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Full text of "Plutarchi Chaeronensis : vitae parallelae, cum singulis aliquot. Graece et latine. Addunter variantes lectiones ex mss. codd. veteres & novae, doctorum virorum notae & emendationes, et indices accuratissimi"

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BIOI nAPAAAHAOI. 



PLUTARCHI PARALLELA, 



S E U 



VITiE PARALLEL^. 



V O L U M E N dv A R T U M. 



Z N D I N I: 

Ex Officin^ Jacobi Tonson, & Johannis Watts. 

M DCC XXIII. 



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AJ-. 4 



Hoc VoLUMiNE Continentur 



ALEXANDER, 

C iE S A R. 

P H O C I O N. 

C A T O Minor. 

AGIS & CLEOMENES. 

T I B. & C. G R A C C H L 

DEMOSTHENES. 

C I C E R O. 




A X 



A A E H- 



i^^wfis^r^^^^^^^^^^s^^^ 




AAE2ANAP0 2. 




« KCtTihV^Y} nO|U7r>li'(^, CV THTCd IW |3t^At'&) y^(pQvlig, 

^td To 7rA»i0(^ 'PiS \:mKeiijS{JCtiV n^^im a Jli/ aAAo tt^- 

g^ajuojp, « rt^tT«cro'|W.g5-ot t»V dvctym(rMv\a.gy kaiv (jly\ 

Tidvlcti fJLYiti >ta6' Wfoi/ cJ^ei^yac-fjS^JOi}? ti t^ 7rg£/^o«- 

'T6)V dnalyiKKodi^jy d7<hd ShTifJLVovlig Td 7r?\ei<7ct, (jly) (rvKo(pcLvJeiV. «Vg 

y) kotici? y^(pop{jy ctAAa fii»?, aVs tcm? cfh<paLVi<^dTcug 7r^'|g(rt Troti'- 

T6)? 'Ivgf* ^"hodtTig d^iTY\g ri KcLKia?, a'AAa n^yiJLa ^^x^ 7roh^.dKig yy pjji- 

/L40t, K) TTOU^id Tig i(JL(pClL(7l,V K)9»? InO^miV jUdtAAoi/, « yLdyaUL fjLVeAOViK^ly 

H^ (^yLTd^eig cu fJLiyi^cUy ^ 7to7\io^Kia vrohim. axmi^ «f oi (^ony^poi Tdg 
6fjLoiOTY\Tag )>m t5 7T^iT(^7t\iy j^ T^^ ^zifet T^ o^j/ii/ «J^5'i/, o<V g^wcpa^^i/g^ 
To >iO(^, dvaTxdfJL^dv^iTiV) \l\dxi<;a ^ 7\oi7rSiv fjLi^m (p^vji^ovlig' \iTOdg 

Y^fJLiV 



Alexandri rcgis vitam 5c C. Caefaris, 
a quo eft Pompeius oppreflus, hoc commen- 
tario defcripturi, ob numerofas res eorum ge- 
ftas, nihil prscfabirnur aliud quam ab leftori- 
bus poftulabimus, fl non omnia, neque figil- 
latim faftum quoddam celebre ad amufllm 
perfequamur, fed perftringamus pleraque,ne 
roJbi obftrepant. Neque enim hiftorias, fed 



vitas confcribimus : neque femper clarifnmas 
quseque res virtutes vel vitia reprsefentanr, 
fed exiguum fubinde faftum di6tumque, & jo- 
cus aliquis citius fpeciem edat morum, quam 
funeftiifima proeli^maximEe acies, & urbium 
expugnationes.Utergo piftores ex facie &: vul- 
tu, ex quibus elucent mores,imaginem defu- 
muntjnecdecsteris membris laborant magno- 

pere: 



6 A A E S A N A P O S. 

t),uiv S^oTiov dg rd 7' '^vxng (rnfJi^oi. fJLoihTKOV cvJVsc^, it, (^toi t»V&)i/ d^oTToi- 
Hv Tov kctVa l^iov, soi(rctv]ctg hi^ig tcl fjnyi^n j^ raV (lymaL<;. 

'Ahi^c(.vt^^(^j oTi Ti^ ^€i TT^g TToLT^g (^ !w 'H^KKei^ng ^^ KoL^vHy 
Tf^g iW-WT^Vj AloLx.lJ^ng "^ Ngo7r]oAgja«, V^ tt^zvv 7Fi7ri<rdj^m Wlv' 

7\iyf) 3 O/AiTTTT©-', CV '^OLjbLO^^Kn TM 'OKVfJLTriCL^ (TVfJi^Vn^dq^ OUUTOg Ti 

[jM^nov m iTh x-ctmvm licuS^og o^cpoLvri? yovicdv \^Srnvcaj v^ tov ycL- 

[JLOV iiTOdg d^fJLCXTCU, TTmOLg TOV CLh?^(pOV CUUTng 'A^VfjL^aV. « jOO^U iiV VVfJL- 

(pY]i TT^ '^ vv}ilog « (Tiwei^x^^^^^ ^^ '^^^ B-oLhafAov, \^o%i (i^ving «^o- 
fjSfYig IfjLTticrelv ouuTng tm yct^ei '/.i^cujvov' m 'j t' Trhnyng^ ttoaJ ttv^ 
ctvoL<p^h, HTOL pnyvvySpov eig (pAoyag TrcLvlYi (pi^fMpagy <^iaAv^lwou. o q <t>i- 
7\i7rn(^ vH^co X^^^ ^ '^^^ yoifJLov, ahv ova§ cuJtov Sm^dKKovla (T(p^- 
yl^a T« ya^^e} "^ yiwcuKog. n q yTwcpn t' (T(p^y]i'(^i odg mTOy KiovK^ 
HX^v einova. T^i" jj oLAKm /bicivJim v(po^ct^iB{jm tIw o-^iv, dg 0L}tejL^i9iP$(.g 
(pvhaKng hoiBpod t^ (^iKiitircd t^ ^%i tov yctfJioVi ' A^<^av^ef^ o TsA- 
lu.n(T<^g x-vav i(pn tLuj dvB^cdirov ( «i^sv y> )>m(T(po^yillt^ i^ Kivodv ) j^ 
Kveiv 7rctl<^a BvfjLOH^S^n k^ X€ovJcid<^n tLuu (pvcr^v. <a(pS^n S^i TTOTe )t, c^^V&ii/, 
KoifjLCdfjSpng '^ 'OKvfJL7fiOL<^(^j 7roL^€KTiTa(j8fj(^ t4 (TidfjLaTi. :ij tQto fxd~ 
Ai5"ct Ta ^I^^AjVTra Tov i^cdTA j^ Tag (piM(p^(TUJuag dficuj^£(Tcu Ksyainv, o^g 
fjLnJ^i (poiTdv iTi TToAAotVi^ Trot^' cuutIjuu dvanouxTof^oV iiTi M(Tav\a Tivdg 
fjLayeiag W ouut^ jc, (pd^fiaKa -^ ytwcuKogj eiTs tIw ofju7\laVj «V K^ei-flovi. 

(TUJtJ^(Tn) d(pOG-iiifJ^OV. STgf©-' Q 'Sfec TaVfflP Wi 7^0y(^j Odg 7td(T0U /^u cu 

Tnh 

pere : ita concedendum nobis eft, animi in- fomnis uxoris fe ventrera confignare. Habe- 

dicia ut fcrutemur, ac cujufque per haec in- bat figilli fculptura (ut vifi ei eft) imagi- 

formemus vitam, aliis molem rerum 6c certa- nem leonis. Ea vifione, vatibus interpretan- 

mina permittamus. tibus cjeteris, Philippo cuftodiis acrioribus 

Alexander ex gente Hercnlis per Caranum, fepiendam conjugem , Ariftander Tehnefius 

& gcnere materno -^acidem per Neoplole- uterum illam ait ferre, (nihil enim qnod in- 

mum fuifle pro certo creditur. Fama eft in ane fit fignari ) ac concepifTe eam infantera 

Samothrace initiatum cum Olympiade Phi- animofum 8c natura leonina. Vifus eft dra- 

lippum, quum eflet ipfe tum adolefcens, il- co etiam ad dormientis Olympiadis corpus 

km item puellam parentibus orbam araafl"e, exporreftus ; idque pr^cipue Philippi erga 

atque inde parata fratris voluntate Arymbse eara amorem & famiharem confuetudinem 

nuptias coifl^e. Sponfx, ante noftem qua tho- aiunt extenuafle, ut raro cubitum ad illam 

ro geniali junfli fuere, vifus eft Jove tonante commearet, quod vel timeret fafcinatio- 

venter fuus de coelo tangi, atque ex iAu lar- nes ejus & veneficia, vel confuetudinem c- 

gum fuccenfum ignem, qui mox erumpens jus, ut qu^ confuefceret cum numine quo- 

in flammas pafllm difperfas difliparetur. Phi- piam, devitaret. Alii aliter de his mtmo- 

lippus fpatio aliquo poft nuptias, vidit in rant, nempe omnes iftius regionis foemi- 

nas 



AAESANAPOS. 7 

v^h ytuucum mxo^ toH? 'O^^piiioig ^<tcu v^ roig (?^ tov Aiovva-oy o^yicKT- 

fiolg QM T» TTCLVV %(X'hCnQ, KAWcT&IVg^ TS Kj l/llfJLCtKhOVig iTTCtiVVfxictV iX^CTOUy 

TToAAot Tciig 'U^odvia-iv k^ Tciig f^ tov AJfjLov S^ricscug ofAoicL S^^miv' ctip' 
av hm v^ to ^^y^c-kSj^v 'ovoyLct Toig mTaKo^ig «^s^ ^9 (^.i^yoig 
k^a^yioug. « 'OhvfMTricig fxob^hov Wi^&iv ^Yi?\o^<TcLQ-ct Toig kcltox'^'^^ ^ "^«V 
cvdao-tctcr^aV cJ^oiynTct (iiA^^cte/mTi^v, o(pag fjLiydxng x^^'^^^'^ 'e(pdX- 
MTo Tolg S-icicrotg, 01 %o70\cim qm tS kitIS k^ '^ (JLv^imv hiyjoiv a^^vct- 
SiiofjSpoh »9 (^^ihiTiofj^oi Tolg B-v^(roig '^ yujuoumv v^ Toig g-e(pclvoig,- 
^i%Kr]T\ov T»V a.vS^^g, 

Ov fjLlw oLAAci <|)<A(W6) iJ^ fJL$ To (pddfjLa. Ttio.-^a.vli, Xai^c^va tov 
MiyahoTFohiTlw elg AiXCp^g, x^^^f^^^ KOfjn^mou 7\iyii(nv a^ tQ. 0g», 
}Li7\djov\(^ "KfJLfjLmi 3-veiv k^ o-i^i^ fjL0L7\i<^a tQtov tov O&oV ^kro^aT^eiV 
j) T^ o-vj/giwt/ cauTov tIuu iTi^v, Iw T^ '^ B-v^g d^fjLCd 7:^(T^a7\m, mT- 
Cd7fld)G-iV cv fJLo^(py] S^o^ytovl^^ crvuuSjva^oi^ov tm yiwouKi tov Otov. n 3 
'Oh.vfA,7noLg, (ag 'E^To^mg (pm, yr^vrifijra^ra tov 'A^^i^avS^^v (Mi tIw 
^^Teiav, Kj (p^(ra<Ta ftovoo to f^tfet' tIw TmoiTiV "^'^jinTov, c4tsA<^si/ 
d.^ia (p^veiv -^ •^S(r£&)?. STS^^t ii (pa(Tiv oujtIw d(poTiSid(, Kj X^yeiv, a 
TToujTiTcu fJLi (^ia^dh7\cdv ' ATJt^av^g'^ TT^g tLuu "Yi^v. 'i^^vnB-Yi cP' ^v 'A- 
?\i^av<^^^ Wai^ii fJLlwog ''Ex.aTOfjL^GUOdv^, ov yiaKiS^ovig Awoi/ KaK^(TiVj 
ixJn, KaB-' luu YijULi^v T" 'E(piTiag 'A^TifjLi^(^ cA>i7f^ncJY) ViCiig' dg '¥{.yY\Tia<! 
MdyvYjg (iBi^riCpc^vnMV cBi(po^vnfjLa KaTa<TQi<Tai tIw TTv^Kcudv oMeivlw tjsj^" 

'^vxe,ictg 

ms Orphicis & Liberi patris facris antiqui- te, ut Ammoni facrificaret, atque hunc Deum 

tus contaftas, Clodonafque & Mimallonas coleret imprimis: amififTe vero eum alterum 

cognomento diftas, multa Edonidibus ac oculum, quera rim£e ollii admovens Deuni 

Threflis iEmum accolentibus agere confimi- confpexit ferpentis figura cum uxore fua 

lia. Unde ^fntrxAav di£tio cributa eft immo- concubantem. Olympias autem (ut Erato- 

dicis & fuperftitiofis facrificiis. Olympias fthenes eft autor) quum euntem ad bcllum 

autem, prse csteris motum lymphaticum x,- profequcretur Alexandrum , arcanum ortum 

mulans, 8c fanaticum peragens ritum horri- ejus foli detexit, hortata ut pro natalibus 

diore fpeftaculo, ferpentes manfuefaftos tra- gereret animos. Ahi hoc illam aiunt abo- 

hebat , thiafis ingentes, qui ex hedera fub- minatam dixifle, Non definet Alcxander ia 

indc 8c myfticis cunis obiter prorepentcs, crimen me apud Junonem vocare. Natus 

thyrfofquc & coronas circumjefti percelle- Alexander eft die fexto menfis HecatombiKo- 

bant viros. nis, quem Loum vocant Macedones : quo dic 

Verura Phihppo, qui poft eam fpeciem fanum DianjE Ephefi^ conflagravit, cui rei 

Megalopolitanum Chseronem Delphos mifit, ita frigidam acclamationem attexuit Hegc- 

f^rtesreferuntfuiffe abx\poUineallatas, juben- fias Magncfius, ut ea incendium illud va- 

lueric 



8 AAESANAPOS. 

'^/vx&tag ^twdf^ov' €i}iOT(t)g -jS i(py) }ta.TOL<pMx^i)Vou tov H(eh "^ 'Af rg^fcTo? 
d^oT^HfMfYig aSti TYiv^AM^clvS^^a (JLGumiv.o(roi ''^'^ (jidyoi^v cv'E(pi(rci)(^ioL- 
TeA^^ovlsg iTvxov, To ^2tfei Tov viGdV TTcL^og Yiyiif^ijoi TroL^ag m^a (ty\(jlhov avcur 

MuiOV TCt 7r^(rCd7rct TV^Ol^Ot, )C, fho&vlig CiTYiV cifJLCL J^ (TVfJL(pO^V /JLiydXYIV 

Tw 'A(rtci TYJv «/^g^i/ cMeivlw TiTomou. ^iXiTtnod q a^r* UoTi^cuctv ^^yjKon 
T^eig ^KQV cLPyihicu k^ tov ouutov x^ovov « (j8{j,'lA?^veA^g ^t}(X.^ fjLoix^ (^^- 
yctTw) J^ici Ua^pfiodvog' « q, '07\v/UL7ftcL(Tiv 'i7r7r(t> KiAm vsvtKYiKiVcu' TejtTYi 5V 
(^ '^'AXi^dvi^^ii «^gcrgffl^. 2(p' olg yiS^o^ov, o^geiKog,iTi fjLoiXhov 01 /uoLvJei? 
iTFn^v, "^km^pcuvof^oi Tov TTouS^cL TejL(ri ViKcug (rvfyi^i)fj^oVy dviKYiTov 'ior&^. 
Tlw fjup »1/ IS^icLV t5 (rc^jUL0LT(^ ol AvG-iTTTretoi (jLd7\i<^0L T^O' dvS^e/dvlbiV 
ifx(pcuvii(nv, vCp' a fjLovki >^ ouuTog vi^i^ TrxdTJi^. v^ ^ fJLdht^cL ttoAAoI 
T^ «Aai/^o^^&v ^V^^v Kj T^^ (piKcdv dTiifjLtfjL^vlo-, tIw ts dvdTOL(rtv tQ ouu- 

'XiV^^ eig SjOdVVflOV VldV^^YI MKhtlBp^i J^ ThjtJ vyeJTYITOL T^" OfJLfldTOiV 

S^toLTiTYi^YiKiv d^eA^&g T^x^iT^g. 'AttsAAw? 3, y^cpodv Tov Ki^ouuvoCpoe^v, 

iiK 'ifJLtfJLYiaOLTO t!w X^^^' aAAot (paUOTie^V J^ 7r£7rtV0dfAfJOV STroiYKTiV. hZ 

3 h<9jKog, m (poi(rtv, « q KSjKOTYig 'i7ri(poivtoTiv cujtS fs^ to 9n^(^ fJ^d- 

7\tqcL Y^ TO 7ieJ(^0b7t0V. OTt Q tQ X^^'^^^ Yl^^f^OV dTTiTrVet, J^ TO <^0fJLOL KOLT- 

iiXiV SjOD^tOL ^ tIuu (rd§K0L 7vd(TcLv, 6)Vt2 /TAwfac^ T^V ;^iT&)t/Kr;^a?, dvky- 
m\^j cv vziTOfjLVYifjLOL^rtv 'AejL<^o^€veiotg. cuTioL Q iVdt)?, « T» (TOdfjLaT^^ Ke^~ 
(Ttg, TfoAv^i^fj,©^ ^(TOL K^ 7rv^od<hg- « y^ dJodJ^ioL yiv\) vri-^et t^ Jy^-fflj/ 
\htro S-i^fjLOTYiT(^, (ig oiiTcu ©io(pe^9(^' oB-iV oi 'B,Y\e^\ Jt, (^td^rve^i 

TOTTOt 

luerit reftingiiere. Merito enim arfine ait Etenim,quain prxcipue fuccefTores ejus com- 

templum, dum fuit Diana in Alexandri enixu plures poft & amici a:mulati funt, projeftam 

obftetricando diftrifta. Magi vero, quotquot cervicem 6c in finiftrum humerum modice 

agebant Ephefi, fani inflammationem exifti- propenfam,oculorumque volubiHtatem ad un- 

mantes alteriiis effe prodigium cladis, difcur- guem expreffit ille artifex. Alexandrum pin- 

rerunt, faciemque ccciderunt, clamaverunt- gens fulmen tenentem non repraefentavit A- - 

que grandem peftem 6c perniciem Afis illo pelles colorem ejus: magis fufcum 8c fordidio- 

die editam. Philippus capra modo Potidiea, rem fecir, quum fuerit (ut aiunt) candidus, 

codem die tres nuntios accepit, fufos a Par- qui color in peftore & facie potiflimum pur- 

menione ingenti pugna Illyrios', alterum, O- purafcebat. Odorem autem ex cute ejus gra- 

lympiis fe equi pernicitate vicifTc, tertium, tifHmum afflaffe, os ejustotumque corpus red- 

ratum Alexandrum. His nimirum la:tum didiffe fragrantiara, quara interiores tunica; re- 

magis etiam erexere vates, qui afKrmaverunt, tinebant, in commentariis Ariftoxeni legimus. 

infantcm, in cujus natales triplex concurre- In caufi fuit fortaflis fervidum&igneum cor- 

rat viftoria, fore inviftum. poris ejus temperamentum. Gignitur enim o- 

Corporis ejus figuram LyfippL ftatuas ma- doris fuavitas (ut Theophrafti eft opinio) con- 

xime demonftrant, a quo voluit folo fingi. co6lis a calore humoribus. Unde aridi Sc fervidi 

y tradus 



AAESANAP0 2. 9 

-^ «Ai©^ ro vy^h ^oxr^ ^"^^ (n)Wi(^ov(^, cBiTfoT^ci^ov rolg <roifjLct(nv. 
'Am^clv^^v « ^i^yLorY\g ra (T(^}jlcit(^, 6jV loiy.iV, v^ TfonKov k^ S-vfj.oa- 
(^i) TroipeiyiV. iri o ovlo? ouJrQ ■Kcui'oq-» « rs (T(ii(p^(jiwn ^i,i(palvi.To^ vr^g 
Toi70\(jL jicLyS^ouov^^vJct )^ (ps^fApov <T(poJ^^£g, cv Tcug ri(^ovcug Toug ^zefec to 
(T^fjLOL ^v(T)i'mrov ^vcuy y^ ]w5 ttoAAji? -n^cLOTYir^^ cLTpii^cu T^J TOi^drm' n 

Tg (ptMTifJLiCt -Kd^ Yl7^l)ii0LV g^^g/tfiW «^^t^Sf TO (p^VYlf/^Ct Kj f/.iycthO'^VXOV. 

bJ^g T^ W TTctwoV ii^s TroLToLV YiyciTroL <^()^ciVj cag <I>(A{7r7r(^ Aoya. rs 
(S^eivoTYin (Topi^img mh7\cd7Fi^o^(^j k^ rdg o^ 'OKvfjLmct vimg -zV (^^- 
UL(ir(jiV IfxoL^rlciiV Toig vofJLi^TjULOL^rtv' dXhd y^ T^i (^ ouutov >^7rf<^&)f/9^'&)i/ 
«' (l>iMir (>iv 'OTwfJLTtioidiv dycdVi^roL^ g-d^toVy ( /tJ y) TToS^Ody.Yig ) Ei' yf> 
gcpj], jScto-iAet? IfXiKhov l^etv dv\oLy(tiVi<^dg. (palvf) o ^^ Kct^ohH Tt^g to 
tV ct^AwT^ -^'(^ aAAoTei&)? e;:^&)i/* TrAeiVa? ys rot 3-«? dymcLg a ^ttofov 

T^y(jd^(iiV K, OtJUAYITOdV K^ Ki^OL^Odt^SVj CtAAot >t, pCt'4/«i^6)l/, 5"«^? Tg TTOli^O- 

£^a7r«? >9 jioL^^oiJLOLxioLg, Hri TtvyfJLng-» iire Trafc^rin fxird nv(^ (m^^Y^,g 
iB-YjKiV dS-Aov. 

TaV f^^ Ta UiedSv |2>cta-iAe&)? Tr^go-i^ei? movloLg ^S<7n>^Y\fj.Qv\(^ ^iKiit- 
Tra ^tvifyvy >^ '^ofjSiJ^ (rwunS-ngy iV&)? g^^^^i^wVctTo rw (piXo(p^(rujuii}, Kj 

tJ |W.«C^2V g^6)V«ftCt TTCUl^MOV i^CdTYldCU, fJLYl^\ fJLiKp^^-, CtAA 0^6?!/ T£ ^«V>7, 

>L wo^eioig '^ dv(t) t^ttov bmuju^dvi^ou, v^ (UfCi ouutQ (^oL^nXio^g, o7roi(^ 
«» w^g TbV TToMfjLiag, Kj rig y\ ng^a-&)'t/ d7\}iY\ k^ S^ujJUfJLig' od<^i B-ouufj.d- 

l^eiV 

traftus plurimas 8c optimas fpecies aromatum Sane, fi habiturus fim, inquit, adverfarios 

edunt. Exhaurit enim fol humorem in fum- reges. Apparet autem abhorruifle euiii 

mis corporibus exiftentem, ut putredinis ma- prorfus ab athletarum natione > quippe 

teriam. Alexandrum autem calor corporis qui agonas ediderit plurimos tragcedo- 

vinofum reddidit 8c iracundum. A prima rum, tibicinum, fidicinum, immo etiam 

pueritia forte eluxit temperantia ejus. Nam rhapfodorum, venationis cujufque generis, 

quum ad ah'a vehemens effet & ardens, haud & fuftuariarura pugnarum : neque pugila- 

Eicile movebatur corporis voluptatibus, ac tus, neque pancratii ftudiofe certamen exhi- 

fumma cum moderatione eas deguftabat. At buit. 

gloriie cupiditas ejus fupra tetatem fpiritus Legatos ab rege Perfamm miflbs abfen- 

habebat foHdos & celfos. Neque cnim undi- te Philippo accipiens hofpitio, fltftufque his 

que neque gloriam aucupabatur omnem, ut fxmiharis, ita cepit comitate fua, & quod 

Philippus, qui Ibphiftarum more facundiam nihil interrogaret puerile vel demilfum, fed 

fuara oftentabat, & viftoriis curruum Olym- prolixitates viarum exquireret, atque itine- 

piacis fuis nummos flgnabat : fed quum ten- ris in fuperioribus regionibus rationem > ac 

tarent eum miniftri, quia pernix erat pedi- de rege, qui adverfus hoftes, quje denique 

bus, an Olympiis certare curriculo vellet, vires & potentia eflent Perfarum : ut ftupe- 

VoL. IV. B rent 



lo A A E S A N A P O S. 

(jiV cMeivac, >^ rlw MyofjS^jlw (^ihiTrTni (^eiVOTnrct fjLYi^^sv riyei^ "K^g rlw 
rS 7rcU(^og o^fjlut) k, iuLiya?\07r^yfjL0(TuvLuu. otTCLMg ySv dT^aJyih^m 4><A- 

i7i7t(^ Y} 7t07\.iV ivS^O^OV «fWwVj Y) IX.cbxJjM TtVCt ^afec^oVof ViVl}iy]m?y » 

Trdvv (pcuS'^'; huu ciKiim, ctAAct 7r^g raV YiAmmag gAs*^, w 7roU(^€g, 

TfCtvJa. TT^A^-vJ/g^ 7rotT«^' ifJLo] Q 5i J^gV ^C^A^-vJ/^ ]«.€&' V^^t^ i^yoV >v?75- 

JV/^a^ jUgy^ v^ 'hoLfJLTf^v. a y) vihvlw (JiAwi/, a<::!^8 TrAyroi', aAA' ot^g- 
rhuu J^ (^o^oLV, QMofJLi^iv, o(rct) nheiovcL A^^J/g^ ^Zt^a t8 ^rar^g, sXoLTJova 
mTo^^(id(reiV cTi' koujTQ. (ho Tolg TT^yfjLadiv oju^of^oig KaTavaAi(rKi^ou 
rdg 7r^^eig dg cAielvov «y«|U^(^, g^^Agro fjLn •^(^^Yifiara fJLYiS% Te,v(pdg -ti 
"^houu^retg, dh7\ dyodvag v^ 7j;o7\ifjL^g >^ (pi7\0TifjLiag e;;^«(rctt' d^x'^^ a^^- 
Aa^eiV. TToAAo) (j8p aV ^Zefet rluu cJ^fiiKeiav, dg eiKog, Yi(rav ouurQ, r^- 
(peig ■iij 7fca§ay(tiyoi v~^ h^d(iy.a7\o\. AsyojuS/jor T^d^iV d^' gCp«?-Jix« Kimi^ag, 
dvYi^ To,Ti «3-©-' oJ^ji^Vj ^^ cuP^nV '07\vfi7nd<P(^' cwrog fj9^ ^v <pdj- 
yt&v To r' TTcu^ayodyiag ovofjLa, m7.ov l^yov g;^8V«? )^ Xafu.7r^v, vm q 
t£v d7\7.(t}V (hd ro d^^idJfia v^ rhdj oheiorwa r^^pdjg ' AAi^dvt^^ki Kj 
Ka^yYirng Ka7\>ifjafj(^. o q to ^fJ.-a r» TvouS^ay^tiyQ %j rluu %^(TYiyo^av 
\:m7ioi'6f^'^, Y\v Av^rifiax^^y r4 "j^^ 'AKa^vdv, ctAAo fAfj «cf^gi/ g- 
^(^(iiiv dg-elov, ori S'' touurov f^ (idVOfJLa.l\v ^oiviKa, rov q 'A7\i^av- 
^^ov, 'A;:^iAAgfi4, n«Agct o, rov ^i7.i7r7rov, ^yaTrdro, k^ S^^ri^v «;^g 

rent illi, celebratamque Philippi folertiam num, fed bellorum, fed glorice refertum im- 

& vim nihil putarent cum hujus pueri com- perium accipere ab eo. Multi ejus inftitu- 

parandam alacritate & magnificis faftis, qu3C tionis nimirum appofiti fuerunt nutritii, pje- 

promittebat. Itaque quum allatum eflet aut dagogi, & magiftri appellati : quibus omni- 

Robilem urbem a Philippo captam, aut il- bus impofitus Leonidas erat, vir & mori- 

lum infigni potitum viftoria, non ufque a- bus feverus & propinquitate Olympiada con- 

deo gaudebat iis nuntiis, verum ad cequales tingens. Hic pxdagogi nomen cura honefto 

dicebat, Omnia praeripict, fodales, pater, & fpeciofo conjunftum ofiicio repudiabat, 

neque ullum mihi infigne & illuftre relin- atquc ab ahis dignitatis 8c neceflitudinis cau- 

quet vobifcum perpetrandum fiicinus. Qimm fa nutritius Alexandri & re£bor vocabatur: 

cnim neque delicias concupifccret neque illc qui fpeciem pxdagogi 8c vocabulum fu- 

«pes, fed virtutem & gloriam, quo pkira ac- mebat Lyfimachus, nationc Acarnan, urbani- 

ciperet a parente, eo arbitrabatur fe per fe tate nulhi prarditus erat aha, fed, quod Phoe- 

«defignaturum pauciora. Qiiare incrcfcente nicem nomlnaret {c^ Alexandrura, Achillem, 

imperio, abfumi fibi materiam pr^clararum & Phihppum, Peleum, ideo gratus erat, & 

«ftionum judicans, geftiebat non pecuniam, fccundum locuni tenebat. 
»on luxura, non voluptatesj fed certami- 

Quum 



AAESANAPOS. ii 

inTtCd Ttt-^TyiOuS^tKCL TCiKOiv](tiV, KCLTi.^lf)(TCLV «V TQ TTi^^ioV <^0)HjLui(rovJzg TOV 

mnov' st^oKCi Ti ;^aAg7roV ^vct/. Kj kojuiiS^yi dVcr;^^»^^^, aVg civa^oLTlw 
TT^a-LiySiJ©-', ^Ti (pcovriv vmiuiJ(t)v Tivog Tav ^zifei tov <i>i?\i7f7rov, cl?^.X oi^ 
TToivlodV K(X.Ti^avi'FdiJ^(^' (^v(rx^ouvoP:(Sh' Q tQ <[>fAt'7r7ra, j^ KiKd)o'v](^. 
cLTToiyay «V •Kdyld-ncL^nv dye^ov j^ cLKoKa^ov' 7tcl^(av 'AXi^avi^^(^ «Trgi/, 
oiov \7cn0v >c<n3AAuii(7"ii;, cTt' cL7reieJ.av j^ ju.aT^.ayJav x^^'^'^^ f^^ S^uvoL^oi. 
To !uS{j fesf TT^mov (i>iAi,7r7T(^ tinoiTrimv' 7ro7\XcLm J^' ctJTa ((^<^3-iy- 
yof^a )lj CikA7ra^^v\(^i 'E^nTif^ag (tv, i(pn, ^r^io-^^vTi^^tg, &)V ri TThiov ouu- 
Tog « J^&jV, 'w fjidATKov 'iTr^rct) x^n^ra^cu S'uiid(^(^ j TaVa y^i/, g(|)Ji, ;\;;f «- 
(rou.iAw dv W^a /2>gATtov. ctf q /uy) ;^^tiVv), TtW <^/;c«v -^ 7r^7riTdag v(pL 
'^etg-y 'Eyod:, vy\ Aia, «Trgi/, )hniTi(r(t) tQ 'iTr^rki tIjuu tiiuLuj. '^oju^^ua q yg- 
?^CdT(^j «Tflt oejtcrfjL^ Ti^g d?J\n7\>ig elg to d^yveAov, d>3-vg ^r^G-S^^fjLcay 
tu iWTro), yi^ c^^?\a^a)V tIlu rwiav 'sTvig-^i-^s 7r^g tov nXiov' (Ag hiKiV, 
cvvoYKTag 'oTi tIw crndv ^r^^rTri^flacrav ;^ (raKSjoi^hjD o^&v 7r^ ouutS, 
S'taTa^.TloiTo. fjLu^ 3 «t&) (z^^cM.a?\7rd(rag }lj ^iaTW^mag, wV k(a^ 
7r?\Y)^>^fjS{Jov B-vju^ }lj 7j:vdjfjLaT<^-, )><My^i-\ag «(mp/M tIuj 'xJ^ayivSa, v^ 
(JLiTiOdeATag ouuTov., d(T<pa?\.odg ^Ztfecs^n. >c, fj,iK^ f^ (U^Xa^(^v Toug moug 
Tov ;^otA(i/oV dvSj ^rAYiyng »9 cma^yfjLH 7r^(ravig-ei?Kiv' &)V sJ^ tov 
'Ittttov d(pei'/,0Ta tIw d7ret?\lujy o^yodvla q Tr^V tov S^^fJLov, dcpeig -ii^iomiy, 
n^n (poDVYj 3-^<TVTi^(z, j^ ^rot^og K^ii(Tei x^^h^^- '^ ^^^ t^^ <[>iA*7r- 

TTOV 

Quum BucephalumPhilonlcusTheflalus ad poenam pendes temeritatis? Ego hercle, in- 

Philippum duxifTet tredecim talentis venalem, fit, pretium equi dependam, Alexander. Hic 

defcenderunt ad equum probandum in cam- rifus confequutus eft, inde fponfio inter eos 

pum. Videbatur autem morofus & perquam de pecunia. Mox accurrit ad equum Alex- 

tra£tatu difficiUs, neque quenquam admitte- ander, correptifque habenis convertit eum 

bat in fedem, nec vocem ferebat uUius Phi- adverfus folem. Adverterat nimirum, quod 

hppi comitum, verum in omnes infurgebat. incurrentcm & agitatam ante oculos umbram 

Igitur ubi pertsefus PhiUppus abduci jufTit cernens perceUeretur. Tum moUiter eum 

quafi omnino fcrura & indomitum, afiiftens palpavit manuque leniter du£ta permulfit: 

Alexander air, Quem equum perdunt ifti, quem ubi ferocientem vidit &c exultantem, 

qui propter imperitiam & molUtiem tractare abjefta leniter chlamyde infiUit in eum, 8c 

e-jm nequeunt ! Id primum tacitus PhiUppus nuUo negotio confcendit-. Frienum autem 

tulit. At crebrius quum obloqueretur & an- placide habenis adducens , fine verberibus 

geretur, Culpas tu, inquit, majores ntitu, vel calcaribus impetum ejus repreffit. Uc 

quafi peritior fis, aut traftare equum noveris ferocia lenita equum currere geftientem vi- 

reftius? Hunc certe meUus, inquit, aUis trac- dit, admifit jam eum, vocemque ferociorem 

tem. Si non trades, inquit PhiUppus, quam ac pedum puUum adhibuit. Hic PhiUp- 

B i pi 



13 AAESANAPOS. 

TTov Iw ciyodvia, Kj criyw to %^mov' «V o itcLfJLr]/(ig gTrgf^g^J/gi/ o^S-^g, cro- 
fooL^g )ij ygynOwV) oi f^ ctAAoi Trcti/lg? «Aot-Aotjav, o q 7rotr>if >^ (^oDi^va-cu 
Ti AgyO TT^V t/«) X^^^"» ^ >tcLTCL^(iv\(^ cwtQ t«i/ KiCpaAnv (piT^ria-oLg, 

Ca TTDU, (pOLVCUf QjTH (TiCUIJl^ ^0L(rt7\eiCiV KTYIV' Mci>iii^0ViOL yoL^ (Tg « ^^- 

KotOo^^i/ 3 TMt/ (pi/Vii/ a;t;V« ^v(rKmTov f£p ^(tglv, 2eA(roLvJ(^ jUyj f^lOL- 
^Yivou, poLtS^iOdg Q ctyof^lw \!ztra Aoy^ ^^'? "^^ ^^^^^ cwTog rg TreiS-m 

iTTH^TO (JiclXhOV Y\ 7r^(rT0LT]eiV, K^ Tolg fZefei fJUdCTmV }Lj TCL ipKVKTKiOL TTCU- 

^SjTcug b TrcLvv t) Tng-djodv Triv cMi?-oL(rioLV dujt^ k^ KOLTcl^TKnv, oig (jlhI^o^ 
i/©^ ^dCJLV TT^yiuLaTeioLg, Kj k^ tov ^ocpoKhiciy 

noAA&)i/ ;:^ctA{v&)i/ i^yov oloLKm 3-' (tjULa, 
fjLiTiTri^^^aro -j^ (piXo(To(pm tov h^o^oTaTov %j 7\oymrcLTov, 'Ke/^^oTi- 
?.lw, Kahoi iij Tf^iTTovJa (^ti^a^rKCLhioi Ti7\i(rag ojutw. t«i/ y) ^TctyetejL^P^ 
7ro7\iV, cJ^ Yig riv 'Ae^^^oTiXng, dvoLg-aTov vtt' ouutQ yi^Yif^jlw, (riw(^Ki(r& 
7rcL7\iv, K^ T^g ^taipvyovlag « i^nT^diovlag '^ 'KoKiTm '^KTdKaTis-YKnv. yo- 
7\h f^ 81/ ojuTolg >^ (^iaTeA^nv to <z^ Mii(^av vvju(pcuov a.7ri<^et^€V, oTra 
[JLiXtL vvv ' Ke^^oTiTKng "i^^g Ti 7\ihivag, k^ v-KOdKi-ng (^TtdTHg ^eiKvvmtv. 
iotK€V Q 'K7\i^av(^^(^ 8 jULovov Tov YiS-iKov j^ 7io7\tTiKov o^^Xa^etv 7\oyov, 
cL7\7\oi K^ TCdv '^hromTOdV k^ (ia^vTi^oi)v S^tS^a^rKaT^iodv, ctV ol dv(^^ig \<^iodg 

CLKe^aiLLaTtKOLg J^ iTTOTfllKOLg 7t^(7ayO^^Ov\ig, iiK S^iCpi^v «V TTOAAaV /ttg- 

TOLOj^etv. Y](^Y) ^ etg 'Miav ^ta^i^YiK(^g, v^ 7rvB-opp(^ 7\oy'dg Ttvoig cv (^t- ' 

CAiotg 

pi comitatum folicitudo primum ac filentium philofophorum clariflimum & eruditiflimum • 

inceflit: ut vero flexit 6c rite convertit e- accivit, Ariftotelem, prs:miumque ei dedit 

quum glorians, ovanfque, cseteri omnes ap- inftitutionis pra:clarum & dccorum. Stagi- 

plaufere : patri vero manafte etiam aliquan- ram nempe patriam Ariftotelis, quam exci- 

tulum gaudio lacrymas ferunt : at poftquam deraf, iterum frequentavit incolis, civefque, 

defiliit ex equo, caput ejus ofculatus, Quaz- qui in exilio aut in fervitute erant, reduxit 

re, inquit, fili, par tibi regnum : fiquidem non domura. Ludum eis 6c ftudii locum Nym- 

capit te Macedonia. phxum prope Miezam aflignavit : ubi & hac 

Porro ingenium ejus confiderans non facile aetate fedes Ariftotelis lapideas & ambulatio- 

impelli, quod relu£taretur cogentibus, fed nes umbrofis monftrant. Probabile eft au- 

rationibus prompte ad officium duci, etiam tem Alexandi-um ab eo non ethica modo 

ipfe fuadere potius quam imperare tentavit & politica prxcepta percepiffe, verum e- 

ei. MuficEe & trivialium artium doftoribus tiam ex interioribus Sc gravioribus difcipli- 

non fi\cile credens inftitutionem & cxpolitio- nis, quas acroamaticas &c cpopticas illi pe- 

nera ejus, quod rem duceret magis arduam, culiariter nuncupant, ncque efferebant in 

atqueeamquashaberet, utapud Sophoclemeft, vulgus, attigifle. Quum enim jam in Afiam 

Multis opus frtsriis, etiam clavis frmul: tranfiflet, atque ad fe eiTet delatum com- 



men- 



A A E S A N A P O S. 13 

^TkIoi^ (S^ TiiTCidV \sm ' AeA^^oTihng QMhS^oi^-y y^(pei n^g cwtov vttI^ 
(piho(ro(pictq 7rajiJ!y](noL(^ofjS{j(^ c%$-oA/a;, «? civ]iy^(pov k^tv 'AAsJoiv- 
cf^f^ 'Ae/fOTgAei <£ 7T^.T\eiV. hx, o^S-cdg Iwoimctgy cMi^Qg raV dK^cLfJLct- 
TiK^g 'P^ 7\oy(jdV. Tivi yJ Syj (^ioia-oi^ w^«? T^f ccAA&ii/, ei Kct^' ^g lircu- 
J\^'3-njU(S/j Koyag-, iiToi TroivJoiv tn-ovlou '/.oivoij syM q )3»Ao(u/6y av Tcjug 

csk). Toi oiei^^OL ifJLTTC-ieJioug, Y\ TCag S^UJUcLfJLiCn J)0LCpi^eiV. m)(t)(T0. TOUJtIuJ f£{J 
^V tIw CpihOTlfJLicLV OCUtS CZe^/^t^ObfjlO^©-' 'AeAS^OTi^.Yig, ^^CTOXoyCiTCU f^tfei 

'^ hoyct)v cAieivcdv, (^g 'oMhS^oi/^jodv ■^ fJLn 'oMhS^oiBpcdv. dhYfyodg -^B, « fJ^ 
TOL (pv(Ti>L(ji Tt^yixcJLTHan TT^g ^iS'a<Ty.0LKicLV ;^ fjLCL^miV ii(^sv tx^^^ X^^- 
a-ijULov, \:mSHyfJLOL Toig 7ri7rcuiSd)f^oig oi^r' cLe^y^g yiy^7i\ou. 

AoyM H jULoi yt. to (piT^iaT^eiv ' AXi^oLvJ^^ct) Tr^^TTejL-^ai^ fULdKhov m- 
^cidv ' Atf-^^oTiXm' a y^ pLovov tIw BsoieAav nydTTncriv-, dhhd k^ vocriicnv 
's^^onS-ei Toig (pihoig, -^- GtwnaTk S-£^a7reiag Tivdg >^ (SicuTag, oog qm t^ 
cJm<^o7\m "ka^eiv g^ff . /tJ q j^ (pvcrei (pi7\o7\oy(^ -Zj (pi7\ofxa^Y\g >9 (piKavayvcJ)- 
$■«?■ v^ tLuu f^ 'iKidi^a t' TroAifjLiKng d^sTng s(po(^iov h^ vofjLi^odv -^ ovofjLdlJodv, 
i7\a^iv fB^ 'Ag/foTsAb? S^io^B-o^cravJQ^» nv oji tQ vd^^n^(^ }La7\Q(nv' ^^iv 
Q dei fJ^ tQ g/^«g/<^t'« Keif^lw vm to 7re^(T}ii(pd7\ouov-, &)V ' Ovn(Ti)i^.Tng 
Wo^nuv. T^ i) aKhoiv (ii^7\iodv ^a dj7roi^odv CJD Toig dvoi T07roig, "A^Tiahov 
QMi7\Sj(rs ^vifJL^^ai' }iclKeiv(^ i^rsfjL^^iV cujt^ ^dg t£ <^<A(V« (^i^cAngj k^ t^ 
'Eve/^TtiSa K^ ^o(po}i7\iiig jc, Al^v7\ii TpjLyodhm dvxydg, y^ TsAefa k^ <!)<- 

Ao^gfa 

mentarios de . his ab Ariftotele editos, philo» Ego quidem arbitror medicinae quoqne 

fophiae nomine expoftukns fcribit ad eum ftudio imbutum prtecipue ab AriftoteleAlex- 

literas, quarum hoc eft exemplum. Alexan- andrum. Namque non tantum commentatione 

der Ariftoteli falutem. Parum refte fecifti ejus deleftatus eft, verum multis etiam amicis 

quod difciplinas acroamaticas vulgaveris. Ubi fuccurrit in morbis, priEfcripfitque certa re- 

enim c£Eteris praeftabimus, fi has in quibus in- media & rationem viftusj quod ex epiftoh's 

ftituti fumus, omnibus promifcuie erunt dif- ejus difcas. Fuit prsterea natura ftudiofus & 

ciplinas ? Ego vero optimarum rerum fcien- mult^e leftionis. IHada autem virtutis bellicie 

tia mallem me quam potentia prsecellere. 6c credens 8c appellans inftitutionem, accepit 

Vale. Quam illius ambitionem Ariftoteles ab Ariftotele correftam, quam ex narthecio 

leniens, purgat fe de iUis difciphnis, afferens vocant. Eam femper cum pugione (ut prodidic 

ita efle in lucem prolatas ut non eflent pro- Oneficritus) repofitamhabebatfubpulvino.A- 

lat£e, Revera enim commentarius ille de re- horum Hbrorum quum in fuperioribus provin- 

bus metaphyficis ad docendum vel difcen- ciisnon elfet ei facultas, mandavit Harpalo ut 

dum nihil habet compendii. Eft autem ea mitteret. IUe mifit ei Philifti Hbros, Euripi- 

fcriptus mente, fpecimen rnodo ut eflct eru- difque &: SophocHs, & ^EfchyH tragoedia- 

ditis. rum magnam vim : Teleftis quoque Phi- 

loxenique 



14 AAE2-ANAP0 2. 

yitIqv, dg cwrog gAg'^, t» nar^g, &)V c^i' c4t«i/oi/ |tj6^' ^6)V, J^iC6 Ta^roi/ q 
y.a7\&g (Jwi/, t/Vs^i/ •uz«ra7r7oVg^i' g^sv, «'% ft^^^g 7roi«o-ca rt ;ta?coi/, aAA' cdi 
^tAo(:f)^£rJi/cM To (T<po^^v cAieivo yt^ (^i^KliKov ax. iX^(rcLt Ti^g ouutov-, olA- 
T^.orexoTYiT^ l-j^ovJo T€x.fjLYi(iiov. fjJ^JTOi TT^g <pi7\o(To(pia.v \fJL7li(pvyMg ytj 
crvvJS^/u.i^j'^ oltt' d^XT^g cwitd ^^X(^ li^ tto-S-©^ «x oJ^ty^vYi t' ■^'vxyigi 
dg Y\ (i^ ' Avd^cL^X'^^ "^^ t»^ji, ^ tol 7rifX(p^tv\cL "EiVoyt^TH T^ivlmovlcL 
TCL7\Oiv\oLy >c, Aoivt^afjLig >y Kgl?\clv(^ iVw aTjaS^cLSrivJeg illcl^tv^^g-iv. 

OiA/TTTra Q <F^T<^ov]^ cJ^ '^v^avTi-dgi Iw f^ hy.cuhKiTYjg o 'A^i^cLV- 
S^(^' ''^7\^(p^Hc Q KveA^^ CM/ y[cLy.ii'ovicL t^ n^.yfj.ctTm j^ t' crp^. 
y-iS'^, MiS'oi.^m TS THg dpig-£Tag m.Ti9^i'^aT0y .^ 7ro7\iv eA&V aJVfi', 
TbV fjSp fia^iooL^iig cJiann7\aa-iv, crv/jLiLtiyliig o }taToui(ragy ' A^^s^avS^^Tro- 
Xiv 7r^(TY)yo^Sj(7iV. ov 5 Xcu^meicL r' vr^g t«V "E7\7\ljuuag fxdxYig Traecov 

fJLiTiiyiV, J^ 7\iyiT0U 77^S)T(^ (l,V(Tei(rcn TU ig^&) 7\0X(^ 'J^^ &Y)<oCU(t)V. gVi Q 

;t, ;t<:49' >?^ot? sS^eiKVVTO 7ra^.ojd a^^ tov Yj\p\,(Tov ' AKi^dvS^^n KaX^i^jY) 
^^vg-i 7r^g w TOTi KaTi(TKhuu(t>(TiV.y v^ ro ^toTwavS^tf-ov a 7ropp&) rodv hiaK^- 

^OV(£iV l^iV' CAt fJ^ ^V T«V&)I/, &)V «JioV, OiAtTTTT^^ JTTg^tiyCtW ToV LfoV, 

fc)Vs K^ x^^^^-> '^^^ yiaKiSov(t>v ' A7\i^av(^^ov fj^j (ha(Ti7\iay O/A^TrTroi/ 3, 
g"£^T«yoi/ Ka7\iiv](idv. ctl Q fZefet t/«) ohiav ra^x^ ^^^ '^^'> ydfJLng j^ t»V 
sV6)Ta? caiTi?, r^TTov rivd r' ^a^TiKaag tw yiwaiKCtivirii^L (Tiwvoo-ii^Tngy 
TToAAct? cwTja? >t, fJLiyd7^.ag hapo^^g 7ra§eixov' dg ri -^ '07\vfjL7tidS(^ 

XcO\i- 

loxenique dithyrambos. Ariftotekm vero , bera poteftate cura, Medaros rebellantes fub- 

quem initio fufpexit 8c charum habuit non egit, captoque oppido expulit barbaros, ac 

fecus (ut ipfe diftitabat) quam parentem, dedufta illuc colonia miftorum, Alexandro- 

quod hujus beneficio viveret, illius, honefte poUn id appellavit. PrceUo adverfus Grxcos 

viveret, habuit poft fufpcftiorem : non quo ad Cheroneam commiffb interfuit, ac primus 

illum ulla in re la;deret, fed familiaritas pri- dicitur in facram Thebanorum cohortem in- 

ftinum ardorem & dileftionem non retinens, curriffe. Annofa quercus adhuc noftra me- 

notam praetulit alienationis. Hic tamen er- moria prope Cephifura oftendebatur, Alex- 

ga fapientise ftudium innatus & innutritus a andri di6ta, ad quam tunc tetendit, neque 

prima setate amor dcfideriumque non cffluxit procul tuniulus Macedonum abeft. Hinc fi- 

ex animo ejus: quod habitus Anaxarcho ho- Hum non immerito Phihppus admodum di- 

nos, & quinquaginta mifla talenta Xenocrati, lexit, ut etiam gauderet, quum Alexiuidrum 

Dandamifque & Calanus ita ab eo culti te- Macedones regem,Philippum appellarent du- 

ftantur. cem. Atdomeftici ex nuptiis 6c amoribusejus 

Movente in Byzantinos Philippo annum fluftus, conta6lo aliquatenus fimul gynscei 

jetatis gerebat Alexander fextum dccimum. aegrirudine regno,multa jurgia intereos mag- 

Demandata ei Macedonite 8c figilli cura li- naique invexere diflenfiones, quas Olympiadis 

acer- 



i 



A A E S A N A P O S. 15 

v>i(TY\Q Tov 'AAi^AvS^^v. cM(pavi9(irluu Q ''AtIolA^ Tra^i^iv iv Tolg KAso- 
7ra.T^.g ydfjLo^g, y\v o O^AiTTTr^^ nyctyiTo Tra^B-mv, k^^ag Tra^' ^hiKiav 
•^ y.of«?. 3-«©-' -jS ^v OJUTn? o ''ATJaK(^, cm t^ TTOTOd (jLi^vm, 7ra^i}ta.Xa 
T»V yia^iS^ovag ouTH^ a^ (dit^v yvriQ-iov qm ^iKinna k^ KKioTrdT^g 
•^gtSg i^idhx^^^ '^ |3aa-iA«a?. zfm TiiTC^ na^^vuu^eig o ' AKi^avS'^^^, Kj 
unodv, YjfjLeig c^g (toi, KaKYi >cg(^aA«, voS-oi (^oKQfjjp j g^oiAg a-x.v(pov 'i7r' cw~ 
Tov. 6 0<A<7r7r(^ sV cAceivov S^avi<^Y\, azra<rdi^(^ to ^i(p(^' t^JTvxiot 
3 haTi^a, c^ict Tov B-vjulov k^ tov o]vov l%i(riv (r(paheig. o q 'Aa«5<xj/J^^(^ 
'e^pv^^eJ^C^v, OvT@^ f^TOh elTTiV, dv^^ic, eig 'A(riav o^ I,vq(amg Tra^i- 
(TKSjdljiTO Si.a^cuveiV, og il^m xhivhuu '^hro x.h.ivy]g ha^ou.v(AV dvaT^T^TfJou. 
(x^ tcwtIw tLuu Tra^oiviav, dvaAa^oCdv tIw 'OTwfj.TTidS^a, j^ K.aTa7Y\(Tag elg 
"HTTa^ov, cwTog cji) 'iKhv^o^ig <^ikeji^iv. bi TiiTO) q AniLtd^aT(^ 6 KoeJ.v- 
B-i<^, §g!/©^ wv T' ohiag, kou 7raj)j>n(Tiag fXiTix^^^ d<piKiTo vr^og ^^iT^-^Trov, 
fJL^ Tag vr^odTag h^i(Ji^eig kcu (PiKo(p^o(nwag, eiri^ooT^v]^^ th <J>iA<V- 
7ra 7r&)? ix^^^^ ofj,ovoiag Tr^og otAA«A«? ol ' EAA^sc, Udvv yQv, t(pYi, (toi 

TT^OTYl^i-ei O/AtTrTrg K^hSl^ T" 'EAAct^©-', Og TOV OiKOV TOV (TiCWT^ <^d(Ti(Ag 

TO(TavTYig >tou KaK^v \fX7ii7:7\Y\Kag. 5^r&) ^y\ (TVfA(peovn(Tag 6 <t>iAi7r7r(^ , 
i7[ifJT]/i Kou KaTYiyayi, 7rei(Tag S\d t5 Anfxa^Tii tov 'AM^avi^^ov. 

''ETTei Tli)^0(^(i)^(S>^ ILaedcL^ (TaT^.nrig, \:m(hiQfj^'^ <^i olKeiOTriT'^ 
aV t!w <i>iXi7r7rii (TVfXfJ.axiciv, I^^Kito tIw 7t^i(T^vTdTlw rm ^vyaTt- 

■ • ^(t^v 

acerbitas, fufpiciofe mulieris Sc triftis, quod lefto in le£tum tranfgrediens procidit. Pofl 

incenderet Alexandrum, exaggeravit. Exagi- hanc infolentiam abduxit fecum Olympiada, 

tavit maxime eas Attalus in nuptiis Cleopa- quam in Epiro coUocavit. Ipfe contulit fe 

tr£e, quam Philippus virginem, araore prx- in Illyricum. Interea Corinthiiis Demaratus 

tcr aetatem captus, duxit. Nam quum in hofpes familiae regite, 8c Hbere loqui apud 

convivio Attalus, qui illius fuit avunculus, regem foUtus, invifit Philippum. Poftqu-im 

vino incaluiflet, hortatus eft Macedonas ut prima; falutationes & amplexus defluxere, 

expofcerent a Diis juftum ex Philippo 8c percunftante Philippo, qui conveniret inter 

Cleopatra regni fuccefforem. Exarftt inde Gr^cos, Scilicet tibi, inquit, convenit Phi- 

Alexander: ac quum dixiflet, Qiiid nos tibi, hppe, folicitudinem gerere Grascise, qui do- 

fcelus, num adulterini videmur ? fcypho eum mum tuam tanta feditione 6c mahs obruifti. 

petiit. In eum Philippus ftrifto enfe exihit, Ita adfe reverfusPhilippus,millis nuntiisflex- 

led bona utriufque fortuna, impadlo pcr iram um Demarati opera Alexandrum revocavit. 

& vinum pede cft prolapfus. Cui Alexander Quum autem Pexodorus, Cari^ fitrapa, 

infukans, Hic vero Macedones, inquit, in A- neceflitudinis vinculo fe in Philippi focieta- 

fiam parabat ex Europa tranfmittere, qui ex tem inflnuans, cuperet filiam fu*e ftirpis 

maxi- 



i6 AAESIANAPOS. 

Mctx.giToi/tai' ciTTSfaAgv, ca35-tf lyivovlo 7\oyoi j^ ^'laL^oTs.ai a^^ '^ (pi?\m 
^ -;? jULY^T^g TT^g 'Ahi^AVi^^h &>V Ajijik^ctiov cBi rrj (^cKriKeici OiAiTTTra 
yoifJLoig^ T^aiJLTr^lg ^ i^^^yyiCJLii fXiycLxoig ei(roimQvl@^. v(p^ wi/ S^icitol- 
^^X^etg, mfMKH QiorctKov elg KcteJ-av tov t^ T^yobhc^v \5mv.zjLTh-> n«- 
'^oS^d^ct) (^iGLhi^ofAfjov, cdg x?^ '^^^ voB-ov scL(ravioL, j^ a (p^m^n, fJLiB-a^- 
fxouci^ To KYii'^^ eig 'AAgJat/cT^v. ;^ Un^ot^od^ui f^ h ^a ^<x^V Yi^scDH 

TCWTGL T^ 7re^Ti^Ce)V f.LOLKXoV' 5 ^J^iAtTTTr©^ 0U^01J^)(^ QvloL TOV 'AA- 
t^OLvJ^e^V dg TO S^OdfJLCLTiOV, oi^XOL^ddV T^ (|)/AdyV O-Jxy )^ (7i«;>),S-&)I/ gl^Ct 
<t>iA6)Vctl/ TOl/ IlOL^l^i(i)V(^, kTTiTifJLmiV <^l'^6)^, J^ TiiK^Odg i7\0LH^Y\(TiV &lV 

d^^^vi) K, T^ J7rct^%oi/']&)i/ ^zife^' cwJtoi/ oiya^m dvoi^iov, a Ka^og dv^^cdvns, 
j^ (ia^^d^co ^a(Ti7\a i^7\djQv\(^, dyaird yafJL^^^'' "^^^- t^^^ D &iTla- 
7\ov iy^-^ys Koe/v^ioig onc^g dvaiikfJL-^miv Sm itiS^oug hh^j^ov. Vfi' q 
dhhuiv iTou^cdV '^A^7ra7\ov k^ Ngctf;:^ot/, gVt q ($>^uyiov jc, TlToXifjLcaov, cAt 
MaKiiPoviag fJLiTi?Y\(TiV' ^g i/Vs^oi/ ■AAg|cti/cl^f©-' KaTayaycdv, cv Tou.g jULe- 
yis^aig 1°^^ TifJLcug. STrei q TJouja-aviag 'AT^dKa yvodf/.t) >^ KXioiidT^g 
v^tf-^dg K^ fLY\ Tvx^v i\.'KY\g dveiXi <t>iXi7C7rov, to [B{j 7r7\ei<rov eig OAvfjL- 
Tiidia ^ ouTiag (Z^Y\7\3-iv, dg 3-vfj,ii[jufj(t) to veavicTKCd 7r^o(rirKs7\<^(rafj8<ij!w 
Ttj 7ra§o^ujuaa-av' iS-i^ Ji Tig k^ 'AAg|oti/J^^a S^ia^oKn. xiy^ yO, cvJv- 
Xov\(^ ojjT^ tQ TloLLXTavi^ fA$ tIw ufei/ cMeivlw, j^ "^croi^v^f^fjii, 7^^$- 
mfKa^ To -^ Mi^S^eiag laiM^eiov, 

Tov 

maximam Aridceo Philippi filio dcfpondere, vientis barbaro ambiret gener fieri. Thefla- 

atqiieAriftocritum hac de re in Macedoniam lum autem fcripfit Corinthiis ut vinftum ad 

mififfet, fermones denuo agitati Sc calumni^e fe mitterent : ex cjeteris vero amicis ejus Har- 

funt apud Alexandrum ab amicis & matre, id palum, Nearchum, Phrygium infuper 8c 

agere Phihppum ut fplendidis nuptiis 8c in- Ptolemsum ex Macedonia relegavit, quos 

fignibus fubfidiis imponeret regno Aridxum. reduxit deinceps Alexander, atque in fummo 

Hinc commotus Theflalum, tragoediarum honore habuit. At pofliquam Paufanias ex 

hiftrionem, in Cariam legat ad agendum cum Attali & Cleopatrce confiHo ftuprum perpef- 

Pexodoro, ut mifTo adulterino & mentis im- fus, quod jus luum exequi non valuiflet, oc- 

pote, traduccret ad Alexandrum afiinitatem, cidit Phihppura, maxima pars criminis apud 

qu£e conditio longe magis Pexodoro quam Olympiada ha-fit, quod flagrantem ira ad- 

prior arrifit. Id Phihppus quum olfeciflet, hortata eflet 6c ftimulaflet hunc adolefcen- 

Alexandrum in cubiculo, adhibito uno cx a- tem. Neque cxcitit immunis a calumnia A- 

micis 6c fiimiharibus ejus Philota, Parmemo- lexander: quippe quum appelhiflet eum poft 

nis fiho, gravitcr increpavit, & amare objur- ftuprum fibi illatum Paufanias, vicemque fu- 

gavit ut degenerem, 6c fpe, qu£e eum mane- am doleret, dicitur protulifl^e hunc Medeae 

bat, indignum, qui hominis Caris Sc regi fer- iambum, 

6 Dafi' 



AAESANAPOS. 17 

Tov Ma. v^ yrifjLOLvJcx. k^ ya.fJLaf^plw. 
B /bLriy aAAa )lj raV (rvuucurUg i' c^^aAJi? clvcilY,TY\(ra.i; cMQKcKTiVy v^ t!w 

^ydVcLylYi^TiV. 

riotfsAa^s l^ «" 'sV« yiyovodg eiKo^ri tyIv (^ci^rtKeioLVj (pB-ovng fJLiycLKkig 
yi (hivoL fii(rr\ »9 nvi^tiij-^g "KOLvloLxo^iv g;:^»(7ctv. «rs y) ra ^cl^^ol^ y^ 

TT^^rolKOL '^'w ThV S^iihOddlV i<p^iV, TfO^QvJoL Td? TTOLTei^g (^CKTiT^eiOL;' iiTi 

thV 'EhhoiS^a K^Tna^oLg Tolg oTrKoig o <t><At7r7r(^, o\ov mTa^dj'^ou k^ tu 

B-OL(rt£(rOU ^^^OfOl/ g«^2l/, aAAct fJLOVOV fJLiTOL^a7\0dV KCU TOL^^OLg TOL TT^y^ 
fJLOLTOL, •K07\WtJ (TcLKoV i^^^^ ^^ >ClVY](riV \!ztTO dYl^^OLg, OLTTiKimV. (^O^»- 
fjSifJCdV '^ MOLKiS^iVOdV TOV KCU^V, KCU TOL f^ 'Y.KhbjUiK(l ZOLvlciig OL(p£i~ 
VCU, KCU fJLY) 7V^(r^icL^l^ TOV 'Ahi^CLvS^^V olof^CdV SftV, Tdg Q OL(pl<TOL' 

fjSpag TCdV ^0L§^0L^(t)V cLvclkolkHo^I Tr^cLoig, Kcu ^i^nSSeiV Toig cL^x^^ ™ 
ViOdTieA^^fJ^, ouuTog cLtv QMOLvlm 7\oyi(rf^ ^^fj.Y](re ToTKf/jn kou fj.iya.Ko- 
(p^(riwy} Kid,^ TYiV oL(r(poLAeiav kou crodTYiejiav Tolg 7r^yfMa(Tiv' cag, Ka.v 
oTiQv v(piifj^(^ (^(p^n Ta (p^VYifj.aT(^, cJm^n<T0f^6dv (i%cLv\(x>v. tcL fAfj 
»v ^a^^ae^Kd KivnfJXLTa koi tsV cAifi 7ro7\ifj,>ig KaTi7rouj(TiV o^ioig S^- 
^e^fj^c^v (^^T^ fJ-^X^ ^^i^ "^^^ "l9^v' n Kou ^v^fj^oy cviKYiG-e fJCLxn fJLiyd- 
7\Y) Tov ^acTiXia Tm Tg/^aAAai/. 0«^cmW o d(pi9dvcu 7rv^of^(^, kou 
(Tvfx<pe,ovav oujT^g 'AS-nvouoig, £5-gA6)V dv/i^ (pavhou, Aj^vg Yiys, S^id ttv- 
Aodv Tnv S\jvafJ,iV, htto^v ou AnfJ^o^ivet, ^fcut^a f^ ojutov, ictig yiv qv 'lA- 

T^-ve^olg 

Dantemque ducentemque, fponfam quoque neca. fentibus afferendam, deficientes autem bar- 

Veruntamen confcios infidiarum requifivit baros leniter ad officium revocandos, princi- 

8c punivit: 8c quod de Cleopatra Olympias piifque medendum novationum, ipfe ex di- 

abfente fe atrociter confuluifTet, indignatus verfis confiliis adortus ell audacia & animi 

eft. magnitudine rebus fuis fecuritatem 6c falutem 

Igitur annos natus viginti regnum accepit, quxrere : exiftimans, fi paulum modo ani- 

magna invidia, gravi odio 8c periculis pref- mum demififfe videretur, cundlros fe fuper- 

fiim undique. Quippe 6c vicinas gentes fufuros ipfi. Barbarorum igitur motus 6c 

domefticorum defiderio regum fervitutem fufpefta inde bella compefcuit, iubito cum 

tentabant excutere: neque Philippus Grae- exercitu incurrens ufque ad Iftrum, ubi 

cise, quam fubjugaverat armis, domanda: & Syrmum magno proelio Triballorum re- 

pacandie fpatium habuerar, tantum converfas gem fudit. Thebanos autem accipiens re- 

& commiitas res in magnis undis 8c ja6tatione bellare, atque cum cis confpirare Atheni- 

ob infolentiam reliquit. Timentibus ergo enfes, quo virum fe oftendcret, confeftini 

articulum Macedonibus, ac negotia Grjeci^ exercitum per Thermopylas traduxir, di- 

prorfus abjicienda Alexandro, nec vim cen- cens Demoftheni, qui puerum fe, dum in II- 

VoL. iV. C lyrico 



i8 AAESANAP0 2. 

TwtJLolg Kou Te^^ci7\7\oig, >c7SJCctA«i/lt, fJM^mv o «sfe« ^srlctAict!/ «^o"- 
fojuof, /2>«AgJ) TT^V TOif 'AS-Uvoum reix^^nv oiw^ (poLvrivcu. 7r^o<rfjLi^A<; o 

Kcu n^oS-vTYjv' Kou Tolg fJLiTOL^aXKoiJLiyoig TT^og ouuTQV aiS^aoM c/a^^rjev. 
rm Q (dn^^Dum oLvJi^Mn^vim fjSp 7fa§' owtQ <f>iAwVotv k, 'KvlinaT^Vy 

KYi^vfloVlOiiV 0, T»V t/m/ 'E7\7\a.S^CL ^\iK0\^iig iTiWi^K^^h^Sv, Toirli^ fJLiT 

cwt^y iiTCii? er^e^^i r^g Molk€<^ovoc^ n^g %o7\^fjLov. r\ymi^if\ fjSf Jv vttI^ 
SujuoLfJUV d^^Tij K^ TT^S-vfiiaL TOL o^^ '^ 0«€o4i&iv 7To7\XoL7r?\cia-icig ^<n 
rcig 7fo7\ifjLioy; dvJirax^^vJodv. iwH q »^ rljd) KccS^f^av d(pivlig oi (p^a^) 
-^ MaKiSovcdv 'tmTT^Tflov ouuToig cJi,07fi(^€Vj KVK7\(t)^ii^€^ oi 7rA«?"<3< K^ rlw 
fxdx^^ cwtIw tiritTov' n q TToKig »)A6), >t, S^ia^vra^ei^roL KaTi(TKd(pvf tq 
f£p oXoVy "^p^G-SoKmavl^^ cujtS tkV "E7\Xluuag oMTrKa^fprag TrdS-H tyi- 
7\m^T&) j^ TrJii^ai^ag dr^sfjLweiV, aAAw^- q Ka7\h6i)7ri(rafS{j'd x^^C'^'^ '^<^*f 
'P^ cvfjLfjLaxm 'i\khYifjLa^iv' "^ y) ^cdK^g yi^ TlKaTou^g rcdv Sn^cOim Kar- 
v,yQ^YiiTav. v7r€^i7\ofy}(B^ t«V h§eig, j^ rQg ^svag rSv MaKiJ^ovoiV d- 
waiijagy Kj rQg ><7ra Tliv^Pd^ yiyovdrag, k^ r^g vTtivctvliOdUvlag roig \J/i)-. 
<pKTafj^oig rlw ycTog-acriv, d^riSoro t»V d7\7\'dg, (wcl reA^fJLveJt^g '^ofj^ag' 
e< Q "ik^^avdvJeg, vTrt^ k^aKi<^i7\i^g Yi(Tav. 

'Ev 3 rolg ^roAAoi'? TrdBsTi k^ '■xaChsKoig cMeivoi^, d rlw nd?\iv Karetx^h 
S^dKtg Tiveg oMzd^aylig omav T ifJL0K7\etag yujucuKdg hSd^H j^ (raxpes- 
t^, ajuTo) |w%; rd x?^f^'^'^ Sin^Tra^ov, d q nyifjLm tm ytwouKi Tt^j? 

(^iav 

Jyrico 8c Triballis ageret, appellaverat, & a- cldere. Urbs capta direptaque 6c diruta, 

dolefcentulum, quum Theflaliam iniflet, velle quod exfpeftaret eo exemplo perculfos & 

fub Athenienfium moenibus viriim fe mon- trepidantes quietein afturos Graecos. Colore 

firare. Ubi pervenit ad portas Thebanorum, tamen ufus alioquin hoc eft, non potuifle id 

plermifla iis adhuc prasteritorum posnitentia, fe fociorum querimoniis denegare: quippe 

expofcit Phoenicem & Prothytam, & fi quis criminabantur eo& Phocenfes & Platteenfes. 

ad fe tranfiiffet, impunitatem pronuntiat. Sacerdotibus igitur Macedonumque hofpiti-i 

Ex altera parte depofcentibus ab eoThebanis bus omnibus exceptis, & Pindari ftirpe, iiP- 

Philotam & Antipatrum, pronuntiantibufque que qui defediionem fcifcentibus repugna- 

per prieconem, qui aflerere una in libertatera verant, casteros ad triginta milHa fub coro- 

Gri£ciani vellent, hi ut ipfis fe aflbciarent, ria vendidit. Occubuerant fupra fex mil- 

tum convertit Macedonas ad bellum, Ccrta- lia. 

tum clb igitur fupra vires ex parte Theba- Inter multas illas & atroces calamitates^ 

norum, qui cum multis hoftibus comparati quse cam civitatcm prefl^ere, Thraces ali- 

linguli erant. Ubi vero prxfidiarii Macedo- quot domum Timoclese illuftiis foemincc &; 

nes Cadmia relifta terga eorura cx:dere coe- caftce exciderunt. Prxdam autem baufe- 

peruntj circumventi plerique in ipfa acie ce- runt milites. Prsefedus vero ubi ci per 

vim 



A A E S A N A P O S. .19 

fjSfJOV ri d^yveAOV' » '^X^^ (^fJLo7\oymiVy x^ fxovov eig tov Kr)7rov oiyciyd- 

(TCty 59 (^ei^CKTQL (p^iCi^i h^CW^CIL i<pYi T' TTOMCt)? (iKl(TKOlMpn<; K(X.TCt^a.KitU 
aVTn TO, TtfJU.(J>TCtTOL TaV X^f^^'^^^' i{kv7t\ov\(^ ^J T^ ©^CtKOg, J^ KCiTCL- 
(TKiTfJofJ^ii TOV TOTTOV, 'i(^(TiV OUUTOV SioTtl^iV '^pOfjS^JYl, J^ T^ hiS^Ct>V BmjLl- 

CcchQ(rcL TTohK^?, oimKieivev. 6c<; 'j clvt^x^^ '^^'^ "^^^ 'Ahi^ctvS^^v -[sm 'PiS 
^^(iK&v hhi^Y^y TT^aTov fjSp "^ T" Q-^i^tig lij "^ |2>ctc)^iVg<w? h(poLVn tW 
oi^uidfjLOLTiKYi J^ fjLiyoLhoip^(tJv, oLViKnMKJdig j^ cL(^€c^g iTTOf^n TOig diydiTtv, 
iTreiTOL T^ ^OL(rt.Kmg i^(dTV{(TcLv\(B^ «Vi? etn yuuucuKOiV, ciTrsKeJivcLTo ©scf^^a? 
dhK^pn yiyoviVcUf ra (^^tcl^^ol^h T^^g O/AiTTTToi/ vTTi^ t? Vfi 'EA- 
Kluu(t>v sKi^ieJ^oL?, ^ 7ti(rov\(^ QJV Xou^diveioL <^^TY\y^v\(^. ^ouufjLdcroLg Qv 

(J ' A?\.i^OLV<^^(^ OUUTng ^ tIjUU '^KejLTtV Kj tIw TT^^IV, i%ihSj(TiV Ihdj^i- 
^V dj^livcU [JL^ 'P^ TiKVOdV. 

'AB-Iujcuoii; (^unKhdyn, KcuTTi^ a fJLiTeict^g aiifKS(ri to f^stl (^Yi^ctg 

S\jS-TVX^fJLDL. Kj ^ tLuU T^ fjLV<Fi)eJ>OiV ioe^rluj CV X^^'^^ '^X^^V^ig, \W TTiV- 

B-'<ig dc^moLVy k^ Tolg KOLTcL(pvyQ(rtv <Mi tUv ttoAiv d7rdv]cdv fj,iTiS'iS'o<TOLy 
T^ (pt7\.oLvB-^(^7rm. ctAA etTi fJL€7og &)V n^n tov ^vfJLov, ^cwi^ ol KiovJig^ 
&,Ti cJmetKig i^yov (^fjLOTdTCd Kj (rKvS-^moTd.TC^ (z^CoLAeiv ^nMf^^^, h 
fjLovov d(py]KiV outIou; Trctcrn^, ctAAot k^ 7re^(rix^v c/KiASj^rs Tolg 7r^yfj.oLTt 
Tov j/ai/ tIuu TToKtv, (^g, etTt (TVfJL^ouYi ^ztfe^ ouuTov, d^^ncToLv 1? 'EAAaJ^(^. yVs-. 
^v i^Tot TToKhdKtg ouuToy n Qyi^cu&iv dvidcrcu (TVfJL(po^ hiyiTcu, >^ Tr^ao- 

vim ftuprutn obtuUt, quacfivit ecquid alicuti fponfum £c fa£tum, libenrn abire cum liberis 

amu vcl argenti occuluiflet. Illa habere con- juffit. 

fefla, folum in hortos duxit, monftratoque At cum Athenienfibus rediit in gratiam, 

puteo, In hunc, inquit, dum expugnatur quamvis Thebanorum cladem non modice 

«rbs, chariflimas quafque res meas projeci. tuliflent. Nam myfteriorum folenne, quod 

IncHnantem caput Thracem & defpicientem in manibus erat, ob luftum pra:termifere re- 

locum, impulit ftans a tergo hominem, mul- fugientefque ad urbem faam omnibus offi- 

tifque in eum provolutis faxis oppreffit. Ut ciis coluere. Cceterura , five ira ejus fue- 

rapta a Thracibus eft in vinculis ad Alexan- rit jam exfatiata ut leonis, five clementias 

drum, primum ille ex ore & inceflii dignita- exemplum fxviflimo 6c triftiflimo facino- 

tem muHeris&magnanimitatemanimadvertit, ri voluerit conjungere, non modo omni 

imperterrite & conftanter ducentes fequentis. culpa liberavit eos, fed & civitatem ad- 

Deinde interrogara a rege quaenam mnlier hortatus eft, fufciperet rerum curam, quod 

cfl^et, Theagenis refpondic fororem fe efle, ad ipfim devolvendum imperium efiet Gr£e- 

cjus qui dimicaflet acie pro Ubertate Grsco- ciae, fiquid fibi accidiflet humanitus. Poft- 

rum contra Philippum, & dux Chaironeas modum tamen ficpius diciiur clades The- 

cecidiflet. Cujus Alexander admiratus 6c re-. banorum eum torfilTe, atque in caufa fu- 

C 2 ifle 



20 AAESANAPOS. 

Ti^v iiK. ohiyoii c^^^ii^' oKai? o ^'^^ ^^ Ka«tod i^yov cv oivcd «^o- 
|t/S^oi/, )t, tIuu TT^g 'ivi^olg tSv lAdKii^ovcdV "^mJ^eiT^icLa-iVy axmi^ ctTiKi) tIw 
'^^TeioLV JL, ^o'ictv ouutQ 7f^€{^CtiVj eig fMViv dvn'^ AtovuVa k^ VifJLi(nv. 
Iw 0«^c«6)v ii^eig TOdV fz^^oi^odv, og c^iJvxoiv n j^ hviB-Hg v9i^ov «' 

(^HTT^^OLTO TTCi^' OUUtS- TDUJTOL juS^' TO, <Z^ QY)Coig. 

E<? TOV 'lc9"/U.0V t£v 'EKTKlwCidV (TVKhi^^TOdV, ^^ •^Y\(pl(Ta.lAlJ(idV dRn, Ils^- 

trct? jUgr ' Khi^oivS^^ii q^T^eiV-, YiyefAOdV cLvy)yo^^S-y). TtoKhodv q >^ TroAt- 
mto!/ dv<^§odv )ij (piho(r(!)(podv dmvlmoTOi^v cujTWy j^ (rtuuYii^oi^odVy iiAml^i k^ 

AlO-j^Y) TOV I^lVOdTriOL TOUUTO 7T0lYi(TaV, hcLTei^OvloL (U^ KoeAV^OV. m Q 

hMeiv(^ \7\cLx^^^^ 'AAs^ai/^^a Aoyov g%6)V, bi t^ K^Viic^ ^oXtw n^» 

CWTOg i-KO^SjiTO TT^Og OUUTOV. iTVX^ >iOiTOLKeit£{j(^ CM» «Atffl, )^ ^W^Of 
f>(9/) OLViKOLS-i(riV, dv^^OdTtOdV T0(J^T0!>V iTTi^X^^OdV, K^ hi^Xi-^iV «V TOV 
'A7\i^OLV(^^0V' wV C/K«f©^ da77CL(T0L[^(^ K^ 7r§0(Tet7rO^V OLVTOV Y\^OdTYi(TiV 

ei Tiv(^ Tvfxdvet hoy^@^, fXi^ov, eiTnv, }s7^ tQ «Ata fjLiTdg-nS-i. ir^og 

T6T0 y\iy\) TOV 'Ahi^OLVi^^OV iiTOd hoLTi^Y\VOU "^ ^OUUfJid^TOU KOLTQLCp^OVYi- 
^iHJoL tIw VTTi^O-^ioLV K^ TO fJLiyi^^ T» dv^^Og, 6)Vg tSiV ^Ztfef aCVTOV, Odg 
d7iYii(Ta.V, hOLyi7\0dv\0dV Y^ (TKOdTrlovJodV, dX7\d fJLnV iycid, eiTTiV, ei fJLY) 'Aa- 

i^OLvS^e.'^ Yifjluu, Aioymg dv Y)fjLtw. /BsAojW^©-' q t4 SsiS x^^^^^ ^^ 
•^ <f^reiOLc, Yi7\3-iV eig AsAcpaV* Jt, kJ tvxIw ifjLi^&v '^cp^t^m ^(t&v, cia 

(Ug a nVOfMi^CU B-ifXL9<^eiV, Tt^OdTOV (^ iTfifjLTfiV a^KUT^m tIw 7r^OflOLV- 

TiV' 

ifle quod non paucis prccbuerit fe mitiorem. nlo ctium agens minime de Alexa.ndra labo- 

Prorfus vero admifTum per temulentiam in ravit, profe£tus ipfe ad illum eft. Forte apri- 

Clitum facinus, illamque contra Indos Ma- cabatur tunc in fole ftratus. Paululum autem 

tedonum ignayiam, quafi rudcm relinquen- allevavit corpus tanta hominum accedente ca- 

tium expeditionem fuam 6c gloriam, ad iram terva, atque Alexandrura intuitus eft. Qi-ii u- 

& invidiam retulit Liberi patris. Neque ve- bi eum falutavit, affatufque requifivit ecqua 

To quifquam fuitTIiebanorum, qui incolumes re haberet opus : Recede, inq,uit, paulifper 

forent, qui poftea rem ullam fruftra ab eo cx fole. Perhibetur hinc adeo permotus 

poftukr^avit oraret. Hadenus de rebusThe- Alexander fuifle Sc obftupuifl^e contemplatus 

banis. ' defpicientiam hominis Sc animi celfitudinem, 

Agentibus conventum Grcecis in Ifthmo, ut quum comites fui inter abeundum ipfura 

ubi bellum cum Alexandro contra Perfis de- riderent luderentque, Atqui ego, inquic, 

crevere, dux eft dcclaratus. Quem quum vi- uifi Alexander eflem, Diogenes efle vcllem. 

t{ refpub. traftantes philofophique frequentes Delphos ad ApoIIinem de bello confulen- 

otiviam irent falutatum gratulatumque, idem dum profeftus, quod forte dies nefafti eC- 

officium exfpcftavit ab Sinopenfi Diogene, fent, quibus non erat folenne oracula edere, 

qui apud Corinthum agebat. Ut hic in Cra- primo raifit certos, qui vatem orarent ut ve- 

niret. 



AAESANAPOS. 21 

Tiv' wV oi^ViHJ^pYii;, Kcu Tr^oi^oi^y)? tov voillov, avTog dva^ctg (^ict 
TF^g Tov vaov hXuv ajuTluu' »i q, 6)Wg^ o^WT7«iw9/jn -^ (mnS^rig, amvy a- 
vimT^ «) ^ TTOM' T^TO d>tii(Tag 'AAi^avS^^(^, a;t gVi g(^» ;:^?wV«t/ grs^y 
fjLav\^(JiaT(^-> aAK tx^^ ^^ s^^Agro Trot^' (xJrlJ^ ;:^^>i(riaof. g7r« q 6)'^- 
jttncrgi/ TT^g tIw ^^Taav, olAAot rs (^oKet cnfjtiia c^^ tS (^cuiuLovi^ yg- 
Vi^, iy To 'sfei A«i^«0^ t5 '0^(pwg ^oavov ( ^ q JCJTraeiTliJ/oi/) \S'e,SiTa 
'KoTwjJ \5m Tag nfJii^g c4t«vot? ot(|)ii;igv. (po^»|(/5|^'&)i' q Trdvlaiv to (TnfjLeiov, 
'Ag/Vavc^f©^ QMih^i S-ajij>€iVy &)V doi(^ijULiig j^ rafe^^onVa? KaT^ya^roi^vov 
TT^^eig, cu 7to7\uju li^ma Kj ttoVov tJjW.v5a"i nomctig k^ fi^aiKolg Tra^- 

T«? Q ^^Tidg To TrAyJ^-©-', ol ju^^ gAot;^t$-of T^iyovJig, Te/(TfJLveA'dg tts- 
(JiVj >9 7rgv1o(Xio^iA{S? iTTTreig' ol q TrKei^ov, TrsJiV ja3/j TST^xj^jAt's:J^ jj 
Te^^TfXvejL^g-, Inmag o TgT^;c{C(/iAtW ctfoty^^^^ao^iv. £(:poJ^foi/ q T^Toig, a 
TrAsoi/ i^S^ofjLYiKovla Ta^hdvJcdv g;^«i/ a^VoV ' AejL7oC'd7\(^ Wo^a' Aag/? q, 
Te^dKoyla (jLovov vifMi^uiv lO^iaT^cptw'' 'OvnciKejLT^^ q\ y^ <^iaKO(na Td7\av\a 
7re^(ro(pei7\eiV. aKhd KCiim§ Xtto fJLiK^Sv 'A^ <^zvuiV iiTCog o'f(a6)'|u6!/;(^5 s 

TT^Ti^V iTTi^Y) T' Vlddg, Y) rd 'Pi^ Wcd^CtiV TT^yfJLaTa (TKi-^UfjSp^:) >Wo- 

i/«iW.cM tJ p{j dyejv, T^ KOdfilui, t4 (TUJUoiKiag n^^rcS^ov ri 7\i,ijSfQ^., 
«cfn 3 KaTlwY)7\(i!)i^(t^v j^ (^iayiy^fjLi^div <^i<lov dTdilciiv T^ \ha(n,7\i,K(£iv, 
Tli^i^iKKag, (Ttcwn^ % ^TiH, cd (?>a(TiXS, Ti KaTaXeiTreig ; t^ q (pri~ 
(Tav\<^, oTt Tdg lX7ri(^ag, OvkSv, t^pn, k^ vifjLeig TbVii)v Koivoivmoi^, qI 

,.T\ 

niret. Recufante illa & legem prastendente, que: qui maxinfium, peditum quatuor 6c tfi- 

afcendit ipfe, atque vi traxit eam ad tem- ginta millia,. equitum quatuor tradunt. Sti» 

plum. QutC illius expugnata contentione ait, pendium his feptuaginta tnlenta, non am- 

Invi£lus es, fili. Id audiens Alexander, ne- plius eum Ariftobukis habuifie memoris 

gavit fe alias fortes quserere, fed habere quod prodidit : Duris triginta duntaxat dieruni 

peteret ab ea oraculum. Poftquam ad bel- cibaria y Oneficritus infuper talenta du- 

lum movit, cum alia prodigia Deorum nun- centa eum habuiftb jeris alieni. Ille au- 

tiata funt, tum Orphei fignum apud Libe- tem quamvis fubfidiis rem fufcepit adeo 

thra, quod cupreflinum erat, fub ea tempe- exiguis & anguftis, non ante tamcn cop.r 

ftate copiofo manavit fudore. Eo portento fcendit navem, quam confideratis rationibus 

omnibus exterritis, bono animo juffit ilhira amicorum erogaflet huic agrum, illi pa- 

Ariftander efle, res eum gefturum nunquam gum, akeri vici proventum vel portus. 

obUterandas, ac cekbres; qu£e mukum fu- Quum jam efl^ent vcfligalia pene omnia 

doris £c laboris decantantibus eas poctis & diftributa regia Sc diplomuibus conflgnata, 

muficis efient pra^biturx. Perdiccas, Tibi ipfi,. rex, inquit, quid rck- 

Copiarum ejus numerum, qui minimum quum fecifti ? Cui quum ille rcfpondifler, 

edunt, peditum triginta millia, equitum quin- Spes mcas : Ergo nos quoque, inquit, quL 

aufpicia 



22 AAESANAPOS. 

.fA$ (TH ^^T^oySpoi ', TrcL^ouTiHTciLp^ii tQ Ui^^Um tIm h.&.y^^^^ 
iBplw Klyi(ri>v- cwt^x '^ '^ ai7\7^v (pixm gfwi to quuto hroiy^iTaM' Toli ^ 
7\cL(jt.^clv\i(Tk >9 hoi^oiq 7r§Q^vfJ:6t)g 2^aeA^iT0y }i T(^ 7rha?:ct t^ qm Mfl«r 
Ki^onct S^iavifxm isTCii KCLTlwc^Am^v, TotcwTn, f^) opjuw j^ (S^nKSoi) i^ia,- 
voictg. Toc 'EAAtiWoi/^oi' S^imi^jriv. civct^dg o «V "lAwi/j LSfan t^ 'A^lwoi, 
y^ ToHg n^(^(riv ^immiV. tIw q 'Ax^^? 9ri?\!w oihei-^oifjSf^^ T^hra., ^ 

(A^ TCaV iTOU^m a-tW0LVCt^^.fJ.6^V yVjULVOg, ^cm^ i^^ l?\Vi. hB(pCLV(t)(riVy 

fjLaKOLeA(roLg oujtqV). oTt iy iCoav (piKa mgS, y^ Tih^Tmcig [itiyoih^ m- 

e,VK(^ ItVX^V' OV "^ fSfeiiSI/CiM Kj B-id^ Tcl >^ tIw TTOT^Vy ^OfMfJH. Ti- 

vog cuJtov ei ^^Mtcu t!w 'Km^clvS^^h Xv^v IJ^etVy sAoixtTOL ^^ovlil^ew 
QAimm i(pn' t!w cT' 'A^^^iAAsft)? IjiTeiv, « tol KhioL ^ Tclg Tr^^etg vfJLveti T^ 
cLycL^^v dv(^^cov onei.v^^. 

'Ev THTCt) T^ AcL^ei-d ^^TY\ym pnydKlw i^wuc^im n^e^oiKOTODty vi^ 
m^TiTcLy\B^(^v S^ Tw h(t^ci(Tei T$ r^vtK^, jULoiXi^<^ f^ iccdg olvolF- 
Kouov Iw, atcmi.^ h nvKcug -^ 'AaioLg, (^ t' ei.(roS'ii v^. dqx^'^' '^^ ^^- 

TajbLQ TO ^0LB-(^, KOU tIw CLVCdlULOL?\ioLV KCU T^X^'^^'^^ '^^^ Tvk^.V ^X^^^^ 
K^g aV 'i^ei yivi^ tIw l><7rO^OL(TiV fA^ f^oixyi'^> TC^V 777\ei.<^(6V S^ii^kOTC^V.,. ovictiv 

Q Kcu tSiv fsfec TQV fJukvoL viVQfiKTy^m. oloi^ctiv (^eiv (p.v7\ci^oL^' AoLuria 
y) iSK eio^B-eicroLV oi (^oL(j-i7\eig t^v MoLK€^<^vaiV S^oiyetv tIw <^^Ticiv' tQ^. 
To jw^i h7KYivci^^6^(rcLT(h KiK^^Tctg S^SjTi^QV ' A^TifJiifTm. o.y.eiv.. tQ 3 n<3tif- 
l&{jim(^3 c^g o-vj/g 'i' «g^^ ii<T.Y\gj ^k 'w.vI(^ )m)Kiii.^UJu.(9SeiVy eiTro^v cd- 

aufpicia fequimur tua, harum erimus confor- Non mor^ri ait fe iHam, fed Aehillis quse- 

tes. Repudiantem affignatum fibi diplomate rere eam, qua decora & res gcftas ille claro- 

pra^dium Perdiccam nonnulli alii ex amieis rum virorum celebraverat. 

funt imitati. Accipicntibus & petentibus Interea Darii- duc-es- ingentem^ manum 

largitus eft benigne, ac patrimonium quidem confcri pfere, aciemque inftruxepunt in ripa 

Macedonicum dillributum hoc modo profu- Granici. Ibi, velut in porta AfiEe, de ingrel- 

dit. Hoc impetu & alacritate animi tranf- fu & limine quodammodo erat dimicandUm. 

mifit Hellefpontum. Ilium aggreifus Miner- Quum autem amnis altitudinem, iniquitatem- 

vas facrificavit, heroibufque libavit, Achillis que atque falebras plerique timerent ulterioris 

cippum unftus circum eum una cum amicis ripie, quo pugnando evadendum ei-at, pars 

de more cucurrit nudus, eique coronam im- etiam folennia illius menfis ia religionem tra- 

pofuit, beatum pnedicans Achillem, quod & herent (menfe enim Da;rfio non erat moris 

dum viveret, fidum amicum, & poft iflita ef- regum Macedoniim figna movere) hoc cor- 

fet naftus magnum prseconem. In obeundo rexit, edicens ut denuo agerent Artemifium. 

& vifendo oppido, quum qua;reret quifpiam Monente etiam Parmenione, quod vefper ef- 

ex eo, velletr.e Alexandri lyrara contemplari : fet, ne fe committerct periciijo, rubore fuf- 

3 . fijfuin 



AAESANAPOS. 25 

ifjL^iyL^7s£t 77/ fSjpLan crvy ihcug iTTTriiov te/><Titoa<^im' il^ Tf^g bi)a.\i\ict f^i- 
A^ >^ TOTrag "^Kmhjtwyag, oTcMi^ xarcfjtiip^yfxlii^ig k^ 'iTrTnsg iKcwvcdVy 
ji (^ioi fdjfjLciT(^ a^<pi^vl(^ j^ mCiyihv^ov\(^, i^o^iv pLdVimg -^ ir^g 
'^voioLV fjLiZKAof « yvodfjur} ^^^.TY^yUv. » fjJw dKh sfj.(pvg rn ^iaQdir^-, ?J 
K^TY)(T(jLg "^ To%m ;:^aAg7r6?? )^ ^oAt^, vy^m j^ (?^(r<paKodV '^oySfjav 

TfKiK-S^CU Toig A^l^f^O^g, 7te}v «V Tttltf TiVff. mTa^YliDLi TSV S^iOLQcU- 

vovloLg' cvUhvIo y:> n^ajjy^-, ?c, t«V 'itn>ig a^^oLhTyovJsg ToHg mTroic, hx§^^- 
To (^o^cih >9 ^i^io-i, A^ h^TOdV (rujulej-^ivJm. u(rciL\^]C£v q ttoT^cov W 
cwTov {hdu T« TreATT) j^ Tb! K^vag tw ;:(^c«t« cTta^^sTriiV, ^? txdLTi^&i^iv 
H<^xjei vfJi^v A<^JiOT«Tt >^- fjLiyi^et ^cwfJLcL^ov ) ctxorl<T9"e{V ^aV "^' ''^^^ 
i^Trly^i^/J^ot tQ S-(J^k.(^ iiK W^CidB-r)' 'PuiG-ajta q jtj 27ri^g/cj^oiT« i^ $-^- 
TJiyai' 7re$(r<pi^\B^Ctiy cLfJLCJL^ tov \^ c/KKhivoLg, 'VoKTciyjn o 7r^9?^t/.'oaA6jV 

Ti^Oii^MITl^dd IjO clV^y, J^ KdLTaKhddCLg T^TO, <^ TO ''^Syjlti^XOV QO^fJLYKT^V. 
(TVflT^iT^CtiKOTm CWT^-, STTi^g/J^iJtTW^ l^ rnViX? C/Ji TiKdyim TOV 'iTT^ 

TTOV, Kou fA^ cmm^iig (Ttwi^oLVOLs^oig, iiomS^i (^ct^^cteAy^rj mTlwifKiv' kcu tov 
(tj6j|u hjo(pov oimjijici^ev fjLiTO, S-aTi^^ Trli^Q, to q y.^v(^ %^g tIw 7rA«- 
yUxj cLKti^cig yj^ fJLoKig dvlio^iv, &)V£ i^-^ 7re,^Tm ■^oLv^rcu Texx^v tIw 
•ifli^vyoL t' K07ri^(^. iTi^ou) ToV ILin^eA^dThuj yrdhiv Iticu^i^ov, i(p3-a.-' 
(Tg KA«t(^ fJiiyoLg, tw ^v^iS J^ig7vCto-ct^ ^gVoy. o^a 3 jccw 'Poic-cijcn? 

STrg- 

fufum iri ait Hellefpontum, hunc fi formida- pelta infignis & galese juba, qus; hinc 

ret, quum trajecerit illum ; fimulque irrupit inde pinnas diredas habebat candore & 

in flumen turmis equitura tredecim, ruenfque magnitudine fingukres) jaculo fub loric:^ 

in infefta tela 8c loca prserupta, qu£e armis compagine percuffus non accepit vul- 

ftipata 6c equis erant, perque undam tranf- nus". At Rh<Eface & Spithridate ducibus- 

verfos auferentcm fic obruentem, videbatur fimul in ipfum invchentibus, hunc declina- 

furore 8c infania magis quam confilio rem vit, Rhcefaci prarvenit lanceam loricato in- 

gerere. Attamen urgens tranfitum, fuperatis fligere. Ea prasfrafta, gladium ftrinxit. 

aegre magnoque cum labore locis madidis lu- His manus conferentibus adigit Spithridates 

bricifque ob limum, e veftigio coaftus eft, ex laterc equum, atque Alexandrum omni 

priufquam in ordinem ahquem coUocare conatu affurgens copide barbarica ferir, > 

tranfeuntes valeret, incondito agmine con- criftamque cum altera avellit pinna,- Galea 

fligere, ac viritim manus cum inferentibus fe probe quidem, fed tegre tamen reftitit iftui, 

hoftibus conferere. Inftiterunt enim clamore ac mucro copidis fupremos capillos ejus 

ilh, equofque equis conferentes, lanceis, 6c perftrinxit. Alterum iftum Hbrantem Spi- 

poft eas infraftas gladiis pugnaverunt. thridatem occupavit Clitus Magnus hafta 

Quum muki imminerent ilii (erat enim medium transfigere. Simul Rhcefices en- 

fe 



2^ AAESANAPOS. 

^G-y)? -^ l7r7to(jLcLxicig, w rs cpoihcLy^ MCouvi '^ MctKi^ovmi kou (tujuy\~ 
yov cu m^cu S^wudfJMg. «' fJLW v7ri9n<TciV <1»^&)V&)? ii(S% ttoTkvv x^^^^y ^^'aa' 
tcpvyov T^TTo^oh %?JjuJ T^ fxi^ocpo^av 'E?\Alw(t>v. ^Toi 3 Tf^g rm 
Xo(pct) (rv90Lvk?, yJTHV tol Tfig-a. tov 'A?^.i^oLV(^^v. p B-vfjLca fjLoiKKov ti Ao- 

yi^TfJLC^ TT^&Jr©-' ifJL^OL7\0dV, TOV Ti 'iTTTTOV >^^aAA«, |/cp« "^M^j^TOL (^iOt 

^ 7TA<^f 6) V ( Iw gTSf (^, iix BnKiipoLAoLg ) >ccw raV 7rA«Vy? r&i:/ >C73- 

B-OLVOvlodV KOU T^OLVfJLOLTl^ivlodV CJKH (TUJUi^oYI mV^UJU(£(TOU KCU TTiCTeiv, ITPQg 

ctv&^odTrag oLTnyvmoTag kcu fJLOLXif^^<; (rvf/.7r?^iK0fjSpiig. ?\iyov\ou 3 ^rg^oi 
juS^u i^KTfJLve^oi T&v f^oL^^d^cdV, h^Teig Q (^i^iAioi 7riv\oLKO(rioL 7ri(THV. t£v 
IJ ^Ztfei fov 'AAglctfJ^^^f, 'Ae«fo^aA©-' <:p«o-)i/ Tioya^g kou tsjlolkovIol Vi- 
K^^g '■^i^ raV TfOLvloLgj ct)V cy^noL 7rs(jig avou. TiiT(t)V f£p iiv zMi?\^(Tiy 
eiKovoLg dvoLs^oLB-luucu ^0L?.K0Lg3 oig Av(Ti7r7r(^ €i§yoL(TOLT0. KoiviiiJ^(^ q 
tIw vIkIw Tolg "E?\An(Tiv, l^iet filv Tolg 'ABlwouoig iinfjL^^iv tcov cu^fjLoL- 
7\0dT(^v TeAOLKO(TioLg oLazrii^oLg, Kom iJ Tolg aAAoi^ ?\oL(pv^ig QAii?\SjiTiV cBi~ 
y^-^ou (piKoTifJLOTCLThuj oBiy^Cpljjj, AAEHANAP02 O c|)i_ 
AinnOTKAIOI EAAHNE2 HAHN AAKEAAIMO- 
NIHN AnO THN BAPBAPriN THN THN A2IAN 
KATOIKOTNTnN. cM7r(ofiaTci q kcu 7ro^(pv^g kcu o(tol tm- 

<WTOL t£v Ili§!TlKO^V ihOL^oiV, yroLvJct TW fJLYiTe/; 7r?\yiv 0?\iyCdV, i7riJUL~ 
-^iV. 

OVT^ 

fe ab Alexandro i£lus concidit. Dum eo in quingenti cecidifTe dicuntur. De Alexandri 

difcrimine & certamine equeftris pugna ver- exercitu defiderati (ut Ariftobulus autor 

fatur, phalanx Macedonum trajecir, 8c pe- efl) in totum quatuor & triginta, inter 

deftres copi^ concurrerunt : haud ftrenue quos pedites novem fuere. His ftatuas ex 

tamen neque diu locum tenuerunt holbes, jcre erexit, quas finxit Lyfippus. Partici- 

fed terga dederunt omnes prxter mercenarios pans autem Graecis vi6toriam, Athenienfi- 

Graecos. Hi enim in tumulo quodam globo bus extra ordinem trecentos clypeos mifit 

fafto in fidem recipi ab Alexandro petiere, de fpoliis. Cseteris manubiis in communi 

qui ira potius quam confilio primus in eos gloriofifiimum titulum infcribi juflit, A- 

impreffioncra faciens, confoflum lateribus lexander Philippi, et Grae- 

equum amifit. Alius fuit hic, non Buce- ci, praeter Lacedaemonios, 

phalas : & qui interfefti funt aut vulnera ac- de Barbaris Asiaticis. Pocula , 

cepcrunt, his ibi contigit in pr;£cipitem ca- purpuram, atque cjus generis Perficam 

fum venire 6c cadere, dum cum viris forti- pra;dam paucis exceptis raatri cunfta mi- 

bus 6c defperatis confligunt. De barbaris fit. 
peditum viginti millia, equitum duo millia 

Hoc 



A A E S A N A P O X 25 

OvT^ oiy(^v fjLiyctMv dj^vg hom&v jm Tt^yfjLoiTm fjLiTcL^QXhui) 
TTOQg ' Ahi^avo^^oV &)Vg >9 'Zoi^S^eig to 7r^<^Yif/.0L -^ (Mi ^aLhcio^ Tm (^a^- 
^ci^m riyifJLovioLg f^Aa^«i/, J9 raAAa Tr^tTTiB-i^. fj,m 'AAiJcct^vao-- 
c-oV rtvlkn xcM MiA«T(^, ct? gAdai/ xj }c^t^, kcu tol (sk). cuuToig -kcLv- 
Td yetPCdfroifJ^^^y oifjLCpl^oh'^ h/J n^g m Komai tw yvcefjLTi. kou ttoK- 
7\(im fJ^ 'icoijdjhv AoL§eiCd (rvfjLm^rm ^K^m^S^twi^crcu ^ztfet TOdv oXm, 
noT^hcLKig Tolg cJTn, ^aKcLo^y} %^yf/,cL(Ti kcu x?^f^<^^^ S^iivoHTo TF^cdTov 

OIOV CMOL^TKYiC-OLg X.OU p6)Vflt? OLVTOV, iiTCt>g CtVOLQoiVetV iTf' CAiHVQV. i^lV Q -? 
AvKlOLg >L^hjJY\ fZtfei ThiJ "EcLV^m TTOKIV, hg TOTi KiyHG-lV OHJTOfJLCtTOig (^- 

TeQL7Tei(rng kou y7rg§€aA«Vji?, cm f2>y6» J^sAtov c/K7rgcr«j/ xaK>ci)V3 Tvnag 
iyacroLV oi^x^^^ y^fjLfjLciTm cm olg gJ^nAaTo ircujdiSf^ tLuu ng^cr&)i/ ct^- 
yluj ^sm 'EAA^'6dV mTATw^ei^rcLV. TiiToig iTToL^^etg, ^TretyiTo Tnv a^- 
7\m oivoLm^^^ f^^X'^ '^ ^i^ommg kcu KiXiKioLg. yi ^ -^ UoLjUL(pv7\ioLg 
as^^^fJLn, TToAAoI? yiyovi t&v koe^Km \:mS-i(rig y^CpiKn n^g g;t7rAn- 
gtv KCM olJtov, &)V 3-«^ 'T*''' '^^X^ a^x^^^^^^a^ ' AKi^oivS^^cd ty\v ^oi- 
T^OLos-oLV, ctAAfe)? del t^x^^^ ^ TnT^cLyag 7r^(r(p^ofjLivluu, cmoLviodg ^ 
Myfl^g JtcM 7r^oa-*i%«? vm tol K^nf^vodih kcu TroL^i^^jiOiyoTOL '^ o^etvng Troi- 
yag S^ioLmKvTfla^roLV. ^mH o kou M.ivoLV^^(^, cv mfjLOdi^icL t^ou^ohv 7r^g 
TO (^h^ov, 

'flg 'A?Ki^OLV<^§Shg yiSM t^to. mv ^TOd tivol, 

AvT0fJLOLT(^ bT©^ TTCL^ifCU. K(X.V ^iihheiv ^YihOLJ^n 

Aioi 

Hoc proelio immenfa rerum inclinatio eft cis defiturum. His ereftus ad oram mariti- 

ad Alexandrum infequuta, adeoque imperii mam pacandam ufque ad Phoeniciam & Ci- 

maritimi barbarorum domicilium permifere liciam perrexit. Pamphylias percurfus ifte 

fe ei Sardeis, ac cstera ad eum defecere. compluribus fuppeditavit hiftoricis elegans 

Una reftitit Halicarnaflus & Miletus: qui- ad miraculum excitandum 8c pompam ar- 

bus expugnatis, circaque omnibus fuba£tis, gumentum, quafi divina quadam forte ce- 

fufpenfus animo fuit ad reliqua. Subinde deret Alexandro mare, quod faevum alias 

properabat cum Dario quam primum con- ex alto littus verberaret, raro autem tcnuia 

fligere, ac de fumma rerum aleam jacere. & refonantia fub abruptis & confragofis 

Subinde deliberabat viribus & opibus mari- rupibus aperiret faxa. Id quod Menander 

timis prius quafi exercere fe & roborare, in- quoque indicat in comcedia ad rei novitatem 

de in illum movere. Fons eft Lycis prope alludens, 

Xanthum oppidum. Huius id temporis ai- ^ , ., j ■ • -a .,„j r c 
unt exundatione mflati fpontanea tabulam ab "<-' j j t. j j 

imo sream crupifle: figuram ea repracfen- _ ^ quempia ., ,. 

.• ^n. r u r c 9uar9-. is ultro adefi : quod fi vtdehcet me 

tavit vetuuarum hterarum, quibus ligmn- k^ » j 2 j 

cabatur imperium Perfarum everfum a Grae- '^^"^ ^^ 

VoL. IV. D Per- 



i6 AAESANAPOS. 

A*a ^aKdos-ni; cTgw tottov Tiv\ ^to? tfou fxo^ Coltq^;' 
cuuTog 3 'AAilfitk/^^ ci» Tcag cJ^<^oXougy ^^h toiQtov Ti^T^(rctfjSf<^, 
Q.S'.07iomou (pm\v tIw Myofj^vljuu YJ^ifj.ctm', Jt, i^iihUivy o^/uLwcig C4t <l>ct- 
crnMJ^. (^io K) 7s7\Hovci.g Yijiii^g cv tw ttoAh hiTe^^^iV h>i»- oug yi Oso- 
^iKla Ti^vmoi©^ [h^ i) ^cLOiYih.mg) Mv dnovcL dvamfMpUtf c*. dyo^cl, 
fA^ i^aitvcv l%imfxcL(ri fxi^vodv^ Vut '^ <^i<pcLvodV gTTgpp-vj/ei/ 7roAA»V" «X 
dx'^^ ^ T^cuJtd '^hS^^g Tifjilw Tn •^0//^'« cTt' 'AeA90Ti?dw k^ (piKo- 

(yoCpicLV OjU.I,XicX. TT^V TOV OLV^^. 

JAiTci TouuTcL IJioriSm Tg T^g oLvU9civ]oLg ^^eiy j^ ^^vyioLV SX^^^TO' >i 
ro^S^iov TfoXiv, ig-iuv Mi^a t» TrtLT^ouQ 'j^i^ MyofjSpljuu, cs^Xol^o^v, tIw 
^^vAT^afjSflw djucL^oLV dhv (pXom z^vdoLg oihAijS^jUD, j^ 7\oyov W ouu- 
TH Tfi^^Jof^QV lisjo 'P^ ^a^^cL^m i)}iii(7iv, dg t^ 7\v(rGLvl^ tov hcrfiov ei- 
fJLOL^Tcu ^OLdiT^H "^sc^ 'i^ oUajUi^UM^. ol fpp ^v 7ro7\Aoi (poL<rh T&V (i\(riu^ 
TV(p7.oLg ix^^iilo^v Tctg d^X^'' ^9 '^^ «AA»|a&)i/ 7ro7.AcLmg (rKoAiolg iT^yfjLoig 
"^^(pi^fjSijmo Tov A7\i^oLV(^e^v dfJLY^^xpomvlaL 7\v(rou, S^KXTifJLm t% fjLOL- 

X'^^^ T^ (^tWCLfJLfJLCl, Vuj TTOAAct? S^ OLUtQ K07riv](^ d^X^'' ^^^vlwoU' 'A- 

g/,fo^»A(^ i) Kj ■^cLVv 7\iyei pct^SicLV ouutw tIjuu 7\V<TIV '^i^OU <^-i7\ov\i tQ 

j)VfJLS TQV ig-Q^ KOL7\iifjSpOV, (TtWeix^ 7"0 (jjyo<^€(J-f>LOV, €iS' iiTdOg V^i7\KV- 

(TcLvli Tov Ivyov. hv\(£^iv TloupT.cLyovoLg ts k^ Ka7r7ra<P(iKoig T^e^^ayayo- 
ju^©^> K^ tIuu M.ifJLVov(^ dmdag t€K^jtIuj, og -j^ o^' B-aAdTln Aa- 
f«s cr^anyoov cBi(^o'^(^ yiv ' AKi^dv^e,(^ 7ro7\7\d T^^yfjLaTa k^ fjLveiag 

dvJi- 

PerfraiifireaUquem.marislocum^patehittranJitus. vit vehiculum cortice revinftum corneo: ac 

Alexander autem ipfe in epiftolis fuis nihil pro vero a barbaris accepit credi in fatis efle, 

portenti ejufccmodi jadans, iter- narrat fecif- qui vinculum id folviflet, is ut imperio orbis 

fe fe per Climaca appellatara, atque ex Pha- terras potiretur. Gommemorant quidem mul- 

fclide progrefrum eam pcragrafTe. Unde dies ti, vinculum, quod tortuofis orbibus nodi 

cpmplures in eo oppido fubftitit: quibus in femetipfis identidem implicati celarent lo- 

quum Theode£ti jam fato fun£ti (fuitautem ramentorum capita, Alexandrum folvere de- 

Phafelites) ftatuaai vicjiiret in foro locatam, fperantem, gladio nexum difrecuifle, atque 

perrexit eo faltatura a coena temulentus, multa eo refoluto capita invenifie. Arifto- 

crebra.fque cqronas ei injecitj haud invenu- bulus vero fane quam expedite nodum ait 

ftum tribuens per ludum honorem confuetu- eum folvifle, quum exemiflct ex temone 

dini, quas per Ariftotelem ?^ philofophiam clavum, quem vocant, qui temoni alligat; 

ei cum illo interceflerat. jugum, atque ita inde jugum fubtraxifltt. 

Hinc Pifidas, quos in armis reperit, oppri- Hinc Paphlagonas & Cappadocas in ditio- 

mir, Phrygiam fubjugat. Gordium oppidum, nem accepit. Adfertur etiam Memnonis exi- 

quod vetcris Midie fertur domicilium fuifle, tus, qui Darii pr^feftus claflis, multum 

in fidem accipiens, nobilitatum illud fpefta- Alexandro laboris exbibiturus, fexcentafque 

diffi- 



A A E S A N A P O S. 37 

dv]i?\.Yi-^w »9 d^oKioLg TTct^i^eiV, Itijsjiod^n ir^g tLiA dm g-^mAV fjLoiA- 
AoK. n<h »9 AcL^ei(^ qm 2ycr&)i/ }ictTi^cuv^Vy kTTou^p^og rs t4 7rAM3-« 
■^ S^ojuctfJLiOdg ( i^movJoi y) «ys /AveActi^ag <^pj,th ) kou Tiy(^ ovet^a ^-ct^- 
pvi/ov](^ cfcJroV, oV oi fJLOLyoi w^g ;:^ct£/i/ cJ^nySvJo fJLS.h7\ov ri f{^ to etKog,' 

iS^O^i ^ TtVeJi VifJLi^ TiOTKKOd tIw yiclMHvGdV (pOLAOLfyoL' toi 'AXi^OLV- 

^ooy i^ovJoL ?-oAUv, «y cwTog i(po^et Tt^tipjv, d(ryctV(hg ^v f^otcriAiCii^, 

VTfYI^Teiv OUUl^' TfOL^i^^OVJoL Q «V TO 78 BjlAa T^Mp(^, OL(pOLVii -fpiiB-CU, 
^id TiiTm, Cdg iOlKiV, i;7rgc)\)A»T0 C^^^ tQ 02», hOLfJLTT^ '^^^ J^ ^^«fe^- 

4»a!'^ TOL 'P^ MoLKii^ovctiv' ' Am^olvS^^v -^ fA{j 'A(TioLg K^Tri(reiV, mcmi^ 
zm^Tmi Aa.^ei<^, c/| ct^ryctv^a ^a.(Ti\Sjg ^of^^, Ta^xy ij o^vV ^o|i^' 
tov (biov 'iKToT^ei^^eiV. 

"Er< Q ^d>7\ov iB-dy^ncnv, KaTayv^g hthiav 'AXi^dvi'^^ to%vv ;:^^V6V 
hjf YiiKmct (^iaTet^^avl^^. Iw o « J*tctre^^>i cTtct roVoj', h ol fjSp qm kottqiVj 
ci A8crrt|u6^u& c^> i^ "^^ Kv^^va JK^fjLan KaTaTra-^Ti n^(Tti(reiv 'hiy\i(Tiv<: 
t^ y^ »!/ ctAAffli/ \a.T^m ^S^etg i^dpjiet )So>i3-»)V«v, ctAAct roV KivS^twov 
oUfjSfJoi 7rd(rng \yy^Ti^v eivou (^oYi^eiag, gcpo^ai/7o tLlv cm t8 (r(pa7\lwoiz 
S^ia^oTdw %^g raV Mct)tgcl^ot/fiC^* ^ihiitn^ o 'A^a^vdv fjLoy^^. \^ 
Ift)^ rct fsfe^^ otJroi/ ov\a, rw q ^{Afoi ^rtf^li^&jr, v^ Seivov nyii(j[}p(^ ei kiv~ 
(^tw^ovJi fJLYi (rvfKivStwdj(ret, ftiX^ ^ i^dTng Ttei^g (^oyi^iSv ^i^ t^pj^otA- 

AOjwS^©", 'i7riX^eY)(Ti (pa^fJLaKHcC l^ (TlWineidiV OJUTOV \:Z^fjL^VCU Kj TTieiv, 

cc^dj- 

difFicukates & negotk putabatur. Ita magis Multo vero magis efl animatus, quod A- 

ad bellum in fuperiores provincias promoven- lexandrum pro ignavo duceret, qui multum 

dum eft confirmatus. Jam Darius e Sufis mo- temporis triviflet in Cilicia. Detinuit eum 

vei'at, tum copiarum fubnixus multitudine morbus, quo alii eum ex laboribus, alii, quum 

(quippe fexcenta miUia militum fub fignis in amni Cydno gelidiflimo corpus abluiflet, 

habebat) tum frctus fomnio quodam, quod correptum referunt. Hic quum ex ca;teris 

blandientes ei magisquam proverifimilitudine medicis remedium nemopromitteret, fed peri- 

inserpretati fuerant magi. Macedonum agmen culum exiftimantes omnis fuperius opis efle, 

magno ignis fulgore vifum eft collucere: A- timerent, fi titubaflent, obtreftationem apud 

lexander autem,quo ante ipfe cultu fuerat in- Macedonas: Philippus Acarnan fpem falutis 

dutas,quum regis eflTct afgandes, fibi miniftra- quidem in prxcipiti videbat efle, verum ami- 

r«, ac quura in Beli tempUim eflTet ingreflus, citia ejus fretus, £v indignum ratus fi cum 

exoculJsefl*efubdu6tus. His nimirumportendit rege in difcriraine pofito non una difcrimen 

Deusmagnificas&claras resMacedonasgeftu- fubiret, nec ultima remedia tentaret vel cum 

ros,& potiturum AfiaAlexandrum, ficut poti- periculo, aggreflus eft remedium ei afFerre, 

tns ea Darius fuerat, ex afgande faftus rex j adhortatufque eum ut admitteret id 6c 

verum-brevi vitam cum gloxia depofiturum. liauriret , fi feftinaret valetudinem recipe- 

D 2 re. 



28 AAESANAPOS. 

c?jSj^ov\cl jiUo^luicu TT^t; rov Trohsfjiov. cv nircd q Hd^mijim iTtifjA/iv 
ims-o?\.luu '^<7ro s-^TOT^iS^a, S'ici>ii?\.djdfjS(j(^ cwt^ (pvAoi^oL^ TOV OtAtTF- 
TTOi/, ag \sm Act^eia mTreto-fjS^ov cBi S^od^ioug (JnycLKouq ■^ ydfJLCd ^vycL- 
T^g dviKHV 'AKi^avt^^v. 6 jj, tIw cBi<foaIw dvayv^g-, v^ fjLYihv\ S^H^ctg 
't^ (pihodv, \:m tq 7r^(T}ti(pcL7\cu,ov vTTiS-miV. (^g 7"a Kcug^ i:cLe^dv\(^ 
€i(rr)7\B-iV fJ^ T^ iTai^odV d O/AtTTTr©^ to (pd^fjLcDiov b^ zvAm itofjLi^c^Vy 

QJKHVCd yS{J iTIii^OiMV t!w Sh<F07\lw» OUJTOg Q TO (pd^fjLOLKOV ii^i^OLTO Tf^^V- 

fjLOog Kj dvv7rd7f](t)g' wVs B-oujfioL<^Yiv j^ 3iOLTejL>tyiv tIjuu o^^iv ^vou, tS f^y 
dvoLym(rKov\(^, tQ q, TrivovlQ^' htol dfjLOL yr^dg dKKnhag )><7n)^7\ind\i\odV 
^X dfxoioagj d70\d ra f^ ' A7.i^dvi^^ii (pau^e,o^ tw 7r^(rc^7rci> yij hoLUXv- 
fjS^(t) tIw 7r^dg tov <l>/At7r7rov SjfBpHOLV >^ 7ri<^iv '^7io(pcuvovl(^' c/Heiva 3 
TT^dg tIw (^iolQoT^Iw cJ^i^oLf^Hy K^ 7rdTi fj8(j BiOK7\vTHv\(^ v^ 7r^dg Tdv »- 
^vdv dvoLT€iVov\(^ Tdg x^&^^^ '^'^'^'^ "^? )0\ivy\ (Z^7ri7f\o]i\'^, k^ cz^kol- 
Aai/7©-' roj/ ' AXi^avS^^v SBvfJieiv k^ 7rp^(Tix^iV ouui^. rd yy (pd^fJLctKov hv 
d^X^ x-^Tri(rav tQ (rodfJLOLT(^, olov d^rionG-i k^ iL0LTii)j7iV eig (ldB-(^ tyiv 
^wucLfJLiv, ^Vs »9 (podvnv cJ^KH7reiV ii^ ra ^afe^ ty\v cu^YiG-iV d(rcL(pn J^ fJLi- 
Kp^ KOfjLi^n •^so^) 7\et7ro^vf/.ioLg cMi7ri(ni(rYig. a fiyiv d7K?\d TcLXii^g dvcL- 
A>j^3-«V \7m ra C^iAiVTry, ^ podcroLg oujTdv iTriS^a^i Toig MoLKnS^d^nv. ^ y^ 
i7iDUJov\o 7rejLV IS^eiv tov ' AT.i^oLvS^^v d^vfjLSv\ig. 

'Hi/ <^i Tig cv t4 Aa^eia <^^tw 7ri(p<^yo^g cjk MauS^oviag, dvri^ Ma- 
Kii^ddv, 'AfjLvv\ag, iiK d^ret^g -^ ' AT^i^^dv^e,"^ (pv(riO)g. «t©-" od^fjLY^fjQpov 

Mv 

re, ut ad bellum pergeret. Inter haec a Par- tis, indignantis illius ob calumniam, & nunc 

menione accepit ex caftris literas, quibus ei Deorum fidem inclamantis, manufque ad 

denuntiat ne falutem fuam committat Philip- coelum tendentis, nunc in leftum incum- 

po, magnis muneribus eum a Dario & nup- bentis, £c Alexandrum omiflb metu fibi 

tiis filite ejus effe ad interficiendum Alexan- hortantis ut fidem haberet. Medicamen enim 

drum redemptum. Hic poftquam epiftolam fuperato initio corpore, quafi impulit & de- 

accepit, nuUi eam amicorum oftendir,fed fub- merfit in imum vires, ut vox quoque inter- 

jecit cam pulvino. Ubi tempus ofFerendi me- cluderetur, atque interveniente infuper animi 

dicamenti advenit, & Philippus cum amicis defeftu, fenfus fupereflet exilis &c perexi- 

ejus & poculo, in quo diluerat medicamen- guus. Cito tamen fanitati a Philippo refti- 

tum, intravir, tradidit iUi epiftolam, ipfe me- tutus, viribufque recuperatis in confpeftum 

dicinam accepit alacriter & intrepide. Fuit Macedonum venit. Neque enim prius a con- 

mirificum & vifendum fpeftacukim tum hu- fternatione difcefl^erunc quam afpexifl^ent A- 

jus bibentis tum illius legentis, inde fimul in- lexandrum. 

tcr fe difpari raodo contuentium : verum A- Erat in Darii pr^efidiis Macedo quidam 

lexandri laeto vultu & exporredVo fuam in extorris Macedonia, Amyntas, ingenii A- 

PhilJppum bcnevolentiam 6c fidem prjeferen- lexandri non rudis. Hic molientem cer- 

f nens 



AAESANAPOS. 29 

\2z^|wV«v, cv TrAaV©^ '^X^^^ TrsJ^oig k^ civcimTflcifMiJoig ir^og \7\cLr\ovcLg 
-nhYi^ei TO(T^T(!d S^ioLfJLctxiifJ^ov. '^Keivaf^n Aa^eia hhivca. fjLYt (p^ai^ 
(rmiv ojuTov ^^S^^vl^g oi noKifjuoiy ti^ S^icJL^pvyc^v ' K7\i^a.vS^(^, 'KT^hd 
T»T« ysj «TTgi/, 6) ^a^TihSy X^^^i B-(X,jij)ei' (ia<SieiTcu y^ c/n«i/©^ <lBi crf, 
jL v^cTov «^w ^aSila. TOjijTa 7\iy(t)v ' KpLvnjTag iiK meikvy ctAA dva^^dg 
iTto^SjiTo Act^«(^ «V K<Aw/cti/, oL^a 3 'AAe|civJ^^(^ eig 'Evejiav it: oMei- 
vov. h Q TM i/y^Ti o^iafJLa^Tovlig ci?\?\n?y(tiv, cwS-ig dvi^^i^pov, ' KXi^avS^^og 
fj8{J YiiSofy>og Ti Tij (Tujulvxict-, T^ cujdji^cdv dnav\vi(rcu ^afet t(JL g-iVOL, Aa- 
f «(^ 0) T«V TT^Ti^v dva?\aCeiv <F^Towi<^eiav, ;t, t^ ^-gv&i'»' cJ^iXi^cu Triv 
c^vvafJLiV. ijS^Y) '^ 'iyvodKet a^ to a-y^Cpg^oi/ 'ifJL^i^Xmg icwTov eig x'^^^ 
B-aT^dily} y^ o^i(ri k^ noTayL^ S^id fJLi^rn piovli t4 nti'Jbtf6) iSixriTfKa, )^ cTig- 
cma(TiBpa 7ro?\haxS^ ^ tt^o? "^ oAtyoV>iT(^ 'P^ TroTMfjLiOdv ixoHla Triv B-i^ 

(TiV. ' KXi'C,dvSe,(^ TOV ^ TOTTOV « TVX^I 7ra^i<^iV' 'i<^^TY\yY](TiV Q T&V 

>W T' TVX'^'^ vTra^X'^^^^ '^^^'' '^^ viKyi(Tcu (hiXTiov. ocryi Too-iirct) nTKYi^et 
TCdV (ia^^d^odv Aei7rof^(^, cMeivoig fj^ a Tra^i^i KVK?\oi(Tiv, cwTog q t4 
h^i^ To Sj(£)VvfJLov v7Ti^Qa?\d^v, yi^ ' •^oju^©^ y(^ Ki^g, (pvyvw 'ivroin^Tiv 
Tm Ka^' cwTov ^ae,^d^odv, qm vf^odTOig dyodVi^of^(^' u>qi T^od^Hvcu ^icpet 
Tov fJLYi^ov, odg fjLiv Xot^n? (pYKTiv, vztro Act^ein {(TVfj,7ri(Teiv y) oujTQg eig 
X^&^^) ' K?\i^avSe(^ (^ ^ ^^X^^ Sh^i?\?\obv roig (^ tov 'Kvji^ra- 
T^ov, iiK ei^miv 09ig yiv 6 T^od^rag, oTi q T^o^^n rov fx.i)§ov 'irxeieji.<^i(&, 

rens Darium intra anguftias in Alexandrum telligebat fuo incommodo in loca fe con- 

contendere, oravit eum ut fubfifteret, atque jecifle, ob mare, montes, & amnem interla- 

operiretur illum in liberis 6c patentibus cam- bentem Pindarum, equitatui incommoda & 

pis,qui tanto pluribus copiis aggreflurus pau- paflim interrupta, hoftiumque paucitati op- 

ciores eflet. Cui ut refpondit Darius, vereri portuna. Locum quidem Alexandro fortuna 

fe ne maturarent hoftes fugam capeflTere, & priebuit : verum hic acie inftruenda ad vifto- 

Alexander fe fubducere, Atqui, quod ad id riam obtinendam vicit beneficia fortunas. Qui 

pertinet, inquit, nihil eft, rex, quod timeas : quum tanto barbarorum numero eflet inferior, 

movebit enim in te ille, & prope jam movet. non dedit illis facultatem circundandi fe. Ipfe 

His diftis nihil movit Amyntas Darium, fed dextro cornu finiftrum eorum ita priEteriir, 

motis fignis ille in CiHciam perrexit, fimul ut ex obliquo irruens, oppofitos fibi barbaros 

Alexander contra ilUim in Syriam. Nofte avertit ante figna dimicans, ac viilnus in fe- 

quum a mutuo occurfu in itinere aberraflent, more accepit (ut Chares ait) ,a Dario, cum 

retro fe recepere. Fuit eo cafu Alexander Ije- quo manus contuliflet Aiexander. Cccterum 

tus, qui occurrere intra fauces properabat Alexander de hac pugna ad Antipatrura 

h.ofti, Darius fupcriora rcpetere caftra, atque fcribens, non meminit ejus qui iauciave- 

cx anguftiis copias cxplicare. Jam cnim in- rat ipfum. Vulneratum quidem femur gladio, 

fed 



go AAESANAPOS. 

TF^o^gy vij ytaTOL^cihm vm^ %vh)ict lA.ve^cL^ctg t^ iroK^iJiim-, Act^etov fAp 

iiX «Agf, TiTicL^g <^Cihiig « Tfivle 7r^07\Ci^Dv]cL TH Cpvy^, TO Q a^ibLci 
lij TO TO^OV CIVtQ KOi^(^V incliVn7\hv' ^ )iCiTi7\Ci^iV T^q MaKiJ^OVOig TOV 

fjSfj ctAAoi/ ttTkQtov c/k ry (2>rt.^^ote/x.« <^^T07uihi (pi^ovloig k^ aiyovlaig vm^- 
^oihhovJx 7r7\ri^eij KouTre^ <^(j^vm TT^og tIw fJicLX^ (c^^-fpofSpmy )^ 
m TrXei^oL t" ^kmcKdjvig h Aafjioi(rm KctTCL7\i7iov\m-> tIuu q Aaf«a o-kIw'. 
Iw Shj^moTag cMeiwj S-s^Treiag Ti 7\ctpjK^g j^ o^^dK^Ytg j^ ;^f>5^ot- 
Tm 7Vo7JkS>v yipjeicrcLV' diS-vg «j' "^hioS^vcrcLfjQfJ©^ tol oTrAa, 7r^g to A«- 
T^QV i^cLh'(\h «7r(WV, "lodiAp )hn)7\ii(rofj^oi tov "^m t" jLLoixng 'k^^^tol t^ 
Actf«« 7\iiT^^. Kou Tig iV iTol^my Mct tov AicL, dTiiVy clKKcI id 'A- 
M^oivt^^a' Toi y^ tS>v YiT}(t>fj8pm dvou rs ^ei j^ TTfocrayo^stlgo^ ra ;c^^ 
Tai^©-'. 6)V «£^61' fjimAMoi Kj K^oiar^g j^ TrngAy? >^ oLAoL^oL^^^ng) ^tolvJol 

X^^^^ ri^J^KYljULiVOL (SStLTiodgy OdMS^et Q ^g<2Z7S£ri0l/ OfOI/ 'UJOT CL^0itfJ.OLTm Kj 

fjivqm ol)i(^' c/K T5:JTa TTci^JiAO^i' «V (tkIwIuu v-^h Tg j^ ^tgyg5-«, )^ 
t£v rttfet tZw) <^^mfjivlw %j T^7iiCag v^ to S^ei^ivov olvtQ ?coV/t/.« ^cLVfjLct- 
t(^ ctjtct, J^totioAg^J/ot^ 7^e,og THg iTUi^ag, Taro /«J^ oog io^KiVy i(pni to 
^au^iT^iveiV. 

T^i7rofjLiV0d Q TT^og To JetTrvov avTUj (p^^ei Tig cjf Tolg ouxfLa- 
7\0dToig dyofJLivag a«T^g^ -^ ywuouKa Aa^ein, k^ ^vyaTi^g ^uo 7r'a^- 
B-iViigj \^ii(rag to a^fjia %j tol To^a Ko^fli^ kou S-^luum, cdg ^s^tdAwAo- 
T©^ cAielv^. (Tvxvov »v cBi^cav x?°^°^ ' A7\i^av(^^^, j^ Tcug c/Keivm tv- 

fed nihil ex vulneie periculi fcribit accidifle. vero, inquit, immo Alexandi-i : quae enim ad 

InGgni parta vi£boria, & plus centum 6c vi- vi6tos pertinuere, ea 6c efle & dici debent 

gtnti millibus interfeftis, non cepit Darium, vi£toris. Ut vero pyxides vidit, guttos, am- 

qui quatuor aut quinque ftadia fuga praece- puUas, alabaltros, ex auro fabrefafta omnia, 

perat, fed curru 8c arcu ejus potitus, rece- domufque ex<:itatiflimo odore 8c aromatibus 

pit fe, ofFenditque Macedonas caeteram o- & unguentis fragravit, inde in tabernaculum 

pulentiam ex barbarorum caftris immenfara tranfiit faftigio, laxitate, lefti menfarumque 

egerentes, tametfi expediti illi ad pugnam 8c coense illius nitore admirandum,. oculos ad 

veniffent , maximamque impedimentorum amicos intendens ; Hoc nimirum, inquit, erat 

partem reliquifl^ent Damafci. Tabernaculum regnare. 

Darii refcrvarant illi refertum egregio fa- Verfo ad coenam nuntiat quifpiam ma- 

mulitio, inftruraento regio 8c magna vi au- trem uxoremque Darii, & duas filias virr 

ri 8c argenti. Ibi confeftim armis exutis ad gines, qus; inter captivas ducebantur, ubi 

balneum proceflltj dicens, Eamus ad ablu- viderunt currum 8c arcum illius, plangere 

endum Darii balneo> contradtum ex pugna 8c lamentari eum quafi peremptum. Diu ibi 

Uidorcm, Ibi quidam ex amicis, Minime Alexander obticefcens, atque illarum magis 

quam 



I 



A A E S A N A P O S. 31 

X<^ ;UaAAi3f n TOK? icujr^ ifjLTrcL^Y)^ -^o A^^j TTifj^Trei AiovvcLToh oLTTar. 
yeiXcu ytih^<T(JL(; &)? in I^cl^h^^ li^vmiVy iri 'Axi^a.vS^^v ^Mvcu 
XP^' ActfEiO) ^ yVs^ nyif^ovictg TroMinm, cAiHVoug q Wt^a v7roi^^et9 
m vLj Au^eta ^cnfyihdjovl^^ yi^iQvJo. tQ q T^oya rcug yuvott^lv ^jll^h j^ 

X^n'^^ (pOLVivl^, iTl fJLUT^hOV '^OI^pCU^ CUX^GLhidrOi^ TOL "iK^ 'P^ i^ym 

ciTsivla. (pihoLV^^ctiTrci. S-d-^cu y> oV»^ g^sAoj?o Tii^a-^v ii^miv, i^iin j^ 
TioG-jLLc^ X§y)<rcLi^{Jcug QM T^" 7^cL(pv^m' S^i^TTeioLg ts. j^ Ti/jLm nv «;^(MS 
aJ'' oTiQv oi(peiKiVy s-LUjloL^ag q fjLa^ovoig cjm^TrQvlo -zV 7r^T«f6M'. « ^ 
;&3eAXiV« 3'^ |Sa.(r(Awt6)T(3tTH %aet$" >iv Trot^' ottiTa, yiwcu^t '^vcuoug '^oy^joug 
oiixi^aLh^Tou; j^ (rcid<p^<rh fJLriTi oizda-ou tl, fxnTi \:ziPiVOYicroUy pjnn Tr^oaS^o- 
joicrcM T^ cu^^OdVy ctAA, wcco-gf 5^;c ci> g-^roTfiS^o^ nohifJLlmy oLhh c# 
t«|'0('? ;^ ctytoj? pvhoLrJop^oLg 7roL^^ivu<nVy "M^^Jiyitov ix^v k^ olo^tov gTg- 
^oig S^icuTOLV. Kcdroi hiyirou yi rlw Actf«« ytwcuKOL wohv 7ra(r^v t^ 
^oLa-ihiS^m Svr^sTns^OLThuj '^iSrcUy m^oLTTi^ j^ cotJTog Aa^«©-' dvi^^m 
KCL7Khi<^(^ jt, laeyi?-©^' Tot? o vrcuS^OLg hoiy.ivou roig yoiS^nv. dhh' 'Ahi^- 
atj\i^e,(^y ccg ioiHiV, tQ Vimv rQg TToAg/^jW, to K^reiv iouur^ ^OLcT^im- 
Ti^ov YiyiifjSp(^y HTi r^rm sS-f^, «Vg dhhlw tyvod yiwdlm tt^o yd- 
fdJHy 7fhLuu BcL^crnVYig. oujty) q juJ tIu) Mifivov(^ nhSjrhu) X^^ ^oij8{jyi, 
(i^ AafjLOLCTitov 'ih^p^n- 7ri7fcLi<S^(^iJ^y) j' nou^^eioLV 'Ehhlfjutnlwy j^ rov r^o- 
TTov cJ-keiyi^g »i7ct, j^ TtoLr^g 'A^roL^dl^iy yiyovoT(^ cm (^OL(ri?^iodg 5-vyoL- 
T^gy iyv(J>Srny IioL^\^im(^ ^r^or^i-^oLfj^n rov 'Ahi^oLV(^^ov, m (pncriv 

'AejL' 

quam fua permotus fortuna, Leonatura mit- neque fufpicarentur, neque exfpectarent tur- 

tit, iraperatque ut nuntiet eis nec Darium pe; fed quafi non in hoftium callris, verum 

mortuura, ncc efle quod Alexandrum ti- in ficris 8c fanftis virginum domiciliis fer- 

meant : quippe bellum cum Dario Alexan- vatse in abdito extra aliorum oculos vitam 

drum de imperio gerere,neque illis quicquam agerent. Quanquara quidem perhibetur Da'. 

ex priftina fortuna, quie regnante fuerat Da- rii coniunx longe omnium reginarum fuifle 

rio, defore. His didis allevatje funt & re- venullifriraa, ut virorum ille pulcherrimus 8c 

creatse foeminse : multo vero magis jam cap- eminentiffimus : filix etiam fimiles fuiflc pa- 

tivae fafta benigna comperere. Quofcunque rentum. Sed Alexander profefto, temperare- 

Cflim vellent permifit eis Perfas fepelire, ut- fibi quam hoftes vincere magis rcgium du?» 

qwe vefle.m Sc apparatum fumerent de prxda : cens, nec has attigit, nec mulierem anEe nup- 

oeqye de cultu aut dignatione quam habu- tias cognovit ullam, cxcepta Barfene. Hace- 

erant vel minimum detraxit : reditus eis e- poft Memnonis mortem vidua Damafci cap- 

tiam prioribus ampliores attribuit. At pul- ta eft. Cum ea, quie liceris Gr^eis- infti- 

clierrimum 6c maxime rege dignum bene-i tma. Sc moribus erat placida, patre Artaba- 

ficium ejus ia foerainas generofas captivas 2x> ex filia regis prognato ,. concubuit A- 

& caftas extitit, quod nihil neque audirent, lexander, incitante eum (ut Ariftobulus au- 

tor 



32 AAESANAPOS. 

'Ae/5"o^»A©^, y.cL7\Y\g /^ '^vouctg k^ to mh7\(^ ct-vj/ac^ ywucLiy.og. TotV o 
ctAAot? ai;:^iuaA&)Vb!? c)f&)V o 'AAg|afiJ^f(^ }tclh?\£i j^ ^gyg3-« S^ioL^pi^aa-oLi 
iXiyi 7rour,oiVi (£)<; ei(T\y ciKyY^S^ong ofXfxcLrm cu Tli^dih^. oivJiTriS^etKyv- 
juV©^ 3 TT^V r/ty IS^iOLV tIw cMHmy to i? ISiotg ifK^THOLg Kj <r(i>(p^o- 

(TUJUYig K0Lh7\.(^i fflWg^ OL-^VXii? ^KOVOL? OLyoLhjULCLTdiV TUCL^imfJLTTiV. 

'ETTi] (piKo^iV^y 'P^ cBi 3-oLhcLTli)g ^^TYiyog, iy^-^iv avou ttol^' 
cwt4 ©so^i^aj^^^v TivoL ToL^vJivoVy ixov^oL 7Cou<hLg cdviag Ai'o, tIw o-vj/ij/ 
vTTi^Ovfigi J^ 7rtw^oLV0f^(^ « 7reiY)]cu, x^TKiTim cMifmVj I^ocl TroAAot- 
yiig 7i^og t»? (2)iAa? i^(tiT06Vy Ti ^rcoTroTi OiAo^gv©^ ou^^ov olvtw crtwi- 
yvodzodgj ToiOLVTO. ovei<h ^r^o^am kcl^yitou. tov q ^iAo^ivov olvtov cv S^- 
6-oAm 7roX7}iOL AoiJ^fnVot?, cMi7\.<^iV avTolg (poe^Tioig tov Qio^od^ov eig tqv 

OXi^^OV ^S?70$-2AA«l'. i7tm7\Yi^iV Q Kj "Ayi'&)l'l ViOLvi<rKCi), y^-^CLvll 7r^og OLV- 
TOVj OTl K^MT^OV dlS^OKiljLQvJoL CV KoeJ.V^(t) ^iiXi) 7reL0Lf^(^ OLyOLyiiV 

^^og avTov. Trfvdoti/ojuSjjU©^ o p,iSro<p<!)^odV Tivodv yvuuoLioL (^aCp^oL^Kivcu Aol- 
/jLOdva K^ TijULo$-iov MoLKiS^^^voLg T&v \5m Ha^fMpiodVi 5"^t<1/o|W^J&)i/, iy^.~ 

:^iIlOL^\^iodVi, Ki7\^0dVy iOLV iAifx^OiCriV} C^g B-YieJ-OL &¥i KOLTOL<P^0^<Z T&V 
dvS-§0d7r0dV yiyoVOTOL TifJLOde,YI<TCLl^OV "^KTOKleiVCU. Kj fS^ iOUUT^ K^ hi^iV 

fijv TOLVTy) TM c^f oAm yiy^(pij 'Eycd y) iix oTi ioo^Kcog cti/ S^i^eiiv tIiji) 
AcL^ein ywuouKcLi ji ^i^iiK<hfB{j<^ i<^eiV) olA7\ ^Ti TOdv Aiy(3vJoov (sfci T? 
.evjbLo^<pioLg oLVTng 7r^o<Thhyf^(^ tov 7\oyov. i7\i^ jj fJLaihi<^0L <rtu>iivat 

B-VYiTOg 

tor eft) Parmenione, ut elegantem mulierem, Theodorum juflit ut cum mercibus fuis in 

& prxter formam generofam attingeret. Cx- malam rem ablegaret. Agnonem adolefcen- 

tcras captivas ut vidit Alexander fpecie & tem etiam caftigavit, quod fibi fcripfiflet 

ftatura eximias, dixit joco, Quam magni ocu- Crobylum velle fe celebris apud Corinthios 

lorum dolores funt Perfides ! Ad aemulationem nominis puerum comparare atque ad ipfum 

vcro illarum formce oftentans fuae continen- mittere. Quum ad eum delatum eflet merce- 

tiae & moderationis pulchritudinem, ficut in- nariorum quorundam militum uxores a Da- 

animatas fignorum imagines tranfmittebat eas. mone & Timotheo Macedonibus, qui fub 

Qiium ors maritimse praefeftus ad eum Phi- Parmenione merebant, ftupratas, Parmenioni 

loxenus fcripfiftet, efl^e apud fe Theodorum per litteras mandavit, fi manifefti criminis 

quendam Tarentinum, qui pueros duos habe- forent, ut eos tanquam natas ad hominum 

ret forma praecellenti, quaerens an emeret eos, corruptelam belluas puniret atque interfi- 

indignatus, atque identidem ad amicos excla- ceret. Ac de femetipfo in hac epiftola ad 

mans, rogavit quam unquam in fe turpitudi- verbum fcripfit, Ego enim non folum non 

nem deprehendifl"et Philoxenus, qui, defidens vidifle inveniar Darii uxorem, aut videre co- 

ibi, talia opprobria procuraret fibi. Ipfi Phi- gitafle, verum nec verba facientes de ejus de- 

loxeno, in epiftola multis profciflb convitiis, core fuftinuifle audire. Dicebat mortalem fe 

eflc 



AAESANAPOS. 33 

dSnveiAg rw (pvaet -^ to ttovQv jt, tq rK^ofApov. h^ ^ ya^^og Ik^TWa- 
t(^, cog K^ tSto d.7\7^oig rg ttoAAo?? UnXmiV, v^ Tolg n^g "AJ^ai/ Mx-- 
B-H(riv, bju iTromctTo ibt,f]Ti^, K) Koteict? fictcriAioTOiv ciniiei^iv. odg ^ 
c/Kfiffl (piM^p^vnf^n TToAAct y^ o-^d m^' yif/.i^v oLTTig-ihXiV ouut^ lij 
TFi/uilbLciTciy TgA©-' 0, raV ^oK^vlcig eivou S^eiVOTcLrdg o-^onoi.^g k^ d^Tonoi^gy 

i(py) TiiTOiV fJLY\^iV S^ei^' (^iKTlOVoLg 7^ O-^OTTOlQg ix^^ '^^ '^^ TTOLlSoiyOdyH 

AiOdviSa hSofjSfjag clvt^, Tt^g [^ to deA^ov, vvKloTroejLaVy %^g 3 70 
i^eiTtVQV, 6?\iycLejL^ioLV. 'O S'' oLVTog §t(^ dvvi^, '((pHi v^ i^ ^^ctifjidTUiv cJ^odV 
Td dfyeioL k^ ■^ IfJLOLTim gAvcgi/, oJh^KOTt&v fjun ti fxoi T§v(pi§ov ri (^(T^ 
irov « f/.^Tn^ (TiwTi^eDisv. 

