ; 

Froth, Ay, fo I did, indeed. 

Clo*wn. Why, very well : I telling you then, if you 
be rcmembcr'd, that fuch a one, and fuch a one, were 

* Ayt Jir^ by mijirefs Over-doTtt" s means ;] Here fcems to have 
^ fome mencion made of Froth, who was to be accufed, and ibme 
^ords therefore may have been loft, unlefs the irregularity of the nar- 
f»tivemay bcbetrcr imputed to the ignorance of the conftable. Johns. 

9 — ^ru>V prunes ;] Stewed prunes were to be found in every 
brothel. See a note on the 3d fccne of the 3d ad of the Firft Part of 
^«^ lieitry JK, In the old copy prunes are fpelt, according to vuJgar 
?tononciation, pre^yn:. Steevkns. 

* — ar /.6jr oi^jf diilant /imr— ] He meant i>/tfff/* Malonk. 



paftcure of the thing you wot of, unlefs they kept ver 
good diet, as I told you ; 

Froth. All this is true. 

Clown. Why, very well then. 

EfcaL Come, you are a tedious fool : to the purpofc.— 
What was done to Elbow's wife, that he hath caufe to com 
plain of? Come me to what was done to her. 

Clown. Sir, your honour cannot come to that yet. 

E/cal. No, fir, nor I mean it not. 

Clo<wn. Sir, but you fhall come to it, by your honour' 
leave : And, I befeech you, look into mailer Froth here 
fir ; a man of fourfcore pound a year ; whofe father dy'« 
at Hallowmas : — Was't not at Hsdlowmas, mafter Froth 

Froib. All-hallond eve. 

Clown. Why, very well ; I hope here be truths : He 
fir, fitting, as I fay, in a lower chair, * fir ; — 'twas i 
The Bunch of Graf is, where, indeed, you have a deli gl 
to fit. Have you not ? 

Froth. I have fo ; becaufe it is an open room, and goo 
for winter. 

Clown. Why, very well then ;-^l hope here be truth* 

jing. This will lail out a night in Ruilia, 
When nights are longeft there : I'll take my leave. 
And leave you to the hearing of the caufe ; 
Hopine, you'll find good caufe to whip them all. 

Efial. I think no lefs: Good morrow to your lordfhif 

[Exit Ancblc 
Now, fir, come on : What was done to Elbow's wif< 
once more ? 

Clown. Once, fir? there was nothing done to her onc< 

Elh. I befeech you, fir, afk him what this man did t 
my wife. 

Clown. I befeech your honour, a/k me. 

E/cal. Well, fir; What did this gentleman to her ? 

Clown. I befeech you, fir, look in this gentleman 

* '^in d lower chair,] One of the editors, plaufibly enough, pr 
pofes to read— in a lower chamber, which derives fomc fupport from tl 
lubfequent words— « where, indeed, you have a delight to fit." B 
the old reading is intelligible, and therefore (hould not be change 
A iowtr chair is a chair lowei than crJiaa'j, Malonk. 

5 faa 


fcce^— Good mafter Froth, look upon his honour j 'tis 

fef agood porpofe : Doth your honour mark his face ? 
EfcaL Ay, fir, very well. 
Clown. Nay, i befeech you mark it well, 
E/cal. Well, Idofo. 
CioRva, Doth your honour fee any harm in his face f 

E/cal. Why, no. 

Clotun. I'll be fuppofed ' upon a book, his face is the 
Hiorft thing about him : Good then ; if his face be the 
worH thing about him, how could mailer Froth do the 
conftable's wife any harm ? I would know that of your 

E/cal, He's in the right : conftabic, what fay you to it ? 

EI&. Firft, an it like you, the houfe is a refpefted 
\iOQit ; next, this is a refpedcd fellow ; and his miftrefs 
M a refpedied woman. 

Clotv/t, By this hand, fir, his wife is a more refpc^led 
peribn than any of us all. 

£/^. Varlet, thou liell; thou lied, wicked varlet: the 
time is yet to come, that llie was ever refpeded with man,, 
woman, or child. 

Clotvn. Sir, ihe was rcfpcded with him before he 
marry'd with her. 

E/cal. Which is the wifcr hcrre ? Jufticc, or Iniquity ♦?— 
Is this true ? 

Elh. O thou cai:iiF! O thou varlct ! O thou wicked 
Hannibal ' ! I refpeded with her, before I was marry*d 
to-her ? If ever I was rcfpedled with her, or flic with me, 
let not your worlhip think me the poor duke's ofiicer : — 
Prove this, thou wicked Hannibal, or I'll have mine 
aftion of battery on thee. 

E/cal , If he took you a box of the ear, you might have 
your adlion of flandcr too. 

3 ril ht fuppofed— .] He ir cans depcfed, M a l o n e . 

^ J aft tee J or Jnijitiry ?] Elbow, the officr of jurtice, or Pompey, 
the inlrumcnt of vice ? Ma l o n k. 

7»jJi>r and Iniquity were, I fuppofc, two perfonnjes well known to 
the audience by their frequent appearance in the old moralities. The 
*ords, therefore, at that time produced a combination of ideal, which 
they ha?c now loft. Johnson. 

5 '^Hannibal y\ Miiiakcn by the conftablc for Cannibal, Johnson. , 


Elb. Marry, I thank your good worlbip for it : "Wliat 
is't your wor&ip's pleafure 1 ihall do with this wicked 

E/cal, Truly, officer, becaufe he hath fome offences in 
him, that thou wouldft difcover if thou couldft, let him 
continue in his courfes, till thou know'fl what they are. 

Elb, Marry, I thank your worlhip for it : — Thou 
feeft, thou wicked varlet now, what's come upon thee ; 
thou art to continue now, thou varlet ; thou art to con- 

EfcaL Where were you bom, friend? [To Froth. 

Froth, Here in Vienna, fir. 

E/caL Are you of fourfcore pounds a year ? 

Froth, Yes, and't pleafe you, fir ? 

E/cal, So. — What trade are you of, fir ? [To the Clown. 

Cloivn, A tapfter ; a poor widow's tapller. 

E/cal, Your miftrefs's name ? 

Clo^wn, Miftrefs Over-done. 

£/cal. Hath fhe had any more than one hufband ? 

Cloivn. Nine, fir ; Over-done by the lafl. 

E/cal, Nine ! — Come hither to me, mafter Froth. 
Matter Froth, I would not have you acquainted with tap- 
fters; they will draw you ^, mailer Froth, and you will 
hang them : Get you gone, and let me hear no more of 

Froth, I thank your worfhip : For mine own part, I 
never come into any room in a taphoufe, but I am drawtt 

E/cal, Well; no more of it, mafter Froth: farewell. 
Come you hither to me, matter tapfter ; what's your name, 
znafter tapfter ? 

Cloavft, Pompey. 

E/cal. Whatelfe.? 

Clown, Bum, fir. 

Ejcal. Troth, and your bum is the greate ft thing about 

^w^tley tvill draivyoUi"] Draiv has here a clufler of fcnfcs. As It re- 
fers to the tapfter, it fignilies /c? c/rjin, to empty ; as it is related to hang^ 
it means to hr conveyed to execu: on on a hurdle. In Froth's anfwer, it is 
the fame as tQ luring algng hy Jgmc motive cr power , Johmson. 



you 7 ; fo that, in the beaftliell fenfe, you arc Pompcy 
the great. Pompcy, you are partly a bawd, Pompey, 
howfoever you colour it in being a tapfter ; Are you not ? 
Come, tell me true ; it (hall be the better for you. 

Cloivn. Truly, fir, I am a poor fellow that would live, 

E/cal. How would you live, Pompey ? by being a bawd ? 
What do you think of the trade, Pompey ? is it a lawful 
trade } 

Cloujn, If the law will allow it, fir. 

E/caL But the law will not allow it, Pompey ; nor it 
fhall not be allowed in Vienna. 

Cloiun, Does your worfhip mean to geld and fpay all 
the youth oi the city ? 

Efcal. No, Pompey. 

Clc^vn, Truly, iir, in my poor opinion, they will to't 
then : If your worlhip will take order for the drabs and 
the knaves, you need not to fear the bawds. 

E/caL There are pretty orders beginning, I can tell 
you: it is but heading and hanging.. 

Clozvn. If you head and hang all that offend that way 
but for ten year together, you'll be glad to give out a 
commifiion for more heads. If this law hold in Vienna 
ten year, I'll rent the faireft houfe in it, after three penc* 
a bay *: If you live to fee this come topafs, fay, Pom- 
pey told you fo. 

E/caL Thank you, good Pompey: and, in requital of 
your prophecy, hark you, — I advife you, let me not find 
you before me again upon any corapjaint whatfoever, no, 
not for dwelling where you do ; if I do, Pompey, I fliall 
beat you to your tent, and prove a llirewd Ca:far to you ; 

7 —' great eji thing about you ]'\ This fa'liion, of which, perhaps, 
fome remains wore tu be found in the agi; of Sliakfpcarp, fcenns to have 
prevailed originally in that of Chaucer, who, in the Ferfone: Tale fpc^kj 
of it thus: «* Som of hem ^c^'en the boife and the iliapc &c. in the 
wrapping of hir hofcn, and eU the huttokkes of hem hebinde, Sec,'* 
Greene, in one of his pieces, mentions the great burnrr.e cf Paris, 


• r II rent the fa'ircji bcufe in it, after three pence a bay ;] A bay of 
building is, in many parts of England, a common term, of which the 
beft conception that 1 could ever attain, is, that it is the fjacebetwc* 
the main beamt of the roof; fothat a barn crjiTed twice with beams is 
a barn of three ^^^x. ' J oh if son. 

Vol. II. D ia 


in plain dealing, Pomppy, I (hall have you whipt : fo foT*^*^ 
this time, Pompey, fare you well. 

Clo<wn, I thank your worfhip for your good counfel ; but 
I fhall follow it, as the fleih and fortune (hall better dc- 

Whip me ? No, no ; let carman whip his jade ; 
The valiant heart's not whipt out of his trade. [Exit. 

EfcaL Come hither to me, mafter Elbow ; come hither, 
matter conftable. How long have you been in this place 
of conftable? 

Elb, Seven year and a half, fir. 

EfcaL I thought, by your readinefs ' in the office, you 
had continued in it fome time : You fay, feven years to- 
gether ? 

Elb. And a half, fir. 

EfcaL Alas ! it hath been great pains to you! They do 
you wrong to put you fo oft upon't : Are there not men in 
your ward fufficient to ferve it ? 

Elh. Faith, fir, few of any wit in fuch matters : as 
they are chofen, they are glad to choofe me for them ; 
I do it for fome piece of money, and go through with all. 

EfcaL Look you, bring me in the names of fome fix or 
feven, the moll fufficient of your parifh. 

Elb, To your worfhip's houfe, fir ? 

EfcaL To my houfe: Fare you well. — What's o'clock, 
think you ? 

Jufl, Eleven, fir. 

EfcaL I pray you home to dinner with me. 

Jufl, I humbly thank you. 

EjcaL It grieves me for the death of Claudio ; 
But there's no remedy. 

Jufi, Lord Angelo is fevere. 

EfcaL It is but needful : 
Mercy is not itfelf, that oft looks fo ; 
Pardon is ftill the nurfe of fecond woe : 
But yet, — Poor Claudio ! — There's no remedy. 
Come, fir. [Exeunt. 

9 -. /»y your reaMnefs-—] Old Copy — the rcadincfx. Corrected by 
Mr. Pope. In the Mfs. of our author's age,^^ and y, (fur fo they 
were frequently written) were cafily confounded. M a l o n e . 




Another Room in thi fame. 
Enter Provoft, and a Servant. 

^crv. He's hearing of a caufc; he will come ftraight : . 
I'D tcU him of you. 

Pro-v. Pray you, do. [£x-/> Servant.] TU know 
His plcafure ; may be, he will relent : Alas, 
He hath but as offended in a dream ! 
All fefts, all agesfmack of this vice ; and he 
To die for it !— 

Enter Ancelo. 
Jfig, Now, what's the matter, provoft ? 
Fro<v. Is it your will Claudio Ihall die to-morrow ? 
Jng, Did I not tell thee, yea ? hadft thou not order f 
Why doft thou afk again ? 

Pro*o. Left I mi^t be toorafti : 
Under your good correction, I have feen. 
When, after execution, judgment hath 
Repented o'er his doom. 

Ang, Go to ; let that be mine : 
Do you your office, or give up your place. 
And you ftiall well be fpared. 

Prov, I crave your honour's pardon.— , 

What fhall be done, fir, with the groaning Juliet ? 
She's very near her hour. 

Ang. Difpofeofher 
To fome more fitter place ; and that with fpeed. 
Re-enter Servant. 
5fri;. Here is the fifterofthe man condemn 'd, 
Defires accefs to you. 
Ang, Hath he a fifter ? 

Pro'v. Ay, my good lord; avery virtuous maid. 
And to be Ihortly of a fifter-hood, 
Jf not already. 

Ang. Well, letherbeadmittefl. [-ff;^// Servant** 

See you the fornicatrefs be removed ; 
Let her have needful, but not lavifh, means ; 
There ftiall be order for it. 

D 2 Enter 


Enter Lucio, and Isabella. 

Prov. Save your honour ! [offering to retire^ 

Ang. Stay a little while*. — [to I/ab.\ You arc wel- 
come : What's your will ? 

J/ab, I am a woeful Alitor to your honour» 
Wcafe but your honour hear me. 

Ang» Well ; what's your fuij ? 

I/ab, There is a vice, that moil I do abh6r. 
And mofl defire ihould meet the blow of juftice ; 
For which I would not plead, but that I mull i 
For which I mud not plead, but that 1 am 
At war, 'twixt will, and will not*. 

Jng, Well ; the matter ? 

J/ab. I have a brother is condemned to die l 
I do befeech you, let it be his faulty 
And not my brother^. 

Pro<v, Heaven give thee moving graces ! 

Ang. Condemn the fault, and not the aflorofit t 
Why, every fault's condemn' d, ere it be done ; 
Mine were the very cypher of a fundlion. 
To fine the faults +, whofc fiac Hands in record. 
And let go by the adlor. 


1 Stay a ItttU tvhUeJ] It is not clear why the provoft is bidden to fttjf, 
nor when he goes out. Johkson. 

Stay a little while is faid by Angelo, in anfwer to the words, ^ Savt 

utr loncur j*' which denoted the Provoft's intention to depurt. Ifa* 

ella ufcs the fame words to Angclo, when (^t gees out, near the con- 

clu/ion of this fcene. So alfo, when (he offers to retire, on finding ker 

fuit ineffcdual : " Heaven keep your honour !** Malonk. 

^ For which I mufi not fUady but that J am 

At war J * twixt will, and will not.] i. e. for which I muft not 
plead, but that there is a conflidt in roy bread betwixt my aftedlion for 
mjr brother, which induces mc to plead for him, and my regard to vir- 
tue, which forbids me to intercede for one guilty of fuch a crime j ani 
I find the former more powerful than the latter. M a l on e . 

3 — let it be his fault , 

And not my brother. "l i. e let his fault be condemned, or extirpated 
kut let not my brotlvrr hlmfelf fuffer. Malonk. 

4 To fine the faults-—^ To fine means, I think, to pronounce the 
Jine or fentence of the law, appointed for certain crimes. Mr. Theo- 
bald, without neccffity, reads fnd* The rc|>ctition if much in our 
author's manner; Malo»s. 


If ah. O juft, but fevers law ! 
I had a brother then. — Heaven keep your honour ! 


Lucio.^ Give'tnot o'erfo: to him again, intreathim^ 
Kneel down before him, hang upon his gown j 
You are too cold : if you Ihould need a pm. 
You could not with more tame a tongue defire it : 
To him, I fay. 

J/ab, Mu^ he needs die ? 

j/ing. Maiden, no remedy. 

Ifab. Yes ; I do think that you might pardon him. 
And neither heaven, nor man, grieve at the mercy. 

j^ng. I will not do't. 

J/aB, But can you, if you would? 

jing. Look, what I will not, that I cannot do. 

Ifab. But might you do't, and do the world no wrong, 
Jf fo your heart were touch'd with that remorfe ' 
As mine is to him ? 

Aftg» He's fentenc'd ; 'tis too late. 

Lucio, You are too cold. [Tc Ifab* 

Ifab, Too late? why, no; I, that do fpeak a word. 
May call it back again ^: Well believe this ', 
No ceremony that to great ones 'longs. 
Not the king's crown, nor the deputed fword. 
The marftial's truncheon, nor the judge's robe. 
Become them with one half fo good a grace. 
As mercy does. If he had been as you. 
And you as he, you would have flipt Hkc him ; 
But he, like you, would not have been fb Hern. 

jing. Pray you, be gone. 

Ifab* I would to heaven I had your potency. 
And you were Ifabel ! (hould it then be thus ? 
No ; I would tell what 'twere to be a judge. 
And what a prifoner. 

Lucio, Ay, touch him : there's the vein. I-^^^* 

5 — with that remorfe,"] Remorfe in this place, ai in many others, 
U pity. Set Otbcl/o, Aft. III. Steevf.ns. 

6 May call it bacic again ; J The word back was infcrted by th« 
editor ot'the fccond folio, for the fake of the metre, Maloni. 

7 Wd^ btiitvt tkisp} Be thoroughly afTurcd of thii. Theobald. 

D 3 ^»/ 


Ang, Your brother is a forfeit of the law. 
And you but wallc your words. 

Ijab. Alas! alas! 
Why, all the fouls that were *, were forfeit once ; 
And he that might the vantage beft have took. 
Found out the remedy : How would you be. 
If he, which is the top of judgment, (hould 
But judge you as you are ? O, think on that ; 
And mercy then will breathe within your lips. 
Like man new made ' . 

Ang. Be you content, fair maid ; 
It is the law, not I, condemns your brother : 
Were he my kinfman, brother, or my fon. 
It (hould be thus with him ; — he mud die to-morrow. 

Ifab, To-morrow ? O, that's fuddcn ! Spare him, fparc 
him ; 
He's not prepared for death ! Even for our kitchens 
We kill tne fowl of feafon ; (hall we ferve heaven 
With lefs refped than we do minilier 
To our profs felvcb ? Good, good my lord, bethink you : 
Who is It that hath died for this offence ? 
There's many have committed it. 

Lucio. Ay, well faid. 

Ang, The law hath not been dead, though it hath flcptJ 
Thofe many had not dared to do that evil. 
If the firft man that did the edidl infringe ', 
Had anfwer'd for his deed : now, 'tis awake ; 
Takes note of what is done ; and, like a prophet. 
Looks in a glafs ^, that (hews what future evils. 


8 — all the fouls that were,] This is falfc divinity. Wc fliould read, 
itre» Warburton. 

9 Ar.d mercy then iv'ill hreatke tvitkin your Hf>Sf 

Like man neiu madc,^ You will then appear as tender-hearted 
and merciful as the firil man was in his days of innocence, immediately 
after his creation. Malonf. 

J rather think the mcnning is, Tcu ivU! then change the ftverity of 
jcur prefent charaiur. In familiar fpcech, Tou tvHl be quite another 
man, Johnson. 

' Ifthefirfi man, &c.] The word man has been fupplied by the mo- 
dern editors. I would ratncr read, J/hc^ tbcfirJiyScQ, Tyrwhjtt, 

Man was introduced by Mr. Pope. Malune. 

% > andi like a prophet y 

L ocks in o E^aft^ See MachetB, Adt IV • fc. i. S T s £ v E N s . 


•itiicr now, or by remiiTnefs ncw-concciv'd, 
id fo in progreis to be hatch'dand born^) 
e now CO have no (ucceffive degrees^ 
:t, wher^ they live, to end '. 
[/a^. Yet, (hew fomjc pity. 
3Wf . I Ihew it moft of all,, when I (hew jufHce ; 
• then I pity thofe I do not know ♦, 
ich adirmifs'd offence would after gall ; 
d do him right, that, anfwering one foul wrong, 
es not to ad another, fie fatisHed ; 
IT brother dies to-morrow ; be content. 
fa^. So you muft be the firft, that gives this fentcncc ; 
d be that fuffers : O, it is excellent 
have a giant*s flrength ; but it is tyrannous, 
afe it like a giant. 
.«ri#. That's well faid. 
/m6. Coald great men thunder 
Jove himfeif docs, Jove would ne'er be quiet. 


hjfl alludes to the fopperies of the htri/, much ufcd at that time 
lieau and fortune-tellers to predidl by. War bur ton. 
he herilt which is a kind of chryflal, hath a weak tindlure of red 
« Among other tricks of aftrologers, the difcoTering of pad or fu- 
events was fuppofed to be the confequence of looking into it. See 
>nj*% MtfcellanieSf p. 165, edit. 1721. Reed. 

Bmt, where tbn live, to tfid.] The old copy reads— But, here they 
, to end. Sir 1 nomas Hanmer fubflituted ere for here'^ but nvbtrt 
, I am perTuaded, the author's word. 

he prophecy is not, that future evils Oiould end, ere^ or before, they 
bora ; or, in other words, that there (hould be no more evil in the 
Idi^as Sir T. Hanmer by his alteration fcems to have underftood 

but, that they fhould eaJ whkrk they hegatiy i. e. with the cri- 
al ; who being puni/hed for his tirll o4'ence, covld not proceed by 
efve degrees in wickednefs, nor excite others, by his impunity, to 
. So, in the next fpeech : 

** And do him right, that, anfwering ene foul wrong, 
•• Lives not to adl another.^' 
t i| (Dore likely that a letter ihould have been omitted at the prefs, 
ithat one ihould have been added. 

Tie fame roidake has happened in tie Merchant of yenne, Folio, 
it p* 173. col. 2 :— '* 1)4, ha, here in Genoa.'* —inllcad of— - 
fteref in Genoa ?'* Malone. 

lj>tvf it moji of all, lubem I freuo jufi\ce\ 

/«r then Jj^itj thofe J do not krnnvt\ This wai one of Hxlc*! Qiemo. 
V> ^ rials. 


For every pelting S petty officer. 

Would ule his heaven for thunder; nothing but thunder.— 

Merciful heaven ! 

Thou rather, with thy (harp and fulphiirous bolt, 

Split*ft the unwedgeable and gnarled oak*. 

Than tlie foft myrtle ; — But man, proud man ^ ! 

Drcfc in a little brief authority ; 

Mod ignorant of what he's moft affur'd, 

Kis glaffy cfTence, — like an angry ape, 

Plays fuch fantalHck tricks before hi^h ^eavcn, ' 

As make the angels weep * ; who, with our fpleens. 

Would all themlelves laugh mortal ^. 

Lucio. O, to him, to him, wench: he will relent ; 
He's coming ; I perccive't. 

Prc^j. Pray heaven (he win him ! 

I/ab, We cannot weigh our brother with ourfelf ' : 
Great men may jell with faints : 'tis wit in them ; 
But, in the lefs, foul profanation. 

Lucio, Thou'rt in the right, girl ; more o' that. 


rials. fP^hen J Jin^ myfeJf fivayed to mercy y let me remember^ that there it 
m mtrcy likezvije due to the country, Johnson. 

5 .~~. peiting-"] i.e. paltry. Stezvens. 

^ — gnarled oaky'\ Cnarre is the old Englilh word for a knot in xvooefm 


7 Tlan tie foft myrtle -y^^But man, proud man /] The defective metre 
of this line fiicws that fonie word was accidentally omitted at the prcfs j 
probably fomc additional epithet to man \ perhaps wwiij—- *< but man, 
«;m*, proud man— ." The editor of the fecond folio, to fupply the de- 
fed, reads— but man, Sec. which, like almoft all the other emen- 
dations of that copy, is the woril and the molt improbable that could 
have been chofen. Maloke. 

* Ai make the angeli <iveep '^'\ The notion of angels weeping for the 
finsof m-n is rabbinical. — Ob feccatumjientes angtics inducunt Hebrao" 
rum mag'tftri.^^Groimi ad S. Lucam. Theobalp. 

9 nvboy nvith cur fpleens y 

JFould all ttemjelves Lugb mortal.'] i. c. who, if they were endued 
with the organs ot man, — with our tplecns, would laugh themlelves 
out of immortality J or, as wc fay in con^mon life, lau-h themlelves 
dead. Theobald. 

J he ancients thought that immoderate laugljter was caufcd by the 
bignel's of :hc fplccn. Warturton 

' ^e cannct ivei^h our broiler ivitb ourfelf :] ff^e mortals, proud and 
^DOtifh^ (anaot prevaii oo our pa&on^ to weigh or compare our hr other. 


J/ah, That in the captain's but a cholerick word, 
Wiiich in the foldicr is flat blalphemy. 

Luc'to. Art avisM o' that ? more on't. 

Ang, Why do you put thefe iayings upon mc ? 

I/ab, BecJiufe authority, though it err like others. 
Hath yet a kind of medicine in itfelf. 
That fkins the vice o* the top : Go to your bofom ; 
Knock there ; and afk your heart, what it doth know 
That's like my brother's fault : if it confefs 
A natural guiltinefs, fuch as is his. 
Let it not found a thought upon your tongue 
Againft my brother's life. 

jiftg. She fpeaks, and 'tis 
Such fenfe, that my fenfc breeds with it ».— Fare you well. 

J/ab, Gentle my lord, turn back. 

Jng, I will bethink me : — Come again to-morrow. 

I/ab, Hark, how I'll bribe you : Good, my lord, turn 

Ang. How ! bribe me ? 

I/ah, Ay, with fuch gifts, that heaven Ihall fhare with 

• being of like nature and like frailty, tvitb ourfelf. We have differ- 
ent names and different judgments for the fame faults committed by 
pcrfons of different condition. Johnson. 

The reading of the old copy, ourfelf, which Dr. Warburton changed 
toyourjelff is fupported by a paiiagc in the fifth adl: 

" Jfhe had fo offended, 

" He would have ^veigFd thy brother by bimfelf, 
** And not have cut him offl" Malonk. 
* '-'that my fenje breeds tvii hie*'] That is, new thoughts arc ftirnnj 
In my mind, new conceptions are batckcd in ray Imagination. So we 
fay to hrtod over thouglit. Johnson. 

Sir W. Davenant's alteration favours the fenfe of the old reading 
[hretJif which Mr. Pope changed to bUedi'^ : 
■ ■ She f pea ksfu cb fenfe 

uli ivitb my reafon hrctdsf ucb images 
Ai Jhe ba s exceKently form'd, Steevens. 
I rather think the meaning is, — She delivers her fentimcnts with fuch 
propriety, force, and elegance, that my fenfual defire% are inflamed by 
what fije fays. Senfc has been already ufeJ in this play with the fame 

** one who never feels 

<* The wanton ffijigs and motioni of the fenfe ." M a l n e . 



Lucio, You had marr'd all elfe. 

Ifab. Not with fond (hf kels ^ of the tefted gold V 
Or ftones, whofe rates ^ are either rich, or poor. 
As fancy values them : but with true prayers. 
That ihall be up at heaven, and enter there. 
Ere fun-rife ; pravers from preferved fouls ^, 
From falling maias, whofe minds are dedicate 
To nothing temporal. 

jing. Well : come to me to-morrow. 

Lucio, Go to ; 'tis well ; away. [jifide to Ifabel, 

If ah. Heaven keep your honour fafe 1 

Afjg. Amen : 
For I am that way going to temptation. 
Where prayers crofs 7. [jifi{ie. 


J — -fond Z&'lr/sj Tond means very frequently in our author yeo/f/^. 
It fignifies in this place ntalued or prlxed by foily , Steevens. 

4 — tefledj^0/^>j cuppelled, brought to the /^, re£ned. Johnson. 
Thccuppcll is called by the rtfiners a teft. Vide Harris's Lex. Tech. 

Voce CfcppELL. Sir J. Hawkins. * 

5 %uhoj7 rates—] The old copy has— rjr^. This neccflary emenda- 
tion was made by Mr. Steevens. M alone. 

6 m^prejervcd Joulsj'] i. e. preferved from the corruption of the world« 
The metaphor is taken from fruits preferved in fugar. Warburtoh. 

¥»r I am that way going to temptattorit 

"Where prayers cruft.] Which way Angelo is going to temptation, 
^e begin to perceive; but hovf prayert crojs that way, or crofs each 
other, at that way, more than any other, I do not undcrdand. 

Ifabella prays that his tor.our may be fafe, meaning only to give him 
bis title: his imagination is caught by the word honour: he feels that 
his honour is in danger, and therefore, I believe, anfwers thus : 
/ am that way going to temptation^ 
Which your prayers lyjs, 
Thatisy I am tempted to lofe that honour of which thou implored th<i 
preservation. The temptation under which I labour is that which thou 
haft unknowingly thwarted thy prayer. He ufes the fame mode of 
language a few lines Ijwer. Ifabclla, parting, fays : Save your honour ! 
jLngelu catches the word— 5iir/// from lubjt ? 

From thee\ even from thy 'tit tue! Johnson. 
The beft mctliod of illuilrating this pafl'age ^will be to quote a (imilar 
one from i\\t Me> chant cf I'eni-e, A(X 111. fc. i. 

** Sal, 1 would it might prove the end of his lofTcs * 
** Sda. Let mc fay Amen betimes, lej} the devil croji thy prayer,^* 
Fqz the fame renfon Argclo feems to fay Amen to Ifabclia's prayer i 



Ifah, At what hour to-morrow 
Shall I attend your lordfhip ? 
Ang. At any time 'fore noon, 
Ijab. Save your honour ! 

t Exeunt Lucio, Isabella, and Provoft. 
^ ce; even from thy virtue ! — 

'What's this ? what's this ? Is this her fault, or mine ? 
The tempter, or the tempted, who fins moft ? Ha ! 
Not ihe ; nor doth fhe tempt : but it is I, 
That lying by the violet, in the fun ", 
Do, as the carrion docs, not as the flower. 
Corrupt with virtuous feafon. Can it be. 
That modefty may more betray our fenfe 
Than woman's lightnefs ^ ? Having wafte ground enough^ 
Shall we defire to raze the fahduary, 

but, to make the expreflion clear, we ihould read perhaps— -IV here 
prayers sre crejfed. Tyrwhitt, 

1 believe, the meaning isi— May Heaven grant your prayer ! Majf 
my honour be preferred ! for I find I am going into that way or roai 
of temptation, where prayers only can tiwart the temptation, and pre* 
vent it from overcoming me. 

To croft is ufed in the fame fenfe in T'mon of Atbent : " The devil 
knew not what he did, when he made man politick : he eroffed himfeif 
by k." Again, in the play before us : <* I may make my cafe as Clau- 
dio's, to crofs this in the lead.*' 

Or, perhaps, the fpeakcr means,— I am going into the road of temp- 
tation, into which we daily pray chat we may not be led* Our Lord* 
prayer may have been here in Shakfpeare's thoughts. Malonz* 
* — — — it is /, 
That lying hy tbe ficlet, in the fun ^ &c.] lam not corrupted bf 
h(r, but by my own heart, which excites foul dcfires under the fame 
fccnign influences that exalt her purity, as the carrion grows putrid by 
ihofc beams which increafe the fragrance of the violet. Johnson. 
s — — Can it he, 
That msJefty may more betray our fenfe 

Than vjomans lightneft f ] So, in Promot and Caffandra, 1578 I , 
" I do proteft her modeft wordes hath wrought in mr a maze, 
" Though (he be fairc, fhe is not deackt with garifliibewes for gaze. 
'* Hir bcwtie lures, her lookes cut of)' fond fuits with chail difdain. 
" OGod, I fecie afodainechnn-c, that doth my frccdomcchayne. 
" What didft thou fay ? fie, Prcmos, fie, &:c." Steevens. 
Srnfe has in this paflTage the fame fijrnification as in that above 
** "-that my fenfe breeds with it.'* M a l n e* 



And pitch our evils there ' ? O, fie, fie, fie I 

What doft thou ? or what art thou, An^elo ? 

Doft thou defire her foully^ for thoTc things^ 

That make her good ? O, let her brother live : 

Thieves for their robbery have authority. 

When judges ileal theml'elves. What ? do I love her. 

That I dcfire to hear her fpeak again. 

And feaft upon her eyes ? What is't I dream on ? 

O cunning enemy, tliM, to catch a faint. 

With iaints doft bait thy hook ! Moft dangerous 

Is that temptation, that doth goad us on 

To fin in loving virtue : never could the flrumpet^ 

With all her double vigour, art, and nature. 

Once ftir my temper ; but this virtuous maid 

feubduesjne quite : — Ever, till now. 

When men wjere fond, I fmil'd, and wonder' dhow*. 


ji Room in a Pri/on. 

Enter Duke, habited like a Friar 9 and Provoil. 

Duke* Hail to you, provoft ! fo I think, you are. 
Pro^. I am the provoft : What's your will, good friar? 
Duke. Bound by my cJiarity, and my blefsM order, 

* AndfUcb our evils tbe/ef] So, in K. Henry Villi 
" Nor luild their cWj on the graves of great men.** 

Keither of thcic pa/l'ages appear to contaio a very elegant alluAon* 

Evils t in the prcfcnt inft^mce, undoubtedly (lands t'orforic^» Dr. FiT" 
jDcr afl'ures cfe he has feen the word ulcd in this (cnK by our ancient 
writers i and it appears from Harrington's Met amor pbofn of Ajax^ See* 
that the wereor ginal y To il! contrived, even in roy a! palaces, at 
to deferve the title of tx;i's or nuifanccs. Stexvens. 

One of Sir John Bcrkenhead's qucric* confirms the foregoing obfer* 
vation : 

" y^ helher, ever fincc the Houfe of Commons has been locked up, 
the fj^aker's chair has not been a il.j'i-ftoJ?'^ 

** Whether it 's not feafonable to flop the nofc of my evilf** Two 
CiNTUBixs o- Paul's Church-Yard, 8vo. no date. Malone. 

* JftriPd, a>d ivcrdcr^d hovj.^ As a day mu/t now intervene between 
this con/erer.cft of Ifabella with Angelo, and the next, the aft might 
more proper!) end here j aod here, in my cpimon, it was ended by the 

poet. JOHKSiON. 

5 I come 


I come to vifit the afflidcd fpirits 
Here in the prifon : do me the common right 
To let me fee them ; and to make me know 
The nature of their crimes, that I may minifter 
To them accordingly. 

Pro'u, I would do more than that, if more were needful. 
Enter Juliet. 
Look, here comes one ; a gentlewoman of mine. 
Who falling in the flames of her own youth ', 
Hath blifter'd \i^t report : She is with child 5 
And he that got it, fentenc'd : a young man 
More fit to do another fuck offence. 
Than die for this. 

Duke, When mufl he die ? 

Fr(m, -As I do think, to-morrow.— 
I have provided for you ; ftay a while, [to Juliet* 

And you ihall be conduded. 

Duke. Repent you, fair one, of the fm yon carry ? 

Juliet, I do ; and bear the fliame moft patiently. 

Duke. 1*11 tea^h you how you (hall arraign your con- 
And try your penitence, if it be found, 

3 H^o falling in the flames of her own youth. 

Hath blifter'd ier report ;] The old^ copy has— ^jttm. The cor- 
re^ion was made by Dr. Wjirbnrton. Infupportof this emendation, 
it fhould be remembered, thit flazves (for Co it w?.s anciently fpelled) 
xnd flames difltcr only by a letter that is very frequently miftaken at the 
prels. The fame miftakeis found in Macbeth, Aft II. fc. i. ed'it.]623 ' 
*' — my ftcps, which they may walk,"— inftcad ot^— .which tuay. 
Again, in this ^Xzy oi Meafurefor Mcafure, AftV. fc.i. edit. i6aij 
— " give vfe your hand j" inftead of mr.—- In a former fcene of the 
play before us we meet with—" burning youth.'* Ma lone. 

Sir W. Davenant reads ^jmrj inftcjd of Jla^ui in hi? La*eo againj^. 
Lovers, a phy almoft literally taken from Meafure for Meafitre, and 
Much jiflo about Nothing, Farmer, 

Shakfpcnre \\a% flaming youth in Hamlet, and Greene, in his Never 
too Late, 1616, iays— ** he meafuicd the^^nii of youth by his own 
dead cinders." Blijier^d her report, \% diifgurfd her fcnc, BliJIer (ccm% 
to have reference to the fames mentioned in the preceding line. A Ami- 
kr ofc of this word occurs in Hamlet : 
<< — - takes the role 

•* From the fair forehead of an innocent 1 )vc, 
« And fcts a blifler there.*' St£ev£> s. 



Or holIo'A'Iy pii: on. 

Juliet. VW gladly learn. 

Duke. Love you the man that wrong'd you ? 

Juliet, Yes, as I love the woman that wrong'd him, 

Duke. So then, it feems, your mod ofFencefiil a£t 
Was mutually committed? 

Juliet. Mutually. 

Duke. Then was your fin of heavier kind than his. 

Juliet I do confels it, and repent it, father. 

Duke. 'Tis meet fo daughter : But left you do repent*. 
As that the fin hath brought you to this Ihame, — 
Which forrow is always toward ourfelves, not heaven ; 
Shewing, we would not fpare heaven ^ as we love it. 
But as we ftand in fear, — 

Juliet. I do repent me, as it is an evil ; 
And take the (hamc with joy. 
. Duke. There reft ^. 

Your partner, as I hear, muft die to-morrow. 
And I am going with inftrudlion to him : 
Grace go with you I Benedicite. \Exit. 

Juliet. Muft die to-morrow ! O injurious love ', 
That refpitcs me a life, whofe very comfort 
Is ftill a dying horror ! 

Proi). 'Tis pity of him. [Exeunt. 

4 But lift you do repent,^ is only a kind of negative imperatiTe— • 
Nt te feeninar^'^ind means, repent not on this account. Stelvcns. 

I think that a line at leaft is wanting after the firfl of the Duke*s 
fpeech. It would be prcfumptuous to attempt to replace the words ; but 
the fenfe, I am perfuaded, is eaiily recoverable out of Juliet's anfwer. 
1 fuppofe his advice, in fubftancc, to have been nearly this. Take care, 
ie/ijou repent [not fo much of your fault, as it is an evil,] as that ttt 
^n hath brought you to this jhamt.''* Accordingly, Juliet's anfwer is ex- 
plicit to this point : 

<< I do repent me, as it is an evil, 

*< yiftd take the fiameivifh joy,'' TyrwhitT. 

5 Sbewlngy. %ue vtotild not fpaic keavett^] i.e. fpare to offend heaven. 


* Tkere reft."] Keep you»-fclf in this temper* Johkson. 

7 injurious /ot-e,"] U love, that is injurious in expediting Clau- 
dio's death, and that refpitcs me a life, which is a burthen to me worfe 
than death ! Tollet. 




A Room in Angelo'j Hou/e. 

Enter Angelo, 

tag. When I would pray and think, I think and pray 

fcveral fubjefts ; heaven hath my empty words ; 

lift my invention *, hearing not my tongue, 

:hors on Ifabel '^ : Heaven in my mouth ', 

if I did but only chew his name ; 

i in my heart, the ftrong and fwelling evil 

my conception : The ftate, whereon 1 fludicd, 

ike a good thing, being often read, 

)wn fear'd and tedious * ; yea, my gravity, 

lerein (let no man hear me) I take pride, 

lid I, with boot ^ , change for an idle plume, 

ich the air beats for vain. O place 1 O form ♦ ! 

WhVfl my Invention,] By invention, I believe the poet mean* mb«. 

/ioff. ST£KV£NS. 

>, in our author's 103d Ton net : 
« a face, 

** That overgoes my blunt invention quite," 
gain, in K, Henry Vi 

** O for a mufe of Atc, that would afccnd 

** The brightcft heaven of /nv*nr ion /'* Malovc. 

Anchors on Ijabel,^ We meet with the fame fmgular expre/Iion la 
9ny and Cleopatra : 

« There would he anchor his afped, and die 

<< With looking on his life/* Ma lone. 

Heaven in my mouth,] i. e. Heaven leing in my mouth* Ma lone, 

Gro'wn fear'd and tedious '^^ What we go to with relu^ance may 
lid to be feard* Johnson. 

^ with boot,'] Beet is proAt, advantage, gain. STCEviNt. 

"-^ charge for an idle plume, 

Wbtcb tie air heats tor vain. place ! form ! Sec] There Is, 
lieve, no inilancein Shakfpcare, or any other author, of*'for vain'* 
gufcd for <* in vain." Bcfidcs j has the air or wind Itfs eftedt on a 
tier than on twenty other things > or rather, is not the revcrfc of this 
tiuth? An idle plume ziWxrcdly is not that '* ever-fixed mark,** o£ 
:h our author fpeaks elfewhcrc, *< that looks on tempeils, and is 
:r (haken." The old copy has vair.e, in which way a vane or wca- 
-cock was formerly fpelt. [See Min/htu"s DicT. 16 17, in verh.^^ 
ilfo, in Love's Labour s Loji, Adt JV. fc. i. edit. 1613: ** What 
e f what weathercock ?" j I would therefore read— vjvr.— I vouki 



How often doft thou with thy cafe ^, thy habit. 
Wrench awe from fools, and tie the wifer fouls 
To thy falfe feeming ^ ? Blood, thou ftill ^rt blood ^ : 
Let's write good angel on the devil's horn ^, 
'Tis not the deviPs creft. 


exchange my gravity, fays Angelo, for an idle feather^ which bting 
driven along by the wind, ferves, to the fpe£tator, for a vat^e or wea- 
thercock. So, in The IVinter^s Tale : 

<* I am z feather for each w;W that blows." 
And in the Merchant ofVemce we meet with a kindred thought : 
« I fliould be ftill 
«< Plucking the ^rj/>, to knoiv wtirejits the wind.^^ 
The minion of the article is certainly awkward, but not without 
example. Thus, in K. Lear : 

** Hot queftrifts after him met him atgate,^^ 
Again, in Corlolanut : " Go, fee him out at gates,^ 
Again, in Titus Andron'tcui : ** Afcend, fair queen, Psntbrnt^^ 
Again, in the Winter^ s Tale: *« 'Pray heartily, he he at palace I'^ 
Agziriy in Cymheline : ** Nor tent, to ^orrom, that.** 
The author, however, might have written-* 
an idle plume, 
Which the air beats for vane o* the place.— >0 foniiy 
How often doft /Z)Otf— &c. 
The pronoun thouj referring to only one antecedent, appears to me 
ftrongly to fupport fuch a regulation. M alone. 

5 — ^afCfl ForoutilJe; garb; external (hew. Johnson. 
* fVrencb a%ue from fools, and tie the tv'ifer fouls 

To t by falfe feeming}'] Here Shakfpeare judicioufly diftinguifhes 
the different operations of high place upon different minds. Fools are 
frighted, and wife men are allured. Thofe who cannot judge but by 
the eye, are eafily awed by fplendour ; thofe who coniider men as well 
as conditions, are eaftly perfuaded to love the appearance of virtue dig< 
nified withpower. John son, 

* 7 -^Blocd, tbcu ftill art blood ;] The old copy reads— -Blood, thou 
«rt blood. Mr. Pope, to fupply the fyllable wanting to complete the 
metre, reads — Blood, thou art but blood ! But the word now intro- 
duced appears to me to agree better wiih the context, and therefore more 
likely to have been the author's.— >j?/oo^ isulVd here, as in other places, 
for temperament of body* M a l o n x . 

* Ltt^s write good angel en the devil's horn, 
^Tis not the deviPs cre/i.j i. c. let the moft wicked thing have 
but a virtuous pretence, and it (hall pafs for innocent. War pur ton. 
Jt ihould be remembered that the devil is ufually reprefented with 
hprns and cloven feet. — Dr. Johnfon would read— *Tis^rf the devil's 
creft. He acknowledges, however, that the pafTagemay be underftood, 
according to Dr. Warburtoo's ucplanauon. M O place, how doft thou 



Enter Servant. 
How now, who's there ? 
Sfrv, One Ifabel, a lifter, defires acccfs to you. 
^/tg. Teach her the way. [Exit Serv.] O heavens ! 
Why docs my blood thus muftcr to my heart* ; 
Making both it unable for itfelf, 
And diipofleffing all my other parts 
Of neceflary fitnefs ? 

So play the foolifh throngs with one that fwoons ; 
Come all to help him, and fo flop the air 
By which he (hould revive : and even fo 
The general, fubjedl to a well-wifh'dking*. 
Quit their own part, and in obfequious fondnefs 
Crowd to his prefencc, where their untaught love 

impofe upon the world by/ falfc appearances ! fo much, that if we 
^ritt g9ed angel on the dtvirs boriiy *th not taken any longer to be tbs 
dcvitt crefi. In this fcnfe, Blood thou artf Sec. is an interje£led excia* 
Nation.** The old copy appears to me to require no nlreration. 

' — fo «y heart ;1 Of this fpeech there is no other trace in Fromot 
*^Cijfandra than the following : 

<< Both hope and dreade at once myharte doth tuch.** Stezvins. 

' *the gentraly fubjeSl to a tvell-tvilb^d king,'\ General vrA%, in our au- 

t|>OT'i time, a word for people, fo that the general is the people, or ««/- 

*itu3e,fi,hjeB to zking. So, in Hamlet : ♦< The play plcafcd not the 

mUim : *twas caviare to the j^en^r^a/.'* Johnson. 

The ufe of this phrafe, " the general,'^ for the people, continued fo 
hte as to the time of lord Clarendon : — <* as rather to be confented to, 
^^ thit the general (hould fuftcr." Hift. B.V. p. 530. Svo.Malonb. 
Twice in Hamlet our author ufcsfuhje^ for fuBjeffs : 

«« So nightly toils tYitfubjea of the land." AdJ I. fc. i. 
Agiin, Pi€t I. fc. ii : 

" The lifts and full proportions all arc made 
<* Out of his fubjeSI.*'* Steevens. 
So the duke had before (z(\ I. fcene ii.) exprclTed his diflikeof popular 
ippiaufe : 

" 1*11 privily away. I love the people, 
" But do not like to ftagc me to their eyes, 
" Though it do well, I do not rellfli well 
** Their loud applaufe and avet vehement : 
** Nor do I think the man of fafe difcretion, 
«< That does affeft it.** 
I cannot help thinking that Shakfpeare, in thefe two pafTages, intended 
te flitter that unkirgly weakncfs of James the Firfty which made him fo 
Vol. II. £ imp»tient 


Muft needs appear offence. 

Enter Isabella, 

How now, fair maid ? 

I/ab. I am come to know your pleafure. 

Ang, That you might know it, would much bett^ 
pleafe me. 
Than to demand what 'tis. Your brother cannot live. 

I/ah. Even fo ? — Heaven keep your honour ! [retiring, 

Ang. Yet may he live a while ; and, it may be. 
As long as you, or I : Yet he muft die. 

I/ab, Under your fentence ? 

Jng. Yea. 

I/ab. When, I befeech you? that in his reprieve. 
Longer, or (horter, he may be fo fitted. 
That his foul ficken not. 

Ang, Ha ! Fie, thefe filthy vices ! It were as good 
To pardon him, that hath from nature ftolen 
A man already made *, as to remit 
Their fawcy fweetnefs, that do coin heaven's image 
In ftamps that are forbid * : 'tis all as eafy 


impatient of the crowds that flocked to fee him, efpecially upon bis firil 
coming, that, as fome of our hiftorians fay, he reltraincd them by a 
proclamation. Sir Symonds D*Ewcs, in his Memoirs of his own Life, 
[a Mf. in the Britifh Mufeum,] has a remarkable paflage with regard 
to this humour of James. After taking notice, that the king going to 
parliamcnc, on the 30th of January, i6zo-i, ** fpake lovingly to the 
people, and faid, God blcfs ye, God blcfs yc j" he adds thcle words, 
«♦ contrary to his former hafty and paifionate cultom, which often, in 
his fuddcn diilempcr, would bid a pox or a plague on fuch as flocked to 
fee him." TvRWHiTT. 

- — ^-— that hath from nature Rolen 

Aman alnaJy made,] i.e. that hath killed a man. Malone. 
J "2 heir Jawcy f'weetnejtf that da c .in heavcn'i image 

In ftamps that are foibid :] W« meet with nearly the fame 
wordi in King Edward III. a tra-edy, 1 596, certainly prior lo this play ; 

♦* And will your facred lelf 

** Commit high trcafon 'gainit the kir.g cf leaven , 
** To ft jn7f> his image \r\ forbidden nuial t" 
Thefe lines are fpoken by the countefs of Salifoury, whofe chaflity 
(like I Tabors) was airaiicd by her foveieign. 

Their jawcj j'^wcetnefi Dr. Waiburton interprets, tbtlr jawcj inda/- 



Falfely to take ♦ away a life true made. 
As to put mettle in reftrained means. 
To make a falfe one ^ . , 

Ij'ab, 'Tis fet down fo in heaven, but not in earth ^. 

Ang, Say you fo ? then I ihall poze you quickly. 
Which had you rather. That the moft juft law 
Now took your brother's life ; or, to redeem him ^, 

gtnct cf the appetite. Perhaps it means nearly the fame as what is if- 
icrwards called ficeit uncleannefs. M a l o N K . 

4 Fallcly to take — ] Falfeljiithzfzmz with dljhonejily^ illegally: fo 
falfcy in the next lines, is illegal, illegitimate, Johnson. 
> As to put mettle in reftrained means, 

To make a falfe one^Y Mettle, the reading of the old copy, which 
was changed to metal by Mr. Theobald, (who has been followed by 
the fublcquent editors,) is fupported not only by the general purport of 
the palTage, (in which our author having already illuftratcd the lentiment 
lie has attributed to Angelo by an allufion to coining, would not give the 
fame image a fecond time,) but by a fimilar exprcHion xnTimon : 
** — — thy father, that poor rag, 
" Mud be thy fubje^ j who in fpite put fluff 
** To fomc fhc- beggar, and compounded thee, 
" Poor rogue hereditary." 
Again, in the JVinter^i Tale: 

*< As rank as any flax-wench, that^vfi to, 
" Before her troth-plight." 
The controverted word is found again in the fame fcnfc in Macbeth 
** thy undaunted mettle fliould compofe 

** Nothing but males.'* 
Again, in AT. Ri.bard II : 

<* that bed, that womb, 

** That mettle, that fclf-fame mould tliat fuflilon'd thee, 
" Made him a man." 
Means is here ufed for medium, or o/yV<57, and the fcnfe of the whole 
• is this : • '77i at eafy ivickedly to deprive a man born in tvedlcck of lift, as 
to have unlawful commerce ivitb a maid, in order to give life to an illegi^ 
timate child. The thought is fimply, that murder is as eafy as forni- 
cation j and the inference which Angelo would draw, is, that it is as 
improper to pardon the latter as the former. The words— ro make a falft 
o«r— evidently icfcrring to ///Jr, Aew that the preceding line is to be 
underflood in a natural, and not in a metaphorical, fcnie. Ma lone. 
^ 'Tts fft d;.ivn fcin hea-vcn, but not inearth.^ What you have Aatcd 
is undoubtedly the divine law : murder and fornication arc both forbid 
by the canon of fcripturg -y-^hyit on earth the latter offence is confidered 
as lefs heinous than the former. M alone. 

7 — or, to redeem him,] The old copy has— ^n^ to redeem him—. The 
cmcadacion wak made bv Sir William D'Aveoaot, Malom. 

E 2 Give 


Give up your body to fuch fwcet uncleannefs. 
As (he that he hath ftain'd? 

Ifab. Sir, believe this, 
I had rather give my body than my foul '. 

Ang, I talk not of your foul ; Our compell'd fins 
Stand nvore for number than for accompt y. 

Ifab* How fay you ? 

Ang. Nay, Fll not warrant that ; for I canfpeak 
Againft the thing I fay. Anfwer to this ; — 
J, now the voice of the recorded law. 
Pronounce a fentence on your brother's life : 
Might there not be a charity in fin. 
To fave this brother's life ? 

If ah. Pleafe you to do't, 
I'll take it as a peril to my foul. 
It is no fin at all, but charity. 

Ang. Pleas'd you to do't, at peril of your foul *, 
Were equal poize of fin and charity. 

Ifab, That I do beg his life, if it be fin. 
Heaven, let me bear it ! you granting of my fuit. 
If that be fin, I'll make it my morn prayer 
To have it added to the faults of mine. 
And nothing of your, anfwer *. 


* / had rather give my body /i>tf« iwy/otf/.] Ifabel, I believe, ufcs 
the words, " give my body,** in a different lenfe from that in which 
they had been employed by Angclo. She means, I think, I had rather die, 
than forfeit my eternal happ'mejs by the proftitution of my per/on, Malon e. 

s* Our compeirdfins 

Stand more for number than for accompt.] Adlions to which we 
are compelled, however numerous, arc not imputed to us by heaven at 
crimes. If you cannot fave your brother but by the lofs of your chaftity, 
it is not a voluntary but compelled fm, for which you cannot be ac" 
tountable. Ma lone. 

* Pleas'd you to do't, at peril, fee.'] The reafonlng is thus: Angela 
aflcs whether there might not be a charity in fin tofa-ve this brother^ Ifa- 
bclii anfwcrs, that if Angelo ivill favr him, Jhe ivill Jiake her foul that 
it ivere charity, not fin, Angelo replies, that if Ifabclla would /tfve 
bim at the hazard of her foul, it nvould be not indeed nv fin, but a fin ta 
tvhkb the charity nuould be equivalent. Johnson. 

* jind nothing of your, anfmer,] This paflagc would be dear, I 
think, if it were pointed thus : 

To have it added to the faults of mine. 
And nothing of your^ aofwer. 



Ang. Nay, but hear me : 
Your fenfe purfues not mine : either you arc ignorant. 
Or feem fo, craftily ^ ; and that's not good. 

Ifab, Let me be ignorant *, and in nothing good. 
But gracioufly to know I am no better. 

Ang, Thus wifdom wilhes to appear moft bright. 
When it doth tax itfelf : as thefe black mafks 
Proclaim an enfhield beauty ' ten times louder 


So that the fubftantive anf'wer may be underftood to be joined in con- 
ftrudion with mine as well z% 'tour* The faults of mine anfwer are the 
faults ivh'icb I am t» an/werjor, Tyrwhitt. ' 

j^nd nothing of your anfivfr, means, and make no part of tbofe for 
tvlfhb you Jball be called to anjiuer, Stekvkns. 

3 Orjeemfo, craftily,] Old zo^^^ crafty. Corrcftcd by Sir Wifliam 
D'Avenant. M alone. 

4 Let me be ignoranr,] Me is wanting in the original copy. The 
emendation was made by the editor of the fecond folio, Maloni. 

5 Proclaim an cn(h\e\d beauty--''] An enjhield beauty \^ a Jbielded beaU" 
ty, A beauty CG-vered as 'U'itb ajhield, St£Evens. 

This fliould be written en-JheWd, or in-Jhelfd, as it is in Coriolanusy 
Aa. IV. fc. vi. 

" Thrufts forth his horns again into the world 

" That were in'/heird when Marcius Hood for Rome.'* 

Thefe Afj/5j mufl: mean, I think, the Ma fit of t be audience i how- 
ever improperly a compliment to them is put into the mouth of Angelo, 
As Shakfpearc would hardly have been guilty of fuch an indecorum to 
flatter a common aud'cncc, I think thispaflage affords ground for fuppo- 
fipg that the play was written to be afted at court. Some ftrokcs of par- 
ticular flattery to ihe king 1 have already pointed out j and there are 
feveral other general reflexions, in the character of the duke efpecial- 
ly, which feem calculated for the royal ear. Tyrwhitt. 

1 do not think i'o well of the conjedlure in the latter part of this note^ 
as I did fome years ago; and therefore I fhould wifli to withdraw it* 
Not that I am inclined to adopt the idea of the authorof Remarks, &c. 
p. 20. as I fee no ground for fuppofing that Ifabclla bjd any mafi in ber 
band. My notion at prefent is, that the phrafe thefe black mafii figni- 
fies nothing mor^ than black mafii ; according to an old idiom of our 
language, by which the demonftrative pronoun is put for the prepofitive 
article. See the Glcjfary to Chaucer^ Ed. 1775. v. TbiSf Tbife, Shak- 
fpeare feems to have ufed the fame idiom, not only in the paflage quoted 
by Mr. Stcevens from Rcmeo and Juliet, but alfo in i H, 11^, A€l I. fc. iii. 
■ and, but for thefe vile guns, 

He would himlelf have been a foldier. 

With refpe£t to the former part of this note, though the Remarker 
has told us, that ** erfiield is certainly put by contraction for f«- 
Jkielded, I hays ao pbjedion to leaving my conje^ure in iti place, till 

£ J f«me 


Than beauty could difplay'd. — But mark me ; 
To be received plain, I'll fpeak more grofs : 
Your brother is to die. 

Ifab. So. ' 

Ar.g. And his offence is fo, as it appears 
Accountant to the law upon that pain ^. 
Jfab. True.^ 

Ang, Admit no other way to fave his life, 
(As 1 fubfcribe not that^, nor any other. 
But in the lofs of queltion,^) that you, his fiftcr. 
Finding yourfelf defir'd of fuch a perfon, 
Wliofe credit with the judge, or own great place. 
Could fetch your brother from the manacles 
Of the all -binding law ^ ; and that there were 
No earthly mean to fave him, but that either 
You muft lay down the treafures of your body 
To this fuppos'd, or elfe to let him fuffer * ; 

fome authority is produced for fuch an ufage of tnfhicld or tnfbieldt 

Sir W, D^Avcnant rcaJs^tfi d hlack majk \ but I am afraid 
Tyrwhitt is too well lupportcd in his firft fuppofition, by a paHage a 
banning ci Rcmto and Juliet : 

** Tbrfe happy mj/ks that kifs fair ladies' brows, 

« 'Bc''ackf put us in mind they hide the fair.'* Stiivi 

* '^upoHtbat pa.'in,'] Fain hhcTC for penalty, puftijbmcnt, John: 
7 (jis J fubfcribe not tbat,'} To fubfcribe means, to agree t 


* But in tbe lofs ofquiflhn) — ] This cxpreflion I believe me 
but in idle fuppoftt'iony or ccnverfation tkat tends to mthingf which 
therefore, m oui author's language, becall'd tbe lofs cf quefii'^n^ 
Thus, in Coriolanus, A&, 111. I'c. i : 

*' 1 he vkhich ihall turn you to no other harm, 
" Than fo much lafs of time J*^ 
flueftionf in Shakfpeare, often bears this meaning. So, in his Raj 
Lucrece : 

•• And after fupper long he queftioned 
** Will) modcft Lucrece, &c." Steivens. 
Sl^fftion is ufcd here, as in many other places, for eonverfafion, 

9 O/rbezU binding /dw ;—] The old copy has— all-^a/Ay/ir^. 
emend.)tion is Mr. Theobald's. MALOh £. 

' —or eife to la bim fuff:'\'\ Sir Thomas Hanmer reads u 
grammatically—" or elfe let him fuffer." But our author is 

Jiuently inaccurate in the conOrudlion uf hisfentences. I have th 
{>rt adhered to the old copy. Tcu muft be under the necejfity [to let, i 
mdk be undcrilood* Malonx. 



^t would you do ? 
V^h. As much for my poor brother, as myfelf : 

ml is, Were I under the terms of death. 

The impreffion of keen whips I'd wear as rubies> 

And flrip myfelf to death, as to a bed 

That longing I have been (ick for, ere I'd yield 

% body up to fhame. 
'^ag. Then mull your brother die. 

I/ai. And 'twere the cheaper way : 
Better it were, a brother died at once"*, 
I'han that a filler, by redeeming him> 
Should die for ever. 

^ng. Were not you then as cruel as the fentencc 
That vou have flander'd (o ? 

I/al. Ignomy in ranfom^, and free pardon^ 
>Are of two houfes : lawful mercy 
h nothing kin to foul redemption. 

jt»g. You feem'd of late to make the law a tyrant ; 
And rather prov'd the Hiding of your brother 
A merriment than a vice. 

I/ah, O, pardon me, my lord ; it oft falls out. 
To have what we would have, we fpeak net what we mean : 
1 fomething do excufe the thing I hate, 
-For his advantage that I dearly love. 

Ang, We are all frail. 

I/ak Elfe let my brother die, 
Jf not a feodary, but only he *, 


* — tf hrotbtr died at Mee,'] Pcrhapf we fhould rcacU— ^^or once. 

^ Ignomy in ranfomy'] Ignomy was in our author's time uled for ig' 
tmlny, Sj again, in K, Hc»ry 7^. Part I. 

" Thy ignomy fleCp with thee in thy grave—.** 
SirW, D'Avcnant's alteration of thcfc lines may prove a reafonably 
|ood comment on them ; 

Ignoble ranfom no proportion bears 
To pardon freely given. Malgne. 

♦ //»tf/tf feodary, but only be, &c.] This is fo obfcurc, but the aliu- 
fionfo fine, that it deferves to be explained. A feodary was one that in 
"Ctimcj of valTalage held lands of the chief lord, under the tenure of 
Paying rent and fcrvice, which tenures were zzWcAfcuda amongft the 
Goths. Now, fays Angelo, <* we arc all frail j yes, replies IfabcHaj 
*'*!! mankind were not fecdaries, who owe what they are to this te&urc 
^imbtfUuy, and who fuccced each other by the fame tenure, as well 

£ 4 as 


Owe ', and fucceed by wcaknefs. 

An7. Nay, women are frail too. 

Ifab, Ay, as the glaffes where they view thcmfelvcs ; 
Which are as eafy broke as they make forms. 
Women ! — Help heaven ! men their creation mar 
In profiting by them*^. Nay, call us ten times frail ; 
For we are foft as our complexions are, 
, And credulous to falfe prints ^. 

Ang, I think it well : 
And from this teftimony of your own fex, 
(Since, I fuppofe, we are made to be no ftronger 
Than faults may fliake our frames,) let me be bold ;— 
I do arreft your words ; Be that you are. 
That is, a woman ; if you be more, you're none; 
If you be one, (as you are well exprefs'd 
By all external warrants,) (hew it now. 
By putting on thedeftin'd livery. 

tjab, I have no tongue but one : gentle my lord, 

as my brother, I would give him up." The comparing mankind, lyiflf^ 
under the weight of original fin, to z feodary, who owes Juit and/cr- 
vlci to his lord, is, I th"nk, not ill imagined. Warburton. 
Shakfpeare has the fame allu/ion in Cymbeline : 

«< fcnfelefs baubJe, 

*' Art thou zf€odary for this aft ?'* 
The old copy reads— /i>y wcaknefs. Steevrns. 

The emendation was made by Mr. Rowe. I am by no means fatisfied 
with it. thy is much more likely to have been printed by miftake for 
tbh^ than the word which has been fubftltutcd. Yet/Z^M wcaknefs and 
hy wcaknefs are equally difficult to be underflood. Sir W. D*Avcnant 
omitted the paflage in his Law againfi Lover s^ probably on account of 
Its difficulty. Ma LONE. 

5 Ow^,— ] To (nue is, in this place, to own, to boldy to have pof- 
feffion. Johnson. 

* In profiting hy them.] In imitating them, in taking them for ex- 
amples, Johnson, 

1 rather think the meaning is, — in taking advantage of xhth vfCikncCit 
A French fenfe : fe pr'Jiter, M a l o n e . 
7 For ive are foft as our complexions are, 

jir.d creduicui to falfe prints,] So, in Twelfth Night : 
•* How e.tfy is it for the proper /^j//"/r 
** In ivcmens wax^n Leans to let t\.zir formi I 
** Alas! our fiailty is the caufc, not we j 
** For, fuch as we arc made of, fuch we be." Malonx. 
And creduhui to falje prints, i.e. we take any imprdfioA* War bur. 



^etmc intreat you, fpeak the former language •. 
^nf. Plainly conceive, I love you. 
Ifalf, My brother did love Juliet : 
And you tell me, that he Ihail die for it. 
Jng, He (hall not, Ifabel, if you ?ive me love. 
If(A, I know, your virtue hath a licence in't ', 
^ch feems a little fouler than it is *, 
To pluck on others. 

Ang. Believe me, on mine honour. 
My words exprefs my purpofe. 

I/ab. Ha ! little honour to be much bcliev*d. 
And moft pernicious purpofe ! — Seeming, feeming*!— 
I will proclaim thee, Angelo ; look for't : 
Sign me a prefent pardon for my brother. 
Or, with an out-ftretch'd throat, I'll tell the world 
Aloud, what man thou art. 

Jng, Who will believe thee, Ifabel ? 
My unfoird name, the aufterenefs of my life. 
My vouch againft ' you, and my place i' the Hate, 
Will fo your accufation over-weigh. 
That you (hall ftifle in your own report. 
And fmell of calumny *. I have begun ; 
And now I give my fenfual race the rein : 
Fit thy confent to my (harp appetite ; 

* ^-^ fpeak the former fa/iguage.'] Ifabclla anfwcrs to his circumlocu- 
tory covrtihlpf that flic has but one tongue, fhc docs not underftand thit 
newphra/e, and dcfircshim to Ulk his former language, that is, to talk 
as he talked be fote. Johnson. 

9 / inoxv vour virtue hath a licence i/iV,] Alluding to the I'ccncrt 
I'ven by mindtcrs to their fpies, to go into all fufpe^cd companiesj and 
join in the language of malecontents. War bur ton. 

* fVhicb feems a little fou/er &c.] So, in Promos ami Caffandra : 

** Caf. Renowned lord, you ufe this fpcrch (1 hope) your thrall to trj'C} 
** If orhcrwifc, my brother's life fo dcare 1 will not bye. 
*' Fro, Fair dame, my outward looks my inward thoughts bewray ; 
*' If you miftruft, to fearch my harte, would God you had a kaye/' 


* Seeming, feeming /— ] Hypocrify, hypocrify j counterfeit virtue. 

J Afy vouch agaifffi"] means no more than denial. Johnsun. 

* That y9u fi>all ftifie in your enun retort. 

And fmell of calumny. '\ A metaphor from a lamp or candle extin- 
1^ iHcd in its own greafe. Stxsvkns. 



Lar by all nicety, and prolixious blufhes ', 

That banilh what they lue for ; redeem thy brother 

By yielding up thy body to my will ; 

Or elfe he m uil not only die the death *, 

But thy unkindnefs (hall his death draw oat 

To lingering fufFerance : anfwer me to-morrow, 

Or^ by the affection that now guides me moll, 

I'll prove a tyrant to him : As for you. 

Say what you can, my falfe o'erweighs your troe ^. [Exi\ 

Ifab, To whom fhould 1 complain ? Did I tell this. 
Who would believe me ? O perilous mouths. 
That bear in them one and the felf-fame tongue. 
Either of condemnation or approof ! 
Bidding the law make courtYy to their will ; 
Hooking both right and wrong to the appetite. 
To follow, as it draws ! I'll to my brother : 
Though he hath fallen by prompture * of the blood. 
Yet hath he in him fuch a mind of honour •, 
That had he twenty heads to tender down 
On twenty bloody blocks, he'd yield them up. 
Before his filler (hould her body (loop 
To fuch abhorr'd pollution. 

5 '—'and prolixious blujhesf'] That maiden raodefty, which Uflevf la 
yielding to the v.ifhrs of a lover. Ma lone. 

The word proHxioui is not peculiar to Shaki'peare. It is ufed by Dray- 
ton, and by Nafhc. Steevens. 

6 —''die tbe death,] This fecms to be a folcmn phrafe for death ia« 
Hldled by law. Johnson. 

It is a phrafe taken from fcriDtiire, as is obferved in a note on the 
Miafummtr N gbt^i Dream, S i e f. v r n s. 

The phrafe is a gocJ fbrjfcy as Shallow fays, but I do not conceive it 
to be other of le^al cr fcriptural oi'.g'in, Chaucer ufc« it frequently* 
See Cant. Talcs, \cr. 607. 

*« They were aJadflc nf him, as of the deth,'" ver. 1122. 

«* The dab he felcch rhur^h his hcrte fmite.*' It fecms to have bcca 
©rig'nally amiflilvcn tr.Mi!lati)n of the Frencli /.tf A/orr. Tyrwhitt. 

7 — wy falfr Qcticc -b% your true] /*./> and true are here ufcd as 
fubitantiv.s. M^ fiijebjoJ will outweigh )Our rrK/6. So, in our au- 
thor's 1 i^th Somut : 

" My moft t!uc mird thus makcth mine anfrwr." M alone. 

8 — ftrcmp.ure] S'.g.-r'lion, temptation, inftigation. Johnson.' 

9 —'J'ycb a mind of botour,] This, in Shakfpeare's language, may 
mean, jucb an Lor.ou ruble mind, as hc ulcs clTcwhcxc, mind 0/ Jcve, for 
Uvi$g mind* Stkkvsns. 



Then, Ifabel, live chafte, and, brother, die ; 

More than our brother is our chalUty. 

ril tell him yet of Angelo's requeft. 

And fit his mind to death, for his foul's reft. [£.v//. 


A Room in the Pri/on, 
Jfw/^r Duke, Cl AUDIO, /7»^ Provofl. 

Duke, So, then you hope of pardon from lord Angclo ? 

Claud, The miferable have no other medicine. 
But only hope: 
I have hope to live, and am prepared to die. 

Duke, Be abfolute for death * ; either death, or life. 
Shall thereby be the fweeter. Reafon thus with life,-*- 
If I do lofe thee, I do lofe a thing. 
That none but fools would keep* : a breath thou art, 
(Servile to all the Ikiey influences,) 
That doll this habitation, where thou keep'ft ', 


* Be abfolute for death ;] Be detcrmineJ to die, without any hope of 
life . Horace^ — — — . 

•* ^le hour tvbicb exceeds exjienatton tvill be tvelcome,^ JoMKaoH. 

* That none but fooU loould keep ;] The meaning is, that none but 
fodi ivould wifli to keep life\ or, n(,ne but fools ivould keep it, if choice 

were allowed. Johnson. 

Keep, in this place, J believe, may not fignify preferve, but care fir, 
'• No lengcr for to liven I ne kepe^* fays ^neas, in Cbaucer^s Dido queea 
of Carthage j and elfewhere, •* That I kepe net rchcarfcd be:*' i.t. 
which I care not to have rehcarfed. 

Again, in the Knigbtts Tah^ late edit. ver. 2240 : 

<* I k^pe nought of armes for to yelpe." Steevens. 
Mr, Steevcns's explanation is confirmed by a pa/l'age in theDutcbefs ef 
Malfy, by Webfter, (1623) an author who has frequently imitated 
Shaldpcare, and who perhaps followed him in the prcfent inftancc : 
** Ofwhat Wl fojls make fuch vain keeping ? 
«« Sin their conception, their birth weeping \ 
** Their Ife a general raift of error ; 
«< Their death a hideous ftorm of terror." 
Sec the Gloflary to Mr. Tyrwhitt's edit, of the Canterbury Tales of 
Chaucer, t. kepe, Malone. 

3 That doft tb'u habitation^ where thou keep'fty] The editors have 



Hourly afflidt : merely, thou art death's fool ; 

For him thou labour'ft by thy flight to Ihun, 

And yet run'ft toward him IHU^ : Thou art not noble; 

For all the accommodations that thou bear'ft. 

Are nurs'd by bafenefs ^ : Thou art by no means valiant; 

For thou doft fear the foft and tender fork 

Of a poor worm ^ : Thy beft of reft is fleep 7> 


changed doji to do without neceflity or authority. The conftnidion it 
not, " the flciey influences that do," but, *< a breath thou art, that 
doft" &c. If << ^ervile to all the (kiey influences" be indofed in a parea- 
thefis, all the difficulty will vani/li. Porson. 
4 merely thou art death's fool ; 

¥or him thou lahour^Ji ky rbyjii^ht tojburt, 

jind yet ninfi t<noard him Jiill :"] In thofc old farces called 
MorsliticM, the fod of the piece, in order to (hew the inevitable ap- 
proaches of death, is made to employ all his ftratagems to avoid him ; 
whi«h, as the matter is ordered, bring the fod at every turn into hii 
very jaws. So that the reprefentations of thefe fcenes would afford a 
great deal of good mirth and moral: mixed together. War bur ton. 

It is obfervcd by the editor oi the Sad Sbepherd, 8vo. 1783, p. 154, 
that the initial letter of Stowe's Survey contains a reprefentation of a 
ibuggle between Death and the Fool^ the figures of which were moft 
probably copied from thofe chara^ers, as formerly exhibited on the 
&ige. RxED. 

$ yire fturs'd by bafenefs ;] Dr. Warburton is undoubtedly miflakeii 
infuppoUng that by bafenefs is mc2nt fel/'loie, here aifigned as the mo« 
tive of all human actions. Shakfpcare only meant to obfervc, that a 
minute analyfis of life at once deiiroys that fplendour which dazzles the 
imagination. Whatever grandeur can difplay, or luxury enjoy, is pro- 
cured by bafenefsf by offices of which the mind (brinks from the con- 
templation. All the delicacies of the table may be traced back to the 
fbambles and the dunghill, all magnificence of building was hewn from 
the quarry, and all the pomp of ornament dug from among the damps 
anddarknefs of the mine. Johkson. 

This is a thought which ShakJpeare delights to cxprcfs. So, in jixttMy 
mad Cle fairu : 

** ou*^ dun'yy e^ir'h alike 

" feeds man as bcult." 
Again : 

" Which ficeps, end never palaces more the dung, 
** Tru b ^gar'i, ond Co'jur's,"" Steevxns, 
* — tie ,cf' tir.a terd. r fo' k 

Of 12 poo- ivotm:] JVorm is put for any creeping' thing or/ir- 
/#*/. biiaij"^carc fup^ofcs laikly, but according to the vulgar notion, 



And diat thou oft provok'ft * ; yet grofsly fear'fl 
Tlijr death, which is no more : Thou art not thyfclf^ ; 
for thou exiil'fl on many a thoufand grains 
That ifToe out of dufl : Happy thou art not : 
For what thou hail not, ftill thou flriv'ft to get ; 
And what thou haft, forget'ft : Thou art not certain ; 
For thy complexion fhifts to ftrangc eStc6is ', 
After the moon : If thou art rich, thou art poor ; 
For, like an afs, whofe back with ingots bows, 
Thoa bear'ft thy heavy riches but a journey. 
And death unloads thee : Friend haft thou none ; 
For thine own bowels, which do call thee iire. 
The mereeffufion of thy proper loins, 
Oo curie the gout, fcrpigo *, and the rheum, 

that a (erpent wounds With his tongue, and that his tongue it/orkedm 
He confounds reality and fidlion ; a ferpent^s tongue is foftf but n«t 
forked DOT hurtful. If it could hurt, it could not be foft. jfn the Mid" 
JuwmerNigbt^s Drtam he has the fame notion : 
*' — . fyitb doubler tongue 
** Than thine, f erf ent, never adder ^Mn%.'*'' Johksok. 

Sbakfpeare might have caught this idea from old tapeilries or painf- 
ings, in which the tongues of ferpcnts and dragons always appear barbed 
likethe point of an arrow. Steevens. 

7 I'bjbefi of reft it Jleepy &c.] Evidently from the following paflage 
of Cicero : ** Habes fomnum imagir.em mortiSf eamque quotidte iiiduis^ & 
dabitai fuimfienfas in morte nuUutft cum in e'jui fimulacro -uideat ejfe nuU 
Um ftnCum, But the Epicurean infinuation is, with great judgment, 
omitted in the imitation. Wareurton. 

Here Dr. Warburton might have found a fentiment worthy of hit 
animad version. I cannot without ind gnation find Shakfpcare faying 
thatd^/^fi only fief py lengthening out his exhortation by a fentence 
*hich in the friar js impious, in the reafoncr is fooliih, and in the poet • 
trite and vulgar. Johnson. 

This was an overfight in Shakfpeare ; for in the fecond fcene of the 
^vrth aO, the Provoft fpeaks of the defperate Barnardinc, as one wh« 
ffgards death only as a drunken jleep, Steevens. 

* — tbou oft provok'ft j] i. e. lolicitcft, procured. Maloni. 

^ ^Tbou art net tbyfelf\] Thou art perpetually repaired and renovated 
^y external affiftance J thou fubfiftfll upon foreign matter, and haft no 
P^werof producing or continuing thy own bring. Johnson. 

* -^ftrange effc^s] For effetis read affect ; that is affe^iomy ftfft&nK 
of mind, or difordcrs of body varioully affeSed, So, in Otbeih : *' Tbt 
y«B^aftic1s." Johnson. 

* ^ ft't'goy] The/crptgo is a kind of tetter. Steevens. 



For ending thee no fooner : Thou haft nor youth, nor age 

But, as it were, an after-dinner's flcep. 

Dreaming on both ' : for all thy blefled youth ♦ 

Becomes as aged, and doth beg the alms 

Of palfied eld * ; and when thou art old, and rich. 

Thou haft neither heat, afFedion, limb, nor beauty*. 

To make thy riches pleafant. What's yet in this. 

That bears the name of life ? Yet in this life 

3 -~ Tbcu bap tier you thy rcr age ; 

But J at it ivercy an after-dinner^ s Jlccpf 

Dreaming CH both :^ This is exquihtcly Imagined. When we a 
young, we bufy ourfclvcs in forming fchcracs for fucceeding time, ar" 
mifs the gratifications that arc bffore us; when wc are old, wc amu^ 
thel anguor of age with the recoUedlion of youthful pleafurcs or perfornc 
ances ; fo that our life, of which no part is filled with the bufinefs r 
the prefent time, rcfembles our dreams after dinner, when the events c 
the morning are mingled with the defigns of the evening. Johnson-^ 

4 — fir all thy blefjed youtb 
Becomes as a^ed, and dctb beg tbe alms 

Of palfied eld j and ivben thou art eld and rich. 

Thou baft neither beat, &c.] Shakfpeare declares that man hatp 
^eUber youth ncr age ; for in youtby which is the bappiefi time, or whid 
might be the happieft, he commonly wants means to obtain what hi 
could enjoy j he is dependent on palfied eld : mujl beg alms from thi 
coft'crs of hoary avarice ; and being very niggardly fupplied, becomes a 
ugedy looks, like an old man, on happincfs which is beyond his reach 
And, when be is old and rich, when he has wealth enough for the pur 
chafe of all that formerly excited his dcfircs, he has no longer the pow 
crs of enjoyment J 

— /><« reitber beat, affe^isn, limb, ncr beauty. 

To male his riches pleafar.t, Johnson. 
The fentiment contained in thelc lines, which Dr. Johnfon has ex 
plained with his ufual precifiori, occurs again in the forged letter tha 
Kdmund delivers to his father, as written by Edgar; K. Lear, A6t\ 
Ic. ii. : ** This policy, and reverence of age, makes the world bitter t 
ile heft of cur times ; keeps our fortunes from us till our oldnefs canno 
rrlifli th^m."— Dr. Johnfon would read blaji ed yo\xt\i -, but the word 
above, printed in Italicks, fupport, I think, the reading of the o! 
copy,—** bifj'ed youth," and Ihcw that an) emendation is unnece(l"ar\". 


5 Of palfied e\^ ;1 Eld \s ?CT\trdUy ufed for cld age, decrepitude* It i 

re put for old peovu\ ptrj.,ns <c(,rn out nvith years, Steevens. 

^ Thou kaft nc\'\rr heat^ ajjecii^n, limb, nor Icauty,"] By " heat" ani 

«* aflc£liiir>" the pcct mc n: to exr rcfs <//»/'«;rf, and by *' limb' 
«4 beauty/* ftt cr.gtb. t u v.- ar D s. 



lie hid more thoufand deaths ^ : yet death we fcar^ 
ThsLt makes thefe odds all even. 

Clau^. I humbly thank you. 
To fue to live, I find, I feek to die ; 
And, fceking death, find life : Let it come on. 

Enter Isabella. 
J/a&. What, ho ! Peace here ; grace and good company I 
Prov. Who's there ? come in : the wiQi dclervcs a wel- 
Duie. Dear fir, ere long Til vifit you again. 
Claud. Moft holy fir, I thank you. 
J/aif, My bufinefs is a word or two with Claudio. 
Fro^. And very welcome. Look, fignior, here^s your 

Duke, Provoft, a word with you. 
Pro*v. As many as you plealc. 

Duie. Bring me to hear them fpeak ', where I may be 
Conceal'd. [^Exeunt Duke and Provoft. 

Claud. Now, fifler, what's the comfort ? 
I/ab. Why, 
.As all comforts are ; moft good, moft good, in deed ' : 
XA>rd Angelo, having affairs to heaven. 


7 .^ more tboufanJ deaths ;] The meaning is not only u thrufand 
^i^atbsi but a tb§ujand deaths Icfida what have been mcndnncd. 


* Brirgme to btar them fieak, ivhe'e I m^jy It] The old copy readt t 

Bring thrm to bear me I'ptak, &c. 

The emendation wa« fuggcftcd by Mr. Stccvcns The editor of the 

iccond folio, after the word Ccnceard, has added, — ** Yet hear them." 

But the alterations made in that copy do not deferve the fmailed credit. 

There are undoubted proofs that they were merely arbitrary j and in 

ftneral they are alfo extremely injudicious. Malonz. 

9jis cU (cmfoTti are \ moft go dy moft good, in detd :] If this reading be 
Tight, Ifabcllamuft mean that ihe brings fomcthing better than iccrds 
of comfort, fhe brings an 2{rurance of deeds. This is harfli and con- 
ftrainci, but I know not what better to oHcr. Johnson. 

1 believe in deed, as explained by Dr. Johnfon, is the true reading. S^ 
in Macbeth : 

** We're yet but young in dud,*^ Stxevens. 
1 would point the lines thus : 
djud. Now, fifter, what's the comfort ? 

Ijib* Why, as all comforts arc, moft good. Indeed lord Angelo, &c. 




Intends you for his fwift embaffador. 
Where you (hall be an everlafting leiger : 
Therefore your bed appointment * make with fpeed ; 
To-morrow you fet on. 

Claud, Is there no remedy ? 

I/ab. None, but fuch remedy, as, tofavc a head. 
To cleave a heart in twain. 

Claud, But is there any ? 

Ifab, Yes, brother, you may live ; 
There is a devilifh mercy in the judge. 
If you'll implore it, that will free your life. 
But fetter you till death. 

Claud, Perpetual durance ? 

Ifab, Ay, juft, perpetual durance ; a reflraint. 
Though all the world's vaftidity * you had. 
To a determined fcope '. 

Claud, But in what nature ? 

Ifab, In fuch a one as (you confenting to't) 
Would bark your honour from that trunk you bear. 
And leave you naked. 

Indeed Is the fame as in truth, or truly, the common beginning of^ 
fpccchcs in Shakfpcarc's age. Sec Charles the Firft's Trial. The king 
and BradHiaw fcldom fay any thing without this preface : " Truly, 
Sir—.*' Blackstone, 

' — an everlafting Iciger : 

Therefore your btji appointment—] Leiger is the fame with rc- 
fident. ylppQiKtment ; preparation } aft of fitting, or ftatc of being fit- 
t<ft for any thing. So in old books, vvc have a knight well app&inted\ 
that is, well armed and mounted, or fitted at all points. Johnson. 

The word apfoinimenf, on this occafion, fhould fecm to comprehend 
confeffion, communion, and abfclution. <* Let him {{zys EfcaJi^s) be 
furnifticd with divines, and have all charitable preparation." The king 
in Hcn-.Lt, who W2S cut off prematurely, and without fuch preparation, 
is faid to he d\(-a^f>'iin ted. j4fpointmenty however, may be more fimply 
explained by the following pall'agc in The Antipodes, 1^38 : 

*< your lodging 1^ 

** Is dcQQn\\y at pointed.^'' i.e. prepared, furnifhed. STkEVENS. 

* ThoM^h all tic ti'orlJ's'vaJilJity—''\ The old copy has— vWci^^^* 
Correfted by Mr. Pope. M alone. 

3 — ^ rejhairt^—^ 
To a detern.;r''dfcof'e,'] A confinement of your mind to one painful 
idea ; to ignominy, o\ winch Uic remembrance can neither be luppreHSed 
nor «fca|)cd, J d u n s y n . 



Claud. Let me know the point. 

I/ab. O, I do fear thee, Claudio ; and I qaake» 
Left thou a feverous life (hould'ft entertain. 
And fix or feven winters more refpedl 
Than a perpetual honour. Dar'ft thou die ? 
The fenie of death is moft in appreheniion ; 
And the poor beetle ^^ that we tread upon. 
In corporal fufferance finds a pang as great 
As when a giant dies. 

Claud, Why give you me this fhame ? 
Think you I can a refolution fetch 
From flowery tendernefs ? If I muft die, 
I will encounter darknefs as a bride. 
And hug it in mine arms ^. 

I/ab. There fpake my brother ; there my father's grave 
Did utter forth a voice 1 Yes, thou muft die : 
Thou art too noble to conferve a life 
In bafe appliances. This outward- fainted deputy,— 
Whofc fettled vifaee and deliberate word 
Nips youth i* the head, and follies doth emmew ^, 
As faulcon doth the fowl ^, — is yet a devil ; 
His filth within being caft ', he would appear 

4 ^be poor beetlt, ice,"] The reafoning is, that death h no more fkaM 
every being muft fujfer, though the dread of it it peculiar to man \ or pcr- 
iiaps, that we are inconfiftent with ourfeivcs, when we fo much dread 
that which we carelefly infli^ on other creatures, that feel the pain as 
acutely as we. Johnson. 

5 If I muft die, . • 

1 vfill encounter darknefs as a bride^ 

And bug it in mine arms,] So, in Antony and Cleopatra g 

«' 1 will be 

'^ A bridegroom in my death ; and run into *t, 
'< As to a lover's bed." Ma lone. 

6 -^fellies doth emmew,] Forces follies to lie in cover, without daring 
to fliow themfeives. Johnson.. 

7 As ffnlcon doth the fowl j] In whofe prefence the follies of youth 
ire afraid"to /how themlelves, as the fowl is afraid to flutter while tht 
falcon Covers over it. So, in K» Henry VI, P. Ill : 

" not he that loves him beft, 

« The proudeft he that holds up Lancailer, 

** Dares ftir a xoing, if Warwick (hulces his bells.** 

To enrnevf is a term in falconry. Stzevens. 

^ ^^eing caft,'\ To caft a pond is to empty it of mud. John son. 

Vol. ir. F A pond 


A pond as deep as hell. 

Claud. The princely Angclo ^ ? 

I/a6. O, 'tis the cunning livery of hell. 
The damned*ft body to inveft and cover 
In princely guards ! Doft thou think, Claudio, 
If I would yield him my virginity. 
Thou might'fl be freed ? 

Claud. O heavens ! it cannot be. 

J/a6. Yes, he would give it thee, from this rank of 

So to offend him Hill : This night's the time 
That I (hould do what I abhor to name. 
Or elfe thou dieft to-morrow. » . 

Claud. Thou Ihalt not do't. 

I/alf, O, were it but my life, 
I'd throw it down for your deliverance 
As frankly as a pin *. 

Ciaud. Thanks, dear Ifabef. 

I/ab, Be ready, Claudio, for your death to-morrow. 

Claud, Yes. — Has he affedlions in him. 
That thus can make him bite the law by the nofc. 
When he would force it ? Sure it is no fin ; 
Or of the deadly fcven it is the leafl ', 


9 Tke princely Anie!o f 

—princely guards /] The firft folio has, in both places, prenxhf ' 
from which the other lolios made frimelfy and every editor may 
make what he can. Johnson. 

Princely guards mean no more than the ornaments of royalty, which 
Angelo is (uppofed to afl'umc during the abfence of the duke. Steev. 
yi guard, in old language, meant a welt or border of a garment j 
«« bccaufc (fays Minflicu) h gards and keeps the garment from tear- 
ing." Thefc borders were fometimcs of lace. So, in the M, 9/ Venut : 
« —Give him a livery 
«« More guarded than his fellows.*' MiveoNK. 
' —from this rank offince,'\ I believe means, from the time of my 
committing this offence, you might pcrfift in fmning with fa/ety. 
The advantages you would derive from my having fuch a fecret of bit 
in my keeping would cnfurc you from furtl\er harm on account of the 
famefaulti howc\cr frequently repeated, Steevens. 
A •— tft a pin.'^ So, in Hamlet : 

" I do not fet my life at a pifCt fee." Steevens. 
! Has he aftedions &c»'\ Is beaiiuated by pajfions that impel him /# 
trs/t/greft tbg law, at the very moment that be is enforcing it againfi 

otters f 


Jfah. Which is the leaft ? 

Claud. If it were damnable *, he, being fo wife. 
Why, would he for the momentary trick 
Be pcrdurably fin'd ' ?— O Ifabel I 

Ifab, What fays my brother ? 

Claud, Death is a fearful thing. 

Jfab. And Ihamed life a hateful. 

Claud, Ay, but to die, and go we know not where ; 
To lie in cold obftruftion, and to rot ; 
This fenfible warm motion ^ to become 
A kneaded clod ; and the delighted fpirlt ^ 
To bathe in fiery floods, or to reJide 
In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice ; 
To be imprifon'd in the viewlefs winds. 
And blown with reiUefs violence round about 
The pendant world ; or to be worfe than worft 

^thtr\ f [I /ind, he is. J Surely thttty fince this is fo general a propenfity, 
iince the judge is as criminal as he whom he condemns, \t ix r.ofn^ or 
fit leaft a venial one. So, in the next AO: : 

*< A deflowerM maid, 

" And by an eminent body that enforced 
«« The law againft it.'* 
Force is again ufed for enforce in K, Henry VIJI t 
•* If you will now unite in your complaintSi 
«* And force them with a conllancy.** 
Again, in Corhhnus : 

<* Why force you this ?" M alone* 

4 If it were damnable^ &c.] Shaklpcarc fliows his knowledge of hu- 
man nature in the condudl of Ciaudio. When Jfabella firfl tells him of 
Angdo's propofal, he anfwers, with honcft indignation, agreeably to 
his fettled principles, Tbou jhalt not do t . Bat the love of life being 
permitted to operate, foon furnilhes him with fophiiticrtl arguments j he 
believes it cannot be very dangerous to the foul, fince Angelo, who is fo 
wife, will venture it. Johnson. 

5 Be perdurably^flV ^] Pcrdurably is laftingly. Steevens. 

^ This fenfble 'ivarm motion — ] Motion for crganized bcdy. Maloni. 

7 ^-^deUgbted fpirit'\ i. e, the fpirit accuftomed here to cafe and de- 
lights. This was properly urged as an aggravation to the iharpnefs of 
the torments fpokcn of. Warburton. 

I think with Dr. Warburton, that by the delighted fpirit is meant, 
the foA once accuftonCd to dfl'igbt, which of course muft render the fuf- 
ferings, afterwards defcribed, lef^ tolerable. Thus our author calls 
youth, hlejidt in a former fccne, before he proceeds to Oiew its want! 
and tu inconvcnicDcietf Stkivins. 

Fa Of 


Of thofe, that lawlefs and incertain thoughts ■ 
Imagine howling ! — 'tis too horrible ! 
The wearieft and moft loathed worldly life. 
That age, ach, penury^, and imprifonmcnt 
Can lay on nature, is a paradife 
To what we fear of death '. 

Ifah. Alas ! alas ! 

Claud, Sweet fitter, let me live : 
What fm you do to fave a brother's life. 
Nature difpenfes with the deed fo far. 
That it becomes a virtue. 

Ifab. O you beafl ! 
O faithlefs coward ! O diftioncft wretch ! 

^ ' '^lawUft and incerta'tn thoughts] Conjcfture fent out to wan<i«^ 
Without any certain dlre£Hon, and ranging through til poffibilltiet o^ 
pain. Johnson. 

Old Copy— //>0«£/>r. Corrected by Mr. Theobald. Malone. 

9 ^^benury,] The old copy hz9-^f>erjury, Correded by the editor 
of the fccond /olio. Malone. 

■ To what we f tar of death.] Moft certainly the idea of the <« fpirit 
bathing in fiery noods," or of reAding « in thrilling regions of thick- 
ribbed ice,'* is not original to our poet ; but I am not fure that they 
came from the Platontck hell of Virgil.— The monks alfo had their hot 
and their cold hell ; «« the fyrfte is fyre that ever brenneth, and nerer 
- gyveth lighte,** (ays an old homily : — ** The feconde is pafTying cold, 
that yf a greate hylle of fyre were caft therin, it (hold tome to yce/* 
One of their legends, well remembered in the time of Shakfpeare, giTet 
us a dialogue between a bifliop and a foul tormented in a piece of ice 
which was brought to cure a brennlng beate in his foot.— Another tells 
us of the foul of a monk fattened to a rock, which the winds were to 
blow about for a twelvemonth, and purge of its enormities. Indeed 
this dodrine was before now introduced into poetick fi^ion, as you may 
fee in a poem, « where the lover declareth his pains to exceed far the 
pains of hell,'* among the many mifcellaneous ones fubjoined to the 
works of Surrey : of which you will foon have a beautiful edition ^om 
the able hand of my friend Dr. Percy. Nay, a very learned and in- 
. ^uiiitivc brother-antiquary hath obferved to me, on the authority of 
Blefkenius, that this was the ancient opinion of the inhabitantt of 
Iceland, who were certainly very little read either in the poet or the 
philofopher. Farmer. 

Laxarut, in the Shepherd's Calendar, is reprefented to have feen thefe 
particular modes of punishment in the infernal regions : 

<< Secondly, I have feen in hell a floud frozen as ice, wherein the 
envious men and women were plunged unto the navel, and then fud- 
dalnly came over them a right cold and great wind, that grieved and 
p«ined them right fore, &c.** Stesvens. 



Vilt thou be made a man out of my vice ? 
• h\ not a kind of inceft ^, to take life 

From thine own filler's ihame ? What (hould I think ? 
Heaven fliield, my mother play'd my father fair ! 
^or foch a warped flip of wildemefs ' 
Ne'er iflu'd from his blood. Take my defiance* ; 
t)ic ; pcrifh ! might but my bending down 
llcprieve thee from thy fate, it Ihould pfocecd : 
J'U pray a thoufand prayers for thy deaths 
^0 word to fave thee. 

Clatul, Nay, hear me, Ifabcl. 
I/ab. O iity fie, fie I 
*rhy fin's not accidental, but a trade' : 
Wercy to thee would prove itfelf a bawd : 
*Tis bcft that thou died quickly. [goittg* 

Claud. O hear me, Ifabella. 

Re-enter Duke. 

DiJte. Vouchfafe a word, young filler, but one word. 

I/ah. What is your will ? 

DuAe. Might you difpenfe with your leifure, I would 
liy and by have (ome fjpecch with you : the fatisfadlion I 
^would require is likewife your own benefit. 

Jfab. I have no fupcrfluous leifure ; my ftay muft be 
ilolen out of other aifairs ; but I will attend you a while. 

Duke, [to Claudio afide,'\ Son, I have over-heard what 
hath pall between you and your filler. Angelo had never 
the purpofe to corrupt her ; only he hath made an aflfay of 
Jber virtue, to pradlife his judgment with the difpofition of 

* lit ffit m kind of /ffff^,— ] In Ifabella^s declamation there is Tome- 
thing harfh, and fomeching forced and far- fetched. But her Indign^- 
6on cannot be thought violent, when we coniider her not only as a 
virgin, but as a nun. Johnson. 

3 — tf warped J!ip of wilderncfs] JVilderneft is here ufed for n;i/dneft, 
theftate of being diforderly. The word, in this fenfe, is now obfolete, 
though employed by Milton : 

** The paths, and bowers, doubt not, but our joint hands 
<* Will keep from wildernffs with eafe." Steevins. 

♦ '^tahe wn defiance : ] Defiance is refufal. So, in Romeo and Julitt : 

** I do ^ir/y thy commiferation." Steevins. 
S — 4«/ a trade : j A cuftom ; a practice ; an eftabltflied habit. So 
ve fay of a man much addidled to any thing, te makes a trade cf if. 


F 3 ivatures ; 

natures : fhe, having the truth of honour in her, hatK 
made him that gracious denial, which he is moft glad to 
receive : I am confefTor to Angelo, and I know this to be 
true ; therefore prepare yourfclf to death : Do not fatisfy 
your refolution with hopes that arc fallible * : to-morrow 
you muft die ; go to your knees, and make ready. 

Claud, Let me afk my fifler pardon. I am fb out of 
love with life, that I will fue to be rid of it. 

Duke, Hold you there 7 : Farewell. [£a-// Claud lo. 

Rt 'inter Provoft. 
Provofl, a word with you. 

Prov, What's your will, father ? • 

Duke. That now you are come, you will be gone: 
Leave me a while with the maid ; my mind promifes witk 
my habit, no lofs fhall touch her by my company. ^ 

Prc^', In good time ^, [Exit Provoft. 

Duke, The hand that hath made you fair, hath made 
you good : the goodnels, that is cheap in beauty, makes 
beauty brief in goodnefs ; but grace, being the foul of 
your complexion, fhould keep the body of it ever fair. 
The afTault, that Angelo hath made to you, fortune hath 
conveyed to my underllanding ; and, but that frailty hatk 
examples for his falling, I ihould wonder at Angelo : How 
would you do to content this fubftitute, and to fave your 
brother ? 

I/ab, I am now going to refolve him : I had rather my 
brother die by the law, than my fon fhould be unlawfully 
born. But oh, how much is the good duke deceived in 
Angelo ! If ever he return, and 1 can fpeak to him, I 
will open my lips in vain, or difcover his government. 

Duke, That fhall not be much amifs : Yet, as the mat- 
ter now (lands, he will avoid your accufation ; he made 

6 Do not fatisfy ^'Oi/r rffjufion ivitb hopes that are fallible ;] Do not 
reft with fatisf^dlion on L opes that arc fallible, S t e e v e n s. 

Pcihaps the meaning lb, Do not fatisfy or content youncif with that 
kind of refolution, which acquires llrength f.-um a latent hope that ic 
will not be put t» the teft ; a hope, that in your cafe, if yuu rely upoa 
it, will deceive you. Ma lone. 

7 Hold ycu there ;] Continue in that refolution. Johnson. 

8 In good time.'] i. c, a la bonne beure, (o be it, very well. 




frttl 6f you onlf . Thereibrt faftcA yoat 6a^ on tfy ad^ 
^iiings ; to the love I hiive in doing jgfood, a rtm^dj p¥e*-^ 
ibsts idelf. I do make myfelf bmtvt, that yotf lAay 
3liioil vpri^hteoufly do a poor wronged Is^dy a merited be« 
Jiific ; redeem joor broth^i^ from the angfy law ; do it6 
Hain to yonr own gracious perfon ; and mtich ^leift the 
iiMhit duke, if, peradventu^e, he fhall ev6r return ti 
have hearing of this bufinefs. 

I/kS. Let me hear you fpeak fiifthef : I have (pirit t6 do 
any thing that appears not foul in the truth of my fpiric. 

Dmie. Virtue is bold, and ^oodnefs ntfver fearfuL 
•Have yon not heard fpeak of Mariana the After of Fttdt^ 
Jnck, the ereat fbldier, who mifcarried at fea ? 

I/kL I have heard of the lady, and good i^ords X9ttsl 
^^$nth her name. 

Duke. H€t fhonld this Angelo have mafryM ; was tfffi- 
aneed to her by oath ', and th^ nnptial appointed : between 
^Irich titeeof the contraft, and limit of the folemnity •, 
Jkef brother Frederick was wrcck'd at fea, having in that 
frndCd veflH the dowry of his fifter. But marl^, how 
JktirnW this befef to the poor gentlewoman : there (he loft 
a Bdbft and renowited brother, in his loVe toward her e^i 
jJBoflkhiid and natural ; with him the portion and f!ne# tS 
J^er fortofte, her marriage-dowry; with both, her cote- 
^iitatehnfttahd', this well-fccming Atigelo. 

I/a^. Can thh be fo f Did Angelo fo leave her ? 

DMki. left her in Ker tears, and dry*d hot one of theiil 

iDvith his comfort ; fwallowM his vows whole, ptetending* 

i* heri difijoreries of diAfonour : in few, befto^'d her on 

lier own lamentttiOn^ whkh yet (he wears for his fscke i 

f <^mnd IhniC o/tbe/oiemnitj,'] So, in Kinp John : 
^* Frefcnbes how long the virgin ft ate maJl laft,«« 
<< GiTes GmUi unto holy nuptial ritei." i. e* appointed timet* 


^ ^her tmMsnUjt btpdndtl C^mbhate !t hlfrotted, fiftM ijfttni 

* ^hefiiig^dHtron btr twn Igmentaficn,'] I once diought that we 
ovglK to #etd— b6fto#*d ^ hir heir own lamentation, but the old cop/ 
>>tTbe tSglit: and any chinge, grounded oh unufuat pnrafdology, it ^in^ 
V^, hi Jtheb mM tbnt ^otblHg, we find diction at uncommun I 
*< Impofr «« to «Hiat penmce your infintibii 
' * Ctta lay upon my fin.** 
^'( Beftow*d her 00 h«r owa iaaentation,** la, left her to her forrowt^ 
Vql. U« F 4 Malcfhb. 


and he, a marbk lo her tears » is washed with them> bol 

Ifiii. What a merit were it in death, to take this pooi 
maid from the wcvldl What tormptioii in this life, that ii 
will let this man live !— Bat how ont of this can (he avail I 

Duke. It is a mptore that joa may ea£ly heal : and the 
cure of it not only faves yoor brother, bat keeps you from 
diihonoar in doine it. 

J/ah» Shew me how, good father* 

Duki0 This fore-named maid hath yet in her the con- 
tinaance ofher firft a£Fe&lon; his anjail unkindnefs, that 
in all reafon flioald have quenched her love, hath, like 
an impediment in the current, made it more violent and 
unruly. Go you to Angelo ; anfwer his requiring with a 
plauiible obedience; agree with his demands to the 
point: only refer yourfelf to this advantage '«— firft, that 
your ftay with him may not be long ; that the time may 
nave all fhadow and ulence in it ; and the place anfwei 
to convenience ; this being granted in courfe, now follows 
all. We ihall advife this wronged maid to ftead up youi 
appointment, go in your place ; if the encounter acknow- 
leage itfeif hereafter, it may compel him toherrecom- 
pence ; and here, by this, is your brother faved, jroui 
Aonour untainted, the poor Mariana advantaged, and 
the corrupt deputy fcalea^. The maid will I frame, an<i 
make fit for his attempt. If you think well to carry thii 
as you may, the doublenefs of the benefit defends the de- 
ceit from reproof. What think you of it I 

Ifab. The image of it gives me content already i and, 
I trttft> it will grow to a moil profperous perfe^ion, 
* Duke. It lies much in your holding up : Hafte yot 
fpeedil^ to Angelo; if for this night he intireat you to hii 
bed, give him promife of fatisfadlion. I will prefentl] 

S ^"Oiiiy nftryonrfilff tbh advantsftf'] This it foircely to be rt' 
condltd to my sftabliihtd mode o^ fpcech. We may read, oufy reTerr) 
ywrftffff OT only TthrstXoywT ftlfthtt sdvant age, JoNNiOM. 

4 — r^# cvrruft defty lcaled.J To fcattt a* may be learn*tf from i 
note to CtriJanin, Ad I. fc. i. moft certainly meant, to difordtr^ ti 
di/cMcertf to f tit tejiibt. An army routed it called by HoUinihedy ai 
army fcsfed* The word ibmetime fignifiet to diffmfi or difperfe j ai 
vthsri J ai 1 Aippofc ia the prcfent ioftaacei to fm intp c—f^Jiw 



to St. Luke's ; there, at the moated grange ' refides this 
<lejefted Mariana : At that place call upon me ; and dif- 
patch with Angelo, that it may be quickly. 

Ifah, I thanS: you fortius comfort : Fare you well, good 
6ther. {Exiuntjrverallj. 


Tht Street before the Pri/on. 
hterDvintai a Friar \ tohimEh^ovf, Clown, amfOBcerSk 

Elh, Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but that you 
will needs buy and fell men and women like beads, we 
(hall have all the world drink brown and white baflard ^. 

Duke. O heavens ! what (luiF is here ? 

C/§wm» 'Twas never merry world, fince, of two 
oTaries ', the merrieft was put down, and the worfer al- 
W'd by order of law a furr'd gown to keep him warm ; 
and fiuT'd with fox and lamb-flcins too, to fignify, that 
craft, being ricJier than innocency, Hands for the facing. 

BU, Come your way, fir : — Blefs you, good father 

Daie. And you, good brother father ' : What offence 
hath this man made you, fir ? 


' — rA* mtated grange] A grange is a folitary farm-houfe. So, in 

«« thii it Venice j 

** My houfe ii not a grange,*'' Stieviks. 

A grange^ in its original figniAcacion, meant the farm-honfe o/ a 
Oon^ry (from grana gcrendo), from which it was always at fon.; 
iittie diilance. One of the monks was ufually appointed to inl'pe^t xk\c 
*ccoont^ of the farm. He was called the I'rior of the Grange j— in 
kvkarous' latin, Grangianus. Being placed at a distance fr 'in the mo- 
"^ftcry, and not connedcd with any other buildings, Shakfpeare, witJi 
kii wonted licence, ufes it, both here and in Othello^ in the fcnl";: ot x 
J^itery farm-houfe. M a l o n i • 

* **r/?«n/.] A kind of fwcrt wine, then much in vogue, from ihc 
Itillm, tafi^rJo, War bur ton. 

See a note on i/^>f. 7^. F.I. Adi II. fc. iv. Steivens. 

' ^nce 0/ two ufuriesf Sec] Vfury may le ufeJ by an eafy licence 
fcf the prof ((for s of u fury, Johnson. 

^ ifa^^evyj^eo^ brother father :] In return to Elbow's blunderin* 
>4drt(« of good father friarf i. e. gcod father brothery the duke hu- 
^o^fly G^ hioi, in nis own %le, gud bi other fatter. This wouJi 



Elh, Marry, fir, he hath offended the law ; and, fir^ 
we take him to be a thief too, fir ; for we have foun^ 
upon him, fir, a flrange pick-lock, which we have fjco- 
to the deputy. 

DuU, Fie, firrah ; a bawd, a wicked bawd! 
The evil that thou caufcil to be done, 
TThat is thy means to live : Do thou but think 
What 'tis to cram a maw, or clothe a back. 
Prom fuch a filthy vice : fay to thyfelf, — 
From their abominable and bcattly touches 
I drink, I cat, array myfelf, and live*. 
Canft thou believe thy living is a life. 
So ftinkingly depending ? Go, mend, go, mend« 

Clo<ivn. Indeed, it does fkink in fome fort, fir ; but yet-: 
fir, I would prove — 

Duke. Nay, if the devil have given thee proofs for fin^ 
Thou wilt prove his. Take him to prifon, officer ; 
Corredion and inftrudion mull botli work. 
Ere this rude be aft will profit. 

Elb, He muft before the deputy, fir ; he has given hima 
warning : the deputy cannot abide a whore-mafter : if hcs 
be a whore-monger, and comes before him, he were as- 
good go a mile on his errand. 

Duke. That we were all, as fome would feem to be. 
From our faults, as faults from feeming, (r&& ' ! 


appear ftili clearer in French. D'leu vous benijfey mon pcrc frcrc.^£r 
<voMi aujlfiy mon frerc pere. There is no doubc that o\xv friar is a cor- 
ruption of the French /rer^. Tyrwhitt. 

9 — / eat, array myjeify and live. ] The old copy rcads^I eat avttj 
myfell ■■ H . The emendation was made by Mr. Bifhop. Malonx. 
' Fram our fauitSy a% faulti from fccming, fra !] I read. 
Free from all fjuitty or faults from fcming free] 
that men tvere Kally go'.d, or that their fau/ti %uerc knoivni that mea 
were free from taul:*, cr r'aults from hyfo.nfy. So Ifabella calls An- 
gelo's hypocrify, jecfniigt fcnilvg, Johnson. 
i think we Ihould read with flanmcr : 

Free from all faulti, as from faults fccming free. 
f. c. / iviji) *wi ivere aU as gocd as ive appear to he ; a fentimcnt very 
naturally prompted by his rcricdtion on the behaviour of Angelo. Han- 
.jner hus only tranlj)ok"J a word to produce a convenient fcnfe. St EC v. 
The original copy has not Free at the beginning of the line. It 
was added unnccerurily by ths editor of the (ccond folio, who did not 
4>erceive ths^tour, like axADy words of the fame kind, was ufed by Shak- 



Enter Luc 10. 

Elb, His neck will come to your waift, a cord, fir*. 

Clcnun, I fpy comfort ; I cry, bail : Here's a gentle- 
man, and a friend of mine. 

Lucio, How now, noble Pompey ? What, at the heels 
of Csefar ? Art thou led in triumph ? What, is there 
none of Pigmalion's images, newly made woman ^, to 
be had now, for putting the hand in the pocket and ex- 
tmfting it clutch'd ? What reply ? Ha ? , What fay'ft 
thou to this tune, matter, and method ? Is't not drown'd 
i' the laft rain* ? Ha? What fay 'ft thou, trot * ? Is the 

fptfare as a difTyllable. The reading,— from all faults, which all the mo- 
dern editors have adopted, (I think, improperly,) was firft introduced in 
the fourth folio. Dr. Johnfon's conjectural reading, &r, appears to me 
very probable. The comjv:*fitor might have caught the word ai from the 
preceding line. If as be right, Dr. Warburton's interpretation is perhaps 
the true one. Would we were all as free from faults, as faults arc {ttt 
from, or dcftitutc of, comrlincfs. or feemhg, Malone. 

* His neck tvill come to your ivaifiy a cordl fir,'\ That is, his neck will 
be tied, like your waift, with a rope. The friars of the Fruncifcan order, 
perhaps of all others, wear a hcmponcord for a girdle. Thus Buchanan; 
** Fac gemant fuis, 
** yar'iata terga fun'ihus," Johnson. 

J — Pigmalion's images, neru^'Iy modi ivoman,^ By Pigmalions images f 
retuly made luoman, I believe, Shakfpeare meant no more than-— Have 
you no women now to recommend to your cuilomers, as trefh and un- 
touched as Pigmallonz ftatue was, at the moment when it became flcfli 
and blood ? The pafiage may, however, contain fome allufion to a pam- 
phlet printed in 1598, called — The Mttamorphofis of Pigmalicns Jmjg§^ 
SKd certain Satires. Steevens. 

\{ Murfton s Metamcrphofts of Pigmalion^s Image be alluded to, I be- 
lieve it muft be in the argument.-—** The maide (by the power of Venus) 
was mctamorphofid into a living ivoman,^* Farmer. 

Perhaps the meaning is, — Is there no courtezan, who being new^y 
made Hvoman, u e. lateiy dehaucLcd, ftill retains the appearance of 
chaftity, and looks as cold as a ftatuc, to be hjd) &c. 

The following pafiage in Bfu^t M.ifer Ccrjlahley a comedy, by Mid- 
dletcn, 1602, Iccms to auth )rize thi* interpretation : 

<* Lax. Are all thefe tucmenf 

'< Imp. No, no, they are half men, and half women. 

" Laz» You apprehend too fail. 1 mean by women, wives ; for 
wives -re no maids, nor are maids nvcmcn.*^ 

Afuf'er in Latin had pret.i:'cly the lame meaning. Malone. 

A ff^bat fjy'ft tbou to this tune, matter, and mcbidf lit noe^ 
drown' J r the hft rain ?] It is a comznoa phrafc ufcd in low raillery of 


world as it was, itai ? Which is the way*? Is it iad^ 
and few words ? Or iiow ? I'he trick of it ? 

Dukt, Still thus, and thus ! ilill worfe ! 

Lucio, How doth my dear morfel, thy mifbcfs ? Pro- 
cures Ihe ftill ? Ha ? 

Cioivn, Troth, fir, (he hath eaten up all her beef, and 
(he is herfelf in the tub '. 

Lucio. Why, 'tis good ; it is the right of it ; it mv& 
be fo : Ever your frefti whore, and your powdcr'd bawd : 
An unfhunn'd confequence ; it muft be io : Art goiBg to 
prifon, Pompey? 

Clo'-wn. Yes, faith, fir. 

Lucio. Why 'tis not amifs, Pompey: Farewell: Go; 
fay, I fent thee thither. For debt, Pompey ? Or how* ? 

EI6, For being a bawd, for being a bawd. 

Lucio. Well, then imprifon him : If imprifonment be 
the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right : Bawd is he, 
doubtlefs, and of antiquity too ; bawd-born. Farewell, 
good Pompey : Commend me to the prifon, Pompey : 
You will turn good hufband now, Pompey ; you wiU 
keep the houfc'. 

Clo^iun. I hope, fir, your good worfhip will be my bail. 

a man cre(l-fallen and dejcded, that be looks like a drotvnd puppy, Lu- 
cio, therefure, afks him, whether he was drvwiCd in the lafi rain, tod 
therefore cannot fpeak^ Johnson. 

He rather aflcs him whether his anfiver was not drown'd in the laft 
jain, for Pompey returns no anfiuer to any of his qucftions : Or, per- 
haps, he means to compare Pompey^s milerable appearance to a dri.vind 
mouje. So, in K. Htnry yi. P.I. fc. ii : 

" Or piteous they will look, like drowned yniee, St ei tews. 

s H^jatfay^Jl tbouy trot ?1 Trot, or, as it is now often pronounced, 
honed trouf, is a familiar adarefs to a man among ihc pro\ vulgar. 


* JVkicb h the way f ] fFTyat is tie mode ww f Johnson. 

7 — i/7 tbt tub.'\ The method of cure for venereal complaints it 
groDy called iht powdering tub. Johnson. 

It was fo called from the method of cure. See the notes on the 
tuh-f aft and tht diet f InTim^n, Aft IV, Stfevkns. 

8 JijGs\ Jay, J fent tle^ thitUr, For dtht, Pompey? Or brw fl 
Lucio firlt oft'crs him the ul'e of his name to hide the leeming ignominy 
of his cafe J and then very naturally dclires to be informed of the true 
reafon why he was ordered into confinement. St r evens. 

9 Tou will turn gcod hulband now, Pompey ; ycu will keep tbc houfe»] 
Alluding to the etymology of the word bufiard* Maloni. 


M E A SURE F O R M E \ S U R E. 

Z;<.v2. No, indeed, will 1 r,.)t, Pvvnipjy ; ic i? nor tiie 

^car'. I will pray, Pompey, to increalc your bondage ; 

i^yoa take it not patiently, why, your mettle is the 
aore : Adieu, tmfty Pompey. — Blefs you, friar. 

/)«ir. And you. 

li^n Does Bridget paint ftill, Pompey? Ha? 

iU. Come your ways, fir ; come. 

Clmxm, You will not bail me then, ilr ? 

Lmcic, Then, Pompey, nor now*. — What news abroad, 
fiiar ? What news ? 

Kit. Come your ways, iir, come. 

Lmci9* Go, — to kennel, Pompey, go ' : 

[£j:rir»/ Elbow, Clown, and Officers. 
Wliat news, friar, of the duke ? 

DmJte, I know none : Can vou tell me of any ? 

Lmci§, Some fay, he is with the emperor of Ruffia ; 
Otker fooie, he is in Rome : But where is he, think you ? 

Dtfir. I know not where : But wherefoever, I wiih him 

^Lmd§, It was a mad fantaftical trick of him, to ileal 
from* the ftate, and ufurp the beggary he was never bom 
to. Lord Angelo dukes it well m his abfence ; he puts 
mnfgreffiun to't. 

Duke. He does well in't. 

Luch. A little more lenity to lechery would do no harm 
in him : ibmething too crabbed that way, friar. 

DuAe. It is too general a vice ♦, and i'everity muft cure 

Lucio. Yes, in good footh, the vice is of a great kin- 
dred; it if well ally'd : But it is impoffible to extirp it 
^ite, friar, till eating and drinking be put down. They 

* — */ h net the vuear.] i.e. it is not the fafliion. Steevens. 

* ThtnPompeyy nor now.] The meaning, I think, is, / w;// neitber 
Ual tbet }3titn^ nor now. So again, in this play : 

** More nor lefs to otheri paying.'* Ma lone. 
1 (;«,— f9 J(«irfffl^, Poir^^y,^^:] It fhoulJ be remembered, that 
faifty it the common name of a dog, to which ailufion is made in the 
mtntion of a kennel, Johnson. 

* It i: teo general a i/.v/r,] TVj, rrplifs Luc!0» tbe i/ice is of great 
yiUred; it is vfell a'/y"J, &c. Ai much as t> fay, Ves, truly, it h 
rneral j f.>r thr grcateft men have it as well as w<r little folks. A little 
*wer he taxes the Duke pcffonallv witli it. Euw.^a d$. 



fay, this Angelo was not made by man and woman, after 

the downright way * of creation : Is it true, think you ? 

Duke, How (hould he be made then ? 

Lucio. Some report, a fea-maid fpawn'd him : — Some* 
that he was begot between two ftoclc-fifties : — But it is 
certain, that when he makes water, his urine is congeal'd 
ice ; that I know to be true : And he is a motion ungc- 
neratiye, that's infallible ^, 
• Duke. You are pleafant, fir ; and fpeak apace. 

Lucio, "Wliy, what a ruthlefs thing is this in him, &s 
the rebellion of a cod-piece, to take away the life of a 
man ? Would the duke, that is abfent, have done tliis? 
Ere he would have hang'd a man for the getting a hun- 
dred baftards, he would have paid for the nurfmg a tbou- 
fand : He had fome feeling of the fport ; he knew the 
fervice, and that inflrudied him to mercy. 

Duke, I never heard the abfent duke much deteded 
lor women ^ ; he was not inclined that way. 

Lucio, O, fir, you are deceived. 

Duke. 'Tis not pofDble. 

^ •-^'ifter tlic Jnvnnght ijoay,--^ Old copy— //>/j downright. Cor- 
xeScd by Mr. I'opc. Malone. 

^ — and he is a motion ungcncrativo, thai*t infallibU ] In the former 
editions i~-^And he is a motion generative ; thai't infalhiU, This jnay 
be fenfe ; and Lucio, perhaps, may mean, that ihouKh Angelo hvtt 
the organs of generation, ycc that he makes no more u(e of them, than 
it' he were an inanimate puppet. But I rather think our author wrote, 
•— jf?t/ ht is a motion ungcncrativc, becaufc Lucio again in this very 
fcenc fays,— /i>/i ungenitured agent wi// unpeople the frov'uice %oiib cgH' 
tinency, Theobald. 

A motion generative certainly means a puppet of the mafculine gend r ; 
a thing that appe.irs to have thofc powers ot which it is not lii reality 
poHelied. Stkevens. 

Sec, however, p. 67, note 6. Malone. 

7 — wf/f/) dctc6ted/c,r -wofnen jl This appears fo like the language of 
Dogberry y that at iirft I thought the palVage corrupt, and wlflied to read 
Jujpetled, But perhaps detebitd had ancit-ntly the fame mcaaing. So, 
in an old coUeftion of talcs, entitled, IVas^ Fits, and Fatttiis^ 1595* 
** —An otiiccr whofc daughter was ^^'Ci.7f^ o/'dilhoneftic, and generally 
fo repotted— ". Ihat dctccicd is there ufed for fufptScd, and not in 
the prefent fenfe of the word, appears, I think, from the words that 
foliow— and gent rally fo reportid, which fecm to relate not to a knetoM 
but Jufpe^fed fa<a, M a l n jc • 



Ittch. Who? not the duke? yes, your beggaf of fifty ; 

*-and his ufe was, to put a ducat in her clack-difh * ; the 

dakc had crochets in him ; He would be drunk too j that 

fe me iafbmi you. 
i)«ir. You do him wrong, furely. 
Imcio, Sir, I was an inward of his • : A (hy fellow was 

Ae duke : and, I believe, I know the caufc of his with- 

Duke. What, I pr'ythec, might be the caufe ? 

Lucio, No, — ^pardon ; — *tis a fecret muft be lock'd 
within the teeth and the lips : but this I can let you un- 
dcfftand, — ^The greater file of the fubje^ * held the duke 
to be wife. 

Dmj^e, Wife ? why, no quellion but he was. 

Lucio, A very fuperficial, ignorant, unweighing fisllow. 

Duke, Either this is envy in you, folly, or miflaking; 
the vtry ftream of his life, and the bufincfs he hath hehn-> 
ed *, muft, upon a warranted need, give him a better pro- 
clamation. Let him be but tellimonied in his own bring- 
ings forth, and he Ihall appear, to the envious, a fcho- 
lar, a flatefman, and a fcldier: Therefore, you fpeak 
tm&ilfiilly ; or, if your knowledge be more, it is muck 
4arken'd in your malice. 

Lucio, Sir, I know him, and I love him. 

Duke, Love talks with better knowledge, and know- 
ledge with dearer love '. 

Lucio. Come, fir, 1 know what I know, 

Duke. I can hardly believe that, fince you know not 
what you fpeak. But, if ever the duke return, (as our 
prayers are he may,) let me defirc you to make your an- 
fwcr before him ; U it be honell you have fpoke, you have 

• ••^lack-d'p* :"] The bcsrgars, two or three centuries ago, ufcd to 
F^^laim their want by a wooden-dilli with a moveable covrr, whicli 
t^y clacked, to (hew that their vcflcl was empty. Steevtns 

inward o/*A/i;] /nw^rrf is intimate. Stievens. 
^Tbtp'eaterJiieofthefuhjeB] The larger lif^, the greatcrnumbcr. 
JcHSson. So, in Macbeth : **— die valued f/e."' Stf. kvENS. 

* —tU bvfinefs he tatb telmed,] 'lie d.Jji^ulr.e: be botbf.e^rd tlrougb* 
A metaphor from navigation. Steevens. 
^— wi/i6 dtaicriove.] Old ccfj— tf^wr, Ccrrct^cd by Sir T. Hanmer, 

c courage 


courage to mainuda it : I am bound to call npoii yoa 
and, I pray yoa, your name ? 

Ltuio, Sir, my name is Ludo ; well known to the duke 

DuJte. He fhall know you better, fir, if 1 may live t 
report you. 

Ludo, 1 fear you not. 

DuAe. O, you hope the duke will return no more 
or you imagine me too unhurtful an oppofite *. But, in 
deed, I can do you little harm: you'll forfwear this again 

Lucio, I'll be hang'd firtt : thou art deceived in me 
friar. But no more of this : Canft thou tell, if Claodi 
die to-morrow, or no ? 

DuAe. Why (h©uld he die, fir? 

Ludo, Why ? for filling a bottle with a tnn-diih. 
would, the duke, we talk of, were retum'd again : th 
ungenitur'd agent ' will unpeople the province with coi 
tinency ; fparrows muft not build in his houfe-eves, b 
caufe they are lecherous. The duke yet would have dai 
deeds darkly anfwer'd ; he would never bring them 
light : would he were retum'd ! Marry, this Claudio 
condemn'd for untruffing. Farewell, good friar ; I pr' 
thee, pray for me. The duke, I lay to thee agai 
would eat mutton on Fridays ^, He's now paft it ; yi 
and I fay to thee, he would mouth with a beegar, thou] 
fhe fmelt brown bread and garlick ^ : fay, that I faid 
Farewell. [Ex 

Duke, No might nor grcatnefs in mortality 
Can cenfure Tcape ; back-wounding calumny 
The whiteft virtue ftrikes : What king fo llrong. 
Can tic the gall up in the flanderous tongue ? 
But who comes here? 

4 — j» of'po/ifc'j In old language meant an aJverfary, MaloN 

5 —ungenitur'd agent] This word fcems to be form*d from genit^ 
a word which occurs In Holland's Pliny, torn. ii. p. 321, 500, 5 
tn»l conies from the French gtnitoirei, xhc genitals, Tollet. 

^ — aiutton on FrUays,] A wench was called a /aced mutton, Thu 
So, in Do^or Favftus, 1 604, Lechery fays : ♦* I am one that lovci 
inch of law muttrn better than an ell of Friday ftockfifh." Stk£Vs; 

Sec thettvy C<nt. ofVe^onay p. no, n. 9. Malone. 

'' '—tbcugl pje fnult brown bread and garlick •.! This was the phr; 
ology of our author's time. In the M. IV, affrindfory Mafter Fen 
is faid to ** fme/i'yiinU and May,^* not, "tofniello/, icQ, Mai. 01 



Enter Escalus^ Provoft, Bawd^ i7»</ Officers. 

ifeal. Go, away with her to prlfon. 
^ Bgwd» Good my lord, be good to me ; your honour 
u accounted a merciful man : good my lord. 

EfcaJ. Double and treble admonition, and ilill forfeit 
ifl the fame kind ? This would make mercy fwear, and 
play the tyrant*. 

Prw. A bawd of eleven years continuance, may it 
plekie your honour. 

BatvJ. My lord, this is one Lucio's information a^ainft 
mc : miilrefs Kate Keep-down was with child by him in 
the duke's time, he promifed her marriage ; his child is 
^year and a Quarter old, come Philip and Jacob : I have 
kept it myfeU ; and fee how he goes about to abufe me. 

E/cal, That fellow is a fellow of much licence : — let 
Um be called before us. — Away with her to prifon : Go 
to; no more words. [Exeunt Bawd and Officers.] Provoft, 
my brother Angelo will not be alter'd ; Claudio muil die 
to-morrow : let him be furnifh'd with divines, and have 
all charitable preparation : if my brother wrought by my 
pity, it fhonlci not be fo with him. 

Prov. So pleafe you, this friar hath been with him, and 
advifed him for the entertainment of death. 
Efcal. Good even, good father. 
Duke, Blifs and goodnefs on you I 
E/cai, Of whence are you ? 

Duke. Not of this country, though my chance is now 
To ufe it for my time : I am a brother 
Of eracious order, late come from the fee ', 
In ipecial bufinefs from his holinefs. 

• —arrrgr fwear, mniflay the tyrant,'] I do not much like mercy fivear, 
the old reading ; or mercy Jsvervey Dr. Warburton's corrcftion. Ibc. 
licve it (hould be,— This would make mercy fevere. F a r m k r . 

Thereii furely no need of emendation. We fay n prcfcnt, Such a 
thing h enough to make a farConf^i^ar, i. e. deviate from a proper re- 
fped to decency, and the lan^Ity of his character. 

The idea of /wearing agrees very well with that of a tyrant in our an-. 
Cleat my ftcries. Stxeviki. 

9 —/row thefte,] Th« folio reads, from the fca. Johnsok. 

The emendation, which is undoubtedly right, was made by Mr. Thco* 
Wd. In Hall's Chronicle, fea it often written for fee. M a i on t . 
Vol. II. G Ejlai. 


E/cal. What news abroad i' the world ? 

Duke, Nonc^ bat that there is fo great a fever o 

nefs^ that the diiTolution of it muft cure it : novelty 

in requeft ; and it is as dangerous to be aged in ai 

of courfe, as it is virtuous to be conftant in any 

taking. There is fcarce truth enough alive, to m 

cietics fecure ; but fecurity enough^ to make fclli 

accurs'd : much upon this riddle runs the wifdom 

world. This news is old enough, yet it is ever) 

news. I pray you, fir, of what difpoittion was the 

E/caL One, that, above all other ftrifes, coo 

cfpecially to know himfelf. ^ 

Duke, What pleafure was he given to ? 

E/caL Rather rejoicing to fee another merryj 

merry at any thing which profcfe'd to make him r 

a gentleman of all temperance. But leave we hin 

events^ with a prayer they may prove profperous ; 

me defire to know, how you find Claudio prepared 

made to underfland, that you have lent him viiitati 

Duke, He profeffes to have received no finifter n 

from his judge, but moft willinely humbles himieli 

determination of juftice : yet had he framed to himf 

the inftruftion of his frailty, many deceiving pronr 

life ; which I, bv my good leifure, have difcredi 

him, and now is he refoTved * to die. 

E/caL You have paid the heavens your fundlioi 
the prifoner the very debt of your calling. I hi 
bour'd for the poor gentleman, to the extremeft fl 
my modcfty ; but my brother juftice have I found 
vere, that he hath forced me to tell him, he is inc 

Duke, If his own life anfwer the ftraitnefs of hi 
ceeding, it (hall become him well; wherein if he < 
to fail, he hath fentenced himfelf. 

E/cal, I am going to vifit the prifoner : fare you 
Duke, Peace be with you I [Exeunt Escal. and 
He, who the fword of heaven will bear. 
Should be as holy as feverc ; 

1 ^- refolveci] i. c. fatisficd. Reed. 
A — Z/( ii ia</«^</— j»/?ictf.]Summuro jus^ Auama injuria. Stei 

J J 


Pattern in himfelf to know, 
Grace to ftand, and virtue go^ ; 
More nor leTs to others paying, 
Ihan by felf-offences weighing. 
Shame to him, whofe cruel (Inking 
Kills for faults pf his own liking! 
Twice treble ihame on Angelo, 
To weed my rice, and let his erow^ ! 
O, what may man within him hide, 
Thoagh angel on the outward fide' I 
How may likenefs, made in crimes. 
Mocking, pradife on the times. 
To draw With idle fpiders' ftrings 
Moft pond'rous and fubflantial things^ 1 


9 Pmtitrm m Umfilfu kMtWf 
Gwm€9ffitmi^ «v4i«jrr«f p;l This paflage is very obfcure, nor 
era be cleared without • more lioentieei paraphrtfe than any reader maf 
he willinf to allov. H9 tbst Umts tb§ fwrd of btsvtm fk»uld kt n»t lejs 
Uy tb^mjevtrti pmidb^ akU f difttver h him/elf a fcttern of futb 
ffst* mi ism m^nid tmptMthHf ttptbtr tuithfmh vtriui mt dsret vtnturt 
drmd imf th4 mprld ^akhimt damgn tf fedufiion, SritviMt* 

« PsMrm in himfelf to know,"* ii, to ex|>erieDce in hit own hofom 
Uar^pHM/priadple of adioo, which, inftead of being borrowed or copied 
from others, might ferve as a fmttern to them. Our author, in tb9 
Wmttr*% Tshf Jus again ufed the fame Icind of imagery : 
** BjthtfMttern of mine own thoughts I cut cut 
M Thepvrityofhis/* 
In tht Ce m tdj ^ Brron he ufies an expreflion equally hardy and licen- 
doas— *« And will ha?e no suormty but arf/r^/*;**— which is an ablolute 
citachiefis ; an attorney importing precifely a perfoo appointed to uGt 
ktstntbtr, Malomx* 

4 Te 9€td my wjr#, swdiet bit f raw /] Mj^ does nor, I apprehend re- 
late to the duke in particolar, who had not been guilty of any vice, but 
lo any indefinite pedbo*«*-Tlie meaning fcems to htdi^l'odeftraj by txtif'- 
fifif«(as it is espicfled in another place) a fault that 1 have committed, 
Md to fu0er hu own vices to grow to a rank and luxuriant height.-^ 
Tlie fpealcer, for tlic fake of argument, pots himfelf in the cafe of an 
ifieading perfoo. Malowx* 

S Tifmib angel m tbe outward fid* /] Here we fee what induced our 
ttthor togive the outward- fainted deputythe nameof Angelo.M a lon z « 
^ Uw may likeMtfif wtsd* in eriwui, 
Mockinf , prtA'tft on tbo timiSp 
To drmo noitb isk Jjfiders* Jfrhgt 

Miffomd'rmit Madfibpsmtislibirngtl] The old copy reads— >Aialiiif 

|n^> See whkh readers the paflage ungrammatical, and oniotelh- 

Vol. U. Q% gible. 


