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Full text of "Plutarchi Chaeronensis Varia scripta quae moralia vulgo vocantur: ad ..."

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at |http : //books . qooqle . com/ 



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^^ U T A R C H I p 

j||||L CHAER0NEN8IS 

1 VARIA SCRIPTA 

I ' 

QUAE 

; MORALTA VULGO VOCANTUR. 



AD 
OPTIM.OBUM LIBRORUM FIOEM 

ACCURATE EDITA. 



EDITIO STEBEOTYPA. 



TOMUS 1 



LIPSIAE 

•imTIBIia BT TTPIB CAROI.I TAUCHNITII. 

182». /::"■:>.■? 



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10 PLVTARCHI 

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nqXXovg, tiljog di xal t6v Amv dnoafpct^vta hoI 
xatadsinriiaavta (AStd t&v q>iXaiv, ixdXsaav (juixa*^ 
Qciv, xal xaXoifat (isxQt vtiv oura»^ iv tta xataX4y(^ 
tm fiaadioiv, ov xvQing d^nov t^v ovaiav ovjoi; 
atiftaivovtsg, dXXM tov tQ^nov Tr)y axXfiQdtt^ta xaX 
xaxiav OQydvt^ ifovtx^ naQSixdl^ovtsg. ovvo ^j) %d 
nsQl d-s&v dxovaaaa xal dsxo(iivfinaQd rav i^t^yov* 
(livmv t6v (ivdov 6aio)gxal q>tXoa6q>ag, xal dQ^aa 
(tif^ de* xal diaq>vXdttovaa tav Isq&v td vtvqynafAi" 
va, tov S* dhti&^ dd^av sxstv nsQt &s&v (itjdiv olo* 
(lirn f^^^ov (M^ts ^vastv, (ifits not^astv aitolg x€* 
XaQta(Uvov, ovSsv sXattov dnoifsvSoto xax6v d&sd-^ 
tfitog,6statdat(wviav^ 

XII. Aiystat ds o (ivd^og ovtog sv pQaxvtdtoig 
&g svsatt (idXtata * t&v. dxQriotbiv a(f6dQa xat ns^ 
Qtttuv dg>atQtd-ivt(av. T^g *Piag q>aal XQvq>a t^ 
Kq6vv^ ayyysvofiivtig, ata&6(isvov inaQddaa&at tov 
iXtov avtff (itits (itjvt, (i^ts ivtavtui tsxHV iQuivta 
ds t6v^EQ(tiiv tTJg -dBov avvsXd-elv, slianai^vta 



DE ISJDE ET OSIRIDE. H 

nhtm nQog T^rVeit^i^y, xal ^(ptlSrta Twvq^imf 
Matov t6 kfidofnjuoajdv , ix ndrmy vifUgag mnt 
avvMXuVf nai Tal^S^jxoi^Ta nal tgtaxoalatg indytty, 
Sg ifvp inayoiiivag Aiyirnnoi italo^ai,Mal t&p^Euip 
ytvs&iiovg ayovai • t^ (iiv ngditp tov "Qaiqtv yBVi- 
a&a$, «at ^aiy^v aij& tfx^ivti avvsxmauv, ig ix- 
ndytwv xvgtog tlg g>&g ngSuatv: tvtoi di llaftvXijv 
tiva Xiyovaiv Iv OiiPatg vdgEvdfisvov in tov UgoZ 
to^ ^idg iftnvr^v dnovaai, itaneUvoiiivijv dvBtmXv 
(utd porjg, ott idyag paailivg ivtgyitiig^atgig yi» 
yovf nal did toifto ^giipat tdv^Odtgtv, iyxtigl* 
aaviog aitw tov Kg6vov, xa» i^y twv HafAvXiuy 
iogfitiv avt^ tikBiad-at, 0aXXfiq>oglotg iotxvlav, tfl 
fi iivtiga tbv Ugoirigiv, ov jtidXlnva, ov nalngtg* 
pvt^v Jlgov Evioi naXotai * tjj tgltfj di Tv<p6iva, 
fiij natg^, firflk natd X^^^* ^^ dvag^rj^avta nXrj^ 
yji itatrig nXivgag i^aXia^af tttdgtrj dBt^v*Jaiv 
iv navvygotg ytvia&af tjj di nifintrj Ni^&vv, riv 
xal TfXBVt^v nal *Aq)godltrjv , tviot Sb nal Ninrjv 
ovoftd^ovatv. Bivat da tdv fikv "Oatgtv iVBXiov nal 
tbv lAgovrigtv,in ii^EgfiOv trjv Iatv,in di tov Kgb^' 
vov ibv Ttkfuva nal trjv Ni<p&vv. dtb nal tijv t^- 
tfjy tZv inayofiivmi unoqigdda vofiitovttg ol /taai^ 
Itig, ovn ixgfif^dii^ov, ovif i&tgdntvov aiftoifg, fii- 
ygt vvnt6g. yri(iaa&ai Ik toi Twpwvt t^vNiq>^w, 
tatv ds na\ "Oatgtv igavtag dXXriXuv, xal ngtv^ y^* 
via&ai natayaatgbg vnb axht» awtlvai, Bvwt di 
apaat nal tbv Ugoirigtv o?tto yByoviva^, nal naXtl-' 



12 PLyXAKCfll . 

fiin6'MX^vm$f. 

.. XJIL JBaQiUi/0Vj<9 d^ "OaA^p yAyvntlovg juv 
ii&vg mr^gav fili^v itai &^Movg a7taXXo^ai,-Ka^ 
Tiovg %€ d^SlBtyta, xa^ v4j*ovg &i(Wfov aitoXg,. %al 
&iOvg dslSoiVta tt^fy * wrtiQOP Si j^v nSaav {/tf- 
f o i^row iitBl&&tp , ikaxwta i*h Znhav de^&ivzay 
m&oi $M tovg xUiatovg iml k6/f^ ^t ^$^g nuarig 
Moi fwmut^g &d/OftiPOVg nif9&xy4(/^wov, q&$v^£Xr 
Isfi^ iSoSk» Moviffft^ %^v ait^v eivat'. Tvsptiva 8$, 
piJuivtQg idv oi&Bj^ fftmsfi^v, Std t^ t^v laiv ct; 
^ojla» ifvkdttuf&ai nfu ngogsxw i/itj^t&g fx^v^iv^ 
inanX&6m di ^kov fkf^avm&ai, gvvwfi6tag anr 
8qag ifidofttiwvtaxiA dvo ntmtijiUvoP , xal ovyag^ 
yav ixopta ^asiU^aap iS ,/&&iomag naQovaap, ^ 
QvofidSovoiP *Affm * ^v de ^OalQidpg ixfASjigiiodf^ 
pov kd&^ t6 0£/ia> xa* xataajuvdaayta ngog rd 
(jJyB&og kdgvaxattakiv Jux».x(jco(7/ii;7/icV^y nsgitt^, 
fig£Pf/Kilp ug t6^fin69*op, ijfa&iptm 6itS\oy/ei 
xai^ &avfimdvmy , imoojf/iff^ai t^p Tv^ava fis%d 
mudmg, o$ &v iymtarA^dtig ^t^fo&Hti di$6vm$^ 
gov ^iiw triv fidgvaMa, nij^ffip^p Ss ndPtoav xa& 
Xxmrop, &g oi$slg ip^giiottsp, iji^dvta tdv^Ooifiv 
Kat€udt&ijyaf>» tovg di a^vj^ytag^dgafi^vtagim^- 
^ai w nwfijx,, W %d ftsp y6jfi^otg xaTa^fi6vtag 
iBut&sPf jmv di &sgfiip fi6li^Sov nata^afiivov^ im 
,%6v notajioy ^vsptiuy, xsi fifi&^vaiiid tov Ta- 
PttitiJioy at^mog sig iijj' &dka^ga3i, o $id tovto 
titmitov iti vvv, Kai natdntvatov ovofidisiv .iidyv^ 



BE S^U)E. ET aSHtUDE. |3 

atrt ^doov ewog xn» unoaxbf imtvo fiaatXtvovros, 
^(Mfl^9o^ £l<io*^ <U piPmmvtUi f^aolv avtbvs ov /5<- 
ft w iX tmid tfm X(fi¥Ov tQeovtow* 

XIY; J^in»v$itia¥ tAv n$^ Xifigiot ohtowtif» 

ti^mp Uatf&v^ ual SmhfffW t6 n&dKns ala&o(idvmtr^ 

nai hi^ i§ifial6vtm m^toti. yfwt^xoq^ tdg fUv 

«S^VAdtotis tSav> oxlMat tm^tt$ sUi» «i oiioH^ lu vvv 

dw Yoi^fa atetwyjiff. xj^^pfo^fff^af * t^* 4' ^Jtat^ 

nM^^^v* Mi^d^:uh ivtai^ w¥ nlouaptmw 

iifa^ ««> ntMd^fMv^nOi^vwiaJkxfiCVfOnovtjiaikH^ 

lii^,1fSbii ^OfMl^iSioundh, kttgot 9i taffvofia 49ii»alT 

wv oloy tii« <rfa^9atv * td ;ra^ a^oa^tf^iiv , uiinMiP 

lipi^u ttlonftifdvtiv di mivti^ nol aTto^tuaav^ o£» 

dim n^M^alv «^x^o^ii^Taf » dXit^ nal naiimfiot^ 

avm^ffiZaav, i^tavm^ ta|f( XaQvaMog* ta d« TiK 

jpSh^ yB^an^taj ml ^p^aaw tdotdfna,^ di qv ^6 d)*7. 

^tfojr ol^illoitoS; T^ufwvqg us t^if^dXaaaa» .m^. 

aan* 4n tpt&tov.tci naM^ fi^tpttnrjn difvofMV^w 

plkadin tevff J^ywntovg; nal fttiiMf ta talQ, toiitmt 

itttim^p. nh^idai naifi^vioi^ ir U^tf xo« qt^iyr 

yafuamv;o t^ avtitxpio^» ai^^f^ivffv Hi.t^ aiSil^ 

i^Gvta av^fovivai dH ayfomv^iis kavt^ tdn^^Oittn 

^v, nHi tanf^iffiOv tdatoav^^v fitith&tivov atipnm 

vovt ov inuvog 9r«^ t^y tfitfi^vv «ptijUne, to naf: 

^rt^fK» ^i^iivm ydif.ei^v^ ttfta^y dui q>6' 

fiortov Tw$ihf0^y' tVQ9&iy j(aUitii^ nml ft4,;gifn^i^ 

K&tfimifS^m t^ - Jcr«i»» itn$a^tjpak nal ytnda^^f. 



14 , PLVTARGttl 

q>vlam %al offadoif avt^gJUyovftiV^Q^gvyd^if&ii^ 
Ttt , nal Xsyofttyop t09g &iovg qt^QHO^, Sam^ol 

Tivpig tovg dp&^mfiovg-. < .•» 

XV. *£h 9i To&fot^ ftvd^&on mfl t^g Jlrfpi^ 
xog, wg 5^dtf j^v BipXep x^ttPvn6 rijg &aXiMi^ 
^.KKVfiaih^Haap avttjv i^Kff ttpl fnak&aitf&g 6 irXv* 
do3P ngogifii^p' n d* iginti »d%Xi<rtov H^og okipif^ 
X^fl^xal fiiyanov apadfQafWJhu, mQtinti^ nal 
mgtiipv xal anix^tfttp itxbg iatn^g" &avftsiaa49i 
d^^aatJlevg tov q>vtet> td fiiyt&o^ xa$ m^rtfjtmp 
tiiv mqtixovta Ti\v aoq^ ov% Sgmfiipfiv xiknor,' 
sgetafta t^g atiyrig ^niatfiat. ^aM^ t$ nvtiffiatt^ 
tpaal datfiovlw qtfififig ftv&ofdpfiv tfiP^l^tv tlg BiS' 
fiXov d<!pttda&ait , xalxa&hdaar irti xgffivrigifanBi'^ 
v^p xal MaxQVfiipriv, aXXtj^ (iip faiikvl ft^oglkaiki' 
yia&at, tijg Si fiaaiUdeg tdg &6gttnaivldag dand^B-^ 
ada^ xai qitXoq>govti<f&ai ^. t^v ts x6fjtfiv mt/fmnti'* 
tovaofp ait&p, xal t^^x^onl &avfiaat^^ t^^ttv^ 
imnviovaap wp. iavtrig. tdo^atig^ di ttig fia^ilHlh^. 
tdg &€ganaiv£dag^, tfttgtiv ifmtailv i^g^Vfig^ttar tw 
tgtx&p To9 T< x^^^ dftpgoatvtv ftviovto^* e^Tt» di 
fiEtamfiip&tlaap ttat ftvoijUvfiv awii&fi, ftm^itfa-^ 
a&at tov natiiovti^ titOfiv, opoftadi t^ftiv fiti'^ 
atXiit MdXxavdgov thai tpaatv*^ osvt^ 9i oi piipl4^ 
atdgtfiP, 0* Si JSdt^atr, ol 9i Ntpttivo%¥' Smg Bv 
'EXXfiP^ Udfivt^a ngogihoiiv^ 

.XVI, TgifpHv^tilv^Xatr, wpti piaatoSj *il6¥ 
^xtvXo^ tig ti 9tipta to%mttSlQV dtMaav, vih^ 
ntiOQ 9i . ^fixtUtin : i4 ^vfitdito^ afStfitn^g, ' avtfiv 



DE ISlirE ET OSHCIDE. 15 

m y^ifOfiivfiv x^id6va tfj tiiovt mgtTxittQ^at itin 
ifjtfjilff^., ax^ 9^ Tiyy Pa<fili6aixv Ttotgaq^vldSotadp 
%al iux^uyomop &g flSi mQtxat6fiivov rd pgi(fog, 
4^e}$eF^flM t^ «^araaiaP avjov. Tijy di ^tdv fpa- 
vifay ytvofiirTlv mhTiaaa&at j^v xiova t^$ atiyrjg^ 
v^t^Oihw ^ ^ata mgwifat tijv iQiHfiv, tha 
taiftfiv fdv oMvp mqtitakvtftaaav, xoti fivgqv xata" 
^afiivfiv, iyx^tqiaat toig paatUZat, xat vvv stt ai^ 
fita^m BvfiXiovg.tA ivXov iv U^ itiifiBvov "latdog» 
7/jf de do^ mqtmaHv, nal nmvaat tmXtMvtov, 
kiff^t&v Jtaidmv tov (faatXiiog^ tov vemtgoi^ ivda' 
fUV, t^ dt Ttgtgfivttqov fit&* iavtljg sxovaav,. itoit 
t^v ao^v ug nX/oiov iv&tfiivfiv ,avax&fjvdt tov IH , 
0,9idffiv notmfM Jtvivfia tgo^ttgov ix&giijfavto^ 
itif^ Htiy ta^f&vfiu&ttaav uvo^gmvat td ^tXdgov. 

/v^XYIL*i^»v 6i ng&tov igrjfiittg ttvxiv, avtriv 
xafl^^^ifiun^v ytvofdvfiv, mvoT^xt irjv XdgvnM, xal 
t^Plfowfn^ ti^ng^atmov im&tiattv, dandaaa&at 
XQt^xfev^^AV" Tov di natiiov ananjj n^gfX&ovtog 
ijt.tihfJima&tr xm« uatafiav&dvovtog, ata&ofiivfiv' 
futa^tgaifijvat ttal dttv^v vno ogyijg iftpXiifjat, to 
dk^fmtihv oin dvmaxia&ait^ tdgp^og, atkduno' 
&a(9fWt^.. ^iM q^tv ovx ovi<og,i^^ Sv ttgtitattQ^' 
noa^injrtiHiv.ttfi.T^ &dXaaattv, txtt di tiftdg oid 
t4?. ^f^*' avymgi^-^otkiv Aty^ntiot nagd tdavfi 
niata Mdvigtiia, tofl^tovthat, ttvig di tov fiiv 
nmi9(BiftMh»0Atn^IIaX»tattv6v, fj IhiXoiatov, xal 
Tjji? .^iXiv ifidmVftovdw. avtovr pvia&at , xtia^tt' 
am»,yn^^;^,&^v^^t^ 4^ »iiptv&v Mdvigma, 



16 PLVT4;RGHi . 

Qfoijui fuv oidBvdg bIviu^ dMiMxw $knipovai,v my- 
d-Q(li)Jioi^ »oi &aiiiaSov^& 9Ef£ffi[>iWtti»> JSiHftui rm 
Toiayxa nmqdf^' xovito yu^ t^ ikfayi^n. ^p^oS^^^ 
yov , ayeufmxui' iactttf ran xovq J^ywtiiio^^', mQtn^ 
dftQkU xo^ x6 diuivufAsvov avtodq f*Sal6» dvS^voffif 
xt&yiix6xog ir lu^mit^ nsffHfkt^ft&fw , ov» &mp 
yndfiPfifi^ vov tibqi ^Oai^idas nti&ovs,.^ rmf vnthi 
Xafij^drovaof i, ak£ oiofmf&vs noiQmialiti^ mvxovq 
ZQV^&^i ^<^ noQpvai 9C0U amiai9t9,.ag nmnaqai" 
Tfj^a fjialM xoiovxovg iaofMfoyg, ov ;t^iP inl Mmftem 
iTtsiadyovai. 

• XVIII. T^g di "laidog n^ Tdit «Uv '^v^ i9 
^ovxe^ XQtqidfifvo» noQtvi^daiig', to 6^ aYywxv itt^ 
nodoip ano&sfiivfjff, Tvift&v» wvvtiysvovyta itbKW^ 
7tQ6g TY7V. asX^vfiy ivxvxup- aix^,.7imj6 a&fia /vv^- 
Qiaavxd duXelv sl^ xhaaaf^axaUkjia fitQfi, koH dUti^ 
iiiftair xfiv y^J^iv nv&of/mv^v aMaSrixuy-iy fidQ%^ 
ii.nimVQivfi^. ^d slfi disiinXda^iaay- . o^sv owdii^ 
xsia&aixovg iv nanvgivoig aitdcpsa^-fAiovtag h7tdi> 
x&v uQOHoikUBiyi ff ippfiovfti»0yu ^ as^fdvmv duk. 
Xf]v ^s6v^' ix xovioy ia iml naHoifg. xdspovg *QaiQ^ 
dog iv jAyifnxijg JJyfa&iU dm x6 rtQpg^yxdvwasMf^ 
sKdaxf^ fJtsQSs xeupdg nouiv* . ol dk oii xpaaw * dJJkdr 
sX^oila noiov^ijv diddvai nm6^ Mat^ ndlit^ mg- 
.10 ac5/icc didovafxv' onmgnmQe^nhsioatv ^.xtpurg,^- 
x^v 6 fv<pmv insxQoxfiap xov^^JlQoVf taviiiiidtyov 
tiupov Jftjxmv^ noXXmy Isyopi^mv naV dmmvfdymv^ 
anayoQsvaji, ji6vav Ji t&v fUQm TOi) 'OaiQtiog ttfy ^ 



DE ISIDE ET OSlfilDE. 1 7, 

tafior^t^^&iivtti,nalytwma&eiiT6v ta Xemdmdvav^ 
jov. xai tdv (pdy^v.Kttl tdv oivgvyj^ov/ ovg fidXi^a 
1WV ix^y^y tt^fofnova&tti, r^v d\ laiv avi iKtivov 
fiilAfifict noitfiaafuvriv xa&uo&aa* t6v ipaXkdv^ t^xai 
fvy koQxdfyiv tohg Aiyvntiovg. . 

XIX. "Entita t^ "Jlgt^ tdv "Oatgiv If tfdov na» 
QayBv6fJiivov ^ianov(iv inl tr^v (idxijv xal aaxBtv, 
ilta dugiatijaat, ti xdXXiatov ^yutai. tov de 9)17- 
aaytog, tt} natqt xoi t^ l^^VQ^ tifAioquv manSig nnr- 
^ovqiv , Seittgov igia&at, ti yqriaifimfqov oXetai 
^ov tlg Jidxfiv i^iovat, tov d^ "JIqov Xnnov unov" 
Toc, ini&avfjidaat xal dianogijaat, nSig ov Xiovta 
fAolXov,. dX£ Xnnov. dmlv ovv tdv Jlqov, &g Xifuv 
piv wpiUfiov intdiofjiivt^ fiofi^tiag, innog di qpcu* 
yovta . dtaandaat nal natavaXSiaai tdv noXifuov, . 
dxovaavta ovv ^oxf^voi jov^^Oatqiv, wg ixavwg na- 
Qaaxivaaafiivov tov "Jlqov, Xiytiat di, ott woX- 
Xav; fistatt^tfiivav dtl ngog tov^ JIqov, xai ^ naX- 
Xttxri tov.Tvq>&vog dqiixtto OovrjQtg. otptg di ttg 
intdtdfxanf avt^tino twv negl tdv^ Jlqov xa%tx6nti, 
xal vvv.dtd tovto axotviou tt nQopaX6vte4 ttg fie^ 
aov xatax6ntovat, t^v fiev ovv fidxriv inl noXXtrg 
rifjiiqag yevia^at xal xQatTJaat tbv^JlQOv, t6v 7'i'- 
(pSjva de t^v latv dtdtfiivov naQaXa/Jovaav , ovx 
dveXetr,.dXXd.xat Xvaai xal^e^elvai' tov de^JlQOv 
ov fitiglag iytyxelv, «U* int^aXovja trj fJifitQi tng 
Ztigag dnoandaai jrjg xt<palii$ t6 paaiX^tov ''j^QfirfV 
6e neQi&etvtti fipvxgavov a.vtj XQarog, tov di Tv* 
PirT.MoR.III. B 



jt8 PLVTARCHI 

qaavog d/xiyy v^^Jl^m va&tlag Xa;(SPTO^, poif^aat^ 
iogtov ^E^fiov idv Slqov hn^ tSp &s&r yptiaioi^ 
ugi&%vai, t6v df TtKpma Zvdlv aXkaig fidxaig Ma-* 
ta7tohfJia>9^vat,, tfjv y^Iaiv fittd tijvtihvj^w i^ 
^{kfl^iffog av/yBfofiivov , texuv ^itifirivov %mt «- 
a&tv^ tolg udtcadev yvloig t6v '^novi^dmiv, 

XX. Tavta axei^P iati Toii fiv^ov td xrqpcf^ 
laia t&v dvaqffiiAOtatav i^aiQf&ivttav * oldv iat^ 
ih nt^l t6v **SIqov diafiihaiidv Htii tdv ^idog «m 
kffpaliafidv, ?n filv oiv uta^tttntql tijg fiakat" 
Qtag nal dqt^dgtov (pvatatt, Ma&* fjv fiitktata votit^ 
tai rd ^siov, ng dXij&oig TfQOz&ivta xal avfimadw 
iei doitKovai xal Uyovatv, mnontiaai bii %a\ m^ 
&^Qaa&ai t6 at6fia xat jdax^lov, ovdsv dii Is- 
fHV ngdg at, xix» yaQ aitrj dvaxolatystg toXg ovrm 
naQav6fjiovg xal /kiQfidgovg dS^ag ntQl &iSv fz^v-* 
W. Sj^ d* ovx totns ta%ta ^ofitdij fivMfjtaoiv «- 
fatol^ *ol dtaxivo^g nXdafiaatv, ola notiital xa) it»« 
fO/gdq>ot, naddnsQ oi dgdxvat, ytvv&yttg mp' lav- 
^Mv aT^ dgz^? dvvno&itov wpaivovat xal dnott^ 
fovatVy alX txtt tivdg dnoQlag xa» na&Qv dttipi' 
attg,^ avri ola&a. xal xad-dntQ ol fio&ijfiattxol tfj> 
igtv Bfjtqiaatv tlvai tov riXtov Uyovat notutXXofiivfiv 
Tjf ngdg td vi(pog dvaxfOQrian t^g8iptoiig,.ovtoig6(il^ 
&'6g ivtaifd-a Xdyov tivdg Pfi<paatg iattv dvaxXiivtog 
in iU.a t^v dtuvotav,tbi vnolhiXovaiv oti t$ &vata* 
t6 niv&tfiov Xxo'^011' 9<a2 axv&qtan6v ifiq>aivdfiivov, 
m% tt twv vatav dta&iattg, nij fitv dvttftsv(av tlg nta 
^ xai dQdfiovg vnat&qiovg xal xa&agovg, n^ di 



DE I$IDE ET OSIEIDE, 10 

dril^alotg iotxSra Kal aiiitolg • ovx ^ntatu di ^ tSj» 

^Ooigsiofp do|iv. noUaxo^ /ff^ xsia&aii Xtyo^iifi^ 

, ToD adfftatog, opoft^^at^aif noXlxPtjv Ufovakf, i^ 

1 fidvtiv tA dXii&tvdv fxovomf, $v w UpiSia toi*g «w* 

hifiopag t(av Alyvntlm mil hvvatovg ftAltata Stk^ 

ntia^ai q>tXottfiOVfjiiyovg oftotaipovg iha* tov aw- 

I (itttog 'Oaigtdog, iv ds Mifi<pU tgiqxa^at tbvAfitv^ 

\ itdtaXov &yTa tfjg ixtivov i/^vxijg, onov xal td awfiti 

xsia&tit ' uttl tijv.fiBv n^Xiv oi ftsv^Ogfiov dya&MV 

iQfiflvivoVatv , ol d* idiug tdq>^v ^Oal^idog» trtv di 

Tfqdg 0lXatg vtjalda t^v aXXwg fiiv a^atov anaat 

xa» dngoaniXa^tov tlvat, xal /uijd' ogvt'&ag in av* 

triv uatalffitv, fifidi ix^vg ngog7i$Xd^ttv , ivl As ;foi- 

qt^ toifg UgBlg ^iafialvovtag ivayi^ftv nat inataatir 

(pHv to a^fiet fti^&id^g <)pviu negtantaidfKVov, vftt" 

gatQOVtt ndaiig iXaiag ftiy t^og^ 

XXI. £lidoiog dir »oXX&v tdtpm iv Atyvnrtf 
Xfyoftivoav, iv JBovaigtdt j^ awfia xtladat, xal /cr^ 
natgid» taltiiv y^t/ovdvat tov *OaigtlU>g» ovxitt 
ftivtoi l6yov deia&at trjv Tmpiatqw* avtb,yd^ 
(pgd^lv tovvofia Tecq^jy 'Oaigtdog* aivw di tofr^V 
^Xov xal exiatv Xivov xat xodg x^^^^^f ^^ *^ 
noXXa Toiy fivattxtav dvafifftix&ai toiftoig. o^ ^<(- 
vov di loitov oi t$feig XiyovatP, dXXd xal tuV dX- 
l&v ^s&v; Sadl fiH dyiwtjfiot, .fi^^* aip^aqtot, td 
fiiv adtftatu nuQ avtoTg xBta^at xaptdvta )(«i ^tqd^' 
mvea&at, tdg di fvxdg ivovqttv^ Xdfimtv Satga, 
wl xdlal^fil fdinni ativ tiv^Iati^g ip* '£XX^viaw\ ' 

B 3 



40 PLVTARCHI 

lh«* Alymttap de Z(a&iy, ^Jlgltava Se riijv^JlQOv; 
#jjv,3i Tvifwyog, uqxxov. ti^^ds Ttig rgofpag Twr t*- 
laanivtiv ^jmiv, tovg giiv allovg avvTfxayfiiva tBXsty, 
(i6vovg ds fi^ didJvort rovg OfjPatda xaroixoifVTaCg 
mg &yr(t6v de6v ov$iva vofu^ovtag, dXltt ov xaXov^ 
ktv avTol Kv^ff, ayiwriTOV ovra xal d&avarov. 

■XXII. IIolX^v ds ToiovTfav Xfyofiivtov xa* dsi^ 
xvvfiivav, oi fiiv ol6fuvoi §aoiXi(av TavTa xal tv- 
(^vvviv. (pt dqeTTiV vmg<piQovaav ^ dvvafnv d^loffia 
tfi dd^tj, &t6TtiTog imygaipafjUv(ov , tixa xQ^idafiivwv 
tiyaig) tgya xal nd&fi dttvd xal fttydXa dtafivrjfio^ 
vehea&ai, ^aaTji fiiv dnoHqdait tov Xoyov xQ^VTai, 
xal t6 diiagfrifiov ov <favXfag dnd Tc5y ^swv in dv^ 
^goinovg fiSTatpigovat, xal Tavtag exovaiv dn6 tc^v 
UttoQovfiivm fioti&eiag. iaTogoiiat ydg AlyvnTiot 
tbv fiiv *Eq^ijv t(o a^fiaTt yevia&ai yaXidyxava, 
^v Si Tvq>oiva tfi XQ6a nvQQdv, Xivxdv di t6v /2- 
iov, xal fiiXdyxQOVv T^v^OaiQtv, &g TJj q,vasi yfyo^ 
v6tag dv&Qwnovg. en di xal aTgaTr]y6v ofO/iccSov- 
aiv "OaiQiV, xal xvPfQVriT7\v Kdvoi^ov, ov q>aatv 
iTt&vvfiov ytyovivat t6v daTiQU' xal t6 nXo7ov, o 
xaXovatv,*£XXfjveg*AQydt, Trjg 'OaiQtdog viwg tXd<aXov 
%nl tifi^j xatriateQtafiivov , ov fiaxQav qtiQia^at tot 
yiQiavog xal tov Kvv6g, &v id fiiv "JIqov, t6 ds 
'l6tdog ieQiov, Alyinttot vofii^ovatv, 

XXIII* ^Oxvta de, .fii^ tovto rj td dxivijta xt» 
v&v,xal noXefiftv ov t^ noXX^xQ^^^» '^^^ Sifita-^ 
vldrjv, fi6vov, noXXoXg d^ dv&Qion<av e&viat xal yi* 
viat xaT6xoigvn6 trignQbg tovg ^eovg toiftovg oatd" 



D£ ISIDE E;T OSIfilDE. ai 

inl yijv 6>6uata TtiUxavta, xot^ tt{Affv xai nlditf 
oUyov daiv SnaaiP bk n^mfig ysviaiug ivdedvxtiia^ 
i^iatikvai ital dvaXvBiv, fjuydXa$ f^iv t^ (x^c«> Xn^ 
xXiaiddaq dvoiyovtagnal i^av&Qiamj^ovti, td &eiaf. 
\ laiinQotv ds t^gEvrjfiiQov tovMtaar^viov q^evaxtafjio^ 
naqqtiaiav dtdovtag, og avtdg dvtiy^aij^ avv&tlg a- 
niatov xal dvvnuQxtov fiv&oXoyiag, ndaav d&i6^. 
TTjra Mataaxsddpvvai tj}g oixovftivtig, tovg vofuSfh- 
fiivovg x)-Boifg ndvtag ofiaXwg dtayqdtpm, t\g 6v6^ 
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ndXai ysyov6i(av, iv da Hdyxovtt yqdfjifiaai XQ^' 
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tlg tovg fjiridttfi6&i pjg ysyov6tag, fiijdi ovtag Jlay^ 
ZW}vg xal TgtcpvlXovg, ivtstvxriHft, 

XXIY. Kaitoi ftsydXat ftiv Vftvovvtat fiQd^tg 
iv 'Aaavqioig, Ssfitqdfjttog * f/tsydXai ds al JSBodigqtog 
iv Jlyvntta' 0qvysg ds ftixq'' vvv td XafJtnqd xaV 
^avfjtaatd tav sqytov, Mavtxd xaXovai, dtd to Jtio* 
viv Ti>vd tiav ndXfit fiaatXiiav dya&^v uvdqa xal Sv- 
vatov yavia&at naq avtolg^ ov svtoi Mdadr\v xch 
Xovat. J^vqog ds Iliqaag, Maxsdoyag 5s ^iXi^r 
Sqog, oXiyov dsXv inl niqag tr^g yijg xqatovvtag 
nqoriyayov • dUA ovofta xal fjtvrifirjv fiaatXim «/£»-'' 
%tZy Bxovatv, sl pi tivsg iSaq&ivtsg vno ftsyaXav^ 
Xias, <Sg (fr^atv 6 UXdiwv, Sfjta vs6tritt xal dyvoia , 
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iwvvfAiag, xpil vfxZv IdqimSr .?!^^j^^ T^^WKh> 



2K5 PLVTARCHI 

§dag xal naQaPOfiiag kQog4q>Xopug^ 

^JlithiJiof^i Kaxvdh dixiiv ag^ivrtg dnintap, 
w»l v^v, (SffJtiq 4ycitytfi0€ d^anixai, r&v U^Sv xe^ 
%&v jiaiA&v dno^aa&ivttg oidiv ofU* tj td fivfjpLa" 
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gnv, *£qfio94tov tiv^g iv nqtiifiaaiv avcdv riXiov 
mti9a 9al &idv dvayogtvovtog * OJ totattd fiot 
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nog <l nXiiatfig l4ntXXfjv ifdfiiftato thv Smygctqxfr^ 
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qmv ' avt6g di Wotv, ffg t^v 9iSav oidi alj cv^cm* 
gTfattai /^(^vo; dXti&ivtjv xal iBiav oiaav^ 

XXV. BiXtiov ovv ol td ntgi tdv Tv<fmva xai 
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Tff, /iijT dv&gdtnnv, dlXd datfAdvmv fttydXaiv that 
vofii(ovttg, ovg nai JlXdtav ital nv&ayogag nal 
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rn» liyovat , xai noXX^ ttj bvvdfiti ti}»^ qyvatv ^nt^^ 
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SXhiatv ndfytvm, xul Kg6vov ttvsg S&tafiot ngd* 
^Hg, xal liv&wfog dvtttdiwg ngdgjtndXXiova, ^v- 



D£ ISmE ET UtlSIDE. 2ir 



/tut» ^iQvifaov Mal nldrat^ /H^urjptqti^f aSdh aa 
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Sau tBfivauMQig it^olg ntgiSiaXvTtjdfUwauinTilttais, 
aQQtita Suail^rat' ml dSHata ng6s toi^ ffoyUov^, 
o{ioiop tx^ IfyoP:, 

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xa» ^alihev * 
daifi6vujCx^5&^ ilM* T^ ^«i^iVocM oviif; 
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Tmp Ttal ngoai^atp» Zdw 6 fdv nldttnp *OXvf»niot^ 
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(iaifioaiP dnodidMOU 6 ^s Zspoxqdtfig ttai Ti5#iJ^«« 
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iivag , n nonmigi, $ vi^iiag » 1} (ivaqff^iiag, ^ A^ 
oiqokoyiap ixovoip^ ovt» &»&P tifioug, oHTt daifi6» 
mp oXttat ngogliiuip xgnatSv, dJJid dpai tj^vaag ip. 
I r$ mgiixopti fnydXag. fttM ual iaivgng, ivatfinovg^ 
U xai OKV&got^vxg, al jifai^avoi toi^ TOioiiTOi;, xai 
Mfyj^dvovaai ngdg ov&ip iXXo xfi^ tginovtoi*^ 



24 PLVTARCfll 

^oig ^i /^aTOtf? ndlt^ xoil aya&oifg ? ts *Haiodoi 
uyvovq doUjiovag Koi ipviaxag^ dtf&QmTtw^ n^gayo^ 

nXovtod6^ag, xal toSto yigag ftafnXrfiov ^oyror^. 
o T8 llXdtw kQiA^Pitnutdv t& toio vto^ oyofuiSei /e- 
f«$ «a» dxaxoyMcoy, ^y fiea^ ^««y xai dv^qdtmiv, 
Mvxdg^ fMV im xa* ikiiaug av&gwtmv dvaTtiiAnov^ 
wg, iMi&tv ^i (MtvTua ^vgo xal 96<Fetg dya&mv 
^^s^viag. 'EfAmdoxXijg di Kal d^agfptfol Siddvai 
tovg dalftovag, <av iSaiiaQtuai xal nliififieXriatiiHFtiv. 

ji&iQ$ov fiiv yuQ aq>8 (uvog novjovds^ di&xu, 

Jl6vtog y ig x^ovig ovdug diUnfvai^ yata d\ 
ig avydg 
. *HsXiov- dxafiavTog , i d* ai&igog^efifiaXB divaig* 

ZiXXog d* ii aXXov dixetat, axvyiovat di ndvng. 
axQtg ov xoXaa&ivttg ovtot xal xa&ag&ivttg, ai&ig 
trjy xatd (pvatv xofQav xal td^tv dnoXd^at, - 

XXVil. Toimiv ds xtx» rtav jotoutiav ddsltpd 
Uyta&ai qtaot mql Tvq>mog , mg dttvd fiiv vn^ 
tp&ovov xat dvgftsVBiag fitQydaato * xal ndvta nqd' 
yftata tagd^g, evinXtias xax&v yifv Sfiov jt naaav 
jmU &dXaaaav, slta dixi^v &5enc8v. ^ di ttfitogdg *0- 
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natanavdaaa fiaviav xal Xvaaav, ov ntQtB^de toi/g 
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avtijg, xal noXXd ftsv egya aoq>iag, nolXd d^ dv- 
(^Qiag dftvrjatiav vnoXa^ovaav xal auaitvjv, dXXd 
talg ayimdtaig dvafJtiSaaa ttXetaig, jBixdvag xo» 
vnovoiag xal fti^rifta t&v tdu na&ijftdtm ^ iias» 



DE I5IDE ET OSIRIDE. 35 

Stiag 6fAov '^liayiia naiir naqttfth^iw dpi^dai nal 
ywat$v vn& avftipogeh ixofiiyotg ofiolw lea^cMMiH 
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dn6 tQdnov fAtfAtyfiivag iifidg ^oifat,navtaxov ftip, 
iv di Totg Inig yrjv xalvnb ^ijy ifvydfisvoi fiiytf 
(nov. ov fMQ alXov tilvat ^dgamv, tj t6v Hkovm' 
vd <paat, xallatv' jfjv Jls^itpaaaav, &g*AQxif^«Zog 
iXqftixtv 6 £v/Soivg, xal 6 JlovTtndg^BQaxXsithig 10 
X^iifTf^Qtov iv Kavd^n^ IJloifrCivog riyovfuvog tSvai, 
XXYiU. UTolifialog Ss 6 ^ear^q ovag tldijov 
iv Stydmti tov Jlloiniovog xoXoaa6v, ovx intajd" 
ftivog, ovdi kfaqaxwg nq6jiQov , o\6g T^y liOQip^v, 
xiXtvovra xofilaat 1171^ Taxiarriv avt6v tig '^efay- 
dgiiav. d/yootfvtt 6* ovriu xal dnoQoifvti , nov 
xu&idgvTat, ntt\ 6tfiyovfiiv(o tol^ qtiXdtg triv oifttv, 
ihgi^ noXvnXdvrig Siv^qmnog, ovofia 2ml§tog, iv 
^tvmntj q>dfjttrog lojQaxivai totovtov xoXoaa6y, otov 
6 paoiXtvg i6tly sSofyv, tntfty/sv olv ^miXfj xa* 
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xot Stiag nQOVoiag, rfyayov ixxXiipavttg, insl di 
xofttaS-dg eutp&ri, avftPaX6ytig ol ntgl Ttfto&tov t6v 
^/^Tijy xak Mavi&tava t6v ^^tvvirriv JJXovtt^" 
fog o> ayaXfti», tc3 KtQPiQ^j^ ttxftdtQ6fttvot xalt^ 
dQuxovtt, mi&ovat t6y HioXettatov, wg ktiQOv&tm- 
ov6tv6g, dXXd ^agdmddg iattv. ov yaQ ixtWtv c^ 
iwj 6yOfttt^6ftsyog fj)tty, dXl* tig ^AXt^dydQttar xoftt^* 
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ug xal tdv^OaiQiv oi tmUQSv fistaXafidvteg taaaiVm 
XXIX. Ov yoQ als^op nqogixtiv tolg ^gvyiotg 
yifdfifiaaiv, iv oig Uynai ffXQonmg, tovg fdv tou 
'flgaxkiovg ysvia&at &vydtf^, 'laataHov di tou *£f- 
gaxliovg i Tv^po^, ov$i <PvldQxov fi^ xataqiQo- 
pslv, yodffovtog, oi« nQmog sig Aiyvntov i^ 'ivSav 
dk6vvaog rjyays difo fiovg, oiv r^v ta fti» Anig ovo' 
ua, Ta> d' ^OaiQig' .SdQanig d' ovofia tov t^ nav 
itoafjiovvtdg iati^'naQd td atuQSiv, S ualkvvstv %ivi^ 
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itoXl^ d* dionmsQa td tth Uy6vtmvt ovk slvas 
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ovofidisa^ai, xat xotXxug tivag iv MifMpsi nvXag 
H^iig Hol itoixvtov nQogayoQSVOfiivag , otav ^a^ 
mwai t6v *Amv dvoiysa^ai, fioQi^ tial axXtfQ^v y/o- 
f^aag, dio mivt6g ^ovvtog rifjiug xahuufiatog int" 
Xt^dvsa&ati. ftstQidnsQOV Si oi naQa t6 asvsa&at 
*al t6 aova&at t^v tov navt&g Sfjta xlv^aiv sIq^- 
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KVid q>aai tdv^OatQtv avfinsnlix^as %aXt6v^A7UV^ 



D£ i&iD£ £T. OSIIUD£. 27 

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a; uidoug vlavxolg m^ avxo^ yevofUvoig xa* nffo^ 
HVTf '&B6y ofvoftAo^at (pfioi* zal na^ jdyvnxloi^ 
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qov intoxtipdtfis^* vtiv 66 xd Xo^nd xijg iv x^g^ 
diitjg nifogdtiX^»fixv» 

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^fiav^fdvfiv «0» avvttxQififiivfiv 6lvafuv, m 66 
tal fvxo^ietyo^aav xai aq>addSovaav , ^axtv alg 
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rrig xal /H]fi7iTgog xal ^JSatiag xal ^Hgag' t^v di 
tov dcadtxayuivovr ^iog* tr^v di kxxamtvtrixovza'* 
yaviov, Tv(pmog, ag Evdo^og iatdg^sv, 

XXXI. Alyvjrtiot di nvggdxgovv ysyovivatjdv 
Tv<p&va vofiiipvtig , xal tSiv ^oav tovg Ttvggovg 
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gaadfuvot xal dnoxdtpavtig , flg tbv notafibv iggi^ 
ntovv ndXat, vvv ds tdig Uvotg dnodidovtai. tdvt 
6i fiilXovta ^vsa^ai fiovv ol a<pgayiatal Xsydfuvot. 
tiav isgi<av xatsarifjiaivovto, ti^g a(pgayidog (ag iato^. 
gu Kdatutg) yXv(p^v fiiv ixovatig av&g(onov b\g y6~ 
vv xadHxdta talg %sgalv oniattf nsgiTiyfiivaig, txov- 
ta xatd tIJ^ a(pay^g ^ig>og iyxsifuvov * dnoX<Avsiv 
^Lxa\ Toy ojQy mmg sXgriTm%^g i^pmTitog, dia 



D£ ISIDE £T OSIRIOE. 2» 

Z^otr ototriaL dtd xal mv IlfQaixwv ^aailmt 
iz&gairovttg fjtdhaia j^p Jlxov &q ivay^ *al /ucor- 
^v , ovov iTmvdfiaaav, x^xuvog tlnmv , 6 (livrok 
ovog ovTog vfjiSv xaJsvaz^asTai j6v /3ovv, sdva$ 
jov Amy, wg ^sivtav iai6gr,xsv. oi de Xiyovtfg, ix 
T^g fiaxrfg inl ovov i^ Tvffwvt j^v ifvy^vknTd ^- 
liiga^ ysvia&at, xal afa^ivta ^svvrfoat naldag, 'is- 
qoadlvfiov, xal 'lovdaiov, avt6dsv sial xatadtiXo^ 
zd 'lovdalxd nagiXxovtsg slg jov fivd-ov^ 

XXXII. Tavta fisv ovv totavtag vnovolag J^- 
9aatr *. dn SlXr^ d' ag/ijg twv (ptXoaofftatfQov tt 
Uysiv doxovvtmv jovg anXovajdiovg axs^jwfis&a 
nqiojov. ohtoi dislatv ol Xiyovttg, agnsQ**£XXrivsg 
Kq6vov aXXrjyoQoifat j6v xq6vov, "Hquv ds, jov vH" 
Qa, yivsotv da^HcpaiaJov, T^y sig nifQ dsQog fjtsta^ 
doXriv pvt<o naQ Atyvntloig NtlXov stvat t6v'^0» 
atQiVf^^Iiftdt avv6vta t^ yy Tv<p^va ds trjv ^dXaa^ 
aav, ug riv o ISsiXog ifAninjtov dq>aviisjat xal dia" 
anajat, nXi^v oaov -§ yij fiigog dvaXnfi^dvovaa xal 
dsxofiivfi, yivsjat' yovtfiog vn avjov, xai -dQrjv^g 
iojtv isQ6g int jov Kq6vov ysv6fisvog, ^QrjvsT, ds t6v* 
iv joXg uQtojSQolg ysv6fisvov fiiQsatv, iv da jolg 6s*. 
lto7g tp&stQ^fjtsvov. AlyvnJtqt ydg oiovtat td fisy 
koia, jov x6afiov nQ6a<anov slvat, jd di ngdg (ioQ' 
(dv ds^td, jd ds nQog v6tov aQtatsQd' q>fQ6fiSvog^ 
ovv ix jZp vojitov 6 NelXog, iv ds jolg pOQsiotg vnif 
irjg &aXdaarig xajavtfXtax6fisvog , tix6jatg Xiystat. 
T^v fisv yivsaiv iv jo7g dQtatsQolg sxftv,tnv dsq>dO'^ 



30 PLVTARCHl 

^wv ly Toig di^iotg^ ^<d tiiv iB-d^dXaaaav ol Uqbi^ 
Sq)oaiovv7ai, nal rdv aXa, Vv(pSjvog a<pQ6¥ xaXoXfo$' - 
nal iSiv wnayogtvofiivav tv iattv avtolg inl tgt»'- 
niSrig SXa- fi^ nQoxlMa&au %a\ xvptgvtirag ou 
nQOgayogivovaiVyOn ZQoivtM &aXdrtij, fcal tbvfiiov 
ano tr^g ^aXdxxt^g ixovaiv, ovx ^xtata de xal tdy 
ix&vv dn^ xavxfjg nQofidXXovtai ttjg aitlag, 9cat to 
fjita siv ix^ifi yQtitpovatv, iv 2dii yovv iv t^ ngon^^ 
Jl^ T0& Uqov t% Id&rjvag ijv ysyXvfifiivor pgiq>og, 
yigfav, xa» fi$td tovto iigaS, i(pt^g d* ixd^vg, ijtl 
naai &8innog notdfiiog. idriXov ds avn^Xixwg, a> 
yivdfitvm xal anoytv^tvoi, dtoyi^v, iigam di 
tdv &sdv gfgdH^ovatv,. ix&vi di (iXaog, Sgmg stgrjtoet,. 
Bitt T^ &dlatxav tnnt» notafttta d dvatdeiav. 
liynai ydg dnetttsivotg rdi» noniga, tjj fnjtgl (Sln 
ftiyvva&ai, d6^i dk xal td vn6 twv Jlv&ayogixSjv 
X(y6fi9vov, &g 1) d-dXottTa, Kg6vov ddxgvdv iisttv,. • 
aivitttap-at td fitj xa&agov, ftrjdi avfi(pvXov avtijg^ 
tavta ftiv ovv t^^sv tigria&a xoiv^v sxovta trjy 
iatoglav, 

XXXIIL 01 de awpattget tSv ttgimf, ov fi^ 
¥ov t6v NuXov^Oaigiv xaXovatv, ovdi Tvfptava t^v 
^dXaaaaVy dXXct^Oaegtv fiiv imXMg ^aaav trp^ v- 
^gonotbv o^x^^ ^^^ d^vafiiVy aitlav ytpiatoag xal 
anigfiato^ ovatav vofilSovttg* Tv<paiv« di nStv td 
f*vxi^^Qav xal nvgSidsg xal^gavttxdv oXtag xal no- 
Xifiiov tfj, vyg6trjti. dfd^ xat nv^^xV^^ ytyovivat . 
T$ adifiati/ xal ndgwxgov vofiBiovttg, ov ndvv ngo* 
&vfiwg ivtvyxdvovatv , ovM vidimg &fitXov(fi tol; 



DE ISIDE ET OSIRIDE. 3t 

foioitotg tJJK oipir av^g^tnoi^- tdv 9s '^Oai^tv «J 
ifiltp (itkmyx^'^ yfyovivttt fivdoloyoiwiv, oji nSv 
vdtiQ wtl yijv jcal Iftthta xal vi<pr] iJiiXaivft /ut/yu- 
fttvov, xal tSv vimv vyt^ttig ivovaa naQsxH twc* 
rqix^^ fcsiUx^va?. ^ di noUwjig olov wxgiaat$ vn6 
biqSTtitog imyivBfat xoiq naQavfidiovai. xal t6 
ftiv tag, ^aXigdv xal ydviftov littl nQogrivig' j6 6i 
(pdtvinoigov, vygdTriTog ivdii^, xat (pvrolg noXifiiov 
xal SAotg voaadtg. 6 de iv *Hiiovn6^t TQe<jp6fiSvog 
^ovg, Sr MvBvti^ naXotatv, (Oaigtdog di Uq6v, sviot 
ii xal Tov Zintdog najiga vofiiiovat) fiiXag iatl xal 
hvtigag $x^t ttfiag ftitd t6v^Antv. ht Ti}y AtyV" 
mov iv loig ftdXtata fttXdyystov ovaav, SgmQ Ta 
ftfXav tov iqi^aXfiov, Xtffiiav xaXovat " xal xag^ia 
naQStxaCovat, &tQfirj ydg iatt xai iygd xat tolg 
fotiotg fiBQiat t^g oixovfiivfig, wgntQ i) xagdia toT; 
iwavvfiotg toS^ dv^Qdmov, fidXtata iynixXstattit xal 
nQogxsx*»^^^^' 

XXXIV. "llXtov 6s «fti asXriviiv ovx SQftaan, 
illd nXoioig oxrifiaat xQf^f^ivovg nsQtnXsXv dst, aU 
ftttdftsvot tifv d(p vyQOV tQoq^^v avttav xal yivs» 
etv. otovtat di xal^Ofifigov, ugntg OaX^v fiadiv-^ 
ta netQ jSrywnioiv , %6mQ aQxrjv andvtav xal yivS" 
6IV t£^sa&€u» t6vy«Q^xsav6v^OaiQtvtlvttt, ir^v 
h Tti&vv ^latv, &g ttl^rjvovftivtiv ndvta xa\ avvsx' 
tQstpovaav. xal yaQ ''MlXrivtg tr/v tov aniQftttTog 
nQdtfftv, thtovaittv xaXovat , xal avvovatav ti}v fi£- 
hv xal t6v tttdy an6 tou vdarog xal tov iaat* 
koU t6v d^^vaov vriv, ug iftQtov ttig vy^g fphasiog, 



32 » PLVTARCHlr 

^ U^op }Ma ^ov .*0al^ip9^ ^ p^^ ^6« "O^tgiP 

ftf^dfis^Oi^ .x)vro> yd^ owoftu^v 9iattlt% %iik d«dr» 
t&dtttg wt& t^'<pbo8mg %ahjf^ tv^iawg^ • , ^ . 
' ^^XXXV. "Oti fiiy ovv 6 avtdg iat^ ^iwvau^ 
lha'(i«lkoif^ { ae, /«vwaxpifs ^ KXia, dtj •a^o^icm' 
I^Viv^jt^^r fih ovamv iv JfXfpaig t&v ^&^4d^, 
tbXg dr 'OatgiaxoTs xc^dwji(aj$iv9iP Uqotg an^ tfrtf- 

Qta naQtt&io&at, td jxkv ani^^ta uatd xf^^^ ^>"^ 
/fiy, fS ^' iu<pav&g d^a/ji '&dntovug' tdv^Amv^oi i6« 
^it^, Sray 9rer^atto/iiS(oaiy' ^Tt» ot^^sJmi^.to <y^/4a»</8b»i^ 
2<iiD?( oi}(^£y a;ToJ£i. xoti ^^tt^ VBfi^idttg.mtgafaidiii* 
intovttti, xori ^vgaovg ipoqovat, %al ^oaig x^ma^ 
taluiviiataw , mgmq ol xftTo;|roi rot^ 9i«^i t^v>,>^M' 
waov ogyiaafiotg, di6 xal tavgofio^a Jiovvbov 
notoxmv dynXfiara 9toUo2 tStv ^MXi^imv* al S* 'H^. 
XiUav ywainfg xoti nagaMxlovatv ivx^fimu^ ftodl 
Potie^ tdv ^dv il&HV nf6g aptttg,'*dgy8ioig di^ov^ 
ywrjg Mvvaog inUXriV' Jativ dvaHaXovvmt-:.6*^ 
aitdv' vn6 aaXnlyyw ^| IfJin^ //u/StuUMrresv^alp 
trjv afivaatv vtgva tbi nvXudxt»* ijsr^ dladlmyyag 
iv ^vqaoig aTKonffimtovaw , .^ Sutaqdt^g iv toi^ 
ittgVOaim tXqiintv. '6fUiljoyti.<^.'.witl td .titavM&t, 
xe^l vvi^tXtia tolg ktyopivoi^^ OaigUhf lUaamt^ 
apolgt ital tmgMpafitmtat ikx^ naktyftH^iaig* 6--: 
UoiHiig dlnal td ittgl tdg ta^nis* Alyhjttti^ t» ydp 
*t}aipt9o^ i(f6XXax^la ^ftagi 4aamQ tV^tjtat, dttxvv^ 
avtft, nal 'JtXq>ol td;'t^^-^tovb\mi'Mipava nag 



etiiotg nmf^td z^fiat^i^iov njioxHff^ttt rn^/fovmr 
xai &V0V91V «l "OoiOi ^vaiav imij^^fiiov iv r^ U" 
f^ tov lijfdXXwog, Sj«v «i -d^viudtg fyfi^nat fc» 
Jixvlrqv. ou S* pv fJtdvov %ov oXvov Mwaov, ^A- 
la xal-^adaiigvyQugipiatag^SXltjvte^yc&PTm nv^ov 
xffi dii^yw , i^xA RivboL^ ftuQTvg tlvm, My*^\ 
Jsvd^iav de v6$lov Jtdvvaog nolvya^ijg av^voi, 
uyvdv q>iyyo'g onuiQoig, di6 xal xolg tdv^Oaigiv at» 
§OfUvoig dnayoQtviJai divdQOv ^(msqov anoMra^, 
xal ntjy^v vdatog ifiq^Qi^miv» 

XXXyi. Ov .fidmv ds jov .NsiXov, «Xhx nup 
vyg^v uniMg^ OaiQiiiog •dnoQfo^v xaXovai* na] t&p 
U^&v^l nQonofinsvsiti ^vdQBiOv inl tif^ff tov^tov. 
tai ^^(g fiaaiXia xal jo vdiiov xXifia tov 9i6afioV> 
yQdqfOvm, xal fi^sQfir^rf^nat to S^giov noiiafiog:' 
xal MjwriOtg ^Avroiv, ^tu doxtt ,^fihirjriJm ftOQifa r^y 
<pvatv iotxivai, Tt]v ds iwv JTafivXibiv io^i^iiyov^' 
xtg, (^&g^tg cijpi}«0M) qaXXsxiiv ovaav^ 'SyotXfKH nQO"' 
tl&$vtai xal ns4fiq>iQovaiv , ai; to ai$o7ov TQinXd^ 
Ot6v iatsv. ^doxi^ yaQ 6 d^sbg-, aQxV ^^ Ttaaa i^ yo- 
viftf^ n^fiXaniaatiiith to il aviiig. to ds noXXdxig' 
im&mpw xo» tQtg Xiyuv, mg to jQiafidxaQsg, xal 

^wfnA fthf tqjug i6a9o^ ^7nlQov$g. 
u fi^ vti Jia nv.^«g ^fiSjpoi^ttfi to tQinXdatof V7t4 
uhf naXaim' ^ ydiQ iygd qnvatg, aQx^ xql yivnHg 
waoi ndiPtm^4i •d^g, td n^ta tgia adffiata,,y^i 
iiQat f<^ ^H^ inoi^. xal ydf o nQOtgt$^^f$>o^, 
t^f^&f^ hkyBg^ mg <|<»& 'Oa#f*do; 4 Twpitv t6 aU 
^^tMi^y^-^^tm.mtaftm^ ^ d' ^latg ovjrevft^, 
Plvt.Mok.III. C 



^4 jrf!Wr1l/5T?Aa€^Hl im 

4^^ j4#W«^ ^f«^ ^9fiit^ w^ M^PMSVdllSCkMt, 

•^^QunQqkov^0X^9^v%iiv T^y uyg&tifrdjimA^M^y^^ 

moXifiiov, Tratda &ifievo£, /iUwoov x^^^^tvatm 
%a\ lovtov di Tou l6yovi6.fAV^Sidi^i4Ftuf^7todBi'' 
%en.i^ mgl, qiiatv uifi^eiti$. ^nt^ywK^ ^^ix^fiiv 
yaQ^J^yvnnot t^.nvsvfiaxaiomiv,: ^ m>j^^ro9^fi& 
wv;(f*riQ6v ludnVQSdtg.' xovio M f}hepfiiv vvi^ki, 
nffdg.di ^ovsxHJivd o^yyiveiinv. fi^.MrifQ6tiig 
tf^wifjovaaj^v vnB^olriv tij^ ^tig6inj^tvfin^(i^l 
qmvvoy xdg dva&vnidottg^ tap^ wV Tdyifvviptt.Y^'^ 
rpnai xal ji&riltK h >v. 

XXXVIL "'JSt* u j6i^ Hitt6vlEliaivifft9 im&ti^^ 
goifo* - T^ Jiov pata,.xixl: nug Alyvntiotg. idyirm x^ 
v6oiQig oyofio^^o^eii, ofjfiaiiovtog9ov^iM6puM904}^^ 
'«9>a(rfti ^vtov 'Ooig^dog, ^AQitndtv ridiitmt ^yiy]^ 
> (j^«tg ^AOfiPaUav. aHosHiaV imatoX^ rtvb.j&Bii(fxo1> 
niQUntaev,iv 7i^Aibg.tato(ftltat.iii3» ''lastidii. iamg: t»p 
*6iJt6vvaog vjtb.^yvntidiv, ojy "Odit^^ «tl&tfrkj^i 
"Hfaiprjgy ^iv t^ ai^a yQdfifmti^ Hymi&at, dvj^ibv^g 
T^ dvdQBvov T0& 6v6fiatog> Iftippdvst ^rrrdveOt j^* d : 
^EQftahg, iv ^finQdif^ n^ tQv Aiyvntimn •ftfiifa 
ftov^ydq^fiai u9^$Qftp^9v6fi^0v ahatsov^Om^t»^ 
i6iMMvaaiQa^iB§^Snd^y7tfoistt^6^vtit6» Jf6$w 



D£ I9im* ET^ OSfttlDE. *» 

i,n i^isiiov^Wjr^iNX' awsqxopdvoio lidvtL " . 

^ ^fjfiK «i^awi )Mrl yo/f r^^ miaetv, aiV i^g 1 

%^ih^^V90tHfi&g YM^fi^ yfVf&ai t6v Sl^ov: tan ^ 
'i2|iO(i^^flrtf!m o>titiSpit/o0( x«» T^eiqpova» rolf nmixov^ 
x^iS^0^.mul 9^tia*g oi^o^ & iv ro7g ^fOi to^ ^^* 
^t ^o&roi^ uno uit}tovg jQOKf^vai Uyovatv. ^ffi^ 
vitpttmi^Jitu d^figo^g pj fidXtatm t^ a^vvvov" 
(f9li Hftl^^itldiaag.T^v $)^^ri^m nm thv aixpov «mA 
^l|Qi(ai«u« t*^f^%»t. Mf^lhfr di xttXtxvat t^ J>^c 
T« |!i^iiaiiMti ^«^Mt ml iff^iforta tijg &aldrt7}g^ 
M^il^_^t^vt4d$if!<4i€0W>fidi&vat'tijv Nf<p&w, Ttal 
'ESqilim*idjtV90tM^tf^i/AvcHv. St«v Js vnt^pMi^ 

flrjwaEiiwym^ ^^S^ pOt^ ' 0^'|^ii9o^'n^ iV6V^^^-' 
l9vattf,mn6-tSaf df^^mtw4ftie»ipviviv iUyxtfiis»^ 

C 2 



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Ttfv y6Piiv$-tti axtlQav, dds tolto /i^ iti^l^yt^^ft*^^ 
9c6g, SXkti mgl ttjg ^€0V Xiyovaiv, txivliTdifra't^ir6 
nvtvTfiXsg tSjg yijg ayovov xal akaQnov hn6 aitg^6» 
tVw. ' r ..■■- ,^< 

* XXXIX. *!«f 9b TwpSiVog fmSovlii xa»Tv^e»l^'- 
iXg, avxfiov dvvafti^ tjv iTtmgattlaavtdg, 'xdl'Bt"aq>(j* 
iQTiaavtag tV}v ts ysvvCkfHV ^ygdtrjta tdv NitXb^HAl 
aifSovaav. ^ dk avvsgydg «iJriM) jivdiXlg At&ii^bs^ 
alvlttsia^ nvoag votlovg 4^ Ah&ioidag'' 'Stiiiif^y^^ 
itifiat'i&v hfiauav imxgatfiamb td vifp^i^^ i'^v 
Jl&tortiav iXavvevrav, xal uMami i&t^ kif^Tf^- 
Xpv aviovtag ^nfigoHg xara^^ay^ah iiti\i)(bp lf ti^ 
(ptijv im(pXiyst , xal t6ts xgaf^aag nhivfobitxcti^i:!^ 
NsiXov sig ivavtiov tn6 aa&svsioeg airamXivtii^^ 
i§vivta, xotXov x&l tansivdv iSiiaasf «% VijrWsrAertF- 
aav. ^ ytig Xsyofiivfi xd&stg^g stg itij^^gi^*^^)A- 
' Qidog, o£9ip toixsv dX^ ^ xgh^tv ^aro^ ^\^^* 
PiafAOv aivlttsa&ai. di6 fitivog ii&vg tc(pikny^lfpii 
iov"* Oatgw Xiyovaiv , otB "tiSv -ttfjdlbfv^&lkij^^ 
tmv navtanaatv 6 fisv N^tXoc'v7t6foa^^\ '^^fvfi^btf" 
tai de ^ >»^a * fiiptvvofdvfjgdi i^g h^^t&^, airSitii 
ii axiibg' ^ Hfs toC (pojtog ftngcttvHat^kalitgv^^st» 
tatdifvafitg, d isgi^gaXXa n d^oitti Cfxv^gimiolj^^wilil 
Sdlov ^tdjcgvaovlfttjirti^psXai^t pvdiivia^egtlfdiio^ 
tig,inl ndv^U t^g ^so^idstitpibvai (/Mi^^iig^Otit* 
'gtd^ sikdvid kdii yiiv poftif^V(itv)iftl ifia\fapag ^'fii^ 



DE i^fp?: ^pr P5OTDE. 37 

Tf^vfr^^T^pv df ^ T^v r^fiigav JkdTTQPa ^ivia^a^ 
T^.^^^JHH 47JtV^txquf u.iSff rv^ ei70^vfiymigS(ia 
T/; iSv q>vjuv yfMtijT* f^vtxavTu ipvXXoQgooivjpiiy^, 

Q^i, .ftfH W ^dv ni.aj.ifv ol OJ^UaTal h^I ptUgtU 
^99^^^* ZH^VPQH^ ' i^JPg ^X<^vaav . nifimMV , cig o 
if^jJ^i^^:Xa0rtfgvSeiJQg iyxiovah^a} %iysjai%^3j'^ 
j(^jij^ff^aQ6^^v, ug-Bv^fjfiivev jov 'OoFt^tio?. (Jxa 
j(^^ Xfi(pt^j^ov ^VgSiai' t^ vdati, xal avf/fii^avt^ 
t^fl^ffifjlkft ital %^vui.(kfiaji4 t^v tioIvjOmv, dvanidj- 

'fPf^hl^fi^f^}^^^''^^^^^^^?^' ^^^ ''ovjo ajqXiSovM 
ff^ ^/^ovaix,, ifiLfpaiyoyjfg,.oji ytjg ovaiav 9^al v^' 
jlf^Qf^ -pov^/^soig Jovjovg vofiiiova^^ - ^ 

^ Xli. ^ii$ ^' ^latiog ndXiv dvaXafA^vovarig jpv 
"QwQif^f , ^ai.i^iavovaijg jdv Jlqov, dva&vfiidqtdfi 
i{^hp^lfy^c^g.ifal fiqisai Qfovvvfiivov, iitQajri&tj fisv, 
,9W^0HW^^^ .5^ o Tvqidifv, ov ydg iXaaiV ^ %VQipi 
xjf^^$l<^^l^^ ^va^i^rivm Tuxvjdnaav Jrp> dvJiHt^ 
f^^filHiW ^i^Q^lVJ^ 9^0^^ y* «^^' fxdXaae ml dv^xf, 
^Qy^i^v^Jltafiiv^iV^j^v xgaaivy ov ydg rjv u^afi^y 
«vyiff T^Ui^v^.^iiUi^EfQiTfJogiial dq>avta&ivjo9 tovjiv- 
^w^f^iJ^ ,^i,^i Jayi^ ^ij Uy^J^tnotg avjqigdnfp^ 
^JTjf^,^ijHsiv(^ ^i^^.vg difOQgitf^is j6vJ,o^(^} 
i^-{F^^^lK^^^^^ Oafgtdog f*o.^a^' 

^^ja^^^fijr^P ^fn ^yvmH^ jhihTioXXd fj^ iv ^ol^ 



ji;B,i^^^iir^^ Tmattk ^s Ttiiyat kdl <f>^iwtht yMy^etl' 
^iv&V^a^X^ytt9v,&kfxvg6v vl^ imt» Vrix$'6i^^;^di/- 
of^; '% >&p f/ndXeijjiiAa t^g ^dXai ^alAaariQ twXW 
ii^ii&ol vvi^\}^vi^'6g!, o M^JflQag j(^6vi^ toC T*i&f 
^^^i^ imxjf&ftid€^ tovtiOTtkt i^xatglag ^fif(^\i 
^^tVdft&^, 6 ffHkag ify^ag triv ^dJlMaaav, djfiipffiB 
"t^MtiShv ml dykiiXTigwat iaig ngogx^^atv^ SSt^' 

riJty ^mipiqovn t$ noretfi^ viav iXi^v wil nqoiajf^-^ 
yiJrtt f jjv y^y, wata ^ix^^v vnoicfaqotv onl^fa 'ii 
itBiayag, Ttdl tijv ddXaaaav, vijfog t«3y ""iv ' (id&u 
liKpfiti(v6vniv 9id zfig nQogx6^aitg,dno^§ibvaav^j^ 
A? ^^y, Tlv^OiPrigog '^dst dQdftof fi}di^ag*Sjl^iJljb^^' 
^av AlyvTtxov, vvv fiigog ovaav avt^g, bvk affi^^ 
dvd8gafio%aavi o^vdk nqogavapaaav,dXXd i^g^ita» 
^v ^itXdtTf^gdvanXdttpvu t^notafi^j iidt't^i^6i^ti* 
i^ tfmtgoV ' dpatftdXdarig. nXkd taifta fiir ofioia' 
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w ^dv„JM» a^^^tiJW|K tiov ixdgofjial 

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xmif€a^vvfiat9vov pt$lliiiktafitttS6fitvov, ipQd^fi Htik 
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i^f Jtdi.xul.t&Vi fkiv r^fUgaiv-ii&iaviaTwyvifwvatv' 



48 PLVTARGHl 

mvT^ td afiot&iatpttovi . wpv^* %iav 9* -iy^v rcr 
&fjQUodiaJata , HQoxodttlQV Jdxi tiv Ttotdfiiov «jt-- 
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taQ&ttm, dio xot ^tovttg ifidirfiff tov Tv^ fn^ 
rog, ^v xaXo^uaiv a^i^iv "Jaidog in ^^vixrig^ ^jn^ 
nXdttovat tolg novidvoig innov no^fiiQV ^fiSc^s- 
yov. iv d* *A7i6lX(avog 7t6Xsi vsvofuafiivof iat* xqo^ 
podsiXov qtayuv ndvtng ixaatov vifiiiff di fnf&^^ 
fsvaavttg, oaovg av divavtat, xal xtsivavtsg mtuv^ 
fwqv tot isQOv TigopdXXovat , xal Xiyovaiv, ^ 6 
Tvip^v t6v SLqojf uTii^Qa xQox^HsiXog ytv6fierog, 
ndvta xai iw» xal q>VTd xa» nd&ij tn q^avXa xal 
fiXaPsfdt TvipoivQg fgya xo^ fiiQfj nai j(ij^.uoTa9ro<* 

. qVfiSVOl, 

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toixe t$ ftsv vmxT^ Td «^ttTO^ tivtov , t^ di pt^aw^ 
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vifjt yaQ oiptmg vnsQfidXXsh xal mn^sc^g oiifTtitt, xal 
dioixtlv avtdv iXaxUstri tff ^o^j niipvw, ^ysras. 
d$ nal vsHQ&v dtdtp^v Sufi^at y%v Imgnndfitrog 



DE ISIDE' «t ^ OSIKIDE. ^ 

it«¥aU(^ai;" «6 vtn(f^ Ytmitriy 6$&iv* mtifv ^f^nUm 

fAg^^n^oxdSeilay, av yd^ ixQjTtta&p, fiiviv t6 
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tWf &VX ^Uov ^mov t^yov , dXld xoiv iv.y^ ttkl 
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ttg OQX^ TtlfififiiXrioaaa xaTaapiaji rdg dva&vfiidoBtg^ 
lM.r^y'di tclg iegoig v^votg tov ^Oatqidog 
mvmiitmhoijvtm-ToV i» Ttelg ayudXw/g xgvnT6ftnv6v 
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PLYT.MoR.Iir, D 



50 PLVTARCHl 

' vop xalt^^oni ivdiSi, nX^vdfiBvov k«1 nldftov atp 
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u^tvdg hntdKtg Tre^i t^v vai^v mQKfiigovat* xal 
iudHttu ir^tfimg 'Ovigidog ^ niQidQOfArf tou ^X/ot/, 
t6 vd(Of xjstfiwvog. r^ff ^«o& no&ovarjg' tocavrd" 

* «1$ dt m^lnatv,. ou trjv dno tQonuiv ;(fff^^iyc5y 
inl tgotJidg. &SQtvmg. ytdgodov k/Sd^m fiiivl avfin^" 
Qulifti. Xiystai di xal &vaat t^ rjXita tetgddt fiijvdg 
latafuvov ndvtiav ngwjo^ Slgog o.^Iaidog., w? iy 
toXg imygaifOfiivotg ytve&lloigj '^qov yiygantai» 
tcal fi^y fiftigag^kMdatiig.tQix^g ini&vfitwat t^.^Xi^o, 
^ttvfjv fUv vn^ tdg dvatoXdg , ofxif^vav di fMsaov- 
gavovvtt,. t6' di xaXoitfiivov xvfpt.mg* dvafidg^ Stv 
txaajov^ ov>s](et. Xdyov, . vatfgov d(priy^aofAat. tdv 

' ds rjlXtov^nSai^tovjotg.Ttgotgima&atxal&iganiifuv 
eXovtati. xal ti dsX noXXd toiavta awdyptvf: slo» 
ydg oi^t^v^^atgtv avttxgvg: ^hov tivat xal^ovofid- 
ita&ai atlgtov v(p, ^EXXriva^ Xiyovttg,, tl xal nag* 
Alyvmlotg ^ngd&sgigtovag&gov tovvofiaTunoiri^ 
XBv dfKpkyyoHo&atr ti}v ^^ i^ty ovj^ Itigav tijg oc- 
Xrivri^:WJio(paivoytEg, xdltbiv dyaXfidt(a» aiiij^ td 
uiv xfgaa(p(Sga tov firiyoudovg ysyovivat fufir^a- 

' ta , tciig. di fuXikvoatdXoig ifi(paivBa&at tdg xgv^pftg 
mx* tovg mgtaxtaafiovg , iv oig dKbxu no&ovoa tov 
r\Xiov. d<6 xal ngd^ td igmtxd trfv atXriih]v intxaXotiv^ 
T«i, xatT^v^atv £vdo^6g (priai^gapsvitv td igtottxd. 
xjui tovioi^fiivdfi(aayin(ogtov'. ni&avov. fiittatt * t&v 
dt Tv(pMva noiovvt(Bvt6v rjXtov^.owf dxoiittva^tov' 
dX£. ntiiig, av&ig. tdy, olxuw dvaXdfltafUv X6yov. 



J)E ISIDE ET OSIRIDE. 51 

Lin. ^U yvQ Xdis ^au idv x6 ^iqq q>vamg 
^Xv, xal dtXTiKOV anmrig ysyias(ag, xa^i ti- 
^i^yj} xal navdfxrig vno tov UXdiaivog , vno 
da twv TtoXXwv fiVQKovvfAog xixXriTai , did rd 
naaag vno tov Xoyov Tgsnofiivti fiogq>dg dixs- 
a&ai xalidiag.- e^st di ai^fiqiVTov bgma lov 
nQUiTov xal xvgimdzov ndvtaiv, o ruya&^ Tav- 
rdy iati,. xaxuvo no&il xal dtdtxH* Tijy tf 
iK Tou xaxov, g>!Evyfi' xal diin&stTai (JviQav, dfi^ 
fpoiv fiiv oviaa %faga Ttal vXri,. ^inovaa S* del ngbg 
To fiiXuov i^ taVTrjg^ xal nagixovaa ysvv^v ixu' 
Yf^xal xaraanHgsiv Btg kavTtjv unoggolagxal 6fioi6'-' 
jfiTag, . aig xo^tgn xal yiy^d^B xviaxoftivij xal vnontti* 
nXafAevfi tSv yjBviamv* sixoiv ydg ioTiv ovaiag iv 
vXfi ij yivsaig^ xal fiijjiriptu tov ovTog t6 ytv6fitvov» 

Ll V. "O&iv ovx ano Tg6nov fjtv&oXoyovat tjjv 
*Oaigtdog yfvxrjv aidtov tlvai xal aqtS^agTOV, %6 di 
awfJM noXXdxtg.dtaantfV xal dq)avi^$tvT6v TvqiMva' 
Trjy ^ tatv nXavfaftivT^' xal ^v^Titv xal avvagft^T^ 
TSiv ndXtv, Toydg ov xatvotiT^v xal dya&6v, qd-o^ 
gag xal fina^oXijg xguTT6v iaTiv ' ag ^ dn avTott 
%6 ala&ijT6v xal ao}fiaTtx6viix6vag ixfidmTat, xok 
X6yovg, xal ddri xal 6fiOt6TtjTag dvaXafJt§dvH, x«- 
Bdmg iv xrigf^ aqgayldsgovx dsl diafjtivovaiv, dXXd 
MataXaftj3dvH TO-aTcxxToy avTa^ xal TagaxSidfg iv- 
tav&a TTig ava» x^goti dmXriXafjtivov xal fjtax^fievov 
ng6g r6v Slgoi^, ov { latg Hx6va tov yoi^Tov xc^a* 
fiov aia&riT6v ovTa ytvv^» 616 xa\ dixrjv qsvyftv ili- 
ynat vo&eiag vn6 Tvqtphog, ag ovx wy xadag6gg 

t) 2 



52 TLVTARCHl 

ov3iJ HXM^tvrig, olog 6 natrJQ JiJiyog vvidg yte^ 
iaVT6v dfiiyrjg ml dnad^ri^, dXlSi vsvo&tvfiivog tfj 
vXij did td awfiarixdv, mgiylvsTai ds nal vixftf rov 
*£gfiOTJ, Tovtifnt tou Idyov, (laQtVQOVVTogxal dfi^ 
uviovTog, OT* TTQdg td voijtdv fi (pi>aig fiftaaxrjfiaTt* 
^ofiivri T^v ndafiov dno8i5(aatv. ri fiiv ydg, Ir* twj» 
&SWV iv yaaTgl Tijg *Ptjig ovtmv, i^^Iaidog nal *0- 
aigidog yivofiivri yivtaig l^TidkXavog alviTTtTai t6 
Ttglv ixqxov^ yevia&ai t6vde t6v n6afiov, koi avvtt-- 
ItadT^vai Tw loyta T^y vXrjv, q>vatt iXsyxofiivrjv i<p 
avtrig dTiX^, tjJv nQmrjv yivtatv ikiveyxsiv. di6 
xai (paat t6v &i6v ixeXvov dvdnrigov vn6 axdrt^ 
yeviadatj xal nQEajSlTegov Hqov xaXo^atv. ov ydq 
7\v x6afiog, dX)! i%6(aX6v t« xal x6auov (pdvtaafjta 
fiiXXovtog. 

LV. *0 ds JlQog ovrog, avT6g iativ wQiafjtivoug 
xa« tiXeiog, ovx dvriQrixwg t6v Tv(fSiva navtdnoL^ 
eiv , dXXd t6 SQaatriQtov xal iaxvgov aviov naQp^ 
Qf}f*ivog. o&ev iv KonT& t5 dyaXfia tov^JIqov il©- 
fovaiv iv tij itiQ^f x^^Q^ Tvg>uivog aidota xaTixetv • 
xal t6v ^EQfitjv fiv&oXoyovatv , i^eXSvTa tov IVqpw- 
yoff td vevga, ^o^^aTf j^^ijaaa^ai, di6daxovTeg, wg 
vd nav 6 X6yog diaQfioaduevog , av^(p(avov eS 
davfi(pdtv(av fxeQtav inoirjas , xal tijv (p&UQTt-- 
nrjv ovK dndtXeasv , «U' drmXriQ(aae , dvvafiiv. 
S&ev ixsivTf fiiv da&evrjg xal ddgavrjg ivTaV" 
&a, (pvQOfiivf} xat nQoanXexofiivri tolg na&ijti" 
xo7$ xa\ fihtaPoXixolg fiiXsai, aetafiwv fisv iv yfj xal 
tQ^jmv, avxfiuv de iv dsQt, xal nvsvfidTtov di6n(ar. 



DE ISIDE KT OSIRIDB. 53 

av&tg di nqr^jriQav xat xs^avvav Sri/^ioVQy6g ioTi, 
gtagfidnn di xal Xoifiotg vdara Tcal nvivfiaia, xai 
udxQ^ osXr^Vfjg avaTgix^i xal avaxfxntiEt, awixovaa 
xal ueXalvovoa noXXdxig t6 Xafingdv, &g JiyvTntot 
voftiZovoi, Ha\ Xiyovoiv, Sii Tovlflgovvvvjiiv indf 
la^e, viv d* i^eXdtv xaximsv 6 Tvipwv t6v otp&aX- 
fidv, tiTa T^ r^iiicp ndXiv anidaxs' nXriyrjv fiiv aU 
ymofMVOh, irflf xaTa ft^va fiiUoaiv jijg aiXi)vrig, 
n^utotv de t^v txXtiyjiv, rjv 6 riXiog laTat diaq>v^ 
jioiorj J^v axittv TJjf yrig tuO-i/g avTiXdfjin<av, 

LVI. *U de xQtlTTdv xal •dtioTiga (fvoig ix 
TQi&v ioTt, Tov vorijov xal Ttjg vXrig ital toD ix 
tovnav, ov xdafiov "HXXrjvtg ovofidiovaiv. 6 ftev 
ovv JjXdftoiv, t6 fiiv vorjT^v, xal ISiav xal naQd-^ 
dttyfta xal najiqa, ti}v dh vXi^v, xal fjtriTiga xal t<- 
^r^v^v, tdgav ts xal XP^Qav ytviatag, t6 di iS aft^ 
q>oiv, tyyovov xai yivtatv ovoftd^ttv tlmOtv, aU 
yvnxiovg ^ &v rtg tixdatit jav jQtyajvorv j6 xdX^ 
XtOTOV, fidXioja JOVJM jr^v jov navj6g qitvatv ofiot' 
ovvjag , (ff xa} IJXdToav iv jfj noXtjtia doxtl toutq) 
nQoaxtxQija&ai, j6 yafxriXiov HidyjQaftfiaowjdTTOiv, 
%Xtt S ixtivo j6 jQiyoivov, jqiZv jr^v nq6g og&iav, 
nal JtjjdQOv jrjv fidatv, xat nivje j^v vnojtivov- 
aav taov JaTg ntQttxovaaig dvvaftivriv. eixaojiov 
ovv T^y ftev ng^g og&dg agQevty Tr)y de /Sdatv ^ij- 
Itia, j^v de vnojtivovaav dfKpo^iv iyy6v(^' xal j6v 
jiiv ^OatQtv &g aQx^v, j^v de ^latv &g vnodoxrjv, 
%6v de JIqov wg dnojiXeafiU, jdftiv yt^Q jgia, ngot- 
TogmQtaa6g iojt xal jiXetog* jvt dejijjaQ»,jeTQdr 



54 PLVTARCHI 

fwog tfrro nXtvgSg dgttov iijg dvddag*r^^9ii9T9, 
nr} fiiv T^ TiaTgl, nij di jfj (iriTgl ngoaiointv, in 
TQiddog uvyxiifiivci xt» 9vdSog, ^al rd ndrta rth 
nivTS yiyovt naq&vvua, ml t6 Sfi&fti^iTtt&^at 
nefjiTdaaad-db JJyovaiv, noisKia mqdyojvorri mr" 
tdg dcp iavvig, ^aov tSjv ygofwdTViV nag Alyv^ 
nTloig t6 nXij^^g ian, xo» oaov ivum&v sjij XQ^vor 
6 ^Amg. Tov /liv ovv^JIqov fiit^aaiv •Kdlfitv ngo^ 
ayoQsisiv, ontg ioTlv OQWfi%vov. alad^TOV yd^ xti 
dgaTov 6 xdofiog, ij d* laig eariv otc ««* Mov& 
xal ndXiv^A&VQtxat Mt&iifQ nQogayoQihstai, Off^ 
fialvoyai ds t^ fxhv nQWTta tSv ovofidtfav, fifitiQoi* 
TM de devtiQoi, olxov ^Jlgov xdafitov, {Ag xo» SXtk^ 
Tcav X^Q^^ yeviamg xal dtl^afiivfiv) t6 di ^qItov 
avv&etSv iaTtv ex ts toU nX^QOVg xdl tov mtiov, 
nXrigrig ydg ioTiv ^ ijXfj tov xdafiov, xttl t^ dya^ 
&^ xal xa&OQM xal xexoafifjfjtivay alveauv, 

LVIL Jd^He S* av Taiog xaVHdlodog, rd ngS^ 
t« ndvTtt zdogxal yrjv xal tdQTagov xal eQbna no^ 
biVf ovx kTigag XafjtjidvetV dgxdg, dXXdTavrdg, et 
ye 5i} TMV oVofidttav Ttj fAev^^Iatdi Td i^g yrjg, ta ^* 
*Oaigidt 70 toD egtoTog, tS ds Tv^mt to toO Tcr^ 
Tdgov fieTaXttfi^dvovTeg, dnodldofav 'Td ydg xdo^ 
doxel x^Qotv Ttvd xal T6nov toO ftavtog (>noTt&e^ 
a&ai» ngoaxaXeiTai di xal tov HXdtwvog dfimyi^ 
ntag td ngdy fittTa fitf&ov, ov SantgdTrjg iv avfino* 
al(a negl Tijg tov egG)Tog yeviaicsg dirjXde, t^v ne» 
viav Uymv Tixvmv dtofjtivrjv t^ ndgm xa&evdovri 
nagaxXtdrjvtti , xdl xvdaaaav i^ avtov rtxeXv top 



DE I51DE ET OSIKlDi:. 55 

t^ara, q^lati ijuxtiy orta ital nttrfo9dn6iff Sts di^ 
siaz^g fAsv dyadoif nal aoqfov nai naatw avTdg- 
xqvsy fifiTQig Ht -^fuixapov xal dis^Qov, xal di IV- 
duai^dil./hXQfii^S tti^v, xal nt^ ttt^av lina* 
govatig, yiytyrtifiirov, d ytxQ n^^og ov^mQ^g iaity, 
tov nQi»TOv igaoTOV xal iq>sTOv xal ttUlov xal 
avrdQxovg, nvplav di %riv ^ijy nqogiimv, Mm 
fASv ovaav avtTiv xa^ iavr^v ^ov dya&oZ, nlti^ 
govfiivriv ds vn avtov, xal nodovaav dsl xai fi^ 
xatafiPdvovaav, 6 di.yivSfitvog ix, TOVTiwy x6aftog 
xal Jlgog, ovx dtliiQg, ovS' dna&^g, avd^ a^^&aQr 
Tog^ 'dX)i dtiysv^ &v, fttixavatai Toig t&v na&&v 
fUTafiokalg xal ns^iddotg dsl viog xal fifidinotf 
ifi&aQTiadfisvog dtafiivsiv* 

£VIIL XQTiaTiov de Tolgfiv&otg, ov/ v^ Xo^ 
yotg ndfinav ovaiVf ^Xd ird nQ6aq>ogov kxdoTOV 
t6 uard Tj)y< j/ioidii/Ta Xafifldvortag, otav ovv C- 
Iqy Xfymfiev, ov dsi ngog ivUiv (fitXoa6<pt»v d6Sag 
dnoipsgofiivovg aipvx6v ti aSijiaxal Snotov'dq/6x 
TS xal SngaxTov iS ^avrou diavotia&ai, «al yoQ 
tXatov vXfiv ftvQov xaXovfASv, jiffi/aoy dydXfiaTog, 
ov* ovTa ndaiig E^jtMx notdrriTog * • avT^v ts t^v 
iftvxny xal Trjv dtdvotav tov dv&Qomov, 6g vXfi^ 
iniOTiifii^g xal 'dQSTijg t$ X6yfff xoafuiv Ttal QV&fil» 
^tv nagixofisv, tov ts vovv svtot Tonov siS&v dns» 
ippvavTO, xal t&v vofftQv olov ixfiaysiov, svtos dt 
tial t6 oJtiQfia T^g yvvatxog, ov 6vvafuv, ovl^ d^ 
K^v , vXrjv ds xal T^oipijy ysviattag tlvat do^d^ovatv* 
'ov fX4)fiiyovg X9^ ^ ^^•' ^*^** TavTtjv ovToa^dta^ 



56 PLVTAHCHI 

votla^&cu to% ngmov {f^eov fisinl^yx^vovaav ail 
nal uvvovauy IjpoiTi Toiy ni^l ixHvov- dyad&v xal 
ualwv , ovx vmvavrlav * dX£ Mjvifg avdga v6imi^ 
I/Lov nal ^i%aiov iq^v iv liiMaioalvii , nal yvvatxa 
X^fiof^v ix^vifav avdga xal- avvovaav, ofnag no- 
^iiv ki/ofisv ovTfog dtl /XixofAivfjv ixslvov, xal 
nsgl ixiivov nagovaav xal dvamfinXafAivfjv rotg 
nvfundioig fii^eaiv xal xa^aQmdroig! 

LIX. "Onov-^i 6 Tv(pdiv TWQtfinbnH Jiov iaxd" 
TOiv anxdfisvog, iviav^a doxovaav imaxvd-gfona^ * 
{leiv nal mv&uv Uyofiiviffv, xat ktitfHxva «tta Ttal 
anoQdyfAata toi) *Oaigidog dvaSr}Ttiv xa* aroXiitir, 
vnodtxofiivfiv xd fpd-etgdfiBV» xai dnoxQvntovaai^, 
&jmQ dva(paivti ndXiv xd yivdfiBva, xal' dvlfiaiv 
iS kavt^g* ol fdv ydg iv ovgavw xftt aatqoig X6yqi 
nal itdrf Ttal dnoQ^oal tov ^eov fiivovai, td ds tolg 
na-^uxoig diianaQfiiva , yjf xal ^aXdxtji xal tpv- 
toig xal &90ig, dtaXsy6fisva xal g>&£iQ6fjifva xa* 
&ant6fitva, noXXdxig av^ig ixXdfinsi xal dvatpal^ 
MTOt Ttug ysviasai, did xdv Tvq>iiva rjj Ni<p&Vi 
awoixiiv (pr^lv 6fAV&og, rdv de "Oaigiv xgiripa 
evyysvia^ai. td ydq saxatot^ fiiqff t^g vXf^gf a ]}fi(p- 
&VV xal TsXsvt^v xaXovaiv , ff (p^agtix^ fiaXcata 
naxixsi dvvafitg, 4 ^^ y6vifiog xal amriqtog.via&t'' 
vig anigfia xal dfiavQ6.vsig tavt adiadid^aaiv, dnoX- 
hlifABVov vno tov Tv(pSiVog, nX^v oaov f\ laig vno- 
Xafipdvovaa, aibisi xul tqi^psi xal- avviattjai, 

LX. K(x^6Xov ^ dfisipoiv ovt6s iativ, &snsQ 
xal UXdxmv vnovest xal l^QiatotiX^g, Jtirttreu di 



DE ISIDE ET OSmiDE. 57 

tijg q>vasiag %o fiev y6vifioy Kot amriqtov in avtov, 
xttlngog j6 tlvai, 16 l^ avatqmnov Ttal ^&aqtixdv, 
vii avtov, itai n^og 06 (iri ilvai, di6 td fASv laiv 
xaXovat, nagd td tsa&ai fist imatrifjirjg xal q>iQ6^_ 
adttt,. xivfiaiv ovaav tfnpvxov xal (p^dvifiov. ov 
yuq iati tovvofia /?ap/?a^tx6v, aU' &amq to^tg 
^soigneeaiv dnd 8vuv ygafifidtcav tov d^satov xal 
TOif '&iovtog iativ ovofia xetvdv, ovto) tijv -^sdy 
talxriv dn6 t?^ iniartifivjg afAU xa* tijg xiv^astag, 
^latv fisv^fjuig,^Iaiv tf Alyvntiot naXovaiv, oi^tat di 
xal Ilhitm tprial tr^v oalav SriXovv tevg naXatovg, 
^Bsiav naXovvtag* ovt&i xaitrjv vdrjatv jtaltriv <pg6^ 
VTiaiv, ag vovtpogdv nalxlvfiatv ovaav, Ufjtivov xori 
g>SQOfiivov, xal t6 avvtiVai nal tdyadov eXtag, xal 
dqsTTiv inl tolg ^iovat jtal &iovat •Oia^f xa&a- 
TftQ av ndXiv tolg dvttqxavovaiv ovofiaat Xatdoqsl" 
a-&a& t6 *€tH6v t6 trjv q)taiv ifinoM^ov xatavvdiov 
Ttal toxov xal xtaXvov tsa^at xal tivat xaxiixv, dno' 
giop, detXioiv, dviav Ttqoaayoqsvdvttav. . 

LXi; '0 ^Oatqtg ix tov oaiov xai Uqov tovvo- 
tui fitfAiyfjtivov saxrixs' xotpog ydqiatttmv iv ovga- 
vm iiat twv iv ^dov Xdyog * tav td fisv Uqd^, td di 
oista totg naXatotg ^v nqoaayoqsbstv. 6 d^ dvatpai" 
rttv td ovqdvta xat twv avta ffsqofiivtav "Avov/St^ 
X6yogj Xatt 6s, ots xal 'Eqfxdvov^ig ovofidS^tat, to 
ftsv, ofg tdig avta, t6 ds, atg toJg xdtta nqoarjxov. 
di6 xal &vovatv aurw tav ftsv Xsvxov dXsxtqv6va, 
t6v ds xqoxiav, td ftsv stXtxqtv^ xat qjavd, td di 
§ja%td wdlnoiKiXa vofjtiiovtsg, ov dst di &avftdist> 



58 PLVTARCHI 

t&v ovoiAdxm fi}y hU '^o '^Uijnx^y ivdjfXtiaKif, 
KOi yaf^ SlIXcl nvqlct joXg ffB&iaiaiJiivotg in t^$ *£l« 
Idbog avyexma6vTUy pixQ^ ^^^ naqmfUvu Tial ^eri'- 
Ttvei 91:«^' kTiqoig, m eyta j^v notriTtH^v avaiw 
kovfdpfiv diafldXXovaiv ^g (iaQpaqiiovaav ol ylM%» 
tag TaTotavxa nqoaayQgtvovTsg, iv di Taig^£g/M%t 
Xsyofiimig filfiXotg mogoSiat ^yeyqAsp&at mql tQv 
UqSiV wofidTw^, oTi T^v fiiv inl Tr^g tov ^Hov 9?a- 
QupoQog T6Tay(*iv9iv dbvafiiv., JHqor, "ElXfivsg ^ 
*An6Xl»va naXovat' fqv S* im tov nvevfiatog, ol 
fMV^^Oaigi^, oi9i2dgamv, oi di, J^w&l, J&yp' 
nuatL offfjtahu Si kvfiaty,, ^ Td ftlstv. di^ nal 
ne^gaTqox^g ywvo^iin!^ toS 6v6fAaTog, '^lXfivtarl 
%vm maiXiiTat ih aaTqov, omq ISioy T^g*^latdog vo- 
nliovaiv^ ^xtata utiv ovv dtl (ptXaTifAsia&ai mql 
Taiv ovo/JtaTm., ov fjtrpf aUjd fiuXXov vtpdifjtfiv tw/ 
SI»qdmdog AiyvnTiotg-, fj tov ^OaiqiSog- ixHVo 
iiiv (pvv) ifvtxdv, TovTo di 'iEXX%vt3t6v, Sfitpm di 
syo^ &soSj xdl fjttug dvvdfjiBfag 4\yavfjtBvo^^ 

LXI[. ^iEoixu di TovToig xal %d Aiyvntta, Tijy 
(MV ydq ^latv noXk&xtg t^ T^g^^A&fiySig ovdfjiaTt xa- 
Xoiiat, {pqdS^VTi TotoifTOv ijoyov , f}X&ov dn ifjtav^ 
Tijg' onzq ioTtv avTOxtviitov (poqSg dfiXonTix^v 6 
ii Tv<pm {mam(f sXqriTat) JSrid-, xalBifim, xdl 
Sfjtii ovofidieTat, filat6v Ttva xal xoiXvTtH-^v iniax^ 
aiv, vmvavTitaat» , i^ ^vaoTqogi^v, i/jKpaivstv /ioV^ 
Xofjtivm Tm ovQftdim, eTi Tijy atdriqlTiv Xi&ov, 
^ooTiov^Jlqov, Tvq>mog $i t6v aldfjqop, ^ laiOQtl 
Mave&dtg, xaXotatv. &amq ydq 6 aidtiqog noXXid- 



DE ISIDE ET OSIRIDE. 59 

«ijp lihf kXftofiivco nal lifOfdvts itqogiov li&ov Ofi0t6^ 
iati, noXXdxig If dnoatQiipsjoit xut anoitQovemi Tigog 
Tovvavxlov ovxioq r\ awniQiog xal aya^ii naX X6yov 
sxovaa tov x6a(Jiovxlv9jatgimarQi(f,stalj6xal7rQoa' 
uyitai xal liaXaxmigav noici, mi&ovaa i^r axXfj^ 
uiav exsivTjv xal rvtptavtov, «It av&tgavaaxt&ftaa tig 
iavt^v dviatgtiffexal xatidvasv dg T^v^nogitxr, et i 
iprial nsgl tov Jiog 6 Evdo^og fiv&oXoyuv AlyV" 
ittiovg, i/g twv axtX&v avfimspvx^tiav avt^ fjt^ Sv 
vdfisvog fiadi^tv, vn alaxvvrig igvifiia dtitqtfitv ^ 
^k ^tatg dtattfio^aa xal ^taatriaaaa td fdqfi ^avta 
xo\> awfjtatog^ dgtinoSa tijiv nogiiav naqiax^v • ai- 
vittftat di xal dtd tohtfav 6 fAV&og, Sti xa6* tav^ 
xov 6 to\i S^zov vovg xdl XJdyog, iv ti^^dogdm xoti 
diparfi Pf^xoig, ug yivtaiv hno xivr\aimg ngoijX-dt^ 
LXni. ^EficpdivH xwl td ofiatgov, Sti asis» 
a&m dti td ovta xal ftrjdinotB naifta^ai (pogag, 
dXld oJov i^sytigea(tai xal itXovna^&at xaxadag&d* 
vovta xal fjtagaiv6fitval tbv ydg Tvtpwva ' <paal 
xolg asiatgotg dirotginstv xal dnoxgolsa&at, ^ij* 
Xovvteg , ott tiqg <p&ogSg awdeoiofig xal iatdafjg, 
tti&ig dvaXin trjv <p\)aiv xal dviatria$ dtd t% xiyt/- 
(jefog ^ yifeatg, tov ds aeiatgov negtq^egovg avt»- 
thy ovtog, ri dif)lg ntgtixtt td ast6fjieva tittaga. 
xal ydg ri yswwftivrj xal q>&sigofiivri ftolga tov' 
usdafioV negtixttai fiev vno trig aeXi]viaxfjg aipaigag, 
Ktveltai f iv avtjj ndvta xal fistafidU,etat dtd tS» 
tnrdgoiv atotxeUav, nvgdg, xex* ^^^, xal vdatog, 
«o» digog, tf d' d^fid^ tov aeiatgov natd xogv(p^v 



60 PLVTARCHI 

iytoQSVovaiv aD.oVQOV dy&Qdmtiv TtQo^anoy B;(ovTa, 
xaioj de UTi^ xa astdfxsvch «5 (*^v "laidog^nij di iVe- 
ip&vog TtQdganov, aivmdfievoi loig fiiv TtQosajtoig 
yiveaiv nal tsUvt^v, {avtai yuQ siai twv azoixsi(av 
iMta^oXal xal nivrpsig) tto d* aiXovQca^ trjv atXiivtjVy 
did t6' TtotxlXov Hol vvxT0VQy6v Kal y6vifAov jov 
^HQiov, XiyBTat yuQ Iv tihthv, tUa duo xal jqw 
xal tdaaaQa xal nivts^ * xal xa^ ev ovtwg axQt xSiv 
iTttdnQOsild-fiatv, aat oxjat nal iVxoai td ndvta 
TixtBiv, oaa xal t^g acAi^)^ (ptitd iativ. tovto (liv 
ovv taa}g. fAV&adiatfQOV ai d* iv tolg ofifjtaaiv av- 
tov TidQai TtXi^QOvadai^ fiiv xal nXatiivsa&ai doxov- 
'aiv iv TtavasXiivo} , Xsntvvsa^&ai di xal fiaQavytlv iv 
talg fiSKaasai tov aatQOV. tm d* dv&Q(anofi6Qg>i^ 
tov alXovQov td vosq6v xal Xoyixov ifiq^aivstai tm 
niQt triv asXrivriv fistaPoXQv, 

LXIV. 2wsX6vti^ d* slnHv; ovts vd&)Q, qvts 
i^iov, ovtfyjjv, ovts ovQavoVf^OatQiv,. rj^laiv, 09- 
^Sig. Bxsi vofilj^siv , outs nvQ nifMva ndXtv , ovt 
avf^fiov, ovdi •^dXattav, dXi^ dnXag oaov iailv iv 
Toitoig SfJtttQOv Ttal ataxtov vnsQfioXaTg, ^ ivdti- 
dig, TVq>&v% TtQogvifiovtsg ,t6 di xsxoafitjfiivov xal 
dyd&ovxal ^^ihfJtov, &g ^laidog fiiv sQyov , u- ' 
x6va di xal fjilfirjfta xal X6yov 'OatQtdog, 'Os^^fitvo* 
xal tifi&vtsg^ ovx av afiaQtdvotfAtv , dXXd xal Toy 
Ev^o^ov dntatovvta navaofisv, xa\ dianoQovvta, 
n&g ovte dr^firitQt trjg twv iQtatixiav inifisXslag fii- 
Tsatw, dXXd^^Iatdf t6v ts Mvvaov ov tov TftiXo^ 
avitiv, 0VT9 tiav Tt&vrix6t(ov aQXitv dvvdfuvov* kvl 



DE ISIDE ET OSIHIDE. 61 

ytig I6yif) noiv^ roxfg &tovg ToifTovg mgl nSaaw 
uya&ov (iolgav riyovfit^a T5T«;f^«t. ytal nav, vaow 
tyeoTt rp ffiaHf vtaXhv ntal ayaddv, did joirovg 
vndgx^iv, tdv fxkv, Sid6vja tag «^;tf^9> Ti}y de, vtto- 
dtXCfiiviiv xal diavifiovaav. 

LXy. OvTOt di xal rotg voXXoig %al (poguxolq 
hHxtigfiaofnv, bUb tatg iia&* ^wgav fAtxa^oltaig to9 
ntgiizomg, tXre ralg naqnmv ytviatai tial anoQoti 
nal 'agdtoig xaiQOvat , td negl tcvg &tovg toitov^' 
awoixsiovvttg , nal Uyovteg, ^dntta^at ptv f6v 
"Ooigtv, 0T8 jtgvTttitai tjj yfj anttg6fisvog 'O iti»gn6g, 
ttv&ig 5' dvafitotta&ai nai ^va(pahvta&ai, ore /JX<»- 
atriatdtg ^gxii. dt6 xal Xiyea&at , ttiv^latv ata&o- 
lUvtjv, ott xiitt, negidxfiaad-at (pvXaxTfigiov, extff 
fiiivdg iatoifiivov ^a<aq>L tixtta&at di thv *Agno-' 
xgdtfiv negl tgondg xHfiegwdg, dteX^ xal veagdv iv 
roTg ngoav&ovat xal ngo^Xaatdvovat. dtd xal q>a» 
xShf avtw qfvofiivav dnagxoeg inupigovai, rdg dk 
loxiiovg ^fiigag kogtdl^etv fietd Tijy kagtvriv lafjfis» 
giav, Totta ydg -dxoiovteg dyanSiai, xal ntatevov* 
aiv, avs6&tv i% %&v ngoxeig<av xal awti&m to nt^ 
&av6v tXxovteg, 

LXVI. Kal detv6v ovdiv av ngwrov fizv ^fiiv 
toifg Oeoiig ipvXdtraat xotvovg, xal fi^ notmatv Jk" 
nvnrim idiovg, fitidi NelXov, tjv re NsiXog agdth 
fi6vriv x^gav tolg ov6fiaat rovroig xaraXafifldvov" 
tee, fifidi tXfi, U7\d8 Xmovg, fjt^ ^eonoCiav Xiyovrtg, 
anoategmt fitydXmv ^smv toiig aXXovg dv&gotnovg, 
tXg NtiXog fiiv oyx lanv, ovdi Bovrog, ovdi Mifi* 



62 PLVTAHCHI 

^i; * faiv Sb *al Tovg mqi ait^v ^tov$ txovat xat 
yivtuaHOvatv &7tavTtg, iviovg fiiv ov ndlai, jolgwa^ 
AlpfTttloiv ovdfiaat xaUlv fiifia&tixdjtg , kxdatov 
dt jrjv duvafiiv i^QXVS iTuatdfkivok %al Jifkmrttg, 
dsvjBQOv, o niii6v iativ, onm afpddga nQogiiovai 
xal (popifiovjai, fiij hd^dnatv elg nvsv^iaxa, xalQSV- 
littta, xul andQovg, xal aQ&tovg, ual ndO^ yn^ xoH 
littafioXdg &q&v dia/Qdq>ovteg td ^ela xal diaXv' 
ovteg, Sgmg ol ^idvvaov t^v oivov,. "if^faiatov di 
t^ tployat 0eQasq>6vtiv- di ^iiai nov Kledv^fig t6 
dtd t&v xaQTt&v q>eq6fievov xal qfovevofuvdv jtvev- 
fia. noi-titfig di ttg inl t(av ^eqiliivtm * 

l^fiog.ot al^ol Jiififiteffa xoiXotofieyaiV • 
ov^ev ydq ovtot diaqiiQovo* tfv latia xal xdhas 
xa\ ayxVQW fiyovfiiv^ xv^Qvriftiv , xai viifiata 
xal xff6Hag,.vifLdvtfiv, mju ojsovdelov, i^ fieUxQatov, 
tj nnadvriv,.latQ6v* dlkd deivdg xal d&iovg ifinoi'» 
own d6l^ag, ^vaia^tqi^ xai dfvxotg-xal (pSeiQ0fi&' 
vaig dvayxaiag vn dv&Qwtm dsoftivwv xal j)^/i£- 
v»P ipiaea* nal nqdyfiaayv ov6fiaton&sSiv imt^QOv^ 
jsg, tavta fuv ydQ avTa voi^aai, '&eovg ovx tativ, 

LXVIL Ov ydQ avovv ovH* dT^vj^or ovde av- 
&Qmtoig d -^169 (moxel^v dn6 tovtsmv de tovg 
ZQf>^fUfovgMiiok xal dfoiQovftbvov^^fiiv , xal na^ 
X09ftag diwaa xai l^aQX^, ^eovg ^VjOfilaafisv, ovx 
MQOivg. n^Q ktiQOis,.ovii fioQlidQfyvg nal "EH^vag, 
ovdi ifotlovg xal fioQslovg* dJiXSgiUQ ^iog na$ 
09kifvfl xaloi^avdg xal yS no^ ^dlaaaa xosvd na^ 
oif, . ovQfidifjms d* aUms vn aXXmv, oStag kv6g Xd- 



DE ISIDE ET OSIHIDE. 63 

yov rov raifT» xoa^oiirTog xal fitZg ngovolag ink- 
rgonsvovoTig, xaV dwdfAmv vnov^ywy inl navxag 
maynivmv,. tngat naq ixiqoig %aia v6fiovg yfyd^ 
vaoi TCfco» nal ngogt^yoQkit ' xal avfip6loig ZQ^' 
rat, xa&Kg»iiivoigj ot fisv afivdgolg, ol dk iQavm- 
tigotg, inl td &tia t^y v6fiaiv ddrjyovvrfgovx uxiV" 
dvrvtag» tvtoV ydq dnoatpalivjfg navTonaaiv dc. 
^Biatdaifiovtav- wXia&ov *^ ol de fffivyovreg SgntQ 
(Xo$. T^y- ikiaidbiiijiovlav , tXa&ov ai^t^. SgnsQ ug 
x^fivdv ifinBaovug t jy «^f ($ti}Ta« 

liiXYIIL dt6 dtl fidliaTa ngdis xama Hyov i» 
<p$loao(plixg fiVOTaytoy&v dvaXa^^vtag, oatiag diava* 
tied-a^ tfSv- ieyofiivav xat S^gfOfJiiviav exaatoy iva 
icif, ita&dmg Seodwgog slne,. tovg l6yovg avrov tfi 
difya- nQOtBlifovtog,.iviovg. tjj- uQtatSQa dixta&at t&v 
dkQ06i>fii^av,. ovtug vffifig^. a xaXwg oi v6fioi mql 
tdg&vaiag.ital tdg-loQtdg. ha^aV', hiQiag vnoXafA' 
Sdvovtsg, i^fidQtufisv. ottydQ inlt^^v X6yov dvoi' 
ariov anavta, nal naq avtMv insivunt iatl XaPslv, 
rff fisr ydq ivdtp int dina tou nqmov fii^vdg koQ^ 
td^rtsg.tiSh*KQfif^, fiiXi xalavxov ia-&t6vaiV', ini» 
Uyortsg^. FXvxv 17 dX^&sta, t6' ds tijlg ^lat^og tpv- 
Ittxt^tov,. o' nsQtdntta&at fiv&oloyovatv avt^v^ 
il^Qfi^vsifsrat,. ^v^ dXif&rig. tov di^AQnoxQdtriV 
ovis '&s6y dtsXif xal. viintov, ovts xsdQoniov ttva 
vofuatiov, dXXd tov nsQtx^siuv iv dv&Q»notg X6yov 
vsaQO^xal dtsXol^gxai ddtaQ&QCttov nQoatdtriv xal 
awpqovtati\v. t^t6 tu at6fiath tdv ddxtvXov sxts 
nQogxelfiSvov ixsfivQtag xat atfonijg aifi^oXov* iv 



64 PLVTARCHI 

.ds Tb) Meaogri fifi^ tSv x^Qon^v ijUfpiQOVTfg Xi» 
yevaiVf rXiaaaa Tvxrj , yXaiaaa daiguav. tZiy d^ ii^ 
Jlfvm^i qfvx&v fjiaXiaTa rfj &i(§ Ha&isgiaad-at Xi- 
./0W( Tijv nfQaiav, oti xagdia (iiv e xa^Ttdg avi^g^ 
yXiaTtfj ds to (pvkXoy ^oixsv, ovdiv yaQ, iov avdigta" 
wog.Bxuv ni(pvxE, &si6Tf(fOV Xdyov nal fidUara tou 
;rf^* ^(MV, ovdi fiftZova ^onrjv I^a ngog svdaifio^ 
riav» di6 toi fisv tlg t6 ;(QT)aTTif)iov ivTav&a xaxi^y' 
li namyyvwjAsv, oaia (fgovsiv, svipTjfia Xiyiiv. ot 
di noi^ol ytXola dgwatv iv TaJg nofinaig xal Talg 
koQxalg, Evqnjfiiav TtgoxfiQvtTovtsg, eJfor mg* Tmv 
^eSiv avtwv Tci dvgipfifiotaTa xal Xiyovrsg Tcal ^MX- 

VOOVfABVOt, 

LXIX. Jlwg ovv x^^sov icnl talg ^xv&^o^» 
^aTg xttl aysXdaTOig xai mvd^ifioig dvaiaig, d /4^r8 
naQoXinuv tu ysvofnafUva xaXiag €xn, fi^rs <piQetv 
vdg ntQ'l &Sb)V do^ag, xal avvTaQdxtetv vnoyjiatQ 
dtdnotg; xal noQ* '*£XXijmv ofioia noXXd ^ivna* 
mQ\ t6v avi6v ofxo^ ti %q6vov, olg Jj^viiTtoi dQSt- 
^iv iv Tolg oaioig, xal yaQ *d^v9fat vfiatwovaiv 
al yvvaixsg iv d-safiotpoQiotgxctf^t*^ xa&iQfJtsvcu. «al 
BowTol Td Tijg lAxaiug fjiiyaQa xivovatv, inax^ij 
t^v koQTtjv ixslvfjv ovofid^vttg, ^ dtd^r^v^T^g x6- 
l^g xd&oZov iv «/8» T^g ^fififjTQog ovaiig, kat$ ^ 
6 firjV' ovTog nsQl nlfvi^ an^Qtfwg, ov li^v^ AU 
fifnrtoi, JIvavz9f}t&va d^ 'A&ffvaiot^ BotmTol Oi 
'AafiidtQtov xaXovat. Toiig Si nQ6g iawi^av ohtovv- 
TagiaT0Qn''Os6nofinog fiyslffd-at ical xaXfhf^ t6f 
ukv xstfn&va Kq6voV) t6 di &iQog, 'dtpQoHtfiv, td <J ' 



DE ISIDE ET OSIRIDE. 65 

bo^, JIe(faff6wfiv • 4» da JKq69ov malliqiffodirtj^ 
YtpyftQ&tu . ndyw, ^Qiysg di t6v^ ^t6v (^fitvot 
ZBifitavog nad-eideiv, ^igovg d* iy^yoQivai, totc 
fiiv xatewaafioifg, tori f dveyigaeig fiaxxsvovrtg 
avj^i TelovoL Uaqiiaydvsg di xatadtla-d-at xa^ 
xa&d^yvva^at x^fmvog, . ^QogSi xmla^at xa\ «- 
raXvfff&ai gndaxovat* . 

LXX. Kal did(aa$v 6 xaig6g vn6voiav in\ raiy 
xuQniav vfj unoxqvipn ysvia&at ivv axvd^gumaafidr, 
ovg^i nalmol ^eovg^fiiv ov* ivdfiij^ov, dXXa (^oS^a 
'&itoiv dvayxaca xa^ fifydXa ngdg rd firj (fiv dyqitog 
*al &rfgmd&g. xad^ ?iv ijf} S^v Tovg ftiv dnd div' 
d^v kuiffm dtpaviioftivovg navrdnaaiv xal dnoXU-' 
novtae, tovg di xal aytol xataaTuiQavteg biiyXi^ 
cz^g XM dndgfag, diafimfisvoi talg x^tfol t^v yijv 
xal m^atiXXovtsg av&tg, in ddriXtf n^ ndj^iv ixte-^ 
Xela&at Tcal avvtiXeinv ^iv dno&ifitvot, noXXd 
&dntovaiv ofiqta xal nev&ovaiv enQattov, tlta 
waneq ^fitlg tdv atvovfievov ^tfiXia SXdxtavog, &ye7- 
ai^ai (jpafiiv JlXdtwa, xal Mivavdqov vnoxgirt» 
a'&a& tdv. Tff Mevdvd(fOv noi^fiata vnott&ifitvov, 
ovtug ixttrot to7g tuiv &tSiiv -ovofiaat tu r&v ^tiav 
SSiQa xal not^fmta xaXetv ovx ifptidovto, ttfi&vtfg 
vnd .xgtia^ xttt atfivvvovttg, oldivattgov, dnai^ 
deiitiog dezifievoi xal dpeaO&g dvaatqi^ovttg ini 
tovg^^eovf td nd&ii tav xaQnwv,mMt tag nagovaias 
tmv dvaynakav xai dnoxqv\f}etg, ^e&v ytviaetg naX 
tpd^ogdg ov nQogayofftvovttg pi6vov, dXXd xal vofii^ 
iorttg, didnotv xat naQav6fA9e» xal tetaQuyftiriop 
Pi.vT.MoR.in. E 



f,n PLTTARCHl 

itonldr h itp&alfiotg Bxovttg' *0 fih ovr Sero* 
ipdffjg 6 Xohxpi^Ptog rilS/ttM to^ A^yvnTUivg^ . eS 
^ifi fOfjU^ovoi, fii) &(^v9tv, tiH^f^owrt,^ovg 
11/) yopUithf* &Uvig dk ytXoiov Sjia &igiirovp%ag «v- 
^tod^ai, .TO^tf nagnoifi noiXiv ^vaipalpsiv xal TtXtio%9 
kavwifg, Snmg ndXtv avaXlojmvxai nal ^gfjv&ptat, 
I4XXL. T6 d*. ovnt lan roiovtov, dXhx &mivov^ 
oi fiiv toig nagnoif^ , . tvjlovteu di io7g altloig noti 
dotijifai z&tolg, ktigovg . ndJuvviovg nouiv nal wa^ 
qtptiv dvtl t&v,dnolijLVfiivm. o&tv agtata Xiyttak 
na(fti tolg <ptXoai^otg, t6 tovg fiTf fiav^dvovtag oQ' 
d&^ Anohtiv ovofidttov, . nan&g xQV^^^^ *^^ ioTg. 
nffdyfAaotp* Sgntg *MXriv(OP, olitd xaXnoi^naX r^ 
ygantd nal Xi&iva juj) fia&6Htg firid* "i&to^vttg^ 
dydlfiota noil jifidgj&s&P, dXXd id-toii^ xaXtX^ , Jtret t 
toXumvttg Xfyftv, jSit tfiv '4&fivav Aaxdgffjg i^dvoiy ^ 
t6v d* jln6lX»va . xgvcro^ poatqbxovg %xovta -Ato^ 
vhatog dninttQtv, 6 M 2tvg 6 Kanttdfktog ntgi t^A^ 
ififpifhov n6ktfiov ivtagti^&fjnal da<p^dqrit Xav^- 
i^dvovatv 4<ptXn6f»tvot nal 'nagadtx6fitvot d^gnd-^^ 
ffjgdg inofiiva^. tot^ 6p6fiaaiv, totJto d* odx tTwa- 
mn6if(Hfiatv Alyifnttotntgl rd .rifi&fuvcf- t&v imtvi 
"jiXXffvtg fikv ydq Iv yt roiftotgliyovatv oqBQg noM 
vofiiOovatv, . itgdv \i<pQodity]C C^v tlvat rrjy ntgt^ 
attgdv, nal t6p dgdnovta trjg Id&fjvag, nal t6v n&^ 
gana toD *A7t6XXowog, . nal rbv nijva. r9f% Ugrifitdog^ 
•*" JSvgtnHkfg' ** 

'ttx^g dyaXfta ^piOMr^d^pv K^dte t&*}.,. 



DE ISIDE ET OSIRIDE. ^ 

Al/wnk^ di cl nMol d^t^mnworti^ avta t» itmy 
xal mQtinoTKg ^ ^soifs, • ovyikmog fjidfiop, ov^ 
Xlfvaoftot, ntxtanmkTfMUH toc U^VffpdoQ* aiUr4 
Toifto tijg dfitltfifiag iXpixiOt^ ^f* «axdy* d^»^ 
ifiq>v€ta^ iftv^, tovg fdv ao&ivug xal dwltKOvg ««$ 
uxga^^y vjuQtinovaa T^y duaibmfioviap f TiN^d»v 
^tlkVtiqotg.nai ^qaavtiQoig il^ d&iov^ifininTov^' 
oa Tuxl i^iiQtofdttg XoyMinovg. tf xal sif^ toirw td 
nK^ia difX&up ovu dvdgfM>itt6v iatt* 

LXXII.: To iiip yflQtU twbxa td ySia tovq 
d^ovg tov Tv<pma dsiGavtag-fiitapaXtiv, oloy ^ 
noHQvntovtagittvtovgiHtfiaaiv TlHtcnv nal xvvw^uai- 
UQOKOiv, naoav vmQninains ttQattiav nal fiv^*" 
Xoyidv Ka« t6 taig- tf^vxaigt&v &av6ptw oaa$ 
diaitivovotv, tlg tavta fi6va yivsoSat t^» naXtyyt^ 
vtaiav, 6pLoifag aniatov* tmv di povXafiivuv noXi*^ 
ttxfiv ttva Xi/fiv altim',oi fUv^Oaiqi» iv tfj fi^ydXff 
otQfitf^i^alv tig ^HQ^ noXXd iftavtifiavtat^vdv^' 
vafuv, 4^X6xovg ual id^stg *MXrinKwg naXovatv) ini* 
ai^jM dovvai ^/afdfiOQfpa ndatv, 4ov Ematov t^ yiv$$ . 
tuv avJfvs^fi^ivtm Uqov ytvigdait aal tlfjuoy, oi di 
tovgvottQOv fiaatXiXg, JxnXfilstefg ^vtsta tmv noXo* 
uUov, h tatf fidjiaigimpmvtod^t di^ffimv xifvowg 
nQQtofitt^xal uffyysfig ntQttt&tfiivovg, dXXoi <M jSw > 
ditpSvtiva TUtl navovQyiovfiagtXim latoQO^at^.toH 
^yvjttiovg jiat(ii^pk&6vTa tjfdv^itat» %9>vfpav9f 
xal nq6ii.^f^tfta^pXiiv xtil vtmtQtOfo^v i^VQ^nottgav" . 
Tffffi afuixov di xat iivgxd&txtov vn6 nX^i^vg dv-» 
vautv iv t^ ^vfi^fiffQV^v xul HQ/ivonQayHtf '^^onag, 

E 1 



68 rLVTAaCHi 

dftfhof ttitoi^ iyiiaTaamtga&, Jisl^rra'f^sMi9aifio* 
vlaif, diaqfO^g wtaiatov ^qd<paatv, imy yiiQ'&ii^ 
glmt S n(fogiiaifiv alkois aXla rifiav Ttal aipea^a^, 
dvofuifwg nal nolf(ii9f&g tiHriXoig 'ngogipeQOfiiveaiv, 
Hdl tgotp^v higav hjigmv ngogUa&o^t ntq>V}i6jmr, 
ttfiiivovttg wl tolg oixUoig sxaatoi, xal xalsTt&^ 
ddtmvfiiviav ^pigovug, ' iidv&avov taig iwv ^figiiav 
^fX^QOug awtXMdfisvoi ual avvsxnoXe/iovfttvot n^g 
dXXfiXovg. fidvoi ydg m vvv AiyvTttloav AvxonoXX* 
tat 9rg4flatov ia&iavaiv , insl xal Xvxog, ov &i6v 
vofilCovatv ol ^ff *0{v^v/jf*Tcei xord-* rifiag, tvavKv^ 
VonoXit&v t6v o^gv/xov ixBvv ia&i6vtmv , nvr&g 
avXXa/idvttg xal^&iaavttg, ■&g Ugslov xatiqiayov, in 
ti toltov xataatdvtsg -fig n6XsfAov, dXXrjiXovgtsdti-^ 
^xav xax&g, ital vattgov 'Vn6*Pwfiixi0v xoJlo£d/<t- 
vot distid^fiadv. 