^Hv j iL TT^og q)vov yitIov y) hhm x.ctTa(pe^i]g. \So^i q, chrt. tov ;:^^oi/of, 
h » Tiivoi^v fjbdKKov Yi 7\a>MV «A;tgv, l(p' im<FYig kvTkik^B-' da fjLOLKe^ov tivol 
7\oyov (S^ioLTMfjS{j(^) >9 TOLVTU, 7to?0\Y\g c^oT^g i(TY\g. STTet TT^og ys Tdg 
TT^^eig, iiK oli/©^ cAteivov, iix vttv^, a TTcuS^id Tig, « ydfJL^, » 9-gct, 
HotOctTrgf dTQwig g-^rnyaV, gTrg^sf. J^nAot q ^t(^, ov ^ico^roLg (i^x^ 
7rciv\d%cJL(Tiv, 7r?\^^cdv Kj (jLiyi<^oiv tt^^wv hiTrT^YKriv. ov 3 Tdi^ %oAcm?, 
TT^odTov fjSp dvcL?-dg Kj ^v(roLg Tolg Bsolg, djB-vg ne^^ct kolUA^(^, ivretTOL 

SiY]fJLi§(^iy KVVYiyOdV, Y) (TUJUTdTioiV, « (^iKd(^Ci)V Tl TOdV iroMfJLiKOdVj « dvOLyi- 

vod(TKOdV. ii 61S0V (iaiSi^oi fJLY) xioLV i7reiyii(Tav, Ifjidv^aviv dfjLa Tto^Aio- 
jm$j(u(^ Y\ To^ivetv , « cJh^aiveiV d^fJLaT(^ lAajuvofjSfn j^ '^^'^ciiveiv. 

7F0^.~ 
efle intelligcre fe potiiTimum ex fomno 8c Jam in vinum quoque fuit minus opinione 

concubitu, quod ab eadem imbecillitate na- efFufus. Habitus eft tamen, ob Ipatium quod 

turam inceflat laffitudo & voluptas. Fuit & non bibendo magis quam fabulando produce- 

gulae temperantilJimus, quod cum aliis fig- bat, fingulis calicibus prolixum fermonem in- 

nis oftcndit, tum fuis ad Adan verbis, quam tcrponens femper, idque quum abundaret o- 

matrem adoptaverat, Sc Caria; defignaverat tio > quando a negotiis quidem non vinum il- 

reginam. Nam quum comiter illa multa quo- lum, non fomnus, nullus ludus, non nuptise, 

tidie fercula ei&bellaria mittcret, coquos de- non fpeftaculum (ficut alios duces) abduxit. 

nique & piftores, quos putabat intelligentif- Tcftatur vita, quam, etfi egit breviflimam, 

fimos, nihil ait his fibi efle opus, meliorcs plurimis maximifque rebus geftis implevit. 

/habcre fe coquos a paedagogo donatos Leoni- Qiium vacuus eflet negotiis, ubi primum fur- 

■da,-«4-prandium iter antelucanum, ad coenam rexit, & facraDiis fecit,mox prandebat fedens : 

anguftum prandium. Idem ille, inquit, ftra- indetcmpus traducebat vel vcnando, vel com- 

gulorum meorum repofitorium folitus erat a- mentando, vel aliquid inter milites difceptan- 

dire veftiariumque,atquc ea folverc, infpicicns do, vel lcgcndo. Si iter faceret minus urgcns, 

numquid mihi ad moUitiem mater vel ad difcebat fimul in progrediendo aut jaculari, 

luxum addidifl^et. aut in currum concitatum infilire & defilire 
VoL. IV. E Crebro 



34 AAESANAPOS. 

fm l(py)jiA.ie/^m. KaTci?\v(rcig o y^ reeTrofy)^^ vr^og Tkht^ov ti oLKH^iJLaL, 
TsV cBn, Tm (TiTOTTomv )^ lULctyei^OdV ctfkg/i/gt/, el roi ir^og to (^httvov iv~ 
-n^iir&g iX'^^''' ^^ S^eiTtveiv fjSp o\]/g ncu (rKOTng «<Ai KctTCLKhivofSfjog n^^sro. 
^wJiJLci<^Y\ Q huo n cBnfJLih^ci kcu c^^M-^ig zJ^ -^ r^TTi^ng^ ottm? (jLnS^v 
dvicrcdg, (jLr\^\ oTKiyd^m havifJLoiro' rov q noroVy uicmi^ et^nrcu, (jlcik^ov \W 
d.^o7\io^iag cJi,iTeiViV. kcu rd70\cL Trdvictiv n^ig-(^ ^v ^ctdiKim aruiiavcu, kou 
xdeAT(^ ^hfJLidg dfJLoi^odVy tots rcug fMiyoLXotJuxoug dnSng sylviro, Kat 
xicLV <g-^ri6dTiKog, cuJrog n n^g ro KopLT^cdhg \:m(pi^^^, k^ rolg ko- 

Aa|il/ iCWTOV dvHKOdg l7r7rd(Tl(JL0V, VCp' COV ol ^OLe/-S'g'OLTQl 'P^ 7ra^v}cdV iTTi- 

TtA^ovlo, (jLnn d(XiKhd^ rolg ko7\cl^i (jLnn Ael^n^ (^nXofj^oi rmv ouurm 
kwcdv&v. ro (jS^j y), cux^v iSoKet, ro 3, Kiv^wuov i(pi^iv. fj(^ 3 rov 7ro- 
Tov ?\ii(rdf^(^ hdS-i^t^i 7ro70\dMg (JUi.xtf' (JLi^rng n(A^g' i?-iv cf*' on yi 
S),Y)fJLi^^ir CM TzJ* KOL^SSS^eiV. ouuTog fjSp iiv K) o^odv ifK^TYjg Iw , &)Vs ii 
rd ajJOLVMTOLTOL 7ro?<xdKig r&v "Sm B-aT^drJng ouur^ KOfjLil^ofBpoDV dK^t^^voov 

Jt, l^^VCdV, iKds-Cd S^LaTrifX^TQfJOp^^ tS)V iTCU^OdV, TTOKhdKig iOUUT^ ftOVOi 

fjLYK^iV KaraT^iTTeiv. ro fMfjrot S^ei^rvov luu dei fi.iyaKo7r^i7rig, k^ rolg ^rv^n- 
fjLa(ri '^ (^a-^dvng afia duuuouu^avof^ng, TiA(^ «V fJLveiag ^'■^'^^pLdg tt^- 
YiT^^iV. cvlouj^a 'ig^n, J^ to^tQtov odti^n n7\eiv rolg \:js^hxof^Qig 'K- 
7\i^avi^^v. 

Mird 

Crebro praeterea animi caHfa vulpes venafaa- convivse obterebantiir, qui neque certare vo- 

lur & aucupabatur: quod difcas ex diario e- lebant cum adulatoribus, neque minus quam 

jus. Ubi ad divcrforium venit, &: ad bal- illi eum audebant praedicare. Hoc enim pe- 

neum ungendumque vertit fe, rogabat pani- riculum adferebat, illud ducebant turpe. A 

ficum & coquorum magiftros, ccquid coena poculis lotus conferebat fe dormitum ufque 

refte & ordine parata eflet. Ad coenam fe- in meridiem fubinde. Interdum totum dieno 

ro & fub tenebras jam accumbebat. Erat mi- cubabat. Fuit infuper obfonii temperans. 

rifica ejus fedulitas & circumfpeftio in men- Ac rariffimas fiepe, qux a mari ad ipfum af- 

fii, nequid inxqualiter aut incuria diftribue- ferebantur, delicias fruftuum arboreorum & 

retur. Conpotationem (uti diximus) in lon- pifcium cuique amicorura mittebat, adeo ut 

g-um fabulando trahebat. Et qui alioquin fibi uni admodum nibil refervaret. Coena 

omnium regum erat in confuetudine fefti- erat femper fplendida tamen, aique una cueq 

viffimos, neque ullius exfors leporis, tunc fecunda fortuna fumptus affiargebat, poflr^ 

ja<9:antia odiofus evadebat, fic plus fatis ca- mo ad decem millia drachmarum progreC- 

ftrenfis: atque cum ipfe ad arrogantiam de- fus eft. Hic fiibflitit, tantasque impenfae 

labebatur, tum mancipabat feipfum adulato- AleKandrum invitantibus fuerunt praefinit». 
ribus tanquara equitaiulum, a quibus oplimi 



AAESANAPOS. 35 

MiTdi tIw iulolx^ T)i* of 'Iar«, TrifjL-^ag «V AauoLdKoh ^iXoL^iV ta 
X^YipLaLTct Kj T(xg '^cTKSjcigy ilj Ttx. TmoL Xj TCLg ytwcuKctg toah n^^crwr 
}i) TTTKeig-ci f^ OdC^ihYiB-yiO-OLV ol rftiV QsorctKcdV iTTTreig. TaVa? ^ M^? 
dyMg haL<S^i^v\oDg Q^> rw (U*%m ^o{^^g, Imfx-^iv oJwiTYihg ot^^gAij- 
^luuojL I^^Aoy^©^- h£7^hr,<Q-n q j^ tq MiTron ^woeAag ^^T07r€^ov' )^ 
ydj(ra.\^oi TCTi TT^mov oi yicJOi^Hng x?^^^ ^ ci^yv^H ^ ywouKOdV j^ 
}iouTW (ia^0Le/mg:> aiWg? Kvng, Ioj^Sj^ov cL-^cL^m ^i^a ^i^KiW ^ 

dviX^iVeiV TOV Hs^G-^V %7\^T0V. a ftiw) CtAA' 'AKi^dv^^O^ TT^SdTOV gt^OKS 

K^TWJ^^(u m TT^g B-ahdcsTi. Kvtt^v ^ ^v iMg oi ^ct^nAa^ mav 
hfx^eAC^^vl^ ouji^i 59 ^omiKlujy 7r?div Tu^y. Tv^p q Ti^oKio^KOdv iTfl^ 
fdfjjdg x^P'^^ ^ fjLnxo^voug ytj Tetri^iTi, <^ictKO(yicug c/a ^ahd-flngi om^ 
ah TQV 'H^KKioL J^gJt»|Ui9^ov ouuTov >W T» Teix^g '9 KjLK^vla.. Tm 3 
Tvei^v TToKKolg k^ t«V vTrt/fc:? ecJ^o^sv o 'ATroAA&i/ Aiyeiv, Odg d^riKTi T^^g 
'Aht^(tv<^^v' a y) ctf scr>t«v cwtcS Td n^.oJo^ct k^ t!w ttoKiv. d7<K cuu- 
tq\ |w9/), toWs^ dvS-^od7rov cwTOfJLoK^vlct Ti^g T^g TToMfjLiag g7r' cuJTo^pod^ca 
Tov Qiov eiM(poTig3 (rei^g ts tu koKocto^ ^ztfecg^aAoi/ oujtQ, >c, x.ot3-wA»v 
TT^V tIw jSoj^cTii/, ' AM^oLyt^e/^^YJv KctAQvlig. iTipc/LV o-^/^v 'AAeJotvJ^^©^ 
«J^€i/ k3^ raV yTTfa^* adTV^^^ ctvT^ <pctveig li^oKa %^(T7teu^eiV 7ropp&)9gi/, «t«. 
{^aKof^a KoL^HV-, V7ri^i(pv^' TtK©-' q, TToKKd Ki7rct^ria-ctvl(^ k^ fafeicT^- 
fjLovl<^y YiK^iV eig x^&^''' °' f^oivl^g T^vofxcx. S^m^Hvlegy ^k dirihdmg 

i<Pct<rOLV CtVT^i <^n 'fpn^Ti.TCU Tu^^?. K; K^YiVlut) H TIVOL ihiKVViidlV, n^Jg YjV 

KOLTA 

Secundum pugnam ad Iffum, Damafcum triremibus ducentis oppugnat, per quietem 

mifit ad pecuniam , farcinas, liberofque 8c Herculem vidit ex muro fibi manus tenden- 

conjuges Perfarum accipiendas. Ingenti pras- tem invitantemque. Tyriorum multis vifus in 

da ibi Theffvili equites potiti funt. Hos enim fomniis ApoUo eft dicere ad Alexandrum fe 

rHuc, quod eorum fortiffima opera ufus in tranffre : neque enim fibi cordi effe ea quas 

prcelio fuiflet, ex compofito, quod ditefce- in urbe agerentur. Illi vero, ficut transftigx; 

rent, mifit: CEGteram reliquus quoque exer- fceleris comperti, Apollinis fimulacrum de- 

citus opukntia eft irfertus. Ibi Macedones vinxere catenis, clavifque bafi affi,Kere, A- 

pnmura guftato atiro, argento, mulieribus & lexandri fautorem appellantes. Alia fpecies 

Tita barbarica, ficut canes olfaftis veftigiis, eft noftu Alexandro obverfata. Satyrus ei 

wiaturabant infequi atque inveftigare Peria- oblatus eft : viflis eft hic procul ei alluderc. 

■nim divitias. At Alexandro primutn vifum Quem quum corripere conaretur, fubducere 

cft oram maritimam in poteftatem fuam redi- fe: tandem poft preces multas fuas 6c circum- 

gci-e. Atque illi qui in Cypro regnabant,.ve- curfitationes venire in manus fuas. Ei vates 

nerimt ad infulam ei dedendam 8c Phccniccn, diffefto nomine non abfurde refponderunt,, 

praeter Tyrum. Eam urbem dum pcr menfes Tua erit Tyrus : ita enim vox grseca biparti- 

ffeptewi a^jeribus, tnachmis atque ex -mari ta figniffcat, Gfteijdunt fontem, apud quem 

E 1 videre 



35 



AAESTANAPOS. 



KaTci T^g vTTvag IS^eiv iS^o^iv tov (tcltv^v. ^icl fjLi^ra q i? TToXto^Kictg, S^ 
TaV "A^fe raV Tr^croiKQvJag t4 'AvliAi^ctvca g-^Tiv(rctg, cAuv^vdja-ev 
ilai Tov TfcuS^oLyodyov Ava-ijLLctxov' c^nxoAa5-«(rg '^ olvt^j Kiym ra Oo/- 
wx©^ W>t ^vou x^^^^ ^^^^ 7r^i(r^VT^(^. STrei q TrXwtd^rctg Tolg o^etvoig, yi 
T«V 'iwTnig )KTD7\i7r(idv, mQg 2^ct(^i(^iv, oi jw^' ctAAoi ttoAu Tr^^riAdoi/, olv~ 
Tog To\ Ai'ori)w,<3t;^oj/, icoui^g yiS^yi KcLTctKafjL^aiv^crY^g, ;^ t&)j^ noXifjLim 
llyvg ovlmy ctTfctyo^evovJct j^ (lct^vvo[^ov ^x ^^jw^JWi/ "^T^iTrHvy ciXK' 

civctKaKiifjSfJ^ Kj (Zff^K0fjLi(^6dVy iXcL^V t5 <^^TiVfJLCtT(^ 'ihrO(mct^eig fJLiT 

ohiym, Kj (TKOT^g ctfJLct >c, '^iyng (T(po^^^ vvKJs^ivoov- cv x^^oig ^i^otAgTroi^-, 
&hv ^v Trdppoo TTv^ TTohKct Koudf^ct cmo^S^luj TOdV TToMfjLim. ^cthmv 
3 T» (TOdfJLctT^^ Tn KnCpoTYin, jl, T^ TToveiV (jLVTog ctei, as^fJLv^iifBp^^ tIuu 
dTToejictv t£v MoLKei^ovm, TT^oo-iS^^fjLs Tolg ifyt<^ct TTv^ Koundtv' ;l (t^- 
KcthfjSfJiig T« TTv^d S)jo ^ct^^ct^ag TTciTOL^ag t^ g/^«g/J^/6), k^ S^aXov d^- 
7rd(ragj msv n^g t^V kouuT^ KofJLil^m. srKav^ravJeg 'j ttv^ ttoTkv, t«V fjSifj 
iv.S-vg l(po^Y\(Tav, toVs (pvyeiv, t»V <^' cJmovlag h^i^^avlo, k^ KaTYwXi^n^rav 
aKivi^vvddg. TOVTa fjSfj aj/ Xctfn^" i^o^YiKiV. 

'H i} TTohto^Kia Tot^Tov i^i TTi^g' 'AM^dvt^^n tIw fBp ttoKTkIw -7" 
^vdfJLiCdg dvaTravovK^ ^xm TToKKm dyo^vm t&v ^fxn^^iv, oKiyag ^k 
Ttvag, ©V |W.*i ^oKd^Cotiv oi TroKifjLtot, Tolg Teix^'^^ 7r^(rdyovJ(^, 'Aeji^av- 
^^(^ fjidvltg Wcpaytd^iTO' jc, Ta (TYifjLeia KaTti^c^v, S-^(rvTi^v hddeJi- 
(TaTQ TT^g T»V 7ra^vlag, cv cMeivc^ tw fA.l(jul ^rdvJc^g ctA^wVgc^ tIvu 7ro7\iv. 

^OfjSfJH 

videre fecundum quietem vilbs efl: Satyrum. poris fui agilitate, atque in partem ipfe la- 

Dum tenet obfidio, movet in Arabas qui An- boris femper veniendo perplexitatem Mace- 

tilibanum accolunt. Ibi in periculum venit donum leniens, accurrit ad proximum ig- 

paedagogi caiifa LyCmachi, qui comitabatur nem, barbarifque duobus, qui aflidebant, gla- 

cum, jaftans fe Phoenice neque virtute infc- dio confoffis, ac correpto titione rediit ad 

riorem neque setate effe graviorem. Poft- fuos. Tura ingenti acccnfo igne alios extem- 

quam jam ad raontana pervenit, ac reliftis plo exterruerunt, ut fugam capefTerent : alios, 

cquis, iter fecit pedibus, alii longe prsecef- qui ipfos invafere, profligaverunt, ac tutam 

ferant, ipfe vero no61:e ingruente atque non noflemtranfegere.HiecfcriptareliquitChares. 
longe ab hoftibus fiuifcentem 6c defeflum Porro obfidio hunc habuit exitura. Dum 

haud fuftinens deferere Lyfimachum, dum exercitum pene totum reficit a fuperiori- 

excitat eum & promovet, ab exercitu im- bus laboribus Alexander, paucos autem, ne 

prudens cum paucis eft diftraftus, noftem- refpirarent hoftes, moenibus admovet, va^- 

que in tenebris 6c acri gelu afperis locis e- tes Ariftander viftimis caefis quum infpice- 

git. Quum autem frequentes ignes apud ret exta, confidentius afleruit apud coronam, 

hoftes fparfim lucentes videret, fretus cor- urbcm illo menfe haud dubie expugnandam. 

f Qiia 



A A E S A N A P O S. 37 

^ofj^a X^^^^l^^ i yi-hm(^ {Iw -^ vi Ti7\<<hTcua tQ fMb/Jog «>g- 
^) ,^iYim^y)!J^ov cwtov Mv 6 (ici(rih(^gy k^ (rvfx(pi7\oTi^iiy^ov clet 
Toli fJL(iv\6ofjLa(riVy c4tgA<^s /Ltn^tgri TeAOLx.di^cL Tnv y\fJ.i^v ineivlwy ctAAct 
reir/ty (p^iVov](^ ae/O/^ftW k^ tm (rdKTT^fyi (TYifMVct^, ctTriTrei^To t^^ t«- 

)i fjLYi^i -^f W $-(^T07J-S£r» aa^Ti^SvloiV, ctAAct o-to^Tf g;^o j/76)i/ )9 7r§o(rCon^ 
^iivlm, oLTreiTrov ol TveAoC v^ ty^v TToAti^ «Agi/ xotf (k«i/^ TYtv nfj^^av. (J^ 
3 Toi^Ta 7rohio^x.Qv}t Tciljiv cwt^j "^ Sweia? fjL&yi^Uv noXiv, Ifimi^ei 
jS6)A©^ «V Toi' ^fJLov, ci(ps^€ig a.vci)B-ev -usra o^viB-^B^. o j o^vig v(p' iv t^ 
luLYiXot'VYifjL(X,TCt)V m^i^Tag, 'ihakv c^^i^eig Tolg v^eivoig KiK^v(pci7K0ig , oJg 
Tipjg Toig cBi9^o(pdg ii^ ^oivm Ix^odvlo. )t, to (mfxeiov dniQYi n^ Tnv 'A^i- 
^dvS^^a 7r^'f)pY)(riv' k^cd^Yi jw%j ^ 'AXi^avS'^^^ dg tov oifioVy iXa^iv J 
Th TTohiV. >i735-gAA6)V 7to7\7\d Tm 7^a(pv^cdv ' OKv fJL^TidS^i jc, YJ\io%dTe,a 
%, Tolg (pi7K0ig, KaTi7rifjL-^i )tj AiCtivii^y) t4 TtouS^ayctiyc^ Tdhavla 7\i^avct)TH 
7Fiv]aKd(ria, k^ (TfJLv^VYig iKaTov, dvofjLVYi^eig ^rouJ^iKtig 'i7\7riS"^. 6 y^ Aiu- 
vi^Yic, cdg ioiKiv, cv B-virici 7roTi 7r^g tov ' AKi^av^^v, A<^^a^dfy)ov dfjL- 
(poTi^cug Toug XH'^'^^ ^ KaB-ayi(ravla tQ S^vfxidfJ.aT^^, "OTav, i<pYi, t' 
d^ct)ftaTo(pd^ii K^aTYi(TY\g ' A7\i^av^e,i, 7r7\ii(ricdg HTC^g c)mS-vftid(Teig' vvv ^ 
(pei^oi^odg x^^ ''^'^^ 7ra^Q(riV. tots ai/ 'AXi^avS'^^^ 'iy^a-^i Tu^g ajuTov, 
'A7ri9a7\Ka fAp (roi T^i^^avcdTov d(p^ovov >c, (TfjLv^vav, 07rci)g TTcuudYi 7r^dg t^V 
OiHg fjLiK^o7\oyiifS{j(^' 

Ki- 

Qua di£i:um ejus ludibrio & rifu excipiente, eft irretita. Hoc portentum Ariftandri pra:- 

quod dies ea noviffima eflet, cernens rex per- didioni eventum habuit refpondentem. Nara 

plexum, favenfque femper vaticiniis, vetuit accepit in humero Alexander vulnus, & ur- 

deinceps, trigefimum illum diem, fed vigefi- bem recepit. Quum Olympiadi, Cleopatrie, 

mum oftavum menfis numerari, fignoque tu- & amicis mulra de prteda raitteret, Leonidie 

ba dato, murum acrius, quam ab initio infti- quoque mifit paedagogo thuris talenta quin- 

tuerat, eft adortus. Quum urbs oppugnare- genta, 6c myrrhje centum, ubi fpei pueriiis 

tur impigre, neque illi qui in caftris erant, fubiit eum recordatio. Quippe Leonidas in- 

quiefccrent, fed concurrerent ad opem feren- gerenti in facrificio ambabus manibus & li- 

dam, frafti Tyrii funt, urbemque Alexander banti fuffitum Alexandro, Ubi potitus eris^ 

illo cepit die. Poftea circumfidenti Gazam inquit, regione odorifera, tura munifice ado- 

urbem Syrix maximam, gleba a fupervolan- lebis, nunc modice utere pr^fentibus. Hic 

te emiffa alitc in humerum del-apfa eft. Avis ergo fcripfit ei Alexander, Thus tibi Sc myr- 

in una machina confidens, fubito nervorum rham aftatim mifimus,quo tandem definas ef- 

nexibus, quibus ad verfandos utebantur funes, fe in Deos adftriftus. 

Qiiutn 



38 



AAESANAPOS. 



TtoKKm Myovjmy ctvro? t<pn rhutj 'iKidJ'^ (p^ii^\]<rm o^av^ci K&LTa^if^(^. 
y^ TOLvrcL f^ iljL oXtyoi fm OL^io7ri<^6dv pLifJicL^TV^mcL<TW. ei <^' otts^ 'Aa-s^- 
aV(S^^ei<; hsyncnv, 'H^;tA«(^M m<F^ov}e<;y cLhYi^g Wiv, ilz-iiv iix. cL^y^^ «J| 
dcrvu&^X^ avr4 (Tv^^rdjeiv 'ioiKiv "Ojulyi^^. Kiyaui, -jS cri '^ AiyvrrJH 
K^rmag-, l^gAgro TTdAiv fJLiyahlw v^ iroKvcLvt^-Gbmv 'EKhlwiSa ^tw&m^ 
crag, iTrmvjULov icuirQ KaraKiTrm' kou rnva ro7r6v yvdfm rm ci^*)(^iTi7imm 
oVoi/ ^Hntd (^iifjL^T^eiTo i^ (^i^aMv. mct vvKiod^ KOifmf£^(^, o-vj/W ^^&v 
B-cwf^La^lw' dvYi^ 7fQ7\tog Sj fLcb\a rlw mfniw, iij ye^apjg rs «J^^, g<^- 
^iv avr4 (^^'^dg KeyeiV rd. 27r« rotJV, 

N«(r(^ iTreiroL rig W\ itoXvKKvTdd cm>» ^o^7<y, 

AlyvvfJa Tr^TTOL^iBs' <PoL^y ^ g mAjfjTt^criy. 
dj^vg ^v cJE,avoL<^ctg 's^ol<^i(jv zfM rhuD ^d^ov, « ron f^ 'irt vnd©^ h-> rS 
Kavoi^^iKQ fJLXK^v oLvodTi^b) ^ofJLar©^, vtw Q (^ici x^^f^^T^ dveiAm^ Tr^g 
rlw iimt^ov- m ^v ei^s roTTov dj(pvict iia(p%§ov]a {rouvia ydq 'e<ptv t(9"^&) 
TTKdrQ^ iXovli (PVfjLfjLiT^ov cJ^eiKOdg <^iei^y^(ra KtfJLvlw re 7ro?\7\Iw itj S-d- 
Aawctf CM AijuS^oi ftiydKu) reKi^roo^Tav ) ei^rodv^ &)V '^Ofin^^ Iw d^a rd 
Ts aAAot ^ouufjLa<^og, -^ <ro(p(idrar(^ d^x^riKlBv, miKdjcn S^iay^-^cu ro 
^fJia 1' TtoKiOdg r4 roTTCti (nwae,fJLor\ov\a. yi^ yri [^ « Tra^h 7\^Kn' r&v 3 

ctA- 

QKiim oblatum ei fcrinrum, quo nihil vi- Vir veneranda canicie atque facie vifus eft ei 

Ibtn pretiofius eft iis qui Darii opes 6c farci- affiftens haec carmina promere, 

rt"ats in cuftodiam acicipiebant, rogavit amicos, Exinde undofo quadam jucet infula ponto 

quid potiftimum ex rebus charis in co repo- j^gypto frxt^nta, Pharum quam nomim di- 

nfeHet: aliis alia propoiretttibus, ipfe Iliadem cunt. 

illitrs rtpofitorio aiffirmat fe fervaturum. A-c Confeftim flirgens peiTexit ad Pharum, 

H*;c teftes magnte fidei non pauci confirnia- quae id temporis iiifula adhuc erat paulo fu- 

vei^e.Si vero, quod Alexandrini <:ommemo- pra Canobicum oftium, nunc cum continen- 

fant Heraclidis fidb, verum eft, haud otio- te commifla eft aggere. Ut loci pr«ecellens 

fum vel inutilem apparet Homerum eum co- vifa eft commoditas (eft eriirn longa cervicc 

mitatum efTe commilitonem. Ferunt enim fatis patenti laxam ditterminans paludem ter- 

eum yEgypto recepta amplam voluiffe -& po- thinarifque in fpatiofum portum mare) Ho- 

pulofam Grxcarn urbem conderc, eique in- merum dixit cum castera eximium, tum pru- 

dere nomen fuum. Mbx de architeftoi-um dentiftimum efle arcbiteftum, juflitque for- 

confilio locum metato 6c complexo mirafpe- mam urbis delineari loco congruentem. Quia 

cies nofte infequenti eft per quietem oblata. vero ad manum non erat creta, polenta in 

cam- 



AAESANAPOS. 99 

^Q^ vmT^dfji^avQV, oJ^ ha (rmd.yd^rcu to p.iyi^^, v^^ivl^^ q th cTtot^^- 
<r« Ta ^a(ri.7s.mgy $d(pvi^iov o^u^is )bd t^ TtoTafjLQ i^ -^ hifJLvnsy >tA«3-« ts 
dwei^h >9 »(? «2Si"'(^ TravlQi^awo) jc, fjnydMh cBi tqv TQi^otii mTod^^n;^ 
n<pi,(nv hmTig, aJ^g f^iK^v vTrehlTrovJo i^ dA<piTCt>v' (wVs >^ toj/ 'AAi|flU/- 
cf'^j' haTa^x^^^ '^S'^ "^^^ omov. «' |tt^' dXKa -^ 't^ fidvlicidv B-ajfeiv 
(Z^iviivloiv ( %o7\va^u<7dTlw y^ ohi[^i^ mXtv yV ajuTSt k^ itoivlQi^a-^^f 
dv^^odTrm l(rQfj8plw T^(pov) i^ya u7\.<^(rag tx^^ "^^'^ cRifii7\nTds.i o^i- 
To? cd^fin(riV dg "AfMfJLm(^ oSov fjLaa^v, h^ 7roX7\d (u9/j g;^a;G-ctv i^ydii^ t^ 
TaXcuTTCjd^, Kivivvag o ivo, t^v (u^\ dvvi^eJLag-, i\ h i^yifiog h<^v/ »V oA/- 

76M' Y\fJLi^'2v' TQV Q, f( 7\d^ef^ CM dfJLfJLCd (^a^doL K^ dxc/LvH 7fO§djO[^Q(,g 

ofhTfi^Toi vqt(^' ^g Trn Kj iid7\m Asyg^ f^fei tov Ka^^fVy $"^toV? (jE^i^afc- 

^■«Vot^ 3-ii/ct fjLiyd7\ljuuy Y^ VAjfiaTC^trag to TniioVy fjuueidiag dy^^dmm TrejIJs 

KaTax(^(raA -ii^ iia^p^ei^cu. TCWTa TrdHla %iiQV TrdJilig i7\oyil^o]jJoy "xaT^iTrov 

3 luu ' AXi^avi^v "^ffg-J/cw ir^g otiQv (^§fj,y]iJ^QV. nTi y) tv^^ Tcug 

o^^oAomV V7rdiiii(ra tIu) yvc^fjLlw l^v^v iTfoieh yy tq B-vfJLoa^ig dx^ 

'p^ TT^affUrdTm i7ri^i(pi^i tIjuu (pMeiKiav d^TiviToVi s fjLovov TfoAg/^ta?, otA- 

7\a, J^ TQTtag ^ KQu^Qg KaTa'<,ia^Q[B^lw. 

y.v yQv Tw TOTi Tro^dci, Td (TtwJvx^i^ci Tcug %7n>eicug wa^d tQ ©<« 

^onUjJLaTaf Tciv vvi§m X^^^^iW cBif^^n fj^XAov' t^qttov H nva y^ Toig 

X§yi(r- 

campo nigro ufi ad effigiem metari funt chla- procellofus in alto & vafto fabulo progi-edi- 

Boydis orbe gyrato laciniofie finum, cujus ef- entes Aufter occupaverit, ut quondam dici- 

fct ab diredis ba.fibus pequalis procurfqs.Haec tur Cambyfis exercitui accidifte, quum arenas 

/defcriptio quum re.gi placeret, ave? repente a ingentem cumulum excitavit, volvitque per 

J&umine & lacu innumero grege omnifque campum fluflrus, ut quinquaginta niillia capi- 

generis & grandes inftar nubiuan eum in lo- tum obruerit opprefieritquc. Cunfta h:ec 

cum delata; polentam funt omnem dcpaftae. reputabant fere omnes : cEcterum arduum 

Quo augurio obtorpefcenti Alexandrp augu- erat, Alexandrum, quodcunque intendiffet, 

les animum dedere : quippe copiofam urbem ab eo defleftere. Siquidem & fortuna coe- 

.oftenderunt ab eo condi, multarumqqe natio- ptis afpirans animum ejus firmabat, animi- 

num futuram alumnam. Tunc inftare pperi, que magnitudo ufque ad fafta progredieba- 

^uibus id deraj^ndaverat, juftis, ad Ammonis tur pervicada invifta, qu^ non hoftibus 

oraculum profe£tus eft. Iter prplixum erat, ^nodo, fed locis etiarn 6c temporibus afferret 

AC cqm iTfiultorum laborum jerumnarumque vim. 

plenum, tum cum duobus conjunftum peri- Quas illo in itinere difticultatibus ejus Dii 

culis, uno ob aquse penuriam, cx qua defolata opes attulerunt, hx quam infequuta oracula 

Jregio non paycorum dioruai vwdl : alt^ro, fi ^idera meruere maiorem : immo oraculis hs; 

quo- 



40 A A E S A N A P O S. 

X^^^s^f^oig n Trhg m rHrm vTrti^^iV. Tr^odTov fj^ ^ c^jt Aiog v^od^ itoXv Kj 
^icL^mg viTo\ 'j^ofj^oi rov ts t^ (^i-^y^g (poLv tXvoroLVy k^ tIw ^y)^Ti)Tct 
mTci(T^i(rctvleg t? ^a^^a voTi^g -^o/^uwfr >^ tt^? olutLuu Jy,i/7r£cr»Vw^, 
^TTViiv Tov ctip^ Kj KcLB-ct^mi^v TTa^i^ov. iTTeiTGL T^i" o^m oiTTe^ ri(rciv ToHg 
o<hyo7g (rvP)(vB-iv\my k^ Trxdvyig acr»? Kj S^^dcmcL^rfjL^ t^ (^oiJ^i^ovlm S^ioi Tnv 
ctyvoiavy zo^ug cAtcpdVivJsg vTreKctjUL^^oLVov tIw ^yifjLovioLV -^ Tro^etoLgy i7ro~ 
fx^m fMp, 'iuTT^^iv TTiTOf^oi Kj azrdj<^ovJeg, vVg^aj/?ct? q y^ (^^.J^iwov^ 
Tcig cLVOLf^ovlig. o ^ luu B-ouujULoL(ri(^TOLT0V, 6)V KoLKAi&mg <py)(riy, Toug 
(pmcug dvcLKcthiiiAiJoi r^g TfXoLvcdfj^ag vvKJCi)^, k^ Khoi^pvleg, «V i^v^ ^a^- 
i?-cL(Ta.v 1? TTo^doLg. iTTei 3 ^is^ihS-OdV tIw i§y)/ULov wiV ug tIuj ttoAh/, 6 

[^ 7r^(pYiTYig CUJTOV "AjULlULm^, W tS 02« X^^^^^ ^^ ^' TFOLT^g, 

■7tp^(rii7riv' q In^iTo fjjnug ouutov m S^iOLinCp^yddg t^ r» iroLT^g (po^ 

vim. <^(pi)fj,eiv ra Trp^CpYiTii Ki7\^(TcLv\(^, ii ^ ^vcu ifoLTi^oL ^vnTov auu- 

Vj iXiTd^cLhOdV iTTUJu^cLViTO T^g <i>i7\i7r7r'd (poveig ei TTOLvJoLg etn TiTifJLOdpyt- 

lB{j<^' HTCL c^ T' oL^x^g, « TToLiHm ojui^ ^i^6d(nv oLv&^coTrm KveJi(^ «^g, 

^cu. ;^§wVav](^ o t» SiQ k^ tSto Movcu, Kj O/AtTTTrov" oL7rix»v 'kvrMcd 

tIw (^ikIw, IS^od^eiTo Tov 0goi/ oivct^iifj,oL(ri hoLfj.vr^ig, k^ ;^f«^ao-; raV olv- 

3-^6) TT»?. TCUJTOL <z^ T^^ X^^^f^ <'* TThei^oi y^ipwiV OUUTOg 3 'AAg|ai/_ 

cT^©^ c^; q)^<to7\^ 7r§og tLuu jULy)Ti§0L <pn<T]v ysyovivou nvoig ouut^ fJLOLvleioLg 

"^pjiyiTiig, dg ouuTog k7roLVi7\^(^v (p^^ret 7r§og fJLovhju i/Keivhju. hioi <Ss (poL- 

(TiV, Tov f^ 7i^<priTlw, 'Eh7\hjui9i /3aAo|i/^oi/ 7r§o(Tei7reiv fjLiToi tiv(^ (pt- 

Ao- 

quodammodo fidem aftruxere. Primum enim monis eum Dei nomine ut parentis falutavit. 

coeleftes aquse 6c largi excufti imbres, fitis Ille quasfivit an interfeftores parentis fiii 

timorem difcufterunt, ariditateque extinfta omnes poenas dediflent. Cui vates, Dii me- 

fabuli irrigati 6c jam compaftioris liquidum liora, inquit: neque enim tuus mortalis pa- 

aera reddiderunt 6c puriorem. Deinde confu- rens eft. Ita varians rdgavit, omnefne Phi- 

fis, quibus duces itineris utebantur, notis, lippi puniviftet percuflores. Hinc de impes 

quum erraret agmen per ignorantiam atque rio, an dominacum fibi omnium gentium 

ab itinere defle6teret, corvi oblati duces prte- concederet. Quum Deus oftendiflet Sc hoc 

buerunt fe profeftionis. Si agmen fequeba- annuere fe, 6c Philippi peraftam plene ul- 

tur, incitatis antecedebant pennis : fin ince- tionera : Deum magnificis donis 8c facei^ 

deret lentius 8c tardius, operiebantur. Quod dotes honoravit pecimia. Hasc de oraculis 

veromiraculum fuperabat omne (ut autor eft tradunt plerique. Ipfe in epiftola ad ma- 

Callifthenes) vocibus & crocitatione, fiqui trem Alexander fortes quafdam fibi ait ar- 

no£te aberrarent, hos revocabant, atque ad canas redditas , quas reverfus foli ei relatu- 

veftigium vise reducebant. Ut emenfus folitu- rus eflet. Sunt qui diftitant, vatem, quum 

'^inem^quotendebatvenitadurbemjVatesAm- appellare comiter Alexandrum Grxce vel- 

let 



AAESANAPOS. ^i 

7i^o<; To (TiyfJLO. cJ^mx^^vcUy Kj «Veti/, oo 7rcu<^ioi;, civTi tQ v, izS (t p^^n- 

(rdSp^V- ci<Tl^(id T^ ' khi^CJLvi^^C^ TO (TCpdTKfJLCL T' CpWVJI? '^Sc^j )C, (^taJ^O- 

^YiVcu hoyov, 6)V TTcMcJ^a AioV oLVTov tS 02» 7r^o(rei7rQv](^. hiyi) o Jto" 
'^(ifjL(jL(^v(^ hv AlyvTfJco r» (ptAoo-oCf)» <^ia>tii(roLg, ^^S^i^uL^ fjLcLKi^ci t^v 
Ag%0sir/&)>', oVi TTot^g?' cti/0f&)7roi (icLtnhdjov^ -C^m QsQ' to -jB d^x^^ ^ ^^^" 

$-ft) )^ K^T^V, B-eioV gfii/. gVi fJLOLhhOV CWTOg (S^ T>iTOdV (pi7\0(rO(pOdT€^OV 

(^o^oil^iv, ^ hiyetv, «V ^roivlcdv f^ ovtol xoii/o v cti/Q^ &)7r&)i/ tuolti^, tov 0goV, 
{J^j»? 7roiii[j^ov iouuTQ, T»V cteifa^. 

KaOo'Aa TTpoV ^' T»? (^oL^^d^ng (ro^OL^og riv, Kj (r^poS^^oL 7ri7r€i(Tf^(d 
(S^ -? c/K 0s» %)i(Ti(tig >t, Tg;t:/ft)Vg&)? ofJLoi(^, Toig Q "EAA«(ri fJLeTeiong ^ 
TjsraCpftJ^ojutSiu©^ ga^Toi/ S^i^eioL^iv' ttAhV, ^Zefe^^ 2a|Cta y^oicpodv ' A^huudioigy 

'EyOi fJ^ >i>L OLVy (pY)(T)v, VfJLlv khSj^i^OLV TTOhlV iSod>LOL Kj ivS^Q^oV IX^'^'^ 

OiVTh hOL^oovlig a^^ tQ tots ^cygi» k^ 7roLT^og ifiQ 7r^o(TOLyo^t^o(£iJii, Ag- 
yodv Tov <t>ihi7r7rov. vfi^ov q TrAnyM rztfe^Trscrwv \:m To^SSfjLOLT^^, >^ fz^oLh' 
yrtg '^otJ^^^, TSto (J^, (iTriV, w pihoi to jiiov, cufioL K^ W;c Ix^^t 

hog TTg^ Ti pS« fJLODLcL^iOTi Qioi^TiV. 

STrei fJLiycLMg "^(JTi (i§ovlrig ^ofAfJng, k^ 7roLij]odV qjhtuTkol^^tohv, 'Avol^ol^- 
X(^ (ro(|)if«V 7roL^0i)v i(pY\ 7t^Qg ouuTov, fjLYiTi (Tv toiStov tQ AtoVj yi" 
hcL(TOLg cMilv(^, Ov (iiihofLcu yj, eiTTiV, (po^i^og (ivou ToHg (pihoig, aazn^ 
(Tv fjLi iLiXSjeig, mToL(pouuhil^odv f/.ii to hiTtvov, oti TcHg T^oLTriljMg Ix^voLg 

let"u TTouc/^iDv, id efl filiolc, poftremam fylk- ortum 8c ftirpem fuam divinam. Ad Grtecos 

bam ut barbarum, per f pronuntiafle, ac di- vero divinitatem ufurpabat modice Sc parci- 

xiffe^O irou d^io^, loco v ufurpantem c: nequc us, extra quam fcribens de Samo Athenienfi- 

invito claudicafTe in voce Alexandro, incre- bus, Equidem liberam vobis, infit, urberai 

buifleque fermonem, Jovis eum a Deo appel- tam claram non donaverim : verum eam be- 

latum filium. Perhibetur etiam, quumPfam- neficio tenetis illius qui tunc dominus & pa- 

monem philofophum audiviflct in .^gypto, rens meus appellabatur : PhiUppum fignifi- 

ex diftis ejus prascipue probafle, omnes mor- cans. Poftea fagitta i£tus atquc ingenti pref- 

tales a Deo regi : quippe quod in quaque re fus dolore, Hic, amici, inquit, qui fluit, fan- 

imperat & dominatur, efle divinum. Et ve- guis eft humanus, non tahs, 

ro opinionem habuifl*e eum de his multo fa- Diis iit foUtus manare beatis. 

pientiorem, ac pronuntiafle, cunftorum qui- Quum aliquando per magna tonicrua omni- 

dem efl^e mortahum Deum communem pa- busconfternatis,fophifta Anaxarchus, quiapud 

rentem, fed peculiariter fibi adoptare opti- eum erat, diceret ei, Num quid tu tale Jo- 

mum quemquc. vis filius? Ridens ille, Nolo vero, inquit, 

Omnino autem adverfus barbaros inflatus formidolofus efle, ficut tu me vis, amicis j qui 

mt, 8c mire pr« fe ferebat probatum fibi ccenara faftidis meam, quod pifces videas in 

VoL. IV. F men- 



42 AAESANAPOS. 

;^ot/, t;:^;^^!;^^*'^)^ 'H(pcug-icdn TTifjiCpUvJm \Isra t« fBao-iA2&)^, tov tt^^^jiiuS^^oi* 
<&(^dgy|ctc^ Aoyoi'? orop cJ^6bTi7\irov}ci li^ mTei^mdjof^ov raV ra ^'- 
^AgTT/flt fjL^eyciMig %ovoig v^ m^twoig J*i6)xofe, 6i? «ij^sj/ « jaijt^V' cv «(^oi^om? 
j^ >^Aa(;Vgo-i nhiov ix^vJag 'P^ aAA&)V. o y »p 'AAglai/cT^©^ )^ ^;?^ 'P^ 
^^i]fjSilJCt)V ^hog hiv oLUTog iiAv TfiTrov^odg, aJ^g TSTv<pody^(^, aAAot t«V 
oI'aa«? KctToLi^aT^iifJ^^^ TW J^ojw T^ 3-«otwt(^. 

Ei? Ootvw/ty sTrciviA^c^v S^ KiyvTrlny Bv^ricig Tolg &€olig k^ T^ofJLnd^ 
IniTiheu J^ X'^^^^ hf}iv}i7\ice)v Kj T^yimv clyoi>vcL<;-> « fJLovov tou^ o^^dY.^- 
Oiigy dhhGL y^ TCJLig d^iKhoug hctfJLTr^^g -^fo^ag. Ix^^^y^^ y^ °'^ (^dcriheig 
T^^ Ky7rei&)f, &)Wsf 'AOit/jWty oi kK^^^oi Tctg cpvXcLg' )^ i^yct>vi^oi^o 
S-cwfJLciffj (piKoTifJLicL Tf^g otAAfiAa?. fxcLKi^ciL Q Nf;to;t^g&)!/ o XcO\ciLfJLivi(^ 
vi TloL^nK^Tt^g o 'Eohi^ S^a^piKoVHmcrciv. «toi y) gAot;:^^^ TOi^- oj/J^oloTot- 
To;? \::m>te^TDug ;!^;o^ny«i/, TloL(TiK^Tng f^, 'A^bjuoJ^o^c^, NiKOK^iCiov /g, 
^iOTcO\w, ns^ ov sazrnJ^oLKei K^ ouuTog 'AAg^ctt/c^i'©^. y fihjt) M(pm tUv 

CmiiS^lw TT^V?^©-' « TOK? •^/«(pOi^ dvctyo^Sj^lwcU VlKlSvJct TOV 'A^lwO(^Ct)^V. 
TOTi Q, &)V iOlKiV, OLTTIC^V, l(pn T«V jU^' KfiJtTOLg STtCUVeiV, OUJTOg fjSpTOl fJLi- 
^(^ OLV YiHodg TT^t^ T' I^OL(ri?\eiOLg (iJ^ Tffl fLYi QiOTOLAOV tMv ViVlKYjfjSfJOV. 

iTfet ' A^lwoS^od^^^ \W T^ ' A^lwcucinv ^nfxicd^eig oti Tr^g tov dyodvoL t^' 
^iovv(ribiV iiK dTrluuTWsv, Yi^ia y^-^cu fZefef ouut^ tov (ioLcriXiDLy t^to 
l^ bjc knoimiv, tIw q IjiftioLV dTrss-eiX^v ttol^' %ouut^. AvKa)v(^ q th 

J^KCt^- 

jnenfis, non fatraparum capita appofita. Si- tribubus ad id funt elefti. Certaverunt mira 

quidem vera fama eft Anaxarchum miflis a inter fe contentione. Nicocreon prjefertim 

rege Hephazftioni pifciculis diftum illud jac- Salaminius & Solius Paficrates ftudio decer- 

tafle, quafi contemnentem deridentemque eos tavereacri: quando his forte evenerat ut hi- 

iqui magnis laboribus 6c periculis venantur ftriones maxime confpicuos exhiberent, Pa- 

fpeciofa, quum nihil aut parum in deliciis 6c ficrates Athenodorum : Thefialum, cui ipfe 

voluptatibus habeant prae ahis prascipui. Ex favebat Alexander, Nicocreon. Non ante 

iis ergo quae commemoravimus, liquet nihil detexit tamen ftudium fuum quam fufFragiis 

fi.bi Alexandrum perfuafifie, vani aut inflatum vidtor eflet renuntiatus Athenodonis. Tunc 

fuifle, verum intendilTe divinitatis opinione vero (uti fertur) in digreflu laudare ait judi- 

reddere fibi obnoxios ahos. ces fe; fed maluifle portionis regni facere 

In Phceniciam ex -^gypto regrcflus, Diis jafturam, quam vidifle Thefl*alum viftum. 

l^onorem habuit, pompafque egit, chorum Quum autem eflet Athenodoro ab Athenien- 

etiam encyclium 6c tragicorum ludos, con- fibus mulfta difta, quod adBacchanalium lu- 

tertationibus etiam, nedum apparatu ccle- dos non occurriflet, atque a rcge ille, ut pro 

bres. Qiiippefuerunt Cypriorum reges cho- fe deprccaretur literis, poftulafl^et, id ei dene- 

ragi, ficut ii qui apud Athenienfes forte ex gaYit,fedmul£tam mifit de fuo.QuumLycon 

Scar- 



^ A A E S A N A P O S. 43 

?,ov}(^ cuTmv (^vxp\cL (^im TdKoivldiv, ysAoLG-ctg 'ii^miv. Aa^«« 3 
TrijbL-^oLvi^^ Qjh<^o7\lw vr^og olvtov, j^ (piAag hoiJ^ag fjLveAci {J^ vtt^ t^" 

iOLXOdKOTm 7\Ci^m TCiKOLvlcL, TY\V Q b^Og EvCp^TH TTOLCrOLV iX^^vloL, K^ yYl~ 

fjLavJoL fJLioLV T^ B-vyaTi^c^Vy (pihov eivou Kj (rvfjLfjLcLX^Vy oMomTo Tolg iTcu- 
^ig' Kj Ua^fjSijimf^ «Vovl©^, ly(a f^, el 'AAg|oti^^^(^ «itt^, ihoL^^ov 
OLV roLVTci, Kctyco vy) AicL, eimv ' Ax^^olv^^^^, « UoL^ij^iaiv. Tf^og 3 
rov AcL^eiov iy^-^iV, dg \ihvog oLTvxnTei '^ (piXoLv^^odTrm hh^cov Tr^og 
cLvrov, ei 3 firi, avrog \iv c/Kiivov h(h TTo^djsi^. 

Tax^ fJ^roi fjLiT€fJL&hYiB-y], -^ rQ AoL^ein yuiiouKog }^B-oLVii(rY]g hji cdiS^i- 
(Tiv' K^ (poLVi^og Y)V oivKafjSp'^, ■ (i>g X^a^iv « fjLiK^v d(pY)^Y)ijSp(^ X^'^'^^- 

TY]T@^. i^OL^^JiV ai/ rluJ (JLV^e,0d7l0V, ^hfJLiag TTOTWTiAHOLg (p)Ml^<^. ^^ Q 

B-ci7\OLfJLYi%o7\odV r\g Sjvhxohv, o\ crujuiOL^KOoma-oLV rcug yujucu'^\v, "^TioS^^g qm, 
t5 f^TOTri^, Kj TT^og AoL^eiov oL(pi7r7roL(rcify)(^, Ti^iodg ovofjLOL, (p^^ei 
rov B-oLvoiTov OLvit^ -^ ywuau)iog. &>V o iT7\Y)^ctfMp(^ TYiV u(pa7\YiV k^ olvol- 
x7\av(rag, Ogy ra U^(T^v, i(pY), ^cuf>Lov(B^, ei rnv (iaG-i7\wg yuiicuKa )ij 
dh7K(pY)V, a fJLovov cuxfJLoi^^corov ^i^ ^mav, aKhd v^ nKSjTYida^rav, 
cLfjLOi^v Kei^ Ta(pY\g ^a(Ti7\iy.Y\g' \:m7\a^(^v B-a7\afJLY)7to7\(^, 'Aa7\ol ra- 
(pyjg ys X'^^'^-> ^'^^"^ ^ (2>a(ri7\iv , »9 rifing oL7roL(ry)g Kj t» 7r^S7rovJ(^, 
iii^h iX^^ cunoLa-a^ rov 7ioVY)e,ov S^cufjLova Ui^^rodv. «Vs y) (^(wVm tw S^i^r- 
vroim 'Erarei^ci, j^ fj.YireJ' crwj ^ rUvoig, sv IS^et 'P^S 7r^o^ev cLyaS-av y^ 

)tct- 

Scarphenfis in theatro placeret, intexuiflet- tu Darii uxore, nec diffimulavit dolorem,. 
que in comoedia verfum, qui petitionem con- quOd magna demonftranda; clementire eflet 
tinebatdecemtalentorum, arridens, largitus eft occafione fraudatus. Extulit autem eam im- 
ea. Miftii a Dario ad Alexandrum epiftola Sc menfo fumptu. At e fp.adonibus cubiculariis, 
amicis, qui orarent ut pretio decem millium qui circa reginam erant cum foeminis capti, 
talentorum redderet fibi captivos, ofFerretque elapfus ex caftris unus eft, Tireus nomine, 
ad amicitiam ejus & focietatem impetrandam Hic, equum naftus & ad Darium profeftus, 
quicquid terrarum citra Euphratem efiet, at- mortem nuntiat ei conjugis fu;E : qui quum 
que unius filiarum fuarum nuptias, retulit id caput ofFenfans ejulanfque diceret, Hem Per- 
ad confilium amicorum. Quum Parmenio di- farum fortunam ! regifne conjugem & foro- 
ceret, Equidem, fi Alexander eflrem,has con- rem non tantum vivam captam, fed Sc de- 
ditiones acciperem : Et ego quoque hercule, funftam regiarum exequiarum jacere exper- 
inquit Alcxander, fi Parmenio eflem. Dario tem ? Excipiens cubicularius, Atqui exequi- 
vero refcripfit, fi ad fe vcnifl^et, omni genere arum nomine, inquit, rex,omnifque honorisSc 
humajiitatis fe eum profequuturum : fin mi- ornamenti, nihil eft quod fortunam Perfarum 
nus, fe jam moturum in illum. malignam incufes. Nihil enim vivas domin^ 

Brevi tamen pcenituit eum,mortua expar- Statir^, vel matri tus liberifque ex priftina 

F z fortuna 



44 AAESANAPOS. 

mXoiV « To (Tov o§^v Cf)&)?, TTcihiv clvcLT^cifJLr^ei KdfjLTr^ov KueA^ 'Cl^fJL&,(r- 
^<;' iiTi )hTo3-avS(rcL KOdfjLH Tmg a.fJLoie,^ yiyoviv, d?<hct yi TroMfjim TiTifjLYTj 

S^OLK^V^nV. iiTOti y) gVi ;^f«^<5^ H^TYIG-ag 'AAgJctVcTf©-', &)'? S^eiVOg fJLt^XOfJLi- 

v(^. TCUJTCL ct}iii(7av}oL Act^iiov Y) TCL^x^ *9 '^^ ncL^(^ c^gcDe^i^ TT^cg 
•ism-^icig OLTOTriig' j^ tov djvQx'^^ c^^oTi^od t" (mLuurig ctTfciyoLyodVi El firi 
Ti^ (Tv (A^ r' Ili^(roiV, i<pY\i Tvx^? fJLOL-iiii^ovi^agy oi?<X Iti (ro) h(moTYig gyw 
AoL^fi(^, dm fJLOiy (re^OjuS^©^ M/S-^a re (pSdg fJLiyct v^ h^^dv (^oLcrih.eiov, 
d^ fjLY) m fHK^oTOLTct T^ 'ETOLTet^g KXaioo mmVy oIxJ^ots^ q 5^V«? 
hTrd^oy^, >^ fjLaKKov dv mT d^iav i<^v<^vxSyuf, (£>fJLCd j^ o-;tii6^&)7r^ ^zefe^- 
7ri(rov\ig ixh^ '■> '^'^ y^ djw^iTiig ctvcTe/ j/so) tt^oV iX^^^ ywuoum fJ,iX6JL ti- 
fjL^g TOdOJjTng crvfJL^o7\cuov •-, iTi ?\iyovl(^ ojutS, mTaCaXodv cPn T^g ttq- 
^ag Tet^iOdg duutov, mTSjiv sv^pnfjLilvj jc, fjLYiTi ' KKi^av^^ov d^i,Kuv, fjjiiTi 
tIw Ti^ViU(rav dh?^(pluu k, yujucum KaTcu^ujuou' fj,riTe avTQ tIw ftiyl- 
<^lw &v iTricUKiV d^pcu^fi^x^ ce^fJLv^iaVy to (^oKav vtt' dvS^^og Y\T\n^ K^etT- 
Tov(^ Y\ K^ tIw alv^^odmvlw (pvdiV d?\?\d j^ S-cuufjLa^eiv ' KT^i^avS^v^ odg 
7r?\eiova Tcug Tli^d&v yujuou^i (rct)(p^o(ruj(jlwj « Tli^(roug dvi^^eiav (Mih- 
^ayi^ov^ dfJLa q o^K>ig ts (pe^>LOdSeig tQ ^a?\afJLY\7vo?\ii Kmv](^ vtts^ Tii- 
TOdV, K, fsfei T' d?\?\Y)g ifK^Teiag k^ fjLsyaXo-^vxiag T' 'A?\i^dvJ'^^ ?\iyov- 
T©-', cJi,i?\^odV TT^g T«V iToujikig Act^s?©^, jc, x^^^'' dvaTeivag ir^g tov 

^^MV) iTTt^^aTOj Sio\ "^i^KlOi K^ /^Ctc/AftOi , fJ.d?\l^a f£fJ ifXoi (^tiSoiYjTe 

tIu) 

fortuna ubfuit, nifi tuum videre lumen, quod que ad tantos honores commercium hone- 

iterum illullrabit fummus Oromafdes: nec Itum? Nondum finierat ille fcrmonem,quum 

ornatus moriucE defuit ullus. Inuno hofti- ad pedes cjus Tireus abjecit fe, ac fupplex 

um quoque decorata eft lacrymis: quippe ita petiit, abftineret iis verbis, neque Alexan- 

eft indulgens viftor Alexander, ut bellator drum afficeret injuria, nevc defunftam foro- 

acris. Hsec audientem Darium confternatio rem & conjugem confpurcaret, neque maxi- 

£c dolor animi ad fufpiciones detorferunt ab- mam fibi omnis adverfitatis prscideret con- 

fonas : qui abdufto in tabernaculum interius folationem, quod a viro efiet humana forte 

Tireo, Nifi tu quoque cum Perfirum, in- majore fuperatus : verum fufpiceret etiam 

quit, fortuna pro Macedonibus facis : fed fi Alexandrum, qui Perfarum uxoribus conti- 

uUa tibi fupereft regis reverentia Darii, noli nentiam quam virtutem oftendifTet Perfis ma- 

me celare per Mithra: ingens jubar 6c regi- jorem. Simul horrenda facramenta Tireus 

am dextram, num minimam partem deploro hifce de rebus concepit, moderationemque 

Statirx calamitatum, qua viva magis noftra & animi celfitudinem rehquam Alexandri 

miferanda fortuna erat, minufque dolenda pro commemoravit. Tum progreflus ad amicos 

noftra majeftate afperitas ejus elTet, fi in ho- Darius, atque ad coelum manus tendens, 

ftem incidiflemus f^eviorem 6c triftiorem ? hafce fudit preces, Dii patrii 6c regnorum 

Quodnam enim juveni cum hoftis uxore uf- prxfides, primum mihi concedite ut fortu- 

f nara 



AAESANAPOS. 45 

rhxj Hi^rrSv rvx^ "'^ o^B-ov cwS-ig Ta^iio-aVj s(p' olg Ih^afjdw dya.- 
^oi^i '^hiTtiiVi 'ivcL }i^.Tyi(roLg diJiii-^bifJLou rdg ^ kXi^d.v^e,'^ ;:^a£ira?, m 
«V ra (pihTciTCL -TplouG-ctg iTVX^v. « <J^' ct^ Tig »t(^ ^fJLct^Tog met x^- 
v<^ o(pet?,ofjLiv(^ Viibti(rei, j^ fJLiTOL^oKn TTouudOL^ou TOL Ui^a-cSvj fJLYii^eig 
ai7\K(^ dv^i^u>7j;odv KoL^ia-eiiV eig tov Kv^a B-^ovov 7rh.lu) 'AAgJavc^fy. touj- 
ra fj^ ^TOi) 'j^i^cu rg )^ 7\ix^hcu (Pcl(t\v qI TrT^ii^oi •ffo' (rvfy^- 

(Pi(t)V. 

' khi^cjLV^e,^ Q tIjuIj cvJog tQ EJcp^^V^ 7rd.(roLV v(p' kouui^ 7roiy](rdfjS{jQ^, 
Y^hcwviV S"^ Aa^eiov haTov fjLvejLa^nv ^g^r» KaTa^ouvovJa. kcu ng ctv- 
i^ (p^^ei TCdv iTcu^oiVj &)'? ^n yiK(^(^ d^iov Ti^yyia-, raV ct;coAada? 
TfculjsvJagj «V <^vo fis^y) (^iyjenfju^jag crpdg ouuT^gy &v kaxsfa <^£$tTY]yov 
^vcu Jt, riyifj,ova, tqv ^, KKi^avi^^v-, tov q\ Aa^eiov vir ouui^ -K^aa- 
yo^djoy^ov' de^^ay^ag i) ^odhoig dK^^ohi^i^ %^g dKKnhng, «rct 
•Kvyfxdic, Tt7\(^ omiK.cuj^ rw (pi7\ovay.ict, j^ fJi^^X^ KiS-odV k^ ^vKodV 
TToAAaV (S^vcTKaTairouj^^iig yiyovoTag. TouJTa axaVot?, QMixA)(riv avT^g 
fj.ovofj.axy\Tou r»$ nyifJ,ovag, Kj tov i^p 'Axi^avS^^v avTog 0d7r7\io-iVy tov q 
Aa^iiov (t>i7\cdTag. kB-iaTo o o g-^Tog cv omco TiVi ra fJLi7\Xov\(^ Ti^ifxs- 
»■©'■ To yiyvoi^pov. l^v^g j) "^ fJ-dx^g '^oijSfjng, c^wncrsi/ o Ka7\ii{jS{j(^ 
'A7\i'^av^§(^, K^ S^ui^idv "iT^a^iV ^'(^hKa KOifJLag, v^ <FoXn Ui^^riKn x^'^^' 
TavTa f^ ^v '^^To^ivng Wo^miv. tLuj ^ fjLiyd7\lw fJidx^ Tt^g Aa- 
^eiov iiK cv 'A^'^n7\oig, &)Wgf o/ 7io7\7^.o\ y^(piicriv, d7\7\d 6v Tav7afxn- 

7\oig 

nam PerHirum in gradum reftitutam, quo fe in duas partes divififle, utrique efie du- 

eam accepi fplendore, relinquamj quo A- cem & imperatorem, uni Alexandrum, al- 

lexandro gratiam referam eorum quae in meo teri ab iis nuncupatum Darium , coepifle 

adverfo cafu chariflimis meis praeftitit pig- glebis inter fe velitari, mox pugnis, tan- 

noribus. Quod fi fato hoc adeft tempus dem exarfifle certamine , atque ad lapides 

Deorum invidise £c rerum viciflitudini prse- fudefque multos progreflx)S, nec dirimi eos 

finitum , de Perfarum regno ut fit tranf- facile potuifle. Quod ubi accepit, ipfos juf- 

a61:um , ne quis mortalium alius in Cy- fit folos congredi duces. Alexandrum ipfe 

ri folio fedeat quam Alexander. Haec i- armavit, Philotas Darium. Spedavit exer- 

ta gefta & di6ta plerique fcriptores tra- citus pugnam, omen ex eventu capturus. A- 

dunt. cri conferta pugna, ille qui Alexander dice- 

At Alexander omni cis Euphratem fub- batur, tulit palmam, donoque duodecim vi- 

afta Afia, figna in adventantem Darium cos & jus ftola Perfica utendi accepit. Hoc 

decies centenis millibus militum movit. Hic fcriptum reliquit Eratoflhenes. Magnuni 

ex amicis quidam retulit ei pro ridiculo, autem cum Dario proeHum non apud Arbela, 

fervitia, qux caftra fequebantur, per ludum (ut raulti prodidcre) fed fuit apud G...irame- 

la 



46 



AAESANAPOS. 



Aoig '^i^ou (rvuuim<TiV. a-YiiuLcumv H (pcLiiv omv miuLriXii tIw (^iclMkIov, 
STrel T^ TTclXou Tig ^a.(rihi(idv hM(pvym TToMiuLikig d^ KafjLnKa S^ofjLcL^(^, 
cvloLvB-oL KCL^iS^^v(Tiv a.vTlw, '^mTcL^cLg Tivoig yMfxag )^ Tr^o^roSag elg tIw 

QJmfJLi7\eiDLV. W Jt^U 8V (TihlwY^ tQ (ho^i^^O/Jj£v@-' cJ^iAlWiVi d^ tIw '^ 

(ULv^yieJ-c^v t£v 'AB-lww^v cL^yjjuu. \vh>toLTn q ^stto t' cMXei-^iCdg vv}cti, t&v 
9^T07rit^m QJV o^^a yiyovoTOdVi Aa^ei^ ^ cv oTrXoig (rtwei^^^^e tIw JV- 
vajULiv, •U570 XafjLTrclS^odv cRino^djoi^(^ Toig TOL^etg' ' A7\.i^av<S^^(^ q, t£v 
MaKit^ovctiV ctva7roujofj8{j(idv, ouuTog tt^ '^ (TKlwtig fJ^ tQ fxdvlict^g 'AeA^cLv- 
(^en hiTeA^iv, ii^a^yiag Tkvoig ^^jijirirdg tsfB^y^f/^^^, it^ tw ^oi^cd (r(pa- 
yia^oi^(^. oi q 7f^i(r^vT€^i t^ iTcu^odv, k^ fxdxiqa Ua^f^ioiv, ag to 
fj8p 7ri(^iov To fJLiTa^v TH NKpoLTH y^ '^ o^Siv T^^ To^S^twoum, aTrav 
kodo^To KaTahafJL7tof^ov ToHg ^ae^ae^Ko\g (pilyi^riv, 0LTiKfia^T(^ <^g ng 

(pCdVY) (TVfJLfJLifJLkyfBfY) K^ S-6§V^(^ ;^ (p0^<^ CM tQ <^O^T07iiSii, Ka^OL^Ti^ cJ^ 

dxavSg ir^^TYix^i TnAoLyag, B-ouufjLcL(Tav\ig to 7tKYiB(^, j^ T^^g oLhhnhag 
^aMX^iv^i?:» ^V fjLiya >^ ;;^fltAg7roi^ i^yov ««, (TvfjL7ri(Tov\ag 'qm ire^Cpav^g 
tog-Qtov ^(Ta^ 7ro7\ifJLov, X?ra '^ ii^&v '^ofB^j^^ TW ^a(TiXei 7r^(TiKQovJig, 
i7teibov ouuTov S^x^^'^^^ vvKJod^ Tolg 7ro7\iiuLioig, j^ 7a c-K()T(i) To (po^i^od- 
TctTQV (Tv^KaTKV-^ou tQ fJLi7\7\ov\(^ aym(^. 3 to fJLVv^fJLovSoof^jov eiTraov, 
ii KXiTfJod tIu) viKluu, c^ioig fj^ i(^o^€ fjLet^Kio^Sy) Kj Kivluu )hdKeA(TiV 
7ti7roiYi^, 7iou(^odv TT^g togStov KivS^twov' cMioig 0, J^ m 7ra^vJi 3-apjieiV, 
itj <F0XOLi^^^ T^ fJLi7\7\ov\(^ 6e,^odg, fjLY) S^iS^^g 7r^(pa<TiV i^TlYiQivli Aa^eio^ 

Tf^og 

la commifllun. Eam vocem denotare do- Gordi^os barbaricis luminibus omnem con- 

mum cameli aiunt, quod rex quidam olim, templati funt collucere, incondita autem 

qui hoftes efFugerat camelo curforia, hoc lo- & confufa vox ftrepitufque horrendus ab ex- 

co repofuerit eam, certis vicis ve6tigalibuf- ercitu quafi ex vafto refonabat pelago, multi- 

que ad curam cjus attributis. Porro luna tudinem ftupentes, atque inter fe colloquuti, 

menfe Boedromione defecit fub initium my- magnam rem & arduam fore, fi aperto Mar- 

fteriorum, ut ca Athenis agunt. Undecimo te tantum belli fiu£tum aggrederentur im- 

a defeftione die, quum exercitus utrinque in pellere , regreflum a facris regem adeunt, 

confpe&u efl"ent, continuit Darius copias lliadentque hoftem ut no6i:e adoriatur, con- 

fuas in armis, ad faces ordines fuos luftrans. tegatque tenebris fummum inftantis terrorera 

Alexander, quiefcentibus JVIacedonibus, cum certaminis. Ille enimvero celebratum hoc 

vate Ariftandro egit pro tabernaculo fuo fa- di£tum fatus, Non furor viftoriam, temera- 

cris quibufdam arcanis operans, atque Apol- riura vifus quibui^dam eft &: arrogans refpon- 

lini immolans. Majores autcm natu amici fum dedifle, qui tanto in periculo luderet: 

ejus, Parmenio potiflHmum, ut campum in* aliis 6c in prasfentia refte animo conftitifle, 

terjacentera inter Niphatem montefque & vcre conjicere de futuro, quod vifto Dario 

anfara 



AAESANAPOS. 47 

?r^V Ahh.tw gm^k; dva^ciffv[(Tcu Trei^, curmf^jcd r^Tm vvkJci >^ crxo- 
T(^y &)V ofn y^ fscrt >9 B-oLhaoTciV i^ vF^Ti^Gdv. » y) oTrAwi' «/g crWjtia- 
•r&n' >s?73eict %{w(ri^ TToMiuLQvict Au^etov "M TYiT^iKoujTm S^iwdpuimy v^ 
X^&^'^ ro<iCWTv\c, aAA orcti/ ctcpv) tq ^^vnfJLct )J t^' IhTriS^a, ^i kfJL<pct- 

'A7ri7\^ov}6i>t/ T»V&)y mTcix,7^S4g vm (rmvlw, 7\iyiTcu ro T^omov fjLS- 
^^ T' vvkIo<; V7fv(£) (^a^ei k^tyi^Iwou a^^ ro i\,(ihoq' «Vg Bcwfjicit^wi STrgA- 
^ov\<t<; o^^&^y TaV y\yipiovcL<;^ v^ 710.^ cw'^ cJ^evifmv c^^^PyiKfJLct Tr^movy 
dtt-^^oiTom^ T»V <F^ximctg' tTreira. rQ Kcu^i KariTreiyovl^^y «VgAdop?<x 
Ha^^i&tva, Kj oj^^oLvJa rw KXivf), ^\<; « Tg/V olvt^ (pUy^a^ riivofia' 
j^ S^nyi^Uv}^, iiTOig h^odrav o,ti JV TrgTTovOwV ijTfvov KahSjh^ ViVixmoT(^, 
s;^i fjLi'Kh.ov\(^ oiyceviei^ rov fj.iyis^ov t^ dyo^vcav' rov ySv 'Ahi^avS^^v 
dvceiv (^iafxcit^toi^ravla, ri y^ aV «J*»! o"oi vmKYiKivcu S^oKQfjLev, dmyo^ay- 
(uS|jUot T« TfKavd^ J^ h(^KeiV hji TtoKhn )^ xctTS<:|)Ootf jw^^uvi (pyyo^;^«p7ot 
;^ft)^a A(3tf«oyj « |W.oi/o» o tt^^' -^ f^^X^''-» d7\Kd ■k^ c^^ tov KivJ^twov 
cwrov sTn^ei^aro fiiyav k^ (nwi<^mora •w 7\oyi[i^ >^ S-ajij^eiv iouurov^ 
i<^iv ^ dyd^v '^mr^TiYiv ^ (rdxov qjv tw Sjc^vvfJiOd Ki^n k^ JJa^fAjjiod- 
va, 7" BaKJe/avYig 'iTrTrki pcO&) iroKXod v^ jmJ ^iag 7ra§ifi7ri(rii(rng eig t»V Ma- 
KiKva;, Mal^cun q (S^7rifj.'^av](^ i^oo t' (pd7\a[y(^ i^rTrfig roig ctkSoo- 
(pvXaKii(ri 7r^(T^aXov\ag. cT^o k^ ^ofj^ajwS^©^ ^tt' dfj.(poTifm o IJa^- 
f^i^icidv, d7Ti9ei?KiV TT^g 'A7\i^av^^v dfyihag (p^^Covlag oixi^ rov x^&^~ 

Ka 

anram non daret aliam denuo pugnse aleam pellat. Ubi eum excitavit, rogat quid hoc 

refpiciendi, hujus cladis caufam in nodem & rei fit, quod fomno indulgeat perinde ac fi. 

tenebras conferenti, ut in montes, fauces, & vicerit, non autem maximum proelium lit in- 

mure, fuperioris. Quippe non armorum Da- iturus. Tum arridens Alexander, Num tibi, 

rium penuria neque hominum, pofiturum inquit, non jam vicifle videamur, liberati a 

bellum, tanto imperio & ditione fuccinftum vagando, Dariumque in laxa & evaftata ter- 

tam vafta, veruni ubi extorta aperta acie giverfantem regione confeftando ? At non 

vi£toria convi6tu6 animum & fpem abjecif- antc pugnam modo, fed in ipfo etiam difcri- 

fet. mine magnum virum fe &: fohdo confilio a- 

Poftquam hi digreffi funt, contulit fe in nimoque efle probavit. Siquidem finiftrum. 

tentorium cubitum , ubi dicitur rehquum cornu, ubi agebat Parmenio, fiu&uavit, ac pe- 

noftis alto fopore fuifle pr^ter foUtum op- dem retulit, quum equitatus Baftrianus magna 

preflus : adeo ut mirarentur duces, qui primo impreflSone Sc vi inveftus in Macedonas fuif- 

diluculo eum adierunt, milicibufque fuo no- fet, MazseufqueturmasaHquot equitum aciem 

mine primum, ut pranderent, pronuntiavere. circumveftos invadere juflHfl^et impedimenta. 

Dcindc urgente articulo, ingreflus Parmenio, Ita utraque re confternatus Parmenio, mifitad 

&;cubili afliftens, bis terve nomine eum com' Akxandrum auntiosjC^ui fignificarent ei tranf- 

aftuin 



48 



AAESANAPOS. 



m j^ Tci? '^orKdjoii;, el fjLY) mTci tolx^ (^oriS-eiciv -oxv^J 'M tS 9q- 

fJLOLT^^ TrifJL^^eiiV TO^g OTTi^iV. iTVX^ f^J ^" ^T QmHvo KOU^Q Tolg <5fe« 

cwTov h^poJ^a ^<^«V (ryifJLeiov. wV YiKiiiTiV Tci a^ th UoL^fj^m©^, iiK 
i(pi) G-u)p^veiV ouuToVy ii^i h^o; uvou '^ ■7\oyi(Tfx{i^-> dKT^ ShXiM^ tol- 
^T](3fjSpov, on vimvJsg f^ 7r^(TKiY\(rof) ;^ rot '^ noXifjLm' YiTl(tifjS{joig 
(p^v}i<Fiov a ;^p«//(XT&)i/ aJ^g oivS^^Trot^cdVy otAA oTrctig ^^B-avSvJcu m- 
7\odg -^ XoLfJLTr^Stg oiyc^vil^oi^joi. touutcl c^$-«Aa? UcL^^ionvi) to y,^- 
v(^ (i^iS-^TOy Tov 3 (zAhov oTfKKrfjLov dJB-vg 'M (TKlujiig etxiv, ImvS^v- 
fjLcL T^ ^iKiT^imv fy<;ov' Stp. raV&), ^c^^kol (^iTrKiiV 7\ivQv, cm -j^ 

AYip^ivJciiV CJD 'loTCd. TO Q }L^v(^y Iw fB(J (Ti(^y)^Qv' sViA^g Q ^(TTTi^ CJL^yV- 

^©^ KCL^OL^ogy l^yov Q^o^pihii. (TUJuri^fjLo^^o q oujt^ (^T^^xi/iKiov ofjLomg 

(Tii^n^Sv, Ai^OKOKAYlTOV, flOLXOU^V S-CWf/.0L9YiV (^dP^ K^ KHCpOTYITiy i^Od^Y\- 
(TOLfJLiVa tQ KiTiict)V (ioL(TiM&ig, Y)V CiX&V Y\(TiLY)fAv^ Tcl 7rO?\KcL X^^^ f^OL- 

p^oM^ct fs^ Toig fj,cLxoLg. cfhno^TrcLfXCL 5 spo^et, rw fj^sv l^ycL(TicL (to^^ol- 

^^CidTi^OV Y) KCLTOL TOV (JLKhOV OTtKiCT fJ.OV . Iw y) t^yoV 'EAi>tOdv(^ tQ TTCL- 

7\cuQ, TifJLY) t' 'V.oi^iCdV TToModg, vp' Yig 2(^oS-Y) (^a^v. \x^'^^ "^^ "^y- 
T6) -K^g T^g dyoiiVOLg. a.xtf' /wsi/ aV (TUDTOLTlodv ti t? (pctAoLFy(^, y) c^^ 

KS?\(^OfSfj'^ Y) (^i(S^OL(TmV Y) S(pQ^I^V nOL^i^Y)ADUJVSV, (JLKTkOV 'iTTTTOV ^X^^i ^^ 

BiiKi(pcLKcL (peii^ofj^(^, i](^Y) 7raf«At;c(^ ovJ^' x^§^^^ ^£5? 'i^yov k«- 
v(^ 7r^o(TnyeTo, Kj fXiTOL^oig dj^vg y)^x^^ 'i^po^a. 

ToTi 

aftum efle de caftris & impedimentis, ni pro- pus. Jam collare habebat ex ferro item 

pere firmum fubfidium ex prima acie novif- compaftum quod gcmmis erat diftinftum : 

fimis fubmififlet. Sub idem autem tempus gladium mira tinftura & levitate, regis Ci- 

jam dederat fuis fignum pugnas. Ut vero tieorum donum, quo accinftus erat, aflue- 

Parmenionis mandata audivit, negavit eum tus fere gladio uti in prcelio. Balteum ge- 

fanum eflc, neque conftare mente, fed pi-x ftabat opere fuperbiore quam pro reliqua; 

confternatione oblitum acquirere vi£tores e- ratione armatur^e. Opificium fuit veteris 

tiam hoftium opes, viftis vero laborandum Heliconis, Rhodiorum donum, quo eum illa 

efle non de farcinis, neque de mancipiis, ve- honoraverat civitas : hoc in confliftibus ute- 

rum ut pugnantes cadant quam honeftiffime batur. Tantifper autem dum in acie in- 

& fortifllme. His datis ad Parmenionem ftruenda vel dandis imperiis vel monendo vel 

mandatis, galeam fumpfit. Reliquum mu- infpiciendo obequitabat aciem, alio vehe- 

nimentum corporis jam in tabernaculo indu- batur equo : quod Bucephals, qui jam gra- 

erat, amicuUim Siculi operis cincStum, fuper vi setate erat, parceret. Ubi proehum in- 

eum thoracem lineum duplicem ex prseda iret, admovebatur ille: in quem quum tranP- 

IfTenfi. Galea erat ferrea, qu£e tamen inftar iflet, illico figna jufllt canere. 
candidi argenti refulgebat, Theophili o- 

Ibi 



AAESANAP0 2. 49 

ToTi Tolg ©iTJaT^olig TrKei^oL hcL7\iX^^'^-> J^ Tolg dKKoig "EAA«o-{f, ftiV 
iTTipmaroiV cwToVt (^ocovlig aiyeiV cRi raV jSct^^ot^y?, to '^v^ov ag rlw 
deA^^i^v pLiTO.^cLh^v-) TM h^iS, Trct^iKcLKa VaV 0g»V, &)V KaAAtc^-gvnf 
(pMO-<f, g7r<li;;^o(ut9/J^, eim^ ovlag AtoB-iV ygyofiwV, dfjLvvai Kj (Tvmmy^Si- 
(Tcu T^g^EhTdjuuoLg. o o (JLCLvlig ' ke/.<^0LVi^e,^-, ^^Aotf/c^ct Kdjydw ix^^ ^9 
;^^uo'b'i' f2Cf)cti'oj', Im^eiKVVTQ TtcLeATVTrdjoiV cLiTov VTTS^ Ki<poL7\.rig 'AAs^cti/- 
S^^a (TUJUiTrcuod^iifJ^oVi k^ KotTi^S-vvovJoL TW 7fif)(rei 0^3-iov cBn. t^V 7ro?^€- 
fjLiag' 6)Vg TToAt) jW^' 3-ot^o^(^ sP^i^cu Tolg o^&(TiVy cal q t» 3-oipp«v )^ 
rz^KaAeti/ otAAjiAb^, ^^l^(^ Tolg \n7tdj(nv tgf/^/ot? o%' t»V iioXifJLiiig 
cJhKVfJLouveiV tUju (poixoLlyoL. TreJiv o (rvfjLfL.i^ou t«V 7r^4)Va?, cJ^UhivoLV oi 
jioL^^oLe^^h >9 ^'iCdyfj.og Iw ttoAuV) «V Tot jOteo-ct (T\wi7\auuvov\(^ ^AXi^civ- 
^^a To vimi^ov-, oTra Aai^ei(^ Ilv. TroppiwOgv ■/) omJtoV KOLTeihv S^id V^ 

"n^TiTO.yiB^OdV CM) ^Ct5« T? ^dO-iAtKf)? tAjl? CAKpOLVivloLy KOLhOV (JLV^^ V^ 

fjLiyoLV iCp' cLe^fLCLT©-' y^l^JiAa ^g^^o^Tot, 7ro7\7\.ol;g l7r7ri£)(riv k^ 7\afi7rejig kol~ 
TOL7Vi(p^y\Bpov-, Sj fj,cb\OL (Tiwiajjeioc^p^joig fz«fe« to cLe^fioL-, v^ a^^Ti- 
TOLyfj^oig hx^^ TQg 7ro7vifj.iiig. ctAAa (^etvog o(p^eig ifyvQiv ' A7\i^oLV^^(B^, 
j^ T»V (pSSyovloLg ifj.^cL7\m eig t^V fMpovlag-, (H^i^rhYi^i k^ S^a^rKiS^a^Ti tq 
7r7\.ei9ov. ol q deJL^^oi )t, •fpvcuoTaTOi 7iej Ta ^a(Ti7\iOdg (povi^o(jSpoi, k^ k^t 

d7\7\Yl7\0iV 7ri7f]oilig, ifJ.TTOt^OdV r' S^iOd^iOdg Yt(TaV, ifJ.7r7\iK0fjSfJ0l Kj (Z^.OTTCU- 

^vJig cwTo^ig k^ 'iirTvoig. Aa^ei(^ q, t^ Seivodv d^rdvJotiV h o(p^aK- 
[xoig ovTOiv, j^ T^ 7V^TiTayiB{jm S^twdfj.iOdV s^ei^^of.^odv eig ouutov, 

6)V 

Ibi Theflalos longa oratione adhortatus at- mediam aciem, ubi Darius agebat. Procul 

que alios Graecos, ubi alacres oftenderunt fe enim per antefignanos confpexit media in 

conclamantes, duceret in barbaros, trajedta in cohorte regia confpicuum pulchrum virum 

finiftram lancea, Deorum opem invocavit, ut 6c eminentem, qui curru vehebatur excelfo, 

autor eft Callifthenes, precatus, fi vere fatus frequentibus fortibufque equitibus feptus ar- 

Jove eflet, ut Gr^ecis adeflent dextri 6c pro- fte conglobatis circa currum, paratilque ho- 

pitii. Vates Ariftander candida Isna ami£tus, ftem excipere. Sed Alexander, cujus ter- 

coronamque auream gertans, qui juxta Alex- ribilis ex propinquo apparebat afpeftus, dum 

andrum vehebatur, oftendit fuper verticem fugientes conjicit in eos qui locum adhuc 

ejus aquilam in aere fe librarc, curfumque vo- tenebant, perculit eos maxima ex parte dif- 

ktu re£la dirigere in hoftes. Unde ingens turbavitque. Optimorum ac fortifllmorum 

fpeftantes incefl^t alacritas, ex alacritate au- quorumque, quum pro rege contrucidarentur, 

tem 6c mutua adhortatione admiflb inhoftem cumulus exaggeratus cadentium, qui compre- 

equitatu inftar flu6lus ingruit phalanx. Cje- hendebant moribundipedesvirorume(]uorum- 

terum priufquam frontes concurrerunt, in- que, infeftationeminhibuit. Dariusvero, quum 

chnavic barbarorum acies. Magna erat im- omnes terrores antc oculos eflent, & co- 

pulfio, quod redjgeret cedentcs Alexander in pix quas ante fe habebat, corruerent in eum, 

VoL. IV. G haud 



50 AAESANAPOS. 

6)V ii>i Iw X^f^g^I/CM TO CL^fJLCL >^ S^li^ihd^TOU jiclS^lOV, CtAA' 01 Ti T^X'^^ ^^^' 
eixovjo 7f]u)(J.0i(Ti TfiCpv^^Ol T0(T'6T0ig-, oi Ti mi^Ol KOiTCtKOLlil^CiVOf^Oi ?^ oi- 
WO}C^V7fiof^Oi T^ nKn^H '^ n^OdV cJ^i)hMvJo K^ (TtWiTcL^TioV TOV moX^^h 
'^kmXHTfH fjSp TO ci^^Cl l^ T(i 0-nXcf.', ^Yj^hHCtV 0, ft)V (pCi(ytV, ViOTOKOV 'iTTTTOP 

(ukA^d: tOvj^. ii fjdw TOTi y dv i(^oKei (^ictcpevyetv, et [ULYi tfolAiv mov 
iTs^i a^ tS Uct^iJ^m^ hnilg, fjHTcvicihSvJs? ' AKi^avS^^v, m (svvi- 
^■ftJcrji? gV* -KoXh^q §\)vaLyii(ii<; oMii, j^ t^ 7ro7\i(JLm a>d c^hi^ovlodv. oKcdg y> 
cuTiSivlou Ua^i^ma kolt QMeivlw tIw (jlolx^ vodS-^v ^iSrou k^ J^yVgf- 
yoV eiTi ry yYi^cdg Y\h\ ti aff^?^vovl(^ '^ TohfjLYig, etTi t!w cl^a^riav Kj 
Tov oFkov, (£>g Ys.ciCh7\\.^mg (pY\(i\v, t' ' K7\i^0LV<^e,^ S^vvcifJLiOdg (ioL^vvdfAfjov }y 
7r^(r(p^ovSv}oL. TOTi / «t/ (^0L(riXivg ctv^oL^eig rw fJLSTOLififjL-^ei, Tolg fjSp 
§-^Ti(^Tcug iiK i(p^(ri To oLhY}S-ig, aAA oog dvix^^v th (povivm, k^ (tko- 
T>ig ov\(^, clvcLK.7\n(Tiv k(rnfjLaviv. i7\ouuv(tiV q tt^V to Mvi^vvivov fZi^(^, ma- 
(T0 Ka^' oi^QV nTln^ 7ravloL7raa-iv Kj <pevyav raV 7ro7\ifj.i>ig. 

T^To T' fxdx^^g QMHvng Aot^aVji^' tq 7ike,ag, « fjuiv d^x^ %av\d7ra(Tiv n' 
Jliq<T(^v iS^oKei KaTa7\i7\Vi^' I^a<n7\ivg q '^ 'A(Tiag 'AAgJctvJ^^(^ dvnyo- 
^djfjLiv(^, iS-vi Toig Qioig fj,iyaKo7r^i7riSg, k^ Toig (pihoig IS^od^eiTo TrX^iTng 
j^ owa? K^ nyifJLoviag. (piKoTifXHi^(^ ^65^ '^^'^ '^ETvAlwag, iy^^^sv 
Tag Tv^vviSag ^rdcrag KaTaKvS-lujou, y^ 7roKiTiveiV ctvTovofing' IJ^ici q 
IlAaTcuiV(Ti, tLuu TioKiV dvoiKo<^ofj,eiv, on tIw X^€9^^ °* 7taTi^ig ouu'^ 
a)ayodvi(Ta^ Tolg '^E7\7.yktiv v^ts^ 't' iT.iv^ieiag Tiaejiyov. i7rifj,'^i o j^ K^- 

TOdVldTOUg 

haud fiicile currum fle£tere 8c pervadere cari Ce rex etfi segre ferrer, veruntamen noii 

valebat, fed quia rotae retinebantur, tanto indicavit id militibus, fed quafi cjedem inhi- 

acervo intricatJe cadaverum , equi autem bensac prxcipite in noftem die receptuiceci- 

ilrage illa diftenti 8c operti exiliebant nit. In itinere, dum pergit ad periclitantes fu- 

conllernabantque aurigam, curru armifque os, accepit omni ex parte fufos fugatofque 

reliftis equam (ut ferunt) recens enixam con- hofles. 

fcendens cffudit fe in fugnm, non evafurus in Hoc pugnce illius eventu imperium Perfii- 

prsefentia tamcn, uti videbatur, nifi alii ite- rum pro femel fubverfo habitum, atque Afite 

nim a Parmenione equites miffi ad Alexan- rex renuntiatus Alexander, Diis magnifice fa- 

dmm fuiffent retrahendum, quod magna ma- cra peregir, amicis opes, domos, provincias 

nus adhuc illa parte ftaret in acie, neque ho- eft largitus. Ad Graecos ambitiofe fe efFerens 

ftes pedem referrent. Infimulant fane Parme- fcripfit, ut omnes toUerentur injufti domina- 

nionis omnino illo in conffiftu ignaviam & tus, & immunes ipfi fuis legibus viverentj 

fegniciem, five audaciam fenium ejus jam re- privatim autem ad Plat?eenfes, ut oppidum 

foivebat, flve potentiam Alexandri (ut tradit ipforum inftauraretur, quod agrum Grarcis 

Callifthenes) ille gravabatur & Eemulabatur majores eorum ad decertandum in eo pro H- 

giifcentem &. infurgentem. Tunc igitur revo- bertate cum barbaris pra^buifTent.AdhcecCro- 

toniatis 



A A E S A N A P O S. 51 

Tuvioiroug «V 'lTcLhia.v fxi^(^ -ft)' 7\ci(pv^ci)v, tIw (i)oLv?^H tQ oiS-AnTS ti~ 
fj^ 7r^^v(jim '^ oi^eTlw, og (^ toL MncTi^ca i^i dAAm 'iTcthKti'^ oltt- 
iyvmoTOdv raV "E^^^hlwag, M<^o7\ov tx^^ ^^^^ eVAdOo-gi/ «V ^ahoLiuLivoLy 

tQ KlvS)JVii Tl fJLe^i^OiV. 'dTOi) tU ev/ULm? Uv TT^g OLTTOLdOLV OL^iTluU, K^ KOL- 

h£v i^ym (pvT^a^ y^ oheK^. 

'ETi&)v Q tLu} BoL<cvAa)vim oL7roL(rav ev^vg m ouut^ 'j^ojULivlw, sS-ouu- 
fjLOL(rs /uLOLhi^oL To,Ti ;:^(xV^ct tS Tfv^g cv 'EKCoLTOLVOigy (^GjJie^ k -nwyYig 

(TVViX^'' OLVa.(pi^fXiViiy K^ TO jiSjUa 7» VOL(p^OL hlflVOL(j)vl©-' J^iCt TO TThn^Og, 
«' 7ropp6J tS X^^TfJLaT^^. Og rcthhOL fJHV CL(r(pd.KTCd TT^OfTiOlKiV, iiTOd iVTTO.- 

•9-«V TTgoV To TTv^ k<FiVi &>Vg TTeAV Y) ^iyeiV tIw (pAoya, i^i ouutyi<; t' ^^ to 
(p&g cJ^aiflofLmg avyng, tov fjLera^v TrohhoLm cii^ (TtuuiKKouoi. cJmi^eiKVv- 
l^oi 3 tIju) ^ujuafjLiv ojutS k^ (puVtv ol ^oiq^a^h tov (tyovla, ir^g tyw kol^ 
TOLhv(riv tS ^a(ri,7\ict>g givodnov iKa(pe'^ t» (pa^fjLOLKCi) KaTi^^iKao-av' eiTcL 
<^cLv\ig iTi 0LK^(£ T^g KafjLTrJn^g Tolg (^i^c^iyi^oig 7r^(ri^-mav' nS^n y^ (tvv- 
i(rKOTa(j.v. T^ ir^uiTCtiv iv^vg d-^af^cdv, ax i^^iv m vofjLYJ x^^^^ cu^y\- 
Tov-> clX7\ cLfJLa voYifjLaTi (^iyiKlo TT^g 3-oLTi^v vri^ag, k^ ttv^ lyiyovei dujuix^g 
6 <riVO!i7rog. huu H Tig 'AS-!wo(poLVng 'AS-lwou^, t^ ^^ (x7\etfjLfjLa k^ a«- 
T^v dciiB-oTOdV To (T&fJLa B-i^TTiveiV tQ (ia(ri7\ict)g, /C, tIuu S^iclvoiav ifjLfjn- 
T^.oog oL7roLyeiV S^ to poiS-vfjLov' «t(^ cv tw h.iiT§^vi TOTi TrcMc^agis t& 
A7\i%cLV^e,(j^ 7:a^i^SiT^ iVTihSg ^(^o^^ v^ yiT^oia t\w o-^iv, a^ovl'^ |) 
;;^a6/g^]6)?, oV 2rg(|)oti/(^ onaheiTo, BaA«, (pncrtv, ca (^acrihiv, (^ioLTrei^v 

cv 

toniatis in Italia prsedam impertivit ad Phay- interfufum aera frequenter folo fplendore 

li athletiE honorandum ftudium virtutemquej circa flammam elucente accendat. Quo vira 

qui bellis Medicis, quum Itali casteri res ejus & indolem oftenderent barbari, viam 

Gr^corum habercnt pro deploratis, Salamina ad regis tentorium tendentem irroravere 

navi fuis impenfis inftrufta fuerat ad peri- minutis hujus medicamenti ftillis, ftantefque 

culi focictatem profeftus. Ufque adeo can- in extremo faculas irrigatis naptha parti- 

didus erga omnem virtutem erat, fa6torum- cuhs admovere. Jam enim tenebrEc erant. 

que ad memoriam cuftos £c fautor honefto- Capite itaque accenfo, mox flamma pun6to 

rum. temporis depafta reliqua eft, atque mo- 

Caftra inde movit in Babyloniam, quae mento ad alterum percurrit terminum, ac 

protinus dedidit fe ei tota. Miraculo ei fuit via continuo colluxit igne. Athenophanes 

in Ecbatanis terr« hiatus ignem perpetuo fi- erat Athenienfis ex iis qui inungendo 

cut ex fonte fubvehens, 8c fcaturigo naph- & balneo curare regis corpus folebat, men- 

thas ex abundantia non longe illo hiatu ftag- temque ejus fcite abducere ad remiflio- 

nantis ; qui caetera bitumen repra^fentat, C£e- nem. Hic in balneo affiftentc tunc regi 

terum cognationem habet cum igne adeo puero facie ridicula, fed qui caneret le- 

magnam, ut priufquara contingat flaramam, pide, Stephanum dicebant, Vis, inquir, 

G z in 



52 AAESANAPOS. 

o-(?gc9"M, TTOLvlciTracriv oiv (pculw afJLO.X'^^ ^ i^^vhuu ajurS rlw (hwoifjuv dvou. 
TT^B-vjLicdg S^i u:m /^ tj? TrcwJVgia (^k^ovI^ touirov ir^q rlw tfh^v, OLfjiOL 
i^ (uk^oiTKH-^/cu j^ S-iyeiv, cJ^lwS-ws (pKoyoL ro(roujrlw ro (rcdfjLOL-, ;^ Trve^ 
jtctT?c^s3-« Traf, &)Vs Toi/ 'AAg^afJ^^i^ «V 7rai/ "^eJ-oLg j^ J^ea? gA6«v. «' q 
ju.« j{/ Tvx^ TToXXoi 7roL^Yi(TOLV ciFyeioL TT^g ro A<ir^v v^cLr(^ J^tot yH- 
^m ix^vJig, iiK OLV i(p^cL(r€V Yi (hoYiB-eioL rlw cJ^vofjLlw. aAAot j^ ron fjLo- 
yig KcLrt(J^i(T0LV ro (rStfJLOL rS Trcu^og S^ioKii ttv^ 'fpo^ov, Kj jwJ rouuroL 
^OLMTT^g gfl^ei/. d}t(}TCdg ^v tvioi rov fjLvB-ov oivoL^rodl^Qvlig w^g rlw ctXn^actv, 
tSto (pGLa-)v elvcu ro '^ Mn^eioLg (pcL^jbLctKov, (£> rov r^yctxS^iifjSpov 9i(poLVov 

JL rOV TTiTTMV iX^'^^^' ^ y^ <^ OUU'^ CAmVOiiVy «iPg OLTT CuJrOfJLOLTii 7\cifJL- 

'^cu TO Ttv^, ctAAot (pKoyog bmB-iv <tt^TgO«Vn^, o^eicLV oTxkIw k^ crvvoL- 
(phuu aS^Y^Kov cu^YKTei %Ji^ou. rdg ^ oLKrhoLg ii, roi jnvfjLOLroL r^ itv^g 
OLTTCsi^iv g7rg^;^o^^J/ctj rolg ^^ oiKXoig (TOdfjLOL^riv (podg kcu 3-i^fjLornroL Tr^d-- 
^dKheiV fjiovov, h o rolg ctAAoi? ^yi^rnrct irvSjfJLOLnKlw k^ voriS^oL At- 
TTcLeciv >L, ^ta^KY) KiKJniJ^^oig cLB-^oill)fA.iva K^ TTv^ifjLavQvla fJLira^ctKT^eiV o^iodg 
rhuu v7\lw. Tra^fix^v "^^^Aav « -j^i^rig, eire fJiaXKov vmKKOJUfjLa -^ (pKo- 
yog vTTohpei ro vy^v qjh, t^ yng (pvcnv T^wa^dv ;^ wvez-yovov lyiicrng. >^ 
yd^ Wiv « Ba.^vAodvia aCpo^^ 7rv^o^<^ng, &)V2 TotV fjS^ KejL^oig x^^M-^^^v 
C4t7r«(^c6i/ K^ ^hroTroihM^ 7ro7\?\oiKig, oiov "^jzsi (pMyfjLovyig t^' roTroiv (r(pvy- 

^taV 

in Stepluno, rex, periculum faciamus nap- medicamentum, quo decantatam illam c^oro- 

thse? Nam hunc fi attigerit, nec fuerit ex- nam flammeumque inunxit. Qiiippe haud ex 

itindus, dicam vires ejus plane inexfuperabi- femetipfis neque fponte concepiflc illa ig- 

les 8c eximias eflc. Quum prompte puer of- nem, fed quum adje6ta illinc fuiflet flamma, 

ferret fe ad experimentum, fimul atque inun- citam ejus & continentem contagionem, quae 

ftus fUit, & attigit eum medicamentum, flam- fenfum efl^ugeret, fuifle. Nam radios 8c pro- 

mam corpus ejus tam ingentem efFudit, & ig- fluvia ignis eminus ingruentia lumen aliis 

ne occupatumell totum,ut ad extremamper- corporibus 8c fervorem tantummodo adjun- 

plexitatem trepidationemque reciderit Alex- gere, in aliis ariditate halituofa, pinguique 8c 

ander. Qiiod ni adfuifl^ent qui multa vafa a- faturo prjeditis liquore collefta atque vi glif- 

quse in balnei ufum ad manum habebant, nul- centia flammea ftatim ipfam mutare raate- 

la ope proh beri potuiflct quin corpus pueri riam. Movit generatio ejus dubitationes va- 

eflet ambuftum. Sed 8c tunc corpus ejus un- rias, an potius flamms fomes liquor hic ex 

dcquaque inflammatum fuit, 8c ignem extin- folo emanet vi oleofa inflammanteque prasdi- 

xerunt xgre, ac poft male habuit. Itaque to. Eft enim perquam Babylonia ignea, uC 

haud abfurde fitbulam quidam ad veritatem hordeum ex humo fubfultet 8c regeratur 

reducentes, hoc illud effe did-itanc Medeac frequenter, quod ea regio quafi nimia inflara- 

matione 



AAESANAPGS. 53 

(pihom7\m ''E70\lwi,y.OLig (pvTelcug S^ioLKoa-fjincrou Tct (^ctirihHci JtjT^V (^iid- 

THg, 'Pi^ |US/) OLKKm QM^TY)(TiV, TOV Q Xtrloi/ «X g^S^SV Y\ yn fJLOVOV, CiAA' 

a« M(p^ei§iV , » (pifi^vJoL tIw k^olg-iV h jw^u y) 7ry^&)'(J^/i^, q (^iAo- 

•vj/y^^(^. '^'' |U$^' iiV TOl>iTCidV ■KCL^iK^ddiOdV, OLV fLLiT^V g;:|/&)a"(fj YilloV i(r(i)g 
ol t^VG-KOKOl KCLTYfyO^QcriV. 

'A7\.i.^ClV^e,'^ 2»V&)1/ KV^SjG-Ctg, T^CLejchCJL^iV bi Tolg ^OLlCheiOig TiT^- 
KlCriULVe/Ct TOLT^OLvJoL VOjULl(rfJLOLT(^, tIw 3 (i7<hlw KOLTa.(rK<^!w }ij 7roAVTi7\ei~ 

av dS^inynrov. oTra (Py](t]v y^ Tco^cpv^g 'E^fjLioviKiig i^^i3-lwcu tcL7\clv\cl Tnv- 
Tcin<yi7\iOL, crvlKH^Yig p{j S^ l'^ S^iKOL hovlcdv t^iciKocrioiV, Tr^acpoLTov q ra 

Ctl/fi©-' gV* >9 Via^V (pv7\0LT\ii(TY\g. CUTtOV Q TbVa (^CtViV «1/CM, TO tIw (^OL- 

(pluu S^id. fJLihiT^ yivsix^ -j^^ 0L7\ii^y6dv, Si" ihcua q 7\<^kQ, t^ 7\Sjk£v' ^ 

^ TiiTOdV TOV iVoV X^^'^^ £;^01?]&)I/ t/«; X0LfJL7I^^TY\TDL KOL^OL^V }C, g-ih^ii(TOLlf 

fjLiTOLirifJLTrofjSpag eig tIw yoL^oLV ^cTcrtdgc^J 7«V (ZoLcri7\eig, olov QAiCi^caafA.i^ 
vag To fJLiyih©-' t" cf-gxng, >9 to KvtiL^eiV oiyroLvJodV. 

T«f ng^O-t'J^©-' aVn? (^tOt T^X^'^^'^^^ i^VCTifJL^oXiii K^ (pv7\CLT\oi^Y\g TJiOT 

^vcuoTCLTCdV Tli^(r£v {AoL^H^^ |u9/) -^ iTti^p^yei) yiyvi^ Tivog (^^od^a 
kvk7\ov g^aVn? a TToAyi/ nyific^v owtw S^iyT^odor^^ a.V0f&)7r(^, c/m, vraT^g 
AvKinj fJLY\T^og Q ng^(ri'J^(^ ygyoi/6)V* oi/ (poL(riV iTi TrcuSog ov](^ 'AAg|aj/- 

matione palpitet, habeantque homines per tos, qu£e florem recentem adhuc ac novitiunr} 

fervores in utribus aqua impletis cubilia. Har- retineret, Cujus ferunt caufam efle, quod 

palo, qui regionis hujus rehftus prtefeftus puniceoinim infeftura melle perfe£ta fuerit, & 

fuit, ftudenti Grscis plantationibus regiam candido oleo candidorum : quippe horum in 

8c ambulationes excolere, caetera refpondc- pari setate fplendorem integrum & fulgentem 

runtjunara refpuit tellus hederam,quam fem- confpici. Ad hiec ex Nilo &: Iftro hauftum 

per corrupit impatientem ejus temperiei, inter cjetera Dinon memorat folenne fuifle, 

quod hjec frigidis gaudeat, illa ferveat. Cse- ut aff^erri imperarent atque in thefaurum re- 

terum hujufcemodi digrefl"us, fi modum fer- conderent reges, tanquam in pignus amplitu- 

vent, minus fortaflls reprehendent morofi. dinis imperii & rerum fe dominos efl^e. 

Alexander Sufis potitus, quadraginta mil- Quum autem Perfis ob afperitatem eflet 

lia talentorum argenti fignati invenit, pr^e- aditu diflicilis, prasfidiumque haberet delcc- 

terea inftrumentiim regium aliud,£c res pre- tiflimorum Perfarum (namque confugerat eo 

tiofas innumerabiles : ubi eciam purpurte Her- Darius) quidam utriufque linguje peritus^ 

mionicas quinque millia talentorum narrat qui patre Lycio, Perfide matre ortus erat, 

inventa, annos fervatae decem minus ducen- quem puero etiamnura Alexandro praeci- 

6 nuifle 



54 AAESANAPOS. 

Ui^crcig TTo^eicig. (povov ^ ^v ovlcw^d nohiui t^I cihKTMi^c^v '^i^cu 
(TiJLUim<Tiv. y^(pei, ^ ouurog, &)V vofJLiljtiV cwtw tQto Kv(TiTi7\^v oMihdjiv 
^(TOctTli^ T^g civ^^c^Tfng' voiLii(TfjLOiT(^ iv^^v ttAwQ©- octov gv SaVot^, 
tIw 3 aK7\huu mTOL(T)i^lw k^ tov 7^7\Qtov cMKofj,i£rUvou (pct^riv fjLvejioig 
oqjDmg l\vyi(Tiv Kj 7Tiv\ct>ii%\>7\icug mft^T^oig. Hs^Jy o oLvS^e^dvlct fxiycLv 
SicL(TdfjSp(^ -uzjTo 7r?.Yi^'dg f^^ odkfj^m elg Tci ^cl^tIahcl 7r7\Yifj,f^ihoig 
dvcLTiT^^fjL^ov, hki), ^ m^dTTie, tf^^^vxov 7re^(Tctyo^iv(TAg, UOTS^OV 
(Ti, aTTiv, (^id TYiv (M raV"EAA«i/ot^ ^^TeioLV my^ov 7rot^gA9&)f4u, «V^ot 
T«t/ ctAA^ f/,iyoL7\o(p^(Ttwluu tLj d^eTYiv hyd^odf^ 5 nA(^ q, ttoT^uu x^^- 
vov Tieog iouuT& •^ojuS/j©-' »9 cri&)7r«Vct?, 7ra^«A0gJ'. (hnTKOf^^ o t^V fg^- 
TifflVct? dvaKcL^eiv (»9 ^ iii' ^^ffit^ii»©^ 6)'e9«) noz-ct^g fdi^vctg cwto^i J^in^ 
yci^. 7\iyf) 0, )ici^i(TOLv\(^ clvt^ to 7r^&Tov \:m tov ^^fudaf H^vi^Tnov 
cj^ tJ ' (hoL(Tihi)i(^ 3-^ov(t), Tov Koeiv^iov Ai^fid^Tov, ivvav ovTot dvS'^ Kj 
TTciT^mv <pi?\ov 'A7\i^dv^^i5, 7t^i(T^vnmg cRiS^ctK^v^Tcu, k^ eiTTiiv, o^g fjLi- 
yd7\Y\g Y[^oVY\g ^i^^ivlo ^ 'E7\7\Yivcidv oi Ti^vnKOTig, TreJiV \hlv ' AT^i^cLvS^^v ov 

tJ AoL^eiH 3-^o'l/&) KOL^YIfJ^OV. 

'Ek TiiTH fjii7\7\c,iv (^ihoLvvetv (M Act^iiov, hvxiv fj^ elg fJLi&lw nvd Kj 
^rciiJ^tdv ToHg iTcu^ig ioujTov M(s^K(^g, (^(TTi tLj yvvcuct (TVfiTriveiV STri KOd- 
fjLov movlcL Tf^og T^g i^s-dg. h o TiiToig iv^oK^fx^cTcL fA,d7\i^cL Qciig, >) 

UT07\ifJ,cd'd T« (^0L(TL7\iV(T0Lvl(^ V9i^V WcU^, -j^^^ ' AtIiKY), TCt f^ SfJ,- 

fJLi- 

nuifle perhibent Pythiara , nempe Lycium mo, ut diu cogitabundus & tacitus reftitit, 

ducem Alexandro itincris in Perfas fore, mo- prcetergreirus ell. Qi.iatuor menfes ibi, quo 

dico circuitu duxit eum m Perfidem. Stra- exercicum reficeret, quod effet hyemis tem- 

ges illic ingens captivorum edita: fiquidem peftas, tranfegit. Fama eft, quum primum 

fcribit ipfe ratum fe id e re fua e{re,imperdf- fub aurea teftudine Alexander in iblio rcgio 

fe ut hoftes contrucidarentur. Argenti re- confideret, Corinthium Demaratum Alexandri 

perit ibi parem ac Sufis fummam. Rehquum familiarem&amicumpaternum, fenilimore il- 

inftrumentum regium 6c opcs decera milli- lacrymafle,acdixifle, fraudatosmagnavolupta- 

bus jugorum mularium & quinque millibus te Graecos,qui antequam in Darii IblioAlex- 

camelorum egcfta. Statuam ingentem Xer- andrum fpeftafTentfedentem^vitaeflentfundi. 

xis a turba contemplatus in regiam irrum- Hinc in Darium moturus, compotatio- 

pentium imprudenter everfam, fubftitit, ac nem & iufum cum araicis iniir, iuterfue- 

ficut fpirantem compellans, Utrum te, in- runtque meretrices, qux comeflatum vene- 

quit, ob illatum Graecis bellum praeteribi- rant ad amatores fuos. Inter has nobilis 

mus proftratum, an ob caeterara animi tui imprimis Thais, Ptolemsei, qui poft- regna- 

ceifitudinem & virtutem attollcmus? Poilre- vit, apiic;}, ex Attica onunda, partim fcite 



ce- 



AAESANAP0 2:. 



?5 



pLi7\(a(; i7CcuvQ(rci, tol o Trouljiorct Tt^og tov 'Ahi^a.vJ^^oy, a.^ct t« ju^B-n 
TKoyov €i7reiV Tr^onx^r}, t4 |w9/J t' TrctTeA^^ ii^et 7r^i7royloL> /ULeil^oyot q » 
m^' oiVTYiV' i<py) ^j ^v 7rs7rovms ^rs^rKcivn^^r} tyiv 'AcriotVy '^ActyXdvetv 
XOi^^v c/Keivn^ r' nfA^.';-, ovT^v(poo(ra. ToHg V7rs^y}(poivoii Yii^$-m (^otiTtXeiOii;' 
gVi c^' av rii^iov vz!F)7r^Yi<rcu KoafJLcL^roidcL tov Hg^|» t5 KCLTOLKav(Totv]o<; Toi<; 
'A^LuuoLg otKoVy ouuTYi To TTv^ aA/aia-> tS ^oL<nKiOt)g o^wy]©^" &jf dv Xoy^ 

g^M 7r^g CLV^^cJ^fiiCj OTl ^ VOUJIU.OLX(^V llj Tti^Q IJLcix(^V CAieivOdV (^^Tny^v 

roi fj^ 'AM^oLVt^^a ytwou.a. fjLet^ova (^ulw iTTiS-nKiv Ui^crcug V7rl^ t" 'EA- 
T^dJ^. oLfj,a '^ y^oyfjd TiSTc^ k^th jt, S-o^vCa 'j^oiApa, k^ (^^K€hd^- 
(TiOig TpfO" iTou^CfiV K^ (piKoTifxiag:, cJhcma^eig o ^a^ftK^g j^ dva^fnS^rKroLc, 
iX^^ '^i^^vov Kj ?\afjL7td(^a 7t^Yi'^' o\ 3 k^rof^oi K^fjLOd jc, (2>oH (^i<^ay\o 
rd (2>a(riAeia' >c, toov d7<hm y^aKiJovm ol 7fuju^civofjSpoi (Twun^^x^^v /wj 
7\afJL.7td^(^V X<^^^^^' ^'^TTii^Oi; '^ OTt Tolg oikoi 7r^(T^x^v\(^ W\ Tov vSvy 
^ fjLt) fj.ih7\ov\(^ CM^ ^a^^d^ig oiKeiV, to 7rifjL7r^.vou Td ^a(Ti7\eta )^ h- 
a(p^ei^eiV. ol |u9/; «Vw TcuJTa «^JSi^ (pa^Tiv, oi o >C73 yv(i)fj,ng' oTi i^' av ^ttg- 

TiVOY](TiV Ta%U V^ KaTCiO^^iTCU ^T^CTiTa^iV, 0fJ,07\0yiiTOU. 

^vTet 3 m fiiya7\o<^0d^TaT(B^, tTi fj,d7\7\ov l^rit^ooKiv eig tQto toov 
7rp^yfj.dT0dV ouj'^avofAiwv. k^ tt^itIuj « (pi7\o(p^(TWUY], fJ-i^' Yig fj.ovY]g c^g 
d7\nB-odg ol (h^ovJig x^^^^\)' f^vn^Y\(TOfj.ou q o7\iyod\) cigig-&)V. o t&)V Houo- 
vodv nyiifj9{j(^, "^KJeivag 7ro7\ifj.iov dv^^ y^ tIw Ki(pa7\lw cJTiihi^dfB-fj^^ 

av^ 

cekbrans Alexandrum, partim jocis alludens, facem manu tenens progrenus eft. Alii fe- 

in fermonem eft temulenta provefta, patrix quentes ludibundi conclamantefque regiam 

quidem ejus congruentem moribus, fed fu- cinxere : reliquorumque Macedonum , ubi 

pra ejus conditionem. Quippe laborum ait id intellexerunt, concurfus illuc cum lam- 

fibi in peragranda Afia exantlatorum illo die padibus exultantium faftus eft. Sperabanc 

fru£i:um recipere fe, fuperbze Perfarum rcgise enim domum rcfpicientis efte fignum , nec 

infultantem : verum multo libentius per lu- commoraturi inter barbaros, quod regiiim 

dum 8c lafciviam domicilium Xerxis, qui in- eorum incenderet everteretque. Atque h^c 

flammavit Athenas, fuccenfuram, facefque ita aliqui autores funt gefta fuifi^e, alii con- 

manibus fuis infpeftante fubdituram rege : fulto. Atqui cito illum poenituifle fiidi, at- 

quo inter mortales vulgaretur, fequentes A- que ut reftinguerent flammam imperafle, in 

lexandri caftra mulierculas majores pcenas a confeflb eft. 

Perfis ob violatam GrKciam, quam Grtecos Munificentia vero, qax infita ei erat, 

illos navalium & terreftrium copiarum du- multo magis excitata cft rerum incremento. 

ces expetiiflc. Qiium dicentem eflet afl^en- Adjunfta erat comitas, cujus unius accefllone 

fus Sc admurmuratio confequuta, adhorta- fuie funt munera grata. Hujus pauca exem- 

tioque 6c contentio amicorum, impulfus rex pla recenfebo. P^onibus pra^feiStus Arifto, 

in eam fententiam exiliit, coronatufque 6c quum hoftem obtruncafl^et, oftendifl^etque ei 

ca- 



56 



AAESANAPOS. 



ojut:^, Taro, «Trsi/, « (hcL^r^MVj Trct^' YifMiv oMnodfjLCLT^^ X?^^^ TifJLoircu 
To (^&)^ot/. ' kKi^a.vS"^(^ yi7^.ci(TCLg, m^ yg, «ttsi/, gyw J^g crot ^gfov 
ctJCg^V» Tt^omoiJLca. tSiv q 7io7\7\m Tig MauS^ovotiV nXcwvev v^fxiovoVj |2>cto-;A<- 

XOl/ ^^^yO-J^OI/ KO/bLH^OvJoL' KCtfJLVOvl^ Q T» Kllwagy CWTOg d^^t^(^ QMO/JLl^i 

To (po^Tiov. IS^cov «y ^flt(rtA<l)V ^At^of/^ov oa;Voi/ (r(poS'^, j^ Tru^-oju^©-- 

TO TT^yiJLOL, fJLi7J\0v\(^ mTCiTlS-i^j My) KCL^y^gj «TTgl/, aAAct TT^^ig 'iri 

tIw KoiTrlw oi^ov, zRn tIw (r>iLujyjV (noLVTw tSto x.oixi(rcLg. oA&)? q J^';^OgTo 
Tole' ^»5 7.oLfjL^civmi iJLai,7\Kov n Tolg cutSctiv. k^ <i>(iiKi(t)vi f^ ly^-^ev cBi- 
<^o7\lwy (idg « ;:^^«a-o')u6||U(^ ouuid ^i7\(^ to hoiTToVy ei i^LOd^oho Toig x^^Sj^- 
Tag. 'Ei^TriodVi o TOdV >W (T(pcti^g tiv) vscLvidKCtiv ^S^v gcT/cTa, cj\ct to fjLn- 
^sv cdriiv. c^g Ji/ «V tq (rcpouejil^iv ^^'jlpofAp(^ Zi^TridiVy aAAot? g^ci- 

Ag TnV (T(pOU^V' d7T0v\(^ 3 t5 /2»Ct(r<Ag4)? , g/^oi Q a J^/c^6)f 5 b! ^ CMTgi^", 
«TTgV. TyVo) JW^' oT») yi7\CL<T0L?i 7ro7\XcL hi^CiiKiV. Tl^OdTiCl Q TiW T&J^V <'E8fe< 

iTKOdfjLfJLcLTOL j^ TToVoi' b';c oLjULii^rodVj iS^o^iV <^i o^yrig yeyovivcii. T&V Q (piT^OdV 

hofBpOdVj KClKeiVii (^OLK^VoHJ^^ , t(pyi ^kCL7\KcLT\i^' KciK{iv(^j iiK^V, «TTgJ/, 
to jSotO-tAgtJ, cToV Ti ^Ot TTlfOJ/ TT^^TOV. QJKiK^TiV \iV OUUT^ TTivli TOLKOLvIoL 

So^nvou. ^ztfei T(^y Toig (pi7\oig k^ Tolg (T0diLL(XT0(pv7\OL^i ve/bLOf^odv TrAa- 
Toov, Yi7\iKov eix^v oFkov, ifjL(poilvei S^i cBi<^o7\Y\g 'OKvfjLTridg , «i/ g^^^.xj/gi/ 
TT^og ouuTov. aKKoig, (pY](T\v, iv TToiei T^V (piK^g ^ hc^o^(^ dy&' vuju J"' 
\tTo^cL(T\,7\icLg lidvlciLg vroieig, k^ 7roKv(piKioLg (Z^(TK<^dl^eig ouuToig, (TiouuTov 
Q l^nfJLo^g. TtoKKdug q toiolvtcl -^ 'OKvfiTtidS"^ y^oL(p'J(TYig , s^pv^oL-fnv 

caput, Hoc donum, rex, inquit , apud nos lam aliis : cui ubi dixit rex, Quin mihi das ? 

poculo aureo peniatur. Arridens Alexander, Non petis, inquit. Rifit rex, atque ampla 

Nempe vacuo, inquitjEgo vero plenum me- largitione eft eum profequutus. Proteae cui- 

ro tibi propino. Gregarius quidam Macedo dam in difteriis inter pocula non infeftivo 

mulum onuftum auro regio agebat. DcFefTo videbatur infenfus. Q_Lium deprecarentur a- 

jiimento farcinam ipfe in humeros fublatam mici pro eo, atque ille lacrymas profunderet, 

portabat. Vidit rex onere opprefTum, ac re redire dixit fe cum eo in gratiam. Tum ille, 

intellecta, quum ille id depofiturus effct, Ne Igitur rex, inquit, pignus primum mihi ali- 

defatigeris, inquit, fed abfolve reliquum iti- quod ejus rei dato. Atque huic quinque ta- 

ncris, atque in tentorium tuum hoc defer. lenta juiiit numerari. In ditandis amicis 6c 

Omnino fuccenfebat mugis, fi non accipcres, ftipatoribus fuis quam fuerit prolixus decla- 

quam fi pofceres. Phocioni enim per literas rat Olympias epiftola quam ad eum fcripfit : 

mandavit, fi non admitteret dona fua, re- Bene merere alias, inquir, de amicis, 8c fplen- 

nuntiare ei fe amicitiam. Serapioni uni cx dore utere. Enimvcro nunc omnes regi ef- 

grege eorum qui fecum lufitabant pila, quia ficis pares, multofquc amicos eis paras, te- 

nihil petebat, nihil largiebatur. Quum au- metipfum vero reddis folitarium. Ea quiim 

tem ad ludum accciiifle: Serapion, adjecit pi- idencidera ad illura fcriberet Olympias, ferva- 

bat 



A A E S A N A P O S. 57 

>Wpp«T(5t TOL y^fjLfjLCtTCt. TThriV OLTTa^ 'H(pMg-MV(^, (^G-TTS^ «'&)0«, ?kV^U~ 

(TOLV (Mi^^oXyjv avT^ crujuciVoLym(ry.ov]<^j ^x, (McwAuo-gf, otAAot tov S^olxIv- 

hlOV 0L(piK0lAp(^ TOV OLVT^y T^^Q^Ti^m^V T^ CM^VH <rOfjLOLTt TYlV CT^p^OLylS^OL, 

Mct(^cM» T» jULiyi^a (^9« AoL^dcd 'j^iJofApa ttouS'] (roLT^OLnactv tx°^^> 

S^djTi^V TT^CTSTiQei jud(^OVOL. C^f^lTiil^^ 3 CMeiV^ dmVy 6) (2>CtG-lMVy 

TOTi [^ Iw ^? AoL^ii(^, vuju 3 (Tv TToAAaV mTToinm? 'AM^oivJ^^ag. HoL^fjLi- 
vim fjSp ^v Tov BoLyodii i^m^v oJkoVj h a Asyg^ t^ (skJi 2aV6)i/, ^^^iA/iwv 
TOL7\oiv\oiiv S^iB-luJca lfj.oLTi(7jbLov. TT^g ^' ' KvliTroLT^v 'iy^(pev ynKSjm 
iX^v (pvAamg tQ (roifJLaT(^, c^g cRi^aTKdjof^ov. tw q //«Tgi ttoTkKol 
ju^' k^od^eiTO -^ mTiTrifjLTriV, iix, eia 'j TToT^vTr^yfjLoviiv, ac^g r5^f£^7«- 
y^v' 'sfmKiicrYig q, Tr^acdg i(pi^iv tIw x^^MTroTYjTa. TrT^.lu) aTra^ ttots (JLa- 
K^v 'KvlmdTe,^ mT ajuTYig y^-^avl^^ (zJ^^oTkLu) oivayvQg, oiyvoeiv eimv 
'AvJivraT^Vi on fJLveiag cRis-oTKoig h (^olk^vov cl7ra7\ei(pei fJLYiT^g. 

'E7r« TaV (^ oujTov iod^ 7ravloi7ra(riv QjKTiT^v(pY]KOTag, itj (po^n- 
;t«V Tcug S^icuTcug kou vroTwTiT^eiaig ovlag, &)Vg "Ayvma fj^ tov Tmv 
d^yv^Qg od ToHg K^Y)7rl(7iv Ythag (po^eiv, AsovvoiTco q 7roA7\cug KafJLY\7\oig om 
A'iyv7f]ii Koviv dg tol yvfJLVcLaia c^KOfxi^i^, ^i7\mcL q 7r^g B-n^g 
cra^ictiv iKaTov cw7\ouag yiyovivca, ftu^w q x^^f^^^^^ '^^^ ^6^^ oLT^etfi. 
fjLa Kcd 7\iiT^v 'cKTng >iS\ 'i7\ou(d, TeATflag ^\ kou KaTdjva<^clg (U^a- 
yofj^ag, i7riTifJLY](riV w^ctoog kou cpiAoo-oCpft)? , ^oujfjLoi^eiV (poipij(^ , « 
TocniTng Yiyoiivtn-f^ot kou TYiT^tK^Tng oiyodvag, 4 fjcvYifjLovSjiidtv oti 'P^S Ka- 

Ta' 

bat in abdito epiftolas : nifi femel Hephsefti- mel autem quum prolixas literas Antipatri 

oni ( ut aftlieverat ) folutam epiftolam fecum illam criminantis perlegiflet, latere dixit An- 

legenti non vetuit, verum detrafto digito tipatrum, fexcentas epiftolas una deleri ma- 

anulo figillum ori illius admovit. Mazasi, cu- tris lacrymula. 

jus apud Darium fumma fuerat gratia, filio Quum autem amicos fuos in totum ccr- 

fatrapias prxfefto, alteram adjecit amplio- neret luxu perditos, viftuque 8c fumptibus 

rem. At ille recufans ait, Tunc, O rex, u- licentiores, atque Agnoneni Teium clavis ar- 

nus erat Darius, nunc tu multos effecifti A- genteis fuffigere crepidas, Leonato multis ca- 

lexandros. Parmenioni donavit Bagox do- melis pulverem ex iEgypto ufque ad exerci- 

mum, in qua ad cultum pertinentium veftia- tationes fupportari, Philotam ad venationem 

rium mille talentorum invenit. Antipatro centum ftadiorum aulceas habere, unguento 

per literas mandavit ut cuftodes corporis ad- plures quam oleo delibutos ad lavationes fic 

verfus infidias adhiberet. Matri dona mul- unftiones ire, trahere eos fecum fri6tores 6c 

ta mifit : caeterum interdixit ei rebus fe in- cubicularios, caftigavit eos placide & philo- 

gerere, vel ducis munera vendicare. Expo- fophice, mirari fe dicens ipfis, qui tot 8c tanta 

ilulantis fecum leniter tulit acerbitatem. Se- certamina decertaviflent, raemoria excidifle, 
VoL. IV. H Eos 



58 AAESAKAPOS. 

TCLTroVYi^ivloiy o\ mTdtov^cravleg ««^ioi; KcjL^^S^ncnv' ^^\ o^odCh Tolg Tli^(rm 
^loig T^g kcw^ (^^^dT^hovlig^ on i^ahimTOTov f^ gg-i to T^vCpxVj (ioL~ 
(TkT^imTaTov To Trovetv. y.cuToi> w£g cLv ng) iCpviy <h' kcwT^ B-i^Trdjcrmv 

'iTTTroV, n hofxl^ dmiTHiV-, « K^v(^j dTTH^imi; tS (piKTCLT<i (TC^^CJLT<^ 
CLTrlt^ TCtg X^^?'^^'} ^^ *'5"g5 «TTgJ/, OTl tS K^CtTiiv TTi^g YifJUV g$Tro (JLn 

TcwTa TToieiv TOig KSK^ctTYipiJoig-j ImTeiViv af gVt fXtx.7\Xov avTog icwTov C/V 
'Tdug ^^a.Telcug y^ Toug Kiwnyio-ioug, KaKOTraS-^v jt, ^z<^^aAAo|U^(^' doiTTS- 
j^ AciKCdva 7r^e(TQ<^Tlw fz^^-^ojuo^uov aviu Xiovla KaTa^dXhovli fjiiyav 
elnciy, KctK^g ye 'AXi^av^^s Tr^g tov KiovJa nyadVKrcu cs^ Tag ^acrihci- 
ct?. T^To To Ktwnyiov KfctTS^V eig AsAcpaV dvi^mev, ciKovag x^^>^dg 7roin~ 
(rdfj^(^ T^ Mov]^ j^ 1^^ KvviSv, k^ tS (iaiTihwg tw hiovh (rtwi<^m^y 
Kj avT^ 7F^oG-^on^Sy](^' &v m [^ Av(rm7i;(^ gVAotcrgi/, m cTg A^odyyc 

^ng- ' ' 

' ATxi^av^ej^ \^ "iiv \cwtov d(TKU>v dpua ^ T^g d.70\^g Tra^^twm n^g 
d^iTlw QMivS^vuuSjiv' ol Q (^piAoi ^id 7rhHTov )lj o{kov nSn Te,v(pdv (hnKopii-. 
voi j^ yohd^civ-, e^a^vvovJo Tag Tihdvag k^ Tdg <7^aTeiag, Kj k^ (jlik^ov ar« 
TT^nh^ov eig to (^Xaircpnpeiv Kj KaK&g Myav clvtov. o q /t, 7rdvv ^r^clodg 
c^ d^yjn TT^og Tavra Mkcito, (pdcrKUiv (^a^rihiKov evjou to KaKCdg dK^eiv 
iv TToiQvJa. KcuToi Ta i^ jULiK^oTaTa 'P^ 'j^ofMpm Tolg (Ttwn^eai Ttag 
clvtS, crnpLeia fj,iydhng V7rn§x^^ dJvoiag k^- Tifxng' cdv ohiya c^^^mo- 
fjLGU. tlt^Kig-oL f^ ty^a^^sv , fJLifjL(popp(^ oTi S^ix^^'^ ^"^^ d^KJa, Tolg 

fxlv 

Eos jucundiiis alios qui fatigant quam futif- cra ex Jere leonis, canum, regis cum leone 

centes quiefcere : neque animadvertere Perfa- congrcfll, & fuum ei fuccurrentis, facienda 

rum raoribus aequiparantcs fuos, nihil efle fei-- locavit: quorum Lyfippus partem , parteni 

vile magis quam indulgere deliciis, nec ma- fecit Leochares. 

gis regium quam laborcs fufcipere. Et qui- Ita Alexander quidem dum femetipfumpa- 

dem qui cures, inquit, tua opera equum, vel riter exercet, Sc incendit alios ad virtutem,in 

haftam galeamve polias, fi inducere animum pnecipites cafus dabat fe. Amici vero ejus ob 

non potes ut corpori, quo nihil charius, ad- opes 8c faftum voluptatibus indulgere 8c otio 

moveas manus ? An ignoratis finem nobis affe£tantes, tsdebat errorum & expeditio- 

vincendi effe, ne eadem ac vifti fiiciamus? num. Unde paulatim ad obtre6tandum ei 8c 

Igitur kborem ipfe intendit, in expeditioni- allatrandum funt progrelfi. Quod ille primuih 

bus 6c venationibus fubigens corpus fuum 8c tulit leniter,regium eflc ferens, quum benefe- 

p'ericuh"s exponcns : ut Spartanus quidam le- ceris, male audire. Et quidem benefafta mini- 

gatus, qui afliftebat, quum conficeret gran- ma ejus in amicos ingentis fueruntbenevolen- 

dem leonem, diceret, Mafte Alexander ifta tiiC 8c honoris, quem ilUs habebat, fignificatio- 

cum leone de regno pugna. Hanc venatio- nes: quorumpaucaattexam. Moleftumfibi efl!e 

nem Craterus Dclphis dedicavit, ac fimula- mandavit per literas PeuceftcE, morfum ab urfo 

ipfum. 



AAESANAPOS. 59 

-^ov To %S>(; £;^«?) >9 /W.« rtVg^ o-g t6)i/ (TvfKUJuyiyiTiiv^im g/^otTsAwoi/, iW cf*/- 
x/ty cr&)o-{i/. Tol? ^afe^' 'U.(pcu?ict>vcL ^id vr^^eig Tivdg dii^dkv ty^a-^iv, 
on Tfoul^ovJcdV cwT^ TT^V i;:^!/^'(Uoi/ot, 73i) ris^c^t^c^ia j^o^Tiw ^afeiTrso-tot/ 
K^Tg^j? T^V /an^^V k^c^B-i). n^Ki<^ct cro>Mv\(^ 'ix. tlv(^ d^iVHCLq, 
iypj.-^iv -n^g 'AM^mTTov tov Iolt^v <^';^ote/$-<yi/. K^.t^S q voaQvJ^y 
o-^iv iJ^c^v xad' uVi/oi/, cwTog ts Tivdg B-vcricLg %^viv vttI^ cwT^y Kctmvcd 
B-va-cu cAii7\<^j(rsv. ly^-^e q 5^ HouKravici. tw lciT^cd (^nXoiM^a) tov K^- 
Tg£^'i/ lh.M'^oeJ'0'cUy Td fjS{j dycoviCdVy Td o n^^^vm oTrcdg '^(^^wnTcu Tn 
(poL^jVLctKeicL. T»V TT^iWTb? t/^w 'A^TTctAsS (pvyluj y^ ')kToS'^(Ti>v dTtcfSyd- 
Actfe 'g^«o-gt/, 'E(pidATlw Kj KioTov, cdg KaTOL-^i^^^of^ag tQ dvi^^g. sTrei 
3 T^g diSnvQvJoLg ouJtQ >^ yipjvJag «V okov >^fsAAo!/7©-', EJ§uAo;:^(^ 
Alyai(^ dviy^-^iv Iouutov elg T^g vo(r&v]ag, eha (pco^^elg i^^v iiSh 
Koxov, c^jULoKoymiv Ti7\i(Tinnag l^av, Kj crujueTTaKoX^^iiV oJ^ ^dKaorav 
ctTTtsV»)? cAieivY]g, ^cdTn^nv rivcdv dvS-^cdTTCOv W) To yaucuov. dK-d(Tag q oVi 
'^ l7\M^(tiV iTou^&v, 'HjULdg juV> «Trgi/, &) Ei/§JAo;^g, (iwui^Uivlag e;^«$* 
o^ 07r6e)? %ei^cdi^ n S^cJi^ig n T^oyoig tIlv Ti7\i(Tinnav, ineii^nin^ S^ 
l7\dj^i^g Wiv. 

QouufJLd(Tcu 3 outJTov Wiv, oTi )^ fJLiX^J^ TOiiiTCdV <fm<^o7\ch Toig (pi7\oig 
io/oha^TiV, oia y^(pei, %cLi^a 'EiAdjKH elg KtAiJctai/ ^^mh^^KOTa Ki- 

h(^CdV 

ipfum, quod aliis fcripfiflet, fibi non fignifi- verunt in vincula conjecit, Ephialtem & Cif- 

cafiet} At nunc certe, inquit, fcribe, ut va- fum, tanquam mendacia de eo nuntiantes. 

les, 6c num qui te fociorum in venatione de- Quum infirmos & a;tate graves domum re- 

feruerunt, ut poenas dent. Hephxfi:ioni ob mittcret, Eurylochus autem yEgxus retulif- 

certa negotia abfenti, pugnantibus per ludum fet fe inter segrotos, inde compertus nuUa 

jpfis cum ichneumone, Craterum fcripfit in morbo teneri, Telefipp^e amore confeflus ef- 

lanceam Pcrdiccas induifle fe, vulneratumque fet fe deperire, ac comitari ad mare velle ab- 

in utroque femore fuifle. QLmm Peuceftas euntem, qucefivit cujus conditionis mulier 

ex morbo quodam revaluifTet, ad medicum eflet. Audito meretricem liberam efie, Ha- 

Alexippum fcripfit agere fe ei gratias. Crate- bes nos Euryloche, inquit, tibi in amore fii- 

ro xgrotante, quum vifio efi^et ei per quietem ventes: at tu da operam, quandoquidem li- 

oblata, & ipfe pro filute ejus facrificavit, &: bera eft Telefippa, ut vel donis vel verbis 

illum juffit idem facere. Paufanias medico eam inducamus. 

fcripfic, ubi elleboro eum purgare Craterum Mirum vero eft vacafle eum etiam hac- 

accepit velle, parrim a;ftuans, partim admo- tenus amicis, literas ut hujufcemodi mit- 

nens quemadmodum medicamentum propi- teret, cujufcemodi fcripfit : Seleuci pue- 

aaret. Illos qui Harpali fugara primi nuntia- rura qui in Gliciam profugerat , impe- 

H z rans 



6o AAESANAPOS. 

K^m oiva.(!\)TY\(ToUi v^ Il^)ii<^cai iTrcuvcSv, on ]<^imvoL K^n^Q ^^"hov crujui- 
Act^gv* iu M.iyoL^cv^c^ (^ tS B-i^nov\(^ ra c^ t^ k^a KoL^il^ofjSfii, xg- 
X(^m cLUTov, av ^twYiTcti, (Tv7<hcL^iiv i^OD ra ke,^ 7r^;taAg(7ctjuS^u©^, ht q 
Tt^ k^c^ jULYi 7r^(roL7f]e^. hiyiTou 3 j^ Toig S^img ^ioLzeJivodv iv oi^x^ "^^'^ 

B^CLVOLTlKoig, tIw X^''^^ "^ ^'"^^" "^ Wi^Od TT^U-tMvcU tQ KGLTYiyo^H Ag- 

yovl(^, oTTCdg itS mJ^vuu^ovli m^oL^v (pvAoLTinTcu Kj ctS^ict^MTov. aAA 
v<^i^v yi ouuTov cJi,eT^x^^^ ^ ttoTkTkgu (^iol^oKcu, S^id '^ olKyj^oov ttolp- 
oS^odv 7ri9iv cJm TOL "^djS^ Aa^S(rca. k^ iulolAi90l KOLmg oLKiioiv, S^Is-olto 
tS (p^viiv, Kj ;;^otAg7roV Iw k^ 0L(d^iTYiT(^, clt& (^yi tIw J^o^olv olvt) tS 
Qv Kj r' (^oL^TiheioLg nyoLitYimg. TOTi c^« cJ^YihouiViV cJm AoL^mv, &)V TToLhiv 
fjLOLX^if^^' oLKii(roLg tLuu -^sm B«Va ^ofjS^jliuj ouut^ (TvKhYi-^iv, oivri- 
hv(TiV T^g QiorahQg oIkoli^s, ii^ihioL ToihoLvia i^od^idv cJhfJLiT^woLg roLlg 
lJH^o(po^ig. TT^og o tIw (^iod^iv ct^ycthioLV k^ (jLolk^v ^^ofjSflw (ivhytot 
y6 YifJLi^ig l7r7rcc(TOLTo TeAXihiag k^ TejLOLKo^Tiag ^^oLS^iag) djiYiyoe^i^^TOLV (jSp 
oi TThii^oi, K^ uoihi^oL K^ tIw dvv^e^oLV. h^oL cTh MaKiJ^^iVig Tiv\g dnYivlYi- 
(Tav ouuT^, U(^6t)^ c^ d(TKoig l(p' YifLLiovm KoyLilJpvlgg ^hro^ tQ 7roTafjLH' tL 
B-ia(TdfJ^oi, Tov 'Ahi^avS^^v n^^n fJLi(TY\fjL^eiag iiCTYig KaKoog \W (^i-^ag 

iX(>^(^-> T(^X^ 7rhYI(TdfMp0l K^V(^ 7r^(TluJifKaV. TrV^OfJ^H i) OUUT^ Ti(TlV 

xofxilJpiiV, vioig, i(pa(Tav, IJ^ioig' dhhd <ra IJodv]©^, iTi^ng Trom^ofjLi^a, K(kv 
cAteiVag ""STioKi^TOdi^. TcwTa otxaVct?, \Xa^iV «V Tag x^^^'^ '^^ Kpdv(^' 
fckA^hi-^ag k^ 3-2ctcrot|u^©- t«V ^afei ouutov iTtmig d^ravlag eFKiKhi- 

Korag 

rans requiri: Peuceftam commendans, quod accepit a Benb, Theffiilos remifit in patriam 

fervum Crateri Niconem corripuifltt: Me- ac duo millia talentorum ftipendiis eorum 

gabyzo de fervo qui ad «dem facram confu- cumuli dono adjecit. Dum confectatur 

gerat, jubens, fi queat, extra templum ut in- Darium in itinere laboriofo & prolixo (nam 

vitatum occuparet, in templo ne ei injiceret diebus undecim tria millia trecenta ftadia 

manum. Jam initio quum judicia capitalia confecit,) plerique laffitudine funt confefti 

difceptaret, fama tenet manum eum alteri auri & prrefertira aqux penuria. Ibi occurre- 

dum diceret accufator admovere folitum, reo runt ei Macedones quidam , qui aquam in 

ut alteram integramSc intaftam fervaret a ca- utribus a flumine mulis portabant: confpi- 

lumniis. Cteterum poft crebras calumnis per cientefquc Alexandrum medio jam die fiti 

veros tramites ad mendacia fidem accipientes maceratum, impleverunt confeftim galeam 

exafperaverunt eum: prtccipue vero quum eique obtulere. Requirente eo quibufnam 

ferraonibus fuorum carperetur, mentis impos aquam afi^errent : Liberis noftris, refponde- 

fiebat,f£evufque erat atque inexorabilis: nem- re: verum te incolumi alios gignemus, e- 

pe qui gloriam vitae & regno anteferret. Por- tiamfi hos amiferimus. Sub quorum difta 

ro ea tempeftate in Darium, quafi proelium accepit galeam. Caeterum circumlatis ocu- 

denuo initurus, perrexit. Quem ut vindum lis, ubi vidic qui ipfum comitabantur equi- 

tes 



AAESANAPOS. 61 

TiOTOLg Tciig u(pa.7\ou?, j^ Tr^g ttotov (^KiTroyJa?, Imi^odyLiv, a Trim, dAXa. 
h7rcuvi(roLg tQ<; cLv^^odTt^^;,^ Kv y:) ouuTog, iCpn, Triod /ulov^^, ct^vfx.ri(rii(riv ^toi. 
B-ia.(T(i\^oi Q tIw kfK^oLTetav cu/tQ k^ ^iyaKo-^vxicLV oi hTrfig, dyetv 
(ivU^..yov 3-oLJ)j)Qv}a, k^ t»V 'iTrTrag ifJLoi^kl^ov' iiTi y) mfjLvetv, iiTi ^'i-^a.v, 
fefd' oAw? S-i/nraV ^vou vo/llHhv ouuTQg, 'toag oiv l^^'^^ (ia(n7\ia. TotSTov. 
'H fjQp Sv TT^^vibLia TToLvJoiiv huu ofjLoia, jULovag <H (paatv k^movla (rtuiez- 

TTicilV dg TO <FP^T07[iS'0V '^ TTOAijLLiodV. tv^OL ^Y\ TTOKVV fJ^J (jieyV^V J^ 

X^vcrov ly^tfjLfj^ov vTri^^ouvovJig, 7to7\K(lg q TtcdS^odv yi^ ymuDumv cL^fjLa- 
fJLOL^ag Y)Viox(^v k^rifjLiig ^ia(pi^i^0Lg 7rct^g^;;^o|U^ot, t»V TT^o^Tng l(^iOdx.ov, 
6)V cv cMeiVoig Aa^siov ovIol. fJLoTKtg q «^'gio^xg^ TroKT^odV oiaovJKTfjLoLTOdV Ka- 

TCtTtXiOdg TO (TOdfjLa, KelfjSfj'^ CV d^fJLafJLcL^y), fXlK^V ^^TKeiTTOdV t5 Ti7\Sj- 
Tob. OflOdg Q K^ TTiiiv \]TY)(TiV, )^ 7ii(^V ij<^Od^ "^^X^^i ^^"^^^ "^^^ '^^^ S^OvloL 

TloAv^^Tov, 'H, d.v^^ct)7ti, tSto fjLoi Tik^g ykyoviv ^vtJTv^^icng d^^a^rng, 
^ Tra^iiv, dfJLH-^a.^ fjLYi (S^ujudfj^ov' ctAAa ' AK.i^avS'^(^ >c7Z)J\e)V« croi 
tIw ^^agzf 'A^vgJctyJ^^w 01 Qio), "^ elg fjLYiTi^ k^ yvuudlKa -^ Traii^ag 
T«V ifJL^g cBieiKeiag, w tdujtLuu S^iJ^odfjLi tUv <h^idv S^td' (t^. TouJTa eiTTOdV 
j^ haCo(j^(^ -^ tQ T[o7\.v9^T<i xeteog cJ^iAi^nv. 'A7\i^avi'e'^ 6)V £7r«A- 
B-iV, d7\ySiV Ti t4 TrdS-et (pavi^og Iw, v^ tIw iauri yXafw^cL 7\v(rag 
k7fi<^a7\iv t4 (rodfj.aTi, yt; «ttfetg^-^^^gi/. j^ Bnorov juSjjJ v<^i^v ^^odv (^n^rCpiV- 

Sm(TiV, O^SiodV i^iVi^^^OiiV «f TaJTO KafA,(p^ivl(tiV haTi^Ct) fJLi^(^ 7r^(Ta§TYl~ 

(rag 

tes capite inclinato potum refpicientes, red- culis, in curru jacens prope jam moribun- 

didit illis aquam non guftatam, laudavitque dus: potum tamen poftulavit. Ut frigidara 

eos. Nam ego, inquit, fi folus bibero, hi e- hauiit, illum qui porrexer;it, Polyftratum af- 

languefcent. Regis confpicati equites conti- fatus eft, Hic mihi terminus, quicunque es, 

nentiam 6c m:\gnitudinem animi, duceret, & omnis eft infelicitatis, quod beneficium ac- 

bono animo eflet, vociferati funt, 6c equos ceptum nequeam rependere. Verum referet 

verberarunt : neque fatigari fe neque fitire, Alexander tibi gratiam : Alexandro Dii im- 

fed nec mortales ducere efle, quod talem ha- mortales, quod tam humaruis in genitri- 

berent regem. cem, uxorem & liberos meos fueritj cui 

Alacritas erat quidem omnium par, fed fo- hanc dextram te interprete porrigo. Ita 

los fexaginta ferunt Alexandrum in caftra ho- fatus, apprehenfa Polyftrati manu exfpira- 

ftium pcrfequutos. Ibi vim magnam auri 8c vit. Poftquam fupervenit Alexander, non 

argenti projedi fupergredientes, multa vehi- obfcure indoluit huic mifero cafui, chlamy- 

cula puerorum mulierumque aurigis deftitu- demque fuam folvit, eaque injefta corpus 

ta 6c vagantia prjetervefti, primorum tergij involvit. Beflum poft comprehenfum dila- 

inh^ferunt, in illis rati Darium efl"e. Vix< ceravit, direftis arboribus duabus in unum 

tandem invenitur corpove mukis confoflb ja- deflexis, quarum utrique corporis partem 

S alli- 



62 A A E ^r A N A P O S. 

TT^OITnKOV OJJT^ |Wg^'^ VeijULOLcdt, TOTi ra Aa^iihS TO lB{J (TOdllJLOi Ki.X.OfTfMn-' 

}jSpov ^aa-tAimg n-i^o; tIw (,'j/iTi^ dmg-eiMv, tov j dh7\(pov 'lL^d^e,l>^ 
ck tbV iTcu^Hg dvi7\a.^iv. 