Craft againil vice I maft apply : 

With Angelo to-aight Ihall lie 

His old betrothed, out defpis'd ; 

5)0 dilguife (hall, by the difgjiris'd'. 

Pay with falihood falfc cxafting. 

And perfprm an old contradUng. f^Exif* 

(jblp. For the emendation now made the prefenl dlitdr it a&rwerable* 

A line in Macbttb may add Tome fupport to U: 

<' Away, and mtck the tiwu with faiieft (htm,** 

There is no one nnore convinced of the g«ief fl y r tpntfy of adhering 
to old readings. I have ftrenuouily followed the coorfe which wis 
pointed ouc and fuccefsfully purfued by Dr.' Varmer ^nd Mr.Suevens^ 
thac of elucidating and fupporting our author^ geojalne text by iUuftra- 
tions drawn from the writings of hit contemperartea. But ia fome 
cafes alteration is a matter not of choice, but neceffity } and fucelvthe 
prefcnc is one of them. Dr. Warburtop, t» oblihin £mIo r«ife»oi0t|tcd 
the word T* in the tliird line } in whick he waa Mlomwd bp ail t^ fab- 
fe^ueot editors. But omillioa* in my apprehanfion* ia» of iJl fiht aodea 
of emeo4atjon, the mod exceptionable.««-4n<the.paffi^ be^fo «, it if 
clear from the context, that feme wer^ muft have ftood ia oiihcr the 
fisft or fecond of thefe lines* Some yean ago i^ooojediiredthtCt iaAead 
of maJe, we ought to read «v^r, which waa wiibd ia otir Miidior*a time 
ta the fenfe of tQfrocetd, But having finoe. had oectfion to oMffit how 
often the words mock and mske havt been coofomicd in thefi» pUys, i 
SUB now perfuaded that the fingle error in the prefent pafliigt is, the 
word Makiftg.hM^ini been painted ioflsad otMnkingt a WQr4 of which 
our author has made very frequent ufe, and which eiadly luiu the 
context. In this very play we have had makt infteadof m§c1u [See p* ii.J 
In the hand-writing of that time the fmaii c vias mtreiy a Araight liae| 
fo that if it happened to be fubjoUcd and written very dofe to an i^ 
the two letters might eafily be taken for an 4. Ucooe 1 fiuppofe it was^ 
that thefe words have been fo often confounded .««>The aiikwsfrdnelii 
of the expreffion — « Makimi praAico,** ofwhich I have aMt with no 
example, may be likewife urged in fapport of this emendation* 

Liktnefi is here ufed forfiiuious Qvjmmm^ virtue* So, befote r << O 
feemiog, feeming 1 ** The iui(c then of the paflage i s , ■ i H ow may per* 
(bns aHuming the Rhtneft or femblance of virtue, tmkVr tb^ mrt imfitB 
guilty of tbt groj'ejk crimtty impofewtb tbu counoerfeit (tmBitj mfm 
the vfcrld, in order to draw to tbimfeives by the JUmJufi fntenfitm 9k$ 
mufft felid advantages ; i* e* pleafure, honour, reputation, Iec* I 

in Macb Ado abutt Nothing we have a fimilar thought i 
« O, what authority and ihow of truth . 
*< Can cunning fin cover itfelf withall !** Mavoni* 

7 So dijguife JbalJ, by the di/gmii^d,'] So [difgrnife ihall, by aaetat of 
t perfon di/gnijed, return an injurious imtadmm a €»iiaurfni far/on^ 




A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

A Room in Mariana's Houfe. 
Enter Mariana, and a Boy njoho/tngs, 

SOKC. Taii, oh, take thofe lips aivay ', 
That /o fiueetly *were for/worn ; 
An J thofe eyeSf the break of day ^ 

Lights that do miflead tht morn : 
But my kiffes bring again ^ 

bring again. 
Seals of love, butfeaVd in 'vain, 

feaPd in <vain. 

Mdri. Break ofF dnr fon^, and hafle thee <^uick away ; 
Here comes a man of comfort , whofe advice 
Hath often ftill'd my brawling difconicnt.— [Exit Boy. 

Enter Duke, 
lay yoo mercy, fir ; and well could wifh. 


I Ttfl«» oh, tske Sec] This is part of a little fong of Shakfpeare*t 
own writing, confifting of two ftanzas, and fo extremely fweet, that the 
itador won't be difpleaUTcd to have the other* 
HUtf iSp bide theft hillt effnoxvp 

M^hkh tby frozen tefom bears, 
Ob 9fhc/i toft the finks that grow. 

Art oftbofe that April wears. 
But frn fit my poor heart free, 
Bomndlu thofe icy chains by thee, Warburtok. 
Th!i fong is entiie in Beaumont's Bloody Brother, The latter ftanza 
II omitted hj Mariana, as not fuiting a female character. Theobald. 
This feog n found cndre in Shakfpeare's Poems, printed in 1640; 
Wtthatis a book of no authority : Yet I believe that both thefe ftanzai 
were written by our author. Malonx. 
Our poet has introduced one of the fame thoughts in his X42d fonnet : 
** not from thofe lips of thine 

*• That hare prophan'd their fcarlet ornaments, 
" An^featdfalft bonds of love, as oft as mine." S t x x vx KS. 
Apin, in his Feittii and Adonis : 

" Pore lips, fwtet feals in my foft lips imprinted, 
** What bargains may I make, ftill to be fealing ?** Malonx. 
Itoccui dfo in Che old black letter tranilation of Amadis of Gaule, 
, G 3 quartO| 


You had not found me here (o mufical : 

Let me excufe me, and believe me fo, — 

My mirth it much difpleas'd, but pleas'd my woe*. 

Duh, 'Tis good : though mufick oft hath fuch a 
To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. 
I pray you, tell me, hath any body enquired for me here 
to-day ? much upon this time have I promifcd here to 

Man, You have not been inquired after : I have fat 
here all day. 

Enter Isabella. 

Dukf, I do conftantly ^ believe you : — The time is come* 
even now. I Ihall crave your forbearance a little; maybe, 
I will call upon you anon for fome advantage to yourlelf. 

Man'. I am always bound to you. lExif, 

Duke. Very well met, and welcome. 
What is the news from this good deputy ? 

I/a6. He hath a garden circummur'd with brick 4, 
Whofe weltern fide is with a vineyard backM ; 
And to that vineyard is a planched gate'. 
That makes his opening with this bigger key : 
This other doth command a little door. 
Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ; 
There have I made my promife to call on him. 
Upon the heavy middle of the night *. 

quarto, p. 171 : — "rather with kijprs (which are counted thtfeals ot'ove) 
thcychofc to confirm their unanimitic, than otherwife to ofKend a rc- 
(blved patience.** Reed. 

* My mirth it much diJ^Uaid^ hut pleased my wo*.] Though tbt 
, xnufick footh*d my forrows, it bad no tendency to produce light merri- 
ment. Johnson. 

3 — conftantly'-^'] Certainly, without fluftuatlon of mind. JoHNtoN. 

4 — cinummur^d iv'itb h'ii:k,'\ Circummur^d, walled round. Jokkson. 

5 — a planchcd gate^] i. c. a gate made of boards. Pisuche, Fr. 


* There have I &c.] In the old copy the lines (land tbui ; 

There huvc I mttde my prom'ije up^.n the 
Heavy middle of the night i to call upon him. Stiivins. 
' Theprefent regulation was made by Mr. Steevens. Malomji. 



Duh. But (hall you on your knowledge find this way ? 

I/a6. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't ; 
With whifpering and moft guilty diligence* 
In adlion all of precept ^, he did Ihew mc 
The way twice o'er. 

DuJSie* Are there no other tokens 
Between you 'greed, concerning her obfervance ? 

I/a^. No, none, but only a repair i' the dark ; 
And that I have poffefs'd him ', my moft ftay 
Can be but brief: for I have made him know, 
I have a fervant comes with me along. 
That ftays upon me * ; whofc perfuafion is, 
I come about my brother. 

Duie, 'Tis well borne up. 
I have, not yet made known to Mariana 
A word of this : — What, ho ! within ! come forth ! 

Re-enter Mariana. 

I pray you, be acquainted with this maid; 
Sht comes to do you good* 

J/aif. I do defire the like. 

JbuAe. Do you perfuade yourfelf that I refped you ? 

Man. Good friar, I know you do ; and have found it. 

Duke, Take then this vour companion by the hand. 
Who hath a ftory ready for your ear : 
i (hall attend your leifure ; but make hade ; 
The vaporous night approaches. 

Mart. Will't pleafe you walk aiide? 

[Exeunt Mari. andlsAB,, 

Duke, O place and greatnefs, millions of falfe eyes * 

^ 7 JnaSkn allof frteept,"] L e. (hewing the feveral turnings of the 
ivay with his hand : which zOiion contained To many precepts, being 
given for my dire^ion. Wakbukton* 

I rather think we (hould read, Jn precept all of aSieny that is, In dp>- 
rt3iongt'ven not by words ^ but by mmte Jignt, Johnson. 

' — / ba^e pcffeft^d ^ym,] I have made him clearly and ftrongly 
Comprehend. Johnson. 

9 That ftiys upon me ;] So, in Macbeth : 

<< Worthy Macbem, wc/^^ i«jpo»your IcIfure." Stcevins. 

I m^faljetyei\ That is. Eyes in£dious and iraiteroui. Johnson. 

G 4 Arc 


Are ftuck upon thee ! volumes of report 

Run with thefe falfe and moft contrarious qucfb * 

Upon thy doings ! thoufand 'fcapcs of wit 

Make thee the father of their idle dream, ' 

And rack thee in their fancies ! — Welcome ! How agreed ^ 

Re-enter Mariana axr^ Isabella. 

I/ah. She'll take the cnterprizc upon her, father. 
If you advife it. 

Duke, It is not my confent. 
But my intreaty too. 

I/ah, Little have you to fay. 
When you depart from him, but, foft and low, 
Rememher no<w my hrother. 

Mart, Fear me not. 

Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all : 
He is your hu(band on a pre-contraft : 
To bring you thus together, 'tis no fin ; 
Sith that the juftice of your title to him 
Doth flourifh the deceit '. Come, let us go ; 
Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's to fow ♦. [Exeunt. 

* — tbefe falfe and moft contrarious quefttl Lying and contradidory 
meflengers. Anonymous. 
So, in Othello : 

" The fcnatc has fcnt out three feveral quefttC^ Stx evens. 

3 Doth flourifh the deceit.^ Flourijh is ornament im geMcrai* So, itt 
another play of Shakfpeare : 

" — empty trunks o^er-fourUb^d hy the devil." Steetbni. 

4 m^fcr yet cur tithe's to fow,] Mr. Theobald reads tUtb^ which 
Dr. Farmer cbferves is provincially ufed for land tiird, prepared 
Tor fowing } and Mr. Steevens has ilicwn, that to fow tilth was a 
phrafe once in ufe. This conjcAure appears to me extremely probable. 
It mud Kowevcr be cont'clTcd that our author has already ufed the word 
tilth in this play, in its common acceptation, for tillage i which would 
not fuit here : 

" — — fo, her plenteous womb 
«< ExpicfTeth his full tilth and hulbandry." Malonb. 
I believe rythe is right, and that the exprcflion is proverbial, in which 
tytbe is taken, by an cafy metonymy, for tarveft. Johnson. 




A Room in the Pri/on, 
Enter Provoft and Clown. 

Prov, Come hither, firrah : Can you cot ofF a man'i • 
head ? 

Cloivn, If the man be a bachelor, fir, lean: but if he 
be a marry 'd man, he is his wife's head, and I can never 
cut off a woman's head. 

Prov, Come, fir, leave me your fnatches, and yield 
me a direct anfw^. To-morrow momins; are to die 
Claudio and Barnardine : here is in our prifon a common 
executioner, who in his office lacks a helper : if you will 
take it on you to affift him, it fhall redeem you fix)m your 
g^'ies ; if not, you Ihall have your full time of impnfon- 
ment, and your deliverance with an unpity'd whipping 5 
for you have been a notorious bawd. 

Clown, Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out 
of mind ; but yet I will be content to be a lawful hang- 
man. I would be glad to receive fome inftrudion from 
my fellow partner. 

Prov. What ho, Abhorfon! Where's Abhorfon, there? 

Enter Abhorsoiv. 

Ahbor, Do you call, fir ? 
' Pron;, Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to-morrow 
in your execution : If you think it meet, compound widi 
him by the year, and let him abide here with you ; if 
not, ofe him for the prefent, and difmiis him : He can- 
not plead his eftimation with you ; he hath been a bawd* 

Abhor, A bawd, fir? Fie upon him, he will difcrcdit 
our myfterv. 

Pro*v. Go to, fir ; you weigh equally ; a feather will 
turn the fcale. \^^^*' 

Clown. Pray, fir, by your good favour, (for, iurely, 
fir, a good favour ' you have, but that you have a hang- 
ing look,) do you call, fir, your occupation a myftery ? 

5 <mm a good favour'] FtfvMr is countenance* Stxxvxmi* 



Ahhrtr. Ay, fir ; a myfter}'. 

Cloijun, Painting, fir, I have heard fajr, is a myftery ; 
and your whores, fir, being members of my occupation, 
ufmg painting, do prove my occupation a myflery : but 
what myllery there Ihould be in hanging, if I fhould be 
hang'd, I cannot imagine. 

Jbhcr, Sir, it is a myflery. 

Cloivn. Proof. 

Jhbor. Every true man's apparel fits your thief*: If it 

6 E'very true man's of parel fits your tbuf,"] So, in Promos mnd Caj" 
Jandray 1578, the Hangman fays : 

<* Here is nync and twenty futes of apparell for my fliarc.*' 


A true man, in the language of our author's time, meant an bmielt 
mju, and was generally oppofcU to a thief. Our jurymen are to thiidaf 
called ** good men and true.'' The following words—** If it be too 
little, &c." are given in the old copy to xhcCJotvn: the train of the 
argument fliews dccifivcly that they belong to Abhorfon. The prefent 
arrangement, which is clearly right, was fuggeiled by Mr. Theobald* 


The fenfe of this fpcech is this : Every true man*s apparel, which 
the thief robs him of, fits the thief j becaufc, if it be too little for the 
thief, the true man thinks it big enough j i.e. a purchafe too good for 
him. So that this fits the thief in the opinion of the true man. But 
if it be too big for the thief, yet the thief thinks it little enough i 
i.e. of value little enough. So that this fits the thief in his own opi- 
nion. The pleafantry of the joke confifts in the equivocal fenfe ofhig 
gnougb, and little enjugb, Warburton. 

There is iliil a further equivcx^ue. The true man*s ^fparel^ wbich 
way loever it be taken, Jitting the thief, the fpeaker cqnnden htm as a 
ftter cf apparely i. c. a tailor. 

This, it muft be acknowledged, on the firft view, feems only t* 
prove the thief "^ trade, not the bangnan't, a myftery 5 which latter wat 
the thing to be proved j but the argument is brought home to the hang* 
man alio, by the following ftate of it. ** If (fays Mr. Heath) Dr. War- 
burton had attended to the argument by which the bawd proves his own 
profeffion to be a myltery, he would not have been driven to the ground- 
i*fs fuppofition, < that part of the dialogue had been loft or dropped.* 
The argument of the hangman is cxadlly fimilar to that of the bawd. 
As the latter puts in his cla'*m to the whores, as members of his occu* 
sation, and, in virtue of their painting, would enroll his own fraternity 
in the myftc^y of painters j 10 the former equally lays claim to the thieves 
as numbers of his occupation, and in tleir right endeavours to rank 
his brethren, the hangmen, under the myflery of fitten of aj^/aref, or 
tailors.'' Malokx. 



•c too little for your thief, your true man thinks it big 
nottgh ; if it be too big for your thief, your thief thinks 
t little enough : fo every true man's apparel fits your 

Re-enter Provoft. 

Prou, Arc you agreed ? 

CIciv/j. Sir, I will ferve him ; for I do find, your 
langman is a more penitent trade than your bawd ; he 
loth oftr*er alk forgivcnefs ^. 

Pro^j. You, firrah, provide your block and your axe, 
o- morrow four o'clock. 

Jbhor, Come on, bawd ; I will inilruft thee in my 
rade ; follow. 

Clon,vn, I do defire to learn, fir ; and, I hope, if you 
lave occafion to ufe me for your own turn, you fhall find 
ne yare * : for, truly fir, for your kindnefs, I o\Vc you a 
rood turn '. 

Pro'V, Call hither Bamardinc and Claudio : 

[Exeunt Clown and Abhorsok 
The one has my pity ; not a jot the other, 
3eing a murtherer, though he were my brother. 

Enter Claudio. 
Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, fi)r thy death : 
Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow 
rhou mufl be made immortal. Where's Barnardinef 

C/fl«y. As faft lock'd up in fle'ep, as guiltlefs labour 
P^cn it lies ftarkly * in the trivefler's bones : 
He will not wake. 

Pron/. Who can do good on him ? 

^ —> sjkftrgiventjs,'] So, in jti Ypu Like It : 

«< The common executioner, 

** -Whofe heart the accuftom'd fight of death makes hardf 

" Falls not the axe upon the humbled neck, 

" But firft ^^t f tfri/efl."* Stsivcns. 
s M—jr^rrf :] i. e. handy. Stxivxns. 

t a gc»d turn.'\ i. e. a turn oft' the ladder. He quibbles on the phrafe 
iccording to its common acceptation* Farmer. 
s m^Jhrkfy] Stiffly* Thelc two lioef tftbrd a ?ery pleafmg image. 




Well, go, prepare yourfelf. But hark, what noifc ? 

\^Knocking *witbitt. 
Heaven give your fpirxts comfort! — [Exit Claudio.] 

By and by : — 
I hope it is feme pardon, or reprieve. 
For the moft gentle Claudio. — Welcome, father. 

Enter Duke. 

Duke. The bed and wholefomeft fpirits of the night 
Envellop you, good Proved ! Who call'd here of late? 

Pro^, None, fince the curfew rung ? 

Duke. Not Ifabel ? 

Pro<v, No. 

Duke. They will then *, cre't be long. 

Pro'u. What comfort is for Claudio ? 

Duke. There's fome in hope. 

Prov. It is a bitter deputy. 

Duke. Not fo, not fo ; his life is parallel'd 
Even with the (Iroke ^ and line of his great jufticc ; 
He doth with holy abftinence fubdue 
That in himfelf, which he fpurs on his power 
To qualify '^ in others : were he meal'd ^ 
With that which he correds, then were he tyrannous ; 
But this being fo *, he's juft. — Now are they come.— 

[Knocking ivithin. Provoft gois out* 
This is a gentle provoft ; Seldom, when 
The fteeled gaoler is the friend of men. — 
How now? What noifc? That fpirit's poffefs'd with hafte, 

» They loill then A Perhaps, )j&tf will then. Sir J. Hawkins. 

3 Even %u'ub tbejfrcke^^] Stroke it here put for thtftnke of a pen or 
a line. Johnson. 

4 «_7o fuaiify] To temper, to moderate $ at we fay, wine k fua^U 
with witcr. Johnson. 

5 .f^were temcard'\ Were he fprinkled ; were l)e defiled. A figvze 
of the fame kind our author ufes in Mschetb: 

" Tbt blood bolterM Bmnquo.^ Johnson. 
Mea ed is mingled, compounded ; from the French me/Ur* 

* But tbts being fof-^'] The tenor of the argument feems to le- 
quire— But this not being fo Perhaps, however, the author ineaot 

only to fay.*>But^ his life being paralleled, &c. he'sjuil. Malonx. 



That wounds the onfiiHng poflem ^ with thefe flrokes. 
Provoft returns, /peaking to one at the door* 

Prov. There he muft ftay, until the officer 
Arife to let him in ; he is call'd up. 

Duke» Have you no countermand for Claudio yet. 
But he muft die to-morrow ? 

Prov, None, fir, none. 

Duke, As near the dawning, Provoft, as it is. 
You fhall hear more ere morning. 

Pro^, Happily, 
You Something know ; yet, I believe, there comes 
No countermand ; no fuch example have we : 
Beiides, upon the very fiege of jufticc *, 
Lord Ajigelo hath to the publick ear 
Profefs'd the contrary. 

Enter a Meflengcr. 
Duke, This is his lordfhip's man •. 
jP/w. And here comes Claudio's pardon ■. 


^ 7bM wounds tbe Mn&&in%p9pern'\ Unfijiirg may fignify « never at 
reft,** always opening. Blackstone. 

Mr, Rowe feadt— vnr^i'ff^ ; SirT. Hanmcr— tfiir^m|r. Ma lone. 
• — ^ege o/'Jv/f iVr,] I.e. /<•«/ of jufticc. Siege, Yu Sti evens. 
9 *rbU h bit lordihift maw,'] The old copy has— his lortTt man. 
Corre^^ by Mr. Pope. In the Mf. plays of our author*s time they 
often wrote L0. for Lord, and Lord, for Lordfhip ; and thcfe contra£^ioni 
were fometimea improperly followed in the printed copies. Malone. 
■ Enter a Meflengcr. 

Duke. Tbis is bis lordjhip^s man, 

Prov. Andbtrt comes ClaudWs pardon.] The Provoft has juft de- 
clared a fixed opinion that the execution will not be countermanded, 
and yet, upon the firft appearance of the Meftenger, he immediately 
^tSkA that his errand it to bring Claudio*s pardon. It is evident, I 
think, that the names of the fpeakers are mifplaced. If we fuppofe the 
Provoft to fay : 

tbis is bis lordJhip*s many 
it is very natural for the Duke to fubjoin. 

And bert comes Claudio^s pardon. 
The Duke might believe, upon very reafonahle grounds, that Angelo 
had now fent the pardon. It appears that he did fo, from what he 
iays to himfelf, while the Provoft is reading the letter : 

Tbis is his pardon ; purchased by fuch (m^»m Tyiwhitt. 



Meff. My lord hath fent you this note ; and by me thil 
further charge, that you fwerve not from the fmalleft ar- 
tide of it, neither in time, niatter, or other ciraun- 
Aance. Good morrow ; for, as I take it, it is almoft day. 

Fr(yv, I (hall obey him. {Exit MeiTenger. 

Duke, This is his pardon ; purchas'd by fuch fin, \^4/id9^ 
For which the pardoner himfelf is in : 
Hence hath offence his quick celerity. 
When it is borne in high authority : 
When vice makes mercy, mercy's fo extended* 
That for the fault's love, is the offender friended,-— 
Now, fir, what news ? 

Pro<v. I told you : Lord Angelo, be-like, thinking mc 
remifs in mine office, awakens roe with this unwonted pot- 
ting on : methinks, flrangely ; for he hath not ufcd il 

Duke, Pray you, let's hear. 

Fro'v, [reads.] IVhatfoever you may hear to the contrary^ 
let Claudio be executed by four of the clock ; andy in tbi 
after noon y Barnardine : for my better fati sf action y let mi 
ha've C /audioes head fent me by fie. Let this be duly per- 
formed ; <vjith a thought , that tnore depends on it than <wi 
mufi yet deliver* Thus fail not to do your ofice^ as you *wil 
aiiffwer it at your peril. 
What fay you to this, fir ? 

Duke, What is that Barnardine, who is to be executec 
in the afternoon ? 

Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nurfed up anc 
bred : one that is a prifoner nine years old *. 

Duke, How came it, that the abfent duke had not ci- 
ther deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed him ? J 
have heard, it was ever his manner to do fo. 

Prcv, His friends ftill wrought reprieves for him 

When, immediately after the Duke had hinted his expefiation of ; 
pardon, the Hrovoft fees the Mcfl'cnger, he fuppofes the Duke to havi 
inoivn fjmrtbingf anJ changes his mind. Either reading may fervt 
equally well. Johnson. 

1 — c«r fha: is j priforrer nlneytars old.]i. c. That has been coafinei 
thcfe nine years. So, in Hamlet : <* Ere wc were two days oid at lea 
a pirate of very warlike preparation, &c,*' Ma.* ;K£. 



Andy, indeed, his fad, till now in tke ^verAxnent of 
lord AngclOy came not to an undoubtful proof, 

Puk€. Is it now apparent ? 

Pro*u. Mod manifefty and not deny'd by hinfelf. 

Duki. Hath he borne himfelf penitently in prifon ? 
How feens he to be touch'd ? 

Prov, A <BAA that apprehends death no more dread- 
fully » but as a drunken deep ; carelefs, recklefs, and 
fearlefs of what's pail, prefent, or to come; infeniible of 
mortality, and defpcrately mortal'. 

IXuke. He wants advice. 

Pr9if. He will hear none: he hath evermore had the 
liberty of the prifon ; give him leave to efcape hence* he 
would not : drank many times a day, if not many days 
entirely drunk. We have \cry oft awaked him, as if 
to carry him to execution, and fhew'd him a feeming 
warrant for it : it hath not moved him at all. 

Duk€, More of him anon. There is written in your 
brow, Provoil, honefty and conftancy : if 1 read it not 
truly, my ancient (kill beguiles me; but in the boldneft 
of my cunning, I will lay myfelf in hazard. Claudio, 
whom here you have warrant to execute, is no greater 
forfeit to the law than Angelo who hath fentenced him : 
To make vdu underftand this in a manifefted effect, I 
crave but four days refpite ; for the which you are to do 
jne both a prefent and a dangerous courtefy. 

Prov. Pray, fir, in what \ 

Ditke. In the delaying death. 

Pro*u. Alack ! how may I do it ? Having the hoar 
limitted; and an exprefs command, under penalty, to 
deliver his head in the view of Angelo? I mav make 
my cafe as Claudio's, to crofs this in the fmalleft. 

Duke* %Y the vow of mine order, I warrant you, if 

3 ^^defperately wwtaKi This expredion is obfcure. I am inclined to 
bdieve, that dtf^eranly mortal meant defpirately mifcbltvout. Or defpt^ 
rttelx mortal may mean a man likety to die in a ^rj(j»rrffrf ftate, witnout 
reflei6tion or repentance* Jon n Ion • 

The word is oAen ufed by Shakfpeare in the fenfe iirft affixed to it 
hy Dr. Johnfon, which I believe to be the true one. So, in QtbdU i 
«* And yoQi ye wfrtid engines,** Arc. Malon c. 

Vol. II. G % my 


my infbaftions may be your guide. Let this Barnardine 
be this morning executed> and his head borne to Angek>. 

Pro'v. Angelo hath feen them both> and will difcover 
the favour*. 

Duke. O, death's agreatdifeuifer : and yon may add to 
it. Shave the head, and tie chel>eard ' ; aqd fay, it was the 
deiire of the penitent to be fo bared ^ before his death : 
You know, the courfe is common '', If any thing fall to 
you upon this, more than thanks and good fertune, by the 
faint whom I profefs, I will plead againft it with my life. 

Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is againft my oath. 

Duke. Were you fworn to the duke, or to the deputy ? 

Pro*v, To him, and to his fubftitutes* 

DuJie. You will think you have made nooffence^ if the 
duke avouch the juflice of your dealing? 

Prov. But what likelihood is in that? ^ 

Duie» Not a refemblance, but a certainty. Yet £nce 
I fee you fearful, that neither my coat, integrity, nor 
perfuaiion can with eafe attempt you, 1 will go Ail-ther 
than I meant, to pluck all fears out of you. Look you, 
fir, here is the hand and feal of the duke : You know the 

4 — tbe favour.] See p. Sg, n. 5. Ma lone. 

s ^'Ond tie tbe teardi] A beard tied would give a*Tery new tir tft 
th|t face, which had never been feen but with the beard ioofey looc^ 
and fqualid. Johnson. 

Mr. Simpfon propofed to read — die the beard $ and Mr. SteeTcas hat 
ihewn, that it was the cuftom to die beards in our author*! time. The 
text being intelligible^ I have made no change, though the coojefiuit 
appears extremely probable. Ma lone* 

^ — to befo bared—] Thefe words relate to what has juft preceded^ 
^^jhave tbe bead. The modern editions following the fourth foUoy 
read— -to be fo barb*d\ but the old copy is certainly right. So, in 
AtPi well tbat ends vtell : ** I would the cutting of ray garments would 
ferve the turn, or the baring of my beard i and to fay it was in ftra- 
tagem.'* Malone. 

7 Tou kKotUt tbe courfe is common, "^ P, Matbieu, in hhH^eyke Lift 
andDeatb of Henry tbe F our tb of France, fays, thatRavtlliac» in the 
midft of his tortures, lifted up his head, and diooke a fpark of fire from 
his beard* *' This unprofitable care, he adds, to fave it, being noted^ 
aftbrdcd matter to diverfe to praife the cuftome in Germany ^ SvtiJptrUmdf 
and divers other (;laces, tojhove off, and then to burn all the haire tfrcun 
all parts of the bodies of thofe who are convicted for any notoriooi 
crimes/* Crimfton's 7'rtfff/7j//cff, 4to. i6i2> p. i8i. Reed. 



AzTjiGter, I doubt not ; and the fignet is not (Irange to 

Fr^v. I know them both. 

DuJ^e. The contents of this is the return of the duke ; 
yoa fliall anon over-read it at your pleafure ; where yovt 
Ihall find, within thefe two days he will be here. This 
i« a thing, that Angclo knows not : for he this very day 
receives letters of ftrange tenor ; perchance of the duke*8 
death ; |>erchance, entering into fome monaitery ; but, 
by chance, nothing of wHat is writ '. Look, the un- 
folding liar calls up the Ihepherd : Put not yourfelf into 
amazement, how thefe things (hould be : all difHculties 
are but eafy when they are known. Call your executioner, 
and off with fiarnardine's head : I will give him a pre- 
fent fhrift, and advife him for a better place. Yet yon 
are amazed; but this ihall abfolutely refolve you. Come 
away ; it is almofl clear dawn. [£ay««/. 


Another Room in the fame. 
Enter Clown. 

Clown, I am as well acquainted here, as I was in oaf 
houfeof profeflion^: one would think, it were miftrefs 
Over-donc's own houfe, for here be many of her old cuf- 
lomers. Firft, here's young mafter Ra(h * ; he's in for a 
commodity of brown paper and old ginger, ninefcorc 
and feventeen pounds ; of which he made five marks, 
ready money : marry, then, ginger was not much in re- 


« -^notbini 9f tobat u writ.] Wc fliould read— here wr/r }—th# 
Doke pointing tu the letter in his hand. Warburton. 

9 — i« e«r bouje of profcflion :] i. c. in my Utc miftrcfs's houfe, 
^hichwat z prcfejfedp a notorious bawdy-houfe. Malone. 

» Firji, beres young mafttr Kzfh, Ac] All the names here men- 
^Kd are charaacrillical. Rajb was a fturfformi-rly worn. Malone. 

This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prifon affords a very 
ftrikingTiew of the prafticcs predominant in Shakfpcarc's age. Befidcs 
tfaofewhofe follies arc common to all times, we have four fighting men 
and a traveller. It is not unlikely that the originals of the pifturc* 
*ere then known. Johnson. 

^^ ^atamm^dity of bro^.v n ^apcr and eld ginger,] In our author'i 

^ it was a common pra^ice of money-lender* to give the borrower a 
VoL.U. H ^«iall 


queft, for the old women were all dead. Then is thcre^ 
here one mailer Caper, at the fuit of mafter Three-pile 
the mercer, for fome four fuits of peach-colour'd fatin, 
which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we here 
young Dizy, and young mailer Deep-vow, and mallcf 
Copper-fpur, and mailer Starve-lacky the rapier anJ 
dagger- man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd lufty Pud- 
ding, and mailer Forthright ^ the tilter, and brave 
mafter Shoc-tye the great traveller ♦, and wild Half-can 
that ftabb'd Pots, and, I think forty more ; all great doeri 
in our trade 5, and are now for the Lord's lake ^. 


fmall fum of money, and fomc connmodity of little value, which in the 
loan was eftimated at perhaps ten times its value : The borrower gave a 
bond or other fecurity, as if the whole had been advanced in mono'i 
and fold the commodity for whatever he could. Sometimes no mo- 
ney whatfocvcr was advanced ; but the unfortunate borrower acccptc<l 
of fome goods of a tririing value, as equivalent to a large fum. The 
following pafl'agc in Greene's Defence of Coney -catching , I592» (^^ 
quotation is Mr. Steevcns's) fully illufbratc* that before us: "— fo 
that if he borrow an hundred pound, he ihall have forty in fiWeri 
and thrccfcorc in wares, as lutcitrings, hobby-horfes, or brovtn paftrt 
or cloath, &c." M alone. 

i — mafter Forthright] The old copy reads ForthH^ht 5 but iliouU 
not Fortbligbt be Forthright ^ alluding to the line in which the thiuft i» 
made? Johnson. 

Shakfpeare ufes this word in the Tempcfi : « Through /orr/»r/^i)n and 
meanders." Again, in Troilus ani CrejJUday Aft III. fc. iii : 

«* Or hedge afidc from the dirc^ forthright/' Steivens* 
I have no doubt that Dr. Johnfon*s correftion is right. An anonytnooi 
writer defends the old reading, by fuppofing the allufion to be to th« 
fencer's threat of making the light fliine through his antagonill. H*i 
he produced any proof that fuch an cxprcfiion was in ufe in our author'* 
time, his obfervation might have had fome weight. It is probably » 
phrafe of the prcfcnt centuiy. Ma lone. 

4 -—and bravd majier Shoetyc the great traveller,'^ At this timc/'i<* 
f rings were generally worn, bxf e\ ens. 

Braxfe, in old language, meant /j";./*, fplnniiA in drefi. The finery 
which induced our author to give his tiavciJcr th? name of Shoe-tyet wa» 
ufcvl on the (t.'.gc in his timi-. <* Woi.lJ nor th^;, fir, (fays Hamkt) 
and afoiello} f.jathers, — wjth two Pr:xir.iial roa on my raz'd )^<» 
get ms a fell )Wih:n in a cry of pla\ejs, in ?" Ma lone. 

5 — ol! great d^iCrs m our ;>\uie.] The word dun is ufcd herein*. 
wanton lenle. Scf Mr. C.liins's norc, Adj. fc. ii. Malone. 

^ — /;r thi-Lird sjake.] i. c. to beg lor* the izii oi' their lives. Waei. 

I rathei 


Eftier Ab'horson. 

Ahhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. 

Cloiun. Mailer Barnardine ! you muft rife and be 
hang'd, matter Barnardine ! 

Abhor. What ho, Barnardine ! 

Barnar. [fwithin.^ A pox o' your throats I Who makes 
' that noife there ? What are you ? 

Cltnvn. Your friends, fir ; the hangman : You mufl be 
fo good, fir, to rife and be put to death. 

Barnar. \fwithin.'] Away, you rogue, away ; I am 

Abhor. Tell him, he muft awake, and that cjuickly too. 

Cloijun. Pray, mailer Barnardine, awake till you arc 
executed, and fleep afterwards. 

Akhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. 

C/otu/i. He is coming, fir, he is coming ; I hear his 
ftraw ruftle. 

I rather think this cxprcffion intended to ridicule the puritans, whofc 
turbulence and indecency often brought them to prifon, and who confi- 
dered themfelves as fufFering for religion. 

It is not unlikely that men imprifoned for other crimes, might re- 
prefent themfelves to cafual enquirers, as fuftering for puritanifm, and 
that this might be the common cant of the prifons. In Donne^s time^ 
crery prifoner waj brought to jail by fureti(hip. Johnson. 

The phrafe which Dr. Johnfon has juftly explained, is ufed in j4 New 
TricM to cheat the 'Devil, 1636 : *« —I held it, wife, a deed of charity, 
. and did it /or the Lcrd^s fake.'* Steevens. 

I believe Dr. Warburton's explanation is right. It appears from a 
poem entitled, Paper's Complaint^ printed among Davies's epigrams, 
[about the year 161 1] that this was the language in which prifoncra 
' who were confined for debt, addreflcd paflirngcrs : 

" Good gentle writers, fcr the Lord i fake, for the Lord's fakif 
** Like Ludgate prifoner^ lo, I, begging, make 
*< My mone." 
The meaning, however, may be, to beg or borrow for the reft of their 
Jives. A pailagc in Much Ada about Nothing may countenance this in- 
^ tcrpretation :— ** he wears a key in his car, and a lock hanging to it, 
and borrczvi money in God^s name, the which he hath ufed fo long, and 
never paid, that men grow hard-hearted, and will lend nothing for Cod* t 

Mr. Pjpe reads— and are now in for the Lord's fake. Perhaps un- 
ncceflarily. In K. Henry tv. P. I. Falftaft' fays, — ** there's not three 
of my hundred and fifty left alive j and they are for the town's end,— to 
ii?g during life/* Malom. 

H z Enttr 


Enter Bah KAKDiNE. 

Jbbor* Is the axe upon the blocks iirrah ? 

Cionvn. Very ready, fir. 

Barnar. How now, Abhorfon ? What's the news witk 

Abhor, Truly, fir, I would defirc you to clap into 
your prayers ; for, look you, the warrant's come. 

Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all nighty I 
am not fitted for't. 

Clown. O, the better, fir ; for he that drinks all night, 
and is hang'd betimes in the morning, may ileep the 
founder all the next day. 

Enter Duke. 

Abhor. Look you, fir, here comes your ghoftly father ; 
Do we jeft now, think you ? 

Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing hour 
hafiily you are to depart, I am come to advife you, com- 
fort you, and pray with you. 

Barnar. Friar, not I ; I have been drinking hard all 
night, and I will have more time to prepare me, or they 
fhall beat out my brains with billets : I will not confeit 
to die this day, that's certain. 

Duke. O fir, you muft : and therefore, I befeech yoa. 
Look forward on the journey you (hall go.« 

Barnar. I fwear, I will not die to-day for any man's 

Duke. But hear you, — 

Barnar. Not a word : if you have any thing to fay tf 
me, come to my ward ; for thence will not I to-day. \Exit% 
Enter Provoft. 

Duke. Unfit to live, or die : O gravel heart !— 
After him, fellows ; bring him to the block. 

\Exeunt Abh ORSON and Clows* 

Prov. Now, fir, how do you find the prifoner? 

Duke. A creature unprepared, unmeet for death ; 
And, to tranfport him ' in the mind he is, 

7 _ fo transport i>/m] To remove him from one wodd to another* 
The French trc^ai aft'ords a kiadred renfct Johnson* 



Vcrc damnable. 

Pro<v. Here in the prifon, father, 
r'hcrc died this morning of a cruel fever 
>nc Ragozine, a moft notorious pirate, 
\ man of Claudio's years ; his beard, and head, 
aft of his colour : What if we do omit 
Phis reprobate, till he were well inclined ; 
Vnd fatisfy the deputy with the vifagc 
)f Ragozine, more like to Claudio ? 

Duke. O, 'tis an accident that heaven provides ! 
)ifpatch it prcfently ; the hour draws on 
?rcfij^'d by Angelo : See, this be done, 
\nd (ent according to command ; whiles I 
Perfuade this rude wretch willingly to die. 

Pro*u. This (hall be done, good father, prefently. 
kt Bamardine mufl die this afternoon : 
^d how fhall we continue Claudio, 
To (ave me from the danger that might come, 
[f he were known alive ? 

Duke. Let this be done ;— Put them 
fn fecret holds, both Bamardine and Claudio : 
Bre twice the fun hath made his journal greeting 
To yond generation *, you fhall find 
your fafety manifefled. 

Pro*v. 1 am your free dependant. 

Duke, Quick, difpatch, and fend the head to Angelo. 

[Exit ProvolU 
Now will I write letters to Angelo, — 
The Provoft, he fhall bear them, — whofe contents 
Shall witnefs to him, I am near at home ; 
And that, by ^reat injunftions, I am bound 
To enter pubhckly : him I'll defire 
To meet me at the confecrated fount, 

^Tojomd gemeratioMfl Prifons are generally fo conftru^ed at not to 
limit the rays of the fun. Hence the Duke here fpeaks of its greetinj{ 
^ thofe without the doon of the jail, to which he muft be fuppofed 
to point when he fpeaks thefe words. Sir T. Hanmer, I think without 
oectffity, reads— To the uJUr generation, which has been followed 
^y tbe fubfequent editors. 

JmrwMlf ia the prec^iog line, is daily. Jouroaller, Fr. Malonx. 

H 3 A league 


A league below the city ; and from thence. 
By cold gradation and weal-balanced form ^, 
We Ihall proceed with Angelu. 

Re-enter Provoil. 

Pro'j. Here is the head ; I'll carry it myfelf. 

Duie. Convenient is it : Make a fwift retom ; 
For I would commune with you of fuch things. 
That want no ear but yours. 

Pro^-v. ril make all fpecd. [Exit. 

Ij'ah, \y:Uhi!iJ\ Peace, ho, be here ! 

Duke. I'hc tongue of Ifabel : — She's come to know. 
If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : 
But 1 will keep her ignorant of her good. 
To make her heavenly comforts of defpair. 
When it is leall expeded*. 

Enter Isabella. 

Ifah, Ho, by your leave. 

Duke, Good morning to you, fair and gracious daughter. 

Ifah, The better, given me by fo holy a man. 
Hath yet the deputy lent my brother's pardon ? 

Duke, He hath releas'd him, Ifabel, from the world; 
His head is off, ind fent to Angelo. 

Ij'ab, Nay, but it is not fo. 

Duke. It is no other : 
SJiew your wifdom, daughter, in your clofe patience. 

Ijah, O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes, 

Duke. You (hall not be admitted to his fight. 

Ijub. Unhappy Claudio ! Wretched Ifabel ! 
Injurious world I Moft damned Angelo ! 

Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : 
Forbear it therefore ; give your caufe to heaven. 
Mark, what I fay ; which you Hiall find 

9 — weal-balanced /<?rw,] Thus the old copy. Mr. Heath thinks 
that w^/.'- balanced is the true reading j and Har.mcr was of the fimc 
opinion. Stef.vens. • ■ 

' When it h lrajiixf.c.l.d.^ A better reafon might have been given. 
It was nvccilary to keep ir.ibciia in i^n^rancc, that (he might with moic 
kecnacfs accufcthe deputy. John sun- • 



87 c?ciy fyllable, a faithful verity : 
The duke comes home to-morrow 5 — nay, dry your eyes 9 
One of our convent, and his confellbr, 
Irivcs me this inftancc : Already he hath carry *d 
Votice to Efcalus and Angelo ; 
A^ho do prepare to meet him at the gates. 
There to give np their power. It you can, pace your 

n chat good path, that I would wifh it go ; 
iad you ftiall have your bofom * on this wretch, 
yrace of the duke, revenges to your heart, 
Ind general honour. 

J/a6. I ara direded by you. 

JJuke, This letter then to friar Peter give ; 
Tis that he fent me of the duke's return : 
lay, by this token, I defire his company 
\x Mariana's hottfe to-night. Her caufe, and yourt. 
Ml perfed him withal ; and he (hall bring you 
before the duke ; and to the head of Angelo 
Wcafe him home, and home. For my poor fclf, 

am combined by a facred vow ', 
Ind (hall be abfent. Wend* you with this ktter : 
[Command thefe fretting waters from your eyes 
iVith a light heart ; trull not my holy order, 
Lf 1 pervert your courfe. — Who's here ? 

Enter Lucio. 

Lucio, Good even ! 
Friar, where is the Provoft ? 

Duke, Not within, fir. 

Lucio, O, pretty Ifabclla, I am pale at mine heart, to 
tee tkine eyes fo xtdi : thou muft be patient : I am fain to 
dine and fup with water and bran; 1 dare not for my 
licad fill my belly ; one fruitful meal would fet me to't : 
But they fay the duke will be here to-morrow. By my 

* — ywrr ^!»/tf<w— 1 Your wifh j your heart's defire. JoHNtoN. 

5 lam combined by a facred x *7t»,] I once thought this ihould be r««- 
htit but Shakfpeare u(es combine tot to bind by a paEl or agreement $ fo 
^calis Angelo the combinate hulband of Mariana. Johnson. 

4 Wend jro««^] To wMd is to ^0* -St e i v i n s* 

H 4 troth. 


troth, Ifabel, I lov'd thy brother : if the old fantaftical 

duke of dark corners ^ had been at home, he had lived. 

[Exit Isabella. 

DuJ^e. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden to 
your reports ; but the bell is, he lives not in them ^. 

Lucio. Friar, thou knoweil not the duke fo well as I 
do : he's a better woodman ^ than thou takeft him for. 

Duke. Well, you'll anfwer this one day. Fare ye well. 

Lucio. Nay, tarry, I'll go along with thee; I can tell 
thee pretty tales of the duke. 

Duke. You have told me too many of him already, fir, 
if they be true ; if not true, none were enough. 

Lucio. I was once before him for getting a wench with 

Duke. Did you .*;h a thing ? 

Lucio. Yes, marry, did I : but I was fain to fbrfwear 
it ; they would elfe have marrjr'd me to the rotten medlar. 

Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honeft : Reft ' 
you well. 

Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the lane's end: 
If bawdy talk offend you, we'll have very little of it : 
Nay, friar, I am a kind of burr, I fhall iUck. [Exeunt, 


jf Room in Angelo'/ Houfe. 

Enter Angelo and Escalvs. 

Efcal. Every letter he hath writ hath difvouch'd other. 
Ang. In moll uneven and diflradled manner. His ac- 

J %f the old fantajlkal duke of dark corners—! This duke who meeH 
his miftrcdcs in Ly-places.l So, in K. Henry yjll: 

** There is nothing 1 have done yet, o' my confcience, 
** Dcfervcs a rcr»7:r." Malone. 
Sir Thomas Hanmcr reads, tke odd fantaji'tcal duke^ bat old is a 
common word of aggravation in ludicrous language, as, there «vtfx old 
rcvei/irtg . Johnson. 

^ -^be lit/es not in them.] i. c. his charaGcr depends not on them, 


7 — wo5</maff,] A woodman feems to have been an attendant or fer- 

nat to the oificcr called forrepr. See Manhood m the f^refi LaxvSf 



:w much like to madnefs ; pray heaven, his wif. 
not tainted I And why meet him at the gates^ 
Icliyer our authorities there ? 

I guefs not. 

And why fhould we proclaim it in an hour before 
ing, that, if any crave redrefs of injuftice, they 
xhibit their petitions in the ftreet ? 

He ihews his reafon for that : to have a difpatch 
laints ; and to deliver us from devices hereafter, 
all then have no power to (land again ft us. 
Well ; I befecch you, let it be proclaim'd : 
i* the morn *, I'll call you at your houfe : 
tice to fuch men of fort and fuit ^, 
:o meet him. 

I fhall, fir : fare you well. [Exiu 

Good night. — 

•d unfliapes me quite, makes me unprcgnant*, 
1 to all proceedings. A deflowered maid ! 
an eminent body, that enfbrc'd 

againft it I — But that her tehder (hame 
: proclaim againft her maiden lofs, 
ght (he tongue me ? Yet reafon dares her ? — no*: 

, p. 46. It is here however ufed in a wanton fenfe, and wat 

in our author's time, generally fo received. Run. 

the Mirry ff^tvis cf fVirdfory Falilaff afits his miftrcffcs,— 

iWMiMn^ Ha!'* Steevens. 

' it ^proclaim'd: 

us P tie mornj &c.] Perhaps it fhould be pointed thus : 

let it be proclaim'd 
Betimes V the mom : Pll call you at your boufe. 

And why fhould we proclaim it an hour before bis entering—? 

tmndfuitf'] Figure and rank. Johnson. 
ikes me unpregnant,] In the firft fccnc the Duke fays that 

fregmaatf i. e. ready, in the forms of law. Unpregnant 

in the inflance before us, is unready^ unprepared, St ex v. 
tt reafon dares ber ? no:] Yet docs not reafon cbalienre or 
to accufe me ?— no, (anfwers the fpeaker) for my authority 
arey in this fenfe, is yet a fchool-phrafe : Shakfpeare probably 
here. He has again ufed the word with the fame fignificatioa 
tecvens obferves) in AT. Henry IF", P. I. : 

Unlefs a brother fhould a brother dare 
To gentle cxcrcifcy fcc.** MA^o^s• 



For my authority bears off a credent bulk. 

That no particular fcandal ^ once can touch. 

But it confounds the breather. He fhould hare liv'd. 

Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous fenfe. 

Might, in the times to come, have ta'en revenge. 

By fo receiving a difhonour'd life. 

With ranfom of fuch fhame. 'Would yet he had liv'dl 

Alack, when once our grace we have forgot. 

Nothing goes right ; we would, and we would not*. [Exir* 


ft Ms loithout the Tonv/t. 
Efifer Duke in his onvn habit, and Friar Peter. 

J^uke, Thefc letters ' at fit time deliver me. 

[Giving UtttfJ* 
The Provofl knows our purpofe, and our plot. 
The matter being afoot, keep your infbru£tion. 
And hold you ever to our fpecial drift ; 
Though fomctimcs you do blench * from this to that. 
As caufe doth miniller. Go, call at Flavins' houfe. 
And tell him, where I ftay : give the like notice 
To Valcntius, Rowland, and to Craffus, 

1 — ;kj^ authority hear: off a credent hulk, 

Tiat r.-> \'2Tiicu\nr fcjnJaif &c.l CreJ.nt is creditai/eyinforcmg erf 
Atty not ^uejl'i'.nahk. The old F.ngliih writers often confound the zQayt 
and palfive .1 ijcdrives. So Shjkfpcarc, andMilton after him, ufe inex- 
f^rej/ivrtot incxf^rcpll^.'—Pai ticu/iirls f^rit-Jtc, a French fen fc. No fcan- 
dal from any j nwitc mouth can icich a man in my auiliority. Johns. 

The old copy rcids— bsars r/*, in which way offv/as formerly often 
fpelt. Bcjrs cff Mr. StCfvcns interprets— carnVj w/VA if. Perhap* 
Angrlo means, thnt Ins aurhoilry wjjl ward x)ff orfet .ifide the weightjeft 
and mort probable cha:.!;c ihatcari be brought againrt him. Malonx. 

+ — iu< '^uU. ara -rtr ivoulJ not,'\ Here undoubtedly the ad ihould 
end, and was ended by the cojt j for here is properly a ceflation of ac- 
tion, and 3 night intervenes, and the place is changed, between the 
pafla/ci of tliia fcrnrr, and thofi of the next. The next z£t beginning 
with the following fccne, j rocceds without any interruption o( time or 
change of place. Johnson. 

s "Thtje litten — ] i*ctcr never delivers the letters, but tclli his ftory 
Without any crcdtrntials. The poet forgot the plot which he had 
formed, J«ihnson. 

6 .— jf5« do blench— j To Utmb is to ftart off, to fly off. Stiiv. 

5 And 

1 them bring the trumpets to the gate ; 
] mc Flavius firft. 

^. It fhall be fpeedcd well. [Exit Friar. 

Entfr Varrxus. 
I thank thee^ Vairius ; thou hail made ggod 
halle : 
w^ will walk : I'hcre's other of our friends 
:ct us here anon, my gentle Varrius. [Exeunf. 

S C E N E VI. 

Sirctt near the City Gate. 
Efiter Isabella aW Mariana. 
To fpeak fo indiredly, J am loth ; 
fay the truth ; but to accufc him fo, 
your part : yet I'm advis'd to do it ; 
, 10 veil full purpofe '. 
Be rul'd by him. 

Befides, he tells mc, that, if peradventure 
k againft me on the aclvcrfe fide, 
not think it flranee ; for 'tis a phyfick, 
jitter' to fweet end. 
. I would, friar Peter — 
O, peace ; the friar is come. 

Enter Friar Petrr '. 
'. Come, I have found you out a ftand moft £t, 
ycfa may have fuch vantage on the duke, 

ysf to Tcil (nil purficfe.] Tu fall full furpofcy may, with Tcry 
: on the words, mean, to hide the ivhole extent of cur dtji^n^ 
*Oft the reading may ftand ; yet I cannot but think Mr. Theo- 
iration [t'avaiIfui^ar/"/r] cither luclcy or ingenious. Johns* 
Johnfon*s explanation be right, (as 1 think it is,) the word 
writtefi— ^r//, as it is now printed in the text. Mai. one. 
' Friar Piter.] This play has two friars, either of whom 
5ly have fervcd. I fljould therefore imagine, that Friar Tho- 
he firft aft, might be changed, without any harm, to Friar 
•r why ihould the Duke unncccfTarily truft two in an affair 
juircd only one. The name of Friar Thomas is never mcn- 
the dialogue, and therefore fceni arbitrarily placed at the 
be fcene* joHz?ioifi 



He (hall not pafs you : Twice have the trumpets founded , 

The generous ' and graveft citizens 

Have hent the gates ', and very near upon 

The duke is entering ; therefore hence, away. {Exeunr 

A C T V. S C E N E I. 

A puhlick Place near the City Gate. 

Mariana (vciVd), Isabella, andYzT EiL,at a diftance^^' 
Enter at oppcfite Doors, Duke, Varrxus, Lords ^ 
Angelo, Esc ALUS, Lucio, Provoft, Officers, taU^ 

Citizens » 

Duke, My very worthy coufm, fairly met :— 
Our old and faithful friend, we are glad to fee you. 

Ang, and E/caL Happy return be to your royal grace \ 

Duke. Many and hearty thankings to you both. 
Wc have made inquiry of you ; and we hear 
Such goodnefs of your juftice, that our foul 
Cannot but yield you forth to publick thanks. 
Fore-running more requital. 

Ang. You make my bonds ftill greater. 

Duke. O, your defert fpeaks loud ; and I (hould wrong if^ 
To lock it in the wards of covert bofom. 
When it deferves with charafters of brafs 
A forted refidence, 'gainfl the tooth of time 
And razure of oblivion : Give me your hand. 
And let the fubjefts fee, to make them know 
That outward courtcfies would fain proclaim 

9 Tir generous ^c] i. c. the moji noble, &c. GeneroMt U htr^ 
ufcd in its Latin fcnfc. " Virgo generofa ct nobllis.'* Cicero* Sluk-^ 
fpeare ufes it again in Othelh: 

** — — the generous iflandcrs 
** By you invited ." St e evens. 
* Have hcnt the jf JW,] Have feizcd or taken pofTe/non of the gates* 


Hent, hentcn, hendc, (fays Junius, in his Etymthgicon,) Chaucero 

eft, caperc, aflc^ui, prchcndcre, arripere, ab, A.S. hendaa.MALONX* 



Pavonrs that keep within. — Come, Efcalus ; 
Yon muft walk by us on our other hand ; — 
^nd good fupporters are you. 

Peter aW Isabella come for*ward, 

Fri. P. Now is your time ; fpeak loud, and kneel be- 
fore him. 

I/ab. Juftice, O royal Duke ! Vail your regard" 
Upon a wrong'd, I would fain have faid, a maid ! 
0'4vorthy prince, difhonour not your eye 
By throwing it on any other objedt. 
Till you have heard me in my true complaint. 
And given me juflice, juflice, juflice, juftice ! 

DuJu, Relate your wrongs : In what ? By whom ? Be 
. brief: 
Here is lord Angelo (hall give you juftice ; 
Reveal yourfelf to him. 

J/ah, O worthy duke, 
yon bid me feek redemption of the devil : 
Hear me yourfelf ; for that which I muft fpeak 
Moft either punilh me, not being bcliev'd. 
Or wring redrefs from you : hear me, O hear me, here. 

Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not firm : 
She hith been a fuitor to mc for her brother. 
Cot off by courfe of juftice. 

J/ab. By courfe of juftice ! 

jimr. And. ftie will fpeak moft bitterly, and ftrange. 

J/ai. Moft ftrange, but yet moft truly, will I fpeak : 
That Angelo's forfworn ; is it not ftrange ? 
That Angelo's a murtherer ; is't not ftrange ? 
That Angelo is an adulterous thief. 
An hypocrite, a virgin- viol a ter ; 
Is it not ftrange, and ftrange ? 

Duki. 'Ssiy, It is ten times ftrange. 

Jfab. It is not truer he is Angelo, 

• ^^Vmlyour regard] That is, withdraw your thoughts from higher 
tUngs, let your nouce dei'cend upon a wronged woman. To vail, is to 
lw"tr. Johnson. 

This is one of the few cxprcflions which might haTC been borrowed 
^(Om the old play of Promos and Cajjandraf 1 578 : 

<< '-—vtff/ thou thine ears.*' Stxetsks. 



Than this is all as true as it is ftrange : 
Nay, it is ten times true ; for truth is truth 
To the end of reckoning *. 

Duke, Away with her : — Poor foul. 
She fpeaks this in the infirmity of fenfe. 

I/ab, O prince, I conjure thee, as thou bcliev'ft 
There is another comfort than this world. 
That thou negled me not, with that opinion 
That I am touch'd with madnefs : make not impofliblc 
That which but feems unlike : 'tis not impoflible. 
But one, the wicked' ft caitiff on the ground. 
May feem as (hy, as grave, as juft, as abfolutc ', 
As Angelo ; even fo may Angelo, 
In all his dreflings *, charads % titles, forms^ 
Be an arch-villain : believe it, royal prince. 
If he be lefs, he's nothing ; but he's more> 
Had I more name for badnefs. 

Duke. By mine honefty, 
If fhe be mad, (as I believe no other,) 
Her madnefs hath the oddelt frame of fenfe^ 
Such a dependency of thing on thing. 
As e'er I heard in madnefs ^. 

» truth is truth 

To the end of reckoning,'] That is, truth has no gradations 5 nothln^^^ 
which admits of incrcafc can be fo much wliat it is, as truth is trMtb 
There may be difirr^hge thing, and a thing more fit ange \ but if a propo — "'^ 
fition be true, there can be none more true. Johnson. 

J — di Jhyj as grave, as jufi, as abfoluteyj Ai fl?y ; as refcrved, a^^^j 
abftradled : as juft -^ as nice, as exadl : as abjclute ^ as complete in ai ^ 
the round of duty. Johnson. 

4 In all his drejjingsy &c.] In all his femblance of virtue, in all hii^— *" 
habiliments of omcc. Johnson. 

5 — rhara.'^Si] i.e. cliaraders. Sec Dugdjle Orig, Jur'td. p. 81 ^^ 
— *< That he u(r, nc liiJc, no charme, nc carc^e.^^ Tyrwhitt. 

CharaEi fignifif:; An iuloription. The flat, i Edw. VI. c. 2, dire^<^^ 
the feals of otH».c of cvry bilhop to have « certain charaHs under th^^ 
king's arms, for the kuowlcge of the diocefe." Ch::raf}ers arc the ictter^^ 
in which an infcripiion is written. Cbaratle'y ii the materials of whicl»- 
cbaradlers arc conip.ifcvl. 

" fairies ulc flowers for their cbaraSlcry," M. IV. of Windjor^ 

♦ As e'er / Icatd in madnefs,] I fufped Shakfpearc wrote : \ 

As ntir 1 heard in madnefs* Malon£. 

M E A S U RE FOR M E A S V RE. j i : 

liah. Gracioir^ dul:o, 
tTarp not on that ; nor do not banilh reafon 
t'or inequality ^ : but let your reafon ferve 
To make the truth appear, where it fecms kid ; 
-And hide the falfe, feema tme ^. 

Duke. Many that are not mad, 
Slave, fore, more lack of reafon. — ^What would you fay ? 

Ifah. I am the fifter of one Claudio, 
Condem&'d upon the ad of fornication 
To lofe his head ; condemn 'd by Angek) : 
J, in probation of a ililerhood, 
^as ient to by ray brother : One Lucio 
JVs then the meflenger ; — 

Lucio, That's I, an't like your mce : 
J came to her from Claudio, and defirM her 
To try her gracious fortune with lord Angelo, 
Tor hRt poor brother's pardon » 

Ijab, That's he, indeed. 

Duke. You were not bid to (peak. 

Lucio. No, my good lord ; 
Nor wiih'd to hold my peace. 

Duke. I wifh you now then ; 
Pray yoa, take note of it : and when you have 
A buhnefs for yourfelf, pray heaven, you then 
JBe pcrfea. 

Lucio. I warratat your honour. 

Dmke. The warrant's for yourfelf; take heed to it* 

Ifah. This gentleman told fomcwhat of my tale. 
Lucio. Right. 

7 Jo nor bamifit reajcm 

fir hef&ality ;] Let not the high quality of my advcrfary prr- 
jndice you againifl me. Jo n n i o n . 

I imagine, the meaning rather is— JD^ not fuppofc I am mad, beeautir 
1 tpcak paiiionately and unequally . M a i. on e . 

* And hide thefalfe, Jeems true.'\ And for ever hide, i. e. plunge 
>Bto eternal darknefs, the falfe ontt i. c, Angelo, who now feeras ho- 
B^ft- Many other words would have expreiVcd our pectus meaning better 
^fciip; but he fecms to have chofcn it merely tor the fake of oppo- 
fition to the preceding line. Mr. Theobald unncccfTarily reads— Alpf 
^e die falfe,*^which has been followed by the fubfc<^uent editors. 

^ Malowe. 



Duke, It may be right ; but you are in the wrong 
To fpeak before your time. — Proceed. 

Ijab, I went 
To this pernicious caitiff deputy. 

Duke. That's fomewhat madly fpoken. 

I/ab, Pardon it ; 
The phrafe is to the matter. 

Duke, Mended again : the matter ; — Proceed. 

I/ab. In brief, — to fet the needlefs procefs by. 
How I perfvvaded, how I pray'd, and kneel'd. 
How he refeird me ', and how I reply *d ; 
(For this was of much length,) the vile conclufion 
I now begin with grief and Ihame to utter : 
He would not, but by gift of my chafte body ] 

To his concupifcible intemperate lull, 
Releafe my brother ; and, after much debatement. 
My ftfterly remorfe ' confutes mine honour. 
And I did yield to him : But the next morn betimes. 
His purpofe furfciting *, he fends a warrant 
For my poor brother's head. 

Duke, This is moil likely ! 

I/ab, O, that it were as like, as it is true ' ! 

Duke, By heaven, fond wretch ♦, thou know'ft not wh*t 
thou fpeak'fl ; 
Or clfe thou art fuborn'd again ft his honour. 
In hateful practice * : Firft, his integrity 
Stands without blemi{h : — next, it imports no reaibn. 
That with fuch vehemency he fhould purfue 
Faults proper to himfelf : if he had io offended, 
^e would have weigh'd thy brother by himfelf. 
And not have cut him off : Some one hath fet you on } 

9 /few be rcfclPd trey'] To refel is to refute. Stxxvzns. 

> Myffterly rrmorfc — ] i.e. pity. Steevkns. 

* His purpofe fuifeiting,] So, in Otbcllo : 

** — my hopes, not furfe'ited to death.** Stecvkns. 

1 0, tkat it were as like, as it is true /] The meaning, I think, is: 
O, that it had as much of the appearance, as it has of the reality^ of 
truth! Malone. 

4 — fond ivretcbj] Fend wrttch xifoqlijb wretch. Stecvens. 

5 In hateful pradice :] PraSiice was ufcd by chc old writers for any 
unlawful <?r infidious Ardtagein* JoH^soN• 




Confefs the truth, and fay by whofc advice 
Thou cam 'ft here to complain. 

I/a^. And is this all ? 
Then, oh, you blefled minifters above. 
Keep me in patience ; and, with ripen'd time. 
Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up 
In countenance ^ ! — Heaven (hiclcf your grace from woe. 
As I, thus wrong'd, hence unbelieved go ! 

Du/ke. I know, you'd fain be gone : — An officer ! 
To prifon with her : — Shall we thus permit 
A blafting and a fcandalous breath to fall* 
On him fo near us ? This needs muft be a prafticc 7.— 
Who knew of your intent, and coming hither ? 

I/aS, One that I would were here, friar Lodowick. 

Du^f. A ghoftly father, belike : — Who knows that 
Lodowick ? 

Lucio, My lord, I know him ; 'tis a medling friar ; 
I do not like the man : had he been lay, my lord. 
For certain words he fpake again ft your grace 
In your retirement, I had fwmg'd him foundly. 

Duke. Words againft me ? This' a good friar, belike ! 
And to fet on this wretched woman here 
Againft our fubftitute ! — Let this friar be found. 

Lucio, But ycfternight, my lord, ftie and that friar 
I faw them at tlie prifon : a lawcy friar, 
A very fcurvy fellow. 

Friar P, BleiTed be your royal grace I 
I have ftood by, my lord, and I have heard 
Your royal ear abus'd : Firft, hath this woman 
Moft wrongfully accus'd vour fubftitute ; 
Who is as free from toucn or foil with her. 
As fhe from one ungot. 

Duke. We did believe no lefs. 
Know you that friar Lodowick, that fhe fpeaks of? 

Friar P. I know him for a man divine and holy ; 

^ In countenance !'\ i. c in partial favour. Wabburton. 

Perhaps rather, in fair appearance, in the external fan^tity of th!» 
#»/Wi»»^</-fainted Angclo. Malone. 

7 — praftice.] PraSiice, in Shakfpeare, very ofteo mtams Jbamefu I 
srti/ice, unjuftifiablc ftratagem. Steevins, 

Vol. II. I Not 


Not fcurvy, nor a temporary medler •, 
As he's reported by this gentleman ; 
And, on my truft, a man that never yet 
Did, as he vouches, mifreport your grace. 

Lucio. My lord, moft villainoady ; believe it. 

Friar P. Well, he in time may come to dear himfelf ; 
But at this inilant he is fick, my lord. 
Of a ftrange fever : Upon his mere reqaeft *, 
(Being come to knowledge that there was complaint 
Intended 'gain ft lord Angelo,) came I hither. 
To fpeak, as from his mouth, what he doth know 
Is true, andfalfe; and what he with his oath. 
And all probation, will make up full clear, 
Whenfoever he's convented *. Firft, for this woman ; 
(To juftify this worthy nobleman. 
So vulgarly * and perfonally accus'd,) 
Her (hall you hear difprcved to her eyes, 

Du^e. Good friar, let's hear it. 

Isabella// carried off', guarded ; mnd 
Mariana comes forwards 
Do you not fmile at this, lord Angelo ? — 
O heaven ! the vanity of wretched fools ! 
Give us fome feats. Come, coufm Angelo; 
In this ril be impartial' ; be you judge 
Of your own caufe.— Is this the witnefs, firiar ? 


8 .^nor a temporary mediery'] It is hard to know what is meant by 
a umporary meJler. In its ufual fcnfe, aa oppofed to psrpetmMly it can* 
not be ulcd here. It may ftand for temporal : the fcnfe will then be," / 
kr.'zv bim for a holy man, one that meddlet not %ottb fecular Mffain. It 
may mean temporijirsg : I knew bim to be a boly man^ one tobowouUtti 
temporife, cr take the opportunity of your abfence to defame you, JohnsoK* 

9 — bli mere rcqucjiy'\ Solely^ entirely upon his requeft. MaloHI* 
» IVhenJoevcr be's convented.] To convent and to c$tMfeme are derived 

from the Umc Latin verb, and have exadly the fame meaning. Stht. 
1 .So vulgarly — ] Meaning either fo |rro/V/y, with fuch indecency ci 
invcilivc, or by io mean and inadequate witnelfes. Johnson. 

Vulgarly y I believe, means publickly. The vulgar are the comwtnt pe»* 
fie. Daniel ufcs vulgarly for among tbe common people : 

** and which pieafes vulgarly. St k evens. 

1 In tbii I'll be impartial 3] Impartial was fometimes uied la the fenfe 



Firft, let her fhew her face* ; and, after, fpeak. 

Mart, Pardon, my lord ; I will not (hew my face. 
Until my huiband bid me. 

Duke. What, are you marry 'd ? 

Mart, No, ray lord. 

Duke, Are you a maid ? 

Mart, No, my lord. 

Duke, A widow then ? 

Mart, Neither, my lord. 

Duke. Why, you are nothing then : — neither maid, 
widow, nor wife * ? 

Lucio. My lord, fhe may be aj)unk; for many of them 
are neither maid, widow, nor wife. 

Duke, Silence that fellow : I would he had fbme caufe. 
To prattle for himfelf. 

Lucio, Well, my lord. 

Mart, My lord, I doconfefs, I ne'er was marry'd ; 
And I confefs, befides, I am no maid : 
I have known my hufband ; yet my hufband knows not. 
That ever he knew me. 

Lucio, He was drunk then, my lord ; it can be no bet* 

Duke. For the benefit of iilcnce, 'would thou wert fo 

Lucio. Well, my lord. 

of fa'tial. In the old play of Swetnam theH^owiaii'battr^ AtUnta cHm 
out, when the judges decree againft the women : 
<< You are impartial^ and we do appeal 
«* From you to judges more indiftercnt.** Farmxi. 
So, in Marfton's Antonio and Melliday 2d part, i6o2 : 
<« ———There *s not a beauty lives, 
« Hath that impartial predominance 
" O'er my affefts, as your enchanting graces." 
Again, in Komtj and Jultety 1 597 : 

** Cruel, unjuft, impartial defUniet !*' 

Again : " this day, this unjuft, impartial diz^.^* 

In the language of our author^s time im was frequently ufed as an 
augmentative orintenfive particle. Ma lone. 

4 — her/tf«;] The original copy reads— ^9ifr face. The emenda- 
tion was made by the editor of the fecond folio. M alone. 

• Neither matdy widow, nor wife f] This is a proverbial phrafe to 
%z found in R ay's CoUe^ion. S t x x v e k s . 

I 2 Dukf. 


Duke. This is no witnefs for lord Angelo. 

Mart. Now I come to't, my lord : 
She, that accufes him of fornication. 
In felf-fame manner doth acciife my hufband ; 
And charges him, my lord, with fuch a time. 
When I'll depofe I had him in mine arms. 
With all the effea of love. 

Jng. Charges (he more than me ? 

Mart. Not that I know. 

Duke. No ? you fay, your hufband. 

Mart. Why, juft, my lord, and that is Angelo, 
Who thinks, he knows, that he ne'er knew my body. 
But knows, he thinks, that he knows Ifabel's. 

Ang. This is a ftrange abufe * : — Let's fee thy face* 

Mart. My hufband bids me ; now I will unmafk. 

This is that face, thou cruel Angelo, 
Which, once thou fwor'fl, was worth the looking on : 
This is the hand, which, with a vow'd contradl. 
Was fail belock'd in thine ; this is the body. 
That took away the match from Ifabel, 
And did fupply thee at thy garden- houfc®. 
In her imagm'd perfon. 

Duke. Know you this woman ? 

Lucio. Carnally, fhe fays. 

Duke. Sirrah, no more. 

Lucio. Enough, my lord. 

Ang. My lord, I mufl confefs, I know this woman ; 
And, five years fincc, there was fome fpeech of marriage 

5 TLii is ajirange abufe :] Abuje (lands in this place for dectptiw^ or 
fuz.xU. So, in Mjcbcthy '* — my Jirangt an J felf ihufc,^^ means, tb'u 
j^rartge deception of my f elf. Johnson. 

^ And didfutply rbte at tby garden-houfe,] A garden-bomfe in the 
time of our author was ufually appropriated to purpofcs of intrigue. So, 
in Skialethia, or a fjadow oftrutby in certain Epigrams and Satyrts^ 

** Who coming from The Curtain, fncaketh in 

" To fome old garden noted houfe for fin." 
Again, in the London Ptodigai, a com. 1605 : " Sweet lady, if you harq 
any friend, ox garden- bcufe, where you may employ a poor gentleman 
as your friend, 1 am yours to command in all fccret fcrvicc.*' M alone. 



Betwixt myfelf and her : which was broke ofF, 

Partly, for that her promifed proportions 

Came fhort of compofition ^ ; but, in chief. 

For that her reputation was difvalued 

In levity : fince whicli time, of five years, 

I never fpake with her, faw her, nor heard from her. 

Upon my faith and honour. 

Mart. Noble prince. 
As there comes light from heaven, and words from 

As there is fenfe in truth, and truth in virtue, 
I am afHanc'd this man's wife, as ilrongly 
As words could make up vows : and, my good lord. 
But Tuefday night lafl gone, in his garden-houfe. 
He knew me as a wife : As this is true. 
Let me in fafety raife me from my knees ; 
Or elfe for ever be confixed here, 
A marble monument ! 

jing, I did but fmile till now ; 
Now, ^ood my lord, give me the fcopc of juftice ; 
My patience here 13 touch'd : I do perceive, 
Thefe i)oor informal women • are no more ' 
But inftruments of fome more mightier member. 
That fets them on : Let me have way, my lord. 
To find this pra£lice out. 

Duke, Ay, with my heart ^ 

7 ■ her promifed protortiom 

C»me Jbort of compofition 'y] Her fortune, whicli wai promifed fr$* 
portiorlate to mine, fell fhort oif the compofition^ that is, contrail or bar* 
gain. Johnson. 

* Tbefepoor informal wcmrii— J In formal figmfitz out of tbtir fgnja* 
In. the Comedy of Ef-rorsy we meet with thefe lines : 
« _— r will not let him ftir, 
" Till I have us'd the approved means I have, 
*' With wholefome fyrups, drugs, and holy prayers, 
<* To make of him z formal roan again.** 
formal, in this paffagc, evidently fignifies in bis fenfet. The lines arc 
fpoken of Antipholis of Syracufe, who is behaving like a madman. 
AgaJJl, in A/ttony and Cleopatra : 

*' Thou ihouldfl come like a fury crowned with fnakes, 
« Not like a formal man .** Stkevins. 

I 3 And 


And punifli them unto vour height of plcafurc— 
Thou foolilh friar ; and thou pernicious woman« 
Compact with her that's gone ! think'ft thou, thy oathi^ 
Though they would fwear down each particular faint. 
Were teftimonics againft his worth and credit. 
That's fcal'd in approbation ^ ?— You, lord Efcalus, 
Sit with my coufin ; lend him your kind pains 
To find out this abufe, whence 'tis derived.— 
There is another friar that fet them on ; 
Let him be font for. 

Friar P. Would he were here, my lord ; for he, indeed. 
Hath fet the women on to this complaint : 
Your provoft knows the place where he abides. 
And he may fetch him. 

Duke, Go, do it inftantly. — - \Bxit Provot 

And you, my noble and well-warranted coufin. 
Whom it concerns to hear this matter forth *, 
Do with your injuries as feems you bcft. 
In any chaihfement : I for a wnile 
Will leave you ; but ftir not you, till you have well 
Determined upon thefe flanderers. 

EjcaL My lord, we'll do it throughly. — [ExiiDvkt. 
Signior Lucio, did not you fay, you knew that friar Lo" 
dowick to be a difhoneft perfon ? 

Luc to. Cucullus nonfacit monachum : honefl in nothingi 
but in his cloaths ; and one that hath fpoke moll villain- 
ous fpeeches of the duke. 

EjcaL We (hall entreat you to abide here till he come, 
and enforce them againfl him : we (hall find this friar a 
notable fellow. 

Lucio, As any in Vienna, on my word. 

E/caL Call that fame Ifabel here once again ; [to tm 

9 That^ t feald In approbation f'\ When any thing fybjcd to counter- 
feits is tried by the proper officers and approved, a ftatnp or fest is pat 
upon it, as among us on plate, weights, and meafures* So the dukt 
fays, that Angelo's faith has been tried, approved^ tkn6 ftaPd is'tefti* 
xnony of that approbationy and, like other things (ofealed, is no mora 
to be called in queflion. Johnsoti. 

I — to bear Uh matter forth f^ To hear it to the end ; to learch it 
to the bottom. Johnson. 


Attendant,'] I would fpeak with her: pray you, my lord, 
give me leave to qucilion ; you fhall fee how IMl handle 

Lucio, Not better than he, by her own report. 

EfcaL Say you ? 

Lucio. Marry, fir, I think, if you handled her private- 
ly, fhe would fooner confefs ; perchance, publickly (he'U 
be afhamed. 

Jle-enter Officers , <with Isabella; the Duke in the Friar* s 
habit, and Provoll. 

EfcaL I will go darkly to work with her. 

Lucio. That's the way; for women arc light at mid- 

EfcaL Come on, miflrefs ; [to Ifabella.] here's a gentle- 
woman denies all that you have faid. 

Lucio. My lord, here comes the rafcal I fpoke of; here 
with the provoft. 

EfcaL In very good time : — fpeak not you to him, till 
we call upon you. 

Lucio. Mum. 

EfcaL Come, fir, did you fet thefe women on to flan- 
der lord Angelo ? they have confefs 'd you did. 

Duke. 'Tis falfe. 

EfcaL How I know you where you are ? 

Duie. Refpeft to your great place I and let the devil ' 
Be fometimes honoured for his burning throne :— 
Where is the duke ? 'tis he (hould hear me fpeak. 

EfcaL The duke's in us ; and we will hear you (peak : 
Look, you fpeak juflly. 

Duh. Boldly, at leaft : — But, O, poor fouls. 
Come you to feek the lamb here of the fox ? 
Good night to your redrefs. Is the duke gone ? 

* — are light at miJnigbt.'] This is one of the words on which 
Shakfpeare chiefly delights to quibble. Thus, Portia in the M. of V. 
'* Let me give light ^ but let me not be light.** Steevens. 
3 Rcfpefl to ycur great place I and let the devil &c.] I fuljcft that a 
line preceding this has been loft. Ma lone. 

Shakfpeare was a reader of Philemon Holland's tranflation of Pliny ; 
and in the vth book and 8th chapter, might have met with this idea : 
^* The Augylae i/o ffo vsorfhif to any but to the dtvih beneath.** Stekv. 

I 4 Thea 


Then is your caufe gone too. The duke's unjuft. 
Thus to retort your manifeft appeal ♦, 
And put your trial in the villain's mouth. 
Which here you come to accufe. 

Lucio, This is the rafcal ; this is he I fpoke of. 

E/cal, Why, thou unreverend and unhallow'd friar ! 
Is't not enough, thou haft fuborn'd thefe women 
To accufe this worthy man ; but, in foul mouth. 
And in the witnefs of his proper ear. 
To call him villain ? 

And then to glance from him to the duke himfelf ; 
To tax him with injuftice ? — Take him hence ; 
To the rack with him : — We'll touze you joint by jointj 
But wc will know this purpofe ' : What, unjuft r 

Duke, Be not fo hot ; the duke 
Dare no more ftretch this finger of mine, than he 
Dare rack his own ; his fubjedl am I not. 
Nor here provincial ^ : My bufinefs in this ftate 
Made me a looker-on here in Vienna, 
Where I have feen corruption boil and bubble. 
Till it o*er-run the ftew : laws, for all faults ; 
But faults fo countenanc'd, that the ftrong ftatutcs 
Stand like the forfeits in a barber's (hop 7, 

^ m^to retort your mar.'ifeft appealt"] To refer hack to Angelo the 
caufc in which you appealed from Angelo to the Duke. Johnson. 

5 — x\\\% purpofe:'] The old copy has— £>« purpofe. The emendation 
waf made by Sir T. Hanmcr. 1 believe the paflage has been corrected il 
the wrong place; and would read : 

We'll touzc blm join: by joint. 

But we will know kh purpofe. Ma lone. 
* Ncr here provincial :] Nor here accountable. The meaning fremi 
to be, I am not one of his natural fubjedls, nor of any dependent pro- 
vince. Johnson. 

7 Stand like t be forfeit I in a barhcrifhtp^] Barbers* -fliops were, at 
all times, the refort of idle people : 

** Tonfirina erat quadam : hie folebamus feri 
** Plerumque earn oppenri ■ " 

which Donatus calls apta fedes otiefs. Formerly with us, the better 
fort of pc( pie went to the barber's (hop to be tiimmcd j who then prac- 
tifed the under parts of furgery : fo that he had occafion for numerous 
inilruments, whi^h Uy there ready for ufe 3 and the idle people, witit 



mach in mock as mark. 

IfcaL Slander to the ftate ! Away with him to prifbn. 
ing. What can you vouch againll him, iignior Lucio ? 
his the man, that you did tell us of? 
.ucio, 'Tis he, my lord. Come hither, goodman bald- 
: : Do you know me ? 

>uk€. I remember you, fir, by the found of your voice : 
et you at the prifon, in the abfencc of the duke. 
ucio. O, did you fo ? And do you remember what you 
of the duke ? 
>uke. Moft notedly, fir. 

urM. Do you fb, fir? And was the duke a fle(h-mon- 
» a fool, and a coward ', as you then reported him 

^uke. You muft, fir, change perfons with me, ere you 
:e that my report : you; indeed, fpoke fo of him ; and 
:h more, much worfe. 

luio. O thou damnable fellow ! Did not I pluck thee 
he nofe, for thy fpeeches ? 
^uke. I proteft, I love the duke, as I love myfelf. 

n his (bop was generally crowded, would h? perretually handling 
mtfufing them. To remedy >Arhich, I fiippofc, there was placed up 
ift the wall a table oi forfeitures, adapted to e^^cry offence of this 
\ which, it is not likely, would long prcfervc its .authority. Wars* 
bis explanation may ferve till a better is difcuvered. But whoever 
Teen the inftruments o{ a chirur^con, knows tl;at they may very 
f be kept out of improper hands in a very I'mall box, or in hii 


was formerly part of a barber's occupation to pick the teeth and 

nforfeitt in a barber s Jhop were brought forward by Mr. Kenrick^ 
a parade worthy of the f ibje£t. Farmer. 

may \>^ proper to add, that in a newfpaper called the Daily Ma* 
se, 6r, Lcndsn Adi'frtifer, Otl. 1 5, 1773, which, I am informed, was 
oded by Mr. Kenrick, he almofi acknowledges, that the Vcrfes cx- 
:ing a catalogue of thcfe forfeits, which he pretended to hav^ met 
I atMalton or Thir/k, in Yorkrtiire, were ^forgtry, Malone* 
•^ amd a ccivardi'\ So, ai^uin afterwards : 

•* TcUf ftrrak^ that know me for a/coi, a coward, 
«« One aU -f luxury " 

Lucio had nat, in the former converfation, mentioned eowsrdict 
)ngthe faults of the duke. Such failures of memory are incident to 
tus more diligent than this poet. Johnson* 


Jng. Hark ! how the villain would dofc now, after hif \ 
treafonable abufes. j 

Efcal, Such a fellow is not to be talk'd withal :— Awa? j 
with him to prifon : — Where is the Provoft ? — Away wim ■ 
him to prifon ; lay bolts enough upon him : let him ijpeak | 
no more: Away with thofe giglots too', and witndii ] 
other confederate companion. 

\The Provoft lays hands on the Duke. ; 

Duke. Stay, fir ; ftay a while. 

Ang, What ! refifts he ? Help him, Lucio. 

Lucio, Come, fir; come, fir; come, fir : foh, fir; Wiy, j 
you bald-pated, lying rafcal ! you muft be hooded, wm ' 
you ? Show your knave's vifage, with a pox to you ! (how 
your fheep-biting face, and be hang'd an hour * ! Will't 
not off? l^Pulls off the friar* s hoody and di/co'vers theUvkt* 1 

Duke. Thou art the firft knave, that e'er made a dukc.-^ 
Firft, provoft, let me bail thefe gentle three : 
Sneak not away, fir ; [/o Lucio.] for the friar and yea 
Muft have a word anon : — lay hold on him. I 

Lucio. This may prove worfe than hanging. ] 

Duke. What you have fpoke, I pardon j fit you down.-* j 

[to Efcalus. 
We'll borrow place of him : — Sir, by your leave : [/« Ang« j 
Haft thou or word, or wit, or impudence. 
That yet can do the office ? If thou haft,' 
Rely upon it, till my tale be heard. 
And hold no longer out. 

Ang. O my dread lord, 

9 — tbofe giglots tooy] A glglot is a wanton wench. STZEVEHf* 

> Shoiu your Jhetp'bit'mg f ACS, and be hang'd an hour !] Dr. Johnfcii*! 
alteration [an how?] is wrong. In thz Alcbemiftf wc meet with 
«< a man that has htftn fir angled an hour.'"^^*^ What, Piper, ho! k 
hsng^d a-nohiliy''^ is a line of an old madrigal. Farmer. 

A fimilar cxpreflion is found in Ben Jonfon's Bartb§lomew Ftfff 
1614 : *« Leave the bottle behind you, and be curft a while.** M alomi. 

The poet evidently refers to the ancient mode of punifliing by theri/- 
Rfirigiumy or the original pillory, made like that part of the pillory at 
prefent which receives the neck, only it was placed horizontally, f« 
that the culprit hung fufpendcd in it by his chin, and the back of hit head. 
A diftinft account of it may be found, if I miftakc not, in Mr. Bar- 
Tington*8 Obfervatiom on the Statutes, Hcnlsy. 

I (hoald 


I (hoald be goiltier than my cuiltincfs. 
To think I can be andifccrnable, 
Whfcn I perceive, your grace, like power divine. 
Hath look'd upon my paffes * : Then, good prince. 
No longer feffion hold upon my ihame. 
But let my trial be mine own confeffion ; 
Immediate fentence then, and fequent death. 
Is all the grace I beg. 

Duke, Come hither, Mariana: — 
Say, waft thou e'er contracted to this woman ? 

Ang. I was, my lord. 

Duke. Go take hei- hence, and marry her inftantly.— 
Po you the office, friar ; which confummate ^, 
Return him here again : — Go with him, provoft. 

[^xeunf Angelo, Mariana, Peter, andViGvoA. 

EfcaL My lord, I am more amaz'd at his diihonour. 
Than at the ftrangenefs of it. 

DuAe. Come hither, Ifabel : 
Your friar is now your prince : as I was then 
Advertifmg, and holy ♦to your bufinefs. 
Not changing heart with habit, I am ftill 
Attorney*d at your fervice. 

I/ah. O, give me pardon. 
That I, your vaffal, have employ'd and pain'd 
Your unknown fovcreignty. 

Duke, You are pardon'd, Ifabel : 
And now, dear maid, be you as free to us '. 
Your brother's death, I know, fits at your heart ; 
And you may marvel, why I obfcur'd myfelf. 
Labouring to fave his life ; and would not rather 
Make rafh remonftrance of my hidden power. 
Than let him fo be loft : O, moft kind maid. 
It was the fwift celerity of his death. 
Which I did think with flower foot came on, 

» mm^my pafTcs :1 i.f . what has pad in my adminiftratton. Si iet. 
3 ^^%ubUb conjummatey'\ i. c. which being confummatcd. Malonk. 
♦ Ad-vertijing, and holy— "] Attentive and faithful. Johnson. 
5 — he you as free /o «j.] Be ts g€ncroui to US j pardon us as we have 
pardoned you* Johkson. 



That brain'd my purpofe * : But, peace be with him ! 
That life is better life, pail fearing death. 
Than that which lives to fear : make it your comfort. 
So happy is your brother. 

Re-enter Angelo, Mariana, Peter, andFTOVoi» 

Ifab, I do, my lord. 

Duke, For this new-married man, approaching here, 
Whofe fait imagination yet hath wrong'd 
Your well-defended honour, you muft pardon 
For Mariana's fake : but as he adjudg'd your brothcFf 
(Being criminal, in double violation 
Of facred chaftity, and of promifc-breach ^, 
Thereon dependant, for your brother's life,) 
The very mercy of the law cries out 
Mofl audible, even from his proper tongue •, 
An Angelo for Claudia^ death for death, 
Hafte ftill pays hafte, and leiiure anfwers leifurc ; 
Like doth quit like, and Mea/ure ftill^or Meafure*. 
Then, Angelo, thy fault's thus manifelled ; 
Which though thou would'ft deny, denies thee vantage ' : 
We do condemn thee to the very block 

* That brain d my purpofe:"] We now ufc in converfadon a like 
phrafc. Tbh it "WHi that knocked my dejsg/t on the bead, John soNi 

7 ^~.and of promife-hrczch,] Our author ought to have written— "Ul 
double violation of facred chaftity, and of prom'ifey^ indead of— pro- 
mi fc-/r<'tffi'. Sir T. Haumcr reads — and in promifc- breach ; but change 
is certainly here improper, Sh^kfpcarc having many Hmilar inaccu- 
racies. Double indeed may refer to Angelo's condu^ to Mariana zsA 
Ifabcl y yet ilill fome dithcuity will remain : for then he will be faidto 
be ** iriminal [inltcad of guilty] cf promife-breach." Maloni. 

8 — e-jen from bis proper tongue^] Even from Angclo's onon ton^tt 
So, abo\c : *' — In tie ivitrefs of I is proper ear — '* &c Johkson* 

9 So, in tlic Third P;jrt of A^ hmry P'J : 

<* Mtafurc fr M.-aJure muft be anfwercd." Stz evens. 
Shakfpearc might have rcnr.embrred thefe lines in A JVaming for fain 
fFctKeny a trigrvly, 1599 (but appaicntly written fome years before): 
■** The trial now remains, as ihali conclude 
** MiPjurefiT Mca[ur:-y and loft blood for blood.'* MalokI* 
^ jriicb .'bough thou tvouid^Jl dcny^ denies rtre t'antJ^e:] The denial 
«f which will avail thee nothing. So, in the fVinter'sTaie : 

** Which to deny, concerns more than avails.'' Ma lone. 



Where Claudio ftoop'd to death, and with like hafte ; — 
Away with him. 

Mart. O, my moft gracious lord, 
I hope you will not mock me with a hufband ! 

DuJ^e. It is your hulband mock*d you with a hu(band: 
Confenting to thefafeguardof your honour, 
I thought your marriage fit ; elfe imputation. 
For that he knew you, might reproach your life. 
And choke your good to come : for his pofleiEons, 
Although by coniifcation they are ours *, 
We do inflate and widow you withal. 
To buy you a better hufband. 

Mart. O, my dear lord, 
I crave no other, nor no better man. 

Dmie. Never crave him ; we are definitive. 

Mart. Gentle my liege, — [kneeling. 

Duke. You do but lofe your labour ; 
JVway with him to death.— Now, fir, [/^Lucio.] to you. 

Mari. O, my good lord ! — Sweet Ifabel, take my part ; 
Lend me your knees, and all my life to come 
J'll lend you, all my life to do you fervice. 

Duke. Aeainft all fenfe you do importune her ' : 
Should fhe kneel down, in mercy of this faft. 
Her brother's ghofl his paved bed would break, 
And take her hence in horror. 

Mari, Ifabel, 
Sweet Ifabel, do yet but kneel by me ; 
Hold up your hands, fay nothing, I'llfpeak all. 
They fay, befl men are moulded out of faults ; 

* Altbougb by confifcation tkey are ours,] This reading was fumiAed 
•y the editor of the fccond folio. The original copy has confutation^ 
Much may be right : — by his being confuted, or proved guilty of the 
^ which he had denied. This however being rather harfli, I have fol- 
owed all the modern editors in adopting the emendation that has been 
liade. Malunz. 

I Aga'inft all fenfe you do importune her ;] The meaning required Is, 
Igaind all reafon and natural affcaion j Shakfpeare, therefore, judici- 
»i»fly ufcs a fingle word that implies both j Jcnjt fignifying both rcaiba 
4iii afledion. Johnson. 
The fame exprcflion occurs in the Tempeft^ Aft II. 
«< You cram thefc words into ray ears, againft 
•< Theftomachof my/r»yjf.'* Stssvkns. 



And, for the moft, become much more the better 
For beine a little bad : fo may my hulband. 

Ifabel T will you not lend a knee ! 
Duke, He dies for Claudio's death. 

I/ab. Mod bounteous fir, [knttUwi* 

Look, if it pleafe you, on this man condemn'd^ 
As if my brother liv'd : I partly think» 
A due iincerity governed his deeds. 
Till he did look on me* ; fince it is fo. 
Let him not die : My brother had but juiBce, 
In that he did the thing for which he died : 
For Angelo, 

His aft did not o'ertake his bad intent ^ ; 
And mull be bury'd but as an intent. 
That perifh'd by the way : thoughts are no fubjeds ; 
Intents but merely thoughts. 

Mari, Merely, my lord. 

Duke. Your luit's unprofitable ; ftand up» I fay«— ^ 

1 have bethought me of another fault : — 
Proved, how came it, Claudio was beheaded 
At an unufual hour ? 

4 Till be did /»ok •n w#;] The duke has juftljr obferved that Ifabdii 
importuned againft all fenfe to folicit for Angelo, yet here s^ait^ dl 
fenje (he folicits tor him. Her argument U extraordinary. 

A due fine ertty govern d his deeds. 

Till he did look on me } fince it isfof 

Let him not die. 
That Angelo had committed all the crimes charged againft hiiB» li 
far js he cuuld commit them, is evident. The only imteia which fc'r 
an did not overtake, was the defilement of Ifabel. Of this Angdovtt 
only intentionally guilty. 

Angdo*s crimes were fuch, as muft fufficiently joftify piiniibaiCBt» 
whether its end be to fecure the innocent from wrong, or to deter g«U 
by example ; and I believe every reader feels fome indignation when ht 
finds him fpared. From what extenuation of his crime, can liaUi 
who yet fuppofcs her brother dead, form any plea in his favour? Ska 
he tvai good till ke looked en me, let him not die, I am afraid our varfet 
poet intended to inculcate, that women think ill of nothing that raiies 
the credit of their beauty, and are ready, however Tirtuous, to pardoB 
any z(k which they think incited by their own charms. Johksom* 

5 His oB did not o'ertake his had intent ^J So, in Mschttbi 

** The flighty purpofe never is overtook, 

** Unlei!iihe^«/</go withit/* Stxivsns, 


Prro. It was commanded To. 
Duke. Had you a fpecial warrant for the deed ? 
/Vw. No> my good lord ; it was by private meflage* 
Duke* For which I do difcharge yon of your office : 
ivc up your keys. 
Frvu. Pardon me, noble lord : 
liuKh^ht it was a fault, but knew it not ; 
et did repent me, after more advice ^ : 
x- teflimonv whereof, one in the prifon, 
hat ihould oy private order elfe have died, 
liave refenr'd alive. 
Duke. What's he ? 
Prov, His name is fiamardine. 
Duke. I would thou had'H done (o by Claudio.— 
o, fetch him hitlier ; let me look upon him. [Exit Prov« 
E/cal. I am forry, one fo learned and (o wife 
s you, lord Angelo, have ftill appear'd, 
bould flip fb groily, both in the heat of blood, 
nd lack of temper'd judgement afterward. 
An^. I am forry, that fuch forrow I procure s 
nd io deep flicks it in my penitent heart, 
'hat I crave death more willingly than mercy ; 
Pis my deferving, and I do entreat it. 

Re-enter ViovQ&t Barnardine, Claudio, ani 

Duke. Which is that Barnardine ? 

Prov* This, my lord. 

Duke. There was a friar told me of this man :— 
irrah, thou art faid to have a (hibbom foul, 
lut apprehends no further than this world, 
ind fquar'fl thy life according : Thou'rt condemn'd ; 
at, for thoie earthly faults^, I quit them all ; 
ind pray thee, take this mercy to provide 
or better times to come : — Friar, advife him ; 

leave him to your hand. — What muffled fellow's that ? 

6 ^^ after more advice:'] i.e. after more confideration. Stiivexs* 

7 — y^r ibofe eartL/y fauitSf] Thy faults, fo far as they arc puniih- 
le on earth, fo far as they are cognifable by temporal power, I forgive. 

c Prcu. 


Profu. This is another prifoner, that I fav'd. 
Who (hould have died when Claudio loft his head ; 
As like almoft to Claudio, as himfelf. [unmuffles Claodio. 

Duke. If he be like your brother, [to Ifab.J for his fake 
Is he pardon'd ; And, for your lovely fake,^ 
Give me your hand, and fay you will be mine. 
He is my brother too : But htter time for that. 
By this, lord Angelo perceives he's fafe * ; 
Methinks, I fee a quick' ning in his eye : — 
Well, Angelo, your evil quits you well' : 
Look that you love your wife ' ; her worth, worth yours*.— 
I find an apt remiffionin myfelf : 
And yet here's one in place I cannot pardon ' ;— 
You, firrah, [/oLucio.J that knew me for a fool, a coward* 
One all of luxury ^, an afs, a mad-man ; 
Wherein have I fo deferved of you. 
That you extol me thus ? • 

Lucio, 'Faith, my lord, I fpoke it but according to th« 
trick ' : If you will hang me for it, you may, but I had ra- 
ther it would plcafe you, 1 might be whip'd. 

Duke, Whip'd firft, fir, and hang'd after. — 
Proclaim it, provoft, round about the city ; 
If any woman's wrong'd by this lewd fellow, 
(As I have heard him fwear himfelf, there's one 
Whom he begot with child,) let her appear, 

8 — perceives be^ s fafe '<,'] It is fomcwhat ftrangc that Ifabelisnot 
made to cxprefs cither gratitude, wonder, or joy, at the fight of her bro- 
ther. Johnson. 

9 — y cur evil ({nils you iveU:] S^uits youy recompenfes, requitef yoo* 


^ Loohy that you love yovr tvife '^"^ So, in Promoiy &c, 

** Be loyjng to good Caflhndra, thy wife,'* Steevins. 

* — />^r ivcrtbf ivcrth v'«M.] That is, her value is equal to youfT** 
lucj the maich is not unworthy of you. J^jinson. 

^ — here's one in place I cannot pardon '^'\ The duke only means to 
frighten Lttffo, whnfc final fcntence is to marry the woman whomht 
had wronged, on which all his other punilhments arc remitted. Stii*« 

4 One all of luxury, — ] Luxury^ in our author's time, fignified ««•• 
fifcence. Ma lone. 

5 —. according ts tie trick .*] To my cuftom, my habitual prtffce* 




od he (hall marry her : the nuptial finifh'd, 

t him be whip'd and hang'd. 

Lmcio. I befeech your highnefs, do not marry me to a 

ore ! Yoor highnefs faid even now« I made you a duke ; 

)d my lord, do not recompence me« in making me a 

DmAi. Upon mine honour^ thou (halt marry her. 

y Handera I forgive ; and therewithal 

mit thy other forfeits * :— Take him to prifon : 

d (ee our pleafure herein executed. 

LucU* Marrying a punk« my lord, is preffing to death, 

Lppingy and hanging. 

E/vlr. Sland'ring a prince deferves it. — 

e, ClandiOy wronfi;'d^ look you reflore.— 

r to you, Mariana ! — love her, Angelo ; 

ave codfefs'd her, and I know her virtue.— 

stfdb; g<^iod friend Efcalus, for tliy much goodnefs ^ : 

Are's more behind, that is more gratulate *. 

lankt, provoll, for thy care, and fecrefy ; 

s ihall emplov thee in -a worthier place :*- 

rgiye him, Angelo, that brought you home 


' •^ ihy tibir forfeits :"[ Thy other punjfhmcnts. Johnson. 
Vofirfttt anciently fignified to commit a carnal oWeme. Stxeveni. 
nauksf pod friend Efcatus, for thy much goodneft .*] I have always 
ni^t that there is great confufion in this concluding fpeech. If my 
aafin would not be cenfured as too licentious, I fliould regulate it thus s 

7bMukh g9»dfritnd Efcalusy for thy much goodnefs, 

IThdnks, rrovoft, for tby care and fecrefy ; 

WtpM employ thee in a worthier place. 

Forgive hiMf Angelo^ that brought you homt 

Aug. 'the offence pardons itfelf 
Duke, 'there's more behind 

7bst Is more gratulate* Dear Ifahely 

1 have a motion^ &c. Johnson. 
I mmm thai is more gratulate ] i.e, to be nrme rejoiced in ; meaning, X 
ppoic, that there is another world, where he will find yet greater rea- 
I to rqoice in confequence of his upright minidry. Efcalus is repre- 
ited as an ancient nobleman, who, in conjunction with Angelo^ had 
Khcd the higheft office of the ftate. He, therefore, could not be fuf- 
ently rewarded here ; but is neceflfarily referred to a future and more 
Jted recompence. Stkkvins. 
e9L« II. K J think 


The head of Raeozine for Claadio's ; 
The offence pardons itfelf. — ^Dear Ifabel, 
I have a motion much imports your good ; 
Whereto if you'll a willing ear incline. 
What's mine is yours, and what is yours is mine :^ 
So bring us to our palace ; where we'll ihow 
What's yet behind, that's meet you all fhouldknow*. 

I think the Duke means to fay,— I thank thee, Efcalus, for thy narigii' 
conduct during thy adminiftradon of government. At fome nicu* 
time I ihall fliew you fome more fubftantial, more grdtmlstory^ and tt" 
€^tah/e marks of my approbation, than mere thanks. Malovk. 

9 I cannot help taking notice with how much judgment Shakfpeaie 
has given turns to this ilory from what he found it in Cyathio GinUi'i 
novel. In the firft place, the brother is there adually executed, asd 
the governour fends his head in a bravado to the fifter, after he ^td de- 
bauched her on promife of marriage : a circumftance of too mich 
horror and villainy for the ftage. And, in the next place, the fiiler af- 
terwards is, to folder up her difgrace, married to the governour, and 
1>egs his life of the emperour, though he had uniuftly been the death oT 
her brother. Both which abfurdities the poet has avoided by the epi- 
fode of Mariana, a creature purely of his own invention, TTie dvifi]* 
remaining incognito at home to fupervife the condu^ of his dravtyi ia 
•Ifo entirely our authour's Adion. 

This ftory was attempted for the fcenc before our author wai fouitett 
years old, by one George Whetftone, in Two Comical Difcogrjittt a* 
they are called, containing the right excellent and famous hiirocy » 
Promos and Caflandra, printed with the black letter, 1578. The au- 
thor going that year with Sir Humphrey Gilbert to Norimbega, k^ 
tlipm vv^tth his friends to publifh. Theobald. 

The novel of Cynthio Giraldi, from which Shakfpeare is fuppofedts 
have borrowed this fable, may be read in Shakfpeare illuftrateiy ek- 
gantly tranflated, with remarks which will aOift the enquirer to di£:0V^ 
how much abfurdity ShalUjpeare has admitted or avoided. 

I cannot but fufpe^t that fome other had new-modelled the novel 01 
Cynthio, or written a ftory which in fome particulars refembled it, tfd 
that Cynthio was not the author whom Shakfpeare immediately ftl* 
lowed. The emperor in Cynthio is named Maximine ; the duke, lA 
Shakfpeare*s enumeration of the perfons of the drama, is called Vis- J 
centio. This appears a v^ry Hight remark 5 but fmce the duke hiaoo J 
pam^ in the play, nor is ever mentioned but by his title, why (hould \^ \ 
be called Vincentio among the perfo/ts, but becaufe the name was copiaf 
from the ftory, and placed fuperfluoufly at the head of the lift by tbp 
mere habit of tranfcription ? It is therefoK likely that there was then 
a ftory of Vincentio duke of Vienna, difteient from that of Maximioc 
USDDtior of the Romanf • 



3rtliit play the light or cornicle part is rery natural and pleafing, but 
{rate iceneSj if a ftw paflages be excepted, have more labour than 
;anoe. The plot is rather intricate than artful. The time of the 
on is indefinite } fome time, we know not how much, rauft liave 
ifed between the recefs of the duke and the imprifonment of Claudio j 
he muft have learned the ftory of Mariana in his difguife, or he de- 
led his power to a man already known to be corrupted. The unities 
Bkm and place are fufficiently prefenred. Johnson. 
Tht duke probably had learnt the ftory of Mariana in fome of hii 
Bcr retirements, «* having ever loved the life rempved" (page i8) i 
1 lie had a fufpicion that Angelo was but a fttmer (page lo]} and 
tftie.he ftays to watch him. Blackstone. 

The Fable of Whetftone^s Promos Mnd Cajfandrtf l$^%• 
«* The Argument of the whole Hifiory.^ 

< Ia the cyttie of Julio (fometimcs under the dominion of Corvhtu 
ige ^fHrnngsritf and Bohemia^) there was a law, that what man fb 
r committed adultery fliould lofe his head, and the woman oflsnder 
aid weare ibme difguifed apparel, during her-Hfe, to make her infa* 
ifly noted. This fevere lawe, by the favour of fome mercifull ma- 
tmtCy became little regarded, untill the time of lord Promos* audority } 
) conviAing a young gentleman named Andrugio of incontinency^ 
donned both him and his minion to the execution of this ftatute* 
1rm9 had a very virtuous and beautiful gentlewoman to his fifter^ 
^ttiCsJpmdrs s Cajfandrat to enlarge her brother's life, fubmitted an 
nUe petition to the lord Promos: Promos regarding her good beha- 
Bit, and fantafying her great beawtie, was much delighted with the 
«te order of her talke ; and doyng good, ihat evil! might come 
veofp for a time he repryved her brother: but wicked man, tourning 
likiJig into unlawfull luft, he fet downe the fpoile of her honour* 
nibme for her brothers life : ch^fte Cajfandra, abhorring both him 
I hit fete, by no perfuaGon would yeald to this raimfome. But In 
*f wonne with the importunitye of hir brother ^pleading for life)» 
10 thefe conditions /he agreed to Promos, Firft, that he fliould par- 
1 her brother, and after marry her. Profnosj as feareles in promifle^ 
:arelefle in performance, with follcmne vowe fygned her conditions $ 
worfe then any infydell, his will fatifsfyed, he performed neither the 
: nor the other : for to keepe his aufloritye unfpotted with favour, 
I to prevent Cajfandra* s clamors, he commaunded the gayler fecretly, 
^irtkntCafiandra with her brother's head. The gayler, [touched] 
h the otttcryes of Andrugio, (abhorryng Promos* lewdenes) by the 
videoce of God provided thus for his fafety. He prefented Cajfandra 
h a felons head newlie executed ; who knew it not, being mangled^ 
(D her brothers (who was fet at libertie by the gayler). [She] was fo 
eevcd at this trecherye, that, at the point to kyl her felf, flie fpared 
t ibokcy to be avenged of Promos : and devyfing a way, (he con<« 
ded| to make her fortunes kaowne unto the kinge. She^ executing 
K 2 ' Uui 


thii refoladon, wai fo highly fayoured of the Uingt that fofthwidi 
hafted to do iaftice on Promos t whofe judgment wu, to mtny C 
ftndraj to repaire her crafed honour ; which dbnne, for hit hain< 
ofl^ce, he fliould lofe his head. This maryage (blempnifed, Cafpatu 
tjed in the greateft bondes of affefUon to her hulband, became an ean 
tfuter for his lifie : the kinge, tendringe the general! benefit of the cte 
weaie before her fpecial cafe, although he favoured her muchf wo 
not graunt her fute. Andru^o (difguifed amonge the company) i 
rowing the griefe of hit fifier, bewrayde his fafety, and craved pard< 
The kinge, to renowne the vertues of Caffandrs, pardoned both 1: 
and Promos* The circumftances of this rare hifloiye, in adion live 

IVbetfionti howevery has not afforded a yery corred analyfis of 
play, which contains a mixture of comick fcenesy between a Bawd 
Pimpy Felons, &c together with fome ferious fituations which are i 
defcribed. Stxevins. 

One paragraph of the foregoing narratiye being ftrangely confufed 
the old copy, by fome careleflhefs of the printer, I have endeayourec 
l«dify it, by tranfpofing a few words, and addiDg tWO Otbcn^ wliich 
iacluded withia crotch^ Mal om it 


PcHbns Rcprcfcntcd/ 

Solinusy Duie of Ephefus. . 
^gcon> a Merchant of Syracufe. 

Antipholus,/ Ephefus*, rT" ^""'"1% '^ ^I'l ' 
Antijholus «/Syracufc, \ f ««»» "'"' f^^^' *«* «- 
'^ '' ' 'J knonun to each other. 

Dromio o/* Ephefus, '\Tnuin Brothers, and Attendants ^ 

Dromio o/* Syracufe, J thetnuo Antipholus's. 

Balthazar^ a Merchant, 

Angelo, a GoUfmith, 

A Merchant, Friend to Antipholus of Syracufe^ 

Pinch, a ScbooUmafer, and a Conjurer. 

Emilia, Wife to ^geon, an Ahhefs at Ephefus^ 
Adriana, Wife to Antipholus of Ephefus. 
Luciana, her Sifter. 
Luce, ber Servant. 
A Courtezan, 

Jailer, Officers, and other Attendants* 
SCENE, Ephefus. 

^ In the old copy, thefe brothers are occafionally ftyled, Antipholv 
Erotis, or Err»tis ; and Antipholus Sereptus ; meaning, perhap s gr 
raticui, znd furreptus. One of thefe twins waniUred in fearch of hi 
brother, who had been forced from i'Emilia by fidiermen of Corinth 
The following acroftic is the argument to the Me/isecbmi of Plautos 
Dclph. Edit. p. 654. 

Mercator Siculus, cu'i erant gemtn'i fUl, 

Ei, fmrrepto alteroy mors obt'tgit, 

NomiH Jurreptitii iUi indit qui domi efi 

Avut paternust facit Mcnachmum Soficlem. 

Et is germanum, p§ftquam ado/evit, qu^ritat 

Circum omnes oras. Poft Epidamnum devenit t 

Hicfuerat auiius ille furreptitius. 

Menachmum civem credunt omnes advenam : 

Eumque appellant, meretrix, uxor, et focer* 

life cognofcunt fratrei pojiremh invicem, 
'f he tranfiator, W, W. calls the brothers, Menxchmus Sefieln, an 
Mengecbmus the traveller. Whencefoever Sbakjpeare adopted erratics 
ind furreptus (which either he or his editors have miffpelt) did 
diftin^ion:i were foon dropt, and throughout the reft of the entries xh 
twins are fty led of Syacuje or Epbi/ut* Stiivkns* 



A Hall in the Dulcet Palace. 

Enter Duke, ^geon. Jailer, Officers, and other 

Mge. Proceed, Solinus, to procure my fall. 
And, by the doom of death, end woes and all. 

Duke. Merchant of Syracufa, plead no more ; 
I am not partial, to infringe our laws : 
The enmity and difcord, which of late 
Sprang from the rancorous outrage of your duke 
To merchants, our well-dealing countrymen, — 
Who, wanting gilders to redeem their lives, 

■ Shakfpeare certainly took the general plan of this comedy from a 
trtoflation of the Memtchmi of Plautus, by W. W. i. e. (according to 
Wood) WiUiam Warner, in 1595, whofc verfion of the acroftical ar- 
COlMgK fkndy quoted, is as follows : 

•' Two twinne- borne fonnes a Sicill marchant had, 
'< Menecbmus one, and Solides the other \ 

« The firft his father loft, a little lad ; 
'< The grandfire namde the latter like his brother ! 

" This (growne a man) Jong travell tookc to feeke 
" His brother, and to Epidamnum came, 

" Where th* other dwelt inricht, and him fo like, 
*< That citizens there take him for the fame : 

*< Father, wife, neighbours, each miilaking either^ , 
" Much pleafant error, ere they meete togither.*' 
Perhaps the lad of thefe lines fuggcded to Shakfpeare the title for his 
piece.— Sec this translation of the Mengtcbmif among Six old Playt 
9H vfbicb Shakfpeare founded^ &c. publifhed by S. Leacroft, Charing- 
Crofs. Stikvins. 

I fufped this and all other plays where much rhime is ufed, and efpe« 
cially in long hobbling verfcs, to have been among Shakfpeare's more 
early produ^iont. Blackstone. 

This comedy, I believe, was writt<*n in 1593. See jin Attempt f 
tfcertfin tbt 9rder of Slakfpcare s P-'ayst Vol • I. M a l n « . 

K 4 Have 

i3« comedV of errors. 

Have feal'd his rigoraus (Ututes with their bloods^^t^ 

Excludes all pity from our threat*ning looks. 

For, fince the mortal aud intefline jars 

*Twixt thy feditious countrymen and us. 

It hath in folemn fynods been decreed. 

Both by the Syracufans and ourfelves. 

To admit no traffick to our adverfe towss ? 

Nay, more. 

If any, born at Ephefus, be fecn 

At any Syracufan marts and fairs. 

Again, If any, Syracufan born. 

Come to the bay of Ephefua, he dies. 

His goods confiicate to the duke's difpofe ; 

Unlefs a thoufand marks be levied. 

To quit the penalty, and to ranfom him!.. 

Thy fubilance, valued at the higheft rate. 

Cannot amount unto a hundred marks ; 

Therefore, by law thou art condemned to die. 
^ge. Yet this my comfort ; when your words are dw^ 

My woes end likewife with the evening fun. 

Duke. Well, Syracufan, fay, in brief, the Cftufe 
Why thou departedft from thy native home ; 
And for what caufe thou cam'ft to Ephefus. 

^ge. A heavier tafk could not have been iillpQ|.*4|^ 
Than I to fpeak my griefs unfpeakable : 
Yet, that the world may witnefs, that my end 
Was wrought by nature, not by vile offence *, 
I'll utter what my forrow gives me leave. 
In Syracufa was I born ; and wed 
Unto a woman, happy but for me. 
And by me too ^, had not our hap been bad.r 
With her I liv'd in joy ; our wealth increas'd^ 
By profperous voyages I often made 
To Epidamnum, till my fadlor's death ; 

* — hy nature f not by vile offence,] Not by any criminal aft, but by m* 
titral affeSilon, which prompted me to feck, my Ton at Ephefus. Malomi. 

I And by me tooy— ] ToOf which is not found In the original copyi 
was added by the editor of the fecond folioi to complete the metre. 


< And 


iod lie» great care of 2oods at random leftS 
^rew me from kind embracements of my fpouTe : 
rom whom my abfence was not fix montiis old* 
tfore herfelf (almofl at fainting^ under 
he pleafing puniihment that women bear«) 
ad made proviiion for her following me, 
ad ibon, and hk, arrived where Iwaa. 
Iiere had (he not been long, but fhe became 
joyfbl mother of two goc^y fons ; r 

id, which was ftrange, the one fb like the other^ 
I could not be di^oguiih'd but by names, 
lat very hour, and m the felf-fame inn, 
poor mean woman ' was delivered 
r fuch a burden, male twins, both alike : 
liofe, for their parents were exceeding jpoor^ 
NMight, and brought up to attend my ions. 
y wife, not meanly proud of two fuch boysj 
ade daily motions for our home return : 
iwilling I agreed ; alas, too foon. 
e came aboard : 

league from Epidamnum had we fail'd^ 
fore the always -wind-obeying deep 
ive any tragick inflance of our harm : 
it longer did we not retain much hojpe ; 
V what obfcured light the heavens did grant 
:d but convey unto our fearful minds 
doabtfU warrant of immediate death ; 
hich, though myfelf would gladly have embrac'd, 
it the inceffant weepings of my wife, 
eeping before for what fhe faw mud come, 
id piteous plainings of the pretty babes, 
lat mourn 'd for fsmiion, ignorant what to fear, 

^ All hCf greMt cart ofgoodi at random fe/t,] Surely we ihould read s 

And the great care of goods at random left 

Drew me. Sec, 
rbe text, u exhibited in the old copy, can fcarcely be reconciled t» 
nmar. Malomi. 

jS poor Mean woman—] Poor is not in the original copy. It was 
rted lor the fake of the metre by the editor of the fecond folio. 




Forc'd me to feek delays for them and me. 
And this it was, — for other means was none.-* 
The failors fought for fafety by our boat. 
And left the fhip, then finKing-ripe> to us : 
My wife, more careful for the latter-born. 
Had faften'd him unto a fmall fpare maft. 
Such as fea-faring men provide for ilorms ; 
To liim one of the other twins was bound, 
Whilft I had been like heedful of the other. 
The children thus dilpos'd, my wife and I, 
Fixing our eyes on whom our care was fix'd, 
Faften'd ourfclves at either end the mail ; 
And floating flraight, obedient to the ilream. 
Were carry' d towards Corinth, as we thoughts 
At length the fun, gazing upon the earth, 
Difpers'd thofe vapours that offended us ; 
And, by the benefit of his wifh'd light. 
The feas wax'd calm, and we difcovered 
Two fhips from far making amain to us. 
Of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this : 
But ere they came, — O, let me fay no more ! 
Gather the fequel by that went before. 

Duke. Nay, forward, old man, do not break off lb; 
For we may pity, though not pardon thee. 

^ge. O, had the gods done fo, I had not now 
Worthily term'd them mercilefs to us ! 
For, ere the (hips could meet by twice five leagues. 
We were encounter'd by a mighty rock ; 
Which being violently borne upon ^, 
Our helpful fhip was fplitted in the midft> 
So that, in this unjuil divorce of us. 
Fortune had left to both of us alike 
What to delight in, what to forrow for. 
Her part, poor foul I feeming as burdened 
With leffer weight, but not with leffer woe. 
Was carried with more fpeed before the wind ; 
And in our fight they three were taken up 

* —^omr upon,] The original copy reads— -borne ar^. The k 
^onal fylUblc wat liipplied by the editor of the fecond folio* Malo 


bermen of Corinth, as we thoaght. 
neth, another fhip had feiz'd on us ; 
uiowing whom it was their hap to fave, 
hclpfiil welcome ^ to their (hipwreck'd guefts ; 
vould have reft the fifhers of their prey, 
lot their bark been very flow of fail, 
herefore homeward did they bend their Gourfe.— * 
have you heard me fever'd from my blifs ; 
by misfortunes was my life prolonged, 
U fad ftories of my own miihaps. 
(r. And, for the fake of diem thou forrowef^ for, 
e the favour to dilate at fiiU 
hath befall'n of them, and thee*, till now. 
f#. My youneeft boy, and yet my eldcft care, 
zhteen years oecame inquiHtive 
his brother ; and imp6rtun'd me. 
Us attendant, (for his cafe was like ^, 
if his brother, but retain'd his name,) 
t bear him company in the queil of him : 
1 whilft I laboured of a love to fee, 
arded the lofs of whom I lov'd. 
ommers have I fpent in fartheft Gretcc, 
ling clean through ' the bounds of Afia, 
ooaftiM homeward, came to Ephefus ; 
lefs to mid, yet loth to leave unfought^ • 

zt, or anyplace that harbours men. 
ere mnft end the ftory of my life ; 
lappy were I in my timely death, 
I ail my travels warrant me they live. 
h. Haplefs ^geon, whom the fates have markM 
:ar the extremity of dire mifhap ! 

9ve helpful w^/r«Me— 1 Old Copy— i&«a/r^/W/ welcome. Corre^Ui 
:ditorof the fecond foho.i— So, in K, Henry IP"* P. I. 
•* And gave the tongue a belfful welcome,'^ Malokx. 

• axd thee, till noTv,] The firft copy erroneoufly reads«.«and 
Thecorre^on was made in the fecond folio. Malowx* 

• for bis eafe was /i><^— ] The original copy has— -To his. The 
itioo was made by the editor of the fecond folio. Malonx. 

• clean tbrouib-^"] In the northern parts of England this word 
kd infiead of ^uite, fully ^ ftrftSilj^ ctmfUuljf* STxaviNs. 



N0W9 trufl me, were it not againft our laws, 

Againft my crown, my oath, my dignity. 

Which princes, would they, may not diiannol^ 

My foul (hould fue as advocate for thee. 

But, though thou art adjudged to the death. 

And pafTed fentence may not be recali'd. 

But to our honour's great diiparagementf 

Yet will I favour thee in what I can : 

Therefore, merchant. Til limit thee this day. 

To feek thy help * by beneficial help : 

Try all the friends thou haft in Ephefus ; 

Beg thou, or borrow, to make up the fum. 

And live ; if not ^, then thou art doom'd to die >* 

Jailer, take him to thy cuftody. 

Jail. I will, my lord. 

jEge. Hopelefs, andhclplefs, doth ^geon wend % 
But to procraltinate liis lifelefs end. [Sxmti* 

SCENE 11. 

A publick Place, 

Enter Antipholus and DaoMio of Sjracufi, ni^ 

Mer. Therefore, give out, yoa are of £{Hdanam, 
li %:t that your goods too foon be confifcate. 
This very day, a Syracufan merchant 
Is apprehended for arrival here ; 
And, not being able to buy out his life. 
According to the ftatute of the town. 
Dies ere the weary fun fet in the weft. 
There is your money that I had to keep. 

Ant. S. Go bear it to the Centaur, where we hoft. 
And ftay there, Dromio, till I come to thee. 
Within this hour it will be dinner time : 

* ^fl^/""* thy help—] Mr. Pope and fomc other moden edlttrt 
read — To feck thy life &c. But the jingle has much of Shak(pMrt'i 
manner. Malonk. 

3 .— i/not,1 Old Copjr— 1*0. Corxe£(ed in the fecoiid folk)* MALOKt. 

4 «»w««J,j i, c. go. Aq ohfolete word. Stsetxki* 



that, I'll view the manners of the town, 

fe the traders, gaze upon the buildings, 

then return, and fleep within mine inn ; 

Arith long travel I am iliff and weary. 

thee away. 

r§, S. Many a man would take you at your word, 

goindeed, havinefo good a mean. [Exit Dao. s. 

r/. $. A trufty villain, iir ; that very oft, 

n I am dull with care and melancholy, 

tens my humour with his merry jelb. 

t, will you walk with me about the town, 

then go to my inn, and dine with me ? 

irr. I am invited, fir, to certain merchants, 

^hcmi I hope to make much benefit ; 

ive your pardon. Soon, at five o'clock, 

fe you, I'll meet with you upon the mart, 

afterwards confort you till bed-time ' ; 

prefent bu/inefs calls me from you now. 

f/. S. Farewell till then : I will go lofe myfelf, 

wander up and down to view the city. 

irr. Sir, I commend you to your own content. 

[Exit Merchant. 
f/. S, He that commends me to mine own content, ^ 
imcnds me to the thing I cannot get. 
the world am like a drop of water, 
t in the ocean fecks another drop ; 
>, falling there to find his fellow forth, 
«n, inquifitive, confi:>unds himfelf : 
, to find a mother, and a brother, 
\ie& of them, unhappy, lofe myfelf. 

Enter Dromio 0/ Ephefus. 
t comes the almanack of my true date.— 
It now ? How chance, thou art return'd fo foon ? 
r0. E. Return'd fofoon ! rather approach'd too late ! 

"Ud afttrwardi confort you t'lU htd'tmt\\ We ihould read, I 


*• And afterwards confort with you till bed*time.** 
in Komto and Juliet : 
« Mercutio, thou conforrfi vfitb Romeo*^* Maloki. 



The capon burns, the pig falls from the fpit ; 
The clock hath ttrucken twelve upon the dcII, 
My miftrefs made it one upon my cheek : 
She is To hot, becaufe the meat is cold ; 
The meat is cold, becaufe you come not home ; 
You come not home> becaufe you have no ftomach $ 
You have no ftoraach, having broke your faft ; 
But we, that know what 'tis to faft and pray> 
Are penitent for your default to-day. 

Jat, S. Stop in your wind, fir; tell me this, Ipnjf 
Where have you left the money that I gave you ? 

Dro. £, O,— fixpcnce, that I had o^Wedncfday laft. 
To pay the fadler for my miflrefs' crupper ; — 
The fadler had it, fir, I kept it not. 

J»t. ^. I am not in a fportive humour now: 
Tell me, and dally not, where is the money ? 
We being ftrangers here, how dar'ft thou truft 
So great a charge from thine own cuflody ? 

Dro. E. J pray you, jefl, fir, as you fit at dinner : 
I from my miilrefs come to you in poft ; 
If I return, I (hall be poft indeed*^ 
For fl)c will fcore your fault upon my pate. 
Mcchiuks, your maw, like mine, fhodd ht yoar docket 
And ftrike you home without a mefienger. 

Jnt. S, Come, Dromto, come, thefe jefts areout of feafimi 
Referve them till a merrier hour than this : 
Where is the gold I gave in charge to thee ? 

Dro, E, To me, fir ? why you gave no gold to me* 

jint. S, Come on, fir knave, have done your fboliihne&» 
• And tell me how thou haft difpos*d thy charge. 

• J fi^ll be poft indeed y 

Forjhe will for: your fault upon wuf fstt.] Perhaps, befott 
writing was a general accompli/hment, a kind of rough reckooii|[ 
concerning wares ifiucd out of a fliop was kept by chalk or notches oo t 
■fojf, till it could be entered on the books of a trader. So Kitilf ^ 
m.rdiant making his jealous enquiries concerning Uie funiliaritiet 
MU'd to his wife, Coh anfwcrs : •« — if I faw any body to be kifsM, un- 
lels they would h.ivc kils'd thc^c^inthe middle of the warehoufes 
&c.** Steevzns. 

7 — yjur clock,] The old copy read*— your fppjk. Mr» Pope oiade 
the change. MAtoNt. 

Dro. E. 


Dr§. E. My charge was but to fetch you from the mart 
Flome to your houfe^ the Phcenix, fir^ to dinner ; 
Vfy miftrefs, and her filler, day for you. 

Jfii. S. Now^ as I am a chriftian, anfwer me» 
n what fafe place you have difpos'd my money ; 
)r I ihall break that merry fconce • of yours, 
i'hat ftands on tricks when I am undifpoTd : 
Yhcre is the thoufand marks thou had' ft of me ? 

Dr», E, I have fome marks of yours upon my pate, 
omeofmy miftrefs' marks upon my fhoulders, 
iOt not a thoufand marks between you both.-* 
n ihould pay your worihip thofe again, 
'erchance, you will not bear them patiently. 

Ant, S, Thy miftrefs' marks I what miftrefs, flave, haft 

Dro. E, Your worftiip's wife, my mlftrefs at the 
Phcenix ; 
>he that doth fail, till you come home to dinner, 
^nd pray», that you will hie you home to dinner. 

J/tt, S. What, wilt thou fiout me thus unto my face, 
Beiog forbid ? There, take you that, fir knave. 

Dro.E, What mean you, fir? for God's fake, hold 
your hands ; 
Say, an you will not fir, I'll take my heels. 

[Exit D ROM 10, !• 

/»/. S. Upon my life, by fome device or other, 
fhc villain is o'er-rau^ht » of all my money, 
rhcy fay, this town is hill of cozenage * ; 
^s, nimble jugglers, that deceive the eve. 
Dark-working Ibrccrers, that change the mind, 
Soul-killing witches, that deform the body ^; 


• •. that merry fconce—] Sconce i a bead, Stuviks. 
9 — «Vr-rtf*jf/>f— ] Thzt IS, over-reached. Johnson. 

> Tbiyfay, this town ii full of cozenage i] This was the charader 
be ancients give of it. Hence 'E^rid-iA aXt^Kpa^fAatun was proverbial 
moogft them. Thus Menander ufes it, and ^E^teria yfdfjLfjiulaf lathe 
tme fcnfe. Warburton 

* jls, nimble jugglers, that deceive the eye. 
Dark- working forcerers, that change the mind, 

Soul-kiiling witches^ that deform the bcdy ^ ] Perhap« the epithets 



Difguifed cheaters, prating mountebanks. 

And many fuch like liberties of fm ^ : 

If it prove fo, I will be gone the fooner. 

I'll to the Centaur, to go fcek this flave ; 

I greatly fear, my money is not fafe. [Exit* 

A C T IL S C E N E I. 

A publick Place. 
Enter Adrian a and Luciana* 

Ailr. Neither my hufband, nor the flave retorn'dt 
That in fuch hafte I fent to feek his mailer ! 
Sure, Luciana, it is two o'clock. 

Luc, Perhaps, fome merchant hath invited iiim. 
And from the mart he's fomewhere gone to dinner* 
Good fifter, let us dine, and never &et : 
A man is matter of his liberty : 
Time is their mailer ; and, when they fee time. 
They'll go, or come'^ If fo, be patient, filler* 

have been mifplaced, and the lines fliould be read thai s 
Soul killing /or^^rm, that change the mnd^ 
Dark-working wrtebety that deform the body ; 
7hi8 change feems to remove all difficulties.*— By ybv/-liiKir|f I oodtf* 
iland deftroying the rational faculties by fuch means as make meoflO^ 
themfclves bea^s. Johnsok. 

Witches or forcerers themfelves, as well as thofe who employed tlK*! 
vrerc fuppofcd to forfeit their fouls by making ufe of a forbidden afCflCf* 
In that fenfe, they may be faid to dcftroy the fouls of others as welllf 
their own. I believe Dr. Johnfon has done as much as was necefifaxy tf 
remove all difficulty from the paffagc. 

The hint for this enumeration of cheats, &c. Shakfpeare recetni 
from the old tranflation of the Menachmif 1595. <* For this aftl? 
yourfclfe, this townc Epidamnum is a place o( outrageous expences, a- 
cecding in all ryot and lafcivioufnefTe ; and (I heare) as full of ribaaMl» 
parafites, drunkards, catchpolcs cony-catchers, and fycophants, tt it 
can hold : then for curti-zans, &c." Steevens. ' 

3 — liberties o//n:] Sir T. Ha nmer reads, /i^fr/iirei, which»aate 
author has beea enumerating not a^ but perfons, fccxns right. 




. Why ihoald their liberty than ours be more ? 

Becaofe their bufinefs ftill lies out o' door. 
, Look» when I ferve him fo, he takes it ill ^. 

O, know, he is the bridle of your will. 

There's none, but afles, will be bridled (b. 