^ • LXXUl. Hollavds Xty6vtwv sigtavtatdSSm 
t^v YoD Twp&vog ctvtov dii/gaa&ai yfvx^v, aivittf^ 
a&at d6^sisv dv 6 fwdog, oti naaa ipvmg dXoyog 
xal &figia9rig tijg tov xaxov datfiovog yiyovi fioi" 
gag, xaxtXvov ixfj.tiXiaa6fitvob xal nagijyogoXrvteg 
mgiinovat iatfta ual^ d-tgansvovatv ' dv Si ndXvg 
ifinlntfi xalxaXsndg avxfibg, indym vntgpaXXov» 
t(og fj v6aovg oXs&glovg ^ avfnpogdg SXXag nagaXo* 
yovg xal dXXox^tovg, ^vta toiv ttfitaftivwv ol UgtTg 
dndyovtsg vn6 ax6tovg fistd aitanijg xal fiavxiag, 
drtstXovat jrnl dtdiitovtai tong&tov, dv d* inifisivjf, 
len&tsgovai^ xal a(pdttovaiv, &g d^ ttva xoXaafiOfp 
'ov daifiovog tov rov, fj xa&agfidv aXXwg fiiyap 



DE I5«)E ET OSUUfiE. 69 

Inijayiatoig' xat yag ip JSiltiOviag TidAc.^^oVfflf^ 
mf&Q4»jrovg xaxmifAnqousav, &g Muri&iag caTd^ijKF, - 
Tw^avi^vgiiLaXoXiintgjiiLulTrivTic^av aviiav Xinfim'' ^ 
ttg f^ffdviSfiP ntu diiajuigop. dila jovio (liv idQa- 
To ^vsgvg nal- xad-' IVa xatqov iv TuXg xvviiatv i;- 
uigaig^' al di %&p jifAiofiivfav ^ttHav xa^UQBvang 
wto^^TOA xalxg^poig dTdxioigjtgdg Tii avfKmnxovr 
x»y4v6fupa§, Tovg TtoXkovglav&dvoyai, nXrjv oiav 
TU^g ijftoaiy. xal-Twv aXXmv dvadfixvvvug h'ia 
xmtfTeuf 7iag6vTb}v avvtft^dXoiiaiv , olofjkivoi tov Tv- 
(fwpog dvTtXvmlv xal xoXovtiv t6 r^iiofiivov. 6 ytxQ 
Am^ doxil fisT oXlyiavdXXoiv ifQdgilvatTov^Oai" 
Qidog' ixsivohdsTd TiJlutfTa nQogvifiovai. xnv d- 
hi&iig.6 XoyogovTpg, ai}fiaivuv iiypvfiat t6 ^ijtou- 
u^ov ijil>T&v 6fAoXoyovfiiv(av xal xoivdg ix6vT(av 
rdg Tifidg.r oi6¥ ia^nv l^ig xal Mga^ xal xvvoxicpa - 
XoSr avTog 6-AjHg*' ovTfa 6fi, ydg tov iv MivdriXL 
Tgdyov xaXovaU' 

LXXIV. jisinsTai 6& $ij t6 xq^^^^^^S • ^^l to 
avjipoXixov, (ov hfifii ^ariQOv; noXXd 6' dfKpolv fis^ 
T£a/^y€. fiovv fiiv ov> xal n^ojiaTOv xal Ixvtvfiova 
Srj^v Sii X9^^9 Hvsxa xal oicpfXiiag iTifzijaav * ws 
Ai^fiPiot xoQvHovg^. t« Tiav dzisXdj^oiv svQtaxovTag 
iid xal x^T^xovTagr OsaaaXol d.i mXaQyovg, ou 
noXXovg o(ps(g T^g y^g.dvadidovaiig.inKpav8vug ^IaV. 
Xsao^v anavjctg' 6i6 xal voftov I&spto (psvy^iv, S^ig 
Sp dnoxTsiv^ TtsXuQyiy.^ danida ds xal yaXT^v xr/l ' 
tdp&agop, six6pag Tivdgiv avtolg dfiavQdg, tigufQ 
iv aTay6(f$v.^Xiov, tSs ^^H ^*»p i^vvfi^mg xaTidpy 



70 PLVTARCHI 

fs^* r^v fiiv yttQ yetlijvhi noXXol vofittovvt nii^ 
Uyovot naxd^id ovg dxsvo/iivfiv , ra Be at6 funi ri^ 
xTovaav, itxaO(Aa irfg toD Hyov ywiai^ tlvai * i6 
de xav^dgm yivog ovti txw &^Utav, ^^(nvag 9i 
ndvtag dq>iivat i^v yovov tlg tijv OfpaiQonoiovfie» 
VTjv vlrjv, TiV icvXivdotatv Avttfiddfjv &d^ovvTfg, «Sf. 
mg doKBt tbv ovqavbv 6 i^Xtog igtovvavitov mgt^ 
atQitp^iv, avxbg dnb dva^tav inltdg -dvatoXdg tpt^ 
Qdfjuvog, damda ds, «»,' cc/^^oi xal xQ^/^iy^y ^i*'^* 
asaiv dvoqydvoig fitx svmtBiag xal d/^drijro;«f^^ 
ngogdxaaav, 

LXXy. Ov fifiv ovde 4 xgox6d$tXog atilag 9r«- 
&avfjg dgioiQOvaav la/i^xe ttfi^r; dXXd fJtlfitifia ^bb^ 
Xiysxat ypyovivat, fjtdvog fiiv ayXmao^&v, (potv^g 
ydq 6 &eiog X6yog dngogderig iaxt, xal di df6(p9V 
. paimv xeXhV&ov xal dixrjg td &vfixd ayu xaxd Hl^ 
Xfjv, fi6vov di.ifaatv iv vyg^ dtaitfOfiivov tngatfffig 
viiiva Xhov xal dtafpavij nagaxaXvntHv ix to& /tf- 
tinnov xaxsQx^fiiVov , ^gxs pXinntv fi^ pXBn^ftfvor, 
o ro» TT^roi ^fto avftfii^fixhv, onov d* dv fi &fiXua 
r?^ X&Qag dnoxikfj, tovto ISeiXov mgag iniaiata$ 
tijg av^oiwg ytvdfjttvov. iv tyQ& ydg ov dvvdfK" 
vat, n6qQ(a 8s xpo^ohfitvat tixtnv, ovtotg dxQtfi&g 
ngoatadidvovxai xo^iXXov, cS^rt r^ notaft^ ngog^ 
iX&6vti XQ^^^^^ Xoxsvofisvat xal &dXnovo'ai, tai 
9* &d ^gd «aladgkxta q^vXdaattv. ^^xovra di 
kixxovatv ' xal toaavtatg fjfiiQatg ixXdnovat , xai 
toaoltovg Xiaatv ivtavxovg ol fiaxq6xatov Igfivttg, o 
xSiV fiixQiov ngSatdv iatt tolg ntol xd oiiQdvta 9r^a-> 



BEISmEETOSIIUDE. 71 

y§Mant&V0(iirQig, dXhi fAtjif itav d»' a^gjtfie^ Tf^6)- 
{ttrny, n$ffl (liv tov »vp6g tt^fftui ng6o&tv • ^ri d* 
t^- mnonr^vwaa jih td - &apaJij(p6Qa tup i^nf- 
mSr, i9i§tfy ^^tfi nBmfiorog latQixov ;r^c/(xy xii> 
tMrrag, 6^tn nXti^fUnir xal ita&aiQO(Aiyiiy v(f 
kavi^g, <A di ronifmTatoi tSiy U^f»y Ka&d^ioP 
viat^ ayif^fiWOh kafilidyovaiy , o&ty Vfitg nsTWinsy. 
ai niy^i.ydgi} voa&dtg, rj mq^agfiayfiiyoy , ovSi 
ng6gtioi* iffM i&v nod&v SujiSdau ngdg mlitijAoiv 
nal t^ ^vyx^' MnUv^v ^tomt^y&yov, Iti di ^ 
iwv- fiMivw nttQ&y ntQl td kivnd noixiUa nal lii^ 
|i$ ifiq>divti atXfiviiy dfifplnvqtov, ov dtX di-^aV' 
ttdSfiv, 4 yUaxgag *6fiOi6vijtag ovttig iydnfiaav 
Myvntiot. : xal^£Xlfiytg tv tt ygamolg iv tt nXcf' 
atdig, thdafiaat ^t&v i;(^aavto noXXotg toiovtoig, 
oSsy iv Kg^tp ^ftdg fjv ayaXfta fi^ txov &ta' t^ 
ydq a^ovn xdl ftvQia ndrmv, ovhvbg dnovttv 
ngogiiKth t^ 8t i^gU&fivdg, t6v dQdnovta^tidiag 
ftagi&iint * iw 6i iijg UfpQoditiig iv "HXt^i, T))y x^ 
AwFf}y> ^ tdg jiiv naf&ivovg g^vXan^g ^tofiivac, 
uuq^ds yafittaig. oUtovgiav nal atomfjv ngiTtovaav. 
fl m fo^ Jloatidwvog tqiatya avfij3oX6v iatt i^g 
t^nig }idigag,^y ^dXatta nati^tt fittd tdv ovqavov 
Mp) thv dif^a tttayfiivri. dth nal tTlv dfiifiiqiit]v 
ftai %ovg ti^jmvag ovttag Sty6fiaaav. ol dijli^qi^ 
ydgttot naldg$Stfiovg nal axiftata ^sc5v in^aftftiaav 
ngogiiyogiatg, t6 (tiv ,ydg la6nXtv^ov tgiyoivov, 
iudXM/y ji&fivdp nogvqiayunj tnaltgiToyiytiav, or» 
tgtal na^ijoig dn6 tCh tgiav yc9Viwv uyofiivaig ^i* 



72 PtVTABGfif 

xoil dijikoTdjoisjAOifddog: bqip da, t^dvdd»*al 
10 Xiiav * . dUfj V d6,x^v jgwda, %o v* yA^ ddinBiv 9to^ 
ddtxuad-»t .%ca tlMi}^ «otl VfiSQfio^p^ ovtog , lad- 
Ti^Ti dUoiiov iv ftiaij^ yiyovfv * ^.di ntnhiviiivvi Ta« 
%Qaitx,vi.%dti%a\ tQidxovTa, fdyiaroq ffv oqnoq, w^ 
Ts^^vUf}T(Xi* xal xoafAog iav6(Atxa%ah tiaad^ow fjiip 
i^imy lav ngdttiav, leaadQfov da wwp mgioamf cc^ 
t6.()iv.t6,avvu&sfiiv(av, dTto-uXoifiJUVog, 

Ju%XVL JE^ntq ovv ol d^oiuii(o%atoi.Tm (piJMoS^ 
* q{^v, v^ iv dmvxo^g xal aai^fitioi; nqdyfmaiv ai>^ 
^jfm Jov ^dov 3tand6vTBg.f^^vp dfMldlv ovdkv,ovV 
tUifidJi^iv, sufAoXlov o$ofiai xdgiv aia&avofiivaigjceil 
ytvxw ixoiiaai^ xalnd&og ital ij&og ,q>{faBai9 idi4^ 
Tfiiag xaid %6 /H^og. dyajiriTiov. ovv ov.!tavj«.Tt^ 
ftiavxag, dXXd did Toittav to.d^siOv, ag ivoffysati^p 
iadiiTQav xalffivasL ysyov6jm, &g oqyavov ^^Tixvfff 
tiu, tov. nvuita x&afjtowtog ^soJD yofi^eiy x«iU5c. 
u$<d« Ts fAfidiy Sipvxov ifi\f^}ixoVi fif^S* dvaiaQfito» 
fiia&avofiiyov xQsJittov slvaK' ' fi^df^ av-tdv avfi^ 
navtd tig. X(i^^^^ 6fi(>v> xdl afidgaydov tig Taurd 
aufi^pOQnafi, ov^ iv XQQ^oXg ydq, ovd* iv ax^aaiif^ 
oid^ iK^Xsi4tri(fOf iyyUstat id ^lov , ^kl! dttftoti^ 
Qfmf 8X^1 V€XQ(av fiolQi^», ooa fifffittiaxs, fifjdifiswi^ 
XHv tQV ijjy ni(pyxsv, ^,. di Ji^aa xal piinoVaa %a\ 
xi^iiaitag aQXHv M avttjg fxovaa,. xal yvmtn olxc^W 
xul dlkotgUay (fif^tg, . c!UAaf$: tji sanai(^ dnoQQorfV 
xal fiolqav ix, tov (pQov.ovvtog, onoagjtvfieQveitat t6 
■juftnav Add^ ^IlQdxksitov, S&t» ov x^^ov iv toh- 



DEiaiAEETOSISIDE. 73 

(hiinovjgfcfffittaiv, S qiOoqtxg fMy 6fMU<ag dixnai iittl 
^fff^If^iiMiei^y. aid^tiato)^ di ndarig q>ifaHxsii avyiaw)4 
iatigfiwu. TTc^i [Aey ovy jwv TijiKtf/iarcny {^ooHr raBto^ 
dontfifiSio fidliatoi tiav XiyofiiyWi 

UP^VII. JSToXttl di cii fdy "lapdos, noixllai 
uug pttsptiig * (mq\ yaq vXif^v { ' dvyafitg dvi^g, 
iwtftaytvofAsvt^y-italSixofiiyijy, q>SS^, ax6tog,' ftfii^ 
qfiLVf viikuf nvg, vdmq* ^farjv, (^dvatov elqx^v,, 
t*Xtv.ti\v) ri'd*^Qalgidog ovk exsi a3itdy,.ovS8 noiuiX- 
ft&y^ dXXd «y anXovv t6.<pmoBidig* anqaiov-ydq ^ 
d^il^TMtl dfii^ig jo^nqS^v xal vorjt6v* o^9V anai 
tawa dvaXa^ujtg, dnoti&svtai ual tpvXdttovaiv, 
t^ydg vofithv d6qatoy wtl atf/avatovf^tolg 6^ 'Jaia* 
ycolg jf^yiai noXXdntg, iv xgriau vdq td ala&ritd 
JuApfQOX^^f* ovta noXXdg dyantviiig. xd^.^&iag dv* 
itttf SXXgt mwg. dfiufiofiivonf didmiv,' ri di rov 
yoTitoihMal ilJuxg^yovg xal ayiovv6riaig, &gntg d- 
aiqanjj diaXdfijfiaaa, tfj*iffvxjj dnu^ nori d^tysiyxal 
nqogkiaiv^naqiax^r ^''^ xal nXdttoy xaljigtatoti* 
X^g inoTtttxdv tovto to fiiQog t^g <ptXoao<pittg xa^ 
Xovatv, &^ oi td di)iaatd xal fitxjd xal ndviodoTid 
tavta naqaf*it*yfdfMVOt t^ X6yii>, nqpg ti^-TiqSnov 
Ixilyo xo» ^nXovy xal avXovi^lXoxtat, xa\ dlyOT- 
TC^.aUo)^ T^^ ntQi avt6 xa^aQiig dXr^-dtiag, otov ' 
ivjilait tiXog ixuv q>tXoaoq)iav vofiiCovat. 

LXXUX. Jikiktovto onng oi vvv Itgiig' dq>oai' 
ovftivoi xalnaqaxaXvmifitvo^ fnt ivXafiiiag vno^ 
driXovaw, &g.6 &i6g ovtog aqxH xal puaiXtvn imv 



74 PLVTAKCHI 

j$&pri»6TWff ovx Mffig ^ tev nttXpvfuPOf) naf 
"^EU^tfty ^dov ual Illttotwog, "dyvQovfUfOf, Jjtm^ 
dlii^ig iou^dwjaQdru^ xovg nolXovslnfOPOOvvtag 
iv yjj xal vitd yijvt^v Uq6p »al ogwv mg dUi&Sig 
"Oaiqw ohtny, onov %d amuata xglfntstou t&» tilBg 
^X^ir donoiivtvtv^ 4 J' cfff t /mV avi^g- dnmaxm v$^ 
yT^g KXQavtog xul dgilavtog kuI nad-ag6g ovoiag »• 
ndofii (pdoffdv dtxoiiivfig nal ddvatov. dv^qdtnm 
di iifVxaXg ivtav&ot /iiv vn& otaf$dtmv nul na^&p 
mqtfxofUvaig ovje saT« futovdLa toi) i^eovy 4rif}y 
oaov ovslgatog d/iavqov ^iynv f o^ae* Htd -ipiXoao^ 
qdag, otav d* dnolv^ilaai f4»taat&aip tlg t6 ds^" 
dig nal ddgatov ualdna^ig xal dyv&v, itvtog «v- 
taltg iysfjwv iatt xal PaatXivg 4 ^sdg, ihiQttjfiiveug 
&g av dn avvov xal ^siofiivaf^ dnlffatmg xal no' 
&ohaaig tb u^ <pat6v^ fnjdi iritdv dv&g&notg xdk^ 
log' 6v trfv laiv4 naXcftdg dnwfdivei idyogig&ac» 
dsl xal diUMvaav xal avvovaav, dvanifAnXdvai tdt 
ivtav^ Ttdvtuv x»Xmv xorf dya&&v, oaa ysviaimg 
futiaxfl»^' tavta ftiv ovv oi^Tfog sxH idv fokXia^ 
&so'ig nginovta X6yov. 

LXXX. Ei di dti xcti mgl i&v ^vftmfUmv 
tiyLiqag hxdatfjg tlnalv, HgntQ vnsax^fxfiv, ixsivodia^ 
vofi^sifi ttg nQ^tsQoVf&g dsl fiiv ol SvdQsg ivanov^ 
dji fKyiaxfi ii^svtat td ngdg vyiiav in$tfidtvftata, 
(AaXMta di talg isQQVfyiaig xal taXg dyvsiaig xal 
dtaitaig ovx iiit6v iats tovtl toD oaiov «d vyiti^6y, 
ov ynq ^ovto xaX&g txttv ovis aaftaaiv, ovts tfrV" 
Xaig vnobXotg xal voawdfOi &tgamvsiv t& xa&agdf 



DE IBWE ET OSIRIDE. 75 

«a# aflXapeg ndvTti tal dfilartov. intl tolvw 6«^^, 
^ nXBiara ZQ(»fif^oi xal avwcfitP, ovx ae» r^y av- 
t^r BX^ dtii^taiv kaln^gip, aikd y^xTW^ nvxpov^ 
tttt xal nii^et t6 aw/ia nal avrdyettrjv y^vx^v <!$ 
T^ l^ia&vftoy xal mq>goPtMdg, olov dxXvotlhi pmyo- 
(dvfiv kd» paqnav, dvaamvteg ivd^vg im&vfitwft 
^ivfj^v, '^tqmtBhovtBq Hal3ia&digovt$g tdrtiigaijl 
btU9qiait, xo» ib avfifpvtov i^ a&fiatt nvivfta /uc- 
uttgaaftivoV'«va^^tmievttg, ix^larig tt t^^ oofi^g 
Of^dgdv xal icatanXfinttx6v. dv&ig de f/ttarjfiPQiag 
ma&aty6ftzvot a<p6dQa noX^v «o» fiageiav dva&v 
fdttatV'dn6^^g ^Xxavta plee i6v 'ijXiov ndl xatafn- 
frhorttt t^ degt, t-^v afihqvav im&vfiiaat, haXifH 
fttQ { &tgft6tfig xal anidvriat ibavviatdfmov ivi$ 
ftBQti)^ovtt &oXfg6v ftat IXvcidsg. xo» fdg o* Iot^ 
ftQ6g td Xotfitxd nd&fi fiofj&uv doHovat ifMya noi- 
Xf^ notovvteg Mg Xtntvvovaav i6v diQa, XsntvVtt 
di fiiXttov, idv svdtdfi ^{jXa xaiioatVi (Aa TtvnoQittov 
xof ojpxe^^ov xo) ntifttfig. TduQiova ymfv t6v tatg6v 
h Id&^vatg vn6 t6v ftiyttv Xotft6v tvdoutfi^at jtf- 
yovat, nvg TttXtvovta nagaxaittv to^ig voaatatv 
ttln^ot ydg ovx oXiyovg. jlgtatotiXfig di fpitiat xal 
fihgwv Mt» dv&im xo^ Xstftdivasv svadstg dnomdiag 
OVM I^JUxTTOt^ tj^tv totf ng6g '^Sovrjv i6 ng6gvysiav, 
fvxg6v tivttt (phatt xo* naysT^^fi t6v iyxi(paXov 
fjgifttt tjj &tgft6jfitt xal Xsidtfitt dte^sohaag. sl di 
xo2 tfjv aftigvav nag j&yvntioig BdX xoAof/i»)^, 
i^^fivsv&iv Hi toDtd ftdXtata ipgdj^fitifig Xfigtiansg 



66 PLVTARCHl 

itkonkdtv h 6q>^eAfioig txovttg' *0 fih ovr jTero- 
q^4^g 6 KoliJ(><p4^PMg ri^fiiHn tovg AiyvntlOvg, . cl 
xhovg 9o(ji^oifotr f*V "^Q^v^^^Vf f^^ ^gipfown, &€ovg 
AiQ yofdSstv^ aXkiag di yeXolov ajia ^nvQvrtag sv^ 
Zio%%u, .Tod^ fta^no^ ndXiv ^ivatpa^mv xal ttXt^o%9 
havioif^, Sntng ndXi^v dvaXiOitwvtat xal ^Qtiv&Ptato 
UCXI.. Td d\ ovH litJTi tototftov, diXd ^mjvovr 
oi /liv.tQig.xagnovg, . tvjlovta* di iolg aittotg neii 
^ortjgai f&Boig, Higovg ,ndXiv ^vioiig noulv ttal d^a^ 
ift(niv'diitlt&v.dnoU,Vfiivuv, o&w a^iata Xiyitat 
naqd toig ipiXoadipotg, t6'^tovg fitf ^v^dvovtag of^ 
i^ dnovnv. oito ftdtfov, . xaitmg ;|f^^dr^ori xal toI^. 
ngdyfAaaufT^-^gniQ *EXXriv(OP, oltd xalnoizital td 
ypantd fwl Xi&tva /uj} fia&6HBg ftrid' i&ta^^vttg^ 
d^dlfzara «o* ttfidgj&mP, dXXd fd-^oiii xaXkX^ , Hia t 
toXuMVtfg U/§tv, jSi%triv*4&fivav jiaxdgfig iSBdvofj^ 
tiv d' jin6XJi»va ^vao'^ poatgOxovg l/oKTa .Jto^ 
vi^atog dnixttQiy, . SM Ztvg S KanstdliXiog ntgl tSii< 
ifitpvXtov ndXsfjtov ivBngvia&fi.xal dt^tp^dQij, Xav^- 
Mvovatv iqi^Xxdfitvot xal 'nagadisx6fiSVot d6$jig nd'^- 
viigdg inofiivag.totg Okdfiaatv. totto 8* ovj^ ffxt^a' 
nsnSi^&ttatff Ai/{ffttt6$nBQl td .tifi&ftBVct^tSp S/bwi 
"MXfivtg pi» ydq Iv yt toi>iotgliyovaiv ogBGg xul 
vofiiQovaut, . Ug6v: \i(pgodetyic SSdv Hvaitfjv n$gt^ 
atfgdP, xal t6p dgdxovta tfjg Idd^v&^, xal t6v x6^ 
gaxa to^ ^An6tkwjog, \ xal t6v xiiva, t% ^A^pitbog,^ 
&g Evgtnidfig' ** 

'J^mig iixaXtipt ^pjVHiiji^qvxi^ 



DE ISIDE ET OSiaiDE. 67 

Alyvsnlm 9i ol noAAp* &t^un9vortig aita t» Suir, 
xai ntQtiTfortis ^ ^ioiiSf ov/iXmog fidwpv^ av^< 
xltvaafiou, HOjajimXiiitaai tdg U^v^yiac' <uU«i 
TOVTO i^s d^sltijgiag iXfyt<n6p iamiax&y <^oS»# 
ifiipv^ta* ittr^, toifg fiiv da&tvtiig hoI dttditovg b$9^ 
uxQajop vniQsinovaa t^v diuHdaAftoplap f toig^^SL 
dgtiAVtiQotg, xal ^Qaavti^oig ^ d&iovg ifinintov^' 
aa Ttal &fjQtfadfig XoyMftoifg» j^ ual nfQitoiftm ta 
flx6ta difl&uv ovH dvdQfA!oat6v iatt. 

LXXII^ T6 \fiiv yjig ng Tovttf td ^fia Teu; 
d^ovg t6v Twpiiv» dsiaavtagfittapalnv, cSovdh 
noHQVTttovtagiavtoifg a^fiaoiv tfiHw xo» nvvSivHxd' 
UQaHtiiiv, naaav vmqninatx» ttgat^Lav nal fiv&o^ 
Xp^v Hal t6 tatg if^vxaig^tanf ^v6rtw oam 
diOfiivovatv , ^lg tavta fi6va yiveaSat tiJk naXiyyt» 
vtaitKV, ofioiag aniatov. lutif ds fiovkofiivwf noU'- 
ttxfjv tnra Xiyftv ourtiav, ol fiiv^OatQtv iv t^ />>/«% 
(Ff^Tia tpaatv ilg ^ie^ nolXd diavtifiavta' t^v dit^ - 
vHfiiv, iX6xovg xal idlttg ^JSkXviVixSyg xaXovatv) im* 
Cf^ dovvai ifo6fiogffia niiaiv, iov Ixaatov t^ yivM^ 
t&v avfvt^fi^ivtm Uq6v y^viq^i, aal /dfuov. oi di 
toigvatgQOv fiaaiXkig, ixnXi^hvK ^vata tmv noXo" 
uiw^ • iv taig fidxaig imtfmvta^m dffQimv xiivaag 
nQotofidfHal dQyjjffig nf^ttt&sfiivovg* dXXot 6i tw > 
Hitvmtiva xe^ navovQyurvfitifitXitiv UnoQovatftov^ 
^yyntlovg ^taf/ta\^6vta t$ ^ fiBv ^van noifqiov^f 
««2 ^q6^ f^mtfipXi^v Httl mwtfgtafi^y dSu^^iov^oy" . 
Tffg, aficixov Si xal Hvgxd^txtov vno Jt^^vg dv^ 
vautv iv t^ <fvii^!fif^v^v xul Ho^onQay^ hXP^ag, 



gS PLVTAaCHi 

S&kov uitoi^ iynataanalqai, JiB^rfadstaidtxifin* 
vlaitf diaqfo^g €inavotov ngdipacrtv. iwy ynQ'&fi- 
giariS nQogitaS$y alkoig aXla Tt[iav 9tal aipta&a^, 
dvafovwg xeri nolifAtti&g tikiriloig ngogipeQafiivajiv, 
xdi zgotp^v itiQav htigmv ngogiea&ai ntqiVx6t(ay, 
afiivovttg atl tolg olkHotg ixaatot, ital ;ifa287rto$ 
ddtitovfiivfov 4f>iqovttg, ' iidv&avov taig imv ^ijQiiav 
^X^QOug ffvvihtdfievoi ual avvexnolffiovfKvot T^^g 
dXXfiXovg. fidvoi ytig m vvv AiyvTttiav jivxonoXt* 
taif ngipatov ia&iovaiv, intl Hal Xvxog, ov &t6w 
vofUHownv 61 m *0!ivgtfyxitai^ad^ Vf^ag, twyJCu- 
ponoXn&v tdv o^gv/xov Ix&vv iad-iovtonv , xifrag 
avXXa^6vt9g%al'&haavng,'&g Uguov xatiqtayov, i% 
te toitoy xataatdvttg -eig niXsfiOV, alXrfXovg n Sis^ 
^xav xaitcig, ita} vatfgov'Vn6*Pmfiaim xoilaidjift- 
voi duti&Tjadv, 
- • LXXIU,, HoXXmvds Xfy6vtwv sigtavtatd^HJi 
t^v tov Tvq>Sivog ctvtov $ingaa&ai yfVx^v, alvittf^ 
aO^a^ dd^ttsv av^fivdog, oti naaa (pvoig dXoyog 
xal '&rigt&idfig tijg tov xaxov ddtifiovog yiyovi fidi^ 
gag, xaxflvov ixfifiXiaadfiivoi xal nagijyogoWtfg 
nfgUnovat iatita xap &fgan6V0Vatv av SinoXvg 
ifjtnintfi xalxoiXfndg avxfidg, indywv vnfgpaXX6v» 
t(og ^ v6aovg oXe&giovg rj avfnpogdg SXXag nagaXd* 
yovg xal dXXox6tovg, tvta tvtv tifioifiivm ol ifgtig 
dndyovng vn6 ax6tovg fistd attanijg xal ^avxiag, 
dTtttXovai xal dfdittovtat tong&tov,av d* inififivyf, 
xa&tsgovai^ xal a(pdtJovaiv, mg d^ tiva xoXaafiOV 
ovta Tov daifiovog tovrov, jj xa&agfi6v SXX&g ftiyav 



DE I5«)E ET OSUUfiE. 69 

hu,ft$ylototg* xa} ydg h Elh^dviag n6lit-^ittv%m 
dv&Q4»7iovg xatmifAnqatsaVf ^ Man&CDg caTo^igxf^ - 
Tvq>mlovgji^aloiinies,»alrivji(fgav avjwv Xtxnm'' ^ 
ttg r^vtSop Htd diianstQor» uild jovio niv iSgii' 
To ipavBgi^ nal. xa^ iva naigov iv talg xvvuaiv /j- 
ui^tg^' aH di tav Tt/ieo^Voiv ^m xa^tfQHfa^tg 
wto^^Toi xal XQ^^otg dtdxTOisngdg t/x av^nintov^ 
%»,y4v6fiiya$j Toitg noXXovgXav^dvoyat,. nX^v otav 
ru^g bjiiaat, • xal ' Ttav aXX&v dvaduxvvvug lyia 
amvTiap naq^vTmv avvtftfidXmaiv , oiofitvot lov 7u« 
ifmvog dvTtXvmtv xal xoXovtiv t6 rilidfitvor, 6 ynQ 
^{gdoxHfiST oXiyavuXXav UQdgtlva^ rov ^Oai" 
(ftfdog' ixiivcihds Ta TtXilaTa nQogvifiQvai. xuv d- 
lafing^ 6 X6yog ovTpg, ai}fiaivHv yiypvfiat t6 ^ijtou- 
mpov iju,'T&v ofioXoyovfjiivtav xal xoivdg ixQvxm 
rdg Ttfidg. oi6v ia-nv tl3ig xal liQa^ xal xvvoxiqta' 
XoSr avTo^ 6-A7Hg, oStod d^ yaQ t6v iv Mivdtiti 
T^yov xaXovaU' 

JLXXW. jisinsTat di 5ij t6 XQitutdfg xal tu 
avfitfioXtxov, (ov tvka '^atiQOv; noXXti. d^ dftcpolv fiB^ 
riax*i^^' fiovv fikv ovv xal n^patov xal Ixvsvfiova 
S^lov Stt XQ^'^^ Xvsxa xalw^sXiiag iTifiriaav ' c!^^ 
ji^fivtoi xoQvdovg^ tu tuv diisXdj^(ov svQiaxovxag 
md xal xdntovTagr OsaaaXol is nsXagyovg, oxt 
^oXloig oipstg T^g y^g.dvadtdova7}g.int<pav£vug itdy- 
J^aar anavrag' 5^6 xal vofiov t^svTo qisvy^iv, o^tg 
Sp dnoxTsiv^ nsXoQyoy» danida di xal yaXtlv xat » 
$td¥&aQOv, slxdvag Tivdgdv aviolg dfiavQdg, Sgnfj^ 
iv arayQQtv ^Xiov, tSs twj/ ^mv i^vvd^tag xattdpy- 



70 PLVTARCHI 

tki' t^v liiv ydq yetliivtji noXkol vofitJ^ojHrt xtA 
IsYOVtn Mardid ovj dxBVOfiivtiv ^ ja Bs atdfunt xi^ 
xTovaav, ifftaafia iijg toO l6yov-y9viatatg ilvai • 96 
Ss Hav^dgoiv yivog o^h fjt^r &^XHav, ^^^Bvag §i 
ndvtag dqnivai i^v yovov bU tijv Ofpaigonoiovfie» 
VTiv vXijVf Tiv xvXivdotatv idvTbfiddfjv &^oifvtfC, «f- 
ksQ dou6i t6v ovQav6v 6 ^Xtog iqtovvavilov mQt^ 
atQiq>Btv, avtdg djio dvafiav inltdg •dvatoXdg ^e- 
QdfMvog. danlda ds, &g dy^Q(a xal XQ^f^vfjv irtiii}- 
asaiv dvoQydvoig fitt svTUttiag xal vyQ6tfitogti^Q^ 
ngogdxaaav. 

LXXy. Ov fifjv ovde 4 XQOji6d$tXog atilag 9M- 
&avijg dfioiQOvaav la/ijxc ttfi^r; dXXd ftlfitifia &B0f6 
Uystat ypyovivat, fjtdvog ftiv ayX^aaoc^Sv. (patv^g 
yaQ 6 &siog X6yog djtQogde^g iatt, xal d^ df6<pav 
. paimv xsXbV&ov xal dixrjg td &vfitd ayu xaift ^- 
xfiv, fi6vov 8iq>aatv iv vyQ^ Staniafiivov tngatffttg 
viiiva XsXov xal dtaq^avij naQaxaXvnttty ix to& pm» 
iimov xatsQxofiivov , cS^rs pXinstv fifj pXsTt^fiPvov, 
o TO) TT^Toi &s^ avfipiprixsv. onov d' dv ri &riXHa 
tfjg X^Q«S dnotixfj, toifto ^siXov niQag iniatutat 
tijg av^fjasfog ysv6fiBvov. iv fjyQ^ yaQ ov dwdfit^ 
rat, n6QQ0i 8s xpopovfisvai tixtstv, ovttag dxQtfi&g 
nQoaia&dvovtat to ^iXXov, tigti t^ notaft^ nQog^ 
'iXS^6vtt XQ^^^^* Xoxsvoftsvat ml &d^novoai, ^td 
9* &d ^Qa xaladQBXta g>vXdaattv, k&jxovta 8b 
i'ixTovaiv * xat toaahtaig rjfiiQatg ixXinovat , xal 
toaoltovg Xmatv ivtavtovg ol fiaxQAtatov IS&vug, o 
t&v fiitQoty n^tai6v iatt totg nsrii td oiQdrta n^Qn^ 



BE ISmE ET OSnUDE. 71 

Hirny, n$^l (iiv lov »vy6g tt^fftui ng6o&tv * , 17 ^^ 
tfitg- mnoxnivovaa jih xa ■ &apaTfi(p6^a tup i^m- 
wr, idiia^s ^f^Trj nBmfiOTos latQixov ;r^c«(xy xii> 
^Mrwe, 6^199 nXtiSoftinir xal na&aiQOfMivtiv v(f 
kavi^g, el di rofiiftmTafoi t&v U^f»v Ko&dgmoP 
Hioitg &yv4ffAW0i kafilidvovaiv, o&ivVfitgmnwsv, 
m/ nlv€i:ydg'fi voawdtg, rj mq^agfAayfiivov , ovM 
ngdgtioi* tff^ei&y nod&v ^iaSdatt ngdg mlitiJAoiv 
nal ti gvyxog MnltVQOv ^mt^iymov, Iri di ^ 
imp- fiMvm nrtQ&v ntQl xd Atvxa noixtlla nal ui' 
l^ ifupdivit atX^v^v dfifplxvqtov, ov dt%di-^av' 
pmSttv, «I yXiaxgag 4fiot6vrjjag ovttig^^ydnfiaav 
AlyvnTiOi. rxal^^EXXfivtg tv tt ygttmolg iv rt nXcc 
otMg, (txdafiaai ^t&v i^^g^aavto noXXoig toiovtoig, 
oSsy iv Kg^tff ^ftdg fjv ayaXfta ft^ txovixa' t^i 
ydg a^ovii xal %vgUa ndvtm, ov9tv6g dnoittv 
n^fo^^t. t^ ds i^g U^fivdg, tbv dgdxovta0tidiag 
nagi&iiitt * toI Si i^g ^iipgoditiig iv "HXtdt, t^v xt^ 
Xdmiv, ^ tdg ptiv nag&ivovg g^vXax^g dtoftivag, 
9tuq ^di yafittaig outovgiav ml amnijv .ngtTtbvaav, 
^ di fol; JIoat(8mvog tgiaiva aiffi/ioX6r iatt i^g 
tginig zdigag,f}v &dXatta xatixtt ftttd tdv ovQavov 
w»i t6v diga tttayftivri, di6 xal Tijy dftq>tigijrjv 
»«2 tovg tgitttyag oxttag iv6fiaaav, oE di Jli^ff^ 
yigttoi naldgt^fioiig fial axiftata ^t&v iHiaftnaav 
ngogliyogiaig. r6 ptiv .ydg ia6nXtvgfov tgiymov, 
int^jwv 'A&fir&p nogvfpayivTJ naltgtjoyivttav , Sit 
tgtal na^iioig dn6 tmv tgtwv yaxvtm dyoftipatg 4i' 



72 PtVTABGfli 

af^mcw* T& datffUjtdXXciva, nsld-ova» Ji^gniiTH 
nal dinXoiuToig, fiopddog^ BQtp d», t^dvdd»%al 
tokliav' . dUf^v ds, liip tQW^a, tol^^yaQ ddutsipiial 
ddmlad-ai tia^ UXBij^naHvfiSQfioktfP^^tog, lo6- 
TijTt dUaiOP ip tiioij^ yiyovip * ^- dt naXov^iipfi Ta« 
zQauivgTdSixal tQidscovta, (Uytatog r[p OQxog, ^ 
ts&QvXXrii:M' xal ndofiog &p6^aatah twodQta» fzip 
d^iUay tm nq&tziav, tBoadqmp ds vfSiv mQioawf ^h 
t6.av:t6.avvu&6fLiv(av, dno-uXoiffiBVog. 

LOi-WLElntQ ovv oi (^OHiiic»tatoi.tav g)fAocF^ 
* q{m, v^ iv dtfiifxoig ital dafOfidTOig nqdyfiaaiv o^^ 
'y^ tov ^iiov 3taTid6vt6g.^Jilovp. dfuXeiP ovdev,ovi^ 
dtifidi^iv, 6U fijSiXXov oXofiai, tdiiv aia&avofiivai$jtal 
yivxtii^ ixovaai^ aal.nd&oq %al ri^og Mf^imoMi idid'» 
tfiiag xaid t6 .«^^o^. dyajtriUov ovv oi.tav.ta,t9^ 
fifivtag, dXXa did toiitcuv to.d^slov, &t lya^/coTs^y 
iadmQfav xal (ftfjasi yeyovditov, &g oqyavov i^^TBXVff^ 
dd tov ndvta xoofiowtog ^soJD vofiiisLV xaiU^. 
u^io» Ts findkv iipvxov ifiifKV^ioVi fit^i* dvahQifto» 
ftla&avofisvov hqsJttov slvaK' fi^d' av^ t6v avfi* 
navxd , Ttg, xQva6v ofiotf^ xat OfidQaydov tig Tauid 
ajDfi(poQiiatj. ovft iv jt^piicxT; yoQ, ov6* iv ax^aanfy 
ovd^ iVyXsi^triouf iyylvstai t6 Miov , dli^ dTifioti^ 
QO-m sxii vsxQiav fiolQOif^ oaa fi^fistiaxs, fifjdi fis^ 
XSi>v Tov ifi\ ni(ppx(v, 4. ^ i&aa xal jSXinoVaa xal 
3ii^:7iasiag dQx^vJl^ avTijg tx<^vaap xal yvikfiv olxc/iuy 
xul dXXoTQlctVf (fif^iSt . aXXoig >tt tanax^ dnoQQOrfP 
xal fiolQav cx. tov (pQoViOvrTog, onoagjnifieQvatai t6 
jOfiTtav 'Mii>* 'llQdnXuTOV, o&sv ov x^^QOv iv toi- 



DE laiAE ET OSIRIDE. 73 

dfifiiovnfyrifittair, S gf^OQtxg fiip 6fjud(ag ds/sta» kttl 
ijuX9^^^Sf^ vtla^^iamg .ds ndarig ipiaHxa^ avvia^wg 
iaTiQfjfHH^. Tti^l fdr ovr %Zv JiMUffiivm ^iuoi¥TuivTd 
doMif^d!^ fidktattt twv liyofiivoiPi 

UCXVII. ^ToXnl di ui fiir "latdog, mutiXai 

tmg fiaij^tttg' imgl ydg vXr^v r^' ^vvafitg dvt^g, 

mufti»yivofiivi^v-ml dixofiivrjv, tpwg, OK^tog: rifii^ 

^v, vikttt' nvg, vde9(f ia^v, &dvtttov' ^^tjy,, 

t£lBvti\v) ^'d*^Qalifi(iog ovx sx^t aMidVj.ovdi TtoiTttl' 

fi^v,, cAXd Sv anXovv 20 ,<pajtost8ig' ttxgaxov^fdQ rf 

dgj^9i,^%ttl dfiiyig to^jiqShov xa» voritiv» o^ev anoi 

T«ui«( dvttltt^vtfg, dnoil&Bvttti uttl qtvXdtiovatv, 

toydg V09jt6v ddqatov xo« diffavatovf^tolg.d' *Iata* 

xoig jtf^yTtti nQU.diitg, iv XQV^^ vdq ^td ala&r^xd 

tu^kft^oxii^tt ovja.noXXdg.dvttntvi,tig. xoti.'&itt^ ov* 

%iv SXXpt aXXag . dfui/iofiivotv di^aiv/ ri di rotf 

voiitoifi,iittl ilJuxQjfifovg xal aylovvdfiatgj &gn€g d- 

aiQontii dtttXdftffittaa, tjj.iffvxp dnaSnoTi d-tyiivxat 

ngogiiklv i nttgiaxf' ^^<^ xal JlXdTOiv xaljiQiatoti' 

X^g inomtxdv tovto t6 fiigog Tijg tpiXoaoq>ittg Ma^ 

X9vatP, «tff^ oi td do^ttaTd ual fitJttd xal ndvTodomd 

tttvta nttQttf^^dfuvot t^ Xdytiy, ngdg io^nQmov 

ixi7yo Kttl jdnXo'/^» Httl uvXov-i^kXovtttt, Mttl ^fyoT' 

tig.:dXX(og. tr^g mQi ttvtd xa&ttqdg dXti&eiag, oiov 

ivTsloi,^ tiXog i%uv qnXoaoqilttv vofiiCovat. 

LXXUX. J^l.tovto ojmg oi vvv itgng^ dtpoat* 
ovftivot xalnagaxttXvTtToiievoi fin tvXtt^zidg VTto- 
driXovatv, mg 6 drtbg ovxog ugxH ical puaiXtiii iiav 



74 PLVTAaCHI 

jedfpTiK^UiP f oix lUfflg iSy tev uttXoVfMPov naf 
%'Uijtf(y abov wx» nMjmog , uyvoohftivov , onmg 
dXti^ig iau,di$izaqdtTet rovg nollovg{f^poo^yMg 
iv y^ %al vnh y^vxhv it^v )ra* oo^ov itg aUfimg 
''Ooiqiv oUtilv, onov td owi^atot xghntsteu t&» tikog 
^Xstv doxovvtw^ 4 6* IffTi fdv aiidg- dnmtdtio iijg 
yrig axqoLvtog nut dfilavtog nal xa&ag&g ovaiag i^ 
nda^i (pdoqdv dsxofuvfjg xal d-dvatov. dv&^ni»v 
ds iffvxalg ivtav^ol fdv vn6 oo^/^dtm nnX na^mv 
mqi^ofiivaig ov%%ati jutovala TOVM^sot)» nUfv 
oaov ovilqatog dgjiavqov ^iyuv fo^au '8id ffiXo&o^ 
qtiag» otav d* dnoXv&siaai fifitaat&OiV ng t6 dti" 
dig ual d^Qatov xal dna^ig xal dyvhv^ «t/rog av- 
talg iysfjwp iati xai PfxatXevg 4 ^$6g, ^^vij/ieVflM; 
&g dv dn otvtov xal d-mfUvaig dnla^tng xal A«- 
&ohaaig ib a^ ^ai^y., f*f}di iritov dv^qutnoig xdh^ 
Xpg* ov T^y laiv4 7taXai6g dnoqidivti X6yog iqiaaap 
dsl xok dtcixovaav xal ovvevaav, dvamfjmXdvai tvt 
ivtav&a ndvxmr imXiHV xaldya&Stv, oaa ytviotmg 
futiaxflits, tavta fuv ovv o^xtag l/fi i6v fidXta-m 
^iolg nqinovta X6yov. 

LXXX. ^JSi di dsi xm nsql i&v ^VfnoifUvaav 
^f/tigag ixdaTtig slnitv, Sgntg vnsax^fMiv, ixuvo dia^ 
vofi^Hti tig n^ttqov,4ig dn fiiv ol av6^g ivanov^ 
$jj fKyiatfi tii^evtm td nQ6g vyiiav imtfidfVfAata, 
fidXiata de tatg isQovQyiaig xal talg dyveiaig ««• 
diudtaig oix tjtt6v iatt tovtl toI; 6aiov t6 vyiwdv* 
ov ynQ toovto xaXbtg tx^iv ovis aetftaaiv, ovt9 yfv- 
itfoci^ iinovXoig xal roawdiai ^fgamvHV t6 xa&ag^v 



DEISIDEETOSIRIDE. 75 

*al afilapi^ ndp-ni xal dfilavtov* iml roivvv 6a^^, 
ta nlBiata ZQ^fie^a nal avvwfitv, evx del r^y ai- 
trjv ^x^i dtaStatv xal x^aiv, dlkd vinttig nvnvov^ 
nr» %al nUln tb a&fia xal avvdye^-^fjv yfvx^v ti^ 
t6 dva&vfiov xal mq>govT»x6g , olov dxXviohi ytvO' 
fdvfiv ket» paqtiav, dvaawvxtg tvS^vg im&VfjitCMH 
(ritlvfiv, &9gantiov%tg xalna&dlgovtBg tdvdsqat^ 
bmnghti, xal i6 avfjiq>vtov i^ a&fiati Ttvtvfia fMt'' 
ua^afdvoV'mva^i,nl^9vttq, ixoharig t» tl^q 6afi%g 
eqtod^v xal xatanXrixtix6v. dv&ig M fnatipili^ttg 
(ua&ct§f6ptvoi aff^dqa noX^v tial ^agttav dva&v* 
fiiaa$V'dn6^^gthcifvta pla ibv ffliov xa\ nataftt" 
yviorta tm di(^, ^vjv afxlqvav im&Vfitmu iiailH 
ydg '^ S^tgfi6ttig nal aHldv^ai i^nvviatdfttyov ivr$ 
nBQtixovtt ^o/lf^^y na} IXvmdtg, ital ydq ol mxt^ 
nq6g td }ioi.fitjtd nd&fi fiofj&tlv doKovai (j^ya noX'- 
If^v notovvttg mg Unihvovaav i6p mga. XtntvPtir 
6i fiHttov, idv tvtidfi ^iXa uali&aiVi ola nvnaQlttov 
ttu di^uti^ov xo* mvHfig. Tditgiava ym>v t6v latg^v 
ivld&^vaig vn6 t6v fiiyav hftft6v tvdoHtfiijaabM'' 
yovas, nvQ xeXtiovta nagaxtitUiv TO*g voaotfatv* 
wvfian ydq ovk oUyovg, llgtatotiXfjg di iptiat xal 
fjAqwf ntml dv&itnf xal Xttfmvtav tvtadttg dnonvdlag 
ovn $Xattov Bxttv rot ng6g -^Sovijv i6 ng6gvytiav, 
ipvxg6v tivta qiian^ xal naytmBfi t6v iyxiqiaXov 
rigifia tfi &tQfk6xfitt xa\ Ufidtfitt dto^toifaag, tl 6i 
xid tiiv aptifgvav nag Jiyvntiotg SdX xaXovmv, 
i^tgfifivtv&iv di tovto fidXtata q^gdj^tii^g kfgiamg 



76 PLVTARCHI: 

BiiaxoQm(jft6v , huv ^v xa» toSio- fux^tVQicnffj JU»^ 
^ Tv^ «if Ax$ didfotnvi • 

ffyMy avvxidtfxiifw iatl, jiiUjo^ xal otvov ttal ata* 
qddog^l^vjtsQOV', jQfiTi^g tb ital a/it)^V47^y«4 d* 
anali^&ov ital amfiXBoiSr c^ ^^ axivovte xal uatpaX» 
xov^xoil d^vov xai XanAdoVf. nq^g di lovtotg, ix^-* 
HW&idmf ufAq)0%V'{&p ti}v f«ey, fAfiiftva, T^vdi, 
aXatwva^^talovqt) tml. xa^dafimf^ov xo» xahxftov^ 
owtLdwtai d^ ovjc oJtfog stvxev, dUa y^afifiajm 
UqSiv xotq fAVQtiffolgi otav tavtafityvvioawi dvayt^ 
PuoitOfjUvmv, tov d^ dgt&fi^v, d xalTtdvv doxii-Ts» 
tQdyfovosdhd tttqayvfvovi %al ft6vog ix»v t6v iot>v 
iaduig aQi^ftidv tw x^gi(jf ttiv mgifutQov Vaf^v dya*' 
yia,&ai nqogfindvttog, iXdxta^a ^iitiov tXg yz T0^<o 
avvsgytXv, dXXa ta nXsitata totv avXXafifiavofUvtWr 
dgmfiatiTtag txovta dwdfittg, yXvKV^nvtvfia xaijt^i^-v ^ 
at^v fi£&kiatv ivadvfdaatv, vq^ i^g o t9 dijg tgt* 
n^ftivog ital to 06»^« dta tiji Tivoijq HtvovfM^vov Xtimf 
*tt4. ngogtivwg vnrovta* xai xguaiv inayuyov Vaxa^. 
xttl td XvTgjigd xal avvtova t&y fit^fifitgtv&v tppoih' 
ti4(0P%tvsv fii&rjg, olov Sfifiata x^^ ^ai dtaXvu- 
xal t6 (pavtaaTMdv xal ihxttxuv 6vtig(0v fi6qtov, 
wgmg ixdtontgot^ dnoXstdvsi', ^l notsl xa&ag(btS' 
QQV,' . ovSiv fittov, ff T« x^oi^^Ta tijg Xvgag, olg 
iXQ&vto ngb tmv ^nv(ov ol JIv&ctydQsiot, to iftna- 
^ig xoti.dXoyov t^^ yfvxijg iisTttfdovtsg ovto» xal 
&$^(intijovttg^ .,td ydg oa^pgavtd noXXdxtg fdv Tj)y 
ara^i^aiv dnoXsimvaav dvaxaXsttai , noXXdxtg dt 



DE 151DE Er OSIAIUE. 7? 

aoifiati t&p dvaXiafittTOiiV VTto XtiotrfTQg* ugnf (^iyio^i 
rm^ iawQmf rov vmov iyyhia&ai Uyovatv, otav { 
t^ r^o^ijg dva&vfiiaaig olov t(}novaa' Xsiw^ mQt 
xd tmkqjfx^a, xai yniXaip&aa noiji uva yaqyaXi^ 
afititf. Tia dk 4wq>i x^Strtai, nal nofiaxi xorl x^dfia* 
Ji * n&vdfuvov yaQ doMiX xd ivtdg xa&aiQSiv, uoi^ 
llag jiaXaMJtxov ov, avtv di joiftfav, ^jivt} fiiv 
iojn^i-^Qyov ^Uovnal afivgva nQog j^v siXfiv*j£)> 
ifmt&v iHdaxQv6vjm, j&v ds jd Hvqn awji&ivjtav 
tanv a vvwtl zaiQSi fidXXov, wgntQ oaa nvkvfiaai 
^fVXQWi xff» aniiaig xa\ dQdaohg-xal vyQ^ffai T^f« 
a&ai napvHtv, intl lo Jtjg rifiiQag q&g tv fUv- iatt 
val dnXovv (leai rdy ijXiov 6 JlivdaQog ^Qoa&ai 
ipriaiv iQ^fifig 9t al&sQog) 6 ti vvxuQiv6g diiQ x()u* 
ftm Mal avfiftiyfitt mXX&v yiyovz if&jm xal dvvd-^ 
fi9m.y oiov amQfi&im dg Bvdno navjdg dajQOV 
xam^t^vjmv. tlndjfog ovvixuva fUv, &g anXu 
7im&'dq^*'^Xiov Tyjv yivtaiv ^oyia, dt ^fiiQog, javja 
^' mg^ fUKtd mal navjodand ralg not^ir^tv, aQxO' 
fUvffi ifVHj6^inUhifti&oiv. 



78 PLVTARCHI 



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nitav, ivhvxov nQiit^v, S JiMuld^x^S Evi^nldiiP 
oVnai 7tQ()g ^AQX^laov einur * 

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dvraiTHv ofioia naqd Tolr laft(Sav6vT(ov» iya yovy 
7tQ6g of, y.al 3id as, Totg.avT6&t (piXotg twv itv^* 
xav }.6y(av Iriovg, ^gjisg dnaqxdg unoatilhoiv, p^io- 
loyai ngogdoxffv hsQovg^xal nksiovag x«* ftfXTiovmg 
naQ vfjia)v, aie ^i} xoi jf6kHXQf»i(d9KxivftsydlfjyUwl 
^XoXng ftdXXov iy /SiftXi^ng ^oXXolg xal navTodomv^g 
diuTf tftiug fvnoQoifVTm, 6 6^ ovv qiiXogUnSlXw 



DE EI APVD DELPttOS. 79 

ioua rag pifmQi t6f fihp wtogiag T&G&m yial Siu-' 
kvstpf ^fuanifwv to»^ jf^cojusVof^ » Ttxg di ne/^l i6p 
l6yo9 avTdg ipii»atnai n^^aXkttP tta tpvati fpiXo» 
a6<p^ i^g yfvxijg, oftihf ifmot&v aytaydv inl riv 
ttH^tav, Ag SkXotg r9 nokXotg 9ijk6v iati nal rjj 
nBqlroMhii na&u^iHfet, rovt& yd^ Mtdg ov xatix 
tvjpjv, ovd* olov dnomkii^v-r&v ygafiftdtnv fi6vop 
iv liQOtdi^la naqfi t<a •&9^ ytviad^at, xal ka^Hv d" 
vaBvfftatog rti&^ Ugov xal d^idfiotog' dXX* ij di' 
vmfnv-avrov^xattd6mag ididv xal^nQtttrlv, ^ avfi^ 
^oXna xQ^fiivovg ngdg^ ii8g6v ti tmv d^mv anovdijg 
toiiiv dqx$'n%i^ rhv 'S-i^v <p*koao(p7iaavtag,ovt<og 
nqooio^au. noU4ing &6v aUott rdv k6yov iv 7^ 
axokji. nQofiaMfli^vop^ iHnkli^ag d^fifia nal naqik" 
^Vf^Bvayxog.^hotm vii^if ikij^&rjv iivoig rial 
avfup^tifjiovfitvogf ovg tv&^ ix dthp&v dnaiQUV 
fiMovnigy ovn ifv ivnQBnig ytagdytiv, ovSi nagat- 
tikfSm^ .ndvimg dtiovaal rt nQO&VfiOVftifovg. ^ 
di xa^itfag ntQl }t6v vtclrVi rd fitP- avtdg ^QBdfiriv 
dirtlVf tdd^ ijctivovg iQmnv, ifnd rov^r6nov xal 
twif kofviv. avt&p^ & ndkat^noti xa&* ov xatQdv 
C3r«%»tf PfiQVkv, ^^oifatff^v Ufifitiiviov xal timr 
ttkJimi dt^i6«mtPfivr^v&9Ct^^avr^gdn&Qiag.^^^ 
ifUttoohinifL 

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riipUKVtvff^ 4^iitt ndav^6Q^&g ^Q^g.ro^iftmv ovo- 
tidittp htaar^jtfiftthptiig ri&ia&m , Ka» dtManiiVi 
ag- oMwi^^ ia^^r^lgdif^ofiivoig rftai^ddvHv xal 
dianvv&dna&tii' ^J^ktog di tcoA ^Paiog, oh li^ 



MMtuTO, foig /*i} >m^v(td.mmvM6y0is ««liwtS^Hr^ 

aniQfiawg «mjtiifm»v* iv, «HM^fy^c 4Tta>^^>a^4 
TiTfil^^ mli^^g<:tJnevyrii:ml^i^ 

i{ix^ M^imel ji j^ii8iS/5o«^.i^vi4f*lfdfettf^ 



DEEIAPTDDELPflOS. Si 

mKml9uiS6ftit^i't^V'd6$a9f, ififiaii^png lovyo/ia Ti»r 
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nal, ffo M ^top ttal t^p^tjidoftop anonotovftipov^ 
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oiaiigiiSliiiPOP, stt hvp tm aotpSip attiovavp^ oix 
iiK^» aild ittnpip dpd&fifta ndptw yvifupap,. 

IV. 'Opdpovp *Aftfmpto9 ^avx^ dttftit^ittatP,. 
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SaMNb..vo^ iq>*i9QS^ mit^i^Jnk «^ ajhov^Xfy^im. 
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Iffi E£ avYB BELraos. 8:^ 

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tttdjiitvog, oUt aal nf6ki/BiP • • -'^ '/: 

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«jp<$«# )!«}< 4h«2«»TI««Tfl(TO$. 

'. o iViL «^ayao/iiyov d< foiS', &ccDri<(|. M^ai^mfoif 
^;^f|i«y 0^01 T^r fiTEiSrTo c&ims^ n^4^'*^^i^ 

;ti T^ liovtf^v iiuvdvffmimo^* ovt0£ ov^'^ ^^^ 
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j»in^iv$it,M^l noli^ /idAifffo ti^j!' xoilc!}!? xo» Ti^*«|', 
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vo m^at^ tbmtb itad4\m, pdootScl nwghat^t^ 
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sX&^ n^iomop Ttaqiaxsv, Ovd* i&/hj rd olxuOTvrt 
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TQOgdnov, strti i^i ti xal tffiatg XsXsrroi tw mQ) 



o 



' BE El APTD DELlPSOS. 87. 

upiov 7iQtvftloiawa(i^ W/ttv* lU iftvtov Tt^afttfv. 
<Sg ydQ^.ip{f(fig^XalSwaa nfghy h ani^afi ftuT^ 
Xfufftirfl, 9rdlX» fiiv ii^ ptat^j/fflu <sxht^ata itat *?%! > 
9i top inl tiXpg- iidyti to l^or, im TMOidi nv(jvv 
ttridki^v;anodoZ'aa%^y vlQZfiy iv i^ ti)fH ro^ nm'-^ 
T<fe* i^tei-mv^XotnS^^agi^fiuv otav aitovg noi» 
laT^nttiQaaiv ^ ttiQOVg^' ttlEvtfiiivtav tS a^Hof^». 
iHvefg^-S Tt^i^^^lkTS ual f^ yiV^fAtvog toOavtoMig ai- 
tovg ^vlva(f>i^ova* 9ca\ dvaat^ovM, k^dmg ynq tii^ 
^,'t0tixovTa^, %aVmvxdyttg id nivts,, tlxoatnivtt- 
yivttat, Ka} naXiv 6 ftiv twv tSSnai. t^to noulf 
jtal fkovaxcig aii6g d<p i^vtov*tttqptfaivog y*v,6ftt' 
vog' 'tff^Skmtvtdit nal Tot/jo ftiv avftfiifliint katd 
natvnXaaiaaftdv , Hifogdi id xatd apv^tatv l«v- 
T^r, ^ dk^dda Tiontv naQa ftigog intptxXXoiarig ai- 
tfij, xa^TOvTo ylvta^av ftiiQi navi6g, dnfiftiftovfti'- 
vovTav dgi0ftov t^v td oXa dtanoOftovaav dgxil^, 
i^dq' itiilv^v ^vkdtrovaav inuiv iavtrig t^v j«J- 
aftaVf ix'dB tot xdgftov ndXiv dv kavt^v dnottXttv, 
nvg6g' t dvtafttiptq^ai ndvtu , t^rialv « ^UqipiXti' 
TO^y nal fiiiQ andvtm, wgntg xQ^^aotr xQ^fif*ta,,xai 
XiHfifidtm X^d4g* o^^mg ^ t% TrH^rd^o; nQog eav- 
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v^v Tii^vxtv, dXX* ^Qiaftivag tx^t ftttafioXdg- v^:»^ 
avT^v fl ti^v dsxdSa ^ivta^, 'tovtiativ, ^ t6 olmtQv 
f[ t(^ tiXttov.» 

IX, *Zdv ovv tQ!fitdi tig, ti tavta ng^g t6vUr 
n6XXpiVti, ^oafttv,oixt ft6vov, dXXn %a\ ngdg t6v 
Mwaov; ^twv JtX^wv ov9h ^rtovri tfldn^X" 



i^fifop dfmgfjtiviQ .yvthfAiis koI Id/ov finttfiiM^ 
ktviov jf^^svfK,. SlloT^ f$iv de m^ «i^^v^ v^^&^ 
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fOis ^i^v^fit^o^y&gfiyBWi yyy itdaftof, ^ro/Mc^era* 
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^aqdg ttras^ual dffittvufftoifs, ^al td$ dTtofiitaauQ 
^ xpi^ naXty/tviatas, oUtiatalsugfjftivaig ftttajhXiMQ 
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DE m APVD DELPIIOS. 90 

aiv, iig ToSio ri&irrag toif &fov tiJv inivom, ^i 
di vvv iv T« %ttXXiaim •mp irvTtviwv r6v ^tdv ovtt" 
goTioXovrttg, iytlgoifisv uttl TiixQttMaloifjtty uvmjigo» 
TtQOSttyuv, xttl &iaaao-9ai Td vnig avrovg xa^ 11)9 
ovalav rifiav di Mal zriv Blx6va rrpfde, 9tal aipt" 
Ox^ai t6 mgl aviTiv yovifiov, &q uwai6v iauv ai- 
adijTM vot}tov, xttl fftgofjiivtii fiivovtog, eftqtdasig ti- 
vdg x€u litiwXa dlakdfinovaav dfxtaayinmg trig niQl 
ixhivov iviisvefag xal fiaxttQi6tr}tog, Ixatdastg b* 
ttvtov Xttl fitta^oXdg nvQ dqaivtog, tti avrov afia 
anaiaiv, wg Xiyovaiv, av&ig te xata&Xi/Sovtog, iv- 
tavOa xatatiivovtog ilg y^v xal ddXaaaav xal dvi- 
fjiovg xal £c5a xal td diivd Ttadiifittta, xal imiv 
xal(pvtwv, ovd^ dxoifttv oaiov t} toif noiritixov 
naiddg tatair (fiavXotBQog, fjv ixtivog IV tm yfttfid^a 
uvvttdsfiivrj xttl dtaxsofiivfj ndXtv v<p kavtov nai- 
Sei na4,8idv, tavtrj mQt td oht /QWfiivog dti* xal 
tdy x6of40v, ovx ovta nXdtttav, tlt dnoXXvwv yi- 
vofiivov» tovvavxiov ynQ oaov dfiaayinwg iyyiyovt 
Tu xoa/it^y tovto avvdtl trpf ovaiav xal xgttttl trjg 
mQi td aatfjtattxdv dadtvtiag inl (fx^oQav (ftQOfii- 
VTfg, xai /t^i doxtl fidXtata nQog tovtov tdv X6yov 
dvtttattofuvov to Qiifta xa} fiaQtVQdfitvov, Jil 9)«- 
Vtti UQog tdv 0-tdv, »g ovdinott ytrofiivrfi mQi av« 
t6v ixatdaiOig ttal ftttafivXijg , dX£ ktiQta ttvl Siot, 
fiuXXov di daifiovk tiiayfAife^ ntQl tiqv iv (f^OQtt 
xal ysviati q^vatv tovto noulv xat ndaxttv nQogrj' 
Kov wg dfjX6v iativ dno tmv 6vofidto»v tvdv^, olov 
ivavtim ovtmv xal dvtt(f(»voiv. Xiyttat yoQ 6 fiiv, 

G 2 



^ / *i«3^' 







lOO rLVTARCHI 

^Aidomv^' itetl 6 fuv, ^Zfiogi 4 Se, ^n^riog* yat 
netQ* ^ fiiv ai MoZaai *al ^ MvfifJtoavvfj, naq ta 
di { Aiidfj xal { JSV<»7Tij * nal 6 fiBV Omgiog xaii 
^I>aval og^ 6 di Nvxt^g aidv&g atgyrjXold rs^TTtv^v 
xoiQavog * Mot $ fih 

Bgojoi^i &t&v $%&4alog anaiftiav'' 

nQdg oi' di HlvdaQOg ilgfjKBv, ovm dtidSic, 

KauHQidti, ^vaxolg dyavAtatog Bfiftcv, 
ihdTiog oii 6 EvQiJildfig elnev 

jtoiSal tiitvfSv q>&tfjtsvmf 

uioidttl, dg o xQvaojtouag 

\4n6kX(av ovh ivSixstai. 
nal nQOteQog €ti roi/tov 4 Stf^lxoQOg, 

Mdla tQi (fjidltatu) naiyfioai/vag fptkn ftoi^ 
nd^.ts UnolXfov^ 
KridEM t$ atowxdg t< jtidag eXaxf. 
^oqionXijg di xal t&v dQydvw ixatiQta nQogvsfnap 
titdtBQOV dtjXog iatt ikd tonjtm' 

Ov vdflXa nnxvtwaiv, ov XifQa <plXa, 
sta* ydQ&avX6g otffi xal nQtafiv itoXfifjas (pwvfjvitp 
ifiSQtdtatv dipiipat, rdf 9i nQ&tov xQoi^ov slXxsra 
jtQ&g td niv&ff, xal ti}v n$Ql,taTJTa avtovQyiav ov 
fidXa evtifiov, ovdi <pati^dy elx$v, $lt ifjUx&fi 9rat>* 
rdnaiTt. fidXiata di td &sta nQdg td 9atfi6vtw ai)y* 
Xiovttg , $ig taQaxfjy oivtoig xatiatfjaav. u4Un^ y$ 
t^ JEtd PvQ&i asavt6p soiui niog dvttxstu&at, uai 
iQinov ^tivd ndXtv &wn'^eiy. th fjtiv yoQ innXri&t 
xal as^aafi^ nQog tbv Stov, i&g Svta dtanavrogi 



I)£ PYTHIAE ORACVtlS. lo J 

n^O YTAPXOY 

nEPI TOT . 

MH XPAIN EMMETPA NYN 
THN UYeiAN 



BAJSIAOKABir, 



-tLani^ inot^aaTS jhn^Hav, & ^iUps, du» t&v 
dya&ti/idjm TtaganifAnoytsg %6» {sVoy. iyit ydff 
vjiS^ dvagjUmv dnfjyd^aa, 

^IAINOS. Bgadiotg ydq &Mofuv, dt Baad6' 
*Uig, ansiQovug X6yovg xal &sgiiovTtg (v&ifg fjitjd 
ftdxijg vnovloyg *ai noXtfAMOvg, wgmQ ol 2nagj(H, 
fikaajdvovtag ^fuvxal vnotpvofuvovgxajd Ti|y 6d6v, 

BAS.^Ejtgov ovv dtiiatt Jtvd naqaxaUtv jSav 
nttgaytyov6jotv, f) av /ioiXti x^qti6f/uvog r^fuv duX' 
&tlv, jivtg tiaav ol kdyoi, xal tivtg ol Uyovjtg; 

01 A. ^Efi6v, &g touuv, & BaaMxlttg,^ jo tgyov^ 
juv ydq aXXm ovdtvl ^diiag av iwjvxotg xajd n6- 
Uv, jovg ydq Tikiiajovg iHtqotv al&tg tlg j6 Kiaqh^ 
xtov jf iivf^ xal Tijy Avxovqiav avvavajiaivovjag. 



102 PLVTAIVCHI 

BAS,^M <piXt)&fdfimv tig ^fiiv Ttal mgnn^ qyh» 
Xrixodg iaxiv 6 ^ivog; 

flilA. 'PiXdXoyog ds nal <ptXofia&^g ian fi&XXov. 
QV fiiiv TajDroe iidXiaTU ^avfidiuv a^iov, alXd Tr^nr- 
dTfjg T8 noXXriv XP^Q^^ l^ovaor, xal td fidxtfiov xixi 
dianoQtytixdv vn& avviamg, oSts dvgxoXov, ovtb 
uvTitvnov nqdg rdg anoxqiatig •' «ffTP xal /?^«;jfiV 
avyysvdfifvov, sv9vg htisIv Tixog dyadov natgog. 
olad^a ydq Aioysviavdv dvdQMV agiatov. 

BA2, Avtdg fiBv ovK tldov , tu fPtXlvs, noXXoX^ 
ds ivtnvxrixa xal tbv Xoyov xal t6 ri&og tov «v- 
^Qhg laxvQwg dnodsxofiivwv, Ofjioia ds joiftoig sttQ» 
nsQl rov vtaviaxov Xiyovatv. dXXd iiva aQXfiV saj^o^ 
oi Xoyoi xal nQ'6(paaiVf 

II. ^IA. ^EniQaivov ol nsQitiyrital td avvTsttt- 
yfiiva, firjdsv rifimv fpQOVxlaavtfg dsfi&ivttav imts^ 
fAsXv tdg (riasig xal td noXXd toiv imyQafjfidt&w. 
tov ds ^ivov ^ fisv ISia xal to tsx^txdv tmv dvdQi' 
dptoiv fistQitog nQog^ysto, noXX^v xal xaXofv SQytav, 
wg soixs, &sat^v yfysvrjfiivov, i&ai)fAals de toC 
XaXxov td dv&rjQov, &g ov nivoi nQogsoixdg ov9iVof, 
fiaq^fj di xvavov atiX/iovtog, &ats xal nifjt^pai t* 
'71^6^' toiig vsdQxovg, {dn ixsiv(ov yaQ rjQXtai tijq 
&iag\ olov «Tfjifvw^ &aXattiovg ty XQ^^ *"^ Pv&i" 
ovg kat&tag. Aq ovv ( stpr{ ) XQaaig tig r]v xal tpd^ 
fia^ig tuv ndXai tsxvitav nsQl tdv xt^Xxov ; wgnsQ 
>! Xsyofiivrj twi' ^itpwv atSfimaig, rjg ixXsinoharfgixt- 
XSiQiav 60/8 noXsfiixSiv iQywv 6 x^iXxdg; tdv fisv 
ydQ KoQtv&iov, ov tix'vrj, dXXd avvtvxln tijg xQ^^^e 



DE PYTHTAE 01lAC^T.TS. 103 

laptivth xAXXa^, imvsifiafiivov TtVQog oly.loiv ^ov>- 
aav Ti XQV<^ov nalagyvgov, nXeiaxov ds xotXKov a- 
itoxBifAivov. mi' avyX'^^^^'^ *^* GwtanivtiaVyOvo^ 
fia %0v x^Xxov -Tw fjtiUQovi, xo nXiid^og naqioxev- o 
ds Oitav vnoXa§mv • *!4XXov (elqpi?) Xoyov 4ifi$lsinrj» 
xottfisv navovQyiattQOV w? avijq iv Kogiv&(^ x^^ 
xvtvnoq, innvxmv ^v^ji X(i^^*^'^ ^X^<^V ''^oXv,%ai 
dtdoixuig fpavtQog ysvia^at, xaxa. fiiXQOv dnoxdntfx» 
swi vnofuyvvg atgifiaraxaXxa, ^avfiaat^v Xafi^ 
ffdvovti xgaaiv , ininqaaxB noXXov diti trjv xp^av 
xal to xdXXog dyamhfi%vov. dXXd xal Talrrot xdxil" 
va ftv&6g iativ, tjv di ttgX&g eotxs ) fti^tg xal^g^ 
tvaig , wg jtbu xal. vvv dvaxtqawvvttg dqyiq^ XQ'^ 
adv , idiav tivd xal niQtttijf , ifjtol^ds giaivofiivijv 
vooMti xX<aqiitr}ta xal qy^^v dxaXXij naQixovai. 

U. Tiva ovv mtiav (Jkpri 6 /ltoytvtav6g*\ oXtt 
tifg ivtav&a tov Xfx^^ov xgoiag ytyovivai; xal 6 
Oiwv ''Oiav (tq»j) tuv ngmciiv^xal qjvaixmttt(09 
xal iaofUvfov xal bvtaiv, Jtvgdg xal yijg xal digog 
xal vdatog, . firidiv aXXq ta X**^^^ nXriatttirj, firids 
"OfttX^ nXrjv ftdvog 4 «jJ^ d^X6g iattv vn6 tovtov 
mnov&mg, xa\ did tovtov iaxTjXbfg ^v txst .diaqtO'' 
Qav dil avy6vta xa* nQOgxslftfvov,rj tinno fisvtjdfig, 
nglr Oioyvtv ysyovivat', xatd tdv xiafttx6v' f}V (5* 
sxGiv qfvaiv 6 drJQ, ji ts XQotfiSVO^ dvvdftst xatd ttig 
imfftavastg intxixQfnxs t6v XttXx6v Jnt&VfisTg fta&slvj 
ipiiaavtog ds tov //iqysviotv.ov • ^Kal ydq iydt, {sinsr^ 
«j TtaX* ^TftiufiSv ovv xotvjj xalng6tSQ0v, u /ioivXsi, 
9i ^v aUittv fidXtata tSrv vygmv dvaniftnhiaw fov 



104 FLTTARCHI 

towbjuw^oi yiq aito yn dtj nov t^ xaXit^nQo$' 
%QiPea&at tov lov, uta 8ii *a&ai^ip aitt^ 9tal afu» 
avtop nlnaMCorta^ OvSafmg , (elney i ftayiag) 
alXo 8* avT^ doxel TOi^TW td. atttop IndQz^af' ac- 
ntia ^tti^ ZrH,Mal xa^a^ Tial 8utvyii nqognvntwf 
o i6q, kuj^ifiatatds iativ, iv di tdig. alkotg vyqdi^ 
dtpayiSttat, %a} d. Oiiav Evys {unsv) w nal, nal 
ncOMg" OK^u 8i, $i jJoifXtt, naltiiv vn6 U^tato^ 
•Ukovg aitiav XByoidv^v, UXka fiovlofiat, thn* ^ifor* 
toivvv t&v fiiv &lkfov vygav imdvta 8dxnv a8^l»g 
9tal 8iaanUQBad^M tov i6v, uviofsdlav naiL fiovmy 
S^Toy. tov 8* ilaiov^ tijl nvxv6€iit& atiyta&m, nai 
8iaifdv€tv d&gotidfAiVOV, av ovv xa^ avtoi ti Totolr* 
fsov vno^ia&ai 8wii&Sft6v, ov navtdnaaiv dnog^» 
aoftMV i7U^8iig hoI naqafiv&iag nQ6g tijv dnoQiop. 

IV. 'Slg ovv ixeUvofjuv xal avvfxoiQovfisv , HPV* 
t8v dsQa tdv iv /isXipotg nvxvdv ovta xal avvsxij, 
xal tdvov $x^vta, 8m fijy vm6 tiaroQ&v dvdxXaaiv 
%ai dvtiQnaiy, m xa» 8fixux6v, Xsnt^v Hvat, &amQ 
fLUQ^ivQU xaltaTUQltdg niiffsigtQOipiig., iv8v6fuvov 
ovv %ijA. Xxsn6tfitog xal tifivovta t6v xaXx6v,: dva* 
^fOQdaaHV noXvv i6v f$ auTQv xal ysm8tj, atiysiv 8e 
tovtov av ndXsv xal niitsiv t^g nvxvdtiitog 8*dxv» 
aiv fifi 8t8oifaiig, %dv8B vipMtdfuvov avtijv 8id nXJj' 
^0( i^fxvdHv, xa\ Xaftfidvstv avy^v xorl ydvotfia m- 
qI tijv inupdvstav, dno8$Sufiivav 8i rift&v, 6 ^ivog 
txpii t^v hiQa$f dQxsiv vn6&tatv nQ6g^ T^y X6yov, *li 
8i AriTtftiTs (Igpi}) 8^i fUv vnsvavtiova&a& xal 
ir^^T^ i«j^^K7fwy(^Ta tol^ digog, Xaf*fidv9^ 



DE PTTHIAE OB4CVLIS. m 

tok y avtt tfifaymsivgi ahd^ yag y^ Utvt4>v .nt^^ 
laiovj^svog ^ X^^9 iuofjEVU mul (Zfdifigi, T^ylof^, 
ov { Ttvxvditig avvixovoa xa\ naxf^ovaa, tiohI iP' 
(jpavii dtfi t6 nX^&og. vnoXafiav di 6 Oiav, %i ya^, 
{ilnw) 01 livt, TimkifH %avt6 ilrai «a* Xtntbv nal 
nvnvov, Sgneg ra OTiQixd xal td ftiogtvu t&^ w^a^ 
a^dtfav, ^9' m ital^O/AfigogsIns' 

KaiQoaim J' o^ovoiv anoJLkifistat vyq^ tkatoXt 
ivlktxvv/itvog t^v dngl^stav nal Xmt4tfjta tqv /?- 
^pv^, T^ /i^. ngofj/iivfiv Td sXaiov, dXX^ dnoggsfr 
xal unoXia&aivtiv, trjg nVHvdtrjtog ov duiarig, xotl 
ftr)v ov fiovov ngoq tr^y dvaxdga^iv to& lov X^'i^f*^r 
to ttv t£ Xsm^tfitt tov digog, dXXd xal t^ X9^^9' 
aitTfV noiuv lb(xci^ ridiova nal yXavnotigay , dva* 
fityvyovaa t^ uvavM q>Sg itai avy^v, 

V. ^K teitov ytvo/A^i^g aiim^g, ndXiv ol nt^ 
Qtti/fital Tsgoix^^iiovto tdg ^%aug* XQV^f^^ ^i ^^ 
tog ifii^tgov Xtx^ivtog,. ol^ty n$gl tr^g jSlymog 
tov ^igyeiov (iaaiXnag^ noXXdxig l^i^ &avjiidaat tS^ 
eTuov 6 Atoytvwvbg, iv olg o\ xg^fJH^ol Xiyovtat^f^v 
<§avX6ir}ta xal f^v iVTilsiav» xaitot (jiovaiiyitifg p 
^sog, xal t^g Xtyofiivrig Xoyiotritog ovx rittov a^jq^ 
td xaXov,, rj t^g nfgl /icAif xai ^ddg xal svqKoyiag 
ustfivat, xal noXii thv 'Haiodav svsmiijt xal tav "0- 
ftrigojf ynsgq&iyysadair t6vg da noXXovg t&v xgt' 
ofim' qgwf^v xal tdig fiitgeig xal totg oiQ/iac^i 
nXfifJifisXsia^ xtA tf/avXojijtog dvctnsnXriafiivoijg. na*: 
Quir ovv li&ririi&sv 6 notritrjg Ssganif^v Ettp 
(^9^17) tavta td snrj tov ^soy niaiiiovisg stvat^ 



106 PLVTARCm 

j6 Sotafiov ovv ndXiv,, .mg Xijmai, xdXlH rtav *Ofiri" 
^QOV xal 'Hoi6dov Xfytev, 6d ;u^7j(Rj/U«doe lovtoig &g 
aQUJTtt xal xdXXiata nsnoitjfiiroig, ijiavoQ^&ovfitvoi 
jrjv avim xqlaiv nQOxaTSiXrififiiv^v vn6 (pavki}g 
avvfi^sldg, vnoXa/iojv ovv Sorj-d-og 6 yuafiiiQr^" 
[ola^a yaQ t6v avdQa fiiTataxx6fXtvov r\^ri nQdgxdy 
*EnUovQov)^AQ ovv,yq>i],T6 tov ^(ayQd(pov Jlavam- 
vog d^rixoag; Ovx eytayi (ilnsv 6 2iQani(ov) \4XXcc 
ftrjv a^iov. ixXapwv yaQ, mgl'ot)aiV, Xnnov 'uXivddv' 
fisvov yQdtpah TQi/ovTa eyQaip*v. dyavaxTovvro^ 
de Tov dv&Qtanov, ,ytXdaag 6 naha(ov xaviajQnpB 
t6v nivaxa ' xa$ ytvofiivav ava Tav xdT(o, ndXev o 
Xnmg ov tqsx^ov, dXX' dXiv^ovfjtivog i(pahvtTO, T(rb* 
t6 fpriaiv 6 Biuv^viovg twv X6y(ov ndazeiv, otuv 
dvaaTQOKpbiai, di6 xal Tovg XQV^f*^^S ^i^oi ov^ij* 
aovaivxuX&g t%stv, oti t<w &iov tlaiv ^dXXd t(W 
&eov pL^ tlvai, oTi (pavX(og ^xovaiv, ixsivo fisv ydg 
iv d5riX(^* t6 de t« tnri ovx iv mnoi^adai t« mQt 
Toifg xQfiaptovg, xal aoi xqitjj drinov^iv, (a (piXs S^s- 
Qdmov, [elnsv) ivaQyig ioTi, noirifiaTa yaQ .yQacpsig, 
Tolg fiiv nQdyfikaai fptXoa6(p(og nal avarriQ^og, dvifd- 
fiei de xal xdQtu xal xaTaaxev^ neQi At&y ioix6Tu 
ToXg ^OfiiiQOV xal 'Hatodov fiSiXXov, r} TOig vno Trjg 
Ilv&iag ix(ptQOfJiivotg, 

VI. Kul 6 2sQani(ov Koao^fisv ydQ, slntv, 
6i B6rf^t, xal Ttt aia xal Ta ofifiaTa, avvH&tafii- 
voi dtd TQwprjv xal fjtaXaxiav Ta rjSiw x&Xd rofiiitiv 
xal dno(paivta&ai. Toyja d^ fiefi\p6fAe&a Tr^v JIv» 
&iav , oTt rXuvxr^g ov (pd-iyytrat Trjg xi&aQ(odov 



Dfc P^THIAE OKACVLIS. 107 

liyvQtiTf(toVy ovdij^QiOfiBVTj fiVQOig, ovdi aXov^l" 
5ag dftntxofiiifj xdrBiaiv tlg t6 adxrtov, ovd^ int" 
S^vftia xaooittv , 4) Xridavov^ 7) ItjSavmdv, dlXd dd" 
q}Vtiv xai x^jL&ivov dXsvQov* avx oQai, (jilnsv) oai}V 
Zdgtv txn tcI 2ampinn ftilri , jtrjXovvTa ital xorrcr- 
^iXyorta rovg dxgomfiivovg,' ^tSvXXa di fjtaivofii- 
va oT^fiaTL, xad-' Wip«xAeijo> , dyiXaaja 9tal dxaX'- 
laniaTa xat dfivgtaia (p&fyyofiivrj, xtXitov ituv f|i- 
xvfttm TTf qxovf) dtti tov dh6v* o di UlvdaQog ^xov- 
aai tpiial tov dfov tov Kudftov ov'fiovaixdv ogdtxv, 
oiz ri$uav, ov^i ^ovcffQdr, ovdi smxtxXaafiivriv 
Tolg fiiXsatv, ^doyijr yaQ cv ngoglpai Td dnadig 
xal dyvhv, dX£ ivTWvda fi$T« zrig ihrjg igQiifr} ital 
t6 n?jtaT0fV avirjg, xal, wg totxiv, tlg Ta Sroe Torv 
dvdQanciv nwtQQvriXsu, 

*yH. JSlnovTog di TavTa TaiJ JSfQanimog^ 6 
Oiiav fistdtdaag' *0 ^iganitov fiiv {sin$) to Hui^og 
unodiStoxs t<j» T^OJrqi, X6yov nfgl avirjg t?^ ^5o»% 
naganiadvTog dnoXavatcg • r^fiiig $i, cu B^rj&i, xdv 
fl fpavXoTfffa TS)v'OfiriQOV TowTce rd Bnti., fi^ vofii- 
^fiiv avTa nBnoirfXivai Tov &tdr, dXXd ixtivov Trjv 
tt^/ijr T?^ xivriasfag 'irdid6vTog, •«$ fXMor^; niq>vx8 
xwsia&ai> Tmv n^cq>rjTid(av, ruxl ydq fl yQdcfsiv tdfi 
ui^ Xiyttv Tovg XQh^f*ovg, ovx dv, oifiai, t<h5 &sov 
Ta yqdfifittTa vofii^ovTsg itpiyofisv, oti XsinsTaixaX'- 
Xiy^a<pia Twv liaatXixoiv, ov yd^ ioTt ^eoi) rj y^» 
gvg, ovdi 6 (pd6yyog, ovdi ^ Xi^tg, ovdi to piTQOV, 
dXXd Trjg yvvaix6g • ixsivog de fi6kag Tag (pavTaaiag 
nagiaTriai, xal ip&g iv TJj yfv/ff noisl ngog to fiil^ 



108 PLVTARCHf 

itoy. ^ /a^ h9ovataQgA6g toioMy lotiv n$t&6Xon 
ii tlmtv, vfioi jovs ToS ^£mKOV^ n^ixf^tag (d^" 
los /o^ cJ nal avtog v3toq>Mg6fiiPog) ovn mi du»" 
ipvyziv, oHXd xaxtag^ aUwa&9 tdg ndlat nfo^riti~ 
daf, ^ (tpavlotg Ttot^fMiiH xgt^vag, xii« tdg vvv, 
Matakoyddriv »al did tw inttvx6vtmv ovofmtmv 
tovg xdV^f^o^S ktyovaag, ontiig vfuv u»e<pdkw xal 
kotyag&v ^tgwv xotfr fMtoiqmv iv&vvmg ^t] imixwfu 
xal ^oytvutv6g * My na^^s (Blnsv) « ngog &H»Vt 
dlXd didXvaw rifuv tavtriv t^v dnoQtav noiVr^ ov- 
cwy. ovbtig ydg^ iattv dXlviv, eg ovx avUav im^ri' 
tti xal Xoyov, wg ninavtai t6 fjtavttiov tniai nal 
ii6yoigxQ*^l**^ov, vnoXafliiv ovv • Oistv kUa ttal 
vvv,^ (shnv) ta ^iaH, SottovfiBV infigtitf tivl vov^ ne- 
girjyiltag dq>atQua&ai to (mihov tgyov. taaov ov» 
ytvia^ai t6 tovtm nQ^ttgov, ilta mgl mv fiovXtt 
%a\P ^avxiav hanogriaitg. 

VUi. '*Hdrj li ngoio^rtig ^fitv rtatit tov 'ligfovog 
mvdgtdvta tov tVQdvvov * xal twv fjtiv aXlnmv 6 $8* 
vog, ndwg anavta, nagt^ixev •fMig vn6 tvxoXiag d^ 
ngoat^v aiftov. dxQvaa^ di, o» mW tlg iatag av<a 
^aXHOvg^IiQOivogtnsatv aitofidttag t^g ^fUQag inti" 
vrig, ^ tov 'Hgtava avvipatvtv iv Svgaxovaaig t«- 
Xivtav, i&avfiaat. xdyt» twv ^fioiav dfMH awavt- 
fiifjtvriaxov , oSot d^ tov 'Hgavog fiiv tou SmfQtid'' 
tov, ott ng6 t^g iv uitifMtgoig avtfu ytvoftivtjg tt- 
Xtvt^g i^maov oi 6q)&aXfwi tot dvdgidvtog * ol di 
datigtg rj<paviadriaav, ovg Avvav6qog dvi^wv dn6 
trjis iv Aly6g mwfiolg vavfiaxktg; 6 6i avtov tot 



DE PYTHIAE OIUCV^US. " lo9 

xal noay roamiTfiy td nX^^g, &gte KataKffvipat 
16 Ttqiomttov, h (^B Tolg JSiH^hnoig t&p Ut^tjvai^p 
atvz^ftaatv «t Te X9^<f'*^ ^ov q>olvuiog ana^^eov^Uf^ 
lavoh ital T^v donlda tov naXXadlov KoquTug ntf^U^ 
nonver. 4 di KvidUov miipavog, ov ^a^aXlt^ tji 
o^XV^Q^^^ ^tXofifiXog, 6 ^wxiiav rilgapvog, idm^if^ 
ottTO, fA8Taataaav avr^v ix 1^9 'MXXddo^ sig t^v 
'limXiav:^ anoAsatv iv Mstanovtio^ naiiovaav ntql 
T^y vtAv Toi; U.7r6XXa>vog * oQfirigavjsg yaq inl tov 
atiipavev-oi vBavianoi, xo» (laxoiAWOi nt^ tovxifv^ 
oiov ngdg dXXriXovg, diianaaav t^v ov&Qahov, 
*d^atotiXfig (dv ovv fi6vov ^Ofmqov tXsy^ vtvovfuva 
nomv ovdfiota Sid trjv ivdqytutv \ya di ^ai%v 
av mal t&v mvadfjfidtm ^d ivtav^ol fAdUata avy^ 
icivita&a^ ml avvtnwijfMUpttvtff tov ^soZ nqovoin* 
xttl tovtnv fiiQog fiiti^iv ilvai nsvov, fifidi dvaia&ij» 
toVf dXXd mnXlja^M ndvta &tt4tritog, xal 6 Bdij* 
&og* Nai' {slntv) ov ydq aQxel t6v &s6v ug aSfta 
xvt&ii^yvvvai ^fjft^v Snai iniatov fifiv6g, dXXii 
*a} Xi&cj navtl ual z^Xxtf avfiq>VQdaofiiv avtovp 
HgmQ ovH sxovteg d^dxQsa t&v totovtm avfintm^ 
Itdtu^ f^v tifXV''^ Sf}fitovgy6y xo» t6 avtSfiatov^. 
thm (sq^v iyw) titxji aot doitfi ttal avtofidtt)^ t&v 
toioitiav titetatov ioHtivat, ual m&av6v iati tdg 
dtofiovg iSoXta&Hv nal iUaXv&^vai xe^ naQtyxXU 
vttt, fifiTM nQ6ngov ft^ta iJatsQov, dXXd uat ixttvov 
tov XQ^vov^ iv ^ t&v mvtt^tw ^xaatog ^ xi*^ 
tfitXX9 nffdSiittv 4 fiiXttoVf* uttiai psv'^SiltixovQi>i 



lOO PLVTARCHI 

'A^JiXmv, dt, niovt&iv* %al i ^P, /ifikioc, 6 ^f, 
^AiHowtv^' nalo fih, ^X^oqi 4 de, S^x^tiog' xal 
nag* ^ fiiv ai Movaat' iraJ ^ Mvfjfioavvrjf na^ m 
di ^ Jifidfj xal ^ ^mjiri * kal S /isv Onogwg xtxi 
^liavalagj 6 di NVHtig aiSv&g asgyrihM tb"Tjivov 
xolgavog • ««» o (abv 

J^gototat &tmv f%&4atog att^^fmv* 

ngdg oi' ds UivdaQog ilQriKtv, ovk dfjduc, 

KateHQl&i^, <&vato'ig dyaveitatog efift€v, 
ux6i(ag oljv 6 EvQinl^g ilnsv' 

uiot/jal vfxvtfv g>&tfiivw 

l4oidalt dg q xQvaojtouag 

\4n6ll(ov ovx svdixstai, 
%al nQoiBQog Ir» toitov i jStnia^ogog, 

Maka tov (fjuakiata) Ttatyfioaivag xpdH fio^- 
ndg.ts *A7i6ll(ov^ 
KrjdeM ts aiovaxdg ta 'Mdag ekaxt. 
?oq>oxXrjg de xal twv 4gydv&v Ixtti^ itQogvifKav 
ucutsgov dijlog iati d^d tovtw 

Ov vApXa noixvflatp, ov Xiga <plXa, 
xal ydg & avXdg otpk ndl ngmfiv itoXfifiae ipmvtfv itp 
Ifieqtoianf difiivat, t6y ^ ng&tov X9^^^ dXitBTo 
ngdg td nsv&fj, xal trjv nigl^tavta avtovgyiav ov 
fidXa BVttfiov, ovdi qtatdgdv elxBV , $It' ifUx&fl ndv* 
tdnaat. fidXtata di td &sla ngdg td datfiovta aiiy^ 
Xiovteg, Btg tagaxv^ avtoig Kdtiatfjaav. iSld yz 
w5 jB tfi rv&&i asaiftdv eoixi niag dvtixeXa&ai, xa} 
igdnov^tivd ndXtv trvvaSsW. th fjisp ydg ixnXi^?e$ 
'xal asjaafi^ ngog tbv &Bbv, i»g Svta dtanavtogi 



D£ PYTHIAE ORACVLIS. lo^ 

ns^ avxo ^if0tf»S nal de&iytlag, 

H^O YT^FXOY 

UEPI TOT , 

MH XPAIN EMMETPA NYN 

THN nreiAN. 



basiaokab:^. 



■J^ani^ inoi^aais fia&stay, & ^iXiv$, dtd TcSy 
uva&nftdtw naqanifinorug x^ Hvov, iyw ya^ 
Vfiag dvafiirm cbtriyd^vaa, 

^IAINOS. Bqadionf yttq &diioiuv, (a BaaiU- 
ultig, antiQOVTtg l6yovs xal &tQiiovTt$ tv&vg fittd 
fidj^g vnovkovg 9tat noltf/uxovg, wgmg oi JSna^toi, 
filcujjdvovtag ^fuvxal vnoipyofiivovgxatd r^v 6d6v, 

BAJS.^EttQov ovv dtiiati iivu naganaWiv tSav 
naqaytyov6inv, ^ av jSovXti x^^^^fi^^^^ W^^ ^^^* 
&tiv, tivtg riaav oi Xdyot, xal tivtg ol Xiyovttg; 

01yl. ^Efibv, 6s toixtv , & BaaiXdxUig,^ td tffyov, 
juv ydq aXlm ovdtvl qtfdiwg av irtvxoig xatd 9rd- 
Xiv* toifg ydgnXtiatovg iw^ al&ig tlg t6 Kiogif^ 
mov t^ Sivt^ xal t^v Avxovgiay avvava^vovtag. 



102 PLVTAIVCHI 

BA2. ^N fpdD&tdiimv tig ^fitv Ttal mgmo^ q>t^ 
Xrfxodg iaxiv 6 ^ivog; 

0Tj1, ^iX6Xoyog ^i xot* (pdofiaSrig iau fiallov, 
QV fifiv Taxfia fidXigxa •&avfidisiv a^iov, dU.d ngn'» 
6Tfig T« noXXi^v X^Q^^' B^ovaa, xal x6 fid%tfAov xiij 
dianoQrftixbv vn6 avviasMgf oSrs dvgxoXov, ovrt 
dvxlxvnov ngog rdg anoxQiaetg •' Sgxt xa* /jQf^x^ 
avyysv6fiivov, sv&vg sItisTv Tixog dyadov naxgog* 
olaS-a ydg /lioytviavov uv^qSiv agiaxov, 

BA2, Avx6g fisv ovk tJdov, (u (PiXlvs, noXXoX^ 
de ivxfxvxv^a xal x6v Xoyov xal x6 rjS-og lov dv- 
dQog iaxvQwg dnodsxofiiviov, ofjLOia 6s xoifxoig sxsQa 
nsQi toif vtaviaxov Xlyovaiv, dXXd xiva dQXfiVsaxoir 
oi Xoyot xa* nQ6(paaiv,' 

II. ^IA, 'EniQaivov ol nfQiriyTixal xd avvxstix^ 
yftiva, firidsv fifjiav fpQOvtiaavxsg dsndivxtav intXB^ 
fistv xdg (fiasig xal xd noXXd xuiv imygafjifidxiav. 
x6v ds &VOV n i^cv idia xal x6 xsxvi9t6v xmv dvdQi' 
dvxouv ftsxQitag nQogriysxo, noXXoiV xal xaXofv *SQym'y 
aig sotxs, d-sax^v yfysvrifiivov. i^aiiftais de xov 
;^(xilxou x6 dv&riQ6v, wg ov nivoj nQogsotx6g ovdiVof, 
parffi ds xvavov axiX/Sovxog, ^atB xal nifjtiffat tl 
'nQ6g xovg vsdQ^ovg, {dn ixsivoav yaQ tiQxxat x^g 
S-iag^ olov dxtxvotg ^aXaxxiovg xfj xg6a xal /Sv&i^ 
ovg kax&xag. \4q ovv (Iqpij ) XQaaig xig iiv xal tpdQ^ 
fJial^tg xwv ndXat xsxvixoiv nsQl x6v x«Xx6v / wgnsQ 
fj Xsyofjiivti XMv JiKpwy (rx6fA(aaig, ng ixXstnoifarig ixe- 
XSiQiav 60/8 noXsfiixSiV lip/ov 6 ;|faXxdg; t6v fisv 
ydg KoQtv&tov, ov xixvfj, dXXd avvtvxin tijg xo6ae 



T3E PYTHTAE OIl4G'\T.TS. 103 

iafitivxo xaXXag, imyBifittfiivov JtvQog olxlav §jfov-» 
aoiy T4 jjf^raoi) xaiagyvQov, nXfiatoy Ss xoiXxov a- 
noxtifABvov, <»>' avYxvS-tvTuv xal awicaUvt<av,ovo^ 
fia rdif x^Xxov ^w fiti^ovi to nXti^og nKgeaxsv. o 
ds Oi(av vnoXa^wv ^'M.Xov (stpri') Xoyov ^iigiwr^ 
xoufiev navovqyiatiQov • w? «W;^ ivKoi^ivd^ca x^X^ 
lUfivnoq, innvxwv ^iKtj XQ^^oiov ixovqrj noXv,9cal 
MoixSitg {pavtQog ysvia^at, xatd. fuytgov dnoxdntfx» 
Tml vnofuyvi/g aTQifxatwxfxXxn, ^avfiaat^v Xafi^ 
fidvovti xgaaiv , inlngaaxe noXXov dta trjv xp^^ 
xal tb xiXXog dyand)fjitvov. dXXd xal tavta xaxii- 
vm fjitf&6g iativ, rjv di ttg (&g totxs ) fitS,tg xaldg' 
tvstg , o^jtou xal. vvv dvaxtgawvvng dgyiigto XQV» 
qdv , Mav ttvd xal nSQttttjf , ifjtoljds giatvofjtivijv 
voaadtj xXtaqdtfjta xal q^^gdv dxaXXij nagixovai, 

IM. Tiva ovv altlav (&prj 6 .^Ptoysvtavdg) otst 
tijg ivtav&a tov xoXMcnj XQ^^^? ytyovivat; xal 6 
Oitav* "Oiav {tq»j) t&v nQmotv^xal qjvaixmdtoitv 
xal iaofjtivm xal ovtoiv., nvgdg xal yijg xal digog 
xal 'ddatog, . firidsv aXXq tui xotXx^ nXriatdiij, firidi 
' "SfJttXf^ nXrjv ftdvog e diiQ., ^Ad<»* iattv vn6 tovtov 
nsnov&^ig, xa\ dtd tovtov ia^xwg fjv. tx^t.dtaq^o^ 
qdv dsl avvdvta xail nQOgxsifssvav,rj tovto fdvrjdst^, 
ni/tv Osdyvtv ysyovivat, xatd tdv xiofitx6v* ^V tV 
sx^iv qfvatv 6 drJQ, ff ts XQOifiSVOS dvvdfui xatd ttig 
im^avastg intxixQdnxs tdv xciXxdv .im&Vfisig fia&slv.f 
qtijaavtog ds tov //loysviaxoTf * -Kal ydq iyu), {tinsv) 
i nal * iritmfisv ovv xoivfi xal. ng&ttQOv, u ^ovXti, 
it ^v ahlav fidXtata t&v vygmv dvanifinh^aw \onf 



104 FLTTARCHI 

loiSbiH»^^ ov yiq aito /b S^ nov t^ /aXx^ sr^o;- 
Tgt^ead^m tov Xovt uta dii xa&afip aitt^ xal ifW' 
avtov nXnaiatorta^ Ovdafm^ , (jBhssv 'o viayiag) 
allo d^ ait^ doMt tq:(to4; td. atttop InaQz^of* iw- 
nt& yd^ oPti, Mul xa^ag^ Tial ^mvyBl ngogjsmtctw 
i tdg, itupapiatatds iotw, iv di tdig. cmUo^ hjqoli 
wpayi^tat, %at 6- Sitap' Elys {^nsih) i nai, mH 
%a}j&q' ojMitire» IH, tl flovlet, nalt^ip ^nd U^wto^ 
tiXovg. aitiar IsyofUptiv» UXXa fiovlofiai, t?9r«. ^ifoc* 
toivvy t&v idvaXhav vyg&v iiudvta ddx^v oHi^iA^ 
%at diaiSnUQBad^a& t^v idv, uviofsdlav xal ftavmv 
^tmv^ Tov d* ilaio*^^ tj}. nvxv6€iit& atiyea&m, xal 
^iofiiveiv dd-QoiSdfiSVOV, av ovv xo» «vto» t» Toeolr* 
!Xor ffna^ia&ai dwfi&&ft6v, ov navtdnaatv dnoQ^' 
aoftev iju^g hoI na^fAvdtag tt^; T^y dnoqtasf. 

IV. 'SLq ovv iHeleiofuv xal avvfxoiQOVfiSv , ly^* 
T^ dsQa t6v iv Ask^lg nvxvdv ovta xal awejpj, 
»al tdvov ^x^vta, dui Tijy dlTrd tiaroQmv dvdxlaaiv 
%ai dvtiqeiatv, m xai dfixuxdv, Xentdv ^vas, &a7te(f 
IA€tiftVQsi xaltaTtSQltdg niiffsigtQOipiig., ivdvdftsvov 
oiv %nd^ Xent6tfitog xal ^fivovta tdv x^Xxdv,. dva' 
ffagdaassv noXvv i6v i^ avtov xal ysmdtjy ateyeiv di 
tovtov av ndXsv xai niiteiv t^g 7tvxv6tijtog d*dxv • 
Oiv fifj dtdoiofig, t6v9e vfptatufievov avtijv did nXij' 
^0( i$»vdiiv, xal Xaftpdveiv avy^v xorl yd/vtafia ne- 
Qi T^y inifpdveuxv, dno/is$Kfiivmv de ^fi&v, 6 DsVo; 
e<pii t^v hiQa>v dQxeiv vn6&taiv n^dg^ t6v X6yov, 'll 
9i Xejttitfig (Sgpi}) d^i fdv vnevavtiova&as xal 
ngt^.tr^ ieyofiivfiv Tsvttv^ia toi diQog, Xafifidve* 



DE PYTHIAE OBACVLIS. t05 

TOk S* pm t(PttyK0ik^i ditdf^ yug p^ kivtov neh' 
l^toii/Asvog ^ Z^^9 ttuonnl xol fjudingt jovliw, 
oy 1} mjxvditig ovvixovoa x«* nixx»^ovga, tiohI <^- 
g)iM'$ din t6 ifX^^og» yiioXafiav di 6 Oiav, tl yd^. 
{iTji9v) Z livt, xoilifH javtd 8^at muI Xmt6v xa* 
nvxvov, £$7teg Tcr OTiQtxd xal td fti^agiva twu^ v^o- 
oiidtm, i<p' m nat "Ofifigos. dns • 

KatQoaim d^ o^oviav anoXkifletai vyq^ tkatott 
ivlktxvv/4€vog t^v dxqi/ietav xalXmtittjta tov .'S- 
fgoyg, t^ iii^ Ttgo^i/tivnv Td sXatov, dXi^ dnoqqtij^ 
xai inoXio&aivetv, tijg. nvxvdttitog ov dttiarig, xcii 
ftr)i/ ov fjLOvov ngog f^v dvaxaga^tv tpv lov XQ^i^^^r 
to av t^ Xentitritt tov digog, aXXd xal t^ XQ^^^ 
tt^ttiV noiuv MOixtih ridiova xa» yXavxotigav y dva* 
ptyvvovaa t^ xvav^ qtoig xai av/ijr. 

V. *Ej( toiftov ytvof^irt^g aifonijg, ndXtv ol ns^ 
gt^^tttl Ttgofx^fgiiovto ta^ ^iaef^ XQ^fi^i^ov di t*- 
xog ifif^tgoy Xtx&ivtog,. oJ^at,. mgl t% j^ymog 
Tai; ^Agyeiov paaiXtlag,. noXXdxtg fi<gpi^ &avjtdaai ti^ 
iTuav 6 Jtpyevtavdg, iv otg oi xg^i^iiolXiyovtaiyf^v 
qiavX6tf}ta xal f^v evTiXstav» xaitot ftovatixitvig p 
^sog, xal tijg Xeyofiiv f^g Xoyi&riitog ovx rjttov a^tq^ 
t6 xaX^v, rj t^g ntgl ftiX^ xal ^ddg xal svqKoyias 
ustflvat, xal noXv tov *Haio^ov svsntiijt xal Toy *'0- 
injgoy vntgq&iyysadat* t6vg ds noXXovg t&v xg^ 
aftmy ogSif^v xa} tolg ftitgetg xal tolg oid/iaqi 
nXfjffftsXsia^ xal <favX6tiitog dvansjihnaftivovg, nar 
gwy ovv ^&rivfi&sv 6 notrit^g ^sganim' Ettp 
a^ffrf) tavta td snrj tov &soy nianyovttg stvjut^ 



106 PLVTARCni 

td uaenfiov ovv ndhv.f ■&g kijmai, xdXXe^ ^oiv *Ofi'^^ 
.^ov xai 'Hotddou Xiyttv, od x^rjthdfisda lovtoig mg 
uQiOTa nal xdXliara mnotr}fiiroigy iTtavo^&ovfitvoi 
T^v avim 'ttqlaiv nQOTtaxHXrififiiv^v vn'^ (pttvXf}g 
avvri^sidg, vnoXa/iojv ovv £6t}&og o yttf^fiixqr^" 
{ola^a ydg t6v avdga fiBtatattofiivov l^drj n^og tdr 
^EnUovqov) Aq ovvjttpriytb tov ^mygdq^ov Uavata^ 
vog dttrixoag f Ovx sytayi {tlntv 6 Stqanlm) UXXa 
firjv a^iov. irtXa^onv ydq, &gi'oiHStv, Xnnov ^aXtvdo^^ 
fitvov yQdipatf tgixovta tyQaiffiv^ dyavaxtotfvjo^ 
de tov dv&Qtanov, ^ytXdaag 6 Jlavatav HatiarQByja 
tov nlvttHa • xa# ytvofiivav ava twv xarot), ndXev o 
Xnnog ov tQsxotv, dXX' dXtvbovfiivog icpahtto, tov* 
to fpriaiv 6 Biviv*iviovg twv Xdytov ndaztiv, otav 
dvaatQOKpZai. dtd Ttal tovg XQV^f*f>^S tvioi ov^ri'- 
aovdivxuX&g €%stv, oti tcw dtov tiatv ^dXXd t<w 
&eov fi^ tlvai, oti q>avX(og ^xovatv. intlvo fisv yaQ 
iv ddrjXta* to de td inrj ovx iv nsnot^a&ai td mQl 
tovg XQfiOfiovg, xai aot xQirjj dr^nov^tv, ta q>iXB S^s- 
Qaniov, {tlnsv) iva^yig iati, notr)fiata yuQ yQdcpttgp 
tolg fitv nQdyfiaat fpuXoadcptag mal avatriQStg, dvvd- 
fiti ds xal xdQttt xal xataaxtv^ nsQl Atfty ioixdta 
toXg ^OfiriQOV xal ^Hatddov fiaXXov, r} totg vnb trjg 
Ilv&iag ixq>tQOfiivotg. 

VI. Kul 6 2sQani(ov' Koao^ffisv yrxQ, slntv, 
6ti B6rf&t, xal td aia xal td ofifiata, avvtt&tafib- 
vot dtd tQvq>rjv xal fjtaXaxiav rd rjSiio xaXd rofiiisiv 
xal dnoq>aivta&at, td^a dj) fitfnp6fit&a tr^v IIV' 
&iuv, oti rluvxr,g ov q>d-iyytrai T% xt&aQtji^ot 



Dfc VY THIAE OK AC VLIS. io7 

liyvQMtfQoVt ovdi.^Qtofidvri fiv^otg, ovde aXov^T^ 
dag dftmxofiitfj xdrBiaiy «*^ rd advrov, ovd* ini' 
d^vfiia xaaoiav, ^ kridayov^ 7] Xifiatwtov, dXXd dot- 
qtvtfp xal x^l&ivQv dXsVQOff^ ovx oqa%, (jHniv) oar^v 
zdgiv t%si -id 2!a7npixd fiiXri , xviXovviu mal xata^ 
d^yovra rovg dxgotafisvovg,' 2!iSMa di fiaivofiir 
vfa aiofinxiy xa&* ^fQdxXBijo> , dyiXaaja xal dxaX'- 
IdtmaTa xaedfivgtaia g>&fyyofiivrj, ;|ffJl<W ijuv 6|i- 
xvtltat tfi qxavfi dtd wv dbov* o 8i UivdaQog -dxov- 
aai (prial xov dtov jovKudfiOv ovfiovaixdv ogdtxv, 
ovx riduav, ov$6 JovqfQixr, ovds kmxtxXaafiivrjv 
xoTi {iiXsaiv, ridov^v ydq cv Tigogitiai x6 dTtadig 
xal uyvhr, dX^ ivtalvda fittd z^^ atfig •iqj^iq^ xal 
t6 nhtatov avt^g, xnl, wg toixiv, $ig xd &ta tvnf 
dv&^btntav ijvvtQ^ifrfXBv. 

TH. Eln6vtog di ravta tov 2fQanimog, o 
Sim' fiitdtdaag' *0 ^iganitov fiiv (sins) to HUt&og 
dnodiStaxs t<{} tQdntn, Xoyov ntgl avijjg ti^ ridorr^ 
nagamaovtog dnoXavaUg' '^fntg di, oi lidri&i, xdv 
fi fpavX6tfQa rm'*'Ofir}Qov tentta rd inrj., fitf vofiL- 
^fitv avtd nmotrfXsvai tov dtor, dXXd ixtivov r^v 
a^/9}j/ T^$ xirriattog irdid^vrog , -mg txdat^i ni<pvx8 
xwiia&ai rStv nQcq>rjtid(av. xal ydq tl ygdqitiv tdtt 
uri Xiyftv rovg XQh^t*ovg, ovx av, otfiai, tov d-tov 
rd yodfifiara vofii^ovttg itpiyofttv, ott Xti^trai xaX- 
XtyQuqyia r&v liaaiXixCiv» ov yoQ iart ■&totf ri yrj' 
Qvg, ovds 6 qd6yyog, ovds '^ Xi^tg, ovds to pitgov, 
ttXXd rrjg yvratx6g * ixtivog de fi6kag rdg qavtaaimg 
naQioTtiai, xal qi&g iv rfj yfv/fi noitl ngdg to fjiil' 



108 PLVTAKCffl 

2,ov, 4 ydq iv&omia(7/i6s TOtovt6jt iath nm&6lov 
6$ dmtv, vfiSi^ jovg rov "^mxovqoV nf9<p^Tag (d^^ 
Tiog fd^ d xai avt^ vftofptgdfievog) ov» eati dior 
4pvyuv, dXka xaitiag^ aUiSa&f tdg Ttdlat nfct^tfr 
daff, »g spavXoig noi^ftaat jjf^^Vag, itd$ tdg vuv, 
^ataXoyddrjv xal dtd tmv innvx6vtav ovofidtw 
tov; j^^afiov^ ktyovaag, on^g vfuv dH8<pdkw xal 
Xotyag&v ftstQuv xal fMtoi/Quv iv&vvag jur] vnixwn, 
xal i^oyivtav6g' Mif tictI^s [tlmv) i ngbg &mv, 
dlkd dtdlvaw ^fuv tavtijv trjv dnoqiav noiv^ oi> 
oesy. ov^^tigyd^iattvdlXviv, eg ovx aitlav int^fj' 
til Hul Xoyov, ag ninavtat t6' fjtavtiiov sjuat xfx« 
iioyotg ^XQ^l*^^^^* vnoXaptiv ovv 4 Oiiuv ' UHd xdi 
vvy,[slnsv) i 7ia%, iottovfiBV intiQ%ia ttvt toifls n^ 
i)iriy7itag dtptuqiia&at to cMiiiov ^yov. waov ovv 
yevia&at t6 tovtm TiQottQov^ etta mgl wv flovXit 
%a\P ^avxiav SiamoQiiasig. 

\Ul, "Hdri Ifi nQoiotftig iifjuv xat» tov ^liQavog 
dvdQidvta toif tVQuvvov * xa« t&v ftiv dXXtav 6 $8- 
vog, ndag dnavta, naQiixtv •fuag vn6 svxoXiag d^ 
XQOatrjv avtov. dxovaag 6e, ott xUav tlg kajtag dvo> 
^aXxovg^^IiQOivog tnsaiv avtofidtfag ti^g iifUQag ixBi- 
rrig, iy tttv 'HQ^va avvi^ivtv iv SvQaxovaatg tc* 
Xtvtdv, i&avftaae, xdyta tviv ofioiav dfta awavt' 
ftiftvfiaxov , ola S^ tov 'MQOtvog fiiv tov SnUQttd^ 
tov, oti nq6 tT^g iv uieixtQotg avtfu yivofdvrjg t€* 
XtvtT^g iUnsaov oi wp&aXfio* toif dvdQtdvtog v ol di 
datiQtg fj(pavia&fiaav, ovg uiijvuvdQog dve&fjxsv dno 
t^ iv Aiy6g Tfowfioh vavfiaxfag, 6 di avtov tot 



DE PYTHIAE OHACVLIS. * 109 

AvaArSifov li^trog aydgtag il^v&i^fv iyqUtv Zo^/iijf 
xa» Ttoav towiftfiP td nX^^g, coyve xarauffvipai 
t& n^fnmw. h di tolg SuitXinoig t&p ji^rjvaiwp 
tttvz^ftoffiP «t T« Xifvoai tov (polviatog anigftovfiu* 
luvo&, xal trjv donida tov naXXadiov xogaxsg mi^d^ 
itomorJ 4 ds KvidUov atitpctvog, ov ^agaaXi^ tj} 
ofxV^Q^^* ^iXofifjXog, 6 ^wxifav tiJgavvog, idm^ 
aato, imaataaav avti^v i» t^; '£XXd^og sig t^v 
'itmXietvJi dnuXtatv iv Mttanovtit^ naiiwaav m^l 
tAv PtAv Tov ^dnoXXotvog* oQfiriaavtsg yaq inl thv 
atiiparovol vwviaxoi, xol fiaxofiwoi m^ Toujifpt'- 
aiov ftgdg dXXtfXovg, diianaaav triv «y^^zroi^ 
*d^a%QtiXf}g fikv oiv fi6vov *'Ofifigov iXsy^ xivovfuva 
n&mv ovdftata Jior t^v ivdgyttav lydt ds ^aif^v 
dv x&l t&v dvadfjfidtm ^d ivtav&ot ftdUata avy 
xtvita&ai ml avvtniatjfiaivuvtjtov ^soZ ngovoia^ 
xtxi rauTuy ftigog fiajdkv c&er» xtvbv, ftrfiB dmia&fj» 
lOVt aXXd mn^a^M ndvta &ii4tiitog. ttal 6 JStff/- 
&og' Ncti- {$lntv) ov ydg dQXsl tdv &t6v tig a&fia 
xa&ttgyvvvM &Vfit4v dna^ ixdarov fifjvdg, dXXfi 
xal Xi&oj navtl xal ;ifaitx^ avfupvgdaofitv avtoVf 
HgntQ oix sxovttg d^idxgtGi t&v totovtm avfintoit» 
fi&twif tfjv tifxn^ dfifiiovgydv xa» t^ avtdfiator^ 
tha [ ttpfjfv iyw) thxji ao* doxfi xai avtoftdto^ titv 
toioi/tfov txaatov ioinivdif xal m&av6v iatt tdq 
dtofiovg iSaXia&iiv xot^ IkaXv&ijvat xai nagtyxXU 
vai, fifjtt ng6ttgov jttijT« ^attgov, dXXd xair' ixtlvov 
tbv Xfg^vov, i» ^ t&v dva^vttw huaatog fj x^^Up» 
tfitXU n^di^tp fi fiiXtioVf' ttaXai fiiv'*&lUxovg6^ 



110 PLVTARGHl 

(aqttXu vv¥,Mi EOtHtv, a(p ^v. tlnsv, rj t/gaipSf ng^ 
imv tgiaxoal(ov d-^tog ^e, tl fjirj avvdg^t^ tfSQbJV 
kavrdv tig vinavxa,. (ir^dk dvttxga^tiri nmiv , ovx av 
aoi doxsi xivr^sfag dgxfj^ xot nd^ovg aitiav nagof 
axdv ovdtvl r&v ovrm;. 

IX. Tdtaura fjuv iyia ngdg xov BotjO-ov anixgi» 
vdfifiv * ofiota ds mgl %Sv 2i/ivXktifav, iTKidrj ydg 
saTfifASV xatd t^v nsxgav ytvdfitvoi tr^v xaid tb 
fiovksvrrigiov , iq^ rig Xiystai xa&iZsa&ai t^v ng»* 
tr^v SipvXhjtv ix tov<-^EXMmvog. nagaysvofisvifjiV, vnh 
tSiV Movawv tgaqittaav, (eVM)» di (paaiv sig Mailca)- 
va d(pnisa^at, Jafdag ovaav &vyaxsga trjg HoaH" 
davog) &'fisv StganUav ifivrig^rf tmv iTttav, iv oig 
vfjLVnasv iavtriv, &g ovds dnri&txvovaa l^let fjiavti' 
xrji* «Ail' ttvtfi fdv iv tfi asXrfvij nsgitiat t6 xailoif- 
fjitvov (pmvdfitvov ykvofisvij ngoatanov, ta ds digt 
To nvtvfjia- avyxga&sv, iv (prifjiaig del (pogriastdi xal 
xXi}d6aiv ix ds toS adrfiatog fjistafiaXdvtog iv tff 
yji 't6ag.xalvlrig.dva(piV0fAivri^, poaxriattat Tavt)^v • 
Ugd '^gsfiiiata , XQ^^^- ^ navtodanag Xaxovxa xal 
^iOgtpdg.xaXtnoiitxrijag im tSv anhkyxytav, d(p Sv 
ul ngodtiX(a9tig dvd-gianoig.tov fjisUovtog, 6 dsBori'-^ 
^u^ sxLfAuXlov i]v (pfitvtgdg xataytXiav tov di &'- 
pov tin6viog,&g, h xaltavta fiif&otg soixsv, dlXa 
f talg: yt fiavtsidig^ imfiagtvgovai noXlal fisv dva* 
oxdaiig.nal fistoixiafiol n6Xs(av ^ElXrividtav , nolXai 
di PagfktgixSv axgaxt&v ini(pdvsia^, xal dvaigiatig 
fiysjfAoviSiv, tttvxv Si' td ng6g(pata xal via nd&ri 
utgi ts Kiffiriv xal Jixaiagxiav, ovx VfAVoifisvand'* 



DE PYTHIAE OaACJ VLIS. ^ i \ 

iMi xa» ad6fisPa dtoiTUP HiSvlXsibiv oxQdvog cS^Trf^ 
6q>iikm dnodidtoxtv; ixgrfiitg nvQog OQHov, xal ^e- 
asig. 'daXaaalag, xal nsTQ&y xal (fltyfAovm vno^ 
TfVtvfjtaTog. maq^iiimg., xal qi&OQag. n6ls(ov afiu 
loaovTW xa\ jfiXixouTtav, w§:fisd'^ ^fAsqav imXd^ov- 
ai» ayvotav slvat xal aad(psiav onov xaTtaxr^vTOTrig 
X^^S avyxsxVfJtivvS' "tavTa x^9 sl yiyovs matsv ■ 
aai ji^ftilc^dy iaxt^ fjtri.tQt ys Tigostnsiv avsv dsio' 

19jT0g. 

X. Kal 6^S6iid-og* UolioyyaQ, (iinsv) (a dat" 
fiovis, Tfi (pvast^ na&og oxg^vog. ovx 6(psilst; Ti 5i 
HSTi tSv aTdn^av^ xal anQpjgdoxijj^ov nsgl yij^ ?;.^fl(- 
Xaaaav,. tJ n6l6ig, rfavdQag, o Tig av nQOStnwv ov 
TVxoi> ysvoifjtivov ;, xatTOitTOVTO^ys axs66v ouds nqo- 
simXy ioTtv, aX^ sihstv,. ftaXXov di Qtiifm xal difX' 
ansiQai Xoyovg oix sj^ovtag. cIqx^v sig. t6 ansiQOv * 
o'tg. nXav(»fjtivoig. dn^.Tfias-TtoXXdKtg^ V "^MXV Jtalavvi' 
masv auTOftclrc^. !ha(fiQBi< yaQ ( olfiai ) ys^ia^at 
t6 Qfj&iv, rj Qrj^ijvat t6 ysvrjaofASPOv., 6 ytxQ flnb)v 
T« /iij vnaQxovra Xoyog. iv savT(a to rjfjtaQTrjftivov 
^(ov, ov dtxaiiag. wfafiivst ttjv ix tov avTOfietTOV 
^ttJT*y, oids dhj^sl' TSXfjtrjQi(a /^?Toe* tov nQOSimlv 
oitaTdfttwog T6'fjisTd t6 slhtlv ysvrja6fisvov , ndvxa 
■ujg dnstQlag, (^fiQomijg: ftaXXov ds 6 ^fdv slxdyiav 
xaXag,' ov aQtaTOv fidvTtv dvrjy6Qsvxsv rj naQOtfniiXt 
ly.voaxonqvvTi xal aTi^svovTt dtd tSv svX6y(0i- tu 
fiilkov ofjtot6g ioTi. 2'i^vXXai ds avTat xal Bdxt6tg 
bignsQ sig n6vT0V aTsxftdQT^ag. t6v ZQ^voif naTi^aXov 
mli diiansiQav &g tivx^ navTodanS^v 6v6fjtaTa xa\ 



.112 PLVTAftCttl 

infmta na^i^ ttpn avfinwftdtiay. iA^, ytpofifyttp 
.,^¥.iiav tt^u tO^f ifioUs^^^d^g iati t6 vtfp }i$y6fta^ 
Jv0¥f 9f^v vattffOK 4Aij#%. «» T«afo«, 7«i77ta». 