KvTog 3 ^ -^ dKiijLmoTdTyi; ^twdfj,i(£>g elg 'T^mvlav mTi^ouvi' y^ 7rg- 
l\dy6g \^m KohTfov-, ii>i IhdTlova [^ tQ HovJa (pa.viv}a, yTwKVTi^ou ^ 
-^ dhKi^jg S-ahdT]r,g, (ra(pBg fAp a/ai/ i^iv ttuSsc^ c^ ctJr^, ittctAi^a o 
eim(ri -f Mc^.ij^ti^<^ 7\ifJLvr,g dvaMTTYiv etvai. KouTot T^g ye (pv^riK^g dv~ 
^^.g iiK sAaOs TctA«OW> ciAA(X 7ro7\7\olg iTi(nv ifjLn^o^iV t' 'AXi^dvS^n 
^■^.Teiag Wo^y\m(nVi otl Tiordeftiv Ko7\7r(f)V «Vg^^^oi/lfit))/ ^s^ra -^ g^6) ^a7\dosY\!iy 
^o^eiOTaT^ ^Tog Wtv, to 'T^Kdviov 7ri7\ay(^ v^ Kotczzriov ofjL^ 7r^o(Tayo^6\i- 
oij^pov. cvJavS-a -^^' (ia^^d^&iv Ttvlg d7r^o(rJ^oKYiT6i)g f^^Tv^ovJeg Tolg dynirt 
Tov mTvov avTH Tov BiiKs(pd7\av XafJL^dvn^riv. 6 ^ iivepKsv a iuLiTeJ,ct)g, d7\~ 
7\d KY)^vKa TVifjL-^ag-, meiXY)iTsv 7rdv\ag ))<7PiKlmh jwj Tmodv j^ yiuicuKooVy 
ei Tov ^TTTUov avi4 1^^ dva^rijur^eiav. iTtei q Kj tov 'iTrTvov avTW dyovlig yikov, 
Kj Tag 7io7\eig sfxefejiO^v^ig, 2;:^f«VaT0 (piAav^^ooTriog Tracrh J^ Ta mTra Ay- 
T^ Tolg 7\a^Sa-iV IS^ce^Kiv. 

'Evl^j^-iV eig tIw na^^iKluu dval^^^^ag j^ c^o7\dfyv, TT^mov cJViS\j(raTo 
tIw ^a^^aejt>Khjtj s-oAluUi ciTe (^ii7\opf(^ ouutov (rtwoiKuSv Tolg STnyja- 
ejioig vofj.oig, oog fjLiya ir^g S^YifJL^oniiv dvB-^cdTrm to (rvvnhg y^ 6fio(pv~ 
7\ov' eiT ^^(MTrei^ Tig v(peiTo t' 7r^TKvvn(rmg cujtyi Tolg MctJcsc^oVi, KaTa 

fJ.lK^V 

alligavit: inde laxatae ambse, atque impetu cupant. Ibi barbari repentino incurfu exce- 

in ledem fuam relatx, partem fibi annexam perunt eos qui equum Alexandri Bucepha- 

retinuere. Corpus Darii regio cultum more lan ducebant. Quod ille haud moderate tulit, 

ad matrem cjus mifit. Fratrem ejus Exa- fed miflb caduceatore, ni remififlent fibi e- 

threm in cohortem rccepit amicorum. quum, omnibus necem cum liberis Sc conju- 

Hinc cum robore exercitus defcendit in gibus denuntiavit. Quibus equum ad eum re- 

Hyrcaniam. Sinum illic marisPonto (ut appa- ducentibus, urbefque fuas dedentibus, prte- 

rebat) invenit non minorem, fed caetero mari buit fe omnibus humanum : atque illis qui 

dulciorem. Verum certi nihil habuit de eo ceperant equum, pretium dedit redemptionis. 

difcere. Omnino conjecit Maeotin lacum il- Hinc Parthiam petens, quum in otio a- 

luc rcftagnare. Atqui non prarteriit rerum geret, primum veftem barbarieam fumpfit, 

naturahum fludiofos veritas, fed multis ante incertum, ut accommodaret fe incolarum 

Alexandri expeditionem annis fcripferunt de moribus, multum exiftimans valiturum ad 

quatuor finubus, qui ex Oceano fubeunt con- manfuefiiciendos homines, fi confuetudinem 

tinentem, hunc maxime ad Boream vergere. & patrios mores corura ufurparet : an ten- 

Hyrcanum pelagus Sc Cafpium pariter nun- lare hac re Macedonas, atque ad adoran- 

duui 



A A E S A N A P O S. 63 " 

tUkj yi ybihyhjtj Tf^moLTo T^avJoLTrcKnv, (^oi^^cteA^tluiJ k^ olAAokotov ^(tolVj 

»<^2 OLVOi^vei<^OLC, ^A 7idLV<PuJU3 ^!^ TtOL^V i?\.OL<^SV-, CLT^TkOL h) pLi(r(i) TWOL 1? 

T[ۤ(rm J^ '^ }An<^mg ibLi'^oLfjS{jog 6\j Trodg, oLTvcpoTi^v }^ cAteirVngy TcwTng 

^ (TO^(JL^(idTi^V ^(TCLV. SX^nTO Q TO {£{J TT^^TOV C,vJvFxcLVOt)V Tolg ^Ci^^dojig /^ 

Tolg hcu^ig kolt o)x.ov, htcl TOig ttoAAojV aVw? ci^iKcujvodv j^ ;:^^n//aT('5yv 
iCd^To. Kj hvTrn^ov |u6^u nv Totg MoLuJ^ocri to S-ioLjLLCL' tIuu q cjl?k7\Iw ouuth 
^ouupLcll^civlig oL^iTlw, ^ovJo hlv ma t^ w^og yi^ovIw ouum %^ ^o^olv S^- 
^^&i^glv. o<Tyi TT^og oLTrcLcriv Toig (i.7\7\oig, ivafx^ to^^^jllol i^ eig tIw mn- 

JUlIw "hOL^OdV, VCp' « T' Ki^KlS^ O^iOV "ikroB-^OUJo^iV S^i7ti(T^, 7\iS(jd Q TTAfJ- 

yeig itcL^w.v eig Tov T^;:^^wAot/, wVs jc, ToL^g o-vj/^trti/ dyTwSj xm^^yLiiv, 

(^^fJLHVOLCTOLV «V 07\iy0V X^^VOV, OfJLOdg «JC kT^OUUiTO x^^A^^ lcWT^ TT^og' ' 

r«V KiVtS^iwag ct^paS^&g, ciKAoi y^ tov 'Oe,i^cL^Tlw ^toL^dg TTOTOLfjLov, av cuu^ 
TfiV ^^'^'^ Toiveuv Hvctt, )t, t«V SWS-ct? Tfs\]/ot|u%j(^, s^icii^iv S-^ '^oLS^iiig 

hoLTOV, CJDOX^^A^'^ '^ (S^iOL^^jioicLg. 

"EvloUuS^OL Q TT^Og OUUTOV dCpmSj^ tIw 'AfJLd^OVOL o\ 7ro7\7\o] 7\iy^(T^V, wv 

j^ KKma^X^^g \<^iy ^ rioAuxe/T©^, j^ 'OvjKTiJcezT©^, v^ 'Avli^^ng, ilj^^W^og' 
' AejL^o<^ii7\.(^ Oj K) XoL^ng o oVa/^gA^^Vj jo TlTo7\ifj.al(^, >^ 'At^ltjcA^J^ji^, 
5^ <I>/A6)i/ 0«^cit(^, J^ ^/AtTTTT©^ ei(Tafyi7\Ajg' Tr^og o TiiTotg, 'Em- 

TaK^ 'E^iT&L^^i )9 0<At7r7r(^ O XctAji(cl^il)V, Ji, ABg/^ O ^OLfJLi(^, -K^^d^T-. 

•pLa(pa(Ti yiyovivcU tSto. )i^ f/.a^TV^iiv avTolghi}Civ'A7\i^av(^^^.'Av]i7roLT^&>- 

dum fe traducere, morumque patriorum fcr- fraftum excideret, rurfus lapide fecundum 

re cohverfionem Sc tranfitum in alienos vo- cervicem affliftus, ut caligo oculis ejus offun- 

luerit afluefacere. Habitum Medicum ta- deretur, qux non parvo fpatio tcnuit cum, 

men, quod prorfus barbaricus cflet £c alie- nufquam tamen parceret fibi in periculisj fed 

nus, repudiavit, nec anaxyridas vel candyn & tranfmiffb Orexarte amne, quem ipfe efle 

tiaramve fumpfit, fed medium inter Perficum arbitrabatur Tanaiin, fufos fugatofque Scy- 

5c Medicum fcite temperavit, minus hoc tu- thas, quamvis vcntris fluore infeftaretur, ad 

midum , 6c infolentiorem illo. Ufurpavit centum ftadia eft infeftatus. 
eum primum agens cum barbaris, ac fub Eo venifl^e ad eiJm Amazdnem perhibent 

te£to cum amicis, deinde eo cultu prodiit multi, inter quos Clitarchus, Polycritus, O- 

in publicum, ac quum vacaret poftulationi- neficritus , Antigenes, Ifter funt. Arifto- 

bus, confpiciendum ita dedit fe omnibus. E- bulus vero, Chares Ifangclus, Ptolemieus, 

rat acerbum id Macedonibus fpeftaculum : Anticlides, Philo Thebanus, PhiUppus If\a- 

fed miracuio dufti rehqu^e ejus virtutis, quas- gelus, infuper Eretrienfis Hecata;us, Phihp- 

dam putabant libidini 6c oftentationi conce- pus Chalcidenfis, Duris Samius, efle hoc 

denda ejus, qui prseter omnia aha quum nu- afl"erunt commentum j quibus adftipulari vi- 

per fagitta in crure iftus, ut os radii in- detur Alexander: fiquldeni Anlipatro om- 



nia 



6+ A A E S A N A P O S. 

y) ftTTCtl/V '/^(pOdV CtKeA^Od^y TOV f^ 'EkvB-LuU (pY](r]v OLVT^ MoVOU tLu)' 
^VyOLTio^ TT^Og yOLfjLOV, 'AjULOL^0V(^ a ILLVY)fJLOVdja. 7\iyQ 3 TToAAoi'^ 

X^ovoig 'Ovy](ri>teiT@^ v<ri^v Y]h\ ^oL(ri?\.djov}i AvfnfjLoLxoo t^ (^t^hm to 

TiTOL^TOV OLVOLyiVCi^CrK.eiV, CV (£> yiy^TrlcU fZcfet T' ' AfJLOil^OV^' TQV ^v Av(r(' 
fjLOLXOV OLT^ifjLOL fA,ei^lOL(rOLv}cC, KOU TtQ, (pCtVCUi TOTi nfJLUv 'iyOd j TOLVTOL 
fj^ ^V CtV Tig iiTi OLni<760V , YitIoV, ^Ti TTi^^eVC^V, fJLOLKXoV 'Axi^avS^^V ^OUU" 
fX0L(7eiiV. 

<t>oCiifjS{j(^ i) T»V M0LKi<^(iV0Lg, fJLYI «V TCt VZUdT^OiTTOL T' 9^TeioLg OLTTOL- 

yo^sv(rod(nv, to f^ ccXKo 7r7\Y\^(^ eioLdi. n^ X^&^^' '^^^ deJ-^^ag Ix^^v 

CV 'Xe,KOLvicL fJ.S iOUUTH, S^KTfJLVt^^g Tli^g V^ Te/^lAta? iTllliig, 7r^(7S^0tAg, 
7\iym, &)V VVV fB^ OLVT^g CJ^VTTVIOV t'^ (^OL^^Ct^OdV O^OdvJcdV' OLV Q fJ.OVOV TOL~ 

^'^oLvJig tLuu ' A(rioLV diriuxriv, cJ-k^Y^doiBpUiV iv^vg &)Wg^ yiwou^iv. a fj.lw 
.dhh' oimivcu ye TbV ^aAojuS^a? i(pY}, k^ fzoL^Tv^f^(^ oti tIuu o()c»|u^'«i/ 

Toig McLKiS^O^ri KloOfjS{j(^ 'efKOLT.OL7\i?\ei7floU fA^ T^ (pihCiiV Kj 'P^ 'iS-e7\ovJ(iJV 
<^^Ti,VeiV. TOLVTOL ^i^OV CLVToig OVOfJLOLG-lV h TM TT^oV ' AvHwOLT^V o^fO- 

Aw yiy^TrJcu, k^ oti, tolvtcl ei7rovJ(^ olvtQ ircLvlig cJ^iK^yov, o^ra |8»Ag^ 
"^ o'iKiifj8fY\g (jiyeiv. <^e^0Lf^cdv q TiiTbiV tLuu TTii^v, iiK m !w ;^aAg7roi/ 
%^OLX^^(^ "^^ 7rA«3"©-'j aAAct j)(i<S^ib)g 'i7^Y\Ko7\iiB-n<TiV. iiTO) ^y\ k^ tIuu S^i- 

CUTOLV 'in fJL0i7\7\6V OdfJLOi^TQ Toig ofkx^tJo^^ koUUTOV, CMeivoL Ti TT^^rY]'^ 

Toig MuKi(^oviKoig iS-e(riv, oLVOLK^(rei k^ KoivodvioL fioL7,7\ov i^i ivvoicLg koltol- 
^YKnStOU TOL 7r^yfX0LT0L VOfJii(jdV « fllct, fXCtK^V d7ruip^v](^ aVTS. <^iO 

nia exafte fcribens, Scytham ait fili^ fibi deceffifient Afia, mox adorituros illos vel- 

miptias obtulifle, Amazonis nufquam memi- ut foeminas. Veruntamen abire juffit, fi- 

nit. Fama eft multis annis poft Lyfimacho quis vellet, conteftatufque dum iVIacedoni- 

jam regnanti Oneficritum quartum librum bus orbem terrae fiibigit, ipfi) in negotio 

fuum recitaviffe, in quo meminit Amazonis, fe cum amicis 8c voluntariis militibus defti- 

ac Lyfimachum fubridentem dixifle, Et ubi tutum. Hxc pene ad verbum in epiftola 

tunc ego eram ? His five fidem detrahas, non ad Antipatrum perfequutus eft: qus quum 

eo Alexandrum minus, five adjungas, pluris dixifl*et, omnes conclamafll", duceret quo 

facias. terrarum vellet. Horum explorata volun- 

Porro timens ne ad reliqua expeditionis tate, proclive jam fuit inducere vulgus; quod 

torpefcerent Macedoncs, reliquam multitu- facile eft afl"enfum. Tum vero multo magis 

dinem reliquit in ftativis. Deleftiflimos ve- fe barbarorum moribus accommodavit, illof- 

ro quum in Hyrcania fecum haberet ad vi- que cum inftitutis commifcuit Macedonicis, 

ginti millia peditum & tria equitum, propo- temperatura £c communione ftabiliturum fir- 

fuit his a barbaris- nunc ipfos per fomnium mius fe per benevolentiam imperium exifti- 

tantum vifos efle. Quod fi commota tantum mans, quam vi, quum procul abfcederet. Ita- 

que 



AAESANAPOS. 6^ 

'EkTJjuuimy )^ yiaxi^ovuaig oTrAoig cvl^icpi^y 7roAA«? cJ^.g-ctTag KciTCL<^T^- 
<Tag. »9 Toi fZtfei 'fa^cLvLuu l^mi fjS^ iTr^x^^y kclaLuu Vj ui^iciv Iv Tm 
Xej^(^ ^<^^ "^oTov 6(pQei(rctv' iS^o^iV jj «;c dvct^fjLo^^ct Tolg "^jmmfj^oig 
HVou Tr^.yjbLaLG-iv. hS-ctjipn^roLV y) oi (^d^^ae^i. tm Koivmict tQ ycifjL^, 

%. TOV 'AM^OLvS^eS^ VTri^nycLTTYl^rOLV, OTl G-(i}(p^OVi'70LT(Sh' fZtfet TOUJTOL yi~ 

yov(^gy ^<S% Y\g fiovng «"fliiS-n ywudUKog dvdj vofia B-iyeiv vn^fJLHViV. 
g7r« 3 J^ tV ^iA&Ji/ lod^ T^ fiiyig-cov, 'Hipca^^imoL fjSf Ivrouv^vlaL yi, 

(rUfJ,fJ,iTOLX.0(rfjLiifAlJ0V OUJTW, K^T&^V Q '''0<^? WdTejioig ifJLf^0'vloC (^k 

cMeivii (j8{j ix^YifjLoiTkl^ Tolg (^oL^^oL^oig, (^ioi TiiTH 3 Tolg '^EKMori '^ Tolg 

MCLK^S^OO-I' K^ OKCdg, TOV jUC^U i(pihei fJLOLKl^^CLr TQV iTifJLOL' VOfJLl^Ct^V KCU 

"hkym oiei, tov f^ 'IKpowriodVoL, (p^KcLT^t^ctvS^^ov etvcu, tov q K^ts^V, 
ip<Ao^a(7iAga. (^io Kj Trejg oLKhnAng V7rii7\ct>g ^xovlig (rujuiK^aov TroKhdm. 
cincjL^ 3 (wd tLuu 'IvS^ikIw Kj elg x^&^'^ r\hQov, au^oL^roLfApoi tol ^icpn' Kj 

'^ (piXOdV hoLTi^Ci) Coff^^^oOn^iivJcdV, 7i:^0(Tihci(TCig ' AKi^OLV(^§(^ ihOlS^O^ei TOV 
'H^pCWyiodVOL (PoLV^Sg, tfVKM^OV KOLhCdV >t, fJLGUVOfnpoV, ii flY) cTUJuincriv a)V 

€0LV ng duutQ tov 'AAg^ai/J^^ov dcpihnTou, fxnS^iV Wiv. IS^ict q k^ tS K^ts- 
^H TTiK^^g KoL^n^^oLTo' )^ (TuvayoLym cuuT^g v^ iiaTO^.d^ag, Inc^fjLOTi tov 
"AfJLfxcdva >9 T^g dKKng Qi^g, n fiLuu fjLdhis-a (piXelv dvB-^c^nm dvrdvJcdV 
cjKeivag' dv q TtdK^v cuSrnTou S^ia^pi^ofB^ag, )^>iliveiv dfKpoTi^ng, n tov 

d^^d- 

que triginta millia deleftorum pucrorum li- dabat, illo barbaris.Et omnino hunc in maxi- 

teris Gr^ecis imbui ac Macedonicis inftitui mo honore habebat, illum maxime diligebatj 

armis curavit, quibus praepofuit multos prae- exiftimans 6c dicens perpetuo Hephxftionem 

ccptores. Atque Roxanes quidem nuptias Alexandri amantem,Craterum regisefte. Qua- 

conciliavit pr« amore, cujus eum fpecies propter exiftebant inter hos invicem ^mulos 

& forma aliquando inter pocula cepit ; non crebrx ofFenfiones. Scmel in India etiara ad 

alicnse prjefentibus negotiis habitse funt ta- manus venere diftriftis enfibus. Subvenienti- 

men. Quippe harum fcedere nuptiarum erex- bus utrique amicis accurrens Alcxander, pro- 

erunt fe barbari, miroque amore funt Alex- bris increpavit Hephxftionem, propalam fto- 

andrum profequuti, quod qui eflet in his con- lidum eum & amentem vocans, nifi intelHge- 

tinentiffimus, ne eam quidem, cui fuccubuit ret, fi quis ei dctraheret Alexandrum, aftum 

uni, attingere mulierem nifi legitime fufti- de ipfo efle. Privatim Craterum corripuit a- 

nuerit. Quum autem ex primis amicis cer- mare, reconciliataque ac reftituta inter eos 

neret his aflentientem Hephjeftionem, atque gratia, per Ammonem atque omnes Deos fan- 

ad inftitutum fuum fe accommodantem, Cra- <5le juravit eos fibi fupra omnes mortalcs cha- 

terum vero patriis infiftentem moribus, hoc ros efle: quos tamen fi iterum concertare per- 

interprete Grsecis 8c Macedonibus refponfa ciperet, ambos necaturura fe, aut eum initium 

Vo L. IV. I qui 



66 AAESANAPOS; 

7\.iyoy\oU' 

(^ihmcK; n(3t^|u^i6)i^^> d^iOijLtcL fj^ hx^v a> rolg Majtg^V* fjiiya,. 
x^ ^ 0LV<^§ei(^ i(^om Kj m^Tee/x-og eivou' (pihoJ^oi^Q^ jj «Vw )^ (piXiTou^(^ 

fJLiT CWTOV ' Ahi^OLvS^^OV iiiMg. 7^iy\) <^' ^V OTl 'P^ (TtWn^m Tmg CUTHvl^ 

ct^yveAoVj QMihAidi (^Svou' (pYi(roLv}(B^ 3 tQ ^ioiKnTQ {jly) ix^V) Ti hiyetg, 

HTTtVy M TTOTiieAOV i^^^^ ^'^' 'i".C)tVwj/ j ofm Q (p^OVYIfjLa.T(^ 3^ |Sot^« 
7rA«V», K) TM ^jfei TO (TOdfJLOL ^i^TTeiCL K^ (^IOUT^ X?^A^^ iTTOLxH^e^OV 

n KotT l^odTlw, K) TOTi cj^w To (ri^vov K^ y\]/«Ao\ b;t ipLfjLiX&gy olAK dv^ 
XcteJLTOdv t4 (^o7\oim j^ a^^(TYi^(d ftijW.yf/)fi©-'j \::sjo'^iav k^ (p^om iyir 

US^i 59 TloL^fjSljiddVOi TTQTi eiTTeiV TT^V CiVTOV, '12 TTOM, X^^^^ !^°^ 7''"^- ^T^^V 
OLVTOV ' Ahi^OLV^eS^ CM TTOLVV 7(o7\7\m ;^fOV&)l/ iTvfxoLVi ^lOL^il^AYIf^'^. 

OTi ^ TOL (Wtl AoLfJLOL(ry.ov laA&) ;^f«jttaTa, Z^ot^«y vm^ivJ'^ cm YiiXmcL, 

7ro7\7\60V a-CdjULOLTCdV KOIULl^ivl&iV «V TO ^F^^TOTTiS^OV, ^^iB-Y) yvVOUOV CM Tolg 

cux!JLa7.(iOToigi t^ juV ^^ TlvhcttoVj d^n^intg q tIuu o-^iv' z/KOLXetTo 3 

'AvJtyOVYI. T^TO iX^^ <l>iA6)Va?* oloL Q fg©-' TTfoV i^(t)fMpljUUy Kj (TVV OiVCO 
7ro7K7\OL (piT^OTkjLlOL Kj '^^O.TKeiTlKoi lIOiy^YidiCL^pfJLiV^, iOUJTii TOL /ULiyig-CL T^ 
i§y(t)V cl7ri<paiViV J^ tQ 7tOLT^0g' ' AT^i^OLvS^^OV O, jULeiP^KlOV OLTTiKOLAei, (h' 
OLVTHg TO '^ CL§X^^ OVOfJLOL KOL^TTiifliVOV. TOLVTCL '^ yUJUOLiKOg CJKCpi^iiarYig 

Tffog TiVoL -j^ (rujUYiB-odVy cAieiva q, wV eiKog, TT^og iTi^ov, c§eM7hiV eig K^- 
Ti^ov 7\oy(^' Kj 7\oL^(^v To ywjcLioVy ei^rnyoL-j^ K^v(poL TT^og 'AAe^cti'- 

J^^ov. 

qui dediflet. Unde ne per jocum quidem de- liavit & invidiam : ut Parmenio etiam ei ali- 

inceps alter alterum uUo difto vel fafto dici- quando diceret, Fac mihi, fili, ut deterior vi- 

tur laceflivifle. dearis. Hic jamdudum delatus apud Alexan- 

At Philotas Parmenionis filius autoritate drum fuerat. Quum enim Dario in Cilicia fu- 

inter Maccdonas fumraa erat. Etenim flre- perato, prxda capta Damafci fuiflet, multis 

nuus habebatur & laboris tolerans, munificus capitibus in cafl:ra addu6tis, mulier inter cap- 

autem & effufus in amicos adeo, ut fecundum tivos reperta fuit gencre Pydnxa, eximia 

Alexandrum ahus nemo. Ac fertur quum forma, Antigone difta. Hanc tenebat Phi- 

neceflarius quidam illius argentum ab ipfo lotas. Ut vero juvenis apud amicam & per 

pofceret, juffifle dari. Negante procuratore vinum, multa ambitiofe & miiitari effutiens 

efle, Quid ais, inquit, ne poculum quidem ferocia arrogavit, quicquid pr^clare effet 

aut vefl:em habes ? Csterum animi tumore & gefl:um fibi & patri : Alexandrura appellavic 

opum fupercilio, corporifque cultu Sc vi£tu adolefcentulum, qui ipforum beneficio no- 

infolentior erat quam pro privati conditione. men regis teneret. Ha;c mulier illa fami- 

Et fane ifl:am gravitatem tunc amplitudinem- liari cuidam enuntiavit, ille (ut fit) alteri; 

que non urbanitate, fed fine gratiis inepte ita ad Craterum fermo tandem efl: perlatuSo 

fic infulfe exprimens, fufpiciones fibi conci- Ille mulierem clam introduxit ad Alexan- 

drum : 



AAESANAPOS. 6y 

i^ooV. d}iii(rci? QMHV<^y CMiKdj(7iV (pOlT^V «V TCWTO T^ ^^>^(^TOL, V^ TrotP 

0, Ti dv cM7rv3-Y\TcUy tQto tt^^ cwtov cL7taSyi70\m (ictJ'll\i(rcx.v. 

'O M »f OtAwVct? (^CiiA^o^(^ iiTcag iiyvoei, >tj (runhv tm 'Avli- 
yovYi, TroKhoi j^ ir^g (j^ylw »9 (jLtycLhcwxictv n^ tS ^ctdiKim '^y^^cltol 
vi hoyag dvimTn^eiiig Tf^iif^^. o 'AAgJai/cT^©-', ytouTF^ m^Ti^g cv~ 
<?«§s&)? ?C/ T» OiA&)V« 7r£5(77rg(raVw?, c/Ka^Ti^yicnv crmm ;^ mrg^si', «Vs 
^ahoodv TW UcL^fJ^i(t)v(B^ djvolot %^g cwtov, eiTi Miaog tIw S^o^glv ouu- 

^ Kj tUjU SiWCtfXlV. b) '^^ t4 ToVg X^^^ McLkMv OVOfJLOC AlfXvQ-', QM 

XaAcmV^^, ;:^ctA27r&)? cBi^iiK^odv 'AAsJai/^fw, N<)co^ot;:^oi/ rtj/o^ 'j^ i/g&>^, 
Tfpog ov oujTog i§(t)Timg dx^Vy clm tIw )iQivct)viav t' TT^^mg Tra^iKOLKa. 
tS fjLyi h^afjSpa, (p^(TOLv\(^ 1» dhxpod 'Baxdvod tIw Trei^v, gA- 
5&)V c/Keiv(^ TT^g ^iAfflVotv, c4tgA<^(rgv el^rdyeiv cuuT^g Tf^g 'Axi^xvJ^^Vt 
&g <z^ dvoifKoucdV ixc^v^oLg c^vx^v k, fjL^ydAodV. 6 (^' o,ti <^i] ttol^c^v {dS^n- 
l\ov yd^ gftf) « Ka^n'^ auTQg, c^g vr^og dKAoig {jLei^cxri yiyvoi^a tQ 
fha(nhi(idg. k^ tSto <S^]g i-Koin^rav. ol q Ka^' vjrs^o-^iav nS^n tQ ^tAwVa r^- 
TroySpoi Tf^og iTi^v, K^ ^i cMeivn 'm 'AKi^dvS^^co 7r^(rax^iv]ig, tt^&tov 
fjS^j Ta tQ AifjLva Kareiirov, iVfetTa vra^n^nhod^rav wvx^ tov ^iAooTav, odg 
dfJLihndeiiV cw'^ <^\g c^vxovJo^v. j^ tSto J^ji (rCpoS"^ Tra^od^wui tov 'A- 

Ag|ctI/J^^I/' T^ tQ 7rifjL(p^iv](^ cBi TOV AifjLVOVj 6)V nf^LlWiTO (TVKkafJL^aVO- 

juS^u©-', '^KJeivavlog avTov, gr; fJLaTKKov ^ma^x^^-> '^^^ iMfxov cM7ri(pSj- 
'^ou T' cfh^aTKng vofjLiljidv. >^ 7ri)i§£g ix^^ ^f°^ '^^^ ^iihmaVy lniujjd- 

craTo 

drum : qui his auditis confuetudine uti eam lotam profe£tus petiit introduci fe cum fratre 

iuflitPhilotJe, & quicquid intellexiffet ex eo, ad Alexandrum, rem magnam fe 6c atrocem 

id ut mox ad fe deferret. oftendens habere, quam ei aperirent. Ille, 

Philotas vero, qui ita peti fc ignorabat in- haud fcio qua de caufa (incertum eft enim) 

fidiis, in contubernio Antigones raulta verba non introduxit eos ad illuna, majoribus ne- 

& fermones ineptos irrfefte 8c infolenter in gotiis regem diftriftum caufetus. Bis id fe- 

regem habuit. At Alexander, etfl graviter cere. Itaque hi infolentiam PhilotJe averfati 

delatus apud ipfum Philotas eflet, omnia ta- ad alium converfi, atque per eum ad Alex- 

men vel benevolentia fretus erga fe Parme- andrum admifli, primum Limni conjuratio- 

nionis, vel autoritatem eorum & potentiam nem detulerunt, dcinde obiter adjeccre, 

timens, tacitus tulit & iilentio oppreffit. Ea- quum bis interpellaflent Philotam, non fu- 

dem terapeftate Macedo, nomine Limnus, ifle rem ei curje. Enimvero id Alexandrum 

Chalsftrxus , capitales Alexandro infidias ftimulavit: atque ubi ille qui ad compre- 

ftruens, adolefcentem quendam Nicomachum, hendendum Limnum mifliis crat, defenden- 

cujus flagrabat amore , invitavit ad confihi tcm fe interfecit, impendio magis eft com- 

focietatem. Qui quum id repudiaflet, Sc fra- motus, indicem ratus amifllim initas in fe 

tri indicaflet Balino tentatum fe, ille ad Phi- confpirationis. Hujus in Philotam exacer- 

I i - batus 



68 A A E S A N A P O S. 

(TctTo T«V TTixAoa fjLKT^vlcig ctuTov, r^S^Y) (pavi^&g ^iyovlot^, cdg jia^vfxlct tb 
(^cLtTiK^m eiy), AijULVov olojw^a ^cL7\cu.q^\,ov a.vS-^cid7rov cJ^-^^ei^wcu toK- 
lULYifJiDtTi TOQ-iiTc^ KO.^' ctvTov' cLTkKcI t^tov p/j vn^ijlw HVa.'., iuLa7\hov ij 
o^yavov >W fjid^ov©^ ae;xy\g ct(pmf^ov' h metvoig q tIw cBil^aT^luu 
l\\TY\Tiov oig fjLcLKi^^a TavTa 7\av^dveiv (nwi(pe^iv. Toi^Toig 7\oyoig v^ \::mvoi- 
oug ctvansTcicravlig Toi uiTa t» ^ot^rtAgw?, liiYiyov y)^ fJLveJ-ag k^ t« Oi- 
A&)Va ha^oKcig. qm TiiTH q <rv7\7\n<p^eig dvi^ceiveTo, t^ iTcde^m sOig-odTCdv 
Toug (ia(rdvoig, 'AAglotvJ^fb q naTaKiiovJQ^j V^odS-^v av7\cuag o^^TiTa- 
fjSpng' oTi (^YJ Kcu (pa<nv avTov eiTretVj o\v}^g k. TaTretvdg t« OiAtoVb (p&>- 
vdg K^ t^iYKTeig Tolg (^ tov 'H<pou<Fiot)va 7r§o(r(pi^ov](^, bV&) cT») fjLaKaKog 
aVy «w OiA&)Vctj >t, dvavS^e^B^, g7rg;^«f«? 7r^yfjLa(ri T^AtJcaVot? j >^3-ct- 
j/o^](^ T« 0(A&)Vct, >^ Ua^fi^ioiva TiifjA/ag Sj^vg eig MyiS^iav dvei- 
7\iV, dv^^ 7vo7\Kd fBp cI)iA(V7r&) (TvlkaTi^yafTafJLiVov, fjLovov q, « fj.d7\\,<^a 
•^ 7r^s(r^vTi^odV (piAodv, ' AT^i^avJ^^ov eig 'A(riciv cJ^o^fjLYKravJa ^^a^huuou' 
T6/&)V 3 ij&)v, »V go^gv c^^ T' <^^T^dg, ^vo (Ap ofh^ovla 7r^oTi§ov ^K^B-a- 
vovJag, t4 TetTCo cruvavaue^iSivla. TavTa 7r^^^ivja ttoAAoI? t^ (piAot^v 
(poQi^ov i7ioinTiv Tov 'A7\i^av<^^ov, fJLd7\i^a q 'AvJiTraT^ct)' /^ Tr^og AVw- 
A»V mjti-^g Kep(pa, 7ri<7eig (^iS^g ii^ KafJL^dvodv. l(po^>iv\o y) ' AKi^avS^^ov 
A\TOd7\o) <^id tIw Olvid(^ct}v dvd<^aTiV, yjv ttuOo^jw^j©-', a;t OlvMav i(pn 
•Kcjui^ag, d7\7\ avTov cfmUTeiv i^inhuu A'iTOd7\olg. 

Ov 

batus animus concitavit veteres inimicos e- moliebare ? Necato Philota, Parmenionem 

jus, qui clare jam fremebant focordem re- quoque certos mifit in Mediam qui inter- 

gem effc, quod Limnum cenfeat, hominem ficerentj virum qui magnificas res cum Phi- 

Chal;Eftr£eum tantum facinus fufcepifle fo- lippo geflerat, folufque, aut praecipue ex 

lum, fed hunc tantum adminiftrum, immo veteribus amicis, ad tranfeundum in Afiam 

potius efle organum a principio motum ma- incitaverat Alexandrum. Ex tribus fiHis 

jore. In illis fcrutandas infidias quibus quos in callris habuit, duos ante viderat 

maxime hxc tegi bono eflct. Hifce verbis defundtos, cum tertio efl: una trucidatus. 

& fufpicionibus patefaftas regis aures one- Hxc fafta Alexandrum amicis reddidcrunt 

ravcrunt jam fexcentis contra Philotam ca- formidabilem , imprirais Antipatro. Is ad 

himniis. Inde correptum torferunt, aflJiften- iEtolos clam mifit legatos, fidem dans & 

tibus qusftioni regis amicis, 8c Alexandro accipiens : nam timebant Alexandrum JE- 

pone obtenfam aulxam foris exaudiente. toli ob Oeniadarum excidium. Quod ubi 

Quo tempore eum dixifle aiunt, quum mi- nuntiatum ei eft, non Oeniadarum ait fihos, 

ferandis & abjeftis vocibus precibufque Phi- fed ipfum fe poenas ab iErtohs perfequutu- 

lotas Hephieftionem compellaret, Adeone rura. 

moUis tu Philota & effoeminatus tantas res Non 



A A E S A N A P O S. 69 

Ou TTOAAW V?i^V (Ttwlwix^y} Kj TOL ^Zefei K7\€iT0V, iiTCd fJ)p d.%7\0dg 

nv^ofj^otg T&v kJ 4>tA&)m dyu^Tipj., T^.oyo) f£{JToi (TwuTiUvlig cLpicL j^ 
jhjJ aiTiav >c, tov kou^v, ^k. ^cto yvc^fjiw-, ctAAot cTiify^^ta Tiv) TCtvTct Sj- 
ejLTKovlig -miiP^yi^cJL r» ^a.(ri7\iCt)g, o^ylw k^ fA,i^bju 7r^(pci(riv i^ Ka«- 
TH S^cuy-ovi a^^yovlog. in^x^^ ^t^^- «'^oj/ ri^gs oiid^.v '^70\hjjvm 
"^ 3-a7\cic^yig t4 (iacriAfi KOfJLilJovlig. q ^ajufJLctcrag tIuj ctKfjiluj Kj to 

KCt7\7\(^ CMClAet TOV K7\€iT0V, (fkS^ei^CU V^ (JLiTai^^VCU ^•>i7\oi^(^. 3 

^vodv i^ STvfxctviV, clcpeig q tIuj ^vniav i^dh^C^v, v^ r£/a. t^ KaTicmei^- 

fBpC^V Trpj^cOLTOdV iWY^KOh.^ B-YiTiV CWTW- TiV^Of^^^ Q ^a(Ti7\Sjg, dviKOl- 
J/arO TO^^ig fXcJ,v\i(TiV ' Ae^^^clv^^Od K^ K7\iOfXCLv}ei ra AoLKOdVi. <py\(T(iv\(x>V TTQ- 
VYipav ^VDU TO (TV]fJLeiOV, hMi7\SjlTiV Q/K^VCTa^ K^ TCJLX^ ^'^'^? "^^ KA«r«. 

yi '^ oujTog YifjL^oL TeJ-Tn KaTa T^g vTTvag eihv o-^iv oltottov' (^(^^cu yS 
ouuT^ T^^ K7\eiTov fJL^ i^ Tia^f^jiodvi^ v\cdv h fJLiKajiV IfjLaTioig Ka^i^^^i 

7i^VV]K0T0dV dltciviOdV. « fAw t<P^a(TiV 6 KA«r©-' QJK^V(Tdl^(^, ^^^ '^^' 

^vg cBa To (^eiTTVov miv t^^vkot^^ t5 ^acTiAioog AiOfTKo^ag. ttoth q Viavi- 

K^ cruppcf^V©-', yjhTo 7roinfJ.aTa Ho^mx^ rtfoV, 6)V <^g cpao-tv moi, ITtsei&J- 

v(^, «V raV f^r«y«V mTToinf^a r«V gva/^©-' nVlnf^^W "cW r&)i/ /Bct^- 

^a^4)i' stt' cdi^ujuYi ■iij yixodTi. rfioi/ 3 7r^so-^'jrg^&)i/ (j't;Cj/g£^(i/ovl&)i/, Jt, AoicTo- 

P'<iv]oiy Tov rs 7foiY]Ttw Kj Tov ciS^ovla, r« o ' A7\i^dv(^^ii k^ '^^ (^ cujtov 

ys^ioag dK^Odfj^cav, k^ 7\iyeiV Ki7\Sjov\odv, KA«r(^ yiS^y) fJLSvoav, k^ (pv(Tet 

T^rxyg wv jc, aju^dhg, nyavd-Jlei, fj.d7\i<^a (pd(TKOi)V a Kahag av (^a^Cd- 

^ig 

Non multo poft Cliti cafus accidit, fi fic duo ante oblata ei fuerat in fomniis fceda 

nude audias, Philotae cakmitate tetrior: fi fpecies. Vifus eft Clitum videre puUatum 

tamen narrationi adjungas & caufam & tem- confidentem inter Parmenionis filios , qui 

pus non de induftria, fed infortunio aliquo erant omnes extinfti. Ac Clitus, nondum 

invenias patratum, quando regis ira & vinum litato, confeftim ad coenam venit, quum 

dirse fortun^ Cliti prjebuit occafionem. Id rex Caftori 8c PoUuci facrificafiet. Dum 

ad hunc modum geftumeft: Quidam ab ora ftrenue certatur poculis, cantata carmina 

maritima poma Grxca regi attulerant : ille funt Pranichi cujufdam , aut ( ut alii vo- 

viriditatem eorum & fpeciem miratus accivit lunt) Pierionis, in duces qui pridem victi 

CUtum, ut ei oftenderet illa, 8c impertire- a barbaris fuerant, ad probrum &c rifum 

tur. Forte ille facrificabat : qui reliclis fa- fcripta. Stomachantibus majoribus natu, in- 

cris, perrexit ad regem, eumque tres oves, in fcftantibufque poetam &: cantorem, Alex- 

quas fafta jam fuerat libatio, funt fequuta:. andro ex akera parte & affeclis ejus li- 

Quo intellecto, rex rem ad vates retulit A- benter audientibus, atque ut recitaret, ex- 

riftandrum Sc Cleomanta Laconem. Denun- bortantibus : Clitus jam vino gravis, na- 

tiantibus illis tetrum prodigium efle, prsece- turaque afpcr & prtefraftus, fremuit, ne- 

pit ut propere pro Clito litarent : quippe tri- gans convenire, pr^fertim ut inter barba- 

4 ros 



70 AAESANAPOS. 

i^i<; lij TfoXiiiiioK; v^ti-^i^ MctMi^dvoLg TroAt) /BgATwya? t^ ysA«i/?6)f, « 
trtwnyo^mj ^(nvx^ctv 'ihpxpouvov^ct tIw SeihioiVy i7rciVct<roig 6 KA«t(^, 

AvTY) fJ^TOl (Ti, ^-KiV, W hi7\i0Li TOV ZM &i,60V, W<Al TW Xm^^i^OLTd ^iCpCi 
TO V60TOV OKT^iTTOvloi (ti^inoimi' i^ TtS MoLKil^dvOtiV OUfJLCtTl J^ ToT? T^OUU- 

fxoL(ri TiiTOig s^j^a T»Atx»T(^, 6)Vg "KfJLfjLmi (TouuTov ^(TTTOiHV clTreiTroLfjSpog 

^ihiTTTTOV. 

YloL^o^tLuMg ^v d 'AAgJotfJ^^©^, 'H toujtol, etTnv, d kolk^ xgc^aAn, (tv 
tj<fe< i^fj^ iKOLg-oTi xiycav, v^ ^iOL^^OL^Tid^m MoLKiS^dvDLg, ;^cM^«V«i/ vofj.i^e{gi 

'AAA' iifs VVV, 'iCpYI, X^^A^ 'AXi^OLV(^^i, TOiOUJTOL TSArj T^ 7rdv6t)V KOfJLi- 
i^dlAfJOi' fJiOLKOLeJil^Of^ Q T»V «C^H Ti^VmdTOLg, TTejLV cBli^eiv My](S^iKOUg hcL^- 

i^oig ^cuvoiBp^g MoLKii^dvcLg, k^ lii^^Tuiv hof^ag, 'ivoL t^ (ioLfTi7\ft 7r^(Tih~ 

3-C^fJ^. TOiCtijTOL Ta KA«Tb! 7raf^Y\(TiOL^0l^>i, llj T^ (S^ AKi^OLvS^^V aV- 
TaVi<^CLlBpOdV Kj XOih^^vlm OUUTOV, 01 7rpMTi^0i KOLTiX^V iTtet^SvlQ TOV 

^d^v^oV 3 ' AXi^oLV^^'^ ^kro^^Cpeig TF^g Eivd^oxov tov KoL^(ha.vdv ty 
Tov YioXoCpdviov A^TifJLiov, « <^0K^(TiV, HTViV, vfXiV ol "EXhlwig bn Tolg Ma~ 
Ki^d(Tiv (idcaTi^ c^ B-YiejLoig nfJiiB-ioi (iJ^TraTHV; tQ o KA«'t« /^m etKovJc^, 
dKhd elg fJLi(Tov a. /BaAgTCM xiyav tov ' A/\i^av(^^ov Ki7\Sjov\(^, n fjLvi Ka- 
7\eiv S^ m^rvov dvi^^g i7\<^B-i^iig, j^ 7rapjiyi(Tiav ix^i^ct^j cLTkXcI f/$ (^a^- 
^oL^m l]ljv li^ 0LV(^^7rd(^m, o< tIw T[i^(TiKlw l^c^vlw k^ tov S^idxdjKov ojutQ 
X^TSva 7r§o(TKtwn(Tiia-iv, ^k tn (ps^m tIw d^yhuj A7\i^av(^^(B-', fJL-dhm 



iros 8c hoftes, Macedones muko quam qui ri- mus laborum : vemm beatos ducimus illos qui 

derent eos, etiamfi infefta eflent fortuna ufi, jam prius fato funfti funtquam virgisMedicis 

prseftantiorcs, ludibrio haberentur. Ibi quum lacerari viderint Maccdonas, & aditum peten- 

^iceret Alexander, fibi ipfi Clitum patroci- tes ad regem a Perfis. Ea effundente Clito, 

nari, qui timiditatem adverfas fortunas no- Alexandroque contra infurgente, ac Clitum 

tnine cenferet, exfurgens Clitus, Atqui hicc, profcindente convitiis, feniores comprimeree- 

inquit, te timiditas Diis prognatum a Spi- nitebantur turbam. Ibi Alexander ad Xenodo- 

thridatis gladio terga jam dantem vindicavit : chum Cardianum & Colophonium Artemium 

Macedonumque fanguine atque hifce vuhie- verfus, Numne vobis, inquit, videntur inter 

ribus ad tantum pervenifti faftigii, ut repu- Macedonas Grasci, ficut inter feras femidei 

diato Philippo, Ammonem tibi ipfe afieras verfari ? Qimm non cederet Clitus, fed clama- 

patrem. ret ut Alexander, fiquid vellet, in medium 

Hinc accenfus Alexander, De hifne, {cc' proferret, aut ne ad coenam vocaret liberos 

lefte, inquit, qua; quotidie de nobis jaftas 5c homincs & liberam linguam habentes j verum 

.concitas Macedonas, gratulaturum tc tibi fpe- cum barbaris viveret 6c mancipiis, qui zonam 

Tas? Enimvero nec nunc, inquJt, nobis A- Perficam Sc candicantem tunicam adoraturi 

Jexander gratulamur, qui h«c prasmia feri- eflenCi haud ultra par iras Alexander, ex ma- 

Hs 



A A E S A N A P O :s. yr 

a^m[^(j^v m ^cihm l%GU(riV cwTQh >9 to ePx^^ei^iov klriTei. iV q 6-4»- 
LLUTo<pv?<oiK6dV kvog ' Ae/^^oOoivng (p^ct(rctvl(^ vCpehi^-, jc, 'Pil oLhKaiV fzsfe^- 
ivovlm yi S^ioi^ctiVy oivcLm^mcL<; dv^^doL MctJcg^ong-i mh^v raV vTrctcari- 
^cig ( raro o /<^ (tv[jL^oAov S-o^v^a lULsyoiKa ) k^ tov (rahmfiiJlw c/KsAclig 
(TYifJLouveiVy yij ttv^ incu^nVy Odg S^iccTeji^^ovJct )t, juun ^aKdf^ov. ar©^ f^ §v 
vg-ee$v dj^oK(fjLn(rsv, ag r» jbiYi (tiwtol^x^^^- "^^ '^^Toni^ov cuTi6dT0iT(^ 
%)dy^p(^. Tov KA«Toi/ iix v(piifApov oi (pihoi fAdM oJ^mdciii tS ctv~ 
i^^wyC^. ^cctr'- ctAAct? 5J^^ a/)3-i? «Vm«, |W.aAa oAiy&)^&)? ;^ 3-^- 
crm EveATtlSii Toi Si ' M^ofJLcixy^? loifjL^eict TctvTct m^cuvmvy 
OifJLoi m^' 'EAAotc^' &)V y,ctmg vofjLi(jTou. 

iiTCti cT)) Aa^6)V fZ^' TIJ/©^ T^fi" ^0^V<pd^6iV ' A^.i^OiV<^^(^ OUXf^luJ) CtTtQLS- 

TUivlct Tov KAbtoi; avTWj ^ (^^yovlcL to irej t' 3-v^,g (Z^Koi?\vfjifjLct 
i^iihoLvvei. 7ri(rdv](^ jwj <^ivctyfj.^ v^ ^^vxnfJictT^, dj3-vg dcpwiv d S-v 
fjLog avTdv. k^ ^di^(^ nct^ ioujT^, j^ T^g (piAag Mv d^podvag is-^Tag, 
iMv(roi^<> f/Sju m T^ ViK^Q Tnv cuxf^^ '((p^ct^rev, Ttoucrou J^' touuTov de^fjun- 
(rag c^^ tov t^;^«Aoi/ l^iyjiB-n-, cra>f/.aTo(pv?\ciKCidv T(x,g %«^^ uvtQ Aot- 
^dvlodv, yy To (TOdfMa (iict Tra^mfKdvl&iv dg tov B-dhafjiov. 

'LTTei tLuu Ti vvKJa KaKC^g KAouciiV hmifKiV, v^ tUv cMiScav nfJii^Vy 
i^i^y) t4 ^oav ;^ B-^lwetv dTret^nKCdgj dvatj^^ iKetTO, (2>a^eig dva(p^(x)v <^e- 
vayfji^g, cTe/crctvIg? oi (piXoi tLuu )mj(riod7ry)G-iVj «V«aOoi/ (iicc. k^ t^ ju6(o 
«!aa&)i/ a 7i^(TiiT0 T^g T^dydg' 'AttfdvS^^i^ q tS fjidvlioig c^fj^ifjiVWKoyJog 

avTov 

lis appofitis uno conjefto percuffit Clitum, tum ablata cuidam fatelliti Alexander hafta, 

& gladium qusefivit. Qiiem quum unus fa- obvium Clitum removentemque vekim janu^ 

tellitum Ariftophancs fiibtrahere maturafiet, transfixit. Quo cum gemitu 6c fremitu ca- 

ahique eum complefterentur &c obfecrarerit, dente, mox ira animo ejus deceffit. Re- 

profiliens exclamavit, & lingua Macedonica verfus ad fe, 8c amicos cernens ftupentes 

armigeros vocavit (id fignum erat ingentis filentio ftare, evulfit ex mortui corpore te- 

tumultus) ac tubicinem canere juffit: cui, lum, quod vertere quum in jugulum fuum 

quod cun£baretur & tergiverfaretur, impegit pararet, inhibitus ett a ftipatoribus, qui ma- 

colaphum. Verum hic poftea laudem meruit, nus ejus corripuerunt, eumque vi detulcrunt 

quod potiffimum in caufa fuiflet ne tumultus in cubiculum. 

cieretur in exercitu. At Clitum eadem in- Ut noftem mifere plorando tranfegit, ac 

temperantia furentem amici azgre triclinio proximodie ejulandolamentandoque defeflum 

fummovere. Quum ille altero oftio regredi- vox defecit, jacuitque alta trahens fufpiria, 

tur, infolenter admodum 6c ferociter Euripi- metuentes amici filentium, vi funt ad cum 

dis hos€x Andromache verfus pronuntians, ingreffii. Casterorum quidem non admific fer- 

^iam comparatum inique id eji in Gnecia! monem. At quum vates Ariftander vifum illi 

quod 



72 A A E S A N A P O S. 

avTov tIw Ti o-vj/fi/ Iw ethv <z^ ra KA«t«, k^ to a-y^jULeiov, cog J^« ttciKcu 

KCt^^HfJLd^^m TiiTCdVy t^Q^iV CVlS^McU. (^IO 'K.Ci?^'hl^iVYI TS TOV (plKO(rO^ 

(pov TCct^eia-YiyoLyov, ' AeA^oTiAag o\mov ovJci, il, tov 'A^S^neATlw 'Ava^a^^ 
^ov. ^v KctAAt(9-ew (^ YiB-img het^To j^ Tr^cLodg-, '\lm^oijSp©-' Tzi" Ao- 
yai yy (U^ic^v ctAvTTOdg 7\ct^iSl^ tS TTiv^ng' o 'j ' AvcL^ctex^i ^^tctv tivol tto- 
qSjoy^^^ cJ^ ci^X^g 0(^ov cm (piKo(ro(picL, )^ S^o^ctv €iKy)<podg vn^o-^iag yi 
6xiy(t)eActg T^ crutinS-odV, <^B-vg eicriK^c^v ctVi^oncreVy OvTog Wiv 'Axi^oLV- 

i^§(^i «V OV Yl olKi^lBfJY) VVV "^CTO^cKiTret' 5 VjijiiTflcii >tXcucciV (iicmie, dvi^^~ 

TToJ^ov, oLvB-^odTTCiiv vofjLov )^ "^oyov S^iS^oimg, olg avTov Tr^ocrwei vofjLov ^vcu-, 

^ O^^V T^ (hKCUOdV-, 'ineiTTi^ ^iX^^ "^ K^Teiv VmKYlUV, CtKhd fJLYi (SaXdjCiV 
\W KiVYig S^O^Yig KiK^TYIfJ^OV. iiK o]^a, HTIiV, OTi TYJV S^iKlw ^X^ Trd^i- 

^^v 6 Z<^Vj >9 TYJv QijULiv, 'iva Trdv to Tr^^^figy \W tS k^tQvJi^ 3-g- 
fA.iTov ■j ;^ (^iKcuov 3 ToiiiTOig Ti(ri Koyoig x^^^^A^^ o ' Avd^aex^-> to 
■fj^ 7rdB-(^ cAiii(pi(ri tQ ^adiKiOdgj to q yiB-(^ ag "KoKhd ^^cM^i/oVg^^f y^ 
c!^vofjLOdT€^v 'inoiYKTir avTov 3 ^ou^ovioig cvYi^iuLO(r€V, k^ tQ Ka7\7\i^iviig 
TYJv ojULihiav acJ^g d7\7\oi>g cJmxcte^v <^id to avg-yi^v i(rav -K^odhk^aTO^iv. 
?\iysTcu Si TTOTi cz^ (SetTTvov vttI^ (^^£v ji^ K^cTioog tQ (Zikj.ix^'v\^ Xoym 
avJoiiV, TQV Ka7\7\i^m (JLiTix^vla S^o^Yig, To]g o Asyao-i TdKel fjLd7J\ov elvcu 
'^vx^ ^ Svoj^eijue^ TOdV ''E7\7\l(juiKuVy cvavlmfS^ii tS 'Ava^dex^d k. 
^i7\ovaKQv]'^, eiTfeiV, ctAAot fjLnv dvdlky] croi TavTa meivodv cfjLoKoyeiv 

quod de Clito fuerat ei repraefentatum Sc tiretur, vicerit, non ut viftus ab inani gloria 

prodigium in memoriam revocaret, jamdu- ferviret. Nefcis, inquit, afTefTorem Jovi jufti- 

dum h£ec in fatis fuifle fuggerens, vifus eft tiam §c Themin efle, quo quicquid a£tum ab 

animum relaxare. Ita Callifthenem philofo- dominante fuerit, id jus & fas fit? Hujufce- 

phum introduxerunt AriftoteHs neceflarium, modi adhibita oratione, xgritudinem quidem 

& Abderitam Anaxarchum : quorum Calli- Anaxarchus regis allevavit, mores tamen ejus 

fthenes placide tentavit & modefte oratione multo fluxiores reddidit & violentiores, feip- 

fubeundo & lenibus ambagibus reprimere fum vero mirifice infinuavit in gratiam ejus : 

moerorem ejus: Anaxarchus vero, pecuHari & CalHilhenis confuetudinem vel alias ob au- 

quadam ab initio in philofophia incedens via, fteritatcm parum gratam, infuper reddidit 

defpeftorque 6c contemptor habitus fodahum invidioiam. Memorant orto fuper coenam 

fuorum, firaul atque ingrefflis eft, exclamavit, aHquando de tempeftatibus anni Sc aeris tera- 

En Alexander ille in quem orbis conjicit o- peratura fermone, afientientem CalHfthenem 

culos : en abjeftus in lacrymis inftar mancipii opinioni illam regionem afierentium geHdio- 

jncet, legem £c probra exhorrefcens homi- rem & rigentiorem Gra^cia, repugnante ob- 

num, quibus ipfe lex efte 5c juris regula ftinate Anaxarcho dixifle, Enimvero non po- 

ideberetj fi modo, ut imperaixt 6c rerum po- tes non fateri intentiorem hic quam iHic ri- 

goreni 



AAESANAPOS. 73 

cBi^s^hYifjO{j(^ S'ci,7ri(S^a.g mTcimdcu. tov f^ ^v 'Avoi^ct^x^v itj t^to Tr^g- 
TaV ^'^'^^'^ (ro(pi<^ctg Kj MhctKctg 6 KctXXt^mg shvTrei, cnraJ^cti^o- 

IJ^(^ (J^ \W T^ Vi(t^V <hci TOV "hoyoV, ^X "^O'' '^^^^^ TT^id^VTi^ig d^i' 

(rmv S\ci tov f2>iov, <^TaKlov ovlct -^ (TifJLVov j^ cujTct^mj j^ (liCouQvJcx. tIu) 
Myof^lw T? ^KTdS^YjfjLictg 7r^(pcL(nr on raV 7roKiTctg]mTctyctyeiv k^ kolt- 
om(rou Tfcthiv tIw vrctTeiJ^ct (piXoTi/uLiifjSiJ^y dvi^Yi 7F^g 'Ahi^ctvS*^v. 
(p^oviifiS{j(^ (^ioL t!w S^o^oLVf gftv (X. ;c, m^^ ouutS Tolg ^ioL^dKXa^Ti 7ra.^- 
eiX^Vy Toig Ti xAnV^? ra tfoXTkol S^LC^^iifi^f^y (^ q tJ (rtweivou, (loL^v- 
TY\Ti i^ (n6d7r^ hmv hk mouveiv, aJ^g d^icnii^ Toig yivofBpoig' wVg J9 tov 
'Khi^av^^v ei7reiv W clut^, 

MtCr^ (TOCpl^luJ 09ig ^(^' OLVTW (To(pog. 

AgVO ^^ TTOTiy 7ro7\KodV as^uiiMi^ odv S^ to S^ei^FVoVj h7rctivi(rou KiXdi- 
^etg qBj t^ 7roTYieJ-ii HoLuS^ovoLg KcL?\.7\.i^mg, iiTcag dj^oY\(Tou ir^g tyIv 
•ismB-i^Tiv, fc dvi<^0LfAfJiig a^Teiv >^ fhdhXeiV raV Ts^pdvag m olutov' 
ei7reiv «1/ tov 'AAi^oLvS^^v, oti mT 'EveATrii^lw, tov 7\ol^ovJol -i^ hoy(t)v 

KoLhdg d(po^iuLctg, a fjLiy t^yov ^Koyeiv' 
d7<h ivt^ei^ou, (pdvcu, tIu) (TcwtQ S^titJctfMiv Yifjuv, mTYiyo^YKTUg MoLKiJ^ovodv, 
'ivoL K^ (iiATiHg '^Vi/^ fjLctS-ovlig d 7r7\Y]fj,fjLihQ(riV' ^TCti S^y) tov dv^^ 7r^g 

ThutJ TrOLXlVCd^m T^TTOf^OV, TTOAAa 7rct'^j)Y](Tld(T0L(^ K/ -j^ yia.Kii^OVCtiV, }i 

tUjj 

rigorem efle : quippe Cu in larna illic hyemem viis quum adeflet, fignificaret fupercilio & Ci' 
traducebas, hic tribus velatus tapetibus re- lentio non laudare fe vel probare ea qux age- 
cumbis. Id vehementer etiam exafperavit A- rentur. Unde de eo dixit Alexander, 

naxarchum. Odi fophiftam qui fiU ipfinon fapit. 

Caeteros vero fophiftas & aiTentatores an- ^. .^ ,. , , - . 

^ ...^, , • • /r. u IJicitur ahquando multis ad coenam mvitatis 

sebat Calhfthenes, quod m gratia eflet ob . ^ i • /v ^^ j «-"-".ii" iiivii<tLii 

o; ,.X ^ j ■ °. , inter pocula luftus Macedonas CalHfthenes 

dicendi facukatem apud luventutem, neque , , ^ ^ „ . '-"-"';'"" v-^iimiiciici 

r -t, u ■► Aa l^udare, tam profluenti oratione hoc traftafle 

mmus acceptus fenibus ob vitam modeftam, ' ^ ... «'-'^"'- ii^i- Lidtidiic 

^ ■ B^ j/i^ 1 > „ 1 argumentum, ut exihentes ei plauderent &: 

eravem, continentem, & adftipulantem vul- ^ . ' ., , r""-"-"-'.*-' "• ^^ 

° . ... ■^..j ^. coronas mgererent: Alexander vero ibi di- 

eato eius pereennationis prxtextui : ideo fci- •n- • • ■ • rC n 

1 • r n. A &) A • ^'"C ^'j 'JUJ orationis naftus eft 

hcet profcttum eum ad Alexandrum, quo ci- ^ 

ves fuos in patriam reduceret, eamque denuo C«^./>«^ ^omm, haud agre fit ifthic ehquens. 

frequentaret. Qui quum premeretur ob exi- At oftende (dixifle) facultatem tuam vitupe- 

ftimationem fuam invidia, interim etiam ma- randis Macedonibus, quo emendentur auditis 

teriam ipfe fui calumniandi prsEbebat, quod deh6tis fuis : ita ad retraftanda ille priora ver- 

fere rejiceret vocationes, atque in convi- fus, multa in Macedonas magna Ubertate dif- 

VoL. IV. K fe- 



74 AAE:ZANAPOS. 

h<p' « TTIK^V J^ f2>Ci^V IP^i^ fM(T^ T0li<; MoLKei^OGT ^ TOV 'AKi^CiVi^^V 

€i7rdv, m W ^ (^eivoT^rQ^ o Kct7\7\i>^m^ (i7\7^.d -t (S^VG-iSfdag MctJigcToV^i' 

TcwTct fjS^ «f "'E^fj.mTrog (pn<TLV rov clvayv(d<^lw rS KctT^Xi^ivag 
1lT^'i^ov, 'AeA^OTiT^H (^inyei^^' rov o Kci7\7^i^ivlw (riwivlct rlw ci7.7\oreA- 
ornrcL t« (^ci(Ti7\ioi)?, «^W « re-aV ctTfioyJct 7r^-g cwrov d^reiv-, 
KcLr^ctVi Jt, nctr£5^A(^, oVe^ o"So ttoAAoi/ dfjLHVOiV. 
» (pcwAod^ Sv eiTrm toiMV o 'Ae^5-oTgA',T? on Koe,AA{£S"si/«? Ag}^&)V ^ Iw 
^iwctrog K^ fjiiyctg-, vSv q iix, eix^v. d7\7\d. rlw yi 7r^(TKWL>r\Ti.v \<^v^odg 

d7rU)(TdfjS{j(^ ^ (pl7\0(T0(pCdg, }^ fJLOV^ C^ (pCtVe^CO <^l€7\B-6dV d K^v(pcL 7idv- 

Tig ol (ii7\ri90i >l, Tr^i^T^vraroi 'P^ M.ctKS(^ovcdV nyctvdKlnv, Td? p^ "EaAki- 
vag cd^vvn'; d7rn7\7\oL^i jULiydT^n?, >9 julhI^ov^^ 'Axi^^ctvi^^ov, "^kTnr^i-^ct? 
rlw 7r^(TKvvn(Tiv, cwrov q d7fo^7\e(Tsv, cM^td(Tct^ i^oKOdv fJLd7\7\ov n 7fei(Tcti 
Tov (ia(Ti7<ict. Xd^ng o o MLrv7\lwdi(^ (pn^ri rov ' A7\i^cjlv^^v h t& (TVfjL' 
7ro(Ti(t) 7fiov\(X (pid7\lw, 7r^riivou Ttii t^ (pi7\0dr rov q h^df^ov, %^g 
Wm dvcjL<^ljutJcu, -^ 7rUvloL TT^^TKtWYicrcu 7f^odrov, dra (pkKn^rcu, rov 'AAg|- 
avS^^ov bn t4 o^vfJL^ro^ric^, ;^ KcirctK7\i>.^lwou. ^rdvlodv q t^t^ 7roibii]ct)v i<pi^ng, 

TOV 

feruilTe Grjecorumque difTenfionem demon- do Callifthenem, verum mentem non habe- 

ilrafle caufam fuilTe Philippi incrememi & re. At dum fortiter & ut philofophum de- 

potentice addito carmine cuit recufat proftratus humi Alexandrum fa- 

DiJJIdio \n popuU capit ^ fcekraius honorem. l^^are, folufque difTcrit pubhce ea quas in oc- 

.,..,. . o culto optimus quifque & natu maximi inter 

Acerbam mde mvidiam m eum cC eravem ,^j'^ /iVu^ j 

* ," , j- •n- Ai j Macedonas ftomachabantur, maena quidem 

concepilTe Macedones, ac dixifle Alexander, , ^ », ai j ° ■ . 

^.u.iv-^^iijv, iav.v,« ' „. -, - , ' macula Grsecos, Sc Alexandrum maiore ex- 

non eloquentiae fu£e Calhtthenem, lea male- ^,. , ..^ u a ^- r 

>-'yM"^"'-^ ' folvit, deterrens eum ab adoratione, fe ve- 

volentias dedifle Macedonibus documentum, . . ,' ,.,. ^,_ , „„,.„„j„ -j 

^ ^^ ^, . „ .r^ ivrr, • ro iple perdidit, quod extundere id maeis re- 

Haec Hermippus autor eft Calhtthenis ana- . ^ ^ ., ' ^ ^ r, „a r^u a/i- 

7 , .„^^,. r^ ., y-rr /•^,,- gi quam videretur periuadere. Chares Mi- 

gnoftem AriftotehStroibumretuhfle: Calh- ^{^^^^^ Alexandrum pr^dicat in convivio 

fthenem autem, animum ab fe ahenatum re- ^^^^ ^.^^.^^ ^^^,^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^._ 

eis quum percepmet, disredientem bis aut ter '. -(y .,, „ , • i . j 

f'' ji ' r v i h cis porrexifle, illum phiala accepta ad aram 

ad leiplum dixifle, ^^^.^^^ aflhrrexifle, ac quum haufifl-et, ado- 

Te quoque Patroclus pr^ftantior occidit olim. i-afle primum, deinde ofculatum Alexan- 

Non abfurde igitur dixifl"e apparet Ariftote- drum, in convivio mox accubuifle. Poft- 

lem, facundum eflTe Sc magnum in dicen- quam id omnes deinceps fecerunt, cepifle 

phialam 



AAE3ANAPOS. 7S 

Tov Y.(0<hi^ivlw 7\cL^ov\a. tIw (piGi7\.lw, B Tr^oa-g;:^^!/']©- tS ^aa-kTviodg, clA- 
Act 'H<pM9imL Tr^oG-t^LCLMyofj^a, TriovlcL Tr^otriivM (piKrKTovJa- AnfJLwei^ 3 
tS Tr^oTovojbLOL^pfj^ii (^ei^6dv(^ (iTrovJQ^y 6) f^cto-iAsy, iLtn (pihYiarjg' ar©- 

yOLP <Ti fJLOV(^ « TC^OITKSKVVYlKiV' (hoLKTClVOl TO (piXYIjULGL TOV 'AKi^OLVi^^or 
TOV K.OLA?.i^ivluJ jULiyoL (pky^OLl^OV etTreiVj (plAYIjULOLTl ToivtW iAOLO^OV 
|^&)I' OLTTeijULl. 

ToioLvTY]? vmymfj^Y]^ ctA?\.0Te/0TY\T(^, TT^mov fj^ 'H(pcu<rim cJh. 
^iviTo, hiyodv OTL (riw3-ifMp(^ Tf^g oLVTov Ka.7\?\i^mg 7r^o(rKtwri(rah 
-^iixTaiTo tIw ofjLoXoyiaV InaTa Av^TifJLax^^i' "^ ^' Kyvmig iTnCpvovJo, (poLCT' 
Kovl^g (dkMivou Tov (TQ^pi^^Uv, 6)V o^' KaTahv(Tei Tv^vvii^(^ fxiya (p^ovQv' 

ra, ii (TlWT^iX^^ "^i^^ OUJTOV Toi lULH^Kia, Kj <3fe^S7r«I/, 6)V /ULOVOV i7\dj' 

3-i^ov c^ TO(TavTaig fULve^dG-iv. i^io j^ -j^ (^a 'E^fjLc7\aov c^^H7\Sj<Tcivlodv 
T^ ' AXi^cLvS^qoi, '/^ (pavi^Siv '^ofjSpodv, \h^av ol7\yiU(ti.v ofjLoia mTYiyo^eiv 
ol i^ia^cLT^T^ovlig, ag t^ fBp n^o^ct7\Kov\i, ituig d.v cv<^o^oTaT(^ '^oito oiv- 
5-^&)7r©-', «7r«i/, a.v >c^;c]«i/m tov bii^o%oTaTov. tov q 'E^fjLoAaov cJ^ Tnv 

TT^^iV T^a^O^^iWODV, hMiT^dji jLtY) (^iS^mai T«l/ X^^'^'^^ K7\ivlw, 0L7.ACC jULVYIflO- 
vSj€iV OTl J^ l/0(r»v1t Kj TiT^(t)(TKOfM{JCO Tr^VfiCil/ OLV^^C^TTU). KOiTOl "^^ «sfef 'E^- 

fxoXaov iii^etg acTs hoi'^ s<^0LTY]g oLvoifKYig tS Ka7\7\i^iViig KaTeimv. dAAcl 
jc, 'AAgJcti/(^f ©-" o^VoV <^^vgK^Ti§cd y^(pct)v j^ 'ATloLhod k^ ' A7\KiTci, (pn<T\v 
raV noHi^ag ^a(Tanl^of^\ig ofjLo7\oyeiv odg ouuto] TcujTa i^^^eiav, cl7\7\(^ 
3 H^eig (TUJueihiY). v<^i^v o y^(poiV ir^g ' AvHiraT^v, ^ tov Ka7\7\i^m 

(TUJJllV- 

phialam Calliflhenem, ac non attendente re- hbus Hberum. Quocirca infidiis, quse Alexan- 

ge, fed cum Hephsftione fabuknte bibiffe,at- dro parat£E ab Hermolao erant, dete£i:is, cri- 

que ad ferendum regi ofculum acceffifie. Ibi mina inimicorum ejus funt probabilia vifa: 

quum Demetrius cognomine Phidon dixiflet, rogatum nempe ab hoc quemadmodum vir 

Cave rex ofculeris eum : nam unus hic non clariffimus evaderet, refpondifle, fi interfecif- 

adoravit te : Alexandrum ofculum declinafie, fet clariffimum : concitantemque ad facinus 

CaUifthenem vero dixifle aka voce, Uno er- Hermolaum, monuifle ne aureum leftum for- 

go ofculo minus ferens abibo. midaret, fed meminiflet rem fibi forecumho- 

Ita exulcerato regis animo, primum habi- mine & morbis & vulneribus opportuno. At- 

ta HephiEfl:ioni fides eft, dicenti receptam fi- qui ex Hermolai conjuratione nemo nein ex- 

bi CaUifthenem fidem, adoraturum ipfum tremisquidemtormentisCaUifthenemnomina- 

regem, fefeUiflie. Indc Lyfimachi & Agno- vit. Sed &: ipfe Alexander Cratero protinusSc 

nes veUicaverunt eum, obambulare ja6lantes AttaloSc Alcetx fcribens, pueros in qua:ftione 

fophiftam, tanquam everfa tyrannide intu- confeflx)S ait fehoc confihumperfe iniiflc,ne- 

mefcentem, concurrereque ad eum & obfer- que fuiflx; aUum confciura quenquam : poft vero 

vare adolefcentes, tanquam unum in tot niil- in epiftola ad Antipatrum idem crimen impin- 

K z git 



-jf, AAESANAPOS. 

'KSj^ma.f Tov Q (To0i<Tlw syoo KoAci(rod, k^ Tng cAcmfjL^^civlctg cwToVy kcu 
T»V vmi^iX^!-^P^^ "^""^ TToMcri raV g//oi o^^aAgJovlct?. uvliK^vg tv yi ra- 
TOig }hniKciXv7f}of^(^ tt^? ' Ae/^^oTiT^lw' Kj yO iTiS-^TfJo KctAAi£3-gi/«$- 
TTct^' duut4 '^^^ '^^ (rvpj^eiciv, cJ^ 'H^S? yiyovc^Q dvi-^ioig 'AeA^-oTiAag. 
}><mB-0LveiV q clvtov oi f^ "^sm 'AAgJcti/J^^a K^ijLLaSrivlct Aiyacriv, oi q, qv 
-KiS^cug hh\^ov k^ vocrricroLvJct' Xd^Yig q, jw^ t^ (tvAM^^iv iTfloi fjluuoLg 
(pvhOLTJe^ hhiBpov, odg cv t4 (riwi^eAO} Kex^em 7roLeJv}(^ ' Aei^oTiNag' 
cv oug nfJLi^ig 'Ahi^oLV(S^^(^ cv McthXolg 'O^v^^Kcu.g 'iT§cdB-y), ^afe^' tyiv 
'IV(^ioLV '^S-oLveiV vTTi^TrcLXiw ^()(^ov K^ (p^eieAOL(ravJoL. 

TavTa f^ ^v vVs^v iTt^x^^' ^y^f^a^Ti^ o o KogivS-i©-', «cTjj 7r^i(r- 
^vTief^ odv, 'i(pi7\0Tiy.Y\^Y\ T^^g 'A7\i^av^e3^ dva^lwcu' v^ ^iaddf^^ 
avTov, HTTiV, jULiyoLMg Yihvrig 'isi^^ T^g "YXKlwag, oaoi TiBrvYiKaai v^elv 
liS^eiv 'AKi^av(^^6v cv t^ Act^«a B-^vcd Ka^ni^ov. a julIw cBi TrAiov ye -^ 
vrejg avTov ivvoiag tQ (^a^nMcdg ainTKCwdiv' aKh. o^ djipodg-ioLg "^K^S-a- 
vcdv cMYihv^Yi yLiyaKo-ne^iTitig', k^ Td(pov ixoo^^iv o ^^Tog 'ivr' avT^, tm 7rg- 
eAfjLiT^it) fjLiyav, u-v]/©-' TtYix^^ oyhYiKovla. Ta iJ K^-^ava Ti3-eA7r7rov Ki- 
KocTfjLYii^QV Kafji7i^S>g S^ B-dhaoyav KaTiKofx.i(Ti. 

lAi7<hm v7tie,^dKKeiv eig tIw 'lv<^iKlw, cdg ica^ 7i7\Yi^ei Kacpv^&iV tyiv 
^^Tidv riJ^Yi (ia^eiav k^ h(rKivYiTov ^aav, dfjL YifJLi^ct (TvviG-Kdba^rf^ctiv t^ 
dfJLa^&v, TT^odTag [B^ v7ti7:e,Yi(TiV Tag uvtQ k^ t^ iTcu^odV fX^ 3 TavT ag 



CMi- 



git Calliftheni. Ac pueri quidem, inquit, k- Ceterum hasc poftea funt infequuta. Dc- 

pidibus funt a Macedonibus cooperti : in fo- maratus Corinthius, jam annis gravis, affec- 

phiftam ego coniulam, 6c in illos qui eum tavit ad Alexandrum proficifci, eoque ad- 

miferunt, & oppidis fuis infidiantes mihi re- fpedo, magna ait voluptate Grscos fpolia- 

cipiunt. In quibus animum adverfus Arifto- tos, quotquot prius fato fun£ti eflent quam 

telem fuum detegit: fi quidem fuerat apud Alexandrum in folio Darii confpexiffent con- 

cum Callifthenes ob neceffitudinem educatui, fidentem. Fruftum tamen hic ex regis ami- 

quod effet ex Hero Ariftotelis confobrina edi- citia alium cepit nullum, quam quod mor- 

tus. DeceffifTe eum alii ab Alexandro fufpen- bo abfumptus quum effiet, elatus ab eo eft 

fum diftitant, in vinculis alii morbo afflic- magnifice, tumulumque ei aggeffiit exerci- 

tum ; Chares, poftquam comprchenfus fuit, tus ambitu magnum & cubitos oftoginta 

feptem menfes in vinculis cuftoditum, ut cxcelfum. Reliquias ejus quadriga fplendi- 

in concilio prasfente Ariftotcle judicaretur, de exornata ad mare deportari curavit. 

ac quo tempore in Mallis Oxydracis Indiie Porro in Indiam tranfiturus, ut vidit prae- 

fauciatus fuit Alexander, ex corpore fupra dae onere exercitum jam gravem & tardum, 

modum obefo Sc morbo pediculari exceflif- fimul atque diluxit, plauftris oneratis fua & 

fe. amicorum prima fuccendit. Inde Macedo- 

num 



AAESANAPOS. 77 

c4tgA<^(rg K^ Toug 'P^^ M.ciKi(^omv hveivou ttv^. >c, tQ Tr^yyictT^ to (2>a A<^- 
fJL(jL iLiei^ov k<poiVY}y itj (^avoT^ov Uv to i^yov. ohiyag (Mp yi mcLdiVi o\ 3 
7i7\H<^oi (ioyj -^ oLAcihciyfJ,co jwj cv^aa-ioLfriiLQ, tol ju9/) oLvafKcuoL Tolg ho- 
)oig fJLiTa.S'ii'ov\ig, tol q c^ovJol -^ X?^'^'^' cti^TJ? KOLTcLy.ouov\ig v^ <^iol~ 
ei^ovligy oe,yLr\g J^ Tr^oS-v/iiioLg cMS7fifjL7fhcL(roLV tov 'AAsJctf J^^oi/. mJ\) »9 <po~ 

(Sg^oV ^ >9 (Xf^^JTHT©^ KOAcL^rig TOdV 7V?\Y)IJL(JLi7\\iv\(x^V. K^ y) MiVOLvS^^OV TiVOL 

'p^ iTou^m, oi^x^vloL (p^aejiii mT0L9ri(rug, ag ^k l<^iihsTo ijSfav, oi^viKlei- 
Viv' yi^ Tov '^<Fo(.fl(t)V ^OL^^oi^odV 'O^^roMTluj ouuTog KOLTiTd'^i^(rsv. 7r^^oi- 

T« Ti>idv\(^ OL^VOL ^Ztfe« TH K€(pOLK\j ^iifJLOL K^ X^^f^'^ Tloi^g 'ix^vJcLy K^ 

S^K^vfj.ag iKaTi^od^iv cwtQ, ^hKvx^^<^ To (rY)fJ.eiov, hoL^oi^QY] f^ -^^m t^ 

BoL^cVKOivicdVf «V C^ i^'dg iJTYiyiTO 7r^g Toi TOlOUtJTOC (^lShiX^Yi Q TT^V T«V. 

(piAagy ag a ^t' olutov, ctAAot S^i cAieivag TOLP^-fJoiTO, fjLYj to k^t(^ elg 
d^^VYi j^ cLVOil\nv (JLvS-^cdTTov cMKi7rdv\(^ duutQ ^ZefeffnVM To S^oufxdvi.ov . « 
fjiljuu dKKoi ^ihTidv Ti (Tnfxeiov -j^df^ov tLuu oi^fjioLV %Kv(riV. d y) cJm 

'P^ (^^Ci)fJLOLT0(pV?\oiKCdV TiTOLyi^(^, oivYJ^ MotXgJ^&jV, dvOfA.OL U^^iV^^, TM 

(ioL(nKiKn (tkIuu^ X^&^^ d^vT^cdV a^^ tov 'fl^ov 7roTOLfidv, oiviKcLTw^iv 
7rYiyYiv vy^H Kittol^Q jc, 7rifj.sKc^(^iig' d7icLv\7\\:iiBp>i q t» ^r^ma, kol^ol^v. 
dvi^7\vl\v «cTw tIj SiOLuyig \7\ouov, aVg dafjj) (^okQv iiTS yt^aei iKcua S^lcl- 
(p^eiv, g-iK^oTYiTd TS }li Kmci^TYiToL 7:oLv\d7roL(TiV da^^K7\OLKlov' y^ TodjTOL, 
r x^&^^ y-^'^^ iKouoLg (pi^ii(rY]g. Kiyrrou (j8p hv k^ tovTI^ov olvtov eivou 

fJLAKOLKCdTOLTOV t'<^&)^, wVs TO ii^fLOL T^V ASiOf./^'»? cBlKlTFCUVeiV. K fjLyjy. 

dKKd 

num impedimentis imperavit fHbjici ignem. bylonios, quos de more trahebat fecum ad ta- 

Apparuit autem re confilium difficilius, ma- lia. Apud amicos vero negavit fua caufa fe 

gifque ftupendum inceptum. Paucos enim inde perculfum efle, fed ipforum, ne poft fa- 

toriit. Plerique clamore atque uluktu fublato tafua imperiumDeus in hominem degerierem 

tanquam divino quodam furore correpti, ne- Sc imbellem conferret. At oftentum oblatum 

ceflaria impertientes egenis, 6c qu£e ufui fu- lastiusconfternationemejus difcuflit.PrEefeftus 

pererant ibidem concremantes labefaftantef- enim eorum qui ftragulis erant appofiti, vir 

que impleverunt alacritate & ardore Alexan- Macedo (Proxeno nomen erat) dum taber- 

drum. Jam torvus elTe coepit 8c implacabilis naculo regio locum fodit juxta Oxum ara- 

in deliftis puniendis. Quippe ex cohorte a- nem, fontem detexit pinguis Sc oleofi liquo- 

micorum Menandrum, quod in prsfidio, cui ris. Ubi primum exhaufit, liquidum inde 6c 

eum prxfecerat, detreftaret manere, necavit. limpidum oleum emanavit, nec odore in fpe- 

Ex rebellantibus barbaris Orfodatem ipfemet ciem nec guftu ab oleo abhorrens, fplendo- 

confixit jaculis. Quum autem ovis agnum e- reque 8c pinguedine indifcreto -, idque illa re- 

didiflet, qui figuram 8c colorem tiarte in ca- gione oleas non gignente. Perhibetur ipfa 

pite, tefticulofque utrinque praeferebat, aver- quoque Oxi molliffima aqua efle, cutemque 

fatus eft portentum, atque expiatus per Ba- in eo lavantium pinguefacere. Mirifice ve 

ro 



78 AAESANAPOS. 

dKkai ^&uu^ct^&g 'AXi^oLV<^^(^ Yi^etg S^?\og mv, ci| av y^(pei Tt^g 'Av- 
TiTrAT^v, cv Toig fjLiyi^^oig tQto t^ >W ts ©sa yiyovoT(^v avim rt^ 
S-ifjS{j^. ol jULsivleigy c^x^o^a p^ ?-^noLgy STn-Kov^ q ;^ ;:^fltAg7rM? 
ro (TYjiuLeiov iTToiQvJo' TTovm ^ ot^&)y>if gAoMoi; oLV^§ca7roig -^jzim 0s'd Mo^. 
rioAAo) 106^0 ai/ ^ 7(xV f^cLX^'' «/^Ta ytiv^iwoi (nwi7ri(rQVj Kj T^ouufjLcKTiv 
Hdvimg dmvlmiv' tIw q 'K7\ei^hutj (p^o^v "^eJou -^^ civctfKuioi^v >t, JV^o-- 
K^(ricu tS (^ix^vl©^ oLTrei^yoLQ-oLvjQ r' <^^TiOLg. cwTog q Tohf/.n tIw tv- 

X^UU VTTi^l^OLhi^CU, K^ tIw SwU OLfJLtV GteiT^ CpiAon^an/^©^, S(PiV mTO 

Toig S-app^inv civoLhciiTov, «cTg ox^^^ ^^^ ''"'^'^^ (^ToKfjLoig. xiyiTcu ^ 

tIw ^i(ri,fjLYl3-^ii TTOXiO^mV TTiT^Vy OlCoLTOV ^(TCLV KCU CLTT^d^OLTOVj d- 
3-VfJLiii/lm "^ 7^TiOdT6dV, \^(idTYi(TOU TQV 'O^^VcI^tIjUU TTolog Tig OUUTOg «» 
tIw -^VX^ 'El(TiflYlS-^y)g' (Pv)<TOLv\(^ Q tS 'O^VOL^TH, (^ahOTOLTOV 

dv^^odnodVy 7\iyeig cry yg, (pcLvouy tIw Trk^v d?\(^(nfj,ov Y\fji2v avcu. 

TO "^ d^X'^^ OUUTY\gy iiK OX^tS^ ^'^^'^* TOUUtIw fj^ ^I/, cyK(pQ(^^<TOLg TOV 2<- 
(TlfjLYlS-^lw, 'iXOL^eV^ iTi^CL Q OfJLoioig )K^TOfJL(ti 7r^(T^0LK(^V T^g ViOdTi^ag T^ 

Moixg<^oi'6)i/, 'Ahi^oLV<^^v Tivd KOLhiii^ov 7[-^(ToLyQ^6Lj(TOLg, 'AAAa (Toi ye, 
Gi^TiVy dv<^^yoL^eiV 7r^(TY\Kei k^ (^id tIw iTruivvfjLiaLV. S7rd q 7\OLfjL7r^&g 
ay&)M^of4u©-' VicLviag sVgo-gi/, « fwreJi.(tig i(^Yix^t). tm q KOLT^nf^r) NyVw 

T6)l/ JAOLKi^OVOdV (^KViivJddV Tr^^CTdyeiV, (ji^ y^ TTOTOLflOg Y)V TT^g OUUTn ^OL- 

S-vg ) Sh<^dg, Ti y)y €i7rev, 6 KdKic;^ hyoo veiv iiK ifioL^ov ; k^ «cTj) i^m 
tIw d(mi<^oL •me^dv Yi^ihmiV. i7r« o KeLT0L7rc(ju(T0Lii](^ ty)V fJLdxlw duutQ, 

7roL^- 

ro ere6lum eo Alexandrum fuifle ex epiftolis ipfe haberet Sifimethres. Quum refpondiffet 

cjus ad Antipatrum liquet : ubi in maximis Oxyartes, omnium hominum eum trepidiffi- 

hoc a Deo fibi oblatis oftentis reponit. Vates mum efte, Profeflo tu, dixifie, petram nobis 

id pro gloriofi quidem, fed operofi belH gra- oftendis efle fuperabilem, quando is qui prx- 

vifque prodigio habuere: nam ad labores a eft ei non munitus eft. Atque ita cepit eam 

Deo docuerunt datum hominibus oleum leni- pavore Sifimethri inje£to. Alteram perinde 

mentum. abfciflam Macedonum juventute adortus, 

Et multa fane ei in proeHis ibi pericula oc- quendam Alexandrum nomine appellavit, 6c, 

currerunt, 6c vulnera inconfulte accepit. Ma- Te vero, inquit, fortem efl"e vel nominis 

ximam autem exercitus ftragem anguftix ne- caufa decet. Quum hic juvenis fortiter pug- 

ceflariorum 8c coeli intemperies invcxere. II- nans cecidiflet, haud mediocriter perculfus 

le vero fuperare fortunam audacia & vires eft. Nyfam appellatam detreftantibus Ma- 

virtute enitens, nihil cenfebat audentibus in- cedonibus oppugnare (etenim amnis altus 

expugnabile, vel munitum efle animofis. Fa- fubluit cam) fubfiftens, Cur ego, inquit, 

ma eft Sifimethris obfidentem petram aviam miferrimus non didici natare .'' Jamquc 

& inacceflam, defpondentibus animos militi- clypeum tenens tranfmeare parabat. Poft- 

bus, de Oxyarte eum exquifivifle quid animi quam pugna quondam ab eo comprefla, 

f mifll 



AAESANAPOS. 7<) 

6(p'^ek dB-ioc/LTtSjT©^ o) Tolg ottAo^, cJiiT^M^iV ow^VaV" iTretTct 7r^(rKi(pcx.- 
?\aiii nvoc ouut^ y.ofjLi^iv}(^r cMiAdjcr^ ?\ci^ovlet Kix.S-i(rai t6v tt^s^t^vtcitov' 
"Mii^pi^ QAi&J\mo. ^twixcL(TGL<; 8V Tm KcL^TT^TYiTa: T^ (ptAa.vB-^(i)mGLv 6 
"Ajca(+)^, iif&iVct Ti ^^MTcu TToiSvJoLg cwT^g Ix^^ (pi?\ii^. (pmcL^^ T^ 
'AAsla^ViT^», (t\ ySp owTov GL^x^vJcL mTct<^Tn(Ta.]i]a.? avToSv, vr^g q ^juag 
mfjL-^avla? kaTov av^^g raV deA^^af yihddag 6 ''Ma^pigj aKKa jSsA- 
TioVy ^TTiVi d^^oo, (2>o(.(rih(^, t«V mn^^g n^g crg TUifx-^ag fxd7\Kov yj t«V 

'O Ta^i?\y\g ^^tytTcu fAp r' 'ivJ^img g;^fij/ iuloI^v »?c "^t^inu-av Ai- 
yvTfJa t6 fuLiys^'^, S<cotov q k^ Ka?\?\Ua^7rov ca> Tolg fLoH^^a' (ro(p6g <^i 
Tig dv6^ etvtu, >t, tov 'Ahi^avS^^v daTTafrdi^^, tI S^ei iro^K^fjLOdv, (pdvcu, 
yy pidx^^i ^!^^'^ 'A.Xi^av^e,i Tr^g d?\?\i?\>ig, d iu.nTi v^od^ d<paipw6ij^^ 
wf/5^ d<pn^ou, fjLYiT^ T^oCpnv dvafkouav ; vn\^ m fjL6v(t)V dvdfKY] S^iafJLdx^^ 
v^v ix^'^^^ ctv3-f &)Vot?. Tol,g o d?\?\oig x^^f^'^'^^ ^ KlrifyLa(Ti T^iyofj^oig, et fjQp 
HjULt xf«VI&)V, %ToifjL(^ <£ iToteiv' « Q n-flcdV, ii (pdjycji ;:^ag/y ^x^^ ^^ Tra- 
B(£tv- n^etg iv 6 'AAsJctvc^^(^, ^ h^tcd(TdfA^j(^ avTov, 'H tt^ voiuLi^etg, 
i<pY\, i^ix^ (^X^'^ iTi^cu. TY\v tvlSo^iv YifJAV >W TOt^TOdV ?\6ym yi^ (piKo- 
(p^TtJULiY\g ; otAA' iiHv (Toi 7r?\iov' kyod y) dyodVtSfjLou w^g crg j^ S^tafJLa- 
X^f^^ Toug ;:^cte/o-{f, &)V fJLH x?^'^^'^ ^^ f^^ ^zefec^f^uV ?\a^(idv q S^od^ 7ro?\- 
Act, /^ cf*»V TThetova, TgA(^ ;^tAict Td?\av\a vofjLi(TfA.aT(^ av^A Tr^i^rtev. i(p' 

oig 

miffi a civitatibus obfeffis legati fupplices quum falutaret Alexandrum, dixifTe, Quid 

eum adiere, primum obftupuere, quum in bellis inter nos 8c proelio Alexander opus eft 

armis eum fine ulla pompa contemplarentur. quum neque aquam nobis ademptum neque 

Hinc pulvinum qui allatus fibi erat, accipere, viftum neceflarium veneris ? pro quibus folis 

& confidere maximum natu (Acuphi nomen necefte habent homines fani decertare. Reli- 

erat) iulTit. Cujus admiratus benignitatem & quis vero opibus & facultatibus, quas vocant 

humanitatem Acuphis, qurefivit quibus con- fi ego abundantior fum, impertiar tibi li- 

ditionibus ipfos recipere in amicitiara vellet: bens> fin inferior, non recufo accipere abs 

refpondente Alexandro, Ut teipfum patrije te grato animo beneficium. Deleftatus ea 

tnx principem imponamu?, 6c vos centum ad orationc Alexander, illumque complexus, An 

nos viros optimos mittatis : arridens Acuphis, tu , inquit , pugna arbitraris ex tah fer* 

Atqui melius, inquit, imperavero, rex, Ci de- mone 8c comitate coUoquium fore immu- 

terrimos ad te potius quam optimos mifero. ne ? At mhil proficis: quippe contendam 

Taxiles perhibetur Indiae obtinuifle iEgyp- tecum & depugnabo beneficiis, ne me fu- 

to non anguftiorem laxitate portionem, pa- pcres benignitate. Ac muneribus acceptis 

bulo autem lastam fcscundamque frudibus multis , datifque pluribus , denique mille 

imprimis, ac vir ipfe fapieiis fuifle; atque talenu argenti fignati ei propinavit. Qiia 

rc 



8o AAESANAPOS. 

fji€^6dTi^0dg g;^«t/ TT^V CLVTOV. kna i) TWI/ 'ivJ^WV oi fJiCLX^fJLmcLTQI. fJU^O- 

(po^Svlig Im^oiTm T&ug TroMG-iv gpp&)f/^'6)^ cLfJivvovligy i^ kcltoL 7To7\7\oi tov 
'A?.i^dLV<^^ov cjnctKOTroinVj ojJH(TCLtJup(^ h TLVk TToAei TT^og avT^g, oLTriovJoig 

h oS^Od 7\0L^CdV-, ciTTOLvloLg OLTTiKietViV. ^ tQtO Tolg TTOXilULDLolg t^yoig OLVtQ 

tglTkTkol vofjLifJL(t>g -^ (ioL(nXimg 7ro7\.€fJLn(roLv](^, &)V xjiaW "^^ocre^iv. a;c gAotcr- 

C-QVOL TiiTCdV 01 (pl7KO(70(p0l TT^yfJLOLTOL VTOL^ii^OV OLVTW, T«V Tg 7r^0(Tn~ 

S-i^jng ^ ^0L(Ti,7\im KOLM^ovlig, K, T»V ihdjS^^dg ^i\fjL\ig oicpi^oLvJeg. S^io 

Kj TiiTm TTOAAaV QM^if^GL(riV. 

ToL TT^og Hod^ov oLVTog CJD Tcug cfk<^o7\ciug dg l^r^x^^ yiy^(piv. 
<pw\ ^ QJt fJLidod T&v <^^TQ7ri(^m t5 'X^oiocuii piov](^, oLvii^r^o^^ag WoLvloL 

Tiig 2hi(pOLvJoLg oiei TOV ITwfOI/ cMlTYi^eiv TYIV hcL^OL(TlV. CILVTOV fjSjJ Jt/ Xfltd' 

YifJLi^v iKOL<g-lw -^Q^pov ^coieiv Kj B-o^v^cov cv tw s-^TO^riS^cd Trohtu), iB-i^QvloL 
T^g (^oL^^oL^ag fJLn (poCei^cu' vvKiog o x^f^^^^ ^ ctff-gAwi/a, 7\ol^ov\ol Tm 
7^iQ^v fjLi^(^, h^teig q t»V ;c^t<V»?, k^ 7T^oiX^ov]oL Tro^ca t&v 7ro7\ifjLim, 
hcK7ii^(TajL 7r^og vyktov «' fjLiydTljLV. c^olvB-ol q poLyS^cua fd^ o%;;^u9li/7(^ 
ofjL^^-6, 7r^Y)<FYi^m TroAKm k^ Ki^uiioSv eig to <^^T()7riS'ov (pi^ofj8pm, o- 
fjLoag o^Sv "^hhvfjSfjag Tivdg jc, (TVfA,(p7\syQf^iig ^sm t£v Ki^cwvodV, >W -^ 
VY^^TiSog (X^g, 7r^o(T(pi^sSrou Toug civ\i7ti^,g o-^^cug. t^^^v qtoi/ 'T(^oLazrYiv 
ijsT^' T8 ;:t^«|W,6)i/o? cJhovloL )^ fJLiTi(t>^oViiKe,YiyfjLOL 7roi,Y\(Tcu fjLiyoL, ^ 7roXv fJLi^Og 

CMeivn (p^i^CU tQ '^djfJLOLT^' CLVTOg 3 ^i^OL^OU TO fJLi(TOV «' jSg^CM&)?j oiTi 

re torfit amicos acriter, fed barbaros multos ro ftrepitum in caftris 6c tumultum quo- 

fibi reddidit manfuetiorcs. Bellicofiffimi Indi tidie ingentem excitafle, quo afliiefaceret 

militabant mercede: hi urbcs ftrenue defen- fuos non formidare barbaros. Hinc nofte 

debant, multifque modis Alexandrum fatiga- brumali & obfcura cum parte peditum 8c 

bant. Cum his inducias in oppido quodam leftiflimis equitibus procul fe ab hoftibus 

fecit, mox recipicntes fe in itinere oppreflit: progreflum, in infulam non magnam tranf- 

quae rebus illius bello geftis, jufte aHas & re- mififle. Ibi imbre ingentibus procellis fu- 

galiter bellantis, quafi labes adhaefit. Non fo, crebrifque in exercitum prefteribus 8c 

minus quam hi, infeftabant eum philofophi: fulguribus cadentibus , folvifle tamen, 

qui reges Alexandro qui fe conjunxerant, in- quamvis interire nonnuUos 8c perftringi 

fedabantur, 8c liberos populos foHcitabant: fuhuine videret, atque ex infula fe ad ul- 

quapropter multos cx his fufpendit. teriorem ripam contendifl^e. Hydafpem, 

Cum Poro afta ipfc in epiftolis, quemad- quum ex illa tempeftate torrens 8c tumi- 

modum funt gefta, prodidit. Ait enim inter- dus ferretur, perrupifle grandi eluvie ri- 

labente utraque caftra Hydafpe, Porum ele- pam , magnamque partem illac undae dc- 

phantos femper frontibus ad fluvium convci- currifle. Terram fe intermediam cepifle 

fis tenentem captafle tranfitum fuum j fe \ e- non ftabili pede, utpote lubricam , quana 

undi- 



AAESANAPOS. 8i 

'i^ri (TVUJoT^^ouvov v^ (^ji'^y\yvvi^ov. Q^OLv^ct q «Vaij' (poidkv clvtoV) « 
'K^lwcuQh oi^ yz •Ki^r^JdcuTi oiv Y\AiK^g -^sm^oi^ mS^iwag mKOL t' -kol^ 
vfxiv ^^o^iol;j (i70\oi tQto |w^j 'OvwUeAT©-' He^nuv' avTog S^i (pmiv^ 
Toig YiS^ioLg oi(piv]ag OLVT^g (^ Tm onXm to tK^nyjLLOL o^ict^cuvm dxtf- 

U.OL<^&V ^^iX^l^''^''' ^^^^^^ 0> '^^^ T^iQ^V eiKOG-l 9CLSl^g Tr^oiTCTT^G-CUy Ao- 

yil%lj^(^i « (jS{j oi TToKifjLioi Toig miioig TT^ocr^cLKom, noKv y,Pcf,TY\(THV' ii 
Q mvohv TYiv (poihaFyoL, ^OwVg^ t»V ml^ig clvt^ 7r^o<T^{Joij8{Jiig' ^OLTi^ov 
Q (TvfJL^YiVou. T^v y^ l-niiim ^^^tA/a^, )^ t&v d^fJLoiTc^v i^YiKovloL (rv{JL7ri(rdvJoL 

T^i-^oifjSp^B^j TOL {j8p (X.^lU.OLTOL KOL^HV CtTIOivloLy T6dtf S' mmCtiV oiviXetV 

TiT^x.o(ri'dg. iiTCd <^Yi (rvfjL(p^ovn(roLv}oL Tov n&)^of (idg oLVTog m SiOL^i^Y\mg 
' Khk^OLvS'^^^, cBnivou jULiToi 7roi(Tng r' StwoLfxsodg, 7rXnv oaov \fjjno^(^v eivou 
Toig (^iOL^^cuva^n tS^v MoLKiS^dv&iV otTrgAJTrsi/. (po^n^eig q tcl B-neJ-oL -L to 
7rA«3"©-' TCdV 7roMfJ.ict)Vy avTog (j^ h<rei(rai KaToi B-oiTi^ov Ki^g, >tom ^ 
7^ h^icd 7re,o(T^a7\eiv KiMvcrca. 'j^ofM{jng o T^07rng haTi^od^iv, dvax^^^^v 
dei TT^dg Ta S-neJ-a v^ (TUjuei7\ei<^ Ta? oM^ia^ofp^j^ig. o^iv n^n ty\v (JLaxl^ 
dvafJLifJLiyfj^hju eivau, kcu fjLoAig dyHng oj^.g dTuei^teiv T^g 7^o\ifLi'6g. 
TavTa (jS{j bi/ 7" fJLaxy^^ 7i'oinTng avTog C4> tom^ oBn^^oKoug ei^nKiV. ol q 
TrhHfoi T^v crvFy^cpiOdv dfj,o?KoyQ(Ti, tov TLdd^ov v7ri^cd^ov\a Tiord^m Ttn- 
X^v (WiB-aiuLn to fjLnKf^ hTrdTH, fjLnd^h X^cJVtv 7r^dg Tdv ihi(pav\a crvfjL- 

fJLiTe/CLy Sid TO fJLiyd©^ KCU TOV ofKOV tQ (Tod fJLaT^S^' KOUTOi fJLiyiS''^ Y}V 

iM(pag. (TuxjiTiv Q BouufjLOL^nv l^rM^aTo kou KnhfJLovlav tQ (la^Tihicag, sp- 



undique lacerabat unda. Ibi dixifle autu- fe intulifle, non pluribus ibi reli£lis quana 

mant eum, Quis credat, Athenienfes, quan- qui tranfitum impedirent Macedonum. Bel- 

ta pcricula veftri praeconii caufa fubeam? luamm & hoftium multitudinis metu in 

Caeterum hoc prodiditOnelicritus. Ipfe au- alterum cornu invedrum fe, cseteros immi- 

tor eft ratibus reliftis Macedonas fub armis fifle omnes in dextrum. Utroque averfo 

eluviem illam fuperaffe, pertingente ad peftus cornu, eos qui premebantur ad beftias fem- 

unda. Amne trajeiVo viginti ftadia fe antc per fe recepifle, atque ibi agmen coegilTe, 

peditatum proveftum : fi hoftis confligeret Inde promifcue pugnatum, ut vix oftava 

fecum equitatu, multo fe ratum fuperiorem hora hoftes terga dederint. Hsec ipfe proe- 

forej fin moveret peditatum, mature pedi- hi autor recenfuit in epiftolis. Porum ple- 

tatum fuum fe confequuturum. EvenifTe al- rique fcriptores confentiunt quatuor cubi- 

teram : nam fudifie fe mille equites & cur- tos pah-no excedentem , ob corporis emi- 

rus fexaginta, qui fecum fuerant congreffi. nentiam fic molem, elephanto, quantumvis 

Currus cepifle omnes, equites quadringentos fuerit grandis, equitis portione refpondif- 

occidifi*e. Ica advertente Poro ipfum tranf- fe. Mirificam folertiam ha:c bellua demon- 

mififie Alexandrum , €um omnibus copiis flravit & folicitudinem pro rege. Qui eum 

VoL. IV. L ad- 



82 A A E S A N A P O S. 

i^^^iTo ^«Awf 7rA«d« Y^ T^cujfJLCLTm noifjLVovloL, <^ei(rcig fJLn <^?fe«ppyw, Tolg 
jLLiv yovoLcnv «V ylw vCprim Tr^cla? ioujTov, t« o iv^vofxciici. 7\cLfJL^cLvm cLTe^i- 
fJLcL '^iS (^o^Tim im<^oVj cJ^n^ev tQ (rc^fjLOLT©-'. STrci q M^p^ivlct tov TI^^v 
AAi^cLV<^^(^ ri^ooTOL TTC^g ouut4 X^^^\)^ (hoLcriTvimg, dTnr Tr^crnvSofjLi- 

fa Q, fLYlTl oiXhO 7\iyCiy TlcLvloL-, eiTTiV, B91V CM tJ (^OL(TiKlK.0dg. ii fJLOVOV ^V 

d^iiuv cujTov diex^v (i>v h^oi^riAdjiv, (roLT^Trlw m?\ii(jS-pov,oLh?\oL j^ 7r^o(r- 
iB-ms x^&^^^ ^ '^^'^ (JLVTovofjL-ag mTOL^^^i-^oi-fjSf^^', cv « mvliKouhm 
fJLiv iS-VYi, TToAetg Q mvJoLKio^thictg oL^ioXoyag, mfj.oLg<^\ TicLfJLi^oXKcJig avca 
(pcL(riv' (x7\7\bju .^\ Tg/V to(TclvtIjuu, Y\g ^i7\innov tivol i^ iTou^odv dOLT^nrM 

Ek q -? TT^g Ucd^ov fLcix^^ y^ Bhi/tsCpa^Act? \Ti7\^TmiV, iiK <<lj^vg, 
cl7\7\ vs^e^v, 6)V oi 7r7\€ig-oi 7\iyii(riV, vzu^ T^ouufJLOLTCdV ^io^TrdjoijSp^^' odg 
'Ovwri>tejLT(^, iioi yri^g v%i^7rov©^ 'j^jdfjSpd^^TeAciKovJct y^ st^^ >C73- 

B-OLViiV CUJTOV. i^Y)X^^ ^' '%^f^^ ' h.Ki^CLvS'^^^, iiJ^h (JLA7\0 Y) (TUJUnSYl T^ (pi~ 

7\ov ')><7ro^iQ7\Y\KiV(u vofJLiljt^v' v^ 7rd7\iv ohi(roLg W cujtu a^^ tov 'X<SoLcmhuu, 
BiiK€(pa7\ioLV 7r^(rY)yd§<^(r€V. 7\syQ q •^kuuucl UieJiTctv ovofJLOL TsQ^^ufSfjov 
vTf duutQ /^ ^i^ydf^ov X^ociA&)\ kIig-du 7fd7\iV IwodVvfLov. tSto 3 2&)t/&U' 

<pY)(r]v TloTOLfJLOdV^ CLKHdCU Tii Ai(T^iii. 

TyV f^Toi yicLKiSdvoLg d 7r^g TL^p^v oiyo^v cLfjL^KvTi^Hg i7roin(rsv, jl 

TO TT^CTCd T' 'ivS^mg iTl 7I^(Ti7\^eiV gTTg^gl/. fJLd7\ig y^) C/KHVOV 0d(TOLf^0lj 

Sl(T- 
adhuc valentetn adorientes animofe excepit & Ex proelio cutn Poro commiflb Bucepha- 

rejecit : ut vero telorum S^ vulnerum vi fen- las mortuus ell, non extemplo, fed poft, ut 

fit confeftum, veritus ne deflueret, genibus plerique produnt, fub vulnerum curatione: 

leniter humi demifit fe, & probofcide fingula ut Oneficritus eft autor, ob fenium labore 

jacula fenfim ex corporc ejus evulfit. Ut confeftus. Nam triginta annorum setate ait 

captum Alexander Porum rogavit quomodo eum deceflifle. Mortem ejus tulit Alexander 

de ipfo confuleret, Regaliter, refpondit. Ad- graviter, non aliter exiftimans quam fi fami- 

jiciente Alexandro nihilne aliud vellet, Om- liarem & amicum amififiet. In memoriam c- 

nia, inquit, verbum Regaliter compleditur. jus fuper Hydafpem condidit urbem, quam 

Igitur non modo ci priftinum i-egnum fub appellavit Bucephaliam. Ferunt canem quo- 

fatrapae nomine reftituit, verum etiam adjecit que eum, Peritam nomine, aUtum ab ipfo 

liberoruni ibi populorum, quos fubcgit, re- atque in deliciis habitum amififte, urbemque 

gionem : in qua nationes quindecim, urbium erexifle ei cognominem. Id Sotion de Pota- 

non mediocrium quinque millia, & vicos mone fe Lesbio narrat audivifle. 
quam plurimos memorant fuifTe. Aliam do- At Macedonas illa cum Poro pugna reddi- 

muit ter tantam, cujus Philippo uni ex co- dit fegniores, reprefiitque, ne peterent ulte- 

horte amicorum pr^Ce^uram dedit. riorem Indiam. Quura enim xgre pepuhfTent 

4 illum 



A A E S A N A P O S. 83 

'Am^M^(o (iial^^QfjSpod >9 Tov Toifyluu m^<rcu tvotclllov^ ive,^ fAp cw- 
tQ S^vo >9 TeAclKov]oi ^cti^ioav avca nvuu^ctvoi^oh v^ ^cL^(^ oeyv^ciq iKci- 
Tov' dvliTri^a^ o Tcig ox^ci<; )K7^KiK^v(p^cu Trhn^iG-iv Qn7\m -^ hnm ri^ iM~ 
(pdvlm. ih.iyovlQ -jB okI6) iBp fJLve^dS^ctg iTrirQT^, eiHQG-t o Tr&^coVy OL^fj.ctTOL 
oKlotKt^/Afct, K^ f^ctXiH-ag i?\i(pctvlag i^am^ixiiig ^x^vln; oi TcLvi^cteA'^^ 
TL T[^ou<rioi)V (^ao-iAeig \^f4o«v. )^ >to'^7r©^a;t Itv cskl toJjtgl. 'KvS^eJx-oT- 
t(^ y^ v<^ie3^ ^ TToAAw flaL(Ti7\^(T0Lg, ^iKSjKCt) 7riv]oLy.o(riiig 2?\i(poLvJoLg 
sS^cd^wctTo, yi f^T» iLtve/oL(riv i.^Y\Kov\ct tIw 'ivS^iKlw tmX^iv ai7^ct(Ta.v Ka- 
Tag-^i(po(Ap(^. To fjS{j ^y Tre^moVy \kjD S'vSrvfj.ictg v^ o^yng ojutov dg tIw 
(tkIwyjv KaB-ei^^ag iKHTo, x^^^ ^hfjiiav eiJ^c^g Tolg Sia7ri7r^ff£{joig, d /uLYi 
7rep^(r£iiv tov YoLfylw, aAA Siof/.QXoymiv Yi-f^ng Ti^ifA[j(^ tyip oLvax^^^^- 
<nv. &)? i) oiTe <^tAot TOL HKOTa Tva^nyo^iivlig cujtov, oi rs ^^ti^tgu kKguj^- 
fjL^ y^ jSoM TT^^cri^-otjUtS^ot Toug B-v^oug iKiTSuov, cJmKKaSreig civi^ivyvviVy 
TTo AAoi TTfo^ S^o^av ci7iaTYi7\d y^ (ToCpis^iKd fA.nxctvodA>(^' J^ T^ oVAot fJLet- 
l^ova yi (paTvag mTroiv y^ pj^^aAtfbV (^a^vTi^ng KaTa(TK^d(Tag, ctTrsAtTrg rs 
yi Siim-^iv. ii^e,v<jaTQ o ^onfJL^g Si^v, ^g fJLixeJ^ ^"^ ol U^ou(Tiouodv (ia(Ti- 
Tvelg Aa^cuvovleg (ri^cov^-, J^ S-vii(TiV 'EAXlwiKdg B-v(Tiag. 'AvJ^^(^kot](^ q, 
fxet^Kiov 6)!/, ouuTov 'AAgJctfJ^^v eihv, k^ Asy^ TToAhaKig eiTreiv ij^i^ov, 
cdg Tfa^' iihv YjA^v Td 7r^yfjLaTa 'Ka^eiv 'AAeJai/c)^^©-', f^LKraf^vn ts Kj 
HaTa(p^Qvaf£^ii tS (ha(TiAwg hd f/.ox^neAav v^ h^T^^etav. 'Ev~ 

illum qui viginti millia peditum & diio mil- rerum perpetratarum, nifi Gangem fuperarer, 

lia equitum in aciem adduxcrat, obnixe re- & pro confeflione viftum fe efle, habebat re- 

ludtati Alexandro funt, fuperare contendenti ditum. At ubi amici eum, prout erat, fua- 

etiam amnem Gangem : cujus accipicbant la- dentes, afliftentefque foribus cum plan£tu & 

titudinem duorum 6c triginta ftadiorum efle, fl:repitu railites fupplices oraverunt, infradtus 

& ulnarum centum profunditatem,ripasulte- paravit fe ad reditum, multaque fucata 6c 

riorcs peditum,equitum,elephantorum agmi- commentitia eft glorice caufi machinatus. 

nibus coopertas. Siquidem famatenebat o6to- Quippe grandiora arma & equorum prjefepia 

ginta equitum millibusjducentispeditum, cur- frsenaque fabricatus ponderoiiora,.reiiquit 5c 

ruum ofto, 8c elephantorum bellatorum fcx difleminavit. Pofuit pr^terca Deorum aras, 

millibus munitosGandaritarum 8c Prsefiorum quas hac quoque memoria Pr.xfiorum reges 

reges ibi eum operiri. Neque ea vane jac- trajefto flumine venerantur, immolantqueho- 

tata. Androcottus enim, qui non multo poft ftias ibi Grsco ritu. Androcottus id tempo- 

regnavit, elephantos Seleuco quingentos do- ris adolefcens ipfum Alexanarum vidit, fer- 

Tiodedit,8c fexcentis miliibus militum Indiam turque fsepe poftea dixifle, nihil faitum fuifle 

peragrans, omnem redegit in poteilatem. Hic propius quam ut rerum illic Alexander poti- 

primum animi moerore &: ira tabernaculo in- tus fuiflet, quod rex ob improbitatem £c 'io~ 

clufus abjecit fe io terram, pcenitebatque eum nobilitatem invifus atque contemptus eflt;t. 

L i Inde 



84 AAESANAPOS. 

fjS{j(B^ yol\aum. 6 q ttA^? a;t d^yoq h »J*g "MMfji^^' 7te,o(T^ci7<Km 3 
Touq TToMa-iv K^ ^^^ctivm, ix^^^To Tidvlct. Tt^og 3 ToHg }tcL7\>iiBpoig MciK- 
^.olg, hg (pct<Tiv 'Ii/J^wv fjL(i'/^kfJL(^iXTMg *^gc3i> fjHK^ov Wim^v ^cLTcDLomvcv., 
TaV \^ y^ ctv^^odTrag (iiMdiv }k7i6 'P^ Ta^m dnoTKii^ci^riv' Tr^ar©^ q 
^id }i7\ifjLcjL)t(^ Ti3-€i(rYig dvct^dg cJm t6 Tftx^y ^^ '^ "^^ ithifJLci^ crvHTejL" 

€«, itj T^J fioL^^d^CtiV V(pl90L{^6dV CZ^ t6 THX^r» iKdfJL^AVi TTMydg v.d- 

TOd^tv-, oAtyoW? odv, (Tv^^i^^ctg ioLtJT^v «V fJLicmg d(pwiv raV TToKifting, j^ 
^ Tv^huu o^^og gfJi. TivcL^af^a q To^g oTrKotgj i^o^av o\ (^d^^aeot crihag 
T* ;J <pd(Tfta 7r^6 tQ (TOdfjLaT^^ (pi^i<^. (^16 >^ t6 ir^mov i<pvyov -^ S^n- 
KTKiS^d^rri^rav' cog o h<^ov auVoi/ fJ^ <^veiv v7ra(^is-0i)V, Sm^^ftovlig, 01 ySp 

CJK X^^^^ ^i(Pi(TlV K^ ^O^mV hd "^ 'oTThCdV (TVViTiT^OtXTKOV dfJ.VVOfJJ^VOV' Hg 
ftlZ^6v d7r(t}Tie0ii '^dgy i<pmiV ^CJO TO^-d (iiA^ iiTOdg iVTOVOV K^ (iicaoVr 

coaT& t6v S-OdP^xa haKo^^av IfMKayriVou Toig <3fei roi; fjLa^6v oTioig. Tr^og 
Q Tnv TTMyYjV cAi^6ij](^ avT'd t6 (TOdfxa k^ x.dfJL-^avl^', 6 fBp (^ahodv iTri- 
^^f^, cma(Tdfj^(^ (^a^CaeA^YjV fjLdx^-^V IJ^Kic-ctg q k^ AifxvdK^ 
7F§o(Ti<TYi(Tav' U)V 7[M^T0dv haTi§0i)Vy 6 f^ d^Ti^aviv, I\Sjy.i<^ag q dvlii- 
Xiv. t6v 3 ^d^^a^ov ' KT^i^avS'^^^ d^riKletviv' avT^g q T^avftaTa 7ro7\Kd 
TKafJL^dvcov, TiK(^ 5 7TKY\yeig v7ri^od r^ t5 T^axnh^iy 7r^o(TY\^mi t^ Tcix^i t6 
(T(ifx.a-> (^Tyiirodv 7rp6g tsV 7rohifti^g. cv TaVw iJ 'Pi^ MaKiS^ovodv fu^x^^^^'^^-* 

d^Tva^eig, 

Tnde pergens Alexander ad contemplandum gam cfFufl fiint: caeterum ut duobiis tantum 

■Qceanum, frequentes naves adtuarias & rates comiiatum armigeris confpexere, imprellio- 

^arat, iifque fecundo flumine per otium de- ne fafta, alii comrainus gladiis lanceifque tra- 

fertur. Non fuit inanis ea navigatio tamen jecerunt arma ejus, pugnantemque fortiter 

neque belli exfors. Nam defcenfionibus fa- convulneraverunt. Unus paulo remotior fa- 

ciendis urbibufque oppugnandis omnia rede- gittam arcu excuflit tanta vi & impetu, ut 

git in potcftatem. In Mallis vero, quos Indo- adafta per loricam in coftas ejus fecundum 

rum perhibent bellicofifrimos fuifle, penecon- mammam defigeretur. Ad it^lum remittente 

cifus efl. Cives enim telis a muris rejecit, Alexandro & inclinante corpus, ille qui mi- 

pofitifque fcalis in murum evafit primusrquae ferat fagittam, enfe diftriflo barbarico occur- 

ubi imminut^ funt, atque a barbaris infra rit. Afliftebant ei Peuceftas & Limnjeus, qui 

dlantibus juxta murum multa tela ingeftapau- vulnerati ambo, alter cecidit, Peuceflas re- 

cis comitato, librato corpore in medios fiiltu ftitit : barbarum Alexander obtruncavit. 

fe immifit hofles, & forte fortuna fe pedibus Multis confixus vulneribus, tandemque iftus 

exccpit. Cujus vibrantibus armis, jubar ali- piftillo in collo, corpus moenibus applicuit 

quod & fpeftrum barbaris videbatur pro cor- ad hoftes refpiciens. Interea circumfunden- 

pore ejus obverfaiu. Unde primum in fu- tibiis fe Macedonibus abreptus, femianimif- 

que 



AAESANAPOS. 83 

d^TTd^&i?, oLVcu^y)T&' i]^y) 'P^ ^ cwtqv S^ (r>d//jyi? cAiofjLi(^iTo. k^ 
a^vTka jwS^J &)V Te^vio^T(^ Iw hoy(^ h tJ ^^ptTomi^^f^' ;:^aAg7r&)? o 
7L. TtohvKomt; Tov oi<7ov cM7reA(ra.v}m ^vAivov ovlcti j^ t^ 3-c^^)i(B^ ^TOd fxo, 
M >^Au5ev](^, ^ tIu) cAotoM syivovJoj -^ ciyJ<^(^ bihS'v'/.\\cig hv m 
-^ oVe&)v. Asyg^ ^^ ^V -K^hdT^', TejL(^v i^dKlvKoiV uvouy to q ^Ji;i©-, 
Tgorctf6)f. <^io Tcui heiTroB-v/LLmg \[yv<^cL ^dvdvd (riwiXcwVQfj^(^, (^cu^a- 
f^f]g ouuTrigy ofJLO^g dvi^hoL^iV. Kj i^icKpvycidV tov MiwoVy in. j cl^iVYig uv, 
y] TToAujt) xd^^^ ^ S^t-ouTY} K^ ^g^TT^cw? tx^^^ cwTov, gj&) ^-o^v^Svlcig ag 

K^iTO TtO^^vloLg OUUTOV iS^iiv T«V MctXec^oW?, Act^&)l/ IjLLOLTiOV W^nhd-iV, Kj 

Sv(roLg Toig Qioh cwS-ig dviihS-iVy k^ -KOL^iyio^i^iTo %&)'^v ts TrohhUu k^ 
Tfohetg ynydhOLg }iGLTOL9^i(poi^(^. 

T^v yvfjLVO(ro(pkg-^v T^g fj.cL7\i'T0L tov Xol^^^olv oLVoL7rei(roLvloLg "^'^b/jcuj 
ii KODid. nhci^^oL Toig Moi^tsJ^oVt c:^^^/ov\agi hct^^c^v (^koij J^eiv^g ^oK^i^ag 
^vou ^zefet Tdg ^>ieji(j-c-ig >c, (^e^x^^^y^^o i^(*^TY)fxcLTCL 7r^iiyp^(ptv cwToig 
d-KoeoC (pY\(Tctg ^hniKliveiv tov p) o^B-^g ^^KeAVOf^ov tt^ootov, cItol h(pi^ng 

iiTOd Tdg cl'AAa?. 'iVOL Q TOV 7i:^€(rCvTOLT0V QMi7\^(Ti }ieJt.VeiV. fj8{J ^V TT^idT©-' 

^(iiTY)B-eig, 7tQTie^v oii) T^g (Jwfe dvcu 7rh€iovoLg, w TaV Ti^vnitoTdg, l(pn 

T^g l^l^vloLg' ^K iTk "^ HVOU THg T€^Vi]KOTOLg. Q l^djTi^©-', TiOTie^^ tIw 

ylw Y) Triv S-dhoL-floLV fjLeil^iVci T^t(peiV B-neJct' tIuj yluj. TcwTY)g y^ i(pY) fxi- 

^©^ ^VOU tLuJ B-dhOL-vlcLV. Q TeJ-T^^, TroHoV S^IV ^OdOV TrctVH^yQTOLTOV' Q 

fJLixt^ Tb vwj, eiTTev, dvB-^oin^B^ iiK tyvctiuv. o q TiTCL^T^^ dvoLKejLVop^^^ 

TiVi 

que jam in tabcrnaculum efl relatus : ac mox Ex Gymnofophiftis, qui prsecipue Sabbam 

regem vulgatum eft in caftris exfpirafle. In- ad defeftionem impulerant, & plurimum fa- 

genti autem dil^icultate ac labore fxgittam, tigaverant Macedonas, decem acres ad re- 

quslignea erat,abfcindunt.Tum detraftotan- fpondendum & fuccinftos in explicanda quse- 

dem vix thorace, accingunt fe ad evellendum ftione habitos cepit. His quxftiones obfcuras 

fpiculum, quod uni offi erat infixum. Dici- pofuit, necem denuntians prirno qui parum 

tur tres digitos latum fuiffe, longum quatu- re6te refpondifTet, inde ordine reliquis. Unum 

or. Unde animo identidem linquente pene natu maximum dedit judicem. Primus inter- 

exanimis, exempto eo tamen recepitfe. Quum rogatus, Vivofne plures efle, an mortuos cen- 

ex periculo emerfifret, efTet tamen adhuc im- feret , Vivos ait : neque enim jam efTe eos, 

becillis, diuque in viftus ratione 6c cura hx- qui mortui funt. Secundus, Terram an pe- 

reret, ubi tumultuantes videndi fui defiderio lagus grandiores gignere bclluas, Terram : 

Macedonas animadvertit, fumpto pallio pro- quippe hujus, inquit, pelagus portio eft. 

diit, 6c quum Diis facra feciffet, iterum con- Tertius, Quod animal callidiifimura efTer, 

fcendit naves. In tranfitu latum tradum ur- Quod haftenus, inquit, homo non cogno- 

befque amplas domuit, vit. Quartus requifitus, Quamobrem Sab- 

bam 



86 A A E S A N A P O S. 

rm 7\oyi(TfJL^ tov 'Eoilc^ctv cl7rig-i)3-ir ciTriKejivctTo, mT^odi l^yjv |3»Ao|r/S^u(^ cw~ 
ToVj Yi mmg '^S-a.viiv. 6 q mf/,7fl(^, g^6)TnS-«V TroVg^j/ oig'^ tIw nfjii^v « 
tIuu vvxJol TT^Ti^v ysyoviVcUyTUv nfJ^i^A ^Triv^nfJL^DL fjLiS: )ij TT^cretmv 
iiT(g)g S-ouufxct<rcivi(^ tQ ^cLdiXioag, oti t^ "M^cdv l^Gdrno-iodv oLVctyKn k. 
Toig '^Ke/(r^g ^>W^b;? dvou. fjLiT0L7\.0L^m at/, tov iKJov n^moi it&g aiv ri? 
(pi7\Y]B-m fJLaKi^d-, "A.VK^n<^^ ^v, i<pY)i fJLn (^o^g^V w. t'^ '^ 7\ommi 6 
■fj3p l^odTnB-eig 7r£g ctv Tig cJ^ dv^^odTrodv 'fpoiTo ©goVj Et ti Tr^^eav, «- 

TTiV, 7r^.^0U ^VUUCtTOV OLvS-^CdTTCtl fJ.Y\ gftV' % «tfet (^6)«? )^ B-OiVOiTii, 7ro. 
Tg^l/ l^V^OTieS^, dTTiKttVOLTO, tIw (jdnV, TO(70UUTCt KCDioi <pi^ii(rOiV' 6 ^ 

TeASjTou(^, fJ^ix^ "^^^^ dv^^mov mAodg txov ^rjv fJ^ixtt » fjy\ vofMl^et 
To Ti^vctvcu t5 Inv cx.fJ,eiVov. «t&) J« T^^rofyj^^ %e3^ rov (^im^-yiv, cmL 

7\^(TiV )KT0(pOUVi^. tQ STS^V Wi^ii X^?°^ ei^YlKivoU (pWOiv](^, OVKHV, 

i(pn, ^ (Tv 7r^m(^ )><7roB-oivn, TOictvTct KejLVoav. Ovk dv yi, httsv, a ^ct- 

(TiXiV, « ft« (TV ^<Sji\], (pYKTOig 7r§0dTOV ^mOKliVciv TOV '^KejLVOfjSfOV Koi- 
Kl^Ct. 

TiiTng (jSf «f ct(pnKiv <^oien(Tcii^(^' ^rpjg o TaV cm ^o^n fj,(iKi?ct k^ 
noi^' iouuTug cv r.^Tvx^ix. [^odvJctg iinfj.-^iv 'Ovn^TiKejiTov, ci(piKi^ hoiI}p(^ 

Ttejg CLVTOV. 'Ol/«a"W£/T©-' YW <plXO(TO(p(^ T^ AlO-j^et t4 KVVIKC^ (TVV- 

go^oAa>coT&)i/. >9 (pn(Tiv tov (u3/) KctAoti/oi/ v^e^^^iKc^g Troivv k^ T^oiXiOdg ks- 
7\SjciV, "STToi^vvluL Tov %ii^^ct, yvfxvov cIk^ool^ t^ AoyoiV cI'aa&)? 3 a cTi- 

«XAsJsc^ T^ejg OiVTOV, y'^' el (Tff^ tQ AtoV d^plHj' TOV AoivJ^OifllVy TT^Ct- 

OTS^OV 

bam ad rebellionem concitafiet, refponfum re. Ita tandem verfus ad judicem pronun- 

dedit, Qiio honelle viveret, aut maleperiret. tiare eum juffit fcntentiara : qui quum ali- 

Quintus rogatus, Dicm an noftem putaret um alio dixiflct pejus refpondifle, Ergo tu, 

fuitTc priorem, Diem, ait, uno die. Adjecit inquit, primus moriere, qui ita decernis; 

autem (quum id rex admiraretur) implicata- Minime vero, rex, inquit ille, nifi tu men- 

rum interrogationum necelTe e(rc ut eflcnt tiaris; qui primum dixifti interfefturum te 

implicatic refponfiones. Ita progrediens fex- illum qui peflime refpondiflct. 
tum pcrcunftatus efl:, Quemadmodum quis Hos igitur muneribus honoratos dimifit. 

maxime fe efficiat charum. Si potcntiffimus, Ad eos vcro qui erant clariflimi, folitariam 

inquit ille, nec formidabilis efl^et. Ex reli- autem quictamque vitam agebant, Oneficri- 

quis alius rogatus, Quemadmodum ex mor- tum mifit petitum, ad fe ut venirent. Fu- 

tali quis Deus evadat. Siquid fecerit, inquit, it Oneficritus philofophus ex Diogenis Cy- 

quod facere irnpofllbile fit homini. Alius, de nici contubernio. Ait is Calanum fane 

vita 8c morte, utra valcntior, refpondit, vi- quam fuperbe & afpere jufl"ifl"e ei ut pofi- 

tam tam multa tokrantem mala. Pofl:remus, ta vefl:e audiret fe nudus : aUoqui non con- 

quatenus hominem vivere deceat, eatenus grefllirum cum eo fe, ne fi a Jove mifllrs 

^um mori quam vivere non cenfeat prsefta- efl^et quidem. Dandamim egifle placidius, 

ac 



A A E S A N A P O S. 87 

4j(pveig fAp avi4 yiyomcu <^ox.Q(nv oi aViT^g?, ?\(clv q raV vofAiig cd<^vvo- 

fJ^Oi ^i^lOdK.ivOU. OLKKOi <^i (pCKTlV TQV AcLVt^OLfJiiV iit^h eiTriiV, CtAA Y) tqtS- 

Tov fjLovov, tIv^ x'^^^ ^ 'AAgJat/<^^(^ ocToi/ to(tcuutIw hv^' Y]Ahv j Toy- 
fjSpTQi KoLhavov iveio-iv o ToL^iM<; gAd«t/ Tr^g 'Khi^cLvi^^v. UctheiTo o 
2cp«'i/w?" S7r« y.0LT 'iv^iKlw yXoiTloLV t^ ^'^'^^ -K^dOLyoe^^m oivTi th 
Xou^^v Tii? c^vFx^vovJoLg yjcoo-ciCiTO, KoLKavog \^' ^^ ''EhTylwo^v odVOfJLci- 
^Y\. tStov q Aeyg^ ilj To a^^^yixcL -^ ae,')^^'; t& ' kh.i^cLv^e,(^ Tr^B-i^, 

mTOL<^CL?\0dV y) CM' ILLSa-Ct) (Iv^dCLV TiVOL ^H^V K^ K.CLTi<TKkm(\CLVy iTTClTYliTi TO. 

dK^V w 0' «V iv TTii^eicroL, Tolg aAAot? im^^Y\ fjLi^idiV. y^ t^to cukumy. 

CV KVKhCO Kj TTiil^Oi^Vi KOL^' iKOL^OV iS^HKVViV yiyVOfjSfOVy CJLXeJL « TO fAfTOV 
c}h<TOLg KCLTi^iVy)ii TTOLvJoL iiTOdg y)^ifjLr,(TiV. g(?» ASTO Q J) eiKOdV iV^ei^ig eiVCU T^- 
Toi fJLilTOL ^eiv fJLoi?\i<FOL -^ CL^X^g Tfii^eiVy K^ fXY) fXdK^V y^PiTrhoLva.^ TOU 

'Ahi^OLvS^^V. 

'H (^icL T^ iroTOLfx^ TT^g tIu) 3-ol?\oltJolv vTTOLyodyn fJLluoodv \7f\a. x^- 
vov oivYihmiV. ifx^a?\(^v q tcuc voud(t\v eig tov 'flKiavov, oLViTrhSjo^iV Tvpjg 

VYi(TOV Iw EKi?\?.Q<7iV CUUTOg OdVOfJLa(TlVy 'iTi^i "^ihTQKiV. C^OUJ^a 3 >^« 

CotV, iS-viV Tolg Qiolg, ;c, Thv (pv(Tiv ineihv tQ TrihoLyag k^ t? rz^- 
Aictc, o(Tov sCpiKlov bJu. eiTa Indj^cLi^^^ fin^va fjLiT oujtov oLvB-^odnoiv 
vTri^^luuou T»V 0^'dg -^ <F^Teiag, cLVi9^i(piV. k^ Toig ju9^' vowg c4isAdba-s m- 
e>t7rA«t/, QM h^i(x. tIw 'Iv^iKlw s;^aVot?, YiyifjLova f^ Nia^x^v "^^ei- 

^ctgj 

ac de Socrate, Pythagora,Diogene quumau- oftendit evenire, quoad medium pedibus, oc-.. 

diviflet, dixifle magno ingenio fibi eos viros cupavit, tunc omnes partes quievere. Ea 

videri fuifle, fed nimia legum reverentia vixif- imagine fignificavit media regni maxime pre- 

fe. Alii Dandamim nihil memorant nifi fo- menda, neque procul ab iis vagandum Alex- 

lum hoc quEefifle, qua de caufi Alexander eo andro efl^e. 

veniflet tam immenfo itinere. Calanum ta- Defcenfus Alexandri per flumina ad Ocea-j 

men, ut ad Alexandrum proficifceretur, Ta- num feptem menfium fpatium abfumpfit. Ut 

xiles induxit. Sphines vocabatur : fed quod vero clafl^e ad Oceanum penetravit, acceflic 

fermone Indico Cale pro Salve falutans ob- ad infulam, quam ipfe Scillufl;in, Pfiltucin 

vios compellaret, Calanus eft a Grsecis no- alii appellavere. Ibi excenfione fa6ta Diis 

minatus. Hunc referunt exemplum imperii facrificavit, pelagique & orte marinae, quate- 

fui Alexandro ob oculos pofuifl^e. Corium in nus aflequi valuit, indolem coUuftravit. Inde 

medium conjecit ficcum 8c retorridum, cu- precatus, ne quis poft fe mortalium expedi- 

jus oram calcavit. Id uno loco prefl"um cas- tionis fuse tranfcenderet terminos, regreflus 

teris partibus extulit fe. Idem circulans un- eft. Naves circumvehi jufllt, relifta ad dex- 

4ique & pedibus ftringens in quaque parte tram India. Clafli prjefecit Nearchum, magi- 

ftrum 



88 A A E S A N A P O S. 

df^(^, eig s^oltIuj "^TPieAoiy 7r^nx^Y)y Kj 7rhri^(^ oiv&^odTrm ci7rdAi<reift 
fflVs T' fJLcvxifJtM i^twdfJL^m fJtJr\^\ to TiTct^Tov C4C "^ 'Ij/j^ixJJ? cLTtctycLyiiy. 
KcuToi (^odS^sm fJ^ (jLve^cihg YKTOLV ol TTil^oh To <^' iTTmKov, sU fJuueJ-^g }iOU 
TrivJctKiyihing. ctAAot »9 vd(TOi x^'Ni,'Kax, )^ ^[oT) Troi/ng^), >^ yiuuufxcjLTCL ^ji- 
^, ;l TTAgtVa^ AtyttoV M<p^ei^ey, olgjjo^v ;^6)g^i/ <Midv}cig oiv^^odTrm kol- 
Ko^cm, dhiyoL yi, ol-J^vyi tt^^oltol Kiiclnf^ odv, ct raV ^OLKctTlikiq Ix^voLg «- 
S-KTf^oL 7r^(r<pi^i^, (TOL^KOL fjLox^n^v eix^v )^ (^vtrcath- fJ.d'hig «i/ cv »^'^8- 
^cw? l^movloL tolvtIw (^i5A3-&)i', »9 -^ TiS^^oo^rioLg ci-^cif^©^, iv^vg bn do^d^ 
mg hiu 7td(TiV, t^ ifyi^^oL ^cKT^Tim kcu ^OLdiKim a^^dK^dddvlm. 

^ AvOLKCL^ddV Jf C^av^OL tIw S^tJUJ CLfJLiV , (^Od^fXY)7iV K(iifA,(jd X^^^A^^ S^* 

Yipl^g ^Trld S^id 7" KoL^fJLoLvioLg. avTov f^ »f IWTrot ^ii^lw cmdfxil^ov okJm 
fj(^ '^ iTcu§m v7rl^ ^vfjLiMg c^ v-^r,?^^ k^ (Z^(pavei 7rAcu(rico TTiTrr^yijag, 
w(idX^A^<^^ ^^^X^^ «Vs^? >9 vvKidc. dfMa^cu 3 7rafjL7rXY]3-eig, cd fBp 
ctAb^yoI? y^ ^TomMig (^^oKouoigy cu <^' vAng dei Tre^^rCpdTn k^ ;^A&)^? 
(TKial^dfj^ou KT^dSoig eiTTovlo, rQg aAT^ag dynacu (biAag >t, nyiiu.dvag gfg- 
(pavddfjLivag >ij 7tivov\ag. nhg J*' dv h TfiT^Tlwj «' k^v(^, a (rdejtoyav, aA- 
Aot (pid7\oug T^ jiVTolg k^ 5-«g/;iA«o{? c^^ tIw dS^dv d^ra^rav ol ^^Ti^Tai 
(ia7f\i(j)vlig c/)t TfiS-m fjnydxm k^ K^rn^m d7\?\nAoig Tr^o^ynvov, 01 jdiv, h 
T^ 7ve,odyeiv dfJLa yi^ fhaS^i^etv, ol q KaTaKeifjSfoi. 7ro?^n 3 fjL^^ra a-vejifym 
ji avXSiV, dSng rs k^ -J/aA^aa k^ ^aKxeiag yujucuK^v Kareixi 7rdvJct 

TOTTOV. 

ftrum gubernatorumOneficritum creavit. Ip- fabundus dicbus feptem per Carm-aniam. II- 

(e pedertri itinere per Oritas pergcns, in ex- lum equi ofto compofito gradu vehcbant 

tremam inopiam recidir, multofque morta- cum amicis fuper pulpitum in cdico & con- 

les amifit, ut militarium copiarum ne quar- fpicuo tabulato erechim quadrato, conviviis 

tam quidem partem reduceret ex India, quum no£tem diebus continuantem. Sequebantur 

peditum efTent centum viginti millia, equi- currus frequentes, panim purpureis & pic- 

tum ad quindecim millia. Ad hxc graves turatis tapetibus, partim arborum femper re- 

morbi, pravus viftus, fervores torridi pluri- centium 6c virentium inumbrati ramis, qui- 

mos confumpfere, dum regionem peragrant bus ahi vehebantur amici &c duces ejus co- 

incultam hominum duram viram agentium : ronati potantefquc. Videres non cetnim, 

qui paucas Sc viles habebant oves marinis pif- non galcam, non fariflam, fcd phialis, patc- 

cibus afiuetas vefci, atque hinc prava carne ris, calicibus Thericleis milites toto itinere 

& putida prasditas. Hanc tandem diebus fex- ex grandibus doliis & crateris haurientes, 

aginta regre emenfus, Gedrofiamattigit. Ibiin praebibebant inter fe, alii fimul inter per- 

rerum omnium egit affluentia, quod proxi- gendum Sc progrediendum, alii recumben- 

mi fatrapce & reges de omnibus providifient. tes. Circumibnabant omnia loca fiftulis, ti- 

Igitur refefto hic exercitu, inceffit comef- biis, carminibus, cantilenis, bacchabundis mu- 

lieribus. 