Why head-ftrong liberty is lafh'd with woe *• 
8 nothing, fituate under heaven's eye, 
th his bound, in earth, in Tea, in iky : 
rafts, the fiihes, and the winged fowls, 
eir males' fubje^, and at their controls : 
more divine, the mafters of all thcfe *, 
of the wide world, and wild watry feas, 
I with intellc£lual fenfe and fouls, 
ure pre-eminence than fifh and fowls, 
afters to their females, and their lords : 
let your will attend on their accords. 

This fendtude makes you to keep unwed. 

Not this, but troubles of the marriage -bed. 

But, were you wedded, you would bear ibme fway. 

Ere I learn love, I'll pradife to obey. 

How if your hulband itart fome other where ^ ? 

Till he come home again, I would forbear. 
. Patience, unmov'-d, no marvel though flie paufe ^; 
ran be meek, that have no other caii^. 
tched foul, bruis'd with adverfity, 
1 be quiet, when we hear it cry ; 

ff.l This word, which the rhime fcems to conntenance, was fur- 
r tne editor of the fecond folio. The firft has— ^/>vi. Malon c» 
• Tintr^s noMfjitt.afes, %uUl be bridUdfo, 
. IFiy btad-firong liberty is lafh'd with woe.] The meaning 
afliige may bb, that thule who refufe the bridJe mufl bear th« 
that woe is the punishment of head-ftrong liberty. .STttvsNt* 
n^'-ite mafters &e.] The old copy hat A^n — the majicr Sec, 
ic next line — L^rJ, Correfked by Sir T. Hanmer. Malon 1. 
\mrtfom* other where ?] I fufpe^i that vfbere has here the powet 
*• So, in K'.l>ear t 

** Thou lofeft berey.ii better tvkere to find.'* 
e IS, Howt if yur bujbcndfiy off in pmrfuh of fome other w^» 
> again, p. 149 : « — hit eye doth homage otkv^beri*"* 
vbtro fignifie^— f ir ^thtr plgttu S t c e y je n •• 
htpmmfe j] To fsafe it vo reft, lobe in quiec. Johnson* 

.II. '^ ' L But 


But were we burdened with like weight of pain. 
As much^ or more, we ihould ourfelves complain Zr 
So thou> that haft no unkind mate to grieve thee. 
With urging helplefs patience* wouid'ft relieve mc ;^ 
But, if thou live to fee like right bereft. 
This fbol-begg'd * patience in thee will be left. 

Luc, Well, I will marry one day, but to trj- ;•— 
Here comes your man, now is your huft>and nigh* 

Enter Dromio of Ephefus. 

J^r. Say, is your tardy mailer now at hand ? 

Dro, E, Nay, he is at two hands with me, and duttmy 
two ears can witnefs. 

Aiir. Say, didft thou fpeak with him ? Know*ft thoo 
his mind ? 

Dro, E. Ay, ay, he told his mind ujpon mine ear: 
Befhrew his hand, I fcarcc could undernand it. 

Luc, Spake he fo doubtfully, thou icoddft not fttl luV 
meaning ? 

Dro, E. Nay, he ftruck fo plainly, I conld too well 
feel his blows ; and withal fo doubtftlly, that I coold 
fcarce underftand them ^. 

Mr, But fay, I pr'ythee, is he coming home ? 
It feems, he hath great care to pleafe his wife. 

Dro, E, Why, miftrefs, fure my mafter is horn-mad* 

Jdr, Horn -mad, thou villain ? 

Dro. E, I mean not cuckold-mad; butj fore, he'sftark 
When I defir'd him to come home to dinner, 

• H'^ttb urging helplefs patknci^ By evborting mc to ftlkac^ 
which affbrJt no help. So, in our auChor*s fVsvi and Adcmu : 

« As thofe poor birds that helpleft berries faw.** MAt«ifB« 

• -— /o«A^m*^— ] She feems to meaiiy hj fioi'hegg^d fdtimtu, ** 
patitnte which Is fo near to idioHtal flmptttityy that yo«r ncit rshtiaB 
would take advantage from it to reprefent you at t/M/i andiif thi 
guardlanfliip of your fortune. Jornsoh. 

< -^ that I could fcarce undtrttsknd rbern'] ue* that I cooM kmm 
ftand under them. This quibble, poor as4t is> ftemt to htte hiui ^M 
favourite of Shakfjietre* It has been alfcady tntrodoccd ia tilt 1W 
Centlmim of Veronal << — »my ibft'HvudSn^tfwi^mc^** STSVTVfft. 



^c afk*d me fixr a thoufand marks in gold ' : 
Tts Mnuer'timtf quoth I : My gold, quoth he : 
^our meat doth burn, quoth I ; Mj goldy quoth he : 
ViUyou coau hoMi, quoth I ^ ? My fold, quoth he : 
^Jbere is the tbotUand marks I ga^ve tbee, 'villain ? 
be fig, quoth I, // burned ; My gold, quoth he ; 
ly mtfire/s, Jir, quoth I ; Hang up thy miftrefs ; 
knomu not thy miftrefs \ out on thy miftrefs ! 

Lmc. Quoth who ? 

Dro. E, Quoth iny mailer : 

knonv, quoth he, no houfe, no 'U'/fe, no miftrefs ;— 

that my errand^ due unto my tongue, 

thank him, I bare home upon my moulders ; 

or, in condufion, he did beat me there. 

Adr. Go back again, thou flave, and fetch him home. 

Dr*. E. Go back again, and be new beaten home ? 
or God's fak;, fend fome other meffenger. 

Adr. Back, flave, or I will break thy pate acrofs. 

I>r9^ £, And he will blefs that crofs with other beating : 
between yoa I (hall have a holy head. 

Jdr. Hence, prating peafant ; fetch thy mafter home. 

Dro. E. Am I fo round with yon, as vou with me * , 
rhat like a fbot-ball you do fpurn me thus ? 
^oa fporn me hence, and he will fpurn me hither : 
f I lu in thu fervice, you mull cafe me in leather ^. 


Luc. Fye, how impatience lowreth in your fecc I 

Jdr. His company muft do his minions grace, 
Wlft I at home ftarve for a merry look, 
iath homely age the alluring beauty took 

> «^« choufud marks 'm gtU ;] The old copy reads— t bmwtbrei 
Iski. The corredion was made in the fecond tblio. Maloks. 

* —Wfl/ jffli eoMM heme, ^uotb I fi The word horn*, which the 
Mre icquires, but 1$ Ji4t in the aothentick copy of thii play, was 
hodbdbyMr.CftfbU. Malonx. 

' Am I fa Rwad vtkb fu, styou wltb mt^] He plays upon the word 
nmdf whkh fig oified j^btiicMl applied to hiinfelf» and unrefirthud, or 
mmffmeb or aShn, fpoken of hii miftrefs. So the king, in Ham- 
h Udi the quflea be rmad with her fon. Jorn son . 

4 mmcsfo m in leather,] Still alluding to a football, the bUdder «f 
Uch U aiw/|t cofcud with leather. Stss? em. 

L 2 From 


From my poor check ? then he hath wafted it : 
Are my difcourfes dull ? barren my wit ? 
If voluble and iharp difcourfe be marr'd, 
Unkindnefs blunts it, more than marble hard. 
Do their gay veftments his affedions bait ? 
That's not my fault, he's maftcr of my ftatc : 
What ruins are in me, that can be found 
By him not ruin'd ? then is he the ground 
Of my defeatures ' : My decayed fair * 
A funny look of his would foon repair : 
But, too unruly deer ^, he breaks the pale. 
And feeds from home ; poor I am- but his ftalc*. 


^ Of my defeatures :] By defeat uret is here metnt Mlttrttkn tfft*' 
tuns. At the end of this play the fame word is uied with a fomewbac 
different iignification. Stxevens. 

6 — My decayed fair'] Shalcfpeare ufcs the adje£ETe ^i/i, as i f^^' 
ftantive, for what is gitty and in thisinftance fair for fatmefi. T}f^ \ 
ma\n, is a 0miUr ezpreflion. In the Midfmmmer Nifrhft bremn^ 
old quartos read : ' 

<* Demetrius loves your fair."^ 
Again, in Sbak/peare's 6%tb Sonnet : 

« Before thcfe baitard figns offairirtte bom.** 
Again, in the 83^/ Sonnet: 

" And therefore to your^^ir no paindng fet.** STiit«»»'* 
Fair is frequently ufed fubftantively by the writers of Shlkfpcirt'* 
time. So Mardon, in one of his fatires : 

<* As the grcene meads, whofe native outward y«iV* 

" Breathes fweet perfumes into the neighbour aTr." Faimi«» 

7 But, to9 unruly deer,] The ambiguity of deer and dear is boirowtdf 
poor as it is, by Waller, in his poem on a Udy*8 GirdU : 

** This was my heaven's extremeft fphere, 
«< The pale that held my lovely eleer,** John son. 
Shalcfpeare has played upon this word in the fame manner » ^ 
Venus and Adonis : 

** Fondling, faith flie, (ince I have hemm*d thee here, 

" Within the circuit of this ivory prnte^ 
** ril be thy park, and thou flialt be my ditr^ 

<* Feed where thou wilt, on mountain or on dale.** 
The lines of Waller feem to have been immediately copied from theft. 


9 ^^pooT I am hut bitftale,] " Stale to catch thefe thieves }** m tbM 
^empefi, undoubtedly means li fraudulent bait* Hexe it feems to implf 
the fame sa Jlalking'borfe, pretence* I am, fayt Adriana, but iMfff 



;r. Self-harminj^ jealoufy ! — fye, beat it hence, 
^r. Unfeeling fools can with mch wrongs difpenfe. 
)w his eye doth homage otherwhere ; 
£e, what lets it but he would be here ? 
, you know, he promis'd me a chain ;— « 
d that alone alone he would detain ^, 

would keep fair quarter with his bed I 

the jewel, bed enamelled, 
Ic^e his beauty ; and though gold 'bides ftiU, 
others touch, yet often touching will 

eold : and no man, that hath a name, 
aUhood and corruption doth it ihame '. 
: chat my beauty cannot pleafe his eye, ^ 

recv what's left away, and weeping die. > 

r. How many fond fools ferve mad jeakmfy ! j 


wifif the nnik under which he coarcrs his affioun* So^ in thft 

ttfU 0/ Arthur^ 1 587 : 

'«« Was I then chofc and wedded for KnJIale, • 

M To looke and ga|>e for his retirelefs uyles 

.•• Paft back and flittering fpread to every windc ?" 

> in the old tranilation of the Mtn^ebmt of Plautus, 15951 from 

e Shakfpeare borrowed the expreflion : « He makes me a fitk 

laiighia|-ftock.** St z evens. 

knft^sk may here have the fame meaning as the French word 

•M. Pmr I am but the cover fcr bis infidelity* Collins. 

^mUtkmt alone alone be would detain,} The firft copy reads : 

WouU that alone aiJsve Sec. 
oficAiofi was made in the fccond folio. Ma lone. 
Av, tbi jnuelf beft enamel led f 
nff hfe bis beauty \ and though gold * bides JUll^ 
'bat Ptbers toucb, yet of:en tcucking will 
(Tear gold: and m man, tbat bat-b a name, 

\}itfalfo*od and corruption dctb itjlame*] This pafl*age in the orl- 
:opy is very corrupt. It reads—- 

yet tbe gold 'bides ftill 

That others touch ; and often touching will 

JVkere gold \ and no man, that hath a name 

hy falHiood &c. 
; word tbougb was fuggeded by Mr. Steevens ; all the other 
ations by Mr. Pope and Dr. Warburton. Wear is ufed as adif- 
e« The commentator lait mentioned, not perceiving this, reads 
/» no man &c. which ha« been followed, I think improperly, by 
^fequcnc editors. Ma lone. 



S C E N E II. 

The fame n 
Enter Antipholus^ Syracafe. 

Ant, S. The gold, I gave to Dromio, is laid up 
Safe at the Centaur ; and the heedful (lave 
Is wander'd forth^ in care to feek me out. 
By computation^ and mine hofl*s report. 
I could not fpeak with Dromio» fince at firft 
I fent him from the mart : See, here he comes. 

Enter D r o m i o of Syracufe. 
How now, fir ? is your merry humour alter'd ? 
As you love (bokes, fo jefl with me again. 
You know no Centaur ? You received no gold ? 
Your millrefs fent to have me home to dinner ? 
My houfe was at the Phcenix ? Waft thou mad. 
That thus fo madly thou didft anfwer me ? 

Dro. S. What anfwer, fir ? when fpakc I fuch a word? 

Ant. S. Even now, even here, not naif an hour fincc. 

Dro. S, I did not fee you fince you fent me hence. 
Home to the Centaur, with the gold you gave me. 

Ant.S. Villain, thou didft deny the gold's receipt; 
And told'ft me of a miftrefs, and a dinner ; 
For which, I hope, thou felt'ft I was difpleas'd. 

Dro. ^. I am glad to fee you in this merry vein : 
What means this jeft ? I pray you, mailer, tell me. 

Ant, S. Yea, doft thou jeer, and flout me in the teeth' 
Think'ft thou, I jeft ? Hold, take thou that, and that. 

[^htafing hi*' 

Dro, S. Hold, fir, for God's fake : now your jeft i* 
earneft : 
Upon what bargain do you give it me ? 

Ant. S, Becaufe that I familiarly fometimes 
Do ufe you for my fool, and chat with you. 
Your fawcinefs will jeft upon my love. 
And make a common of my ferious hours *• 

* And make a common of my ferious bours,'\ i. e. intrude on th**^ 
when you pleafe. The allu/ion is to thofe tra^s of ground dcftined CO 
mmm^n ufe, which arc thence called ctmrnem, Stsstsmi* 



V"\'hen the fun fhinc^, let fooliili P,naL^ make iport, 
I^ut keep in crannies, when he hides his beams. 
If you will jeft with me, know my sSpc6t, 
And faihion your demeanour to my looks^ 
Or I will beat this method in your fconce, 

Dro. S. Sconce, call you it ? fo yon would leave bat* 
tering^ I had rather have it a head : an you u(e thefe 
blows long, I mufl get a fconce for m^ head, and in- 
fconce it too' ; or elie I fhall feek my wit in my fhoul- 
ders. Bat, I pray, iir, why am I beaten ? 

j^jv/. S. Doft thou not know ? 

J)ro. S. Nothing, fir; but that I am beaten. 

jimt, S. Shall I tell you why ? 

Drc. S. Ay, fir, and wherefore ; for, they fay, every 
why hath a wherefore. 

jfmt.S. Why, firfl/-— for flouting me ; and then, where- 
ibrey Por urgine it the fecond time to me. 

^r». S, Was there ever any man thus beaten out of 
Whea, in the why^ and the wherefore, is neither rhime 

nor reafon ?— 
Well, fir, I thank you. 

Jmt.S. Thank me, fir ? for what ? 

Dn, S. Marry, fir, for this fomething that you gave 
xne for nothing. 

Aut.S. I'll make you amends next^, to give you nothing 
ior fomething. But fay, fir, is it dinner-time ? 

Dro. S. No, fir; I think, the meat wants that I haye« 

Ant. S. In good time, iir, what's that ? 

Dre. S. Bailing. 

Jtit.S. Well, fir, then 'twill be dry. 

J)ro. 5. If it be, fir, pray you eat none of it. 

Jnt* S. Your reafon ? 

Dro. S. Left it make you cholerick ', and purchafe me 

} . » and i nfconce 1 1] A feonce was a petty fortification . Stisvsni. 
4 — >0ex/,] Our author probably wrote— -next /inf. Malons. 
s Xffi it makejeu cholerick, &c.j So, in the Taming e/tte Sbrtw : 
' <* I tell thee Kate, 'twai burnt and dryM away, 
*< And I exprefsly am forbid to touch it, 
:'< Jor it cngendery chi>Ier, planteth aDgcr, &c/* Stkitins* 
' L 4 another 


another dry-bafting. 

Jnt, S, Well, fir, learn to jeft in good time : There's z 
time for all things. 

Dro. S. I durft have deny'd that^ before you were fo 

Jnt.S. By what rule, fir? 

Dro. S. Marry, fir, by a rule a$ plain as the plain 
bald pate of father Time himfelf. 

Jnt, S. Let's hear it. 

Dro, S. There's no time for a man to recover his hair, 
that grows bald by nature. 

Jnt. S.. May he not do it by fine and recovery ? 

Dro. S. Yes, to pay a fine for a peruke^ and recover 
the loft hair of another man. 

Jnt. S, Why is Time fuch a niggard of hair^ being, as 
it is, fo plentiful an excrement? 

Dro, S, Becaufe it is a bleiling that he beflows (m 
beafts : and what he hath fcanted men in hair *, he hath 
given them in wit. 

Jnt. S, Why, but there's many a man hath more hair 
than wit. 

Dro» S. Not a man of thofe, but he hath the wit to 
lofe his hair ^. 

jint, S. Why, thou didft conclude hairy men plain dealen 
without wit. 

Dro, S, The plainer dealer, the fooncr loft : Yet he 
lofeth it in a kind of jollity. 

^nt. S, For what reafon ? 

Dro. S, For two ; and found ones too, 

^nt. S, Nay, not found, I pray you, 

Dro, S, Sure ones then, 

« — and what be bath fcsnted men in hair A The old copy read^- 

ictnted them. The emendation is Mr. Theobald's The famt enorit 

found in the Induftion to K, Henry //'. p. II. edit, 1623 : 

" Stuffing the cars of tbem with falfc reports." Maloke. 

7 Not a man of thofe, but be bjth the noit to lofe bit hair,'} That it, 
nofe who have more hair than •wit, arc eafily entrapped by loofe wo- 
men, and fuft'er the confcquenccs of lewdnefs, one of which, in the 
£xft appearance of the difeafe in Surope, was the lofs of hair. 




jKt.S. Nay, not fure, in a thing failing •. 

Dro, S. Certain ones then. 

Jnt.S, Name them. 

Dro. S. The one, to fave the money that he fpends in 
tiring • ; the other, that at dinner they fliould not drop 
in his porridge. 

Jnt,S. You \\t)uld all this time have proved, there is 
no time ' for all things. 

Dro. S. Marry, and did, fir; namely, no time* to 
recover hair lofl by nature. 

jint. ^. But your reafon was not fubftantial, why there 
is no time to recover. 

Dro. S, Thus I mend it : Time himfelf is bald, and 
therefore, to the world's end, will have bald followers* 

jfftf. S. I knew, 'twould be a bald conclufion : 
But fbft ! who wafts us yonder ? 

.» % Enter Adkiak A an^ Lvci Alt A, 
Adr, Ay, ay, Antipholus, look ftrange, and frown ; 
Some other miflrefs hath thy fweet afpeds, 
I am not Adriana, nor thy wife. 
The time was once, when thou unurg'd would'ft vow 
That never words were mufick to thine ear ', 
That never objed pleafmg in thine eye. 
That never touch well -welcome to thy hand. 
That never meat fweet-favour'd in thy tafte, 

' '-falfing,'\ This word w now obfolcte. Spcnfcr and Chaucer 
often ttte the verb to falje. The author of the Revijal would read 

ft^iing, StE EVENS. 

9 '^tbat be fpends in tiring ;] The old copy reads — ^in trying. The 
<«ntdi#n was made by Mr. Pope. Malone. 

' <— there is no time'] The old copy reads— i>rrr is &c. The editor 
Af thefecond folio made the correction. Malone. 

*— w time &c.] The firft folio has—an no time &c. In was reje^ed 
^ the editor of the fecond folio. Perhaps the word fhould rather have 
^eeo corre^d. The author might have written— ^Vn no time, &c« 
Ut many ioftances of this corruption in a note on AlVs fFtll that endt 
WeD^ Aai. fc. i. Malone. 

^ ' TAo/ nevtr wrds were mufick to tbine ear,] Imitated by Pope !n 
Jib EfipUfrim Saptb% to Pbaon s 

« My muficK then you could for ever hear, 

<• Aad all my WQrdi vfcre mujck toyeur tar,** Maloj»i. 

• Unleft 


Unlefs I fpake, or look'd, or touch'd, or carv'd to thee 
How comes it now, my hufband, oh, how comes it. 
That thou art then cftranged from thyfelf ? 
jThyfelf I call it, being f&ange to me, 
TThat, undividable, incorporate. 
Am better than thy dear lelf's better part. 
Ah, do not tear away thyfelf from me ; 
For know, my love, as eafy may'ft thou fall* 
A drop of water in the breaking gulph. 
And take unmingled thence that drop again. 
Without addition, or diminifhing. 
As take from me thyfelf, and not me too. 
How dearly would it touch thee to the quick, 
Should'fl thov but hear I were licentious ? 
And that this body, confecrate to thee. 
By ruffian luft fhould be contaminate ? 
Would'fl thou not fpit at me, and fpum at m% 
And hurl the name of hufband in my face. 
And tear the ftain'd (kin off my harlot-brow» 
And from my falfe hand cut the wedding-ring. 
And break it with a deep-divorcing vow ? 
I know thou canfl ; and therefore, fee, thoo do it« 
J am poiTefs'd with an adulterate blot ; 
My blood is mingled with the crime of lull "* : 
For, if we two be one, and thou play falict 
I do digeft the poiibn of thy flclh. 
Being ftrumpeted ^ by thy contagion. 
Keep then fair league and truce with thy true bed $ 
I live dif-ftain'd', thou undifhonoured. 

Jnt, S. Plead you to me, fair dame ? I know you «Oti 
In Ephefus I am but two hours old. 
As ftrange unto your town, as to your talk; 

4 ^mmay'ft thou fall—] To fall U here a verb z€tiwc. $TSBTtlct. 

s — with the crime of luft :] Dr. Warburton read»-«>with d« 

2riOT^— . So again in this play : •« A man may go o?er flioes in tlw 

grime of it." Ma lone. 

* Being ftrumpeted — ] Shakfpeare is not lingular in his ufe of this 
•verb. So, in Heywood'5 Iron Age^ 1632 : 

** By this adultrcfs b2(c\y firumfeteJ,*^ Stkktxns* 

7 J/hr d.f ftain'd;] i.e. anfained^ und*fl<i% Thboaalp* 

s WK 


Who, every word by all my wit being fcann'd^ 
H^ant wit in all one word to underfbind. 
Luc. Fye> brother! how the world is changed with 
you : 
Wnben were you wont to ufe my filler thus ? 
She fent for you by Dromio home to dinner. 
Jnt. S, By Dromio ? 
Dro. S. By me ? 

Mr. By thee ; and this thou didfl return from him>— 
T*hat he did buffet thee, and, in his blows 
Denv'd my houTe for his, me for his wife. 

Jmi.S. Did you converfe, fir, with this j^entlewoman? 
What is the courfe and drift of your compad ? 
Dro. S. I, fir ? I never faw her till this time. 
jfM/. S. Villain, thou lieft ; for even her very words 
Didft thou deliver to me on the mart. 

Dro, S. I never fpake with her in all my life. 
Jnt. Sm How can (he thus then call us by our names, 
XJnIefs it be bv infpiration ? 

Mr. How ill agrees it with your gravity. 
To counterfeit thus grofly with your flave. 
Abetting him to thwart me in my mood ? 
Be it my wrong, you are from me exempt ', 
Bvt wnmg not that wrone with a more contempt. 
Come, I will fallen on this lleeve of thine : 
Thou art an elm, my hulband, I a vine ' ; 
Whofe weaknefs, marry'd to thy Uronger ftate ', 
Makes me with thy ftrength to communicate : 

* mm,yui an from mt exempt,] Exempt, fepanted, parted. The 
^U, If I mm dotmid tojuftr the wrong of f^aratioMt jfti hjur$ mH 
J ^y mttomft mi wb$ am already injured, Johnson* 
[ • Thorn art mm tlm, my bujband } / a vine ;] 
Lenta, qui, velat aiStaa 
Vitis implicat arborei, 
Implicabitur in tuum 
Complezum.** Catai. 57. 
Solfilton, Par. Loft. B. Vi 

*• — — They led the ?inc 
** To wed her elm. She fpous*d, about him twines 
'< Her marriageable arms.** Malonk. 
» — lh»iigerjf^fr,] Thc oW copy hn-^ranger. Contaed by Me. 
Mwe. Malomi. 



If aught pQiTefs thee from me, it is drofs, 
Ufurping ivy, briar, or idle mofs *; 
Who, all for want of pruning, with intrufion 
Infed thy Tap, and live on thy confufion. 

J at, S» To me fhe fpeaks ; (he moves me for her theme - 
What, was I marry'd to her in my dream ? 
Or deep I now, and think I hear all this ? 
What error drives our eyes and ear-s amifs ? 
llnlil 1 know this fure uncertainty, 
I'll entertain the offered fallacy '. 

Luc, Dromio, go bid the fexvants (pr^ad for <iinnef. 

Dro, S, O, for my beads ! I crofs me for a finner. 
This is the fairy land ; — O, fpight of flights !— 
We talk with goblins, owls ♦, and elvilh fprights ' ; 

2 -—idle mofs ;] 1. e. mofs that produces no fruit, but being vn/er- 
tile is ufclcfs. So, in Otbelio : — "antrcs vaft, and deferts i<//f." STlit* 

1 — //>r offered fallacy.] The old copy reads— «« tht freed fallacy." 
ThfC emendation was fuggefted by an anonymous correfpondent of Mr* 
Steevens. Mr. Pope reads, I think, with lefs probability,**— the £rMf''^ 
fallacy ; which has been followed by the fiibfequent editors. Maioki. 

4 U^e talk Kv'itb goblim, owls,—] It was an old popular fuperftitiooy 
that the fcrietch-owl fucked out the breath and blood of infants ifltbc 
cradle. On this account, the Italians caHed witches, who were ^ 
pofed to be in like manner mifchievouily bent agalnft children, fr^f 
fromJfriXf ihe fcrietcb-owL This fuperflition they derived from d^ 
pagan anceftors. See Ovid. Faft. Lib. vi. WARBtrRTON. 

Cbafily ovjls accompany elvi/h gbtjis in Spenjer^i Shepherd*! Cshif 
for June, So, in vSZ>*rrii»^^tfw's Difcerptatio <K Anglorum Gcntiip'|* 
ginc, p. 333. Lares, Lcmures, Stryges, Lamic, Manes (Gtihedifii) 
ct (imiles monftronim Greges, Elvarum Chorea dicebatur.** Much ^ 
fame is faid in OJaus Magnus de Gentlbus StpteRtrionatibus, f, lia,liS* 


(holt are alfo mentioned in Corrtucopitf, or TafyutVs Nigbtc^t ^ 
j9ntidotefor the Headachy 1623, ^. 38 : 

" Dreading no dingers o\ the darkfome night, 

<« No ouksy hobgoblins, ghofts, nor water- fpright." Stiit* 

OtvJs was changed by Mr. Theobald into oupbs ; and how, it is ob- 
jefted, /hould Shakfpeare know thitfiriges or fcrietch-owla were confi* 
dered by the Romans as witches ? The notes of Mr. TcUet and Mr. 
Steevens, as well as the fallowing pafl*age in the London ProdigtU • 
comedy, 1605, afford the bcft anfwcr to this qucftion : « *Soul, 1 thinks 
3 am fure crofs"'d or toifcb'd with an ow/." Malone. 

5 — 1]\':{\\ fpri^bfs 'y] The cp'.thft elvijb is not in thc hrft folio^ tat 
die ficond his— </t;« fprights. SxtrvrNs, 

• AH 


; obey them not> this will enfue, 
'II fuck our breath, orpinch us black and blue. 
r. Why prat'ft thou to thyfelf, and anfwer'ft not ? 
lio, thou drone ^, thou fnail, thou dug, thou Tot I 
7. S. I am transformed, mailer, am not I • ? 
r. S, I think, thou art^ in mind, and fo am I. 
7. S. Nay, mailer, both in mind, and in my (hape.. 
'. S, Thou hall thine own form. 
^ S, No, I am an ape. 
. If thou art changM to aught, 'tis to an afs. 
9. S, 'Tis true ; ihe rides me, and I long for grafs. 
b» I am an afs ; elfe it could never be, 
ihoold know her as well as (he knows me, 
ir. Come, come, no longer will I be a fool, 
3t the finger in the eye and weep, 
1 man, and mailer, laugh my woei to fcorn.— ^ 
, fir, to dinner ; Dromio, keep the gate >— 
md, I'n dine above with you to-day, . . - 
hrive you ^ of a thoufand idle pranKs : 
I, if any alk you for your mailer, 
be dines forth, and let no creature enter.^-* 
» lifter :— Dromio, play the porter well. 
r.S. Am I in earth, in heaven, or in hell i 
ing or waking ? mad, or v/ell-advis'df 
n onto thefe, and to myfclf difguis'd 1 
/ as they fay, and perlVver fo, 
in this mill at all adventures go. 
K $, Mailer, Ihall I be porter at the gate ? 
r. Ay, let none enter, leil I break your pate. 
•. Come, come, Antipholus, we dine too late. 


the emendations made in the fecond folio having been merely 
17, any other fui table epithet of two fyllablea may have been 
ct's word. Mr. Rowe Evil introduced -elv/^. Malom. 
ircM/o, tbou drone,] The old copy reads— Dromio, thou DramUf 
Tbe emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. Malons. 
-OB not I ?] Old copy— am / Kot, Corre^ed by Mr* Theobald. 

^i fsrlvtyow^"] That ic, I wil' call jon to conf^Hg and make 
tU your tricki. Johnson. 




The fame* 

Enter Antipholus o/" Epbcfus, Dromio tf/* Ephefusj 
Angelo> and Balthazar. 

^nt. E, Good fignior Angelo, you moft excufe us all ; 
My wife is fhrewiih, when I keep not hours : 
Say, that I lineer'd with yon at your fhop» 
To fee the making of her carkanet *, 
And that to-xnorrow you will bring it home. 
But here's a villain, that would face me down 
He met me on the mart ; and that I beat him. 
And charg'd him with a thoufand marks in gold ; 
And that I did deny my wife and lioufe :«— 
Thou drunkard, thou, what didfl thou mean by diis i 

Dro. E. Say what you will, iir, but I know what J 
That you beat me at the mart, I have your hand toihow: 
If the ikiR were parchment, and the blows you gave were 

Your own hand-writing would tell you what I think. 

jint, E. I think, thou art an afs. 

Dro. E, Marry, fo it doth appear 
By the wrongs I fuiFer, and the blows I bear*. 
I (hould kick, being kick'd ; and, being at that pafs. 
You would keep from my heels, and beware of an aft. 

B ^^carkanet,'] fcems to have been a necklace or rather chain^ per« 
haps hanging down double from the neck. Johnson* 

" S^ar^uartt orncmcnt d*or qu'on mit au col dcs damoifelles.*^ L* 
irandvi^. de N'tcot.-'A Carkanet feems to have been a necklace fct 
with ftones, or fining with pearls. Stssvcns. 

9 Marry, fo U doth appear 

By the Hvrorgs I fuffcr, and the Hows I hear, "j Mr, Theobaldi in- 
Ifcad ofdotb, reads — ian'r. Ma lone. 

i do not think this emendation necelfary. He firft fays, that hit 
Korongi and blows prove him an afs\ but immediately, with a correc* 
tion of his former fentimcnt, fuch as may be hourly obferved in coo- 
▼erfarion* he obferves that, if he had been an afs^ he ihould^ when he 
was iKJtfl/, have *;r*r</ again. Johnson. 


v/. £. Yoa are fad, fignior Balthazar : Pra/ god, our 

anfwer my good-will* and your good welcome here. 

7/. I hold your dainties cheap » fir» and your welcome 

r/. £. O, iignior Balthazar^ either at flefli or fiih, 

bk-full of welcome makes fcarce one dainty difh. 

i/« Good meat, fir, is common ; that every churl af- 

tf. £. And welcome more common; f«r that's no- 
thing but word«. 

1/. Small cheer, and great welcome, makes a merry 

9t.£. Ay, to a niggardly hoft, and more fparing 

Jumgh my cates be mean, take them in good part ; 

T cheer may you have, but not with better heart. 

oft ; my door is lock'd ; Go bid them let as in. 

*•.£. Maud, Bridget^ Marian, Cicely, Gillian, Jen* I 

"#. £• [tvithtn'^ MomeS malt-horfcj capon, cox- 
comb, idiot, patch*! 

sr^get thee from the door, ok- fit down at the hatch : 

thoa conjure for wenches, that thou call'ft for fuch 

n one it one too many ? Go, get thee from the door. 

re.£» llVhat patch is made our porter? My mailer 
ibys in the ftrect. 

^0, S. Let him walk from whence he came, left he 
catch cold on's feet. 

If. £. Who talks within there ? ho, open the door. 

^. S. Right, fir, I'll tell you when, an you'll tell 
me wheref6re. 

MiMif,] a dull ftuDid blockhead, a ftock, a poft. Tbh owes its 
aI to the French word MoMcn, which fignifies the gaming an 
in mafquerade, the cuftora and rule of which fs» that a ftriA 
e is to be obfemd : whatever Turn one Hakes, another covers, but 
• void ia to be fpoken : from hence alfo comes our word aiMfli / for 
«• Hawkins. 

'^fttcb!] i.e. fool. Alluding to the parti -coloured coats worn 
K licensed fools or jeflers of the age. Stssyzks, 


Ant. E, Wherefore ? for my dinner ; I have not dltt'd 

Dro, S, Nor to-day here you muft not ; come again> 

when you may. 
jffit, E, What art thou, that keep'ft me tat from die 

houfe I owe • ? 
Dro. S, The porter for this time, fir, and my name h 

Dro. E, O villain, thou hafl ilolen both mine office and 

my name ; 
The one ne'er got me credit, the other mickle blame. 
If thou hadft been Dromio to-day in my place. 
Thou would'ft have chang'd thy face for a name, or thy 

name for an afs. 
Luce, \fwithin] What a coil is there \ Dromio, who 

are thofe at the gate I 
Dro, E, Let my mafter in. Luce. 
Luce. Faith no ; he comes too late ; 
And fo tell your mailer. 

Dro. E. O Lord, I muft laugh : — 
Have at you with a proverb.— Shall I fet in my ftaff ? 
Luce. Have at you with another : that's, — When ? caa 

you tell ? 
Dro. S. If thy name be called Luce, Luce, thou haft 

anfwer'd him well. 
Jnt. E. Do you hear, you minion ? you'll let us in» I 

hope * ? 
Luce. I thought to have aflt'd you. 
Dro. S. And you faid, no. 
Dro. E. So, come, help ; well ftruck ; there was bloi^ 

for blow. 
Jnt. E. Thou baggage, let me in. 
Luce. Can you tell for whofe fake ? 
Dro. E. Mafter, knock the door hard. 
Luce. Let him knock till it ake. 

J •— 7 owe ?] i. c. I cwn. Stiivens. 

* •^/hope?] A line either preceding or following this, has, I be- 
hevc, been loft. Mr. ThcobalJ and the fublcquent editors read^ 
»r*w ; but that word, and hope, were not likely to be confounded b» 
cither the eye or the car. Malone. 



Ant,E. You'll cry for this, minion, if 1 beat the door 

Luc€. What needs all that, and a pair of flocks in the 

Jdr, {nuitbin'\ Who is that at the door, that keeps all 

this noiie \ 
Dr9* S. By my troth, your town is troubled with unruly 

jimt* E, Are you there, wife ? you might have come 

Mr. Your wife, fir knave ! go, get you from the 

l}ra* B. If you went in pain, mader, this knave would 

go fore. 
jfMj. fkre is neither cheer, fir, nor welcome ; we 

would fain have either. 
£a/. In debating which was befl, we fhall part with 

neither *, 
Dr^iE. Hiey ftand at the door, mafter; bid them 

welcome hither. 
Jbu. & There is fomething in the wind, that we can- 
not get in. 
Dro. £• You would fay fo, matter, if your garments 

were thin. 
Yoor cake here is warm within ; you fland here in the 

It would make a man mad as a buck, to be fo bought 

and fold ^ 
Ant, S. Go, fetch me fomething, Pll break ope the 

Drs. S. Break any thing here, and Til break your 

knave's pate. 

i ^wtJksJl psrt with neitbtr.] In oar old language, to part fig'* 
Aified t$ bavifart. See Chaucer, Cant. Tales, ver. 9504 : 

** That no wight with his bliflc parten fliall.'* 
Tie French life partir in the fame fcnfc. T y a w if i t t . 

6 ^^bmgbt and fold.] This is a proverbial phrafc. " To be houghe 
M^JUi in a company.'* See Ray*s ColledioD, p. 179. edit. 1737. 


Vol. II. M Dro. 


Dro, £. A man tAzy break a word with jmip fir ; i. 
words are but wind ; 
Ay, and break it in your face, fo he break it not bekiB 

Dro. S. It Teems, thou wanteft breaking ; Out up 
thee, hind ! 

Dro. E. Here's too much, out upon thee ! I pray th( 
let me in. 

Dro. S. Ay, when fowls have no feathers, md fiflihi 

Jnt. E. Well, ril break in ; Go borraw me a crow 

Dro.E. A crow without feather ; mafter, i|ieanyoai 
For a fiih without a fin, there's a fowl without a feathei 
l{ a crow lielp us in, iirrah, we'll phick a crow togediei 

Ant. E, Go, get thee gone, fetch me an iron craw* 

BmL Have patience, fir ; O, let it not be lb ^ 
Herein you war againil your reputation. 
And draw withm the compafs c^ £ifped 
The unviolated honour of your wife. 
Once this ^j«— Your iong experience of her vufdOBa 
Her fober virtue, years, and modefty. 
Plead on her part ' fome canfe to you unknown $ 
And doubt not, iir, but (he will well excuie 
Why at this time the doors are made ' againft joai 
Be rul'd by me ; depart in patience. 
And let us to the Tyger all to dinner : 

7 m-^vfe" II pluck a crtm togetber.^ We find the fame quibble on a 
occafion in one of the comedies of Plauttis.— The children of diiBuZ 
among the Greeks and Romans had ufually birds of different k 
• given them for their amufement. This cuftom Tyndanit in tht i 
fives mentions^ and fays,, that for his part he had tamtmm mfa^ 
Upupa fignifies both a lapiving and a mattock, or fome inftnimtii 
the fame kind, emplo3red to dig ftones from the quarries. Stzivi 
S Onee fibfi,— >] This exprcflion appears to me fo fingular, th 
cannot help fufpe^ing the pafTage to be corrupt. Malonk. 

Onee tbit may mean. Once for all, let me itcommend cHt ^ ^ 
conHderation. Stcevzns. 

9 Tour long exper'tence of htt vjifdom-^ 

Plead on her part^^lf The old copy reads ywrr, in both pi 
Corrcfted by Mr. Rowe. Malonk. 

' '^tbeJoors jrf made— ] To makt the door, is the expreflion 
. to this day in fome counties of England^ inftead of^ r« bar the ^Mr. 



And, about evening, come yourfelf alone. 

To know the reafon of this ftrange reftraint* 

If by ftrong hand you ofEer to break in, 

NcfW in the ftirring paiTage of the day, 

A yniAgv comment will he made of it ; 

And that ibppoied by the common rout * 

A^ainft your yet ungalled eftimation. 

That may with £miI intrufion enter in. 

And dwell won your grave when you are dead : 

For flander lives upon fucceffion ' ; 

For ever hous'd, where it gets po^effion* 

jimt.S. You have prevaS'd ; I will depart in quiet. 
And, in deipight of mirth ^, mean to be merry. 
1 know a wend of excellent difcourfe,— - 
Pretty and witty ; wild, and, yet top, gentle;-— 
There will we dine : this woman that I mean^ 
My wjft (bat, I proteft, without defert,) 
Hfck oAeatimei 4ipbraided me withal ; 
To her will we to dinner.— Get you home. 
And fet(dhthe chain ; by this, I know, 'tis made : 
Bring it, I pray you, to the Porcupine ; 
For there's thehouie ; that chain wiU I befiow, 
(Be it for nothing but to fpight my wife,.) 
Upon mine hofteis there : eood fir, make hafte : 
Since joune own doors refule to entertain me, 
I'll knock eHewhere, to fee if they'll difdain me. 

M^. I'U meet you at that place, fome hour hence. 
• ' Jmt. £. Do fo ; This jeil fhall coft me fome expence. 




* -^fm^tjed by tbi common rout] Siippoft4 h/ufndtd om Jufpofitk^t 
• aadc li Qonjedor^. Joh n son • 

3 mm^p^m Aicca^oo;] Sacctffion^ is often afcd m t.qpidriiyilable kf 
oar author, mii \m .^onLeoiporaries. So below, p. ija, fitk/a3km 
CQinpofca haV a vcrfe 1 

«* Therefore make prefent /tf/ii/iffwi^-." Ma low x. 

4 jM» in ^^h9 «/ mirtbir-] Tho)igl» mirth hath withdrawn 
herielf horn me, and ieems determmed to avoid me, yet in deipight of 

. hci^ and wlMtfafr gie will or not, I am rcfQlvcd to be merry. HaATir, 




The fame. 

Enter Luciana aW Antipholus of Syracttfe. 

Luc, And may it be that you have quite forgot 
A hulband's office ? Shall, Antipholus, hate. 
Even in the fpring of love, thy love-fprings rot ? 
Shall love, in building, grow fo ruinate » ? 


5 And may it he, tl^at you have quite forgot 

An bufitani'% offiee f Slatly Antipb3u%j bate 
Even in t be faring of Uve^ tby love firings rot f 

Sball love in buUding grow fo ruinate fl So, in oar author* 
119th Soiinet : 

And ruin'd lovtf when it is Built anew—". 
The word bate at the end of the fecond line was fuppHed by Mr, Thto 
bald ; huildingf infttad of buildingt^ is alfo his corre^iion. In fupporto 
the former emendation, a pail'age in our authors loth Sonnet may b 
produced : 

. *^ — — thou art fo poffefsM with murderous battf 
•< That 'gainft thyfelf thou ftick*ft not to conTpire^ 
*« Seeking that beauteous roof to ruinate, 
**> Which to repair Aould be. thy chief defire.** 
Again, in the Rafe of Luereces 

*f To ruinate proud buildings with thy hours.** 
Stowe u^es the adjective ruinate in hSs Annales, p. 892. << The lal 
year at the taking down of the old ruinate gate ■". Malohs. 

The meaning is. Shall thy love-fprings rot, even in the fpring x> 
love t and ihall thy love grow ruinous, even wliile *cis but building- up i 

Love-fprings are young plants of love. See a note on the fecom 
' fcene of the nfth a£t of CoriolanuSf where the meaning of this expref 
£on is more fully dilated. 

Th« rhime which Mr. Theobald would reftore, ftands thus in t&i 
old edition : — •(hall Antipholus<— . If therefore inftead ofrminate wi 
ihould read ruinous, the paflage may remain as it was originally written 
and perhaps, indeed, throughout the play we fliould read Antipbilut^ i 
name which Shakfpeare might have found in P. Holland*s translation o 
Pliny, B. xxxv, and xxxvii. Antipbilus was a famous painter, and riva 
to Apelles. 

Ruinous is juftified by a paflfage in the Two GtntlemtM of ^«rvM 

" Left growing ruinous the building fall.** 
Throughout the firft folio, Antipbolus occurs much more often thai 



If yott did wed my fifter for her wealthy 

Then, for her wealth's fake^ ufe her with more kindnefs : 
Or, if you like elfewhere, do it by Health ; 

Muffle your falfe love with fome ihow of blindnefs ; 
Let not my fitter read it in your eye ; 

Be not thy tongue thy own fiiame's orator ; 
Look fweet, fpeak fair, become difloyalty ; 

Apparel vice« like virtue's harbinger : 
Bear a fair prefence, though your heart be tainted i 

Teach fin the carriage of a holy faint ; 
Be fecret-falfe ; What need fhe be acquainted ? 

What fimple thief brags of his own attaint^ ? 
*Tis doabk wrongs to truant with your bed. 

And let her read it in thy looks at i)oard : 
Shame hath a baftard fame, well managed ; 

111 deeds are doubled with an evil word. 
Alas, poor women ! make us but believe ^, 

feing compaA of credit ', that you love us ; 
*Thoagh others have the arm, (hew us the fleeve ; 

We in your motion turn, and you may move us. 
Then, gentle brother, get you in again ; 

^ Comrort my filler, chear her, call her wife : 
*Tis hcdy fport, to be a little • vain. 

When the fweet breath of flattery conquers ilrife. 

jfnt.S. Sweet miilrefs, (what your name is elfe^ I 
know not. 

Nor by what wonder you do hit of mine,) 
X^eis, in your knowledge, and your grace, you fhow not> 
^ Than our earth's wonder ^ more than earth divine. 

AnttfMsf eTen where the rhime is not concerned ; and were the rhimc 
iefe&iTe here, fuch tranrgreflioos are accounted for in other placet. 


Andphol/f occurs, I thinky but thrice in the original copy. I htv« 
therefore adhered to the other fpelllng. Malonk. 

t m^h'u ofpu attaint ?] The old copy has— ar/^inr. The emendation 
iiMr.Rowe*s. Malone. 

7 ^^wtske us but hetitve,'\ The old copy reads— Aof belleTe. It'wu 
(orreded by Mr. Theobald. Malonk. 

* Bang compaQ efcndit,] Means, heing made altogether of criduRty* 


f «9<VMi,] Is Ugkf ef tongue, not verachuu Johnio*». ' 

M 3 Teach 


Teach me, dear creature, how to think and fpeak ; 
• Lay open to my earthy grofs conceit, 
Smother'd in errors, feeble, (hallow, weak. 

The folded meaning of your words' deceit. 
Againft ray foul's pure truth why labour you. 

To make it wander in an unknown field ? 
Arc you a god ? would you create me new ? 

Transform me then, and to your power 1*11 yield. 
But if that I am I, then well I know. 

Your weeping iifter is no wife of mine. 
Nor to her bed no homage do I owe ; 

Far more, far more, to you do I decline. 
O, train me not, fweet mermaid *, with thy note, • 

To drown me in thy fitter's flood * of tears ; 
Sing, fyren, for thyfelf, and I will dote : 

Spread o'er the iilrer waves thy golden hairs. 
Ana as a bed I'll take thee S and there lie ; 

And, in that glorious fuppofition, think 
He gains by death, that hath fuch means to die :— 

Let love, being light, be drowned if ihe fink ^ ! 

Luc, What axe you mad, that you do reaion fo ? 

Jnt. S. Not mad, but mated ' ; how, I do not know. 

s .. mermaid,] is only another name for j^rrir. Stssvbks. 
^ —ill tbv fifter't/cM:/— ] The old copy reads— ^#r. CondSedby '^ 
the editor of the fecond fojio. M a l on x . 

1 — tfj « bed r/I take thee,] Bed, which the word Be fnlly fupports, ^ 
vas introduced in the fecond K>iio. The old copy has— ^ir(/. Malsmi* ^ 
Mr. Edwards fufpeds a miftake of one letter in the palTage, and -M 
tronld read— ril take them»mmPerhips, however, both the ancient read- '—' 
ings may be tight : - as a hud Til take tbetf Sec. i. e. I, like an iofed, ^ 
will take thy bofom for a rofc, or feme other flower, and, 
** — -ph«nix-like beneath thine eye 
*« Involv'd in fragrance, burn and die.*' 
It is common for Shakfpcarc to (h'lft haftiiy from one Image to another*^ 

Mr. Edwards's conjcdure may, however, receive fupport from the fol« 
lowing pafTage in the Two Gentlemen of Verona, A€t I* fc u s 
** my bofom br a bed 

** Shall lodge thee.*' Steivins. 
. A Let love, being Hgbty he drowned if (hefnk /] Lovt mean*— die 
Slyeenoflovt. So, in Antovy and Cleopatra : 

** Now for the love of hve, and ker foft hours—-.** MalokI. 
5 ^Jet mad, ^a/ mated,] i.e. confounded.— So, m Macbeth: 

** Mj mindjhe has mated, and amax'd mjjfgbt**^ Stxxtshs* 

5 Lmc. 


. It b a fault that fprineeth from year eye. 
. S. For gazine on your beams, fair fun, being by." 
Gaaw where ^ yoa ihould^ and that will dear yoor 
, S. As good to wink> fweet love« as look on night* 
. Why call you me love 2 call my fijfter b* 
. S. Thy fitter's filler. 
> That's my filler. 
.S. No; 

lyfelf, mine own felf 's better part ; 
eye's clear eye, my dear heart's dearer heart ; 
oAp my fortune, and my fweet hope's aim, 
lie earth's heaven, and my heaven's claim '• 
'• All this my fifier is, or elfe (hould be. 
. Call thyfelf filler, fweet, for I aim thee ' ; 
will I (pve, and with thee lead my life ; 
haft nohulband yet, nor I no wife : 
me thy hand. 

« O, fi>ft, fir, hold you ftill; 
tch my fifier, to get her good- will. [Sxii Lvc* 

,/raM tbtboufe o/Anti p kol us 0/*£phefus^DROM 19 

of Syracufe. 
r. S. Why, how now, Dromio ? where mn'ft thou fo 

#.^. Do you know me, fir? am I Dromio? am I 

man? am I myfelf? 

f • %. Thou art Dromio, thou art my man, thou art 


9.S. I am an afs, I am a woman's man, and be- 


«B« where— ] The old copy readi^ wibeir. Stbsvihi. 
: corrc^jon was made by Mr. Pope. Malonb. 
fy/o/e tartVi bcAvtHy and my heaven* s cUim.'] When he calls the 
I onfy heaven en the eartb, he utters the common cant of lovers, 
he calls her bis heavens claim , I cannot tinderftand him. Per- 
c means that which he afks of heaven. Jommson. 
-/or / aim thee ;] The old copy rcads--/or I am thee. Tht 
aooa was fuggeftcd by Mr. Steevens. Antipholus has juft told 
9 the fame gentleman obferves,— that (he was his fweet hope's 

M A Jnt. 

j6s comedy of errors. 

Ant. 5, What woman's man r and how be fide 5 tK 

Dro. S, Marry, fir, befides myfelf, I am due to a 
man ; one that claims me, one that haunts me^ one th^ t 
will, have me« 

Mt. S, What claim lays (he to thee ? 

Dro.S, Marry, fir, fuch a claim as you would lay t^ 
your horfc ; and fhe would have me as a beaft : not tnac ^ 
1 being a bead, (he would have me ; but that (he, bein^g 
a very beaftly creature, lays claim to me. 

Aftf. S, What is (he ? 

Dro, S. A very reverent body ; ay, fuch a one as ^* 
man may not fpcak of, without he fay, fir-rcvcrcncc : -^ 
have but lean luck in the match, and yet is (he a won - — 
drous fat marriage. 

An/. S, How doll thou mean, a fat marriage ? 

Dro, S. Marry, (ir, (he's the kitchen- wench, and a£ - 
greafe ; and I know not what ufe to put her to, bat 
make a lamp of her, and run from her by h^r own light 
I warrant, her rags, and the tallow in them, will bnni i 
Poland winter : if (he lives till doomfday, (he'll bom j 
Vcek longer than the whole world. 

Ant, S. What complexion is (he of ? 

Dro. S. Swart, like my (hoe, but her face nothinj 

like io clean kept ; For why ? (he fweats, a man may gc:::^:*^ 
over (hoes in the grime of it. 

Anf. S. That's a fault that water will mend. 

Dro, S. No, fir, 'tis in grain ; Noah's flood could no0 

An/, S, What's her name } 

Dro. S. Neil, fir ; — but her name and three quarters •^ 

' Nell<ijir ; hut her ttsme and three quarffrt &c.] The old copy haP 
•—her name it three quarters, &c. '1 he emendation was made by Dr»> 
Thirlby. This pour conundrum is borrowed by Maffinger, inTkeOld 
J^^w, 1653: 

«* Cook, That Ncli was Hcllen of Greece. 

«« CJown, As long as ft'; tarried with her huiband flie wai ElleM^ but 
. tfker (be came to Troy Ac was Nc.'i of Troy. 

*• C»5*. Why did ihc grow (hortcr when Ae came to Troy ? , 

«« C/eavn She grew longer, if you mark the ftory, when flie gwir 
to be an r//| &c." Malum. 



is, an ell and three quarters, will not meafare her 
I hip to hip. 

»/. S. Then (he bears feme breadth ? 
re, S. No long^er from head to foot, than from hip to 
ihe is fpherical, like a globe; I could find out 
tries in her. 

y/. S. In what part of her body Hands Ireland ? 
r«. S, Marry, fir, in her buttocks ; I found it oat by 


//. S. Where Scotland ? 

ro. S. 1 found it by the barrennefs ; hard, in the 

I of the hand. 

ut. S. Where France ? 

r», $. In her forehead ; arm'd and reverted, making 

againfther hair'. 


m hirfirebead\ arm^d and reverted ^ making war againjk ber hair.] 
lid cnwj has— her heir. The prefent reaaing wai introduced by 
litor of the fecond folio. Mr. 1'heobald prefers the old readinf, 
fiOf the allufion to be to Henry IV« « whofe claim, on the death 
i lathee, in 1589, [and for feveral years afterwards] the States 
ince refifted, on account of his being a proteftant*** Malons* 
th.this explication Dr. Warburton concurs ; and Sir Thomat Han* 
hShkt an equivocation was intended, though he retains hair in the 
Yet furely they have aJl loft the fenfe in looking beyond it. Our 
ir, in my opinion, only fports with an allulion, in which he talcea 
inch delight, and means that his miftrefs had the French diieafe* 
ideas are rather too oft'cnfive to be dilated. By a forehead armed, 
eana covered with incru/lcd eruptions : by reverted, he meani 
g ,the hair turning baclcward. An equivocal word muft have 

applicable to both the fubje^ts to which it is applied. Bothy*r<- 
md France might in fome fort make war againft their i^^ir^ but 
iid the forehead make war agai»ft its beir T Johnson. 
link with Sir T. Hanmer, that an equivocation may have been 
led. It is of little confequence which of the two words is pre- 

in the text, if the author meant that two fcnfes (hoold be 
ed under the fame term. — Dr. Johnfon's objection, that ** aa 
>cal term muft have fcnfes applicable to both the ihbjeds to which 
ipplled,'* appears f me not fo well founded as his obfervations in 
al are ; for, though a corrcd writer would obfcrve that rule, our 
r is very feJdom fcrnpulous in this particular, the terms which he 
n comparifons fcarccly ever anfwering exadly on both fides. How- 

as bair affords the clcareft and moft obvious fenfe, I have plac^ 
iie l«t. In King Henry V* 4to. 1600, wehave** 



Ani. S. Where England ? 

Dro, S, I look'd for the chalky cliffs, bat I could Jnd 
no whitenefs in them : but I guefs, it flood in her chin, 
by the fait rheum that ran beo^een France and it. 

J/tt. S. Where Spain ? 

Dro. S. Faith, I faw it not ; but I felt it, hot in her 

Jmt. S. Where America, the Indies ? 

Dro, S, O, fir, upon her nofe, all o'er embellilh'd 
with rubies, carbuncles, fapphires, declining their rich 
afped to the hot breath of Spain ; who fent whole arma- 
does of carracks to be ballaft ' at her nofe. 

Jnf, $. Where flood Belgia, the Netherlands ? 

Dro, S. O, fir, I did not look fo low. To conclude, 
this drudge, or diviner, laid claim to me ; call'd m^ 
Dromio ; fwore, I was a/Tured to her ' ; told me what 
privy marks I had about me, as, the mark of my ihoulder, 
the mole in mv neck, the great wart on my left arm, 
that I, amazed, ran from her as a witch : and, I think, 
if my breafl had not been made of faith ^ and my heart 
of fleel, fhe had transformed me to 'a cortail-dpg, and 
made me turn i' the wheel. 

Jnt. S. Go, hie thee prefently pofl to the road | 
And if the wind blow any way from fhore, 
I will not harbour in this town to-night. 
If any bark put forth, come to the mart. 
Where I will walk, tijl thou return to me. 
If every one know us, and we know none, 
'Tis time, I think, to trudge, pack, and be gone. 

Dro, S, As from a bear a man would run for life. 
So fly I from her that would be my wife. [Exit, 

<' This your beire of France hath blown this vice in me—** 
ijsftead ofmr, Malonx. 

a m^tghi ballaft] i.e. ballaJMm So, in Hsmlet i 
•* to have the engineer 

'* Hoif with his own petar.** i. e. bolfttd. Stxstxms* 

3 '^affurtd to herj] i. e. affianced to her. Stxxvkns. 

4 — if my hreajt bad not been madt of faith, &f .] Alluding to the 
fuperdjcion of the common people, that nothing could refill a witch"! 
power of transforming men into animals, but a great ihare of fsith* 



Ant. S, There's none but witches do inhabit here ; 
And therefore 'tis high time that I were hence. 
She, that doth call me hulband, even my foul 
Doth for a wife abhor : but her fair filler, 
Poflcfs'd with fuch a gentle foverei^n grace. 
Of fuch inchanting prefence and difcourfe. 
Hath a!m<5ft made me traitor to myfelf : 
But, left myfelf be guilty to felf-wrong », 
I'll flop mine ears againft the mermaid's fong* 
Enter Angelo. 

jfng. Mafter Antipholus ? 

Ant, S, Ay, that's mf name. 

Ang. I kiKMV ft well, fit: Lo, here is the chain ; 
I thought to have ta'en yon at the Porcupine • : 
The chain unfii*J(h'd made me ftay thus long. 

Ant. $. What is vour will, that I fhall do with this f 

Ang. What pleafc yourfdf, fir ; I have made it for you. 

Ant, S, Made it for me, fir ! I befpoke it not. 

Ang, Not once, nor twice, but twenty times yon have : 
Go home with it, and pleaie yovr wife withal ; 
And foon at fupper-time I'll vriit you. 
And then receive my money for the chain. 

Ant, S, I pray you, fir, receive the money now. 
For fear you ne'er fee chain, nor money, more. 

Ang, You are a merry man, fir ; fare you well. [ExiU 

Ant. S. Wh^t I fhoUld think of this, I cannot tell : 
But this I think, there's no man is fo vain. 
That would refufe fo fair an ofFer'd chain. 
I fee, a man here needs not live by fhifts. 
When in the flreets he meets fuch golden gifts. 
I'll to the mart, and there for Dromio flay ; 
If any fhip put out, then ftrait away. [Exit, 

S ^^tofeif- wrong,"] 1 have met with other inilances of this kind of 
phrafeology, but omitted to note them. Mr. Pope and the fubfequent 
editors read— ^felf-wrong. Malone. 

^ — « tff ri>^ Porcupine;] It is remarkable, that throughout the 
old editions of ShakTpeare's plays, the word Porpentine is ufed inftead 
of Pcrcup'tne, Perhaps it wvs fo pronounced at that time. I haite 
fiace obfvrved the fame fpclling in the plays of other ancient authors. 
lAt, Toilet finds it like wife in p. 66 of Afcham^s Works by Bennet, 
aad in Stowe*sChromclciii the years ijJ7i iiS5« Stiivims. 



A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

The famt. 
Enter a Merchant^ Angelo> and an Officer » 

Mer. You know, fmce pcntecoft the fum is due^ 
And fmce I have not much imp6rtun'd you ; 
Nor now I had not, but that I am bound 
To PeHia, and want gilders ^ for my voyage : 
Therefore make prefent fatisfadion. 
Or I'll attach you by this officer. 

Jng. Even juft the fum^ that I do owe tQ yop^ 
Is growing to me * by Antipholus : 
And, in tne inftant that I met wi^ yoa^ 
He had of me a chain ; at Rve o'clock» 
I (hall receive the money for the fame : 
IPIeafeth you walk with me down to his houfe^ 
J will difcharge my bond^ and thank yQu too. 

i?«/^ Antipholus o/'Ephefus^tf/i^DROMio 0/*Ephefa^» 
Off'. That labour may you fave ; fee where he comes. 
jint, E. .While I go to the goldfmith's houfe^ go thoa 

And buy a rope's end ; that will I beftow 

Among my wife and her confederates ^^ 

Tfor locking me out of my doors by day. — 

But ibft, I fee the goldfmith : — get thee gone ; 

Buy thou a rope, and bring it home to me. 
J)ro. E, I buy a thoufand pound a year ! I buy a rope ! 


Ant, E, A man is well holp up, that trufb to yoa : 
I promifed your prefence, and tlie chain ; 
But neither chain, nor goldfmith, came to me : 
Belike, you thought our love would lafl too long. 
If it were chain' d together ; and therefore came not. 

7 — tvant gliders] A giUer is a coin valued from one ibiliing ukI lis* 
pence, to two (hillings. Stxxvxns. 

• /i growing /0 ot;—] i.e. accruing to me. Stkevkns. 

9 -• and her confederates A The old copy has— ri6#ir coiifederatet« 
The eaeaditioA was made By Mr, Rowe« Malons. 


Wf • Saving yoor merry humour, here's the note» 
f much your chain weighs to the utmofl carrat ^ 
finenefs of the gold, and chargeful fafhion ; 
ch doth amount to three odd ducats more 
n I ftand debted to this gentleman : 
ay you, fee him prefently difcharg'd, 
he is bound to fea^ and Hays but for it. 
«/. £. I am not fumifh'd with the prefent money; 
les> I have fome buflnefs in the town : 
d fignior, take the flranger to m^ houfe» 
. with yon take the chain, and bid my wife 
lurfe the fom on the receipt thereof; 
:hance» I will be there as foon as yon. 
^ng. Then you will bring the chain to her yourfelf ? 
Int. E, No ; bear it with you, left I come not time 

W/ . WelU (u[$ I will : Have you the chain about you ? 
Ht. £. An if I have not, (ir, I hope you have ; 
Mt you may return without your money. 
^Mg* Nay, come, I pray you, fir, give me the chain ; 
1 wind and tide ftays for this genueman, 
1 1, CO blame, have held him here too long, 
far. £. Good lord, you ufe this dalliance, to excufe 
u: breach of promife to the Porcupine ; 
ould have chid you for not bringing it, 
, like a fhrew, you firft begin to brawl. 
ter. The hour fteals on ; I pray you, fir« difpatch. 
tmg. You hear, how he importunes me ; the chain—* 
int. E. Why, give it to my wife, and fetch your 

fir^. Come, come, you know, I gave it you even now ; 
ler fend the chain, or fend me by fome token, 
f*/. £. Fye, now you run this humour out of breath ? 
ne, whcre's the chain ? I pray you, let me fee it. 
itr. My bulinefs cannot brook this dalliance : 
yd fir, fay, whe'r you'll anfwer me, or no ; 
lot, IMl leave him to the officer. 
f«f . E. I anfwer you 1 what fhould I anfwer you f 
fag. The money, that you owe me for the chain. 
W. E. I owe you none, till I receive the chain* 



Ang. You know, I gave it you half an hour fince. 

Ant, E. You gave me none ; you wrong mc much 
fay fo. 

Ang. You wrong me more, fir, in denying it : 
Coniider, how it Itands upon my credit. 

Mer, Well, officer, arrcfl him at my fuit. 

Of. I do; 
Ana charge you in the duke's name to obey me. 

Ang. This touches me in reputation :— 
Either confent to pay this fum for me« 
Or I attach you by this officer. 

Ant. E. Confent to pay thee that I never had ! 
Arreft me, foolifh fellow, if thou dar'ft. 

Ang. Here is thy fee ; arreft him, officer ;~ 
1 would not (pare my brother in this cafe. 
If he fhould Icorn me fo apparently. 

Off, I do arreft you, fir ; yoii hear the fnit. 

Ant. E. I do obey thee, till I give thee bail i^mm 
But, iirrah, you fhall buy this fbor^ as dear 
As all the metal in your mop will anfwer. 

Ang, Sir, fir, I fhall have law in Ephefus^ 
To your notorious (hame, I doubt it not. 

Enter Dromio £/* Syracufe, 

Dro. $. Mailer, there is a bark of Epidamnum, 
That Hays but till her owner comes aboard. 
And then, fir, (he bears awav : our fraughtage, fir, 
J have convey'd aboard ; and I have bought 
The oil, the balfammum, and aqua-vitje. 
The (hip is in her trim ; the merry wind 
Blows fair from land : they (lay for nought at all. 
But for their owner, mafter, and yourfelf. 

Ant. E. How now, a madman I Wh%, thoupeevilh (heef 
What (hip of Epidamnum (lays for me ? 

Dro. S. A (hip you fent me to, to hire waftage. 

Ant. E. Thou drunken (lave, I fent thee for a rpp« 
And told thee to what purpofe, and what end. 

1 m^ tbcu ^ty\(h /biift] Fe*vi/b U filly. So, inCyimMMtt 
*' Defire my mao*8 abode where I did le^ve him j 
*» He's ftrangc and ptevijh»** Sec a note on AJSt I. fc tii. 




Dro. S. You fent me for a ropes end as foon * : 

•To« Cent me to the bay, fir, for a bark. 

Jmt. S, I will debate this matter at more leiiiire» 

'And teach your ears to lift me with more heed. 

To Adriana, villain, hie thee ftraight ; 

Give her this key, aod tell her, in the deik 

ThatV covcr'do*er with Turkifti tapeftiy. 

There is a pnrfe of ducats ; let her fend it ; 

TeH her, lam arretted in the ftreet. 

And tfastftall bail me : hie thee, flave be gooff. 

On, officer, to prifon till it come. 

[Exam/ Merchant, Angelo, Officer ^ and Avr.K* 
Drp.Si, To Adriana ! that is where we din'd. 

Where Donfabel > did claim me for h>f hufband : 

She is too big, I liope, for me to compais. 

Thither I mm, although againft my vAW, 

For fervants mnft their mafters' minds fulfil, [f x//* 


The fame. 
Emter Ad KiAK A oHiiLji CIA HA* 
Air. Ah, Luciana, did he tempt thee ib ? 
Mtg^*ft thou perceive aufterely in his eye 
That he did plead m earneft, yea or no \ 

Looked ne or red, or pale ; or fad, or merrily? 
What obfervation mad'ft thou in this cafe. 
Of his l^art's meteors ^ tilting in his face ? 


* Tmjmt Wit f§r M ropei tnd as foon .*] Mopet it here a diflyiUbk i 
the Suon genitive cafe. M a l o n e. 

' ifWr/ Dowfabel— 1 Thit name occurs in one of Drayton** 

** He had) as antique ftories tell, 

" A daughter cleaped Dcwfahclf &c/' STtcvitNt. 

♦ Of hit heart** metters tiltirg in hit face f] Alluding to ihofc me* 
tton in the iky, which have the appearance of Imes of armies meeting 
iatbe (bock. To this appearance he compares civil wars in another place : 

** Un>iehy like the meteert ef a troubled braven, 

** All of one nature, of one fuiflance hred, 

« Did lately meet in the intejltne Jhock 

^ Andfuri§ut chfe of civil butchery**^ >V a a i vi ton. 



Luc. Firfl he denv'd yoa had in him no right. 

Mr, He meant , nedid me none ; the more, my ipight. 

Luc. Then fworc he, that he was a ftranger here. 

Mr. And true he fwore, though yet forfwora he were* 

Luc. Then pleaded I for you. 

Mr. And what faid he ? 

Luc. That love I be^g*d for ^ou he begg*d of me. 

Mr. With what perluafion did he tempt thy love ? 

Lua. With words, that in an honeft fuit might move. 
Firfl, he did praife my beauty ; then* my fpeech. 

Mr. Did'll fpcak him fair ? 

Luc. Have patience, I befeech.. 

Mr. I cannot, nor I will not, hold me ftill ; 
My tongue, though not my heart, Ihall have his will. 
He is deformed, crooked, old, and fere ', 
lU-fac'd, worfe-body'd, (hapelefs everywhere ; 
Vicious, ungentle, foolifh, blunt, unkind; 
Stigmatical in maldng ^, worfe in mind. 

Luc. Who would be jealous then of fuch a one ? 
No evil loil is wail'd when it is gone. 

Mr. Ah ! but I think him better than I fay. 
And yet would herein others' eyes were worfe : 
Far from her ncil the lapwing cries away ^ : 

My heart prays for him, though my tongue do curie. 


The allufion Is more clearly explained by the following compvifoa 
in the fccond book of ParaJift Lofi : 

«« As when, to warn proud cities, war appeart 
« Wag'd in the troubled ilcy, and armies ru/h 
«* To baiHe in the clouds, before each van 
**• I^r'uic forth the afry knights, jnd couch their fpeirif 
•« Till thicked legions clofe^ with fcAis of arms 
** Fi.>m cither end of heaven the welkin burnt.*' StbbVEIII* 
The originjl copy reads — Ob, his heart's meteors^ &c« The Ml* 
rodtio!! wji-i madt: in the fecond folio. Ma lone. 
S — /''"^^^ that is, </ry, withered. Johnson. 

^ ^ti^mjruM in rra^ingy J That is, mari^J or ftiimMttftd by BltOfC 
v.'ith deformity, as a token of his vicious difpiifition. Johnson. 

" Far fr^.m her nefi the lapV'ing feTc] This exprelTion feems to It 
pruV(^rbia/. I have met with it in many uf the old comick wrinn* 
Crcenc, in lils Second Part of* Canry-fatcbiKg, 1 592, fays : ** Bnt ■gala * 
tfj our priggcrs, who, as before 1 laid— .iry zvitb :be '/apving fmrtb^ 
fnm bir nejly an J fruiQ tlicir place vl uliJcav:^ wiiere tUeic looft abode 


Enter Dromio of Syracufc. 

Dr«. S. Here, go ; the deflt, the purfe ; fwcet now, 

make haAe. 
Luc. HoHT h&fi thou lo(l thy breath ? 
Drm. S. By running faft. 

A/r. Where is thy mafter, Dromio ? is he well ? 
Dro. S. No, he's in Tartar Umbo, worfc than hell : 
devil in an eycrlalling garment * hath him, 
ic, whofe hard heart is button'd up with Heel ; 
Kead, a fairy, pitilefs and rough ^ ; 
wolf» nay, worie, a fellow all in buff ; 
back-friend, a flioulder-clapper', one that countermands 
ic paflaMs of alleys, creeks, and narrow lands ; 
hound 'tnat runs counter, and yet draws dry-foot well *; 
ic that, before the judgment, carries poor fouls to hell '. 

' Nafli, fpeaking of Cabrid Haney, fay?—" he w'chdriwcth ^ 

n» Utpwsng'likf, from his ncft, as much as might be." Sec this * 

tige yet more amply explained ante, p. 2z. n. 8. St r. evens. 

^ — #« evcrlafting ^tfrw*»r] Everhfiing w« In the tiiiic of Shalcf- 

»re, as well as at prcfent, the name of a kind of durable ituft". Tiic 

»bblc intended here, is likcwife met with in B.and Fletcher s tyoman 


«« I ■■ ril quit this tranfirory 

** Trade, and get me an fverlafiing r<»bc, 

•* Sear up my confcience, and turn ferjciitt*^* Steevens. 
,^ — afairy,^r//tyi and rough y\ There wc:c fairies like />6^F«^/w» 
^tUefs and rough, anddefcribed as maL^volcnt and mifchievous. Johns. 
So Milton ; " No goblin, or i\vartyj//j> of ihc mine, 

" IJatn hurtful poww-r o'er true virginity/* Malonk. 

* — tf dioulder-clapper,] is a hailifK S t e e v r k s. 

* A biamd that rum counter, ard yet draws dry-foot wr//j J To run 
'*WfrJi to run baektvard, by millaking the courle of the animal pur- 
■•4; todravfdry-f^jcT is, I-br.licve, to purfue by the track or prick of 
f'ffisr ; to run counter and draw dry-foot loeil arr, therefore, inconrillent. 
"lejeft confiih'in the ambiguity of the ^word counter, which means the 
■wtf wtfjr in the ck,ife^ and a prifon in London. The officer that ar- 
^bd him was a ferjcant of the counter. For the congtuity of this jell 
nththefcene of a^ion, let our authour anfwcr. Johnson. 

To 'draw dry-fo^it, is when the di^g purfucs th»-gamc by the fccnt of 
leibot : for which the blood- liound is famed. Grey. 

i m^to helL] Hell was the cant term fur an obfcfirc dungeon ia 
ly of our prifoai* It i* mentioned in the Cjunter-rat, a p oeiii> 16^8 : 

Vvj.. II. - N "In 


Adr, Why, man, what is the matter? 
Dro, S. I do not know the matter ; he is 'rciled on 

the cafe *. 
Mr. What, is he aorefted ? tell me, at whofe fuiti 
Dro. S. I know not at whofe fuit he is arrcfted, well ; 
But he's in ' a fuit of bufF, which 'refted him^ that cut I 

tell : 
Will you fend him, miftrcfs, redemption, the money i* 
his defk ? 
J^r, Go fetch it, filler. — This I wonder at, 

[Exit LuciAk A» 
That he ^, unknown to me, fhould be in debt :*— 
Tell me, was he arreftcd on a band ^ ? 

Dro. S. Not on a band, but on a ftrongcr thing ; 
A chain, a chain ; do you not hear it ring ? 
Mr, What, the chain ? 

Dro. $. No, no, the bell ; 'tis time, that I were gon^ - 
It was two ere I left him, and now the clock (bikes otb,^* 
Adr. The hours come back 1 that did I never hear. 
Dro. S. O yes. If any hour meet a ferjeant, 'a tu*"*** 
back for very fear. 

«< In Wood-ftrect's hole, or Poultry's bellJ" 
There was likewife a place of this name under the Zzcheqoer cha^"* 
ber, where the king*s debtors were confined till they had paid the »^' 
termoft farthing. Steevens. 

4 — «ff the cafe.'l An a£lion upon the cafe is a general a^ongi^*^ 
for the redrefs of a wrong done any man without force, and f^ 
tfpeci ally provided for by law. Grey. 

Dromio, I believe, is dill quibbling. His mafter*s eafevrzz touched ^7 
the ihoulder-dapper. See p. loo :— ** in a ftf/c of leather Sec.** 'KIaloK** 

5 But he's iff.—] Theold copy reads— But /f in. The emendatio* '** 
Mr. Rowers. Malons. 

6 That be — ] The original copy has — Tbvs he. The emendation l^ 
made by the editor of the fecond folio. Malonk. 

•' — was be arrejled on a band ?] Thus the old copy, and I belief 
lightly, though the modern editors read bond. A bond, i. e. anobli* 
gatory writing to pay a fum of money, was anciently fpelt bmnd. A hi»i 
is likewife a neckcloth. On this circumftance, 1 believe, the humour of 
the pafTage turns. Steevens. 

See Minfhcu's Dift. 1617, in v. " Band or Obligation." In the fame 
column is found " A Ban d or thong to tie withal.'* Alfo •* A Bawd 
for the neck, becauftfSt ferves to bind about the aeclu** Thcfe fuf- 
iicicntly ciplain the equivoque. M a l o n i • 



^dr* As if time were in debt ! how fondly doft thou 

reafon ? 
Dro. S, Time is a very bankrout, and owes more than 
he's worth, to feafon. 
Nay, he's a thief too : Have you not heard men fay. 
That time comes dealing on by night and day ? 
If he be in debt ', and theft, and aferjeant in the way. 
Hath he not reafon to turn back an hour in a day ? 
Enter L u c I a N a . 
^</r. Go, Dromio; there's the money, bear it ftraight ; 
And bring thy mafter home immediately.— 
Cone, fifter ; I am prefs'd down with conceit ; 

Conceit, my comfort, and my injury. [Exeunf. 


TJ[?e fame. 
Enter Antipholus o/'Syracufe. 
Ant. S. There's not a man I meet, but doth falute mc 
As if I were their well acquainted friend ; 
And every one doth call be by my name. 
Some tender money to me, fome invite me ; 
Some other give me thanks for kindneiTes ; 
Some offer me commodities to buy ; 
Even now a tailor call'd me in his (hop, 
And ihow'd me filks that he had bought for me. 
And, therewithal, took meafure of my body. 
Sure, thcfc are but imaginary wiles. 
And Lapland forcerers inhabit here. 

Enter Dromio ©/"Syracufe. 
Dre, S. Mafter, here's the gold you fcnt me for: What, 
have you got the piAureof old Adam new apparell'd ^ ? 

Jnt. S. 
^ If Yktke in del/t,] The old edition reads.-»If / be in debt. 


For the emendation now made the prcfcnt editor is anfwcrable. Mr. 

Aowe reads»If time &c, but / could not have been confounded by the 

ear with eimef though it might with be, Malone. 

9 fVbati baveyou got the pidure of old Adam new appareWdf] A 

N z ihort 


Ant. S. What gold is this ? What Adam doll thoa mean f 

Dro. S. Not that Adam, that kept the paradife, bat 
that Adam, that keeps the prifon : he that goes in tb# 
calf 's-fkin that was kill'd for the prodigal ; he that 
came behind you, fir, like an evil angel, atld bid yor 
vforfake your liberty. 

j4nt, S. I underltand thee not. 

Dro, S. No ? why, 'tis a plain cafe : he that wcht likr 
a bafe-viol, in a cafe of leather ; the man, fir, that, when 
gentlemen are tired, gives them a fob, and *refts them; 
he, fir, that takes pity on decayed men, and gives themfoitt 
of durance ; he that fets up his reft to do mojc exploit! 
with hi.s mace, than a morris pike '. 

fliort word or two muft have flipt out here, by fome ao^klent, in copy- 
ing, or at prefs ; othcrwifc I have no conception of the meaning oflh« 
paflage. The cafe is this. Dromio's mafter had been anefted, an4 
feat his fervant home for money to redeem him : he running back with 
the money, meets the twin Antiphoius, whom he miftakes for hii 
mafter, and feeing him clear of the officer before the money was comc» 
he cries, in a furprize ; irtaty bave you got I'ld of the fiOmn tf tl^ 
Adam new al>t)areird f For fo I have ventured to fupply, by conjecrure. 
But why is the officer calPd old Adam new apparelrd ? The alWi« 
is to Adam in his (late of innocence going naked; and immediitelf 
after the fail being cloathM in a frock of (kins. Thua hcwajie'' 
apparelrd : and in like m.mner, the feijeanta of the Counter were f<»- 
merly clad in buft', or calf 's-fkin, ^% the author humorouHy a llt^ 
lower calls it. Theobald, 

The explanation is very good, but the text docs not require to fc« 
amended. Johnson. 

Thefc jells on Adam's drefs are common among our old writen* 


» — j&r that fets up Lis red to d^ more exploits with bis macetb*»^ 
morris-pike.] The reft of a pike was a common term, and fignified,! 
believe, the manner in which it was fixed to receive the ruSi of th« 
enemy. A morris-pike was a pike ufed in a morris or a military-daDcr» 
and with which great exploits were doney that is, great feats of da- 
terity were (hewn. J»>i«nson. 

A morris pikth mentioned by thf old writers as a formidable weapon* 
** Morrefpikes (fa\K Langlc), in !iis tranflation of Poly dor e f^irgil) w«i« 
ufed firft in the fiege of Capui." And in Reynard's Detiveramet tfc^ 
titin Cbriji'.ars from tbe Turksy *• the Englifh mariners laid about them 
with brown bills, halberts, 2li\<1' morrice-pikesJ** Farmkk. 

Polydyre y.'^jl dos3 not mention morris-pikes at the fiegc of Capaai 
though LunjLy's tranllat-onof him advances their antiauity fo high* 
M^rris-piKis, or che pikes of the Moors^ wv o exceUcAt tornerly ^ and 



Ant. S. What ! thou mean'ft an officer ? 

Dro, S. Ay, fir, the ferjeant of the band ; he, that 
l)rings any man to anfwer it, that breaks his band ; one 
that thinks a man always going to bed, and fays. Go J 
gi^e you good refi ! 

Ant. S. Well, fir, there reft in your foolery. Is there any 
jhip puts forth to-night ? may we be gone ? 

Dro. S. Why, fir, I brought you word an hour fincc, 
that the bark Expedition put forth to-ni^ht ; and then 
were you hindered by the ferjeant, to tarry for the hoy. 
Delay : Here are the angels that you fent for, to de- 
liver you. 

Ant, S, The fellow Is diftrafit, and fo am I ; 
And here we wander in illufions : 
Some blefled power deliver us from hence .! 
Enter a Courtezan. 

Cour. Well met, well met, mafter Antipholus. 
I fee, fir, you have found the goldfmith now : 
Js that the chain, you promis'd me to-day ? 

Jl»t. S. Satan, avoid ! I charge thee, tempt me not ! 

Dro. 5. Mafter, is this miftrefs Satan ? 

jfat. S. It is the devil. 

Dro. S, Nay, ftie is worfe, fhe's the devil's dam ; and 
kcre fhe comes in the habit of a light wench : and there- 
of comes, that the wenches fay, God damn me, that'* 
.as much as to fay, God make me a light ijoench. It is writ- 
ten, they appear to men like angels of light : light is an 
«ffe£l of fire, and fire will burn ; ergo, light wenches wiljl 
■burn ; Come not near her. 

Cour, Your man and you arc marvellous merry, (urm 
Will you go with me ? We'll mend our dinner here*. 

Dro, S, Mafter, if you do exped fpoon-meat, or bc^ 
fpeak a long fpoon *. 

Jnt, S. 

rfincc, the Spani/li pikes have been equally famous. Sec Hartlib's le- 
gacy, p. 48. TOLLIT. 

_* ff^cyi mend our dinner hen."] i, e. by purchafing fomcthing ad- 
ditional in the ad'ioining market. M alone. 

* — i/you^ aj exfcS Jpoon-mtats or befpeak a long fpoon,"] In the 
old copy jrotf is accidentally omitted. It was fuppli'd by the editor' 
>^ the iccojid foUo. I beliqvc fome other words were padcd over by the 

N ^ coxcpoOtor 


Jnt. S, Why, Dromio? 

Dro. S, Marry, he mull have a long fpoon, thatmuft 
eat with the devil. 

Jnt.S. Avoid then, fiend I what teirft thou me of 
fupping ? 
Thou art, as you are all, a force refs : 
I conjure thee to leave me, and be gone. 

Cour, Give me the ring of mine you had at dinner. 
Or, for my diamond, the chain you promis'd ; 
And 1*11 begone, fir, and not trouble you. 

Dro, S, Some devils 
Afk but the parings of one's nail, a rulh, 
A hair, a drop of blood, a pin, a nut, 
A cherry-llone ; but ihe, more covetous. 
Would have a chain. 
Mafter, be wife ; and if you give it her. 
The devil will fhakcher chain, andfright us with it. 

Cour, I pray you, fir, my ring, or clfe the chain ; 
I hope you do not mean to cheat me fo. 

y^nt, S. Avaunt, thou witch 1 Come, Dromio, let us ^' 

Dro. S, Fly pride, fays the peacock : Miftrcfs, M^ *^*' 
you know. [Exeunt. Ant. aWD ^^ 

Ccur. iQow, out of doubt, Antipholus is mad, 
Elfe would he never fo demean himfelf : 
A ring he hath of mine worth forty ducats. 
And for the fame he promis'd me a chain ; 
Both one, and other, he denies me now. 
The reafon that I gather he is mad, 
(Befides this prefent inftance of his rage,) 
Is a mad tale, he told to-day at dinner. 
Of his own doors being fhut againft his entrance. 

compofi tor,— .perhaps of this import :— .«< if you do expert fpoon-m^''* 
either flay aiuap or bcfpeaka long fpoon." Or in the fcnfc of bef>rff 
which it fignihcd in old language, is hardly admifliblc here. In ail thfi 
old writers, if I miftakc not, when employed in this fenfe, it is join<i 
with a perfonal pronoun,— " or ere / went,*'— .«< or ere he fpoke**i &c. 
or with an article 5 as in the inftance quoted by Mr. Steeveni : 
** He flull be murderM or the guefts come in.*' 
I do not recoiled to have ever met with it ufed as an adverb, forii* 
forehand»~^Thz proverb mentioned afterwards by Dromio, is again al- 
ludird to in the 'l.rrbfji, Sec Vol. I. p. ci, n. 5. Malokji, 



his wife, acquainted with hisfits, 
poTe fhut xhe doors againil his way. 
f is now, to hie home to his hoafe, 
11 his wife, that, being lunatick, 
'd into my houfe, and took perforce 
g away : This courfe I fitteh choofe i 
y ducats is too much to lofe. \Exit. 


The fame^ 

t/«rANTiPHOLus ^Ephefus, and an Officer. 

£. Fear me not, man, I will not break away; 

e thee, ere I leave thee, fo much money, 

rant thee, as I am 'refled for. 

fe is in a wayward mood to-day ; 

11 not lightly trufl the mefTenger, 

(hould-be attach'd in Ephefus : 

M, 'tvdll found harlhly in her ears.— 

?«//rDROMlo ^Ephefus luith a rope's-end. 
)mes my man ; I think he brings the money, 
iw, fir ? have you that I fent you for ? 
£. Here's that, I warrant you, will pay them all*. 
E. But where 's the money ? 
E. Why, fir, I gave the money for the rope ? 
E. Five hundred ducats, villain, for a rope ? 
E. I'll ferve you, fir, fivt hundred at the rate. 
E. To what end did I bid thee hie thee home ? 
E. To a rope's end, fir ; and to that end am I 
E, And to that end, fir, I will welcome you. 

[beating him. 
Good fir, be patient. 

S. Nay, 'tis for me to be patient ; I am in ad- 
Good now, hold thy tongue. 
E. Nay, rather periuade him to hold his hands. 
£. Thou whorefon, fenfelefs villain ! 

wW pay tbrnallA Sw Vol. I. p. 34, n. i. Malonc. 

N 4 Pr9. E. 


Dro. E. I would I were fcnfelefs, fir, that I might not 
feel your blows. 

Jtif. E. Thou art fenfible in nothing but blows, zxkiCa 
is an afs. | 

Dro. E. I am an afs, indeed ; you miy prove it by »y 
long cars. I have ferv'd him from the hour of my na- 
tivity to this inflant, and ha\e nothing at his hands &r 
my fervice, but blows : when I am cold, he heats me with 
beati'^.g ; when I am warm, he cools me with beating: J 
am waK.'J with it, when I flecp, ; rais'd with it, when I 
fit ; tlriven out of doors with it, when I go from home; 
welcomed home with it, when I return : nay, I bear iton 
my (houlders, as a beggar wont her brat ; and, I think, 
when he hath lamed me, 1 ihall beg with it from door to 

Enter Adriana, Lucia n a, antf the Courtezan^ tinth 
P I N c H ^, and Others, 

J^nt, E. Gome, go along ; my wife is coming yonder* 
Dro, E, Millrefs, rcfpicefinem^ refpeft your end ♦ ; o« 
rather the prophecy, like the parrot. Beware the ropers en^* 
Ant, £. Wilt thou ftill talk ? lleafs bitf^- 

^ — PincL\] The dircdion in the old copy is,— «« and .* 
fcboolmajier r.-JIed Pinch." In many country villages the pedagogv^ 'J 
fWl a rcpured conjurer. So, in Ben Jonfon*a Staffle of ^evft : ** * 
Vould have ne'er a cunning f ileal- mafter in England, I mean a ciuiniX'' 
man as a fchoolmader ; that is, a coKJurcttr, &c.** Stxxvxms. 

1 Mfjirrfst Tcfyht fvncmy refpeSl y'>ur tnd \ or rathtrtbt frnthtcj^ti^* 
tbtpMrroty Bnvare the rope's end. j Thcfe words feero to allude t9 ^ 
famoat pamphlet of that time, wrote by Buchanan againft the lord ^ 
laddJngton J which ends with thclb words, Refpice Jincmy refpicefmfU0* 
Bu(to what purpofc, unlefs our authour would ihcw that hecouUquib' 
|}le as well in EngliHi, ns the other in Latin, I confefs I know not* 
Atfor propiefying like the parrot ^ this alludes to peopIe^s teaching that 
Vird unlucky words j with which, when any paiTenger was offended, it 
vras the ftandingjokeof t^e wife owner to fay, laU betdyfir^ myfarrU 
prcpbefi:z. To this, Butler hints, where, fpcaking of Ralpho*a siU la 
augury, he fays : 

** C(,u!d tell nvhat fubtUJi parrots mearsy 

** That fpeak^ and tb'ink (ontrary clean j 

** //7rtr member ^t':s ofnvlrm they talkf 

•' ffcen tbcy cry rope, and walk, knave, walkt" Wa»B. 

5 ^c*r. • 




\ How fay you now ? is not your huiband mad ? 
. His incivility confirms no lefs.-— 
lodor Pinch, you are a conjurer ; 
fh him in his true fenfe again, 
uill pleafe you what you will demand. 
Alas, how fiery and how (harp he looks ! 
. Mark, how he trembles in his ecflacy ! 
b. Give me your hand, and let me feel your polfc 
E, There is my hand, and let it feel your car. 
h. I charge thcc, Satan, hous'd within this man> 
Id pofTeflion to my holy prayers, 
» thy ftate of darknefs hie thee flraight ; 
ire thee by all the faints in heaven. 
Em Peace, doting wizard, peace ; I am not mad; 
O, that thou wert not, poor diftrefTed foul ! 
E, You minion, you, arc thefe your cuftomers* ? 
is companion with the fafFron face 
ind fcall it at my houfe to day, 
upon me the guilty doors were fhut, 
leny'd to enter in my houfc ? 
O, hufband, God dot)i know, you din'd at homf# 
'woald you had remained until this time, 
om thefe (landers, and this open (hame ! 
£. I din'd at home ♦ ! Thou villain, what fay'ft 

thou ? 
£. Sir, footh to fay, you did not dine at home. 
E. Were not my doors lockM up, and I (hut out ? 
£. Perdy, your doors were lock'd, and you (hut out. 
£. And did not flic herfelf revile me there ? 
.£• Sans fable, (he herfelf revil'd you there. 
E, Did not her kitchen-maid rail, taunt, and 

fcorn me ? 
. £. Ccrtes', fhedid ; the kitchen -veftal* fcorn 'd you. 

jw«r cuftomers ?"] A cufiomer is ufed in OtheiUfor a common wo- 

cre it fccms to fiynity ore who vifjts fuch women. Mai on e. 

n"J at tcme!] /is not found in the old copy, Jt was infcrted 

rhcrtbp.lj. Ma LONE. 

'«,] i.e. ccttahly, Obfole'e. Stfevfns. 

kitebtn»vtpal'\ Her charge being like tJut of the vc/lal virgins, 

ibe fiic burning. J o ii .s >u n • 



Jut, E, And did not I in rage depart from thence ? 
Dro. E. In verity, you did ; — my bones bear witnefs« 

1 hat fince have felt the vigour of his rage. 

JJr. Is*t ^ood to Tooth him in thefe contraries ? 

Pinch. Itisnofhame; the fellow finds his vein. 
And, yielding to him, humours well his frenzy. 

Jnt. E. Thou hail fuborn'd the goldfmith to arreft me. 

Adr, Alas, I fent you money to redeem you^ 
By Dromio here, who came in haile for it. 

Dro, £, Monev by me ? heart and good-will you might. 
But, furely, mailer, not a rag of money. 

ji/U. E. Went 'ft not thou to her for a purfe of ducats ? 

jidr. He came to me, and I deliver'd it. 

Luc. And I am witnefs with her, that (he did. 

Dro, E. God and the rope-maker, bear me witneis. 
That I was fcnt for nothing but a rope ! 

Pinch. Millrcfs, both man and mafter is poflefs'd ; 
I know it bv their pale and deadly looks : 
They muft be bound, and laid in fome dark room. 

Jnt. E. Say, wherefore didft thou lock me forth to-day, 
And why doll thou deny the bag of gold ? 

Jdr. I did not, gentle hufband, lock thee forth. 

Dro. E. And, gentle mafter, I receiv'd no gold ; 
But I confefs, fir, that we were lock'd out. 

Adr. Dificmbling villain, thou fpeak'ft falfe in both. 

Jnt. E. Difiiembling harlot, thou art falfe in all ; 
And art confederate with a damned pack. 
To make a loathibme abjed fcorn of mc : 
But with thefe nails I'll pluck out thefe falfe eyes. 
That would behold in me this ftiameful fport. 

[Pinch and bis affiftants bind Ant. and D R GM I0> 

Jdr. O, bind him, bincf him, let him not come near mc. 

Pinch. More company ; — the fiend is ftrong within him. 

Luc. Ah me, poor man, how pale and wan he looks! 

Jnt. E. What, will you murder me ? Thou jailer, thoB, 
1 am thy prifoner ; wilt thou fufFer them 
To make a rcfcue ? 

Off. Mafters, let him go : 
He is my prisoner, and you Ihall not have him. 

Pinch. Go, bind this man, for he is frantii^k too. 


44lr. What wilt thou do, thou pecvifli officer ^ ? 
ft thou delight to fee a wretched man 

outrage and difplcafurc to himfclf ? 
Iff, fft is my prifoner ; if I let him go, 
e debt he owes, will be required of me. 
Wr. I will difcharge thee, ere I go from thee : 
T me forthwith unto his creditor, 
i, knowine how the debt grows, I will pay it. 
)d mader dodlor, fee him fafe convcy'd 
nc to my houfe. — O moil unhappy day ! 
tnt.E. O moft unhappy ftrumpet • ! 
)ro,E. Mailer, I am nere enter'd in bond for yon. 
int, £. Out on thee, villain ! wherefore doll thou mad 

me ? 
^ro. E. Will you be bound for nothing ? be mad, 
>d mailer ; cry, the devil. — 
riw. God help, poor Ibuls, how idly do they talk ! 
Wr. Go bear him hence. — Siller, go you with mc.-« 
[Exeunt Pinch arJ ajjijlants n,vith Ant. and Dro. 

now, whofe fuit is he arrcftcd at ? 
)ff. One Angelo, a goldfmith ; Do you know him ? 
idr, 1 know the man : What is the fum he owes ? 
)F. Two hundred ducats. 
Itfr. Say, how grows it due ? 
Iff, Due for a chain, your liuiband had of him. 
Idr. He did befpeak a chain for me, but had it 

rt>vr. When as your hufband, all in rage, to-day 
me to my houie, and took away my ring, 
he ring I faw upon his finger now,) 
aight after did I meet him with a chain. 
4dr, It may be fo, but I did never fee it. — 
me, jailer, bring me where the goldfmith is, 
}ng to know the truth hereof at large. 

'^tbcu peeviHi offiter **] This is the fccond time that in the coorfe 
hia play, pee%ijht\:\i been uied i^r fooHfh* Steevens. 
—' unhjypy Jhurrte: / j Unitiff'y ib htrc ufcd ia one of the renfei 
ninckji I.e. miJcb'uvQki, Sr££vx^'&• 



Enter Antipholus tf/'Syracufe, ^vitb his rafter drmw^ 
and Drom lo r/ byracufe. 

Luc. Govl, for thy mercy ! they arc Icwfc again. 
Ailr. And come with naked fwords ; let's call biof0 
To have them bound again. 
Oj}\ Away, they'll kill us. 

[ Exntnt Oficer^ A D R . und Luc. 
Aut. S. T ft-c, ihefe witches arc afraid of fwords. 
Dro. S. She, that would be your wife, now ran from 

Ant, S. Come to the Centaur; fetch our ftuff^ fkom 
thence ; 
I long, that we were fafe and found aboard. 

Dro. S, Faith, ftay here this night, they will furely df 
us no harm; you faw, they fpeak us fair, give us gold: 
xnethinks, they are fuch a gentle nation, that but for the 
mountain of mad flcih that claims marriaee of me, I 
could find in my heart to llay here flill, ana turn witcL 

A/:/ . 6\ J will not ftay to-night for all the town ; 
Therefore away, to get our fluff aboard. [Exeunt, 


The famt\ 
Enter Merchant and An c e lo. 

Aug. T am forry, fir, that I have hinder'd you; 
But, I protcft, he had the chain of me, 
Thoii^'h moft didioneftly he doth cimy it. 

Mn-, How is the ma.i ellccm'd here in the city ? 

An'-. Of very reverent reputation, fir, 
Ofcr'.'«lit irfinitc, highly belov'd, 
Secoiii] to Done tliat lives here in the city; 

9 ^.vr n-.M "I i.e. our baggage. In the orders that were ifluedfor 
t:r ro\..l J»ii.:r-fu- )n tnr lart ccnturj-, the king's t»gfiafic was alwa)» 
'w>u- lij.iomluatt J. Malvni, 



d might bear my wealth at any time. 
Speak foftly : yonder, as I think, he walks* 

ter Anti PHOLUS ^WDromio of Syracuie. 

'Tis ib ; and thatfclf-chain about his neck» 
lie fbrfwore, moil monflrouily, to have. 
r, draw near to me, I'll fpeak to him.*— 
Antipholus, I wonder much 
ni would put mc to this fhame and trouble i 
t without Ibmc fcandal to yourfelf, 
rcamftance, and oaths, fo to deny : 

.aia, which now you wear fo openly : 
the charge, the Ihamc, imprifonment, 
vt done wrong to this my honefl friend ; 
mc for (laying on our conirovcrfy, 
ifled fail, and put to fea lo-day : 
tin you had of me, can you deny it ? 
^, I think, I had ; I never did deny it. 
Y«s, that you did, fir ; and forfwore it too. 
?. Who heard mc to deny it, or forlwcar it ? 
Thefc cars of mine, thou knowcft, did hear ihce * 
thee, wretch 1 'tis pity, that thou liv*ft 
c where any honcll men rclort. 
S. Thuu art a villain, to impeach mc thus: 
^e mine honour iiml yniic hon»jiiy 

thee prefenlly, if 'lou tlaiMl f.and. 
I dare, and do \L\:iy thee for a villain. 

\d R I A N A , L u c I A :; A , Courtezan, and Others, 

Hold, hurt him not, for God's fake ; he i^ mad ;— 

:t within him, take \\\^ fword away : 

"omio too, and bear them to my houfc. 

S. Run, mailer, run ; tor God's falce, take a 

fome priory ; — In, or wc arc fpoil'd, 

\Exeunt An ti r h. w;/</ Dromio u the Priory. 

Enter the Ahhej's. 
Be quiet, people ; Wherefore throng you hither ? 
To fetch my poor dillraCled JiUlband hence : 



Let us come in, that we may bind him faft. 
And bear him home for his recovery. 

jing. I knew, he was not in his perfeft wits. 

Mer, I am forry now, that I did draw on him. • 

Jifb, How Ion? hath this pofTeflion held the man ? 

Adr. This week he hath been heavy, four, fad. 
And much different from the man he was ; 
But, till this afternoon, his paffion 
Ne'er brake into extremity of rage. 

Abb. Hath he not loft much wealth by wreck of fa? 
Bury'd fome dear friend ? Hath not elfe his eye 
Stray 'd his affection in unlawful love ? 
A fm prevailing much in youthful men. 
Who give their eyes the liberty of gazing. 
Which of thefe forrows is he fubjeft to ? 

A dr. To none of thefe, except it be the lail ; 
Namely, fome love, that drew him oft from home. 

Abb, You fhould for that have reprehended him. 

Mr. Why, fo I did. 

Abb. Ay, but not rough enough. 

Adr. As roughly, as my modefty would let me. 

Abb. Haply, in private. 

Adr. And in affemblies too. 

Abb. Ay, but not enough. 

A dr. It was the copy * of our conference : 
In bed, he flept not for my urging it ; 
At board, he ^t^ not for my urging it ; 
Alone, it was the fubjcdl of my theme ; 
In company, I often glanced it ; 
^till did I tell him it was vile and bad. 

Abb. And therefore came it, that the man was mad: 
The venom clamours of a jealous woman 
Poifon more deadly than a mad dog's tooth. 
It feems, his fleeps were hinder'd by thy railing : 
And thereof comes it, that his head is light. 
Thou fay'ft, his meat was fauc'd with thy upbraidings : 
Unquiet meals make ill digeftions. 
Thereof the raging fire of fever bred ; 

> •* the copy] 1. c. the theme* Wc ftill talk of fetting co^ut <« 
boys. Stkxvxni. 



what's a fever but a fit of madnefs ? 

I ray*fl> his (ports were hinder'd by thy brawls : 

t recreation barr'd, what doth enluc, 

aoody and dull melancholy, 

(man to grim and comfortlefs defpair ;) 

, at her heels ^, a huge infedious troop 

ale diflemperaturesy and foes to life ? 

xi, in (port, and life-preferving reft 

s difbirb'd, would mad or man, or beaft : 

confeqaence is then, thy jealous fits 

; feared thy hufband from the ufe of wits. 

r. She never reprehended him but mildly, 

Q he demean'd himfelf rough, rude and wildly. 

bear you thefe rebukes, and anfwer not ? 
/r. She did betray me to my own reproof.— 
! people, enter, and lay hold on him. 
r^ No, not a creature enters in my houfe. 
>, Then, let your fervants bring my hufband 

ft. Neither ; he took this place lor fandluary, 
it (hmll privilege him from your hands, 
I have brought him to his wits again, 
>re my labour in aflaying it. 
/r. I will attend my hulband, be his nurfe, 

his ikknefs, for it is my ofHce, 
will have no attorney but myfelf ; 

therefore let me have him home with me. 
M. Be patient ; for I will not let him Itir, 
I have ufed the approved means I have, 
1 wholefome fyrups, drugs, and holy prayers, 

?ftr moody and dull meJanebolyj 
'Ki/ifmam to grim and comfcrtleft defpatr j ) 
4Mdj at her !ff/i,-.] Mr. Heath, to remedy the dcfeflive xnetrff 
! firft line, propofed to read— moody, moping Sec. and to obviate 
eming impropriety of making Melancholy a male in one line and 
ale in the other, he would read— And at tbelr heels — . The lat- 
aendation is highly probable. In another place in this play, we 
!btir for ber. See p. 172. n. 9. Kinfman^ however, (as an anony- 
cricick has obferved,) might have been ufed by Shakfpeare in his 
ioM way, for nearly rclattd, M a l o n s • 



To make of him a formal man again ' : 

It is a branch and parcel of mine oath, 

A charitable duty of my order ; 

Therefore depart, and leave him here with me. 

Adr. I will not hence, and leave my hufband here \ 
And ill it doth befeem your holincfs, 
Tofeparate the huibana and the wife. 

Abb. Be quiet, and depart, thou (halt not have hiffl. ' 


Luc, Complain unto the duke of this in^'.ignity. 

Adr, Come, go ; 1 will fall proftrate ^t ms feet. 
And never rife until my tears and prayers 
Have won his grace to come in perfon hither. 
And take perforce my hufband from the abbeis. 

Mer, By this, I think, the dial points at five ; 
Anon, I am fure, the duke himfelt in perfon 
Comes this way to the melancholy vale ; 
The place of death * and forry execution ', 
Behind the ditches of the abbey here. 

Ang, Upon what caufe ? , 

Mer. To fee a reverend Syracufan merchant, j 

Who put unluckily into this bay 

Againfl the laws and llatutes of this town, j 

Beheaded publickly for his offence. \ 

Ang, See, where they come ; we will behold hi* \ 
death. j 

Luc, Kneel to the duke, before he pafs the abbey. \ 

3 —fl formal iran agaim^ i.e. to bring him back to hii fcnfai a 
and the forms of fobcr behaviour. So, in Meafurefor Mtajmrti^^ *■• f 
formal yiomcTif'^ for juft the contrary. St£ evens. i 

4 The place o/ death— ] The original copy has— Jt^/i. Mr.RoVS \ 
made the emendation. Ma lone. 

5 —forry execution^] So, in Macbeth : 

" Of forrieji fancies your companions making.'* 
f^orry had anciently a Wronger meaning than at prefent. Thos, ll 
Chaucer's Prckgue to Tic SomfnourcsTaU, v. 7283, late edit.: 

<* This Frerc, whan he loked had his fill 

<' Upon the turmcnts of th'ufory place/* 
Agab> in the Knlghtei Talcj where the temple of Mars is defcribeds 

** All full of chirkjjig was tliat/;rjf place.*' Steztxiis* 



SMtiT Dnke atttndfd; MoEOtf ban-beadidi witb the 
Htadfman and other Officers. 
Duke, Yet once again proclaim it publickly. 
If any friend will pay the fum for him. 
Re (hall not die, io much we tender him. 
Adr. Juftice, moft facred duke, againft the abbcfs ! 
Duke, ^ht is a virtuous and a reverend lady ; 
It cannot be, that (he hath done thee wrong. 

AdrJlAzy it pleafe your grace, Antipholus, my hafband^*-* 
Whom I made lord of me and all I had. 
At your important letters *, — this ill dajr 
A moft outrageous fit of madnefs took him ; 
That defperately he hurry'd through the ftreet, 
(With him his bondman, all as^mad as he,) 
X>oing difpleafore to the citizens 
By rufhing in their houfes, bearing thence 
Rings, jewels, any thing his rage did like. 
Once d^ I eet him bound, and fent him homc> 
"Whilft to tate order ^ for the wrongs I went. 
That here and there his fury had committed. 
Anon, I wot not by what ftrong efcape •, 
Re broke from thole that had the guard of him ; 
And^ with his mad attendant and himfelf % 

6 Hl>om I made lord of me and all I bad, 
y^#jfwr.important letteriA Imftrtant for importunate, Joan SOW* 

SOf in one of Shakfpcare's Hiftoncal plays : 
*< great France 

** My mourning and impwtant tean hath pitied.** 
Shakfpcare, who givei to ai| nations the cuftoms of his ewn, feems 
Irom ^s ptflage to allude to a c»urt of wards in Ephefus. The caart of 
^irardt was always confidered as a grievous oppreifion. Stiitins* 
See a note on King Henry Jf^, P. I. Ad III. fc. v. Maloni. 

7 — /o take order J i. e. to take meafuret, Stievkns. 

^ ^»hy what ftrong efcaft,'\ Though Jlrong is not unintelligible, I 
fttfpeA we ihould xtzd^^range* The two words are often confounded 
la the old copies. See p. 155, n. i* Malomk. 

< And, xvitb bis mad attendant and bimfe/f,] We ihould read>->i«fftfi 
liiflilclf. Wabburton. 

We might read : 

** And here bis mad attendant and bimfclfJ** - Stbbviks* 

I fuipe^ Shakfpearc is himfclf anfwerable for this inaccuracy. 


Vol. II. O Each 

194 COMEDY OF EftRO&S. ! 

Each one with ireful paffion, with drawn fwordf^ 

Met us again, and, madlyr bent on os. 

Chafed us away ; till, railing of more aid. 

We came again to bind them : then they fled 

Into this atwey, whither we porfued them ; 

And here the abbefs (huts the ^ates on \xa. 

And wilt net fuffer us to fetch him oat» 

Nor fend him forth, that we may bear him hence. 

Therefore, moft eracious duke, with thy commandf 

Let him be brought forth, and borne hence for help. 

Duie. Long fmce, thy huiband ferv'd me in my wiBI 
And I to thee engag'd a jprince's word. 
When thou didft make him mafter of thy bcd^ 
To do him all the grace and good I could.— 
Go, fome of vou. Knock at tne abbey*gate» 
And bid the lady abbefs come to me ; 
I will determine this, before I ftir. 

Enter a Servant. 

^^;-^. O miftrefs, miftrefs, (hift and fave yonriiBlf I 
My mafter and his man arc both broke loo(e» 
Beaten the maids a-row', and boond the doQor, 
Whofe beard they have (inged off with brands of fixo'f 
And ever as it blazed, they threw on him 
Great pails of puddled mire to ouench the haxr : 
My mafter preaches patience to nim, and the while 
His man with fciffars nicks him like a fool *^ ' 


9 .— a-row,] 1. e. fucceflively, one after toother. Stibtbvi. 
V IViaJt beard they ba^ufinftd •f wlik Irmndt •ffr§\'\ Saeh iIn 
dicrous circumilance is not unworthy of the fiurce in which wiMk 
introduced ; but is rather out of place in an epk poem^ usltt dl At 
horrori and carnage of a battle : 

<< Ohviut ambuftum torrem Cwltntut th grm 

«« Coirifii, et vtMietiti JCbufo, plmmm firentU 

" Occuf-Jt OS fammix : lUi inwtnskmrt^ r^uxH^ 

•< Nidoremque ambufia itdn/^ Viif . ^aeis, lib* sdl. 

Shakfpeare was a great reader of PluUrch, where he might htftta 
this method (^fliaving, in the life of Dion, p. 167, 4to. See1l«lh'k 
Tranflation, in which m^^ii/Mc may be translated brmuif S. W. 

2 Hh man Ht)\th jirJjaTt vuii him Hkt sfuii] The force of thb iD*- 
fioQ 1 am uoablc to cip!aifi« Pcrhapt it was once the cuftom l*crt 


COMEDY OF Errors. 19^ 

wif (artj vnlefs you fend Tome prefent help^ 
etween them they will kill the conjurer. 

Jdr, Peace, fool, thy mafter and his man are here ; 
bd chat if falfe, thou doll report to us. 

Strv» Miftrefs, upon my life, I tell you true | 

have not breathed almoft, fincc I did fee it. 
ie cries for you» and vows, if he can take you. 
To fcorch voor face ', and to disfigure you : [Crj luitbin, 
iark, hark, I hear him, miilrefs ; fly, be gone. 

Dnii. Come, ihuid by me, fear nothing : Guard with 

Jdr. Ahk me, it is my huiband ! Witnefs you, 
rkat he is borne about invifible : 
^ven now we hoos'd him in the abbey here ; 
knd now he*s theire, paft thought of human reaibn* 
^jR//r AiTTirHOLUi aiul Dromio ^Ephefuf. 

Ant^M* Joftiee, moft gracious duke, oh, grant mc 

(ven for the fervke that long fince I did thee, 
nien I beflrid thee in the wars, and took 
>eep fcart to iave thv Kfe ; even for the blood 
ilat thea I Ml for thee, now erant me juftice. 

^^#. Unldf the fear of death doth make me dote, 
fee my fim Antipholns, and Dromio. 

Ant. E. Jiftice, fweet prince, againft that woman thetttt 
ke whom choo gav*il to me to be my wife ; 
lat hath abnfi^ and diihonour'd me, 
•ven in the ih-eneth and height of injury ! 
^ymd imagination is the wrong, 
MX (he this day hath (hamelefs thrown on me* 

wlf • Difcover how, and thou (halt find me jull* 

ii&dr of ideots or jeften dofe to their heads* There ii a proverbial 
Bite . »* Like g r<^ ihe conjurer }^* which mi^ht have been applied to 
tbcr of thefe charadert. Stiitkns. 

There !i a penalty of ten (hillings in one of king Alfred*! ecclefiaftical 
|i% if one QffKo\iAo}i£ij fitave a common mas like a fooh Tol lit. 
I f$ konhjmrfaee^'l We ihould xtz^^c^tch, i. e. hack, cut* 


T^fiwnh^ I belSere, ii right. He would ha?i piuu&ed h«r at h« had 
O 2 4ntw 


Ant. E. This day, great duke, (he (hat the doors opal 
While fhe with harlots ♦ feafted in my honfe. 

Duke. A grievous fault : Say, woman, didftthoa/b?* 

Jdr. No, my good lord ;— niyfelf, he, and my i&tt. 
To-day did dine together : So befal my fool. 
As this is falfe, he burdens me withal ! 

Luc. Ne'er may I look on day, nor fleep on night. 
But (he tells to your highnefs fimple truth ! 

Jrtg. O perjur'd woman ! They arc both fbrfworot 
In this the madman juflly chargeth them. 

Jnt, E. My liege, I am advifed* what I fay; 
Neither difturb'd with the efFeft of wine, 
Norheady-ralh, provok'dwith raging ire. 
Albeit, my wrongs might make one wifcr mad* 
This woman lock'd me out this day from dinner : 
That goldfmith there, were he not pack'd with her. 
Could witnefs it, for he was with me then; 
Who parted with me to go fetch a chain» 
Promifmg to bring it to the Porcupine, 
Where Balthazar and I did dine together. 
Our dinner done, and he not coming thither^ 
I went to feek him : in the ftreet I met him ; 
And in his company, that gentleman. 
There did this perjur'd goldfmith fwear me down. 
That I this day of him receiv'd the chain. 
Which, God he knows, I faw not : for the which. 
He did arreft me with an officer. 
1 did obey ; and fent my peafant home 

4 -^tvkb BarUtsI By this defcription he points out Pincb iB^l^ j 
followers. Har/ot was a term of reproach applied to cheats among iO»f 
ai well as to wantons among women. Thus, in the Foxg Corbicdii^ 
fays to Volpone,— .« Out, harlot!'* 
Agala, in the Hlnter^iTaU: 

** for the harbtking 

•* Is quite beyond mine arm.*' 
The learned editor of Chaucer": Canterbury Talis% 4 vols. 8vo. 177j» 
obferves, that in Ibe Romaunt of the Rcje, v. 6068, Khg of Hsrlm it 
Chaucer's Tranflation of Rcy des ribaulx, Stkbvkns. 

•» —-/am advi/ed-^] i. c. I am not going to fpeak precipicattfy W 
ralhlji but on rcHcxton and confidcration. Stk£vsns* 



r ceiuiA docats : he with none retumM. 
ben fkirly I hefpoke the officer, 
go in perfim with me to my honfe. 
r uie way we met 

WyfAft^ net fifter, and a rabble more 
f yile confederates ; along with them 
W brbaght one Pinch ; a hungry lean-faeed villainj 
inear aiiatomj, a mountebank, 
^ thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller ; 
lieedy, hdlow-ey'd, (harp-looking wretch^ 
livine dead man : this pernicious flave, 
oribothy took on him as a conjurer ; 
nd, gazing in mine eyes, feeling m^ pulfe, 
nd with no face, as it were, out- facing me, 
ries one, I was poflefs*d : then altogetmr 
hey fell opon me, bound me, bore me thence ; 
nd in a dark and dankifh vault at home 
here left me and my man, both bound together % 
iU gnawing with my teeth my bonds in funder^ 
gain'd my freedom, and immediately 
ui Uther to your c;race ; whom I bfleech 
give mc ample (atisfa^ion 
>r thefe d0ep uiames and great indignities. 
^JT/. My lord, in truth, thus far I witnefs with him; 
hat he dmed not at home, but was lock'd out. 
DmJU. But had he fuch a chain of thee or no ? 
Attg. He had, my lord : and when he ran in here, 
liefe people (aw the chain about his neck. 
Mir, Befides, I will be fwom, thefe ears of mine • 
leard yon confefs, you had the chain of him, 
iSxT you firft fbrfwore it on the mart, 
Lnd, thereupon, I drew my fword on you ; 
^d then you fled into this abbey l^re, 
'torn whence, I tl^ink, you are come bv miracle. 
Jmt, E. I never came within thefe abbey-walls^ 
lor ever didft thou draw thy fword on me : 
never faw the chain, fo help me heaven ! 
nd this is fidfe, you'burden me withal. 
Dmke. Why, what an intricate impeach is this ! 
think, you idl have drunk of Circe^s cup. 

9 J If 


If here yoa hoot'd him, here he would have beei | 
If he were mad, he would not plead to coldly >«• 
Yoo fay» he dined at home ; tb gddlmith lim 
Penies that faying :— Sirrah, what fay yoa ? 

Dro. E, Sir, he dined with her there, at the Poic^i«li» 
Cour. He did ; and from my finger ikaich'd that i^g* 
Jnt. £. 'Tis tme, my liege, this nam I had itflMt* 
Duke. Saw'ft thoa him enter at the abbey hme I 
Cottr. As fore, my liege, as I do fee yoar grace, 
Duie. Why, this is fbanee >— Go call the aMefi Ulhers 
I think you arc all mated*, or ftaik mad. 

[£xh mt Jbaadmi* 
JEge, Moft mightv doke, voacUafe me ipeak • vwdl 
Haply, I fee a friend will fave my life^ 
And pay the fam that may deliver me. 
Duke. Speak freely, Syractdan, what thou wilt. 
JE^e. \% not your name, fir, called Aatipholnl 
And 19 not that yo^x bondman Dromio ? 

Dro. E. Witmn this hoar I was his bond^maiit fix^ 
But he, I thank him, gnaw'd in two my cords } 
Now am I Dromio, and his man, unbound. 
^ge. I am fore, you both of you remember »t. 
Dro. E. Ourfelves we do remember^ Art by yoa| 
For lately we were bound, as you are now. 
You are not Pinch's patient, are you, fir ? 
jEge. Why look vou ftrange on me I ]roa know me ndl* 
Ant. E. I never (aw you in my life, till now. 
^ge. Oh ! grief hath chang'd me, fiace yoa&w mehdtf 
And careful hours, with Time's defi)rmed^ hand 
Have written firange defeatures * ia my face : 
But tell me yet, doft thou not know my voice i 
Ant, E, Neither. 

« ^~m mated,] See p. t 66. n. 5. Malonx. 
7 ^Jit/ormed] fordrformwg. Stkivins. 
« ^ftramg% deieatures] Drfeaturt is the priTaHve of fiMun* Tht 
neaning ii, time hath cancelled my features* Jomniom. 

Dtfeaturt is, I think, duration •/ feature^ mMrkt ^ dafmaiti. S«9 
lA our author's yenux and Adonh : 

" —to croft the curious workminflilp of natnic^ 

** To mingle beauty with infirmities, 

tt Aad pure petftaioD with impon dtfigiMru** Af AfcOsis» 

5 ^r'- 


«« DromiOy northon? 
. E. Noji troft me, fir^ nor I. 
e. I am furt^ thou doi, 

. £• Aj« fir ? bat I am fafe, I do not; and wluit« 
a man dmiei^ yon are now bound to bejievt h»ai*. 
r. Not know my voice I O, time's extremity I 
hoa ib cnkk'd and fplitted my poor tongac, 
tn (hort years, that nere my only fon 
( not my feeble key of nntnu'd cares ? 
;h now this gruned faee^ of mine be hid 
.confuming winter's drizled fnow, 
11 the con<mits cf my blood froze up ; 
ith my ni^t of lift feme memory « 
afting lamps Ibme fading glimmer left^ 
ill deaf ears a little uie to hear : 
efe old witneifes* (I cannot err) 
le, thoa art my fon Antipholiu* 
. E. I never iaw my father in my life. 
e. But feiven years fince, in Svracnfa, bojr# 
know'ft, we parted: but, |>ernaps» my font 
(ham' ft to acknowledge me in mifery. 
. E. The duke, and all that know me in the fcity^ 
'itnefs with me that it is not fo ; 
r faw Syracttla in my life. 
\f. I tell thee, Syracufan, twenty years 
I been patron to Antij^olus, 
g which time he ne'er faw Syracufa : 
thy age and dangers make thee dote* 


^ Mo^ fflightjrDuke^ behold a man much wrong'd« 

[All gmtber to fee bim* 

jTM €rt now bound H htttitv him»J Dromio is fliU quibbling on 

untetopick. See p. 198. Malons* 

ibis grained /rrr] i. e. furrowM, like the grain of wwd* So, 

Unui : « -— my graiiud afh.*^ St e x Yt n s • 

I theft old vfitueJfes'mJ] By old toitneffitt I belieTe, he means 

cedy accuftoaCd omi, which are therefore left likely to err* So, 

Tempefi : 

li wk be tru$ffm that I wear in my hcad''«pife SriaTSNt* 


Adr. I fee two hufbands, or mine eyes deceive me. 

Duke. One of thefe men is Genius to the other ; 
And fo of thefe : Which is the natural man. 
And which die fpirit ? Who deciphers them ? 

Dro. S, 1, fir» am Dromio ; command him away. 

Dr0. E. I, fir^ am Dromio ; pray, let me ftay. 

Ant. S. JEgeon, art thou not ? or elfe his ghoft ? 

Dro. S» O, my old mafter ! who hath bound him here' 

AB6* Whoever bound him, I will loofe his bonds. 
And gain a hufband by his liberty : — 
Speak, old ^geon, if thou be'ft the man 
That hadfl a wife once call'd .Emilia, 
That bore thee at a burden two fair fons : 

0, if thou be'ft the fame ^geon, fpeak> 
And fpeak unto the fame .£milia ! 

jEge, If I dream not \ thou art Emilia ; 
If thou art (he, tell me, where is that (on 
That floated with thee on the fatal raft ? 

AhA. By men of Epidamnum, he, and I^ 
And the twin Dromio» all were taken up ; 
But, by and by, rude fifhermen of Corinth 
By force took Dromio, and my fon from them^ 
And me they left with thofe of Epidamnum : 
What then became of them, I cannot tell ; 

1, to this fortune that you fee me in. 
Duie. Why, here begins his morning florjr right : 1 

Thefe two Antipholus's, thefe two fo like, • | 

And thefe two Dromios, one in femblance'^,— * | 

Befi^gs ber urging of her wreck at fea ♦,— ' 


» Jf I dream not,'^'] In the old copy thif fpeech of Egcon, «ndth* 
Ibbfequent one of the Abbefs, follow the* fpeech of the Duke, fc^ 
ginning with the words—" Why, here" &c. The tranfpofition wif 
fuggefted by Mr. Steevens. It fcarcely requires anyjuftification. iEgeoa'f 
anfwer to ^Emilia's adjuration would neccfTarlly immediately fucceed to 
It, Befides, as Mr. Steevens has obfcrved, as thefe fpeeches ftand in 
the old copy, the Duke comments on ^Emilia's worda before Ait hai 
uttered them : The flight change now made renders the whole dear. 


3 ^mhlanei,'] Is here a trifyllable. Malonk. 

♦ — o/* her wreck atfca,-^] I fufpcft that a line following this hat 
>eeDloft^ the import of which was. that Tbejii tkcmnfianc^^c—^ 
• ' f#rr«4 


Thcfe are the parents to tlicic children. 
Which accidentally are met together. 
i^ndpholus, thoQ cam'ft from Corinth firft. 
Jimt. S. N04 fit, not I ; I came from Syrtcnfe. 
IMf • Stay, ftand apart ; I know not which is which. 
Jlai* E. I came from Corinth, my mofi gracious loxd. 
Dn* E. And I with him. 

J»i. £• Brought to this town by that mofi famous war- 
Duke Menaphon, your mofi renowned oncle. 

Mr. Which of you two did dine with me to-day ? 
Jnt. S. I, gentle mifirefs. 
Mr. And are not you my hufi>and ? 
jfmt. E. No, I fay, nay, to that. 
jfmi. S. And fo do I, yet did flie call me ib 1 
And this fair gentlewoman, her fifier here. 
Did call me brother : — ^What I told you then^ 
Ihope^ I (hall have leifure to make good ; 
If this be not a dream, I fee, and hear. 
Jmg. That is the chain, fir, which you had of me. 
Jne. S. I think it be, fir ; I deny it not. 
jiMt. E. And you, fir, for this chain arrefied me. 
Jwg, I think, I did, fir ; I deny it not. 
^dr. I fent you money, fir, to be your bail, 
By Dranio ; but I think, he brought it not. 
Dre. E. No, none by me. 
Jfit. S. This purfe of ducats I received from yo«« 
And Dromio my man did bring them me : 
I fee, we ftill did meet each other's man. 
And I was ta'en for him, and he for me. 
And ^reupon thefe Errors are arofe. 
' ^Jnt, E. Thefe ducats pawn I for my father here. 
/)«i#. It fiiall not need, thy father hath his life. 
C0Mr. Sir, I mufi have that diamond from you. 
^«/. E. There, take it ; and much thanks for my good 

arred to ^990— that Thefe were the parents &c. The Une which I 
fuppofe to have been lo((, and the following one, beginning perhaps with 
m fame word, the omilTion might have been occaiioned by the com* 
fofMft eye glancing from ont to the other. Mai.oni« 
' * ' Abt» 


Abb. Renowned dttke^ Toochfafe to take tlM paiat 
To go with us into the abbey here* 
Andhear at large difcourfed all our ibrtonet >-• 
And all that are afTembled in this place» 
That by this fympathized one day's error 
Have fnffer'd wrong, |o, keep ns company. 
And we fhall make ftilT fatisfadion.-* 
Twenty-five years ' have I but gone in trarail 
Of you* myfons; nor* till this prefent hour S 
My heavy burdens are delivered :— 
The duke* my hulband* and my children botll. 
And you the calendars of their nativity. 
Go to a goilip's feaft* and^ with me ; 
After fo long grief fuch nativity ' I 

Dukt. With all my heart* I'll go£p at this feat. 

[Exeunt Duke* Abbefs* ^osoif* Conrtesai^ 
Merchant* Angblo* and Attn^mmis. 

Dro. S, Mailer* ihall I fetch your ftoff from fliip-boardf 

Ant, E, Dromio* what ftuff of mine haft thoo embarkM ? 

Drc. S. Your goods* that lay at hoft* fir* in the CentMr. 

Aatn S, He fpeaks to me ; I am your mafter* Dromip: 
Come* go with us ; we'll look to that anon : 
Embrace thy brother there* rejoice with him. 

[Exeunt Antipholvs S. «W E. ADit««c/LvCt 

Dro, S, There is a fat friend at your mailer's hoofe. 
That kitchen'd me for you to-day at dinner ; 
She now ihall be my fiiler* not my wife. 

Dro. E. Methinks* you are my elafs* and not mybnidier; 
I fee by you* I am a fweet-faced youth. 

5 Twenty-five vears — ] The old copy n»6§.-^birtjf'thr4ii The 

emendation, which Is Mr. Theobald^s* is fupporCed by a paflife mthe 
firft A£t— My youngcft boy— At eighteen yeiri Sec, compared With IM- 
thcr m the prcfent AQ— -BuC/rvM years fincc Sec. MAi,oif i. 

6 -* nor, tilt this frejent btir^'\ The old copy readi ^md tin«^ 
The emendation was made by Mr. Theobald. Bmrden^ in the Best 
L'nc* was correded by the editor of the fccond folio. Malonk, 

7 After jo lon^ grief fuch nativity /] We (hould furely read— luch 
ftftivity. Nativity lying fo near, and the termination being the iame of 

both wordSj^ the miflakc wjs cafy, Johnson. 

The old reading may be right. She has jufi faid* that to her* her 
hns were not bom till now. SrcKVXNf. 



fcm walk in to fee their goffiping ? 
». 8. Not I, fir ; yoa are mj elder. 
kM. That's a queftion : how (hall we tnr it f 
>. A We'll draw cuts for the fenior : till then* lead 

u £• Nay« then thus : 

une into the world, like brother and brother ; 
)aw let's go hand in hand, not one before another K 


this ommif we fin<l more Intrkacy ef jkst diaa diftinftioB of 
cr } and our attention it Itfs forcibly engaged, becaofe we can 
1 Bcatmeafiire how the denouement will be brought about* Yet 
It MM unwilling to part with his fiibje^ eren in this lail and 
flaix ibeiWt where the fame mif^aket are continued^ till their 
»f aAMing entertainment is entirely loft. Stiitini. 
Ing doggiel ?erfes that Shakfpeare hu attributed In this flay 
CWoDromiosy are written in that kind of metre which wae 
■ttributed by the dramatick poets before his dme, In their co* 
becSf to Ibme of their inferior charaders ^ and this circumftance 
if many that authorize us to place the preceding comedy, ai 
£#«»*t LAm^t LoJI^ and Tb§ Taminr of the Shrew f (where the 
ind of verfification is likewife found,) among our author's earlieft 
jooat com p ofed probably at a time when he waa impeiceptiblf 
1 with the prerailing mode, and before he had completely learned 
eviate boldly from the comnaon track.*' Aa thefe eaEly pieoaa 
V Ml tatty met with, 1 ihall fubjoin a few estraa» t%m feflV 



9y/. If your name to me you will declare and ihowe^ 

I may la this matter my minde the Iboner knowe. 

»/• Few wosdes are beft among freenda, this is true^ 

ecdbcv I ihaU briefly (how my name unto yoiu 

a Toijpot it is, it need not to be painted, 

eiefbre 1 with ftaife Roifiec moil needs be accpiaiAttd.** |K» 


[ About X570« ] 

Shifts By gogs bloud, my maifters, we were not Mk longer hereto 

lioke was ne?er fiich t criftit knan before this dait. [lx« Ambo. 



«> CenJ. Are thei all gone ? Hftf he, well fare old Shift at a i 
«' By hit woundes had I not dtifikd thii» I had hanged indeed. 
•< TinkerSf (qd you) tinke me no tinkes} 1*11 meddle with them M 

mofe } 
^< I thinke was nefcr knave fo ufed hy a conpanie of tinkeit befbiet 
« By your leave Til be fo bolde as to looke about me and fpiey 
« Leaft any knaves for my coming down in ambofli do lie* 
^ By your licence I minde not to preache longer in this trce^ 
« My tinkerly flaves are packed hence, as farn as I male Ice.** ^. 



«< The wind is yl blows no man*s gaine } for cold I neede aot'caiCy 
4< Here is nine and twentie futes of apparel for my (hare ; 
« And fomCf berlady, very good, for fo ftandeth die cafe, 
*< As neither gentleman nor other Lord Promos iheweth any gnfif; 
«< But I marvel much, poore Haves, that they are hanged fo (bone, 
« They were wont to Aaye a day or two, now fcarce an aftcrnoooe.*' IeC|i 

The Thus Ladibb op Lo>jrDOw« 


« You think I am going to market to buy roft meite, do ye not F 

<' I thought fo, but you are deceived, for I wot what I wot : 

«< I am neither going to the butchers, to buy veale, mutton, or beeft^ 

«< But I am going to a blood(iicker, and who i« it ? faith Ufuiie, thit 



(< Quoth Nlcenefs to Newfangle, thon art fuch a Jacke> 
*' That thou devlfeft fortie fafhions for my ladie's backe* 
« And thou, quoth he, art fo pofTcfst with everie frantick tejp 
** That following of my ladie*s humour thou doft make her cdyi 
(( For once a day for faUhion-fake my lady muft be (idee, 
« No meat but mutton, or at moft the pinion of a chicke : 
«« To-day her owne haire beft becomes, which yellow is as goU| 
«< A periwig is better for to-morrow, blacke to behold s 
•* To-day in pumps and chcvcril gloves to walk (he will be bold, 
«* To-morrow cuftcs and countenance, for feare of catching cold s 
«« Now is flie barcfaft to be fccne, ftraight on her mufler goes; 
»« Now is flie hufft up to the crowne, ilraight nulled to £e nofc* 

See aifo GammtrGurunU NttdU^ Vamw and Pytbiasi Sec, MALOf'* 


Perfbns Reprefented* 

DonVedro, Prince of ArrSLgqn. 