.!^|. Tmai^ta tov Botid^ov MiMvtOi, i Ztqot* 
tffUiVy /lUmov ( eip^) th i&tti^ mpi t&v ovtok, mg 
UyH B4ti&og, doqiatag »al dvvnokitmg Uyofjuvvv* 
^ yiitfl atqavify&nffoUimtfu, vfviitffiuv* $1 nSlsptg 
dvai(^aig, dn6l»l9V. onov di ov fi6vov TiiyFiM jb 
ytVfiadfiBvov, dkhii nal nwg xal a6tB nalfiwi tl nai 
fiau tivog, ov» taw •haafibg wv tdxa yeviiaof$i-' 
veav, dHu t£y Ttdvwg iaofiivwv ngo^kmdtg. noil 
%avta tativ tig t^y U/riaildov x^6tffra * 

<^dito 8ri, Zndiftn, Haintq ftBydXav;(og iovatf^ 
Jf 1} ai&ev dgtinodog (ikdtfffj X9^^ fiaaiUia, 
JflQ^v ydq fi6x^oi as nataaxiaovatv aEkntot, 
^!^iaifiqot6v t inl uvfta nvXtvdofiivov noliftoto, 
aal rd nsgl t^g Vf\aov fidXtv, ^ dv^xsv ^ nq^ O^ 
qag ital 0fiqaaiag ^Xaaaa, «o» mqi tw^tidnnov 
« Mai ^Fufiaim noUpmv^ 

'Al£ 4ndtB TqoMiv ftvtd fm&intq&s yivfitm, 
0oiviit»v iv -dySivt, tot taanat Hqya Sntata' 
nivtog fiiv Idfitffu n^g aaftttor, ix di XBqavvSt^ 
. ,,/ Uqfiat^tf fiAv dvct dtd ftvfutiog aiSovatv 
. : Zi^tya aifv ftitg^, { di atffqi^ttat avtolv, 
y Qv (fatdgi dv&qimtg f^aog, xal x^f^^S avdqfg 
.. U^eQoifitfiadfiBvotftivKqsiaaoffavix^aovai. 
M ^y^Q it^ ^Xiy^ X9^^^ ^Pu^iftiov^ tt Kagx^Hovipiv 
.^^!^,^iadntmt0nolffi^aa^ag}ivvt^avp moI ^i- 
. i*»WI» -rfJ^AoJft avit^X6^if( Mai [BofwiQiig , ftdxji 



DE PYTfiUE ORACVLIS- 113 

iuttt nv^g noUoi »nl Mdtisyog iiH^<r^ino$ , od* 
Sv itnoi tlg, wg ^rj^rtfic^ 'IfMaTrdrta Tidl ovvbmtiB 
wtd tixvpf a^ftdxmg, at£ ^ ^ditg iptpaivH tijp 
n^p^VHjiv. xal t6 *I^fial6tg n^ itwv dftoH f» mP^ 
taxoakirv nqotinAv tov X9^^^i ^^ 9 Snarta td 
%9vti nolBfi^aouv Sfta* tovto di ipf t6 nohfi^atik 
toTgohtitaig wtoatSaiv. iv Tovtotg ydg ov^iv dti» 
9fi€t^ov, oidi tvq>X^, dft<pl tt tv;t^v ^uv iv d" 
mt^'6 X6yog' dU/d nolXd jijg nsitfug ivfxv^a M* 
Ikiati xeti 6thivvot ti}y 666v,' ji pa9^i t6 ntnqtA' 
uivov. ov ydq olftai ttva iqBiv, Sri ftttd toifttiv &g 
Hgbf^^i^ awimat natd ttfpjv, iml ti xiojl&ci tU 
rniv ^Bffinf^ng ov» sy^ft^dg Hvgiag ^lv *EniMov» 
gog, & B6ijdt, do^g, dXif dn6 tifj^g Malaitofid' 
mg injtto n(f6g aXXriXa t&v ygafifidtw awwfimaoV" 
twv, dmtsXia^ tb fitflXiovf 

Xih^Afta di taitiav Uyofiimv ngo^Ufiiv. iv 
di t^ KoQiv&imv ofv^ t6v <poivtMa ^tifiivotg t6v 
falnbvvi ogmg fin Xbtnig iati tQv dva&ijftdioh, oi 
m^ tt,v (iSdv ivtoQVivofitvoi (fdtgaxot wilfdgot 
&a^pa tf} JtoytvtavtS nagitxov, dftiltt di xal^ftlv, 
ovt8 yaq tpoivtf, ug^htga Uvdqa, Xtfivalav iatt *al 
(pilvi^bv ipvt6i^, o^ Xogtv&iatg t2 fidtgaxoingog" 
4ptovatv, Sgti aijiPoXov rj nagdaTjfiov dvat tljg n6^ 
X$ug» ^giMg dfiiXH ^Xtvaivitot notixgvaoh^ aiXt» 
V09 ipu&ilMt Xiyottat,' xat l%vi9toi t6v niXtkvv 
in6t&v ittitgsU^ twi^ ykvopivm «re^) t6 TLaMfH- 
vovUaiigtby naf aptolg' fi6votydg, i^iatniv, iv 
Plvt.Mor.HI. H 



£^4 P^LyTA&^Hl 

x(A.n4f^W\(^St3JLOif ^ Tot^Tfl^fiJya* 7i^(9i4St ^<f ^^^ 

. vofiiCp^, slndifTqs di ^toiJ 2tifanimvog, ou v^ 

^ .v/^a»y plfiiaio jgoqi^v ^v f^lov xal^iv^aw xa« 

dvd&vfAlaouf^ Obitjfuovf^yds^, lUsa^ 'OjfPi^if Zfi;^pi^M$ 

,jlXX1}3fOCdf* ,, 

ftfo/y^i' yg^qioyTa^. im iMt^xad-cSfifiBvov * ;;4<>^'$ 
iydf* Ifxiv 0iindl^,.{^7ipv) Si x^^et^ vnV ^toAv 

. iBVQk niO^^^S^ ..xa< liffofidXXt^g- wrgifia^ t^ ^^y^f 
tag.avdifi>6i,g:Halidva&vfiida.ii$;. ovx ugjf^g al Oet- 

^wlai' Mady0v fnr asiJiviiv xal t&f ^UoVt. «f^y- 
^vStev c^Tid y.^g.ital vddtwf( ^laat^vov^fig m4. dgx^ 
ftivovg» ofdK yag JfXdm» tunl t6v av^gomoVfOi^ 
^dviov oiv&fiaat q^VTda,, ^mg ij^ ^^g avf» n^iig. m^ 

,q>ak^S. qgi^o^f^tMV * vfm^. di t.ov fiw ^jEfAmdoidiovg. 

. xaTayelaTf,,ifida»oyT.og. t6v ^Uov ^fl y^v avakkdr 
au qifin^g^^oiQaviQ^. ^vdfuvpM, al^^g^, avjffi^Vj^tsv 

^nQ^^olVfVToy difitQpiffOig-STQog&^^tg^ auT0»;^6/ii- 
^vig.^ifiiOV,. ii g^VTdv i^tQV,, dnoq^aivBTs toi^^ ^ktov,. 
ug.flafqjuxfnfv Ttfitj^ida i^, ydQtav j^/QWjpaf^ dkk^ 
TOtvw f^kfi 4^T^v .J^t^mx^ dva&c^fi6$^a t^^^i^* 
%d di Ti$y z^iQOzixva^v ndQtgyO' mngiQytig i^^vda»' 

^mv» iv nokXolgydQ tiai^ itofAtfioy, %6'di ^iVXQov ov 

jiaVTai^ov. xofit mqitQ/ov htntqitvyaa^^ wg^t^ ovv 
i Tor dXtitTQvdvja.nQiiaag^i7tl%t}g.xt»Q&g,to^ Undk^ 
^<»i<^fi ko^tviiV int^kmatv Sqati,. 9tal xmqi^v iittov' 



DE PYTflIAEOBA.C VUS. 115 

Qivijg ^gag qtairj tig av ysyovivai avfifioiop, ir j. 
^xgaTBiv a^;^STa^*%ov H^ ^iO^yHoi t6y z^^t^^^o 
diolvBiP' efye $u wx&^' ^pim$ wdv \kt6kl» ua* T6f 
.tilio»r M^i^^o ^^9Vi, i^ iv» ifi^idlainy* nai 4 JS^a- 
jtmv': ^ymq (6%t«f>) oix-citti vofilSieig^i dlka oiu 
tdv. ^lioV' dio^Btv <^v 'AxdUmvogf *tEy(ays, {tlniv) 
^ jov riXiov sT^ cFeAip*^. d^ aivj" fiiv ov noUd^ 
xig^vdi nmaiv dnoH^vnm t^ ^ltpv, 6 ^i ykiog 
jDfiQv TundvTug dyvouv t^ IdniUiMvanmoi^iitw, 
unoaxqiif^v 17; wa&ii^th vijr Suitfoiup dnb wvov^ 
xog im j6 qHUif6fdMfov. , • 

XUI. 'v&» TovTov< louip m^t/iiyjitdg 6 ^f^nim 
n^iTQ^ tC 9fi t6¥ ohov,. . ai KvipiUov totf dva^iv- 
aog, diXd Ko^in^im SvoftdSovoiw, dno^ d' cA^ 
siag if^ol'/ouv domir (M«»]f€M«m)y iudwavrimyiXdffag 
iye»-' Ti di [tUfOi^ Mti^ toiftovg. oidfu^ yyvm^t», 
ti f^fiovBvsiV^ -inmnhiffdvovg navtdnuoi», vfdh 
(uwu(foX»JzovpT(»v fJjul m^tb^ y^ ait&v fJMovo- 
f$ev liy^ymv,- oti,. t^^ Tv^vriHos- »aTaXv&iiai}g, 
J^ovXorTO.XoQiv&w^ adl tiv ip aiafix^^^^ dv^ 
i^idvTw nal t^ ivTapd^TOVTovl ^fimv^ imygd- 
i^tu T^g. n6Xt(ag, JiXq^ol f^iv ovv ii5iO0av,6g diHaio9, 
%ai avy^mgtiaav,^ *MXiiovg.if9 (fi&orqaavtag iftm^i' 
tfmf¥0 fififmix^w 'Jb0fU»v . S^^sv ovdelg ^ iusivov 
yiyovtp ^Jadfuav dyaviarns ^Oliiog* o d^ MoUovh*- 
9&V qt6vog b^ ^lfyaitXiovg wa^l JCX*(aviig, oiSiv i^n 
^iitahiog (mgtnOiVOfAiiovaiv) ^HXiioig tov i^t^ 
j^a». Toivavtiov ytd^ ^¥ aipm^ v^o^ov iV^^v, 

H a 



AJi^ 4«V<o KoQi^^iotg nQ0gKmgovHiff»v, iytt ^^ 

r J* .^iV. 'JSffvi ^ rhUMavdifav MalBgaaidov^^ 
tliMlwiv Qho¥ nfiiv ide*&v o mgtriynxrfg ;(vigipv^,i^y 
^ 'AJttvi^o^ fksivTo notettjg kmigag ofieXionoifftr* 
^vgoh ^vgx^94^fiV o Jioyivtmf6q* ^Bif Sga tijg (j(p. 
^ns (^^) ^Ms$ig *Fodmki8i fiivxagav Ttagaox^if!, 
Sttov t«s dsiidtasfpigovoa naja&^matt&v litcf&^v, 
Mowjtov de anQUaat t6v ofidSovJLov avi^;. xow S 
JStgaximv' Ti di TaXna ijfffi) fiaxdgupdvqxigai^ 
rtkSf ^« fiU^v Svtt>,ual tijvjigvoifv iv tolg axga-^ 
jfiyQig nal paadsvat &iaaai Mvriaagitiiv , riv Kgtjt* 
tiiiilm T^? t&v 'jSUfivonf wtgaaiag dvoKsiq^itgo' 
ffaiov. IBw ow o vsaviag' JSSta nBgl ^gifvti^ 
Cfipij) tovto r,v elgfffdvov t^ Kgdtrjtt; TToi * [^ntv 
Q JSsganimv) Mvffaagitrj ydg iKaUlto, tiiv di 4>^!if- 
rnv imHhiaiv laxB ^ trpf iixg6tti;tai nolXd de, 6g 
woiiis, t&v ovofidtm dnoxgifntovatv al nagmvfjiiai» 
,jnv yovv tAltSAvdgov l*fitiga, JloXvSivav, elta Mvo" 
.tdXfiv, 'OXvftnidda ta *ttl J^tgatoviitfiv ttXn^POi 
liyovai' Ti}y di Kogiv&iav JEv(jtfitiv,Sxgi vvvJKXtO" 
^OvXfjv natg6&$v ol nXtiatot rtaXotfatv* ^BgoqUXt^ 
di tnv*£gv&gaiav, fiavunfiv ytyofiivfiv, Si^vXXav 
TiQogfiydgsvaav* tSv Si ygafifMtiMW dnohaji na\ 
., thv AfiHit^v , Mvfiaiviriv , ?tal t^v ^Ogifs^fiv., !^«c6 v 
itftfifida&ai (paandvtifnf. ^AXXd n^ig, eg>fi, dtavo^ av, 
t^U^ag.ng^g t6v Oinufa, tovtl dtaiSiaai tQ nfQi 
, ^^g^$ifis^ aUiofia ; * 

Xy. K^tt^v^.i^af^fgdt^agi OSt»g, («*7re») 



DE P^tmAE OiRACVLIS. ' HJ 

Sg ^"xod &6i itg6styv:aUtP rd iMtgdTaratSip ^BUii^ 
yutwp nXijftftiXfiudrfav iXtyx^vrt. nu^dmg^yd^ 6 
'^^qAnjji ign&ifiLtvog iv KalXiovi^ ftvga noXtfut, 
'ji6vby,'ogxiqhs dinaidm btal nvfiiatfiatts , xa^^i^ 
J^ftoja lial yeXmonoiovg ogCav dvix^iai * xai od fio^ 
l^xsXioft^ltagyvvaiov tYgystvtov Ugov xg^adfterov 
'(S^a&ftajog ovn iXtv&tglwg, (pdvuy di xal naXiftioif 
iUA XtiiXaai&v dnttgxalg xat dtxdratg xixXi^ ntgttxo^ 
fttvov thv dtav Sgtav, xalrov vtitv axvXuv^JEXXrivt^ 
xurp' dvdnXta xal Xatpvguv, ov dvaxtgalvttg' ov9i 
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ytxwg haattf' ml.aa(pwg (fiQo^v,. v^v Hi jijg liv^ 
;&i(xg (fofviiv ual difUtMTOv^gitBg ix ^vftiltig, «uc 
dv7if}UVT0V,- ov8i UtifV, dX£ iv fiitgtjf ital oyx(^ »si 
nXdafjLan x^xf fjma^fioqoitg ovoffaisav, xalfiBi^ avlot 
(p&syyofjiivfi^ pfaqixstv d^totfiBV, 

X^Ul. Tl ovv qn^aOfiuv tm^ wv naXatmVf ovx 
tv, dkXd jtXslova^. olfiati nqj&tov ftsv ydq, Sgmq 
^^Vtah td TtXfiawtt^lvahMo^ialoyddi^ dmtg^iy^ 



DE PYTBUE ORACVLia. 127 

yovta. M%iqQV di wd awfidtuv iiieyits MguaJStgnal 
qthaug^ 6r^q6vQg. ^iivog^ tVQom %i xa» qtoq^V ixoif^ 
aag nq6g nol^a^v ,.e&g ii&vg iiuYivovio nQo^vftlal 
Mal iqfiffl 9tal 7Htqaa^9val ^vx^g, ktotfi6ttiT0t no^ 
ovaou^ ^fMtqSg .(Sfa&tv aqx^S ^oi^ 7ieiQatqon?ig loi 
g>avtaaJinov diofdvriv,, ug. sv&vg Smta&at^ ngdg t6 
ouuiop ov iM^ov, 6g Uyti^' ^tXivog,. datQoX6yov!^ 
xcw qnXoa6q>qvg, aU'>^ oIj'^ tt noXX^ Halnd^Bt 
jgtrofifvmv, otKtov ttvtg vnoqfviviogf.fJxfxqSgnqog-' 
nwoiat^iUadiOvav ulg hivi66v y^v,.iqwttHav %t 
UfitttnifitTtkavto^tqm^ ual ^ofidtmv %d avfiiaoata 
,%al td fitfiUa yqdfifiitm, 6 d* Kvqaii6t\g,ilnfav 
is "Eqai6.'noifitr^v iiSdoxH ,. xqv SfAOvaog p tonqlv, 
imrfn^ii^f ^^ ^^^^n^ ^* fA.ovaUnv sqfog ii^a-^ 
fj^^ ovx ivji9%qt3fjv^)ndqxov0av 6k mvii,}ial dva^ 
&fiqfjtaivii^ kav^dvovamv xal dqyovaav^ ^ fii^diva 
vvv iqqy, 0) IsVCf.U^lS^cy,. dKld giqittdov olxiO^ott 
t69^ Sqomi, otti /ii^qotSf op^dg ovdi ^doiig. ^lfi<fpa 
naiHiibtg,, Sgnsq JSHrdaqos '^qxrj,. tQSavu fiiX^qiag 
vfnvovq, a/U' utono'»* sqf/mg^ ydq ott noklol tSHv 
dvt^nmv intfsxgiq^rtat ,. iftvxalg 6fitXovvi£g om 
^wfvwg. oviiiktotfiiftjg. nqog fioi/a^K^v ixoiaaig, avuv^ 
hot fuv i(p(l Sh}qok.t .Ac^o^ 6i oudiv ^tt^v tlat xai 
ikdnvqot t&v TtakatMV, 5,u ovds Saiov timXv liHar 
I6v «#c dviqaatog ^v fi uHudnfiia,. xal 6 ^mqdtovg 
Hul HXdtmos X9q6gf ^v l6yotg fiiv fqafttHQig^ivTv 
^ejy iari, ^t^fiotu d» ovh dnoUlpinaat» tL8* ir 
nql^imt^ ^ovXiyoyiog iqoittH^v f^ovriv ytyovivut ^an^ 
^vk yvvaUtQv t. d. fiocyTix^y fi6vfiv q^aHWV ytyovi» 



128 PLVTARCHI 

yffi JSl^vkXWf n»l Ll^MrToWiray, stcrl wnxt Stdftitgmi 
i&tfihtivacty. 6 fit» yag cllvog, mg &U/« Xttt^rifiw, 
tois tgdTfoig xegavwtm t&uf mv6ttw 6 di fiart^ 
%6q iv^ovaiaofidg, Spng 6 ifmix6gi XVV^ ''S ^^'^ 
xt^fiivf) dvvdfui, mI*iv& t&v dtiafiivwip tnaotov 
tiaS^ o Ttiipwur. 

XXIV. Ov fi^v dUd xai t6 YoD &to^ %o& t^f 
ngovolas anoTtoifvtei, o^pdfu&a itq^g th piXtiov yt- 
ysvtifiiv^v trfv futapoX^^v* ifioip^ ydq Ibixa vof/l^ 
afiutoq ti Toi; Idyov x0*^» ^ ddxtfiov fiiv ervTo9 
t6aifV!ri&ig iatt xal yvwf^ifiov, alXfiv iv aXXotg XH^ 
. votg iaxvv Xaftfldvovtog, ^ ovv Sri X6yov vOfiU 
afiaaiv ixf&vto fiitqOigxal fiHtat xal^daig, m- 
aav fiiv lotogiav xal <fiXoao<piav, ftavdi nd&og, 
&g anX&g dniiv, xal ngayfia anfifvotiqag tptsmlg did.» 
ftsvov iig ftonitix^v xal fiovatx^^v ayavttg. a ydg 
ftdvov vibv oUyoi fidXtginatovat^ t6t9 dij ndvtfg 
'9jx^o&vtOt xttl Bxff^igov fdoftivotg fi$iXofi6ta* tt ug6^ 
tat tt, 6qvt&oX6xot tt, xatd Blvdagov. dXXd vnd 
t^g ngdg notffttxrjv. initfidii6tf];tog, ol nXiUnoi 9td 
Xiffttg xal ^^ ivovMtow, inag^atdJiovto, nagt^ 
xiXeifovto, fii&otg xal nagotfiidtg inigatvov, In Ss 
"Suvovg, &i&v ivxdg, naiSvag, iv fiitgotg inbtovvto 
Xtti fiiXiatp, oi fiiv dt 9V^vtav,ol di dtd awii&itav. 
ovxoljv ov^i fidffttx^ x6afiov xaiix^gttog i^Mvn 6 
'&idg, ovdi dniiXaiuviv iv&ivdi TMMdniiy^y uoxfaav 
tot tginodog, dXXd in^yito , fiuXXov iyilgm tdg 
ftotfittxdg <fiaiig xai danaiifiivog, avt6g ti <pavta* 
aiag ividiSov,xai awiiiuQfitt t6 aofiaqdv xal X6yto0 



DE PYTHfAE ORACVHS. 129. 

HBtuPoXriv Sfia tiug rlz»^ »«* *«% qp^ijffft XafA^d'' 
ifdPtog, i^ia^ovaat^ nsgttt&v ri x^^ia, xghpvXovi 
-h xqvaoljg utp^qu, ntdl ivatldag fiaXa)ing aTnjfupla^ 
Jp, ueti aov xal itdfirjy aopaqmiqav dnixttQe, xal 
vniXvas xo&oqvov, ov q>avX^ id^t^Ofibvettv avtixaX" 
X^jtKta&ai ng6g ti^v noXvtsXstav svtsXsla, xal tb 
tnpfXsg xal Xttdv iv x^aftta tl&sa&ixi fiSXXop, rj rd 
aofiagdv nal nfgisgyov ovt^ toi) X^yov' avftfxsta" 
P&XXovtog Sp« xal avvanodvofisvov, xatiprj fih 
vn6to^fiiigmy,aqnsg6xrjfidj(av, ^latogia, xal 
f^ ns^i^ piiXtata rot; fiV&Adovg dnsxgi&rj t6 oilij- 
&ig' tpiXoaofpia 6s th aaqisgxal dtdaaxaXixdv Sana* 
actfiivfj fiuXXov ?) td ixnXrjttav, diti Xdytav inoistt^ 
rijy irjtrjmv aninavas ds t^v Ilv&iav 6 •dsdg, yrv* 
gtttaovg fisv ovofidiovaav toilg avrrjg noXijag, 6(pto^ 
66qovg bs tovg Snagttatag, ogsdyag ds toyg av-^ 
9gag, jogifinotag 6s tovg notafiovg' a^sXtoivds tcSi» 
Xgrjafiwv snrj xal yXmaag xal nsgt^g&asig %al dad* 
q>stav, ovTco diaXiysa&at nagsaxsiaas totg xg^vi' 
voig ug v6fiot ts ndXsat dtaXiyovtai, xal paaikslq 
ivtvyxdvovat drifioig, xal fia^rjtal' dtdaaxdXcdv d-^ 
igoiavtat,' ngdg t6 avvstiv; xa} iu9av6v agfioi6fis* 
»og, 

* XXV. JSi ydgHdivm xg^ "f^^ 9e6v, Sg ^i^a» 
'2bipoitXJg\ '' * ' . '''"* -' 

2b'f67g fily%lnxtfj^w9shq>^ttiv rfrf, * 

Mhddtil^giiqiiiviiag^^M^^iHm^ 
FbTr.Mo&.ni. I 



150: PLVTAHeHI 

ovfmstapAlXovau toX; SlXoig n^iyfjuiai/if, um num 
iou (Ahy io.fi^ aifyfi^Bg.fifii^i jtoiv6v, ttl£ SdoSow a- 
tfX^&g *a* mgimtpftaiUvor , tlgvn^vei€W'6ai^fitog 
uvdyovtag innlTiTtta&at *o» aipea&m tovg nol'~ 
^oig * vatSQoy di t6 aa<p&g *a$ ^(fdi<&g txaaw %al 
u4 aitv oy*<ff /Atids nXdafuiti fimr&apBip dytenwttg, 
^ti&Pto trjvntQuutfiivfiP totg.XQ^ffl^^k nol>ia*v, ov 
u6voy WQ dytinQdttovaavtfj yofiau.nQ6g.t6,mXfi^ 
&igt dad^ttdpTt xal axtdy r^ ipQaiofUvff /u»/rvov« 
aav, dlXd fidfixaltdg futm<pQgdg ntal td alviyfAdta 
tutl tdg.dfMp&fioXiag,. ^gmg fivxovg xai xata<p»ydg 
ivdiiMd-aif xal dvax^Mft tf'njaiovt$ nino^tifUvaf 
ttig. fmPtix^g. v<p§9itg&vto^. noUuv d* fiv dxoimVt 
0T( noifitixoi: ti^i^ Sv<^gfg.ixdi^fLSvo$', tdg. <p9»vdg 
Kft« vaokafiPdvovttg.ht- xd&tivtat ntgl t^ X^^^'''^* 
Qkov, hTni xal fjUtga^xal.^v&fiovg.olotf dyytim t<tig 
Zgfiafioig ix tou. ngoatvx6inog.mginlixovtti*. *Ovo* 
fidxgttoi d' ixiivoi xal JIgod6ta^»al IStviamvtg.oafiv 
ditittv fiviyfiavto t&v- xg^Ofi&v, , wg Tgayojdidv av» 
tolg.xal oyxoV' ov&iv dtomivotg ngQg&iytag,i& Xi^ 
ytiv' oids ngogtivattdg.futaPoXdg* 7il<i(aTi}9 /lir* 
TOi.no<i}TiJci}yr ivinlfiaev dSoSldg .t6: dyvgtm^p xal 
dyogaiov xa$ - mgli td fiyitg^a xa$ atgdxna ^fto* 
Xoxov xalnXaviafAtvov yivog, ol fdvavtd&tv, oi 8i 
xatd xXiigotftx ttvioV' ygaf*fiati<iiy xon^f^ovg ntgai- 
vovttg.oixitaig, xal yvvaidig, vno tuv fiitg<aV' ayo^ 
fiivotg. fi<iXi<nu xoH Tot)< Troi^TiKou. t&v ovofidtw ' 
Sdtv ovx iptma noifittx^ doxovaa xoivriv ifinagi' 
Yf IV. iavx^ijf dnatt&at xaiX y^fiqiv dv&gwiQig fmi 



DE PYTHIAE ORACVLIS. i3t 

y/BvdoudhftBd^y , i^mas iijg dkfj&das xa* to^ t^^ 
hodog, 

XXvI. Ov tolvvr ^avfidaaifA JSty , d di7tX6ri$ 
ttpdg edu xal mgiayto/ijg xal daaq^lag eatiy ott 
tdXg naXaioXg, ovJi ydg 6 dslva xaxipaivt fiu Jla 
mgl utr^g dvdgan69ov jf^i^aJ/ccyo^, ovdi 6 dstm 
nsgf igyaaiag* dHd n^ltig f^iya dvvdiitvai, xot* 
Paadeig' tial tvgavvot lUtqtov ov&iv q>Qovovvttg, 
ivntvyxotyov "t^' ^t^ ntql nQayfidtm' ovg dvi^v 
*al na^vvttv dnsx^tla nolXd tSiv djiovl^taiv a- 
novovtag^ OVH iXvaitilet toig mql td j^^OTi}^toy. 
ou mi&ttat ydg J ^tdg t^ Evgtnidrj oigmg vofAO^ 
^ttovnt xa» Xiyovtt^ ^oifiov dv&gotnoig fi6yov 
Xqf^ . ^tamtA^iiv, XQ^^^S^^ &V7ito%g VTtfjgitaig 
ualnQoqiritaig,. m fjtrfita&at nQogriutt *at ipvXdt' 
tttv, ontog %m dv^g&miv ovn dnoXovvtat novrigm 
^t^XatQthontg, dipaviisiv fjtiv ov &iXtt t6 dXti&eg, 
nagatqinm di trjv HiiXfoatv avtwv, xa^dntg avyfjv • 
iv TJ9'. notfiittx^ noXXdg dvaxXdattg XafApdvovaav, 
talnoXXaxov mgtaxi^ofiivriy , dtpfjgti t6 dvtitvnov 
avtotf' xai'ayXrig6v, f^v di aga xal tvgdvvovg dyvo^ 
^'aatxal'noXtfjii6vg firf ngoaia&ia^at» tovtotg ovv 
ntgtipaXsv vnovolag xai dft^tXoyiag, a? ng6g tti' 
govg dnoxgifntovaat t6 qiga^fitvov , ov dtiqftvyov 
adtovg y ovdi nagtxgovovto toitg dtoftivovg xal 
ngogixovtag. od^tv tvfi9iatat6g iattv 6 twf ngth 
yfidtfoy htigay ytyoy6tOiy, ti firpiitt Toy avT^i' ^fdv 
tg6noy, dXi! stigov olttat dtHv porj&siy 6 &t6g iy- 
taXSv xal avxoipavitay.' 

I 3 



1.-52 PLVTAKCHI 

XXYfl. "En Totvvv ov&h ajt6 noitiUKijg Xoya 
Z^aiiifaxeQOV vndgx^h tov dt&ivta fiSTQOtg td q>ga^ 
i6f*Bva Hal avisTtkaxivTa (lallov fjiVfifioviifHi&ai xa» 
nQavsia&ai, jotg fisv ovv tdte noXlrjv idti fJtv^tiv 
naQBlvau noXXd ydg iq>Qd^eTO xal Toitojv arjfisia 
xat ngd^siav naiQol, xdl ^swv isQa dianovTioiv , xal 
^Qwav dnuQ^ijTot ^xat xal dvgs^tVQSTOi fiaxQov 
mnatQOvat tijg *EU.ddog, toTS yuQ tov Xtov xal 
KQiiTivoy xal Nriatxov xa» ^dXav&ov, aXXovg js 
noXXoifg fiysjidvag OTdXotv oaoig sdst TSHfii^Qioig »- 
v^QslvT^v didofiivfjvixdaTto xal nQog^xovaav XSqv' 
atv%oKV svtoi xal HtrifidQTavoy, mgnsQ Bdttog. sXsU 
ynQ ixnsasiif, ov xaTaXafiay i<p ov inifAq)&fj t6* 
nov, sha fjxs dsvTSQOv notvt&juvog, vnsinwv ovv 
6 ^sog' 

'Hdarv ifisv Atpbav fiaXoTgddpov oidag Sqsiov, 
Mrj iX&diV iX06vtog' ayav Syafiat aoifiriv asv* 
ovTto ndXtv avtdv iisnsfiif/s, Avaav^Qog ds xalnav" 
xdnaaiv dyvoriaag .t6v ^iQxsXldrjv X6<pov xa»!^fA<tf- 
woxov nQogayoQiv6fuvov %al T6v*OnXit9iv notafAov, 
yrfg ts dQdxovra vi6v dcXtov xaT6nia&sv t6vTa, fid" 
Xfi HQaTfi&stg, snsasv iv Totg T6noig ixslvotg vn6 
TSsox^iQOV 'AXiaQTlov dv^Q^g danida (poQOvvTogini-' 
OT] fjiov ^(fiv sxovaav, &KXa ds TotatiTa nolXd dvg^ 
xd&sxTa xal 6vgfivrifi6vsvTa tuv naXatSiv dts^tivai 
nQog vfiag sl66tag, ovx dvayxaUv ioTt, 

XXVm. Td ds vvv nQdyfjtUTa rta&saTbna, ns-^ 
Qt av iQtoTOiat tov ^s6v, dyanSt fdv syays xal d- 
€7tdJ^0fAaf noXX^ yuQ elpiji'17 xal {av//a^ ninavtai 



DE PyTHIAE ORACVLIS. I53 

di noXffiOSy xa» nXdvai Ttal araauq ovtc tlalr, ovSk 
Tvgavyidt^, ovds u^Aa voafjfAaTa xal xaxd Tijg^Hl" 
Xddog, cS^TTf^ noXvipag(jLdi(wy^ dvvdfiitoy XQiHovja 
xal TtSQinSiv, onov ds jioixlXov ovdiv, ovlf dno^ 
^TOV, ovdi dsivov, uXX* im Ttgdyfiaai fnnQolq nal 
SrjfiOTtnotg iQwtiiatiq, olov iv axoXfj TiQoidaHq, tl 
yctftritiov, el nXtvaTbOV, el davHariov. td di fii/i" 
aivt 7i6Xe(av fiainsvfiaia, qtoQag xagnwv nsQi, xal 
fiotwv imyovijg, xal afafjkdxmv vyslag' ivTav&a 7T9- 
Qi^dXXstv fiirga, jtal nXdttsiv nsQKpQdasig, xai 
yXwroag indytir nvafiaaiv anXrig xal avviofiov dso" 
fiivQig unoxQlat(o^, sgyov iatl qnXotifiov aoq)iatov 
xaXXtmi^ovtog inl dd^rj %Q7iatiiQtov. ^ de Hv&ia 
»at Xtt^' avtijv fiiv iati ysvvaia xd rj&og, otav ^* 
iksl xatiXd^ji xa\ yivr}tai nuQa tw •&sw, nXiov dXri' 
&(ia^ ixsivrj fiiXu ^ So^g, xal dv&Qsimfov inatvoisv 
tfov, ij ipsydvtoiv. 

XXIX. "Edst di fatag xal rjfiag s^Hv ovtag* vvv 
di wgnsQ dyatvtoivtsg xai dsdi6isg, fi^ tQtaxtXioiiy 
itMV dno^dXji Jo|ay 6 tonog, xfjtX xov XQ^otrjQiov 
xa-ddnsQ aocptatov dtatQtp^g anoipottriaaatv svtot, 
' xonatpQovriaavTsg , anoXoyoifis&a xal nXdaaofisv 
altiag xal Xoyovg vnsQ uv ovi* Xafisv , ovt stdiva* 
nQogijxov rifiXv satf naQafiV&ovfisvot tdrv iyxaXdvV" 
ta xal nsi&ovtsg, ov xaiQitv iwvtsg, 

Avtio yaQ ol ngmov dvtrjQQttSQOV €atai, 
roiavtriv sx^vtt nsQt toD &sov dd^av wgw tavtl 
ftiv td nQoysyQafifiiva tZv aoq>Sv , to rvia&i aav- 
t6v, xal td Mrjdiv ayav, «mdix^^^»' 9toi» Oavftdit* 



134 PLVTARCHI 

TC ovx fiitiata did Tijv PQa/vXoylav, mg nvxvbv xa\ 
a<pVQTilajov vovv iv oUyw nsffUxovaav oytua- toiis 
dk x^afAovgt QH avvidfitig nal unlM^q fial St ev« 
Mag xd nluaxa ^^fovaiv, aluua&e, xal Jct xot* 
avta^iv dnoqidiiyfAata i(av aojqiSiv taiidv totg tls 
QtBvdv aw&Xi^Ha^ niTtov^s Qiiffiaatv. ov ydq tx^i 
toXf voZ dioipiv,' ovdi dtavyBiav, d3X Idv aKon^g, il 
yiygaTttui • xal XiXtittai mgl avitav toXg onoig exa- 
atov €^6t fiovXofdvoig xatafia&uv, ov (^itagtoh' 
tav X4yovg itigovg svQriasig jiaxQOtiQOvg, ^ di i^g 
JJv^iag dtdXsKtog, &gntQ > oi (ia^fiattxol yQafAfiijv 
tvd-sXav xaXovat f^v iXaxlattiv iiav td avxd niqat^ 
ixovdoiv, ovtfog ov Ttotovaa xafjLnr^v, ovdi xvxXov^ 
ovdi dmXdriv, ou^' dfiq>i^oXlav, dXXd si&tia ngbg 
?i)v dX^&stav ovaa, n^dg di niativ inWff^aXiig xal 
vnsi&vvog, oiMva xa^* avt^g sX^x^^^ ^XQ^ ^^^ ^^' 
gadiduxsv, dva&rifidim di xai 8ioQ(av iptninXfixs 
fiaQfiaQix&v xal 'JEXXrjVtx&v td X^^^VQ^^^t olxodo' 
(Aflfidtuv di xdXXtai xal xataaxsvalg !dfjL<ptxtvovtr 
xaig, OQiits d^nov&sv avtol noXX^ fAtv intKttafjti' 
va t&v nQ6ttQov oix ovtav, 9SoXXd 6' dvttXrififdva 
tSv avyxexvfiivfav xal dtsif&aQfAivoiV &g di toig 
si&aXiai tm ^ivdQ(ov itsQa nuQapXaatdvsi, xal 
tqig JshpoXg ri JlvXdia avvrifi^ xal avvava§6ax^ 
tai, did tdg ivtsv&sv svnoQiag axfjfioi Xaft^dvovaa 
xa\ fAOQ<pijv xal x6a(/iov Uq^v xai avvtHQUav xal v- 
ddtwv, olov iv xi^ioig sttat tolg nQ^UQOV oix tXa' 
fifv* oi ftiv ovv ntQh tdyaXd^iov t^g Botmiag xa- 
toixovvtts ^a^ovto tov ^to^ triv int<pdvtutv, i-- 



DE PYTHrAE ORACVLIS. 135 

^doyiflf xtu ntgiovaliji ydXaHiog. ^ttqofidtm yiig ix 
ndyxfoy xtXd^^tv, iu$ 0716 XQrjvdwr {pigtinoy vdng, 
SriXeor ydXa * rol Ss inifxnXm iaavfifvoi ni&ovg* 
daxdg y ovu ni dfjtqfOQtifg iXlvvvt ddfiotg, niXXat 
di l^vXtyoi nidot nXua&ev anavttg»" ^fjttv Ss Xafi- 
ngdjega nat xQiijJova xal aaq)iaTS(^ afifiiia tov- 
janf^vadiSwaiPfSgntg i^ avxf^ov tijg^^ngda&ev iqti" 
fUag xal mviag, ivnogiav xal Xafin^rrjta xal ti« 
fti^v mnaifjxmg. xaixot i^iXm fiiv ifiavjdv i(jp o^ 
iysviifMrfif klg idngdyfiotatavta n^dvfiog xai xfth' 
atfiog fietd ^JJoXvxQdTOvg xal Ustgaiov , qnX& di 
tdv xa^ytfidva taittrig i^g noXtttiveg ytv6fUV0V ^- 
fiiv xa\ td nXiiata tovtav lxq>(fOvtiiovta xal na* 
Qaaxtvdiovta* dXX* ovx 'iattv aXXug tti trjXtxai>triv 
xdl toaaifttiv fittapoX^v iv oXiyt^ XQ^^V ytvia&ai 
di^ tiv&Qwnivrig intfitXtiag, firi ^tov nag6vtog iv» 
tt^Ba xal avvim&ttdiovtog i6 -x^atrigtov» - 

XXX. kilX* cS^^ iv ^oig t6tt x^votg rjaav ol 
tiiv Xo^trjta t&v XQ^^l^^^ ^ot^ dadq>ttav aiTtd^fJU" 
voi, xal vvv ftatv oi i6 Xiav anXovv avxwpairto^v» 
ttg. &v xal adtx6v iat* xofiiSfj xal d^XttQov t6 
nd&og, xal ydq ol nMtg tqtdag fjtdXXov xal aXiag 
utti x6fititag, ij atXiivrjv xal rjXiov Sg&vttg ytyrida-- 
bt Ka2 dyan&af xal ovtoi td alriyfiata xal tdg 
dlXijyoQiag xdl tdg fotctfpoQdg iijg ptavttxiig .aya- 
xXdattg ovaag ng6g to -dyrit^v xal q>avtaattx6v, 
imnoBovai' xqv tijv dliiav fitj ixavwg nldoiytiH 
tVfg fdnaffoX^g, dniaat tov &tov xatayv6vtfg, ovx 



136 PLVTARCHI 

vi/mv oid* aiwp, &g udwditav ovnav^t3tv%la&M 
tf} Xoyiaii^ TTQog t^p Tov ^eoD didvokuv^ 



nAOYTAPXOY 

nEPi 

TSIN EKAE AOinOT SIW 

XPHITHPISiN. 



•^sjovg wag^ ^ xtntvovg, £ Ttgiyjia II^Iqh$, ^y^ 
^ola/ouaiv ojid t&v axQav rijg y^g inl x6 fiiaov 
q^SQOfiivovg slg taitd avnmasXv Ilv&ol^ mQl t6v 
^aXovfisvov ofupaldv. vajsgov di X9^^'if .''^^^ ^ai* 
cuov *Ejtifisvibr^v iliyx^vta t6v fiid-ov in$ jod 
^soVt xa* kafidvta xQV^t*6v daaq)^ jtai dfig>ifiolov, 
unslv • 

Qvi9 ydq mv fain^g fiiaog 6fi<pal6g^ aidi ^aXda- 
atig' 

£l di Ttg iait, ^soig i^Xog, ^vi^Toiai if aqfavtog. 
ittsivov fisv ovv slxdtfag 6 &s6g ^fivvaTo, ftv&ov 
naXatov, xa&dnsQ Hiu/QaipifiaTog aip^ dnomtQ^ 

fiSVOV, 

II. ^OXiyov di nQ6 nv&tfoif twv inl KciXXiaTQd' 
%ov, nQ6g ^ag dn6 tav ivavtUav T^g oixovfiivTfg 



J)E DKFECTV ORACVLORm 13/ 

nsgdwip itvxop Spd^g U^^l diro avpdQafAdrteg tlg 
^^<^ovg, Jfifi^^jQiog fASV 6 yQafifiartMdg in BgsTja^ 
viag ilg TaQo6p avaxofAiC^fJuvog otxads, KXtifiligo» 
%9g de 6 jiaxsdatfAiviog, no^a fih iv jdyvTnoi xal 
ntgl r^v TQwyXodvtai^v yijv nmXavtjfiivog , ndqifa 
di -sj}^ *£QV&QSg ^aXdoarig^ dvamnXsvxdig ov xaj 
ifinoqlav, u)£ dvifq q>iXo&BdfiUV , xal (piXofAO&ijg, 
ovaUfv di Ix^v Uctvriv, «a» id nXtlova xdv ixavwv 
^stv ovx offioy noXXov notovfjtsvog, iXQ^to tjj oxoXfi 
ngdg la totavra, xal aw^ytv ioJOQiav, ohv vXriv 
^tXoaoqtlag ^soXoylav, vgmg avrdg ixdXtt, TiXog 
ixovatfg. vmar} ds ytyovw^ nag ^Afiftvtva, tu uh 
iXXa T&v ixti d^Xog^ *iv firf ndw Th&avfjiaxiag , mQt 
ia Toli Xixvov Tov dafiioTOv dirjytvio X6yov a^ior 
€novSijgy Xsydfjuvov vn^ t&v IfQimv. dsl yuQ tXaT- 
Tov dvaXiaxttv tXatov hovg kxdoTov, xal tovto not' 
ua&ah TsxfATiQtov iatlvovg Trjg twv ivtavr&v dvafia- 
Uag, T^tTtQOV Tov nQodypVTog dtl tc^ XQ^vta pQU- 
XVTSQOV Ttotoharjg. tlxbg ydg iXdxTOYt ;^^dyo) t6 da- 
naviofAtvov sXaTjov ttvat, 

IIL OavfAaadvTm di tuv naQ^vxm, tov di 
ilriftfiTQiov xa\ yiXoiov q^riaavTog^ tlvut, dno fAtxQur 
nQayfidi(av 0VT1O fitydXa ^fjQav, ov xax ^AXxalov 
^ owxog t6v XiovTa yQUipovTag, dXXd dQvaXXidt 
xal Xvxvf^ t6iv ovgavdv Ofiov xal Ta ovfAuavTa fAt- 
^tardvTag, xal t^v fAa&fjfAaTtx^v oQdrjv dvaiQO^v- 
Tag* 6 KXtdfAfiQOTog* OvUv, txpari, Tovmv diuiaQd- 
ittTOvg avdgag* dlXu To7g fAa&ijfAaTixoXg ov^ Vff^- 
QQVwt 7$g dKQi^^iag,' &g f*vMQv av IxuVov; btafpv- 



138 PLVTAaCBl 

fiauQay d(ptiJH»Kf€US , .^ f6 ftii^ kavwvg jotf il(U» 
,ov, nqogixovtag di) iw t^v numlaif xt^.TtQtqaJiAy^ 
tai, nagafpvXdtxorfag. t6 dk fttn(fd fi^ liMvai «i2-> 
f^^la ylvta&ak f^/dhav.^ cu ^mii^tq^, nolXdig iati, 
tixvaig ifiTto^v inkl mx* mlX&v fiar anodc^iBi^ 
naqaif^ua&uy avfifi^aaixn, nolluv idi n^ayo^it^ 
atig. uaitoi xal vfiHg ov fuuffdtf dnodiUpvwe n^- 
Yfia, UaivhO&ai fv^ xd aifiata vovg figmtg , ir" 
tvx6vttg ^Ofjnq^ ivQdv ovofidaart^* ut^ ^avUSiup 
inl tdxoig, oti novxgiog QipilXta&ai ^fntoiv, ov» 
viov, ov5* oUyov., ^; tov 6<fm$o&ai i6 av^&ai 
di^Xovvtog, (4V&K f^^ Tj}v vixta^&o^v ujwivtog, a- 
yaTtritSig ifiq>v»a&B t^v^^/mxt^ '^A tovx iHiivo 9«- 
ts (pfdiBo^i T^y OHtdv tjjg ;% vn avtov xnvui^p 
olaav dn6 og>aiQOBtdovg' Uti^WTiv de loifi&dig t^- 
Qog dgdxviotv nhfi&jtt ngodfihi^f nal ^qioug iagf- 
votg, ovavnogdiviig nodl tVKtXa yivf^tai,, ilg idati 
tav diiovvtm fiutgd anfitla ^^ yivta&at x&v fjLtyd- 
havf tig d* dvi^ttai ngdg x6a %a\ %othh\v vbaxog 
t6 toD riklov fjUyt&og fittgoifupov , ^ t^g ivtavd-a 
nXiv&idog, fj noui ymviav 6}^Xav ntxlifdvriv ngdgtd 
inintdov , ftitgov ilvai Xtyofdvnv tov i^gfiatog, S 
i^iQta$ t&v ndXm 6 dtl g>avtg6g dn6 tov Sgiiovtog. 
tavta ydg ijv axov^iy tiav iHti ngoipfitSiV, Satt ofi* 
Xo Ti XiyoifAsv ng6g avtovg^ tl p^vUfu&a t^ f^Xl^ 
uatd td ndtgia T^ veitofiiafiiv^v xdStv dnagdfia 
tov noulv. 

IV. Jlagm ovv avttp&vnotv UiifiuvtfiQ 6 qpUtf- * 



DE DEFECTV OKACVLORVM. 139 

oog>osi ov Toj ^Aiw ti6vov hmIv, alXd i^ovQav^ 
TtU9%L avaxsllea&ai yaq dmyHti i^v «tjo tqon&p 
im tQonag ndoodov aviov, nal (Jiijdtafiivtiv Ti?ii- 
xovTov fisQog ovaav tov ogiiovTog, yiUmv ol jua^q- 
^tutol Ityovatv, dlV ihdxiovayivw^ay, dtl ngdg 
%d fi6gsia r&v vaiitftv avvaY<ayriv kafifiavovmv, kuI 
to ^igog f\fiiv §qazvxsfOV, %al ipvxqoxiqav ilvat 
t^v HQaaiv, iv^otiQOi adfjLntovtog aviov, xa» fjui^i* 
v&y naQaXXrihov i(pantofiivov tolg tQonixoTg o^- 
fjuioi^ • It* ifi tovg fih iv 2vrivff yvdtfiovag, daxi^ 
ovg fiijxiti ifdiviaSat mgl tgondg ^fqtvdg, nolkovg 
ds vnodsdQafirfXivai tZv dnkavlav dateQfav iviovg 
ds ipavihv, xal avyxexva&ai ngdg dkXTtXovg, Tdi/5/a- 
atrifiatog iHXiloin^rog, sl d' dv (p^aovai t&v aXXiov 
ofjLoiotg ix6vtm dtaxttiv talg Hivtiasai toi' tjhov, 
ovTS tTiv fi6vov tovxov ix toaovtfav initajtvvovaav 
altiav slnsiv Xiovai, nal td noXXd tm xpaivofiivtav 
avvtaQd^ovai, td ds ngog atXiivriV xal navtdnaatv, 
Sgts firi 5sia&aL fiiiQm iXaiov, t^v dioifOQdv iXny 
%6vtoiV. ai ydQ ixXtifsig iXiyxovaiv avtov ts tjj 
asXnvrj nXsovdxtq intfidXXovtog, xal t^^ atXrivrig, tfi 
axi^,*td d' «ilA« drjXa, xal ovdiv dtl nsQaitigfa triv 
dXaiovsiav tov Xoyov dtsXittnv. ^AXXd fir^v 6 JKXt6fi' 
pQOtog t<fri , xai t6 fiitQOV av%6g sldov noXXd yoQ 
idtixvvaav. t6 5* initsiov dnidsi tm naXaiOTdtiav 
ovx oXiyov. vnoXaPm di dldtgoUfifimiog' iil- 
Ta tobg alXovg dv&QOinovg {tlnsv) tXa^s naQ olg 
Sa^sata esQantvstat nvQd, xal a&ibtai xq6vov i- 
fw, «s tnog slnslv, ansigov. ti d' ovv vno&M 



140 PLVTARCHI 

itg uhi^ig tlvai i6 XsyvfiBvov, ov ^iXji6¥ iaii ytv^ 
XQ^XTjT^oig aluua&al rtvag, xal vygdtriTag di^m, 
v(p &v 70 nvQ itaqaw6ftwov , uii6g iari ju^ HQaxsiv 
noXXijg /uij^e dtXa&ai tQO^fjg, ^ tovvavTiov ^jj^dTi}- 
tag xal &$Qfi6TJiTag ; ijdfi yuQ axijxoa Xty6rrtov Ti- 
v&v mQt To9 TtVQdg , wg iv xs^(i&vi xaUjai fiiXTioy 
'ind (i»(jifig,6igavT6avaT$XX6iiBV0PTij tpvxQ^niTt nal 
' nvxvovfjtsvev , iv ds Tolg avxfiolg i^aad^svsif xal yl» 
vwrah (tavbv xa* oItovov, %av iv r{XU^ nairiTai, x^^ 
Qov iQydSsTat, %al Trjg ^mg anjttat fMAanSg, xal 
uaTavaXlaxn PQddiov. fidXiOTa d* av tig Btg avtd 
' Trjy oiTiay inavdyono jovXatov ov yaQ Hnetx6g 
ioTi, ndXai fisv aTQoq>ov xal vdatt^g slvai, ysvvdt- 
Ubvov in fpvTadog viag, vOTeQOV ds nmr^fAivov iv 
ftXBiotg Ttal avvundfisvov, dn^ nXfi&ovg toov fiaX' 
Xov laxvuv xal TQiq>Btv fiiXTtov,- si dii TolgUjifivh 
viotg dvaaoaiftv, xainsQ uTonov xal dXl6xoT0V ov- 
aav T))v vn6&Botv, 

y. Ilavaafiivov di tov UfifMtviov MaXXov 
lB(fijv iyct)) jftQi TOV fjtavttiov disXi^s ^fuv, O) KXs^fi- 
pQOTB * fiBydXri yoQ ^ naXaid d6Sa Ttjg ixBi ^eidTij- 
foe, Ttt ds vvv lotxBv vnofiaQaivBodai, rov de KXf' 
ofiPQ6%ov ait&nStvTog xal xdTta fiXinovTog, o ^firi' 
iQtog* Ovdsv, eqni, dBi ttbqI tQv ixu nvv^dvsad-at 
xal dtanoQBlv ttjv ivTav^a t&v x^^t^Q'^ dfiUV' 
Q(oaiv, fiaXXov di nXrjv iv6g ^ dvtlv dndvTfov htXBi* 
yttv SQcjVTag* dX£ ixtivo axonBiv, dt ^v aUiav ov« 
Ttag i^a9ivrix8. xd ynQ dXXa Ti dsl Xiystv ; onov 
Tqv Botmiav svsxa /^ar^^Atfy noXvqxavov ovaav 



DE DEFECTV ORACVLORVM. I4i 

ip tmg itQ6Uqov jif^yo/?, vvv imXiXoine xoftiSfj, 
xa&dmQ vd^ttTa, xai noXvg imaxfixs /lartixijg uv^ 
Zl^og r^v x-^Qav • ovdafiov ydg dXXaxdO^i vvv, ^ ttf- 
gl ttfV udspadiav, ^ Botanla TTagixsi loXg ;r^i?£bv(j/v 
aQVGaadai uavtix^g, zwv d^ aXX(Ov rd fiev aty^ , id 
ii navTfX^g sqrjfila xaTiaj(ijxf. xahoiye mgl xa 
Mrfiixd jifv evdoxlftria€V ovx tittov, t6 TOV^Auq^td" 
ffta dnenftgd^r} fiiv aig toixev dfitpOTiqoiv, wg 6 ftiv 
Dvv Tov fjtaVTflov nqoqtfiTr^g qtwvfi AloXldi /^ucog, 
ro ngdg Tovg t&v paqPdQwv /Qiaifiov i^vfyxev, w^e 
lifjdiva ^vvflvat, dymv tuiv naQdvTav ov ixtlvov, w$ 
Tov iv^ovaiaafiov Tt toT? pnQpaQOig ovx eaTiv. ov 
didcT4Xi <)[)a)v^v 'jSXXrivida XaPeXv z6 nQogzaTtdfifvov 
inr^QeTOvaav. 6 de ntfiqOftg ftgl^ftcptdQfto dovXog 
edoSe XtfTa' xovg vnvovg vnriQfTrjv tov &fOv <paviv» 
za, nQwTOV ftev dno qottvijg ixfidXXfw avTdv, ^g Totf 
^fov fifj naqSvTog, emna Talg x^Qolv oj&tlv, inifii' 
vovTog de, Xi&ov evftfyi^rj Xapdvra lijv xfq>aXriv 
naTd^ai, TavTa d* iqv oignfQ dvTiqxava tSv yevriuo' 
fiivo)V • ^TTij^jj ydQ $ MaQd6vioc, ov Paailitug, «Ai*^ 
iniTQonov xal diaxdvov PaatXiag rjyovfiivov tuv 
^EXXrivttJV, xai Xi&to nXrjyfig entafv, bjgntQ 6 Avdog 
edoie nXriyrjvai xaTa Tovg vnvovg, rjxfia^e 8e TdT«. 
xal t6 ntQl Tdg TfyvQag XQV^VQ^^ 9 onov xal ye^^ 
via&ai Tov ^e6y iaioQOvat, xal vafidTtov dvelv na- 
Qa^fedvTOV, j6 fikv, qoivixa, ^dtfQOV d* iXalav xa- 
Wia&ai axQi vvv, mg eviot> Xiyovaiv, iv fiiv ovv toTg 
Miidixotg*JSx^^Qf^fovg nQoqriT^vovTog, dvelle vixrjfv 
%ai xgaTog noXifiov loXg "^XXrjaiv 6 &e6g* iv di tC 



142 PLVTARCHI 

Jlilonwpfiatttx^ itoUina z^riUoig iTtmaovat jijg vif- 
90V 9ixa» ;^^(7/u6y ix ^ftX^piav xofiia&tjmi, nQogtdx* 
toyra j6if tonov oirtvgBip, iv (a yiyovtv 6^in6lX(av, 
Mttl •&valag xivdg inBt uXiaai. &aviMtt^6viiav di *al 
^wnoqovvxtav , . et ju^ naq avxolg 6 ^tdg, dXJ! Its- 
ga^&i yty6vn, r^v Ilv^idv ngogavsXBtv, ou xo^ctti^ 
ipgda$i t6 xoJQiov avtolg, dnt6viag ovv iv XaigtO' 
nitjt ytviadah, xa* i?? navdoxivxgiag dxotfaai, ng^g 
uvag ^vovg ISaSi^ovtag ilg Ttyvgag nsgl xov XQ^ 
atfigiov duiXiyofiivfig * tmv di ^ivtav, (5c dnjjiaav, 
danalofiiv(av xal ngogayogsv^VTeav tiJv av&gtanov, 
onsg Qfvofid^sto , Kogavfiv, avvtiva^ 16 X6yiov, xal 
&vaetvtagiv talg Teyvgaig TV%iiv xa^6dov fjut oXi^ 
fov xg6vov, yty6vaat ds xal vsuttga^ TolTtav int» 
(fdvHat ntgl td fiavxtw Tovxa, vvv 3' ixUXointv 
&aT9 T^v aitidv a^iov tlvat nagd tu ITv&i^ dtano* 
gridat t^g fittalioXfjg, 

Yli ^B6ri 6i 7r«5 dhoToivtoi ngfiidvttg inltaug 
^vgaig t^g Kvidim Xiaxrig iyty6vnfitv • nagtX&6v' 
Ttgovv ^aoi, Tovg (piXoVg, ngog oflg i/iadiZofuv, loi- 
gSifuv xa^fiivovg,. x(u ntgifiivovTag r\fiug* i^v Si 
Toiv SXX(aP riavxid 9id t^v wgav , dXitq>Ofiiv(av <f 
&t(afisv(av tovg dd^Xritdg, xat 6 ^ftifii]tgiog diafAt^" 
Sidaag* 'VftvaofMui^tlntv) ijttvfjiov igion; doxttti 
fU>i fiiidiv ' u^fMf' axifiifit» did x^igvav l/efy. 6g(a ydq 
vfidtg vvtifiiv(ag.a(p6Sgot xa&rjfiivovgxai dtaxtxvfiim 
vovg Tolg ngoaianoig. hholaPm ovv 6 Mtyagtvg 
^HgaxUtav Ov ydg irjtovfitv (slqpij) to fidXXoi ^^fia^ 
TUftgpvtmv dlfotdtv Xdfifida xatd tov fiiXXovia 



DE DEFECTV ORACVLOR^. j43 

Xq6vo¥ cimXXvaty^ ov^ , cht6 tirwv cmX&v ovofittxm 

piXriatov iaxflfJMtiave». Tarifc» ypq tawg koI ra toi- 
avta avvrtint x&l avid&tfja* rd^^nQdacmov rd S* 
SlXet s^eartrmfS^vis rnnd x^f'^ ^XPVtag qttXoa^ 
ipfiv %ttl S^^$hf, . aT^e»'/4i} dtnvov ^Xino^rag , iiTidi 
XaXeTiaivevtag.itoX^ na^vifirr Ji^aa^i ovv, 6 /Sn}^ 
ft^tgiog, ^fAog', $^^ xal fu&^ rifi&v X6yov, og drj 
nffogTriirtmuv rifuv oin$log-&v toO rdrrov, xa» dtd 
rhif &i6r anaa* n^giiimv nt^oni^ov: avvalirt 
rdg 6q>Qvg imx9i^ovvr$g axoniits: 

Vih 'Jlgovif ckftfilx&vifj^tv dia%a&tS6fuvo*, nal 
jifovpaXiv tlg fda^v o^-Jfif^iit^iog.rdv X6yov, tv&ifg 
mvantidfiaotg d««t/vtxd^ Jtdv/hg^ inikXfiaiv JlXavij* 
rtd9fig,. xalt rjj fiaHtfigia Sig.ilj rgtg,^ardStx^ , dvt» 
fi6fja9V* *Iov. ioii, diwgirov ngayfta xa* ^firiiattog 
diofjttvov noXX^g, .^n m xoftiiovrtg.fifuv* ^avfiagov 
Yd>q iartv, tl roaaiftfig.xaxia^. vhoxtxvfiivfig ftrj fio- 
vo¥f &g nqotinty'B6iodoq^ fuSwg xai vifjttatg rov 
wv&qmntvov fiiov imoXttXoinaaw, ^dHiXd %ai ngovota 
^^tSv' avaxtvaaaftivfi' rd ^if^i^aT^^e» navraxo&tv ol- 
Zttat^ rovvavriov d' vfuv iyf» nfofidXXfa dianogri' 
oat, . nwg ovjfi xa^rort dnti^xtv, ovds 'HQOxXfjg ] 
tbvdt^. fj rtg.aXXo^&tSi^vnianaxe' r6v tginoda, xcr* 
tantfinXil^vov aMx^&p xtdd&itov iQmfjfJtdrojv, a ' 
T« &t^ nQofidXXowMff . olfuv &g ooqHafoif dtdmt^ 
ifavXaftfidvoyrtg^.Joldintigi&fiaavg&v fj xXfigovo^ 
ftmv, i^ ydfitty n0lgay6fi»iy*6tfQiitr&vrti' wgrt xnrn 
xg^rogJfyXij^ft^&ttirdv nv&ayogav tmovta, /Jfi- 



144 PLVTARCHI 

rlatovg iavrav ylnd^dU rovg viv^q&novg, ottxvnQSt 
loig &Boifg PabiiC/miv, ovttag a xaXwg tlx^v, av^ 
^gmnov nQtG^vtiqov nOQovxog aqv%la&at xa» dna» 
ntqvnxHV voori(Acna rijg ^vx^g «o* nd&fi, ratfta yv* 
IVfd Ttttl neQi(pavii xoiUlovaiv inl tbv Mv, %ti di 
avtov povXofiifov liyziv, S ts^BgaxUiav imk&ptxo 
rov tgi^oivog, x^yd», azed^ andvttav avt^ (rwri&i* 
atatog oiv JJavs (siqpfjf) (u g^lh nXavtitiddfj, nO" 
g(^hv(av tdv ^tiv zviQYijftog ydg iistk xa* ovngaoQ^ 
uatsHQi&ij ds ^vatotg dyavditatog sfifASV, &g ipijcrty 
6 IlivdaQOg, nal cTtc ^Xi6g iat^v fVti jtvgiog riXiov, 
xal nat^Q, xai intHBiva rov SQOtov navthg, ovn et- 
n6g dnaliovv ((xav^g toiig vvv dv&Q&npvg , oig aX^ 
tiAg iati ytviamg xal jQO(prig, xa\ toD tlvai mal 
qiQoyeiv, ovd^ &/ia trjv nQ6voiav,iigmQ Bvyva(jiov(X 
fjLfiriQa Hol X^iJCft^Vj ndvxa Ttoio^aav rjfCiv, %a\ g)V- 
Xdttovaav, iv (a6vu fivrjairtanov eivai tfj (lavtaijji 
nal tavtrjv dipaiQua&at dovaav i^ cIqxv^' ^rtsQ 
ovxt xttl tots nXti6v(av ovt(ov iv nXtioatv dv&Qmn(ov 
novjjQlay, ots noXX(Xx6&tv tijg olxovfiivrjg ;|f^aTiJ^ca 
xa&statiiHti, dtVQO dn ndXiv Madiaag, ital nQogt^p 
njoiKittv, rjv tVai&ag dtl tto X6y(a noXdSBiv, nv&txdf 
ixtxstQiac ansiadfitvog, Mqov jtvd fis&* rjfmv aitiav 
^rjtst tfjg XsyofUvrjg lnUiiftsddg r&v x^otrjQidiiv, t6v 
ds &t6v sv/ASvtj (pvXatts ncH dftrjvttov, iydt fjtsv ovv 
tavt tindfv toaovtov d&snQaSdfirjv, oaov dnsX&sTv 
Std &VQSiv aioinfj t6v UXavrjttd^r» 

VIII. 'Havxias ds ysvofiivrjg iii oXiyov, 6 ^Afi- 
fiwtog ifis nQogayoQsiaag* "OQa, tl notovfuv, (el- ' 



DE DEFECT7 ORACVLOHVM. 143 

Sjfmg /i^ j6v •&i6v dpaiuoy noi&fisv. 6 ydg SlXia 
'itAf ^ f^n ^^ov YvvfHfi Tff navadnfva xwv X9V^^n* 
^iar inXmdip ^yoiffitvog, hn6voiay difktai jol fi 1) 
yipia^at fitli^ Blvai ^mk tdv ^tdv, diX* itdQf^ rtvi 
T^mff vofiliiBiv, ov ydq dkhi yi ug iatl fittl^oiv oudi 
xifsltTUv dbvafnq, olgTS dvaiQiiv nal difavi^iv tijyov 
^sov T^v fiavTix^v ovaav, 6 fiiv ovv JlkavfiTtddou 
X6yog oin dgtatdg i/iol, dtd ts Takka nal t^v dvia" 
/iaXlav, ^v ntgi t^v &t6p noiel, n^ fiiv dnoatgtqfO' 
utpov, xal dnafyovpta TJy xaxiav, nij di ndkiv av 
nqogiifitvov otgntg tl fiainkthg ttg, fj thqavvog, It£- 
gaig dnoxktiatp &hgaig tovg noPtiQovg, na&* eTSQag 
^igdixoiTO nal XQflfiaTiSot* tov ds (ityioTov nai »xu- 
roii, nal fifidafiot ntgiTTov, navtaxij di avtdQxov^, 
fiAkiara Totg &solg nginoPTog sgyov, ti Tahtriv kw 
fi»p dgx^y <faifi Tig, oTi Tijg notvijg oktyavdgiag, ^v 
ai nQ^TtQOi aTdatig nal oi n6ktfiOt ntQii ndaav u- 
fiov Ti T^v cixovfiivfiv dnttgydaavTo, nkiiatov fi&-' 
Qog ^ 'Ekldg fittiaxtiKt, nal fi6ktg av vvv Skii na(Hi* 
axoi TQiaxikiovg Snkitag, oaovg ^ MtyaQim lilu 
noJUg iiintfiifmv tig nkaraiiag * 9 v^ey ow ittQOv riv to 
nokXd uaTaXinsiv xQtiOTfiQta t6v &t6y, ^ Tfjg'£kkd' 
dog ikiyxttp tijy iQfifiiav, dnQifi&g av avT^ naQd" 
axoifu TfjgthQtatkoyiag* tivog ydQ ^v dya&ov, tl 
iv nyiQat^ mg ng^TtQov ^p fiavttiov, ^ ntQi t6 
Ut&ov, onov fiiQog fifiiQag ivtvxuv ioTtv uv&QmnM 
pifioVTL nal ydQ tovto t^ nov irtat&a nQtgjihta^ 
Tor ov x^^^9 ^* ^^Jt, itXttp6TttTop , vn6 &^Qi09 
PLVT.Moa.IlL K 



146 .PLVTARCHit 

^Xsnov d^ttitahrig noXvy XQ^^^ TQrifiov /tv&fS-ai 
xttc dnooan^XaaTOv ioTo^ovaiv' ov» OQ&ag tijv uq- 
^iav, dX}^ dvdnaXiv Xa^pdvovxtq, ^ ydq iQri(s.La i^ 
^rjQiov intiydyBio fxSiXXov, r] to ^^qIov inoiriat t^v ^ 
iQTjfMiav. iTi^l de j^ ^sw d6Sav ovtng, ^ts^XXdg 
{(^Qtaa&rindXeai, nal jo.xfOQlov dv&QtlinoiginXrid-vs, 
dvalv ixQ^ivio nQoq>rixi>ai>v iv fiBQSi Ha&iefiivaigr i^oil 
fQiiri d' t^sdQog.riV dnodedsiyfiivri, vvv d^ iaxl fila 
n^oqpijn^, xa*- ovx iyxaXovfASV i^Qiul yuQ «utj} 
loig (kofiivoig. ov loivvv ahiaisov ov$i %6v &£4ev * 
^ yaQ. ovaa fiavzutr^. wiL Siaftdvovaa naaiv iativ 
lKavri,,wnl,ndv%ag dnomfnnsi tvyxdvoviag ^av x!^r 
i/avaiv^ &gnsQ ovv ivvia xriQV^iv d ^iyafiifivm ixQn- 
10, leal.fjtdXig TcatBlx^ t^v irtrtXr^aiav did nXtj&og, av- 
tav&a di Oiffsads fiSid^ rifisQag oXiyag iv t^ &edT^(a 
fiiav ^foy^f i^ixvovfiivfiy slg. ndvTag." oy.tfag jws 
nXsioaiv iXQV^fo qxavaig: nqdq nXfiovag 4. fiavxixrj, 
vvv d,9 Towavtiov s^i-d^avfndisiv. xdy &sdv, sins- 
QtsdnQa tJiv- fiavTMi^v dxQriatotS dlitrjv vdaTog dno^- 
i^iovaav^ rj, xa&dnsq ai nsTQUi, noifiivtav iv SQ^fiia 
xal. fioaitriftkdTm ff^tavalg dvTrixovaa^'^ . 

IX. , ElndvTog. di ja utol. t(h;< *AfiLfimlov, nafie v 
aifon&VTog, 6 MlsdfifiQOTogJfna nQagayoQsitaag * ^JUSrj 
ak totiTO didfaxag.(s<pri) Tduxa* noislv %avu t» fiav- 
tsia»al dvaiQslv t6v ^s6v, Ovh syi^yp'' (slnov) dv" 
miQslff&at f/LSV ydQ ov&svaiTiiii.&MoXkipi^fjn f^avrstov, 
ovds xQ^^^to^ * dX]^ tignsQ SXXa noXXd noiovv^ • 
tog fifuv ixaivov xait nagaartsviXoytog, indysi (p&o- 
gdv ivimgxal. atiqr^aiv n^ tpjbatg, /icoiloy d? f^.vlri 



DE DEEECTV pRACVLOrtVM. 147 

, CTSffijats ovott dyaipivytt TioXXdxig :tal ih'aXv£i t6 

yivofitvoy vn6' xrjg nqtltTOVog aUiag, ovxoi ^o^vtI" 

. XMV oifiat ^vvdfAKOv axoTdiaiig higag xal dvaiQE'- 

atig siPai,. noXXd xaXd tov dsov diddvTog dy&Qdt" 

notg, dddvttTOV di gifidiv cjgxs ^vfjaxstv x'al*Ta 

. &B01V, ^iovg ds oVfXttTd Tov ^ocfOxXia, Trjv^d^' ov- 

s aicfv aviwv xal dvvafnv Toitg iv xfj q>vaH xal t// v- 

. Xrj (paaiv detvovg ocpiiXttv S^tuv, jm d'i(arTilg dgx^i» 

agmg ioTl dixatov, q^vXttTTOfiivrig, Evi^&eg ydg iaTi 

xal Tiatdixov xofiidij t6- olia&ai t6v ^eov avzuv, 

S,gmQ Tovg iyyaaTqifivOovg,. EvQVxXiag ndXai, vvvl 

Jlv&mag nQOgayogsvofiivovg , ivdvofiBVOv flg.jd 

aiafittTa T(av nqotpijTmv vnoqi&iyysa&ai , Tolg ixil- 

vav ax6fiaat xed qmvalg^ ;^^»/ucvoy ogydvotg, 6 yd^ 

^sdv iyxaTttfttyvvg. dv&Qcmivaig /^8*u«5 ov .q^iids' 

lat T^g aifjtvotriTog^ ovds Ti^Qi} t6 dilfOfta xal t6 

fii/i&og avTi^Tiig dQiifjg. '\ . 

X» Kal 6 JCXi6f/t^QOTog' ^bg&ojg XiyBtg; dXX" 
iml t6 Xa^iiv xal diOQiaai, nwg ;|f^i}aT6oy xul jue- 
Zgt tivtiv TJ} nQOvoia, ;f«ilfc;iov, oi fiiv bvdiv6g «- 
nXwg j6v '&s6v,oi de ofiovu ndvTwv aluov notovv- 
jfg, dajoxovat To v fisTQiov xal nQinovio^, kv jikv 
ovv Xiyovatv oi UyovTtg, oti JlXdTtav j6 Jaig ysv- 
vtoptivatg noi&irfiiv vnoxtifisvov aTOixsiov i^fVQwv, 
o vvvvXfiv xal qtifaty xaXowjiV , noXluv dnriXXa^i 
xal fjtiydXfntv dnoQtav Tovg q)tXoa6fpovg» ifiol ds do- 
xovai nXeiovag Xvaai xai fjtsi^ovag' dnoQiag oi to 
TMi^ 6atfi6vfav yivog iv ftiaoi -ds&y xa^ dv&Qan<av, 
KOf jq6no9 Jtvd Jiqv xoivmittv fifilav avvdyov tll 

K 2 



143 PLVTAKCHI 

^TttUfa xal avy&K\Ov i^svQdvug' tits fitkyotv iitii> 
mgl Zfa^odatqriv 6 Xoyog ovt6g iattv, tliB 0Q(ix:og 
4^1 *OQq>iiag, iVt Alyv^tiog, tj 0Qvyiog, ug icx^a*-^ 
if6(it&a taig kxatigmO-i ttXstalg dvaftffityfiiya noX^ 
hi &yrjtn xal niy&iiia ttay OQywinfdytav %a\ dQot • 
fiivav UqSv OQoiytfg. 'EXXriym ds "OfiriQog fisv q>nU 
vstat xotvtjig dfiqiotiQOig xQ^f^^-^^og tolg ovdfiaai, xul 
tovg d-sovg tattv ots daifiovag TEQOgayoQSVCov ' *//- 
otodog di xa&aQoig xal diaiQiafiiyi0g nQonog i&iirjxs 
tvtv XoytXMV tiaauQa yivrj, &sovg, slta dai/uovttg 
TtoXXovg Xffyad-ovg, slta r}Q(aag, slta dv&Qia^voiw 
tZv ^fii-&i(uy ug rjQCDag dnoxQi&ivtmy, ttsQOt di 
itstafioXtjv ttiig ts a^fiaatv 6fioi<ag notovat xal taig 
H^vxoug, wgjiSQ ix yr^g vdiaQ, ix ds vdatog dijQ, ix d' 
dsQog nX'Q ytpv^fitvov oqatat, t?^ ovaiag ava fpsQO' 
fiivrig'' ovttag ix fiiv dv&Q^iKav tig ^Qtaag, ix fik 
fiQwav tig daifiovag, ai fisXtiovsg yfvxal t^v fitttt" 
fioXfjv XafiPdvovatv. ix di daifi^vfav oXiyat fisv tti 
^Q^vm noXXu) dt uQStijg xad-aQ&staat navtdnaa» 
&s6tritog ftttiaxov* iviatg ds avfiflaivst fiij XQarstv 
, iavtSv, aJU' liptsfiivatg xal ivdvofiivatg ndXtv at§^ 
liaai &vritoig, dXafinrj «o* dfivdQav ^oi^f , wgnsQ d- 
faO-Vfiiaatv, laxstv, 

XI. 'O ds ^Haiodog oTstat xal' nfQi6Sotg tial 
Xf^viav yivta&at totg daifioai tdg rsXsvtdg* Uytt 
yoQ iv r^ ttfg Natdog Ti^^ciiTr^ xal tdv XQ^f^ov oi- 
vtit6fisvog' • 

*£yvsa tot Imfysvsdg hnxiQV^a XOQ&vri, 
Av9Q(Siyr\^vTiay iXaipog di ts rstQaxoQtavog' " 



DE DEFECTV URACIVLORVM. J49 

Tgkig d' ildq>ovg d x6ga^ yfiQfivfHeTat ^ avid^ 6 

(potri^ 
*Erpia toig xdQaxtxg* dixa d* ^fiilg lovg (poiy^xas 
Mfiq>ai ivnldxafioi, xoifQai Jibg aiyi6xoio. 

tovJOT tdp XQ^^^^ ^h nokv nl^&og aQt&fiOif avvd" 
yovatp oi fitj xaXSg dtx^ftevoi Ti}y ytvtdv, lar» ydg 
ipiavj6g' Sgts yivta&ai id aifiTtav iwtaxiaxi^im 
tiTi xal kniax6aia xal tXxoai t^g xm daift6vnp Huijg, 
tlojrov fiiv ovv vofiliovaiv ol nollol tiav fia^fmr 
jtxStv, nXiov d* ovds nivdaQog ttQTjXtv, tinwv rdg 
vvfiffug j^f/V laodivdgov jixfnoQ aiuvog Xaxovaae, 
dio xal xaXtlv avxdg ufiadQvddag, m d' avjov Xi' 
yovjog, ^fitiJQtog vnoXa/itiiV • JJwg (tipri) Xiy,sig, dt 
KXt^fi^QOJt, ytvtdv dvdQdg tiQ^a-^ai jdv iviavjovf 
ovjB ydQ T\^mJog,ovjt yriQwvjog, {mg dvaytvdtaxovaiv 
tvioC) XQ6vog ttv&Qtonlvov /Slov Joaovj6g iajiv, dXi 
ol fiiv ril3&vjog dvayivdiaxovttg, Irf} jQidxovj^» no^ 
ovat Tiji» ytvtdv xa&^ 'HQdxXttJOV* iv ta xq6v^ ytv^ 
t£vJa naQfxft Jov i^ avjov yeytwfjfiivov 6 ytvvri* 
aag, ol ds yrjQwvjttv ndXtv ovx fifiAvjsav yQuq^ov^ 
Jtg, oxjm xal kxajdv tjri vifiovai j^ ytvs^. id ynQ 
nsvjrpcovja xal JsaaaQa fitaoiarfi oqov dvdQtmir 
vrig Zwjg tlvat, avyxsifitvov tx t« jrjg fiovddog xdl 
ttav nQmtov dvtlv imnidnv xal dvttv isjQayAvom 
xal ^vsiv xii§tav, ovg xal IlXdjav uQt&fiovg sXafisv 
iv rfj ^vxoyoviif, xal 6 X6yog 8Xog ^vix&as doM 
t^ *IIai6d(ff nQ6g t?]v ixnvqfoaiv , onrivixa avvsxXsi^ 
«*«v jolc lygolg six6g iatt tdg Nvfupag, 



150 PLTTARCHt 

— jti% SXam nalei vifiovrat 
Kal ntiydg noxafiSiV xa2 nelaia 7T0ii]ivta, 
Xll.-Xai KXfdfipQOTog' ''Axova tav-i (lijoi? ) 
noXXS}V Tial oqSi i^v J^tmxi^v ixnvQwatv, wgmg xa 
""HgaxXsUov xal ^OQq>i(ag imvf[io(iivriv enrj, ovita 
xal Tfx ^JIaiddov xal avve^naiSiaav. dXX^ ovts loZ 
x6afiov trjv q^d^ogdv dvixofxat XByofdvrjv, td t df^ 
Xava xal wv vn6fivriaig twv qxavtav fidXiata nfgl 
trjv xoQfavrjv xal Ttjv eXuipov ixdvsa^ixi inl tovg V" 
niQJSdXXovtag. ovx iviavtog «qx^v iv avt^ xal tt» 
Ui'zr)y 6/iov Tt ndvtav m (piQovaiv o)Qat>, yfj ds 
(pvBi, niQtixioVf evde dv^&Qmnfav uno tQohov yivtd 
xixXrjtai. xal ydQ Vfielg OfioXoyilts drinov tov *//- 
aio8ov dv&Qoanlvrjv fw/jv Tijy yividv Xiyuv. rj ydq 
ovxovttog,' avvi(prjasv 6 Jlrjiifiigiog,, AXXd fi^v xa- 
xi2vo d^Xov ( o KXi6fji/3Qotog dmv ) to noXXdxig to . 
uitQOvv xal td fiitQOVfiiva tolg avtolg ovdfiaac 
nQogayoQiiiia&att xotvXrjv xal xoivixa xal dfiq>OQia, 
xal fxi^vfivov. ov iQdnov ovv tov navxog dQi&uoif 
trjv fiovdda fiiiQov ovaav iXdx^tov xa\ dQxrjv, uqi- 
&fji6y xaiovfiiv* ovTong tdv iviavtov , tt) nQ6iX(ff fi6- 
tQolifiiv .dv-&Q<anov ^iov , ofuavvfioig t^ fiitQOVfiivi^ 
yivedv Zjv6fiaaiV* xal yuQ ovg fiiv ixilvot noiovaiv 
aQtd-fiOvg, ovdiv sxovai tav vivofitafiivoav inupav&i^ 
xal Xafingtav utg iv dQt-dfiolg' 6 di t&v ivvaxiaxt" 
XUav kntaxoai(av iixoat trjv. yivsatv saxrixs , uwdi^ 
ffc» fiiv ix Twv «710 ^ovddog tia&dg^av i^ps^tjg titQU" 
xtg yivofiiv(av tiaadg^av. aiaaaQdxovta ydQ ixaxim 
Q(ag ylvsxat. tavta ds mvrdxtg tQiy(avtadivta to»' 



DE DEFECTV ORAICYLORVM. 15t 

ixTtiifitrov agi&fidv ^XQiax^v, ^JlXa mql fih tov- 
rtav ovx avayxatov Tjfiag jTjfiTjtgltff dia<piQBadai. 
xdlyd^g av nXshav ^ ;^^'dyo? ^, xav iXantav J, xav 
TSTa/fiivog, xav aiaxtog, iv io ftitaXXAtut daljiO' 
vog ipvx^yal rigmg fllog , ovdsv rjttov iip toflovXi^ ' 
tnt dt^il^itai fittd fiagtvgwv aoifitav xal naXaiZv, ' 
oti xfvazig iial tivig &g7ieg iv fit&ogia &fwv xaldv^ 
^gwTiwv, Hix^fiBvai nd&ri d^vi^td xal fistapoXdg dv" 
ayxaiag, ovg daifiovag ogdag l^«* xatd v6fi0v nc^ 
tigwv rj/ovftivavg xal ovofid^vtag aipsa&ai, 

XIII. hagddiiyjia di ta X6yo} Aivoxgdtnig fiiv, 
•HXdtvivog haXgog, inoiriaato td t&v tgiyoiviav, 
&sio) fiiv dmixdaag t6 la6nXsvgov, •{tvrjtta di td 
axaXi}v6v, t6 d* iaoaxsXig Saifiovita' t6 fiiv ydg', 
Xaov ndvtrj^ t6 5*,aviaov ndvtri,t6 dk^nfj (iiv taov, . 
71? S* Svtaov,' wgnsg rj datfi6v<av q)vatg sxovaa xai 
nd&og '&vni[tov xal •^sov dvvaftiv, ^ di tpvaig «*- 
adrjtdg six6vag i^i&rixs xal '6fiot6t7jtag ogo^fiivagl 
d^sZv fiiv r]Xiov xal aatga, ^vrjtuv di aiXa xal xo" 
firitag xal dtdttovtag. w<; Evjgcnidrig Sxaasv, iv olg 
sinsv* 

*0 cJ' agtt ^dXXtav adgxa, dtonsf^g onag 
^atTJg dniajjfj, nvsvfi dq>i]g sig al&iga, 
fiixt6v di awfia xa\ fiifirjfia daifiovtov ovto^g t^v at" 
Xrivrjv, Tw tjj toiftov tov y.ivovi -avvadsiv nsgi(fogu, ■ 
(p&iastg (paivofiivag ds:(Ofiivrjv xal av^iasig xal fit^ 
lapoXdg, ogtavtsg, ol fiiv datgov ysojdig, ol S* oXvfi^ 
niay yrjv, p\ di x-^oviag Ofiov xai ovgaviag xlTjgov 
'Exdtrig ngogttnov. &gnsg ovv si tov diga tig dri- 



^52 PLVTARCHI 

Xoi. xat vnoaifdatu x6v iuta^v y%q sMti «fX^^^p, %^9 
Ivdjr^ja dialvatt xal Ti}y noivatylav tot navj^, h 
lUaf^ n^fi^ xttf davvditov x^^ ywidvmg^ ovtov 
ol daiiAdmv yivog ^i) dnoXslnovtsg , dvsnliiixta td 
tuv ^swv Hal dvdq^nmv noiovay %al dawakXanta, 
Tijy hQnriv^vtMr^v [&i nlatfov XXkysv) sa* diaxor** 
9Ci)y dvaiQOVvttg tpvaiv, ij ndvta <piQBiv ufAa nal to- 
^dttsiv dvayxdiovaiv fifimg to7g dv&^nmvoig nd&t' 
ai xal nqdynaat t6v ^sdv ifilSipdiovtag , nal xata^ 
anuvtag inl tdg X9^^"Sf ^S^^Q ol ^CTTaiUx* Uyov» 
tai Ti}y atXiivrpf, dXi^ ixtlvm fisv iv yvvai^ t6 
navovQyov taxi nlativ, *^yXaovixrig tijg'HyritOQogf 
£g g>aaiv, datgoXoyixijg yvvaixdg iv ixXBlif/st acilii- 
prig dsl nQognotqvfiivrig yorftsvnv xal xa&aigtlv au- 
Tijy. fifittg dfi f/^te fiavttiag tiVdg d&Bidatovg slva» 
Ae^^oi^Ta;, r} tiXetdg xal oqyiaafiovg dfuXovfihVOvg 
vno &to)v\ dxovdifitv fir^t av ndXiv t6v ^&t^v iv 
jovtoig dvaatgiqnadai xal nagHvai xal avfiTtQa* 
yfiattvta&at do^Z^fitv, dX£ olg Sixatdy iati tavta 
Xtitovgyolg ^twv dvati&ivttg, £gntg vnrfQtJaig xa* 
yQttfifiattvai, daifiovag vofiiiafitv, iniaxdnovg &tSw 
ItQuv xal fivatriQifav OQyiaatdg* aXXovg di ttavvnB' 
Qri^pdvoiv xal fitydXutv ttfitaQovg ddixi&v ntQinoXttv^ 
toifg de ndvv atfivag 6 'llaiodog dyvovg nQogtln% 
nXovtod6tag, xal toDto ytQag (SaatXrfiov txoytag, 
^ PaatXixov tov tv nottlv ovtqg. tial yoQ ag iv 
dv&Qtanoig xal daifioaiv dQttijg dtatpoQal xal to6 
na&riTixov jtai dXoyov, toXg fiiv da&tvig xal dftav* 
q6v m Uii^avov, ugntg ntQittafia, tolg di noXv 



DE DEFECTV OKACVLORVM. 153 

M»l.9vgMaTAaPigtov hsariif, i» txpti ^ml alfjitPold 
noXXaxoli ^vaiai koI ^tXsial ttal ftv&oXoyiat at»' 
J|(H;<n »al dia<i^vXdnovaiy Ivduanagftiva* 

XIII. ntgl fiir oiy iS^v fivauxuy, iy oJg xng 
lityiatag ifKpdaeig *al diaq>daeig XajSiiy iau t^^ 
nt^l daifi6y«9y ttXif&tiag, Bvajofid fioi xsiadoi, xa^ 
'lfy6doroy lo^dg di xa« ^vaiag wgnsg fifUgag dno» 
<p^dag xal axv&^widg, iy tSg &fw<payiat xoH 9ia* 
anaafiol, yiiatHai n xal xomtol, noXXaxov di nd^ 
hy maxQoXoyiai »^6$ U^g, fiayiai tc dXaXai tt 
4^ydfisyai (npaitxtyi avv xXdyti», &s&y fiiy ovdtvl, 
daifAdymy di q>avXa»y dnotQon^g tysxa g>fiaaifA ay 
thXiia^ai fisiXixta xm naqafildia' xa\ Ta; ndXat 
noiovfiiyag dy&gmno&vaiag ovts ^sovg dnaitiXy 
^ nQogMx^a^ai m&ay6y iativ, ovttt fidtijv dv Ibi* 
Xovto fiaaiXtlg xal atgat^yat, naldag avxtav imSi" 
ddvteg xal xataqx^fitvoi xal a^pdttovttg, dXXd ;(for« 
hn&y Xttl dvatqdmav ogydg xal /iagvd-vfiiag cvgpo- 
* aiOVfitvoiXttl dnomfjmXdvttg dXaatdgm* ivitay di 
fittwixovg Kfx< Tvgavvixovg sgtotag , ov dvrafiivtay 
ovdi PovXofiivw omfiaai xal dtd atafxdttw SfiiXtiv, 
«U* &gntg 'UgaxXijg OlxaXlav inoXtdgxti dtd nag' 
^ivoy, ovxtag iaxvgol xal fiiatoi daifiovtg, i^ttoif' 
^voi ^vx^P dv&gtaniyiiy ntgttxofiirny attfioti, xal 
did^aotfidtw 6fiiXtiv ov 6vvdfiEV0i tavtff, Xotfioiig 
t€ ndXtai xal yrjg dtpogiag indyovat, xat noXifiove 
xal atdastg jagdttovaiv, axgtg ov Xdpfoat xal tv- 
XOMJiy ov igiiaiv* ivi4it di tovvavtiov, mgntg ivKg^^ 
^j? XQ^^^^. !9vxy6y didydiv Vyvm axon6v ttva ttXov^ 



i54 PLVTARCHI 

USV1JV lo^TiJy , iv fi ital elda^ov uvdQog axiqiaXor 
avadBi^vvovai, tcal Xiyovaiv • wg ovrog ^yv MoXo^ 
Mrigiovov naTTjQj vvfKpjj dk nqog fiiav ovyysw^ . 
' iiBvog, iiticpaXog BVQsOsiri, 

XIV. Kal fjtrjv oaag |y t« fiv&oigxdl vfipovg 
Hyovat *«* adovai, Tot/to /icr agnayag, tovxo ds 
nidvag dimf, Ttgw/fsig tc xa» q)uyag.»al la-rgdagy 
ov ^€«y sloiv, akXa daifiovwv na&fifiara, xo* tv- 
Zai fivrifiovsvofjLSvah dt aQsr^v xaldvvafiiv atftmv 
HalovT JiaxvXog sJnsv ayv6v ts UndXXa qiijydda 
dn ovQavov &s^v, ovts 6 J^oip9KXsovgl4dfii]iog, 

Ovfidg y dXsHtwQ avthv ^ys nQog fivhpf. 
nXslaxov di t^g dXtidBiag &tafiaQTdvovaiv ol JsX^ 
<pav &soX6yOi, voftiiiovjsg svjov&d nots ngdg oq>t9 
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DE DCf ECTV OKACVtORVM. I55 

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SAa^iir^ Qfioavtag, al)i ixjsdvtag ^v&vg do^tov 
tutlxniXfn^g dneiQiag vnolaftfiavomrjg. *0 Ji fiv^ 
{^piyuijmQl nXi^ovgXofgfMm «S^l&y, 7/ JUdtm; 
V^Sn ovviyivovt^dviQl^ovti^,,ovX dtmugd^j^i 
4AA' ow ^fitXXov {thsv 6 KXi6^fig9tog) ufts^in 
aXXot&v mgl^avta Xti^Q^g ,i1vat xal 7$gQ0^9g 
dMgoat^g, Iv^dovtog iavt^v Umxal n^Qic^ft^^ . 
iXfyB difiijt mmlgQvg, /i^' ^va, /mijw «iwjic^i 
iffmvg, «Ukk tgugxal oydoif$ovta xal kxatir $iviiil 
Wttvaf^iwwg ug <tjfyMitgiymoit9ig\ id nUv^^ 
Msj^ f^Mftqk^^o&li^^m^^itgei&v^H^^ . 



iH iV ; H.PLVTARCHI 

j^^i» ' ' Td ^' iv^og inljTEdov lov tqiymvov, koiv^p 
haflavi^lvai ndvwv, xaXHa&at di xsdiov aXii&tia^ 
k«i^ tous loyovg nal la d'drj ml td naqaddf^axa 
^fiv ysyovovav ital ytv7iaofUvi^v axivijxa xtiff&at» 
s^ iKglavid Tov aldvog ovtogf oiov dnoQfo^vJ^ 
'iSfv^iioaiAOvg q>iqta^ai j6v xqovov, oijfiv di tohvi09f 
uijkI, '^Map ipvxoug uvdgtinivaig ayta^ ivsttat fivqioi^ 
(kj^dQjfHv, av ya iv ^tiaaiaai' xal tm ivtav&a t6- 
Intiav tdg dqiajag, insivfig ovtiqov $lpai tijg in^^ 
mtlas ^ol tslBt^g, ual toifg X6yovg dvifivqatv, %v^ 
tm t&v i%ii <pdoao(pBia&ai xaiwv, ^ fidtfiV.nBQaivf^ 
ejdtay* tavi (I9J7 ) mql toxjtov iiv&oloyo^vtog ^ 
wvov dtexvwg, Ha&dnsq iv tthtij xal fiv^ast, jif^ 
ikf/Uav dndStt^tv tovX6yovfAri8i niativ imqiiqovt^, 
. XXIIi. K^yot tiv Jrifir\tqtov ngoaayoQivaag, 
n&g^9^ (Sqpi^y) td tSiv fivjjatiiQiovBnij, t^v *08v(f^ 
9ft!^'»d^avi*aadvtm t6 td^ov jutaxnQtS^fi^v, vno^ 
..f/kvnat&ivtog di dn^fitQlov, tavi, t<pf}v, iniQxntiH 
ifffjtpl n^l tov ^ivov tinsiv * ^ ttg i9^i}ti}^ xal ini^ 
ffkojfog tnXsto doyfidmv ts xal iiyatv navtodoinmVf 
\3f,a^ na^nlaVTig iv yQdfJtftaat, ftalov pdQ3aQog,dli^ 
7i&'M^ir\/8Vos riv, nQXkfig*JS,lXrivi8og fiovatig ivdnUiag, 
4,^^n d\avf6v4 tm »6afiOJV aQtd^fxog, ovk ojv jA^ 
fff^tog ei88.*Ivd6g,^ ulkd,^(»Qi9ffg dn6 StxsXlaf, 
«vdQ^s *I(JL9iQttiov tovvof^a JfitQHovog ' avtou fup 
if^ov fiifiXiiiov ovH aviyvtaf^ OvJ« ojda 8uaav&^ 
iuvoy "lanvg 8$ 6 '£^yivoii (pv lii^vfjm fpaviag^ 



DE DEFlECTV.ORACVtORVM. |(jfc 

HiiihXdyoy, ^ enatd^ «a< oySo^oi^ta xvtl t^lg-ltd^ 
»pbv4 oyjdii, ttTttoltiyovs d* dkXi^k^v xcttd (no^eSlMy 
S^jii^ii Yo^f iatl, x«T« atOtxttof icnnaSm, pi^ 
Ht^ooduxaonptiv, ju^d' uiUi7y ttvti nt^aydti^ niij/09* 
dntw. vnoXa^v di ^fjfiijT^iO^ * ' Ti^ (^* «v («itie^ 
iv tbioinot^ ngayfjittatv ilij nt9av6tffi, otiov Wtti 
fileifcoi' dv^^ tiitdtv tvJioyov ovJ' elicd;, o£rt»$ itd^ 
^iflttle Y^v Ad/oy/ xa* o 'Hga%XiwV' ^Alket fi^v 
"i^v («)pi7) T«y ygafffiattxufv uxovofjisv ^WOff^fiqav 
^Y&vt^v tiiv do^aVy co? ixtlvov t^ 9i«y cig neVt c x<^« 
d/(ov$ Siavifiovtog, ovQavov^ ^datQ, aeQtt, y^v^ ohffi^ 
%i)y* ttv td ftiv §vo, xoivd HataXdntf yijv f*iv toV 
"ddttt^ ntanbq ovaav, oXvfinov detov av» navtu^' 
ol y iv ftiat^ tQBtg totg tQtal ^folg ttmi^&i^attv. 
ovttb di xo* nXdttov £0(N8 id xdXXiata xal ytpwnt 
oiOftdiwv itdti val azijfiata avvvifi^v talg tbv oAou 
^^atpOQtttg, nivis xdofjiovg xaXiiy, tdv yjjg, tov tStfrt'- 
tog, tov tiiQoq,, tov nvQog* taxatov de tiv ntQ^)i' 
^ovta tovtovg, t^v tev ^$iKai$QOv, itoXhxvtav 
xotc noXvtQtntov, la fzdXtata d^ ta^tg yrvxtxalg nt- 
^tddotg Mx» xtvrtasm nqinov axfjfitt nal awaQftiif'' 
i6v anidm^. xal & Jijfi^t^og' ^'OfiifiQov (Sjpi?) t* 
'itivotfiei^ iv t^ ndgdvti]; fiv&tiv ydQ o^tg, JlXdttnv 
'd^ noXXov dil tdg. nivtt toXf x4afiOv dttttfogd^ mVte 
ttioftov^ nQdattyoQtvHv * ■ ir o\g yt ^dxttttt toi^ 'd- 
""nfiqovg xdafiovg' hnoVt^ftivaig^, afctto ^iJ^fjpijcriNJf- 
xtiv tva i(^tof ihmi fit^oyivij iS -^f^^^l (^ioOT^- 
idP , iHiodift^iiHhitihH^^t^^oXo^ tiibil i!£llM»r 



16^^ PLVTARCttl 

ymlaird^ Yfj^vrifUyov. 'Sptw Sv ttg xtA^&nvfid^ 
umv, oti idXij^fg tmtliv uvt6g kjigoiQ im&Apov 
mIX^ov ovh ixoitaiigagx^v^ mx^z^ ddiijg, td fdP 
ydj^ tra (trj 4pvX«iui 9t6(f(iov, ^x^v dfMHiyiTt^ Ini^' 
^(7(v T^v Toi' vtavjogaftfiglav^ ild 9' dfpagtqjii^' 
pog nolijaai rooovtovg,.xal ji^ nlilovg-rwv Ttivte,' 
fi^t iXdttovg, xo/ui^^ na^Xoyov m} mxaijg m^^a^ 
v^tijtog anfjgjfjfiivov , n jai ti c^^'Xiysig, t^% ngig^ 
ifii pXi^ag. xuym * JoxBt yttQ 6 ^t&g, (Ifpijf ) d(pip^ '« 
tug fidtf t^v m^l x^<fJfl9^ JidyoVf ^ rilog txoi^ 
rec, fjtBtaXttfiftdvttvittgov^rooottov; Ov}tdijpirtag 
[stntv^A /frjft^tQtog) ixHvov, «XXd fjt^ nagtXddvrag 
tovTOv dvnXttftftav6fJisvov ^fji&v. ov ydq ivSiaxQU 
ipOf*^v, dX£ oaov iatoQijaai t^v mdm^ttita ^iyov^ 
TC^ avto^, fiixifitvinl %f£V ^•«g)iijglTt69BOiv* * 

XXIV. nq&tov toivw (§pijy iydi) rd xmXifov* 
td notfiv xdofiovgdmiQovg, ovxdniiqyn nX^hva^ 
iv6g lioibiv. xai yaQ olov t iativ ihai^ xal fiavtt-i 
xiiv xal ngdvoiav iv nXiioai xSafiotg, xdl i6 /vix^o- 
rdrijy iifxriv nagffjtniTttetv, td di nXtXata xdl fdyi'^' 
ata tri^^v Xttfiftdviiv nq^g yiveatv xdl fUtaftoX^v, 
vrv oidiv { dnstgia diyta&at ni/pvxtv. tnHtd tw 
X6yt^ fittXXov mttai i6 t^ ^s^ /ui} fiovoytvij firiy 
^uov tlvat i6v x6afiov. dya&6g ydg cav tcAcio^; 
ovdeutug aQBiijg ivdsifig iativ. rixtata 9i t9jg mglk 
dixaioavvfiv xat qnXiav xdXXiatat ydq awai xdV 
^soXq nqinovaat. fidtriv d* ovdiv sxstv 6v6* Sxiftf^ 
vtov ^fdj niq)VX8v. elalv ovv ixt6g tttgoi ^toi «DtJ 
^^Oh, nq6g6vgxin^^ talg xotttovtxaig iQttaioL 



, ■ ' * " ' « , ' \ '^'^^ 

#il(^ j^ ngdg avjiv, oydi fii^og avjov ^^aig kp 

al^p^^ Saj o£x (tjidg a^piXov^ ovd* aydjova v6pS^'^^' 
ovi^cifuxTOP i,p anfl^ xarw j6p x6(f(iOP aaXsit^ip^^* 
htiifiai i^p 4f>vaiv 'OfJM/itP tix nta^* tnaaia yipia^ 
%al ^lSiiaLroiOPayYilotg Tfnf^txagjitoig aniqitaio^' 
mjQi.ixovaav, 'ovdip yng ipagi&fi^ xm ovxfav iglvT* 
ovdi li^P X6yog VTidgxf^ *otv6g^ ovdi tvyxApH trii 
rotSade nqogviyoqlag, i fiti xotpwg notop, tdltag igtv» 
6 9i xdff^off ov.XiytTtt* xoiv6g tlvai, notoi If wg^' 
tolvvP noX6g ianp ix'9tttifogug iljg ng6g aXXtiXa' 
avyy tp^g xal ftovosidffg :yfyoPbig loiovrog, ti yag 
ovjB ap^Qomog ng, om Xnnog \p ijj fpian yiyopsp, 
of^xc aaT^p,ovi8 ^f6g, ovtb ddlfiiap,Tl xaXvH gi7}6i^' 
x6afiov cVo z^v ^vatp tx^tp, dXXti nXtlopag; 6 yag^ 
Xiytap, oit xat yijp fiiav ix^txal^dXaTTov, iftqtav^' 
Ti niiQOQ^ t6 twv 'afiotofifgoiv • t^p ts 'ydg yijp Eig 
6^afpyfia fiigri, xnl t^p '&dXaT7av wanvTfog diatQoti^ 
fi$Y' Tol di x6afiov fiigog ovx ht x6<ffiog, dXt eV 
dia^^Qtiv (fvafiov awioTrjxf, 

XXV. Kal fiijv u ys fidXtoTa <poPr)^ivTfg tvtoi 
xajavttXiaxovaiv t^v '^Xijv tig t6v x6(jfiov anaaav,' 
iSv fit^div <vnoXtin6fitvov ixT6g ivaTaatatv ^ nXriya^g* 
SiaTagdTTOt t^v Tovde ahaTaaiv, ovx og^ug t3n-,^ 
apiv, nXtt6pwp yng Bprtap x6afiwp, Idlq S* IxdoTbv 
a1JptiXrix6^^ ovdlq xal vXij fiirgop wgiafifpop ixo^i 
ajf x6t\ nigag, ovdfp ajaxTOP avd* axaTax6aurjTov^' 
olop ntgitTtoiia, Xt^g)&riaETai ngoanlnTOP ^foStv, 
I ydg Tttgt ixaaiov l6yog iyxgai^g «3y t^j avwtPt- 



^ j« . .J>LVTARGHI 

^l/^HfW ^^ aXkoP, ovd* (tg ketVTov i^ akkow ^<(»' 
i4'M^* inril^^og (xd^iaToy Ma^aTiBA^ov z^ti ipvaiv- 
^X^» fiiis x/yijoii' ako^ov %tu ofraKvoj^ ct dc afff * 
t^ij^oqqori q^igexait 7i^6$> higovgM^ kTi^iay,. ofiOT; 
ffiVAov clvix» Kff^ TtQoarivij xal j^viaiv olxiltag imfii^ 
y^^kivr^v, SamQ al %m datiQ(oy av/al xal avy^qd^ 
a^ii, aifovs. js fiQ^Jisa'&ai xaxtogwvtag aX^levg cv-. 
(jkBVwg,. ^£0% TS nolXolg xal aya&oXg xa$^ txaajovi, 
ovai, naffynv intfuUoig.xol q>iXoq>Qoavvag% advva-^^ 
tov.ydq oi&iv iati tovtm\pvt6 iiv&udsg, ovts na*^ 
gi&XQyov' d lin» ^^ ^l^% ^olg: tovUQiatQt^ovg v»({*. 
ipovtal Tivig, c^ (fvatKdg aitiag sx^via^ tZv ytxgt., 
c^Hfitoiiv kxdatov r6nov ol%iiov txovtog, & (prjaiv, . 
dydyjiri t^v pjv navtaxodsv inl id /iicaov qiiQia&ai, 
xa2 %o. vd(ag in uvtijg did pdgoQ vapiatdnsvov tolg 
xovcpatifjotg, , av ovv, nXslovtg (nai x6afiOi^ avyL^i^^. 
astat t^v yrjv no^Xaxov fAsv indvia tov nvQog xa«: 
toSu aBQog xiiadtati noXXaxpv d' v^tojmxw xal tiv . 
diQa xal tb ijdtaQ ofjioloig, ndl fiiv iv taig xatd (pv- 
Oiv xdiQaig vndQXSiVrnoi d* iv tatg nagd (pvaiv» cjy 
u$wdt(av ovt(av, ^g olsti^i,. /x^tc dpo,. fiiits nUio-, 
»«$ clya* xoaf/LOvg,. dXX* 'iva tovtov ix tijg oiaias 
an&jrig avyxsijisvdv x l^Qvy,ivov. xu%d ip,vaiv,. wg 
n^offrixsi T(ug twv a(a/JLdtiav dia(jpOQcu.g^ 

. . XXVL UXXd xal javta. ni^amg /luUoy, ^ 
uijl^oig, tlQritai, aixdns^ ds ovt<»?j, (aqpijy) i (pUn 
di^ritQi,s* twv, yuQ, aomdtoiV td [tsv int t6. (iiaop^ 
x(^ ^dt^ i«.Fa«.^«i li^, T« 5* «/i6 JOM (iiaovuay 



VE DEFECTV ORACVLORVM/ jsgt 

nixb fiiaoi'; ov dfinov ngdg 16 y«ydy- -ov fa^ i^^ 
«tt»' ttvt^y. jcofd' ou 5' ia^tl», QVft Bxu i/iiaov, ijtfi»' 
m^ oidi nqSnov, pvd' la/aToy. niQUTa ydg tavta» 
fd de am^gov,. ita\ dniqatmov. h de nal /iuiomjS 
vg uvidyX6ysf:ffiet Hiyo.v(A$yov ,. anHqov xoXfirjaai, 
xhs fi TLQbq. TOUTO yivoiUvn xmv Kiv^aBfav S^iaqio^d 
TO^ oafMtCiVj ^vjs yag iv t^ XiV(^ dvvaftlg iaxh 
rwf ovifidxfav, ovie xd adffiaxa ngoalgtaiv ij^ei xa) 
bgfMTfv, ^ ToD fiiaov yXlxeiai, 9tal ngbg. xovxo ovr* 
xdvn navxaxb&ev, dU^ ofittg anogov iaxiv dijfVxtBV 
oiOftdxfov ngbg dafafiaxQv x^Q^"^^ ^olI ddidqiOQOV, fj 
(fiogdv ^l avxfiv. ^ oXhi^v vn iHUvrig yivofiivtiv votj^ 
aa^* kdanat xoivvv, xb fj^iaov ov xoniitwgy dXXd 
mtfutxMtwg Uyea^ai, xovbe yng xot xoafiov ftlav 
h3tnl6i6vav aoaftdxtav Kal dfOftoim svdirjxa ttalavv^ 
xoS^v ^''To^, txi iiiatpogal xdg 'Aivriaug aXXctg ngbg 
SXXci notDvaivi^ dvdptrig, i^^Aoy bi xt}- i^txaseoaftov^ 
fisva xalg ovaidtg txaoja xal xdg x^Q^ ^fioi avftfts^ 
xaffdXXtiv^ aifiiv ydg. dtaxgiatig dnb xov fxiaov 
xifV ^y^vt .algofdvr^v dvtOy xvxXm duxviftovatv * ai de 
avyxgiattg xal nvxviaeig nti^ovat xcerco ngbg xb fii" 
aop^xal avvsXavvova*. 

XXYU. Jlegl (ov ovx dyayxalov ivxav&a nXtio" 
ai Xoyotg jr^^Oi^ai. i]v ydg dv xig vnod^xat x&v 
litt^mr xoifxm xal x&v fnxaffoXiav alxiav elvai dtj' 
fuovgybv, avxi^ avviitt xbv xbaftov exaaxov iv kav^ 
T<^. xtti ydg yijr xal &dXaxxav exaarog tx^t xSafiav, 
ex^^ ydg xal ftiaov txaaxog l9toi'| km nddri aaftd- 



lf§ PliVTARCHI . '; 

Hit^g 6»i* ovdtV iariv^ b$u Mevip uJUtQov, ov mfify, 
XH pieov, mg it^taf nleUvw 4$ x^o/fwy 0«?«^. 
i^&* ?kast6v iaHvViitow /isoov* 5tf« liUfiatgUiia .^ 
totg (MP inl To&ro, tols 1* «^6 toirtoVf 'to'ig $i fiif*- 
TO^to, Ma&dTKQ avtol dtai^oiv. *6 6* «Sui», ml^.^ 
i&v fiiam ovtw., i^ tv fi4vov l^^eUfSattd fid^i^- 
nitvtax6$-tv, ov&ev dia/figei to^, noUuvovtnv w^,^ 
^^TTCDi^y c&ovvtog etg fjilav4pXi/ia to navtax6di¥\ 
(Afta dv^^eiv, xdl fna fjttiviyyttovg mkvtav iyjiefpi^, 
lovg negiixea&at, deMv r^yovftevog, ei ttiv /fvoixnp' 
%al atafiatucSiv ov fiidv anavta ^aifteged ual fuxw 
td ftavd x^qay ifpi^ei, ^aal yd^ ovtog aton6g earai^ 
K^kitvog, dyavaTttSiv, el td ola toig avtmv.fxiQetf^ 
XQfj^oi^y f^v xatd q>vaiv •&iaiv exovaiv iv htdatt^ 
lial td^v, ikeXvo ^ydq riv aionov, et tig eJisye xo-» 
(tfiov eJvat ihv iv avtta atXi^Vfiv exovta, xa&dns^ 
av,&QOi)nov iv taig ntigvaig i6v iyxeq>aXov n^QoSbV'^. 
tu, xal trjv xagdiav iv tolg xgotdtpoig, td 6e, nlfio^ 
vdg noiovvtag xf^Qh dXki^Xfav xoqfiovg^ afia tols 
SXotg TQ (iigij avvaq>ogii^iy xal ^vvlhaiQelv oixato^ 
nov. jj ydg iv Ixaar^) /^ xal 'ddXaaaa xal ovgav6g 
Keiiuetai xatd ipifaiv &g nQOa^xei, t6 te avta xdl xd^ 
va,xa\ xiviho, xal ftiaov, ov nQdgaXXoe^fOvit ixtdg, 
M£ iv iavt^ xal ^gitg kavtov %e» ttiv xdafimv txa^ 
atog. 

XXVin, "Ov fiiv ydg IJw tov x6afiov Xl&ot^ 
ino^idevtai tmg^ oviefioptig evn^Qtog nag^t v6^ 



^ DEDEFECTVORAGYlLORVM. ^^^ 

jcj^tf^ivi )f|p^^'t^ TtSafam, ^iSgtttif w Isind pd^tt\ 

owiap; pjv ^* ip M(pM 9i4afiia Jtt^ix*^^^^:*'*^^ 
aPP^lkfiiPifp av» Hdit dtano^tin, OTwg oin ivtav^f^. 
fiifrux»ilf^' '9*« fii^ 'dnoQ^apTaa jov SXov, .z^Py 
ffiknp 6f&ptag»at i6r Hpop, vtp ov avpixwnt t&Tv 
fn^p limffTOK inkt^ii n^&g i6p KdafiOPfalH int6$^ 
aiftov'76 ndw »at apu4afifitipoP9tg, ip jaigavtotg^ 
ihtof^tg 'Emnovgia^ /tpifa6fiE&a,^mpovPtt tdg dto* 
fiovg andaag tig tovg-itn^ n6^ag i6novg, S^kff %i 
TdS Mfoi} ni^g tx^ptog, ^ itjg dnti^g h avtf 
x«ke»'T» ktt» oW» dtapo^at Stiiovafig, 6i6 nai Xgvr^. 
atnn6p ia%i ^avfidlj^, ftaXXov di okng diano^p, 
Sm Sii mt&ibipi6p piaftop iv fiiat^ sf:r^ah td^va9atf, 
THdrtip ovaUnp ovroS t6p fiiaov tdnoPMidimg «oft 
titlriifwiap, ovx ^mata tovti^ avptiq^a&at n^ • 
T^ StofiOP^ xat olopildfp9a^ia¥. < tattl ydf ip 
t^ Ttnx^) nBQ^dvpot&p Uytt, fiiaop %t tov dn%U 
gov t6nop ovnoQ&i^ opitgAttmp^ dtomttiQap ii 
t^g dtaftoptjg tov vdafiov t^dpvndQittti, fiiaiifi tiJh 
dttlap vno&eig* nal tovtcr noUdmg^*iQffHKg hkti^ 
QOig,anvfng 9tgt6avt^gfiiaov^ ovaia, xaltaiig dnk 
Tov avt^g fiiao%* Stotnutat xat awixttai utvfiaiat^^ 
XXIX. Kal- fifjip td ft aUu %&v Smin&P ^ 
3r ^afifi&Uii, nw^avofiiPDttv, nmg tifuiqfiiv^ fiJUk 
liivtt xal nQipoia , nait ov noXkol Jisg ko* Z^vtf 
hntvvat, nitiivm optmp n6afimp; nQ&tov fik^.ydQ 
%l t6 noUovg ijpai /liag ^at 2^pag aftm&v i^tt^ 



it6hjDb drjnav&BV tgtat ra iMlmtf atcnt&ttQa. At/i 
yiiq r\kiovg xor* atkifvixg nu\ *^^tXiavf»; fuxl ItQUfJH'' 
Sng itai Jfoaud&vtig iv dm^oig Mdafjuav 'niQMoig 
diiiig&vg noiovatv. BTttna tig dvayxTi it(^Xovg'ilval 
jf^&g, &v nXslovtg oaai x6afio*, nal firj' ita&^ ^inxatav 
A^orta nqmov %(u ^ytftdva tpv ^Zotr^cdy l^oyrii^ 
nal voVv jcor» X6yov, olog & naq fifu^^ xv^iOg d^dv^ 
'i^v %a\ natr^Q inovofiatofiivog ;• ^ ti xuXboii t^g 
toB jiHdg itfiaQftivtig xal ngovolag^ v7t^n6ovg\fnivtag 
tlvai, nal tovtov iq>OQav iv fitQBt %al xativ^vVBtt^, 
ivdid6vta nmnv aQxdg »al omQfwita %dl %6y6vg^ 
t&f nhQawofiivfav i o^ ydg ivtav&a fwv tv awigth 
ia^ aSfia TtoXhixtg ix duat&tm atafidtm, cSbvhi'^ 
^Xfjaia xoi atgdtivfia, nal zog6g' mv ixdatto kdl 
IfiV xor» (pQOVhiv xoi fAav&dvtiv avf*Pip^it8V, &^ oU^ 
t&t Xgvatnnog* iv di t^ navtl dim 'yt6afjiovg ^71 
nsvt^itovta xal iuatdv ovtag ivl xgfj(f&ot lAyt^, kcii 
ng^g dgx^v avvtitdx&ai ftiav, dbbvat6v iottv, dlXd 
nal ndvv itgimt dsolg { toutiftti dtdta^tg^^ ov ydp 
Ag ^Jti^vovg^ ^y9fi6vag dit Ttotilv dv9^6(^oVgr oS&i 
ipfbtfgtlv. avyxXsiaavtag tjj vXij, fiv^Xov di avfiiip^^ 
^ptag, wgntg avtot toi^ff^oi^g digvtv IS^tgnotoiiih^ 
'V^, ftal vHdtm naX nvgdg dwdfjutg iyiuuQdfiivbi 
fiyo^ft^t avyytwSat t^ %6afjui^, itfil fMur-hvyitot^ 
tmalovatv, ovx d^oXiftOvg, oid* ii^&^oxfg, 'dlor 
k^i6;ibffg4j ttvfitgv^tag, ovtag* dXX\ £g^g dydXfid- 
n^ftgo^iXx^ftttt xo^ aHfrtfjxstai fidaBat^^^o^SitDgiyii^ 
^Xiui^ftiim^ itftd afOfttttiiitJdp ttoit avykuctni^tyofi<fi9^ 



DE DEF^jCTV ORAC'«n:.ORVM. i 7 j 

t^itovgf ifoivmyopvTas avz^ ^ixqi <p^ogvi^ xcr» ^iot* 
X{ji.(F^ und.af}S ^o» fisjeipoXr^g» , , 

, . 7 ?pCX. ^MxBlvog y^ olfAtu, affip6ttgog 6 X6yo^ 
7ffit\_fAiyakonQmiaT9Qog, udiaTsdiovs nal avioHQOr 
Xiig^^ovg •dBovg ovjag, MintQ oi TvvdaQidai to^; 
^jwio^ivoig fioii&ovaiv, intQxif^f^oi rt fiakdaaov^ 
ng fiia tov ndviov &xHag ts avifiaiv ^indg, ovx i^m 
nliovtBg avrol huI avyxivdvvsiovug , «JU' avi^idtif 
ini4jpaiv6fi69fot xal aw^ovTsg * ovioig inUvat TSvuii^ 
Qfitay SkloTB uXXov, riSovjj rt x^ d-iag uyofuvovg^ 
ttu tfi ipvati awamvOvvovTag txaarov, 6 fiiv ydq, 
Oii9}QAx6g Ztvg ov ndvv nQ6a(o fitTidtixt T^y otpiv 
0^6 TQoiag inl Tti OQaxia xai Tovg nt^l Tdv^BpQOf 
vofiddng* 6 d' dXri&ivdg t^tt xaXdg xai nQtnovaai 
iv nUioak x6ajtoig (itrafioXdg , avxl xtvdv iniiQQ^ 
^e^ pXin6)V, ovd^ kavTdp, SXXo d* ovdiv {^4^]&^^ 
wxy tvtoi) yomv, aX^^tQya ts &tav xa* dv&QiimMf 
^oXXd^ xtPTiatig rt xal qtOQdg aaTQti^v iv ntQiodoig 
7{iHTai&tti^tvog, ov ydQ anrx&dvtTai /usTo^oA««$b 
SXld xal ndvv x^^Q^J^ ^^ &t'iov, tl dit t&v qfttivopti^r 
rm TtxjtaiQta&a€ Toig xot ovQavov i^dfiiiiptat xoi 
n^Qiodotg. 17 fiiv ovv dntiQia navTdnaaiv dyvtapmv 
tf^ aXoyog xttl fiTidafitj nQoaifliivfi^^tdv,dXXd XQ^ 
If^ nQdg ndvTa t^ xaxd tvx^v xal avTOJidTt^* ^ 
^ :iv UQiaiiiv(g nXr^&ti xal dQi&fiM x6afipv inifiie 
lniot Kal 7tQ6vota t^$ ilg tv dtSvxviag awfia ^x^ 
nQpaJiQTtffiivi^g kvl, xttl Tovjo jitTaax^fiaTi(Qiia%i 
xj^l dvanXaTTovatfg djttiQdxig ; i^fipiyi Oo»ii l«$iiihk 
tX^iv datfiv6itQov fiiiT imnovmtQOv»^ 



^:, ' XXXl*jfi>w fjUrtHp ioaavta iXnuiv' iniaxQv, 
>^:« ^k 4fUnnnog o^ noXvv xQ^^^ (httXi7to)v\ ' 'I^d /ih 
^'pihl^ig m^ rovtCDr optfa^^txftv yJ kTiQ(o$, ovx ay 

.^9i6gn^fiov^Stei'tl'7iivnpi6iwn6t6vfjisv, 6v TtlfiO" 
\9^v, ^nftnoVDydv, xal^tgiaxi- tot^ a^i&fiov xovxov 
m^q li JtX^og ^dyogi 'n9to>v Sv fwi &oxa lia&dr, 
,iijijg ivtmv&anou EP JtaduQdtatfog trjv didvolav, 
€£ts ya^iQlymvog ;^ tsjQiiyiavogi ovti tiXtiog ij xv^ 
finMbg,. ovt- aXXrj[V^tivd tpalvttas xo/i^rijT(x ;ia^&p 
X0V talg ayanSak td tota^ia xal &avpd^vaiy. ^ 
^f M6'tMf*'atotxtUiiv* IqppdOff, . ^v dvi6g vnfivi^aio, 
ndftf^. dboXfidttogiatt,, xaliifidiv vrto(paiv6vaa iyj^i 
imifov intamiafiivrjg nt&avoiritbg simXv , 6g ftxog 
i4n$^mvt9 awfidxwf laoymlGfv ital' laoni(vQ(ov kal 
%$ffuxaftiv9m y&etg-imnidotg.^, iyysPofiivwv/i^^yXij, 
it00O^ovg tv0vg iS aitwv^ dnotiXta&ijvat xdafiovg^ 
■ XXXII. Hml fiiiy (Btprjv iyoa) donti OsodtagoYo 
StJi^vg-oV' tffit^etg fistiivatitdy Xdj^ov, . i^yovfisv6g 
td' fsm&flfiMttxn tov' nXdxtavog^ fjdtsiai ds ovmg, 
Ttfsifufiigt xaloKtdsdgoVf.xalflxQodsdgov, xal Sfods" 
wkdQOv,. S-nQ&taftidttttt IJXdiiov', xaXd ftiv iatt 
mitfta, ovftftstQiatg Xdytift^xafta^xfjattxixl jitQsXaaoif, 
oiHv' ovcf5V , : o^ '^fsotov' SXXo avv^sivat tij <pvast 
xm^itnvtiiQfMas.XiXttntatr fttag ys fiijv ndvta av- 
m^^sngfiovx s\kf^', . o^* '6fiolav txs^ i^v ysvmv^ , 
dXki^lsftt^atav (uv iatt xal fitk^tatov ^ m/^c^* 
(j^^\'jtiya90v di ka^' nbXtfitQiatatov i6 dtoStxds' 
6Q^i ttwvi 6k Xt^m^fii^dvuv^tott SxxdiSQOv, fitt- 



DE DEflElGTV 0«AO\'LORVM. IJJ5 

uSl^axdr- iifu* la^j^d^ Isnju xai, (iuti^ uoil ttti$ 
lutTJaQHSvmg. anlo^aTfQa , ni^ma iia xiyotm xiu 
»ttkXdjTorti> T^ vhiv wtoKov^iv ur^yxfi xat «rtfir- 
'itXeia^4xi Hat* n^^i^iajaa^ai> iSv aS^ftf ^&y ^al 
'7U>ljuo»fidTf»Vt.xalt^ aiKnaaiv iqyw^sti^iivix^i^ 
TAiVy. i^,w t^ S»ikiiMq^y^. tnftai:di toin^, rd 

foy (tvai-.aiSi^a nQmtPv t^i^ nv^fiida, t&v ^ Skt 
fjii^iv, dnoXfinoftivtj tfi {pvou tijg yeviai6iiqi^ 
tmv ovy tafta nal! TavTi9^ tiji.tttoniairi^.til^ vlif£ 
ti^.nivts xdafiw^ 9taiQsai^,xai dimtaatg.onovfih 
ypta nvqafug {vniatt^ ytxQ nQwtov) »ffou(3* oxTaa* 
i^aff, Shov> $*Hxo&m^&v», in. di to» n^vnoatdV' 
to^iv sxdift^,td Xotnd t^v j^ivtoiv t^M*,. Ttatd o^y^ 
Uj^iaiv Jtal IkduQtatv fHQmv dg ndvta ytvoftiviig aiSk 
avjifidfioX^g, UfgM&t6g^&il2idtia¥ vnodsUwai dt» 
nayti»» ajfj^idv im^im' ^tv M fi^^oig aQxiau 
jjta»sivv cnc* «{^- fiiv' ofiivvvfiivovnvQO^ vfpiatu^ 
iaip.xjoUiXsntyv6lAivog^ avlSttt iiavtovi nvQ dvadi* 
^iaqiiifAv totg.sxatiQOig.aniQ^aai.td nd&tf ^ti^fiv- 
ai^ai.Kaltdg.fiftalioXdg, oniQf^ata dinv^g ^,wv- 
^fils,.i^'fl'ito0i, xai« Tf (^M^v nQi»tsitv\ tQt^fiHfOiv. w^ 
a aktd^d^ oiQo^. 4x TfaoaQdxovta xaloktw t&9 
d&i&lv ftvftati ^vttaii tolvvp diQog. fiiv^^> (naat* < 
;[ifiov^4xlSmivnvQii aifj^xQa&ivtmr Halav9td»tOHfi ■ 
t6 d^ dsQog dv xsQfja(tij^dftsv.oif ; . sh ^vo nVQog^^^ka^' 
x^yeTo^a«/uaT«j(.ati^i&ii/?d^eyoKvj$^ av&i^ alp^xfii t 
dvfjLnihtov>9 .fi$: vdetr^l tfHi»v Sh^rh ^ &9n.mvw»*^^ 



I7§ f , Mi?]^v<rAftOHi 

'^tlvTj^pt a^ybv .x«» n^ohiitTixiiv igyknati^^o'9'^ 
X^; (tiiairtf^^^i tijv 6(imvfilap» 

XXXIif. Kttl 6 l4(ijji&vios' *Avd^&$ fdp j^l^n) 
X9pui 't(f 0sodMi^ Kal iptXottiimg dMimifiTat. 

livqsji^miioig dXl^ltav, a|toi yag ajia ft&a^ to%ci niy^ 
«r^i) fiviad-ai rf^v avataoiy, cwUix t6 ttmStat&r 
iilxal ft ilMXTOVoq nqaffiatdag avnat^tpts^ovnqo'^ 
txjiftmiiff iig ^ivtaiv. clra Sian^q ift6Xoif&c^, ^i 
filfx6ji$vov toiitiff, ti&iiai, x6 /»1} wauv 4lifv ir^* 
t^ daifBQHV td Ismdtaxov %ali aitlolfatatoif , 'ikf 
ipw)^ taifi^gi^ji xo» mlvfisqSf (p&dvtiv nq^^i^ 
ax^vja Tttig yiviaBatv ix t?^ vJioig, ^^^v dt tQiftov, 
nivxs atatidwv nqmav vi^ontifiivmv, ytfl ^^ t^^b 
it^Ofiiov Xfyofjiivfiiv uvai toaioimv, nq^ pi^ ^^ 
tiaaaftt tfj mdiav^tiiTi x^ttHtovi^ ififj^ov^,Sajtt^ 
iit natd^i^ ip^qifov i)9>,ifi^7(x<». fuiii' mvt^ ^ixtJii^ 
fttTvfidKksiv n{q}!V4t6Ta,^ft/^t iitdi^tg naqixiiV^p^^ 
Pokriy d^iavt^v, an $^i t&Vf9q»fdjif^:o^ $fu»yt^ 
vm^vmv^^iudvoii^ (ikflfo^i^vmiffMai ftoi^v ^i^ 
'ttm^ y!l^'%ff.i%qiy(ai^o9^irtok^ ^ %ik&if^^6iM» ^ lifo^ 
n^l^, oi\?toi»Stvm^ imtih^i»n^»f', Wtt^dd/'* 
^IW^ fvmin^v*: cl^ ^wif^i^nivu^^mtfiStafV ^toh» 
9Hgl;.0ivTMJ^9fi^^iMa<T^ W»^^)«|E«#fte^i>9tT^ 

toh^fftAKifvrjntt^^hi-v ys^igisii^^^fit^ftpmt^ ni^ 



UE DEFBCTV Olt^CVLOR VM. i}\ 

4pvi$v. iityttg, «w ««VtA toU xttlovfjiipov Sa^t* 
KaidQ^^f sftoix^Xov aXX6noiovatP,ovit ix^tvo t& ami 
X^rhv, ii ov t^v nifgtt[jiiiidi ual 16 oKTatd^oy ital rB^ 
UKoadiSQovZ JSXdiu^ avylaTriaiK «Sats Ufid^tXSi^ 
o'A(iiiwvio'g ttnsv ^toivTd ctm }iiakvtibv, i^tMi^ 
U f^sn-^ov tisqI ifjg HO^vijg^ anogtag, 

XXXIV. JKwyw- m&ttPmsgov ov^h tz(a Xi^ 
^tvsv yt Tw ^nttgZvtf piXtiov iJ* Haoig iattv Wva^ 
tv^via^ VTdxum d6^g i\ aXXotgiag. Xiyf» xdivvv 
ay^igiS agx^g» oti Svolv vnoxsifiiviov qivasav, iSjg 
ukv absQ^i^g iv yzvian Hat q^OQ^ (isttt/i6XoV xal 
^ogritiig iSlXoi» aXXtog, itigag 3* Iv ovaia roi^TJ^ 
&tl %atdtanftd ^aalttag ixoifdtig, dsiv6v iativ, & 
ttat^Sfi^v fuff yoijT^i^ Httagla&ai mi dia<poQdv \sir 
iviavtfi, t^v di amfitttix^v xal na^Tittxriv ^ ^^#4 
filav Tig dnoXtinoivVfjtnsfpvxvXav ttvtjj xat avwsv^ 
vvtmv, akXd x^^!*^ ^^ Sitaif^atVf dyavaxtAv xal 
9vaxtgtUvUv, id ydg fi6fitfjta xal Otla drinoy jt&X^ 
XMf ttvtm txta^tth ngoofixik, xa\ ipsvytiv Hg SifV'* 
a%6v iatk "ioft^P dnaaav xal Stdataatv. dXkd xttl 
fo^iuv'^ Tol; itiqov Hvafjttg dntofiivri (isltovag 
ipti^adiai 9mv %atd i6nov diaatdat&v xotg fofi- 
ttSiig idg mltd Xif/off' uaii idiav dvofiOi6tritag. t&sv 
ivttffdfuv^ t€lig tv t6 nSv diKHpalvovatv oHX&tm^ 
td tt*S»' ihei ^i^ xai t^ tavtbv xal t& htgop * 
hti liSa^-H witfn'*^ naiatda^. oyron' otv nivtt 
T^j^TAH^; a 4^mfftinaihf ^v, ttt&v nivit c^^cnix^ 
OfOf^ifiA^ h^ljmtiHxtfiw^ndfftov f^f^pta t^t^^t,' 
xal d^tilikf^iaH y^tk^fs»P, < dirt Sjttxtor^ ^i^** 
Pi.vT.Mo&.in. M 



sUi^cmri;» ffUa t^ [AdiXma fj^ixsip ,$i(^inov lx4J« 



^olxitdv iait aAfia, pw t^v, twv ^7i;£?T8i9a)y off^c^Aeiair 
)k(jtl pfjiaidtrita *, trt^ ^s ny^ajtl^Qg- noi Sy %ii %^ 
nvbonisg xal iiivfiiin6y hf T^^lfi^T^iiju iSinf.nUvT 
Qojpitat.tjj tm.y(anuv,'qlvTf}tLicatapo^a(uyT^ ^d^ 
tav dcidMaidQOV qivatgyneQdifnziH^^&^alhit^ axtl'; 
fianap oidixy tov ovtog, shu&y nQiig\nSui.t^ g»fjta%ffT 
)(iy pyoyivat i^m; tiau^^kXotniay dv^iy ,,jdt (4»p 
sixoadsdQOM tijg tov itsQoVrti ^' oxTae^^oy. uuXiffCf 
ii}g tavtov jistsiXfixty idia^, dtd tovtq ftiv^fiiiQm 
axsttx6v.ovaiag^naaTig^(^v fua ftOQip^ ' ^^fitfiQoy di^ 
yi(OQ im,nXfiata ,t^ usQdvyva&at .yivfi ^tojiotxitim^, 
iQjBndfJtsyov . n«^yf«y.^ ^nsQ cvy ^ ^g) yatg -avot.i»! 
iriiv iaovofjtiav iv naaif %a\ ndojiqy^ isi^^g ia\t ixif^^ 
nXsiovg ysyavivat /4ijt iXdttovg ttiy.TfaQaisAy/ii^^ 
iwv, onio^ sxaatoy. ikdatfa td^ky l^ysfioyitKJf] .%/j 
ual ivyafjtiy, mnsQ ivtfifLs avataa$at tdy.adiiJtdtpfp 
saxrixsy. . , .« 

XXXV^ Ov fjt^v dXXd. toSuxa ftsysatfa nagtffiv* 
^ia tov &avfidiovtog, 4 i^v i;y ysyiasf,ml ftfita^i^, 
Xf} (fvatv stg yiyti tqaavta ^atQOVftiy, insivaS' ^*^ 
di) axansitsuatvn ;i^as;jf€^Tef^-.Sjf TeJf}r.;4M»T(i.T^ 
uQxoiy y 'Xiyfq^ ii tov kvd^ltdt t^^, aq^^tpiv -^^tja^o^ 
1} fjtiv dfAOQ(ffiag Ttdatisi atoixs^iqy .ov}xu,i{(iA. dtix^s^ 
dnitQ^a xixXiitat' rj dstov $ydtg;\i^v(itg,$f^^})ffa na"^ 
ncttaXajij^dvoyaf ty^^^finst^ictg t^^,0tjpv6M<mi ai^yov, 
xal d6Qtaiqy,*t^fji^wo^ nafi;ifttat, iaitn^^^^ff^^' 
y^y^ns^y td^ ijtor^ijTa '^^i^Jfim^iQijiaty^ . dfifi^ytr 



DE DEFECTV ORACVLORVM. 170 

iroiff tnofiivep jiixl dex^fjiiyov. avim di 'JTffiMTOv^cti 
«^X^^ '^^^ ^^^ u^t^fiop- inHpaivovtttt ^ ftixllov,di 
dXmg d^&fiis ovH tOTi'%^ nXjj&og, av fi^ xadaTtfQ 
tldog vXiig t6 iyywdfisvow ix T^g. imtqiag to% aoq^ 
inov^ nVj fiiv TiXzloy, w? di iXttTtov dnoiijfjivritau 
t6te'ynq dQt&fi6sylvtTai tQv nXfi&mv ixaatov, tni 
1v& Mg dgiJ^dfAtvov idv Se dvaigs&fj t6 sv, ndXiv 
fid^ifftog^dvdg ovyx^aaa ndv d^^v&fiov xal anti' 
qoif xiu dfUtgov inohiatv iml d^ t6 ndog ovx u- 
raigfaigioti trjgvlrig, dXXd fio^^ xal td^tg vwo- 
xit^ivf^g, drdyxfi xal ttS dgi&fjt^ tng dqxdg ivvndq- 
^iy dftqiOtiqctg,Z&%v tinq&tfi %ai fxeylatfi dtatfoqd 
jHtt idvofiot6ti^ yiyovev, tatt yaQ ^ 74«^ d^gtatog 
J^^ tov?dgrtiov dfifji*ovgy6gl ^ ^9 P^Xtitxv tov ns- 
Qntov»^ n^tog dktSv dgtiiAv td 5vo, nal td tgia 
T&v mgivt&v, i^ av td nivtTy t^ fjtiv aw&iati xot' 
ro^oliv dftqiotr^dqi&fndgf tf di dwdftH yiyovciig n^ 
QVttdq,- c(0f«i yd^r -<^ nX^ova fiiqvi tov aia&ritov 
xai awfjtattxov pfgtZofiivov dtd triv avftq^vatv, dvtt" 
y»<yf?^ iM^dii^TOff, fjtrids 101' ftffitov dgttov ytvi^ 
c0ati ftii^H tbfv nifiiov fitgtttdv, dXXd tdv tgitov 
iw toitm dnOitsXQlffitvov, onwg dn dfjtqtotigfav twv 
d^Sit yivfjtat,^ jtal tijg t6 aQttov ififtiovgyouarig 
xefi 'tijg.^6 mpttttfv, oi ydg ^v olov tt t^g itsQag 
dfiMayiifai t^ hiQav Ixattga ydq aQx^ig cpyatv 
l';fti ftit\Miiiaft^v, dftfpotiQoiv ovv avvdvaiofAimVf 
ri p^fitiv tQtti^ffaaa t^gi doQiatiag StatQoyaf}g, t6^ 
aoifiitvtxdvj ivihtm xal i^g vifig iv dfifpotiQoig $i'i' 
Qtfkfttiviig' ^id)^v i^v)iom^ ^tfiivfi , M^tt vtfiri&n' 

M 2 



MK-T«'Atf*' ovx ftaaBV, ulktt nl^&og fiiv yfyovsitS^ 
ffiui»^. VTM i^. kiiQoxritog rov aoqioiov ntotl dtii^U'» 
Qui^ TTf^tTT^y da nJiijdog ^ tavToZ xal wgiafiii^ov 
iUfvamg H:ifi^ya^xaiy Tre^iTTOf^ di totovtov, Jti 
noo^Te^ta z^v (pvaiv ^ piXtiov ^i, TtgoflS^v ooA 
c|«e(7€r. *r jUfy ytxg afiiyig xal xa&aQdv 'r^v tSTr; 
9^^6 ckfog sixsv ^ vXti didataaiv • iml di xw Sieet^ 
4^tixiH trjg dvadi^ fisfitxrai, tofirjv fdv idi^to Xfil 
Siai^iaiv, iviaZ&a ^' eattj t^ mQiaatS tov agtia^ 
x^attiS^ivtog. 