A A E S A N A P O S. 89 

TOTfov' "4 ara;i7&) ^^ 7r27rActJ'«iUgi'&) -^ 7ro^«ct^, Tra^eiTrgro Tcti<; (pioiAoug Kj 

T^ Tov mfjLov. STTH «^^ -^ rg<^f&)a-/(3t? «V To (^ctG-iAaov, ctC^ig cin7\(i(jL- 
^AVi tLuu 9^Ticiv TTciVYiyveJil^odV. hiyiTcu fxi^vovla, oujtov ^iOd^HV dy^^ 
vcjLg yo^SiVy tov q k^odi^ov BoLyooLV XH^^y^^^ vm^rou-, -^ K€KO(rfjLn[jS{jov 

^ld Tii ^iOLT^a 7rOL^€K^0v\(JL K0L^i(70U TTCt^' CWTOV' \^Ov\cLq Q T«V VlCJLKlHvCLq^ 

KesTeiv K^ |3oai/, (pi7\n(rcu Kih^ovJoLq, (tx6^? ^ (^.^OLhddv KOLTi^piKmiV. 
'EvJoiJuS-oL T^ ^afet Nid^x^^v oiva^^oLvJciiv Tf^g cujtov, nSrag k^ hcLK^^^roig 

TOi (^ TOV TTTkSv, (iie,fJLmiV CWTOg TTAdjtrOLg KOLTOL TOV Ev(P^tIuJ <^0K(d 

fjLiy(i7\(^y eiTOL (S^ tIw 'A^^^iolv Kj tIuj Al^vIw cs^^KOfjLi^reig, ^ici 9«- 

T^OdV 'H^Khd6i)V IfJL^OLKHv «V tIw CvIoV 3-OLAoLOTOLV. Kj TlXoloL 11CJLV\0^(JL7I(X. 
a^ QoL^^OLKOV STTYiyVVTO, K) (TUJUnyOvlo VOUUTOU Kj KV^^VrjTOU T^OLvloLXO^iV. 
« 3 CtJ/&) <^^TCiOL p^aA«7r>1 '^OfJ^Yl, Kj TO CC^ MctAAsV ^^^TdjfJLOL Kj n 

CpOo^ 7roAA>i Mx^^<^(^ "^ J^LWoifjLiCdgy (i%i<^icL -^ (rcoTYieJ-oLg oujt^, tol rg 
vTTYiKOGL TT^g ^^fctff-^? im^iV-, Kj Tolg ^^TYiyoHg K^ croLT^TTcug olMolv 

TTOAXlw K^ TTAeOVgJ/ctl/ K^ V^tLV lltoiYKTiV' K^ 07\(idg M^^lAfJ CTOLA©-' OLTTOLV- 
Tm K^ ViOdTSeA^^fJLOg. OTCa Kj TT^g 'AvHncLT^V 'OAVfJLTTiOLg K^ KhiOTTOLT^ 

<^€L(rioL(roL(rcu (^ieiT^ovlo tIw d^X^-> 'OAvfjLTnoig {^, "H7r«^i/, KAso^roc- 

T^ Q MoLKiS^OvioLV (Z^KcL^oQ^TOL. K^ T^TO OLKii(rOLg 'AAg|otI/J^^(^, (lihTlOV 

'i(pn (hi^ii7\£^ tIuj fjLYiTi^' }AoLKi(^ovoLg y^) 4k dv \:mfJL^vou ^OLdiK^o- 
fjS^jng \W ywuouKog. S^toL toujtol Ngct^;^oi/ |w%) cujS-ig cJ^ B-olKolotolv 

imfJL- 

lieribus. Tam incompofito & incondito iti- adeo generis navigia apud Thapfacum para- 

nere comitabatur pocula bacchabundse li- bantur, nauticique & gubernatores conquire- 

centiae ludus, quafi ipfo praefente Baccho 8c bantur undique. At fama durx illius in fupe- 

comefTationis duce. Poftquam in regiam Ge- rioribus provinciis expeditionis, oppugnatio- 

drofias venit, relaxavit de integro exercitum nifque Mallorum atque ingentis ftragis exer- 

tempeftivis conviviis. Ferunt temulentum citus, ex diffidentiailliusfalutis concitavitfub- 

chororum ludos fpedafie, amafium ejus Ba- ditos paratos ad defeftionem, ducibufque &: 

goam choragum palmam obtinuifte, exorna- fatrapis magn^ exercendx violenti.x, avaritis: 

tumque medio theatro tranfiflc, & ad latus 8c flagitiorum dedit occafionem. Brcviflu£tus 

ejus confedifle : Macedonas, quum id viderent, 6c feditio omnes pervafit. Qi-iando etiam O- 

plaudentes ut ofculum ei ferret conclamafle, lympias 8c Cleopatra contra Antipatrum tu- 

quoad illum complexus 8c difliiaviatus fit. multuantes provinciam ejus partitse funtj O- 

Huc rediit ad eum Nearchus, laetufque ille lympias Epirum , Macedoniam Cleopatra 

intellefta navigatione, inftituit ipfe magna fumpfit. Qua re ad Alexandrum perlata, 

clafle deveftus per Euphratem, Arabiam 8c reftius dixit matrem fuam confuluifle : neque 

Africam ambire, atque per columnas Hercu- enim regnum Macedonas fuifle foeminx tole- 

lis in mare mediterraneum decurrere. Omnis raturos. Unde Nearchum extemplo ad mare 

VoL. IV. M mi- 



90 



AAESANAP0 2:. 



tmfJLr^iVi lfjL7[Xy)<rcu TrohiiuLm OLTrAo-Av iynmm tIw a^xidv' cwrk j} 
K(f.T(jL^mm hcTKCKTiV T»V 7rom^^<; t^ ^-^Tnym, '^ ^ 'A^ahiTki TraiiiM* 
'ivoL fjS^ 'O^vol^tIw ojuTog (jLTii^HViV-, (raeicTH) hiXcL<TciLg' 'A^aT^iTa o ittu- 

^V 'PiS clvOLTKCUm ((S^(7y.SjcL<TCLv\(^ (ITkK « TeATxi^^Ct TCLTkCLvIoL VOfJLi^TfJLCl- 

T<^ ajui4 7re^(roLyctyov](^i c^eA^o-g Tolg mirc^ig to OL^yvejLov ttol^^^ci- 
A«f. ag <r' «Jt iySjovlo-, (prKTOLg, tI ai/ o(pih.(^- npCtv "^ cJi^ rB^crx^Jii^; 
KaS-ei^^i tov 'A^ahiTlw. 

'El' Ui^(rcug, Tr^OdTOV fjS^J OLTrii^OdKi TO VOfJLKTpLOL TCUg yiWOU^iV) 6)V- 

ir^ ^lodB-moLV o\ jScto-tAtt^ (xrcing eig Ui^dcLg oL(pimv]o ^i^ovou x^^^^v 
hoLg-vi' K^ (^ict tQto (poLs-]v hiag pLn TToXhcLng-, 'H^ov q fXY^h glttol^ «V 
Il^(Tag m^^^i^ou, cTtct fjn.)Le3'^oyicLV ^o^^ivcoiroLvJoL ■^ TrcLTeJiS^^ icw- 
Tov. tTreticL Tov Kv^a TOL(pov dj^oov <^io^td^vyf^ov, cLTriKJeiVi rov cLS^m- 
cavliL} KcuToi Tli7\Xcu(^ Uv a "P^ oLcrYjfu.oroLTm 6 7t7\Y\fXfJLiXv\(Tag, ovofjLa 
TloKvfjLax^^' tIlju q c^y^(plw oivayvQg, hALi7\djciV 'E?\7\lwi>Lolg •uzpo- 
X<^^^^' y^fJ^fLadiV, eixiv ^Vfio?, fl ANGPnriE, 02TIS 
EI, KAI nO0EN HKEI2 (OTI MEN TA P HHEI2, 
OIAA) Era KTPOS EIMI O HEP^AIS KTH2A- 
MEN02 THN APXHN. MH OTN THS OAIFHS 
TATTH2 EHZ <DeONH2H2, H TOTMON 2aMA 
nEPIKAATriTEI. To^ra ju9/i »«/ sfLTraB^yi crCpoJ^-^ rov 'AAg|cti/- 
<f^i/ iTTotWgi/, av vod hoL^coyJa rlw oLj)o7\ornra k^ tIlv fLiTaCo7\!w . 6 ^) 
KcL7\a\/(^ iivlaJjB-a x^^^^ ^ 7Fo7\vv •czpt) Koi7\iag ci^o^^^AnO^V, TJrYKraro wv- 



mifir, (latuitque oram maritimam armis om- 
nem implere. In progrediendo fumpfit de 
ducibus qui deliquerant fijpplicium. U- 
num ipfe ex Abulitis filiis Oxyartem interfe- 
cit, quem liafta tranfverberavit : Abuliti, qui 
nihil prsparaverat commeatus, tantum argen- 
ti fignati tria millia talentorum attulit, e- 
quis objicere juffit pecuniam. Quibus eam 
non gullantibus, Quo igitur nobis, inquit,hic 
paratus? ita Abuhtem in vincula compegit. 
In Perfide nummos primum foeminis do- 
navir, ut moris erat rcgibus, quoties inirent 
Perfidem, finguUs aureum largiri. Itatiue a- 
liquos referunt non crebro, Ochum vero ne 
femel quidem ob avaritiam Perfiis invifirfe, 
exiliumque fibi patrix indixifl^e. Hinc quuni 



^av 

Cyri coaditorium apcrtum comperiflet, in- 
terfecit autorem, quamvis Pellaeus eflet 
non ex obfcuriflimis, qui id admiferat, Po- 
lymachus nomine. Titulum quum kgiflet, 
juflSt Grsecis quoque literis infra incidi. Is 
fuit hujufcemodi, Qu is Qjai s es homo, 

ET UNDECUN QJtJ E V E N I S T I ( N A M 
VENTURUM NOVl) EGO CyRUS. 
SUM, PeRSIS QJJ I QJLT A E S I V I I M P Er- 
RIUM. NE INVIDEAS M I H I, ORO T E,' 
E X I G U A M H A N C H U M U M , QJU A E 
CORPUS TEGIT MEUM. HaCC AlcX- 

andrum vehementer permovere fecum re- 
putantem rerum incertitudinem ac viciflltu- 
dincm. Eadem tempeftate Calanus, quura 
non diu alvi fluore laborafl^et, rogum poftu- 

lavit 



AAESANAPOS. 91 

cccrmoL? iouuT^y )^ T^ re^X^^ ci7ici^^(i\Bi}^, dyct^cuvc^i/ Ih^^^To t^V 
TroL^vJu? '^ yictu^omv, Kj Trci^iiULKei tIw «^g^j^ bv.mlw YiS^m %i^.^^, 
ty fjLi^virluijou juj ra ^A(ri,XiCd<;' ouutov q oM^m 'i<pn ftsf oAiyov xd^^^ 
cv Ba^uAwvt o-^i^. touJtol q eiTrwf, KctTODtAMg j^ cryllcaAy^/''^'^'^' ^'^ 
oKit/w^-w t5 Try^^V 7rAmoL^ovl(^y olAX h ^ mTiychi^n xniicLTi t5to i^ict-- 

TnqSiV, CMOLh?^li§n(TiV iOLVTOV t4 TTUTeAC^ VOjULC^ '^ OJi« (r0^1$-&)f. tStO TToAr 

Aoi? gVgc-ii' yVe^^i' ctAA©^ 'ii/i^oV c^ 'AS-lwoug Y^cuaoLe/. (iiwm hoincriv' )J 
cTe/xct/) fte;;^^6^ 1'yi' To fjivnfJLHoVy 'Ii/<^a •^^(rayo^djo^ov. 

'O i) 'AAg|cti/J^f(^ >C70 -^ TTu^? «^oji^u©-, ^9 (TiJUuciLycLym TToAAaV 
'P^<pi?\oov )i'^ nysfJLovcdv cBri S^eiitvovy dy&voL Tr^^ByiKiV Jt, ^i^pavov olh^to- 
7ro(rioLg. 6 fjS{} ^v TrAetg-oi/ 7rt&)i/ n£5'//ap(^©-', ci'x6/ X'^^^ Tiord^cidV tt^- 
iih^iv' jc 7\(jL^(^v To viKnTne/ov 9i(poLVov tolAolQov, nfJLi^g T^eig S7ri(^nCJ-iV. 
T^f Q dhKoav, &)V XfltfM? CpMO-if, Ti-fJoL^KoijJoL K, «$• otTTe^cti^ov Trivoiilig, l^v- 
^U Tn fjLi^n K^vag cJ^^ofj^a. t&v q Woii^oiV ycifJLov qm ^ii<Toig oJhTihc^Vj 
^ hOLfJL^civoiiv \^ OLVTog yvvcuKOL, tIw AoL^eia ^vyoLTi^ ^TCLTet^v, 
itoLvifictiv Q Toig deJi^oLg Tolg deji^Foigi koivov q toov n^n 7r^oyiyoLfin>ioTOiV 

MoLKii^OVCdV ydfJLOV KOLhOV ifidcTOLg' Ci' U) (pOLiTiV CMVOLKlO)^thiodV TUV O^^Kl- 

Khn\^oi)v cBn, To (^ei^rvov oj/lft)!/, hdToo x^^^^ (pidhlw T^e^g Tag cmov^dg 

(^O^IWOU' Td T2 aAAot B-0UL)fJ.0L9£g ihafjLTf^UJUOLTOy Kj Td X^^^ '^^'''^ (^OLVCi- 
(TOLCTIV VTtI^ TO^V C(pei?\(iiilci)V OLVTOg SiOL?KV(TOLg, T^ TUCLvlog dvcLh(J)fJLOLT(^ 

\hd<T- 

lavit fibi ftrui. Ad quem poftquam eft equo tamen & prxmium propofuit potandi meri. 

delatus, Deos precatus, libamina fibi ipfe in- Qiii plurimum haufit, Promachus ad quatuor 

fudit, primitiafque crinium fuorum injecit. congios progreftus eft, relatoque pro vifto- 

Inde rogum confcendens afliftentes Macedo- riie pretio talento, triduum fuperftes fuit. 

nas complexus eft, rogavitque Isetum ut il- Ex cxteris (ut Chares autor eft) unus 8c 

lum diem tranfigerent, & cum rege perpo- quadraginta ex vinolentia exanimati, quum 

tarent: illum ipfum brevi ait Babylone fe excepiflet ingens gelu crapulam. Nuptias 

revifurum. Ita locutus decubuit operuitque amicorum Sufis celebravit, atque ipfe Darii 

fe, neque fe appropinquante igne movit, fed filiam duxit uxorem Statiram. Clariftlmas 

quo compofuerat fe habitu eum confervans, clariflimis junxit, ac commune Macedonum, 

yeteri illorum fophiftarum more femetipfe qui jam ante contraxerant connubia, cele- 

immokvit. Hoc multis annis poft alius In- bravit fplendide epulum nuptiale, in quo me- 

dus Athenis ex comitatuCsefaris imitatus eft: morant cuique convivarum, quorum fuerit 

cujusvifitur hac quoqueaetate monumentum, novem millium numerus, auream phialam ad 

Indi appellatum. libandum donatam. Jam fuit cum in cjeteris 

Regreflus a rogo Alexander frequentibus mirifice largus, tum aes alienum exercitus cre- 

amicis & pr^fedtis ad ccenam invitatis, cer- ditoribus de fuo diflTolvit. Ejus impenfae uni- 

M z verfa 



92 AAESANAPOX 

SActOTOVf^ lULVeiotiV TCLXcLvlm i}iOLT0V TeACiKOvloL TCO^oLvloig %)OlJ^ii. gTTet 

3 'Avli^ng o iTi^(p^ccKiu.(^, (ag o^peihm cimy^-^cLTo "^djS^&gt yi^ TCd^-. 
cLyoLym Tivoi (poLc-KovJct MoLvanivou n^g tIw T^TreljoLV, d7rsTt(riv to 
d^yvejLov, ciToL s(pCii^B-y} -^Sjt^ofj^^^' o^yi^eig o (^oLO-iK^g^ dmKa.diV 
T' oLvAfig avTov, k^ TvoL^aMTO Tbju i^yefjLovictv. Iw q KoLfJLn^g qjd Tolg tto- 
7\ifj,tmg 6 'Avli^^Yig' v^ tn iJ vi(^ aiv <t>iAi7r7rii 7rohio^KQvJ(^ Tliejf^vB-Qv, 
ljUL7ri(ro]i}(^ CLV7W >L0LT0L7rs?\nKQ ^ix^g ng tov o(p^aL7\(JLov, a Tra^sysv jSa- 

T^OlB-pOig S^STkHV TO ^iX©^, ^^S vCpmOLTO, 7rejLV ^(TOL^CU 7t^O(TfJLOLXoA^(^ 

%j mTctKheifTcu T«V TToMibLiag etg to t«%©^. » fJLiTeAm ^v tots tIw olti- 
(jLioLV i(pie^iv, oiT^hd (^nK(^ Uv iouuTov \W 7\v7rY\g >^ (^oL^vQv^ioLg ^ioLX^n- 
(Toi^©^' J^ T^To ^ei(TcLg (icLTiA^g, dvnuv TlutJ o^yluu, ;^ tcl x^^^oltol 

iX^^ 0%SA<^(rgV OLVTOV. 

TodV i) TTouS^ciiiV t£v TeJt^TfLLvejLCdv, «V dTKiiijQfiig ^ fjLoLv&dvovJoLg d7ri?\i7rs, 
Tolg TS (TU)fJLa(Tiv dv^^eiCdv (poLvivJm, K^ Tolg eih(TLV dj7r^i7r<Sv, sti q yy Tcug 

lULS7.iT0Lig Sjxk^^^ ^ KHCpOTHTa B-OUUfJLCL<^YiV cJ^J^ei^CLfjSfCidV, OLVTOg fBp 

Y\^Y\' Tolg McxgcTocrt S^vSrvfjLioL 7ra^i<^n j^ cTg©-', &)V «t7oi/ cLVTolg tS (^ol- 
criT^iag 7T^(Ti^ov\(^. J^io il^ T^g d^sveig )^ Trs^rn^cidi^iig cujWQ KoLTOL7rifL~ 
TToi/l©-' cJ^ ^dXcLTloLV, v^tLy i(poL(TOLV eivou j^ 7r^7rn?<cLKi(TfLov, dvS^o^^foig 
'^mx^^TdiJ^Jov elg d^roLvloL, vvv ^'ScroTi^i^ (Tvv cdo^vvn, k^ 7r^(Tei7f\eiV 
rcug ^icLTej-Ti. v^ Tolg yov^j(nv, » ToiiiTiig o^Xol^^oPiol. TfdvJag «i/ cMi7\djov 
dcpiivou, Y^ 7tav\ag dx^^'^^? vofxO^eiV MaKsS^ovag, ix^^'^ '^^ ^^'<^? TiiTng 

TTVp- 

veifa fumma centum 8c tiiginta minus ad de- allaturum. Id timens Alexander, iram depo- 

cem millia talenta pervenit. Antigenes au- fuit, & ipfum pecuniam eam juffit fibi habere. 
tcm unocukis cbarratum fimiilans fe, falfo Triginta millia puerorum, quos exercen- 

nomen dederat, addudoque certo ad menfara dos & inftituendos reliquerat, virili corpore 

qui affirmavit fe ei dedifle mutuo, reprxfen- invenit &C fpecie decora. Dcderunt infuper 

tavit ei pecuniam. Eo poftea mendacii com- illi miras dexteritatis & agilitatis documenta. 

perto exarfit rex, fummovitque eum aula, at- Ea re Izeto rege, angor Macedonas 8c metus 

que praefefturam ademit. Fuit bello bonus inceflit, minus regem ipfis addidum fore. 

Antigenes, ac juvenis etiamnum, quum ob- QLmpropterquum debiles 8c membris mutila- 

fideret Philippus Perinthum, intorto ex ca- tos remitteret ille domum, contumeliam dic- 

tapulta in oculum fuum telo, nou paruit exi- titavcrunt cam & opprobrium effe, quod 

mere telum volentibus, neque pugnam remi- quibus hominibus abufus ad omnia fuerat, 

fit priufquam urgens pcpuhfiet atque inter eos ignominiofe tunc in patriam & ad paren- 

muros rcdegiflct hoftes. Non modice ergo res detruderet, non eo quo acceperat eos fta- 

tulit in prxfentia ignominiam, verum prte tu. Igitur miflionem omnes flagitare, con- 

fe tuli: dolore 8c moerore manus fibi ipfum clamareque, omnes Macedonas pro inutilibus 

habe- 



AAESANAPOS. 93 

TTvmx^^dgy (rvv oig cBigov mrcDilYidiTca tIw owai^b/j. TT^g tcwtol X'^- 
Ag7r6)? 'AAggavcJ^f©^ g%si', >9 TroAAct /i!/) gAoic^o^«(7-gi/ aJraV tt^V o^- 
yiw/, otTrgAaVa^ o\ rct? (pvKamg 7rci^i<^6dKe Ui^(rcLi?, K) y.cLTkmiV cai t^- 
T(t>v (^o^v<po^^g K, pa^^^o^po^ng' v<p' a>v o^avJeg cwtov a^mfX%oi^oVy cw^ 
raV ct7fei^yofjS{jiig j^ TT^oTrYiAoDii^ofSfjag, STOLTreivSvlo' k^ S^ii^ovlig hoyov, 
^e/(^Kov (WT^g ohiya SHv fJLdVivlag \:m (j)AoTV7ri(X.g k^ o^yng- tsA©^ 'j, 
(rvfJ,(pp^VYi(roLviig i^dh^Cov Avovrhoi Kj fXovoxiTOHVig zfB t!w g-kIwyiv fj(^ 
^Qiig Kj Khouj^fjLQ c^Movlig icwT^g^ o x^'^^^^ uMvoviig (^g noLKolg Kj 

dx<X.eJL90ig- <^' a 7r^(TliTQ, KOUTTi^ YiS^i f/,OLKoLOT0l^(^. ol <S' iiK OLTTi^^n-- 
(J-OLV, CtAA YlfJLi^g SvO -^ VVKJoLg kiTCti TT^i^OdTig Kj OAO(pV^[^Ot K^ Kol^^ 
VOV OLVOLKOLT^Qviig QAiOLe,Ti^Y\(TCtV. Tij jj TejLTYl 7T^i7\^(idV, J^ ^iCL(Tci[^(^ olKJ^^g. 
lij TiTOL7r€iV(t)fj8{JHg, MK^ViV 7ro7\VV X^^^^' ^^^ f/.ifJL'^OL[d{j(^ fJtkejlOL, Kj 

7r^(roLyo^iv(roLg (pihcLv^§oo7FCt)g, 0Lni7\v(Ti r»V a;:^^nV«?, S^od^YKroLf^^ fjLi^^ 
y(0\07ie,i7io^g, Kj y^-^oLg TT^g 'Kv\'mcLT^v, 07rct)g qm 7roi<n Tolg ciyod^i Kj 

ToHg B-iDLTejfig Tie^Oi^eACLV iX'^^^^ WipOLV0d[^0l KCL^i^Ol\i\o. '^ Q Ti^VYlKOTOOV 

T^g TrcUiSoLg o^poLvQg ovicLg, ififjLi^rag i7To'miV. 

'flg ij YiKiV elg 'I.k<^cltolvol -^ M.Yi(^lag, k^ S^ic^KYKn tol KOLTiTreiyovla, ttcL- 

?\IV Iw h ^iOLT^Oig Kj 7taVYiyv^i(TiV, aTi S^YI TeA^i7\m 0UUl4 TiXViT^ 

>W T' 'E7\hoL<S(^ cL(piy[£{JO!)V. iTvxi '^^ Toig YifjLi^g meivag 'IKpai^ 

<^m 7rV^iOT0}V Oia Q Vi(^ K^ g-^TiOdTiKog, a' (pi^OdV dKejL^YI <^iCUTaV, 

ctAAot 

haberet, folos juvencs hos retineret faltatores, lo ejus lamentantes dominumque appellantes 

quibufcum orbem terras iret fubjugatum. In- perduravere. Tertio die prodiit, ac quum h- 

de concitatus Alexander frendenfque multis mentabiles abjeftofque vidiflTet, in lacrymas 

convitiis hos profcidit, eifque amotis, corpo- longo fpatio eft effufus. Inde modice cafti- 

ris fui cuftodiam tradidit Perfis, atque ex his gavit eos, tum appellavit humaniter, ac di- 

fatellites apparitorefque delegit. A quibus mifit inutiles, .ubi eos magnifice donavic. 

quum cernerent illum ftipari, fe vero rejici Scripfit infuper ad Antipatrum, ut omnibus 

ignominiofe, conciderunt animis, ac collo- in ludis & fpeftaculis primum locum tene- 

quuti inter fe deprehenderunt feipfos ex x- rent, & coronati ibi confiderent. Demor- 

mulatione & indignatione pene infinire, tuorum liberis orbis ftipendia parentum attri- 

Poftremo ad fe reverfi uno animo perrexe- buit. 

runt ad regis tabernaculum inermes & tuni- Poftquam Ecbatana Mediae venit, rebus 

cati, cum clamore & plangore offcrentes fe- compofitis neceffariis, retulit fe ad fpe<5tacula 

metipfos, petentefque utcretur ipfis quafi im- & tempeftiva convivia, quod tria millia arri- 

probis & ingratis. Ille vero, quamvis jam ficum ad eum ex Graecia veniffent. Sub idem 

placatior, non admifit eos. Non abfcefferunt tempusHephsftio febre correptus eft. Ut ju- 

illi, fed duos dies 6c no£les ita pro tabcrnacu- venis £c militaris cxadioris impatiens viftus, 

dum 



94 A A E S A N A P O S. 

CtTvAct 72^ TOV ICLT^V T7s.CWMV CtTTgAfleit/ «V TO B-iCLT^OV) (^ (X.eji^V 

*;^of^(^y ■ilj- zaTcKpaye^v ctMKl^vovct i<p^ov, k^ '^KJyi^ fJLiyav cMTnc^v 
oiynj mmg go^gi/, jt, (jnit^v i^iaT^iTroiV amB-aviv. tQto iihvi Koyia-fJLi^ to 
7raS-(^ 'khk^av^ej^ mf>iiVj ctAA' ivS-vg ^ hTrag re m^ TravJag cfM 
TTivS-et ^ n/LUovdg ksA<^o"g»', k^ t^^ TrieA^ woMuv dtpeihiv Toig iTvclx^eig' 
Tov Q dB-T^iov \aT§ov dvi^^ow^miv. ouJ?\^g q naTiTrajuasv k^ fjLn^riKlw o^ i^ 
^^TOTTiS^od 7ro7\vv XO^^^"» '^^^ ^ " AfjLfjL(t)v(^ YjK^iV fjLavTeia Tijudv 'Hpcu- 
^imay ^ 3-veiV u>g '^m oi^KsMviiG-a. tS q TTiv^ag 7ra^riyoeJ.ci lU 7roAg/w,w 
X^^A^^^ wWgf cJ^ B-n^v yij Kuvnyea-iav dv^^^odirm c^JiiA&gj/, kou to 
KaoTcuov iS-pi^ }iaTi<F^i(piTo, Trdvlag «^«<^oi/ ^^Ti^^rpdTlm. tQto q 'H.(pou- 
<^i(tiv(^ cy^ayL^TjULog cAiaXitTO. tvjul^ov q kou Tdpov cuutQ kcu tov ^Ztfet 

TCWTa KOdfJLOV "^^ fJLVejLOdV TaXdvJodV cBlTiXi(TOU (^iaVOiilJ^(^y VTTi^^ahi^ 

tJ (piKoTix^u) Kcu (U^Tlod T' KaTa(rK<^Y\g tIw SaTrdvhuu, iTrdS-rKnv fjLa^ 
Atg-flt T^ T^x^i'^ ^Ta(riK^Tluj, fjLiyah.ii^yiav Tivd kou ToKfJLav kou 
>tdfjLwov CJD Tcug KouvoTOfjLioug i7rafyi7Jhdf£iJov. ar^^ -yb ojut^ TrejTi^ov qm- 
Tvx(^V) ipYi -j^^ d^o^v fidhi^a tov Q^czkiov "AB-m S\aTV7ro)(riv dvS^^HKiXov 
^iX^^ ^ ^^ctf^d^(p(i^(Tiv' dv ai' KiMvr}, fiovtfjLooTaTov dyahf/.dTOdv ouut^ )i 
(^pavi<FaTov cJi,i^yd(ra^ tov "A3-4)i/, tw f^ deA^i^a x^^ f^^hafjL- 
Qdvovla fivejtavS^ov 7rd7.iv ohnfS^jlw, t« q h^ia cmivMa TroTafiS pSfjLa 
Sa^^iMg eig tIw S-d7\aoTav XTTcppsoi/l©-'. TouuTa f^ iv Tva^-nTYiTaTo-, tioX- 

TKOd Q dT07rOdTi^ V^ (^aTfavneJTi^ TbTCdV <TOpl^df^(^ TOTi K^ (TV fJLfXYlXOf-- 

VOdpf^ Tolg TiX^iT(^'^ MTejL^iV. Elg 

dum medicus Glaucus ad fpeftaculum ab- atque in hac exornanda decem millia talento- 

iit, prandium fumpfit, adefoque gallo gal- rum ftatuens expendere, operifque pr£eftantia 

linacco affb, atque epoto ingenti vini frige- & exquifita arte fuperare fumptum, defidera- 

fafti cratere, male habuit, pauloque poft de- vit pr«ter omnes artifices Staficratem, qui 

ceffit. Hunc cafum tulit parum fapienter projeftara granditatcm 6c magnificentiam in 

Alexander, fed confeftim cquos omncs mu- novis rebus edendis promittebat. Quippe hic 

lofque tondcri lugubriter jufiit, circumjefto- antea jaftaverat apud eum in colloquio, ex 

rum oppidorum pinnas detraxit, miferum me- montibus Thracium Athum configuraii & 

dicum egit incrucem, tibias muficamque per- conformari ad hominis effigiem facillime 

diu in caftiis compcfcuit, quoad ;>b Ammone pofTe. Itaquc fi vellet, fimulacrum fe ei 

allatum oraculum eft, uc Hepha:ftionem co- ex Atho effe^turum xternum & illuftriffi- 

lerent ranquam Heroem, eique facrificarent. mum, quod finiftra teneret frequcntem rnille 

Ad Iu£l:us elevationem bellura adhibuit, ac capitibus urbem, dextra fundentem largam 

ficut ad venationem hominum egreftus, Cuf- fluminis undam in mare decurrentis : verum 

fseorum gentera excidit, omnemque ad inter- hocrepudiavit. Attunc demulto abfurdioribus 

necionem delevit. Ea Hcpha:ftionis parenta- fumptuofioribufque quotidic agebat cum ar- 

tio dicla. In tumbam 8c monumentum ejus tificibus commentandis £c machinandis. 



Ba- 



A A E S A N A P O S. 95 

rof Ev(P^tIuu <IW ^ fJLiycLxy)g B-ct?.cto:rvig) l(pn T^vdg ■h^v^Hii ouut^ XoLh- 
(^cuaii c^s^ivSvloLg dmx^^ Bot^wAwj'©^ roi/ 'AAi^cLV<^^v. 6 q ^y, eip^iik^ 
5tVt olKK i-Ko^SjiTO' )^ n^g Toig Teix^^i' 'j^of^^^, Ko^mg eiS^a/ ttqA- 
A»V hcKpi^^^g, ^ TVTflovloLg ctAAnAa^, 60 V ivm mTim(roi/ "^ol^' WroV. 
iTT^ToL fjLlwva-mg '^o^ng k^ 'ATroXKoS^cd^a tQ ^^TnyQ Ti)4 BoL^ovT^civf^j 
ug m (^ cuJtQ TiS-vfJ^^, cMOLXei HvS-oLyo^v tov fjLOLvJi/V' a!x oi§Vkipd- 
va tIxju TT^^iv-i ri^e^TY)<r& t^ U^cdv tov t^ttov- (pY]<jav\(^ 3 <>n to KTrcx^ 
Iw oiho^oVy TicLiiou-, eiTTiV, l^v^v To crnpLeiov. ^ tov Hv^ayo^v hJ^bv «'JY- 
KtKTiv' iix^^TO 3 iu.ri nei^eig tsS' '^i.cL^x^^ ^ "^^ xoAA«! -^ Bct^uA^j'©^ gj&» 
xoltolo-kIwsv, Kj (S^TrAicdV Tov EvCP^tIw ^me^^iv. Iwcox?-^ cLVTov cr«- 

jULHOL 7roh7\OL. Kj y5 KiOviaL '^ T^&CpOfAlJCOV fJLiyi^OV V^ KOLAhl^^OV YifJLi^(^ 

ov(^ 'i%i7\hm ^ 7\a.K!\iiTcLg oLvetAiv. "^iiTPnS^vo-oLf^-d q Tr^g dheifjLpLOL, >^ or^poiii- 
^v olvtQ 7rcu[^ov}(^, oi vscLvi(rKoi ol cr^pcuejL^oiilig, cog Ihi "kolT^v 7\0L^eiv tcl 

lfJ,OLTiOL, y.OL^0^0d(riV OLV^^(id7:0V 'oJi TW B-^VCO KOLB-il^QfMfOV (TiCdVrn, TO cTiCtJV 

fjLcL Kj tIw <g-o7\!juj tIuu ^OLCTiTKiy.hutJ Ci^K.eifB{)ov . «t(^ oLvcLKejLVO(j^(^ og-ig 
«w, Xt$^^^ TfoXtw a.vouu(^(^ Iw' fjLo7\ig q (TVfJL(p^VY)(ra.g, ^iovvdi^ fj8{j 
fCpn Kci7\ei^, Miorluui^B-' q eivcu to •^'©-'" qm cTg Tij/©-" ouTioLg >^ KOLTnyo- 
SAAg c^oLijQoL KOfjLi^eig >c7o 3-oL7\oLoTng, TToAwu Xi^^^^ yeyovivcu cv <^icr- 
fJLoig' ci§Ti oLVTw Tov 'ZcL^.Tnv S^<^civ\cL raV h(TfJL^g oiveivcu, y^ tt^ol- 
yeiv hv^, k^ Kihivcrcu Xcil^ovIcl tIuu fo7\lw ^ to hdS^nfJLOL KOL^i^rcu kou 
xriooTToiv. Touj- 

Babylonem pergenti Nearchus, qui ab O- animi caufa per Euphratem, Terrebant au- 

ceano Euphratcra inveftus reverterat, refert tem eum multa prodigia. Leonem grandiP- 

convenifTe fe certos Chaldseos, qui monebant, fimum 8c fpeciofiffimum eorum qui ibi ale- 

Babylone ut abftineret Alexander. Nihil mo- bantur, domefticus afinus adortus calce inter- 

tus tamen progreflus eft. Poftquam pervenit fecit.Depofitisveftibusunftuspila ludebat.Ibi 
ad muros urbis, corvorum examen vidit cer- , juvenes qui pila luferant, ubi refumenda erant 

tantium 8c fe mutuo csedentiura : quorum ali- pallia, hominem contemplantur tacitum in 

quot juxta ipfum funt delapfi. Inde delato ad folio fedentem,diademate & amiftu regio or- 

eum indicio prrefeftum Babylonis Apollodo- natum. Hic in qusftione interrogatus qui 

rum de ipfo exta confuluiflc, arufpicem Py- eflet, diu non reddidit vocero. Vix tandem, 

thagoram accivit. Non inficiantem faftum quum ad fe rediifl^et, Dionyfium ait dici fe, 

rogavit, quid deprehendiflet in hoftia : qui efle Meflenium gcnere, ceitis autem crimini- 

ubi refpondit jecur fine capite faifl^e, Pap:^, bus accufatum, atque eo a mari duftum, lon- 

inquit, foedum prodigium ! Nec Pythagoram go fpatio in vinculis fuifle, modo Sarapim 

violavit: verum pcenituit eum quod fidem adftitifle fibi: vinculifque exemptum eo de- 

non adhibuiflet Nearcho: ac fere extra mu- duxifl^e^atque imperavifle ut vefteregiafump- 

ros Babylonios divertit, circumveaufque eft ta-8c diademate, filentio confideret, 

His 



g6 



AAESANAPOS. 



TcivTct dm^Tctg o 'AT^i^oLvS'^^^, tov ju9/j oiv^^o/^TTov-) toWs^ c4tgA<^ov ol 
fJ.cLvkig, ^(poLVKTiV' cLVTog Q ^^vfjLei Kj iixT^KTrig Iw %^g to ^mv mJV?, H.cd 
'TT^g T«V (piKag vt^otiI^. (Jlcl7\i<^ol o 'AviiTrctT^v i(po^€iTo, j^ t^V TfcuS^OLg, 
m '\o7\ol(^ i^ d^x^oivoxo'^ riV o 3 KotVc«t^<^^(^ ci<pl;i}o f^ veod^i' B-ioL- 
crdfAp<^ (Saf^ot^a? Tivoig Tr^TKUuQvJoLgj otre J^>i Ti^^(j,fj^(^ 'EAAw- 
j/ixw^, )c, Toiar.o TT^Ti^v (jLY\S\v w^mg, lyihoL^nv 7r^7TiTi<ri§ov. 3 'A- 
Tsk^cLvi^ef^ &)'^y<£&"«j v^ <^^^oLfy)(^ olvtS "P^ tz/OC^v, (T(po^^ Tcug x^- 

(TIV CLjLt(pOTi§Ctig iTTOUG^i TYiV Hi^pOLXYiV TT^g TOV ToHxoV. CLV^^g Q TT^g T^g 
XOLTYiyo^Hv]oLg 'AvJlTTOLT^ii XiyeiV t\ ^«A0jU$^0f TOV KoL(rOLV(^^0V QAiyi^\d(tiVj 

Ti hiyag ; g(^«, to(tolvtIw oi^ov oLv^^odTrag (u.y)<SIv oiSiKiifjSfiigj dhXoi crv- 
Ko(poLv}Qv}oLg sK^eiv', (pmavl^^ q t5 Koltolv^^^h tSto olvto (TYifjLeiov eivcu ts 
crvKo(poLv]eiV, on fJLOLyc^v yiKHTi t^ gAg/^&)i;, oivoLyi7\oi(ToLg ' A?\i^oLV<^§(^, 

TOLVTOL QMiivOL, t(pYI, (T0(pi(TfJLCtTOL t'^ 'Ag/fOTgAa? i\g iKCLTi^OV "^ KoyOdV' 
ol/ULOJ^OfjSpOl oiv fjLtK^V ciS^^K.Sviig (pOLVY\Ti T«V dv^^OdTTiig. TO Q OAOI^ OLVT^ 
(pOLCTiV S^eiVOV QMSiwCU K^ S^dj^TOnolOV iP^i^ T« "^V^n tQ KoL(TOLV(S^ii TO 
«^g©-", &)VtS V<Fi^OV Xii^'^^'' TTOAAoI? «(Al yicLKiS^OVOdV (ioL(TlhdjOvloLy K^ K^- 

T^vloL -^ 'E7\KoiS(^, CM Ai7\(polg (^.ttoltSvJol >^ B-iOdfjSfJov t^V dvS^eAoiv- 
Tctg, eiKov(^ 'A7\i^dvSe,H (poLveiTY^g, d(pvoii nXYi^^TOL (pei^ou k^ k^S^olv- 
^hm TO (TOdfJLOL, KOU fJ.o7\ig dvcL7\0L^iiv iOUUTOV \7\i!\yid(TOLv\oL Tf^og T«V 

'O (^ iiV 'A7\i^0LvS§^ Uig iviS^OdKiV TOTi TT^g T^ B-^OL, TOL^X^^^^^ 7^' 

VO- 

His Alcxanderauditis, illumex vatumcon- lumniandum venifle? Quum refpondiflet Caf- 

filio fuftulit de medio. Cseterum animo ipfe fander, efle id ipfum calumnise indicium, 

anxio atque erga Deos diffidenti jam evalit, quod tam procul ab iis, unde poflent redar- 

adverfus amicos vero fufpiciofo. Ancipatrum gui, veniflent : cachinnans Alexander, Hsec 

imprimis formidabat ejufque filios, ex quibus illa, inquit, commenta Ariftotelis funt in u- 

lolaus princeps pincerna erat, Caflander nu- tramque partem dicendi : poenam luetis, fi 

per advenerat. Qui quum barbaros vene- parumeosconvinccrainil£efifle.Omninoautera 

rabundos illum falutantes confpe.siflet, vir ingentem terrorem aiunt Caflandri animum 

in libertate enutritus Graeca, atque hujuf- fubiifle & pertinaciter infedifle, ufque adeo 

cemodi fpeftaculi haftenus infolens, in ca- ut infequutis temporibus regnum Macedo- 

chinnum liberiorem eft effufus. Eu re exar- nise obtinens, & Grzecias potiens, quum Del- 

fit ita Alexander, ut arreptum crinibus ca- phis inambularet contemplareturque ftatuas, 

put ejus ambabus manibus vehemcnter con- fimulacro confpefto Alexandri, fubito hor- 

tuderit ad parietem. Alio tcmpore refponde- rore toto contremuerit corpore, & ad illius 

re Antipatri accufatoribus aliquid parantem imaginisconfpe£tuma:ftuans?egrecolligeretfe. 
inierpellans Caflandrum, Quid ais, inquit, tam Alexander igitur poftquam femel religio- ' 

longa via homines nihil lasfos tantum ad ca- ne obftridus eft, tumultuante & trepidante 
6 animo 



A A E S A N A P O S. 97 

ciTOTraiVy /bLri re^? g7roi«To j^ (m^eiov' olAKol ^voi^odv -^ Kct^au^vlm 
yi fjLdvldjovlm fJLi^^ov Iw To (^dG-iAetov. aVct)? ol'^ <hiVov fMp oLTrig-ict Tr^g 

TOL B-eici, »9 KOLTOL(p^0Vmg OLUT^' JVil/JI Q OUtJ^iq « S^aG-iJ^CUIULOViOLy (^klw 

vS'a.T<^ oiei 7r^o<; to Ta7reiViifS{J0V, >c, oLvavrM^^v ct<?sAT«g/a? vl (po^a tov 
'Ahi^avS^^v '^ofj^ov. ii julIw ci^J\d kcutt^ -^^no-f^'' yz t^ rzjfet 'H(pou~ 
<^im(^ oK QiS Ko/unoyivJcDV, )KTdB-if^(^ To mvB-(^i ouj^ig luu b) S-v(rict>g 
yi TToTotg. i<^ioL(7ag 7\afJLn^odg t«V ^zifei N^a^x^^^ "'^'^- AairctjU^©^ uxfKi^ 
iidd^eiy (jLiXKodv Ka^dji^eiV, ]siYi^i^ hriUv\(^y 4x^'^'^ mfJLacrof^j^ Tr^og av- 

TOV KOLKei TnOdV oKIw tIw SjnidaV YjfJLi^V, Yie,^aTO TTV^iTletV, iiTi (r}iv(pov 

'H^KMag c/nmc^v, iiTi (xCpvcti cTictAyjiV '^ofjSf^^ to fXiTOL(p^ivov, uxrm^ 
Ao'/^M 7ti7r7\Yiy(idg' d7\7\(i ToJjTa Ttv\g c^ovlo (^eiv y^cpetv, acr^^i^ S'^fjLa- 
T©^ fJLiydha T^yiKov cJ^oS^iov j^ (^Tfa^lg T^xddavlig. ' AejL<ro^iiK(^ <^i 
(pYKrtv ouuTov 7:ve,iT\ov\a fJLavtmg, S^t-^n^ravla q (Kpo^^, Trtetv oivov' cm t^- 
TH (p^mTtda-cu, k^ Ti7\.<9jTY\(Tcu TeJLaKaS^t Acu(ri^ fJLiwog. 

'Ei/ 3 Tctig i^pnfjLie^^tv iiTOog yky^.ivlou «sfei tIjuu vohov. 'Oyi^on cfm i^i- 
KdTY) Acuxid fjlwog ind^Sjhv cv tu KnT^odVt S^td to t^v^i^cjul. tm 3 i^ng 
7\'d(rdfjS{j(^ eig tqv 3-d7\afiov fJLiTY\7\^iv, k^ S^tnfLi^Sji 7r^g Mn^iov Kv^odjciiv. 
etT o-^i 7\ii(rdfJLiv(^, v^ Td ti^ Tolg Qiolg c%OaV> ifjL^paycdV, S^td vvKJog 
'iTfv^i^iV. Tn etKdt^t 7.ii(rdfjLiv(^, 7rdxtv i^vdi tIw eiS-t^rfjSpIw B-vcriaV yi 
mTay.eifJAV<^ cm t4 hHT^^vi To]g (uk^ Nscif^^oi; i<^oKa{!^iv, da^c^fJLiV^^ 



TOt 



animo pracditus, nulla res infolita 8c aliena phum, neque repente fpins dolore veluti 

tam exigua oblata eft, quam non verteret in hafta confixus ingemuit. Sed hjec putaverunc 

prodigium & oftentum, fed facrificantium, quidam fcribenda, quafi magn^ fabuije tragi- 

expiantium, & vaticinantium erat regia re- cum exitum & lamentabile fingentes. Ari- 

ferta. Adeo res eft horrenda incredulitas & ftobulus narrat, eum quum delirio ex febre 

contemptio Dcorum ; horrenda itera fuper- teneretur, atque ingenti cruciaretur fiti, vi- 

ftitio, qus aqux modo vergit ad demifla, num potafie, hinc in phrenefim incidifie, ac- 

impletque abfurdis opinionibus & metu mor- que trigefimo menfis Diefii die deccffifie. 

tales, ut tunc Alexandrum. At ille oraculis In diariis ad hunc modum de morbo ejus 

de Hepha:ftione a Deo allatis luSum depo- fcriptum eft: Oftavo decimo die menfis D^- 

fuit, iterumque ad ficrificia & pocula fe con- fii in balneo febris caufa cubavit. Poftero die 

vertit. Ac quum fplendido convivio exce- lotus contulit fe in cubiculum, eumque diem 

piflet Nearchum, atque inde lotus de more alese ludo cum Medio tranfegit. Inde vefperi 

luo eflet iturus cubitum, ad obnixe rogantem lotus & facris operatus cibum fumpfit avidius. 

Medmm ivit comeflatum. Apud hunc quum Hinc node febre afiliaus eft. Die vigefimo 

diem mfequentem totum perpotaflet , fe- lotus folenne facrum iterum peregit, decum- 

bre eft tentatus. Non exhaufit Herculis fcy- benfque in balneo Nearcho vacavit, naviga- 

V°'" IV. N tionem 



98 AAESANAPOS. 

rai akJi Tov ttkQv »9 rlw fjnychJw B-ctActTlciv, t« cl^gxarw (pS-ivovl(^ rouu^ 
m Tuomag fJLSi7<hov clvi^phix^n, 39 rlw vvKJct jSa^lo)? jo^gt/, ^t, t/m) «^«- 
(rav «^gg^f hveerliv (r(po^^. ;^- fj.irct^^Hg KoLrimro a^ tIuu fjLiycthlw 
KoKviLL^Yi^^V on ^Y\ rolg Y\yifA,o(Ti S^kiKix^ ^ t^ ^Yifj,ov Y\yifjLovia.g 
rd^^oiV) oTrag Kctrcts-YiG-odcrt S^omfJLct^rctvltg. l^S^ofjLYj^ (tc^oc^^ Trv^irJcav g5y- 
o-gf o^ct^6«V ^^oV ra ts^'. t^'' q nyefzovm IvJih^i raV fJnyk^ig S^LaLret' 
^m cv rn cujhn, rct^ici^x^^ ^9 TTivJctKo^rict^x^^ '^^^ vvk}^6^hv. eig 'j ra 
TTg^i/ ^cKTihetct SictKOjULiSreig, rfj iKlY) (TjULiK^ov iJ7rv&)(riv' 3 Tfv^srog iiK 
ctvmsv. iTTihUvlit^v 'j^f «7^."'°'^^^' ^ (>L(pm(^, ofJLoict^g q ;^ rlw wijLLTfllw' 
SiQ 5^ Toi? MctKiSo^rtv iSo^iV h^volvcUj -^ Kctri^obbv ihhdvlig iiRa rdg B-v- 
^g, j^ SiY)7rahQiilo rolg ircu^ig, wg i^ictG-ctvlo. k^ r^/^ B-v^m cwrolg dv- 
oix^ei(rodv, cv rolg ;^<T&cri Kct^' ivct itcLvlig cm^ rY\V Khivlw nctPi^Yihdov. 
roLvrYig r' i]jULi^,g 01 fZtfei IlvS-odvct k^ ^ihSjKov «V ro 'Zcjl^-khov X^. 
<^aKiv\ig, Yi^modv ei KOjLLi^rHo-iv hei rov 'Ahi^oLvS^v' d q ©goV K^ X^&^^ 
iciv ctvcihiV. rn q reArY) (p^ivovl^ TT^dg Seihlw diriSctviv. 

T«Tffli/ rd Tihei^cJt. k$ hi^iv h rcug i(pY\fjLieJ.(riv iirci) yiy^Tflou. (pa^. 
fjLOLKeiag o ^sm^-^ioLV cwriKct y^ iiS^eig i^ev' iKlca o iret (padiv fxluuixnoag 
'^pof^VYig rlw 'OhvfjLirMct %ohh^g f^j dviheiv, iKQjL-^cu 3 rd hei-^ctvoL 
tQ 'idhoL ri5-VY)Kdr(B^, ft)V riira rd (pd^fjLctKov ifxioLv](^. 01 3 'AejLg-orihn 
^ddKovlig 'AvliTrdr^ct) (tv fjL^^-ahov yi^n^ r' Tt^^iodg, ^ ohdig Si' keiva 
Kofjn^YiVca rd (pd^fJLCLKov, 'Ayvo^ifjLiv rivd (Sinyei^ hiyacriv, ocg 'Av^iiydvd 

T» 

tioncm fuam, & quid vidiflet in Oceano, ex- cos regis coegerunt ut admitterentur, ac 

ponenti. Vigefimo primo quum idem feciflet, foribus apertis tunicati ad unum omnes prte- 

aggravavit febris, noftemque egit gravem, ter leftum ejus tranfierunt. Eodem die Py- 

ac poftridie eft acri febre tentatus, tranfla- thon & Seleucus ad templum Serapis miili 

tufque decubuit juxta magnum natatorium. confuluerunt Deum an deportarent eo Alex- 

Eodem tempore cum ducibus egit quemad- andrum. Deus, ne eum moverent loco, re- 

TOodum ordinibus vacuis prseficerent fpefta- fpondit. Vigefimo oflavo fub vefperam ex- 

tos. Vigefimo quarto ingravefcente vi morbi fpiravit. 

ftcris operatus eft, ad quae eil deportatus, ac Hsc fere in diariis ita perfcripta ad ver- 

prECcipuos duces in aula juflit commorari, bum funt. Veneni extemplo fufpicionem ne- 

centuriones & tribunos excubare pro foribus. mo habuit. Sexto demum anno autumant in- 

Dektus in ulteriorem regiam vigefimo quin- dicio delato Olympiada multos necalTe, of" 

to die paulifper quievit, febris tamen non fa etiam projecifle mortui Io1:e, quiifi vene- 

remifit. Quum adifient eum duces, jam vo- num hic mifcuiflet. Qiii vero autorem Ari- 

cem amiferat, Pari modo vigefimo fexto egit. ftotelem hujus facinoris perhibent Antipatro 

'Unde Macedones mortuum rati ad fores fuifle, atque omnino per illum allatum virus, 

magno ftrepitu accefl"erunt, minifque ami- hiAgnothemim quendam,qui id exAntigono 

rege 



A A E S A N A P O S. 99 

XtTO TTiT^g nVO? CV Noi^a>tei^t ^'«^H^> «l' OdG-TTi^ ^^OCTOV KiTflnV dvaXcifJL^Ct' 

vovli? dg ova %nA«i/ '^tI^sv^ •j^" ^ aAAwi' «c^W dfyeiodv ^iyeiv, olKKol 
^iOLKOTrleiV ^sm -vJ/y^foVnT-©^ J^ ^e/f^vTi^T^. ol o hKh^oi tov Koyov oA&)? 

oioV^ 7ri7r7\OL^ TOV f^ '^ OoL^jbLOLmoLg' Kj TiKfJLne/.OV aVTolg a f/.tK^OVy 

on '^ r^yifJLovoDV <roL(rioL(roLv](iiV i(p' vifii^g TroAAct?, dS-i^TT^Tov to (t&- 
fjLOL Kei^jSfov CM TOTToig S-^fjLoHg Kj TTVtyodh^TLV, acTW 'i^iv ToicwTm (p^o^g 
G-y)fzeiov, 0Lh7\ ifjLHViV kolS-ol^v Kj 7r^(T(pa.Tov. « 'V&i^cLvn Kvwa [B^ 
iTvfx^vs, j^ (S^ioi tQto TifJLdiiBfn a^ Toig MaKiS^oo-iv' hd^Y^Xong q Ix^a^ra 
w^g tIw iTOLTH^v, cJ^moLTn^TiV ouuTbju cJh^^oKn Tivt 7ri7r7\a(rf^n (£^' 
^i^, yi 7r^(rayayQ(ra, [jl^ 't' oihh^piig oi^riKlaviV, j^ raV fsx.^aV «V to 
<p^ia^ KaTi^a7\i Kj o-ta;g;^&)o-gv, cI^ot©^ TouJTa Ui^^iKKii j^ crvfjLTT^T- 
Tov\(^. huu -jS QMav(^ ^B-vg cv S^uuuoifJLH fJLiyi<^y]-> tov ApptJ**cMoi/, 'o^(r7Ti^ 
he,v(poe,y\fJLa t' (ha^nXeiag, i(ps7\KotJj{j(^, ysyovoTa k^ ok ywuouKog olJ^o^h 
TLj KOim ^iT^ivvYig, oLTiKn T^ (p^veiv ovla ^id (rc^fxaT^ vo(tov, W (pv^ret 
7r^(T7ri(ri(raVj iiS% cuuTOfXoiTOdg' ctAAct Xj VFoivv (padiv Ttoui^og ovl^ oujtS 
iiaCpouvi^ X^eMV «3-©-', j^ ^K oL^^vky «ra iSfTot (pa^fjLoiKoig \:m 
'07\vfjL7rioiS(^ KaKO)^iv]a iia(p^a^hjtJou tLuu iidvoiav. 

rege audiiflet, narrafle referunt. Venenum retur, Statiratn autem a;mularetur, literis cir- 

autem aquam frigidam fuifle & infl:ar glaciei cumventam commentitiis evocavit : quam, 

gelidam, qusE Nonacride ex petra quadam ut ventt, cum forore necavit, ac cadavera ea- 

rcfudet. Eam ficut tenuem rorem excipien- rum in puteum prtecipitavit, terramque in- 

tes afini ungula reponere : nuUo enim vafe gefl!it, confcio & adjutore Perdicca. Ille e- 

ferri alio pofle, verum erodere rigore fuo 6c nim mox in fumma fuit poteflate, Aridseo, 

acrimonia omnia. Maxima pars tamen eam velut regni umbra, fl:ipatus. Natus hic 

veneni fabulam prorfus exifl:imant commen- ex obfcura fuit muliere 8c vulgante corpus 

titiam, habentque argumentum non leve, Philinna, neque mentis compos ex corpo- 

quod difl^entientibus per multos dies ducibus, ris vitio , non nativo neque fpontaneo : 

corpus quum locis fervidis 8c aeftuofis jacuif- immo vero perfpicue ferunt in puero e- 

fet non curatum, ejufcemodi veneni nullum luxifl!e fefl:ivam indolem nec ignavam; poffc 

veftigium prse fe tulerit, verum fine livore £c tamen , quum medicamentis fuifTet ab O- 

tabe permanferit recens. Roxane prasgnans lympiade vitiatus, mente debilitatum fu- 

crat, atque ideo quum a Macedonibus cole- iflTe. 



^•^0^ 



Nz r, lOT- 




1 



i/'/'//^^t ,9. s^//-//^M :x^ . 



r. I0TAI02 KAI2AP. 

HN KivvoL tQ fjLom^x^'^'^^^ S-vyoLTi^ Ko^vyiXiav, aV 
S7reK^Ty)(rs SuAAot?, arg iKTritnv iiTS (po^a ^UDiSeig "^^m- 
ojj(L<jWL Kcu(ra.§<^y IS^vifJLdjG-i tIw Cpe^vlu) olvtyi?- cuTia q 
Kcu<roLeA '^ TT^g XvAAcLV oL7rix^eioL?y Yi TT^g MccejLov ot~ 
moTY\g Iw. 'laXici ^, TroLTeJ? cLh7\(p'^ Koua-a^(^, o TT^icr- 
^vTiq(^ (Ttwdm Mot^i(^, o^ ng hy&yovH Mag/(^ o veodTe^i^, cive^^^/iog 
odv Kcu(roLi^(B-'. 6)V "^^ TfTi^B-ag cpovm cv d^x^ ^9 "^*' oi^o?\(oLg -ism 

'XvKh.Ct 7T0L^^(J)p{)(^ ii>L YtyoLTrYKTiV, CtAAct fJLiTI,(iiV k^(id(TWulw dg TOV 
^fjLOV 7rej(rY)AB-iV} ^7rCd TTOLVV fJLH^mOV CaV, TOLVTY\g 




_ _ C/>i7rgO"«f OLVTOV 

VTTSVctvlicd^eig ^vT^hoLg 7Tae,iT>tdjaL(Tiv' ^Ztfei o civou^iTiCdg liiih<^JOfMfj(^, bvi~ 
cdv MyovJciiV, cog »>t tx^^ T^oyov ^hiDKlmtwou 7rou(^oL tyiAi}lStov, aV iCpy) vSp 
iX^^ oLVT^g, «' f^M TToAAaV c^ Tw Tiou^i TiiTOd MaeJ-^g cvo^£(riv. TavTYig 
^ (pcdVYig QJi)ix^^^y\<^ TT^? Kou(ra^, (rvx^ov fMp Tiva ;^£^Vov 7r7\avcdi^(^ 

cv 



CoRNELiAM Cinnas, qui Romac reriitn 
potitus eft, filiam poftquam vidor Sylla ne- 
que fpe ncque metu perpellerc Csefarcm va- 
luit ut dimitteret, publicavit dotem ejus. 
Cauf; inimiciti^ in Syllam Cxfari necellitudo 



titudinem & occupationes eft a Sylla neglec- 
tus, non acquievit,fed ad pecitionem facerdotii 
pene impubesvenit in campum. C^tcrum hu- 
jus repulfim adverfante clam ei Sylla tulit : qui 
quum de necando eo deliberaret, & oftenderent 



Marii erat. Juliam enim Casfaris amitam Ma- nonnulli nihil clTe cauf^ curtantuhira puerum 
rius major in matrimonio habuit, ex qua Ma- trucidaret, Nihilmentisdixitcoshabere, li non 
riusjuniornatuseftCa:farisconfobrinus. Utau- ei puero multos viderent Marios inefle. Hac 
tem initio ob eorum qui interficiebantur mul- voce adCasfaremperlatalongo tcmpore palans 

in 



K A I S A P. 101 

QV ^Ct^m? iKXiTrJiV koUUTOV iTCHTCt ^l Clllj>(i39lCiV «V oIkiOLV ki^V fJLiTCiM- 

fjuljifjQifJ^^j K? vvxJoL (^TTiTfJei ^^Timcug tQ ^vKhd S^ti^^vo^^ois 
iKeivct. Toi %6)eia> »9 t»V KiK^vfxiB^^g (rvAKoLfjL^oLvairiv. a>v tov ^ysfxovoL 
Ko^v^hiov 7rei(roLg S^va-] ToLhoLvJoig cL(pei5-n, jij koltol^ool? ^S-vg qBj B-ccKolt- 
TOLV, oJ^mhSj^TiV «V ^i^vvioLV TT^g NtKofxni^n tov (^u<rixioL. ttol^' co S^i.cit.- 

Tei^^Ctg X?'^^^^ ^ TTOT^VVy eiTCL )K^7r?\iC0V, dKi^TKi^ (Z^ tIw (t>Ct^fjLCiKQ(rOLV 

vno^ov "cm Trei^i^, h<^« tot^ fohoig fjLiyoLhotg ^ a-Koi(ps(nv cL7r?\iToig kolts- 
^ovJodV tIw B-oihoLTloLV. 

U§OdTOV fjS{J iv OUT»^€ig fV Oo/t^ 7\VT^ (iKO(Tl TcLIkCL^CL KOLTiyiAOLCTeVy 

Cdg iiK (i^oTm ov n^mom' cwTog <Pi oofA.ohoyn^nv ir-ivlnKovioL S^c^aeiv. iiraTCL 
'p^ fsfec ouJtov (X7\7\ov «V oiKKhuu S^tOLiiifir^/cLg vroKiv cBi 'P^ x^^!^^'^^^ 
TToeAo-f^ov, CM clv^^oiTroig (poviKooToiToig KtAtJii/ /wsd' bog (piha ;^ <^voiv olko- 

KiiS-OlV "^AiKeiflf^jQ^, hTOd KOTCLCp^VnTiKUig «%gf, 6)92 7rifA7rOdV 0(rOLKig 
dvOLTTOUUOtTO, ^T^diTCLTliV OUJTolg (Tmndu. nfLi^ig 3 Ti&TOL^KOvloL (hiav 

hii(roug, «Wgf « (p^a^iif^©-', ctAAct (^c^v(po^ii(jSf(^ vtt' oju^^S, qJ^ 
%o7<hng d^ciOLg (rtwmou.^i Kj crujuiyvfJLvd^iTo. j^ 7roinfJLCLTci y^<podV )^ Ao- 
yag Tivdg, dK^OLTccig cAieiVoig ix^TO' v^ raV fJin ^ouufxd^ovlcLg, dvJiK^vg. 
dvFouJ^^Tng K^ fhae,^d^^g d7:iKd7\ei, j^ (tvv yi7\oi)Ti no7\7\dKig n^^eiT.n^nv. 
KBifJcdv ouuTag. ol Q i-)(^ou^v, d(pi7\eicL Tiv\ k^ ^roui^icl tLuu ^raj^pn^rioLv tuv- 
tIw vifMovlig. odg 3 nKov qm MtAnra Td 7\vt^, k^ i^ag d(pei3-n, 7i7\oicL 
7;7\n^(J)(TaLg Sj^vg m t^ MtA«(r/&)v 7\iiBp<^, cfXi T^g 7\n9dg dvnyiTo' ^ 

KUTCL- 

in Sabinis abdidit fe. Inde dum valetudinis peciinix gratia dimiflis, inter homines immai- 

caiiHi aliam in domum transfertur, incidit in niffimos Cilicas cum uno amico & duobus 

Syllanos milites, qui illa loca fcrutabantur, fervis reli6tus adco eos defpexit, ut quoties 

comprehendebantque, fi qui delitefcerent. quiefcebat, miflb aliquo indiceret illis filen- 

Qiiorum ducem Cornelium duorum talento- tium. Dics duo de quadraginta, quafi non 

rum mercede induxit ut dimittcretur: ac cuftodiretur, fed ftiparetur ab eis, in fumma 

confcenfa protinus nave in Bithyniam ad re- fecuritate una ludebat 6c fe exercebat. Janx 

gem Nicomedem eft profcftus. Apud quem carmina & orationes fcribebat, eaque in.cir- 

quum non diu defediflet, difcedens in pela- culo eorum pronuntiabat : (1 qui non ad- 

go ad Pharmaculam infulam capitur a piratis, mirarentur ea, hos palarn illitcratos appella- 

qui magnis jam claflibus multifque navigiis bat & barbaros: frequenter per jocum fuf' 

mare infeftum habebant. penfiirum eos fe rainabatur. Placebat id ilHsj 

Hos Caefir primum poftulantes pro ip- fimphcitati ejus & setati hanc lingu.-e Hberta- 

fius redemptione viginti talenta derifit, tem afcribentibus. Ut allata Mileto pccurua, 

quafi ignaros quem tenerent : ipfe quinqua- qua redimeretur, 6c numerata miflus eft, cora- 

ginta daturum fe pollicitus eft. Inde comi- plevit confeftim naves, atque ex Milefiorunt 

tibus fuis alio ad aliara urbem expediend^ portu ad perfcqucndos prjedones falvit, occu- 

panfque 



102 



K A I S A P. 



l^ X^yilu.ciTa. 7\eioLV kTromaLTQi t»V o civi^^g cv U^ycijULce KctTct^if^^ 
«V To Aa-fjLOdTrieAov, ctvTQ? iTTo^dj^Yi TT^g Tov MTTovloi tIuu ' AcricLV 'lafwv, 
«? k«i/&) 7r^(r«xoj' o^t g-^Tiiyw )io7\cL<Tcu T^g kci?\moTctg. k«va q ;^ m^ 
^f«^cto-(j/ g7ro(|)0otA|a(ft)i/7(^ ( /tJ ■jS a;c oAty'* ) >9 ^^i^ t^ cMp^^jitotAwrft)»' 
cr;cs\|/otc^ (^ctV;cov](^ c^^ «^oA«?j ;^^'?f<i' gotVct? olvtov o KoMixot^, «^ Ilgf- 
yctjitov ^X^'^^^ ^ Tr^ootyctywf TaV AJifot? cLTfoLvJct^; aivi?cive,miv-> mm^ 
oLvTolg (^omv Trcu^eiV ov t« vyktco Tr^H^mH TToXhctKig. 

'E;t T«Va -:? SJaAoi ^wudfJLiOdg iiS^y) lULOL^ouvofj^Yig, ;J t^ ol';to{ ;{ct- 
A«'iI](Mi/ otyVoi/, g7rA<^j(rgi/ «V PoVbi' cBi (^ohhx) Tr^og 'KTioKhdviov tov tQ 
MoA&)i/(^, a ;^ K(;cs^&)i/ >i;c^otTo, (ro^ifguoi/^^^ cBi(poLv£g, >c, toi/ t^oVoi/ 
c^«;cac di/oM <^o;{.av1(^. Asyg^ o ;^ (piJi/oi4 Tr^oV Aoya? 7roA{Tt;c»V o Kcm- 

O^Ct^ Ote/^rct, ;^ iTiCtTrol/Hff^CM (pihOTllULOTOLTOLTlw (pV(TlV, 6)V TOt i^SjT^CiOL yS^ 

ciS^YieJLTOdg ix^^'> '^^ Tre^m^ov, oir^g tm S^tivcifjLH -^ Tolg oTrAoi^ tt^^t^^ 
m /noLhhoV otAA ct%oA}i6«V v(p€ivou, Tceoq oTTgf « cpuVt? vcpMyetTo -^ (^ 
Tzi" As^^^i/ <^«i/oV«T©-', "Ozt;^^ 9^T«&)'i/ ;^ TTohiTaoLg, yi KOLTi£Yi(roLTo tLuu Yiys- 

fJLOvictV, iiK <^lK0fj8{j(^. OLUTOg C^' bl/ l/Vg^f (iv TM Tr^V Kiiiil^CdVOL f^efet 

KciV6t)i/(^ civ\iye^<pY\ TtoL^ouTHTou, fjLY) <^^Ti,CtiTi)iH 7\oyov cLvS^og civli^iTGi- 
t^HV Tf^g S^avoTYiTOL pYiTo^^^ djCpvSg, )ij oj^ohlw (^ tQto TToXhU/j oiyovlog. 

'ETTOLVih^CdV «V '?Odf/.LuU, Aoho^^ihKOLV i>itlViV KCima€(t)g iTTOL^xi^^^i 

ii^ Trohhcu >C70 -^ 'EAActJ'^^ t^ TrohiOdV iia^TveioLg ouutcS Tiaekyov. o \h^ 

^v 

panfque ad illam infulam adhuc ftantes, ple- fcholam aperuerat infignem, apparebatque vi- 

rofque in poteftatem redegit : quorum pecu- rum probum elTe. Dicitur 8c ad civiles ora- 

niam in prxdam vertit; ipfos Pergami dedit tiones optime fuifle natura comparatus, inge* 

in cuftodiam, atque ad Junium, qui cum im- niumque excoluifle fedulo, fecundas ut citra 

perio Afiam obtinebat, profeftus eft, quod controverfiam ferret : primas vero in ca, ut 

illius, ut prxtoris, efiet de captivis fuppli- potentia potius 8c armis eflet primus, reliquif- 

cium fumere. Qui quum nummis eorum o- fe aliis, neque cam, quo ducebat eum natura, 

culos adjeciflet (neque enim pauca fumma vim dicendi, quo expeditionibus & traftandas 

erat) 8c de captivis confideraturum fe dicerct reipublicje vacaret, quibus artibus imperium 

per otium, filute Caefar prietori dicla Per- qujefivit, eft aflequutus. Ac poftmodum in o- 

gamum contendit, fuftulitque in crucem pi- ratione, qua Ciceronis Catoni refpondct, de- 

ratas omnes, ficut per fpeciem joci crebro in precatur ne quis hominis militaris diftionem 

infula ilHs praedixerat. cum oratoris folertis multumque ea in re otii 

Exinde languefcente jam Syll^ potentia, ponentis contendat eloquentia. 

& necefl"ariis eum domum revocantibus , Ad urbem reverfus poftulavit Dolobellam 

Rhodum navigavit ad Apollonium Molo- repetundarum , civitatefque GrazciEe fre- 

nis, cujus etiara Cicero auditor erat, qui quentes teftimonium ei dixere. Vcrum ab- 

folutus 



K A I S A P. 103 

sv Aoho^i^M? (tTfiipvyi tLuu <^aktj' 3 Kcii(rci§ oifjLeiQaf^^^ rlw 'EA- 
TkcLS^o. 't' 7r^Sv[jLici<;, crujt)Y\yQ^dj(7iv ouutyj I{o%7\\.ov 'Kvimiov d^w^caV^ S^od^- 
SokIol?) cBi A^JcaAAa tS Motf^cy MctuJ^onctg 9^Tny^' k^ to^tQtov i^v- 
■cih 6)Vg Tov 'K.v\(idViov cJhY.ahiorai^ raV ^YifjLct^xag, crx«\J/aiw$^uoi' b;c i^m 

TO iVoV CMJ TM 'EA?vaJ^i TT^oV ''l.70\lwcLq. OV Q 'P&)^V) TTOAA^ jo6^' c^' tJ Ao- 

7&) fZtfe^ Tct? (TWUYiyoeJi.ctg cwt^ x^^'' <3i,iXcLfjL7iiVi 7rQA7v« Q •;? <afei rotV 
^gg(6)V«f >9 ofjLihictg (pCho<p^(nwY\g Sjvoicl a^ 'P^ ^YifJLoi^ cLmvlci-, S-g^- 
TT^TuQ Tra^' YiAmav ov\(^. Iw ^k Ttg >c, "M S^ciTrvcdV k^ TP^Miijig-, y^ ohag 

r^ cskl tIw (^ioATOLV hCtffK^OTYIT^^ CW^CtVOfApYi .^C/ fJLlK.e,OV OUUT^ S^VUU (JLfJLlC 

eig tIw TrohiTeioLV. yjv to tt^^tov oi (p^ovSi^igy olof^vot Tctyy "^^ dvoLKod- 

fjLOLTCiV cJ^hlTTOvJoiV c/|/t«AOI/ itTi^y <Zefe«gW^&)t/ OLV^Q(roLV CV Tolg TTOAAo??* 

o\|/2 Q fj^ovJo, fXiyoLhng >9 ^vfroLvaT^iTfJa '^ofj^r.gi j^ (^aJ^i^ii^rYig (jivliK^vg 
cJm tLuu t^ Qhdiv fjLiTa^ohYiV, c^g ^hfJLiav ct^x^^ ir^yftaT^ nynTiov 
^u^i/, nv a Tayjj notei fXiyoLhlw to b^hMyig, h tQ >iaTa<p^VY\%vca 
To fj,n 'itoiiKv^nvcu. 7\a^Q(rav. oy \^v 7r^m(^ vn^H^ S^oyMv avTQ k^ cpo- 
^Yi^Ywai T' vrohiTeiag uxrm^ ^ahctTiYig tol (^iayehc^vla, >^ Tnv cm tcS (pih- 
av^^o^TTCt) )^ Iha^i^ Kix^vfjLi^lw S^moTnTa tQ nS-iig KaTafj,a^(^v KiKi^&)v, 
'ihiyi Tojg (XhKoig dira(T\,v cBiCiih(<^ fjLa^T^v ouutQ j^ 7iohiTSjfjLa(riv tv^vvi- 
KYiv ovo^dv i^idvoiav' dhh oTav, iCpn, Tnv Kofjihuu ^TOd (^iaKetfj^vlw ^afe^r- 
Toog it^oo, Kcimvov m (SaKlvhco Kvodf^ov, a ftok (^oKet Trdhiv St'^ dvS-^d)- 

folutus Dolobella eft. Csefar autem ad pen- gus permifere; fero autem, ubi evafiflent jam 

fandum Graecorum ftudium, patrocinium eo- ingentes & praevalid^, atque aperte in re- 

rum, quum P. Antonium apud M. Lucul- rum integram mutationem fenferunt eas c- 

lum Macedonise pr^torem captae pecunix rumpere, animadverterunt nullum ccnfen- 

accufarent, fufcepit, tantumque effecit, ut dum effe rei alicujus parvum exordium, 

ad tribunos plebis Antonius provocaret, al- quod non illico grande reddat continuatio, 

legans non aequo jure in Grjecia fe cum quodque ex eo quod contemnatur, ancqui- 

Grscis contendere. Rom£E vero multa o- tur ne impediatur. Itaque ille qui primus 

rationis ejus in defenfionibus effulfit venuf- fufpedam habuifle videtur 6c timuiiTe ejus 

tas, multum etiam ex comitate in faluta- in republica gerenda ficut in mari fiUfo blan- 

tlonibus S<: congreftibus, quod fupra £eta- dientem ferenitatem, & latentem fub huma- 

tem blandus eflet, favorem aflequutus eft ad nitate & hilaritate perfenfit acriraoniam, Ci- 

populum.Ad hxc ccenarum &menf£e,&deni- cero, dicebat in aliis ejus coeptis 6c aftioni- 

quereliquovitiE fplendore colligebat paulatim bus perfpicere fe omnibus ingenium tyranni- 

in republica opes:.quas invidi ejus brevi cum : Sed quum comam ejus, inquit, ita vi- 

exiftimantes deficientibus fumptibus evani- deam compofitam accurate, ipfumque uno di- 

das fore, lecujri-inclarefcere illum apud vul- gito caput fcabcmero, contra nonvidetur ifte 

mihi 



104 K A I S A P. 

7r(^ «V ySv oiv Ifx^aT^i^ TviKiyi^To mKoVt oivou^ia-iv "^ 'Pcd/uLmm TToXiTeicii, 
TCUJTCL (M^j ai/ vTe^v. 

TS 3 (^^lUa TT^OdTlw ^ '^S^et^lV '^ TT^og OLVTOV SjVolctg iKOL^iV, 0T6 

TT^og Toiiov noTTAtoi/ ge/Vcts' vTTi^ ;^iA<ctf;;:^(ot$", TT^oTi^^ dvY\yo^djB-y\' S^Sj- 

TiO^V Q, Kj }tOLTOi(pOLVi<Fi^Vy OTi '^ Mcte/H yVUUCUKOg 'iHXlOLg >s5730ai/»V«^, 
dhXtpiS^Sg OdV OLVTYjg ifKddjUUOV Ti XOLfJLTT^OV bi cLyO^S. (^lMiV, )^ fsfec TwV 
QM<P0^V iT07\(JLY\!TiV HKOVCLg MoLeJi^ TT^^i^DUj TOTi TT^OdTOV O^P^dorOLg (JL^ 
tUv <Ml 2vAAa "KOhlTHOLV, noMfJLim T^ OLV^^OdV KejL^ivlodV. (Mj TiiTO) y> 

cvm KoLTOL^on^roLvlm tS ¥icu(rct^(^, o (^t)jUL(^ oivlnxnTi TKOL^ir^^g ^i^d- 
iMp(^ K^oTCd-, j^ ^oLV(jLCL(roLg mm^ cJ^ oiS^a i^ioi x^^^^^ TroKXm dvoiyov^ 

TOL TOig McteJ.ii TlfJLoig «V tIw TTOXIV. TO fJ^p «J/ qRj yWUDU^lv 7r^i(T^VTi~ 

^jg Koyag cMiTOLCplag (^a^iivouj TToiTejLov Iw 'P&)fjLctioig' Vicug q ^k ov cv 
'4B-ei, tt^ootI^ HTTiV ¥.cu(TOL^ cRz 'T' icwTS yuncuKog ^cToOciybVn^'* }i tSto 
YiVifKiV avTw x^ez-v TiVOL, ;^ (TvuuiS)f]fjLOLy(iiyYi(riV TtS TToiS-a T^g TToAAaV cog 
rifjLi^v civ^^ v^ ^i^fjLi^ov Yi^ag dyoLTt^v. BcL-^OLg q tIuu yvuuouKOL-, tol- 
fJLiOLg eig 'l^-^eJoLV m '^ <^^TY\yodv BouTOde/. o-wui^^K^iv, ov olvtov Ti ti- 

^tT dei ^HTiMa-iV, >t, TOV ^OV OLVtQ TfdMV d^X^^ TOLfJLlOLV iTfOlYlTiV. ■^o- 

ju$^©-' Q >C70 '^ de;xy\g hdvY^g, TeJ-Tlw Y\ydyiTo ywuouKOL IlofjLTtYiioLV, 'ixot^v 
'iK Ko^VY\7\.iag ^vyoLTi^, tIw v<^ip^v UofjLirY^iod Mdyvod yoLfJLY\^a(TOLV. x§^- 
pSp^ TMg (htTfdvcug d(peiJ^£g, jc, (^ok£v f£p i(pY\fii^v Kj (h^x^<^^ ^tV- 

TlKdTaAKdTlit^DU fJLiydXdSV dvOL7\0bfjAT(^V <^()'^OLV, (^V^fjS^f^ Q TCUg d?.Y}- 

S-eicKg 

mihi tantum mali animo concepturus, ut Ro- foeminarum orationes funebres habere, id mo- 

manam rempublicam evertat. CiEterum hsec ris erat Romani, in adolefcentiorum vero fu- 

poft. neribus quum moris non eflet, primus Casfar 

Primum favoris erga fe populi cepit docu- uxorem fuam defun£bam laudavit: qua re 

mentum, quum tribunus militum competi- favorem meruit, benevolentiamque fibi plebis 

xore C. Popilio prior eft renuntiatus: alte- conciliavit hac pietate, ut quafi placidum vi- 

rum & clarius, quum Marii uxorem Juliam, rum Bc moliis ingenii exofcularentur eum. 

amitam fuam defunftam eximic laudavit in Juftis uxori folutis^quaeftor inHifpaniam pro- 

foro, atque in funere aufus eft prxferre Ma- feftus eft cum uno praetore Vsetere, quem 8c 

rii imagines, qu^ tum primum poft Syll^ ipfum femper obfervavit, &: filium ejus fecit 

dominatum funt confpefts, quum eftet ho- viciflim, quum in provinciam proficifceretur 

ftis ille judicatus. Nam quum quidam idcir- prstor,qua;ftorem. Eo munere defunftus ter- 

co obftreperent Caefari, populus clamorem tiam uxorem duxit Pompeiam, quum haberet 

ex adverfo reddidit, & magno plaufu eum ex Cornelia filiam, quam poft Pompeio Mag- 

excepit probavitque, quod quafi ab inferis no defpondit. Quod autem profufus fumptibus 

tanto intervallo honores Marii reduceret in eflet, temporariaque 6c brevi videretur gloria 

urbem. In honorem quidem magnarum natu immenfas impenfas commutare, quum revera 

4 maxima 



K A I S A P. 105 

li TeAciM^m '^i^ x^i(id(p^7\iTYig TciAoivlotiV. Itth q TbiVo [Bpi oJ^a 1? 'Att- 
7r<W >szraJ*eip^O«V cBifjLiMTYig , 7roifA.7ro7\Kct ;^^«^fltTct np^(rciVcLKod(riv t^ 

lo-e/T»' TBTO 5\ oiyO^VO^f^j l^t^yy} /bLOVOfjLCtXC^V TeACLy.OTiCt K^ HX,0(Tt TrcL^i' 

tyih Y^ Toug Ahhcug oskA TOL B-ioLT^ K^ 7rofj.7roig ii^ <^«7ri/ct ^^^o^ny/oM? kcu 
TtohvTih^oug Toig 7r^ ooutS KarUAvG-i (piKoTifjLioLg, ^rta MS-nns tov an- 
fjLov, dg mivoig fjSp ol^x^^> ^^^^^ d Tif>Loig l^jTeiv iKct^ov , cug df^ei- 
-^ouvlo. 

AvHV ii(r£v cv tm ;to'a« 5"aVg&)i/, r' fj8{j '^ ^vKhOL-» fJLiyoL S^vuudfJLi- 

VWy "^ 0) Mae/CtVngy « T(iTS aOLTlTvlnX^ "^ hiOJJOLTOi >COfjuS\) T0L7reiVcl 7r^T- 

Tii(rcii tcwtIw oLVcf,j)j)£(rcu k^ 7r^(rayayi<^ (^iiXofAp^^, cv Tcug dyo^- 
vofJL\,v,ouLg (piKoTif^lcug oiKfjLluu kx^^^cug d)iovag k^roiYKraTo Motg/a x.§v(pa, y^ 
vUag T^7rcuo(po^iig, dg (pi^odv vv^ilog dg to Ka7riTO)?\iov dvi?Y](TiV. dfia i) 
ifjLi^ci, T^g ^ia^TotiB^ag f/,a^fj.cu^v]a 7idv\a x^^^i^* ^ t^X^^ mTiG-K^a^r- 
(mS^uct (Z^-flcidg {S^iiS^Kii q y^fxfjia^ri Td Kifj.^e^m KaToe^^(J>fj.aTa) ^dfx- 
^(^ g^gv ^ Tol\fLY\g T» dva^iv]©^. ii y:> hutj dS^nhov' Taxy f^^^c^v Ao- 
y(^ n^e^^li 7rdv]ag dvS-^ooT^ng Tr^g tJjuu o-^iv. dh7\ oi ju^j g^owi/ tv^.v- 
vii^a 7ro?\iTSji^ Kcu^ra^, vofj.oig v^ Soyfxaai mTo^c^e^yfMpag iTravi^dvJa 
Tifidg, iij tQto 7rei^v cBn tov i\\yLov eivcu 7rejfJ.a7\aT\o\Mpov, eiTS TiB-a(r- 

C^i) TOUg (pi7\0TifJ.iDUg V7i DUJtQ, K^ (^ii^OdG-l 7rai^CiV TOiOUJTa >i, MVOTOfJ.CiV' 

oi j) Maeji^avol a^B-ajsj^uiJ avJeg ouuT^g, 7rA«5« ts ^ouufj.a<^o] odoi S^n^pd- 

VY]crav 

maxima exiguo redimeret pretio, dicicur adfcifceret fibi , glifcentibus muneribus fuis 

priufquam effet uUum magiftratum adeptus, ledilitiis clara Marii imagines dc viftorias tri- 

ad mille trecenta talenta habuilTe aeris alieni. umphales fecit, quas nofte portatas pofuic 

Poftquam vero viae Appiae curator defignatus in Capitolio. Prima luce omnia auro fplen- 

plurimum de fuo in id muneris impendit, Sc dentia, 8c mira arte fabrefafta fpeftantes (nam 

in sedilitate gladiatorum paria viginti & tre- titulum habebant Cimbricarum viftoriarum) 

centa dedit, fumptibufque aliis & profufioni- pavor inceflit omnes audaciae ejus qui pofue- 

bus in ludos, pompas, epulas, omnium prio- rat, neque erat id obfcurum : ac brevi delatus 

rum fuperavit munificentiam, ufque adeo rumor omnes homines ad fpeftaculum conci- 

movit populum, ut novos magiftratus, novos vit. At aUi clamavere regnum Cxfarem mo- 

honores quifque quiereret, quibus illum re- liri, fepultos legibus 6c fcnatufconfultis hono- 

muneraret. res refodiendo, tentarique ea re populum, 

Duae faftiones quum eflent in civitate, una quem ante demulferat, an muneribus ipfius 

Syllana, qux multum poUebat, Mariana al- praebeat femancipandum,eaqueludibria&no- 

tera, quae tunc admodum jacebat fummifla vationes admittat. Ex altera parte Mariani fe 

oppreflaque & kcerata, hanc quo erigeret Sc ipfi confirmantes extiterunt repenie innumera 

VoL. IV. O mul- 



io5 K A I S A P. 

Vija-civ cJi,cd(pmy J^ K^T(t) mTeiXf^v to KaTrfrwAtop. 7ro7<Kol^ 3 ^ htKevoL 
tIuj Mcteia ^iod^joig o-^iv v(p' «c^oi/«V g;^«^«' Jt, fJLiyoig !w 6 Kcu^rct^ kf- 
Kc^juioig ou^^^j cog dvn 7rctvJct)v a.^i(^ m o clvy]^ -^ Mctgis crv^^acig. 
(rwucix^d(TYig 3 c^ TiiTCiiv -^ /^aAJiVj KctrA©^ AarctT<(^, av«^ ^hmfx^ 
TOTi pLcL7\i<^a. ''PctifjLcdodV, clvcL^^dg j^ ;tctT»iyo^nVct? KcMcrct^(^, \m(p^iry^aT(y 
To iuLVy]f/.ovdjo[jSpov , iiK m y:> ^saizvofjLoig, g(|)«, Kou(rct^, ctAA' «<^n ^»- 
;:^cti/cM? oMf « t/m) lioKw^cjLV. eTTci 3 >cwAo7»a'ct(!Jo|^©-' tt^? toujtol Kou^tol^ 
i7rei(ri tIw o-J/JtAwToi', gVf fjLS.KKov ol B-cwfjLcL^pvlig clutov gTrw^^-^ucti/, jtcw' 
7ra^i)i€7\ivov}o fjLnhv] tS (p^vnfiaT^B^ v<pi€^' Trcivlcdv y:) iKOvli t^ J^^^w tts- 

e/iT^^ ^9 7t^(t)TiV(TeiV. 

'Ej/ ij T«T&) ;^ MgTsAAa t» ct^;n;^;€^s4)? Ti7\<^T^(rctv}(^, j^ tIw k^6d(rtwr]V 
ts^fictxnTov ^(TOLV 'l(TcujeAK.Q K^ KoltXh fXiTKivloov, cBi(pctVi9otT(idv dvS^^m 
^ fA,iyi9ov hv (^ii7.n <^ujuctfApm, ^x ^'^^?^^ oujTolg KoMcrotf, ctAAct ytct- 
TCJL^dg ag Tov SvifJLov dvlyirct^n^yzhXiV. oti^6)^otA» q t' coo^^ng (pcuvofAprigi 
KctTAC^ )kto fiel^ov@^ d^^ictg fJLd7J\ov oppcdJ^Sv tyIv dh\XoTmcLi Ti^trk- 
'KifjA/iv 7r«d&)j/ )>c755-Jii/cM Tov Kou(Tctp^ "^ (pi7\oTifitoLg^ cMi 7ro7J\ol;g x^^M-^^^ 
(Tiv. >^ 7rA«&) z^(T(^cLVH(Topp<^ ipn ^ictyodvm^. '^ ^' YifJLi^g bng-d- 
(TYig, ^ "^ fJ^YjT^g qJ^ Tdg ^v^g cujtov ax d^S^ctK^vTi 7r^7r€fjL7rii(Tyig, dau^ct- 
(Td[jSf(^ avTYiv, <a fJLYiTi^, HTrev, TYjfJLi^v w d^x^i^sct Tov ifoV, n pvyd' 
^OL oXj/fi. (^Lsvsx^eiG^ijg "^ '^nOHj ^ ^of^Yig dfJLi7\7.ng cjn^Tn(rs, k^ TroL^' 

mukitudine, Capitoliumque pkurucompleve- mo defun(5to, Ifaurico autem & Catulo pe- 

funt. Multi etiam imagines Maiii fpeftantes tentibus facerdotium ejus, clariflimis virisau- 

lacrymas gaudio effudere, laudibufque Caefa- toritatifque in fenatu fummas, non conceflit 

rem in coelum tulerunt, dixeruntque unum Cfcfar, fed ad comitia competitorem fe illo- 

eum Marii affinkate dignum. Hanc ob cau- rum profeflus defceodit. In ancipiti populi 

fam coa£to fenatu, Lutatius Catulus, vir illius ftudio Catulus ex majore dignitate magis 

temporis inter Romanos clariflimus, exfur- eventum comitiorum formidans,mifit ad Cje- 

gens accufavit C^efarem, adjecitque hoc dic- Cwem certos, qui eum magna ofl:enfa merce- 

tum, quod adhuc in ore eIl,Non enim ultra, de a pctitione deducerent. Enimvero ille 

inquit, cuniculis Csefar, verum machinis jam etiam fi fit fumenda major pecunite fumma 

petit rempub. At C^far quum defenfione faa ad hoc certamen refpondit fe defcenfu- 

fenatui fatisfeciflet, multo magis elati funt illi rum. Die inftante matrem eum ad oftium 

qui eum fufpiciebant, adhortatique funt ne haud fine lacrymis profequentem ofculatus, 

eui fummitteret fpiritus. Omnia cnim volente Hodie mater, inquir, aut pontificem maxi- 

eum populo aflequuturum, atque principatum mum filium aut cxulem videbis. Suffragiis la- 

in civitate obtenturum. tis, quum comitia magno certaminc a£ta ef- 

Eadem tempeftate Metello pontificc maKi- fent, fuperior fuit, fenatuiquc 6c optimatibus 

ter- 



^ 



K A I S A P. 107 

i^HfjLov. okv ol (^ Uda-mGL k^ KoltKov m^v^o Yim^mcLy (pei(TcifApov Kou- 
(rae(^ ov Tolig 'sfet KctriAjWi/ T^a^lw cs^^oQ(^. 6 y) cT») Ka.TihivoLg a 
uovov tIw TToT^iTdoLV fjLi.Tci^ciM^V) cthh o7\huu cLUKiiv tIw inyef^ovictn Kcd 

7[civ\ci Toi TT^yfJLGLTtf. (TvfxiCU (^lOLVOYiS-eig, CWTOg l^ cJ^iTTia-iV (UStL7T\od(TaLg 

iAoLTlo(nv gAg/^oi^, TT^ T« Toig l^oLTOLg cwT^ ^'d7\oig '^Kcihv<p^lwca' 
Asi^Aoi» »9 Ki^Yiyov cv rw ttoA^ S^kcti^ox^^ oLTriAiTnv -^ (rwudHfjLo^rioLg, oig ei 
tj^ K^v(poL TTOL^ux^v Ti B-oi^(Tiig v^ S^iwoifJLiodg Kcwo-ctf , ai^Yihog W^' ov i) 
r« (iaM xS }i^T(^ cJi^iMlx^ivlodv, Kj Kik^cov^^ t5 vttclt^ yvodiJLOLg g^&j- 
mi/r(^ (^ KohoL(Ti(idg 'UoLg-oVj oi ju^u ctAAot fJLiX6J(' Kou(tol^<^ B-clvoltQv 
c4iihd)ov' Kdia-oL^ dvoLg-oig 7\oyov iinhS-iv 7n<p^v\i(TiB^ov, &)V "iKTOKlii^ 

yoU (^ OLKeJLTHg OLV(^^g CL^idfjLOLTl y^ ^C-t 7\CLfJL%^^g a ioKii itcLTe^ov ^^i 

^iKouov ^vcu, fJLY\ fJL^ "^ l^oLT^g dvcLlkng. ei 3 (p^'6^oiv\o hB-ivj&g iv 7ro7\i(Tt 

f 'lTOL7\ioLg, (Xg Oiv OUUTOg gAW^ KtKi^OiV, f^^X^ ^ KOLTOLltOhifXn^ KcJLTlhir- 

voLg,, V9i^v cv deJjJUY} kcu xctO' n^rvxtoLV rafei hoi^g-a Tn ^a?vii yvcdvoLt 
OvTOi "^ yvcdfjLYig (ptActv9|6)Va (poLvei(TY\gi Kj r« Ao'ya (^ujuuTc^g Itt' 

CWTYJ DYi^ivl^-, « fJL^VOV ol [A^ tStOV dvi<^CLp{JOl 7r^O(TiTiS-iv\o, TTOAAo) Q i^ 

TC^v 71^3 oujtQ Tug et^yjfjS^oLg yvc^fjLag d^ret^rd^oi, Tr^jg tLu) cMeivn fHTi^ 

^YKTOLV 'wg cBl KdTOdVCL TO 7r^yfJLCL Ky KctrAoi/ (Z^iiA^iV. TiiTCdV Q ViCLVt-r 

mg hcLv\mB-i,v\(AV, Kotrwj/©^ j) ;^ r/w) xzdvotOLV dfJLOL t1 Xoycd (TUViTri^c-i' 

(rcLv\(^ 

terrorem injecit, prove£burum eum populum far furgens habuit orationem accurate medi- 

ad omnem audaciam. Unde accufabanc Pifo tatam, retulitque viros dignitate Sc genere il- 

& Catulus Ciceronem, quod Csefari in con- luftres indifta cauGi necare non videri fibi 

•juratione Catilinse opportunam fe opprimen- nec ufitatum nec legitimum , nifi in ulti- 

di anfam prsbenti pepercifTet. Nam Catili- ma neceflitate. Qiiod fi vin6bi in munici- 

na, qui non modo rempub. mutare, verum piis per Italiam, quie ipfe eligeret Cicero, 

jetiamtotum evertere imperium, omniaquede- quoad debellatum foret cum Catilina, curto- 

liberaverat commifcere, exiguis.preflus indi- direntur, poft quiete in otio fcnatum de uno- 

ciis, urbe prius exceffit quam totum confili- quoquc facultatem habiturum flatuendi. 

um fuum detegeretur. Lentulum autem & Ita ejus fententi^, quse lenis ell vifi, & 

•Cethegum fucceflbres reliquit in urbe conju- quam facunda oratione munierat , non illi 

rationis, quibus an quid clam fiducis & vi- modo qui fecundum eum fententiam dixe- 

rium prjebuerit Caefar, in obfcuro eft. His runt,funt affenfi, fed 8c qui dixerant priores, 

in fenatu manifefte convi6tis, & confule de fuis retraftatis in illius tranfiere fententiam, 

poenaeorumoranesordines fententiamrogante donec ad Catonem S^ Cutulum ventum eft. 

Cicerone, alii ufque ad Ciefarem capitalefup- His acriter repugnantibus, Catone vero etiam 

.plicium de iis fumendum cenfuerunt. At Cae- oratione fua detorquente in eumfufpicionem, 

O i ac 



ic8 K A I S A P. 

<rciv]<^ cwT^j K, (riwi^avci<rcLv](^ Ijijxcf^iJCtigj ol ju^/) civ^^ig )hi^B-ctVii(^Qi 

7^Cl^i^0^n(TCtVj KcUG-aeA '^ ^«'^«f cJ^iOvJl TTOAAoj '^ Kia^OdVCl (p^'d^'dv](tlV 

TOTi viodv yvjULVci Toi ^i<py) (rtW(^^fA.omg i-Ki^ov. dKKoL Y^^^ciiv tot€ aI- 

yf) TM TYi^ivVCd ine^^CLKC^V VTTi^CiyctyeiV' CWTOg Ti Kt>igf&)V, 6)V o\ ViCLvL 

(TKoi TT^ocre^Ag^I/ai/, civavSbo-cu, (po^Y]3-eig tov <^YifJt.ov, h tov (povov oAw? a.Smv 
}^ (^^voiJLov Yiyiip^^.TQTo ju^' ^v iix, oHS^a oTTOdg Km^odv, eiTri^ h cLm- 
B\ci ci' tJ fdk). T' vTraTeictg ^x, ^y^A/iv' cuTiav q eix^v v9if)0Vj odg atJ^<^a 
tJ xa<^« TOTi (Z^^ovJi kS' tQ ¥icucra^(^ ^>i ;^^)ia-otiU^©-', aAA' >c70c^«- 
7\ict(rag tov i\ifJL0Vi vm^^pvodg fs^ex^^^ov t^ Kouaa^^^. og yi k^juht 
ohiyag YifJ.e^g «V tIw jSaAiiv d(Tihhov\(^ avTS, k^ ^afec ^v h 'fjzon'^loug 
Yiv )kTCi7\oyiif^iii J^ (^7ri7f]ov](^ 3-oPv^oig Trovn^olg, meti^n TrXeiOdV tQ (Tvv- 
YiS-ag lyiyviTO Tn |2>«Am >taB-i(^of^n X^^^-> STrnA^-gi/ juj yi^ouuyYigy k^ 7rg- 
e/tsVn TY\V (TvlkMToVy a-nou'^ tov avS^e^a, v^ KsMvodV oi(peivou. (^io ;^ Kct- 
TOdv (po^YiS-elg fjLCLKi^^a tov cm t^ )kto^^v vmTie^^^imov, ot tS 7rav]og vTreK- 
KowfJLa 7rA«da? YKrav, h iw Kou^raeJt' Toig kAiriiag iX'^^^''-^ '^'^^'^^ tyiv (rvf- 
kMtov ^xmveifjLcu (TiTY\^i(riov avTolg ijULfjLlwov, cJE, a (iavrclvyig jwS/) 7tiv]a>io(Ti- 
cu 7riv]moii]a fxvttcthg bmaijdioi 7r^o(Tiyivov]o Tolg a7<hoig ctva7\oofjLacriv. tqv 
fjSpTot' fj.iyav bo t4 7fa^ov]i (po^^ov t(T^i(TiV (s^(pavSig to TroT^iTdjfjLa tSto, 
j^ To 7i:7\{iqov djripjin^iv t' Kcu(ra^^ S^iwctfJLiOig -^ imiti^S^a^iy b^ Kou^a, 
^^TYiyeiv fjLi7\Xov](^, ^ (po^^i^oiT^a hd tyiv ci^x^^ ov\^. 

Ov fjLhuu ctJTi^cYi t) Tot^%&)c^gf ctV o-Jm, otAAct H^ Tvx^ Tig ct^i^oee/? 

• 

ac valide cum eo pugnante, conjurati fue- fis ckmoribus excepto, dum folito tardius 

runt rei capitalis damnati. Csefari curia ex- dimittitur fenatus, tumultuofe accurrit, cu- 

eunti multi ex juventute, qui tunc Cicero- riamque cinxit, Casfarem repetens, jubenf- 

nem ftipabant, concurfu fa^bo intentabant que eum dimitti. Quocirca veritus Cato nc 

ftriftos gladios. Verum Curio ibi dicitur egena plebs, quas univerf^ multitudinis erat 

toga fua eum texilTe 8c eripuifle: atque ipfe fax, ac fpem omnem reponebat in Csefarc, 

Cicero intuentibus eum juvenibus cjedem vel res novas moliretur, fuit autor patribus ut di- 

populi metu, vel quod prorfus iniquam £cvi- videret plebi frumentummenftruum.Undecae- 

olentam arbitraretur, abnuifie. Hoc ego Ci- teris oneribus acceffit per fingulos annos fump- 

ceronem miror, fi verum eft,in libro de con- tus vicies 6c ducenties. Magnum tamen terro- 

fulatu fuo prasterine. Poft fane culpatus eft rem haud dubie reftinxit in pra:fenti ha?c a£lio, 

quod occalione in pra:fens contra C^farem plurimumque C^efari potentias detraxit&dif- 

non fuiffet ufus, metu deterritus ample£i;en- fipavit in tempore, qui tum erat prtetor defig- 

tis Ciefarem mirifice populi: quiquidempoft natus, ac magis ob eum magiftratum timendus. 

aliquanto fenatum eo ingreffb, ac dum fufpi- Atqui nihil in eo a£bum eft tumultuofe, 

ciones, quibus erat adfperfus, purgat, adver- verura occupavit fortuna quasdam finiftra 

Cae- 



K A I S A P. 109 

T^ Kou(rueA (rujjlwix^y) (^ roi/ olm. DoTrAt©^ KA&)J^i(^ Iw olvyi^ •^'« 
l^ ^jTrcLTeJi^y]?-, Kj 7rA'dT« j^ AoV&^ Aa^ttTr^V, y^^^ o »9 3-^a-uTHTt t^ 
cJm ^hhveJ-oL ci^^QY)roiiV ^hvog <^<^Ti^(^. ar©^ ri^ HofJLmicLg ■x' Kcw- 
(ra,p(^ ytwouKog, ^^ aijTYig (i)Oi(Tng. cihTKd <pv7\(XxaA n -^ ytuJouKmiuJ'<^ 
d^eA^oiig Y](rciv, « n /t^nVn^ tS KoMVa^(^, AtJ^siAta, yto»;! (rcti(p^cdv, cs^i- 
Trao-ot t/m) yvfJL(phuu clh, ;^ctAg7r/M; )^ (^^KiKLvJ^twSjfj^lw cwTolg iTroin 
tIw ivldj^iv. t^iv i) '?ciifjLcuoig Qeog Iw 'KycL^lw ovofjLci^^aiv, utau^ "EA- 
7\huutg FujucuKeiaV' k^ ^^vyeg fjdp ohei^ppoh Mi(^oL fiYiri^ tS (^cL(ri7\iug 

•^gcS^ <p(X.G-\v, 'VoifJLOUOk VVfJL<pY)V A^VoiS^aL, ^dVVOd (rUJUOlKY\<TCIL(TQLV, "^7\7\Y\- 
ng Q "^ AtOVVCTii /LLYiTi^OdV TYjV djijinTOV. O^SV dfJLTlihivOig T£ T(ig (TKYlVoig K7\n- 
fJLOL(nV \o^Tcilji(rcU KOLT^i(pii(TlV, Jt, (^^Km kejg C^^KOL^-ii^l^V^ TM ©g&T 

xy Tov fjLv^ov. aiv^^ Q 7re^!Ti7\^eiv a Osjttt?, ii^' cBi t' ohioLg •^gcS^, t^ 
ig^wi' o^yioL^pfjSiJUiv- avTcu q ;iad' eflw^Tot?' ai }^i;i/cM>cg? TroAAct toI^' '0^(pi- 
Kolg ofJLo7\oyQvloL cT^av Asyoi''^ ^Ztfei riii/ k^a^yioLV. otolv »i/ T«f eoi^Tj?^ 
xa3-«KH %^'v(^ iJTrctT^l^ovl^^ « <F^Tny^v\(^ dvJ^^og, avTog ^j^ cJ^ig-oTjy 
j^ TToti' To ctppeV « Q yyyji Tnv ohioLV (z^7\ol<^S(tcl o'iaKo(Tfj.ei, y^ rd fxiyi- 
<^a vvkIco^ Ti7\iiTcu, Ticu^idg dvafJLifJLiyi^ng Tcug Tramxi^h i^ fia^TiKng 
dfJLa 7to7\7\ng 7ra§ii(Tng. 

TavTnv roTe Tnv ioeTnv i^ TlofiTrYiiag c^TgAaVn^, KAwJ^i^^ »7r&) y^veiav, 
li^ hd tQto 7\n(Teiv o\of^(^, l^nra j^ (tk<^y\v "^aTKreAag dva7\aCodv 1%^^^^ 
vicL yvvouKi rnv o^^-iv loiKOog. y^ Toug B-v^cug cBitvxoov dvic^y^j^aig, ei(Tnx^^ 



Csfaris domurn. P. Clodius fuit nobili ge- ac facer draco ex fabula ad pedes Deas jacet. 

nere ortus, divitiis 8c facundia prrecellens, fed Eo virum fas non elt accedere, nequedumfix- 

infolentia & audacia nuUi improbiffimorum cra aguntur, in domo, ubi aguntur, efle. So- 

fecundus. Hic uxorem Csfaris Pompeiam a- lae foemina: muka Orphicis germana mcmo- 

mabat neque eam invitam. Verum gynjcce- rantur in folenni peragere. Ubi feltus diesin- 

um acri fepiebatur cuftodia, ejufque mater ftat, celebratur in tedibus confulis vel pr^to- 

Aurelia, foemina honefta, perpetuo lateri ad- ris, ipfe autem domo & omne quod mafcu- 

hserens Pompeiit, arduum & periculofum eis lum cedit. Uxor foladomum parat, peragi- 

congreffiim cfficiebat. Eft apud Romanos turque fere nofte per lufum pervigilio com- 

Dca, quam Bonam dicunt, ficut Grxci Mu- miftum inter magnum concentum. 

liebrem. Hanc Phryges fibi aiTercntes pecu- Hunc feftum diem id temporis agicante 

liarem, Midse regis autumant matrem effe, Pompeia, Clodius imberbis etiamnum, ideo- 

Romani nympham Dryada, Fauno nuptam, que fallere fe exiftimans poffe cseteras, ve- 

Gr^Eci Liberi patris eam matrem, quam nc- ftitu & cultu fumpto pfaltria:, acceffit eo, 

fandum cft nominare.Unde pampinis tento- juvenculam facie referens. Qiium fores of- 

ria feftum diem agitantes mulieres coategunt, fendiffet patefaftas, ab ancilla confcia eft ci- 

tra 



iio K A I S A P. 

ttV 7^ Ylo(JL%mcL 0^(rmv i Kj '^ofM^y]? c^ictre^G?, c^fjS{jav (j8{j otth 
KctTiXei(p^Yi 72(1' KAwcT/ii) /ttn Kst^Te^Qvlt , 7r?\cLV&)i^u> ^' cv olx/ot pLe- 
•ycihn, it; ca^(pSjyov\i m ^mcL, 7f^G-7r&(T^(roL -^ Av^iryhictg oLHQAaS-^^, 
6)V yvvY) ywouKcJL Tfou^etv TT^^mXaTo' )^ ftv) ^ahof^ovj «V ro /t<tgVoi/ 

«A;CgI/, P^ T(V WiV ilj TTO^iV hTfVV^civSTO. T^ KT^OdSlH (pYKTOLvK^ "A^^V TTi- 

ejLfjS^jetv UoiuLjryiiag, olvto tSto KoL?\.^f^Y)V, k, tm (pmn 'j^of^b: aoLTOLCpoL- 
vQ?y n f^ d)ioAii^(^ dj^vg cLiriTvnS^n^Tiv K^ouuyn Ti^g tcI (po^TOL ;^ tov 
cypKov, cLvS^ •mCpobP^Y.iviu |3o&)(7fli. T^ 3 yvvcKiyLm SicLmoYi^mm, « Av- 
eYihiOL TdL jULiV o^yioL r' QeQ KOLTiirouu^TiV jc, (Tvviy.cL7\v'\>iv, oLVTvi Q Toig S-v- 
^g }hniKM](Tcu KsKd/G^OL^roL, cs^nei Tnv oIkiolv \kcro hctfjLTroLi^CdV, ^yitSo-ol 
Tov KA&cl^ioy. gvg/VxsTou <^' eU oiKY)fjLoL TToLiS^i^rmc, M (Tvvei^ynh^iV, KOLTOLiri- 
CSjyodg' j^ •^uojU^^u©^ CpoLVi^g 'csjc rU^ yyj'cM?c4)i' cJ^ihavvf) hoi t^' 5y- 
^&j/. To Tf^ypLcL Kcu vvKlog iv^vg al yvva^K^g dvnQG^ou Tolg av^P^S iipe,a- 
Zpv dvS^(T{,v' v^ pah' Yiiai^J Ix^?^^ ^^^ ^ TroMdsg 6 Koy(^, &)V d^i(T- 
fjLoig (^Kix^^^x-^T(^ tS KA6)J^/y, )t, SUlw ^' Tolg v^e^^^oig fjLovov dh- 
Aa ^ rij 7to7\ei y^ Tolg Qeolg o<pei?\ov}(^. ky^-^aTo f^ ai/ toi' KhcoJ^iov 
^g T^ <^Y]ju,d^x^^ ddi^iiag, k^ (rvuui?Y\(Tav 'stt' ouutov oi S^LwaTooTaToi t^ 
>c773 T' jS«A«?, dhhag Te hivdg d^Tihydag KaTaiaa^Tv^Qvkg, j^ fjLoix^oLV 
dSiK(pY\gi « A<^xaAA(M (TiwcaKYiKet. ir^g q Tag T^TCtiV cm^n^dg o S^yif^ dv- 
TiTd^ag kajuToVj njULtwe i^ KAwcfiw, k^ yLiya TT^g t«^ S^iKW^dg acpgA(^ 

m impedimentum introduftus. Dum autem ancillje tabernaculum illius cum qua congref- 

illa propcrat ut id Pompeis nunticc, mora in- fus fuerat, atque ibi depreiienditur. Cogni- 

terveniente, operiri ubi reli(St:us erat non fu- tus a raulieribus exigitur foras. Hoc faitum 

ftinenti Clodio, laxifque in sedibus erranti lu- mulieres confeftim de no^le domum digref- 

menque declinanti occurrit pedifTcqua Aure- fe viris fuis nuntiaverunt, ac rumor poftri- 

lix, atque ut foemina foeminam provocat ad die civitatem pervalit, rem a Clodio tenta- 

lufuin. Deticftantem in medium rapit, qu£e tam nefariam, pcenafque non l^eforum tan- 

fit & unde percunftatur. Quum refpondiflet tum, verum reipub. etiam £c Deorum nomi- 

Clodius Abram exfpeftare fe Pompeiie ancil- ne exigendas. Itaque poftulavit profanato- 

lam (nam id nominis ei erat) voce eft detec- rum facrorum Clodium unus ex tribunis, co- 

tus. Ibi repente pedifTcqua profiliit cum ieruntque in eum principes fenatus, qui te- 

clamore ad lumen & coetum, virum vocife- ftimonia in eum dixerunt, cum de improbita- 

rans fe deprehendifle. Obftupefaftis mulie- tibus atrocibus aliis, tum de ftupro cum fo- 

ribus facra Deje Aurelia inhibet & obvelat. rorc fua, quce in LuculU matrimonio erar, 

Mox jufTo obferari fores, ad faces domum admiflb. Quorum ftudiis obnixus populus 

luftrat, Clodium quserens. Refugerat ille in defendit Clodium, magnoque prxfidio fuit 

ei 



K A I S A P. iir 

ytl«7(^, H«T»VO^(^ >l'^&)V«a-g, TT^t; ^V CtTTiTrifJL-^Od tIw ytLVOUKCl-y "OTly 

8£p!»f, rlut} ifjJjui) Yi^iiiV (JLYi^\ \:mm^lwcu. tcujtcl ol fj^ iVaj (p^vQvJcL tqv 

KoucrcjL^ hiyac-iv ciTrm oi 0' "^ ^•^'/"•^ x^^ZpA^^^ c^^iuLYjjULivct) crc^^aV' 

' TQV YiKd^iQV. )><7n(pdjyei S^' ^v to ifKAY}fjLcL, i^ 7rA«V&):/ (^ix.d^c^v (TvfA.r)(v~ 

fjLivcLg ToHg 7F^yfjL0L<Ti Toig yvcidfjLcL? 'i^S^i^QvJodv-, oTTCi)'; fJLYiTi ccs^^^mowuSj- 

C^miV QJ^ Tolg TroKAol? mTOL^^YlCpKrOLf^Oh fJLYiTi oiwohVG-CLvleg OL(^0^Y!(J-CdS-i 

{t^ Tolg oieA^^oig. 

'O KoutTOL^ iv^vg ^cro -^ <T^^TY}yioLg t^ h7rci^x^£v Tnv 'l^Yie^oLV Xol- 
(bmyC»g Yiv hcrS^id^iTQV ouut^toc^ ti^V c^otf^^otV, c^op^Aafe o^toj/lot, ;dot- 
TCJL^o&vlaLg-) Sm K^ojov KOLTi(pvyi, ttXhtmtoltqv ovJol 'Voof^oum, hofjSfov 
'j '^' Kcu(rcL^(^ d^fJLYig ri^ ^i^fioTYiT^^ c)7n t«v tt^V IlofJL%mv dv\moXnci~ 
av. dvoL^^i^oLfj^a o Ta K^Va TaV fjLdhifOL ;:^aAs7raV )t, dnct^aiTYWdg ^S 
J^6tv«f&)V, )t, J^g/yynVot^]©^ oKioLaQ^rm )^ TeAdKovJa TCJLXdvlodVy iiTOdg o/|>)A- 
3-gi/ A' Tiiv gTrotf^^^/otv. Asys^ 0' TotV "AA7r«? JTrs^^otAoV]©^ c«-t;V», j^ tto- 

^^['^(^VIOV Tl ^a^^OLejLKOV Q\}iH\^OV 'UZOT dv^^CdTTOdV ■KCLvldTrcKTlV 6?Jy6dV K^ AU- 

TT^cdV Trct^g^^^^o^efa? T«V iTcu^ag, dfxoc yixonTi v^ juj 7roLi<^idg, «7ra, c^ot- 
mt, xdvJoujB-a Tivig ciTtv v7c\o d^x^^ (piKoTifXiai, k^ rzjfei ^r^cdTCiCdv dfJctX- 
Aot*, J^ (l^doi/ot '^ ci^ui/ai^ TTtf^V dKMhag ; tov ^ Kuicra^ c^aS^d^ravJot 

TT^og 

ci apud jadices attonitos populique pavefccn- tus Hifpaniam, quum res ei difficili in loca 

tes. C^far protinus repudiavit Pompeiam, cum credicoribus eflet importunis profe£turo 

fed teftis in reum citatus, nihil dixit eorum probrifque inceflentibus, ad Craffiim confu- 

quae Clodio objiciebantur compertum fibi ef- git ditiffimum civitatis, qui, quo refifterec 

k. Quod quum videretur mirum, quaefivit Pompeii aftionibus, Csefaris quaerebat vigo- 

accufator quamobrem ergo uxori nuntium rem & ardorem fibi adjungere. Atque ubi 

remififlet, refpondit, Uxorem meam volo & hic crcditores in fe recepiflet moleftiffimos 

fufpicione carere.HxcCaefaremaiuntaliquiex &: duriffimos, & oftingenta triginta talenra 

animi fententia dixifie, alii in popuH gratiam pro eo interceffifiet, tum eft in provinciam 

cripere enitentis Clodium. ItaqLie abfolvitur profeftas. Fama eft in tranlgreflu Alpium, 

a crimine, quod plerique judiccs fententiam prjetereuntes amicos ejus oppidum barbaro- 

confufis tabuhs tuUfl^enr^ne in difcrimen vo- rum, quod homines admodiim pauci tenuef- 

carentur ad popukim, fi eum damnaflent, neu que colebanr, per rifum 6c jocum dixifle, 

fi hberaflcnt cum, infames forent apud opti- Num qu£B hic quoque de honoribus ambitio- 

matcs. nes & de primatu ccrtamina mututeque fafti- 

Cxfar ftatim ex prsettira provinciara forti- oforum invidiae forent ? Ibi ferio Csefarem ad 

eos 



112 K A I S A P. 

TT^V cwTbg eiTfiiVj syu jw^jjJ sCaAdjULlw c^^ THToig eivou fJLoi7<ho\) 7r^m(^, 
v) as^ 'VodjULcuoig c^<^Vg^(^. df^oMg q TTctMv h '\^Y\ticL <^o7^q ^(rv)g) dvai- 
yma-KQvJoi n -j^ (^ 'AM^Mpa yiy^fjLf^&iVj <r(pd}'^ ^i^ n^g 
icwT^ 7ro7\iw x^^°^^ ^^*^ i (^ctK^va-cu' -t^ q (piAodV B-caijbLOLG-oivl&iv Ttiv 
cuTiciv, eiTfeiV, » (^om v/llIv u^iov eivoLi Xvmgi « T«A<;dST©^ |uSJu wi/ 'AAs^- 

Ctl^^f©-') «<^« TOT^TOdV \^CL(Ti7\SjiV 3 ifJLOl Q 7\CLfX7T^V iiJ^V ^nOd TTg^T^^t^. 

Tw? yaf '{'^YieAoLg Sh^aLg, <^Qvg riv cvi^ydg, Od^' rif^i^ig d7\.iycug j^- 
KOL cnrei^ag (Tvvayayeiv Tf^g Toug Tt^dTi^v ■^(roLig eiKO(Ti' k^ 9^Tdj-(rag cBi 
KoL7\hoLh^g K) Aii(riTOLvQg, K^oLTri^rcu, Kj TT^sAOeti/ olx^ "^ '^^^ ^oLXoLorng, 

Toi fJLYI 7r^dT€^0V VTTOLKiiOvloL 'PoOfJLOliOig i^VYI K0LT0L9§e(pdlMp(^. S-if^(^ Q 

Toi tQ 'Ko7\ifJi.>i KcL7\S)g, »' X^t$^ iC^^^e Toi -^ d^nvYig, df^dvoioiv rg Tcug 
TToAgc-t KuB-i^g-oig, 59 fj,oi7\ig-ci Tcig '^ ;:^^g&)(p«AgT^ k^ (S^oLvetg-d^v UfjSp^^ 
^icL(po^g. STOL^i ^ 'P^ 7rp^(Tidv\odV Toig d(peiAii(Ti, kolQ' iKOL<g-ov ovictuTdv ^vo 
[Bp fXi^Yi Tov (^OLvetg-yiv dvoLi^ei^, tw q 7\0k7rcd XP^^ '^^^ hcmdThuu, dx^ 
oiv iiTCidg cjii7\vB-n to (^oiveiov. cBi TiiTOig dJS^oKi^j^, aL7VYi7<KcLyY\ -f i7toL^~ 
X}cJ.g^ cwTdg Ti 7r7\ii(TL(^ yiyovci^g, k^ t«V ^^TK^TOLg 6o(pi7\YiK0og Xtto ^ 

S-^TYiyi^V, Kj 7r^(TYiyO^<^f^(^ OUUTOK^TC^^ VTt' OUJ'^^. 

■ 'Ett^ TbV jwV i"-i^^it^svy$" Be^afJ-^ov i^oi S^LcLTei^eiv it^et, T^g 3 fjLindv- 
TCLg v7tdTeiOLV, %OL^d'v\oLg qjs t« /ToA« tQto 7r^TJeiv, cv ToioujTn yiyovodg 
dv\ivofj.icL, TLj 7r^dg oujTdg Tdg vTTOLTiKdg dcpiyfZiv^ d^x^P'^'^'^'^^ i^nfz-^s 
z^dg Tnv o-JUtAnrov, cwTy'ju^(^ ctuTa <^0^YivoLiai^fyiAAeiveigv7rdTeia.v'MvJi 

TT^dg 

eos dixiflc, Mallem equidem apud hos pri- munia difpenfavit, concordia in civitatibus 

mus efle quam Romte fecundus. Alio item conftituenda, praefertim obasratorum & cre- 

tempore in Hifpania quum legeret per otium ditorum medendis controverfiis. Statuit e- 

Alexandri hiftoriam, diu eum fecum cogita- nim ut ex debitoris proventibus ferret quot- 

bundum fediflc, inde lacrymas profudifle. Mi- annis creditor beflem, reliquum rediret ad 

rantibus caufam amicis dixifle : Annon vide- dominum , quoad ass ahenum eflet difTolu- 

tur vobis gcraendum, quum hac a;tate Alcx- tum. His aftis clarus decedit provincia, 

andcr tot jam regna fubegerit, menihildum tum ipfe pecuniofus, tum impletis prazda 

geflifle priEclari ? militibus, atque imperator efl ab illis appcl- 

Ut ergo Hifpaniam attigit, mox accinxit latus. 

fe operi, atque intra paucos dies cohortes de- Quia vero triumphum poftulantibus ma- 

cem ad priores viginti confcripflt. Galla;- nendum extra urbcm, & candidatis confula- 

cos & Lufitanos bello petiit domuitque: ac tus peiendus erat in urbe, his legibus con- 

progrcfTus ufque ad Oceanum gentes ante f]i6tatus contrariis, quum ad tempus comi- 

non pacatas imperio Romano fubegit. Re- tiorum confularium occurrifTet, contendit per 

bus bello egregie gcflis, non fegnius pacis amicos a fenatu, ut abfentis flii ratio habere- 

3 tur. 



K A I 2: A P. 113 

(i^i(ti(riV, ^Tct dg mogt. m7<K^g Ti^i^Tr^f^ag vm r» KcwVa^©-, C4t- 

K^ii<70Lvl(^ T^ X^^^ '^^ TT^y^Ct, ;^ tIw Ylfxk^V h T^ 7\iym }iCLTCtTeJ.- 

•v^cti/1©-', iyvoi Tov ^eictfJL^ov oL^peig Kalcra^ ^X^^ '^ vTrcLTCia.;' Kj Ttct^- 
ihhm ^'OuV, vm^vi) TtohiT^fJLci rt %cLv\aLg dv^^dnag SloL7:cLTv\(TCLy ttAwj/ 
KaT&)V(^. /o; t^to, cTtctAActy») rio^Trm» >9 K£^'ar«, t^ //syi^-oi/ ci» tm 
7roA« (^uvoLi^odv' aV (TtuuoLyoLyodV KoCKra^ eig (pi7\iciv qm S^icKpo^gj >^ 
tIuj vtt' OLfJL(poliv (TtwivSioifj^(^ \%tw dg icwTov, i^y(d (piXdv^^mov 
iX^^^ TT^^rnyoeJ-cLV, i7\0L^i jULiTOL<^ri(roLg tIw TToAiTeictv. ii yS, &)V ol n7\ei<^oi 
vojULi(ji(riV, « Kcu(TOL§(^ j^ UoiJLTrm ha^po^ t^V ltU(pvhi^g direi^yoiTOLTo 

TloTKifJLiig, DL7k?.0L fJLS,7\7\0V « (pi7\icL, (TV^oivlodV cMl >iOLTCL7\V(TH 7" dejL^OK^- 

Tiug To Tt^mov, dTOL »T&) Kj TT^g aAA«A8? S^iOLg-oLvlodV. KoLTOdVi 7ro7\7\oi- 
mg TOL {jLi7\7\ov\ct TTe^S-icmil^ovJi, ce^Uv (^v(TKo7\ii p^ clv^^odna tots ii^ tto- 
7^.vn^yfjLov(^, vVs^v 'j, (p^vifjLii i^, iiK dJvJx^g Q (TVfJL^iiT^a ActC«y 

&Ot,CLV. 

Ov fAw cl7\7\ Kou(TOi^ CM) fjLiCTa T" K^oTH Kj TlofjL7riii'<i piXioLg S^O^V- 
(po^^lj^j^, Stti tIuj vnoLTeiav 7re_$nx^n, j^ T^oLfXTT^oog oLvoLyo^i^S-eig fA^ 
KoL7\7rii^vi'd Bi^?\ii, j^ KaTas^oig dg tIu) dex^> <^^vg ei(Ti<p6^s vofjLng iix 
vTraTCi) 7ue^(TY\'/.ov\ag, dA7\d ^nfjLd^x^^ '^^^'^ ^^(TVTdTOd, 7f^g ^<^ovlw t^ 
7ro7\Kav KhYi^axioLg Tivdg x^&^'= ^ S^iavofxdg ei<TYiyii!J%)(^. cm/ q tm ^aAw 
'^ Ka7\uv Ti K^ dyaB-m dvJiK^acrdvJotiv, 7rd7\cu hoi^(^ 7re^(pd(Ti0dg, 
dvaKe^.y(^g y^ fxa^Tvo^pjj(^ odg elg tov S^rifJLov dKoav <^i7\oujvoiTo, B-i^- 

7fdl- 

tur. Contra cujiis poftulata infiftente legi dentium. Catoni autem, qui impendentia 

Catone, mox ut mukos advercit a Cxfarc de- crebro vaticinatus eft, hoc reliquum fuit, ut 

Knitos, tempore rem excludente, ac diem di- importuni tunc 8c curiofi , poft prudentis 

cendo eximente, conftituit dimiflb trium- quidem fed infelicis nomen confiliarii forti- 

pho Csflir incumberc confulatui, ingrefluf- retur. 

que illico urbem fufcepita6t:ionem,quademp- Porro Csefar Crafli & Pompeii ftipatus 

to Catone omnibus mortalibus impofuit. Ea amicitia, confulatum adeptus eft, ac cum 

fuit, pQtentiflunorumcivium Pompeii&Craf- Calpurnio Bibulo magna gloria renunciatus. 

fi reconciliatio. Quibus Cxfar ex fimultate Inito magiftratu extemplo leges non confuli, 

in gratiam reduftis, atqiie utriufque in fc con- fed audacifl^imo tribuno plebis rogavit con- 

fiata potentia, fiifto in fpeciem humano rem- gruentes, in gratiam plebis lcgem de colo- 

pub. clam invertit. Ncque enim (ut pleri- niis deducendis & leges agrarias promulgans. 

que omnes exiftimabant) Caefaris 6c Pompeii Qui, quum adverfarentur ei in fenatu opti- 

difl"enfio civilia invexit bella, immo conjunc- mates, quod diu occafionem qusfifl^et, vo- 

tio potius ad convellendos optimates confpi- ciferatus teftatufque invitum fe tranfire ad 

rantium primum, deinde tamen inter fe difli- populum, quem necefTario 6c injuriis in fe fe- 

VoL. IV. P natus 



114 K A I S A P. 

7rri<^n(rir iij <^<^y)(FCii^(^ tv^tv fj^ K^oyohivkv q UofjLTfriioVjn^odTWiVH 
T»V i/oft»? sTrcuvoliV. iTTcuviiv cpcia-iiovlmy TTU^iKoLAei (loYiS^m w^g t»V cLvi'. 
fao^ [A$ ^i(p£i> dTTeiXSvlag^ aimoi q vtti^vhvIo' IlofjL7rYii(^ o j^ Tr^crsTru- 
TTiv, cdg cicpi^oiTO TT^g Tct ^i(pn i^ tQ ^i^pag k, S-v^eov KOfjii^m. qJ^ t»- 

T6) T»V jw5^' CteAS^OK^TuQg mctdiV, ilx, Ct^ictV ^? fZefe« oJtoV CWf^a^, «cj^a -^ 

T^V t/m) o-vFkMtov ^Kct^Hctg Tr^iTracrctv, otAAot lULctvtKYiii J^ fJLei^OL>iid(^n 
^mviv cL}tii(roLvlctg' 6 o <^jul(B^ n^n- Kcua-a^ q f^^C^vodg tn '^ no/bL^^mii cTy- 
vctfjLiCdg xmS^^ctTloiMp^^ {nv y:> ouui^ l^^ioL S-vyoLTn^y kfyeyvnfJ^n Ss^a- 
liA/(i) KcM7r/4)f;) tolutIuu bnifyvn^ri UofJLTrnio^' Tnv o rio^Tr^ja t4 ^^^iiT^icd- 
i^ddQ-etv i(pn(riVy aJ^s ojuTnv oivifyvov iioroLV, dKhai ^cuus-c^ i^ ^v?\Aol tcou- 
cT) v.aL^oi>fxo7\oyn]B^\w. o?\iycd ^e vg-i^v KoucroL^ nydyiTo KoLKTra^vioLV, S^u- 
yoLTi^oL Heicrm^, tov q UdG^moL KOLTis^nonv vttcltov eig to ^IaAov. cv- 
Touu^ct in J^ (TCpo^^oL (jLOL^Tv^iMfn. KcLTm^^j K^ (io£v](^ iix, dvixlov «- 
vcu, ydfJLoig S^LOLfjLoLs-^TrdfOfjLivn? '^, nysftovioLg, k^ ^id yuuuaim eig sttol^' 
xictg )^ (^^TivfjLcLTCL v^ S^aijdfJLeig dhXnhi^g dvlmctyovlm. 6 fjtkv »j/ (tvv~ 
d^X^^ T» Kou(Tcte,(^ B/^A(^j Inei mKvm TaV vofJLng ^^\v im^ouvev, ctA- 
Act noTKXdmg ojKiv^wu^iV fX^ KdTm(^ cJ^ t' dyo^g "Sm^ctveiv, ifzXet- 
(Fd\^<^ omi. Tov -^ d^x^'' X^^^^ i^mihicnv. TlofJLwni(^ q ynfJLOLg, iv^vg 
avi7r7\n(riv Tnv dyo^v oTrM^y, k^ (nwiTriKv^n tm J'nfA.(i> TaV vofjLng' KcwVag^ 
Q T»V 6r1oV "AATTgfflf }i TJif ojiloV diict^ctv KihT\,)Lnv, Tff^^eig to '\7\KveA- 

xoV 

i^atus adduftus cogeretur obfervare, ad eum quidem illocatam, fed Faufto Syllae filio de- 

profiliit, cinftufque hinc Craflb illinc Pom- ftinatam. Brevi poft Csefar Pifonis filiamCal- 

jjeio, rogavit eos ecquid leges fuas probarent. purniam nuptiis fibi adjunxit: Pifonem in 

Quum probare dicerent, oravit ut contra ad- proximum annum confulem creavit. Quo 

verfarios, qui gladios minitarentur, eflent iSbi tempore palam teftatus eft Cato, clamavitque 

a.uxjlio: id illi funt polliciti. Adjecit infu- rem indignam eflTe, ut proftitueretur nuptia- 

per Pompeius, contra gladios cum gladio fe rum lenocinris imperium,ac per mulieresmu- 

v^enturum, & fcutum quoque allaturum.Haec tuo fe ad provincias, imperia, exercitus pro- 

VQX optimatum aures ofFendit, indigna ejus veherent.Collegaigitur CcefarisBibulusquum 

pudore, atque ab ejus erga fenatum obfervan- intercedeiido legibus ejus nihil proficeret, fed 

tia.abhorrens, immo infana 6c, temeraria; po- in foro faepius eflet in mortis periculum cum 

pulus vero exultavit, At Ciefar, quo peni- Catone vocatus, toto confulatus tempore 

tjusin potcntiam infinuaret fe Pompeij, quum continuit fe domi. Pompeius dufta JuHa, fta- 

f^liam juliam haberet Servilio Caspioni pac- tim foruoi armis implevit, legefque Cajfai-is 

tapi, hai^c Pompeio defpondit. Servilio Pon\- populo firmavit. Casfiri efFecit uc Gallia cif- 

p.eii filiara oftendit fe junfturmn, ac ne eam alpina 6c tranfalpiaa omnis, adjundo Illyri- 

co. 



K A I S A P. 115 

Kov iw5 Tdyii^Tm Tioyd^m eig %iv\cil£.tUv. KcLTmoi f^ Qv c^;)^«fnVaf- 
TOL T>iTm oivliXiyeiVj ci%yi'^ «V (pvAcalw Kou<rct^i olof^(^ uvtov 
fHhcAhicri^ raV (hfJLOi^X^g' cMeiva ci<p(^Vii fioL(^i(^ovl(^y o^iSv Kouo-ol^ 

H fJLQVOV T»V K^Tl^Hg t^V<T(p0^5v}oL?, cLXhd Kj TO h^OTkMV OU^ol -^ KoL~ 
TOiV(^ Ct^iTm CtiOdm Kj (A$ KOLTYl(peiCig i7ro}^ov, OWTOg IhYiS-yi K^(pOL '^ 

^Y\iJLcLoO^'^ gj/oV ci(pihi^ Tov KoLT(»voL. 'P^ ^ ocAAfidv o-t;/xA«T(X(Wf, oAiyoi 

TTOLvloLTrcLO-lV OUUT^ 0-UVY^i(TCLV «V (^HT^IjM) ol j) T^OiTTOl S\jo^€^OUVOv]ig CMTToS^CdV 

v)(rcLV. ei7rovJ(^ Kovo-i^la Tivog 7^' (i(po^^ yi^vlm, wV <po<^iif^vot tol 

OTFXoL Kj T»V ^^TlCdTOL? «' Q-UJUi^X^lvlo, Tl »f, i(pYi KoUCTOL^, » Kj Q-y 
TOUJTOL MlCa^ olKH^ag J K^ O K0V(Ti^i(^ etTnV, OTI fJLi TTOiei fJLY\ (^0^«c^ TO 

yri^g. ^ hi AcimfjS{j(^ (il(^, a ttoAAji? oxly(^ ^v i^etTou TT^voiOLg. 

CU^i?-OV l^ TOTe TToKiTi^lJLOLTCiiV i^O^iV QJV T« KcMVotf©-" VnOLTeiCt-, JV- 

fjLoL^X^^v oue,i^lwou KAwJ^ioi/ cjiieivov, v(p' s Tot fZtfet Tov yoLfiov ^ Toig 
"^mTng Tra^ivofJL^nS-Yi 'KOLvvvxJ-^cLg. Y\p^Y\ q S^ t« KiKigi^v^ KOLTuKv^rei' 

J^ Kalo-fltf a TT^Ti^V c/|«A6<t/ o^' T^' ^^TetOLV, n KOLTOL9OL(TlOL(r0U KlKi- 
§(tiVOL fJL^ KA&)J^4«j )^ (TtWiKCoLAeiV QJK T' 'iTOLhiag. 

ToiOUIJTOL fJ^ ^V 7\iyi) «^S^ TOL W^ T^ TahOLTiK^V. i) T^tf TTOKifJ^aV 
^g i7ro7\ifJLY]TiV fj($ TOUJTOL, >C, T^ <^PCfJTei(£iV CUg Y)fJLi^(a(TOLT0 tUv KiKTiKfjUU 
X^V^^J (^T-Ki^ aKhhxJ d^X^ 7\CfJ^0]i\(^ CUJT^, K^ K0LT0L90Lv](^ «V iTi^aV 
TIVOL |3<« >^ ir^CLyfJLCLTCdV KCUV^V 0<^0V, iiK i<TiV QTH TOiV fJLcb\i<^CL TiScWfJLCLT- 

fj^ci)V i(p' ^yifJLovicL j^ fJLiyi7(tiV yiyovoTCtiV '^Aeiyi-ovloL TroMfjLis-Uv k^ g-^oL- 

TYiKOL- 

co, cum quatuor legionibus in quinquennium vit£e, quia parum eft, haud magnam quxrit 

decerneretur. Hic reluftare fibi aggrcflum cautionem. Inter illius temporis a£ta fcedif- 

Catonem duci Caslkr in carcerem juflit, tri- fimum in CfEfaris confulatu, quod Clodius 

bunos exiftimans appellaturum. Quo nulla tribumis plebis defignatus fuerit, ille a quo 

voce mifla pcrgente, cernens Csefir non op- torus ejus atque arcana pervigilia fuerant te- 

timates tantum id asgre ferentes, verum ple- merata. Defignatus efl: ad obterendum Ci- 

bem etiam virtutis verecundia Catonis taci- ceronem. Nec prius in provinciam profc£tus 

tam & mcefl:am fequentem, rogavit clam ipfe Csefar efl, quam focio Clodio Ciceronem 

unum ex tribunis ut eriperet Catonem. Ex faftione opprefljflet, atque Italia exterminaf- 

cseteris fenatoribus in curiam venerunt eo fet. 

confule fane pauci : reliqui indignantes fenatu Hcec gefiifl^e dicitur ante bcllum Galli- 

abfiiinuere. Quum Confidius quidam natu cum. At bellorum qu£e deinceps geflit, ex- 

grandis, armorum & militum diceret raetu peditionumque quibus domuit Galliam, tera- 

eos non convenire, Quin igitur, inquit, tu pus, quafi aliud exordium cepiflet, 6c aliam 

quoque, Casfar, hac formidine domi te con- vitas aftionumque eflet ingreflus viam nova-' 

tines ? Ibi Confidius refpondit, Quod metum rum, nuUo eum vel laudatiflimorum atque 

mihi abflergac fenedus: nam quod fupereft fummorura imperatorum inferiorem bellato- 

P 2. ' rem 



ii6 K A I S A P. 

ryihcLrhjtJ clMet^iV cwtov' oi?<h' eiTi <I>a€<a? )^ SxtTr/iyi/flt^ yy MgrgAXa? 
Jij raV ^tar' cwtov ri fjUK^v ifAJK^Snv clutS, SuAAat/ j^ Mcte^ov, ciiuL(po~ 
T^ag 72 A<^;i«AA«?, « j^ UofjLTrriiov cwToVy § xAs(^ uTryg^^i/iot/ /m;-9-« 

TOTi TTCLvJoicig (Z^ TToMfJLOV ci^iTY\<;-> (W^^cIT^OI tW, OU KoU(rCi^(^ VTTS^- 

^cLKh>i(r^ TT^^eig-, tov jwS^u ;^otAg7roV«Tt TOTTm-, b) oig i7Uo7\ifjLY\(Tiy tov q, 
fjLiyid-ei X^&^'^ ^ 7r^(riKlri(rciT0y tov q, 7rAw6« ;^ iS/a TroAsfjLicdV aV cy/- 
K«o-£j/, To»' Q, cLTOTricug j^ cim^^icug n^m oi mS-odftoihiG-i, tov o, c^«)t«a 

J^ TT^ClOTYITl Tt^og T«V OLhKrKOf^iig, TOV Q, ^Od^ig J^ x^^^^ "^^^^ "^^'^ 

<rvg-^oLTd)0{B{jiig, TroivioLg q, tJ 7r7\ei<FOLg fj.ifJLOix>)^^ fioixctg, J9 Trhei^ag 
dvn^mivou t£v oivliTUx^i^i^v- s^"» y^ y'»^^ cJ^gxct 7roXifjLn<rcLg ^zefei YaKoLTioLV, 
TToheig f^ vTTS^ 0KloLK0(rioLg x^ k^t(^ eiMv, l^vn o g;^«^&)VaTo Te^cLKo- 
(TioC fj,vej^oi(ri rs^^Ta^otf^©^ ;(J jW-gf^ TejLOLKO(rioug, ikcj.tov fjS^ ov XH' 
cr\v ^ii(pQei^sv, oi'AAot? o TOdomJTcig ll^oiy^nTi. 

■"Evvoici Q )^ 7re$^vfiicc <T^cLTi(t)Tm sx^t^<^citq To<TOLVTn (Zi^ olvtov, wVs 
TsV gT8^&)p ^tncl^gv ov Tcug OLhhcug <^^oLT€icug <^ioL<pie3^cJ.g^ dfjLcix^^g "iij clvv- 
7ro<^(iT^g (pie,i^ Tr^og ttolv <^eivov vtts^ '^ KcwVot^©^ (^o'^ng. ol(^ Iw tSto 
jw^\ 'Ajc/a*©^, og cv Tw fZefe^ M.cL0Tci7\iciv vcwfiaxici, Vio^g 7roMfj,ioLg (fk- 
ii^nK(Jdg, Tnv fj^ ^i^idv d^tiKm X^?^ f^^X'^^^^ "^? de/^s^d tov 3-v- 
pov ax dpmev, ctAAot Tv^flodV eig tol Ti^oao^itoL Tng ^rohifjLiag, otTrgg-^g^/g 
TfdvJoLg, K^ tQ (rKd(p-dg miKec^Tn^nv' tQto q, Kotori©^ 'Eksvol^, og cv t« 
cBi Avhjidxiov fJLdx^ t^v o<p^OL7\fJLov oMKonelg To^ivfj.ciTh tov q a)f/,ov v(r- 

(TOd 

rem & ducem oftendit : fed flve cum illo plus oftingenta vicepit,gentesfubegittrecen- 

Fabios, Scipiones, Metellos, coaevofque ejus tas, fignadiveiTistemporibus contulit cum tri- 

aut paulo fuperiores, Syllam 8c Marium, am- ciescentenismillibus; exquibusdecies centena 

bofque Lucullos,vel ipfum etiam Pompeium, millia in acieinterfecit,alterum tantum cepit. 

cujus ex omnis generis bellica virtute fupeni- Studium erga fe militum & promptitu- 

bat gloria ccelos, conferas, res geftce Casfa- dinem habuit tantam, ut, qui, caeteris ni- 

ris antecellunt alium locorum, quibus bel- hil aliis in expeditionibus priecellebant, in- 

lum geflit, afperitate, alium provincias, quam vifti atque intolerabiles in omne difcrimen 

fubjugavit, amplitudine, multitudine alium & pro Csefaris gloria ruerent. Qualis fuit hinc 

ferocitate, quos fuperavit, hoftium, alium Acilius, qui in prcelio navali apud Maffili- 

morum, quos cicuravir, feritate 8c immani- am quum in hoftilem navem tranfilifTet, de- 

tate, alium clementia & lenitate in deviftos, truncata gladio dextra, rctinuit finiftra fcu- 

alium in commilitones munificentia & bene- tum, quo pulfans hoftium ora omnes aver- 

ficiis, omnes vero prceliorum & hoftium in- tit, navique eft potitus : hinc Caffius Scjb- 

terfeftorum immenfo numero. Quippe annis va, qui in pugna apud Dyrrhachium ex- 

non tetis deccm gefto in Gallia bello, oppida cuflb fagitta oculo, humero pilo uno & 

fe- 



K A I S A P. 117 

fl-w yi Toi/ fJLYi^v W^cd cPigAyiAct|w9^'(^, TZd 3 3-y^g« /BgA&i^v kotrov j^ re/a- 
Kovla. 'nl\r\yo.<; (hcthhy^^^^y cAicLhei rag TroMjULiagj (^g iz^<^(id(ra>v kcw- 
Tov. ivHV 'K^(nov\(ji)Vy tQ fj^ dTrko-^i tov dfJLov ty\ jttct^cM^a, tov o 
«y T» Tr^^c&^Tra TrctTctJot^ otTrkf s'vl/2i'' o/iToV o J'{g(7&)3->i, t^ ow«&)i' fafe^o^o v- 
T&)v. CM' V>e,iT\oivict 't^ TroAifxiodv elg totfov ihod<^ )^ iW.gfoi; vS^clt'^ IfjLTri' 
(r^(ri Tolg it^odToig T(X^icl^x^^ cBiB-£(^(t>Vy ^^TmTv^g KcwVct^©^, cwt^ 
tIw fJ-ciX^ i(po§odvJ(^, cd(rcifMp(^ eU fJ.i(THg, )^ 7to7\7\(l v^ ctjkioiTluL TOh- 
fjLYig '^S'ei^(ii^(^ ^yct, TaV jwV Ta^ict^x^g itroicn, TOdV ^cJL^^cL^d^v (pv- 
yovJodV, cWTog 3 ;^ctA27r&)'? c^' 7rct(rt J^tct^oMVO)!^, gppt^J/gv gctfTof «V jidjfjLce.- 

TOL TihjULCtTOdih' K; |W,oAi? Ctf^ t5 ^-U^gi?, TOt jwS/) VnX^^A^^y T^ Q ^Otcft- 
^&)l/ (^HTfi^criV. ^CtJU(J.CL^Qv\(£)V Q TWf f^fe^' TOV ¥.cd(TClL^, V^ fJ^ X^^'^ ^'^ 

Tt^cujyng ciTroLvlo^iiloiiV, ouuTog (£ iulolAol mTYi^p^g j^ MoLy.^vfAiJ'^ 7r^(ri- 

%i(Ti T^KcU(TOL£/,,(TvfyV00fJLlw DUTii fJ^^^ cBl TU TT ^i^ TOV ^V^iOV. bv Q At- 

€i/« vcttt^; £;:^ov]g? o\ ask). 'ExLTriodVOL KcMVct^©-', cv n T^vi(^ TliT^odV STTiTrAei tol- 
fMiag )>(MhSeiy\^(^,T^g fj^ (J-Khag STrofai/lo A«av, tm ''^TafJ.iciS'iS'ovouTlw 

(TU)Tn<llLC)LV 'i(pOL(TOLV. Q, eiTTOdV OTl T^V KoMJCt^©^ <^^Tl(J)TOLg «' XoLfJ.^oOLVeiV 

dhhd SiSovcJA (TOdTneJLOLV gS"©-' Wiv, louuTov 7» ^{'(^f( 'TTcLTd^ctg dveiXiv. 