Don John» bis Baftard Brother. 

Claudio« a young Lord o/* Florence, Favourite toD9u'?tixo% 

Benedick, a young Lord of Padua, /avoured likrwi/i ij 

Don Pec&o. 
Leona|o» Governor of Meffina. 
Antonio, his Brother. 
Balthazar, Servant to Don Pedro. 

A Sextottm 
A Friar. 
A Boy. 

Hero, Daughter to Leonato. 
Beatrice, Siece to Leonato. 

Urlma ' i ^^^^^^"^^^^^ attending on Hera* 

MeJJengers^ Watch, and Attendantr, 

S C E X E, Meffina. 


Before Leonato'/ Houfe. 

' Leonato« Hero, Beatrice, and Oihgrs, twitb 
a MeiTenger. 

M. I learn in this letter, that Don Pedro of Arragon 

:a chb night to MefTina. 

'effi He is very near by this ; he was not three leagues 

uktn I left him, 

v«. How many gentlemen have you loft in this a£Uon i 

eff. But few of any fbrt % and none of name. 

'Im ilory IS from Arlofto, Orl. Fur. B.v. Povc. 
I tnicy at Mr. Pope haa obferved, that fomewhat refomblint the 
if tUt ^ay i« to be foond in the fifth T>ook of the Orlando Furiofo, 
eiiicr*a Faery Queen, B. ii. c. ^ as remote an original may be 
• A novel, however, of Belleforeft, copied from another of 
Uoy ieems to have furniihed Shakfpeare with his fable, at it ap- 
aes nearer in all its particulars to the play before us, than any 
performance known to be extant. J have fiecn fo many verfiona 
chit OQce popular coUeAion, that I entertain no doubt but that a 
majority of the talcs it comprclicnds, have made their appearance 
EflfUib drefs. Of that particular ilory which I have juft men- 
l» VIS. the 1 8th hiAory in the third volume, no tranAatioa hat 
to been met with. 

is play was entered at Stationers* Hall, Aug. 23, i6oo. Stcit. 
tofto is continually quoted tor the fable ofMueb Ad» Mhout Netting • 
fttfpe^t our poet to have been fatisfied with thtGeiuyra of Turber- 
** The Ule (fays Harlngton) is a pretle comical matter, and hath 
titten in EngUfb vcrfc fomc few ycirs paft, learnedly and with 
grace, by M% Ueorge Turbcr\il.'* jfrtoftof fol. 1591, p. 39* 

Bfpofe thh comedy to have been written in 1600, in which year it 
trinted. See An Attempt to a/certain tbt irdcr ofSlakJftart'i pl^js, 
I. Maloni. 

— 0/ any fort,] i. e. of any kind, ^orf, in our author*s age, was 
ufed for high rank, (fee p. soS.) but it fecm& from the contest te 
here the fame llgnification as at prcfent. Malons* 

toB M U C H A D O 

L/ott* A vidory is twice itfelf, when the atchlever 
brings home full numbers. I find here^ that Don Pedro 
hath beftowed much honour on a young Florentine, odl'd 

AleJ/l TAvLch deferved on his part, and equally remen- 
ber'd by Don Pedro : He hath borne himfelf beyond tke 
promife of his aee ; doin^, in the figure of a lamb, the 
teats of a lion : ne hath, indeed, better better'd ezpcfii* 
tion, than you mufl expert of me to tell you how. 

Leon. He hath an uncle here in Meffina will be raj 
much glad of it. 

M^jffl I have already delivered him letters, and there 
appears much joy in him ; even fo much, that joy coold 
not (hew itfelf modeH enough, without a badge of bit- 
ternefs *. 

Lecft. Did he break out into tears ? 

Mf^. In jgreat meafure. 

Leon, A &nd overflow of kindnefs : There are no (aces 
truer ^ than thofe that are fo wafh'd. How much better 
is it to weep at joy, than to joy at weeping ? 

Beat, I pray you^ is fignior Montanto retum'd ' fitVl 
the wars, or no ? 

MeJ/^, I know none of that name, lady ; there was nooff 
fnch in the army of any fort ^. 

Leon. What is he that yon afk for, niece ? 

Hero. My coafin means fignior Benedick of Padua. 

3 — jcy could notjbevf itfelf tnodefl enough , mthout m badge ^ to- 
ternefs.'\ This is an idea which Shakfpeare feems toiuTe been detigfatei 
to introduce. It occura again in Macbeth : 

** my plenteous joys 

*« fyanten infuilnefs, feek to bide themfelt/ei 
** In drots of forro*Uf/* StieveNS. 
A badge being the diflinguifliing mark worn in our author*! time \ff 
the fcrvants of noblemen, fee. on the lleeve of their liveries, with bit 
ufual licence he employs the word to fignify a mark or toktn in genoiU 
So, in Macbeth : 

" Their hands and faces were all Aji^V with blood." MalonI* 

4 ^»nofa;ei truer] That is, none bonder, none morefinttrt. 


' — ii fgnior Montanto return^d^ So, in the Merry Iftvet tf 

Windfor: «* — . thy rcvcrfe, thy diftancc, t\iy montant*^* SrSKVENa* 

^ wmofary fort.] i. c, of tf/»y quality above the cnun^n, WAftBotr* 



(^ O, he's itturn'd ; smd as pleaiknt as ever he was. 
tat. He fee up hb bills ^ here in Meffina> and dial- 
ed Capid at the flight * : and my uncle's fool, read- 
the challenge, fublcribed for Cupid, and challenged 
at the bird-bolt^.— I pray you, how many hath he 
d and eaten in thefe wars ? But how many hath he 
d ? ior, indeed, I promifed to eat all of his killing. 
mr. Faith, niece, you tax iienior Benedick too mn^ ; 
lie*!! be meet with you ', I doubt it not. 
Ss^ He hath done good fenrice, lady, in thefe wan* 
rai, Yoa had mufty vidual, and he hath holp to eat 
lie's a veiy valiant trencher-man, he hath an excellent 

igffl And a good foldier too, lady. 
^M/. And a good foldier to a lady :— But what is he 

fiffl A lord to a lord, a man to a man ; ftnff 'd with 
MMMMrable virtues \ 

Bifitafku hiilt arc] Beitrlce meins, diitBcaedick puUliM a 
ni chalieiife, like a prUe-fighter. So. in Niihe*a Hmrtwkhjm «• 
*»■ WsUn ftc I C96 s « -^feutMi up lUU UIm » bctrwtri or mce<^ 
It fights we ihall havei and what weapons (he will meet me at.** 

^ '^ihtEupiCmptd Mi tbt flight -.I To challenge at ihtJHibi, wan 
luUeaie to loot with an «rroftf. rftgbt meant an arrow. Stbxt* 
The i^^, which in the Latin of the middle ages was caUed/f0i^ 
* a fleet anow with narrow feathers, ufually ihot at roren. Sec 
^^tttMJtsiiiMi TtMurut p. 64, edit. 1679. Malonb. 
^-^sitkf bird-holt.1 A Mt feemi to ha?e been a general, though 
t aa BniveHal, term tor an arrow. See Miniheu's Diff. in t. Tho 
*i b ftiU ufed in the common proTerb, •< A fool*s Me U (bon ihoc** 
lit particiiiar fpccies of arrow which was employed in killing bixds« 
•calkd a ^(T^^bolt. Malons. 

Ty^ird-Mt is a (hort thick arrow without point, and fpreadlng at 
i aoraauty fo much, as to leave a flat furface, about the breadth of 
tilug. Such are to this day in ufe to kill rooks with, and are (hot 
■ a croft-bow. Stsiteni. 

•— ic'/f h mm with joMt] This is a very common expreflion in tho 
Uaad counties and fignifics bill hi your martb, h**U he e^tM with 
,' Stbbybiis. 

-* ftnff *d with sH btn^urohtt virffi/f .] Stuff 'd^ In this firfl inftancf » 
•0 iMicnloas meaning. Mr. Edwaids oblenres, that Mtdi^ in hit 

wmrfn m Serif turtf fpeaking of Adam, fays, «< --^le whom Ood 
^9k. n. P bad 

zio M U C H A D O 

Beat. It Is fi)» indeed ; he is no left duw ft finff *d i 
bat for the fluffing, — well, we are all mortal K 

Leon. Youmuftnot, fir, miftake my nieoe : therein 
kind of merry war betwixt fignior Benedick and her: tky 
never meet, but there's a flcumiih of wit between theou 

Beat. Alas, he gett nothing by that. la our left am- 
Aid, four of his five wits^ went halting off, and rnnr k 
the whole man eovcrn'd with one : fi> that if he have wit 
enough to keep himfelf warm, let him bear it ftr a ^ 
ference ' between himfelf and hu hoiie ; fix- it if all tk 
wealth that he hath left, to be known a ceafinmble oea- 
ture.— -Who is his companion new I he hath evciy moath 
a new fworn brother. 

Meff. Is itpoffible? 

Beat. Very eafily pofiible : he wean his &ith * bat «s 
the fafhion of his hat, it ever changes with the nest 

Mej: I fee, lady, the gentleman ii not ia your boob*. 

had Jir/>^ with fe many CBceUeBtqaaUtieSi^ E4wai4A|CS. Apm, 

«« whom Yoa know 

<< Of fmff'd fmfinm.*' SrsiVBiff. 
% »mhe it ft* lefstbM a ftuff \l man : hnt fir the feiffiwp,! mtB^ m . 
an nil m§rtsJ.] Beatrice ftarta an idea at the woids jfaj/V mnni uA 
prudently chcdu herfelf ia the purfnit of it. AJhfd nmm wh omW 
the many cant phrafet for a cackM, Fab m in. 

^ — /oer of hit fijft witt^ In onr aocfaor'a dmt mk was tbt |^ 
tieral term for inteUeAuai powers. The tviff iSBem to hne ben n^ 
honed five, by analogy to the five fenfes, or the five ioleCs of 

5 m^ if he hnw wit enongh t§ ketb himfjfmurmt itt tim hnnr ir fir S 
difierence &r.] Such n one has wk enoagh f heep kinfilf mam» hs 
proverbial ezpreflion. To bear any thing for a dtfirtnee^ h m fom h 
heraldry. So, in Hnmkt^ Ophelia fayi i (*^yon aiaywttrMHiiridl 

^Mtunce. Steevchs. 
<^— Atf wnri hit faith—] Not leligioai profefiioB, b«t «veMi* rf 

7 — toith the next block.] A hioek U the mooU on iridch aktb 
formed. The old writers Ibmeiimea nie the woidMrf. I«r Athtf 

Itfelf. STEEVINt. 

* '-'the gtntleman ii not in year AmIi.] Thil li ■ phnft «lbi I 
heljcve, by more than undeiftand it. Te he in ene*t hmkt hen he In mh 
codicil* or wiUy te he nmen^jriendtjtt ivmnfw itgaeiet. Joaiiten 



Beat. No : an he were^ I would born my ftudy. But, 

I pray yoo, who is his companion ? Is there no yoang 

Roarer* now, that will make a voyage with him to the 

M^. He is mod in the company of the right nobk 

Btmi. O lord ! he will hang upon him like a difeafe : 
be if iboaer caught than the peflilence^ and the taker runs 
pfcieotly mad. God help the noble Claudio ! if he have 
caught the Benedick, it will coil him a thoufand pound 
erelie be cored. 

Meff. I will hold friends with you, lady. 

Beat. Doj good friend. 

Li^m Yoa'fi ne'er run mad, niece* 

Beat, No, not till a hot January. 

Mef. Don Pedro is approach'd. 

I rather think that the books alluded to, are memorandom-bookft 
Hke the ^fidog-books of the prefent z%t. It appears to have been an« 
cientlj the cuftom to cbronicU tbefmall beer of every occurrencej whe» 
thcr Ktmrj or domeftiCf \nTabU-bG$ksm 

, It Aoald Iccm from the following pailage In the Tsmni •/ the Skntr, 
dttt thia phrafe might have originated from the Hersld*s Offia : 

** A herald, Kate ! oh, put me in thy books /** 
' After SA* the following note in one of the Harleian MSS. No. 847* 
anay be tho beft illuftradon : 

, « W. C. to Henry Frad/ham, Gent, the owener of this book s 
** Soow write their fantafiet in verfe 
** Jm thnrt hookes where they friend(hippe (hewe, 
« Wherein ofk tymes they doc rehearfe 
«< The great good will that they do owe, &c.** STiivxNf. 
Ti Af Hi « MMf^f kioks originally meant, to be in the lifl of his rr- 
ftMcrs. Sir John Mandefile tells us, « alle theniynftrellea that comcSi 
bcAfC the great Chan ben witholden with him, as of hil houihold, and 
otred ia his b—ko^ as for his own men.** Fakmsk. 

A ftr^tmt and a /otw, in Cupid*s Vocabulary, were fynonymous. 
Hence perhaps the phrafe— ro be \n a ferfin^i books^^vis applied equally 
SB the lover and the menial attendant. Maloki. 

9 ^m.fmMg ffMorer^^'] AJautrtr I take to be a cholerick, qaarrel- 
leme fcAow, for in this fen(e Shakfpeare ufes the word to fyn^re. So, 
ia the MiJfmmmer Nifbt^s Dresm, it is faid of Oberon and Titania, that 
f^ty n e v er meet hat tley fquare. So the fenfe may be, Is there n§ hot* 
Hooded ymtth tkat vi/i keep bim ttmfany tbreugb ali bis mad pranks f 


P 2 Enter 

212 M U C H A D O 

Euiir Dm Pedro* atundid by Balthazar amdothtrf; 
Don JoHN« Claudio, amd Benbdick. 

/). PcJro. Good Signior Leonato, you are come to meet 
your trouble : the faihion of the work! is to avgU cob 
and you encounter it. 

Leofi. Never came trouble to my hoiiTe in the Uketteb 
of your grace: for trouble beine gone^. oomfint' flwiiU 
remain ; but, when you depart mim me, Ibrrow abidesj 
and happinefs takes his leaver 

D. Pidro, You embrace your charge ' too willingly.— I 
think* this is your daughter. 

Ltun, Her mother hath niany times told me fo. 

Btrn. Were you in doubt* fir* that you aflcM her? 

Lton. Signior Benedick* no ; for then were you • child 

/). Pidro. You have it fbll. Benedick : we may gneftby 
this what you are* being a man. Truly* the lady ftthers 
herfelf * :-*Be happ}% lady ! for you are like an honoor- 
able &ther. 

Benu If fignior Leonato be her father* flie would ait 
liave his head on her flioulders for all MefEna, u like hiA 
as fhe is. 

Btmt. I wonder* chat vou will flill be talking, figaior 
"Benedick ; no body marks you. 

Anrr. What* my dear lady Difdain ! are you vet liviag ? 

Biot. Is it Doffible* difdain (hould die, while fhe w , 
fuch meet food to feed it* as fignior Benedick > ? Coorte^f | 
itfelf muft convert to difdain, if you come in )ier pre&ncc* 

jBrff#. Then is courtefy a turn-coat :— *Bat it u ccrtiiSf 
I am loved of all ladies* only you excepted : and I wooM 

' — j^«vr thatp^'l That ii, your bttrthm, jwt Uu»mktB»cu 

^ Tm/x* tbi iad^fiibtrt ktffd/:] 

Sic iuo fimilif patri 

Manlio, et ffcile infciif 

Nofcitecur ab omnibut, 

Et pudicicUm fiue 

Mttris indicet ore. CstttL^f, Maloni* 
1 — y«(& mntfud to /ted it^ atfi%nr Bt—iith /] A lundred thof^^ 

m§<kirs, if they encounter fuch ridiculout fubjc^ at yoa axe.*' Stbi^* 

I conl^ 


1 find in ny heart that I had not a hard heart ; for, 
I love none. 

f. A dear happinefs to women ; they would elfd 
)een tnnibled with a pernicious fnitor. I thank 
and my cold bloody I am of your humour for thit ; 
rather hear my dc^ bark at a.crow» than a man 
he lovet me« 

r. God keep your ladyftiip ftill in that mind ! h 
gentleman or other fhall 'fcape a predefUnacs 
rd face. 

r. Scratching could not make it worfe« an 'twere 
face as yours were. . 
e, . VMif yon are a rare parrot-teacher. 
/• A bird of my tongue, is better than a beaft of 

r. I would, my horfe had the fpeed of your toneue ; 
good a continuer : But keep your way o* God't 
; I have done. 
r. Yon always end with a jade's trick; I ktiowyoa 

Wr». TKis IS the fum of all : Leonatb,— figniOf Ow 
nd fignior Benedick ,*-my dear- friend Leonato hath 
d fooL all« I tell him, we (hall ftay here «t the leaft 
rA; and he heartily prays, fonie occafion may fle- 
j bnger : I dare fwear he is nO hypoctitc, but praya 
iiahmt, • 

t. If yoa<fivear, my lord, yon (ball not be ibrfwoni^ 
me bid you welcome, my lord : being reconcilea 
prince your brother, I owe yon all dui|y . 
fpbit. I thank yon^ : I am not of many words, btitr 

«. Pleafe it your grace lead on } • 
Pedro, Your hand, Leonato ; we will go together. ' 
[Exeunt a// 6ut Bekzdick, and C L a v o'la. 
mil. Benedick, didft thou note the daughter of fig- 
i#. I noud her not ; but I look'd on her. 

bmtkyoutl The poet hat judicioufly markffd tke glooniMff ti 
hn's cbasa^, by makiag him avtrfe to xKi soumoa lomi ^i 
Sir J.Ha^bjiM' 

P 3 Claud. 

ii4 M U C H A D O 

ClauJ. Is {he not a modeft young bidy I 

Bene. Do you quedion me, as an honeftman fhould doi 
for my fimplc true ju^ment ? or have^mefpeik 
after my cofiom, as being a profeflcd tyrant to their ktl 

Claud, No» I pray thee, {^akin fober judgment. 

Bene. Why, i^futh^ methinksiheris toolowfbrahi^^ 
praife, too brown for a fair praife, and too little fort 
great praife :' only i&is commeiidation I can afford her; 
that were fhe othinr than flie is, (he were nnhandfome ; 
and being no other but as (he is, I do not like her. 

Claud. Thon think'ft, I am id fport y I pray thee,. tell 
me truly how thou likeft her. 

Bene. Would you btnr her, thatyou enquire after her.' 

Claud. Can-the^vwldbuyfucha jewel? 

Bene. Yea, and a cafe to put it into. But fpeak yoa 
this with a fad Imx>w.} or do you play the Houting. Jack * ; 
catcll k»Cnpid is a good hare -finder S aadVnkanarare 

. i 
.5 -i-ii'^K/firj'Jack^] Jaclt^ in our uithor*t tlme^ I knov'oot 
why, was -A terini of contempt. So, in King Henry It^. P. I. Ad III.: 
<* —-the prince it ^Jaekp a fncak-icup." Again, in the Tluml;^ f|^ lf> 
Shree^t — 'Tr- . . • ■;; i;. 

i .. • .J : ■ *' i ■■ y. rafarf fiato,-.';.! . ." : . * 

. 3ee in MiriflfeasMi&^-jSijf,*^ A Ja^k.fywc, or faude Jsci* 
See alfo Chaufcr*6 Caii(i Tales, ver. 14816,'ai^ the note, edit. Tjt* 
^hitt. Malokz.' ■ ' - ^ 

* — ./o ull us Cupid Is a good bare-finder, &C.1 I Mieve no «o«« 
jneuit bf thbfe ludicronir expreifiont tlian thu^CUDD you mcafl, £iy> 
3chedick, to amiile uc with improbable. dories? , -^ . 

An ingenious CQrrffpoodcnt, whofe iignature is lU W» cxpUuutM 
jaflage iq the fame fei^fe, hot more amplvt . " Do yoo mean -lo tdl oi 
thit lo^tf ift not bHnd, xi^d that Arer wiil'feot conAiAie'whit i§ CDa- 
buftlble r*— for both thefe propofitions are implied in mikjng'C«|pU4 

I explain the pafTage thus : Do you fetff and moek in telling ti thei 
Cupid, wi> J is blif'd, is a goad iare-finder, which refuirtg a fmiek ff** 
Jght ; and that Fuleanf a h/aekfmith, is a ret carpenter f Tolls T* 

After fuch attempts at decent illuflration, I am afraid that he who 

\wiftei to Jcnowwiy 'Cupid is a *good kar^'finder^ muft difcovcr it by 

ths afliftance of .m»ny quibbling allufiona of the fame fort, about Mr 

and h9ar, in Mercutio's fong in Rowsea amd^ithetfJkSLllm, CoLLinit 



cvpenter ? Come, in what key fhall t man take yon, to 
go in thefong^? 

Cimui, In mine eye, ihe is the fweeteil lady that ever I 
looked on. 

Bene. I can fee yet without fpe^adeS) and I fee no 
fuch matter : there's her Gou£n» an (he were not pofle&*d 
with a fury, exceeds her as much in beautv, as the firft of 
May dodi the laft of December. Bnt I nope« you have 
no intent to torn huiband ; have yoai 

Claud. I would fcarce tnift myfelf, though I had fwom 
ehe contrary, if Hero would be my wile. 

Bene. Is't come to this, i'faith ? Hath not the world 
one man, but he will wear his cap with fufpicion * ? Shall 
I never fee a bachelor of threefcore again? Goto, i'faith; 
an thou wilt needs thruH thy neck into a yoke, wear the 
frint of it, and figh away Sundays '• Look, Don Pedro 
IS retufn'd to feek you. . < 

Jtt'-itiier Don¥nDiL9. 

D. Pedro. What fecret hath held you here, that you 
£)Uowed not to Leonato's ? 

Bene. 1 would, your jg;race would conftrain me to tell. ■ 
: D. Pedro^ I charge thee on thy allegiance. '* ^ 

' Berne. You hear. Count Claudio : I can be fecret as % 
^umb man, I would have you think fo ; but on my alle- 
gianCe,F^markyon this,on my allegiance :—-He is in love^ 
With who ?— -now that is your grace's part.-*-Mark, how 
Auirt his aafwer is >— With Hero, Leonato's (hort daughter^ 


7 mmmtogo tti tbc fcMg fj 1.' 6. Co joiQ With vou in your fong. Stssv. 

t •» OMT bk tap tviih fufpU'ipm /J That ii,. (ub]e£l his head ta the 
difeuiet of jealoufy. Johnson. 

In the Pkdce ofPUiJart, 8vo. 1566, p. 233, we hare the fbHowing 
piflafe : « Ail tnej that wear bcnut% be pasdoned to weare their capfet 
jipon their heads." I^KNDKasoN. 

In oar authors time none but the inferior dafles wore caps, and fuch 
pezfons were termed in contempt Sat^capt. All gentlemen wore batt^ 
Perhaps therefore the meaning is, js there not one man in the world pru- 
dent enough to keep out of that ftate where he muft^live in apprehenfioa 
.dut his Mtght-eap will be worn occafionally by another. So, in OtbtUt^ 
*' For I /rtfr Caflio with my iri^&^rtfp too.** Maloni. , 

V ^^figb gway SwfuUys.} A proTerbial ezpreffion to figni% that a 
•jlian has no reft at all j when Sunday, a day formerly of ealc and dl- 
jvcrfibo, was pafled ib uncomfortably. WAtBvaTON. 

The allufion U moft probably to the ftri^t manatt in which the fab- 
P 4 bath 

si6 M U C H A D O 

Claud. If this were fo^ (a were it littered '. 

Bent, Like the old tale^ my lord : it is not (b« nor 
'twu not fo s bat, indeed, God forbid it fiioald be £>. 

Claud. If my paffion change not fliortly, God foiUd it 
(hoold be otherwife. 

/). Pedro* Amen, if yon love her, for the lady is ytrj 
•well worthy. 
. Claud, You fpeak this to fetch me in, my lord. 

D. Pedro. By my troth, I (peak my thought. 

Claud. And, in faith, my lord, I fpoke mine. 

Bene. And, by my two faiths and troths, my lord, J 
fpeak mine. 

Claud. That I love her, I feel. 

D. Pedro. That ihe is worthy, I know. 

Beue. That I neither feel how (he (hoald be loved, nor 
know how (he (hould be worthy, is the opinion that fire 
cannot melt out of me ; I will die in it at tiie ftake. 

D. Pedro. Thoa wall ever an obMnate heretick in the 
defpigfat of beanty . 

Claud. And never could maintain his part, bat in tke 
force of his will '• 

Bene. Th^t a woman conceived me, I thank her ; that 
Ihe brought me up, I likewife give her moft hunUe 
thanks : but that I will have a recheat winded in my five- 
head *, or hang my bugle in an invifiUe baldri€k^ itt 

bath wai obferved by the ptritansf who ufoiUir fpsnt that day hijix^ 
oM ff^mtingtf and other nypocriticaJ mariu or devotioa. Stiitbki* 

I Claud. If tbit wtrefof Jo were it MtteMiW] Claudio, CTadiog at M 
a confeflion of his paflion, lays ; if J had really confided fich a ftflBt 
to him, yet he would have blabbed it In this manner. In U aot 
^eech, he thinks oroper to atow his lore $ and when Bencdiiik l«3f«i 
C^ifirh'ii it/>§utd htfii f . e. God forbid he (hould even wifli eo many 
licr j Claudio replies, Ood forbid I fliould not wi(h it. Stkbtbhs. 

» — *«/ in tbe force of his fvi/L] Alluding to the dciinitioB of ahr- 
retick in the fchools. wabiukton. 

y — hut that J mil hMve s recheat winded in mf/trebmiA That ib 
M wi/lwear m hem m my hrehead which the htmtjmsm may ^km. A 
reebegte is the found by which dogs are called back. Shakl^aft hadM 

nercy upon the poor cuckold, his horm is an ineshaoftihle fulgeft of 
Vierriment. Torn sow. 

A recbeate U a particular ieffbn upon the horn, to call doft back hm 
the (cent : from tbe old French word recet. HAKaf an. 

^ — baug myhMgle iu urn mvifihte hgUrUi,] Brngle, i. u bifk. 


wcMnen Ihall pardon me : Becaufc I will not do tKem the 
wibng to miftnift any, I will do myfelf the right to truft 
none ; and the fine is, (for the which I may go the finer,) 
I will live a bachelor. 

Dm Pi^rp. I ihall fee thee, ere I die, look pale with lore. 

Bem. With anger, with iicknefs, or witn hungth, my 
lord ;r not with Icn^e : prove, that ever I lofe more blood 
with love, than I will get again with drinking, pick oot 
mine eyes with a ballad-maker's. pen, and hang me up 
at the floor of a brotheUhoufe for the fign of blind Cii^d. 

D. Ptdn. .Well, if ever thon doft fall from this faith, 
thou wilt prove a nouble argument '. 

B.9m, Ul do, hang me m a bottle like a cat^, and 
ihoot at me ; and he that hits me, let him be dap'd on 
the ihdaMfir, and call'd Adam ^. 

D. Feir: Well, aMime (hall try : 
/«. iimt >At frnagi hmll dtth keaw tbe-yoki * • ' . . 

iine> The favage bull may ; but if ever the ftnfibte 
fieadsfck Bear it, pluck off the boll's horns^ and fet ibea 

a I 

huatiiig-hon* ^fae meaning fieani'to te— or thttlfhottld be com- 
pelled tpwp tay hom that I moft wiih to remain iafifibk, waik that I 
Ihoold be aSBuuned to hang openly in my belt oxhtWKJLi ^^•fi^XffiA^ 
the OMiceBaiT cuckold, that he tarries bis hwrnt im hit p^chnim- S^xsT* 

f ' mm rnk m jr^awgiif .] An eminent fubjed forfatTre. ^ Jo^Hifspfi* 

*- -^is 4 kttiU tiki tf cat,] Ai to the cat and hotttt, I tan frMnnb 
litai' Xafonnation than the following, which does not exaAly fuit with 
|hi test.' Jn-ibme conntiei of Englnid, a cat wAi httnsAj Qm ki* up 
widilbotio a wooden bottle, (fvch at that in which fliepaerda earry 
tluSr l^'por) and waa fufpended on a4ine. He .who beat .out the bottom 
M he raii ondiBr it, and was nimble enough to efgipe ita content!, w« 
■ t gw i ied aa the hero of thia inhuman di verfion, Stbivbmi* — 

To Ami at 4 r«f in a wooden hctfUt with its brad only vifible, might 
hsvB Mca one of the cruel fportt of o^f anceftora ; for I find another 
|dad of Jtorment was formerly pradiied on this animal, at £iirt, dec, 
SOftaBinibmutt^nStraffaJiftrtbiDivel/f Syo. 161^5; p. 164: 
'• -*-who*d not tnither runne, 
*< As *twere to whif thi cat at Ablngton ?** Malokb* 

7 ^^amdcaWd Adam.1 Adam BcU was a noted outlaw, and ccl». 
hratod for his archenr. Maloh t. 

Sec JUifMit •/ Aac* Enr* Pott. Vol. I. p. 141. Stbbtehs* 

* /» ismi thtfanfagi hulfdetb ttar tbe yoh.] This line is taken from 
the Spsmfi ^ragtdff or Hier§inm0, ftc. 1605. Sec a note on the left 
edit, of DodHey^s Old Plays, Vol. XIL p. 387. STtETKMS. 

The Sfaai/b Itagtdy was writtca sad a^cd before I5f j. Malonb. 


stS M U C K A D O 

in ruf ibrehcad t aod let Tileiy painted.; aii4 in kiM 
great letters as they write, . Her* is good h^rfa t% bht, k^ 
chem fignify under my ^xif^Here jm may fet BuMct^ 
the 7narry*d man, 

Claud. U this ihould erer happen^ thoa wonU'ft b^ 
bom-mad* • 

/>. Pedrt. Kiy, if Capid lutve. not fpent all kit quvc^^ 
in Venice/', - thon wilt quake for this ibortly. . . 

Bmf* I kok fbr an earthquake coo then. . . 

DiBeirb. Well, you will temoorize with the .knua; lift 
the.:ai«lult: tisie> good fignibr Benedick, repair. t» Leo* 
nato's ; commend me to iiint, and tell him^ I mill not 
fail b^ at fupper 9 for; indeed^ . he hath made .greac*pre- 

Bene. I have almoft matter enough in me £ir ibch ta 
cmbafTage ; and io I commit yo u' 

Claud. To the tuition of God ; from myi^hoofe, (if X 

iadit,)-^ . . .;. - , 

. . A P.edr9^ The fixth of July ; your loving 6iba4»Bcoe* 

Bn^^i, \^9f9 mock not, mock not : The body of voor 
difeoiirfe is iunetimes guarded with fragments '» and the 
gttanb are bot (lightly bailed oti neither : ere ym flout 
old ends iuiyfurther^ examine your oonTcience * s aivl lb 
I.leaVe yOtt«' , . lExitHwuRuict,. 

. ■ Clemd. 

9 *mf}fCt^id h^h ntifiemt mtl hk fuiver in Venice,] AU motea 
writen a^ee in reprefenting Venice in the fame Hght ' ai die fncttnti 
did Cyprui. And it is thie charaaer tyf the pei^le that It hen SUttded 
JOb- WAksvSToy* ' 

> •—guarded mntt/ragwitHett'} Ouanh were Ofiijimental lacctior bar« 
dert* Stkktkwi. 

See p. 66, n. 9. Malowi. 

% -. trtyoujhmtold tn^9 any further ytxamintyomr ceufeleireeitBdwe 
yom.eadmmour r» difiingmijb i^rfetf mnymrt iy aMtifMfttd^/mjim/tM^ 
amlM wbetberyou can fairly claim fbenrfiryour own. TWt, fdliak, it 
the meaning j or it may be irtiderftood in another fenfe, ' fymmim, if 
yihir Jsrc^mt ib not touch yonrjeff, Jornson. 

Dr. Johnibn*s latter explanauon it, I believe, the tme ^hu By old 
endt the fpcaker may mean ^e condufion of letters coanboiily ^fedia 
filukrpeare't time ; •< From my houfe this fetth of Joly, &«•- 80^ ia 
4he condufion of a letter which our author fuppofei Lncrece ta write : 
<* So I iwtmend mt from our boufe in grief; 
•« My WMt Hc tedkmSj though my woidt ait briffj* 



\d, - Mv liege, your highitefs now mM^ do'Bie.|kKML 
^edr: My love is thine to teich ; teadi it bndSow^ 
loa ihalt.fee how apt it is to learn . 
urd leiTon that nuy do thee good. 
\i. Hath Leonata any ibii» my lord ? 
'a6-«. No child bat Hero» Aie's his only heir ;: 
lOO affed her, Claudio ? i 

m/. O my lord, 

yon went onward on this ended a£Uon» 
d npon her with a foldier's eye, 
ikMy but had a roqghertailc in hand 
to dnTe liking to the name of love : 
yw I am returned, and that war-thoughts 
left their places vacant., in their rooms 
thronging foft and dencate deiires. 
Mnptihff me how fair young Hero is^ 
;, i lik d her ere I.-weijt to wars. , . ,i 

'^edro. Thou wilt be ijl^e.^ V?ver prqfei|tly« .1 ■ . 
RB the hearer with a DooKof words : .- /^ : .. \. 
I dpft |oyc fair Hero, cherilh it.; ..ii v :.; 

will break with her, and with her AtJiiqfC^ .,...^^ 
lOftihalt have her: Wg^'^t not to thi« qn^^. ,>.,\ , 
hm ^K^n'fltotwift fo&ni^.a (lory? ..;.'« ,~. .,^ 
fi/f. How fweetly do vou minifter to love, > / !-^ 
(J9I}W Ipve's grief by nis complexion !. ; o . * . 
ipy jl^lqng might too ftd<}ep/eem, . j /. ;. '. .. : 
\ lave {fill v'd i t with a longer trea tife* . ; . ; .^ 
V^r ^^^^ need the bridge much \stQi^x thM dl» 

\ .flood? :.:. ... . 

ircft grant is the neceiSity ' : .v : 

fUpfrfLuemti pi -54.7* c^t^ 17S6, and the ^o£ef then. ' 
i^ howefcr, maj refer to the* quoution that * p* ?c^ had 
im the Spsnip 'frngidf* ** Ere you attack roe on tbi; inbj«dl 
with fi-agmentt of old playt , examine whether yoii are younclf 
littpower.** So, King Riehard 1 . / . 

Wlth'ddd •Id tmdt, ftol*rt forth of holy writ.** Ma lomk. 
iby Googe thus ends hit dedication to the firft edition of P«/m* 
iiailOa 1560 : ** And thut nmrntiynw your LadiAip with all 
»/the iuickm of the moft merciful GoJit I «iiUr. From Staplc- 
London^ the cighte and twenty of March.** Rkkp. 
'frirt0 grant it tki ntctffity <1 Na one can have a better reafon 
tmg a requcft than the oeceffity of its being granted. W a a b. 


sia M U C H ADO 

Xooky wliat will ferve, is fit : 'tis cnct, tluMt lor'ft^; 

And I will fit thee with the remedy. ^ 

I know, we (hall have revelling to-nieht ; 

I will alTume thy part in fome difguiie. 

And tell feir Hero I am Claudio ; 

And. in. her bofom Til unclafp my heart. 

And take her hearing prifoner with the force 

And ftrong encounter of my amorous tale : 1 

Then, aftei;, to her father will I break ; ' 

And, the conclufion is, fhe (hall be thine : 

in practice let us put it prefently. . . . [SxttMf* 

S C E N E II. 
jf Room in L'eonatoV Hou/e^ 
EifUr LzoKATO and Antomio. 

Lion» How now, brother ? Where is my oonfittj jov 
fon ? Hath he provided this mnfidc ? 

Ant. He is rtxy bufy about it. But» brother, I en 
tell you ftrange news that you yet dream'd not of** 

Lion, Are they good ? 

Ant. As the event ftampt them ; but they luYt tm^ 
cover, they (how well outward. The prince and Qm^ 
Claudio, walking in a thick-pleached idley* in vtf or* 
chard, were thus much overheard by a man of miae: Tit 

Srince difcover'd to Claudio, that he loved my niece fB0f 
aughter, and meant to acknowledge it this night n * 
f^tanoe'i and, if he ibund her accofrdant, he meant to tdc^ 
the prefent time by the top, and inftantly break widi yof^ 

of it. 

Lt9n. Hath the fi^llow any wit that told yon thn ? 
Ant. A good fliarp fellow; I will fend for h&tn^ uA 
qveftion him yourielf. 

teon. No, no ; we will hold it as a dream, tillit ap* 
pear ilfelf : — ^but I will acquaint my daughter withal, that 

4 —once, tbit lty*ft \] Onc4 hat here, I believe, the ftfce uf m* 
.fk^MiL SO) 10 Cor'wUnut: ** Omctt if he do require our voices *< 
«iigbt not to deny him.** Maloxci. 

i^mmm thkk-pleached mUty^ UUk-fUgebod it thickly inttrvowa. 



t may be the better prepared for an aafwer, if perad- 
mtiiie this be true : Go yoa> and tell her of it* [^#- 
tral per/ns cnt/s the ftagt btr€*'\ Coufins, yon know 
hat yoa have to do.— O, I cry you mercy, friend ; go 
)o with sne, and I will afe yoar (kill :— Good coofin^ 
ive a care this bofy time. \Exnmt. 


Jmotbtr Room in Leonato^ Houjk. 

Enter Don John and CoNaAoa. 

Cm. What the good-year *, my lord J why are you thiu 
t of meafve fad ? 

D. J^«* There is no meafare in the occafion that 
eedi it, therefore the fadnefs is without .limit. 
CInr. YoQ fhonld hear reafon. 
Dm7§km» And when I have heard it, what bleffinff 

C&i. If not a prefent remedy, yet a patient fiiflferance« 
D. JW»; I wonder, that thou being (as thoa fay'ft 
« itft) bom ander Satom, goeft abont to apply a moral 
didntto'^mortifyinemifchief. I cannot hide what 
jm ' : I mnft be fad wnen I have canfe, and (mile at no 
a's jctfi^l eat when I have ftomach, and wait for no 
in's Icitee ; fleep when I am drowfy, and tend on no 
m*» bofinefs ; laugh when I am merry, and claw no 
n in hii homour \ 

Cm* Yea, but von muft not make the foil fhow of 
b« till yon may do it without controlment. Yon have 
late ftood out a^ainft your brother, and he hath ta'en 
la newly into his grace ; where it is impofible yoa 
onU take root, but by the fair weather that you make 

* — fDOd-yctr,] A comiption ofgoajtrett luei renerea. MALOlia. 
' iesmmM hidi vbat <f «» *1 Tnii is one of our iathor*f natural 
vdtti. An cuvtous and un(ocial mind, too proud to give pleafure, 
idCoofoUen to recei\e it» alwayt endeavours to hide its malignity 
MChewoeM and from itfelf, under the plainnefs of fimple hoMftr« 
ike digDity of haughty independence. Jo mm son. 

* — claw m msM in bis bumottr,'} To eUw is to flatter. So thtptpt't 
m^kmtkit in bifliop Jewel, arc the pope*s/efff rari. The fenfe if tht 
BC io tht |^«vcrb| tUiut mMlomfiskit. Jon n ton. 


tii M U C H A D O 

yocufelf : it is needfbl that you ^me the feaiim fbryoor 
own h»rveft. 

Z). Jobn, I had rather be a canker in a hedge^ thai 9 
rofe in his grace * ; and it better fits my blood to l^ diT* 
daih'd of all, than to fafbion a carriage to rob Igve hm 
any : in this, though I cannot- be fiMd to be a flatteriig 
honed man, it mud not be deny 'd but I am a plain-dealinr 
villain. I am trailed witli a muzzle, and infranchifed 
with a cloe ; therefore I have decreed not to fin^ in my 
cage : If I had my month, I would bite ; if I had my 
liberty, I would do mv liking : in the mean time, let me 
be that! am^ and feeK not to alter me. 

Corr. Can you make no ufe of your difconteiit ? 
• D. yohn, I make all ufe ofit, for I ufe it only. Wbo 
comes here f What news, BoraChio ? 

• Entir Bon ACHio, 

Bora, I came yonder from a g;reat fupper ; duifirMM» 
ur brother, is royally .entertain'd by LcoiuM;.iiid S- 
A give you intelligence of an intended maroMe. 
D. yoJhm. Will it {crvt for «ny model .to btriUTiaiicye* 

on? What is he for a fboU th«t betrothA. hiflmif to oa^ 


. Btra. Marry, it is your brbther'a ri^ht hand* 

. D. JohM. Who? the moft exquifite Cbudio f 

« Bora. £venhe« .. .. ! v 

9 / bad rather he a canker m a hedge, thorn a rofe ni hit frmte H A 
'Uiikar it the eeinker roTe, deg^reftf qfiu^atms, or bi^ Tht tefc m, ^ 
wpivAd rather live in obTcurity the.vdid life of natiue} than owedifjnA^ 
or eftimation to my brother. He ftiU continues fait wiih ^ gloomy ia- 
dependence. But what b the meaning ofarofiln hUgraeM f JoiirioK* 

The latt^ words are intended as an anfwer to what Conraoe lus jitf 
laid— (« he jiatk ta*cn you newly into his grauj whore it It 'rr**^^ 


I gra 
that you Ihould take root^ &c.'*' la Macbeth we have a kiodnd ei- 

•* — Welcome hither i 

** J have began to tUmt thee, and will labour 

•• To make thee full of rrMpiitf .** 
u^goin, in K, Henry FL P, lift 

** ril plamt Piantagenet, root bim up who dafta.** IIaloVB* 
•Sd^ fal Shftkfpeare'a 54th Sonnet : 

M The canker blooms have full as deep a die* 

** As the perfumed tindve of the r^** .STiiTtMt. 


D. J^bih A proper fqnire ! and who> and w)io ? which 
vay looks he ? 

B^ra. Marry^ on Hero» the daughter and heir of Leo- 

D. J^bn. A very forward March-chick ! How came 

Mmra. Being entertain'd for a perfumer^ as I was 
nKridng a mofty room, comes me the prince and Clau' 
|]o« hand in hand, in fad conference ' : I whipt me be- 
dnd the arras ; and there heard it agreed upon, that the 
iffinoe flioold woo Hero for himfelf^ and having obtained 
ier» fliTe her to count Claudio. 

D. /iiAv. Come> come, let us thither ; this may prove 
bod to By difpleafhre : that young ilart-u|> hath all the 
f ksiy of my overthrow ; if I can crofs him any way, I 
ileis myielr every way : You are both fure% and will affifi 

Cmim To the death, my lord. 

D* 7«fct. Let us to the great fupper ; their cheer is the 
peater, that I am fubdued : 'Would the cook were of my 
nniid l---8hall we ^o prove what's to be done ? * 

Btm. We'll wait upon your lordfhip. [Exetmt. 

A C T IL S C E N E I. 

J Hall in Leonato'/ Hdmfe. 

Sattr LtONATO, Antokio, Hero, BsAraiCE^ mml 

Ln. Was not count John here at fupper I 

Ami. I faw him not. 

Bimi. How tartly that gentleman looks ! I never can 
lee him, but I am heart-burn'd an hour after '• 

Hero. He is of a stry melancholy difpodtion. 

t Mi fad tomfwenett] SmJ in thit, as in a former Inftanoe, fignUet 
Moms, SrsBviNt. 

ft ^^kotb fore,] i.e. to be depended on* STBBTKirt. 

1 ^kmrtrbmrti'd an bpur after,] The^ ptin commoniy odled the 
EuMrf-^vmy proceeds from an acid humour in theftomachi aad it thice- 
fore properly enough imputed to tart looks. JoMNfOV. ' 

5 Beifti 


Bfot. He were an excellent fliaii» that were mtdejuft 
in the inicl-way between him and Benedick : the. one ii 
too like an image, and fays nothing ; and the other, too 
like my lady's eldeft Ton, evermore tattling. 

L^oti. Then half fignior Benedick's tongqe in gwnt 

John's mouth, and halfcount John's melancholy io fignior 
ienedick's faccf, — 

Beat. With a good leg, and a good foot, ancle, aad 
money enongh in his purfe. Such a man would win any 
woman in tM world, — if he could get her good will. 

1/011. By my troth, niece, thou wilt never get di«e i 
huiband, if thou be fo (hrewd of thy tongue. 

Jtiu In faith, (he's too curft. 

Beat. Too curft is more than curft : I (hall leflehGod*! 
fending that way : for it is faid, Go^i/huis a curjt cmjujhtrt 
Inrnt \ but to a cow too curft he f(^nds none.. 

Lmii. So^ l>y being too curft, God will fend you i^ 

Btat, Juft, if he fend me no hufband ; for the which 
bleffinj, I am at him upon my knees tytry momiBf and 
evening': Lord I I could not endure a hulband with s 
beard on His face ^ I had rather lie in the woollen. . 

Lion. You may light upon a hufl>and, that hath no 
beard. -- . - 

Biat. What fhould I do with him ? drefs him in mf 
apparel, and make' him my waiting-gendewbman ? He 
that hath a beard, is more than a youth ; and he thtt 
. hath no beard, is lefs than a man : and he that it noic 
than a youth, is hot for me ; and he that is lefs than s 
man, I am not for him : Therefore I will even take fix- 
pence in eameft of the bear-herd, and lead his apes inii 

Lton. Well then, go you into hell. 

Biat. No ; but to the gate : and there will the devil 

meet me, like an old cuckold, with horns on his heaif 

. and fay. Get jou to bea'uen^ Beatrice ,, get j%u t$ AnaneMl 

bere^ s no place for you maids : fo deliver I up my apeif 

and away to Saint Peter for the heavens ; he fhews mi 

- where the bachelors fit, and there live we as menry lu ^ 

- day if bng. 



. Welly niece^ [to Hero.] I trail, you will be ruled 
ir father. 

t* Yes, faith; it is my coufin's doty to make 
^, and fay. Father, as it pUa/eyou : — ^but yet for all 
couiin, let him be a handfome fellow, or elfe make 
!r cnrt'fy, and fay. Father, as it pleafe me. 
r. Well, niece, I hope to fee you one day fitte4 


/• Not till God make men offome other metal 
arth. Would it not grieve a woman to be over-- 
''d with A piece of valiant dull ? to make account 
' life to a clod of wayward marie ? No, uncle, I'll 

Adam's fons are my brethren, and truly, I hold 
a to match in my kindred. 

». Daughter, remember, what I told you : if the 
; do folicit you in that kind, you know your anfwer. 
/• The famt will be in the mufick, confin, if you 
: woo'd in good d me : if the prince be too impor- 

tell him, there is meafure in every thing S ^nd 
ce oat the anfwer. For hear me. Hero ; Wooing^ 
B^f and repenting, is as a Scotch jiff, a meafure, 
cinqne-pace : the firft fuit is hot and hafiy, like s 
^ jig> uid full as fantalUcal ; the wedding, man- 
modeft, as a meafure, full of ftate and ancientrv ; and 
:omes repentance, and, with his bad legs, falls into 
aqae-pace fader andfafter, till he fink into his grave. 
0. Coafin, you apprehend pafling fhrewdly. 
tf, I have a good eye, uncle ; I can fee a church 
^« The revellers are entering; brother, make good 


I John, Borachio, Margaret^ Ursula, and 

m, maji*d, 

Pfdro. Lady, will you walk about with your friend • ? 

'iftbipriM€* be tto impdtuntf'] Imfortsnt here, and in many 

Im^ it importmiate. See p. 193, n. 6. John ton • 

•fiflv it meafure im tutry tbiHgi'\ A meafure in old Ungiiactf 

tt OKdinary meaning, fignified alfo a dance. Malonx* 

'fmtr friend ?! FrUndf in our author*! time, was the common tern 

9V€rm So aUSia Freach and Iulian« Maloiib«. 

L. n. Q^ Hero. 

226 ^ MUCH AirO 

Hers. So you walk (bftly, and look fwcctljr, ani% 
nothing, I am yours for the waik ; aadj crpecially. wh«a 
I iralk away. 

/). Ptdrt>* With me in yoar company ? 

/frrs?. I may fay fo, when I plenic. 

Z>. -Pif^ra. And when pleafeyou to fay fo ? 

Htt9~ When I like your fivour ; lor God defend, tbc 
late ihoold be like the cafe ^ ! 

D.Pitfr9. My vifor ii Phllemoti^A f6of; withm tb9 
homk ia Jove ^. 
- Htrw. Why, then your vifor Ihould be thateh*d, 

P. PidrP* Speak low* if you fp^ak Jove, l^fmktt kwt mf^d 
: Btiu. Well, I would ymi did like me. 

Marf, So would not I, for your own fake ; for I faM 
Btfuiy ill qualities. 
. .j9mr. Which ia one? 
: Morg, I fay my prayeri alotid, 

. .^<€m€. I loire you the better ; the heAfCn mzj eiy aoNQ^ 
\ Marg. God match me with i good dancer 1 

Balsk^ Amen* 

M«r^* And God keep blm out of my figlit when ill 
danco i% done \ — Anfwcr, deHc, 

Bulth. No more words ; the clerk h tnfwer'd- 
. £V< 1 1^*">^ ?^ ^^^^ enough i yoa &re &gaior Aannkl-j 

Ant* Atftwoidt I am not. 

6 — the iutt JbsuM ht lih tht raft !*\ u <■ that jrotst r«ct AiquJ 4 be It 
hom^r ^nd cosrie as your maflc. THE0B4Lt»« 

* ^ jRgr ^ifar h Pbitemnn^i to^fl tvithw tbt k^wfi h J^»e»7 Till p«* 
alludes CO the ikuvf of Baucis and Philemon, whpg at OiFTadeTcTibo 11V 
IhMijA « thiit^h^l cotCi^i (itifutU n cmil« leAi palu^H) ^^^ 
received two gnds (jtipiEcr md Mercury) under its roof, Df*fi Pe*t 
infinuitci to Hcrvi rhat thottgli hii vifo; is but «rdin^ry^ lie hm faiiu^ 
^hnig|o^//lf Within; illu^m^ cither ta hU digaltyi or the ^u«lttl«;s# 
ik mmd and pfr^^m Thiokalq. 

The line of Ovid above qdoted ii tHoc triaflaC^d by 6oUm|t X^*^ 
«« The rcw/jf thereof wai thatfhtd ail with ft/»w iind feani A it<4r.* 

• *-*jj»«J Whtti Bcnediek ftxi, fir hfafm msj trf^ ^Mttf W 
muft fupiiofe that he katei Mirgiret, and goei tft feaith of fom« «*h# 
^it* Margaret utters J wifh for a ggiod partner. Balthaiar, who ii 
reprerented as a rnAn of the feweJt wonJ^, repeats Bent^dickS Jmt^ 
I|fk4 letdi her oW^ dt-Erin^, ii b* fayt In the fbHo^rm^ Utort fpeec^ tt 
put hiniie if cci ao grc itec c cf enct of bnitfii STEtvcifi* 


Vff. IkiMwyottby the wAg:liii|;of yoarheikd. 

j6r/. To tell yon true, 1 counterfeit him. 

Urf. You could never do him fo iU^well^ 'tthlefs you 
were the \txy man : Here's his dry hand » up and dom } 
you are he, you are he. 

Ant, At a word, I am not. 

Urf. Come, come \ do you thinks t do net know you 
by your excellent wit ? Can virtue hide itfelf? Go to, 
zBum, you are he : gcaces will appear^ and there's an end« 

Bttu. Will not you tell me who told you fo I 

Bent. No> you (hall pardon me. 

Beat. Nor will you npt tell me who you are f 

Bent. Not now. 

Beat. That I was diidainful'^-and that I had my good 
wit out of the Humlfed merry Tales ■ ; — Well, this was fig- 
nior Benedick that faid fb. 

Bern. What's he? 

Beat. I am fnre» yoa know him well enough. 

Bern. Not I» believe me. 

Beat. Did he never make you laugh ? 

Bene. I pray you, what is he ? 

Beat. Wh^> he is the prince's jefter : a very ddl fed ; 
oaly his gift b indevifing impoffible flanders* : none but 
liberciats d^ght in him ; and the commendation is not 

9 — his dry hand\ A drf hand wai ancientiY regarded as tht %ii 
of a cold conftitudon. To this Maria, in ^mtlfih Eighty aUudts | 
A£tl, fciii. Stxxvins. 

't ^^ Hundred Merry Tales',] The book, to which Shaldpeare aU 
lodes, was an old tranflatlon of La cent Nw^tlies NoMvtUtim Th^ 
original was published at Paris, in the bhick letter, before the fear 
X^M, and is faid to have been written by fome of the royal family of 
France. Ames mentions a tranllation of it prior to the time of Shak* 
fpeare* Of this colledion there are frequent eatries In ihe regtftcr of tktf 
Sutioner&* Company. The firft 1 met with wu in Jan. 1581. Stbivs* 
This bdolc Was certainly printed before the year 15759 and in much 
repute, as appears from the mention of it in Laneham*s Letter [concerning 
tk* entertainment at Kenelworth Caftle]. It has been fuggefted to me, 
ttat HKre is no other reafon than the word hundred to fuppoi^i this book 
a tranflation of die Cent Ntuntelles NcuveUes. R a i o. 

< • ^"^hh rift is in dtnfini impoffible pandits 1] Imf^ffHlt (landers are, 
I fuppofe, luch flanders as, from their abfurdity and impoflibUityi bfing 
their own confutation widi them. Johksom* 


in his wit^ but in hb villainy ^ ; for he both j^leafeth mdD> 
and angers them, and then they laugh at mm, and beat 
him: I am fure, he is in the fleet; I would he had 
boarded me. 

Bene, When I know the gentleman, I'll tell him what 
you fay. 

Beat, Do» do: he'll but break a comparifon or two 
on me ; which, peradvcnture, not mark'd, or not laughed 
^t, fbrikes him* into melancholy ; and then there's a par- 
tridge' wing faved, for the fool will eat no fupper that 
nig]^ [Mu/icA ixjithin. ] We mufl follow the leaders. 

Bene, In every good thing. 

Beat, Nay, if they lead to any ill, I will leave them at 
the next turning. [Dance, Then exeunt all but Bm J«hn» 


Z>.- John, Sure, my brother is amorous on Hero, and 
hath withdrawn her father to break with him about it : 
The ladies follow her, and but one vifor remains. 

Bora, And that is Claudio : I know him by his bearing^* 

/)• John, Are you not fignior Benedick ? 

Claud, You know me well ; I am he. ' 

D, John, Signior, you arc very near my brother in his 
love : he is enamour'd on Hero ; I prav you, diflbade 
him from her, fhe is no equal for his birth : you aiay da 
the part of an honeft man in it. 

Claud, How know you he loves her ? 

D. John, I heard him fwear his affedlion. 

Bora, So did I too ; and he fwore he would marry hd 
to-night. 1 

D, John, Come, let us to the banquet. \ 

[Exeunt Don John and BoRACHlOr } 

Claud, Thus anfwer I in name of Benedick, \ 

*Tis certain fo :— the prince wooes for himfelf. i 

But hear thefe ill news with the ears of Claudio.— 

^ J — A;i villainy ;]. By which flic means his malice and impiety. By 
his impious jefts, ihe infinuates, he tUaJed libertines) and by his i^* 
vifing fianders of them, he angered them. WAtBvtTON. 

4 '—his bearing.] i. e. his carriage, his demeanour* So, in Mieefer%^. 
fwr Mtajurt : 

" How I may formally in pcrfon hear me, 

<< iJkc a true friar.'* Stxxtxmi, ^ 

Friendfl^ : 


'liendlhijp Is conftant in all other things, 
ave in the office and affairs of love : 
"herefore, all hearts in love ufe their own tongues ' ; 
.ct cvciy eye negotiate for itfelf, 
ind tmft no agent : for beauty is a witch, 
Ininft whofe charms faith melteth into blood *. 
^his is an accident of hourly proof, 
(Hikh I miftruibed not : Farewell therefore, HeroJ 

Re-enter Be n eo i ck, 

Sent* Count Claudio ? 

Clamd. Yea, die fame. 

Bene. Come, will you go with me ? 

•CLuul. Whither ? 

Bine. Even to the next willow, about vour own bufi- 
cfs, coant. What fafhion will you wear tne garland of? 
kboot vour neck, like an ufurer's chain ^ ? t>r under your 
rm, like a lieutenant's fcarf ? You muft wear it one way, 
ar the prince hath got your Hero. 

Clumd. I wiih him Joy of her. 

Bent. Why, that's fpoken like an honeft drover ; <o 
hey fell boliocks. But did you think, the prince would 
Ave ferved you thus ? 

Clamd. I pray you, leave .me. 

5 Tbenftrty all hearts in love &c.] Let^ which Is iboifd lA the next, 
ipe, is luiderftood here. Malonz. 

* I beauty is a witiby 

Ardinfi yobejt charms faith melteth into blood.] i. e; it wtx whea 
ippofed to the fire kindled by a witch, no longer prefenrcs the figure of 
he peribn whom it Wju defigned to reprcfent, but flows into a (hapdefi 
«np| fo fidelity, when confronted with beauty, difTolves into our 
nfing pafiion, and is loft there like a drop of water in. the fea. St bit. 

Blood f I think', means here amorous defire. See p. 48, n. 7. So alfo in 
^be Mifebaat of yettieOf p. 11 : !< The brain may devife laws for the 
ilood, ftc. Malonz. 

7 — ir/Wr^*j chain f] Chains of gold, of conAderable value, were in 
rar anthor^s time ufually worn by wealthy citizens, and others, in the 
^ae manner as they are now by the aldermen of London. See tbePw 
ntaBf AdIIl.fc.iii j Aiyumaxar^ACtl. fc. iii. and other pieces. Rzz«d« 
Ufiiry feems about this time to have been a common topick of invediye. 
f have three or four dialogues, pafquils, and difcourfes on the fubje^ 
irinted before the year 1600. From every one of thefe it appears, that 
he wctyhantt were the chief ufurers of the age« Stzzvzms. 

0^3 fi^^h 

^ja M U C H A D a 

Bene. Ho ! now you ftrikc like the blind man ; *tw« 
the boy that dole your meat, and you'll beat the poft. 

Claud, If it will not be. Til leave you. [Exit. 

Bene. Alas, poor hurt fowl I Now will he creep imp 
fedges. — But, that my lady Beatrice fhou^d know me, and 
not know me I The prince's fool I— Ha ? it may b«, I go 
under that title, becaufe I am merry .-^Yea ; but &• j I 
am apt to do myfelf wrong : I am not fo reputed : it is 
the bafe, though bitter diipofition of Beatrice, that puts 
the, world into her perfon ^, and fo gives me out. Well, 
I'll be revenged as I may. 

Re-enter Don Y^D^o 9 Hero, an^LaoNATQ. 

D. Pedro. Now, fignior, where's the count? Did you 
fee him ? 

Bene. Troth, my lord, I have plav'd tbf pan of My 
Fame. I found him here as melancholy as a lodf^ im i 
warren ' ; I told him, and, I think, I told him trM^ that 
your grace had got the good will of this young U4y^i 

S — TVtf, but fo;] But hold; foftly}— «ot fo f«/l« Malomk* 

^ .^'itu the ^«/tf, though bitter ^ Sffo/iiioH of Bittrke, v^h^pmttthi 
Wtrld int^ her perfM^I That is, It it ib§ Mfpofithm 0/ Btairkt^ wh 
takes upon bir to perjonate the world f and tbertfin rtfrtfmit tAf wtrU 
as faying wbat ft>e only fays berfelf. 

Baftf though hitter. I do not underftand how hafe and bitter are io- 
confident, or why what ii bitter Aould not be bafe. I belicfc, w may 
tiStXy read, It is the bafe, the bitter difpofitien. Johnson. 

The bafe though bitter, may mean, tne itUnatured^ thou^ JBitty* 


* — i 45 melancholy as a lodge in a warren ^] A parallel thought Q^ 
curs In the firft chapter of mi ah, where tha prophet, deicxihioi tltt 
defolation of Judah, fays : « The daughter of Zion is kft a« a cottagl 
in a vineyard, as z lodge in a garden of cucumbers, ftc.** I am iafonaedt 
that oeir Aleppo, thefe lonely buildings are ftili made ufe of, it being 
neccflary, that the fields where water-melons, cucumbera, &e. art 
raifcd, fliould be rcgufarly watched. I learn from Thomas Ncvrton'J 
Herball to the Bible, 8vo, 1587, that «< fo foone as the cucumben, &«• 
be gathered, thefe lodges are abandoned of the watchmen and keepers, 
and no more frequented.'* From thefe forfaken buildings, it fhoviA 
Ibem, the prophet takes his comparifon. 3tisvkns* 

^ '^of this young lady j] Benedick fpeaks of Hero at if (he were tn 
the flage. Perhaps, both (he and Leonato, were meant to make their 
entrance with Don Pedro. When Beatrice enters, ihe is fpokca of as 
coming in with only Claudio. Stesvcns. 

I have regalated the entries accordingly. Ma lone* 



AB6uT nothing. Mfi 

oScnd him my comMny to ji willow tutfj eidier to 
him n garland, as ocing forfakenj or to hind hiai 
cxl, as teing worthy to be whipt 
F44r$. To be whipt \ What's his fanlc } 
t. The flat tranfj^rei&on of a fchool-boy ; who> be* 
vqoy'd with finding a bird's neftj flifws it hit com- 
I, and he fteaU it. 

?§Jr: Wilt thou make a traft a tranfgrei&on ? Th^ 
reffon is in the dealer. 
f. Vet it had not been amifs« the rod had been 

and tho garland too ; for the jgarland he migli^ 
uron himfelf ; and the rodi he mi^t have beftow'd 
a, w]»9 as I take it, have fkol'n his bird's neft. 
Pftbr9. I will but teach thorn to fing, and rcflor# 
ID thi owner. 
4. IS their finging anfwer yWr iaying, by my faith, 


^§dr§. The lady Beatrice hath a Quarrel to yoo } tho 
»an« that danced with her> told her> Ibe is much 

te. 0» (he mifttfed me pafl the endurance of a block; 
%9 bn^ with one green leaf on it, woold have an- 
i her ; my vtry vifor beg;an to affumo life and (cold 
her: She told me, not thinking I had keen myfelf, 
[ wai the prifice's jefter ; and that J was duller than 
st thaw ; huddling jeft upon jeft, with fuch impot* 
umveyance^, upon me, that I ftood like a man at a 
» wiu a whole armv (hooting at me : She fpeaka 
ids, and every word ftabs : if her breath were aa 
le as her terminations, there were no 'living neat 
bo would infeft to the north ftar. I would not many 
Jiongh ihe were endowed with all that Adam had let^ 

>futb i»poiible toBvrfBmetf'] I believe the metnlna Xp'^wtth a 
f tfWMi f that ^juggieriy wke itppmr U fprfirm impoffibilidef. 
ve the fame epithet again in Tiveijib Night ^-^^ there U mi 
m can ever hellevc fuch imtojt^lt pafTagc* of grofihefi.** So 
ijM in the Jliitry Wivn •/ mndfor^ « I will examine impfftSt^ 
'* C»Mwyauct was the cpmmon term in our aothor't time for 
afksMdm Malonb. 

iffiSie may be licentioufly ufed for umMCtwmahk* Beatrice has 
r (aid, that Benedick laveats imp^bU (laiMJen. Stixyiks. 

Q.4 *"* 

132 M U C H A D O 

]um before he tranfgrefs'd : (he woald have made Her-' 
culcs have tum'd fpit ; yea, and have cleft his club to 
make the fire too. Come, talk not of her ; you fliall 
£nd her the infernal Ate -*- in good apparel. I would to 
God, fome fcholar would conjure her : for, certainly, 
while (he is here, a man may live as quiet in hell, as in 
a fanduary ; and people fm upon purpofc, becaufe they 
would go thither : fo, indeed, all difquieta horror, and 
perturbation follow her. 

Enter Claudio and Beatrice. 

D. Pedro, Look, here (he comes. 

Bene. Will your grace command me any fervice to the 
world'6 end? 1 will go on the flighted errand now to Ac 
Antipodes, that you can devife to fend me on ; I will 
fetch you a tooth-picker now from the fartheA inch of 
Alia ; bring you the length of Prefter John's foot ; fetch 
you a hair off the great Cham's beard * ; do you any em- 
oaiTage to the Pigmies, rather than hold three words con- 
ference with this harpy : You have no employment ibr 
me ?^ 

D. Pedro. None, but to defire your good company. 

Bene. O God, fir, here's a difh I love not ; I cannot 
endure my lady Tongue. 

D. Pedro. Come, lady, come ; you have loft the heart 
of fignior Benedick. 

Beat. Indeed, my lord, he lent it me a while ; and 1 
gave him ufe for it *, a double heart for a fingle one : 
marry, once before he won it of me with falfe dice, there- 
fore your grace may well fay, I have loft it. 

D, Pedro. You have put him down, lady, you have 
put him down. 

4 — p tbt infernal Ate—The gcddefs of revenge. Stixvxns. ^ 

5 '^ bring you the length of Frefier Jobn^s foot 5 fub you a hair cff 
the great Chami htetrd\\ i. c, I will undertake the hardeft uflc, ratb^* 
than have any converfation with lady Beatrice. Alluding to the di^ " 
culty of acceis to either of thpfe monarchs, but more particularly ^^ 
the former. Stz evens. ^ 

^ '^l ga've bim uftfor it,] Ufe, in our author's time, meant inten^ 
of money. Maloni* 


B:jf, So 1 would not he fhould do mc, my lord, left I 
(hould prove the mother of fools. I have brought count 
Clandio, whom yoo fcnt me to feek. 

D.P9dr§. Why, how now, count ? whetefbre are too 

CImai. Not lad, my lord. 

D.Ptdn. How then? Sick? 

CUmd, Neither, my lord. 

Bun. The count is neither ikd, nor iick, nor merry, 
Aor well : but civil, count ; civil ai an orange ', and 
jomfthing of that jealous complexion. 

D. P«m. I'faith, lady, I think your blazon to be true ; 
thoi^h, ni be fwom, if he be fo, his conceit is ^Ife. 
Here, Qandio, I have wooed in thy name, and fair Hero 
ia won; I have broke with her ftther, and his good will 
obtained : name the day of marriage, and God give thee 

Limt. Coont, take of me my daughter, and with her 
nyfivtimes: h^s grace hath made the match, and all 
gnce fay Amen to it ! 

Bemt. Speak, count, 'tis your cue. 

Clmmd, dilence is the perfedteft herald of joy : I were 
but litde happy, if I could fay how much.-^Lady, as you 
acre mine, I am yours : I give away myfelf for you, and 
dot^ upon the exchange. 

BtiU. Speak, couiin ; or, if yon cannot, fiop his 
ttoath with a kUs, and let him not fpeak neither. 

/>. P$dro. In faith, lady, you have a merry heart. 

Beat* Yea, my lord ; I thank it, poor fool *, it keeps 
on the windy fide of care : my coufin tells him in his ear, 
that he if in her heart. 

Clemd^ And fo (he doth, couiin. 

Btat* Good lord, for alliance ^ !— Thus goes Vittj one 

7 .. tmil ut MM orange,'] This conceit likewife occun in Naihe^t 
fturLmertionfmudf 1593 :— -*< for the order of my life, it it at e'tm^M 
A^TMfr.** Stsxyins. 

* — poor fooli\ This was formerly an eipreflion of tendemefs. See • 
ting Ltar^ laft fcene. « And my poor fool is hang*d." Malonx. 

^ Good lordf for alJiance !] Claudio has juft called Beatrice compm, I 
Aippofe, therefore, the meaning is,— iGood Lord, here have I got a new 
kiniGaMii by marriage. M alone. 


,34 II U C H A D O 

to the worU bat I, and I am fan^bom'd'; I may fit iia 
corner, and cry, beif h ho ! for a hafband. 

D. Fedro. Lady Beatrice, I will get yon one. 

Beat . I would rather have one of yoor fatlier's gfldng : 
Hath your grace ne'er a brother like yon ? Your hmx 
^t excellent hulbands, if a maid coold come by them. 

2). Fedro. Will you have me, lady ? 

Beat. No, my lord, nttlefi I might haTO oaother {or 
working days ; your grace is too coftly to wear every 
day :— 'But^ I beieech your grace, pardon me | { wu 
born to fpeak all mirth, and no matter, 

D.Pedro^ Your filence moft offends me, woA t9 be 
mtny beft becomes you ; for« out of qoeHioii, yoa wkc 
born in a merry hour. 

Beat. No, fore, my lord, my mother cry'd^ but thea 
there was a ftar danced, and under that was I bcmu«- 
Coufins, God give you joy. 

Z./0«. Niece, will you look to thofe things I told yoa of? 

Beat. I cry yoa mercy, uncle.-«-By your grace's ptr- 
^n. [Ax//SiATaic£« 

D. Pedro. By my troth, a pleafant-fpirited lady. 

Le9n. There's little of the melancholy element in her ', 
my lord : (he is never fad, but when fhe fleeps | and not 
ever fad then ; for I have heard my daughter iaj, ihe 
hath often dream'd of unhappinefs^ and waked nerfelif 
with laughing. 

/>« PearQ. She cannot endure to hear tcQ of a ba/band« 


* Thut gott evmy •m H tht nvmU hut J, snil €m fim-kanfd i\ ¥n>at 
•• it, #0 Fi t% tbi iiw4df perhaps, to enter by manriags 'mt% a fttM 
ftatc. Shakrpeare in jtlPi JVell that ends H^ell, ufes the p^raib t9 gtf 

^iVforU for marriage. But why is the unmarried hdy fit u-hurmt f Jouvi* 
I am fitn-hurnt may mean, I have loft my beauty, and am eonfe* 
^wntly no longer fuck an objcft ae can tempc a man to nunrry. 


» TA«rr^i Vtttk •/ the melancholy dement m htrA « Doea not our 
lire confift of the feuv ekmmit r' fays Sir Toby, in Twelfth Night. So 
alfo in Xing Henry r: «« He is pure air and fire, and the dullehmmtj^ 
tmth and nnOHr nerer appear in him.** Maloni. 

^ mmjbebaib often dreamed ef nnh«ppi»els,] Umhaffimefk fignifits n 
^d, wanton, unlucky trick. Tkus JBeaiunont aad Fletcher, io their 
•cunMdf ^th9 Maid ef the Mm4 


\40m. Om by no means^ ihe vocks all bet iraoera oul 

). Pntro. She were an excellent wife fiur Btnedidc. 
;^««, O I«ord« mv lord, if they weie bat a week awr* 
la tbay would talk themielves mad. 
^^^mbr^ Coont Claudio, wben mean yon to go to 

7Luui, To-morrow, my lord : Time goes on cratches, 
love have all his rites. 

'»e§m. Not till Monday, my dear fon, which is hence a 
feven-night ; and a time too brief too« to have all 
&9t nifwer my mind. 

E>. Pedrt. Come, you fhake the head at fo lomff « 
bathing; bat, I warrant thee, Claodio, the time lEall 
I go dwiy by us : I will, in the interim, undertake one 
Hefcokt* labours ; which is, to bring iignior Benedick, 
I tkn lady Beatrice into a moontain of afFedion ', the 
f with the other. I would fain have it a match $ and I 
ibc DOC but to fafluon it, if you three will but minifter 
h affiftance as I (hall give you direction. 
SfM. My lord, I am for you, though it coft me ten 
[hu' watchings. 
Cimnd. And 1, my lord. 
D. Ptdro. And you too, gentle Hero ? 
£f#r». I will do any modeS office^ my lord, to help my 
ifla 19 a good huiband. 

0. P§dr0. And Benedick is not the unhopeftlkft huf^ 
•d that I know : thus far can I praife him ; he is of a 
>le ftrain *, of approved valour, and confirmed honeiy. 
rill teach you how to humour yoor couAn, that flie Audi 

** Mfy dreamt ar§ like my thonghttf bontft and hHHftit t 

<< TWf tfr« unhappy. *' Waibvetok. 
I ^m^imf m mounuin of affta'tini^ By a monntam of t^fUHmtf I 
ieve, h meaot .. great deal •J aftc^oa. Thiit, in JC. |f#iriy VIW 
z jia of glof^ )'* in Hamlet, « a fea of trooblei.** Again, in 
»wel*i Hijk of Venice : ** —though they fee mouHtaiw$ of miferi^ 
ifcd on •ne*s back." Again, in the Com»df •/Errort t H— the iii««s- 
9 of mad fleft that claimt marriage of aae.** Stsstbhs. 
Shakfpeare has many phrafes equally harih. He who vool4 basavi 
ch ezpreffioBS as a form if fortunei^ a maU efyearMytaiAa timfefi •ffr^ 
v«rtds, would not fcrupleto v/ntt a mountain 0/ aJeffioM*'*^ MAX>0Na. 
A wm^ef a nobU ftraio.l i.e. defcent. lineage. Kbbd. 

^ fall 

^3« M U C H A D O 

ftll in love with Benedick :— and I, with your two helps, 
will fo pradifc on Benedick, that, in defjpight of his quick 
wit ana his qucafy ftomach, he ihall tall in love with 
Beatrice. If we can do this, Cupid is no longer an 
archer ; his glory fhall be ours, for we are the only kve- 
£ods. Go in with me, and I will tell you my drift. 



Another room in Leonato's Hou/e, 
EnUr Don John as^BoRACHia. 

Z>. John. It is fo ; the count Claudio (hall mtrry die 
daughter of Leonato. 

Bora^ Yea, my lord ; but I can crofs it. 

Z). John, Any bar, any crofs, any impediment wffl 
be medicinable to me : I am (ick in difpleafure to him ; 
and whatfoever comes athwart his affedtion, ranges evenly 
with mine. How canfl thou crofs this marriage ? 

Bora. Not honeftly, my lord : but fo covertly that no 
^Uhonefty fhall appear in me. 

D, John. Shew me briefly how. 

Bora, I think, I told your lordfhip, a year fince, hcwr 
much I am in the favour of Margaret, the waiting gen- 
tlewoman to Hero. 

D, John, I remember. 

Bora, I can, at any unfeafonable inftant of the nighty 
appoint her to look out at her lady's chamber window. 

D, John, What life is in that, to be the death of this 
marriage ? 

Bora, The poifon of that lies in you to temper. Go 
you to the prince your brother ; fpare not to tell him, 
that he hath wrone'd his honour in marrying the re- 
nown'd Claudio (whofe eftimation do you mightily hold 
up) to a contaminated dale, fuch a one as Hero. 

D,John. What proof Ihall I make of that? 

Bora. Proof enough to mifufe the prince, to vex Clau- 
dio, to undo Hero, and kill Leonato : Look you for any 
other ifTue ? 

D, John, Only to defpite them, I will endeavour any 



S^ra. Go then, find me a meet hoar to draw Don Pedro 
id the coont Claudio, alone; tell them, that yoa knxm 
at Hero loves me ; intend a kind of zeal • both to the 
incc and Claudio, as — in love of your brother's honour 
lio hath made this match ; and his friend's reputation^ 
hio is thos like to be cozen'd with the femblance of a 
aid«»-that you have difcover'd thus. They will fcarcely 
licve thi« withont trial : offer them inftances ; whica 
all bear no Icis likelihood, than to fee me at her cham- 
rr-window ; hear me call Margaret, Hero ; hear Mar- 
net term me Claudio '; and bring them to fee this, the 
Tf vlAt before the intended wedding : for, in the mean 
me, 1 irill fo fafhion the matter, that Hero (hall be 
yfent; and there (hall appear fuch feeming truth of 
!eio'f diiloyalty, that jealoufy fhall be call'd aflarance> 
id all the preparation overthrown. 
p. J^bm. Grow this to what adverfe ifTue it can, I 
lU put it in pradHce : Be cunning in the working this» 
id thjr fee is a thoufand ducats. 

B§rm. Be thon conftant in the accufation, and my cun-> 
ne fhall not (hame me. 

D. J§lm. I will prefently go learn their day of mar- 
*gc- [Exeunt. 

• — intoidtf iind of xeaU^"] To Iniend li often ufcd by our aathor 
r to prttud* So) i n A. Rich . 71/ .*— * * intend fom e fear." M a l o n x • 
S —/«rai«« Claudio ;] Mr. Theobald propofes to ttzA Borackipp 
ftead oiCisndk* How, he aflca, could It difpleafe Claudio to hear 
I mBbeft making ufe of his name tenderly ? Or how could her 
iBiBf CUadit make the prince and Claodio bellerc that ike lofed 
wmii^f Ma LOME. 

I am not convinced that this exchange is neceflary. CUndit would 
itarally reient the circumftance of hearing another called by his own 
UMj becaofc, in that cafe, bafenefs of cie«chery would appear to be 
Egnvated by wantonnefs ofinfulc: and, at the faprie time he would 
iagiat the pcribo fo difUaguifliM to be Boracbiof becaufe Den John was 
Kviooily to have informed both kim and Don Ptdro, that Borstbte wat 
iKfavoored lorer. Stxxvxms. 

Clandio woold naturally be enraged to find his miftreft. Hero, (for 
^ be would imagine Margaret to be) addrefs Borachio, or any other 
B^» by his name, as he might fuppufe that (he called him by the name 
^ Claudio in confequence of a fecret agreement between them, as a 
^, in cafe (he were overheard ) and bt would know, without a pof- 
^*>Gty of error, that it was not Claudio, with whom in fad (he ceo- 
^^^ Malom. 


sjg muchado 


Leoaato's Garden^ 

Enter BEntDiCK. andaBoj* 

Bene. Boy, — 

£oy. Signior. 

Bene. In my ck amber- window lies a book ; bring it 
liither to me in the orchard®. 

Bey. I am here already, iir. 

Bene. I know that ; — ^bat I would have thee hcacci uA 
littt again. [Exit Boy.] — I do inuch wonder, tket eoe 
man, (eeing how moch another man is a fiiol whea he dedi- 
cates his behaviours to love, will, after he hath UugkMai 
ihch (hallow follies in others, become the armoiefet ef 
his own fcorn, by falling in love : And fucE a man is 
Claudio. I have known, when there was no BoAck 
with him but the drum and the fife ; and now had he rt« 
ther hear the tabor and the pipe : I have known, when 
he would have walked ten mile a-foot, to fee « gbod tr- 
mour ; and now will he lie ten nights awake^ camMthe 
faihion of a new doublet ''. He was wont to fpeak mb, 
and to the purpofe, like an honeft man, ana a foldier ; 
WcA now is he turn'd orthographer " ; his words are a very 

6 .» in the orchard.] OrcbMrd in onr aathor*« time fiBMifirt a |«r- 
St»* Malonx. 

7 ^^(orv'tH^ thtfa/bhn of d ntw douOtt. 1 Tblt Mly, to caalmeaMi Hi 
tiie gallants of former ages, it laughed at by all otir otoilck wnnn» St 
hi Greene's Fareweft fFvUy^ l%ii :— «« We are alonft aa fmtMStm 
the Engli(h gentleman that is painted naked, with a pake of iMfllit 
hli hand, a« not being refelved after what fitfhioa to iMTe Int coat cak** 

The Englifh gentleman in the above «ttraft aUttdas t» tf ptaKili 
Bordet iMtrodmff'nn of knowledge, K s B o • 

He it leprefented naked, with a pair of taUor*6 fcatn in «Mhiii| 
•ad a piece of cloth on his arm, with die followiftg vertet t 
** I am an £ngli(hman, and naked 1 ftaod herd, 
" Mufing in my mjrnde what rayment I AaU weie, 
** For now I will ware thit, and now I wiH wall tkat^ 
« Now I will were I cannot tell what." &«• 
See Camden*t i^Mrtffffa, 1614, p, 17. Malovs. 

» ^^oftbografber,] The old copies read--«ytitojrrMij, STKKTtit^ 
^r. Pope made the corrtdion. Mai.oh !• 

S ftntaftical 

ABOUT NOTHmo. tj^ 

iad bramiet, jvft fo many ftrange difhes. May I 
onvcrted, and fee with thefe eyes f I cannot tell - 
c not: I will not be fworn, but love may traatfbim 
an oyfter ; bat I'll take mv oath on it, till Jm kavm 
an oyter of me, he ihall never make me fiidi m 
One woman is fair ; yet I am well : another it 

a I am well: another virtooas; yetlamwdli 
1 graces be in one woaun, one woman ftall noc 
n my grace. Rich (he (hall be, that's certain | 
IT ru none; Ttrtaous, orPll never cheapen her ^ 
r ni never look on her $ mild, or come not near 
loUe, or not I to an an^ ; of good difcoarfe, aa 
mtaoficianft and her hair (hall bo of what oohkir 
to God»« Ha ! the prince and nronfienr Lovo I t 
ide me in the arbour. ^ [W#Mw<m* 

r Am Fanao, Leonato, Claudio^ 4a/ 


^§dh. Come, ihall we hear this mnfick ? 

JL Yta, my good lord :— -How ftill the evenil^ U, 

kM On jpnrpofe to grace harmonv ! 

^alrs. oee you where Benedick hath hid himfelf } 

iA tip very well, my lord : the mufick ended. 

fit Ac kid-fox * with a penny-worth. 

« '^ 

mtilmrht^h&akt^f^hmt^mrkftmlk ftcl Perhaps J9n»» 
ides tarn MOoa, Toy conmoii in toe dmt •? Shakfpeare, that 
liAf htur, Stubbt in hii anatony of Almfes, 1595* fpealdnf 
tim of women^t heads, fays, « \f^ hsve bmrt ofbtr 9wmp 

■uy all«de to the fkAJon ti w^MAti^fidft hMtr, << of whatever 
oleaAd God.** So, in a fobfequefit fcene s <* f like the new tire 
it the bmr wtn e<hought brownar.** Fines Moryfon, deferibing 
I of the ladies of Shaldpeare^s time, ibys, '<< OendewoneB irir- 
tre fownes dofe to the body, and aprons of fineiinnesu tad f» 
MHI^ yiMk dieir hsir cnrionfly knotted, and raHed tft the foR* 
rt m£fiy-i%pAn^ the cold, as they fay,] weire caps of hafar that 
nr own.** See tbt Two Gentlemtn of rtHM^ p. lyS. M ALOMX* 
w^U'ft the idd.fbx wUb it penny-^^fthA 1. e. wd viU he eren 
s fhx-now difcovered. So the word kid or kldii figHlfil^ 1a 
'. RtmauMt •/ tbt Rofly %jj%» GasY. 
aot unpoffibfe but that ShaJcfpeara chofe on dils occafion to 


D. Pidre. CooLt, Balthazar^ we'll hear that t^ 

Baltb. O good my lord» tax not fo bad a voice , 

To flander mufick any more than once. ] 

D, Pedro. It is the witneis ftill of excellency. 
To put a ftrange face on his<>wn perfedion :— 
I pray thee, iing, and let me woo no more. 

Bait If. Became you talk of wooing, I will fing : 
Since many a wooer doth commence his fuit 
To her he thinks not worthy ; yet he wooes ; 
Yet will he fwear, he loves. 

Z). Pedro. Nay, pray thee, come : 
Or, if thou wilt hold longer argument. 
Do it in notes. I 

BaJib. Note this before my notes. 
There's not a note of mine that's worth the noting^ ' 

D.Pedro. Why thefe are very crotchets tkat lie 
fpeaks ; 
Note, notes, fbrfooth, and noting * ! [MmMcIi. 

Bene. Now, Divine air / now is his fbttl iw^Ml-** 
Is it not fbange, that fheeps guts fhould hale iblli oat 
of men's bodies —-Well, a horn for my mODey« when 
all's done. 

Valth. fings. Sigh no more, ladies, J^gb no mor§^ 
Men ivere decei*uers ever ; 
One/hot in/ea, and one on foore % 
To one thing conftant never : 
Thenfigh not/o. 
But let them go. 
And be you blitb and bonwf ; 
Converting all your founds ofvfPt 
Into, Hey nonny, nonny^ 

employ an antiquated word ; and yet if any future editor fti»ld dnA 

to read-— ^{^ fox, he may obferve that Haxnlet hat faid-"«> << Wd* ^M% 

and all after.** Stiivins. 

Dr. Warburton readx, as Mr. Stecvens propofes. Malom »• 

» .^and noting !] The old copies read«Hi(iri&f#^. Thecooettw 

wu made by Mr. Theobald. Malonx, 


Siwg MO more ditties, fing no mo 

Of dumps fo duil andbeanfy % 
^bi frauds of men 'weree^uerfot 

Since fummer firft nvas ietnf/m 
Tbenfigh notfo, tec. 

iro. By my troths a good fong. 
. And an ill finger, my lord. 
dro. Ha? no; no» faith; thoa ^g*ft well 

\Mi*'\ An he had been a dog, that (hoold 
KriM thns, they would have^ hang'd him : and, I 
d, his bad voice bode no mifchief ! I had as lief 
said the night-raven, come what plague could 
ne after it. 

dro. Yea, marry ; \to Clandio]— Doft thou 
dthazar ? I pray thee, get us fome excellent mn« 
r to-morrow night we would have it at the lady 

. The befti can, my lord. [^jtiVBaltrasar* 
dro. Do fo: farewell. Come hither, Leonato; 
at it you told me of to-day, that your niece Bea- 
ts in love with fignior Benedick ? 
L O, ay; — Sulk on, Halk on, the fowl fits'. 
f Don Pedro.] I did never think that |ady would 
red any man. 

No, nor I neither ; but moft wonderful, that fhe 
> dote on fignior Benedick, whom fhe hath in all 
behaviours feem'd ever to abhor. 

'talk en, Jfalk tn, the fowl Jin ."^ This it an allufion to the 
}rft I a horfe either real or faditious, by which the fowkr an- 
eiterM himfelf from the fight of the game. Stkxtxns. 
^<w Sbreda of the oldftvaHf by John Gee, Ato« p* 13 : ** — Me- 
ehold the cunning fowler, fuch as I have knowne in the fenne 
and elfe-where, that doo ihoot at woodcodces, fnipea, and 
le, by fneaking behind a painted cloth, which ther Carrey be- 
i, having pidured in it tbe/bapt of a borfe ; which while the 
t gaseth on is knocitt downe with hale ibot, and fo put in tha 
odget,'' Reed. 
II. R Mine. 

341 M U C H A D O 

Bene. Is'tpofliblc? Sits the wind in that corner? [afi^^ 

Leon. By my troth, my lord, I cannot tell what '^ 
think of it ; but that (he loves him with an eiiraged »►/• 
fedion, — it is paft the infinite of thought*. 

D. Pedro, May be, (he doth but counterfeit. 

Claud. 'Faith, like enough. 

Leon. O God ! counterfeit ! There never was counter- 
feit of paffion came fo near the life of paflion as (he dif- 
covers it. 

D. Pedro. Why, what efiefts of paflion (hews (he ? 

Claud. Bait the hook well ; this fiih will bite. [aJUi* 

Leon. What efFedls, my lord ! She will fit yon,— Yoi 
heard my daughter tell you how. \ 

Claud. She did, indeed. 

D. Pedro. How, how, I pray you ? Yoo amaze mc: I 
would have thought her fpirit had been invincible againft 
all affaults of afFe^ion. 

Leon. I would have fwom it had, my lord ; efpedtU/ 
againft Benedick. 

Bene, [a/de.] I (hould think this a gull, bat that the 
white-bearded fellow fpeaks it : knavery cannot, fare, 
hide himfelf in fuch reverence. 

Claud. He hath ta'en the infection ; hold it np. [a/Ji' 

D. Pedro. Hath (he made her affedion known to Be- 
nedick ? 

Leon. No; and fwcars fhe never will : that's, her tor- 

Claud. 'Tis true, indeed; fo your daughter fays: 
Shall /, fays (he, that ha<ue fo oft encountered him witk 
fcorn, 'Write to him that I lo<ve him ^ 

Leon. This fays fhe now when fhe is beginning to 
write to him : for Ihe'll be up twenty times a night; afli \ 

4 — hut that fit lo'ves him vtitb an enraged affeSionf^e is ps/^tiellA' * 
nlte of thought.] The plain fenfe is, / know not what to think otheruikt 
hut that Jhe loves him with an enraged affeBion : It (this aflvdioii) ii pit 
the inHnice of thought. Infinite is ufed by more careful writen ^ 
indefinite : and the fpeaker only means, that thougbty though in iticU 
unfounded, cannot reach or cftimate the degree of ner paflion. Jobmi* 

The meaning, I think, is, hut with what an enraged affeSiom pe itvet 
hioif it it beyond the power of thought to eonee'tve, M a L o m x • 



^trc will (he fit in her fmock, till (he have writ a flicct 
^f paper ' : — my daughter tells us all. 

CUuif. Now you talk of a (heet of paper, I remember 
* pretty jell your daughter told us of. 

LtdM, O, — When flie had writ it, and was reading it 
c>ver, ihe found Benedick and Beatrice between the 

C/oMi/. That. 

Leon. O, ihe tore the letter into a thoufand half-pence ^ ; 
nird at herfelf, that fhe (hould be fo immodeft to write 
to one that fhe knew would flout her : / meafure him, fays 
^9 hy my own Jpirit ; for, I Jhould flout bim, if be *writ 
f$ m£ i jidp though I Io*ue him, I Jhouli. 

CUmd* Then down upon her knees ihe falls, weeps, 
bbs, bcitts her heart, tears her hair, prays, curfes ;— - 
0/w€€t inudicA ! God give me patience! 

Leon. She doth indeed ; my daughter fays fo : and the 
x&SLcy^ hath fo much overborne her, that my dauehter is 
ibiiietime afeard ihe will do defperate outrage to herfelf; 
[tit very true. 

5 nis fayt pt now when fht U leginning to write to him : forJbiUhe 
wf ttoenty times « night $ and there tvilljhejit in her fmoekf^ili we have 
writ s /beet of paper :'j Shakfpeare has more than once availed himfelf 
Dffuch ioctwus ai occurred to him from hiftory, &c. to compliment 
the princes before whom hit pieces were performed. A ftriking in- 
ftance of flattery to James occurs in Macbeth ; perhaps the paflage here 
quoted was not left grateful to Elizabeth, as it apparently alludes toaa 
extraordinary trait in one of the letters pretended to have been written 
Mj the hated Mary to Bothwell. 

« I am nakitf and ganging to deep, and zit I ceafe not to fcribble 
all chit papir, in fo meikle as reft is thairof.** That is, I am naked^ 
iod foing to fleep, and yet I ceafe not to fcribble to the end of my 
ptper, mochas there remains of it unwritten on. Hinlsy. 

^ OfJ^ tore the fetter into a thottfandhilf-^nct ;] i. e. into a thou- 
Cuid pieces of the fame bignefs. So, in^j^cu like it: — <*they were all 
flk MM another f as halfpence are,"" Theobald. 

A farthing, and perhaps a halfpenny, was ufed to fignify any fmaU 
patideor divifion. So, in the character of the Priorefs in Chaucer: 

** That in hire cuppc was no ferthing fcne 

** Ofgrefe, whan (hedronken haddehire draught.** the Cant. Tales, late edit. v. 135. Stxztins. 
* — tf*^ the ecflacy] E eft acy formerly fignified a violent ^erfirr^tfrio« 
efmnd* So, in Afj<-^rri>; ^-^inreftlefsecftacy**. M alone* 

R 2 D.Pedro. 

244 M U G it ADO 

D. Pedro. It were good, that Benedick knew of it by 
feme other, if (he will not difcover it. 

Claud. To what end ? He would bat make a fport of 
it, and torment the poor lady worfe. 

D. Pedro. An he (hould, it were an alms to hans; him : 
She's an excellent fwcet lady ; and, out of all mfvamt 
Ihe is virtuous. 

Claud. And fhe is exceeding wife. ^ 

D. Pedro. In every thing but in loving Benedick. 

Leon. O my lord, wifdom and blood ^combating in b 
tender a body, we have ten proofs to one, diat blood 
hath the vidlory. I am forry for her, as I havejoft twdk, 
being her uncle and her guardian. 

D. Pedro. I would, (he had beftowM this dotige oa 
me ; I would have daff'd * all other refpe6b, aid mAt 
her half myfelf: I pray you, tell Benedick of it, and heir 
what he will fay. 

Leon. Were it good, think you ? 

Claud. Hero thinks furely, (he will die : for flic fin^, 
Ihc will die if he love her not ; and (he will die ere flic 
make her love known ; and (he will die if he woo her, 
rather than (he will 'bate one breath of her accofiom'd 

D. Pedro. She doth well : if (he (hould make tender 
of her love, 'tis very poffible, he'll fcom it ; for die mMi 
as you know all, hath a contemptible fpirit •. 

Claud. He is a very proper man*. 

D. Pedro. He hath, indeed, a good outward happinds* 

7 -— wifdom and blood—] Blood is here as in many other placet xH 
by our author in the iznit of pajpon^ or rather temperament AMf* 


« — have dafTd— ] To daffU the fame as to dof^ to do efft^jfi' 
afide. Stzkvkns. 

9 — contemptihU fpirit.'] That is, a temper inclined to fcOfA i»* 
contempt. It has been before remarked, that our author ufes his nf^ 
adjedtives with great licence. There is therefore no need of cbM|iflC 
the word with firT. Hanmerto tontemptuoui. Johnson* 

In the argument to Dariusy a tragedy, by lord Sterline, 1603, it «• 
faid, that Darius wrote to Jlexander « in a proud and eontempti^U maA-* 
ner.'* In this place eontemptible certainly means contemptuemt, Stbi'* * 

^ — a very proper maM.j i. e. a very handfome m«n« See Vol. I* F* 
i6o« Malons. ^ 


CUmd. *Fort God, and in my mind, very wife. 

D.Fidro. He doth, indeed, ihew fome fparks that are 
like wit. 

Clamd. And I take him to be valiant: 

D. FUrc. As Hedor, I a(rure you : and in the ma- 
naging of quarrels you may fay he is wife ; for either he 
avoids them with great difcretion, or undertakes them 
with a moft chriftian-like fear. 

LiOH. If he do fear God, he muft neceifarily keep 
peace ; if he break the peace, he ought to enter into a 
quarrel with fear and trembling. 

D. Fidro. And fo will he do ; for the man doth fear 
God, howibever it feems not in him, by fome large jefis 
he moll make. Well, I am forr^ for vour niece : Shall 
we go feek Benedick, and tell him of her love ? 

Cuuui* Never tell him, my lord ; let her wear it out, 
with good connfel. 

LeM. Nay, that's impoffible ; (he may wear her heart 
oat firft. 

/>. Fedr; Well, we will hear further of it by your 
daughter ; let it cool the while. I love Benedick well ; 
and I could wifh he would modeftly examine himfelf, to 
fee how much he is unworthy to have fo good a lady. 

Leon. My lord, will vou walk ? dinner is ready. 

CUuut. If he do not dote on her upon this, I will never 
trad my expedation. \afidi. 

D. Pedro, Let there be the fame net fpread for her, 
tad that muft your daughter and her gentlewomen carry. 
The fport will be, when they hold one an opinion of 
another's dotage, and no fuch matter ; that's the fcene 
tux I would fee, which will be meerly a dumb fhow. 

Let OS fend her to call him to dinner. [afide, 

[Exeunt Don Ted KO, Cl audio, and Leouato, 
Bene, [advancing.] This can be no trick: The con- 
ference was fadly borne'. — They have the truth of this 

frwn Hero. They feem to pity the lady ; it feems, her 

iffe^ons have the full bent*. Love me ! why, it muft be 

' — was (adly home.] i. e. was ferioody carried on. Stixvins. 

* — hove tbt fuU bent.] A metaphor from archery. So, in Hamlet : 
** They fool me to the top of my ^rnr."* Malonx. 

R 3 requited. 

3146 MUCH ADO 

requited. I hear how I am cenfured : they fay, I will 
bear myfelf proudly, if I perceive the love come from 
her ; they fay too, that (he will rather die than give any 
fign of affeftion.— I did never think to marry : — I mull 
not fcem proud : — happy are they that hear their de- 
tradions, and can put them to mending. They fay, the 
lady is fair ; 'tis a truth, I can bear them witnefs : and 
virtuous ; — 'tis fo, I cannot reprove it : and wife, bat 
for loving me ; — By my troth, it is no addition to her 
wit ; — nor no great argument of her folly, for I will be 
horribly in love with her. — I may chance have fome odd 
quirks and remnants of wit broken on me, becaufe I have 
rail'd fo long again ft marriage : But doth not the appe- 
tite alter ? A man loves the meat in his youth, that he 
cannot endure in his age : Shall quips, and fentences, 
andthefe paper bullets of the brain, awe a man from the 
career of his humour ? No : The world muft be peopled. 
When I faid, I would die a bachelor, I did not think 1 
(hould live till I were marry'd. — Here comes Beatrice : 
By this day, (he's a fair laay : I do fpy fome marks of | 
love in her. 

Enter Beatrice. 
Beat. Againft my will, I am fent to bid you come in 
to dinner. 

Bene, Fair Beatrice, I thank you for your pains. 
Beat. I took no more pains for thofe thanks, than yoa 
take pains to thank me ; if it had been painful, I would 
not have come. 

Bene. You take pleafure then in the meflage ? 
Beat. Yea, juft fo much as you may take upon a knift'^ 
point, and choke a daw withal : — You have no ftomachi 
fig nior ; fare you well. • [Exit* 

Bene. Ha ! Againft my luill I am fent to bid you comei* 
to dinner — ^there's a double meaning in that. / tcok f* 
ptore pains for thofe thanks ^ than you took pains to thaM^ 
pte — that's as much as to fay. Any pains that I take foj 
you is as eafy as thanks : — If I do not take pity of her, 1 
am a villain; if I do not love her, 1 am a Jew: 1*'^" 
go get her pifture. ['» 

A C 4 



Leonato'/ Garden. ' 

Enter Heko, Margaret, and Ursula. 

ier§. Good Margaret^ run thee into the parlour ; 

rre (halt thou iind my coufin Beatrice 

pofine with the prince and Claudio ' : 

ifpcr Tier ear, and tell her, I and Urfula 

Ik in the orchard, and our whole difcourfe 

U of her ; fay> that thou overheard 'ft us ; 

1 bid \MSf Heal into the pleached bower, 

lere Jhoney-fuckles, ripened by the fun, 

bid the fun to enter ; — like favourites, 

it proud by princes, that advance their pride 

ainft that power that bred it ; — there will flic hide her, 

liften our propofe * : This is thy office ; 

ir thee well in it, and leave us alone. 

Ifor/. I'll make her come, I warrant you, prefently. 

lero. Now, Urfula, when Beatrice doth come, 
we do trace this alley up and down, 
ir talk muft only be of Benedick : 
hen I do name him, let it be thy part 
) praife him more than ever man did merit : 
y talk to thee muft be, how Benedick 
fick in love with Beatriqe : Of this matter 
little Cupid's crafty arrow made, 
iiat only wounds by hear-fay. Now begin ; 

Enter Beatrice, behind. 
«• look where Beatrice, like a lapwing, runs 
lofe by the ground, to hear our conference. 
Vrf. The pleafant'ft angling is to fee the fifti 
at with her golden oars the fUver ftream, 
nd greedily devour the treacherous bait : 

' Propofing wtb the prince and Ctaudlo .*] FrotofiHg is conTerfin^i 
OQ the French word— ^ro^oj, difcourfe, talk. Stzevcns. 
* — our propofe :] Thus the quarto. The folio mdt-^UT furpofr, 
'^«^ft Is riKbt. See the preceding note. Srsivgiis. 


So angle we for Beatrice ; who even now 
Is couched in the woodbine coverture: 
Pear you not my part of the dialogue. 

Hero. Then go we near her, that her ear lofe nothing 
Of the falfc fwcet bait that we lay for it.— 

[They advance to the iowr. 
No, truly, Urfula, fhe is too difdainfhl : 
I know her fpirits are as coy and wild 
As haggards ' of the rock. 

Urf. But are you fure. 
That Benedick loves Beatrice fo entirely ? 

Hero. So fays the prince, and my new-trothed lord. 

Ur/. And did they bid you tell her of it, madam? 

Hero. They did intreat me to acouaint her of it; 
But I perfuaded them, if the^ lov'd Benedick, 
To wilh him wreftle with affeftion. 
And never to let Beatrice know of it. 

Ur/. Why did you fo ? Doth not the gentleman 
Deferve as full, as fortunate a bed *, 
As ever Beatrice (hall couch upon ? 

Hero. O God of love ! I know, he doth defcrve 
As much as may be yielded to a man : 
But nature never fram'd a woman's heart 
Of prouder ftuff than that of Beatrice: 
Diidain and fcorn ride iparkling in her eyes, 
Mifprifing' what they look on ; and her wit 
Values itlclf fo highly, that to her 
All matter elfe feems weak : (he cannot love^ 
Nor take no (hape nor projed of aifefUon, 
She is fo felf endeared. 

Ur/. Sure, I think fo ; 
And therefore, certainly, it were not good 
She knew his love, left (he make fport at it. 

Hero. Why,youfpeak truth : I never yet faw mm, 

3 — tfx haggards— "I The wildcft of the hawk fpcciei. MAtoT«': 

♦ — «# fuil> tfi fortunate a bed^'\ Full is ufcd by our author ind ^ 
fntemporar'm for ahfoUi te, comflete, perfta. So, in AntMty mmd Cletfsf/' 
** iheful/eftmm andworthiclt j" and in Otbtllo, (as Mr. StecTcns **; 
obfervcd,) '* What a/«// fortune doth the thick-lips owe ?" Malo*^ 

5 Miffrifimg — ] pefpifing, contemning. Johnsoju. 

To mi/prize is to undervalue, or take in a wrong light. Sxiivr "^ 

5 ^^ 


w wifet how noble, young, how rarely featurM^ 
: (he would fpell him backward ^ : if tair-^ed, 
:'d fwear, the gentleman (hould be her fifter ; 
slack, why, nature, drawing of an antick, 
idea^ul blot^ : if tall, a lance ill-headed; 
ow, an agate very vilely cut * : 


'^^eil Inm hacktp^rd :"} Alluding to the praAice of witches ia 
ring prayers • 

'he following pafTage, contaioing a fimilar train of thought, it from 
f*s Ammimmy ofWity 1 5S i, p. 44. b : — << if he be cleanly, they [wo- 
1] term him proude \ if meene in apparel, a /loven ; if tall, a lungis \ if 
tey a dwarfe ; if bold, blunte 3 if ihamefaft, a coward ; &c. P. 55, 
te be well fet, then call her a bofle ; if (lender, a hafil twig ; if ihe 
>lea£uit, then is (he wanton ; if fullen, a downe \ if honeit, then ia 
CDye.** St£Btbns. 

1^ black, ^hy^ naturt, dratving of sn antickf 

Asde a foniilot:] The aatick was a buftbon charader in the 
EngUib farces, with a blacked face, and ifatcb-work habit. What 
oold obferve from hence is, that the name oi antic k orantifye, given 
bis chara^r, ihews that the people had fome traditional ideas of its 
ig borrowed from the ancient mimet, who are thus defcribed by 
ikius, ** attMi centunculoy fuligine faciem obduBi**^ Waib. 
beUcre what is here faid of the old Englifh farces, is faid at random* 
Warbnrton was thinking, I imagine, of the modern Harlequin* 
aipc met with no proof that the face of the antick or Vice of the 
Eoglifli comedy was blackened. By the word black in the text, it 
y meant, as I conceive, fwartby, or dark brown. Malonb. 
' IfUm^ «»- agate mery vilely cut .*] Dr. Warburton reads aglet, which 
\ adopted, I chink, too haftily, by the fubfequent editors* I fee no 
Ton for departing from the old copy. Shakfpeare*s comparifont 
rcely vitx anfwer completely on both Ades. Dr. Warburton alks, 
Whatlikenefs is there between a little roan and an agat V^ No other 
lO that both zttfmalL Our author has himfelf in another place 
npared a very little man to an agate, ** Thou whorfon mandrake, 
yi Falflaff to his page,) thou art fitter to be worn in my cap, than 
wait at my heels. 1 was never fo mandviiih an agate till now.**— ^ 
:ro means no more than this : " If a man be low, Beatrice will fay 
It he is as diminutive and unhappily formed as an iU-cut agate.** 
H appears both from the pafTage ju/l quoted, and from one of Sir John 
vrington*s epigrams, 4to. x6i8, that agates were commonly worn in 
Ukfpeare*s time : 


^ Though pride in damfels is a hateful vice, 

*' Yet could I like a noble-minded girl, 
" That would demand me things of coftly price, 

** Rich velvet gowns, pendents, and chains of pearle, 
*• Cark*aets of agats, cut with rare device,^* Sec. 


150 MUCH A D p 

If (peaking, why, a vane blown with all winds ' ; 

If iilent, why, a block moved with none. 

So turns fhe every man the wrong fide out ; 

And never gives to truth and virtue, that 

Which fimplenefs and merit purchafeth. 

Ur/, Sure, Aire, fuch carping is not commendable." 

Hero. No : not to be fo odd, and from all faihions. 
As Beatrice is, cannot be commendable : 
But who dare tell her fo ? If I (hould fpcak. 
She'd mock me into air ; O, (he would laugh me 
Out of myfeK", prefsme to death * with wit. 
Therefore let Benedick, like cover'd fire, 
Cpnfume away in fighs, wafte inwardly : 
It were a better death than die with mocks*; 
Which is as bad as die with tickling'. 

Ur/. Yet tell her of it ; hear what (he will fay. 

Hdro. No ; rather I will go to Benedick, 
Andcounfel him to fight againft his paffion : 
And, truly. Til dtfvife fome honeft (landers 

• Thcfc lines, at the fame time that they add fuppoft to the old readingi 
{hew, I think, that the words <• vilely f «r," arc to be underftood in 
their ufual fenfe, when applied to precious ftonea, viz. awkvtardiy wmgbt 
by a tooly and not, as Mr. Steevens fuppofed, grotefjuely vehed by ni* 
ture. Malone. 

9 m^a vane blown witb all ivindi ;] This comparifon might ha^ 
been borrowed from an ancient bl. let. ballad, entitled A ctm^ljn *J 
tbt life cf man : 

<< I may compare a man againe 
<< Even like unto a tvtining vainef 
" That changeth even as doth the wind ; 
<* Indeed fo is man*s feeble mind." Stikveni. 
T -— ^r(/i me to death-^] The allufion is to an ancient punidunent O^ 
our la>^, czWcd peine fort ft dure, which was formerly infUdtd on tboif^ 
perfons, who, being indidtcd, rcfufed to plead. In confequence of thei^ 
filcnce, they were prcflcd to death by an heavy weight laid upon thei^ 
ftomach. This punlflimcnt the good fenfe and humanity of the Icgi^ 
flature have within thcfc few years aboliihcd. Mai.oni. 

* It were a better dcaib than die *iv',tb mocki j] Thus the quarto. S^ 
before : " To wifli him ivreftle with aftedlion." The folio reads— ^ 
better death ro die with mocks. Malone. 

1 — -mitb tickling.] The author meant that titkVing fliould be pfo-' 
ounced as a trifyllable ; tickeling. So, in Spenfer's F. Qj^b. ii. c. ix-^ 
*< -^— a ftrangc kind of harmony j 

nounced i 

« Which Gayon's fcnfce foftly ticktled, &c, Malqni* 



To (lain my coufin with : One doth not know, 
Kow much an ill word may empoifon liking. 

Urf. 0> do not do your couiin fuch a wrong. 
She cannot befo muck without true judgment, 
{Having fo fwift and excellent a wit. 
As ihe is priz'd to have,) as to refufe 
So rare a gentleman as fignior Benedick. 

Htro. He is the only man of Italy, 
Always excepted my dear Claudio. 

Urf. I pray you, be not angry with me, madam, 
Speaidng nnr fancy ; fignior Benedick, 
For (hape, for bearing, argument ♦, and valour. 
Goes foremofl in report through Italy. 

Hero. Indeed, he hath an excellent good name. 
Vrf* His excellence did earn it, ere he had it.— 
When are you marry'd, madam ? 

Hero. Why, every day ; — to-morrow : Come, go in, 
I'll (hew thee fome attires ; and have thy counfel. 
Which is the befl to furniih me to-morrow. 

Vrf. She's limed ', I warrant you ; we have caught 

her, n^adam. 
Hefp. If it prove fo, then loving goes by haps : 
Soipe Capid kills with arrows, fome with traps. 

[Exeunt He ro and Ursula. Beatrice advances. 
Beat. What fire is in mine ears * ? Can this be true ? 
Stand I condemn 'd for pride and fcorn fo much ? 
Contempt, farewell ! and maiden pride, adieu ! 
No glory lives behind the back of fuch. 

4 — tfr^wrn/y] This word fccm» here to fignify difeourfe, or, the 
^nwri of reafoning. Johnson. 

5 Sbt't limedt] She isenfnared and entangled, a> afparrow with hird^ 
Am. Johnson. 

The folio reads— She's M'm. Stikvens. 

* What fire is in mine ears F] Alluding to a proverbial faying of the 
common people, that their ears burn, when others are talking of them. 


Tbe opinion from whence this proverbial faying is derived, is of great 
antiquity, being thus mentioned by Pliny : ** Moreover is not this an 
^nion generally received, that when our ran do giovf and tingle^ feme 
there be that in our abfence doo talkc of us'\ P. Holland's Tranjlation* 
^» xxYiii. p, 297, Sec alfo Brown's f^ulgar Errors, Re id. 


,j^ MUCHADO « 

And Benedick, love on, I will requite thee ; 

Taming my wild heart to thy loving hand ^ ; 
If thou doH love, my kindnefs (hall incite thee 

To bind our loves up in a holy band : 
For others fay, thou doft deferve : and I 
' Believe it better than reportingly. 


A Room in Leonato's Houfe* 

Enter Don Pedro, Clauoio> Beh£Dick« §ai 

Z). Pedro, I do but flay till your marriage be oonfom- I 
mate, and then ^o I toward Arragon. ' 

ClauJ, I'll bring you thither, hiy lord, if you*ll vouch- 
fafe me. 

Z>. Pedro. Nay, that would be as great a foil 4n tie 
new glofs of your marriage, as to fhew a child his nev 
coat, and forbid him to wear it ". I will only be bold 
with Benedick for his company ; for, from the crown of 
his head to the fole of his ioot, he is all mirth ; he Hath 
twice or thrice cut Cupid's bow-ftring, and the Kttle 
hangman dare not ihoot at him ' : he hath a heart ai 

7 Tmrnimg my wild heart to thy loving h4Md\] This image if tika 
from falconry. She had been charged with being as wild as htrg^ 
0ft he rock ; ibe therefore fays, that wild as her ^«r/ is, flie wuTmiv 
ittothe baad. Johnson. 

' — tf ; tojbeto a child his new coat, and forbid him to wear it.} S0| ifl 
Remeo and Juliet : i 

« As is the night before fome feftival, j 

" To an impatient child, that hath new robes, j 

** And may not wear them.** Stkevens* 
9 mm. the little hangman d.-re not /boct at him ;] This chancer of Co|^ 
came from the Arcadia of S\r Philip Sidney t 

" Millions of ycares this old drivel Cupid lives j 
« While ftill more wretch, more wicked he doth prove : 

" Till now at length that Jove him office gives, 
«• (At Juno'sfuitc, who much did Argus love,) 
«* In this our world a hangman for to be 
^ <« Of all thofc foolcs that will have all thejr fee.** 

B. U. ch. 14; Faimiv' 


and as a bell, and his tongne is the clapper ; for what 
s heart thinks, his tongue fpeaks '. 
Bine. Gallants, I am not as I have been. 
Lnn. So fay I j methinks, you are fadder. 
Claud. I hope, he be in love. 

D, Ftdf. Hang him, truant ; there's no true drop of 
9od in him, to be truly touch'd with love : if be be udj 
wants money. 

Biut. I have the tooth-ach. 
D. Fiin. Draw it. 
Brut. Hang it ! 

Claud. Yon mufthang it firft, and draw it afterwards* 
D. PUm, What ? fi^ for the tooth-ach > ^ 

Lnn. Where is but a humour, or a worm ? 
Beue. Well, Every one can mafter a grief* bnt he that 

Cbuai. Yet fay I, he is in love. 

E>. Pid. There is no appearance of fancy ' In him, nn* 
I k be a ftncy that he hath to ib-aiige difguifes ; as to 
a rNitchman to-day ; a Frenchman to-morroW ; of 
tlie ihtpe of two countries at once, as, a German from 
: Waift downward, all flops ^ ; and a Spaniard from the 
> upward, no doublet * : Unlefs he have a fancy to this 
>lery« at it appears he hath, he is no fool for fancy, as 
a wooldhave it to appear he is. 

CiauJ. If he be not m love with fome woman, there is 
believing old figns : he bru(hes his hat o'mornings ; 
hat Ihonld that bode? 

D. Pidr: Hath any man feen him at the barber's ? 
CUmd. No, but the barber's man hath been feen with 

1 «— «i « htUy gnihti tongue it the clapper ; Sec] A covert allufion to 
leoltf proverb: 

«« As the fool thlnkcth, 
•« So the bcil dinketh." Steivins. 
* — can mafter a gnef^^'] The old copies read corruptly— ctf/iff0r« 
^correftion was made by Mr. Pope. Maloni. 

J there It no appearance o/* fancy Gff»] Here is a play upon the wor<l 
f«wyi which Shakfpeare ulcs for love as well as for humour ^ caprice^ or 
■/<S«iot. JoHNioN. 

♦ — all flops ;] Slope are loofe breecbesm Steevens. 

* — 10 doublet t1 Or, in other words, all cloak. Ma lon (• 


254 M U C H A D O 

him ; and the old ornament of his cheek hath alread/ 
fhifTd tennis-balls *. 

Leon. Indeed, he looks younger than he did, by the 
lofs of a beard. 

D. Pedro, Nay, he rubs himfelf with civet : Can yoa 
fmell him out by that ? 

Claud. That's as much as to fay. The fweet youth's in love. 

D. Pedro. The greateft note of it is his melancholy. 

Claud. And when was he wont to wa(h his face ? 

D.Pedro. Yea, or to paint himfelf? for the whichi 
I hear what they fay of him. 

Claud. Nay, but his jefting fpirit; which is now 
crept into a lute-ftring ^, and now govem'd by ftops. 

D.Pedro. Indeed, that tells a heavy tale for him: 
Conclude, conclude, he is in love. 

Claud. Nay, but I know who loves him. 

D, Pedro. That would I know too ; I warrant, one that 
knows him not. 

Claud. Yes, and his ill conditions ^ ; and, in defpight 
of all, dies for him. 

D. Pedro. She (hall be buried with her face upwards'. 


s -— and the old ornament of bU cheek bath already ftuflf^d teonii-baOs*] 
So, m A fVonderful — Pro^nofiicattonftrtbU Year of our Lvrill^^') 
-written by Naihe, in ridicule of Richard Harvey :—*<< xkvftDri^ 
their haire by the ^oxind to Jiuffe tertnice haiiei,** Stekvins* 

6 — crept into a lutey?r/«^— J Lovf-fongs in our author*8 time we« 
generally fung to the muHck of the lute. So, in K. Henry TK. P»** 
*<— as melancholy as an old lion, or a lox/er^s lute.^* Malonx* 

7 .^ bis ///conditions:] i. e. qualities. Maloni. 

S Sbejhall be buried witb ber face uf>wards.'\ Mr. Theobald*! esefl' 
dation [with her beeis upwards] appears to be very fpeciooi* Tk« 
meaning feems to be, that (he who aded upon principles contni7 ^ 
others, (hould be buried with the fame contrariety. Tohnson. 

Theobald's conjedure may be fupported by a paflage in Tbt W^ 
Cooje Cbace of B. and Fletcher : 

** — if 1 die o' th* firft fit, I am unhappy, ' 

** And worthy to be buried witb my beelx upwardt.^* , 

The palTagc, indeed, may mezaonly^^ be fiali be buried in btrlt^^ 
armt. So, in Tbe Hunter's Tale : 

« Flo. What ? like a corfe ? 

** Per, No, like a bank for love to lie and play on ; 
<* Not like a corfe :— or if,— not to be buried^ 
" But quick, and in mine arms. Stskvens. ^ 

Thit laft is, I believe, the true interpretation. Our author ^^^ 
quotes LUly*t Grammar j (fee p. 268.) and here perhaps he rem^^ 



Simi. Yet is this no charm for the tpoth-ach. — Old 

enion walk afide with me ; I have ftudied eight or nine 

ife words to fpeak to you, which thefe hobby-horfes 

lofb not hear. [Exeunt Bene, and L e o n a to. 

I>. Pedro. For my life, to break with him about Beatrice. 

Ciamd, 'Tis even fo : Hero and Margaret have by 

Ills play'd their parts with Beatrice ; and then the two 

ears will not bite one another, when they meet. 

Enter Don John. 

i>. yohfg. My lord and brother, God favc you. 

/>. Pedro, Good den, brother. 

D. John. Ifyourleifure ferv'd, I would fpeak with yon. 

D.Pedro. In private? 

Z>. Jobm. If It pleafe you ; — yet count Claudio may 
^ear ; (at what I would fpeak of, concerns him. 

/>. Pedro. What's the matter ? 

/>. yobm. Means your lordfhip to be marry'd to-mor- 
ow? {To Claudio. 

D. Pedro. You know, he does. 

/>• Jobie. , I know not that, when he knows what I kiiow. 

C/m^. If there be any impediment, I pray you, dif- 

D. Jobm. You may think, I love you not ; let that ap- 
>ear hereafter^ and aim better at me by that I now will 
nanifeft: For my brother, I think, he holds you well; 
md in ^aniefs of heart hath holp to efFedl your enfuing 
■urriagc : furely, fuit ill fpent, and labour ill beflow'd T 
D. Pedro. Why, what's the matter ? 
D. Jobm. I came hither to tell you, and, circumftancea 
Ihorten'd, (for (he hath been too long a talking of,) the 

lidy is difloyal. 
Claud. Who? Hero? 
D. Jobn. Even fhe ; Leonato's Hero, your Hero, every 

man's Hero ^. 

"^ t phrafe that occurs In that book* p« 59, and is thus interpreted i 
"-** Ttt cubat fupinusi thou lieft in hedvultb thy face ytwardt.^^^^Hti/t 
*^fMce never could have been confounded by either tne eye or the ear. 

9 Lt9nato*s Hero, yur Hero, every mani Hero,'\ Dryden has tranf- 
J[*oted this farcafm into his All for Love : <« Your Cleopatra j Dola- 
"^I's Cleopatra, every man's Cleopatra.** Stsetens. 


%ffi MUCH ADO 

Claud. Difloyal? 

D. John. The word is too good to paint out Iiermcfc' 
ednefs ; I could fay, fhe were worfc ; think yon of i 
worfe title, and I will fit her to it. Wonder not till 
further warrant : go but with me to-night, yon £baU fee 
her chamber-window enter'd ; even the night before lier 
wedding-day : if yon love her then, to-morrow wed her; 
but it woald better fit yonr honour to change your mind. 

Claud. May this be {q ? 

i>. Pedro. I will not think it. 

D. John. If you dare not truH that you fee, confefs 
not that you know : if you will follow me, I will Ibew 
you enough; and when you. have feen more, audhnni 
more, proceed accordingly. 

Claud. Iflfeeany thing to-night why I ihoold lOC 
marry her; to-morrow, in the congregation, whefcl 
ihould wed, there will I fhame her. 

D. Pedro. And, as I wooed for thee to obtain her, I will 
join with thee to difj^race her. 

D. John. I will difparage her no farther, ' till yoo ire 
my witnefTes : bear it coldly but till midnight, aad let 
the iflue fhew itfelf. 

D. Pedro. O day untowardly turned I 

Claud. O mifchief ftran^ely thwarting ! 

D. John. O plague right well prevented ! 
So will you fay, when you have feen the ieqnel. 

A Street. 

Enter Doo^EKKY andVEKOEs, w/VA Mr Watch. 

Dog, Are you good men and true ? 

f^cr. Yea, or elfe it were pity but they ihould fttfr 
falvation, body and fool. 

Dcg. Nay that were a punifhment too good for tkciBt 
if they fhould have any allegiance in them, being choft* 
for the prince's watch. 

Fer. Well give them their charge*, neighbour Dog- 

' — X'w '*«" fl>f'tr charge f"] It appears frem feveral of our old Cj^ 
d'ics, that to ebiwze bis fellows, was a refttltr part of the dvtj of ^ 
toaftaUc of the Watch. M a l ok x. 


Dwg* Firft, who think you the moil defartlefs man to 

1. Watch. Hueh Oatcake, fir, or George Seacoal; for 
gj can write and read . 

Dog. Come hither, neighbour Seacoal: God hatk 
e{£A joa with a good name : to be a well-favoured man 
the gift of fortune ; but to write and read comes by 

a* Watch. Both which, mailer conftable,——* 
Dog. You have ; I knew it would be your anfwen 
^ell, for your favour, fir, why, give God thanks, and 
ake no boafl of it ; and for your writing and reading, 
t that anpear when there is no need of fuch vanity. 
ou are uonght here to be the moil fenfelefs and fit man 
•r the cooftable of the watch ; therefore bear vou the 
jithom : This is your charge ; you ihall comprehend all 
igrom men ; you are to bid any man Hand, in the 
nnce's name. 

2. Watch. How if he will not iland ? 

Dog. Why then, take no note of him, but let him go ; 
adprefently call thereil of the watch together, and thank 
roayoa are rid of a knave. 

Fir. If he will not iland when he is bidden, he is none 
f the prince's fubjedb. 

Dog. Tiue, and they are to meddle with none but the 
rince's fiibjeds :-^You ihall alfo make no noife in the 
7eets ; for, for the watch to babble and to talk, is moit 
olerable and not to be endured. 

2. Watch. We will rather ileep than talk; we know 
vhat belongs to a watch. 

Dog. Why, you fpeak like an ancient and moft quiet 
KratcSman ; for I cannot fee how ileeping ihould oiFend : 
only, have a care that your bills be not ftolen* :— WelU 
yoa are to call at all the ale-houfes, and bid them that are 
drunk get them to bed. 

2. Watch. How if they will not? 


t — %;^ ig netfiohn ;1 A b'tll is ftill earned by the witchmen at 
Utchfield. It was the old weapon of the Engllfh infantryi which, Hj% 
^?le, 94ve tbi moft gbaftly and iephrablt woundt. It may be caUtd 

Yn, II, S The 

258 M U C H A D O 

Dog, Why then, let them alone till thejr tte ibber 1 if 
they make you not then the better anfwefy yod BUf fiqr» 
they are not the men you took them for. 

2. JVatch. Well, fir. 

Dog. If yoa meet a thief, yoa mxftvfycBt him, by 
virtue of your office, to be no true man : aad» for ibcm 
kind of men, the lefs yoa meddle or make mth tkei% 
why, the more is for your honefty. 

2. Watch, If wc know him to be a thief, fiiall wt not 
lay hands on him ? 

Dog, Truly, by your office you may ; but, I think, 
they that touch pitch will be defiled \ the flioft ] 

The following are examples of ancient hiHi% 



way fcryon, if you do take a thief, ^s, to let htm fliew 
himfclf what he is, andfteal out of your company. 

Fer, You have been always called a mercifol man, 

Dcg. Truly» I would not hang a jdogby my will ; andi 
nore a man who hath any haneity in him. 

Fer. If you hear a child cry in the night ^, you mttfi 
call to the nurfe, and bid her ftill it. 

2. IFaich. How if the nurfe be ailecp, and will n^^ 
hear us ? 

Dcg. Why then, depart in peace, and let the child 
waks ber with crying : for the ewe that will not hear 
bmr lamb when it baes, will never anfwer a calf when he 

F^, 'Til very true. 

D0g. This is the end of the charge. You, conttable, 
arc to prefent the prince's own perfon ; if you meet the 
prince m the night, you may day him. 
' Ftr. Nay, by*r-lady, that, 1 think, he cannot. 

Dog. Five (hillings to one on't, with any man that 
knows the ftatues, he may flay him : marry, not without 
the prince be willing : for, indeed, the watch ought to 

< Jfym htara.ihiUcry &c.1 It it not impofTible but thit part cf 
thlt umwas intended as a burlefque on The Statutes »f iht SittitSfim" 
fifntai hf Wolfe, in 1595. Among tbcfe 1 find the ioUowine s 

%%, ** Ho man /hall bJowe any home in the night, within thlt citti«, 
or whifUe after the huurc of nyne of the clock in the night, under paine 

%y << No man (hall ufie to goe with vifouret, or difguiiiBd by j^ht^ 
ttkkr like paine of imprifunment. 

24. " Made that night-walkers, and evifdroppers, like puniihinent. 

ac* ^* No haromar-man, as a fmith, a pewterer, a founder, and all 
arti&crs making great found, (hall not worke after the houreofnyne at 
the 9lfl>t, &c.*' 

30. '^ No man (hall, after the houre of nyne at night, keepe any rule, 
wmtnhy any fuch fuddaine out-cry be made in the flill of the night, as 
making any affray, or beating hiswyfc, orfervafnt, or (inging, or rcryJ- 
iog in his houfe, to the difturbaunce of his neighbours, under payne of 
iiif. iiiid. &c. &c." 

Ben Jonfon, appears to have ridiculed this fcene in the In<lu£lion to 
hii BsrtholomeW'Faire : «< And then a fubftantial watch to have (lole 
in upon *em, and taken them away with miftaking '■jftrdh ^ ihefaihlon 
is in the Aege pra^ice/' Steevsvs. 

S 2 offend 

zSo M U C H A D O 

offend no man i and it is an offence to ftay a man againft 
his will. 

Fer. ByV-lady, Ithink, itbcfo. 

Dog. Ha, ha, ha 1 Well, mafters, good night ; in 
there be any matter of weight chances, call np me : keep 
your fellows' counfels and yoor own ^, and good night.— 
Come, neiehbour, 

2. f^atcb. Well, mafters, we hear our charge : let ni 
go fit here upon the church-bench till two> and then all 
to bed. 

Dog. One word more, honeft neighbour* : I pray you, 
watch about iignior Leonato's door ; for the wedding be- 
ing there to-morrow, there is a great coil to-night : Adieu; 
be vigitant, I befeech you. 

[Exeunt Dogberry and Verges. 

Enter Borachio and Coxtrade. 

Bora. What I Conrade, — 

2. fFatch. Peace, ftir not. [J/da 

Bora. Conrade, I fay ! 

Con. Here, man, I am at thy elbow. 

Bora, Mafs, and my elbow itch'd ; I thought, there 
would a fcab follow. 

Con. I will owe thee an anfwer for that ; and now for- 
ward with thy tale. 

Bora. Stand thee clofc then under this pent-honfe, for 
it drizzles rain y and I will, like a true drunkard, utter 
all to thee. 

2. Watch, [ajide.^ Some treafon, mafters ; yet ftanddofe. 

Bora, Therefore know, I have earned of Don John 
a thoufand ducats. 

Con. Is it poflible that any villainy fhould be fo dear ? 

Bora. Thou (hould'ft rather alk, if it were poffible 
any villainy (hould be fo rich ; for when rich villains 
have need of poor ones, poor ones may make what price 
they will. 

Con. I wonder at it. 

• ^^ keep your fellowt* eHmftis and yoMr own,] This is part of the 
oithof agrand jurymtn ; and is one of many proofs of Shakfpearc^ 
having been very converfant, at fome period of his life^ with legal pro- 
ceedings and courts of juftice* Malonx. 



Bora. THat fliews, thou art unconfirmed^: Thou 
knoweft, that the faihion of a doublet, or a hat, or a 
cloak, if nothinjg to a man. 

Con. Yes, it is apparel. 

Bora. I mean 9 the faihion« 

Con. Yes, the faihion is the faihion. 

Bora. Tnih ! I may as well fay, the fool's the fool. But 
fee*ft thou not, what a deformed thief this faihion is ? 

1. Watch. I know that Deformed ; he has been a vile 
thief this feven vear ; he goes up and down like a gentle* 
man : I remember his name. 

Bora. Didfl thou not hear fome body? 

Com. No ; 'twas the vane on the houfe. 

Bora. Seeft thou not, I fay, what a deformed thief this 
faihion is ? how giddily he turns about all the hot bloods, 
between fourteen and nve and thirty ? fome time, faihion- 
iag them like Pharaoh's foldiers in the reechy painting ' ; 
(bmetime, like god Bel's prieils in the old cnurch-win- 
dow : ibmetime, like the ihaven Hercules ^ in the ^ fmirch'd 
worm-eaten tapeilry, where his cod-piece feems as 
maffy as his dub ? 

Con. All this I fee ; and fee, that the faihion wears 
cut more apparel than the man : But art not thou thyfelf 
giddy with the faihion too, that thou hail ihiftedout of 
atiy tale into telling me of the faihion f 

Bora. Not fo neither : but know, that I have to-night 
wooed Margaret, the lady Hero's gentlewoman, bv the 
name of Hero ; ihe leans me out at her miibrefs' cham- 
ber-window, bids me a thoufand times good night,— I tell 
this tale vilely : — I ihould firil tell thee, how the prince, 

4 — KJifoii/raiV;] i. e.uapra^tlfed in the ways of the world. Wakb* 

5 «- reechy paintings] is painting ftain'd , by fmoke} from Recan^ 
Anglo-Saxon, to reri(,/«mar«. Stseyzns. 

^ f^fometimef like the Jbavea Hercules &c.] I beliere that Shak- 
fytmwt by tbejba^en Hercules meant only Iftrfulei when AaveJ tp mako 
him look like 4 woman, while he remained in the fervice of Omphale, hit 
Lydian miftrefs. Had tbe Jbaven Hercules been meant tortprefenc 
Samfon, [as Dr. Warburton fuppofed,] he would probably have been 
«C|aJpped with zjatv^lone inftead of a cluh, Stksvsns. 

7 .^fmircya] Smirched is foiled, obfcured. So, in As Jen Like it t 
** And with a kind of umhcrfmircb my face.*' Stckwhs. 

S 3 Claodio 


Clftadio, and my mzStcr, jplanted and pkced> ^nd poT- 
fefled by my mwer Don John, faw t&r off in the cNrdiani 
this amiable encounter. 