XXXVI. <^i6 xnH n^iniaaadah to uqt&f^aat^ 
%ptg nalateig s&og f^v xaliiv, . iHfkai de xal ree ntir'- 
ta joiv nivte naQavvfiei yeyovivat xatd loyov, «^ • 
d^ tfjg mvidSiog ix ttliv nqwiav «gt&fto^v avpsavSi- 
ar,g, xal yti^ ol fisv Slloi noJJianlaaitt^Sfisvtuniieg 
ukXovg, sig twsgov avtaiv aQi&fidv ix/Satvovatv ' ' ^ 
dBnivttig, uv fisv ttQtKtxtg Xoifijidvritat ^ t&v dixn 
noul tiXstov ' ittv ds neQiaadxtg, kavi6v niiXtv ano^ 
didwjiv.iitt d*, oti nQtatov fiiv ix n^d»jm,9vslp 
tstQayMViov tfvviattixe tijg te fiovd^og xal t^ tc- 
tQd^og finsvtng, nQmtrj de laav dwtxfdvfj toXg^^ 
c^yi^g dvift, To xdXXiatov t&v oQ&oytovUav tQiyuiftiP 
qyyiatriqir nQMTrj di nottl t^v rifitiiXtov Xoyov, q9 
^^Qia^g olxsla tavia tofg vTtoxstftivOtg TtQayfiaatv, 
. df,X^ ^xsXvo fitiXXov , tu , ipvas i> dttxtQettxdV' tov aQi" 
^p-^LOv xalto nXetata toitoi Ti}y ipvatv dittvifiUVi iv' 
(i^ X^M^'^, «V^'0'ff txta&^^asig itivts, %al fUQifi iffV- 
if^* ffJHT^x4'''.?i^^,!iT'*^*'r^^^^^ff'2ff*^i', &VfiOStdig, 
' oytaitxdv • ttal daxti/Xovg ixttisQag x^^^^S wao v- 



DE DEFM-^y P^GyiORVM, 181 

roTf^'. iia}ti( yrpviii&XQL%o¥.am(fiia mviajfii oxiW- 

^fVftjav^i^aTaifaviTai^ faorei* Ttfin f^v Ptav Jff' 
^fmiioi^fty&oio^vqi nivu ^tovg uxttv, aivittifti^ 
To^tr^vjK^ ftiag ^Jbj^ tm TtirtB x6aftm yivioit/ ^i 
of^Tfii mpfu^nivu fiiv (matg o m^l yrjiv lineg/jiiv^ 
Tp^ ijB xvjd^is oi^avog 9i6l}^iaja*, l^volv «Qxiii(oti 
«fx» ii{alK_ Toomjipig xal fiiat^ if \ariiitQivslu 'mv^i 
i , ai^Tuv^TUavoifiivoiv aajQtay mgledot yty^^a^i^j 
ilklovntai (pmq>6Q0V nal axikpaivog SfiodQOfievrifav 
i^f^lf^vie^ di xtn ^ tov x6afA0V avvta^ig,, Samg 
tmi^ktt^iial jikTijx^ rifuv ^Qfioafiivov iv nivu TtT^a* 
2^Q^v biqiaiv SQaiai twv vnatbiv, aal fiiatav, xal 
avf^fifiivo» , nal die^ivyfiivfov , -xal VTitQ/Solpimy* 
jHtt^ tajtikijfpovfifya diaatrifidta nivts, dUatc, xctl 
^fiiti^iov, rwl t6vog, nal tQirifiit6vior, ual ditovor» 
Qpjoif ri tpvaig «q*x« tw nivtf nouXv anaiftd xat- 
^nv fioiXkov ^ T^ afpaiQOti^%„ Hd^antQ UQiatovilrjg 

,^ xXVfil.ti dijtd (fiaai ttg Sv ) i JlXdjtiiv 
i^ td nivti ax^atH %dv tlav niru nCafitiV.aQi' 
yji^y aviivfyxBV, tinuv, ott tfi nifiittrj avaidaii 6 
^togiiu^tb Twv ttauxQ^aato ,; ixt7v6 diayQd^o^v'; 
ilta T^y ntQt tov nl^^^oyg tav i6afi(av vito^tlg <t- 
nQJjiav, ndttQov Iva, 'i^nivti dvtovgaXr^Ud^nt^ 
qfux6tag XiyttVnQogriiiti^ ^ .d^X6gr i^tiv iviei^iv oW-' 
ttevo^ &Qfirja^at t^VvTvi^oipivl^ 1 tl^iQ ovii^ht 'iiQ% 
4vv iiUvovdiSv^ia^anayiiv i^'tiu6i\''hid7m}jiif, 
itiiaigtSiv ala/J^VVi! 'T^tWy'^^^^''^^^^^^'^'' 



18J , . PLVl^ARCHX 

f«g, iam^ aVT.6s diSdaitfi, id'- dtax^ti^dfisvoy i^av-y* 
tQtvdfitvop Siiat^g ovaltt^' iff it^gotwasi «o* low 
iino¥ ftaMmtniV' «no(patP6fitvoS'> av ydg^ ^ 
(Ni( nvQ yipfjtat, Iv&ivt/og tov oxiaiSgoti «a^ jic^ 
fiaua&ivtog tlg nv^afiidas,' ^ ndXiwaifif txnv^i 
gwcM^fiftDc «JK* avy&Xifiivtog tig ontdti^^w , oif 
Bvvatdv ftiviiVi Snov n^t$Q0P r]V ', dXXd fp^hyu jt«i 
^pi^tai n^og itifov xAqov i»pta{6fi9V0K xal ftagfch 
ftBVOv-toig iviutafiivQig Hal itatsnalyovoiv» In 9i 
fimXXov tui6vi td avfifialvov ivdiUvvtai , • toig ihl^ 
tdv.nXo^Vbiv ualoQydvviv tcSync^» trfv to^ aitov' 
jtdS-agOiv asicifiivoig nal dvaXutfivtfiiifoig &fioi(og Xi^ 
ywtdatotxda asiovta t^v vXijv, vn htsivtfgtt 
ati4fi8vaf 'n^oaxtaiQtiv dsltd ofioia^^oig6fioiotjff^ 
aXXf^ ts x^gav^tlXXol Vaxt^i^ nQlv i^ avtwv ytpia&at 
t6 Twit dtaxoafifjd^v ' ovttag 6vvt6u tijg vXrjg ixoh" 
ar^-^gtxuv td n&v tiitog, ov d-^bg amaxiv , t^dvg 
al TtQ&tab nivts not6tr}ttg,' idiag I])f9i;(7a^ ^o^rac» 
iq>i^ovtq xfoglg, ov navtdnaaiv, ovd* tiXiXQtvSg d- 
non4^tv6fitvai, did td ndvttav dvafitfiiyfiivov dtl xd 
KQOtoi/fitva totg inutQatov'U ttatd qtvatv Knsa&ai. 
^id drj totg t&v atnifidTiov yivtaiv^aXXwv dXXajpj (ptr 
QOfiivaiv iaa^i&fiovg fiSQidag ital dtaatdattg inoitjr 
aav trjv fiiv ov xa&aQOv nvQog, dXXd nv^cit^* 
t^v d$, ovK dfityovg ai&iQog, dXX* ai&sQOtidSi ^ Trjy 
y ov yijg avt^g xaS^ havtifVf dXXd ytiostd^*. fidXt* 
atuM nal tr^v diQog xoivGiatv r^v ^datog, dtd t6 
Tioii^r , MontiQ '«ifigTtfi , Twf' SXXtov ipvXmv dfant* 



DE DEtlECtT ORACtXOftVM, i?3 

nlrtUfiiva, intX&^v. oi fA^- S '^i^^ii^tfi^sy^^^vii 
dtwitag rtjv ovaiav, 'diTk vn ovt^; difotvSaify erv<* ' 
%9pf,Hal ip$gofJiiiffiv J^lg, dy aHOfjfjtlaig roomitai^ 
nagaXaPwv, ^ToJ^t xal trw^gpoae' ^i* avtxXoyiaq uaX 
p^dvfiTog' ' *ii^* hdajfj Xoyov i/ytmuattiaag ^gnt^ 
a^fidati^v nat g>vXaxa, 7i6afiovg inolrjas roacifrov^ 

* Saa yivtjTtaV'ngAtwvvt0ftdT(avvnfJQxt. Tavrafnv 

* oiv tfi BXdiwog dvttxela&to jfdgni , ii Uf/fidmov ** 
iydtii nfql fikv dqi^fiov nSaftOiV ^vx av nott iHii* 

* iTZ^iOttlfiriv, ott xoahvxok,triv SlnXtibveig fiTJv ^vpg, 
iufikv dmlgovg; dXl* wgiafiivovg TzX^^h xi^tfiivfiv 
ddlSav, tvdtxiga$ ixipv^v dvaXoyaxigav riyovfiai, t^ 
ipvati x^g vXfjg aittdaaxdv xal fitgiaxov 6g&v, ovx 
4fp iv6g fiivov, oxx ug antigov vnb xov X6y6v /?»- 
' dl^tiv idffitvov, tl d* dXXaxo^i nov, itdvxav&a xijg 
' dxadrifilag hitofHfiVfjaxoVttg , iavxovg , xb ayav ti}^ 

niaxttttg d(patgb)fitv , xalx^v daqtdXtiHv , Sgmgiv 
XatglM atpdXtg^i x^^neglxTJg dmigittg XdyM, ftivov 
Biaa&^fitv, 

XXXVIII. -'^juov 9i xttXrta 'tln6vxogi & ^l*n^ 
xgiog* ^Og&Sig («<^) Aafinglttq^nagaivti. noXXtiig 
yngr oV^tol fiogfpttlg ov aog^iafidnav, (/ug EvgtnUhig 
qifialv) dXXd ngayfidxtav agidXXovaiv fiftag,' ow dng 
intaxdfitvot' xoXftB^fitv dnoq>alvta&ai neg* TfjXixoif" 
xmf. ' d)£' dvoiaxiog 8 Xdyog (&g^avr6g dviig'(pf}atv) 
inl xrjv if dgxijg Ind&taiv. x6 ydg' d^iaxaftiv^v 
xal dno%ti7t6vx0v xd xgfiO^vgta xmv 9atfit6vnVf ^g^' 
ntg igyttva Xtxvix&v dgyd xtti dvat^ iXua&aiXt" 
t^iv, txtgov X^yovlyii^i xbv-ntglx^g mtiag ftd' 



m j>jL.y;XAft.CEii i 1 '.w 

toig iv^ovaiaafio7g xal (payjaaiaaxixov^ wfg^^Of^ 
(j>vTqg xai Tcig ngoqiriTiSag, ^v ^^ tn6d t< trii ejc* 
Acii^ty alijLaa&ak xov amtv^^v jd fHnnsiop.fiiiyni^- 
a&iutag ov Tqdjtov i^j^fatmig^ dvjoig xal.i&xfoj^i 
ivsjoyd xol I6yka noiCfvaiv pi daifiovigh vaoiafiotivs. 
SspAi^fifhviog- QIh jfdg cu^oV t*- tov^ ^a^oy«iy^^ 
itmv^ri if/vxdg ^vtag mQUioXiXv xa^* 'Hom&w, 'flfc^ 
^a eaaa^sKouf. ifiol .fiiv.ydQ, ^v Sv&qtawo^ ^tk 
iia(fiOQdv Ttqbgavd-qtanov vnoxqtvdjipVQV jqc^yiodiav^' 
fj zatfitadtav , tavtriv ^eiy doxii yfvxti,ng6g ^VZV^" 
iviaHBvaJafdvriv awfia naqovti fila^ nqiat^q^v* oi* 
^v ovv.ttXoyov ovdt ^avfmat^, ci v^f^jtal y/t/j^ois 
ivtVYxavomaiy q>avtaalag ifinoiowji tov fiillovwgl 
SgnsQ rifiiig, uXXr^Xotg ov ndvt» did (p(av.ijs, dlXprwiii, • 
yqdfifAaai, y xal ^tyovtig ^dvov^Hal, n^afiX»if(9tvn$^ '> 
noXXd xal fjirivvofiev tcSv yi'/ov6t(av xa* tmv iaofii" 
y(av nqoarifialvoftiv.. el fi^tb av ^ystg, Xtiqov^ i, 
Atxfinqla • xal ydq evayxog V^iv T/ff ^Jwyii nq6g ^^ 
fiug, , iog aoy noXXd nt^ toi)t(av ivjhfiudicff^oig 
duxXsx&ivtog, (tiv ovdiv 6 diriyoifHVog dxqtfiCjg ^la* 
jivrjfi6v6vaB, Mfi ^avfidarig, (tff^v iyd^) noiXatiyd^ 
Sfia nqd^fig did fiiqov lial aaxoXidi awnvyxdvoth 
aai, dcd to fiavtaiov ilvai X(xl ^valav ,,Tovg^ X6yovg 
iaanaqfiivovg ^fiiv xal anoqddag inoitfauv^. dXkdt 
vvy. oUftfjLiiwioi 89^, xal ,ax^X^^ uyovfug^dxQOcttdg 
t^ug, xal nqo&vfiovg td fiiv, JiHuiv, td di fiav&d-' 
vuvt^eqidog ixn(i8b)v o^atif x(X4 <pikov€Uilag. andaijgt 



X4id«iryTiar, ffMf6» ^/(tf ffMi)7n)aor^* iC(x* /iijy tffkqi^' 
■si^jl»}; Tcyo^; »li^fiwyt£, toig j6ts X6y.oi^ avjdg a^- 
^^i^'tt»et xal n^q^bov Mi^(amq, ilYaq al J<aaeipi-/" 
^^tti.isai»awi ^ |ii} ^5Taa;ifoS}<Qror£ Td no^nav ipV'^ 

Sij^^ii tag 4v tei^aaf*qai yfVX^i UUvvi^ trig bvvar 
l^m& imajSQoliiiiy , jj ttt . fsilXoKta. xal ngoypv^ 
qMiy TfjKpvxaat xal nqodiiJLovv oi dalfjiovtg / ovi9^ 
^e^ ivvofitVy 0VT8 fUqfyg ov&iv imyivia&ak toug 
y^yjcwk^' ojavdnokitnoiak t6 awfia fii^ xtxt^fiivaig 
^^tfq^v £1x6$ imvi dVb iil fih ^x^iv, • %x^^^ ^ 
tp^viif^qot t^ a&fiati fMtfnyftivag, xal td ftiv oXoig 
mitila xoi 9t(»qvfjtfjtiva ,. tu di da^ivtf xal ufiuvqa, 
9toii,.toig dt' OfjUx^S oquKJtv^ 7) xtvovf/iivotg iv vyqi} 
TfaqanXf^aiag dvatqya.xal fiqadia xal noXX^v no* 
^ovvta.deqamiav tov olxilov xal dvdXrifiv, uipai'' 
^Hfi»^de ital xd&aqaiv toif xXintovtog, agmq ydq 
6^tog>0vx otav dtaq^iyp tn vi^fnri yiyvetai Xatfi- 
^^f. dXf tatt fiiv dti, qalvnat^ d' rifxiv iv ofklxXji 
Zvajpa-^g xak dfMvq6g* ovtmg { y^vxri triv fiaifttm . 
afiv, opx imxtutak bhvofttv ixp^aa tov aottfiatag, 
igntq^viifjovg, aXl^ l^oi/oa xaX yvv, tV(pX6ttat6td ,. 
»4y nqog. i6 Sv^tov drdfjitStv avtifc xal avyxvaiv» ' 
oijfilM&apfw^iiy^iiiS' dniatHV, dqwvtagfstfjni^ 
^ty SXXo, tijg ifjvx^gtiiv dvtiatqo(pQv %i fnavnxp 



4i36 PLVTARCHI 

dvvjufny, ^v [if^/jifjv na^tfjnv, '-^Atxoi^ V^v dn'o 
dflxvvTui 16 afa^HV ra TtQtqt(i^(M$va ntal (pvldmiv, 
p&lXov di ovra . twx ^q yiyov6xm ovdiv ionr, 
oiH^ xfCfiaTijTtiv i dkX*^ apn ylvttdindvta «orr ^^W- 
gttat, lialn^dSHg, KalMyot, xer* na$fifjiata, tot) 
;^q6vov, xa^dntQ (siizatog, iHatna naQaqiiQoPtog, 
aStrj di tijg ipv^^S' ^ divafitg ^w» oW ovtiva T^d- 
nov dvtikaf*Pavofiivri, .toT^ /ui; niXQOimt q>avtaala^' 
xal ovaiav^nfgiii&iiatv.^ ftiv ydg OscaaXoXgnfpl 
"Agvrig doMg x^^R^S ixilTVt ipgdZ^iV , xttfqpoi; V'«- 
xoiji',' tVfpXoU Ta dig^tv, ^^ Ss fiv^firi,^ xa* nmpSip 
7igayfidtfov^d)toi^;ica} tvfplwv^fig fifiiv iativ, o&iv 
(^&g 'dfpfiv) ovx tati ^avftaai^, il itgato\)aa tSfv 
fMfl%it^livtw, ^9ig>9Xafipdvitnolikd'^m fAridiftia yt- ^ 
yov6t(ov' tavta' ydg avjfl 'jmlXovngoar^rtH, Hot 
toiftotg avfina&riq iatf xot* ydg impdXUtat xal 
ngoti&nat ngdg td ftilXovtafXalnagtoxrjf/ivtaVital 
tiXog ix^vtmv dmiXXaittatinhqv^o^ ftvvifAovihiiir, 

XL. Tdxitriv ovv ^x^voat-i^v dvvafitv tpvxal 
a{ffMq>vtov fiiv xal dftvdgdv nal Sva<pdvtaatov, c/ico^ 
iiav&ovat TioXXdxtg xa»- dvaXafi§dvovatv IV tz ioi^ 
ivvnviotg ml nsgl tdg -nXndgsvtat, rta&agofi ytvo^ 
aivov ToD ow/iaTO^/^ Tcya x^ofo^i^ oimiav nghgibv* 
to Xaptfidvovtog , ^ t6 h)ytattk6v xo) <pgovttattii6v 
dvisa&at xal dnoXlfsa&at t&v nag6vtoiv; dX6y(a xdl 
(pavtaaiaattH^ Toi) fjiiXXovtog intatg%(pofdvag, oi 
ydg, vg EvgutiSvfg (prial, fidvttg dgtatog; Sattg <t- 
xccCei naXGg, dX^- ovtog4fJt6(pg(ov piiv dvrjg xal t^ 
•'oBy ^on* trjg yw;|f5tf nal^ fjtst HH^Tog rjyovfiivf^ 



DE DEFECTV ORAOyLORUM. JS7 

jco^* ^op indftivag, ti ^ipavnx&f,- wgnsg ypuft^ 
(iatHov ^Sygu^v^ nal uloyov «oi adqimw- il er^ 
TOV, dtKti*y Mfpvivtoim&v 7tw&&v x«» 9r|^ceia^^(- 
0fee»y> «(rvAAo/^<rTa»$ amftm im ftmovto^, oiav ^^ 
(jt^4A»Xima tev n»g4v<tos- iiiaTatm di nfdoiinal 
d^a^tGH^ov <mfiatci, 4v fmafl^f} ytv6ft§vov, ' Sp 
iv^ov0iaafi6v uixiov(isv. uutd ptiv ovv iS aiftov «id 
9&fia toiavtfp^ noXXdxigtaxsi dui&eatv" rj da- ftj 
npXXav fikv aXkmy ^vvmfimv Ttnydg dvlijaiv dv&^it^ 
noigty td^fih, dnatattxdg nal voaioiktg xaiV^ayotij- 
(fdgovg, tdg di^ XQ^^^^^S xai ngoarivstg ital &q>(Xl* 
(Uo^g, 4tg ^^Xat jfivovtai ntiga ni^gtvytsdvovaiv. t^ 
Si ftaVtikov gtMfia ua\ nv^vfM &tt6tax6v iati y.ak 
Samtatopfi. av ts uaiS^ havtb dr dig(ig,^^v ts jucd^ 
vy^v^ vdfiatog-dt^lqijtai * ttatafiiyvlfitvov ydg 
ff^T^ a&fta, ufaaiv 4finoiu taXg ipvxalg dij^&fi ical 
Stonov tfgt^v idtdtrfta x»Xm^v sinsiv^affmg,* u^ 
ntdaat ^ noXXaxSig-o Xoyog^idtiait ^igfi&Tfjtt pitQ 
nal diaxvast ndgovg tivas dvbiyaiv tpavtaattxovg 
tov fiiXXovtog , elxog iattvy wg olvog dva&vfna-S^slg 
st€^a noXXa xivrifjtaja ttal X6yovg dnoTmfiivovg xal 
Xav&dvovtag dnoxaXvntBt. io yag paxx^iqtfAOV 
xal th fiavt&d%g navtBVttxyiV 9TpiUf}y %x^t, xott iT^- 
ftmdfiv, otav ivdtgftog rf ipvx^ yBVOfi&%7tal Ttvgta^ 
dfig dn^rjtat trjv tvXd§uav, »Jr rj &vfit^ ffg6v^atg 
indyovaa no}Mxtg dnoatfitpit xal xataaffivvva^ 
tdv iv&ovataati6v, 

XLL jifia d^ av ttg ovx dX6y(og nal l^^rijt» 
^alri fifta t^g &tgft6ttitog iyytvofUviiv , XwtvlfHV 



ff^S^portfiv;^t)r iiei&^**Ji^knfor, vygdtng^^l^i*^^ 

^y;i{kii tiyl sra» nvffMSfoc»^ to4; 9tirtifunog,6Se9^^mqig 

V-iOfjtoifir&vtt i^g iffV;ASf ^i* ctdifmr^y iaw^ xc^ fnjy 
j&^ xadakt^ fittyoy ortnt xal noli^to^ tdy^x^ 
iidy iyt&xn9Q afM ftiiy BOipiyifi moI iiunmmfWKv,ifi^ 
iiH Je lafirtQd-n^foy thiiihiifi ttat, xa&tt^Hut9Q09 *>* oAr 
ioi^ oiSiy inixu tijp fMtynKfjy mfa&vfmnatyxoi^t^y 
iu talg tpvxaisxal, avyftyig txovaayf ooHMn^vy 
'hx fifxva nal.avyixsty iyagftdttovamv^mHi^^ymi^ ^k^ 
TiOigdnsta.Mal nq6a^oqa^ ua&iimQ t^ficK-no^^-» 
Qas S' xhfjtftoc, trjg M xdxxov vdi W?^r JoM^viTy 
jS^go^y uytty fifftt/ftiyoy, fiiaa^d» ^riaviK^^ ic^jupi; 
mtxiafjthy$xaty &;^MftmdoxiSfg 8t^x««'fFe^^^ittfv 
Khbyov xat x^g Uqo^ tov jkt6Xh»yog i» fT^o^^^^^vt' 
Xaigug, » ^Ub Jfift^^qttf ao^ A«^oi9o$ ^jatoit^jioy, 
6g 6 Kvbyog ftakXoy itatatmi^ ^M^^y^^^lma^, 
att» ^d6fgiilko'tiiv ftdxatfe^i •^JxM^gn ima&mmQ 
i^ '4)Xvfini^ tT^ ^ti^ay ^nffogiMttOijQtj^^fiotftu 
'liiu^imqtntfyvitovaim 6i ToS;'ujlA4»efoi»invfa;p6W?srv- 
S(OQ, iTig<if M mtgdifitvoi notafuS^^.vwkyhBoyomwtft 
""mfaytmh oidk ttoXkijamilnfmytifQiby. . 1 1 i J X 
"-'^' ^XLlh Od ^^fjtmatimhhfpelmoXl^ 
'^ii^-^ftdtalitiSlHitHig^^ w9m,ft4ttfi^mmg^^ifi^Jy 



DE DEFECTV. OBACVLORVM. 4^ 

ifHpmv^jfivis&at nfmjov.lejQ^vifiv-^ vafi4f»i^m}{if 
'^faisaSvvog xuza. fVxi^ifttSja q>fOMa9 dva^i^avjcgj^ 
SpvoMttg, tivxd piv ngCitov oV na^ysp^fi^^^t 
i€cni^^vovv, vaugov da ^tvo(Utf»v, fav 7$gQu?tt.f^ 
\av&g(anag^ i&avfiaoav, ol da loyiMawi ^i^iff^ff 
«a» tovvof^a tov dv&g-atTtov dutiAVfi(iov$vovxtg.K^'' 
g^tav Xiyovaiv». iftol Ji doxil fjtdUata ^oMVti^ • 
ngog to (tavTiitdv, nv^fia lafifioafHV avyxgmuv ^tVT 
X^ xo» aviinr/iiv, o%av_ ngdg ti <pmg { oipig diiotpna- 
&sg ytvd^svov oify&alfiov ts yag.txovtog t^ogOf 
ttx^v difVafiiVf ovdlv dvtv q>ut6g 'igyov iatlv .^v 
^g t£ Td fiavTix&v oignsQ opfta dsitai t6*> av.i[t^r 
nwjfog^/oixilpv.xal avvam&^yovtiog, o&sv oi f^ 
noXlol t(av ngoyivtatiigtav rva xaltdv avt^ ^/9i)k- 
TO &ji6v*An6XX(ava xal tiXtov' oi $s t^v »aX^v itpl 
'^aoip^v intatdfitvot xal ttfjmvttg dvaXoylav, Sn^Q 
aSifia nqog ipvx^v, Syjtg ds nQ6g,vovv, tpSg di Tt^ty^ 
dXfi&itdv iatt, tovto t^v iiXiov dhvapiiv «IxaSoy tX" 
vat ngog trjvldn6XXtiivog tpyaiv , htyovov ixsivtcv xol 
toxov. ovtog dtt ^iv6pttvov,dsl tcvtov dnofpaivovt^g» 
iSditltt ydq xat nqodyttat xalavvsSogfA^ ''^^ oiff^ti* 
^tmgtitvogaaiu^y' &if»afiiv ovjog , «g tijg yfv;^^' rf' 
ftavttxiivi ixtlvog»^ . t'. ■ 

XLIII. 01 ftdvtot So^ASovtsg^ ^a Jto) tov avi^v , 
&i6v alvatf ttitdTaiglinoXXuvt xal yfi. xotvjS^MviBa* 
aav t6 xQ^notriqtov, oUfAsvot tiiv didi^tatv ^ai xgSilliv ' 
ifinotaiv tj y^ .t6v riXt.ov» wp n^ ixtpigsa^attttgiJijar' 



iigo rLVTARCHI 

nitotg ai^ad-VfUdiUig. autrjit luv ovvTrfy /iiv Sgnsg 
^fiftf/o^;, himv if^adf^y /Sikjiav diavorjd-tlg, ndv^ 
^w ^dog Saq)€tlsg nqogumv, ov^taiig jtal ^fiiig xdl 
^dtQV ml afp&qQ^av i/ofxl^ofiev ' rotv $i nsgl avj^ 
ivvdftsm nfj'fuv ixXtltfJug, nt} dt yiVbastg, d^axov 
^ fiitaatdatig ittu-fJUTa^oidg' alXax^&iv uii6g igi 
aVfkfiaivHVj nLoi hvkXhv iv a9ttj tdg Toutvtag iv tt} 
X^vfA navtl hoXXdjHg mgidSovg,. mg ian Ttitfiaiqi'» 
'Od^ai toSg (jpaivofUvoig. XtfMv&v t6 y^q yeyovaai xai 
novafjt&v, ,ztt dinXsiovtg vafidTiav ^t^fjtwvj; onoy 
fUv ixXeiif}ug nal (p&ogal navtdnaoiv, onov ^ olov 
defiQd^iattg jcal -xatadifa9*g * Hta ndXiv iuH dtd 
Z(f6v6v inupaiv&fiiva to%q avtolg, iq nXv^alov vnoq" 
^iovta * nal fJtstdXXtav Vdfuv i^afjtatfgdiaeig ysyovi^ 
vds «aivdg, »g^tmvniQl tifv^Atttxiiv dqyvqtioiv,xal 
'vjg iv^ Evfioi^ XaXidtido^, i^ tjg iiirjfitovg/uto rd 
tffvxqrjlata tmv l^tqtwv, ofgAlaxvXog ei^x« » 
' Aa^a» ydg -uvT^&awsaif Ev^o'i%6v^ ^tpog * 
t^Vk' Iv Kaqvati^ nitqag^ fj XQ^^9 ^^ noXvg, tt(p 
ov ninavtai fjtiiQiffiafsai Xidtav*- fJtaXaHdvijfjtattadil 
(fwswpsQovaa. < »al yfiq &/Kc!>y< ioiqaitivat Ttva^ oio' 
fun^x^tqdfjiaiitQa att^ dintva «al''xsxQV(pdXovg ixsh 
x^sv, ovtk mQm(fOfiiivovg,.dX£ oa av ^vnotv^^ ^^o>* ^ 
ftimv, in^aiAvtsg sif-(pX4ya,r ,Xafjt7SQd xal dia(pavii • 
xoftifidvtai 1 yvv dl^(pdvtatat^ xal fidXtg otoy Jvsg, 
^ 4^9g' dQatoii diktqixovaiv iv tolig fjtstdXXots. 

XLiy*^ Kitl ndvtnnf ^^VTaiy oi nsgl -AQiaTOt^i^ 
Xvjp^^fjfito-VQy^v^iif^tff^fl tij^ dva^vfdfitdiv dnofpoU- 
9Qis0tPp .p xayavvm^iTnt* ital avfifu^ifnaa&ai. 



DE DEIFECTV ORACVLOKVM. ig^i 

Mtu . avp6^€ty^»lv ndlir tag ^towvjag giiaiis &y,a^ 
'tia16y iati. taijd d^ ^tql jMivuHwif Tvc^ifidie^f 
9MVOTjtiov,.&g ovxJx^*^^ ottdtov oids dy^f^&f ?^y 
^hvaijtWy dl3i*.vnaitH(iiv9iv fiftafioXatg, xalyd^ of^ 
Pgovg vmg^ttlXoptag .ilx6g iati xataa^svvvj/ai xal 
xsQavviajf ifinsa6ytciv diOKpoqtiad-ai^ yLwUatf» ditJi^ 
yl^g vit6 adlovxtvdvfiivrig nal Xafjt^avovdiig VaAfHkJd^ 
%at aifyxvatv, iv fiddsi fis&iataa&aitdg dva^Vfiud-; 
esug, t\ twpXo^adattonttQdjiav, Sgnsg ivtavda g^a- . 
ift naQafiivsiv td nsQl. t&i^ fiiyav astafidv,. , og xai 
't^v, n6Xiv dvitgtipSiV» iv J* 'Ogxofisv^ Xiyovat Xoi^, 
fio% .ysvofiivov .nolXovg fiiv dv&Qfojuav diaq)^aQ^r 
ivaif t& Si .tov iTstQsaloV ^QijaTfiQtov ixXtmXv navr 
tanaattXaiifiixQt tov^iyvv dgy^ Siafiivstvxal avav" 
dov. sl dsxal tolg .nsQl KtXixlaiv ofiota avfi^iprix$, 
na&stv , wgdxbvofip^^ gvdsig Sv rifttv, fc JfifAritois, 
Qov q>Qdasts aa^iatsQOVt^ ^ 

XhV,'Kal.6 ^r^^^tQtog^ OSx olSa eyfoys tdds 
ypy. dnodrifui 'yuQ (j&g.tatsyndfinoXvv rjdij XQ^^^^' 
ci^ d*. ijxfiix^sv djJLOV naQ^vJtog xal tb! Mdipov xal 
j^^li(piX6xQV fitavtslov, sx^. ^* ilntiv tw MdipoM, 
n€tQ(iy£v6fjtsvog ngayfia ^avfjiaaul>tatav,6 yuQ riys* 
l»&v ^^[KtXtxlag .aviog' fjtiv. df*<pi$6iog euv stt nQogi^ 
td' ^A$t, di da^ivstav -dntatlag ptfjtat : taXXa yng ^ 
ipi l^ai9fg xahq>avXog •. F^wv di nsgl avtdv .^'?F#r , 
xoVQsio'vg\ttvdgjtrlvxaXrjvS^,\&g'.avtol Uyovq^t, 
(^aioXpylaif ivii^Qiiovtag totg totovtotg , sufinffi^ 
iltsvdiiiltWiQov,'0%ovtignoXifAi(oy xataqxonoxjv^^^ 
anivdaa$,.sxoyta xaisaq>g(x/tafjiivf^v iiXtov^ iv j^to^ 



192 PLVtAilCHI 

i^ttlpta l)tf iyy$yQafifuvov, ovSsvds HKiog, ipvv* 
^vaag ovv 6 av&qtanog (^qiuq s^og i0il) t&T a^xaT» 
9ta) uatttHoifiri&alg dkriyyBiXs fis&* ^i^av ivvnvi^ir 
toMVToy, avd^^ianov e^oSsi' ovr^ *al<^v ikiafdvzm 
q^&ay^aa&a^ roaovtov Mslava, Mal JiUoy ov&iv, 
ttU' fv&vg otx^a&ar toiTO rifiXv fdv UTonov i^dvq 
TtaXnokli^v dnoqiav nagia^sv 3 5* ^ysiAwv ijiuvo 
i^ej^dyij ital TrgoQSxvvfiasv, "ual rriv ^sXtov avoi^ag, 
insdslHvvtv iqmrifia TOkOViov yfyqajifjLsvov • /7orf« 
q6v aoit ksvrtov, ^ fisiava &vaw Torv^oy; Sgxs ^dl 
Toifg ^mnovQilovg' (kaTqan^vat, Mqxstvor avidw 
Tijy Tc &vaiav imuXitv, xal aipia^at Sid tiXovg 
Tbv M6iftov. 

XLVL *0 fdv ovv Arifi^TQtog tc^T ilnMf, iasA" 
rtnatv* iyoi ds fiovXdfisvog Sgnsq ts xsadXatojf ini^ 
^sls^at t^ X6yij^ ngdg tbv ^Xinnov av&§g aniflXs" 
yia xai t6v *Afifiwtov, Sfiov xa&tjfiivovg, l3o|ay 
ovv fiot povXia&di tt dtaXsx&^vai, xalndXtv ini» 
axov, 6 d* Ufifimtog' ^j^m fMV (Sqp^) Htal (Mtn" 
rtog, 01 Aafinqla, ns(flto}V slmjfiivtAv sinslv. otktm 
ydq, bjgnsQ ol noXXol, xal avtdg, ovx Btsqov slvas 
tdv ^An6XXmva d-sdv, dXXd t^ r^Xit^ t6^ c^tdv, { d* 
ifi^ ftslSfav dnoqia xalnsqi fui^6v^v, Sqti ydq ov» 
oW Sn(iig t^ X6y^i naqsxs^aafinv ix t&v &s&v vqf^ 
fiavTix^v ig dotifiovag aTsxvwg dnodtonoiinoiffisvos. 
vvvl di fio$ daxoZfisv^dvTovg ndXtv iiitivovg'^»3iTp 
*at dnsXavvstv iv&iv5s To^^jjf^^tfj^^ot; xai tolff t^«^ 
9sodog,, slgnvjsvfiata xal dtfiovg xal dva&Vfitdastg 
tr^v ti^g fiavtixrjg a^vP, ^iSiXXov di thvoidlav ai^ 



Tifu^t T^y Kvfifiimu XH^S^*^^ JE&^uddiit'* ; ;^ 

. T«t|ovaaL 3r«W, t^H^ «mx^* |5oTd. ^ ' '^^' 
^nlriv fHijtyos f^v ov 9^<Ei ^jyr»!' ^oi^, dX^ fiort^ 
*M'^ /u|/«ajm |^a«^^^ dmft6pm-^^fmg de «tf^^^^- 

OT^fo^f, pi^iyafAW fHPi».Uwtuk ftstrm^iir «ti^- 
«f^^li^^W^» 4^^ x«yovtfa va&tijy, oil^o; t/ir l|r» 
V^ai; ^ nvtifKixog; aX ds t&y Ugiihiiy iimaiftdd^ 
T*^ov|,gyrai>.a^«* to^ /iij i9F/atoTfvctr,:El ^^ tA fe^Tdy 

pfi^^pift^mm^f^S^tvot/ ; oi p^ ^ial ird diai^ 
qp^;i^ x4^i^v»iDSsir(f |y TflK «ilieM^ ^o4c^g,aKX& 
nffi* /|!c7,^|^^^4 TdrcraSAor ^jiio^ xo^ TdrnHfSt- 

iwg-io?Tft^i8Tft«,.Ti^iryTMW o^ tfVi^Vx^^oetiiJtBf, 

/tf^i^ alflffif^t^ nMffttpf <09«rri^mfri At6i itrYt 
Tjp^rqf 9o^;^,x(4.»^^^v! w^'^ #^^8;f*«r; o^;if-^ 

Pi.^T,MoR.nr. K 



,194 * PttrXARCHf 

inf^ Sp Jilb^ lifv&t itfiSiiw iftmdSvta t^; n^ql 
tov tinoif ^WHfKw; «ttir&ri<rtv naQaaxHv, ov^ir 
(o^aM^ diicpf^ WSy aXkwf atn6Xwv xal poifiivav - 
tt y% dt) xevto fi^ fiX*96g itm, foidi nXaafia %tvhv^ 
ng iym/M tiyovfuu* Mol JiojrtC^fi^vog, nriUxiov a/o- 
SStv Tovil To ftmritlop 'atrtov yiyovt roXg^EVifiatv 
.hf XB nbUfioig muI utiatai nSUm, tv re Xotfiotg xal 
9tm(fn&v utpoqiatg, Sm^v riyotfim ft^ dt^ xaTnQo» 
.9^TivMVQtat9f avtot xal dgx^v, ulXa T^t xoctti 
%iW nmiaitOfiATm avari^Ba&at, Hqh^ Srj ravt, 
{Bhuv) tav Aafinqiav fioblofiat dialtxOijvai' m^^ 
fiit^otg Si; nivv f»h ovv (6 ^tXtnnog tq>fi) ital 
ndvttc oVToi * mhnag yiig ^fiSg 6 Xdyog xex/^fjKfi. 

XLVIL Kdyu n^g aMv • ^JSfii 8' (eln^v) oi 
ntxivfjMn, m ^iXgnnB, fidvov, ^ln Jtal avyxixvxBv, 
91 i» toaoifwotg xoi ^viidxovtotg ovatv Ifjuv, Soxw 
tmff tiliMim» t^ ni&avw to^ Xdyov xdXXtomZ^fisvog, 
mHH^vtt xai xtfnTv t&v dXAj&&g xal &tiwg tisqI 
ToS( ^uev rBvofuoftivmv. anoXoyriaoftat Se, fiOQTV' 
'gtt xal aifvdtxoy &f$ov Hkihatva nagiatdfifvOg, ixeim 
9og yoQ dv^ jivafaydQbiv fih ifsifitpato rdv na^ 
Xatdv, Stt taig ipvatxaXg dyav' ivdtdvftivog dltlatc, 
4tal td uat dvdyurfv t<Hg rSv cwfidtwv dnottXoi^ 
'ft$rpv ni&tat fttTiw dti xal Sidnttav » td 6v Tvtxa 
xal'bq>* ^p ptXtiovag altiag ovaag Xal dqzdg, dtp^» 
X9V aitSg Si rtQmtog ^ ftdXiata tdv iptlioa^iftav 
dft^tBQisg iu^SjiJ^B, t^ fiiv &t^ i^ «C^^i^ dnoSt» 
S^^tmvxatd kdyov ixSrKm¥, ovx dnooTtqmp Hi 



DE DEPECTV ORaCVLORVAL 195 

Tijr SXiiv tw» irvptamv ngdg to yivi^mwp ahitav^ 

Skln avvo^&v, ot» t^lU ni^ xal to nav mta^fjfi^v 

diaxfxoofiijfiivQV, ov xt^&itQov di oif dniyi^ iativ, 

dXXti tri^ vltiq avfinl.ixofdv%i t(f l4fin la(4fiiivuujv 

yivtaiv, S^u di n^nov inl t&v tix^iWv ' joiov rv- 

S^vg 1} TnQtflofitag ivruv&a tov MQctt^^g l^d^cc ^ul 

fidais, ?jv 'tfi^i^oiog vnonq^tt^qUkov mdfiaafv, ai" 

tiag lih ix^vtog vhmc, nvQ xef« aidtigov, val ftd^ 

Xithv dux nvg6s, iutl vSatog liwpi]v, njv &v$v ytvi" 

ai^ah t6 iqyov oiSffiia fitixotri* TrfV Si xvguatigav 

affxi^ xai tavta xivovaav, xai dtfi toiftfitv ive^' 

yovaav, ^ tixvii xai X6yog i^ tQyt^ nagiaxf» »«• 

fijv t&v ys jiifiiifidTfi9f toiftfiiv val ud4ih>v.6 noui' 

Tijj xrt* dfifiiovgy&g imyiygantai • 

. rQaifft JUolvyvfiitog^ Odgiog yivog, Uyluo^Mfiog 

Tiog n(Q&ofiivav*IXiov dxffdnohv 

wg ogdtoi yqd^fag* Sv9V ^ g>agfnh»v aifvtfftfiiv 

tmv xal avfiq>^aQivtfi>v dXX^Xoig, ovHv %v oiov Tf 

toiavttiv did&eatv Xafiuv uai oiftiv. ag ovv 4 fiov- 

lo^ivog dnxza&oLi t^g iiXiXTJf ^9Z^S> Hn^ ^^ *fl^ 

diSdaxtav td na&tifiata xal tdg futafioXdg, ag ^XW 

fiiX^uaa OivfiinU ^Wh ^<^^ fiiXav^ finXugg, dqiatgtlr' 

tat tijv tqv Uolvyvmov ^av^ 6 Si %oX> atOrigov 

t^v atdfiwjiv im^idiv, xalttjv fiiiXaSiv, ou tC fiiv 

nv^ X^Xaa&stg iviidmi m* vmiiitn tolg 4Xaitvova^ 

W nXiittovaiv, ^niawv $s ndliv itg vdfiiQ dxgofir 

(Bpvh;, xul Tj5 }ffVXj(i6t7iti dtd t^v ind nvQdg iyytvo* 

liiviiv dnaX6tfit€t Xttlfiav6t^ta,mXffOttg »tu nata- 

nvxm^lg, movlav la^ii nalnnhy» n^^OffviQog 



1^5 PLVTARCKr 

aidriifov n^togilnsw, ^xT6r firta itz^itri Tjj^^lr^v 
cdtlar t^ff tov ig/ov jrtriaiog; i/mfiiv ovx oiofiau 
uai yoig T&v lanQtxSv dvrdftmp tviot ttig noi6t^^ 
Tsc iUyx^vai, T^i^.d' («T^fx^v ovx araiqovaiv, »^ 
9rf^ fffufiUt %al nldtiov ogar giir tifiag r^ mQi rdr 
6<p&aXfwy avyji avymQttwvVfiirij ngog t6 tov ^ltov 
qtwg, dxovur ds tfi nXfiy^ tov ueqoc dTtoq^airofH" 
rog, ovK dvffQtt t6 jutTd X6yor xal ntforotar .ogaTt' 
xovg, Xffl dxovauxovg ytyorirat. 

HWUl. Ka^6Xov yaQ , &?<prtfii, Svo ndatjg 
yiriasoig aitiag ixovarjg, ol ftir a<jf>69Qa na)Axtol 
•d-BoX^yot xal notritai tp XQtltToft fi6rff t6r rovr 
nQogizttr BUorto, tovto d^ t6 xoiror innp&tyyofiB» 
rot naat nQdyfiaat* 

Zkvg OQX^f Ztvg ftiaaa, /ft6g 8* ix ndrra ««iof- 
rai • 
Toig 8* dvayxaiatg xal (pvatxotTg ovx BTt nQogtjeaav 
aitiaig. ol di remeQOt tovttor xoi q>vaix6l nQoga' 
yoQbv6ft8Vot TOvvavTlor ixsiroig T^g xaXijg xal&eiag 
dTtonXavti&ivTeg dQx^g, iraoifiaat xat nd&sat croi- 
fidtm, nXfiyalg ta xai fiStafioXalg xat XQdatat t^ 
^SVTttt t6 aitfinar. S&sr dfi(poTiQOtg 6 X6yog ivSsrig 
Tou nQog^xovT6g ian, toTc fiir t6 dt 6v xai vq>* ov, 
TOt; Ss t6 ^ tar xat 8t tov tiyvoovatr, rj naQaXti-^ 
novatv. 6 8s nQcitog ixtpavwg a^dfitvog dfitpoXr^ 
Xfit Tw xatd X6yor notovvtt xal xtvovvtt nQogXd^ 
fltav dvayxaitog t6 vnoxsifitvor xal ntiaxov, dno* 
Xietat xal vnsQ rifioiv niiaar vno^iar xal SiapoXriv., 
ov ydQ d&ior notovfisr ov^ aXoyor 't^r fiarTixrir, 



DE DEI?ECTU ORAqVLORUM. 19? 

n^ovaiaojiit^y nvivpa xtxi jiiv nm&vfiiaaiv , olov 
o^yavoy ^ nXijxT^ov aJtodiddyttg * nQmov. fiiv yaq 
^l y^vviiaaaa y^ tag ava^yfiidaug , 6 di nuqav ivr 
didoifs xgAatafg t^ yfj xal fjtsTulSoX^g dvvafiiy ilXiqg^ 
rd^narigoiv ^tog iartv ^fuy ,Bmiia daiiiovag 
iTtiotaxag xrn mqmoXovg xal q>vXaxag , Otiov, tf^/tio-. 
viag, Tfjg xfftiGBfog javjfig , rd fjav dviivjag iv xa^. 
q^, w 6* inijsivovtag , xal rd uyav ixajatixdv av- 
jijg xal Jagaxtixov dq>aiQOvyjag,^ j6 di xivrijixdv 
dkifnoig xal u^SXajiMg joig xq^l^ivotg xajafnyvvvrag 
dTtqXiinovifg, ovdiv SXoyov noitiv ovd* ddvrajop 

Oo^fifV, 

XLIX. Ovdi yz ngo^vdfiBvoi xa} xaraajiq>ov* 
xtg ItQsla xott xajaaniydovjtg, ivavjia to" Xoy^ toV" ' 
Ttt» nguijofuv, oi yaq Uqtlg xal Satoi Ovsiv q)aal 
jd Uqtiov xal xajaanbvdaiv xal t^v xivmaiv avtov, 
xa\ jdv jqofiov dnodttaqslv, higov TAyd^ tov^' {- 
fitv, ri jov ^ffuattifiiv j6v ^tdv XafM^yovjig. dil 
yuQiji ^vaifAOv tw t8 aoifAati xal tp yfvxp xa&U' 
q6v tlvai xal dohvig xal ddidif^OQov, fiiivvrqa fiiv 
ovv nfQl t6 awfia xajidtlv, ov ndvv xoiXtnov iaJi' 
t^v 6i iffvxriv doxtfidiopat, toXg fiiy taifQOig uXg>trn, 
Joig di xdnQOtg iQtfiiv&ovg naQajidivtfg' ro yuQ 
fiff ywadfitvov , vyiaivfiv ovxoXoviai' tnv d^ alya 
ditXiyxisi^ jo iftvxQOv vdag, ov ydq ttvai \ffvxng ««fa 
ipvaiv ixoiiafjg r6 nQ6g r^v xajdamiaiv dna&ig tal, 
dxivf^JW. «/« di^ x^v n ffifiaiQV, on atifitUv iajk 
jov ^tfAiOJWiv j6 atiaaa&ai xal tov fi^ ^ffuajnif" 



|9ff PLVTARCHI 

it¥ toivnvtiav, ovx 6^ %l ffVfificthn Svaz^Qig ii^ 
avtov tot^ tl^uivoii. n&am yag dvvafjttg i itiq>ifX9 
abv xai^ fiikttov 9/ ;if8l^ov djtodidmtst. rov M xort* 
^otf dtaipzifyoptog %uSg,* atJitBia dtd4vai top ihdp d*- 
«^C iifttif. , 

L. OXofiat fisv ovv ffijte trjv avadvfiiaaiv &iTab* 
tt»g txHV utl dux Ttavtd?, dvioitg di ttvag ttfzup nal 
ittiktpaipodQ6tritag. ^ di ttxfttiQia XQ^f^**^* ftd^tv^ 
^g $x^ ^f*^ iivovg nolkoifg xal tohg ^gami)wtai 
fo Uq6v ujtavtag. Syagolxog, iv ta t&ig xQtofiivovg 
tw &sbi xa&tiovatv, oStB nolXaxtg ovta tttayfiivttg, 
dk)L mg UvxB dtit /^roji^ BV^iag dvaniftnkatfu «oi 
nvfvfiatog, oiiag av ta ijdtga xal nolvttlifata tffm 
pvgav dnoifOQag, wgntQ ix ntjy^g tovddvtov ngog-' 
fidhXovtog. i^av&tlv yaQ tlx^g vn6 dtQfiottjtog, if 
ttrog alh/ig iyyivofiivriq 6wdfimg. tl Hi to3uto /kj^ 
doxiX ntdavov, alld yB t^v Uv&iar aih^v iv na&t^ 
a% xa\ diafOQdtig uXXot6 aXXatg ixtlvo t6 fiiqog t^^ 
^vxrii XaX^v, i nXfiatditt th nvtXffta, xal fi^ fUai^ 
d^l XQmtv, SifntQ uQfi^viaif dptttdfioXov iv navt\ 
MatQw duxipvXdttuv, ifioXoy^ifitt. noXM fiiv yoQ 
ixia^ofiivijg, nktlovtg ds adtiXot, t4 ts (j&fiu uata^ 
hftfifidvovift nal t^v tffvxijiv vno^iova* ivaxiQtwt 
xal xtiffiatig* w dn^ipmXiafiivTfv ov« Sfittvov ixtl 
fittdiCttv, oidi noQixrtv kavttip tw ^t^ fn^ nmvtmnm*' 
«I Mr^ffjy oltrmv, &amQ Bfjfavtnf i^tvfidvw, xal 
ii^g*d!XX* ifum^^ miA dxatdamtov. o^ft /tiiQ 4 
th%g Aaa^wg^dtl t6v fst^a^sxhv, mt^4mvlhi 
thv iv^wnmfwxdv 4fnhtg imti^^mVf «ilU »^ir 



D£ jyESECTV ORAGVLORTM. i9$ 

fijr ^ttan ol aitok, V9;p de n&Uw iufianx^prtf^ 
at«i* SMmgoufOVGh "^git^wtws h ai-niQ iU^ag fW>f 
fur^g,' fMiOta iSs j& (parmatiMdjif coiits t^ fvz^ 
wt6 tou amfuneg uXloHyofitwov n^tiiffdai, ttoH 
avfifutttpdlXtiP * «g 9rjX6y iatif ano tSnt onigm, 
muMi /tiiif yjt^ ir noHaXc yw6(u^ xotc imyto^anai^ 
^tyjta^f^ oiffWi, nota d* av ndktv n&aa ylrpta$ ym* 
it}v9 ^l f^avxia t&P totolftdav, nai KXiwa fi^ fa.~ 
iuv.avtoi Twv <« jiavlUttg Tovfoy ^^ noliloV mot? 
oi? fiMffimM q>danorra fnidiv idt%p ndmom ipvftmop. 
uig ie nqtaflvtiQeiiP tavto tovto Xiynai m^ Bga* 
ajoii^dotf^,tov'HQaiiiaf^ aitia ^ 'i] ^^Satg xov oi^ 
fnato^ wantif av ndhp ^ twi^ fitXa/xoXtic&p noXv&» 
vmifog^ita* noXvqidptaatog^ u nai doatXt^ $i^v6pH» 
^p aitois vndifxstp'. i^ aXXa ydq allot$ t^ ^ap^ 
taaux^ht^n6fitP0t, na^dxn^ o! noXXd pdXXovng, 
imtvy)idyova$ noXXdmg^ 

LL **Otav ovp i^iioatwg ^ ngdg t^r tov npd' 
fipttog,. mantQ tj^OQfidxov, stqaotp i) ifUPtaatsni Ttat 
fiaptiM^ ^ifpa^ig, iv tol^ nQOtfKrjrtifOvatP dpdjrn^ yi- 
vMa&m t6p iv^vaiaafi6p* otar ft^ ovttK> ^4 X^' 
y^fif&ai^ .$ yivta&m na^dipoqo^ mI ovu aMi^qv 
xai taffttifttndv , cSom^ fafnr inl t% tvayxos, «t^o- 
^avovitiig nvStiddeg. ^eojtg6n»p yd^ dno UvH^ 
niUQayMvofiivtiv , liytiat tdg n^tag xataintihstg 
&Upiftov v^wfttTvm xtttt dna^ig toie^iOP" vne^ 
SaXXoftipwf di yiioif^ t&r U^mml n^Xtn»-' 
f^vptw, fiiXtg ^noftji^v ytpifiopop ral nataffiaf 
v&ip,ipdovrm, ti o& ovvijfii m^ Tiji^ IJv^iMai 



200 PLVTARCHI 

xarfi^ fU^ ^ -U fumtBfop ( «S; 9000»«) . Atovm »a| 

iiy nstjaipaviig xfi t^o/vz^t^ t^; ^oiyl;; ovk arof^ 
^ayaa, d/jci^i^ yMjg inuyofuvm, dldkov »al «eaeoB 
nvBhfitttog ovaa nXiigiig' tiXog ds-TMyrAfnotP ^* 
wgo^&tlaa nai futa ngavy^g <poflegag iftgoftipfi 
ng6g jijv tiodov, ^iktpsv iavT^^v fiats <pvyup f$ti 
fHvop %ovg ^songdnovg , dlld nal t&v ngoq^^vijv 
Ninavdgov, nal tovg nagdvtag tuv Saiiav, dveilov» 
To fuvtot futa fungdv avrriv sUfsX&dvng tn<pQOV€h 
nal dupimaiv oXiyag ^fugag. tovtw ^vena , nal 
avvovaiag ayvdv t^ a&fia nal tbv fiiov oXofg dvtnim 
fttntoy dXXodanaig SfMiXiaig nal d&intov qtvXdttw» 
ai.tijg nv&iddog, nal ng^ tov ;iffq9Tif^/oti td 019* 
ffcla Xafifldvovatv , oUfMVo$ t^ &s^ natddtiXov tS- 
vai, n6t8 t^v nq6a<po(fov Ijifoiiaa ngaatv nal dtd&9» 
atv, dfiXafi&g vnofitvsl tdv iv&ovataaft6v, o^tsyd^ 
ndvtag, ovtB tovg aitovg dtl ^diati&fiatv mga^tcK 
^ tov nviiffiatog dvvafttg, dXH vniHnavfia nagiz'^ 
nal dgx^^f ^gntg itgritat , toXg ngbg th na&Miv nal 
fttta^aXtiv outwag sjc^vatv. tatt ds &sia ftev Sviwg 
nd^ datft6viog, ov ft^v dvinXttntog, oid' vl(p&aiftog, 
oid* dy^gtng nal dtoffniig tig tdv anttgov xg6vop* 
v<p ov ndvta ndftvtt, td fuxa^v yijg nal atX^vfjg, 
ndjd TdF ^ftittgov X6yov» tial i* 0? nal td indvta 
qfdanovng oix vnoftivttv, dX£ dnavd&vta ngog t6 
aiiftov xo2 anttqov, oUiatg x^^a&at fttta^olai^ wl 
naXtyytvtaiitig. 

JLIL Tavt ttpipf iym noXXdnig dvaaninttadai 



DE DEt^ECTV ORACVLOpVM- 26I 

MiH (^a; nnfQaxml& ntn} //laVT^i', &i txovTn noXku^ 
dvfiXiyfd^ sai vTtinoktg n(»6i rovpinvrtor, Sg '6 xm» 
goiOuna^X^ nduag tn$ltli&i{V'' Sar% xoti lociTa 
vntgHtia^ta , %tu a ^iltnnog iitano^l ht^l fiUov 
tmUndlkmQg. ^ 



n^OYTAPXOY 

A t J J KT IS ^H AVETH. 



-/,*f^* T?^ a^XTig PovXsv6ft$&a xai dianoQOVfifv, 
tl t^d.aM%6v ia%i to tp^vsiv, 16 dixaionQayftv , ro 
9v ijj,v tha •i^avfid^ofi^v, s* QrjroQo/v fiiv fQ/a xal 
nvptQVffimv Mal oixoddfienv %al ymiQy&v fiVQia hgiv 
ayAitoid* uv^Qtg ovoftiiSovrai xnl ksyoviat fi6vov, 
&g InnoxsvravQoi xai ylyavrtg xal xvxXtanrg, tQyov 
^ afiffitpi^ (Ig aQtifiv xal dxsQawv ovx botiv fVQftv, 
ovdi nd^ovg dxiQUiov vi&og xal ad-ixrov dXk tt 
xai ri xakov 19 ^vaig avr ofidrwg ex<piQtt, rotiro nokf_ 
k^ TeJ dkkorQio^t, xa&dnSQ vktj xaQnog dyQitx xai a- 
xa&uQrof fityvifttyog , i^afiavQOvrat. xpdlUtv fiav- 
^dvovatv dv^Q^not, xal oQXtiax^at, xa\ dpayivm- 
cxiiv yQUfifiara, xal ymQyiiv, xal tnmvuv Sto> 
^UQdat ^avQdyovpt > mQtfldkXta&ai^ olvoxotii^ ^ 



202 PLVTAKXim. 

Mauova^if, otf/pnotHV ruvm avsv %ot fta&tlv o^» 

.(tiovv, dSidaxtov kuI Sloyoy Kalattx^^ ^o* aiid' 

flOCTOV. 

ir. Jl uv&Q(f)7ioi, tI t^v agniv Xiyovtfg a^*^i|- 
xtov tlva^t TTOLOVinfv dvvnaQxtov ; tl ynq ri fidd'^'' 
otg, yivsoig ioTiv, ^ lot' fia&stv xwXvatg^ dvouQfaig^ 
xaiioc ys ( wg (ptjaiv 6 JIXutiov ) did ijjv tov noddg 
nQog trjv Xlqav UfinQlav xal dvaQ/ioatiav ovts d» 
HiXqiOg ddslq)^ nolffiH, ovts q>lhig (plX^ diafpiQStai^ 
ovte n6X€tg 7i6Xsai di dmx^dug ysv6fjitvai,td taxa^ 
ta xaxri dQwai ts xat ndaxovaiv vn dXXi^liav ovdi 
mQi nQoaoidiag txn tig ilnslv aidishv iv n6XH yivo^ 
IJtivriv, noTBQOv TsXyhag dvayKaaTsov ovd* iv pl' 
xift diagiOQnv dvdQog ynl yvvawdg vnsQ XQOXtjg^ y. 
airi^uovog. «AA' ofKog olt av laTd.v, qvts §i,^Xiov^ 
^ XvQuv, 6 firj fia&6)i^ fistaxstQiaaito, xalnsQ slg ov» 
Ssv fisya /iXttfiriaofJisvog , dXX* uldsltai ysviaO-ai xa- 
tayiXaatog * duaOiav y&Q ^JlQdxXsn^g f^fii x^v- 
nTStv ufAStvov olxov ds xal ydfiov xal hoXitsiav. 
xal dQxrfV olstak xaXirtg fkstttxsiQi^sa&au naibo^ 
6\po(payovv\og, 6 Jiqysvng ''«? naidaytay^ x6v$vXov 
sdtaxsv OQ&oig ov tov fiij fiadovtog, dXXd tov ft^ 
didtil^ttvtog, lo ufAnQtv>^a notrfaag, uta JtaQOk/fidog 
(iiv, vj xvXtxog, ovx san xotvwvslv imSs^ioag, «V/t^ 
ftd^ri Ttg svi^vg ix naidav aQ^dfuvo^* ^U.Qi0to^ 
qidvfig' Mt) xixXiZsiv, fir^Ss oipoqtayslv, firi^ Xaysiv 
TM n6y svaXXd^' otxov Ss xal noUiag xal ydfiov^ 
Kttl piov xai uQX^g xoivaviav, dviyxlritoy ivSsx^^as 



YIRTVTEM DOCEBI POSSE. 003 

lot^ avfifpi^ta&ai ; QUgiartnnog dgmii^sU vn<$T«« 
vo^* Jlavtaxov ah aqa cl/ ytlj&adg* OvnLovv^lk^) 
na^n6kXvfU tb ravlop, tXyi naviaxov ufiL tl oSv 
ovM av tXnoig ntm avtdg* JSl ft^ yhonai fMid^H 
S^Xrioptg ar^g^Oif naganoHvTai 6 fita^dg jmp 
Jtaidaytiybf», ngmov yaq ovxoi Xafipikvovttg i* 
yikanxog, oiantg al tlTdaitalg x^Qol t6 eS^fia nkax^ 
fovaivt ovTAi? ^v&fiiiovoi Tolg i'&$aiy , tlg fx^g n 
ng&top dgtt^g na&wtdvteg. nal 6 Aaxm igtitffi*^ 
•^iig, tinagixti naiSay^y^ifp • Td ftakd (t(pfi) totg 
naiclv ridia nowu xal aitol diddaxovoiv oc nai' 
dayoiyoi, tifxwp6tag iv talg 65o7g ntgtnattlv , ivl 
dOMtifkia to tdgixov Sipaa&at, dvol tov IxO^vVf al* 
iov, Ugiag* ovtta xvaad-at, to iiidxtov ovTO)g dva^ 
Ittlitlv, 

iil. Ti ovy ; u kiyiov ktix^vog latgntiiv tlvoi 
nal nagtavvxiag, nktvgixtdog de x«t nvgstov xnl 
ipgtviudog firj tlvat, ti diaifigtt tov kiyovjog, vti 
tStv fiiHgSiv naljtaiStxtav xu^rjxiyt^v ilal diSaaxa- 
Ifla xal k6yoi xal vnodfjxat' twv di fifydhov xal 
tiktitav akoyog tgtflff xal mgintiaoig iattv; &g ydg 
6 kiyiav, dti x&niiv ikavvtiv ftrj fiuSdvta, yfkoiog 
iativ* o^Tiog S fitv tiav ukkiav dnoktiJKav ttxv&v 
fid&ijatv, dgttijg d* dvatgtav, tovvavtiov totxt Totjf 
^xv&atg nouXv, ixtivoi fiiv ydg, Sg ipriotv*Ifg6do' 
tog, ioifg oixitag ixtvipkoZatv , ontag nagafiivtaoiv. 
aCtiHg* oviog 6i tdig dovXatgual {fnfjgittai tixrati, 
ianeg oftfiu tov koyov ivti&tlg, t^g c?^6l^^ dipatgii. 



304 PLVfARCHI 

fiaitotyB 6 atQaTtiy6^^Iq>m^Atfi^ n^gt^v Xaflf^v 
Ktdkiav, igmSnrta xal Myona' Tig elg to^&tviCy 
nt^tatn^Qt ijtnufg , ^Jtliitfig ; Oydtlg {upffj to^tsm^ 
«AJl* d toitoig f^aatp' imtdttw. yiXolog oiv 6 iU- 
ywf, oti to£tKiqiiial OTiiiTiin} nal vd atpsvdavav nal 
ro InntvfDV didantoy iatt, at^atfiyia d« »ai t^ V^ 
tfiyiiv, ^g cTv/s naQuyiyettti. ovxovv ttt /«iloit^Ts» 
fO$ J Id6vtiv T^v. <)p^oyi7(rii^ /ui) di(^<xxTr)y anoq^aivwv, 
^C wrsv, Twy ttAilojy tixv&v ofpslog qvikp, ovt$ owtf^ 
aig iatiy. tl ds tiytfidip avtij , xee* xda/uo$r oi;Ott srai* 
aStv Hal tu^is, tii td xQfiat(iov £»€tatov na&iat^aWj 
avtiita tig diinvav >of^i^, ^aui^fiiviav xal (iffta^fi^ 
xdtav naidotv dattQivaai koI ontijaat ttal oivoxoij' 
aat, <l ft^ ^iti^saig, ftfidi didtaSig «li? v^; tov^ 
&taMVovv%ag. 



n^OYT^PXOY 

HEPt TJI2 

UeiKH2, APETH2. 



JJ:fQv t3c ^t^wjf^ Uyi^ftivrig' ufttric »ai do%oviJfig, 
u iifl fidktata t^g ^(^Qiinatijq diaqiiQSt, tm t6 fiiv 
nd&og vkfiv »^««y, t6v^X6yov eUog, $irtnv w^rf- 
vtttat, tiva ts oiifiav (X^t, nal nwg vij^taa^^ 



. J)E \:iRTVTE MOKALr. ^aj 

aU^Tftov *al tl fittiax*ni'f nots^oy <u$ %d fif^«> 
2^|AcVa n^og t6 fiiktiorf i} jucrJUov^ ng imoTOtoi^ %utl 
X^fievop xal d^x3 fMf^iy Uystai t^g tou uqx,qv^ 
10« difvdfuoig. ou fiii' /a^ duvoitat huI d^j,ii ytr 
yotfh^at^ 9tal ftivttv naptdnaoAV uvh>y wlax^T,OM, 
tSftmt d^Aov Hvai. fiilt^p di PQaxm^:^dniS(faiAilr 
nm td tSip ktigonf, oux latO(^4 ivsita fiuUoP ^tov 
cmtpims^ ytvioBiuid oiniia Hal^tfiai6T€q^,,nQp^ 
9mt&ivtoir ittUvw* 

JL ^UvihifMiog fisv o H ^JS^Tgiag dv^gsi t&v 
f^Twy Tsal t6 nX^&og nal tdg Staq>o^g,tag (4^0? 
oSotig H€u xgoiifdvfignoXloigov4f49i(yi' . ro yd^aii^Q 
awpQoavvT^ %al uvd^Biav nat diitahoaivTip ^iysa^ai, 
xaddmg ^gotov ttal Sv&^(f(anOv. l4Qiotiav di 6 Xlog 
Tji piiv ovaitf fjiiav xa» aviiig «ffT>)v inoiH.ital v- 
yeiavQivdfiaSB- t^ di n^og n.?ri©ff iJtwgpopouj xal 
nXtiovag, ag d ug i&iloi tnM OjpofffK m^v, Xtvxiav 
fiiv dvnhxfifiavofjtiyfiv ^ XivHO^kui^Uu^ , f^tXdvjav 
d?, fitXav&iar, f) ti toiovtov sttijor. nal ynq ^ uqI' 
T^ nomitia fiiv ima%onovaaMal (in npniTia, xixXrj- 
jaKpQ6vjjatg ' intf&Vfjklav fJHOOfiovoa , xal t6 fii- 
iQiov ttal t6 tixaiQOV iv ndoydlg 6Qiiovaa , awpQO- 
avvff Hoivwvtifjiaat dk x«» avfifioXaioig ofiiXovaa 
totxi nQ6ghiQOvg,dn(ai9aivTl* tiaMn^ w fiotx»i'^ 
Qiov tv ftiviativ, SlXots diaXXo duuQU' xal to 
m^ ivtQyunfQl vXag dta^QOUS fut^ tpva^b xd^' 
99V. wixt di xdX Znviav tig^ tovto ^m,vnotffQ§* 



206 PLVTAKCHI 

17^0» o kittnvg , ig&tiipog j^ ^^&ffyfiiv iv jfm 
inovtfnfirioig , ^ntmoabffiv* iv 9s dtaigttio*^, om- 
<PQoavtn}v* iv dt vTro/ivntMC^, uvd^iav, cvTrola* 
yov/ievoi di, «^iovoiv iv toitoi^ t^v imat^fAfji^ 
qtQovriatv VTr^ rov Z^vwog ivofJLda^ut, XgiairTt" 
nog di xatti to notov d^t^v llUu notdtnti avviata- 
a&ai vofjtiimv, t?M&tv lavn^y (lUMtu t6v JIkdt»pa) 
a/Jtiivog d^ttmtoi atfvri&tg, ovdi yvitqtfiov iytiqii^* 
a^ yd^ naqu tof ttvd^Tov M^iav, *al naqu tov 
jtff^ov nga6tiita, nal IkKatooi/vtiv naqd t6v diittfiop, 
ovtmg napu th/v jjfa^cyToi ^jfa^Myrdfi^Ta» ara* ^wtqd 
tov ia&Xov ia&X6tfita, xal naqd Tor ftiyap fuya" 
16viita, nalnaqd tov naX^v naX6tfita, itigastB 
tottt&tag imdefyitfpiag, tvanavtjiial^tg, ivtqan$Xias, 
dgttdg te&ifitvoi , nolX&v xal dt6nm dvofidtmv 
ovdiv (itofiiviiv ifininXfiiti <ptXoao<fiav, 

111. kotviag 8i Snovttg ovtoi t^v dffatiiv to IJ ij/c/fo- 
viTiovtijgyrvjfig^&Balvttva xa} dvvafnv yfynv^ftf'- 
vfiv vjio idyov, fAdiXov 8i X6yov ovaavavt^vifioXo^ 
yo vfihvov xal pi/kttov fOtl dfittdntwtov, vnoti&Bvt$ur 
%al vofiiSovaiv ouk elvai t6 nadfitixdv ual uXoyov 
dtaqfOQii tii^ x&l fpifat^ tffvyijg rov Xoytxov ^oxc- 
XQtfiivov, dXXd t6 avto tijg yfV^^g /it^us (o ^ij ua- 
Xo^oi didvotuv xai '^ysfiovittov) di6Xov t^nofi^ov 
fta\ ftttapdXXov IV t» to7^ nd&iat, nal tajg xatd 
litv *$ dtd&tatv fxnaSoXmg, ttaxiav tk yiv%a&a^ xou 
difitfiv, xul fiiil^iv ^ftv uXoyov Iv iavt& * Xiyea&mi 
di aXoyov, otav t» nXMoPaS^^ ^( ^f^V^^^^Jd^W 
yivoftivtjf ml x^or^oorT*, nq6g t« t&v dvimmv m^ 



I)E VIRTTTE MORALL 207 



' i^y mQOvrta Xdyov iu^pi^jm* xoil yecQ to na&oq 
fTi^cri loyov nor»iio6v xul uit6XaaTov, ix qnxvXrjg xal 
(fiflfHicQifjfiivrig xttlumg oqiodgSjvja xal Qotfirjv ngog' 
Xiiffovru. toiX9 di Xa9iiv iovto Tovg anavTag, ii 
^iTTog rjfiwv, &q aXfi&&gf XxaaTog ioT^ xal evv&nog* 
Tijr yiig hTiQav dtnXoriv ov xaTiidoy, dXXd tjJv y/r- 
Xtig xal obifiaiog fiil^v ifnfavtOTiQav ovaav * oTt di 
ttvtfjg iau t?^ y^v^^Tjg iv lavTfj aiv&tTov tl xa\ ^«- 
^vig xttl uvofioiov, ojgnfQ kTiQov oiafiaTog tui; aXo^ 
yov n^o^ TOF Xoyov uvdyxrj tiv» xal q)vasi avfifti' 
fivTog xai avvaqfioa&ivjogy uxog fiiv ioTt firj^k IIv^ 
'd^ay^Qav nyvoriaat, TBXfAatQOfAivovg t^ mgl t^v 

' §tovatx^v anovd^ iot avdgog, i^v inriydytTO t? y/v- 
X^ XTfXrfafOig fyf xn xul nagafivd^iag, ^ ov nuv ixov' 
Cfl didaaxaXia xa\ fia&iifiaatv Inrixoov, ovdi X6y§f 
fttTaflXfiTOv ix Xttxiag, nXXd Jtvog kTsgag mt^olg 
AwiQyov xal nXdafojg xul Ti^uaofvamg dtdfitvov, 
"d fi^ mnndnaat jiiXXot <piXoao<fia dvcfiSTaxsigigov 
ttvttt Xttl dmi^ig. ifitpavlag fiivTOt xal Pf^uifag xul 
dvttfitptdd^ JlXuibJV avvitdBV, ori tovtov ys tov 
x6afiov Td ifiipvxov, ovx unXovv ovdi uaifv&stov 
008« fiovoHdig iaTiv, uXX* ix i^g tavTov xal t^^toI; 
It^ov litfttyfjtivov dvvdftfoK, n^ ftiv uit xaTd tov- 
id xoafjtiitat xal mginoXit fitn td^n XQdrog ixovafi 
Z^fitvov, ntj (^i {Tg ts xivriattg xat xvxXovg axtti' 
fttvoy fmtvttvriovg xai nXavfiTovg, agxv^ dttt(poQ5g 
xttl yivtatv ^ t« iv^Qurnov iffvxv» f^^Qog ? 'ffiVM^ 
tJj tqU iiavt^g olaa, ital avvriQfioafiivri xttid jlrf. 
ftJig xaH ttQt&fiOvg ioix^tag ixdvotg, ovx aaXrj tti 



208 l»LVTAftCKI 

iany, oidi 6(Miom^nq, uiX tuffov ftiv c^» i& pot-^ 
gov, jcoi XoyiauKOP, ai uQmulv toi iw^^nov xaxm 
ipvaip xal aQx**'^ ngo^iitdp iaup* tu^v ds t6 na- 
^ijniedv xal akqyop %al noXmla^h nnl aiaxror i^ 
kaviov imataaiag dsofiBPOP. ov ndliv dt/ij /tfe^*]^- 
fiivov, jdfMvuil amfiauxdv xiul^tai ini&Vfiotv, 
%6 di tau fiiv ti tovia ngogu^ifisvov , tau de fj t^ 
loyiafi^ na^ov loxvv inl rovto nat divafiiv, ^. 
uoeidig' anodsixvvat de rrjv diatpoqiiv litiXiata r^ 
lov Xoyiiofiivov nak (pqovovvtog avu^au, n^og t6 
int&vfiovv xal ^vfiovfitvov* SatB eu^a tlva^ nok' 
laKig dnti&ovvia nal dvafuxxovvia ngog t6 fiilu' 
aiov, tavtaig ixqnaato tcu^ dgxffii ^n^ nltlatov 
liQtatotiXijg, &g dijldv iauv i^ wv tyfMifftv, vattQov 
di, xd fiiv Ovfioiidig tta im&VfAifUMm nQoaivtifitv, 
mg im&vfilav tivd t6v &vfi6v ovta nal OQt^iv dvu- 
Ivnr^aBttig' m fiivtok na&tjttK^ ual dloyu fiixQt 
navtog &g diaqiiQovu tov Xoytattuov, XQ^f^^f^ ^M- 
tiXBatv, ovx oTi navttXbtg dXoy6v iattv, &an%Q to 
OLia^tittu^v 1} t6 &Qsntiu6v ual qfvuu6v liy; ynfXTJ^ 
fitQog * dXXd tavta fisv oXtog dv^uoa X6yov ual um- 
qid tQ6nov ttvd ttig aaQu6g iulif/SXdati^ue ^ ual mgl 
t6 aiafAa navttXS^g uataniqtvut. t6 ds ntt&fitiudv 
oiusiov X6yov atiQStat ual afiOtQ6v iativ, dXXmg di, 
tov XoyiJiofiivov udl q>Qovovvtog ugnuohtiv, ualtQi" 
nsd&ai nQ6g iuelvo ual vneiuetv ual uataaxffiati^ 
{ta&at niq>vutv, 4dv fitj tiXeov ;; dts^^aQfiivov v^ 
^(ioviig dfia&ovg ual duoXdatov dtainig. 

IV. Oi de xtavfidl^ovteg, on&tg uXoyov (uv iatti . 



DE VIRTVTE MOKALI. 2U9 

Xiyta di U7tii»oot, ov fivi doxc^dt toD X6yov mgt- 
voiiv T^v dvvofiiv, oisri niifVHt tcctl i(p* oaov dtigjfS' 
jweti^ t^ xQcnup xttl SyHV, ovoTtXfjgtHg ovds mrtnh^ 
Ttosg ayof^ofig, aXXtx rvTtMO^g, xot» 16 ivddatfiov odtl 
mi^iiviev aTtdoTig avdyxrig xal filag ij^ovaaig dvv^ 
mfkintqov. im\ inai nvsvfia dtinov xttl vsvga xai 
9aj&^Kal tdXoind ftsQfi tov nwfiaTog , &Xoyd iaxiv^ 
d}£ omv Sgfi^ yivrjjai, atiaavtog &anfg f\vidg tov 
XoyiGfioVi ndv ja tijaxtai xal avvijxtat xotlvTrcr- 
xovBi*. xfiu n^dig ts, ^tlv diavoTj&ivtog, tvtovoi, xa) 
X^H^^ M^ ^yov xaSiatavtai, fiaXslv tj Xa^siv ogfjtri- 
a€$9nog. a^ata di 6 noifjjrjg t6 avfina&ovv xal 
avyKataaxfifiati^fisvov tia Xdyta foif dX6yov nagi^ 
avfiait (ii>d tovttav • 

. '^Jlg.tiig triHsto xaXd naqr\ia dax^toiariS» 
. JCXatoviHig kdv avdga na^fisvov avtdg^Odva^ 
osvg 
Ovfif fiBV yo^amav iriv iXdatgs yvvaixa, 
^Oq>&aXf»oli* tiatl xiga tajaaav,fis aiSfjgog 
jijgifiag iv fiXsipd^otat , doXff^ diys ddxgva xsvdsv. 
ovttigxatrixoov h^s tfjg ngiastog xal t6 nvsvfia xal 
To jaiTfia xal td ddxgvov, dffXot'ai d^ itat nagd xor» 
Img xal xaXolg, av ovx H» X6yog, ovds v6fiog ^iyst%\ 
aidoiuiV .q^vyal xett "^mtxtigviastg ^avxiav dy^vmv 
xal dtgsfMVVt&v. S ftdXtataavfilSaivsi tdig ig&atv, 
sJja.axovactaiVi ^^ ddsX^p^gigaivrsg, ^ ^yatgdg, 
riyvofixaatv avtixa ydq snnj^ t6 int^fiovv o^oe- 
liivov T«iJ X6yifv, xalt6 aSifia td fisgri awwaxt 
f/iovovvta Tjv xghu nagia;^: auiotg ys juijy noXXd* 
Pi.vT.MoR.Tir. O 



210 PLVTAKCHl 

mg mu oifJOiiQ gidXa ^deoig. ngoiipex^ipttg , £p af-^ 
adfaviai nal fiMfaaiv avtovg twp fiij jta&a^}P 7» 
fiildi vofAlfiw iSvidoxdtagf ov tfl X(fia$i ftdvop in^ 
9tV>e?«i Td Xvnovv nal ddxvoVy aXhx xal to awfia 
r^ do^fl aw^atqendfitvov xt»$ dvamfiTtkdfurov, VfiB* 
«oi xat diatgonal vatftuadtig loxovau di9oixa ^i, 
^^ di^saifii navtdnaatv iTiaytayd xal VHtgd tt^ 2J/^« 
ntQaiviiv, yfaXtrigta du^)V xal Xvgag, xal nfjxtldag 
xal avXoiig, xal oaa fiovtHXijg ngoatadd xat tt^ooi}-* 
yoQjn fiiixaviiaafiiviig dvd^mvoiig nd&taiv,. aiffvxa 
avvijX&t,. xal avvtnt&QfivH', xal avvflkiy xet* avva- 
xoXaataivti, tdg xqtatig dtfa<pigovta xat td nd&fi 
Ttal tu fi&ii t&v xQfafiivtav. xttiioi xal Z^vnvd tpa» 
Oiv tls.&iatQOV dvidvta xi&aQM9ovvtog l4fiOifiiB»g, 
TtQdg tovg fia&iitdgt^Iaifiev^ (htiir, oiuag xatafid- 
{fbifisv, oXav tvttQa xal vtVQ» xtu ^SfXa xat oatSX6' 
fov xa\ df^t&fiov finaax^Pto xoi td$ttag, ififjiiXiiav 
xal qitavriv dtpifiaiv,. dXXd wvta idaag, fiditag av 
avi!av nv&oifi/fiv ,. ei x^vag^ xtd %nftovQ acal OQVt&ag 
olxovQovg o^vttg, s&h xal tQO<pfi xat didaaxaXta 
^iavfig tt avvttdg xal nqhg X6/0V, V7tfix6ovg xivfiaetg 
ual a^atig dnodidovtagi xo» nQiiStig t6 ftitQtov xaZ 
t^xoiotfiov fifiXv ixovaag* *&fiiiQov 9* dxoiovttg 
t6v UxiXXia Xi/ovtog otQvvttv Xnnovg tB xal dviQog 
ini Tijy fitig[fiVy tn &avfidi/ovat xa* diaTtoQovatP, «1 
t6 &vfiovfitvov iv fifuv xal im&vfiovv xal Xvnov' 
fitvov xal fi66fitvo¥ vnaxoitf>v te tt^ ^QOvovvtt; xal 
ndaxtiv vn aviot xaH avvdMti&ta&at nigiVxtv, 
oex tijiouioMv OJudi dmaxotvtaftivotf ,. oi6i nXaaa6^ 



DE yiRTVTE MOBALI. 21 1 

fievop eBadiWr ^i^^ tVTtevftiv^v «vtfyxeeig yoty, ^ 
nXtiyaig, «U« ffVOH ^iv i^rjQTfjfidpov , atl ds afii-' 
loifv nal ovvTQtqSfittov xal eivttmfinXafterov vm6^ ^ 
fivvfidtmg. dto xal yaX&g itr^fiaeTai t6 fit^og* %^ 
tilv yag (& Tv.nfO' Hnuv) notQtrjg tov aXdy^v td ^ 
&og* mi6fjaaiai Si, ou Tijv notdiT^Ta Tuvtt)v ftal^ 
T^v Siag)0(}dv hdu Xa^^dvn t& aXoyov vn6 toS ko^ 
yov nXaTTOfdivor, ov flevXofitvov t^ na^g i^at^im 
navTomaoiv, (ovxi ytiq dvvaTdv, ovTi afi^vov) aXJa^ 
S^ov Tivd xal To^tv imTidivTog avt^i, xo^ Tag ri^t- 
xdg «QiTag, ovx anadtlag ovaag, aXXd avfifntqiag^ 
va&tov xu$ fiiaoTTiTag, iftnotovvTog, ifinout di rjj 
fQOV^Cit T^v Tov nav^iiTtxov dvvufnv itg i^iv dgilav 
xav^taTag, Tqta yd{t dr/ tavTd <paai mgl r^v y^vxvr 
vnuQX^iv, dvvafitv, nddtog,i^iv, ^ fisv ovv dbrofUi 
UQX^ ^^^ ^^''l "^^^ nddovg, oiov ogyMT^g, aicr^t^ 
TjfXla, •daQ^Xi&xrig* Td 5i nd^og, xivriaig Tig ridr} 
Tijg dvvdfiifag, oiop ogy^, oldtd^ &dQaogf ^ d' i%tg, 
Iqxifg xa$ xaTuaxivij T^g ntQ* rd^ uXeyov dwdfiiiog 
i^ i&ovg iyyivofiivfi, xaxia fiiv, av g>avXtog, UQiT^ 
ds, iv xaXtagvTib^ tov Xoyov Ttatdaywyri&^ r^^d' 
&og. 

V. *Enel $B ov naaav vQiT^v fna^Ttita noiov^ 
atv ovdi ^^&txriv xaXovat^ Xixnor av 4^»s^t^S 
dta<poQug aQ^afiivoig Svfo&BV» &nt jfKWv^Sm vqo-' 
yfidTtar tu fiiv anXaag ixovTa, Tcr^ nAg^poaFmftQdg 
flfiicg' anXSig fiiv ovv ix^vTot, yrj, ovQavdg, SatQa, 
&fiXaaaa' nS^ de ^oyTcx nQog fiftSg, Syad6v, jco* 
u6if' miQiT^Vf^vmdP! %dv, aXyHv.6»' dfttffiih dk 

Oa 



foviiiyov &E(aQrjttxov ovrog, t5 fth nBQ^ Tfi unlwg 
t^^ta fjtovov., imaTTjftovtTtdv yal x^faiQrjjixov Borf 
:xo ^'<V Tolg nwg.a;^ov(Ti> Tigdg ^ifitig, fSovXtvtixdv xotl 
TtQUKUitSvr •agsTf} Ss rovjov fiiv ^ q)-^4vrietg, ikeir 
vov ds 1) aoq>loi» dia<piQii ds ao(fdag q>g6vrjatg^ jj 
%at} \^s(OQfiTtxov TtQog To nQaxTiicov xal na^rixoy 
iniaTQoqivg »««* axsasdjg jivog ysvofssvijg vq>laTaT-a& 
^xctTd 16/ov ^ qQovfjaig, Sto qgdvijaig psy rvjjnfff 
diljat' aoq>la 5' ov 'SslTat TiQ&g td otxnov rilog^ 
<ivd6 ^ovXijg, tOTi yaq mgl t« dsl xaTtx td avtti 
nal &gavTfag e];^»!'!». k£»2 xa&dnsQ 6 ysofjisTQrjg ov 
fiovXsvsTat nsql Tot; tQty^vov, rl Svolv OQ&atg Vaag 
^« rdg ivTog yatviag, dXld oldsv (al yuQ ^ovXail 
TttQl tav aXXots aXXcag Ix6vt(ov ov nsQl tStv /Ssjiatcay 
xttl dfjtstanTmmv) ovTOjg 6 ^stOQ^Ttxog vovg nsQl tcc 
nQaTaxalft6vtfia, xal fiiav dsl <pvatv sjfovta fiif 
dsxofiivrjv fisTufioXdg, ivsQytav, dnriXXaxtat rov^oif» 
Asvsa&ai,, r^v ds qtQ^vr^atv slg nqdyfjtara nXdvTfg 
fjtsard ^(A taQdtjf^g »a&ts7aav , inifilyvva&at roti 
rvxrfQolg noXXixtg -dvayxat6v ear» xal t^ p^vXsvtt* 
rt(§ X(^a&ai n(Qltwvd5rjXotiQ(av,t^ di nQaxtix^ t6 
SovXsvTtxdv ixdsxofJtivrjV ivsQyiiv ijdij xaltov dX6» 
/ov avftnaq^vtog xal avvsqisXxofjiivov taXg XQtasaiv 
6Qfjtijg yitQ .diovtai, trjv de.^Qfjtiiv r^ nd&si notsl t^ 
fl&og, X6yov dsoftivijv oqi^ovtog, onxag fistqia naQji^ 
nal fjir)tf! iVnsQfiaiXi]^ fi^r» iyxaraX*ntj rdv xuiq^v,. 
ri ydq dr^ na&fjttxdv xtu dXoyov xivriasai XQV'^^^» 
taig fjtiv, dyav a^po^Qoig xal o^iatg* ratg di, fia« 
laxmiQCng ^ nqogrixt^ xal dqyotiqaig, S&tv ixa- 



DE VIRTA^TE MOflALl. 513 

^xov iay nQAxtofiiv lU), fiovax^g ftsf,. xotio^&otttt^^ 
siJitova^aig dsy auaQJtivst. lo- yttQ (idXuv jdv nxo^ 
ndv, (V iau xal aTtXovv, uaioxovok ds alkote erAAo)^, 
iintq^dlXovxtg t6 fiixQiov ^' TiQoaTtoXtlnovxtg, toDto 
cvv xov JtQaxxixov X6yov naxa q>v0iv e^yov ia%4,t6 
iSaiQstv xag ttfiBxgiag xotv n^n&SfV xal nX^fifisXdagi, 
Sntov (th ydg vno UQQfaaxiag xai fjtaXaxlag ij diov^ 
xal oxvov TiQOtvdidmtv ^ OQfirj xal nQoanoXslns* 
10 xaX6v,.ivxavda naQsaxiv i^fyMQfov xal dvaQ^^f 
-nl^v onov ds ndXtv ixfpSQSxa^ QVilaa noXXri xaX 
Jlxaxxog,. ixsl x6 aq>o5Q6v d<paiQti,x&t llatfiQiv, ov^ 
TO)ff ds OQi^OiV xrjv nu&rixixi^v. xivr^aiv y ifinoitt xd^ 
^dutdgdQCxag mQl t-o aXoyov, iXXsiiptwg xal tnsQr 
fioXJps fitadxfixag ovaag» ov yuQ anaaav aQST^v fA&- 
Aidxrixt yiv$0^at Qr^xiov dXX' ^ fisv dnQogds^qg xov 
uXoyov xal nsQl x6v siXiXQivrj xal dnad^ij vovv avvi' 
axafiivfj ao<pia xal q^QOvriaig, avxoxsXriq xtg iaxlv 
dxQOxrig xov Xoyov xai dvvafjtig, r\ x6 x^tidxaxov iy- 
yivixai xtjg iniaxiififig xal fiaxaQmxaxov^ r\ di* d^ 
vnyxaia dia x6 a&fia, xal Ssofisvri xrjg naOrixix^ 
wansQ oQyavixrjg vnrjQsaiag inl x6,nQaxxix6v, ovn 
ovaa q>x^OQd xov dX6yov xrjg ifivxifg ovda dvaiQsatg, 
dXXd xd^ig xal dtaxoauriaig, dxQoxrig fiiv iaxi xfl 
dvvdfist xai xfj noiotrixi, x(a noa^ ds fisaoxrig yivs^ 
tai, x6 vnsQ^dXXov i^aiQOvaa xal xo iXXslnov, 

VL '£nsl de noXXax^g x6 fiiaov , (xal yuQ ro 
KtxQafiivov, xtiv dxQdxotv fiiaov, dtg Xsvxov xal fti- 
Xavog xo q>at6v * > xal x6 nsQtixov xal nsQtsxofisvov, 
rov mQisxofiivQV ?tal nsQiixovxogy. &^ xuv^ Sndtxa 



'214 'MiVtAKCnl 

Hol TSTrrf^wv T» oktai • Jfret» tt? jui^^ercjov Toii' anqtft^ 
lifTszoVf «g dya&ov xal xako^ to ddidqiOQOv ) tov" 
wv fxw ov^iBvl JMV TQdnav ij (JpST^ eii; «i^ /icoronj^ 
otffi y«fl fciJ;'^* Twj> xixxiwv iouv, ovt ^nfgiixov^ 
aa TovkitTov, i^mQt^sTaitMKhovd^ovTi TwnQog^» 
xovTO^'^ 0VT8 dni))iXaxTat navTdnaai tuv na^rjTt^ 
xSiv OQfjiSv, iv aJg t6 fiSdXov xal Td iittSv iart, yi* 
ycTttt ^ fisoit-fig xal XiyBTat fiaXtoTa xj^ nBQlq>&6y^ 
yovg xal «QfiOviag Ofioioig, ixiivfi TZ yfxQ ififisXrjg 
ovaa (poivrj, xa&dnsQ ^ v^ttj xetl vjtdtr}^ ttjg fisv tf^ 
o^TfjT/x, TTJg Bk Tijv paqvTriTa Tijy ayav dianiq>sv^ 
ysv, «wrij T8 xlvrimg ovaa xal dvvafiig nsQi t6 S» 
Xoyoif,, To^ ixXvasLs x»l Tng imtdattg xal oXfog t5 
jUttjUev xal th rjttov ^atQsl irjg 6Qfiijg, slg to fjte* 
TQiov xal dvafidQTrjtov xa^tat&aa twv na&Siv cx«- 
OTov» etvtixa triv fdv dv^Qiav fisadvtita q>a(]^ («- 
vat dsiXiag xal ^Qaaiftfitog, av ^ fisv, sXXtii/jtg, ^ 
dt, vnBQ^oXiq Tov ^vfiOftdoog ian* Tt}v ds eXsv&S" 
^t^Ti}?»! fitxQoXoylag xal dawtiag* nQadtrita ds, «• 
vaXyrialag xal atfiStiitog * aVTr)y ts aaHpQoavvriv xal 
dtxatoavvriv, t^v ftiv nsQl Ta avfifi6Xata, firjTs nXiov 
vifiovaav ovt^ tov nQog^xovrog, /h^^ts sXottov, Trjp 
di sig t6 fiiaov dnad-siag xal dvata&riaiag xal dxo^ 
Xaaitt^ dsl Tag int&vfiiag xa&tatSaav. iv <^ dij xal 
fidXtata Soxft t6 SXoyov '^g nQiig t6 Xoytx6v dta- 
(pOQag avtov naQtxstv xaTav6tjatv , xdl dstkvifstv ta 
nd&og, «c stsQ^v t* xofit$ij tov XSyov iativ, ov yaQ 
dv 8iiq>sQS a(aq>Qoaifvr}g iyxQdtfia, xal dxoXaaiag 
dxqaaUi nfQt tdg ^$ovdg *aii tdg int&vfiiae, d Tcev- 



T)E VIRTVTE MORALI. 015 

Tuv ^v T371; i/fvx^g 5 imdvfittv o t< ^tqlvHV niq^vxt, 
yvv di atfMpQoavvfj fiiv iaxiv^ ov ih Jta&firiKdv cS^- 
neg tv^viov ^^8/u/itt xal nQt^ov 3 Xoytofihq ^vioxn 
xa* (isTaxfiQti^TOi^ , n9Q* ttig ijnd^vfilag XQ^f^^^og v* 
Twdxovu xal dtxo(iiv(i^ %6v j^xXivov xa\ nQaJovvxt 
Tj}y im&vfiiav iyxQetiHav di ovk alvnng ayn, 
ovSb nti&ofiivfjv, dlXd Ttkaylav xal avwistvovaav, 
oJov vn6 nhjy^ xai x^^*^ov xarapiaidfitvog xal 
uvaxQovtav, aytavag uv iv i^vtta xal ^oqvPov fit* 
arig* olov 6 nlATWf ifsixoviiiu nfQt rd jijg ^vx^g 
vnoivyia, Toi) x^QOVog nQ6g to fiilriov Svyofiaxovv" 
Tog Sfia xal i6v ijvtoxov diataQdrtovtog , avtixtiv 
oniam, xat xatattlvttv vn^ anovd^g avayxaj^^fitvoi^ 
taSii /M9 fiaXfj ^otvixag ix xhqwv Ifidvtag, xatd ^i- 
ufavtSffV. o&tv ovd* aQSt^v avtottXij d^iotat ti^v 
iyxqdxtiav, aXld ilattov aQtXTig tlvat' fitaitTjg ydq 
ov yiyovtv ix avfi^vtag tov x^QOVog nQ6g t6 fiiX* 
tiov, ovlf dvjjqfitat tov nddovg tu vnfQfidXXov, oV' 
di nHdofitvov ovds 6fioXoyovv t^t q>QOvovvti t^g 
yfVXTJg t6 ini&vfiovv, dXXd Xvnovv xal Xvnovfitvov , 
xal xattiQy^iitvov vn dvdyxtjg , o)gntf iv atdat* 
dvgfitvig xal noXifUOV avvoixil' 

JldXtg d* Sfiov fiiv &vfiiaf*dtciv yipiti, 
'Ofiov di naidvuv tt xal axtvayfidtoav , 
^ jotf iyxQaxovg yfvxii Sm tjJv dvtifialtav xal Tijr 
8ia(poQdv. xatd tavtd di otovta$ xal tqv dxQaatav 
tXatxdv T* xaxiag tJva*, nmvttXii di xadav, t^v «- 
xoXaaiay, avxTj fiiv ydQ sxpvaa xal nd&og (pavXov 
xal X6yov, v<f ov fiiv i^ysxai t^ im&Vfitiv nqog 



216 l^LYTARGHI 

To alaxQ^v, v(p ov ds TOiTcaxSg TCfjlvsip nQOqii&tnB 
yov -loug inid^Vfiiaig, xal rijy atudtjaLV ano^aXXtt 
tSiV afiagTiXVOgjiivtiiv. ij ds aHgaoia Tbi fcev Xdytn ato - 
£«» T})y xQiatv oq&i^v ovaav,. Tia- de nd&fi q>iQ8ta& 
9iaQa f^v XQiaiv laxvovn lov Xdyov fAaklov • o&si^ 
ihaq)iQSi jtjg dkokaalag, onov fiiv ydQ iiXTatanov 
utd&ovg 6 Xoyiafidg, oTiov d* ovds ftdxBtaf xal o- 
nov fdv uvTiliytov tmxai Toiig int&vf4iaig, onov §9 
wptjytltai avvayoQsiHov* xalonov fisv rfiofiivtaxot^ 
vavitv vndQxst xwv afiaQiavofiiviav, onov is^ cixd^o» 
uivof * xal onov fisv ixav qiSQStat nQ^ rd ataxQ^y, 
Snov ds TiQodidoifatv Sxoav tin xaX^v wg to7g tt^t- 
tofiivotg vn^ avtGv, ovx-riTtov ds xaltotg Uyofii" 
voig svsaxtv ij diaqiOQd xaid&rilog * dxoXdaJiav fASP 
yuQ «(^fr fpvivai' 

Tig SsxoQtg, ci 8e jBQnvdv Svsv x^^^ ^^o« 
^ixrig; 
Ts&vaifiv, Sx& fioy fnrjxixi xavta (iHsu . 
*al sxsQog * 
^ 7*6 (faysXv, xo niHV, Td x^g U(pQodixijg xvyxdvsiy, 

Td-d* u^Xa nQoa&rixag anavx iyoj xaXZ, 
(prjalv, wansQ i^ oXiig^ i^g ipvx^g avvsnivsvtav xatg 
r^dovalg xal vnsQStndfisvog, ovx «jTToy di xovxtav 6 
sln<av • • 

"Ea fi dnoXia&ai, xovxo yuQ fiot ovfiipiQSt, 
tijv xQiatv sxst T^ nddst avvvoaovaav, al ds x^g 
axQaaiag sxsQat xa\ diag>iQOvaat * 

rvofiinv s/ovxd- fi ^ (fivatg (^idisxat^ 
xai • 



DE.VIRTVTE MORALI. 0^7 

jR «T, T^ "5;) ^a«y avdgb>noig xay.6v, 
"Orav Tig, ild^ Tdya&di', j^g^iat di firi,' 
mi' 

"E^Mfi fiB yccQ Tidrj dvfidc, ovd* *V avjsxfh 
Oivcadsg dtg SyxKrtQOv dyxvQoig adkoj • 
S^tvudsg ayxiaiQOV ov (pavliog Uytov,T6 fii} xdToyov 
tov Xoy.iofjiov firids juQaQ^g, dlXd fiavoxriTy tIJ? y/v- 
^g Tial fiaXaxla. nQoUfisvov Ti)y xQiaiv, ov tioqqw 
^e jTjg slxdvog javji^ xnxtiva tVQrjjat ' . 

jyavg big jtg ix fiiv yij-g dvriQTriiai pQdxotg^ 
Jlvti d^ ovQog., f^filv d ov XQaTsi td ntlufiaja, 
^daiiaxa ydo Xiyst, lag dvTtyovaag XQlatig TiQog to 
maxQov, HTa ^gntQ vn6 nvivfiaTog noXXov ^rjyvV' 
fiivag Tov nd&ov^» tw ydQ ovTt nXr^alaTtog fiiv inl 
Td,S ridovdg dx6XaaTog vn6 tuv int&Vfttwv q^iQS" 
tat, xal diiiwatv havT6v xal avyxativ^vvtf nXd" 
ytog di 6 dKQaTtjg, oiov i^avatfiQsiv yXtx6fisvog xal . 
dtta^sTadat to nddog, vnoavQSi xal nsQininttt ws- 
ql t6 alaxQ6v ug Avd^aQyov iaiXXatvs Tifioav* 
*£v 8i t6 &aQaaXiov Tt xal ififisvig onnr) OQoZaai 
fpaivsTldva^dQxov xvvtov fiivog' ogQaxalfldojg, 
*Jlg qidaav , a&Xtog baxs , q>vatg di fiiv tfinaXtv 

^ysv 
^SovonXrj^ , rjv nXsloTot vnoTQsiovai aotptaTZv,. 
ou%8 yuQ Q ao<p6g, iyxQaTTjc, dXXd adtq^Qfav ovts 6 
dfia&^, ttXQaT^g, dXXd dxiXaaTog, 6 ftiv ydQ riils 
tat Tolg xaXotg, o.di ovx txxdstat Toig ataxQolg, ao- 
q>taTtxrlg otit ^ffvxrfg ii dxQaaia, Xdyov ix^varig vTg 
tyvuxsv og-d&g iufiivsiv firj dvvdusvov. 



218 PLVTARCni 

VII. 7/ (ih olv dxQaaia tavittgexBi Sia(pogtxs 
ngdg t)j> otxoXaaiapf ti di iyxQdista nQdg Trjv ao>- 
(pQoavvfiv av&tg av jtig dvuoTQd^povg dvaXdytag. t^ 
ytxQ t^xvov xal t6 Xvnovv xor» to dyavaxtovVf ov- 
noa T>jy iyHQaTsiav dnoXiloinB * Ttjg de awpQovoq 
yfvxfjg t6 navTax6&tv Sjia^sg Ttal da^VHtov xal v- 
yiatvov, 0) avviiQfioaTai jtal avyxinQUTat to SXoyov 
nQog Tov Xoyiafiov Evntt&fla xo» nQifdTfiti &avfia'' 
OT^ xsxoafiiifibvov, ttnotg dv im^Xitpag* 

Jfi t6t %miT dvifiog fiiv inavaajo, ^ di yaX^VTf 
"EnXsto vfnvsfiirif xoifiiaas de xhuxtTa baifAiav' 
td a^podQti xal mQifjuxvij xoH olatQtaihj xiv^fjtaTli 
TMV ini&vuiwv Tov X6yov xaTaaPiaavtog , tav 9s ^ 
tpvaig dvayxaUag dtiTat, TavTa ifiotonadij xat ^- 
nrixoa xal q>iXa xal avvsQyd nsnoitifiivov Toig nQa- 
XTixaTg nQoaiQiataiv * ^gTs ^i) nQOsx&slv tov Xoyt" 
Ofjiov, fjtijds Imvdtddvat, fitjds dtnxTsiv, fnjdi dnsi» 
dstv, dXXd ndaav oQfiijv ivdy&iyov oiaav^ 

Zi&riXov Xnnta noiXov wg dfia TQixsiv^ 
intfisfiaiovaav tov ASvoxQdTOvg X6yov, ov ixsivog 
slns nsQt, ttav dXrj9oig q>iXoao<polvT<av , ott fidvot 
noioifatv kxovaioig S notoZaiv SxovTsg oi Xotnoi, 
did tov v6fiov , &gnSQ vnonXriyrig xhvsg, ? yaXso\ 
yf6<poj, Twv ridovSiv dnotQsn6fisvot, xal nQog to dec« 
vov dnopXinovTSg, OTt fisv ovv yivsTai Ttg iv tjj ^v- 
XJ TOtavTrig OTSQ^^TriTog ata&tiaig xal diatpoQd nsQl 
Tag ini&vftiag, £g Ttvog fiaxofiivov xoit tdvavTta 
XiyovTog aVTolg, ovx SdriX6v ioTtv, svioi di qxtaiv 
ovx tTSQov slvat tov X6yov to nuOog, ovdi dvolv 



DE VIRTVTE MORALI. 219 

.(haq>OQiiy xot ama^v, uXXtx iroc Xqyov tqotiIv iii 
d/*q>6rfQa, Xavdavovoav fiftag o^vttjii xal Tnr/ct /if« 
rafioXijg' ov avvoQotvTnc, oii lavT^v (axi, iriq ^ivxrig 
o nitpvxiv im&VfiHV xal fitravouv , ogyiifadai xal 
Miivai, q>iQsa&ai TtQog to alaxqov Vip* r\iovirig, xal 
q>sgofiivtig naXiv avrrjg iniXttfxPavtadaf xal ydq 
im&Vfilav xal ogytiv xal qdjiov xal Ta lotavTU 
ndvta, dd^ag elvai xal xQhtig novfiqn^, ov ntQl ip 
Ti ytvofiivag ttjg yfV^fg fiigog, dlXd olov tov riyi' 
fiovixov ^ondg xal tl^tig, xal avyxatadiatiq xal 
6Qfidg, xal oXlbg ivtQytiaq 7trag,ovaag iv oXlyta fit" 
tanxmdg, Sgntg al jav naldmv inidqofial Tb qay* 
daiov xal x6 aq>odgdv imaq>aXig vnd dadtvtiag xa\ 
dfiipaiov tx^vai, Tavta di ngmuv ftiv nagd T^y 
ivdgyttdv iaxt xnl Ttjv aiox^fjatv ovdt}g ydq ivhav* 
T« Tov intOvfioX>VTog ala&dvtTat fttTaPoXfjv tig ib 
xqIvov, ovdi Tov xgivovToc av ndXiv tlg t6 intdv'" 
fiovv ovdi navtrai fiiv igoiv 6n6Tt Xoyii^Tai xaOt' 
xTiov tlvat t6v tQmTa, xal 6iafda%fiTiov ngog avT6v, 
' i^iataTat di ndX^v tov XoyiSta&at xal XQivtiv,oTav 
iv9t9a fiaXaaa6fAtvog vn6 t^; im&vfiiag. dXXd xal 
«w Xoytd nQ6g t6 nd&og dvTifiaivav, iv tcS nd&i$ 
iariv ht, • xal ndXiV xgaTOVfAtvog vn6 tov ndxtovc, 
6i0Qa tq! Xoyiofi^ t6 dftuQTavdfitvov * xal ovTS t^ 
nd&tt t6v Xdyov dv^grixtVt oirt t^ Xoyi^fa&at tov 
nd&ovg dnriXXaxTai, qsg^fttvog 6i kxariQiaat , fiioog 
,dftqo7v xal xoiv6g ioTtv, oi 6i vvv ftiv im&Vftiav 
yivta&at t6 ffftfiovtx6v , vvv 6i t6v dvTiTaTrdfitvov 
tfj im&vftUi loytaft6y InoXafiPdvovTtg , ovdiv dni* 



220 PLVTARCIir 

Xovai Twi» fiij difo iov xwriydv slvai, itat to ^fjglow 
v7ioXafilSav6vj(av, uXAa Tavio atafia XQ^li^^ov ^ctcx- 
polji, vvv fiiv tlvat &r}Qiov, vvv ds yivtadair xvny- 
yov. ixiivoi ts ytxQ ifKpaviq t« nagoQwaiv, ovxol t* 
nq6q TYiv aladriaiv avtifiagjVQOvaiv, ov;f kvog Jtvog 
UBiapokljgf dXla dvsiv ojia, fidxflS yal 5iaq>ogSgi iv 
lavTolg aia&av6fiSV0i. ri oiv; (q^aalv) ov xal ro 
PovXsv6fiSvov ^ Tov dv&gdiJiov . noXXdMg Six^^Q^h 
ical nqog ivavtiag dvd-iXM.Tai d6^ag'mQl tov av/Lt" 
'(pBQOVTog, dXXd tv iaxi; ndvv fiiv ovv, q>rfaofji(y- 
dXXt» To avfifiaXwv ovx Sfioiov, ov ydg fidxtTm 
nQog havTb Tijg yivx^g t6 q>QOVovv, dXXd fiia XQ^f*^' 
vov dvvdfisi diaq)6Qtav iq>dnTSiat Xoyiafiwv fiixkXop 
3e stg Xoytafi6g ioTiv ivnQayfiaai ytvdfuvog kTsgoig, 
oligTifQ vXatg diaqiSQOvaatg. o&tv ovts Xvnrj To7g 
avsv nd&ohg XoyiafMig tvsauv, ovtb SgnfQ i>tl3ia' 
, ifjfisvoi nagd yvafir}v alQOifVTai &dt(QOv, av firj v^ 
Jia Xav^dvfi ndd-og ti nQogfjQTrjfiivov wgntQ sit* 
ivyov. Hal yaQTOVTo avf;i3aivsi nolXdKig , ov Xo^ 
yiafiov TivognQbg Xjoyiaftov, dXXd qytXoTifiiag, fj <pi- 
Xqvttxiag, 9] xdQiTog, rj SijXoTvniag, rj diovg dvu^ai» 
vovTog, oVsa&ai tiva X6ym %lvat dvsXv diaqiOQdy'' 
&gntQ iy TOuTOtg* 

JAHsadsv fiiv dv^vaa&ai, dslaay f vnodix^ai. 
Ktti' 

T6 fiiy aqMyrivai deivoy, svxXtiav f ^e*» 
Tb fifi ^avsly Si, dstXov, ^dovfj 5* svt, 
yal nsQl Tag XQiasig di twv avfi/ioXaiaiv vnoTQsxoy' 
^a id nd^fj t^v nXtiaTriy (finoul dtatQifiiv ' xat 



DE VIRTVTE MORALI. ^21 

m^l th av(i(ioiXia rtav fiaailitov -ol "ngog xrlqiv Ac^ 
yovitg, ov dvtty nQlamv t^ kuga awayogdovaiv, 
aXXd Tfu&H Tiyl Tiqogtl&svTai nagd jov jov aviiq^i* 
^ovtog Xoiyiafjid-v did tovg Qti-tOQag iv talg dgiaio^ 
MgaTlaig oi agxovjsg ovx iiaat na&aivta&at. ginn 
^dq svS-sittv (oniqv 6 dnadrig Xoyia/iog im jd dt- 
xatov * av di nddag iyyivi)jat, fidxriv noul xon df or- 
ipOQdv t6 riddfavov xal t6 aXyovv ngog ro yglvov 
xal To fiovXtvdfisvov * intl did tI Toig iv g)iAoao- 
q^iit anifnfiaaiv ov ng^gsart to fiSTd Xvntig vno toav 
kTiqmv Syead-ai *al fistaTi&sa&at noXXdxtg, dXX* 
avjdg T$'AgtaTOTiXijg,4diifi6xgiT6g ts »«» Xgvainnog 
6Vta T&v ng6a&sv avTolg dgsax6vTpiV d&ogvfitag koI 
dSititTSog xal fjtsd^ ^dov^g dtpsiaav} oti Tta ^«w^i}- 
jtK^ xal fia&fifiaiiJta T^g yfvxfjg, nd&og ovdiv dv-» 

^iaTfixsv, dXi^ drgsfisi xal ov noXvngayfjtoyst t6 
ttXayov^iv ToifToig, did ngdg t6 dXtidsg 6 Xoytaftdg, 
OTav (fav^, ngoifuyog t6 \ffs^SoQ, dofiivtag dniaXt^ 
vsv, iv avT^ ydg iartv^ ovh iy iTigoj, td nstd6fis* 
vov %a\ ftsTanst&ifisvov, ai Si ngayftaTtnal fiov^ 
ila» Hai 9tgias$g xal diatTUi tSv noXXoiv ifinadslg 
ovaas, dygodiav t^ X6y(^ nagixovat xal dvgxoXiav, 
ivtaxofiiva xal TagatTOfiivfif nsg\ tb aXoyov, dvtal' 

, gov avT^ fts&^ ^doviig Ttvog,' ti diovg, rj Xvjttig, rj 
ini&Vfiiag, xal fovTtav iigtTrigtov ^ aXa&riaig iauy 
dfjiq>OTigaiV ixpanTOfiivri* xal ydg av nsgtyivriTai 
^aTsgov, ovx dv^grixs &dTsgoy, dXi^ iqtiXxstat xa^ 
tafiiaS6fisyov xal dvTtTttvov» 6 ydg vov&STlav o^- 
thv igwvta, X9^^^^ '^^ XoyiajiM ngdgtfi nd&og, wg 



222 PLVTARCUl 

aiixporiffaw ip6ftap afta r^ ^fvxji, xa^amq x^^Q^* 
tpXtyfiulvoy ittf^ow fii^ nti^av, jea» dvtXv awiwy 
xcx» diaqttQ&VTOiP iTtaufSetrofitifog. iv ftivjoi ra7g 
ttJtadiai (iovlalg xat axiiffiatv, inag tx^*' t»ol*^ta 
10 ^tetQfinndv, av ftsv taat ftivmjtv, ov yiyovt hqI^ 
aig, akXd anoQta, awaig ovaa nat ftovff diavoiag 
i7i& ivavxUav Xdywv av di ^on^ yivriicn nQog ^ec- 
tiQOV, fi KQax^aaaa t^v htiQav XiXvimtv, uiata fiij. Xv" 
ntiv fifidi vmvavttova^at nQ&g t^v d6^v, oXoitg 
ds Xoytofiov fii» avtiKiiadat Xoytaft^ 9oitovvtog,ov 
ylvwtat dviiv %a\ itiQOv atadiiaig, aXXd Mg ttvog 
iy dtaq>6qoig ytvofiivov (pavtaataig* otav di ti U" 
Xoyov fidxfltat va Xoyiafta, /uifTS nQttJtiv dXvTttag 
fifltt xQOttiadat mqivxog, tvd^vg i)g dvo dt^i&niat 
tjj fidxfl ^^ H^^X^^r ^^ nou% tijv 9tag>0Qdr nQ6* 
diiXor. 