Tot TOiodjTOL 7\Y)fJ,fJ,aLT0L V^ T^g (pi7\0TlfJ,ioLg OUUTOg dviS-^S-^iV K^ KOLT- 
iG->iSjOL(Ti KcU(Tae, , "Ti^OdTOV f^ TW X^^^-^^ ^^ Ti^ttCtV dCpeiS^^g, CA^O^etKVV- 

fj^j(^ on Tov ttaQtov «Vw elg T^v(pnv IJ^ioLV, iitH TivoLg nSvTroiS-eioLg zm Tm 
7ro7\ifj.odv dS-^iCet, xoivd q dB-7\0L r dvS^p^yct^ioLg Tra^ ouutw (pv7\0LQTQ- 
jti^ot ^Wxei^* jt, fJ.iTi<FiV cAieiVCi) TS 7rAm7j', o(roi Tolig d^iotg t&v 9^tioi)to^v 

femore altero trajefto, fcuto telorum ■ trigin- latione 8c plaufu occurrit ei, admodum liic 

ta fupra centum iftibus exceptis, tanquam dc- moeftus lacrymarumque plenus abjecit fe ad 

diturus fe vocavit hoftes : duobus accurrcnti- Cjefaris pedes, quod fcutum amififlet veniam 

bus, alterius humerum gladio defecuit, ake- petens. In Africa Scipio capta Cjefaris navi, 

rius fauciavit faciem, eumque in fugam ver- qua Granius Petronius qusftordcfignatus ve- 

tit, ipfe amicorum praefidio evafit incolumis. hebatur, cseteros in pra;dam vertit, qu^eftori 

In Britannia quum hoftes, primipilos, qui in falutem fe dixit dare : qui quum refpondilFec 

loca paluftria Sc profunda aquis inciderant, Casfaris milites non accipere, fed dai-e con- 

adorirentur, miles Cjefaris ipfo pugnam fpec- fuefle falutcm, gladio fe confodit. 
tante in medium irruit, multifque & eximiis Hos fpiritus atque hanc alacritatem ipfe 

editis virtutis operibus primipilos fervavit: aluit & paravit Cxfar, primum immenfa 

ac barbaris in fugam conjeftis, ipfe poftre- largitione 8c honoribus, oftendens non ad 

mus omnium magno labore recipiens fe, con- privatum luxum fe opes neque uUas ad de- 

jecit fe in rivos lacuftres, atque xgre relifto licias accumulare ex bello, fed communia 

fcuto quanatando qua gradiendo locum fuum virtutis pra;mia apud fe fervata reponi : hac- 

fuperavit. Stupeme Cjefare, quicumgratu- tenus autera inde fe dicefcere, quatenus in 



bene 



ii8 K A I S A P. 

mvm ct7ra.yo^^eiV. to fjS^ ^v (pihomS^vuuov iin tB-avfioi^ov olvt^ S^ioi rhu^ 
(pihoTi/uiaV « i) ToSv TTQvm ^^fJLovyi, c^^-. tIjlv tQ (rcdfjLaT^^ i^wtjafjLiv gy- 
x.a^Ts^av i^o)iHv\(^, cJii-^hYirJev' oti k^ tIw e^iv m l^og, j^ tIu) (roi^m 
XA)Kog Kj ciTraAogy >^ Treet riw u^pahkv vocrodi^Y^gi i^ Tolg imXynrlimg svo, 

X^J <^ KofclV^M TT^GdTOV UVTC^ tQ TTCiS-iig, 6)V /^Syg^, T'<iTii Tr^dTTKTOV- 

t(^, « juaKaKiag iTioiwaTo Tnv dy^u><^iav Tu^paaiv, dhKcl ^i^TreicLV -^ 
dppctig-iag tIuu s-^Teictv, Toug dT^VTOig oi^oiTToejLoug, k^ Toug gyVgAgV; cT/om- 
rci4g, K^ TU S-v^ojuKiiv '^mfJLO^x^l^^ '^ TtdSet, k^ to crodfJLa (p^a^Siv <hi(r~ 
dhodTov. cMoifjLdro f^ yi rng TrXeig-ag vTrvag cm> oxyiftct(riv yj (po^eioigj eig 
TT^^iV rriv dvdTtcaxTiv KctrctTiB-ii^^' cax^TO q fti^' i^fti^v zJ^ rd 
<P^^eAct ^9 rdg 7roA«? k^ raV x^^^^'^^ ^"^'^ ^'^'^ (rvlKaSny^a Trou^og, 
riv \:zu^y^(peiv dftct J^icokovI^^ eiS-KriSpm, Ivog S"' cJ^oTn^iv scpgf^xo- 

T©^ $-£^Ti6t)Vy, ^ip(^ iXOvl^. (TiWTOVODg Q Yi^hDUUViV HTOdg, OddTi T«f TT^Od- 

rlw 'i^ohv ^710 'Yodfjung 7romdfjS(j(^, ofJ^oou^ cJm rov 'FoS^olvov s7\S-eiv. 
ro fj8f ^v iTcmveiV cAt ■^cuS^og I/jj olvtw 'pciS^kov' eiSig^o y) etg TiiTci^rco rdg 
X^^^g divdym, k^ rd v(J)TOd aj^iT7\imv, dvd k^t(^ ihavveiv rov 'iTTTrov. 
QJD heivn t« <^^Teict 7r^(ri^Yi(rKn(riV iTTTra^ofjSfj^ rdg cJm^ohdg vvra- 
yo^ivav, K^ (^vcr]v oftQ y^pacnv cJi,a^Keiv' &)V ''OTTTndg (pn(riv, Kj ttKhq- 
(TiV' "hiyQ c^g K) rd ^id y^fJLftdrcov roig (pihoig dftihetv, Kcti(rct^ tt^iS- 

rov 

bene meritos profiindat milites; deinde,quod que in vehiculis aut ledlicis capiebat, confe» 

nullum non periculum ultro fubiret, neque rens etiam ad actionem requiem. Veheba- 

laboribus fatifceret in uUis. Enimvero intre- tur intcrdiu ad arces, oppida, Sc .caftra. Af- 

pidum ejus ad fubeunda periculaanimum non fidebat ei puer unus ex iis qui diftata exci- 

mirabantur, quod glorise avidus eflet : ve- pere inter proficifcendum afll.ieti erant. Po- 

rum tolerantia laborum, quos fupra corpo- ne unus fedebat miles gladio accin61:us. Stre- 

ris vires videbatur pcrferre, obRupefecit mi- nuc adeo iter faciebat, ut quum primo die 

lites i quod qui habitu gracili corporeque exiiflct urbe, ad Rhodanum o£tavo pervene- 

candido &C molli, debili quoque foret capite, rit. Atque equitandi quidem habuit illeapue- 

ac morbo comitiali contaftus (quod vitium ei ro proclivem ufum. Afluefa6lus enira erat re- 

fama efl Cordubas primum ingruifle) non dudtis retro manibus atque in tergo complica- 

qujefierit moUitije ex valetudinis imbeciUita- tis incitatiflime equum perraittere. At iUo in 

te prgetextum, fed medicinam imbecUhtatis^ beUo infuper meditatus fuerat dicStare inter 

miUtiam putaverit, indefatigatis itineribus, equitandum epiftolas,duobufquefimulamanu- 

tenui vi£tu, & teftum non fubeundo refiftens enfibusfufficere,utvero aitOppius,etiam plu- 

«gritudini, corpufque adverfus injuriam vali- ribus. Memorant eam prsterea rationem cura 

dum cuftodiens: fiquidem fomnum plerum- amicis per literas agendi primum excogitafl^c 

Cac- 



K A I S A P. 119 

rz^' Wf t^louTOLV dj}to7\ici'; KcLmvo ttoiQv^ (rnfjLeioVy ori ra (^eiTrvi^ovJf^ olv- 
W c« M€crtoActt/6) $s?«, Ot/rtAgeiy Aiovl(^-> c^.3-ivl(^ oiazrct^yov, kou 
fiv^v clv\ ihoua mToix^otJ}^, avTog [B^ ai^psA&j? i<pGf^, Tolg o (plxoig 
thj^i^ivaa-iv kmTiKY^^&v. 'H^m -j^, gCp», to jLt« ^^^«cS^ Tolg ciTroL^io-^iacriv' 
0: T«V tomvtIjuu oiy^iMoiv cJiehifxc^h avTog h^v dy^iKf^. o) o^cd (H 
%0Ti (nwiTKd^dg \:m x^fW'^ ^^ i7rouu7\iy dv^^odTrn 7rmT(^y &)V »/sv 
iv^iv TThiov omfjLOLT(^ mg yA/^fw? gi/ct J^g^ct^ (^twct^a, vr^g t»V 

(p/Aa? «Va)V, 6)V 'iV /t^SC h^i{JL(jdV ^3^;^&»^«TgOl' «« T0(? Ptg^TiVot?, T^^ 

dvcLyyLodctiV Tolg oL^€Vi<^oLToig, "OTTTriov oMihAxTiV dvciLncivcroL^' [j^ q 
T^ (X.7<hodV oLVTog h tJ Tr^^-gyt^a) t' B-v^g oMci^Sjhv. 

'A7\7\cjL ^ jwSf) 7r^&)T(^ ayTJ t^ Y<.i7\Timv 7ro7\tfJLCdv TC^g 'EK^^nTJing 
ciwi^i) K^ Tiyveivag, dl Toig oLvi^ ^c^h^iLcL iioXm v^ ytc^fJLcLg TiT^)LO(rioLg 
\fjL%e,Y^(TOLvkgi g%6)'?«i' 7r^^<rod <^icl r 'c<«ra 'Vcdfzouoig rctAotr/ct?, 6)Wg^ ttol- 
7\ou KifJL^^h ^ TiVTovig, m^ toT^/jlolv cM€iVCt)V ^smi^ii^s^oi ^oKQvJsg avcu, 
;^ 7r7\n^^ ofm7\&g TejLOLKovTOL ij9{j ou 7vai(Tou fjcotf-cihg oijJsg-, eiKodL 3 cu 

fjLOLXOf^OU, fZloig Hii(T0U. T^T(£iV TiyVtJLV^g f&p iiK OLVTOg, dhhOL AOL^W- 

vog TfifjLCp&eig vtv uvtQ (c^ toVA^^ T^oTafiov (TtwiTejL^^iV 'EACnTliodv 
Q avTW 7rfjg Tiva Trohiv <pi7^lw dyovli Tm ^^Tidv, xotd' oS^ov dTT^oa-J^oKn- 
TOdg cBi^i^o^v, <p^d(Tag zRn x^^'^^ m^Te^v x-aTiCpvj^. KctKei cnwa- 

yayodv 

C^arem, quum colloquendi coram de rebns atque Oppium illic juflit capere quietcm , 

necelTariis tempuspropteroccupationummul- cum casteris ipfe in veilibulo janu^ cuba* 

titudinem atque urbis laxitatem fpatium non vit. 

daret. Quam autem indifFerens fuerit circa Porro bellorum Gallicorum primum cum 

viftum, hoc indicio demonftrant, quod invi- Helvetiis & Tigurinis geflit. Hi oppidis fuis 

tatus Mediolani ad coenam ab hofpite Vale- duodecim Sc quadringentis vicis incenfis, iter 

rio Leone, qui afparagum appofuerat, atque capiebant per Romanorum provinciam, ficut 

olei loco infuderat unguentum, ip(e fimplici- olim Cimbri & Teutones: quibus nec cedcre 

tCT comederit &indignantes incrcpaveritami- eos animo apparebat, & numero item erant 

cos. Satis enim erat, inquit, abftinere iis, in fumma trecenta millia capitum, e\' quibus 

a quibus abhorrebatis : nunc eam rufticita- arma ferebant centum nonaginta millia. Ha- 

icm qui reprehendit, ipfe eft rufticns. Com- rura Tigurinos non ipfe, fed legatus ejusLa* 

pulfus aliquando in itinere per tempefta- bienus ad Ararim amnem oppreilit. Quurri 

tem in hominis pauperis calam, ubi nihil Helvetii ad oppidum quoddam focium ex- 

extra unum cubiculum reperit, quod cape- ercitum admovemem repente ex itinere ado- 

re vix poftet unum, dixit amicis, honcltiova rirentur, occupavit ad locum munitum fe 

optimis concedenda, ncceflaria debilifiimis , recipere : quo loco contraftis inftruflifquc 

co- 



I20 K A I S A P. 

yoiycav Kj (ZP^Tci^oLg Tyiv ^twctfjLiv, dg tTTTr©-' civi^ 7r^o(ryix^n, Tarw 
f^y i<pY\, vuri(ra? p^^^JiVo/Woa TT^g thV S^i&i^iVy vtw q 1'&)j(j6^j c?^' r«V TroAg- 
fAiag' K^ TTi^k o^fJLYKTctg bik^aXiV. X'^^^ ^ ;^otAg7rda? d(T(i[hp^ to (jlcI- 

%{|W.OI/, TTSei T-CW? dfJLCL^OUg Kj id X^&^^^ "^^^ nX^?OV i<^iV noVOV, iiK OLV- 

T^S /uLovov v^i<roLf^m oMa ^ jULOLxof^c^v, otAAot Kj %(uhg ckVT^^ yi yv- 

VCUKig djULtWOfjSlJOU fJLiXtf' B-CtVOLTH (TvUoLTiyLOTtmctVj «Vs Tr\V fjLOLxlw fJLO- 

■A(? «V fJLi(ycJig vvKictg Ti7\S^Tno-ou. acthS 'jj t4 t' vimg i^yod ^htIov eTTiB-y). 

KiV, TO (TVUUOm(roU Tdg S^lOL^pvyovlctg QAC -^ fjLoixyig TWV TTOL^vJodV (hoL^^d- 

^m, T^ actTOLVOLlkddou ty\v x^&^^ cLvcOkol^hv y\v oLTTiAiwov, Kj Tcig TToKetg 
oig M(p^ei^v, ovJoLg vm^ S^iKOL fjLvejtoLi^DLg. iTF^^iV q tQto, Mioog fjLn TYJy 

'^(i^^V \eY\ft(JV '^0\B^\jJJ o\ Ti^fJLOLVo) S^iOL^civlig KOLTOL^Cd(riV. 

AiVTi^ov TT^og Ti^fJLcLV^g civlix^vg vn\e, Y^iXTm i7ro7\ifJLY\(Ttv, kcutoi 

TOV ^OL(Ti?\iOL TT^OTi^OV aVTOdV ' Ke^O^V^OV CV 'VoOfJLYf (TV fJLfJLOLXOV TTiTromfli- 

v(^. d7\7\ YiO-oLV d(poe,YiToi Tolg vTrnKooig olvtQ yetTovig, jc, kcu^S (z^S^ov- 
t(^, iiK dv iS^oK^iV Sm Toig ttol^Qctiv dT^ifJLY\<Tetv, d7\7\ Shvoftn^Ti^ k^zol^- 
i^etv TYiv ToL7\oLTioLV. o^odv 3 T^g r\yiftovoLg '}hro<^ei7\iodv]oLg, ji^ fjLd7\ig-ct 'o(Tot. 

T&V cJh(pOLV&V >L, ViOdV UVTW (TlWi^Y\7\^0V, Odg (^Y\ T^Vprj X^^^^OfJ^Ol K^ ^^Yi- 

■fjLctTi(TfJL& TV\ (,(^ Koua-cL^(^ q^TeioC (Tvvo,yoLyddv dg cM}t7\Y)TioLv, oMiKSj- 
(TiV dTTiivoUj y^ fJLY\ mSvviveiV (^^ yv(^fj.lw, iiTOjg dvdvS^^obg j^ fxoLXoLmg 

iXO^^'^' OtuVo? i(pY\ TO SiKOLTOV TdyfJLOL fJLOVOV a^^XcJL^(^V, Sth, T^g ^Cte,' 

Qd^ag TToe^ivi^l, fJLY\Ti K^eiTloG-i fti7\7\(!)V 'K.ifJ.^e,(tiV fj.dxi^l TioKifj.iotg, fj^Yiri 

GLVTOg 

copiis, ubi fuit ei equus admotus, Hoc pofl; Hinc cum Germanis plane pro Gallis bel- 

obtentam viftoriam, inquit, ad confeftandos lavit, quamvis regem illorum Arioviftum an- 

hoftes utar: nunc in illos pergamus. Et pe- te Roma; appellaverat focium. Cxtcrum 

dibus profcftus incurrit in eos. Poftquam intolcrabiles erant pacatis ejus vicini, ap- 

pepulit longinqua 8c acri pugna armatos, plu- parebatque per occafionem prxfentibus for- 

rimum laboris habuit ad plauftra 8c vallum :. tunis non acquieturos , verum incurfaturos 

ubi non viri modoeum fubftitcre proeliatique occupaturofque rcliquam Galliam. Quoniam 

funt, fed & pueri fceminarque, ufqueadmor- vero duces vidit trcpidantes, prxcipue au- 

tem defendentes fe, concifi funt. Protrafta tem quotquot ex nobilitate & juventute eum 

eft in raediam ufque noftem pugna. Infigni fuerant fequuti, quafi ad delicias & qu£eftum 

hujus viftorias operi adjecit infignius, quod hac cum Ciefare expeditione ufuri ; concio- 

horura barbarorum qui ex proelio fupererant ne advocata faceffere eos juffit, neqtte con- 

plus centum millia in unum contraxerit, co- tra animi fententiam adeo eft^oeminatos ac 

egeritque repetere agrum quem rehquerant, molles fubire ppriculum. Ac fola decima 

& qux incendio ablumpferant oppida. Fe- legione oftendit fe barbaros adoriturum , 

cit autem id metuens ne agrum vacuum Ger- neque cum fortioribus , quam Cimbri fuif- 

mani tranfmiflro Rheno invaderent. fent, dimicaturum hoftibus, neque Mario fe 

4 im- 



K A I S A P. 121 

twTog <^v HueAH X^?^^ <^^Ty}yo<^. c/k t^th to f£p MmTov TctyyLCLTtp^r- 
^^Toi^ iTreiuL-^i n^g ouutov, x^^^ '^X^^ of/.oXoySv]ig' tol q aAAa t^V 
icw^ oKOLKi^pv YtyifMovoLg, o^iuLYJg Q Kj TT^^vfJLm 'j^/joy^oi TThn^eig a.7rciv- 

Tig moTK^B-YitrOLV oS^OV YlfJLi§oSv TTOT^h^V, iOi)g CV (^iOLKOG-ioig 'P^.^ TtoTKifJLm '?CL~ 
^IOI? )iOLTi?^dLT0'KiS'Sj(TOLV. Iw (M{J iiV 0, Tl "^ TT^g tIw iCpoJ^OV OuJtLuU Wi- 
S-^GUUg-O -^ TOhfJLYig T» ' ke^O^V^ii. Ti^fJLCiVolg ^ cJh^YlQ-i^ 'VOdfJLOU^g, U)V 
iTti^X^fBpOdV iiK a.V iS^OKHV xm^luUCU, fJ,YI Tt^^rS^OKmCLg, k^CUJfJLaL^i TY)V 
KCU0-0L^(^ TOhfJLOLV, J^ TOV <^^TOV kod^. TiTOL^yippoV. iTl Q fjLOLKKOV OUU- 
r«V rifJL^hVVi TOL fJLOLvliVfJLCtTOL TOdV k§OOV yvVCUmVy OU TTOTCL^fS (^iVOUg 7r^(r~ 

^hi7rii(rou, Kj pSjfjLOLTOiiV i7\iyfJLolg k^ ']jo(poig TeKfjLcu^ppcu Tr^iS-icmi^ov, 
Qk W(rcu fJLcix^ Ti^iSrou 7re/v cBiAoifjL-^ou vioLV (nAnvlw. tolvtol t^ Kom- 
GOLejL TTvvB-oLVofjSiJc^, Kj T»V Yi^fiOLV^g mvxd^ovloLg oeo^vli, KCihC^g iX^^ 
ih^iV 0L7re^B-vfjL0ig airii/ ouuTolg crvfJL^oihKeiV, fioLhhov « tov cAteivodV olvol- 
iB^ovloL Kcu^v kolS-yj^cu. j^ 7rej(T^o7\clg TToiiifSfjQ^ To\g i^vfJLcL(Ti v^ 7\o(poig 
lcp' m W^Tonii^i^ov, S^Y)ytiouvi -^ 7roL^od'^vvi KoLTa^oivlctg 7r^g o^ynv S^i^ 
OLyodViG-oL^cii. '^^oySfjng o AoLfL7r^,g T^^Ttng olvtoov, cfm ^acTjW TejLOLKoai- 
ag OLX^ '^^ 'Vyivh ^m^oLg, KoLTiTrM^n t^to 71clv vsk^^v to TnS^iov k^ Xol- 
(pv^odv. 'Ae/o^yf©^ 'j (p^OL(roLg fJLiT oKiyodv, <^ii7ri^oL(ri tov 'Fnvov. de^^fJLov 
Q viK^i^v, fJLveAcLS^OLg oKJod "j^iSrcu ?\iyii(n. 

ToLvTOL S^iOLTv^^oiyop^^, Tnv (jSp i^vvcLfJLiv av llnKiioLVolg cl7ri?\ei7ri (^iolx^- 
fjLcL(Tii(TOLV, cLVTog Q To]g cjv 'VodfjLn 7r^o(rix^v /2>aAo^©^5 «V Tnv <^ Ylcii^ov 

TaXoLTiav 

imperatorem efle deteriorem. Ibi decima le- bant. Quibus nuntiatis Csfar, quum quiei- 

gio per legatos ei gratias egere; at cxters cere cerneret Gerrnanos, optimum f;i£tu ra- 

legiones infeftatJe funt duces fuos, animo- tus eft, ut cum torpentibus potius confligc- 

rumque & alacritatis pleni eum omnes mul- ret, quam illorum exfpcdans tempora dcfi- 

torum dierum viam funt fequuti, quoad vi- deret. Itaque munimentis eorum &C tumu- 

ginti quinque millibus pafiuum ab hoftibus lis oppugnandis, quibus confederant, lacefTi- 

caftra pofuere. Fuit Ariovifti ob hunc ip- vit irritavitque eos, ut cum furore ad dimi- 

fumadventumnonnihil infrafta ferocia. Quip- candum defcenderent. Fufos ingenti ftragc 

pe impreflionem Romanorum in Germanos, triginta feptem millia quingentos pafTus ufque 

quorum non videbantur fubftituri incurfum, ad Rhenura infequutus, campum hunc cada- 

quia non exfpefiraverat , Casfaris obftupuit veribus 6c fpoliis totum complevit. Ario- 

audaciam, & obtorpefcentem exercitum vi- viftus prxcepta fuga Rhcnum cum pau- 

dit. Magis infuper vaticinia percellebant il- cis trajccit. Cecidifle dicuntur oftoginta mil- 

los fatiloquarum mulierum, quas amnium vor- lia. 

ticibus infpeftis rivorumque gyris & ftrepiti- His patratis exercitum reliquit in Sequanis 

bus notatis futura prxcinebant. Ha: figna hybernaturum, ac rebus urbanis intentus, in 

conferre antequam illuxiflet nova luna veta- Galliam circumpadanam, qu£e provincix erat 

VoL. IV. Q. fux, 



122 K A I S A P. 

TaXoLTtoLV mTi^Yii -^ cuji^ Mof^r)g iTrct^-x^lag ^(tclv. o y:> mX^ifjii- 
f©^ 'PaCikwv TtoTdfJLog ^stio t' vzff^ Tcug 'AATrgcrt KsArwJ)? oe^l^ei tIw 
OLhhlw 'iTCLhioLV. q^Hguu^ol KCL^r\f^j(^ hS^nfj.o.yodyei, tcoTkAuv Tr^g cwtov 
ct<piKViiiBp(idVy hS^^g &v tm<5-&' ^inB-m' k^ TrctvJag ^^TTifjLTrm, tol fjSfj 
iX^^vloLg n(h ttol^' dujtQj tol q iKni^oylag. -^ a^b^ tov oLTkKov q Trai^a ^ 
^^TeioLg X^^^^ khoiv^oLVi tov UoibLTrniov cv fjLi^ei vtw fjSp tbV TroT^ifjLiag 
Tolg Tro^ii^ oTThoig mTOL?-^i(pof^(^j viw q Tolg >cto Tm 7to7\ifJLm xi^- 

fJLCKTlV OUe,SlV TbV TTOXiTOLg >^ X^^^!^^' ^^^^ 3 BgA^Ct? W«0"g (^tWOLTOdTOi- 
T»? KgAT6)V, K^ tIw Te/Tlw oiTTOL^mg "^ KgATW VSfJLOf^Viig, dCpig-OLVCUy 

7ro7\?\OLg a TiVOLg fjjve/oiiScLg ho7r7\(>^v dvS^odv «^-^woVct?, cBig-^i-^oLg ^~ 
5vg Ix^^^ TOLX^ 7ro7\7\co' k^ TrofO^crt t»V crvfjL^oLxng ToLhoLTOLg cBi7ri(T(idV 
Tolg 7ro7\ifj.ioig, T^g fBf oL^^a^^oLTag v^ 7rA«V«? cd<^^Sig dyctiVicroLf^iig t^s- 
'^dfjSif^ (^ii(p^ei^iV, &)Vg J^ 7\ifivoLg kou ^roTOLfjL^g (^oLS-fig To^ig 'Voificuoig 

HK^OdV 7l7\Yt^ei ^^i^.T^^g -^gc^. TtiiV <^' ^K^^^dvloiV, ol fjSp ^TOL^OdKidviOi Tcdv- 

Tig dfxax^ Tre^cnx^?^^^^' <^ ^^'^ dyeJLOdTdTng k^ fmx^fJLCi^TdTiig t&v 
Tvih ^i^^iag h^^TSjcnv, omi^ dg (TVfjLfj.iyeig i^^vfx^g mTc^KYifj^oi, «^g. 
dg 3 K^ KiYKTetg h Tivi (^v^co -;? ijAYtg d^rciiTdTOd S-ifjSpoi t£v 7ro7\ifiiodVy 
cmjTo) TW Kcu(raeA 7roi>if^od x^^^^^ol^ "^f^"^ 7rp^(ThxofJ^(^ TlwiKoutjTCLTUv 
fj,dx^-> i^cLKi^TfjjveAoi To 7{7\Y)^(^ ovlig, cii^pviS^iodg 7re$(Ti7ri(Tof Kj Tiig p9p 

iTTTrfig iT^i^^OLVTO, TObV Q TCXr/fxdTObV- TO (^OdhKOLTOV Kj TO K(^OfJ.OV mtl- 
yo^iC, dTfOLvloLg dlTiKieiVOLV TbV TOL^^ld^X"^^' "' 6 l^'^ KcU(TOL^ d^7id(TCJLg TOV 

^v^iov, )Lj i^ioL^c^v T«V Tfej cuutS fj.oLXOfJ^iig, CJDt^cOLT^i Toig (^0L^<^de^ig, 

fuse, contendit: fiquidem amnis Rubico ap- naviter proeliantium fudit fugavitque, ut pa- 

pellatus dirimit a Gallia cifalpina reliquam ludes &c alta fiumina ob cadaverum vim per- 

Italiam. Ibi fedens animos hominum cap- mearcnt Romani. Ex iis autera qui defece- 

tabat, confluebantque ad eum frequentes. rant, Occani accol^ fme certamine deditio- 

Largiebatur autem qux. quifque poftulabat. ncm fecere : in ferociffimos & bcllicofiffimos 

Dimittebat omnes partim muneribus, partim Belgarum Nervios exercitum movit. H» 

fpe impktosi ac reliquo toto belli tempo- denfas incolentes fylvas, liberis & pofTeffi- 

re, imprudente Pompeio invicem hinc civi- onibus in valliffima fylvse parte quam re- 

um armis hoftes domuit, hinc hoftium opi- motiffime ab hofte abditis, caftra muni- 

buscaptavit & fibi fubcgit cives.Ut veroBel- entem Ca;farem, nec pugnara id temporis 

gas audivit Gallorum poUentiffimos, totiufque exfpeftantem , fexaginta millia nuraero ex- 

Galliae tertiam fortitos partem rebellare, at- improvifo invaferunt, equitatum ejus pro-- 

que eos armatcrum infinitas cocgifle copias, fligavemnt, legionis duodecimae Sc fcptimx 

confeftim convenit fe eo incredibili cela-i- circumventse omnes centuriones occidere, 

t;0tc, 6c focios Gallos populantibus fuperve- Quod ni Caefar rapto fcuto erumpens per 

jiiens haftibus, maximura eorum globum ig- principes m barbaros irruiflet, atqus ex 

ver- 



K A I S A P. 123 

•vj/g Tcig Toi^ei^ TOdV TroMfJiiodV) H^ei? <xv S^om (Ztfe^-^fjus^^. viw o rw KiwVa- 
^(^ roA/ttw tIuij Myofj^luu vm^ S^wuctfxiv fJidix^ ciymi(rctfj9iJoi, T^iTrov^ 
fj^ »(^' 6dV raV Ng^€t'«?, KdTOLKOTfiiiG-i oifjLiwo^ag. Tnvlouo^rioi -)§ )k^ 
fjLvez-d^diV l^ (TCidB-lwcu Agyo:Q, ^aA^^roM i) r^«? ^^73 rgr^;coo-<&)y. 

TCWTOL Yi CrvfKMT^ TTvB-OlJ^nj TfivJiKOUi^iKOL YlfJLi^g k^^Yi^PlG-OLTO B-VetV 

Toig Qioigj >9 ^o?\oL^etv h^Tci^ovlctg-, ocrcLg W HhfJLLcL vtKn Tr^Te^v. j^ y> 

kIv(^VV(^ k^OLVy) (JLiyOLg-, iS-VOdV OLfJLOL TO(riiTCt)V OLVOLJlpOL^^^TO^Vj itj TO viKY\fJLOL 

T^f^Tc^Ti^oVi oTt Kou(roL^ !w vik£v, n TT^g ineivov <9jvoidl t&v 7ro7\Kodv 
iTToiet. >^ ^ oujTog iv 3-ifAp(^ tol k^ tIw FaAoLTiaVj TTOLAtv cv Tolg (^^ 

Ha.c^OV X^^^^'^ (^tiX^f^^^^i (TV(TK^OlI^C)^(^ tIw TTO Aif . » ^ fJLOVOV 01 

Toig dQyig fS^/ysAAovlg? ojteifw p/^&)fx^oi ^^t^o^nyw, j^ T(jig Tra^ aKeivd 
Xsy\fJiCi.<Tt i'toL(p^ei^.v]ig tov <SSifjLov dvnyo^<^ov]o, >c, tiuv in^Tlov tIuj 

CMeiVa ^WUaLfJLtV OUU^^etV lfJLi7<hi.V, OLKKcL Jt^ T<Sv cJ^(pOLVi9CLT0i)V olV(^^OdV }^ 

fJLeyi^odv oi Trhei^oi (rvvrihB-ov n^g clvtov eig AQkolv, HofjLTrmog rs k^ K^V- 

(T^, K) "A7r7rt(^ T' HOL^S^OV©-' YiyifJ^OdV, K^ Ng7r&)? -^ 'l^neJLOLg dv^VTUCL- 

t(^' mTi '^(L^^-6X)^g \B^ iKoLTov eiKO(rt '^iSrou, (Tv^KMTtK^g Q n^AovoLg n 
^toLKO(ribg. (liiKluj q B-i}^oi i^tiKejLBmaLV. oBn TbTotg li^ei HofjLTimv f^ Kj 
K^oTov vndTng ^k^S^etx^ljdjou, KoticroLejL q x^^M-'^'^^ ^ TTivloLiTioLV dxhlw 
cBif/.iT^Y\3-Lujou '^ s-^TnyioLg' o Kj csf^KoycdTOLTov iCpouviTo Tolg viv iX^~ 
ctv. ol y) T0(roLVTOL ;^f»i|«.otrct cw^^ Kcu<ra§(^ hafJL^dvovlig, cdg a;t ix°^'^ 

vertice montis duodecima legio ad peri- lia circumpadana hybernavit aucupans civita- 

■culuni ejus decurrilTet ac diilipaflet hoftium tem. Neque enira candidati modo, qui il- 

ordines, neminem apparebat fuperfuturura lum habebant prsbitorem, redimebantque ac- 

fuifle. Nunc quamvis ob Csefaris audaciam cepta ab eo pecunia populi fuflPragia, defio-- 

contenderunt in hoc confliftu fupra vires, nabantur, atque omnia ad opes ampHficandas 

ne fic quidem avertere Nervios, fed pug- illius agebant, verura etiam ex clariflimis &: 

nantes contrucidavere. Siquidem ex fexagin- fummis viris Lucam plerique ad eum con- 

ta raillibus ferunt quingentos tantum inco- venere, Pompeius, CrafTus, Sardinite prnstor 

lumes evafifie, & fenatores ex quadringentis Appius, &c Nepos Hilpanise proc^ful. Fu- 

tres. ere li6tores illic centum viginti ^T^i 



enatores 



His fenatus nuntiatis in dies quindecim, ampUus ducenti. Poftquam confultationem 

quot ob nullam ante viftoriam, fupplicatio- tranfegerunt, digreftl funt. Convenit ibi, ut 

nem decrevit. Nam 8c periculum vidcbatur Pompcius & Craftus confules fierent.Hi Cx- 

ingens tot fimul cpnfpirantibus gentibus : & fari ftipendium, atquein alterum quinqucnni- 

viftoriam clariorem, quod viftor efl^et Cxfar, um provinciam fuam dccernerent. Quae res 

favor efficiebat in illum plebis. Etenim Cae- vifa fanis abfurdiflima eft. Qiiippequi tantum 

far rebus in Gallia compofitisj iterum in Gal- argenti capiebant a Cxlare, hi fenatui ut quafi 

Q i in- 



124 K A I S A P. 

^iJ^cvcti tIw (l^xhjo iTTetS-ov, fjLoXKov Q nvcLfmt^pv cJhg-iva^roLV oig i'^'n(pl(!^QV-' 
TOj Ka.T(tiv<^ ^ a Trct^vJ^' cBiTnhg y) cwtov eig Kvtt^v oiTTi^ioTfofju- 
TTwcLvJo' ^ctmia o, o? Uv (^«A&)t«V KcLTCdy(B-', ag aJ^gi; kTfi^ouviV cLvliXi- ' 
yoav, cJ^ahMfjSfii (^ici B-v^m ^ (2>o£v]^ eig to 7rAJiid(^. ctAAct 7fp^(rei- 
XiViiS^eig, T^ fjS{j UojULTrmv cuS^nf^cdV k^ K^otoV oi q 7rA«9o*, Kom- 
cr«g/ ;^cte4(j3i(4;oi, k^ TT^g Toig anf cMava IjSvleg iKmi^cLg j^Vt^^^^^ctiJji/. 
Tg^TTOjW^©^ a^3-i? Kouu-cL^ Sm Tctg qjv tm KsAtww J^ujuoLfjLeig, tto- 

"KWU KOLTaT^OLfjL^OLVet TroMjilOV CV TM X^^^y ^'^ Ti^fJLOLVimV sQvOdV fJLiyOL-- 

A&)f cJ^ }coLTOLKln(rei yrig ol^ti tov 'FIwov c^ioL^i^moTOdv, Ovo-iirag mhQ^rt 
T«V iTi^ag, TaV o TevleejLf^ag. ^Ztfei q -^ tt^^V TaVa? '§^ot£{jng fLcixng o 
f^ Kcu(ra§ bt Tcug gcpn^ge^Vi yiy^(piv, cdg oi (ioL^^a^i J**ct7r^g(r^<lio- 
fjSfJoi TT^og ouuTov QJf ojjov^oug, Sh,^oiv\o xad' o^ov, v^ ^io. tSto T^i^^ouvJo 
T«V cuutS 7{iv\an<^i7\iiig ovlag iTTTreig oKlaKo^rioig Tolg cjKeivm fjLn if^d^o- 
v,S>v\ag' eiTa TTifjL^^etav 'iTi^ag Tt^og ouutov cuuS-ig S^anaT^Tag, ^g KaTa- 
(Txo^v iTrayayoiTo Tolg (^a^^oL^ig to <^^T^fJLa, tIw Tr^og ^TO^g dTti^ag 
v^ (^^ujjov^-dg Tri^g-iv, /^nSeiav ny^ii^^' Tavv(Ti<^ Agy«, KdTCx^va, -^ 
|S«Ah? (fm T« viKn -^n^pi^oi^fjng to^Toig j^ B-v^riag, ^^(pnvaSi^ yvodfjLlw, 
(idg QAii^oTiov W) Tov Kcu(ra^ Tolg ^a^^oi^ig, cL(po(riiifM/jiig to a^'.ajjov- 
h\fJLa vTTi^ -^ 'KoXiobg, >t, ThSj d^v eig tov cutiov T^iTTovJag. T^if q i\a^dv- 
TQiV, cu fj8p KaTaKoneicrcu Tio^oi^Kovla fAve^dS^ig wav' ohiyng q T^g 
)kT07ti^(rav\ag cuuS-ig vTrsS^i^avJo 'Eiiyaf^^^oi, T€^f/.aviKov i^v(^. j^ Tav- 

tIw 

inopi daret, confulebant, immo vero com- confliftu cum his comsniflb fcribit in com- 

pellebant fuis ingemifcentem decretis. Quip- mentariis Ctefar, barbaros miflis ad fe le- 

pe Cato abfens erat, quem commodum able- gatis ex itinere fe pcr inducias adortos, 

gaverant in Cyprum. Favonius vero, qui £e- ita equitatum fuum ad quinque millia oc- 

mulus erat Catonis, ubi nihil profecit con- tingentis ipforum pepulifle. Inde alios de- 

tradicendo, foras profihens ad plebem voci- nuo impofturte caufa legafle. Quibus com- 

feratus eft. At furds omnium erant aures, prehenfis exercitum fe in barbaros duxifl^e, 

quod pars Pompeii & Crafli verecundiam ha- fidem fervare cum tam perfidis & foedifra- 

berent, j^rique vero infervientes Csefari at- gis amentiam ratus. Canufius Catonem nar- 

que ex fpe ab illo propofita tanquam vitam rat decernente viftorias caufa fuppHcationem 

ipfim duccntes conquiefcerent. fenatu pro fententia dixifle, Casfarem bar- 

Porro regrcfllis Caelar in Galliam ad exer- baris dedendum ad expiandam a violato jure 

citum, ofit;ndit ibi ingens bellum. Gentes gentium civitatem, & ad piaculum in autorem 

enim Germanorum dua; numerofce Rhenum vertendum. Ca;fi ex illis qui Rhenum tranf- 

modo ad agrum petendum tranfierant, alteros ierant quudringenta millia. Paucosex fuga re- 

Ufipetes, Tcnchteros alteros vocant. De verfos Sicambri gens Gerraanica recepere. Hoc 

arrepto 



K A I S A P. I2S 

tIw Kd^^o^v cuTioLV TT^og ctJraV o Kcu(rci^, (x7<h(idg o S^o^ing l(pii{^^ j^ tQ 

7re&)T(^ dv^^O^TTbiV fg^TZJ^ ^lCL^luJOU TOV ''PtwOV, hysCpV^H 7r7^CtT(^ Tl TTO- 

7\.tw ovloL, )9 x-ctT c/aeivo tS Tro^a jULoiAi^TOL TrT^YJiuLfjLv^SvJa, ii, t^x^ ^ P^- 
6)7«, K) ToHg mToL(p€^o^oig sih^ix^di ^ ^v7\oig TrXYiyctg k^ (mct^.yfx^g 
ai^i^Qv]oL K^ T^ i^Mvlft^v tIw yi(pv^v. aAAct tolvtcl ir^o^oKoig ^vXctiV 
uiyoLAodV S^iii T» TToe,^ mTOLTTimyoTm dvcthxoi^'^-) '^ yoLTkuc^dctg to 
TTPoGTriTfJov jiSju.oL tJ ^djyfxoLTh TTi^ictig 7roL(nDg B-ictfjLOL K.^eiTlov i-Kl^^^CL- 

TO, tIw yi(pv^V ifli^OUg ^im (TVUlJTi7KiSrii(rOLV. 

Tli§CU6d(rOLg Q t!w (^UJUOLIUHV , nhvog VTfOLvllOL^roU T07\fJLY\(TCL\i\(^, OL7\Xoi 

Kou "Pi^ iyifjLovimTctTOiV ra T^fJLOLVi^iQ ^nn^cCdV eig (ioLB-eig kdu v7m- 

Shg OLVACOVOLg 0iV0L(TKSj0L(r0LlJC^CdV, TTV^TTOh.WOLg (u6^J tIw tSiV 7t07\ifJLi(idVi B-OLJl- 

pujuoLg T«V ot« Toi 'VcdfjLai(t>v cl(mcJLl^oiB^\ig-> dvix^^^^^^ oLvB-ig dg tIw 
ToL7.oLTioLV, ei)iO(rk (^elv h^icroLg YifLi^g cm tm Tie,fJLOLvm ^ioLTiTejL^po^g. » 

3 (^ T^g B^iTOLV^g <g-^TeioL tIuJ f/9/J T07\fJLCtV ^XiV OVOfJLOLg-luJ. 7r^(0T(^ 

•y^ eig Tov gczzrse/ov 'Q.KioLVov gTre^w <^o7\ct>, ^ (^ioi t" ' ATKoL\i]i<^(^ Bol7\olT' 

TY\g T^TOV qJ^ 7i07\ifJL0V KOfJLi^OHV i7i7\^(Ti' V^ VYKTOV 0L7rkg-'dfJ^lw Vm fJLi- 

yi^'dg, Kj 7ro7Q\nv ttf-v 7roLfjL7ro7\7\oig o-vfy^(p^(ri a^^^TX^^ctv, &)V ovofKJL 

JL 7\oy(^ a ^OfLiVYig iiS\ «0"«? TTiTrXOL^OU, KOLTOLG-XetV cJ7n^im{j(^ ■, 7V^0(T- 

Yiycfjlp i^od 7" ol^cdfimg tyiv 'VcdfJLcuodV YiyifjLovicLV. J^W (^ioL7r7^.<^(TOLg eig 
T^v VYi(Tov m T' dvliTri^g ToLhOLTictg, •^ fjccixct^-g 7to7\7\(xig KoLm^Tag t«V 

TTOAejUlWj fLOL7\7\0V Y) Tii? tJ^/b!? Cd(pi7\'^(T0Lg ( ii(^\v ^ 0, Ti Jt, AoL^^eiV Iw 

a^iov 

ai-repto contra eos prxtextu Caefar, revera fidifque fociis populi Romani confirmatis, 

glorix cupidus, atque ut primus mortalium poftquam duodeviginti dies inGermania egit, 

exercitu Rhenum traduceret, amnem ponte in Galliam eft rcgrefllis. At cxpeditio ejus in 

junxit qua latiffimum, qui eo in trajeftu latif- Britanniam nobilis fuit audacise. Primusenim 

fime diffundit fe,afperque eft 8ctorrens,trun- claffem Oceano occideniali induxit,accitoque 

cifque & materia, quae devehebat, concutie- per mare Atlanticum exercitu ad bellum ibi 

bat atque convellcbat pontis fulcimenta. Ve- faciendum navigavic. Illam autem quam mag- 

rum haec fublicis ingentibus projeftis ac me- nitudinis caufa credebat infiilam nemo, &qu« 

dio flumine defixis excipiens, irruentemque prxbuit fcriptoribus permultiscontroverfiam, 

m pontem undarum impetum leniens, quod quafi nomen tantum & fabula nufqiaam vifs; 

excederet omnem fidem oftendit fpectacu- neque exiftentis fifta eflTet, fubigere aggreflus, 

lum, diebus decem pontem abfolutum. promovit extra orbem terrae Romanum im- 

Tranfmiflb exercitu quum occurrere fufti- perium. Bis in hanc infulam ex oppofita 

neret nemo, fed etiam rccepifl"ent fe virtute tranfmifit GaUia, ciebrifque proehis fatigavit 

prsftanciflimi Germanorum Suevi in conval- hoftes magis quam fuos locupletavit. Qimm 

les altas & fylveftres, foedatis hoftiam agiis, enica praedam, quas operae pretium eflet, ab 

homi- 



12(5 K A I S A P. 

d^iov ciTC cLv^^odTTOi») KdKQ^oim iij TTmTOiv) is;^ Qiov i^^Mro 15J TroKifJLd^ 
Ti7\(^ km^miVy dKh oyuf^e^^^Q Aa^&)i/ c^^ tQ ^cL(T^Xm, k^ rajot^^^ 
(po^ag, dmhhv i'A t' t/wVa. 3^ >{.ciiTCL'hci{X.^civei y^^fjLciTcL (^ih^.ovjct cJ^tct-. 
TTAeiv TT^g cwTov, >W T^ ov 'PwVm (|)<A&)|/, <^«Aai/7a r^' -^ S-vyoLT^g 
cwtS Tih^ThuiJ' TihSjTO, Ti}ilii<Ta rt^' no;t/.7r«/6). >^ ^sy^ A^' <3i^VoV 
go^/g rio/ATrmoi', jUgyct KcwVct^ TTivd^' 01 o (ptAoi o-uveTct.^x^^^<^^y ^V 
•5? c^/ d^lwv\ iL o/jLovoia. ToiKKcL vo^tSg^olv tUv TTQAiTeiav (pv7\cL0JkicrYig olmo^ 
TYiT^^ MAvfBpm. K^ '^ To fh{i(p(^ Sj^vg, 8 TTohhdg rifMi^g ^ t!w fjLn- 

Ti^ S^^OLljidCJLVj STih^TYKTiV. tIw f^ 'lnhioLV (iict T^ hfJid^X^dV d^fjSfOV 

To TfM^f^ elg To 'A^etov mfiLi in^iov-, KciKei KnJ^ii>^ei(TcL KetTou. 

TQ q Kcu(rcL^(^ fjLiydhlw y]^ t!w iwucLfiiv >d(TCLV elg TToKhd kqlt 
dvdfKlw ;^«^ctJ^ict cTigAo^v]©-', cujtQ q tt^V tIw 'iTcthicLV, ^cmi^ eic^B-eiy 
T^TToi^^ii, TfdvJoi ij8{j cw^ig dvif^nyvvTo m T^YcLhd^i ;^ <g-^TQ\ fjLi- 
ydhoi (^'ioOJig, SiiKOTvlov m x^^^^^^) "^ 7r^(Tifj.dxov]o Tolg x'^^'^^- 
fjLaTi Tolg 'VoiifJLaloiiV. ol o Trhei^oi k^ K^n^oi t^^ diro^dvlodv fJ^ 'A^ej^o^n- 
y(^ Korlcti/ fJ^J oujt^ s-^T07ri<^ct) iij Tnyve/ov M(p^ei^v' to q •ura Ki- 
Ki^odVi rdyfJLci fJLve^ddiV g^ c^i^ovlig iTToKio^KiiV:, Kj f/.iK^v dwihiTtov n^n- 
Kivou K^ koi^.t(^-> (rtWTiT^(e)^0)V dndvldiv, )^ o^^ (^twoLfjLiV \sm TT^B-V- 
fjLiag dfJLUJLiQfj^odv, wV nfyiM TouuTa iw Kou(rae/ fxaK^v oVn, TaxiCtig 
Sh^^^i^^ag v^ (Tujuayayodv i7f]aKi(TX^^i>^? T^g (rvfxvravJagj meiyiTo tov Ki- 
Ki^(^va T' Ttohio^Kiag Qj^cu§n(Toi^(^. raV o Trohio^KSvlag hk 'ihaB-iVy dhh 

dTrliiu- 

hominibus duram vitam agentibus egenifque multitudinem divififlet necefTario in multa 

non polTet parare, non qualem cupiebat exi- hyberna, atque Italiam fuo more petivifTet, 

tum bello impofuit, fed obfidibus a rege ac- omnis de integro conflagravit bello Gallia. 

ceptis, impofitoque tributo exceflk infula. Ingentes excrcitus circumvolitantcs hyberna 

Tunc literas offendit ab urbanis amicis mif- iverunt excifum & adoiti funt caftra Roma- 

fas, quse ad eum tranfmittendae erant. Ex his na. Maxima manus & validiflima rebellanti- 

de morte filia: cognofcit. Extin£la fuit apud um duce Ambiorige Cottam & Titurium 

Pompeium ex partu : magnufque ipfum Pom- cum exercitu delevere. Legionem, cui Qr 

peium, magnus Ctefarem occupavit luftus. Cicero prxerat, fexaginta millibus militum 

Amici vero eorum fimul exanimatifunt,quod arfte obfederunt oppugnaveruntque, fauciif- 

qus in pace & concordia segrotantem alias que omnibus atque animi alacritate magis 

continebat rcmpub. eflct retexta neceflltudo. quam viribus propugnantibus pene expugna- 

Etenim partus mox non multis diebus matri verunt. His allatis, agens Ctefir in lonpin- 

fuperlles decefllt. JuHam invitis tribunis po- quis raptim eo fe convertit, contraftifque 

pulus in campum Martium extulit, ubi fune- in totum feptem miUibus militum accelera- 

rata 6c humata efl:. vit ad eximendum obfidione Ciceronem.Non 

At quum C^ftr exercitum ob nimiamjam fefellit obfidentes, fed contempta Romano- 



rum 



K A I S A P. 127 

dMrm 6»V elvoi^7ra.(rQfjS^oij -^ oXtyoTWT^^ mTU(p^vri<ravJi?. zcimv(^ 
cJ^dTroi^S vTTi^p^jj^ ct«, J^ ;^&)eict Aa^w»; cBiTMag ix^vla tt^? ttqK- 
A»V fJLcixoi^(^ /^^t' oAtV&Jfj ^e^V^^^D $-e^T07rgJ^ot/* J9 itzct;^n? gcr;\^£ tj^V 
iofTa 7ra(r«?, dvctycty^v o TOf XH^"^^ i '^^^ TTvAcLg civQiKQ(^of^ei-v ccg 
hhi)iQTa.g hdSmtii mTOL<p^VYiB-nvcu ^^ctTnyo^v. ^Axw a otjq^JIw 
\2s^ 3-^(rHg ^(xKhQvlcLg lni^i7\3(£>v ST^i-^arQ, kcu TroAAaV ct«;W «^*s- 

TaTo TctV nQ70\(xg ^c^fotVfi? T(i)'i' c^ouj^a TaAaTcov mTi<^o^&(ri, j^ t^ 
;:^«f>(5fJ(^ arJToV c^<?5otTft)'f ts 7rai/1(X;:^oV2 Kj 7r^(rs;^(i)i/ oJg&)? Tolg viOdTS- 
tKTiiiQlg- ^ ^ m^v c^ 'lTa7\iag olvt) Tm ^WoAaAoVfflv avTW Tgiot TciyfjLa- 
ra^, TlQyLTrm f^ ^ tcov J(p' avi^ S^vq ;:^^JiVai/'](^, gi/ 3 VfQG-v7\?\ix]ov cal 
•^ a^ Uct.(^ov YaXaTiag. Trojijxti o TiiTCdV, cu ttolAcu mTa^i^T^n^ivou ^v- 

(pa K^ VilULOfJ^OU (^ioi t£v <^VUUaT(idTOLT0i)V OLVi^^OdV h Tolg /LtaXil^OiiTOLTOig 

'^iG-iv d^x^ "^^ ibLiyi?^ ^ nvS^MJCt^h^cLTii Tm qmh iTQ7\ifjL())v dvipcuvovJo, 
hod^eidcu TToAAw fjSp MAtxict >9 vravlaxQ^iV 07r7\Qig dB-^i^ei(7i, ^iyaKoig 
Q TrAaVoi? dg TouuTo (rwumx^^^^v, Wxv^oug 3 7ro7\.s(n, S^vcTifx^oXoig q x^- 
^oug. TOTi x^^P^^ ^'??> Trdyoig TTOTayi^ j^ vKpiTolg '^'/.in^vfAfMiJQi 
i^evfJLoh >9 TTiS^ia x^f^^y^'^^'' <^7\iKiiiiva(ri^a, k^ yrn fi>{j dTiKjULa^TOi 
(idS-ci ;^<oi/©-' dT^avro), Tryi q (^i' gAwi/ j^ '^(^fjLaTC^v cz^T^iTrofjS^odv daa- 
<Peict 7ro7\?Sj -^ Tro^eiag' ^ravld^racriv '^^okhv dvi^rix^i^Yira Y^ouaatJL Ta 
•^ dpi<^aiBpodV Tfoifiv. dpei^met fjSp ^v 7ro7\7^d pvAaj 7T^(Txy]fJL0L (^ 

Yi(rav 

rum paucitate proceflerunt obviam quafieum novella fuit in Gallia circumpadana confcrip- 

obtrituri. Ille ludificans eos cedit perpetuo, ta. Interini in locis longinquis feminata in 

dutn loca idonea pugnanti paucis contramul- occulto 8c ferpentiaper potentiffimos bellico- 

tos occupat. Ibi caftra munit, fiios omni fiffimis in gentibus viros principia eruperunc 

pugna abftinet: vallum altius educi, portas belli omnium iliic maximi periculofiOimique, 

obftrui timoris fimulatione imperat, id a- ir^agno juventutis flore fuccinfta, armis un- 

gens ut contemnantur fui, quoufque ca- dique contradtis, collata in communi ingen- 

ftra difperfa ex ferocia ponentes infefto ex- ti pecunia, validis oppidis & oppugnaca 

ercitu adortus fudit 8c magna ex partc dele- difficilibus locis: tunc tempeftate brumali 

vit. flumina congelata, obteftas nive fylvit, tor- 

Hoc Gallorum defeftiones illic magna ex rentibus ftagnantes campi, hinc altitudine 

parte compreffit, atque ipfe liyeme circum- nivis oculos fallentes femita;, hinc per pa- 

quaque obiens acriterque res novas molienti- ludes 6c flumina fuper ripas effufa admo- 

bus intendens. Ad hxc ex Italia in locum dum ccecae vise, nullum prorfus videbantur 

amiffiarum venerunt ad eum tres legiones. aggrediendi rebelles relinquere Cazfari locum. 

Commodavit ei de fuis Pompeius duas, tertia Nationes defciverant multae. Summa autori- 

tas 



128 K A I S A P. 

yKToLV 'A^^ivvoi, J^ Kct^!/»r<V(3{. TQ a-vfjLTroM cu^iS-eig k^t^ «;^g tQ TToXi- 
/LLii O Jg§"^Toe/§, ^ Tov TrcLTi^ TahcLTou Tv^vvit^cL SoK^vlct TT^TleiV cim~ 

KJeiVOLV. 

OvT^ ai/ elg TToAAct J*igA&)V tIw ^twct(J.iv fJLi^y jj TroKK^g c^$-«Vot? 
«yg;U.oj/ci?j tdm^TQ tIw m^^ cincL(rcLV ciyp' '^ tt^^V Tof 'KS^ti-cLv pcgxAt- 
f^Uiijr cfictfobju^©^ «cl^n -T^ c^; 'P<w^« (rwuig-cLiM{JCdV c)m Koug-cl^, (rvfjL- 
7va(rcLV eyei^eiv tw 7roAs,c66) TaAaTiccv. om^ et fjLiK^v v<Ti^v eV^^g, Kom- 

G"a^(^ «? TOV 2jUL(pv?\lOV IfJLTlidOvl^^ TTOTxifXOV:, ^K dv iXcLO^Ti^l, T^ KlfJL- 

^tL^m cjneivotiv (po^oi tIw 'ItclXiolv KOLTt^rx^^v. yiw\ q o Trao-f [^ oieA^^ct 
X^^^ <^o>c6oi/ To^ig ir^g no7\ifj,ov-, fJLCLKi^OL j kou^c^ 7Fi(pvKCdg Kou(rcL^, cLfx.cjL 

l4 TTV^ii^ tIuU ^k^S^OL^TlV, OL^g ^X^^^ "^^^ OUJTCUg O^olg CtV c^i^AOg* Kj 

^icL K^ Tckx^^ ^ TTo^eiOLg S^id to^t^th x^lW^ cBi^ei^0Lfy)(^ Tolg (^ol^- 
^cL^ig, &)V OLfLcix^ ouuTolg ^ oLnT]t)T(^ iTTeidi ^^Tog. oTi-d y) aSyihov « 

y^fJLfjLOLTO<pO^OV S^LOL^VVDU TTOL^ OUUT^ Xi3^^^ TTOTkKC^ !w CtTTi^OV, C^OUjS-OL 

|w5 T^oLcrng lod^To -^ ^g^riot?, (Iillol x^^^^'^ hvfLouvo(ja{j(^ cuj'^^ -^ qmko-k- 

Tm TOL ;^&)(2iot, KOLTOLg-^i(pOfJ^(^ TTOKetg, oivOLKOLfL^CLVm T^V fLiTaTl^SfJLi- 
V^g' fJLiX6/ ^ TO '^ 'EdV&)V i^v(^ cJ^iTToMfjLC^^Y} TT^g OWTOV, O^ TQV (jiXhOV 

X^^^v dhh^p^g oLvayo^SjcravJeg avT^g 'l?cdf/.cucdv, j^ Ttf^LCOfjSfoi S^iaTr^e- 
•ji&g., TOT€ Tolg )>m90LTcug Tr^ocr^^ofjSfJoh TTohhlw Tn Kou<Ta^(^ s^^Tia 
<^i9n(rav ci^vfiiav. SiOTne ^ Kivn(rag cMetB-iVi v7rۤi<^aM tol AifyoviKcli 
jSaAof/S^©^ d^^a^ou t' '^iK^iav^v, (pihodv ovlodv k^ Tr^oKeif^cov t' 'Wahiag 

tas penes Arvernos 8c Carnutes erat : imperi- xit, impetuque ac celeritate itineris per tan- 

um omne detulerant ad Vercingentorigcm, tam hyemem oftendit barbaris inexfuperabi- 

cujus patrem, quod aflfeftat^ tyrannidis eiTet lem ipfos petere & invi£tum exercitum. Quo 

fufpeftus, interfecerant Galli. cnim nuntium aut tabellarium ab fe incredi- 

Hic in plures manus diffeftis copiis, mul- bile erat longo pofle fpatio penetrare, ibi 

tifque impofitis ducibus, regionem omnem cum cundlis confpiciebatur copiis, pariter 

circumjeftam, ufque ad eos qui vcrgunt ad agros eorum vexans, pr^fidia exfcindens, ur- 

Ararim amnem, inftitit adfcifcere, deliberans bes in poteftatem fubigens, recipiens tranfe- 

civitate Romana jam in Ca:farem confpirante untes, donec £c nomen Heduum dcclaravit 

omnem bcllo inflammare Galliam. Qiiod fi fe ei hoftem, quum ante fratres appellafl^ent 

paulo poft Csefare bello civiliimplicato hoc fe Hedui populi Romani, magnoque ho- 

inftituifl^et, terrores Cimbricis illis Italiam nore haberentur apud eum. Tunc vero re- 

nihilo invafifl^ent leviores. Nunc optime om- liquis fociati rebellibus magna trepidatione 

nibus ad bellum vifus, imprimis tempore doc- Csefaris exercitum perfudere. Qiiare motis 

tus Csfir uti, fimul atque defeftionem cog- inde caftris fines Lingonum fuperavir, quo 

novitj iifdem quibus profedus fucrat viis du- ad Sequanos focios ac pro Italia reliquaa 

Galliae 



K A I S A P. 129 

z^q tIw oihhlw TcO\a.Tia.v. h^av^ci o olvt^ '^ TroH^m cJhnidovlm-, ^ 
(^crxovim fjLveAcL(Ti ■KoKKoug-» o^fJLY^dag S^icLymi^cL^ou^ ToHg ^ 6i70\oig 
mTOLnoK^i^^ h^Tn(re, %?of« 7roAA&) ^9 (po^u> mTOL^iOL(TcL^(^ t«V ^ct^- 
^oi^ag' Uo^i o mT d^x^g ti j^ (r(pcL7\lwca, k^ S^aKvvacriv 'k^\^^lwo\ ^i<pi- 
(Tiov TT^og kf&) K^i^oii^oh &>V ^ Kaio-ctf©^ Aoicpv^ov. B-ioLcroif^^ olv- 
Tog v9i^ov, sfjLet^ioL(ri, Kj 'W (pi^o^v mB-ehHv KiK^ovlm, iin eioLcrev, k^ov 

YiyiifJ^'^- 

Ov fjLYiv olKXol TOTi 'P^ (^icL^pvyovJm ol 7r7\ei<^oi jULiToi tS ^cL(TO\ia>g «V 
%o7^v 'AXYKrioLV S^ii^pvyov, k^ ttoXio^kSvIi tolvtIw Kguctol^, S^okQ^tclv olvcl- 
"hmov Hvou fjLeyiS-ct ts Tetx^v y^ 7rA«0« '^ )><7izfj.oLxofjSiJOdv, oBiTriTflet ttolv- 
Tog Aoynf^Leil^m }iiv^tw(^ 'i^on^iv. '^nv h TahoLTict h^titov '^ 'P^hB-v£v 
dB-^otiriv O7r7\oig, yikov cBj ty)V 'Ahn^rioLV T^tcLKovloL fjjj^tcihg' cu ^' cm^ olvt^ 

't^^ fJLOLXOf^^^V ^K ihd-fiOVig Y\(TOLV iTrlcSLKCuhKOL fJ.vejLoii^m. Q)<^& CV fXiCTCdTTO- 
hifJUii TO(T^T>i TOV KcUCTOL^ KOLTetAY)fJLf^0V /^ 7rohlO^KiifjS{JOV, dvOL^koL^hcii 
h-Pid TeiXY) TT^O^OLXi^DU, TO f^ TT^Og TY)V TVOhtV, TO Q )>C73 T^ i7fi7\Y)7W- 

B-oTm, U)g, «' (Tiwihhotiv cu S^iLVcifjLetg, KOfjLtS^n StoL7ri7rP^yfj^m t&v Kcth 
avTov. hd 7roK7\oL fJ^ av eiKOTOdg 7r^og 'A7\Y\cTicL KtvS^iw^^ gV;:^g S^o^olv, 
cdg 'i^yoL To7\fj,Y)g »9 (^eiVoTnr^ oioL t&v oiK7\m dyc^vm ^S^eig a^^TxofJLi- 
i/(^' fLd7\t<^0L 3 dv Ttg B-OLUfLdcTeti to 7\0L^eiv TaV bt tm 7io7\et Kcu(Ta^oL 

TOCTOLVTCUg fW^tdcTl TOUg i^Cd CTVfJL^OL7\0v\oL K^ CS^^VOf^OV fJ.d7O\0V ^ K^ T&V 

VcdfjLcum T«V To 7r^og tw 7ro7\ei Teix^ (pv7\dT\ov\oLg. a 'yj vr^oTi^ov rj^ovJo 

Tfiv 

Galliae objeftos pervenirec. Ibi ingruentibus colIe£ti nationibus trecenta millia numero A- 

ei hoftibus atque innumera cingentibus mul- lexiam venere. Armati in urbe erant non in- 

titudine, geftiens acie decernere, cxteris rc- fra centum feptuaginta millia. Itaquein me- 

bus vicit, temporifque diuturnitate & metu dio tanti belli CiEfar deprehenfus obfeflufque 

fubaftos fudit fugavitque barbaros. At in duplicem murum objicere necefTe habuit, u- 

principio habitus eftnonnihilcefpitafle, often- num contra oppidum, alterum cx adverfo 

duntque Arverni fufpenfum in templo gladi- ilHs qui recens advenerant : qu£e fi vires con- 

um,quem de Csefare jaftant captum. Hunc ipfe jungerentur, omnino de Csefare putabatur ac- 

poftearifitquumconfpexifl*et, amicifquedetra- tum. Hoc ad Alexiam difcrimen multis de 

hieumjubentibusnonpermifit,facrumducens. caufis ci haud immerito gloriam tulit, quod 

At vero ex illis qui ex acie refugerant,ple- virtutis & confilii exempla ibi qualia certe 

rique cum rege receperunt fe in oppidum A- nullo alio ediderit certamine. Mirificum 

lexiam. Hanc circumfidenti Csefari, quamal- fuit autem imprimis, quod illos qui in op- 

titudine murorum 8c defenforum multitudine pido erant, latuerit conflixifle cum tot mil- 

apparebat efle inexpugnabilem, occurrit ex- libus Ca;farem, eofque fuperafle.-Sc vero ma- 

tra majus quam exprimi poflit periculum. gisquod fefelleritRomanos in ftatione pofitos 

Nam fortifllmi quique Galli^e ex omnibus obverfi oppido muri. Neque enim viftoriam 

VoL.IV. R prius 



130 K A I S A P. 

tIw vlylw, M )Chcw^{Jiov QM T' ' Ahy)(riGL<; oivS^^m k^ KOTfeTov ytwcumv owca- 

^luUCU, S-eOLG-aiJ^ddV (X^ kJ S-OLTi^ fjL^Y) TTOAAyV juS^u oL^yv^o) y^ X^^^ 
KiKO(rfjLY\iJ^iig ^yf£»V> tto AAaV i) ou(/.clti TTeCpv^tJ^iig S-o^^mgy In jj C4e- 
TTSdfjLoLTU Kj (TKlwoig ruT^oLTimg xW 'Fcd/uLOLim etg To ?-^T07r€!^ov aojLul^o- 
f^cLg. ar&)? o|g&)$- »5 TocroLUTYi i^tuuafjng^ ^a-m^ «J^wAov ^^ ova^Vy ri(pcLH<^o 
j^ d^iSTTgcl^o^WTo, tV 7i;Kei<F(i>v cv Tw iU.ct;:^;;;« 7rgo-oi^6Ji'. o/ q r/«) 'AAwo-joti' g;:t;oi/- 

T€?, iiK OhiyoL Tf^yfjLOLTOL (Z^^OvJeg iOUJTolg Kj KcUdOLejL, TSA©-' 7tOL^i^0(rOLV 

\ouL)T^g. 3 ra (rvfiTroLvJ^ nyifJid^v 7ioKifjL>i Ovt^^^Toe^^^ cLvaKct^d^v H^ 
o^hct}V Tcl ^cctAAtfct, )^ y.o(TfJun(rcLg jov 'ittttov, cJ^i7r7roL(raTO i^id i^o" 7j;vK^v' 

n^ KVKhCd fEtfei TOV KowVoe^ KOL^e^pi/JIJOV SKOLdOLg, eiTOL 0L(peK<ifjSf(^ t5 

'i7r7ni, tIw i^ 7roLvo7rKiav oi^rijijn-^iv, oLUTog q KaS-i(rag ^sm 7roS^ag t« 
Kcu(ra^(^ vKrvxioLV n^j^, ^X^ ^ ^ra^iS^oB-n (p§ii§Yi(roi^(^ cJm tov ^qA' 
afJL^ov. 

Kcjuaa^ TrdXou ^jS^ l^^iS^oKlo KaTaKvetv TloiLLmiov, oiojj^ oLfjLiKa 

KCtKHVCt) tStOV. K^OTH y) QV UoL^^Oig >^A&)AOT©-', oV YiV i(pi<^§<^ oLfJL- 
(poHVy OL7riKei7riT0 TW l^, VTTi^ tQ '^i^ fjLiyi<^(i^, TOV OVTa KaTahv- 

^v, tJ q, 'iva fjLYi 7roL^i} T^TO, 7T^avou^eiV ov sMoiKei. tQto ^ IlofjLmict) 
l^ cJi, oKiya (po^eiSrou 7ra^i<^yi, Tictig V7r^o^o)v}i Kcu(Ta^(^, 6jV a ;^ct- 
AsTToi/ i^yov , ov ouuTog nv^n(ri, KaTaKv^lwcu ttolKiv v7r' ouut^' Kcu(ra§ 
5\ oLTT oi^x^'' '"^^^^^^ touutIw 7ri7r0iY)[^(^ ClMl T^ OLvlayddVi^&V, CdCrWi^ 
d^KYiTYig, 'iOJUTov ^sjTo^nVct^ fJLUK^v Kcu ToHg KiKTiKolg WyvfxvacrdfjLi- 

V(^ TToKifMOig, l7tY)(TKY\(Ti f^ TYjV i^VVafJiiV, YlV^n^Ti Q TYjV <^O^aV )vj70 T^ 

i^y&)v, 

prius fenfere quam ejulatum ex oppido viro- des fe Caefaris reponens conticuit, dum in cu- 

rum , mulierumque exaudirent planftum , ftodiam ad triumphum eft datus. 

contemplantium aliis ex partibus multa auro Porro deliberatum jamdudum Cjefari erat 

& argento exornata fcuta, multas fanguine evertere Pompeium, ut huic fcilicet illum. 

imbutas loricas, ad haec pocula 8c tentoria Occifo enim apud Parthos Craflb, quem vic- 

Gallica, quae a Romanis deportabantur in ca- tor uterque habiruruj cflet adverfarium, reli- 

ftra. Tam brevi momento adeo immenfa ma- quum erat Cxfari, quo evaderet maximus, ut 

nus csfis in acie plerifque ficut fpe<Strum vel eum qui erat, proiligaret: illi ad id devitan- 

foranium evanuit & difTipata eft. Qui Alex- dum, ut anteverteret eum, quem formidabat, 

iam obtinebant, poilquam non parum nego- tollere. Id quidem Pompeio, qui Caefarem 

tii tam fibi quam Ciefari cxhibuere, tandem defpiciebat, parum tuncvifum timendum, per- 

venerunt in deditionem. Totius autem dux inde ac pronum eiTet, eum, ipfe quemevexe- 

belli Vercingentorixfumptis fpeciofiflimis ar- rat,rurfus deprimere. Ca;farvero,qui hocpro- 

mis, cukoque equo, exceffit urbe, Casfarem- pofitum a primo habuifletin adverfariis,velat 

que confidentem in orbcm circumveftus eft. athleta removit feprocul,bellifqueexercitatus 

Ablato inde et]uo arma abjecit, atque ad pe-. Gallicis copias acuit, gloriamque amplificavit 

rcbus 



K A I 2: A P. 151 

tpymj «V oivliTrotXov oi^B-ek Toig UofXTrm actTo^B-caibLctG-h T^ctfx^aivm tt^^ 
<poL(reigi tol? ijS{j clutS Ylo,unm-d, Tcig '^ >icu^&y bsh^ovlmi ;t, -^ cm; 
'P6)^M KOLKonohiTeiagy cTt' hx) oi f^ cl§x^^ f/.iTiov\ig, cv juio-a B-ifjSpoi 
T^T^i^oLgy it^im^ov clvcu^vvi(ii)g to, ttAwOw, aciTm 3 S^vifjL^B^ ifjLynSr©-, 
« -vj/ticpoi? v7i\^ T^ hi^ddx.oT^, cfcAAot TC^oig Y^ ^i(pi(ri j^ a-^pivS^ovcug djuuh" 
A&)|w^(^- oufxoLn >9 vi}i^lg iioTOKcLng ai^vvctvleg ro (2>ii/Ltot <hi}iejLB-y}(roLV, 
cv oLva^x^c^ tIuu no?\iv, &)Wsf ciKv^i^vnTov \:m(ps^f^lw ^sjroAtTrovlg?-* 
6)V« Tiig v5v tx^^vlctg oiyciTrizv ei n^g (xyi^v otVTolg x^O^ dKKa. fjLova^- 
xiav C4C ToioujTi)g c^S^cp^oQ-vvng ^ To^raTii xAuj^aii/©^ cMTn^reiTcu tol w^y- 
jULaTa. TToAAoi ri<rav oi k^ hiyeiv ov /^sVft) toA^ts? n\ vrhYiv \W fjto- 
va^X^ag oivriKi^ov elvou tyiv TroTxiTeiav-, v^ to (pa^fjtaKov tSto x^^'^ t^ 
TT^cioTOLTii T^ laT^£v oiva^TXi^ 7r^o(r(pi^oyl(^' vzsRjJ^i^xQvlsg tov UofjLTrmv, 
STTei kcIkMv©^ Koyct) czj^iTei<D^ Kah?^Ce>m^ofAp(^j l^yod Travlog fjLoiXhov 
iTti^ouviV qJ^ 5)V oivaS^eix^rKTOiTO J^iKlctTCd^, (TVfjL(p^ovY\(rav]ig oi c^ KoLTC^va, 
Trei^acri tyiv yi^a^riav vnaTov olutov ^ktoM^cu fjLovoVy (ag f/,n j^ict^rcuTO cTtx- 
TotT6Jf -^sc^, vofJLifjLCtiT^ci fxovaexi^ TTa^Yiyo^Yi^g. oi 3 ;^ x^^^^ g^j/nc^/- 
(ravlo 'Pi^ 27ra^x^ody. ^o o e^x^Vy 'l^Yiejiav Kj Ai^vhuu (rvfj.wa(raVi dg iic^- 
Ku 7r^i(r^SjTdg ^c^fsAAwi/, j^ <^pcf.TSofj.aTa T^i^pcdv, ok ehdfi^aviv qm t5 
^fjL0(Ti'6 Tafxein x^^^^ TotAavlct xad' 'Ua<^ov oMiouuTov. 

Ek TiiTH Kcu(raf> vTraTeiav \fjLvdTo TrifjLTrcdVy jc, ;:^^oj/ov ofioicdg t^ It^iodv 
iTfa^X^S^- "^^ ^ ^^ ^r^^Tov nofjLTrYiia (Tibi^roovJ^y oi (Z^ Md§u7\Mv ^ 

Aivl?^ov 

rebus geftisjunde in par decus fublatus eft Pom- rempub. effe, medicumque tolerandum, lianc 

peii rebus geftis. Pra:textus cepit, quos par- medicinam qui faceret, quam leniffimum, 

tim ei ipfe Pompeius, partim tempora pr£e- Pompeium fignificantes. Quod ille quum' 

buerunt ac Romanx reipublicie prava admi- averfari verbo fimularet, revera omni ope 

niftratio, qua honorum candidati pofitis in eniteretur, diftator ut diceretur, Cato, re 

medio menfis fine ullo rubore nundinabantur animadverfa, fuit fenatui autor ut eumfolum 

plebem. Defcendebat in campum mercena- faceret confulem, ne vi exprimeret di£tatu- 

riiis populus non fufFragiis pro praebitore, fed ram, dominatu placaius magis legitimo. Se- 

telis, gladiis, fundis decertans : identidem natus vero tempus infuper ei prorogavit pro- 

fanguine 6c cisde foedatis roftris dii-empti vinciarum. Duas obtincbat, Hifpaniam Sc 

fdnt, civitatem ad interregnum quafi fine Africam totam, quas per legatos regebat, 

gubernaculorelinquentesdelabentem :ut priE- atque exercitus ibi alebat: in quorum ftipeii- 

clare agi putarent fapientes, fi in malum quam dium accipiebat ex jerario per annos millc 

regnum refpub. non gravius ex tanta infania talenta. 

& tantis fluftibus evaderet. Multi erant, qui Inde Caefar per legatos confulatum petitSc 

etiam dicere publice non dubitarent, nifi fuarum item provinciarum prorogationem. 

furama rerum ad unum delata, deploratam Hic Pompeius primo tacuit : at Marcellus &c 

^ 2, Lcntulus 



132 K A I S A P. 

A^vJmv ^vavJ^QvJo, fjLi(T^v\ig ct'AA&)^ Yicd(Tct^ )^ Toig civctf}iouoig «ji oivcifKouci 

Tr^oa-TiS-ivJeg «V ctTifJLiciLV ojutQ ^ 7r^o7rn7^ciKi(rfj.ov. t^iomjULlTcig y^ ivafx^ 

TJ5TO Kcu(ra^(^ cv Tci7\ciTict KaTmKTf^ag dipyj^SvJo -^ 7roAtT«ct?' yt^ Ma^- 

xsAA©^ J7rctr<^'6)^ gt^ct t^ cMet (hiiK^-p^, etg '?(£ifAw ci^piKOfjdfov mig-o 

pci^J^oig, c^Kiyodv wV TcivTct tQ lan 'Fod/Ltcuov dvcu (7s^(TY)fX(X 7r^o(rTiS-n(riv 

avT^j K^ (^eiKVvetv dTriovla Kcu(ra^ c4tgA<^g. jj^ q MctWgAAoi/, «cT» Kai- 

(ra§(^ Tov rotActmoi/ ttK^tov oi^vi^cu jivS^lu) cl(peiKOT(^ Trdai Tolg iroKi- 

TSjop^oig-, K^ Kae/c^va fj^ S^nfJLa^x^^^ vfoKAiSv l7\<^B-i^o^(ravl(^ (^aveict)Vy 

nctuA6) i) vyrctTO) ovli "xpKia v^ 7f-t.v\aK0(iia Tcb\av\a ^ov\(^, d(p' c^v >ij Tnv 

(ha(nKiKY}V cAceiv(^y ovo/uLa^ov dvd^niaa, t« dyo^d Tr^oo-eKo/jLKriVy dvu -^ 

<t>iiA<oiag o\KQS':y.Y)B-ei(rav' >iT(A <^ri (po^nS-eig t«p (rv^a^riv rio^Trm'©-', dva- 

(pavi^ov nS^i) (^i icwT^ ;^ t'^ (piAa^v iTr^TJiV, "^yjoi^eix^yivou hd^oxov Kax- 

(raejL T' de,x^'^' »9 7fifjL7rci)V diinTei T^g <^^.Ti(£iTag aV ix^y^^^v cwt^ 7r^g 

T^g KsATwaV dymag. q ^^TroTrifJLTret, <^(it)^n(ydf^(^ uag-ov dvt^^ 7tiv\n- 

KovJa Kj <^iaKO(ricug ^^xi^^^' ^' '^'^'^'^'^ Ylofi,7ini(^ KOf/.i(rav\ig, eig f^ to 

7fMB-(^ iiK cJ^eiKeig a^g X?^'^^^ KaTicmet^v Xoyag V7rs^ t» Kou(ra^(^, 

ojUTov 3 TlofJLTtniov l7\7ri(Ti Ksvdig M(p^eio^v, (^g 7roB-iif^ov -uot -^ KcwVct- 

f©^ s-^Tidg, iij Ta fjSf cv\ajuQa ^id (pUvov vl^ 7ro7\iTHag v^niXa fjLo7\ig 

iXovJa, t cMei (^undfjLicog hoifjLm V7ra^x^^^^ ouJiw, K(tv fjLovov vTre^- 

^d7\(d(Tiv eig 'lTa7\iav , ^&vg s(T0f£{jng Tr^g cmhvov' htod yiyovivcu tov 

Kcu(Ta^ 7f7\n^ei <^^Tao^v 7\v7rn^v ojuToig, ^ (po^^co fjLova^x^ag {jttow- 

tov. 

Lentulus repugnaverunt, alias Csfarem odio loco Fulviie «dificavitdedicavitque, tum de- 

profequentes, & ad probrum contumeliam- mum coitionem iftam Pompeius veritus, per 

que ejus neceflaria non necelTariis cumulan- fe & amicos in id incubuit aperte, fuccefTor 

tes. Colonis enim, quos Ccefar Novumco- provincise ut Ctefari mitteretur, mifitque re- 

mum nuper in Galliam deduxerat, civitatem petitum milites quos ei ad bellum Gallicum 

ademerunt, & conful Marcellus unum illius commodaverat. Eos Cjefar donatos ducentis 

colonisE decurionem, qui Romam venerat, quinquaginta drachmis remifit : qui hos re- 

virgis cecidit, addens hanc fe ei inurere no- portaverunt, rumorem fparferunt de Casfare 

tam, quod civis Romanus non cflet : abiret, foedum, £c malignum, vanaque fpe labefecere 

eamque Casfari oftenderet. Poft Marcellum, Pompcium, quafi defideraret eum exercitus 

quum Csefar jam omnibus rempub. traftan- Caefaris, & quamvis res urbanas propter invi- 

tibus opulentiam propinaflet Gallicam affa.- diam & reipub, perverfitatem aegre tenebat, 

tim hauriendam, Curionem tribunum plebis Csefaris copia; eflcnt ei tamen promptEC, ac 

magno lere alieno hberaviflet, confuli donaf- quum primum tranfcendiflent inItaliam,mox 

fet Paulo mille 6c quingenta talenta, quo ar- adeum defefturas^adeoafliduisexpeditionibus 

gento celebrera illam bafilicam. juxta forum acerbum eis CxfaremSc fufpedum domJnatus 

metu 



K A I X A P. 133 

«■f&i^, &>? ]«.« Moimgy hoyoig »9 yv(J)^oug KOLTinoT^irSjiTo-, t^ <^o>t«v 

Tivoi '^ d^PiyfJi-ivodV ttu^' fltvV» TA^ioL^x^^ i^mcL TT^ T» ^«A^TH- 
ei«, >9 TTv^oiAfJov &)? a cT/f^&io-iV « ygfbo-ta KoMVae/ %^/foj/ -^ ot^;;^H?> 
otAA ctuV«, (poLVoUy MdiC y.^>i(TCLv\cL TH ;:^^«ei Thuu Tkcjl^Iw t' fJLdxc^- 

Ov fJLhji} clhT^ « 75 (^s^ Yiaicrcie,^ ct^<''&)cr(?, to TT^o^YifjLct '^ S^iKcuoXo- 
yia.g 'ha.fJLn^v ^x^^' ^^^^ ^ ctvTog ts. TiaTctS-i^ tol 07r7\ci, k^ no^7rm« 

TOLVTO TT^Jctl'']©-', CtfJ,(pOT^iig iS^iCdTOLg «^Of/S/Jb? <lJei(rXgc&-oa Tl C^^ TCdV 

TTohiTOdV cLycJL^ov' (jdq T^V avTov |u9/j ct^^poM^bf/S/Jb:?, QMCiVOd Q «v «;:^g (^ijicuQv- 

loL? S^tUJCif^iVi 'iTi^V (^M^OL7\7\0v}oLg-)'iTi^V KOLTOL^Di^SjCL^eiV TV^VVOV.TOLVTOL Tf^- 

;cot Aa (w9/j(^ oy tJ c^«^&) KaeJ^odV vii\g Kou(tol^(^, m^TeiTo hcLfj.7r^cdg' oi o j^ 
<^i(poiviig In olvtov-, wWs^ ctOAnTnV, ctvOo^oAavlg? «'(piWcti/. 'Ai^4)w(^ q J^h- 
fjLOL^X^^ KcMcrot^©^ uTTg^ T«Vfit)V (iBi^oKnv Ko/jLi^ei^rciv elg to 7rAy)0(^ ci|n'- 
vgfjtg, >9 ctveyvft) cTiot Twv i)7rctV&)i'. hv o t« f2»aA«, SxtTr/wi^ |u9/j nojW.7rma 
TTgi/Og^^V ei(Tr\yr\(TCLTo yvcdfjLlw, a.v iv v\{jl^cl pnTM fJLn KOiTCL^n) Toi 'on7\OL 
Kc(A(Ta^y ^ij^TroS^eiX^hxJOii TtoxifJLiov cwtov. l^cdTCdv]ci}V 3 Vfi' vtcoltc^v ei ^om 
HofjLTrmov oL(peiVou t«V ^-^TiCdTctg, )lj 7rct7.iv el S^om Koug-cl^, tm ju9/j o'Ai'- 
yoi 7roLvloL7roL(Th Tij 7rctvlig Tict^ oXiyag 7r^(TiB-ivlo. Vfi' o (t^ 'AvJcdViov 
7roL7\iV oL^iiivlctiV dfJL^poT^tig tIw d^x^v dcpeivM, 7fciv\ig ofj.ct7\cog 7r^(Tex(J- 

e,moLv. 

metu faftum. His Pompeius inflatus, delec- conditioncs quura in concione Curio C^e- 

tum militura quafi nihil timens ncgligebat, faris nomine proponeret, ingenti eft plaufu 

premebat vero Cxfarera (ut putabat) verbis exceptus. Aliqui etiam coronas in eum ficut 

&:decretis: quae ille floccipendebat. Immo athletam floribus fpargentes jaftavere. An- 

fama eft unum ex miflis ab eo centurioni- tonius tribunus plebis epiftolam hifce de re- 

bus, qui pro curia ftabat, Sc audiebat noUe bus a Cacfare allatam protuht in concionem 

Csfari fenatum prorogare provinciam, dixif- 8c confulibus invitis recitavit. In curia Sci- 

fe, At hic dabit, manu capulum gladii pul- pio focer Pompeii fententiam dixit, Csefa- 

fantem. rem, nifi prasfinita die difcefliffet ab exerci- 

Verum Cicfaris tamen poftulata honeftam tu, hoftem declarandum. Difceffionem con- 

fpeciem raagnificamque habebant. Offere- fuHbus facientibus, an dimiflurus Pompei- 

bat arma pofiturura fe, modo idem faceret us exercitum eflet, iterumque an Caefar, in 

Pompeius : ac fic ut ambo privati peterent hanc partem exceptis paucis omnes, in il- 

populi beneficia. Quando qui fe fpoliabant lam pauci difcefl^ere. Ibi poftulante Anto- 

exercitu, Sc illi confirmabant, unum pre- nio, ut difceflio fieret, an deponerent am- 

mendo, akerum facerent dominura. Has bo provincias, in eam omnes pariter ivere. 

r Ve- 



134 K A I S A P. 

(^eiv n^g avS"^ Awg-wj/, a -^nOoiVi Tore i^ c^i2Ayd»(roti/, x^ fJieTS^ciAQylo 
Toig l^YiTcLg cf^ TrivQc-t S^id tyiv g-ctav. 

'Et« i) CZ^ KoUCrct§(^ mOV Sh<;oy\CJUL fJLiTeACt(^^V S^Omvl^^ ( Yi^i\i ^ 

d^peig tol olAXol TroivJot, tyiv cvlog "AA7rg&)t/, )^ to 'iKKvejtnov (a$ Svhv TcLy- 
fjLCLTm OLIJT& SoS-nvcUy iu,ixeA? « tyjv S^Ti^v vTTOLTeiOLV fjLiTCi(Tkv ) ;^ Kwi- 

f&)l/ pVo)^, Ot^n TTOL^COV CJK, KlXlKlOLg K^ SlOL?\?^CCyctg TT^TlodV, i(JLCL?\OLT\i 

Tov noju.7rmv. 3 tolKKol crvfxod^odVi t«V <^^TiodTOig oL(p\j^ei. k^ KikL 
^m lAjj iTTeiS-e t«V Kou(rcL^(^ (piKag (TtwivSovloLg cJ^ Tcug ei^Yip^oug lirci^- 
X^^?} ^ <^^Ti,moug fjLovQig i^cLux^Kioig Troiei^ Toig SioLXva-eig. TlofjLWYiiH 
Q KOLfLTfJopfja H^ cTiJ^oi?©-', oi (Z^ AHHtkov ^k eicdv vTToLTt^ovJig, oi7\7\d K, -^ 
(^nKng 'AvJodViov i^ K^e^o^voL 7r^7rYi?\oL>ti(roLvlsg, cJ^yiAol^tolv oLTifjLOdg, t«i/ <^- 
7r^S7feg-oLT!w Kcu(roLeji t&v TT^cpddiOdV ouutoi fiYixctVYj(rcifjSpoh k^ St Yjg fjLoi^ 
Ki?0L T«V '^^TiOOTag 7roL§0d'^tiViV-, cJhSeiKvvi^(^ cLvS^g hT^T^oyifjLngj yy 
acex^^vlciLg zBn fj.i&iodv l^djy£v 7ri(pdjyoTag qji) g«d"«(r^f ohiTiKoug. »t&) qS 
"^Km 'VcJifJLYig (rK,6boi(roLvlig toLVT^g Sioi cpoCov vTti^YjKTOLV. 

'Hccti iBp ^V fZefei OUUTQV « 7r7\eiiig (TTTrgai/ TejLOLKO^riodV K^ 7rivJaKi^i?\ioi)V 
oTrXiT&v' To y^ ctAAo <^^TA)fj,a 7ri^av 'AA7rg&)f )>mMKeifi^ov ifjLsKKov 
oi^eiV ol 7rifjL(p^ivlsg. o^odv '"^ tyiv d^x^^ ^^ QJ)l<FaTo 7r^yfjLdT0dV "^tyiv iCpoS^ov 
a TtoTwx^tictg SiofjSplw cjj tu 7ra^ovli fid7\7\ov « S-dfi.^et ts To7\fjLY\g kou 
Tdx^ Kcu^Q KaTa?\Y)7f]iav b(Tav {bii7T7\Y\^eiv ^ d7ri<^>iiJop(^ pdov, n (^id(T£~ 

^cu 

Verum inflante Scipione Sc Lentulo confule reclamavit Lentulus, atque infuper Antoni- 

clamante, armis cum latrone non decretis a- um ScCurionem probris laceratos curia defor- 

gcndum, in praefentia dimiffus eft fenatus,luc- miter exegit. Itaque fpeciofiffimum ipfe dedit 

(fhuque ob diflenfionem veftes mutavei"e. Ciefari colorem, quo potillimum inflammavit 

Mox litera: allatse a Ca;fare funt, qu£e mo- milites, claros viros & tribunitia poteftate 

der^tse videbantur. Oftendebat enim dimit- pr^ditos ottendens meritoria rheda & veftitu 

tere fe cxtera omnia velle, tantum poftula- fervili profugifle. Ita enim inftrufti cUm me- 

bat ut fibi Gallia cifilpina & Illyricum cum tu exierant Roma. 

duabus legionibus concederentur, dum fe- Erant fo tempore apud eum non amplius 

cundum confulatum peteret. Ac Cicero ora- trecenti equites & quinque millia legionario- 

tor modo ex Cilicia reverfus de reconcilia- rum. Reliquum enim exercitum trans Al- 

tione agens molliebat Pompeium. Hic ve- pes reliftum addufturi erant lcgati ejus.Quod 

ro reliqua permittens, adimebat legiones, & autem videretcoeptorumexordium&: aggreffi- 

Cicero induxit amicos Cxfaris jam remiffio- onem non magnas requirere in prsefentia copi- 

res, ut contenti antediftis provinciis, &c mi- as, fedterrorepotius audaciie fictemporis cele- 

litibus folum fex millibus, inirent concordi- ritate pr^cipiendam (quippe perculfurum Ci- 

am. Flexo Pompeio 6c concedente, conful tius inexfpe6tatum fe, quam fi cum appara- 

tu 



K A I S A P. 135 

adyou^ iX^^vloL^ oiv^ -jTo' oiKKm 07rA6jy, KCLTci%av 'Aei^att/oi;, -^ KsAn- 

m iirYcLrhjo 7T0-MV, 6)V c*J^;:t:«!) /t^^tAt^a (?)«o-ctMV«^ ^^^o''^^ >9 '^^e^;^*'^' 

'QpTmid 3 r/w) ^twAiuLiv Tra^iS^miV. ouuTog riw) ^ «Vgg^v S^ir^^^p b) 
4)ai/s?«/ (JLovofxdx^^ig i<piw yvfjLval^ofjS^Joig »9 ^idi^(^' fj.t}i^v TreJ 
\(mi^<i B-€e$^7r(^crag ro o-&»^ot> j^ 7rot^gA3-&)i/ «V rof ctfJ^fwi/ci, »9 o-y%o- 
jm9^(^ ^^X^^ '^^^^^ xg)cA«io6iu'oi^ 0%' ro <^«7rvoi', «c^» (Tv^DtoTci^ovl^ cJioLV- 
i^Yiy >9 raV f4u (XAAa^ (p<Aocp^i/n3-«V, >9 y.gA<^Vot? (^f^etv oujtov «V 
iTroLVih^G-ofSfJoV oT^iyoig j '^ ^*'^*"' n^a^YiTO fM k$ to omto ndvloLg-, 
fltAAoi/ 3 «.'aah /'t4)x«y. ca/roV i^^ fJLi^iodv [j^ym Sh^dg mgj nhswviv 
iTtmv Tiva, n^OdTOV o^ov, eiTct n^g to 'KtifJLmv o^g-^g-vj/ct?, dg «A- 
S-iv S^ Tov oeJ-^jivJa tIw h^og "AKmm Ta7\aT'm "^hn -^ aTOw^g 'Wa^.i- 
ag "KOTafiov (Va^iKm Ka^hmcu) k^ 7\oyi.(TfLog avTov acr^et fjLahhov kf- 
yil^ovla t4 ^^vco, ^ <zkA(pi^i^Jov t4 fJLiyiS-ei t^ ToXf/,ct)fj^m, i^iTO 
i^^fjun' vi tIuu Tro^elav c^g-nVct?, TtoKhd f£p avTog c^ iouji^ J^tfjuueynSf 
criy-n tIw yvcdfilw iTT dfJL(poTi^ pmTaKafJi^cLvm-i j^ T^ndg t^iv avim 
TOTi To (iiiA^fjLa nhci^ag' TrohKoi q >^ t^^ (pihm Tolg 7ra^S(nv, av riv k^ 
TioKKim 'A(rivi(^y ortwS^moe^nTiVy dva7\oyil^oi^(^ Y\7\imv mmv d^^et 
Trdo-iv dv^^oiTtoig h Sid^a(rtgj o(Tov rs 7\oyov avTY\g ToHg avS-ig ^sTroAe/^l/ao-t. 
rsA©^ i) iUv S-vfjLQ nv(^, &)Wg^ dcpeig icwTov qm ra 7\oyiiTfjLS ir^g to 
fjLi7\>.oVy -^ T^TO (^ti ro Mtvov Tolg «V Tvxof-? ifjL^cuvii(riv >Wo^a? K^ To7\fxag 

tu ingrueret, impuirurum adverfarios) impe- qui Galliam cifalpinam a cxtera Icalia fe- 

ravit tribunis 6c centurionibus ut gladiis mo- ccrnit (Rubico dicitur) 6c reputare ipfe cce- 

do accin6li reli£tis armis aliis Ariminum am- pit fecum, quum ad pericuium propius ac- 

plam Galliae urbem, quam maxime fieri pof- cederet, & fluftuaret cceptorum mole, cur- 

fet, fine fanguine & tumultu occuparent. fum fullinuit, atque fubfiliens in itinere mul- 

Exercitum quum tradidiflet Hortenfio, diem ta fecum agitavit animo, ac tacitus huc il- 

in publico traduxit gladiatoribus exercenti- luc fententiam verfavit, babuitque confili- 

bus fe afllllens fpeftator. Paulo ante vefpe- um ejus tunc plurima voluminaj multum 

rum curato corpore convivium ingrefliis hae- etiam cum amicis qui fecum erant, inter 

fit paulifper ad convivas. Inde primis tene- quos fuit Afinius PoUio, difceptavic pen- 

bris furrexit, ac reliquis comiter appellalis fans, tranfitus fuus quanta mortalibus al- 

& operiri fe juffis quafi rcgreflurum, pau- laturus mala, quantumque de eo fermonis 

cos amicos praemonuit ne eadem omnes, fed eflent pofteris reli£luri. Ad poftremum 

alius alia via fequerentur. Ipfe vehiculo cum quodam ardore quafi dejiciens fe ex 

confcenfo meritorio, aliam viam iniit primo, rationibus in eventum, atque hoc priefatus 

mox flexit Ariminuia. Ut venit ad aranern vulgare in fortunas fe demittentibus ancipi- 

tes 



136 



K A I S A P. 



TT^OlfJLlOV VTTeiTTC^V, 'Avijipi^p^Od KV^(^, Cd^fJLWi TT^g ThjtJ (hoL^ci(riv' itOU 
(^eOfLKd TO hOlTTOV Yll^Yi ^^OdplJ^j ei(Tl7ri<Ti TT^O YlfJii^ «V TO 'AeJijULlVOV, yi 

y.a.Ti<^z. 7\iyf) tm %^Ti^cL vvy\\ t' S\cL^cL(Ti(tig ovcl^ \^av iKB-i^rfjLoV 1^0- 

KH y:> (XVTOg T« ioUJTQ fJLYITeJ' fJLiyVVO^^ tIw appHTOl/ ILli^iV. 

'E7r« KctTi?\y)(p^n to 'AeAfJLmv, odcmi^ dvscdyiSfjn Ta TroAg^a TrAct- 

TCiOUg TTVAcUg S-M 7ta.(TClV OfjcS tUjU yhutJ •iL^ B-CL7\0L0T0LV, K^ (TvfKi^^^Vf^CdV aifJLCJL 

ToHg o^ig -^ hvfoL^x^oLg 'P^^ vofJLOdV t' tto As&i?, «>c OiV^^g d.v Tig c^^^yj k^ yv- 
vouKOLg, odcmi^ ctAAoTg, G-uju cMTTK^^^a hoL(poiTa,v 7" 'iTOLhioLg, ciXKci Toig 
TTohctg cLVToig clvi<^oLf^oLg, (pvyn (^toL^pi^n^ S^i oiKKT^Kcav' tyiv q 'Vcafiluu, 

(A(JJJie, ^W j>i^fJ.OLTCdV 7rifJ.7rKOLfB{jlw, (pvyoug TUiV Trse^tl S^YIfJ.OiiV >C, fJ,iTCJL<^CL- 
(Ti(TlV, HTi (SL^X^vJt 7rei(TCU jiCli^ioLV ^(TOLV, iiTS Koy(a KOL^iKiYlV CJD ITOKKOd kKV- 
<^OdVl Kj (Toi.7\(t), fJ.lK§OV '^KlTreiv OLVTYIV V(p' OLVTYig civcLTiT^(p^CU. TTOL^YI ^ 
civliirciXOL, K^ ^icUOL KOLTei'^i KmfJ.OLTOL VToivJoL TOiroV. aVg ^ TO X^t3^ ^'^^- 
XicLV Yl^ffJ, dKhd t4 h^OiKOTi Kj KV7Fiil^(t) Ky TToKhd (TVfJ.7li7T\oV QM fJLi- 

ydhYi 7roKei, y^ ^^(tiwo[^ov v7re^ tS fj,iKKov](^, S^i 'teJi-^odv yiv. olvtov Ti 
Vi0fL7lYli,0V CM7fi7rMy(.^0V cI'aa(^ dhKcLxo^iV 'iTd^-fliV, Tolg (J^, 6)V iiv- 
^YKTi KCU(T0L^ KOL^' iOUUT^ J^ T' YiyifXOvioLg, <^^VVOLg V7UiX0v\cL, T&V Q, OTi 

rz^;^&)fbvlct j^ 7t^TeiVoi^ov AJyvodfxovcLg hoLXv(Teig d(pYiKi Tolg ^afec Agi/7- 

KOV V<^ejL(ycU KOLTYiyo^SvJoLg. ^OLOOVi!^ Q OLVTOV CMiK^(Ti T^ 7r0(tl TV7t\eiV 

TYiv ylw' g7r« jLLiyoLMyo^odV 7roTi 7F^og TYiv (tvFkKyitov, iiJ\v eicL 7roKv7r§oLy- 
fj.oveiv ^^\ (pejvli^civ cMeivag '^ oBn tov 7ioKifj.ov (^t^(TK^Yig' cLVTog ^, 

OTOLV 

tes & audacia coepta prEeludium, Ja£ta efto mere: ut parum abfuerit quin magnis in 

alea, aggrefTus eft tranfirum. Inde citato undis & jaftatione prope a femetipfa fuerit 

curfu contendens Ariminum ante lucem in- everfa. Quippe diverfi jeftus motufque ora- 

greditur & occupat. Dicitur nofte, qux nia graves tenebant. Neque enim, qux ex- 

tranfitum Rubiconis anteceffit, nefarium ha- ultaret, pars quiefcebat, fed cum perterrita 

buiffe fomnium. Vifus fibi eft matrem fuam 6c moefta paffim concurrens in magna urbe 

ftuprare. Sc infultans confliftabatur cum ea de even- 

Arimino capto tanquam porta bello in tu, ipfumque per fe obftupefa£tum alius ali- 

omnem terram 8c mare paritcr patefafta, le- unde follicitabat Pompeium : quum hi obji- 

gibufque civitatis cum provincix confufis cerent, quod Caefarem contra fe & rempub. 

terminis, non viros diceres mulierefque (ut evexiffet, luere eum poenas: aHi accufarent, 

alias) attonitos per Italiam palari, verum ip- quod de jure fuo cedentem atque aequas of- 

fas fedibus fuis excitas fuga inter fe difcurre- ferentem pacis conditiones , Lentuli pcr- 

re civitates} Romam vero quafi flu£tibus mififlet contumeliis : Favonius terram juflit 

circumieftorum populorum fuga & migra- ei pede pulfare, quod jaftabundus aliquan- 

tione impletam efl^e, quam neque magiftratus do in fenatu dixiflct, ne kborarent Patres, 

fedare facile, neque verbis uUus valeret repri- neque de belli apparatu cflTent foliciti j fe, 

ubi 



K A I S A P. 145 

oTfitv dm >t^ii(rct^ to Uol^(^ t^ TTQ^h^-^T^fJLciiTm IfjLTFXYi^rm tIw 'Irot- 
7\icLV. « fxluJ ctTvAot )9 ToVg ttM^h huuoLiLLiag vTTi^i^oLMv Q IlofJLnYii©^ tyIv 
KomVoi^©^' «ctcrg S"' W<^«V Toi/ otv*^^ ;^f «Vot:9^ to(? Io«;t» MyKTjULolgj otA- 
Act utt' cifyi7\.fyLciTm •Ko7<hm -^ '^^S'm -^ (po^m, dg gCpg^rfiOT^^ «<i\i t5 tto- 
^g^fe, »9 TTctvla KOLTix^^^j ^?^^ o-ttwgjt§»(9"« Tw 7rotvl6)i; 4)0f Ct* )^ ^l^i^i^CO 
TOL^X^ o|'ai', >^ T/<;y TToAti/ c^gAiTTg, KiXdjG^oLg gTTgc^ Ti«) ygfacr/oti/, )^ 
fjLYi^ivoL fjSfjeiv T^v n^ T' Tv^vvi^(^ i^^YjfjSpm tLuj TicLT^^cfL jc, t\jjj gA<^- 

hiti-AV. 

0\ ju3/) h VTTOLTOh fJLY\h Ct fo'/.^!!^ 2ft TT^^^ cilo^cTa ^V^TUL^ig i^pVyoV' 

i(pA>yov Q )^ T^i^f ^nT^^Tm ol TrAfiifoi, t^ttov tivol <S^l oi^TroLy^^g "^kTo t&v 
ic^/6)p 0, Ti Ty;^oi£i/, dao-Trgf oL7\.7^0TeJ-m, 7^.0LfJi^cLvov\ig. «Vt o oi )^ crCpoS^^oL 
TOL Kcu(Ta^(^ «f«ju^'ot TT^oTi^Vj Qj^iTritTov xim B-ctfjL^oag TOTi ToSv 7\oyi(T- 
|u^, j^ (TVf/.7rcL^lwix^Y]G-oLv ii^lv S^ioij^oi Tw j>d)fjLOLTi "^ (po^g QAiavng. o\>L-. 

T^OTOLTOV BiOLfLOL T' TTOASit)? luUy cBj(pi^^ii TO(TiiTii ;^«jw5/i(^, OddZTi^ 
ViOdg •U5TO KvQi^VY\Tm OLTTOLyo^dJoiDuiV TT^Og TO (TiwJvXOV lfjL7Fi(Teiv aOfJLit^OfJLi- 

VY\g. oi7\7\(i Kaiwi§ «TfW -^ fjLiTOL<FOL(Ti(^g o\^^g ^(TYig, tyIv ijS^j (pvyYiv o\ aiv- 
3-^od7roi vroLTejLiht cTict IlofjL7rYiiov wyavlo, tyw o 'Vo^fjLhuUj ag KcMVot^©-- $-^- 
T07rihv cJ^ihi7rov. oTni T^ AoL^iluuogj oLVYi^ ov Tolg fx.OL7Kig-oL (pi7\.<^ Ko^Vot^C^, 
>^ 7r^i(T^^TYig yiyovoig-, )t, o-ttt^iiydtij/to-fmS/j©^ cv 7roi(Ti Tt^o^vfLOTOLTct Tolg Ki7\, 

THLolg 7ro7\ifLOig, TCT CAtetVOV '^S^^g, (^X^"^^ "^^^^ Il0fjL7rY]l0V. CtAAct TiiTCi) 
l^p )9 TCt x^^f^^'^^ ^ '^'^^ '^(TKdjcig oivfiTTifJL-^iV 6 KCUITOL^. AofJLlTica 3 

ubi tcllurem pede percuffiflet^Italiamlegioni- pridem admodum ftudiofi, confilio fijo tunc 

bus impleturum. Attamen fiiperabat tunc excidcrunt, unaque cum illo fluftu tranfverfi 

quoque CjEfarem Pompeius copiarum nume- nulla neceffitate ablati funt. Urbis vero mi- 

ro: verum nemo eum fuis permittebat uti ferabilis facies tanta ingruente tempeftate e- 

confiliis. Ita multis nuntiis, mendaciis, & rat, quze navis modo a gubernatoribus deplo- 

terroribus, quafi ingruente jam hofte & om- ratse in id quod fors obtuliflet vidcbatur im- 

nia tenente, cedens,communi eft impetu im- paftura. Quae quanquam tam fuit calamitofa 

pulfus, decretoque tumultu urbem reliquit, fuga, hoc exilium homines tamen ducebant 

fenatum fequi jubens, nec remanere quen- Pompeii caufa patriam efle, Romam ve- 

quam qui tyrannidi anteferret patriam & li- ro ut Cxfiris caftra deferebant. Quando 

bertatem. Labienus quoque Caeniri familiariilimus, qui 

Ac confules ne folennibus quidem ante pro- ejus in Gallia legatus fucrat, ac fub eo 

fcftionem peraftis facris fugam arripuere.Fu- per totum bellum decertaverat fortiflime, 

gerunt 6c fenatores plerique, raptura quo- tunc illo relifto tranfiit ad Pompeium 

dammodo de propriis, quod ad manum erat, C^terum huic remifit etiam pecuniam 6c 

ut de alienis fumentes. Fuerc qui Caefaris farcinas Csfar. Hinc caftra pofuit fub 

VoL. IV. S . mu- 



138 



K A I S A P. 



y)y^^ii anret^m TeAcLKovJoLi Kj mTix^vJi Ko^<pimVi g7rgX$-4)V TrcL^i^^On 
m(^(^<riv. i) ^kmyv^? Tci >tct9' icwTov, «Vwo-g tov Iolt^v omTlw ovla 
(pd^fjLctKoV jt, Aot€&)v To S^oSriVi iniiv &)? TeOvM^of^'^- 1"-^^' oTuyof q a)da^ 
o-ot? T« Kouda,^ B-cwfxa^n tivi (piKav^^odTrici x§^^ "^S^ "^^'^ gciA&);toVa?, 

a^VoV OUUTOV CiTTi^^luJeii Kj tLuU O^VTYiTOL tQ /2i»A(^'^0tT©^ nTiOLTO. T« Q lOL- 

T^Q 3-apj)Ujuovj(^ ouuToV) oiV vwvoinKov » B-oLvoLO-ijULov 7ri7rCf)K0ToL, fn^xct^ 
|j)V, dvoL<fOL? d-Trm Tr^g KoMVctg^, )^ 'hct^o^v h^idvi cuuB-ig (^ii^imtn 
TT^g UofMTrniov. touutol elg tLuu 'Vc^fxlw d7rctfyi7<hoi^OLy t«V dvQ^cdTms 
«cT^W iTroiei, kcu Tmg (pvyovlig dvi^^i-^av. 

'O KcMcrct^ T/tJ Tg T» AofjHTia ?-^ndv TroLsjzhati, j^ TaV dTO^Mz 

oVb^ C4' TCW^ TTOKidt JlofJLTtYiiLd <^^T07\oy>i[^^g i0^OL(ri KOLTOLhOL^C^V. TTO^ 

Auf yeyoi/iwV ^'«^j ytj (po^i^og iir duutov riKyjuvi HofjL7rmv. 6 3 b;c g(jV§ot- 
To tIw iCpoJ^ov, otAA' «V B^ivlncnov (pvyc^v, TaV fjo^u t^VotV»? Tt^Ti^v sV«- 
Ag jw^ ^uuudfJLiOdg elg Ayppot;:^ioj/, otfVoV o oAtyoi/ vg-i^v i7riK^ov](^ Koa- 
<rot^(^ o/?S7rA<^<rgv, cog cv Tolg <c^ cmhvh y^<pn(ro^Joig Tot ka^' iKoLs^oL 
^t}Xci)B-ria-i^. Kou(ruejL Q (^^T^ofj^iJCi) f^ (^^vg hodKeiV-, ^^eJ^OL Vi^v Iw. eig 

3 tIw 'Yodfxlw dvi^^^i-^iv, yiyov^g cv YifjLi^cug i^nKovJa, Trdcrng dvoufjLOJTi 

4 'iTotA/a? xvg/t^. g7r« 3 k^ tIuu 7ro?\iV Sj^i fJidKKov « Tre^cni^oKa KaB-i^ 
S6d(rav, iij V^ >cW |3«A«? c^» oa;T« (rvxv^g} T^Toig \^ cBietKn k^ (S^nfjLon- 
Ka (^iiKiX^Y}, (^^Ka7\CdV ouuT^g K^ TT^og IlofJL7rmv '^g-iKKeiV dv^^g S^ 
(TVfj,^d(ri(n Tr^gTraVcM?* v7rnK->i(Ti (^' «'J^«V, «Vs (po^i^i^oi UofjLTrriiov iFKaTa- 
MKeifjL(jS{Jov, eiTi vofJLil^ovlig ^x ^'^^ KoaVa^ (pe^veiv, ctAA' dj^r^iTTeia 7\o- 

ym 

muris Corfinii, quod Domitius cum triginta ribili in ipfum movit Pompeium. Ille non 

cohortibus tenebat. Hic fpe abjefta falutis exfpedtato ejus adventu fugit Brundufium, ac 

popofcit a fervo fuo medico venenum, da- confulibus Dyrrhachium cum exercitu prje- 

tumque pro lethali haufit. Mox mirifica ac- miffis paulo poft adventum Csfaris folvit, uc 

cepta Cxfaris in captivos humanitate, deplo- in illius vita minutatim fingula recenfebi- 

ravit fe, celeritatemque incufavit confilii fui. mus. Geftientem e veftigio infequi prohi- 

Quem ubi medicus erexit, fomnificum indi- buit Cjefarem inopia navium. Igitur Ro- 

cans non funebre bibifle eum medicamen- mam eft regreflus, tota Italia diebus fexa- 

mmj furrexit admodum hilaris, & ad Csfa- ginta fine fanguine in poteftatem redafta: 

rem contendit, dataque fibi ab eo venia, ite- qui quum urbem fupra exfpeftationem fuam 

rum profugit ad Pompeium. His Romam ofFendiflet compofitam, 8c frequentes ibi fe- 

nuntiatis recreati funt homines, redieruntque natores, appellavit hos benigne 8c populariterj 

eo aliqui ex fuga. hortans ut ad Pompeium mitterent de ineun- 

Ciefar Domitii copias accepit, aliafque, da asquis conditionibuspace. At obtemperavit 

quas per municipia ex Pompeii deleftibus oc- nemo, vel quod Pompeium timerent defertum, 

cupavit. Auftus jam magno exercitu ac ter- vel quod fccus Cxfarem fentire exiftimarent, 8c 

verbis 



K A I S A P. 139 

ym X^^' "^ "^ ^f^^^X^ MsTsA^a mKvQvl(^ cwtov cw t^ )><m3-iT0dv 

y^YlfJLCX.TOL ^CifJ.^OLmV,iij VQfJLH? TlVOLg 7r^(P^Qvl(^, iiK i<pYi TQV OUUTOV OTrXdif 
ii VOfJLODV KCU^OV ^VOU' (TV Q « TQlig TT^Tiof^Oig iSj^TMTKOUVH?) VtW fj^ C4«- 

TToM oLTriB-k' 7roLJ)j>moLg ^ « SHtou noKifjJ^. otolv q mTOLS-oSfjLou tcl 

OTThCt, (TVfJL^ATim '^Of^m, TOTi TTOLf-C^V J^YifJ.OLyceyYKreig, )^ TOUUTOL) i(pY)y 

TKiyoi '^ ifJLouuT^ ^iKcum v<piifA{j(^. if^k y> « (Tv, Kj TTOLvlig ofrag «A»»- 

(pOL T^ TT^og if^i <^OL<riOL(rOLvlm. TOUJTOL Tf^Og TOV MiTiKT^QV eiTfOdV, i^coiJ^ll^i 
TfPOg TOig 3-V^.g T» TOLfJLetii. fJLYI (pCUVOf^m O^ T^ KK(i^£v, XOL^^^g f^i" 
TOLTTifJL-^OLfMfJ^^, CJKKOTrJeiV QMi7\SjiV' OUJ^l<; CMi?-OLl^ii T» MSTgAA», KOU 
TlVm iTTCUViivJm, (hoLTHvdfSlJ(^ Y\7tdKY](riV ^KTOKJiViiV OUUTOV, « fJLYi TTOLV^TOUTO 
TTOL^iVOX^^^' i T^TOy ipY}, fJLa^.KlOV iiK clyVQeig, dn fJLQl S^V^TKOKOdTi^V Iw 

elvreiv yj tt^^ou. «t(^ o 7\dy(^ TOTi v^ MiTiXhov ct7ri?s.B-iiV s^roiYKri xot- 
tolM(Tcx.vJol, k, tcl (xhAoL jict^iciig olvt4 >9 Tdx^odg vTt^n^iTii^ Tr^dg tqv 7rd^ 

T^ifJLOV. 

'E^^rSji S"" «V 'l^YieJioLV, TT^oTi^v lyvoiKOdg T«V f5%« 'A(p^Viov Kf Ba- 
^mcx. TiofiTTYiiii 7re,i(r^<^T(ig m^oLKm, k^ Toig cmh (^wuoifjLHg k^ Toig iTroL^' 
X}(*-g y'^' ctJiz^ 7roiYj(ToiyS{j@-', iiTCdg cBi liofJLTrmv ihavvetv, fjLnS^iVct yi^ 

VCaTH TOdV noAifJLlm -iJZSZT^eiTrdf^px^. MvS^WuSjCTCig 3 K^ (TOifJLOLn TroT^hoLKig 
Kc£l' CMi^^gy Kj t4 '^^T^ fJLCtKi^OL S^icl KlfjLOV, iiK ciVY)Ki 7r§dTi^V hcdKm K^ 
7r^K0L?\ii[jQp<^ KCU (^TOLCp^Sjm T»V (JLvS^^g, Y) KVeJLOV Qlct 'j^i^ TOdV 

<;^T07riSm, K^ T&v ^ujuoifxim- ol 3 nyifJLdvig c^x^^'^ "^?^^ IlofjL7rmv <pdj~ 
yovJig. Evrav- 

verbis tantum uti fpeciofis. Quum tribunus tet adolefcens, diftu mihi quam fa6tu efle dif- 

Hplebis Metellus argentum depromere extera- ficilius. Haec verba effecerunt, ut tum Mc- 

plo Saturni vetaret ei, ac certas leges alle- tellus in prxfentia metu attonitus abfcedei-et, 

garet, dixit non idem armorum ac legum tum reliqua facile 6c expedite ei fubminiftra- 

tempus effe. Quod fi hxc (inquit) quas ago, rentur ad bellum. 

offendunt te, faceffe in prsfentia. Ferocia Hinc in Hifpaniam cum exercitu profec- 

verba bellum non admittit. Ubi pace fa£la tus eft, prius ftatuens Afranium & Varronem 

arma depofuero, tunc popularia ifta declama- Porapeii legatos fummovere, illiufque legio- 

bis. Atque hjec dico de jure meo remittens. nes & provincias redigere in poteftatem fu- 

Nam & tu &: omnes alii, quos ex adverfariis am, inde in Pompeium nuUo reli6i-o a tergo 

meis cepi, in arbitrio eftis meo. Sic ad Mc- hofte pergere. Et quamvis in crebra pericula 

tellum fatus, profeftuseft ad fores azrarii. Non hinc corpore infidiis circumventus, hinc prae- 

comparentibus clavibus fabros accivit, rumpi fertim per famem exercitus fui incurriffet, 

jubens eas. Intercedenti iterum Metello, lau- non ante tamen infedari, laceftere, circum- 

dantibufqueeumquibufdam,intentavocemor- vallare deftitit illos, quam caftris eorum & 

tem ei, ni defifteret ab importunitate fua,mi- copiis effet potitus. Duces refugerunt ad 

nitatus eft. Atque hoc, inquit, haud te la- Pompeium. 

S z Re- 



I40 K A I S A P. 

TT^g HofjLTrmv ^cTBfgAAeii/ M^i vm^ S^icLTKixTimi 'l(rcweA>Log q Kaicrapt 
X^i.eAC^^A'^ oivleiTriv. cu^i^elg o i^Mm^ ijsjo i' ^«aJi?, (pvydSag ts ^car- 
Yiyaryiy ^ '^ q^ SvAAct Sv(rTvxyi(roLvJcidV raV TrcuSag Shrlfjung InoiYidi, 
yi (rei(roLX^^'^ ''*'''' '^^^^^^ oM^cpi^i raV ;:^fg&)(|)«AgTa$'* aKhOiV ts toi^tcav 

rj-^CLTO TToXlT^fJLOLTOdVy « TroKkOdV' cLKK* CV YlfjLi^CUg iVi^iKOL tI/JJ f£{J fXOVOL^- 

XiOLV oL7rei7roLf^(^, vjtcltov q cLvaJ^ei^oLg iouuTov "^ Sg^atAtoi/ 'Iff-flw/g/piot/, 
«;:t^gTo -^ <^^Teiag- -^ Tag jw^j aK7\ag hvdfjLeig ;caO' oJ^oi/ iiceiyoi^jf^ ita^- 
YiK^iVi iTTTreig o g;^&)i/ KoydSag i^aKo^rlagy )c, Trgvlg TayfjLaTay ;^«iw5p^ cv 
T^TToug Qv\(^i kafjBpa 'lavaaeJiii fJ,luuog (»t(^ c^' ctf «'« Ho^reihodv 'AOh- 
yo/ot?) ct(|)wjcgj/ «'? To 7riKay<^'' itj S^ia^aTxm tov 'Uviov,''flejiKov ^^'AtoA- 
Kmiav cu^ei, tol q TrKo^ia ^roLKiv oLvri^nff^iv eig B^iv]^(rLov of^ t»V v<^izi- 
(Tavlag tw 7rof«a <^^n(idTag. ol o a;;^e^ /x^' jtad' oc^oi/ «o-fltj/, <jLTi Sri kou 
Tra^mfJLaJiOTig ^(hi Tolg (rodfJLa^n, Jt, Tr^jg to. 7rA«3-« t^ 7roKifjLim ct7r«|n- 
TLOTic, h cuTioug eixov tov KcLi(ra^,Ilii<Si} Kj 7r^g ri m^g vifjLdg o dvrt^ 
naTa^^mi^, (^fpi^m »t, x^^A^^ ^cmi^ dT^vToigyi^d-^vxo^gnfJLiv ■j-ii^ (ri- 
^n^og cJ^UafjLi 7rXnyoug, j^ ^v^iQng Wi (pen^od cv Xt9^^ Toa^TOd -^ ^(a^yJ^. 
i^i )kd 'P^ T^OUDfJLdTOdV d^ '^O?'® KoMO-a^ OTl ^vni'^ ijS{j d^x^' •^i^^J' 
Tct 7ri(pvmfj^ 7rd^eiV j^ dhyeiVj w^t/ o x^f^^^ ^ 7rvSjfj.aT^ cv 
B-aKdTli) Kou^ov iifi 0g6) ^id^i^ i^vuuaTov' dxh Jt(^ (^^^dxXi) Ka- 
B-dTTi^ a S^iooKdiV 7FoMfJLiHg, d7<kd (pSjyodv. ToiavTa "hiyovlig 'i^ro^djovja 

Reverfo ad urbem focer Pifo confuluit, ut vigia retro Brundufium ad milites, qui tar- 

de pace mitteret ad Pompeium. Ei Ifauricus dius advenerant, remittit. Hi dum in itinere 

venditans fe Caefari repugnavit. Diftator ab erant , utpote corporibus jam defefti atquc 

fenatu diftus exules reduxit, 8c profcriptorum ex hoftium multitudine fatifcentes, quere- 

fab Sylla liberos famae reftituit, formaque bantur de Casfare hujufcemodi verbis, Ubi 

aliqua tabularum novarum obaeratos ufuris tandem, & quam ad metam concedet nobis 

fublevavit, atque alia ejufcemodi non multa ifte quietem, qui circumducit nos, utiturque 

delibavit inftituta. Diebus nempe undecim ficut ferreis 8c inanimatis? Succumbit etiara 

didatura abdicavit fe, ac, poftquam fe 6c Ser- iftibus ferrum, & fcuto aliquando loricje- 

vilium Kauricum confules declaravit, ad bel- que in tanto tempore parcitur. Annon ex 

lum convertitanimum. Caeteras quidem co- vulneribus reputat Caefar mortalibus fe im- 

pias in itinere properans prasteriit: equites perare, mortalibufque nos calamitatibus & 

vero fecum trahensdeleftos fexcentos&quin- doloribus efle obnoxios ? Hyemi 6c ven- 

que legiones circa folftitium brumale ineun- ti in pelago tempeftati facere vim ne De- 

te menfe Januario, qui apud Athenienfes Po- us quidem poteft. At hic tam projede 

fideon fit, in falum demifit fe, tranfmiflbque fubit pericula, quafi fugeret, non confeda- 

mari lonio Oricum Sc ApoUoniam capit, Na- retur hoftes. His di6tis lentum iter Brun- 

du- 



K A I S A P. 141 

«L/o^cMft)^ «V To B^ivlr^(riQV. &)V ih^ovJi? ^^V clvYiyfjSfJOV TOV Kcu(rci^cij tol^ 

X1J TTcihlV OLV fJLiTCihOL^Ovligi ZMcLKi^OV iCWT^g-, TT^^OTOLg '^K0L7\Hvlig T» 

ctvmg^Vo^©-'. oMaxt^sf ^ tQ? Yjyi^ovag a;t cBiToLXi^oLvloL? tIw -ko- 

paoLV. iiOLB-YlljS{J0t cBl '^ oiy.^OdV TT^og TO TTgAfity©-' )^ tIw nTTei^QVj CLT^i- 

(DcoTrav Toig voLvg s(p' uy ifJLihKov Trg^ta^ TTfoV qmHvov. 

'Ev 'ATTohhmici Kcu(ra§, aV g^^t^wj/ d^iofJLctxov tLuj pnh' IoujtQ ^iwa.- 
fxiv, (i^S^tWiia-Yig q -^ meiS-iVy >c^^»|w9a^(^ ;^ fZ^TraS-odV, oeivov g^aA<^- 
(Tg j8»A<li]Wct> K^v(pct TTcLvlodV «V ttAo^oi/ g//^CtV TO |t<.g7g6!^ J^fWcTg^cotcr^cctA- 
jttoi', dvcix^hjijou TT^og to B^ivlii(nov TYihDiiiToig ^oKoig <ttfe<g;^o|u^a ra tts- 
hcLykig \m i^ TfohifjLiOdv. vvKlog Qv g<&-«Tt 3-g£^'7roi^(^ c%xfu'4/a|L^©-' 

Ctl/g^«, P^ KOLTCt^OLKOdV SOUJTOV, &)V TH/Ot T^ 7rOL§Y\fliMljS{J0dVi «VJ^^OtfJl/. T« 

3 'Avjy mTOLfiS tIw volvv \;m(pi^ovl^ elg tIuj B-oLhoLoroLV, tIuj ju^' wS-i- 

vlw OLV^V) « TfOL^^X^ TluJlKaVTOL 'Zefei TOtV C/Jt^OAotV yOLhluJYiVy OLTTOdSScrOL 

7ropp&) To xuitta, TToAuV TThdj^roLg 7ii7\oiyi(^ cTtot vyxloV otTreV^gfrg" tt^oV iJ 
T^ty 7rhY\fjLfjLv^v T" 0-oL7\oLOTYig >i) tIw civ\i^OL(riV tQ kXv^6ov(^ dyejLcuvodV 

TTOTOifJLOg, }ij T£^%t)? Ot^tta JC, Klvvrai fJLiyOLhCt) K^ (TKhYI^OUg dvoLK07t\oi^(^ ' 

^ivcug, d7ro^(^ luu (^ict^lwou tJ KvCi^vY)Tn' Kj fjLiTOL^OLXav zAiihSj^ri t«V 

VCUJTOLg, OOg "^m^^i^^OdV TOV TTXQv. CU^0fj8fj(^ d K0U(T0L^ dvoL^eiKvv(riv 

ioLVTov, ^ Ta KvCi^vYiTH Aot^OjU^t/(^ "5? ^-^'fi^' QMni7tMyiupii 7r^g tLu) 

O^^iV, "I3"f, gCPn, 'fpVOUi, TOXfJLOL Y^ ^i^i^i fJLYj^^iV' KoU(Ta^ (Pi^Cig, Kj tLuJ 

Kaicct^©-" Tv;^^ cry^7rA8»crc:i/. ihd^ovlo t» ;:^«|u5Ji(^ ot voujtcu, Kj Tcug: 



KOd- 



dufium faciebant : quo ut convenerunt, & fcendit, atque fe ut contemptum aliquem filen- 

folvifle compererunt Csfarem, fubito muta- tio abjecit. Quum vero Anius amnis in pon- 

to animo increpaverunt femetipfi, proditores tum deferret navem, matutinam auram, quce 

appellantes imperatoris : increpaverunt etiam alias in oftio prasbebat tranquillitatem longe 

duces fuos, quod iter non maturaffent. Con- undas impellens, exftinxit vehemens nofte in- 

fidebant in promontoriis, 6c ad mare Epirum- crebrefcens marinus ventus. Adeo ut ex sftu 

que intentis oculis naves profpeftabant, qui- maris & fluftus occurfu efFeratus afperatufquc 

bus eflent ad illum tranfmifluri. fluvius, fimul ingenti fragore gravibufque re- 

ApoUoniae Csfar, quum copias Pompeio tro inhibitus vorticibus, fuperari a guberna- 

non haberet fecum pares, quod cunftarentur tore nulla ratione potuit : itaque convertere 

reliqux quse erant Brundufii, fufpenfus an- navem nautis,ut remearet,juflit. Id Cxfar in- 

xiufque confilium init anceps : tantis nempe telligens, qui fit,aperit gubernatori, apprehen- 

clafllbus pelago ab hoftibus obfeflTo, clam faque manu ejus ad afpeftum fuum obftupefkc- 

omnibus navem confcendendi duodecim fcal- ti, Perge age, inquit, audafter, nec quicquam 

morum magnitudine, eaque Brundufium pe- time, Caefarem vehis, unaque Caefaris fortu- 

tendi. Igitur noftu vefte te£tus fcrvili con- nam. Ita tempeftatis nautae obliti, ac remis 

* in- 



142 K A I S A P. 

y^TTcu^ sfjL(pujun^, i^KillovJo TTcta-n Tr^B-vfjLici. tov TroTctfiov. dg o Itd cbto- 
£^, (h^oLf^^ mhT^luj B-dhcLTlcLV ^ mS*ujud)(rAg ov t4 ^ofjLctTh crwDi^ 
;)^W^«o"g jUotAct ctxwi/ t4 KvQi^vnTn fjLiTCL^eiheiv. dvUvTt q cwt^ k^ 7rAwd(^ 

OLTflwTCtiV oi ^^TIO^TCU) TfoT^XOL fJLifJL(pOp{)Ol "^ (^(TTrct^Qvlig, « fjLn TriTTHg^OU 

j^ (Tvv cwTol? fjLovoig iKGLVog HVou viKa,v, a?\A' (X^X^Q ^ rt^SctAAgJ) S^IOL 
raV '^vlctg, wV cim<fav Tolg Tra^Scrtv. 

'Ek TiiTH KCLTinX^u-i i^ 'Kvldvi^ *M B^gvljio-t» T(X.g S^ujudfjL^ig oiyddv, 
B-cij>pn(rag q Kou(rct^ 7T^^Kct7\&iT0 TlofjLWYiiov, li^^viBpov cv KctxS, Kj x^i^ 
y\i[]^ov iK Ti yY\g ^ ^ctKcLTlng "^x?^^^^^ ouuTog cv >iK ci<p^ovoig S^ici- 
yodv K(XT dqx^^^ ijTi^v Kj (r(po<^^ Trn^eig )s?70gia t^ ctvoLfKouoov. olK~ 
Act fiiroLV nvoi KOTilovlig oi <^^TmTOU, ■^ yoLAoLKli (pv^avlig n^^TiCpi^ylo, 
Kcd TtoTi K^ <^ioL7r?KOL(roLv]ig cJ^ ouuTfig (t^Tng, j^ Tcug Tf^^pvhoLKOLig 'p^i^ nO' 
KifJLiodV S^S^^^fJLovlig, KoLAhov ei(r6d Jtj (^iippiTflav, cJh7\iyov\ig, wV (jixe/' 
oiv w y« ToiouuTctg c/K(pi^n f>i(jtg, a •kcujtov^ TroAio^KQvlig IlofjLnmv. o 
l^Toi UofA.7rni(^ \iTi raV ctfra^ ars raV "hoyag eict THTng cAtCpi^i^ 
TT^g To 7F?S)^^. n^vfjLnv y) ol g-^u^Tcu^ tLlu dyeAOTnTOL j^ tIjj dTrd^ei^ 
av T^ TToMfjLiodV, oddTti^ ^Y^eAOdV, oppfflJ^si/lg?. ct« ^i TiVig (^ Tolg i^Vfia- 
(Tt Tolg Ilofi7rniii fJi^dxui (jjjo^hg lyiyvo^o' j^ c^Aw 7i:d(raxg 6 Kaia-a^, 
Tshhuij fjudg' CJD n T^Tfng fjLiydT^Y^g ^ofj^ng-, oAnv^vvSj^ri fop ^^Ai(rou to 
?-^T07fiSov. Ilofj,7rY\iii y^ 7r^(T^ahov\^, »<^«V IfJLeiViV, dXKd )^ Tdcp^ok 
KaTiTrifJLTrhallo KJeiVof^cdV, ^ <z^ Tolg coj'^ x^^&^^^ f^<^^^ ^ (^Tetxic- 

jua(riv 

incumbentes inftitere magna alacritate urgcre difficultate neceflariorum premeretur: ac ra- 

flumen. Ubi vero nequicquam fatigavertmt dicem quandam contunderent milites, eaque 

fe, atque multa accepta aqua periculum fubiit la6te fuba£ta vefcerentur. Panes quoque exea 

Csefar in oftio, permifit perquam invitus gu- confeftos provefti ad hoftium ftationes, intro 

bernatori recipere curfum. Egreflb occurre- miferunt projeceruntque, cum hifce verbis, 

runt catervatim milites, expoftulaveruHtque quoufque ejufcemodi tellus fcrret radices, non 

cum eo 6c indignati funtraajorem in modum, deflturos fe obfidere Pompeium. At Pompei- 

quod dubitaret vel folis cum ipfis vincere ho- us nec eos panes nec fermonespermifitinvul- 

ftes pofle, fed cruciaretur off^erretque fe dif- gus railitum eiFerri,ne flaccefcerent, immani- 

crimini ob abfentes, tanquam prxfentibus dif- tatem ac duritiem hoftium quafi ferarumhor- 

fidens. rentes. Serebantur quotidie circa vallum 

Inde appulitAntonius copias Brundufio ad- Pompeii tumultuariae pugnae, in quibus Cte- 

ducens. Tum confirmatus Ca;far kceffivit far omnibus fuperior extra unam fuit, in qua 

Pompeium. Ceperat hic coramodum caftris quum foede fugerent fui, caftra pene amifit. 

locum : cique neceflaria afl^atim terra mari- Nam quum eos eflet Pompeius adortus,nemo 

que fubvehcbantur, quum ille non ageret in locum tenuit:fed8cfoflk: caeforum corporibus 

ajffluentibus commeatibus, poft etiam graviter impletJe funt, atque ad vallum fuum munitio- 

nefque 



K A I S A P. 143 

uoLG-tv imTflov iT^cwvof^oi 7r^ol^07rci(^J. KcttTct^ vTroLvltd^m, iTret^Ta 
lA) dvoi?-^i(p^v ra? (p^yovlcL^, im^ouvs 'j \iHv' aJK^ ShXcifJL^aLVoij^H '^ 
(mfJLetoov dmhM^v o\ Mfjdlpvlig-, 6)V« S^vo k^ TejLoiKovlci hoL^Hv t«V 7roMjtA,i~ 
ag, ojuTog (^^ fJHK^v riXB-iV >^drtf«^ aVJ^gi ^ f/.iyoLh(d )tj jxidfjLOLAic^ 

^djyovlt TTOL^' OUJTOV (Ml^OL7K6dV tIw X^^^ A^^^ CMiA^fTh 'tj ^^i^Ps^ 

TT^g T»V TroMfjLia^' 3 fii^og (^v tcl^x^^ ^^ '^^ ^«"^»'' iTcei^ro tIw 
fjLoixo^^^ 6)V KOL^i^ofj^(^' (p^oivH ^i T» Kcti<rci^^ VTCoLcart^yig ^ihioKo. 

•J/fit? CWT^ TOV WfJLOV. ^TOd Q oiTriyVtd TOL KOL^' OUIJTOV, «Vs iTT&i J\ofJL7rY\\^ 

VTT AjhoL^eictg Tivog « Tvxyi^ ^yf^ fLiycLxtjj Tihi^ a;t mk^miv, dXhd m^- 
etP^cLg «V Tov x^^&^^^ '^^^ (p^yoviag dv^xf^^^^T^Vj ei^riv d^ 7t^g ^Qg 
^ihisg dTTK^v Kdi(roi^, (TYifti^ov dv « vim a^ Totg 7roXifjLioig Iw, « 

TOV VtmvloL etXOV' OUUTOg Q 7rOL^i?\.^0dV «V tIw CTkIuuIw K^ )iOLTOLKXt^eig,VV}iloL 

7roLo-£v bnmlw dvioL^mdTtw S'triyoL'^, h ^WfOi? '?\oyt(TfjLol.g, Cdg KOLK^g 
i<^^TY)yY\K(^g, oTt jc, X^^'^ ShKet\^Y\g (ioLS-eioLg k^ 7roModv SjS^cufjLovodV 
't^ yioLKii^ovtKi^v Kj Qi-flahtKOdV, id(roLg iKet c(§0.(md(Tca tov ^roMfjLov, cv- 

TOLV^OL KCL^i^OtTO 7r^g B-OLXdT%, VOUUK^Tiiv}(^V 'P^ TTOAg/^tfflV, TToAtO^Xa- 

ju$^(^ Tolg dvoLfKotiotg fJLdXKov « Toig o7r7\otg 7ro7\to^Koov. iiTCd q (Z^azroL- 
^etg yi^ dvtoLS-eig 7r^g tIuu '^eJ-oLV k^ ;^otAs7roVnTa t^J' TroL^jvlodv, dvig-y} 
Tov <^^Tov, cBi 1!,Kt7riot)VoL Tr^odyetv eig MoLKiMoLV iyvodKoog. « y^ iTri- 
cmd(Ti^ Tov HofjLTrmv o^ra fLOLxetrcu fJLYi x^^^^^^A^^ ofioicog '^cro tws 
B-oLTKd-flngy « (^i(ri^i fXifj,ov(Ai^ii ^Lm^rioiv^. 

nefque effufe fugientes cecidere. Fugam oc- ria erat, fi haberent vincentem. Tabernacu- 

currens Csfar quum liftere niteretur, nihil lum ingreffus decubuit, noftemque egit om- 

profecit. Quum ille figna corriperet, abji- nium illam inperplexisconfiliismoeftiflimamr 

ciebant ea figniferi, ac triginta duo in pote- quod belli gerendi rationem inftituiflet im- 

ftatem hoftium venere. Csfar ipfe fere fuit prudenter, qui, quum ager in propinquo la- 

oppreflus. Quum enim militi vafto & robufto tus eflet, urbefque abundantes Macedonix 8c 

fuga eum prsetervehcnti manus injiciens ma- Theflaliie, pr^termiflb iUuc converterc bel- 

nere 8c converterefeimperaret inhoftem, ille lum, ibi ad mare prsevalentibus clafle hofti- 

turbationis in difcrimine plenus, gladio ma- bus federet, obfefl*us magis rerum penuria ne- 

num ad eum csdendum admovit: cujus oc- ceflariarum, quam armis obfidens hoftes. Ita. 

cupavit humerum armiger Caefaris abfcinde- confliftatus 8c folicitatus anguftiis atque difii- 

re. Adeo autem res deploratae Caefaris erantj cultate rerum fuarum, vafis conclamatis du- 

ut quum Pompeius five fufpicione aliqua five cere adverfus Scipionem in Macedoniam con- 

fortuna non eflet facinus tam eximium profe- ftituitjratus aut fe attrafturum Pompeiumeo 

quutus, fed Gorapulfis intra vallum iis qui fu- ubi non perinde copiam maritimam habitu- 

giebant, receptui ceciniflet, diceret difcedens rus ad manum eflet, aut defolatum oppreflTu- 

Cajfar ad amicos, Hodie penes hoftes vido- rum Scipionem. 

Id 



K A I S A P. 

Tsro tIw UofjLTFm ^^ndv iTr^^e, Kj Tifg rafet cwtov ViyifXovcLgi dg 
VTlY}fj8iJii iij (p^yov](^ e%6^ KcwVa^©-. cwrog fj^ -^ ^•ha.^oig «;^g TiofjL^ 
7rm(^ oivcipjii-^ou tIw fjuix^ ^^ TnAwarfi)!/, )^ 7roL^i(r)t<^oL(riJ^^ dejL- 
90L TTOLG-i TT^g Tov x^^^^> *'2*'^ TeA^HV i^ fjLct^cumv tIw t^ mT^ifAm cIK' 
fjLbjt) |S^;^«af »(roti/. to yd^ toi fjLOLXifJLC^roLTov -<? ¥^ou(tol^(^ huuoifJLim 
ifjLTteiejLciv fjS^ HXi >^ ToTKfJLoLV oLvvTTog-oLTov TT^V T^V cLy&voLg, CV Toug 
7r?^oLvoug Kj Tcug ^e^To^rMcug j^ TeixofJLdx^vlig x, vvKTiyi^T^vJig c^UoLfjL- 
m -uztTD 7>9f6)f7 >^ (loL^eig yktolv Tolg Q-dfJLOLdt vrejg T^g irovagj <^i oL^ivaoLV 
iFmTa7\i7rovleg tIw yre^^vfjLioLV. TOTi o ^^ "^^ voG-YifjLOL 7\oifJL(^hg l^hix^Y), 

Tlut) dTOlcioLV -^ hcUTY^g TrOiYKTOLf&fJQV OL^X^y ^ "^? f£^T<(X <Z^<pi^i^ Tn 

KcwVct^^^. Ji} To fjLiyt?-oVi ^Ti x^^f^^^^v ij)f>(tifJ^(^9 Hti Te^CpYig dJ^ro^aVy 

Xej^^ (^^X^^ g(^0>C« 'Ztfef OUUTt^ KOLTCOwB-itTi^. 