Con. And thought they, Margaret was Hero ? 

Bora, Two of them aid, the prince and CUndio; bat 
the devil my mailer knew fhe was Margaret ; and pardy 
l^ his oaths, which firfl poileiTed them, pardy by the dare 
nieht, which did deceive them, but chiefly by my vil* 
lainy, which did confirm any flander that Don Jdin had 
made, away went Claudio enraged; fworehe would meet 
her, as he was appointed, next morning at the tempk^ 
and there, before the whole congregation, ihaiiie her wkk 
what he faw o'er night, and fend her hraie again widi- 
out a huiband. 

1. IVatch. We charge you in the prince's name,fiaad» 

a. Watch. Call up the right mailer conHable : We hut 
here recovered the moil dangerous piece of lechery tlvt 
ever was known in the common-wealth. 

I . Watch. And one Deformed is one of them ; I koov 
him, he wears a lock ^. 

Con. Mailers, matters, — 

3. Watch. You'll be made bring Deformed forth, I 
warrant you. 

Con. Mailers, — 

1 . Watch. Never fpeak ; we charge you ; let at oberf 
you to go with us*. 

Bora. We arc like to prove a goodly commodity, beinf 
taken up of thefe mens bills. 

Con. A commodity in qneilion, I warrant yon. Cona^ 
we'll obey you. [Exeum 

a I. wtart Ml^ek.'] Sec Dr. Warburton's Note, A€t V. fc. L 

• Never Jptak j 6frJ Thefe words in the old copies are by the mifta 
of the'tranlcriberor printer given to Conrtde. The prefcnt regwlau 
la Mr. Theobftld's. Malohs. 




A Room in Leonato's Hvu/e, 

Enter Hero, Margaret, and Ursula. 

ier9. Good Urfula, wake my couEn Beatrice, and 
re her to rife. 
/r/. I will, ladv. 
//r«. And bid her come hither. 
/OC Well. [£;r// Ursula. 

\far. Troth, I think, your other rabato ' were better. 
iirn. No, pray thee, good Meg, I'll wfsar this. 
Idhr. By my troth, it's not fo good : and I warrant, 
ir coofin will fay To* 

Mrrr. }iy coufm's a fool, and thou art another ; I'll 
ariume but this. 

V^r* I like the new tire within excellently, if the 
r were a thought browner * : and your gown's a moft 
e &ihion, i'faith. I faw the dutcheS of Milan's 
im» that diey praife fo. 
Hfin. O, that exceeds, they fay. 
liar. By my troth it's but a night-gown in re- 
ft of yours : Cloth of gold, and cuts, and laced 
h filler ; fet with pearls, down ileeves, iide fleeves, 
I fidrts round, nnderborne with a blueifli tiniel : but; 
a fine, quaint, graceful, and excellent fafhion, yours 
iforth ten on't. 

XfTtf . God eive me joy to wear it, for my heart is ex- 
ding heavy I 

Ifor. 'Twill be heavier foon, by the weight of a man. 
^ero. Fie upon thee ! art not amamed ? 
Mar. Of what, lady? of fpeaking honourably ? Is not 
fiiage honourable in a beggar ? is not your lord ho- 
ixable without marriage ? I think you would have me 
, faving your reverence, — a hujband : an bad thinking 
not wreft true fpeaking. Til offend no body: Is there 

— rahMti[ An ornament for the neck, a collar-band or kind of ruff*. 

Rabat- Menai;e faith it comes from rabattre^ to put back, becauff 
vat at iirft nothing but the collar of the fliirt or ibift turned back to- 
rdi the fhoulders. T.Hawkins. 

* ^•jftkeiair were a tbtughi browner :"] See p. 239^ note 9. Malon$« 

S 4 any 

a64 M U C H A D O 

any hkrm in— /i&# biawer/or a hujbandf None^ I thiok, { 
an it be the right hufband, and the right wife ; otherwife, 
'tis light* and not heavy : Aik my la^ Beatrice elfe, here 
ihe comes. 

Enter Beatrice* 

Hero. Good morrow, coz. 

Beat. Good morrow, fweet Hero. 

Hero. Why, how now ! do you fpeak in the fick tune ? 

Beat. I am out of al] other tune, methinks. 

Mar. Cl^ us into Light oUove*; that goes without i 
bnrden ; do you fing it, and I'll dance it. 

Beat, Yea, Light o*love, with your heels ! — then if voar 
liufband have ilables enough, you'll look he ihtll lack 
no barns ^ . 

Mar. O illegitimate conflrudion ! I fcom that witk 
my heels. 

Beat. 'Tis almoft five o'clock, coufin ; 'tis time foa 
were ready. By my troth, I am exceeding ill ;^-Jieyiiot 

Mar. For a hawk, a horfe, or a hufband^ ? 

Beat. For the letter that begins them all, H '• 

Mar. Well, an you be not turn'd Turk ^, thext** VO 
more failine by the flar. 

Beat. What means the fool, trow ? 

Mar. Nothing I ; but God fend every one their hetrt'i 
defire ! 

Hero. Thefc gloves the count fent me, they are an ex* 
cellent perflime. 

& Light o^lovei] This is the name of an old dance tune which h* 
occurred already in the 7vfo GtntUmen of Vtrwa. Silt J. Hawiiv** 

s —. no harttiS^ A quibble between harnt^ repofitories of com, »» 
hmrni. the old word for children. Johnssn* 

4 hey ho ! ■' 

Mar. For a bawk, a borfc, or a hufband ?] «* Ettih h^fvr e^ 
bsnd, or the willing maid^s wants made known^'* it the title of *n^ 
ballad in the Pepyfian Colle^lon, in Magdalen College, Cambridge. 


5 For the letter that beght tbem all, HA This is a poor jeft, for**** 
what obfcurcd, and not worth the trouble of elupidation. Marga^ 
mfks Beatrice for what (he cries, bey bo \ Beatrice anfwers, for an ^> 
tlyit is, for an acbe or tain. Johnson. t 

6 — turnd Turk,} Hamlet ufes the fame exprcflion, and talk* ^^ 
hU fortune's turning Turk* To turn Turk was a commoa phrafe fo^ 
diinge of cooditlon or opinion* 3TiJCYtNt« 


/. I am AafPd, coafin> I cannot fmell. 

r. A maid, and flufifd ! diere's goodly catching of 

/. O, God help me ! God help me ! how long 
roa profefs'd apprehenfion ? 
r. J&ver fince you left it : Doth not my wit be- 
ne rarely ? 

f • It is not feen enough, you ihould wear it in your 
•By my troth, I am fick. ^ 

% Get yon fome of this diftill'd Carduus Be- 
ua, and lay it to your heart ; it is the only thing 

f . There thou prick'ft her with a thiftie. 
El. Benedidus ! why Benedidus ? you have fome 
^ in this Benedidns. 

r. Moral ? no, by my troth, I have no moral mean- 
[meant, plain holy-thiiUe. You may think, per- 
r, that I think you are in love : nay, by'r-lady, I 
t inch a fool to think what I lift ; nor I lift not to 
what I can ; nor, indeed, . I cannot think, if I 
think my heart out o*thinking, that you are in 
n that you will be in love, or that you can be ift 
yet Benedick was fuch another, and now is he be- 
a man : he fwore he would never marry ; and yet 
in defpight of his heart, he eats his meat without 
ing * : and how you may be converted/ 1 know not | 
nethinks, you look with your eyes as other wo- 


f. What pace is this that thy tongue keeps? 
**• Not a falfe gallop. 

Jmt ««r4^— ] That it, fome (ecret meaning, like the mprslott 


'ohnfon*t explanation is certainly the tnie one, thongh it haa 

abted. In tbt Rapt •/ Lmcnee our aatbor ofes the Terb to aia- 


f* Nor could (he moralm* his wanton fight.** 
reftjgate the iatent meaning of his looks. Malonz. 
b* tats bit meat without grudging ;] Perhapt, to tat meat wUhm 
dgingf was the fame as, to do as otben do, and the meaning 
t conteni to /hue by eating like otber mortals, and will be content, 
(landing bis beafttf like otber mortals, to bane a vfife,^ Johnson. 
meaning, I think, is, *< and yet now, in fpight of hit refolutiom 
aatmy, he fud* oa live^ and likes liit food.** M a l o n i . 


-^flh MUCHAD0 

Urf. Ms^am, wit]i4raw ; the prince, the GOnnt^ fig[« 
nior Benedick, Don John, and all the gallants of the tpinp^ 
are come'to fetch yo^ to church. 

/f<fr(7. Help to drefs me> good cozj good M(^» good 
Uriula. X^^'* 


Another Room in Leonate*s Hou/e. 
Enter liEovfiio, Dogberry, ^W Verges* 

l^eofi. Wh^t would you with me, hoi\eft neighbovi 

Dog. Marry, fir, I would have ibme conhaeQCe frifk 
you, that djjcerns you nearly. 

istofi. Brief, 1 pray you i for you fee, 'tis a bufy tllll^ 
with me. 

jPog, Marry, this it is, fir. 

^tr. Yes, in truth it is, fir. 

l^eoH. What is it, my good friends ? 

Dog. Qoodman Verges, fir, fpea)cs a little of ^ mat- 
ter : an old man, fir, and his wits are not fo b)iuit» u» 
God help, J would defire they were ! but, in faith, bapdt 
lA the ikin between his brows ^. 

#Vr. Yes, I thank Go4> I am as honeft as any maa)ur« 
iJig, that is an old man, and no honefter than I. 

J)0g. Comparifons Afc odorous: palnbras^^ neighbov 

Leon* Neighbours, you are tedious. 

Dog. It plcafes your worihip to fay (b, but we are di 
poor duke's officers ; but, truly, for mine own part, iH 
were as tedious as a king, I could find in my heart to be* 
flow it all of your worihip. 

Leon. All thy tedioufnefs on me ! ha! 

Dog. Yea, an 'twere a thoufand times more than 'tis: 
lor I hear as good exclamation on your worihip, as of iPf 
man in the city ; and though I be but a poor man, 1 9S^ 
glad to hear it. 

9 m^untft as the /kiu between his trovfs.1 This it a proTcrbiil «** 
fteBioD. Steevens. 

I ^faiuiras,] So, in the T4»iVi|r 9/ the Sbrevf, the Tinker ftt*» 
^est palhbrai.. i. e. lew words. A icrap of Spanj/b, which laiaht oP^ 
MfC&ccacuJTcat amoA^ the vulgar. Stkrvrms. 


r. And fo am I. 

m* I wonld fain know what you have to&y. 
r. Many, fir, our watch to-night, exccptine; your 
ip's Drefence, have u'en a couple ofas arrant kiuures 
y in Jieffina* 

I^Jl good old man, fir ; he^U be talking ; as they 
wiien the age is in, the wit is out; God help ns ! 
I world to fee * !— Well faid, i'faith, neighbour Ver- 
— weU, God's a good man ^ ; An two men ride of a 
^ — eaitrf ride behind^:— An honeft ibul^ i'£dth« 
y my. troth he is, as ever broke bread: but, God is 
wofdupp'^ ; All men are not alike ; alas^ good 

Mr. Indeed, neiehbour, he comes too ihortof yon* 
\g. Gifts, that God gives. 
9n. Imohleave you. 

f . One word, fir : our watch, fir, have, indeed, com« 
•nded two afpicioas perfons, and we would have then 
ooniine examined before your worfiiip. 
w. Ttf e their examination yourfelf, and bring it 
I am now in great hafle, as may appear ontoyoo* 
If. It Ihall be fuffi^ance. 
f«« Drink fome wine ere you go : fare you well. 

Enter a McfTcnger, 
fffi My lord, they day for you to give your daoj^er 
M. Isnlllwakuponthem; lam ready. 

[Exeunt L E o N A T o tfa/Meflenger* 

V II a w^rUffeg!] i. e. it it wmderfal to fee. The fiune* 
t often occurs with the fame meaning in Helanihed. STErvBti t» 
— w#//, God't a good man;] This of rcffion (at Mr. fitoeveot 
kewn) fi-equently occun in the oU Mor^iitm, maI.oa«k« 
dn tmfo mtu ridt Sec] This is not out of place, or without iiyn- 
Dogbeny, in his vanity of fupcrior parts, apologising for hia 
ibouTy obfervesythat oftnoo mtn on an bcrft, one mtifirin behind^ 
f^P pkoe ef rank or underiVanding can bdoog but to otie, and that 
7 •«« ought not to defpifc his isiferiour. John ton. 
i^iltiipesre might have caught this idea from the comnon feal of 
Mghts Templars ; the device of which was l«v« riding ufon om 
(• An engraving of the feal is preferved at the end of Alftttt Paris 
i* AAg. 1640. Stiivzns. 


a6S M U C H A D O 

Dof. Go, good partner, go, get you to Frands Seicoli 
bid him bring his pen and inkhorn to the jail ; we ireiMi |^i 
to examination tUefe men. 

Fer. And we muft do it wifely. 

Dog, We will fpare for no wit, I warrant you ; here's tkit 

[touching bis forehead,^ (hall drive fome of them to atM- 

^em ' : only get the learned writer to fet down our ex€00i- 

manication, and meet me at the jail. {Exnmi. 


A Church^ 

Enter Dbn Peoro> Don John, Leonato» Friar, 
Claudio, Benedick, Hero, «»</ Beatrice. 

Leon, Come, friar Francis, be brief; only to diepiaia 
fcrm of marriage, and you fhall recount their partiobr 
duties afterwards. 
. Friar. You come hither, my lord, to marry this Itdf? 

aiaud. No. 

Leott^ To be marry^d to her, friar; you come to air- 
ry her. 

Friar Lady, you come hither to be marryM to t&is 

Hero. I do. 

Friar. If either of you know any inward impedlinent 
whv you fhould not be conjoined, I chftrge yoo, on yov 
fouls, to utter it. 

Claud. Know you anv. Hero? 

Hero. None, my lord. 

Friar. Know you any, count ? 

Leon. I (fare make his anfwer, none. 

Claud. O, what men dare do ! what men may do ! what 
men daily do ! not knowing what they do. 

Bern. How now ! Interjedions ? Why, then fome be 
pf laughing', as, ha ! ha ! he ! 

S '-' t9 a non«com :1 i. e. to a non compe$ miMtis ; pot them out iC 
^ir witi :--or perhaps he confounds the term with »m-^/«i. Malom t« 
i 9^fimt he 0/ laMgbimi,} fhk ii a quoCatioA from the Aceidewet. 




ttul. Stand thee by, friar :— Father* by your leave ; 
yoa with free and unconftrained foul 
me this maid your daughter ? 
)«• Ai freely, ion, as God did give her me. 
iMil. And what have I to give you back, whofe worth 
coonterpoife this rich and precious gift? 
Pidr9* Nothing, unlefs you render her again. 
W. Sweet pnnce, you learn me noble thank* 

ip Lconato, take her back again; 
not this rotten orange to your friend ; 
but the fisn and femblance of her honour ;— • 
i^ how life a maid fhe bluihes here : 
hat anihority and (hew of truth 
aBAingfin cover itfelf withal ! 
• notiaat blood, as modeft evidence,^ 
itnefi imple virtue ? Would you not fwear, 
m Ami fee her, chat (he were a maid, 
tfe exterior (hews ? But (he is none ; 
lOWBtiie heat of a luxurious bed* ; 
lofk if goiltinefs, not modefty. 
r. What do you mean, my lord ? 
m/. Not to be marry 'd, 
» knit my foul to an approved wanton. 
V. Dear my lord, if you in your own proof 
vanqnilh'd the refifiance of^her youth, 
lade defeat of her virginity, — 
wd, I know what you would fay ; If I have known 

fay, (he did embrace me as a hu(band» 
» extenuate the 'forehand (in : 

hutmritvs heJ:! That it, UJc'tviouu Luxury is the confdfisr^a 

roolawful plearures of the fex. Johnson. 

XT* Lear t 

To't, luxury^ pell-mell, fori lack foldicrt." SxEivsNt. 

ir my Icrdf if you in your own proof J In yonr otvn proof may 

f jour ofun tria/ of hn* Tyiwmitt. 

uke ^r, fret touTp and nxAny (imilar words, is here ufed aa 
.Ue. Maloni, 

I never 

,70 MUCH Al>tf 

I neter tempted her with word-toohift^'f - 

But, as abrothertolut fifter^flieirM 

Baiihfol £ncerity« and comely lore. - ' 

Hero. Andieem'dIeverodienrifet»tW> 
CUud. Oatottthyfeeimng'! IwiBwfiteigddlik^ 
You feem to me u Dim in Mr orb ; 
As chaRe at is the bod ' ere it be faloiras 
But yon are more intemperate in fonr blbdd* 
Than Venus, or thofe pamper'd tnimitl 
That rage in ravage fimfnaiity. 
Hero. Is my lord well, that he doth ^peikfewHef 
Leon. Sweet prince, why fpeaki»t70«f ' " • 
D.Pedro. Whatihooldlfpeak? ' ' * ' ' 

I ftand diihonour'd, diat have gone abMt : ' * ^ 
To link my dear friend to a common fialc^^ ' 
Leon. Are thefe things ijpdceg, or do I ^ 
D. Jobm.^hx, they are ipoken, and theft 
Bene. This looks not nke a snptial. 
Hero. True I O God ! 
Claud. Leonato, ftaud I here ? 
Is this the prince ? Is this the princess hnrikltft 
Is this face Hero's ? Areow eyes, our Dirftf" 
Leon. All this is fo ; But ivliat of this tnjlorff 
Claud. Let me but move one ^lefHonto 
And, by that fatfaeriy and kxndlypoirer* 
That you have in her, bid her aniwer trolj* 
Leon. I charge thee do fo, as thon art mj dUUL 
Hero. O God defend me ! how am I bdfat 1—. 
What kind of catechisdng call you this ? 

4 — Koerd too hrgt ;] So he vfet Imfoje/h in ihhjhfflfitJitk 

rot reftrainod wtbin dui boundt. JOHIISON* 

& ^ thy feemin£.'\ The old copies have tbio* The 
Mr. Pope's. In the aext Une ShakfpeMe pi«UUf «rni^^ML 

<> I will write againft It ; ] So in CfmMiH 
^nomen, fays, 

** I ■ ril writi sgmi^ them, 

« Deleft them, curie them.** STKSVSir«* 

7 .. cbafle as is tbi ^d\ Bcfofc the air hssUfte^ISi 

S mm ytnd/y power] That U, natural fovter% Kiud If Mrm ]•■** 


CUmJ. To myte you anfwer truly to yoar name. 
Her0. Is it not Hero ? Who can blot that name 
ith any jnfl reproach ? 
Clmiul. Many, that can Hero ; 
^ro itfelf can blot out Hero's virtue. 
hat man was he talk'd with you yeftemight 
It at yoitr window, betwixt twelve and one ? 
iWy if yon are a maid, anfwer to this. 
Her9> I talk'd with no man at that hoar, my lord. 
D. P(Nhr9. Why, then are yoo no maiden. -^Lci> 

.m (bny you muft hear ; Upoh mine honour, 
yfelfy my brother, and this grieved count, 
d fee bar, hear her, at that hour lad night, 
alk with a ruffian at her chamber-window ; 
liohath, indeed, mod like a liberal villain S 
mfeft'dthe vile encounters they have had 
thoufand times in fecret. 
B. J9hn, Fie, iit ! they are 
X to be nam'd, my lord, not to be fpoke of 1 
bere is not chaftity enough in language, 
Ithoat offence, to utter them : Thus, pretty lidy, 
ua ibrry for thy much' mifgovemment. 
CJSMMf. O Hero ! what a Hero hadd thou bcen^ 
'half thy outward graces had been placed 
^boot the thoughts and counfels of thy heart ! ^ 
•Qt, fare thee well, mod foul, mod fair ! farewel I 
^ pure impiety, and impious purity ! 
'or thee I'll lockup all the gates of love, 
bd on my eye-lids diall conjecture hang \ 
To turn all beauty into thoughts of harm, 
Ud never ihall it more be gracious ^, 

f — liberal vUtthiy'] Libertlhtrt, as in many placet of thefe plajrs^ 
tUii ff rtnk beyond bonefiy or decency . Free of tongue, Jo hh s o n . 
I Whmt Hero bsdft tbou been'] I am afraid here is interuied a^poor 
nwit upon the word Hirro* Tohnson. 
I •*)^tf//conjcfture bang,} Cor.jttlure is here ufed (or fufplcion^ 

I Ami mverjhtdi it mere be gracious.] i. e. lovely, attractive. 


«7t MUCH A DO A 

Li9»* Katlmo mm*% dagger bene s point R>r mt * f 

Miai. Why* honr nowj oq|i^» whercfort kmc yoa « 
i>. Jehw. Comtp Ut ui gO« : thefc tluiig»j oom^ 1 
to iighr* 
Smotlier her Ipirits up. 

Stme, How dath the lady ^ ^ ^ 

^ftff. Dcad» I think j— Help, undej— ^^ 
Hero I why* Hero 1 -^ Uncle t — fignior Best 
Friar !— 

Li§tt. Ofatc> take not away thy heavy hand I 

Death is the faLreft cover for her mMm^t 

, That may be wiih'd for. 

Smt. How now, cobfinHeitl f 

Frmr* Have com fort > la^* 

/»r*jf, Doft thou look up f - 

Friar, Yea ; Wherefore fhonld fhe noi ? 

*£«tfMr. Wherefore ? Whtyp doth not every earthly 1 
Cry ihamc apon her i Could ihe here deny 
The dory that is printed in her blood ^ 1^- 
Do not uvCf Hero ; do not ope thijoe eyes i 
For did I thinks, thou would 'ft not quickly die p 
Thought i, thyfpirits w^t^ flronger thaii thy Qutsieif 
M)rfe If would, on the rearward of reproiidiej« 
Strike at thy llfo. Griev'd I» I had but oik I 
Chid I for that at frugal naiure'i frame * ^ ^y ^ 
O, one too much by tnee I Why had I ons^ ■ 
Why ever waft thou lovely tn my ey«l 
Why had I not, with charitable hand* 
Took up a beggar'a iiTue at my gatet ; 
Whofmeared thus» and mired with infanr^^ - 

4 Bath iTfl »fl**i ^gl^f htrt a p&jnt fpr mi f J 

•f Ajid haveaoc I « B^cod to ftick odg hoe?^ 

* Tbffi0fj that hfriMttd a brr I/m^/J That it, thtfitry -m^ikW 

hlmfi^n diff^vtr re bi frvf* Joh?«icik* 
^ ^frugal *aeitrf$ frame ?J Frame h cofltrtTince, order, dlfpo^tJia 

The mcAfibg, I duiUc, itj^ — Grieved 1 at Kaiure^i \mag i^Jrug^l u 
to htrt fr^mid fgr m* oolj one child f Ma L# v a* 



havefidd. No fart 0/ it is mine, 
me dirives itfelffrom unkno^wn loins f 
e, and mine I lov'd ^^ and mine I prais'd» 
ne that I was proud on ; mine fo much« 
Dftyfclf was to myfelf not mine, 
; of her ; why, ihe, — O, (he, is fallen 
it of ink ! that the wide Tea 
ops too few to wafti her clean again ; 
t too little, which may feafon give 
bo! tainted fiefh ! 

Sir, fir, be patient : - 

part I am fo attir'd in wonder^ 
not what to fay. 

O, on my foul, my coufin is bely'd ! 

Lady, were you her bedfellow laft ni^t ? 

Nb« truly, nof ; although, until laft night. 
Jib twelvemonth been her bedfellow. 

Confirm'd, confirmed ! O, that is fbonger^xnadej 
was before barr'd up with ribs of iron I . ' 
Jic two princes lie ? and Claudip lie ? . . 
r'd her 10, that, {peaking of her fbulnefti].*' ^ 

it with tears ? Hence from her ; let her die* 
-. Hear me a little ; 
ivepnly been filent fo long^, 
Fen way unto this courfe of fortune, 
ng of the lady : I have ifnark'd 
andblufhing apparitions 
: into her face ; a thoufand innocent fhames 
1 whitenefs bear away thofe bluflies ; 
her eye thtre hath appear'd a fire, 
1 the errQrs that thefe princes hold 

her maiden truth : — Call me a fool ; 
ot my reading, nor my obfcrvations, 
with experimental fcal do warrant 
our of my book • ; truft not my age, 
erence, calling, nor divinity, 
weet lady lie not guiltlefs here 
bme biting error. 

ffimine I lov^d,] i.e. mine r^^r I loved. JoHNtair* 
f my book \\ i. e. of what I have read* Maloni* 

. !!• T Uon. 

274 ' M U C H A D O 

Leon. Friar, it cannot be : 
Thou feeft, that all the grace that (he hathleft^ 
Is, that ihe will not add to her damnaticm 
A fin of perjury ; (he not denies it : 
Why feek'ft thou then to cover with excoie 
That which appears in proper nakednefs ? 

Friar. Lady, what man is he you arc accusMof? 

Hero, They know, that do acciue me ; I kaow none: 
If I know more of any man alive. 
Than that which maiden modefty dotk warranty 
Let all my fins lack mercy ! — O my father^ 
Prove you that any man with mc convers'd 
At hours unmeet, or that I yefternight 
Maintained the change of words widi any cctzXaaet, 
Refufe me, hate me, torture me to death. 

Frrar, There is fome (Irange mifprifioain the prisoeSi 

Bene. Two of them have the very bent of facwar^i 
And if their wifdoms be mifted in tnis. 
The praftice of it lives in John the baftard^ 
Whole fpirits toil mi frame of villainies. 

Leon, I know not ; If they Q>eak bat truth of lier» 
Thefe hands fhall tear her ; if they wrong her honMT* 
The proudeft of them (hall well hear of it. 
Time hath not yet fo dry'd this blood of mine* 
Nor age fo eat np my invention. 
Nor fortune made fuch havock of my means* 
Nor my bad life reft me fo much of friends* 
But thefy fhall find, awak'd in fuch a kind. 
Both flrengthof limb, and policy of mind. 
Ability in means, and choice of friends. 
To quit me of them throughly. 

Friar. Paufe a while. 
And let my coynfel fway you in this cafe. 
Your daughter here the princes left for dead* ; 

9 — bent of honour j] Bent is ufed by our autbourfbrthentmoft^! 
gree of any paflion, or mental quality. In this play before, Boifl** 
fays of Beatrice, her affeShn has its full Sent. The expreffion b ^ 
rived from arcliery ; the bow has its Sent, when it is drawn at fitf i* * 
can be. Jommson. 

> Votir daughter here the princes left for dead'y"] The old copies b*'* 
frinteju The corre^ion was made by Mr. Thtobald* Maioh'* 


icr awhile be fecretly kept in, 
publifh it, that (he is dead indeed : 
itain a mourning oflcntation * ; 
on your family's old monument 
[ mournful epitaphs^ and do all rites 

appertain unto a burial. 

9M. What (hail become of thi^? What will this do ? 
iar» Marry, this, well carry 'd, ihallonher behalf 
ge ilander to remorfe ; that is fome good : 
ot for that dream I on this ftrange coiirfe» 
n this travail look for greater birth. 
Lying, as it mufl be fo maintain'd, 
I the infant that ihe was accus'd, 

be lamented, pity'd, andexcus'd> 
irerv Jitarer : for it fo falls out, 

what we have we prize not to the worth, 
et we enjoy it ; but being lack'd and Idk, 
t then we rack the value ^ ; then we find 
wtoe that poiTeifion would not fhew us 
es it was ours : — So will it fare with Claudio ; 
I he ihall hear ihe dy'd upon his words, 
idea of her life fhall fweetiy creep 
lis ftady of imagination ; 
every lovely organ of her life 

come apparel 'd in more precious habit j 
! moving-delicate, and full of life, 
the eye and profpedt of his foul, 

I vdien ihe livM indeed : — then (hall he iaoum# 
rer love had intereft in his liver,) 

wi(h he had not fo accufed her ; 
thooeh he thought his accufation true, 
his be fo, and doubt not but fuccefs 
faihion the event in better fhape 

I I can lay it down in likelihood* 

-•/ttwtatkm il Show; appearance. Johnsok. 

• «f rack tift xmlut ;] We exaggerate the value* The allofioa 

^•dl-f«*ft. The (ame kind of thought occurs in AutQn;^ 4Md 


^ What ourcootempttdo often hurl from uiy 

•' We wiih it oun again," Stekt»ki« _ 

T a But 

a76 M U C H A D CJ 

But if all aim but this be levcU'd falfc. 

The fuppofition of the lady's death 

Will quench the wonder of her infamy : 

And, if it fort not well, you may conceal her 

(As beft befits her wounded reputation,) 

In fome reclufive and religious life. 

Out of all eyes, tongues, minds, and injuries. 

Bene. Sienior Leonato, let the friar advife yo» : 
And though, you know, my inwardnefs and love 
Is very much unto the prince and Claudio, 
Yet, by mine honour, I will deal in this 
As fecretly, andjuftly, as your foul 
Should with your body. 

Leon. Being that 
I flow in grief, the fmalleft twine may lead me*. 

Friar. *Tis well confented ; prefently away ; 
For to ftrange fores fb-angely thejr ftrain the cure.—* 
Come, lady, die to live: this wedding day. 

Perhaps, is but prolong'd ; have patience, andcn4tf^» 
[Exeunt Friar, Hero, ^jk/Leokato*. 

Bene. Lady Beatrice, have you wept all thiswkik? 

Beat. Yea, and I will weep a while longer. 

Bene. I will not defire that. 

Beat. You have no reafon, I do it freely. 

4 .-m the fmalleft ttoine may lead me.'\ This is one of our aothotf*f 0** 
fcrvations upon life. Men overpowered with diftrefs, eagerly lift** 
the firft oftcrs of relief, clofe with every fcheme, and believe eveiy ^ 
mife. He that has no longer any confidence in himfelf, is glad toic 
pofe histrufl in any other that will undertake to guide him. JoBVtol|^ 

5 Exeunt ^c."] The poet, in my opinion, has fhewn a great deal* 
addrcfs in this fcene. Beatrice here engages her lover to revenge t^ 
injury done her coufin Hero : and without this very natural incida* 
confidering the character of Beatrice, and that the ftoryof lierp»ft8^ 
for Bcnedicic was all a fable, fhc could never have been eafilyort** 
rurally brought to confefs flic loved him, notwithftandiDg all thefa** 
going preparation. And yet, on this confcflion, in this very place, ^ 
pendcd the whole fuccefs of the plot upon her and Benedick. Forbid 
fte not owned her love here, they mutt have foon found out the tricfcj 
and then thedefign of bringing them together had been defeated; «*^ 
fhe would never have owned a paflion (he had been only tricked \^ 
had not her defire of revenging her coufin*s wrong ii)ade her drop*** 
caprici oui humour at once. 'Waibuiton* 



SurelVj I do believe your fair couflniswrong'd. 
. Ah, now much might the man deferve of me> 
aid right her ! 

Is there any way to fliew fuch friendfhip \ 
. A very even wav, but no fuch friend. 
. May a man do it ? 
, It is a man's office, but not yours. 

I do love nothing in the world fo well as you ; It 
: ftrangc ? 

As flrange as the thing I know not : It were as 
forme to fay, I loved nothing fo well as you ; but 

me not ; and yet I lie not ; I confefs nothing, 
eny nothing : — I am forry for my cou(in. 
. By myfword, Beatrice, thoulovcltmc. 
. Do not fwear by it, and eat it. 
. I will fwear by it, that you love me; and I will 
im cat it, that fays, I love not you. 
. Will you not eat your word ? 
. With no fauce that can be devifed to it : I pro* 
ove thee. 

. Why then, God forgive me ! 
. What offence, Tweet Beatrice? 
. You have llaid mc in a happy hour ; I was about 
;ft, Ilovedyou. 

. And do it with all thy heart. 
. I love you with fo much of my heart, that none 


. Come, bid me do any thing for thee. 
. Kill Claudio. 

. Ha ! not for the wide world. 
. You kill me to deny it : Farewell. 
. Tarry, fvveet Beatrice. 

. I am gone, though 1 am here^ ;-— There is no 
you : — nay, I pray you, let me go. 
. Beatrice, — 
. In faith, I will go. 
. We'll be friends liril, 

» gone^ though I am here ;] i. e. I am out of your mind already* 

1 irmain hrrcin t^rfm bctrtf you. Stkevkn^. 

erhaps, my affe^ion is withdrawn from you, chough I am yet 

T 3 Beat. 

278 M U C H A D O 

Beat. Yoa dare eafier be friends with me« than figk 
with mine enemy. 

Bene. Is Claudio thine enemy ? 

Beat. Is he not approved in the height a villain^, that 
hath flander'd, fcorn*d, difhonour'd my kinCwoman ?— 0, 
that I were a man I — What, bear her in hand until they 
come to take hands ; and then with publick accufation, 
imcover'd flander, unmitigated rancour,— O God, that I 
were a man ! , I would eat his heart in the market-place. 

Bene. Hear me, Beatrice. 

Beat, Talk with a man out at a window ? — a proper 
faying ! 

Bene. Nay, but Beatrice ;— 

Beat. Sweet Hero ! (he is wrong'd, ihc is ilandcr'd, 
Ihe is undone. 

Bene. Beat — 

Beat. Princes and counties'! Surely, a princely 
teftimony, a goodly count-comfeft ^ ; a (wect gallant, 
furely ! O that I were a man for his fake ! or that I had 
any friend would be a man for my fake ! But manhood \% 
melted into courtefies, valour into compliment, and men 
are only turned into tongue, and trim ones too * : he is 
now as valiant as Hercules, that only tells a lie, aod 
fwears it : — I cannot be a man with wiihing, therefore I 
will die a woman with grieving. 

Bene. Tarry, good Beatrice : By this hand, I love thee. 

Beat. Ufe it for my love fome other way than fwcaring 
by it. 

Bene. Think you in your foul, the count Claodio hatn 
wrong'd Hero ? 

Beat. Yea, as fure as I have a thought, or a foul. 

7 — in the heights %/illain,'\ So, in King Henry FIIL 
«« He's traitor to the height/* 

In pracipiti vitium ftctit. Steevens. 

a — and counties !] County was the ancient general term for * ^^ 
hteman. Sec a note on the County Paris in Romeo and yniiet. StI^ ^ V 

9 — fl gocdiy count-comfeft }] i. c. a fpccious nobiemaui made oo^ ^ 
fugar. Steevens. 

' — and men are only turned into tongue, and trim ones /o« }] ^ \ 
Heath would read tongues^ but he miflakes the condru^ion of the **^ ^ 
tence, which ii — not only men, but trim ones, are turned into tonS** 
'• c« not only common but <le*ver meii> &c. Stxsy£ns» . 


JBene^ £nough^ I am engaged, I will challenge him ; 
I will kifs yoar hand> and 10 leave you : By this hand, 
Claadio ihall render me a dear account : As yon hear of 
me, fi> think of me. Go, comfort your coafin : I muil 
fay, ihe is dead ; and fo farewell. [Bxiunt. 


J Prifom. 

Eater Doc be R r y. Verges, and Sexton, in gowns ^ ; 
BoRACHio> CoNRADE, and the V/ztch. 

jy^g. Is our whole diflemblv appeared ? 

Fer. O, a ilool and a cufhion K>r the fexton ! 
. Sex. Which be the malefaAors ? 

Dog. Marry, that am I and my partner. 

Fer. Nay, that's certain ; we have the exhibition to 

Sex. But which are the ofFenders that are to be ex- 
amined; let them come before mafter conflable. 

Deg. Yea, marrv, let them come before me.— -What 
is yoor name friena ? 

Bora. Borachio. 

Dog. Pray write down — Borachio. — Yours, iirrah ? 

Com. I am a gentleman, fir, and my name is Conrade. 

Dog. Write down — mailer gentleman Conrade-— 
leaders, do you ferve God ? 

Con. Bora. Yea, fir, we hope. 

Dog. Write down — that they hope they ferve God :-^ 

* — M gowns;] It appears from Tie 5/tfCil^«0il, 4to, 1604, that this 
^«« the drefs of a conftabic in our author*! time : •*— when they mift 
^^eir conJlahU, and fawe the Iflack rvwnt of hi< office lye full in a 
foddle—.- * 

. Thtfext$H (as Mr. Tyrwhitt obferved) is ftyled in this ftage-dire^ion, 
^" the oJd copies, the Town^cUrk, ** probably from his doing the duty 
« Aich an officer." But this error has only happened here ; for through- 
f*t the fcene itfelf he is dclcribcd by his proper title. By miftake aUb 
|Q the quarto, and the folio, vvhich appears to have been printed from 
^f» *^e name of Kempe (an aftor in our author's theatre) throughout 
^i» fcene is piefixed to the fpeeches of Dogberry, and that of Cowley to 
thofc of Verges, except in two or three indances, where tMhcr Cottjiah.'i 
^ -^rdrew arc fubftitutcd for Kempe. Ma lone. 

T 4 and 

aSo M U C H A D O 

and write God firft ; for God defend but God fhoold go 
before fuch villains ' !— -Mailers, it is proved already that 
you are little better than falfe knaves, and it will go near 
to be thought fo fhortly ; How anfwer you for yoor- 
felves ? 

Con. Marry, fir, we iay we are none. 

Dog. A marvellous witty fellow, I aiTure you ; but I 
¥all go about with him.— Come you hither, iirrah; a 
word in your ear, fir j I fay to you, it is thought you arc 
falfe knaves. 

£ora. Sir, I fay to you, we are none. 

Do^. Well, Hand afide.— 'Fore God, they arc both in 
a tale ; — Have you writ down —that they are none ? 

Sex, Mailer conllable, you go not the way to examine; 
you muil call forth the watch that are their accufers. 

Dog. Yea, marry, that's the efteil way ♦ :— Let the 
watch come forth ; — Mailers, I charge you in the prince's 
name accufc thefe men. 

1. Watch. This man faid, fir, that Don John, the 
prince's brother, was a villain. 

Dog. Write down — prince John a villain : — ^Why thi« 
is flat perjury, to call a prince's brother— villain. 

Bora. Mailer conilable, — 

Dog. Pray thee, fellow, peace ! 1 do not like thy look, 
I promife thee. 

Sex, What heard you him fay elfe ? 

2. Watch, Marry, that he had received a thoufand 
ducats of Don Jolin, for accufing the lady Hero wrong- 

Dog, Flat burglary, as ever was committed. 

Ver. Yea, by the mafs, that it is. 

Sex, What clfe, fellow ? 

1. Watch. And that count ClauJio did mean, upon ^^ 

' JVrite do^n &c,'\ This pafl'age which was omitted in the fol»^» 
Was rcftored by Mr. Theobald. Malonk. 

Thcomilh-jn of this pafTagc imcc the edition of 1600, may be ^^' 
counted for frv).n the ilat. 3 Jac. I. c. ai. the facrcd name bemg }^^ 
iugly ufcd four times in one line. Blackstone. j 

4 — the cftefl tvay : ] Dogberry mcan8 deffcft j i, e. the moil fit ^^ 
commodious way. Malonk, j. 


srdsj to difgrace Hero before the whole aflembly^ and 
)t marry her. 

Dog. O villain ! thou^ wilt be condemned into ever* 
iting redemption for this. 

Sex. What clfe ? 

2. Watch. This is all. 

^/;r. And this is more^ mafters, than you can deny, 
rince John is this morning fecretly dolen away ; Hero 
as in this manner accufed, in this very manner re- 
efed, and upon the grief of this, fuddenly died. — Maf* 
T conftable, let thefe men be bound, and brought to 
.eonato'j ; I will go before, and (hew him their ex- 
nination. \Exlt. 

Dog. Come, let them be opini«nM. 

Fer. Let them be in the hands— 

Con. Off, coxcomb ' ! 

Dog. God's my life ! whereas the fexton ? let him 

titc down — ^the prince's officer, coxcomb.— Come, bind 

lem : — ^Thou naughty varlet ! 

Con. Away ! you are an afs, you are an afs. 

Dog. Doft thou not fufped my place ? Doft thou not 
fpcd my years ? — O that he wereliere to write me down 
-an afs !— vbut, mailers, remember, that I am an afs ; 
Loagh it be not written down, yet forget not that I am 
1 afs : — No, thou villain, thou art full of piety, as 

5 Off, coxcomb /] The old copic« read— o/*, and thcfe words make a 
iTt of the laft fpccch, ** Let them be in the hands of coxcomb,''* The 
rcTent regulation was made by Dr. Warburton, and has been adopted 
y the fobfequent editors. Off was formerly fpelt of. See p. aSy, 
• I. In the early editioi;s ofthefc play^i a broken fen tence (like that be- 
ore us, « Let them be in the hands"—) is almod always corrupted by 
>^ng tacked, through the ignorance of the tranfcriber or printer, to 
^ fubfequent words. So in Coriolanust inftcad of 

You (hamesof Rome ! you herd of— Boils and plagues 
Plaifter you o'er ! 
*wbave in the folio, 1623, and the fubfequent copies, 

You fliames of Rome, you 1 Herd of boils and plagues &c. 
S«ealfo Meafurefor Mrafun, p. 21. n. 5, 
Perhaps however we Should read and regulate the paffage thus : 
^fr. Let them be in the hands of — [/^c Jaw, be might hate 10- 

tended to fay«] 
hm. Coxcomb! Malonx* 


2gz M U C H A D O 

Ihall be proved upon tiiee by good witnefs : 1 tm a wift 
fellow, and, which is more, an officer; aQd> which is 
more, a honiholder; and, which is more, as pretty a 
piece of fleih as any is in Meffina ; and one that kiKWf 
the law, go to ; and a rich fellow enough, go to ; and a 
fellow that hath had lofTes ; and one that hath two govm, 
and every thing handfome about him : — Bring him awaj. 
O, that I had ^en writ down— -an a£s ! [Exiut* 


Before Leonato's Houfe. 
Enter Leonato and Antonio« 

Ant. If you goon thus, you will kill yoorfelf ; 
And 'tis not wifdom, thus to fecond grief 
Againfl yourfelf. 

Leon* I pray thee, ceafe thy counfel. 
Which falls into mine ears as profitlefs 
As water in a fieve : give not me cotmiel ; 
Nor let no comforter delight mine ear. 
But fuch a one whofe wrongs do fuit with mine« 
Bring me a father, that fo lov'd his child, 
Whofe joy of her is overwhelm'd like mine. 
And bid him fpeak of patience ; 
Meafure his woe the length and breadth of mine« 
And let it anfwer every ftrain for ftrain; 
Az thus for thus, and fuch a grief for fuch. 
In every lineament, branch, fhape, and form: 
If fuch a one will fmile, and ftroke his beard ; 
In forrow wag ; cry hem, when he fhould groan * ; , 


» In forrow wag ; cry bem, when he JhouU gr$an j] Thilii we w 
thofc paflagcs from which an editor can hardly efcape without cca^**** 
The old copies read : 

y^nd forrow, wag, cry hem, when he Hioald groan. ^ 

To print abfolutc nonfcnfe is furely no part of his duty. To (v^' 
tute any ward in the room of thofe furniflxcd by ancient copies (tb^^ 
fan^ioned in fome meafure by the numerous emendations whicb * 
various times have been happily made^) is certainly undcfirablft; l^^^a 


grief with proverbs ; make misfortime drank 
candle-wafters * ; bring him yet to me> 

irdt one would wIHi for foin« glimmering of meaning. Toob- 
is. Dr. Johnfon printed this line thus (in which he has been foU 
n the late editions) : 

ind, forrow, wag, cry ; hem when he (hoald groan ;— 
» pondoation (to fay nothing of the mnexamfted harihneis of fiich 
imlogy) is certainly inadmiffible ; it appearing from a paflage in 
ry Jf^m and from other examples, that to « cry bem'* was in our 

I time a cant term of feftivi^. See Mr. Tyrwhitt's note bdow. 
in jh you Hie it ;•— <' If I could cry hem, and have him.** On the 
land, to cry woe is ufed in the fKinter*s 7Vi/e to denote griefs 
,hkK. Ricbard III: 

«* You live, that fliall cry woe for this hereafter.*' 
the emendation now the prefent editor is anfwerable. And 
, biftily or indi/lindtly pronounced^ might have been ealily con- 
d, fuppoHng (what there is great reafon to believe) that thefe 
ere copied for the prefs by the ear ; and by this OTght change 
fenfe Is given, the latter part of the line being a paraphrafe on 
sgoing. So afterwards : « Charm ach with air, and agony &c.** 
emendation may derive fomc fupport from K» Henry V, edit« 
srhere we find 

So many a thoufand actions once a foot 

And in one purpofc— 
of'^End in one purpofej the tranfcriber*s ear having deceived 
s I fuppofeit did in the prefent inftance. 

\i rcfpcd to the word ivag, the ufing it as a verb, in the fenfe of 
tbewagj is entirely in Shakfpearc*8 manner. Thereis fcarcelyone 
>lays in which wc do not find fubdantives ufed as verbs. Thus we 
to teftimony, to boy, to couch, to grave, to bench, tovoice, to 
to page, to dram, to ftagc, to h\cTi to fool, to palate, to mounte- 
to god, to virgin, to paHion, to monfter, to hiftory, to fable, to 
period, tofpanicl, to ftranger, &c. &c. 

II fubjoin the conjedlurcs of Mr. Tyrwhitt and Mr; Steevens on 
iicnlt paffage, as the emendations fuggcfted by them depart very 
rom the old copies. The reading propofed by the latter gentleman 
ferry -wzgf Sec) appears fo probable, that I know not whether it hat 

good a title to a place in the text as that which I have adopted, 
t however obferve, that, though the pun^uation of the old copies 
o great authority, yet in fo doubtful a matter as the prefenx it 
: worth attending to. In both the quarto and folio there Is a com- 
sr/orrow, which, though unnccefTary, is not inconfiftent with the 
ationnow made, but entirely adverfe to the fuppofition that that 
ras a mifprint for any epithet applied to wag. 

the latter word Mr. Theobald reads Wiige, and Sir T. Hanmer 
r. Warburton waive* Ma lone. 
ink wc might read— 

And forrow gagge } cry hem) when he ihould groan j'*— 


114 M U C H A D O 

And I of him will gather patience, 
^ut there is no fuch man : For, brother, men 
Can counfel, and fpeak comfort to that grief ^ 
Which theythemfelves not feel ; but, tailing it. 
Their counfel turns to paffion, which before 
Would give preceptial medicine to rage. 
Fetter ftrong madnefs in a filken thread, 

but leaving this conjcdurc to ihift for itfclf, I will fay t few WQfil 
on the phrafe, cry tern. It is ufcd again by our author in the Fhf 
Part (/Henry IV. Adl. II. fc. vii. « They call drinking deep,<4ying 
fcarlet j and when you breathe in your watering, they cry bem^ and bid 
you play it of!'.*'-»ln both places to cry bem, fecms to fignifj die fame 
as to cry courage, in which fenfe the interjection bem was (baietimet 
alfo ufed by the Latins. TvrwhitI*. 

What will be fold of the conceit I {hall now offer, I know not | kt 
it, however, take its chance^ Wc .might read : 
If fuch a one will fmile, and Oixoke his beard, 
And, ferry wag ! cry hem, when he fhould groan..«» 
I.e. unfeeling buvtourifi ! to employ a note of fcfi'iHiUy^ nobenhuf^ 
sught to ejcprefs ccncern. Both the words I would introduce, are ufed 
by Shakfpeare. Falilaff calls the ^rincct fiveet wag ! and the epldtft 
forry is applied, even at ibis time, to denote any moderate deflation 
from propriety or morality; as, for inftance, a j'orry/f//ow. Othello, 
fpeaks ofa fait and/crry rheum. Steevzns. 

* — — rrake misfj^tune drunk 
PTitb cand!c'*ivaficri j] This may mean, either wa/h away hSsfor- 
row among thole who lit up all night to drink, and in that fenfe may 
be flyled ivajl-.n rf land/is j or overpower his misfortunes by fwal- 
lowing flap- dragons in his glafs, which are defcribed by Falibff tf 
mad c of ca ndla^ ends. Steevens. 

This is a very difficult paflage, a,nd hath not, I think, been fatii* 
fadtorily explained. The explanation I (hall offer, will give, I beliew, 
as little fatisf:i£lion ; but I will, however, venture it. Candle-wafm 
js a term of contempt for fcholars j thus Jonfon in Cynthia's Rtvdsf 
Aft III. fc. ii — *' fjioilcd by a whorefon book-worm, a candle-'wtjter*'* 
In the yinti^uaryf Act III. is a like term of ridicule : «« He fliould fflore 
catch your delicate court-car, than all your hcad-fcratchers, tholD^ 
biters, hmp^ivaj^ rs of them all." The fenfe then, which IwouW»f- 
fign to Shi;kf}3caio, is this : "If fuch a one will patch grief with ?»«• 
verbs,— <<2,^tf er coxer tie •wounds of his grief with proverbial fayingt V, 
make misfortun-v: drunk with candlc-wallcrs,-— /?a/>i/y misfortune, §r r**' 
der bimfelfinfinfille to he ftrokes of it, by the converjati^.n cr lucnhrati^' 
^fcholars ; the produSllon of the lamp, but not fitted to human nature. Patt^* 
fSk the fenfe of mending a dcfcdl or breach, occurs in Hamlet, A€t V. fc.'»* 
O that the earth, which kept the world in awe. 
Should patch a wall, to expel the winter's flaw, Whall^"'' 



ach with air, and agony with words : 
; *ts all men's office to fpeak patience 
e that wring under the load of forrow ; 
man's virtue, nor fufficiency, 
) moral, 'when he fhall endure 
e himfelf : therefore give me no counfel : 
•fs cry louder than advcrtifement '. 
Therein do men from children nothing differ. 

I pray thee peace ; I will be flefh and blood ; 
re was never yet philofopher, 
old endure the tooth-ach patiently ; 
ir they have writ theftyle of gods ♦, 
ide a pifh at chance and fufferance '. 
Yet bend not all the harm upon yourfelf ; 
hofe, that do offend you, fuffer too. 

There thou fpeak'ft reafon : nay, I will do lb : 
. doth tell me. Hero is bely'd ; 
Lt fliall Claudio know, fo (hall the prince, 
of them» that thus diihonour her. 

Enter Don Pedro and Claudio. 
Here comes the prince, and Claudio, haftily. 
edro» Good den, good den. 
L Good day to both of you. 

Hear you my lords, — 
rdro. We have fome hafle, Leonato. 

Some halle, my lord ?— well, fare you well, my 

lord :— 
1 fo hafty now ? — well, all is one. 
edro. Nay, do not quarrel with us, good old man* 

San ad'vert'tfement ,'\ That is, than admonitiof:, than moral /a- 

<e^er tbey have lorit the ftyle of gods,] This alludes to the ex- 
titles the Stoics gave their wile men. War burton. 
eare might have ufed this cxpreilion, without any acquaintance 
ayperboies of ftoicifm. By the fy/e of gods, he meant an ex- 
(uage; fuch as we may fuppofc would be written by beings fu- 
human calamities, and therefore regarding them with neglect 

efs. St££VEN9. 

tnake a piih at chance and fufferance.'] Alludes to their famous 
'o^ki^^l>uJb» Corrected by Mr. Pope. Malomk. 


286 M U C H A D O 

Ant. If he could right himfelf with quarrelin|^^ 
Some of us would lie low. 

Claud, Who wrongs him ? 

Leon. Marry, 
Thou doft wrong me, thou diflembler, thoa:«* 
Nay, never lay thy hand upon thy fword^ 
I fear thee not. 

Claud. Marry, befhrew my hand. 
If it fhould give your age fuch caufe of fear : 
In faith my hand meant nothing to my fword. 

Leon, Tufh, tu(h, man, never fleer and jeilat fflC: 
I fpeak not like a dotard, nor a fool ; 
As, under privilege of age, to brag 
What I have done being young, or what would do» 
Were I not old : Know, Claudio, to thy head. 
Thou hail fo wrong'd my innocent child, and me^ 
That I am forc'd to lay my reverence by ; 
And, with grev hairs, and bruife of many days> 
Do challenge thee to tryal of a man. 
I fay, thou haft bely'd mine innocent child ; 
Thy flander hath gone through and through her heart, 
And ihe lies bury'd with her anceftors : 
O, in a tomb where never fcandal flept. 
Save this of hers, fram'd by thy villainy ! 

Claud, My villainy ? 

Leon. Thine, Claudio ; \hine I fay. 

D. Fedro. You fay not right, old man. 

Leon. My lord, my lord; 
I'll prove it on his body, if he dare ; 
Defpight his nice fence, and his adlive pradlicc. 
His May of youth, and bloom of luftyhood. 

Claud, AwTLy, I will not have to do with you. 

Leon. Canft thou fo daffe me ^ ? Thou haft killM Bf 
child ; 
If thou kill'ft me, boy, thou Ihalt kill a man. 

Ant. He fhall kill two of us, and men indeed ^ : 


ft Canft tboufo daffe me ?] To Jaffe and d^ffe are fynonimottl ter«?» 
that mean, to put off. Thsobalo. 

7 Ant. He Ihallkill two of us. Sec] This hrotbtr A/*«jiy is tin 
ti^eft picture imaginable of human nature. He had aflumed the cha- 



: that's no matter ; let him kill one firft ;— 
n me and wear me > — ^let him anfwer me >— * 
nc, follow me> boy ; come, fir boy, come^ follow me : 
boy, I'll whip you from your foining fence ; 
f, as i am a gentleman, I will. * 

,eou. Brother, — 

fnt. Content yourfelf : God knows, I lov'd my aiece % 
1 fhe is dead, ilander'd to death by villains ; 
It dare as well anfwer a man, indeed, 
I dare take a ferpent by the tongue : 
t, apes, braggarts. Jacks S mUkfops !— 
eon* Brother Anthony, — 
Int* Hold yott content ; What, man ! I know ihem^ 

1 what they wei^h, even to the utmoft fcruple : 
mbling', out-facing, fafhion-mong'ring boys. 
It lie, and cog, and flout, deprave and ilander^ 
antickly, and (how outward hideoufneft, 
1 fpeak odfF' half a dozen dangerous words^ 
vtJiey might hurt their enemies, if they dnrJt^ 
t this is all. 

/Mr. But, brother Anthony,— • 
fmt. Come 'tis no matter; 

rr of a tagt to comfort his brother, o*erwhebned with grief for hi« 
daughter's aflfronc and diAioaour ; and had feverdy reproved him 
QOt commanding his padion better on fo trying an oecafion. Yet» 
mediately after xhis, no fooner does he begin to fufped that his ag§ 
vahar sre flighted, but he falls into the moft intemperate fit of 
:himfelf : &nd all he can do or fay is not ^f power to pacify him* 
ii is copying nature with a penetration and exadnefs of juogment pe« 
•r to Shakfpeare. As to the cxpreflfion, too, of his pa^Kon, nothiflf 
be more highly painted. Warburton. 
•^ hraggarts^ Jacks,] See note 4, p. 262. Maloni. 
BcMmhltng^l—'U e. fcramlfling. The word is ixbre than once nfed 
Shaicfpeare. ^ee Dr. Percy's note on the firft fpeech of the play of 
Btmry V, and likewifc the Scots proverb << It is well kenM your fa- 
""s fon was never a/ctfm^/fr.** A fcamhltr in its literal fenfci is one 
»|Mt about among his friends to get a dinner, by the Iriih callM a 
insr. Steeveks. 

AadJj/feaJt oft^— ] The old copies have— 0/. Mr. Theobald made the 
idion. In the books of our author's age, 0/* la very frequeatiy printed 
wAoftff* Malomz. 


s89 M U C H ADO 

Do not you meddle^ let me deal in this. 

D. Pedro, Gentlemen both, we will not wake joi 
patience *. 
My heart is fony for your daughter's death ; 
But on my honour, (he was charged with nothing 
But what was true, and very full of proof. 

Leon. My lord, my lord, — 

2). Pedro. I will not hear you. 

Leon. No? 
Come, brother, away: — ^I will be heard ;— 

Jnt. And fhall. 
Or fome of us will fmart for it. 

Enter Benedick. 

D.Pedro. See, fee. 
Here comes the man we went to feek. 

[Exeunt Leonato and Ahtovio* 

Claud. Now, figniorl 
What news r 

£ene^ Good day, my lord. 

D. Pedro. Welcome fignior : 
You are almoft come to part almofi a fray. 

Claud. We had like to have had our twonofes foiplOB 
with two old men without teeth. 

D. Pedro. Leonato and his brother: What tJunt* 
thou ? Had we fought, I doubt, we fhoold have been (00 
young for them. 

Bene, In a falfe quarrel there is no true valour. ] 

I came to feek you both. 

Claud. We have been up and down to feck thee ; for^ 
are high-proof melancholy, and would fain have it baXf^ 
away : Wilt thou ufe thy wit ? 

£ene. It is in my fcabbard ; Shall I draw it ? 

D. Pedro, Dofl thou wear thywit by thy fide ? 

Claud. Never any didfo, though very many havebii^ 

* — wr will not wAkcyour pat'ttnce.'\ The old men have been b*^ 
▼ery angr)- and outrageous ; the prince iclls .them that he and Qatifi^ 
ruill net wake tbtir faticnct } will not any longer force then to iwdurt^^ 
prefence of tbofe whom, though they look on tham ai enemies, tli^ 
cannot refift. Johnsoit. 



£deikturwu.-^I will btd thee draw, as we do the min^ 

tlȣ dx2m, to>pleaAtre us. 

Z). Pedro. As 1 am an honeft man, he looks pale :-^ 

It thmt iMk^ ee aagry ? 

CIomJ. What ! coarage, man I What though care killed 

:at» ihonhaft mettle enough in thee to kill care. 

Mime. Sir» I fliall meet yoar wit in the career, an 

charge it againfl me 1*— I pray you choele anothcf 

Clmuf^^bty, then give him another ftaff ; thiskiwif 


D. P«^. By this light, he chaages more and moief 

hink» he be angry ii»eed. 

CJmmd^ If he be, he knows how to torn his givdle^. 

Bgmtm Shall I {peak a word in yoar e^r ? 

Chmd. God blefs me from a challenge ! 

9in§. Yon are a viUain ;— -I jell not :— I will make it 

9d how you dare, with what you dare, and when yo» 

re :— Db me rieht, or I will proteft your cowardice. 

IftlMure kiU'd a Iweet lady, and her death (hali faU kta- 

on yon: Let me hear from yon. 

QJ mm l . W«U» I wiU meet you, fol may have good cheer. 

D.Piihr: What, a fcaft? afeaft? 

C61W. I'fiOdii. I thank him; he hath bid« me to a 

i M^thmfprn^him another ^tf'y 4k.] An sUufion to fi/Haf . See 

^ — ■ /0 turn. his girdU»\ *We have a proverbial (^otsh^Ifhe he Mirry, 
Bmsmm tbebueih cf his I'treUe. But I do not know itforiginaL 
M^ufaf* Jmiksom. 

ikmn^foMDg expreffioD ii nfed to tbti day la Irdand^— J/ Be $t 
Y^ktbtm ti^tsg t^hrpgmu Neither proverb^ I believe, haa mjf 
kneaaiAg. than tnjA : l£ he it in a baud humour^ let him eniplty 
iMftllf he 1 1 la a better. STiivKKt. 

tbtlkfe ekemeanTng is,.^If he be angry, he knows how to prepare 
■afelf for combat, and to obtain redrefs. Wxefllert (at it obferved 
><it ikntkimu^^ Magmd ne, 178^,) formerly, before they engaged^ 
■Mip tuniodtfae b«ckl« of their girdle behind.— In a letter from Sir 
^Winwood «i Sccietary Cecil, dated Dec. 17, z^oa, we meet with 
■ aipfafioa mcacioMd by Dr. Johnfon : « S faid, what I fpake was 
■Nft adto ham aagrys. He r«|4ied, If I were Stigry, I might tmm 
"^^itlHe^tmgi/HUehehuHltfie,** Maloni. 

^.— Itf-I itciavivid. Rfi^. 

Vot. 11. U calf 8. 

tgo M U C H A D O 

calPs-hcad and a eapon ; the which if I do notcarve 
moll nirioufly, fay, my knife's naught. — Shall I not find 
a woodcock too*? 

Bene, Sir, your wit ambles well ; it goes eaAly. 

D, Pedro, ril tell thee how Beatrice prais'd thy wit 
the other day : I faid, thou hadft a fine wit ; True^ fays 
fhc, a fine little one: No, faid I, a great wit; Right, hi^ 
Ihe, a great grofs one ; Nay, faid I, a good tvit ; Jb/, 
faid (he, ir hurts no body : Nay, faid I, the gentlenum is 
wi/e ; Certain, faid {he, a lui/e gentleman '' ; Nay, faid I, 
he hath the tongues ; That I believe, faid (he, for be^tri 
q thing to me on monday night, vjhich he forfiwort on tuefda) 
morning ; there* s a double tongue, there* s t*wo tongues, Thw 
did Ihe, an hour together, tranf-fliaije thy particular vir- 
tues ; yet, at lafl, fhe concluded with a figh, thou wall 
the propereft man in Italy. 

» Claud. For the which file wept heartily, and faid, Ae 
cared not. 

D. Pedro, Yea, that fhe did ; but yet, for all that, an 
if (he did not hate him deadly, fhe would love him dear- 
ly; the old man's daughter told us all. 

Claud. All, all ; and moreover, Godfanu bim vohen he 
nvas hid in the garden, 

D. Pedro, Bvx when fhall we fet the favagebairs hoftis 
on the fenfible Benedick's head ? 

Claud. Yea, and text underneath, Hert dtveUs Bent' 
dick the married man ? , 

Bene, Fare you well, boy ; you know my mind ; I will 
Ifeave you now to your goflip-like humour : you break jci» 
as braggarts do their blades, which, God be thanked, 
hurt not. — My lord, for your many ccnirteAes I think 
you; I muft difcontinue your company : your brotlier> 
the baftard, is fled from Meffina ; you have, among yoii> 

* ^ball I not find a woodc«ck too f^ A woodcock, being fiippoW 
to have no brains, was a proverbial term for a foolifli fellow. See the 
London ^Prodigal, 1605, and other comedies. Malonk. 

7 — tf wz/if gentleman ;] This jeft depending on the colloqoitl ofe* 
words is now obfcure j perhaps we Ihould read a vfife gentlemgM, oti 
man wife enough t:> be a coivard. Perhaps wife gentleman wii in thit 
age ufcd ironically, and always ftood iQiJilly follow* Johnson* 



I'd a fweet and innocent lady : For my lord Laclc-be^rd 

re, he and I fhall meet ; and till then, peace be with 

I \ [Exit Benedick. 

!). Pidro, He is in earned. 

'^laud. In moil profoand earned ; and, I'll warrant 

I, for the love of Beatrice. 

5. Pedrc, And hath challeng'd thee ? 

I/omJ, Moft fincerely, 

>. Pedro. What a pretty thing man is, when he goes 

lis doublet and hofe, and leaves oiF his wit • ! 

er Dogberry, Verges, and the Watch, ^wttb 


Zlaud. He is then a giant to an ape : but then is an ape 
o6tor to fuch a man. 

1. Pedro. But, foft you, let bc^ ; pluck up my heart, 
I be fad : Did he not fay, my brother was fled ? 


fFhst atretty thing man is, when be goes in bit doublet and hofe, 
leaves off bis wit /] It was edeemed a mark of levity and want of 
»ming gravity, at that time, to go in the doublet and hofe, and leave oW 
rloak i to which this well-turned exfrejjion alludes. The thought is, 
: love makes a man as ridiculous, and expofes him as naked as being 
hedoublet and hofe without a cloak. Wakbviton. 
doubt much concerning this interpretation, yet am by no means 
fident that my own is right. I bclievC) however, thefe words refer 
that Don Pedro had faid juft before—" And hath challenged thte ?** 
.nd that the meaning is, What a pretty thing a man is, when he ia 
r enough to throw off his cloak, and go in his doublet and hofe, to 
if for a woman ? In the Merry fVives of JVindfor when Sir Hugh 
;oisg to engage with Dr. Caius, he walks about in his doublet and 
•e. *« Page. And youthful ftill in your doublet and hofe, this raw 
ittffladck day ! *^ << •— > There is reaions and caufes for it,** fays Sir 
tgh, alluding to the duel he was going to fight.— I am aware that 
!Tt was a particular fpecies of finglc combat called Rapier and clcak% 
tl fuppofe, neverthelefs, that when thefmall fword came into com- 
>o ufe, the cloak was generally laid afide in duels, as tending to eip- 
nCi the combatants. Malonk* 

9 Buty foftyoui let be;] The quarto and firfl folio read corruptly-.* 
me be, which the editor of the fecond folio, in order to obtain fome 
ife, converted to—let me fee. I was once idle enough to fuppofe that 
py was of fome authority ; but a minute examination of it has /hewn 
stkat all the alterations made in it were merely arbitrary, and ge^ 
nlly very injudicious. Let be were without doubt the authoi*s words. 
'^ftOiecxpreffioD occurs again in K* Henry Vlll; 

U » « --— and 

292 M U C H A D O 

Dog. Come, you, fir ; if juftice cannot tame yoa, iit 
fhall ne'er weigh more reafons in her balance : nay, an 
you be a curfing hypocrite once, you muft be look'd to, 

D. Pedro. How now, two of my brother's men bound! 
Borachio, one! 

Claud. Hearken after their offence, my lord ! 

D. Pedro. OlEcers, what offence have thefe men done? 

Dog. Marry, fir, they have committed falfe report ; 
moreover, they have fpokcn untruths ; fecondarily, they 
are ilanders; fixth and lafUy, they have bely'd a la- 
dy ; thirdly, they have verify'd unjuH things : and, ta 
conclude, they are lying knaves. 

/>. Pedro. Firil, I a(k thee what they have done ; 
thirdlv, I afk thee what's their offence ; fixth and lafUy, 
why they are committed ; and, to concinde, what yoff 
lay to their charge i 

Claud. Rightly reafbned, and in his own dfvifion ; and, 
by my troth, there's one meaning well fuited *. 

D. Pidr9. Whom have you offended, matters, that 
you are thus bound to your anfwer ? this learned confbblc 
IS too canning to be underilood : What's your ofience ? 

Bora. Sweet prince, let me ga no uu-ther to mine 
anfwer ; do you hear me, and let this count kill me. I 
have deceived even your very eyes : what your w^Rloms 
could not difcover, thefe fhallow fools have brought to 
light ; who, in the night, overheard me confefling to this 
man, how Don John your brother incens-'d me to flandcr 
the lady Hero ; how you were brought into the orchard, 
and faw me court Margaret in Hero's garments ; how you 
difgraced her, when you fhould marry her : my villainy 
they have upon record ; which I had rather feal with my 

** — and they were ratified, 
" As he cried, thus let A*." 
Again, in Antony and Cleopatra^ Aft. IV. ft:, iv. 

<< What's this for? Ah, let bey let ^e.*' MALom . 
Again, in tbemnter's rale Leonato fays, " let he, let ^«." RtIP' 
Let be is the true reading. It means, let tbingt rtmaiii as tbey on. ^ 
have heard the phrafe ufcd by Dr. Johnfon himfelf. Stskysni. 

> — - ont meaning nvell fuited.] That is, one meaning is tut inf mstj 
different drejfes } the prince having aikcd the fame qucftion m four mode* 
ot fpccch, Johnson. 



etdi^ than repeat over to my fliame : the lady is dead 
pon mine and my mailer's falie accafation ; a&dbricllyj 
defire nothing but the reward of a villain* 

/>. Ptdro. Runs not this fpeech like iron through your 

CUmd^ I have drunk poifon^ whiles he utter'd it. 

D. Ptdv%. But did my brother fet diee on to this ? 

Bora. Yea, and paid me richly for the praftice of it. 

Z>. Pedro. He is compos'd and framM of tr e ach et y :*^ 
Vnd fled he is upon this villainy. * 

Claud. Sweet Heroi now th^ image dodi appear 
n the rare femblance that I lov'dit firfi. 

Dog. Come, bring away the plaintiffs ; by this time 
mr Sexton hath refbrmM fignior Leonato of the matter : 
\nd matters, do not forget to fpecify, when time an4 
>lace fludlfenFe, that I am an afs. 

Verg. Here, here comes mafter fignior Leonato^ and 
he Sexton too. 

Ri-enter Leonato, and Antonio^ vjUh the Sexton. 

Leon. Which is the villain ? Let me fee his eyes : 
rhat wheni wmxc another man like him, 
[ may avoid him : Which of thefe is he ? 

Bora. If you would know your wronger, look on me. 

Letm. Art thou the flave, that with thy breath hail 
Mine innocent child? 

Bora. Yea, even I alone. 

Leon. No, not fo villain ; thou bely'flthyfelf ; 
Here (land a pair of honourable men, 
A third is flea, that had a hand in it :— 
I thank you, princes, for my daughter's death ! 
Record it with your hi^h and worthy deeds ; 
'Twas bravely done, if you bethink you of it. 

Cleuid, I know not how to pray your patience* 
Yet I muft fpeak : Choofe your revenge yourfclf ; 
Impofe me to what penance * your invention • 


* lapoie mtu whot pewance-^] i. e. command mt to undergo what- 

^"^ pciuncc, Uc, A talk or cxcrcife prcfcribcd by wiy of puniih- 

U 3 menc 


Can lay upon my iin : yet iinnM I not. 
Bat in miftaking. 

Z). Pedro, By my foul, nor I ; 
And yet, to fatisfy this good old man, 
I would bend under any heavy weight 
That he'll enjoin me to. 

Leon, I cannot bid you bid my daughter live. 
That were impoflible ; but, I pray you both, 
EofTefs the people in Meflina here 
How innocent fhe dy'd : and, if your love 
Can labour aught in fad invention. 
Hang her an epitaph upon her tomb. 
And fing it to her bones ; fing it to-night :— 
To-morrow morning come you to my houfe ; 
And iince you coulcTnot be my fon-m-law. 
Be yet my nephew : my brother hath a daughter, 
Almofl the copy of my child that's dead. 
And ftie alone is heir to both of us ' ; ^ 
Give her the right you fhould have given her coofin. 
And fo dies my revenge. 

Claud. O noble fir. 
Your over-kindnefs doth wring tears from me ! 
I do embrace your offer ; and difpofe 
For henceforth of poor Claudio. 

Leon, 'fo- morrow then I will expeft your coming ; 
To-night I take my leave.— This naughty man 
Shall face to face be brought to Margaret, 
Who, I believe, was pack'd in all this wrong ♦, 
Hir'd to it by your brother. 

Bora, No, by my foul, fhe was not ; 
Nor knew not what fhe did, when fhe fpoke to me ; 
But always hath been jufl and virtuous. 
In any thing that I do know by her. 

ment for a fault committed at the univcrfities, is yet called (as W 
Steevens has obferved in a former note) an impofition, Maloki. 

S Andfl>e alone is beir to both ofus','\ Shakfpeare feeroi to have fc 
got what he had made Leonato lay in the fifth fcene of the firft afi 
Antonio, '* Horu) now, hr other ; where is my coufin your fon t hstb 
frovided the mujick ?*' Anonymous. 

4 — packed iff alt this vfrong^'\ i. c* combined 5 an accomplice. 



3^. Moreover, fir, (which, indeed, is not under 
e and black,) this plaintiff here, the offender, did 
tne afs : I befeech you, let it be remember'd in hit 
ihment : And alfo, the watch heard them talk of one 
>rmed : they fay, he wears a key in his ear, and a 
hanging; by it ; and borrows money in God's name' ; 
which he hath ufed fo long, and never paid, that 
men grow hard-hearted, and will lend nothing for 
's fake : Pray you, examine him upon that point. 
fOM. I thank thee for thv care and honefl pains. 
og. Your worfhip fpeaks like a moll thankful and 
rend youth : and I praife God for you. 
eoK. There's for thy pains. 
>og. God fave the foundation ! 

ecn. Go, I difcharge thee of thy prifoncr, and I 
ik thee. 

^og» I leave an errant knave with your worfhip ; which, 
feech your worfhip, to correft yourfelf, for tne exam- 
t>[ others. God keep your worfhip ; I wifh your wor- 

— > be vegrs a hey in hit ear^ and bath a lock hanging by it ; and 
fPf money in God's name \] The allufion is to a fantaftical faihion 
at time, the men's wearing rings in their ears, and indulging a 
irite lock of hair which was brought before, and tied with ribbons, 
railed a love-lock, Againfl this fafliion William Prynne wrote hit 
iie, called, The Unlovelinefi of Love-locks . Waiuburton. 
r. Warburton, I believe, has here (as he frequently does,) refined 
Je too much. There is no allufion, J conceive, to the faihion of 
ingringi in the ears (a faihion which our author himfelf followed)* 
pleafantry feems to confifl in Dogberry's fuppofing that the lock 
chDKPOKMED wore, mud have a key to it. 

ynesMoryfon in a very particular account that he has given of the 
sof Lord Montjoy, (the rival, and afterwards the friend of Robert 
I of EfTex,) fays, that his hair was ** thinne on the head, where he 
e it fliort, except a lock under bis left eare, which he nourished the 
e of this warre, [the Iriih War in 1599,] and being woven up, hid 
a his neck under his ruB'e.** Itenakar y, H. II. p. 4^. Whenhe 
s not on fervice, he probably wore it in a different fafhion. — The por- 
itof Sir Edward Sackville, Earl of Dorfct, painted by Vandyck, (now ' 
Knowlc) exhibits this lock with a large knotted ribband at the end of 
It hangs under the ear on the left fide, and reaches as low as where 
c ftaris now worn by the knights of the garter. 

The fame faHiion is alluded to in an epigram quoted in Vol. I, p. 215 : 

** Or what he doih with fuch a horie-uil- lock," icQ* Malon £• 

U 4. fhip 


Ikipwell; God reflore yoo to healtk : I Jianiblv giv« 5V0 
Ittve to depart ; and if a merrjr meeting maj k wiii'd, 
God prohibtt it."— Come, ndgitboor. 

[Exiunt DoGBBaRT, Vercbs, amdWuch. 

Inn. Until to-morrow morning, lords^ farewell. 

Jint. Farewell, my lords ; we look for yoa to-morrovr* 

D.Pedro. We will not fail. 

CUtttd. To-night rU mourn with Hero. 

i Exeunt D. PcDao ^jti/Clavdio. 
kefe fellows on; we*ll talk witJi 
How her acqaaintance grew with diis lewd fi:lIow. [Exeat* 

SCENE 11. 

A Room in Leonato*8 Houfe. 

£neer Benedick, mnd Makoa^zt, meeting. 

Bene. Pray thee, iweet miftrcfs Margaret, defenr« 
well at my hands, by helping me to the fpcech of 

Mar. Will you then write me a fonnet in praife of my 
beauty ? 

Bene. In fo hi^h a ftyle, Margaret, that no man living 
Ihall come over it ; for, in moft comely truth, thoa dt* 
icrveft it. 

Mar. To have no man come over me ? why, (hall I 
always keep below flairs ^ ? 

Bene. Thy wit is as quick as the greyhound's mouth ; \ 
it catches. \ 

^ T« bave no man come over we f vby, fibafl J shoayt ketp bcl<J^ 
fmrt f ] Theobald with fomc probability reads — ab^vt ftain ; yet Wr«^ 
»nd abo^e were not likely to be confounded either b)r the tranfcribcr oS 
compofitor. Ma lone. 

1 fuppofe every reader will find the meaning. Johkson* ^ 

Lett he fhould not, the following inftance from Sir Afton Cockayn^ * 
^pemi is at his fervice : 

<' But to prove rather he was not beguird, 
** Her he o'er'came, for he got her with child.** 
Aad another, more appofite, from MiT^on^s Infatiate Ccttnteftf l6i -^ 
** Alas ! when we are once o'the falling hand, 
** A oaii may eafily comeevtr ui.** CoLLXUs/' 



JAir« Aiid year's as blunt as the fencer's feils^ wUch 
hkt bat hurt not. 

Bmi. A moft manly wit, Margaret, it will not toot a 
vnmuk ; and (b« I pray thee, caU Beatrice : I give theo 
the bucklers ^, 

tUr* Give us the Twords, we have backlert of oar •wn. 

Jlrar. If you aie them, Margaret, yon mnftpnt in the 
pikes withavice ; and theyare dangerous weapons for maids. 

Mimr. Well, I will call Beatrice to yoo, who, I think, 
hatklegs. L^i^rf/ MAaoAatr. 

Bmi. And therefore will come. 

nt god of love, [finging* 

^ nat fits above , 
Mni knows me, and kno*ws me^ 
How pitiful I diferve,'^ 

I mean, in fin^g ; but in loving,— Leander the good 
fiviamer, Troilus the firft employer of pandars, and a 
mihtAt book foil of thefe quondam carpet.mon«ers, whofii 
Banes vet run fmoothly in the even road of a blank verfet 
why, mes[ were never fo truly tum'd over and over, aa 
my poor lelf, in love: Marry, I cannot (hew it in rhime ; I 
have tryM ; I can find out no rhime to lady but bafy, an 
innocent rhime ; for fcom, born, a hard rhime ; -for 
Jeb—l, fool, a babbling rhime ; very ominous endings : 
No» I was not bom under a rhiming planet, nor I caanol 
woo in feftival terms.-— 

Enter Bbatrici. 
Sweet Beatrice, would'fl thou come when I callM thee ? 

Beat, Yea, fignior, and depart when you bid me. 

Berne* O, ftay but till then ! 

Beat, Then is fpoken ; fare you well now : — and yet 
ere I go, let me go with that I came for', which is, with 

7 1 pvitbtttbe huekleru'\ I fnppofe that /•ffirr f i&« ^cd/irf it, f#tiff/4 
w to lay hy ail thought t of defenct \ fo clypeum ahjUere, The rdt de« 
ienrei no comment. Johnson. 

The exprefliofi (at Mr. Steeveni has ihewo) occurt very frequently la 
ov old comedies. Malonz. 

» — with that I came for,] For, which is wanting in the old copy, 
vas bferted by Mr. Ro wc . M a l o m x • 



latomng what hath pafs'd between you and ClandCo. 

£ene. Only foul words ; and thereupon I will kifs thee. 

Beat- Foul words are but foul wind« and foul wind is 
tat foul breath, and foul breath is noifome ; therefore I 
will depart unkifs'd. 

Bene, Thou hail frighted the word out of his right fenie, 
ft) forcible is thy wit : But, I mud tell thee plainly, Clau- 
dio undereoes my challenge ; and either I moft fhordy 
hear horn him, or I will fubfcribe him a coward. And, 
I pray thee now, tell me, for which ofmy bad parts didft 
thou nrft fall in love with me ? 

B€af. For them all together ; which maintain'd b po- 
litick a ilate of evil, that they will not admit any good 
part to intermingle with them. But for which of\ny good 
parts did you firjl fuifer love for me ? 

Bfne. Suffer love ; a good epithet ! I do fuffer love, in- 
deed, for I love thee againft my will. 

Beat. In fpight of your heart, I think ; alas ! poor 
heart ! If you Ipight it for my fake, I will fpight it for 
yours; for I will never love that, which my friend 

Bene. Thou and I are too wife to woo peaceably. 

Beat, It appears not in this confcffion : there's not one 
wife man among twenty, that will praife himfelf. 

Bene. An old, an old inftance, Beatrice, that lived 
in the time of good neighbours' : if a man do not ereft in 
this age his own tomb ere he dies, he (hall live no longer 
in monument, than the bell rings, and the widow 

Beat. And how long is that, think you ? 

Bene. Queftion ' ? Why, an hour in clamour, and a 
quarter in rheum : Therefore it is moft expedient for the 
wife, (if Don Worm, his confcience, find no impediment 
to the contrary,) to be the trumpet of his own virtues, as 
lamtomyfelf: So much for praifmg myfelf, (who, I 

9 — ,•„ the time cf good neigbUun ;] i. e. When men were not cn- 
^ Vious, but every one g^ve another his due. War bur ton. 

* Qucftiun ? why, an hour, ice. j i. e. What a quellion's there ? 


• myfelf 


:lf will bear witnefs, is praife worthy 9)— «nd now teU 
hoiHf doth your coufln ? 
eat. Very ill. 
enf» And how do you ? 
eai. Very ill too. 

em. Serve God, love me, and mend : there will I 
e yoa too, for here comes one in hafle. 
Enter Ursula. 

r/. Madam, yoa mufl come to your nncle ; yonder's 

coil at home : it is proved, my lady Hero hath been 

:fly accufed, the prince and Claudio mightily abufed; 

Don John is the author of all, who is fled and gone; 

1 yoo come prcfently ? 

eat. Will yoo go hear this news, iignior? 

fjre, I will live in thy heart, die in thy lap, and be 

'*d in thy eyes ; and, moreover, I will go with thee 

hy uncle's. lExetmf. 


J Church. 

r Don Pedro, Claudio, and Attendants mtt 
mufick and tapers* 

laud. Is this the monument of Leonato ? 
tten. It is, my lord, 
land, [reads from a/croIL] 

Done to death * by Jlanderous tongues 

Was the Hero that here lies : 
Death, in guerdon of her 'wrong;, 

Gi*ves her fame ivhich never dies : 
So the life, that dy^d ^with Jbame, 
Li'ves in death tuith glorious fame, 

Hane thou there upon the tomb, [affixing it. 
Praiung her when I am dumb.— 

Done to death'] This obfolete phrafe occurs frequently In oar an* 

dramas. Thus, in Marlowe's LuftU Domifiion t 
«< His mother's hand ihall (lop thy breath, 
«< Tbinklog her own fon U dtne to dtatb*** Maloni* 



Now, mufick, found, and fing your folemn hyms^ 


Far don t Goddefs of the »i^t» 
nofe tbatjleixj thy ^virgin knight ' ; 
For the nvhicb, nmth Jongs ofiuoe. 
Round about her tomb they go. 

Midnight, affift our moan ; 

Help us to Jigb and groan^ 
Hea<vily9 heavily: 

Graifes, yawn, and yield your dead. 

Till death be uttered, 
Hewuily, heanjily. 

Claud. Now^, unto thy bones good night ! 

Yearly will I do this rite. 
D. Fedro. Good morrow, mafters ; put your tordiet out: 
The wolves have prey 'd ; and look, the gentle day. 

Before the wheels of Phoebus, round about 
Dapples the drowfy eaft withfpots of grey : 

ThasLKs to you all, and leave us ; fare you well. 
Claud. Good morrow, mafters ; each his fevend war* 
2). Fedro. Come, let us hence, aiyd put on other weeos; 

And then to Leonato's we will go. 

3 nofe that flew thy virgin knight \\ Knight, in Itt original fipJ^ 
ficttion, means follower or fupM, and in tut Xtnk may be lieaunioet 
Helena, in A1V% Well that Enii wdl^ iifes knight in ttie ima fiffli* 
fication. John son. 

Virgin knight ii virgin hero. In tlie times of chi? airy, i virgin intghc 
was one who had as yet atchieved no adventure. Hero iiad as jret at* 
chieved no matrimonial one. It may be added, that a virgin knight 
wore no device on his (hield, having no right to anj tifl he haid deieived 
it.— On the books of the Stationers* Company in tkn year X5949 is en- 
tered, ** — Pheander the mnyden knight.'^ 

It appears, however, from feveral paflTagcs in Spenfer's Fnerie i^orv* 
B. i.e. 7* that an ideal order of thi% name was fyppofed, at a compliment 
Co queen Elizabeth** virginity : 

" Of doughtie knights whom faery land did raifc 
« That notHe order hight of msidenhed.'^ 
Again, B. ii. c 2. Stsbvens. 

4 Claud. N0W9 &c} In the old copy thefe lines, by a miftake of the 
tranfcriber or compolator, are^givep to an actc&dant« Mrt JLowe made 
tfae correction now adopted. Ma L ON s , 



*laud. And Hymen now with luckier ilTue fpeed*s'» 
in this, for whom we rendered up this woe i \Exfuntm. 

A Room in Leonato's Houft. 

tr Lbonato, Antonio, Bbnbdick, BbatricSj 
Mahgaret^ Ursula, Friar offi^ Hero. 

W«r. Did I not tell you (he was inaocent ? 

eon. So are the prince and Claudia, who acca»'dhcrj 

m the error that vou heard debated : 

Margaret was in tome £ialt for this ; 

hough agaittft her will, as it appears 

:he true courfe of all the queHioft. 

fmi. Well, I am glad that all things fort b wdU 

Tjaief. And ib am I> being elfe by faith enforced 

call young Claudio to a reckoning for it. 

,t9m. Well, daughter, and you gentlewomen all, 

Jidraw into a chamber by yourielves; 

I, when I fend for ^ou, copie hither mafk'd: 

t princae aa4 Claudio promised by this hoor 

vifitiae:— •You know your office, brother; 

I muft be father to your brother's daughter, 

1 gire her to young Claudio. [ExwMt Ladiesm 

ttu. Which I will do with confirm'd counuaaace* 

fnr/. Friar, I moil eaueat your pains, I think. 

*rimr. To do what, fignior? 

\iui. To bind me, or undo me, oae of them.— 

nior Leonato, truth it is, good fi|;nior, 

u* niece regards me with an eye of favour. 

\€9M. That eye my daughter lent her ; 'Tis moft true; 

^i9i. And I do with an eye of love requite her. 

\eon. The fight whereof, I think, you had ftom me, 

>m Claudio, and the prince ; But what's your will ? 

— j3^«<ri,l i e. fpccd us ! The old copy read*— -A^Wi. Corrc6lcd 
explained by Dr. Thirlby. Claudio, as he obferves, could not 
iw uiat the propofed match would have any luckier event than that 
ined with Hero. Yet I confefs, the contraaion introduced is (o ex- 
ndy har/hy that 1 doubt whether it was intended by the author* 
werer I ha?e followed former editors in adopting it. Ma i o k i . 

30) M U C H A D O 

Bern. Your anfwer, fir, is enigmatical : 
But, for my will, my will is, your good will 
May Hand with ours, this day to be conjoined 
In the cftatc of honourable marriage; — 
In which, good friar, I (hall deilre your help. 

Leon, My heart is with your liking. 
^ Friar, And my help. 
Here comes the prince, and Claudio. 

Enter Don Pedro, Claudio, and Atttnianis. 

iD. Pedro, Good morrow to this fair aiTembly. 

Leon, Good morrow, prince ; good morrow, Clandio; 
We here attend you ; Are you yet determin*d 
To-day to marry with my brother's daughter? 

Claud. I'll hold my mind, were fhe an Ethiope. 

Leom Call her forth, brother, here's the ^iair ready. 

[^AT/V Antonio. 

D. Pidro, Good morrow. Benedick : Why, what's the 
That you have fuch a February face. 
So full of froft, of ftorm, and cloudinefs ? 

Claud, I think, he thinks upon the fava^ bull * :— 
Tulh, fear not, man, we'll tip thy horns with gold. 
And all Europa fhall rejoice at thee ; 
As once Europa did at lufty Jove, 
When he would play the noble beaft in love. 

Bene, Bull Jove, fir, had an amiable low; 
And fomc fuch ilrange bull leapt your father's cow. 
And got a calf in that fame noble feat. 
Much like to you, for you have juft his bleat. 

Re-enter Antonio, luith the ladies majk*d, 

Claud, For this I owe you : here come other reck'ningJ* 
Which is the lady I muft feizc upon ? 

Ant, This fame is fhe, and 1 do give you her ^. 

Claud, Why, then file's mine: Sweet, let me fee your fiicc 

• — upon tht favage bull :'^ Sec p. 217, n. 8. Ma lone. 

* Ant. This fume &c.] This fpccch is in the old copies given to U^ 
aato. Mr. Theobald firll afligned it to the right owner. Lconatob*^ 
10 a former part of this fccne told Antonio,— that be " muft be father 
to his brother's daughter, and gUcber to young Claudio.** Malovs • 


lion. No, that yoa (hall not, till you take her hznd 

fore this friar, and fwear to marry her. 

!7AiW. Give me your hand before this holy friar ; 

m your hufband, if you like of me. 

Hero. And when I liv'd, I was your other wife : 

d when you lov'd, you were my other hulband. 

Oiaad. Another Hero? 

Hero. Nothing certainer : 

e Hero dyM defil'd ; but I do live, 

dy forely as I live, I am a maid. 

0. Pedro. The former Hero ! Hero that is dead ! 

LeM. She dy'd, my lord, but whiles her dander liv'd. 

FHar. All this amazement can I qualify ; 

hen, after that the hol^ rites are ended, 

L tdl yon largely of fair Hero's death : 

ran timt let wonder feem familiar, 

id tothe chapel let us prefently. 

Berne.' Soft and fair, friar :— Which is Beatrice ? 

BeMf. I anfwer to that name ; [unmajtin^.] what is 

your will ? 
Berne. Do not yon love me? 
Beat. Why, no, no more than rea(bn. 
Beir^. Why, then your uncle, and the prince, and 

ive been deceived ; for they fwore you did '* 
Beat. Do not you love me ? 
Bene. Troth, no, no more than reafon. 
Bemt. Why, then my coufin, Margaret, and Urfulaj 
re much deceived ; for they did fwear you did. 
Berne. They fwore that you were almofl fick for me. 
Beiti. They fwore that you were well-nigh dead for me. 

Bine. 'Tis no fuch matter : — Then, you do not lore me : 

Beat, No, truly, but in friendly recompence. 

Leon. Come, coufin, I am lure you love the gen- 

C/fl»y. And I'll be fworn upon't, that he loves her; 

^ — for they fwore you did A For, which both the fenfe and metre 
'H*'"'! was infcrted by Sir Thomas Hanmer. So below : 

*l Are much dccciv'd j fcr they did (wear you did." Malons. 



Por kere's a paper, written in his hand* 
A halting fonnet qF His own pore biains 
Pafhion'd to Beatrice. 

Hero. And here's another. 
Writ in my coofin's hand, Men from her pockety 
Containing her afPedion unto Benedick. 

Btne, A miracle ! here's oar own hamU a^aiaft ov 
hearts ! — Come> I will have thee ; bmt, by this Ugkt* I 
take thee focpity. 

Beat. I would not deny yoa^;— bit, by thM-gini di^f 
I yield upon great perfaafion ; and, jpaiUy, Ift fmt joat 
lite, for I was told you were in a coBuimpdon. 

Mene^ Peace, I will ftop your mouths tiifii%ier. 

D. Ptdro. How doft thou,. Benedick the matti^aan? 

Bim. I'll teU thee what» prince;, a coUtgst of «ir« 

» crackers cannot flout me out of my huaoir^ DiftthiO 

think, I care for a fatire, orajxepi^nuiLl' I^: jfai 

will be beaten with brains, he (hall weari 

about him : In brief, ^jsce I do psrpoft ta«Mm>. I wSL 
think aothtng to any purpoic that the world cm m A|dbit 
it ; and therefore never flout at me for what I have hoi 
againfl it ; for man is a gidd^ thiaffa and thi^jl M 49n- 
cmfion. — For thy part» Claudio, I dm think to JMrcLPOtM 
thee ; but in that thou art like to be my kinfinMit tmilB- 
bruis'^d, and love my coufln. 

Claud. I had well hoped,, thos woaldft ]umf» dtaial 
Beatrice, that I might have cudgeH'd th«t out of 4/ 
fingle life, to make thee a double dealer^ whidi* ooiflf 
queftion, thou wilt be, if my couiia do not look cxQecdbf 
narrowly to thee* 

Bene. Come, come, we are fidtnds :-— let *a here %im» 
ere we are marry 'd, that we may lighten oiw 
and our wives' heels. 

s / wouid/M den^toM } &c.} I ctaaot find ii ay heaitt* deif }•% 
bitt for all that i yidd, after having ftood (mt fteat pairfbtlioia tott- 
mtilTon. He had faid, / take tbee for pity, (he replk«, I monUnttif* 
fiy thee, u e. I uke thea for pity too : but as I live, I am woatDlMl i 
compliance by importunity of friends. Warburton. 

9 Bene. Peaa^ I wUJ ftop your mouth.,] In the old copi«s thtfewaiii; 
ti« by mtftake given to Leonato. The prefent rtguUtioa Vfu made bf 1 
Mr. Tkeobald. Malone« I 


ff. We'll have dancing afterward. 
^ Firft, o' my word ; therefore, play mufick.<— - 
:, thou art fad ; get th'je a wife,^ get thee a wife : 
s no ftaffmore reverend than one tipp'd with horn '• 

Enter a MeiTenger. 
T. My lord, your brother John is ta*cn in flight, 
rought with armed men back to Meflina. 

M 9t^ mtrt rtvertnd than one tippM with horn.] This paflag* 
oit of fome explanation that I am unable to furnifli. By acci- 
ill feveral inftances 1 had coUeded for the purpoie of throwing 
\U The following however may alfift the future commentator* 
(loaii» 169X. << That a filom mat waci vattailk, 
'■BoaDiR THxaEOP.** «— by order of the lawe both the par- 
ft at theire own charge be armed withoute any yron or long 
:, aidtheire heades bare, and bare-handed, and barr.footed, every 
hofli leaving a h^J!on homed at echende, of one length.** Stiit* 
(atfcas's explanation is undoubtedly the true one. The allu* 
mtaUty to the ancient trial by wMger 0/ hattel, in fuits both 

aad civil. The quotation above given recites the form in the 
■ft|Mi vix. an appeal of felony. The practice was nearly fimilar 
lfta»«poa Mbc joined in a writ of right. Ot the laft trial of thia 
Uiflaod, (which was in the thirteenth year of Queen Elixabcth^} 
IOC might have read a particular account in Stowe*t Amusktm 
f aOor, mafter of defence, was champion for the demandants^ 
«w and John Kyme \ and George Thorne for the tenant, (or 
it^) Thomas Faramoure. The combat was appointed to b« 
n TnthilUfields, and the Judges of the Common Pleas and Ser« 

law attended. But a compromife was entered into between th« 

the evening before the appointed day, and they only went 
the forms, for the greater fecuricy of the tenant. Among other 
ics Stowe mentions, that « the gauntlet that was caft down 
ft Thome was borne before the fayd Nailor, in his pafllige 
London, upon a fword*s point, and his bafton (a Jisffofein eU* 
^ taper- wife, tift with bornt) with his ihield ol hard leather, 
e after him, &c.** See alfo Min(heu*s D\€t. 1617, in v. Comhst | 
ich it appears that Naiior on this occafion was introduced te 
cs» with *• three foiemn congees,*^ by a very re^fertmd peribn, 
•fome Bowet, ambaHador from Queen Elixabeth into Ruffia» 
ried a red hafton of an ell long, tipped with ^cmr.'*— >In a 
ient law-book entitled Britton^ the manner in which the cora« 
re to be armed is particularly mentioned. The quotation from 
nan Mf. is a tranflation from thence. By a ridiculous miftake 
s» <* fauns loje arme,** are rendered in the niodem tranf* 
that book, printed a few yearrago,— «« without linnen armour^** 

mains nues & pies** [bare-handed and bare-footed] is tranf- 
aod their hands naked, and on foot,"* M a l o n 1 • 
. II. X B€ne. 


Biiu* Think not on him till to-morrow ; Pll itrik cfiee 
bravepaniihments for him.-*Strike up, pipers. 

{Dance. ExeMni\ 

* Thit pUj may be jaiUy faid to eontaiD two of the moft fprightly 
charaden that Shakfpeaxt ever dre^. ^ The wit* the huBonnft, tiit 
centlemaoy and the foldier» are combined in Benedick* It u to W 
lamentedy indeed, that the firft and moft fpiendid of thefe diftindiont 
it dilgraced by unneceflary profaneneit f for the goodnela of his heart ii 
hardJy fufficlent to atone for the licence of hie tongue. The too (ar- 
caftic kvityy which flaihea out in the converfation of Beatzice» may be 
cxcttfed on account of the fteadinela and friendihip fo apparent in Jiei 
behaviour, when ihe urges her lorer to liique his life by a chalknge e» 
Claodio. In the condud of the fable, however, there ia an impcr* 
ftObn fimilar to that which Dr. Johnfon has pointed out ia the Mienf 
Wtvn of ffmlfor ;*— the fecond contrivance is lefs ingenious tfaaa tk 
firft :— or, to /peak more plainly, the fame incident is bocome hh 
by repetition. I wifli fome other method had been found to eatnf 
Beatrioe, than that very one which before had been fuceeftluUy pras* 
tiied on Benedick. 

Mmcb «is about Nothings (as I underftand from one of ACr* VeitseV 
MSS.) formerly paiTed under the title of Benedift aift Beatris. Hob- 
AiHg the player received, on the soth of May, i6i], the Amb of A(9 
pounds, and twenty pounds more as his majeftfs gn^ty, At cdiibii« 
log lis playt^at Hampton-Coitft, tmoAg which was thk > o m cdy» 


Pcrfons Reprefcntcd. 

Ferdinand, King ^Navarre. 

Biron, 1 

Longaville, > Lords, attindingcn the King. 

Bomain, J 

Don Adriano de Armado, afantajiical Spaniard, 

Sir Nathaniel, a Curate. 

Holofemes, a Schoobnafiir. 

Dull, a Conftahle. 

Coftard, a Clown. 

Moth, Pagg to Armado, 

A Fortfttr. 

Prince/s of France. 


Maria,^ J Ladies, attending on the Princt/s^ 


Jaquenetta, a Country Wench. 

nc, 1 

,, > Ladies, i 

rinc, J 

netta, a Country 

Officers, and others, attendants on the King and Princrfu 

SCENE, Navarre. 


A C T I. S C E N E I. 

Nayaxre. A Park, wtb a Palace in it. 
XgtirthiKing, Biron, Longavillb« amiDvuAiH* 

King. Let fame, that all hunt after in their lives^ 
Live repfter'd upon our brazen tombs. 
And then |^race us in the difgrace of death ; 
When, fpight of cormorant devouring time. 
The endeavour of this prefent breath may boy 
That honour, which (hall bate his fcythe's keen edge^ 
And make us heirs of all eternity. 
Therefore, brave conquerors, — for fo you are. 
That war againft your own afFedtions, 
And the huge army of the world's defires,— 
Our late edi6l ihall ftrongly (land in force : 
Navarre (hall be the wonder of the world ; 
Our court (hall be a little Academe, 
Still and contemplative in living art. 
Yon three, Bir6n, Dumain, and Longaville, 
Have fwornfor three years' term to live with me. 
My fellow-fcholars, and to keep thofe ftatutes. 
That are recorded in this fchedule here : 
Your oaths are paft, and now fubfcribe your names ; 
That his own hand may (hike his honour down. 
That violates the fmalleft branch herein : 
If you are arm'd to do, as fwornto do, 
Snbfcribe to your deep oath*, and keep it too. 

' I have not hitherto diicovered any novel on which this comedy 
appetn to have been founded \ and yet the ftory of it hat moft of the 
fcaCttiea of an ancient romance. Steevins. 

t09mii Lmbour't tofi I conje^ure to have been written in 1 594. See Ab 
Attempt to afcertMM the ordtr 0/ Sbakfteart's Playtf Vol. I. Malome* 
» ' -^yomr dup oath,] The old copies have— «0ii^i. ConedUd hy Mr. ^ 
Ste«vens. Malomx. 

X z ^*»^. 


Long. I am rcfolvM : 'tis but a three vears' fkft ; I 

The mind (hall b^qoet^ though the body pine : 
Fat paunches have lean pates ; and dainty bits 
Make rich the ribs, but bai:Jc'ront quite the wits. 


Dum. My loving lord, Dumainis mortify'd; 
The groffer manner of thefc world's deliefhts 
He throws upon thegroft world's bafer flaves : 
To love, to wealth, to pomp, I pine and die; 
With aM thde living in phiioibphy K \JiAfmkt. 

Sir. I can but Tay their proteilation oveit 
So much, dear lie^e, I have already fwom^ 
That is. To Uveandftudy here three years* 
But there are other firi£k obfervances : 
As, not to fee a woman in that term ; ^ 
Which* J hope well, is not enrolled there : 
Aild, one day in a week to touch no food ; 
And but on^ meal on every day beiide ; 
The which, I hope, is not enrolled there c 
And then, to deep but three hours in the nighty 
And not be feen to wink of all the day ; 
(When I was wont to think no harm ail nighty 
And make a dark night too of half the day $) 
Which, I hope well, is not enrciled Acre. 
O, thefe are barren taflcs, too hard to keep $ 
Nottofep ladies, £bdy, fail, notfleep^, 

AT/Vr^.' Your oath is pafs'd to pafs away from theft. 

Bir, Let' me fay, no, my liege, an if yon plea&p 
I only fwore» to iludy with your j^race, 
Andlkay here in your court for three yearsf* fbace. 

Long. You fwore to that, Biron, and to the reft. 

Bir. Bv yea and nay, fir, then I fwore in jejft.— 
What is the end of ftudy? let me knov^. 

King. Why, that to know, which elfe we Ihould not 

1 fTttb ali ibtfe livtng in fbUoftpby.^ The ftjle of tBe riijnif^ 
fcenes in this play is often entangled and obfcure, I know oot ceT^ 
ttinly to what all tbefe is to be referred 5 I fuppofe he inesafl, thit b^ 
4iids hviy pomp, and 'wealth in philofopby. Juhnbov. ^^^^ 

4 Npt tofeeUdies, fiMdj,fm/l, Mpeep.] Thit is, to ft( fto Udles, C^ 
ftttdy^ to fift, and not to deep. Malomi. 



Mir. Things hid and barr'd, ycm metii^ froai COflunoi 

King. Ay, that it ftady'f god-like recompettc«» 

^/r. Come on then, I will fwear to ftady fc^ 
To know the thine I am forbid to know : 
As thas^ — To fhiay where I well mav dine. 

When I to feaft exprefly am forbia ' ; 
Or, fludy where to meet lome miAreft fine, ^ 

When miilreiTes from common fenfe are bids 
Or> having fworn toohard-a-keepingoath. 
Study to break it» and not break my trotb. 
If ftudy's gcin be thas, and this btb. 
Study knows that, which yet it doth not koowi 
£wear me to this, and I will ne'er fay, no. 

ICifig. Thefe be the flops that hinder ftady quite;^ 
And train our intelle&s to vain delight. 

Bir. Why, all delights are vain ; but that moft YWt 
Which, with pain purchas*d, doth inherit pain : 
As, painfully to pore upon a book. 

To feck the light of tnuh ; while truth the while 
Doth falfly blind the eye-fight of his looker 

Light, feeking light, doth light of light begnile: 
So, ere you find where light in darknefs lies. 
Your light grows dark by lofing of your eyes^ 
5tudy me how to pleafe the eye indeed. 

By fixing it upon a fairer eye ; 
Who dazzling fo, that eye fliall be his heed. 

And give ium light that was it blinded by^. 

5 fn>eii J to fcaft exprtfiy am forbid j] The old copy hit— «o/f/f. This 
fiecdTary emendation was made by Mr. Theobal4« MAioina* 

* ■ nobUt trutb tbe nobUi 

Dotb falfly blind ice] Falfly it here, and Jn many other placet^ 

the (ame as iiftomfih or trtachiroufly. The whole (tnft of this gingUng 

declamation is only this, that a tHan ty too tlofe fludy wiay nad blmfSf bliwd^ 

which might have been told with lefs obfcuri^ in rawer words. Job li sok* 

7 Wbo dazxlingfof tbat eyefl^aU be bit heed, 
And ijivebim ligbt tbat was it blinded by,} This is another paiTagt 
mnneceflanly obfcure : the meanbg is, that when he daaualei, that is, 
!|us his eye made weak, byflxing bit eye upw a fairer eye, tbat fairer tfy# 
Jball be bit beed, his diredion or kde-ftart (See Midfummer Night*s 
jE^feam,) and give bim ligbt tbat wat blinded by it. Jo h n s OM • 

The M copies laad— ir w«i. Concded by Mr. Steereaa. Ma i. o n s* 

X 4 Study 

Study is like the heaven's glorious fun» 

TLat will not be deep fearch'd with fancy looks ; 
Small have continual plodders ever won. 

Save bafe authority rrom others' books. 
Thcfe earthly godfathers of leaven's lights. 

That give a name to every fixed ftar. 
Have no more profit of their fhining nights. 

Than thofe vht walk and wot not what they are. 
Too much to know, is, to know nought but fame; 
And every godfather can give a name'. 

King. How well he's read, to reafon againft reading! 

Dum. Proceeded well, to ftop all good proceeding M 

Long. He weeds the corn, and dill lets grow the)veeding. 

Bit. The fpring is near, when green geefe are a 

Dum. How follows that ? 

Mir. Fit in his place and time. 

Pum. In reafon nothing. 

Bir. Something then in rhime. 

JT/^. Biron is like an envious fneaping froft ', 
That bites the firft-born infants of the fpring. 

Bir. Well, fay I am ; why (hould proud iummer boat. 
Before the birds have any caufetofing? 
Why Ihould I joy in an abortive birth ? 
At Chriftmas I no more defire a rofe. 
Than wifh a fnow in May's new-fangled ihows • ; 
But like of each thing, that in feafon grows. 

' Too much to \nov>9 » to know nought but fame ; 

And tv try godfather can give a name,"] The conference, frft BVony 
•f too much knowledge, is not any real lolution of doubts, but mere 
empty refutation. That is, too much kncwied^e gives »nlj fame, S 
name, which every godfather can give rikewtfe, Joh nson. 

* Proceeded weU, to flop all good proceeding /] To proceed is an academi- 
cal term, meaning, to take a degree -, as he proceeded Bachelor in fhjjlck* 
The fenfe is, be hat taken hit degrees on the art of hindering the degrees of 
9.bers. Johnson. 

' —. Ineaping/rtf/,] So fneaping winds in the Winter^ Tale. To 
fneap is to check, to rebuke. Stievens. 

» — May^t ne%v-f angled fliows j] Mr. Theobald reads — new-fangled 
earth, in order to rhyme with the laft line but one. I rather fufped a 
line to have been loft after «« an abortive birth."— For an in that tins 
tiMS ol(| copies have any. Corrc^ed by Mr. Pope. Maloni* 



, to ftady now it is too late, 
o^er the houfe to unlock the little gate'*' 
r. Well> fit you out * : go home, Biron ; adieu ! 

N09 my good lord ; I have fworn to ftay with yon : 
though I have for barbarifm fpoke more, 
m for that angel knowledge you can fay, 
nfident I'll keep what I have fwore, 
L bide the penance of each three years' day. 
ne the paper, let me read the fame ; 
>the ftrid'ft decrees I'll write my name. 
^. How well this yielding refcues thee from fhame ! 
» [risuij,'\ Item, That no womam ftfoll €omg nukbin 
of my court ; — ^Hath this been proclaimed ? 
g. Four days ago. 

. Let's fee the penalty, [reads.'] — on fain oflofing 
fgui. Who devifed this penalty ? 
g. Marry, that did I. 
. Sweet lord, and why ? 

g. To fright them hence with that dread penalty. 
. A dangerous law againft gentility ^ !**[r^iu^/.] 

If any man be f ten to talk tjuitb a *woman wtbin tot 
f ibrei years, be Jball endure fucb publick fiame as tbe 
tbe court can poffihly de*ui/e.'-^ 
article, my liege, yourfelf mufl break ; 
', well you know, here comes in embaify 
'rench king's daughter, with yourfelf to fpeak^— - • 
naid of grace, and c6mplete maj efty,*- 
t furren(kr> up of Aquitain 
her decrepit, fick, and bed-rid Ather : 
sfore this article is made in vain, 
vainly comes the admired princefs hither. 

mh •*«r tbe bovfi &€."] This it the reading of the quarto, 15909 
ich preferable to that of the folio- 
bat were to climb o>r the houfe to unlock the gate. Malow C* 
• fiCjroK outt'\ This may mean, bold you outt (ontinui refr^atrj* 
ufped, we (hould read— ^/irr you out, Maloni* 
dm»gerous iaw againfi gentility!] This and the four following 
which in the old copy are given to Longaville, were properly at« 
dto Biron by Mr. Theobald. Malone. 

ri/ffjf, here, does not Signify that rank of people called, gentry I 
lat the French exprefs by, genttUjfe^ 1. e. eUgiUitiaf mrtanitas* 
ht meaning it this : Such a Uw tor banifhing women from th« 
is dangerottSi or injuriousi 10 flitenejtf urbsMtty, and tbe more 


King. What fay 7oa« lordif wk]r»tU»WMqiUefa|il 

Sir. Softiidyev«miofeifOv«rflioC| 
While it dotk ftody to have what it fpooll* 
Xt doth fbr^ to do the thiaff it ihonld i 
And when it hath the thing u hiuteth meft» 
'Tis won> at towni with mi ib woii« lb loft. 

Kifig. We mail, offeree, difpenie with tUa4eCM| 
She mot )ie here > <m mere Moeflitjr. 

Btr. Ncceffity will make m all ro r fw om 

Three thoufand timet withb thit three fem*i^i0es 
For every man with hb afedi b boni t 

Not by might mailer'd, bet bv ijpeeiel gnee^i 
If I break faith, thii word AiallYpMk ftr se, 
I am fbrfwom on mere neccffity.— « 
So to the laws at larce I write mv name i l/UJUlm 

And he, that brew th^ in the kstft degree^ 
Stands in attainder of eternal fliame : 

Suggeftions ^ are to others, as*to me | 
Bat, I believe, aldiottgh I faem fe loth* 
I am the laft that will laft keep his oath. 
Bot is there no quick recreation * granted I 

Kinf. Ay, that there is: oarcoort, yon knenVf 

With a reined travriler of Spain ; 
A man in all the world's new Mhion planted^ 

That hath a mint of phrafes in hb bmia : 
One, whom the malick of hb own vain tm 

Dothraviih, likeenchantiag harmony; 
A man of complements, whom right and \ 

Have choie as umpire of their mntiny * : 

ttfined pleafuret of life. For awn withovt WOMMn ^ 

and ravage, in their natures and behaviour* TaaenAxTn. 

5 Shi mufl lie btre^ To iis in <M ^"pwft tt to 

* NotSy might ma/er% hut hjjfttid fmmt'^ 

extravagancies, fpeaka with fient joftoeiii ifaiei tbi Mf if vsab 
They are made without Sufficient nptA » tht vsriMioM ef lifib nd 
are therefore broken by fome anforomo aocofihr* Thtf 
gnooly from t prefumptaoos eoa&dence, Mni a tittt " 
^wer. JoHVSoN. 

7 Suggtjlions^^] Temptadoaa. Joaiffioir* 

• — ynifi reeruuion-mJ^ Lively (p«r^ ffritely 

9 A msH 9f comfiemimti, w^»m right mnd wm^ 
IJtve cktjt Ji uw^irt ofth^r mmtuy ,*J This 


hii child of fancy ', that Armado hight*. 
For Ultcrim tooor ftudics, (hall relate^ 
high-born words, the worth of manv a knight 
From tawny Spain, loft in the world's debate'* 
ow von delight, my lords, I know not^ I ; 
It, 1 pioteft, I love to hear him lie, 
ad I will ufe him for my minftrelfy . 
Bir, Armado is a moft illuftrious wight, 
man of £re-new words, fa(hion's own knight. 
Long, Coftard the Twain, and he, fhall be oar (port | 
i4, ib to (lady, three years is bat ftiort. 

MiS BO BMC than that Don Armado wu a man nicely verfed Sa ce« 
lonial diftindionsy one who could didinguiih in the moft delicate 
:fliona of honour the exad boundaries of right and wrcfUg. Cvm^/r- 
ie, in Shakfpcare*s time, did notfignify, at ieaftdld not only figniff 
bal civility, or phrafes of courtefy, but according to its original 
anlng, the trappings, or ornamental appendages of a charafter, in 
£uDe manner, and on the fame principles of fptech with aeetrnphfi" 
t. Complement is, as Armado well exprefl*et it, tb* varmjh ofmctm- 
emsm, Johnson. 

\Of in the to R. Braithwaite** EngHjb Ontfewtmrnn t 
-what ornaments do bed adorn her, and what compUmiMtt do ht£k 
on^Bih her.** Again, in •Sir Giles Goofcap, x6o6 : «—i«dorQed with 
aaufiUft €»mpl§mentt belonging to everlading noblenefs.** 


TYu% ebild of fancy y] ThUfantaftick, The expreflion, in anothor 
fip, has been adopted by Milton in his V Allegro: 

•* Orfweeteft Shakfpeare, Fancyt ebUd^J** Malowb* 
' »— thmt ArmeU* hight,1 Who is c aJle J ArmMdo* Ma torn. 

Frmm Utwny Spain, lojt in tbe mtorld'i debate,'] i» e. he 0iall idali 
» tbe celebrated itories recorded in the old romances, and in their 
f ftle. Why he fays/rvm tawny Spain is, becaufe thefe romances, 
if of Sfeniih original, the heroes and the fcene were generally of 
t coun^. Why he fays, lofl in tbe world's debate, is, becauie the 
jeftofthoie romances were the crufades of the European chrifiians 
iaft Cbe Saracens of Afia and Africa. WARKvaroN. 

have filtered this note to hold its place,* thongh Mr. Tyrwhitt hat 
en that h is wholly unfounded, becaufe Dr. Warburton refers to it 
iia4iflfertationattheend of this play. Malone. 
- imSe werUTt debate,] The world feems to be ufed in a monaftick 
'e by the king, now devoted for a time to a monaftick Ufe. In tba 
Uj imJecuU, in thebuftle of human affairs, from which we are now 
pily feqaeftred, in tbe world, to which the votaries of folitode have 
cla^on* JoMMSOir. 



Enter DuLL> nuitb a letter, and Costard. 

Dull. Which is the duke's own pcrfon* ? 

Bir. This, fellow; Whatwould'ft? 

DulL I myfelf reprehend his own perfon, for lamlus 

trace's tharborough' : but I would lee his own periimia 
efli and blood. 

Bir. This is he. 

Dull. Signior Anne— Arme — commends yoa. Therc'i 
villainy abroad ; this letter will tell you more. 

Coft. Sir, the contempts thereof are as touching me^ 

King. A letter from the magnificent Armado. 

Bir. How low foever the matter, I hope in God br 
high words. 

Long. A high hope for a low having ^ : God grant oi 
patience ! 

Bir. To hear ? or forbear hearing ' ? 

LonF. To hear meekly, iir, and to laugh moderately ; 
or to forbear both. 

Bir. Well, iir, be it as the Hile (hail give us canfe t» 
climb in the merrinefs. 

Cofi. The matter is to me, fir, as concerning Jaque- 
netta. The manner of it is, I was taken with the 


4 ^^tbedukts o*a)n perfon /] Theobald withoQt any neeeffity rods 
waking t own perfon. The princefs in the next ad caUs the kiiif— -^ tfcii 
▼irtuous duke ;'* a word which, in our author's time, feemt to have beeft 
xifed with great laxity. And indeed, though thii were not the cafe, fvchi 
fellow as Coftard may well be fuppofed ignorant of his true title* Maloiii* 

5 — tbarbtrougb :"] i. e. Tbirdhorougby a peace officer, alike in an* 
thority wich a headborough or a conftable. Si a J. HAWKiwa. 

6 Jt bigb bopefor a low having ;] The old copies read— «^#v<ir* Thi 
emendation was made by Mr. Theobald, and has been adopted by all 
the fubfequent editors. Having is acqutfimn. See Vol. 1. p. 153* 
B. 5* Malone. 

Heaven^ however, may be the true reading, in allufion to the graa 
dations of happinefs promifed by Mohammed to his followers^ So,ia 
the comedy of 0/d Fortunatus, 1600 : 

« Oh, how my foul is rapt to a tbird beaven r Stes vsNt, 

f T» bear f 9r forbear hearing ?] One of the modem editors, plw* 
fibly enough, reads,— To hear ? or forbear laughing r* M ALOKt. 

S — taken wich the manner.] A foreniicJc term. A thief is (aid t* 


Sii'. Ib manner? 

Coft. In manner and form following, fir ; all thofe 
bree : I was feen with her in the manor houfe, fitting 
dtli her n^n the form, and taken following her into the 
tark ; which put together, is, in manner and form fbl- 
swing. Now, fir, for the manner, — it is the manner of 
. man to fpeak to a woman : for the fbrm,«— in fome form** 

3ir. For the following, fir ? 

Cofi. As it fiiall follow in my corredion ; And God 
Icfend the ri^ht ! 

KiMg. Will you hear this lettef with attention? 

Mir. As we would hear an oracle. 

Cofi. Such is the fimplicity of man to hearken after 

King, [reads.] Great deputy ^ the nvelkin*: nfice-genrnt, 
mJ/^dSminator of Navarre » my/ouPsiartb^sGod, and 
\9dy*s foftering patron,'^ 

C9ft» Not a word of Coflard yet. 

King. So it is, — 

Co/t. It may be fo : but if he fay it is fo« he is, in tel^ 
ling troe, but fo, fo'. 

King. Peaces 

Ctf^.— be to me, and every man that dares not fight ! 

King. No words. 

C^.— of other men's fecrets, I befeech you. 

King, So it is ybejiegedivitb fahle-colour* d melancholy i I did 
wnamnd the black opprejjing humour to the moft luhole/omt 
fbyfick efthy health-gi<vtng air ; and, as I am a gentleman, 
h€t90Afty/elfto<walk. The time, ivhen? About the Jixtb 
hmri nuhen heafts moft graze, birds beft peck, and men Jit 
iamm to that nourifljment <which is called Jupper, So much 
fir thi time ivben : Nonvjor the ground nvhich ; *wh/ch, I 
mtmn, I nvalk^d upon : it is ycleped, thy park. Then 
fir tbi place ivhere ; *where, I mean, I did encounter that 

Wtdcen with the manner, i. e. mainour or mancur, (for fo it is written 
U our old law-books,) when? he is apprehended with the thing ftolen in 
Ui^elleffion. The thing that he has talcen was called mainour, from 
the Fr. wtanier, manu tradare. M a l o n i • 
9 — hut/6, foy] The fecond fo was added by Sir T. Hamner, and 
1 bj the fubie^uent editors. M a l o n i • 



^bfcem and moft prepofierous emtntj that draiwetb from mf 
. /nonAZ-avhite pen thg ebon-colour* d ink, *wbicb here tbou *wn^ 
eftf beholdefty fur^ueyefi, or feeft : But to tbi place, mrbert, 
^-'It ftandetb north-north-eafi and by eajt from tho ovt/f r«r* 
ner of thy curious -knotted garden : There did Ifeg that Aw- 
Jpiritedjhuain, that bafe minnow of thy mirth ", 

Coft. Me. 

King.^that unlettered fmall-knowimg foul, 

Coft. Me. 

King. '^ that Jballovj 'vajfal, 

Coft. Still me. 

King.^-^whicb, as J remember, bight Coftard, 

Coft. Ome! 

King. ^^for ted and conforted , contrary to thy eftahtiftkipn- 
ilaimedediS and continent canon, ivith — ^ith^-^^vntk 
t^^but with this 1 paftion to fay wherewith. 

Coft. With a wench. 

King.'^'with a child of our grandmother Eve, afemdi\ 
9^9 fir thy more fweet underftanding, a tvomamm Him I 
(as my ever-efteemed duty pricks me on) ha^ve font to tkt^ 
to receive the meedofpuniftment, by thyjwiet Grac$*s ojfltr, 
Anthony Dull; a man of good repute, carriage, learifgt 
4snd eftimation. 

Dull. Me« an't fhall pleafe you ; I am Anthony DolL 

King. For Jaquenetta, (fo is the weaker vejfel caUti^ 
which I apprehended ivith the aforefaid fwain,) I keep her 
as a vejfel of thy law* s fury ; and ftall, at the haft ofthj 
fweet notice, bring her to trial. Thine, in all cotaplimextt 
of devoted and heart "burning heat of duty, 

Don Adiiano de Ajrnudo. 

< — hsfi minnow tftby m\rth,'\ The bafe mtnurn'of thy mlrtfai If 
the contemptibly littJe objeil that contributet to diy entertaiiUMib 
Shakfpeare makes Coriolanut chara^rUe the tribonitiaa inibknctttf 
SiciniuS) under the fame figure : 
" — — hear you not 
" This Triton of the minnows f" 
Again, in Have wit b you to Saffron Walien &c. 7596 1 « Lctbk* 
denie that there was another ihewe made of the little minnvm, hit bio» 
lher**« &c. STtxvKNt. 

» — with— wiVA— ] The old copy n,\^\nx9hUh fHtb* Tht «•• 
n^Uoaii Mr, Theobald*!. Maloks. 



Bir, ThiB is not fo well as I looked for, bat the beft 
It ercr I heard. 

Ki^g. Ay» the befi &r the wor^ But, firrah^ what 
yon to this ? 

C0M* Sir, I confefs the wench. 
Ktmg. EKd 70a hear the proclamation ? 
Csfi. I do confefs much of the hearing it, but little of 
; mirldngofit'. 

Ktrnf* Jt was proclaimed a year's imprUbnment to be 
cen with a wench. 
C0fi. I was taken with none, fir; I was taken with a 


Kimf. Well, itwasproclalm'ddamofel. 

C^. Tkiswas no damofel neither, fir; ihe was a 

King* It is fo varied too ; for it was proclalmM, virgin. 
C9ji. If it were, I deny her virginity ; I was taken with 

g. This maid will not ferve your turn, fir. 
This maid will ferve my turn, fir. 
. Sir, I will pronounce your fentence ; Yoa flttll 
ft a week with bran and water. 
C^Jt. I had rather pray a month with mutton and 

Kimg. And Don Armado (hall be your keeper .*« 
J lord Biron, fee him delivered o'er.— 
Biljrai we, lords, to put in pradice that 
Which each to other hath fo ilrongly fwom. 

i£jrf«ii/ King, Lonoaville, aWDumaiit. 
ay my head to any good man's hat, 
Thefe oaths and laws will prove an idle fcom.— > 
imhj come on. 

C^. I fufier for the truth, fir : for true it is, I was 
ken with Jaquenetta, and Jaquenetta is a true girl ; 
id therefore, welcome the four cup of profperity ! Af- 
Iffion may one day iinile again, and tiu then. Sit thee 
Q«im, ibrrow! ^ [Exeunt. 

S /if €9mfeft wmehoftbe bearing ii, hut VittU •fth* marking ofit.J 

9 fai/^^f uk K. Henry IV. P. II : **^it is the difeafe of not Uflen. 

It IM aaUdy of not mgrkingp that I am troubled withal.** S t 1 1 t. 




Jinotbir part of the fame. A Room in Annado's Hiu/im 

Enter Arm a do and Moth. 

^ Arm. Boy, what fign is it, when a man of great fpiric 
grows melancholy r 

Moth. A great fign, fir, that he will look fad. 

Arm. Why, fadnefs is one and the felf-fame thing, 
dear imp ^. 

Motif, No, no; O lord, fir, no. 

Arm. How can'ft thou part fadnefs and melanckolxv 
my tender juvenal ' ? 

MotJlf. By a familiar demonllration of the woildng, fflj 
tough fenior ? 

Arm* Why tough fenior? why tough fenior ? 

Motif. Why tender juvenal ? why tender juveiial? 

Arm. Ifpokeit, tender juvenal, as a congruent qu- 
theton, appertaining to thy young days, whidi wc auy 
nominate tender. 

Motb. And I, tough fenior, as an appertinent title t9 
your old time*, which we may name toughs 

Arm. Pretty, and apt. 

Motb. How mean you, fir ? I pretty, and my faying 
apt ? or I apt, and my faying pretty ? 

Arm. Thou pretty, becaufe little. 

4 ^^ dear imp.l Imp was anciently a term of dignity. Lord ClOB- 
well in his laft letter to Henry VIJI. prays for the imp hUJon. It is 
now ufed only in contempt or abhorrence ; perhaps in our aothoitf'i 
time it was ambiguous, in which ftate it fuiis well with this diaiogoe* 


Pirtol falutes king Henry V. by the fame title. Stkktkms. 

* — jwy tender j uvenal ? ] Juvenal is youtb, Stiivsms. 

^ <— tomgb fenior, at an appertinent title to your old fiau,] Here and 
10 two fpeeches above the old copies have Jtgnior, which appear* to hi<« 
been the old fpelling of fenior. So, in the laft fceneof tke Comedy of if 
Ttrt ; edit. 1623 : << We will draw cuts forthtjignior ; till then, leadthoo 
firft.** In that play the fpelling has been corre&ed properly by the mo- 
dern editors, who yet, I know not why, have retained the old fpelliof 
the paflage before us. Malonc. 

7 -~ tottgb.1 Old and tough y young and tender^ is one of the fio* 
TerbiaJ phrafes colledcd by Ray. Stezvxms. 



Moth. Little pretty, becaufc little : Wherefore apt? 
Arm. And therefore apt, becaufe quick. 
Moth* Speak you this m my praift, maJler ? 
Arm. In thy condign praife. 
Moth. I will praife an eel with the fame praife. 
Arm. What ? that an eel is ingenious ? 
Maih. That an eel is quick. 

Arm, I do fay, thou art quick in anfwers : Thoa heat*ft 
Y blood. 

Mofh. I am anfwer'd, ilr. 
Arm. I love not to be crofs'd. 

Moth. He fpeaks the mere contrary, crofles love 
t him*. [ajii/e. 

Arm. I have promifed to ftudy three years with the 

Moth. You may do it in an hour, fir. 
Arm. Impoflible. 

Moth, How many is one thrice told ? 
Arm. I am ill at reckoning, it fitteth the fpirit of a 

M$th. Yod area gentleman and agamefler, fir. 
Arm. I confefs both ; they are both the varnifh of s 
nplete man. 

Moth. Then, lam fure, you know how much thegrofs 
Q of deuce-ace amounts to. 
Arm. It doth amount to one more than two. 
Moth. Which the bafe vulgar do call, three. 
Arm. True, 

Moth. Why, fir, is this fuch a piece of fhidy ? Now 
re is three ftudicd, ere you'll thrice wink : and how 
fy it is to put years to the word three, and fludy three 
ars in two words, the dancing horfe will tell you '. 

^ ^-croiles love mot bim.1 By croffes he means money* So, In As 
I Rke it, the Clown fays to Celia, <• if I (hould bear you, / Jbould 
•rwcrofs." Johnson. 

9 "— and bow ta/y it it to put 'fears to the word three f anifludf 
mwgrsiit two words, the dancing horfe wr// teilyouJ] Bankes*s ^«r/(, 
likh play*d many remarkable pranks. Sir Kenelm Digby {A Treatifr 
^Bodies, ch. xxxviii. p. 393.) obferves, « That his horfe would re- 
OR agioTe to the due owner, afur the mafter had whifpered the man*j 
Vol. IK V name 


Arm. A moft fine figure ! 

Motb. To prove you a cypher. ^ l^i/^ 

Arm. I will hereupon confefs, I am in lore : ana, » it 
is bafe for a foldier to love, io am I in love with a bafc 
wench. If drawing my (word againft the hamoar of 
afFedion would deliver me from the reprobate thou^t 
of it, I would take defire prifoner ; ana raafom him to 
any French courtier for a new devifed coart'fy.. I dunk 
fcorn to figh ; methinks, I ihould out-fwear Cupid. Com- 
fort me, boy ; What great men have been- in love ? 

M9th. Hercules, mailer. 

Arm, Moft fwect Hercules !— More authority, dear 
boy, name more ; and, fweet my child, letthembeiaen 
of good repute and carriage. 

Moth. Sampfon, nsafter : he was a man ofgoodctr- 
I'^^gc, great carriage ; for he carried the town-gates oo 
his back, like a porter : and he was in love. 

Arm. O well-knit Sampfon \ fbong-jointed San^fea! 
I do excell thee in my rapier, as much as duxididft MM 

same in hit ear ; would tell the juft number of pence la ut§ fiMl <f 
fiiver coin» newljr ihewed him by his mafter \ and ewn abqf HiMf 
his command, in difcharging himfelf of hit cxcrementtf tmaHINrbl 
had bade him.** G a £ t. 

See aUb CbreftohroSf or Seven Booket of Epigrtmei, wdtMl by T* 
B. [Thomas Baftard] 1598, lib. III. cp. 17 : 
«< Of Banku* Horfe. 
<< Banket hath a horfe of wondrous qualide, 
** For he can fight, and piHe, and daunce, aad lic^ 
^ And finde your purfe, and tell what coyne ye haft t 
** But Banket, who taught your horfe to fmel t knife ?** 
Among other exploits of this celebrated beaft, itttCiid thatfctVMt 
up to the top of St. Paul/s. 

Among the entries at Stationers* -Hall it thefoUoving: Nef«Mt 
'595» " ^ Ballad Shewing the flraoge qualities of a young naggcaM 
Moroeco.''* St 11 YENS. f 

In 1595 was publiflied a pamphlet entitled Mttfceut txtgiisat^ » I 
Banket" bay borfe in a trance, A d'lfcourfefet dewne in s marry Sakpt I 
between Banket and bit beafl : anatomixtng feme abufet amd bad fridw " 
cftbe age, 4to. Ben Jonion hints at the unfortunate cataftrophe of 
both man and horfe, which, I find, happened at Rome, where to tbt 
difgrace of the age, of the country, and of humanity, they were botat 
by order of the pope, for magicians. See Don Zara del Pofo, taao. 
t6io, p. 114. Razo. I 



iarrying gates. I am in love too. — ^Who was Sampfon'f 
ove, my dear Moth ? 

M^tb. A woman, mailer. 

jfrm. Of what complexion ? 

Mfyth. Of all the four, or the three, or the two ; or one 
df th&fbnr, 

jfrm. Tell me prccifely, of what complexion f 

MBik. Ofthefea-watcr green, fir. 

jirm. Is that one of the four complexions? 

Moth. As I have read, fir ; and the beft of them too. 

jirm. Green, indeed, is the colour of lovers ' : but to 


Underneath is a reprefentation of Banket and his hoife> copied ftooi 
the pampbkt above mentioned. 