VIII. Ov fi6vortohnr an6^ trjg ftdxfigr «Xt" ov- 
9ir fittor, dnd- iijg dxoXov&iag xatldot tig ar r^r 
na&fittxfjr aQX^ tijg Xoytxijg ovaar httQar^ intl 
yoQ iatt fiir iQ^ twpvovg nQdg^oQtt^r xai ytrratov 
natddg, tatt de (j^vXov xai ttxoXdatov, avfifialrtt 
di &Vfif§ x^ad^m ^cv iXiy^g ffQ6g naldag avtov 
xal yovtXi, XQV^^"^ ^ ^^h yoviuv xal naidtav dt- 
xaUag nQdg noXtfihvg^ xal tvQ&vrovg * &gntQ ixtJ 
fidxfig xat IkofpoQStg tov nd&ovg jtQdg t6v Xoyiafidr 
e^dfialg iatir, ovttag: ivtav&a ntt&ovg xal dxo» 
Xevdiag, olov int^Qiovtog xai avvtntdiddvtog. ttt 
toivvv xa)i yvvaixa yfifiag xatd vdfiovg dvrfQ imtt* 
Mrig l^tavt^tat ntQtinur xal .avvtifai dtxaioig xal 



DE VIRTVTE MORALL 22^ 

{^og aia&dvttai t^ Xoyiagi^ i6 iptXiiv nal xo cr/oe- 
uiav Imxuvd/itrov * wgntQ av xal vioi didaaxdXoig 
ivTVxdviig daTtiotg, vn^XQ^^^*^ ^^ nf^SiJOV tnovmi 
xal ii/jXovatv, vattqov di nal (piXovaiv, oyTi yvtogi^ 
§i<ov xal fia^T&v iQaarat HaXolfitvot xal ovTig, t6 
d^ avTO avfAfiaivti nal ngdg a^x^vTag iv n4XtatxQV* 
0TOvg, nal ytitovag , jmx» xij^cara^* dg^fjuvoi yag 
vnb XQ^^^^ Tivbg xadtiXoifTtog aXXr\Xokg ofiiXtlv, I* 
mtTa Xav&d^vovatv tlg to ipiXiiv vnoqnQdfAtvoi, 
ovvtmanuaufiivov tov Xoytaftov xori avvdvanti» 
aavTog t6 na^Tixdv, 6> d' tinw' 

j^dtog Tt' diaaal d' tialv, ^ ^iv ov xa»^,. * 

*U f axdog oixw 
ag ov d^X4g iaii awfiad-fjfiivog iv iavTtf tovto to 
nd&og noXXdxiig, naQa tbv X&yov oxvotg xal fitXXri- 
atat xaiQovg xal nodyfMtra Xvfiatvifitvov { 

IX. 0\g xal ovToi Tqinov Ttvd dtd trjv ivdg' 
fttav vnttxovTtg, aUkia^&at td aiaxvyta&ai xaXov^ 
€t, )cal T& fidta&ait xaiQttv r xal Tovg <p6^ovg tvXtt-' 
/htag'^ tavTrjv fitv ovdtvog. av alttaaaftivov T/)y iv- 
ijprifiiav, ti Td aitd nd^fi JtQogTtdifitva fiiv ti} Xo^ 
ytofi^ TovTotg naXoifat totg 6v4fiaat, fiaxSfitva dt 
xui fitai^fitva tov Xoyiafiov ixtivoig. OTav di da» 
HQVotg iXtyxofitvot xat^Qofioig xal XQ^^ fitTapo^ 
Xaig, dvTt Xvnrig xat ^ofiov driyfiovg Ttvag xat avv- 
tdQatig Xiytoai, xal nQO&Vfiiag tdg int&vfiiag vno» 
xoQli^ovTm, aoq>teTtxdg Soxovatv, ov <piXoa6qiOvg 
dixaimitg xal dnol^Qdatig ix tlav ngayfidim firi' 



.^24 ' llLVTARCHl 

X»vm^oit diti twy ovOfidTmy, xalxoi nSXiv avtot 
^dg t9 X^9^^ intlvag ita* Tug §ovhiifSug xix» tdtg cu- 
J^ot^Blag, ivjitt^utxg ^aXo^mv, ovx djia&dag, ogdSg 
ivxav&a xi^otij^vot tolg ov6(iaai, yivsiat yaq fvnd^ 
^ua %oh Xoyiafiolf t6 nd&og ovx dvat^rrog, «jt- 
Id uoafiovviog xal xdtxovjog iv xolg etafpgovoviHv, 
oi di q>avkot xal dicQatsig ti ndaxovaiv; otav tdy 
naxiga xa« t^v pi^xi^ xgivavxtg q>tXtiv, drti toIi 
igaffiivov xal t^? igfanivrig (irj dvvmvxat , t^v di 
kxaigav xal x6v xdXatta xgivavxfg, $v&i^g nal fptkS» 
0iv, M ydf x6 7td&6g ^v Kgiaig, ^du rfi xov q>tXnv 
XQ^va$ xal fiiaHv xgiaBt, t6 (ptXuv enea&at xal yd 
ptasiv* ffvvl dk avfi^aivH tdvavtia, talg (dv Ttgog^ 
xi&fgiivov tov nd&ovg xgiasat , xaig ds dntt&o^v^ 
tog. 7) xal qfaalv avtol xiov nqayfidxmv ixpta^ofii-' 
V{j3V, 'ov niiaav slvat xgiatv ndd^og, dXXd tijv xtvti^ 
tix^v oQfirjg ^iaiov %al nXsovaJ^ovaijg' ofioXoyovV'- 
tsg ixsQov sivai x6 xgivov xal t6 ndaxov iv •^fuv, 
&gnsQ x6 xtvovv xal x6 xtvovfisvov. avx6g ts Xqv- 
ainnog iv noXXoig OQtlogjtevog trjv xagxsQiav xdl ri)y 
iyxgdxstav i'^stg dxoXovd-tixtxdg t^ atQOVvti X6y€i, 
d^X6g iitttv vn6 tav ngayfjtdxoiv 6fioXoysiv avayxa- 
t6f*syog, &ig sxs^v iaxt to dxoXovd^vv iv i\fuv to9 
^ dxoXovd-tl nH&6fisvov, ij ndXw fjidxstm lAfj nst" 
^6ftsvov. 

lL.^Iatt tolvvv td afJtaQt^fjtata ndttaxal nd" 
aag tt^ifjmvQi tdg dfiaQtiag, si fjtsv dXXjf ni) nago" 
qC^^i t6 dXrt&sg, ovx saxt xatQog iv t^ naQ6vxt Sis- 
Xiyxfty* iv 9s toig- nXeioat qtaiyorxat xofitd^ nagd 



DE VIRTVTE MORALI. 005 

t^p itdQyuw ivMs^tAfAtvoi t£ ):6/m, TtSy (iip ytitQ 
nA&oc a/iadrrla xa% a/vjolq hsxt, »a» mg 6 kv7iov-> 
lisyo$, ^ tpo^ifitvoq, ^ imOvfiwv, afiaQtdvH, fis- 
^tUfXi ds T&v na^wy 8iagK>Qal xatd td fntiXov ital 
^ttov ojpcuiTor». tl$ ydq av ^airi tov ^ohavoq 9)0- 
Poif faoy Hvat jia Aiavtog, ivjgoTtaXiSofiivov nal 
(kt9fiv anidvto^ ix ttav noXcfiiav, oXiyov y6w yov^ 
v6g dfieifiovtog ,* i} tjj BXdtavog iitl JSfoxqdtH te- 
ksvt^aavti Xhnfi, i^y jlXi^idvdQOV diu KXsitov, iav" 
tdv dvelHV 6qufffaivtog ; imtsivovtai ydq ov ]us« 
tqitag nm t^ nagd X6yov ai lifnat * xal td naq iX* 
nida avfintwpa, tov xatd X6yov odvvrjQ^tSQov* rl 
nQoadoH&v tvijfiSQOVvta xal d-avfia^^fuvov oif>t- 
^&cUf Ttif^oito xatsatQifiXafiivov, &g ^tXmtavJlaQ' 
psviwv, dvfi^ de tig av ilnot nQdg^AvaSaQXov ttm 
KfXQV^^^^ NtxoxQiovta xal nQog 0iXfifiova Mdpxv, 
^fupotiQOvg XotdoQfi^ivtag vn avtmvf oph yaQ 
vntQotg aidfiQOig xatinntaab xal xajixontsv ixii» 
Pov * 6 di tia 0tXrifiOvt j6v ^rjfitov ixiXivaev inl 
t6v tQdxTiXov int&tivai yvftv^v j^v fidxatQav, tl,ta 
aq>i%vat* 616 xal vtVQa tiig yfVxv^ tdv &vfi6v 6 
HXdtm nQOgBimv^ Ag imtstv6fiiv6v js ntxQitf xa\ 
nQa6ttiu x^lAfitvov» tavta tokvw xivl td totavta 
diaxQov6fitvoi, tdi imtdattg t&v na&m xtAtdg 
€<podQ6tiitas ov <paat yivta&at xatd t^v xQtatv, iv 
7/ t6 afi^Qtfittx6v , dXld tdg Xifyig xoe» Tug ovoto* 
Idg xul dtaxvatig $lvat tdg t6 fiuXXov xal t6 ^ttov 
r^ X6yiif dsxofiivag» xaitot xal ntQt tdg XQiattg qpet^ 
vovtat ytv6fitvat diagiOQai' t^v tt yuQ mviav ol 
PLVT.Moii.Iir. P 



i26. PLVTAJRCHX 

fiiy oi naH^y, cl di xim fiiya x^voviHxa»6y,,ot9i- 
ys Httl fuyiatov, Zart xa» %utd tav TicT^y xal «o- 
T« Ti^$ &aXdTtfiJS oti^up kavtovg,' x&» t« ^avaxov 
olfij^y dya^&y a^BQ^Si,fi6i^y, oi dip %al rtfimQiai^ 
aUaviotg. vn& y^y, . xalitoXaafiolg.ffQiu&dBai', Mumdtf^ 
flvah.yofiiiovai»' ^js tou a&fittJOQ^v.yila JoXg.jiiy 
&g xajd.q)laiy*al x^V^^^f^oy dydnatai, tois^di t&y^ 
ovjoty dousl fiiyiaxovdya^dy ovie ydf niovtov 
ydffty -ritjfHioiy , . ovt« tSiq iaodaifioydg. dy&gwtois. 
(iaGtlriidog aQxd^i . tsXsvt&ytsg, di xal Ti}y- dgar^y 
dvtaq>fkij'Xaidy6yfitoy ^ovytat,. tov vytaiys$y. fi^ 
nagoytog' S^s q>aiifsad^a$.9ial nsq$]tdg.%qlastq.av^ 
xdg^/tovg fisy fi&Xioifi lovg di fittoyafiaQtdyoytafk 
dkld ov> towto yv» dtsltyxtioy^. iksiyo ^ i» taiitov- 
kvintsoy, . ati avyxaqoiuat . nal av^ol t^g nQiasmg.stSi^ 
^av sJyai td.akoypy- xa^ o tpaai yiPsa&a^ t6 nm^ 
^i^og a^odQ6tsgay xal fuiJioy,. igiSoytsg ngo^ jovpo^ 
fia nal t6^rj}ia, td 6i ngdyfiata did^ytsg.toiq.dUt* 
tfiqsiv t6,na&ffli%6y uai akoyov- tou koyiiofMivofv 
nal.Hgiyovtog ditoq>atyofiiKotg^ ivdi toig nsgldvo^ 
fiokayiag.6] Xgifainnog.sinmy,. oti,twp)^64f iativ i|\ 
ogyri.,, Halnolkdutg^fisy ovm ia og^y td inifpiv^ 
nolkdiug.di toig. itatakafifiavofiivotg.imngoa^si^ 
^»g6v ngoek&aiv Td ydq intyiy6fuva (9^9») nd^ 
^17,, iitXQolkt tovg koytofiovi, .xal'td ag ktiQt»g..qn»i^ 
v6fisva, .fiiaitog ngota&otvta inl tagjyavtiag ngA* 
l^sig * sha xifV*«t fidgtvgi t^ Msydv^qi^, Myprts T 

Ot fioi tdkag tymysi no^nots fpgivsg, 

'Hfiunf ixtivav naav iv. t^\ *j^ats. 



DE VIRTVTE MOltALI. jjo? 

9ial TfdXiv 6 XQvamnog TtgotXSmf * Tov Xoyixoi 
(yjja*) &iov €pv(jiv ixoytog ngoaxQno^aieig txaaitt 
^X6y(a,. ioxl vTtd' Joinov xvPsQvSa&ai , nolltixtg 
unoinQiqntodtn amiv nf^ag, aXXr^ PiatotiQn cppQtl 
XQOif^vovg • ofioXoySSv td ovfijiatvev ix t^g nqbg 
%b» Xoyov Tou nd&ovg diaqxogSg, inil xal ysXol^v 
ivtiv, fffpijat HXaxm, avi6v tiva Xiysiv avtot 
tCQBiziova, «al^ndXiV xtrgova * x«* tdv f4iv, xgato^V' 
ru kavTov, rdi^ d^^./A^x^towTOfi 

Xli n^' pxQ ol6p- ts j6v avtdv avrov xgihto- 
va ^vat' xol x^^gofva; i^ Ttgettiiv afta xa\ xgatit'- 
Q&ai; fi^ tg6nov' tiva dittov m(pvx6tog kxdgov, 
Ma^tdftiv xilg^ii' kavttto, t6 ds fiiXttov exovtog- 
oJ^TftT y»Q 6' fiir tov /hXtloyog vmjx6aj t^' x^tgovi 
XifHffifvog, iyxgatfjgkavtovxalxgflitoiiyiatlv 6 3i 
tm dxoXdatt» xal dX^yt^ tifg tf/vxifg hn6fitvov nfgio^ 
fS^ xal VTtTfgttov^ ti xqiittov, rittm iavtov xa\ 
oxgm^gMynah xalnagd (jpvijtv diaxtlfiBvdg. tpv^ 
ati yag ngoir^t ^iov ovta t^v Xoyiafihv, riyiU . 
if&ai xalagxiiv row dX6yov, xal tr^v yiveatv avi6* 
^fPsx(rtrtogiKtovaAfiatog>' (^ xal avvtfyftoiov' 
o&ai xal «oivdnfumadSSv x«« dvaniftnXaaS-at ni- 
^^a^, ivMvxwg civt^xal xatafiffityfiivog, wg dif^ 
iowfiv-at 6gfialng6fxd 0(»fienixd xtvovjitvat, xal 
€Hipo9g6tvp[ag ir vatg to& a&fiatog ftttafloXalg xal 
dyi(feigXafiP(hovaa*. dl6 vioi fiiv xai oing xal ha- 
fiol mgl T« tdgog^ig didnvgot x&l oiatgcid$tg ai>- 
^tog^nl^ztnsil^ ^s^6tf^n* t&tf 9i ngta^vtiSv ^ 



o2g PLViTARCfll V 

m^ ^o tiiiaq OQX^ '^^^ im&Vfir{fW9V lititaafiirrv^ 
Wf nctt yirsrm fuiLqn nm aj^sn);* lcx^H di /iail« 
X^ Q X6;^og t«IJ m&fitiKov r^ amfiau avpanofta^ 
iftuvpfupov, Tovzo Sa ^ifMiln *al rdg r&v Sfiglmit 
fi0onoiu ngdg rd na&rj ipvattg. ov ydg OQ^StriT^ 
^o^mr, ovde ipavXdniti l^itov, tolg fiiv dhtal xat 
Od^l n^bg td ffatv6fiBva dttva nagi€narta& , tdtg 
Si dfiJixaroi nto7at *al ftdpot t^^ ^X^S' dXXa al 
ns^ to aifia %al t^ m^vbfia xo» t^ aSifm dvvdfitt^ 
tag tSiv nadStv dtaq^oQag notovaiv, o^tg in ^iSfig, 
tov na&i^ttxov tijg aa^6g dvaplaatdvovtog ua^ 
avvavaffiqovtog triv nototrita ual t^v xQiatv,, tav 
Si dvB^nov taig ftiv na&rittxaig OQftalg to a&fm 
avfina&ovv nat avyntvovfisvov iUyx^^^^^ ^Q^^ 
tf^, iffv&ifiata^ tQOfio*, mj^^ocf; naQdiag, dia^v« 
attg av ndliv iv iXniatv fidov&v nal nQogdonioig* 
ojav dj fjiij fjttta nd&ov/s, ^^^ f^t6 naS^ avtb mvi}- 
tm tb diavo¥iun6v, ^avxiav ayu td aZfta nat ncb" 
&iatrintv, ovtB notvmvovv, ovts firsbv «vt^ tijg ivtg^ 
ytiag tov (pgovoZvtog, h tov ftad-rjfiaunov nvvtffA' 
ntoito, fiii9i avfinafotXafifidvottd dXoyov Stgf 
noti tovva bho ivta ISir(ho\Hjd-ai nai diofpigovta toS^ 
dvvdfi&ftv dXX^Xm. 

XII. Ka&oXov 9i t&v ^vtosv avtol ti ifaai noH 
. ^iqXdv iativ, oti td fiiv %u dtotnsltm, td di q^ifatt, 
. ja 9i dXoyij^ yf^xfif f^ ^^ ^^*^ Xoyov ixova^ nai dtd- 
voiav * tav SfioXi tt ndvttav 6 av&QOtnog fittiaxfi»eg 
ndi yiyovtv iv ndaatg teng ti^ifiivatg dtuq^OQoSg" 
uai yuQ t^t avvixttat, xa» ifvatt t^tpnat, k«u Xoy» 



DE VIRTTOE MORALI. 229 

^f^jyTM xo^ dtavoln. ^ix&jxiv ovv tmta mi to&mAo- 
yav, %oi GV^qiVTOV {/£« T^y Tou iid&9vg &qj(yiv, oJir^ 
ijata^tov, diXti dvi»/jialav oiaav, oudi uvm^vitip 
TtavTanaciv, alXa^fqanuag vial Ttaidajtaykig h^ 
fUvfiv, odtv ov OQ^xtov, ovde Aimohqyuov toii 
id/ov To iqyov iml, avvexKdTntiV' xal avvdia^^ti' 
^&v la liifikifAa Tolg pXa^iQolg tov nd&ovq, dXyi, 
pnB^ 6 (pvxiiXfuog ^iog xal r^litqldfig, to Sygtoy irb» 
Xoycat, xal dtptliiv Tr)v dfaigiav, tlra ui^aaoBiftiP 
%al mQitataa&at 16 XQf^aifiov» oStt ydq ecVov, 0% 
jpo^ovfitvoi rd^ fit^ifsiv, ixxiovaiv , ovrt nd&ogf ol 
•dtdi&ttg td tagaxttxov, ivatqovaiv, dlXd xtqavvih' 
QVai. xal ydg xa* ^owv xal utTiiav td Tnj^iJ/Mattt 
*JMM toifg difTiviaafiovg , ov tdg xiviiattg ovdi tdg 
ivtgytiag dtpaiQOvai * xal tolg nddtai dedafiaafii^ 
votg j{f^Ta» xal xttqor^&taiv 6 Xoytofidg, ovx ixvtv- 
^iaag ovdt ixttftbtv navtdnaat trig ^i/jf^ td vni^ 
^tixdv^ 

*T(p aQfiaai ydq mnogf 
£g (fifiai nivHaqog, 

*£v 5* dgdTqfo-flovg. xdngfo 9i povXevovta tpdvov, * 

Kvva xq-^ iXu&vfAOV i^evgetv. 
wv noXv XQriatfiweqa td twv Tta&Stv -d-qifjifAava t^ 
Xoytafi^ avfinagovta xaH avvemttiyovta tatg dQt-^ 
tatg' 6 ^&Vfidg t^ dvdgtitjc fiitgiog Sifv, ri' fnaonovT}" 
^ia tfi dtxaioavvtj, xal ri vifiiatg inl tovg nag d|^ 
fitv tvtvxovvtag, OTav Sfia dvoUf xal v^gtt (pXeyd- 
I46V0I> triv yvxriv imaxiotwg ditovtat^ ifuXiag- de tpi- 
ioaTogyifxv, ^ iftXa¥&qaniag.U90J»r V «^(H^j^^iif 



236 PLVTARCttl 

»ai aw$tXyit¥ 'tvpolag oilii&iv^g , ovds povXdfisvos 
Si^tig anoanaamVf ovd' dtioTfi^BUV. it ds ol t9p 
li^ia T^ i^xofiavia avv$n^dXkovxiq ufiaQTuvov* 
atv, ovdi oi t^v im&Vftlav ^im t^v tpiXaqyvqlaP 
iffe/ovttg naxoQ&ovatv a)i£ dfiOi6v tt TtQdTxovat 
Toig i^ jQ^itv dtd td nqogntdUtv.f ndt th pdlXefv 
Htd t6 ^vnBQJidXXiiv dvatQtAai, nal nQdg td ahtp 
TonaQdnav dtd to dnndttv dmx^&g txovaiv, olov 
yoQ h q>&6yyotg fwvatxij td^ififiBXig ovx dvatQian 
PaQiiTfitog xal o^vtritog, iv di amfjtaatv ia)[Qini^ id 
vyiBtviv., ov ip&oQa &SQfi6tritog xal iffVXQ6tfitog/ 
dlXd avfifiStQiatg ndl noadtriti xQa&ttaoh dntQyd^ 
Sstat, Toioviby iv tffvxfi td vtx&v, iyyBVOfiivijg vfi6 
X6yov talg na&tittxoLig dvvdfita^ xai xtviiaBatv ini-^ 
BixBiag xal fisrQi6tritog. oUmvtt,ydQ Ibixe xal fpXE" 
yfiaivovti amfiatt t6 mQiaXyovv xal nfQixaQig xdl 
nBQUpopov t^g yfvx^g, ov to xaiQov, ovdi td Xvnoh" 
fiBVov , ovdi t6 ipopohfttvov. xai xaXug "OfirjQog, 
(inmv • 

Tov d^ dya&ov ovt oq tQinttai XQ^> ^^^^ ^* 
Xi^v 

TaQpa,—^ 
tov qf6§ov ovx d{pBiUv,dXXa tov dyav (p6^3ov onag 
dvdQBla fifi dn6vota, xal &aQ(aXB6t9ig fiij &Qaav^ 
tijg yitfitai. dt6 xal ttBQl tdg fidovdg, t^v dyav a- 
fpatQBtiov im&Vfiiav,xal mQi titg dfi{fvag,t^vdyav 
§tt0onovriQlav. ovtm yaQ o ftiv ovx dvaXytitog, dXXu 
a^gfQmv* 6 Hi-dixatog, ovx wfid^, ovfi ntxQdg t^au 
t&¥ .di na&S^ navtdnaatr dvaiQBdivtw , kl xa\ 



DETIRTVTE MORALI. 2M 

dvyat^v iaw, h noXloig dQyditQog 6 Xiyog^xal- 
uitpkvttgog, agnsQ xvjieQvritfjg, nvtv^atog iniXiniV" 
tog. TavTa d^ d(iil8i xal ol vofAO&irai avnd^yitg^ 
i/ifiaXlovaiv flg wg nohjBiag xal fpdottfiiav xai 
^Xov nqbg dlXiiljovg. nQ^g da lovg noUfiiovg %al 
aakniYit xa\ avXolg imytiQOvai xal av^vai id ^t^ 
gAOBidig udl fid%ifiov. av yoQ fidpor iv noi^fiaatv' 
(^ ipV^^v ^ nXajm ) Vdy Ttxvijviv xa\ dtr^HQifivifti^ 
vov o ^Mva6X7\nJog %ai vjajAaxuog dnodsixvvat ys^ 
Xolov, dXXd xal ntQltag fidxag j6 nad^riJtxdv xa» 
t^^v^ovaiaidsgdyvn^ajaj^v iaji xal drijjtijov o 
xal jQvg ^toiig "OfifiQog ifinottlv qnriak Joigdv^Q^^ 

*Jlg tinm, — ^finvBva^ fUvag fUya notfUviXaSiv, 
xdi • 

Ovx oy Svsv&B ^tov rdSe fiaiverai* — 
xa^dntQ ^Qfitifia j^ Xoytofi^ xal oxrjfia t6 nd&og 
nQogri^svjag, avjoifg ya fi^y joi/jovg 6q^v iaji, 
noXXdntg fiiv inaivoig joiig viovg naQOQ fi&v jogf 
noXXdxig di vov&taiaig xoXdiovjag' ct>y tiS fiiv tnt^ 
rat t6 ^dta&ai, j$ di j6 Xvntla&at. xal yoQ i) voV' 
^tala xa\ 6 \ft6yog ifinoitl fisjdvotav xal aiaxifvriv, 
w t6 fiiv Xvnri ji§ yivtt,i6 ds q>4pog iaji' xttljoi/^ 
Totg fidXtaja /^i^Tot» nQ6g jag inavoQ&wmg, fi- 
xai jioyivrjig, inatvovfdvov JlXdjtovog' Ti d' Ixct- 
vog {tlmv) ^tt atfiv6v, og joaovtov x^^ov qaXoaom 
g>&v, ovdiva XtXvnrixtv; ov y&Q ovjtiig jdita&^fun* 
Ttt ffairi Tig dv (ng tXtys StvoxQajrig) Xaj}dg tlvM 
^tXoaogiiag, wg to nd&ri j&v viuv, ataxifvfiv,* int" 



232 PLVTARCHI 

&Vfilav, findifOittv, ^iov^v, Xvmir, iptXottfilav * Zt^ 
i/igisXij ical aw^gtov aip^v anjofuvog SXoyog »al o 
vofioq, ilq T^y nQogii%ovoav 6d6v dwaifivtg ua&i^r' 
ai tbv vsov^ Sar$ fii) xax&g %lmlv t^ Aivmva mi— 
day<ay6v, ou noi^asi %dv naida lolg xalo$g ^dsa&a& 
xal Sxd^^ea&m Jo7g aidxgoig, ov fitiiov ov&iv iartv, 
ovds xdlX^ov &fto<pijvai tiXog iXiv^&iqtj^ n^ogfixovaifg 
naiddag^ 



n^OYTJlPXOY 

JTEPI 



2TAAA2. 

li^aXSg fioi doxovatVy w ^^ovvdSive^' notnv qIJjuh 
ygdq>ot, did ^Q^vov xd sgya nglv fj awJsXsJv,, in$^ 
aitonovvjsg* oti jr^v oyftv avjSv dqitajdvjsg,. rfj 
noXXdxtg xgiast notovat xatvi^v, xal fiSXXov ama^ 
fiivTiv jijg nagd fitxgdv dtaq>ogag, ^v dnoxgvntsi t6 
avvsxsg xal j6 aifVfj-Stsg, insl toiwv ovx sojiv av* 
j6v avj^ dtd XQ^^ov ngoasX&sXv x^9 y^vdfitvov, 
xat 9taatfiaavta jijg avvsxsiag j^v aia-&^atp, dXld 
tovj6 ioji j6 fkdXtata notoXfv sxaatav avjov ^av- 
X6tsqov XQttr^y ij sjigmif ^svjtQov Sv fiVfi rd toifg 



DE, COBIBENBA IRA. J^ 

ipilovg ifpoqav tkaxQ^ov^ ml nuqijfliv SfioteK fyfi^ 
voi^ kttvtdv, ov» ti yiguv yiyova tuxp, xai t& <7c5/4tf 
^sXuov r^ x^XqQV%axrfitty,a}Jia %al rdy xq^ov %alxi 
^^o^ ijfiaxoTuiiv, st zi j^^i^aidy o XQ^^oq. tTQoati&ti^ 
lt€v, ^ lav ipavluv a(ffiQ7i%tv. ty(»y oiv iviavt^ 
uiv dgiiyfAivog tlg 'PdifATiv d^VTc^^^ avvcljv (^i ao» /i^- 
yaiovToyft mfimov, i^fjkkv c£ vmxgx^VKav di ti" 
(pvtav dya&Sv inidocuv ytyovivai Toaavtfiv xal av- 
imGiVr oi navv ^avftaatdv ^yovfiai- to ds aipo^ 
^Qdv ixiivo xa». didnVQOV nQdg OQpiv OQUvti fiot 
nqa^v ovta xal x^t-Q^^^^i t^ Xoyiafita ytytvrifkivov, 
iniQxttat nqdg t6v &vfi6v tlntlv • 

Ifl nojtoi, 1} fidXa <J>) fialaxdtttQog' — ^ 
avtii d^ ^ fjialaxdtrjg ovx aQylav, ovdi exXvaiv, dl)^ 
mgntQ ^ xattiQyaafUvfj yij Xtioirita xal pMog ivtq» 
yo» in* tdg nQaSftg cojifijarsv dvtlt^g q>OQvig ixtivfjg 
xal t^g o^vttjtog. ^td xal dijX6v iativ ov naQaxfiji 
vm dt fiXtxiav t6 ^fiotideg, ovds avtOfidt(og dno» 
fiOQtiivdfitvov, dXli vno Xoyiov tiv&v xQflotav &tQa' 
7Uv6fuvov. xaitot ( t6 ydq dXri&ig tlQi}astai TtQ6g 
ai) tavta rifitv^^EQiag aitalQog dnayytXXfov, vno^ 
Tttog ^v, td fi^ nQoadvta y nQinovta 6s nQoattvai 
tolg xttXo7g x^yadotgyHt svvoiav inifiaQXVQttvxai' 
ntQy &g oia-d-a , ovdafi^' m^av6g wv tl 7SQ6i xdQ^v 
iipita&at tov doxovvtog. dXXd vvv ixttvdg ts tiav 
iptvdeftOQtVQtMV d(pstttti,, xal av, tijg odoinoQitt; 
axoXrjv dtdovarig, &^tQ latQtiav ttvd atavtov diiX- 
&s r\fitv, n x^riadfttvog , ovtojg si^vtov xat dnXovp 
isul Tb» X6y(*ji nq^ov xttl vnr^oov inoiria(a t6v d-vfidv. 



i34 PLVTARCHI 

0OTNJJNOS. JEha w ^nonng, cS ngd&vfdd^ 
fOTS SvlXa, ftrj xal avUg ivvolij^ xttl ipikiit^ Tf} ng^ 
flfiSg 7taQ0Qttgji"t&¥ ^fisfigmv.^EQtiTi fuv.ydgoid* 
aif^ noXhkHig sxovzi xatd x^^v iv tff^Ofifjgiitjff 
Ttsiarj fUvovxa t6v &Vfi6v, dXXd ^Qazhs^v vnd^fii^ 
aonoytiQlag , stxdg iati nQttoxiQovg '^ug tfav^vai, 
xa&dnBQ iv ^wyQafifidxinv fuwPoXalg v^xal tivt^ 
ngdg kxbgag vtixag, xa^iv vndxt^v Xafi§dvovai, 

JSTJJi» Ov5ixtQ€t xoifxuv yi/9vsv,t9^0avv9&vs' 
noUi de, wg Uyvi, xaQt^SfABvog rifuv. 

II. 0OTNJ. Kal ftrfV iv yz fUftvtifAS&a Mov^ 
amiov xaXav, sv iaxiv, to 2vXXa, x^, dtiv dBl-^s-* 
Qansvofiivovg pwvv xovg at^ta&ai fiiXXovxag, -ov 
yuQ ag iXXifioQov (o7/ia«) dsi OsQantvaavxa avvsn^ 
fpiQttv T^ voaiifiaxi xov X6yov, dlV ifjtfUvovxa xji 
^vxfi, avvixttv xdg XQiatig xa\ ^vliAaasw. g>aQfid^ 
xoig ydQ ovx lotxsv, dXXd a*xiotg vytttvolg ^ dvwA" 
fitg avtovi fis&* vytiag i^tv ifinotovaa ;!r^aT)}r olg 
iiv yivijxai avvti&i^g- al 9s ngdg dxfidJCovxa Ta nd* 
&ri xai oldovvxa naQOiviaitg xai vov&salat, axoX^ 
usv dviixovat xal fidXtg , avdsvl ds xwv 6aq>Qavxwv 
dta(f>iQovatv, a xovg intXtinxixovg iysiQovxa xetxuni' 
nxovxag, ovx dnaXXdxxti xov voarifiaxog, ofiug de 
xd fiiv alXa xal .naQ Sv dnfidin xcuQdv, dfifoayi^ 
nug vnsixtt, xoit noQitjat fiorj&ovvxa X6yov s^to&sv 
tig x^v yrvxriv i Hi &vfiag ovx, n qnjatv 6 MtXdv* 
&tog' 

Td dnrd nQdaast xdg tpQivag fuxoixiaag, ' 
aX£ iSoMcfoflv TtiU^ xal dnoxXtiaag, wgntQ oi avv* 



DE. COUIBENDA IRA. ^235 

ffimjt^vreg iuvro^g ratg olidatg, ndvta ^agmxrfg 
xaVxcatyov xal iff6(ipov (itaTti nout Ta ivtdg , waiB 
^i^t idBiy i»^t . mtovaai ^m inpfXoipKoy, di6 fiul" 
lov ^t> ;)ff ifiwyi »al itikdyii vavg Bfff}(iog dvaXriif/srat 
xvfirgrqifiv tl^(»&tv,f ij ngoadiittai X4yov'uXX6mov 
av&ifwtog iv &Vfi$ xal.6(^y^aaXiV(av, dv fiti naQ§» 
axevaaftivov sxjl ^^'^ oixiiov Xoyiafi6v. ^dXX' SgniQ 
61 noUoqxiav nQOadtx6ftevoi avvdyovat xa\ nagajir 
^errat td XQrioifta, ^dg l$&i^<y iXnidag dn^yvmx6' 
tsg, ovta fidXiata dti td ng6g tdv ^Vftov Poti^" 
fiata n6^^m&tv Xaftpdvovtag ix <piXoao(piag, xaTO- 
xofii^iv fig TiJF ipvx^v * ^, otav 6 tI^c /^cmx? wpi^ 
xf}tainat^g, ft^ ^ditag naQtiadytiv dvvrjaofiivovg^ 
ovds ydq dxovti twv ixt6g ^ iffvx^ didtdv^^gvftov, 
av /i^ xa&dntQ xsXtvatrjv svdoStv txu tdv avitjg 
X6yov d^ag dtx6fUvov, xal avvisvta toiv nagayytX" 
XofjtdvKy sxaatov dxoiaaaa ds, wv ftiv ^ifta xal 
n^iag Xtyofiivwv xata(pQovtl, ngog di toiig iviata^ 
ftivovg tQaxvtegov igtO^ttai, xal ydg Atne(frffpavog 
xal av&ddng ^^^ oX(og vtp itiqov 6 &vfi6g dvaxivti* 
tog onf, wgntg oxvgd tvgayvlg, i^ kavtljg txeti^f oipti^ 
Xu avvotxov xat avyytveg t6 xataXvov, 

III. *///u«y ovv avvixeta tijg OQyrjg, xat t^.ngog' 
xQOvtiv noXXdxig, tfiv ifinottl novtiQdvtfj yfvxfj, n^ 
0QyiX6trita xaXovatv, tig dxQOXoXiav xai mxgiav 
xal 9vaxoXiav ttXtiTf&aav, otav Uxiudj}; xal fitxg6^ 
Xvnog 6 SvfAogyivtitaixal (piXaitiogvn6 tdv tvx6v'- 
t(ov, &g aidriQog Xtnt6g nal da&tvf]g dvaxagaaa^fit' 
vog* ri di naQaxQrjfta talg ogyatg iviatafdv^ xa\ 



236 PtyXARCHr 

^iiiovaa KQiaig, ov j6 Jta^dv latm f»6vtr, SlXd' xeA 
nt^g v6 Xomdw ivioifov noist naldvaiia-dy Tt}r ipv» 
Ziiv. tfioty ovv awififj dlg ^ jQlg haxdvti n^ds 
QQ/fiv, fd jav OtiPdiav na&stv, o% t6 n^xev Sad- 
fjavoi jianBdaiftoviovg^ dfjttriJovg sJvai donovvtag, 
c\i9iiduv vatigov rittrfirfaav vn aix&v (lAxfiv^ipqA^ 
prjfia yaq ^a^ov, wg ugatsiv iaxi t^ Xoyiaft^. kdi^p 
di ov fiivov y^vxQov teataaissdavvvfiivov Xrjyovaav 
v^yrjv, mgldgiatotiXrig lai^rinw , dXXa rtal tpSpov 
nqoaaxd^ivtog OTtoaliivvvfiivrjv * xal v^ Jia xagSt; 
imyevoftivrig d<pva, xad-* "Oftrjgov, Idvdrj xalxhsxv' 
&ri noXXoig <> &Vfi6g. iogt9 fioi noQhrato, fi^ nav- 
rtX^ dporj&rjtov tlvqi to^ig yn fiovXofiivoig t6 nd- 
&og. ovde ydq dgxdg ezu fifydXag du xat iaxvgdg, 
akXd 9tat an&fifia nal naidtdf Kal t6 yiXdaai tivd 
wl t6 diavivaat, nal noXXii toiavja, noXXovg stg 
oqyrjv rta&latfjaiv* SgneQ ^ '£Xivrj r^v.d6fXq>id^v 
nQoaayoQsiiaaaa ' 

Hag&ivs fianghv 8fj fitjxog ^HXixtga XR^^^^9 
nagdl^vviv htuIv* 

^Okfti ye qtgovug ev, t6tB Xtnova^ aiaxgSg d6fiovg. 
ual tdv 'AXi^avdgov 6 KaXXia&ivrjg, Blnoiv, tijg jVff- 
yuXrjg xvXtxog^ mgiipfgofiivrjg' Ov fioiXofia$ m&v 
UXe^dvdgov 'daxXfjmov dsia&ai. 

.IV. Kaddnsg ovy ti}v <pX6ya dgiil Xay&atg 
dvantofiivrjv xal &gvaXXlat xal avgipml, fddtdv 
iativ imaxsiv * idv d* intXdflrjtak t&v ottgB&v *al 
fid&og ix6vt(av, taxv dti<p&Hg9 xal avvetXev v^- 
l^v rjpdaaau ttm^vm nivovi Sg frjaiv Jiax^log * 



DK COHiBENDA IRA. 23? 

Mgdif iH tivog XaXiag koI fiwfioXoxUibs avgtpniodovi 
6q&v Kan>iiayTa nal dtaxai6fitvov, ov fitydXTig dii' 
Tffi ngayfiaulag, dXXfi noXXdMig avj^ tw amTtijaat 
xal uatafitX^aai Majinavas. Hot yuQ j6 nvf^ 6 fi^ 
naqaciXfAt ^Xrj^v, tafieat, xal o^/^y, 6 ftij ^giiffag iv 
aqxfi 3<<x» fiii fpvai^aag lavihv, ifpvXu^axo nnl xadcS- 
Xi9, -ouH rff^OHiv ovv fioi, Hainsq aXXa xifriaifia Xi* 
yw Hoi nagatvav o ^lsgdivvfiog , iv olg ov ^at yv» 
9Vjihffig, dXXd ^sysvijfiivijg xal ovarig ata&riaiv 6q* 
jn^ uvai dtd z6 tdxog* ov&iv ydq ovzia xZv na^&v 
avXXtyofisvov hoI dtaHtHovfitvov (xh i^v yivHftv 
ifi^av^ na\ Tijy at;|qaiy. &g dij nal "Ofirigog ip.nti" 
qtag diddoHtt, XvTn^^ivia fiiv tv&ilg itaitpvrig noi&v 
j6vUx^^^ "^o^ ^yov nQoama6vTogfiv oig Xiyn* 

, ^Jlg qnujo * t6v 6* axsog viq>iXri iHdXvipt fiiXaiva* ^ 
&vfioijitvov diflgadioig Ta liyafiifivovt, Hal didXd^ 
yw noXXav iHHai6fuvov^ ovg c* ng vq>uXtv avz^ 
iv iqxi Mal littHdilvatv., ovh av laxsv ai^atv j Jia- 
q>0Qd jijXiHavjriv nal fiiyi^og, o&sv 6 ^mqdjrig 
oaaHtg c^a&otjo luvovfdvov zqaxvJSQOv c&jov ng^s 
Tiya j&v iphav, 

J2g6 HVfiotog &g xiva novjiav aHgav gsXk^fiSvoi^ 
ivBdidov TS jji (jpioyfi, Httl dttfitidia ju nqoa^nof, 
taih J6 fiXififta Ttgtjfixegov nuQtJxt, j^ finitv ml^M' 
ttga xal nffOf jovvavjiov ivjtHtvtia^ai j^ n.d&u^ 
ikaq>yXdTJm kavj6v dm&ta nat a^Ti^Toy. 

y. ^MaJi ydg Jig,. iijaiQe, ngoiJri Ha&dmq tv- 
^i^ift^v mtdXwfti %ov &vfiovp^r[ nti^ta&ut, /i^&/ 



238 PLVTARCHl 

vJtaKoluy nQoaTdtrovtog.avtov fiiya pottv vtal Sew 
v6v fiXineiv,. xul uontHv eavtov, aiUl* riavxu^eiv, 
xal fiij aweTiiTdvetv, wgneQ pdefiifia, (intaaft^ xal 
dta^ofiaet rdnd&og. al fih ydg iqmtxal ngd^eig, 
olov intxtafjidaai xal- adai xal athq^av&aat ^ugav, 
txovatv dfitoayiniog^ novffuafAdv ovx axagtv oidi ar« 
ftovaov ' 

^lBl&eaivd^ oix ifldijaa, tlgilitlvog, dl£'if^ih}aot 
T*i^vqiXti\v, ^eX toW lar' ddlx^fi ddtxS. 
ai te tdig nev&ovatv iq>eaetg. tov dhoxXaUrai xak 
dnodv>Qaa&at^ noXv ti t^g Xlnijg. Sfta ta daxj^vJta 
avve^yovatv^ 6 Ss ^vftdg. ixqtni^tat ftaXXov o\i 
nqdnovat xa\ Xiypvatv oi iv avt^xa^^tatateg, cl* 
tqefuiv ovv xQdtiatov tf' qtevyetv xal dnoxqhiteii^ 
xaV'Xa^OQftly£tv kavtbv ug, riavxiav , . SgneQiniXij' 
tf/lag dQXOfjtivfig.awata&avojjtivavg,iva^fi^';nia6ifiev, 
fidXXov de intniaenfuv intnintofiev di ye totg (f£^ 
Xotg fidXtatd*te xaVnletatdxtg, ov ynQ ndvttav eQC^ 
fievp ovBe naat qy^d^ovotffiev,, ovSe ndvtag (pol$6vfjte- 
&ai &vfi^ di d&txtov ovSe^,, oAS* dventxeiQiftov* 
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xal dipvj^tg^axeveatv" &g oOdfiVQt^,. 

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^'^o^4l^fjtnep> httatoXdg* 'kB»(ktqi6m ov(ti^ 



DB COHIBENDA IBA. 239 

dvaxaitgydaTOvgj d di fiij, jtftattf qiipa aiavrov itg 
ttiv •&aXaaaon^' noXXdyd^ iaii tot ^VfAOV ifopBqn, 
noXXd di %a\ ytXoia* d^d xal fAtoHiat xal xo(ro<y>^o- 
vutatfidXiatai&r' na^im dfiq>6vfffa d' iaxiipdat 

^QTfilfiOV. 

VI. '£/« y/ avv^ bI fiiv ogdwg ovh olda, tout)/» 
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yov TjJ*' o^yfiv iv ktiqotg» nal nQ&tov fiiv,,p tffiatv 
'ih7iox^oTi2;.;ifoilc}io}Tor^y' tlvat.v6aov^ iv ^ tou vo^ 
ooxwtog. dvofioidtaTov avj^ yivttai t6 ng6at»nov * 
ovjtog oi^v vn ogytjg.i^iatafAivovg.fidXiaja xorjuc- 
laStiXXovtag, OifJiAy, XQ^^ » fiddiofia, q>tav^V', otov h- 
x6va Tou nd&ovg.dntfiaTt6fi7iv oifiavjt^) ndvv dvgxt" 
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ovrfidvov idsiv ayf^og. xa\ dawiidrig, dXXn xm qxa- 
yriv- dnrivii xal tQa^naV' dtpnig-" &gmq kttQotg. ttav 
awn^tav ivttvyxavovi ovx fi^og, ,ovfiogq>iiVi ovX6' 
^v xd^v,, oVitd m&avov xal nQoafivig iv SfitXln 
dvvafiivotg wtogy^ dtaqtvXdttHV* Valk^fiiv ovv 
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^ trfv tpfitv^v ol agfiovixol- axoXfj in dfitpdtsQa l^id 
tSnf t6vnv ayovtH.' xo^Ta&ro ^ooy wxittig. avjoi 
Uyortog^oma&iv iatiig^ ivtdidov t&vov.iwix^ xo^ 
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24t) PLrXAKCHl 

to ^V(ux6r wpi^i tij^ (p^f^v^k SgnsQ o Tc5y fiov^ 

*-^ uriQSnXounog OTtD/^it 
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im&ikyoiy aeeri »a^tatd$ t^v •ogyriv tov (^togog^, 
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kiyovaiv ol naiiovttg avkovaav , vn6 tov aatVQOV 
vov9st8'ia&a$, xal firj nQoasxsw 

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^ti^s, xml tov nQoo^nov xatsn6afirias xal djtixQV^ 
y/strjv dvsifiaXlav^ ^ . 

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■atv, 
rj di oQy^, tpva&a» ttvi 9t§nsivovaa t^ nQ^assnov 
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0£ COHIBENDA IRA. ^i 

trjv fiey ydg ^dXaaaar, Stav ixiagax&itaa xolg 
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Tog, £g q>tiatv 6 JlXdt<av, Xdyov, paqvtaJiiv ^^fUav 
%ivovaiv, ixd^qol xal xaxoX6yoh xal xaxori^Hg Jo- 
^ovvTtg ilvat* 

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nHpvXdxdat yXwaaav fiaxf/vXdxjav, 

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D^ CUH4BPNDA IJRA. 243, 

yoff ifupcfyig, w« -Bf^^^Jofpy * ^Stii^ix joy XvnaiM 

iianoTuftiKf^. 

mi' 

rns-^Vft^ii^Mo^ ik tnv iivi^miiiTiv ovk cv f^nt^p* 
niji^vanjh, ^ f^kV qudQia nutct %aUm tiitdiimoQvv^ 

£8- td d iv y^vx^ aiTJoak.mjd ■&vfAav t^amfiv (^. 

VJf^y^ k^vfii» (S<|«f^ nl'^a WX4 T({iravv «a^v^mc ^* 

7U4e{^(M «^ W^^^r^f^jw»»*»* av Tntvw ^4 4**f<^* «« 
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(umv) ov nofg^ti^ no& sgajt^fiMrot xHMug igtite 
tiuttq; ^Aqm^lmvoq ds tov 'Agatov tdptpUutJtop dt* 
maxfas iiyoptoc, mu qavyiip nagaipovptog 
' r2a6wt tovg uq^xifta* ol ovx uraai ^llatnop * 
fltd niag ip Maiudopla gmPtPtog, £opto dup oi cpl- 
i.otf xolAinu xo* fiirj nfQti^HP - 6 di 0Uinnog iptv- 
/up avr^t q>dapd-QAn6»s , xou ^i^ xal dm^ nifi^ 
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uTTayyiHoi n^g tovg '£XlifPag * mg di ndwttg i/jutg^ 
xvQOVP, ijfcupctriP aviov ytyopipai top updQa d^av- 
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xaxutg ndax^i s Kakd di xal iltiaiatgdtov xtk 
n(t6g ^Qaav{iovh>p, xallloqaiiva td Tig^g Moifxiop, 
xai Mdya td nqog 0iXrifAOPa. d^fioai^ ydg vn. ai^ 
tOv xbtfjKodfi^iig ip '&tdxg*a * 

JIuQttJov fiaauiwg ygdftftata f{xti aoi Mdya, . 

Mdy.a xax6daifiov yQuufiottU ovx iTtiataaai: - 
hipwp vnb ziif*^yog ftg IIagan6p*op iJ^Ptx^^a, 
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tov tgaxiilov fiopop, iitu xoaftUag dml&siP * dgga' 
yalovg di xdi aqftugap vg natdagif^ povp ovx ^ov^ ' 
tt ngodJtifHffag dif^xt. JZtolBfAdiogdiygaf$itatiXQp. 



DE CX3HIBENDA JBA. 245 

tU vfiadlav htiayt&jnwy riqmfiat, tk 6 tov Ilfj^ 
Xititg TrofTjJ^ ^V naxftpos* ^Av fsv ngottgoy ttniis 
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El fAvi t6 qtiQttv (tffifi) ax(ont6fitrov , ovdi to oxch 
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tov ;; xal Jltagog aXo ifg, nagtxdXnir ;gffiaaa^at.lSai- 
aiXtxwg (XVT^* xor« nv^ofiivov, fiiitmXior' *Ev 
Tfc» fiaatXinStg (sgpi?) ndvta tvtau, dio ftal twv-dmv 
t6v (SaatXia fittXlxtov, Iddfivmot di ftaifidxtfjv, ol-^ 
fiaifXaXotiai» t6 di xoXaattu^v, igtvw&dtg xal$at^ 
ftovtxdv, ov d.tXov 5i ovdi oXvfiniov, > 

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t6v \^vfi6v' lAvaTQitfjut fiiv dvvaaat, xa» diatp&tt'- 
gai xal xatapaXiiv , uvaat^aai di xal a&aat , xal 
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' ^'i ^t^^cfy ittvt&v, ngoxatanintovta tov tiXiovfi 



246 PLVTARCai 

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.^vf dtiomrtig, im^ 'oSr<«* t/f^w n^^ «1» nttilAk 

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dtatgtfi^v, wt fiiXXriatv ixXifovaav, r} ts xgiatg sv^ 
giaxit xal'.tg6nov ngirtovta xal ftiys&og agji6ttov 
uoXda9ug>' %tt di, ovx vnoXsinstat ng6tfaatg r^ Si» 
d6vtt dixipf dvttisivstf ngdg trjv intxv^g&oaatv, uv 
149 xat dgy^v, diX ^tXtyx&sig xoXd^ritat, t6 di at- 
axtatov ov ng6atatt, tpaivta&at dixatouga toff ^e* 
onotov Xiyovia tov otxitriv, wgnsg ovv 6 ^mxitav 
fitl» w Ui^v^gov tiXtvtriv ovx iiav ngos^vigtt^ 



DE COHffitNDA IRA. 243 

^f^at tovg ^Ai^tjvcciovg, ovde tax^ mfrtiwiv* El a^- 
usQOV-t {slmv) avdgsg IddTivaloi, ti&vfiKS, xal at- 
^iov satat x:xl flg jqIitjv tt&vijxdtg' ovwg olfiat 
iuv vnopdXXstv saviM tdv anBvdovra dt ogy^v inl 
ti/V tificaglav' JEl arifjsQOV oviog ridUtiffe , xal av^ 
giov satai xul slg tQlTfjv ^Jtxijxeu^* xal dsivdv ov* 
dsv, tl dtaast d/x#;v ^quSiov, aX^ ti taxv na&cav, 
dtl <pavsiiat fi-^ udixiov * onsQ i}dt} avfji^s^rixe noX" 
• Xdxig, tig yuQ ^fiiav ovTa dsivog iotiv, wats ito?,d» 
^iv xal fAuatiyovv dovXov, on nifinitjv f} dtxditiv 
fiftigav nQoqixavas. toviftov, t} xati^aXe tr^v tQune^ 
^v, f\ I^Qddiov vnrixovas; xal ^r}y tnvt iatlv iq» 
olg iv&vg ysvofiivoig xul nQoacpdtoig ovai, taQatt6^ 
fii&a, xal nixQwg xal unuQunrixtog tj^ofisv. mg yuQ 
dt ofilxXfig td avifiutu, xul dt OQpjg td nQdyfnata 
fktiiova qtuivttui^ dio dtl taxv avftfiVfjfwvtvttv tdv 
6fuU(av, xul toi) nd&ovg ^^dtv ovta uvvn6nt<ag, 
av xa&aQM tc[> Xoyiafifa xal xa^satbm (paivf}tat 
fiox&fiQdv, intatQaff^vat, xal fi^ nQoia&ai totsfifjd* 
u(ptivat tviv x6Xaaiv, wgnsQ. aitiov, dvoQixtovg ys^ 
yovotag, ovdiv yuiQ ovtiog aVtt6v iati toD nuQOV- 
ofig OQyijg xoXd^tiv, wg to nuvaufiivfig fijj xoXdSstv, 
dX)^ ixXtXva^atfXal tavtdv nsnov&ivat totg dgyoig 
xionfiXdtaig, o? yaXrivijg OQfiovaiv, slta xtvdvvtifov' 
qtv dvifu^ nXiovteg, xal ydg ^fitlg tov Xoyuifio^ 
xateyv(ax6teg dtoviav xal fiuXaxiav iv t^ xoXdieiv, 
anevdofiev naQ6vtt t^ &vfifrt, xu&dntQ nveifiatt 
naQafl6Xia, tQocpfi fiiv yuQ 6 nstviov xatd q>iatv 
ZQVah ttumQi^ is 6 /iij neivwv fttide dtipuv avi^g' 



250 PLVTARCHI 

(iflSi &a7nQ oipov nQ^g j6 xqldaai tov ^vfioC <dc(U 
fAsvog, a^ ota¥ TtOQ^maTta toy ogiysa&at ^«Vfjra», 
nqoaaytav tdv loyiaiAoy dya/xaiag^ ov ynQ^ &g 14-^ 
Qtatoiilrig iatOQii, xar aitdp iv Tvgfiipitf fiaait- 
yova^ai tovgoixitag Ttgdg av}.&v,o vtoa nQog ^dov^v 
Sii xa&dnsQ dnoXavafiatog OQi^t, tijg tigAaiQidg i(Mr 
tpOQHad-ai xal xaiQSiy xoXd^ovtag, eita futavouv * 
&v t6 liiv, &fiQiiadsg, t& di, yvvaiuo}dig* dXXd Tcal 
XifTtfig xal ^dovijg x^Q^S» i^ tcS jov toyiafiov XQ^^ 
Ti)y ^infpf ^oXdJiia9ai, ^r} vnoXiinovta t^ &vfiiS 
itgdcpaaiv. 

XIL Avtrf fjiiv ovv lauig ovx OQyfjg latQtla qia^ 
vtitai, dtdjtQOvaig di xal q^vXaxrj tZv iv OQy^ ttvog 
dftttQti]fAdT(av. xaitoi xal anXfivdg otdfifia, alfinroi' 
fia fiiv iati nvQstov, nQuvvofisyov di, xowplSst jov 
nVQndv, mg (pfiatv'liQmvfiog, dXi avtrig yt t^i 
oQyrig dva&S(OQC)v'triv yivtatv,SXXovg vn dXX(av i«- 
Ti&v ifinintovtag dg avtijv kdiQbiv, oig intuxmg una^ 
ai dd^a toXf xata^pQOVtta&at xa« dfitXsta^at noQa^ 
ylvitat, 5t6 xal xotg naQattovfiivotg ogyriv, dcX 
pOfi&iiv noQ^ditdtta t^v nQa^tv oXt^tOQiag dndyov^ 
tag xal d'Qaavtfjtog, iig avoiaV,,4i dvdyxfiv, ^ srd- 
^og, fl ^vdtvxiav , ttd^fiivovg* &g ^oq>oxXfjg' 
Um ov yaQ, & "va^, ovJ' og Sv fiXaatj (tivn 
* T^ovg tolg xotx^ nQdfaatv, dX^ i^taiat, 
ftal T^i; JBQtaritdog t^ dipaiQiatv %tg t^v^Atv^v dva" 
<piQtav 6 *Ayafiifivvnf, Sfiug, 

A^ i&iXst dQiaat, ddfiwat t dmQtiai dnctvai 
na\ yuQ t& 9ua&a$, toi fi^ xata^pQpvpvvtog intt. 



. DE COHIBENDA IRA. 261 

nal ranfivd^ (partlf 6 adM^qas Slvat t^if 79js oiU- 
yfaqla^ d6S<*v* ov d^i ^£ tet^iha Tif^ifiivuv t6v o^/f- 
i/ifisvov, «Aifi fi«Ou /imyirovg* Omol aov xam» 
fhima ty, oi Ji6yiv^\^Myiii ^^ oi xajaytlSffWi' 
loftjSdvitv kavtiit , nai 7iaTaq>QOvs7a&ai /u») vofiiiiiv, 
dXXa fAoXXov Ixdvov Hajaq^QOvitv, wg ^' dadivHax, 
^ nlii/MfiiUiav, ^ ^r^OTrsTcio»', ^'q^&vfilav, { cJyf- 
ItydBQiav, fi y^Q€ig, rji vsdiTira, TdijfifiiXovvtog^ oi- 
Mitais ^i xa» ^/Aoi^ a^CTfiW .^o tomvto navTdna- 
Oiv, ov yag wg dHvvdtwiv, ovd^ &g da^Httav, dklti 
di imtUuay ?} di.ivvoiav, oi.fASv &g xQ^^^t^, o^ 
de &g (pilovvtm xatoupQoyovai', vvvl di ov fi6t'0v 
Ttgog^ yvvaixa nal ^ovXovg wxl q>Uovg, w^ xatag^QO^ 
vqvfievoi, tQaxifog txofitv, dXXd xal navdoxtXfai xal. 
raptaig xal OQ/ttaxofifOig fu^ifovat-i noXXdxi^ vn oq* 
yijg avfinintofitv, oUfuvo^ xaxatpQovtMd^at, xa} 
uvalv vXaxtovai, xat ovgtg ifi^dXXovai x«Xtnaivor 
fitv • &g ixtivog 6 fiopX6fi$vog thnrtnv tov ovffXat^v 
ilt dvaxQoyovtog, oti l4drivai6g tifit *' 2v ftiv ovx 
tllid^alog, tdv ovov Xiytav ^vmt, xulnoXXdg 
iytip6Qti TrXriydg. 

XIII. Kai fiiv tdg ya avvtxtlg Tial Ttvxvitg xal 
xatd itixQov iv t^ tftvxfi avXXiyofii>ac OQydg, fjtdXiga 
g>tXavtia xa» dvaxoXia fittd tQWp^g xal fiaXaxlitg, 
olov afi%pog i^ .h(pf^ai' rifjuv ivtixtovat. di6 fiuCov 
ovdiy tvxoXlag xal d(psXtiag if6dtov tig Tr^ckijTa 
nQ^g olxitag xaXyvvaixa xtHtpiXovg, ri$ divafiir<tt 
avfiq>iQMa&ai tot^ naQOvai, nait fA^ dtoftivtj^ noXX&v 
Kol ntQittW 






PLVT ARGHr 



*0 y ovt Syav oTttoiatv, ovS^ bq>&o7g Syav, 
Ov&^ ritrov, ovte fiulXov, ovis did fiiaov 
'liQtVfxivotai X^h^^» ^^ iitdtviatu, 
Xiovog di git) nagovaij^, oJh ojf Ttidtv, ovts uqtov i^ 
uyoQtig (payutv, ovde oipov ysvadfUVOQ iv ItTolq 7} 
xeQitfiBoTg aniveatv, ovds xotfifj&ilg inl arQODfivrjg fi^ 
oidoi/aijc, wamQ xf-ahxttijg did fid&ovg xfxtvfifiivrjg' 
qdSdoig de uai nXijyixig todg neQt tQdm^av vTTtjQi- 
rui irittaxvvoiv fntd dQOfjtov xo* /SoTjg xdl IdQu^tog, 
viansQ ipXsyfiOvav xataitXdafiata nofjilCovtag,^ uaOe" 
v%i xa\ (ptXattUa %a\ fjtsfjnpifioigw dovXsvav dtalttj, 
Ka&djtSQ vn6 ^iJX^g ivdsXtxovg, «7 nQoaxQOvafidtoiv 
noXX&v, eXa&sv kXxfodri xai xcitaQQo'ix^v dtd^taiv 
niQt t6 d-vfjioetdig dftSQyaadfUvog* i&tatiov ovv io 
aSifta dt svteXsiag nQog svxoXiav, avtaQxig iavioj 
ytv6fJtevov oi yaQ oXiytav dedftsvot, noXXSiv ovx m- 
notvyxdvovat' xa\ duv6v oiidev, aQ^afiivovc dnd 
ti}g tQOip^g, ai<on}j XQfjaaa^at roig naQatvyxdvova&, 
xai fiij TtoXXd yoXovfiipovg xal dvaxoXaivovtag, dteQ' 
Ttiatatov Si/jov ifji^aXilv kavtoTg xal qtiXoig t^v oq- 

d6gmo'v d* ovx av ntog dxaQiauQov SXXo yivoito 
$td hQoaxavaiv ij xajtvdv, ^ dXStv evdetav, ^ y^vj^Q^- 
teQOV uQtov, oixsto)v tvntofievm,xa\ XotHoQovfjtivr^^ 
yvvatx6g, *AQxsatXdov de fjtstd ^ivav tivSiv lariuiV' 
tog toiig <piXovg,naneti&ri tb dilnvov agtot diovh 
fjaav , dfieXfjadvtm nQiaa&at tSiv naidtav, <V V 
tig ovx dv rjfimv dtiatrjae toig toixovg xexQay&g; & 
^ ftetdtdaag' dt6v iattv (}kprf)t6 avftnotixdv elvas 



DE COHIBENDA IRA. 253 

r&v aog>6y* tov di ^(axqdtovs iie naXf^iarqag nttqa'- 
Xa86vtog i6v £v^v5rj(40V , ^ Aav^innTj fisi ogyijg 
imartxaa xal Xoidogriaoiaa^ tiXog dvdrg^yfs T^y tgd' 
TTsfay* ds Ev&vSrifAog i^vaatdg dn^u nfgikv^ 
nog y£v6fiivog' nal 62^(oxQdtfjg* Uagdaol di{timif) 
ov ngdnjv oQVtg ttg nantaaa tavto tovto inoitiasv; 
r\[iiig d* ovH ^yavaxtriaaiiiv, dsi ytx^ avv iVxoUa 
xal yiXtatt xal q>iXoq>Qoavvrj tovg (piXovg dixiaOah 
^ri T»^ 6(f>qvg ovvdyovtag, fjnjdi qiQixf^v xa\ tg^fAOV 
ifipdXXovtag tdig vnfjQStovatv. i&tatiov ds xal 
axiviaiv Bvx6X(ag ofnXitv anaat, xal (i^ tmds fjiuXXov 
ri tofds xQ^iad^oit * xa&dmg IV>o» noXXwv nagovttiv, 
tv i^sXofisvqt xav-&dQtov , , &g Mdgtov iatoqovat, ^ 
QVtov ovx av 6tiQ(a nioiBV ovtco di xal ngog Xri- 
xv&ovg IJfOt'(Ji>', xal ngog atXsyyidag, uyanwvtsg ix 
naawv fiiav ilta otav avvtQiPy tt tovt(av, ridzio^ 
Xr^tatf PaQi(ag (pigovat xal xoXdiovat, d(psxtiov ovv 
tb) ngog OQy^v (pavXiag Bxovtt xal tiov anavioiv xal 
nsQittuv, oiov ixnoiftdtoiv *al a(pQayiS(av xa« Xi&tav 
noXvtsXiav i^airiat ydg dnoXXvfisva fxaXXov tav 
fvnoQiat(av xal avvrid(av. Stoxal tov ]S'iQ(avog uxtd- 
yvavov ttva axrjvnv vnsQ(pvig xdXXti xal noXvtsXiiit 
&safiaxataaxsvdaavtog' "HXsyw {t<pfi 6 ^tvixag) 
nivrjta asavtov; Idv ydg tavtriv dnoXiarjg, HiQav 
ov xtrfiji toiavtriv,^ xal fiivtot xal avvinsas, tov 
n)j)lov xatttdvvtog, dj9oXia&a^ t^v axrivr\v. 6 di 
T^SQotv dvafivrjq&ilg tov ^ivixa , fistQuatSQov ^M/- 
xiv. -§ Ss nQog td ngdyfiata tvxoXia, xal ngbg oU 
xitug tvxoXov nonl xal nQ^ov ti p$ ngdg ohtitugg 



254 PLVT.ABCHI 

* 

Sijlor Sn TCttl Ttf^g qjlovg »^1 ngdg oQxofJidrQvg, 
Sgfaftsy <K xtii dovkovg vionfiirovg nfQl Toi; nguxfii^ 
vov nvif&avo/iivt^vg, oSxil duaidaifiav, odS^* *i 
q>&oveg6g^, clX£ cl dvfi&di^g' xal oXtag avv ^yfi, 
fifldi aoiq^goirvvfiv uvdQog yvpuix&v, fitidi fi^aaA 
yvvaixag dvdg&v vnofidvuv ^vvafdvag , ftri^ avvtir- 
xhiUxv dXXtiloiv ifilovg, ovTog ovu ydfiog ovts <]p<> 
Xia fjiij ogy^g dvBXtdv, dXld x^^tg oQyijg %al fuihf 
xovxpdv iaxtv. S ydq xov •&sotl vdQ&rfS, Ikavdg xo^ 
Xaat^g tqv fis&ifovTog, av ftrj nQO^yiv^fnyog 6 StM 
fAog &fiijaT^ xal ftatvdX^v dvtl Xvaio%f xtu yogtiov 
noifiaij jbv akgaxov na} tijv piaviav 00^) ^<x^* 
avtriv { dviiitvget ^gamvit, fitx&ttaa ds dgy^, 
rgayfal^iag notzt %a\ ftif&ovg, 

XIV. M de fiiftt naiQivtag avt^ dti^vttitd" 
nov, ^&garyttQ indy^t t^ (piXotpQoaivif' /U4}Te»of> 
voXoyovfiivovg^ fftXovBtxiav ydq ix q>^oioyiag dnt^ 
ydSttat' fi^tB diitdSbvtagf ifjfgiv ydg Tjf gavaia 
npoati&iiaf fiiftB natifivovtag , dd.vfiiav ynq ift^ 
nom xai fitaoXoyiav * fii^tB titvxolvtag, cii^i ydq 
r6v q>&6vov ff^ta 9vatvxol5vtag , dqaigi7 ydq tov 
iXsov, otav dvaxoXaivioat noi fidxiovtai tolg awa» 
X^ofiivotg, &g 6 IZqimfiog' 

'iqqitB Xjuifitjtfiqeg iXsyxieg* o^ yv *«* vfiiv 
'iJoT* y6og, ott ft ^jX&etB xii^aovtigf 
n 5^ ivxoXia toTg ftiv ftofi&ii, td 9* imxoa(iBt, td 
ds avvfidi/vtt' mqtyivBtat ^ r/; 7tqq6tfitt, xal &v» 
uolf xal dvaxoXiag andqiig' Santq HvxlBidfig, te9 
dhXtfo^ wqi^ avt6v i» 9$aqfoq&g dndvtog' ^tnoXU- 



I)E eOHIBENDA IRA, 255 

M^iTiP , il (ji^ aM mlaaifn, diitgs^ naQaxgtiiia xal 
ji«T«^xe. JTMfMP di, XoidoQ^VTog aixbv av&gdH 
9E»i; xftloU^ov nal n^Ql axpqaylha nolvxtkiq vo- 
aovvtog, amxqlvojo (ikv ovdiv, mv a^gayidimf Si 
kvi ngoatix^ ^dv va^^P, xal xat ffidv&avsvr ria&$U 
o§y 6 Sv&QWto^' M^ otTO)^ [tlmv) i JtloXifiOiv, 
€tl£ vjs aviytig 0€&, xffil nolv aot fisKrtov (pavnxat, 
6 ^*^Aghnnmg^ ogytjg avr^ nq6gMaxivtiv ytvofii* 
Ttfs^ 9ud %vvog un^vTog" ^U^iaxmm, nov vfmv ^ 
^qfdUttf Xot&s^dfh {(fpfialv) iym dk avx^v iysQ&' xdl 
fy Alaxlvfi ngoasX&t^v (Intv Ooxeag aoi doxoi nav' 
rttnaatP ^ivjp^ t4$ elvat leori av^xtaxog, &axB fii) 
T0v9taiag xvxiiv; 6 d* Alaxivrig* Ovdiv (Iqpi?) 
^avfiaaxdv, d ngdg ndvxa t^ q>ifati fiov diatpigm, 
it^irtav&a ta diov ng^xtgog avvtWtg. 

JSJttl ydg xdngov tpgiSavx^v ov fi6vov yvvri, 
Jlalg d^ av vtoyvbg x^igl ngoaxjiTi&(av vin, 
XUvat naloitaxot navxog ivfiagiaxtgov* 
Sk^ iiuiig ayotaivovxa xt&aaatifofitv («5« xsxl ngaiJ-^ 
vafuv, Ivxii^ig xal ax^fivovg Xt6vtoiv iv rcug dyxd' 
jMtg mgupigovrtg, tlxa xal xixva xal <pilovg xal 
aw:i&^ig ixfidllofitv in ogy^g' otxixaig ds xalno- 
Xijmg tiiry^vfidv Santg ^giov itplbfitv * ov xaXS^g 
tnottQQt^dfiMyat fitaonovfigiuy , ui£ i^antg, iHfiOi,^ 
ti^p Wkliov naS:Sv vv;r^ ^"^ voarjfidxGiv , t6 fiiv 
n^o^, id d^ ihv^tgtdiijxa, td 6* tiaifiuav xa^ 
l^vrttg, ai$%v6g dmikkayiivai ^vvdfit9a, 
* ' XT. JCHtTOAy xa&dntg ^ ZiiviAV tktyt, t6 anig- 



256 PLVTAaCHI 

vnagj(B$v ajnanaafiiroy ,' oviag loixe z§av vtu&^ 
fsayaitsgiila yig S ^Vfidg slvat. xal yaq XvTtfiq ifi* 
nmlnjajai nal fiHovrjg xai vfigms' Hal tp^drov ^fv 
^et Tiqv imxaigtHaxiav ' qidvov ds xal x^lgoa» igiv 
vtymvlJiEtai ydq Hxl fifj ne^^uv aitdg, o^^ na&uv 
^aKtag initQiipag ttsgov * im&vfiiag . di aixta tq u- 
ttQTiiaxatov ifiTiiqiVxsv , tt ya d^ tov Xvnttv ^T^^y 
pgs^ig iau, di6 tStv fuv daattav tatg olxiag Ttgi^ 
lovtfg aiXritQidog axovoiuv hfod^ivi^g, xainrikQy, mg 
iigslnsv, otvov, xal anagdyfiaTa atstj^dvm , ^ui 
xgamaliaviag og&fisv inl d-vgatg dxolovd-ovg-' td 
ditwv mxgwv ixxaXvfifiata xal dva^dXm, iv tolg 
ngoadinotg toiv oIxsjwv oipsi, xal tolg atiyjiaai xal 
tu7g nidatg, 

• l^isl 8e dotdMV fiovvog iv atiyaig 
ogyiXov uvdgog - 

Ktaxvidg ifininxtaxs, — 
fiaattyovfiiviov svdov olxovofmv, xa\ aTgs^Xov/ti- 
vtav ■&sganaLvid(av' taats tov d-Vfiov tag Xvnctg iv 
xaig Im&vfiiaig xal talg ridovalg oixtsigstv ogmvtag. 
XVI. Ov firiv uXXn Saoig yt avft^aivst did ftt" 
ooTwvrjgiav uXijdwg aXiaxsa&ai noXXuxtg tnu og^ 
yv^, to uyav ucpatghtiov avtrig xa\ t6 uxgatov ufMji 
tfj o(poSg^ niatsi nsgl t&v avvdvttav, avtri ydg 
av^si (luXtata tcav alttuv tdv ^vfjtbv, otar ^x^^ 
atdg vnoXi]g>&sig dvaq>av^ f^ox^g^g, V fp^^^ii^ ^- 
^fxg iv Stacpogu tivt xal fiifixpst yivr^tat. t6 Si ifibif 
Vi^pg, ota&ct diinov-dsv^^lixatg (omxtg qjigstatngif 



DB COfllUENUA IRA. 257 

.ivvoiav dif&gmnmv nal niavtv» warttg oiv ol xatdi 
x$rov paifortfCy 'inov fiSHov "iTnQBliki t$ npihiiv 
ifiovtor, ifiagrdm ftiXXor, nal aipalMfAWoi ariw- 
/!««• Ttal To^ ftiv <pii$$v anoffvifattd lfAna'&ig aya¥ 
nai ngd&vfiov ovn av ht, iw$idtifiv* Toi) di n*- 
attifHv €q>6^ga XV^^^H"!^ ^^ ^<^ X^"^^» VI TlXdx» 
tmvog BvXaffwi^» ual ydg^EXiwava t6v^ fia^fiaxi' . 
tt6v oStug inamlv ^aiv, ^ q^vati nvfiitdPoXoy 
^fkfv, 4tat tod^ tt^gafMfUvovg iv tjj TtiXn xalS^ 86* 
diivai , ft^ tlvdQmFO* m»l aniQUata dv&giiTWv ov^ 
ttg» iwpfivmi nov tjfq iplat»g tr^v dadivHav. 6 Jt 
JSoipoxX^g Xiytov, on 

Td nXsiata ^iagvtv atax^''^ tpt^gtkftng figot&v, 
afav Xomv i|^fv iiKftPaiviiv nal xoXohtv, ov fiyjv 
dlXd th dlanoXov toDto tijg^Qiatwg nal .qttXaitiov, 
■tvxoXtitigovg nottl tatg ogyalg* ixatattTtov ydg i^* 
tb Sipvta «B» To dngoaddwii^' dii di, Sg nov ital 
ilavaittog ipfi, XQ^^&ot t^ jivaJ^ydgtjf, Ttal na&d^ 
ntg iKktvog inl tjj ttXtvtg toi; nouiog tlntv "dldtiv, 
ott &v^tov iyiwfiaa, tovto tolg nago^vovaiv ha^ 
atov intfptaviiv aftagTiftactv ' *ilhtv, ott, ao^v 
ovx ingtdftfjvdovXov "Hdttv, oti dna&fjthv (piXo^ 
otmiKtfiotifiriv^^Iidttv, ott T)}v ywaixa yvvaiua tlxov* 
dv di «aiuM ttg im(p&tyy6fttvog dt) to to^ /7Ai«* 
tttvog* Hnov ag iyt» toiovtogf tSo^tv dat^ tbv 
Xoytafthv dvaatgi^ , nai nagtft^dXXjf talg ftiftifftat 
f^v tiXdfitiav, ov noXXji xg»fittat ftiaonovtigit^ngog 
ktigovg, noXX^g 4g&v kavtov avyyvttfttig dtdfttvov^ 
vvv di tHaarog fijtiav ogyiiifttvQg ^ai HoXdjjuv^ Ugt^ 
Plvt.Mor.FII. - Ji 



298 PLVTAaC0i 



#ifM^^«r) gfy «6»i»»ig ^ wyiV i ry |ict* %%^ 
^ «ipnf M MipM minp M^ Mhin w m ^0mr 
.fcimmgk JW »5r Ir t#faoig jw'r n(ii ii ^oiip Awj»^ 

•yiitMtffif MtfUt tft JiSiMMIM MM COV SMMbWMI^BttUlflQf 

My ffti r> v^ ;wip ^■liyi^wy mmmnm mi* jpwf jlr» 
jia* flimtr DbiMy «ig fi«idr Msroii«r ti nirq y» jw* 
j«^^r 9X1««, «oi liiwyi/ly mov, «c* yj^nyc^yiib' 
ywtuxog, o^ag ^fdga noJlms 4Ci» #iwqftii|^ him Mh 
•^igiiifMW^, ir ling^iflJUii '«^sov «oS jfnlni^ff^ f^ 
-yfy^Uwdr i^tu 'O ftw oip ^dwis (ms XS^imlihie^ 
#*) t«r flTor MflCtai». «r ^^|ia ^ «S( *4b^ «fPiift 
^/ * 4^ de 9fi w/ji fMT «viSiJr aSgmk Jb&* l«ii|«» 

•M* jci^^fa^oH 7if ^ yvpmiMir «A ^ o« tt'T a ig » ^9«^^ 
9£Um(, oior flS^no m^x6pwm htn^dmi^ Ttol sow 
jM^mal^ ^ dto$mtwml§k tNMr^ vwr «lyiow r ii r ia» 
oi^Tfi T^ lo/$ofuf wid ^yknmp, mg .gfttQ w, lanit 
y^dlifiafa «^r #^^ oSfm w fUMQiin^ii^i^fUita /u«i- 
.Jloy iituhoptm, *imm nal tm^^mtm t^ 40i^r'«i^oc 
-novfi^ im wm ^UJtfiom htfifidpomaimu ^l ^mn 
«oinw -rd fiip tov !2^iif^«^Hf$,. .^i«9W Mii Mdr 
^/ov^^ vd» nyMiKnM MwdnirvQ^* iif^pow ^-tt^ 
^lfcte^ mg OVK ^ga^l&tovg oodo m^iXoodqfOifelp «v» 
zuk ofioXoykie, iPiMwAp m^p ^oSto imp ^^iMfm^4itiil 
•^fV X4||i«irf«|(.j|^y^ii«i^ wdo^^* iiiffVf9oi»yifiig 



DE COHIBEMDA jlRA. ^S^ 

fHf, njf&tov 00^^00$ iUfaQt o}ov juft^ifnfov^ }u^ 
aolpovg J$tay»yu» , igut^tnf^Xw ««] /<«l^j|Q9t^. 
&ifm ' $Sta jiijw MO^ ^vo mti^fvos 4|ti«vta9 «(c^ 
ta fM^Pf ovm v^ Xf^V n^ifimpov m t6 nit^- 
o&tr vgv opeSumidigi, ij^gatSg n^mi^r^y ^ ^^ 
^vXdiWP fm tfvm^hi Uiu aai u/i^pixop ipmvr 
xop^ iynjl/opxa Koi My^P mr^^, nalmQilii^. 
Aiinm^ «0* mi^oPfd^* ifif¥fifv>*^ ^i ojca^h^ 

^XQg. Sda^p {oi/tm) Muxi ^^ :u ^vUapfimpopxcig^ 
kmpirtj^ ^ n^ga ^nr^t^p iHPP^t Sxixi Uimp 
tolfto «oj ng$QP ^ 'q>4^^ig^op,ioii^l ffip avvr 
iiptm fiifi^tfif i^ifP im»^J9^nti aimop, mg 



R 1 



±6Q l'LVTAIlCflI 

fcm^ tfo^ T^ y0a(fr]i'at, xal nsgl t&v iv Tip.al(a 8fo* 
(iivfav tnifJisXBaTi^ag i^riyrias(og* a(ta di 7t(as t6p 
isTtUQOV rifAMV *'£gma xauXdfipavtv aixia tov nXuv 
$v&tg sig^Pafiijv, naqvi ^ovvddvov rov xgutiaTov 
ygdfAfxaTa dsdsygiivov, olog insivog, imxaxvvovTa» 
firiTS Se XQ^vev sx^v,t$g ngot^Qovfiv^v, ysvia^amgog 
olg ipohXov, /uijw vnofiivoav xsvtug navrunaai tov 
avbqa x^golv Ofpdffvai aot nag ^fi&v a^piyfdvor, 
nvsXs^ftriv ntgl sv&vfiiag, i% xSiV vnofivrifiAxav utv 
ifiavtw nsnoiiDfiiv4ig ixvyxavov ' riyoifisvdg n ai 
t6v X6yov tovTov ovk ^ixgodastog ^vsxa ^riQVtfiivr,g 
naXXiyQOqiiixv, tiXXd XQ^^i fiorj&riTMijg, intiritslv * 
ttal avvrid6fiSvog , Sts rtal q)diag sx^av ^ysfiovmdig, 
xal dd^av oidsvog iXdttova twv iv dyoga lsy6vT(ov, 
TO Tov tQayiH(w MiQOTtog ov ninov&ag, evd' ioQ 
irthivov svdaifieviifov 6 oxXog iiiTsXrj^ (je tSjv (pvai" 
rL(ov na&Sav nXXd noXXdiug drtrirtovtg , fivrifiovsvfigp 
u)g ovTs no^dygag dnalXdTTSh rtaXtinieg, ovis^a^ 
HTvXtog noi^ifTsXrlg naq&yvxiag, ovds dtddrifia xs(fa- 
XaXyiag, nd&MV ^ dij nQigdXvniav ytvx^ rtal ftiar 
diivfiova, XQWdT(ov oqisXog, fj ^a$i}9^ ^ ^vvdfutog iv 
avXalg^, £v f*q Ti XQ*^l^^^ov svxdgiaT^v ^ T0% l^ou- 
<jt, jtal tZ iSiv dn6vT(ov uff ds6ftsvov asi nagaxoXavr' 
&ri ; ti di tovt ianv aXXo r} Xoyog st^iafiivog xal 
fjtsfisXsTriKoijg tov 'jtad-i^tiKOV 9ta4dl6yQp t%g ^vx^g 
i^MTafiivov noXXdnig , iniXafj^dvtax^ai Ta/u, Hal 
fii) nsQtOQav ihoQQsov 9ta} xaTa(psQ6fisvov dno tcui' 
naQ^ifTiov. ' toansQ ot>v' 6 Zsvoq>uiv nqQj^vsi, twv &{&> 
s^TVxovviiDig fidXiaiQf fitf^vrja&ixi xal tifiav, oTnog, 



DE TRANQVILLITATE ANIMI. o^i 

orav iv ji^tiif ^svmfis&ti, O^ag^olbvug 4xviovg nafju* 
9taXoifisv as tvfi^vng ovTug Tldrj yal (plkovg' oSi(xt 
xttl iSiV Idyfov oaoi ngdg td TtddT) ^oiiO-ovai^ Stl 
TtQO' Toiy Tiad&v imfitktia&at tovg vovv Xx^vtag, Xv 
ix neXXov TTageaxtvaafiivdi fjiuX^ov iHjpfXomv. btg 
^fi^ ol ;^ails7re» xvvsg nqbg naaav ixtagcCTjonsvot 
pOTiV^ vnb f/tovtig xttranQavvovTai tijg aviri^ov^' 
otTCu xal T« nddrj rd irjg rjfvxrjg diaygiaifoiava 
xataTTavaai gcedmg ovx saTiv, av /a^ Xdyoi n^gov;- 
rig olxsioi xal avvri&ug imXapfidvtaVTai tZv tu- 
gaTTOftivwv* > 

II. *0 niv ovv siniiv, Sn dtl tov si&vfitlv ftiX^ 
Xovxa fi^T» noXXd ntfyaauv ^r)Te Wtfi firiTt ^vvjj, 
^QbiTov fiiv ^fuv noXvteX,^ t^v tidvf/Llav xtt^/aTij- 
m, yivofUvfiv Svtov anqa^ag\ o\^v u^^uaTfff nagat^ 
yuv ixdaT&' 

Miv, oi xaXaintaQ, uTgifjia aolg iv Sifivhig» 
ntaiToi xax6v f/iiv avaiaOtiala adjfiaTi tfdQfiaxov u - 
novolai' ovdlv di ptkiim ^v^fig iaT(Tug, 6 (ffdy-^ 
fiicf xal fiaXaxi^ xal ngodoaitit q,iXwv xal olxfibtv 
xal naTgidog, i^aiqtav ja Taga/fadtg uviyg xal Xv- 
itrjgov. tnsna xal tfnvddg iaTL to si&VfjLiiv Tovgfin 
noXXd nqdaaovjag, X^si, yag si&vf*OTigag tlva^ yv^ 
watxag dvdQuiv, oixovQitf zd noXhu avvovaag' vvvl 
ds 6 fiiy fioQiag 

Jtd naQ^svixr^g U7ia),6xQoog oi didi}atVy 
ig ifTfiiv Hjalo^og* Xvndi de xal TaQu^^al xal /M' 
iod^vfiiai 6id iriXoTVTiiag ,. xal dtnuSaifji^viag xui 
filotifiiag xctl xsriLt' doiftii' , Zaug oix uv (iHoi ttg, 



26!> ^LVTARfcHI 

r^}k a^rdiiif^ltft tj oi p(fi(tiv tt it6ai¥ tt 

paaiUttir fl^yt,* t^ ti Uiti^ ftti aTtQoSI^ notk 
Ttdtfi^ftag ^i^ aVfO*ii6ifti€i¥ tlj^* Mbvf di ttaH ti 
fi^ ngdaauv 4vr& MbkidtHi fsk i^iffihv m^hrUv^ 
«j to^tOf • 

« AviAq i fi^rir Ptiw/i itdigifiiyog mKVitiQotnn ' ' 
JtoyBPiig JjTihsosg vi6g Mdoi Attig !^^iU#^. 
Ovtt not tlq dyo^v TmXiantto nvdidviiQijtlt^ 
OSte not iq ndhjitov^ iXhu i^f^ivid-i^xi 9>Uar 

'. ■ - ' *n6 

Av&t fiivt0¥, no^itaiH d' dVt^f ti iHiXHfjtSv ftl 
jtdil XiyH nt^tn»&&v iiil i6ttM xetl ia;t^X»vaSt6r 

l4iU' $/!«» 7»«^« vfivalv hmaiov ax^o^ di^h^fy, ^ 
o&tv oidi *Mnhoifi/o$ ofstoU 6tlP ^aifxdS^tv, dXXd 
tjj ffloH xifV^&ot noXittvofiivoi^g ntil 7f*fdaa6vta^ 
jti Ttoivd tovg ^tXotifiOvg na* ^ilodd^ovg, Ag /u^X- 
Xov tfft drtqayfioalvfig tvtifdtita&bU nal Mttitolifa&ai 
mtptfnirag, av tav 6^y6vtat ft^ tvyxdvtaatv, dXX^ 
inttvog fiiv Stoitog, ov iovg d^vttftivovg td notvA 
ngdaatiV n^^otgtnSfitvog t aXXd tovg fiavxltiP Synv 
fiij dvvttfiivovg* 9tl 9i fi^ ikXii&tt fitidi 6Xty6tfiti 
nga/fidttav, dXXd x^ naXt^ nal Jt} oitaXl^^ tA th&Xf^ 
fiov OQtittv nal t& dva&vftov. to%v ydg naXoiv ^ 9t(»r 
QdXtttffig ovx ^TToi'» ^ tSiv tpatXtav ^ n^ttStg, Svta^- 
^6Viatt. ktil ta^x^^ihg, 4g sr^tori. 

Ul. T4^vg fiiv yd^ difiWQtaftirtag tva fltov SXv» 



DE TBANQVILIITATE AlilMI. og^ 

5^ ifxoftifiy^intnf Uy^ * 

Tn^ yHtogpcidi etqtnpofthQVQ Syti tfi&w 
OfJuoA HyM*P^ {d^y ^ «MM js^4y t^ya 
^i^voy na^ddny* 

TOa;;ifoyToi^ ToZ( ff^<My* 

naf^tntVf anSff^ irv/Matay^ffiajtu fliif. 
aW <S^|p ol ^aZo2 xa) yot^TMSrrt^ #y t^ TrXsiy', i^* 
T« ^oy otdfAiyo* dyi^f iotv A^ yavXitv ^ uxdtoVf 
ual ndlty idvng t^itiq^ finnp&qiy, cilUy m^fai-* 
yoyotf tl^ x^liiv naltivd^Xlay ov^/icTOf f ^om; . 
iavjolg' ovtwgalt&v pUifdyr$fitiaXfiyjng ovn i^vil^ 
fgovat t^g yfvxflg jA Xvnoiyva nal taQdttopta' tav* 
T« d* iath, dmtffta nfjayfiirmy, v^ymkt, tb /i4 
^ltyma&ai fif^d* inlataa&oi XH^^^^^ ^^^f naqotaiv 
og^&g' TaGToi xo2 nXovoiovg x**fid^H nal niviitag * 
tatita nal ytyaftriKdtag iytf nal aydfiovg* did tav^ 
Ta ipBifyovai Tj)r iyoQdy » <7t« t^v ^o v;if/ay ov q^i' 
govoi' did tatta nqo^^myds iv qvXalg imnovoi, 
nalnagtX^dvttgf ti&vg fia(fi>yoytai. 

^vadqnatov ol yaao%vtmg Anogiag vno* 
nal ydg ii yvv^ Xvnt}, n«A t4y iatgiy aitiiiytu$,nal 
dvaxfqotipoyai t^ nUvlBiQy* 



2r»4 - PLVTAncni 

i; u^Iwv qiTjoiK. tlxa t^c voaev liuxkvd-shfig, mI 
tCQihmg ktigag yfvofiivrjg, ifl&BV ^ vysla ifUa mi^^ 
tM noiovott nai ngoifriv^. 6 ydg x^ig Std xo« MfiV" 
).ta, Httl ar^Tdi^HOV Sgtoif duxnxvatv , xr^iqov aixd" 
nvQov ifl ilalaig ^ xagdaiddi anuxai TtgOQipdSig 

Xul TTQO&VflWg, 

IV. Totalxfiv i XoytaiA&g tSxoXtav mi luxa/io^ 
2^ iyy$v6iAi¥og^ fuxaitotti ngbg Ixcxcnroi' §lov^ l^liU- 
itivdgog *Ava&iQX0V mgi jtdaimv onMtQiag axouAiy 
iddHQV$, nal xiav q>iXiov igm&yxotv, o xi ninov&tv * 
Ovx S^iov (liqpi}) ^oHqhuty %l, xiafioaiv ^vtw dnBi- 
Qtav, §vO; oidintA nhQtOi.yiyoyaiuv ; KQdxff<g d« n^- 
qav txfov xa» XQi^mot, naii^av xa» ytlSrv &ajia^ iv 
hoQXJi x6v piov diexiUas* xa» fti^v uai rby Aya^i^ 
^ivovtt, x6 noXliav ^aatXsvstv iXvmt* 
. rvdtasat tiiQddiiv^ ^AyafiifUfova, x6» mgX ndvxwv 

Zsvg iviriy.t n6voiat dtafAJUQBg, 
/lioyivrig ds ntaXovfisvog saJioinxB x6v xinQVxa Kaxa" 
ttiifiBvog* uvaax^vat di oix ifioiiXexo xtlcvoifroc» 
dXXd naif^oiv xai xaxaysXiHv tXByBp* Ei de ixi&vr 
ininQaaxtg : xa» ^axQdxfig fiiv iv StafimtriQit^ <p«- 
Xoao<p{av,dtiXiytto xolg kxaiQoig* 6.de ^ai&av u^ 
^a^dg Btg x6v 0VQav6y, trtXauv, ti fiffiiig aiioi xoifs 
Tov nttXQ6( tnnovg xo» xd oQfiaxa noQadidtaatv, 
omnsQ oip x6 vnd6f}fia x^ noii avvSiatiXQifptxai, 
xixi oi xoivavxiov , ovxfa xovg fiUwg al dtad^iattg 
QVVf^ofiotovatv aixalg, oi ydg ^ avvfi&tta noui 
T'.''^c hXofiiioig r6v aqiaxov fiiov ri6ifv, &g xtg tlntv. 



DE TRANQVILLITATK ANIMI. ^ 

^Utr Td tpQoHiv vi^aihv avxdv filotf 7m^ik:Kiii\Ui^ 
mov nal ^iat4»f, dio t^v Tniy^v jij^ bv^p^{ag,ji^ 
ttitoi^ ^latxv fifuv, iHKadali^nfntv/iva m^ t« ^kti^, 
w^^MliMx xal (pikia, ft^ %aUnfig ZQ^i^WQ pv/uff^ 

'To7a Ttgiiyfiaa* yoQ ovxl ^vfiOva&aiXQ^wf ' 
.; MiXtt ymQ. aviolg, ovdsv, uXi^ 6 xvxnavw 
* ' Tn itl^yfiat og&iig av Ti&j,. ngdisi xaX«^;. 

V^ Kvfititf ydq &. Ill&tm xht fiiov anii-^aaiy, 
iv ^ naX fiaXdv 8u td 7tg6a(poga,xal PaX6^'za,Xifi- 
aOau 9HiXCig tolg TKaovat. toiixiov ds t^ fiivfiaXur, 
0VX i^^ ^(itv, To dfi n^afi»6vj6iig> d&j^ea^i %u ytv6' 
inva- Tta^ t^g jvxfig, xo* vifisuf Ixdai^ t^Jtov, iv 
fi# x6i» td* o^c^oy 0i(phXr^Q%k'fidUata, Ttal rd dfiovXfj' 
fov ^xtatuXvn^n toifg iiutvyxdvovtag, fifiiztgov 
t(fyaviiJth',.uv €1/ (^vmftiVm. tovg fikv ydff utixvoyg 
'%ul dvoiitovg mgl Toy fiiov, &jntQ tovg voadiidfiq 
to}g awftaai ftiits^ xavfta (pigttv f^r^ts ngvog dwafi^ 
vovg, i^tviat. fikv svtvxia, avatiXXuia dvatvxia' 
Tugdttovtttt di vn dfi(p(itiQ(av , fiuXXov 8i v(f av^ 
tSiv iv ufitpotiqotQ f aal oix fittov iv, viig. Xty^fiir 
^otg dya&ol^. 0i6S(»qo^ fiiv ydg 6 vhi^^tg u^tog 
tXeys, Tjf d<|i(^ Tou; X6yovg ogiyovto^ avtovr ''S 
aQtutiQ^. (kx9aifat tovg uHgo^afiivovg* ol.d^ 4^*'* 
dtvtot noXXdMti. t^v tiixw (^^v nagtatafikiv^fff i^ 
naQtatigoig. fistaXafifldyovtt^ dax^ftovavaiif \ .ql di 
q>Q6vtfiot; w&dmg ta^i^fitXittaig ipigu fiiXk tA ^t^ 
^tvtatCv nal Jstig^tatov 6 ^ifiog^ .ojSt(^^mi6 tm 



260 PLVTARCHI 

VI. 7V9ta eip hl i^tfiifv aauiS» wtA fuUt^v^ 
Sana^ S ^C nvv^ mfimqftmt^ t^ ^^9 >m* ff^ PV^ 
TQVMy nmtJ^ag* Oid' oStng (c9>ij) xmxiag* ISeaffr 
ytxQ fu&mdvmt t^ thxnif i* t&r mfimvk^t»p. i^v^ 
ymdtv&fi Jwyipijg * o«d' ovf«$ uatmgt ^ffimtQyu^ 
(piXoao^^lv futd Tiyir ^v/ijy. Ziivmtn t^ Kntii fda 
vmvg %9qi.^v ^Ofri)/u;" nv&4f»voi di tnvtip^ mit4* 
q>oQtoy mnohakhmi oft/nkv0&H0mv * Eiya (ccjfcv) 
i tvx^ notilg, eig tdv t^lfimvm %aX t^v atoav mwo^ 
Itt^vovoa ^ftmg* ti ovv nnXiH lufnlo&ai tovvavg^ 
di^xi^ tivm ttX&v dt^fm^ttgf iv myif^ di«$N( imi* 
fitkovfisvac t&v Idtuv. mXXm ipdtav fAvAfitPog ^/9* 
fi6vos, mitma&ijgf mHivdiwas mcm mjt^myfi^vmg fiwap^ 
ndltv iv nqdyfmaw maxoUiog tx^va* nci q>^tiiag 
yiyovmqi 

Ovdi &$^^hv ^dmg xoa4v9t t</Sii ftmX&aHdyvia^ r 
xatd nivdttQov, mg d^Sa noUi^ ual f d ttfma&at /m* 
Tct tivog IhvdfiaoK, nivov ^^bv^ ndfimtov t BiMdfta» 
rov. ttXkd fi^ ma^vttixiv im StttfioX^g ^ <p&6vow 
9vafjfUf>ia nal anoQoxiaftdg/ inl tdg fiovamg ovqaov 
t6 nvttfim iiml r^v mnm^fiimv, Sani^ HXdtfovi zkk» 
lida&ivti ntgl t^r Jiovvaiov <pdimv. di6 nmi tovto 
Jtg6g %v&iffila» fiiya, ro f 0«; iv(^Qvg mno&tngtiv^ 
tl fitidiv vn6 n^v mit&v mndv&maiv* olov, dnm^ 
dim t6 Xvnovv iatt; tovg t&v *Puftmiw ogm fiaa$* 
Uig, mv oidtig vif t^v oftPT^ mniXint^ mvi^ -dvo» 
g>ogug nttgovaji; xal tig av ifiohXov ilvat fidXXop 



DE 'TRANQVJLLITATE ANIMI. ^7 

^atpQUm; ttlXn lkiip&&§tal «<W t6 yifpaiov f eiit 
dpiyptMttg oIp td iniy^f/i^ t6 ip Jtkq^oi^, 

'Ty^i ««* T^o^^^ fiataihif9 ^^yk f* avi^n^' 
oib* «n^Hoa^, Stt tolfwv f i}f ywaix» T^^lav idA- 
mfk^A^ Mif^tiQt t iml ta yippn&iy, Uhufitddijp 
^f«Uct iftt&vqtlovoa n^^g tnf^ ^tgmttaiMa^; 4X14 
to$ro Uyiv oi» in^lvotp iv\oiiktaTov ^BU^imv •£• 
vtH Ual fUyiatov • i^mQ oi5i Siihua^a tStv na% 
ait^v ipdoodqfdsv tXagdnatuXfh^ anilaatog ovaa ^ 
&vydtfi^ * dkXa «oi MtiTftonUovi omdiamvto^'' 
*j^v oiv {t^fi) ai^oQtfina tovt6 iattv^ n intlvn^f 
tlmivto^ bi to^ MntQonXiovv *J£x9ivqg (Uv afioif» 
t^fia, aov bk itvxm^a- ningUytts, (timv)ovxl 
td aftaQv^ft^ta nijii ikantt^fiatd ian; Udvv fiiv 
oiv, hfffi» Td di dtaTttdtftatat oix Ip diantmfiatai 
ual dnotsifyfiatfti awwfioXdyfiatv i MfftQonlr^g» 
Td S" iinottityftata^ ovx ip dnottityfiata ^ dtvxn- 
/ttnaf ttg^f^ X6yif xul fptXooot^^ nivov anodit^ 
vittyfut tfiv Yfllt; nvvixov ^Xaaffnfitav, 

VII. Tovg di noXlovg oi ^t^ot^ td twf qiiXwv 
ml olnti^v, ulld nal td $&v ixdg&v dvid nal na» 
ffiH^vtt naud. fiXaaif$ifiiaf ydg nal ogyal nal tpdo' 
i^o» nal Haxon&ftat nai itiioTvniat fittd dvafttvsiu?i 
aitmv fiiv ttQt tm ix^vtmv nfigtg, ivoxXolat dt nal 
migolitvova^ tov^ «fyoiJTOvr £aktg dfiiXtt nal ;*?*- 
tdvav dnifOxoXiat, nat awi&tav dvanoXiatt nai twv 
ntgl tdg ngdUtg inovgy&v fiox^VQ^t ttvig' fi^ w^ 



2G8 ' l^LVTAllCHI 

bvx ^Hiaid fiot doxilg ital avto^ ijitTtxgtiirtoufvog, 
wansQ ol 2oq>oitXiovg iatQol, 

HixQttP x^^^i^ Miovai tpaQfjidHto mxQ^, 
ovmg d^vxixaUnalvtilf ital avvii6nixQah£a&6t$ tol^ 
$xaiym nd&tot xal vooi\fAtitaiv ovx fvioyci^. u ytxQ 
*nQdtt8tg nQfkyfiaTa mniijtivfiivog, ov^ anXotg ^«- 
iiiViOvM XQ^fJ^toig, SiOTifQ ivtpviatv OQydvoig, dlXd 
xdQxdgotg td nolXa Hal axoXtolg dtaxovutau to fiip 
Qvv dnzv&vvBtv tavta, firj rdfit^ii aov iQyov Bivai, 
firids aXXtog ^adtov av 6^ &g toiovtotg avTol^g nt^ 
xpvx6at XQ^fJt^^vog, toanfQiuTQog otiovuxyQatg xal dy" 
xjiJQaiv, fjntog^cpaivrj^ xal fiitQtog ix tSiv ivhx^^f^i- 
tf(ovt evtpQavfj tp ofi dtad-iatt fimXov, ^ Xvm\afi talg 
iriQtap d^diaig xtd fiox^riQiaig* xoii ^ansQ xvrag, 
av vhaifB&at t tb nQoa^xov avtoig ht^ivot^ ot6fjttvog 
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DE TBANQVlLLlTATt: AMMI. 2C9 

Xtty3dwfi99 iavTovg ov id xtt&6lov i^g -fioxdfiping 
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vwaiv vnoifiiag Ttal dvaxoXiag, vfp fi^y td fuv dno^t 
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v^yfiaaiv. i&ia&tlg iXag>Qwg avfintgi^tQto^at xul 
fmQitsg, gVMoXdnatog dtfdQomoig SfnXtiv yiyvnat 
xflu nQ^otatog, 

, VUI. "O&tv intlvovav&tg t6v ntQi t&v nQayfidttiv 
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TQifitiv dvaloytafioig , ftovovov fiici T&v fitXtiovtav 



1270 ' I^LVTAKCHi ' 

Miioaniiaarag, itnhtHti y$ nghg rbr TzoXvngd/fji(y, 
va hUyftivop 0ix dk^bic, M^ /arl fintvtyxiiv 
• Ti ^iilit^v, iv^^tmt (honotvwtatt , 
> Koat^ ^i^a^tlg, t6 d^ tdiov nuqapiinng; 
«* lo m«wol) naxiiVf £ fiaxAgu, Xitxv xaxapXinugi 
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DE TKANQyiLLiTATE ANIML 27I 

olivQo/4ip9vg xail dvefj^Ofoh^Mmg^ . . ; .; 

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3:^3 • ^'' • ' i''i V T A It 6 II i • • 

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JP^^ ^^ ftridintt trtgaviiytX^Pb^ftaihav idv di xal 



DE TRANQVILLITATB AWIML 273 

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Fli^t.Mo&.IU. S 



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DE TRAJ^QVIWTAT^E ANIMF. .^7>5 

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tift laxvQol xai aVi^Ttonxol mt ^il^ttg iirat xpt» qpH 



m PLVTARCHI 

Ui Saaikiiap "ntA n6Xmp agxottsg a^ioifaty * ult 
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DE TRANQVJLUTATE ANIMf. ^q 

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div PtXjioiv, 6 fiovX6fitvog vfia fiiv ^EfintHoxXrjg^^J^ 
nXdjtav, r^ Jr)fi6xQtJog slvai ntQl x6afiov yQatpa». 
xal T^g Tfajy ovjfov dXr\9tiag, dfia 9s nXovai^ yQtdf 
avyxa&kvisiv , wg £v<fOQi(i)Vi ^ t^ 4n* xto^ov ^r 



578 t>LVTAfeCHI 

Xv7tovfiEVo$, n pirj &ctvfidSBtai did nlovtov, ag 'la^ 
ftrivlag,' x«« dt agnijv, w? *£jtiMfii vonfdag. ovds^ yaq 
til ^tffttlg, ort firj tovg Ta!y nalatatSp xffs^vtat 
iTtKpdvovg, a&VfiovatVy dkXtx tolg avt&v aydlloV'^ 
TO» xal xalgovai, ynoQtav ilaziga tahtav ndafist. 
xcfi ydq 6 2ol(op • 

Idkl^ rififuQ avtolg ov diafiHy/6fiB&(t 
Tijg aQttjjg tdv nlovtov infl t6 fih sfiriaddi^ 
iatty 
Xgrjfiata d* dv&Qfantav aXXots aXXog t^«. 
nat Stgdttav 6 q>vaix6g, dxovaa^, oti noXXanXuai- 
ovg tyu Msvidrjfiog fuxt^rftdg • Tl ovv (sq>ri) ^avfia" 
atbv , ei nXslovig fiatv ol Xoisadat &iXovttg t&v u* 
ld(fB&&ai povXofiivtav ; ^AgtatotiXr^g ds ngdguivtl^ 
natQov ygdipwv • Ovx l^Xe^dvdgo» fi^vov (Iqoij) nQoa^ 
riHtt fiiya (pQOVsiv, ou.xgatsl noXXoiv dvd^Q&nmv, 
dX^ ovx -vittov otg vndQ%st nsgl ^soiv a dei ^oSu- 
^siv, tovg yoQ ovtta td otxsXa asfivvvovtag ovxivO" 
zHast T« twv nXtjalov, vvv ds tt]v afinsXov aSxo 
(^QStv ovjt d^iovfjtiVi ovds t^v iXatav p6tqvg* avtol 
H havtovg, idv ftii ttal td tuv nXovaloiv ufta xal ^ 
tn tav Xoyltav, nat td tmv atQatsvoftivtav xai rri 
ii^tt tptXococpohvt^av, xo* td twv xoXaxtvoyttav xal 
tu' twv naQ§t}ataJ^Oftivfov , xal td tuiv tpsidofjtiviar, 
tml-td tiav dctnavtaPt(av hx^aftsv nQOitQ-iiftaiu , ai/- 
itAq>stvtovptsv xal dxaQtatovftsv kixvto7g, xai xaTcr- 
^ovoliftsv &g iv!^sa)g nal disXwg ptovvttav. n^og di 
tWf», nai t^v tpvaiv ofd/ftsv vitofftifivriaxovaav ^- 



DE TRiaXQVlLZlTArE ANIML 2» 

oxBvaas iijr. rgoqi^v ilvoa, xai «v ndrta oa^KQjif o^t 
yuv, ij ontQfioloyuv , { ^iSi»QV%6i9 inoi^osv ^ ^V"^^ 
tQ%g> afS^wfotg. jtoixlXag . ngdg t&v fiiov dqfogjicii If 

jn^riXoP^Ta T a^($T^ t o^yt^oAJ/w tf, v 

xa» oV ndviog tgifpti. dii dri %h ng6atpoga» havtoii 
iXopbVOvg xal HianovovvTag, iav r» twv alXtav * xal 
fi^ jov 'Haiodov iXiyx^^v ivdsiaitgov tlndvta* 

Kal XBgajjisvg xfgafisT xotisi xal tixtovi tixjiaVi 
QV yag fidvov tovg 6fAOtixvovg xal tovg 6fiotg6novg 
ifiXotvnolivjtgi dXXdxal Xoyiovg nXovaioi, xahtXov^ 
aiovsavdo^ot ,' xal 9ixoX6y'o» aoqiiatdg, xal ml ju» 
^iakxsofinadovg svfjfisgovvjag iv &sdTgOig,^xal ogxif' 
attigf xa« &sgdnovtag iv avXalg PaaiXsmiXsif&sgtOs 
xal ivnatgidat xatatsdafiPrifMivoi. xal fiaxagi^ov^ 
tsgf oi fist giiog Xvnovaiv aviovg xal tagdttovfliv^. 
^lY.^OtiM sxaatog iv iavt^idtrig sv&vfjiiag 
^al tilg ^va&vfiiag sxsi tafitla, . xal toifg tCv aya" 
'&W. xttl xaxm 'ni&ovg ovx iv /tidg ov Jf £ xataxsi" 
fUvovg, dXX* iv t^ ^vxj) xsifAivovgi ai didijpogalt^ 
na^&v ^Xovoiv, ol fisv ydg dv^titoi xal nag6vja, 
rd xg^atd nagogaai xal dfAsXotfOiv, vn6 to^ awr 
t$tda&ai ng6g j6 fMsUov dsl talg q^govtiaiv' ^ol i^i 
ipgdvtfsoi-ndkid firjxit ovta t^ fAvtifMvsvsiv iivagr 
y&g, ovTa.7toiOvatv savtotg* t6 ydg nagov ti^iXar 
Xiatta tov xg6vov piogita '&iystv nagdax6:v, slta ti^v 
ikla&fjaiv 4x<pvy6v, ovxsji doxsl ng6grifmg ovl^ ^fii^ 
Tsgov.sivai tolgldvoiitoig ' dX£, &onsg 6 iv ^ik» Cr^ 



180 ' PLVTAPCHI 

y^ti^o^fi9PcCaxoiv(unQ6<pog om up} mtQlrjaiy in^ 
flinncofiito» nttTttrdXlaHetr t6 nUK^fuvor, ovtai tfy 
im^ltiv apttia&tirog xat dxtt^urtog virolttfilSdrov&a 
Ul&rj Mtti ntttttrtfiOfjUn}, nqSy.r tB ndaur dtpavlZov» 
att xttl xtttdg&iofitt ual axoXrjr inlxagtr xal avfim» 
^upoqav uttl dn6Xavatr, ovh if t6r flior ira /sri- 
a&at, avfjmUxofiiwor to7g naQOvai tar nagttjx^fjLi-»- 
rm ' dXi^ &an$Q tttQor t6r ix^g orta tot; ai^ut» 
gor, %ttl t6r avgtor ofAoltag oi tdr avtdr tta o^/ts^ 
ffor dtttiQovaa , nar t6 yfv6fi8ror sv&vg tig t6 dyi- 
riitor t^ dfirtjfionvtof xtt&iartjatr, . el fiir ydg ir 
tttig axolaiq tag ail^aBtg draigovrttg &g tijg ovalag 
ir6tUx^ (toifarig, X6y(^ notovatv tjfi&r tnaator SX' 
Xor kavtov xal aXXoK oi di tjj firrjfip rd ng6t€Qa 
fi^ atiyomg fiijM dvaXafifldvortig , dXX* (mexQiir 
iwvteg, ig/(^ notqvair iavrovg naO^ r\fiiqar dnodt- 
iig nal xtvovg, nal i^^ avqtov hatgtfittfiivovg, c&f 
tatv nigvat nal ngdnjv Hal x^h, ov ngog avrovg 
9rmv, ovdi oXong avtotg ytvofiivoav, 

XV. Kal rovto ovvtrjv ti&vfiiar inttttQdaati* 
imHttvo fiuXXov, orav t&antg orl fivwi tHv XtUov t6» 
ntav iv tolg Httr6ntgoig dnoXiadaivovai, tttig dk 
tffttxvtrjat nQoaixovttti Httl taXg dfivxaig' ovtttg 
aif&QOinoi tmv iXag&v nal nQoarjviov dno^^vttg 
iftnXiHiovtai talig tHv drjd^v dvafiv^atat* fiSlXop 
di, wsntQ iv *OXvv^(^ tovg Har&dgovg Xiyovatr, sS^ 
tt x^iav ifi§dXXovtttg, S naUltat icav&agmXt&Qor, 
hHfiifvm nij ivvttfiivovg, dXX* intt atgtfpofiivovg rtal 
HVHXovvtag ivano^^aHttv,ovtvg dg t^r tWHOMSv 



DE TR4IfQVII»UTATE AWIMI. flfi| 

dveinvfvattu du di, winsQ iy mvauUo j^^c^aToii^ 
iv.T^ \f^vxi Ttav n^iftyfiAxoiv t« <ftttdQd xal Xa}mga 
TtQofiaXlovtag, dnongvnwv ta u3tV'&Qfand kuI m&* 
j^HV* i^a)iH*pai> yttQ ovu laTi navxanaatv ovt^HnaX^ 
XayJivai. naXivTovog ydg aQfiovltj ndafxov, AfmQi 
IvQiig xcil T(i$QV* xal im avdQtanivm xa^aQOV ov^_ 
$h , ovd^ dfAtyig, dXii ojamQ iv fiovaixfj /SaQilf 
(f06yyoi xcfl ofsig, iv di yQafifianxfi qxavfiivxa xul 
Sjftova yQdftfiam * fiovaixdg di xal yQaftfiaUxog, 
oix 6 ddtsQa dvaxfQaivwv nal vnoifivytov, d^ 4 
fniiai ;^^$a^(x« xal fiiyvvva^ nQog 16 oIxhov imaxd' 
^tvog * ovTCD xal jwv nQayfidnav dvjiaioixiag ix^V'- 
WV, (imi xaxd jov EvQinidrjv', 

Oix dv yivotto x^qU iadXd xal xaxd, 
l4AA* laT* Jtg ahyxQaaig, uaj txHv xaXag) 
oi (iii Jolg ijiQOig i^a&Vfisiv , oid^ dnayoQi&iv* 
dl£ &an9Q ttQfiovixovg dfi^lvvovjag dil joig xQtiv' 
Toah jd xiiQOva, xal jd q>avXa jolg xgfiatotg ifint^ 
. Qilafiffdvovjag, ififisXig to tov fiiov fiiyfiu noiHw 
Hal oixtloy aitolg. Oi ydQ, aig 6 MivttvdQ6g(piia$yp 
^^oevT» baifioiv dvdQt avfinaQaaxaju 
£i&vg yMVOfiivtg, fivajaytayba jov ^iov 
Uya^dg, — 
dXXd fiSXXov (i&g *£fini5oxXtjg) dujai jtvtg ^xaato» 
f^m yiv6fitvop naQaXafipdrovat xal xajaQxovjcn 
(iOiQai xttl daifiovsg* 

jEv^' fiaav X&ovi^ t« xal ^HXionn Java&ntq, 
^^^k ^' alfiaJOiaaa, xal uiQfioviti ^iiii^&ni$f ■. 