Alci toujtol UofjLTTYjice fjLOLX^^ i^" (^nT^oi^a) fJLov^ iTrmd KoLT6)V, (pet- 

^ol T^ TTOhl^Pi^' oV yi )C, T»V TtiCTOvloLg QJi TH fJLOLXy} "^ TIOKifJLim-, «V X^- 

hiag To 7rAJ)6(^ '^ofjSpag, Mv, dTrnT^^iV ifaoLTw^dfMfj^^ k^ JcctTa^aa^v- 
(TOLg. ol cT' aAAot yrdvlig cAidM^pv tov Uofiyrmv (pvyofxoLx^v^oL, k^ noL^od^v- 
voLV, ' KyoLfJLifJLVovoL j^ f^oL(rihiOL ^oLo-iT^ioov "^mX^vlig, odg S^n fJLYJ (^aXof^i- 
vov )m)S-i^ TYiv fiovoL^x^oLv, dhh dycLKT^of^Qv, YiyifjLovm ToaiiTm c^n^- 
TnfJ^m cujtQ Kj (poiTc^vlm (Mi <tk!wIw. Oa&)n©^ q tIw KdTm(^ TToLJi- 
pncrtcti/ \:z3D7rQiiifj^(^, fJLOLVimg i^iTT^ictt^iV, el fMn^l T^Tig is-ou ^ (z^ 
Tii(T>LAdvov '^mhoLiij(Tou (Tvmv, hd jlw UofjL7rYil'ii fJLovoL^x^cLV. 'A<p^vioy q 

[vioig^i 

Id exercitum ducefque Pompeianos exci- cuniaria validus efTet, nec abundaret com- 

tavit, Caefari ut inftarent tanquam vifto 6c meatibus, brevi videbatur fua fponte coUap- 

fugienti. Nam ipfe quidem Pompeius mar- furus. 

tis aleam jacere tantis de rebus dubitabat, 6c Quapropter detreftanti proelium Pompeio 

quod omnibus eflet ad prolatandum bellum unus, quo civibus parceret, aflentiebatur Ca- 

optime infl:ru£l:us, in animo erat ei hofl:ium to. Quippe quum cecidifre in fuperiori a- 

temporarium vigorem atterere & exhaurire. cie de hoftibus ad mille confpexiflet, oper- 

Quippe pars Caefaris copiarum bellaciflima to capite abfceflit lacrymans. Cteteri tergi- 

peritiam habebat Scaudaciaminprceliirjquam verfantem Pompeium increpabant irritabant- 

nemo fubfifteret : in movendis vero huc illuc que omnes, Agamemnonem 6c regem regum 

& muniendis caftris, oppugnandis muris at- appellantes, quafi deponere nolentem impe- 

que excubiis agendis, flaccefcebant prjefenio, rium, fed gloriantem quod tam multi du- 

corporaque sgre ad labores moliebantur, ob ces parerent fibi , & tabernaculum fuum 

debilitatem corporis alacritate deftituti. Ad frequentarent. Favonius Catonis libertatem 

hasc lues dicebatur ex viftus vitiofitate or- in loquendo vecorditer ufurpans, quiritaba- 

tum ducens in exercitu Caefaris vagari: tur quod co anno ficubus Tufculanis vefci 

& guod erat graviffimumj quum nec re pe- ob Pompeii regnum non licerec Afranius, 

(qui 



K A I S A P. 145 

Xe^^fJ-O-^^- 7f^<^iivcu Tov g-^Tov) ^^c^Tct S^id Ti TT^g Tov if/.7ro§ov » f^dxK) 

TOV iOl>VY)l^OV "KCJL^ CWtQ TCig llt CJL^X^CLg . m THTCidV dTTclvlctiV (nWi7\CWV0fJ.i'^ 

j/(^ dmv dg fjLctxlw UojUTrniog kx^^^-> "^^" KcuG-a^ ^ic^mv. 3 tIjj 
ju6l/) a.7<hhLU Tto^dcLV ;;^^ctAs7r&)^ mcnv, ^hvog 7Fct^ix^v](^ oiyo^Vj clKT^cl 
7rcLvict)v mTCL(p^oviiv](t}V ^d tLuu ivalx^ ItIclv. &)V o «As TofM(p\ig QioTctAi- 
yjjuij TioK^v, « fJ^ovov s3-^g\I/£ tIw g-^Tidvj ctAAot k^ ra vo(rnfj.cLT^ cLTryiA^ 
Art^g c^^T^oyuag. d(p^ovct) '^ cMiTvxov oiV&), K^ iriovng dvi^lwy eiTCL ;^f&f-. 
l^oi y.odfJLOig, Ky ^cLKX^ovlig dvd tIw oc^oi/, c^ ^gOn^- ^m^^crcLvlo ;^ ttcl^- 
i\7\'K(X^cf.v To 7rdQ(^y eig V^iv hi^v Tolg (rodfjLCKTi fA.iTCL7r£(rov}€g. 

'Q.g «V tIlv <^a^(rct?\ictv 2fjL^ct7\ov]i.g dfj.(poT^oi mTi^T^TOTi^S^dj^ravy 
fjSp nofj.7Tniog ouuS-tg eig tov d^X'^^^ dviK^^eTO KoyidfJLov tIuu yvcofAYiv, 
gn 7ij (pa(rfLdTOiv a>c alcrioiiv ^i-^o^r-j^oi^cev, k^ m^' vttvov o-^ectig. iS^om 'p 

iOUUTOV O^dv QJV n4 S-iaT^Cd K^OTiif^OV -USTO 'VodfJLCUOdV. ol Q (^ COJTOV ^TOi 

3-^(Tiig Yi(TaVy »9 to viufja Talg s7K7ri(n •K^oeiXy^^poTegy wVrg (pi7\.oveiKeiv 
vTTi^ -^ KctjWfi^ d^X^i^^(TiWYig AofJLiTiov j^ ^^ivB-Yi^ ^ ^KiTriodva, ^ia- 
fiiKAodfj^ag otAAwAoi?' 7rifL7reiV q TToAAaV eig'?odfx.bju fjLi^ai^^ig k^ Tuqom- 
Ta7\afJL^dvov\ag olyciag v7raT<^ii(Ti k^ 9^TYiyQ(Tiv o^rwiTeiW, &)? dj^vg d^~ 
^Qvlig fji^ Tov 7io7\ifj.ov. fjidXi<^a 3 \(T(pd^atov o< \7T7ieig cBi tyiv f/.dxl^y 
ti(T>inijSfoL c^-floog oTrKodv 7\afJ.7r^TY\(Th J^ T^o(paig 'm^toaVj >^ mK7\ei (TOd- 

fid- 

(qui ex Hifpania nuper re male gefta vene- fam corporis habitudinem. 

rat, calumnia prcflus exercitum pecunia pro- Ut vero in campos Pharfalicos ambo deve- 

didifTe) rogabat quid ita non cum mercatore, nere 8c caftra funt metati, Pompeius con- 

qui nundinatus ab fe fuiflct provincias, dimi- vertit denuo ad priftinum confilium mentem, 

caret. His omnibus Pompeius ad confligen- quum etiam dira fpe£l:ra & vifio eflent ei in 

dum contra fentcntiam fuam compulfus per- fomnis oblata : videbatur enim fibi a populo 

rexit Casfarem infequi. IUe reliquum iter Romano plaufu in theatro excipi. At qui 

afperum habuir, commeatuum comparando- eum fequebantur, adeo erant feroces, vifto- 

rum prxbente copiam nemine, fed omnibus riamque fpe prsceperant, ut de Csefaris fa- 

eum ob recentem cladem defpicientibus. Ut cerdotio contenderent Domitius, Spinther, 8c 

Gomphos Theflalije urbem cepit, non mo- Scipio, inter fe rixantes : multi Romam mit- 

do aluit exercitum, verum etiam morbo mi- terent ad conducenda 8c occupanda ^edifi- 

ra ratione explicavit. Quippe iUic quum cia confulatum & praeturam gerentibus op- 

magnum numerum vini inveniflent, eo portuna, quafi mox a bello gefturi magifla^a- 

largius haufto comeflTabundi inde 8c bac- tum, Glifcebant prjEcipue equites pugnam, 

chabundi in via ex crapula propulfaverunt armorum fplendore ex£ulti eximie, equorum- 

alteraveruntque morbum, converfi in diver- que fagina 8c corporum nitore inflati, 8c 

VoL. IV. T ob 



146 



K A I S A P. 



Kcu(rct^(^ ovJig. Iw '"j k^ to t^ TTiljSv 7rAJid(^ a>c (i[yy>yL(0\ov-, d7\7\.ai ts- 
T^ncTfJLveAoi -^ TFivJaKi^iTyioi Tfct^iTCLTlovlo i^KTfJUueXotg )^ (S^i^ihioig. 

'O Kcucra^ raV ^^TiodToig (rtwoLyctyodV, k^ Tr^eiTFOdv dg S^vo iBp cw- 
tJ TciyficLTcL Koe,C^m©^ d.ym hfyvg Wiv, olKKcu ij TnvJiKou^iKOL a^et^cu 

fj(^ KolXIwQ KOL&lur) ^Ztfet MiyOL^ Kj 'A^LuUCLg, ri^OdTYjG-iV eiTi (^iihOV^ Trgg/- 

fjSifjHV cMeivag, etTS ouuto) (S^iomiv^ujuivcrcu kol^' louuT^g. ol 3 clviQomctv, hoy^oi 
fjLYi fE^fjS^etv, ctAAa fJLoiKhov oiim TcLx^^^ct (rtwmdiv elg X^^'^ "^^^^ TroAg- 
fjiioig TiX^cL^i^ K^ g-^Tnyeiv. nomiB^cd q KOL^-oL^fjLov ouutu t' ^vuucLfj,im-> v^ 

^V(TCLV\i TO TT^^TOV k^eloV, <^'9uV fjLOLvlig i(p^(j, TejLoiv YifJLi^OdV fJLcLx^ ^L^A- 

J9-Mcrgc^ TT^g raV TroXifjLi^ig. i^fj^fjn q r« Kcu(tol^(^ ei k^ ^afef tS tsAs^ 
ciio^a! Ti Tol? h^etoig SjcrnfJLov, 'AvTog (JLV, 2(pyi, (tv tSto (^iAnov \:zffOKeJ.- 

VCUO (TOUUT^- fJLiycL7\\w y) o\ ©gO< fjLiTOL^07\luU K^ fJLiTCL7fi(Ji<nV StU. TOL C/JOLV- 
rioL '^ KCILB-i?OdT(£)V (^YlT^QcTLV' 6)Vsj el fjSfJ iV TT^TleiV «yM (TiOUJTOV cBi 75) 
TTOL^vlh tLuJ X^i^^^ ^^(tS^QKOL TVX^' « >LOLKCdg, tIw OLfLeiVOVOL. TM Q 
TT^ '^ fJLcLxng VVk\\ TlXg (pv7\0LK0Lg 'i(poJ)^Ov](^ OUUtS, O^ TO (Jti(rOVVKJlOV 

(tiCp^n 7\0LfjL7i(jig S^via Trv^g, «f v7ri^iVix^^<yoLV to KcuacL^^ '^^To-ni^ov, 

7\cifL7r^v K^ (pKoyodi^yj ^op^tw, tS^o^iV eig to HofiTrriiii KciLT0L7ri7eiv, w- 

S-ivyig (pv7\0LKiig Kj ttolvikqv tol^X'^^ Y\Srov\o, ytyvofjSfjov (z^ Tolg woAi- 

fjLioig. a fjluu fLoLx^^cd yi kolt cAteivlw 7r^(ri<^iiK0L tIw nfJ-i^v, ol7\7\ol (ag 

c^ (TKOT^g oi^Sjc^v dvil^djyvviv. 

'Ettb 

ob multitudinem quoque, quod fcptem millia eum cum hoflibus decreturum. Exquirente 

cum mille Julianis compararentur. Nec ve- CiEfare, ecquid in extis portenti de exitu 

ro peditum erat par numerus, fed coramitte- confideraret ; Re£tius, inquit, tute tibi de eo 

bantur quadraginta quinque millia cum vi- refpondeas. Mutationem enim Dii viciflitu-' 

ginti duobus millibus. dinemque in diverfa grandem flatus prasfen- 

Caefar autem advocata concione demonflra- tis prsfagiunt. Itaque fi re& tuas ducis in 

vit militibus Cornificium, qui duas legiones prafentia l^tas, infeftiorem fortunam expec- 

fibi adducebat, non longe abefle, alias quin- ta: fin triftiores, Ixtiorem. No6tc, quas 

decim cotiortes diice Caleno prope Megaram pugnam anteceflit, quum vigilias obiret, cir- 

£c Athenas confidere, qusefivitque operiri il- ca concubiam noftem confpexere facem coe- 

los, an dimicare vellent foli : illi vero con- leftis ignis, qu^e fuperlata Ca;faris caftris il- 

clamarunt, orantes ne rem duceret, fed mo- luftris £c fiammea exifliens, delabi vifi eft in- 

liretur potius £c rationem iniret, quo figna tra Pompeii pritfidia. Vigilia matutina pani- 

cum hoftibus quamprimum conferrent. Lu- cum tumultum apud holtes animadvertere: 

itranti exercitum & pfioiam hoftiam immo- pugnam tamen non exfpeftabat in eum diem, 

lanti nunciavit arufpex, intra triduum pugna fed figna movit, ut iter Scotufam intenderet. 

De- 



K A I S A P. 147 

T«V TFoMibLin^ cJ^ (^^X^ mTOL^^ouveiV dnaSyiKKovligj (^XH'^^ '%o^(^>, 
yi <^'Jct|4^(^ Toig Qeoli, 'KCLejiTa.Tli tIuj (pcLAafyciy tIw tol^iv TeATrXlw 
TToicdV. ii^ Tolg i^p fjLi(roig iitknTi Y^clK^^Ivov AoiJ.iTiov, 'P^ q u^TOdv to 
u^ ^X'^^ 'Avl&)i/i(^, ouuTo? T^ ^i^toV) h T^ hzoLTca ToiyfjLOLn fJLihXm 
uctyeSl. >C/ tSto o ra^ ^^ TroMfjLim miteig oLv}i.T;^TOLTlofj8{J8g o^^v-, ^ 
hhimg tIjuu 7\oLfjL7r^Tr)Tct >9 to ttAmO©^ cw-^y }k^ -^ if^ctTYig Toi^iOdg 
Mxo^g ou7\^(Ti (skAiKheiv vr^g lauuTov l§ (mei^.g, j^ kolto^tiv gV«a-g t« 
<rg|ta, (^iS^oL^ctg (t xe,^ Troteiv otglv oi 'P^ TtoKifJLioav lyr^reig 7r^ocr(pi^odv}ca. 
IlofjL7rm(^ ro ^jQ^ ouuTog «%g t^ Ki^TcaVy to c^' Ajc^vv(jlov AofZiTi(^) 
tQ fJLi(rii XKiTrioiV y)^X^v 6 Trev^i^g- oi iJ i7r7reig (X.7roL}ilig cJ^ to dejLS^i^ov 

Ke^(yOLV, Cdg TO ^i^iOV KVKhOddOl^Oi T^ 7to7\ifJii(AV, J^ 7\(XfJL7r^V fsfei ouu- 
TOV TOV riyifJLOVOL TtOiYKTOl^Oi TP^7VY\V. ^O^iV 'y^ OLV^i^eiV (l0L^(^ mKiTiKYig 

<p0LK0Lfy(^, cLK7\dL (TiwTeJL^^i^ »9 KcLTCL^^cL^i^ 7roLv]ct Toig CVOLvJiOig, Sh^ 

€oAw? (LfLCf. TOa-«Ta)V \7l7li(^V •^OjwS/JH?. g7r« Q (TYifMCtiVeiV ifJLi7\K0V oifJL(pOTi^t 

TYiV i(pohv, IlofjL7r^i(^ f^ (yKi7\<h(Ti Tiig 07r7\iTOLg gV^rot? hji Tr^^^oh^ j^ 

l^OvlcJLg Ct^^V&)? ^^X^^ '^^^ cBl^^fJ^YiV 'fjy 7V07\ifJLic6Vi fxixf-g (X.V VO^S 

(ioXrig b^og '^o^^)- KoMC-ct^ q j^ (^ tQto (S^icLfjLoL^Teiv (pi)(TiV oJUToVy 0L'y- 

M0Yi(TOLv\oL T«l/ jW^ J^^OjUa V^ (poQi^V CV OLeX^ yiVOf^luU (TVJipa^iV, 6)V iV TS 

Tctig TTKnycug (hioLV 7re^(TTiB-Y](Ti, Ti^ (TtwiKKouei tov BvfjLov, ba Troivlctiv oivoLp- 
'pi7ii^o[^ov. cuuTog Kiviiv TY\v (pcL7\0LfyaL fjLi7\7\cov, Kj 7r^'iodv W i^yov, « j^)j 

TT^OO- 

Detenfis jatn tabernaculis accurrunt ad eum trum hoftium, atque ad latam fugam cirea 

fpeculatores, inftruere fe ad proelium nunti- ipfum ducem efficiendam : nullam enim arbi- 

antes hoftem. Ibi Ixtus 6c Deos precatus a- trabantur quantumvis profundam peditum a- 

ciem ornat, eamque triplicem inftruit. Me- ciem fubftituram, fed obtritum iri omnia 

diie Domitium Calvinum prseficit : in altero conculcatumque impreflione tot pariter equi- 

cornu Antonius: in dextro ipfe egit, quo in tum in hoftes fafta. Quum jam in eo eflet 

legione decima pugnaret. Hinc hoftium equi- ut figna canerent, imperavit antefignanis 

tatum confpicatus oppofitum, eorumque ve- Pompeius, ut in procinftu atque in veftigio 

ritus alacritatem numerumque, abultima acie ftantes & infefta pila haftafque tenentes ho- 

occulte fex cohortes exciyit, quas locavit po- ftium impetum exciperent, quoufque intra 

ne dextrum cornu, docuitque quid facien- pili ja6lum veniflent. Csfar vero & in eo 

dum effet quum hoftium equitatus incurre- ait Pompeium errafle, qui nefciret incita- 

ret. Pompeius altcrum cornu ipfe tenuit, fi- tum formidabilemque initio incurfum tum 

niftrum Domitius, medise aciei focer ejus iftibus vim addere, tum animos inflamma- 

Scipio praefuit. Totius equitatus moles erat re ex omnibus excitatum. Aciem moturus 

in finiftro cornu ad circumveniendum dex- &: rem jam aggrediens , primum confpicit 

T i cen- 



14« K A I S A P. 

cMi^a^(rlwoyla vdg v(p' cwm ^ 7r^(rKahii{^ov eig oi^vvav dxmg. tStov ovo- 
fJLa<ii n^(Tayo^Sj(Tagy Ti eA7fi[^opfy eiTTiv, w Tah K^.oj-<'i/ig, j^ vrcdg n 
^^(Tag iX^ySp 5 K^oTm(^t cMJeivag tIw h^^idv^ ;^ fjL%ya ^owagy 
NixnVo^, i(pY)y 7\afJL7r^odg-, w Kcu(ra^. l/ULi y) ri ^&vla tyijuls^v « Ti^vmo- 
Ta sTTcuviorag. TCWTa eiTTUV, 7r^m(^ ifJL^cLKKei Tolg TToMfjLioig (^^f^ca, a-uv^ 
i7ri(ma(r(X.[^(B-' raV (^ ovtov tKaTov mo(n <^^TmTag. (^iayto-^ag q t^V 
yr^odTng, k^ Trpj^n) x^?^^ ^^^^ tcoAAiS >t, ^ia^opfj(^, ctvay.o7i\iTcu ^i(pet 
7rA«7«V (^ioi tS 5"0(W.ctT©-'j &)Vg k^ tLuu cdxfjdw vttI^ to Iviov oLva^eiV. 

OvTCt) T^ TTg^Jyi/ K^ To f/,i(rov cTvy^a^^TOdv v^ f/.axofjS{j(tiv "ihri tQ xg- 
^T^, oi tS TIofjL7rriiii \7r7reig cro^a^cog sttyiKouuvov, eig KVKXodciv tQ A^iS 
Toig i7\ag civix^fj^oi' k^ TrCAV ri n^d^aXeiv ouuT^g, c/jtr^sp/bo-ii' cd (mei^ou 
rtt^ Kouaa^©^-, iiX ^Ws^ «wOctcriV cLnovlijfjLaG-i x^^l^'^^ '^o^^ vojo]g, kiS^l 
fjLYi^^g Tiaiovlig ok. X^^J^ ^ KvnfjLag t^ TtoXifjLim, oiKAoi '^ o-^^m i(pii- 
fjQ^oi, ii TOL 7r^(r(ti7ra (riaj\iTe^(id(TKov\ig' "cztra Kou(Ta^(^ ^eS^iS^ay-fjSfJoi rs- 

TO TfOielv, iX7ti^0v\(^ dv^^g a 7T07<hd 7f07\lfX0ig nh T^CWfjLa(TlV U)fJH7\YiK0- 

lag-, viag 3 )^ KOf^STag S^ KaKXei v^ aie^ct, fx.d7.\.<;a Tdg ToiouuTag 7r7.Y\- 
ydg ^W^I/gc^) >9 fx.Y\ fjSpetv tov b) i4 7ra^v\i y.ivS^uvov, dfjca y^ tIw ouIj- 
B-ig cd^wulw hhuoTag. H >9 cTVJJi^cmiv' a yj riveixoi^o -j^ vot£v dva- 
(Pi^f^fjm, «cTg iTo7\fj.m cv o(p^a7\fjLolg tov wiS^yi^v 6e£v\ig, ctAA' i7ti<T^i- 
(povio Kj (TwuiKa7\v7t\ov\o-> (peiJ^of^oi rpi 7r§o(TC^7fm. k^ t2A(^, aVdy tol^- 

^avJig 

centurionem fidum fibi & rei militaris exper- cumvcniendam dextrum cornu producentes. 

tum, qui confirmabat manipulares fuos, con- Priufquam fecerunt hi irruptionem, cohortes 

citabatque ad fortiter dimicandum. Huncno- illie Cosiaris provolant, non ut affiieverant, 

mine compellans, Qiiid fpei, inquit, C.Craf- pila intorquentes, neque femora hoftium aut 

fini, 6c quid animi habemus ? Craflinius dex- crura comminus caedentes, fed ora petunt fa- 

tra protenfa alta voce exclamans, Infignem, ciemque convulnerant : quod do6ti a Csfare 

inquit, Csfir viftoriam referemus. Me ve- fuerant, fperante homines juvenes parum bel- 

ro hodie aut vivum aut mortuum commenda- lis aut vulneribus afluetos, florentes autem 

bis. Sic fatus, primus curfu in hoftes irru- astateatqueob formte decusjadtabundosmaxi- 

pit,fuofque fecum centum viginti militestra- me ea vulnera formidaturos, neque prasfens 

hit. Dum perrumpit principes, magnaque expeftaturos periculum, fimulque deformita- 

caede 6c vi progreditur, inhibetur trajeftoper tem in pofterum verituros; quod fane evcnit. 

os gladio, ut mucro fub occipite extaret. Neque enim pila elata tolerarunt, neque fer- 

Ita pedeftri certamine media acie commif- rum afpicere fuftinuerunt fub oculis, fed con- 

fo & confligcnte, ex cornu la;vo Pompeii e- verterunt fe, obvelaveruntque faciem,ut eam 

quites magno faftu invehuntur, alas ad cir- protegerent. Poftremo ita feraetipfi contur- 

bantes 



K A I S A P. 149 

^av}ig icwTi^? ST^Trovlo (psJyeiv, ai<^i<^a. KvfXYivaiJ^oi to (rvfjLTrctv. dj^vc 
y) oi (^ viVtKmoTig TiiTi^g, cawkKSvIo raV Trg^aVj j^ >C/ vcdTH ir^od-Ki-nlov- 
Tig iKOTrlov. UofjLTTYiiog i} Mg y.oLTeihv "^m S-cLTi^H T^g l%n^g <pvyy) (mi^oL- 
tSrivloLg, iiKiTi Iw oLJUTog, isS'' ifjLifJLVmo HofjLmiog Sv Mctyv©-', ctAA' 
\W 0g» jaaAiTct ^KoLTfloi^cd tIw yvc^jLtlw koiKc^g, y) S^iol S-eiag Yi-flYig Ti- 
^aiuL^Y)i^(^-> a<p^o?y(^ 4x^'^'^ oLTTim Sm (TKhjulw' j^ Kah^o^j^^^ c/aa- 
^i^oKet To fjLihKov, a')(p' ^ T^TTYig oLTToLvloiV 'j^of^Y}g ivri^couvov ol no?^i~ 
(jLm ra x^^^^^ ^y S^^ifJLoixovlo n^g raV (pvKoLTJovJag. tots q Odcm^ tv- 
vag ^op{j(^, j^ touutIw fjLovhuu, ^g (pacri, (podvlw 0L(pHg, iiKQv ji^ S^ 
rhuu Tra^i/uL^^ohljuu ', oimSv(roLTo f^ tIuu cMayo^vtov j^ g-^TYiy^KYiv h^i)Ta, 
(pdjyovJi Tf^iTTiicrav fLLiTa^ahcov vm^nT^^iv. otAA' Jt©-' ju9/j Tctig v<^i^ov 
X^n(roLfjS{j(^ Tvx<^-'^:> ^^^? Ti (Z^i^iig iswTov Tolg AlyvTrJioig dv(^^.(riv 
dvYie^i^Yi, ^nT^^fJjp QJD Tol; (S^ cMeiva yp^fjLfjLadiV. 

O KcWO-a^, 6)V CV TM x^^^^ T^ HofJLTtYiia ^OfJ^(^, T^g Tl x«- 

jt/SljJb? viK^ig Y\h ^^ no7\ifjLi(jDV eih, y^ raV cJ^KJeiVof^ag, ^mv d^ fs- 
vd%ag, T^To i^nKYiB-ncTav , eig t^to fjLi dvdlkng vnnyayov, ha Tdiog 
Kdji(7a§, fjLiyigag TroAifxag KaTo^^od(rag, ei ■K^onKdfJLhuu Ta s-^Tt^fxaTaj 
xctj/ KaTi(hKd^hju. ToutJTa (pn^ri noAA{'(wy 'Aa-<Wt(^ rct mfJLaTa Vodfxou<ii, 
fjS^ dvacp^iy^a^ tov Koucra^ a^^ tov toti kou^v, 'EKhhjui^ri <^' vtt' cw- 
tQ yiy^(p^cu. T^ Q ^xTToBavovlodv T^g 7rA«Va?, okiTag -jlfji^cu, f^ Tnv 
KaTdhn^^^v tQ ;^ot^;c^ dvui^i^ivlag' <r^TmTag q fxn TfXeiag i'^aKi^i7\i~ 

bantes turpiffime terga dedere, fummamque gienti congrua vefte ejecit fe clam ex ca- 

rei perdidere. Extemplo enim qui hos profli- Ilris. At hic in quos incidit cafus, & quem- 

gaverant, peditatum circundederunt, impetu- admodum tradidit kk -^gyptiis, interfeftuf- 

que fafto terga holtium ceciderunt. Pompei- que eft, in commentariis de illius vita edifle- 

us ut equites confpexit ab altero cornu effufe rimus. 

fugientes, non ultra idem ille fuit, nec me- Cxfar poftquam in caftra Pompeii venit, 

minit Magnum fe Pompeium efle^verum non & ftrata jam hoftium corpora eft contempla- 

fecus ac fi Deus ei mentem ademiflet, vel cla- tus, eofque qui adhuc interficiebantur, ge- 

dc divinitus immifFa expavefceret, tacitus re- mens ait, Hoc voluerunt, atque huc me ne- 

cepit fe in prxtorium, ibique fedens eventum ceffitatis redegerunt, ut C. Ca;far maximis 

expeftavit pugnce : quoufque omsibus in fu- perpetratis bellis, ab exercitu li difcefiiffiem, 

gam confternatis adorirentur hoftes vallum, 6c damnatus effem. Hxc memorat Afmius Pol- 

cum ftatione proeliarentur. Tunc quafi ad lio verba Latine Caefarem id temporis dixif- 

mentem reverfus, quum unam hanc (ut fe- fe, quje ipfe Grsce fcripfit : Eos, qui ceci- 

runt) vocem mififfet, Etiam in caftra ? de- dere, maxima ex parte fuiffe fervos, qui dum 

pofitis infignibus imperatoriis fumptaque fu- caftra capiebantur^caefi fuere.Militesnonplus 

1 fex 



I50 



K A I S A P. 



TOLyfjLaTCL' Trohhoig d ^ ^ oJhcpaM&v a^etcLv iS^oduV m y^ Bf ar©^ Iw o 
xleivoLg cwTov v^i^v, 2(p' « Asyg^ /ww (pcuvof^u) f^ dymicidouy o-oiB-iv^ 
t(^ J^ a^^^^oiBpa TT^g ouutqv Yi^hou (^ioL^pi^vJoog. 

^Yijueim TTohK^v '^of^&iv -^ viKYigy smCpoLVig-oLTOv Wo^eiTou to (^ 
T^KN^g. bi ^ 46^6) Nw»?, dvJ^e^oig d^nKei Kcu(roL^(^, Jt, to cs^ ouJto 

^OOeJioV OUUTO Ti <?^iOV (pVQ-ei, Kj Ki^Ce) (TKTkYI^^ KOLTS^^OdljSfOV Iw (X.Vu3-£V' iK. 

TiiTH xiya^nv oLvaTeiAou (poiviKct a^^ t!w' (ioLcriv tS oivi^e^cLvl^^. h QlTa- 
TaCtw, rot<'(^ Ko^vY)7\i(^y dvvi^ ^^QnfjL(^ cJ^ fJLGLvlm, Ai^i'a Ta (tvU 
y^(pwg nohiTYig v^ yvuie^fJL^^, BTvfxcLViv stt' olmoig KOLS-Yif^^ CMeivlw 
tUv rifjLi^v. Ky TT^mov f^, (^g Ai^\f^ <Py\(j\v, tov kou^v iyvct) -^ yM.ot;^«^, 
yij Tt^g T^g TTOL^vloLg t(pY\, oVt k^ (^ti Wi^ouvs^ to X^P'-^^ ^9 (rujuiacriv etg 
i^yov ol M^ig. cuuS-ig iJ vr^g tm S-icL ^of^(^, yCj tcjl (TYifJLeici koltk^c^v, 

OLVnT^OLTO fJLiT CJt^^(TlCL(TfJL^, (^OCdV, NiK^Zg 6) KoUdOL^. 'z/KTTKcf^TCdV j) T^ 
t^^Ty^^Ol/lwi/, (^i?\(idV TQV ^i(paLVOV >W T' Ki(pOLMg, b^OdfJLOTC^g i<pYi, [JLYi 

neJ^v (i)^B-YKr&(^ ttolT^iv y) twc^s tm Tg^^VM fJLa^TV^Yiaou to i^yov. tcwtol \^ 

Sv A/^t©-' aV&) ^i^ KdTCi^i^OUHTOU, 

Kcu(roL§ T^ QiTlctX&v Wvei tIw gA<5li3-gg/ot!/ dvct^eig viKYiTYieAov, gcTiWg 
TlofiTrmov' d-^dfj^^ o i? 'A(ricig, KviS^iag o, &io7i;ofjLn(d t^ (^tifJctyoLyovli 
T»V jttJOa^ ;:^ct6^(j5f4^(^, y)A<^3-2^&)crgi/, >^ Trdtcri toT? t^^ 'A(rioLv KoLTQiKS(ri 

TO TgiTOV T^ (fl0^6)t/ dVYlKiV- «V Q 'AAgJotJ/J^^ttOtV c^' ITOjUTrmV TS^^YIKOTl 

KOLT- 

fcx millia interfefti. Pedites captos legioni- ram dabat aufpicio. Hic primum (ut Livius 

bus fuis Caefar fere immifcuit. Multis etiam autor eft) tempus proelii cognovit, pr^fenti- 

illuftribus viris dedit incolumitatem : in qui- bufque geri ait nunc rem, & proelium duces 

bus Brutus, qui poft eum occidit, ftiit, de committere. Ubi iterum aves infpexit, ad- 

quo dicitur non comparente anxius fuifle, 6c vertitque figna, furore correptus exiliit cla- 

quum veniffet ad eum falvus, majorem inmo- mans, Vincis Casfar. Obftupefcentibus illis qui 

dum gavifus. aderant, detraftacapiticoronajuravitnonprius 

Hujus viftorice multa prodigia fuere. Cla- fe repofiturum eamquamhuic arti res eflet ipfa 

riflimum traditur, quod Trallibus accidit. E- aftipulata. Hoc Livius verum efle affirmat. 
rat in templo viftorias Cfefaris ilatua confe- Ctefar viftorise ergo data Theflalorum gen- 

crata. Solum circumjeftum cum fua fponte ti immunitate, Pompeium infequutus eft. 

erat rigidum, tum duro lapide in fuperficie Quum Ailara attigiflet, Cnidiis Theopompi 

conitratum. Inde referunt paU-nam ad ftatuae gratia,ejus qui fabulas fcriptis collegit, vaca- 

ejus bafim fuifle enatam. Patavii C. Corne- tionemmunerumdedit.Cunftis Afiamincolen- 

lius auguralis fcientiae' peritus, Livii hiftorici tibus remifittertiam tributi partem.Poftquam 

civis&: familiaris, fub idem forte tempusope- Alexandriam mortuo Pompeio appulit,The- 

odo- 



K A I S A P. 151 

xarct;^d«V, Bio^oTov ^ clm<r^(py)i tIuu Uo^Trmn }ti(pcihtw (pi^yjot, ty\v 
Q (T^p^yiS^a. h^GLf^(^ r» dvS^^og KaTeS^cl^vG-sr o(roi q i^" ircu^ov ouu- 
tS il (TiWY^^m 7r7\ctvod(Mpot k^ r«V x^&^^ sa7\oiKi(rav \W r« (^au-iKiaig, 
%(iv\oL<; dji^yiTYKTiV k^ Tr^o-nyoiysTO. Tolg q (pi?\.oig elg ''Pcdju.lw 'iy^Cpiv 
OTi -f vlmg ^^Xouuoi tSto fjLiyi^^ov j^ yiSi^ov, to (r(a^av Tivcig ciei t^ -ki- 

7roXefJLY)K0T(iiV TTOAtT^ OUUTt^. TOV j OLUTQ^i 7T0'hifMQV-> Ql fj^ iiK OLVOLFK.0U0Vy 

ctAA' gf&ir* KhionoLT^g ol^o^ov ouut4 "^ kiv^ujugo^S^y} «^gc^ Aiya^rLV oi j 
rQg (ioL(riXiK^g mti^v^, k, julolAi^fci tov djv^x'^^ Uo^moVy og Tfhei^ov J^u- 

VCt(jSlj(^, iij Uo/ULTTYIiOV fJ^ OLVYJ^YjKOdg IvOLpX^^y C4i^S^AW&)V Q KAgOTTCtr^y,. 

K§v(poL [jS^ Im^^^T.Sji t4 ¥<ou(Ta.eX >9 <^tot tSto (pa<T]v ouutov oi^^oLf^ov 
C4t T()Ti (^iavvKli^(^jeiv CM Toig -KOToig, %viKa (pv7\aKY\g tS (rdfjLaT^^. (pavi- 
^ag 3 iiK riv dviKlog, cBi(p^ova noT^hd -^ ir^og ij^eA^ dg tov K.ou(ra^ Ag- 
ym p^ n^-flm. raV f^ y^ <^^TiaTag tov kolm^tov jbLiT^afjQfjag >^. TraAcu^ 
orctroi/ (tItov, oAiiKihiTiV oivix^^ ^ '^i^yav, \^iov\ag tol oL7\h(3Tejta' Troog 
Q TOL S^einva (TK^i^riv ix^'^'^ ^v7\m\,g v^ u^.fjiioig, ©V rct XV^^^ ^ dey^- 
^ TFoLvla Kou(ra^(^ ^x^^^ ^^ "^* X§^^- (^^^^^v y^ 6 r» ^a(T47\t^ov\(^ 
TOTi TraTY)^ KoMVcte/ ^^aAjW i7t\aK0(Tiag 7riv\Y\Kov\oL (jLveActS^ag, m Toig fj^ 
ctAAot? dvY\MV Toig TTcudiv avT^ 7r§()Ti^v Kouora^, Toig 3 ^^^tAiot? «J/a to~ 
rg Act^wi/ (^ia^^i-^cii to q^T^fxa. ra 3 IloOai/a vm f^ avTov d^riivcu, 
v^ '^ fxiyd7\(t)v ix^cjcu 7r^yfj,dT(tiV Ki7\.ivov]^, wVs^i/ o KOfjLiei^ou fj(^ 
xdeJLT(^, et^TGov &)V Alyv^fJicdV gAa;^(5"ct (^ioiTo (TVfx^^iT^odv, KDv(pa Tnv KAs- 

OTrdT^V ^SJTO T? X^&^^ fJLiTiTtifJJTiTO. Y^d- 

odotum, qui capuc Pompeii fibi obtulit, aver- propakm multa hic non toleranda ad C«fa- 

fatuseft. Annulum ejus accipiens illacrymavit. ris invidiamSc contumeliam loquebatur facie- 

Amicos 8c familiares ejus, qui ea in regione batque. Nam vitiofiffimum & vetuftiffimum 

palantes capti a rege fuerant, benigne acce- militibus metiebatur frumentum, addens, fer- 

pit omnes, ac beneficiis fibi devinxit. Ro- rent £c acquiefcerent, quod vefcerentur alie- 

mam ad amicos fcripfit, eum ex vi6toria ca- nis. Ad coenas vafis ligneis & figlinis juffit 

pere fe maximum 8c jucundiflimum fru6lum, miniftrari, aurea 8c argentea Ctefarem ferens 

quod quotidie aliquos cives, qui oppugnave- omnia accepifl~e in folutum. Quippe patri re- 

rant fe, fervaret. Bellum Alexandrinum alii gis Casfar feptingenties expenfum ferebat ; ex 

non neceflarium, fed Cleopatris amore foe- quibus caetera liberis ejus Csfar ante condo- 

dum ei periculorumque plenum, perhibent naverat. Qiiadringenties tunc repetebat ad 

fuifl"e. Accufant alii regios, 8c eunuchum fuftinendum exercitum. Qiium Pothinus di- 

imprimis Pothinum, qui maxima prxditus ceret ei,in prtefentia ut abiret,& magnis ne- 

autoritate,occifo nuper Pompeio, exafta quo- gotiis infifteret,poft curagraria creditumeum 

que Cleopatra, clam Cceiliri llruebac infidias : ablaturum ; refponfo dato, minime fe ^Egyp- 

quapropter ferunt eum exinde coepifle corpo- tiorum confilium requirere, Cleopatrara clara 

m tuendi caufa iu conviviis pernoilare. Ac ex agro excivit. 

Illa 



152 K A I S A P. 

■4? clKCLTm jbLlK^V QM^CLCTCt-, ToHg f^fi (hcKTlX^Oiq TT^G^i^iV, n^Y) (TVITMTci- 

^ovl(^- W^a j tS 7\ci^eiV ov](^ aAA&)?, « f/S/) ag <F^(^fjLa.TQh(rfj,ov CJVfN- 
<rcx. TT^oTeivei fJL&jt^v kouuTYjV, o q ' K7to7\7\o^(t)^(^ ijULoivli (riwi^moLg tov 9^cd- 

p.CILToh(TfJLOV, eiG-KOfJLiljH (^Lcl ^V^SlV TT^g TOV Y^CUdCL^, V^ T>iT(jb Ti TTe^d^TO) 

?\tyiTou i4 Tix^nfjLctTi '^ KAsoTTaV^? ct7\mcu, 7\cJLfJLV^q <pcivei(rngy >l ^ 
a7\7\Yig 0fJLi,7\icLg lij x^^'^^ 'y\t\(AV «^of/^©^, ^icLK7\cL^cju it^og tov dhxCpoVi 

^; CrVfL^CL(Tl7\^ii(TCLV. iTteiTCL 3 TCUg hcf.7\7\CLyCJUg i^Mf^OdV cLTrcLvloiV, ohiTYig 

Kcuo-cL^(^ }iii§d)g, hdi^eiXicLV m ircLvlcLg dvB-^ddTrag v7re^if^cL7.iv, >ihv kav 
dve^iTCL9ov, ciAA' 6^TaL}Liig-£y y^ 7ro7\V7r^ffLovcov, (Tuxmy.iv oHn^-iihYW KcwVot- 
£/ 7r^T}o[jS{jluj V7r' 'A^^^AAct rS g-^rnya j^ TIoS-eivQ t^ ivvJx^, (pod^- 
crcLg Q Kou(TCL^, (p§b^v fj8{j (Z^i^n(TiV t4 dvS^^Stvi, tov q Ho^eivov dvet- 
7\iv' Q 'Axi^^cLg (pvyc^v eig to 9^T07fshv, (S^i^n(Tiv ouuti^ (ia^tw ji 

hjCTfLiTaX^tf^OV 7t07\ifL0V, 07\iy09(^ T0(TOU!JtIlV dfLlWO[^Od TtoXiV yi JV- 
vdfLiV. hv & TT^OdTOV (JU^ CMivS^ULjdjTiV V^CLt(^ >C73)tA«^«V CSU -^ hodPV- 

X^^ d7tcd)LohfLnSY)(Tav \:m t'^^ TroAg/atW. hvTi^ov q, (uk/.>L07^Qi^i^ tov 
5-oAov, rivafm^Y] hd nv^og dTTOdcra^cu tov yJvJ^iwov, o ^ rnV fLiydhlw 

(il^7\loS-ml(D C/J4 'Pi^ Vi&ieJ^CtiV cMlVifLOf^OV M(p^ei^iV. TeATOV 3, (Uk), TM 

<^de,(^ fLdx^? (TtJUJe<^od(TYig, y.aTi^tnh^Ttv \Bp >W t8 x^!^'^'^'^ «V dKdnoVy 
yij Tta^i^OYi^ei Tolg dyodvt^^of^okg. c)^7r7\dv]ctiv q 7roAAct;:^odgi/ cujt^ '^ Al- 
yv^fliodVy jii^^ag iouuTov eig tyjv S-d7\aoTaVy d^rm^aTo ^o7\ig y^ ;:^ctAg7rdd?. 



</ 

OTi 



Illa unum fecum trahens ex amicis Sicu- Achilla duce Sc Pothino eunucho parari. Re 

lum Apollodorum, exiguo acatio confcenfo comperta Ciefar csenaculum ftatione circum- 

primis jam tenebris applicuit ad regiam. dedit, 8c Pothinum interemit. Achillas per- 

Quum nuUa alia ratione pofTet latere, culci- fugit ad exercitum, belloque C^farem invol- 

tra invokita protendit fe in longum. ApoUo- vit gravi 8c difficili, cui exigua manu tanta; 

dorus conftriftam loro cukitram per portam civitati 8c viribus erat refiftendum. In quo 

ad Ctefarem intulit. Atque hoc primo Cle- primum aqua interckifus laboravit, quod ob- 

opatrx commento Csfarem autumant cap- ftrufti ab hoftibus canales effent. Deinde, 

tum, quod kpidam invenerit, peUcftumque quum infifterent ei adimere claflem, compul- 

CcEtera ejus comitate 8c feftivitate reconciiia- fus eft periculum propulfare incendio, quo 

vifle eam cum fratre hac lege, ut confors magna bibUotheca ex navaUbus depafcente 

regni effet. Hujus reconciUationis caufa epu- deflagravit. Tertio commifla ad Pharum 

lantibus cunftis, fervus Ctefaris tonfor ex ti- pugna defiUit ex aggere in acatium, fubve- 

miditate, qua omnes mortaks fuperabat, nihil nitque certantibus. Quia vero undique in- 

prsetcvmittens inexpkratum, fed intentus au- vehebantur in eum iEgyptii, projecit fe in 

ribus 8c curicfus, infidias inteUexit CjEfari ab mare, fummoque cum labore vix cnavit. 

Di- 



K A I S A P. 153 

lA)©^, ctAA dnx^^ tJ/Tgf -^ B-olKoloty)? rd ^i^KiS^^cL-, th srgfa p^«e^ v«~ 
•viSrou' ro o OLmTiov djB-vg g^uO/cS-». rsA©-' QjtS jSota-tAgo)? tt^J? TaV tto- 
Ag|a(»? >^%&)^vicrctv1(^j i7rgA66)i' Kj (tiwol-^ol'; julolxIuj ci-wwo-g, -KoKhm m- 

(TOvlodV, OUUtQ Ti T» ^OLHihiCt^g clOOLvQg 'j{vo(j8{Jii. KOLTOLXlTTOdV Q tIw KASO- 
TTOLT^V (i0L(ri7\djii(T0LV AlyVTflHy K^ fJHK^V V<^i^V cJl, OUUT^ TiKS^TOLV IjoV, 

ov ' AM^oLvS^^eig Kou^roLeJi&iVOL myo^Sj^roLV, 6)f^o-gi/ cBj 'EvejioLg. 

Kclmkv Shc^v ty\v 'A(rioLV, iTrtuuB-oiviTo AofjLiTiov jt^u, \W ^^ct^vdm 
T« Mt^-g/f^J^ctTa TTou^og yit]yi{£{jov, qm Iloj^a TCi^p^b^^cu (pSuu ohiyoigj ^Potf- 
votJt/tf Q TM vwM ;;^^6/jU^oj/ ct7rAJiV6)?, ;^ Bi5w;t/i'ct!.' g;:^oi/7ot )t, KoL%ncLh}iiciLVi 
'A^IJ^ictg eCpiioycu i^ fjHK^oig KotA«|U^'«f, )^ TToLiiloLg cIvi9olvou tbV TOt-t/TV) 
^OL(TiKetg yij TiTP^^X^''' ^^'^^'^ ^" <^''''<''^ cLv^^ Teji.(r]v HKouuvi TOLyfjLoLcrh ^ 

«efe< TTOAfl/ Z«A0tV fJLcLx^ (JLiyOLKluU (TUJUOL-^OLg, OUUTOV fjSp cJ^i^CLhi T« 

no'vla (^pgJy^^'^^' "^^' <F^'TioLV oi^S^hjj oLveiMv. Kj -^ fJLOLXYig TOLVTY^g rhjj 
6^vTY\T0L K. To TOLX^ oLvoLfyiKKm eig 'VodfJLbju, Trejg tivol tV (piKcdV 'AfJiiv- 
Tiov iy^^i^iv T^eig Ki^eig, yiKB-ov, eiSov, cvizYi^roL. '?odfjLcu<ii q gu Ki^ag 
eig ofjLom )><m7\Y\y>i(Tca %YifjLcL j)YifJLOLT(^, ^k dni^cLvov tIuu |S^p^^uAoyi'oti' 

iXii<riV' 

Ek t^th hoL^cO\(£iV elg 'iTaKioLV, dn^ouviv dg 'Vc^fjLluu, t« ^jSp hiouuTQ 

KOLTOL9^i(pov](^, «V OV «^«^ S^lKloLTOd^ TO hvTi^^V, >iHnOTi T' d^X^'' ^^' 

VYig TT^Tie^v QMiouj(riii 'jlfjoi^png. eig q TiiTriov vttolt'^ dmi^eix^n' j^ mmg 



Wii- 



Dicitui' tunc libellos, quos manu tenebat, latas immincre, omnefque illius orae reges Sc 

quum jaculis peteretur 8c demergeretur, non tetrarchas concitavifle. Igitur movit confef- 

amififfe, fed eos fupra caput tenens, altera tim in eum tribus legionibus, atque ad urbem 

manu natafle. Acatium illico deprefliim eft. Zelam ingenti commiflb prcelio fugatum 

Poftremo regem, qui ad hoftes defcivit, per- Ponto furamovit, exercitumque ejus interne- 

fequutus, figna contulit cum eo ac vidloria cione delevit. Hujus pernicitatem £c cele- 

potitus eft. Muki cecidere. Regi ipfi non ritatem confli£tus Romam fignificans ad ami- 

conftitit quid faftum efl"et. Cleopatra .^gyp- cum quendam Amintium fcripfic tria verba, 

ti regina conftituta, qux filium brevi poft Veni, vidi, vici, qux diftiones fimihter ca- 

genuit Csfarionem ab Alexandrinis appella- dentes non illepidam habent breviloquenti- 

tum, in Syriam contendit. am. 

In Afiam profeftus Domitium accepit a Hinc in Italiam trajiciens Romam profec- 

Pharnace Mithridatis filio fufum ex Ponto tus eft, circumagente fe anno quo didtator 

cum paucis fugam cepifl^e : Pharnacem vero iterum didtus fuerat : qui magiftratus nun- 

immodice viftoria utentem, Bithynia occu- quam ante fuerat annuus. In proximum an- 

pata 8c Cappadocia, Arraeniae minori appel- num conful eft creatus. Sed male audivit, 

Vo JL. IV. U quod 



154 K A I S A P. 

Tm-, Yioammv y^ Toih^ctVi imTifJLY^(Ti [^ avToig To^r^Tov oaov oivTi f^- 
Tico^p^ TrohiTctg 7r^crctyo^iV(rcu, ;:^iAja^ (S^iivenMp hct^w ^^Xf^^'=y''^ X^' 
^v -^ 'iTctXiccg ctTfiKhY^^mi TtoKhlw. luu 3 uvtQ <^ioL^o7\ri jt, yj AoAoSgAAot 
jULotvloL, K^ « 'AfJLivliii (pihd^yveJia-, %) fjLi^vodV 'Av](^vi(^, k^ Ko^(pivi(^ rkt) 
UojbLTrA (r}it^od^kifjS{j(B^ okiav >^ fjLiTotKot^op^, wV iKOLvriv \iK ^(tclv. S^ 
T^Toig y^ i<^cr<po^iiv 'F&>fLcuoi. Kou(roL^ q (^ict tyIv \W3-eo"<t/ i^ nohiTH- 
a?j ^K dyvooov >iTi {^iiho^(^, rwci^Kci^iTo x^'^^^ t^^^^ vTra^yScnv. 

TcdV Q f^fei K'OLTmct, Kj 'EKlTriodVOL ju5 TYIV OV ^OL§(TOLh(t> fJLCtxlw «V Al- 

^vlw (pvyovJmj KCLKet ra (ioL(Tihi(i)g 'lo^a ^OYiB-Qvl(^ olvtoI? «S-^woVffli/ 
^iwoLf/.H? d^iohoyagy 'iyvai <^^TiveiV o Kou(Tct^ W 0LVT\i<;' k^ ^Ztfei T^ond? 
X^f^ifi-vdg i^toL^dg eig 'EiKehioLV, p^ ^ahoiMfj^B^ iv^vg '^K^i-^cu t^ ^afee 

CtVTOV nyifJLOVOdV d7rOL(TOLV ihTriS^OL fjLi7\.hn(T€Cag Kj ^lOLTejL^YJc, zJ^ ra xAdV- 
fJLCtT(^ iTTYl^iV T^V lOUUT^ (TKY\VY\V' K^ '^0|(/Sj^'» TUViV fJLOLT^^ ifJL^dg, dv^X^^ 

<"5 Te^X^^im TTi^m >^ iTTTriOdV ohiyav. )K^^i^d(ToLg o raV»? >^ Aot3-&)V, 
ft:/i);;^6« TraAtv, yVgf -^ fjLHl^ov(^ opp6)J^&)f S^ujjdf/.iong' yij k^ 3-dhoLTJav ^(Ttv 

«J*« 7r^0(7Ty%&)^ KGLTYiyoL^ dTTOLvloLg «V TO (^^OLTOTTihv. TTUJUS-OLVOf^^ ^ 
^^YKTfJLO^ TiVL TTOLhOUCO B-OLJ)fieiV T»V TTOMfJLiiig, 6)V Tr^Off^WOV Ot« TzJ' 'EKlTfioO- 

]/(^ r^et K^Teiv cv Ai^vyj, ;:^ctAg7roi/ eiTretv eiTi (phoLueAl^m ttsuJ^ix. nvi 
rov EnmodVCL <T^TY\y^v\oL -t^ TroMfjLioav, «Vg x^ azrat^n tov olodvov olKsiiif/,i- 
v^' h ^ TTflt^' (Xvt4 Tig dv^^od7r(^, dhhodg jwSjU iVKOLTOLpe^^T(^ 5^ Troti-n- 

ftgAjj- 

quod per feditionem militarem duobus inter- tuit expeditionem Ctefar in illos fufcipere. 

feftis viris praetoriis, Cofconio & Gtilba, hac- Circa folftitium brumale trajecit in Siciliam. 

tenus caftigaverit milites, quod pro militibus Ut autem omnem ftatim ducibus fuis fpem 

Qiiirites appellaverit. Divifit in fingulos, prascideret cunftationis & morsr, ftatuit ta- 

miUenos denarios, agrumque latum aflignavit bernaculum fuum in crepidine maris, ac ven- 

in Italia. Vitio ei dabatur etiam Dolobel- to oblato confcendens cum tribus millibus 

lae furor, Amintii avaritia, ebrietas Antonii, peditum 8c paucis equitibus vela fecit : qui- 

& Cornificius feftor Pompeii domum ejus bus expofitis repetiit clam mare de majore 

mutans, quafi non fatis amplam. H-^c enim exercitus parte folicitus. His jam vela fa- 

populum Romanura mordebant. Cxterum cientibus occurrit, omnefque in caftra dcdu- 

Csfir, quamvis non ignorarct vel probaret xit.Hoftesvero accipiensoraculo quodamfre- 

ea, cogebatur tamcn ad inftitutum fuum uti tos veteri, fatale efle Scipionum gentem fem- 

illis adminiftris. per in Africa inviftam fore, haud faciledi6i:u, 

Porro quia Cato & Scipio poft aciem Phar- nn hoftium imperatorem Scipionem per jocum 

falicam in Africam refugerant, atque ibi re- flocci faciendi gratia,anut ferio adfetraduce- 

gis Jubie ope magnas coegerant copias, fta- retomenj quod eflet in prxfidiis fuis quidam 

obfcurus 



K A I S A R ijj 

TQV cv Toug fjLcLX^^ Tr^iTaTliVy wWs^ YiyzfJLova T' <^^T\,aq-> dvafm(^oiuLi-. 
v(^ TioT^^hdm o^otTrlsc^ t^o" TroMinic^v k^ (piKofiax^v. Iw y^ ht^ (rh(^ 
Tolg dv(^^(nv d<p^o]/(^, arg vmlvyioig /^iAoV, aAAct ^^Jot? «j/ajWJjJ^o 
S-aXaTJioig, )KT07rXvS-ei<rYig -^ dKfJLveJ-^©^, oxiylw dy^cii^iv wWs^ nS^v^rfjLa 
a^^fjLiyvwuTigj Indyeiv Tolg mnoig. ol y:) No^ct^g? c)^(pcuv6fjSpoi TroAAoi 
, >^ ra;;^«^ hd^oTi mTHXov Thv x^^'^' ^"^' '^^'^^ "^ KcuG-a^(^ mmm 
^ohluu dyovlm {Itvx^ '^ cwTolg dvr,^ Ai^vg (MK^eiKvvfMp^^ oe,X^^^^i 
eifJLa yii lULovcwAcdV B-ajuiuaT<^ d^icog' oi q Te^TrofjSpoi oytd^lwio, Toig ttcu^ 
(riv THg 'iTTTiiig cMiT^i-^avlsg) cJ^ou(pvng o (^iXB-oviig iu^dXKddiv ol moTKk- 
fjnoh Ji; Tsg f^ ojU'^ Kleivaa-iv, Tolg q eig to g-^TOTTii^ov TrejTe^ndS^huu 
iXcwvof^oig (TtJuuet(ri7ri(rov. ei q fjLn Kdi<ra^ cwTog, dfxa q KcwVag/ IIoA- 
7\m ' A(jivv\,(^ (^onB-QvJig cm tQ x^&^'^^ '^X^^ "^^ (pvylwy c^ig^gTr^pcT 
dv TTohifif^. gVtv Q m Kj Ka^' iTiPD/LV fLdxJw mXiovkvJinT av o\ no7\ifjLlOI, 
(TVfjLTTXoKng '^of^ng:, cm; n Kcwo-ot^ roi^ diToCpo^^v (pSjyovla Asyg^ KaTa- 
^ddv QM ra cwx^v(^i dva^^i^^DUj k^ eiTretv, kvlav^a «Vti/ ol TroXifjLioi. 

TkiTQig fjSpToi Tolg ■Ke$Tie,nfJLa(Tiv ewn^^n ^Kinic^v fJLax^ Kejt.B-lwou' Kj 
KaTahiTTO^v x^^? f^ 'A(p^vioVj x^^'' 'lo^^i; (^t ohiyd ^^TOTTi^Sj- 
ovlag, avTog iTeix^l^iV vtt^ WifjLVng l^vfia to) 9^Tom<^(^, <ttfe{ TroKiv Qd~ 
'^aKov, 6)V ein 7rd(riv cJm tIw fJidx^ o^fJLnTnf-ov J^ KaTa(pvyn. TTovaiJ^^cd 
avTw (^A TavTa, Kou<ra^ v7\(J>^eig TOTtag )^ 7re^<T^o7\dg d(p^<^Hg ^x^^' 

rag 

obfcurus alioquin & abjeftus, ex familia ta- fufe ad caftra fugientibus Julianis uno ag- 

men Africanorum (Scipio Sallutio vocatus fu- mine irrumpunt. Qiiod ni Csefar ipfe, u- 

it) eum in prceliis ante figna ut ducem exer- naque Afinius Pollio fiippetias ferentes ex- 

citus locavit. Subigebatur fubinde laceflere tra vallum fugam repreffiirent, traiifaftum e- 

& adoriri hoftes. Quippe & re frumentaria rat bellum. Praeterea alio in confliftu iig- 

deficiebantur milites, neque fuppeditabat pa- nis collatis fuperiores holtcs fuere. In eo fu- 

bulum jumentis, fed algx marince abluta fiil- gientem Ccefar aquiliferum collo dicitur cor- 

fugine pauculam herbam pro cbndimento ad- ripuiiTe ac convcrtifie dicens, Hic hoftes 

miftam objicere cquis cogebantur. Numidie funt. 

enim frequentes & expediti fubito exorientes His ere£tus fuccefiibus Scipio eft ad acic 

regionem undique habebant infeftam. Feri- dimicandum,reli<5toque feorfum Afranio, feor- 

antem aliquando Cacfaris equitatum (nam for- fum etiam Juba, qui caftra exiguo indeinter- 

te Afer quidam faltationem oftentabat, fi- vallohabebant, inftititScipiofuper lacumprae- 

mulque ad miraculum ufque canebat tibia, fidium munire prope urbemThnpfacum, quo 

quo oblectati milites confidebant atque equos id omnibus ad pugnam ituris arx & refugium 

commiferant pueris) circumfufi repente ado- foret. Dum his laborem impendit, CiEfir 

riuntur hoftes, partim obtruncant, parsim ef- loca faltuofa & difficillima ob perplexitatem 

U i itine- 



155 K A I S A P. 

<=roi^ci. T§i'^clf^(^ TiiTngy iXi'^'^^ '^ acu^od v^ TM pJ^« 1? Tu;:^^^, i(p' 
fe avToQoH fjSp «£« To 'A(p^viii f^TOTrgc^oi/, ctvVo^oei q (pivyovl^^ 'lo^cct 
J^HTfo^lei To T^ NofjLOL^Ctiv' YifJLi^cig i^fj fXiSig fJLi^et fxiK^oa Te/.&v s^^tottL 
i^biv hfK^TYig yeyovo^g, k^ mv\ctn(TfJLveJ.>i<; '^ TroMjULiCtiV dv^^Yimgy J j^g TTiV- 
TrtKovJa T^ ii^iOdV oLTriCoLMv. oi fj^ TOLVTOL fttfe^ "^ jW-ot;^*!? cMCivm dvcdyiK^ 
AwiVi oi Q a (pct.<r]v clvtov cjd t4 ^yco '^sc^, ctvvJoltIovI^^ q tIw ^^n- 

civ }ij ^iOLKQCTfJLQvJC^ cl'\]/0t<x)^ TO CTUJUYlB-iS vd(rY}fjLOL' TOV Q iv&vg OU^dfJ^OV 
a^%OjU^J», Tre/y CMloL^TJi^ ^ KaTCL^.OLfJL^OLVi^CU WOLvJoLTroLCriV IJZtro t5 TTOt- 

5a? tIw cu^n(nv, HJ^yi (THOfj^ov iig Tivct t^ ttAjkt/wv Trv^yodV aofjLi^fivcUi yi 
S)oLyoLyeiV h in(rvxici. 'P^ o 7ri(p^ydT0dv m t' fJLoixi)^ vTTOLTimv y^ f^Tn- 
yimv oivS^^Sv, oi pp icwTdg M(p^et^v dKi(TKdfj^oiy (7i;;^i/aV q KoLicroL^ 
'ixJeiViV dxdvlag. 

KdTOdVct ADt^«i/ (JwiJIot (PihoTifXiif^^y t(jaj^hv TT^g 'ItvkIw' cjKei- 
ylw o^ cz^(pv?\dT}ot)V TYiv TcdXiv, a fjLiTi^iV tQ dySiv©^. 7tv^dfj^(^ «V 
som;tov avji^ ^ii^yddouTo, ^?\(^ f^) yjv (^Yix^eig, s(p' w q, ctc^wAoi'. «TTg 
<j^' Jy, 6) KotTtoi/, (^6oi/&) croi tQ S-avdTH' i^ qS o-J fjLOi t' (rodTY}eJ.oLg i(p^dvn- 
cTcjLg. d f^ av jw^ TauTot y^cpeigyn avTQ Ttpjg KdTOdva Ti^vAa Ao- 
y(B^, a cl^o;d« 7i-^ct&)? gp^^oi/l©^ acj^e iv^ia7\?\dK}(t)g (TY\fjLeiov hvou. TT&g ^ c^i/ 
i(pei(TaTo ^uivl^y eig dvcu^riTov mx^ctg d^ynv TOTavTlw ; tm q tt^V K<- 
.u^oava Y^ B^aTOf avTov )^ fwejiiig otAAy? t6)i/ 7r2ToAg^«;ioV&)i/ cBieiKetcty 

TiK' 

itinerum incredibili celeritate tranfmifit, at- dum comprehenduntur, femetipfi interfece- 

que alios circumvafit, alios in frontem eft ad- re, multos Cxfar captos necavit. 

ortus: quibus fufis fugatifque occafione 6c Catonem in poteflate habere vivum af- 

impetu fortunse ufus eft, quo raomento Afra- feftans Uticam properavit, quam urbem fer- 

nii caftra cepit, momento Juba fugiente Nu- vans non interfuit Cato pugn£c. Ubi vero 

midarum caftra diripuit. Ita diei unius exi- eft ad eum allatum , manus fibi Catonem 

guo fpatio trinis potitus caftris, csefis hofti- intulilTe, oftendit ea re morderi fe Cxfar. 

um millibus quinquaginta, ne quinquaginta Qua vero de caufi, obfcurum eft: ait au- 

quidem defideravit de fuis. Ita aliqui de pug- tem, Invideo Cato hoc lethum tibi : nera- 

na illa tradunt. Negant alii rei gerends il- pe tu mihi falutem invidifti tuam. Enim- 

lum interfuifte, fed dum inftruit & adornat vero quam poftea in Catonem fcripfit de- 

exercitum, folito morbo correptum : quem ut funftum orationem, non apparet fereni vel 

primum fenfit ingruentem, priufquam inva- placabilis in eum anirai efie fignificationem: 

deretur & occuparetur prorfus a malo fenfus, qui enim peperciflet viventi, quum in exani- 

trementem jam in proximam turrim ablatum mem tantara effuderit bilem.^ At ex ejus ad- 

fuiflc, atque ibi quievifle. Ex iis qui cx acie verfus Ciceronem, Brutum, atque infinitos 

refugcre, confularibus Sc prstoriis viris, alii, alios hoftes fuos augurantur clementia, ne.c 

li- 



K A I S A P. 157 

ritifJLOu^v^ "^ Tov 7\oyov cAiiivov iiK cJi, cLTrex^elag, ct?\Xcl (pt?\.on/LticLg ttoA^ 

rm (TUJjJiTCLX^^' ^*^ TOICWtIw CUTiaV. ty^^^i KlKi^CdV iymjULlOV KcLTCt)- 

v(^y ovojbLCL t4 7\oy(jd ^i^^B^ KcLTCjdvOL' Y^ 7ro70\o]g 7\oy(^ Iw (^id cro-«- 
t^tig, (wV eiKog, "ism tQ S^eiVoTOLTH t^J' pJiTo^6)i/ «V tIw Ka7\7\i<^lw TreTTo^nfJ^og 

\WdgO-(V. T^TO Yivict K0U(TCt^, KOLTYiyoejLOLV OLUtQ VOfJLll^Ovlci TOV tQ Ti^VmO- 

t(^ (^i outJTOv iTTcuvov, ty^^^iv iiv 7ro7\7\OLg TivoLg K^ tQ KctT&)v©-' cuTiag 
(Tiwayayodv' to q (^ii^7\iov 'AvJiKctTOdv cBiyiy^Tr^. k^ 07j>i^a^ag tx^ "^ 

7\0y(iiV iKOLTi^(^ <^iOL KcU^Ta^, Kj KoLTb)va 7ro7\7\iig. 

'AhhoL ^ &)V gTTotvwAdsv eig 'Po^iulIw ^stto Ai^w, Tr^mov (^ vTfs^ '^ 
ViKYig sfjLiya7\Yiyo^yi(riV vr^g tov irtfjLov, odg toq-oujtIw Kix^^(^l^^ X^&^^ 
o(TY\ Tra^i^et Ka^' iKa^ov cvicujtov eig to ^nfJLOfnov, G-iTH fjSp eiKOdi fjLve^cL- 
^ag 'AiliKOdv {JnS^ifjLV^^v-, i7\cuii q, 7\iT§odV fjLve^cL^ciLg TeAaKouiag. iTreiTa 
B-ejLOLfJL^^ag KaTYtyi, tqv AlyvjfliaKov, tov UovJikov, tov Ai^vKov, ^k "Scto 
2jiJ7rj'&)V©^} ctAA' ^^(m 'loQa ^ri^iv tS (^acnXiOig. TOTi >t, 'lo^ct^ ijo? ^v 
CJKeiVa, KOfJLi^Yi vnVi©-", c^ t4 ^eAOLfJL^CO Tta^Yix^^' fj.aKae/'(t)TCLTlw cLA^g 
aKmiv, QJK l^a^^oL^odv yij NofJoLS^odV, 'E7\7\!wo^v Toig 7ro7\VfjLaB-ig-oLTOig cvol- 
ejL^fi(^ %)i^ (Tv{y^(piV(Tiv. fji^ TbV B-eAOLfjL^^ag, ^p^tmtcu; Ti fnyoL- 
7\ag ^od^idg 'iS^iS^a, )^ tov S^fiov cLvi7\cifx^aviv i9ioL(riori k^ ^icag' i^^icLaag 
juS||U 'qj) S^iorfjLvejioig y^ <^i<^i7\ioig TeAK7\ivoig ofJL^ (rvfA,7rav]ag, S-iag q k^ fjLo- 
vofMoLxo^v K) vauDfJLcLxoDV dv^e,oiiv r^^c^^v <iBn TY\ ^vyaTe)' 'laAict 7rcLxcu 
Ti^viOddYj. fji^ Q TcLg B^iag "ffjoi^oiiv Tifj.n(riOdV, cLVTi 'j^ TT^Ti^odV S^velv Kj 

rejL- 

librum illum odio, fed civili addu£tum ambi- menti ducentena millia medimnorum Attico- 

tione commentatum fuifle ex hujufcemodi rum, olei tricies centena millia librarum. In- 

caufa: Scripfit Cicero Catonis laudationem, de tres triumphos duxit, Alexandrinum, Pon- 

cui libro Catonem nomen reddidit. Is nimi- ticum, Africanum, non de Scipione, fed de 

rUm omnium manibus terebatur, ut ab orato- rege Juba fcilicet. Ibi Juba filius ejus admo- 

reeloquentiflimoinargumento faftus prfeftan- dum puer in triumpho duftus eft. Fortu- 

tiflimo. Pupugit id Caefarem, notam fuara nata fuit ei captivitas, qui inde ex barbaris 

ratus mortui ipfius caufa celebrationem. Ita- Numidis inter eruditiflimos Grarcos hiftori- 

que vim magnam criminum inCatonem con- cos recenfetur. Sub triumphos ingentia proe- 

geflit, eique fcripto Anticatoni titulum fe- mia largitus eft militibus, populumque epu- 

cit. Habet uterque liber semulos Cxfaris 8c lis & fpeftaculis delinivit. Excepit eum tri- 

Catonis caufa mukos. cliniorum in fumma viginti duobus millibus. 

Ut vero ad urbem eft ex Africa regreflus, Speftacula edidit gladiatorum & proelii nava- 

primum hanc viftoriam in concione vendita- hs in filiie Juhx honorem jamdudum de- 

vit, commemorans fe tam latum fubegifle funftas. A fpeftaculis cenfu ado, pro trecen- 

traftum, qui veftigal quotannis penderet fru- tis viginti millibus civium, quot fuperiore 

<> cenfu 



158 K A I S A P. 

TeAciKovloL fjLveAci<^odVi oJ^wciiry^iTa.v au Ttoideu mvVMcdhm. TV]Ki>tcwThuj « 

<^cL(Tig dTtH^yddOLTO (TVfX<pO^.V-> J^ TO(T^TOV d-KCLV^Kmi T« SyjIX^ fJLi^^' 

i^(d tQ. TKoya TiB-if^oig tol mTOL(Tx^vlci tIw ciAaUv 'IraAiai/ oLTvxyif^ciTOL 

Kj Toig iTTOL^xUg. 

^uvJiAi^ivJm 3 TiiTOdVy vnoLT^ "S^i^ax^^^ to TtTcte^Tov, elg 'l^n^oLv 
l?^TSj(Tiv cBi raV YloiuLTrma TTou^oLgy ving iBp ovlag gn, B-ouufm<^!w 3 7^ 
TTAn^ei g-^aTioLV crvveiMxoTOLg, k^ TohfJiOLV "^S^eiKVvf^fag cl^iqx§^(^v tt^V 

l^yBjULOVlOLVy Cd(TTi kIvS^VVOV T^ KcwVcHg/ ^Ztfec5"«O"0M TOV gVp^^CtrOI/. « Q fJLSyoLM 

fJLOLxyi ^afet •Kohiv (TvVi<^Yi lASvi^oLVy b) M KoMcraf QjvhX\,^o\B{i\ig o^/Sv t^V 
IolutS, Kj ma^g dvlix^^vlag, I^ool <^iol t^ oTfhcdV j^ 7^ TcL^im (^ioL^iavy 
€i fin<^h DUt^QvTou 7\a&ov\a.g cwtov g|^«2/VcM toZ^' noui^aeioig, fj.oKig 3 
7re$^vfj.ict TToXhn T^g no7\ifj.i^g oicroLfy)<^y c/aeivm pp vm^ TejL(TfAveJ.iig 
S'ii(p^ei§svy T&v Q oLVT^ x^^^^^ oLZc^AiTi T^V deA^iig' dmm ^ tIw fid- 
X^ ^£5? T^g (piK^g eiTfeVy (idg -KoKKdng fj8f dymi^TouTo cs^ viangy viw ij 
n^mov (skl ']/vxY\g. touutIw tIw fidx^ cvim(Tiv tm t£v Aiovv(Tiuiv gof- 
TM, m^' Iw hiyQ K) UQfj.7rrii^ }Adyv(^ cRi tov 7FoKsfj.ov S^iK^Hv' S^id 
fj,i(Tii X^^^ hj)iouuT&v Tiord^m cTiyiAOgf. tc^v 5 Tlofj.7um^ Ttoui^odv o fj^ 
vi(^Tie,(^ M^pv^y tQ 3 7T-^g(7^UTgf« fJ.i^' nfJ-i^g ohiyag AiS^i©^ dvlwiF- 

iiiV TiW Ki(pa7\!w. tStOV 1(TXCILT0V KcU^Ta^ i7roXifJ.n(Ti TOV 7roMfj.ov' 6 Q aV 

ouutQ mTax^^^i^ ^ei(^fj.^^y w? -d^v ctAAo, 'V(^fJ.ou>ig matTiv. a y^ ctA- 
7\o(pvXiig Yiy€fj.ovag ii<h (^a^^d^ag ^a(Ti7\eig mTYiyCf^vi^Ti^ov y dvS^ejg o 

cenfu fuerant, cenfi funt in totum cen- tos 6c ordines, ecquid eos puderet, quod pu- 

tum qumquaginta millia: Tantam inflixit eris fe proditum irent. Hoftibus tandem 

bellum civile cladem, tantamque populi acri contentione pulfis, triginta miHia ex 

portionem abfumpfit, ut taceam acceptas illis oppreffit, ex fuis milie defideravit for- 

per reliquam Italiam 8c provincias calamita- tiffimos qiiofque. Revertens a pugna dixit 

tes. ad amicos, Sxpe fe pro viftoria, in prse- 

His peraftis conful quartura defignatus in fentia vero pro vita prim.um dimicaffe. Hanc 

Hifpaniam cum exercitu profeftus clt contra viftoriam obtinuit Liberalibus: quibqs Pom- 

Pompeii libcros: qui licet juvcnes etiara- peius Magnus quoque ad bellum profeftus 

num, immeufum tamen numero coegerant dicitur, fpatio annorum quatuor interjedio. 

exercitum, animofque oftendebant ei impe- Ex Pompeii liberis minor cft elapfus. Majo- 

rando pares, unde in periculum extremumeft ris paucis poft diebus Didius caput retulit. 

adJuftus Cxfar. Magnus conflidus eft ad Hoc Csfar bellum geffit noviffimum. Quem 

urbem Mundam commiflus : in quo incli- de eo dusit, triumphus fupra modum fuit 

natain aciem fuam Cjefar & «gre refiftentem Romanis acerbus. Neque enim alienigenis 

.cerncns, ciamuvit per medios difcurrens arma- ducibus vel regibus oppreflis barbaris,fed viri 

Ro- 



^ 



K A I S A P. 159 

Tcug T' TtcJLTeA^^^ cBi7roiu.7Fd)eiy (TViuLCpo^lg a JdctAft)? «;^g:/, dyctAKofjS^f^ov 
SM TiiToigy m fjiict )^ TTpjg ©ga^ »9 TT^g dv^^Ui7t>ig '^Xoyict, to fjnT 
dvdfmg TTiTT^x^^' ^ TowTct, Tt^Ti^v /WJiTg dPyiXov fAjfiTs y^fXfjLOLra 
hfJLotrict 7rifjL\[/cu fsk2 vim "^ '^ tfj.(bvxim TtoxkfjLm^ d7\7\d dTtmd- 
fj^ov cu(rx^'^ T^ So^ctv. 

Ov fxhv d7\7\d Ji) Tf^g rkv rvxlf^ tQ dvS^^g if>ciK7\iK0Teg, >^ hhf- 
fj^oi Tov ;:^fltAii/(5i/, >9 'P^ ifx(pv7\im 7ro7\ifj.m k^ mmv dva^rvolw riy^ifj^oi 
rlw fjLova^x^av, ^iKldrcii^ f£{j cujtov d-rtiS^^civ ^id (hiH> t^to q h Ofxo- 
7\oy\if^Y) fj8{j Tv^viig, t4 dvv7tSjBvv(jd r' fjLova.^x^ctg ro dKardTicwqov 
7r^(rAot^8crw^. nfJidg q rdg Tt^utrag KiK^m(^ «V rluu (^nT^Yiv y^-^av- 
T©^, «!/ dfi(iii(ryi7rcii)g dv^^cd7ti,vov yiV to fxkyi^^^, %Ti^i Tt^cm^-ivlig v7ti^~ 
^o7\dg, J^ ^iafjn7\7\(^f^0i Tt^g ctAA>iA«?, cJ^€i^yd(Tav}o j^ rolg ^t^ctordroig 
\7tax^'^ '^^^ <XV(^^ jc, TwTtn^v •^gcS^, J^ta rov ofKov >^ tyiv dro^tiav t^ •vl/yj- 
(pi^ofB^m. oT? ^^\v yit\ov oiov^ (TLUjaymi<Ta^<, t^ KoXaKi^ovJm Kalcra^ 
TaV fJLiT^vlag, oTtodg on 7t7\^<^ag Kar cwr^ 7t^(pd(reig lx^^^-> "^ i"v fJLiyi- 
<;m \fK7\Y\fJidTm cBix^i^^ ^ok(^(tiv. \7tet rd y& dhXa rm \fjL(pv7\im oujt^ 
Tto7\ifj.m Ttk^g sTX^x-^rm dvifKT^Yirov Tta^axi^' y^ rore '^ SkeiK^ag k^v 
iiK '^kro Te,o7t>i S^oKQa-iV ;:^^ctg/9)ie/oi/ c^ tm Tt^ctoTYiTi -^YiCpiG-a^. J^ -JA) d<pY\. 
Ki TToAAaV rSv 7ti7to7\ifA.YiKOTm 7t^og ctUTov, cMioig o^ )^ TifJ.dg jj d^x^^' 
dg Bf»T6) j^ Yiaoricji, 7t^(ri^Y)KiV' i^^rYiynv y) d.fj.(pori^L j^ Tag 

Tlofj.- 

Romani fummi calamitate affli£ti liberis & humanum fane capiebat f;ifl;igium, quum Ci- 

familia femel oppreffis foedum habebatur pa- cero ei in Senatu decreviflet, alii immodicis 

trise infultare calamitatibus, atque exultare ob certatim adjiciendis Ca;farem vel apud placi- 

has, quarum unica apud Deos atque homi- diffimos invidiofum reddidcre £c odiofum, ob 

nes, quod neccflario eflet eo compulfus, exi- tumorem Sc novitatem dccretorum ; in quibus 

ftebat defenfioj idque quum ante nec nuntio non minus inimicos Caefaris quam adulatorcs 

nec literis viftoriam ex bellis civilibus rela- putant elaborafle, quo pluribus ex occafioni- 

tam publice fignificafl*et, fed gloriam illam bus 6c ofFcnfionibus maximis in eum videren- 

rejeciflet pra: pudore. tur infurgere : quando cjetcra bellis explicatis 

Veruntamen ad Csefaris fortunam inclinan- civilibus prxflitit fefe irreprehenfibilem. Ac 

tes Romani frxnumque jam accipientes, at- clementise quidem sedem tunc non immeritb 

que a bellis inteflinis arbitrantes refpiratio- ad honorandum lenitatem Cirfaris decrevif- 

ncm ab unius viri dominatu pendere, dic- fe eos dicas. Qiiippe hoflibus fuis multis 

tatorem perpetuum cum dicunt. Erat ve- falutem dedit, nonnuliis honores quoque Sc 

ra ea tyrannis, quum ad poteftatem abfolutam magiilratus, velut Brnto & Caffio, addidit : 

acceffiflet perpetuitas. Primos honores, quos quorum erat uterque prxtor. Jam flatuas 

de- 



i6o K A I S A P. 

Km^odV HTrev, oti Kcu(ra^ rsV UofAnYiia 5-«crot? oiv<^eActvJcx.g , T^g li^ia; 
tm^iV.Tm (pixm d^i^vlm cujtov S^o^v^po^ei^, ^7ro7\Kodv cJ^tSto ttol^- 
iX^vlod^ icwTHg, iix vTTifjLaviv' BiTroov 6)V (^iAnov hiv OLTTOL^ '^B-oLveiv « a« 

7r^(rS'0Ka.V. TviV i"' SjVOIOLV-, &)V yiOLK7\l<^0V SOUJtQ OLfjLa K^ (^i^CUOTOLTOV icwid 
<^^OL7<hOl^(^ <pV?\OLKlYieA0V, OUU^i; OLViKcLfJL^OLVi TOV SVifJLOV i^^OL^Tlin yi 

(TiTyi^iG-ioig, To q ^^TimiKov, )mnKicug' m (MKpoLVig-otT) Kol^x^^J^c^v j^ Ko- 

eiV^(^ YlTaV. CUg ^ 7r§0T6^V TY\V d.7\miVy V^ TOTi TY\V cLvcIm^^^V oifJLOL -ii 

«y to\) ouutov ;^^o wf dfJLpoTi^m •^gf^ (rvuuiTvx^V' 

Todv 3 (^twoLTOov Toig fjS{j v7roLTHoLg il^ f^TYiyiag eig TiiTfiov iTfYifyiXT^i- 
To, T»V 3 d7\7\oug tktiv (^n^rioug Jt, TifjLoug 7rct^ifjLv^eiT0' 7rd(ri.v q iA7fil^eiv 
h^iii^Hy fjLVYi9^ofj^(^ d^X^iV iKovlm. dg j^ MoL^ifJLH ra vTrdTH TiX^TYi- 
(roLpi(^, eig Tnv <z^S(tolv t' d^x^g fJLioLV nfjLi^v ijtcoltov ^KTo^ei^ou Kaviviov 

'£i^i?\iOV. TT^og OV, Cdg iOiKi, 7ro7\7\aV A^iCd(TOL^ Kj 7rej7i:ifJL-^0U (2>OL<^il^0vlct)V, 
Q KiKi^CdV, 'E7rdjS'(iOI^, ipYlj 7telv (p^d(TY) T? V^fUTeioLg cJ^iA^OdV 6 dv&ocd- 

7r(^fi7fel y to (pv(Tei fJLiycLTK^a^yov ouutQ j^ <pi7\OTi[Xov ou 7fo7\7\ou KOLTo^od- 

(Teig « 'K^Og )>m?\OUU(TiV iT^iTTOV TCOV ^riTTQVYIf^m, aAA VWiKKOUUfJLOL 'A^ S-d^- 
, ^(^ ^(TCU TT^og m fJLiKhO^OLy fJLei^OVCtiV CViTiKJoV S^VoioLg 7r^yfJLdT(idV, KCU 

Kcuvng i^ctiToL i^o^ng, (^g '^Kix^n^u» tm Tra^aVji* to fjS^ 7id^(^, aJ^gt/ h 

iTi^SV, n [y\7\(^ OJUtS, KOLB-d^Ti^ «.'AA», K^ (pi7\0VeiKioL Tig V7t\^ T^V fJLih- 
<\oi3&)|/ TTfpV TPt 7Ti7r^yiRpcL. CZ^(TK<^JYi Q KOi yVOdfJLn, 9^TdJeiV fjS{J oBi 

Ud^- 

dejedtas Pompeii non permifit jacere, fed re- oftendit, afFeftans volentJbus imperare. Ita- 

pofuit. Quamobrem Cicero ait, Cjefar, dum que quum Maximus conful decefliflet, in 

Pompeii ftatuas erigic , fuas ftabilit. Mo- diem unam magiftratus reliquam confulem 

jientibus eum amicis, ftipatoribus ut cinge- creavit Caninium Rebilium. Ad quem de 

ret fe, multifque ad id fe offerentibus, non more falutandum & profequendum multis 

fuftinuit, prceftare dicens femel mori, quam contendentibus, Cicero, Maturemus, inquit, 

femper timere. Sepiens vero fe, ut optimo priufquam ille abeat magiftratu. Quia ve- 

juxta ac fidelifllmo cuftode, benevolentia, ro ingenium ejus grandia moliens 6c affec- 

populum iterum epulis 8c tefferis annona- tans mukse res praeclare geftas non ad fru- 

riis delinivic, milites coloniis deducendis, endum elaboracis vertere, fed ut incitamen- 

quarum fucrunt clariflimas Carthago & Co- ta ad audendum de futuro, majorum rerum 

.rinthus; quibus & capi ante & tunc inftau- infuderunt cogitationes, novaeque glorias cu- 

rari una eademque tempeftate ambabus con- pidiratem, quafi confumpta prsfentij nictus 

tigit. erat ejus nihil aliud quam ipfius fecum tan- 

Principibus partim confulatus & prietu- quam cum alio aemulatio 5c contentio quje- 

ras obtulit in pofterum, alios aliis imperiis dam fuperandi confequentibus patrata. Pa- 

& bono;-ibus lenivit. Omnibus bonam fpem rabat igitur & inftituebat Parthos bello 

pc- 



K A I S A P. i6i 

Tlcte,^^?, Ka.Ta<r^e-^oL^(ti q niTagj j^ t^i^' 'T^Kdvm m^ tIw Y^ctajjictv 

S-OLAoLOTCiV ii^ TOV KoUJ}iOL(rOV CAl(^^i,7\^0v}i TOTTOVi «V tIuU ^KV^IkIw hfJL^OL- 

Aeir K^ TOL c^x^&^ TeeM-OLVolg, Kj Fs^/LiOLvioLV oujtLuu (iJmS^^^oVTh i^ioi 
KgAT^^ iTTOLVihUlv eig '\Tct7\icLV-, k^ (tuvol-^cu tov kvkXqv tQtqv t? Y\yifJLovictg 

l^ TTOLvloLXO^i^ 'i^KiOLVCO fZefe<0£/(d"«ff"«$'- (^iCL fJ.i(Tii Q 'T' (^^T^Ctg TOV Ti Ko- 
ejtV^icdV 'l^/ULOV iTfiX^?^ S\(X(TKCL7v\eiV-i 'AvilwoV cJ^ tQto TT^X^^^^^f^^i 

li Tcv T/^ge^f <^'9uV '^ T" TToModg -^jmKcL^ciiV (ha^vxt (^oLB-eici j^ ^afet- 
K7\ci(Tctg cfM TQ Ki^Kcuov ifJL^OLKm dg tIuj TTpjg ToLJijioLKivlw S-oLxoltJolv, 

OLa-(^OL?\aOLV CtfJLOL Jt, j)C/L90ivluJ Toig cft' kfJLWOtioLg (pOlTSxTiV dg '?Cdftlw fULY)- 
XOLVaiBf©-'' TT^g TiiTQig, Toi p{J eAn TOL ^Zefe< NCidftlwTlivoV J^ ^YITIQV 

QAiTe,y^ctg-, -KiS^iov "^k^S^et^cu TtoT^hcug hs^yov civ^^odTtm fjLvZAci^n' rw q g/1 
yi^OL T' 'Fcdftng B-clXcLoty) KT^ei^^ Jiot p(^&)/<taT&)i' l-Kctyctyc^Vy j^ Tci TV(pKoL 
K, Svdoeftct T' 'Cl^^ictvng mv(^ oivcLKcL^nocif^i^, Ai|uS/ia? g/^TrotnVctcSg kcu 

VOUQlKOya. H^g TOaCtVThjJ OL^IQTTI^^OL VCWTiT^icLV. JC TOLVTCt [B{J CV a^CIL(TKdj- 

cug Yiv. 

'H ra Yifti^7\Qyi>i ^id^icrig, >c, ^io^^mig t' (^ tqv x^^°^ oivoiftoLXi- 
agi (^iAoiJO(:py)9eiVa x^^^^^'^ ^'^' ct^V», j^ rsA©-' Tkol^Qctol, yKct(pve,oiTci- 
tLuj nci^i<^i X?^'^^' ^ y^ fjLovov CM) Tolg 7rct7\ouQig ndvv XPS^'^^^ TiTct^- 
fj^Dug ix^^^'^ '?cdftcuQi Tcug Tpjy fxlwm w^g tqv cmioujtqv (Z^o^^oig, wVg 
Toig ^vcrictg j^ Tcig lo^Toig x^m^Pi^i^ctg v^ ftiK^v, etg ovoLviioLg 'ojKmTfioi^ 
Kivou Toig X^^^^'' ^&^^^y ctAhoi j^ (^ tIw tot^ ^ctolv y)?\.iolkIw, ol fj8{j 

ctT^ot 

petere. His fubjugatis pcr Hyrcaniam fe- fet capere agricolarum. Proximo urbi ma- 

cundum mare Cafpium & Caucafum ambire ri clauftra aggeribus imponere, csecumque 

Pontum, atque ita Scythiam invadere, in- 8c importuofum Oflije littus repurgare, ac 

curfatifque qua; Germaniae circumjeaa funt, portus ibi moliri ftationefque tant^ fuffi- 

ac Germania ipfa, per Galliam regredi in cientes navigationi. Atque haec inftitue- 

Italiam, atque hunc committere imperii bantur. 

Romani Oceano undique circumfcripti or- At faftorum ordinatio atque inEequali- 

bem. Interea dum expeditio ea paratur, Ifth- tatis anni correftio, ratione mathematica 

mum Corinthium perfodere molitus eft. Hinc fcite explicata, ad exitumque perdufta, u- 

Anienem in animo habebat Tiberimque fta- fum praebuit elegantiffimum. Namque Ro- 

tim ab urbe alta exceptos fofla atque ad mani non modo temponbus admodum ve- 

Circeum deflexos, in mare ad Tarracinam tuftis non habebant certos 8c congruentes 

deducere, quo fecurum & pronum mercato- cum anno menfium anfraftus : ut facrificia 

ribus curfum pararet ad urbem. Ad hac & fefti dies paulatim labentes, in diverfas 

paludes in Nomentanis & Setinis derivarc, incurrerint a temporibus fuis tempeftates ; ve- 

atque efficere campum qui multa millia pof- rum folaris etiam annus, q«i tunc obtine- 

VoL. IV. 3L bat, 



i62 K A I S A P. 

aAAoi 7ravloL7rct<ri TiiTOdv ci(Tv7\7\oyl<^(iig ^x^^^ ^' '^?^^ f^^^'^^ "^^^ kcu^v 
eio^oTigj cJ^cuCpm ^ 7r^i^<9-«ju^'« iHYihvog tov ifA.^4hifjiov Tf^oa-sy^^pov fjm~ 
Vdi M^>iy)^oviov ovofjLci^oiJig , ov No/za? o ^c(.(ri7\Sjg Tr^cdT^ sf/,^aXeiv 

Agyg^j JLIM^V Kj ^kCLTaVti^TCLV 8 TTOppW f2>O«0c-iai/ cii<ll^WV -Z^ (^ TOLg "^- 

KaT(X<^ci(T€ig 7r7\YiiuLfAs7\ei(^g, (^g h^ Tolg TneA cMeiva ykyo^-K)- Kcutra^ j 
Tolg oieifoig 'P^ (piho(ro(pm ^ fjiaB-nfjLaTimv to Tr^o^Kinf^a vr^^eig, qm t^' 
\:mmf£{jGdV «/« fi€B-o(^odV iS^et^iV l^iav Tivd k^ S^ime^^ddi^lai fJL(i70\ov \7rav~ 
o§0(t)(rivy M x^^f^'^^ M-^X^' ^^ '?(t)fzciioi S^oyii^riv yjtJov ni^cdv (r(pcL70\iSl^ 
(^ tIw civoifA.a7\lav. « fjLlw ctAAa y^ 7t^u Toig ^acritaiv^ori Kj (la^ujuo- 
fjS^oig Tnv S^wuafJLiv cuTiag 7ra^eix^- Ki^tiPOdv y) p«V&)^, cog htMv-, (pn- 
(javK^ Tivog avtAov S^Ti7\7\eiv 7\v^.v, Nom, HTnv^ cm J^icilciyfJLaT^^' cog 
Kj tSto 7t^og dvdhljLV t&v a^Of&Tnui' hxof^d^v. 

To Q iju.(pavig f/A7\is-a (Lihf^ j^ 3-avaTn(pd^ov \7t avTm d -f j^a^nAei- 
ag %&>? <^H^yci(raTo , Toig fjSf %o7\7\olg cuTia 7V5,(^Tn •> Toig 3 v7v\i7\Qig 
TidXcJUL^ 7r^d(pa(ng <^7r^i7ri9ciTn 'fpopfn- kcutoi ^ 7\dyov T\.vd KaT5- 
cmei^v «V Tov ^nfjcov ol TavTlw Kou^rae/. tyiV Tifinv Tr^o^ev^vigg, &)V c/k 
yoafJLfJLd.TC^v ^i^v7\7\eiCt)V d7\(d(TifJLa m ITotfd&it/ (paivoiTO 'YodfjLcuoig (tuju 
^a<Ti7\^ 9(>j(.T(^ofj8iJoig iTT^ avT^g , d7\7\6dg dvi(piK}a ovJa' j^ TtaTaCou- 
vovl^ o^"Aa^«? Kai(Ta^(^ etg Tnv 7rd7\iV, iTo^hfjincTav avTov dcmd(Ta^ 
(ha(Ti7\ia. tQ ^nfjuii ^ia^a^x^^^^^ dx^^^^? c/neivC^, ^k gcpn ^acTi- 
xSg d7\7\d Kai(Ta§ ■A.a7\ei^cu. k^ -^of^ng Tr^dg tSto Tvdvlct^v (Timngy « 

7rdvv 

bat, cceteris erat prorfus caeciis. Soli facer- quum diceret quidam cras Lyram orituram : 

dotes momentorum confcii repente ac ne- Nempe, inquif, ex ediftoj quafi id quo- 

mine prxfentiente menfem intercalarem ad- que reciperent per imperii neceflltatem homi- 

fcribebant, eumque nuncupabant Mercedoni- nes. 

um, quem interjeciffe rex Numa primus di- At odium maxime illuftre in eum 6c fune- 

citur : quod, ut in vita illius prodidimus, mi- ftum efFecit regni cupido, quse vulgo qui- 

nutulum excogitavit &c non diuturnum auxi- dem prima materia, & jampridem in occulto 

lium. Csefar vero, philofophis &: mathema- malevolis color fuit fpeciofiffimus. Et qui- 

ticis praeftantiflimis hac re delegata, efFecit dem rumorem in plebcm vulgaverunt illi qui 

ex fuppeditante jam via &ratione fingularern hoc honoris qujerebant Csefari, libris Sibylli- 

quandara & exaftiorem corre£tionem : qua nis proditum, vinci Parthos a Romanis pofTe, 

haftenus populus Romanus utens non perin- fi rege duce bellum cis moviflent, efie ipfis 

de ac caeteri videtur in temporum inaequali- alioquin infuperabiles : ac redeuntem Alba ad 

tate claudicare. Verum enimvero verte- urbem Oa;farem aufi fuere falurare regem. 

nmt hoc quoque invidi & potentiam ejus Indignantepopuloille offenfus, non regemait 

exofi in crimen. Siquidem Ciccro oracor, fe, fed Ctefarcm vocari. Ibi quura obticuifTent 

cun6ti, 



K A I S A R 163 

%cLvv (pcu^^<; »<^' <^fyn? 7ra^Yi7\^iV. ov (TvfKKYiTca TifJ.ctg Tiva.g vm^Cpv 
Hg ouJtS '^nCpto-afJ^m Irv^iv ^j^ vn\^ t^ ipL^oXm }iak(j^^(^' tt^g-- 

lOvluV j '^ VTtCLTm tl^ '^ 'F^TYjy^V, OLjbia J^ "^ ^»A«? cl7rcL(TW iTfOfJLi' 

vng, ^x yVgJotvots"^?, dXh miti^ i^imcug Tm x^^l^f^T^C^^y cl7riKe/.vcilo 
s-yfoAf)? fjLOLATKov « 7r^£ri(rmg mV TifjLcig M(Q^. )J tQto a itA.ovov mct(riv 
tIw (iaAluUj olT^Kol Kj tov iMfJLov, odg h tm ^»A« t' 7roAg&)f 7r^7ry)Xcui^o- 
fj^ijng' Kj |u5 <^eivyig mTi)ip€ioLg ctVwA^oi/ <^^vg, oig cJ^lw f/.Yi a^\^HV. 
^(TTi KctKeivov CMVon(roLvloL, a^x^^y^^ 1"V oiVot^g r^.Trg^, -a^ ^oav 7i^q 

T»? (piAa^, CLTTOLyoLyiivloL tQ T^X^^^ "^^ IfJLCLTlOV, C^g iTOifJLQ-' m TO ^a- 

KoiBpw tIw (TipoLylw 7roL^ixeiV' V9i^v 7r^o(poLG-i^i(^ tIw vo(rov' »' ^ 

gOgA«V t/o) CU^YKTIV OLT^ifJLHV T^ aVft)? g%Ov]&)f, OTOtl/ WoLfMfJOl (^iOLT^iyCdiT) 

7r^g ox^ovy oLhAct (reioiB^bju Tcf-X^ v^ <^(pi§ofSijlw eiAiPyag S^cmcLdcL- 
Syax -^ Y.cLTa7\a.fJ&cLvi^. to o «;t «;:^gf b!V&)?, otAAot j^ Troti^y (^ahofjSfJov ouu' 

TOV V^Ti^OLVOL^lwcU TM jSijAW, AgyiiCrtl/ \W T» T^f (plACdVi fJLOLhhOV Q KOKoL- 
X&)V, Ko^VnAty BotA^a, KOLTOLyi^lwaU' (pY\(TOLv\(^, Ov fJLifJLVYKTf] KCU(T0L^ toV, 
«cTg (X.^M(THg (£)g K^HtIoVOL ^i^Tfdji^ (TiOUDTOV J 

'ETTtyiW^ TaVoi? Tolg 7l^0(TK^>i(TfJLOL(TlV Vfi' J^J1]W.Ci ^6)J/ 7r^07n)XoL}tl(TfJL0g' 

Iw i£fj y^ n 'Pi^ Aa^n^KOLhm io^TYii ^s^ hg TroAAoi y^cpa^Tiv, cag 7roi- 
f^odv To TfOiXmov «*), ytcu t* k^ 7r^o(TYim Tolg 'Af y.ot^wcoiV hvxouoig. t^ cT* 
dj^^odv vioLvi(Tmv lilj d^x^^^^ TroAAoi (^iotS-i'd(nv olvol tLuu 7ro?\iv yvfLVo], 
(TKVTi(TiV 7\oL(Tioig T^g kfJLTfoS^c^v oB^ Tiou.hoi x^ yihcoTi Tfouovlig. 7ro?J\.cu 3 J^ 

t£v 

cunfti, plane triftis dolenfque tranfiit. Quura ftantes agant cum populo : fed vibrare ftatim 

in fenatu eximios honores ei decreviftent, fe- eos membris, turbatofque veitigine corripi, 

debat forte pro roftris. Adeuntibus eum con- atque fcnfum eis intercludi. Csterum aliter 

fulibus & praetoribus atque univerfo fcquente res fe hubebat : fiquidem cupiebat omnino 

fenatu, non adfurrexit : fed, quafi ageret cum fenatui afflirgere, fed ferunt eum ab amico, 

privatis, refpondit contrahendos magis quam vel adulatore potius retentum, Cornelio Bal^ 

ampliandos fibi honores. Id non fenatum bo : qui dixit, Non meminitti tc efle Cxfa- 

modo, verum populura etiam oflfendit, tan- rem, neque vis pro majeftate tua coU? 

quam defpefta in patribus repub. atque illico His ofFenfionibus fucccffit contumeha e- 

ilU quibus Ucebat non adeffe, cum ingenti jus in tribunos plebis. LupcrcaUa ageban- 

moerore receperunt fe. Digreflus eft Caefar tur, qu£E multi tradunt fuilfc feftum oUm 

quoque re animadverfa domum: nudatoque paftorum. Congruunt aUquatenus cum Ar- 

jugulo apud amicos exclamavit paratum fe cadicis Lycaeis : Nobiles juvenes frequentes 

efle cuiUbet eum ad caedem oflFerre. Poft & magiftratus nudi per urbem difcurrunt 

ferunt eum caufatum morbum : negavit enim hirfutis fcuticis obvios per ludum & jocum 

Xenfum conftare ita affefti», quum in concione caedentes: Multas quoque principes fcemi- 



1(54 K A I S A P. 

'P^ ov TiXet ytwcumv cBiTYi^eg vTrctviodcrcu 7rct^e;;^a(rii/, odcme^ cm (^iS^acrnci- 
Aa, T&) X^?^ '^^'' TTAYiyciigj •KiirmiBpcu Tr^g d^TozioLV x.viicrcug, ciyovoig 
Tf^g KVYiG-iV dyciB-ov dvcu, tcwtcl Kcug-cl^ iSsoiTOy >toi3-Wju9/;(^ cJ^ Tm 
SjbL^oAuiv S-B S^lcp^a X^^^^* ^eActiii^^im aoa-iuLCt) KiKou-fjLYifj^©^. 'Avloivi^^ 
3 T6)V B-iovTOdV Tov U^v S^^/uLov etg Iw' )^ y> vTvcLTSjiv^ (idg iv €ig tIw 
ciyo^v cviCaM, Kj to 7rKyi^(^ cwtw (^iWYi, (pi^odv (hct<^y]/LtoL <^i(pcLvoi 
S^ctCpVYig (Z^TTiTrMyiJ^oVj wfg^g to Kcu(roLeA. j^ yi^^ k^Jt^^ a AoLiHTF^ogj 
«AA' o7\iy^ cAi (zu^(r}C(^ng. dTrmctinp^ q t» Kou<tol^(^, d.7rag o (^- 

fXf^ dViiie,OTY](TiV. CU)3-ig Q 7r^0G-<pi^0vl(^, OKiyOh J^ fJLY) (^i^OLfjSfJHy 7rd7\iv 

dyrctvJig. iiTco q t' Trei^g (^iXifxofJ^Yig, Kouact^ ^Bp dvis^ot!^, tov <^i.(poLyov 
«V To Ka7tiT(Ji7\iov dTrivex^lwcit xgA<^Vct?. &l(p^n(ToLV q dvS^e^dvlig olutQ h- 
ai^YiiLL0L(riv dvahhfBpoi ^a^nKiKolg' v^ t&v S^nfJLd^x^^ ^^^^ OActaVo? k^ Mot- 
^vKh(^ iTTih^ovlig d^iiojjacraVj i^ T^g dcojaa-af^iig {la(nxia tov Kcu(ra- 
^ 7r^0dTiig o^<^^oi/7gc, dirnyov elg to h^TfjLmne^ov. o q (^nju.^^ etTriTo k^o- 
TCdVj K^ B^iiT^g d7rsK.dhet TaV civ^^g, oTt B^5t©^ \w o KaTa7\v(Tag tIw 
TOdv ^a(Ti7\iOdv ha^^ox^Wj ^ To k.^t(^ «V ^haIw k^ <^nfJLov QM fJLova^x^ag 
KaTa9n(Tag. S^ TaVw Kou(Ta^ 7ra^o^twMg, t!w f^v d^x^ d(pei7\iTo 
t£v ^Ztfet Tov Md^vhhor cv q tj^' KaTnyo^eiv oujTOdv, dyia %^ tqv (^n/nov 
sCpv^e^C^v, 7ro7\7\dKig B^iiTng ts k^ KvfJLauag d^riKdxei t»V dv^^g. 

OvTOi T^i7r0V^ 7r^0g Md^KOV B^QtOV ol TTOAAo), '^(^ fJLiV QMei^iV 

iivcu (^oK^vla 7te,og 7taTi^m, v^ 7r^og fjLnT^og q >c7o ^i^^i7\iodVj alKiag iTi^g 

ras ex compofito ofFerunt fe illis, ac manus ftatuce quoque ejus regiis revinft^ diadema- 

ferientibus licut in ludo literario ofFerunt, tibus conipiciebantur. Ea duo tribuni plebis 

creduntque id ad facile puerperium pr^eg- Flavius & Marullus detraxere : illofque qur 

mntibus, 6c infoecundis proficere ad concep- Csfarem primi falutaverant regem, requifitos 

tum. Id Cjefar pro roilris aurea fedens fella in carcercm duxere. Sequutus populus cil 

vefteque ornatus triumphali fpe£i:abat. An- applaudens, eofque Brutos appellavit: quod 

tonius autem, quod conful efTet, unus erat Brutus fuifTet qui regum abolita fucceflione 

Lupercorum : qui, poftquam in forum de- imperium ad fenatum & populum ex regno 

currit, 8c pkbs dimovit fe, porrexit Csefari traduxit. Hinc incenfus Ccefar MaruUum 

circumje£tum laurea diadema: ac plaufus & Flavium poteftate tribunitia privavit : in 

non magnus, fed obfcurus cfl de induftria quos dum invehitur, populo pariter inful- 

confequutus. Quod ubi repulit Ccefar, po- tans, fubinde Brutos eos &'Cumanos voca- 

pulus univerfus applaufit. Illo iterum diade- vit. 

ma admovente, pauci : rcjiciente Ca^fare, ex Ita multitudo ad Marcum Brutum, qui ge- 

integro cunfti. Ita periculo fafto, Ctefar fur- nus paternum ducere cxifHmabatur a Bru- 

gens coronam in Capitolium mitti juflit. Jam to, maternura a Serviliorum alia illuftri fa- 

milia, 



K A I S A P. 165 

<rcu TT^? mTct7\v(nv t' fjLova^x^a.? Y\yL^7\ujuov cu a^. Kcu(ra^(^ TifxoLi Kj 
ycLtf-Ti^. a -jS iUoi/oj/ ga-&)9}i <afe< ^cL^acLhov ^$mo t' UoiuLTriniii (pvyngj ii(^l 
nohh^g T^ QfmTYiS^dm i(rci}(riv cJ^ouTt](rcif^^j ctAhcL y^ Trhv dx^^ (^^- 
yoLhlw 710.^ cwt4' h '^CS^T^y^^^ mV ^ "^^^^^ '^^'^^ "^^ (MKpAVi^^dTlw gAot- 
Cgf, VTTOLTdLietV ifJLihMV «V TITCJL^TOV iT©^, keJ-TCtvl^^ Kotori« TT^UlULi)- 

B-etg. 7\iyi) yJ Koucra^ eiTreiv wV S^kyioioTi^ T^kyoi \^ Kotort©", cwToq ■ 
\^Toi B^^Toi/ ax. ctv Trot^eA^oi. xo« ttots ;^ ^\,a^a7<Kov\m tlv£v tov olvS^o^ 

TT^TloijSlJYig YK^r) T' (TlWddfJLOdiag-, « TF^^Tio^iVy clAhci tQ (TOOjLiaTQ^ TM X^" 

eJi B-iyct)Vj i(py) Tr^g t^V Ska^cL70\ov\ aqj 'Ava^jSpei tQto to <^i^/j.a B^Stov 
6)V cl'{<oi/ fjSp ovla ■? cl^xytg ^t ol^^tIwj ^ia. . 3 tuuj ol^x^^-^ ^^ ^^ oixcteA- 
g-ov yi %ovn^v -jlpoiApov. ol q t' jULiTa^ooh.ng kpiif^oi-, >^ w^g fxovov baa- 
vov Y\ ne,^Tov '^<m.^7\inov\tij guutw I^V ^^ iToKfJLm S^iaT^iyi^' vvKioi^ ^ 
v.aTi.7tifJL'K7\a(rav y^ufjLctTm to (^nfxaj k^ tov a^iip^v kp' « ^^TYjyav 
g;^^«|U.(XTt^€v* wv Iw TOL TToAAct TOiavTa, Ka^^Aig B^^Tg, k^, Ovx. h B^Q- 
T©^. vp' «V Kaori(^ cd^o(M{j<^ S^iam^i^ov Y\(rvx^^ to (pihoTifjLov ouu- 
T», fJLoihhov « Treon^i' c^UhtOj }lj Tra^c^^twiV ctuT^g, IJ^ia ti k^ fjiicr^g 
iXm TT^g Tov Koiicra^, <^i>' ouTiag (X.g cv Tolg ^afei B^aVd yey^fjLfjSfoig 
^iOY)hcdmiJ^. (iX^^ i^Toi Kj d\' '{^'^/iag Kcu(ra^ oujtoVj 6)Vg k^ w^og 
T^g pihag eiTreiv -noTij Ti (pcuvQ (^ahoi^^^ vfXiv Kaart©-- 5 iftoi ]U$Ju yi 

a 

milia, generum aurem &: fororis filium Ca- latores ait : Hxc cutis exfpeftat Brutum, fifr. 

tonis, {e convertit. Hunc, ne ultro aggrede- nificaiis imperio quidem ob virtutem Brutum 

retur dominatum opprimere, delati a Cxfare dignum, fed impcrii caufa non futurum in- 

honores 6c beneficia retundebant. Non iblum gratum neque improbum. Qui vero mutatio- 

enim fecundum aciem Pharfilicam, quum fu- nem defiderabant, & illum folum vel pri- 

giffet Pompeius, confervatus eft, multof- mum refpiciebant , quum eum hac de re 

que, pro quibus deprecaretur, conlervavit ne- non aufi efient verbis tentare, nodu in tri- 

ceflarios: verum erat in magna etiam fide a- bunali & fella, qua pra:tor jus dicebat, 

pud eum. Pra;turam quoque inter confortes fparferunt libellos, in quibus multa contine- 

prsecipuam accepit. Ad hxc conful in quar- banturhujufcemodi j Dormis Brute: &,Non 

tum annum dcfignatus eft, 6c competitori es Brutus.QuibusCaflius ftimulatam nonnihil 

pr-cElatus Caffio: fi quidem perhibetur Csfar ambitionemejusfcntiens,inftitir,&: acuit eura 

dixifle, Juftiorem Caffii caufam efl^ejnon pof- quam ante acrius, quod efiet privato quodam 

fe tamen prxterire fe Brutum. Immo defe- in Caefxrem odioincenfus ex caufis quas invi- 

rentibus aliquando nonnullis Brutum, quum ta Bruti recenfuimus.HabebatctiameuraCx- 

eflet jam in manibus conjuratio, non prae- far fufpe(5tum,atque adamicosdixitaliquando, 

buit aures, fed corpus munu tangcns ad de- Quid vobis videtur CafllusvellePmihiquidera 



noa 



i66 



K A I S A P. 



Kcty (^ici<coM? TT^og cwTov, odg V£ft)Tge/^oigj/, 2X080-«?, « TroLVVy (poivouy ra- 
Tng (^iJ^oim T^g ncix^g »9 Ko^-nTdg, (j.d,XKov 3 t»? ^x^^g Kj KiTflQg cmh- 
vag' Kclos-iov 7\iym v^ B^^toi/. 

'Aaa got;tgf a;:^;; 8t&)? aTr^oucToxnToi/, 6)? dcpvhouilov dvou to TtiwPbiLLi- 

VOf hvTH Kj (TYllULeiOL S-OUUfJLOL^d K, (pCL(rfJLClTCL (pOLViivoU Kiya^TiV. (TiXOL (Mp ^v 

^^VLOL ^ TwVa? mlo)^ 7vo7\7\a.xi S^ioLCpi^ppiiCy K^ KcLTcu^ovlctg «V dyo- 
^v s^ri/bLiig o^ViS-cLgy hk d%\,ov Kycdg qJ^ Tvd^ei TnAwbVft) [j,VY)fjLov£<rcu. 2T^ot- 
^m <piAo,(ro<p(B^ Wo^h, TroAAaV ^^ ctvOf&)V8? hoLTtv e^^ag cBips^ofjLivag 
(poLvlwcu, <^^TmT^ Q dv^^og ohnUi) qm t' ;:^«foV cM^0L7\iiv 7ro70\lw (pKo^ 
ycL, v^ (^QKelv Kciis^i "To*? o^wrtf &)V l7roM;a-ctTo, |U.wJ^gj/ g;^«i/ ^cax.of tov 
dv^^mov. ouuT^ KcMcraex B-vovlk Tnv kol^S^Iclv d(pcLVYi -^gcSg t» <g^«a, ;^ 
cT^i/oi/ «voM To Ti^g' 8 y:) cti/ (pv(rei ye (tv^Iwgu l^coov dKd^(Siov. Itiv q k. 
TDUUTOL no7\7\S)V dK^(Tcu S^ii^iovlm, odg Tig cujtw fxdvJig YifjLi^ci MctfTi» (jLn- 
vog, riv ei(^\ig '?odfJLouoi KCL7\^(riV, 7r§oei7roi f^iycLV (pv^^d-fli^ KivS^uuuov. gAOa- 
0-«? t' y)fXi^g-> 7re,oi(idV Kcu(ra^ eig tIw (rvfK7\t]Tov,d(moL(TdfjSf@-' tt^o^T' 
TTcu^eii T^ fjLdvlet (pdi^^, ou f^ <^w M.d^Ticu eiSo\ 7rd^ei(Tiv' q ri(rvxn 
7r§og ouuTov eiTtoi, vou 7td^ei(TiV , ctAA a 7ra§i7\Yi7\vQoL<Tiv. tf^o fjLidg j) n- 
fjLi^ag^ Md^K^ AiTriS^a <^«7ri/i(j3v1(^ olutov, iTvxi fJiiv i7fi9o7\dg -uztra- 
y^(pm, olxTTti^ eio^^ei, KOLTOLKeif^(^' ifJL7Vi(Tov\^ Q 7\.oy\i 7ro\(^ d^ 
i^ S-oLvdTm a£Z9"(^, diroLvlcig (p^d(TcLg c^g^ono-gv, d7r§o(T(S^oKYiT^. 

non admodum pallor ejus placet. Jam fama re: ubi extin£ta eft, nihil hominem mali 

eft Antonio & Dolobclla apud cum delatis, habuifle. Ipfi Cxfari immolanti cor hofti^e non 

■quod res novas molirentur, nihil plane time- apparuifle, idque pro tetro oftento habitum : 

re fe hos refpondifle eum, pingues & coma- neque enim confittere naturaliter animal fine 

tos, fed pallidos illos potius 8c macilentos : corde pofle. Hoc item paflim audias co.m- 

Cafllum & Brutum defignans, memorari, arufpicem quendam cum prasmo- 

At non peiinde improvifum videtur, ut in- nuiflt, ut Idibus Martiis grave periculum ca- 

evitabile fatum : quando tunc rara prodigia & veret. Qui dies quum illnxiflrt, progredi- 

fpeftra memorant apparuifl^e. Ac fulgores enfque ad fenatum falutaflet Csfar arufpi- 

quidem coeleftes 8c imagines nofturnas paflim cem, ac ludens dixiflet, Atqui Idus Martis 

huc illuc difcurrentes,avefque folitarias in fo- Adfunt : refpondifl^e ei arufpicem fubmifle. 



( 



rum delatas minus conveniat fortafl^e tanto in 
cafu commemorare. At Strabo philofophus 
tradit multos viros flammeos incurrere vifos : 
militis fervum ingentem flammam e manu e- 
mififl^c, eamque vifam confpicientibus arde- 



adfunt vero, non pr^terierunt tamen. Prr» 
die quum apud M. Lepidum ccenaret, fiib- 
fcribebat forte epiftolis, ut folebat recum- 
bens. Ibi fermone moto, quaenam mois op- 
tima foret, omnes anteverteas exclamavit, 
S Ino- 



K A I S A P. 167 

OL^cjL ttS KJvTrco )ij TC^ (pcoTi, K^ hcifJL7iii(rY\g -^ (TiXluung «c^sTo tIw KaA- 

Tra^ViOLV (loL^iOdg fjSp >LOL^<^^TCLV, CLdCKpHg Q Cp&JVaV ^ 9iVCtfjUL>^g OLVCt^^^iig 

OK 'f^ v7rv(i)y civcL7iifjL%^<TcJLV- hS^oKei Q d^ Khcueiv cAceivov qJ^ Toug dfKoi- 
"houg %x^^^ KctTi.(r<poLy\^ov. ol q «' <Pol(t\v tw ytwouKi tchjtUv «^go^ tIuj 
o-vj/ti/' ctAAot luu yS Ti Tn Kcu(ra^(^ oIkicl 7F^(rKei(x)pov, oiov <Mi KoiTfJLCd Kj 
(TifJLV0TY\Ti T' (iiihrig '^Y\(pi(ToLf^y)<; cLk^catazjlov-, «V A/^i©-' tVof«" T^TO ova^ 

« KrtA7r«^v/ct B-iOL(rOLfJ^y] KCtTCLppnyVVplJOV, i(^o'^€ TTOTVloi^ Jij S^OLK^VHV. nui' 
^q <^' «V '■^OfjSfJYig, iS^HTO T« K0MVa^(^, « jt/$Ju oiof T€, /tt>1 TT^ih^eiv, 

o(AA' olvol^^olM^ tIw (rvfK?\Y)Tov' €i 'j T^f C4(«W ov«^&)i/ gAot;:^i$-ot (p^vJi(jiy 
(TKi-^oL^^ (^Kt fjictvliKYig (xKKY\g jc, k^m (CjSe). tQ fiiAKov}(^\ e-ix^v <^s Tig, &)V 
't^ot^csf, xaKfiVov -uzsDVp/ot )^ (^o^©-'. ac)^gi/a ;)a) yiwcuKKTfiov cv t^miS^oufJLovicL 
%^Tiojv KoLTifvcoKCi TYig KoL?\7rii^vicLg, TOTi Q g(M£^ fC^7ra^S(roLV. &)V »9 
TToAAct jtccTotS-Jo-avlg? ol fjLcLvleig tCpctcroLv oujt^ h^ra^eiv, lyvcd TTifjL-^^oLg 'Av- 
TCi^viov, dcpiivDU tIw crvfKhriTov. 

'Ev T^T(^ AiKi(B^ B^aT(^, cBiKM(riv 'AhCiv©^, 7ri<^(^ofj^(^ fjSp -^sd 
KcwVct^©-', fe 19 ^Sjti^^ tjV ctfVa >tAji£^vo^(^ ygy^'(^9c«, to7$' q tts-' 
ei B^«Tov Tov iTi^v K^ KdoTiov (WgTs;:^&)V -^ (rtw(tifjLO(rioLg, (po^«0«V |tt« t/m) 
^fJL^O^V CMelvlw i^lCLK^aCTCLfBlJii tQ Kcu(tol^(^, iK7rv<^(^ ») TT^^ig "^yT), TaV 
Tg fj.dv\eig ixh^al^v, j^ Ka^n^fliro tQ Kcuira^^, dg ouriag v^ <^ia^o7\dg 

iOLUTtO 

t 

Inopinata. Inde apud uxorem more fiio natum. Quod fi fomnia fua flocciperuderer, 

quum cubaret, omnibus cubiculi januis pa- at divinationes alias hoftiafque confuleret de 

riterque feneftris patefadlis, exterritus eft fi- impendentibus. Unde fuit aliqua illi quo- 

mul ftrepitu & lumine, Calpurniamque fplen- que, ut videtur, oblata fufpicio & metus; 

dente luna advertit arfte fopitam voces ob- quippc fuperftitionem nuUam animadvcrterat 

fcuras fufpiriaque edere indifcreta. Imagi- ante muliebrem in ea, quam tum videbat 

nabatur illa lugere fe eum, quem in gremio anxiam. Ut vero multis jam cjefis hoftiis 

teneret confoflum. Eam vifionem alii ne- renuntiaverunt ei arufpices lirari non pof- 

gant eioblatam: fed quuin Casfaris sedibus fe, ftatuit miflb Antonio fenatum dimitrere. 

eflet ex fenatufconfulto adjunftum, (ut autor Interea Dccius Brutus, Albinus cogno- 

eft Livius) velut ad ornamentum 6c amplitu- mento, (quem Cacfar ob fidem, quam ei ha- 

dinera, pinnaculum, id per quietem imngi- bebat, in fecundis hasredibus fcripferat, quum 

nata coUabi Calpurnia, videbatur fibi ideo conjurationisakeriusBruti £<:Caffii confors eG- 

lamentari & lacrymari : ac quum lux appe- fet) veritus, ne fi diem illum exemiflet Caefar, 

tifl^et, rogavit Caefarem, fi qua fieri poflet, res efferrctur, inifit arufpices, Caefaremque 

ne prodiretj fcd in ftliud tempus rcjiceret fe- caftigavitj quod criminummateriara 2ccal«m- 

niai-um 



i68 



K A I S A P. 



lcWTW )iJodfM{Jii TT^g tLuU (TyTxAMTO:/, C^^V(poi^ S^O-HH^TCtr nmV jW^J y) cw- 

rluj, >ish^<rciv](^ cMeiva, v^ TT^S-viuLiig hvcu -^Y^d^^i^i^ TtdvlcLg-, oTrodg 't^ 
c/jiTog 'lTci?\.ictg h7ra.^x^av (2>ct<Ti?^djg civayo^Sjo^To, v^ (po^iv) i^idi^Y^^cL rlw 
oiKhhuj cBiodV ylw J^ S-oihOLc^oLV' « o (p^^oi tU ouuTolg KOL^l^oi^oig, 
yiw fjSp oLTroLhXoLTli^DU, woL^etvou cu)3-ig otolv ci]J;:^o{ P>i?\.Tio(nv ovei^tg 
Ka^.7rii^vioL, rivoig l(Ti^ou 7\oy^g a^^ -^ (p^oviivJodV 3 ri riva t^ (p^hm' 
dvi^iQ-ou (^iS^au-y-ovlodv odg ^x^ i^nK^a rouuTa v^ Tv^vvig ig-iv, oihTs! ei S^o- 
Kei noivlodg, i(py}, tIw i^jULi^v d(poa-iod(ra^ou, (ii7\.Tiov ouutov Tf^iTv^ovJa j^ 
Tv^crayo^Sjdavla tIuu (^axUv v7rie,^i^ou- touu^' a/uLa 7\iyobv B^ar©-', 

^y^ "^ X^t9^ K(^^OfjSp(^ TOV KcwVct^, Kj fJLlK^V fRp DUUTW TTP^iK^^OvJl. 

'P^ 3-v^^y, omTK ctAAore/©-' c^v^eiv TT^o^vibLiif^©-', ok nrldTo tQ <3fei 
c/Keivov 0dSL7(JL^ K^ ttAjJO»?, (hia(rdi^(^ elg tIuj omav, n^a^i^ooKiv ictu- 
tov 7« KaKvni^vici^ (pvxdTJeiV Ki7.^<Tag dxQ^g dv hivaviK^A Kcua^a^, odg 
%X^^ l^iydxa TT^yfxaTa KaTemeiv Tr^g cujtov- 

' A^T^ijJS^od^^ 0, KviS^i^^ To "^(^, 'EKhlwiKOdv 7\oyotiv (ToCpi^Yig, k^ hd 
tSto y^yovodg cAiioig (rujun^ng 'P^ <^^ BfSrof, odcrTi j^ yv&vau rot TvKn^^a 
■^ 7r^Tlofjdpct}V, Imv i^ cv (^i^^hiSiu) KOfxi^odV «.Vg^ ifJLiKKiV fxlwveiv' 
^§SiV TQV Kcuaa^ i^ (^ifoKicdV sKa^ov S^ix^^ppov, j^ o^^hHvla Tolig 
«tfe< avTov vTTYi^iToug, sfyvg (r(po<^^ TT^ofTihSodv, Taro, g(^«, Kouira^, 
dvdyvodS-i ijlov(^ jt, Taxi(>^g' y^y^'^ "P ^ttH T^e^aypLdTm fjL^ydXodv, 
Kcu (Toi i^ia^pi^vlodv. h^df^^^ ^v 6 Kaiara^, dvayvodvcu fjtkv \:m irKn- 

Qag 

niarum prEeberet adverfus fe Patribus, qui nus convcnire geftiens C^farem, ubi a cin- 

ludibrio viderentur haberi. Convenifle ex gente Ctefarem multitudine eft repulfus, 

ipfiusediao fenatum, libentemque omnia de- conjecit fe in domum ejus, tradiditque Cal- 

creturum, ut provinciarum extra Italiam rex purnis, dum rediflet Caefar, cuftodiendum. 

diceretur, omnibufque locis aliis terra mari- Magna habere oftendit fe, quas ad eum de- 

que diadema ferret. Quibus fi quis confiden- ferret. 

tibus dicat, in praefentia ut difcedant, rede- Artemidorus Cnidius genere, litterarum 

antque ubi na<5ta fuerit Calpurnia l«tiora Grjecarum do£tor, qui ea de re nonnullis 

fomnia: quales futuri fint apud invidos fer- Bruti fociis familiariter utebatur, cognoverat 

mones, aut quis laturus amicos ejus oftende- magna ex parte quse agebantur: eaque in 

re conantes, non efle hanc fervitutem & ty- libello complexus, afFerebat indicium fuum. 

rannidem ? Quod fi diem hunc omnino, in- Qui quum Casfarem cerneret, quos accipie- 

quit, abominaris, fatius eft teipfum in fena- bat libellos, eos comitantibus ipfum fervis 

tum venire, patribufque appellatis rem in a- tradentem, quam proxime accedens, Hunc, in- 

liud tempus rcjicere. Sic fatus Brutus fi- quit, C^efar folus lege &cito:magnasenimres 

mul Csefarem manu prehendit eduxit- continet, & ad te pertinentes. Acceptum Cx- 

que. Progreflum paululum foras fervus alie- far legere per falutantium frequentiain, licec 

eflet 



K A I S A P. 169 

S-ag T^ ovlvfxavovJoiiv c^waJOji, naiTfi^ o^fJLy\<Ta<; TroKKcim" hv ^ tm x^^ 
mTiX^^ ^ CpuAot-flwv lULovov qmHvOj TTct^JjiAOgv «V tIw crufJcA«7(3i/. gctot J^g 

(pa<3'<l' aAAOl/ cPfK^QvcU TO (hl^hiOV tQtO, TOV cT' ' A^TifJiiJ^Oi^V aJ^g 0A&)? 

7r^ff-gA0«i/, ctAA' QMb7\i^lwou (ts^ ■kS.to.v tIuj oHv. 

'Ah?\OL TOUUTOL IjSp YI^Y] TTii (pi^H ^ TO OUUTOfJLCLTOV Q h^OLfAfj(^ TOV 

(pQVov QMavov Tij Tov (xySiVcL x^^^y "'^ ^** ^ (yvy>iAYiT(^ nS-^i^Yiy tots 
IloiuLTTYiiii (J^ eiKovoL mi^lw iX^^y UofjLTTYiia dvoLS-YifjLO. yiyovctig 'P^ 
7f^o)ii>io(rfjLY)ySiJ0dV tw B-iOLT^(t>-, %cf.v\cL%OL<Tiv 0L7ri(pnV€V (S^oufjLovQ^ Tivog vCpYiya- 
fj8{jii )t, kol7\^v\(^ cmh tIw n^^iv i^yov y^yovivou. K^yJ ^v yij Ag^g^ Kctort©-' 

«V TOV dvi^^CLvlcl tS TlofJLTVYliii TT^ '^ \{x^ie,Wi(jdg ^^^m^KiTrOdV-, cBjKaT^ei^ (TM- 

7tY)i KOUTTi^ ^K aAAoVe/©^ m T^" 'E7rt>t«f b "h.oyciiv, d^Kh o ytoupjg-, &)V 'eoi- 

KiV-, n^Y\ tQ J^eivQ 7r0L^i<^CdT<^, CM^-ii(TiOL(TfJL0V CJHiTToiei Kj 7rdS(^-, dvu '^ 71^0- 
Ti^CdV "KoyKT^- ' Kv\(^VlOV [B{J bJ/, TTifOJ/ Ov\oL KcU(TOLeA }L, f)(t)fjLOL7\iOV-, 'i^dO 7tOL-' 
^KOLTHXiV B^aT©-* 'AAfB(I/©-, lfJ,'oCt7\0dV cJmTYlhg OfJLlhioLV |W,«K©-' tx^'^'^^' 

«crtov]©-' KoMVotf(^, « ^aAw |u3/) yVgJavefw 3-gg^7r<^'«a-ct* rof:/ q ^3%«^ 

BfarOV 01 fJ(9/) cJ^OTTlSTiV TOV ^iCp^OV OUUtQ fZ^iS^nTOLV , ol Q CtTTSlvlnCOtl/ 

&)V cf*»! MsrtAAiw K/;tt€^&) ^sfei dhx(p^ (pvydS'^^ cv\vfxdvov\t (Tiwhn^rofjLi- 

VOh ^ (TUUii^ioV^O fJLiX^ '^^ cTlC^^a C^C^KOTOiS^V^ig . dg Q KOLB-i(TOLg (^igX^ag- 
TO TCtV (^in^Teig, Kj 7r^0(TKeilS{J0dV ^tOMoVgfOl/, JiyctVCtx]« 7r^g iKOL^OV, 6 (J^ 

Mer/AAt©-' tIuu TYi^ivvov ouutQ Toug XH^'^^ dfJL(poTi^oug (Tv7\7\cjL^odV, )sm 

T» T^^WAa KOLTn"^' QTfi^ YjV <TlW^Y)fJLOL T' C^;^«^WCre6)^. ^T^OdT^^ Q KaV- 

xct? 

eflet fubinde conatus, prohibitus eft, ac ma- citus Pompeium invocafTe, Verum articulus 

nu illum tenens folumque fervans venit in fe- ille, utpote tanto jam ingruente difcrimine, a- 

natum.Sunt qui dicant alium porrexifle hunc motis prioribus fententiis, fanaticum eum 8c 

libellum, Artemidorum vero nequaquam va- commotum reddidit. Igitur Antonium fidum %r 

luifle eum adire, fed fuifl^e per totam viam Casfari & valentem moratus efl; extra curiam 

aditu extrufum. Decius Brutus, fcrmonem ex compofito cum 

Cfeterum ha:c fortafle cafuum fert te- eo prolixum exorfus. Ingreflb Casfari aflur- 

meritas. At locus ubi csedes illa & facinus rexit honoris caufa fenatus. Bruti cohors par- 

efl: patratum, in quo coaftus fuit fenatus, ubi tim pone fellam ejus circumfteterunt, alii 

ftatua erat Pompeii locata, dedicatus a Pom- proceflerunt ei obviam, tanquam cum Cim- 

peio inter ornamenta qux theatro praetexue- bro TuUio pro fratre ejus exule rogaturi : ac 

rat, omnino oftendit numinis cujufpiam au- deprecantes ufque ad fellam funt eum profe- 

toris & trahentis illuc negotium fa£i;um il- quuti. Ut confidens abnuit preces, inftanti- '^ 

lud fuifle. Quinetiam Cafllus fertur, quam- bufque acrius fingulis infenfus eft,TuIIius to- 

vis ab Epicuri doftrina non abhorreret, e- gam ejus ambabus manibus correptam a collo 

am ftatuam ante aggrefiionem refpiciens ta- detraxit. Id fignum erat adoriendi. Primus 

VoL. IV. Y Cafca 



170 K A I S A P. 

icdLg ^i^et TFOuet a^ rov cwx^^^y 7r7\Yiylw « 3-at/otTnCpo^oP sJ^ (^A^iiAV, 
a.Kh\ ft)V eizog, h cl§x^ To7\fA.nftctT^ {Xiycb\>i tcl^x^^^' ^Vs ^ rov Kck- 

(TOL^ fZiTCt?-^(piv}cL T^ g/^«e/^/^ T^CL^iSrCU iij Ka.TCL<^HV. CLfXA K TTOdg c/fg^ 

(pc^vno-oLV i 6 ^ 7rA>i7«V, fddpLciim:, yiid^moLTi Kol(Tkcl tI noieig; 6 ^ 

TFM^OL?) iXTxlwiS-] Tf^g TOV OLh?\(pOV, 'A<^€?\<pi ^0>lO«. TOlOJUTy^g Q -^ CL^- 

X*)g ^oijS^n^y tQ? i^ »/s!> (TiwMTCtg gWAw|t? ^x^^-> ^ ^Ps^kyi Tr^g m 
J^pdfj^iJcL, fJLY\Ti (pSjyav-, fjLYiTi dfJLVuudVr, ctAAoL (ULn^s (p&ivlju) CAcQcLhheiV 

TO?\p^TCLg. T^" 7rc/.^i(7K^CL(Tl&pa)V S^ TOV CpOVOV iyLCL<^H yvpLVov "^K^M- 

^a.v\(^ To '^iip©-', h xmKcf fZtfe^g;/oju^(^ , K. w^g c, n T^i^^ea tLlu 
o-vj/tv, 7r?\nycug cLwav^, k^ a-K^n^u) (ps^oi^o) k^ k^ Tr^oirodTrb k^ kolt 6<p- 
^(5tA;w5fr (^is?\ajuv6fjSp(^, cdcoj^ B-neiov heiXmo TCLig TroLvJm x^?^^^- cltfolv- 

TOLg ^ i<^et KaTOL^^OL^CU K^ ydjcrOLcjOLt tQ (p6v}^. <h6 J^ BfaT(^ CWT^ 7C7\n- 

ynv cvg^otAg fjLioLV eig tov (iii^odvoL. AiyQ o \W nvm, ^g «g^ ic^g Tiig 
aAAy^ "STiDfjLaxoA^©^, K^ <ha(pi^(dv hv^o KctKei to orodfjca, ^ KiK^yf^g, 
OTi B^Stov ^hv iozrao-fjdfov to ^i(p^, s<peiXKv(raTo k^ -^ Ki(pa7\ng To 
IfjLOLTiov, Kj 7ra{nKiV iouuTov, eiT€ v:m tvx^^i ^ts "Thro t^ KJetvovlcov oiir&i- 
^eig TT^og tnv ^oicriv e(p' ng 6 UofjLTrYiln ^i^nKsv dvS^^ctg. j^ %oXv KaS^n- 
p.a^iv avTYiv 6 <p6v(^, (tjg (^oKetv avTov iCpi^avai t^ Tifxcd^ct tS TroXsfiia 
tlo'fjL7rniov vzFo 7c6(Pag K€K?\ifim, k^ <z^Gjjcii^ov\(^ 'cm 7r?\n^>ig t^aujfjLcL- 
Tcov. eiKotri ^ j^ Teia Ka^eiv Aeyg^* k^ tto AAo< KaTiT^cdB-norav \W dhXn- 
A&)i/, «V 'h d7r^ei(^6fjjpoi (rSfjLa 7f7\.nydg TO(ravTag. 

KfltT- 

Cafca gkdio vulnus recundum cervlcem infli- & guftarent c^edem : ideoque unum Brutus 

git ei, neque lethale neque grave, nimirum vulnus ingeffit ei fecundum inguina. Memo- 

in magni facinoris exordio attonitus. At Cae- rant nonnulli c^eteris illum repugnafTe, cor- 

far converfus pugionem corripuit & tenuit : pufque huc & illuc jaftafle, vociferarumque 

fimulque clamorcm fullulere, Caefar Latine, fuifle : at flmul ut Brutum confpexit fl:ric- 

Scelerate Cafca quid agis? Cafca Grtece ad tum tenentem gladium, toga caput obvolvif- 

fratrcm, Fmer ades. Eo fafto initio, exortes fe, ac fefe demififlej fuitque fortuitone an a 

confilii ftiupor & horror contemplantes incef- percuflbribus impulfus ad bafim in qua pofita 

fit, nec fugere aut fuccurrere, ac ne vocem Pompeii ftatua erat: eamque large cruore, 

quidem mittere audebant. Conjuratorum u- dum interficeretur, refperfit. Ita apparebat 

noquoque ftriftum intcntante gladium undi- ultioni de hofte fumendx prarfuifl^e Pompei- 

que Ca;far circumventus, ac quocunque con- um, ad pedes fuos abjefto acque ob vulnerum 

vcrtiflet oculos, iftibus occurrens ferroque multitudinem animam agente. Tribus enim 

minanti, quod faciei fuac 8c oculis intentaba- & viginti plagis confofllis dicitur. Multi k 

tur, in omnium manibus inftar fci-a: voluta- mutuo fauciavere, quum corpus unum tam 

batur. Convenerat enim utomnes libarent crebris peterent idtibus, 

in- 



K A I S A P. 171 

ih^ovK^, 6)V Ti (^Ci 'P^ -Ki-n^y^^m 2^iv](^, hk oivct^ofj^n S^ioi ^v^cov 
(^mTifJiv, K^ (pSjyaa-a KdTinMG-i tcil^x^'^ "^ ^^^^ >c^'^« tov ^rifjLov, 
aare Tcig {jSp okiotg K7\eieiV, r^V o ^h<7io7\d7vm To^ni^ctg j^ ;;^^n,actrt5-we^ct' 

^fijfJiO^ X^^^^^^ '^^^ f^ ^ "^^^ TOTiOV O-^Of^i^g TO 7iCL^(^, T^g 

cMeikv, iod^KOTOLg. 'Av}odvi(^ »9 AsTTicT©-, ol iLLOL7\ig-oL (pihoi Kaicrct^©^ 
vTra^tJUJTig, eig okiccg ki^g KciTi(pvyov. 01 3 (^^ B^Qtov, aa-Tn^ yictolv 
in B-i^(JLo\ t4 (povu), yvfjLVoi tol '^i(pr) (S^eiKViwTig, clixcl ncivlig >^' ra f^s- 
7\djTY\eJi'^ (rv<^^(pivJig ^^X^^^^ ^^ '^^ K.cL7fiT(^7^.iov, ii (pSya^nv loiKOTigy 
0LA7\ci jU.oL7\OL pcuS'^) K) 3-oLJijiOLAioi, c^m7\Qv]ig cJ^ tIw l7\So^itLOLV TO 
ttAmO©^? >9 7r^(rhX0M^'^^ t-^V oLex^ag '^ avlvfxoLvovJcdv. tvioi 3 ^^ (tvjjcjlv- 
iCcuvov ouuToig, j^ KciTifJLiyvvdOLV kouuT^g, (^g (jLiTi<^moTig tQ l^y^, lii^ 

7fOQ(Ti7fOlQvJo tIw ^O^CJLV ^V UjU K^ ToLlog 'OKJoLiiiog Kj Aiv}X(^ STTtJ/- 

3-«£. ^TOi (uV ^v Tvig oLAoLl^oveioLg ^ix.ljuu 'iS^otiKOLV ij9€^v, ^sm 'Avlodviii Kj 
t5 via KcMora^©-' cLVou^iS-ivJig , >t, fjLYiS^i TY\g <^o^y]g, cTt' Iw oi^ri^vna-aov t 
'^7\ouu(TOLv]ig, 0L7rig-ici T^ OL7\7\Cfiv. acTg jO ol }ioXcL^ov\ig OUUTdg , r«? 
TtpgL^iCtig , OL7\7\ct Tfig (SyAnVgo)? tLuu ^i}ilw iXoi^ov. fJH^' Ylfxk^V Q '^ 
(^ Bfarot; KOLTiT^^oiiloiV Kj TromoLfj^oov hoyag, ^ (^iifz(^ yrs A'a-- 
yipouvodv, iiTi 6)V STfouvodV TOL 7ii7i;^y\^a. Toig 7\.iyofSpoig 7rfj(7eixiV} 
ci7\7\ JTTgJ^wA» rv) ttoAAm cr{&)7r», Kou(ra^. {Mp oliilei^Oiiv, ai(^iifj^<^ j} 
Bfarof. « (rJ/JcAnr(^ dfJLVn^iag nvoig k^ (rvfjL^d^Hg n^-fliida 7rd(Tiv, 

Kou. 

Interfefto Csefare fcnatus, quamvis Brutus ti, atque fe ut fafti confortes aflbciaverunt 

in medium procederet tanquam aliquid de eo eis, ac gloriam illam vendicarunt : in quibus 

euod aftum fuerat diftur.us, nihil moratus Caius Oftavius & Lentulus Spinther fue- 

confeftim ejecit fe foras, fugienfque implevit runt. Hi interfe<Sti poft ab Antonio & Oc- 

civitatem tumultu & terrore ingenti : ut ja- tavio Caeliire poenas dederunt infolentije : ac 

nuas obferarent, alii menfas relinquerent & ne gloriie quidem, cujus caula necati funt, 

tabernas: curfu ferrentur alii iilum in locum quia non crediderunt alii, fruftum cepere: 

ad fpeftandum facinus: alii illinc, qui vidc- neque enim illi qui puniverunt eos, fafti pia- 

rant: Antonius & Lepidus, amici primarii cula, fed voluntatis exegerc. Poftero die de- 

Caefaris, fubducentes fe abdiderunt in te61:a a- fcenderunt conjurati ex Capitolio, ac con- 

liena. Conjurati autem, Brutique focii, cx- cionem habuerunt. Populus autem pr^buic 

de adhuc calentes ftriftifque gladiis micantes, ita dicentibus aures, ut neque improbaret ne- 

una omnes globo fafto ex curia Capitolium quc probaret faftum : verum obftinato fi- 

petiere : ncc prx fe ferebant fugam, fed mire lentio Csefarem lignificavit miferari fe, Bru- 

erefci fidentefque vocaverunt ad libertatem tum vero in reverentia habere. Senatus vero 

populum, exceperuntque optimum quemque de oblivione prseteritorum & reconciliatione 

qui ipfos appellaret. Aliqui fuqt eos comita- intcr omnes agens, decrevit Casfari divinos 

Y z hono- 



172 K A I S A P. 

Kcu(ra.p^ liisv 6og Seov TifJLa,v l-^n^piTctvlo, j^ kivHv ^mh ro (TfJLiv,^roL- 
rov m cMeiv(B-' ol^X^^ g^a'A<^(rgv* rolg o (^^ B^aroi/ 27rct^x^cL? ri ^i- 
V£ifyy j^ rifjLctg oLTTtJ^odKi TT^iTniG-ctg' (ATri 7rcivia.g oU^ rd TT^.y^dLrcL 
}iOLroL90L(riv tx^^^ "^ (rvfKe/<nv cLTteiM^pivou rlw OLe/,<Flw. 

'Ett^ tV <^iOLS-t)mv T^ Kcu(roL^(^ oLVo^x^moov Sj^i^y) h^ojuLm '?(ti~ 
fjLcum iK0L<FCt> ^Q(ng ct^ioKoy(^, j^ ro (rodjbLOL 'KOfjLi^^of^ov S^i dyo^g 
s3-iOL(Tav}o roug TrhYiycug ^ioLKihcd^cY^fJLiVov, a^c tn KO(rfj,ov eix^v aJ^s m- 
^iv ouur'^ ro 7rA«0(^, ctAAot i4 fJJiv ViK^co c^^rcd^^dctviig c^ dyoo^g 
^dB-^ K^ KifKKiS^oLg j^ r^wi^oLg, vCpii-^oLV cwrQ j^ KoLriKcaxroLV' oi^- 
ju^ot <^aAbV (^kOLTfv^ag 'i^iov oJm roig omoLg r^ dvv}^morodv KoLrct- 
(pXi^ovJig, aAAoi o i(poirodv -KoJ^o.x^^Ti r' TroAgw?, (rvAha^eiv y^ hoLtjjjd- 
(ra^ou r^g dv^^.g ^m^vlig. olg cyHeivodv fxiv >ih]g dnbjjrn^nv , dx^A 
iv 7ri<p^yfJ.ivoi ndvlig Yiaav. Kmag ^k Ti? -^^ Kcu<ra^(^ ircu^ooVy 
irvx^v f^^h (^<i (pacr^v j rng TraecoxnfJ^ivng vvKJog o-^iv iCd^.KOdg droTrov. 
IS^oKei -^S vzeTO Kai(ra^(^ cJtu Siiirvov KaMH^cu' cz^irdi^(^ q, dys- 
^cu -^ X^^^'' ^"^^ cwrSy fj.v\ (2>aAof4u©-', otAA' dv\neiv(tiv. cdg q nK^io-iv 
cv dyo^d ro (T(£)fxa KaiiSrou rS Kai(ra^(^ , dva^^dg i^dh^C^iv Sm n- 
fxn-, KaiTTi^ v(po^od{^(^ rlw o^J/tf dfjLa j^ Ttv^irl^iiv. Kai rt? oC;)^iv\(^ 
ouur^ T^-J 7ro?\?\&v i(p^(TiV irie,cd riivofxa Tnw^avofjivcdy KctKiiv<^ dx- 
Afflj »9 cl^tot wdvlo^v <^'OuV hju, (idg ^rog i<^iv o dvn^ rm dvn^nKoronv Kai- 
crot£^* v^ y^ Uju rtg ofX(^vvfjJ^ cAtiivca Kivvag cjv roig (njuiJOdfxocrafj.ivoiCy 



ov 



honores, afta ejns omnia confirmavit adeo runt, requirentes eos ut comprehendereryt 8c 

ut ne leviffimiim quippiam mutaretur, con- difcerperent : in quos nemo illorum incur- 

iuratis dedit provincias, convenicntefque tri- rit, fed fepferant fe omnes diligenter. Cin- 

buit honores. Unde putabant rempublicam na quidam ex amicis Cxfaris fomnium hor- 

omnes pacatara efle atque optime compofi- rendum priore no£i:e habuerat. Videbatur 

tam. fibi ad coenam invitari a Csefare: quum re- 

At poftquam apertis teftamenti Cxfaris ta- nueret autem, manu ab eo invitus & reUic- 

bulis compe\tum efi: legatum populo Roma- tans duci. Hic audito Csfaris corpus in fo- 

no viritim luculentum reliftum elfe, elatum- ro cremari, etfi vifionem fufpeftam habebat, 

que per forum corpus vulneribus confpexere 6c tenebatur etiam febre, honoris iUius cau- 

laceratimi,haud potuit ultra contineri aut re- fa in forum profefbus ell. Ut confpeftus 

gi muhitudo: fed congeftis ex fbro fubfel- eft, nomen quidam ex plebe qua;renti alte- 

liis, cancelUs, menfifque, fuccenderunt & ri dixit, iUe alteri. Mox omnes pervafit, 

crcmavcrunt cadaver. Inde ardentibus titio- unum hunc e(^e ex Cxfaris percufibribus. 

nibjs ad domos inflaramandas percuflbrum Erat enira in conjuratis aUus iUi cognomi- 

tetendere, Alii per totam urbem difcurre- nis Cinna, quem, quod exiftimarent hunc 

f efle. 