Ik M. \A 



S Green iWWii th$ fphMrofloven :] I do not know whedMr out 
y J -^- 


have a love of that colour^ methinks, Sampfon had 
fmall reafon for it. He, furely, afFcacd her for her wit. 
Moth. It was fo, fir; for fhe had a green wit. 
Jrm, My love is moil immaculate white and red. 
Moth. Moft maculate thoughts^, mafter, are miik'd 
under fuch colours. 

Jrm. Define, define, well-educated infant. 
Moth. My father's wit, and my mother's tongue af- 
fift me ! 

Arm, Sweet invocation of a child ; mod pretty, and 
pathetical ! 

Moth. If Ihe be made of white and red. 
Her faults will ne'er be known ; 
For blulhing ' cheeks by faults are bred. 

And fears by pale -white (hown : 
Then, if (he fear, or be to blame. 

By this you Ihall not know ; 
For ftillher cheeks poffefs the fame. 
Which native ihe doth owe. 
A dangerous rhime, mailer, againil the reafon of wUte 
and red. 

Jrm, Is there not a ballad, boy, of the King and the 
Beggar ♦? 

Moth, The world was very guilty of fuch a ballad fomc 
three ages fmce : but, I think, now 'tis not to be fbojid; 
or, if it were, it would neither ferve for the writing, nor 
the tune. 

Jrm, I will have that fubjedl newly writ o*er, that I 

author alludes to " the t^rt green eye," which in his time fecms tohaie 
been thought a beauty, or to that frequent attendant on love, jealoofy, 
to which in The Mercbmnt of l^enlce, and in Othello^ he hat applied tfc 
epithet ^rr*«-ey'd. M alone. 

» Mofl maculate tbcttgbts, — ] So the firft quarto, 1 598. The folio 
has immaculate. To avoid fuch notes for the future, it may be proper 
to apprise the reader, that where the reading of the text does not cor- 
refpond with the folio, without any reafon being afligned for the** 
iriation, it is always warranted by the authority of the firft quarto. 


? For blufliing — ] The original copy hsa^h/ujb tm. The emrt- 
dation was made by the editor of the fccond folio. Malone. 

. 4 — f^r King and the Beggar f] See Dr. Percy's CfiUaitn of ^ 
BgHads, la three vols. Stkivims. 



ly example my digreffion ' by fomc mighty precedent. 
"ty, I do love that country eirl, that I took in the park 
ith the rational hind Coftard • ; (he deferves well. 
Moth. To be whipp'd; and yet a better love than my 
afier, [aJUe. 

Arm. Sing, boy; my fpirit grows heavy in love. 
Moth. And that's great marvel, loving a light wench. 
Jrm. I fay, fing. 
Moth. Forbear, till this company be paft. 

iE»//rDuLL, Costard, ««</ jAquENETTA. 
!)tf//. Sir, the duke's pleafure is, that ^on keep Coftard 
fe : and you mufl let nim take no delight, nor no pe- 
mce ; bat a' mufl fafl three days a-week : For this dam- 
l, I rand keep her at the park ; fbe is allowed for the 
ly-weman. Fare you w/elL 
jfrm. I dobetray myfelf with blulhing.— Maid. 
Jaq, Man. 

Jrm. I will vifit thee at the lodge. 
Jaq. That's hereby. 
Jrm. I know where it is fituate. 
yaf. Lord, how wife you arc ! 
Jrm. I will tell thee wonders. 
Jof. With that face? 
Jrm» I love thee. 
^tff . So I heard you fay. 

S ^^mj digreflion] Digreffion on this occafion fignifiet the t£t of 

iog out of the right way. So, in Romeo Mud Juikt ; 
** Thy noble Ihape is but a form of wax, 
** Digr effing from the valour of a man.** Stkbvkni* 

Agaui, In our author's Rape of Lucrece : 

** — ^— my digreffion is (o vile, fo bafe, 

•* That it will live engraven in my face.** Malomi. 

^ '^^tb* rational bind Cofiard\'\ The reafoning hnite, tht animdiwhh 

m Aart of reajon. Stexvxns. 

I have aJwayf read irrational bind : if bind be taken initt^^Wfenfey 

rmado makes Coftard z female. F a r m z r . 

Shakfpeare ufes it in its beftial fenfe in Julius Cafoff A€t I. (c. ill. 

lias of the mafculine gender : 

** He were no lioUi were not Romans binds.** 

igain, in J^. Henry IV. p. i. Ic. iii .* «— you are a ihallow cowardly 

ini, and you lye.** Stzktxks. 

y 3 Jrm. 


Arm. And fo ^-ewell. 

Jaq* Pair weather after you! 

DulL Come, Jaauenetu, away^* 

\Ex€unt Dull and Ja^bnbtta. 
. Jhtn. Villain, thoa (halt faft for thy offences^ eie thoi 
\t pardoned. 

.ttlt. Well, fir, I hope, when I doit, Ifhall doitont 
fiill fbmach. 

Arm. Thou fhalt be heavily punifhed. 

Coft. I am more bound to you, than your fellowi, ibr 
they are but lightly rewarded. 

Arm. Take away this villain ; fhut him up. 

Hotb. Come, you tranfgreffing flave ; away. 

Cofi, Let me not be pent up, fir; I will faft, bein| 

Moth. No, fir ; that were faft and loofe : thoo (halt to 

- Coft. Well, ifeverldofeethemerrydaysofdefdation 
t£at I have fecn, fome fhallfee-^ 

Moth. What (hall fome fee ? 

Coft. Nay, nothing, mafter Moth, but what they look 
npon. It is not for prifoners to be too filent in their 
words ; and, therefore, I will fay nothing : I thank God, 
I have as little patience as another man ; and, therefae 
I can be quiet. \Exeunt Moth «»/ Costard. 

Arm, I do afFedl ^ the very ground, which is hafe, where 
her fhoe, which is bafer, guided by her foot, which is 
bafeft, doth tread. I (hall be forfwom, (wluch is a greit 
argument of falfhood,) if I love : And how can that be tnie 
love, which is falfiy attempted? Love is a familiar ; love 
is a devil : there is no evil angel but love. Yet Samp- 
ion was fo tempted ; and he had an excellent ftrengtn; 
yet was Solomon fo feduced ; and he had a very eood wit. 
Cupid's but-(haft is too hard for Hercules' dab, and 
d^erefbre too much odds for a Spaniard's rapier. The 

7 Comty fifr.] To this line in the firft qaarto, and the firft foliOiC^ 
by an error of tne prefs is prefixed) inftead of Con. i. e. Conftable or 
Dull. Mr. Theobald made the neccffary corre^ioA* Malovx* 

» .1* 4^ir^^-.] i, c. love Stssvxns. 



firl and fecond canfe'^wxll not ferre my turn^ ; tht paf* 
lado he rdpe&s not, the duello he regards not ; hit diT* 
pace is to be call'd boy ; but his gloij is, to fubdiw men. 
Adieo^ valour ! mil, rapier ! be ftill drum ! for your 
snaaagef is in love; yea, he loveth. Aifift me ibme ex* 
temporal god of rhime, for, I am fure, I ihall torn 
fonneteer*. Devifewit; write pen ; for I am for whole 
volumes in folio. [£xiK 

A C T II. S C E N E L 

Jm^thifftri rf the famiM A PaviUn and TiMti mi m 

EMiirtbePriHCi/sofBfzrkCt, Rosaline, Maria, Ca- 
tharine, BoYBT, L9rds f and otbtr Jttendants* 

Btfjf* Now, madara, fammon m your dearefi fpirlts : 
Confider who the king vour father lends ; 
To whom he fends $ ana what's his embaiTy : 
Yoorfelf, held precious in the world's efieem; 
To parly with the ible inheritor 
Of aU perfedions that a man may owe, 
Matchlefs Navarre ; the plea of no lefs weight 
Than Aquitain, a dowrv for a queen. 
Be now as prodigal of all dear grace« ' 

Aa nature was in making graces dear. 
When fhe did ftarve the general world befide, 
jAiid prodigally gave them all to you. 
' PrsM. CkxkI lord Boyet, my beauty, though but mean. 
Needs not the painted flourim of your pndie 1 
Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye, 
Notvtter'^d by bafefale pf chapmen's tongues^ p 


^ Tbe frp anipcondemifi VfUf act ftrw my ttrm j] Set the laft aA 
of A yon likt ity with the notes,. Johnson* 

a — /«iMr«ff«r.] The old copies tttAonXj'^oaniU STXIviNf. 
TheemendationisSirT. Hanmer^s. Malonx. 
* Beanty is hught by tbijaJgrnent e/tbe tygf 

Not uttered by hMjtJalt tf^chapmen^t fonficci.] S»j in OUT «Bthoi*t 
aosd Sonnets 

Y ^ ' *• That 


i am Icfs proud to hear you tell my worth. 
Than you much willing to be counted wife 
Li fpending your wit in the praife of mine. 
But now to talk the tafkcr, — Good Boyet, 
You are not ignorant, all-telling feme 
Doth noife abroad, Navarre hath made a vow. 
Till painful ftudy (hall out-wear three years* 
No woman may approach his iilent court : 
Therefore to us feemeth it a needful courfe^ 
Before we enter his forbidden gates. 
To know his pleafure ; and in that^half. 
Bold of your worthinefs we fingle yoil 
As our bed-moving fair folicitor : 
Tell him, the daughter of the king of France, 
On ferious bufinefs, craving quick difpatch, 
Imp6rtunes perfonal conference with his erace. 
Hafle, fignify fo much ; while we attend. 
Like humble-vifag'd fuitors, his high will. 

Boy. Proud of employment, willingly I go. [Af//. 

Prin, All pride is willing pride, and yours is (b.-^ 
Who are the votaries, my loving lords, . 
That are vow-fellows with this virtuous duke ? 

I. Lord, Longaville is one. 

Prin* Know you the man ? 

Mar, I know him, madam ; at a marriage feaft. 
Between lord Pericort and the beauteous heir 
Of Jaques Faulconbridge folemnized. 
In Normandy faw I this Longaville : 
A man of fovereign parts he is efteem'd' ; 


«' Thatlore IS merchandized, whofe rich efteemiflg 
*.« The owncr'i tongue doth publifli every where." Maloki* 
Cbapmrnn here feems to fignify the feller, not, as now conamonlyy tfat 
hi/jer, Cbtap dr cbeaping was anciently the market ; cbapmmm dieiefoce 
is marketman. The meaning is, that tbeeftimation of beauty depends Mim 
thi VLXttungox proclamation of the feller, but on the eye of the buyer, Jo%VU 
3 jiman of foveretgn parts be ts ifleenCd^'] Thus the folio. The firft 
quarto, 1590, has the line thus: 

A man of rovcrcign peertljft he is efteem*d« 
I believe, the author wrote 

" A man of,— fovereign, peerlefi, he's efteemM. 
A mao ot extriordifiary £tC9mpHJbmiuti^ the fpeaker perhaps would 



Well fitted in the arts ♦, glorious in arms : 

Nothing becomes him ill> that he would well. 

The only foil of his fair virtue's glofs, 

(If virtue's glofs will flain with any foil,) 

Is a (harp wit match'd with ^ too blunt a will ; 

Whofe edge hath power to cut, whofe will ftill wills 

It ihould none fpare that come within his power. 

Prin, Some merry mocking lord, belike ; is't fb ? 

Mar, They fay fo moft, that mofl his humours know* 

Prin, Such ihort-liv'd wits do wither as they grow. 
Who arc the reft? 

Catb, The young Dumain, a well-accompliih'd youth* 
Of all that virtue love for virtue lov'd : 
Moft power to do moft harm, leaft knowing ill ; 
For he hath wit to make an ill (hape good. 
And fhape to win grace though he had no wit. 
I faw him at the duke Alen9on's once ; 
And much too little of that good I faw» 
Is my report, to his great worthinefs*. 

Rof, Another of thefe ftudents at that time 
Was there with him, if I have heard a truth ; 
Biion thev call him ; but a merrier man« 
Within the limit of becoming mirth, 
I never fpent an hour's talk withal : 
His eye begets occafion for his wit ; 
For every objed that the one doth catch, 

havefaid, butfuddenly checks himfelf ; and adds— -*< (oYerelgo, peeiidk 
lie*> efteemM.** So, before : *< Matchltji Navarre.** Again, in the ^tm^p t 
M but you, O you, 
<< So perfed, and fo pterltft are created.** 

In .the old copiet no attention feems to have been given to abrupt 
fentencea. They are, almoft uniformly printed corruptly, without any 
mark 'of abruption. Thus, in Much ado about nvihing^ we find both 
lathe folio and quarto, <<^-but for theftuffing well, we areallmor- 
taL** See p. no of this volume. Seealfop. 21 : <' Sir, oiock me 
aflC >— your ftory.** Malone. 

4 JVdl fitted Iff the artt. — ] Welljitui is votll augVtfiei. JoKMtoN. 
. thti which it not in the old copies, was added for the fake of the n»e« 
tre, by the editor of the fecond folio. Malonx. 

s . — Kateb*d with -— ] is combined or jo'iHed with* Johnson* 

6 And much too littlt &c.] i. e. And my report of the good I faw. It 
Boch (00 little, compared to his great worthinefs* Haatm* 



The other turns to a mirth-moving jeft ; 
Which his fair tongne (conceit's expofitor) 
Delivers in fuch apt and gracious words^ 
That aged ears play truant at his tales. 
And younger hearin|;s are quite ravifhed ; 
So fweet and volu(>le is his difcouHe. 

Prim. Godblefs my ladies ! are they all in lore % 
That every one her own hath garnifhed 
With filch bedecking ornaments of praife ? 

I. Lor^. Here comes fioyet. 

Reenter Boyet. 

Prifi. Now, what admittance, lord ? 

B$j» Navarre had notice of your fair approach; 
And he and his competitors ' in oath 
Were all addrefs'd* to meet you, gende lady. 
Before I came. Marrv, thus much I have learnt^ 
He rather means to loage you in the field, 
(Like one that comes here to beilege his court,) 
Than feek a diipenfation forhis oath. 
To let you enter his unpeopled houfe. 
Here comes Navarre. {Tin laMiS mift% 

Emir King, Loncavill£, Dumain, Bi&ok, «W 

King, Fair princefs, welcome to the court of Nmrre* 

Prin. Fair, I give you back again ; and, wdcoait 
I have not yet : the roof of this court is too high to 
be yours ; and welcome to the wide fields too bws to 
be mine. 

King. You (hall be welcome, madam, to my coort. 

Prin. I will be welcome then ; condud me thither. 

King. Hear me, dear lady ; I have fwom an oath. 

Prin. Our Lady help my lord ! he*ll be fbrfwom. 

King. Not for the w6rld, fair madam, by my wOI. 

Prin. Why, will (hall break it ; wili> and nothing eUc^ 

T —Aw competitors— [ That i«, bis confederattt. SeeVoLLpi 
140, n. 7. Maloni. 
* H^irt ell addrefsMi— ] To addreft is toprtpert. 80| la AnnAf « 
** *— it lifted up its licad, and dldsddrtft 
•( Jtfelf to mOtiOA *> STISTSHt, 



King. Your ladyfhip is ignorant what it is. 

Prin. Were my lord fo, his ignorance were wife. 
Where now his knowledge muil prove ignorance. 
I hear, your grace hath fworn-ont hoofe-keeping : 
*T\s deadly fm to keep that oath, my lord. 
And fin to break it ' : 
But pardon me, I am too fudden bold ; 
To teach a teacher ill befeemeth me. 
Voachfafe to read the purpofe of my coming. 
And fuddenly refolve me m mv fuit. ^ivu api^trm 

King. Madam, I will, if fuddenly I may. 

Prin. You will the fooner, that I were away; 
For yoo'U prove pcrjur'd, if you make me ftay. 

Bir. Did not I dance with you in Brabant once ' ? 

J^o/. Did not I dance with you in Brabant once ? 

Bir. I know, you did. 

Ro/. How needlefs was it then 
To alk the queftion ! 

Bir. Yon muft not be fo quick. 

Ro/. 'Tis lon^ of you that fpur me with fnch qneftbnt.' 

Bir. Your wit's too hot, it fpeeds too faft, 'twiU tire* 

R9/. Not till it leave the rider in the mire. 

Bir. What time o'day ? 

Ro/. The hour that fools fhould a(k. 

Bir. Now fair befall your mafk ! 

Ro/. Fair fall the fece it covers ! 

Bir. And fendyou many lovers ! 

Ro/ Amen, fo you be none. 

Bir. Nay, then will I be gone. 

King. Madam, your father here doth intimate 
The payment of a hundred thoufand crowns ; 
Being but the one half of an entire fum, 
Diibnrfed by my father in his wars. 

^ Ami fin tohrtak it :] Sir T. Hanxner reads— '« M/fin to break It •** 
mA believe errooeoufly. The princefs ihews an inconvejuenct very fr8« 
(|iient]y attending rafli oaths, which, whether kept or brokea, produce 

foilt. JOMNION. 

> Rof. Did not I donct noitb pn in Brabnnt cnet}'] Thus the folio. 
In the firft quarto, this dialogue paifcs between Cottsriu and Bifpn. It 
it a flutter of litdc confequeoce, Maioms* 



fiat fay, that he^ or we, (as neither iiave,) 

Received that fum ; yet there remains unpaid 

A hundred thoufand more ; in furety of the which. 

One part of Aquitain is bound to us. 

Although not valued to the money's worth. 

If then the king your father will reftorc 

But that one half which is unfatisfy'd. 

We will give up our right in Aquitain, 

And holdfair friendlhip with his majefly. 

But that, it feems, he little purpofeth. 

For here he doth demand to have repaid 

An hundred thoufand crowns ; and not demands^ 

On payment of a hundred thoufand crowns *, 

To have his title live in Aquitain ; 

Which we much rather had depart withal ', 

And have the money by our father lent. 

Than Aquitain fo gelded as it is. 

Dear princefs, were not his requefts fo far 

From reafon's yielding, your fair felf fhould make 

A yielding, 'gainft fome reafon, in my breafi. 

And go well fatisfied to France again. 

Prin. You do the king my father too much wiODgj 
And wrong the reputation of your name. 
In fo unfeeming to confefs receipt 
Of that which hath fo faithfully been paid. 

Kin^, I do proteft, I never heard of it; 
And, if you prove it, I'll repay it back. 
Or yield up Aquitain. 

Prin, We arreft your word : — 
Boyet, you can produce acquittances. 
For fuch a fum, from fpeciai officers 
Of Charles his father. 

King, Satisfy me fo. 

* On payment^] This js Mr. Theobald's corrcaion. TheoUw* 
pies havc-^^«* payment. The two words arc frequently coofbuaded 
in the books of our author's age. See a note on King John, Aft. ni» 
fc. ill. MalOnz. 

3 .— depart witha!] To depart and to pari were anciently fynoiry- 
— So, in K, John : '^ ' ' 

!« Hath willingly defarttd with a parU'* Stxi YSM «# 


^oy. So pleafe your grace, the packet is not come» 
ere that and other Specialties are bcmnd ; 
morrow you Ihali have a fight of them. 
Umg, It fliali fuffice me : at which interview, 
liberal reafon I will yield unto, 
an time, receive fuch welcome at my hand, 
honour, without breach of honour, may, 
kc tender of to thy true worthinefs : 
1 may not come, fair princefs, in my gates ; 
here without you (hall be To received, 
you (hall deem yourfelf lodg'd in my heart, 
Dttgh fo deny 'd fair harbour m my houfe. 
ur own good thoughts excufe me, and farewel : 
-morrow fhall we vifit you again. 
V/«. Sweet health and fair defires confort your grace ! 
a9£. Thy own wifli wifh I thee in every place 1 

[Exeunt King ami his ^rasMm 
ir. Lady, I will commend you to my own hearts 
^ Pray you, do my commendations ; I would be 

rr. I would, you heard it groan. 
9/. Isthefbolfick*? 
ir. Sick at the heart. 
9/1 Alack, let it blood. 
rr. Would that do it good ? 
o/i My phyfickfavs, I', 
rr. Will you prick' t with your eye ? 
p/l No, point, with my knife. 
/>. Now, God fave thy life ! 
o/l And yours from long living ! 
ir» I cannot ftay thankfgiving. [retiring.' 

^um. Sir, I pray you, a word ; What lady is that fame • ? 

It the fooXfiek f ] She means perhaps his heart • So, In Much md9 
imtbinir: (ante, p. 220.) "D.Pedro, In faith, lady, you have A 
Vfbtart, Beat, Yes, my lord; I thank it, poor /oo/, h keeps oa 
«indy fide of care.*' Ma lone. 

' ^J PhJ*'^ i^y^y ^0 ^^^ means to fay, ay. The old fpclling of 
Wnative particle has been retained here for the fake of the rhims. 

' What lady is that fameT] It H odd that Shakfpeare fliould make 



Boy. The heir of Alen9on9 Rofaline her name. 

Dum. A gallant lady i Moniieur, fare you well. 

[Exit DvMAiv; 

Long. I bcfcech vou, a word ; What is fhe in the white ? 

£oy. A woman iometimesy an you faw her in thd light. 

Long. Perchance, light in the light : I defire her oaat . 

Bay. She hath but one for herfelf ; to defire thit> wei« 

Long. Pray you, fir, whofe daughter t 

Boy. Her mother's I have heard. 

Long. God's bleffing on your beard ' ! 

Boy. Good fir, be not offended : 
She is an heir of Faulcpnbridge. 

Long. Nay, my choler is ended. 
She is a moft fweet lady. 

Boy. Not unlike, fir ; that may be* [ZxfV Lokc. 

Bir. What's her name in the cap ? 

Boy. Catharine, by good hap. 

Bir. Is (he wedded, or no ? 

Bey. To her will, fir, or fo. 

Bir. You are welcome, fir ; adieu ! 

Boy. Farewell to me, fir, and welcome to joo. 

[Exit Bixov. LtuUttmrnM/k. 

Mar. That laft is Biron, the merry mad«cap lord ; 
Not a word with him but a jeil. 

Boy. And every jcft but a word. 

Prin. It was well done of yon, to take him at his word. 

Boy. I was as willing to grapple* as he was to board. 

Dumaw enquire after Rofalintf who wai the miibeis of i?irM> aii4 aC|« 
led Catbarlme, who was his own. Birtn behaves in the tame maaacr. 
No advanUf e would be gained by an exchange of names, becaofe lla 
laftfpcech is determined to BirM^j MsriM, who gives a cbaraderef 
him after he has made his exit. Perhaps ail the ladies wore maiki bK 
theprincefs. Stxkvxms. 

They certainly did. See p. 331, where Biroa Ciys to Roralb^- 
«« Now fair befall your mu^ /** Malonx. 

7 Cod*s hleffiMg on your beard /] That is, raay'ft thoo havefeale tai 
farioufnefs more proportionate to thy beard, the length of which fuiti 
ill with fuch idle catches of wit. Johnsom. 

I doubt whether fo much meaning was intended to be conveyed by 
•heft wordi. Maioms. ^ 

S Mar. 


Mar. Two hot (hceps, many ! 

Boy. And wherefore not (hips ? 
flVo fheep, fweetlamb, unlefs we feed on your lips *• 

Mar. You (heep, and I pafture ; Shall that finifh thejeft? 

Bp. So you grant pafture for me. [pfferiug t§ kifi Iht. 

Mmr, Not fo, gentle beaft ; 
If 7 lips are no common, though (cveral they be *• 

Bwy. Belonging to whom ? 

Mar. To my fortunes and me. 

Prim.GoKA wits will be jangling : bat, gentles, tgree: 
The dvil war of wits were much better ofed 
On Navarre and his book-men ; for here 'tis abufed* 

i?#;. If my obfervation, (which verv feldom lies,) 
By yiz heart's ftill rhetorick, difdofed with tyti *^ 
Deceive me not now, Navarre is infeded. 

Prim. With what? 

Bty. With that which we lovers intitle, affeded* 

Prin. Your reafon ? 

B^. Why, all his behaviours did make their retire 
To me court of his eye, peeping thorough defire : 
His heart, like an agate, with your print impreiTed, 
Proud with his form, in his eye pride exprcfTed : 

* •— umltfswe feed on your lips.] Our author has the faune expreffioA 
ia his yiiMMs and Ad^mit : 

<< Feed where thou wilt, on mountain or on dale j 
«* Graze 9n my lipt . " M a L o N x . 
9 My apt are no common^ thoMgb feveral tbn he,l A play oa the 
trord^tfvfTtf/, which, bcAdes its ordinary fignificauon offeparate, eliftiMffp 
JSkemft fifnifies in uniaclofed lands, a certain portion of ground ap- 
Mpriaeed to either corn or meadow, adjoining the common field. Ia 
lfiiltfMn*t Didionary, 1617, is the following article : « To tXYSs. 
^fittB ocbert. Hinc nos paicua et campos feorfim ab aliis feperatos S4» 
fftnig 4icimus.** In the margin he fpells the word as Shakfpeare does 1 
^vflr«iSr*— Our author is feldom careful that his comparifont ihould 
lifviiii on both fides. If feveral be underftood in' its ruftick fenfc, the 
•Awfatifre particle ftands out awkwardly. To fay, that tbotnrblukd ic 
k^trmlf it is not a common^ feems as unjuftifiable u to auert, that 
^oagb ahoufe is a cottage, it is not a palace. Malomi. 

* By tbe bearing ilill rhetorick^ dijclojed vitb eyet,] So In DanieTs 
Comflsimt of R0famond^ 1 594 1 

<* Sweet Jlitnt rbetorlck of perfuading eyet j 
** Dumb eioquenst^^*** M A L 9 N x • 


Bid point you to buy i 

His face's own marge 

That all eyes favv his « 

I'll give you Aquitain 


Pn'a. Come^ to oui 

^e^. Bot to fpcak I 

difclos'd : 

I only have made a mc 

By adding a tongue wl 

^e^ Thoaart an ol 

Mar. He is Cupid' 

X9/I Then was Venu 

is but grim. 
Boy. Do you hear, m 
Mar. No: 

Boy. What then, do 3 
Ro/. Ay, our way to I 
Boy. You arc too hard 

» Hit tengue, all impatient t 

^tngtmpatiently dejiroui tc fee , 

* 7> feel onfy looking^r Pc 

, ^y^i^^^h^ytocking, 

J au face's own margent die 
juouoojw, &c. were ufualJyp: 
00, in Romeo and fuliet • 



Amotbir part of the /ami. 
Enter Arm a do ami Moth. 

Jrm. Warble^ child; make paflionate my fenfe of 

Moth. Concolinel'^^ [fi^S^*^* 

Jrfii. Sweet air !— Go, tendernefs of years ; take this 
key, ^ive enlargement to the Twain, bring him feftinatelj 
hitiier^ ; I mud employ him in a letter to my love. 

Moth. Ma' :r, will you win your love with a French 
brawl ' ? 

Jrm. How mean'/l thou ? brawling in French ? 

Moth* No, my complete mailer : but to jig off a tune at 
the tongue's end^ .canary to it with your feet*, hamoor 
|t with turning up your eye-lids ; iigh a note^ andfing a 
note; fometime through the throat, as if you fwallow'd 
love with iinging love ; ifometime througn the noTe, as 
if youiiiiiff''d up love by fmelling love; with yoos hat 
penthoufe-like, o'er the (hop of your eyes; with your 
arms crofs'd on your thin belly-doublet, like a rabbit on a 
fpit ; or your hands in your pocket, like a man after 
|Jie x)ld pointing ' ; and keep not too long in one tune, 


> Concoltnel-^'] Here is apparently a fong loft. Toitksoii. 

1 have obferved in the old comedies, that the \ongi are frequently 
OQiittefl. On this occaflon the ftage-dire£tion is generally— >H^« tbef 
fi9if<fCy Caiftflnu ProbaMy the performer was left to chufe his owa 
ditty, and therefore it ccfuld not with propriety b.e exhibited as part of 
a new performance. 'Sometimes yet more was left to the<difcretion of 
the ancient comedians, as I learn from the following circumftance in 
K. Edward IV. 2d p. 1^19 :-— <' Jockey is led whipping over the ftage, 
fpeaking fome words, hut of no importance." Again in Decker*s Hontft 
H^ore^ 1635 : << He places all things in oxAtr^ Jinging yrith the ends of 
old ballads as he does it." Stzevens. 

ft — fefHnately bUber'^'[ i. e. haftily. Shakfpeare ufes the adje^ive 
fefiinati, in another of his plays. Stxzvxn $• 

J — tf Fnncb brawl f^ A brawl is a kind of dance* Stzxvzns* 

4 — canary to it wkb your feettl ^^^ry was the name of a(^ritely 
nimble dance. Thzobalp. 

5 — like a man after tbe old painting ;] It was a common trick 
among fome of the moft indoleat of the ancient OMftersi to place the 

Vol. II. Z hands 


but a fnip and away: Thcfc arc complements S thcfcart 
humours ; thefe betray nice wenchet— that would be be- 
tray 'd without thefe ; and make them men of note, (do 
you note, men ?) that moft are affeded to thefe ^. 

Arm. How hail thou purchafed this experience ? 

Moth. By my penny of obfervation '. 

Arm, But O,— but O,— 

Moth. — the hobby-horfe is forgot^. 

Arm, Cairft thou my love, hobby-horfe ? 

Moth. No, mafter, the hobby-hone is but a colt', and 
^ui* love, perhaps, a hackney. But have you fbrfot 
ypur love ? 

hands in the bofom or the pockets, or conceal them hi foxat o^Mr^ 
of the drapery, to avoid the labour of reprefenting thiem, or to iUJ^^ 
ibeir own want of (kill to employ them with grace and propriety. SritTf 
6 .. c9mpUmtnu^ i. e. accompUihments. See p. 314, n. 9. Max^vi* 
^ — atfd make them men of note, (do you ««ftf, mgm f) tbsi srt m§f «/- 
feSttd to tbefe,^ i. e« and make thofe men who are moft affeded to wk 
•ccompliOiaenu, meaof note— -Mr. Theobald, without «nyiiecditr» 
xeadsF-^nd makers men of note, &c. which was, I think, too baiily 
adopted in the fubfequent editions. One of the modem editoct, oMai 
of— .<< do you note, men ?** with great probability reads— do yos ootB 
wef Malonz. 

* By my penny of ebfervation^l The old copy reads- /« « The 
•mesdationis Sir T. Hiinmer*s. Malom s. 

It ii ceruinly right. The allufion it to the £uiioiis old jkoh ^^^ 
A Fenniwortb of W\t, Farmer. 

9 Arm. But 0, — hut Of^-r 

Moth. — the hobby-horfe h fir got J] In the celebration of May* 
day, be/ides the fports now ufed of hanging a pole with garlands, toi 
dancing round it, formerly a boy was dreiTed up reprefenting Maid Ma- 
rian ; another like a fryar ; and another rode on a hobby-horie, wicb 
bells jingling, and painted dreamers. After the reformation took placci 
and precifians multiplied, thefe latter rites were looked upon to IrwM 
of paganifm \ and then maid Marian, the friar, and the poor hobby- 
horfe, were turned out of the games. Some who were not fo wiftif 
precife, but regretted the difufe of the hobby-horfe, no doubt, fatiriaei 
this fufpicion of idolatry, and archly wrote the epitaph aboTe alla^ 
to. Now Moth, hearing Armado groan ridiculouAy, and cry out* Bft 
•h ! hut ob ! — humouroufly pieces out hi« exclamation with the fc^ , 
of this epitaph. Theobald. 

The fame line is repeated in HamJ$t» See the note on A€t III. fc ii* 


* ^^ but a colt,] Colt is a hot» mad-brained, unbroken young fel- 
low^ or (bmeUixKs an old fcUow with youthful dciires. Johksok. 



Arm. Almoftlhad. 

Moth. Negligent ihident ! learn her by heart. 
Arm. By hearty and in heart, boy. 
M9ih^ And oat of heart> mailer; all tho& three I will 

Arm. What wilt thou prove? 

Moth. A man, if I live; andthis, by, in, and with* 
Qty upon the inflant : By heart you love her, becaufe 
oar heart cannot come by her : in heart you love her^ 
i^eaafe your heart is in love with her; and out Of 
leait vou love her, being out of heart that you cannot 
njoy ner. 

Arm. I am all thefe three. 
* Xotih, And three times as much more, and yetnothin£ 
It all. 

Arm. Fetch hither the Twain ; he mud carry me a letter* 

Moth. A mefTage well fympathifed ; a horfe to be em«> 
Mfla4or for an afs ! 

Arm. Ha, ha ; what fayeft thou f 

Uptb. Marry, fir, you mud fend tlie afs upon the horfe^ 
for he is very uow-gaited : But I go. 
.-Armm The way is butihort ; away. 

Mrtk. As fwift as lead, fir« 

Jirm. Thy meaning, pretty ingenious ? 
Is not lead a metal, heavy, dull, and flow f 

M^th. Minime, honed maftei;, or rather^ mafier» no. 

i4rm. I fay, lead is flow. 
JhUib. You are too fwift, iir, to fay fo*: 
li that lead flow which is fir'd from a gun f 

' Arm. Sweet fmoke of rhetorick ! 

* !#» Mrt too fwift, Jtr^ fofijjffi'l The mtaning, I belieTe, It, Tom 
Jk wot give yourjelf time to thinks if you Jay Jo. Swift 9 howcTer, 
^icant ready at replies. Ste evens. 

Swift is here ufed, as in other peaces, fynonymoui!/ with witty* 


So, in Aifom Vike it: *' He is wtxj fwift and fenteatious.** Again ill 
Mub tido afout nothing : 

*• Having fo fwift and excellent a wit.** 

On reading the letter which contained an intimation of the Gon* 
powder-plot in 1605, King Tames faid, that «* the ftylc was more 
MuUk and Mthic than was ufual ia p^quili and libels.*' M Afc om x . 

^ ■ Z» He 


He reputes me a cannon ; and the bullet, that's he :«- 

I (hoot thee at the fwain. 

Moth. Thump then, and I flee. [Exit. 

Arm. A moft acute Juvenal ; voluble and free of gnce! 
By thy favour, fwcct welkin ', I muft figh in thy face ; 
Mod rude melancholv, valour gives thee place. 
My herjdd is return d. 

Re-enter Moth an^ Costard. 

Moth. A wonder, mailer ; here's a Coward ^ broken in 
a ftiin. 

jirm. Some enigma, fome riddle : come,— thy r^rvif ; 
— begin. 

Cofi. No egma, no riddle, no l*en*voy^ ; no falve in the 
mail, fir ^ : O fir, plantain, a plain plantain; no/*rs^, 
no V envoy, no falve, iir, but a plantain ! 
• Arm. By virtue, thou cnforceft laughter; thy filly 
thought, my fpleen ; the heaving of my lungs provokes 
me to ridiculous fmiling : O, pardon me, my ftars ! Doth 
the inconiiderate take falve for Penvoj, and the word, 
Pimfoy^ for a falve ? 

3 By thy favour f pioeei welkin,] ffelkin ii the iky, to which Ar- 
mado, with the falfe dignity of a Spaniard, makes an ti>ology for %hiiif 
anittface. Johnson. 

4 — beris a Coftard hroketh-^"] I. e. a head. Stixvxns* 

5 -.. 00 I'envoy ;] The P envoy is a term borrowed from the old Fitndl 
poetry. It appeared always at the head of a few concluding Terfei n 
each piece, which either ferved to convey the moral, or to addicii tbe 
poem to feme particular perfon. It was frequently adopted by the 
ancient English writers. Stxxvxns. 

6 .» no falve iri the mail, fir :'\ No falve in the maii may mean, nt 
falve in the mountebank*8 budget. Johnson* 

Male, which is the reading of the old copies, it only the 0I4 fydJim 

9fmaU. So, in Taylor the Water-Poefs Works, fCbaraaer ^/a Bavi) 

1630: — «< the doathc-bag of counfel, the cap-cafe, fardle, pack, msk, 

of friendly toleration.'* The quarto 1598, and the firft fblio, hsw 

m^bee male. Corrcfled by the editor of the fecond folio. Malomi. 

I can fcarccly think that Shakfpcare had fo far forgotten his litdl 

Ifchool-learning, as to fuppofe that the Latin vtrb falve, and the Englifc i 

lubilantive, falve, had the fame pronunciation 5 and yet, without ttih ! 

the quibble cannot be preferved. Farmxk. j 

The fame q uibblc occun in Ariflippui, or the JovialPbihfifber^ 1630 1 « 

" Sal'vey Mafter Simplicim. * 

« Salve me j 'til but zfrrgeon^i emprtmtHtJ"* Stixtkn»« ^ 

M9th. \ 


Metb, Do the wife think them other ? is not Vtwvsy 
• falvc? 

Arm. No, page : it Is an epilogue or difcourfej to make 
Some obfcure precedence that hath tofbre been fain. 
I will example it ^ : 

The fox, the ape, and the humble bee. 
Were ftill at odds, being but three. 
There's the moral : Now the Pen<voy. 

Motb, I will add the Pennjoy : Say the moral again. 
Arm* The fox, the ape, and the humble- bee» 

Were ftill at odds, being but three : 
li^th. Until the goofe came out of door. 

And ftay'd the odds by adding four. 
Now will I begin your moral, and do you follow with m)r 

The fox, the ape, and the humble bee» 
Were ftill at odds, being but three : 
Arm, Until the goofe came out of door. 
Staying the odds by adding four. 
hUth. A good Pen<voy, ending in the goofe ; Would 
you de£re more ? 
Ctfi. The boy hath fold him a bargain, a goofe, theft's 
Sir, TOOT jpennjr-worth is good, an your goofe be fat.— 
To (ell a bargain well, is as cunning as faft and loofe : 
Let me fee a fat Ptn^voy ; ay, that's a fat goofe. 

Arm. Come hither, come hither ; how did this argu. 
nent begin ? 

M^tb. By faying, that a Coftard was broken in a Ihin. 
Then call'd you for the Pennjoy, 
Coft. True, and I for a plantain ; Thus came your 
argument in : 
Then the boy's fat P envoy ^ the goofe that you bought ; 
And he ended the market '• 

7 I will examfte it :"] This and thefollowijig eight lines are omitted 
io the folio. Malonx. 

* Amd be nded the market,'] Alluding to the proverb— T^nf mf^ 
mem mmdm^fe make a market. Tre deaae et uk eceafauun wureatem 
It^l* IUy\ Profcrbt. Stsstiws. 

Z 3 Arm. 




Jrm* But tell m€ i how wai there a Coltvit broka h 
a fliin * ? 

MniJ^* I will tell yiMi fenfiWy* 

CojK Thou hail ao fccUng of it, Moth ; I wiU ffdt 
that Pfitun :— 

I, Coftard, ninmrif out, that was faftly wiihiii» 
FcO over the threihold, and broke my Ihin, 

^rw. We will talk no more of thi* matter. 

Ccfi. Till there be more matter rn the fliin, 

^rjBt. Sirrah Coftard, I will cnfraacKife thte* 

€&Ji. O, marry mc to one Frances j^-I ^ell 
tinnji^y, ibme gooie, in this, 

^rw* By my tweet foul, I mean* fctting thee it libc!* 
ry, enfreedoming thy perfon ; thoa wen immur'd, rt- 
Jkrainedr captivated, boand, 

C<?/. True, true ; and now y<Ki wilt be my purgatioft, 
and let me loofe* 

Jrm, I give thee thy liberty, fet thee fram daranct; 
and, in lieu thereof, impofc on thee nothing botlhb: 
Bear this fignificant to the country maid Jaqucnetta : di«ft 
is remuneration ; \^gi^iftg ^^^ m^niyA for the beft *«^ 
cf mine honour, is » rewarding my dependantj, Mod* 
fellow. ^ ^ [Emu 

Moth, Like the fequet, I*,— Signior Coftord, toiee. 

C^. My fweet ounce of m&n'« flc0i I jAf inc^^ 

Jew * !— [£*!/ Mot h. 

Now will I look to his remuneratloii. Remuneraiieml 


9 ^ htmrm^f thtrt A Coftafd hfukin h a/hh fj It hat bc«ii i1m^ 

cUbrf^d tbjit the btad wm tnciendy ciUc4 the C^fiswd. StilttKi* 

I Liketbf fequelt Lj I follow >ou u dol'c » tlie £&|ttcl dtti# 

Moth alludes to the Te^urf of u^ ftory whith follows 4 preeeJ^ 
pjrt, and was in the old flory*!>CKjfcs intrmluced in ihii mafl»«>^ 
" HerefoUow^th the fequd of fjch a itot^ or adventure." Si Mtnlit 
lap, — ** But ii there ao /jf^iii/ X the hffids of thU inollier'i •int- 
uition ^ Ma^cik. 

£_ jwjr jflffiv^i Jew !] /#»jijr or Jto4r]^ b the north llgni&eii, 6bI^ ill^ 
CAte ;^Hi)!i 2 if'R^ r£;ii^i a tine things War bumtok, 

ytm>t in our AUtKof '» Limct vtA%t ^^ whatever reafaiii if^«rrflCl| « 
w jrd of (Midear/nf nt. So, in che Midjim m er Nigbt*$ i>r^sm i 

** Mo/ihrtJJtf juvtnaf^ ttrj fh >^^fi Uittly Jew,'* JpHjttoi** 

la the old tomfidy Cillci Uttttf Miifiit CattfiabU^ v^QH^ I ai«E v**^ 


O, that's the Latiii word for three farthings : three fiu-- 
things — ^remuneration. What*s the price of this inklif a 
f€Witf ;— iVij, Vll give you a remuneration : why, it car- 
ries it.— Remuneration !— why, it is a fairer name rfian 
French crown. I will never buy and fell out of ddi 

Enter Biron. 

Bir. O, my good knave Coftard! exceedingly well met. 

Coft. Pray you, iir, how much carnation ribbon may 
a man buy for a remuneration ? 

Bir, What is a remuneration ? 
* Cofi. Marry, fir, half-penny farthing. 

Bir. O, why then, three-farthings- worth of filk. 

Cojt. I thank your worfhip : God be wi' 70a ! 

Bir. O, flay, flave ; I mult employ thee : 
As thou wilt win my favour, gooa my knave. 
Do one thing for me that I fhdl entreat. 

Cejt. When would you have it done, fir? 

Bir. O, this afternoon. 

Cefi. Well, I will doit, fir: Fare you well. 

Bir. 0> thou knowefl not what it is. 

Cofi. I fhall know, fir, when I have done it. 

Bir, Why, villain, thou muft know firft. 

C9ft. I will come to your worlhip to-morrow morning* 

Bit. It mud be done this afternoon. Hark, flave« it it 
but this; — 

The princefs comes to hunt here in the park. 
And m her train there is a gentle lady ; 
When tongues fpeak fweetly, then they name her 

And Rofaline they call her : a(k for her ; 
And to her white hand fee thou do commend 
This feal'd-up counfel. There's thy guerdon ; go. 

\zi<ves bim money. 
Coft. Guerdon,— O fweet guerdon ! oetter than rc- 

this word. A maid is fpeaking to her xniftrefs about a gown t-«<' It 
makes you have a moft inconit body.'* AgaJn» in Marlowe's Jnm tf 

Mgb4f 1633 : 

hileIi»Cbf«irml«p(lotiiaUc%! Stxxvbns. ^ 

2 4. immeration; 


jnuncration; clcvcn-pcnce farthing better': Moft IweeC 
guerdon I — I will do it, fir, in print*. — Goerdon— re- 
muneration. [Exit, 
Sir. O \ — And I, forfooth, in love ! I, that have been 
love's whip ; 

A very beadle to a humourous figh ; 
A critick ; nay « a night-watch conftable ; 
A domineering pedant o'er the boy. 
Than whom no mortal fo magnificent ! 
This wimpled', whining, purblind, wayward boy; 

3 Coft. CMfiow,— fweet guerdon! better tbsm temunendoof 
eleven-pence farthing better : &c.] Guerdon, i. e. reward. 

The following parallel paffage in A Health te the GemimiMmh ff 
f^H of Serving'meny or the Sertfingrman't Ccmfort^ 4cc« 159«> vaf 
pointed out to me by Dr. Farmer t 

« There was, fayth he, a man, (but of what eftate, degree, or call* 
ingy I will not name, leaft thereby 1 might incurre difpleafare of anic) 
that comming to his friendes houfe» who was c gentleman of food 
reckoning, and being there kindly entertained, and ¥reU ofed, at wcB 
of his friende the gentleman as of his fervantes } one of the fiiyde ier* 
▼antes doing him fome extraordinarie pleafure during his abode therey 
at his departure he comes unto the fayd fenrante^ and faith unto hiiOy 
Holde thee, here is a remuneration for thy paynes y which the ferrante 
receiving, gave him utterly for it (befides his paynes) thanket, for it was 
but a three- fart blngt peece : and I holde thanket for the fame a liaall 
price, howioever the market goes. Now an other comming to the fayd 
gentleman's houfe, it was the forefayd fervant*s good hap to be neare 
nim at his going away, who calling the fenrant unto him, fayM, Holde 
thee, here is a guerdon for thy deferts : now the fenrant payd no dealer 
for the puerdon, than he did for the remuneration ; though the guerdon 
was xid. farthing better j for it was zjbill'mg^ and tberoUies butarirse^ 

Whether Shakfpeare or the author of this pamphlet was the bor* 
rower, cannot be known, till the time when Lovers Labour*! Lojt was 
written, and the date of the earlieft edition of the Semnng^man^s Cemfirtt 
Sec. ihall be afcertained by circumflances which aire at prefent beyond 
our reach. Stxevens. 

4 — in print.] i. e. cxadHy, with the utmoft nicety. St £ evens. 
See Vol. I. p. 127. The expreflioi\, as Mr. Steevens and Mr. Tyr« 

whitt have fhcwn, often occurs in our old Engliih comedies. Malonc. 

5 7 bis wimpled — ] The wimple was a hood or veil which fell o\ts 
the face. Had Shakfpeare been acquainted with the^^jirsvfsjir of the 
Romans, or the gem which reprefents the marriage of Cupid and 
Pfyche, his choice of the epithet would have been much applauded by 
Mil the advocates in favour of his learmng, Stkivcns. 



is fignior Jonio's giant-dwarf, Dan Capid*i 
^ent of love-rhime8> lord of folded arms, 
e anointed fovereign of fighs and groans, 
;ge of all loiterers and malecontents, 

nis JIgnior JunWt gtant-dtoarf^ Dam Cupid \\ Mr. TheobtU 
, that fome one propoled to him to read— 

ThUfnhr JM/iiWf giant-dwarf, Dan Cupid { 
It if, ** this old young man.** So» afterwarda : 
«< That was the way to make hit godhead wax, 
« For he hath been five thoufand yean a boy.'* 
Fthc old copies had exhibited Junior, I (hould hare had oo doubt 
: the fecond word in the line was only the old fpelling* of Jtmiwp 
a, a former paflage, (p. 320,} and in one in the Comedy of Errort 
ted below by Mr. Toilet 5 but as the text appears both in the quarto 
8, and the folio, Cupid is not himfelf called Jignior, or/euier junio^ 
a giant-dwarf /o [that is, attending upon] fignior Junio, and therefore 
nnft endeavour to explain the words as they ftand. In both thefe 
ct yuni§*s U printed in Italicks as a proper name. For the reafona 
ady mentioned, I fuppofe fignior here to have been the Italian title 
boflour, and Cupid to be defcribed as uniting in his perfon the cha* 
sen of both a giant, and a dwarf; a giant en account of his power 
rauakind, and a dwarf on account of his/ize; [So afterwards! 
>f hit (Cupid*s) almighty , dreadful, little might.**] and as attending 
Ids double capacity on youth, (perfoni/ied under the name of Signloe 
iOf) the age in which the paflion of love has moft dominion over the 
rt. In chara6lerizing youth by the name of Junio, our author may 
connteaanced by Ovid, who afcribes to the month of June a fimilar 

Junios a juvenum nomine diSus adtfi, 
>r. Warburton was likewife of opinion that by Junto \% meant 
th in general. Mr. Upton would read— This fignior JuVto^t gi« 
-dwarf $—4uppofing that our author meant Julio Romano, an^ 
t that painter had drawn Cupid in the chara&r of a giant-dwarf. 
t «• who (as Mr. Toilet juftly obferves) will afcertain that 
io Romano ever drew Cupid as a giant-dwarf?'* Malonx. 
n the exaggeration of poetry we might call Cupid a giant-dwarf; 

how a giant-dwarf ihould be reprefented in painting, I cannot well 
iceive. Mason. 

ihakfpeare, in K. Richard III. A€t IV. fc. iv, ufes fignoru forfeni^ 
yj and Stowe*8 Chronicle, p. 149, edit. 16 14, fpeaks of Edward the 
pitor, i. e. the elder. I can therefore fuppofe that^f nor here meana 
Mr, and not the Italian title of honour. Thus in the nrft folio, at the 
d of the Comedy ofErrori : 

•* S, Dro* Not I, fir, you are my elder. 

<* £. Dro, That's a queftion : how (hall we try It ? 

«* S, Dro. We'll draw cuts for ^t fignior. ToLJttT. 



Dread prince of plackets, king of codpieces. 

Sole imperator, and great general 

Of trotting pari tors ^, — O my little heart !— 

And I to be a corporal of his field *, 

And wear his colours like a tumbler's hoop ' ! 

What ? I ! I love M I fue ! I feek a wife ! 

A woman that is like a German clock. 

Still a repairing * ; ever out of frame ; 


7 Of tretting ip2TitoTSy'] An apfariter^ or faritor^ it an officer of the 
biihop*8 court, who carries out citations : ai citations are uioft fte- 
quently iffued for fornication, the paritor is put under Cupid*! foven- 
ment. Johnson. 

'- jind J to be a corporal of his field>] Giles Clayton^ in his UsrttH 
D'tfcipline, 1 591, has a chapter on the office and dutY ofzeorforslifthi 
JStid. Brokefby tells us, that « Mr. Dodwell's. father was in an office 
then known by the name of corporal of the fiel4i which he Cud was equal 
to that of a captain of horfe/* Farmzr. 

It appears from Lord StrafFord*s Letter tt vol. ii. p. 199^ that a rer- 
firai of the field was employed as an aid-de-camp it now, •< in takiag 
and carrying too and fro the dire^ions of the general^ or other the 
higher officers of the field.*' Ttrwhitt. 

9 And Kvear bit colours like a tumblerU boep /] The nodoo if not t&it 
' tiie hoop wears colours^ but that the colours are worn as a tmwMtr car- 
jies his boop, hanging on one fhoulder^ and falling under the oppofits 
arm. Johnson. 

Perhaps the tumbler^s boops were adorned with their mailer*!i coloan» 
cr with ribbands. To tvear bis colours, means to weare his i«4ffr or 
€ogmfance, or to be his fervant or retainer. So, in Stowe*i Anaslt, 
p. 274 : ** All that tvare the duke's fign, or coloun, were 5ua to hide 
them, conveying them from their necks into their boibme*** Tollit. 

It was once a mark of gallantry to wear m ladft cnUurtm I am in- 
formed by a lady who remembers morris-dancing, that the charadcr 
who tumbled, always carried his boop dreHed out with ribbands, and ia 
the pofition defcribed by Dr. Johnfon. Stikvkns. 

< Wbat f I ! Hove /] The fir/l / which is not in the old copies bl 
been fupplicd by Mr. Tyrwhitt. There is no miftake more coaunoa 
at the prefs than the omiffion of a word, when it happens to be itpeated 
in the fame line, and the two words join. Mr. Tyrwhitt's emeadacioa 
is fupportcd by the firft line of the prcfent fpeech ! 

And / forfooth in love ! /, that have been love's whip*^ 

Sir T. Hanmcr fupplied the metre by repeating the word WbH* 


* — like a German clochy 
Still a repairing $1 The fame alluiioa occurs in fFtfiwm'dMft ^f 

LOVE'S LABOlIi^'Sv.OST. 357 

And never going aright, being a watch. 
But being watch'd that it miy Jlill go right? 
Nay, to beperjur'd which is wcrftof all ; 
And, among three, to love the worll of all ; 
A whitely wanton with a \elvet brow. 
With two pitch balh ftuck in her face for eyes ; 
Ay, and, by heaven, one ihat will do the deed, 
Tiioogh Areus were her eunuch and her guard : 
And I to figh for her 1 to watch for her ! 
To pr^ for her ! Go to ; it is a plague 
That Cupid will impofe for my negledfc 
Of his almighty dreadful little might. 
Well, I will love, write, figh, pray, fuc, and groan'; 
Some men muft love my lady, and fome Joan^ [ExiK 

Decker and Webfter, 1607 : <'— no German Clock, no mathemttical en- 
gine wbatfocver, requires fo much reparation, &c."*»The following es« 
trad it taken from a book called Tbe Art'iJicUi Ciock-makerp 3d edit* 
1714 ; ** Clock-making was fuppofed to have had its beginning in Gcr* 
many within lefs than thefe two hundred years. It is very probable^ 
that our balance-docks or watches, and fome other automata^ might 
hint had their beginning there ; &c.** Again, p. 91.—^' Little worth 
xemark is to be found till towards the x6th century ; and then dock- 
"irork was revived or whi^lly invented anew in Germany, as is generally 
thoaght, becaufe the ancient pieces are of German work.** 

A ikjiful watch-maker informs me, that clocks have not been com* 
jBonly made in England much more than one hundred years backward* 

To the inartificial conilrudUon of thefe firft pieces of mechaniijn ex- 
ecuted in Germany, we may fuppofe Shakfpeare alludes. The clock at 
Hampton-Court, which was fet up in 1540, (as appears from the 
inlcription affixed to it,} is faid to be the firft ever fabricated in England. 


" In fome towns in Germany (fays Dr. Powel, in his Human Jm'* 
itfiry^ 8vo. 166 1,) there arc very rare arid, elaborate clocks t.) be feenia 
their town- hails, wherein a man mav read afVronomj', and i^cver look 
tip to the ikies.— In the town-hall uf Prague thcfr '««; u clock that ihewa 
the annual motiors of the fun and moon, ths names and numbers o£ 
the months, days, and fcftivals of the whole year, tlic time of the fun 
rifiog and fetting :hroughout t-.i«. year, the equinoxes, the length of the 
days and nights, the hfmg z\\\x letting of the twelve figns of the Zo* 
diack, &c. — But the town of Straiburgh carries the bell of all other 
fteeples of Germany in this point." Thefe elaborate decks were pro- 
bably often «< out of frame.** Malonz. ^ 

i ^ and groan 3] Andy which ii not lA either of the autheatick co- 



A C T IV. S C E N E I. 

Another part of the fame. 

Jf«//r/i&/ Princcfs, Rosaline, Maria, CatharIni, 
BoYET, Lords, Attendants, and a Forefter. 

Prin. Was that the king, that fpur'dhis horfc (b hard 
Againft the fteep uprifing of the hill ? 

Boy. I know not ; but, I think, it was not he. 

Prin. Whoe'er he was, he fhew'd a mounting mind. 
Well, lords, to-day we fliall have our difpatch ; 
On Saturday we will return to France, — 
Then, forefter, my friend, where is the bufli. 
That we muft Hand and play the murderer in ? ^ 

For. Hereby, upon the edge of yonder coppice ; 
A ftand, where you may make the faireft ihoot. 

Prin. I thank my beauty, I am fair that fhoot^ 
And thereupon thou fpeak'ft, the fairefl ihoot. 

For. Pardon me, madam, for I meant not fo: 

Prin. What, what ? firfl praife me, and again fay, IM>.^ 
O (hort-liv'd pride ! Not fair ? alack for woe ! 

For. Yes, madam, fair. 

Prin, Nay, never paint me now ; 
Where fair is not, praife cannot mend the brow. 
Here, good my glafs ', take this for telling true ; 

[gi'ving him mmj. 
Fair|>ayment for foul words is more than due. 

For. Nothing but fair is that which you inherit. 

Prin. See, fee, my beauty will be fav'd by merit. 
O herefy in fair, fit tor thefe days ! 
A giving hand, though foul, ihall have fair praife.— 

pletof ti)!i play, the quarto 1598, and the folio 1623, wai added tf 
fupply the metre, by the editor of the fecond folio. Malon c. 

4 Some men muft love my ladvf and fome Jean.] To thit line Mr. 
Theobald extends his fecond ad, not injudiciouDy, but, without fuf- 
lUIent authority. Johnson. 

« Here, good flvy g/afsf^] She rewards the forefter for htTiJig ibewt 
iMr t« l^rUif ai m a mirror. Stxsysns. 



Bat come, the bow :— Now mercy roes to kill. 

And (hooting well is then accounted ill. 

Thus will I fave my credit in the fhoot : 

Not wounding, pit^ would not let me do't ; 

If woundiag, then it was tofhew my ikill. 

That more fbr praife, than purpofe, meant to kilK 

And, out of quefHon, fo it is fometimes ; 

Glory grows guilty of detefted crimes ; 

When, fbr, fame's fake, for praife, an outward part^ 

We bend to that the working of the heart : 

As I, for praife alone, now leek to fpiU 

The poor deer's blood, that my heart means no in t* 

B9y, Do not curft wives hold that felf-lbvereignty • 
Only fbr praife' fake, when they ftrivc to be 
Lords o'er their lords ? 

Prin. Only fbr praife : and praife we may afibrd 
To any lady that fiibdues a lord. 

Enter Costard. 

Prsn, Here comes a member of thecoamopwealth^, 

Cofl,' all! Pray you, which 1% tlM 
head lady ? 

Prin. Thou ihalt know her, fellow, by the reft that 
have no heads. 

Coft. Which is the greateft lady, the higheft ? 

Prin, The thickeft, and the tallefl. 

Coft. Thethickefl and the talleft! itisfo; truth it 

An your waift, miftrefs, were as (lender as my wit, 
Oneof thefe maids' girdles for your waift (hould be fit.' 
Are not you the chief woman ? you are the thickeft here. 

Prin. What's your will, fir ? what's your will ^ 

* >— that my heart meanf no ilL} i. e. to whom my teart meswtncl/fm 
Tike common phrafe fupprefTes the particle^ zilmeanb'm [not /o him] m 

ham* JOHKION. 

^ — that Mf-^overeignty^^l Not a fovcreJgnty cvrr, but i«, them« 
ftlTei:-4b /«//*■ (ufl!iclency,/r{/^.confequence, &c. Malomi. 

4 — tf memier cftbe comm9fitoea/tL,'} Here, I believe, is a kind of 
}eft intended : a member of the common^yfcilth it put for one of the 
<Mam people, one of the meanefl. Johnson. 
t ^ Cii dig-you'dtn^^l A corruption o^^^od givi you goaJ tvtM, 

\ Cojt. 

Cofi. I have a letter from monfieur Biron, toooe lidf 

Prin. O, thy letter, thy letter ; he's a good f»Bd«£ 
Stand afide, good bearer^-— Boyet, yoacaa canr«( 
Break up this capon ^. 

Boy, I am bound to ferr«.— 
This letter is rnidook^ it importetk atae \i/tni 
Itis writ to J^^uenetta. 

Prin. WewiUreadit, Ifwear: 
Break the neck of the wax ^, and trttrf one give eir* 

Boy, {reads.] By bea^uen, th^i thou art fair, is wtt^ i$» 
fallible I true, that thcu art beauteous \ truth itfilf, that 
thou art lonely : More fairer than fair, beaatifml tksi 
Seauteous, truer than truth itjelf hanje cemmiferatiammthj 
iterate al *vajfal! The puignanimous and mofi iUufirttt^ 
king Cophetua ^ Jet eye upon the femiciom attd indmhiteii 
heggar Zenelophon ; and he it <was that 'might rightly Jecj^ 
veni> vidi, vici \ which to unatomisu ia iha 'wdgar, (0 

,^ — Scyet, you can carve ^ 

Break up this capon,] i. c open this letter. 

Our poet ufes this metaphor, as the French ^o dieir ftAt\ ^dtidk 
fignifies both a young fowl and a love-letter. Theobalb. 

One of Ldrd Che(lertield*s letters, 8vo. toI. Ui. p. 1 14, gi^ 01 the 
XCSiion why pouier maaa amateria iitera, ToLtlT. 

Henry I V. confulting with Sully about his marriagCyfaySy <* niyaiece 
^f Guife would pleale me beft, notwithilanding the malicloas reports^ 
that(hclo»'f' pouUts in paper, better than in a fricafet,^''^^A, meAgeil 
called a cold pigeon^ in the letter concerning tlie entertainiBcnti at Kil» 
Jingworth Caftle. Farmer. 

To break up was a peculiar phrafe In carving. Pxrct. 

t Break the neck of tht vjax,'] Still alluding to the capom* JoflKtOjr* 

8 _ iiiufiratc] for lliifftrioui. It is often ufcd by Cnapmsn in hit 
Cranflation of Homer. Steevens* 

9 _ king Cophetua] This ftory is again alluded to in ffenrytVi 

** Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof,** 
But of this king and beggar, the ftory, then doubtlefs weU khoynth 
2am afraid, loft. Johnson. 

The ballad of King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid, maybereen in tie 
Heltfuet of Ant'unt Poetry, vol. i. The beggar** name was Pcndophoif 
here corrupted. Percy. 

The poet alludes to this fong ia Rgmn andjunet, SemjlV. i^t^ 
MAdRUbardlU Stxxvsj^s* 


wni Jfaan ^ulgmr ! ) videlicet, he cami, /tw, mmi 
ami: be came, ene\ faw^ tnuei 9vercame9 ting. 
came f the king f *wfy ^d be ceme f tojee ; tVbj^did 
' / te overcome : To whom came be f te the beggeu^^ 
tfvw be f the beggar ; Who ontercame be f the beg^ 
The conclufiom is ^uiQery ; On wbojejide f the kke^s : 
tfti've is enriched; Oit 'Ufbe/ejlde / the beggar* j ^ Tbi 
frcfbe is a nuptial ; Om nnhofefide f the kiu^s /•— «« i 
tb in one, §r one in both* I earn the king ; ferfoJtoMdM 


mparifon : then the beggar ; fer/o ivitnMetb thy L .. 
• SbsJlI command thy love ^ I may : Sball I enforce 
lovef I could: Shall I entreat th lovef I will* 
t /bah thou exchange for rags t robes ; For tittles f 
\ Fortbyfelff me. Thus, exfeQingtbyreply^Ifro^ 
e my lips on thy foot f my eyes on thy piAnre^ andny 
f on thy every part. 

Thine, in the dearefi defign ofindufiryp 

Don Adriano db ARyxDOb 
I doft tlioa hear the Nemean lion roar * 
rainft thee» thoa lamb, that ftandeft as hie prey; 
oiffive fall his princely feet before, 
iidhe from forage will incline to play : 
if thoa ftrive, poor foul, what art thoa then ? 
L &r his rage, repafhire for his den. 
"in. What plume of feathers is he, that indited this 

letter ? 
kt yane ? what weather-cock ? Did you ever hear 

better ? 
y^. I am much deceived, but I remember the ftile* 
rr'jv. £lfe your memory is bad, going o*er it ' ere- 

while ♦. 
^m This Armado is a Spaniard, that keeps here in 


mm faw] The old copies here and in the preceding line have— /rr« 

i^ofwe made the corre^ion* Ma to if a. 

Thmt dofi tbnt bear Sec] Thefe fix lines appear to be a quotttioa 

Ybme ridiculous poem of that time. WAasvaToN. 

-^ going o^er ii'j A pan upon the word jfi/r. MufoaATX* 

— frnv/>i7«.] Juft now) a little while ago, Johkmn. 



Aphantafm'y zMomarch§^i and ooe that makes Ipoft 
To thepnnce> and his book-mates* 

Prtn. Thou, fellow, a word : 
Who gave thee this letter? 

Cofi. I told you; my lord. 

Prin. To whom Ihould'ft thou give it ? 

Cafi. From mv lord to my Izdy. 

Frin. From which lord, to wmch lady ? 

Coft. From my lord Biron, a good mailer of miBe» 
To a lady of France, that he call'd Rofaiine. 

Frin. Thoa haft miitaken his letter. ComCy lords, 
away ^. 
Here^ fweet, put up this ; 'twill be thi^e another diur. 

\ExtuHt Princefs^ tmdTrm, 

3oj^ Who is the fhooter ? who is the Ihooter ' I 

s A pbMUfm^l On the books of the Stationers* Company, Fck 6^ 
s6o8, is entered, « A book called Pi>/iif/tf/iii, the Italiau Tsfitrsai^ 
h^ \ made by Mr. Arminy fervant to his majefty.** It probably cao- 
tains the hi (lory of Afonarcboy of whom Dr. Farmer fpeaki ia the M« 
lowing note, to which I have fubjoined an additional inftance. 


6 — • tf Monarcbo ;] The allu/ion is to a fantaftical charadcr of tbc 
t!me.<^<< Popular appUufe (fays Meres) doth nourifh fome, neither 
** do they gape after any other thing, but vaine praife and gkrie,— « 
** in our age Peter Shakerlye of Paules, and Monarch* that }imi akoit 
** the court." p. 178. FAkmer. 

In Nafh's Have vtUb you to Saffron IValdtn, fcc% I595> I meet vilh 
the iame allufion :— ^* but now he was an infulting monarch aWit 
« Monarcbt the Italian, that warecrowjiet in his (hoes, and quite re* 
<< nounced his natural Engiiih accents and geflures, and witfied bio- 
** felf wholly to the Italian puntilios, tec.** 

A local allufion employed by a poet like Shakfpeare, ttttffkUa^ 
mortal ft^red that drew in the chariot of Achilles. But fliort fenkci 
could be cxpcdlcd from either. Stxkyknc* 

From a pamphlet entitled A brief difcourfe of tbe Spamijb JtMit tfr* 
4to. 1590* (quoted by Mr. Reed,) it appears that Monarcho figniedii 
London fo early in the reign of Queen Elisabeth as the year 1566. 


7 Comty lords, away»'\ Perhaps the Princefs faid rather ; Cmh 
ladies, asony. The reft of the fcene deferves no care. Joh n son. 

8 Who is the fjooter ?] It fhoutd be, Who is the Juitor f— and diii 
•ccaiions the quibble. « Finely put on, &c«** feem only mai^ginal obfo* 
vations. Farm at. 

it appears that fuitor was ancicjitly proAOUBCcd /boQttr. So, inp* 



Rof, Shall I teach you to know ? 

Boy, Ay, my continent of beauty. 

Rof, Why, (he that bears the bow. 
JFinely put off! 

Boy. My lady goes to kill horn^; but, if thoumarry. 
Hang me by the neck, if horns that year mifcarry, 
JFinely put on ! 

Roj\ Well then, I am the (hooter. 

Boy. And who is your deer ' ? 

Rof. Ifwechoofeby the horns, yourfelf: come not near. 
Finely put on, indeed ! — 

^urltarty 1607, the maid informs her mifbefs that fomc arebert are come 
mo wait on her. She fuppofes them to be JietcJbers, or arrow-fmiths. 

Enter the y^/^r^, &c. 
•« Why do you not fee them before you > are not thefc arcbers, what 
^o you call them, JbMtert f Shooters and arebert are all one, I hope.** 


Wherever Shalc^are ufes words equivocally, as in the prefent in. 

ifrance, he lays his eclitor under fome embarraffment. When he told 

/fieM Jonfon he. would Hand Godfather to his child, << and give him a 

doxen latten fpoons,"* if.we write the word as I have now done, the 

"OMiceit, fuch ask is, is lofl, at lead does not 9t once appear; if we 

write it Latin, it becomes abfurd. So, in Much ado about notblng, 

J>ogberry fays, ** if juftlc6 cannot tame you, ihe (hall ne*er weigh more 

\rts^fotts in her ballance." If we wrire the word thus, the conftable^s 

yWqui'ooque, poor as it is, is loft, at lead to the eye. If we write rat" 

^MMSf (between which word and reafons, there was, I believe^ no difKsr- 

^^ce at that time in pronunciation,) We write nonfenfe. In the paffagc 

alwfbre us an equivoque was certainly intended ; the words /boon/' and 

^Jkitor being (as Mr. Steevens has obferved) pronounced alike in Shakf- 

^■Mare^s time* So, in E£ays and CbaraSiers of a Prifon and Prifonert^ 

^^^ G. M. 1618 : <* The king's guard are counted the (farongeft arebert, 

^ftut here arebetter/»i70rs.*' Again, in Antony and Cleopatra, edit. 1623^ 

L^ (owing probably to the tranfcriber's ear having deceived him),— • 

\ «« _— a grief that Juits 

U •* My very heart at root— #*' 

^t inftead of— a grief thatyl&oo/x. 

&. In Ireland, where, 1 believe, much of the pronunciation of Queen 

|j jEllxabeth's age is yet retained, the word //it/or is at this day pronounced 

.\ by the vulgar as if it were written j^oor^r. However, I have followed 

\ the fpelling of the old copy, as it is fufficiently intelligible. MaloN £• 

9 And tvbo is your deer ?] Our author has the fame play on this 

" word in the Merry Wlvjts of H^indfor, A€t, Y. Again, in his yenut 

^nd Adonis : 

** I'll be thy parkj 4Dd thou /halt be my deer,** M alone • 

Vol. II. A a Mar. 


Mar* Yoa Aill wnngk with her, Bayctj mi iht 
ilrikes at the bmw. 

Buy. But ihe hcriclf i^ hit Jcwtr : Have J hit her new i 

R^f. Shall I came upon thee with an old faj^ing, tbn 
was a man when king Pepin of France was a little )mf 
as touching the hit it I 

Bffj, So 1 may anfiver thee with one ai old, thatwui 
woman when queen Guineyer * of Britain wad a Hall 
wench, as toacUng the hit it. 

Raf, Th&a can^fi mt kit it, kii r/, kii it^ [fingiaf* 

^bou €an ft mt hit it^ my £PPd maM^ 

Msty* Ati I caftn$tt ianmff i^nn^tf 

Cfffi. By my troth, mod plea fant I how both did fir «1 
Mar* A mark marvellous well Jhot ; for they boili ^ 

hit it. 
Mey^ A mark ! O, mark but that mark ; A mark, fin 

my lady 1 
Let the mark have a prick in*t, to mete at, if it majb^ 
Mar. Wide o' the bow hand ! Tfaith* your hand is oo. 
C&jf, Indeed, a' muJi ihoot aearcr, or he'll neVrlil 

the clout*- 
Boy. An if my hand be out, then, belike your haodiiuL 
Ceft, Then will ihe get tlic upfhot by deivifi{ 

the pin'* 
Mar* Come , com e , you talk grcailly , your 1 i pj grow fbaL 
Cofi, She's too hard for you at pneki, Ik; challeap 

her to bowl, 

I ^ fuitrt GMtttvtrl ThT* WM king Arthur'i queea, nMoivr6* 
moui (ot fidelity to hcrhuJfaand*. Sec the ibng of the S^Mmdti>tMf^ 
mU in Dr. Per^y^'i caLie£lfan*^In BeAumooc a^nd FletchcfV Sc^wM 
LaJy^ the elder Loreleft *£S4rel]e« Abigail, ihe old lACOACinciat mtaWi^ 
womm, bythjinime- Sf-fc£viNt« 

1 — ffcedout,] Tlic thsi wai the white mirk it which trtfai 
took thelt aim- The f^in wi» tKe wocxlen bmI thit upheld it* Sxltf. 

J — ij, d facing tht pin,] Hop eft Coiltrd m'tght hive befrit^ 
Dean MiNes, whofe note on i fong in the Ffatdo*Rfs^i^'t EtLA^ 
€xpo(t4 him to fo much ndicide. See hia b&yk p, iii, Co^tird'ilp* 
jjlicition of the wonl^lM might here Jead the Dein to furpc^ the ^\iJ^ 
Jitiei of tht hiSktU But wkat k#i omth c? do with iT^hjcornp ^ 


Boy. I fear too much rubbing ♦ ; Good night, my good 
owl. [Exeunt Boyet and Maui a. 

Cofl. By my foul, a fwain ! a moft fimple clown ! 
ILord, lord ! how the ladies and I have put him down I 
O' my troth, moft fweet jefts 1 moft incony vulgar wit ! 
I^hen it comes fo fmoothly off, fo obfcenely, as it were, 

fo fit. 
Armatho o' the one fide,— O, a moft pl^iinty man ! 
Tx) fee him walk before a lady, and to bear her fan ' ! 
Xo fee him kifs his hand ! and how moft fweetly a' will 

fwear^ !— 
And his page o' t'other fide, that handful of wit ! 
Ah heavens, it is a moft pathetical nit ! [Shouting ivithin. 
Sola« fola! [£;c// Costard^ running. 

S C E N E- IL 

The fame. 
Enter Holofernes % Sir Nathaniel, andDvLL* 

Nath, Very reverent fport, truly ; and done in the 
teftimony of a eood confcience . 


•^ 4 I fear too jhmcL rubbing ;] To ruh is one of the terms of the bowl- 
Isg-green. Boyet's further meaning needs no comment. M alone. 

5 --^ to bear ber fan H^tz a note on Rome^ and Juliet ^ Ad II. 
ft* iv. where Nurfe a/ks Peterfor her/tf». Steevens^ 
> 6 ... J* %oUl /wear /— ] A line following this feems to have been 
loft. Malone. 

7 £/7/^rHoi oFERNES,] There isvery little p^rfonal reHedlion in 
Shakfpeare. Either the virtue of thofe times, or* the candour of our 
author, has fo efi'eded, that his fatire is, for the moft part, general, and 
■s himfelf fayi, 

■ bU taxing like a wildgocfe JlieSy 

Unclaimed of any man, 
7he place before us ieems to be an exception. For by Holofernes U 
designed a particular character, a pedant and fchoolmailer of our au- 
thor's time, one John Florio, a teacher of the Italian tongue in Lon» 
4oD, who has given us a fmall dictionary of that language under the 
^^ of A ff^orld of fVordsf folio, 1598. From the ferocity of thi« 
Uian^i temper it was, that Shakfpeare chofe for him the name which Ra- 
Mais gives to his pedant of Thubal Holoferne. Waruburton. 

I have omitted the pafTages which Dr. Warburton has quoted from 
the preface tp Florio^s Didionary in fupport of hit hypotbefis, becaufe^ 

A a » tl)ough 


if*/. The deer wiij as you know, in fanguis^ — blood *f 
ripe as a pomewatcr ^, who now hangeth like m j^wd ia 

though that wrtccr ma]f i>erh^pi have Uen pouited tt, they 4o not Iffcs 
tci ox 4t :l] I tQ prove the poi nt. M a L a )>f K « 

1 %m not of the learned commentator*! ©pinion, thit the TitiJCfif 
ShaJEfpcire if fa feJdom p«trtin4* tt is of the iiArurr ^ peHbml ta- 
irefllvei t& be foon utimcelUgibI« \ and tht autiioj- that frati^ fd- 
irate milice^ d4i>e^>i* is vnimft p^mit, deftro)fi the futute efScity of^i 
iTacnfictft the cRtem (jf fuccp<4lj*g tl^ea to the Uafb*- 

OWD writings si^'^f 

tcrofi^Jjy- h IS n^ wi^nder, thetfrore* that the Tircaiiiu, 


pfrh;ip9t in the autbat^i riine^* ^/ tl* pUjhauf^ tjv ^ rstfr, cfeoovl^ 
^mony general rcRcOmnn Yrt whtihcr the char<b3cr of HdlofciMi 
vr ji pointed at it^y ptTfktJ^r mtn* I ani« nat wi th ftg^ f t ^jftg tht pb*^ 
rtbiJityoI'Df. WarbuKon^^ comeiftatfi incJimd if» doiitiU Erttyo* 
tdhcref at fung a» he C4n tiinli own nre.conGfrf^ofMp B^wtf i^ 
thii note I confidered the (haraaer o( Holo^llet u bonwned fna Al 
Blsm&itt of Sir Phsi;p Siin*y» wKo^ in a kind of p^orU entattJ** 
rnent, exhibited to qu«en EUimbeth, hai IntJtxtuced i fchooi^ouAsr b 
tailed^ ffeaking a lis^ tjis^tuaga at vMr^, ind puf^lmg kimftlf ial 
ill I jiuditon^ ythh a jargon kSke [b»t of fltUofernci In tbe pr%f«at bU^ 
$idnef himfdf might bring the chArAdcfMin lu\y ^ Ibr, «t P^dOm 
obferre^ the f<;ht>DL millet hit hng been #ne of the ridlctJoui pCffM» 
a^t % In the farte* of thiC to u n try ♦ j o h s i o N • 

Dr. WiirbuitoniicertiinJy right inbli fuppoiltiort ihstt Fierin ^imtitt 
by the cKstraQer of Hthpfntu Florio had given the fifft affront- •* Tk 
^ueSff^jt he, [ifi hiiSVtfffwf r-^fl^M, ^to* 1591,] tJisf: tb*F pUJe b 
EngUnd^ are r<either rigkt c^mtdin% not tigl^t ttaerdin | but rem* 
fentatiofu ^( biflprUs witnoui itoy deeorom/'^The Tempi «f thiCin in^ 
Jt^tiAn are trtnffrrLbod fmm his works,^arcicda.rly the pkfoterb ib<>Bt 
f^mictt whkh ha I been corrupted fomueb*. The ekffeBMhn ^f thiltt-' 
/er, whkh d^ii^iffiykfi/itiVf i& Bkewife a copy of l^is mitancT» We 
*ith much of it in the fojonet^ to h\% patfoos. 

'Mn JtalJe your lordlhrp well hjth feerte 
■' Their manoeri, mo!)umenci| magnijiceiscep 
" Their Imguage learnt, in found, in ftUe, Inlcnfis^ 

" Proofing by profiling, where y4>u hive beenc* 
*' ^^ Toaddc to fore- learaM faculties y^fj/jf it,'* 
Mr. Warton inforroi ut m hjs Life of Sir T^^. i*a/r» that tiiffR*** 
an old play o£ Hskphfrmei a£led before the ptincefa Eli^abtth il dt 
yttr 1556* FAiMEfc. 

The i^etfe* above cited are prefixed to FloJ-io*sT>iCT. f 59! . IfAteiri* 

* — in fanguii, iiW j] The old cople* ft^d^aipth^ if k^oL 

The tranfpofitiort vv jj propofcd by Mr* Stecveos, and ia, I thiakt »»- 

ranted by the taMowing wordi, which are arra^gtd in the fame mtasttt 

*' — in the ear of r«/ff, the Jky,** 4w* The fame exptetli^n octun i* 

" If we be EngKih doTf he then i* ^/W*" Maloke, 
9 r- ^i a poracwatetjj A Ipeciei of apple, formef ly moth efteeme^* 
itli/jif Carhnaria, See Gemidi' Usrbtti edit. 1 J97« p, iXTt* 5txi^* 


th€ car of calory — the iky, the welkin, the heaven; 
and anon falleth like a crab, on the face of /^rfl,— the 
foil, the land, the earth. 

Natb. Truly, matter Holoferncs, the epithets arefwectly 
varied, like a fcholar at the leaft ; But, fir, I affure ye, it 
was a buck of the firfthead*. 

Hoi, Sir Nathaniel, baud credo » 

Dull. 'TvfSLS not SL baud credo, 'twas a pricket. 

Hoi. Moft barbarous intimation ! yet a kind of in- 
finuation, as it were, /» 'via, in way, of explication ; 
facere, as it were, replication ; or, rather, ofientare, to- 
ihow, as it were, his inclination, — after his undrefled, 
unpolifhed, uneducated, unpruned, untrained, or rather 
nnlettered, or, rathereft, unconfirmed fafhion,— to infcrt 
Slgain my baud credo for a deer. 

Dull. I faid, the deer was not a baud credo \ 'twas a 

Hoi. Twice fod fimplicity, bis coSius ! O thou monfter 
Ignorance, how deformed doll thou look ! 

Natb. Sir, he hath never fed of the dainties that are 
bred in a book ; he hath not eat paper, as it were ; he 
hath not drunk ink : his intellcdl is not repleniftied ; he 
is only an animal, only fenfible in the duller parts ; 
And fuch barren plants are fet before us, that we thank- 
ful fhould be 
(Which we of tafte and feeling are,) for thofe parts that 
do fruftify in us more than he '. 


. » — /» the ear of aelo, &c.] In Florio'i Italian Dldionary, CUlo is 
Mined " heaven, the OlU, firmament, or welkin ;** and terra is ex- 
piained thus : « Tlie element called earth $ anie ground, earth, countries 
t^and, fo'tie,^* &c. If there was any edition cf this Di^ionary prior to 
the appearance of Lovers Labour's Loft^ this might add fome little 
firength to Dr. Warburton*s conje^ure, (fee p. 365, n. 7.) though it 
would by no means be decifive ; but my edition is dated 1598, (pofterior 
to the exhibition of this play,) and it appears to be the firft. Malons* 

* — tf buck of the firft head.] i. e. a buck five years old. When 
diis animal is in his fecond year, he is called a ^r/cJ(f/« Malonx. 

3 And fuch barren 'blants are fet before us, that tve thankful /bouid bef 

(fVbich we of tafte and feeling are) for thofe parts that dofruQify in 

us more than be."] The length of thefe lines was no novelty on tjio 

Engliih ftage. The Moralities aftbrd fcencs of the likemeafure* Johns. 

A a 3 Thii 


For as it would ill become me to be vain, indifcrcet, or 

a fool. 
So, were there a patch fet on learning, to fee him in a 

fchool* : 
But omne bene^ fay I ; being of an old father's mindj 
Many can brook theiueatber, that love not tbe<wind. 

Dull. You two are book-men ; Can you tell by you? wit, 
What was a month old at Cain's birth, that's not five 
^^ weeks old as yet ? 

^Pt/. Didynna S good man Dull; Didynna, good 
man Dull. 

Dull. What is Didlynna ? 

Natb. A title to Phoebe, to Luna, to the moon. 

HoL The moon was a month old, when Adam was 
no more ; 
And raught not^ to five weeks, when he came to five fcorc. 
The allulion holds in the exchange^. 

Dull. 'Tis true, indeed ; the coUufion holds in the 

TH'm Aubborn piece of nonfenfe, as fomebo^y has caUed it, waotf 
only a particle, I tliinki to make it fcnfc. I would read: 

And fuch barren plants are fet before us, that we thankful (hould be 

(Whjch we of tafte and feeling arc) for thofe parts, that do frudify la 
tts more than he. 

Which in this pafTagc has the force of as^ according to an idiom of cor 
language, not uncommon, though not (Iri^Uy grammatical. Whatfoliowi 
js ftill more irregular : for I am afraid our poet, for the fake of his rhime, 
has put beioT hinty or rather in him. If he had been writing profe, he 
would have exprefl'e j his meaning, 1 believe, more clearly thus— ^^jr d» 
fruG'ify in ui more than in him. Tyrwhitt. 

I have adopted Mr. Tyrwhitt^s emendation* Some eiamplei con- 
firming Dr. Johnfon's obfervation may be found at the cndofihtComtdf 
rf Errors, Ma lone. 

4 For as it would ill become me to he vain, imiifcreetf or cfioi\ 

So, were there a patch fet en Jearning, to fee bim in a fcbmi.l Tke 
meaning is, to be in a fchool would as ill become ^patcby or low reUoiTi 
asfolly would become mc. Johnson. 

5 Di^ynna,] Old Qo^iti^DiaiJima* Corrcacd by Mr. Rowc. 


• ^ff// raught »o/] i.t. reached not. Steevzns. 
7 The allufion holds in the exchange.] i. e. the riddle is as good whea 
I Qfe the name of Adam« as when you ufe the Aame of Caiji, Wiiat* 


JIoL God comfort thy capacity ! I fay, the allufion 
holds in the exchange. 

DulL And I fay, the pollufion holds in the exchange ^ 
/or the moon is never but a month old : and I fay befide, 
that 'twas a pricket that the princefs kill'd. 

Hoi. Sir Nathaniel , will you hear an extemporal epitaph 
•on the death of the deer ? and, to humour the ignorant, 
I have * call'd the deer the princefs kill'd, a pricket. 

Nath, Fergey good mafter Holofernes, ferge \ fo it fliaU 
pleafe ycu to abrogate fcurrillity. 

Hoi, I will fomething afFedl the letter : for it argues facility. 
The prai/eful princefs^ pierced and prick* d a pretty pieafing 
pricket ; 

Some fay, afore y hut not a fore y till notw made fore V3itb' 
^he dogs did yell ; put I to fore, then for el jumps from thicket ; 

Or pricket , fore, orelfeforel\ the people fall a hooting. 
Jf fore he fore t then L to foie makes fifty fores \ O fore L^ i 
\)f one fore I an hundred mcikey hy adding but one mmre L, 

Nath, A rare talent ! 

Dull. If a talent be a claw, look how he claws him with 
a talent. 

Hoi. This is a gift that I have, iimple, fimple ; « 
Ibolifti extravagant fpirit, full of forms, figures, fhapes, 
objefts, ideas, apprehenlions, motions, revolutions : thefe 
are begot in the ventricle of memory, nourifhed in the 
womb ofpia mater, and deliver'd upon the mellowing of 

• — / bavt — ] Thcfc words were infcrtcd by Mr. Rowe. Malonk* 

* The praifcful ^r/ncr/i— ] This emendation was made by the edi- 
tor of the fecond folio. The quarto, 159S, and folio, 1623, read cor* 
xuptXy'—pray/u/w Malone. 

The ridicule dcfigned in this paHage may not be unhappily illuftrated 
by the alliteration in the following lines of Ulpian Fuiwe/I, in his Com* 
memoradon of queen Anne Bullayne, which makes part of a collefUoa 
called Tbe Flower of Fame, printed 1575 : 

«< Whofe princely praife hath pearffthe prickc, 
" And price of endlcfs fame, &c.'* Stexvens. 

9—0 fore L !] In the old copies — O for ell. The correction was fug*- 
gefted by Dr. Warburton. The rhime confirms it. The allufion (ai 
Dr. Warburton obferves) is to L being the numeral for fifty. 

A deer during hh third year is called a foreU Malonb. 

A a 4 occafion: 


occaiion : but the gift is good in thofe in whom it is acate> 
and I am thankful for it. 

Nath, Sir, I praife the Lord for you ; and fo may my 
parifiiioners ; for their fons are well tutor'd by you, and 
their daughters profit very greatly under you: you arc a 
good member of the commonwealth. 

Hoi, MehercU^ if their fons be ingenious, they (hall 
want no inftrudlion : if their daughters be capable ^ I 
will put it to them: But, ^ir/apit, qui pauca loquitur : a 
foul feminine faluteth us. 

Enter Jaqjjenetta and Costard. 

Jaq, God give you good morrow, mafter perfon *. 

Hoi, Mailer perion, — ^«^7/f perf-on*. And if one fhoold 
be pierced, which is the one ? 

Cojl. Marry, mailer fchool-maller, he that Js likeft to 
a hoglhead. 

Hoi. Of piercing a hogfhead ! a good luftre of con- 
ceit in a turf of earth ; fire ^enough for a flint, pearl 
enough for a fwine : 'tis pretty ; it is well. 

Jaq, Good mailer parfon, be fo good as read me this 
letter ; it was given me by Collard, and fent me fix>m 
Don Armatho : I befeech you, read it. 

' -^iftbehr daughters he czpsihlCf &c.] Of this doable emtemdre, de» 
fpicable as it is, Mr. Pope an<i his coadjutors availed themfelves, in 
their unfucccfsful comedy calicd Three Hours after Marriage, Stixv. 
Cdf^j^/r is ufed equivocally. One of its fenfes was reafonabU\ en- 
dowed with a ready capacity to learn. So, in IQHg Richard III: 
«* O 't's a parlous boy, 
<« Bold, quick, injjC.iious, forward, capable.*^ 
The oth;r wjnts no explanation. Maloke. 

* ^-^mafier perfon.] Thus the quarto, I598,and the firft folio. The 
editor of the fecond folio, not undcrftanding the paflTage, re&dt— ^r/Mr, 
which renders what follows nonfenfc. Perfon^ asSirWiliiamBlackitone 
obferves in his Comment arles^ is the original and proper term ; p*rftu 
ecdcfiae. So, in Ho/injhdy p. 9531 ( the quotation is Mr. Steeveos's,) 
*• Jerom was vicar of Stcpnie, and Garard waSjprryoiK of Honic-lanc.'* 
It is here neccHary to retain the old fpelling. M alonk. 

* — ^ujfi perC-on.] I believe we ihould write the word— perf-<«^ 
The fame play on the yvotdpierce'ii put into the mouth ofFaiJiaff. Stii'* 

The words ore and en were, I believe, pronounced nearly alike, it leiA 
}n fome counties, in our author^s time; (fee vol. i. p. 122, n. 5.) the 
quibble, thcrc'urc, that Mr. Steevens has noted, may have been io- 
tended as the text now (lands. In the fame ilyle afterwards Mothfa}'^9 
<< Offered by a child to an old man, which is witold^ Malqni* 



Hoi. Faufte^precor gelidd ' quando pecus omnefub umird 
Ruminat, — andfo forth. Ah, good old Mantuan i I may 
ipcak of thee as the traveller doth of Venice ; 
Finegia, Finegia, 
Chi tton te njede, ei nonte pregia^. 
Old Mantuan ! old Mantuan ! Who underflandeth thee 
not, loves thee not. — t//, re,/ol, la, miyfa, — Under par- 

3 Fauftey frtcor gel'ida &c.] Though all the editions concur to give 
this fpeech to fir Nathaniel, yet, as Dr. Thirlby ingenioufly obferved 
to me, it is evident it muft belong to Holofcrnes. The Curate is em- 
ployed in reading the letter to bimfclf ; and while he is doing To, that 
the ftage may nut ftand ilill, Hulofcrnes either pulls out a book, or^ 
repeating fome verfc by heart from Mantuanus, comments upon the 
charadcr of that poet. Baptifta Spagnolus (furnamed Mantuanus, from 
the place of his birth) was a writer of poems, who flourifhed towards 
the latter end of the 15th century. Theobald. 

The Eclogues of Mantuanus the Carmelite were tranflated before the 
time of Shakfpeare, and the Latin printed on the oppoiite fide of the 
page. Steevzns. ' 

From a palTage in Nafhc's j^polog'ie of Pierce Tennilejfet H93> the 
Ec/ogucs of Mantuanus appear to have been a fchool-book in our au- 
thor's time : ** With the firft and fecond leafe he plaies very prettiliey 
and, in ordinarie terms of extenuating, vcrdits Pierce Penfiilejfe for a 
grammar 'fcbool ivit j faies, his margine is as deeply learned as Faufte 
frecor gelida*^^ A tran/lation of Mantuanus by George TurberviUe 
was printed in 8vo. in 1567. Malone. 

4 Virfglay rifiegiaf 

Cbi non te njedcy ei ron te pregia,'\ Our author is applying 'the 
praifes of Mantuanus to a common proverbial fentencc, faid of Venice* 
Vinegiay ytnegia I qui non te vedi, ci non tepregia. O Venice, Venice, 
he vvhohasnevrrfeen thee, has thccnot in eftecm. Theobald. 
The proverb ftands thus in Howell's Letters^ booki. fcft. i. 1. 36, 
yenetiaf f^enetia, chi ron te vede^ non te pregia. 
Ma chi r' ha troppo -vedufo, te difpreg'ta, 
Venice, Venice, none thee unfern can prize ; 
Who thee hath fccn too much, will thee dcfpife. 
The players in their edition, have thus printed the firftline; 
** yemcbie, vencha, que non te unde, que non teperrecbe,^^ Steevens. 
The editors of the fird folio here, as in many other inflances, im» 
. ^licjtly copied the preceding quarto. The text was corre^ed by Mr. 

Our author, 1 believe, fvjund this Italian proverb in Florio's Second 
frutetj 4to. 1 591, where it (t.imis thus : 

** I'enet'ta^ chi non ti -vedcy ron ti pretia\ 
f* Ma chi ti veJct btngU ojla^"* Malone* 



don, iir, what are the contents ? or, rather, as Horace 
fays in his — What, my foul, verfes ? 
Natb, Ay, fir, and very learned. 
Hoi. Let me hear a ilafF, a ftanza, a vcrfc ; Leget 

Nath, If love make me forfworn ', how (hall I fwcar 

to love ? 
Ah, never faith could hold, if not to beauty vowed! 
Though to my felf forfworn, to thee I'll faithful prove ; 
Thofe thoughts to me were oaks, to thee like oficn 
Study his biafs leaves, and makes his book thine eyes ; 
Where all thofe pleafures live, that art woold com- 
prehend : 
If knowledge be the mark, to know thee (hall fuffice ; 
Well learned is that tongue, that well can thcc 
commend : 
All ignorant that foul, that fees thee without wonder : 

(Which is to me fome praife, that I thy parts admire ;) 
Thy eye Jove's lightning bears, thy voic€ his drcadfiii 
Which, not to anger bent, is mufick, andfwcet fire*. 
Celeftial as thou art, oh pardon, love, this wrong. 
That fings heaven's praife with fuch an earthly ton^e ! 

HoL You find not the apoftrophes, and {q mifs the ac- 
cent : let me fupervife the canzonet. Here are only num- 
bers ratify'd^; but, for the elegancy, facility, and 
golden caacnce of poefy, caret, Ovidius Nafo was the 
man : and why, indeed, Nafo ; but for fmelling out the 

5 If love mahe me fcrfwcrn, &c.l Thefe verfes arc printed withfone 
variations in a book entitled the PaJior,ate Pilgrim, 8vo. 1 599, M aloM* 

6 .^ thy voice bis dreadful thunder, 

Wbicb^ not to anger bent, is mufick and fweet frt.'\ So, in Attsff 
Mnd Cleopatra : 

•* — — — his voice was propertied 
** As all the tuned fpheres, and that to friends 5 
«* But when he meant to quail, and (hake the orb, 
" He was as ratling fi&<f»^rr." Malone. 

7 Here are only numbers ratify* d \ ] Thefe words and the follovrln? 
lines of this fpecch, which in the old copy arc given to Sir Nathar.icl» 
were f JgbtJy attiibutcd to Holofernes by Mr. Theobald. Ma l on £. 



doriferous Howers of fancy , the jerks of invention ? /»/- 
arif is nothing : fo doth the hound his mailer, the ape his 
eeper, the tired horfe * his rider. But, damofella virgin, 
^as this directed to you ? 

Jaq. Ay, fir, from one Monfieur Biron^, one of the 
;range queen's lords. 

Hoi. I will overglance the fuperfcript. To the fm^m^ 
vhite band of the moft heauUous Lady Ro/aline, I will 
3Qk again on the intellect of the letter, for the no- 
lination of the party writing * to the perfon written unto ; 

Tour Lady/hip^ s in all defired employimnt ^ Bi RON. 
lir Nathaniel, this Biron is one of the votaries with the 
ing ; and here he hath framed a letter to a fequent of the 
danger queen's, which, accidentally, or by the way of 
TO^reffion, hath mifcarry'd. — Trip and go, my fweet * ; 
lelirer this paper into the royal hand of the king ; it 
nay concern much : Stay not thy compliment ; I forgive 
hy duty ; adieu. 

Jaq. Good Coftard, go with me. — Sir, God fave 
our life ! 

Coft, Havewith thee, my girl. \ExeuntQo%'T, and]kfi^ 

Hath, Sir, you have done this in the fear of God, very 
sligioufly ; and, as a certain father faith — 

• —//'r tired fcor/V] was thehorfc adorned withribbands,—- thefamoas 
'ankes'*s borfi^ fo ot'icn alluded to. Lilly, in his Mother Bcmi>ie, brings 
I a Hackncyman and Mr. HJf penny at crofs-purpofes with this word : 
Why didft thou boarc the horfe through the eares ?" ** —It wm 
\r tiring,^* ** He would never /ii'^,*' replies the other. Farmek* 
Again, in JVtat you luiU, by Marfton, 1607 : 

<« My love hath tyr\i lomc fidler like Albano.*' Malonz. 
9 jl^yjir, frcm cne Aloi:Jic!:r Biron,] Shakfpearc forgot himfelf in this 
liTagc. J3.;ucnrtta knew nothing of Biron, and had faid jufl before 
lat the letter Itad been <' fent to her from Don Armatho, and given to 
er by Coflard."* «Mason. 

1 — nvritlng'^ Old Cr pies — ivntten. Corrected by Mr. R owe. The 
lift five lines ot this fpccch were reftored to the right owner by Mr. 
Theobald. Inftead of Sir Natlaniely the old copies have— Sir HoU' 
ftrntt, Correftcd by Mr. Stccvciii. Malone. 

* Trip and go, my fiucet j] I'n haps originally the burthen of a foiig* 
S«| ia Summer's Laji fVul ar^dTf/iiimene, by T. Na/hc, 1600 : 
** Trip an,l go, l»eave and hoe, * 

** Up and down, toandfro.— '* Maloni. 



Hoi, Sir, tell not me of the father, I do fear colour* 
able colours '. But, to return to the verfes ; Did they 
pleafe you. Sir Nathaniel ? 

Nath. Marvellous well for the pen. 

Hoi, I do dine to-day at the father's of a certain pu- 
pil of mine ; where if, before repaft ♦, it fhall pleafe you to 
f ratify the table with a grace, I will, on my privilege 
have with the parents of the forefaid child or pupil, 
undertake your hen *venuto ; where I will prove thofe verfes 
to be very unlearned, neither favouring of poetry, wit, 
nor invention : I befeech yourfociety. 

Nath. And thank you too : for fociety (faith the text) 
is the happinefs of life. 

HoL And, certes, the text moft infallibly concludes it. 
— Sir, [to Dull.] I do invite you too; you fhall not fay 
me, nay : pauca 'verba. Away ; the gentles arc at their 
game, and we will to our recreation. lExeunt^ 


Another part of the fame. 
Enter Biron, njuith a paper. 
Biron, The king he is hunting the deer ; I am coorfbg 
myfelf : they have pitchM a toil ; I am toiling in a pitch'; 
pitch, that defiles ; defile ! a foul word. Well, Set thee 
down, forrow ! for fo, they fay, the fool faid, and fo 
fay I, and I the fool. Well proved, wit! Bv the lord, 
this love is as mad as Ajax : it kills fheep ; it kills mc, I 
a fheep : Well proved again on my fide ! I will not love: 
if I do, hang me ; i'faith, I will not. O, but her eye,— 
by this light, but for her eye, I would not love her ; yes, 
for her two eyes. Well, I do nothing in the world but 
lie, and lie in my throat. By heaven, I do love : and it 

3 — colourable colours,"] That is, fpecious, or fair feeming appear- 
ances. Johnson. 

4 — before rcpajiy] Thus the quarto, 1598. Folio — heimg rcpaft. 


5 I am telling in a pitchy'] Alluding to lady Rofaline*s compIexioD* 
who is through the whole play reprcfcntcd as a black beauty. Johnson. 



hath taaght me to rhime, and to be melancholy ; and 
here is part of my rhimc, and here my melancholy. Well, 
ihe hath one o' my fonnets already ; the clown bore it» 
the fbolfentit, and the lady hath it: fweet clown, Tweet- 
er fbol, fweeteft lady ! By the world, I would not care a 
pin^ if the other three were in : Here comes one with a 
paper ; God give him grace to groan ! [gen up into a tree. 
Enter the King, *with a paper. 

King, Ah me! 

Bir.^afideP^ Shot, by heaven! — Proceed, fweet Cu- 
id; thou hail thump'd him with thy bird- bolt under the 
left pap: — P faith fecrets. — 

King, [reads.] So fweet a kifs ^e goUen fun gi^ves not 

yi tbofefrejh morning drops upon the rofe, 
JU thy eye-beams y nxjhen their frejh rays have fmote 

^ht night of deiv that on my cheeks doi}jnflo<ws ^ : 
Nor fiines the filler moon one halffo bright 

through the t^anf parent bofom of the deepy 
As doth thy face through tears of mine give light j 

Thou Jhin^Ji in every tear that I do lueep : 
No drop but as a coach doth carry thee. 

So ridefl thou triumphing in my luoe ; 
Do hut behold the tears that five II in me. 

And they thy glory through my grief loill Jhoix) : 
But do not love thyfelf'y then thou ivilt keep 
My tears for glajfes, and fill make me loeep. 
O queen of queens, hovj far doft thou excel I 
No thought can think, nor tongue of mortal tell, — 
How (hall fhe know my griefs ? I'll drop the paper; 
Sweet leaves, Ihade folly. Who is he comes here ? 

[Jleps afidc* 
Enter Longaville, luith a paper. 
What, Longaville ! and reading ! liftcn, ear. 

Bir, Now, in thy likcnefs, one more fool, appear ! [afide, 

* The n'tgkt of deiv that on my cbeeki dmvn fiotvs ;] Thii phrafe, 
however quaint, is the port's own. He means, tie dc%tf that nightly 
Jlows daiuH his cheeks. Shakfpcare, in one of his other plays, ufcs nigbt 
fifdtw for dewy right, but I cannot at prcfcnt ucolle^, in which, 



long. Ah me I I am forfworn. 

Btr. Why, he comes in like a perjure, wearing pa- 
pers^, [afidit 
King. In love, I hope*; Sweet fellowlhip in fhame! 

Bir, One drunkard loves another of the name. 
• Long. Am I the firft that have been perjur'd fo ? 
Bir. I could put thee in comfort ; not by two, 
know : 
Thoumak'll the triumviry, the corner-cap of fociety, 
Thefliape of love's Tyburn that hangs up fimplicity. 

Long. I fear, thefe flubborn lines lack power to move: 
O fweet Maria, emprejs of my love ! 
Thefe numbers will I tear, and write in profe. 

Bir. O, rhimes are guards on wanton Cupid's hofc: 
Disfigure not his flop *. [afidi. 

Long. This fame ftiall go. 
Did not the hea'venly rbetorick of thine eye [reads. 

(^Gainft nuhom the tuorld cannot hold argument i) 
Fer/tiade my heart to this falfe perjury ? 

Vonxjs^ for thee broke ^ defer^ue not punifimentm 
jinjuoman Iforfivore ; hutf I fwill pro^e. 

Thou being agoddefs, I forfnvore not thee: 
My 'voiu ivas earthly , thou a hea'venly love ; 

Thy grace being gained, cures all dif grace in me, 
Voixjs are but breathy and breath a ^vapour is : 

Then thou, fair fun y 'which on my earth dojf Jbintt 
ExhaVft this vapour a/oiv ; in thee it is : 
If broken then, it is no fault of mine : 

7 ■-. he comei in like aperjurey &c.l The puniflirncnt of perjaiy » W 
wear on the brcaft a paper cxprefling the crime. Johkson. 

** In tove, J hope j &c.] In the old copy this line is given to Lone»» 
\ille. The prefcnt regulation was made by Mr. Pope. Malonx. 

9 0, rhimes are guards on ivanton Cupid s iofe : 
Disfigure rot his flop.] I iuppofe this alludes to the ufual tawdry dreft 
of Cupid, when he appeared on the ftagc. In an old tranflationof Cafa'« 
Galate§ is this precept : ** Thou mui't wear no garments, that be otef 
much daubde with^flr^m^ ; that men may not fay, thou hzttCanimif^ 
hofen, or Cupides doublet.^' Farmer. 

Slops arc large and wide-kneed breeches, the garb in faihion in oo« 
author's time. Thiobald. 


If by nu broke y What fool is not fo^wifet 

Jo lofe an oath to twin a paradife * f 

Bir. [a/ide,'^ This is the liver vein*, which makes fleib 
a deity ; 
A green goofe, a goddefs : pure, pure idolatry. 
God amend us, God amend ! we are much out o' theway» 
Enter Du m a i n, ivith a paper. 

Long, By whom fhall I fend this ?— Company ! ftay. 

[ftepping afidu 

Bir. [a/ide.] All hid, all hid*, an old infant play; 
Like a demy-god here fit I in the (ky. 
And wretched fools' fecrets heedfully o'er-eye. 
More facks to the mill ! O heavens, I have my wifti ; 
Domain transformed : four woodcocks in a difh^ ! 

Dum, O mod divine Kate ! 

Bir, O moil prophane coxcomb ! [afidi* 

Dmm. By heaven, the wonder of a mortal eye ! 

Bir. By earth Ihe is not, corporal ; there you lie ' , [afidtm 

The old copy rnds—Jhop. The emendation wai made by Mr. Theo- 
bald. Guards have been already explained. See p. 66, n« 4« Ma lone* 

1 To loft an catbtowin a paradife fl The PaJ/ionatt Pi/^rlm, 1599, 
in which this fonnet is alfo found, reads— 'To hreak an oath. But the . 
opposition between lofe and win is much in our author^s manner. 


a «. the liver 'veiftj'] l^he liver was anciently fappofed to be the feat 
of love. Johnson. 

3 All bid J all bid^l The children's cry at bide andfeek. Musgrave*. 

4 ^^four woodcccks in a diJbA A woodcock was a proverbial term 
Ibr a filfy fellow. See p. 290. n. 6. Malonk. 

5 By earth Jbe is not, corporal \ there you rie,'\ Mr. Theobald fays thaC 
Dumain had no pod in the army, and therefore reads— ihe is but cor* 
poral, underlUnding the latter word in the fenfe of corporeal: but ic 
ibould be remembered that Biron in a former fcene, when he perceives 
that he is in love, exclaims-— 

And I to be a r^r^oro/ of his field^ 
And wear his colours ! 
Why then may he not in jcft apply that appellation to another, which 
Ilehas already given to himfclf? He only means by the title, that Du- 
aainis oneof Cupid*s Aid-du'camps, as well as himfelf. 

U corporal is to be confidered as an adjective, Theobald's emendation 
sBpcari tome to b« abfolutely neceflary. Malonx» 



Dum. Her amber hairs for foul have amber quoted ^« 

£ir. An amber-colour'd raven was well noted, ^afide. 

Dum, As upright as the cedar. 

Bir, Stoop, I i'ay ; 
Her (houlder is with child. [a/uU. 

Dum, As fair as day. 

Bir. Ay, as fome days ; but then no fun mail fhine. 

Dum, O that I had mywifti! 
Long. And I had mine ! 

King, And I mine too, good Lord ! [afide. 

Bir, Amen, fo I had mine : is not that a good word I 

Dum, I would forget her ; but a fever fhe 
Reigns in my blood ', and will remembcr'd be. 

Bir, A fever in your blood ! why, then incifion 
Would let her out in fawcers ; Sweet mi(pnfion ! [^ffi^* 
Dum, Once more I'll read the ode that I have writ. ' 
Bir, Once more I'll mark hbiv love cin vary wit. [i^* 
Dum. On a day, (alack the day ! ) 

Lovty ivho/e month is ever May, 


Flaying in the ^w an ton air : 

7'hrough the i^el'vet lea<ves the tvind. 

All unfeen, *gan pajjage Jind^ ; 

^hat the lover, feck to death y 

Wijh^d him/elf the hca^oen* s breath. 

6 ^^ for foul have amber quoted.] ^wo/f^ here, I thinky figflifar 
jr.arked, 'written doivn. So, \n AWs tuell t bat ends %aell : 

** He's quoted for a moft perfidious llavc.'* 
The word in the old copies is eoted \ but that (as Dr. Johnron hai o^ 
ferved, in flie laft fcenc of this play,) is only the old Spelling offwudt 
owing to the rranfcriber's trufting to his ear, and following thepw- 
nunciation. To eote is elfewhere ufed by our author, with the figni- 
fication ofovertakey but tliat will by no means fuit here. Maloni* 

7 m^ but a fe^rjer fye 

Reigns in my b/cod,"] So, in Hamlet: 

•* For, like the hcftic, in my blood he rages.'* STlivilf** 
* — "g^npajjjgefnd]] The quarto, 1598, and the firft folio, ^ 
^^can, Corre^ed by Mr. Theobald. In the line next bat one, ff^j^l^ 
readiog of the old copies) was corre^ed by the editor of the fecoodf<^* 



jf f>, qaoth he, thy cheeks nun blow ; 

Jiir, ^would I might triumph fii 

But alack, mj band is f<worn ', 

Ne*ert0 pluck thee from thy thorn* ; 

fow, alack f for youth unmeet ; 

Youth fo aft to pluck a Jnueet. 

Do not call it fin in me, 

S'bat I am forfiuornfor thee : 

^boufor <wbom Jooje lAJouldfiwear*, 

Juno but an Ethiope tvere ; 

jind deny himfelffor Jome, 

imruing mortal for thy love,"^ 
I Willi fend, and fomething elfe more plain, 
t fliallexprefs my true love'^ failing pain'* 
foold the king, fiiron, and LongaviUe, 
e lovers too \ 111, to example ill, 
lid from my forehead wipe a perjurM note ; 
none offend, where all alike do dote. 
wg. Domain, \^advancingJ\ thy love is far from charity, 
t in love's grief defir'ft focicty : 
may look pale, but I fhould bluih, I know> 
)e o'er-heard, and taken napping (b. 
ing. Come, fir, [^advancing. \ youblufh ; as his, yotr 

cafe is fuch ; 
chide at him, offending twice as much : 
do not love Maria ; Longaville 
never fonnet for her fake compile ; 
never lay his wreathed arms athwart 
loving bofom, to keep down his heart. 

i— mj hsnd itfworn,'\ A copy of this fonnet is printed in Eug' 
I Hmc§Uf 1 6 14, and reads : 

** Bqc, alas ! my hand hatb fwom.'* 
likcwife printed as Shakfpeare^s, in Jaggard*s CttttStotif 1599. 

'^Jhmtty thorn : J So Mr. Pope. The original copy reads tbrotu, 


— • 7»v€ %o§u/d fwear,] Swear Is here ufed as a diHyllable. Mr* 

Bf not attending to this, reads— -cv*ifJoTe«>i, which has beenadopted 

fb* fnUequent editors. Malone* 

— »jpfr«e /nrf'j failing ^tfifl.] Faftlngxi Iwging^ hungry, vfOMt- 

b JOR»S01f. 

yoi. IL Bb I have 



I have been clofelv flirowded in thia bdh^ 
And mark'd yoa both, and for too boA did 1 
I heard your gmlty rhimes, omcnr'd ] 
Saw fighs reek from jroa, noted wdl jemr ftmok : 
Ah me! fayionei OTovct the other cricii 
One, her hairs were ffoldS cryftal die other'a CfO: 
You would for paradife break fiuth and trolk s [lil« 
And Jove, for your love> wonUl infringe u oidu 

What will Bir6a far, when that be fhall beir 
Faith infringed, which foch xeal fid CwtMi^f 
How will he fcom ? how will he fpepd bit mtt 
How will he triumph, leap, andlangbnt it? 
For all the wealth that ever I did iiBe» 
I would not have him know (b mocfa bjr ae. 

Bir. NowftepIfbrthtowhipbypocrif]r.^i [4|^ 
Ah, good my liege, I pray thee» pardon ne; 
Good heart, what ^race hiaft thoo, tbns to icfioif 
Thefe worms for loving, that are mofl in kvel 
Your eyes do make no coaches ^ ; in yoor tem 
There is no certain princefs that tppenn : 
You'll not beperjor'd, 'tis a hateral tlungi 
Tuih, none but minftrels likeof fimneting. 
But are you not aiham'd ? nay, are yon not» 
All three of you, to be thus much o'er-lbot f 
You found his mote ; the king voor mocedidleei 
But I a beam do find in each of three. 

0, what a fcene of foolery have I feen. 
Of fighs, of groans, of forrow, and of teen 1 

4 One, ber bain-^"] The folio reads— 0« her haiis Ibb I ftM 
ago conjeaared that we ihodd read, Om, her baki wc fM 

1. c. the balrt of ont oftbe /sdiet wtrt §fihi fbmr •fmM^ mii 
cfr he other as clear as cryJUl, TiieVinf It iMaUaffld'Ac 
g]rricks pronounced by the two loven on tbdr aaUfacflb. Ob« 
ing the firft quarto, 1598, I have found my conjcam coiAMi 
fo icreadt. Ome and m are frequently dmtnn^&i bi tfat flld^l 
our author*« playi. See a note on K.Johm, Ad IIL Ic. IB. Mai 

5 — 'wblcbjucb Muldid fwear M ^ p. 379. .. ^ Uhvm 
<* Tour eyis do make m coaches }] AUodiag to ft mtiMkmm At 

fontiet : ^ 

« No drop but M a ««r* doth carry ih«.- ftnavut 
The old copy has-^air(^ci* Mr. Pope corseted iu MifcT* 



me, with what flridl patience have I fat, 
) fee a king transformed to a gnat^ ! 

> fee^great Hercules whipping a gig, 
id profound Solomon to tune a jig, 

id Neftor play at puih-pin with the boys, 

nd critickTimon laugh at idle toys ' ! 

here lies thy grief, Otell me, good Dumain? 

id, gentle Longaville, where lies thy pain ? 

nd where my liege's ? all about the bread :— 

caudle, ho ! 

King. Too bitter is thy jeft. / 

re we betray'd thus to thy over-view ? 

Bir, Not you by me, but I betray'd to you ; 

chat am honed ; I, that hold it fm 

break the vow I am engaged in ; 
am betray M, by keeping company 

f'lXh men like men, of ftrange inconftancy •. 


7 TCo Jet a king transformed to a gnat !"} Alluding to the fingingof 
at inCt&f fuggefted by the poetry the icing had been dece£led in. 


Mr. Tollett feems to think it contains an allufion to St. Matthew^ 
u xxiii. T. 24. where the metaphorical term of a gnat means a thing 
' leaft importance, or what is proverbially fmall. The fmallnefs of 
gnat JS likewife mentioned in Cymbeline* St ek yens. 
Mr. Theobald and thefucceeding editors read-— to a knot. Malone^ 
A knot is, I believe, a true lover's knot ^ meaning that the king 

■ la/ d bis 'wrcathtd arms athwart 

His loving bojom—' 

1 long, i. e. remained fo long in the lover's pofture, that he feemed 
dually transformed into a knot. The word /a/ is in fome counties 
ronounced fot* This may account for the Teeming want of ezaft 
lume. In the Tempejl the fame thought occurs : 

«* fitting, 

« His arms in this fad knot*^ Steevens. 
• — critick Timon-^^'] Critic and critical are ufed by our author m 
^fame fenfe as cynic and cynical, Jago, fpeaking of the fair fez as 
karihly as is fometimes the pradlice of Dr. Warburton, declares he is 
nttbing if not critical, Steevens. 
Mr. ateevcns*8 obfervation is fupported by our author's iiithSonttett 
** - my adder's fenfe 

" To critick and to j?fl//^^r flopped are." Maloni. 
9 H^itb men like mrir, o/* ftrange inconftancy.'] Thus the old copies. Sir 
Tkomii Hanmer reads, With v^ff^-like men. The foAlowioji paf- 

> B b a fagc 


When (hall you fee mc write a thing in rhime ? 
Or groan for Joan ? or fpend a minute's time 
In pruning mc ■ ? When fhall you hear that I 
Will praife a hand, a foot, a face, an eye, 
A gait, a (late, a brow, abreaft, a waift, 
A Teg, a limb ? — 

King. Soft ; Whither away fo faft ? 
A true man, or a thief, that gallops fo ? 

Bir. I poft from love ; good lover, let me go. 
Enter Jaquenetta and Costard. 

Jaq, God blefs the king ! [offers him apafer. 

King. What prefent haft thou there ? 

Cofl, Some certain treafon. 

King. What makes treafon here ? 

Coft. Nay, it makes nothing, lir. 

(i%t in K, Henry Vh P. III. adds fome fupport to his conjeQvre: 
<< Look, as I blow xK\^ feather from my face, 
<< And as the air blows it to me again, 
*< Obeying with my vo'ind when I do blow, 
« And yielding to ano Jier when it blows, 
*« Commanded always by the greater guft ; 
** Such is the itgbtneft of your common men.* 
Mr. Mafon, whofe remarks on our author** plays have joftrodtfl 
my hands, propofes, with great acutcnefs, to read 

With iiioo/f -like men, of ftrange inconftancy. 
So Juliet: 

*• O fwear not by the moon, the inconjiant jkm*." 
Again, more appofitely, in As you tike It : <<— I being but a «om(/& yoothf 
changeable,"— iiiitfoj»/?tfw/, &c. 

Dr. Johnfon thinks the poet might have meant»-« With mat /9< 
common wrn." ^ So alfo Mr. Heath: •« With men of ftrange iflcpa* 
itancy, as mtn in general are.** 

Strange^ which is not in the quarto or firft folio, was- added by ^ 
editor of the fecond folio, and confequently any other word as wdl tf 
that may have been the author*8 ; for all the additions in that coff 
were manifeftly arbitrary, and arc generally injudicious. Maloni. 

I believe the emendation [vtf«.like] is proper. So, in Much tk 
about nothing : 

" Inpeaking, why a vane blown with alt winds.*' Stiitii"' 
» In pruning w« /] A bird is faid to prune himfelf when he pickfi*' 
flecks his feathers. So, in K, Henry IV. Part I : 

<< Which makes him «r«ir« himfelf, and briftle up 
" The creft of youth.** Stsevims, 


King. If it mar nothing neither, 

e treafon, and you, go in peace away together. 

Jaq. I befcech your grace, let this letter be read ; 

r parfon * mifdoubts it ; 'twas treafon he faid. 

King. Biron, read it over.— [giving him the Utter. 

lere hadft thou it ? 

Jaq. Of Coftard. 

King. Where hadft thou it ? 

'2oft. Of Dun Adramadio, Dun Adramadio. 

King. How now ! what is in you ? why doft thou tear it ? ' 

9f>. A toy, my liege, a toy ; your grace needs not fear it. 

l9ng. It did move him to paflion, and therefore let't 

hear it. 
Oum. It is Biron's writing, and here is his name, 

[picks up tb$ piecis. 
hr. Ah, you whoreibn loggerhead, [to Coft.] you wer« 

bom to do me ihame. — 
tlty, my lord, guilty ; I confefs, I confefs. 
:ing. What? 
?/>• That you three fools lack'd me fbd to make op 

the mefs : 
, he, and you, and you, my liege, and I, 
; pick-puries in love, and we deferve to die. 
cfifmifs this audience, and I fhall tell you more. 
yum. Now the number is even. 
hr. True, true ; we are four 2— 
U thefe turtles be gone ? 
Cing. Hence, firs; away. 

^ofi. Walk afide the true folk, and let the traitors ftay. 
[Exeunt Costard hW Jaqvbnbtta. 
?/V. Sweet lords, fweet lovers, O let us embrace ! 
As true we are, as flefh and blood can be : 
e fea will ebb and How, heaven fhew his face ; 
Young blood doth not obey an old decree : 
: cannot crofs the caufe why we were bom ; 
erefbre, of all hands muft we be forfwora. 

' Our parfon—] Here, as in a former inftance, (fee p. 370,) in tk» 
l^endck copies of this play, this word is fpelt/cr/bn ) but there bting 
reafon for adhering here to the oldfpelling, the fflodem, in conform* 
f tA )h( role genendly obftrYcd in this editioni it picftnrtd* JI^lon i« 
B b 3 King. 


King. What, did thefis rent liaetfliMrfiMMlofi 

Sir. Did the]r, qootk jroo? Wlio ttm ibe \mH 
Thac» like a rude and {avage maa of IadiB» 

At the firft openinff of ua .(orge6aa cdU 
Bows not his vaflal head ; and, ftrackea Uiaia 

KiiTes the bafe ground with obedient feuMftf 
What peremptory eagle-fightod cyft 

Dares look upon the heaven of her lMOir# 
That is not blinded by her majeijr ? - 

King. What zeal, what fhry hadi ia^ir'a tlMB wvf 
My love, her miftrefi, ii a mciow wmmm, % ., 

She, an attending &ur \ fcarcefeen aliflhau 

Bir. Mveyesarethennoe]rct» norlBnCn't: ... 

O, but tor my love, day woald torn to sight I 
Of all complexions the aul^d fa f ewigiiiy 

Do meet, as at a fair, in her Air chaekf 
Where fever al worthies make onftdighicjr ; 

Where nothing wants, that want itfel/doikftdu 
Lendmethe flourifliof aligettle.tangaet^-* 

Fye, painted rhetorick! O, die needs it aot : 
To thi ngs of fale a feller's prufe bekngt * s 

She paffes praife ; then praife.tboffliort dtidk hlgt^ 

* My love, h^r miftrefsj is ir^elmk 
Sbti an artrad'mr ftar,«— ] 

— Micat inter oauMt 

Julium iiduf, relut inter ifost . 
Luna minoret. Hot* MaloitS* 
Something IJlce this it t ftsnsa of Sir Keniy WottOBf tf-vlttill 
poetical reader will forgive the iniertioo 1 
Tou meaiifr bemmtks tfthe n^gttf 

Tbm polity Jstifff—r ^ftt 
More hy your mumhir tbetwfmr %l#9 

Tfiu eommoti people •£ Hh ^auf 
What are you wbem f£r /•« jMf tip f Jowmwm. 

3 My eyes are then no ey^s^ nor I Bb6o si lleie, a^ ladtii tedb 
ont this play, the name of ^^irdn is acceotM oa the ftcoad MiHii U 
the nifl qua. to, i C98, and the folio i6a|, ht is «lw»t calM^Mh 
From the line before us it appears, that la our aaduic^ flat chs ^^ 
was pronounced B'iroom. Malomk* 

4 To things o/folts/eUtr^M praifeMMf»|1 80 in 0« a«ttsA 111 
5oanet : 

<f I wiU ^otpmifh that pufpoA aoC «»/A»* iUaeira. 



withcr'd hermit, five fcorc winters worn. 
Might fliake off fifty, looking in her eye : 
auty doth varnifh age, as if new bom. 
And gives the crutch the cradle's infancy, 
'tis the fan that maketh all thing's fhine ! 
King, By heaven thy love is black as ebony. 
Bir. Is ebony like her ? O wood divine ' 1 
A wife of fuch wood were felicity. 
, who can give an oath ? where is a book ? 

That I may fwear, beauty doth beauty lack» 
that ihe learn not of her eye to look : 
No face is fair, that is not full fo^black. 
King. O paradox ! Black is the badge of hell. 
The hue of dungeons, and the fcowl of nieht ^ ; 
nd beauty's creft becomes the heavens well'. 
Bir, Devils fooneft tempt, refembling fpirits of liglit# 
, if in black my lady's brows be deckt. 
It mourns, that painting, and ufurpinghairS 
Loald ravifh doters with a fklfe afped ; 
And therefore is ihe born to make black fair. 


; — O wood dlvifte /] The old copies reid— O foord* Tkeemendatioa 
Mr. Theobald*! j and has been adopted by the fubie^uent editors. 


6 .—». Black ii the badge ©/"hell, 

— — r^r fcowl of night,] This is Dr. Warbuiton's emendation. 
A copies— /r^po/. In our author*s 148th fonnet we have 

« Who art as black as bell^ at dark as night. Ma 1.0 hi* 
7 Amd hemtft creft becomes the heavens «;«//.] Creji Is here properly op- 
lied to badge. Black, fays the king, is the badge of hell, but that whick 
mces the heaven is tbecrefi of beauty. Black darkens hell, and is there- 
re hateful : *u'bite adorns heaven, and is therefore lovely. Johnson. 
And beauty *s crefi becomes the heavens well J i. e. the very topf ihe 
iigbt of beauty, or the utmoft degree of faimels, becomes the heatens* 
the word creji is explained by the poet himfelf in King John i 
*• — — This is the very top, 
<« The height, the cre/t, or creft unto the crefi 
*< Of murder's arms." 
U heraldry, a creft is a device placed above a coat of arms. Shakfpeare 
iWrefbre aifumes the liberty to ufe it in a fenfe equivalent to top 01 
«l»s/f heightf as he has ufed)j&ir*in Cortolanut : 

" — to thtfpire and top of pralfes vouch'd." Tot LIT. 
• -• and ufurping bair,'\ And, which is >^ anting, in the old copies, wai 
^Ued by the editor of the fecond folio. Ufurping hair alludes to 
wfafltton^ Vhich prevailed among ladies in oar author's time, of 

fi b 4 wesriog 


Her favour turns the falhion of the days ; 

For native blood is counted painting now ; 
And therefore red that would avoid difpraife. 
Paints itfeLf black, to imitate her brow. 
Dwn. To look like her, are chimney-fweepers black. 
Long, And, fince her time, are colliers counted bright. 
King. And Ethiops of their fweet complexion crack. 
Dum. Dark needs no candles now, for dark is light. 
Bir. Your miflrefles dare never come in rain. 

For fear their colours fhould be wafh'd away. 
King. 'Twere good, yours did; for, fir,toteUyoapbufl| 

1*11 find a fairer face not wafh*d to-day. 
Bir. I'll prove her fair, or talk till dooms-day heit« 
King. No devil will fright thee then fo much ms ihe* 
Dum. I never knew man hold vile fluff fo dear. 
long. Look, here's thy love : my foot and her ftce fee. 

[JbefWiHg biijbce, 
Bir. O, if the fbeets were paved with thine eyes. 

Her feet were much too dainty for fuch tread ! 
Dum. O vile ! then as fhe goes, what upward lies 

The fbeet fhould fee as me walk'd over head. 
King. But what of this ? Are we not all in love F 
Bir. O nothing fo fure ; and thereby all forfwom. 
King. Then leave this chat ; aid, good Biron^ nowprore 

Our loving lawfiil, and our faith not torn. 
Dum. Ay, marry, there ; — fome flattery for this eviL 
Long. O fome authority how to proceed ; 

Some tricks, fome quillets ^, how to cheat the deril* 
Dum. Some falve for perjury. 
Bir. O, 'tis more than need !— 

wearing falfe hair, or perkvigs^ at diey were then calM, befoittlat 
kind of covering for the head was worn by men. See VoL I. p. 17^ 
fi. 8 $ and Vol. III. p. 57, n. 9. The fentiments here uttered by BiiM 
may be found, in nearly the fame words, in our author *f lajth Sooaet* 

y —-/oM« quillets,— ] Sluli/et U the peculiar word applied to lav- 
chicane. I imagine the original to be this. In the Fiench pleadiiiCSf 
every feveral allegation in the plaintiff's charge, and every diSda&fkt 
in the defendant's anfwer, began with the words ju'U tjt $— AtMA n^eioe 
waa formed the word ^uilUti to figoify a falfe charge or an evafive anf«er* 


Have at yoQ then, afFedion's men at arms ' : 
Conilder> what you firft did fwear unto ;— - 
To faft, — to ftudy,— and to fee no woman ;— 
Flat treafon 'gainft the kingly ftate of youth. 
Say, can yon fail ? yoor ftomachs are too young : 
And abftinence engenders maladies. 
And where that you have vow*d to ftudy, lorcis. 
In that each of yon hath forfworn * his book : 
Can you ftill dream, and pore, and thereon look i 
For when would you, my lord , or you, or you. 
Have found the ground of ftudy 's excellence. 
Without the beauty of a woman's face ? 
From women's eyes this dodrine I derive ; 
They are the ground, the books, the academes. 
From whence doth fpring the true Promethean fire. 
Why, univerfal plodding prifons up • 
The nimble fpirits in the arteries ♦ ; 
As motion, and long-during action, tires 
The fincwy vigour of the traveller. 
Now, Ibr not looking on a woman's face. 
You have in that forlWorn the ufe of eyes 5 
And fhidy too the caufer of your vow : 
For where is any author in the world. 
Teaches fuch beauty as a woman's eye * ? 
Learning is but an adjundt to ourielf. 
And where we are, our learning likewife is. 

* *-• ttffieSioiCs men at arms : ] Ji man at arm% Is a foldier armed at 
all points, both ofienfively and defenfively. It is no more than, Tejdditr9 
§faffe8ien* Johnson. 

* — hath/u^or*-—] Old Copies— ^jv«. CorrtQed by Mr. Pope. 


3 taM prifona ar^— ] The quarto 159S, and the foUo 2623, >«><1— ■ 

C)j9m% op* The emendation was made by Mr* Theobald* A piflagt 
Kmg y^f*" may add fome fupport to it / 
** Or, if that furly fplrit, melancholy, 
Had bak'd thy blood, and made it beavy, tbickt 
*< Which elfe runs tickling up and down the veins, &c/* Ma tOW 1* 

4 Tbt nhmb/efymta in the arteries ;1 In the old fyftem of phyfic they 
fnc the fame office to the arteries as is now given to the nerves j at ap« 

ftanfrom the name, which is derived firom aif% TvpiTy. Warbuaton. 

S Tmcbesjueh beauty as a woman's tye fj u e* aW ' 
Wr itttita of boauty tlun aoy auchour. JpaM son* 



Then, when ourfelves we fee in ladies' eyea> 
Do we not likewifc fee our learning there ? 
O, we have made a vow to ftudy, lords ; . 
And in that vow we have forfworn our books • ; 
For when would you, my liege, or you, or yoa> 
In leaden contemplation, have found out 
Such fiery numbers '^, as the prompting eyes 
Of beauteous tutors • have enriched you with ? 
Other flow arts entirely keep the brain ; 
And therefore finding barren pradlifers. 
Scarce ftiew a harvefl of their heavy toil ; 
But love, firft learned in a lady's eyes. 
Lives not alone immured in the brain ; 
But with the motion of all elements, 
Courfes as fwift as thought in every power 5 
And gives to every power a double power. 
Above their fun£lions and their offices : 
It adds a precious ieeing to the eye ; 
A lover's eyes will gaze an eagle blind ; 
A lover's ear will hear the lowefl found. 
When the fufpicious head of theft is ftopp'd • ; 
Love's feeling is more foft, and feniible. 
Than are the tender horns of cockled fhails ; 

6 _ our books; ] 1. e. our true books, from which we deHfC ffloft 
information ;— the eyes of women. Malonk. 

7 In Uadcn contemplation ha-ve found tut 

Such fiery numbers ] Numitrfi arc, In this paiTagCt noduflf 
more than poetical meafuresm Could you, fays Biron, by Jt^uty »•* 
timplat'iont have attained fucb poetienl Artf fMcb Jpritely mumberi, mbivi 
lien prompted by the eyes of beauty f Johnson. 

* Of brautrous rwMri-—] Old Copies— ^^/y^, Contdcd by Sir 
T. Hanmcr. M/^lone. 

^ « — the fufpicious bead of thtft is flopped :"] i, c, a lover Ia porfcitrf 
biamlftrefs has his fcnfc of hearing quicker than a thief (wIm fnifcdl 
every found he hears) inpurfuitofhia prey. Wakburtoic. 