382 TLVTARCnr 

Kalkiaja t, Alnxgri ts, Simad rs, ^/y/vati}^»^ 
KriiifQTrig t igdsaaot, (iMyxagn^g j 'Aa^ifpsta, 
XVI. '*flaj8 TOVT&nf kxdatov aniqiAatd t&vna* 
^tltP dvait&tqafiiva dBSByfiivriQ f\fA&v j^g ysvianag, 
ttal did ToXtJO TtoXXijv dvonfiallav ixoharig , .ev^rra* 
fiBv 6 vovv Ij^cjy td fisltiova , nQoadoxf M xai x^d'" 
teQa* jt^^Tor* <Ji dfifpotiQOvg, to. uyav dtpatjQ^v» oJ 
ydQ fi6vov 6 jijg avQiov ilxtaia dsifttvog, wg tptiaiv 
*EiiUoVQog, vtitaTa nQdaeiai nQog t^v avQiov ? dXXd 
ptal nXovjug ivq>Qaivsi,^ xal d6^a xal dvvaftig xal 
dQ^ri , xal fidXtoja joifg iljxtaja xdvavjia joq^ovV'' 
rag, ij yaQ aq>odQd nsQl acaajov im&Vfiia, a^o- 
A^QOjaJov q>6^ov ifinotovaa jov firj nagnfiivtiv , u* 
a&fvij Jtjv xdQt^v noui xa\ d^i/iatov, tjansQ q>X6ya 
xajanvEOfiivjjv, ^ ds didtaai nQdg jiqv tpxfjv ddt<2g 
xal dj06fnag shtuv 6 XoytafJt6g' 

^ti^v uiv dv Jt fpiQjig, oXlyov 3* Sxog %v dnoXtl^ 

tovjov ^dtaja notu XQV^&^^ JolgnaQO^av t6 &aQ-- 
^aXiov xal firj dididg avjwv ttjv dnofloX^v wg dq>6^ 
Qfltov,' b^eajt ydQ ti^v 'Avaiay^QOV hd&Wiv, d<p 
i]g inl jfi jeXtvjij tov natddg dvnpdivfiaiv "lldsaf 
^vrijdv yswrjaag, fi^ &avfid^ovjag fi6vov, dXXd xa\ 
uifiovfiivovg, imXiyuv kxdajM jtov tvxriQ&v * Cttda 
tov.nXovJov iq>rifitQov l^air xal ov pipaiov, Oldat 
t.ijv dQXTqv dq>tXia&ai dvvafiivovg Jovg dtd<ax6jag: 
Olda Tjjv yvvatxa XQriaJ^v, yvvaJxa d* oiaav xo* 
tov (piXov, ttv&Q(onov Svta, q>va€t tVfAStdfioXov Zfaov^ 
«uf,o JlXdjfov fimv* al yoQ toiavja^ naqaax^aii 



DE THANQVILLlTAlfe ANIMI. 283 

m&i tftix&iatiCy idv xt avfiPf) toov lijSovXritcov fisvy 
ovx dnQiOodoxr^Twv di, fjirj' dfj^ofievttnd'' Ovx uv 
^fifivr xal 70^ jlXlwiiXmZov^ xal^o* Tuvra ov 
nQoasd6x(ov oJov nriSrifiaTa xagdlag xal aqivyfiovi 
'Sjpaigovai , xal taxv ndXiv to fiaviwdBg xal jaqax' 
t6fMiifov idgvovatv, 6 fih ovv KaQviddrjg inl nQoi' 
yfidmv fiiydXoiv vmfilfivfjaxev , ou nuv xal ZXov 
iaxtv Hf Xhnriv xal d&Vfiiav t6 djiQOGddxriTov, ^i 
yotv MaxMvoiJv fiaaiXfia tijg^PaftaiaiV fjyffiovias 
noXXoatfifjidQiov rjv- dXXd JIsQGBvg fniv dno^aXm 
MaXBdqviar, avt6g t8 xatt&Qrivet tdv kavwZ dal;- 
fiova, xal nuaiv idoxsi dvatvxiatatog dv&Qd}nm 
ysyovivai xal pdQvnqtfioxaiog, 6 ds tovtov x^aTij- 
aagAlfthXiog, ktiQM nuQadtdovg t^v ofioih ts yijg 
xa2 ^aXditriguQXOvattv dvvafiiv, iaTt<pavovto xai 
Bdvsv; fv8atfiovi^6fitvog elxdtag, ovtog fiiv yuQ 
ri^n Xttfipdvbiiv dqx^v dnodo&rjaofiivi^v , ixsivog dk 
dni/iaXB fiii nQoadoxriaag, tv ds xal 6 noirjt^g oior 
iati ta naQtt nQoaSoxiav idida^iv. 6 yuQ ^Ol^vaasvg 
tt)v fiiyxvvog &av6vtog iStddxQvae, tfj di yvvaiyl 
xXaioiaij naQttxa&rifisvog , ' ov8iv tna&z toiovtov, 
ivtttV-&a fiiv yag dcpixto tw Xoytofiu to nddog v* 
noxtiQiov txfinv , xa\ nQOxamXrififiivov* ilg 8* ixtX* 
vo, firj nQOG^oxmag, dXX* i^l^vrig, {Sid t6 nUQd' 
8o^ov) irinsat, 

XVU. Ka$6Xov 8* inst tSav dpovXritcov td filv 
{piati t8 Xvitovv xal /SaQbvov ini(piQtt, td 8i TiAtl- 
vta 86^fi 8vaxtq(*ivUv i&t^^fitd^a xdl fiav&dvofitv, 



J84 PLVTARCHl 

ovz Sxq^8x6v ian ng^ xaXfxa flh fx^tv uil ra titS 
MtvdvdQov nQd;(ftgov • 

Oidiv ninov&ae dsivdv , ( qn^alv) av ^^ ngoa^ 
tioifj, 
xi ynq ngog ai iaxl, &v fii)x6 aagHog &7rtfixm, fiijn 
^VZVS* <^<^>' ^<^^* dvayivua naxg6g,^ fiotxiia ywai" 
%6g, 7} axsq>dvov xivog ^ ngotdgiag utfaigtatg, o»v 
ou HfiiXvBxai 3ial fi'^ nagdvmv avd-go^nog ual x6 awi^ 
nof ptkxiaxa diaxtiftevov txfiv ual x^v yfvx^v. ng^ 
dt xti (pvatt HoKovvxa Xvntlv, ola viaoi xai ndvot, 
xal ^dvaxot (piXav xal xixvwv, iauvo rd Svgti^ 
dtiov ' 

Otfiof tl d* otfioi/ d^Vfixd xot ntndv&afjttv, 
•vdf «^ yd^ ovxw xov na&vixtxov itaxaf^g^fUvov na\ 
ohad^aivovxog avxtXafi/Sdvsxat l6yog, &g S Xrjg xoi- 
v^$ xai qtvatxfjg avdyxng dvdfnvxiatv noiiivi ij dtd x6 
aCifta fiffityfiivog 6 av&gtanog, fi6vfiv xaifXfiv tfj t6* 
XTj Xa^ijv didoaatVf iv Si xoig nvgt&txdtotg xat fityi" 
oxotg dafpaXrjg laxfjxtv, 6 ^rifirjxgtog xvjv Mtyagitav 
noXtv xaxaAajSoDV, rjgtoxfiat xov SxiXnmva, firi x% 
%m ixfilvov diiignaaxat' xal 6\SxiXntavt(ffi* fifj^ 
dira sldov xdud ffigovxa. xat xolvw x^g rifx^g 
ndvia xSXka XtfiXaxovaiig xat ntgtatgovftivrjg, bxo^ 
fjtiv xt xoiovxov iv savxoig, 

0}6v X 0VX8 fpigoitv l4xato\ , ovx 5v Ayotw. 
oBsv ov dti navxdnaatv ixxantivovv x)6di xaxa^ 
flfilXttv x^v q>vatV', ^ fiifiiv iaxtg6v fti^M fjtdvifiov 
firidi Inig xiqv xvxfiv txovaav dXXd xoivavxlor* 
tid6xag, oxt fttxgov iaxt ftigog xo^ av&gdt7tov t6 



DE TRANQVILLITATE ANIML QS^ 

di PtXilovog fu^idog avtol xgatovfiiv, iv ^ tct fti- 
ytota tii^v «ya&iaf^ idgvr^iwa, d6iat ts XQfiatal 
xal (lax^iifiata, %a\ Xdyoi ttXiVtoivttg sig dgitrtv, 
dva^algitov l;);ovfri ttjv ovoiav xal ddtd<p^ogov, 
ttijrr^Tot^ nqdg t6 fjiilXov ihai xoi ^ag^aXiovc, 
Tial ngdg t^v tif%riv XiyoPtag, a J^ejHQdtrig dox&v 
ngdg tovg xattiydgovg ^i^i^Toy xnl MiXitov Xiyttv, 
ng6g tbifg dtxaatdg tXtytv, cu^ dnoxttivai fiiv ^Avv'-^ 
tog kdl MiXitog difVAvtai , fiXdiftai di ov di/vavtaC 
xal ydq 19 t^;^i} blvatat vdac^ ntgt/kiXtlv , dtptXi^ 
a'&ai /^Yj/iaitfy dia^aXtXv nqdg STjfiov ^ tvgavvov * 
xaxov di xoH dttXdv, xal tanttv6q>gova xal dytvvij 
xal fp&ovigdv ov dvvatai noi^aat tdv dyadov xal 
dvdgiodfi, xat fityaX6ipvxov , ovdi nagtXiadat trjv 
^idd^iatv, r^g dti nagovarig, nXiov rj xvfltgvfiTov 
ngdg ^dXattav 0(ptX6g iath ngog t6v ^iov. xvptg» 
v^ttj ydg oStt xvfia ngavmi tgaxv xat nvtvfia dV" 
vat6v iattv, bvtt onrj ^ovXj^tat dsofiiv(o Xifiivog tv- 
)[ttv ovtt O^a^gaXitog xal dtg6fitog vnofitlvat t6 avfji* 
palvov* d}£ mg ovx dniyvmt tf, ti/vrj ygatfisvog, 
(ptvyti, fidXa Xal<pog vjtoatoXiaag , tait ivigttgoi^ 
iatov igt/ioidtog ix ddXdttrjg vnigaxp , tgifnav xd* 
^tai xal naXX6fttvog. rj 8i tov (pgovifiov didStaig 
t totg TB a^uatixoig nagij^tt yaXr^vr^v, inl nXtiatov 
ixXvOvaa tdg t&v r^anv xataaxtvdg, iyx^attia xal 
dtaitrj adHpgort xat fittgiotg n6votg' xav tig t^ta&tv 
dgxh nd^ovg tMntg dia^Qeti^ yirritat pntXddog* 
i^aToltl «or» xoinpp xtgai^ nagriviyMv, wg qiVtatv 



5§€r PLyTARCai 

kcniXi^mudfl€*' TtOQaXoyov $i tivog Motl (isydX^v. ho^ 
iaXo^6vToq xa* Hqaxiiaavxos ^ iyyvgsO ilt/i^y; . xqrii 
^a^iaJLv aTiov^aadat tov ad^atoi f Hajt^ i^jfipi^ 
%iov fAYi atiyovtog* 

XVIII. Tov fiBV yaq av6fiT0V 6 tov d^avdTO^p 
fpo^og, ovx dtov ijjv. no&og iHttQdfiaa^at to v^ a^ 
fiatog noul, mQiTtmlByfiivov, wjthq. tbv 'OBvffaj^a, 
i^ iQivsM^ dBdoixdra tijv xaQv/idiv vnoHtifiivnv^^^^ 
. "Evd^^ 0V18 fiifivsiv avsfiog^ ovts nhiv ia* .^ ^ 
kal nQog tavta dvaaQioTfag, xal nQ^g ixnva mgir 
dsQg Bxovta. 6 ds t^v t^g ^tvxng ffvai>v ufifaayinfOQ 
imvo&v, xal tr^v stg t6 fiiltiov avttjg, { fjmi^sv xd' 
utov, iv tjj ttXsvt^ futa^ol^v iniXoyi^fiLsvog^. oi 
H^HQdv l/f( t^g nQdg tdv fiiov tv&vfiiag iq>6difi,v^ 
triv nQ6g tov ^dvatov a<po^iav* o) yuQ ^eaTi- tyf; 
fisv aQhtrig na\ olnsiag ftSQidog imxQaTovarig , fids(a^ 
ijv, t&v 6i ^XXotQiwv xttl naQa (piaiv vnsQfiaXX6jf^ 
TW udsug unsXdtXv sin6vta' . \ 

Aifast fis 6 ikiifi(av avtdg, oiav iya ^iXu * 
ti $v tovio^ /alcndy,^ di/axoXov i] tUQaxfidsg i^U 
ntav imvo^aai^sv ; a yovv sinuiv, llQoxatsiXrififiai^ 
asr f»f^ ''i^XVf ^^^^ ndaav t^v (f^v u(ptjQijfjiat naQsiadv' 
aiv, ov fiOxXolg, ovHk xXsiolv, ovds tsi/satv idaQQV^^ 
Viv kavtdv, dXXd d6yfiaai xal Xoyoig, mv nuat /is* 
TSOTi toig flovXofiivoig, xal dsl fiJidsv unoyivdHfxsiv, 
(irid* uniaTflv tav ovT(a Xsyojuvoav, dXXd &aviid* 
iovttt xal SrfXavvta xal avvsv&ovai&vta, mlQciv S" 
fiu Xttfifldvstv kavtov , xal xaiav6iiaiv iv tolg iXdt^, 
toat TjtQOg td fiiiiova, fii\ (psi;ygvta;fi^di dn(a&oifv^ 



DE TRAifOVlLLITATE ANIMI. 2S7 

*ta trig tpvx^g irjv imfiilBiay avtiay, piibs diadidgd'^ 
aHfovtot, tdxa di ovdsv taxai dvaxfgiarsQov, uviaf 
-ydq i/nnoisi xal . fLukaniav dyhfivaatov 4 mqi rd 
^mirtov dil diaxQlflovaa ital ngdg 76 tjStatov ix jm 
^fiovlritaiv dvaxtogovoa ylvxv&vfila ttjg ipvxfjg. ^ 
ds Mttt ydaov nal n6vov xa\ q>vyfjg (leliiwja fpav" 
xaaiaviqtlataa^atxal nQoafiia^ofiivtj toi loyiOfA^ 
nQdgixaarov, tvgriaHnolv t6 xattiftsvapivov xat 
iidaavof nai aadgdv iv rotg Soxoliat /ailcTro?^ xa} 
^BfitQolg, &g 6 xa&* $xaatov dnodUxvvai X6yog, 

XIX, Kaltoi noXlolxal t6 tov MtvdvdQOv ni* 
ipQlxuatv 

Oux tattv untiv Z^mrta, tovi ov ndaofiat, 
dyvoovvttg oaovjatl ngog dkvniav dya&ov, 16 fiB" 
Ut^v xal diivaa&ai ngog t^v tvyrjv dvst^y6at tolq 
Zfiftaaiv dvttpUmiv, xal^ fi^ notttv iv avtw t&s 
q>avtaciag dtginjovg xal dnaXdg, itanfQ ivaxtatga-' 
^oiffitvov noXXalf iXniatv vnstxoiMjatg dd xal ng^g 
^il&iv dvtttstvoi^aatg^ ixijvo fiivt^ xal ngdg 76v 
Mvavdgov sxofisv finstv 

Ovx sattv tlniiy l^vta, tout ov nfiaofiai, 
dVt sattv sinslv Hnvja, Tovto ov noi^aot, ov ytiif'' 
aofiat, ov ^ndiovQyrjafa , ovx dnoaTSQriafa , ovx int" 
flovXsvafa. . jovto ydg ixp fifitv xslfisvov, ov^fintg^v, 
d^d fiiya ngdg sv&vfiiav ndQsattv. wansQ av tov- 
vavriov 
; *H avvtatg, ott avvoida (5wV flQyaafitvog , 
olov fXxog iv adQxl, t^ tfjvxfi tr,v fistafifltiav, oi^ 
{idacovaav u£» xal vvaa(^msav,\iv»jiolsinft, trigfisv 



258 PLVTARCHI 

fifi^ akXag dnaigH liSTtag 6 X6yo^* t^f dk fiiiditoimw 
avtdg iQydiixai daHVOfiivfig avv aia^^vyfj iTjg tffvx^Sp 
nal xolaiofupfig f vqp^ovi^ff. «$ yd(f ol ^tyovrteg 
^ntdXoig xal nvQSTOig diaxtjt6fiBvot t&p vavra na* 
tfx6vT(ov ^a&tv vn6 xavfiatog ^ XQVovg ftSXXov ivo^ 
XXovvTai xai xdxiov exovoiv , ovtofg iXacpgoTiQag 
^tt td TVx^Qd %dg Xvjtag Santg tSta&iv imqstQOfti^ 
vag, 10 3e, ^ 

Ov Jig ifiol riav aXXog inaiTiog, dXi iyn avtog, 
im&^voiiitvov toig dfiaQtavofiivotg %v5o&tP iS 
oiiTov y fiaQVTtQOv nottX t^ diaxQ^ t6 dXyttvov. o- 
^tv ovTt olxia noXvTtX^g, ovtt XQvaiov nX^dog^ 
ofnM altcDjuor yivovg, ovtb fiiyt&og aQxijg, ov Xdyov 
XdQig, ov dstvoTTig tvdlav naQextt ^i»;i xal yttXiivi(v 
%oaavtifiv, oa^v ipv%^ xa&aQtvovaa nQayfidttav xal 
fiovXtVfiuToiV novriQwv , xal t^v.tov piov ntiyijv s^ 
li^Stog aTdgaxov txovaa xal dfiiavtoV' d<p f^g «^ 
xaXal nQd^ng Qiovaat, xal t^v iviQyttav iv&awftti-^ 
^ xal iXaQav fittd %ov fiiya ipQOVtlv tj[Ovat, ual 
rijy fivrjfifiv ridiova xat /iffitttotiQav t^g HivdaQtK^g 
yfjQOTQ6q>ov iXnidog, ov yuQ al fiiv XtjSavmQldtg 
(id; tXsyt KaQVtdfhjg) xav dnoxtvo&Qat , trjv cuii»* 
iiav inl noXvv xq6vov dva<piQOvatv • iv di %j} ^v- 
XJj %ov voiv ,tx^vtog ai xaXal nQdUtf ovx dtl xe/o- 
Qtaftivtiv xalnQ6a(patovivanoXtinovattrrv inivotav, 
v^ fig %6 xoiiQov aQdttat xal ti&ijXt, xal xataffQO^ 
vd %wv ^OvQOftivtiv xal XotdoQovvtoiv t6v filov, wg 
TAl-a xaxwv x^f^^i ^ <pvyadai6v %6nov ivtaXf&m ' 
tc^g f^alg dnoMttyfiiKOv, 



DE TaAROVlLLITATE ANIML ^ ' 

jiaxtfai^ton ^ivoP Zqwv ^ttgaQHtvaifififyoT ttg Uq^ 
ti^y TiV0t ittu (piXotiftov/Jityov' liv^Q Si (ttntp) ifo^ 
^^i^fiv na(jav ^igay iogt^v iiytXtat^ %at ndvv 
^la^gav, ii atoffqovoMfitv^ Ugdv (jtiv ^aq iyiW' 
tatoy x6aiiog ioTl^ Koi &tonQtneatato9' th ^ 
tov^foi, 6 av&Qtonog tiauyttai did tiji .ytviatng, •cv 
ZtiQOXfir^Tiav o^vdi axiviitav ayaXfidtbfv ^tat^g,dX£ 
ol<|( vovg &tiog alaO-rjtd vofitav gJtifi^qftata , ^pr^lv 
6 Bhditiv^ tfKpvtov iQXijv J^onjg txovta %ou ntviiatt9g 
f^jjvtv, riXtov xal (TtXrivf][v xo» vatQOt no^ notaftovg 
vi9V' vdo^ i^vtcfg dtl, wxt jnjv (fvtoig tt xal Sfitotg 
tQO^dg dvanifJinovaav, (xxv tdv filov fivriatv ■^vta 
naljtXtt^vttlttotdtriv, tv&vjiiag dtX ^tatdv tlvat 
xp^ ^$ovg' ovx ogntQ ol noXXol KQ^viu Mal Ata^ 
vvata xcxl Jlava&^vaut xiu toiaitag dXXag ^fJKQas 
ntQifjtivqvaiv, Xv ria&&ai xal dvaTtvtitatoaiv wvift^v 
yiXofta, fiifioig xal SQXfiOtaig ftia&ovg ttXiaavtBg. 
tTta ixtl (itiy tvg>ijfioi xa&rifit&a xoafiimg' ovdtig 
yuQ oSifQttai fivovfttvog , ovZi &Qr]vtl nl&ia &tdH 
fi^og, %niym ivKppviotg.. ag di 6 &t6g koQtig 
^fiiy^j[0,g7iyti xal^vataynyttt xatatq^vevatv , iv 
odvQfioig td noXXd ndl fiaQV&vfiiaig xal ^tQlfxvoJBg 
imnivotg iiMtQifip^ntg, xal twv fkiv OQyavm x^i* 
gova* tolg initsQnig ^ovai, xal tmv OQvimv toXg 
aiovat^ ^al tunai£ovta xaX nxiQtmta tny {fbm^ 
^dkag SQii0t' xal toiyavthv mQVo^Qig xai fiQin 
XOfiivoig xa\ axv&QfOJidiovatv dvi&vtak* t^ H 
iavt&v filov, dfiti^ xa« xat^inn xaik tolg atffjns^^ 
Pi.YT.MoR.Iir. T 



2^ PLyxARCei 

ioif nd&sailMi m^^uuSi notl (pgopttai fi^dip iti^ 
gag ixoiaatg, 7Ut^$ro¥ dit xal avtf&Xifi6fi6V09 &* 
Q&¥Tsg, ovx ontag. avtol kavtolg dvanvor^y tuf» xa2 
^(^atdivijv mg^vaii^ * n^sy;. oIIl' ovdi itigmp 
fta(^xaXovvti»v Tt^Hixoirrai X6yov, ig. ;|f^NU^syov 
%a\ tolq naQovaiv dfiifJiTitiag avvokfovai, nal tSv 
yeyovdtojv svxai^attag fivijfiovsvaova*, xai n^dg. t6 
Xotn^ tXm tr^v ilnida xal ^paidgdv Bj^ovtfg^ ddtiog 
nal avvn6nttag ngoadSovaiV^ 



nAOYT^J^XOY 

akpi 



•1 d nalaut t^v JioaxolQaxv aqiiliQ{ifiat6t ol^ag» 
tiatat ddxava kaXovai • tati dt dvo tvX» na^dXl^- 
la dval nXaytotg imiiBvyfiiva, xoS &t)Hu t^ gn^- 
9iX<po} twv &9taV ohutov $lvm tov dva&^ifjwto^ ^6 
itotv6i^ xff» ddiaiQnov* ovtn d^ xoi aitdg ifj^t^i 
^tyifivt lUtl Kvvt$, t6' aiiyyQOfifuit tolha nsgl gpiJU»-> 
6iX<pibt^dpat^fju, Hbtviv ^ibi^ oiff^ dHaqov. itp 
^yd^ 9i^ot)^7t»tor< ,. ta%tA Ttq&ttovt^g "011, fu^tv* 
Qi^at^ fi&kXoM 4 mig^auaWla^ai d6isti»^ »tt* td 



t>E FRATERNO AMORE. 291 

fmgov vfi&y itp olg nono^&ovTt, Tiot^ae» tj} itgiasi 
T^y inifiofrjv (ffjiatoTi^ , o^aneg iv XQ^aioli ital 
(0iloitdkBei^ &MaT(u^ ^wtifit^ovvTm. Ugiota^xog fiip 
ovv, S Otoikxtov naTtJQ , imtsnwm»» %6 ttH^^o^ 
wv QOqnoTtiv, tktyn nalak fiiv kma uo(piatttg'(i6it^ 
ytviad-at, t6te di firi ^dtong av Idimag toaoitovg 
tlf^s&ijvin, iytti di dj^ai xad^ tlfiag t^v <piXd3tl<piaP 
ovT(» aifdvtov ovaaVy &g triv fiiaadeX(pittv inl t£p 
nakatwf , i\g yt td (payivta naqadtlyfiata , T^a/^- 
(Uatg nal ^(kTQOtg & /iiog i^^hant , dtat t6 na^ddo» 
Jiow oi di vvv av^^not ndivttg otav ivtvyxdvoMih 
Z^atoXg ddbk(poXg, ^avfiaifivatv ovdiv ^tToy, fj 
toifg MoXtovld(xg ixttvovg , avfitfvtig toig ai^aai 
ytyovivmt (hxovvtag - nal to xQV^^^^ xoivwg tolg 
natgtooig XQ^ao^ xai (pUoig nal dovXotg, o^ttag S» 
ntatov fiyovvTat xoti TtgaTwlhg, &g t6 x^a&tufuctp 
yfvXH^ dyuv a(of/tdtmv x*9^ *^^ ^^* xal ofp&ak- 
fAotg. 

II. Katto^ t6 nop^dSttypta tifg x^fiatmg t&v «i- 
bthip&v, fi (pvaiq oi fianqdv t&tixtv, diXi^ ip aitf 
T^ (fwfMiti td nXuata tiav dvaynaioiv Ihttd nal d' 
dthpd nal MvfMt f/ifix(*yff(fapiivfi, x^^iQ^Sr n69ofg, BfMr 
ftmta, ona, (tvag, i9i9aHev, oTt tavra ndvta 9MTiy» 
^iag Ivtm aeot» avfmqd^otg no^v^g, oi Iha^poQag nai 
fidjn^ •vrc» itiattia^v* avTdg ta tdg jte^fcx^ i2( noi- 
Xovg M)c2 dvi^ovg dantiXovg axi<n»aa, navtmv igyd^ 
rmv ififuXiatom ftml ttxrtnmtettdt fta^x^v, «aia 
jivaS^y6gmP tiff nalai6p iv tmg x^fgal triv tdtimf 
ti&ta^ah tfig dv&qwtivfig iwpiag nai aVviamg. 

T 7 



292 PLVTARCflf 

'mUm tavTov /uii^ loixey dX»i&fg ilvtu rHvavrlor} 
oi yojQ ou x^^^S 6(rj)f£y, avd^gtanog, aofpmatov * aJU' 
QT» fpvaei Xoyixdv ^v moil tix^ixdv, oqyatav q>ifaB$ 
toiovtnv iTvxty. initvo de jfavn d^Xov, &g tx^rd 
aaigfiatog kv6g xal fiuig agxQg V <P^atg ddeX^poig 
di/o xal tgiig xal TiXBlovag iuolTiasv,ov nqog dunpo" 
QttV xal dvtlxa^v, dl£ onvig z^qU ^ytsg, ^XXtiXotg 
liSilXor. avvsgyZaiv, ol yaQ d^ tQia&natoi xeil kxa-^ 
tovtdxBiQtg, iXntQ iyivovto , avfKpvug ovteg nnai 
Tol^ ^Qtatv^ oVi^iv ixtdg avmv ovds x^Q^S idvvav^ 
to nomy o toig jddsXifolg vnaQXtt^ xal fiivuv xal 
daodmAUV afia^.xal TtoXitsvsaSai, xal ymQyuv dv^ 
vafUvotg dt dXXiiXiav' avnsQ ^v ti (pvatg tdfaxsyBi^ 
voiag xal avfiipmlag dgxiv g>vXdTt(aaiv, u M fi^, 
nodSav ov^ev {oifiat) Ikolaovaiv dlXiXovg vnoQxeXt-' 
, Zovtmv, xal daxtvXnv iftnXexofUvtav xa* dtaatQ€q>0' 
fdvw TtaQtt qtvaiv vn dXXiXwv. ftdXXov Se, wajteQ 
cV Tai/T^ aafjiatt fitdg xotvmovvta (pvaeag xal tgo- 
tpijg td vyQtt xa\ IftQd, xal ^ffVXQa xal 6eQftd, tff 
ofiovoifjt xal avfjigxavi^ tr^v dQiati^v xcu ^diqiriv XQm' 
atv iftnoiei xa\ aQfioviav , r^ x^ok oSie nXoiftov 
(paalv. ovte tSg iaodaifiovog dv&Qvnotg (iaaiXfftdog 
dQX&g elvai ttva xdQtv xal ovipiiv ' av de nXeoveiia 
xal qtdatg avtolg iyyivtitat, dtiq>&etQsv ataxujxa 
xal avifix^a t6 idov' ^oStiag d$fX<pfav ,6fio<pQoqvpff 
xal yivog xal olxog vytaivet xal ti&f^Xe , xai <piXo$ 
xal avvrideig , ZaiteQ IfifieX^g x^Q^ , ovd-ev ovxm 
TtQaaaovatv ivavtiov, ovu Xiyovatv, ovte qfQovov» 



DE FBATKRNO AMORE. 293 

^Ev di Htxoaxuaifi , nal 6 ndyxaxog tpfiogB ttftijg' 
'otxijrig Stdfiokog, ij xdXuS nd^svdvg d^qoiiog, ^ :|rd- 
ll-trig pdtanavog, Jbg yotq al v6aoh toig awfiaatf (iiq 
ngoaitfjiivoig td ohttiov, noD,mv iiinotojbatv dt6nf»v 
fial (SXafliQ&v ogsistg • ottfog ^ ngSg t& avyysvsg 
dtaPoX^ x«» wpdgaaigt QftiUag indystai (pavXag xat 
novTiQag slg t& ilXtmg s^ia&sv imq^soiaag. 

T&, '^O fisv ovv *AQxa9tx6g fidvttg dvayxaitdg 
n6da ^vhvov nQodsnoifiattjo, xad^*BQ6dotov ,- t6v 
olxBiov atSQTi^sig' ddfXtpSg di noXsfjiwv ddsXqt^, 
Ttal xTWftsvog 6&vsiov i^ dyoQac ^ naXaidtQag §Ta7- 
^ov, ov&iv totxsv aXXo notilv ij aaQxtvovHal avfih- 
q>vsg sxovaiiog dnox6tpag fiSQog, dXX6TQtov nQoati- 
^sa&at xal nQoaaQfi6ttstv, avTij yoQ ^ nQoadsxd^ 
fiiihri xat ^ritovaa qtXiav xa\ SfiiXiav XQ^i^» ^t^«- 
axst t6 avyysvsg Ttfinv xa* nsQiimiv xal dtugrvXdT'' 
tstv, &g dipiXovg xal dfitxtovg xal ftovOTQ6novg Sfiv 
/ii} dvvafiivovg, firidi ns(pvx6Tag, o&sv 6 Mivav- 
dqog OQSag* 

Ovx ix n6T(ov xal Tijg xa^* tifiiqav TQVtptig 
ZriTOVfisv 0) ntaTSvaofiiv Ta tov fiiov, {(prial) 
JlaTSQ • ov nsQiTThv otsT i^tVQrptivat 
^Aya&dv sxaaTog , idv sxp (piXov axtdv. 
axial ydQ statv ovTong, ai noXXdl (ptliat xatptfti^'' 
fiara xal sY^oiXa Trjg- nQmrig ixsivrjg, rjv natai t« 
TfQdg yovCtg rj (pvaig, ddsXqio7g ts n^dg ddBX(poig ip^ 
ntnoirixt, xdxsivrjv 6 pt^ asP6fisvog firjdi TtfiSiv^aQa 
tiva nioTtv Bvvoiag To7g dXXotQidig didtoatv; ^ noi6g 
ttg iail, t6v ItalQOV iv gn^o^p^avvuigxai^yQdpfia' 



294 PLVTAfiCHI 

uoofiHy ddBl^ov^ t6 de oSifta ^njuv twl «x^t^ 
^imiuv ftawHdv, ov^mg tovvofta 'oi/ita&M nal tifi^p 
iv Mgoigf avxhv di fiuniv vml qnhyHV, ovx iywlr 
vovrdg 4aitVf ovd* iv v^ nmnote t^ ^nftv,mg uyt^ 
tatov xal fUyiatov Uq6v, Xa/idvtog, 

lY. Olda yovv ifuevthv iv*P<ufip 9vhv fdel^&v 
dvadfUifuvov diaitav, uv Sugog iddxH ^iXoao^Blp* 
J^v di, mg boikbv, ov fiSvov dOtK<pbg dlkd iml q^M" 
ao<poc yftvdenlyQaq^og nal yftvdAvvfiog* ifiov ym^ 
Siiovvxog avxbv ^ ddeX^ uai i9mtp <piX6ao^9 
n(foa<piqsa&ai' l^avxa (ilnsv) m? ng^g idmi^v «- 
l^&&g' iym 8i ov afftvQV ovdi ftiya noiovftai,r^ 
iu t&v avTav fioglatv ysyovivm, ^ fuv (Itp^iviydi) 
dijXog Hfitidi id iu fioQlmv ytyovivai, fdya xot* of- 
av6v fiyovfttvoc. dXX* oiyt Twvttg aXXoi, tl ua% ftij 
<pgovovaLV ovt<ag^ Xiyovat ycwv ual ^dovaiv, ^g 
yoyttfat tifiriv jiita &tavg ngtsttjv xot» fityiatfjv ^ 
te <pvxng, o tt triv q^lmv aa^v v6fi<tg dnid<aut* ual 
oiu uftiv ott fMuXXov dv&Q<on<H ufzaQiafiivov &to7g 
dg&aiv, ^ toutvaiv avtZv u<xX tgoipHfa^ naXcitdginl 
viaig davsM&eiaag Jt^^To^ svfitviag ual nQO&v^<og 
hniuovttg, oid* av naXiv fitiSoiV inidtiiig d&^v 
yiyovt tr^g ntQl yovfHg dhy<oQiag ual nXijfifitXtiag» 
dt6 tovg fikv aXiovg uau&g nouXv dntiQtitai' fifitQ* 
d* alt<>v.uai natgl t6 fi^ isaQ^tiv iavfoifg dQwv^ 
tag del u<u Xiyovtag 4<p mv tv<pQavoljvtai, u^v /i^ 
n^ap t6 XvnotVf ■dvdaiov i^yovvtai ual a&tafiov. 



DE FKATEHWO AMORE. 395 

«fc ovf ian nagd ntddm yo^Aw q n^i^ ^ af<=^«( 

mddif&if ^walttg ptfdiQV «o» ifiMag^ 

vm uvna/Att&HV» Znov faq mn6xQ$pa vifMffuvov 
ini natgdg ^ famdigvlol n^n%kaH^ovng, 9tal ipv 
TcSr Moi x^(^wv -tSg tjitHgov 'i§uloZvj(g, 'iv4wnv ov- 
%ov^ «v» nhw xiiiiAuo^trtfi noQoifAiMVog mx» Xnnog 
SntBvm ^dootidiymv utA ^dotlfmv ytfivwv, jr- 
X^vtm 08 To^ natoiv «xgioafjtata jcoS ^w^aia ml 
«^^A^Tftff, «V^ i&txifpcfiav aCtoi^ diaiA^ovo^ mii xa-* 
rm^qavovatv' nnov ftetgteag Ifxovaivvioig diagit^ih' 
fuvoiG aal ikiaovQiv ikUilovg «a) nawAg Xi/ovat, 
nou ng^g BQya xal n(fii^ig oivtitattoftivoig M, moI 
uatmXvofUvoig vn aiU^iUoy; ovn av «liroi tig* ovx- 
otfv tovvavtlov igSvtBg aXX<iXiiitv tta$ ipdo^rfsg <?• 
Mip6$f xaft oaov ij fiaig toig aiafiaai diiatfiaiVt 
M TflniT^ tolg na^BOi ual toXg ngAyftaaiv lano^k-' 
tivtig^ aai X6yovg uotvovg xai diatgilidg Sfta nal 
nailkdg fist oUiBilui' ^x^vti^, r^ddav na} fiajiaglai^ 
nagtaMvduaai yti^otg4q>ov totg yovtl^ai t^v^U«- 
dtlXqilav, ovtt ydg q>iX6Xoy6g natr^g ovtt&g^ oi^?t 
q>iXiufiogf ovu q>iXozgtH*«tog yiyovtv, ig qnUit^ 
Mvog - di& toiig vlovg ovt€ Xiyovtag ovtt TiXovtovy" 
tag ovxB u^vtag fl^iwg oiitiag ng filovvtag aXX^^ 
lovg (Qvmv, UnoXXmvlda ovv t^v Kvl^utfivnv, £«- 
SABvovg Si T0|/ fiaaiXivig fi^tigoi* xa* tgt&v SXXw^ 
*4rtdXov ^al ^tXBtaigov xal U&fivalov^Xfyovai fith 
ufiQt^Btv havt^v dt} ttai tolg ^Botgxdgtv %e«fy oC 



296, PLVTAECHl 

Sici t6v nXotioP, ovdi dui trjv ^ye/iOffi^, dU^ ott 
TO^ T^<% vloifg ko§(^t6v ii^§0%atop dogvq>ogotfv* 
xag, n^muvov iv fUaoig, aditolg i^6qata %al St^ <)pa- 
' qo^^Qiv aSmg diavt^iAsvov &amq av tovvavtiov^ 
"AQta&g^g aia&6}jiivog'^x^^ ''^^ ^^^^ im/hSovXtV' 
u6ta toXg ddsXqiolg, d&vfi-^aai dm&avB, XaiBnol 
n6Xe(iOt ydq ddtXqSfv, &g Evqml^g t^fpthv, ovng^ 
XalsTKOTatot tolg yovtvaiv avtolg uaiv. S ydg (i^ 
aSfv tbv ddsX(p6v adto^ xal /iaQVvdfuvog^, ov t^va-' 
taifirj t6v ysvv^qavta giififpw&a^ xalt^v ttxoi^aar, 
YI. '0 /i€V oiv nuaiQtqatog intyd(iQv iv ^it<- 
xltjt oiai tolg vioTg, tqni, xdXovis val dya&ovg ixEi- 
vovg Blvat, tlyoiffitvog $ti nXsid)fm i&Httv toiodtw 
natrJQ yivia&ah j|r^jro» ^xa» dikaioi lialdig, ov 
fi6vov dtcttovg yovBigdyanriaovtji fioXXov dlX^iovg, 
dXXd ttdi: toifg yovtlg dt" aXXriXovg*' oifimg dft xdl 
• (pQovotfVtsg xal Uyovttg, Su toJg yovsljaiv avtlnoX- 
Xoiv xoQtv &(ptlXorug, fidXtata ^td tovg d&tXxpoig 
otptiXovatv ' o^ totfto drj xtrjfidtmv andvtav nfiim" 
tatov xal ^dtatov sj^vttg nag avi&v, tii yi rot 
xaVOfifiQog ntnoifiXB TriXifiaxov iv avfttpoQ^ t6 
dvddtXq>ov tt&ifiBVOV' 

JISb yuQ ^fittBQi^v yBVkrjV fioivam KQOvikstv^ 
6 dt^aiodog ovx bv naQatvtl fiovvoytv^ ndiddt&v 
natQt^m inixXriQov tlvat, xai talata t&v ftovdtSv 
yByaviag fio&fitngi ag SfiOiH d^ tSvotav itl xal ^iitf- 
dtXtpiav ovdag^ oZi6»g »v6fia1lov pioifaag. nQitg fth 
^iv yont^ 4 9tXadBXq>itt totovtiv iattv, SatB Td^i* 
Uir «Hialf^i Mv&ifg dn^i&y t&«t« «ov nml vlv 



DB FRATEKNO AMORE. 297 

nat9ga*fihiip xo» vvjy nr^tiqa* *nqSq di naXdag «&« 
%ov, dtdayfjia xal naqddHyfia <piXaifiXqfiag, olov^v» 
^iv aXlo* xal toivavtiov av ndhy noyfi(f6», wgntq 
i^dytiyQuifov natqdov,, r^y (iiaadiXiptav dvahxfi^ 
ffdvovaiv. 6 yoQ ^ Hxatg xocf atdasai xal dywti 
ngdg ddsXipovg tyYtpiqan^, Bha toifg vioitg 6uo' 
' vobZv noigaxaX&v, 

ZiXXm latqdg, adxdg fXKsai pqvm, 
da^&^v^noifi totg egyotg t6v X6yov: d yovv 6 Sr^- 
ffatog^EtnoHXijg nqog t&v ad^fdv ilgriiiag' 
Idayffav 8v tX&otfi' al&iQOg ngog. dvtoldg,, 
JCa* yfjg IVe^^cy,. i^vvutdg &v dgdativ tddt, 
T^v t&v &IUV fisyiattiv Sat tx^iv tvqavvida * 
totg afftov ndXiv naQfTttXsv&to tinvotg^ 
*ia6tfita thfi^v, fji qdXovg dti iflXotg^, 
h6Xsig rr n6Xsat , avftfnd^ovg tc avfAfiaxoig 
2vvdH* t6 ydg Xaov fjt6vtfjiov dv&gtanoig itpv, 
tig oi» Sv avToy nat(<pq6vfias ; noXog 3* av r^v 6 
^tgsvg, 41 toiavta dtijsviaag t6v ddsX(p6vf iyvwfio- 
' I6ytt ngdg tovg nalHag'^ 

^iXav yt fkivtos x^rfitg r\ nq^g olfKaxogy 

M6vf\ xorxo^ ^iovtog:wptkiiv ipKXti, 

Ylll ^h^xai yovieav xox^y yfigoTQ^ipov oiaav, 

ttaluaxiova naid'ojQ6(f>ov tixvw, ixxa^atgtivngog' 

" ifxti Tijy fnda9tX(piuy^ sati ds ual ngdg noXitag 9td'- 

PbXog xttf xatfiyogog • Qlovtai ydg ovx av ix toa^g- 

' (k <rvvtgQtplagxalavvffd([»gxal'olxu6xiltog,ix^gQVi 

xal nQXtfdovg ysviQ^atf fn^ naXXd xal noviigd avv- 

u86tag dUiJJloig. t^sfdXat ydg aUim f*t^iA^f i^a' 



298 PLVTAllCHI 

Xvovaiv evwttt^ xa» ^XUivZ&iv 'Ov8i ij^dhog av* 
d-ig ivdixovrai' Stalvofig, SantQ ytig td ov^nayiV" 
ta, tt^v x^^^^H ^^ 4t^o^<^v ivBij[£W ndiir Ss^^» 
vai nal gvvbI&hv avfiipvtwg ii amfiatog (ayivtog 
^ ax^a&ivtog, tQyov ^arl 3t4XXfiaiv HfQHV ko^ aifj^p^ 
aiv * ovTQi^ ai ^h vnA XQ^^ avvfjfifiava^ ^>tiUn 
%av Siaarmtv^ oi xaXsnStg av&tg •dvakaupdvowxm, 
ddsXfpol di tov Katd ^vaiv iania^vtsg^-^vtiH f^SUig 
avvigxovtw h$v avviX&aa*, (vna^v aal vjto^ 
ntov ovXr^v al SiaXvasig itpiixovtat. itaaa fiiv ovv 
BX^&^ nQ^ Sv&^nov av&qmTH^ ptttd t&v ptdXiata 
Xvnovir[a)v ivSvoftsvtj na&m, {piXoniitlag, o^>^g^ 
g>&ivov, pivtiaiitaxiag, odvv9j(^v iau iwl taQax^dEg' 
fi dk ngbg ddsX^lv^ «i &vq^ ts uoivmvslv ^vd}^» 
ital ifgSv natgftorv , i(i6ta^i6v re ytvia&ai^ ntalnav 
ahvotnov ^ yiltova xf^iiitav p iv ^(iftaoiv exH to Xv- 
nijgdv, vno[it(ivfiaxovaa aa^ i^i(^v tl^g tivoiag 
xal naga^Qoa^fig, dt riv tb ildtatov ng^aomov jco» 
avyytviatatov elSog^ aHvS-Qtan6tatov , ^ t6 Tt^a- 
iptXfig in vidjv tpw^ xal «vv^&fig, axov.aat q>Qfis(fm^ 
tdtij yiyovs. noXXoifg di t&v aXkov ddsXtpStv «^ayt«- 
tsg olxltf fjit^ ts XQ*Hf^ovg xal tgani^ «al X^Q^otg 
dvsfifitoig xal avdqaisd^otg , aiio* xal tpUovg dtfj» 
gfivtai naldvovg, ix&gd ndvtd td n^atptXvj toXg 
ddsXipotg vofiliovtsg * xctl toAta, Tsaatv iv fiia^ Xo* 
yK,sa&at na^vtog,ou Xffiatotjiiv ts <piXot Kalavfi^ 
n6jat , xrijTOi ds xti^satal xa\ avri&itg, t&v n^tt^ 
tmv SgnsQ SnXoiv ^ ogydvoiv dtacp^agivto^, ddiX' 
q>ov ds dvtlxtfiaig ovxsattv, £gnsQ **vds x^tQ^g ©-^ 



E rRATEIllNO AMOilli. 299 

Jlfgaig elmv^ dvrl iwv Tcxrert' kXqfjiivtj awaai t^v 
adfXqi^v^ ovi Tialdag fdv higqvg xt^aaa&on dvvan* 
avt a8iX(p6g di aXXog aixfi, yovimv fir^ infov, ovx 
Sv ^'ivoito, 

VHI. Tl '9^Ta xgi n(Huv {qtahj %ig av) ofm 
(pavXog d9fX(p6g yivqitoi ng&tov ixetvo nvfifiovd- 
uVf oTi navxog •Sntetai yivovg ipdiag { <pavX6t7ig, 
nal, Hatd tdv SoffQxXia, 

Td nXt%attt tptagw^, alost^ ipt»gdaiig ^gotQv* 
ovte ydg ti avyyevixdv^ o^te td etaiQtidv, ovte id 
igmixov elXixgiveg nal ^na&eg xal xa&ag6v iativ 
evgelv xaxlag» 4 fiev •ow jidxojv fuxgdv ^vaixa 
yilltag, e(f^ td iXdxtata detv aigeia&ai tmv xaxd^v * 
dbiXqiotg de (fatpgi^tag nagouviaeiev Svttg, td oU 
xeiitatatmv xaxwv vnofiiveiv fi«XXov,l^ migaa&at 
j&v aXXotghav xovto ytig aviyxhritov , ^ dvay-^ 
xalovj ixeivo de %pexthv, 4^ ai&aigetov, ov ydg 6 
avfinSttjg, oiHi 4 avvi^^og, ovSi 4 Jfiw^ 
^ ^l^o^^ «^^aAxec^Toiaty ei&jxtai nidaig. 
dX£ 6. avvttiuog xal avvtgo(pog, xai 4fionat(ag xal 
ojiofiriitag, ^ X(A t&v afAagrtjftdtav eix4g iativ em» 
'XJOigeHv evia, xai nagiixHV Xiyovja ngdg ddeX^dv 
eStxfjiagtdvovta * 

Tovvexda* ovdhvafiai ngoXtntTv difatvjvpvidvta, 
xat (pavXov xal dvdtitov, fiij xal Xd&(a ti natgwov, 
^ fjiritgwov, ivtatayfiivov dnb aniguatog vdarjpta 
XaXenaig xal jiixgwg t^ fitaeiv iv aol xoXd^^av» Tovg 
fuv ydg dXXotgiovg (j&; eXeye Oi6(pgaatog^ ov (pi' 



500 PLVTARCai 

lovpta dei w^lvstv, aXXd nQlparta, ^uluif Suov K 
^ ijpiais riytiiovlay r^ ngiasi nQ6g tvvouiv ov dld^ 
oiv, ovd* dvafjiivu t6v ^QvXXoufitvov %&v akw fU* 
iifivov, dlXd avyyiyivvfixB Ti}y dgx^f^ ^9? ^tliagt 
irtav&a Su /uij mnfovg sJvat, ftffii dxQifitlg T«y 
anaQtiiftdmv itfiTaardg, yw* di xi av liyoig, $1 
&'yoiy dv&Qum&tv xaX dkXoTQitav- in n^Tov %iv6g { 
naidiag t} naXaloTQag nQoaip&aQivTiur afntgT^funa 
Qffdiatg hnoi q^iQOVTBg xal fid6fi8voig dvaxoXot xai 
dTtOQaiTiiTOi nQog Tovg ddiXqtoifg uaiv; onov »at 
xvvagxaXBnovgxalmnovg, noXXol diXhyyag, al- 
XolQOVg, m&Tixovg ,^ Xiovjag TQiqioVTtg xal dyan&v- 
Ttg, adtX(puiV ovx vnofiivovaw OQydg, { dyvoiag, % 
q^tXoTifiiag; hsQOi di naXXaxiai xai n^Qvaig olx^g 
ital dyQOvg xaTayQd(povTsg, vntQ olxoniiov xal ytt- 
>ias nQdg dlisXqiOvg dtafiOvofjuxxoZaiv j stTa t$ fii- 
aadiXifto fuaonovtiQiav ovofta &ifisvoi,.n8QivoaTOV' 
aiv iv ToXg ddeXqioXg ti})i xaxiav nQ0§aXX6fuvo% xa\ 
XoidoQovvTfg , iv di voXg SXXoig fifj dvaxtQaivorug, 
dXXd xQ&fiBvoi noXX^ xal avv6vTeg, 

IX. Tavri fiiv ovv ccfto nQOoifua tov X6yox 
navTog. dgx^v di ujg MaaxaXiag, fiij tiji' rifitioiv 
Tfuy ntxTQffoiv, SantQ tTtQOi, Xdpmfitv, dXXd Tijy Sri 
^nrwv afiaQTavofiivtjv t£v yovinv SfitXXap »a^ {)|- 
XoTVTilav. oi ftsv yuQ tq>OQOi>,. tov ^AyriaiXdov tih 
dnodtixwfiivoiv dtl ytQ6vTuv ixdoT^ §olv dqiguov 
nifinovTog, iif}fiUaaav aVT6v, aUiav vntm6vTig,ori 
Tovg xoivovg tdiovg xTara^ dtiftaymyoiv Halxf^Q^t^- 
utvog* vlf 8$ Sv ng naQaivvfM&iQantis^v yovsXc 



DE FRATERKO AMORE. 30I 

7117 nx&fUfw lcnni^ ji6vt9^ firff Aq kavr^v anoarQi' 
tpoPta r-^v ivvotap^ (^ TQdTn^noXlolxaTaSriiiayiayov^ 
ai> jovg ddtktpovg, svnqsTiij nq6q>aaiv^ dv Stxaiav 
Oe, %ijg nXsov^lag TavTr^g txovtsg» i3 ydg fiiywxov 
xav naTQWfov xal xdXktaxov dnoauQovaiv avioi/g, 
Tijy Bvvotav, dvtXev-&igoig xal navovgyiag vnoTgi^ 
^ovTsg, kv xatQw Ta7g ixsivoiv daxoXiatg xal dyvoiaig- 
invtt&sfi(Vot, xal ftdXtaia naqixovxtg tvidxiovgxal 
%a%rix6ovi avxovg xai awpgovag, iv olg ixdvovg »- 
fjtaQxdvovtag ^ doxovvvag Sgwat, 8u da xovvavxlov, 
Snov fih ogyrj, avv£xdixsa&at xat awvnodvsa&ai, 
xat&dnsg tu avvegy&iv noiovvTaxovq>6Tfgov, vnovg" 
yiettg de X(x2 xdg^at avvftanotstv df^coaycn(ag tov d- 
deXqrov* iXXfinortog di nov xaigov i!\ nga^iv sTigav, 
T^v ipifotv cnTtaa&at, •&g fjtaXXov ngdg SXXa j^gi^at' 
fioiTigav xal atfivoTigav oiaav, sif d* c^c» xal t6 
Tov^AyafiifJtvovog, &g 
' Ovi oxvf^ iXxtov, ovT dq>gadir]at v6oio, 
' UXt ifjti T flaog6mv , xal ifi^v noTtdtyfiivog og^ 

Tt^fjtol TovTO Tuxgadovg t6 xa&ijxov, ^(^ea); di xal 
T&v ovofidTOJv Tag fisia&iattg ot naTigsg ngoadixov^ 
tat xal ntoTtvovat Tolg vloTg, anX6TfiTa fJtivT^v 
^&Vfiiav Tmv dSsX<pSiv ovofwtiovatv, 6g&6triTa di 
x^v axatixrjTa , t6 de <ptX6vHxov dxaTa<pg6vriTov * 
&ni T^dtaXXdaaovTt mgltart TJjy ng&gTdv ddsXqidv 
6gyr^v iXaTTovv dfiilt , xal tijv ngbg havTbv ivvoiat 
avSttv T0% naTg6g. 

X. Oiroi d' dnoXoytiadfABVOv, fidri ng6g ixihov 



502 PLVTARCHI 

^H %Qima&m,. »m uctd ohtuad^m a<podQ6tsQoy r^ 
a/jidQTiifia , ical t6- eXlnitfia fiim naQ^r^aia^ ifdft- 
Tfvvfisrov» oLTcs ytXQ icpiivai dfl joig tidshpois, ovz 
av n^Uv imii^alvuv otnoQxwfowut^ avrolg, [td fiiv 
faQ imxaiQOvti^ iartv,. iniivo di avvs^giaQtdvov^ 
toij sA%a XfideiJiiva it«l avvaxd^oidvfa j^^^ff^a* t^ 
vov&tTOvvxL. yivBjat 9i wxtfiyoQog adtli^v a^o- 
dQdtajog nQd^ aiiov, S nQO&v(i6vaTog vniQ avxov 
avvriyoQng TiQdg zovg yovitg yiv6fisvog» av di f/ttidiv 
agiOQjaviav a^k<pdg iv an/^ yiytiiat, TuSlXtt fiiy v- 
novpytiv yovivat %a\ qtsQtkv oQpiy ts naaav aitwy 
yal dva^iQStav,. imttxig * ol Si vnsQ adshpov naq 
i^ktv xauag «xoiovvog iy jpAaj^ovtog dvttdiKtat xal 
dtxaioXoyput 7BQ6g aitovg,. afttfATttot xai xaXai' xal 
ov ipojiiitiov movaat td 2oip6HXstoy " 

Jl nm xdMiavty dtd dixijg idiv TuxtQl,.. 
naf(fiaia^6f/tsvov vtks^ adsXqiov Hoxovyrog ayv^- 
fMvsta^at • xal y»Q avtoig ^ t^taitri dixi^ lotgiley» 
Xafdvoig; TMMfX ti^ fjvwv ridi» tijg. vi-xfig^ 

XI. l4nodmv6ytog: y% fi^ TtatQi^ iftqfisa&ak 
^StXXoy ^ 7iQ6tBQoy OQ&ag ^st tji svyoi^ t&y^d(kX^ 
qfiy^ si&vg fiiy iv v^ avvdaxQvuy xal awdg&s» 
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dXXotg, S lAvdoXoyovatntQl tQv JwaxoifQW t^i 
^tXadsXfjpia^ xal ott » Holvdsvx^s^^ %&y ttataffft^* 
Qil^oyj» tov ddBXiqfov n^aiitivr myl^ilig naiaag. 
u^HtBtyey, ink di tfjy yif/iffaiy t&y natQt^my, fi^ 



DE E^RAfERNO AMORE* 303 

iittayyiiietiwi. Ali^otg niXtftov, {&gTttg otnoXJtol' 
Klv&* aliiX» mUfiOV '^'iyatt^) in na^axiv^g a- 
WyT^f* akkd[M,iata Sh ti^v ^fii^av ixtivtjv q>^ 
Xatto^ovg, ug tdig fth t%&Qag Avri*iatov xal dia* 
^Qog, «fi^ 8i iptkia^ ««» iftopohg oiaav aqxriv, 
utiktOT^ fiiv tti^i^ na^* lavtovg, el di fiTJ, q)lkov 
itotvov mtnf^fog ufitfotiQoig fitiQtvgog, tvyvotftO' 
vo^vtag Mmig KkifQOtg, ^ qiJiaiv ^ Hksatav, td <plka 
»«r» ngoaittovta kafipAvovtag xtt» dtd^i^tag, oVsa&a^ 
tri^ intfiikstm vifua&at xal t^ oinovoftimf,^ XQn^^ 
^ ual nt^atv iv fti^^ ns^kf&a* notvrjv nal ovififiTov 
mAvnfV» 0» M nal ttt^e^ Anoanwttg akkriktav 
Mx» vwtQitpw^ nal avvii&ttg naldag, vit^^/SblA^^e* 
P0$ «o7s ^tiayfiuSg^ i^iaai» wdqandSov ttfiijv itkiov 
Mjiovt^, td di fiiyt^mf nc» ttfiukatov tw natgtif'- 
a^f^tkiav ddthpoi nai' ntmiiv drmdt^^gi. Movg 
9i nai in^^&g fptkoiftMiag ^vw» )^^9»iiivovg to^lg 
nmtQi^ig^ ov^sr Smtti^attQBV if kaq>VQOtg tofUv. mv 
wiA Xagt9ik9ig nal *AvtioXH ?<^ «^ *^hsoiivttoi' nal 
fAq fnmafia dtan6j^vttg AQyvQovv,.nat iftArtQV Ata- 
rtpdi^lkg an^taav:,. SamQ in tQaytx^g tivog nafd- 
^ttSy ^*pttf ati^tf- Smfia ikaXax^ttg» o* di nal 
Shiyohf^ Hgiig ktiQmfg yavQt&vttg, on tmv adtk^ 
ffS^r lW£POVQyi<fi ««• ^Qi^iitifitk nal naQakoytofi^, 
tM^ tax^ iv t^ pifitaiShat* ikov iydlkita^t nal 
idya ipQorVsH/V' inuiatt^ m)A xdgttif nal imiitt tuq^ 
ytvofdvovg^ oi9«y otrtfir iofttv ^^vo^uqov fafivij'' 
a9mr na^ pifMnimdv yt ndivttg: thoq' ^Xv^ ^v ydf 
aitk<p6g^ TrgtapiiwQog aitw^ oM>^ot^'i>AN'^ ml noklA 



304 PLVTA.JaCHI 

j^g oiaiag imxgtmionf duq^(^9i, , ^slcg di a^naU 
amg yvvaUta *a* xaTttd$Maad*ig^ anuUae r^v ov- 
aiav, Hg t6 Kalac^og %afu%Unf iyaXfi<p^uHXP, 6,6* 
*A9iiv65nQog ^p fth fri /iu^«ior oidinta ysvsMir'^ 
anododivTog ds tov fUQOvg aSi^ tw X^W^J^^ ^^ 
m(jmd8 t6v adiXipdv , aX^stg itiaov ofnayra xafa- 
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uovovfuvog, oix fi/avaHtfiiatv, ovdi jutip4tiaa», ai- 
Xa nQ^f»g koI ikagiig ijvtyxs tov aSdipov t^v «fi!04- 
av, mQi^idritov iv tj 'jEkXddt ^«yo/isV^y. 

XII. *0 fisv ovv JS6Xnv ano<p^vdiMisvog nsffi tto- 
Xitsiag, &g la6ttig axdaiv ov notsX ^^ sdo^sv, oxXt' 
%(Sg, aQi^fAiitix^vxaldmiOHgatiH^v imiaoYSAV dva^ 
Xoyiav dvtl tijg naXijg yt^etQtx^* 6 ds iv <Hailif 
nagaiv&v ddsXj^olg, fidXiata (isv, mg 6 nXdtsiv ^va- 
g^vs* taig voXitatg , t6 i(i6v i$a^tv nai t6 ova ^ 
ji6v, u 6s ni, T^v tativ dyan$v, nal t^g tai^ fse^ 
Zsa&ai, uaX^v x^m^o xal,n6vi(iov 6fMVoiag wl 
si^vjis »ataliaXX6juv6g iats, 'X^^^^ ^ ^ m^o* 
dsiyftaatv ivd6$}ig * ol6v iatt xal t6 vov JltttaMt^m 
nQ6g t6v fiaatXsa Jtvd&v nvv&av6jtsvov, si jt^/UH 
td iat^v avj^x, BtnXaaita, sbuy, ^ ifiovX6f;trif^ jov 
d9sXq>ov^ ts&vtiit6tog. iml 6* ov fi6voy iv x^fidtttv 
xt^ast nal fuiwtst t^ nXsQVS noXsf/iiov xa^latazM 
ioijXaaaov, dXX^ anXaig, jf (ptiatv 6 Jlldtnv iv^f/u^ 
dys^fiaXia xivijatv , iv ds 6fial6tiju atdatv iy/ivs' , 
a&at ica» ftov^, ofjtio nSaa fisv dvufittjg inta^a-' 
X^g iatt nq6g 6taqiOqdv adtk<piav • iv naai d* taov^ 
ysvia&at xal 6fiaXovg, ddifvatov. td ^v ydg flcl 



DE FfiATERNO AMOBE. 305 

^ifaag ivSifg aviaiag viftovmn, ta ^e vatBgoy ul tv» 
Xtit, q>^'6r&vg iiinoidvap niXh Sfi^owitiag, ataxtaja 
voofifiura Httl if^ifag , ovk oixiaig fi6vov, aXka nai 
n6Uatv aU^glovg, dtl xal Tat/ta qtvkdttfadvti, xal 
^B^mhttv, av fyyivfftat, t^ fjth oiv hnBgixoVu 
na^atviautv av tig, ngwtov jjiiv olg dotPti dmpiQBiv, 
tmnaxotvdnotsiv tolg ^dtXqfotg, avvsmxoafiotvta 
tfj 36^11 ual awtianototvta taic (ptXlatg'* x^ Xiystv 
htrdt^iog ij, xjfV^^'*^ naj^izavta t^v Hvvafitv, &g 
inuvov ftrf&iv ifttov ovaav snstta ff^tt ^yxov ifi" 
qfahnvttvd fintt tmgoyflar, aXkd fi&XXov ivdtd6v-' 
ta xo* ifvy»a9iiyta tw ^^* t^v vmgoxiiv •dvsnl-' 
if&Mv notHv, aal t^v t^g tixv^ dvmftaXiav ina- 
vtaovv, wg awat6v iatt, tjj fistgi6ttitt tov (pgov^* 
ftateg, 6 fiiv civv Ati^uoXXog ov% ^^wst to% «dci- 
^oi) ng6tzqog ttfv dgix^v Xafisiv ngeafiiftkffog tiv, 
dlkd t6v tnftot nagttg xatQ^v, tdv ixdvov n^ti» 
UHvtv. 6 ^i JUoXvdtifxrjg ovdi ^edg.tid^iXfiat fdvog, 
ttXXA ftttXkov iifii&Bog a^v t^ ddtX^ ytvio&at, nal 
t^g &vflt^g fieqidog fiBtaaxur im tm fitta9ovvai> 
T% d&avaaiag ixsivo^» aol di, (<paifi ttg Sv^ «o ^o- 
xd^B., fifi^iv iXatiovvti t&v nqoa^vttav aya&Stv, 
{fndgjX^t avVB^ofiOiovv Hai awmatoaft^v thv nbBX- 
tpbv, ^dntg avtdg, •dnoXaifovta tijg ntQl ai d6ifig, ^ 
dgtt^g, ^ BVtvxhg* SamQ JlXdtcifv toifg ddtXqfOvg 
ttQ rd ftdXXiata tmv aviov avyyffafifidttov ^ifitvog, 
dv0fiaatovg iftoifiaB, rXaifmnfa ftiv ttal Udtifiavtov 
tig t^v noXtttiav, 'Ayttfp&vta di tbv vtfatatov^ ^g 
t6v Hai^fiBvidfiv^ 

Px.VT.M0R.ni. IJ 



306 1*LVTA.RGH£ 

* XHL '!Et$Tolpvv &jiitp iyytPoifiM ruig <fvaBai 
xal t€ug titx^iQ t&p adtlq^&y avLa&tr^T-t^ 9^T<ag iv 
nSa$ nul navttaq vne^x^ip tdp higoy diH/taxdy hg^, 
%d fiip x^' atQix.Hdr q^aatP in /Aiag vXiig. yiyoripai, 
tdg ipaptu»vUug ixopta lUfpdfiiig' dvtip d' ddai- 
q>ap ia> fnag (iUtg^ Jtal Ttujg^ taitov yiyopdkw, 
ovdtlc yiigau8't6p fup,. w$ top iu tljg. atoSg aoift^p, ' 
^^v xaXdp,. hvxaqt^^ihfv&iqiop, tvtifiop, nloiaiqp, 
Ssipdp elmiP,,7tolv(ia&i}t gnldp^bQmnov t^ dihc* 
^p^ aiaxq&p, SxagtP, aPtUvi^^p,. atifiOp,.ano^p, 
da^p^. Tugl Idyop, dfio&^ fuadv&ganop* dlXtn' 
atiP ufMayinoig udl toig^ealMotigoig nal timBaion-' 
gotg ftat^ tig-xdqitogp, if Jk^wi^eco^ ^. 7tQ6g. w- xoil^ 
tvipviag,. 

'Slg dp ixipinadag, wxl dpd T|^e«ay OPonH»^ 
^voptai fialapav av^taUvHoUap,, 
tavta.toipvp 6>dox»P nXiop ^««y ip alXoigy Sv fi^ 
xolovfi, fivfi* BniHijvntff, ^tfii-ndvtm, SanBq i» d- 
ywvi^tdp dSsXqfiv i^fo&jj t&p nQmtiiap,. dX£. dpdv' 
mikp,. Koii' dnoqfiUvji. ng6g. nokld^tXtii^xdlx^o^' 
fifattgop iHUVQv,. vq^aiQwP dtl tov qit&6pov T^y n^- 
ifiaaiP,, SanigvXfiP Tov nvgdg, ditoafiiati, fiSXXop 
di oXwg OMK. iddt*. Xafiuv yiptanp,, ovdi ahataauf, 6 
di jcol avP€ffy6v , ip olg. dotui xqtlitw avt6g. siPai, 
noioiifitpo^ t6p ddtl^i^p dflttdiavfiflovXop,. oiar, 
ip dikaig. QfitOQiuiig m, Jp <»^j^a7$L 9ix>iUTevd^e>H>fi» ip 
ngd^ai ipiXtttalg.' avPtXdpti d* f l;^i#v/f 9^<f^ ^<o- 
^ypv udi tifi^p ffiQOPtog. tQyov ntQioqS» dnolMr 
ndfitpop,. dXXd ttap uaX&p 'itdptap HOipnp^ mo- 



DE FilATERNO AMORE. 307 

ipalyay, tcoI xgtofievog nttgSvtt,xal mgiftiymp an^y^ 
Tof, xff» olonq avvffi<pttlv(oy , ort ngaxttxig fnkv ov^ 
Titiov avtov , notQnxtaQritiitvg di fialX6y iatt Ii6^iig 
ital dvvdfKatg, ovdiv iavtov n^iQaigolfJisvog, iittiyof 
fitydXa nQoatldria* 

XIV. T^ fAtv ovv vntQtxovu roiavtd tig av 
naQatviatw tiJ di Xtmofiivf» ndXtv iv&vfiijtiov, ag 
ovx tig^ ovde fi6voq avtov nXovaimtQog; ? Xoymxf^- 
Qog, Tj XafinQdttQog tlg d61^ay O' ddtXqi6g iattv, dXXd 
9H>lXiixt$ TtoXXwv djioXHhsta^ ital fiVQidmig fxvQimv, 

J£vQv6dov y oQOi xaQn6v alvvfi^da x^ov6g^ 
tfvf 5^ naat ntqtvoattt tp&oyav , tXtt fi6vog avtov 
iv Toaoiftotg tvtvxovaiv & (piXtatog dvia nal 6'avy' 
ytviatatog, vntQpoXfiv itiQ^ xaxodaifjiovtag ov Xi- 
Xo^TttV. mnsQ ovv MittXXog ^tto dtlv 'Ptafjuxiovg 
Totg &to%g xdQkV sxtiv, ott ^xmiwv iv hiQ^ n6Xtt, 
totovtog btVyOVH iytyy^&ri' ovtmg txa&rog tvxia&io, 
udXtata fjiiv avt6g tvnQa&a diaqiiQtiy, tlf^ ftij,t6v 
adtXip6y avto^ trjv fyXovfjiipriy txeiv vntQOX^v xal 
dvyafiiv, ol di noXXol dvno TmpvHaatv dtvxtlg ngdg 
Td HaXdv, Satt ipiXotg fjtiv ivd^^otg dydXXtax^at, xal 
ftiya fpQovtiv,. av ^vovg tiyffiovtxovg xalTiXovaiovg 
tXOMt, tdg di tSiy ddfXqMV XafJtnQ6tritag altSy d* 
fJtmVQtbattg yofjUiety xe^ natiQtiy fjiiy tvtvxiatginai' 
QHJ&at,. xal otQatfiyiatg nQondTtnwv XtyofUvatg, oir 
ovdify aniXavaay, ovdk fjittiaxoy,. ddtXqwy di xal • 
jtkflQOPOtiikttg xal aQXoiig xaii ydfjtotg iv56}Sotg d&V' 
uny 9(a^ TfmttvoThd-ai, xaith^ fidXtata fjtiv tdtt 
midi SXXtf fp&oyttv, ii di fjttj, TQin€ty^$S»f ««^ ^^$ 

V 2 



308 ^ PLVTAROai 

itigovg anQXtnvuv t6 fiwfntavov, Stainq 9» tn^ ^d* 
atts d^VQu^B Tols JioUfUoig mQtiotfavTBg, 

JfJolXol fiiv yoQ 4(tol Tgms ^Xutol t' iJUMOV^i ' 
■ llolkol d* au 001 Idxaiol 
vp^ovuv nBq^vxaat xa* SijloTVJiii», 

XY. UdeXqt^ ^ijKQi M* »ct^djaQ nXAan/yet, 
Qimiv inl rovvav^iov, viffovuivov tantivo&fiepov 
auidyf aU.* HaTKQ twp dQid-fi&v oi ikdnovsq vovs 
futiovag, noXXaTtXaatdSpvtiS moI noXXanXaoBal^ifii' 
votp avva^^tvotjAa nal await^dai toXs dya&olg, 
ovdi yuQ twv daxtvXtav iXattov bx^ *^^ yQdfpovzogp 
^ iffdlXovtog, 6 f*i} dwdfuvos tovto noi&of fAtfiin^ 
ipvKOis, dXXd avyxivovvtak xal avviQyovaiv anavtes 
dfAWiyineK jiXX^XoiSf SansQ inittidss Sviaoi ytyo' 
vdtis» KOf* To avXXfintutdv If dvti&iaftis tsqos tiv 
fuyia-^ov itM f€ifiaXa»tatov ^oyif ;. ot^rai ual Kqo^ 
tsQos *Avtiy6vov fiaadsitovtos ddtX^^ &v, %al X«- 
adv^QOv nsQiXaoSf im ti atQavnyuif %ai omovQ^v 
sXaxtov avtoifS' ^Avtiozos di xat JSiXwxoi, sra* nd - 
hv FQvnol xai KvStttnvol td dsvtsQa Xiysiv ov ffo- 
Mrtss ddsl^pols, dXXd noQ^VQas nal dtadifiatof 
oQsydfUvpt, noXXSiv jiiv avtovs xax&v xai dXX^Xovs, 
noXXSiv di tifV Uaiav ivinXfiaav. insl di tots tpiXo» 
tifiois fidXiata t&v ^&&v ifnpifovtas tp&6voi xaiX 
fyfiOtVTsiai TtQds tovs nXiov fx^ytas iv dd^fi xal rs- 
u^ jlf^ijaifUtfTaTiSy iati nQOs tovto toTs ddsXq>ois to 
fi^ mSa&ai fi^n tds tifids, fi^ts tds dvvdfuig, dn6 
tmv avt&v, di£ XtSQOv d<p Mqov. xal yaQ twv 
^fjjfitav tt6Xsfi6s iati nQ6s aXX^Xa toTgdfto t&v av- 



DE FRATERNO AMORE. 309 

twp t^oftifOig' xal tw a&kritmv ot ngig tv a- 
^hllia 9iauvort%g t dvw^nivifod * nifxxai di nay 
xifauaaTaig (fUto$, xa2 9oXtzodg6(iOt naXcaajalg 
MVfjbBvtig 9W, ^Kal awaydsvmai xal anovdu^vaiv 
vnBQ aXXfiXoiv. dto xal i&jy Tvvdagtdtiv, nvB fiiv 
• JIoI/vd§(fU9ig ivUtat dq^fi^ di 6 Kdawq. iv dk 
»al rd^ TiXfMQOV^OfiTigog mnolijxsv and i^g jo^ 
Mjg tvdoxtfioivxa , rov ddshpoZ ngmi^ovjog iv 
ftoig- dnUjatf, 

'O de. fuv aaxu XQvmaane ^auvw^ 

xal tSv noXntvofiivm ol ajgarriyodvjfg rotg Srjfia' 
y^yovaiv ov nuw q^dovovuiv, ovdi yt jwp ^jdgmv 
ci dtjtoX6yot JoXg ao<piaJtvovaiv , ovdi jojv tujg&v 
ol mgi dicajav jo^ig x^fgovgyoTg , dXXd xal avfnna' 
^aXttfi/idvova* xal avventfiagjvgovat. 76 M dno 
T^^.avT^; jix^g ij Ihvdfimg JijTiTy tvdo^v nvat 
xal mgipXtnjov, ovdiv iv (pavXoig 9iaq>igtt, jott 
(jtidg igStvjog dftq^otigovg fiouXsa&tu nXiov tx^iv, 
nal fidXXov tvdoxifitiv tov kjigov j6v hfgoVf 61 
fiiv ovv XIX&* ijigag 66ovg jiadiiovjtg ov&iv dXXri'' 
lovg SnptXovaiv'^ 61 da fiiotg xgafitvoi 6tag>6goig, 
%6v Jt <p&6vov ixrginovjait xal awtgyoTUaiV dXXri'- 
Xoig fidXkov, tag ^rifioad^ivrjg xai Xtxgr^g, xal ndXtv 
Jiaxivng xal Ev^ovXog xal *Tmgl6rig xal jistoa&i • 
vr^g, ol fiiv, Xiyovjtg iv jm SrifiO) xat ygtxfpovjtg, oi 
di, ajgujrjyovvjtg xal TrgtijJoyHg. o&tv dntojdju 
dtl Julg intdvfilatg Tgima&at xat JuXg tptXojifilai^ 
jm d6tX<puv,Jovg dtp&6y(ag $6^g xalSvvdfistdgxo^ 



310 1>L VTAR CH1 

tBg aXlfiXovgf dkXd firj kvTtmi, 

XVI. Hagd nirt^ bji %a\na ipvlaii^tiop iawi 
xrideatoip, uffi olxeion^, ndl yvvaiutiv iatt» of€, tjj 
q>dodo^in avvenm^^/iiimv ,,X5^ovg novtj^ovg, 6 a- 
I^Xqi^g SyH itai q>igti navta, nal ^«MJ^i^£rta( xai 
^Bqanwixah' 00», de ovdtlg n^oHaiVf 4>vd* sxug 
as(*v6v ovdiv, 6%(a fAtv ovv, (paitj tig tv ipQOv&y, a* 
dsXfp^v evdoxifiovvta , xai fdtsati fio^i^g ittslvov 
dvvdfismg t6 nXtlotov. 6 fxiv ydq ^oixqdtr^g sXsyt, 
doifXta&ai Jaqsiov 8;|fc<y fjtSiXXov q>iXov, t} t6 dagsi' 
x6v * ttdfXq>^ de voXiv sxovti, ual nXovtov xul «^ 
X^g 9cal Xoyk6tT^tQg , ovx tXat.tov ayaddv iattv «^- 
X(av ^dsXq>6g,. ^ nXovtuv, f} X6yov dvvifiu nQorixum 
slg d6iav.. dXXd taltag ftsv ovton fkAXiata tdg «vo^ 
fialiag naQijyo^^fitiov * stsQcu ds sv&vg iyyivovtm 
iiiafpogal ntgl tdg riXtxiag Jinaidsvtotg ddsXq>o7^ 
inisixt^g ydg oi .te ngsa/ivtSQOS tav vsmigiov ag^stP 
d^oifvtsg dst xal ngotataa&at, xal nUov h^siv iv 
navtl dd^q^ xcA dvvdfjismg , ^aguQ slat xal diidsljg * 
oXfts vsmsgot ndXtv ,.dq>i^vid!lovtsg xal &gaavv6fU'' 
vot, xofta^govslv xal^oXtytogstv daxovatv, ix dk 
xovtm, ol fASV ug q>&ovovfisvot xai xoXovofASVotf 
<psiy^vat xav Jhaxsgatvovai tdg vov&saiag* ol i* 
ds\ trig vnsgox^g y.Xtx6f*svot, q>o^vvtat tr^v ixsivw^ 
av^rjatv &g avTaii' xatdXvaiv» aansg ovv int r^g 
Zdgttog d^iovat, fisil^ova toygXafjt^dvovtag ^ysla&eu, 
ut^gotigav ds tovg dtd6vtag* ovrag Sv ttg t6v xgd" 
vov nagcuviiv t$ fiiv ngsaflvtigta fi^ fiiya vofAiietv, 



I>E raATERNO AWORE; 31 j 

ta ds vtmiQO) n^ fi$iiglbv, ynsg<yiplag nal ■afiiXBias 
»al Tov Hotjaq>govt7(fdai xal naxatpgovHV ■ufitpoii' 
Qovg unaXkd^Bisv. iml Sk 7$ psv nQsa/ivti^ t5 
jeij9ea^(Xi xal ita&fjysia&antat vovd^iHV nqoarin6v 
ia-siy T^ (Se iftmiQ^ -ib tifiav ytal ^i^ilaDy xa«^»o* 
Xmf^iiv, ^ jMiv ixthov jtfid$fiovia 76 hatQMdv fiuX'» 
hfv ri th naiQUihv ix^tw, itttl t6 nn&ov r^ tb im" 
fgdrrov, xal td x^^^Q^ ^'^* '^'k mxtOQ^tifiaai xal 
:9taTtvgffjfioZv~, tov yfiyovtog uv afidQtrj na} ^Xov* 
'Ovtog, firj fidvov nQ0&Vfi6ttiQCV,'aXXd nal q>tXav3Q<a* 
n^jtQov Tu di to^ vtmsQOV JifiXi^, t6 fikfio^fitvov 
iviatm, fii) t'6 afitlXmfitvov. ^avfAdZovtog yuQ { fii* 
ftfioig-, -^ de afitXXa q>^ovo^t6g iatt, dto toifg fiiv 
•iSofiotova&M povXofiivovg dyanaat, tovg 6* i^taoih- 
'0&at, nii^ovat xdl x^Xintovatv. iv noXXalg 6e ti- 
fialg Sg nQinu naQa tiav vim dno6l6oq&a^ tolg 
ngtajivtiQOte, t5 ntt&aQXilv svdoxtfisl ftdXiata, xal 
ttattQydl^tai iittd aidovg, tvvotav laxvQdv, xal x^ 
Qtv dv&vntixovaav, jj xal Kdim t6v Kamtuva 
nQtaPvttQOV ovta •d-tQan^wv tv&vg ix naidav sv- 
ntt&tl^ xal nQaitfitt xal atcanij, tiXog ovttag ijf 
dvdQaatv ix!^iQmsato xm toaahtr^ ivinhjatv aido^ 
ngog kavt6v , wg /i^ts TtQa^^aJ tt, fir^it stntXv dyvo' 
ovvtog ixtlvov, fivfifjtovtvttai yovv, ott fiaQtvQiag 
notB yQafifiatttov^ imaq>Qaytaafiivov tov Kainlio» 
vog, 6 Kdim vattQog imXdbiv , ovx ri&iXfiatv im- 
oq>Qayiaaa&ai* xal 6 Kaimm 'dnattviaag t6.yQafi^ 
fiattiov aff>tlU tijv aviov aq^Qaytda, nQtv ^ nvdi^ 
a&ai, ti na&UfV 6 ddtlifog ovx inlativatv, ai£ 



312 PLVTAKCUI 

vMildstQ ii)y ijLaQtVQiav. q>aivnw is n^oJJ,^ xa} 
ngo^ *EjiiMVQOV { aidojs tSiv ddilifav, dt sivotap 
mvtQV xal Tfrjdtfioviav , tt^ ^ Tcr aXXa, xal. ^iXooro- 
fplav t^y insivov avvBV&oyoidnrtw xoH yuQ al dit|- 
fittQtov d6^g cv^vc Ix nai$mv mnuaidvot %ak ie- 
ffkvttg„ &g ovdslg yiyoviv *EmxoiQov aoipAisQog^ 
qh6v iait ^avfjidifiv xal toi diati&ivtog olfr(»s'» 
afot ToSy Siati&8ijUv(ov, ov i*iv oAkd xo« tSv yew« 
tiQtav <piXoa6tpoiv*AnoXXdnfiog d nsQviatti^tixog ^Xe^'* 
$8 t6v ttn6vta d^Sav anowmntov ilva^y JSmltavQt 
vtatiQOv ttdalfpdv ttitoxi nok^aotg ivdoi6tBQav, ifiol 
liiv ^ttQ ott noXXSv dilmv xdQnog noQa tjjg ritxiig 
y^yov6tmy ^ Jiyuouvog svvoia toy ddtXipov nQdg 5" 
navta taXXa ysyovB xal tattv, ovdsig dyvosl.tSiv 
6no}aovv ivttTVXfjx6joiV ^v, ^xiata di ol avrqfisi^ 

XyiL%Ts^a tolvvv tttig nttQttlXriXoig xa» avv' 
9)fyvg ^Xixiatg tiav d6sXq>oiV fpvXaxtiov iat\ nd&^^ 
fitXQtt /iiv, avvfxZ di xal noXXd, xdl novriQdv not- 
ovvta tov XvnsLv xal naQo^vvthv lavtovg inl naah 
fisXitfjv,, tsXsvtaaav sig dv^xsata fiiati xixt xttxo&V' 
fiiag* dQ^dfisvoh. ydQ in\ nttidialg dtttqiSQSO&ai,^ mQl 
tQoq>dg ^axav xal dyuvttg, olov OQtvym ^ dUxtQv6' 
vosv, slttt nttidojv iv naXttiatQttig, xal xvvZv iv ^- 
Qttig, xttl vinoiv iv ttfiiXXaig,^ ovxitk XQatstv iv xoTg 
fidSpaiif, ovdi xatttnaiisiv t& <piX6¥sixoy divavtttt 
xtxl tpdotifiov. oian^Q '£XXrivo)v ol xa^' ^f^ag^ dvvo' 
tdittttot nsQt anovddg OQJiriattav, slta xi&a,QOjduv 
Hiaatdvtsg^ ix toutov tdg iv Ai^^oj xoXvfifi^&Qag 



DE ERATEKNO AMOBE. 313 

xal naaxaSug ml dtfdQtavac dynnaQafldlXovug mI 
nal TOitofAaxovvtig, xal dnox^movug oxnovg xal 
dnoatgi^ovug, ovmg ilriyqm&riaav xo^ duip&dgii* 
aav, miu ndvvov d<jpaigt^ivug V7t6 tov jvgdwov^ 
xixi tpvydhg %al mvtixtg ,, xal {uXiyov dia Uytof) 
iuQotr&v ngduQOv ytvdfJitvo^, (i6vt(i tiUfiHvav ol 
aiftol T& fuatlv dXXfiXovg, o^tv ovjjf ^iara dtl m^, 
td fitxgd xal ng&ta Ttagadvofiivij tj ng6g toiig d^ 
dtXqiOvg. ^tXovtiixltf xal ^Xotvnia. duxfidxta^ai, /le- 
Xitavtag: dv&viuUttv %aX ritta^jbaiy xal Xf^ig^^ f^ 
^giita&oMfidXXop avtoig, f) t^ vtxfv^ ou ydg^ Itik 
gav ol naXaiol Kafytiav vixriVydXXd tijv nsgl 0^* 
fiag tav ddtXg^&v,, ug ttloxi<niiv xal xaxiatT}v, ngog' 
Xiydgtuaav, tiovv;. ovx* noXXdg td ngdyfiatatoTg 
inmxug txsiv i^Qxovai xal ngawg, tpigti ngo(f;daiig 
di^tiXoy^m xal dia^ogmv; xm» fidXa* dlXd x^xtl 
^vXfiMtiov, Snoag ta ngdyfAota fjidx^tai xa&* kav^ 
M, f/ifidiv ^ qfiXoytuiiag fifjd* ogy^ nd&og, olov 
dyxiaigov, ngoa&ivtag, dX^ aantg inl iuyov tov 
dtxaiov t^v ^oniiv xotyaig aTto&toigovvtag, xal td' 
jfiat» ttngxgiatai xal ta^ig.diaitatg.t^v dftqitXoyiav 
nofgadtdovtag ^ dnoxad-jjgat, nglv ivdvaav,. ^antg 
§a(piv § xfiXlfipt^ ikvaonotbv ytviad-au xal dvaix* 
nivtov tlTOt fiifitla&ak tovg Uv&ayogtxovg,. otyi* 
»u fif^&iv ngoa^xovttg, dXXd xotvov X4yov fjttt^ov- 
tig,, flnotangoax&^itv ilg Xai^dogiag vn 6gyijg,nglv 
^tbv ^Xtov Suvat,. tdg dsStdg ift^aX&vttg dXXtiXoig - 
stetl danaadfJ^vot ^ttXMovto. xa&dntg ydg inl fiov* ^ 
Pmt nvgttov ytvofjtivov, dtivov oi&iv iaxiv^ &v dt 



514 PLV TARCHI 

navaa/jisvov naQaftiiftj, y6<f&s ehm dottii ^tai pa&v^ 
tigav %x^iv aqx^h^' ovimg adtltpmv '^ find j6 n^M- 
^fia havofiivij dia<poqa, TOt) JiQd/fiaJog ioTi^ trfi 9 
iiiifitvovarfi nqifpaai^ tjv ^ii Ttquyfiu fiox&rigav V8 
xal VTiovlov aiiiav txov. 

XYIII.^Iioy ds nvdi^&mi PagPd^v adtXq>m 
diadtxoMjlav , ov ttfgl yijSlov fitgldog, ovd^ in dv 
dqanddoig 9j TtgoSajioig ysvofievriv , dXXd na^l 7^f 
Ilsga&ifli/itioviag, ^aguov ydg dno^av6vtoc, o* 
usv ^^iovv 'Agiafiiviiv fiaatXsvstv, ngsapvxajovovxa 
t5s ysvsdq, ol di, Aighfv, lAii6aatig re fjtfjjg^g o*t« 
T^; Kvgov ^vyatgbg, t% JS ^agtlov PaaiXsvovtog 
fidri ysysvvTjfiivov. Ugtafiivtjg fisv ovv najiSawtv 
i% Mr{8w, ov noXsf€txoig,dX^ ^ ini diitriv ijov^, 
^igifjgM nagotv sngaJtsv ansg rjv /?aa*ie* ngoari^ 
novta ' iXd6vtog 9s Toi} ddsXifov, Sslg t6 dM^fio, 
ital naJKpaXm rijy tidgav, rjv q^ogwatv og&ijv ot 
ffaaiXsifOVTsg, dnipttiasv avtt^ rtdl T^andaato, xal 
doiga nifirmv, ixsXsvasv sinsiv tohg xoiii^ortag^ 
Tovtotg os rvv tifi^ Sig^g, SddsXtp^g' dv di ^ct- 
aiXsig itgiast ital tfniqxo Jlsgatav dvayogsvd-jj, didta^ 
ai aoi divtigw fisd-' havtov sJvat, nalS^Agiafiivtig' 
*£ya di (sqr}^ td fiiv 4iaga dixoficu, flaatXsiav du 
tJ^v Iltga&v sfiavim vofi^ta ngoar^rtstv tifi^v da 
tyjv fist ifis tolg ddsXqolg qvXd^ia, Sigl^ij Si ngatroj 
t&v ddsXqiwv, insl ds ^ xgiatg iviatti , Higaa^ fiiv 
Ugtdpavov, ddsXqdv ovta dagsiov , dtxaatijv dnd- 
qfivav, doH^av avtoXg, Asg^ d^ sqsvysv in ixtiyo9 
tgi&^vat tt^ nX^d-si nsnotdtag. jijoaaa di ij /iVTVO 



DE FRATERNO AMORE. 315 

' inihhffev avi^" Tl q>svyug ji^dfiavoy, S nat, 
^iiov ovm nal Ht^wv a^ia jov j ti di^ovteig 769 
aytiva didotKag, sv o» ttald xat jd dtvti^ua , JJ$q^ 
aaiy fimatXiiog di^ikq>6v xXfi&ijvaij mia6ivxog olv 
Zi^ov xdl ysvofiivw Xiymfy Idgtdlifiivog ftiv dns' 
ij^vato Si^Bp Tt}y /Saaililav 9K^oa^x€i>* IdQiapivrfg 
d' fv&vg dvantjd^aag JtQoaexvvrias thv ^dikqtov, 
n«l Xaji4^svog i^g del^iag, ug t^v ^q6vov ixd&tat 
xhv ^aalkuQv* 4k sovtov fiiyunog 7iv naQ avi^, 
xitbi, naQ&Xiv ivvovv kaviov wm dQtajiiw iv tfj 
MiQl SaXafHVa vavfiaxia , maiiv vniQ trfg ixilvov 
^<^;» Tovfo fikv ovv 'waTKQ &QXitvnov ixxiia^a 
xa^aQbv %al dfji&fnitov WfjciViiag xal jihyaXoqjQo- 
avvfig, jivttdxov M t^v ftiv qaXaQxiav xjfi^iv Sv 
ug, oti di ov Jtavtdnaatv owt^ td 4ptld^Xq>ov ivrj» 
qtavia^r}, i&avpidaetir. inoXbfiu yaQ vniQ t% paat' 
Xiiag JSiXtiHt^ vnhtiQog <av d6iXq>6g, xdl tijv firitiQa 
avXXafi^AvovaxiV ilx^ ' ^^fidSovtog di toS) noXifiov, 
fjuixv^ i6 2i)jiVxog raXdtaig awdfpag, xat ^ttfjditg, 
ovdafiov q>aviQhg ifv , dXt bdo^i ti&vavat , ndaijg 
6fiol tt t^g atgattag vno t&v fiaQfidQtav xataxo' 
niiatig. nvd6piivog ovv 'Avtioxog, ti^ noQq>iQav 
&&17XS, xal q>at6v iftdttov KXa/Ss, xoil td flaaiXua 
xliiaag, iniv&it t6v ddiXq)6v * o^7/^ di iiaTiQov «- 
xoiaag, ott adiitatxaldvvafjiivav&tghtiQav d&Qoi" 
Zii, Tolg Tc d-iolg %&vai nQOiX&mv, xalxatg n6Xiat9 
uv ^QX^ &VHV xoM atifpavfiq)OQitv iTvriyynXiv, li&fi* 
vinoi Si x6v tuqI t^g iQtdog twv ^ecSv fAu&ov ar<C 
n»g nXdaavng, iaavi&Q&tafta tijg dtomag oi q^av" 



516 PLVTARCfll 

wl Tot (iofidgofurZ^og, mg iy iKshp tf Iloen9&Ph 
n^^g T/)r *A^vmv yiyofUrfig tijs dujupo^, xt otp 
TUtX&u^nal ^futg iv dHxqiOf^^ nott itqo^ oMCC^^Mttt 
avyyBVilg ysvofAivovg, iv «fivi^xitj^ xffif %fiiqar hnir 
Pffp Ti&w&ott, >(tt* t*^ jwp jmofpgofdw vofiVjtw 
OiUa fAff- nMMw %al ayad&v iv alg ownQdiffifMiw' 
xal ow$Puaaafiev^fUQ&p, dMfdapiifiXav&dvta&aif 
j} ydg fiAnfP nal n^^^ ov&iv { (pifotQ f\fuv tdom» 
ip^tfnjTa jta* ^trqwta^iag hcyovov dvt^tnaniop* 
4 ^flUfOTa ;(foi}OT«or to^^toi; nqdg avyytvug nal oU- 
aUovg, oix ifttov di vov did6vat xrvyyvwfifjv df$a^ 
toHatf t6 aUtia^ai nal lafifidvtiv aitovg afiaq^ 
tdvtag, tvpoiofv ifttpaivti ual ^iloatoqyiav, o&iw 
iqyi^ofiivmv tt dn ftfj dfjuXtlv, xal naqattovftitfoig 
fiTf. dvtittlpttv, dXXd Mal (p&dvtiv noXXdxtg dfMog^ 
tdtrtag avtovg tn. naqaiftf\otu Ti)y oqy^v, dikufi&ii^ 
sag Tt* ndXiV av t^ avyyvuftfj T^r ftaqcdtfiaiv* 6 
fiiv 09tv JBlOKqattxdg EvxXtldfig iv taig axoXaig Tia- 
fifi6fit6f iattv, ott q>favriv dxoiaag dyv&fiova xml 
Sfiqtttdfi ToD ddtXfpov; ng^g ovfdr tlndvtogc ^AnO" 
loifitiv, u ft'^ at tifit&Qfiaaififiv ^ytt di, {iTntp) ti 
ini at miaatfit navaaa&at tvig ogy^g, xal ipiUtP i}. 
ftag &g ftq^ttgov itpiXtis, td 9* Evfttvovg tov fiotat- 
lcoi^ tQyop, ov XSyog, VTttQfloXfiv nQtjioifitog ovdi^ 
fiiav dnoXiXoint» Htgatifg ydq 6 tmv Maxtddtfttp 
flaatXtvg ix&Q^g fSr avT^, ftaQtaxtifaat tovg dyto» 
jniMi^inra^' ol di fugl^tX<po^ iv^lfqtvov, ataM^ 
|ifPO« fiadii^pta nqi^g t6p ^«dr dn^ &aXda^^, yt- 



DE FRATERNO AMORE. 317 

i6fitrM -d' Snta^w aitotf, Xl&ovg /ue/ciiloijr^ ifipdl' 
Xovaiv -itg le TJr Htg>aXiv Motl tdv Tgajpilop, vfp 
iov.aK076»du6 xotl nwm^ l'Jo{s jt&vuva$' «a» fic^- 
^h&a gpi]/<i} navtaxoat, jcoi «^pMlai wig ag>UovToxal 
{i^an.ovttg tlg IJtQyafiov, avtdyytXoi tov nddovg 
r^muv doxovyrc^. "ArtaXog ovv 6 TiQtaPvtatog cx-v- 
%ov t&v ddtXq)wv, dv^g iTiitiJtijg nal nt^ t6v £vfif 
r^ udvTOiv agtatog, ov jjtivov fiaatXtitg dvfi^OQti&fi 
^iadriadfitvog^ dXXd nal Tr)y yvva^hia tov dbtXq>ov> 
^Qatovixijp tytifAB ml avv^X&tv, intl d' dnfiyyiXij 
ffiv 6 JEvfjktvijg, nat nQoajitt, ^tig t6 dtddrifiay ^al 
Xa/iav {oiantg tlatdti) td dogdtia fittd toav aXXfOP 
dn^vtfiatv avt^ dogvq>6Q(av, 6 di ttaxHvov tvfAtvoig 
idt^uoaato, jftfi njr PaaiXtaaav riandaato futd ti* 
fiSis xa« q)tXo<pQoavvfjf * nal xQ^vov ovn oXiyov ivi- 
fiidfaag, dfd^ntfog ftal dvvjtdntfa^ dni^wt, tw Uv 
tdXta t^v T« paaiXtiav nal T^y yvvaliia nagtyyvfi'^ 
aag. ti ovv ixtlvog ^ dnod avovt og avtov , Ttatdior 
oidi tv in t^g ywatxdg dvtXia&at i^d-iXfiat, ttKoih' 
atjg noXXaMtg' dXXdtdv ixtivov nalda ^gitpag na* 
dvHt^&aag, In l^av ini&f}K8 t6 dui5rifta, xal ^aaiXia 
ngoofiyoQtvatv, dXXd Kaft/ivafig i^ ivvnviov 90- 
fifi&tlg wg fiaatXtiaovta t^$ Uaiag t6v ddtXtf6v,ov^ 
dffuav a7i6dtiitv, qid* tXtyxov dvafitivag, dniuuir 
ytv* o&tv Oiintat tijg Kvqov Stado^g ^ dQxn , J^ 
f^vt/iaavtog avtov, xai to JaQtiov yivog iflaaiXtv* 
atv, dvl^Q6g oi fAOvov mdtXfj^olg, dXXd nal ipUiOt^ 
imataftivov notvmttv nQayf^dtfov %a\ dwdfjttw^. ^ 
XIX» "JSu toivw iKtivo iStlftvfifiOvtitttv ivtnik 



318 PLVTARCHl 

ngog roxfg adtXqtovg diaq^ogaig xai (pvAamiv, tA 
to7g q>iXotg avxwv SfAiMlv xal nkipJidZsiv 16x8 fjuiXt- 
ara* qisvynv 8e,Toigi%&goifg,xal fifj TtQoadix^ad-at, 
^ifiovfitvov orvrd yovv xovto tmv Kgiimv, oV noX- 
Xdxig araaididvtfg dXXriXotg xal noXtfiovvttg , l^ai- 
&tv im6vtav noXffilhtv, duXvovTO xal avvlatavto* 
gal totfto }}v 6 xaXoiifitvog vn avt&v avyxQtitiafjidg. 
Bvtot ydq mantQ vdmg toTg xoXwat xal duatafUvoig 
vnaQgiovttg,Mvatgimvatvoixit(kfjtag^xal (piXlag, fxi- 
aovvtsg ftiv dfifpotiQOVg, imtt^ifitvot de^tat fiaXXov 
vn dad-fvsiag Ivdtddvtt, ta ftev yfxg igwvtt avvi" 
QOiatv ol veaQol xat axaxot t^ qtiXtov, tt^ d* ogyt- 
iofibV6rxttl ihatfifQOfiivoi 71^6$ d^tXt^v, ol xixkoij^^fi- 
atatot tav ix^Qmv avvayitvaxttiv xal avvoQyt^t- 
a&at ifoxo^at» Ha&dn€Q oJy ri Aiad^mtog dXtxtOQlg 
nQog T^ atXoVQOVf&g drj xat ti^voiav avjfjg voaob 
arjg, onwg sxti, nvv&avofiivriv* KaXwg, {tJntv) Sv 
av dmatflg* ovtw ngdc toiovTov av&QWnov, I/m- 
SdXXovta X6yov hntQ trjg dlctqioQiig, xdl nvv&av^'" 
uevov .xal vnoQbttovta to)v dnoQQrimv tvta, xQl 
Xiyttv !4U' tfioiye nQoyfia ngdg t6v ddtXqidv ou- 
div imiv, dv fiiite iym toig &ia/JdXXovai nQoaixio, 
fi^lt' ixeivog, rwl d* ovx oiih, onotg 6q>^itXfititivttg 
fiiv oi6'fis&a dtXv dhoatQi^ptiv inl td firi' notovvta 
nXfty^v fifjde dvtitvniixv XQO>f*(*^ot xal athfiata trjv 
^tfjtv,.iv de fiifnfitat^ jtal OQyutg xal vnovoiatg ng^g 
ddtXqiovg ytv^fteifot-, x^tQOfitv xt^ nQoaavaXQf^^vih' 
fie^a to7g ixtUQdnovatv , ote xaXwg 't1x9 tovg fiiv 
^^Qoitgxal 8vafieveU aftadidQdaxttv xal XcW&dvttv^ 



DE FftATERNO AMORt. 319 

iAuvdiv xef« ointBhig. wA ^llotQ, xethTi^g yvvtHxai 
avtSv dai^vTag^ aliHia&ai nal 7iaQ^aiaC$a&ai, 
xaltot Xidov ov ^paak XQ^'^^^ fuaov adelcpovg XafA-* 
ffavttv odov ftaiHiovtagj. ax&ovtat de nal *vv6g StSH" 
d^afiovTog^ xcx« nolXd joiavja didiamv, mv 6fi6vet' 
av ovdiv adtlqiuv dtiajfiaev dv&gcmovg de nvvh' 
xoifg xttl dtafiokovg iv iUaj!^XafLftwvovugavT&v,%a\ 
m^Mtaibvug, ov avvo^ai». 

XX. ^i6p tov Xo^ov toavvtxfg^^^nttyoqtiovTog, 
%v (isv t[n% &s6<fQaatog,.ag , sl wuva Ttx (fikoivigl, 
^Xtata dn Motvoiig tSiv qp^cm^ b7vai> tovgqdXovg ' 
ovx fiiturt»^' av ttg adiXqioli tovto TUf^atviamv. 
al ydg iditf jta* x^^ ofjUKiai ftal avvii^Hai n^^ 
£Ui'i^Xovg anoatgiffovat.%alu7idiy,ovQi3t dn dXXf\Xmv* 
t^ ytxQ qttXHV itiQOvg, si&vg tmtai» t6i xf^^f^ i^e- 
QOig jfci» ir^Xovv ktigovg, xal aysadati vq^ ktigtov, 
i^j^-onotovat yaQ tu q>iliat.,. '4al fttt^v ovd^iv iati 
dtaq^OQug fidv)v aiifiuov , ij^ q^iXtav aiq^ug 8taqj* 
^6vtm', ox^sv ovis to avvia^d-istv ddelqi^ «o^ avft* 
sdvsiv , ovtt t6 avfinai^tv udl avv^pr^fiiQBVHv , o^ 
tiog avvextixdv.iattv ofipvoiag, wg to avfnq^tXMV ftal 
avvsxdqaivHVy fjdia&od ts^totg avtoig avv6'vta, xi»* 
ndXtv ftlfsXvtteadm xal (f^vystv, ov6s y.dg diafto^ 
Idg ai xotval qiiXfat qiigovatv, ov6s avyxQoiiastg' 
dXXd nqv yivfitai ttg oqyii xal fUfiifttg, ixXvstat dtd 
liiaov tmv <fiX(av,ix9sxofkiv»v»aldtaaxsdmwvvti»v, 
Svnsg dfHfiOTiQOtg oixsiiog, sgwji, xal nQog dfMfotih 
g,ov$:6fiov 1% sivoitjt avwsvmauf: Mf yoQ 4 naaai» 



320 PLVTARCfll 

«f^o^ ^ceyiptm f6y x^^^ awuqn^mi xoi* ayy%f 
^vpvai, nt ^alstv ixottigov mgortog olxdtas oftO" 
Tta^iig ytv6fuvog, cviiog 9tt rdr q>iXop tidQfioaror 
hfta atu %otvhv afupotiqotg jolg dMifoTg Ti^oaxa- 
wnVHVov» trjv tvvowv^ ol di aviaoi xat a/uxtoi, 
MO&dntg inf Si.ayQdfifiati fiovatTt^ q)&6yyoi , 9ia- 
Civ^M^, ov avvaq>ilv, notolaiv. tattv ovv dia7to^7f' 
aat7t6t9^'0V oq&St^ tj tovvaviiov 6 ^Haloiog tiTrt" 

Mmde xaatyvritm Jaov nottta&at itatgov» 
6fiiv ydg tvyvwftoiv Koi xotvbg, '{wrfttg tVgfftai^ 
§iukkov iyiiqa&tlg 9t dfupotiQotv, ahvdftafiog tatat 
xiig ipdudtktplag, i lU 'jialodog {lag totxtv) iqtoji^' 
&fl tovg noXlovg ttal q>avXovg dtd t6 9laifiXov *al 
^Havtov. S dij KoX&g txtt ipvlattOfjiivovg, '%^v tv« 
potavt^v qflXtj» viftfitai ttg, dtl td ngmtu» t^ o* 
dtXtp^ <pvXdttttv iv dqx^tg xal noXittiaig, ^v tBxXti" 
ata^ 9tal yvmgiatatv fiy^6viav, xal oaa totg noXXotg 
imq>ap^ xal nq6g d6^av iaii, tb ngoaijxov al^tofia 
tff q>hati xal yigag dnodMvtag. ov ydg ovtm tiS 
ipiXiff t^ nXiov iv toitotg atfivdv, wg ddtXtp^ tov- 
iwTToi' aiaxQov yivttat xfti dHoiov. dXkd ntqi tov- 
tifg fdv Itifttidt tr^g yvnfifig yiygaittat td Zaxovrta 
dtd>nXtt6vtaiv. ^td ds Mtvdvdgttov og^Sg txov, mg 

, Oid^g dydTt&v aviog dfttXnd^ fi^iiag, " 
vjtOfittfAVfiaittt xal diddaxti tik dStXq>Siv inifiikil' 
aCta^, xa^ ftfj tff tpvati mattimwHgoXtytiffiv, xai 
ydqtumag tp fp^att <pik&vBiQttinav , xa\ xi0v <ptXo' 
Siajtotov, dkXd fiij tvyxnvovta ^t^ntiag fifjHt int' 
utXtia^, 'dn6atofyu yivttat mx* diUtigta* xal Ti 



DE FBATERNO AMORE. 321 

€t^ i^gyfvj^ avyfivhmnip ianv , ttftsXolfiiPow 
da xal ntt(fpQWfAtvoy vn avt^g, ovh i&iUt ovvfq^ 
yiit^ aXltt Ivfittima^ %a\ ngoUinu taq nqdify^g. ' 

XXI. ^EmfulBw 6» jfoii} f»h avtwg tdtg a^tl- 
^ffotg , m ^8 MoXidwf mv&UQdig %ttl yafijigoig to^ig 
ixdvvnf, svvovp atlnagixnv tigSnavttt nalnQ^* 
^tfiov latrrdy, olxitas tt qnlodton^tovg aomi&' 
a&tti actti qnXoiffiOVtia^i , Ha\ x^giv tx^tv iatgoig 
dngamiaaa^v avtoifg *ttl qdloig ntato7g, ndl nqo^ 
Mfittg awditvtyttovoiv ino^fdttv^ ^ atqttuittv 
ywaiMtt J' ttdtXfpov jfttfitt^v, mg andvtwv itg&p 
ay$Atatov nffoaoq&vta %al atpdfttvov, tifiav itd 
t6v avdga xal tvqftjfttiv , dfAtXovfiivtj di iSVvayaj^* 
Htiiv, jt^^^Ac^ra/yovcroy 9i nqatvttv * avd* apidqiiif 
71 tw fittQWV, trvyhaXXdtttiv aal aVfinaQttnahlp 
tov avbqa* n^v ttvv^ ttg idiee yivfitai ^atpogttng^g 
%ov d9tl(p6v, alttaa&atnttQ ixtivfj Jtal dtaXifta^t 
t^v fiiftipiv dyttfiicnf 6' ddtXq>ov xal dnatdiav fiik' 
Xiota SvaxtQttivttv, »al nctQaxttlovvttt xal Xotdih' 
Qovvttt, GVvtXavvttv navtaxddtv tig ydpiov nal aw^ 
ttQyvvvat vofiifiotg Htidtlfiaat * Htfiaafiivov di noT- 
dag, iftipctviattQov x^^a&at tfj tt ngdg avtov tV" 
voi^ Hoi t^ nQ^g t^v yvvatHa ttfifj*' tcXg di na^ 
alv tivow fiiv CiantQ idiotg, rjntov di ftaXkov tlvat 
ttal ftuXixidv' onttg ofiaQtdvavttg, ola viotyftfj dga^ 
n9%tvoiatr ft^tilii HataXifiavtai , ^mx qfSfiov natQ^g^ ^ 
§itjtQ^g, tig ofnXiag ^ifXag nal oXtyfoQOvg, dXi^ dndm 
4ngoip^v xof Hfttaofvytiv dfia vov^ttovaav tv>oim 
uaX.nttQavtQVfitvfiv ^x^tatv ovt»Hat HXAtttvdhX^ 
Pi.yT.MqR.TIT, X 



322 PLVTARCai 

.q^^oti^ o^a Sit^v^nftB^ i*,imkXrig. uiviamg xoei 

. diioiaQlag iniajQSiftfv , ovispovt siTw/y dwtagdw, 

ovT« TtouiGog n^6g.av^6v, . dlkti (pfvypyrt xoifg yo^ 

ytig :BkkyxovT»q oiVMhv wiliwl.XoidoqoSivtug^ ivdt^ 

doyg^kavidv evfASvij naldftrivitov, ai^Jt TtoXkiiv 

ivstgydaato,MalffHov'kavtotfiXttl q>tloaoq>ldg* xaU 

To* noliol,t(av (fihw ivtxakovv m^ gi^ vov&no&rtt 

. %& fAet^tov 6jdi w** ndw vov&ett^v-bksys , r^ 

. filfa HOf ■ tfj, dtaiiji , t^g. 7tQ6g xA aiaxQd rmv xaX&v 

. dutfpogijk Ttaqixfap* xaxavdtiaiv^ UXevav di t^vBw^ 

aaXov o^v natfig dysQOixov ^vTa-Kdl vjiQun^ff ixd- 

XovB xal X(*^^^^ V^f o^da 'dtiog.dffsXdfifittvt xal 

. nQoatiytTO'' mfin6vTm di %&v QBaadX&v (pgVKtovg. 

nsQlpaaMag.nQ^g t6v &^6v sig,/fshfovg ivifiaXt 

xQvq^ft/tovnatQ^g o^&tXog, wtsQ T0v\*4Xs\fa' xa*. 

t^g nv&iag TQUioy dtfsXovafjg^ Bts naj^Q dniq)f^ 

aty ififispXiixiva* x6it ^Qvxt6v vniQ, avtov, xa* itu^ 

atv4d6xti, .nXdvrj Ttg iv • taXg . xaTayQttqittig . tHv ovo» 

fjtdwvf ys/Qvivai* di6:xai mfiytavTsgav&tg inavji^ 

QoyTo,T6v &s6v'' ri de Jlv&ia, jta&dxsQ ixfi^fiaiov 

fjuvfi T^v nQOjiQav djv.ay6Q6vauf, .sms' • 

T6i» UvQ^v TOk.qtfjfil, ,t6v jiQXpSixriTixt ntudit. 
xal Totfov Toi) T^itoy o UXsvttg . wt6 /tov . &€ov^ fta" 
aiXtvi jSutT^H Tov naTQ6g .dd8Xq>6v dnodstgidtig,ttv^ 
7({^ T< 9toXv ndvTtav inQ^tsvas t&v nQ6 ttvtoVf . xaH 
t6 s&vog ,eig ^di^v nQOfiyaye fuydUjv xalHbifttfttv* 
.aXld m^y svnQoiid^ te xal . jifiaig jco* dQxak -mti- 
d^v ddeXfpovr xaiQovta - xal aeftvyvifJtevov av^eiv 
TtQoant^ nal avve^Qgt^v 2i^6(.t« *aXd, ^tii^ «vvo^ 



DE FRATERINO AMORE. 30!^ 

^ovrtag mpft9wi iTTtnrtiv* avvou' ydi^vidv inax&is 
tatag iyTtta^ttxisiyi dieXifOV &I, aff»v6v,'iittlpv tpL" 
lavxov, diloe <piX6xaXov xa# &B'iov ^ ttXij&ag, do- 
xti yag fioi xal toijvofjitt xaXagvgirjyiua&ttt Tigdg 
ivpotttv ttdsXfptd&p xttldyttTtijatv, dn di^af %& rav 
XQentovtav ^tiIow. ^tl^ttxX^g t$ ydq ■ dvtiv diovtag 
hpdofm^ovttt ytwr^aag nalSag, ovdsvdg tittov ttvtiav 
t6v dStXqitSovv ^ydftriaBV* dXXd^ xdlrvv noXXttxov 
a^fijkifpi^giattv ^Jt^Xaog-avt^, ' xal avyxttttvxovtat, 
nttqaatdtTfv *HQttxXiovg • ovopidSovttg, *iq)txXiovg di 
tev dSiXq>0V' ned^vtog iv jjf^mql uiitxedalfiovtt fid* 
Xlt» n%QlXvnogytvdi»xvog,inttaav iUXmt lIeXon6wfi' 
ao¥i ^Kdi uitvxo^itt, tljg dftXtp^g dno&ttvovarig, 
i&ifByfa ^h-'fiQ¥pog x<t» awt^&ti^atv * S&tv al 'jRdd- 
f/^aiw yvvaixtg-iv tttlg tijg Atwio&iag ioQtaig, ^v 
Mtttovtav ovofu^iomDv , ov- tovg iavt&v nttldag, 
dlXd- toig- t&v ditXiipiiv' ivaptttXiSovttti uefi tifMta^ 



524 PLVTARCHI 



UAOYT^PXOY 

njEPi 

T H£ E I H T A E K r N A 

0IAO2TOPriA2. 



totg "Mklfiat j6 Jt^xov iniatitj^ tfi ngdg dXX^lovg 
inEvoTi&fiaap , dlXot^lag dixatoavvfig, Sgnfg kti^nv 
tip^g t&v dvay»almv firj fpvofdvov naq avtotg, ^c^- 
•^eXa»!'. HtQ ovv «o* o* ifik6ao(p6t tmv ngopktjfAdtm¥ 
kvia, did tdg ng^g dkk^kovg dtofpoQdg, inl t^v t&v 
dkdymv q>iatv iwav, tigntq dkkodan^v niktv ittua* 
kovrtat, nak tolg ixstvav nd^iat %al ti&BatP, mg 
dvivttvxtotg nal ddeiidatoif , iq>taat triV uqlatv ; f 
vxil tovto t^g dvd-gomlvfjg xaulac syxkfifia Koivdw 
iatt, To nsQt twv avayxatotdtm xal fifyiatm dfM" 
Q)idoiovvTag ^ftdg, iijTslv iv tnnotg ual xval ua§ 
oQviat, noig yafiovfiBV avtol nal ysvvtifitv xo» tc* 
xvotQOtfo^fjiev, mg firidkv iv lavxdtg drikiafia tijg q^V" 
amg ov, xal td x&v dijQifov i^^fj xal Ttd&fi nQoaa- 
voQtvaai xcx* xatafmQtVQ^aat tov ftiov ^fiwv noX' 



DE^AMORE PIlOLiS,^ 305 

i^v rov xtttd tpifaty ixlhahfiatt xal- TtaQupaaiv, iv- 
S^itg iv aQxfi xa» mQi td TtQbita avyxtofiivap tal 
tuQatTOfAivo)y, aHQOtov ydg iv cxsiyoi^ ij qtvaig 
sror» dutyig xal anXovy tpvXdttn id tdiov iv d* Jy- 
^Qamotg vno 70^ X6yov Tial t^; avvridsias (0 tov- 
Xatov V7t6 t<av fiVQeipav Ttinov^s) nQdg noXXd fii- 
yivvfdvn d6yfjiata xat XQiang hti&itovg, notxiXti yim 
yovs xal idia, t6 de oIxhov ovtstriQf}iie, xal f^) 
tdavfid^ijiikftw y »1 td aXoya ^oia tc5v Xoyixwv fiSXXov 
Snnai tjj q>vafi * xal yuQ td tpvtd tmv imiv, oig 
avtB (pavtaaiav, ovt€ SQfirjv id(oxev, hiQOov oQi^iv 
tei> xatd qiaiv dnoaaXevovaav , dXJ^ tuamQ iv di- 
afkM. avvuQyfiiva fiivH xal xexQdtr^tai, filav dilno' 
geku^ iljv ^ (pvaig Hyii 7iOQBv6fitva, tolg ds ^tiQiotg 
t6 fiir nQattQonov toS X6yov xal nsQittov xal 9«- 
hXsv&t^v ayav ovx tativ, dX6yovg di oQudgxal 
oQ^tig txovtaxal XQUfitva nXdvatg xdlmQtdQoiiaTg, 
noXXdxtg ovfiaxQdv, dXi^ «; in dyxvQag t^g (pvas(ai 
aaMst, xal xaddmQ 6d6v v(p^ r\vu^ xal xaXiv^ ^a^ 
dilgiovttt dsixvvaiv sv^siav. 6 di dsan6trfg iv uV- 
&Q€i7ua xal avtoxQtttrig X6yog aXXag aXXots ntiQix- 
jkiastg xal xaiVQjofiiag dvsvQiaxtav, ovdiv fxi^og ifir- 
(pavig ovdi ivoQysg dnoXiXotns ti^g ^vat(xig: 

II. "OQa mQl tovg ydfiovg oaov iatlv iv tolg 
^fktoig To xard fpvaiv, nQmtov ovx dvafiivsi v6fiOvg 
dydfiov xal o^iiydfiov, xa&dmQ ol AvxovQyov nO' 
Xitai xal S^Xaixvog'' ovdi dtifilag dtixvaov didoixev 
ovdi Jtftdg diiintsi TQtnaidag; mg 'P(afiaiuv noXXol 
yafiovas xal ysvrmiv, ov^ h*n xXriQffvdfiovgix^tfiv. 



306 IPLWTAROHI 

dX£ ^vot nXijifovojjitlv^diivtiPtcu. ^mtiw fit]^tfttn-t^t 
{HiXei io aQQsv, li^x Sijtavta /fdv^v • rjdov^v ym^ 
ovn tx^i tiXog , dlhx yiwiiaiv «oi tmvmaw * duk 
tovto ttovi w^,'5 nvodqxB yoUfkovgtx^v Kulnqdg^ 
q>o^v Xox.iVO(iivAug H^atr, rjX^iv dg to avio i^ 
S^^slvi io d^ijXv x^^^^K 9^^^ no^Bivbv, rihia [mbp. 
oaftTJxQiatdg, IdUo di ii6afi(^ ad>fiatog*dyaXX6fM8voVf 
dgdaov »al fiotdvijg dvdnXsfnv xa^fjCffig' aia^dfjif^ 
vov ds, on ilifsi xal nmX^Qfatai, ^xoofiifag^anHaif 
»al nQOVoii nsgl tr^v xlfiai>v Hal.a(atr]Qiav tev- «jto- 
78xi^i^tog. d^g de ovx sativ ilnBiv xddQdtfisva^ 
nX^voti ylvtta^ Bxaaxov avitov iv ra xpiXoatdQya, 
tatg nQOVOiatg , talg iMHQttQioug , taig kyxQatslaig. 
dXXd triv fiiXittav rifiu^' aoffr^v xaXovfitv ^xal vofU" 
SoiJUV,^av&6v fuXt fiiidofiivav, xoXaxtvovng t6 riSSf 
xal yaQy4iXlyov fffiag irjg .yXvxvtfitog' t^v di totw 
dXXcav nf.Ql tdg Xoxiiag Ttal tdg dv^tQqq>dg aocpiay 
xal tixvriv nagoQ&fisv, olov iv&vg, ri-dXxvdtv itvov- 
aa trjv vsottsiav avvti^r}ai , avXXafifidvovaa tdg 
dxdv {^ag i^g daXattiag fisX6viig, xal tavtag $i «A- 
Xi]X(ov iyxatanXixovaa 7ta\ jawsiQOvaa, to fiiv a^tf 
fia, nsQuxyig, wg dXisvtixov xvQtov, xal n^6firpiiQ 
dnsQydistat* trj di j&Qfiolfiflc ml 7ivxi'dw?t* avft-r 
(pgd^aaa .tdc dxdv&ag-dxQt^iag, vni&rixB t^ xXv^ 
afiati tov xvfiixt^g, -itg tvntoftevov riavxij xal th?- 
yvvfihvov td TiiXrifia trjg ini(paviiag ateyavov yivrj* 
rav yiyvstaidsaidrjQ(a.xalXi^(advadiaiQSTOVi o 
3 ioT» &(xvfiaamttQOv, dvio) to at6fia j^g veot- 
tsiag avfjfiitQQfg ninXaatai nQog id fiiyt^og xal t6 



m AMOHEPftCKLIS, 327 

' mtgoy i^r ik%v&foq, ,Sau^ ftr^U' /if*&)v '&XXo, /ifiJM 

fU%q6nqov ivdvta&en.-ffwv , '-wg di.iptt0i, (iTfds ^a- 

lattav nttQa9dxi9^Mf ft^^s td ihixtaja. p^iata 

di oi 2^aX$ol imyovovoi ^ fiiv iv kavtoiq , inflaiviiv 

di napizovaiv ixtdc ual viuta^&ai tois anviiviot^g 

slro ndX$v^avalaftfidvovai Jtal nt^mivaaovatv iy^ 

^otimfitva-tolg anXd/Xvoig. '^ di aff%tog,*nyqi&ta'^ 

-reyxflf^ a9V^QvmAtatov^SriQiov,'aj»o^a nul ava^ 

• &qaii%xn * ifi di j^Jtmttri , Htt&dntg iffyaUita, dtot» 

tvnovaa tovg VfUvag, ov ^ontl ytvvnv ftdvov,- dXkd 

9wl dt^/diOV(^ttv ^ >tiHvov, • 6' Si ^Ofitifindg Um , 

Sv^ tt 
IS^mtf thiva ayovta - awari^aovtai' iv vXfi 
^''dvd^g inaKtiJQtg , 6 di tB a&ivti fiXtfttaivtt, 
-'Odv di t imauiviov xdto) tXitnai, 'oaat tttdv^ 
ntfov, 
d^ avx oftoidg iatt SMvoovfiivbi n^g toig »vv.ff» 
;/ovg anivdta^ai nt^ t&v tiavms %a^6Xovydg { 
9f^ td ty/ova (pdoatogyia , %al'td toXfifii^d SiM 
notiLi, tial.^iXihtova td ^a&vfia, nak^tiStiXd m 
yaatgifAagya. %ultiantQ Ti^OfifiQtxij^^QVig^goafpi-^ 
Qovaa tolg vtottotg 

MiiatoM , intinthififfat, fttatSkl^tt oi niXt* 
avt§, 
t^ ydQ av-^gtQt^tt Xifi<$'td tyyovu., nait^ tQO» 
<p^v t^g yaatqhg antofiivfjv dnonQatti xaii ntiStt- 
t^ atdfiau ,^fiij Xd&jj %atamovaa' 

*Jlg di %vvtvufiaXfjai ntQl a%vXd%taai'fltfiwfa 
Ztvdq dyyoii^aua vX/uti, fiiftoviv ttftii^ta&ui, 



328 PLYTARCm 

tQpmgtJwv %ixvm (j^&fifkVt ig Siirt€gop n^ia^ 
fiovau &VfA^t'. al di m^S^Hsg Stay Simxnvxat fufd 
iwy xixvfoy, iunva /tisv ioki ngoTtixto^a^ ual qiSih- 
^HV, avtalg di pifixavdifMvaA JtQogixttv tovs ^if^cu- 
qving iyyifg xvXtvMfuvat «et» noitaXaftfiav^fiwaif 
jfAMQdjf ihTKDt&iovaiv , tlta Ttdktv lararra» nal nmQi- 
Xovtuv iv icpiHi^ T^9 ikitldog kivtdg, axiftg av ovtm 
nQOHtvlivvsuovaai tiav vtotzSiv t^g daq^ahiag,. n^ 
aydyii-vtai n6QQ(o toifg didtxovtag. tdg di «iUxTo* 
Qidag iv tolg Sfifiaat xa&^ ^ntgav sxofisp, o» tqd" 
nov td vsdttia nsQi&tofuat, tolg fiiv iv^wat x^lm» 
aai tdg ntiqvyag, td ds impaivovta t&v voittav, xal 
nQogeQnovta navtax^disv dva^9x^(Atva^, fuitdtou 
ytyri^^g ti xa\ 7tQog<piUg in^&iyytoj^m* xvvag 
di xa* dQoxovtag, dv ntQl avt&iv t^opir^&mat, (fjth^^ 
yovaiv av di nsgt tvtv tixva^v, dfiifvovtat xat dta» 
udxovtat naQd dvvafuiv, slta tavta oi6f*tda nd^ 
tovtoigivstQyda&at trf!V (^vaiv, dXtxtOQtdtov iniyo^ 
v^g xa* xvvav xal a^xtow nQOVOovaa», ul£ ov% i|» 
udg i^vgtanovaav xal tttQotaxovaav ^ . tTttloytiQfu^ 
vovg, ott iavta TtaQadtlyftata toig inofUrotg, tsHg 
S* dvttXyritotg ovsidrj nsQisatt tijg dnad^siag^ di «m^ 
xatfiyoQovat t^g dv&Qianivtig ipvatug f$ivrig ^ fiif 
nQolrta rd atiQystv ixovatjg, fifidi iniataftivfjg 9*- 
' XsXv avtv XQtiag^ &avfjtdistcu yoQ iv toig &sd:f^otg 
a ilniuvr- 

Mta&ov yaQ «v&QWttov ug 3:v&Q(onov iftXti * 
xorr ^JETtixovQOV, 6 natiJQ tdv vtdv,^ ^ Mi^9 ^^ ^* 
^ro^,.oinaldsg tovg «xdi^Tac.aAiU» ti h6yov yivQito 



DE.AMOHE PllOLlS. 309 

tmg &9igiots awMatg, xal 10^x6 ng tU ii9tv6if ^si»- 
B^or awayttjfenf imtovg nalfiittg nalxvvag Jtiu o^ 
i^t^ag, upa^iyiatto fata/gatpag, &g ovn ni^ 
iTfl (ita&^ axfvkttxag qaXovatv, ovxe Xnnot imlovg, 
oStb o^t^fg nottovg, dXXa ngoata xai ^vatmg, 
intytimad^Bttti toig andvtuv Tta&eatv c^ tv xal ' 
4Xn&.^ Xi/6fttvoK cua/gdy ymg, w Shv, tdg ^gitatf 
ywiattg xal Xoxtiag xal o^yag zal ttKVOtgoqilag 
(ffvaty «Zro{« xoil;(dgtv, tdg da dvdQimviv, ddvaanal 
fU9&oifg xal d^^aPuyag inl /^e»a<$ Moftivovg* 

III. ^AXX* oirTC dXrf&rlg 4 Xoyog, ovx uiiog dxoii* 
ftiy» 19 ydff (piatg, aansg iy ifvtolg dyqiotg, olovo\r 
vdv&atg, igtvtotg, xotivotg, dg%ng dnintovg xal dtt' 
Xttg ^fjiigfoy xaqn&v lfAq)vti * o^» totg fiiv dX4yotg 
t& ngdg td tyyova (ptXdatOQyov, dttXig xai ov dm^ 
^ nq6g.dtxatoavvriV, ovds tijg ZQ^otg ngoaujigia 
y^qot^ifttvop bdaxtv • ay&Qomov di, Xoytx6v xal 
noXifitK^ Haov, inl dixjiv xal v4fxov tladyovaa ^al 
^htSf^ ttftdg, xal ndXtmv iig^atig xal q>iXo(pgoa{fVfiv, 
ytwaia x«i xald xal (ptqixa^a toifitov amQftata 
Tfaqia-XB trpf nqog td tyyova X^Q^^ *^^ dydimnatv, 
dxoXov^ovati talg itQmatg «^jifttT^* avtat ^ riaav 
iv t€ug tSiv wofidtfov xatuaxtviug* navtaxov fuv 
ydq 1} ifhatg dxgt^i; xo» qstXdt^xvog xtd dvtXXtn^g 
xal dntgltfifitog , ov5iv (c&p &priatv *£gaai(nQatog) 
txovaa (tmtxdv, td di ntgl T^y ysvtatv d^ioig ovx 
tattv tintjv, ovdt tvnqtnig taoag-Xiav dxQt8&g t&v 
dmQQtitoiv i(pdnttv&otk toX; ovdfiaat xal tolg ^ij* 
uaatv^, dki^ dnoxttfxivoiv xal xtxQVfifJtivmv imvotlf 



330 PLVTA&CHI: 

ww iv^ifka^. ' uqadi "9i '^ wo jmlmang i^ymaim wn 
ohafwofua tiip n^wataw mvr^g ifa^i9m& aal imifU^ 
UuKW, T9V yaq mfuno^ oaawm^tnmfta vigz9%iag 
iw toSg ^vwmtS^ ^^ dftfiltn^ta aal fua^nfUi t»9 
nwBVftoJog imnola^w iftmlmwStwai-aa* ffa^wgi, Toir 
iier oUoy /^JniF ^^tarai «u ftsftddwiiMew iftft^otg 
flfu^ nt^Motg, oxnovgiud n6^ovg muff -djg ^v- 
amg itwmaroftovaiig,anoxf6fttwow, «d ftiw alko dmfim. 
xowp^^ aal aa&ai^tw, r^w divatifmw tdow- a^w^ 
aal an6^ j^w iw ^vroig offySaaw iw xai^ nm^ 
Xiiw. Sxmw "dsrr^y Yowrnw ^walafy n^oamaovaa'^ 
vatiqa, aal nt^mukjf ^it/tmmg, ytwoftiw^g * • o yoQ 
oftipaldg n^Sswow iw ft^^ijaiw {wg^tfniai^^ftda^tTog) 
d/nvgiilUXiow ai^Mf aalnkiwtigifttpiiirat, niiaftm 
xal nl^ftaim, ytwwotfiiwtf aaf/na xal fuXlowtt * to«$ 
ftiw iftfMfiwovg xalxa&agaiovg arlcMrcr oxnovgifpiH 
aigf tov ds atftarogmwttlafifiawofiiwTi tpegoftiwov, 
tffotp^ X^"' 'tt*^ xatdgdu t& figi<pog ^^h^ avwtatd^. 
luwow xal diaaXati4fi€wov * dxQtg ov tov$ ngoati' 
xoftag dQi&ftovg tji iwtog av&iatt xwi&iw, itigag 
dwatgoipTig xal /tupo$ diritat, %6te ovw '§6 euftanaw» 
t6g IfiiisUatBQOv (pvtovQyoSb xal oxtt^yov nQ^glti» 
Qaw uq>* ktigag ixtQsndvoa, xal ftnaXaftfidvovaa 
XQ^iow, ix^t TtaQeoxtvaaftivag oiow iyytiovg ttrdg 
XQrfvag vdftatog iniQQiovtog , ovx dQyug ovdi dna- 
&wg vnodfxoftiwag , diXd xdi nwsvftatog^nitf &tQ^' 
It6tfitt xdi ftaXaxjj ^riXvt^ti, ixni^t xai Xt^vmt' 
Ha2 futafiaXuv dvvaftiwag* toutlftfiw yOQ 6 ftartoc 



DE AMOKE l>ROLlS. 331 

txH ivtdg did&satp Mfil K^otv, ingoal i^a yov ^^cS- 
la»Jog ovx Hoiv, trdis xgovrohfAsd-iivTts^dd-Qdfag^ 
tlg di aaQxa nidaxtoSti nal n^oig^uxqiiJta Unxo^ig 
difid-ovaaV' anolijyov, ivfievig tw 10 v Vfjniov 0x6- 
fiau 9ial nQoaquXig yjamai xal nsQiXapiiv ivdidioat 
tapBiov. aXXd tovt^ y% tavtoaovtotv inlT^v yi" 
vtatv igyaXsim , xal toiovtav oixovofimVi xat q>i' 
Xotifiiag, xal >nifOvoiag, &v$sv 'rjv 4iqifXogy ei fiij-t^ 
<piX6atOQyov r^ xp vaig • xal xridffiovixov ivttqydaato 
taHg texdvamg. 