K A I S A P. 173 

01/ tQtoV ^VCU TT^T^CL^Ovli? y ai^jULY}(rciV ^^V? K^ MaZTCi^rciV CV fMi<r(t) TOV 

civ^^mov. tQto jULcthis-cx. ^HQ-avlsg ol ^ B^Stov y^ KaWtoi/, a" ttoA- 
7\0dv riiixi^£v ^iaj^oy^ijm a7rg;^4)f«croti/ cm Tyig TroMcag. a o »9 Tr^gai'- 
Tig }i, TraOovlg? gTgA<^V«a-cti/, cm» Tolg ^ B^aVa ysye^Tr^- 

0^/)Vxa Koua-cL^, Toi f^ ttclvIol yiyovcag hy) mvlmovlcL j^ gj, Uofj.- 
nmco cT' (^"7n^*&)Va? « ttoAv TTAgoi/ si^ Tgarct^&)i'' /«>' o tJ ^<« 7rai/7< a^- 
Xlu) y^ StwoL^HOLV S^ioL m(hwoiV TO(T>iTm ^Mmv fxoxig KdTei^yct^ra.- 
To, TouuTY\g iifiv on fJLvi TilvofjLa fJLovov Kj tIw dJTriip^ovov Kci^7ra)(rctf/.€- 

V(^ S^Q^OLV ci^ ^ -KOXi^. jU^Vot fJLiycLg OJUtQ (^0Uf/,6>iV, & a^ TOV 
(hloV iX^mcJLTO, J^ TiA<hTY\(TCJLv\(^ iTtmoKii^ndiV TlfiCtipjg tS (^Ot/» , (^ICL 

Ti yrig -KcL^^og k, ^OLKcio^m ihajuvodv yi^ dvixydjctiv axtf- tQ fMnS^iva 7\i- 
TFiiv VfJ* ctTraloi/oVffli', ctAAa\ J^ TaV ^aO' oVtat/, n x^^ '^^ kY'^ S-iyov^ 
Tag , y) yvcdfxy^g fJLiTaxoviag im^iA^iiv. B-cwfjLacriooTaTov V^ fi^ civ- 
^^oditivodv To ctikX KctVrtor mV]»3-«V -y^ ev OiAiWoj?, iyieivod t^ J*^*- 
cf*i6) Mcp^ei^iV iouuTov & kJ KcwVct^©^ ix^waTo' V^^ q ^cictiv, 0, ti fxk- 
yag v.ofA.y\TY\g ( g^ctv« -^ Sln vvjilag iTfict fX^ Thil KcwVotf©-' (rcpaylw 
S^iaTi^iiiYig, ^Ta Y\(pavi^n) v^ to ^sfet tov «Atoi/ cifj.a/j^odfu.a t' auyng. ohov 
^ cAiCivov Tov inouuTov (i)xS'' l^ ° xJjcA©-' Kj fJLa^fJLae,vycig iiK g;^«i/ 

(iviTi7\XiV, d^^Vig J^ AETtIoI/ CtV OW;Vi? JtCtTVlVt TO ^ie,fJLOV' Od(rTi TOV f^ 

di^. ^voCbiP^v v^ (ia^ui) d^iveici. -^ (^iaaejLVii^rYig ouutov dXiag cAi(pi^i<^, 
T»V m^TT^g Y\fjLi7ii7piiig v^ dTi7\eig dTvav^ricrcu Kj a^^)tfJLd(rcu i^id tIw -^v- 

efTe, impetu confeftim fa£to in ipfo foro eum vit interfeftores, quoad nullus fuperfuit, fed 

dikceraverunt. Ob hanc formidinem Brutus omnes, qui uUa re vel manu fa<5ti affines vel 

&: Cailius paucis interjeais diebus urbe ex- confilii fuerant confortes, vindicavit. Por- 

ceflere. Quibus autem rebus inde geftis, ro inter JTumana figna mirandum iraprimis 

quibufque preffi calamitatibus occubuerunt, quod Caffio accidit. Hic viftus in Philippis 

in Bruti hiftoria fumus perfecuti. femetipfe interemit codem pugione quo vi- 

Obiit Ciefar annos natus non plus fex 8c olaverat Csfarem. Ex coeleftibus, grandis 

quinquaginta. Pompeio fuperftes fuit non cometa, qui poft Ciefaris necem exunie ful- 

multo annis quatuor amplius. Qiiod vero gens feptem noftes apparuit, inde fubduc- 

omni vita in?perium 6c dominationem per tus eft; 8c jubaris folis obcsecatio. Nam 

tanta pericula perfecutus a;gre confecit, ex anno toto illo orbis ejus pallidus fine ful- 

hoc nihil nifi nominis invidiofae apud cives gore emerfit, debilemque & tenuc:-!i demi- 

glorise fruftum cepit. At magnus ejus ille fit calorem. Ttaque nubilus aer t-c gravis 

Genius, quo eft in vita ufus, mortuum quo- extitit ob imbecillitatem eum tenuantis te- 

que comitatus necis eius ultrix, atquc omni poris. Unde fruftus crudi immaturique e- 

terra marique perfequutus cft, 8c inveftiga- languerunt ob cali rigorem & flaccidi e- 

va- 



174 K A 1 S A P. 

X^^^^TCL tS ckAiX^v]^^. fxcLTKi^ci Q 70 Bf aT&) '^of^{)ov (pci(rfxct Tm Koti- 
(jcLej^ \^Yil\mi)) a-(pa.yi]V »' 'j^of^luj Qioig ot^gj-Jii'. nv q Toiov(Pi' fxiX7\(tiV 
Tov 7^Tov o^ 'A^uc^bf $'i,ci&\.^cL'C(:iV eig tyiv ki^v mei^v, dvinouuiTo vvk- 
Tog-, UKrni^ eiOd^a, v^ (tkIwy^Vj « )tctO<^'(^6)V, cLkKol (ppjvH^oav fzjfet th fj.iA~ 
hovl^. 'Mryt) y^ «t(^ oivYi^ m^a (S^n 7^ ^^^TYry&v .y'7ri/&)'J^«? '^sJ;^, xcm 
7rA«5-ov gcw^TW ^^^^''voj' \yeY\yo^Ti x^^ "^iipvKGog. "^o^pa ^i t<i/(^ cMc9-g- 

<^ (^ TY\V 3-U^I/ gcToJg, )^ -n^g TO tS hVXVi^ <^^? ««^« X.OLTCt<pl^lB^ii 

CTM^^ctiBp^^i o-^/iV eih (po^i^v dv^^g cAt^pvKa to fjLiyeS-^^, -^ X<^^^- 

7ra TO «C^©-'. CACTTKayeU i) ro TT^OOTOVj Cdg lOd^ fJLYlTi TT^TJovloi Th fJLYiTi 

^^ifyo[Mpov-, ci7\7\cji ig-moL (r^yn (^^ ty\V kTkIvIw, t^s^^tol 09ig kfLV. X?7o;t£i- 

vQ i^' ajuTw To <pcL(rfjLOL, O (Tog &) B^QTi (^oufjLCidv myJg' o\]/m J^g ^? <t?fe« 

'<^i7\m7nig. TOTi fnp >iV B^aT©^ Sj^a^(r Sigj ^' O^^ofjLcu, «tt^i/* ;t, to S)u(jlo~ 

viov dj^vg cjKTtoSodV cLiTMi. TU Q i)cviifS{JCt) X^^^ ^^^ "^^^ ^iKiTi^Triig oivli- 

TOLX^^^ 'AvJoovict) iij KotfVflte/t, TW f^ TT^OdTV} fJLoixY} X-^TYKTOLg TO KOL^' \oLU' 
TOV 'iTek^^OLTO J^ hi^Y\XOL(TiV, TTO^Sc^V TO KjtiVot^©-' <^^TQ7riS'0V' TY\V Q i^Sj- 
Ti^OLV OUUT^ f-Lcixi^ f/,i7\hOv]l CpolTO, TO OLVTO (poi^TfJLOL "^ VVx]og OLvS-ig, ii^ 

ft)Vg Ti 7r^(rei7reiV, oi7\KoL (riweig B^»t(^ to 7re7r^odf^ov, gppi^l/g (pi^m 
iouuTov eig tov mv^ujuov. a fJLYW i7ri(TiV ciyodVi^oi^)(^, oi7\7\oi '^ T^7tY\g yg- 
vofj^Y\g, dvoLCpvymv 7r^g n >t^Y\fjLVu>hg, y^ tu ^i(pet yvfjLVOd 7r^(r^oL7\m to 
^t^vov, cLfJLOL v^ (pi7\ii Tivog, o)g (poL(nv, (Mij>f)(^(roLi^^ 7r7\Y)yy\v, oim&oLVgv. 

vafere. Praicipue vero oblatum Bruto fpec- Refpondit ei fpe6trum, Tuus Brute maUisge- 

trum Caefaris cacdem denunciavit non fuifle nius: in Pliilippis me videbis. Tunc forti 

Diis cordi. Id fuit hujufcemodi : Tranfpor- animo Brutus, Videbo, inquit. Mox genius 

taturus ex Abydo in oppofitam continentem ille ex oculis abiit. Poftmodo, quum in Phi- 

exercltum, quiefcebat no61:e, ut aflueverat, lippis infeflrum exercitum contra Antoniura 

in tabernaculo , infomnis adhuc, ut de belli & Cfefarem haberet, prima acie vi£bor oppo- 

cvemu folicitus : fiquidem vir hic inter om- fitum fibi cornu profligavit, atque inftans ef- 

nes imperatores perhibetur minime fomno in- fufis, cafl:ra Caefaris diripuit. Altera inllante 

'dulfifle, naturaque fuifl!e vigilantiflimus. Is pugna idem fe ei noftu obtulit fpe<S:rum,ne- 

ftrepitum fentire ad fores imaginatus efl:. In- que efl: eum alloquutum : verum intelligens 

tentis autem ad lucerna; lumen jam emarcef- Brutus fatum, in periculum demifit fe. Nop 

centisoculis, fpeciem vidit horribilem viri im- cecidit tamen in proelio: fed pulfis fuis refu- 

mani magnitudine diroque afpeftu. Percul- git ad rupem quandara, admotoque pe^tofi 

fus primum, ubi nihil intentantcm confpexit, fl:ri£to gladio, fimulque amico quodam, ut 

neque vocem mittentem, tantum cubili fuo fama eft, iitum adjuvante, exanimatus eft. 
tacitum affiftentem: rogavit quifnam eflTet. 



<t)fi;Ki- 




,/^iui£^ J!^/fZ^.' /^?yi/o 



(f.f-^ifiu^- ,/tmtf^^ 




cj) O K I O N. 

^^HiuLoi^Yig j>Yira>^i l^vav ^ ov Tcug 'A^lwcug hd ro w^og 
;;^cte*>' vvo7\irSjiSrcu yicfinS^ovodv -^ ' AvliTrciT^iij ttoKAcI q 
'/^(peiv K, hiym civaifml^o^(^ fu^ to d^iodfjLci t' Tro- 
Ag&)? ■Kj ro «Q©^, i?\iyi (Tvfyvd fJLY]g ot^i©-' ^vau-, itoXirSjo- 
fjap@-' TCL vcwcLyicL r' 7roAg&)?. r^ro 3 « >^ tzm j^yiillglti 3-^- 
(rvTi^v «fiT)? cf^a^f^gi/ cti' oL7\y]3-ic dvcu, fjLsnvix^^^ <^ '^W'' 4>&);tj(i)i/(^ tto- 
hmioLV' AniJLci(^Y]g fjS^ y) avrog yiv vouDciyiov r' TioTKiC^g^ iircog oicnT^yodg 
^ic^'(rag >t, %o7\iTA)(TcLi^(^-, uxm ' AvHTrar^ov eiTreiv i7r avrQ yi^ov](^ 
«J^ yiyovor(^, on KOLS-oim^ k^ein (^iOL7ri7r^fp{Jiiyyh.o^oj-oL jt, koiTkIol fjLo- 

VOV ^^7\27\ei7^' TY\V Q ^Od>iiOdV(^ CL^iTY\V-, toVTTS^ CLvioLyOdVi^n fioL^ei >^ jSl- 
OLWy }iCU^(^ (FV7\7\OLX^(rOLy j CLi TVX^ r' 'EAActc)^©-' CLfJLOUUP^V V^ CLKa.fJL7rn 

TT^og (^d^av iTToin^roLV. b yoi^ 2o(:po;tA« yi 7r^o(riK}iov oi^ivri TroiQvlt ryiv 
dpTm cM olg (pmv, 

'Aaa' 



Demades orator quia ad Macedonum & 
Antipatvi nutum rempub. gerebat, Athenis 
pluTimum pollens, quum multas leges roga- 
re mulfaque dicere cogeretur pr^eter civitatis 



pub. adminiftravit, ut de illo diceret Anti- 
pater jam fene, ex eo ficut hoftia immolata 
linguam modo 8c ventrem fuperefle. AtPho- 
cionis virtutem, qu£E gravem adverfariam e- 



dignitatem 8c morem, ignofcendum dicebat rat 8c violentam temporum ficvitiam fortita, 

/ fibi eflc, quod naufragia civitatis gubernaret. fortuna GrjEcix languidam fic obfcuram red- 

Fuit hoc diftum arrogantius, traduftum ta- didit ad gloriam. Neque enim audiendus 

men ad Phocionis in repub. aftiones verum Sophocles cft, qui imbecillem virtutem facit 

dicas. Qiiippe erat ipfe naufragium reipub. bifce carrainibus, 
Demades, qui ita libidinofe 8c vixit Sc rem- 



i7<5 * A K I A N. 

Na? Toi'? xa>c6)? 7r£9«$cto-tf, ctAA* cJ^i^aT). 
toctQtov q 7^ Ty;^« <^oTiov civ\iTAT\oiB{jv} "K^i; THg oiycL^Hi; oiv^^q I^vhv, 
o(Tov civTi -^ cl^ioLg TifJLY\g "^ xcLejLT^^ cyvioig "^oyag novYi^^ig Kj i'ia.^o7\<ig 
cJ^(pi^ii(rciv, tIuj Tfig-iv d^ivsg-i^v ttoihv t? d^iTtlg. 

KcuTOt S^oz^^nv ol irifJLOi (j(,d7\7\.ov «V raV otyctOaV c^t;^e/^«f, oroti/ cPo- 
x&Jo-fi/ <5L»V'j;;^«i' tlzro TT^yiJLciTOdv [Xiycixodv j^ i^iwclfJLiOiig iTTcu^oppok' (rvfji- 
^cuvm TiivuvJiov. det y:» cu (rvf/,(po^cu ttm^ [Bp rot Y)^n ^ fJLiK^oXvTrct 
"^ d}c^(r0oLM TT^og o^ydg TToiQcrtv, iva-Ko7\ov q tIw d>i0YiV y^ t^x^olv, 
•UtTO TToLvlog Xoyii K^ pnju.aT©-' tovov tx^^^ cjvox^^^f^^- o i'' (Miti^ 
Tolg oJXf^iJLoL^TOLVof^joig, St,ovetii^eiV ra iv^TTvx^l^cc^cL iomj k^ koltolCP^- 
vav 7roLJ)j)n(noLljif^(^. )^ KoLS-dTrs^ to fjLiAi TwTvii ta TST^odijS^oL )^ Yi7\m- 
f^oL fjLi^Y) T^ (TOdfjLOLTi^, iiTOdg no7^d)iig ol d7\Y}^ivo] Kj vSv i^ovlig 7KOyoL 
idxv^G-i j^ 7foL^'^uvii(ri r«V KOLmg Tf^TiovJoLgi kdv fJLn Tt^^rhuuiig uktiv Kj 
(ruju^y.ov\ig. odGiu^ dfxih^ to niv-, f^oeiKsg o TTomng KiK7\nKiv-> odg tu nio- 

IjSpO) -^ -^VX^^ VTteiKOV, K^ fJLn fJ,OLX0f^0V fZni' dvjlTVTrSv. J^ ^ OfXfJLOL 

(pXsyfjLcuvov, nii^oL Tolg (TKH^lg k^ dKoLfjLm^nv cviioLTei^^a x^^M-oLf^h Td q 
cLuynv ix^^vJa k^ (podg ^^g-fgcpg^- y^ TToXig cv tvx^^? d<oH7\nTQig '^oij^jn, 
•^/'o^JoAW Kj T^v<pi^ov gg-t ii d^imav dvix^^ Trctppntr/ot?, oVs fJLd7\i<^(f, 

i^HTOU, Vy 'K^yfLdTObV dvOL(pO^V dfJLOL^TnfJLOLT©^ iiK g^i^OJ/^fflJ/. ilO Tfdvly} 

(r(poL7\i§ov Yi ToiouuTn 7ro7^.iTeioL. (TiwoL7To7\7\v(n y) tov Tr^og X'^^^ 7\.iyov~ 

TOL, 

re loquitur. Atque ut corporis mel vul- 
Ne^ue enim iStus infortunio compos manct ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ -^^ frequenter vera & 

Mmtis: licet ante fapuertt vel maxime. ^^^j^^^ ^^^^^^^ „;,- j^j^i^ ^^ ^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^_ 

Tantatn vero infeftje bonis viris attribuas vim det ac ftimulat affli6tos: quamobrem dulcia 

fortun^, quatenus pro merito honore & gra- poeta animo obfecundantia (ita enirri vox 

tia infamiam nonnullis 8c probra referens, fi- Grjeca velle videtur) vocavit, qute quafi ani- 

dei aliquantum deroget virtuti. rao cedunt, nec repugnant vel renituntur tu- 

Et quidem putantur infolefcere magis in menti. Nam ut ocuio inflammato opacusSc 

bonos populi,quum laetas res fuas exiftimant, fufcus gratiflimus color eft, fplendidus vero 

rebus magnis & potentia cxultantes. Verum & lucidus afperat eum : haud fecus rcbus 

diverfum accidit: fiquidem infortunia amaros obruta civitas parum profperis timet refugit- 

mores irritabilefque 8c pnrcipires reddunt in que ob imbecillitatem, quum maxime opus 

iram: ad hjEC aures difficiles atque morofas, habeat, rebus eo prolapfis ut excitari nequeat 

qnse quovis difto & verbo acri exacerbentur. ab ofFenfa, veritatem audire. Quapropter ver- 

Quippe peccantes qui caftigat, exprobrare fatur prorfus in lubrico tahs reipub. admini- 

videtur calamitates : 8c defpicere, qui libe- ftratio : quippe una fecum bkndientem auri- 

bus 



$ n K I n N. 177 

fJLOLTiKo) Agy»<rtJ/, fJLYlTi tIuJ CWtIw t} ii^VCd (pi^f^QV (pO^J, fXY\Ti OtV- 

TiKm cMAvliciv liij cLv]i^oLTi>tlwi ctAAot Ao|J Kj 7rci§ifuKhi(£{jcd 7ro^^ci<; yj\~ 

ndLTl %^&fjU$^OV, vy^V ^^ <^y.Ctfl7Fr] Jij (^SCA.i7\lT\ofB{jlw 'iXlKCL 7roi«I/, M (76)'- 

^e^ TToivlct »9 'KdfJL^cLvei t!w deJi^lu) K^cL(riv' bV&)? ol'^ -^ TToKiTeicig 6 ^ 

O^Si©-* Cty^l' ^ ^^'^ CLTTCLvloL Tolg (hfJLOG-ioig CLy]l^CUVCidV TOVf^, cLTrlwYig Kj 

(TkTky]^?' axTTti^ OLU 7:cLhv clm(T<pcO\ig ^9 KcLTavl&g^ to (rtwi^piXKofjQpov ToHg 
oifJLa^TOLVii(riVy & 7ro?\ho\ k^ (rujui7rij)jii7rii(riv. « 3 0Lv^v7:eiKii(T0L ^ret^ofjSfoig ytj 

^l(^Q(TOL TO 7t^g X^^^i "'^' 0L7rctiTQ(T0L TO (TVfJL<pi^OV Sh<^Oi(TiaL V^ KV^kg- 

n^ig otvO^WTrft)!' TroKhoi 7r^cici)g j^ ;^^«a-f'(Ct&)? yVy^yavliyi/, « |W,ji ttolvIol h~ 
azroTiK^g ^ |3tcMW? ayoivlo, (r&)r>ie/(^, %y&(JV? o j^ ;^otAg7r>i, /^ to o-g^w,- 
Koi/ g;)^»o-ot 75^ oJheiKei S^ixTfXiKiov' Idv q f^iX^n, tQti) hiv « 7rotfl&)i/ |:;i5Ju pi;9- 

Jtj^tT, 7rOL(T£v oi^fjLOVlCdV hfjLfjLiM<TOLTYl /^ fA,iiCriK0dTOLTn K^(Tig. M )^ TOI/ XoV- 

jLtov 0goV Agyg^) cTloweii/, ii (iicL[pi^(B^, ol7\?\ol 7r«3-o< )^ Aoy^ c^^yodv 

TVV dvcLfKlw. 

TOUJTOL Kj KoLTCdVl T^ vioo (TUJUi^Y). Kj yJ ^T^ ii 7ri^OLV0V i<^iV «J^g 
7lOQT(p\,7\ig O^AW T.O Y]^(^-> >iSk YjV^YKTiV Of TM 7rO?\lTeiCL Tt^og X<^^^' ^tAA' 

jw9/) Km^cdV (pY\(T]v cwTov, Cd(T7ti^ QV TM ITAotTtof^^ 7ro?\iTeicf., j^ a;c dv 

TW 'P&)^UA.» 7ro?<.lT^Of^OV VmTOL^fJUn, T" VTTOLTeiag QM7Ti(Tiiv. IfJLo) Q TOUJ- 

To S^oKH 7roL^eiv Tolg fjLYJ KOL^' i^^jv c/K(pcLvii<Tt m§7rolg. Odg y) oHeivag nS^iodg 

Q^OOV- 

bus perdit, 8c ingrata loquentem perdit ante. falutaris quidem eft, verum ardua, eara qujc 

Ut igitur prsedicant folem mathematici none- aegre cum lenitate temperatur retinens gravi- 

odemac coelummotu volvi,ncqueprorfus ad- tatem. Qu^e cum hac fi temperata fuerit, 

verfotamen&oppofitOjfed obliquamatquele- ea demum modulorum fit omnium & con- 

viter inflexam curfus formam tenendo, lentum, centuum maxime concinna 8c dele<5tabilis 

flexibilem, 8c fequacem efficere anfra£tum, temperatura, qua mundum quoque perhi- 

quo univerfitas conftat, atque optimam ac- benc Deum regere, non violentia, fed lc- 

cipit temperaturam : in repub. item nimium pore Sc ratione inducendo leniens neccllica- 

direftus, Sc per omnia populi voluntati re- tem. 

luftans, ingratus eft tenor & rigidusrut con- Hxc Catonl minori ufu venere: neque e- 

tra lubricus 6c proclivis qui peccantcs fequi- nim blandis hic vel gratis plcbi moribus 

tur, quum eo videat inclinare populum. Illa pra;ditus fuit, neque floruit in rcpub. obfe- 

vero qu£e parentibus viciflim concedit indul- quiis: fed ait eum Cicero quafi in repiib.Pla- 

getque, indeque exigit quod fruftiferum eft, tonis, non in Romuli fa^ce ageret, confula- 

adminiftratio 6c moderatio hominum in mul- tus repulfam tulifle. Mihi vero videtur idem 

tis modefte atque utiliter, nifi ubique impe- illi quod fruftibus accidifle intempeftive pro- 

riofe 8c violenter agantur, obtemperantium, venientibus. Ut enim hos contemplamur li- 

Vo L. IV. Z ben- 



178 



* A K I A N. 



vm Tro^KKm Sh4l^oiJ^Yi ^ioig (^ii(pSo§o(ri i^ novY\qoiq iS-i(rh ^o^av ^ 
Hx^v fJLiydKhjo K, xAg©^, b;t , cv^fjLocTi 'j Tcug ;tf «om?, <hdi (icL^(^ kcu 
fjLiyi^^ T' d^^Trig d(ri)^fJLiT^ov Tolg x.0L^i<T(^(n. Kcu^olg. kcu ^ cwTog » x€- 
KAif^ng fjSfj ii^Y) -^ 7rGLTeJ.<^^j coG-Tn^ ^cdKictiV, mlKWj X^V^^ ^^ 

(Tci.7\0V SX^^y^^y OiTOV WictiV KCU KOLT^OdV cBlT^CL^^i^, KCU (Z^<fIwcU Tolg TTXioV 

^iwcziJ^poig noKiTdj(Tcii^(^-, o]oLKCt)V q kou Kv^s^vUicag ctTFCd^eig, o^cdg 
fjLiyctv dycdVcjL tm rJ;^M fc^k^^Y^TiV. «As \B:^ y^ kcu KciTi?\cLQ& tIw TToAiTei' 
CLV <^i aAAa^, iuLo?\ig o kcu ^^Hcdg, kcu X^^^^ iroT^Kw kcu a^ ^w^oV 

ihh^dCJLV ^-^S^ <^<0t KctT6)fOC K^ TYiV KaT6)l/(^ Ct^iTlw' M CC^^cLXhOl^ 

tIw 4>6)Xi(Wi'©^, » K^ KOivdg ojLtoioTnTctgj (i>g dya^c^v kou ttoKitikSv ctv- 
^^m. 'ig-i ^ OLfjLihei kcu dvS^^^ag J^iotcpo^ Tr^og dv^S^eioLV, wV ^ 'KTxki^i- 
dS'6 Tveog tIuj 'ETroLiJLetvci^vJ^ii' kou (p^oVYio-iCog ir^og (p^0VY\criV, 6)V "^ SifMi^^o- 
KTKing TT^og tIw 'Ae/ff/cf^a* kcu <^iKouo(rvvy]g Tr^og S^iKoucxrtwlw, cog -^ No- 
juct TT^og tIw ' AyncTihdii. T^TOiv '^ dvS^m cu d^&Tcu, yJiX^ "^ ts- 

7\SoTOLioiV KOLl dTOfJLOiV (^lOLCpO^m, iVOL X^&''^^^ ^^'' fJLO^Cph KOLi X^^f^^ 

Koivov riS-ag lyKiK^oLfj^ov cMCpi^acriv, (dcmie, «Vw fATe^cd fJLifJLiy}^'^ Tr^og 

TO OUJ9Y\^0V T» (piAotfO^wVfcf, KUi TT^Og TO d<T(pOL7\ig tQ dvS^^HH, KOLl TYig 
VTtI^ dTOKOiV fJLiV KY]hfJLOvioLg , VTTi^ OUJ'P^ d(p0^ioLg, KOLl 7r§0g fJLiV TO 

eiW^ov djhoL^cCioLg, TT^og q to ^iKcuov djTovioLg crvuuYi^fjLocrfJLmg ofjLoicdg' wiXTg 

AgTT-, 



Ijenter miramurque, nec utimur tamen : ita 
mores antiqui Catonis, in civitate corrupta 
& depravata confuetudine demum exiftentes, 
kudem quidem habuerunt 6c gloriam gran- 
dem, ufui tamen propter pondus 8c faftigium 
virtutis a prazfenti abhorrens feculo non fue- 
runt confentanei. Etenim haud prascipite jam 
patria, ut Phocion, magna tamen tempeftate 
& fluftibus jaftata, vela & rudentes ut trac- 
tare fic affiftere poffet potentioribus, remp. 
gerens: quum a clavo effct &: gubcrnaculo 
fummotus, certamen exhibuit tamen fortu- 
nae durum. Qiiippe fubjugavit illa quidem 
& proftravit rempub. per alios, veruma;gre & 
rarde longoque .fpacio, quum viftoria penes 
rempub. pene fuiftet per Catonem & Cato- 
nis virtutem : cura qua Phocionis conferi- 



mus, non communes illas fecuti fimihtudines, 
ut bonorum. 8c reipub. tradtanda: peritorum 
virorum. Nempe eft 8c fortitudinis cum 
fortitudine difcrimen, ceu ejus quce Alcibia- 
dis fuit, cum illa qux Epaminondse j 8c cum 
prudentia prudenti^,velut Themiftoch's cum 
Ariftidisj juftitiae item cum juftitia, ut Nu- 
m^ cum Agefilai. At horum virorum vir- 
tutes ufque ad extremas 8c individuas diflfe- 
rentias eundem chara6terem, effigiem, colo- 
rem morum communem praeferunt impref- 
fum, quafi temperata pari modo cum aufte- 
ritate humanitate, S^ cum cautione fortitu- 
dine: pro aliis folicitudine, pro femetipfis 
fecuritate : turpitudinis fuga cum firmitate 
in perfequenda juftitia fimihter in utroque 
coaptata. Adeo ut ad difcernendum 8c eru- 
• en- 



* n K I n N. 179 

ASTrla Trdyv T^oya S^et^ > m^cim^ o^yoiva vr^og (^ioLKejtriv m) dv^^i^r^v 
To fjSp h KcLTm(^ (afjLoT^oy)^ «^'(^ ok XctfJLir^^v vTTci^x^^y ^^ ^^X~ 

U(Ti]' 0&);Ci'&U/a TiiifJLCU^IULCU fJLYi TroLvJoLTTCLG-lV dvcU 'jlfJ^g OLTifjLH >9 KOL- 
TOL7fi7fJmOT(^. « ^ tu^i 6)V (pmV 'iS^O^^g, (^OKS^VKOTfOiS TTCiT^g, ^H, 0.1/ 

of t4 "hoycd TKoujKinn©^ o 'Xf^J^a, fxveJ-ct (rvuueiXoxo^g y^ ei^mg mT 
cuJtS mmjTlw ho-^^eiOLV itoL^miv' iiS*' oiv iiTug hx^QiejLn ^i\i y^ o-&)Cp^- 
v(^ vi; TToui^eioLg fx^Ti^iVy mTi t' nActVft)i/(^, Irt fJLH^aiov m yVg^^v i) 
^ EsvoK^Tng ^ioLTeA^^iig cv 'Amh\fj,ici fXiTOL^av, -^ i^ deJi^m <^ d^x^g 

cJhTYii^djfJLCLTOdV ^«AiWTmV 'ffJt^. ^OdniaiVCJL y) aVg yiT^OLCrOLvJoL Tig, aVg KhOLV- 

(ToLvJcL pa<^iit)g 'A^lujouodV dhv, aJ^' cv ^aXoLveiO) (^nfj,o(Tidjovli XnTctfJ^oVy 
ujg Ig-o^rjKi Aae/^j a^2 c^log ix^vJa tLu) x^&^ "^ ^2fe<^oA«?, oVs tvxo^ tts- 
ejL^i^M{jS{j(^. iTici mToi yi tIw x^^^ ^ '^'^'^ ^^Tciag oLvv7ro(^i)T(^ 
(Lei )9 yvfjLVog i^oL^i^iVy « fJLYi '^vx^ v7ii^^cb\7\ov m v^^ ^vcrm^Ti^nTov, 
woTg )tj TTctirovloLg «(^»1 T«V ^e^Tt^oi^^agy (TVfL^oKov fXiydKii Ttom^i x^' 

IK^(^, QJihS^VlB^OV ^mi(i)VOL. 

T(d «5« Tf^dlwi^^CLT^ OdV ■^ (pl7\OLV^^Cd7r(iTOLT(^, )^ Td 7re^(rC07fii 

i\j(r^vfj,^QK(^ i(pcuviTo )^ (rKv^e,(iD7fog' oicrTe fj.r\ jiciS^icdg dv tivol fj.ovov cvlv- 
pj^«j) ouuT^ t'^ d(TUJJY\^oiv- S^io )^ Xd^Y)Tt ^TOTi 7^^^? TOg oCp^vg ouutS 7\iyovli, 
'p^ 'A^huuouav cJinyih(^v\(t>v, Ovt^sv, d^tiv-, ouuty) vfj,dg Mhv^rmBV « op^vg' 
3 TiiT(eiv yiK(t)g 7to70\d iL7\oujcrou tIjuu 7ro7\iv 7ri7roiY]KiV. ofioio^g cTg ^roog 

TH 

cndum quatenus difcrepent, fubtili admodum vidit, neque in balneo publico lavantem, ut 

opus fit tanquam inftrumento oratione. tradit Duris; neque extra pallium, cum a- 

Ac Catonis quidem in confeflb eft clarum miftus eflet, manum ejus exertam. Nam pe- 

genus, ut poft dicetur, fuifle : Phocionem regre quidem atque in bello fine calceis fem- 

vero auguramus loci fuifle non omnino ob- per nudufque incedebat, nifi gelu immodi- 

fcuri & abjefti. Neque enim, fi fuifl^et ei (ut cum efl"et & intolerabile : ut milites per jo- 

Idomeneus autumat) pater artifex cochleari- cum pro gravis brumiE nota haberent, ubi ef- 

us, qui fexccnta coUegit & objecit ei convi- fct veftibus Phocion opertus. 

tia, generis novitatem Glaucippus Hyperidis Quamvis autem moribus eflet manfuctifli- 

filius praetermififlet : neque mores adeo hbe- mis facillimifque, vultum tamen morofum & 

rales Sc honeftos vel inftitutionem fortitus ef- tetricum reprcefcntabat : unde nemo facile euni 

fet: qUi Platonis admodum adolefcens, &: poft alicnior convenit folus. Itaque quum Chares 

Xenocratis fuit in Academia auditor, ftudio- ahquando fupercilia ejus pcrftringcrec, arride- 

rumque a prima state feftator optimorum. retque populus Athenienfis : Nihil hoc vobis, 

Siquidem neque ridentem neque plorantem inquit, moeroris intuHt fupercilium :at horum 

quifquam Athenienfium temere Phocionem rifus multas civitati lacrymas invcxit.Perinde 

Z 2, oratio 



i8o * n K I n N. 

TY^tf-^^ Tc^dTOLvlivhx) livoL ^ cwWyi^v Y^ civn<^v9ov g;:^6)v (2ȣ^;:^iiAoy/ai/. ceg 
^ Zn'v6)i/ gAe-^ oTi (^ei Tov Cpi?^oo-o(pov «V J/i?i/ '^<^oi7f]ov]ci 7r£^Cp?f g^ 
t/«) Ae^ti/, iVto^ 06)«.t'a)i/(^ Aoy(^ TrXeis^ov hv ihoLXi?^ As5« i/yi/ J;^si/. ;^ 
•^^<; tSto ioiuv ctmi^ddV ScpnVli©^ IIo7\vSjk1(^ «Treii/, bVi pyjTaof [J^ ol^i- 
<f(^ m AYifJLo^mg-, elmiv q (^eivoTdT©^ 6 <i>m(m. cog y) n tQ vofjiia-^oL^ 
T©^ d^icL T^Aeis^lw h ofiiCt» (h^x^'^^'^^ ^iwcLfxiv Ix^^ ^'^^ 7\oy\i Seivorng- 
i^om 7toK7\cl (TnfMcuveiv cltt' oAiyodV. v^ ^jtoi ^ cwtov vroTi tov <^mimoL 
(pcKTi Trhn^afj^ii tQ B-iclt^h (^.TrcLTeiv \3zot (TkIjuuIw^ cujtov ovIol Tr^g 

kcWT^ tLuU ^lOLVOiaV €<7rov](^ (^i TiV(^ T^O" (piACdV, (TKiTfJoySlJCd <t>mi(tiV toi- 

aag' vcu (xd tov Aict, cpcLvou-, (TKiiflQfjLcu ei t* S^wuafJLou tQ hoya ci(pi?\m 
ov (jLiKhoi 7\iyetv 7r^<; 'A^lwcuag. 6 q Anfxo^mg Vfi" (jSp (xK7\m KOLTi(pPQ- 
m 7ro7\v pwTo'^&)i/, cLVi^oL(^ii <t>mim(^y eidd^et 7\iyetv oLT§i,uoL 7r^g t^V 
CpiT^ag, « T^ g|u5jr Koym KOT^ig 7roL^i^iv. otAAot t^to i^ 1V&)? 7r^g to ri^og- 

civOi<^iOV' ItTH llj jiYlfJLCL J^ ViVfJLOL fJLOVOV clvS^^og CtycL^S fJLVeJ-Oig QM^VfJUflfJLOL(Ti vL 

(S^Q^oig dvTiy^oT^QV g%« Tr/fii/. 

N€(S^ ^v Xafe'a Tr^crifjLi^iV kouuTov lu (^^TYiycd, -^ TroL^eiTTiTOy 7ro?\~ 
AoL fj8{j elg IfjLTfeteJicLV i^ TTohifjLimv (^(psXii(^(^' 'i<^i ^ cm; oig k^roLVo^^ii^ 
fjSp^^ Thjij c/Keiva (pv(Tiv, dv(^fiOL?.QV ii(roLV Kj aK^Tov. vod^^og y^ cdv o Xol-^ 
CejLOLg Kj i^udKivY^T^ d?7\(t)gj CM» cwTolg Tolg dyoidiv cil^yoL ii^ S^httv^^to tt^ 

oratio quoqiie fuit Phocionis utilibus fenten- Sane vero, inquit, meditor, an qtiid de oratio- 

tiis & confiliis {alubris, conjunfta cum im- ne, quem habitwus ad populum Athenieniira 

periofa auftera 8c trifti brevitate. Quippe, fum, queam refecarc. Demofthenes magno- 

ut Zeno ait, mente tinftum proferre Philo- pere contemnebat csteros oratores : at quum 

fophum fermonem debere, pari modo habuit ad dicendum Phocion furgeret , folebat ad 

Phocionis oratio plurimum in concifa dic- araicos dicere fummilTe, Orationum mearum 

tione fententise j quo apparet Sphettium Po- fecuris adeft. Caeterum hoc fit fortaffis ad 

Iyeu£tum refpexiffe, quum diceret oratorem mores ejus referendum : quando viri boni vel 

cfle Demofthenem optimura, fed in dicendo verbum vel nutus folus mille inftarfit fenten- 

acutifllmum Phocionem.Quo modo enim ha- tiarum & ambituum verborum. 

bet monetas «ftimatio exigua in mole maxi- Porro adolefcens fub duce meruit Cha-!- 

mum valorem, ftc hujus orationis vim cen- bria , eumque eft afleftatus , a qao fuit in 

febat verbis paucis multa fignificare. Et vero fcientia mihtai-i inftitutus egregie. Nonni- 

ipfum etiam feruntPhocionemaliquandocom- hil viciffim illius ingenium correxit varium 11 

pleto theatro fub fcena inambulafle cogrta- 6c intemperatum. Nam quum fegnis ahas ' 

bundum. Ubi quum amicus quidam diceret Chabrias 8c tardus efiet, ipfis in certamini^ 

ci, Videris aliquid Phocion tecum meditari, bus ghfcebat Sc exardefcebat animo, at- 



* A K I n N. i8i 

mT^p^^i Tov (hiov cv Xi(t), 7r§cdT(^ eicrihoL(rcig tm TeAn^et, k^ ^icL^ofXi- 
v(^ TT^g tIw )>7io^(jL(TiV. d(T(pciXYig »v dfJLcJL y^ cT^^-fie^©^ ^mm (pciLvo- 

fj^(^, tIw Tl (JLi7<hY\(TiV dvi^i^fJLGUVi tQ Xct'^eJ'^, K^ 7rd7\lV d^pYl^d tIw 

dKou^v o^vTnTct -^ o^fM)g. oS-iV ^'^«V ^v o Xa^g/'a^;^ X^^'^^^ riydTra^ 
nes^^j^ iWTov cJ^ TT^^^eig k, nyifxovioLg, yvodeAfJLov ttomv Tolg ''EAAwa-ii/, 
Kj Td 7r?^ei<Fi)g d^iOL aTJaS^ig oMeiVOd x^^A^^- ^^^ "^ ^^ Nctjoi/ vcujfj.ct- 
"^ixg ovofJLcf. %! (^o^av a (jlik^v ^odKiodVi fZ^iTroiYKTiV. ra y^ t3jcdvvfj,ii Ki^oiig 

dTtii^OHKiV CWTcS tIw Y^yifJLOvioLV, KCL^' K^ TJlV fJLdx^ O^eiOLV eix^v dyodv, 

K, Kejicriv i7foin(Tif TOLX^ciV. 7te,(^Tlw ^v meivlw vauufJLdLX^cLV vj 7to7\ig ouuty) 

h' DUJTY]g dyOt>Vl(TCLlB{JY\ Toig "EAAnO-i f^ TyIv d?\.Od(TiV, K^ KOLTOLTVxS(^Ct, TOV 

Ti XoL^oeACLV vZi^Y\yd7rY](TiV, Kj tQ <^(fy/.ioi)v(^, odg dv^ejg YiyifJLovia^, Aoyov 
i^iv. cviKOdV Q jULiydhoig /jLvg-YiejLoig' K^ TtcK^eiX^v ohoxoniLicL Xa^ejiocg 'A0«- 
vouoig j:ctO' "iKci<^ov b^icwTov tm %kty) ofM SUol tQ BoYiS^^fjLiav^^. 

''Ek TaV» 7\iyiTcu, 7ri{jL7:ov\(^ clvtov cJm Tdg vn^TicoT^Kdg (TiwJd^etg t^ 

XOL^eJi^, yoU VOLVg eiKO(Tl <^tJ^o'vl©-', HTteiv, ei l^ &)V 7T0XilXY\(T0iV 7tilJL7r0lT0, 

fjLei[^ov(^ Seiv S^wudfJLiCdg, el q wV TT^og (TVfifjLdx^gj d^mv vavv fJLiav' Koi 

7rXSj(TOLv]oL TM UVtQ TejLn^et, KoJi iiUL^Ki^X^^ivlcL TOUg 7t0Ki(Tl, KOU (Tvf^jlfJtifjSpO'/ 

Toig tt.'^;^a(7<v cJmeiKOdg koli dcpiXodg, KOLTOL7r7\iV(Tcu fA^ 7ro7<hSv Vicdv, dg 
d7rhei7\0LV ol (TvfifioLXot Td xS^f^ciTci Tolg 'A^lwcuoig KOfitQi^TOLg. a fiovov 

Q ^Odvloi TOV XoL^c-eJLOLV ^i^JIT^diV i^HTi^Kei KCU Tlfjij^ff, dhT^d KOU T2A<^Tj(- 

CTCLV' 

que cum ferociffimis proruebat prxcipitanti- vi6lrixque Chabriam mirifice complexa eft, 

us: quo mcdo fane in Chio quoque vitarjl &;Phocionem ut virum seftimavir imperio di- 

projccit, quum triremi fua ante cjeteros pro- gnum. Parta viftoria efl: magnis mylleriis: 

veftus defcenfionem urgeret. At Phocion cujus caufa decimo fexto die menfis Boedro- 

juxta cautum & impigrum prxbens fe, qua mionis dabat populo Athenienfi quotannis 

cunftationem excicabat Chabrise, qua contra Chabrias vini dimenfum. 

calorem impetus intempeftivum detrahebar. Hinc fertur, quum mitteretur a Chabri;i 

Unde candidus & probus Chabrias dilexic e- ad tributum ab infuUs exigendum ac naves 

um, ad negotiaque & imperia provexit, cele- viginti acciperet^dixiffe, Si ud bellum geren- 

brem inde eum reddens apud Grscos, ejuf- dum mitteretur, majore clafie opusefle: fin- 

que arduis in rebus ufus eil opera, atque ex vero ut ad focios, fufficere navem unam. Ita- 

pugna navali apud Naxum infigne nomen 5c que fua navi profeftum, alloquutumque civi- 

gloriam Phocioni concihavit. Nam permi- tates, & congreffium cum magiftratibus hu- 

fit ei laevum cornu, in quo acre certamen maniter & aperte, decurrifle cumfrequentibus 

prcelium habuit, 6c cito decrevit. Prima illa navibus,quas focii Athenienfibus cum ftipen- 

navali pugna civitas Athenienfis per fe fola, dio mifere. Non autem vivum modo conftan- 

poftquam capta fuit, conflixit cum Grarcis, ter oblervavit 6c coluit Chabriamj verum eti- 

anj 



i82 cfj n K I n N. 

i^oiiAiTo f£{j oLvi'^ TroiiiV cLyaUVi ejLLTrMKlov o o^av Kj oivcLyodyoVj ofJLm 
iiK ctTrHTriV i7rctvo^^iitJ^(^ i^ )><miie,v7T\m Tci ou^y). Trxlw olttol^ ^^VO» 

TtOL^lVQX^^vl^^ bt <^^T^OL TiVi tQ VeOLVl(TKiij >^ KOTtJovIQ^ OUUTOV S^OdT^/ULOLClV 

oiKou^ig Kj G-vfjL^oiihmg, oiov sTroLVo^^afj^a k^ a^^<^^TY\y^v\(^ etTreiv, "O, 

XoL^eJLOL, XOL^^eJ-OLy (JLiycihlw yi (TOl ypLeP CMliVO) -^ (pl^.ioLg, \:mfjS{JOi>V 0"« 

Tov Lfoj'. o^odv raV tol aoivoi TT^oyovJoLg ToVg> (S^in^nfj^ag ucan^ )hn kM- 
^Q To 9^Triyiov Kj To (^yiiuLOLi K^ T^g fuoy; hiyovloLg cv tw J^rsjLKa i^ y^' 
(povJoLg fJLovov' d)V EvCii7\(B^ Iw ^ ' KeA^^oCpSiVj )^ A»|ttO(d"gf«?, Jt^ AvKQ^y(^, 
;^ 'X^s^S^m' Ato7r«fi« o jc, MmSrioL, ylj Aiod^m, kcu Xoi^yiTct t^ f^T»- 
yiiv Kou 7r^(r7roMfjLeiV OLv^ovlctg koujTiig' s^^iiAiTo tIw HieAKT^iag kcu AejL- 
^eiS^i KDU 'Eo?\.m(^ 7ro?\.iTeioLV, ooazn^ qTkokM^v kou S^iYi^fjLocri^lw cv dju.- 
cpoiv oivoLKoL^eiv Kj ^hnn^Svou. kou ^ t^ dvS^e^&v bmvm %kol<^(^ kcpouviTn 

xj Tov ' Ae^xi^^X'^^^ 

'AfJL<poTi^Vj B-i^7rm fjSp '£vvoL?^ioio Qiohi 

KCU lLLii<TiOdV l^Tciv J^Ode^V cMl<FOif^(^. 
KOLl tIuJ QiOV iOO^ TTOMfjLiKlw Ti CLfJLOL Ka\ TTOT^iTiKlw «(TOtV, KOLl 7r§0(TCi'> 

yo^djQf^lw. 

OvTOd Q (TtWTOL^ag loUJTOV, l^ro^KiTdjiTO fjSp dd TT^g d^huulw KCli Yi(TV' 

XioLV^ ig^^T^y^TiV 7rA«V«^ « fiovov 'P^ kol^' koujTov d7<hd kai t^ 7r^ 
avTa 9^Y\yioLg, a a^fyiX7\Ci>Vj a J^g fjLiTiOdV, dAh aJ^g (pdjyoiv, iiih ^sjya- 

am defunfti propinquorum magnam curam opithem vero, Menefthea, Leofthenem, 5c 

geflit, 8c fihum Ctefippum affeftavit bonum Chareta imperando 6c bello gerendo opes 

virum reddcre : qucm licet vecordem videret qusrere, inftitutum vifiim eft ei Perichs, A- 

& contumacem, non deftitit tamen emenda- riftidis, 8c Solonis, tanquarn integrum atque 

re 8c tegere ejus vitia. Semel tantum dicitur, ex ambobus concinnatum referre & reftitue- 

quum obtunderet ipfum in quodam bello a- re. Namque vifus eft illorum virorum quif- 

dolefcens, fatigaretque importunis quceftioni- que, ut Archilochi verba ufurpem, fuiffe 

bus & confihis, quafi caftigans atque impe- Gradivi junta per atrocia bella minifler, 

ratoris munus eum docere inftituens, dixifle, Dulciaque edoSlus munera Pieridtm. 

O Chabria, Chabria, magnam fane tibi refe- Ac Minervam ipfam bellatricem fimul Sccivi- 

ro amicitiae gratiam, qui filium feram tuum. lium artium peritam efle 6c appellari videbat. 

Quum videret eos qui id temporis rempubli- Quum ita fe comparaflet, feraper quidera 

cam gerebant, partitos quafi forte bellicam 6c procuravit pacem & otium, bella vero gef- 

forenfem adminiftrationem,partim in concio- fit plurima omnium, non fuorum tantum £B- 

nibus dicere 6c rogationes promulgare tan- quaHum, fed & priorumj non prenfans ne« 

tum, ex quibus Eubulus, Ariftophon, De- que ambiens eas provincias, fed neque de« 

mofthenes, Lycurgus, Hyperides erant : Di- fugiens tamen neque declinans, ubi ufus vo- 

cavit 



* n K I n N. 183 

h^^<T%m ^ %o7\i(^<; KoCh^i^rY^g. ofJLohoyiiTai 7) on TTivJi mi Tioyct^Kovlci 
s-^.TyiyioL? gAot^gf, ii^s clttcl^ cL^xai^iTm a^^Tvx^^h d7<h ^K^vJct (jli- 
TciTtefJLnoi&^jm olvtov cIh ^^ ^^^«^orovai^ffli/' utcrTi ^cuufxd^HV t«V «V iv cp^o- 
v^vIdl; tov SifJLov, oTi 7rA«$-A T» ^midiV^B^ cLy\a^iioy\(^ oLVj^y ^ai fj.n^\v 
(iTuovl^ TfcdTroTe fJLYiS^s 7f^^civ]<^ TT^? x^^^^ 0d(r7ri^ d^i^G-i raV (ioL<Ti-' 

A«^ TO|S aoAct^l X?^^ f^ '^^ ^ Z^?^^ ^'^*^?' ^;^?«^0 «^©" T0('? fjSp itOfJL- 

'^oTi^oi? mi ihoL^lg c^ -nca^i.d^; fJ^^et ^nfjctydiyoigj cJm q Tag d^x^^ du 

VYtCpOiV mi Cm^i^d^m TQV CLV<TY\^0TC1LT0V mi (p^OVlfA.0dTCLTOV (yKdhH T^lF TTO- 

7\iTimVy m\ fJLovov h fJLdKhov Tcug ^aAnVgc-ii/ olvtQ m\ o^fjLoLlg dvliTULojo- 
fj^ov. p^fno-^u» fjS^u y^ cAi Ai7v(pciiV dvoLyva^iv}<^, oti t^^ dhhm 'AOh- 
vaioiV ofjLO(p§oviivloAV, eig dv^ hcLvlict (p^ovoiyi tm 7roA«, ircL^ihhodV 04);ct«i/ 

dfJLi7\eiv CMih^CiV, <^g CLVTOg ^V ^YITiipp(^' fJLOVCd ^ 01^73!^ fJiY]^iV d^i- 

(Tmv 'P^ Tr^-floi^m- iTret hiym TroTi yvodfLUv n^og tov S^nfj.ov Sjh)i{- 
|tc«, m^ Tfdvlag ofLcLh(^g s&Jg^ tov hoyov ^^hxof^ag, cBi<F^.(p6ig Tv^og- 
raV (pih>ig ^wiv, a S^yi Tra t) mKov hiym sfLcwTov hihYi^a.-, 

Tl^og Q ^v(Ti(JLV Tivd t^ 'A^UucLim ahiivJm cBi(^o(retg, m\ t^J* dhhm 
cfhhS^ovlm, xAwfifi? TTohhdm, lcpn, THTng ctheiTi T^g Trha^ri-dg' syoo q clI- 
yiLuoifLhuu dv i\ T^T(^ fLY) ^k^S^K^ng, vfJAV c^S^oihuu' hi^ag KoChhiKhioL tov 
^oLveicluu. &)V ^' ii>L sTTOLvovJo xiK^yoTig KCLi KOLTOL^oodvlsg, hoyov iiTTiv av- 
Tolg T^Tov, 'AvYi^ (^eihog cm 7rohifj.ov dgnet, (pQsy^af^c.jv q Ko^mv, Tct 
QTtha ^iig YHTvxaCsy' ^i-Ta dvaha^(av av3-ig cJ^m , m\ (pkFyofjSijm Tvd- 

hiV 

cavit eum reipub. Conftat enim eum qum- fus Phocion liberare fe eos ait folicitudine» 

^ue Sc quadraginta cepifle praeturas, quum Se, quem qu^rerent, efie. Sibi enim eorum 

comitiis ne femel quidem interfuiflet, fed ab- qu^e agerentur uni placere nihil. Qyum aU- 

fens femper eledus & accerfitus efl^et. Itaque quando fententia di6ta in concione celebrare- 

mirabantur infipientes populum, quod quum tur, orationemque fuam pariter videret abom- 

plurimum Phocion in eum incurreret, neque nibus approbari, converfus ad amicos dixit, 

unquam quicquam vel dixifl"et vel egiflet po- Num quid imprudenti mihi excidit mali? 

pularitcr, ficut reges cenfent uti adulatoribus Flagitante congiarium ad facrificium quod- 

debere poft lotas manus, ita uteretur popu- dam populo Athenienfe,aliifque praebentibus, 

lus hic concionatoribus facetioribus Sc blan- identidem appellatus ait, Hofce pofcitc divi- 

dioribus per ludum, ad imperia fobrius fem- tes: me vero puderet, vobis fi largirer, huic 

per & fedulus feverifllmum vocaret ac fapien- nonfolvere.-monftransCalliclemfceneratorem. 

tiflimum civem, eumque folum vel pia: ahis Ubi non cefl^arunt vociferari £c increpare eunri 

qui nutibus 6c libidinibus fuis reluftabatur. probris, hanc narravit eis fabulam. Qiiidam 

Quippe quum efl^et oraculum Delphicum re- ignavus homo parabat ad bellum proficifci. 

citatum, cxteris confentientibus Athenienfi- Crocientibus autem corvis pofuit arma, te- 

bus unum difl^entirc a civitatc civem,prcgref- nuitque fe domi. Mox recipiens ea inftititper- 

gere. 



184. 



^3 A K I A N. 



?\tv vwi<ry]. mi T£A(^ ilTTiv, viLLiig Kiti^^iSri [Bp fjiiyig-ov &)V ^tivcnov^ 
ifJL^ Q » y^a-i^e. TrciKiv S^i TroTi 'P^ 'Mlwcum (^oLyctyeiV cwtov cBn t»V 

TToXifJLlHg KiX^^OvJdiVi 6)V ii>L S^aAgTO, J«AOJ/ K^ OLVCLvS^^V ^K^KOLhiivJciiVy »Vg 

vfJLeigy ^TTiVy IfA S^twct^t Tuomcu B-OL^<TcO\ioVj kiTi lyca, vfjLolg (^etAisg. » 
fjLlw olKK ^iQ-fj^ oihArihiig. bi) o Kcu^lg cBKrtpoLKm t^x^^I^^ t» cTjf- 
fjL^ TT^g ouuTov cr<po^^, Kj 'i' 9^TY\yioLg Sj^wuoLg cc7rouTSv}(^, 2&)9««Tg, 

«TTgl/, « fjLOLmeJLOl TT^CdTOV. STTei Q TFOAifjLQviig (£{) V!rOLV TOLTteiVo) Kj (^h- 

■«?•, '^ofMfYig ei§lwy]g i^^(TtwovJo, k^ KOLTi^om tS fpcdKmQ-', cog ct(pY\^ 
■^YifBpa tU/j vIkIw olv'^, YjUTvx^Ti, eiTTsv, ex^^vJeg ^^TYiyov ei<^0TOL vfJLoLg' 
g7r« irdixcu oiv )xp7oK(t)AeiTe. Tolg 3 BoMTolg a (^^Xofjl^mv olvt^ i^tKoilj,^ 
fc^ -^ X^^^^y otAAct TToAifjLiiv, crtwe^HAi^g <^ioi T^ Koym, oji oig «Vt 
K^ii-rl-dg, fjLYi (^toi t^ QTrKm, cv oig i^oyag, fjLcLx^^i' "hiyovloL J*' olvtov « 
TT^TiifAfjm ii^i \:mfjSpovlm cLKiietv, 'Efjte, dinv, vfiug d fjLn ^^Kofj.ou 
TTOiiiv, ^icLTcL^ ^vvcL^i, hiyciv (X. fA.n hi c^^ yvodfjLhutj hk oivoLfKoi(riTi* 
'p^ 3 oiv]i7ro?\iT<^ofMf(i!)V olvt^ pwo^m, AYifjLo^ivag fjSp imov\(^, ^kmKliVH- 
crrcrg 'Mhuuauoi <$>oiKim' oiv fjLCLVOd(riVi iiinv, crg 3, sctV (rco(p^v£(ri. Tiohv- 

^JkIoV TOV 'E<P^tIioV 6§(aV CV KOLVfJLOLTKTVflf^aXdjOvloL Tolg'AQ!wcdoig TTOM- 
fJL^V TT^g f^ihlTTTTOV, iiTOL W OL^fjLAT^^ TTOTkKS Kj <(^^&IT(^, clVg J^« K^ VTTi^. 
liCJLX^ '^^^y TTOAAaXt?- cJ^j)j)OpSvJoL tQ V^aLT(^, "A^iOV, l(pY\, THTCO TTl^dj- 

(roLvJoLg vjuLoig '^Yipi(roL^Tov 7f()AifjLov' ov Ti oii^sjroiweiv hv T^B-cti^pciKjTn 

dcmi- 

gere. IUis deniio crocientibus, fubflitit, &: verbis , quibus prteftarent, non, quibus ef- 
tandem ait, Etfi vos quam maximc crocivi- fent inferiores, armis, cum iis digladiaren- 
ftis, non guftabitis me tamen. Alio tempore tur. Quura aliquando fententiam ejus non 
jubentibus Athenienfibus ut moveret in ho- probarent , neque eum fuftinerent audire, 
ftes, ubi rcnuit, timidum mollemque appcl- JVIe vos, inquit, quse non probo, cogere ut 
lantibus: Neque vos, inquit, fiicere me au- 'faciam valetis: dicerc quse non probo pr;E- 
dacem poteftis , neque vos ego timidos. ■ ter fententiam non cogetis. Ex adver- 
Attamen novimus nos inter nos. Quum du- fariis ejus in repub. oratoribus quum De- 

.biis temporibus perquam ageret cum eo po- mofthenes dixiflet, Interficiet te populus A- 
pulus afpere, atque imperii rationes repo- thenienfis Phocion, Si inHmire coeperit, rc- 
fceret, Sei-vemini qusefo, inquit, prius.Quum fpondit, te vero, 11 fapuerit. Polyeudum 
in bello eflent abjefti & trcpidi, pace vero Sphettium quum videret per ^ftum auto- 

. fa6ba ferocirent, ac convitiis inceflerent Pho- rem populo Athenicnfi effe movendi Phihp- 
cionem, quafi eripuifiet ipfis viftoriam, Fe- po beJli, inde anhelantem multum & fudan- 
lices eftis, infit, duceni qui habeatis vcs tem, utpote prspinguem , atque crebro a- 
cognofcentem i alioquin jamdudum perifle- quam forbentem, Debetis fcilicer, inquit, ex 
tis. Cum BcEOtiis ubi de agro voluere non hujus fententia bellum fcifcere : quem in 
judicio fed bello difceptare, cenfuluit ut lorica 5c clypeo quid cenfetis fa(5lurum in- 

ftan- 



^ n K I n N, 185 

dcmii^h tV mXifXUtiV ifyvg ovJm, on Myaov Tr^og vyioiq a. lauT^, mJ^v- 
v^ei TTViylwoUy tS q Awafyii TroAAct ^KcL(T(pY)^cL w^og cwtov ei7vov\(^ 
b) cMKMcricty i^ Tr^og ci7rcx.(riVj oti (^Uot -^ tioKit^ S^caT^v\(^ ' kXi^d.v- 
S^^a (rtweQiiA<^iV c/aS^^vou , etTTiV, tto AAa lyco dv^^i^^XdjKcJL KOLhci ii 

(TV^(pt^v\cL TiiTOigj oihh "6 TTei^OvJoU fJLOi. 

^Hv S^i Tig ' kex^^^<^h\g ShKcxK-d^^^ Actx&)w$-jiV, iKAymci rs Kc^^ei- 
fjSp(^ v77i^(pvY\ fJLiyi^ei-, )^ Tti^onvcn (po^^v dei K^ (TKv^e,ci^nciljjdv' tQtov cv 
(2»bAH B-o^v^ciifj^^ ^mim S7fuci?KeiT0 79 Aoy&) fJLoi§Ttw (x.fict i^ (hoy)- 
B-ov. cdg Q dvct^dg c/Keiv(^, ot TT^og x*^^^ ^ '^'^^^^ ' Mhuuouoig G^uvs^ii- 
T^SjiV, d-^oifjSij(^ dujtQ t^ '^eiodv, 'fl 'k^x^^^^h, ei7riv, Ti hv hk ctTrg- 
;t«^6)5 'Ag/fo^«Voy©-' tS (rvKo(pdv}ii, noXifJLiK^ pp ov\(^ CM' Toug c/k- 
KhYKricug, Kj 7roL^^ujuav\(^ oJ^n Tdg 7r^'^eig tov i%fJLov, qm '"^ t4 koltolKo- 

y(jb TT^dgAS-OlJ]©-' S^ (hoLKlYieJ-Ct TW (TKiAet KOLT CthhlBp Cd , 7l^oy^(id^iV OUU- 

Tov ^^xm TiS ^YifiOLT<^ ((^6)f <i>(t)KiodV, dvU^"^, T^(pi K^ ' kejL^oyeiTovoL 
^(idT^ov iij 7rovY)^ov. ^(TTi ^oujfJLd^eiV 07t(idg Kj O7ro02i/ T^.yyg iiTCdg dvn^ ji. 

(TKvB-^(jd7rog CAi\YI(TOLTO tIw tQ X^^'^^ TT^tTYiyoejLOLV. gfil' Q, olftOU, ^^^OtAgTToV, 
« fjLluU dS^UUUOLTOV, UXTTCi^ oivoV >C, dv^^CATTOV, TOV OUJTOV YI<PuJU dfJLOt K^ OUU- 

qY\eov eivcju' KOL^d^Ti^ iTi^oi Tcdhiv (pouvoiBpoi yXvKetg, dY\H?aLTOi Tolg x?^~ 
^oig ei(Ti >c, (i?\oL^i§6dTOLT0i. KouTOi cpoLCTiV '^(Z^t^Luu TTOTi eiJTeiV 7r^og TCV 
SSiifJLov, 'kvS^e^ig 'Mkucuoi, fJLY) (TK07reiT€ fJLovov €i TtiK^og, dhTs! ei ^T^olKd eifti 

TTtK^og. Cd(T7fi§ T^ TTMovi^ict f^OVOV 'iTTOLX^^g ^ 7\V7fY]^^g Ov\oLg, ^Xi fJLdXhOV 

O(T0l 

ftantibus hoftibus, quum inter dicendum a- giton fycophanta, qui in concionibus be!li- 

pud vos ea quae commentatus eft, pene ftjff"o- coftis erat, popuUimque ad arma incenderar, 

cctur ? Quum multa ei exprobraret in con- in deleftu accederet baculo innixus 6c crure 

cione Lycurgus, prxter castera, quod depo- obligato, confpicatus procul eum ex ftiggc- 

fcenti decem cives Alexandro, fuiffet autor ftu Phocion, exclamavit, Scribe etiam Ari- 

tit dedcrentur: ait, Multa ego his refta 6c fi- ftogitonem claudum & improbum. Ut mi- 

lutaria confilia dcdi, vcrum non parent mi- rum fit qui 6c unde vir adeo afper 8c triftis 

hi. cognomen invenerit boni. Ca^terum eft meo 

Erat Archibiades quidam, quem Laconi- judicio arduum, haud impoffibile tamen, uc 

ftam ab imitatione Spartanorum appellabanr, vinum, fic hominem eundem dulcem pariter 

immenfa promifTa barba, ac laena femper a- & aufterum efte: ficut alii e diverfo in ipecic 

miflus tetricufque. Hunc in curia Phocion dulces, ingratiffimi ufu funt 8cnocentiffimi.Et 

occlamationibus jaftatus teftem di£tis fuis 6c quidem Hyperidem memorant aliquando in 

fuffragatorem advocavit : qui ut exfurgens concione dixiffe, Nohte Athenienfes adver- 

quoE accepta forent confukiit Athenienfibus, tere folum an amarus, fed an gratis fira a- 

apprehenfa barba ejus, Quin igitur Archibi- marus: quafi illos tantum qui avaritia impor- 

ade, inquit, tondes barbam? Quum Arifto- tuni 6c odiofi funt, non autera hos potius 

YoL. IV. A a qu\ 



i86 * n. K I n, N. 

00-01 TT^og v^e/v )c, (pQovoVj « o^ylu) y) (piMveiKictv Ttvci Xi^^ '^ (^ujuol^, 
TiiTng MioTm K^ Tr^o^ocLAAoijSfjm t^ ttoKKcov. ^^mlm Toivtw ixH^ l^ 
kiJ^iva T^ TToAtT^ KOLmg iTfomiv, a<^g cMoibU^iV sx^^ov ctAA' o<rov iS^et fjLii- 

VOV 'P^ CVi^^a^dOV ok iTr^-fliV VTTi^ '^ 7rctTeJl<^(^ Ka.Ti^OLVOL<^luuaty T£^- 

Xi^? ^v K^ S'v(rix.^ia9^ ^ da^iTYiiT^^, «V tov oLT^hov (^iov <^'|uS|jui) 7ra(rt 
Kj Koivov Kj (piha.vQ^cd7rov iOJUTov TTa^eixiV} wVs Kj TrloLicracri |2>o«3-«i', kou 
Kivi^wuSjncri (TWUi^iTCL^i^ Tolg i^iacpo^oig. ifKahiivJm o t^ (piT^cdV on tto- 
vy)^c^ Tivi K^ivofSpct) (Tujueivriv, raV X?*^^^^ '^^^ A^" ^^^ (^onB-eiag. 'Ae^^Q- 
yeiTov(^ i) T» (TVKoCpoLvlii jwj tIu) KaTaJ^iKlw 7ii(x-^av\(^ ;^ hn^ivl(^ gAr 
B-eiv TT^og oujtov, vTiaK^^trag i^oiJ^iljv eig to S^icrfjLCdTntJLov' \iK iodvlodv iJ Tm 
0i?^cov, 'EoL(raTi, d^nv, w fzaKOLejLoi' ttQ ^ av ng nS^iov ' KeA^oyeiTovi (yvfjL- 
ColAoi 5 

Kcu fj.luj o'l yi (TvfjLfjLaxoi ^ ol vwicStcu t^V 'AMnQiv "^sm^oAng, iTe- 
fa fjSfj c/ii7rXiov}(^ <^^TYjyS, ^roKifJLiag vofiil^ovJig, i(p^yvujuJo t«;:^«, kou 
7\i(j8^ag cL7riX(i^vvv(rav, Kj KaTiKofjLil^ov ^vjtz) t' x^&^'^ ^^ '^(^^ ^roKetg (io(rKn- 
fiaTa, J^ dvS^TroSa, v^ yuvcuKag, Kj 7rou(^ag' ei 5 ^&iKicov i^yolTo, 7roh- 
p&) vcw(r)v IS^ioug aTravlcovlig i9i(pavcd\B{)0h k^ ;^cM^oi/7g^, 4)V cuuT^g KaTri- 
yov. 

naes^SvoiMfa «V tIw 'EvCoiav tQ ^iXiTrTra, -Kj i)jvafjLiV m Mctxg/b- 
viag <ha^i^oL^ovl(^-, K) Toig 7roAeig ow«a|w^'a iSioL Tv^vvm, UXaTct^n 3 
t» 'E^iTejisci)g KaKiv\(^ t»? 'A^lwouag, Kj AofjQpa tIw vn(rov cJ^iXi^ 

Ka- 

qui ad impotentiam & invidiam vel iram vel rexic. Retinentibus eum amicis, Sinite quae- 

conteniionem abutuntur potentia, populus ti- fo, inquitrubi enim congrediare cum Aritto- 

meat & execretur. At Phocion inimicum ex gitone libentiios? 

civibus neminem afflixit, ac ne pro inimico Porro focii Athenienfium 8c infulares, claf- 

quidem habuit, fed quantum res poftulabat, (es eorum duce miflas alio, pro hoftibus ha- 

tantum ut adverfus obfiftentes fuis pro bono bebant, muros fepiebant, portus obftruebant, 

publico aftionibus luftaretur, horridus erat, pecora, fervitia, conjuges, liberos in urbes 

pertinax fic implacabilis. Omnibus in caete- ex agris deportabant : fin imperator Phocion 

ris placidum fe communemque & humanum effet, navibus fuis longe occurrebant coro- 

prasbebat, kpfifque ferebat opem, atque pe- nati & gratulabundi, deducebantque eum ad 

riclitantibus advocatus aderat adverfariis. Ex- fe. 

probrantibus ci amicis quod turpem homi- Qiium irreperet in Euboeam Phihppus, 

nem defendiiret, probos ait non indigere au- eoque exercitum ex Macedonia traduceret, 

xilio. Ariftogitoni fycophant^ poft damna- atque oppida folicitaret per tyrannos, implo- 

tionem ipfum pcr amicos precato ut ad fe ve- rante opcm Athenienfium Phitarcho Eretri- 

niretj morem geffit, atque ad carcerem per- enfi , oranteque infulam ut eriperet ex fau- 

* cibus 



* n K I n N. 187 

i^m i^VUUCLfJLlV » TTOXhlw-, 6)V "^ C/K« (TV^YitTOlMpOdV kjoifJLm TVpjq CWTOV. 
dj§OiV TT^^cTotV OLTTCLvJci fJLi^^Ai ii^ VO(T^\i\cf.i -^ Sl0^6i^Vy(j3{JOL S^Od^hK.icC, 
«V Kiv^tWOV fJLiyoLV KOLTi^i)' KOU TlVOL Ao(pOV ^OL^O^^Ct ^Ct^^OL '^ fsfet TOt? 
TOLfJLVVOL^; oJ^TciS^OdV 'i^mX.^VTfJofjS^OV KOLTOLKoL^OdVi (TlUJayiV h THTCd K^ (TVVi- 
K^Tei TO (JLOLX^f^(^TOLT0V T' ^WJOLfJLtOdg. '^ OLTClL)ilodV Kj AotA6)P J^ TTOVi^^OdV 
S^iaS^i^^^KOvlm CAt tQ ^^^TOirk^ti, Y^ )>JnX^^iivJoiV » QMiKSj(riV oifJLihHV 

T»V iyifJLovoLg' yi^ ^ ivlouj^a. (^v^^rtfai \W cLTOL^ioLg sVgc^, >^ jSAct^s^aV 

Tol? fjLCLXOfJ^Oigj KOLKei TOIOLUTOL (TtwMTOLg OUUTolg ^tIoV CUUTH KOLTCt^O^- 

Ci^y yij fJLYt TTOLVv (rvKo(pa.v}yi(reiv. 

'flg imi(roLV ol noKifjLioh Kih^^rag ov Toig onXoig oLT^ifjLfiv ar/p' av 
cuuTog (r(pOLyicii(TY^-, Trhaoi) MTeA^e X^^^^' ^ S^vcm^&Vy ri ^hKo(^(^ gf- 
yvTi^od TaV TToMfJLiag S9nojJcL(TaL^. ho tt^mtov fjSfj o TiK>iTaex^» ^'^'^~ 
f^^ )>m^et7\iav k^ KaTOKveiv cMeivov, o^eJ^^jo^ fA^ -z^ |gi/&)i/. 'iwHTa Ta- 
Tov M^ovlig o\ litneig «;c QMa^T^Y\(TaVi clAA iiAouuvov dJ^vg eig t«V TroXsfjiikig, 
(i(Tvv\axloi y^ cmo^hg cjk tQ 9^T07rs<hi 7r^(T(ps^f^oi. viKOi)fjS{j&)v 'j t^ 
7r^odT&>v, oLTravlig s<TKi^oL^Y)(Tav, k^ o TlAiiTa^x^ i<pv^' jc, t^ x^^-^^ 
7r^(Tf/,i^aviig 'ivioi t^ 7FoMfjLioi)V, cMKOTfJetv STfei^o^vJo }i ^iacujoiv-, dg (LttcLv- 

T&)J/ KiK^TY\KOTig. bi TiiTOO Q TOdV li^S)V "j^OfjSpOdV, TbV f^ dJQvg CM TH 

(^^T07ri(hi 7r^^(T7ri(Tov]ig ol 'Mhuuouoi T^i7ni(Ti, Kj KaTa^dTOKii^Ti t»V TrAe/- 
(^ag fsfet Toig i^vfJLa(Ti Cp^yovjag' 6 jj ^otiKioov tIw fjjp (poiAaFya Tr^o-gVa^sj/ 

S(p£~ 
cibus Macedonum, Phocion parva manu dux armis confiftere quoad immolaviflet, protra- 
miflus eft, quod incolas fperarent prompte xit tempus diutius, vel quod non litarer, 
ad eum concurfuros. Qui omnia quum of- vel quo hoftes propius alliceret. Quapi-op- 
fendiflet proditorum plena, afFefta, & largi- ter ratus primum metu illum trepidare & 
tione conftuprata, in periculum adduftus in- obtorpefcere Plutarchus, procurrit cum mi- 
genseft: occupatoque tumulo quodam, qui lite conduftitio. Deinde confpicati id e- 
cava valleacampoeft circa Tamynas diremp- quites, non continuerunt fe, fed illico admi- 
tus, in eo quod firmiflimum erat in exercitu, ferunt equos in hoftem, inconditique & ef- 
continuit & coercuit. De incompofitis, gar- fufi proruerunt ex caftris. Dum ca;duntur 
rulis, & ignavis, qui ex caftris aufugiebant primi, omnes disje^ti funt, &: fugam cepit 
& Cgna relinquebant, monuit duces nihil ef- Plutarchus. Pars hoftium vallum adorti ex- 
fe laborandum : quippe ob licentiam fore fcindere moliebantur & perrumpere tan- 
cos in exercitu inutiles, & obfuturos dimican- quam omnibus fufis. Interea perpetrato fa- 
tibus: domi vero, horum fibi confcios, mi- cro erumpentes caftris Athenienfes partem 
nus eum infeftaturos ipfos neque multum ca- extemplo avertunt, & in fugam eflPufos a- 
lumniaturos. pud vallum plurimos concidunt, Phocion 

Ut infefti adfuere hoftes , juflis fuis fub phalangem in occafionera ftare intentam im- 

A a z pc- 



i88 * n K I n N. 

l(pi<^^>^j€ni, cl}ici7\afJi^civ^(r(JLV afJLct >c, Tr^frS^e-^ojj^luu t«V cv t« (pvyi^ 
TT^Ti^v (^iacma^ivlagy cwtq? o t«V c^Ag;tla? s;^^»'» cvi^oaAM Toig ttoM- 
[iiioig. Kj fJLcix^^ Ka^Ti^g '^opiJng) Trctmg ^ cM^vfjLOdg YiymicavJo >lcu 
dCpeii^&g' Qci7\7\(^ Q o Kti^g», )^ T7\cwiL(^ o IloAv^w.flJ^si?, (^fec ctyVov Te- 
TayfjS^joiTov f^Ty^yov^t^eAs-t^^rav.ii ijlIlv clK7\d /^ KAgoCpoti/«? ajtoi; TrA^Va 
Tra^s^gj/ kcwTov QJD cAteivn th fJLdx^- TbV >) i7r7r«? dva}La7\.iifM{j(^ qm -^ 
T^omg-) iiou pio&v aou S'iay.i7\^oi^(^ KiviS^vvdjov]^ tu <^^Ty)yod (ioYiB-iiv, 
inoimiv dva^^i^^avJag cRijij>cd(Tcu to vizn/JLa tc^v 07t7\n&v. zm TiiTH, tov ts 
TlT^iiTa^-Xov ^i^a7\7\iv b\i t' ''E^iTejLag, y.DU Zd^nT^ (p^iiejLov gAaV c%- 
Kcii^TaTov, n fxdKi^a dvviKcujvi^ to 7f7\dT(^ «V ^^X^ S^id^odfjLay '^ 
na-a crcf)tfyo]W^'«? haTii^od^i Toug B-a7\dosaug-> HTi 7\a^eiv odxfJLa^MTng 
''E7\7lwag i(pnKii (poCnS-eig Tb? psiVo^? toSv ' A^luucuctiv, fjun Tr^g o^ylw 

TiVa (i>ld(TCd]r) TQV S^nfJLOV dyVOdfJLOVWDU ftefei avTiig. 

'ETTCi 'j TavTa S^iair^^di^^^ d7[in7.<9j(Tiv o ^^odKmv-, Tax^ jw^ ^^ra- 
^n(Tav o\ (Tv fJLfjLaxo^ tLuu p^^^«?-oVnTot aou (^kKcuoo-vvIw ctuVa, TaxiJ iyvod- 
(rav ol 'Mlwcuoi tIw if/.vreteAav y.DU '^odfAw Ta dvi^^og. o -jB fjLiT cmhvov 
iA3-6)V cBri Td iT^yfJLaTa MoAooroV? aV&)? £7roASjtt«o-gt/ ujqi aou ^av av- 
Tog \5mx^tf'^ %)i^ Toig 7ro7\ifJLioig. iTret q fj.iydKoL Toug i7\7ri(Ti (^vo- 
(idv OiAiTrTr©^ «V 'EAaWovIoi/ n7\^iv jwj 7id(Tng t' hvdfJLioagy odg Xij)p()VYi- 

(TOV CV TOJJT^ KCU UieAV^OV "i^ObV KOU Bvl^dvllOV Od^fJLnf^OdV Q tS)V ' A^nVOUCiiV 

^on^iiv, o\ j)nTo§ig vJywi/tcraiJlo tov Xd^nTa ^^Tnyov ^KTo^ahlwou' kou 

7r7\d). 

perat, colligercque fimul & recipere eos qui in capi non permifit oratorum Athenienfium 

fugam ante dillipati fuerant : ipfe cum de- metu, ne populum ad fecus in eos confulen- 

leftis incunit in holles, commilTiique acri dum inflammarent. 

pugna omncs impigre 8c ftrenue certave- Poftquam rebus hifce geftis domum fe 

runt. Thallus CineiE & Glaucus Polyme- Phocion recepit, mox defideraverunt ejus 

dis, apud ipfum locati ducem, prxter Cicte- humanitatcm Sc juftitiam focii, mox etiam 

fos dimicaverunt fortiter, & vcro etiam populus Athenienfis peritiam ejus & virtu- 

Cleophanes infignem virum eo in prcelio tem animadvertit : fiquidem fucceflbr cjus 

pra;ftitit. Hic equitcs ex fuga rcvocans, Moloffus ita geffit bcllum, ut etiam ipfe in 

clamans & adhortans ut perichtanti fuccur- hoflium poteftatem vivus venerit. Unde 

rcrent imperatori, effecit ut reverfi viftori- grandia Phihppus fpe complexus, in Helle- 

am peditum confirraarent. Hinc Plurar- fpontum cum omnibus copiis movit ad oc- 

chum excgit Erecria, & Zarecra opportu- cupandum fimul Chcrfonnefum, Perinchum, 

nifiimam arcera cepit, qua maxime coarc- &C Byzantium. Parantibus fuppetias fer- 

tatur laxitas infulie, qua: in anguftara cer- re Athenienfibus, contendcrunt oratores ut 

vicem utrinque aftringitur pelago. Gnccos dux mitteretur Chares. Qui eo profeftus 

nihil 



4> n K I fi N. 189 

TOV 90AOV, oLKK vmTfl^ &) V TTOLG-IV STTAOLVdTO X^^f^OLT^l^^OI^'^ >W T^ Q-yft- 

ILicix^^v, iij KctTa(p^viii£fj(^ \:m '^ TToMiuLicov' 6 q (^n/uL^^ ^sm 'P^jinTo^m 
TToL^^iwof^^^YiyoLVOLKleiyKj jULiTiVoei Tolg Bv^avJioig TrijbL-^cLgThui) (lon^etoLVj 
OLvoL^oig (pmim ^mv on c^« (bL^Tolg dm<7S(riv o^yil^iiD^ 'p^ (7VfyLfj.oiX(tiyjOLA~ 
Act Tolg cL7ri9-<ifj8{Joig t&v ^^Tny^v. ^toi 7^ vf^ag Trotao-i (poQi^Qg, kcjutoi 
X^^W 'ofJ^ <TU>l\Sf^ lULY) (^u/JOLf^foi. Kivn^eig ^v Hfj.(^ \:m tQ hoya ^ 

jULiTOLTreO-OdVj QMihSjiV DUJTOV QMHVOV iTi^V TT^G-AOlCovJoL ^VVOLIULIV ^On^Hf 

Tolg (rviuLfj.cLxoig «V tov 'Ehhncojovlov' fjiyi^luu poTrluu gTToiJKTsi/ Tr^g to 
(TCd^lwou To Bvl^oLvJiov. Iw fBp n^n fJ,iycLKn ^o^cl tQ <i>miot)v(^' sTret q KAg- 
cdv oLvn^ Bvl^oLfiim 7r^6dT<^ oi^iTn, k^ tw ^odyJmvi yiyovj^g of ' hKcL^nfJ.ict 
cujun^ng, oLVi<^i^oLTo tLuu Tti^iv vTTi^ ouutQ TT^g tIuj 7i;o7\iv, bK eioLo-oLV gja 
<^P^To%i^^(Tou <c'dAof^ov, cLhh' oivoi'f,avlsg Tcig 7rv7\ag, h^i^avio ;^ xotrg- 
fjLi^av kouuTolg T^g 'A^luuaiagy 8 fj,ovQV 0LVifK?\nTdg Tcug hcuToug v^ crcoCpp^- 
va?, olK7\ol Kj TC^B-vfjoTOLTkig cv ToHg oLyot)(Tt ^LoL tIw jfi^iv "jlpofjS^oiig. iiTca 
|u6^u OtAiTTTi-©^ o^gTTia-g t5 'EAA«az7ov]« TOTi iij KaTi(p^ovn^n, SokSiv afj.a- 
Xog Ttg eivou )ij dvavlaycjdVi^T^^' q <^mi(idv )^ vouug Ttvag ethsv ouutS, li^ 
(p^d^dfBpag TTohetg cLVi7\a^iV, k^ 7fo7\.7\axo^t "^ X^&^^ ^Km^oL^Tetg 7tot^fj.i- 
i'©-', £7ro'fO« j^ KaTiT^^X'^^ f^^X^'' ^ T^ouufj.aTa ha^oov ^jm tcov 7t^oT<>on- 

^iivlodV (i7ii7l7\dj(TiV, 

nihil copiis fuis geflit dignum, neque acce- norum virtute primus, Phocionifque pridcm 

perunt claflem civitntes, fed omnibus fufpec- in Academia familiaris, apud civitatem pro 

tus palabatur pccuniam cogens ab fociis, 8c eo interceflit, non pafll funt eum extra moe- 

ab hofl;ibus contemptus. Populus vero, quum nia quamvis cupientem metaii caftra, verum 

efl"et ab oratoribus incenfus, indignatus eft^, patefaftis portis acceperunt eum, domumque 

poenituitque eum fummiflae Byzantinis opis. ad fe duxerunt Athenienfcs : qui non folum 

Ibi exfurgens Phocion concionatus eft, Ini- inculpatos fe in hofpitiis & abftinentes, fed 

quum efle diflidentibus fuccenfere fociis, fed & promptiflimos in proeliis kk obfidem fibi 

fuccenfendum infidis ducibus, Hi enim vos habitam exhibuere. Ita Hellefponto tunc 

reddunt, inquit, formidabiles, quantumvis pulfus Philippus eft 8c defpeftus, qui efle in- 

citra vos incolumibus efle non valentibus. viftus ac formidabilis videbatur. Ademit in- 

Hac permotus oratione populus mutavit fen- fuper Phocion ci aliquot naves, oppidaque, 

tentiam, atque illum ipfum alia manu fump- quibus illc prsefidium impofuerat , recepit. 

ta fociis juflit fubvenire in Hellefpontum : Ad hcec crebras defcenfiones faciens, fines e- 

quod ad confervandum Byzantium maximi jus populatus eft & vaftavit, quoad ab iis 

fuit momenti. Erat nomen jam inclytum qui fubvenerunt vulneratus abfcefllt. 
Phocionis. Ut vero etiam Cleon, Byzanti- 

6 Jm. 



igo * n K I n N. 

Bo{&)T«?, /bLY) TT^OCU^OI^OI, (pM<r(ti<n tIw ^OYj^etOLV, CMK?KY](rioLV (TtWYiycfffi 

2&)9gfj Kj 7r^o(ra.fyeiAci<; tol (^^ Tm Miya^iav Tolg 'A^luuouoi^, wV 27rg- 
'^Yi(pi(rav}o:, rw (roLhTrifyi. (TY^^lwoLgy di^vg ^ksto -^ cMKhYKrioLg «-^ oujTHg tol 

OTThOL KOL^OvloLg. (^i^OLfJ^CdV Q TCdV Miy0L^i(dV TT^oS-U jUL(t)g, tIw TS ^i(rcUOLV 

iTHX^Tiy K, ^iai fjLi(rii (TKiM ^vo TT^g To cBivetov "M Ta dVg(^ c^e^aXgv, 
K, (Ttwii^^sv TM B-oLXoL-fln tIw Trdhiv, u(rTS t£v k^ yh/j 7roXifA,i&)V oxiyov 
YiSi) (p^vHi^acrav cJ^Y)^TYi^ tc^v 'A^lwoucdv. 

"Hd^ Q TCdv TT^g (pihiTTTTov SKTTiTroM/uLCdfj^pcdV TTavlocTroL^riv, K^ <7^TYiym, 

OJUtQ jULYi 7ra^v\(^, iTi^CdV S^ TOV TTOXifJLOV )j^Y)fjS{JCdV, «V KaTi7rh^(riV )k^ 

TCdv VY)(rm, TT^^Tov f^ iTTetB-e tov i^yijllov, ei^lwiK^g ixov\(^ t» <t>ixi7r7ni, 
j^ (pQ^af^a Tov Kiv^vvov l^v^ug, <^ix^^ '^^^ ^ia7\v(reig' kou tiv(^ oivJi' 
K^'d(rav\(^ ojutS t&v HCdBoTCdv KvT^ivi^ei^ (z^ tIw 'Hhiouav )^ (ruKo(paV- 
Teiv, yij «ttoi/I©-', 2y o ToKfJLcig, co <Po)Kict)V, >^T^g7r«i/ 'A^lwouag wcl^ tol 
Q7T7\a (^idL x^?^^ iXovJcigi 'Lycd yg, «Trgt/, k^ TouuTa eiJ^cdg, on TToXifjLH 
fj^ ovJ(^ syco cra, ei^lwng o 'f{JOfB{JY)g (tv 'ifjL^ oL^^etg. cog q »x iTretS-ev, 

ttAA AY]fjLO^mg 'iK^TCi KiTKiSjCdV 6)V ^ropjiCdTOLTOi 1? ' AT]iKY\g S-i^ fjLOL- 

xlw T^g 'A^Iwcuag, 'fl Tav, i(pY), fjLY) tt^ fJLax^^ft-i^^OL (TKo^rco^, olKXcl 
7r£g viKwcdfSp. «t6) y> i<Tou fjLaK^v o 7roXifjL(^, Yi-flcdf^oig q 7rav oiet i^et- 
vov ifyvg 7roLe,i<^iv. 'fpofjSpng o nfJY)g, Kj t&v B-o^v^o7ioim k^ VicdTiejtf^v tcSv 

cv 

Implorantibus clam Athenienfium opem quum pacem Philippus cuperet, formidarct- 

Megarenfibus, timens Boeotios Phocion, ne, que impenfe periculum, ut foedus acciperent. 

fi praefciflenr, anteverterent fuppetias, fum- Ac quum quidam ei ex illis qui jaftare in fe 

mo mane concionem advocavit, expofitifque in foro circa fubfellia judicum, & quadru- 

populo Megarenfium poftulatis, ubi ea fci- platuram aflueverant facere, oblatraret, dice- 

vere, figno tuba dato extemplo a concione retque, Tune audes Phocion ai-ma jam mani- 

cos, quum tantum arma fumpfiflent, eduxit. bus tenentem rcvocare populum Athenien- 

Receptus a Megarenfibus cupide, Nifseam . fem? Ego vero, inquit, idque certus bello 

munivit, ac brachia duo interjedo inter ur- me tibi, pace mihi te imperaturum. Ubi 

bem & navale fpatio duxit, eamque mari non flexit populum, fed Demofthenis value- 

coramifit. ilta parura jam de hoflribus runt confilia, ut ab Attica quam remotifli- 

per terram folicita, adha;fit Athenienfi- me Athenienfes figna conferrent, Ne difpi- 

bus. ciamus fodes, inquit, ubi dimicemus, verum 

Quum jam indixiflent bellum aperte Phi- quemadmodum vincamus : ita demum lon- 

lippo, aUi autem per abfentiam ejus duces ginquum crit bellum. Viftis omnia atrocia 

belli creati eflent, fimul atque ab infuhs do- femper propinqua funt. Superatis Atheni- 

mum eft regreflTus, ante omnia fuafit populo, enfibus, turbatoribufque & novatoribus ur- 

banis 



^ n K 1 n N. 191 

cv a,<T€i Tov XcLe/,h{^ov ihKovJm cBi to I^y]/ui,ol, Kj g-^rnysiv ci^i,-iv\(^i, l(po^ 
^«OMcrai/ oi (^ihTi^oi' \ijTlw <^ 'A^eta Trdyd ^a^dw ix^vlig hv t4 H^cdt 
hof^oi »9 (^cLK^vovleg (jloM iTretarav cJhT^i-^ou i^ <Pmimi tIw ttoKiv. d 
Q tIw i^ d^.hlw tQ OiAtWa T^oAiTeiav j^ (piKoLv^^mioLV mTo hlv n^<r- 
^iX^^' Aw^ac^d y^-^cLvl©^ 07r&)? « TToAt? M-^Tixoi -^ Komg ei^luui)?, ;^ 
TS (TtWiJ^ei^ Tolg "EAA«a-<t/, ^z eicL Tt^ tS yvmou tivol ^i^.mT(^ ouut^ 
^i^ (i^ tW 'Ehhlwov ci^i(J>(Tei. K^TYi^eig 3 t« yvc^^n S^ioi tov Kcu^vy 
ag <^'duV io^e^ T»V 'A^lwcuag iLLiToLjULeAafjQpii?, oti k^ Tm^m iht Tra^i- 
Xeiv t4 ^thinnia -^ iTTTreig, TcwToLy i(py], (po^^ij^(^ woLvli^ifjLlw' STrei o 
ffvvik^e, h^i fxvi /Bafg&)? <p^eiv ^«cT-g d^vfJLiiv, ^ifuLvnfB^j-dg on ;^ oi tt^. 

yOVOh TTOTe ^^ (t^X^V%g, TTOtI Q CL^X^IJ^^I, KUXi^g dfJLCpOTi^. TOUUTOL 

TToiHvlig, K) tIw ttoTkiv i(rui(ra.v -^ t»V "E?K7\!woLg. 0<Ai7r7rji '^^olvov\(^, 
^afyihia B-vetv tov S^nfJ.ov ^k eia' k^ -^ d^^vtg moi Mxcu^eiv, itj tIw 
QM Xcu^diveicL c^Ta^ai^lw Tf^g a/jT^g S\)va[jiiv, m (roduaTi (jlovov sAclt-^ 

TO) '^i^CU. 

Anfxo^ivag o TKOih^^vl^ tov 'AXi^av^^v Uy) Tr^croLyovla Tcug 0»'- 

Cojigj i<pY)y 

2;^gTA<g t/ttT i^iXeig gfgfii^gf/S^u cLyejtov dvtP^, 
^^ ^(i^ng fxiyoMg o^iyoi^ov; l ^aA« TTv^Kaidg TYiXiKOJUTYjg mY^g ifyvg,. 

p<\|/OM tIw TTOAlVidhh' «>«? aJ^g /B«Aojo6iuo<? }^?,i^ai Ti^TOig cBiT^i-^o- 

fjSp, 

banis Charidemum in fuggeftum trahentibus, rum quando ita eftis pafti, non debetis gra- 

atque poftulantibus ut hic praeficeretur exer- viter ferre neque animum defpondere me- 

citui, externti optimatcs, fenatumque Arco- mores etiam majores veftros nunc imperafte 

pagi m concionem adducentes, sgre precibus nunc paruifte, atque utrumque hoc refte & 

& lacrymis impetraverunt ut rempub. per- ordine exequentes rempub. ac Grsciam con- 

nutterent Phocioni. Cenfuit hic leges & fervafle. Philippo defunao immolare ob \x- 

conditiones ampkaendas humanas reliquas, tum nuntium prohibuit populum -quippe ab- 

quas dixerat Phihppus. Sed poftquam roga- jefti animi efle malis exultare alienisratque 

t.onem Demades tuht, ut civitas in focie- exercitum qui cum ipfis ad Chsroneam con- 

tatcm veniret pac.s communis & conventus flixerat, uno tantum homine ait efle diminu- 

VjraEciae, mterceflit, ni prius ipfi cognofce- tum. 

rent quas conditiones poftularet a Graecis Demofthene autem Alexandrum arrodente 

rnmppus. Cujus quum temporibus adver- Thebis jam exercitum admoventem, dixit: 
lantibus non obtmuiflet fententia, Athenien- Cur mifer intendis rcgcm irritare ferocem, 

les autem lUico vidcret poenitentia duftos, & infignis glori^e cupidum .? auo conaris tan- 

quod naves 6c equites praebendi Philippo ef- to propinquo incendio pr^cipitare rempubli- 

icnt: wsc, mquit, iimens refragabar. Ve- cam? Atqui ne volentibus quidem perire his 



conni- 



192 ^ n K i n N. 

^>Sf, oi ^ioi tSto ^^TY\yiiv ^^zszj^ovlig. cog q ^Sm^.tdXma)) cu Qn^cu, k^ o 
'AAi^ciV(^^(^ oJ^nTHTo raV 'afet Aniuio^ivlw v^ AvKQ^yov k^ 'X^^S^lw j^ 
XaeJ.S'niu.ov, « q QMKKn^rict ir^g qmsIvov dirt^Mmv, ovoiuLci<ii mKKdm kol- 

S^miXH yij 7j;i<^Sj(idv v^ dyoLTti^v, «V Tci to^ouutcl, l(py], tIu) TroKiv ^toi (z^- 
ywxciG-iv, 6d(rT iycdye, kcx.v NwoxAsot Tig tQtov oJ^ouTn, <^k^ovcu KsKdi^rod. 
to fJ^ ^ oLUTog vTTi^ vfj^/f (XT^(iv\m '^^^OLvm, diTVxlctv ifjLouuTQ B-etjunv. 
lAgft) 0, eiTTiV, 6J cLvS^^ig A^lwcuoi, Kj raV cm <E)n^o^v S^iv^ 7n(pdjyoloLg, 
d^KH 3 T(ig Qn^oLg KhcuHV Toig 'EAAnJii/. S^io ^iXTiov gfiv vni^ oLfj.cpoHv 
Trei^eiV, k, a^p^w^^ou T^g Ko^T^vJoLg, n fULoLx^^cu. to f^ ^v vr^odTov -^n- 
(pKTjLLOL hiys^ AXi^cLvS^^v (^g iKci^iv p/\J/c«, >^ (pvyelv )>(7rog-^.(piv]oL THg 

TT^id^eig' TO 3 ^djTl^V Wi^CLTO, KOfX^^\v "IJZtJO 0&);C{&)|/©-', t'^ 7r^i(r<oVTi^(aV 
OLKiiCdV OTl K^ <I>/At7r7r©-' ihoUjpLCL^i TOV OLV^^ tStoV K^ « fJLOVOV tIuU ivldj- 

^iV vTTifietViV oujtQ )^ tLuu Hn<T^v, oLhxd j^ (rvfJL^>iK6jov\(^ nK-dCTiV. cnwi- 
Cbhdji J^' <^(t,Ki(tiV, ei iB{j YKTvxtcLg oeiy\)-, ^'i(^l Tov 'KoXifjLov' « Q oToJw^, 
jasTcttocM Tt^g T^g (boL^^d^ag >Wo '^''EXhUvdiV T^jfof^ov.K^ TtoXhd k^ 
TT^g tUju Ahi^dvS^^ki (pv(riv j^ ^iiAn^rtv dj^ox^^? eij^o^v, iiTd) fJHTi^oLXi -^ 

KOLTiTT^VViV CUUTOV, (^ITi d-KHV, OTTbig TTpja-i^iiG-l TOV vSv_ A&lwcUOl Tolg 

Tioof.yfjLCJLdtv, cdg eiTi 'j^oilo (^ cuutov, cMeiVoig d^x^^ 7r^(TnKov. IJ^ici 3 

TOV ^PodKlCdVOL KOmdf^©^ CWtQ (pihOV Kj '^iVOV, «V TO(TCLVTbjU i^iTO TlfXnV 

'o(rlw 

connivebimus,quipropterea rufcepimusmagi- mum plebifcitum perhibent Alexandrumj 

ftratum.Uteverfe Theb;Efiint,quum Alexan- poftquam fuir ei oblatum, projeciire, adverfa- 

der Demafthencm, Lycurgum, Hyperidem, tumque legatos receffifle. Alterum a Phocione 

&c Charidemum expofceret, conjiceret autem allatum accepit, ubi de majonbus natu audi- 

in illum concio oculos, crebro eum excitans, vit Philippum quoque habuiffe hunc virum 

exfurrexit, atque unum ex amicis, quo fupra in honore. Nec congrefTum modo & preces 

cxteros aiTidue utebatur, cui fidcbat, 8<;quem cjus admifit, fed & confulenti aures prazbuit. 

charum habebat, juxta fe ftatucns, Huc, in- Suafit autem ei 1'hocion, ii otium expeteret, 

quit, rcmpublicam ifti deduxerunt, ut equi- ut ponerct arma : fin gloriani, a Gnccis ver- 

dem, fi vcl Nicoclem hunc quis depofeat, e- fii transfcrret ea in barbaros. Ac multis dex- 

um jufTurus fim dedi : nam ipfe vitam pro tre pro Alexandri ingenio & mente di6tis uf- 

omnibusvobisprofimderefelicitatem ducerem que adeo eum inchnavit 8c demulfit, ut ille 

meam. Miferet vero me, inquit, Athenien- diceret, Athenienfibusadvertendumrcbus ani- 

fes, Thebanorum quoque, qui hucconfugere: mum efTe: quando fi quid de fe fa6tum efTer, 

verum fufficit Graecis Thebas lugerc. Quare pertinet ad eos imperium.Privatim vero cum 

praeftat ut pro utrifque agamus & deprece- Phocione jure amicitia; & hofpitii inito,pro- 

mur vi£tores, quam ut proelicmur. Ac pri- vexit illum eo honoris quem pauci, qui nun- 

quam 



4> n K I n N. 193 

o<r!w Hxciv oKiyoi t^ (Ih (TULvovlm. oy «i/ A^g/? H^mi'Jy (ag fjLiyct; -^jo'- 
fj^^, Kj Aot^«« K^,Tri(roig, oi<piiM 'Pi^ cJm<^o7\(iv to XoM^fii', TtXlw bi 
o(rcug i'y^(X.(pi 0&);t('&)i/i. tQtov q ju.ovov, &)Wg^ AvJiTroLT^ov, ^ rs? Xcu^eiv 

Tt^Q(TY\yOPdji. T^TO Q )^ Xot^JI? Wo^YtM. 

To |w3/;Voi fsfe^' T^ ;:^^«/uaV6)i', o^ohoy^i^ov ktf, on cToJ^ectv ctJiJs) 

mTiTT^fJL-^iV iKOLTOV T(lAclv}(l. TiiT(t)V KOjbLl^ivlciiV «V ^A^lwctg, YI^(OTY\(riV 

<i>(t>Ki(idv T«V (pi^ovJoLgj tI ^n iroTi no7\7\m oiilcav ^A^hLVcuodv, clvt^ fj,ov(^ toct- 
avT(t cl^/cTwG-tJ' 'AT^i^oLvS'^^^. einov\()i>v o cMelvcdV, on (r\ KejLVa fxovov cLv- 
^^ Kcxhov )^ (Lyahov' hkQv, HTTiV 6 <i>Cf)Ki(tiV, soLa-ccTdi fjLi y^ S^oKHV del ^J 

«l/OM TOi^TOV. Odg Q ciK07\>i^maL\i\ig dg ()IK0V OLVTW, 7ro7\7\hutJ kod^OdV djTi7KeiCLV, 
tluU {jS^ yvVCUKOL jULOLT]ii<rOLV, i) <t>(t)Ki(i)V OLVTOg OLVl/JLYKTOLg ijS^dd^ CM T8 (p^i- 

clt(^, dmviTpnTo t«V TtoS^oLg, tn (jloLtTkov cJniKeivJo, j^ YiyoLVOLKlav' (^eivov 
avou 7\iyov\ig, « (pi7\(^ odv t» |2>ota-;As&)? «Vw i^mTWi) TToVYt^cag. Mv bU 

^(t)Ki(t)V nivnTOL ■n^id^VThuU, CJD TeA^Odvio^ pVTfOL^CO TTO^/^Of^OV, Y\^(aTY\(TiV 

ci TaV^ yeie^ovoL vofJLit\i(Ti.v olvtov. d)(pYifj,fiv q iKmo^v hofB^poDV, kcu julIuu 
«T©^, ^mv, ctn k7\OLT]ovodV ifjL^ t^, y^ d^KeiTou. to q oAov, « fjLn x?^f^^~ 

V(^, iOn, IJLOLtIuU gj^ TOCtStOV ;:^^U(7tOV, n X^^^A"^ IfJLOUUTOV oifJLdL KOLKii- 

vov i^iol^ol7\oo TT^jg tIuu %o7\iV. iiTOD f/9/J iv lnoLVY\7^hi -kcLTw.v Tot ;;^^)i^w.ctT«, 

ci| 'A^lwOdV, cBnhi^OLvlcL Tolg '^EAAlKTi 7t7\>i(TmTi^0V t5 hS^OVi^^ TO(TCLVTCL 

Tov fxn hof^ov. inei q 'AAsJoti/J^^^^ nyoLVoiK\Y\Ti, )^ TrctAti/ gy^\J/g tJ <I>(y_ 
Xl6)Vt, (|)j'A»? jtt»! VOfJii^eiV TbV ^«(^21/ OtJTS hofB^JHg, x^'^^<^T'^ t^ ^'«^' 6)V 

4>&)- 

quam difcedebant ab Ipfo, haberent. Refcrt puteo aqua pedes lavit : magis ac magis infti- 

Duris, poftquam evafit ingens, &C Darium terunt, ftomachatiquc funt, turpe alleganres 

profligavit, ex epiftolis detraxifle eum Salu- efl*e regis amicum tam vivere duriter. Ibi 

tem, nifi quum fcriberet Phocioni. Huic uni confpiciens inopem" fenem Phocion in obfo- 

ficut Ancipatro Salutem in capite adfcribebat. leta Isena pnetereuntem, rogavit nir.n eo fe 

Idem Chares fcriptum reliquit. arbitrarentur deteriorem? Bona verba, inqui- 

Nam de pecunia quidem in confeflb cft, unt illi. Atqui hic, infit, ex re minore vi- 

dono ei mififle ex Afia Alexandrum centum vit, & eft contcntus. Brevi, aut fi mimis 

talenta. His Athenas deportatis, quaefivit ex utar, inquit, pecunia hac, nequicquam taii- 

miniftris e)us Phocion, qua de caufa in multis tum auri poffidebo: aut fi utar, me ipfum 

Athenienfibus tantum munus folifibi Alexan- juxta atque illum in calumniam conjiciam ad 

der largiretur. Ubi refponderunt illi, Quod popuhim. Ita reportata ex Athenis pccunia 

[ te exiftimet unum virum bonum 8c hone- eft: unde Grscis palam apparuit, locupletio- 

ftum. Ergo finat me, inquit Phocion, tahs rem tantam fummam dante efle non indigen- 

ut & habear 5c fim. Qui ut domum eum fe- tem ejus. At quum Alexandcr offenfus fcrip- 

quuti infignem adverterunt frugaHtatem ejus, fiflet ad Phocionem iterum, non habere fe pro 

uxorem pinfentcm,8c Phocion ipfe haufta ex amiciseosquinihilabfevellent accipere, num- 



VoL. IV. Bb 



mos 



194 * A K I n N. 

€eAOV 'A^lu>0(S^Ct)^V, Kj 'Po<^<a^ SvOi AYIfzd^TOV Ky 'ETTOL^TmOL (TUJUHKyipL- 

f£piig W ouTmg Tm )^ KDLTet^yi^ag cv HcL^h^i. t8t»? [Bp »f Sj^vq 
d7riAv(rev 6 'AM^oLV^§(^y K^Ti^^v q '^^■iKhm elg McLKi^QviaLV, c4tgA<^- 
(Tg Ti-flci^m TToModv ov 'Aa-/a, Kt'«, rgfy«9», MyAotwwi/, 'EAcsMot?, i^iav 
Yiv uv cii^nTcn a^^vcu t^ (t>od}tici)vr J^ioLTavoLfAiJ©^ grt fJLoihXQV 6)V ;!t;aAg- 
TTotiJtt ^« 7\OL^ov\(^. ctAA ijiVg <I>6);t/6)i/ gAa^gf, 0, TS 'AAgJavc^f (^ Ta;:^s&i? 
aVsdcti^gj'. « (j ohioL T« <|)&)>t(6)i'(^ 'gVi j/itw ov MsArrii cT^xj/t/), ^'^'hY.w.q Ag- 
TTtVi ;tgxo(rft«]U^'», Tct o otAAot Ait« -^ ctf^gAnV. 

T^yi' 3 ytwoumy otV tyr^fjSf, fs^ i^ Tr^Ti^? ii^h ho^eiTciA, Trhluu oTt 
Kn^pKToS^ori^ YjV 7rhoL<^y)q dSih(pog ouuTvig' t' o c^^n^? »;t 'iKoL-flc^v cBi 
G-ct}(p^(rtwn v^ d^p^Kcici hoy(^ Iw (z^ ToHg ' A^luuouoig, ri <Pcii)Kict)v(^ c^ 
^^fnfoVwTi. jcott noTi ^iodi^cidv Kouv^g T^ycc^^g 'A^lwcum, o jLOy) T^yCA' 

<^0C eia-iiVCU fJLihhCdV, ^CLCTihiS^ TT^CrCOTTOV YITH K^ KiKOCT fXVSfMp Ctg TTOhhdg 

TToKvTih^g oTTOLS^^g Tov ;:^of«yoi/" ^ fJLvi 7rot^g;:^o^l(^, wyotvotVJe* v^ KOLTeixi 

TO B-ioLT^V, «' jSaAojwS^©-' TT^Sh^eiv. 6 ^ X^^^^Y^^ M.ihdv^t(^, (£)^m cw~ 

Tov elg To fxidov, 'i^ooL, T» ^(i)>ii(idv(^ iix oe,dg yvvouKOL 7r^'iQ(roLV dei (jl^ 
fjudg S-i^7rcuvii^(^, dhh' dhu^ov^n >c, J^ioL^p^ei^eig tIw yvvcumvhiv ; cJ^ol- 

KS6<^H i) T' (p&)V«? ^0\npY)g, hS^i^OLTO KpJtCi) TTOh?^^ J^ B-Q^V^Ct) TO SriOLTeOV. 

cuuTY) p Y) yvvY)} ^mg Tivog 'lot^vLKng cBih^afjSfjYjg xi^^^^ '^ hiB-oKohhYiTov 

KQ(r- 

mos Phncioii ne fic quidem cepit : poflu- tum fi6torem ejus fratrera fuifle; altera non^ 

lavit autem , ut Echecratidera rhetorcm 6c minus caftitatis nomine 6c frugalitatis fuit A- 

Imbrium Athenodorum, praeterea Rhodio? thenis celebrata, quam ob probitatem Pho- 

duos Demaratum & Spartonem, certis de cion. Speftantibus nempe aliquando novos- 

criminibus comprehenfos 8c Sardibus vinftos tragoedos Athenienfibus, hiftrio, qui prodi- 

liberaret. Eos Alexander extemplo folvit, turus erat in fcenam, perfonam popofcit cho- 

Craterumque in Macedoniam mittens, ex op- ragum regin^e ac multas eximie cultas pedif- 

pidis quatiior Afiic, Cio, Gergetho, Mylafiis, fequas. Non prsebente illo ftomachabatur, 

Elasa, unum juffit, quod eligeret, ut trade- tenebatque fufpenfum theatrum, progredi ab- 

ret Phocioni : ac multo vehementius inftitif, nuens. At choragus Melanthius propellens'' 

indigne laturum oftendens fe, ni acciperet. eum in medium, clamavit, Non cernis Pho- 

Civterum nec acccpit Phocion, & brevi A- cionis uxorem una cum ancilla femper in- 

lexandcr deceffit. Phocionis £edes etiam hac cedentem ? Tu vero infolens es nimioque 

mcmoria in vico MeHta vifuntur laminis or- luxu pcrvmis mulieres ? Hanc vocem exau- 

natae ;ereis, c.ttera tenues 6c modica;. ditam excepit theatrura ingenti plaufu &: 

Uxorum, quas duxit, de priore nihil me- ftrepitu. Ipfa uxor, quum hofpita qujedam 

mori^ proditum eft, extra.quam Ccphifodo- ei lonica aLU"eura gemmifque diftindum 

mun- 



* A K I n N. 19)- 

H.090V iT<^ «<^» <^^TYiyS)V 'Mlwcum. 

^odKim j t4 H^ ^<i7\ofj8{j(^ ciymiircL^ 7ra.vct^!watoigi ^hro^ctTlw 2(py)- 
uVi a';;^) -^ viam oe^yoi^^^i dhh oTroig <MtfJLih.y\^dg j^ ct^rm^rcLg to- (rod- 
/ULOL, (iihTim idoiTQ' :^ "^ Y\V oKKodg (pihoTTOTng K^ otTciH](^ viavijK^. 

VMYI(rOLv}(^ 3, Kj TTOAhGdV OUTii^m \q{a^<T(U TOt W;CHT«£/{X, T«V OJKK-dg^i^- 

alm c!^tTn(T0Lfj9^(^, m tIw <pi7\0Tifj,iciv tcujtIw TroL^ix^?^^-^- ^'? 3 ^A- 
Qo^v cJm To S^anvov, olTkT^Iw ts (to^cjlpJlv g&(^. a^^(T)ii9o\>jtj , j^ •nohv^ix^^o^g 
om S^i cL^c^fxdTm n^^r^pi^iBpng Toig iWiS^rh x-ctAi^roLg tov qoV, Ov ttduj'- 

(THSy l(pr\y TOV iTOU§OV Od <t>OdKi, (^lOL(p^ei^0v]ct (Tii tIw vi)ilw J |3aAo^©-' jj 

vi }iOLB-o?\.ii fjLSTOL^nccu TO fx^p^Kiov cAL T' t^iouTng c/KHvng, dTtnyoL^fp dg 
AouiitS^aifxovoL) yij KaTifXi^i Tolg oiyofjS^jotg tIw Myof^iw oiyodyhuu Vio.- 
vi(rKoig. K^ T^To TaV 'AB-lwouag iKvnn^nVy odg v7rs^oeodvJ<^ k^ vTn^^p^ovQvJ^ 
Tflt oheia T» <^oiKim(^. dnov\(^ t^ AnfxoLS^ tt^V oujToVi Ti » Tret^o- 
fj^j w ^odKim, 'A^lwouag Tnv AaKmiKlw 7r^o(r<^i'^a<^ icoXiTaoLV 5 \aiv '^ 
(7v Kihdjng, hyod y^(pm k^ 7\iyav iToifxog eifjLi. Ucivv y^v, i(pn, ir^i- 
%|/«gi/ av (Toi, fLv^a to(tQtov o[pvli, ;tj x^afjLvS^a toidujtIw (po^Svli, (Tvfx- 
^ii7\Sjav 'A^lwaioig ^afet (^tAtTjwi/, ^ tov AvKQ^yov lircuveiv. 

T^-^aiil^^ '^^ 'A7\.i^oLV<^^ii fs^ Tein^odVy oirodg )>m<rei7\od(Tiv ouum^y 
'i^ T^ pnTo^m QVt^aij8{jm, -^ 3 ^nT^ng tov <t>oiKima Aiyetv KiK^^crng, Ak- 

y(d 

mundum cum.monilibus & torquibus often- mel ex ilk vita cxtraherer, abdaxit eum La^» 

difljet, Mihi, inquit,. Phocion mundus ceda:monera, Sc in contubernium dedit ado- 

«ft, vigefimum jam annumi dux Athenien- lefcentium qui celebrata illa patriadifcipHna' 

fis. inftituebantur. Id ofFendit populum Athe- 

Filio cupienti defultorem certare Panathe- nienfem, quafi Phocion inftituta defpiceret ^ 

naeisj.conceftit, non viftorije appetens, fed faftidiret domeftica. Cui quum dixiftet De- 

quo corporc exercitatus & meditatus evade- mades, Qiiin inducimus Phocion populum 

ret melior: fuit enim alioqui vinofus & dif- Athenienfem ut inftituta Laconica recipiat : 

folu.tus adolefcens, Viftori mukis pi^tentibus quod fi mihi autor fis, prjefto fum ad feren- 

cpulum vi£toriale prjebere, rejecit Phocion dam & fuadendam legem : Tibi vero, in- 

CKteros, atque uni haac munificentiam con- quit, admodum conveniat, tantopere unguen-- 

ceffit. Ut venit ad convivium, & cum ali- tum redolenti &chlamydem iftam gcrenti,de' 

um advertit.fiiftuofum. paratura, tum pedum conviviis Laconicis confulere populo Atheni- 

lavacra cx vino. cum aromatibus convivis ob- cnfi, & Lycurgum laudare. 

lata, appellato filio, Noa compefces, inquir, , Quummandaflet perliterasAlexanderutna- 

an^icum noftrum, Phoce, qyo minus vifto- ves mitterent fibi, obfifterent aurem oratores, 

riam, deformet^tuai»? Quo ayteija!: filjunvjur fecatus vero Phocionem fententiam rogaret : 

B b z Cenreo 



196 



<|j n K I n N. 



yob Tolvtw v/ul1v, eiTTiV, i) Toi^ oTThoig ^L^TiiVy « Tol,g )iP^TQ(n ^ihu; ^vou. 
TT^g 3 Tlv^ioiV d^x^i^ov itoTi Tr^mov zvlvfxctvav 'A^lwcuoigi «<^« ^a- 
Aoi^ ovJd K^ B-^.a-iw, Ov (TimY^deig, i(pYi, yy tcwtcl V2&)i/ht(^ uv t^ i^Yifxod j 
£77« 3 "K^7rui7\(^ jw5 ;^^«jaotrwv hoTkKuiv >^^^? 'AAg^avcT^i/, c/k •;^ 'K^ri- 
ag TM 'ArltJtM TT^^ri^aM, ^ -z^ eloii^oTm >c7o t» ^«ftctT©^ ?^f«it^c.T4(5o3!^ 

<^^/UL(^ Uv Kj cLfJLiXhCL (p^et^fJ^pOdV Tf^g CWTOV, TiiTOig f^ >C70 7roX7\QdV 
fJLU^ S^iMci^m TT^mCLTO J^ cTtjppi^j/g, TM Q <[>&);C<«I/f TT^^O-gTrg^^J/g cTicJ^iiV 

k-^cLv.o(TiaL TOLhavJa, Vj Tahha woivla, ;^ jw^ T^civJodv iouuTov m C4ieivct> (jlov(d 

<^^}iaTaTM(jS{j(^. 'ihTZKejLVOfJ^kS T^;^g&)? T^ ^OdKm^, o\(X(id^i^ TOV 

" KercaKov, ei fjLri ^ouu^rT) ha(p^^^m tIw mhiv, tots fjSf crvg-aheig dm~ 
$"«' (JLiT oxiyov ^>i7\Sjo\B{j(tiV 'K^lwcum, kod^ t»V jw^; ethyxpoTag Toi 
X^yif^aTa vra^' oujtQ, fXiTa^aKTKOfjLivag k, y.aTY\yoe,Qv\ag, 'iva fXYi (pavi^) 

'^'6)1/'^* (t>Od}iio^Va TOV fJLY\^iV 7\a^0v\a, fJ^ tS KOivQ (rVfJL<Pi^v\(^ CLfLa vi 

tIw cAteiva (TOdTY^e^av 'iv tivi 7\oyod TiB-ifjSfov.TfoLhiV iiv 'cjvix^dg cJm to 3-€- 
^TT^etv cMeivov, ouutov (jSp &)V i^vf/.a navlaxo^iv cLvcL7\odTov -ijsro t« Xi^~ 
(ria c^oS^Sjodv g&)'^* XaeAK7\ia o tov yafL^^v ouutQ 7romoLf^(^ (tiwyi- 
Bn itf (pi7\ov, <yi)inKY)(Ti d^ojn? noVYi^g, T^dvla 7ri9(^cdv k^ ^rdvJa Xi^A^'^ 



QMeiVOd. 



Kai cTw ■^ IlvBovimg t' iToi^g )>m^avii(rng, tw «;^gf "K^7ra7\(^ 'i^oSv, 
)i, S-vyaTeji^ii 7TaTY\^ o^ ouuTng yiyovi, fJLVnfLiiov >W ;^|'»^otT&)i/ 7ro7\7\oov 
^JhTi7\i(jou Bi7\))(rag, Tt^criTa^i to ^atf.v-hii tLuu cBifjLiheiav. b(rav q t«V 

VTTii^- 

Cenfeo igitur, inquit, ut vel armis vincatis, de ipfo confilium,advertit illos quiabfe num- 

vel viftoribus fitis amici. Aggredientialiquan- mos acccperant, faftos fibi adverfarios, ne dc- 

do Pythex priraumconcionem Athenis habe- tegerentur, oppugnare fe: Phocionem vero, 

re, homini jam loquaci 6c audaci, Non file- qui fe abftinuerat, cum bono publico fimul 

bis, inquit, idque quum novitius in populo aliquam etiam falutis fu:e habere ratioaem. 

fis? Poftquam Harpalus cum magna vi pecu- Igiturdenuo incumbens, captavit eum enixe: 

niae Alexandrum profugiens Atticam ex Afia verum omnibus circumfpeftis, advertit eum ut 

appulit, & concionalium hirudinum fuit cer- arcem, auro undique inexpugnabilem. Cum 

tatim concurfatio operasfuasei venditantium, Charicle veio ejusgenero confuetudinemSca- 

modicam his ille ex multis obtulit 6c objccit micitiam contrahens, quod credcrct illi om- 

efcam : Phocioni vcro per internuntios fep- nia, eoque in omnibus uteretur, conjecit eum 

tingenta talenta obtuiit, cietcraque omnia, & in pravam fufpicionem. 

cum omnibus femetipfum fidei ejus unius com- Sed &C Pythonicie merctrici defunftse, quam 

tnifit.Quumrefpondiflet afperePhocion,haud adamaverat, filiamque cx ea fuftulerat, quum 

Harpalum kturum,fi pergeret civitarem cor- Harpalus monumentum fumpiuofum loca- 

rumpere, ita in pra;fentia quievit moeftus. care vellet faciendum, Cjus rei dcmandavit 

Paulo poft quum haberet populus Athenicnfis Charicli curam. Hoc minifteiium per fe 

turpe 



* A K I n N. 197 

v-KHpyloM TdvTbjJ cL^w, Tr^oG-Kct-ni^twiV Tci(p(^ (nwTiNr.^(!\c. ^icti^jet 
^ iTi vtw h 'E^jULeto), « ^OLS^i^oi}^ Sl ctVg(^ «V 'EA^cr^i/ct, fM-nS^iv ^x^^ 
^ TtiLa.Kov\a. TCJLh.dvloiiV oi^iov, o(tcl t4 'A^TTciXco KoyiSrlwou <^cl(t\v dg to 
i^yov 'csjo T» Xcte/>tAsa?. yij fjSpToi »9 rgAc^rjiVotrlt^ ctJra, ro ncui^cLeAov 
VZOT ra Xae/iJtAgy? >^ r« i4)y./&)!/(^ civcL7\Y\(p^\v hvfxcLVs 7roicrY)g cJ^ifJ,i7\ei- 
oig. >iPj.voi^ii ^Toi ra Xcte^;iAga^ 0%' Tolg ' A^TraAeioig, k, ho^a (^oyi- 
^iiv ciVT^ Toi/ <i>mi(i)vciy j^ (rvveicri?^^fiv iU to S'iy.ci<f'/ie/ov, a;t «OsAncrsv, gj7r(i) f, 
'Ey&>' c^j <w Xagi^iAei?, (A' TToto-t rol? hA.cuoig ycLfj^^^v sTTomoifxluj. Tt^m^ 
Q 'A^lwcuoig ' AdKT^micLS^n r» 'l7r/Tctf;^5i rgj^cctvcw Tr^ocrct/V^Acti/l^^ 'AAgJ- 
avcTfoi/, jtjtSJJ A«^ctc^n? c4i8A<^(rg ^>i 7rfoo-e;^eiV TrctAoM y) oiv ohlw o(^eiV 
HKe,^ tIw okai^iw' Q (^mic^v lm^pS(jov o^£v ttpJ? to viCdTieiC^v tov 
^i]/j.ov, iTTet^To 7ra^nyo§eiv iu ytoLTix^^- oivoLnMii^ov q TToXhodV cBn. ro 
flyifjLoi, >i (hoodvlcdv oiM^yi tov ' A(rx.Xn7riciS'lw oiTroLfyiKXeiv, v^ Ti^vctvou 
TOJ» 'AAsJaV(^^ov, OvK^v, ^vnv, ei crijuLi^ov Ti^vwsv, k^ avejLov i<^ou, v^ eig 
reATlw Ti^VY\K(idg ; wVts Yifj.oLg cM na-vxi(x. ^nK^^raSil, fjLoiKKov q jmJ cL<r(pa~ 
TKeiag- 

'Q.g (P^^(^v cMi(rei(Tiv AiOd^mg tIw tioTkiv elg tov 'EK7\Iwi,kov tcoM- 
fjLOV, yi ra 0&)«.<'&)f©-' cj^t;o^€^oai/oi/1(^, «f &)Vc<. KaTayiT^odv, r/ TtiTioiYiMv ctya- 
B-ov tIuo 7co7\iV, Ity\ ToaavTa <^^T\)yuiV', 8 fjjK^v, l(py], to raV 7To7\iTag 
cv To^ M^ioig fjVY)fja(n B-oi^fJi^ 5 TroAAct ^^(rvvoy8{jii, ^ KOfj.7rci^ov}(^ 
CM T^ Sifjod r» Agi^c&^gj/y^-j tl^w^c/iaf, ot Aoyot cra, «Trgi/, ca fjei^Kiov, 

go<- 

turpc foedavit infuper fepulcrum abfolutum. cion ad res novas propenfum, conabatur eum 

Extat enim Sc hac setate in Hermeo, qua A- placare & frjenum imponere : verum quum 

thenis Eleufina itur: neque in eo triginta multi in fuggeftum profilirent, clamarent- 

talenta, quantam fummam expenfam tulifle que vera Afclepiadem attulifle & fato func- 

in id opus Harpalo autumant Chariclem, tum Alexandrum: Igitur fi hodie, inquit, 

compirent. Et vero etiam pofl; Harpali fata mortuus efl:, S<: cras erit & perendie morcuus. 

cdufta a Charicle & Phocione puella efl; & Itaque poteritis per otium 6c tutius deUbe- 

accurate habita. Vocaio tamen in crimen ob rare. 

munera ab Harpalo accepta Charicle, orantc- Pofl:quam autem Leoflihenes civitatem prx- 

que Phocionem ut praeflo eflet fibi, 8c in cipitem in bellum Gr^ecum diftum egit, at- 

judicio aflifl:eret: renuit, dicens, Ego te que indignante Phocione quaefivit per ludi- 

Charicle ad omnia honefta generura adfcivi. brium, quidnam fuo annorum adeo multo- 

Quum Afclepiades Hipparchi Athenas pri- rum imperio reipublics: profuifl^et .' Non pa- 

mus mortem Alexandri nuntiaviflet , nega- rum vero, inquit, quod cives in propriis fe- 

vit ei Dcmades credendum. JampriJem e- pulcris funt humati ? Quum ferociret & in- 

nim cadaveris fcetorem totum orbem fuifle folefceret Leofthenes ad populum, Phoci- 

occupaturura. Cernens vcro populum Pho- on, Oratio tua, inquit, adolcfcens cupreflTo- 

rum 



198 * n K I n N. 

STfOfj/oLTctg 6 'TTTseiJV}? n^6^Ty)(riVy IloTi ai/, &) (^moiVy cry^^iiA^«? tj-oAs- 

f^&iv 'A^lwcuoigi "Otclv, eiTnV) T^g f^ yiag Uu Tviv Tci^iv |2.aAojo6^W <^u- 

T^cLtIhv, t»V TAJicriW «V(pgf«f, raV ^ pnTo^g dnixi^ tQ KhiTflav to^ 

(^yijU,o(rici. ^cwiJLcL^ovloDV o TToKho^v tIw \pm tQ Aioo^ivng (riwnyfj^Uo 

(^twctjULiv, Tij tQ <Pu)Kia)v(^ 7rtw3-civofj9f(i)v TFOog ti wa^&(rKi^ct(^ S^okQctiv 

cuJt^, KctA&)?, 'i<pif}i n^§ to g-ctJ^iov' tov q J^oAf^^^of ra TroXijULii <po<^QjULoUy 

fjLnTe xs,^^^'^^ '^ TToKiOdg %Ti^., jbLnTi vouug, fjLYiTi onKlTct; s}^i^(rng. I^ol^- 

Tv^et Q oujTW ytj tol i^yoL. tt^c^tov f£f y^ Aeod^mg KoLfJLTT^g yj^B-^n roug 

7r^^i(riVj '^Ti Boiot>T\^ f^^X^ K^TYKTOig, li^ Tov. 'AvHttolt^ov d.g AoLfJLioLVi: 

(jvujiKcLdcjig. oTi v.cd (pa(ri tUv f^ ttoAiv, sATr/J*©-' jLteyoLMg '^ofjSplwt, 

kp^TOL^etv i^oLfyiKioL (TtwiX^?} >9 ^^^v Tolg (Bioig, tov q (^odMOdva, Tt^g 

THg i?\ifxeiv ouuTov oloi^ag, yy Trvv^ctvoi^ag gi tolvtol ^k,, av nS-iAiV olvt^ 

TTiTT^X^^» TTOtVU f/9/) BJ', i(pn' (li^iiMv ^OU Q QMiivO.. K^ TT.oiXtV dX?KCdV ilV 

aAAoi? SjcJifyi7\m y^(po\&^,m v^ (pieofj^odv >W ra <^^To%i^, 7rm 
ct^, (pcLVou, TTcwiToiuLiQoL vimvlig -, 

'E7r« tQ Ag(i)c9"iv«? "^^ou^ovK^j ol (po<^iifj^oi tov <i>cd}tioiivct, fjLn T^Tnyog 

QMTTifJLCp^eig KOLTOLKV(rn TOV TTOXifjLOV, oiv^^OdnoV TiVOL -^iiK. cMlCpOLV^V CA> bKKhn-r. 

(rici 7foL§iiTKdjoL(roLV civctg-oLvJoL Kiyetv, oti (pi7\(^ ^y tQ <i>cdKiodv(^ Kj (TVjLLTriipoiT^ 
Tyim^^..,^(^S^iy^i <Pii'^^.<^ tQ oLV(^iog,K^(pvKcioTeiV,ctigu,?^hQV,oj^o,kgy iijc^i^oyloLg'- 

iK7ri[JLr 

rumfimilis eft: hse enim grandes funt 8c cx- tem memprant magnifica giiftata fpq quo- 

celfa?, fed non ferunt fruftum. Ubi adortus tidie ex Ixtis nuntiis feftos dies egifle, at- 

eum Hyperides quEcfivit, Qj.iando igitur con- que Diis honorcm habuifle : Phocionem 

fules, Phocion, populo Athenienfi ut arma vcfcj ad illos qui fcj redarguere ipfum pu- 

capiat? Quum juventutem, inquit, videro tantes pofle, i-equirebant num h^ec non 

fervare ordines velle, divites conferre, orato- optaret fe fecifle? Omnino fane, dixifle, 

res asrarium non expilare. Quum multi co- vefun;i confuluifle illa, Aliis rurfus fuper 

pias ab Lcofthene confcriptas ftuperent, ro- alia l^tis mmtiis ex caftris fcriptis & alla- 

garentque Phocionem, quemadmodum in- tis dixifle: Qi.ia^do tandem dellnemus vin- 

ftructas putarct, Re<fte, infit, ad ftadium : at cere ? 

dolichum (curfus prolixioris genus) exhor- Qi^ium dcfunfto Leofthcne vereates ahqui, 

refco belli, quod neque flipendium civitati ne du,K ad exercirum Phpcion mi(rus pacem, 

aliudj ncque naves, neque milites fint. Afti- componeret, hominem, quendam fubornafr 

pulata eft autem ei res ipni. Primum enim fent obfcurum qui exfurgens in concione di- 

rebus geftis Leofthenes, fuperatis acie Bceo- ceret, quod amicus & 'condifcipulus eflet 

tiis 8c intraLami^e moenia reda£to Antipatro, Phocionis, moncre fe ut parcerent ei referva- 

fplendidus cffloruit. Qiio tempore civita- rentque, quum parem non haberent aliumj 

An- 



c|) ri K I n N. 199 

\ ^dm' TTdLpMv fpmidiv iKi-fp^fX^n <n)juL7ri(poiTmvai noTi t^ ctv^^t^ntis^ 
\ fmn dhhodg yiymvax yvt^eAH-^^ « (T^vn^if\g' 'AhAa, viWi dTrm ^ "^ 
' tfipn^Q^ v\(jLi^g v^ <P'm (Tt TfoiQ^ou ^ oUslov' a ^ /e^ ifm (Tvft(p^ov\^ 
(rvfjJ<>i^>i7\&jmg. (d^fJLY\i^m o t^ 'A^YWMt^v M W? Bof&r^V <F^T<^dv) 
Tte^TOV jwS^i) dvTiiX^' >9 T^l (pi?^m Xiyovlo^v, dg ^KT^^ayiiTdu iT^o(rk^^6dV rbiV 
'A^huuouQig, 'AS^img, «Trgi/, cti/ ttoj® ro a-y/>t4)gfoi/" (xv 'j (tff^^ouvB, S^modm- 
titei o^^v HX. (ZViivloLg, oihXoL (ioavlAg, cMiAdjin Toi Kfi^vxct cimTrilv) 'A- 
^YivaldiV r»V OLX^ i^movloL S'^ ci<p' «^n?, 7r«v]s Y\^i^m e-iTioL Aa^oj/lct^, 

^'duV OLKOhH^iiv "M '^ CAtKhYKrioLg. 5-Of J^8 TToAAg 'fpOfJLiV'^-, )g •j^" 7r^'g(r- 

^VTi^m ^oc^vJctiV }ij ciLV0L7rMvlc»)Vi Ov^h, l(pr„ htvoV 'sycd y^ ^^Ttiyo? 

6y(^0m0<70V tx^^ '^'"^'^ t<T0fJ,OU fXl^' V^^. ^ TOT^ fjkv ^Tm KOLTi^^OJUiriV 
aVT^g K^ fJ.iTi^CtMV. 

tlo^3-dlumg t' (^^f\iaLg xm yimm(^ (ivxvoig MoLKi^o(fi j^ fjt^oipo- 
§oig >^€gto»>£.or(^ iig '?aLfj.vQv]aj 3^ KctTcLT^ix^v]©-' tIxju x^&^'^-> <^nyoLyt 
Tif^ 'A^y^vctiag W olvtov. odg j) 7t^o(TTpx^^^'' cIxTkclx^^^^ ol7\7k(^ cTis?-^- 

TY\yiiVy )U (TVVi^'d7^.SjOV OLVT^ TOV 7\0(p0V K0LT0L7\0L^iiVi kst (^J^lTifJ.-^CU rsV 

i7f7fiOLg, cyjloLv^oL 7roL^ifj.^oL7\iiv, fl 'H^KXetg-, smev, (^g 7ro7<7\iig o^&) <7^ol- 
TY^y^g, o7\iyiig o f^rttoVa?. STTii o (^^TOL^av}(^ uvtS T^g 07r7\iTOLg, ilg 
TToAt) TF^ 'fiS ctAA&iv 7r^ori7\Qiv' ihot hi(TOLg, ctv}i90Lv}(^ oiv^^g 7rQ7\ifj.iii, 

7rci': 

Antiphilum autem exercitui prasficerentj at- excitata, vocifcrantibufque & exilientibus na- 

que id populus probaret : progreflus Phocion tu grandioribus, Quid vero mali eft, inquit ? 

demonftravit, neque fe unquam iftius condif- Ego dux annos natus o6toginta vobifcumero, 

cipulum, neque alias notum vel famiharem Ea oratione repreflit- & reflexit illos in pra:- 

fuiffe. Verum nunc, inquit, ex hodierno die fentia. 

amicitiam Sc neceffitudinem ineo tecum : quan- Quum verp ora maritima" a Micione, qui 

doquidera quae e re mea fint, confuluifti. Mo- ingenti manu Macedonum 6c mercenariorum 

lientibus bellum in Boeotios Athenienfibus in Ramnunta defcenderat, agerquevaftaretur: 

primum repugnavit, monentibufque amicis eduxit in eum exercitum Athenienfium. Ibi 

occifuros ipfum Athenienfes, fi eos pergeret alioatqueaUohinc indeaccurrentibus, inferen- 

ofFendere, Injuria, inquit, fi quod e republi- tibufque fe in partes ducis, & monentibus ut 

caeftfaciam: fin fecus, jure. Ubi eos videt illic tumulum occuparet, illic equicatum cir- 

nihilo remifliores, fed obftrepentes fibi, pro- cummitteret, hic fubfidiarios inter principia 

nuntiare juflit praeconi, ut Athenienfes om- locaret : Papse, inquit, quam multos duces, 

nes qui a pubertate intra fexaginta annos ef- paucos video milites! Ubi pedicum aciem in- 

fent, cum quinque dierum cibariis confeftim ftruxit, quidam longe ante figna provcdus, 

fe a concione fequerer>tur, Ibi magna turba mox, timore perculfus occurrentis fibi hoftis, 

retro 



20O * A K I n N. 

^K^XiKoiTTO^g-, i)V iToix^^'^ "^^ "^^ ^'^TnyQ, v^ nctXiv i(p' ^v (noujTov iTct- 
^ag ■■, ifx.^ci?\Odv Tolg itoXifxioig j^ kJ >c^t(^ T^&'^ctf^^, a.vTOv ts tov 
Mm(t)VoL K) TToAAaV ct'AA»f ciTriiileiViv. to q '^KhlwiKov cm QstJolXiol 9^~ 

T^jbLOL, (TVjULfJLl^OLvJf^ ' AvJlTTOLT^Ca AiOVVOLTH, >^ T^i" O^ 'Ao-jW Mct>tsJ^OJ/&)f, 
CMIKOL /LlOLXOfJ^OV' Kj AiOVVOLT^^ ^TTidiVi nyHfJ^ii '^ f^ (pOLAOLpy(^ 'Av- 
Tl(pi?\'dy '^ iTTTlim tS QiOTOLhH Miva)v(^. 

'Ohiycz) 3 v9^ov x^^V K^Ti^Q <hoL^oLv](^ cJ^ 'AcrioLg fJ^ ttoAAw? cfb- 

vdfJLiCidgi Kj ^Of^Yig TTOLKIV C4> K^VCdVl rZ^T0L^6Ci)g, ^Tli^^WOLV fjSp oi "EA- 

7\bjuig, iiTe fJLiycLhlw yitIolv, ^t^ no7\7\0dv TTicrovlodv' oLTrei^dci q Tr^g t«V 
d^X^^vloLg, cBietmg j^ viag ovloLg, y^ oifjLcL Toig TfoAeig olv^P^ 7ret^odv}(^ 'Av^ 
TtTTOLT^ii, S^ioLppvivlig, cui^ig^oL n^omoLvlo tIuj ihdj^ieAoLV' di^vg ^v cBri Toig 
'A^lwag aiyovl'^ tS 'AvltnoiT^d ty\v ^twoL(JLtv, oi {jS^ (^ AyifJLoSrivlw ;^ 
'T^aStiS^lutj cLmTOKoiymcLV qal t' noMcdg' /InfjLoii^m % fJL^SiV fjLi^(^ ^v uicpet- 
Ag x^^y-'^'^^^ ^^ '^^'' y^^^TUL^^i'^^''^ cAiJia-cu TH 7roA« ^twoif^(^ (^Kodm 
y^ iTfJoL y^.(p(xg (zf^vofAjOiv) xdi yiyovoog dTtfjLog, cJ^ei^yiTo t» 7\iym, 
dS^etav Sj^i^f^ TOTi, y^(pei -^ri^ptcrfxoL, mt •KifjLnet z^g ' AvHttolt^qv 
vTTS^ ei^mg Tr^icT^etg oLVTo>i^To^g. (po^nfj^ii q t» S^Yif^LH kol) y.oLK^vJ(^ 
^ooKioivoL, mi fiovct) 7rt<^djeiV cMeivco Xiyov}(^' 'Aaa' eiys cBii^^ofjLW, «- 

TTiV, hyOd (TVfL^ii7\SjOdV VfJLlV, iiX, (XV VVV i^HT^^OfLi^OL (S^ %^a.yfJLCLTOdV TOl- 

^T(t>v. aVft) 3 Ta "^Yi^pidfJLOLT^^ Sh}iv^od^iv\(^, d.'jfi'^ci7\Y\ T^^g ' AvHwcLT^oy 

retro ad ordinem fuum recepit fe : ibi, Non tates eorum Antipatro, dilapfi foediflime li- 

te pudet, inquit, adolefcens duos deferuifle bcrtatem prodidere. Ibi quum figna con- 

ordinesi & quo pofitus a duce fueras, & ite- fefliim movcret Antipater Athenas, Demo- 

rum ubi temet coUocafti ipfe ? Hoft;es ador- fthenes & Hyperides ceflerunt urbe. Dema- 

tus fudit fugavitque eos : ipfum Micionem des, qui nulkm partem ejus quanti lis ei je- 

cum mukis interfecit. Porro GrEccorum ex- ftimata fuerat, poterat folvere (quippe dam- 

ercitus in Thefl^alia junftos cum Antipatro natus fuerat quod rogationes feptem pro- 

Leonnatum IVI.acedonafque, tiui ex Afia vene- mulgaviflet adverfus legum interdifta) & no- 

rant, acie fudit : ubi pedites Antiphilus, Me- tatus infamia prohibebatur concionem ha- 

non Theflalus equites duxit : quo in prcelio bere, tunc vero poteftate fafta, legem roga- 

cecidit Leonnatus. vit, ut legati cum hbera poteftate ad An- 

Poft paulo, quum Craterus magnis copiis tipatrum mitterentur de pace. Verente au- 

ex Afia veniflet, fignis iterum apud Cranona tem id populo, Phocionem accerfente, at- 

collatis ca;fi funt Grseci : non magnam cla- que fidem illi uni fe teftante habere : At- 

dem tamen accepere, nec multi cecide- qui fi confiiiis, inquit, paruifletis meis, nunc 

re. Ac contumacia adverfus duces lcniores hifce de rebus non confuleremus. Ita lege 

6c aetate juniores, fimulque folicitame civi- perlata miflTus eft ad Antipatrum, qui habe- 

6 bat 



* n K I fl N. 201 

cvtH KctcTiU^ot 9^Tom<^djov}ct,}ij as^^TKSjcLrpiJjpoii ^(^v<; dg t1w''At]ikIw 
(iaS^il^iV- >ij tSto Tt^mov wV«, to i^ovIcl k^ X^&^'^ 7roi«Vflt<&^ ra? hci- 
Atlcr«?. r» 5 K^Tg^8 Aeyovl(^, 6)V « (^ikouol 7rei9« 0&);c<'(i)i/ «^a^, t^o) t^ 

(TVfJLIxdx'^^ ^ C^/AWI/ mOnjuV^^ X'^^^ KOLKSg TTOmVj S^tWCtf^pa; QM T' '^ 
TioT^ifJiiodV Ul(pi7\ii^-, 7\Ct^0[^(^ CUUTH T' S^i^ioiq ' Kv\i7UCLT^(^y AoTiOVy 
^TTiV, ^OdKicidVi TOLUtIw tIw X^^^' ^^^ '^ O-hhCdV QAiixdjfreV CWTolg 

(MiT^iTTeiv T«V 'A^lwcdagy utdm^ b) Aafjda. Ai(jdSfiv€i hKiivov. 