« The fufpicious head of tbefr is the bead fmfpiciems of theft. '* He 
watches like one that fears robbi: g," fays Speed, in the 7mf§ Gvitletf 
9f Verona. This tranfpofition of the idjeaive is fometimea mettrltb. 
Urimmc tells us, in Damon and Pythias : 

" A heavy pouch nvitbgolde makes a light hart." pAtMit* 
I rather incline to Dr. Warburton's interpretation, in fupportofwhklf 
Mr. Mafon obfervcs, that «« the thief is as watchful on his part U ^^ 
perfon who fears to berobbed \ and Biron poetically makea theft a perfits*** 




ove's tongue proves dainty Bacchus groTs in tafte : 

or valour, is not love a Hercules, 

till climbing trees in the Hefperides ^ ? 

obtle as fphinx ; as fweet, and mufical, 

LS bright Apollo's lute, fbung with his hair ' ; 

knd, when love fpeaks, the voice of all the gods 

^akes heaven diowfy with the harmony *. 


9 SitUcViwibmg trees in the Herperides f 1 The Uefptrides were the diugh- 
:n o( Hefperus, who, accordiog to u>ine writers, were po(refl*ed of 
lofe golden apples which Hercules carried away, chough they wereguard« 
i by a dragon. More ancient my chologifts fuppofe them to have been 
oiTefled oi fome very beautiful fheep. Our author had heard or read of 
the garden! of the Hefperides,** and feems to have thought that the 
itter word, was the name of the garden in which the golden applet were 
ept 5 at we fay, the gardens of the TulllerUs, &c. Ma lone* 

> As bright Apollci'i /ute, firung witb bis bair ;] Thefe words are 
> be taken in their literal fenfe ; and, in the ftile of Italian imagery, 
lie thought is highly elegant. The very fame fort of conception oc* 
urt in L\i\y*tMydat, [1592] AA. IV. fc. i. Pan tells Apollo, <« Had 
by /mte been of laurel, and the ftrings of Daphne's bair^ thy tunet 
aight have been compared to my notes.** T. War ton. 
The fame thought occurs in How to cbufe a good wife from a bad, 1608 1 
" Hath he not torn thofe gold wires from thy head, 
« Wherewith Apollo would have fh-ung his harp, 
** And kept them to play mufick to the gods.** Stexvins* 
* Andy when love f peaks j the voice of all the gods 

Makes heaven Hrotvfy with the harmony,'^ The old copies read 
m-msks. The emendation was made by Sir T. Hanmer. More cor- 
ed writers than Shakfpeare often fall into this inaccuracy when a noun 
•f multitude has preceded the verb. In a former part of this fpeech the 
ame error occurs : " — each of you have forfworo— .** Malon e. 

The meaning is, whenever love fpeaks, all the gods join their voicet 
VJth his in harmonious concert. Heath. 

f^hen Lo\t. fpeaks, (fays Biron) the ajfemhled gods reduct tbi element 
ftbtfity to a calmf by their harmonious applauses ej this favoured orator^ 

Few pafTages have been more canvafTed than this. I believe it wants 
10 alteration of the words, but only of the pointing : 

Andy when lovt fpeaks f (the voice of aU^) the gods 
Make heaven drowjy with the harmony. 
Love, I apprehend, is called \\\t voice cf ally as gold, in Timon, is faid 
to fpeak with every tongue , and the gcds (being drowfy themielves with 
the harmony) are fuppofcd to make heaven drowfy. If one could pollibty 
fttfped Shakfpeare of having read Pindar, one (hoold fay, that the idea 
•f mufic making the hearers drowfy, was borrowed from the firft Pythian. 

' "Ttewhitt: 



Never dnrft poet touch a pen to write. 
Until his ink were tempered with lore's fighs j 
O, then his lines would ravilh favageears. 
And plant in tyrants mildhomility. 
From women's eyes this dochine I derive* : 
They fparkle ftill the right Promethean fire ; 
They are the books, the arts, the academes. 
That (hew, contain, and nourifh all the world $, 
£lfe, none at all in aught proves excellent : 
Then fools you were, uiefe women to forfwcar 5 
Or, keeping what is fwom, you will prove fools* 
For wifdom's fake, a word: that all men love ; 

Perhaps here is an accidental tranfpofition. We may rtad* a^ 
lome one has propofed before ; 

I the voice makes all the gods 

Of heaven drowfy with the harmony/* FarmSK* 
That harmony had the power to make the hearers drowfj, dKpcdot 
commentator might infer from the effc€t it ufually produce* os lis- 
felf* In Cintbias Revengtf i6i3> however, is an inftance whkkftMU 
weigh more with the re^^er : 

'< Howl forth fome ditty, that vaft hell may ring 

« With charms all-potent, earth ajlaf totrimg** 
Again, in the Midjummtr Night' t Dream : 

** — — mufic call, and ftrike more dead 

*< Than common i7r«fr, of all thefe five the fenfe*** STXtTSst* 
So alfo in K. Henty /^. P. II : 

•* i ■ foftly, pray ; 

** Let there be no noilirmade, my gentle friends, 

<' Unlefs fome dull and favourable hand 

« Will whifper OT«/ci( to my wearied fpirit.** 
AgaiO) in Pericles ^ 1609 : 

« — Moft heavenly mufick ! 

** It nips me into liftening, znd thick JUmher 

« Hangs on mine eyes ^ let me reft.** Malons. 
3 From women s eyes this doQrine I derive .*] In this fpeech I Ai^nA 
a more than common inftance of the inaccuracy of the firft puUiikns 

From women* s eyes this doSrine Iderhve^ 
and feveral other lines, are as unneceiTarily repeated. Dr. WarboftM 
was aware of this, and omitted two verfes, which Dr. Johnfonhat fiocc 
inferted. Perhaps the players printed firom picce-meal parts, or retainei 
what the author had rejeded, as well as what had undergone his revifaL 
It is here given according to the regulation of the old copies. Stbxt. 
Biron repeats the principal topicks of his argument, as preachers do 
their text, in order to recall the attwtiottof the auditors tO the Aibjcd of 

Mr4Ucourie. Mason. 



Or for love's fake, a word that loves all men^ ; 
Or for men's fake, the aut]iors * of thefe women ; 
Or women's fake, by whom we men arc men ; 
Let us once lofeour oaths, to find ourfelves. 
Or elfe we lofe ourfelves to keep our oaths : 
It is religion, to be thus forfworn : 
For charity itfelf fulfils the law ; 
And who can fever love from charity ? 

JCitrg. Saint Cupid, then ! and, (bldiers, to the field ! 

Bir, Advance your flandards, and upon them, lords : 
Pell-mell, down with them ! but be firft advis'd. 
In conflidl that you get the fun of them. 

Lomg. Now to plain-dealing ; lay thefe glozes by : 
Shall we refolve to woo thefe girls ot France ? 

JCtMg, And win them too : therefore let us deviie 
Some entertainment for them in their tents. 

Bir» Firft, from the park let us condud them thither; 
Then, homeward, every man attach the hand 
Of his fair miftrefs : in the afternoon 
We will with fome flrange paftime folace them> 
Such as the fhortnefs of the time can fhape ; 
For revels, dances, maiks, and merry hours. 
Fore- run hir Love ', ftrewing her way with flowers. 

JCimg, Away, away ! no time fhall be omitted^ 
That will be time, and may by us be fitted. 

4 >mmMW9rd that loves all men\\ i. e. that is pleafing to all men* 
80, in the language of our author^s time,—!/ Rket me well, for ietUafet me. 
Shakipeaic ufei the word thus licentioufly, merely for the fake of the 
antithefif. Men in the following line are with fufficient propriety faid 
to be authors of women, and thefe again of men, the aid o( both being 
aeceflkry to the continuance of human kind. There is furely, there- 
fore, no need of any of the alterations that have been propofed to be made 
in thefe lines. Maloke. 

I think no alteration ihould be admitted in thefe four lines, that de« 
ftroya the artificial ftrudiure of them, in which, as has been obferved 
by the author of the Revifal, the word which terminates every line, is 
fccfited to the vioxijake in that immediately following. 

• — r^ authors— ] Old Copies — author. The emendation wasfug- 
gefled byDr.Johnfon. Malohi. 

i F^rt-runfatr Love,] i. e. Venus. So, in Anthony mnJ Cleoputra s 
« Now for the love of Lgve, and ber foft hours— ^'* Malonx. 



Bir. Allans I allons I — Sow ' d cockle reapM no coin*; 

And julUce always whirls in equal meafure : 
Light wenches may prove plagues to men forfwom ; 

If fo, our copper buys no better trcafurc^. [jSjnmf. 

A C T V. S C E N E I. 

Another part of the fame* 
Enter Holofernes, Sir Nathaniel, and'Djji.u 

Hoi. Satis quod fufficit^m 

Nath, I praife God for you, fir : your reafons at din- 
ner have been fharp and fententious ' ; pleaiant wdtlioiit 
fcurrility, witty without aifedion', audacious witliODC 
impudency, learned without opinion^ and ftninge witk- 

6 —Jofo^d cockle reaped no eorn^] This proverbial ezpfe/fioo lod* 
mates, that beginning with perjury, they can expc^ to reap nothing b^t 
falihood. The following lines lead us to this fenfe. Warb vrtok. 

Dr. Warburton's firft interpretation of this paflage, which is pre* 
ferved in Mr. Theobaid^s edition,—** if we don^t take the proper mea- 
fures for winning thefe ladies, we fhall never achieve themy**^^! un- 
doubtedly the true one. Heath. 

Mr. Edwards, however, approves of Dr. Warburton^i fecoad dkonghts. 


7 Here Mr. Theobald ends the third ad. Johnson. 
^ Satis quod fi'fficit.] i. e. Enough's as good as a feaft. Stsivkks. 
9 Tour reafons at dinner bare heen &c.] I know not well what^* 

free of refpcdl Shakfpeare intends to obtain for this vicar, bat he bat 
here put into his mouth a finifhed reprefentation of colloquial excelkoce* 
It is vrry difficult to add any thing to thin charader of the fchoolmafier'* 
table-talk, and perhaps all the precepts of Caftiglione will Icaicely be 
found to comp ehend a rule for converfation fojultly delineitedy fovi^ 
ly dilated, and fo nicely limited. 

It may be proper jud to note, that reafon here, and in maoj ocbef 
places, Hgnifies difccurfe \ and that audacious is ufed in a good kdt (tt \ 
fpiritedy animated^ confident* Opinion is the fame with olJHu:j If 
cpin'jatrete', Johnson. 

So, again in this play : 

" Yet fear not thou, but fpeak audacioufiyJ*^ St EiviNi* 

* — without affe£tion,] i. «. without aft'edation. So, in ifasi^' 
" No matter that might indite the author ofsfeaka.'* 
So, in Tivelftb X^igbt, Malvolioiscaird «« 9Siafftai9nd9Su Sti»'* 
5 * 0«t 


eat herefy. I did converfe this qucndam day with a com* 
panion of the king's^ who is intituled, nonuDated, or 
called, Don Adrianode Armado. 

HoL No^ui hominem tanquam te : His humour is lofty, 
his difcourfe peremptory, his toneue filed*, his eye am* 
bitions, his gait majeflicaU and his general behaviour 
vain, ridiculous, and thrafonicaP. He is too picked*, 
too fpruce, too affefted, too odd, as it were, too pere* 
grinate, as I may call it. 

NatJb. A moft fmgular and choice epithet. 

[takes out his table-book. 

HoL He draweth out the thread of his verbofity finer 
than the ftaple of his argument. I abhor fuch fanatical 
phantafms*, fuch infociable and point-devife ' compa- 
nions ; fuch rackers of orthography, as to fpeak, dout, 
fine, when he ftiould fay, doubt ; det, when he (hould 
pronounce, debt ; d, e, b, t ; not, d, e, t : he clepeth 
a calf, cauf ; half, hauf; neighbour, 'vocatury nebour s 
neigh, abbreviated, ne : This is abhominable ^, (which 
lie would call abominable,) it infinuateth me of infanie^ ; 
Keintelligisy domine? to make frantick, lunatick» 

Natb. Laus deo, hone intelligo, » 

A — bit tongue filed,] Chaucer, SIcelton, and Spenfer, are frequenC 
Sa their ufe ot this phrafe. Ben Jonfon has it likewife. Steevxns* 

J ^^ tbr a Conical. '\ The ufe of the word tbrajonical is no argument 
that the autnor read Terence. It was introduced to our language 
long before Shalcfpearc's time. Fakmer. 

A ^^ too picked i'\ i. e. nicely dreiTed. The fubftantive ^/VWiv(/i it 
filed by Ben Jonlon for nicety in dreji* DJfcoveries, vol. vii. p. ii6 ; 
•— ** too ta\icn picked nefs is not manly." Ty R wh i t t. 

Again, \t\'S:^\hts JipoLgle of Pierce Pennilefif 1593: **— he might 
iureihowed a^.'<:le<f effeminate carpet knight, under the fidUonate per- 
ion of Hermaphroditu'." Malone. 

• — /i/f/j/rtntfr/Vtf/phantaf-ns,] See p. 362, n. 5. Maloni. 

5 .^ potnt-'de'vife — ] A French exprcllion for the utmoft, or finical 
tza^ncfs. S T £ E V £ N s . 

6 — abbominahle,'] So the word is con(lantIy fpelt in the old mo« 
ralitles andother antiquated bonks. Steevens. 

7 — It injinuatetb me of infanie jl The old copies read— /a/iwiV. 
This emendation, aj well as that in tlie next fpeech, (bonCf inilead of 
i«i!*,) is Mr. Theobald's. Dr. Farmer wlih great probability propofei 
to read— it ii.Gnuateth m^n of infanie. Maloni. 

Inlanie appears to have been a word anciently ufed« St x £ vx N s. 



Hoi. Bom? — bone 9 for bene : Prifcian • a little fcratcb'J ; 
'twill fcrvc. 

Enter Armado, Moth, ^nd Costard. 

Nath. Videfne quis 'venit ? 

Hoi, Video ^ gaudeo. 

Arm. Chirra! [/•Moth. 

Hoi. ^are Chirra, not firrah ? 

Arm. Men of peace, well encounter'd. 

Hoi. Mofl military fir, falutation. 

Hotb. They have been at a great feaft of langaagei, 
and ftolen the fcraps. \to Qo^ojc^ afidt. 

Coff.^K^ they have lived long on the alms-baiket of 
words' !j[ marvel,'thy matter hath not eaten thee for a 
word ; for thou art not fo long by the head as SomO' 
rificabilitudinHatibus ' ; thou art eafier fwallow'd than a 
flap-dragon *. > 

Moth, Peacft ; the peal begins. 

Arm. Monfieur, [to Hoi.] are you not letter'd? 

Moth. YXs, yes ; he teaches boys the horn-book :— 
What is a, b, fpelt backward with a horn on his head? 

Hoi. Ba, pueritia, with a horn added. 

Moth. Ba, moft filly iheep, with a horn :— You heir. 
Ids learning. 

Hoi. ^ts, quis, thou confonant ? 

Motb. The third of the Ave vowels ', if you repeat 
them ; or the £fth, if I. 

* Bo/ii f—ionefor berii : Prifcian d little fcratcb''di'-^'] DimiMuisPrif- 
tutni caput — is applied to fuch as fpeak falie Latin. Thsobald. 

This pafTage, which in the old copies is very corrupt, was amended by 

the commentator above mentioned. Malonk. 

9 -. the alms-bafket tftoords /] i. e. the rcfufe of words. Stiii» 
The refufe meat of families was put into a hajket in our author's 

time, and given to the poor. So, in F\ot\o*% Second FritteSf 159I' 

** Take away the table, fould up the cloth, and put all thofe pieces of 

broken meat into a l/afiet for thc/ror." Malone. 

* Honorijicabilitudinitatibus ;] This word, whenccfocver it comes, a 
often mentioned as the longed word known. Johnson. 

* — tf flap-dragon.] AjJap-dragoni^ a fmall inflammable fubftancff 
which topers fwallow in a glafs of wine. See a note on K. Hiwry Jf^» 
Part 11. Aa. II. fc.u/t. Stekvkns. 

1 The third of the fve vowf/i,— J The old copies read ■ the A^* 
The emendation is Mr, Theobald's. Malonk. 



flol. I will repeat them ; a e, i, — 
Moth. The Iheep : the other two concludes it ; o, u ♦. 
^rm. Now, by the fait wave of the Mediterrancum, 
a fweet touch, a quick venew of wit ' : fnip, fnap, quick 
and home ; it rejoiceth my intelledl : true wit. 

Moth, OfFer'd by a child to an old man ; which is wit-old. 
Hoi. What is the figure ? what is the figure ? 
Moth. Horns. 

Hoi. Thou difputeft like an infant : go, whip thy gig. 
Moth. Lend me your horn to make one, and I will whip 
about your infamy circum circa *; A gig of a cuckold^ 

Cofl, An I had but one penny in the world^ thou fhould'ft 
have it to buy ginger-bread : hold, there is the very re- 
muneration I had of thy mailer, thou half-penny purfe of 
wit, thou pigeon-egg of difcretion. O, an the heavens 
were fo pleafed, that thou wert but my baftard ! what a 
joyfiil fatner would'ft thou make me ! Go to ; thou haft 
it ad dunghill, at the fingers' ends, as they fay. 
HoL O, I fmell falfe Latin ; dunghill for unguem. 
Arm. Arts-man, prgeamhula ; we will be fingled from 
iStkt barbarous. Do you not educate youth at thecharge- 
houfe ^ on the top of the mountain ? 
Hoi. Or, «rtf«j, thehill. 

jirm. At your fweet pleafure, for the mountain. 
Hoi. I do, fans queflion. 

Arm, Sir, it is the king's moil fweet pleafure and af- 
fcftion, to congratulate the princefs at her pavilion, ia 
the pofleriors of this day ; which the rude multitude call, 
the afternoon. 

HoL The pofterior of the day, moft generous fir, is 
fiable, congruent, and meafurable for the afternoon : the 

4 — the other two concludes it ; o, u.l By o, u, Moth would mean 
Ob you ; i.e. you are the iheep ftill, either way \ no matter which of «t 
fvpeats them. Th eob a i. o. 

5 — tf quick venew ofnvit :] A venew is the technical term for n 
l^ut at the fenclng-fchool. Stzxvxns. 

* — circum circci j] Old Copies— tfnvm cita. Corrc^ed by Mr. Theo- 
bald* Ma.lonz. 

7 — the charge-houfe] I fuppofe, is the free-Jcho^U Stszybmi. 

Vol. IL C c wori 


word is well cull'd, chofe ; fwect and apt, I do afTure yo% 

fir, I do afTure. 

Arm. Sir, the king is a noble eentlexnan ; and my fa- 
miliar, I do aflurc you, very good friend : — For what i> 
inward between us, let it pafs : — I do befccch thee, re- 
member thy courtefy; — I befeech thee, apparel thy 
head" : — and among other importunate and moft ferioos 
defigns, — and of great import indeed, too ;— but let that 
pafs ;-*-for I mud tell thee, it will pleafe his grace (by d« 
world) fometime to lean upon my poor ihoulder ; and wick 
his royal finger, thus, dally with my excrement', withaf 
muftachio : but fweet heart, let that pafs. By the world, 
I recount no fable ; fome certain fpecial honours it 
pleafeth his greatnefs to impart to Armado, a foldier, 
a man of travel, that hath feen the world : but let tkat 
pafs.— The very all of all is,— but, fweet heart, I doin* 
plore fecrefy,-— that the king would have me prefeat d» 
princefs, fweet chuck, with fome delightful oftentatiott 
or (how, or pageant, or antick, or fire-work. Nov, 
Bnderflanding that the curate, and your fweet felf, are 
good at fuch eruptions, and fudden breaking out of mirth, 
as it were, I have acqjuainted you withal, to the end t» 
crave your afTiflance. 

HoL Sir, you Ihall prefent before her the nine worthier. 
—Sir Nathaniel, as concerning fome entertainmeot of 
time, fome fhow in the poflerior of this day, to be ren- 
dered by our afllilance,— the king's command, and this 

* I Jo bifeeeb thety remember thy courtefy ;— / befeecb tbee^ spf*rJl 
thy bead:] I believe the word not was inadvertently omitted 1^ the 
tranfcriber or compofitor ; and that we fhould read — I do bcfeed^ tbc0> 
remember not thy courtefy.— Armado is boailing of the familiarity witk 
which the king treats him, and intimates M< but let that pafi»**} thtf 
when he and his Majefly converfe, the king lays afide all ftate, andmakfl 
him wear his hat : ^* I do bffiecb tbee, (will he fay to me) remembtr aot 
tby courtefy j do not obfcrve any ceremony with me 5 be covered.^* "Tfc« 
putting oft' the hat at the table (fays Florio in his Second Frutesy IS9I» 
it a kind ofcourtejie or ceremonie rather to be avoided than otherwife.'* 

Thrfe words may, however, be addrelTcd by Armado to HcAoktvfH 
whom we may fuppofc to have fk>od uncovered from Tcfyt€t to the Sp 
niard. Ma lone. 

9 — da/fy loirb my excrement,'^] The author calls the beard v^Uv't 
gxcremtnt in the Mercbatit ofVenUu JoHNioNr 



- sftoft gallant, illuftrate, and learned gentleman,— before 
the princefs ; I fay, none fo fit as to prefent the nine 

Nath, Where will you find men worthy enough to pre- 
fent them ? 

Hoi. Jofliua, yourfclf ; myfelf, or this gallant gentle- 
man ', Judas Maccabeus ; this Twain, becaufeofhis great 
limb or Joint, (hall pafs Pompey the great ; the page« 

Arm. Pardon, fir, error : he is not quantity enough for 
that worthy's thumb : he is not fo bie as the end of his 
«lub. ' ^ 

HoL Shall I have audience ? he (hall prefent Hercules 
in minority : his enter and exit (hall be (Irangling t 
iitiakc ; and I will have an apology for that purpofe. 

Moth. An excellent device ! fo, if any of the au- 
dience hifs, you may cry \ ivell doney Hercules ! new thorn 
crujbeft the Jnake ! that is the way to make an offience 
' (racious ; though few have the grace to do it. 

Arm. For the reft of the worthies ? — 

HoL I will play three myfelf. 

Moth. Thrice-worthy gentleman I 

Arm. Shall I tell you a thing ? 

Hoi. We attend. 

Arm. We will have, if this fadge not *, an antick. I 
liefeech you, follow. 

Hoi. Via ^, goodman Dull ! thou haft fpoken no word 
all this while. 

Dull. Nor underibod none neither, fir. 

Hoi. Allons ! we will employ thee. 

Dull. I'll make one in a dance or ib : or I will play 
•n the tabor to the worthies, and let them dance the hay. 

Hoi. Moft dull, honeft Dull, to our fport, away. [Exeunt. 

■ •— ^yWi or thit gallant gentleman y^^l The old copy has— ^»^ 
fhis &c. Tne corre^ion waf made by Mr. Steevena. We ought, I 
belkve, to read in the next line— -(hall pafs /or Pompey the great. If 
tlie text be right, the fpeaker muft mean that the fwain (hall, in re« 
pinefenting Pompty ffurpafs him, <* becaufe of his great limb.** MAto^i* 

A ^ r^ f />7f fadge nor,] i« e. fttit not. Stiivini. 

3 Kf#>—- J An Italian exclamation, fignifyijig, Courage ! come on \ 

C C 2 SCENfi. 



E^tir iifi Prifieefa, CATHAitini, RoiALiKi, 
a/td Majiia, 

Priff^ Sweet hcjtrts, we fljall l>e ridi ere wc depur, 
If fairings come tlui^i plcnii fully in ; 
A bdy walPd about with didmotuU I — 
Look jrou, what 1 have from the lovtrtg kin^. 

Re/* Madam, came nothing dfe along wjtfcthai? 

Pritt. Nothing but this ? yes, m much love in r!kMi 
As would be cramm'd up in a Iheet of paper. 
Writ on both ftdcs the leaf, margent and all | 
That he was fain to fcal on C*ipid'« name. 

R$/. That was the way to m Ae his god -head wn*? 
For he hath been five thoufand years a boy. 

CafJ^. Ay J and a flirewd unhappy gallows too. 

Re/ YoiiMl ne'er be friends with him; he kiOMfS 

CaiL He made her melancholy, f^d, and heivy; 
And fo fhe died : had (he been light, like yoe. 
Of fuch a merry, nimble, ftirring fpirii. 
She might have been a grandam ere llic dy*d : 
And fo may you ; for a light heart lives long. 

Ro/, What's your dark meaning, motife % of ihli lk;il 
word I 

Caih, A light condition in a beauty dark, 

R&/ We need more light to find your meaning odt. 

Cath, You'll mar the light, by taking it in fncff*; 
Therefore, 1*11 darkly end the argument, 

Rcf Look, what you do, you do it ftill i'thcdark. 
■ Cath. So do not you ; for yoa are a light wench* 

4 — t^ma^f hUg&d-hi^d w^% |] To vfif^ ancicntjy %t]jiie4 V^rrm- 
%t H y^t fjiid of the tnooii, that (he ^axtt and ^^nti* Sti c ti^l 
'^ — mouft,] Tbit wai a term a( etidcarmcnt formerly. So* i» 

" Ptntb wanton an your check; cat! you hk^mcttfr^** MALO?r>» 

• — raling it ininuSt'i] Snt^J^ it heit uM c<jyivMally f«f tffjff^ 

,ini thc/0vfsfi cfiitd/e. See AT. lifitiy IV, P, I. Ad I. fe, iu* Sti it» 


^of. Indeed^ I weigh not you ; and therefore light. 

Caih* You weigh me not, — O, that's you care not 
for me. 

Rq/. Great reafon ; for, Paft cure is ftill paft care ^« 

Frin. Well bandied both ; a fet of wit wellplay'd. 
But Rofaline, you have a favour too : 
Who fent it ? and what is it ? 

Rof, I would, you knew : 
An if my face were but as fair as yours. 
My favour were as great ; be witnefs this. 
Nay, I have verfes too, I thank Bir6n : 
The numbers true ; and, were the numb'ring tOO# 
I were the faireft goddefs on the ground : 
I am compar*d to twentv thoufand fairs. 
O, he hath drawn my pidlure in his letter \ 

Prin. Any thing like ? 

Rof, Much, in the letters ; nothing, in the praife. 

Prin, Beauteous as ink ; a good conclu£on. 

Caib. Fair as a text B in a copy-book. 

Rof, 'Ware pencils*! How? let me not die your 
My red dominical, my golden letter : 

^ ^ — /•''i Paft cure hftWpaft care.] The old copy reads— ptft rtfr# ii 
ftHI paft cure. The tranfpofition was propofed by Dr. Thirlby, and, it 
muft be owned, is fupportcd by a line in King Richard II : 

Things paft redreft are now with me paft care. 
So alfo in a pamphlet entitled Holland's Leaguer, 4to, 163a 1 «« She 
had got this adage in her mouth, Things paft cure, paft rtfrr,"— Yet the 
following lines in our author's 147th Sonnet fccm rather in favour of 
the old reading: 

" Paft cure 1 am, now reafon is paft care, 
** And ^rantick mad with evermore unrcft." Maloni. 
« ^H^are pencils /] Rofaline, a black beauty, reproaches the fair Ca- 
tharine for painting. Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon miftakes the meaning of this fentence 5 it is not a re- 
woach, but a cautionary threat. Kol'aline fays that Biron had drawn 
ner pifture in his letter ; and afterwards playing on the word letter, Ca- 
tharine compares her to a text B. Rofaline in reply advifcs her to be- 
ware of pencils, that is of drawing likenefTes, left /he ftiould retaliate; 
which ihe afterwards docs, by comparing her to a red dominical leCtcT) 
tad calling her marks of the fmall pox ocs. Macon. 

C c 3 O, that 


O, that your face were not fo full of O's* ! 

Cath. A pox of that jcft ' ! and befhrcw all ihrawt ! 

Prin. But what was fent to you from fair Dumain ? 

Cath. Madam, this ^love. 

Prin, Did he notfcna you twain ? 

Cath. Yes, madam ; and moreover. 
Some thoufand vcrfes of a faithful lover : 
A huge tranflation of hypocrify, 
%Vilely compird, profound fimplicity. 

Mar. This, and thefe pearls, to me fent Longaville ; 
The letter is too long by half a mile. 

Prin. I think no lefs ; Doft thou not wifh in heart« 
The chain were longer, and the letter (hort ? 

Mar, Ay, or I would thefe hands might never part. 

Prin, We are wife girls, to mock our lovers fo. 

Rof, They are worfe fools, to purchafe mocking {o. 
That fame Bir6n I'll torture ere I go. 
O, that I knew he were but in by the week * ! 
How I would make him fawn, and beg, andfeek; 
And wait the feafon, and obferve the times. 
And fpend his prodigal wits in bootlefs rhimes ; 

9 ^fo full of O's!] i. e. pimples. Shakfpcare talks of «^— ^ 
0*i and eyes of light,'* in another play. Stsevens. 

I A^oxof that j eft ! &c.] This line which in the old copief is gitento 
the princefs, Mr. Theobald rightly attributed to Catharine. The metre, 
ms well as the mode of exprclfion, (hew that— *< / be(hrew*\ tke reading 
of thofe copies, was a miftakeof the tranfcriber. Malcmi* 

Mr. Theobald is fcandalized at this language Irom a princefi. Bot 
there needs no alarm,— the ymtf/y^ox only is alluded to; with whiciii it 
feems, Catharine was pitted ; or, as it is quaintly exprefled, ** her face 
was full of O's."* Davifon has a canzonnet on his lady*s ficknefl'eof the 
foxi : and Dr. Donne writes to his After : *' — at my return from Keoti 
I found Pegge had the pcxe,^-~\ humbly thank God, it hath not ouch 
disfigured her.'* Farmer. 

J — iff by the loeck I] This I fuppofe to be an expreHion taken fioo 
hiring fcrvants or artificers ; meaning, I wiih I was as fure of his fer- 
vice for any time limited, as if 1 had hired him. The expreliion wasi 
common one. So, in VitUna Corcmhnaj 1612: " What, are you i« 
ky tbt week ^ So j I will try now whether thy wit be dofe prifoacr.'' 
4gain, in the fVit of a fFoman, 1604: 

<< Since I am in by tbt week, let me look to the year.** 

5 And 


And ihape his fervice wholly to my beheils ^, 
And make him proud to make me prpud that jefts ! 
So portent-like would I o'erfway his ftate *, 
That he fhould be my fool» and I his fate. 

PriM, None arefo*5 furely caught, when they arecatch'd^ 
As wit turn'd fool : folly, i|i wifdom hatch'd. 
Hath wifdom's warrant, and the help of fchool ; 
And wit's own grace to grace a learned fool. 

Rof, The blood of youth burns not with fuch excefa* 
As gravity's Fcvolt to wantonnefs *. 

Mar, Folly in fools bears not fo ftrong a note. 
As foolery in the wife, when wit doth dote ; 
Since all th« power thereof it dotli apply. 
To prove, by wit, worth in fimplicity. 
Enter Bo yet. 

Prin, Here comes Boyet, and mirth is in his face. 

Boy. O, I am ftabb'dwith laughter I Where's her grace? 

Prin. Thy news, Boyet ? 

Boy. Prepare, madam, prepare !— 
Arm, wenches, arm ! encounters mounted are 

3 — wUl/y t» my behefts;] The quarto 1598, and the firft foUop 
read—to my device. The emendation, which the rhime confirm!, wat 
made by the editor of the fecond folio, and is one of the very few cor- 
re&ions of any value to be found in that copy* Malons. 

4 So pofttnuiike ice.'] In former copies>--So pertauntAikt tec* la 
old farces, to (hew the inevitable approaches of death and deftiny, thm 
F$eIof the farce ismade to employ all his ftratagems, to avoid Death or 
Fate ; wbic)i very ftratagems, zi chey are ordered, bring the Foc/^ ac 
every turn, into the very jaws of Fate. To this Shakfpeve alludes 
again in Mtajure for Meafure : 

*« — .— - merely thou art Death's Fool 5 
*< For him thou labour* ft by thyfifrbt tojburt, 
«• And yet rutCft towards bimftilW^ 
It is plain from all this, that the nonftn(t of pertaunt-like, ihould be 
read, portent like, i. e. I would be his fate or deftiny, and, like a^or- 
tent, hang over, and influence his fortunes. For portents were not only 
thought CO fcrebodet but to influenet, 9o the Latins called a perfon 
•licftincd to bring mifchief, //ifj/r />or/r/»rjir»f. WAtBuaTON. 

This emendation appeared firft in the Oxford Edition. Malonz. 
5 None art jo &c.] Thefc are obfcrvations worthy of a man wha 
faaifurveyed human nature with the clofeft attention. Johnson. 

^ '^to wantonnefs.] The quarto X598, and the firft folio have— to 
■mantoKs be. For this emendation we are likewife indebted to the' fe- 
cend folio. Maloni. 

C c 4 Againft 


Againftyour peace : Love doth approach difguis'd. 
Armed in arguments; vou'llbcfurpris'd: 
Mufter your wits ; ftana in your own defence ; 
Or hide your heads like cowards, and fly hence. 

Prin. Saint Dennis to faint Cupid ^ I What are they. 
That charge their breath againft us ? fay, fcout, fay. 

Boy, Under the cool (hade of a fycamore, 
I thought to clofe mine eyes fome half anhour : 
When, lo, to interrupt my purpos'd reft. 
Toward that (hade I might behold addreft 
The king and his companions : warily 
I ftole into a neighbour thicket by. 
And overheard what you (hall overhear ; 
7 hat, by and by, difguis'd they will be here* 
Their herald is a pretty knavilh page. 
That well by heart hath conn'd his cmbaflTage : 
Aftion, and accent, did they teach him there ; 
^bus mujf thou /peak, and thus thy body bear : 
And ever and anon they made a doubt, 
Prefence majeftical would put him out ; 
For, quoth the King, an angel Jhalt thou fee j 
Yet fear not thou, but f peak audacioufly ; 
The boy reply 'd. An angel is not evil ; 
J Jhould ha^e fear* d her, had Jhe been a dfuiL 
With that all laugh'd, and clap'd him on the (houidcr ; 
Making the bold wag by their praifes bolder. 
One rubb'dhis elbow thus ; and fleer'd, andfwore, 
A better fpeech was never (poke before : 
Another, with his finger and his thumb, 
Cry*d, Fia I nve ivilido^t, come <what <will corner 
The third he caper'd, and cry*d. All goes ivell: 
The fourth turn'don the toe, and down he fell. 
With that, they all did tumble on the ground. 
With fuch a zealous laughter, fo profound. 
That in this fpleen ridiculous ' appears. 
To check their folly, palfion'sfolemn tears •. 


7 Saint Dennis to faint Cup'iJ!] The princcfs of France invokes* 
with too much levity, the piAtron of her country, to oppofe his power 
to that of Cupid. Johnson. 

** -—fpleen r'uiiculous — ] is, a ridiculous^f. Johnson. 

• m^paJjionsfidemntearsA %Qy\nA Midfummer Nigkd Dream* 


Prin. But what, but what, come they tovifit us ? 

Boy. They do, they do ; and are apparel'd thus,— 
Like Mufcovites, or Ruffian's : as I guefs^. 
Their purpofe is, to parle, to court, and dance z 
And every one his love-feat will advance 
Unto his feveral miftrefs ; which they'll kno>v 
By favours feveral, which they did beftow. 

Prin. And will they fo ? the gallants (hall be tafk'd ;-— 
For, ladies, we will every one be mafk'd ; 
And not a man of them fhall have the gracCj 
Defpight of fuit, to fee a lady's face. 
Hoki, Rofaline, this favour thou (halt wear ; 
And then the kino; will court thee for his dear i 
Hold, take thou this, my fweet, and give mc thine ; 
So (hall Biron take me for Rofaline,— 
And change you favours too; foftiall your loves 
Woo contrary, deceiv'd by thefe removes. 

Rof, Come on then ; wear the favours moft in fight. 

Catb. But, in this changing, what is your intent? 

Prin. The effefl of my intent is, to crofs theirs : 
They do it but in mocking merriment ; 
And mock for mock is only my intent. 
Their feveral counfels they unbofom fhall 
To loves miftook ; und lo be mock'd withal^ 
Upon the next occafion that we meet, 
With vifages difplay'd, to talk, and greet. 

RoJ\ But fhall we dance, if they defire us to't ? 

Prin. No ; to the death, we will not move a foot: 
Nor to their penn'd fpeech render we no grace ; 
But, while 'tis fpoke, each turn away her face '. 

** Made mine eyes water, but more merry tears 
** The paflion of loud laughter never ihed.'* Malonz. 
9 Like Mmfcovires, cr RuJJiani :] The fettling commerce in Ruflit wn, 
at that time, a matter that much ingroH'ed the concern and conver- 
fation of the publick. There had been feveral embalTiet employed 
thither on that occafion ; and feveral tra^s of the manners and (late of 
thatnatioD written : fothatamaHcot Mufcovitea was asgood anenterCain<- 
l&enttotheaudienceof that time, as a coronation has been fmce. Wakb. 
' — hcr/ucf.] The firlt folio, and the quarto 1598, hav^— i&i< face. 
C«nc^4 b^ the editor of the fccond folio. MALOhz. 



Boy. Why, that contempt will kill the ipeaker*s health 
And quite divorce his memory from his part. 

Prin. Therefore I do it ; and, I make no doubt. 
The reft will ne'er come in *, if he be out. 
There's no fuch fport, as fport by fport o'erthrown ^ 
To make theirs ours, and ours none but our awni 
So (hall we flay, mocking intended game ; 
And they, well mock'd, depart away with &ame. 

Boy. The trumpet founds ; be ma&'d^ the maiken come. 

[ne ladies wujk. 

Bfiter the King, Biron, Loncaville, aWDuMAiN, 

in RvJJian habits y and majked\ MoTH^ MuficiamSytmi 


Moth. All haily the richeft beauties on the earth f 

Boy, Beauties no richer than rich tafFata^. 

Moth. A holy parcel of the fair eft dames y 

[The ladies turn their backs to hio* 
^hat ever turned their — backs — to mortal vieius» 

Bir. Their eyes, villain, their eyes. 

Moth. That euer turned their eyes to wsortal vimus i 
Boy, True, out, indeed. 

Moth. Out ofyourfa^voursy hean^enly fpirits^ voMihfafi 
Ifot to behvld — 

Bir, Once to behold, rogue. 

Moth. Once to behold luith your fun-beamed eyes^ 
w oith your fun-beamed eyes — 

Boy. They will not anfwcr to that epithet ; 
You were heft call it, daughter-beamed tv^s. 

Moth. They do not mark me, and that brings me out. 

Bir, Is this your perfeftnefs ? be gone, you iofi;ue. 

Rof. What would thefe flrangers ? know their mindi* 

* — 'u;}/l nc'cT come in] The quarto, 1598, and the folio, r6aj# 
xead — wil! rV. The correction was made in the fecond folio. Maloki* 

3 — than rich taffata,'] i. e. the taffata maflcs they wore to conceil 
themfelves. Boyet is fnecring at the ahfurdity of compUxneotixig the 
beauty of the ladies, when they were ma/k*d. Theobald. 

This line is given in the old copiu to Biron* TheprcfcAtrefuladot 
U Mr. Theobald's. Malomx. 



If they dofpcak our language, 'tis ourwill 
That fome plain man recount their purpofes : 
Know what they would. 

J?tfX» What would you with the princefs ? 

JBir. Nothing but peace, and gentle vifitation. 

Jlof. What would they, fay they ? 

Boj, Nothing but peace, and gentle vifitation. 

Ho/. Why, that they have ; and bid them fo be gone* 

So^. She fays, you have it, and you may be gone. 

Kifi^> Say to her, we have meafur'd many miles. 
To tread a meafure with her on this grafs. 

Soj» They fay that they have medur'd many a mile. 
To tread a mealure ♦ with you on thi» grafs. 

R^/, It is not fo : a(k them, how many inches 
Is in one mile : if they have meafur'd many. 
The meafure then of one is eafily told. 

Bey. If, to come hither you have meafur'd miles. 
And many miles ; the princefs bids you tell. 
How many inches do fill up one mile. 

Btr. Tell her, we meafure them by weary ftcpt . 

Boy, She hears herfelf. 

Ro/. How many weary fteps. 
Of many weary miles you have o'ergone. 
Are numbered in the travel of one mile ? 

B/r. We number nothing that we fpend for you ; 
Our duty is fo rich, fo infinite. 
That we may do it flill without accompt. 
Vouchfafe to fhew the funfhine of your face, 

4 To tread a meafure f] The meafures were dances folemn and flow* 
So, in Orcbefiray a poem by Sir John Davies, 1621: 
** —— all the feet whercoa thefc meajurgs go, 
'* Are only fpondccs, fo/emnt gravtt and flow.^* 
They were performed at Court, and at publick cntertainmenti of the 
focietiet of law and equity, at their halls, on. particular occafions. It 
was formerly not deemed inconfiftent with propriety even for the graveft 
petf-jns to join in them ; and accordingly at the reveU which were ce« 
lebntcd at the inns of court, it has not been unufual for the firft cha- 
rafters of the law to become performers in treadiitg^be meajures, Seo 
i ^'a%Ai\t's Origines Judidalcs. Rced. 

See Beatrice's dcfcriptlon of this daace in Mt/fb ado about Notbing^ 
?•»»$• MAtom, 



That we, like favages, may worfliip it. 

Rof, My face is but a moon, and clouded too. 

King, BlefTed are clouds, that do as fuch clouds do ! 
Vouchfafe, bright moon, and thefe thy ilars ^, to jQunc 
(Thofe clouds removed) upon our watry eyne. 

Rof. O vain petitioner I beg a greater matter ; 
Thou now rcqueft'ft but moon-fhine in the water. 

King. Then in our meafure do but vouchfafe one change; 
Thou bid 'ft me beg : this begging is not flrange. 

Rof. Play, mufick, tlien : nay you mull do it foon. 

Not yet 'y — no dance : — thus change I like the moon. 

King. Will you not dance ? How come you thus cflrang'd? 

RoJ, You took the moon at full ; but now (he's chang*d« 

King, Yet ftilf Ihe is the moon, and I the man •. 
The mufick plays ; vouchfafe fome motion to it. 

Rof, Our ears vouchfafe it. 

King, But your legs fhould do it. 

Ro/, Since you are ftrangers, and come here by chancCt 
We'll not be nice : take hands ; — we will not dance* 

King, Why take we hands then ? 

Ro/, Only to part friends : 
Court 'fy, fweet hearts** ; and fo the meafure ends. 

King, More meafure of this meafure ; be not nice. 

Rqf, Wc can afford no more at fuch a price. 

King, Pi ize you yourfelves ; What buys your company ? 

RoJ. Your absence only. 

King, That can never be. 

RoJ, Then cannot we be bought : and fo adieu ; 
Twice to your vifor, and half once to you ! 

King, If you deny to dance, let's hold more chat. 

Ro/, In private then. 

King, I am bell pleas 'd with that. [They con'ver/e afarU 

5 Vouchjafe, hnglt mocn^ and ttefe thy Jiars,^'\ When qo€Cfl 
Elizabeth afkcj an ambafllidour how he liked her Udies, Ji is hsrJ, 
fa d he, to judge (ffian in the prefcnce cf the fun, JoH K son. 

• — tie man,} 1 fufpcdt, that a line which rhimed with this, i»« 
fceenlod. Malom. 

^_ CouiViyy J7vctt tc^rii,'] See Vol. I. p. 26: 

«« Qurtyied when you have, and kil8*d«*** Malpn jr« 



Bir. White-handed miftrefs, one fwcet word with thee. 

Frin* Honey, and milk, and fugar ; there is three. 

Bir. Nay then, twotrevs, (an if you growfo nice,) 
Metheglin, wort, and malmfcy ; — well run, dice I 
There's half a dozen fweets. 

Prin. Seventh fwcet, adieu ! 
Since you can cog^, I'll play no more with you. 

Bir. Onewordinfecrct. 
• Frin. Let it not be fweet. 

Bir. Thou griev'ft my gall. 

Frin. Gall? bitter. 

Bir. Therefore meet. \X^'y ^^^'^^fi apart ^ 

Dum. Will you vouchfafe with me to change a word? 

Mar. Name it. 

Dum. Fair lady, — 

Mar. Say you fo ? Fair lord,— 
Take that tor your fair lady. 

Dum. Pleafe it you. 
As much in private, and I'll bid adieu. 

[Thei^ coHVirfe apart. 

Catb. What, was your vifor made without a tongue ? 

Long. I know the reafon, ladjr, why you afk. 

Cath. O, for your reafon! quickly, fir; I long. 

Long. Vou have a double tongue within your mafk. 
And would afford my fpeechlefs vizor half. 

Catb. Veal, quoth the Dutchman * ; Is not veal a calf? 

Long. A calf, fair lady? 

Cati. No, a fair lord calf. 

Long, Let's part the word. 

Catb. No, I'll not be your half: 
Take all, and wean it ; it may prove an ox. 

Long. Look, how you butt yourfelf in thefc fiiarp 
mocks ! 
Will you give horns, challe lady ? do not fo. 

Catb. Then die a calf, before your horns do grow. 

7 Shee you can co^,1 Toco^yt\%n\fititofalfifytbedUey zuAt9fd!fify 
i narrat'rve, or to lye, Johnson. 

* Veal, quoth the Dutchman } — ] I fuppofe by vealy flic means wf//, 
(otinded as foreigners ufually pronounce that word ; and introduced 
meitl^ for the fake of the fubfequcnt queflion. M alon z. 



Long. One word in private with you, ere I die. 

Cath. Bleat foftly then, the butcher hears you cry. 

\Tbey coH^er/i apmi, 

Soy. The tongues of mocking wenches are as keen 

As is the razor's edge invifiblc. 
Cutting a fmaller hair than may be feen ; 

Above the fenfe of fenfe : fo fenfiblc 
Seemeth their conference ; their conceits have wlnes# 
Fleeter than arrows, bullets, wind, thought, fwifterthiJigs. 

Ro/. Not one word more, my maids; break oS, 
break off. 

£ir. By heaven, all dry-beaten with pure fcoiF! 

King, Farewell, mad wenches ; you have fixnple wits, 

Prifi. Twenty adieus, my frozen Mufcovitcs.*— 
[Exeunt King, Lords, Mot h , Mufici, and AtUnitatu 
Are thefe the breed of wits fo wonder'd at ? 

Boy. Tapers they are, with your iweet breatln 
pufPd out. 

Tiof. Well-liking wits *> the)rhave; grofs^grofs; fat,&t. 

Frin. O poverty in wit, kingly-poor flout ! 
Will they not, think you, hang themfelves toniglit? 

Or ever, but in vizors, (hew their faces ? 
This pert Biron was out of countenance quite. 

RoJ\ O, they were all in lamentable cafes ' ! 
The king was weeping-ripe for a good word. 

Prin, Biron did fwear himfelf out of all fait. 

Mar. Dumain was at my fervice, and his fword : 

No pointy quoth I * ; my fervant ftraight was mute. 

Cath. Lord Longaville faid, I came o'er hisheart; 
And trow you, what he call'dme ? 

Prin. Qualm, perhaps. 

9 WeU-Viymg wits — ] Wcll-akini it the fame as tmh%mp9iMt* So, li 
Joby cb, xxxix, V. 4. « — Their young ones arc in goo^-iikiinr.** Srilt* 

I O / they Huert all &c.] O, which is not found in the firft qnartow 
folio, was added by the editor of the fecond folio. MAtOMX. 

* No point, quoth / j] Point in French is an adverb of negation; but, 
if properly fpoken, is not founded like the point of a fwoid. A qiiUlef 
however, is intended. From this and other paflages it appears, c^'< 
cither our author was not well acquainted with the pioaunciatioB ^ 
the French language, or it was difierent formerly from what ili« *< 
prtfent. Malons. 



Cath. Yes, in good faith. 

Prin. Go, ficknefs as thou art ! 

Ro/. Well, better wits have worn plain flatute-caps '. 
But will you hear ? the king is my love fworn. 

Prin. And quick Biron hath plighted faith to me. 

Catb* And Longaville was for my fervice born. 

Mar, Dumain is mine, as fure as bark on tree. 

Boj. Madam, and pretty miftreflfes, give ear : 
Immediately they will again be liere 
In their own ihapes ; for it can never be. 
They will dieeil this harfti indignity. 

Prin. Will they return? 

Bty. They will, they will, God knows ; 
And leap for joy, though they are lame with blows : 
Thereibre, change favours ; and, when they repair. 
Blow like (weet rofes in this fummer air. 

Prim. How blow ? how blow ? fpeak to be underflood* 

Boj. Fair ladies, mafk'd, are rofes in their bud : 

3 '^ Bitter win have tvorn plain ftatute-caps^l This line is not uni- 
verfally uoderftood, becaufe every reader does not know that a ftatutc*- 
cap is part of the academical habit. Lady Rofaline declares that her 
txpeftatioa was difappointed by thefe courtly ftudents, and that better 
vit$ might be found in the common places of education. Johnson. 

jy^aolUucaps were enjoined by ad of parliament, in the year 1571, 
the 13th of ^ueen Elizabeth, to be worn by all above Hx years of age 
(except the nobility and fome others) on fabbath days and holy-daysy 
Wider the penalty of ten groats. Grey. 

I tbinkmy own iaterpretation of this is right. Johnson. 

Probably the meaning is — better wits may be/ound among the citixeusp 
nho are not in general remarkable for fallies of imagination. In Mar- 
fton*s Dutch Courtezan f 1605, Mrs. MuUigrub fays, — ** though my 
hoiband be a citizen^ and his cap^s made of ivgoI, yet I have wit.** 
Again, in the Family of Love , 1608 : « *Tis a law ena^d by the com- 
non-council offtatutecapsJ** Again, in Newts from Hell , hrought by 
the De^iTi carrier f 1606: « —in a bowling alley^ imfiat^apfiiinc a 
Ptp'keeper,*'' Steevins. 

The ftatute mentioned by Dr. Grey was repealed in the year 1597* 
The epithet by which thefe ftatute caps are defcribed, *' plain ftatute 
caps,** induces me to believe the interpretation given in the preceding 
Bote by Mr. Steevens, the true one. The king and his lords probably 

vote bats adorned with feathers^ So they are reprefented in the print 

fie&ied to this play in Mr. Rowe*f editioo> probably from fome ftage 

*»<ition. Malovi. 



DifmaikM, their damaik Aveet commixture fhewn^ ' 
Are angels vailing clouds, or rofes blown *. 

Prin, A vaunt, perplexity ! What fhall we do. 
If they return in their own Ihapes to woo ? 

RoJ\ Good madam, if by me you'll be adyis'd. 
Let's mock them ftill, as well known, as difguis'd : 
Let us complain to them what fools were here, 
Difguis'd like Mufcovites, in ftiapelefs gear ' ; 
And wonder, what they were ; and to what end 
Their (hallow fhows, and prologue vilely penn'd. 
And their rough carriage fo ridiculous. 
Should be prei'ented at our tent to us. 

Boy. Ladies, withdraw ; the gallants are at hand. 

Prin, Whip to our tents, as roes run over land. 

\Exeunt Princefs*^, Ros. Cat, andlkkU 

£nter the King, Biron, Longaville, amfDuuAin, 
in their proper habits. 
King, Fair fir, Godfave you ! Where's the princefs^ 
Boy, Gone to her tent : Pleafe it your majefty. 
Command me any fervice to her thither ? 

King, That (he vouchfafe me audience for one word. 
Boy^ I will; and fo will ftie, I know, my lord. 

Bir, This fellow pecks ^ up wit, as pigeons peas* ) 
And utters it again when God doth pleafe : 


4 jire angels vailing c/ouds, or rofes hlown*'] Ladies mmmaji% (^^ 
"Boyctf are like angels vailing clouds y or letting thofe clouds whkbob- 
fcurcd their brightnefs, ftnkfrom before them. Johnson. 

To avale comes from the Fr. avaly [Tcrmc dc batelierj down, down* 
lAard, down the (Ircam. So, in Laneham's Narrative efSlueen Efntd- 
ketys Entertainment at Keneiwortb-Cafi/ef 1575 : **— as on a fca-flMW* 
when the water is avaiPd.'* Stekvens. 

5 — (hapelefs^ftfrj] ^ib<7^^/f/i for uncouth. Wakbukton* 

6 Exeunt Princefs, &c.] Mr. Theobald ends the fourth z€t here. 


7 Tbisfelhvj pecks—] This is the reading of the firft quarto. Tfc« 
folio has — picks, Malone. 

J» — . «ai pigeons peas }] ThisexpreHion is proverbial i 
*< Children pick up words as pigecns peas, 

<< And utter them again as God fliall pleafe.^ 1^ 

See Jiay\ ColUBion* Stkevens. ^- 



wit*s pedler ; and retails his wares 
ikes» and waflels '\ meetings, markets, fairs; 
we that fell by grofs, the Lord doth knoWf 
not the grace to grace it with fuch fhow^ 
gallant pins the wenches on his fleeve ; 
he been Adam, he had tempted Eve: 
in carve too, and lifp ' : Why, this b bt, 
kifsM his hand away in coortefy ; 
is the ape of form, monfieur the nice, 
, when he plays at tables, cliides the djct 
nourable terms ; nay, he can fing 
an * moft meanly ; and, in uihering* 1 
I him who can : the ladies call him, fv^eef ,$ 
ftairs, as he treads on them, kifs his feet : 
is the flower that fmiles on every ope, 
ew his teeth as white as whales bone ' : 
confciences, that will not die in debt, 
im the doe of honey-tongued Boyet. 
fg. A bliiler on his fweet tongue, with my hdart^ 
put Armado's page out of his part ! 

■ wafTeli,] tf^afilt vftrt meetiogt of ruftic mirth and iiiteinper<» 


f bea/f chat it, be of health, was a falntation fMt afed by the ladf 
la to King Vocri^r. Afeerwardt it became a cudpin in villagea^ 
V year's eve and twelfth- night, to carry a ff^ajel or H^affail bowl 
oufe to houfe, which was prefented with the 5axon words above 
ned. Hence in procefs of time w^|^fignified intemperance lA 
ig, and alfo a meeting for the purposes of feftlvity. M a lon i* 
4 €mn carve f^t and lifpt] 1 cannot cog, (fays Falftaff' in tb€ 
fFives of H^indfor, ) and fay, thou art this and that, like a many 
e iifping hawthorn budi, that come like women in men*t ap« 
•/* On the fubjeft of rtfr^/mj^ fee Vol. I. p. 109, my. Malons* 
' mean—] Themrtfn, in mufic, is the tenor. Stxetxns. 
' Mf vfhzhs hone :] The Saxon genitive cafe. So, in the Mid* 

■ Night'' g Dream : 

« Swifter than the mtones fphere*** 
tU be remembered that fome of our ancient writers fuppofe ivprf 
art of the honeg of a whale. The fame fimile occurs in the blade 
omanct of Sir EgiamourttfArteysf In that of Sir Jfinhrasy and 
Sfuire of low degree* Stebvxns. 

white at whales hoHeU a proverbial comparifon in the oldpoett* 
enier's Faey S^yeetty b« iii. c« I* ft* 15 } and Lord Suney, folitf 
it 1567- T. WAaTON. 

L. II* D d M9tir 


MHtif the Princcfs, ujher^d by Boybt ; Rosaline^ Ma- 
RiA» Catharine, and attindants. 
Sir. Sec, where it comes I—Behavioar^ what wcrt 
thou ♦, 
Till this mad man fhew'd thee ? and what art thoa now? 
Xing. All hail, fweet madam, and fair time of daj \ 
Prin. Fair, in all hail, is foul, as I conceive. 
King. Conflrue my fpccches better, if you may. 
Frin. Then wifti me better, I will give you leave. 
King. We came to vifit you : and pnrpofe now 

To lead you to our court : vouchlafe it then. 
Trin. This field fhall hold me ; and fo hold your voir I 

Nor God, nor f, delight in perjur'd men. 
King. Rebuke me not for that which you provdce ; 

The virtue of your eye muft break my oath *. 
Prin. You nick-name virtue : vice you fhoold lnvC 
For virtue's office never breaks men's trotk. 
Now, by my maiden honour, yet as pure 

As the unfully'd lily, I proteft, 
A world of torments though I fhould endure^ 

I would not yield to be your houfe's gucft : 
So much I hate a breaking caufe to be 
Of heavenly oaths, vow'd with integrity. 
King. O, you have liv'd in defolation here^ 

Unfeen, unvifited, much to our fhame. 
Prin. Not fo, my lord ; it is not fo, I fwear ; 
We have had pailimes here, and pleafant game % 
A mefs of Ruffians left us but of late. 
King, How, madam ? Ruffians ? 
Prin. Ay, in truth, my lord ; 
Trim gallants, full of courtfhip, and of ftate. 
- Ro/. Madam, fpeak true : — It is not fo, my lord : 

4 — - Behiviour, wbmt were thou,] B^bavhar here fif nifie*— <0»tif 
or ftudied manners. Malone. 

5 Tbe virtue of your eye niuft break my oatb.] I believe the wtM 
means that the virtuef in which word goodneft and/owcr are both COS* 
prifed, muft dtjj'olve the obligation of the oath. The princeft, i«^ 
iofwer^ takes the moil iavidious pvt of the ambtiaity. Jorksoit* 




tAj lady> (to the manner of the days,) 
In coortefy, gives ondeferving praife. 
We four, indeed > confronted were with four 
In Ruffian habit : here they ftay'd an hour. 
And talk'd apace ; and in that hour my lord. 
They did not blefs us with one happy word. 
I dare not call them fools ; but this I think> 
When they are thirfty, fools would fain have drink. 

Bir. This jeft is dry to me. — My gentle fweet*. 
Your wit makes wife things foolilh : when we greet ' 
With eyes beft feeing heaven's fiery eye. 
By lignt we lofe light : Your capacity 
Is of that nature, that to your huge, (lore 
Wife things fcem foolifh, and rich things tut poor. 

Ro/l This proves you wife and rich ; for in my eye, — 

Bir, I am a fool, and full of poverty. 

Ro/, But that you take what doth to you l^elong. 
It were a fault to fnatch words from my toneue. 

£ir. O, I am yours, and all that I poiTels. 

Rc/l All the fool mine ? 

JBir. I cannot give you lefs. 
. Mo/. Which ofthe vizors was it, that yoa wore ? 

£ir. Where ? when ? what vizor? why demand you this? 

Ro/. There, then, that vizor; that iuperfluous cafe. 
That hid the worfe, and fhew'd the better face. 

JCtMg. We are defcry'd : they'll mockus now downright. 

Dum. Let us confefs, and turn it to a jeft. 

• My gentie /toeetf] The word my, which it wanting in the fifft 
quarto, and folio, I have fupplied. Sweet it generally ufed at a fubftan* 
tire by our author, in his addreflet to ladies. So, In TbtJFi»Nr*tTitiit 
<• — When you fjxeak, fwtet, 

•* I'd have you do it evcr.**^ ^ 

Again, in the Merchant of Venice s 

" And now, good fwett, fay thy opiidont** 
Kplup Iti Otbillo : 

*• O, my fweei, 
** I prattle out of tune.'* 
The editor of the fecond folio, with left probability, (as St appears to 
tte,) leads— /«;>, gentle, fweet. M a l o n £ . . 
' 7 — foben vit gtut 4(C.] This it a very lofty iJld elegant compU^ 


D d 2 PriMp 


Prin. Amaz'd, my lord ? Why looks year highnefs Mt 
Rof. Help, hold his brows ! he'll fwooa I Why look jw 
pale ? — 
Sea-fick, I think, coming from Ajlufcovy. 
Bir, Thus poor the flars down plagues for peijnrj; 
Can any race of brafs hold longer out ?-— 
Here Hand I, lady ; dart thy (kill at me ; 

Bruife me with fcorn, confound me with a float f 
Thruft thy iharjp wit quite through my ignorance ; 

Cut me to pieces with thy keen conceit ; 
And I will wifh thee never more to dance> 
Nor never more in Ruffian habit wait. 

! never will I truft to fpeeches penn'd. 
Nor to the motion of a fchool-boy 's tongae ; 

Kor never come in vizor to my friend ; 

Nor woo in rhime, like a blind harper's (bng t 
TaiFata phrafes, filken terms precife> 

Three-pird hyperboles, fpruce a£Fedion'> 
Figures pedantical ; thefe fummer-flies 

Have blown me full of maggot oftentation: 

1 do forfwear them : and I here proteft. 

By this white glove, (how white the hand, God koovs !} 
Henceforth my wooing mind fhall be exprefs'd 

In ruflet yeas, and honed kerfey noes : 
And, to begin, wench, — fo God help me, la !— • 
My love to thee is found, fans crack or flaw. 

Rof. SanS^i*/, I pray you ^ 

' Three piVd byptrbcUsy fpruce afTe^tion,] The modfirn e^Mf^ 
wmm^jfeffatioH, There it no need of change. We already in thti pbf 
'have had affeSion for affeBatkm \ — « witty without t^eCtim^ Tte 
word waiuied by ourantnor and his contemporaries, at a quadriQflltUe) 
and the rhime fuch as they thought fufficient. Malonjt. 
• Three-pil'd i&j^^rr^o/ri,] A metaphor frono the pUe ofTclfet. S% 
in the Winter's Ta.'i, Autolycus fays, *< 1 have worn tkne-fA^ 


9 Sans, fans, I pray you,! It is fcarcc worth remarkiog, diat ^ 
conceit here is obfcured by the pun^uation. It fliould bt ^tien5«i> 
SANS, i. e. ivitbout sans ; without French words : an afiie^tioa* 
which Biron had been guilty in the laft line of hit fpecch, chough ji^ 
Ibefoiehe h^d/erfzufm^li a fetation Ukfki9k»pXeBa»$9KmTY^m»if^^ 


Bir* Yet I have a trick 
Of the old rage : — bear with me, I am fick; 
i'll leave it bv degrees. Soft, let us fee ; — 
Wricc, Lord ba^ve mercy on us ■, on thofc three; 
They arc infefted, in their hearts it lies ; 
They have the plague, and caught it of your eyes : 
Thefe lords are vifited ; you are not free. 
For the Lord's tokens on you do I fee. 

Prin. No, they are free, that gave thefe tokens to us* 

Bir. Our ftates are forfeit, feek not to undo nt. 

Ro/, It is not fo ; for how can this be true. 
That you (land forfeit, being thofe that fue *? 

j9/>. Peace : for I will not have to do with yoa« 

Ro/, Nor (hall not, if I do as I intend. 

Bir, Speak for yourfelvcs, my wit is at an end. 

King, Teach us« fweet madam, ior our rude txzxS* 
Some fair excufe. 

Prin, The faireft IS confeflion. 
Were you not here, but even now, disgui^'d? 

King. Madam, I was. 

Prin. And were you well advis'di 

King. I was, fair madam. 

Prin. When you then were here, 
What did you wifper in your lady's car? 

King, That more than all the world I did reiped her. 

Prin, When (he fhall challenge this, you will reject hec« 

* fTriigy Lord have mercy on us,—] This wai the infcription putuf- 
■OB the door of the boufes tnfe^ed with the plague, to whkh Biron com- 
ftrct the love of himfelf and his companions, and purfuing the ineta- 
ihor finds the takuu Ukewife on the ladies. The fkttit of the plague 
IN the firft fpots or diicolocations, by which the infe^ion is known to 
k received. Johnson. 

So, in Sir Thomas Overbury^s CbaraBtrty s6li6 : << Lord bsv€ mtrty tm 
m may well ftand over their doors, for debt is a moft dangerout city 
ftfiliMct. Maloni. 

* — h§vf can this bt trutf 

7bai yw fDould ftrfeiu hihg thofe that /mm f] That is, how 
ftt thofe be liable to forfeiture that begin the procefs. The jefl lies 
>B the ambiguity of /ue, which fignlfies to frojtcutt kf law, or to offtr^ 


P d 3 King. 


King. Upon mine honour, no. 

Pr/>. Peapc, peace, forbear ; 
Yoar oath once broke, you force not to fbrfwear ^. 

King. Defpife me, when I break this oath of mine. 

Prin. I will ; and therefore keep it :— Ro(aUne> 
What did the Ruffian whifper in your ear ? 

Rof. Madam, he fwore, that he did hold me dear 
As precious eye-fight ; and did value me 
Above this world : adding thereto, moreover. 
That he would wed me, or elfe die my lover. 

Prin. God give thee joy of him ! the noble lord 
Moft honourably doth uphold his word. 

King. What mean you, madam ? by my life^ my trod, 
I never fwore this lady fuch an oath. 

Roj. By heaven, you did ; and to confirm it plain* 
You gave me this : but take it, fir, again. 

King. My faith, and this, the princefs I did give ; 
I knew her by this jewel on her ileeve. 

Prin. Paraon me, fir, this jewel did (he wear ; 
And lord Bir6n, I thank him, is my dear :— ' 
What ; will you have me, or your pearl again ? 

Bir. Neither of either' ; I remit both twain.— « 
I fee the trick on't ; Here was a confent ^, 
(Knowing aforehand of our merriment,) 
To da(h it like a Chriftmas comedy : 
Some carry -tale, fome pleafe-man, fome flight zany'* 

3 m^you force not toforftvear.'J Tou forct mot\% the ftnevidl^ 
IKUike no difficulty , Thit is a very juft obfervation. The crime wA 
h^ been once committed, is committed again with lela reluAaice. 


So, In Warner*s Albion $ Eng/anJ, b. x. ch. 59 1 

** — he forced not to hide how he did err.** Stistews. 

4 Neither 0/ either ;J This feems to have been a common espicfiai 
IB our aurhor's time. It occurs in the L^don PruUgal, 1605, M^ 
Other comedies. Malonx. 

5 w- <i confent,] i. e. a conipiracy. So, in K. Htmry VI. Parti: 

" the ftars 

** That have confented to king Henrj^s death.^ Stixtii"* 
• .. nany^] A zany is t buffoon, t merry AiidnW| a gro6 vott^ 




Some mumble-news, fome trencher-knight', fomeDick,— * 

That fmtles his cheek in jeers ^ ; and know's the trick 

To make my lady laugh, when (he's difposM,— 

Told our intents before 2 which once difclos'd. 

The ladies did change favours ; and then we. 

Following the fi^ns, woo'd but the iign of ihc. 

Now, to our perjury to add more terror, 

"We are again forfworn ; in will, and error. 

Much upon this it is ' : — And mi^lit not you [ic Bpyee* 

Foreftal our fport, to make us thus untrue ? 

Do not vou know my lady's foot by the fquire ' ? 

And faugh upon the apple of her eye ? 
And ftand between her back, fir, and the fire. 

Holding a trencher, jelling merrily ? 


7 — /«»< trencher-knight,] See below : 

«* And ftanJ between her back, fir, and the fire, 
** Holding a frtf/ici>rr,—&c.*' Malone. 

» fimt Dick, 

That Jmilei bis cbuk im jeers j] The old copies read— in yteret^ 
The pre fent emendation, wbich I propoied fome time ago, I have fince 
obferved, was made by Mr. Theobald. Dr. Waiburton endeavours to 
fapportthe old reading, by explaining j^rdri to mean lorink/et, whicli 
belong alike to laughter and old age. But allowing the word to be 
uftd in that licentious fenfe, furely our author would have written, not 
imp but into, years— >i. e. into wrinkles, as in a pa^Tage quoted by Mr* 
Sceeyens from Twtlftb N:gbt : « — he does fmiie bis cbetk into mors 
iSlMsChan is in the new map, &c." The change being only thatofafin- 
gle letter for another nearly refembling it, I have placed yV^rx (formerly 
fyXt jurtt) in the tcxr. The words— jrT, /oKf, and mockf were 
mnchaore in ufe in our author*s time than ar prefenC. 

Oot-rMfi^g Dick was a celebrated finger, who, with W. Wimbars, 
It faid by Henry Chettlr, in his Kind Harts Driamk, to have got 
twenty ihillings a day by finging at Brainiree fair, in EfTex. Perhaps this 
itinerant droll was here in our author's thoughts. This circumftance 
adds fome fupport to the emendation now made. From the following 
paOagc in Sir John Oldeafih, 1600, it feems to have been a common 
•enn for a noify iwaggerer : 

" O he, fir, he*s a defperate Dick indeed ; 
** Bar him your houfe." 
Agaift, in Kemp*s Nimdaies fVonder, ice. 4to. 1600: 
•« A boy arm'd with a poking ftick 
** Will dare to challenge cutting Dick,** Malonc. 
9 Jlimtb npw this it it :] Dr. Johnfon would give thefe words to 
Boyet. Malons. 

■ — fy thiffniref] From efauierre, Fr. a ruU orfyusrt. The fenfe 

b nearly the lame as that of the proverbial expremon in our own Ian- 

C»H«> ^ bib got tb$ Itugtb of ber foot \ i. e. he hath humoured her fo 

Vol. II. D d 4 long 


Yoa put our page out : Go, you are allowed ^ ; 
Die when you will, a fmock (hall be your (hrowd» 
You leer upon me» do you ; there's an cye^ 
Wounds like a leaden iword* 

Boy. Full merrily 
Hath this brave manage '» this career been run. 

£ir, Lo> he is tilting ftraight ! Peace ; I luive done. 

Enter Costard. 
Welcome^ pure wit ! thou parted a fair firay. 

Cofi. O Lord, fir, they would know. 
Whether the three worthies (hall come in> or nOb 

jB/>, What, are there but three ? 

Cofi. No, iir; but it is vara fine. 
For every one purfents three. 

Bir. And three times thrice is nine. 

Co^, Not (o,ilr; under corrcdtion, fir; Ihope^it isiiotibi 
You cannot beg us S &-> I can aiTure you, fir; wekaoif 

what we know : 
I hope, fir, three times thrice, fir,— 

Bt'r» Is not nine. * 

Cofi. Under corredUon, fir, we know whereuiitilitdotk 

Mir. By Jove, I always took three threes for nine. 

Cofi. O Lord, fir, it were pity you fiioold gtt ytv 
living by reckoning, fir. 

Bir, How much is it ? 

Cofi. O Lord, fir, the parties themfelves, the ateib 
fir, will ftiew whereuntil it doth amount : for mine ovn 
part, I am, as they fay, but to parfed one man^— c^et 
one poor man ' ; Pompion the great, fir. 

long, that he can perfuade her to what he pleaTes. Hb ath* 

Sfmr§ in our author*t time was the cominoB ccrm for a rmlim Set ID** 
ibeu's Dia. in v. The word occurs again in the fTinttr^sTmlg* MalmM» 

t — G9,you are aUew*d j] U e. jo% aay fay what yoo will | yeeait 
a licenfed fool, a common jeller. So, in Tmelftk Night t 

<< There h 99 Jlawder in am aUow*d/ti/.*' WAaBvafev, ' 

3 Hatb tbit hrav* manage,—] The old cepy hat eseMriTi Cr* 
reeled by Mr. Theobald. Maloni* 

^ Tom cannot beg «i»— ] That it, we are notiboUs ovaextie* 
lations cannot beg the wardfhip of our perfons and £MtmMa« Obt^ 
the legal teds of a mmtnral is to try whether he can nttoiher* Jeaiitol* 

* ^emmm, e*CB tev/air «»«»] ThtaUcpfktifidnii— sf^ 


Sir. Art thou one of the worthies? 

Cofi, It pleafed them, to think me worthy pf Pompey 
lie great : for nuQe own part, I know not the degree of 
he worthy ; but I am to (land for him ^. 

£ir» Go, bid them prepare. 

Cofi. We will turn u finely off, fir ; we will take fomo 
care. [Exit Coftard. 

King, Biron, they willfhame us, let them not approach. 

Bir, We are ihamc-proof, my lord : and 'tis fome policy 
?o have one ihowworfe than the king's and his company. 

Ming, I fay, they fhall not come. 

f'rin. Nay, my good lord, let me o'er-rule you now i 
i^hat fpqrt befl pleafes, that doth lead know how : 
Hiere zeal drives to content, and the contents 
)i,e in the zeal of them which it prefents^. 


lan. For the emendation I am anfweraLie. The fame miftake hat 
appened in feveral places in our author's plays. See my note on Airt 
nil that ends we//, AGt I. fc. iii. ** You are ihallow, madam,*' Sec 

Malons* . 
* J know not the dfg>ee of the worthy, &c.] Thii is a fh-oke of fatirc 
'hich, to this hour, has loil nothing or'iti force. Few performers are 
dicitous about ^he hiftory of the charade r they are to reprefent. Stiit* 
1 That /port hefi p/ea/fS, tiat doth /eafl ktn,w bow s 
fVhere X'al ftrwes to content, and the ibnttntt 
Die in the xea/ o/them which it fftf nts, &c ] The quarto 159S9 
sd the folio 1623, read — of that which it prefeots. The context, I 
link, clearly fliews that them (which, as the paH'a^e is unioteiii|sibleia 
s original form, 1 have ventuted to fubOitute,) was the poet's word* 
t^ich for who is common in our author i So, (to give one iaftaoce oot 
rmaoy,)io the Met (bant of yevict, 

*• — — a civil dodor, 

<< fn>icb did refufe three thoufand ducats of me.** 
nd yfn and v' were eafily confounded : nor is the falfe concord Som 
ro^vced by this reading [»f them who prefenta it,] any obje^on to it| 
M" every page of thefe plays furni(hei us with examples of the fame kind s 
See Vol. I. p. 40.] "^odits in the prefent line, for thus the old copy 
ladfl ; though here and in almoft every other paflTa^e where a fimilar 
oimption occurs, 1 have followed the example of my predecefTors, and 
onedcd the error. Where rhimes or metre, however, are concerned^ 
t U inpofiible. Thus we muft ftill read in CjmhtiiMp Uttf M in the line 
I «s, freftntt : 

•* And Phcebus 'gi"» to rife, 

** His fteeds to water at thofefpringi 

<! Oa chalic*d iiowen that I'm* 


Their form confounded makes moft form in mirth ; 
When great things labouringperifliin their birth*. 

Bir. A right defcription of our fpoit, my lord. 
Enter Armado. 

^rm. Anointed, I implore fo much expence of d^ 
rt)yal iweet breath as will utter a brace of word^. 

[ Arm . I oifvcrjei ixjitb the King, and deli'uers bim Ap€kr» 

Prin. Doth this man ferve God ? 

£ir. Why aflc you ? 

Pn/t. \ le fpeaks not like a man of God's making. 

jirm. That's all one, my fair, fweet, honey monardi: 
for, I proiell, the fchool-mafler is exceeding fantaftkal; 
U)o, too vain ; too, too vain : But we will put it, as thff 
fay, ici/or/uf.'ii ^rlln gucrra. Iwifh you the peace of inind« 
molt roy:il couplcment^ ! [£jr// Armado* 

Agiln, in the piny bo^orc us ! 

<< That in this fplcen ridiculouitf^^ftfrTy 

<* To check their folly, paffion*s Tolemn temrsm 
A^a'n, in r/v Af^'Jurt of yen'ue : 

** Wliofc own hard Jtalingt teaches them fufped*** 
Or. J^h'-.f'-ii wjuid read-^ 

Die in tnc zeal of tint which them prefentt. 
/But kim was nor, I believe, abbreviated in old Mfs. and thereftremt 
likely to hjvc been confcunded with that. 

The word ;V, I believe, refers to /port. Tbstfport, fays the princefi^ 
phaffi hifl^ lubfe tie aBori are leafl fi.VfuU\ xobere Ktal Jhrmet « 
plziicy (I'd the co-tc'itSf or, (as thcfc exhibitions are immediacelj if- 
tcrwji.l,]e:i; ^roat things, great attemfrs^ perijb in ebt very aS if 
bc'in^ prduadyfrom tbt ardent 2:«<i/ o/'thofe who prefeot the Jportmn" 
tKr:M:mnt. To <</>'<'/(r»r a ; lay'' is ftill the phrafe of the cbatre. li 
hjwcvori;)jy rof/r to i.rt-mtSf and that word may mean the moft m*- 
Vr'nl ;• .:r .^r I'hc exhibit) "in. Malonc. 

Till. I- riiTicrit of the princcfsis very natural, but lefs generoas thil 
t'ljt ■■i'-.Ur A.n.izunian Queen, who fa)8, on a like occafiooi in the 

Iil.djU'Kr:..r Ni^'rt's D- urn: 

** /:.'«' •;./ f'jjee wretched -eft o*ercbarw*d^ 
<* ;V r d:. ' y n In Jcrxice ptrtjbirig,'^ JOH NtON* 
« -— l-iboiMi.^y^fr///:. in their birtb.] Labouring here meanfi U tk 
4^ of p.iit'.irition. Sf> Korc«^mni<:n : 

»* 1 he mountains i.'b-ur*dy and a moufe was born." Maloitc* 
•^ / :i\jr y .v th^ fejic^ >>/ mindy mofl royal COM^Xtm^nX, ?1 Thisfia|ulir 
7;ord \^ aj|,.iin i.fej by our a'. thor in Kis lift Sonnet: 

<* Making a fcx//>/fiwr»/ of proud comparo-is'* MAtosr. 



King, Here is like to be a good prefcnce of worthies : 
He prcfents Heftor of Troy ; the fwain, Pompey the 
great ; the parifti curate, Alexander ; Armado's page, 
Hercules ; the pedant, Judas Machabacus. 
And if thefc four worthies " in their firft (how thrive, 
Thefe four will change habits, and prefent the other five. 

Bir. There is five in the firft ihow. 
• King. You are deceivM, tis not fo. 

Bir. The pedant, the braggart, the hedge-prieft, the 
fool, and the boy : — 

Abate a throw at novum^, and the whole world again 
Cannot prick out ' five fuch, take each one in his vein. 

King, The (hip is under fail, and here ihe comes amain. 
[^Seats brought for the King, Princejs, He. 

. ■ Ami iftbefifour wortbUs Scc.l Thefe two lines might have beea 
^^efifned at a ridicule on checondu^n of Selimut^ a tragedy, 1594 : 
*' If this firft pat t, genties, do like you well, 
** The fecondpart (hall greater murders tell.** Stcbvini. 
1 rather think Shakfpearc alludes to the fliifts to which the adort 
Were reduced in the old theatres, one perfon often performing two or 
ftbice parts. MaLome. , 

* Abate a throw at novumr~''i Abate throw— is the reading of the 
•sjginal and authentick copies j the quarto 1598, and the foho, i6i3» 
^ bare throw &c. was an arbitrary alteration made by the editor of the 
'fccond folio. I have added only the artich, which feems to have beea 
inadvertently omitted. I fuppofe the meaning is, Except or put the 
chance of the dice out of the queftion, and the world cannot prodace 
.five fuch as thefe. Ahate^ from the Fr. abatre, is ufed again by our to* 
thor, in the fame fenfe, in APs well that ends well: 

** -i— - thofe 'bated, that inherit but the fall 
«« Ofthelaft monarchy." 
'* A ban throw at novum** is to me unintelligible. Malomx. 
Uovum (or Novem) appears to have been fome game at dice. Stxxt. 
1 Catinot prick out &c.] Dr. Grey propofes to read, pick ouC $09 
in JC. Henry. /K. P. I : « Could the world pick thee out three fuch ene- 
inies again ?** The old readingi however, may be right. To prick outp 
'it a phrafe ftill in ufe among gardeners. To prick may Ukewife have 
reference to vriff. Stievens. 

Pick is the reading of the quarto, 1598 : Cannot prick out,— that 
of the folio, 1623. Our author ufcs the fame phrafe in his 20th 
Sonnet, in the fame (tnCe 'y^^annot point out by a pun&ttre or iMri. 
.Ag^in, mjuiius Cafar : 

w Will you \>eprick*d\a number of our friends ?" Malonz* 



Pageant of the Nine Worthies*. 
Enter Cost a r d arm^d,for Pompey* 
' Coft, I Pomtey am,-^ 

Bir, You he, ycni are not he« 

Coft. I Pompey am^^^ 

Boy. With libbard's head on knee^. 

Bir. Well faid^ old mocker $ I muft needs be tnifk 
with thee. 

Coft, I Pompey am, Pompey furnam^d the iig,^^ 

Dum. The great. 

Coft. It is great, fir -y^^Pompeyfurnam^d tie greMii 
That oft infteld, tuitb targe and fiidd, did mMi m)fii^ 

ftweat : 
Jind, tranjelling along this coaftj J here am e9seu hj ehamti 
jindlay my arms before the legs ofthisfwett Im/s efFfoa, 
If your ladyihip would fay. Thanks , P empty 9 IhiddoM^ 

Pr/», Great thanks, great Pompey. 

Coft. 'Tis not fo much worth ; but, I llope> I wai pO^ 
ft€i : I made a little fault in, great, 

Bir. My hat to a halfpenny, Pompey proves dkbct 

4 Pageant cf the nint toertbks.J In MS, Harl, I0579 §» V»^ 
f* The order of a (howe intended to be made Aug i, )6si«'* 

'< Firft 2 woodmen tec. 

«< St. George fighting with the dragon. 

'* The 9 worthies in compleat armor with^rovoef offOvM ooddir 
Beads, every one having his efquires to beare before hia hii (lueU fll 
penon of armes dreffed according ai thefe lords were accuftonied to bet 
3 AiTaralits, 3 Infidels, 3 Chriftians. 

<< After them, a Fame, to dedaxe the rare virtiiet and noUe dceta 
•f the 9 worthye women.** 

Such a pageant as this, we may fuppofe it was the defign of Shik* 
Ijpeare to ridicule. Steevins. 

5 H^itb libbard's i>ead on knee,] This alludes to the old heroic kakil^ 
which on the knees and /houlders nad ufually, by way of omaaefit| Al 
refemblance of a leopard*s or lion*s bead. Wars UR ton. 

See Mafquine in Cotgrave*s D'tHionary : «« The reprefentatfot rf 
a ]yon*s head &c. upon the elbow 01 knee of fome old-faAkMM^ f* 
inents/* Tollxt. 

The libkardy as fome of the old En^fli gloflariet lafom My **^ 
mtU9iihitf4ntber. Stsiyxmi* 


Enter N a t h a n i b l arm^d, for Alexander. 
Ifath. When in the *world I li'u^d, I was the tifrWt 
commander ; 
By eaft, 'wejt, north, andfouthi IJ^readmy conquering might z 
Mj ycutcheon plain declares, that I am Ali/ander, 

Bay. Yoar nofe fays^ no> you are not ; for it (lands toa 

right ^. 
Sir. Your nofe fmells^ no> in his> moft tender-finell* 
ing knight. 
^ frin^ The conqueror is difmay'd: Proceed, good 
Nath. When in the luorld I liv^d, I was the *worW$ 

commander ;— 
Soy, Moil true, 'tis right ; you were fb, Alifander. 
Bir. Pompcy the great, — 
Coft, Your (crvant, and Coftard. 
Bir. Take away the conqueror, take away AHfander. 
Coft, O, fir, [io Nath.] you have overthrown Alifander 
^e conqueror I You will be fcraped out of the paint* 
V- €i cloth for this : your lion, that holds his poll-ax fit- 
ting on a clofe-flool ^, will be given to A-jax* : he will 

^^ it ftandt too ught,"] It fliould be rtmembered, to relifli thit 
ke, that the head of Alezaflder was obliquely placed on bit fiioul« 
rs« STBKysNt. 

7 — tioHf that bclds Lis poll'OXyJStting en a cloft-Jfwlfl This all udei to 
I'tiie arms given in the old hi/lory of the Nine fforthiesf to ** Alexander^ 
|-tiie which did beare ^eules, m Uon or, ftiattte in a cbayery holding a bmt'» 
: ^tUl-^x argent. " Leigh's Auidtnce of Armory ^ 1597. p. 13. TottiT. 

S Ajmx\] There is a co/tiQjtiiotAjax %nd a jakttm Johnson.. 
' This conceit, paltry as it is^ was «fed by Ben Jofon, and Camdeii 
^he antiquary. Ben, among his E fir rams, has thefe two lines. 
« And I could wifli, for their eternis*d fakes^ 
<* My mufe had plough'd with his that fung A-jax»^ 
So, Camden, in liis Remains,- having mentioned the French word per, 
ieyu, '* Enquire, if you underftand it not^ of Cloacina*» chaplams» 
•r fuch as are well read in A-jax*^ 

Seealfo Sir John Harrington's ^«to if/i:oirr/# ofaftahfubjeSI, edtei, 
eke Metamerpbofes of Ajax, 1 596 j his Anatomie of the metamorpbofed 
jfi^et, no date) and UlyOes nponAjax, 1596. All thefe perform* 
%Kei are founded on the lame conceit, of Ajax and A-jakes. To the 
jMt of them a licenfe was rtfuiitdy and the author was forbid the court 
'Ar Wilting it«. Stsxtbhs* 

;■._'■ be 


be the ninth worthy. A conqMSr** Biwlrflii^ i 
run away for (hame, AUfiuuier* .-.[NttlU f«MpMulllll% 
an't fhall pleafe yoa; a fbdiffli mili «Wi« .n W 
man, look yoa, and koa daih*dl lit it a —'■'■■■ " - "^ 
neighbour, infooth ; and a ▼fry good k 
i^lifander, alas, you fee, bcyw *Us ;— « littte V«< 
—But there are worthies a oooiing Kvill .^peakti 
in fome other fort. / .-t 

Prifi, Stand afide, good Pompey* 

£/i//rHoLOFBaNif arm^J^fir JwiMB^mmdM^mmmH 
fir HiacuLBS. 

Hoi. Great Hereults it ffifomiid if iUs imA^ ^ 
Wbo/icluhkilVdCerlermt, tbmi itru-^kmitii 
Andt nuben bt was a baii, s cUU, m^ria^, ' ' ;.* 

TbHs did be JiraMgli Jirfiati htJUs mUn»t 7 

Q^nizmt be /eemitbimmiMoritfi 
Ergo, I come wtb tbit mfUfy^^ y 

ICeep fome ftate in thy «»>, and taaiflu [^iriir UmL 

"Judas I am,"^^ 

Dum. A Judas ! . 

Uol. Not Ifcariot, fir.— ' 

Judas I am, ycleped MacbiBhm* • 

Dum. J adas Machabcoi dipt, ii plun Jodai* i 

Bir. A kifling traitor >— How art choo prof'di JaM! 

Hoi, Judas I am ^^^ 

Dum, The more (hame bt joa, Judas, 

Hoi. What mean yoa, fir ? 

Boy. To make Jodaa hang himfelf. \ 

Hoi. Begin, fir; yoa are my elder* r 

Bir. Wellfbllow'd: Judas was hai^M OB aB ^ttft^ ' 

Hoi. I will not be put oat rfcoonteBiaoe* 

Bir. Becaufe thou nafi no 6cc« . * 

Hoi. What is this; 

Boy. A cittern head'. 

i>i/m. The head of abodkim 

9 ^a little tfV.ptrted i1 Thu It, tht /«tor rbnaflB M(iQl 
him in this piece is too con&dertblt. llA&oiia. - •; , 

I jf cittern bead.1 ^* 

«-«<< fiddling on a titteru with a 

"~. »■■■■ 1^ MM WOT »• . I , 

in OMig(i»( itaiA m fa i;«ybb Mb' 


Sir. A death's face in a ring. 

Long. The face of an old roman coin> fcarce feen. 

Siy. The pummel of Csefar's faulchion. 

Dum. The carv'd-bone face on a flaik *. 

Mir. St. George's half-cheek in a brooch* 

Z>««. Ay» and in a brooch of lead. 

J?ir. Ay» and worn in the cap of a tooth-drawer : And 
liow> forward ; for we have put thee in countenance. 

JIoL Yon have put me out of countenance. 

Jsr. Falfe ; we have given thee faces. 

Hoi, But you have out-fac'd them all. 

J?/r. An thou wert a lion we would dofo. 

Boj. Therefore, as he is, an afs, let him go. 
And fo adieu; fweet Jude ! nay, why doft thou flay ? 

Djmv. For the latter end of his name. 

£ir. For the afs to the Jude ; give it him : — Jud-a»* 

Hoi. This is ndl generous, not gentle, not humble. 

£oj. A light for monfieur Judas : it grows dark, he 
mayftumble. [Holofernesr^/w/. 

JPritt, Alas, poor Machabaeus, how hath he been baited I 
Enter Ar m a d o arm^d^ for Hcdlor. 

Bir. Hide thy head, Achilles ; here comes Hedlor inarms. 

Dum. Though my mocks coix^ehome by me, I will now 
be merry. 

King. Hedlor was but a Tojan ' in refpedl of this. 

Boy. But is this Hedlor ? 

J>vm. I thiiik, Heftor was not fo dean-timbcr'd. 

Long. His leg is too bi^ for Hedlor. 

Dum. More calf, certain. 

Boy. No ; he is befl indued in the fmaU. 

Bir. This cannot be He^r. . 

Dum. He's a god or a painter ; for he makes faces. 

Arm. The armipotent Mars, of lances the almighty, 

* — on aJiaJkJ\ \. c. afoldier^s powder-horn: Stixyeni. 

3 BtBw was but a Trojan—] A Trojan^ I believe, was in the dme 
•f Shakfjpeare, a cant term for a tbitf. So, in K. Henry IV. Part I s 
•< Tut there are other ^rcjans that tnon dream*ft not of, &c.** Again, 
Ib tbii (i;eae|^ «p— valeO yw play xhsbon^ Trcgaji, Ssq.**, Stxxtbms, 



D«m- Agiltoutmcg** 

Bir, A Icmoa, 

Lfiifgn Stack with doves'. 

Dum^ Not cbvca* 

Jrm. Peace ! 
fi^ arm}m£fiS Marn sfhmtis ^ thi e/msi^ij. 

Gave lie M or ^g*JU l^* ^ffr ^ //v«rt ; 
^ mart/o hre^th^^, that uriffi^ if* "ivauiJ/gJ^t^j^^ 

Fr^m morn Till nighi, cm njkii f^miU^m^ 
I am tb&tfiti'wtf^—' 

Bum. I'hat mint. 

L^ng. That coiumbme. 

Arm. Sweet lord Longaville, retn diy iDQgxse. ' 

h^ng, I mull rather give ii the rein % for k niBi tlikt 

0um. Ay, atiJ Heflor's a greyhcnind. 

Arm. The fwect wajr*nian \% dead ai^d Totten; 
chucks, beat not the boae» of the boried; ^h^a k 
breathM, he was a man— But I will forward with my dt* 
^ice \ fwect royalty, \i^ tht Pmccfs.] beilow oASSctbi 
U^^ of hearing. [Biron HMibijptn CdbM, 

Frim. Speak, brave Heftor ; we arc mych dciigiiud* 

Arm, I do adore thy Tweet grace *s £ipper. 

M&y. Loves her by the fool, 

Bitm* He may not by the yard. 

Arm . This He^o ^ f^^ J arm Qunttd Hamni^^l^^ 

Cofi^ 1 he pany it gone, fellow Hector, fttz It 
Ihe is two months on her way. 

* j#gUt wutm^*l Th« quarto, fj^S, resd^^A fr/^nqfrnwi MJifi 
gih nutmeg had not been mentimietf by 8. Jonrcyn, ((ce Mr. $te«<i«l 
next note,) 1 fhoatd have thoughs it right. io%^f*y^ * -£/f*hHt|«fc 

f Siuik vfiih cf^fu] An ^tma^Jhick with r/ww appv«n ta&M 

fcrtn a comman ficw-yeiir*j gjft. 5 », Ben Jiinfun, in W (^1^ 
MaffMtt ■* he hat an ar^ngt and rofem^ry, but i>^t a r/*vr t» fticfc it 
It,*' A gUr mttmfg is mentioned in the fame piece, &ii4 on the ^81 

7 — f,f ^^uiifgkh yea,] Thtii ■» ibe old c^piej, Pope f«rT plu^ 




Arm. What mean'il thou? 

Coft, 'Faith, unlefs you play the honcft Tpojan, the 
poor wench is call awa^ : fhe's quick \ the child brags 
m her belly already; 'tis yours. 

Arm, Doil thou infamonize me among potentates \ 
thou fhalt die. 

Coft, Then (hall Heftor be whip'd, for Jaqucnetta tjiat 
IS quick by him ; and hang'd, for Pompey that is dead 
by nim. 

Dum, Mod rare tompey ! \\ 

Boy, Renowned Pompey ! 

Bir, Greater than great, great, greats greats Fon^y ! 
Pompey the huge I 

Dum. Med^or trembles. 

Bir. Pompey is ihov'd:— More Ates, more A'*** » 
ftir them on, ftir them on ! 

Dum, Hedlor will challenge him. _ . 

Bir.^ Ay, if he h^ve no more man's blood in^s belly 
than will liip a flea. . .. 

Arm. By the north pole» I do challenge thee. 

Cofl. r will not fight with a pole, like a northern man *; 
1*11 ilalh ; . I'll do it by the fword : — I pray you, Ifit mc 
borrow my arms> again. 

Dum, Roomfsr the incenfed worthies* 

Coft. I'll do it in my Ihirt, 

Dum, Moft refolute Pompey ! 

Moth, Mailer, let me talce you a button-hole lower. 
Do you not fee, Pompey is uncafmg for the combat ? 
What mean you ? you will lofe your reputation. 

Arm. Gentlemen, and foldiers, pardon me ; I will 
not combat in my fliirt. 

Dum, You may not deny it ; Pompey hath made the 

8 .. mcrf Ates; ] That Is, more inftjgatlon. Ate was the ffllf* 
cbievous goddefs that incited bloodflied. Joh n son. 
So, in K. John : 

" An At/y fUrring him to war andftrifc.*' Stxbtiki* 
♦ — lih a northern man j] f^ir B»reaiiSf a down. Sec Gloflary to 
^ Urry's Chaucer. Fakmik. 

I — . OTj^ armt] The weapons and armour which he wore in the 
charader of Pompey, Jon n son* 

Vol, II. E e ^rm* 


Arm^ Sweet bloods, I both mav and will. 

Bit. What reafon have you fort ? 

Arm. The naked truth of it is, I haire no Hurt; Ig» 
woolward for penance. 

M9th. True, and it was enjoined him in Rome for wut 
of linen * : fince when, I'll be fworn, he wore none, butt 
diih-clout of Jaquenetta's ; and that 'a wears next b 
heart for a favour. 

Enter Mercade» 

Mer. God fare you, madam i 

Pr/ir. Welcome, Mcrcade; 
But that thou interrupted our merriment* 

Met. I am forry, madam ; for the news I brlnff^ 
Is heavy in mv tongue. The king your fathex^^* 
• Prin. Deaa, for my life. 

Met, Even fo ; my talc is told* 

. Bir. Worthies, away ; the fcene benns to dood; 

Arm, For mine own part, I breath me breath; Ikait. 
feen the day of wrone through the little hole of di^cfttioa^ 
and I will right myklf like a ibldier. \Bximmt Wmhm* 

JEnjf • 

* wLm it tvai enjoitCd- bim in Rome fir wsnt %f limem i Jkc] Tom 
noMlwardf I believe, was a phrafc appropriated to pilgrilns aai pea- 
tentiaries. In this fenfe it feemt Co be uTed in Pierse PkwwmmU Wif—iy 
Pafl*. xviii. fol. 96. b. edit. 1 550. It means chMtbed iu wm^ and #»/ if 
iiKtM. T. War TON. 

The fame cuftomis alluded to in PowePs Hiflory ^fWttUx^ 15^4* 
(V The Angles and Saxons fle^ 1000 priefts and naonlcs of Ban|or, with 
« great number of iay-brethren, &c. who were come barefooted aad 
imoolzaard to crave mercy, &€■** St c x v c n • • ' 

Jn:Lodgc\ Incarnate D evils f Z596, we have the chanAer of a 
fwaJBbuckler : '* His common courfe is to go always oDinift j exccft 
when his /bin is a tva/bi/t£, and xhen he goes wae/tJsrdm^ Paeisxi. 
^' ' To thisfpoech (n %"^ oTdeft'copy.^«y. it prefixed, by which dcfigxi- 
tion mod of Moth's fpeeches are marked. The name of Bepi ii |t* 
. Aerally printed at length. It feems better fuited to Armado*t p^ dni 
to Boyet, to whom it has been given in the modem edltiont* Ma Lout* 

i I have feen tbe day of wrOng tbrougb tbe littU boh •/ dijcrttim^ I 
believe he means, / bavt bitberto iooked on tbe Jtidiinitkt J b^we ft* 
ceh/ed, wit b the eyesofdifcrethn, (i. e. not been too forward to fcfeat 
them,0 and ^illinjiji on fucbfif i tf anion as wifl not e^fireke w^ ebaradr^ 
wbicbis that ofafoldierM To have decided the quarrel in tbe maoacf 
propofed by his antagonift would have been at onct 4 dcrO|a(iaB fro* 
cbehQiiour of a foldieri aad the pride of a SpanUkd* 

u Cm 


King* How fares your majeily ? 

Prin. Boyct, prepare 5 I will away to-night. 

King. Madanij not fo ; I do befeech yoo> ifaiy. 

Prin. Prepare, J fay. — I thank you, gracious locdf, /. 
For all your fair endeayqars ; and entreat, .1 

Out of a new-fad foul, that you vouchfafe 
In your rich wifdom, to excufe, or hide» 
Tlie liberal ^ oppoiition of oar fpirits : 
If or«r-6oldly we have borne ourfelvet 
In the con verfe of breath', your gentleneft 1 

Was guilty of it.— Farewell, worthy lord ! 
A heavy heart bears not an humble ton«ie^ : 
Excufe me fo, coming too fhort of thanKS - ' . . . 
For my great fuit focafilyobtainM. 

King. The extreme parts of time esrtremriy f^Nmi 
Allcames to the purpote of his fpeed ; 
And often, at his very loofe 7, decides 
Tlat -which long procefs could not arbitrate i 
And though the mourning brow of progeny 
Forbid the fmiliii^^courtefy of love. 
The holy fuit which fain it would convince* ; ' 
Yet fince love's argument was firfl on fi)ot, 

<f Ontm&j (tidty mta Utth h0/§f** it a proverb Sn Ray*s Colle£^ion i 
f* Dajiight wiU peep through a litde hole/* in Kelly *t. "Stbevkns. 

4 — nbirsl^ Fretf txce/t. See p. 271, &• 9 $ and Vol. I. p. 155* 
n. 4. SrsivKNt. 

5 Im tht nnwfi of hreatb^'mm'^ Perhaps €9mvtrf9 may, in thiaJluey 
mitzn iuttrtbsnrt, Johnson. 

* Amhmvy heart keart not an humble tongue t'].'Rf bmwthli$ the pria* 
cds ieem to mean ohfeqmiomfiy theuikfuU Stsktems. 

So^ in the Merchant of Vnmict t 

** Shall I bend low, and in a bondman^ckey 
** With *bated breath, and whifpering bumbUneft^ ftc* 
•A hesry heart, fayt the princefi, does not admit of thaCTerbal obeifafic* 
.tMhicfa M paid by the humble to thofe whom they addrefi* Farewell 
•dMcfbreat once. Malonx. 

7 ^"mt hu nterf locfe,] At bit very loofe may mean, at the moment of 
Utfmrtingi u e. of his getting loofe , or away from us. STECvtMa* 

* — • vfbttb fain it noouU convince j] We moft read — ^bieb fain 
• HVald it roaviivrc} that is, the entreaties of lore which would fain 

Bwe r ^ f omer grief. So Lady Macbeth declares, << Tkttt /be wi/Zcon* 
Ham t^ cbambtrkkt ^^ f»i»i*** John son* 

£ c 2 Let 


Let not the cloud of forrow juflle it 

Fromwhat it porpos'd ; fince, to wail friends Ioft« 

Is not by muoi fo wholefome» profitable. 

As to rejoice at friends but newly found. 
Prin. I underftand yeu not ; my griefs are d<mble*# 
Bit. Honed plain word» > beft pierce the eacof grief 1^ 

And by thefe badgps underfbmd the kin^. 

For your fair fakes have we negleded time, 

Flay'd foul play with oar oatha; your beauty, ladies^ 

Hath much deform'd us, fafhioning our humoora 

Even to the oppofed end of our intents : 

And what in us hath feem'd ridieulous,—- 

As love is full oi unbefitting ftrains ; 

All wanton as a child, (kipping, and vain*; 

Form'd by the eye, and thereibre like the eye* 

Full of ftrange fhapes, of habits, andof fbnas\ 

9 J mnderftaHd J9M 99t i my frieft are douhk*1 I fappofi^ flieaOB^ 
1. on account of the death of her father | ft. on account of not aadow 
ftanding the king*s meaning.-— A modern editor, inftead of^mMfft^ 
dcaf\ but the former is not at all likely to have been miftakeBi chket 
by the eye or the ear, for the latter. Malomi. 

* Honeftfla'm word* &c«3 Ac it feeoM not veiy proper for BkenM 
court the pnnceft for the Icing in the king's prefence at this critical ao" 
mcnt, I believe the fpeech it given to a wrong per£on« I read tbaf < 

Prin* / underfiand you net ; my griefs sre domhie z 
Honeji plain words- tlft pierce the ear */ grief. 

King, And iy tbeje hadgeSf &c* Johnsok. 
. Too many authors facrifice propriety to the confeqnence of dttSi piifl* 
cipal character, into whofe mouth they are willing to pot aon cbaa 
jttftly belongs to him, or at leaft the beft things they have to fiy. Tbe 
original a£tor of Biron, however, like^^rrsMin rhr Mtdfnmwm itMfi 

Dream, might have taken this Ipeechoot of the 
performer. Stiivens. 

In a former part of this fcene Biron fpeaks for the king and theotherMb 
ind being at length exhaufted, tells them, they mnft woo fbrdwdMi* 
I believe, therefore, the old copies are right in this lefpeA ; bottfaiBkviri^ 
Dr.Johnfon that the line " Honeft Hcc/'btloags to the pcincds. MALMit* 
» Fuliof&nngtJbapes,ofbahitSfandtfformt'} Tbe old capMS !<•& 
—Full offtraying fliapes. Both the fenle and the metre appear taSt 

to require the emendation which 1 foggefted ibme time i^. **/r«sf* 
ihapes'* might have been eafily confounded by the ear with the ^aem 
that have been fubftit;^ted in their room. In C4ri§Uums we meet vidi 
A corruption of the fame kind, which could only have artfon hithis irsy > 



arying in fubjedls as the cycdoth roll 
o every varied objeft in his glance : 
lach party-coated prefence of loofe love, 
flt on by us, if, in your heavenly eyes, 
!ave mifbecom'd our oaths and gravities, 
hofe heavenly eyes, that look into thefe faults, 
aggefted us to make ' : Therefore, ladies, 
'or love being yours, the error that love makes 
i likewife yours : we to ourfelves prove falfe, 
y being once falfe for ever to be true 
o thofe that make us both, — fair ladies, yoa : 
tnd even that fafhood, in itfelf a fin, 
*hus purifies itfelf, and-turns to eraoe. 
Prin. We have received your Tetters, foil of love 2 
'our favours, the embafiTaaors of love ; 
ind, in our maiden council, rated them 
Lt courtfhip, pleafant jefi, and courtefy, 
i$ bombaft and as lining to the time ^ : 
tut more devout than tms, in our refpe^ ^, 

u _ Better to ftanre 

*« Tham crave the higher [hire J which firft we )lo 4efervc.'* 
*he following pafTagei of our aiUnorwiIl, I apprehen^i fully fupport the 
>jTedion that has been made : 

« In him a plenitude of fubtle matter, 

<< Applied tocautelf,all)fr«ff^r/bnnireceives.^* Lwei* Cwtpltint^ 
kplji| in the Kapt cf Lucrece : 

" — the imprej/ion offirange kinds 
•* Is ybrmV in them, by force, by fraud, or /kill.** 
In K* Henry V, 4to. 1600, we have— Forrtf/iit^ blood of French no- 
Uity, inftead of Forrage in blood, &c. Mr. Capell, I find, has made 
lie fame emendatiop, Malonz. 
J Suggefled «i— 1 That is, tempud us. Johnson. 
4 Ai bombaft ana as lining to the time:"] This line is obfcure. Bom* 
\iA was a kind of loofe texture not unlike what is now called wadJiagt 
lied to give the drefTes of that time bulk and protuberance, without 
nuch increafe of weight j whence the fame name is given to a tumour 
»f words unfupported by folid fentiment. The (irincefs, therefore, fays^ 
Bat they confidered this courtfliip as but bombaft, as fomething to fill out 
ife, which not being clofely united with it, might be thrown away at 
pleafure. Joh n so n . 
Prince Henry calls Falilaff*, '<my fweet creature of ^om^tf/f .*' Stxiv* 
s But more devout than this, in our refpefft,] Jn, which is wanting io 
the old copies^ was added by Sir Thomas Hanmcr. Malons* 

E e t Have 

Have we not been ; and therefore met your lovc» 
In their own fafhion, like a merriment. 

Dum. Our letters, madam« ihew'd mock more thaijdL 

Long. So did our looks. 

Rof. Wc did not quote them fo*. 

King. Now, at the lateft minute of the hours 
Grant us your loves. 

Prin. A time, methinks, too (hort ^ 
To make a world-without-end bar^rainin^ : 
No, no, my lord, your grace is perjur'd mildly 
Full of dear guiltinefe ; and, therefore, thiii-^ 
If for my love (as there is no fuch caufe) 
You will do au^ht, this ihall you do for me : 
Your oath I will not truft ; but ^ with ^>eed 
To fome forlorn and naked hermitage. 
Remote from all the pleafures of the world t 
There ftay, until the twelve celeftial fignt 
Have brought about their annual reckoning : 
If this auflere infociable lifo 
Change not your offer made in heat of blood ; 
If frofts, and falls, hard lodging, and thin weeds S 
Nip not the gaudv blofToms of your lovc» 
Sut that it bear this trial, and laft love ^ ; 
Then, at the expiration of the year. 
Come challenge, challenge me by thefe deferta % 


6 We did not quote ttemfo,^ In the old copies,.-<'0/c them. Malohs. 
We ihould read, ^wcff, efieem, reckon, though our old writers (pcUuC 

\y the ear, probably wrote cofr, ai it was pronounced. JonKtoii* 
We did not quote*tm To, is, vtt did not rtgard tbtm «« (u€h% So» il 


« I'm forry that with better heed and judgment 

« I had not quoud him.*' See Ad II. fc. i. STtVTtiit. 

7 7o make a world -without-end bargain in x] This fingular P^fsf* 
which Shakfpeare borrowed probably from our Litoigyj occurt a|aiaia 
hit 57th Sonnet: 

(( Nor dare I chide the wor/4/.wfV^Mir-^ji^ hovN^ Maiovs. 

t .. and thin weeds,] i. e. doathing. Maloms* 

9 — andlaft love;] 1 fufped that the compofitor caiigbt thitwi^ 

firom the preceding line, and that Shakfpeare wrote— laft/iii^. If tfc< 

prefent reading be right, it muft mean,-— « if it continue ftill toddcH* 

the name of love.** Malone. 

' Come cba/hnge, ehalienge «f*-] The 6U copies read (piobaUy^ 


And» by this virgin pafan, now kiffing thine* 
f will be thine ; and> till that inftant, ikiit 
My woeful felf up in a mourning houfe ; 
Kaining the tears of lamentation » 
For the remembrance of my father's death* 
If this thou do deny^ let our hands part ; 
Neither intitled in the other's heart*. 

King. If this, or more than this, I would deny« 
To flatter up thefe powers of mine with reft^ 
The fudden hand of death clofe up mine eye ! 
Hence ever then my heart is in thy breaft. 

Bir, And what to me mv love ? and what to me ? 

Rof. You mufti>e purged too, your fins are rack'd*; 
You are attaint with faults and perjury : 
Therefore, if you mv favour mean to get, 
A twelve-month fhall you fpeud, and never reft. 
But feek the weary beds of people fick^. 

Dum, But what to me, my love ? but what to me ? 

Cath. A wife ! — A beard, fair health, andhonefly ; 
With three-fold love I wifh you all thefe three. 

Dum. O, fhall I fay, I thank you, gentle wife ? 

the compofitor*! eye gUnc'mg on a wrong part of the line) Come chalt 
Jenge m«, challenge me, &c. Carreded by Sir T« Hanmer. Malomb. 
a Neither intitled in tbi otbtr*x heart,'] Thus the folio. The quarto, 
] 598, readf imti/id, which may be right j neither of ui having a dwells 
4ng in the heart ol the other. 

Our author has the fame kind of imagery in mtny other pUccI* 
ThuSy ia the Comedy of Errors : 

« Shall love in building grow fo ruinate? 
Again, in Kx^Lover^i CompUint s 

*< Love lack*d a dwelling and made him her place*** 
Again, in the Two Gentlemen eff^ernnst 

«< O thou, that doft inhabit in my hreafi^ 

*' Leave not the man/ion fo long tenantleft, 

" Left growing ruinous the ^iri/^fn^ fall.*' Malomb* 

3 y your fins enre rack'd }] i. e. extended << to the top of their bent.** 
So, in much ado about nothing t 

" "Why, then we rack the value.** 
Mr. Rowe and the fubfequent editors read*.^ire rank* Ma LOME* 

4 — •/■ people fick,] Mr. Theobald and Dr. Warburton were of 
opinion that tnis and tlie five preceding lines though written by Shak* 
fpearc, were reeded by him, << he having executed the fame thought z 
little lower with more fpiritaad elegance.** Max o mi* 

£ e 4 Cath. 


Catb. Not ro> my lord ;— a twelve-month and a &xf 
I'll mark no words that fmooth-fac'd wooers fay : 
Come when the king doth to my lady come> 
Then, if I have much love, I'll givey on fome. 

Dum. I'll ferveithee true and faithfully till then. 

Cath. Yet, fwear not, left you be forfwom again* 

Long. What fays Maria? 

Mar. At the twelve-month's end, 
I'll change my black gown for a faithful friend. 

Long. I'll ftay with patience ; but the time is long. 

Mar. Theliker you ; few taller are fo yonng. 

Bir. Studies my lady ? miftrefs, look on me^ 
Behold the window of my heart, mine eye. 
What humble fuit attends thy anfwer there ; 
Impofe fome fervice on me for thy love. 

kof. Oft have I heard of you, my lord Bir6n» 
Before I faw you : and the world's large tonguo 
Proclaims you for a man replete with mocks % 
Full of comparifons, and wounding flouts ; 
Which you on all eftates will execute. 
That lie within the mercy of your wit : 
To weed this wormwood from ^our fruitful brain^ 
And, therewithal, to win me, if youpleafe, 
C Without tlie which J am not to be won,) 
You (hall this twelve-month term from day to izf 
Vifit the fpeechlefs fick, and dill converfe 
. With groaning wretches ; and your talk fhall be^ 
With all the fierce endeavpur of your wit *, 
To enforce the pained impotent to fmile. 

Bir. To move wild laughter in the throat of death ? 
It cannot be ; it is impoffible : 
Mirth cannot move a foul in agonv. 

Rof. Why that's the way to choke a gibing fpirit, 
Whofe influence is begot qf that loofe grace. 
Which flialJow laughing hearers give to fools : 
, A jeft's profperity lies in the ear 
Of him that hears it, never in the tongue 

5 «. fierce endeav9uA Fierce is vehement, rapid. So, in K»Jthti 
?f ferct extremes of ficknefj." S t a s ts N it 



Of him that makes it : then, if-fickly cars, 
DeaPd with the clamours of their own dear groans V 
Will hear your idle fcorns, continue then, • 

>lnd I will have you, and that fault withal^ 
But, if they will not, throw away that fpirit. 
And I (hall find you empty of that fault, 
Right joyful of your reformation. 

Bir. A twelve-month ? well, befal what will befal, 
I'll jeft a twelve-month in an hofpital ^, 

Prin. Ay, fweet my lord; and fo I take my leave. 

[To the King. 

King. No, madam : we will bring you on your way. 

Bir* Our wooing doth not end like an old play ; 
Jack hath not Jill : thefe ladies' courtefy 
Might well have made our fport a comedy. 

King. Come, fir, it wants a twelve-month and a day. 
And then 'twill end. 

Bir. That's too long for a play. 

Enter Arm a DO. 

Jrm. Sweet majefly^ vouchfafc me,— 

Prin. Was not tfrat Hedtor? 

Dum. The worthy knight of Troy. 

Jrm. I will kifs thy royal finger, and take leave : I am 
a votary ; I have vow'd to Jaquenetu to hold the plough 
for her fweet love three year. But, moft efleemed mat- 
nefs, will )rou hear the clialoglie that the two learnea men 
have ccmipiled, in praife of the owl and the cuckoo? it 
Ihonld have follow d in the end of our (how. 

Lang. Call them forth quickly, we will do fo* 

^ — demr gr^ns^'] Dtar (hould here, as in many other pUoet , Ve dtri^ 
Cid, odious. Johnson. 

I belieTcirtfr in this place, as in many others, means only tmmtdiati^ 
f$nfefuentisl. So, already in this fcene : 

full of dear guiltinefs. Stxevxns. 

7 The chancers of B'tron and Rofa/inef fufier much by coraparlfon 
with thofe of Bemdick and Beatrice. We know that Lov^s LabttrU 
£^ was the elder performance ; and as our author grew more ex- 
perienced in dramatic writing, he might have feen how much he could 
improve on his own originals. To this circumftance, perhaps, we are 
IwHHed /or the nvrc perfed conedy ofMucb sdi t^boui n^tlnng* S t x x v. 



Arm. Holla ! approach.— 

Entir HoLOFBRNES* Nathaniel^ Moth, CosTAiVy 

and others. 
This fide is Hiems, winter ; this Ver, the ibring ; the 
one maintained by the owl> the other by the cockoo. 
Ver, begin. 


Spr. When drntTues pieJ, autl*violeis hlue^^ 
And lady-Jmocks all Jil'ver'^bite% 
And cuckoo-buds ' ofjiUo*w hue. 

Do faint the meadoiws nuith delight^ 
7be cuckoo then, on every tree. 
Mocks marry* d men, for thusjingt he^ 

Cuckoo I 
Cuckoo, cuckoo, — O ivord of fear ^ 
Unf leafing to a married ear I 

S When iUxiespied^ Sec,'] The firft lines of thSt (bng that «eie tfuT* 
pofed, haye been replaced by Mr. Theobald. JonMtoK. 

9 Cuckoo-huds'^1 Gerrard in his Htrhal^ 1 597, fajt. that tbe Af 
euculi, cardamine, &c. are called « in Engliih cueko9 d&mtts, ia Ner* 
ftlk CantefhuryhdJsp and tkt Nsmftwcb in Chelhire laSe-frntk/* 
Shakfpeare, however, might not hate been fufficiently flulled b hoiiiy 
to be awate of this particular. 

Mr. Toilet has obferred that Lyte in hit Herbsl, 1578 and 15791 re- 
marks, that cowflipt are in French, of feme calleid cofuw^ ptme Ytre, 
and -brayes de coamu^ This he thinks will fufficiently acowBt for oaf 
author*8 euckoo-buds, by which he fuppofes eowjlip-brndt to bt Bcasti 
and further dife^s the reader to Cotgrave*s Di£ihm£ry, uader.ChBaiti- 
des— ^orv, and berbe a cofu* S t k 1 v e n s. 

Cuckiw-budt muft be wrong. I belie? e «ew/n^^aJ!i, thttmeiead* 
ing. Farmxr. 

Mr. Whalley, the learned editor of B. Jonfon*i works, aaoy )on 
ago propofed to rezd-^crocus buds. The cuckoo-flower, ha obftiwii 
could not be called j^rZ/ow, it rather approaching to the coloar of wbfi% 
by which epithet, Cowley, who was himfelf no mcaa botaniA, hat Sf* 
tiaguiihed it: 

«^tff M cardamine &c. Malons. 




When fiftpberds pipi OH oaten ftraws. 
And merry larks ai^e plonjo»un*s clocks. 

When turtles treads and rooks , and daws^ 
And maidens hleach their fumnur /mocks b 

The cuckoo then, on tvery tree. 

Mocks married men, for thus fings he. 
Cuckoo ; 

Cuckoo, cuckco,""^ ivord of fear, 

VnpUafing to a marry* d tar I 

WIa. When icicles hang by the ^all*. 

And Dick the Jhepherd blo<ws his nail. 
And Tom bears logs into the hall. 

And milk comes frozen home in pail. 
When blood is nift, and *ways befoul, 
'Then nightly fngs the faring owl, 

To'^who ; 
Tu'^whit, tO'who, a merry note; 
While greajy Joan doth keel the pot \ 

B When ickies Ldng by the wall,] t. e« from the ea?et of the thatdt 
«r odierroofingy from which in the morning iddcf are found dependiaf 
is fiM ahnndance, af^ a night of froft. So> in K» Henrj Jy « 
** Let OS not bang like roping icicies, 
•• Upon our boufes* tbatcb.** 
Oar aatfaor (whofe images are all takes from Atture) haf alludeA 
ia tte Temfejtf to the drops of water that after raiii Aow from facli 
cetoingly m dleir natural unfrozen fhite : 

** His tears run down his beard, like winter* tHrofi 
** From evei 9f retdt,^* Mai^oki. /> 

* — dotk keel the pot, 1 To keel the pot if to roo/ir, but in af^ar^ciiliff 
mannar : it it to ftir the pottage with the ladle to prevent the M» 
i^tmtr, FARMsa. 

Jiir. Lambe obferves in his notes on the ancient metrical HMBtarj •f 
fSba Batik </ FUdJefif that it is a common thing in the North ^* hr m 
mmd lervant to take out of a boiling pot a vtbeen^ i. e. a (mail qnnii* 
tity» Yia* a porringer or two of broth, and then to ftU up the pot widi 
~ c«id water. The broth thus taken out, is called the hetling wkeeo» la 
thiiMinncf grcafy Joan keeled the pot." Stxxvims. 

IV. Wlwt 



When all aloud the *wifui doth tUtv, 

And coughing drowns the par/on* s fa/w '^ 
And birds fit brooding in the /now. 

And Marian's nofe looks rtd andraiv^ 
When roafied crabs hifs in tbtbowU, 
Then nightly fings the flaring onvl^ 

To^nuho ; 
^U'*whit, tO'tvho, a merry note; 
While grea/y Joan doth keel tbepot. 
Arm. The words of Mercury arc harfli after thefoap 
of Apollo. You, that way j we, this way '. [Arpm^ 

3 — thepttrfon*s faw,] Saw feems anciently to hare meaAt» BOCMtf 
prefent, a proverb, a fentence, but the whole tenorof any inftnBSnti^ 
CMirfe.So,in the TrMgtdieffJobn Boebast traaflated bj LidgateybuA4« 

<< Thefe old poetes in their/atve« fwete 

«< Full covertly in their venes do fayne^ 4cc.** Stextiki* 
Yet in At you like it ^ p. 198. our author ulcs this word in thcftnfe 
•f a fentence, or maxim: *< Dead ihepherd, now I find thjjltmfi 
might, &c.*^ It is, I believe, fo ufed here. M alons. 

4 JFbm roafted crabe, &c] Crshs are cxob'afpkt* MaL0IIB« 
So^ in the Midfummer Niipt^s Dream t 

« And fometimealark I in a rcffip"* iotoi, 

'< In very UkeneTs of z roaftea crah,** STXBTXiit* 

5 In this play, which all the editors have conconcd to ceafMC» mi 
Come have reje^ed as unworthy of our poet, it muft be canibM thit 
there are many pafTages mean, childiih, and vulgar : and IbiBe vbidi 
ought not to have been exhibited, as we are told they were^ to a mtikn 
queen. But there are tatUttd through the whole many faarkt «f fc- 
nlus ; nor is there any play that hai more evident marks 01 tfaehaai ti 
Shakfpeare. Johvson. 

ACT I. SCENE I. Page 315/ 
nts €hild of fancy, that Armado hight^ &c] This, as I haft AeM 
in the note in its place, relates to the ftories in the books of diinfay* 
A few words, therefore, concerning their origin and nature, may iMkc 
unacceptable to the reader. As I don't know of any writer, wb» h» 
given any tolerable account of this matter : and efpecially at moofetf 
Huet, thebifliopof Avranches, who wrote a formal treatifeof tbs 
Origin of Romances, has faid little or nothing of thefe in thatfapcf6cii} 
«ork% For having brought down the account of romances to the btir 
Greeks, and entered upon thofc ^ompofed by the barbarous wdcft 
writers, which have now the name of Romances almoft appropriated V 
ChcDit jiepots the change upon his reader^ and iaftca^ of giying vs i* 



loeouAt of thefe books of chivalry, one of the moft curious ind intereft- 
ng ptrtt of the fubjedt he promifed to treat of, he contents himfclf with 
ilimg account of the poems of the Provincial writers, called likewifo 
romances; and fo^ undrr the equitnqueoi a common term^ drops hia 
proper fobjed^, and entertains us with another, that had no relation t» 
it more than in the name. 

The Spaniards were of all others the fondeil of thefe fables» as fuitr. 
Iflg bcft tneir extravagant turn to gallantry and bravery ; which in time 
grew io exceflive» as to need all the efficacy of Cervantea^s incomparable. 
frtixe to bring them back to their feofes. The French fuflfered anealier 
ewe firom their do£tor Rabelais, who enough difcredite^ the boioks of 
chhralxyy by only uftng the extravagant ftories of its giants, &c, as « 
•over ior another kind of fatire againft the r^ned poVukks of his couJi« 
tfymen 3 of which they were as much poilefled as the Spaniards of their 
rwmaatUk UrMvery : a bravery our Shakfpeare makes their chara£leriftitt 
}fL this deicriptjon of a SpaniA gentleman : 

A mam of complements, whom right and wrong 
Have chofe as umpire o/'/ibftV mv/Mj^ ; 
7'bit child of fancy, tbatArmado bigbt, 
Forinterm to our ftudleiyJbaU relate. 
In hjgh*born words, tbewortbofmain akntghff 
From tawny Spain, loft in the world's debate. 
The ieofe ot which is to this cfftCt : Tbis gentleman, fays the fpeal^er, 
ffoli relate to us tbe celebrated fiories recorded in tbe old rcwaiUes, and i* 
their very file. Why he (z^ifrom tavtny Spain, is becaufe thefe ro- 
mances, oeing of the Spanilh original, the heroes and the fcene were ge- 
nerally of that country. He fays, loft in tbe world's debate, becaufe tho 
fubjedsof thofe romances were the crufades of the European Chriftiang 
againft the Saracens of Afta and Africa. 

Indeed, the wars of the Chriftians againft the Pagans were the ge* 
neral fubjcft of the romances of chivalry. They all feem to have had - 
their ground- work in two fabulous monJdih hiftorians : the one, who 
under the name of Turpin, archbiihop of Rhelms, wrote the Hiftory 
and Atchicvemcnts of Charlemagne and his Twelve Peers ; to whom^ 
inftead of his father, they a/Tigned the talk of driving the Saracens out of 
JFrance and the fouth parts of Spain: the other, oiir Geoffryof Monmouth. 
Two of thofe peers, whom the old romances have rendeted moft fa- 
mous, were Oliver and Rowland. Hence Shakfpeare makes Alen^on, 
Inthefirft part of Henry VI. fay j « Froyffard, a countryman of ours, 
« records, England all Olivers and Rowlands bred, during the time Ed- 
** ward the third did reign.** In the Spanifti romance ol Bernardo del 
Carpic, and in that of RoncefvalUs, the feats of Roland are recorded un- 
der the name of Roldan elencantador ; and in that ofPalmerin de Oliva % 

' • Dr Warburton it quite nltUken In deriving Oliver from (Palmnin de) Oli- 
va, WDlchb utterly tnoomiMtable with the genius of the SpanlfhlancuaKe. The 
old tottiance, of which Oliver waa the hero io entitled in Spaniflu •* UiAorias de 
lot nobles Cavalleros Ohverot de Caflilia, y Artut de Algarbe, in Ibl. en Valiadolld 
ISOI, inlbl. enSevlUa, 1507 ;*" and hi French thut.*« Hiftorei d*OUvier dc CiAillt, 
St Artut d'Algarbe Am loyal compagnon, & de Heldae. Fille au Roy d'Aogle- 
cerre, &c. craoflnfe du Latin par fS.\X, Kamus,*' in (OU Oothiqae. k has alto t^ 
peared in £ngUOi« tee AiBes*« Typograph. p. 94, 47* PiftC T« 

•* ias cenizai f ." '" 
fcen from one /lory i 

cJc/t called Roldan, 
the kingdom of VJc 
angle back./lroke of 

•nother: t., ,„ Fren 
« f »n he oydo dezir, , 

WeJi exhaufted, the iff: 
nature. For after thar 
Jejr carried their anis a 
«y»antine empire, and 



iti., we find, that Trebi. 
cefvaUcsxs in the other, 
aouf Italian epic poets 

tog Orlando, or the FrenJ 
•^tra^fpofing the letter., 
mother, make it Orland. 


have a caft peculiar to the wild imaginations ol' the eaflern people. We 
haie a proof of this in the travels of fir J. Maundevile, whofe eaceffive 
Ittperftition and credulity, together with an impudent monkiOi addition 
to his genuine work, have m.ide his veracity thought much worfc of than 
Itdeferved. This voyager, fpcdicing of the ifle of Cjs in the ArchU 
pelagOy tells the following 11 iry of jn enchanted dragon. ** And aifo 
** asongeman, that wiftnotofthe dravoun, went out of the fchipp, 
<* and went throughe the ide, till rhat he cam t ) the caftcUe, and cam 
** into the cave; and went fo longe till th^it he f.>nd a chambre, and 
« there he faughe a damyfJIe, that kembed hire hede, and lokedt 
<* in a myrour: and fche hadde moche trefoure abouten hire: and 
<« he trowed that fche hadde ben a comoun woman, that dwelled then 
*< to receive men lo folye. And he abode t'll thedamyfelle faughe the 
** fchadowe of him in the myrour. And fche turned hire toward him» 
« and aikcd him what he wolde. And he feyde, he wolde ben hire 
*' iimman or paramour. And fche aHced him, if that he were a knyghte* 
^ And he fayde, nay. And then fche fayde, that he might not ben hire 
'< Iimman. But (che bad him gon azen unto his feluwes, and make hiia 
** Icnvghtei and come azen upon the morwe, and fche fcholde come out 
<' of her cave bcfoie him; and thanne come and kyfTe hire on the 
'* mowth and havr no drcJe. For I fchalle do thenomanerharmi ailc 
•« be it that thou fee me in lykencfs ofadragoun. For thoughe thou 
<' fee me hideoufe and horrible to Icksnonne, I do the to wytene that 
" It ii made be enchiuntcnicnt. For withouten doubte, I am none 
** other than thuu feefl now, a wt man ; and herefore drcdo the noughte* 
« And ayf thou kyH'c me, thou fchalt have all this trefoure, and be my 
** lord, and lord alfo of all that ifle. And he departed &c.** p. 29, 30. 
cd. 171$^ Here we fee the very fpiritof a romance adventure. Thia 
honcA traveller believed it all, and fo, it feems did the people of the 
ille. *^ And fome men fcyne(fa)s he) that in the ifle of' Lango If sit 
<* the doughtre of Vpocras in forme and lykencflle of a grot drago^p^ 
<i that is an bunJrcJ fuJir.e in lengthe, as men feyn: for I have net 
« feen hire. And rhcy of the ifles callen hire, lady of the land.** We 
' are not to think then, thefc kind of Tories, believed by pilgrims and 
travellers, would have ltd credit cither with the writers or readers of 
romances : whicli hu:n:;ur of the times therefore may well account for 
their birth and f.ivotirable reception in the world. 

The other monkish hiflorian, who fupplied the romancers with ma« 
ten ally was our GcoA'ry ofM-mmouth. For it is not to be fuppofed, 
that thefe rti/dten of /amy (ji Shakfpeare in the place quoted abovfy 
finely calls them, inUnualing ihM fancy hath its ir.fancy as well as matt" 
ktaJp) (hould ilop in the miJil ot fo extiaordinary a career, or confine 
themfelves within the I'lfVsof (he terra Jirma. From bim therefore the 
SpanifliromancVu tau]c the (firy of the Britiih Arthur, and the knights 
•f his round table, his wife Guenivirr, and his conjurer Merlin. But 
ttU it was the fame fubjcdl, (iflfential to books of chivalry,] the wais of 
Chriftians againft Infidels. And, whether it was by blunder or defigo* 
tiwy changed the Saxocit Inco Sarace&s* Ifafpcft bj dcfigoj for chi- 


r<ui the woo^ta im*f e, whkh taritcd ft^nnA ^n ajs «*|«, an^ ^m^j 
knigHet to try their Tworidf, t^a hrc^k t^irir lmiic«j umia, vm c^Wlf 
|h« tt^tUni ftn4 Spmhrdtj Smim v\4 SaramJ!^ i lb cMcI| «b 
tbtfj; tw4 Idem cgao<d«d. 