Ov.fi£vydQtt!Siov iailv^oi^VQdiTSQOV ovdQdg, 
iffdvtatvoaaatByaXccv imnvkiH tn xaltQnu* 
tovto ovApBvdeta^ Xiyciv inl vtiniov xal dQttytrovg. 
ovdev.^^iQ iutty ovtug dttXig, o^di anOQOv, ovH 
yvfivdv , odds afAOQqtov , ov^i fitaQhv, iig av&Q(onog 
iv^yovalgSQbtfievog* w fi6v<^ axeddv ovSs xa^aQov 
tdaxsv eig gi&gof^v rij(pvatg, dX^ aiftatt nsxpVQfii» 
vog, xahXv&Qov nsQinXstogf xat q>ovsvofjtiv(^ fjttxXXof 
rj yswoifiivo} ioixciig , ovdsvdg iattv aif^aa^at )ftx» 
dvsXia^dtott xai dandoaa&ai xai nsQiXafieiv, rj toZ 
(pOast (piXovvtog, di6 twv fASvaXXfav ^(umv vnotr^v 
yaatsQa td ov&ata ;foA« toi/g ftaarovg, toug ^s yv- 
vai&v dv(o ysydvaatv nsQt td atsQvov iv iq)txta tov 
(ptX^aat xat nsQtntv^at xai xataaytdaaa&at i6 vri" 
ntov &g tov tsxstv xal &Qiipat tiXog ov XQsiav, 
• dXXd qtiXiav s^ovtog, 

IV. ^£nl tovg TtaXofiovg dvdyays r6v X6yov , atv . 
tatg fisv tsxstv ngdttatg, to7g d idstv avvifiri ttxtd^ 
usvov PQi(pog, oijts v6fiog r^v ixzivotg tsxvotQOfpslv 



332 PLVTARCHI 

7tQoaTdtt09v , ooTs 7tQoa9o}tia xo^Q^tog rj 7goq>Eto/p 
ijil vioig davei^ofjdt^m, zaXsnng ds fiSXXop tTjtoi^ 
&p {Ivai Xtt» ^vTjoixdxovg' Tfis texovaag xoXg pqitfZ' 
m, xivdifVfav tb fitydXav xal ndviav ainalg yivoai'' 
inav. "^ 

'Jlg d* oxav bj^ivovaav tx?i piXog oJiJ pjvaixa 
Aqtiii, td te Ttqoiaai (ioyoat6xoi eiXti&wa$, 
"tiqrig d-vyateQeg, mxgdg wdXvag ej^ovaat. 
tavta ovx '^O/irjQov ai yvvaixeg; «AA' 'Ofitigida ygS' 
y/ai Uyovatv, texovaav rj tixtovaav eti, xat ro fi£^ 
yfia tijg uXyri^dvog dfiov mxgdv xal oiv yivofievov 
iv tdig anXdyxvoig l]{fov(7a7. dXXd td q>vaet gnXd' 
atogyov sxafinte xal r\yev ' eu ^eQfirj xal diaXyijg 
nat xQa^atvofdvri tdig n6votg, ovx vmgepri td yfj- 
mov ovde eq)vyev, dX£ imatgdipij xal ngoaefieii^ia'' 
as, xal uveiXeto xal '^andaato* firidev ridv xaQTtov- 
fiivti, fir^^e xQriPifiov^dXi imn^-vag xal taXmmoQ(og 
dvadfxofiivrj 

— t&v anaQydvtav, eQetnioig 
OdXnovaa xal yjvxovaa, xal n6v(a n6vov 
'Ex vvxtos aXXdaaovaa tSv xaS^' rifisQav. 
tiviov tavta fiiad-iav tj xQft^ii' ixeivotg; dXI^ ov8e 
totg vvv al ydg eXnideg adfjXoi xal fin-^Qai, afi- 
ntXov iarifieQiag iaQivijg axdipag, fieton(OQiv^g itQif' 
yriae\ nvQOV ^aneiQe dvofiivrjg nXeiddog, elta dva-- 
tUiXoiarig ^eQiisf §6eg xal Xnnoi xal OQviS-egetoi- 
fia tixtovatv inl tdg xQsi«S' dv&Q<anov ds ^ fsiv 
ixTQoq}^ noXiinaiog , ri diav^ioig ^Qade7a' t^g.ii 
uQi T^g fioxQav o varig, iTQoano &vr]aHo vatv ol nXit- 



DE AMORE PROLIS. 333 

atM jfatiQef, evH inuda triv JSalainm 2V^id^ 
v^y OifiiaroxXioyg, ovdi %ov JEvQVfiidovta Mdzid^ 
^g rdv KifAWvogt ovdi ^xovai TliQiHliovg Aavdin^ 
nog dfjfiriyoQovvrog, ovdi *AQiar(av JlXarwvog {fdo" 
oeqiovvrog, ovdi JEvQmidov 9ial J^oifOTtXiovg vfxag 
0% nariQtg tjpmaav * ^inXU^ovrm xa\ avXXa^l^dv' 
rcmv r^XQoS^vro, xai xafiovg xal,n6rovg xal tQmag 
avrojv otav&Qtjnot nXrifAfiiXovvroiiV intldov £ar8 
inaiviia&a^ xal fivtifjiovivia&ai rov Eviivov rovro 
li6vov, ag iniyQaijtiV' 

*!Er diog, ^ XvTVH nalg narQt ndvra XQ^vov* 
AXHk ofioig ov navovrainaid4xgrQiq>ovrigy fidXiora di 
0% naidm ^xtara dBdfnvot. yiXolov yuQ, tV rig olt* 
Tori Tpv; ^Xovaiovg &vbiv xal iaiQtiv y%vofxiv(av 
avTolg rixvm, ori rovg d-Qiif/ovrag l%ovat xal rovg 
^dipovrag, il fiij ri} Jia xXtjQovofitov dnoQia nal' 
dag rQicpova^v. ov yaQ tariv tVQtiv ovd^ inirvxdv 
rov rdXXdrQta /SovXofiivov Xafipdvtiv. Wdfifiog, rj 
it6vig, ^ nrtQu noixiXo&Q^mv oiavwv r6aaov ovx 
iXtraQi&fjibv, oaog iarlv 6 rav xXtiQovofiovvrwv, 

Java6g 6 mvr^xovra ^vyariQcov nar^Q • 
ii di dttxvog r^v^ nXtiovag av tlxt xX^QQOvofioyvrag^ 
TM* ovx ofioifag. ol fiiv yuQ nalStg x^Qiv ovdtfiiav 
$XOvaiv, ovdi tvtxa rovrov ^tQamiovatv , ovdi t«» 
fiomv, ag wptiXrjfia rov xXiJQov ixdtxdfitvoi, rwv di 
dXXotQionf ntQl r6v artxvov ipo»vdg dxovtig roug xm 
fnxalg ixtiva^g ofioiag, 

^Jl dijfit, Xovaai nQmov, ixHixdaag fiiav , 

"Ev&ov, ^Qpfiaov tvrQay* txt ZQmPoXov, 



334 1'LyTARCHI 

•to di V7i6 rou BvQifildov Ai/ojtisrov 

Ta ^f^ij/iaT* uyd^QMTEOiaiv tvQiaxsiv q>lXovg, 
Jvvafilv T8 7tXdaT7}v jmv iv dv&Qanoig ^w', 
ovx ixTiXSig dXrj'&igf dX)^ inl lojv dtixvoav * tovtovs 
oi nXouaim dHTivi^ovaiv, ol riyfiidveg &fQamvovaiVg 
oi §fi%0Qsg fidvoig .tovioig nQoXna avvtiyogovaiy. 
^laxvQov iati nXovaiog dyvoqviisvop- 
"Bxfov xXrjQOvo/wv. 
"noXXoifg yovv 7toXv<fiXovg xa» noXvTifirixovg ovtag^ 
IV naiSioy ytwapiBvoy d<pilovg xal ddvvdtovg inoif^ 
riasvi S^BV^ovds nQog. dvva/jiiv ov&iv iativ UHpiXt^ 
Hovdnd twy tixvwv, dXXd tijg (pvatag td nuv x^ct* 
tog, ovx rittov iv dv&gdmoig rj '&r}Qioig. 

V. *E^fjLavQOVtat yaq %a\ tayta rm noXXd tmv 
aXXcav vndtijg xaxiag, bjansg Xdxfi^jg fjfjiiQOig anig- 
fiaai naQapXaatavQvbrig, i) firfii kavtdv qtvaet giQ^ 
ysiv Toy avd-Q(onov Xiypfjisv, ,oti noXXql a^pdttovatv 
kavtovg^xal xataKQtjfiy^ovaifVi 6 d^ OldiTtovg 

^Hgaaa inaiQtav pXifpaQa' qiqinai d^ dftov — ^ 
'Hyriaidg diaXsydfJuvog noXXovg inoi^iasi^ dnonaQtS'' 
g^aat t&v dxQQtafUvv^y/ * 

JIoXXiH fiQQq>fil tSv datfioyinv * * 
Taxfxa di iatty, &amg,iiis1v»i yoarifiata wxinA&n 
.^vx^g tov'xat€tkpifaiyiSiatdvta tdv av&^tanov, £g 
avtol xatafxaQTVQQvaw kavt&v' avydgvg rsHOvaa 
9^Xq>dxioy, rj }ivuy diaanaQd^rjAJxvXdxioy, d&VfAOV' 
ait nttl 'taqdttoytat ^xal^^olgdnotfdnotia ^lovah 
nttiriQag yofdlovaiv ,^ &g ndatnatd tpvaiv otiQyuv 
xdr'tKKt6itsva ndixQiq>Hy , ovK dvaiQsiy ^ nQootjnoK 



BEAMOREPROLIS. 335 

o V ,/i^v uXXd mmg iv to#c niTcAXoiq noXXtj avfmB^ 
q>VQftivov yji ital xaraxe/ODO^jucVof ;.o/i<tf$ ^taailX^fi 
19 Xqvaiov, . ovTcog 11' (fvatq iv awoig^iotg '^/la^Tf}- 
fiivotg •rj'&tai tiai > na&satv ix(fifitlvH <t6-n^6g td f/- 
yova (ptXoffxoQYQV, ol fjtiv ydg nivfittg.oviQitpovai 
' tixva, q^o^ovfisvot > firj ,^Hqof^ fi nqoar^H 'i:gixq>ivTa 
dovXonQsn^ xa* imaidivta,. ital tSJVitdXiiv ndvjoiv 
ivdfft ^ivTjTai • r^v ydg^ mylav eaxafov ^yo vfisvoi 
9tax6v, . ovx vnofjtivovaif jt9Ta<h\f9fai leHVOig^wgasQ 
Ttvd^ .xaXsnov^ xal fJtsydXov yoo^/^T»^» . 



IT^OYT^FXOT 

m' AITJPKHS- 

mONLAN., 



'' X "Jtofiivst tb 'abjfitt TtsngafiivevTijg gpc^* 

Vfig Ixtav , mg EvQtnidrig (pf^alv , , PQaxiot ^i^r^Xtoxa^ 
itqtl dpi^utar i^di ov nolXijg.(fid tiq^Qag, dXXd 
itVQXaici^ ttvoc.^daiJitxTJg noQtvofj^v(»iml^SQtq>Xs-- 
ypfjtiv^,' aa&fiatog xat q6jSov'fJtsat^i , xal IdQmog. 
dianovtiov, . nXoMv ttva nQoa^sla(»' TaaftdXstov 
dnoXfxvaa^ di daxoXidv ovd^vafjtivti», 6 fjtsv ydQ 
Si3tvomogJxs%vog innotQ6(ppiJSv *(pQgvwv,' .(^a)x« lut 



4MU^ f*fW>*fo ^vMm^^ iig fiaduap 9vf^kip tmli^o» 

mA n^MmeH fonoyyitg ffliwf , pfidwbs tialolirt^g^ 
cii&otptttt di avt&p 4nl T^aj^Aor .m^ uiiieii luxl 
mfOT^Ofiindi nal &VQavliaf imnovovg, fpa Iknov t»- 
yi^fJindgnfigt ^ toiavjTig Ttyd^ ivrifAiQiag ilfx^^] 

Tov di Halafi^tdQV(piig aloxog ^vX&Xfi VidXttjno, 

Kal 96fiog^fAntXiig. 
ai(fBtai di ital nXavatat tQtfitffUpog w t^atv iXnl^ 
£wK noi nQonriXatui&ftBpog' av di »ai th^ upfg 
&f. no&Bt, mQisrex^slg nal anotodivtdaag n^ t^r 
t^( titxng mtavqioft^v, an4fiaatv figrM, jwI^mmh 
^'{ci tovg dd6fovg xal da(jpaX&g imrtag' ol f ia^iU 
vop naXtp, avti fiXinovtig vniff avtoig ^^&fu»0f» 

II. ndvttag 7i xoMta diatldi^t ndwtagmv&QA'' 
Tfovgf avtotiXiig ttg ovaa tiig Moxodatftovktg dtiftt^ 
0VQy6g * otfT* ydq oqydvmv ovti vnnqtj&v txtt xqbI^ 
av* «iUQ» di titifavvok anov^d^ovxig ovg av moAii-» 
(oKny d^Uovg notiiv, i^ifjtiovg Tfc^to» ua^ §€taa^ 
vnatdg^ n navtripa xo» a^yof intfttixavSvtat, dXA" 
^oy yfVj^' 1} di aoMia, iUxa ndaiig naQaatt^vSfg, 
t^tfryxi avPtX^^a, avvitqttfm naittatifiaXB, X5* 
migipittXffa$,^(filPmP9 ffa^^vfiiag, ftftafttXBiag 
To^ SvdQWtop. tvtfti^top ^i' tM)tp6ft9vot noXXjol 
q.^0mSat, ftal ftaattyovfisvot naQttQOvat, ttaX Cipn* 
Ptf^f$ftm hn^d^auowp titvffdvvm, ^puvtfv ovtt <x- 
9%^av, Sfop 4 -f*Xn ftif^fwfa tf X6/i^ t^ tdvov^ 



ANVmOS:ADINrEI.. SVFFICUT? 537 

fiov^&xtymfjpm mlatiag, vits 9vaq>og6tma jurrer- 
yo^ ftij po^aat, fiffli tioy tgtx^ laflia&at, '^ i6r 
ftfigdv )e^o1;va«. ovjta xal Tti^^g iativ 'ff nania nal 
aidiiQov /iiaioTii^. \ 

4lL A n6l%tg dfinav9^€v^oiap tndoaiw P'ik&> ? 
7taXoaa&9 ngoyQUipmty, ifk^oSvTor» tiaP tBxvitwv '«/- 
IMiXkiaifiivtav ntgi i^g iQyoXafitag , xalJioyovg nal 
naoadilyfjiara MOfH^dvmv' clra algavvtai idvait 
iJt&trovog dtnTr&Vfig ^' aitd notovvta kuI pi^ikov 
xtt» tiixtov. (^iQt I5i} nal fiii&g htdoalv ttva piov %al 
'&v&Q^nov xaxodaifjtovog nQoxtiQiaattv , cato nQog- 
^tsvai tfi iQyoXapia t^ iv^riv ttal r^v xaitav dta^ 
' fptQOfiivag' t^v fjiiv oQydfoiVtt ivaptodan&v ndtd^ 
nltwp xal naQaantVffg noXvteiavg ng antQyadiav 
nano^aifjtovog tonjg xa» otmQag * XtjdTfiQtd tivat 
nal noXifiovg nal iVQavvtav iitatq>ovioig , nal ;|feijUb/« 
yetg in ^aXdttrjg , nal ntQawbv i^ dsQog iq>^nofjii- 
rtfv, nai ntavtta tQiflovaav ,'nal $/(pi/ (fdqovaav, na\ 
avnofpAvtag ^tvoXoyo^aav , nal jtVQtiovg iSdntov-' 
aav , nal ni9ag ntQtnQoiovaav, nal neQtotifodofiOV' 
aav itQntdg' naitottoitmv td itXnataT^g naniag 
ftaXXoif ^ ttjg tpx^g iaHv • aXXd ndvta eofio t?c 
tifpfg, ^ 9« naniot TtaQtaiSaa yvitvrj nal fiffdtfog 
diafiivti t&v l^&tttinl t&v Sv^gtanov, iQmdinnal 
tipftixn^, fiiag ftOtriatt*nanodalfiiivu nal a&vfi6v 
't6p av&Qtoitop. *rhxfl, ntviav' amtlHgf nataytXa 
aov MtitQonkiig , o^gxftfi&pog iv toJg tiQO^totg x«- 
Plvt.Mor.I1I. Y 



.3g8 . PLyXABCHI 

T^y ip BaflvXSivkiX^^fUiliotrfti , . Ha} jstgl Mrfiiop &9^ 
^ortmJltQaup PaoiXda mgl tvda$jiopUig $lg.a/Si^a 

^ nffovnalnTo^ dovUiav xal ^fid xo» n^asiv im^ 
^fK/ xfitra^^^om aoy ^toyivijg, og va^Tav if^y 
moXovfUPog, ixrigvTTB* Tig. oivi^aaa^ak fiovlsuih 

• 9$aadnip; xltXijta q^agfiwtov tagdtjtig^ ovxi xul 
^omgdut.javiriv Ttgoimsg; ads^toig.itastTtgttog, 
ov Tgiaag',. ovde ^ioHp^ee^o; oui^i jjf^ctfjuaTQ^.ov^iy, 
ovdi axulAatog, fid}^ evxdlagi^iTMV' d7to&r^*otna 
Si avtop ifiaxdfiiQy oiiiavts^, agovd^- iv ^Sov&tiag 

/ aviVfwigafiadfMVOP, xo» /tirjif Td.Tri)^ oat/ Jixipg. d 
'Paftalmv ^arfiy^g jtgoila^iv, pTs^wy ggatonidm iv 
fiioi^nvgdv.vTiaag, j^Kgdvtff xax tvx^vavjdgiaVTQit 
ixaXX^igriaiv vnig tijg . fiytfjiopidg^ ^lvdoiv • di q>lXar* 
dgoi> xal adKpgoPfg yvVQiixig.wiigjov nvgogJgi^ova* 
3{alf4a^opTat.ng6gdXXti^ag, j^if di pixfiaaaap te* 
^fixdjt Tudvdgl avyxatajfXsyiivahfiomagiapadav^ 
atv a* Xotniii. Tav- di ixii aoq^m ovdslg.iiiXwog 
oibk fmxdgiaT^g ioTiv , av fA^Xo^v sTt.xal tpgqp&p 
%ai vyiaipm , jov.athfiaTogariv y^vx^v nvgl J<cc^4~ 
4JSJ, .nal xadiagdg ix^fi T^g.aaQx6g,Jxvi}pd^^ogM 
&viit4p, dXX^ e$ qvaifag lafufgag xai oly ov- xa* t^ a« 
ni^T^g xai noXvTiXuag tlg.TQi^wa x$inngapxal 
ngogaltiiatP'iq>fjfiigov^ jgoqiijg xaTaiHg^, favta $if 
^tfAOpiagMgxal JiioyivH,. Tavta iXav^tgiag^Kgd" 
tfjT^ nai di^g, dXXd tig ajc^gdv ■ xa^XtMiBig,' ^ 
oxdXom-n^iHg,' xalji OtodGtga fiiXH, ndugop^ni^ 
rfigv.vn^ rn^ anTfta*;, :Skv^m tvdaifj^opig.jafpul 



AN VITIOS. AD lOTEL. 6VPFICIAT? 6S9 

yivtqovg- ia^iowh natctvdftovgy otav gsanaghv ti- 
lovg tvyxdvtaatv. 

IV. Tivag ovv lalha mitodalfiOfag notiti ; iovg 
apdvd^vgf xal dXoyiaTOvg, toifg tv&^fimtovgical 
dyvitydaiovgj toitg i% vrpiUav Sg-sxovot ddiag-qyv^ 
Xdttovtag-; ovnovv ; ovx Botir { tifxfi xaxodaifw-' 
viag. tsleawv^ydgy dv fi^ nanlav ^fi awB^vaav. 
wg yn(f ^XQditfi t6 oatiorngist, titpiftt xal a^Ci^/eS- 
fi^oxov yBv6fitvov, tuxI t^v iliipavta t^iif^u fiaka^ 
ndv yiv6fAivov xal ^^ZcSyra xdfnttovoi nal diaaxfi" 
fMttiiovatv, SXXng di ov difvavtat' ovriag ^ tifxil 
^g^ m7tov&6g- i^ avtov xal ftaXaHdv xaxi^ n^gns' 
aolha itoiXaivH xal ttt^ihaxtti xa» xar^ans^ o ndm 
gp^nog-tSiv aXliov ovSivl pXajkgdg tav, ovdi XvnSh^ 
amoftivovg xal m^iq^igovtagiidvtt-^gfafiivotg iniia- 
evBx^fr f*6vov , . BV^vg dndXXvan^ ngoanenovdoti 
•w» t^v dno^o^v dixf>fdv<i^* o^tWTdv vndtijg tu- 
Xfi^^avvtqipifaea&ai fnXXof ta ttir yfvxrjv, Utov tX- 
Ttog-iv iavt^ nal nan6v ^x^tr dei ivtbg aaifndg , o- 
nngtd nQoanintorta^^»&iv i^tgd ttal odvgtd 
notffjffm 

¥. ^ oiv ^ Honk» totvdtoiv Siotn »?$ thxn^ 
SMUf&at nQbgnanobdtfM^iag dntQyaaiav ; n6&tv . 
«v> t^ax^ ><a* dvaxiifttQOv inaigstat niXayog, o v Xfi 
atwf ivo^htg diaBiivvvatv ividQatgiQ^fiovg vnwQd 
i^, ov viqifj xotXaiofidXa ntdiotgTitQtQi^ywat n«Q 
nwpdQOtg^ ovMiXttov ovdi 'Avvtov ovdi XaXXiSfvo 
indyH omwfAvtf^ , oin dq>atQittm nXoUov, ov 

Ya 



•f4^ ^^^¥ nlovwowtttg^ 9ino^Ma$,itXil^vottd>^ 

^j^ i^ y§, dtci &aXttTtiig, ivdi9vH9, itgdtrrtiqyih^, 

JtaJfrj^m^ %etlg iiit^ftlMg, diajHtlovaif ifoig'^b' 

uoKt avvT^iflovaa talg SEta&iatfiOfkttg, 'ihaoa)^'&mt 



nAOYTjtFXOY . 

HOTEPOHf ' ; 

TA rns WTXHZ H TA TOT SSIMAT^^, 
UAQM XEIPONM 



Ofiinqog fdv 4mpUipag td ^9fi%a tOv^ifitqiw-yetkff^ 
%ttl ^ffdg alkiiXa avyn^pag uatd tQvg fliovgmaim^ 
piattTiastg, ^^iqmviiasv, ig oidiv iaii» 

— oHjVQUtiqov dvd^g, . v « . 

Jjdvtm Saaa^ tc yaJav smmfiki ts nal ^sisr* ' 
^tf^tuof qm^ittJixk *k Hanm vm^rjv-mnodtdo^ 
%M f{vd-^iU!f. W^h ^9 Sam^ ^^fj nx&vta vfiilc«d«f^ 
^pyf^ tdy Sf&4^ui7lov^ Halmv Sileut o^&Mt9^ 
tf^jlav ^vfjyoQtVfpivov , ai^^ avt^ av^m^mfMi^ ^ 
&oUav xptn^v 4x*ovof, (mfMt 9tal iftvjf^v ^ iiai(f0^t^g 
^iIk nl/(f^Tmg, aild xalxdvv di6vikag. lirKf fM^- 



ANIMIWE AWCORPlAPP;SlNTPEIOR.'J*|l 

i^ynfatojf,'tlw nii^og aviijg^ ov fiix^dr det ff^'^ 
^^^viUa9 oq>iXog, iuv lAaifiov ^td x^gov ^'if^^iit' 
qidi^dov MialiuHpvnTOV^ '"' 

II. V/ f/Lcv ovv Aladmttog aXamiji 9F^V f^ixtXlhs 
d^Ka^f^ivfi n^g lijv naQdaXiVt ag ijeelvtj id aSfia 
Ko) fijv im(fidvBtav tvav&ij KaV Haidanntav irttdti' 
.ia%o, tfj di ^v jb^lav&ov avxfiffg6v xiir^ ov)^ ridu 
^pioiduv'. 'AV! iftov toi*i6'ivi6g {ifptj) oMon&v, o* 
dMaaxtt, noMtX4a%iQav fiB t^ ds otpe$, diiXavoa TJy 
ntgl 10 ri&og iwgionlav inl noJAd laXgxffsiaig dpuL^ 
/Sofiivf^y, Xiyofitv ovv iv rtfuv,- ou noXX^d ftiv, o) 
Svdgfone, aov xal tb^awfia xa\voa4^uata9tal nd&rj 
qfjiatLtt dviriaiv H kavtov xal ngoanintbvta dixt^ 
%ai ^vqa&tv uv de aavtbv ivdo&tv dvoi^g , no$' 
ttiXov t* xal nojAfna^ag xaxwv tafitlov tvgrjatig xai 
^rfaavqiafia y agq>r^ai ^rjfi^nQirog' oix K^ta&tv i^ 
w^^tovtm, dX£ Sgmg iyytiovg xa\ avt6x^ovag 
nriydg ix^vtw, ag dvifjaiv ^ xaxia, niAifx^vtag xal 
SaipiX^g ovaa to7g nd'&tat¥, d dstd fiiv iv ouqxI 
voa^fma aqtvyfioig xaVxgouiig iqv&qaiv6fnm ^cd- 
Qutai^ %a\ ^tpfi6trji^tg avrd xal ndvoi ni^omttU 
iXdyxovaif w d* iv y^vxfi larddPti tavg naXXoig 
ftoifd m(w, did %oift6 iatixani», n(foaaqtatgovfitva 
^v ia ay^if^ toth ndaxovtog ah&ijaiv. tiav JA^i 
ydg mgl %6 a&fta voarffidtwv i^^fuvog6 Xoyiafiig 
ttioMvtuu* wgi^i^tiig^^x^iyvvfoaSpai^tii, odH 
hp^gioiv.ii9iSi ndax»^ n^JXtt*/df& VfgMi * lihi 



542 l'LVTARCHr 

Sti t&v ytvxiii&P ngStov wl fjtiyiarov aqiltfiuv t^ 
£»owv,^ di ig dv^tojos ^ naHia tolg nokXolg ai/r- 
oiK^X mI ovyxtttafiiol 4tal avpam&ifriaxtt. aQxi^ 
yag vtisaXlayijg ioiaov fiip aSa&fiQig slg x^^ioipayov- 
aa Tov por^&ovvTog td niax^iv' o di amatia rot 
voanv,.ovH tid^g wdtitat,iti^v naqjl td &eQamvoVf 
dqviXtat, xe* yaq tmv ittgl th a^fm voatiftdttav, 
td futti uvakH&ftaiug j(^^Hii , lii&aqYOi, mpalaX- 
yiat, intXfi.tffiat, dnonXii^iai , avtoi t» nVQ$tol avv^ 
' ttivavttg 4tg nagattonijv ^6 qtXtyfjtaXvov, xal ziiv aV^ 
a&fjatv ^gniQ iv.oqydvt^ diataQci^aviMg, 
Ktvovat xoQ^dg tag ixtvfitovg q}Q$v&v» 
III. /fto n»ldkg iatQwv poi*XoMtat fiiv firj voaeiv 
tov av&Qfanov, voaavvta di, fiii^dyvouv, ott voati* 
totg ffivx^^ 9id&tai nmat avfjipifirjittv, ovtt yuQ 
viq>Qdivovttgf ovtt^uatXyuivovttg, ovi' ddtuoTtgdt- 
yo^vteg ufMtQtdvetv donovatv dXX* eviot 9tdl xatoQ^ 
OoTiv, TtVQeiov fiiv yaQ ovdelg lyeiav &v6fiaa$v, 
ovdi tp&iatv Hf^av * ov^i noddyQav noddtxetar* 
oidi iiXQiaaiv iQvdtifJM' ^vfii^v di noXXoi xaAov- 
rnv uvdQiav, xml eQota ,q^Xiavt xal q>&4vov SfuX" 
Xav, xal dttXiav daqMXtwv. il&* ol iiiv xaXovat 
to\i.g latQOvg, {eua^dvovtai ydQ tav 9eovtae ngdg u 
voaovatv) ol 9i ipevyovat tovg t^oa6<povg' oiovtae 
yttQ inttvyxdveiviv olg diafiaQtdvovatv. inel Toi- 
T^ ye t^ Xdytfi x^^f^^oe Xiyofiev, ott xovq)6teQ6v 
iattv otpdaXfiia fiaviag, xal mfddyQa q>QevittSog. 6 
(iiv ydQ aia&dvetmi mtl xttXlil i^v iatQdv xexQaydtg' 
xal ndQdvu %ijv 'C^v 'dXti^mt naQixH,t^ q>Xifla 



AWMlNfiAirCOHP. AFF.SlIfTPElOa. 3$Jj 

^di-fiaivpfiivfigliyaiftig - anovHg vn^%&% nd^^g td 
jq>iXmta4i/vofi»vias' 

"AyeSfitv i^ogeog (Xitm 
- T^idtoftoydnlitiXa&ge^ - 

31andQtovdfigana, 
naiydg 6 fth t^ amfidii Pod&P, ii^^g ivdovg •Hal 
-^ea^tlg iavi6y slg i6 xXmdtov , ^ijcrt^/err aytt- &tga' 
ntvdfttpog* &v d$ nov^fiingdp JSa% xal dui&xtgT^'' 
iffj t6 awjsta.ipXfyfiovijg ngo(^n99ha^g, ll^y t*^T&y 
nagajta^fjftivom y ffgatiig 

'^iv%y'oitiiXalmfg,-^tgi^--ciHgiv^^tfiviot^' • 
iniatfiat fttd xajiaztv^ oi d* iv totg yrvxtxo^ jru» 
^tatv ovttg, t6n. fjHiXuna n^ttovat, t^jt fJHiattt 
-TiavxdSovaiv tti ydgSgfial, twv ngd^vdgxal,td 
distd&ff, a(p6dg6Tfiit9-4gfi&v* dtd ^vipvxrivrigt'' 
fjtHV ovM imty, 'dXt otz fidXtata dsitat fiov^gnal 
0:ftmijg iHtlvnoawX^g S av&gomag, r6tt avtdv ttg 
"^ma^gov BXxovat , tdtt^dnoi^aXi^ntovaiy^i ^ijfjio*^ 
mt j^iXovttfiittt, oi tgmt^, af Xinai, noXkdTcal dgaP 
&¥ofia ftat^hiXtiv dvdqftoata toig itatgotfdvayHa» 
Sfifisvoy, 

jy.*^fl(fmg lyiy inwpaXifntgag xttf^^o^^^i^ 
oiiti&vtog, 4 HtaXvmv Hadogjiiaaa^at* ^ovtmg ot 
Hatd yfvxfjp x^^l**^^*i pagittgot, ol iJtiiXeta&at t6v 
ay&gtmov ovH-l&vttg, ov5* inta-niaat tttagayfiivoy 
t6v Xoytafidv dXXd aHvfiigvfjtog Hot dvtgfidttato^g 
iv tagaxn ''«» nXdvfj dgdfiotg oXt^giotg HOt naga^ 
tpdgotg dtaTQaxfiXtl^6fitvog ttg tt yavdytov tpofitg^ 



TQi^. ficy ydq nuax^f^v fi^vop, Jpig S9. *al ndaxtif' 
%al nouir nmnSii;^ avnPiptyii* %al tl dBtTa noHd 
XiyHPtSh^ai^ivj av^fotfi Tcpiti^ v^ifiviialgj^ip. 
Q^au tdv noXvv xoe» naiifiiy^ tovtov T.dy IvtaSi&a 
avvriqaffUvov^ m\ x^xdiiuvov ox^ov mql. zd. fi^gt» 
MiaX t^v.ayoQav ; ov & vaovjt^ o vtoi,iwvJs^iikvfl-aa^ 
siatgioig &toJg, ovi^ d/^og^nW lad-ifyvtsg UQiavdlr' 
moi>g;. pvn *Aa»Qal,^jjijljiAv^v.itaqniav dnaqxF^ 
qiigovtsg, ovdi Jtovvafj^ fit/iaxxsynivov ^ia&lor 
UQok vvil. Hoi KOivotg. Q^idS^vjigi m^me^*^ 4lff 
Stgjlttg itfiaioig, mgi49of>s a^^/f^ yo0fV4^fOi;^S|i)|r^ 
VQVOi» tiff^Aaiav ink ^ifwg nal dyfh^$tg. iftng^^fH- 
?M9vg. ^^vaav ivtaSt&a avgi^akUk'^ t^iih,:^^ 
ngayfAatm nl^{hog Sgnsg. gsvfidtm» d&qdm^p^ m^ 
uiav ^fiTtiTnmfir dypQdv,ual q^ttxiHUvuJU^MP^^ 
^y^v.QUivt^v xok oXlvfiivaihnoimtama^m*»$fr 
tiRv tgya; noktv riTftdlav.;, tktg^iffffJmitg,^ i^s^ 
gBfintoiasig^ili dvaxQaaki &egjt6h, ^imgjmi^M^gSt^; 
av exdnpiv dixnv ugn9^,Sv&qomQjf*iv$^flMii^' ndh 
&tV7utpvxe, nd&iv n^H' t^v fUv j&vifi^ e^&iid^g 
mnpiipti, %^v, di fiavmSn^* 4^](4«Kte.9qif: f}^.fSAt' 
uog in^&Vfda^. .,.,■,, ,'o. -^.^. ;-.u /.•« 



i\'; .; ■,; ■ ' '\t. -■»■ ^.V , t-^.M^ 4. 



i'iT 



^ j: a ^ -£• -s X L jt t[ 



^i^ihM9(fih t^y aHok^axltiy. td ydQ (pdgfiaitortxV' 
»5cy ^ ldyoi^,Skov6vrmp4otiv' ol d^ dd^Xaaxpt ov^ 
^vd^iiMbvatt' dilydg XaXovat. TKHaouvotxii 
MfwTor itaxdif ^^ Saiyfiolit ^ Ttjv affjuotavi xwpoifj^ 
^Q &i&tUi^9vd^ianv , dif&gwnap [oitjmt) fjtffiwo' 

^vatv. $tli&g> olv o' M^gmihig, KaXoSg ^iitt Ttgdg 

i&t dgiint09^'^g6at^P* 

' ■ OikSfdvvalpttiV ftrjaTiyovtafftftfcXdvaii ' 

'SSofo^imifvtl&v dvlf^l fiij aof^ XSyoi)$ • 
ifmii^^sgov iv ti^iSto» nqhit^v dSdXsaxPv, 'jucM- 
]^v ds mgt tov diftXiaxovr * 

OvK dv diJvaiiJt7iV'iA7J^d^x^(iBvov ftifinXdvai,- 
2a(pov$ inavtXSiv dv9(l fi^ aoqxa^Xdypvg * 
MuXXov difnqtavtXuvlioy<yvg 'av&gdthto XaXovvttfjth 
ngdg tovg oVKdiiovevtag, fAfj Miovo>ti di t&v Xtt' 
lovvitav, ual ydg dv dKOvarf t» Pqaxv^ tfig dSoXt^ 



m PLVT.ARCHIi 

nolXankaQLoy ayranodidiaoi, rny uiv yag iy^Olyfi-' 
nia OToav ano fnag qmwfig nolXag ivtavaxlaaug 
noiovaav, ima<poivov naXovai • t^? ^' Molsoixiuc 
av Hdj^Urto^-a^ifftai-XiyQ^y tiyQvg avtmh^rixu, 

Kivovaa xoQ^ag tdg dxivrjtovg <pQSVwv. 
fiiinot ovv avtoZgovx dg t^v y/vx^» , dk^ bU "ti(0 
yXwttav , ri dxo^ avvtit^tjtai» dto tolc fikv aXXo*g 
ififjiivovaiv oi Myat, iZv d^ ddoXiaxoiV dta^ovaiv 
Uxt' eigTisg dyytla, xsvoi^QtvSv, iixov^dsfuatol 
nsgitaoiv, 

11. Mi d^ olv doxsi migag fnt^vilXsXslfpd^tth 
flnafisv ngdg tdv ddoXsaxov * 

Jl nal, amna' n4XK sx ^ anyrjxaXd* 
dijo de td ngwtaxal fiix^atoL, id dHOvaai xaXdxov* 
a&tjvai' mv ovd* stigov tv%siv iyyivstai tolg a<Jo- 
Uaxoig, dXXd xal nsgl avtr^v triv im^/iiav djtp' 
dvanstovai. tdig fjLsv.ydq SXXokg voai^fAaat trjq ^v- 
X%g, oiov xpiXaqyvqifi, xpiXodo^i^, spiXrjiovia, toyo^v 
tvyxdvsiv, ifiv i<pisvtai, nsgisatiytolg S* d^Xioxoi^ 
tovto avii§aivsi,.xaXsnoitatiOV imx^ViJkOvvtsg yrig 
dxgoatav, ov tyyxdvovaiv , • dXXd ndgq>svysi ugo^ 
tgonddrjv xdv iv rintxvxXitp im xadsJSifiSvoi, x^v 
mgijfatovvtsg iv tavTbi ^sdaavtai ngogffott&vta^ 
taxs(og dvd^sv^v avioT^ nagfyyvaai. xal xa-&dnsg 
otav iv avXXoys^ ttvl yivr^at aifdnfit tbv ^Mgfii^v 
insiasXijXv^svailiiyQvaiVfOV^mgotav slg avftniaiov' 
i^.avvidgiov yt^fagifnov XdXog ligiX^fi, nfivtsg dno' 
atm&at, fxr^ QoviofjLsvot Xafiiir nagaaxstv: a^ 3* 



DE GARRVHTATE. 347 

avTd; SgJ^rai IkdlQUV vd ai4fta, ti^ yjl^ato^ &q 
avd novxiav Sxqav §eqiov mfiovtog, itq>OQmfiiivoi 
a^ov xttl vavTlav, iiaviatriaav, o&tv avjoHg avfi- 
pdlvH fi^Ts naga dsmvov avyxliTuv, fiyTtavanri^ 
vmv Jvyxavuv nqodhftfav , otav ^dQinogwfiv ij n^ 
wjiv, aXX^ dvaynaaTo^ * ngdgiuiTai ydq anavraxoVt 
r&v lijiajkiv avTiXafifiav4fiBvog, tov ysviiov, tijv 
nXivgdv &vgoKonm t^ X^^Q^' 

. — r n6^sg ^i) Ktix^^ 'ttfitwtaToi, 
n»rd tiv IdqxiXoxov., xal vrj ^ia .xtnd iovaoqAv 
*AgwTQttiXi\v,'r%a\.ydq avTog ivoxXovfiBv.og vno ado" 
Xiexov xal xontdftsvog aT^noigTial dnjyi^fiaai, noX-*^ 
XaKig avTov Xiyovtog: Ov &avfiaaT6v, jiQtav6zt^ 
^ Itg:; Ov tovTo (ifiial) •&avfiaat4v dXX il tig twh 
. dag exoiv <js vnofiivf*. kTigtj^ di tivi towvT(o fista 
noXXdifg Xoyovg sln6vTf KaTtidbXiaxflKd aou, 91- 
X6ao,q>B' Md.Jt^ (umv) ov ydg sr^o^sejifoy. xa2 ydQ 
av flidatovTat XaXdtv o? ddpXtaxoi, nagd^wxtv av^ 
to7g ^ yfVxi td tata m^avTXBiv t^^tv, avTtj d* 
bvrdg itigag tivdg dvantvaatt ml dii^tai ngdg av^ 
t^v qiqovtidag' od;tv ovts nqoatx^^vtwv ^ ovtf Tttr 
atBv6vt(av dxooatw svnoqotat, twv fiiv ytig ngog 
tdg avvovaiagsvxataq>6giav ayovovilvat t.6 aniqfia 
Xiyovat * twv d* ddoXiazoiiv 6 X6yog dtskijg xal «- 
Kaqn6g iatt* 

III. Kaitot y ovdsy 6vt(agiq ipvaig $V8Qxcag xfi« 
'^agdxiaxs t&tvnaQ* tifuvywg tfjv yXmtav, /iaXofiivfi 
^QOVgdv nq6 aviijg tovg 6d6vTag, tv , idv ivTog *«•• 
tmtsivoviog iivld aiyaX6ivta tov XoytafAov, fli vtjo' 



^lfl; ■ pTjd * ufidljtat, l^y[iaaiv ttSt^f Matixfofitp 
9ij1^'4ie^a(Tl&r biliidirovng. axaXlifaP 'y^g, ev^ia^ 
tektm, 'ovd^ olxrifidcim, dlkd atofiditay tdiiihg 
db&tvxtAV & Evginldr^ q>rjalr. ot lll*' otnri(id%tavju9 
i^QOiii^, %a\ paiXavtmv SlJiafifov iiiffiiv tfftXoqoti^ 
fnv^i -toJg xsxtr^fiivoig that, Vt^aai.d* axXuatots 
ihkl ^S&iigoigfUagneg^jdtov ndirtov, Hid navtZg tjoj 
^iovai xQ^fi^^oi , ndvtfav dttiioiatov^yila&ai -t^v 
X6yov ioixaatv. S&bv ovdi nidxtv Bxovatv, rjg 'nicg 
XiSr/og iifiitat • : xo ydg^ olxifov • a vto u TtXog , tovt 
tatt', niativ ivigydaaa&at rdig tntoiovatv * dk^ 
ato^vtai d* oi Xtikot, xav dXrjMwaiv, Sgneg ydg 
6 nvgdg slg- dyytiov xataxhia^ilg , toT /ue^ ^^''^^ 
nXiiidv tvgtaxitat, tjj^di XQ^h fioxd^gdttgog * oStm 
loyog tlg dddXsaxov ifj^tatav av&gtanov, noXv notu 
tav ipsvl^ovg intfistgov, w dtd^p^sigsi triv niattv, ' 

IV. ^JSttr toivvv t6 fis^vstv nag Sv&gtanog oidiq- 
fixav xal xdofitogqivXdXdit av f^avla ydg Ofio^^ 
XOg ftsv ^ ogyrj xativlovg, ^ bi fii&rj avvoixog* 
f3Nx)jLov di fiavid, tv fiiv xgovto rjttojv, tta d* kxov- 
iftta fislSiov , oitTo ' avdaCgstor a vifj ' ngogsats. t^g 
di fii&rjg ov^iv oviot xatrjyogovaiv, &g t6 mgi 
t^ifg 16yovg dxgatsg xal dSgtatov. 
' *' Olvog ydg t^^i^firjxs noXvq>govd nfg fidi uuaai, 
' Kai ^ dnaXov ysXdaai, xal t ogxriaaa&al av^xe. 
it\tzh6i tir dstv6iatov,. ^^ xal yiXoK xoi o^x^olg 
<3i^dsV Sxgi todttav* 

■ 'Kal-Tt snog*ngoifjxsvi Sntg 'i^ag^rjtov Sfuivov* 
tovio ildn dsivdv xal imxivdvvoP' xal ft^ nott r6 



H^ G4HRVMTATE. 449 

Okymamg xat^/^i&JiS diuqio^iv ktQtixtv {M^fia^^ 
j^if, iytai^\ fd^TiS dhj^tpXva^lav.xoyag^iv ly x^ei^^ 

^qv viliipov.TOSt iJ^t rrjg yXmxfjg iarlTOV (Atd^ovTO^p 
lug oi TtaQOiftiaSofisvol jipmtv,^o&ev o ^iv J^i(^giv 
tivi npjoj aP(t3nwv,xalax(a7n6fisvog klg a^tktyiQiai^y 
vn6 iivog ddoXiqxov Kal xig av (ifpri) dvvouio fK/i" 
Qog Sy iy oivby amnav ^^A&r^vj^ai di ug.tgidiv ngi^ 

jPeig paadMovg , iipiXo-iifiri&fj anovduZovaiv avTqlg 

'awayaytXv itg^avtd tovg spiXoa6q}Ovg ' x^tojiiviay 
t5i Twy aXXfav ttoivoXoylcc* nal tdg avfipoXdg aTUxdi* 
^dovtcfv, tov ds Zrivoivog r^av^lav uyovtog,-<fiXog)qo^ 

^rr^a&fitvot xal nj^om6vtsg oi-^ivoi* Jlegl aov Sii ti 
XQT^iy^^^t {^(poaQiv) w Zrivtitv, icf ^aaiXtl; xr/xu- 
:vog • !^Ao fifiOiv, {tlmv) ^* ot* nQtgpvt^jg iauv (v 
Adr^vaig, na^d n6tov aifannv dvvufjiivog, dvtuji 
^a^v Hol fnyattiQiSilkg ,^ atyri xdl vipfdliov' fi da 
fii^ri, XdXov* avovv ynQ xal oliydcpQOV, dtd tovto 
ital noXvcpoiPov, oi de (pd6ao<poi^ xal OQi^qftivfii 
irjv fii&rpff Xiyovatv itvai XriQriaiv nuQoivov • ovTotg 
ov ytiyttai t(a niviiv, u nQogtir^ tj} nivuv t6 aton' 
ni/v * ttJlX* fi fjitoQoXoyia fii&iiv noisi tr^v oXvmatv, d 
fiiy ovv fudvojv Xrigu nuQ olvov' 6 5* vid6XiaxoQ 
navtaxov Xrif^ti, iv uyogn, iv &tdtQ(iif, iv ntjQ^dtoi, 
fit^ rifiiQuv , TuxtoDQ' tati Si dtQumioty, t^v6' 

■ dov* ^QVttQog* avfiniioyv, trjg vttynug^iridiaTfgi^^(^ 
inaivtav, tovtpiyovrog inax&iattQog. rjdipv yi^.y^t 
novriQotgo^doiaiv iniSt^^Qtii^^,^fiiWS ^^oX^^jiatSt 



350 PLVTARCHI 

6 fAsv yaQ 2bif09tli^vg Tfigmq, r6y Jxavxa rgaxvvS^ 
fisvov Tw Xd/WJTQavvGtv, ^■&Lxayg jovtp ilgriKBV 

Ov fiif^pofialaB* d^civ ytxQ sv, ^axiag XiyiEtg* 
ngdg iitjov dSbXiaxit^ ovx dvitig s^o^sy, «XXa na- 
aav £Qyov x&qiv r^ t^v X6ym matqia haff&ilQti 
%ai dn6Hvab. 

V. Avalag.tivi dUrjv sxovtiXdyov avyyi^ixymg 
tdmsv* 6 'de TtoXXdxtg trpayvovg, ijxs Tigog tdy jtis*' 
aiav »&vfmv xcH Xdytav, t^niv ngmov avia ditS- 
iJyn d-avfiaaihv <pavijva^ t6v Xoyov; avl&ig di nvtl 
xqhov AvaXafiPdvovTi^ 7ittvTsX(ag dfiPXvv xai unga" 
HTOv* aM Avaiag. ytXvtaag* Ti ovv, (jUmv) ovx 
«ji«5 uiXXfig Xiytiv amov inl tuv dixaaT^v^ xat 
ax&nt* T)) V Ai)al6v nu^oit- nal xdgiv, xtpttivov yfxg 

'jSybtfpttfJii ionXo^fXfitov fxotaStv tv Xorxiiv, 
%&v di TifQl Tov noi^TOV' Xfyofiiv63V eeXijOiaTen6v 
ioTiv, oTi fi^vog^OfiTjgogTijg rm dv&qbintav vnfftj^- 
qiag niqiyiyovtv; dtlviaivo^biv xaV nqogxdqiv «- 
xfmCfav' a)X ofutig. tlimvxai dvatpiav^aag ixeivo 
ntgl avTov', idy. 

— ix^Qov bi f/t96iaTiV t 

Av^ig «^tf jf ^ wg Hqr}fiiva ^v&oloytVHV , 
■iptvyfi X€H (pofieiTai' tov itptdqtvovTa nafVTt Xoyta 
xoQOV, tlgaXXa {l^^aXXW' dhiytffjiafTa TrjV dxo^vuytav, 
xottTflxittx^iriTi trjvnXfiafiW^v avv^g nixgafiv&ov^ 
fHvog. oi d* dnoxvaio vat -drinoy' td wia, Totig ra V- 
ToXoyiang b)gntQ< naXift\f>riata divrftioXvvovttg, 

Yh Tov^oroivw nqmiov hnofiifivriaxtafttv «u- 
Tovj, , oTi ,,xn&ilmtg^t6v elvo¥ r}i}ovij'g ivtxa vtal <pi* 



ts^y yaliSxQato¥ , ivio^.Hq- dfidiavwl.mxgoivkiv 
VQsnoviHV, oSjoi r&v Id^ov- tidiavotfpvw *ail (pilciv^ 
^ganiiaTOV avfi^diiaiovy , ol« jjffw^i^M Mon^ xoc 
nQoxjdq^-j anav^fji^o^n^iovah-xui ufitxrov, dU 
o*ovtmir^;[a^iil^adHH,lvnoSfvttg^.xal'aq>^ urv ^avfid^ 
Jiia^atf.xata^plwfHivo^^ xal dt w ffiitiaS^a*, dvg» 
^f(fa$v6fieyoi* iisn»Q ovv ^ t^ xmtt» tovg SfuXo^v^ 
tag aTtootQifpm xai amlaxwmv, dva^Q^itoq* ov- 
Tw^.o t^loy(^U>n£iU' xim. dmxJ^aviiuvpg, SftovaSg 
ng.nal dtfxv6s,4av$* 

YXI. Tm ftkv ovv SUMy^fm&av xa« voaiifidttiiv 
fd fiiv iat$v in4»ivdvvai td de fuaiitd, td 9i xara- 
ypXaata* Tp^d^ dd^oXsaxifj^^ndvta avfApi^f{Wi xXivd" 
iQvtatfAsv YpiQi ivtalg.noivaigMfiyi^fa*, fuaovvtai 
di did tdg t^f nmmv* hfo^y^jtXiag^ mvdvvtvova$ 
^ t(av dnoQQiifWi ftff-MQaftovvtH' odtv^^AvdxaQatg 
i^tia&t}g.nuQd 2oXi»vti .n^^KinfjipfUvog, w(p:^.ri ttjv 
jiiv dqia^ttQdv^j^iQa tolgf»6Qioigi„triv de dtlhdv T(m 
(ytofiati ngqginttfdTHifv^hx^' - iynqpnttfniQOV yd^ ([t^, 
To ;^Xivov^ Stla^^tH^tfiVf yjMftav,. OQ&63goi6favog. 
€W yfig. iv tigA^Qt&fifqffijuto ^didtg. dvf^Qag.toaov» 
tovg d^QOiiiauiv dxQaa*^'n$ntmx6itagy oaagnoXtig 
xal ^y$fiovi(»g Xdyog.i^tVfxStfk-dH^QQfitog dvaatd'* 
iovgjnoiriaei ZvXXttgJnoXi6QKt$.tdgl4&^vag., o^ 
V;^(av a^fpXrj^ ivdtatQiiffat jiQ^tfov noivv' intl-n4vog 
uXXogXmiytv,. f^nanifog^fUv ^Miav^Mi^^ov^ 
tw» di n$Ql MdQiovavSt*9-i^^J^tl'.itQ^oifvr(av' 
dUd no^sfiytiv, {m^i^ ^h ^^tHiii^* diialtyofiivotv; 



t352 PUVTAH^Hf 

Satv xar iiftiyo kiif&^uttft^ f*ipoq, dMohactvjgg- oi 
Hmfiio9tonot ngig t6y JStklenf i&i^dw, '-d 9* «v- 
0^-9^ iifvafup n^f^tafayw, ntqi lUwq vinttmi 

l^ ^dhv, Mnlfias ^^ (pdvov Hulviit^, »ots i^p 
M^QtffAitntp aifjntti ^QWJyoU - x^^^ ^ ^9^ ''O^ 
*A&9fmiovg t0X9 ^d to^ X4y0v$ ftaXlov, ^ didtd 
'%^ya: %a%wg yaq avt6p HXtyop ual ^ijp Mnikj^, 
dpojnfd&ptMg^jdtdtUzfiitalmt^tovttg, 

2v*dfupop to^ 6 J^XXag, dXtphtf Ttmaojdpop, 
• lui^tout^a noUd ^Xva^fiPteg, imandaano ttov* 
i^dfvngdyfiatog, X4yonf, ^ ^^atp6 TlkdtmP^ 
fia^fvtdttiv Jififilap. Ti}ir, 69 "^PnfiaUop n^ip ixtXvatp 
iX»fdifgav,ytpia^, Ni^mog inaX^ayHOaP , ip6g 
.dvli^6gd6oXtaxia. fiiafdg ^P p^t /«^'^i' ^f6p 
tifgapPQV dnoXuUpat, naqtOHivaafMipwp &n&ptmp* 
6 dt.fiiXUav avtiov dnoptMffi/Pttt , nogt^fifUPOg #<$ 
^iat^p, idmpupa twir 6t6tftipmP' inl Mgatg fiilU 
Xopta ngogdyta&at Nigosvt, nal ttjp atta^ ««SPfr 
wtoivQ^litvov, iyy^g nffo^k&iPavr^, m\ ngo^^ 
^ghag* Evxov {ipiaiv) i Spdgmn, inltfa^pit^ 
^gav nofiX&HV f*6pop ,aygtop di pot ivjga^mH^ 
mgii^daag^lp t6 ahix&iy iit^ogi^if&^ifiig, 

'i^nfog, o^ td hoifta^ndfv;Svitoifimf$idl^, 
^n^^^fitffat&tigaPiiSkito aift^»p^f6^ih^i(taieih 
f^i^Hftifv^ydgtfilfigiiift "r^rl^Mitl^ii 'rof *r- 
^giajtov • uaxupog tv&ifg dp^gnaato, Ttal fidintpot^' 



^f^uf^'' ^^«ry^. .9mUy*ik kix» jtia^M t^^ iytt^ 

^^ifftoydmva^ nal t^$ «a2 tov; TVf ai^oti? 0vy«iSu#- 
^MKf imtf^nvn Tat$ iXniffiv, ctfs yvvri' ^alyttgavt^ 
ntgl tbv xaldv inuvov 4fiw%%vat k^ot^^ tov Xqm-^ 
t€^9 min^tf^yiaaio did/toit ^cov t(HS ano^^^toig, 
.iQipvvifisk^ot ntaioavzBg avp^&n^av, dvauQtvofii* 
?fl; «19« MitXMiVOfiivn ip^daai tovg tti Xav&dvovtoif 
-^mipgmiv, alX' iviMagti^otv, tndkH^Qa totig 
j$Vii^a9kȣ'9iv ivdStov lavTiSy noe&6vtag, ti ma^- 
^tiiv,'^dniiaav. U^nvaloi M xf*^V^ Ttoniodfitv^t 
Mim^fmfi aYhdaoov, iv nifXaig t^g dttifondXmg «m«- 
^^^v» t^fdv^^vfioudtl tov llmv to diittntov av' 
•ticj t^^A' 4yXmaa{^'t6 aiomtfXdv tml juvot^uSi^^ 
-ii/^iv^iHns» jov^lg yd(f ovtm iid^^a^ ufiX^t ^* 
A(*6^k^noXkoiifmftn&ivttgi tou yuQ umtv no^i 
M.W^Mv, ov fMiv amnnaal yt t^ htj^iv, dXS in' 
ni^vmk Mftl dimtq^itfiHtv. od^tv ( olf4ak )tov ftiv 
Xi^i^i^^^kiSii^90^» V>^. Hioimf^v Sw^g^aimd' 
Xovg txofitv, iv ttXttctlg xal fivatngioig aMnnv M-» 
faXmffgdx4^i^fi iPi ^ti^Tisf t^v Xoytwtatf^ *GAva* 
a4f ;, <i!^^?aTi»y mnid^t, nt^ ti^ .vi^H.^h^h 

PLVI.MoE.m. z 



i«4 ^TBKUaTlllROmf 

^^t i^TQilia^4tfftiB(pik^KmiK: »*,-<>>' '■>•. /.,-. - v^v.; 

\r.v ^Wti d^ avt i* misp ir^«^'iy f/sRe>Tff«2iyi£tty .o-i 

fr«/\|(i TittyvaiiS;faiff xnf^ftdxatv ^xfli#TO$^ *to%(>U^ 

>;0|Dro9> Kac^sd ffwv/ua «ixl «)& o^Mc Timoif ^VolK «ti- 

4 ;<i3ptoo]p iauvftf* «a« x^t^Ar^d^^sq. tou^MotSmatmial^mi,"' 

,\l6»9b)l* Sto^^cdit * t6 p^a^ UKo/ueifotJ9v9(a«>]B|poinii^- 

^{o(Bi{^V9 ii»f4V Tov K{nikiano$i ^ft^na%Hniiiif »»ii.\%>- 

^^^(n»fii?, /uifdfi dc£&»'To mjwvQaxTm(tiv9a^{itH^mal 

ma^tmtvaafUvttV: ^yavov ijtl t6 v e<j^&alfitotf ^ \i(tk^ 

■^ ifiovg ia^ho^t ftSHhw, ^ (jp^aal ct TiSr. abiQ^^' 

\^v, mtBffioki» iyitqattia/s *^ nia9i(ag^tMi[Mti^- 

vVAoiW* &^iv 6 JlttTow^g o Vi moKQg, toI^ Aty^^siimv 

(kmXittfg n^y/aVrof if^^«9^:av«i|^, xofjtfrff^iswialiio^ 

To xaAjlfOToy xal to jgti^iaTov i^Bltiv Hgiag^Maifi^p 

ii^$^««ir. Ti^y 9<2cliiiT«y^i 10$; Of ;<amv.\/ic»(jK;Qtf ^om^v og/a' 

t9«jr>i^>«a»yi]fax$flf.T«i/ jUS^viiM^iiAuaaiU} iO; '.ij. ^ 

:^i>4)MK«^^, (!'> \£MQ$7tf^p^s!fnijf'iSimg^iiaiid S^yga 

''fvttgl a^^gi^ldiia».^^i^\':^ . , .a**\*i«^ JoT-ii^^L» xV 



X^vjtiii^ -j ^fiffmoy m^f^, . 4Sktt>. letlthf :}ioiidmfMv(Jty» 

Idytlyoreg qmi^4 /ktaUBvg itt9tff9g, ijffftwifJfiLvv^ fitV" 

tor Tov, ^xttou., ' ^iifixt» /iikXoimy ^i-^» J-^^^wtuf i*T 'i '» 

d^OfMte^ (sW)>|C9 fiiM'*^ .«MC mtoiogg, t^tt^my* 

yogf ovx u^a gxufrjy imatmtt ,U!t6^i^TiJoy ,i r^ ir)y 

^fymj^eith^i ditol&TTitp' sfitlUv' idiSmaKe ftsMso^y 

■'^etpTQr iy»Qvixwg tjrnv ngog ta totvtv-ict xal-TttffVhDi' 

jij^^t»g>,M€J*lXog Ss 6 yigfap tug6?v tiJotomoigto-^ 

^tkftty^giinl aT^atiiiMg' Mi (^ijtfiy) ifirivttm x^d^ 

ra fioi avptidivtti tovto t6 anoqi^riTov, ttTtoihfOiiftt' 

rog av^^apiivinl nv^ ^&r^na. JLvfiivt}g d^ dMt)vaag 

d^;iva&aftf'KgaUQ6v^ ovdsvl To,y <fi?.otiv tg^^jnv, 

^£\ itfttwaaro Ntoni^Xtfiioiv iJvaf xoi/zov yagoi 

iffrgtxruitca^^tajnttpg^yovv, ixtlvov Ji xal tfpf ddBav 

>i^a4tf»^om^-it0il v^v. d^^v ^ydntav ' tyvta d* ovdHg 

ilio^, ^Sdd eivftpak6yjeg ittgdjf^aay, nal djtiaiutyay 

• ^aiu^ihdyvoovyttgitttM vtttgot^ iniyvtjaav. ovj^tg i^a^ 

jH^y%a^VK9i dmjirf jov dywva^ nal jiiktxovToy fsy«o- 

i^vttwttflf 4nixfVtfitr' £gu zovg tfikovg avtov fiij 

' i^tn7t6yjct^^ &avfifiStiv fNikkov, ^ fiifttpea^ai' ttav 

^'.ffifttp^j^ ^'Ttg,,iy»alilada» fiikxi6v iajt, amdirxa 

jiildatajidyi^ ^ujtiyof^ly dnokkvfAirov d/a jom" 

^id^.V0a<«: o ... . .' 

. . V as;< ^A ^^^idi ' okmg iaVJfi» ^Tta^gfiaiav dnokbkotm 

xajd xov fiff>m,bmifa«vjoQi ti ydg dyyoua9atx6y 

n^fqy 1iAUi''^Mattblgxilix&9i nQog aXkov ^ti 3* dtptlg 

in aeavjov naji;^etg iv kji^ fd4i?id^jjT(ir^'l|^«A- 

. lotgifiK^^n^ty^naTai^i^ivyngi ttfy ojtaltfo&vn^ifttm 

..msiiibaKmiriiiOfkfQi^o^tot^ aot yivi^ifii imaitog 



B56 PLVTARCHI 

SndXciXtig * &v 8i PiXxiw, adi^fj ntXQald)^, ht(f^ 
t^i^ vitsQ awvtoZ marduQor. dXXd"<pllo$ ovtog 
ifiol. TOiTTM di hBQ6g ttg, & ntattian ital ovtog, 
ifg iy^ rovtcf* \a,nBiPog (SiXXia naXtv tlta ovmg 
imyoy^v Xan^dvu. xa« noXkanXaaiaafiov, UQopimig 
^g dxQaaiag, 6 X6yog, itg yuQ i\ fiovdg ovx i*/falm 
vH tdv lavxrig oqov, dXX^ ana^ x6 ^v fiivn, di6 *#- 
MXvjxatfiovdg* ^ ds dvdg aQxij dtatpoQng d^Qtaxog* 
(t{^&{fg ynQ lavx^v il^laxriat, xoi dinXaataafi^ tig r6 
^^&og xQenOfiivij) ovxot X6yog iv tdi nQwxot wta*- 
uivtay, dn6Q^xog &g uXtj9^ iaxtv av 6* tlg ftt- 
Qovixfitj, qiTjfifig eaye Xil$iv, tntaytxQ nxtQdtma 
'tptjalv 6 nottitrig' ourf yuQ nxrjvov i% xQv x^i^SSi^ 
uipifxa Qn6t6v iaxiv al&ig rtataaxnv , bvrtldytfv 
in toD ax6fjtaxog nQoifi6vo>, itQaxijaat naii avXXtt^r£v 
(ivvaxov, dXXd (piQtxat 

-^ XanpTiQu KvxXtaaag nxsQa, 
dt iSXXtov inl aXXovg ajttdvdfjievog, vedtg fiiv ydQ «^ 
naytlarig hn6 nvtiffiaxog iniXafi^dvorrat , arhigatg 
jr«» dyxhQatg x6 tuxog dfi^Xlvovxtg- tovX^yov 9r, 
Agiit^ iit Xtfiivtiv iitdQafi6vxog , o^h wnv oQfiog, 
0^6' dy9tvQofi6Uov , dXXd ^<^6i noXXxf ittA ^ifif^i^ 
f6fftvog,,ixQoaiQQriU »al itaxidva^v ttg ftiyitp iud 
^tn^ xiva, x6v tp^By^dfisvov , nivSwov, 

'MutQO^ ynQ ix lafisrx^Qog ^llhtiov X^a^ - ■ 

n^aHtv av TK* ««< nQog at9Q tinw^ tvm, - 

ilfi^oof* av daxol ndvxeg — . 
*L 7i 'Ftofiaiav ovyHXxfXog dnd^^tit^v tmr 
(iovXti^ iflhvXsi>tto ka^ ^l^tfi^ ^inifnoXldg^^i^r 



DE GARHrVLlTATE. 3^^^ 

T<r> kfnvi^ dvdQl^ h,naQfag diofiivfi npOig^xJ^ t^iin 
Tfi^QQJiTQv' OQXQi di ml KtatdQak ntQl aufini^ ^yi^ 
f^VTQ, ^al ddn(^a noivipifiiv^g aving, &S>^nM. 
OV^ iXQioi^S' Q ^c If^alog iffXiyJlai PoplAfiftf^ 
a^jiijs ir^v d^fhfHQiav JViiLag, & yvvai\ ifimift) 
d}X. viftQVt <pQfi(Q6v nQayfid xal TiQdaziov ' nQftgiy^ 
/^T<x» ydQ,r\ii^v vn6 jtuvUQioiv, HdQvdpV: i^^M 
nfvifuvQV, XQdvQg txQvra XQVOQvv xal ^qv i^(^ 
miifie&a ^jj td xdQog, <fT«;if^^aTdy.elTfi gieif^ilcfj^.^Hii 
i^^vy.^(^fa^QQQV.fiiv tolg fidvjfaiv: dXXd amna^ 
xpSlftf.f^^f^f iox^to (tg T^y dyOQav r^ di tuv ^ffQi^ 
nff^mfi^v lUav tvd^vg iq^sXxvaafjiivij tj)y nQmijv «4;^ 
fh^aav, . Bnau to aijjdqg avfSjg, nal xng iqpx**^ 
ianaQantv OifAOi {Xiyovaa) wv dvd^og nal jii^. 
naTQldog' il miaofif&a.} fiqvlofiivfj xal Oi^Qxov- 
a/m Tiy OtQdnaivav ilniiv* Tl ynQ Yiyoviv ; «« d* 
OHlfin^i^Qfiivfig difjyiiaaTQ, xal nQoai&rtXf. roy xoi^ 
v^H dndffrig ddoXfaxlag int^dov, 76, 7'avTa f4%.df»i 
<flQdQfig, jdXkd anana* qv qtddvfi t6 ^fQanaiviikQv 
djfOX^^^^ i*itni> xjol TO)y of^odovXiav tvi^vgi}V. 
f4dXtaM.afldt axQXdSQvaaVff^ffdXkH i6v X6yov..* dxu^ 
yri di tco iQa^tji nuQay^vofAivf^ nQqg avx^fi , «^f «» 
atv, ovjtfii i\ dg . dyoQdv .TQV di^yriftaTOii. ia^Xt- ) 
ai^ivTQg, iSfff» nQOi^Qjttfiuv 9^ n^aadfAivofv tjni\q>ri* 
firiv, dnavtriaag tig ai^^^mv .ymQffiotff' 'AQtiag, 
(l&W»' y 99X»pfk' m: diiOQ^if x« JiJi/fflW^eitf ; U^ioig^ 
•V)9 imv^ ^ .9^ix(Sin yoiiHvK dxrinoagf T^yomyd^ 



33^' 'i»LVtiW6tfi'" 




47 j^xX^Tp,)' sjfHifol So^ovTtg, xaxitvog ytXapag' JEv 
ro^ ^d;fpy^t {(iljttv) ut yhvai\ t6 lidX tf^&aam^ jii tov 
My^v f itf iyoffdv n^oiivta. Top^ juv ovv^ajf^^viae 
iv^i;;^^wy dnTikXa^ Trjg Ta^axvi' '''i^ bk yyvoum t(- 
M^gpf^M^Vog, &$ oiAade iloijl&BV * ^AnbiUadg (is^CbV- 
nsp^ P yyvai' t6 yd^ dnoqqriTOV ix t^^ ^M^S oixulf 
n8(pdiiQaTai dBlh}(ioaio}(iivov * Sgu fioi ^tvxTeov ich 
TJr naTfjiHa did Tr)y arjv dxgaaiav» TQtuoMVKq ol 
Vfgog aQvr^aiv ovt^;, xal Xsyovarjg* Ov ydi TauTa 
fifTd TQ^axoaltav tixovaagf Iloioiv (ei^i}') '^taxo* 
OMvy/ aov fiiaiouivrig, inXaadwnv dnont^)(ouiit6L 
ovTOg iuv ovv aa(paX»ag navv xai, ubt ivXaattai. 
wgntQitg ayyuov aa9qov, ovxoivoy, ovx Uaiov^ 
dXi! v$(aQ iyxiag, indgaae t^v yvvalxa, CtovA^oe 
di, 6 Kaiaagog kTulQog tov ^s^aaTov, ^yiQOVTqs 
idfi yv/ovoxog, dxovaag odvoouivov Tnv mgi tov 
oiyor iQff^Hiav , xat oti, T(av fuv oveiv -avyaTQioiav 
fjtitov dnoX(aX6Tiov, Jloatov^iov ds, og bU Xoinoc 
ia^Vfix diafioXfjg Tivog iv ipvy^ ovTog^dvayxixiBTai 
rifV j^g yyvaixog yt^v inUadyftv Tfi diaioxfi t^^ 
r^^^oyiag^ xaintQ olxTti^m nai^ fiov)^vofi^6g.Ytt 



^ff,^i;ffQ^ KaiaaQqg, tlndXakTavtd iyytaxjag^ ov 
^tn^ntuntTat Tby &vydTQi5ovv, d}X ti^ tz^^oaj^ kiu 
noAtfiov 4»vtnv Tto Otaooxf» ttig ag;(r^g xadiaTiiaiv. 



iXd^fnog ovv ^&iv (miuw&H) jpv 0ov\piov nqoq 
'aviop , Xttt ttndyTOs • XvUQt , ' 'italdd^^f ^ylSSt^^^ 
C*Jjib) ^iovldu, KaKitvog voriadg, ojx^ti fi^S^SIf^^ 
w ofxodf, xofr T^¥ yvvalxa fitianfiiiffdfiii^Si^ *^^ 
yvMttt{tfpi) Kataag, oti to in6^ritov o^ii i^ifi^^ 
tfa* xal dia rotfto fiiHta avaiQiiv[ ifiavt^^^ ^ii'w 
ypvrf • Jixttliiig, ( iiTitv ) Su fioi toaottov oihMXli^ 
^Mvov, ,ovx .iyvfog , ovd^ iqtvXaSto t^v dxQi^i^^^ 
Sii^ laaov ifis ngotiQav, xa\ Xa^ovaa t6 H^o^ 
$avirjv TtQoavilXB tod dvdgdg. ^ '. a55.' 

' Xir, 'Oi^dag ovi' ^iitJinidrig S xafia^onoidgi 
qiiXowQOvpVfiivov toy Paaditog uvxov jivatpdjibif 
(nQog^lavtdv) xal Xiyovtog • Tivog aoi fiitddbi tiSy 
ifuav^ '^v ^ovXii, (jq>t)al) PaatXiXi, nX^v tQv dno^ 
i^ioivj T^ d* ddoXiaxia xctl ^ nfQUQyia^ xhiitdi^ddii 
p.a^Ttov\Q6giaifnoXXn yuQ dxovitv ^iXovdii^^XvA 
ho)jM Xsynv ixmi* xal udXiata totg djteo^fitoit 
Mou xixgvpfiivovgtwv l6ytavnfQu6vti$iBtx^i{fovat 
xa^ dviQiif^iiat>v, uidniQ vXiiv naXauiy iiva (pOQtitiit 
T^ (ptvaQia ndQfxtiStifnvot, ilta wantQ oVndld^i' 
iov xjQvatttXXov ovis xatsxitv, ovts d^stvai •^Uoif^ 
oi* 'fiuX)iOv &s wamQ 'tQnita iovg d7ioQQiiit&Vi^^&-> 
i^vgyyxoXmdtl^syoi xal avXXcipovtfg, o^ a^^i^^ 
thvatv, uXXd dia^ipguaxo^Tai In^ aviiovi '^ixi^-j^y 
yno pitoittg^^^dtoi grjyvvifd^nt iixioWoi^) WV^rA{ 
izkvag*' m 0* «jiSoJijjTo* XSvot tovg^jif^di^yoMi 
fxnhiiovtig SnoiXi&iiai xaVd^ip^iigd^u-^mkif^ 
x^g S^KfiiXfvtxoi; iv "i0 noog Ilitdibi^ /^^«^ . 
S^ojfd^UiytZ 'aigdtivuamiiii^il^^ttiHfl^ 



560 PLVTARCHI 

nt^mdMs v^ did^fffAiii tdtl ipDyar tnvtM jiita r^wf 
^tfetr^iS^eity «poSiut$ huI ftliimCg noldlf ^q6p^ov,f^ 
&t Msimp anayogtvw, inavXit^ Jtvl nqoarjX^t, ttal 
r&it dtandtiir ttdrdp tifQ^y xaTa Jifxtiv , ^'(fiov^wtl 
Sdolp fjriimVi S 9i xori Ttti^Ta ' xal tQv. SkJnav ocra 
7^^ ip t^ «yQ$9 dayfiXia$ imdidoig xa* <piXo(p^ 
pofSfttKog, iyvtiQiat t6 ng6a<amv toD paoiUt&g ' «Ittl 
nfigtxaQ^ yiv^iuvog tjj <tviftv^a t^g XQBiag, 66 xb^- 
tiffj^, ovda awtyfsifaato ^ovkoftivo^ Xavddvtiv, 
ttXJl' SxQi tijg 6dov nQonifiyfag, xal dnoXv^fisvog' 
^T/laivt, {ilntv) <u Paaiktv ZiXtvnt, x^ntivog iiitti^ 
vag t^v di^dv avtf ual nQoatXit6fiivog mg qfiX^aw,' 
bViVasv kvl t&v fttt a^to^, {/^ec tdv tQaxriXovino^ 
x6iffa^ tov dv&Qmnov 

0dtyyofiivov 6* Sga tov yt x«c^ xpvitioiv ifii^' 

thS* iaiyriat t6tt, ntaQttQriaag ollyov XQ^^ov, tvt^ 
X^ifvtog vattQOV toif (iaaiXicH ual fitydXov ytvo^ 
ftivov , ftdiovag dv (oTfiM) xdQffog BMOfiiaato dvii 
tif^ ai(anijgy t} trjg (piXo^tviag. ovtog fiiv ovv «^cMr- 
yinmg taxt nQ6(paatv trtg dxQaatag , t^v iXnida xo* 
Ti}y fftXoqiQoavvriv. 

' X£iL Ol di nXttatoi t&v dMiaxw ovd* aU 
tktv tj^ovug, dnOXkvovatv avtovg, otov, iv xov^tit^ 
te^l' X6y<aif ytvofiivm ntQi t^ Jiovvaiov ivQavfi-^ 
6^^, wg d^afiavtivfi xai aQQiixt6g iaii, ytldcag^i^ 
n&olfi^&g' ^dtra {^^af$' (IfM?) ntQi Jiovvaiov Xiytiv, 
oft^^i^^^TiaQ' rifxiQti^ oXi/ag inl toif tQaxriXov t5 Jv- 
Q^^Sl^^ tav^ dxb^^ 6 jiftofvaioi SvtatavQWfth' 



DE;GA«ttViJTATE. ^| 

^VTcfy. Jmnx&g Si XdXov. itn^tb ,raii<- m^v^v ;^«r 
vog^ ol ynQ adoXeaxoiarpA nQpgj^ictvat srqf.^^^^Ti 

^ot/ Hovfiifag mgtffaXdyTog avt([} x6 tjfniXifVOf^ jj^^lis 
tsv&ofiivov' Uojg cre xilQm, ^aaiXsv; ^uauiVf.tit^^ 
MoVQivg^i xal r^v iv ^ixtXux jSiv^AdTivaim ^ji"!^-' 
Xriv naxonQa^lav dniyyitXs, ni^qg iv Il({^tfi- 
nv^6fJiBvog oixiiov Tiv6g t&v dnodtdQaKdim iff^tir- 
^tv, ttT dffttg t6 iQyaatriQiov , elg darv avi(iTHV9^ 

Mri ttg xvdog agoiTo, . 

t6v X6yov ilg T>)r n6Xiv ifiPaXwv, 

6 de dBvxBQog sX&ot, . 

yjBvofiivrjg di taQax)jg, ^ iinoe, ttg iyxXrjaiav d^QOi" 
a&Btg 6 dij(iog, int TJy dgx^^ i^ddiif Jtjg (jprjfirfg, 
^y^jo ovv 6 xoVQsvg xal dvtxQtvno , fii}Si tov^o/ici . 
tov ipQaaavtog si8ug, dXi^ fig dmvviiov xal dyvio' 
0TO,y dvafi^ifiafv %i^v dQxiiV ngdamtov. OQyrj ds xal . 
fio^ tqy ^tdxQpv Baadviie xai aiQifiXov tdvdXd'^ 
0tOQa* TtinXaatat tavta xal avvtidiHtaf tig i^ 
aXXog ^ovoB ) tig d* iniattvaev ; ixofiia&^ tQQ^6g, , 
xawm&ii 6 Sv^^mTfog, iv tovt^ naQ^aavoiftijv 
ifVfi^Qdv dTiayyiXXoviff , c| avtov tov iQyov ^4a- . 
n^^evy6t$g, iaxtSdadr^aav. ovv ndvttg inl td oi' 
%fia Tfivf^fj, x($taXtn6vttg iv tt} xqox^ jdy SpXtoVK 
ivdfdtidvov^ 6^^ di Xvdttg fjdti n^dg hniQaVf.ri^uf;^ 
ta t^ d^fi4ofov, ** tfol n^Q^ jy<x/o|;- tov qtQj^jifi,^, 
yoi^ »¥ tq^inif dn6Xm^ 9 dxrix6a(fti^» o.fTois^^^li^,, 



362 PLVTARCIII 

Xov Tt xc(}(6v *ai uvov&hfjtoy ij arv^^tiflr 7roi«7TJi^ 

udbXiiii)fikv.-' '" ' ' ' ' ' '^ ' 

^l^iri^yt' niSvtiC dvuxt^ifotrd^ xal "iSg xi^XWtiJ 
6^tiis'oli& xtfxii ng6ttayyi]i,lovi^g, i7t& teSr ^^ii* 
di^feiy i5i?(7;^«9tt/>oyttt* xai /«ao^ytoft. o&iv x^^¥^ 
t^i 8'^o<poiiiXijg dtTind^xsv' '■ * /' jo^, 
'*JSP idloip &dlv, ri *nl jfj tpvxjj, ddiivfj,*^ '■'' '^'^^ 
" Ti^Sotl; ^v&fil&tg Tijv ijiiiv Xhnijv, Snii;' ' -'^ 
''^0 di^iav a nvin iag qiQivoig, td d* tai if^i ^••>' 
HifnoWi d' olv, mnfQ ol dQwvtrg, italvlUy^rd^ 
M)^' Sfnog ovk itrn yXwaafjg qiolatjg inhxi^ifig^yidfjk 
9ioXdi\jfi6g. iv Aaxtdaifjiovi t^^ XaXmotnhv tS^U^i^ 
c!5^^# eiovXTifiii^ov, nal xufjiivii tvdov xey^ M/iy^^i** 
lii' 6vv dnogia nolXuv avvl^sdQafifjxdttiai'' jicrf^^jf^f . 
i&faai^6vt(ov JEipovUia9i, {ilHtv) i^a-^pj^ii^ 
b^lf^, S fi6i na^ldtaiai niql irig Xdy^Myyojit^ 
y^^, ^{^(pfi) tavg tB^oaiXdifg inl' tiiXinalftW iX&iU 
i^vdvpov; itiav$u>l^ ifimdvtiig, xaf tio^Uiovibt^-iih^^ 
tVfjt, il jtiv avTotg Xadilv ijryhoiko, iG dxQditAM' 
&ivii tfjSiaavtBgxal dtaXiaavtt^'^ <fii(0iltby, ^i^ 
9tii&bkv daqfaXStg* tt d^ aXlifkaivifS , ^^"6 iSir ^i^^ 
ij^mif -= %h6 tb t) q)apji&HOV (iff^ ' i(a^ 'di^S^Mi^ 
dno&dvottv. tavt nn6vtog avto^^^W^^^j^Silb'* 
W^ r^dv xal ne^tV^ridtviaijait^V^-^bd^^^vnbi^ovv' 
iQg*;''dXX^tifr6T&giq^ii^to*-m''^'^^^^^ 

'd)^&c^yoti>^mhii6&y to?" *«v#iv Wi^W^s^if' 

'M*S jfitl nWt^ ini&tiiatiV TrfCnii' rf&^Vd *%¥^ 
^"i^y^ii^^ oiJtiagy^AoXdmW^i^ stv^^itsi^^^ih. 



DE GARRVLITATE, ^63 

";; ^"■- " ^iiura ' • V' "V''"'- ■" *' '^^'^ *»'/?^' 

<^f(^Hnay, S^a yilmi ngds uXXnXovg v/t^i-^^^^^^ 
9»s^^yj^vxon Ixdixoi nuQuaiv, dxovaafje^ ycf^i^f^ 
xq^iidfiiyot nXrialoP , ^^ij noXvv xq^^vop jpv'^li-^^ 
»ov opjog ucpavoifg xal Snwvfiivov, intXa^orto tjJ^ 
qxop^g, xalngoariyyHXav Tojg uQxovaiVf iXtj^x^^' 
jtg di ovjtog, dnrix&tiaav, ovx VJii twi' yiQffonf 
icoXaa&ivttg, aU,* vno j^g aviMj/ yXtoaaaXyioi , ^V- 
Tif^fgpfvifog fi notv^g, fiiaa^ivJig i^yoQavaai joij, 
^npy-^ ig yuQ iv t^ adi/iaji ngdg ja ntnor^\($^ 
^iQri na\ dXyavna yivtjai q>0Qd xa^dXxrj jwv ji^ii-; 
ctoy^ ovm^ t^ yXunja ToJy ddoXiaxcov, dil fplty/AOvr^f 
t^ovaa aai is<fvyfii6v,fbttt ji xal avvdyfi^Jmv fxnoQir 
Qiit^iy xal xayQV}i(iiv(ov i(p lavtr\v. dih ^tl T^^ff^f 
XP^i» ^«t Tyr loyiajibv, &g ngd/ioXov, i^nodav.i^ti 
%^ yXtoiJ^ xdpnov, imaxitv t6 Qiv(ia xof», j6v q^^-^ 
o^or nvjii^- 'tya fi^ juv ^c^vcjv dipQOviattQOi ^^v,^ 
(!fp3itrr^uf>',ot4; fptiijiv, otav vmQ^dXXmiv ix KiXixlm; 
juv TtAVQov dtjuiv Qita fiiajov,, tlg to aT({/4a jl^Kf^ 
^qtJfftf fvfiiytdji Xidov, &aniQ xXtWgov. UX^^f^ 
ift^t^ovjtjtg jtj (^OH'//, nal vvxt^g ovj^ p^tgiq^((^ 

_^ XV. Ll jottvv, tQOitS Jig jop ^dxi(ijg^^o({%^ 
^tf-^l ^al juv i^iiiUajifiiJOv , opdtlg dvJiX;Xo9^t},'jtojLj^^i^ 
fojf nQnduiJiV ntJtQf}f^(bvy^v^vxQdjrig^jfitiff.^}i^y^qfr 
ftJiir c^hloii' Tol^J^, Maxtdovm^^i^^^^ ,^g ^ij^ 

ndgvotg xa\ lyS^t": riyoQaXtv Ev(f6gP(o di xa\ *i- 



364 PLVTARCHI 

Wttniv. 6 d' eid6Xfa}wg Sftiadog iaxi nqaH&nig, ua% 
ai^tTtdyytlTog , ov;i'innovg, ovdi Ulxvi ngoSifh^, 
SXlot Xoyovg ixq>iQ(ov anoQQrixdvg , iv dimxtg, iv gd-* 
(ftcftv, iv dtanoXnHfxig, fitidivdg avrta jifa^iy tlzowogi^ 
ufkifav avrdg ditovfjtai, nQoao(pHltav xdqty, «SflrTt 
ih"lsXty/iivov nQdg tov Hycij xal dnQlrwg iitxiovrat 
id lavtot ital naTaxaQi^dfisvov ' 

Ov (piXdv^Qtanog ah y iaa*, sxitg v6aov, 

XalQttg didovg, — 
ivaQfJiSTTti xal ngdg t6v (fXvaQdv * Oi ^llog si ah 
iavTa fAtivvm , ovS ivvovg* tx^tiivdaov, z^h^^ 
Xallav xa\ (pXvaQwv. 

XVI. TavTa 8* ov fmTfjyogiav ^yriTiov, «I5U* 
iaTQslttv Tr,g ddoXtaxloig' iwy yaQ notdStr kQtffn 
xal danriati nsQiytvdfit&a, nQ^TtQOV di ^ xj^i&i^ 
faTiv, ov9tlg yaQ idi^trai tptifyttv xal dnotQtfh- 
a&at T?^^ ^vx^^* ° M ^vaxtQoiivti. IhaxtQalvoitu^ 
9b rd nd&ij, oxav Tag pXdfiag »a\ Tag aiax&vdg rdg 
«71* avT&v Toj Xdyto xatavorjawfitv, &fntQ vZv irtii- 
ittvoovfttv inl Tbiv ddoXiaxan', Sxi qitXiia&tti ^&vXi^'- 
fttvot, maovvTttt • x"QiS^o&ai &iXovtsg, ivoxtoXfat < 
&aV(idSta&ai doxovvTtg, xaTaytXtavTai'^ xtp9ttiv€^ 
tig ovdiv, dvaXiaxovaw dlitxoXfat toh^ <fiiov\, 
l^tX(rtiat ^oiig i^&Qovg, kavTodg dnoXXitivatv^*'iti^ 
"tB^tO nQiwTOV tttfia xal q>dQftax6f hjTvrct nd&otg^. 
6 tSv aft orvTov ytvofdvm alaxQd^ xtt) '^t^^iSl^ 
tttXoytaptdg. » ; o^t- 

*' X¥II, Jhfii^<k> Sk x^xiov^^tkoyiafujl^i^i&P 



BE j&:4Anvi.rmTE. ^^ 

^iQa ^omng^Ta t^$Jjffftv&it)t^J/mfiia,xal ti gser 
fAv^v.uai, 'j6 SyiovHal 16 ,fiV4fjiiQmd$g i^g ouayf^j^ 
lail Stt ^avfi^ovTat f^SlXov nal ayanmvtat ««dovtr 
i^u^h daviovoi fwv i^vioiv ravmv nul ^ffof/j^" 
Vfiv, ol ffifpyyifko^ jca« fiQaxvkoyoi, ^alojvnot^^ 
VAV^ itf oUyji Ufyt.avvioTaUai. moii y^Q Mhkn^ 
tovg lotovTovg inami, dsivolg dxovtitnalg ioiviva* 
Xiymv, ovka x«» itvxvd xal ovvtojqafnfnipa q^&sjtyo-' 
uivovg. xa» 6 ^vxovgyog tlg tavtfjy '^rtv Suvdjijja 
tpvg noUtag- iv&vg ix ncUduv tfi oiian^ ntiH^, 
qnv^y» nal xa-unvxvov» ftad-dnsQ ynQ ol Ktlzi^ri^ 
Qsg i% %ov OiiiiiQov^T^ ojdfitofia nota^aiv, oiaiMW» 
Tf^^avug tig i^v y^v %6 noXv ttal tf^ ytiadig.dnp' 
tf^^ifQmtf , ovmg 6 ^aitmftxdg Xdyog oiot sxft 
q^ptpv, ttAA' tig avt^ t6 dQaatijjgtov wfaiQios* tov 
m^trov dtm6fisvoi atofMovtat * to ^q uno^^t^ 
ji:ftfictiii6i( avtoig Tof/Ta, n^l t6 fjtit tvoTQO^pkig ofu 
9!9e^? tdSydnmvviiOHSf ix*t^gnoXXiig mQtyivstato»nf 
injg» ital, 4<I td ToialfTa^ fidXifna .totg idoXiaxotg 
^^i^PikXXmi oai}y x^^Qiv ex^ nal dvvafttv * Jiii6v igt 
t6 • f^^ai^dmfidMiQt <iitXin7tm*,^iovvotogdv.KoQiif'\ 
S:^, jati.nnXtv yQdiffa»tog aitotg ''ov f>^^9ffsm* 
^^^T^i^uf-.tiit iAaxm^^f^^ ivwstd^p^i^ vfu^ 
vfHtilifjfa,\ ivttyQ^ifim * i^tka.. JtifffjtQimf (H <t^i 

'nkdysig onQfa^tvtfig* "^va (tlnt) notijl^an V^?^ 
M4lii>t^t^Jii^ahiiii»t :^XatifV'oi^SQ»jl^Xf!^^^ nal 



j^»)/iuffaa^?jg t5^ A<$e«K t^ tv^yjeov .«4 14 ^{,^i%i|y 

j /J^oyf«* a^ v^^Aaior . rovy xrsfA^va^^.. , ix vi^^^ iii 6 

^^ios qv <piio.avfTOfi6s ear* xetl fiQttzvi^y^ ^ ^pS? 

Zff^oiAQi$; %a\ Ao^of; Kttlhitii, 5uktj^,<^^ymt\%i9 

^ix&iff o^cv 9^9?» « ^^*.* g)^foyT€^.ojM( eiiq^fw^- 
. fa^ »a* i5«vj(ial|oyTa« duHpi^irteK) «s j^axiUfliiK, 
(xSiOvyTttK a^r6y. twv Tiohxiav yvufitjv Tira^fi^^ 
;](i^» oiiofolag, dpafidg inl to /9^;««, seoU litpijw j^- 
IQov ^iXutd, xal j&v ui^itw im^^in/i,, ^wi,^ 
^lriX^vi ttiviiaag, iKTUMV djrifkt^iV' ivht^tvoig mi' 
/foii, on t6 To»^ tyxovaiv dffKua&oti,^ Mal.f^ii,.ifk^ 
a&ai tup noXvttXw, iv hq^v^ koI dfiovoi^.^tji' 
Qti td^ ndXeig, \2ieiXovQoi d& xataUnmV' oydojptovta 
naidag, 6 SitvdSiV flaaiXevg, S^^ae Mafii^v d^fiffi^j 
ou dTtedvtiaKB, nal Xafidvtag ixiXfvas xat^t^^flw^i 
ual xatsd^ai avvdsdefiivtiv xa» dd^gdav * uf ,$.' #»- 
niiitov, avtog llhtm tv xa^ tv, mkyta jffjfdif^^Sd' 
nXaai' ffiv av/Mpuviav dvtuv xai tqv ofiiivQiaP 
layilQdv djto<paiv(av ^al&vaMa^aiQ^s.to», da^srjs .Os 
tjiy didi,v(ny fiai ov i/idvtjAov» > ^j.,», 

„ , 3Cyiii« ■£* < H »'^«5 >?* ^lta^ x?« xoia vta . fVf^ug 
n^^sfnof ^al dvaXaf*ffdv.o^^navfimr\ m Im^ n64t^*' 
vogtf^if^aQUv, 4fts di ^^mjffp^,^ qimmfA^ii/fii^ 



rte GAltRVtrfATE. ■- jll; 

fiMii, y^ftoif iatly iv^fjt&iffitvdf. ' J7b<&rXViV/>&- 

fotg o^xiiit\^ ngog rd i(}<aj»fitva XitXHV, lidLYfi^tiy 
wthio^. elvtt JKXtadtoy a^xorra diiiwaaa&ai )9ot4tS- 
^^^, itdUvtrs xXff^raii' nai nagtaxivdaaTo' XHi^^'' 
m^nv (&^ ilnhg) iarlaaw ivardaijg di ttjg o^Qag,-'^i 
ffiil' aXlot na^aav, 6 dk KXwBiog ngogtl^oxato * it&l 
^noXMiugmtfnpBtdv fico^dTix KaXstv oixsTfjv, ^^d- 
^>6t^ifoi^, tl nQdatiatv ^ d* fjv laniqa, naViani- 
yvmtil' Tldi; {tiptj ngdg tdv oixitTjv) iHaXsaag 
Mvtif^S^Bfiayt, iinf. Jukti ovv ovx acplxtai ; yta- 
'iftSp^;* "Oti tjqviiaa-ib. Jl&g ovv ovx sv^vgVq^Qct" 
0itg,^ '^On ttvtd fit ovH rjQditrjaag. ovtug (jtiv 'Pia- 
piiXitdg ohtitrig, 6 d' 'Attixdc igsi tco dtandtfj aitd" 
j»f6>K/ ' ifj^ oig ytydvaatv ai diaXiang» ot to^ }iiyu 
'kQd^iidi^a 6 i&ia(t6g iatt' xal ntgi toltov / ijdfi 
Ufti/fim 

.:' • •'XIX, Oiydq iattv &g ;faAiy5v iffayfafiivovg, 
inUsX^^^^^vidokiaxn^ 9 dl^ t&ti dtX xgatijaai tov 
« vtfd^ftato^. nqwtov fiiv ow iv iaig t&v niXag igttu 
.f>fiatat'aavt of^^&tj^t atcmav, fii^Q^g ov ndvitg «»«♦- 
ftiiiftttt tijv dn6itQtatv. 

'=^03 ydg t$ fiovX^g tavtd ftal dgdfiov tiXogy 
Jig^^ffdiV 6 ^oq>QitX^g, ovSi yt (ptavijgxai dnoi^im 
attag' dli^ ixtl fiiv fj vUti tov <p&daavt6^ ia^ip, 
ivt^^a Si', -idv fiiv UttvSig ittgog dnaxQlvfjtai, 
^aX^ ^' ififvt^titipiattrtbt xal avvtTnipfjtplaMa, 
di^vivftMnrgdv&^bbXdlhiv' idvdijiitSia 
9HtPmd9iitl6S ^toftfk^bv, Xdl dvanXijg&adiW iX- 



9«g /PliVtHftl&CHl: 

«lAurf A6^ oifli) it^tAufifimpttfUf¥ ^m^Mrom^ Tijy 
tVii^M^tt' «rov f^ff fitq» <»ud' oiliU vc mmIm^ ^i» 
iiNri«> mv^&hnoq iti^v , nm^finrufrivavg MhmPy 
aim^ iTEStyyHlM&in' -ddJfftfuv yoQ Sftm 3ial«t6» 
t^f^m^na^vX^^Jv,,^ mUUmt^fAri.dwdfumMr,-n^mlii^ 
isfis ^iaJTw» ^a^* wtdimainu Xmftur, 6i» int^ 
fmmoVf pyudiiSifw * /uflUiMa Ik vfi^tv <fi^^n$^ tAi 
^tmnifiaiig n tQutvtti n^wfcf ci« xa» 49<ip«iydfif^frvy<- 
^fl/ipmivn yuq 6 ^Mvw iv. i^ itnonifivma&m ^hv 

u^^v naf6v%og, mql toiftwf ovSiwm dt% HiXa^iifm^ 
«^«.rKOtfoi noXXeuu^ woig dqmtiifuv, ovfoS' JUtytfv 
d^ifiBvai, q>m^9 di twm nml q>do^^ifvff9^ixttmloih' 
fmok •nmif avt&v, ««• n^ayaynv ^ig SfuXiav ^#^- 
XQ9t»9, mg ^mQdtr^g Oiaitfitov uml Xa^fhfp. S^ 
fmov ovvt^ t6v vqt itigov ftovX6fitvow ^ptktf&fvmi, 
nfo§i^afiiiyta ijfiXHV avtiv, ^ x^v kti^ n^^fM* 
nontp, futaotqHpuv ufkavt^v, t6 n^Xt^ifi^vtti^ 
.twfrAitx^wreig, mal td itm faxtmytiV, miXifijv M« 
vo$av SXnuv, ital dnoatgiipuv n^fkmvtih* tm^, 
xav mff$i^tm ii6v^ X6yov 6 ait^&%lg, immxipvaifma^ 
i#it%l#, Mn»-»^; toP^vXiifitvov mv ifottikv94fir i^ 
iKWMi#rto» «g <»* uXSjmtv mlkot^imt^ tiiriiTtifit^mv, 
m J Hf i b i m f ««a«' nmffMug mmav^t^r, nal ydp' o» ftiv 
iffunri^ivtis, dv ofpaX&atvJv tm ikmw^vum^aiy 
^fvyyi^dmt^-^^^f^itgf^mfygdmvmiV' 6 i^' mif$vf^iifmg 
I W^ i99oliqBi/U»mv ^ Xijmv, wt^^^fiik 



iu^offxo^ ]^tm nai AMVBtyikmat^ " '^ 

inw^lous iartp^ als oix ^mqjm dn n^f^i^^v^P 
iiMwxop' n^iow ftiy , . &« /ii} Xa^^tojif inl fi^ 
Imt xal .vSQun^HttXov/drotg 4g X6yovg avtii^ dt^ 
ao»Q^96iapog fittd anovdl^g. moa ya^ ov^i» 4*^ 
jiHilfffOk» .. imf^^ . di .Mttl- Jtaidiug tviUiat avMm^g 
%k»ag iqmi^tgt nQoofidlXovat. tolg roioiftoif, nti 
iifantppvatn>avtote t^if Xijgop^ o d%l <f(vXdttw^a$tp 
Mtdi /11} taxv t^ X6y^u f^^* wantQ x^9^^ ^ot^Mff 
imntjd^pt aXXd nal t6» tff6nop tov nvr^uPOftipov 
anon»1p »al t^p X^lap. Stop di gMip^at t^ avth 
fiifvhii4$P0g fia&up, i&ustiop iipiatdpat,, Mal no*»P 
^tk didX4»i*iia fknaiii.t^g i(fon^ai^ i(tdi t^g djton^ 
Cbmg * ip^ ngoa&HpjBH fiip o iQmt&p, $t Ti /SavAt* 
xm, .^(y«Tai» aifiifM»a9at d*" avti(g,,n$Ql wf inom^ 
pAi0», w# fin natat^x^iP, fifidi Mota^ppvpm «^ 
iq^^tPi^ fkt nvv&apofiipotg noXXdHig, In^ifnW* 
^g ilXXas ipt* alXwf inoxQiaMts dMpta^,^ fdp 
^rc^ MM^im icim sr^d igwfiOiOtg avdwQl xQW^^ 
iilti^t tipdg^in^up * 6 ydQ ^t^ ^ Xatqibn, 
..^^lmf^V Ivpltfii, %al ov XaUoPtog iwgiiH»^ 
tj^.j^kP^viU^yop ifijiiX&g inoPQipmdat, d^^ 
d^ioM^ ipfifitUmi^ «■« tifpnQoaiifunp inft^ 
«f f^fflHXi^lfy taD nwdaypfiipov^ /§4 yip^-m^^mi^^ 

&A^ 4f\thmiiQoth%o^tfkka» n^ t^hifom^^Hk^ 

FLTT.M0&.IIL A A 



-WO ■J^LVtARCHt 

^iifiPoySvdx^vatioif* twa fiii 9oxf[ Ka&djug (^vfia 
^ %^ ylmi}j ndhik TtQOouHdfiMfov p dafihn^ vni j^^ 
^&t^aetug iSilfta^tx^. *cil 'y$Q d ^ontQdt^fqviifis 
'^&6loue'Hip dhpetp, o6m iipulg tavt^ nutr putd'^ 
'iofdtttor, d fi^ idv ng&top ttxsM nddov dvtft^ag, 
':f9it€9gi&iJifitat thv xoh liyov itatgdv avaitiPitPji 
giby&r. 

XXI "tkftt i^vw tQkt yipvi tQp ngdi t^ i^ 
T$(Fci^ dnoxgiat^if' td ftip d^a/Halxfv, ti 91 ^tUtif- 
• '9q99M, tb di nBgiaa&p. o1b9 ^nf&Ojiivov tfvdg^ ^ »1 
:Soix^frfi^ i*dov, &iiMp, Sktmq fyw xat o^tjjfdd^i^ 
'fiwg,d^'^QMttat't&' OSkMitv' idif K ^&Vi^Ot 
litXtiptSuv,^ tdfp9bv di^uv, avt^v fiHviiv q>^iy' 
'Ijttdt ti^v dHd^lBftv' vg ixsivot, 9tJ^nnov ygdtftav' 
-^, >l hiifM^t tJH n6txtavt6v,ik X^^^ Ot fU^a 
j^^Bttfwvtsig aniatitkctv. 6 BitptXai^&QtinitiQqv dno- 
xiQlifttai' Qixt^bov, S3St^tti taig tj^ni^ic^ 'i^p 
iiovhiiai'vfgoa$ittftrtQ^a6ii^ &vovg ttid^ ttit'mQt^ 
fiiMP. (^ di itiQtttig x&l d^dkiaj^g^ Af fi dj^ TVjp 
^Hiai tbp KoXofu»tov. i^zfvmoig ^dth^ftaxov (fvn 
I^^VC^i/i^) pX^inttaig tQ9atiSneg,l!^Poifg Svof 
ftivoiv^^Impag, ItUq &t d^^ yiyQo^sv ^^ifii^ihig 
n$ol lHiktiiov S/P, xutitaQd i^taaaqtsQpff Stati^w, 
^ii^ioi fteydlov aatQdnfj paatUtag, Sg itdluit ftiv 
Vj9oi)<^ti jldxsdatfioviotg , tf^v M^nQoaii^tat 9t 
^iifi^tfitdiihiv U^tpiiaibtg' SydQ ^xt/itjdlhig'iitt&V' 
ftSiy il^pttXd^itp itg t^vnatoiSoi^ Hdv Tigdo^^tjif 
liitptti&iiiat. stcil oA«^ t]}v o^dd^i^'<^oi>kvt^/3bl; koi- 
""^Wi^fUifdgi^a, xtn HataxXvm td> Sv&^ov, 



DE; GARRVLITATE. ^71 

twg ip&dap 9uA MiXi^tog ixTtiA^ftuid^uai», 9tal qfpy^ 
JUvdilg 16 dilfJt^ar *4Xiufinidtis. ^hata l^ n^^ 
jpvio dii i^v. ddoUaxtaw avydx^tv, wantQ tln ti^ 
l^pi^uljavta tfjiP i^^vnaiy, »a» 6g xsVt^ xa« ^io- 
(rnj/iari t^ Xi^^fy ^^^ nvn&ayofuvov nfQi^Qdfffav^ 
■ T^v ttn6H(iAaiv. Ka^rtd^y /uiy yd^, ovn» /ic^fU^ 
^oiw v^y dd^Vtt iy tf yvfKvaai^ ^iaUy6fikvoy, 
-nifiyiag^yviivaaiadZOf, ixiUvaBv v^lvmi toftfyfr 
^og tig ^opf^g* (vjy ftd^^ fttyaXoipiavijatogy sin^f^» 
Tog d^ ixslvov J6g iioifdrqoy fpm%g* oi (pavJi^ 
vniTVx*' /dldtafii^ joy n^adiaXfydfitvotf, j^ f (Sno- 
nqivoftivtf fidj^v tojm ^ tqi; iffOiJwvjog (iqilfiw* 

XXII. Kal fi^y&ant^ o SmqdJ^ iuiXfV» 9V- 
l/djtia&ai j£m aititay oaa fiiq nBtvtavjai $va^iL&U 
4o^leiy, JMxi twv noftdttav Saa^nlvuy ^^ StyHiivtag, 
\ovMXQfi »oti J&^ h&fmv t6y ddoliaj^,t iilg iHiiw 
^ftdXiUtd %al Mixg^tai Majax6Qiog,. lovTOV^ ^^fil^y' 
a&ai ,. 9tal ngdg jouiovg Jniggioytag itftifialyeiy, 
Aov ol atf^twntKol jioXifnay tial ditiytifiatiHql' 
;«ai t6v IfUatoga 6 noi^jt^ toiottay ttadyfi, ]jdg 
atftov ifolkdiug aQiatsiag. »al nQditig diijyovfisjifov. 
Mtfixiig dixal toXg ntQl diaag tit^x^aati!,'l^7i€i^ 
\riytfi6at Ttal fiaatXtvaty dnQoadoui)tf»g «v^^^^^a^- 
aiv, SaTug voanfid »,. ngoaninttt nioi nagaxoXov- 
^&tl TO /iff^y^a^aivxa» dufytla&at noXXfiintg, 9f Tfo- 
n/^y $ia^X&ov, ngoai^di^ay., ij^viaavtp, jittXn^if 
aav, i^Xty^vi uytt6ixovg i^dg ^xaT%;if^OV!(^.,^fl- 
yi&rjaav» noXXu ydg iaJiv rj xagd ti}g xpifitM^fg^ (fatt' 
^g aygvjrviag XaXujugoy, dyttg^niiovqa ns>i^Kii 



j5T^ PXVTAaCHl K 

itiVtn^f wfi' nifQ<PparQV noioZaa tot^ diiiy^ftaw. 
«i^f^y ilia^ilQol n^g XQi^g rotovtQVg ruf Ad/My ei- 
ii^v ,iK nJur^g nifo<pdafC9g, ovyaQfidvof, 

\:^07tQV,ttg ttkytt, xii&i, xal tiiif jjfet^* sxsi^ 
aUi(a.xai.T6 fid6(iByQV ^ei r^r ^uptjv iy kavt^, xoi 
wiQtdyitt^v ylS»ttav,'inBQ€idHv uil t^ /Ufi^i? fiovr 
^fitpQy, vroi ntu toTg i^ftatutoU ig nUiatii dwt^ 
Si nii/t X6yovg fiyr^fAtiv tivd t&y if^oi/icVayy dya9^* 
Jf^i^rafi * o» /8 xay /i^ tt^ dy&^novg, ngdg S^Vr 
^ m^l avT&y dtaliyoytM^ , 
/- 'q, ^iXtdtfi xX(yij, xal 

-. jPuKxtg &i6v iy6(jita€v, %v6at^ov llx^* 
' Kal t&y ^mv fiiyiatog, bI tadt^ doKug, 
fefi fiiv pyy dttxv&g ^ Xsvx j atd&fni ng^g tovg.lA^ 
^Qvg 6 ddik^axog* ov fiijv dHd (iaXXov hiQOiv Iti* 
^tg n§ogn€nov&oig , oipsiXH toiftovg q>vXdvtBa&ai, 
-ual dvixnv eavtdv dn6 toittnv xal dyaxffoifspy^ ' 6^ 
i^Q^^bttdtu nqoayayuv xal dnofirixvva^ dcl df ^6a^ 
'^iv ^vvftfiivmv. td 6^ ait6 tovto xal ng^g tovgXd^ 
^vg ixBivovg nm6y^aaiy , iv olg xat ifimiffldv Si 
tfyv ttvd . t&y ttlXmv 6iafpiquy vofiiio vat. <piXavtag 
y^Q ^y xal <piX66ofyg 6 totovtog • 
\;y Nifift t6 nXuatov ^fii^ag tovtaj fiSQog, 
•\^*/y avt6g avtott tvy^^dvff XQdttatog wy 
'Jy,{atQjifiatg, 6 dvayy<aatui6g' iv tcxvoXoylaig^ 6 
;yq<!fiH(iattx4g* iv ditiyiifiaat isvixoXg, 6 noXXriy x^ 
..^^tf^infhiXyi^mq xal nmXavtifiiyog* Satf 9tal tatita 
^il^t <fffXdtt$a£tat' , diXsttJiofiivfi yd^ vn avtiov ri 
(n6oXwxifi(t, *a&<i^^ tSiov inl vofidg aiiv^^itg n^d^ 



DE GARfeVtlTATE, J^ft 

9}at. il>avfiaatig di 6 Kigog, Su xffil f^g HjliWi^p 
inoulio nj^dg tovg tiktxag, oik ir olg ifgfhim, ^^ 
iv oXq dmtgdttgog i^v iniivfay, eic taCra ng6t»k6b* 
(isyog • IVa fiij r8 Xvnji nagsvdoxtfi&v , Jco« fiifi^d''' 
pw a<pil^tat, 6 d* ddoliaxfig tovyavtlov, '&l^^fcip 
ttg iiiniaij Xoyog, ^ov liuStilp tt dbpotat Mt it^ 
^ea^a» t&y dyyoovfiivw, tovtov i$a&ti xal- it^ 
ngo^n, fita&^y «vt^ dovyat fiiMg6y tf attMif&ai 
fii} dvydfnyog* stg di tdg ioflovg xal nolvnaiit^ifg 
xvxXm ^tgtiwy ttaiXavvtt ^ynadiag t6yX6]royi ^ 
t&y na^ rifity tig xatd tvxfiv dvtyytma^ iva't&y 
lE(p6gov (ftffXiav, ij rgiu, ndyxag dv0gmnpvg JtoTer 
tgtflt, Mal ndv dvdatatoy inoin avfin^aioy, di^tijy 
iy JltbHtgotg fidpiv xal td avrtxv Sifiyolfiiyoi^* & 
&$y ^JSnttfJttv&vdag nagtavvfitov taxty. - ' > 

XXUI. Ov firjv dXXd tovt6 yt t&y MomSty iJ^ 
Z^ativ iatt, xal dii nagatgintty tig tatta trjy d9&* 
Uaxitty * i^TTor ydg di^)sg Batai t6 XdXoy iy t«l. «jdK* 
Xol6y(a nlMOy&lov, i&tatiov di xdl ygdiptty tt fa&g 
'ioiovtovgt nal dtaXiyia&ai xat Idiay, 6 ftiy ydg 
2tmx6g Idrtlnatgog, &g toixt, ftij dvydfityog pijH 
fiovX6fitvog 6fi6a8 x^Q^^^ t& Kagvtddji futd noXkti/fi 
(tvfiatog $tg T^y Tiodv tjptpofiivt» , ygdtpw 9i xal 
nXfig&y td (h/iXia tQp ng6g aMv dvttXoyt&yy xa* 
. lafiofi6ag intxXri&ti • ' tdv d* ddoXiaxijy tifwg di^'^ 
ngo^ t6 ygdtptty axtafioxia xal fiofi to& hSf^^itg 
infgifxovaa xaS^ rifiigay, iXaifig6ttgay nagdlittMi^ 
'a«t« iolg avvovatv" wamg 61 xifvtg ng X^^iflf^ihil 
liia idi^ ^Vfi&y dtpipitg, ^mr tkl x^tfHei^kt 



J74 PJLVTAltCHJ 

k^^tt6vt»ff atl ual n^BafiviiQnp 6fAil$i¥' ouaxvp6* 

iMnq¥p mifjoig di d§% del ual aviAfi$filxda§ »04 
avftn^lix^m floZc ^«f/i^ tiji^ li^oxiv iuilvffp 
»a§ tdy indoyiofi^yf oxa¥ u fiHXmfuif lahiip, tro* 
Ttt ^iifiata t^ afd/fftTf nffogt^xfl* '^k ov%o9 6 16* 
fo^i iip8^miua*Hataftu^iposf ini%i9itl yUM* 
aa wtai^tf ti 6* iin6m mgiyhna^ %aX6Pp { t^ 
^wr^UPtt dvaxi^^ ; ov y^ ms fldgoQ t» dii nti» 
Ijortadno^iaBah t6v X^yov^intl Tta^ufUvn ymmk- 
^&iU 6ftolo»g' dki! y di dvtoifs Sp&gcmot ii6fU^ 
woi tofog ImXottaiP' tf to^ dttioborttti iMftXavi^a;* 
^Xdqt^ wd naQHantvdSoPttg dl^Xoit, &gntq dlA 
totg X6yotg {q>Tid{fvovat tl^p StatQift^v iiai t^ nf/St» 
Siy, iv fi Tvyxdvovaiv ovttg. tl di fif(tt t^ Xiyovtt 
X^^f-ftoVi ftr^tB dvaymlov toXg dnt^ifovat ti lty6ftt' 
r6y,'rfiovti tt Mod xdgtg oi nQ6gtatt, dtdtlXiyttaff 
t^ ydq fidttfv ndl &iaxtvijg, ovx fjfttov iv tots %6^ 
yot^^ ij tolgtfyotg, iatlv. inl ndat dittalkafd 
tuvtan&via 6tl nQ^xtigov ^tiv xal ftvtjftovdftiv t6 
]i'ifi(avidttov, oti jiaX^aag fiiv, noXXdiug fitttv6iiat, 
vttifnfiaag 6i, ov6inotf seoi tj}^ airx^air, ottndv» 
tmr imM^tti tial iaxvQ6v iattV' inov ntd X^dyftT^ 
' ar»» (ti^ av&gtinoi t^ itgogixttv dnoPta66fiiP6(^ 
fi«i« Ti^vov nal dXytidivog ^uffoitaavte^.: &iy=ff 9* 
ovfidvov a6tfov, {(&g q^tjatv 'inAOkgdttigydlXd n^ 
^^hiit^vnaldrdidvvovl " *• 









HAOYTAPXOir 



U.1 v-r- 



i^l&\i9^yiiJS^a'(X$» tfff* x«»^wTa fi^Ttt^iytnf k«* xU- 
t9f9iv}Qfdfftt0dm^\^ Tioljiff -ttvk QVjca fitia&ir^ 

f ^cyi5>C»t M/fiyo*!' ^O TpU X(3(t^w>fOC* o Ji qpVaiJ<ot 

^^^a%4 %m m^mv -teii vojqv i}i7fv^<yva^y£fA^^d'_ 
^ Xoiiiov iio^r iit^Utaai' ttigx^^^'^' inuToivvr_ 
iiii wa naH VQondri xsi jSla/^t^d. nvtl ^^L}itam. 
^^LQixovia t^^Jtvxp >««? onotoqt ^^iaiov fiiv i^tt^iU 
tmpta Uttl \^xakmv us^ tda^o^y aldQlf^^ f"\^^\^ 
xo^l nvevfia HOBdiaQ^ dMy^ni^ iatTDT^" il 5« fin, 
It^aXapfidvup ft wl fit^aQy^ixttivalk^ y^tH 



aifls TLVTARCHI 

^^ifM¥Pri ^ilofid^eid uigMlpallotgliov Hitxurp ov« 
tf^d-dpov dottovaO' na&txgsiiHP f6ooQ, oVtt xa*o^^ 

Ti taU6ti^ /up'^^7n (faffiiiih^aUf 
Saxdr oivdo^ilg» ti d* litop nagaQXiittii; 
latd&Bg fiSonj^fy, nal jittdatQtiftop ddmviip noli^ 
Ttgafjtoaifptiv • il Xal^iS *a»Sp ftttaxngiSfguroq 
loTO^aP, sx^ig otxoi noXliiv dtatQifi^y, 

."Oaaop vdnQ wi -dltSirog, ^ dQvdgdfiKfl nitfjilap 
toaovtqp nliji^og ebg^asig u/ifXQtfifidtmv ir tf fihl^^ 
ntd na&&P h t^ yivxp, nat naqoQafidvaif iv totg 
n^^novatp, &g yaQ 6 &voip&r ifyst tdig ohtoro* 
fiiMolg tdtor ilrat t&r Ofjupl ^valar anw&r,'"t8tOP^ 
t&p dfupt dsinra t6nor, dUaiov' ktia^at td fffcop-' 
ytfid, x^U td nQ6g n6leftor • ovtat aottd ftir igip 
dh6 q>&6vov nand ntiftsra, td d* un6 itiXotvniaig, 
%d d* dn6 6itXiag, tn d* dnd fitntQoXoyiag, ta^ 
intX^tp tavta dra^mQfiaor • tdg tlg fttt6mr ^v« 
QUiag, %ai tdg naQ68ovg t^g noXvnQayftoaifPiig ^- 
^Quioir, itiQog 6* arot^or ttg tiJv urdQurtttrv^' ' 
«riavroS ftQoiiaag, iigtijr yvraticwittrfitg tdgr&p 
^ifQaTt^rimr dtaitag • irtab&a ^i dtatQtffdg*oihi' 
dj^Qiiatovg, ovde naxofi&itg^ oiUt* ixfiXiftovg naf qtg^ 
tfiQiovg p ti ^tXoniv&ig ToDro nal ipikoTef&yftcit^, 
inda^v nQ6g iavtor Xiyortog* 

/79 nftQiflfjrf ii d* sQ^a; tt ftot 9ior dvjrirs^' 

Xia&fif 
' II* Mr di i»gniQ ir %($- ftifB^tfir jiafttar liim 



lf&al(4aifs i/ot)(jai» unoktifi&6Vi,^di'ngQi^Miik 

mal n^g ktiifovg ifl 'xotxovoiif tijy mgnQyiay;^^^^ 
ftSQ wj^alfidy, ivjl&f^i' .ToSg di komwv it(iot^fi'~ 
lutoi nal xokoIq noUwug mqmtalopnv M dyi^d^g, 
ofiv in aira Ka* q>&g oi no^t^dfnvot, di^ kaiitdfit 
il&Qotg i^sliftMts(^g iativ 6 noXvngdyfjttiv* tayiJ^^ 
intivmv iXiyxf* »al it^oq>ifBtai , ttal ieixvvaiv^dp* 
rolg, S dti tpvXdiaa&a* xamtog&wnn* t&v d* 'o2^ 
ico» jd nXiiata naqoqq, dis t^k nf^l.ta %!^ Trrtfi/*' 
9iv, 6 fii^ ydq ^Odvaaivg oidi tjj ftfjngl dtaXt^^^&^» 
vai n^ti^ov vniptBiviv^ tj ftv&iox^ai nagd roD fidr* 
tfdg, ivmxa fix&tv ilg ^dov:nvd6fttvog'di toYr*^ 
jo, ngdgtt To^i^y €tgfipsv avt6v, xal tdg' iSlXX^i^ 
^vvaixag &vi%qm,%ig7i Tvg^, ttal tig ri xaXif XXM) 
^, icflu did %iv ^Enwdaifi dni&aviv, ' ' - • * 

'A^afiivfi fiqdzov mnvvdq>* ItfrriXola 96fioio, ' ^*'', 
^iulg di TO MT^' lovTov; iv noXX^ QadvftiitxqV 
myvoif &iutvok x<4 dfaXf^aavttg , ktiqovg yivtaXo'' 
yovfuv, ott tov yUtOvog 6 ndnnog fir2ifgog, 0ga^'^ 
%a di ^ t^$fi ' 6 dtlva d* oqysiXii fdXavia igia,iiitV 
toug Tfdcovi? ovx dnoMtnttr. i^ttdilofitv dl xct»''i^^ 
tioiovTtt, .fwidfV ij yvv^ To V ii^vog ifrdvrigxtto, tfdf^ 
4 Htlvarnal 6 Jf Zyo na&* iavtoigiv tjj ytavia^d^^'] 
Uyovto* ^Staxi^tfig i^ mgtfttt , dittitog&v\ ttWf^^^ 
^ay6ga$Xiy»9 tns.i^Jt*. xidUgiatiTtnog^OX^dfi^iii* 
4tir ^laxofidxtf hvfifiaXmr f^gtbta * ti Sttixgdtfig dia* 
UyA^mogY^tt» to^ riovg diatid^riai^ italfiikgtt 



578 PLVTAaCHI 

i^^i^ ov nlii/aas *A&nifetiB ^^y nei diankMtVfd^ 
rpg, ^giKFaja t^ mj^f-» ^«^ ^Ai^ Syd^ iutl wdc 
X6yovg ainif aaii t^Pfdoawpiap iatopfOiw^: V^ 
tdog, imyr&pM ta kavtov xaitd xa» ttTtmllay^pai* 
III. *JXl* $voi> tdv Idiov fiiop, t»g attQjtioTutam 
^d-lafut, ngoaidfiy, oyi vTtOfUvovaiv, ovf dkaiA&aetM 
.f^y XoyiOfAdPt &s 9«^» ^^* kavto^g nal nzqmfayihr 
d}£ fi xffvx^ yifiovaa^axm naptodan&v, lia^^^r* 
tovaa ual ifpfiovfUvn td ipdoPf inniidf '&vgalSfi' 
nai nXavataii vn^l tdMt^ia, fi6anovaa nal mctik 
fovaa To nani^Stsg, ig ydff ^^vig ip oinUf nakXip* 
ni^,, t^q)iig, na^an$iiiivrig , itg/wiavninmdvaa 
anaiiifti, 

"Ev&aytnov Suxfpaivfd^ at iv npnql^fda s^»^ ' 
naqanhioieig ol nolynffttyfiovig,if3Uqfidvtig todsTii^ 
fiiaf^ k6yovg nal iatoqlug, nal a fnridiiig mditu mpu» 
9aviodai, firfi\ ax&ttai nvv&apoiiipoig:^. tm u^*» 
nt^fispa nai Xav^dvovta nand nda^ig. ahiias inli*. 
yovai. naitoi yt xd» xof; J&yv^tiov ^d^iwi n^^ 
t6v iqm&vta,ti <piqii avymnaXvfifiipav dai taita 
avynBndXvntai* noii av diq tl noXvnqayfitoPitli td 
anonqvnt6fnvov.i %i fiif ti nan6v %p, <^ «r Stk^ 
ngitntBto, naitoi fi^ n6^vtA yn &iffnrHg euiiap 
dXXotgiav ov vo^iSnai naq$X&iiy* Mid pv^fM 
dai &yqtoQ0i, ndXaL ^i jj6nt(fa nqov6fU¥a nqigtai^. 
^ifqoig ah&fiaiv naquxtVf tva fii| T^r OMroMnsra^ 



BK CVRIOSITATI:. 579 

tWf ^ itoXuC^iuvop wUt^w, ^ H&i^fayviag tai &t^» 
nouvidag* 6 di noXvnQayfiW in aitdtattanp^ 
fKMitaig owp^poguir oltUag ual aa&iatAaiigf ov^ 
aif ntt(fa7uiXjitigf ndit^gy fiKSft^ifog ^^at^g' iv di 
cymiDc aXilg.ml fioxl&g nal aiitiog, tavta dpanalih-' 
nuMfoai <f>iffvrtig fd fUoop itiqoig. nattoi ic»*to)»^ 
(biftnw ^tdktata &if^t^if0fisp, ug jiqiatnp 9179*^» 
Saot tdg nigtfioldgdpaatikXovatP iifAap* ^6 di no* 
kfh^d^jWP oi td- IfAdtia t&p nilag, oidi tovgjft" 
tftpog, «Ud taifg tuxovg dnafi^iipwat , tdg ^l^g 
ipahndppvatrng^ 9id nug&9Ptntig anaUxQoog, m^ 
w4lfm, Sittditnamal dii^nn, fianxna xeei Z^^H 
n4id natfpvxiSag iiitdifitp , nail avnoqfOPt&p* 

IV. Kal na&dntg tot ntofmdovfdpov KXimo^ 
T^X^i^ ivJitmXols, d Hi mvgip MXMmdSp* 
aStet tot noXtm(fdyftopog 6 yov; Sfta ip nXovaloiP 
ohiotg iatiK, ip 'htftatiotg nip4ftwPf ip aiXaXg fiaoi-' 
XStap, ip &aXdfWig psoydftmp* ndpta ngdyfiutaXv'' 
t^td Sspmp, td fiytfidpwf oid* dnipivyotg tavra 
l^t&p* dl£ olop, tt ttg dnopitov ytlom, noXv-^ 
n§ayfiopmv tiiP noidtiita, tpddau t%g ala&i^img 
nqo^iXwf t^p nQoatsd^fitvw ovtttg oi td t&^ 
uttifivwp nand iiftovpttg, n^paXiatiovat tijg yptPt^ 
aoig lavtoifg, nal ydq, oS tov i(Xiov t^v a^f^oPop 
yi taiftr^p ndl natantxvftipffp andatw dntlpa na^r. 
^m;« aiidr di tbv niinJi^y dpati&g naiafiiXimif 
xtti diaatiXXtiPti fmg tJ^amfitai6fUf9^ nai foil/i£^«: 
Tf^, dnitv^Xotptau dt6 , naX^ig ^tXtnnilhig ' ^^ 



360 ,TI,V1ARCHJ 

fA(odo7toi6'g, uji6vTog avii} nots jivatf*dxov rov fim 
ailiotg * Tivog api %tay ifi&if (jLiwd& * MdvoP, {slmf) 
40 (SaaiUif, fitj %S)y a;io^^ijToiy. rd yaq ifdiaxa ifal 
xuUiaTcc tSiv ^aaikiiav ^^ 7r^(5x«iTat« na delTiva, o> 
nlovTOt, al navfiyviffig , ai;(d(fitsg' si di u dn^f* 
^i]x6v iau, liTJ nQogik&ffg , f*fidi uiviiai^gi oi M^i^t 
nxBxat ^or^tt fiaailioig sitvxovvTog, Qv3« yiXfog saf- 
iovxog, ovdi q>ilav&Q(aniag naqaaxevrj *al xdQixog* 
q>o^BQ6v iaxi %6 %Qvnx6fitvov , anvS-Qandv ^ 4/^19'» 
axov, dvgnq6aiJov, ogytjg tivog vnovkov -^aavQO^ 
fl ttfimqlag fiagv^vfAOV aaiiffig, ij itiXojvnia ywat^ 
x6g, fj ngdg vlov vnotpia tii, ii TXQdg qiilov. Snt^ifotk 
^ivyB t6 fitlavdv tovxo xal avviatdfuvov viqtog ^ ai 
XiiaBxai as ^QOvxrlaav, ovd* doxQdipav, oxav i^Qa^ 

t6 VtfV HQVnx6fASV0V. - . .' ; , 

• V. Tig ovv ^ ipvy^f n9QUjnaan6g (ig i^xaL) 
%ai fAt&olxfi xijg noXvnQayfAoavvfig, fAdXtata fAirim 
td /Jiltiio xal td tidia tQiif/avxt t^v yfvxiv *> itd i> 
ovQavta noXvnQayfA6vBt, td iv y^, td.iv diQi,^^ td ih 
^aXaxxjif» fAi^xQuf niipvxag ^ fABydlm ^Uo^e^oir* 
%i fAtydhav, riXtov noXvnQayfA^vBt^ nov xdxikatima^ 
ff6d^sv avuaf V\xu fdg iv aiXfivri xa^dmQ iv^dfr 
'&Q»i7xta, fiBxa/ioXdg, ,^ov toaovtov xaxiivdXoiat g>Qg, 
hi^Bv dl &ig ixxriaato, 

J2wg i^ ddiXov nQ&xov %QXOvtat ria '..-.'■ 
JlQ6atana xaXXvvovaa xa\ nXtiQOVfAixfi* 
' Jt &xaif nBQ avxTfg ivyvfxatdxfi ^ay^ 



^ pdXiv diajaQu, n^nl fA^div jkQjnxmi. ^, 
na) TavTcc dn^QQiixd iaU ipiamg, td£ ovx 



r 



OVX tt^^CTOt 



m CVRIOSITATE. 3Sl 

rpT^ ikiYX^VOiv: akla x&v fifydXw dniyyomag^ no- 
k'vn^ttyfji6pH 1» fiiXQ^uQa , n&g rav (pvmv tu jiiv 
dsl ti^riU ual %Xodiii xal dydlXimi navTi icaiQu, 

\t6v lavtiuv imSeixvvfitva nXovTov, td Si vvv^bv 
iativ SfAOta toitoi^, vtv de, wgm^ dvoixovdntjtog 
Sv&Qomog, d&Q6(og.ixxiavta t^v neQiovaiav, yvfivd 
9tal Ttmxd jta^dltinstaf di^ ti di ja (jiiv nQo/ifl" 
nUg,*'id'^ yovi&diig, Ta di ajQoyyvXovg xal.ntQi,» 
^iQkJg ix6i6mi toifg naQnovg; Xafog 6i Tavta.oi 
jtoXwiQaypiovriastg, on tohroig dv&iv xaxov iatiK 

.'iXJ^ a 6u ndvtmg t6 niQitQyov iv (pavXoig ttalvj 
i>$niQ iQnitijf iv rdavaaifioig vXaig, dil vifiiadai 
ital diatQipuv, inl^tdg latOQiag dydytofiiv d\jt6f 
Hiil ndQajidXoifjiiy dq>&oviav xax&v xal niQtovaiav. 
4iftoi^&a ydQ bvhoi marifiata dvdQwv xdl dnoXa- 
fitiafictl fiioiv, q>&j0Qal yvvatxm, int^iaug oixitav, 

.^fidfioXal tpUnav, ndQaax;tval q>aQfidxm, g>&6voi, 
I^Xbtvniai:, vavdyta €^xm , ixmdiaiig riyifidvfav* 
IfAninXaao xal tiQm aavTov, ivoxXav nridivl tSv 
iHWdvtiav, fttids XvnStv^ * 

VI. UXi loixiv ^ noXvnQayfioavvr\ firj xP^Q^^f 
t&,6ig Xaxolg , dlXd 'QiQfioXg xul nQoaq>dtotg» xcu 
xdivdg tQayofdiag fidimg -diua&ai, to7g 6i x(Ofitxo*fg 
imY IXaQmbQOtg nQayfjtaatv ov fidXa nQodifio>g 6/4i- 
XiJv» .Si6 ydfiov fiiv Tiyo^, rj d^vaiav, ^ nQonofinr^v 
dtiSt6vtog, dfaXrig 6 noXvnQdyfuav xa\ Qd&Vfiag d- 
XQoatrig iOTi , xal nQoaxrjxoivai td nXi7atd (^riat, 

jial ittXiVii Ta&ra avvtifivitv xal naQiQXio&di:t6f 
dii^oviiivQV, ajf 6* r^ qi&oQav tt^ naQ&ivov naoii^ 



«(qfole»**, .... 