In thcfs old ramjuiCM there wis much rclifioui AipeH^lk« wM 
wlLhtMr*thfrrilr*v3g*ntJeji M tpp«»^« ^rti fr^m t!r«ir Ttn^ msb 
Slid Uticf * TKf fit ft ftjmancc of Lai^celot f»f the Like lai 11% Ai^ 
thar Aad hit KnJ|htf, ti eaired the inftory <>f SAiat Gtc^ Till 
tiinx Gr€A«i mrii ine rAm'>ut rfUck ^f the holy blo«d prtiea4e4 m k 
cctllc^i^tl Id» A vcHc! by Jaf<f pli c^f ArlmmttkeA. Sf» »iii>c&ct i| <dU 
K^rie Eklfan ofMonuubAm For m tkifedAji Dcuie^oi^aniy^^pA^ 
lipomeTiion were fiippofed t^ be the A^mei ctT haly o^cn* Aad Bihf 

devil, they never watUcd ht th« mar^dSmi* ta the ct4 v^masm^ 
%s^urLce]ot of the L^ks, we h^ive the d<»^rfne sfid dlf<j{4if)e «( ite 
'chufch ts form^Jy deliveitd at?F} ^tflbrn ^ > ^ n j*, «• Q ciifrjn 
•* (fay* the preither) ne i^aut tien fi k ■: r^pcjtunri «ii«M 

«' moatt &dajgiie de l^'anv^ur d'l poflrc ;uL^^ntuf, ttt ^^ ftm^ 9* 
** cotdt fi nofl pit trols i:hofc5 ; pfcmiisrwntiit p*r U duai^&S 4 
*' bouchej fccondcment une comrition ii« e®**!- i t kn^ ^ ng p 
<, peine dc caur^ & pti ocuvi^* d'aumfme Ar chArite. TcOt cil 1* ** 
«* Toye d^aimer Dirn. Or va & E te eonfefle c(i ttw ms.nmt 9tmm 
** U ^irdpHiiE? dc! mUm de tei can/tfteun, e^r cYft k %nt H wi^ 
^it .«0r tnaadele toy fcievcfi|U*^j dont grinjlcpartle ii-oH znT^fi^tt^^ 

• ** rtflt touieft fa dupelle. Le roy tint Jt-vkAi cux i^ui nud en fflcirM^ 
*■• i tenant foA pic in pp^nt de vlnt mtnut^ ^ '"^^»i l»lci Jeim drran«^ 
'■' &Ieur dit en foupk;iat, quUh priricjit' dc lay Vcfirfanj^^ a-^ jf mi b 

"^ « ph » vU peche ur, &c »^ A pres prin ft d rft I (5 1 i n e & d * e u A Jtt nMtdt lliO> 
J*' ment h rcccut/' Mencc^n find the divinity IcCturct ^f Qip QUmi 

mAd the pen&ace of his T^iiire, are both of thcai \n %ht rioulMil^ 
•%airy. Ufllyj we &id the knight^etrant, &ft<;r muefi tura^i^ t« ti^ 
- ^elfi and dilhirbaAce to che w^rldj frt^tjdfttly ended hb <&>«ifc| tti 

Charles V^ of Spain, in a m£»n«ft«ry j or turned herinlt* anjkaati 
' f*int In £ood carneft- An(! this Ag^m WjH let ui into iHe toif «f W 
^ dialogues bc'twe^a Sancha ^nd h\% maHer* where it i« gfirdyitJf*^ 
:*,»fbethcr he ihotjld not tnmfiin^oTirchbirtidp* 
■_^ Thek wcrefevtralcanfttof thU ftrange jumble tif n<fnfr^k^1^ 

• ITgtffii" As firft, the n.iture «f cbe filbjea, whidt w^i ji ^diei^to wf J* 
; inif^de ? fccoodly, tht .. ^ ■ \ the firft wt^ten, who vrcrt id^Pi 
; »Cli i snd thirdly, tht ^ r^j m»ny of thcmp ifl^hkh wm » oPf 
' en a reli|iou5 purpofe. \Vc k.-ui, thn CI extern c V. {ntc^^idal i* 
'and toarnaractit^ becatjfc \it uiideHlood they h^ aitich hlnderd t» 
*ii£rufadc decreed in the eouifieU <^f Vienna, " Turatanwoti V* * 
»*» haf!lJudia five juntas In Hgnlj Frantt^^ Atigli*. ^ Alaiusift* 

• *• *lii> noim^ift f tovifldii, in ^ulbtis w «oafa«vii^ ftMu^mili ea«o^ 


cialiter interdUit.'* Extrmv. Jk Toritesmeneh C. mk. imp, Kd. /• 
ious meiiy I conceiTe, therefore, might think to forward the 4e^ 
f the cmTades by turning the fondneis for tilts and tounumcnu 
hat cbaiingL Hence we fee the books of knight-errantry fo full 
emnjuftt and tomeamentsheldat Trebiaonde, Bisance^ Tripoly, 
Which wifo projedy I apprehend, it was Cenrantes*s intention to 
Je, where he makes his knight propofe it as the beft means of f«b- 
the Turk, to affemble. all the knights-errant together by pro* 
ttion*. WAiBvaroN. 

is generally agreed, I believe, that this long note of Dr. Warbur- 
is, at leaA, very much mifpUced. There is not a iingie paiTage 
s character of Armado^ that has the leail relation to snyfiory in M 
tee of ibivmlry* With what propriety therefore a diiTertation upit tt* 
r and nature ^ theft romances is here introduced, I cannot ice } and 
lid humbly advife the next editor of Shakfpeare to omit it. That 
lay have &e lefs icrople upon that head, I ihall uke this oppor- 
foftkrowingouta few remarks, which, I think, will befufficient 
iWf that the learned writer^s hypothefis was formed upon a very 
and impcifed view of the fubjed. ^ 

: fetting out, in order to give a greater value to the information 
1 k to follow, he tells us, that no other writer has given any 
ible account of this matter; and particularly,— that ** Monfeur 
, th^hijh^ ofAwrantbest vtbe wrote a formal treatife of the Origin 
manees, basjaid UttUer nothing of tbefe [books of chivalry] m that 
friff/wfri^.— The fad is true, that Monfeur Ht/et hasiaid very 
of Romances of chivalry $ but the imputation, with which Dr. 
roccdes to load him, oN—« putting the change upon his reader^* 
» dropping bis proper fubjeSi!** for another, << that had no relation 
lore than in the name,** is unfounded. 

appears plainly from Hnei*s introdu^ry addreff to De Segrais^ 
hisobjed was to give fome account of thofe romances which were 
popular in France, fuch as the Jtfirik of D* Urfi^ the Grand Cfrmg 
t Scuderi ftc. He defines the Romances of which he meana ta 
f to be **fiBions des enumtures amoureufes $'* and he excludes epic 
s from the number, becaufe..!^' Snfn let poemes out pour fnjet ariM 
r militaire ou politique^ et ne traitent tPameur mue par occafon \ let 
ms au contraire ont T amour pour fujet principeUf et m traitent la pO" 
t et la guerre que par imcidtmt, Jt parle de% Romans r/gnliers $ ear 
tpart des vieux Romans Franfois, JtalienSf et Efpagmls font bittL 
amoureux que miUtaires,* After this declaration, ivrely no one 
right to complain of the author for not treating more at large of the 
>mances of chivalry, or to ftigmadle his work as foperficial, upon 
int of that omiificn. I Aall ha\e oceafion to remark below, thac 
V. who, in turning over this fuperfitial work, (as he is pleafed to 
t,) feems to have fliut his eyes againft every ray of good fenfe and 
>bfervation, has condefcended to borrow BcQsn it a very grofs 

• 9zt Part U. 1. |. c. 1. ^ ^^ 

It. 11. T } Dr,W. 


Dr. W*8 own pofitions, to the fupport of which hit Ibbicqneot hBti 
and arguments might be expected to apply, are two; i. Tksi Ruuma 
efcb'rvalrj being of Sfatiijb eriginsif the heroes snJ the fcemt ^mtrt ;/- 
nerally of that eomntry \ ^.tbat the JubjeR of tbefe roMsncit murtthe 
crufadisof tbe European Cbriflians a^ainfi tbe Saracemt •fAfani 
Africa* The firft pofitibn, being complicated, ihould bedivitjed intolk 
two following; i. tbat romancei ofebivfUry were of Spaul/b 9ri^aei\ 
a. Tbat tbeberoes andtbefcene oj tb*m ^joere generally •ftkai eeantrj* 

Here are therefore three poHtiona, to whicn I ihall fay a few worii 
in their order j but I think it proper to premife a fort of definitioa of i 
Komance of Chivalry. If Dr. W. had done the fame* he moft hxn 
feen the hazard of fyftematizing in a fubjeft of fuch ezteoc, opoa «C0- 
fory pcrufal of a few modem books, which indeed ought not tD hot 
been quoted in the dlfcuflion of a queftion of antiquity. 

A romance of chivalry therefore, according to oiy nodon» is iff 
fabulous narration, in verfe or profe, in which the principal chanAca 
are knights, conducting themfelves, in their feveral fitoationt aad ai- 
ventures, agreeably to theinftitutions andcuftomsof ChiYaliy. Vkal* 
ever names the charadlers may bear, whether hiftorical or fiAicioat{ ai 
in whatever country, or age, the fccne of the adion may be ]aid» iiftk 
adors are reprefented as knights, I ihould call fuch a fable a Rcmaiict 
of Chivalry. 

I am not aware that this definition it more comprehcafive than it 
ought to be : but, let it be narrowed ever fo much ; let any other It 
fubf^iCuted in its room ; Dr. ^f^tfirft pofition , tbeur^mmmees oftkhnhf 
mtere of Sfan'tfi originaly cann^'t be maintained. Memfemr Hwtiwam 
have Uught him better. He fays very truly, that ** les^tmmMp*'^ 
the SpaniHi romances, '* font pofterieurs i nos Triftans et ^ mm LaBCe* 
lots, de quelques eenta'mes d^annea."** Indeed the fz€t it indKpataUe. 
Cervantes, in a pafTage quoted by Dr. W. fpeakt of Awudade Cmtk (tk 
iirft four books) as the frfi book of cbivairy printed im Spmim, Thoofk 
he fays only printid, it is plain that he means written. And indtci 
there is no good reafon to believe that Amsdis was written huig bdot 
it was printed. It it unnecefTary to enlarge upon a fyflem, which pltcei 
the original of romances of chivalry in a nation^ which hat none to fi*" 
duce older than the art of printing. 

Dr. W.^tfeco/td pofition, tbat tbe beroa mnd tbe fceme tf tbeft fv 
msncet were generally of tbe CTuntry of Spain, is at un/brtiinate it lit 
former. Whoever will take the fecond volume of Dm Trefmtf* tSit^ 
tbeque des Romans, and look over his lifts of Rvmtmms de CbevaJerkf *V 
fee that not one of the celebrated heroes of the old romaacet WM i 
Spanard. With refpe^ to the general fcene of fuch irregular and Cf 
pricious fidions, the writers of which were ufed, literally, to *'fife* 
airy nothing, a local habitation and a name,'* I am fenfible of the to* 
propriety of afl'erting any thing pofitively, without an accurate Ctf" 
mination of many more of them than have fallen in my way. I tUt^ 
however, I might venture to afTert, in direA contradiction to Dr. W. 
chat the fcene of them wat m»t general^ in Spain* My own Sfidem^ 


t&at It wat very rarely there ; except in thofe few romances which treat 
czprefsly of the affair at Roncefvalles. 

His laft polition, that the fubjeSl of thefe romanett wire the trufgdit 
^ the Eur^pea/i ChriftiatHy againft tbt Saracens of Ms snd Africa^ might 
be admitted with a fmall amendment. Ifit ftood thus \ the JubjtB ef 
Ame, or a few, of theje romances tvere the cryfadesy &c. the pofitiofl 
^rould have been incontrovertible ; but then It would not have been 
cither new, or fit to fupport a fyftem. 

After this flatc of Dr. W.*s hypothefis, one muft 'be curious to fee 
what he himfcif has offered in proof of it. Upon the twojirfi pofitioni 
he fays not one word : I fuppofe he intended that they mould be re« 
ceivedai axioms. He begins his illuftration of his third polition^ by 
repeating it (ivitb a little change ofterms^ for a reafon which will ap- 
pear). ** Indeed the wars of the Cbriftians againfi the Pagans were tbt 
general JuhjeB of the romances of chivalry. They ail feem to have had 
tbelr gnund-nocrk in iiuo fabulous monkijb hifiorians^ the #«r| vfbof under 
ibt name o/'Turpin, anbbijhop cf Rkeimsy wrote rht Hiftbry and At* 
chievemcnts of Ch.irlemagne und his twelve Peert ^^-tht other^ anr 
Genft'ry ofMoimoutb,*^ Here we fee the reafon fps^changing the terms 
oftrnfades and Saracens into wars and Pagans i'tor, though the ex- 
pedition of Charles into Spain, as related by the Pfeudo-Turpin, might 
be called a crufadc againfi the Saracens, yet, unluckily, our Geofliy 
has nothing like a crufadc, nor a fingle Saiacen in his whole hiftory : 
which indeed ends before Mahomet was born. I muft obferve tooy 
^at the fpeaking of Turpin's hiftory under the title of << the Hifiory of 
the jftehievements cf Ctarlerragne and bis twelve Peers^^ is inaccurate 
and unfcholarlikey as the fi£tiun of a limited number of twelve peers is 
of a much later date than that hiftory. 

However, the ground -work of the romances of chivalry being thus 
marked out and determined, one mi^ht naturally expcd fome account 
of the nrft builders and their edifices ; but inftcad of that we have a 
digrcftion upon Oliver and Rclandt in which an attempt is made to fay 
fomething of thofe two famous charadlcrs, not from the old romancct^ 
but from Shakfpeare, and Don Qnixote, and fome modern Spaniih ro- 
mances. My learned friend, the dean of Carlifle, has taken notice of 
the ftrangemiftakc of Dr. W, in fuppofing that the feats of 0/wr were 
recorded under the name of Palmer in de Oliva j a miftake, into which 
BO one could have fallen, who had read the firft page of the book. 
And I very much fufpefi that there is a miHake, though of lefs magni- 
tude, in the afVertion, that, <* in the Spanifi romance of Bernardo del 
Carpio, and in that o/* Roncefvalles, tbeftas of Roland are recorded 
sender the name ^f Kuldan el Encantador.'* Dr. W.^s authority for this 
aiXiertion was, I apprehend, the following pall'age of Cervantes^ in the 
firft chapter of Don Qnixote. « Mejor eftava con Bernardo del Carpio 
perqueen Roncrfvaliei avia muerto a Roldan el Lncantado, valiendjfe dg 
ia indufiria de Hercules^ quando ahogl u Ant ten tl bijo de la Tierra entri 
im hrafos.** Where it is obfervable, that Cervantes docs not appear to 
ffcik of more than one romance ; he calU Koldan el tneantado, snd 
F i z BOt 


not el eaiMMtaJor ; and moreover the word encsutrnd^ ii not to be mutO' 
ftood ai an addidon to Roldan'a name, but merely at a paiticipley a* 
prefling thi^ he was eneboMtedf or msJe ittvulntrshle by eucbmatwumU 

^nt this U a finaJl matter. And perhaps eucMmttd9r may be an cmrof 
the pfefs for tncMtsdo* From this dipcflion Dr. W. returns to the fab- 
3eft of die old romances in the fbUowing manner. ** TAts drhnmg tk 
Sarscent mtt 9J TrtMct Mini Sfsiup wot, at vtwfiyf thefmiJtS 0/ the elder 
romSMceu Aai the firjt that was trimted ia Spaim x»ss tiajsmeea Amof 
dh de GmJaJ*" According to all common rules of conlbnCkiQay I 
chink the latter fentence muft be underftood to implyy thnt Amt£i it 
Gs&Ui WM omecfthe eldet romances^ and that the iubje£^ of It was tk 
drMmg •/ the Sarscemt mit of FrMute or SfMi whereas, for the ica- 
Ibos almdy ^vtn, jtmsdii, in comparifon with many other romian% 
moft be confidercd as a very medtrm om ; and the fubjeft of it hai Ml 
die leaft connexion with mwy driving •/ the Ssracemt ^hMifieverj^JBtlt 
what follows isftill more extraordinanr* ** Wlten tbitfmhjtB wmu wd 
txbjufted^ the Of airs ef Ewefe afforded them auotbtr •ftbtfmmi 1 

For eJtir that tie w^krmf arts bad pretty wellclearad the mjihm oftb^ 
aahaffUabU neBt\ by the excitementt of the fefee, thay carried tbdr 
mrwu •ftaf Am iSh Greeee and jyia, f fapfart tba ByMaatmt 
amfiref attd newer the holy fepuUbre* This gave lirth t§ m, turn Ink ^ 
tamanettf which we taaf tall of thefecoad race §r claft* Aad as Amaiil 
deOaulatvtfi at the head ofthefirft^ /o, correffoadenth ta the MA 
Amadis de Orccia was at the head of the l0Uter.^mm,U is ImjfAhkt I 
apprehends to refer tbitfubjeS to any antecedent but that in die fi* 
ragraph laft quoted, Tiz. the drimng of the Saratemt aat af Fraatt aai 
SfMmm So that, according to one part of the hypotheils here laid do«a» 
the fobjcft of the driving the Saracens out of Fraace and Spaia» was well 
eahaufted by the old romances (with Amadis de CamU at the head of 
them) before the Crufades ; the firft of which is generally placed ia tbs 
.year 1095 ; and, according to the latter part, the crufades hsppfH ia 
the interval between Amadis dt GauU^ and Amadis de CrMcla\ a &aca 
of twenty, thirty, or at moft fifty years, to be reckoned backwaidi nofll 
the year 1532, in which year an edition of ^auiCt de Graecia ismei* 
doned by Du Frefnoy. What induced Dr. W. to place AmaSade 
Griteiait the htzd of hh fecond race or c/afs of romances, I caaaol 
gnefs. The faft is, that Amadis de Gr^tcia is no more concerned ii 
Jnfporting the Byxaatine empire, and recovering the hofy fefm/chre, lk» 
Jbnadis de Gaula in driving the Saracens out of France and Spain* Aad 
a ftiU more pleafant circumftance is, thzt Amadis de Crgtcia, throa|ll 
more than nine tenths of his hiftory, is himfelf a declared Pagan. 

And here ends Dr. W.'s account of the old romances of chhralix» 
which he fuppofes Co have had their ground-work in Tarpia*s hiftot7« 
Before he proceeds to the ethers, which had their ground-work ia osr 
P^ff'y* be interpofes a curious folution of a puszling queftson caocciB* 
ing the origin of lying in romances.— « i\r«r were the maajlraas rnkd- 
lijbments of enchantments, &c. the inventioa of the rmaamcers^ batfrad 
9poa eafiern talcs , brought thence by traveUenfrm thtir erajades aed 



jftlirtmaref f mbicb htdetdbavta eaft ptcuRar to thi wUd imMPtn^ikms 
of the taftern people. We bave a proof of tbit in tbe Travtit of Sir y, 
ifauHdeoile.'^HG then gives ut a ftory of an enchanted dragon in tte 
ille of Cos, from Sir J* MemndevUe, who wrote hit Travels in 1356 % ky 
way of Proofs that the tales of enchantments iez. wiiieh had beea 
current nere in romances of chivalry for above two hundred years be* 
lore, were brought by travellers from the Eaft I The proof is certidaly 
not condufive. On the other hand, I believe it would be eafy to (hew^ 
that, at the time when romances of chivalry began^ our Europe had a 
-very fufficient ftock of lies of her own growdi, to furniih materials for 
•every variety of monftrous embeUi&mtmu At moft timet, I CMtcfuB* 
and in moft countries, imported lies are ratlier fat inznry than 

Dr. W. comes now to that other ground-worlc of the ^ rontncei^ 
our Geoffry of Monmoutb* And him he difpatches very ftortly^ be* 
xaofe, as has been obferved before, it is impoffible to ii^ any tiling In 
liim to the purpofe of tritfadesf or SmrMttnt, Indeed, in treating of Spa- 
niih romances, it muft be quite unneceflary to fay much nHGufryf u» 
whatever they have of « tbe BrUi/b Artbur sndbit eowjttrer Meria^H 
nf fo late a fabrick, that, in all probability, they todc ft fiom the move 
modem Italian romances, and not from Ceoffrft own book. As ta the 
4oubt, '< ttfbetber it wss by blmnder or defgm tbat tbey cbtmgfd tH 
^MxoHi tBto Se^acens,** I (hould wiih to poftpone the connderation of Iff 
till we have fome Spanift romance before us, in which king ^Crf far la 
introduced carrying on a war zgun^Saractns^ 

And thus, 1 think, I have gone through the feverai h6tM and argti« 
nenti, which Dr. W has advanced in fupport of his tbird pofitioa. ' .In 
fuuportofhis tvjofirft portions, as I have obferved already^ he haa 
laid nothing} and indeed nothing can be faid. The remainder of hia 
.note contains another hypothefis concerning tbe fraufe jmmhU ofrnmo" 
fenfe and religion in tbe old romMttcesy which I ihall not examine* The 
leader, I preluroe, by this time is well aware, that Dr. W/s information 
4ipon this fubjed is to be received with caution* I Ihall only take a lit* 
tic notice of one or two fads, with which he fets out— ii*^ In tbefe old ro* 
minces tbere was mucb rel'igiout JuptrJIition mixed vfitb tbeir otber ex» 
€retva£anciet j as appears even from their very names and titles* The firft 
romance of Lancelot of tbe hake and King Artbur sfd bis knlwbtt it 
tmlUd tbe Hiftory of Saint Graal. — So another is called Kyrie eleifon of 
Siontaubon. For in tbofe days Deuteronomy and Paralipomenon n»er€ 
fmpfofed to be tbe names of holy men,^-l believe no one, who has ever 
looked into the common romance of king Artbur, will be of opinion, 
that the part relating to the Saint Graal was the frfl romance of Z^wrtf- 
iot of the Lake and King Arthur and bis Kniybts. And as to the other 
/uppofed to be called Kyrie eleifon of Montauhon, there is no reafon to 
believe that any romance with that title everexifted. This is the mif- 
take, which, as was hinted above, Dr. W. appears to have borrowed 
from Huet, The reader will judge. Huet is giving an account of the 
ffoaiancca in Don Qniaott 's library, which the curata and barber laved 

F f 3 6019 


from the fizmtt^^^" Ceiue qu* Us jugtnt dignts. d^etrt garden Jota fai 
quitre litres d* Amadis de Gaule,— PaTmerin d^AngleCerre,— Doa 
.BcUanis \ le miroir de chevalerie ; TiraAte le Blanc* et Kjrie ekifim 
de Mootauban ( car an horn v'uux tempt on cnyoit fue Kjrie tltijim tf 
PardiptmtMm etoifwt Us nomt de qmelqutt faints) od let Aibtilitex de U 
JOawstifeUt PUi/tr-di'ma-viey ct les txompcries de Im Veemt refejeey iost 
lbrtlouces.*'-^tis plains I think* that Dr. W. copied what be fays of 
KyrieeUtfonofMontauhaMf as well as the witticifm in hit laft fenteoce, 
from this pailage of Huet* though he has improved upon his original 1^ 
•iotroducing a faint Denteronomy^ upon what authority I know not. It is 
ftill moreevideot (from the paflage of Cervantes, which ia quoted below *) 
that Haetyrti miftaken in fuppofing Kjrie eleifon dt Montmm^am to be the 
name of a feparate romance. He might as well have oaade La Dama* 
felle Plaijir'de-ma'vie and La Veuve repefee the names of feparate ro- 
mances* All three are merely charaders in the romance of Ttraatt 
le Blame^^-An^ fo much for Dr. W.*s account of the origin and natue 
•f romances of chivaliy. Tyrwhxtt. 

No future editor o/Shakfpeare wiU^ I believe* readily confent ti 
omit the diflertation here examined, though it certainly has no nuvt 
relation to the play before us, than to any other of our author*8 dramas. 
•Mr. Tyrwjiitt^s judicious obfervations upon it have given it a value 
.which it certainly had not before ; and I thinklmay ventoietofbrtteUt 
that Dr. Warburton*s futile performance, like the pUmire which Martial 
.tells us was accidentally incrufted with amber* will be ever prt&zved^ 
ftr the fake of the admirable comment in which it is now enfirmd* 
■ q uae fueratvita contempta manente, 
Funeribus fada eft nunc pretiofa fuis« Mal om b« 

• Don (^. lib. i. c. 6. ** Valame Dios« dixo d Cara« dando una gTi> ^f^"* 
' que aqui die Tirante el Blanco t Dadmele aca, coaapadre, que htgo cueiica.'qw be 
' Mtodo ea cl on teibro de contcnto, y ooa mina de pafiitlempot. ^qmi mi Dm 
Mrie:^^ de Montnlvan, valerofo Cavallero, Y ^u bermano Tomas de Moa- 
ulvam y el Cavallero Fonfrca, con la bataUa que le valleiite Oetriaste [r. dt 
Tirante] hixo coo d alano, jf Uu agndescas de la Donxella Plazer de nei vUOt tm 
ht amoresy emba^ do la vmda Repofada^ y la Seabra Empcratrix, ninantirtidi 
JliS'i^^Ji^iif*'^*'' "***» 'ucmtbhr$mg9a^rtraMt4 


Pcrfons Rcprefentcd. 

Thcfcus, DuJte of Athens. 
Egeas, Father to Hermia. 

DSetrYus } ''^ ^'''^^ '^''^ Hermia. 
Philoftrate, Mafieroftbe Re<uels to Thcfcus, 
Quince, the Carpenter. 
Snug, the Joiner, 
Bottom, the lVea<ver, 
Flute, the Bello^s^mender. 
Snowt, theTinker. 
Starveling, the Tailor* 

Hippolita, ^een of the Amazons, betrothed to Thefeo^. 
Hermia> Daughter to Egeus, in kme with L3rfaiider. 
Helena, in love 'with Demetrius. 

Oberon, King of the Fairies. 

Tiunia, S^ueen of the Fairiet. 

Puck, or Robin-goodfellow, a Fairy. 



Moth, . 

Muftard-feed, J 

Pyramus, -^ 

jfr^/' [CbaraSers in t hi Inttrltide f erf ormul fy 

Moonjhim, \ '^' ^^"^""^^ 

or jvuDin-goooieiK 
o(rom> 1 

^' \Fairies. 

Other Fairies attending their King and !^im. 
Attendants on Thefeus and Hippolita. 

SCENE, Athcn$, and a Wood not far from it. 


Athens. A Room in tbi Falau of Thefeos, 



Tbt. Now, fair Hippolita, our nn^tiallKmr 
-aws on apace ; fbar nappy days bring in 
lother moon : bat, oh, methinks, h(^ flow 
lis old moon wanes ; flie lingers my defires« 

This play wat entered at Statisnen* Hall, Od« 8, i(oo. by Th*- 
I Fiilier. it Is probable that the hint for it wat received mm OSuni- 
s KnhbtU Ta/e, Thence it is, that our author fpeaka of ThSfet% 
hke of Athens . The tale bef ins thoi $ late edit* ▼. 86l i 

** Whilom as olde florics tellen us, 

" There was a Dmk that highte Thdeoi, 

** Of Atheneshewaslordandgovernoar, ftc^ 
gate too, the monk of Bury, in his tranflatlon of the Tragedia^ 
m Boebasf calls him by the fame title, chap, xii* L %l* 

'* Duke Thefeus had the vidorye.** 
on, in the tragedy of ^oc^/tf, tranflated from BwrifUtiUt ii^i$§ 
ailed Duke Crton, So likewife Skelttm \ 

« Not lyke Dnkt HamUcar, 

« Nor like Z)iiil« AHHmbaU.** 
have been informed that the original of Shakfpetre^s Ohenm ttti 
nil are to be fought in the ancient French Romance of B*9U do 
rrdtswn, Stiivxns. 

Au Warton remarks, (Ohftrvst. on Spenfcr'i F. Qj^v. \U 138,) thtt 
liis romance is mentioned among other old hiftoriet of the fame kiad 
Laneham's Letter, concerning Queen Elisabeth's Sntertainmeat at 
nelworth Caftle. It is entitled T/reyiiaMaii ixfloitt ef Sir Hugh of 
trJiat/M9 and was tranflated from the French by John Boorcniery 
-dBernen, in the reign of Henry VIII.** 

rhe Mldfummer-Nigbt't Dream I fuppofe to have been written in 
la* See AnAttmpt to sfarWin tbt ordtr of Sbohfpotro^t P/w> Vo**** 




Like to a (Icp-damc, or a dowager. 

Long withering out a young man's revenue*. 

Hip. Four cUys will quickly fleep themfelvcs in nights; 
four nighu will quickly dream away the time ^ 
And then the moon, like to a filver bow 
New bent ' in heaven, (hall behold the night 
Of our folemnities. 

Thi. Go, Philoftratc, 
^tir up the Athenian youth to merriments ; 
Awake the pert and nimble fpirit of mirth ; 
Turn melancholy forth to funerals. 


The pale companion is not for our pomp.— 

Hippolita, I woo*d thee with my fword. 

And won thy love, doing thee injuries ; 

But I will wed thee in another key. 

With pomp, with triumph, and with revelling*. 

'Enttr Egeus, Hermia, Lysander, tf^i/DEMET&ivi. 
• Bge. Happy be Thefeus, our renowned duke ! 

The. Thanks, good Egeus : What's the news witk 
thee ? 

^ge. Full of vexation come J, with complaint 

* Like to afiepdamt^ or a di^uagert 

Long withering out a young mans rivenue,^ 
•»-»Ut piger annus 

Pupillis, quos dura premit cuftodia matrum. 
Sic mihi tarda fluunt ingrataque tempora. HoK . Ma LOKi. 

3 New hent — ] The old copies read— iV&w bent. GoircQcd by Mr. 
Rowe. Malome. 

4 H^itbfomff with triumph, and with revelling*'] By triompJit •* 
Mr. Warton has obferved in his late edition of M ilton*s Poims, ^ 
56, we are to underftand /bows, fuch as mallu, revels, &c. So, asaii 
hx Xing Henry y LP. in : 

« And now what refts, but that we fpend the time 
" Withftately/rfariM/i>i, mirthful conick (hows, 
« Such as be/it the pleafures of the court.** 
Again in the preface to Burton*s Anatomie of Melancbohft i^Ut' 
*' Now come tidings of weddings, maflctngt, mummeries, entertata- 
menti, trophies, triumpbet, revels, fports, playes.** Jonfon, as tbc 
/ame gentleman obferves, In the title of his mafque called L««rt*r trbn^ 
through CaWipoHs, by triumpb feems to have meant a grand proceffio** 
and in one of the ftage-dlre^onS| it is ftid, « the triiunph is feea te 
•ff*/' Maionx. 


Agsiinft my child, my daughter Her mi a. — • 

Stand forth, Demetrius ; — My noble lord. 

This man hath my confent to marry her :— 

Stand forth, Lylander ; — and, my gracious duke, . 

This hath bewitch'd * the bofbm of my child : 

TJiou, thou, Lyfander, thou haft given her rhimcf> 

And interchanged love-tokens with my child : 

Thou haft by moon -light at her window fling. 

With feigning voice, verfes of feigning love ; 

And ftol'n the impreffioa of her fantaf; 

With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gawds *, conceitt* 

Knacks, trifles, nofegays, fweet-meats ; meftenger^ 

Of ftrong prevailment in unharden'd youth : 

With cunning haft thou filch'd my daughter's heart 9 

Tum*d her obedience, which is due to me. 

To ftubborn harfhnefs : — And, my gracious duke. 

Be it fo (he will not here before your grace 

Confent to marry with Demetrius, 

I beg the ancient privilege of Athens ; 

As ihe is mine, I may difpofe of her : 

Which (hall be either to this gentleman. 

Or to her death ; according to our law ^, 

Immediately provided in that cafe. 

The, What fay you, Hcrmia ? be advis'd, fair maid : 
To you your father fhould be as a god ; 
One that compos'd your beauties ; yea, and one 
To whom you are but as a form in wax, 

5 nU bath bnoUcyd^ The old copies read— This man hath be- 
witchM— . The emendation was made for the fake of the metre, by 
the editor of the fecond folio. It is very probable that the compofitor 
caaght the word man from the line above. Malonz. 

6 — ^ati;Jr,— ] i. e. baubles, toys, trifles. Our author hat the 
word frequently. The rev. Mr. Lambe in his notes on the ancient 
.metrical hiftory of the Battle of Floddon^ obferves that a gawd is a 
cbild^s toy, and that the children in the North call their play-thiogt 
gevdysf and their baby-houfe a go^vdy-bou/e, Stekvens. 

7 Or to ber death ; according to our laivA By a law of Solon*s, pa- 
tents had an abfolute power of life and death over their children. So it 
fuited the poet's purpcfe well enough, to fuppofe the Athenians had it 
bcfore.-*.Or perhaps he neither thought nor knew any thing of the 
matter. Warbvrton* 


By him imprinted^ and within his powstr 

To leave the figure, or disfigure it, 

Demetrius is a worthy gentleman. 
Her» So is Lyfandcr. 
The. In himiclfheis: 

But, in this kind, wanting yocr fallier*8 voioe. 

The other mud be held the worthier. 

Her. I would, my father loolcM but with my tft$m 
The. Rather your eyes muH with his judgment looL 
Her. I do entreat your mce to pardon me. 

I know not by what power I am made bold ; 

Nor how it may concern my modefty. 

In fuch a prefence here, to plead my dioaghts: 

But I befeech your grace, that I mayknour 

The worilthat may befal me in this cafe^ 

If I refufe to wed Demetrius, 

The. Either to die the death *, or to abjora 

For ever the fociety of men. 

Therefore, fair Hetmia, q ueftion your defiresy 

Know of your youth ', examine well your bloody 

Whether if you yield not to your father's choice* 

Vou can endure the livery ot a nun ; 

For aye ' to be in (hady cloiHer mew'd^ 

To live a barren filler all your life. 

Chanting faint hymns to the cold fruitleis moon* 

Thrice bleffed they, that maftcr fo their blood. 

To undergo fuch maiden pilgrimage : 

But carthlier happy is the rofc diftiu'd^ 

I'han that, which, withering on the virgin-thorn* 

* — fr dif tie Jeatbi'] Sec p. 5S, n. 6. Malonx. 

Knotv rfyouryrutty — ] Bring your youth to the ^ntftioBa Cdi^ 
fidfr your youth. Johnson. 

» For fl>v — ] 1. c. tbrcTer, Stxsvxni. 

* But f a; tMicr haf^fy is tbt r^Je diJUird,] Thui all the copiet ; yrt 
^rtiticr '\% fu haifh a word, and eartblkr bsppj for bmppltr ttrtbfy, i 
mo ic of fpfci h f > unufual, that I wonder none of the editon have pi9- 
pofcd fiirncr i.t/j/y. John^oK* 

It has finte been obferved, that Mr. Pope did propofe tarlUr. We 
might read, earthly haptitr. Stxxvcns. 

This a thought in which Shakfpeare feemi to have much delighted. 
Wejneet with it again inhii 5tb^ 6tb| ajid 54th "Sonnet, Malokx. 


rst lives, and dies» in fingle bleflednefs* 
r. So will I grow, (o live, fo die, my lord^ 
[ will yield my virgin patent up 
his iordfhip, to whofe un wifii'd yoke ' 
bill confents not to give fovereignty. 
'e. Take time to panfe : and, by the next new adoiu 
! fealine-day betwixt my love and me« 
verlafhng bond of fellowfhip,) 
I that day either prepare to die, 
lifobedience to your father's will ; 
fe to wed Demetrius, as he would : 
1 Diana's altar to proteft, 
ye, auflerity and Angle life. 
m. Relent, iweet Hermia ;--*And, Lyfander> jicl4 
crazed title to my certain right. 
/I You have her father's love, Demetrius ; 
le have Hermia^ : do you marry him ^. 
#. Scornful Lyfander ! true, he hath my love g 
kvhat is mine, my love (hall render him ; 
(be is mine ; and all my right of her 
tftate unto liemetrius. 
r. I am, my lord, as well deriv'd as he, 
ell pofTefsM ; my love is more than his ; 
brtunes every way as fairly rank'd, 
t with vantage, as Demetrius' ; 
, which is more than ail thefe boafts can be^ 
belov'd of beauteous Hermia : 
fhould not I then profecute my right ? 
etrius, I'll avouch it to his head, 
5 love to Ncdar's daughter, Helena, 
won her foul ; and ihe, fweet lady, dotes, 
utly dotes, dotes in idolatry, 
i tms fpotced^ and incondant man. 
e. I muft confefs, that I have heard fo much, 

.. to tohcfe utm>ilh*d yohi\ To, which !t wanting in the quartos 
ft folio, was added by the editor of the fecond folio. Malonx. 
et me have Hermia's do you marry bim,'\ I fufpedi that Shakf- 
ifiote : 

** Let me have Hermia; do you marry him.** Tyrwhitt. 
'fftfi^-»\ Atfj^tiefi is innocent, Co/j^mJU wicked* Johns. 

5 And 


And with Demetrius thought to have fpoke thereof; 

But, being over-full of felf-alFairs, 

My mind did lofe it. — But, Demetrius, oome ; 

And come« Egeus ; you fhall go with me, 

I have fome private fchooiing for you both.— - 

Far you, fair Hermia, look you arm yourfelf 

To nt your fancies to your father's will ; 

Or elfe the law of Athens yields you up 

l(Which by no means we may extenuate) 

To death, or to a vow of iingle life.— 

Come, my Hippdita ; What cheer, my love ?— 

Demetrius, and£^eus, go along: 

I mull employ you m fome bufinefs 

Againft our nuptial ; and confer with yoa 

Of fomething nearly that concerns yourfelves. 

Ege, With duty, anddeiire, we follow you. 

[ExeuntTn^s. Hip. £ge. 1>ei&. omdTraw* 

Lyf, . How now, my love ? Why is your cheek fo pale \ 
How chance the rofes there do fade fo faft ? 

Her. Belike, for want of rain ; which I could well 
Betecm them ^ from the tempeftof mine eyes. 

Lyf, Ah me ! for aught that I could ever read^ 
Could ever hear by tale or hiflory. 
The courfe of true love never did run fmooth ^ : 
But, either it was different in blood ; 

Her. O crofs ! too high to be enthrall *d to low • ! 

Lyf, Or elfe mifgraffed, in rcfped of years ; 

Her, O fpight ! too old to be engag'd to young \ 

6 Betecm them — ] Give them, beftow upon them. The wod It 
iifed by Spenfcr. Juhnson. 

I rather think that to beteem in this place fignifiei (at in tbeBOr- 
thern counties) to /)(;ar 01//; from /oototit, Dan i(h. StkevenI. 

7 The c'Mrje of true lore &c.] This part'agc fccms to have been iai- 
tatcd by MJkon. Ptfr/i^;/r /©/, B. lo.— 898, et fcqq. Malonk. 

8 — ,/oo high f ' be enthrairdto low !1 The old copies read — to hvt, Thf 
emcndacijn is Mr. Theobald s. It is fully fupportcd, not ocly bytkc 
tcnour of the preceding lines, but by a paiTagc in our author*! f^mt 
snd Adoni:, in which the former prcdids that the courfe of love oeio 
Iball run fmooth/^ 

** Sorrow on love hereafter Hiali attend, 

** Ne'er fettled equally, tog bigbf or /w, &c." Malon i. 

Z>/. Or clfe it ftood upon the choice of friends : 
Her. O hell ! to choofe love by another's eye 1 
Lyf, Or, if there were afympathy in choice. 

War, death, or ficknefs did lay fiege to it ; 

Making it momentany » as a found, \ 

Swift as a ihadow, fhort as any dream ; 

Brief as the lightning in the colly'd night ", 

That, in a fpleen, unfolds both heaven and earthy 

And ere a man hath power to fay,— Behold ! 

The jaws of darknefs do devour it up : 

So quick bright things come to confufion. 

Her, li then true lovers have been ever crofs'd^ 

It ftands as an edi^ in defHny : 

Then let us teach our trial patience, 

Becaufe it is a cuftomary crofs ; 

As due to love, as thoughts, and dreams, andfighs, 

Wifhes, and tears, poor fancy's followers *. 

Lyf. A good perfuaiion ; therefore, hear mc, Hermia^ 

I have a widow aunt, a dowaeer 

Of great revenue, and ihe hath no child: 

From Athens is her houfe remote feven leagues ; 

9 Making it momentany—-] Thus the quartos* The foil* reada 
^"momemtary, M alone* 

Momentany is the old and proper word. Johnson* 

' Brief a the lightning in the colly'd night ^ 

Tbatf in a fpleen, uufoIJs both htaven and eartb^'] Though the 
ytox^ fpleen be here employed oddly enough, yet I believe it right. 
Shaklpeare, always hurried on by the grandeur and multitude of hii 
jdeasy afTumes every now and then, an uncommon licence in the ufe of 
bis words. Particularly in complex moral modes it is ulual with him to 
employ one, only to ezprcfs a very few ideas of that number of which it 
If compofed. Thus wanting here to exprefs the ide as lof a fudden, or 
»-M a tricet he ufes the vford fpleen j which, partially conHdered, fig. 
tuning a haily fudden fit, is enough for him, and he never troublesbim- 
ielf about the further or fuller fignltication of the word. Here, he ufet 
the word fpfetn for a fudden hafly ft 5 io juil the contrary, in the Tw# 
Gentlemen of Verona^ he u(c$fudden t'ox fplencnck .— '< fudden quips.** And 
it muft be owned this fort of converfation adds a force to thedidlion. 


^^tbe collyM "'e<^'»] colly"* d^ i. e. black, fmutted with coal, a word 
ftillufed in the midland counties. Stf.ivxns. 

» —^osr fancy *s folionveri.] Fancy here and ia many other places 
in thefe plays, Agnifies love* M a l n s • 




And (be refpcds me as her only Ton. 
There, gentle Hermia, may 1 marry thee; 
And to that place the Iharp Athenian law 
Cannot puriue us : If thou lov'H me then. 
Steal forth thy father*8 hoofe to-mornnv-night : 
And in the wood, a league without the town. 
Where I did meet thee once with Helena^ 
To do obfervance to a mom of May» 
There will I ftay for thee. 

Her. My good Lyfander ! 
I fwear to thee, by Cupid's ftrongeft bow ; 
By his beft arrow with the golden head ; 
By the fim^licity of Venus* doves ; 
By that which knitteth fools, and profpers loves ; 
And by that fire which bom'd the Carthage qaeen t 
When the falfe Trojan under fail was ieen ; 
By all the vows that ever men have broke, 
la mimber more than ever women fpoke ;— - 
In that fame place thou haft appointed me. 
To-morrow truly will I meet with thee. 

Ly/. Keep promife, love : Look, here comes Hekm. 
Enter Hbleva. 

Her, God fpecd, fair Helena J Whither away ? 

HeL Call you me ^lir ? that fair again anfay. 
Demetrius loves your fair ♦: O happy fair ! 
Your eyes are lode-ftars ' and your tongue's fweet lir 
More tuneable than lark to (hepherd's car. 
When wheatKis ^een, when haw-thorn buds appear. 


3 «« by that f re that hurtCdthe Carthage ^ir«fir,l Shakfpeare hadftr- 
got that Thefeus performed his exploits befotetheTrojan war, andcoo' 
iequeocly long before the death of Dido. Stibviks. 

4 —/Mr fair:] Fair is ufed again as i^ fubftantire in the CiflMJf 
•f Error t: 

** —My decayed /tf/V, 
« A funny look of his would foon repair." 
Seep. 148, n. 6. Stx£tkns. 

5 Tcur eyes are lode-flan 5 This was a complement not nnfireqvnt 
among the old poets. The lode-ftar is the ieadini or guiding itar, that 
IS, the pole-ftar. The magnet is, for the famereafon, called the /fir- 
fione, either becaufe it leads iron, or bccaufe it guides the f&iior. Miin> 
k^s the fame thought in L* Allegro; 



Sicknefs is catching ; O, were favour fo* ! 
Your words Pd catch ^, fair Hermia, ere I go; 
My ear ihould catch your voice, my eye your eye. 
My tongue fhould catch your tongue's fweet melody. 
Were the world mine, Demetrius being bated. 
The rell I'll give to be to you tranflated '. 
O, teach me how you look ; and with what art 
You fway the motion of Demetrius* heart. 

Her, I frown upon him, yet he loves me ftill. 

HeL O, that your frowns would teach my fmiles fuch 

Her, I give him curfes, yet he gives me love. 

Hel. Og that my prayers could fuch afFedion move 1 

Her, The more I hate, the more he follows me. 

He I, The more I love, the more he hateth me. 

Her. His folly, Helena, is no fault of mine. 

Hcl. None, but your beauty ; * Would that fault were 
mine ! 

Her. Take comfort ; he no more fliall fee my face ; 
l,y fandcr and myfelf will fly this place. — 
Before the time I did Lyfander fee *^, 
Seem'd Athens as a paradife to me : 

O then, 

" Toiu*ri and battlements be feet 
*' Bofctnd high in tufted trees, 
** Ir here perhaps fome beauty lies$ 
'* The cynofurc Cf neighboring eyet.^^ 
DaYies calls Elizabeth, « lode-fione to hearts and Icde-Jiont to all 
tyet." Johnson. 

6—0, «;#/-* favour /c/l Favour is feature, countenance. So, lo 
^wdftb^Nigbt, Aft II. fc. IV : 
** thine eye 

<* Hath ftay'd upon (omc favour that It loves." Stbxvxns* 
7 Tour words I'd catcb^] The old copies read — I catch. Theehien- 
ditjon was made by the editor of the fecond folio. Sir Thomas Han- 
■tter reads— Yourx would I catch j in which he has been followed by 
the fubfequent editors. As the old reading (words) is intelligible, I 
luve adhered to the ancient copies. Malone. 

b ^^ to be f you tranflated. J To tranflate, in our author, fometinies 
iinifies to change, to transform. So, in Timon : 
** — — to prefent flaves and fcrvants 
*< Tr tfi»//<ir« his rivals." Steevens. 
9 Perhaps every reader may not difcover the propriety of ihefc lines, 
f^ HeimJa is willing to comfort Helena, and to avoid all appearance of 
Yti. II. C g triumphr 

O then, what graces in my love do dwell. 
That he hath turn'd a heaven unto a hell ! 

Lyf, Helen, to you our minds we will unfbtd: 
To-morrow night when Ph(£be doth behold 
Her filver vifage in the watry glafs. 
Decking with liquid pearl the bladed grafs^ 
(A time that lovers' flights doth dill conceal,) 
Through Athens' gates have we devis'd to fteal. 

Her, And in the wood, where often you and ( 
Upon faint primrofe-beds were wont to lie. 
Emptying our bofoms of their counfel fweet * ; 
There my Lyfander and myfelf Ihall meet : 
And thence, from Athens, turn away our eyes^ 
To feek new friends ai^d flranger companies. 
Farewel, fweet playfellow ; pray thou for us » 
And good luck grant thee thy Demetrius ! — 
Keepwordj Lyhmder: we muftdarve our fight 

triumph over her. She therefore bids her not to confider the pM 
pletfing, as an advantage to be much envied or much defired, 
Hermia, whom flie confiders as poHrefllng it in the fupreme degree 
found no other effe^ of it than the lofs of happinefs. Jormsoii. 

» Emptying cur bofoms •ftbeir counfel Cvfcct j] That is, empCpB 
bofoms of thofe fecrets upon which we were wont to confult each 
vri th fo fweet a fati sfadtion. H s a t h • 

The old copies read— ^wri/V ; and in the line next but one i 
tompanionu Both emendations were made by Mr. Theobald, 
fupports them by obferving that " this whole fcene Is in rhime. .8 
was eafily corrupted into fwell'd, becaufe that made an antitbc 
tmptying \ and «* ftrange compamions^ our editors thought was 
ZngliHi, but ^'ftrauger comfanlei** a little quaint and uniotelli^ 
Our author very often ufcs the fubftantive,^rair^rr, adjeCHvely, aad 
fanits, to fignify companions. So, in AT. Richard JL A€k 1 1 

«* To tread the j?rtfi»^rr paths ofbaniihment.** 
and in K. Henry V: 

*« His companies unletter*d, rude, and (hallow. •• 

The latter of Mr. Theobald's emendations is likcwife fttpportf 
Stowe's -^»/M/<fi, p. 991, edit. 1615: The prince himfcif was fail 
get upon the high altar, to girt his aforefaid compamiet with the Ofd 
knighthood." Mr. Heath obfcrves, that our author fcems to have 

thcfollowing pafl'age in the 55ih Pfalm, (v. 14, 15.) in his thoug 
«' But it was even thou, my companion, my guide, and mine owi 

miliar friend. Wc took fweet counfel together^ aad walked in 
boufc of Cod as frieadj.** Malqvs* 


lovers' food, 'till morrow deep midnight *. 

[Exit He r m I a • 
i I will, my Hermia. — Helena, adieu: 
a on him, Demetrius dote on you ! [Exit Lys. 

. How happy fdme, o'er other fome, can be ! 
!gh Athens 1 am thought as fair as (he, 
hat of that ? Demetrius thinks not fo ; 
11 not know what all but he do know, 
s he errs, doting on Hermia's eyes, 
admiring of his qualities. 
,s bafe and vile, holding no quantity *, 
:an tranfpofe to form and dignity, 
ooks not with the eyes, but with the mind ; 
lierefore is wine'd Cupid painted blind : 
ith love's mind of any judgment tafte ; 
J, and no eyes, figure unheedy hafte : 
lerefore is love faid to be a child, 
fe in choice he is fo oft beguil'd. 
ggifh boys in game* themfelves fbrfwear, 
boy love is perjur'd every where : 
e Demetrius look'd on Hermia's eyne ', 
[I'd down oaths, that he was only mine ; 
'hen this hail fome heat from Hermia felt, 
diffolv'd, andfhowers of oaths did melt* 
go tell him of fair Hermia's flight : 
:o the wood will he, to-morrow-nightj 
her ; and for this intelligence 
ve thanks, it is a dear expence : 
rein mean I to enrich my pain, 
'e his fight thither, and back again. {Exitm 

— vfben Fheebe doth behold Sec, 

- deep midnight,] Shakfpeare has a little forgotten himfelf* 
rs from page 441, that to-morrow night would be within three 
f the new moon, when there is no moon(hine at all, much leCi 
midnight. The fame orcrfight occun in A€t, III. fc. i. 

95 quantity A ^aVtty feems a word more fuitable to the fenfe 
mtity^ but either may ferve. Johnson. 

in game] Game here fignifies not contentious piay, but fportp 
• Spenfcrt « Uwixtearneft and'ttvixt game." JoHNtoir. 
Hermia's eyne,] This plural is commoa bo(h in Chaucer and 
. St«iv»ns, _«^,« 

G g 2 SCENE 


^hefame. A Rcom in a Cottage. 

Enter Snug, Bottom, Flute, Snout, QyiNCSr 
and Starveling*. 

^in. Is all our company here ? 

Bot. You were bed to call them generally, man by 
man, according to the fcrip^. 

j^/«. Here is the fcroll of every man's name, whick 
is thought fit, through all Athens^ to play in our inter- 
lude before the duke and dutchefs, on his wedding-day at 
night. ; 

Bot, Firft, good Peter Quince, fay what the play 
treats on -y then read the names of the zJSUus ; a;;d » 
grow to a point*. 

^in. Marry, our play is — The moft lamentablt 
comedy, and mbft cruel death of Pyramus and Thifby ^ 

Bot. A very good piece of work, I afliire you, and 

6 In this fcene Shikfpeare taices advantage of his knowledge of 
the theatre, to ridicule the prejudices and competitions of the play- 
ers. Bottom, who is generally acknowledged the principal ador, de- 
dares his Inclination to be for a tyrant, for a part of fury, tumult aai 
noife, fuch a^ every young man pants to perform when he firft fteps 
upon the flage. The fame Bottom, who feems bred in a tirlng-xooD, 
has another hidrionical palllon. He is for engro/iing every part^ and 
would exclude his inferiors from all poflibility of diftin£Uon* He it 
therefore deftrous to play Pyramus, Thilbr, and the Lyon, at the fame 
time. Johnson. 

t — the fcrip.] Afcrtp% Fr. efcr'ipt^ now written ecrit^ SxiKVEiri* 

• '^ grov) to a point,'] So, in the jirraignmemt of Psris, 1584* 
** Our reafons will be infinite, I trow, 
" Unlefs unto fame other point we grow J** Sticvxxs* 

9 The mofi Umintable comedy^ &c. This is very probably a bnrldG^ 
on the title-page of Cambyfex ; ** A lamentable tragedie, mixed Mi of 
plcafant mirth, containing, The Life of Camiifes, King of fm» 
cja, &c." By Tho Prefton, bl. 1. no date. On the regifters of the Sti- 
tioners' Company however appears « the boke ofPerymus and Thefij*^ 
2562.** Perhaps Shakfpeare copied fome part of hit interlude from it. 


A poem entitled Pyramut and Thijbe by D. Gale, was puUilked ii 
4to. in 1 597 j but this, I believe^ was poftcrior to the Midfrm 
Night* i Dream, M a l K x . 



a merry *. — Now, good Peter Quince, call forth youraftort 
by the fcroll : Matters, ipread yourfelvcs, 

^tfi, Anfwer, as I call you. — Nick Bottom the weaver. 
£of. Ready: Name what parti am for, and proceed. 
^in. You, Nick Bottom, are fet down for Pyramus. 
£0/. What is Pyramus ? a lover, or a tyrant ? 
j^/Vi. A lover, that kills himfelf moft gallantly for love. 
£ot. That will afk fome tears in the true performing 
of it: If I do it, let the audience look to their eyes ; 1 
will move ftorms, I will condole in fome meafure. To 
the refl : — Yet my chief humour is for a tyrant : I could 
play Ercles rarely^ or a part to tear a cat in % to mzkp 
all fplit \ 

" The raging rocks, 
" And Ihivering (hocks, 
*• Shall break the locks 

" Of prifon-gatcs ; 
'* And Phibbus' car 
" Shall fhine from far, 
** And make and mar 
*• The foolifti fates.'* 
This was lofty ! — Now name the reft of the players.— 
This is Ercles' vein, a tyrant's vein j a lover is more 

■ j1 very freed piece of work t — and a merry. "^ This is dcfigned as j| 
ndicule on the titles of our ancient moralities and interludes. ThusSlccl- 
ton*t Magnificence h called ** a goodly interlude and amery." St£IT. 

* I could play Ercles rarely y or a tart to tear a cat in A In the 
old comedy ot the Roaring girly 1611, there is a character calKd Tear- 
tatf who fays, *' 1 am called, by thofe who have feen my valour, Tear» 
r<f/«** In an anonymous piece called HiJiriomaftiXf or Tbe Player wbiptf 
s6io, in fix a^s, a parcel of foldiers drag a company of players on the 
ftage, and the captain fays, <' Sirrah, this is you that would rend and 
tear a cat upon a ftage, &c," Again, in Tbe IJle of Gulhj a comedy 
by J. Day, 1606: « I had rather hear two fuch jells, than a whole 
pltj of fuch Tear-cat thunder.daps.*' Stee vins. 

I mm^to make all fplif.] This is to be connected with the previous part 
«f the fpccch ; not with the fubfequcnt rhymes. It was the dcfcription 
of a bully. In the fecond a£t of the Scornful Lady, we meet with 
§* two roaring boys of Rome, thzttttade all fplit,** FAtMXii. 

'JTbe fame cxpreHion is ufcd by Chapman in his H^idow^s Tears, x^it^ 


G g 3 ^in. 


^n. Francis Flute, the bcllows-mcnder*. 

Flu. Here, Peter Quince. 

i^/if. You muft take Thifby on you. 

Fia. What is Thifliy ? a wandering knight ? 

^tM. It is the lady that Pyramus muft love. 

Flu. Nay, faith, let me not play a woman ; I havi 
beard coming. 

^uin. That's all one ; you fhall play it in a maik, a 
you may fpeak as fmall as you will^. 

Bot. An I may hide my face, let me play Thilby u 
I'll fpeak in a monftrous little voice ; — Thijne^ Thifner-^ 
Fjramus, my lover dear ; thy Thijby dear ! mnd lady iea 

^in. No, no ; you mufl play Pyramus, and. Flu 
you Thilby. 

Bot. Well, proceed. 

^in. Robin Starveling, the tailor. 

^tar. Here, Peter Quince. 

Sluin. Robin Starveling, you muft play Thilby's n 
thcr'. — Tom Snowt, the tinker. 

• — tht bellows-mcndtr,] In Ben Jonfon's mafqae of P««*x a 
mmerfaryy Sec. a man of the tame profdOion is introduced. I hxve h 
told that a Mlvmi-mender was one who had the care of 9fggUf 
gait, &c. Stzetens. 

4 '^Ms fmall as yeu will.] This paflage fhews how the wiat 
women on the old ftage was lupplied. If they had not a yoom n 
who could perform the part with a face that might pafs for faaak 
the charader was aded in a maik, which was at that time a pvt o 
Iady*s drefs fo much in ufe that it did not give any unufual afpe 
ance to the fcene ; and he that could modulate his voice in a leai 
tone might play tht woman very fuccefsfuily. It is obferved in Dovi 
Memoirs eftbc Flajhouje^ that one of thefe counterfeit heroines tem 
the paflions more (&ongly than the women that have fince been bioa| 
upon the ftage. Some of the cataftrophes of the old comedies, vhi 
make lovers marry the wrong women, are, by recolledion of the coi 
mon ufe of maflcs, brought nearer to probability. Jomn son. 

Prynne, in his Hifiriomaftix, exclaims with great vehemence thrw 
feveral pages, becaufe a woman adled a part in a play at filack^ars 
the year 1628. Stesvens. 

5 — ^au mujl play Tbi/hy's mother.'] There fecms a double fbi^getfi 
nefs of our poet, in relation to the charad^ers of this interlude. Ti 
father and mother of Thiibe, and the father of Pyramus, are here aei 
doned, who do not appear at all in the interlude j but Wall and Mooi 



inonv. Here, Peter Quince. 

^dn. You, Pyramus*s father ; myfelf, Thifby *s father 1 
•—Snug, the joiner, you, the lion's part :— and, I hope, 
hcTC is a play fitted. 

Snug. Have you the lion^s part written ? pray you, if 
It be, give it me, for I am fldw of ftudy *. 

^in. You may do it extempore, for it is nothing but 

Bdt. Let me pliy the lion too : I will roar, that I wifl 
do any man's heart good to hear me ; I will, roar, that 1 
will make the duke fay. Let him roar again, let him roar agminm 
■ ^in* An you ihould do it too terribly, you would 
fright the dutchefs and the ladies, thatthey would fhriek; 
end that were enough to hang us all. 

^IL That would hang us every mother*s fon. 

Mot, I grant you, friends, if that you (hould fright tht 
ladies out of their wits, they would have no more dxi^ 
cretion but to hang us : but I will aggravate my voice fo, 
that I will roar you as gently as any fucking dove ; I wiU 
joar you an 'twere any nightingale. 

Quin. You can play no part but Pyramus: for Pyramas 
is A fweet-faced man ; a proper man, as one (hall lee in a 
Ibmmer's-day ; a moil lovely, gentleman-like man; 
therefore you muft needs play Pyramus. 
, Bot. Well, I will undertake it. What beard were 1 

^in. Why, what you will. 

Bot. I will difcharge it in either your ftraw-colour'H 
leard, your orange-tawny beard, your purple-in -grain 
beard, or your French- crown-colour beard, yourperfefi 
yellow ^. 

ihine are both employed in it, of whom there it notthe leaft notice taken 
bere. Tmbobald. 

Theobald is wrong ^s to this lad particiriar. The latrodudion of 
Wall and Moonfiy'tne was an after- thought. Sec A€t III. fc. i. It 
may be obfcrved, however, that no part of what is rehearfed is after- 
vards repeated, when the piece is afted before Thcfcus. Steevzns, 

^ — /Jow o/" ftudy.] Study is ftill the cant term ufed in a theatre for 
fetting any nonfenfc by rote. Hamlet a(ks the player if he can ** ftudf* 
iifpeech* Stszvkns. 

7 wmmjour perfeii jtllovj^l Here Bottom agaia difcorors a true ge- 
G g 4 niui 


^in. Some of your French crowns* have no hair it 
all, and then you will play barefaced. — But, maflen, 
here are your parts : and I am to entreat you, requcft 
you, and defire you, to con them by to-morrow night; 
and meet me in the palace wood, a mile without the 
town, by moon-light; there will we reheaxfe : for if we 
meet in the city, we fhall be dog'd with company, and 
Our devices known. In the mean time, I will draw a bill 
of properties', fuch as our play wants. I pray you, fail 
me not. 

Bof. We will meet ; and there we may rehearfe more 
obfccnely, and courageoufly. Take pains; be pcrfed; 

j^//«. At the duke's oak we meet. 

Bot, Enough; Hold, or cut bow-ftrings*. [ExfttHU 

nius for the ftage by his folicitudc for propriety of drcfs, and his it- 
iiberation which beard to chufe among many beards, all unnatural. 


It was the cuftom formerly to wear coloured beards. So lo the oU 
comedy oxRam-Alleyy l6ii : 

** What cJour'd beard comes next by the window ? 

'^ A black man*s, I thinic ; 

" I think, zrtd; for that is moft in faflaion.** STliYXirf* 

' -* French crowns &c.] That is, a head from which the hair bat 
fallen in one of the lafl (lagrs of the Jues venereat called the ctrwtf «f« 
merit. To this our poet has frequent ailufions. Stxeykks. 
' 9,mmf}roferries,] /'/&/»(r//^j are whatever little articles are wanted it 
a play for the adtorji, according to their refpe^live parts, dreflesand 
fcenes excepted. The ^erfon who delivers them out is to this day ciUed 
Xht property mdn, Stesvens. 

* — Holdf or cut bzw -firings.'] To meet| Vf better iotu-firifisbtH 
'cr are cutf is to meec in all events. To cut the bowftring, whenbovi 
were in ufe, was probably a common practice of thofe who bore cnnv'ty 
to the archer. **• He hath twice or thrice cut Cupid^s ^^w/f/ivr, [itp 
Don Pedro in Much ado about nothing,) and the little hangman dareooc 
Aoot at him.** Ma lone. 

Ho/d, or cut cod-piet e puint^ is a proverb to be found in Ray^s Ci^ 
leftion, p. 57. edit 1737. Colliws, 



A Wood mar Athens. 

E/!ter a Fairy at one door, and Puck at tauthtr. 

Puck* How now rpirit ! whither wander you } 
^ai. Over hill, over dale*. 

Thorough bufh, thorough briar. 
Over park, over pale. 
Thorough flood, thorough fire, 
I do wander every where. 
Swifter than the moones fpherc' ; 
And I fervc the fairy queen. 
To dew her orbs* upon the green : 
The cowflips tall her penfioners be ' ; 

* Ovtr hill, ovir dale, &c] Sq Drayton in hit Court of F^airj : 
** Thorough brake, thorough brier, 
« Thcrougb muck, thcrough mire, 
« Thirougbivaterf thorough fire »* Johnson. 
% 1.*. the m^or\t% jphere\\ Unlels wcfuppofe this to be the Saxon geni- 
tive cafe, (as it is here printed,) the metre will be defe^ve. So, in m 
letter from Gabriel Harvey to Spenfcr, 1580: « Have we nqt Goihyt 
wrmby for GodJirr wrath, and a thoufand of the fame ftampe, wherein 
the corrupte orthography in the mode, hath been the fole or principd 
caufe of corrupt profodyc in over-many ?** Steevins. 

4 To d^vj her orbs upon the greet! ;] The Orbs here mentioned are the 
circles fuppofcd to be made by the fairies on the ground, whofe verdurp 
proceeds from the fairy's care to water them. Thus Drayton : 

** They in thtir courfet make that round, 
•• In meadcivs and in rr.arjhei found, 
** Of them ^0 called tie j airy ground.^"* JoHNSON. 
Thus in Olaui Magnus de Gentibus SeptentrionaHbus : ''•^fimiles illit 
fytStfia, quae in multis locis, prxfertim nu£lurno tempore, (uum' falta^ 
toriunt orbtm cum omnium mularum conccntu verfare folent." It ap- 
pears from the fame author, that thcfe dancers always parched up the 
grals, and therefore it is properly made the office of Puck to refrefh it. 


5 The conv flips tall her penfioncrs be ;] i. e.her guards. The gp/den- 
coated cowflips were chofcn by the author as pmfioners to the Fairy 
Queen, the drefs of the Band of Gentlemen Fenfioners being in the 
time of Queen Elizabeth very fplendid, and (as we learn from Ofbornc) 
tht taiieft dind haodfomeft men being generally chofen by her for that 



In their gold coats fpots you fee* ; 

Thofc be rubies » fairy favours. 

In thofc freckles live their favours : 
I muft go feek fortie dew-drops here. 
And hang a pearl in every cowflip's car ^. 
Farewel, thou lob offpirits*, I'll be gone ; 
Our queen and all her elves come here anon. 

Puck. The king doth keep his revels here to night j 
Take heed, the queen come not within his fight* 
For Oberon is paf&ng fell and wrath, 
Becaufe that f^c, as her attendant, hath 
A lovely boy, flol'n from an Indian king ; 
She never had fo fweet a changeling ^ : 
And jealous Oberon would have the child 
Knight of his train, to trace the fbrefts wild: 
ButSie, perforce, withholds the loved boy. 
Crowns him with flowers, and makes him all her joy ) 
And now they never meet in grove, or green. 
By fountain clear, or fp^ngled ftar-Ughtlhcen ', 

efiice. See Vol. I. p. 234^ m 5; The aIlu£on was pointid oot t^ 
J^r. Steevens. Malonz* 

Th« cowflip was a favourite among the fairies* Johnmk* 
^ Jn their gold coats fpots you Jet ^"l Shakfpeare, in CjmMBi^ vAm 
to the fame red fpots 1 

" A mole ctnqui'fpotted^ like tbecrimfon dropi 
** /* the bottom of a c&wflip/* Pxacr. 
7 Atid bang a pearlin every coxoJJip^ scar.] The fame thoo^occnf 
in an old comedy caird the ffyJom of DoQor DodypUi^ s6oo. Af 
enchanter fays : 

" Twas I that led you through the painted meads 
« Where the light fairies danced upon the flowert, 
•* Hanging on everv leaf an orient pearl, " Stxxviiis* 
B ^^ lob tffpirits,] Lolf lubber, looby, lobcockf all deilot« b«Ckis- 
adivlty of body and duUnefs of mind. Johnson* 

So, in the Knhbt of tbe Burning Pefile, by B. and Fletcher: «« Tbat 
Is a pretty tale ofa witch that had the devil's mark about her, that W 
a giant to her fon, that was called Ltb-lye-by-tbe-fre,^^ This haag 
fecms to be of kin to the lubbar- fiend of Milton, as Mr* Warton bai 
remarked in his Obfervations on tbe Faery ^een, Stxxvxns. 

9 — cbangeiing .-] Cban^eling is commonly ufed for the child fop- 
pofed to be left by the fairies, but here for the child taken away. 


« m^/heen,} Shininf, bri^jht, gay, Johnson. 


But they do fquare * ; that all their elves, for fear. 
Creep into acorn cups, and hide them there. 

Fat. Either I miftake your ihape and making quite. 
Or elfe you are that ftirewd and knavilh fprite, 
Call'd Robin Good-fellow ' : are you not he. 
That fright ♦ the maidens of the villagery ; 
Skim milk ; and fometimes labour in the quern ', 
i^nd bootlefs make the brcathlefs houfewife chum ; 


2 But thtyiof quart \\ To f<fitMr*\itjt IS to quarrel* TheFraicih 
word CMtretarrer has the fame import. Joh k son* 

SOf in yack Drums E/ittrtainment, l6oi : 

<< .. pray let me go, for he'll begin to/fuart*^ StlxirBirf* 
It ufomewhat whimfical, that the glaziers ufc the wor^/^MwanJ 
ftuurrtl^% fynonymous terms, for a pane of gJaff. Blackstokk* 

3 ^m Rtbin GoodfeiUwj^ This account of Robia Go^.fellow cor* 
r«lpondsy in etery article, with that givea of him in HarftntCt Dt" 
€lsrmio»i ch. XX. p* 134 : << And if that the bowle of curds and creame 
were aot duly fet out for Robin Cood-fetlow, ths frier, and Side thtf 
dajfy-q>aid, why then either the pottage was burnt to next day in tho 
pot, or the checfes would not curdle, or the butter wonld not come, ot 
she ale )« the fat never would have good head. But if a Pertcr-peany or 
aa houflepeggc were behind, or a patch of tythe nnpaid,— »the/» *ware 
•*-of buU-beggars, fpirits, &c.'* He is mentioned by Cartwright [OrJi^ 
mary, AA 111* fc. i.] as a fpirit particularly fond of difconcertimg aii^ 
4iftiirbtBg domeilic ^^eace and crconomy. T. Wabton. 

Reginald Scot gives the fame account of this frolickfome fpirit, ra 
hMDijcovtryo/H'ucbcrafty Lond. 158ft. 4to. p. 66. « Yoorgrandamee 
maidS) were wont to fct a bowl of milk for him, for his paint in grinds 
ing oi malt and muAard, ;ind fweeping the houfc at midnight— thif 
filijie bread and bread and milk, was his (landing fee/' Stextens. 

4 That fright — ] The old copies rc^^ frights ^ and in grammatical pro^ 
priety, I believe, this verb, as well as thofe that follow, ihould agree 
with the perfonal pronoun it, rather than with jront If fo, our author 
Offght to have v^'nticn-^f ri^kts.JiimSf latcursf mahs, and mijtrads» The 
other, however, being tne more common ufage, and that which he haa 
preferred, I have correded the former word. Malonx. 

3 Skim milk) and f^metimes labour in tht quern f 
And bootUfs make the breatbUjs biuffun/e tburn]] The fenfe of thefe 
liset is confuied| Are not you hi, fays the fairy, that /right the country 
ftrlsi that fltlm milk, ivorkin ti::i band-miil, and makt the tirtd dmry^ 
%uom4tm eburn 'without effttl f The mention of the mill feems oot of place^ 
for Hie is not row telhng the good but the evil that he does. Jon^t t. 

Perhaps the conftrudtion is— and fometimes make the breathleff 
houfewife labour in the quern, and bootlefs churn. This would ob* 
viafie the objc^ion made by Dr. Johnfoni via* that *< the mention of 


And fometimc make th« drink to bear no barm^; 
Miflead night-wanderers, laughing at their harm ? 
Thofc that Hobgobiin call you, and fweet Puck^, 
You do their work, and tliey (hall have good luck : 
Are not you he ? 

Puck. Thou fpeak'ft aright «; 
I am that merry wanderer of the night. 

the mill !s out of place, for flie Is not now telling the good but die evi 
tixat he does.** Malgnz. 

A ^tfsrnls a hand-mill, lcuema,moAr. Iflandic. STKSTxyt. 

6 .» no barm;] Barme is a name for ftttft, yet ufed in oar midUfil 
counties, and univerfally in Ireland. Stieyens* 

1 Tbofrtbat Hobgoblin call ywi and fwett Puck^ tct*'] Tothofetn* 
4itionary opinions Milton has reference in V Allegro* A like accout 
of Pu£k is given by Drayton, in his Nymphidia, — Whether Draytoi sT 
Shakfpeare wrote Aril, I cannot difcover. Johnson. 

The editor of the Canterbury Tales of Cbaucer^ in 4 ToUy 8vo. I77$» 
has incontrovertibly proved Drayton to have been the ifblk>wer of Shak- 
fpeare \ for, fays he, « Don Sluixot (which was not publifliedcill 1605.) 
is cited in the Nymfbid'ta, whereas we have an edition of the Midjam' 
mer-'Nigbt* t Dream in 1 600.** Stievens. 

Don ^ixoUf though publiihed in Spain in 1605, was probably Uttfe 
known in England till Skelton*s tranflation appeared in i6xi. Drsj* 
ton*s poem was, I have no doubt, fubfequent to that year. Theearlicft 
edition of it that I have feen, was printed in 1619. Malonk. 

—. fweet PmcjT,] The epithet i^ by no means fuperfluoos; at Ptck 
alone was far from being an endearing appellation. It fignified aothiai 
better than fand or devil* So, the author of Pieret Pht/gbmmn p«ttl^ 
'pouk for tbe dexiU fol. Ixxxx. b. v. penult. See alfo fol. iavii. v. 15. 
«< none belle powke." 

It feems to have been an old Gothic word. Puke^frnkem | St^biBStt 
Cndm. And* Lexicon, Jjland* Tyewritt. 

So, in ^'^ntax^t Epttbalamionf 1595 : 

" Ne let houfe-fyre«, norlightning*s helpelefle hannty 

« Ne let th.€pouke, nor other evil fpright, 
** Ne let mischievous witches with their charmes 
•* Ne let hobgoblins &c.** Stievens. 

' Puck. Thou fpeak ft ar-gbt ;] I would Ail up the verle which I fsp* 
pofe the author left complete : lam^ thou fpeak'ft aright. 

It feems that in the Fairy mythology Puck, or. Hobgoblin, wss tBs 
trufty fcrvant of Oberon, and always employed to watch or deted the 
intrigues of Qucn Mab, called by Shakfpeare Titanla. For in Drayloo'i 
Is,ympbidia, the fame fairies are engaged in the fame bufincfs. Mak 
has an amour with Pigwiggen ; Oberon being jealous, fends Hobgoblia 
to catch them, and oac of Mab*8 nymphs oppofes him by a fpeil. 



to Oberon, and make him fmile, 
1 1 a fat and bean-fed horfe beguile^ 
hing in likenefs of a filly foal : 
fometime lurk I in a goflip's bowl, 
ry likenefs of a roaftcd crab ^ ; 

when (he drinks, againflher lips I bob, 
on her wither 'd dew-lap pour the ale. 
^ifefl aunt S telling the iaddeft tale, 
time for three-foot llool millaketh me ; 
1 (lip I from her bum, down topples (he, 
tailor cries ^, and falls into a cough ; 
then the whole quire hold their hips, and lofTc * i 
waxen* in their mirth, and neeze, and fwear 
jrricr hour was never wafted there. — 
oom. Faery S here comes Oberon. 
/. And here my miftrefs: — * Would that he were 
gone ! 

Oberon^, at one door, *witb his train y and Tita- 

N I A ^ , at another y tvith hers, 
e. III met by moon-light, proud Titania. 

• a rcafiid crab ;] 1. e. a crab apple. So again xnLove's Lahitr^s 

** When I cafted crabs hifs in the bowl. M a lon i . 
'be noifeji aunt,J Though aunt in many ancient £ngll(h books 
a procurefif 1 believe it here only fignifies an old woman in ge- 

W tailor cries,"] The cuftom of crying taylor at a fudden fall back* 

I think I remember to have obferved. He thatflipf befide hia 
'alls as a taylor fquats upon his board* The Oxford editor, and 
'arburton after him, ttzd and rails or criety plaufibly, but I believe 
htly. Beiides, the trick of the fairy is reprefcnted as producing 
mertiment than anger. Johnson. 
- bold tbeir hips, and loffe ;] 

And laughter holding both his fides.** Miltow, Steevins* 
W nvaxen] And encreaje, as the moon waxes* Johnson. 
ut room. Faery.] The word|Fairy or Faery, was fometimes of 
yllablcs, asofrcn inSpenfer. Johnson* 

nttr Oberon,] The judicious editor of the Canterbury Tales of 
er, in his Introdufiory difccurfe, rSee vol. iv. p. l6l.) obferves, 

Pluto and Proferpina in the MercbanCsTale^ appear to have been 
e progenitors of Shakfpeare*6 Oberon ztidTitania,^* Stzevkns. 
ifania.] As to the Fairy ^eenf (fays Mr. Wartontn KxtObferm 
( on Sptnftr^) coftfidcred apart from th» rac« of fairitii the notion of 



7/Vfl. What, jealous Obcron? Fairy, fltip lience; 
I have forfwom his bed and company. 

Ohe. Tarry, raih wanton ; Am not I thy lord \ 

Tita. Then I muft be thy lady : fiat I know 
When thou haft ftol'n away from fairy land« 
And in the fhape of Corin fate all day. 
Playing on pipes of corn, and verfing love 
To amorous Phillida. Why art thou here. 
Come from the fartheft fteep of India ? 
But that, Ibrfooth, the bouncing Amazon, 
Your buflun'd miftrefs, and your warrior love. 
To Thefeus muft be wedded ; and you come 
To give their bed joy and profperity. 

Oh. How canft thou thus, for (hame, Titania, 
Glance at my credit with Hippolita, 
Knowing I know thy love to Thefeus ? 
Didft thou not lead him through the glimmering nijk* 
from Perigenia, whom he ravifhed * ? 
And make him with fair y£gle break his ^th. 
With Ariadne, and Antiopa ? 

Tita. Thefe arc the forgeries of jealoaiv : 
And never, fince the middle fummer*s fpnng'^ 
Met we on hill, in dale, foreft, or mead. 
By paved fountain*, or by ruftiy bnx>kj 


fuch an imaginary perfonage was Tcry common. Chaucer, in hiili^4 
JSir Tbo^asf mentions her, together with a Fairy land. Stxbtevs^ 

' —z^rotf^^ r^^ glimmering fri^^rl The glimmeriMg might hihltta^ 
faintly illuminated by ftars. In Macbeth our author fajrs^ 

" The weft yet glimmers with feme /beaks of day.** Stibt. 

9 From Perigenia, 'Ofbom be ravi/bed f 1 In North's tranilatioa d 
Plutarch (Life of Thefeus) this lady is czWti Perigommm. The altsaMi 
was probably intentional, for the fake of harmony. Her real oaae vu 
Perigum. Malon£. 

' And nevery Jince the middle fummer^t fpring, fcc.] By the wSiA 
fummer^ s fpringy our author feems to mean the beginning of wadik^ 
mid fummcr. Spring for begirtnlng he ufcs again \ He%ry ly. P. !!• 
** Asfla'vus congealed in the fpring of day,** Stsbvcns. 

So HolJnlhed, p.494:-~«< the msrowc after about the faring of ^ 
daie"— . Malunc* 

* -^pavrdfsuntain ; ] A fountain laid round the edge with ftoofi. Jbav** 

Perhaps />ii<i/r// at the bottom. So, Lord Bacon in his Eff^on C0* 
dpu i <• Am for the Pthcr kind Qifount^im^ which wc nay ^ a back' 


MIDsIjMMER.NIGHT'8 dream. 46J 
Or on the beached margent ^ of the fea. 
To dance our ringlets to the whirling wind» 
But with thy brawls thou haft difturb'd our fport* 
Therefore the winds, piping to us in vain ♦, 
As in revenge have fuck'd up from the fea 
Contagious fogs ; which falling in the land« 
Have every pelting river ' made fo proud. 
That they have overborne their continents ^ : 
The ox hath therefore ftretch'd his yoke in vain> 
The ploughman loft his fweat ; and the green com 
Hath rotted, ere his youth attainM a beard ^ : 
The fold ftands empty in the drowned field. 
And crows are fatted with the murrain flock • ; 
The nine-men's morris is fill'd up with mud' 1 


Ing-pooi, It may admit much curiofity and beauty At that the 

Attorn be finely paved • . • • xhtjides likewlfe, &c.*' Ste e ve n e* 

3 Or on the beached margent-^'] The old copies read^^Or in* CoiV 
teAed by Mr. Pope. Malone. 

4 m^tbevfindsf piping'^ So, Milton t 

«* ff^biU reeking "Winds are piping foud,** Johnson* 

5 -^ pelting riverl Thus the quartos : the folio rezdi petty. ShaV« 
fpeare has in Lear the fame word,— /ow pelting /tfrms. The meaning is 
j^unly, de/picahle, meanyforryy wretched i but as it is a word without 
any reafonable etymology, 1 £bould be glad to difmlfs it for petty : yet 
it is undoubtedly right. We have *' petty pelting officer in Meajurej99 
Jdeafure** Johnson. 

This word is always ufed as a term of contempt. Stxevens* 

6 m^ overborne their continents :] Born down the banks that contained 
^eni« So, in Lear t 

•* clef e pent-up guilt Sf 

** Rive your concealing continents !*' John soK« 

7 I 1 and the green corn 

Hath retted, ere bis youth atain^d a htud i] So, in oarauthor^t 
;|;tth Sonnet : 

** And fununer*s green all girded up in fbeavet^ 
«* Borne on the bier with white and briftly heard.^ Malon K« 
■ -^ murrain ^<)ri ;] The murrain is the plague in cattle. It is 
jbere ufed by Shakfpeare as an adjedive 5 as a fubftantive by others. 

• ^be nine ment mcrris itfilPd up with mnd^l '** **^ P'*^ of War- 
wickfliire were Shakfpeare was educated, and the neighbouring parts of 
Korthamptonihire, the (hepherds and other boys dig up the turf with 
their knives to reprefent a fort of imperfe^ chefs-board. It confifts of 
a f^uart^ fonetimcs only a foot diamtteo fofl)etimes three or four 


4' • 

A I. 

i =» ••• • 
. 'i.l .r. I 

»'• '". 

In C 

t-: •:» • 

T- • 
1. •• f 


..: :•. i.i, .Tc I: u!i;'i- ••iiijiiiihlc ; 

! ' v.;.i» t'.cii winter here * ; 

.•: j'»in..*a r-v 1::. • . «. 

•1. ...'Ic nf ( >^ 

•* •• •!'.!. I ■•• SS , wll.c'.J •'••• • -. ..1- : 

. • :U: ••.:;! a. t!:. . ••• *' • .. . :^r 
. »: • l'« .:•. ! ir- v. ^'iw; •*•• • • '.'i • * 
..- I;, ti..' Cf.untry :•••:•■.: Cci.;.c .*• ' 

• ..'•.. • •-..: u:n.4 ihc v!.-j'.i ti::: .:.••.:..» 
, r-: . ;.; »Iic end • l' pl.>uj.:.- .: 1 -:j:, j.-.c :: 
. I u ' .' • / '.t'.r.v »v:4./. J ,A M F : . 

.'1 .1 

; ::». ^:i' .. '1, hy cattir^ out t.^e iu;r; --.d :'t> 
• i\ 1.' ., v.:.iLl» rl.i-y place by turns ij-. z':n jv-* 
Alt?-in.»:« i», .1. t ciiL'l.. or draug'h'.i'. H'.* y\h: :r. 
•• . ■ -.'n iiru', !Ti;. :Kori take oH' any on? of lis^-.r;;- 
. k..iv., till one, lja\iiii: loit ail his men, loi'ci r.V. w:*:.'. 

Ar c^= I-*.!- 

/.>..;• •..•v» imilcr l]:e .uticle ATrrdUs, isthr i".;:.-.-- •; 

• l.v j .1 :.' Moftllit. liic brtjiih ^imc caiitJM;*-, 

: ; u hisc 111 j(l comni-.»nly with uo:?:, but i- 

.. .. ♦ » : iiic;j iiuuc oni uriclc, .inU tcrincu -v.. r: ..;•;." 


• t. ! ,-. .ti'^n I' prob.iMy tlu* true. one. Sonv?. h. ■.'•..:.» 

. i! »• i'.i'.- n'.nc iiicn's morrii*' licrc mcu:;s :i^ v". ••--' 

. .!.' . i »:..iu -• {Ls; -imcd b> nine ucrlun*. Mai .'n r. 

. .- '.-...: j Sh.i.J-.rarc mid:ht havcemplnv'jt'ijstf^-.-.icC, 

I • •, .t[ ;»*.ir.;ir, to mark the o.rrcrc-.c: '..::• :■'? 

} .1.' I were n*l kumary but they were \e* :•»'-'.:: * 


. :^ •;, R. II. c. lo ; and Warton'* Ob-ekvati-** 

J . 1 1 . ■ — 

■. . -r. ;! 11 iv, in this con-.try I nnccincl'r.fJ \^ 

.. 'A I.. ;• i.J by Mr, Tb.vob..ld, ..nd ..a.->-ted h Sir 
v.. ••.-.'.»; but pci»i:P5a::c:at'.jn i- u;i^..:it:''JI:.. 
•|,.• .n c::'K (..w!l.< wirh which cs.\:jitrv rcor.; i'-J 
- .••. f.r:,..,^., at ti:-- i..ah.n or' eh;:.:nij'». w iO, 
. I :u\ wai part.ciil.irly in our i-uth^r's CO 

;•:;;•'.;• !i-,nti rcrlorc thi-a-r^/?,,:^! j^^^..,^ 

. I..U i.ljn Cvlii ii.vjto to bviqu t t-.w-niih dame:..'* 

ii,}f.,ut and jtk^Ury 1 562. W.\l )>?• 


Ho night is now with hymn or carol bleft^ : — 
rheretbre the moon, the governefs of floods *, 


S No n'tgbt is now tvUb hymn or carol hteft :"] Since the coming <^ 
^iriftianity, this fcafun, [winter,] in cocfinienioratton of the birth of 
llirift* has been particularly devoted to feltivity. And to thiscuitoni) 
9Cwithftanding the impropriety, hymn or carol hUft certainly alludes. ' 

^ therefore the moorty the gomemefi of fioods^ &c.] Thi« line has no 
nmediate connexion with that preceding it (as Dr. Johnfon feems to 
Ave thought). It does not refer to the omifTion of hymns or carolsa 
Brt:of the fairy rites, which were difturbed in confequence of Oberon*ii 
Barrel with Titania. The moon is with peculiar propriety repre- 
•nted as incenfed at the ceiTation — not of the chriftian carols, (as Dr, 
Farburton thinks,) nor of the heathen rites of adoration, (as Or. John- 
it Tuppcfes,) but of thofe fports, which have been always reputed to 
K celebrated by her light. 

As the whole pafTage has been much mifunderftood, it may be proper 
I observe that Titania begins with faying, 

And never, fince the middle fummer's fpringy 
Met we on hill, in dale, forefl, or mead,— 
But with thy brawls thou haft difturb'd our fport. 
Sbe then particularly enumerates the fevcral consequences that hift 
iwcd from their contention. The whole is divided into four claufei : 
1. therefore the winds, &c. 

That they have overborne their continents : 
at. The Ox hath therefore ftretch'd h s yoke in vain { 
The ploughman loft his fweat ; 
No night is now wth hymn or carol bleft : 
3. therefore the Moon— washes all the airy 

That rheumatick dlfcafes do abound : 
4« A nd f t Lor cugb thisdiftemperature, we fee> 
The feafons alter J— 
■ and the mazed world, 

By their increafe, now knows not which Is which ; 
And this fame progeny of evils comes 
From our debate, from our dift'ention. 
la all this there is no dithculty. All thefe calamities ire the confe- 
mtnces of thediftcntion between Oberon and Titania ; as feems to be 
Jafictently pointed out by the word therefore^ fo often repeated. Thofe 
finet whiwh have it not, are evidently put in appofition with the pre- 
ceding line in which that word is found. Maloni. 

The repeated adverb therefore, throughout this fpeech, I fuppofe to 
hat conftant reference to the firft time when it is ufed —All thefe irre- 
4«larities of feafon happened in confeq jence of the diTagieemrnt between 
"^ king and queen of the fa<ric8f and not in confequence of each other. 
«»44eas crowded faft on Shakfpeare^ and as he committed them to pa- 
Vot. II. H h per. 

ifit MIDSUMMERJflGHT^ MffiliL 

Pale in her anger, wafliet all die air» 
That rheamatick difeafes do ahomid : 
And, thorough this diftemperatnre ', we Ice 
The feafons alter : hoanr-Aeaded frofts 
Fall in the frefh lap of ttie ciiafim rofe ^ ; 
And on old Hyems^ chin % and icjr crown, 

per, he did not attend to the diftance of the leadiiif oljoft fiooi «ltt 
tfaejr took tlieJr rife. , 

That the feftivity and hofpltalitjr attending ChriftmaSf 
the fubjed of complaint to many of oar Indkrona vilten. 
the reft, to Nafli, whole coaiedv called 5Hmiiri^*j Xfjl IPTff tfMffSj^ 
wttnty made its firft appearaaoc in the faoic ytar with iSiSm flq|b via 
1 6<x>. The confulion of ftafoot hen dcfefibed, it no mon diaa a pN^ 

tical account of the weather, which happened In EnglaM 

time when this play was firft pabliftied. For thia Inlbrmatian TMWr 

debted to chance, which fomUhed me with a few laavts of as alt^ 

teorological hiftory. STSBTBits* 

s » tb'n difimftratmA B/ Hlkmftntfutff I ima^na la MMlfr 

this place, the perturbed ftata in vfakh the Ung and faon Wlirt 

for fome time paft. Mr* SteeWM dUaki It meana 

of the elementu^ M A loh %. 

^ boMry-btsdii fr^ 

Fall in tbefrejb lap $f tk$ eHmfiw r^fti] 
««f , talks of the « confecratod fiiow that l(et on iftaaV hff 
Spenfer in his Fsery S(Mmu, B* Q. c a* htth-* 

« And fills with flowVi fair Flora's painted kf.^ STBBTBVfe 
This thought is elegantly eipitfled by OoUfmtthiaUa Trmw^m i 

« And winter lingering chilli die lap of May.** Mamv* 
7 .1. Hyems* cb'm,} Dr. Grey^ not Inclmntly cofjeftvifc flat Al 
poet wrote, « — on old Hyemt' r^ilf aad feycrown.** Jt b aptb* 
deed eafy to difcover how a diapKt can be placed on fie cMfo triab 
It (hould be rather for tbhf i. e. thin-hafa^d* TTaw«iTT» 
So Cordelia fpcakiag of Lear i 
•< —to watch, poorpcrdn! 
«* With this tbim helm.** Stibtbmb. 
Tbitme is nearer to cbhmt (the fpelUag of the oM COpka) 4mB Mb 
and therefore, I think, more likely to have been the aaAor^ MJL 

I believe this peculiar Image of Hjemt* chin mnft have coaai iM 
Virgil, (i^neid iv. 2C3) through the flMdinmoftfaatranflatioaaMadiy I 
— — turn flumina mento 

Pretipitant fenb, et glade rfget honfda barha.** S. W« 
Thus tranflated by Phaer, 1561 : 
'* ——and from his hoanrKard adowM;^ 
« TheiUcMnciofwatoaftlU wiihyccanifiaftldifiKaietk i aaai * 



)rous chaplet of Tweet fummer buds 

in mockery, i'et : The fpring, the fummer, 

hilding autumn, ansry winter, change 

wonted liveries, and the 'mazed world, 

fir increai'e *, now knows not which is which : 

his fame progeny of evils comes 

our debate, /rom our diiTention ; 

e their parents and original. 

'. Do you amend it then ; it lies in yoa : 

(hould Titania crois her Oberon ? 

ut beg a little changeling boy^ 

; my nenchman *. 

a. Set your heart at reft, 

airy land buys not the child of me. 

iother was a vot'refs of my order : 

in the fpiced Indian air, by night, 
)ften hath /he goflip'd by my fide ; 
fat with me on Neptune's yellow fands, 
ing the embarked traders on the Hood ; 
1 we have laugh'd to fee the fails conceive, 
grow big-bellied, with the wanton wind : 
\ {he, with pretty and with fwimming gait, 
owing her womb then rich with my young 'fquire,) 

'ht childing autumn, anfry winter, ehsngt 

'heir xuonted iiverieSf sua the "'maxed tvorld 

y their incieafe, &<:.] The chiUiMjr autumn is tht ^egnsMt A«* 
fruixfer autumnut, Stciveni. 

their increaf:^ is, by their produce, JoRNtON. 

in our author's Qych Sonnet: 

'< The tetmng autumn^ big with rich iif(rMy>, 
« Bearing the wanton buithen of the prime.** 

e latter expreiHon is fcriptural : << Then fliall the earth bring forth 

crM/ir, and God, even our God, fliall giveut his bleifiog.** Pt alk 


^ beiichmsM,'] Page of honour. Gacr. 

mchmsn* Quafi haunch-man. One that goes bshind another. 

ffuus, Blackstonk. 

le learned commentator might have given his etymology fonie Tup- 

from the following pafTagein AT. Henry Ji\ P. JI. 

<< O Weltmoidand, thou art a fummer bird, 

<« Which ever in the haunch of winter fingt 

•! The lifting up of day.** Stxkvkni. 

Hhz . Worfd 


Would imitate * ; and fail upon the land. 
To fetch me trifles, and return again, 
As from a voyage, rich with merchandize* 
But (he, being mortal, of that boy did die ; 
And, for her fake, do I rear up her boy : 
And, for her fake, I will not part with him. 

06e, How long within this wood intend yoa ftay f 

Tita. Perchance, till after Thefeus* wedding-day. 
If you will patiently dance in our round. 
And fee our moon-light revels, go with us ; 
If not, fhun me, and I will fpare your haunts. 

Oie. Give me that boy, and I will go with thee. 

Tita. Not for thy fairy kingdom.— Fairies, away: 
We Ihall chide down -right, if I longer ftay. 

[Exeunt Ti T A N I A , ami her Trm 

Obe, Well, go thy way : thou (halt not ^m this giov^ 
Till I torment thee for this injury.— 
My gentle Puck, come hither : Thou remember 'ft 
Since once 1 fat upon a promontory. 
And heard a mermaid, on a dolphin's back ', 


* Hn>icb Jhcj with pretty snd with fwimming gaitf 

Foi'cvfifigf (her tvomh then rich vfith my yomng 'Jfmtret) 

fFould imitate \ ] Perhaps the parenche£s ihould be^ 

fooner; as I think Mr. Kenrick obferve^: 

{Fol/oiving hir^votnbf then rich with my young *fQoift,) 
So, in TruUa's combat with Hudibras: 
**—•—— She prefs'd fo home, 
•* That he retired, and foUov)*a*s bum J** 
And Drydcn fays of his Spani/h Friar, ^* hit great belly walks in htt 
before him<t and his gouty legs come limping after it*^^ FAtMtf* 

J have foil wed this regulation, (which was iikewife adopted by Mr* 
Steevens^ though 1 do nut think that of the old copy at aUlJaMe If 
the objeaioM made t)it by Dr Warburton. «< She did not« (he fajt) 
follow the Hiip whofe motion flie imitated i for that failed on thewatn^ 
Ihe on land.'' But might flie not on land move in the fame d.redioi 
with the (hip at fea, which certainly would outftrip her i and wbat 
is this butyo/'/ow/w^ f 

H^hicb, according co the prefent regulation, mu^ mczn^-^wbub metim 
9f the /hip with fwel ing fai/tt &c : according to the old ftgoiaMi , 
it mud rrfcr to '* embarked rrad<TS." Mal'onv. 

^ jittd heard a mrrmaidj on adoiphint batkf &«•] By the mermaiJ it 
this pillage, fays Dr Warbu'ton, the poet meant Mary Queen ofScotsj 
hjf the d9lfbim, her kuUiaadi the Dauphin' of France (FonneWy ifdx 



Uttering fuch dulcet and harmonious breathy 
That the rude fca grew civil at her fong ; 
And certain liars ihot madly from their fpheres ♦, 
To hear the fea -maid's muAck. 

Fuck, I remember. 

Obe, That very time I faw, (but thou could*ft not,) 
Plying between the cold moon and the earth, 
Cupid all arm'd '- a certain aim he took 
At a fair veftal, throned by the weft * ; 
hnd loos'd his love-lhaft fmartly from his bow, 
(^ it ihould pierce a hundred thoufand hearts : 
3ut I might fee young Cupid's fiery fhaft 
^ench'd in the chatte beams of the watery moon 5 
\nci the imperial vot'refs pafTed on, 

yoipbtn), Mary is called a raeraiaid» to denote i. her reign over « 
lingdom fituatcd in the Tea ; 2. her beauty and intemperate luft. Such 
^mic^t and harmonious breath alludes to her genius and learning, mors 
articularlv to her fweet and graceful elocution. The rW«/M alludes 

> Sec tl and, which in her abfence rofe up in arms againft the Re- 
eiie> and the diforders which Hie on her return home found means 

> quiet. The earls of Northumberland and Weftmorelaad, who 
sit in her quarrel, and the Dulce of Norfolk, whofe projeded marri* 
ge vrith her was attended with fuch fatal confequqices, are ima* 
ined by the fiari that (hot madly f'om their fpberesm In the latter 
art of the imagery there is a peculiar juHnefs, the vulgar opinion 
eing that the mermaid allured men to deflru^tion by her fongt. 

1 he learned commentator^s note is here confiderably abridged, but t 
aTe endeavoured to piel'erve the fubflance of it. Malone. 

4> jind certain lUrs ihot madly from their fpheres,] So, in our au« 
bbor*s Rape of Lucr^ce : 

<« AndWtdtftars /hot from their fixed platet^ Malonk. 
•5 Cmpid all arm'd :] Aii arm^d, does not Cignify dnjed in panopfyf 
Qt only enforces the word arwud^ as we m-ght fay ali booted, Johmsox* 
S09 in Cxttn^*% Never too lat€\ 1616 : 

<< Or where proud Cuf id fat all arm'd with fire.** 
lo in Lord Surrey 5 tranflation of the fourth book of the Antid^ 
«* ^//utterly I could not fccm forfaken.'* Stkzvins* 
^ At a fair vefi tilt throned by the tioef^ \\ A comp'iment to queen 
Uiaabeth. Fo?e. 

It was no uncommon thing to introduce a compliment to queen EVif 
tmbtth in the body of a play. So, again in Tancred andafmttnda^ J59ft'l 
•* 1 here lives a virgin, one without compare, 
** Who of all graces hath her heavenly ihare j 
«* In whofe renowne, and for whofe happie dayt, 
^ Let us record this Paran of her praife.*' CantanU fTiiv* 

H h 3 In 


In maiden meditation, fancy-frcc- 

Yct markM 1 where the bolt of Cupid fell: 

Jt fell upon a little wellern flower,— 

Bet( re, milk-white ; now purple with loves woond^; 

And miiidens call it, lovc-in-idlcncrs ^ . 

Fetcii mc that flower; the herb 1 (bew'd thee once; 

The juice of'ii, on flceping eye-lids laid, 

\\'ili m.ilic or man or woman madly dote 

L pon the next live creature that it fees. 

Fetch me this herb ; and be thou here again> 

tie the lc\ iaihan can fwim a league. 

Fu. <. 111 put a girdle round about the earth* 
In lorty ininuteb. [£i^i 

Oh<. il:ui»i^ once this juice, 
ril vv.itch I'itnnia whtn fhe is aflccp. 
And drop ilie liquor of it in her eyes : 
The next thing then fhe waking looks upon, 
(Be ir on lion, bear, or wolf, or bull. 
On meddling monkey, or on bufy ape,) 
She Ihall purine it with the foul of love. 
And ere 1 t»d;e this charm off from her fights 
(A. i tan take it with another herb,) l 

I'll ma!ve lier render up her page to me. 
But wno comes here r I aminvilible * ; 
And I will over-hear their conference. 

7 A*:(i rr.fii/itrs call it love.In Idlenefs.] It it fcarce acccfltfj tl 
jTifnt .)p tlijt I'.xe in i.i tn fi is a flower. Stekvxns. 

I l.v! fl wcr or V c/.cL commonly called panl.cs, or heartVcafe, il 
nan.-'^ i:ie .n /</'<» /j in Waiwickfliire, and in Lyte*s Herbal. That 
ik a ' aion why Simklpeaie la)s it is «« now f,urf>U with love'f woani," 
Lev \ji < lie ui tvvo of Its prtals ate of a purple colour. ToLLKT. 

h :- ..1 :■] ir other c< unifies the 1 hree cdour^d vioht^ the Be/i tf 
Inn V 7/f r f.icii in a h r.d^ Cudiile mt toycu, &c. SteBVEKS* 

^ ; ,/ /.uf .. J, rule rouPvj about the eaithj I his expreflioB (as Ifc 
St<tvrns h.., !;.< An) :>icur3in many of our old plays Maloke. 

9 — / ,;;r I v.nbe ;] 1 rh.iught proper here to oiTerve, that, as Obc- 
ron j'.d l' his jttcn. ;.nt may be frcv-uently oblcrved to tpeak, wht« 
thee is no in^. ti.>n of their entering, they are drfigned by the poettt 
be ]u}: irJ on the Ib^e during thcgicatert partcf the remainder of d» 
pl.N j . -u] :., mix, ab they pk-aic, as fpirits, with the other adofJ}*** 
cnibuil the plot, by their mtcrpofition, without beiog fcca. Of beaid, 
but when to their own purpolc. Theobald. 



Enter Demetrius, He l e n a following bim. 

Dem, I love thee not» therefore parfue me not. 
here is Lyfander, and fair Hemiia? 
lie one Til flay, the other flayeth me ■. 
hou told'ft me, they were (lorn into this wood ; 
nd here am I, and wood within this wood % 
xaufe I cannot meet with Hermia. 
ence, get thee gone, and follow me no more. 
Hel, You draw me, you hard-hearted adamant ; 
It yet you draw not iron ^, for my heart 
true as fteel : Leave you your power to draw, 
nd I fhall have no power to follow you. 
Dem. Do I entice you ? Do I fpeak you fair ? 
r, rather, do I not in plaineft truth 
ell you — I do not, nor I cannot love you ? 
HeL And even for that do I love you the more, 
am your fpaniel ; and, Demetrius, 
he more you beat me, I will fawn on you : 
fe me but as your fpaniel, fpurn me, ibike mei# 
egledl me, lofe me ; only give me leave, 
nworthy as I am, to follow you. 
'hat worfer place can I beg in yoHrlove, 
Vnd yet a place of high refpedt with me,) 
han to be ufed as you ufe your dog ? 
Dem, Tempt not too much the hatred of my fpirit^ 
or I am fick, when I do look on thee. 
HeL And I am iu:k, when I look not on you. 

t ne we ni Hay^ tht other flaysth me.] The old copies read— /jy 
idftayetb. Correaed by Dr. Thirlby. Malone. 
^ — and wood nvUb'in tbk wW,] H^oodt or mad, wild, riTing. Pop I. 
In the third part of the Countefs of Pembroke's h/y Cbureb^ IS9I| M 
ic fame quibble on the word : 

** Daphne goes to the vj^cds, and vowcs herfelf to Diana ; 

** Phcebusgrnwsflirkwco^for love and Daphne.** Stxiv^ 
3 Tou dra^v me^ you bard-bear ted adamant \ 

But yet you daio n.t ircn,! I learn from Edward Ftntnn't Ceriaine 
terete lyondertof Nature^ bl. I. 15^9, that "— there is now a daycf 
kind of adamant, which draweth unto it fleflie, and the fame lb 
roogly, that it hath power to knit and tie together two mouths of con- 
ary perfons, and drawe the heart of a man out of hit bodie without 
reading any parte of him.'* Stixvens. 

H h 4 Dm. 


Dem. You do impeach your modefty too mach^ 
To leave the city, and commit yourfelf 
Into the hands of one that loves you not 5 
To truft the opportunity of night. 
And the ill counfel of a defcrt place. 
With the rich worth of your virginity. 

HeL Your virtue is my privilege for that *♦ 
It is not night, when I do fee your face *, 
Therefore I think I am not in the night : 
Nor doth this wood lack worlds of company ; 
For you, in my refpeft, are all the world ^; 
Then how can it be faid, I am alone. 
When all the world is here to look on me ? 

Dem, I'll run from thee, and hide me in the brakcf. 
And leave thee to the mercy of wild beads. 

HeL The wildeft hath not fuch a heart as you ^. 
Run when you will, the (lory (hall be chang'd : 
Apollo flies, and Daphne holds the chafe. 
The dove purfues the griffin ; the mild hind 
Makes fpeed to catch the tyger : Bootleis fpced I 
When cowardice purfues, and valour flies. 

Dem, I will not day thy queflions ; let me go : 
Or, if thou follow me, do not believe 
But I (hall do thee miichief in the wood. 

HcL Ay, in the temple, in the town, the field« 
You do me mifchief. Fie, Demetrius ! 
Your wrongs do fet a fcandal on my fcx : 

4 .^fo' fbat,] i.e. for leaving the city, &c. Tyuwbitt. 

5 Ic is ret nifh't ivbfn I do fte your fruy &c.] This pafla^c isplfl* 
phiafed from two hres of an ancient poet [ I ibuJlus] : 

" - Tu nodevel atra 

«• Lun en, tt in fo/is ty m:bi turba hcis.** JoHNSON* 
• 2^or d tb tt.s votd tdi k Hvcrldt of company ^ &c.J The iame tllOQ|llt 
occurs in /r. htn,y yj, p. J I. 

«* A wildcrnefs is populous enough, 
*« So Suffolk had ihy heavenly company." Malowi* 
7 Tte wtid ft batb Hoifucb a btatt asyouA 

Mitius Kveni quam te genus omne ferarum. Omid* 
SecTiiw'r ofA'b.vs, Ad IV. fc. i. 
«« —where he /hall find 
<f Ihe unkiAdeft bcaits more kioder than auokiJid,** S« W« 


We cannot fight for love as men may do ; 

We fhould be woo'd, and were not made to woo. 

I'll' follow thee, and make a heaven of hell. 

To die upon the hand I love fo well. [ExeuntDEM.anJHiL. 

Oh. Fare thee well, nymph : ere he do leave this grgyc^ 
Thou (halt fly him, and he fhall feek thy love.— r 

Re-enter Puck. 
Hafl thou the flower there ? Welcome, wanderer. 

Puck, Ay, there it is; 

Ob, I pray thee, give it me. 
I know a bank where * the wild thyme blows. 
Where ox-lips • and the nodding violet grows 5 
Quite over-canopy'd with lufcious woodbine^. 
With fweet mufk-rofes, and with eglantine : 
There fleeps Titania, fome time of the nis;ht» 
Ltull'd in theie flowers with dances and delight ; 
And there the fnake throws her enamel'd fkin. 
Weed wide enough to wrap a fairy in : 
And with the juice of this V\\ ftreak her eyes. 
And make her full of hateful fantafies. 
Take thou fome of it, and feek through this grove: 
A fweet Athenian lady is in love 
With a diidainful youth : anoint his eyes ; 
feut do it, when the next thing he efpies 
May be the lady : Thou (halt know the man 
By the Athenian garments he hath on. 
Effect it with fome care ; that he may prove 
More fond on her, than (he upon her love : 
And look ijiou meet me ere the firll cock crow. 

Puck. Fear not, my lord, your fervant (hall do iom 


f -^tvbere^^ is here ufed as diffyllable. The modern editor* nil- 
peccOariiy read — v^t. o«. Malon£. 

* fi-'hrre oxiips] The oxlip is the greater cowjliff. St e evens. 

9 i^ite e-ver canopy* d 'u'ltb lufcioui %uoodbineA On the margin of 
one of my foli >'s an unknown hand has written— /ir/& woodbine, which^ 
I think is right. 

This hand 1 -lave fince difcovercdto be Theobald's. Johnson* 

ShaJcfi'^rc uTes the word tufr in The Ttmfxjiy Aft II : 

»* How lulb and luily the graOi looks ? how green V Stzetins. 



SCENE iir. 

Another part of the 'wood. 

Enter Ti t a n i a tuith her train. 

Tit a. Come, now a roundel, and a fairy fong ' ; 
Then for the diirdpartof a minute, hence * : 
Some, to kill cankers in the mufk-rofe buds ; 
Some, war with rear-mice ^ for their leathern wings. 
To make my fmall elves coats; and fome, keep back 
The clamorous owl, that nightly hoots, and wonders 
At our quaint fpirits *: Sing me now afleep ; 
Then to your offices, and let me reft. 

' — -tfroKsic/,] A roundel \ that Is, as I fsppofe, m chrtuUrJane* 
Ben Jonfon feems to call the rhgs which fuch dances are riippoTed ti 
make in thcgrafs, rondels. Vol, V. Tale of a Tui, p. 23 : 

»< I II have no rendeb, I, in the queen's paths.'* Tyrwhitt. 

Rounds or roundels were like the prefent country dances. See Or» 
«^ry?rtf, by Sir John Davies, 7622. Reko. 

* Then for the third part of a minu:e, hence s'\ Dr. Warburtoi 
reads— /"or the third part of the midnight^-. 

The perfons employed are fa'tr'u-^ to whom the third part of a mi- 
nute might not be a very fbort time to do fuch work in. The critkk 
inight as well have obje£led to the epithet m//, which the fairy befttrvt 
en the cinvji'ip. But Shakfpeare, throughout the play, has ptrferve^ 
the proportion of other things in refpeA of thefe tiny beings, cnmpared 
vith whofe fize, a cuwHip^might be tall, and to whofe powers of ezecu* 
tJon, a minu e might be equivalent to an age. Stkevens. 

3 _- ^'ith rcar-micc] A rear moufe is a bat j a m(/mjt that rears froa 
the ground by ihe aid of wings. Steevens. 

4 ~~. quaint fpirits :] for this Dr. Warburton reads againll ail m<> 
thority— y«tff«r fports. But Profpcro in The Tempeft, applies f«*;a/ t» 
Ariel. Johnson. 

Dr. Johnfon is right in the word, and Dr. Warburton in the inter* 
pretation. Afpirit was fometinies ufed for zfport. In Decker's play, 
Jf it be not ^oodf the d^'vil is in i.'y the king of Naples fays to the devil 
Ruffman, difguifcd in the charad^er of Shalcan : ♦< Now Shalcan, f?me 
ntvr fpirit f Ruff, A thoufand wenches llark-naked to play at letp- 
frtg, Omnti, O rare fight!'* Farmib. 



1. Fai. Tou fpotted fnakes ^ luith double tongug. 

Thorny hedge-hogs^ be not fee n ; 
Newts f and blind-iuorms, do no 'wromg j 
Come not near our fairy quten: 

Philomely tvtth melody j 
Sing in ourfiveet lullaby ; 
Lulla, lulla, lullaby ; lulla, lulla, lullaby ; 
Ne*ver harm, nor f pell nor charm. 
Come our lo'vely lady nigh ; 
So 9 goodnight, luitb lullaby* 


2. Fai. Weaving fpiders, come not here ; 

Hence, you long-legg^d fpinners, bena : 
Beetles black, approach not near ; 
Worm, norfnail, do no offend. ' 

Philomel, nvith melody. See. 
1 . Fa. Hence, away ; now all is well ' : 
One, aloof, (land fentinel. 

[ Exeunt F airies . Ti T a n i hjleefu 

Enter Oberon. 

Obi. What thou feefl, when thou doft wake, 

[jqueezes the flower on I'itania's eyi'lidim 
Do it for thy true love take ; 
Love, and languifh for his fake : 
Be it ounce ^, or cat, or bear, 
Pard, or boar with briiUed hair^ 
In thy eye that (hall appear 

9 HiMce, awiy\ &c.] Tbis, according to aU the editions, is made 
part of the fong ; but I thinlc without iutiicient reafon, as it a| pears to 
be fpoken afterthe long is over, in the quarto i6co, it is given to the 
ftd Fairy $ but the other divition is better. Stzevzns. 

^ Beit ounce,! The ounce is a ioaaM tiger, or tucr-caC Job n son* 

5. When 

When thou wak'ft, it is thy dear ; 
Wake, when fome vile thing is near. [Exit* 

finter Lysander ami Hermia. 

Lyf, Fair love, you faint with wandering in the wood; 

And tofpeak troth, I have forgot our way : 
We'll reft us, Hermia, if you think it good. 

And tarry for the -comfort of the day. 

Her. Be it fo, Lyfander : find you out a bed. 
For I upon this bank will reft my head. 

LyJ. One turf (hall fervc as pillow for us both ; 
One heart, one bed, two bofoms, and one troth. 

Her. Nay, good Lyfander ; fpr my fake, my dear. 
Lie further off yet, do not lie fo near. 

Ly/, O, take the fenfe, fweet, of my innocence ^ } 
Love takes the meaning, in love's conference *• 
I mean, that my heart unto yours is knit ; 
So that but one heart we can make of it ; 
Two bofoms interchained with an oath ; 
So then, two bofoms, and a fingle troth. 
Then, by your fide no bed- room me deny. 
For, lying fo, Hermia, I do not lie. 

Her, Lyfander, riddles very prettily :-^ 
Now xpuch befiirew ^ my manners and my pride, 

7 Of tale th f<nf«y fwtet^ of my innocence ;] Under(Vand the wwmiag 
9ifmy innocence J or my innocent mraring. Let no fufpicion of ill enter 
thy mind. Johnson. 

• Love takes the meanings in !ove*s conftrence,'\ In the conTerfapoa 
of thofe who are aHTur^d of each other's kindnefs, not fufpicion haxlt^e 
tmket the meaning. No malevolent interpreta ion is to be made, but liJ 
is to be received in the fea£s Hfhtch Uve Q^n Bnfi» a;id y^hich /»«« cu 
dif^ate. Johnson. 

This line is certainly intelligible as Dr. Johnfon has explained it; 
but I think it requires a /light alteration to make it conned well with 
the former. I would read : 

Lbve take the meaning in love's conference. 
That is. Ltt lo-ve tttk" tb" meaning. Tyrwhitt. 

9 /forv my b beOiicw &c ] This word, of which the etymology »i 
notexa£lly known, implies a finifterwiOi, and means the fame as Ufibc 
liad faid *• n w ill befall my mznncrSy *c." Stketens. 

Sec Minfljcu s etymoli'gy of it, which feems to bean Imprecation 
er wilh of fuchevil to one, at the yeaomous biting of thtjbrew-menfe. 




If Hermia meant to fay, Lyfander lied. 

But, gentle friend, for love and courtefy 

Lie further off ; in human modelly 

Such reparation, as, may well be faid. 

Becomes a virtuous bachelor and a maid : 

So far be diftant ; and good night, fwect friend : 

Thy love ne'er alter, till thy fweet life end ! 

LyJ\ Amen, amen, to that fair prayer, fay I; 
And then end life, when I end loyalty ! 
Here is my bed : fleep give thee all his reft ! 

Her. With half that wifti the wifher's eyes bcprefs'd! 

Enter Puck. 
Fuck. Through the foreft have I gone. 
But Athenian found I none. 
On whofe eyes I might approve 
This flower's force in ftirring love. 
Night and filence ! who is here ? 
Weeds of Athens he doth wear ; 
This is he, my mafter faid, 
Defpired the Athenian maid ; 
And here the maiden fleeping found. 
On the dank and dirty ground. 
Pretty foul I fhe durft not lie 
Near this lack-love, this kill-court*fy'« 
Churl, upon thy eyes I throw 
All the power this charm doth owe : 
When thou wak'ft, let love forbid 
Sleep his feat on thy eye-lid. 
So awake, when I am gone ; 
For I muft now to Oberon. [Exit. 

Enter Demetrius, ami He l b n a, running. 
Hel. Stay, though thou kill me, fweet Demetrius. 
Dem. I charge thee, hence, and do not haunt me thus. 
Hel, O, wilt thou darkling leave me ? do not (o. 
Dem, Stay on thy peril ; I alone will go. [Exit Dbm. 

» — this *i7/court*fy,] Wc meet with the fame abbreviation In our 
author's Venux and Adon'u : 

«( They all (bain e9urt*fj, who ihall cope hhn firft.** Ma love. 



Uel. O, I am out of breath, in this fond chace ! 
The more my prayer, the lefTcr is my grace *. 
Happy is Hermia, wherefoe'er ihe lies ; 
For the hath bleiTed, and attradivc eyes. 
How came her eyes fo bright ? Not with fait tears : 
If fo, my eyes are oftner wafh'd than hers. 
No, no, I am as ugly as a bear ; 
For beafts that meet me, run away for fear : 
Therefore, no marvel, though Demetrius 
Do, as a monfter, fly my prefence thus. 
What wicked and difTembling glafs of mine 
Made me compare with Hermia's fphery cyne ?— 
But who IS here ? Lyfander ! on the ground ! 
Dead ? or afleep ? 1 fee no blood, no wound : — 
Lyfander, if you live, good fir, awake. 

LyJ\ And run through fire I will, for thy fwcct fake. 

Tranfparent Helena ! Nature (hews art *, 
That through thy bofom makes me fee thy heart. 
Where is Demetrius ? O, how fit a word 
• Is that vile name, to perilh on my fword ! 

Hel. Do not fay fo, Lyfander ; fay not fo : 
What though he love your Hermia ? Lord, what though ? 
Yet Hermia Hill loves you : then be content. 

Lyj\ Content with Hermia ? No : I do repeat 
The tedious minutes I with her have fpcnt* 
Not Hermia, but Helena I love : 
Who will not change a raven for a dove ? 
The will of man is by his reafon fway'd ; 
And reafon fays you are the worthier maid. 
Things growing are not ripe until their feafbn : 
So, I, being young, till now ripe not to reafon ; 
And touching now the point of human (kill ♦, 

% ,^my grsctJ] My acceptablenefs, th€ favoor that I can gain. JoiJ««« 
1 — Nature /hews arty] Thut the quartos. The folio reai>— Nature 
htr fliewt art, — perhaps an error of the prefs for— -Nature (bevsiier art* 
The editor of the fecond folio cha nged ber to btre. M a l on t . 

4 — touching now the point of human JkWi] i. e. my feofei beiiigaoW 
at their utmoft height of pcrfcaion. So, in K. Hemry VIII i 

« I have toueb^d thehigheft/ojjrr of all 07 fieatatli.** Stkiv* 


Reafon becomes the marfhal to my will ^, 
And leads me to your eyes ; where I overlook 
Love's flories, written in love's richeftbook. 

HeL Wherefore was I to this keen mockery born t 
When, at your hands, did I deferve this fcorn ? 
Is't not enough, is't not enough, young man. 
That I did never, no, nor never can, 
Deferve a fweet look from Demetrius' eye. 
But you mud flout my infufficiency ? 
Good troth, you do me wrong, good (both, you da. 
In fuch difdainful manner me to woo. 
But fare you well : perforce I muft confefs, 
I thought you lord of more true gentlenefs *. 
O, that a lady, of one man refus'd. 
Should, of another, therefore be abus'd ! [ExtK' 

Ly/. She fees not Hermia : — ^Hermia, deep thoa there; 
And never may'ft thou come Lyfander near I 
For, as a furfeit of the fweetefl things 
The deepefl loathing to the flomach brings ^ 
Or, as the herefies, that men do leave. 
Are hated moft of thofe they did deceive ; 
So thou, my furfeit, and myherefy. 
Of all be hated ; but the moft of me ! 

5 Reafon becomes the marjbal to my wi//,] That it. My will now fbl- 
lowt reafon. Johnson. 

So, in Maibetb : 

« Thou marJhaPft mc the way that I was going." STityiNf. 

A modern writer [Letters of LiteratureyZvo, j'jZ^y] contends that 
Dr. Johnfon's explanation is inaccurate. The meaoing, fayt hei is, 
•* my will now obeys the command of my rcalbn, not my will follows 
my reafon. Marjhal is a diredtor of an army, of a turney, of a feaH* 
Sydney has ufcd marfoal for herald or pourfuivant, but impropcriy." 

Of fuchflimzy mJtcrials are many of the hyper-criticifms compofed, to 
which the labours of the editors and commentators on Shakfpeare have 
given rife. Who does not at once perceive, that Dr. Johnfon, when he 
fpeaks of the vf'iW fcllowing reafon, ufes the word not literally, but me- 
taphorically ? '« My vfiW follows or obeys the diSlates of reafon." Or 
that, if this were not the cafe, he would yet be juftified by the context^ 
i\n^ leads me — ) and by the pallage quoted from Macbeth, — Theheralds, 
oiftinguiihed by the names of *^tourfuivants at armii/* were likewife 
caJled marfhals* See Miniheu'j Dict. 1617, in v. Maloni. • 

6 — true ge/ttlenefs,] Gentlenefs is equivalent to what, in modem 
languagei we ikould call thefjpirit of a gentleman, Pirct. 

' And 

And all my powers, addrefs your love and might. 
To honour Helen, and to be her knight ! [Exit4 

Her, [Jlarti/ig,] Help me, Lyfander, help me ! do thy bcfti 
To plucK this crawling ferpentfrom my breaft I 
Ah me, tor pity ! — what a dream was here ? 
Lyfander, look, how I do quake with fear : 
Methought, a lerpent eat my heart away. 
And you fat fmiling at his cruel prey : — 
Lyfander ! what, removed ? Lyiander ! lord I 
What out of hearing? gone ? no found, no word ? 
Alack, where are you ? fpeak, an if you hear ; | 

Speak, of all loves ^ ; I fwoon almoft with fear. 
^fo : — then I well perceive you are not nigh : 
Either death, or you, 1*11 find immediately. [Exit, 


TJl?e fame. The Sluten of Fairies lying afleef. 

J/r/rr Quince, Snug, Bottom, Flute, Snout^ 
and Starveling. 

Bot, Are we all met ? 

Sluin, Pat, pat ; and here's a marvellous conrenieiit 
place for our rchearfal : This green plot (hall be our ftagc, 
this hawthorn brake our tyring-houfe ; and we will doit 
in a£tion, as we will do it before the duke. 

Bot, Peter Quince, — 

^in. What iay'rt thou, bull^ Bottom ? 

Bot, There are things in this comedy of PyramnsnJ 
Tbifhy, that will never pleafe. Firft, Pyramus mo^ draw 

7 Sf>taky of all loves j— ] Of ill lova is an adjuration more thin oocc 

ttfcd by our author. So, in the Merry Pf^tves oflVimdfwy A6Jt II. fc. liiJ « 

** to fend her your little page, of all lo-vet,"^ StxctikIi 

' In the rime of Shakfpeare, there were many companies of players, 
fometimes five at the fame time, contending for the farour of the pub- 
lick.^ Of thefe fome were undoubtedly very unfkilful and very poofi 
and it is probable that the defign of this fcene was to ridicule their ig- 
norance, and the odd expedients tj which they might be driven by the 
want of proper decorations. Bottom was perhaps the head of a rival 
houfci and is therefore honoured with an afi*i head. Jo km son. 


Word to kill himfelf ; which the ladies cannot abide. 
>f^ anfwer you that ? 
Snout, By'rlakin *, a parlous fear. 
Star. I believe, we mull leave the killing out, when all 

Bot, Not a whit ; I have a device to make all well. 
rite me a prologue : and let the prologue feem to fay, • 
: will do no harm with our fwords ; and that Pyramus 
not kiird indeed : and, for the more better affurance, 
I them, that I Pyramus am not Pyramus, but Bottom 
5 weaver : This will put them out of fear. 
^/>r. Well, we will have fuch a prologue ; and it 
ill be written, in eight and fix '. 

Bot. No, make it two more ; let it be written in eight 
d eight. 

Snout, Will not the ladies be afeard of the lion ? 
Star, I fear it, I promife you. 

Bot. Mafters, you ought to confider with yourfelvcs : 
bring in, God (hield us 1 a lion among ladies, is a 
H dreadful thing : for there is not a more fearful 
d-fowl, than your lion, living ; and we ought to look 

nout. Therefore, another prologue muft tell, he ia 
a lion. 

ot. Nay, you mud name his name, and half his face 

be feen through the lion's neck ; and he himfelf 

fpeak through, faying thus, or to the fame defedl, 

dies, or fair ladies, I would wifli you, or, I would 

ft you, or, I would entreat you, not to fear, not to 

le : my lifeyfor yours. If you think I come hither 

:)n, it were pity of my life : No, I am no fuch 

I am a man as other men are : — and there, indeed, 

I name his name ; and tell them plainly, he is 

le joiner ♦. 


akin, a parlous /itfr.j By our ladyk'irif or little lady, as ifakins 
tion of, by my faith. Parlous, a word corrupted from feriUySf 
rous. Steevkns. 

iigbt andjlx.] i. e. in alternate vcrfei of eight and fix fyl- 

am nojucb thing \ I am a man^ as other m:n are i'^-and tbere^ 
I i indeed^ 


^in. Well, it (ball be fo. But there is two hardtUnpi 
that is, to bring the moon-light into a chamber: for 701 
know, Pyramus and Thiiby meet by moon-light* 

Snug, Doth the moon ihine that night we play m 

Bot. A calendar, a calendar t look in the almanack; 
find out moon-ihine, find out moon-(hine« 

j^/jv. Yes, it doth ftiine that night. 

£ot. Why, then you may leave a cafement of thegreH 
chamber window, where we play, open ; and the boob 
may (hine in at the cafement. 

j^/Vr. Ay ; or elfe one mud come in with a bnA of 
thorns and a lanthom, and fay, he corner to disigue, 
or to prefent, the perfon of moon-ihine. Then, thoeis 
another thing : we mud have a wall in the great dus- 
ber ; for Pyramus and Thifby, fays the ioiy, did tik 
through the chink of a wall. 

Snug. You can never bring in a wall.— What fay jOBf 
Bottom ? 

Bot. Some man or other muft prefent wall ; and let 
him have fome pi aider, or fome lome, or fome rougli caft 
about him, to fignify wall; orlethimholdhis fingers tkntt 
and through that cranny (hall Pyramus and Thifby whi^« 

indeed, let bm name bit name \ and tell tbem plmmJff he it Saai th 
joiner,^ There are probably many temporary allufions to partkaltf 
incidents and charaflers fcattered through our author's plays, vkidi 
gave a poignancy to certain pafTagea, while the events were recent, •■' 
the perfons pointed at, yet living — In the fpeech before uu I think it 
not improbable that he meant to allude to a fad which happened is ^ 
time, at an entertainment exhibited before qiieen EiisabeO. Itii tt» 
corded in a manufcript colledlion of anecdotes, ftorics, Ac entitie^f 
Merry PaJ/ages and Jeafis^ Mf. Harl, 6395 ; 

« There was a fpedtacle prefented to queen Elisabeth npon the «i* 
ter, and among others Harry Goldingbam was to reprefent Arm upo> 
the dolphin^s backe ; but finding his voice to be very hoarie uA ob« 
pleafant, when he cam^ to perform it, he tears oft* his difguiie, vi 
fwears be wax none of Anon j not be, but even bonef Harry G^ldmrboMf 
which blunt difcoveVic pleafed the queen better than if it had gose 
through in the right way : — yet he could order hit voice to an inifanuDaC 
exceeding well." 

The collector of thefe Merry Fajfaget appean to hiTC been ncpbct 
to Sir Roger L'Eftrange. Maloni, 


Sluin. U that may be, then all is well. Come, fit 
down, every mother's fon, and rehearfe your parts. Pyra- 
mus, you begin : when you have fpoken your fpeech, en- 
ter into that brake ^ ; and fo every one according to 
his cue. 

Enter Puck behind. 

Puck. What hempen home-fpuns have we fwaggering 
So near the cradle of the fairy queen ? 
"What, a play toward ? I'll be an auditor ; 
An aflor too, perhaps, if [ fee caufe. 

j^iVr. Speak, Pyramus : — Thi(by, ftand forth. 

Pyr. Thijby^ theflo-wers ofodioui favours f'weet,"^ 

^in. Odours, odours. 

Pyr. o dours favours f<weet : 

So hath thy breath *, my deareft Thifby dear,-^ 
£ut, hark, a voice / flay thou but here a v/hile ^, 

jind by and by I iajiII to thee appear. \^Exst» 

Puck. A ftranger Pyramus than e'er play'd here • I 


Thif. Muft I fpeak now ? 

^in. Ay, marry, muft you : for you muft underftand, he 
joes but to fee a noife that he heard, and is to come again. 

Thif, Mofi radiant Pyramus, moft lilly-'white of hue. 

Of colour like the red rofe on triumphant brier, 
Jdofi brifky Juvenal *, and eke moft lovely Jevj, 

As true as true ft horfe, that yet voould never tire, 

5 .. that brake j] BraU anciently fignified a thicket or buf>, Stziv* 
Brakt in the wc(f of England is ufed to exprefs a large extent of 

cround overgrown with furze, and appears both here and in the next 
fcene to convey the fame idea. Hznlky. 

6 ^0 hath thy hreath,~^] Mr. Pope reads— So tUtb, inflead ef— ^o 
batbf but nothing, I think, is got by the change. I fufpe£t two lines to 
liave been loft; the firft of which rhymed with ** favours fweet,** and the 
other with << here a while'*. The line before us appears to me to refer 
CD feme thing that has been loil. M alone. 

7 m^mm a while,] Thus the old copies. Mr. Theobald reads a lohitf 
hnt this is no rhyme to fweet* The corruption arofe, 1 believe, from a 
different caufe. See the laft note. Malonx. 

• -. than ier played here ! ] I fuppofe he means in that theatrt 
where the piece was a^ing. Stzxvzms. 

• Juvenal,] u e. a young man. So, Falftaff, <<— the Juvenal thy 
aaafter*** Stisvimk 

I i 2 rii 

ril meet thety Pyramus^ at Ninny* i tomb, 

^in. Ninus' tomb, man: Why you muft not fpcafc 
that yet ; that you anfwer to Pyramus : you fpeak all 
your part at once, cues and all». — Pyramus enter; yoar 
cue is pall; it is, never tire. 

Re-enter Puck, ^zW Bottom ixjitb anafs^shead. 
^bif, O, — As true as truejl hor/e, that yet 'wouU ne^er tire* 
Pyr. If I ijucre fair * y Thijhy, I lu ere only thine : — 
^/Vf , O monftrous 1 O ftrange ! we are haunted. Pray 

xnaftcrs ! fly, mailers ! help ! [Exeunt Clowas, 

Puck, 1*11 follow you, ril lead you about a round. 
Through bog, through bulh, through brake» througli 
brier * ; 

Sometime a horfe 1*11 be, fometimc a hound, 
A hog, a headlefs bear, fometime a fire ; 

And neigh, and bark, and grunt, and roar and bum : 

Like horie, hound, hog, bear, fire, at every turn. \Exit. 
Bot. Why do they run away ? this is a knavery of them, 

to make me afeard ^. 

Re-enter Snout. 

Snout, O Bottom, thou art changed ! what do I fee on 

Bot, What do you fee ? you fee an afs* bead of your 
own ; Do you ? 

9 — cues and al/,'] A cuef in (lage cant, is the laft words of the 
preceding fpeech, and ferves as a hint to him who is to fpeak next. 


* I/Iwerefair, &c.] Perhaps we ought to point thus: If I were, 
[i. e. as true, &c.] fair Thifby, I were only thine. M alone. 

* Through bogy through hujb, thrvugb hrakty tbromgb hrigr j J Here 
are two (yllabies 'wanting. Perhaps it was written :—TiftFMf 6 ^» 
through mi re — . Johnson. 

3 -^^ to make me afeard.] Afeard\% from to fear y by the old form of 
the language, as an hungered^ from to hunger. So mdry, for tbirfy, 


* Bottom t thou art changed ! tuhat do I fee on thee f ] It is plain by 
Bottom^s anfwer, that Snout mentioned an afx*s bead. Therefore we 
ihould read : 

Snout. Bottom, thou art changed ! wha