-^ 'Jlg ftSOdoi^ ig ovg ^sfCTa* )^Tdr> -") ' 

|r» «&i nohmjijiatyiiAvw ilfpifdpov io^ ^iiMg. 
,ig yoQ m oiKva* ii^jf^p«(isfoii iut^oa^n6gJQmw- 
oiv^ ovTo» td %&»' 9toXwt^yfiovmtr>^mKm-TW^a^O' 
tdkjovg Ifyotfg iitioniMH* i ifiJiX p » ^««SliinfKtt-iT^ 
>Uic cjtov^'^ Jtn^g niflag wio^pgd^agmm^ .mm^^Mpf, 
,4»* iv^iidyovQk toHg ^avo^ovfjtivovg^.tioiS^ ti^Avfmma 
. ¥«1« ToVjp na&agfiovg infialkovifWf wayigdt ou^^ 
oidiU(i60 BloHot *(u HUfyiaidi avT0r* ««iift«Ni^ 
tm tm*noXvjtifayfA^tm £m x^fiotiff «v^ ov^*^ 
muiovt aU' ofr ^tofiKoi A({/o» d«^jr<>'*"^ ^^ v^ifioith 
aufy indvgifiaxalifua^ difiyiiifiata nfffauouiSt'^' 
w. 

Uil 9i dtldtiv fiovvog iv atoymg ifiok. 
Kmv^^g ifinintmBV 
aSt^ to*^ noiynQdg^oai f*ol^a «a» a$i^vfUa, tov- 

. jo, ^iffT^y .aiio«Kr/iiiT«n« aMTa%. SaT» yag 4 ^oht* 

^avf^ptmf. oi^lg d* ayai^^v dnonQ^nj.tt^nmwif^ 
90g' onou nal tdfA^ ovta niQoanotovvTmu amfAv 
nSfvJmo^ag onohsn^YfMv oQiy^ftsvog^^iarixtu^ 
uamig avvixjttat na9*t. ^6vov aat^fiaanavktp^ 
S^9hI* 9^if^ ftiv. ^t^i0 ft Ujiti in diiAo t $ io tg 



avtdp nantav avandXv^tg , SlfnB mX%o.if9 anodapup 
av 'nQdttgov^ ^ -dsQipfif v» tBf» ino^^^'^^ voofipdnav 
iat(foig* \9^9f^^ ^H^lJlioy, •$ ^SgaaimQwrov , f 
fitVrUtmhii»u6v av%^, 8^ fV av&Q^irfoi ; ^^Ter ta 
'^^fff^tfoM VM^ «4 IfT^B^» ^'Of^' oixAxv nagHridfiBPo» 

fmt^mfgtnipev iv hatiQ^^ nait6k mtfiQi&v eotI i^$ 
^witgtn^- taifTii9- 16 miifTtQaffiof^' Mkd 'nHgSv ttg 
^o^ft} %i^momi:t9v «^AWmi^i ^ot« rijv. xQetav ov 
m^tfihmif Snhftog kt' di^WQihi^ aan&v sQx^at ^ 
iwrdqairy. el di nokvngdy(iQ9ftf oed^ wita naii^ 
m^Him l«* ^^^of^» fty«oi>cMff > oii ^ff^^m^, ^ 
ia<f«Aproy«Mxil«jl^pw«(* i^n-fiiaottv^ai^^ikHaii»^. 
Mai. ffdgtaifSf tMvffi^ /9/y^vit)i^»^ '^uH: iv€^$Qaii»>*' 
f»»^ oix oftav '»d^ififfavvlft&S9f ttaayofiiifOiv Mi^ 
aiTy aU! SiUmrt^nMnQVfiftivaJlftto^nik^, iv JUo^ 
vqioig. aniiiMi nai qMQwng ,dvaatQiiipt0^ti' naitoi^ 
^!a9Q mHtiv S v^fiog di9mat¥avt€ig, ire4 fi^ntof* 
«M» pt^muovt^tg, ci i^^nokvniQdyf»o¥tg iinoXUai^ 
a^nui ngcikpmftd: ailt^i^, iw^oia^jMtro* Tt^gl t4 
A kh f ^ at nala7anvicig^,fmviHgdyQ6vpadiiovm,t$ 
^liPitiOK na^aumiffdiv tijgiiftifiiaga^g^igovtt^' id^ 
H.niiiinaiQafidU»aidiatXQ6n09, ' imtg th^ yttt4m^ 
ufiTtikatgift^Jnovat ftalXov, ^ tatg^ idia^'^ itulmiift 



Ji-n^os plUiifq iiSi^yif^^i^t* tox^ ^^ tbvtw ifintti- 

ytu>Qydg ovds tdy a^tofitdtms i^6turoy i* n6XBvg 
l6yo^,id\$^ n^dixstm» Hyw* 
;. — J^h» fito* amijmv igti, ♦ 

*£<ip tig )ty6vaoiif. t& duxX^migi tet^t» yitq 
Mp nolvnj^yfio^&v 6 natd^fatog mifi,7tatBi* • 
a Vltl.. Ol 9$ nokvnfidyftortg, mg IWlJy n nQ&- 
yfW Jim fvxifov nal St^ymdop, iptvyorttg tiiy dyQOt^ 
nktv, ug v6 fi^fiaxalxffP dyoQatf nm tovg Xifiirag 
m^oliptai' Mn tt itmv6vf ov ydg i\g nQt^ noff* 
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avxtt, fAifvvovtfg xalt <faivovt%g toifg i^yovwg, ^ 
xXrj&ijaav avxwpdvttti* xaitovto olv ovx Sx^6r 
iativ ivvoBiv Tovg TtoXvjtgdyfiOvttg , Sntdg ciMi^iMBi»» 
tttt t^v nqbg to^g fnaovfdfovg fkdXitnu ttt^bvgx^- 
Qttivofiivovg 6ftoi6tri%a »it2 ayyyiveMP^ foC inmf' 
^BVfitttog. 



nAOYTAFXOY 

^IAOnAOJTiAZ 



Jnn6fiaxog 6 dXdmtig, inamf^vtoM^ TiWSrAp^^ 
ftov edfi7ixij xal ftaxQdg ^omi x^^fff ^ nvtnuiivt 
MnsQ {Mipii) xa&tXBiv I9ii t^v atmpavw xQtjuipei 
^: T«wT* iatlr umtp ng^g tovg td mM z»9*^ 



DE CVPIDITATE DlViriARVM. 393 

ual mg (uydXag olxloig xot td naXv aQ/tQiov vnt^' 
mannhiYfiivovg ira« fuxHaQt^ovTvg • Ei'/ eSh 7r«- 
Xavfidvrjv nQiaa&ai r^v fvdatfiovlat. xahoi' nal' 
Xovg uv tdoi Tig, 0* imSXXov i&iXovai nXovthiv xal 
ttanodaiiAOVoZvug , rj fiaxtxQioi ycvia&at ddntg aq- 
ySifWv. aX^ ovx Iot» ye j^QrjiidTtov &viov dXvnla, 
fittyaXotpQoavvfi , fvaTd^iia , ^aQ^aXidTrig , avTdQ- 
xtia* t<^ nXovxiiv ovx tvtatt tb nXovTOV xaTatpQO- 
wiiv, ovdi TfS jd mQtrtd xfxi^o^a» td fi^ dtia^ai 

t&v mQtVT&V, 

II. Tivog ow unaXXdTTH rwv aXXtov taxSv ^ 
nXovTog, tl nfjds tptXonXovTiag ; dXXd noTw fdv s- 
a/haav j^qvTovnotov OQt^iv, xal TQotpfi tqv i^j tqo- 
^^g imdvfiiav ^xiaavto • xaxbivog 6 Xiytav , 

Jbg xXalvav 'Innmaten, xdQta yuQ Qiyia * 
nXBi6vwv imqffQOfiivujv , dvaavaaxstu xal di(a&t1' 
T«»* (ftXaQyvQiav 8^ ov ajiivvvatv aQyvQiov, o^di 
Zffvaiov, ovSs nXtoviSa nuvttai Ttttofiivi} td nXiov, 
vtXll sativ tlmiv n^bg Toy nXovtov, itg nQog laTgav 
dkaiidva' 

Tb ^Qfiax6v aov Tijy v6aov fitiitt noiu, 
Sgtov aitofiivovg xal oVxov xal axsnrig fiitQ^ag, xdl 
XOTO tvx6vtog oipov naQaXafiav, ifininXrjxtv im&v» 
fUag Xf^vaov xal aQyiQOV xal iXitfavtog, xa\ afia^' 
gdydmp, xal xvvQv xal tTtniov, trg xoiXtnd xal dnd* 
ma xa\ SvandQtata xal ax^ata fitta&ttg ix tStv 
ctvayxaitav t^ OQt^tv, iml t&v yt aQxovvttav ov« 
ditg nivfig iativ* ov dtddvtiotat natnott aQyvQio^^ 
av^QWtog^ tva aXtfita ngiritai, { tVQdv, ij agtov,^ 



39^ : laVTARCHI ^ - 

^ iitttag' eiXXd tov fjter otxla TioXvxiX^sx^tWifsdi^ 
njv mnoltjxt* idv di ofiOQovv 4Xai6(pvjoy, %6v dA 
an&ytf, dfiJtfXSiVfg, aXXov ^fjiiovot raXaxtitai, ai« 
Xov Xnnot ^vyo<p6Qot 

Ktiv* oxia XQOTsovTtg — 
ivaiadxaaiv ug fiaQa^ga avftpoXaUav «o» Toxoir 
xal vnod^iiXfav, tixa ^antq ol nivovxtg [uxix x6 ft^ 
^ttp^v, ^ iadiovxtg (itxd x6 fiti mtv^v, xal oaa dif 
ytoavxig Tj miv&vxfg IXajSov nQogf^ffiovatv ovx(og oi 
xtxiv dxgri^av itpiifiivot xalmQixx&v, ovds xmvdrajr* 
%aimv xqaiovatv^ ovxot fiiy ovv xotovxoi. 

III. Tovg ds fiTidev dnopttXXovxag , ^ovzag dl 
noXXtt, nX8i6vm d^ dfl dsofiivovg, ixt fioXXov ^ov- 
fidafifv av xtg, xov ligtaxinnov fiffivtjfiivog. «xcT- 
vog ydg fia&ft Xiyftv, oxt noXXd fiiv tig ia-duat, 
neXXd dr nivm, nXi^govfifvog di' firidinoxs, ng6g 
xoifg ittxgoifg /iadij^t, xal nw^dvfxat, xi x6 srddo^ 
xal xig ^ dtddfatjg, xal nug av dnaXXaytifi* ti dt 
Tig ^aiv nihxs xXivag, dixa SijtcT, ko* xfnxtjfiiwoc 
dixd xganiiag, kxigag avvuvttxai xoaavxag, «o» 
X^ifnv noXXiav nag6vx(av, xa\ ttgyvgiov, ov yipBtai 
fnaj^g, dlXd in dXXa avvxixaxa$ xal dygvnvsi, xa2 
anX^gwx6g iaxt ndvxwv, ovxog ovx oitxai dtta&a^ 
XQV ^tgantvaovxog, Ttal dii^ovxog, 09' fig alxiac 
tovxo ninov^fVy xaixot xmv ^tymvxwv xov fiiv oi 
nmm6xa, ngogSoxiiasifv dv xig dnaXXayiiaM^m 
^t6vxa xov dt^^v j6y di nivovxa awtxwffxal ^4 
nav6fifvov, oi nXfigdta^iag, dXXd Ma&dgatvg. oidjiM* 
^a dtta&ay xal xfXtvofiSV ifiiiv , mg ov^.vjs ^jm. 



DE CVPIDITATE DIVITIARVM. 3Sf7 

'dilmq vxkovptvov, akln rirog dQifjiitiiTog fi-d^gfti^ 

ti^Tog avtM na^ qtvoip ivoitorig* ovkovv xa» tunf 

ntof^^vxfav 6 fdv sVdsJ}^ xo« anogog, navcfdtai totag 

iatlav 4ttriaufuvog,y ^vaav^dv tvgmv, ^ (pilovpoi/^ 

"^atvnoq, ixtiaag xal anaXXayelg jov doMHaxoZ' 

-Td^ di nXhio} %mv ixav&v ^frovta , xal nXti6ywv o^ 

y6fiwov, ov x^voiov iouv, ovd* agyvQwv t^ S-tga'' 

ntvov, ovd' Xnnoi xo* ngdfiaia xal fidtg, dX)i iH* 

fioX^g dtliai xal xa&oQfiov. ntvta yd^ oix laur, 

. aXV dnXriOtta. t& nd&og avtoVf xal (piXonXovtia, 

dtd xqiaiv qtavXriv xal dXoyia^v ivovaav fiv av 

lnfiXiglSiLXiixat tijg ^ivxng, ^k^ff^ tXiyfia liXdywv, 

,.ov naiiao9Ztt% Stdfitvoi tuv ntqi.tim,%ovti»xivim* 

^vfiovvxtg, wv ov dtovxat* 

lY. "Oxav iaxgog tlatX^^v ng6g avd-qmnv i^ 
^ififjLbvov iv xfZ xXitidit^tTtal axivovta, xat fiij /5oi> 
Xdfitvov XQO<priV Xafitiv, ujfnixai xal dvaxqivjf tut 
tvqjl fiif nvQstxovxa * Vv/ixtf r6aog, i(pti,xal tni^X- 
Stv ovxovv xttl fifittg oxav VdvfJitv av^qat^ no* 
•^iOfii} TtQoaxttfix^xa xal tolg dvaXoiftaaiv intoxi^ 
ffOMxa, xal fifidtvog tlg XQfff*axfafi6v avvrtXovvtog 
cutfxgov, fififf dviagov iptidSfitvov, oixiag ^' txovta 
xal x^gug xal dydXag xal dvdgdnoda avv ifiaxioig, 
%i (priaofitv xo nd&og tivat tov dv^dgtonov,^^ ntviav 
'■ ya^tx^Vf infl tr.v.yt xQflfiotttxriv (wg tpriaiv S Mi^ 
■vardgog) ttg uv <piXog dnaXXd^itv tvtgytxriaag' tijv 
^ ^fvxix^v ixtivfiv ovx dv ifinXriattav anavxtgf ov^ 
T% iSivxtg, ovi dno&avdvxf^, o&tv ti ngog xovt9y% 
liktxjatvn^tovSoXiovog' 



3t8 V PLTTAaiGlLX 

maipMal vd ugfM sc^o» «^? jKpe*'»? xa&dnt^xiv'- 

to tiff;. ifdXtt^yv^iatg tdiop' .4m&iffdm ya^ ioj* fut^ 
ZOjdvii yt^ Ji^p aut^ nXrfQvmp* o» ^* aiJatu mml 
avvt^oviMf' OMd^g. you0 oaixstM x^^oig ^ipoVp 
, iStd ^piXoiifiimt, ouS^ oVvoVf S* fHOfOipAs^yiap , 6s z^ 
.fmtii^ aaiXQiy9ai iSm fpjuk^ft\imzia». xaizoi nws 
00 lia¥mi^ oud* 4kuaiA» to» ndS^^t. 4kX t*£ J^«i«^ 

l^di 91X0^ tSicr 26 ^ioirJlovmy/- «nU* ^ «•!( 
&gaamidov xaxolg^ iatin». 

ffttQ ifi6* ydg iattv tp^v^Sbatii^ M ^o^ . 

Kal PoikofMi tout — 
'i$ ol dftfia^atma iQmvjfg^ 

. -^ Ov TtOiSi j3|f • — 

.Matvmhiaag dlamtaMdiiuiamqiQaytadfaafO^ •mml 
.mnag$0-fi^ag. smuattug mu. WQaypanvtmq,. mHm 
apvayoi xa* lUmKi»' Mai j^vyofutx^ ^^^ ^^"^ ^^"** 
,9^ ngdg tovg yfUQj^ovg, TTipoi; ^ovg xQ^o^atof.' 
'^TfoXXoVi.av^QiaJWv tiv .d^Udntgov 
^JE^Qajtag^ ttQ* jQOiKt/u SiMmotfidttQOV ; 
. y. '0 ^oipDx^g i^t^&Hg, d l^vmtat ywmtd 
nXiiOfdiuv ' £iiptifm, MV&Qmtu * {filmv^ Htif&tQog 
yiyova, XvtiMvtag<xal uyQiovg dtan6tag $tm to /iJ- 
*^^ d:roifpv/0v» xdifmv yag Sfut lalg riSovaig otxvnh 
linCiv tag iju&Vfiiag, Jug ft^t avdgu ^^t^ l4l- 



DE CVPIDITATE DlVmARVM. 3^9 

* 9t^9g itm^vyiLMff ^iirrt ywaix». to&to 4^^ ovit f^ip 
,4^ T^ ^iXonXo-vglttg' «iU' wgju^ Pui^t%m %at m%^ 

IAai * iH^l t^ |ter Asu^vfdap iyfi^sty t^V* de rjdbyfyf 

.j j^ t j ft St t ii , ^wg f»p' ^ip^Podio/vg 4 :^tgon6tiftiog 

.Mtfxtmm^'U6 ^ohn^um^fMxodofitly fiiy ^ a&h- 

.mtko^ liyw, Siif/mmir di &g 4kiyoxQorpiovg' ot Hi 

.j^ftkAqfv^i Mj&PTOi fiiy mg nokvuXtig, xifi^'^ ^^ 

mg40iUi^iifOi* *u\ toig ftiy ,n4yovg tnofuytnfai, 

. %mg 9» .^dw^ag o v« ^oi;air. o yoM^ Jrifjtddtjg ini^g 

nqiatSnrn noti ^uadiayk», mo^ 'dfuoiifisrog a^oSo 

tiy «^««{«r MUtmiftty ««« JUnyy * Oa VfiaQo m , i 

^auiiwy, {slnjBi^ iti, oS^mg ^iatSy Svyafuyog, «ro- 

Ituitfi, 4ivt6g ydg tlg t^y yaatiga idtjfiay&yti, nal 

zdg ^Adiiyag fuxgdy ^y^infjtiyog t^g. matiJiag iqt^dior, 

i» tifg MaKsihtyiag.JmaitiStto' xal. did Tovro^i^ 

;Unat4jag um^ ^^aadfttyag ^vtiiy yigoyta, xa&dm^ 

M^eiiw dian$mgayjtixov , ftr^9iy hi loin6y , ^^i^ 

^Ji^taOMff-^HywMaii.Sfty^wMJt^^ ai d*'ovx oW ttg, & 

jtM9s^^aifu>p , ^uvfidanBy,. u..lhfydfuyog. ottaigp 

JmtXtv^igng Mo^ anay^Qg^jtiag. xal dfAfToed4it»g, xal 

n^ ^iXoVg Anffy&g., xal ngdg ndXiy dquXotifUog,. 

xoMona&fig nfii4.dygvny(Xg,.xal igyoXafiflg, xal kXi;« 

gjoyofiMig., nalunoTuntttg, tfjhxovtoy f^x^ '^Vi ^ 

n^/ftoav^ itpAdioy^ vrjv dptXtv^tgiay ; Bvidyttdp 

atm Xdyovaty inldtHffiijgtf^M yvymxl fiotj^op tvgSptd 

thttiP * Jl toXotintigt, tig tirdyxff, aangaydga ngolf^ 

£y$ av xvxag, v^nttic, o> naptigi, toifg fiadtXttg 

no^tadmt^iki, tovg i^itgfnovg tm (haiXiiop, tohi 



400 * -^^frt-IP^T-ARCttt-' ' ':^ 

^^otokty ^c^^a 9rc/i9iovai, 4Trf«Hrcif/fBMi t^^ovcri» 
^vo^axov& ^vovfMivoiq * a v -^t Toonevm lk^;7ic««a 
0vyiir«€ v«» Ttf^zTfKpxa» otQofiHg aemvt^sHojtUov 
Sh^ ISmf dnt t^v fiiit^oloyiav, xal td ^mzff^ «ib^ 
^tmjfmfiivtig, ovdtp tv ndaxmy* i^t^ oyo^ fiaJi^ 
yi^ iifl» ital <PQVyava jtataxofiliw , atl xemvt^ 
%aiti(pQaf avamfinldfASvog , Xovtf^ Si fifj ficti* 
Z$fVrf*n^^ ^(^t (^V^ 9sia&aQi6tiitog. ' ' 

YL Kal tavta ng&g t^v ovMfixal (iVQ/sfix&ll^ 
ii^(a.tait$iv ifdonXovtiav» itiga di iativ 4 ^ht9^ 
^g, Qvxoipavtovaa, xal xXiigovofio^ea, xo^ ^<"ff 
loytiqfiivt] , xal nolvjigay(iovovaa , xal fpQovtiSav» 
.4^ xcfl aqk&jiovaa tSavdpiXmv Uth n6aoi> Swtffr. tlta 
.nifvs lA^Qiih dnolauovaa tSv navta;^&$v. nQ&frndf 
^iiojiivm* ,mqmQ ovv ixiSvag xal xav&OQidm^ ^al 
^aldyyia fidlkov ngofialXdiis&a xal Svazi^iro§^f9 
MQXfuvxal Xidvtav, oti xtUvsi xal dn6lXvatv mv* 
^^QOtnovg fi!ti$iv XQ(»fisva toig dnoXXvfUyOig vn* «t]J« 
Toiv,« QpiadHiulilXov dvax^QoUvHV t&v d/ daeat^p. 
fovg dia ^fiiXQoXoyiav xai dvtliv&sQiav, nop^goifg. 
m(pufQ0vvta$ yuQ uXXmv,. ^lg avto* x^ifdmi; fci^. ^i^ 
ravtatf ^tidi mipvxaatv. 'O^sv ixw^Q^Jif^v im^fiii^ 
Qip^y $/.ovaiy, iy d^d^^voig ygyofitvoi, ^a» tf^^l^^ 
fJjllSXtfi • oigntQ 6 ^jf^oa&ivri^ «ts^^t MQ^ »0 vf -tt^*^ 
ff&^^fey^ 7W ;^0ftjQJ^sig:^t6v,^tj^daiiy^, nM^awf^^* 



DE CVPIDITATE OirrflARVM. m 

VI|..kWn} i^«, <]pijfiF8» ti5, on9V0ia»y o^* 
4ttt»irii2fOirif^/9 fpvkvirovaixal ^^(rav^av&ty,6k 
SSkfttg- ovdh.^Bxa&itl^ijtati^' aXJ^ ^(^mg t&p (i^ 
t&wip totg (istdXko§f tj}v ;^^t/ar»tiy lo^i^rttti^, ovk 
Eotmttov ^(fvalov ftnalafiitv, h ftn vtnifiv ^POfU^ 
vmitaA.apatfsfi&ivtfmf. natfrl di leat nlfi^v^fiois 
didti PovXovtM noXXax^fiataxal fjisydXfiv ov.(Umf 
uT^oXimly ; Xva diiXovdti xal ovto» (pvXdttoifatvht»' 
^oi^f n^imvot nataiv, wgnsQ ol xsgaftsot awXljvfg, 
orJ» uvaUifipdvovttq Btg kavtovg, «U' txaatog ng 
ex«^ i^ iavtov fis&uig' axQtg av tig ^&iv, fj 
^fvuoipdvtfig, ^ tif^vvog, ixudipag tbv tpvXdttovtm 
xml icatfiSBe; aXXax^of naqatqi\i>ji xal nuqoxMvajf 
.tdrnAovtoy* % xa&dntg Xiyovaiv, $Jg 5 novfi^ 
tmtogi» tw yivnt ytvdfiivog, xataipdytj tdndvtw* 
ov ydq fi&vov, xata tdv EvgtniSfpf, 

i^JAcratet ndvtfi ^ivstat SovXm tixva, 
«Utt »al .(itxgoX6y€9V' Sg nov xal Jtoyhvig ini* 
axmi^v, (inm' Msyagiotg av dvd^dg fiiXtiov ihm 
XQtdv^j^ vldv, ytvia&at, xoi ydq ovg doxovat nat^ 
dtvftv, dnoXXvovat, xal nqogdtaatf^ovatv , ififpv^ 
uifottfg ti^p avtinf gttXagyvqiav xal fnx^oytav, 
^^gnt^uv .tt (pqohqtov t^g xXfj^voftiag ivoueod»^ 
fiohftf^totg xXfiQOvidfjiotg. tatiia^dqiattv, a na* 
^tv&^t xal dtddaxovat' I^^datvi ftal (pfilhvix^l 
TO90^pv yJiuiCi o$dvt6v! o^v, oqov av iftjg^ to^ 
Pty%.UoK. llh C ^ 



4<te 'PLVTAKCHl . 

tir Hkffilfi^^ d{i9!fi%eu^ Kfdtot- j6 fth Paldwtiov, ip^ 
^tid-inog tov dgyvQiiOU^ylvfjm (ma^v nt^ HvgS^ 
Stg- ol di W¥ ipilagyv^v muihs, w^n^ ^ mx^a'- 
lafifidmp toM nkoHov, dvanifmlavTm t^g ipiJio- 
nXfivjlag ad avt&v t&v nati(fUiVi xa2 fiivtoi r^g 
didtt<maXtdg Jtal fno&oiig d^vg dnoilvovatv avtolg, 
ou qiiXovp.t£g, otinokkd Xri^tai, dXld fiiaovm^, 
iu ^1)7«^ Xafi^&vova^ - fif^div. ydq dXko &atfuiiuv, 
fi tov nkQVtov,^ fi0&6ptis, fjuid* in' alkio tivl Sji*, iy 
ti^ nokkd xBaa^a&ai., xakvaiv tov Wotf fiiov top 
ixeivotv noio^vtaii, xctl vofitiovoiv aitdv dfpatQH^ 
ir&ai' t&v XQ^^^^9 ^^^^ ixeivotg niQoatl&fiat, M xal 
^yt&kv. fih '^ 'fW ^ti^mt ka^&dffoPttg dfuaayi" 
jtmB nfigaHki^tpva^ t^ ijJom^* xa» dnokaiovatv, 
SgTKQ dkko>tQiofv, fiftaf^Hj^vtBg ffikotg , • dvakioMovt^ 
tig im&Vfiiag, hp, axovpfrH x^* fiavdivMft^. Stav 
d' dno&avdyt^ Tog xXsig nagakdjieM^ ita» tdg 
oq^qayibagi itiQO¥i fiiov o^fyia aMtoigiati, xalnQSg" 
^nop dydkaatopj, ajjVfi^Q^y, dvivJ€v^tov, ov xoko- 
(ptdiv, oua<fatQa,'Qii tQaji9}kiaft6^t ovx dxadrifiia,ol 
kvxHQV dl£. olxcf«»v d)fdH(^i5ig., x^t, yQixfiftariiiap 
ii4GXB}f)ig, xok nQ^g olxQyoiiQvgJ^ xQ^mtag didkoyt^ 
' Ofiog, xahdoxokia xal qi^iKtlg d(cpatQpVfsivi}'t& dQi' 
atov,, Ttal auv^kaiivovoai yvxjog. (tgto fiakavtiov 
yvjivda^a ^k, olatv ivitQdq)^, ^iQMfjg T€ vdeia 7ra^<»- 
5svw x«*» (Infj tig' OvK dxoixari Tbv (gpilooo^ov; 
lioOii' ffiQl; ((prfaiy) ov ax^^S^i toit natQog if- 



DE CVPIOiTATE DiyiTIARVM. 403^ 

OrtiHOTO^ i wlalntoi^, . ii aoi tomDto mxMXoi^ 
Tiar, qIov u^p^^rjTai, Ti}y axoXr^v xcn T^r iXhV&iqiavf 
ftuUov d* ou^ t7ti%t^o^, ak£ 6 jrlotiogi. mpi^'&i*9 
xal mgDtQttt^timg, &i7t^Q i\ itaq *Bai6i(a yvvf^' 

EvH utfQ ddlov, xal h ^pL^ yr^i ^rfHtv, 
&snzQ ^vridag aa^^ovg, i^ noXiAg, inttyayviV T^gyfV" 
;f5? itxg q>QOVTidag ht Trjg fftXuQyvQia^ tal tjJc oflFyo*» 
Xiag, v^ tav fiagtiivittn t6 yavqov %a\%6 q>Mi%* 
fjtov »al t6 fpiXdv^&QtoTtti^Vi 

YllL Ti ovv, {qyriaitig) ov;jf 6^i?? ?««* >^0)/#t* 
yovg iviovg daiptXag toXg x^f*^^^ » ^^ ^' ®^ Jxoif-' 
ug (^^0oiuv) 'AgiatotiXovg Xiyortog, on ol fiiv oi 
^qtavtai, ol de naQaxQtavtat ; xa^nnfQ ovd^ ktiQov 
nQog^KovTog' dXX* htsivovg /Jtiv ovit c!t(pfXstto^oU 
9tufi^ ovdi xoafiH, toitovg t^i xal ^Xdwtsi xal n^ 
tataxvytf tpsQS 5i) axt^ojjus^a to nqmov. ^ XQfJ*" 
aig avitj, $t ^v &avftfiistat 6 nXotftog, tig ,- ndt^Qpp 
tMV dQnovvttoy,' ovdiv nXiov sxovatv ol nXovato* 
T^v [iitQta xsxtr}(iiv(ov aXX* artXovtog 6 nlovta^ 
iativ (i&g (ptiai Os6(pQaatog) xal il^fikog txXfi&mg^, fi 
JCaXXiag nXovatwtatog l4&fivtti(^v, mVlapiivia^ eu- 
noQmatog G^lpaitav y s/quwto toiftotg, otg ^^toXQii- 
trjg xal *£nafMivo)vdag, «$ ytig l4yd&(»v tok ptvXdv 
dninsftiftsv ix tov avfjinoaiov nQog tqg yvvaixag, 
oloftsvog aQTcslv tovg X6yovg tav naQortoiv ovtmg 
dnonift^tstag av xa\ cftQOffivag aXovQyovg, xai Tp«- 
ni^ag noXvtsXslg, xa* Ta nsQtttti nupta, tovg nXi^v* 
aiovg OQMV xQ^usvovg, oig oi nivijttg' ovjt 

Aiifd iiBnriSdXiov ^sv insQxanvov xattx^uo,^ 

CC2 



104 * PLVTARCHI 

'^*Eoyapo&v $* mJi6XoiJO xou figju6ifiiiP taXiU^iOp' 

alltt Xifvaox6(oy xal tOQtvimf nal fiVQi^fSiv xa« /i». 
ydff^v, naXfiq xal owpqovoq yivofiivtig hvnikaaict^ 
twv dxQtiatav, ii ds td ftiv diiiiovvta %oi.va nal twp 
' nkovaUov xal t&v fi^ nXovalav iarl, asfivvystui di 
6 TtXovtog inl toXg ntgiaaolg' xal 2x6nav Toy Ofo^ 
aaXdv inamig, og aitfj&ik ti tStv xaid t^v olxiav, 
w? ntQtttov avt(u xal dxqfiatov • UXXd fjirfV (Hqpij ) 
tovtoig iofiiv riftHg tvduifioysg xal fiaxdqu)t tolg 
mQ^ttoTg, dXi^ ovn ixiivoig toXg dvayxalojig* oQa, 
uri nofiniiv inaivovvtt xaX navfiyvqiv /iaXXov, ^ 
fiiov, eotxag^ ^ ndigtog tQv Jtowaitov koQt^ to- 
naXatdv ini^ntto dijfiottxoig xal iXaQuig, dfnpoQivg 
oijtvovxal xXijfjiaug, tha tQuyov ttg stXxsv, ulXog 
iqxddfav aQ^txov rixoXov&Bt xoftiifov , int nuat di 6 
tpaXX6g* aXXd vvv tuvta naQOQUtat xal •^(pdviatai, 
Xqva(afidt(av mQtqnQOfiiviov, xat tfiaiifov noXvttXatv 
ttal iBvy(ov iXavvofiivtov xal nQoafontifOV. ovtvig 
td dvayxala tov nXovtov xal XQftOtfia tolg dxQir 
■iStoie xattMxixfoatai xal toig nsQtttolg, 

iX. Ol di noXXok to tov TijXffidxov ndaxofifv 
xul yuQ ixtivog vno dnuQtag, fitHXXov 6* dnttqoxa» 
iiug, Tjjy fiiv NiatOQog idojv oixiav xXivuc axovaav, 
tQittniCag, Ifidtta, gQ&ftata, otvov fidiiy, ovx ifiaxu" 
Qt^e tov ivnoQOvvta tatp dvayxai(ov ^ xul XQfloifiW 
nnQa Hi tm MtviXdfo dsaadfisvog iXifpavta xai XQV 
(i6v xttt ijXtxtQOV, i^nXdyr^, xal tins' 

^ 'Jlv^v6g nov roer^de / 'OXvfiJfiov tvdo^Mv aiX^' 



DE CVI^IDITATE DIVITIARVM. 4o| 
' t "^otf ;tiii * uonfrit nMd * tieflag ft 1^4 «fcr»- 

iokigdTrig d^ aif tlifztp, ij nal Jtoyivf{g • - "'\ 

"Ooaa T€? y* S^lia TtoXJid xal axgijirtix ttal pd* 
raia* ^ 

— yiXoig /«* IJjff* «((ro^MFTff. 
Tt Xiysig, dfliXxnQt; xijg yvvatxdg oiptiXiov nagiXnP 
Ttii^ hogq>vgav xal i6v u^afioVf Hva Ttavar^Tai Tgv 
fptaoa xal^tvofiavovavt, r^v oUiuv nakiv naXXtnnl'. 
J^tig, &g ^iaTgov, ^ '&v/iiXr)v, To^g tlaiovai; 

X. ToiavTTjv 6 nXovTog tvdai^oviav 5r« -Oru" 
wv dtofiivfjv xal (AftgTvgiav, »J t6 fiijdiv ovaav. oJiJ^ 
ovx ofioidv yt TO "cfOiq^govtiv , tcJ (piXoaoqitiv , t6 yt- 
vaaxtlv, a 9iX, ntgl dfoiv, xnv Xavd^dvti ndvTag 
Svd^g^novg* \diov de ftiXag exti »«* (piyyog iv TJJ 
y^vxfl fiiya,xttl xagdv noitl avvotxov avTJj iv kavTfj 
dvTiXafji^avofjiivfj Ttxyndov' av t i3ij Tig, av Tt 
taiffidvri xal (ftovg xal av&g&novg anavtaq, Toiot^ 
t6v ioTtv dgcTTj dXi}&tia, fiadfjfidT(ov t« MfiXXoiytia^ 
fttxgtx&v , daTgoXoyixHv <av Ttvt t» lov nXovrov- 
ipdXaga ravTa xa) ntgtdigata xal ^tdfiaTa xoga- 
aitiidfj nagjxfiaXflv a^iov; fifjdtvdg ogmvTog, fifjdi- 
ngogSXinoriog, ovrtig xvipXdg yivtra^ xal diptyyrfg . 
o nXovTog. fi6vog ydg 6 nXovaiog deinvtiv fjttTa xijg. 
yvvatxog fj xiov avn)^biv, ovrs xalg iv ^oivtttg nng^" 
Xti ngdffjtaTa igani^aig, ovTt xolg xgvpoig ixniafid* 
atv,^ dXXa xg^^a^ foig ngogxvxoloaf xal ^ yvv^^S^K 
Xgvaog xal dnig(pvgog nal aiptXfjg ndgiaxiv * otii^' 
Si omdMtiawl^tovtigf^nofiii^ «ad >&imx^,:mtiyiigi>^' 



406 PLYTARCHX 

c^fixf» UfA dfSfitt nXo^oiaH6w tUrdyrjtat, Ptjwf d* 
tnqxge Xi/SnTdg m T^noddg %$' Tm re Xhxrw txov* 
Tixi, ual mqian&ifxai mf^l idg xlhnoit dlli&aaovah 
iovgolyox^ovgf fiBTOfi^utfKVovai Tiavra, miirva «^- 
tovai, XQV^ov, Sgyvqoif U^ox6XlfiTor, dnX&g nXov^ 
tstv 6/ioXo/otf9teg, dXXd twpgoovvtig ys , xdv (i6vog 
hinvfi, dilToU ual ivv^xlag. 



nAQYTAPXOY 

UEFl 

4 Y s si n I A :£. 



JSvw Twv in Tijg yffg (fvofxhm avTa ftdvioTtv a/^a 
tg ifiatt Mon a%aqna %a\ pXafitqdv tolg ^fiiqotg 
aniqfiaai' xal tfVTolg t^v av^ai^ txovta, aijfitta j' 
avtd nbiovvTai x^^9 ^* yttOQYOvvTtg 6v novfffSg, 
iXXd ytwalag ual niovog * ovtio dij leal ndOrf ^v- 
X^g iativ ov xi^otd, XQ^fl^V^ ^ tpiatiag tiov ^r^- 
fittTa, Tta} Xoyi^ naqaaxttv iqydaifiov kavrrfv intti^ 
li&g SwafUvfjg. iv TOVToig ti&tftat ttal t^v Xtyofii- 
ptftf Svaamiav, arifittov fiiv o^ qmvXov, atriav 9i 
fioX^Q^^ ovaav,, td ydg avtd tolg dvaiaxlfvTot/f 
pi aiaxvvdfitvot noXXdntg aftaqtdrovai * nX^ o« 
ti ivmSaj^ou «ffl aXyeiv ,_ k^ oig hm^a^vaaat, 



DE VITIOSO PVDORE. 4p7 

tovTOtg ng^gtauv, tiv/, wg iit^ivoig, t6 fj^sifd-ai, eiy- 
^iyi^ C^y yf*Q o avaidrjg ngog t6 aUjxg^v tvjiodfe 
de »al nqbg tb <paiv6fitvop alazgbf 6 ivdvawnriTogl 
vtti^oXi} yag toD aiax(>fttJ^ai, 'U &ela(oniia&au 
dio nal oSto) xixltjTat, rg6nov rivd tot 7tg'6ati7tov 
tft ^vxjf-avvdiargsnofnvov xal avvt^ardifc/^vTog/^s 
fttq rfjv xariiqisiav Sgliovrai Xiniiv itdtio pXeitHf 
noiovaav, ovrto t^v aiaxvrf^XiotP nixgi ro% ^rid* 
'ivrijSXhttiv rdtg ikoiiivotg litilkavaav , 9v(Mmitti^ 
avdfiatfav. o&^ 6 jikv ^^tcj^ t^v &valaxvTh<hf ovx 
fq)fi )k6gag iv rolg ^fifiaaiv sX^iv, dXXd 'n6gfpag • S f 
tvdvad^flTog aH ndliv, ayav ti ^^V r^g ipv^g 
%a\ tgvtptghv hiipaivkt ^td t^? ^iffSfo^, r^ {tno VQf 
uvataxifTtof firtav, aiaxifffjv f;noicf((i6(itydg. ^ 
(ktv olv Kdrm %Xtyt tcSv viatv fiiOAov dyan^if roift 
igv&giMvrag, tj roig &;^^<SyTff;* ig&tiig idii<ov ital 
dtddaxtov, rdv yf6yov fiSXXov v t6f iXtyx^v hihivai, 
»a» Tijy ^noif/iav fiaXXov ij tif iiif9ifvoK oi fJtJjP 
dXXd ital tott ngdg tdv y;6yov in^ittov xtx* ^o^o^ 
9tol^g Td ayav dfpatgtTiov 6^ ovx t/tror htot nroX*^ 
lti*tg uHOvaat xaxcS; ^ na&slv diiaavtsg, dntdtt* 
liaamv, xal ngo^xapro r6 naX6v, Ov tvvvfdivrtg y^ 
nofitivat r6 SdofyK 

It. OvTt dH rottovg nsgtonriof ovratg da&tvtSg 
ixovtag, oit av ndXtv ixsivfjv inatvtriov ri^v argt^ 
nrof xa) drtv^ itddtatv^ 

*jSf Bi t6 &ag^aXiof tt xal ififui^ig Srntifi igpldi^ 

tftaivtt Uvaidgxov xivtov fiivog. ^ 

dX£ ififitX^ ttva fAfixavfitiov aiyxgaaiv dftq>otf, t(A 



406: ;. PLV.TABCttr. 

f^i^ iufalf Syav xip iraiiiHaf' , tov d* dxmxov^ 
^ffdga T^v ua&iytiav u(fatQovaav * ji xal .xo^^c- 
^dmvfta dtHj/e^fiffy xal ovx dxivdvvog ^ toiy toio^* 
ttav nUovaaiim %iiXvaiq* &g ydq o /mQydg. ayQtov 
fUv i}cx67tT(av pXdaTtifia xal dyBvvig, avtd^sv agxi* 
dwg ififialdiv td axa(puov, dvitQtipz tr^v ^i^, % 
7t\)Q TiQoaayayatv InixavaBv • dyLTtiXn^ ds. uQoaiiav 
rojiris dtofiivi], xal fj^riXiag ij tivog Haiag dntdju^ 
vog, sHajpoig inupiQH tijv XHQa , dBdtdfg ^ ji:^ T^ioi^. 
lyiaivovtog dnotvfplmjji' ovtag 6 g>il6aoq)pg,<pd^6'- 
vo(v fiBv iSaiQmv viov ^vz^ig,. dyBvvig fihlattnAa xal 
9vati^daaBvtov, ^.q>iXaQyvQtav doiQOV , { ^^^i^do- 
viav imx6nt(av dx6kaatov, aifjtdaaBi. xal 9r4c£»» 
xal tafj^^v tuhbI, xa» ovkffV fia^Btav otav. ^c tqv^ 
(fCBQW ftiQBi yfvxijg xal dnal(ff xoXovovta ^Qpaaydy^ 
l6yov, (ohiviati.t6 dva»noi>ijm^ov xal diat^n^fn* 
vov) Bvka^Bltai, ftf^ Id&ij tovtoig avvanoxiijfag t6 
aidoiffjuBVOV, xixf yaQ (d tit&at fuv PQBtfZv ixtQi* 
Sovaat noXkdxig x6v ^hnov, ikxovaiv iviots Tijr 
adQxa xal paaaviiovatv. o&bv ov dBi tmv vmv nav^ 
tdnaaiv iv XQ^ t-qv dvataniav ixtQi^ovrag, ■ oUyu» 
Qovg noiBiv xa\ kiav dtQimovg,, dkl* mgmQ.Ql x«- 
takvovtsg oixiag IsQolg yBityimjog, td ys avvtx%xa\ 
nkfiaioviwjt xal diBQsidovaiv ovji» dsl ti)v Ofuavh 
niav xivslv^dBdL^tag avvB(pskxvaaa-&(U td OfiOQovr' 
Ta T^; aidovg xal t^g intBiXslqg xal t^^ ^Q^t^» 
t»gp' olg ino^iHvxB xal nQogninksxtat xokcnBvovaa 
toy tvdvadtnrjtov,. t^ (pddv&Q(anov xa* nokixt^dv 
xai xotvhv Bjcovta voxsv, na\ ovx d^B^xxovg^ oilf av^ 



DE^ VraOSO PVBORE. '^ 

amiaayi lya /uijde Tijik oftmvfiiay -^^ n»&H:n^6(jpu» 
M9 Tav pXArtthw anoXinmiy, dX£ tjiiiv x^V^^f^^ 
rotf..6M6fiaaiP davuof^ttvf^T&g ddwaav, palXoi di 
X>HriQUi&g. nal yaQ ixiXvog ilnty 

Mdo^gt ^j Sydgag fiiya aivrtaiy r^S^ ovivfiot' 
maX^ itaxZg 16 ^Xunuiv avt^g ngouQOv slm. yl' 
MTUi ydgiq>sXiiiog vn6 tov X6yov t6 hXbovHI^ov m- 
qaXdvrog, xal t6 nhgiov dnoXin6vTog. 

III; ngmov ovv dtl lovro nU&ta^at iov vn6 
mlX^g dvaciniag .piat6fitvov , oit nd&si /iXafifg^ 
ot^cjifBTOi»* xaXov 6& t&v fiXa/SfQtav ovSiv ovde dtl 
%oig ttalvoig xriXoifitvov iljdia&at, xofnfj6v xal iXa» 
^ov drti' atfivov xal fitydXov xal dtxaiov nQoaayo^ 
^§v6ft$vpv, fii^d* wgntg 6 £vQmi6ov H^yaaog. 
. ^Emiiaa vntixav fiaXXov, t] diXoi, 
%m BtXXtgofp^vtfj , talg diofiivoig tavtdv. ixdi66vaA' 
xiti awtxtantivovv, (fofiovfitvov dxovaai to, axAijr 
gdg ysxal mntjvtig. t^ fiiv ydg Alyvntita Boxx^gi- 
^i, (pvatt x^XtntS ytvofiivfff f tt]y danida Xiyovait 
vno t^g "loidog intntfi(p&flaav, xal tjj xttpaXff ntr 
gt9Xi;i^ta€n^dv(o&ty iniaxt(il^ttv,Xya xgivij dtxcitoig* 
fl di tot dvaokniutBlg dt6votg xal dvdvdgoig dnuttt- 
uiivfi,:xal ng6g fnidiv dvavttaat,. fojd* dvittnttv 
taxifova^, xal IkxaCovtag dnotgintttov dtxaiov, 
xal cvfifipvltvovtag intatofiiiu ,. xal Xiyttif noXid 
nml ngdtuiv dvayxd^t tav a/^qvZ^Toiy * 6 9 dyv»*^ 
ffioriatwto^ dxl tov toioit^v 9tan6tfig iaHitaixga^ 



410 PLVTA^CHI 

xtl, t$ fiij cidtia&m t6 aldolftwop iiilhtt^dfKPo^ 
S&tv wgjtBQ x^Q^^y vnuov nal ftaXaxdv { SvowTtia 
fifjdsfiiay tvTB^iv d^&aat fitid* anoatgiyfm dvvofii» 
vtl, toXq aUrx^^tot^ fidaifidg iati ngdyftaat ital ntc^ 
^eat' imxi ftiv ydq avtfi natdtxijg ipgoVQdg filixiag, 
(tfg Mktys BgovTog, ov ^onuv avt^ xahmg tijv Uf^ 
diatsdsia^i thv ngbg fitjdh dgvoiffitvov • %ax^ da 
&ttXdfiov xttl yvvaixfavittdog inixQonog, uig gnjaiv 
^ naQtt t^ JSb^oxXu fistavoovaa ng^g tdv fiotxov ' 

"^nuaag, i^&totffag. 
Stay { dvavtnia nQodt«(p&iiQaaa t6 axdXaatov, 
mvu>XVQa ndvta xa\ axXHata nal xatdvtti nQodidta^ 
ai tolg inittd-tfiivoig, xal Htddvug fiiv alQovaitfig 
fi^tXvQtatdtag t&v qivamv t^ di 7t$i&av »«» dvg^ 
ntXv noXXdtttg xajBQyd^ovtat xal tdg intBiXhig, iS 
dri tdg lig td XQVf^o^^^ot ^Xdpagvnd toif dvaninBiadaty 
davsi^ovtojv, olg dntatovatv, iyywafiivmv, oig ov&i' 
Xovatv inaivo^vtw fxiv t6 ^Eyyva, noQa d* ata, 
XQiia&tti d' avta ntQl td nQayfiata firj dvvaftivcnf. 
IV. "Oaovg d* dviJQtjxs tovto t6 nd&og, ovx av 
tig il^aQi&fiflOttito Qttdia^, xal ydg 6 KQi(av, ngog 
Tiji' Mfidttav tinav '■ 

kguaaov di ptoi vvv ng^g a dnex&ta&at, yvvai, 
''H fittX&axia&iv&^ vattQOV fiiya ativttv 
iXXoig iyvontoX6yijatv * avtog de t^g dvamniag ^i- 
my ytvofiBVog, xal fiiav (ifiiQOP altovfiivfj doi% 
inAXtaa tov olxov, tviot di xal aipaydg ttpOQOifit^ 
voi imi'g>ttQfiaxBiag, dtstQdnriaav, ovtu naQttTt^^ 
iffo ie/iW| oix dyvoijaa^ impovXtvovtu KdXXtn' 



DE VITIOSO PVliORE. 4{\ 

nov, ttki ataxvvd^^^i q>vXAxTta^m qdXov Svta m1 
fivov. ovjag *AviinajQog 6 Kaadvd^ov Jtjfirijgiov 
fia^ag inl dnnvov, eJta nXrjjS-Hg t^ vGtsqaia nq6^ 
dvjov , "^i^ia&ri nematevfiivog amojsiv , nal nogsv- 
^tls iafpdyri fisjd td ^bikvov. ^gaxXia Se, top 
4lt^vdq(^ yev6f4svov i% Bagaivfig, &fioX6yriae fjtsv 
Kaadvdgt^ noXvani^X^ ovaiQt)aeiv inl taXdvjoig 
ixatdv , CiT inl deinvcv ixdXei * tov di fieigoHiov 
Tf/y xXijaiv ^ogoifiivov xal dsSotxSjog, SXXmg ^s 
ngo(ffaaiZoftivov fiaXajtuijegov 1/54 v, iX&wv 6 Ito^ 
Xvanigx^% "ngmov elnev 'j2 na^i, fiiftov tov na- 
rgog t6 eihcoXov noti qtXiraigov, et ft-ij vi^ Jla SiSoi- 
nag ^fiagf^impovXewovtag, mdeaj^elg oJf ^xoiLoiy- 
&iiaev 6 rsaviaxog- ol 8e ikinv^aavteg avt^v H^gay^ 
ydXiaav. ov ysXo7ov ovv, {wg <paal tiveg) ovffdpil' 
tegov, dXXd aoqfdv t& joj^ ^IIat6$ov 

Tdv qnXiort* iid t^dttu xaXeiv, tdv 3* ix&ghv 
iaaai, 
^i} 3va(onovxhv fitaovvta, firjHt vniv^aXe mcrteietv 
Soxo^vta. xXridriai} ydg xaXiaag, xal detTtv^asig, 
av dsinviarig, Sgneg pacprp^, t^v (pvXdtJOvaav am" 
eriav fjtaXixx&etaav atax^vjf ngoiftevog. 

V. *yflg ovv noXXav xaxuv attiov t6 v6arifia ov, 
rovjo nstgajiov dnoPidSsa^at jfj dax-^aei, ngwjov 
ag^ftivovg {aigneg ol taXXa fteXejSvJtg) an6 rwv 
utxg&v xal ftri aq^dga dvaavjtpXiTtJtov* olov, iv 
dslnv^ ngonivet Jtg adrjv ixovjf ftrj dvauTtTi&ffg, 
^trjds ngoaPtd^jrj aavjdv, dXXd xajddov t6 nerf- 
gtov^ avd-tg hegog nagaxaXsl xvpsvttv nagd n6tb1^- 



412. PLVTARCHI 

a^- dvatmvidyiq, firjde Ikiafiq (s^^mx6mvo^^ ovlX* w^- 
ihQ Stvofpa¥fiq , AdaoV tov ^EQfAiolfifag (irj fiovXo- 
fKVOv aVT^t avynvfihbiiv dtddv dnoxixlovvtog, taiio- 
i4ytk xal ndvv dsMg $tva$ ngdg tdalaxgd xal aroX- 
ft09. ftfiXiv, ddoliax]l avv^vxfixag imXafjifiavofAivo» 
xal mgiJtXsxoiiivo»' firj dvaomii^fjg, dXXd diax6ipag 
insfyov xal nigaivs x6 ngoxtifisvov. oS ydg totav* 
xat q>vyal xal dtaxQoiattg, iv iXaq>QaXg fiifAXftsaixrfv 
fisXixfiv Bxovaat xov ddvawjxrixov, nQos&tCovaiv ij- 
fMginl xd fuiiova, xal x6 xov Jrifioadivovg ivxenj- 
^a xaXmg c/s» diafivnifiovsvstv. xm ydg U&tjvaliav 
iQfiflfiimv *AQndXio po^&siv, xal xoQvaaofiivatv im 
t^K UX^avdQOV, i^aUpvfig kns^dvri 0iXdSgvog, 6 xSv 
inl ^aXdxxrj nQayfidxw UXs^vliQov atQaxtjySg. 
ixnXayivxog di xov dt]fjiov, nai anmuvxog dtd j^v 
tp6(3ov, 6 Jfjfioad-ivfjg* Tt noiyaovatv (sq^ri) tof^ 
fiXiov Mvxsg, ol fi^ dvvdftwoi ngbg tdr Xifx^ov dv^ 
tiSXinsiV; tl yttQ noifiasig iv ngdyfiaai fisydXoig, 
fituFiXitog ivxvyxdvovxog, ^ d^fiov dvotanovvxog, si 
ftoxriQiov dnwiaa^aiftiq ditvaaai nQorttvpvxogaift^' 
^ovgj fifid* ddoXiaxov Xaffqv dia<pvyslv, dXld ndtQi^ 
XStg ifiniQinatslp q^XvdQfj^ aavx6v, cvu svxovuv ei- 
n»tv' ^'Oipoftal a$ av&ig, vvv ^* o^ axoXdpa. ' 

YL Kal ft^v ovdi ^ ngdg xovg iMvovg toi/'^- 
dv9»witov fttXixii xal aaxriatg ir (ttxQolg rfal iXdt'' 
qtQOlg-^Xg^^f^^ ioxtv. olov, iv avpmoalta qiXov x<« 
^Q^g ^i «oywff, ^ noXlo^ Xtikfi^Sdg itavfifti^og' 
imtQifisi>*Miifa»dQOv^ ol di noXXol itgtittVaintil 
'^tnffH^tfaff • ^vdiv, iHf^ttt, f0Xt7ffy,M^di Mtfuo- ' 



DE yiTIOSO PODORE. 413 

Xov axovw mvmfi, H(H ftJi nmgdtd (pourdfttvor ai^tr 
hv^ii^S inamiv, iap ydg iPitovTOig fiij N^aT^ 
accvzov, ti noti^Bts, <pUov nolri/ia q>aiflov dvayir 
V6ia*oifjog, ^ kdyov imdtiHVftivov yBjfgafifjihfOv on- 
jfiXjiQa^xal ytXolag ;i?iaiviaHg dtilov6jt,Kal avr9r 
m&ogvff^osig joig TtoXamiovat. nSig ov» iv n^d^ 
yfiaaiv dfiaqjdvovjog imX^ifffj; nwg ds mQl a^;H*^ 
^ ydfiov y) noltjiiav dyvutfiovovvja vov&tjfiaiig^f 
iyb) fikv ydq ovds Jo Tov JltgtKUovg dnodexofUii, 
nqdgjov diiovvju fiaqjvqlav ^tvStf fiUQJVifiaai 
ifikov, ji nQoaviVfial oqnog, tKi6vjoi' MixQt toD 
fimfiov (fiXog (Ifii. Xiav ydg iyyiig tjX&tv. oden^Q^ 
^dfv havjbv i&iaag fitiJt Xiyovjog inaivtlv nagd 
yvtafirjv, fii^j ^dovjog xgojtlv , fitfjt axutnjovjeg. d^ 
■^viag imytXav, ovjt idatt fiixQt tovjov nQotX&tlvt 
qv5* tlniiv nQog joviv ixtivoig dSvaannJov* O- 
fiotaov vnig ifiov, xal td yf€vd7] ftaQJvgf^ov , xal 
undqffivat noQd td dixaiov, 

'\ll. Ovjta da dtl xal nQdg Jovg aUovvjag dg* 
yvQiov dvjaiqttv, nQOt&tJjSfttvov iv totg fit^jt fityo^ 
Xotg, fiiixt dvgnaQatjiiJOtg, UQxiXaog ftiv ydQ,6jCSi9 
Mantdovodv ^aaiXtvg, nuQa Iklnvov aitvid%ig tain»*. 
fta xQvaovv vn dv0Quntov firfiiv r\yovfiivov xaAdiv 
tfjo Xafi^vtiv, iniXtvatv EvQtnidtj t6v naida dov^ 
vat , ' X(x2 nQog tov Svd-Qanov inttvov dnofili\ffag* 
2v fiiv (untv) aljftv intjrndtiog tJ, itdl firi Xafifid^ 
rttv ovjog di, Xafifidvtiv %al fi^ altwv SQtatm 
jov didovat %al xo^Qiiit/S&at xvqiov notSsv to nQivov^ 
dXldfi^ j6 iivemnQVfitVQVM r^fiugds noXXiitis dt* 



4^4 pLyxARgm^ 

(HOQur-Kis, ktaQois tdtovaip hikXtgfig. xo» Itmft&q 
idauuxfuv, ou Hoviitu ^^lHQarfBgf ulX d^r^ama&tu 
j^rj dvrti&iwug» oignBf^ *4niyovog 6 jfi^iaP hn6 Sia^ 
toq ivozXfid^dg TtoXlouug* J6n ( cl)f«) JB^omr» Tci* 
lawzop, Ko* avd/*ij. xaizot T&y fimnliMV ^akko^ta 
ifAgisHig f^p nal m&opdg dnoti^ta&M td Toiavia. 
Kvyaiov ydff noT% dga^iiiiP cuj^aartog avtdw OC 
^aaikutbv {jupfi) t6 dafta' toi; di vnojvx^vvog' Mg 
ovp fioi' TdXairtop * iniirt^asp* ^JlX ov *vrt»op 
%6 l^iifMi Jtoyiptfg fAtp ovp tow dpliQid^taf ^tm 
mQtiw ip I£fQU(uix£, nal tt^^ tou^ Mv/fofarTtfC 
tXtytr dnotvyxdPtiP fuXit^p. f\fHP dk ir^wvoy ifi^ 
fttXftijtiop iatl toig fpavXotg, »al yvfiPaatiop sif^ 
Tiir fuxqd, jtQog lo dqpttadai tolg.altowHP ov nffOfm 
fixopttog Xi}jffOftiPOig * 10$ ap fjtfiSpatp dnottvitattf 
imnoVQttp l^oi^fv. ovJfi^ yaQ {&g 6 Jtiftoa^Ptig 
(pijaip) itg a ftii dti xatopaXbtaag.td naQdp^a, tup 
ftri noLQdpwp tvnoQ^ast nQog a dtu ylypttmt 8i 17- 
fi*p TtoXXetnXdaior t6 tuaxQor , otap iXlinvftittif «4; 
td xaXd, nXtopdaapttg toig ntQtttotg. 

VIII. ^£nil d^ ov ;t^/iaT»y fi6pov .^ dvaiania 
xax^xal dypdffuop iatlp oixop6ftog, dXXa xaX ntQt 
td fttiCopa naQatQtltat t& avftqdQOP tov Xoyiattov ' 
xal ydg iatQOP poaovrttg ov nofaxaXovfitp T^y tft* 
tttiQOP, aiaxvp6fitpot top avp^^ti ' xaX natal dida 
axaXoyg dptl tup zn^iotiip toi/g naQmxalovpuxg mU 
Qovfu&a' xal dixnp tzovttg noXXdxtg oix OtfttP tU 
ftup top iKfiXtftop xal dyOQfiiprg di£. oixti^» Ti^of 



DK TITIOSO PVUORE. 415 

. yi^^hcu\ tilo^ di noXXovg i<sttv 'MLv nttl tc5v ^i- 
Maofpttv Xsyjofiifmn, ^Emtovq^lovg nal ^tmxovg 
Kytor^, ovx i^fdrovg, ovdi %qivttrt€tg, iiXd ngogdB' 
liivofVg dvawrotdiv ohuiotg xal tpiXotg' q>igi dr^ xa» 
j-nti^g r»^%d n6q^vid-iv iv rolg initv%oiiat xal fii-, 
$Lijolg yvfivdljafav kavrovg, i^lCovng fi^rs xovqii, 
't*titt yvaq>iif wnddvaomiav xQ^ad-at, /uiJts xaia- 
k^HV iv i^alXi^ navdoxila, (ieXtiovog nag6vxog, Sn 
^olldntg 6 navddxevg vjandaajo fifiSg' dXX* t&ovg 
tvsxtt, xav t} nagd fitxgov , algsiax^ai t6 fiiXtioy 
.manfg^ ol Uv&ayogtHOiTiotgffpifXattov djtl firiSinots 
«^ dt^i^ fHfgtj^ tdv svdivvfiov inttt^ivat, fitide tov 
agftta» dvtl tov negtttoX) Xaptiv, tHv vcXXiav iniijjig 
^tirtav, -i^ariovde, xal &vaiav notovfitvov , tJ 
ydfjtov, ffttva aXXr^v toiavtriv vnodoxriv, fjifj jov 
.4antiadfiiVov xaltiv, ^ ngogdjgafidvta, fiStXiXov, f\ 
•^ifv Bvvovv xal XQ^otdi^ 6 ydg o^to); idta&ftg xul 
• daxffiffag, duadXwtog Botat,, fiulXov (^ oXoig dveni* 
-XlUfiftog ir totg fniioat* 

IX, JlMgl fdv ovv daxifieiag Ixavd xac TauT»* 
wv di XQV^P^^ iniXoytap&v ngCjt6g iattv 6 dtdd" 
oaMiv naV inofitfiVf^axav^ ott-ndat fiiv TOi$' nd&eotv 
MtoXQV&elxal tolg voaiifiaatv, S fpel^yHv $i avj(av 
dwtovfMv, dSbiiat,<fytXQdoiiaig, xalXi^nat qnXtido" 
viettg, imVn6voi'fiaXaxiatg, 3ttx2 <piXov€txiaig t^ttom 
«Mf« lenTo^Uxeri *' tfjHi &va&mia avfifiiSijitev axtxvwc 
^vyp^ajf.xanvi^ a^o^iag, eignvg ift/idXXe^v tav^ 
^^ «{«l^fWff/Gityo* ydg dvttXiyuv toig dyviafi^vtii 



416 il>i;.:VTARC»l 

ttlax^^^ 6ftol9yoviiiiniP hnoftiwmm. «tf* yeiQ^ 
. TovyTpc:. ttQyifQu>y ipikov » dvawmfQt^fng arntmiv, 
ovH ^oyiec» daxii(iovotfi^>fu% oU/ot^i^fiXiyx^P*^^'' 
xttl ^oti^auv Sfiokoyiiaumg ipiotg, Mmpf tx^^^''^» 
{Ixa %ovg kngovg dioTifttTtimg, dwnt^fnoKUu «•• 
.{^QqiTftuiioyqt. noXkovg.di iml JOfl ydftov jf (nffl) 
y^&vyttJQdg y7 udiXq)^ iig .ofJtokoyiav dkvattek^ nam- 
ntkpiaaott dvawTtlttf tffsvdea&tti .ndkv dvayxdin fu^ 
•tuu^fiivovg, 

X.^0 fih yciQ eljtw, oundmg-olt^yldak» 
naioixotipug ivl dovi.tvovaiv dv^Qt»^ Sia td fi^ 
diyaa^tti fiiav iXnilv tiiv Ov avkkafiffv, ovk ^nro^ 
daaev, «U' taxonps' tolg di dvaomovfiivoig , «or 
pridBv iljttoatv, t^tauv otpQVv iit^Qaat fidvov, t) ud^ 
taMviffaai, Ttolkdg dpovk^iovg Kai dtiiMOvg vnov^ 
yiag diaqitvyeiv, t^v yaQ mwtiiv 6 ftiv JEvQtnidttf 
ipifal tolg aoqtolgdndxQtaiv^slvaf xiv^weitofup t9i 
fidkkov avtijg dstad-ai ngdgtoig dyviaftovag' ixf^ 
tovg xotgievtctg iatl xal .nagfiyoQSIaai * xak. nQoxu^ 
yt dfl xal avxvd tutv imqfttvmv xett dye^Mv M/pd^r&p 
^X^v djto^iyfittta^xai fivnfiopibup nghg to^-dm^ 
oiJToyyTa; * oloy t6 ^mivtvog nQ^gjimnatffOfp' Ov 
diivaaai ftoi xal ^U^ j^f^^o^ai xat xdiaat^ nal 
ngog tovg^A&fivaiovg, hudovvaiXMiUifOPUv 0Wfkp 
iv ioQt^, xttl xgotovvtag' Ataxvvofiat {tiswn^ hp^P 
v^ imdidovg, toifti^ di f$i dnodtMg' .^KMuikim 
hiy^S t6v dav^iativ nvTov. .it^vimv ydg.m^.iftm^' 



DE VlTiOSO PtJ0ORE. 41^ 

n(^.%6v mtovptm'dvammohfiAvit9 tlnilih 

.Oiwiun cV atr^Of^ ici/Mki «r&rr; a^got' 

j&doTf^ ax^XitiiftOHftw tSn^md^ni^atg. - 

jm^^i tt/o^.imltfe^Ql9i^^t^to'*t&Wftp4lLatop^ 

JCai tt naoiyritc» ytkdaag inl / ai yr w yg &ic9at/ 

^ctvfidaaptai i* iiuh&ff^nAi^tmipiog' OStmg, i 

Jli^fmU, jfOf»n&gf > Nah {tlntp) *v» ifMtGg' efmii^ 

09^ 3tal fii wofUa&g'^mtaH(ai9. ' noXUl yd^^t^a^ 

m^pauttimpn^oifv^woi^^ ntat^Pt&mqop^ijtf^iM* 

o TOt^ Ju>^/l#K fmt^ BJt&ft^. '■ 

ILL jm»6 nhkw 'jSUa^t t(S''MSnHflff (^; 
dmvg n^^oHfCiopittmolii^^ i^ ttoip ^aitii^lt^ 
iMmuuiaa^fdt^ntf'» dta^tt^oa4y^^a^^fif4ftiat4l^ 
ttUvtomfi* TQdfim M^oo^td^ nit^M^Tthlt^ 
iioa^mu ^ifi&tti^liioth SbPoit^Anig^l^faulat^ ^ 
avi0^imtiip '^fimuts SpHOg wti^Smmniat htAfih 
€p»%^ tmla^tfitiat mhnM^X^^^kttt&t^k^ 
ap^iivmap oi xf^^Kmffit^ if/oif4Mk^ tlHltmai^' ' 
udttKu i* ait6^totmiaaMpoc;ahA9t^fiiPt^f}f4j. 
Tivos ^ot^^atf^fit^-to^tdKPiOi^ 4<(l^' iitipf^^ ^ 
tdmtt JStPoa^ihU S* ff^ayiti na^a^ iittfktJdeto^ ] 
goPiad hotn^i^iiH^^, ^gia^piat7iiawy^'6:f0't(St^^ 
Ztaaa^ttff^^yvdtiinp^^^fah 9iat^^lki^ nM^iil 
int^tiftmm tf^ifgmot^o^, ^ttl ^fifiixia nqoiiiAt'* 
PX.YT. MoK. IU> T) «1 



i>l#8 PLVTAttCHI 

• 

^tttmitlx^ftamt pidTtrorKg iavta^s, ov (iB&* ^80- 
i%; mgnfQ ol tmg kxaigaig^ z^Qil^dfABPot ital toTi? xS* 
Joi^p, diXd dvaxB^hoptfg nal /iaQVpSfJitpoi r^ 
•mmudBimi^ ayatQinovaav r\ftSip *al xata/Stn^ouinjv 
i4y^oy*9fi^v, ti yoQ ngdg aXlo w, %al nqd^ rovg 
^ivawto^PTog sSboup $iniip r6 - 
'-i y--^ Map&uvo^ fih, olot dgap fiilXoi xaxci, 
9ef>if>Fvdij fMtQTvg&v, ^ td firj dixaia HQlvotv, ^ td 
fii} avfupiqovta x»iQOtov&p, ^ davn^6fASPog vniQt&v 
fnianodiiaovtog. 

iti Xil. Jio t&v nadmp fidXiata t^) hvammJa^ai 
t^fotapoBlv ovx vaxiQov, dXJk 9V&ifg iv olg Tr^err^ 
W, ndgeatn nal ydq lkS6vt9g dx96fit&a, 9tdl fiag^ 
tatgo^vttg aiaxw6fi9&m, xal avvegyotvttg^ddo^fnlf^ 
U9V, xal fc^ nagixovttg iXtyx^^^^- ftolXd ydg, iii 
dad^tptiag Tav dptiXiyttP, xa» twp ddwdtfav tffttv 
htta^vfi$&a to^ig dtl nagovatv * wg avatdatig iv 
^vXrnig, nal ng6g ^ytfi^fag ivttilttg, firj ^ovXopttPot, 
«qcT' tvtovovvTtg tlntlv * Ovx oHtv fifiSg 6 paat^ 
4sg6g, &XJ^ ktigovg 6ga ft&lXop. &; jihaav^gog *Ayff 
tfijUcM nffogyttngovnoig, d^toifitpog de fiiyiaxop dOva^ 
a^m -mtf avt& dtd t^v do^av, ovn ^axifvtto na^ 
mttia&at toig ivtvyxdpoptag, dntivat ngdg hifovg 
mXe^m, x(A mtgma&at t&v ftSiXXov aviotf nagd rS 
"^iaatlti Swaftimv, ov ydg aiaxg^v to fiijf ndi^ta 
^vaa&at^ t6 di, fjtii Swafiivovg, ^ fii^ nttjpVMdtag^ 
'«Kmr^4rfv^ai td toiavta nal nagaptd^a&at, 'ngdg 
'«5. alaxgt» xo* Xvn^g6rat6p iafiv, 
-^i^'^KHLji.11 uXXi^g y dgx^g* td fiiv fi^gta iroc 



DE VITIOSO PVDORE, 419 

dvauvovfiiyov^ dlV ^xovjas* iv di xok fikaSt^ts 
JMM didnot^ t6 jov Z^vmvoQ iii nQdxHQOV ixt^', t^ 
aTtanioms^ Jtvl vtavlau^ j&y ovrtiBw 71«^ t^nS- 
gOQ novx^ fiadliftvjt^.xal nv&6fifrog, on ^tv^t^- 
lov d^ovvj» iiaqjv^Xv avj^ jd ^wdij • Ti Uyuq^ 
(^i^acy) d§il%i^z'y ai fiir ijmvog d^vmftoviHv xal 
ddnt&v ov didtfv, ov^ ataxvvtJai* av (^* htuvotf 
vni^ j&V' dixaionf ov ^agfug vnoajlpfdi} 6 ftitf 
fdq Hnav Uojl j6v novfi^v ovk SxifliaJOV oniiop 
a . novii^ia * ttaK&g i&llju fiifioufuivoy - dfiinad^at 
v^v xaniay j6 (^ jovg dvqtUi^ xal dhtawn^jns 
irox^ovvjag dnojql^w(^ai J^ a^vaiajTiif^ » ual ^ 
Xaqliea&ou^ ru aiaxi^ Jolg dvatax^PJOtg aiaxvp^ftMf- 
vor, oifd^&g xal dtxalwg yw6fav6v iaJt», vn6 %mp 
9pvv ixdvjnv^ 

XIV. *£ji joivvv jSv dvatanovvjiiP roig fihf a^ 
dd^tg xal jantt»oig xal fifidsv6g d&oig ov fiiy§h§f' 
^pr dvjiax^v dlkd xa\ fujd YiXmog crio» xal puF- 
%d axAfifia-Jog. ix nUvova^ . to vg. jotoifjovg * Ag 09^ 
arfiTO^^. dviiy na(f avxov iv fiaXaviU^ ojUy/idd xi^ 
Xgajfiivwv, jov fiiv Hvov, jou di yv^lfiov. jcAcanli^ 
fiiBjd naidtSgifiiftf^jiQovg diitM{foiaato , iimor^ JSi 
uiv ovx olda , ai dt olda. Avatfidxnf di-U^vfjOsa^ 
il t^g Uokidiiog-li^ta, jwv rd i^Qd nqog0tyay6rmv 
OQWx6f$tttv iyz^t x$liv4vj€0v WU' 6nv&,.(^n^feii 
afu jovjo ndjQtov yivf^jat, xal livnyovog n^um 
rtaviaxov, ytyov6ja ftiv ix lo^o^ol/ ^(fitlrTogi. «»- 
fikvO* &joXftoy ovja nal fialax6vi, d^mivtd iH ngor 

T)i\ 2 



4W PLVTARCIII 

ytt^l«i (ialiff oi ^nwvQvyu&iait tif»aL 

XVk Ka\ fifjff imv>mg 6 dvawniap cr^So; ^ mal 
hfpmtog, {€% d^ fmkimtm mml d%f^nmgmltfiro$ sioi 
^V9mrt6tQ$met ne^itmg x^Btq kuI tis^ ^«fi^oiriiqJMf 
4¥tv/X^P0pt9g tiUiv) a^p^ih Bn^it&^^JSituip., vimg 
i»t f»y> nffdg^KdtXov^ ov* av ttw ipmwiti ^6tmm , 
ff9€9gt ovi* mpaynaltv* 6 ymq Kdxhoiq ^y fdviv a$if*» 
/uaf » tmv *P»fMmlmfv fmjiatm, %al t6i9 ttfv ri/ui^iYxi}» 
^Z^P dxw * avi^ J^ nf 6p tov Ka^nm tttayfdvow 
dmi Tofi 99iftooiov*tmfmiov, nmQmn9io6fiKv69 ny» 
%&v ifyifiimfiivmv iitfavtoVt %mi kinaqiig iylvnm 
ta^ Jiij anfC' fifogfiimSSfUvg " axiftg^i i9ogawMmx9* 
tfiomQ ^KftMf'^ j6ox^T4mv, (l^) Kitkt, o^ «•». 
n|K^fiiy> «mmUdt;^^»» juii povk6fjuvov^vt^^v wtA 
%»v ifi&v vnfiQ9t&v (kMta&ai* xal 6 KiAtkog-m*- 
axw&itg, n^ Ofyriv an^%&$> OK6n9»di ftfi^t^ toZ 
k/ffO*kmov, xmltisoi^-OifiiOtonkiovg 4nuimiot9fim 
ioti mml fi9ti^mbt9^n. , 6 ift$v*ymf UyfiOiAmag vnit^o 
Mi^ x9k$v6fi9vog-x^mi t0va>dimiivmo^vdmv&^ 
ftmv^^ WU' hno owy (t^) ^nmt9^w9i9w&mt^ mk 
«i%M<9 iii^t^aoniptfvmm a(u^* ^^ ^ ^^ *»*> ^*^ 
^fiai ftffHv mooitv n m f mwfiO Vi 6 Siji&i^uotamMK 
9»f6g tihf StfLmmih^v ^ «^«ovvtoL V9 tmv fi^^ dimmiim* 
0ot^ mvav ftoifit^ a/a^ j%» («V?) ««?« /««A^? 
ff#Mi»/ ovr tti^ iymxgfiotdg ofx^ ««^piv vipom^m^n 
V9im. 

XNliigdniUH .oi dik Tijv tov noHdg n^g ttjv 
li^av^dftitgimi^f wg nkdt9$v4^y9^ xe» Ttivkmg jnJAm, 



DE VITIOSO PVDDRE. 4^ 

'Xal jniaxovoiv, dlXm Sui 'itjv m^ t« v^ffia luii 
aMaw nhiufiskttav. dll^ ^ftmg moi T^y «i^ /u<Af«M 
xal ft^dftfiaai xal fiitqoiq duqlpitu:» ait^l iBpvld%^ 
^oarng, iti(fovs iv u^aig ^al it^iai aotl 9t^a|f(rly 
«s$iovtf«y oXtytoQtiv tov nal&g tx^$T9S. dio-xal to4- 
«w fidliata xiffiatiav nffdg aitoiig, ivtvyxdvH axu 
^MCfii^m qr\tm(iy ^ fiovXtvovti dfifiaymy6g' ofAolif 
yffaovy ittv intivog aoloMiaif TT^aoifJnaJiifAtvog f 1} 
Paqfiaqiaji dtffyovfitvog • ov ydq i&tX^at^ dm la 
ipaiv6fitvoy aiax^v* ivlovg yovv og^fjitv ovds avyi^ 
«fovcrat fpmviisvti fMv^tv iv t^ ksyttv vnofjtivovtag* 
CTf ^ ndUv dvamnovvta wv imipavwv ttal iv$6^ 
Sm,ttiXtvaov o^/ov^troy d«* ayof^agi^tX&i^v^iiika* 
tfT^fi^ovTa t6 nQ^gomov idv d' d^tat, a6g iatt» 
4fxatgdg tlntlv, 7tal:nv&ia&at, tH aXaxtov iatt^ To 
noXoittiaat %aX dtaaj^i^iai th ngdaanov, rj t6 Xvaa^ 
^9j^.y6ftav, uttl na^fliivai tdv qqmv, ml nXiovvtX" 
fiat ft^ Ttovfif^ <TOV aya&ov nofd ta 6hc4>nav, m 
witWf, Agxtq 3}i$%6at(fatog 6 JlQyiiog , U^tidftav 
-naqattaXovvtog avtov inl.XQi^Aoai noJdotg %ai ydfHf 
ywfamog, iig.fiovXnat, jianmvijg rtaqadavvai K^ 
-fiOM)», QV» tiffi ytyovivas t6v ""/^l^ftov dfp ^H^t* 
«nUottf* inuvov ftiv ydq dnonttvvivat nt^l6v}a 
itaii nav^ovg, tovto^ 6$, tou^ x^^^^^ noiiiv tto* 
yff^vg* ovTtt ftal f^fuv ngdg av&gtonov d^to^tm 
MaX6v H^yot&6v 'XiytaOat, ^fytiov, av j^mSfitat uai 
dvatom^, fjt^ nginovttt noiilv fjtii^ il^ta tr^g mfi ai" 
9Q»giy9vtiag «< ttai df^ti^g. 



422 PLVTARCUI 

votXaiai^ tovqnldgyvgov h dvatanriaiig avtv cVftfiom 
Xaiav davuatU aoi Takavjov, ti t6v ^iXdrij^oy mt'- 
ai^g ixaifjvat t^g ngOidgiag, fj rov filagxov tijg 
Itagayyiliag, inidoSov ovta HQOtriativ. deiviv ydg 
av dkri&&g fpaviiri , tovrovg fiiv iv voarifiaai xal 
na&rifjiaatv dKdfinxovg diaftivttv %al ix*fgovg mri 
dvofjtBtad-iiovg, tifidg di, (iovXo^ivovg xal fpdaxov^ 
iag uvat q^tXoxdkoijg xai q>tXodtxaiovg , fjiij x^atttt 
iavtSiv, «AJt* dvatQintadat xal ngotia&at t^v o^^ 
triv. xatydg, ii }iiv oi dvaionovvtsg int d^ri xai 
HvvdfJitt tovto notovatv , dton6viatt, xoaftovvtti^ 
higovg xat av^ovtag, da^rifioviiv avtovg xai xurl&^ 
dxovttv wgntg d nagaPgafitifovttg iv tdtg dyStat, 
xat xoiQii^f^i^ot mgl tdg xitgotoviqg, il^ ov nQOgtj» 
xdvtiav dgx^^oi ^^^ attqtdvovg aXXotg xat d6$av, ^ 
qtatgovvtat t6 tvHoSov at/tav xaltd xak6v' cl de 
Xgryidtuv tvtxa ngoaxtifitvov 6g&fitv t6v ^vaoiitoify- 
ta, niag ov nagiatatat 6ttv6v ttvai t6 trjg idiag 66- 
irjg xal dgttrjg dq.ttdiiv, tva t6 tov Sttvog fiaXdv^ 
itov fiagvttgov yivrjtat; xaitot nagiatatai yt tok 
hoXkotg td tota^ta , xai ov kav&dvovatv iavtovg 
iidfiagtdvovttg* Sgntg ol tdg fitydkag xvXixag iur 
fiiivtiv MvayxaififiLtvot , fi6kig , xat ativovttg; xtd m 
ng6g(and diaatgicpovttg , ixttkovat t6 ngoat€tTt6» 
litvov.' 

XXyilhjlkJi totxttv ^ trig yrvxv^ dtovia awfiot^ 
togxgdait xat ng6gdkiav xaxiog ntqwxvia liat ng^g 
xgvog' ihdivovfitvot t« ydg vn6 Tt^v dva^novtriwv. 



DE VITIOSO PVDORE. 4}| 

fiifiu/f$is nal vq>ogdattg xav dnoJvyxav^vTwy i^OffCf- 
dtug ual dtilug bxovg^, dti d* drttaxvgiita-^ai nooe 
ifapouqa, /iijt« jolg diiimofiiroig , fiijTe TO^g xoXor- 
ft^uovaiv ivdidoyjog, 6 /4ay ovv Oovxvdidtig, wj; 
fiwyxaitog knoiiivov j^ dvvaa^ai jov qt&ovila^a^ 
^udwg. fpial ^ovXihia&a^ tby im (izylajoiLg Xtf^/Jcc- 
yAfrui jb inUfd-ovov * r^fAHg Zi Toy fiey <fd6voV oic^" 
4f^^yii9 ov xaXsndv ^yovfitvoi, zd di fiiftyftt JU19 ni^ 
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ftatg ftfj dixaioig vnovqyiafitv. noX fi^v 6naiv6v y% 
%dv 7fa^.j&v dvautnovvmv , .xi^drjlov ovjanaKjd" 
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S^g, Ino xviiafAQv xal yaqyaXiafiov naqixovja xqri* 
a&ai ^^aja Jto dtofiivtii, xal xajapakktiv iotvjiv 
{fnoxataxXivofitvov,' ovdiv ydg dtatpiqovat jwv jd 
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uoXaxtvovat naqddidovitg * dX£ aXax^oy dvaiqt" 
.novjai> xal ninjovaiv* 01 fiiv, tx&qag xal MXdaug 
Jtvdvj^g dv&qunotg novnqoXg, %v iXti^fiOvtg xal ^j^ 
Xdv&qfonot »al avfinadtlg xXii&&atv oi di jovyayr 
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axtvduvovg dvddb^dad-ai ntta&ivjtg, vnb Jtov iTtat" 
voiivjmv ag fidvovg avSqag xal ftovovg dftojii^ivr 
lovg, xat vi Jia ajofiaja xa\ (pwfdg nqoaayoqty6v' 
jmy* ito 3tal Bim. dntixait jovg jotoifjovg a/iiqpo* 



1424 PLVTAllCHl 

U/Hp 4v v^ftH^mdv^ mql JStUywvog toi) Jlf«/«- 
f^* tsht&ifwog di Tmo9 T&v^ntHt^n^ • U)Xd fg^v 
4m%ip4g <f9 n^wft^ in^vt^* ,N^ 4w$-^*ai' fiilugog 
f ^ M^Mif ^i Moi.ywnfaidunof. alld Mtifi9tif§6g 
toiitjuftiotf , . jno &w , '^ kliQwo^.avTov ijuuvwi 

9ax^^l«i>r.af^^Mo$^^-4MNfi^ waufmii,sl^ uadx^r 
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osmgt ^y' jtfvtMf ^tyAo^ rfJjpaicAIJ^ -naQiiint , ta^ig niual 
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(oijuai) .th t^ MtviUtQOV, n^ t^tf liyavta Ttarta^ 
Xov naiinifdtgniitftqgiinaiiifw ^it^^f ^6vtog' K^^ 
fii 0oi }(a^,anMdt^* tfoim ydq ga dkn&tvttp* 

XIX. *'0 totmjp ni^og ndtrta %d nd&tj Xff^^H"^ 
iatt, Tovtov du^fidktQta^tolgtiiivawtntoig, Statr 
infitaa&ipttgvnh ^av ndd^vg, nstffdyvmfnip dftd^ 
«CMFi «01 i^ioT^an|iaiy,.i(]^v^w^.fiyij^i«Miy,-aai-«i 
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ip iavtdtgrdpalafifidPHPJtatjpujidttMtvini nfXigoa 
Xq6pop, ug ydQfOi U^ ^QOcntctiaauug SdotndQOt^ 
fi ntQl aaffap dpatQaninttg nvfitQp^tat, Sp fimjfto^ 
vtvmatp, ovu iniipa fiiofop dlXd «ai tn nQoaofioim 
ipifitTOPttg nat ^ivkfntdfitvot dtattXQvatt^* ot^fai? 
oi ^td T^v* dvawilug ahxi^ ^i plafitQd avvtxvfg 



T)E riTIOSO PU|>ORE. ^ 

t^ fttxavoovvu xal Sax^p/iAivtj^ ^fi^ofipilUiyT^ v^v* 
tilri^vTai ndXiv lavxSiv iv to^ig Ofioit^g^, ^ti\ oS 
nqorioovtai ^aHlofg vjiotpt^ofUvo^^s. 



HJQYTJPXOY 

nEPX 
^QONOX KAI MISOY^. 



C/iJtw ^ij xa\ ^oitu [iij^h tov ^iaovq 8iag>igttv o 
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nfQ noXvdymaxqov ^ xania, xolg iirjgxijfiivoig «t- 
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fif^ilijila avvaq>dg nal mqtnXoxdg ivdidotai * tayta dk 
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iJvai, oxi tijv ivavxiav tcu qtXilv tx^i nqoalqiotv* 
init d* ovx dvm xavxov ai fifLOidxr^xtg , itg txtqov 
cil lttaq>ogal noiovai, xaxd xavxag prix&fttv, idv fit^ 
taSiai^aj(itv, dnO xtjg ytviattag dq^dfiivot xSv na&MV, 



.426 PLVTARCHI 

II. X\9Vttja$ joipvp j6 fiiaog in iparjaalag tov 
Sit novfiffdg, ^ xotv&g, ij nqdg avi6p iaitv 6 lu^ov^ 
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ajat »a^' vnoHttiUmv dU Jtruy dniQttd6ftiP0vn^ 
avj6y, 

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TOf j6 fdvjot ip&ovtiv ngog fi6vov dvi^gtJnov dv' 
dQfanto yivtjat, 

IV. Kt^v JoXg &fiqiotg ds q>&6voy uh ovx ilxog 
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piidi j6 alfia xigvaa&at atpajJOfdvfav, dXXd xav 
^^^119 j tdin ndXtv duoqQti dtaxqiy6fitvov, itxdvag 



DE IJNYIDIA ET ODIO. 407 

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t^ di ft^ dtxofiivtjg. 

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ntat Sixaitag' ovdttg ydg adixit ttu tvtv;(t7v, inl 
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(i6Qq)Wit,t^v di tov rl^ovg uox^Tiqiav avvtOfimata 
ual dt iv6g tqiQaatv * 

"^x^iotog 6* l^x^^V^ fidXiat tiv r^d^ 'p6va^in 

IntQPoX^ yaQ ttg (pavX6tr}tog , t6 to7g XQatiatotg 
iX&Q6v elvat, xal qidoviTvd^ dgvovvtat* xnv iXiy- 
Xfovtat, fiVQtag axTnpttg ngotaxovtai , ogytlta^ai 
Xiyovttg, rj q>opiia^at t6v avdQtanov, ^ fitattv 2 
n Sr fifxmtv SXIq t^ <^d6vta tov ndOovg ovofta 



428 PLVTABGHI 

mQtpdidoPttg, iMi^itaXwiwvteg^ ft6vov rovro rm 

VI. ^Avdyit^ xoivvv lu Tsu&fi ravta toig avtoX; 
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imyhta&ai.niqivx$v dlXiiXotg, fiiaovai ftiv ya fiSA" 
Xov tovs fialkov tlg novriqiav imdiS6vtagf ^p&ovmV" 
01 de fiakXov .toig fmktavin dQttjjnQoUvat ioitov^ 
ou Jid »11» OifnatovX^g^ ttt fiuqdxtov av, ovdiv 
i^if nqdttuv kafA7tf6v * ovnia ydg^ tp&ovu9&at, xa- 
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xal toivavtiov av ndktv ai fih axQatot novftgicn 
avvmttdvovai t6 fiiaog. toiig yovv SwtqArti-avno - 
(pavt^aavtag , i>g iig taxcKcov xaaieeg ikrjXa^dttK^, 
ovtug ifiiaijaav oi nokttat Mul dniotgdtptiaav, mg 
fiTits nvQ avstv, fii(C inouqivtaQm nvv&avofiivatig, 
fii) kovofiivotg xotwavsiv vdatog, dkX dvayKdStiw 
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dniiy^vio ^i) (piqoyt^g to fiioog. ai di ttav Mthvxfj' 
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t^v aiudv dvttkiv , i},fiiXQdv inoiri^nv, ovtoi noli 
tm tvt^xvfidtq^v viffog'kafl4vtviv «a^ ytvofiivtav xot^ 
tdMi^aXng Tau ifp^ovov, avattkkitat xat ivax^Qti 



DE INVIDIA ET ODIO. 428 

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iX^q&v vmffoxfi xotl ^hvufntq. 6 yovv Uld^apii^Oi 
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eivat TiSfVTta^i&v diafpoqav, wg to > fikv fHa6g ovt^ 
tvivxovvfmty ovts dvaTVJ^ovvTOfv ; dtplatae^m vw^ 
qiVKhtc 6 Seqrd4vog wj^og.T^v dfnpotv^vm^fiokijv 
dnayoQtvii, 

Yll. l£n Toivvv nal fiaikkov ovtfog dnb rwv 
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filaog, ^ mia&ivTfg juijc^ey abixiia^ai * ij ^av wg 
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Tat fiH^ov syxkiifia Xvaa$,TovT<ov di t6 fih nQcitov 
o£ kin T6v^d6vov ntmiaptivoii^iytiQ i^d^gftti* 
div ddiHsla&at, fp^ovovai ' td di komd xal naQO' 
^vvsi* Totg Ts yuQ doxovai x^^''^^ fiaaxaivovat 
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ai * x^ tv ndaxfoatv vno tuv svtvxovvtm, dvyiiiu 
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dypitd d * dft^As^^ M nafftskSgiTSQ^v 4aft -f oir 



430 Pl.yTARCEI i 

fthov^ nu&og.^^&6¥Oc u, d! uv ixH^ n^aviffVBUg 
jovto Ivniixai Hal Tta^^o^uytjpn* 

YIII. "Hiti rolfvy nul j^if n^oaiqwv auxi^p 
inaxiqov jid^ovg oxoTmftir* mft» di fitaoZptog fM£9 
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SgnsQ MHiag vntgtx^lfqfig, to intaxozoHiv avt^g na^ 
^tXdvjtg, aQKOvvjat, 



nAOYT^PXOY 

nBPi 
TOH EAYTON EnAlJfEiy 
ANEnj<I>eON£i£ 



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niQ6g kti^ovg, &"jiQKXdvtt X6y4^ fiiv inax&H ano^ 
(fiaivovat ndvtkg xal dvtXtv&tQOV, %^^' ov noX- 



DE SE IPSVM CITRA INV. LAVD. 43i 

iLo4 'Ti}y ai^^Axy avTov dtantiptvyaati^ ovdt i&p yft* 
ydvTiav. 6 yovv EvQtnldrig unAv 

El d* tiaay dr^Qtlntoiair ayriiot X6yo$, 
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dnQog qmactg 

— — *al 
Td xavxaa&at nagd tatQbv, . 
Maviaiq vnoxgixsty, 
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Tovg inatvoXfvtag, cddeta&at ngoaijxov aviotg, x^v 
hii dXXwv inaifwytai' Stvtegoy de ddixovg, S 



432 .PLTTAHCBI 

^ ffUonSvteg Sx^M^i^iuti ^OPtir doxovfiBv, ^ri 
toDto h9oim6xtq, apapmfifu^a awBfpd7fx$a&at 
naqa yv&fiiiv twP iKohmp*^ uat avnmiMqitvguv, 
nQayfia KoXanil^ fimXlov* aPiltvdig^ ngog^My, // 
ujAp, j6 inmtvHv nafShm^, vnoftivomi, 

II. Oi iMfP-aXXa nulnM^ jo^wi)vtoi)q ixSrriaw, 
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va xal nQoadvia xQ^^»t ^H f^i qfotadfitfop umup 
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inatpiaoiog antniiotfi ^tkng ttalv mvtm, otaSHt i^v^ 
XafiovfiOmo^t6 n9P6v uml ^¥ax9^i4fa3%Pl cl t« 
XQnaiMav 6zt», fiii na^XinaffiOP 



DE SE IPSVM CITBA INV. LA^D. 433 

llL^^Eanv ovv xivog ^nttirog,,o tm iavTOvg 
ijtaivsly, onwg intttyi&^i, doxovvTtav xtA xaTO- 
ipQoviimi /idXiata, <piXort^lag ivsxa yivta&ai xal 
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ovTtog oi mivoiVTeg inaivwv , av /ji'^ Tvxtoaiv higotP 
inatvoivTav, avtol t^ ipiXodo^ nag avTtav inag^ 
%HV rt PoiXia&ai xa\ avvtia(piguv doxovvTig^dax^' 
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dnatvHa&ai ititwaiv, dX)^ , afiiXXmfnvoi ngdg dXlO' 
tgiovg inalvovg, tgya xal ngdSttg dvtinagapdXXvi' 
ctv ayTO^i', &g dfiavgdtaovTsg Its^ov;, ngog t^ xbv^ 
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nagoifila xal ytXolov dnodtlxwai' t^v d' iv dXXo^ 
tglotg inaivotg tlg ftiaov vn6 g>^6vov xal fijAoTV- 
nlag iita&ovfiivriv ntgiavtoXoyiav tv udXa dtt <pv- 
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fuaiv* av d* dvd^tot xat tpavXot d6^<oaiv tlvat, ftij 
tolg tblotg inatvoig d<patgdifit^a tovg ixtivav, dX£ 
aVTtxgvg iXiyxovTtg, xal dttxvvvttg ov ngoatix6vt<og 
tvdoxtfiovvTag. TavTa ftiv ovv dijXov oti <pvXaxjiov, 

IV. Avt6v d* inatvtXv dfiifinT<og i<nt, ngmov 

fiiv, av dnoXoyovfitvog to9to notjjg ngtg diaPoXnv, 

^ xatrjyogiav, &g 6 IltgtxXijg' Kaitot iftot TOtovttf 

dvi^gt ogyi^ta&B, og ovdtv6g tiaatov otoftat lirat 

Pltt. Moa. III. £ e 



43i PLVTARCHI 

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Tov 'Ofjui^ov '^i^trHov Jtawtdnaaiw antatiow, 

'jfffiug TOi fkatiqmw'fU/ dfiiiwow^t^xoftt&^^tJwat.'' 
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./^f^pij Tv6iog^i^ Sat^^wog^innoSdpoia, 
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DESEiPSVMClTBAINV.LAVD. 435 

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iom noXXdxig kavjov lag mQt XajiXlvap ngdfytg* 
jSciTTtWi 9* BindvTi, ^ij ngimtv avrolg nglvtiv mgt 
' JSntiniavogj di ov exovai rd ngivfiv nSatv av&g&^ 
no%g, arstpavaaagiivai avvavipriaav uq tb Kanvtt^ 
Xfov, Mttt avvi9vaav,' 6 fih yag avx dvayxaia^, 
al£ inig d6^g, ixgv^o rotg inalvoig* tov d^ a^fj' 
qei rdv (p&6vov 6 xivdvfog, 

V. Ov fidvov ds xgivofiivotg xk* xtvdvvtvovaiv, 
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nhxrqg ontog tlg x^tgag — , ' . ' 

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Eca 



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-^ -— ov yuQ ifA^g x6QV&og Xtvaaovai iiitmwov 
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ot/^r 4nl twv nQa^smv eindtv ovdi noir^aag inax&ig, 
oTtrfvixa toifg 'A&rivaiovg itaQa fieatovg ovtag avtol 



DE SE IPSVM CITRA INV. LAVD. 437 

srerl m^togwroe, ov» iiftUdfto Xiyw Tl, oufi«r* 
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vno<f*i)ym, yspofiirng ^* fvdkig, tiXXitt 9rtf^i^x- 

VII. Ovtoi /icy ovv SXXwg ddixoifuroi ,- f(^ 
funo(f^ovftivw ifii/ivtjvro ngdg tovg dyvwfionovV' 
TfXf. 4 d* in ttvtolg yfBydfihvog, oJg xmjat^^t, xal 
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fMiy T» nmgttyfiivtt' doxii ydq ovh ovtiM^iv, dX£ 
AnoXoytia^tti, rovto yovv Xttfinquv r& JrifiOQ^ivu 
Htt^fia Upf ididov, Httl r6v h6qov dq>jJQH r&v inttl" 
vwv, olg na^tt ndvta t6v X6yov'6fiOv ti t^ vniQ 
«ov OJttpdvov nixQflttti, affivvr6fitvog otg iviUttXtho 
ntQl rov noXifiov nQtafitvfiaat xa* iprnfiafiaaiv, 

YIII. O.v n6Q^(a di roiftov tttayfiirov tx^i ti* 
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XArtti,- tovrov rovvavrlov ttiaxQOV dnodsutvvri ual 
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43d PLVTAaeHl 

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m^l Tov auqxivov l6yog (V(pviatieTa tais avxidi' 
oirn na\ Ihatak li»» «ksiSir imtadyu tov$ intdpovg» 

IX. Ov /i^r aUa nal w^Sro XQh^H'^^ iotuf i» 
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ip r\fugff' fuj nawiivaa t^p jian&kttfiopimv ^x^^^ 

X, 'JSvTM de T^ /Afty havtov inatvovvtk noXtfioih' 
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tm n^omtfOfVfiivofVf nml ngdttoptag avtolgt nal aims 
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DE SE IPSVM CITRA INV. LA\T). 439 

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^^ M«' ovv *^Ma Jifiiif^jKfiiinAl^t^^MSis^ 
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9Te^ aiuiia^K dwii^oi£« 

XI. To&tn (iin oSiv «Mxi, 5Ww i^fkjmifitu, tif^ 
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uiradif 4alfi0Ph Kiy^if^ac^ S^mn di^k9m4 

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440 PLVTARCHI 

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'oiitov ttvdg soixsv antsa&at : xal td tov IlsQtnU^ 



DE SE IPSVM CITRA IINV. LAVD. 441 

ovg BTi fiSU.ov, 6lo<f>VQ6i4evoi yfXQ, ^g boixbv, Jidff 
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^42 i»X.VTAKCHI 

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DE SE IPS VM CITJLA. IHT. LAVD. 44^ 

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;)fi$ atctl fptJtdnopot^ umL dpS^lot^* Vf^^k ndkat lov- 
ta, vtfp d^ ^iiMrsoioi;^. i^Btyixg iv xe^c^sf^ 
Ts^f o^d^fli^ Aia. ^/miMB ttulmvm^ i Jfym9ott^s$ 

XIV. Kal TauT«/ie»IS(odeir liFTfty inuodysm&at 
^paQfiana vfjg mfioivmXoyim^ , Sr^ d* avroX^ T^d- 
9roy T»'» TOi^ inaivovfiivois Bvsauv* olg tuxl Kawp 
iXQVto, qkd^ovua&iM iiytmv, ox* tQ» ISiMy mfulH, 
Tioit Tdg vvxrag ciyQvnvit dux ti}v naiQi^' teal t<S* 
Ilwg ^ av ^QOvol^v^ ^ noQifv dnQayudwitf 
!£» TOiOi TioiiloZ^ riQt&fwifiivif or^Toiii, 
*Iaov fAnmmnkiv t^ oo^aii«Tc^Tv;pj9* 
ua\t6* 

^Ouva di fkl^Qmt wv nQ$v i^txiaix^^^» 
- JCo* Tov; 910^ oyTo^ oix dn^oufjun n6vovg. 
ug yaq olniav tiai jtu^ioy, ovTfo ttal. d6(av oi nollol 
Ttul aQttrjv, Totg TtQoiua ual (adt»gtxuv doxovatv, 
oi lolg nQiafiivoig ndvm nolJAv tuil xtvHiiviovip&o» 



4IIH PLVTARCfll 

«< XV. *£jal 5* '&V fiopoy, lalvntii xo* avmapd-6^ 
iMlti, ulXd xal x^^^f^^ *^^ i>tp^lifi^n^(founittm 
-itl^l tovg 4nahovg,Xva /ui} tovto ngdttup, dU^in»^ 
fh u dtd Toiftov doit&fuv * oqa ngStov ; «I n^^ 
^^n^g ivtna nal i>)Xov »al gnXotifAlag t&v dxovdv^ 
tw avt6y av ttg inatvioiup. &amq 6 Niatm^, tae 
kmvtov diit/olfiEVos u^iatslag *al fidxag, t6v ta Ua^ 
IffOMkov ^affktQfAfias, nal tovg iwia ?r^6c t^ ftov&» 
It&^iav dviat^aiv, r^ ydq tgyov Sfiov xal 16yw 
^^vaa n^igon^ xai na^Suyfta xa2 J^Xov ohe&oi^, 
tf»^vx6g iati, xcx^ mvel xal naqotqivu, «a» fud^ 
i(^^g 9tal nQoatgiasng ilnUktg &g i<fiHt&v xa* odn 
^tt5vvdi<av noQiatriat, 5i6 xal t&v iv jia»$daifiov^ 
fOiil&v ^dovaiv oi fdv tmv ytg^vttav^ 
Zififisg not ^fug ahufiot vsftvkn* 
»S di t&v naidmv* 

. "Afifisg di y iaa6fi8a&a noll^ xd^fovtg * 
'Ol 5i tav vtaviaxm * 

"Afiftkg di y sifiiv al ^i Ifjg, aiydadto' 
Mok^^ ital noXntxwg tou vofio&itov td nU^oiov^MiBtt 
* Mxa*a nagadtiyfiata totg viotg dt cnit&v t&v Btg^ 
purfdvGiv ixtt&ivtog, • * 

XVI. Ov firiv jdXld xal xataitX^fyfag ivttf^\t 
"ttA avatoX^g tv$xa xal totf tamiv&acn xaliapih 
>^bnoxdQiov tov ttu^dStj xul itotfihv, a^x^tfi^"^^^ 
kofmdaat itmqVahtoi ka^ fuyakfjyogijtfau xoM* 
^^iia^ttv ndXtv 6 ^^fiat»q> ^ * 

Bdfj ydq not iy^ xal d^iioaiv, ^intQ vfiiv. 



DE SE IPSVM CITRA INV. LAVO. ^ 

pStia di KCu n^g jiliS»vdQov 6 Id^iajoulTfg^ ov pi- 
VQV tf^ rdis mXltav HQarovatv i^Bimi fisya ^p^ 
vnlv, tiXht %a\ rotg mgl ^swv dd^ag ukti^ili c^i^ 
XQf^^liM bh ytal 7i^6( noX^fdovg wnl nn^^ ix^^MS^ 
%OMvra' 

/ivarf]v(»v di rs naiHfg f^^ (tivH a>r i6aMi. n^ 
ual nBffl rov HfQamv fiaatXioig, . fitydXov de xo)^, 
jJiivov, u UyriaiXaog' Ti d' ifiov ys fitiSiav i»^lfi§i^ 
^l fi^ xal dtxaidrtQog; ital ngog roitg ^axsdoift^ 
vioyg r&v 0%§aim xarviYo^vvrag d *EnafAivoivl^^^ 
^Hfiiig fdvroi vftSg /^^crjift/ilo/ovyTac inavaafitv^Jih 
hi ravza fdv ngdg ix^QOifg xal noXffiiovg * rtov di 
ifiXmy ual noXtr&v ov fiovov iarl roitg &qaavvo^ 
90vg xaraaroqiaai %ai notijaat ramtvoriQOvg, Silkd 
wii rovg nfQiipd^ovg xal xaranX^yag i^aqat TidUv 
»al naQOQfiTfaat ,'X(jmodfifvov tv diovrt ftfyalavxi^. 
xa^ ydq 6 Kvgog nagd rd dttvd xai rdg fidxag ift^» 
^aXfiy6Qfi, aXXon d' ov fifyaXifyoqog t\v. xoiijhfrl* 
^ovog 6 divtfqog rSXXa fiiv i^v Srvipog xal fiirgtog, 
iv di rfi ntql K&v vavfiajiUf, r&v qfiXiov rtvdg ti^i^' 
*iog* Ovx 6qag, oaoj nXdovg tialv ainoXifiia\9{jj^f 
*£fti di y$ avr6v (ttm) nq6g n6attg dvrtrdrtsrig 
^l rofiro d* totxs avvtdsiv**Ofiiiqog, r6v ydq 'Odvg* 
aia mnoifixtv, dnoihiXtdtvraiV r&v krdiQOiv^^t^g 
f^v yi6(pov xal Toy xXifdma r6v mql r^v XdqV' 
pdtv, dvafitfivriaxovra rrfg aviov dHr.6itiro6rs§iiiii 
dvdqsiag* \\: 



4ia rLVTAiitrHX 

Uiktt ual ci^cy ifijj «^ojjf fiQvlji t» r6<$ t« 
*£*<ppyofU9. — • — 

lotovToq BTtatyog, ovds xgdtop ov5i noTtnvofidv iA- 
tovywf, dUm njv «^v^y nal r^v Snwtifftfpf Bpexv- 
<fov Toii' Sa(^h toig (plloig dtddyvo^ ftiya ya^ Ir 
Mat^mg4ma^akia*^ n^dg amjfj^v dd^ xal^TwiattQ 
md^ iyMfiOPUc^v ifimt^op 9u»i din>afup ^optog. 

XYii. "Gti ish ovv td n^g tlnaipov ^XI^^wp 
Mal^ddfiap aptinwQctfidXlttP iavt^p, lyicivm noim» 
MAPiit^tai n^ttfOP' ov /tci}v ul£ Znov pkdnni 
tml haqf^ei^t^, l^ibv iftnoiSpngig td fpmvla nal 
n^aiqfMf nopfii^dp ip ngdyftaai ftrydkotg ^m^- 
fUpoq. sneupog , o u» ti^at^ iatiP Htu^ovaat, ^cHU 
lop d* dnoati^iit/M»^ pAp duQoativ im tdngeirtm, 
w^ Sia^^p ipAsfmhpspop. dyanifosm 701^ mv rtg 
{lOi^ou) Xotdo^Vfdpffg nmxiag x«< tfftyofdpfjg l&i- 
ituftmg dmxsa^a^to^gnoUovg 6^p* el di ngog^ 
^AJIm dA^ay ^ npatSm, nm\ t^ nmiji' ffiopdg mvtfjg ^ 
nieoptiimg dyoPti n^ayipotto ttfi^ na\ to evdant' 
ffup^ ovn ^axtP sitt^ ovwtg, ovd* wxvqm qwaig, 
ifg ovn mp n^ttfaHS, di6 dii firj toig tup dp&gamtay 
inaipoig, dUd toXg t&p n^fidttap , mvntg P fp«^' 
Im^ nokffAstP t6p Tmhtmdv •'ovtot ymq dtmat^^pmh 
v^,4ttti ti&itotg t6 fttfuSa&tu tit miax^ itoi ifiXovv, 
«c nmid, avp$iai^stc», pidltata d' ilS^UyxoPtm» 



DE SE iPSVM CITRA UN V. LAVD. 447 

totg Slii&tpoig nn^u^SfdyoK* oJov o- tcSv t^/u- 
(^Miiy v;fox^i.T^^> .&€6diagog^, umXv nots ngog. toy 
TtwfiiH^v Xiysjai ^dtvgov, &s ov d-aVftaariv iau 
^6 ytlay noihty tovg d-tajdgfdXid t6 duxgvBiy xal 
%kaUiy. Sfjtttyoy d* o}fia$, av ngog -tovToy avxhv 
it^nfi ^t%iaog>og dv^ * UX)^ ov t6 nouiv, & piht^ 
fPti, ulaUtv xa] daxgifnv, t6' di naiftpy kvnovfii' 
¥ovg xal fdaiovtag, (ftfjiv6v iatiy. inaivShf y:dq hav* 
thv wpiXst t6y dxovovta , xoi fistati&f^at. f^v xgi^ 
agy» ofrto xal 6' Z^yofv ngdg t& nXij&og tnv Oto^ 
^fiQ&&tov fia^fftQiy ' *D huivov z^ghg '( If^i/] fisi^, 
6vfidg 9i aVfi<ftmv6ttQogi xttii S^ 0and(av, m tov 
AtwsHvffvg 'tvtffiegovyaog , ifndtuv (jitdgoiv iqtO' 
ttafitvog, ti.t^ ndltv avtdg aya&hv^ nmoitixev 
Ovdiv, (ttmv) ait 1} tovto, td,'ifiag, ifiov atga* 
"Uiyovvtoi, imtdquov Idyovfi^ iln9ty,.aUd ndytag 
^ TOJ^ natgfootg fiv^aat-&dmsa9ai tovg dno&vti^ 
axoPtag. ndw di x^qtivtaig ual S-^X^dtrig njgihs t6 * 

TaXft txoi„dadtqi.a)(oy,.Kal iipv^gtaa f,xai fiit 
iSqmog, 

Vignv tnoi&oy 
ayteygayts t6' 

Tavi^'tx<ih oqa tfia&oy,.%al iif^6jntau,Mai fiitds 
' iiiovawf 

Siav l!^v^ 
mikhg ydg otoiolkog ^natyog^ ital 01^X1 fiogxal dt-- 
ddaxMf td xg^a^fia Ual td ayfiq>igoym y&avfidSny^ 
xdi dyan^V' mnl ndv my&v ttat mgttmy, dtd to v^ 



448 PLVTARCni 

To fuv avyxotxatstdxSt) lolg Agijiiwoie tig to ngo- 

XVIII. Admxai 9$ rifiiy, rov m/ov j6 i<p^i 
aJtatTovvjos xal nagaxaXovyTog , untiv , Sntog aw 
ixaaxog ixcpvyoijo inaivny dxaigoigiavtov. jaiya 
yng { mgiavToXoyia j^v q>ilavjiav J^^ijT^^iay 
t;(ovaa, na$ jolg ndvv ^oxovat ftttgi^og txstv ngdg 
dii^av, iiiq>v8jai noXldxK imttdsfiiv^, xa&dn^g 
yrxQ J&v vytuvSiV tr ioJt naqayytXfidxtav j6 jd yp- 
auidr\ x^^^ (pvXdjTsa^at navjdnaatv , ^ nQoaix^v 
fnaXXov avT^ ytv^fitvov iv avTolg, i^VTfag ^ei jtvdg 
^ ntQtavjoXoyia xatQovg xal Xdyovg oXta&fiqovg, 
xat ntQKpigovxag tig avx^v ix ndatig nQoq>datoitg. 
nQ&TOV fisv ydg iv jo7g dXXoTQioig inaivotg (eigmQ 
ttQriTat^ t6 qnXdxifiov i^avdti jrjv mQiavJoXoyiav 
xai Jtg avxd xajaXafi^avzt baxv6fiivov xa\ yaQya* 
Xi!ii6fiitvov otov vn6 xvr^afjtov, dvaxaQjiQtiTog ini&v^ 
uia xal^OQfi^ nQ6g dol^av aXXag js, xifv inl Jojg 
taotg hsQog ^ jolg iXdjToatv inatvfJTat. xa&dntQ 
yuQ ol mtvQvjtg, hiQtav ia&tdvTtav iv ^ifiu, fialXov 
iQfBi^ovjat xa\ naQolhovTat jiiV OQtl^tv ovjimg 6 
jov nXfiaiov maivog ixxaiit jfj fyXojvniijt joifg nQ6g 
do^ar dxQaT&g t;(ovjag. 

XIX. JtijtQov, al joiv tVTVxoig xat xajd voZv 
nmQnyfiivm Siriyriatig, Xav&dvovat noXXovg ttg fit- 
yaXav^iav vn6 x^Qag ixfphQOvaak xa\ x6finov * ifim 
nta6vTtg yaQ ttg t6 Xiystv vixag Jtvdg iavTav, ^ xa- 
jOQ&mttg iv noXtTtiffiaaiv, ^ jia^* fiysfidai nQd^ttg, 



bE SE IPSVM ClTfiA IBiV.LAVD. ^4^ 

xul kuyovf li^oxifi^iaavjifg, vv ttQOtotnnVf ov^s (ib^ 
i^H»CovoiP» *) yim fieAtatct itjg m^tavToloflasti 
nnxviixbv iii(iy ian »al aigariwJtuif uXiaxofifv^v, 
avf/ifia^yn df xal lolg ix tdniav r^Yntovtnfav xai 
nqayi^atm (i^yahiv inav^novai, tovtp nagj[9ir 
imuMfig' (itfivtjfiivoi yag dvdgwv im(pav^ %a\ 
8^if^\Xi^m, ,gvy3iatanUxovgt n^g\ qitiov tiifvifi^g 
^kivag vn indvm ug^fjtivag, na\ vofii^ovatv oy;( apT 
hovg inatvftv, ukX^ higiav inalvovg ^txiyiia&at mg\ 
\iht&y ysvofjtivovg. ol di Shnig olqvtgit lavSdvstv 
^oifg dxovovtag, Stav paatXivv xal ai^oxgatdgtov 
dt^taaetg xal ngoaayogsvaug xa} ifitio^ogvvag d- 
nayyiXX(ogty, &g oix avtiiv inaflvovg, dng^ftiSfig S4 
T^^ ixUMm' intstxUgg xai ipilgv^gunigg ifttii6vttg^ 
Sdtv f V udXg iSffi ^goaixHV kgvTolg- n$gi tovg kjir 
gviv ingtvovg^ S^vtg xa^agol xal dyifnomot g>ilay' 
%iag xot^ nsgtavtoXoyiag i»ai * xat ^ij daufofitv jtia" 
tgoxXo^ j^g6<pggiiV,aq^^g i^ avtgvg d( ixiijfwv incu' 
vilv, 

XX. ZiXXd f^i^v xal t6 mgl tovg ^4}f9iVi *g}idg 
xgtattidg^tg yivog intafpaXig iatt, xal nagij^Qvfx' 
tgonug totg m(^ ^Xay voaovatv. ^ fj^gXtatg n^gts 
nintovgtv ol yi^qvttg, otav hlg ti vov&ttfiv <t«* 
govg xal xaxi^ttv t^ ipavXa K,a\ ^ggS^ig iJ^a^T^^ 
^vag ngoax^mk» fiiygXifvovie^ gv^oifg, &gnfg\ 
tavta '&gvfigaiovg d^i ttvgg yfvofxivovg, tovtotif 
fihf ovv, dv firi fn,6rav sxmtv riXtifigit , c^Xd ^gi 3(5- 
^v xai dgsviiv , 9o%iov ov ydg a^^^c^* aXXd 
' PLVT,Moii.lIt Fi 



fii^ Sqlop iftnM%p Spm nal^pi^iifiiaif Ti^^offf 
otJTCk noXaiofiivoig. ol d* SkXoi a<p6dga qrvldM^ 
c&a^*al dtduvaifiif i*t^(f9fiv tairtiif'ii^lafn¥. 
dvutgov f«f oKSDlp cKUai? «ot ^4li^ ar^Mf^i^^^t^i&r 
nXrialoy iXfyxov^ mc^ ^ofiivoi>Ji&X^9lsilXet(^\\ 6 
myviKav Isomvj^ fdioy dU^t^ ^d/^^/Wer* dlt ^o- 
Uag Mgav ddSur «^r^ &fig<aft9Vo^ i imtx^^^g naV" 
TdmuaiKal tpoQTtMdg iariv, mg ivitdoH^itktv Sax^- 
Itovowfiv aXXoig fiavXifiiBvog, 

. XXI, ^JSn Toiwv Td% fjuv iggdg toifg ^X^ag 
iinatafpigotg ipifast nal ngoxtlgoig fiHXidta ipt^nw 
nQoai^nut nal tfvHttia&ah tovg yagyuliaftovgHaV 
^^ tig yniXatpriatig, iv alg td Xttdtata tov a4tftatag 
* oXta&aivovta ntA avg^vra niVttnal^vvBfygftftd 
nd&^g' oaot di nqdg SiSav ifiatadiaxtgoff iq^vif^ 
naaii tohtotg op ttg ov^ fjnurta naifayviatuv ut^ 
Xta&atto^ afpag avtoitg iitatvuv,' Stav ftii SXkM 
ina$vSvtai.- du yfig igv&Qi^v inaivoiftEvov, ah 
aits^&^v , nal nataat&iXuv tovg fti/a ri n&gl 
oui^r Xiyovtag, ovn iXiyx^tv, &g ivdtiatsgov inat" 
vo^vtag * ontq pl noXXol noiovaiy>, tnoftiftv^anov-' 
ttg aviol, nal ngaasfifpogotvttg «iUo^ ttvdg ngd^ig 
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nag ktigav enatvov, ^aq^tigonrtv. tviot fth ovy 
noXantivovttg avtoifg, ngntg /BigyaXll^ovat nat qpv- 
a&atv'smird9.,''kak6ri&iag oUv ttdiXtag fttng6v 
tiXoyiag i^fidXXovUg, innoXoifvtat t^v ntgtavto- 
Xoyiav • ol di ngoanw&dvovtai nal dttgcniiiatv, 



DE SE IPSVM CIT^A IWV. LAVD. 451 

. -t7- JJwg tii ^ekvna Taw/ ^Jig/ 
JiitQmpthl^ . n&g nq^i ^cwy ; inl nXifiaxa 
JJ^ogjuxog dmfiaivm.^ iydf fiiv ditxvit^i 
lEamDvdaHwg,' ol di ntiliv inifivxtri^iaav, 
. XXII. '£v Snaatv ovv toiftoig %v%upii(iiov ^ 
. hvh ftdXufta, fJt^ts avvajtninrovta tolg inaivotgy fi^" 
['ts talg i^tfiasatv iavidv nQoUfitvov* ivxBUaratii 
\ di toiiifov tvXdpsta xal (pvlaHri ^ t6 nqoaixtiv M- 
^^oigiapjovg inaivovai, *al iivrjfiovsiiBtv , mg uridig 
t6 nqayua xai XvnriQOV anaat, xal X6yog aXXog OV' 
dst^ ovtwg inax^iigf ovds pagiig. ovds ydq ^oyTc; 
liiufiVf Su ndaxofjuv aXXo nax^v vno t&v avtoifg 
inaivovvtm, wansQ qiiiast fiagvvdfisvot t6 ngHyfjta 
9tal ipsifyovtsg, dnaXXayijvai nal dvanvsvaat ami' 
dofitv onov n6Xani Ttal nagaaiti^ nal HsofAivi^ 
Shaoiatov iv X9^ *^^ dvanagtsQfitov kavt6v iy^^ 
xwfjudioiv nXovatdg tig, ^ aatgdniig, i^fioltuXsig* 
xal avfifioXdg taiftag djiotivsvv fuyiatag Uyovaiv, 
tStg 6 nagd MsvdvbQtg^ 

Sfpdtts^ fis, Xsni6g yivofi svsnxoiifisvog, 
Td anAfifia&* ola rd aotpd ts ndi atgatfiyinii, 
Olog d* dXttiiuv iativ dXitrigiog. 
ravta ydg ov ngog atgatuotag, ovds vsoTsXovtovg 
fiovov, svnagv^a nalaofiaga biriyriftaxa nsgaivov 
lag, aXXd na\ ngog aoqtujtdg nal fpiXoaoipovg nai 
Gtgatfiyoifg,oynovftsvovg itp' iavTolg nal fisyaXfiyo» 



45? PLVTARCai DE S£ IPSVM. Clf |U etc 

^vrtc^Sf mi&6x6$ (fdaxtiv xalUyMiVi a^ f/ntiifia-' 
vs{f0(Asv, on To|g idiOkg inaivo&c dXl6Egiog ¥mja* 
iftdyog cUl, >tnl jri^szm z^og ddoSi» %ijg ft^voSo^iag 
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adipfig qfii<ji) nfgUaup, \oi %^ doi^si^ |lva» T040V- 
xovg, wp^idfi^a toy ^iyHV Tqgl ^vjm^ &v ftn %iva 
sttydhat fdXXaissv otq^Xsiw lavzov^, ^ lov^ axovoF- 

lfM£.