'Ctg Ji/ i7raM7\^iV 6 <i>mia)V eig a.<rv, k^ Tolg 'A^lwouoig to cwto eJ^o^gi/ 
vV dvoifKyig, aJuB-ig «V Gn^ag l^di^i^i fJLiTa t^ aKXcidV 7r^i<r^i0dv, Bivo- 
K^TY) Tov <piM(ro(pov i^ 'A^huuaioav 7t^i7\oi^(idV. TO(T^Tov yj Iw d^ionfxa 
TY\g d^iTfig r» ZivoK^Tng j^ S^o^a v^ Xoy(^ a^^ 7vd(TiV, oi(TTi oii^ fMn~ 
Ts v^ZAV dvcu, fjLnTs. odjULOTnTa, fJLYiTi S-vfjLov ov dv^^ot^Trivy) '^vx^ Cpvo^ov, 
«y BiVOK^Tng /uLovov o(p^iv](^ «V ctv cd^^g ti -^ TijULyig If^oiTo 7r^g ouu~ 
Tov. aVgioJi 5 Tiivaviiov, dyvoiifjLoiTtwn Tm y^ fjL^(Taya^ict t5 'AvlmaT^H. 
TT^OdTov |w9/] y) «X. Yi(md(TaTO Tov c,£Vok^t!w, TtiV dx7\^g cl^g^J4)crajuo^(^* 
\(p' « (Pa^Tiv etVai^ ketfoj/ dg 'AvltWT^(^ KaX&g Troiet, fjLovov cwtov cu- 
yyjuoiAp©-' gcp' ot? dyvufioveiv fjLiAAei Tr^g tIw TCoT^.iV. 'i^reiTa 7\iyeiV otf- 
^di^ov ^x ''^iw9/J&)v, ctAA' di/]iK^>dCdv y^ <^v(TKo7\cdvot)V, 's7roin(Tiv "^hiOTm- 
7TY\(Tax. -^ 3 (^^ Tov ^(iJKma J^tctAs^j/Osvl&i/, dTizKZJLvaTo (pi7\iav i(Ti^ Tolg 
'A^nvaioig k^ (TVfifjLaxiav, ki^sct ju9/) t«V ^sfei AnfJLo^mv j^ 'TTrse/cf^t/, 
7ro7\iT(^ofAlJOig o t/m) 7rdTej.ov >W TifjLnfjLaT^ 7ro7\i,Teiav, h^a^^oig ^ 

bat in Gadmia ftativa,paratus mox in terram vel excandefcentiam ut exiftere in animo hu- 

Atticam movere. Primum poftulavit hoc ut mano exiftimarent nullam, cui non ex Iblo 

illis in caftris manens pacem fanciret. Ubi Xenocratis afpedtu rubor aliquis & reveren- 

Craterus iniqua fremuit ab ipfis Phocionem tia ejus fubiret. Enimvero plane contrarium 

poftulare, ut confidentes ibi & amicorum fi- evenit ob improbitatem Antipatri & virtutis 

nes vexarent, quum deprsedari liceret hoftiles : odium. Nam primum complexus alios non fa- 

apprehenfa Antipater dextera ejus, Dandum, lutavit Xenocratem. Unde dixifle aiunt il- 

inquit, Phocioni hoc eft beneficium. De lum, re£te facere Antipatrum :qui indignitatis 

cseterisimperavitutAthenienfes ipfispermitte- caufa, qua civitatem Athenienfem ftatuerat 

tent, ficut Lamiae Leoftheni voluerant ipfum, afficere, unum fe erubefceret. Deinde dicere 

Itaque ut reverfus in urbem eft Phocion, & exorfum non ferens, fed interpcllans Sc in- 

compulfi neceflitate Athenienfes id compro- fenfus, orationem ejus prcccidit. Quum ve- 

baverunt: profeftus iterum Thebas eft ad- ro difleruiflet Phocion, refpondit amicitiam 

junftb ab Athenienfibus inter legatos caete- 8c fcedus le cum populo Athenienfe faftu- 

ros Xenocrate philofopho. Tantum enim vir- rum his conditionibus: ut Demoithenem & 

tutis Xenocratis erat nomen.apud omnes 8c Hyperidem fibi dederent, rempublicam mo- 

opinio & celebritas, infolentiam vel feritatem re veteri ex cenfu tradarent, prcefidium in 

Vo L. IV. C c Mu- 



202 * n K I n N. 

Tl(ra(riV, ol |wSJu ai' ctAAoi -K^i^r^eig YiycLmTctv dg (piTKav^^OdTrng Ttig (^ioLhv- 
a-eigj t^TkIw t» EiVOK^r^g. i(pY) ^, cdg ^ HTKoig, fjLiTeJiu>g ux^<^ Tof 
'AyJiTTciT^v' cog q hhSj^i^ig, ^ct^ici^g. ra o 4>a)xjwv(^ rt^tT«jt4oa T/te) 
(p^a^v Kj J^iOfJ^a, ^^^yQ "^^^ 'AvJiTrcLT^v eiTreiv, 'fl 4>Wa)v >)|U,«? Traillot 
croi 'xj^^'Ci^cu (^nMfjLs^a, Ti^hlw t^^ xcw o-g ^^mX^ivlm j^ Ji/ita?. ol 3 «;^ 

^Vii)? (^Ct(7ll', OtAAot i^CdTTKTCU TOV ' AvHt^CLT^V H tIw (p^H^V CLViv\(^ OLUT^ 
TOI? A^YiVCUOig, <i)()ii)licdV ifyvCiTCU TVtV TTOAtf ifXfJ^iiv TYJ H^m, JC, fJLn^lv 

7ro7\.v7r^yfj.ovri(reiv' (TiOdTrodvi^^ ^ imva k^ <^ictfjLiKhov\(^, clvamS^^rcLvJct 
KahAifii^ovla Tov Kct^^ov, civ§'^ B-^(rtw kou fii^roi^YifjLov etTnlv, 'Edv 
3 Jt(^, 6j 'AvJiTTaT^i, (pKva^, (Tv ni<^dj(7eig, kcu a Tr^^eig ct iyvoaKag', 
OvTCt) fjLiv iH'^av\o (p^a^v MaKi(^ovoov 'A^nvcuoi, kcu Mivvhhot/ nyifjLo- 
na, 'z^^ cBieiKSv Tiva, kou tS ^ooKi(t)v(^ cJ^Tn^eiOdv. i(poLVYj q v7r€^n(pavo$ 
To TT^^TTayfJLa, kcu fxaXhov cJi,iiG-iag v^^h x^^f^''^^'^ cBiS^ei^i^, » vr^y- 
(LLOLTC^JV hiKa yiyvofim KaToihn-^ig. a fUK^v 3 to TrcL^ei Tr^oiri^miv kou- 
^g. eiKcii^i y:> n (p^^ Bon(^§ofiiiSv(B^ d(rnx^n, fJUJ^eJiOdv ovlodv, n tov "laK- 
^of o^ ctV^©-' 'E7\(^j<jivah T^ifjLiiiidiv. (i<^i ■^ TihiTYig (Tvfxy^^^ng dvoLho- 
yi^it^cu T«V TToAAsV 5^ Tci Tv^id^vTip^ T^ S-eiodV Jt, Tct 77^o(r(paTa. Troihou 
^ yb QJii Tolg deA^^oig ^^Tvx^nf^adiv Tag fj.v^iKcig o-^etg kou (poiivdg c^^ 
'^i^cu (Tvv iKTThn^ei Kcu 3-dfi^ei -p^/^ TToMfiiodv' vvv 3 Tolg ouJTolg k^oHg Tct 
sTtiyg^gVctTct TTctOn -^ 'EAActj^©^ (^(TKoireiV t»V €)e^g, kcu Ka-Sv^ceAl^i^ou 

TOV 

Munychla acciperent, praterca impenfas belli confiliis difcedcs tuis? 
& mulftam pcndercrtt. Has conditiones prae- Ica prsefidium AthenienfesMacedonum ac- 

ter Xenocratem alii legati ut benignas laeti ceperunt, & Menyllura ducem, modeftum 

accepere. llle autem moderate ait Antipatrum virum. & Phocionis neceffarium: quod im- 

«t cum fervis, uc cum liberis duriter egifle. perium fuperbum vifum eft, & conturaeliofsc 

Phocione autcm prxfidium detrc6l"ante & de- iiccntiae potius oftentatio quam utilitatis cau.- 

precante, fertur Antipater dixifle, Omnia fa occupatio. Non parum autem exaggera- 

Phocion parati fumus tibi indulgere, exceptis vit ipfa tempeftas calaraitatem : quippe die 

iis qux & te & nos perdent. Alii non ita, menfis Boedromionis vigefimo prscfidium in- 

fed interrogaiTe autumant Antipatrum, vellet- greflum eft myfteriorum folennibus, quo die 

ne Phocion, fi pracfidium remififlet Atheni- lacchum ex,urbe Eleufina deducunt. Itaque 

cnfibus, fponfor effe foederi civitatem ftatu- confufo fiicro multi reputaverunt £c quae oUm 

ram, neque quicquam mohturam novi ? Ta- fic qua; nuper divinitusacciderant. Ohmenira 

ccnte & cun6tante illo, Calhmedonta Cara- fceundiflimis rebus fpeftravifaSc auditasvocea 

bum, audaccm hominem & Hberis populis hac celebritate cum ftupore 6c tremore ho- 

infeftum, exiliifle cum hifce diftis, Quid fi ftium : nunc iifdem facris acerbiflimos Gr«- 

hic dchreCj Antipatcr, tu credcs ei 2c a cia: cafus Deos afpiccre, poUuique facratifli- 

mum 



• 4> A K I n N. 203 

Tov dyKidTcirov tQ Xt^^^ i HS^is-ov cwrolg iTrc^vvfjLov -^ fjnyi^m KcLm.v 
•^oju^^of. TT^Ti^v ijS{j ^v oKiyoig iTiTiv ;^f «(T/ttoi' ol^lwifmv cu Aodi^avi- 
hg r« 7roAe<, toL oLK^cdTrie/.oL -^ ' A^TifJLii'^^ (pvT^aruVy o-Kdag a.KXoi /LLYi 
7\jci'tm\.v' TOTi fsfet Toig rijULi^g cMetvoLg cu tcuvIcu (j8{j, cug (Z^iKiTlHTi 
Tclg fJLvg-iyAg KoiroLgy (^oLTflofjSfJcu S-oi-^ivov oivu (poiva^ X^^^^-^ ^ vi^coS^ig 

dvtwifKOLV. /bLUQOV IWy TOi iZ^^OLTfiofJ^OL 'P^ ]^l(x)TimV TTCLvloL TO 71^<T- 

))Kov oiv^(^ i^iv. /jLvg-lw Q AiiovloL ;^oi£/J\oy cv kol^ol^c^ A<,u3/ii ;c«T©-' (rvv- 

i?\OLl^ii y^ TOL KoiTCt) fJLi^Y) tQ (TC^fJLOLT^^ oix^ "^ KOiAia? mTinii' Ti^hiK- 

vtwT(^ ouuToHg tS ©2« CpoLVi^cSg, oti t^ KCLTCti ^■7^^'^ S-oL?^cton) <Fi^Yi^iv~ 
rs^, tIw oivod TTohiV (^ioL^pvT^oi^n^nv . »1 jw9/) ^i/ (p^^^ <^^cL MivvKhov acTg!/ 
moL(rev T^g oiv^^odTr^g. '^ q ^^-^^ncpii^ivlcfiv tS 7ro?\iT<^iuLOLT(^ J)ol mvicLV, 
vme, fJLveJii^g »9 (^i^iKiag •^of/S/iiwi', olVg fjS^Jovlig i^oKnv ^nT^ioL Kj aiTi.fjLOL 
noiyeiV, oiTi S^ioi tSto tulv 7ro?\iv c4i?\i7rov}ig, Kj fJLiTOL^cLvlig eig Q^clkIw, 
'Av)t7rotTf a ylw kcu 7ro?.iv ouuTollg (^^<^ov](^, iK7ri7ro?\io^Ky)f^oig hcoKioroLV, 
'O Ay]fJLoSriViig cv KoL^^oLveJicL Xy 'TTTsgiiTii ^r^jg K^KiCdVcug B-clvolt(^, 
c^ UiV b) ctAAoib fZtfe^ysy^TT^, fxovov^K i^odTOL K^ Tio^ov 'A^lwouoig 'AAsJ- 
CLvS^^a ii <I>tAt7r7ra 7rcte/V«. y^ tQto oVgf uVs^^v dvau^i^iv\(^ 'AvliyovH Kj 
T^' dvi?\ov]cdV heivov d^^cLiJ^cdV (iid(j^ jt, Auyreiv T^g dv^^cdTV^g, dvn^ 
cLyp$iK(^ cv 4>^uyja x^^^^ o^vrlcdv 7n;0oju9/ja Tivog , tl yroieig j ^ivd^ag, 
'Avliyovoh HTSiv, ^y\TU>' t^to TroAAoI? iismt ?\iyeiv , (S^iCLfjLvrifJLovdjn^n tov 



cAiei' 



mum tempus iifque acceptifllmum, a quo no- erunt cenfi inter cives, quorum fuit nume- 

men raaximx clades trahant. Siquidem pau- rus fupra duodecim millia, hi partim, fiqui 

cis ante annis fortes dederant civitati Athe- remanebant, magna injuria & infamia vide- 

nienfi Dodonides, ut promontoria Dians cu- bantur affici : partim, qui idcirco exceflcrant 

ftodirent, ne occuparent ea extranei. Tunc urbe atque inThraciam tranfmigraverant, ubi 

circa dies illos fafcije, quibus myfticos le£tos eis Antipater agrum & oppidum dedit, fimiles 

redimiunt , tin£l;E colorem retukrunt pro apparebant expugnatis & cxterminatis. 

puniceo pallidum & luridum. Et, quod mi- Jam Demofthenis in Calauria, 5c apud Cleo- 

raculum augebat, privata omnia qu£e una nas Hyperidis fatum,de quibus aliis locis tra- 

fuerunt infefta, colorem convenientem acce- ftavimus, tantum non amorem & defiderium 

pere. Myftam porcellum lavantem cetus in fubjecit Athenienfibus Alexandri & Philippi. 

liquido portu corripuitj imafque corporis Atque id quod interfeciro poftmoduin Antigo- 

partes ad ventrem ufque devoravit : porten- no, ejufque interfe£toribus homincs exagitare 

dente illis clare Deo ipoliatos parte urbis ima & fxtigare occipientibus, rufticus quidam, a- 

& mari adjecta, fupernam fervaturos. Ac grum in Phr^^gia fodieris, quum rogaretur a 

prjefidiura quidem ob ducem Menyllum nihil quopiam quid ageret, fufpirans, Antigomum, 

cives oftendit: qui vero ob egeftatem^ non fu- inquit,qu£ero:hoc, inquam,mukis rubiitdice- 

C c 2, re 



204 * n K I n N. 

hK€imv 'P^ (^ci(Ti7\im S-vjllov, &)V to fjLiyct k^ ^vduov ^Ttae^ouTmov «p^oK, 
>iX Oda-TTi^ 'AvliTrctT^^, IJ^mth 7r^(ra7ru)j k^ (pcvjKoTv^Ti ;:^Aot^iU(^/», v^ ^i- 
oUTYig SjTih^ct mTei^m^oiSf(^ tIw c^«cr/oti/j gTra^Oke^©^ riv Tolg ttol- 
^acnv, KoDiog hcmoTY\<; ?^ tv^vv^. ofjiOd? J" a;/ o <t>miGdV iy (pvyyig oiTrnA- 
7\cf.^i iTo7\K^gj hn^eig ra KvliTrdT^ii' k^ (pSjy^<Ti (^HTr^^ctTo, fXYi m^di- 

TTi^ ol hOlTTo) 7^0" (JLi^l<^CLlBp(idV VTTS^ TOi Ks^CoJviOL O^Y) ;^ TOV ToUVOL^V k)t- 

7ri<retv -^ 'EAAacT©^, otAAct c^ UihoTrovvYKrci) mToimv ^v Xj 'Ayvoi)vi(hig y\v 

6 (TVKOCpOLvjYjg. cBjfjL€?\0fj8{j(^ Q' 'F/^ K^ TYJV TTOMV Tr^CLOdg K^ VOfJiifJLCdg, 7»? 

I^ OL<^eiiig K^ X'^^^^'^'' ^ '^^'' (^^X'^^^ '^^ (Tujueix^v' raV 7roKv7r^y. 

fJLOVag KCU Vi(t)TieJL<FOLg, CUJTW "^ f^^ d^X^^' f^"^^^ S-O^V^oeiv ^^<MfJLOL^OUV0- 

fjLivagy hi^iSa^iv (pi?\ox(ii>^eiVy kcu ciytmdiv ys(t)^yQi/]oLg. o^av q tov "Eivo- 
k^tIw t^aQvIol to fJL^Toimov, k^iiXiTO y^^^^cii ^ToXiTluj' i) oi^rei^re, (p^- 
crag iiK dv fJL^Td^eiv TOVTYig t^ -^ohiTc-iOLg, (^ rig S7r^icr<^<^iv 'ivoL fJLYi yL 
nTcu. 

TS MiVVTKKa (^CO^iOLV CWTC^ KOU X^^I^OLTGL hS^Ovli^, CL7riKeJ.VCtT0 fJLY\T 

iKeivov ' AXi^dvS^^a, ^i7\TiovaL mou, fj,Y)Ti K^eiTiovoL tyjv outiolv e(p' « A«'4/g') 

VVV, 6 TOTi fJUn A^GLfjSfj(^. CL7\h(ji <^(idKOi yi 7ry ^VOuS^i 7\CLCeiV S^iOfliVH tQ 
MiVV7\7\ii, <l>O^K(zl fJLiV, HTTiV, SCtV fJLiV (TOd(p^OVn fXiTOL^^OiAXdf^©^, d^Ki^Tei 

Td T« 7roLT^g' odg d"' ix^i v^:> ^'^si/ Ikcjlvov Wiv. 'AvlmdT^c^ Q T^;^uVg- 
^v d^iiKtivoLTo, flii7\ofjiiv(t) t\ yive^ iSi clvtQ t^ f/,yi 7t^i7rdv\odv' Ov dV- 

re in memoriam illorum regum revocanti- honoribus non forent, nec folicitare poffent 

bus animum, quam celfum, generofum, fi- ftatum civitatis, marcefcentes docuit libenter 

mulque placabilem babuinenr, non ficut An- rufticari &c agros colerc. Xenocratem quuin 

tipater: qui privati perfona & chlamydis vi- videret penfionem ut inquilinuni pendere, in- 

litate 6c vita: frugalitate potenriam fuam ftituit eum in civitatem adfcribere. Quod ille 

diflimulans, durior erat illis quos opprime- abnuit, nolle fe dicens in civitatem accipi e- 

batj teter dominus & tyrannus. Attamen am, pro qua legatus fuerat ne conftitueretur. 
Phocion cum multos precibus apud Antipa- Munus fibi Menyllo S<. nummos oiFerenti 

trum exilio liberavit, tum exulibus impctra- refpondit, neque ipfum Alesandro prieftan- 

vit ne, ficut reliqui qui crant trans montes tiorem, neque meliorem efie caufam quare 

Ceraunios 8c Ttcnarum fummoti, cxtorres ef- nunc cnpcret, qui tunc non accepiflet. At 

fent Grascia, fed fedes collocare in Pelopon- ut Phoco fih'o faltem caperet rogante Mc- 

nefo pofTentrex quibus Agnonides fycophan- nyllo, Phoco, inquit, fi mutata vita ad fru- 

ta fuit. Curam gerens placide & legitime gem redeat, fufficiet patrimonium ; ut autem 

eorum qui in urbe erant, bonos & modeftos nunc fe gerit, nihil ei fatis fit. Antipatro 

retinebat in magiftratibus perpetuo : curiofos vero refpondit afperius aliquid, ab ipfo con- 

tc novarum rerum cupidos, eo ipfo quod in tendenti quippiam minus honeftum. Nempe 

non 



4> a K I n N. 205 

'AvJkcLT^v ouuTov (iiTuv Agyao-ti/, &)V S)jiiv ojut^ (pih&iv 'A^bm^riv ovlodVj 
^mimog j^ AYiiLtcLi^ii, tov ySp hcL^eiv «' nineiiLiv, toi/ q J^ic^aV »x g/^- 
TTiTTT^imv. K^ fjSfjTOi (^mlodv fjS{j (idg cL^iThjj im^a)ivvTo tIw nmcLVt cy 
M TOfTcwTcim 'A^luJcum 9^Tr)yYi<Tctg v^ (icL(TiA6G(ri (pixoig x^^^^^l^P^ ^7- 
mTiyY\^(ri' Ai^jLict<^r)g o i^ TrAiiTO) j^ cz^vof^/J' QMcLXhai7ri,lj,T0. vofMH ^;^ 
ovjQ-' 'A^hwJYi^Ti TOTi, fJLYj x^§^^^ ^ivov, « ;^<A/ot^ ^^Tivetv Tov ;\^o^>iyoV, 
oL7rcLvlot.g d(TCLyoLym ^ivag t«V ;:^o^<^'oi/7ctf, kotToi; ofe, aVot ?^ tLuu l^ijuii- 
oLV oivoi ;^tA(cc? vvrl^ kaoi'^^ ei^rlwifziv dg to ^^clt^v. AvifAa. 3 tw i)(i) vvfjL- 

(plw oiyOfJ^(^, 'E/U.Q f^, ^TTiVj Ca TTOUy tIvU (tIw jULriTi^. ycLfJL^vl^ 8cf| 

yHTODV yj^iTo' Toig 3 (Toig- ycLfioig k^ ^cL^riAfig k^ ^iwci^ca (Tvf;^o^ny^(riv. 
cvox^iivJ&^v Q 7^ ^mimi 'P^ ' A^hjJcJum-> onoig d7rcL7\7\(i^Y} tIkj (^^a^v 

7r€i(T0Lg TOV 'AvliTrcLT^V, ilTi jJLYj TT^^rt^omV 7rei(TaV, iiTS IULDLA?\0V O^OdV (TOd^ 
(P^vQvlcL TOV (^niULOV KCU TTOTKlTSjOfBpoV djTCLxJodg (^iOL TOV (pO^OV, QAieivlw 
f^ OLH (^M^fiTO TY]V TT^i^rCeiaV, TCL X^^!^^'^^ ^^ TTO^TleiV , oihAoL 

fjLiKheiV j^ clvcl^cItkXi^cu tov 'Avli^rcLT^v i7reiTsv. jULiTOL^oivJig Jv Ayi^xcL- 
S'lw 7ra^iy.oihiiV. q 7r§oS-v jULOiig U7re$-«j Ttj tov tfof 'ix^^ oiTrn^iV eig Ma- 
'/.ii^oviav, '3sd (^ou/uLovdg Tiv(^, &)V toiKiV, eig tSto kcu^Q KOjULi^eig, cv w 

KCLTeiX^TO fjSf) ' Av\i7raLT^(^ Y\S^Y\ VQ(TOd, Y.CLOT OLV ^^(^ Q T^ Vt^yfJLoiTOdV ly- 

K^TYig yeyovoog, iv^iv cMiTohYiv AYifjLoiS^ii yiy^Lif^jlw 7r^g 'AvJiyovov 

non valet, inquit, Antipater me fimul amico trenl tuam fili ducerem, ne vicinus quidem 

uti & adulatorc. Ipfum referunt dixifle An- fcnfit : ad tuarum vero nuptiarum fumptus 

tipatrum, duos fibi efle Athenis amicos, Pho- conferunt etiam reges &c dynafta:. Quum 

cionem & Demadem : alterum horum ut Phocionem obtunderent Athenienfes, ut An- 

quicquam capiat non pofle inducere, alterum tipatrum induceret ad removendum pra;fidi- 

dando non implere. Et fane paupertate Pho- um, vel quod non fperaret fe eum adduftu- 

cion, ut virtute gloriabatur, in qua, licet rum, vel quia modeftiorem popuhim videbat, 

toties dux Athenienfium fuiflet 8c regum u- & moderatius agentem ob metum, femper 

fus amicitia, confenuit : Demades vero divi- rejecit illam legationem : fed pecunix exac- 

tiis fibi placebat vel per nefas conquifitis. tionem ut produceret & prorogaret, perfua- 

Quippe quum Athenis id temporis lege cau- fit Antipatro. Ita Demadem, reli^to eo, ro- 

tum eflTet, ne faltaret pcregrinus, aut mille gaverunt: qui rem fufcepit libenter, trahenf- 

drachmas choragus mulftam folveret, omnes que filium fecum perrexit in Macedoniam, 

peregrinos faltatores centum numero exhibu- divinitus haud dubie illuc attradus eo arti- 

it, fimulque mulftam pro fingulis in thea- culo quo Antipater jam morbo tenebatur; 

trum attulit millenas drachmas. Demeae fiho & Caflander rerum potitus, epifliolam repe- 

uxorem defpondens, Quum cgo, inquit, ma- rit Demadis in Afiam ad Antigonum exa- 

r-i- 



2o6 * A K I n N. 

(U 'Aorjai/, (t^xaAyv](^ cwtov Shfpctmcu rolg (s^ r«f 'EX^ctcTot y^Ma- 
xi^ovm, m Tta.Kou^ j^ o-otTTfa ^if^cti^oig <Frif/.ov^' tov 'KvlinctT^ov aVfti 
(rxw-vj^oti?]^^. 6)? «i/ ahv DUJTov d<piy(^ov 6 iLdorcuiSe^^ crtoigAot^g, )^ 
-n^mcL fJ^iJ Tov viov sfyvg TF^ooLyctyc^v 7rfogo-(|)a|gfj wVg KOLTOiS^i^oL^ To7g 
:io7\7roig to cufxci tov TrctTi^, j^ KOLTctTrXYi^rtvcu tS (pova' fA$ tcujtol % 
eig dx^^^^^ioLV ouutov k^ Tr^oS^oQ-ictv TioKXd. 7\oih^v\(TOLg -^ icotB-vQeJicroLg 

dTTiKJeiViV. 

'Etth q 'KvliTroLTe,^-, ^Sm^H^OLg TloT^vm^x^vJct <^^Tnyov, KdoroLvS^^ov 
XiT^loL^X^^Vf cJ^iKmiv' dj^vg (^ioLVOL<^dg o Kdoravt^^^ j^ Tr^oKOLTCJLhaLfJL- 
^dvm Td Tt^yfJLOLTOLj TrifjLTrei k^ t^x^ NtKdvo^ to MgfuAAw S^id^o- 
X^^ "^ (pv?.0L^X^0Lg-> vreAv iKS^riMv tov 'AvltTrdT^a B-dvoLTov -j^i^cu, KihSj^ 
{TOLg Tnv Mavvxictv ^z^^Act^eli'. '^of/9^'a o raV», k^ fJLi^' rifii^g o^Iyotg 
TTv^-ofjSpddV T^" 'A^lwoii(t)V oTi Ti^VY]m 'Av]i7roLT§(^, cv cdTicug <^micdv 
Yiv, K^ KOLmg YiKHiV, dg 7t^ocuSro0p(^, -^ >iotTOL(ri(id7ri^(roLg, ^i^cte-tTt tQ Nt- 

XOtVO^©-'. Q TiiTOdV f>6^U iiK ilp^vli^iV. CvJvfxdvm tJ NtJdOtfoe/ Jt, (S^IOL- 

Ts.iyofj^©-', etgn TdXhOL To]g 'A^lwouoig 7r^a.ov ouutov j^ Kix^f-^f^ov 
TTOL^HXih >9 (pihonfxioLg Tivdg iTt&idi v^ ^cLTrdvoLg \:m9hou. 'jlpofjSfJov dycd» 

VoB-iTUv. 

'EV TiiTCd 3 Ky HohVT^i^X^^ ^^^ '^^ ^Ctdlhiodg oBlfJLiKeiOLV iXm V(p' OUJ' 

t1, k^ Karci7ro7\iTSjo!^(^ rov KdoroLV^^ov, iTTifJL^^iv g7r<?-oA«i/ Tolg cjd d^H 
yiy^fjLfBj)ljuij, c^g t5 ^OL(ji.xiodg ^hnS^ii^ov]^^ ouurolg ty\v S^nfJLOKo^riciv, Kcd 

TfO- 

ratam, qua illum incitavit ad impcriumGr^- getur, accipere Munychiam. Eo fn€to quum 

cia; Macedonisque afferendum, quod ex ve- paulo poft nunciatus Athenienfibus' eflet 

tere & marcido ftamine fufpenfum eflet. Ita Antipatri exitus , in crimen Phocion vo- 

enim in Antipatrum erat cavillatus. Quem catus eft, objeftumque ei quod quum ef- 

ut Caflander confpexit advenifle, prehendit fet ea de re faftus certior, Nicanoris era- 

eum. Ac primum admotum ei filium inter- tia reticuiflet. Enimvero nihil hic ifti 

fecit, ut cruorem pater acciperet finu, eo- eft moratus, fed agendo cum Nicanore 

que commacularetur : dcinde ingratitudine & & colloquendo, cum aliis in rebus faci- 

proditione ei acerbe exprobrata, probris la- lem eum Athenienfibus 6c benignum pnc- 

ceratum interemit. buit, tum ut munus quoddam prsbc- 

Antipatro autem, quum ducem creaflet ret, fumptumque fubiret ludis edendis indu- 

Polyperchontem, & Caflandrum tribunum xit. 

militum, defunfto, mox properans Cafllinder Inter hajc Polyperchon regis curs prsepo' 

occupare dominatum, Nicanorem propere fitus ad circumveniendum Cafl*andrum fcrip- 

mittit priefefturx Menyllo fucccflbrem, ju- fit Athenicnfibus literas : quibus comineba- 

betque ei, antequam Antipatri exceflius vul- tur, regem eis rcmpub. popularcQi reftituere, 

ju- 



* n K I n N. 207 

•KOKn&Ji^OU K^ Tci •KCLTe^CL TTCLvlctg 'A^lwoUH^ M7\SSoy\<^. Iw Q tStQ ^ 

T» <I>6)x/&)j'(^ c^^aAn'. (rva-A.i^a^ofJo{j(^ '}B «V ^cujtov, &)V iulik^v v<rsp^y 
t^H^i Tolg l^yoigy HoXvni^x^^ ^^ Trohtv, li/sj/ «ATTK^g 7rg^cMV«i', jU,») 
r« <Pmm(^ calttsg-ovJQ-'' cMmo-^^ ciitti^oi/, a.jbLcL t^ ctTrs-J/n^j^TjwS/iwv 

ShX^^^^'^''' '^^ 7rO?\lT€iCi, Kj licLhiV TO ^YifJiCL S^nfJiCJLyOdy&V KCLTCJL^Ov\(tiV JiOU 

(rvKoCpoLV^^ \:m}iiviif^m q Tr^g tcujtcl t^ ^K^huucuodv, |2>^Aojl^(^ c*- 
Typ^eiJ' cujTolg 6 NWrwf cm» n«fo««, |2>aA«V 'j^ofiSfng TraenA^iv, iw ^oi- 
xlm hjLL7rt<rdja-oLg to a-oofjLoL- Ag^xyAAa ra cPn t? X^&^'' '^^Tny^ <tv7\- 
T^cL^iiv oujTov c^^i^w^nVrti/IC^, cmiv(^ jioyj 7r^cuc^oi^(^ cJ^iirni^Yia^iV} >^ 
(|)avg^V ^ <A>'fiyV dfxwu^i^^^ tIw TroAiV. q <I>6jk(&)J', ci^^ 7» Tr^^gcS^cM 
Tov dv^^ i^ iu.n yuxTctf^v sfJcctA^jmS/j©-', %(^n 7ri5"4b'«» jid^^ ra '^vkolvoqj. -^ 
^n^i^ dit cujtQ 7r^(r(^oyia,v J^etfov* «' |Wji, julolKAov lOiAav oit^iziifAiJ^^, 
ri oLi^imVj (pOLV^^g -jlpi^ou. tQto q utts^ oujtS fj8p cLV Tivt (TKoyrSvli (^oKOin 
yLCjLhoY.ctycL^img "hiKix^ou jc, 'fpvcuctig' 5' «V 7iaTei<^(^)hiom<^tLuA)(()v crd)- 
Tneiav , )t, TouuTa <r^Tnyo!; jc, a.'f %&)i', »)t otcT^ct jUji (jlh^ov ti c^^Xouyei Kj 
%^i(r^vTie^v To 7re^g r«? 7io7\\,Tag ^[kcuov. «J^g yj cMeivo gg-tv eiTrelv, ot^ 
^po^aiwS^©-' fJtS/j e<V 7ro?\ejULov 2fx^a7\fiv tIuj 7io7\iv ^oiiKic^v-, ojnii^iTo ra 
'^iKiho^'^-, dAA&)? Q 7i^i^ci7Q\%To tIjSj Trmv k^ to i^iKcuov-, oTiobg aiS^^fjLS- 
f©^ cMHVov, navyiuv oiyn-, k^ fjLn^lv dS^iKn Tb? ' A^lwcuag' (Xh7\ oPicsg toiKiv- 
\^vQ^ Tig oujt4 <^tfe< ra ^iKcLvo^(^ ifjlfjiixrou Tr/fi^", ov yt t^oTO^mv ^t^t- 

a^cL- 

jubereque ut omnes Athenienfes priftinis le- tate perfequuturum. Phocion autem, quum 

gibus agerent, Infidire hx erant in Phocio- culparetur quod dimififlet illum nec retinu- 

nem. Nam quum traducere ad fe ftuderet ifTet, negavit diffidere fe Nicanori, vel quic- 

civitatem illam Polyperchon, nifi Phocione quam ab eo expeftare mali : fin fecus foret, 

exterminato, ut poftea re declaravit, nihil fe malle fe omnibus innotefcereinjuriam accipe- 

fperabat effefturum. Expulfum autem iri e- re quam facere. Hoc ab co fi de fcipfo (blo 

um, fimul atque illi qui ex civium albo fue- debuiffet cogitare videatur seftimanti probe 

rara erafi, reipublic^ fuperfufi eflent traftan- 2c fortiter diftura. At qui falutem patri^ in 

dEjiterumque occupaffent concionatores fug- prxcipitem cafum adducit,atque is dux 8cma- 

geftum, Sc calumnias ei fuffunderent. Quum giftratus, haud fcio anne majus violet 5c anti- 

motus hinc Athenis aUquis exifteret, cupi- quius erga civesjus. Neque enimallcgariilhid 

ens appellare Nicanor Athenienfes, fenatu in potcft, timentemnecivitatem imphcarctbello, 

Piraeo advocato acceffit, corpufque fuum cre- ab Nicanore abftinuiffe Phocionem ; pnrtexu- 

didit Phocionis fidei : quem quum regionis iffe autem fidem 8cjus, quoverccundiaadduc- 

extra urbem dux Dercyllus comprehendere tuscontineretfe ille,nequepopulum Athenien- 

conatus effet, id olfaciens ille fubduxit fe, fem violaret:fed apparet rcvera fidem ci infi- 

ftatimque prae fe tulit vindiftam fe de civi- xam validam fuifle Nicanoris, adeo ut multis 

de- 



2o8 * jn K I n N. 

'Ea.7\cifjuvct ^iVi^g, k^ S^iciCp^el^eiV riVCL? t^ cv Hh^oliu >tcLroi}L\iv\m, a Tr^^tr- 
n^aro rov Xoyov^ a/ c^Vc^cei'* otAAct x^ ^J^iAOittiicJ^a ra Act^7r^g&)? ^l/})- 
(pior/uLci y^-^avlQ^, 'A^bjucuag aTravlctg cv Tolg oTrKoig dvou, k^ i^-^^^Tn- 
y& 0&)x/(i)w 7r^(Tix^v-> y\fJLiXY)7iV o-xw « 7r^^(rcLym o ^i-ticivca^ qm -^ Ma- 
vvxiag Tct oTrAa tov Ila^ouci (j^eTct(p^^(ri. 

n^TlofApaiv 3 TiiTCdv, f^ <i>od}tia)V 13-o^vCeiTOj Kj zaTiCp^vetTOj raV 
'A^Luuouag oJ^ciyeiV |SbAo'|rj6^u(^' 'AAe^otvcf'^©^ o o IloKvm^x^^^ ^^^> «^sv 
fJ^ (hujctibL€(tigj 'hoy(d fj^ cJm tov Ni.)ioivo^ rolg b) oiV« j2>o>iOnV&)j/, l^yoa 
ij t/m) ttoA»/, « S^tuuouTc, KaTaM^^ofAp^^-, ouutIw kouuTn f^mTn ym- 
fD{jlw. oiTi y) (pvyoi(^eg avTU (TUuum^KtaKovlig-, (^^vg ri(rav cv dV«' Kj t^ 
^ivci)v a/JLa jc, T^f ctTifJLm vr^g avT^g ^(rS^^pLovlm cyKKXYKria TrajuLjULiyfig 
yi^^i^n Kj a.Ta'^©-'-, cm m tqv (pc-mimot -^ cl^X^^ ^^XvG^avJsg, tTi^ng eiAov- 
To f^TnyaV» ei M^^ ctuuic^v elg 'hoyag o ' AKi^avS^ej^ t^ Nikclvo^ fjLo- 
\>@-', a^^ To Teix^ Ci)(ph, J^ tSto Troi^vJig 7ro?J\cim, xijm^^iav To]g 'AOjj- 
VDUoig vra^i^ov, bx, av rt vroKig cTts^^yyg tov mvS^wuov. Iith q 'Ayvmii^Yig o 
pYiT(t>^ <^Qvg s7ri(pviTo Tolg mtl tov ^cnMma, v^ )iaTr\yoe,ei 7r^<^o(riag, oi 
f^ fz^ YiahTKifjLiS^ovia j^ Hitt>0\ia (po^Yi^iHJsg oL7ri)A^ov ok t' 7[oMoi>g' o ■^ 
^(ii)iim, ^ fjLiT avTS t^ (pihm ol cz^fj^eivavJeg (^X'^^^ ^£5^ TloAv^ri^- 
Xovla' j^ (TUJUi^nh^ov avToig, ;:^otg/Ti r» <t>&);c/6)f©-', o HXaTouivg Eohm, k. 
Aeiva^X'^ ^ KogirSi©^, c^TJiJ-^oi tQ TlohvTi^i^X'^^'^ ^^'^ (^o>iSvJsg yi 

(TUJUYi- 

<3eferentibus,criminantibufque Pirxeum capta- runt, confeftim tenuerunt urbem, peregrinif- 

re, mercenarium militem Salamina tranfpor- que & ignominia affeftis ad iUos fe aggre- 

tare, & corrumpere nonniiUos Pirjeeum in- gantibus concio concurrit confufa & incon- 

colentes,nonadmiferitcrimina, ncquehabuerit dita, in qua Phocioni imperio abrogato ali- 

cis fidem.lmmoetiam,quum rogationem Phi- os creaverunt duces.Quod, nifi coUoqui cum 

lomedes Lamprenfis promulgafTet, ut omnes Nicanore Alexandcr foUis juxta mcenia vifus 

Athenienfes arma caperent, & duci Phocioni eflet, idemque facientes fubinde fufpicionem 

parerent, indormivit, quoad armis Nicanor ex moviflent Athenienfibus, haud decHnafiet ci- 

MunychiamotiscoepitcircumvallarePirseum. vitas periculum. Ut Agnonidcs orator con- 

Dum ea geruntur, infurrexit in Phocionem fellim adortus eft Phocionem, infimulavit- 

civitas: & quum exercitum Athenienfium e- que faftionem ejus proditionis, Calhmedon 

ducere vellet, non paruerunt ei. Jam filius & Pericles trepidantes ceficrunt urbe. Pho- 

Polyperchontis aderat Alexander cum copiis, cion autem & qui apud eum remanferunt 

verbo contra Nicanorem populo Athenienfi amici, conccflerunt ad Polyperchontem : 

fijppetias vcnturus : re urbem, fi facultas da- quos Phocionis gratia comitati funt Platae- 

retur, diflenfione inteftina flagrantcm occu- enfis Solon & Dinarchus Corinthius, Po- 

paturus. Quippe exuks, qui cum eo irrupe- lyperchontis neceflTaru & familiares habi- 

6 ti. 



$ jn K I n N. 209 

T£ici MTeA^i^oLV. cv cug ' Ayvmi^n 7r«Vcti^©^, 'A^x^^s-^th o to -vJ/wCpta-- 

ttct y^^^OLvl^-, imfJLTTiV 7r^i(T^eiCLV S\\fX(^ KCiTY\yo^Y\(T^(TCLV T» <!>&)- 

y.m(^. cLfJLd xcm (rtwi/JLi^oLV cifJLOoTi^i tJ IToAyTrgf^i^ovIt jmJ t» f^ot- 
(nAg&)? 7ro^^ojW$iu&> f2efe< mfjilw tivol ty)? (i>ctiKi<^og ^ct^vycjig, khi^jIw 
/^ To 'A)c^»g/ov of©^, vttJ Ycl7\oltIw KctxQ^riv. b^ctv^cL S^ B-eig 6 rio- 
Ay7rgVY&)V Tov x^^'^^^ ii^vio-Kov, ;^ KaB-i(rctg vtt cwTtS tov (ict(riXict yy 
TbV <^<A«?, To\ juSJi) A«i'ct^;:^oi' .(^J^vg cai w^o^h Ka£>HV QMi\dj(riv, jj 
?-^i^7\.(id(rctv}cig "^Kleivai, Tolg o 'A^lwouoig ctTri^^OKi "hoyov. csg 'j ^d^v- 
^ov ii K^ouuylw Inoi^v, oLvliKctTnyo^Svlig olKM7\m cv 75J (rtwiS^ei^f-» >J 
7fP0(yi7\^6dV 'Ayv^v/J^w? «Trgf, "ATravloLg YifjLOLg dg /ULicLi/ \fJL^aL7\dv\ig yct-^ 
7\icLy^v, ' AMwcJULOig oivcLTrifi^^ctTS 7\dyov v(pi^ov\ctg' ^M^ ^ct(Ti7\Sjg lyi- 
7\ct(TiVi ol cs^i^m-ig •ra G-twi^ei(^ MoLx.si^dvig ii, ^mi <^o7\lu} ciyovlig-, 

iirSvfJLiiV CtK^iCiV, K^ TbV 7r§i(T^eig 7rGL§iKCt7\iiy }>m V^fJL(£(^, C^OUU^OL Ttom- 
SrcU t!w KOLTY)yoeJ.OLV. huu ^^\v hoV, Ct7\7\GL T^ l^ <^(t>Ki(tiVl 7roK7\OLKig 
CLv\iK^ii(TiV YloTWTTi^X^^ 7^AyOv\^' f^^X^'^ ^ "'"? ^CtKiYieJiCL TtCLTa^OLg tIw 
ylw, cl7li?Y\ %i KdLTi(Ti(^7TYi(TiV. 'Hynf^OV^ Q (pY\CrcLv\@^ 'oTl fJLOL^TVg CWT^ "^ 

Ttpag Tov S^Y\fjLov SjvoicLg HoKvjd^x^^ ^5'tV ^ T» Ho7\v7ri^x^^^ ^hroKeAva- 

ju9^'a 7F^g OPylw, U0UL)(TDU fJL\i 7r.^g TOV (^0L(Tt7\icL KCLTCt-^dbJ^dljSf^-, OLVOL- 

7rY]^n(T0Lg jSotctAgyV ^^fin(Ti Ao/^m tqv 'RynfAovct tvcltcl^ou. tclx^ ri? 
noAu7rg^;^^ov](^ (^7\(j&dv\(^ cwtov, aVw ^ii7\v^n to (Ttwii^ejLov. 

TOV Q (^OdKiOdVOL Kj T^V fJLiT CUUtS (pv7\CCKng fZ«fe<g;:^«Vj1?, d(TOl T^tf iTOli- 

§Ci)V 

ti. Hi complures dies Elateae propter Dinar- omnes, atque Athenas ad caufam dicendam 

chi adverfam valetudinem morati funt. In- remittite: aTrifit rex. At corona Macedo- 

terea pcpulus, fuafore Agnonide, fcriptaque num militumquemercenariorum feriantiura a- 

ab Archeftrato rogatione, legutionem milit vcbat eos audire. Itaque annuerunt legatis, 

ad accufandum Phocionem. Utrique fub i- accufationem ut ibi inftituerent. Nihil ta- 

dem tempus adierunt Polyperchontem, qui mcn erat sequi : fed dicenti Phocioni crebro 

iter faciebat cum rcge circa vicum Phocidis obftrepuit Polyperchon. Is denique percuffa 

Pharygas, juxta montem Acrorion fitum, baculo tellure dcftitit Scconticuit. QuumHe- 

quem nunc Galatem appellant. Ibi Polyper- gemonteftemfuiergapopulum ftudii Polyper- 

chon, pofita aurea teftudine, collatifque fub chontemnominafietjPolyperchonverorefpon- 

ca rege & amicis, maturans Dinarchum fta- diflet infenfus, Define me apud regem onerare 

tim arripi juffit, & excruciatum necari. In- mendaciis, exiliens rex Hegemonem contendit 

de dedit Athenienfibus audientiam : qui ut lancea ferire. Verum Polyperchon eum cito 

ex mutuis acculationibus complerunt tumul- amplexus eft,atqueira dimifTuTi eftconcilium» 

tu & clamore concilium, accedens autem A- At Phocione illifque qui circa eum e- 

gnonides ait, Ccnjicite nos unam in cavcara rant cuftodia fcptis, quotquot ejus amici 

Vo L. IV. D d V non 



2IO * n K I n R - 

§6ip iTVXov a« ifyv? Wmi<;, c^g t^tq «<i^oi/, ifmXv^cti^oty k^ hci(pvyov^ 
Ttg 2(rdS-n(ra.v. Q/neivag o KA«t(^ «V 'A^lwcig cti/wyg, Xoyct) {jS{j ^teA^wQ- 
fj3f ag, i^ycd q ^^^aveiv Ka.Ta.KSKeAi^>ig. k^ •k^o<tIw to ^rifjLot rn KofjLi^ 
TwTTn^Vj i(p' diuA^cug KOjunl^of^m oJi^ ^tci ra Ks^/xot^ tt^V to B-i- 
tLT^ov. c/KH ^ otnViiV 7r§o(TOLyciyoov 6 KA«t(^ (Ttoiei^i^ei'* a;^e^? « tW c/ic- 
xKmiav bithri^mcLV o\ oti^^ovlg?, a J^aAof, y Isfoi^, »;t oLTtfxov )hniKeJ,vciv~ 
Tigj ctAAct 7rao-t )^ 7icL<Tcug dvoiTriTfictf^ov to ^YificL k^ to ^iaT^ov ob^^ 
e^ovlig. iTT^ « T cBjg-oT^Yj ra ^cKTiT^ioiig dviyvodSrYi-, 7\iyov\(^ olvt^ fjSp 
iyvoo^ Tr^ot^oTOig yiyovivcu t«V d.v^^g, onmoig 5 <^<«^oVom t/o) jtszViy 
jAdfdgfot? Tg ^ri >9 oLVTovofjLotg «o-<j »9 T»V dvS^^g o KA«t(^ ei^rnyoL^j^' ol 

^ (^iATl^Ql T^ TTOAiT^ 0(pUv\<^ T» OtyXtWl/©^ (^gXOtAJ^I/OtlJ/o, K, XOtVft)' 

xJ\l/ot^7g$ iioLK^vor etg q dva.?'oig iTohfxn^nv etTreiVy on ty)?\ikolvtUv KeJ.(riv 
ifKi^eie/iiiOTf^ t^ (^rifict) t» (ioL(rtXiodg, KOL7\0dg tx^ t»V i^^i/Aa? j^ tj^V Js- 

Jb^ dTTih^HV iK -1" iKKM(riOLg. «V dvOL^Ol^OdV T^ 7roAA6df, OtAA' dvoLK^- 

yoviodv (^d7(heiv TaV Q7\tya.^x^K'6g i^ fjLi(ro(S^r]jULiig, ctAA©-' f/$j|U «cTrtV t;Vg^ t^ 
^tox/ffli'©^ i-Kix^i^^^^ f^V«i', ctyVoV ;^otAg7r6>? ;^ ,tto'At^ o^otx«£S-«V> I7o- 

TgfOJ', «TTg»', d^iKOdg, Yl (^tKdiOdg "^hIhVCU ^'d7\iSri YlfJLoigj '^KTOKejLVOLlMfJOtiV 

H Tivodv oTt S^tKou&ig, Kou tSto, i(pn, 7r£g yvoticri^i, ^tt» dKHo-oLvJig -, ivrd 
iJ acTgi/ fzdAhov misov, IfyvTi^ob 7r^o(ri7\^0dVj 'Eyod f^, d^nv, dJ^tmv ofjLo^ 
Aoy&), J^ B-oLvdTH TtfA.£f.icu Tct 7n7ro7\tT^f^OL ifiiauTW' i^Tng q, dvi^^ig 
'Avouot, ^id Tt )kmiiiveiT€, fxnSiv d<^tKQvJoLgj '^K^tvotf^otiv 3 7roX7\av, 

'On 

non prope affiflebant, ubi hoc vlderunt, ca- nus autem exfurgens dicere eft aufus, quum- 

pite obvelato fuga falutem qucefivere. Re- tanti judicii populo rex poteftatem permi- 

duxit illos Athenas Clitus, verbo ad caufam ferit, debere fervos & percgrinos concione 

dicendam, revera capitis damnatos. Species fummoveri. Non ferente id plebe, fed vo- 

fuit perquam trirtis vedurs;. Plauftris ve£ti ciferante kpidibus cooperiendos eos qui pau- 

per Ceramicum fuerunt ad theatrum. Eo ad- corum foveant potentiam, populique holtes- 

dudlos Chtus culliodivit, quoad archontes fint, nemo ultra verba facere tentavit pro 

concionem advocaverunt , non fervis, non Phocione. llle vix tandem auditus, Utrum, 

peregrinis, non famofis remotis: fed omni- inquit, jure nos, an per injuriam ftatuiftis in- 

bus viris & fceminis fuggeftu ae theatro pa- terficere? Refpondentibus quibufdam, Jure: 

tefafto. Ut vero epiftola lefta eft regis, Hoc qui cognofcetis, inquit, nifi audiveri* 

qui fcripfic conftare fibi hos proditores ef- tis? Quum nihilo magis aures prasberent, 

fe, verum illis, qui hberi jam & fuis legi- accedens propius, Ego, inquit, fateor pec- 

bus immunes efient, permittere fe judicium, cafte me, atque ob aftiones meas rei capi- 

& reos introduxit Chtus: optimates civita- tahs me judico: verum hos, Athenienfes, 

tis Phocione confpe6to rubore perfufi funt, qui nihil commiferunt, quamobrem neca- 

capiteque dejedo lacrymas profuderunt. U- bitis? Refpondente multitudinc; Quia ami- 



ci 



4> n K I n R i2Ti 

"On (To) (piMi «V<i/, |tj(V ^6>'^«<»' "^^cU wxictv Yi'^' 'Ayi/Aiv^J^wc 
'^r)(pi<riiKx. yiy^iJLfJ^ov ix^^ dnyvoiy m^' o tov S'yi(jlov gJ^« ;:^ei^roi/«? 
<afe< T^ ctfcT^av, « ^oK.Q(riy oi^imv' r»V M^?, dv mTOLx^^Tovn^^- 

'Avfltyi'6)(&-gv|(^ i) ra •v}/»i(^<V//.otr(^, «J/siV rtvW 7r^(ry^^eiVy oTTOdg kou 
.f^gjSAft)9eiV 4>&);ct'&)i' ^hroB-civoh )^ roi/ r^;:^oi/ aV^JSfBt/, >^ raV m^iTug 
.mheiv w^diTcLTiov. o o 'Ayi/6)J/t'<:)^«? j^ roj/ KA«rov o^m (^v^i^ouvovlct, jcom 
ro TT^y/^ot |3otf Ccte^Kov «voM >9 itttct^V nyiif^(^j "Otcu/, i(py], KotAAt- 

fJLiS^OvloL TOV fJLOL?-iyiOLV A0t^&)jwV, ^ OtVcT^g? 'A^luUCUOl, Act^Ot/ls? 5-§2^A&)Vo- 

" jw$(|u' <afe< ra <i>CidKia)v(B^ ^^\v 'syoo y^(p6ti toiStov- h^DUtj^OL '^ cJheimv 
Tig v7ri(pdvY\(TiV, o^^&g yi ct) Trotwi/' &.v y) OfidKjai/ot (ioL(roLvi(r(ei(^, <ri r/ 
TToiwofjSf-i cJ^Kv^6d^iv}(^ ri? '^Yi(pi(T fJ,cLT^ , K^ T" x^^oTovioLg '^S^oB-ei- 

Vni^, »'<^«V mB-YifjSp(^, ctAAot TTcti/lg? cJE,oLVoLg-oLv]ig, oi q TfT^et^oi j^ s^s^ot- 

V(ii(rOLfApOi mTSX^^0TOVY](rCLV OUU'^ ^cLvOLTOV- Y\(TCLV 3 (7ttt> tJ <J>&);t<'6)W, Ni- 

jtoxAyj?, Oa^J^iTTTT©^, 'HynfjLOdV, nt;Oo;tAji?' AnfJ.y}TejL^ q ra OctAw^sV? ;^KctA- 
/\ifj,i<^ovl(^, )ij Xote/;tAg«?, >tct{ Tivcov OLhKodV "^kTovlodv ;totrf \]/«(|)to^« ^-ott^ctr©^. 
'rig 81/ ^iOLhv(rav}ig tIw cAi)iM(rioLV ^yov eig to (h(rfJLOdTYieAov THg olv- 
^i^g, o\ fj^ a.7\7\0i (sfe<7rAs;toju9^Vv t^ (pi7\0dV ouuTolg ;^ ol;t«Vi/, oS^v^fJL^- 
m »9 mTOLB-^tw^vlig i^eiix^ov' to q «f^&^K,»©!/©^ 7r^(rod7rov, olov ors 5"^r>i- 

^6)1/ CtTr' CM>tM(TioLg 7f^ii7rifJL7riT0, (^XiTrOvlig, k^WU fJLCL^OV tIu) CLTrci^eiOLV Tij 

fjLiyoLTKo-^vxioLU ra oivJ^^g. ol o s;:^^^^ o< ;cot;t&i? 'iAg^ov cz^T^ixovlig' ^g o 

ci tui funt, abfcedens Phocion conticuit. Ibi ciamus ? Comprobato plebifcito, populoque 

Agnonides recitavit plebifcitum, quod habe- in fufFragia minb, nemo fedensjfed exfurgen- 

bat fcriptum, ex quo laturi erant fufFragia an tes omnes, plerique 8c coronati, damnave- 

dcliquiiie viderentur: fi damnati cfient, fu- runt illos rei capitalis. Erant cum Pho- 

mendum erat de iis fupplicium. cione Nicocles, Thudippus, Hegemon, Py- 

Recitato plebifcito poftulaverunt quidam, thocles. Infuper Demetrium Phalereum, Cal- 

adderetur ut Phocion ante fupplicium tor- limedontem, Chariclem, nonnuUofque alios 

mcntis laceraretur, inferrique rotam 6c tor- capitis abfentes damnaverunt. 

tores juflerunt acciri. At Agnonides etiam Poftquam igitur dimifla concione illos ad 

Clitum videns indignantem , eamque rem carcerem duxerunt, alii comple£lentibus eos 

barbaricam cenfens & tetram, Ubi Callime- amicis & familiaribus ejulantcs & lamen- 

dontem, inquit, verberonem Athenienfes te- tantes ibant: At Phocionis vultum, quum 

jiuerimus, eum tum excarnificemus : de Pho- talem viderent ficut quum dux folet a con- 

cione nihil ego fero ejufcemodi. Hic pro- cione deduci, ftupebant imperterritum & ex- 

bus quidam vir fucclamavit, Re£be tu fanc; celfum animum ejus. Inimici vero praeter- 

■mm Phocioncm fi torferimus, tibi quid fa- currentes inceflebant eum convitiis. Unus 

D d i etiam 



212 * n K I A N. 

3^ TT^ocrmlvviif cJ^iVavlict? Tr^oo-gAOiwV. org )t, tov (^animct ^iy^ /2>Al\]/ctii|a 
TT^V raV oie,X^v\cLg eimlv, a Trcwa-et Tig ci^YifjLov^vlcL tQtov •, g7r« q ©a- 
iT/TrTr^ ci' TsJ h^TfJLmYiticd •^^ojtJt^o©-', ;^ to jtwpetov o'^fflv re/^ofx^o» 
loyctvcLKJet, >^ ^tareJcAcMg t/«) <rviuL(poP^Vi 6)V a T^otrmovlaig tbJ <l)&);tj'&)W o-y;^- 
a7to7<hviJ^<^' ElTa aJt dycL7ra,gi aTnv, oTt fA^ ^mim^ ^9fMV;c«?; 
gfO|u6|(U» Q Tiv^^ T^ <|)<A6)J' «Tf Tr^^V O&);cov Agyfi tov ijoi', ITcti/u juSjju yy, 
i(priy 7\iy(d fjin jLLVWi^ouiiiv 'A^lwcuoig- Ta o Ni;to;£Ags^, oV ZtJ cujt^ ttii^o- 
TciT(^ T^ (^/A6)j/, a^^}iciL7\uv\(^ oV&ic o«;Voi/ gotVji to (poi^jbLctKov Tneiv tt^- 

T€§OV, Ba§V ju6j|U, «TTgl/, 6) Ni;CO;tA«?, SjUo) TO CUTYifJLCL >C, ?\.V7TY)^V' STTei j^ 
»<^gV aAAO ^HTTOTi (TOl C^^ TOV ^IOV aJlf «^lt^OteifMO-Ot, lij tQtO CvfxCd^Oi* 
7ti7J:(id>L0T0dV Q «cT» 7rctvl(t)V TO (pcl^iitciKov gTrgAtTTg, ;^ <hfjLQ(n(^ aV g(p« 
TeJ-^^etv iTi^ov, ei fj.Yi Act^ooi ^dhyiaL S^^xf^^^^ o^^ "''^^' oA;t/«) covetTmi 
X^v^ '§^ofj8pii Kj SidTeA^Yigy ^Pcdnim KaKi(TcLg Tivoi ^ (pixodVi kcu 
eiTrcav, et uv^A ^km^aveiy^ 'A^lwi^o-^ (^cti^oiv Wh hMihSj^n i^ oivB-^odTrcd J^, 
vcu To KmaaTiov-. 

^Hv YifjLi^ (jluuog y[.>ivvxi(^^(^ cM^ctVn <zBn ^iKa^ v^ ts^ A« tUu Tiopu- 
ttIuu 7riiuL7fovlig oi iTrTreig Tra^i^M^rav. uv ol pp ct^eihovlo t»V <Fi(poLViig, oi 
^ 7f^g Tag B-v^g h^aK^vfApoi -^' el^Kliig dTfi^Xi-^av. \<pdvY\ q T(^ig fjjn 
7rav}d7ra(riv c^fj.oig yij ^^(p^a^i^oig yV o^yY\g -^ (p^ov^ tIw \!/y;^/ty, dvo^ 
(nooTaTov yiyovivcu, to fXYiS"' cJ^^eiv tIou nfXi^v c/Keivlw, ij,n^\ mB-a- 

^iVG-CU 

etiam infpuit in eum. Ibi Phocionem fa- omnes, defecit venenum, & carnifex aliud 

ma eft converfum ad Archontas dixifle, Ne- negavit fe triturum , nifi duodecim drach- 

mo hujus reprimet petulantiam ?' Quum mas eflent fibi numeratae , quanti denarii 

Thudippus in carcere cicutam cerneret te- pondus venibat. Quum intercederet mora 

ri, queftus eft & deploravit calamitatem fu- & tempus traheretur, Phocion accerfito quo- 

am, quod injufte cum Phocione occideretur: damamico, ait, anne gratis quidem mori A- 

&tu non praeclare agi, inquit, putas tecum, thenis liceret, petiitque ut carnifici iUud aeris 

qood fuftollaris cum Phocione? Rogante daret. 

quodam amico num quid ad fihum velkt Dies erat menfis Munychionis nonufdc- 

j^ocum: Maxime, inquit, jubeo ut injuri- cimus, ac pompam Jovi agentes praeterve- 

arum populi Athenienfis obHvifcatur. Ni- hebantur equites, quorum aUi coronas de- 

cocle, qui amicus ejus fidiflimus erat, ro- traxerunt, alii fufis lac.'-ymis fores carce- 

gante fibi ut permitteret priori venenum ris refpexerunt. Exiftimaverunt illi qui non 

haurire, Haec quidem, inquit, gravis mihi prorfus erant immanes perverfoque ira at- 

lS(icocle , 6c dura eft petitio : verum quia que invidia animo , rem maxime deteftan- 

nihil tibi per omnem vitam denegavi ali- dam, quod non fuftinuiflet illo die, neque 

ud, hoc quoque largior. Ubi biberunt jam a ctede publica ' folenne agens abftimiiifet 

ci- 



* n E I n N. 213 

p^<rou hiuiO(ri\i (pova tUv ttoXiv lo^rcL^HdOM. « fjdw clTkT^ &)V7rsf bihkt^ 
^v fiymKTf^oig Toig iX^^'^<; scTogg jc, to (r&fxct ra ^mm(^ SloeJ.7M, 
ti fnK^ Ttv^ cJVouuG-ou^ fjLy)SiwL- w^g tUju Tciiplw 'Mhuuoum. J^t' (^irJ^ 
fj^ »c^«? STo7\fjLr)(TiV ct^^ac^o^ tS (TOi)fJLctT(^' Y^ma^TiloiiV ^i ng vTt^^ym «'- 
S-Kry^og Toi TQiouuTciy f/.i^S KofjLt^ivla. tov vix^v vTFi^ tIuu *EA^(r»'a» 
Tfv^ TKOL^odV m ^ Meyae^o? houujiv. « 3 Msycte/^tw yujuyi Tra^So-ct f/^ 
'p^ B-e^TTouviS^odV, g;:^6J0'gt/ fjS^ cuuto^i X^M-^ ^-^^^^ "^ KcLTiajja^iv' Q/ih\^n 
Q 7S? xoA7r&) Tct oVa, >9 KOfxijcKTct vvKlcti^ eig t!w okiav, xotrwfugg a;^ 
tLuu kiavj einSo-ctj 2o<, J cp/A« eWa, cw^KciTciTi^ifJLcu touutol dvS^^g 
cLyciB^ K^-^dVcjC <Tv o ouuToi Tolg TTctT^c^otg ^^^og nejtoigj otolv 'AOwfoMo* 
(roi)(p^ov^<yoo(riv. 

Kcu [jSfJToi xt$^^ (^&^X^^ S^id^^oi^Hy v^ '^ w^yfjLciTCdV McttrKot' 

TOdV OIOV oJm^OLTluU )C, (pvXoLKOL (T0i<^e3^tJUUV\g )^ <S^lKOU0(rUJUYig (S^fjL(^ ctTro^- 
"hKTiVy OtvJ^e/tOtuJot \B{J OUUtQ ^^^OtAJCaf 0LVi<^yi(T0LVy id-OL-^OLV (S^YiflOOriotg Ti' 
7\i(TiV Toi- OTOi. '^ KOLTYiyo^OiiV ' AyVmil^lw f^ COUToI B-OLVOLTOV KCtTOLX^' 
PQTOVrKTOLvlig OLTTiKleiVOLV' 'E^TWa^V j) lij AnfJLO(piAOV, "^S^P^vloLg '<M T" TTO- 

Aga)?> 0LvA)^(idV tQ <i>mim(S^ qoV grtjttw^nVotro. tStov iiTi TOLhhct ajora- 

i^duoV civ^^ -^S^ <pUL.(T\,Vy J^ -KOuSirTKng k^QiiloL CZff^ 7r0^V0^0(TKCd T§S(pO' 

wVn^, nS Tvx^ju QiO(^0d^(t> TUi cL^iod ca^^^i^ou, Xoyov bt Awi/&) <^taAg- 
yoiBpot) toiStov, Et roi/ cptAof "hv^Tct^^ fjcn DU(TxeJv e<Tiv, ^S^\ tq cpiAh/j 
ofJLoiodg' H fLvi To Itou^v, bcfl To hcu^v' ^ifjSfov ai/ goM/'7^ TT^g tIw 

Qj7a~ 

civitas. Atqui, quafi nondum viftoria fatura* Et fane brcvi intervallo rebus dofti Athe- 

tis fua, vifum inimieis eft ut etiam corpus ex- nienfes qualem moderationis Sc juititis pric- 

tra fines projiceretur Phocionis, ac nc quis fidem cuftodemque amififlent, ftatuam ei ex 

Athenicnfis rogum funeri incenderet. Quam- aere pofuere, & ofla publice extulere. Ac- 

obrem nemo amicorum corpus fuit aufus at- cufatores, Agnonidem rei capitalis ipfi dam- 

tingere. Conopion quidam tali afllietus mi- naverunt necaveruntque : Epicurum & De- 

nifterio operam locare, exportatum ultra E- mophilum cx urbe profugos Phocionis fi- 

leufina cadaver igni ex asdc mulieris Mega- lius confeftatus eft, poenafque ab eis exe- 

ricje fumpto combuflit. Ibi mulier Megari- git. Hunc ferunt nec ahas probum virum 

ca cum ancillis afliftens tumulum honorari- fuifle, £c quum adamaret puellam qus a- 

um aggeflit, atque inferias dedit Phocioni. pud lenonem alebatur, forte Theodori A- 

Ofla in finu collegit, eaque nofte domum thei difputationi interfuifle in Lyceo habi- 

deportata defodit apud fociim cum his ver- t£e hujufccmodi : Si dileftum redimere tur- 

bis, Apud vos,optimipenates,has boniviri re- pe non eft, necdileftam: item, quod fi non 

liquias depono. Easvos,quum Athenienfes ad amicum, nec amicam. Hanc difputationem 

mentem redierint, patrio reddite fepulchro. ad libidinem fuam accommodatatn , ut pras- 

claram;i 



214 



* A K I n N. 



'<[Jh^vfjdaM Tov hoyov 6)? ^ s;^ov]ot, hv(ra^ tIw itou^v- dxhci Tct p^ 
fs^ ^middvci 7r£^%6ei^ot tV <^ Xm^rlw Trdhiv oivifjims. t»V '^EA.- 
xluuctg, cdg ofjLoiQToiTn^ amvm tyi; cifMci^Tictg tcwtv) ;com ^v^vxiag r« m>M 
'^oiBpY\g. 

claram, redemifle eum meretricem. At hoc Gr^cos, quod gerraaniflimum huic illud ad- 
<juod commiflum in Phocionem fuit, illam mifTum peccatum & vulnus appareret a civi- 
ih Socratem noxam denuo refricuit apud tateacceptura. 




KATAN 





KATaN O NEaTEPOS. 

;ATnNI To |u%) ^(^ cL^X^ <iBi<pa.v4ctg iXcttiV t^ 
^o^n<; "^ tS Tr^TroLTrTta KoiTm(^, M^g ov J^o Jm j^ J^v- 
vctjit^ (jLciT^ifGL 'VoifjLoum '■^oi^a ^i d^^rhuu, dq bi Tolg 
<5fe< cAieiva yty^TT)' mT&?^(i(p^iD o yovim o^(pcivog fjLiT 
cl^ih^pS KctiTfmQ^ 3^ Uo^Klag dhx^pYig. /tJ q >^ SsfjSi- 
Ata Kar&)i^(^ ofJLOfJLnTe/^ dhh(p^. i^ Trdvlig Stoi (t^ Ai^^io) AfaV^a 
T^(plu) >9 ^iouTdi) ax^v, ^eic^ [Bp ovJi -^ fxiDTqg, dyovli q tIw TfoAtTeioLV 
TOTi. yi ^ ^TTeiv S^ciVoTciT^ Iwy y^ TdKhct (TCd(p^m dvri^ cv Tolg fxdXi<^oL^ 
^ (p^ovYifJLOLT^ ^'S^m 'VoofjLOAm v(piiu^(^. l\iyi) KjxV&h/ Sj^xjg cal ttou- 
^ia Tn Ti (pmn, i^ t^ 7v^o(T(id7U(^^ >^ T£g (Wti Tdg TrouS^idg S^iOLTtt^dig 
ji5-(^ TJztR)(:|)cwf«i' dT^iTflov )^ ditoL^ig >9 (ii^^ctiov CM» Trdmv. ^'^(^uju ts ^ 
^X^v ojutS ttol^' «Awtcti' Ti?.£(riii^yov cd o^fzai' k^ Tolg KoT^oLK^^aa-i 

T^X^^ &!/ ii} TT^^dvlngy iTi fxd7O\0V i>C^T€i 'P^ in^pO^^vlm. /tV Q >t, TT^og 

yi?\(tiTOt 

Catonis natales, claritatis incunabula Sc caetera vir cum prjmis bonus, ac fiquis ali- 

glorias a proavo acceperunt, viro Romte ob us Romanorum, prudens. Fama eft a prima 

virtutem ckriflimo 6c potentiflimo, ut in vi- ftatim aetate mores Catonem, voce, vultu 6c 

ta illius recenfuimus. Reliaus eft iiic cum per ludum prae fe tulilTe ubici.uc inflexibiles, 

fratre Caepione & Porcia forore parentibus immobiles 6c fl:abiles : quippe vis perficiendi 

orbus. Fuit prseierea Catonis Servilia foror qutecunque animus impulerit ad aggredien- 

uterina. Omnes hi apud Livium Drufum dum major quam pro «tate affuit, eratque 

avuncuUim ac principem tunc civitatis educ- cum adulatoribus afper 8c horridus, tum ma- 

ti fuere. Etenim fuit ille .difertiflimus Sc gis obnitebatur terrentibus. A rifu tam ali- 

enus, 



2i6 K A T n N. 

ygA&)ra Kofxii^ri <^vcriimT(^, olx^ (JLHS'icf.}xcLT(^ (mctmg -TZef -K^dd-Kdb hti- 
XiOf^(^, Kj Tf^g o^ylw » Taxvg, i^^i oAi^«^'?' o^yi^eig o, ^u(r7rct^^ 
cuTYiT(^. 6)V ^v «V To (JLCJLV^civeiy riK€, vooS-^og Iw dvctXct^eiv j^ (i^<Ng' 
dvdKa&m 0, JcaTo;:^^^^ >^ jULVYtibLoviKog. o ^n k^ 7Ti(pvKsv.d.?\?^gy raV fjS^ 
dJcpveig dvoLfJLVY^^i-K^g lULdhXov hvcu-, iuLVY)fjLoviK\ig Q, T»? //STct 7ro'va Kj TT^y- 
ju.oLTeictg ^^^^J^g;^OjU^'a^. >iW^ yJ olov iKKcwfjLct -^ \J/t;:^«?, t^ fjLOLB-YifjLd- 
rm 'iKct<7ov.iOiK€ Q )^To ^v<TmiOV TwKdTCidvi •noieiy i§yct>h<^i^v tLu) (jLd^Y\~ 
(Tiv. 7rd(rx^v yd^ ti to (JLctv^dvetv dTVxyS>g sg-h Kj to TrdB-i^^ fctx^ Toig ^Tio^ 

dvJiX^^ '^^CtfB^Oig (rVfJL^i<oY}KiV. <^10 TTfi^OlQ fJLdhXoV ViOl yi^OvlodVi Kj VQ^ 

crSvJeg vyicavovlct^v. k^ o7\(t)g c^ oig to '^^iv d^m^ctTov i^iv, jtd^ov tq 
7r^(rTi3-ifjS^ov. tm fBfjToi TrcuSctyodyod tov KdTCdVct Trei^e^ fj9^ Agyao-i,)^ 

TTOieiv d-KCtV TO 7r^iTTCtTlofjS{JOV, iKdfH tLu OUTljCtV dTTOUTeiv, ^ TO i^id 

tI TTtwS-dvi^. K) 'yb Iw ;^otei«? o 7rcu<^oLy&)yog oujtS, v^ 7\oyov ix^^ ^^ 

KQvSvh^i /T^^^^^^oTg^!/, 01/0/^ct lla^Trni^cov. 

"ETt 3 7rCU(^0g T» KotT6t)f(^ Ov}(^, gTr^f/oi/ ol (TV fJLfJLCJLXO^ l^ 'VddfJLCUm 

07r6dg fXiU^acri -^ cv 'VodfjLY] TroMTeiug' k^ nofjL^rcdi^i^B^ 2iAA&)i/, dvn^ tioM- 
fiiKog, iij fjLiyts-ov Ix^^ a^ioifjLct, tQ <^i A^j^o-» (pi?\(^, KOLTiTw^nv 7rct^ 
oujTi? TfT^eiovag Y\fJiio^g' h oug yiyovc^g Toig TrouS^ioig (jujun^ng, dyi, ^TiiV, 
oTTOdg vttI^ Yifju^ ^i^cTi^i tS 5«'» (Tuuayodvida^ ^afe^ t' TTohiTeiag. 6 fjS^) 
h Kcu7rioov hafJLeihd^rag hiv^(riv' t» J% KdTCt^y"^ ^^iv '^KejLvafjLiva, ;^ 

/^Ag- 

cnus, raro ut ad levcm rifum deduccret fu- Denique in qulbus hsefitatio eft imbecillim^, 

percilia. Non praeceps neque proclivis ad ibi facillima eft affenfio. Magiftro tamen 

iram : ubi vero exarfit, placatu difficilis. Ut Catonem di6to audientem pcrhibent fuiffe, 

igitur literis admotus eft, ftupidus erat ad & fecifle quicquid ille juberet : fed caufatn 

percipiendum 6c tardus: at quod (emel per- requififle fingulorum, & rationem percunfta- 

cepiflet, jd retinebat neque dabat obhvio- tum. Erat namque prjeceptor ejus urbanus, 

ni. Quod ahoquin eft natura compara- promptiorque ad inducendum ratione quam 

tum, ut memoria minus valeant fagaces : va- pugno, Sarpedo nomine. 

leant autem memoria, qui cum labore & Catone etiamnum puero focii populi Ro- 

fudore res arripueruntj quippe exiftit una- mani de civitate Romana obtinenda ^gebant, 

qujeque difciplinJE comprehenfio quafi fax 8c Silo Pompedius, infignis bello vir maxi- 

animi. Atque apparet Catonera , quod maque autoritate, atque Drufi amicus, com- 

jegre induceretur, diflicilius arripuifl"e lite- plures dies divertit apud eum. Interea fac- 

ras: nam profefto patitur aliquid qui dif- tus pueris familiaris, Facite, inquit, ut avun- 

cit ; & perfuaderi citius folent qui minus culum pro nobis oretis quo adjutor nobis in 

valent reluftari. Quare perfuadentur fa- aflcquenda civitate fit. Ac Cxpioarridensan- 

cilius juvenes quam fenes, a;gri quam fani. nuit. Quum Cato nihil refponderet, & in- 

S tentis 



K A T n N. 217 

«;i^j'i' J j/gflt^t^ct T(' Asyet? ; ^x °'^ ^ ''"^^^ 2^"''*^ (TvAhOLfjMctH^ TTpJg tov 
^iiov, o^G-Tt^ cihKOog'^ fuLY} (p^^ifyofAfja j tQ KotT4)i/©^, oLhXcL rw (nod- 
Tfn tI T^ TT^o-odTrco S^omvl^^ )>^Myi<^ tUv (^ivKnVj oi^fMp'^ olutov 
UofjLiToutS^i©^ vn\e ^ve/i^^^y wV OL(pn(r6ov, of^oAoyeiv cAiihSjiv, n fii^^etv 

i(pCL(TMV' cifJLCL TW Ti <PCdVV\ T^X^^^k^ X^^A^^^ ^ '^^'^ XH'^'^^ CLTTYl^Tn- 
l^OV TO (TUtfJLOL TTOXKOLm VTVi^ T' ^VtL^^^ K^^OUVCtJV. STTCi Q TTOKWJ X%^' 

vov iiT&i hi)ici^Tie,n<TiV 6 KoLTcov (ivim7\n^(^ y^ dhn?, y.ciTa.^ii^(^ ouutov 
UofJLTTcuS^i©^, nTvxn TT^g raV (pihag ei7riv,0\ov (^Tvxnfj.ci T? 'iTdXiaga 

7f0^.g HTOg WlV' €i OLVn^ Iw, fJLiOLV iiK dv o\fJLCU "^n^pOV l^fJLiV h TW ^nfJLo^ ^fii- 

cS^. %/ihiv 3 (TvP^^g Tiv(^ CJi) '^i^Moig mXiG-0Lvl(^ oJ^ (^etTrvov oLhKag ts TroLi- 
^oLg jc T'dg (^ KoLTCiiVoL, ^qkIw ayovlig iv TiVi fjLi^et -^ohictg i7rou(^ov oujto) 

m^' iOUIT^g dvOLfJLifJLiyiB-pOi ViCOTS^i >9 7r^i(T^VTi^i. TO 3 TTOuljif^OV It^, i^L 

y.ouv^KCLTnyoe)'<^->'^ dyfi^yoiA '^oi^.io-KOf^OiV.Hg ai/ t^ gotA&)JtoV&)p ^rouS^m 
6i)7r^i7Tng tIw o-v^/iv, -uzeto 7i^i7^vTi^>i ^rcuS^og oLx^eig iig ti ^onfJLCLTiov v^ ci^x^ng, 

iTTiKOLXeiTO TOV KOLTbiVOL. TCLX^ ^" '^^ yiVOfApoV (TUJUiig, YDiiV cJ^ Toig 3-J- 

^g KoLTOdVyK^ hoii(TCL[^(^ T^g 7r^g5-6)Ta? k^ S"iOLmXvQv\cLg,SinyaLyi jov 
Tsou^cJL >9 fUT oeyng '^X^^ cL7inK^iv oWoLh, v^^touS^ig iTip^i (Ttwny.oXii^n<ToLV. 
OvTC^ / Iw (^^onT(^, wV STrei 2uAAot? tLuj ttoui^ikIuj k^ iio^.v i^TTro- 
^^fxioLV, nv x.oL?KQ(Ti T^oioLV, c^' 3-ictv iiS^cicrmv, v^ (TWuoLyctyo^v ra? dj- 
'^eig 7rcu<^oLg, cl^fiJ^et^iv ny^fJLovoLg S^vo, a>v tov ^jSp iTi^v oi TTouhg gj^g- 

^olvIq 

tentis oculis torveintuereturhofpites, Pompe- ipfum quoque ad coenam natalibus fuis vocaP- 

dius, Tu vero, inquit , quid refpondcs ado- fet, feriantes in parte quadam a:dium collu- 

lefcens? nonne tu etiampoteshofpitibus apud debant inter fe promifcue juniores 8c majo- 

avunculum ficut frater prxfto efle ? Obmute- res. Ludus erat judicia, accufationes 5c ab- 

fcente Catone, filentioque 8c vultu prse fe duftiones damnatorum. Ex judicatis pueris 

fercnte petitionem abnuere, fuftoUens eum unus facie fpeciofa a majore puero du61us ia 

Pompedius quafi de feneftra prjecipitaturus, conclave quoddam & vin6tus appcllavit Ca- 

promittere juffir, alioqui ipfum dejecturum tonem. Mox Cato re intellefta perrexit ad 

fe minatus eft, fimulque voce eft afperiore fores, repulfxqus ftatione 8c obfiftentibus e- 

ufus, 8c fufpenfum corpus identidem ex fene- duxit puerum, atque ira percitus recepic 

ftra libravit. Quod ubi ita diu Cato fufti- fecum domum, comitatique funt eum pueri 

nuit intrepidus 8c imperterritus, Pompedius cieteri. , 

eo depofito fubmiflc ait ad amicos, Quan- Ufque eo autem celebris erat, ut quum ef- 

tum Italiae proraittit hic puer boni? qui fi fet Sylla certamen facrum equeftre pucrorum, 

yir fit, ne unum quidem fuffragium opinor in quam Troiam nominant, editurus, 8c con- 

populo ferremus. Alio tempore quura pro- traclis nobiiibus pueris, duos dcfignaflct du- 

pinquus quidam Catonis inter alios pueros ces eorum, quorum pueri alterum raatris cau- 

Vo L. IV. E e fa 



2i8 K A T n, N. 

^cLvJo J^tct tIw (JLY\Ti^ ( MergAA«<? ^ Iw qoV t? SuAAa yiweaKog ) jcy '^ 
erg^f, oih7\(p^^HV ovioL Tlo/ii7rmj Xi^Tov, a^ «&)v bJ^e i^ii7\ov}o ju.iMT^v 
iiSs iTTi^. TTUJu^ciVof^ii Q r» SJAAct 7<W (^iiXoivJo, TTcLvlig KorKrav, KoL- 
TCdVoL' jc, 0, rg 2s^r(^ otiVoV «^a? 7rflt^«;:^gf &)V x^gjrlow r/te) cpiKoTi^ioLV. 
iTvxi ^ <^iA©" wv S^AAct? TruTeJLX-og cwTolg, kou ttots 7r^o(rY\ycLyiTo 
Kj Tr^oa-a^iMcny' o7\iyoig ttolvv vi^odv toiouutIw (pi?^o(p^ocrujulw (^ioi (^d- 
f(^ Kj oyKov h ^x^v oL^x^g K) (hwctfA.iCi)g. (XiyoL i^ 7roiii^(^ o 'Zol^ttyi^ 

^ddV tQto TT^g TifJLnV oifJLOL J^ oi(T(poi7\HaVi Yj-j^ oic!JOrU(rO(J^OV TOV KoLTavoL 
CIWSX^^ f'V t!w ohioLV tQ SJAAot, (JLYX^iV TOTi TT^^nMv OLCTi^COV ;^6)'§« <^10L~ 

^iPii(roLV, 'can) 7rA>id«^ t^ oiyof^cov it^ ^-^i^ohai^aiv. Iw (jS{j »j/ h^ omw- 
vo t4 Kctr6)w Tios-a^i^TKcui^imTov. Mv o Ki(pa7\cLg cBiipavcov oivS^^m M- 
yo^(tiv cm>cofJn(jii^agi >^ ^vCpa raV Tra^vlag cBi^ivovJag, t^^cdTno-s tov 
TtcuS^aycdyov, on ^n tQtov tov dv&^cdTrov iiJ^ng "^^m^ilivvvcnv. «7roi/7(^ J^' c/k€i- 
va, Oo^atQ ^ ctJrov, « ttcm, (JLa7\Kov « (jLi(rS(riv. Ti av, HTnv, iiK h/jLo) 
^i(p^ it^oiKag, 'iva uvtov oiviT^cov dmT^Jha^a ^aXeiag tIuu TraTeji^a; ra- 
Tov Tov 7\oyov oLKii(rag 6 Xa^vTYiS^odv, a(jLa v^ to flKi(X(JLa i^ to vr^a-cdTrov 
TrifjLTrAoi^ov avT^ o^yng j^ ^ag KaTiS^m, HTm ii^miv, m(rTi tq AoiTroV 
«i^t) 7r^(rix^v ct;tg/^&)? k^ a^^^vKoLTlm (jly) ti ToT^fJLYiO-Y) o^^oKcdTi^v- gr* 

iBp af TtOUL^cie/.OV taV (JLIK^V, OLTTiKeAVaTO Tolg i^OdTCd(nV, Tiva <pi7\H (jLOLAI- 

ffitj Tov <ih7\(por Tiva ^d>Ts^ov, ofiomg tov oih7\<pov' k^ TejLTov, dxeJ^? « 

TTOA- 

fa accepemnt (nam Metclla: erat uxoris Syl- horrebat. Annum agebat tunc Cato quar- 

Jx filius) alterum non admiferunt, quamvis tumdecimum. Is multorum qui illuftres viri 

Pompeii fratris filius efTetj Sextus nomine, dicebantur, capita efFerri videns, & prasfentes 

nequc exercere fe fub eo neque fequi eum fu- occulte ingemifcentes, rogavit magiftrum, 

ftinuerunt. Percunftante Sylk quem vellent, Eum hominem cur interficeret nemo? Sub- 

omnes alta voce poftulaverunt Catonem, fub- jiciente illo, Nempc timent, puer, eum ma- 

mittenfque fe ipfe Sextus Catoni, id decus gis quam oderunt. Quin igitur, inquit, mi- 

conceffit ut proeftantiori. Erat etiam corum hi gladium deditti, ut eo interempto afteru- 

Sylla amicus paternus. Unde eos aliquando erim ex fervitute patriam ? His vcrbis au- 

accerfcbat admittebatque ad coUoquium : ditis Sarpedo obtutumque ejus ficvultum irje 

quam Familiaritatem tribuebat ob majeftatem atque ardoris plenum confiderans, ufque ad- 

& faftigium imperii, quod obtinebat, & po- eo metuit, ut deinceps attenderet & obfer- 

tenti^se, perquam paucis. Quod Sarpedo mag- varet diligenter ne quid periculofius cona- 

num ducens juxta ad honorcm & ad fecurita- retur. Qiium adhuc admodum puer efler, 

tem, Catonem ducebat aflidue fiilutandi Syllas refponfum dedit exquirentibus quem maxi- 

caufa domum cjus: quae ob multos qui duce- me amaret.'' fracrem: quem fecundum.'* x- 

bantur Sc torquebaniurj nihil a carnificina ab- «l^^ie fratrem: 6c tertiumj quoufque eodem 

fub- 



t 



K A T n N. 219 

Tfo^KKoiiii^ T^iyov]^^ ctTriiTri]! 8f6)T^I 'fpoiMpQ^ iJ 6v «Aw<a, fjL^KKov g^s- 
^cM» r/tw TT^g Tov (ihK.(ph ^voiav. hn ^ ^kq(ti yiyovf^g, x^^'^ Kc«- 
7rim(^ «Jt UeiTTVYicriVy »)t dmS^^^uncriV, «V ctyo^v a TTfoiiAOsi/. /'^vfov 3 
c4t«i/« KafiCdvovl<^, ctvrog 7ra.§i}reiTo' jc, roiKAoL tcl ^ztfe^ rZa) ^iourctv kn 
fiLxe^Q? ;9 (Tvuurov^. y iv Y.m-Km oJ^ (raiCpi^Qiiiuuv) ^ ^gr6«oT)in ^-ceiy- 
/uLd^p^^, (^luLoKoyei tqiQt©-' eiVM,7r^og raV aAAa? o^grct^ojwS/ji^' ctAA* 
oVai', e<p«, <s^ Tov KaV&)i'(^ (3/ov ^^I^olKci) tov sjulov, iiS%v tfjLcwr^ (p^- 
vopLou XiTTTrid <^ioL<pi§eiV' i^ 0%' r^y(^M rivaL j^ fJLdLKaxicL c^^oOYiroiV ovo- 

fA.CL(TClS. 

'O KoLTCdV} iTfM tIw k^CdfrWubjU iKdL^iV t5 'kTTOT^hOiV^^y jULiTOm- 
ffCi?3 K) VetfjLOLf^^ fJLoH^y V&i* TrcLT^C^CtiV, iKOLTQV elx.Q(Tl TOJhcivlodV ^OfJLi- 
vlut), rlw {jS{J ^ioUTQLV iTl fJLOLh?K0V (Ttwi^eiXiV' ' AvlilVCLT^OV Q Tve^OV 'Z^ 

^CTO "^ ^oot^ (pi,Ko(To<p(jiV 7r^o(TSTouej.(TOLf^<^, Tolg ^&iitolig ftoixig-oL K) 7roA(- 
moT? cM^s^uero ^oyf/.oL(Ti, ^sfei 7roL(TCLV ^ cl^stLuj <^(T7ri^ Shi^voict nvi 
xaTolcTx^f^ y^yovodg, S^ia^Po^odg q t» ;taAa ro rzjfei jy^v ^i>iouo(Tvvh/j cLn- 
ng ^ a.)LafL7i\QV eig cMieimav h ^otg/i^ vTrs^nyaTrmo^g' HcTm o j^roi/ o^yct- 
Vi)LQV «V ttAjjQw Koyov, oL^im, cd(T7r&^ h 7ro7\M fJLiycLKy}, rn 7roXiriKn cpi- 

X0(T0(pi(X. )ij fZCtX^fjLOV HVaU Ti rt^r^gCpOjU^OI/. « jU^JuVot fj,i^' kri^ddV STTOi- 

eiro rdg fii7\irag, »<^' m^od(Td]o Myovl^ «cT^V* ctAAot Kf Tr^g nva *?/) 
Irai^CtiV Hirovla, Mif^(povrcu (th KdrciiV 01 dv^^cdTTOi rriv cncdTrrjv' Moi/oi/, 
i(pn) fJLYi Tov ^iov. d^^ofJLai 3 7\iyeiv, orav fxvi fjLiKhcd 7\iyeiV d^ia (TiCti- 
ttJi?. 'H 

fubinde repetito refponfo, deftitit alter a per- viginti talentum, vivendi rationcm impendio 

cunftando. Ubi adolevit, confirmavit etiam magis adftrinxit :atque AntipatroTyrio, Stoi- 

atque etiameam benevolentiam infratrem : fi- carfefta: philofopho, in contubernium allefto, 

quideni annos natus viginti fine Caepionenun- incubuit potiffimum ethicis 6c politicis pra;- 

quam coenaverat, non peregre profeftus, non ceptis, atque ad omne genus virtutum quafi 

in forum progreflus fuerat : verum unguen- afflatu aliquo lymphatus eft raptus. Supra ta- 

tum fumente illo repeilebat id, csteraque re- men cxtera officia juftitiam amplexus eft ri- 

ftriftamvitam & rigidam tenebat. AcCsepio, gidam & inflexam vel ad benignitatem vel 

quum frugalitas ejus & moderatio extoUere- gratiam. Excoluit etiam dicendi in concione 

tur, fatebatur talem fe efle, fi cum aliis con- facultatem, volens in politica Philofophia, 

tenderetur. At ubi cum Catonis vita, inquit, tanquam ampla civitate, etiam vires quafdam 

comparo meam, nihil mihi ipfe videor a Sip- obiter ali belHcas. Haud prtefentibus aliis ta- 

pio differre: norainans quendam decantati men exercuit fe, nequc quifquam audivit de- 

luxus 8c moUitiae. clamantem : fed & amico dicenti, Hominesfi- 

Caso autem poftquam facerdos ApoUiniseft lentium tuura Cato reprehendunt, Modo, in- 

faftus, mutato domicilio, partitus patris hae- quit, ne vitam : tunc ad dicendum accingnr, 

ifiditatem, ex qua portio fuit ejus cenium &: quura non difturus fim filencio digna. 

E e z ^ Ra- 



o 



20 K A T n N. 



KcLT(idv(^' HOd^oTig ^v cAifi ;^^«/xotTt'(^«v ol iH,uci^x^^^^ Kiov(^ Tolg i^l(p^oig 
IfxwoS^odV avcLi <^0}iQv](B^y iyvmcLv v(pi,7\m cjlvtov « fJLiTCJLSY\(rcii. tQto KctTda- 
va TT^mov «V dyo^v anovlct Tr^o^ycfj^. oivJis^y) y^ avTolgi >t, Trii^oLV oLfjLd 
TH KoyH )^ Ta (p^ov^fJLOLT^^ <^»V 2^ouuiJL(i^Y].v^y:) 7\oy(^ viOL^v [Bp ^S\v 
h(Pe }LOfv^ov «;^sf, aAA riv o^3-i(^ m) c^TrM^yi? hdut^x'^''- ^ fxyivoL7\.~ 
Act Kcu ;^ct6/? oiycdyog dKorig imT^ix^^ '^^ ^^^i^fVnTi i^ V0Y\fjLaiTUiVy kou 

TO «3-©^ OLVtQ KOLTafJLiyVVfjSfOV YlS^OVnV TIVOL KCU fJLeii^ioLfJLOL 73J (TifJLviJd TTOLO- 

(iX^^ ^^ ctTToiv^^coTrov. yi 3 cpodVYJj fMsyi^et fj^ ^smx^Scrai kcu (^ia^Kng dg 

TOCr^TOV cJ^lKi^ SYifJLOVf lcTXJjV Q KOU TOVOV CipjiYl^OV ^X^^ ^^ (XT^VTOV. nfjLi- 

^v y) o7\lw eiTFCdV 7ro?J\.oix.ig, hx. dmyo^t^div. tots cT' ai/ x,^Tn(roLg tyi?. j 
S^mg^ TToiAiv kcwToy «V Tnv (nonTrnv kcu tyjv cx.(TKn<nv (rujuig-et7\.iv' KUi <^i€7rovet 

TO (TUfJLOL yVfJLVCLQ-ioig CMS^yoHg, l^i^oy^OV dviX^^ KCU KOLVfJiOLTOL KCtl vKpe- 

Tov dKOL7\.v7f}(t> Ke(poLXn, KDu (^oLS^i^eiV cv Toug 6(^ol;g irdaoLV od^v d^i^ 6xn~ 
(XCLT^. T^ (pi7\odV ol a-ujuiK(hfJLQv}ig 'ii^iroig sx?^^°> ^<^i 7ro7\7\dKig iKd^cd 
7ra^i^cL7<h.iV 6 KctV&it/, cjv fJLi^H 7r^o(r(^ia7\iy6iJ&p(^y (^^ra^P^ avTog, 6'xjd- 
fj^odv. d-DuufJLa^n Ka) fs^ Tag v6(Tiig -^fJLovn fjLiT kfk^.THag kx^nTo. 

TTV^iTlodV '^ fJLOV^^ iO/ ioUUT^ S^mfJLie,^^, fJLnS^iVa 7r^0(Tiil^(^ ^X^^ « jSg- 

^aiov di^QiTo paTO^vlw Ka) f/.iTa^oohnv tS vocrnfJLaT^^. 

'^V 3 TO^g (S^eiTTVQig WiAHf «TO (S^ T^ fJHeJiS^OdV. el 3 )KT07\dxOh Tt^^TOV 

CLi^HV 

Bafilicam, qiije Porcia dicitur, dedicaverat diem diceret, non eft confeftus. Quum eara 

jn cenfura Cato Major. In ea tiibuni plebis caufam oblinuinet, reduxit fe ad filentium de 

dare audientiam foliti, quum columna fubfel- integro, 8c ad exercitationes. Corpus validjs 

liis officere videretur, eam deliberaverant re- exercitationibus lubigebat, afTucfaciens fe ad 

movere vel trajiccre. Id Catonem primum aftum & nivem aperto capite fcrendam, at- 

protraxit in forum invitum. Nam objecit fe que ad iter omnibus anni temporibus pedi- 

illis, mirificumque dedit eloquentiae pariter bus faciendum. Amici qui eum comitaban- 

& aniraorum fpecimen. Etenim nihil orutio tur, utebantur equis, ac f^epe modo buic, 

cfus juvenile, nihil fucatum habebat: fed e- modo illi viciflim adjungcbat fe Cato, col- 

rat elata, plena & afpera. Urbanitas tamen loquens cum vehentibus, ipfe pedibus ingre- 

aures mulcens fententiarum diftinguebat bre- diens. Ad hicc incredibili erat in morbis to- 

vitatem, morefque ejus in oratione clucentes lcrantia cum continentia: fcbricitans enim fo- 

condimentum quoddam & leporem feveritati \\xs fecum diem traducebat ncmine admi/To 

pricbcbant non injucundum. Vox fatis erat quoad firmam allevationem & convcrfioneo) 

canora, & fufficiens ut a tanto populo exau- fentiret morbi. 

diretur. Vires & latera firmiffima habcbat In coenis fortem mittebat de portioni- 

& iuQcfatigata. Nam fubinde quum integrum bus. Si fors ipfum deftituiflct, amicis ut 

pri- 



K A T A N. 221 

y mr cte,X'^^ ^ a.7rci'^ cJ^Timv cBi to (S^eiTrvov dviTwiV-, tt^IovIi. q ts? 
yfijvo! lULOLhiTct 7r^(risTo Trivetv, ^(rT€ Tto7\7\ciuq bi oiW i^icLyeiV eig o^^p^v. 
cuTiav (^' iMyov oi (piAoi TiiTH tIw ttoXit^clv k^ tcl (^Y)fjLo<rici 7r^yfA.aT0L, 
TTojg ^g 'c^Xctg Tov KoLTOiVOL T(X,g Y)fJLi^g ovJdy >^ KQiAvof^ov (piAoAoyeih 
vvkIcc^ Kj (^^ T^oTov (Tvfyivi^ Tolg (pt?\o(ro(poig. ^lo k^ MifJLfxi^ Tivog cv 
(TvXhoyct) (p^crcLvJC^ ohcLg tov KoLTOdvct fjLiU(T}ii^ Tctg yvKJoLg, \5^j7\cl^^v 
Km^odVi cAieivo q » Agy«?, elyriv, oti k^ Tctg r]fj.i^g oKag Kv^djet. kol^- 
oAa 3 Tolig TOTi ^ioig y^ Tolg cJhTY^S^SjfJLcKTiv o KctTO>)V tIw cvolvHolv o JVy 
ojojuS|ju(^ t^eiv (boiJ^il^iV, &)V ao-i (poujKQig k^ iu.syoL7\ng ^ofBpoig fu.iTOL^oAYig-y 
iTtei TTo^ipv^v iod^ tIw KoLTOLKo^odg k^vS-^v J€, O^g^Otl/ Ctyct7^(t)[B{')huU, CUJ- 
Tog 'i(poe,ei t\w fjLi7\ouvav. TtoTKT.cLng S^' civv7tohj(^ v^ dxiTOdV elg to (^nfzo- 
(Tiov 7r^om fJLiT cte^^oi/, » S^o^av qm ToujTYig '^ KcuvoTy]T(^ ^n^dy^^^o 
dX7\d g^-j^wv kauTQV cJ?n Tolg ou^^lg alaxtwi^ fjLovoig, 't^ q ctAAdat-' , 
dS^o^(tiV KaTa(p^veiv. >i, K7\n^vofj,iav 5 cwtu Tr^cr^^ofjS-plw dvi^^i^ Kd- 
To^v<^ haTov Ta7\dv\(x)V eig d^yve/ov (Tuvayaycdv, ^ra^eix^v dvdj TOKOdv 
X^y\^ '4 (^iouSfCt) ^ (pi7\oi)V. iVioi K^ x^^^ ii S^CS^^TrovJag ouut^ (^i^ov^ 
T©^ K^ ^i^cuiv\(^, v7rikv}o 7r^g to ^nfJ-oaiov. 

'E7r« tii^v mTO Tr^g ydfxov 'ix^^^ ^hfj.id ywuoUKi (TUJJi7\n7\vS^gj 
Y\^fio(raTO Ai7ri(^av, 7r^Ti^v pSp 'ifyvYi^ei^rav ^KiTficovi MstsAA^), t<)ts -j 
dTFeiTrafJ^ii tQ ^Kt7iiodv(^^ n^ r' kfyvng ?\vSei(rn? a";^oAct(^8(ra{'. « f>LYjV a-AAct^ 

mam tolleret inftantibus, parum id ait con- ram videret afFatim rubore fulgentem & latu- 

venire invita Venere. Initio femel tantum ram in pretio efTe, ipfe ferebat nigram. Cre- 

quum bibiflct fuper coenam, digrediebatur : bro fine calceis & runicaproccdebat a prandia 

verum progreflu statis maxime dedidit fe po- in publicum : non quod gloriam ex hac novi^ 

tui, ac fubinde in vino iifque ad diluculum tate aucuparetur, fcd quo afTuefaccret fefeob 

tranfegit. Prxtendebant hic rempub. amici folam turpitudinemcrubefcerc& infamiascon- 

& publica negotia, in quibus totos dies di- temnere reliquas. Quum hcEicditas-ei veniflec 

ftriftum, & prohibitum philofophice vacare patriiclis Catonis centum talentum, redegic 

Catonem, noftu atqae inter pocula ferere cam in argentum, & cui opus crat ex amicis, 

cum philoibphis coUoquia. Qiv.ipropter quum mutuo dabat fine foenore Aiii prccdia quo- 

Merrrmius quidam diceret in ccetu totas co- que 6c fervitia ejusconcedentis& autoritateiii. 

meflari noftes Catonem : fubjiciens Ciccro, accommodantis jerario oppignerab.int. 

Sed illud non addis, inquit, totos dies eum Ubi jam .-etatem fuam connubio putavit 

alea ludere. Omnino autem ab illius lempo- maturam, nullius antea confuecudine rauhe- 

ris moribus & ftudiis divcrfam cenfcns Cato ris ufo dcfponfa fuit Lepida, Scipioni IVle- 

viam capiendam, tanquam corruptis & mag- tello ante pafta, quas fponlahbus diremptis. 

nam requircntibuscorreftionern,quumpurpu- cunc fui juris erat. Cceterum quod. pceni- 

tentia. 



222 K A T A N. 

im^iX^eiv (^id (S^mg' &)V o oi ^ihoi tQto imlwxrcvii o^yn k^ vsoTi^Ti T^i-^cLg 
iDuuTov eig lciju.^iig, 7ro7\7\oi tqv ^ummcL xa^Jfecrg, tw 7rix,§a) Tr^^rx^wd- 
ju^©^ Ta 'A^;:^iAo;:^y, to q d)io7\ci^ov d(pHg k^ ncuS^cLeA&hg. iyn^j^ q 
'AtlkIclv 2&)ppcti/s? ^uycin^, >^ toJtji tt^wtoi/ a-tM;>iA6gi/, «' ^oi/w q, xaOot- 
TTgf Acu7\iog XKiTrm^ iTdI^(^' ctAA <l»Ti;;^£f2f<^ c/M«t/(^, cv ttoAAoI? 

T^ i) J^aAaa noKi^H (TUJues-cdT^^i ov 'ETTci^Tdmov cMd7\^v, Ti7\7\i(^ 
fj^ s^^TYiyei, KdT&iv q t' 9^Ty)yictg pLiTHXiV g9gAoi/7«V, c^ict toj/ ctJ^gA- 
<:poi'* Ixi-T^id^X^ y^ ^ dh7^.(pog clutQ Kcuttmv. k^ x?^^^^ Aj eig oVoi; 

g^^ASTO TW TT^oBviUACi K^ dcrKWei T' d^iTY]g iiX VTT^^iV DUUT^-, iid TO (JLYi 

Ka7\£g g-^Tnyii^cu tov 7ro7^.€jtjLov' ctAA&)? q, cz^ 7ro70\huu (jLci7\a>iia.v yi 
T^vcpluu rp^ QMei ?-^T(^o(j^cdV, cJ^S'a}ivvp{j<^ SjTct^icLV, )c, dvodkcdoLV 
dvS^^eicLV, >^ To ^cty^ctAov cv 7ud(ji Kj '^uviTov, iS^om (JLY\^\v ^hiohh T» 
7rct7\DuQ KotT&)i/©^. Q Ti7\7\i(^ dejL^-eictg k^ TifJidg ctUT^ hct7r^i7feig ty^^ 
*J/gj/, dg zAieiv^ iiK i7\ct^iv, «J^g 7r^o(rinx.ctTo, <pn(rag d^iov fjLYi^h ei^yd^ 

Tl^ff. iK Ti (^ THTOdV d7\7\0K0T(B^ i^OKei' 7ij VO/itii y^Ct(piv\(^y 07U(dg To]? 

(^^[yi7\7\ii(jiv eig d§x^ ovofjLctTo7\oyoi fjLYi irct^Sidiv, x^^^^OL^X^ctv jULiTiCdv, 
fjLov(^ i^ri^iTO T^ yofjLCdy K^ ^i ouutQ 7roiYi(rdf^(^ i^yov dcmd^i^ Kj 7r^o(r~ 
ayo^^eiv T^g c^vfxdvovJag, acfg cwTolg dvi^tax^ng huu Toig i^rcuvQcriv, 

otroi/ 

tentia Scipionetn ante nuptias fubiflet, omnia caufa Caepionis, qui tribunus militum erat. 

molitus duxit eam. Qua re incenfus vehe- Atqui explicare quantam cupiebatalacritatem 

menter efl: & exarfit Cato, voluitque id ju- & exercitationem virtutis, quod dux gereret 

dicio perfequi : fed retentus ab amicis, ira 8c rem imperite, nequivit. Dum tamen in mag- 

juventute confultricibus, ad iambica fe con- na militum lUorum ignavia 8c luxu prteftitit 

vertit, multifque probris Scipionem profcidit. difciplinam, atque, ubi ufus quaereret, virtu- 

Felle in eo fcripto ufus efl Archilochi, re- tem, omnibufque in rebusaudaciam&pruden- 

lifta ejus lafcivia 8c nugis puerilibus. Inde tiam, nihil concedere exiftimatus eft veteri 

Atiliam Sorani filiam matrimonio fibi con- Catoni. Unde Gellius prcemia ei 8c eximios 

jungit, cum qua prima concubuit: verum honores tribuit, quos ille non accepit neque 

non cum fola, ut Scipionis familiaris Lselius; admific, nihilgeftumferenshonoribusdignum. 

cseterum fclicior ille longo quo vixit tempo- Hinc perverfus habitus eft. Deinde lege lata 

re unam, quam primam duxerat, cognovit ne candidati nomenclatores haberent, tribu- 

mulierem. natum militum petens folus legi paruit, & 

Bello fervili conflato, quod Spartacium vo- per fe elaboravit falutare atque appellare ci' 

caverunt, pra^erat exercitui Gellius. Eo in ves. Quamobrem non caruit invidia vel apud 

bello voluntaria ftipendia Cato fecit, fratri^ eos ipfos qui eum commendabant : quod quo 

ma- 



K A T /1 N. 223 

pVoi/ jULoihT^y CMO^V TO mhoV aV iTTiTn^djiV, TO J\j(r/Ul/U.yiTOV CWT^ ^d^V- 

vof^oK;' 

'ATroS^eix^^'! X^^^^X^ ^^ MoDce^hvlaVy iTcifjLiriTO Tr^g 'P«^g/ov roi/ 
^^Tnyov. h^A S'» 7\iyi^-> t" yiJuucuK.6g dx^oi-^ng >t, ^a^v^u-ng-, ha. T^i' 
.(pi^Km ra Y.a,Tm(^ ybiVcLTiov elTreiV) fl 'AtikIol B-d^a-a' t^tov lyd croi 

,0V7\Ct^6d' TTclvv fjS{J «1/, (pOLVCU TOV KOLTCdVOL' Kj TT^OiX^Ovlci jULiOLg Y)[JLl^.g 

oS^ov, djQvg eiTfeiv fX^ to t^eiTrvoVy ciyi oTTOdg w MavcLTii tm 'ATiTiia. tIw 
vm^i(riv ifJLm^(id(Ty}g-) fjLwe nfJLi^g hjuQ fjL^Ti vvKiog d(pi?-dfj^(^. c4t q t»- 
T'd (^vo xKivoLg elg touuto S^a^fJLdTiov cju.iK^iri Ti^s^-, ;^ tov MiivdTiov iiTOig 
eiei }LOL^(^<Peiv fJLiTd TTouSidg <pv7\ciLc^op{Jov \:m tQ KctVftjj/©-'. eiTTovlo q cuj- 
•m TTsvlsKUi^sKcL fjS{j ohiTcu, <S\jo Q d%t7\(^h^oi-, (Pihoi Q TioiGL^eg. &v ox^- 
fjQpoiV 'iiTTroig, cwTog del d^TToLT^S Ud^co 7rcL§i<^uh7\iV, cv fii^et ■n^o^jhoL- 
Ag^OjU$l^(^. t-Kei miv eig to f^ToVgcToi', TrXeiovm TOLyfJLdTdnv ovjcdv, Ivog 
d^X^^ ^<^«;^6e<? ijztra tQ '^p^TnyQ, t' fj^ ISiug d^^TYig fjudg «Vti? fjLix^v 
i^yov Y\yeiTo k^ « fB>actAtMoi/ tIuu cJmi^ei^iv' cuui^ T^oimou T^g d^x^f-^^^ 
vag ofjLoiag fjLdT^i^oL (pi7\0TifJL'iii^(^j a tov (po^ov dcpeiXiv -^ cJ^^aioLg, dh- 
7\cl 7r§o(ri^mi tov 7\oyov' « Trei^m (S^ kaV» ^ i^Mamv-, iTTof^ng t<- 
.fjLng >9 }io7\d(Twgi ^otAgTrci; Iw eiTreiv ttot^ov ei^lwiKQg fJLd7\7\ov n 7ro7\ifXi~ 
K^g n Tr^oS-vfuoTie^g n (^iKuioTi^ng Tru^iu-Kdju^re T^g dv^^g. iiTOdg \(puivov- 

TO (poCi§o\ fj8{J Toig TTOhifJLlOig, nfXi^Oi 3 Toig (TVfjLfJLdxOigy UTOXfjLOl 3 TT^g 

To d<^iKeiVf (pi7\0TifJL0i 3 %e,og tsV iTfcuvag. « q «Vifot KctV&)V g/Tg^«Aw5-«, 

TH- 

magis laudabilia ftudia, quas fefVabatur, con- decitn, duo liberti Sc quatuor amici : quibus 

fiderarent, hoc gravarentur magis eorum, equo veftis ipfe pedibus incedens applicabat 

quam non valerent imitari, excellentiam. fe viciflim cuique coUoquebaturque. Ut in ca- 

TribunusmilitumcrcatusinMacedoniammif- ftra venit, ex pluribus legionibus uni a pr^e- 

fuseftadRubrium practorem.Hicferuntuxore tore pntfeftus, luam unius virtutem exigu- 

Catonis moerore prefla & flente, quum unus um opus nec regium ducebat explicare : fed 

ex amicis ejus Munatius dixiffet, Bono animo milites fui reddere fimiles maxime enicens, 

es Atilia,hunc ego cuftodiam tibi : Sane qui- non formidinem detraxit imperio, fed adjccit 

dem,dixifteCatonem: progrefTumqueiterunius admonitionem perrationem: qua finguU per- 

dici ftatim a coena dixifle, Age Munati ut fuadens iis, docenfqite adjunflo honore &poe- 

prxftes Atihae promifla, neque die vel nofte na, difiicile erat dicere quictiores an bcllico- 

abfcedas a me. Inde duos leftos eodem in cu- fiores, an alacriores, an juftiores milires red- 

biculo juflit fterni, ut ibi dormiret Munati- diderit. Adeo pra;buerunt fe hoftibus formi- 

us: atque ita fuiflTe illum per jocum a Cato- dabiles, manfuetos fociis, timidos ad makim, 

nc affervatum. Comitabantur eum fervi quin- & acrcs ad kudem. Unde quod minime Ca- 

to 



':224 K A T n N. 

<piXo(p^ocrtJUjy] cz^ "^ f^TiWT^". oi -ja) ki^otQ tmTcLTliV^ h^dMg (^iaTTo- 
vav,K^ g-ohriv fjS{j Kji^mTOLV Kj Tfo^eiav Ikhvoi? fjidhAov vi Tolg ai^x^^^^ of/,oi' 
«^(^, n^ei 3 Kj (p§ovYj/u.ciTi k^ T^oyco TrdvJai; vni^cv.^odv tbV cwToy.^To^^ 
K^ '^^Tny^<; 7r^o(rayo^^ofjS{j'd?, iha^i S^icl TiiTCt)v ap,a ty\V Trpo? a\JTov iv- 
■vo\,av ie,ya(Ta.i^©^ Tolg oiviSp^<riv, d^iTn? y^ dMd^vog dH. sfyive^ l}ix<^, « 
J^i .ciKf^g tQ i^^c^i<Sov](^ Sjvoiag v^ nfJLYig. ol q olv^ tQ (piMh iTrouvdvlzg 
Tdg dya^dg, cdS^dv^ tIw So%av cw^P^, a S-ujufzdl^mi o tIw d^iTlut), a j^g 

fH.fVdVJ. 

UvOof.^<^ 3 'A^lwo(Scd^ov Tov cJmm7\d(jC^pov Ko^^hima fJnydKhuu g|ti/ 
hv Tolg llTOdiKo^ig Koyoig lxov\a, (^taTeji^eiV rafei U^yafJLov, «J"» yvi^iov 
-ovJa, Kj Ttdoroug SDpodi^pi^aTa Tcug ny€fj.oviKcug k^ ^acrihiKoug a-ui/YiS-eicug 
■iij cpixioug S^tafjLifiYixciLVYii^ov, ii(S\v coiTo TfifiTTOdV Kj y^.cpodv m^iveiv -n^g 
wuTov, d7\7\d ix^^ '^^^ "^^ vofLH (^^(Soi^lw ^sTiZK^nfJLiav <Sveiv fjilwoiv, 
i7cXSj(TiV eig tIju) 'A(Tiav ciJm tov dvS^, 7ri9<^cov Tolg cv avia Ka7\olg f/.vi 
.dTvxn(reiV t' dy^.g. o-uP^o|u9f)©-' q ^ KaTayct^viddfjjp©^ k^ fJLna^^wag 
CM -^ TT^oou^idiCtig avTov, YiKiv dyodv eig to ^^.TOTtiSov, ((j^t-xoi^^g k^ f/.&- 
ya^KO^p^ov^v, cdg ti KdK7\i<g-ov ij^YiKOdg, v^ KafJci^^Ti^ov m Tlofi7rni(^ toti 
Kj A^Ko7\K(^ iSvm K^ ^a^TiKeiOdV KaT^^^i^povlo (tiw 'o7t7\oig (^'ioQig. 

"En Q avTd ca^ TY>v (g-p^Tnyiav ov\(^, 6 dhK(pog eig tLuj 'Aa-iav (haS^U 

fyVj C^O(TYi(Ti ^Zefet (dectKlw bj KivOd. %j y^fJ.fXaTO. Ij9{J (^Ovg YiKi 7U^g 

TOV 

to morabatur, id cfl imprimis alTequutus, prxclare exercitatum apud Pergamum agere 

gloriam & benevolentiam, & eximium ho- a:tate jam prove£tum, qui pertinaciffime om- 

norem, & ftudium militum. Nam quce ali- nium imperatorum regumque confuetudinem 

is imperabar, ea quia ultro prseftabac ipfe, & amicitiam repulerat: nihil arbitrabatur fe 

veftitu autem & vi6tu itinerifque labore nuntiis & literis apud eum efFefturum : ve- 

comparabat fe illis magis quam ducibus, gra- rum quod in duos menfes jus haberet libera; 

vitate vero, prudentia, facundia, omnibus legationis, in Afiam ell ad eum profe<£tus, 

antecellebat qui nomen obtinebant imperato- confidens virtutibus fuis non fruftratum iri fe 

rum & ducum:' fimul his artibus devinxit prxda. Colloquutus cum eo, expugnatum 6c 

clam fibi animos eorum. Quippe germanus depropofito deje£l:um deduxit in cailra, ov^ans 

virtutis amor non influit niii per fummum & glorians ut re prxclarillima capta, 6c fplen- 

imprimentis eum ftudium & revcrentiam. Si- didiore gentibus regnifque qu:E Pompeius 

ne amore qui celebrant bonos, eorum glori- tunc 6c LucuUus armis circumvolantes fub- 

am reverentur, non fufpiciunt neque imitan- jugabant. 

tur virtutem. Interea dum in militia agir, fraterejus Afi- 

Athenodorum autem quum intellexifiet, am petcnsiEni in Thraciain morbumincidit: 

Cordylionera cognomine, in Stoica difciplina de quo confeftim fadus cii per literas Cato 

cer- 



K A T A N. 225 

Tov KctT(t)Vci. ^^«iW^fifc^ 3 TToAAa xa.Tix^vl(^ tIw B-ci^.ciTla.v, kcm vswV 

W(XW jU-iyi^^ f^'^ -KCJLe^iiTY^q , «V fJLi>tO^V oKKOlS^OL y (JLOVOV (^VO (plKag KCU 

T^eig ouiTctt; dvciKoL^aiv, cM QioroLKovim dvrix^n' J^ TTrt^' ac^W gAQ&Jf 
KOLTOLTtovlcti^hou , tJ;^w Tti/t os^hoyco a-odS-ek, ai^Ti TihmoT^ tQ Kcu- 

7ric^v(^-j \fJL-KOL^i?i^0V i^O^iV « (plhO(ro(pOdT€§OV bvikHv TY\V (rvfjL^po^v' a 

fjLovov Khouu^fJLoig v^ akATpiv^idi T» ViK^^y ;^ (^a^vTm aJttji?, aAAct ^9 
(S^oLTroLVV) cs^ Twv TcKpilv, j^ Tr^yfjLOLTeiciig 3-vfjLiaf/,ciT(!)v, yy IfxaTionv ttoKv- 
TiT^m dvhaTamivlct^Vy >^ fjLvifJiaT^ Jgf« A«'3-&)i/ Qa^ric^v >W TahcLvlctiv ok.~ 
T(a KaTa(r}t^a^ivl(^ cv tm AtvtW clyo^a.. TavTct yO hiot k(TVKo(pcLv\>iJ 
Tfpjg TYiv (x.7\7\!w ciTv(pia.v TH KoLTOiv^, « KaS-o^^vJsg o(roy cm tw "^^3^ 
KcTbtuV VLj (po^^g y^ i^srKreig oLvc^i^tioTiig dyvdfjLirlod ^ <^ij'^(^ t» otJ/cTpoV 
To YifXi^ov cMYiv v^ (pi.7\o^o^yov. elg q TavTd R, 7ro?\eig avTw v^ ^\ujd<^ca -koX- 

7\d V^ TifJLYiV tQ TsOl'g&)T©-' gTrg^aTTOV 6)1/ C/Jif<!/i^ ;^^yi^CtTOt |r/.^(] TTCZ^' aJ^g^o? 

g^gJoiTo^ SvfJLidfJLaTa 3 j^ Kcxrfj.ov \7\dfL^aviv, Tifj,\]v "^(^n^^g Tolg -Kifx- 
•KHUiv. t K?.Yi^ovofjLiag eig olvtov ts k^ SvydTPAov t8 KiWTr/ftJV©^ m>i(TY,gi 

bfisC tol/ dvY)X(id(Ti fZtfec TOl/ TCt(^Ot/ CtTrMTHO-gl/ Ci» TW l'g|M,nV«. >^ TCtt/TCt 77"^'- 
^av\(^ avVd J^ Tr^Vloi/l©-', IIV O y^^^j/Ct? oVt KO(TKiv(S ty\v Ti(po^v tQ fg- 

KpQ fjLiTi^aT^e >u (^^n^im, P(^fua-/ot/ (^ht^O' KaTauKaviApov. iiTceg «' tJ ^/(J)c-i 
fj.ovov, ctAAct j^ Trf) y^(pei« tov dvvirSj^vov jc, dvvKoi^mv cBi^^^ev. 

'ETfei 'j T£A(^ ci;Ksv « <^^.Teia tw KdTOdvi, 7r^oimfjL(p^y\ ^k <^';^cm?, o 
Koivoi/ kiVj aVs iKcuvoig, d7^hd, Sa.K^v(r^ j^ /Ztfe^tooAciTs' otTrAjjfois-, -Cj^tMv^ 

TCt)V 

cenior.Quum autem gravts in mari tempcftas dentes preces Inflexibilitate Sc afperitate, in- 

'feviret, ncque effet ad manum amplior navis, eflet leniratis & pietatis. Multa vero ei ad 

in exigua oneraria cum du )bus tantum ami- funus civitates &c dynaftse honoris defunfti 

cis & tnbus fervis ex TheiHilonica folvit.Pe- caufa miferunt: ex quibus pecuniam illc a 

ne fubmerfus infperata quadam fortuna inco- nemine, fed odores 6c ornamenta accepir, 

lumis evaliL Ca^pione modo defunfto. Vi- reddito mittentibus pretio. Csepionis au- 

fus eft autem animo imbecilliore cafum quam tem hsereditate fibi Sc illius fili^ delata, ni- 

pro philofopho tulifle, non lamentationibus hil eorum qua: in funus impendit, repetiic 

folum & cadaveris amplexibus moerorifque in partitione. Qlke quum fecifiet 6c face- 

magnitudine, verum etiam fumptu funeris, rer, inventus ell tamen qui fcriberet, quo 

odorum magnificentia, 6c veftibus pretiofis aurum conflatum inveftigaret, in cernieulo 

cum cadavere crematis, ac monumento poli- cribrafle eum 6c colaffe mortui cineres. Ita 

to cx Thafio marmore, quod conftitit ofto non gladio folum, verum etiam ilylo, puta- 

talentis, in iEniorum foro locato, Hiec enim vit impune fibi quod liberet, facere. 

in cxtera Catonis moderatione vellic.abant Expleta militia Catonis, non votis eum, 

quidam, non animadvertcntes quantum in il- quod tranflatitium crat, neque priEconiis, fed 

lius adverfus voluptates, terrores, & impu- lacrymis complexibufque profequuti funt, 

VoL. IV. Ff fub- 



/ 

326 K A T n N. 

Tm rai ifjLOLTtci toT? tto^tiv « (icK^iCoh ^ KctTci(pi7\.iiv\aiv Tcii; X^^&^^* * "^ 

aVTOK^TO^OdV oKiyoig fJLOT^l^ iTToiaV ol TOTi 'Vc^lXCUOi. f^»Aw3-«V TT^O TH 

TFoAiTiict TT^oa-iT^^eiV, cipLCJL \^ 7r?^ctvn^nvou m^' koe/av -^ 'Aa-iag, k^ ^i^ 
^idTrig Yi^cSv j^ (^iodv k^ S^iwdfJLmg t' fsfe^ hcig-lw iTfci^x^oLV' ctfjLoL o rw* 
rctActTH AmTci^Ct), ^OL ^ividLV Kou (piKioLV TrdT^c^ciV hoiBpod n^og olvtov 

ihSciv, fJLn cixati^^ntTCU' T^TOV TOV T^OTTOV iTrOietTO T>lt/ '^(^y)fJLioLV. Tt^HTifJL- 
TTiV OLfJL rifJLi^Ct TOV OL^TOTOIOV K^ TOV fJLCtyCi^Vy OTTii K0LTCt7\V(r€iV ifJLiXKiV. 

i)\ TTcivv KOG-f/,i(t\g >^ fii^' i^<rvxioL? «VsAOoi^g? av «V tIuj TfoAiv, « fjcY^Mg 

rVX^^ "^ KotV&ll/i (pi'k@-' ^V CWTO^l -KOLT^ci^ Y) yVCOe/.f^L'^, C4' TTGLVJ^O' 

xeict) tIw XTX^^oyhjij cwt& 7ra§icrK<^oL^ov, cM^o^Aai^g? ii^m' TTctvS^oKCiH ^^ 
fjLn ovl(^, iiTCiig TT^g t«V cte^ovla? T^7rop{joi, ^moLV hTKcifJL^oLvov, dyct- 
%&v\i(; tLuu <^o9f<(roti/, 7roA7\ciKig q d7ri<=^ai^oh j^ (z^o^odfjSfoi <^id to fjLri 

^C^V^Cji (JLY)^ dTTCiTK^ TOUJTOL TC^O^eiV TT^g T»V d^X^^vJoL?, "UZOT tQ KaV&)- 

y©-' d^T^Kloi K(jLTi7\ctfJL^dvov\o, J^ fJLd7\7\ov cWTog ocp^ag ^Aiycti^eiTO, j^ ttol^- 
€iX^v f^ "^ (po^riaiv (rtcd7rn Kct^s(^o{^p©^ \smvoioLv dvB-^cd^FH TcLTravQ yt 
<^^iQg. » fJLhjj d7\7\d K^ 7re^(TKa7\iif^©-' cwTog eiod^a 7\iyeiv, 'fl fjcox- 
^Yie^) fjLiTct^d7\7\iSri TcuuTYjg -^ KoLKo^ivioLg. ii TfdvJsg vfjclv d(pi^ov^ KocV«- 
ng. dfjL^T^vvoLTi rdig (pi7\o(pe^<jwuoug t!w cJE,iicrioLV owt^, (S^iofjSpcdV Trej- 
(pddiCdg, 'ivct ^ict T^oLfjL^dvodaiv, cdg 7t(jL^ hovJodv fJLn T^jfxdvovJig. 

'Ev 'HveJ.ci j^ y^T^olov ti T^iyQ ^roL^eiv' (hct(^i(^0iiv ^ eig 'AvlioxaoLV, 
^h «afei rdg 7Tv7\ctg gj&) 7rA«0©-' dv^§ca7roov iKOLj^odhv t" o^Q cz^UKejL- 

fBpOdV. 

fubfterncntes in via qua pergebat velles, magiftratibus aditis hofpitiiim accipiebant, 

fnanufque ejus deofculantes : qua; vix pau- contenti attributo. Sspe iis pro vanis habitis 

cis imperatoribus prarftabant iUius temporis defpeftifque, quia non exigebant hoc a magi- 

Romani milites. Quum in animo haberet, ftratibus ftrepitu velminis, fuperveniebat Ca- 

prius quara ad rempubhcam accederet, per- to nulla dum re parata. Magis autem ipfecon- 

agrare 6c vifere Afiam, morefquc 6c infti- temnebatur ubi fuit confpeftus, priebebatque, 

tuta atque vires cujufque provincise con- fuper farcinas tacitus fedens, imaginem homi- 

templari: fimul Deiotaro Galatarum regi, nis abjefti & trepidi. Veruntamen accerficis 

ob ius hofpitii & amicitiam paternam , ut aliquando magiftratibus dicere folebat, Depo« 

inviferet fe oranti, non abnuere : hoc mo- nite improbi homines hanc inhofpitalitatem : 

ilo inftituit iter fuum. Prxmittebat lucis non omnes ad vos venient Catones. Hebetate 

principio, quo divertere intenderat, piftorem comitate potentiam eorum qui occafionem 

& coquum. lUi perquam modefte & fedate quserunt vi ut capiant, quafi non impetrenta 

•oppidum ingrefG, fi nuUum ibi amicum pa- volentibus. 

ternum aut notum haberet, parabant ci in di- In Syriaetiam remridiculameifamaeft acci- 

Verforio pubUco cibum, neque erant uUi ini- difte. Antiochiam petens,extra portam cater* 

|>onuni : fi diverforium non eflet, tum demum vara hominum fpe£tavit ex utraque parte vise 



digeftorum. 



.K A T A N. 227 

mv. cM ol? i(pyi^oi, i^ %&)e/V cv ^i^AotjWyVt, li, wcjuh<; h^odB-i KoTfjLm 
^<^mz(TAV' i^YiTcig Y.cL^cL^q moi Kj <7i(pclviig dxov, k^&i<; Qioiv ovlig, « 

a^^Ovli?. TTOLvlctiV Jj/ (JLOLKAqV Ot»^«V YjCtTOdV CWTt^ nVCt TT^tIi^ TlfjLhjU Kj 

A^ma-iv \W -i^ TTohsodgy c^^yi^iTo jkSJJ To]g 7r^7rifA.<pdei(ri i^ IJ^iodV, odg fJLn 
KOi)Kv(raLcriv' QMiKSj^n ^ mTa^olwcu raV cpiAb;?, k, Tnljj Tr^m (/,€t cw'^. 
ag <^' sfyvg ricrctv, o 'KcLvIcjl ^ioLKO^ry^ oneiyoLj v^ tov o;^Aoi; ag tol^iv m^i-^ 
^oigj oLVYi^ %^i<T^vTie,(^ ni^ih '^d^^ov hv r« X'^^ *9 <Fi(poLvov x^i^i*, oLTrYiv- 

TV\(rSV t4 KoLTOdVi TT^ T^ (ZhhOOVi K^ fjLYlS^i cicmOi(TcLl^j(^j n^OOTOL TTH Afl- 

fjL^TeAov )K^MKoi7roL(Th >9 TrlwiKoL 7ra^i<;-cu. TlofjLTrniii j ^ y^yovddg o An- 

fJLYiTtf'^ olKiTYig' TOTi Q TtcLvlctiV, 6)V t77(^ ei7rfiVj oiv^^Ca^rOdV «V TlofjLTrYllOV 

)><Fn)^Ai7rovJoi)V, i^i^7rSjiTo 7roL^' d^ioLV, fjLiyoL 7roL^' oujiw SujuoLfMp(^. Tolg 
iSfj jJf cpiAoig T» KoLTOi}v(^ yiXodg c^iTTidi to^tQt^^j a(rT€ civoLKoL^iiv iouu- 
T»V W^ i^ujuavloj (^ioL tQ 7T?.nQiig cLfJLCJL ^cjL^i^C^ovlig. 3 Y^cLTObv TOTe nijjii' 
^^^ig i^ioLTi^.7reigj 'O. r' KoLKoS^cufLov^^, 'i<pY\, TioXmg' cLxKo '^ ^hv \~ 
(pUy^aTo' Xi$^^ ^'^^^^ ilod^et yi7\civ v^ cujTog Sth. t^too v^ hny^}^'^ 
j^ fivnfiovdjodv. 

Ov fj.lw, olAAol UofjLwm^^ cuuTog g7rgVf€\I/g raV oLv^^odTrag ara 7r/\YifL- 
(jLi7\^y\oLg dg tov KctTOiva. ^i ciyvaav. c^g yj elg "ECpetTov iK^odV, i7ro^<^iTo 
w^g dJUTov cicmacroinp(^ 7ve,i(T^vTi^v ov]a, j^ S^o^yi ttoKv Tr^movla, j^ 
i^vjjcj.fj.im TOTi fj-iyis^ctiv ny^i^Jov, ^S^odv o IlofjL7iY\iog, hk ifiaviv a/g ela- 

(TiV Ka^i^O^Ce) TT^fTiA^flV, OLAA Uig TiVl T^ K^ei-fiOVOdV oim^O^O^V 0L7f!jUUTn- 

(Tij 

'digeftorum. Inter quos in chlamydibus fta- culos defigentibus colebatur, quod multutn 

bant decore feorfum adulti, feorfum pueri. poflet apud eum fupra dignitatem fuam. Ibi 

Candidas veftesaliqui & coronas gerebant.Sa- coeperunt amici Catonisufque adeo cachinna- 

cerdotes hi Deorum erant aut magiftratus. ri, ut interea dum tranfirent per coetum non 

Ratus omnino Cato honorandi & excipiendi poflentfecolligere.Catovero tuncoppidocon- 

fui caufa eaa civitate inftitui, ftomachatus eft fufus,Omiferam, inquit, civitatem ! Nfeil prje- 

in fuos quos prsemiferat, quod id non prohi- terealoquutus eft. Poft autem quotiesidnarra- 

buiflent: juffitque amicos defcendere, atque bat vel meminerat, folebat ipfe quoque ridere. 

inceflit cum iis pedes. Ut prope ventum eft, Verum fuo exemplo crudiit ipfe Pompeitis 

ille qui omnia ifta adornabat & turbam com- eos qui per infcitiam inofficiofi in Catonem fu- 

pcnebat, vir aetate jam proveftiore, virgam & iflent.Ut enim Ephefura ad eum falutandum se- 

'coronammanu tenens obtulitfeprxaliisCato- tate majorem, dignitateque prKcellentem, &: 

ni, acne falute quidem dataquzefivit ubi De- maximorum tuncducemexercituum profeftus 

mctrium reliquiffent, & quando eflet adfutu- eft,confpicienshunc Pompeiusnontenuitfelo- 

rus. PompeiieratDemetriuslibertus. Omnibus co, neque permifit ut fcdentem adiret fe, fed 

autem tunc propc mortalibus inPompei-Bo»o- tanqmai cx primoribus aiicui exiliensprocefEt 

F f i ei 



228 K A T A N. 

crg, iij tIw (^i^idv cvi^ctXi. Kj TtoKKai f^ 6ij^vg h t^ (piXoCp^QVii^ k. 

daJJoX^^ TFCt^vlcii TThiiod (^' tn fJLiTCt<^ci\i\(^ ifmfJUCl ^lYI?,hv OUUT^ -^ CL^i-, 

Ti)^' axTTi 7ra.v}a.g c)^<^^i(pof^iig >t, 7r^oo-g;^ov]a? «cTji t^ KctVwvi, ^cwpid^ 

l^eiV cJE, m Tf^T^OV KClLTi(pe,OViiTO-, l^ 7r^CtOTY)TCL J^ fJLiy OCK0'^V')(iaLV a,va.^i(A" 

^iiv. »9 y^ « HofjLmiii uttM (^ ouutov hk khctv^aviv ^i^TtSSovl^^ ^(to. 
fjLaAXov « (piXSvKB^' otAA' iyvcd^rav oti ^cwfJLct^et juSjjU Tra^ovJa^ X^^^ 
OMiex^^l^d^. T»V ^ aXNdg ving o(roi ira^' ojutov cicpiKvivloy (piKoTifjL^- 
jwjji;©^ H.aTi^t')(iVi Kj 7roB-£v ouutw (twuhvojC tQ q KoLTCdv(^ ii(fiv 2hri3-Yi toi- 

QtOV, CtAA' C^CrTTi^ iiK CtVV7rSj^UD(^ OL^X^^ QMiivd 7ia^v\(^y oJ^iirifJL-^iV 

clVjU^©^, fjLmd o^i^ov cMiivtd T^ «V 'VodfjLhuu 7r?\idvl(t)V Tct Tuva Kj tLuj 
yuncux.a fZ^^t^cctTot^-gjU^jU©-', cI'aa&)? avTw Tre^odwovla -^ (^id a-vfjlpeiav. c/k. 
TiiTH i^d^^a K^ (ma^ri v^ (jLfjLiAKa. cS^ avTov huu Vfii' "^dhiCDV, ^ J^elyrva, yy 
KXmag' ov oig t»V (pihag cAtiASjiV 7r^o(Tix^iv aviw, fjLn hoL^n (^i^atoocrag 
tdv Ka6^'&)v©-' "hdyov. d y) Kb!g/&)y oLx^df^j(^ •m av^n^d^ Ta Koltuiv^^ 
(piKa ;c, (riwn^ag dvj(^, Yi^odTn^nv avTov « ^r^^vfxdg i^iv jwj t«V <^^Teiaji 
%)i^ T' 'Aaiag ^iaTY\g. tQ o Kj Ttcivv <pn(ravl(^, ^ Kiyeig, etTnv d K«^ 
eio)!', Yi^odv '^ iTTavYi^etg bneihv, -^ fid,7<Kov r\f/.i^^' iiTOO 7roi)g }<^ kS ji^fA,aTi, 
X^^^^ctfAp^. 

AmTa§(^ d TahOLTng fJLiTiTTiff^UTO jU^J TOV KoLTOdVaj 7r^i(T^VTi^(^ 

m Y]<hj a^^^i^^ Tig ncuS^ag avi^ ^aAojW^(^, j^ tov ohov' sA^oi/li q yr^o^r- 
(pi^odv- <^£fl^ Tiavloi^aTtd, j^ 7tei^m •ii^ hd[^(^ 7rctv\a T^d^fov, HTOd Tra^od- 

^UJUiVy 

ei obviam, dextramque porrexit, 8c multis libenter: cui pene foli eorum qui Romam na- 

. laudibus flatim in ampleftendo 8c {iilutando vigabant liberos fuos 8c uxorem commenda- 

praefentem, pluribus etiam digrefli virtutem vit, alioquinpropinquitate eiconjunftos. Hinc 

extulit. Unde inflexi omnes,animoque jam ?xl celebris opinio & Itudium cercatim erga eum 

Catonem converfo, habebant eum in admira- civitatura extitit, ccena: etiam 8c invicationes, 

tione ex iifdem ex quibus faftidiebaturpridem, in quibusattenderefibi juffitamicos num Curi- 

quum lenitatem £c animi celfitudinem ejus onis di£tum imprudens comprobaffet. Curio e- 

confiderarent. Namque Pompeii in eum ftu- nimCatonisamicusScfarailiarisauftericace ejus 

dium non obfcurum erat fufpicientis eum po- offenfus, qusefivit de eo ftatuiflecne paft cora- 

tius quam diligentis eflt: verum adverterunt pletaftipendia Afiam vifere. Annuente illo, Be- 

honorafle praefentem, 8c gavifum fuifl^e difce- ne eft, inquit Curio : jucundior enim illinc re- 

dente. Quippe alios juvenes qui ad eum com- verterisSc manfuetior. Nam eoeft verbo ufus. 
meabant, hos invitans 8c defiderans eorum PorroDeiotarusjamgravisannisaccivit Ca- 

confuetudinera , retinebat: a Catone nihil tonem,utliberos fuos8cdomum eicommenda- 

contendit ejufcemodi, fed, quafi non haberet ret:quera poftquam advenit, varia dona ei of- 

illo priefente liberura imperium, dimific eum ferens,inftanfqueatqueenixe rogans utaccipe- 
.. ... r«? 



K A T n N, 229 

ctTrae^f. 7r^ogA0&)i/ \^tc^^ \JLiS.q i\\A^<; h^lvy <^fgi/ 6v Wic^iV^ni nAmvct 
T^? (^« (^ca^cav aviig avTov -^mfjSfovlay Kj y^fj,fLctTci th Ta7\clTii, Ao^s- 
va Act^«v avToV ei 3 jW« Tr^Q^vfMo; k^v, otAAct raV cpiAac tacrca, 7rciv](/)g. 
fj^ d^i-nq ov\a<; £ Tra^eiv ^l cAielvov, iiy, ovldiv o t^ iJ^m t» Kcltc^v^ tqct- 
«T6)V. ctAA «/a TiiToig bii^oduv Kc^Vwv, xowTrg^ cM-'ty? tTaJ ^(A6)i/ iWot- 
?\aoyof^tjiig iij -issj^ibLif^^pQi^ag o^^V ctAAo^ ^iiVct? on -Kaaa h^^^ona 
7i^(pci(ri(t>g av ^^no^ncreiiv, oij <pi^oi iuLiS-i'^ii(nv m av ix^mmg »9 ^-/.cuc^k 
:ilYi(T(i^fj(^; dmnifJL-^i tcx ^6)^^ tt^V Tof AnioVa^v. g7r« o [jJiKhovl^ 
dTTcil^eiV elg to B^ivli(riov, mvlo S^eiv ol (piAoi tol Xei-^ava Tb KcuTrm©^ etg 
iTs^v 3-sc3g ttAoIoi/, «t4)d oVt •;? \I/u%«? iU.sO«a-g5 fJLoXhov w TaVwj/, ctfn;^- 
0«. iij fjSpTQi 'hkyi) kJ tJ;:^^ c^crc^cdAgfcCTct Tii^(Tm, -^^ aKKc^v ^gTS/V 

0)? KOIULll^OppCdV' 

'ETraviK^cdV q «V 'VcdfjLluu, tov (■£{) otAAoy xt^^^^ ^'^'^' '^''''^'^^ 'Aulwoi^Ci)^ 

§0), n KotT clyo^v Toig (piKoig TraejL^cif^^B^ ^tiTihi^riV. cJm^cdAT^a^rav q 

co^^T^J t/«) TafJLi^TiyiUv d^x^-^ ^ TT^TiP^v fJLiTYi^hhiV, Y\ Tiig TS vofjLng dva- 

yvc^vou T^g TafJLiSjTiK^g, j^ J^totTTuOg^ '^ IfJLnei^c^v 'Ua^^a, Kj Tvncd Tivi ^? 

de^X^g tLuij S^iujafJLiv (^Ka^eiv- oOsv Sj^vg eig tIw d^x^ KaTa^dg, f/.i^ 

yd7\lw Inoimiv fjL^Ta^oT^lw 'PiS rzifet to TafJLeiov vme^^^^i k* y^fXfxaTi- 

&)t/* o( ^id x^i^'' ^^ '^^ J\}fjLo(na y^fJLfjLara k^ T^g vdfjLng g^i^oi/ls^, etTa 

\vi>ig d^x^^vlag a^^7\afjL^dvov\ig^ cjV d-neiticu k^ dyvo\,av dTix^^g S^ii^a^TKdr 

7\0dV 

ret, adeo exacerbavit, iit vefperi quum venif- Cxpionis reliquias alio in navigio collocaret, 

fet 5c ibi perno6ta(ret, poftridie abierit ter- animam fe prius quam has refpondit reliftu- 

tia hora. Progreffus tamen unius diei iter, rum, atque ita folvit. Et fane maximo forte 

ofFendit Pefiinunte plura etiam prioribus quK cum periculo, quum alii curfu mediocri uttr 

ipfum manebant dona, litterafque regis qui- rentur, dicitur trajecifle. 

bus orabat eum ne ea repudiaret : fin abhor- Reverfus ad urbem, tempus traducebat 

' rcret, at permitteret ea amicis qui oranino perpetuo domi Athenodoro aut amicis in 

ipfius caufa beneficiis forent digni ; prsfertim foro vacans. Quum petere quasfturam legi- 

quod non perinde haberet lautum patrimoni- time poftet, non ante accefiit ad petendum 

um Cato. Verum ne his quidem indulfit Ca- quam leges perlegifiet qujeftorias, fingulaquc 

to, quantumvis nonnuUos amicos flefti per- ex peritis inveftigaflet, &; fummatim vim 

ciperet & nonnihil conqueri. Cjeterum nulli efiet complexus muneris iUius. Unde fimul 

munerum acceptioni defuturum demonftravit atque faftus quxftor eft, multa in miniftris 

praetextum, amicos vero in confortium ven- a;rarii & fcribis novavit: qui quum perpe- 

turos eorum qus honefte £c jufte pofllderet : tuo afta publica & lcges traftarent, novof- 

atque ita dona Deiotaro remifit. Vela fa£tu- que quteftores acciperenr, plane indigentes 

rus Brundufium, quum confulerent amici ut ob imperitiam &: infcitiam aliorum do6to- 

rum 



i^o 



It A T n N. 



^KTcLV oi^x^mg cwroi. fJL^X^'' ^ Karft)t/ <Mi<^a.^ to^k; 7r^'y^otcri vedLV^mgj «x 
oj/o^a j^ 7*^/«) g;:^&>v rt.'^;\^oi^(^, dAAot j^ fyf j^ <P^VYifjLOL )^ AoVor, tJ7r«^g- 
rc«^, oTTff ^o-otf, r\'^i'd x^^^ '^°''^ y^ixfxctr<S[j(rh rct f^ c^gAs/^^i/ xa>ii^^- 
y^vJag cwTdgy rci q dfJLcL^rdvovlctg ciTreieia. hS^cL^TKm. ®V o «o-av (rooto;, 
jj r«V dA7\iig k^cdTT^ov ^smr^ixovJig, cMCiVO) 'j iT^oXifjL^y rov fBp Tr^oorov 
cw'^ mrctyvi^g fsk^ Ttkiv cv )0\v\^vopLicL yiyovivou Trovn^v, ct7rYiXoL(r€ r« 
rctfjLiiH' (^Sjri^Ct) H rivi ^ct(^i>i^yictg n^iih^i KeJiinv. & KoLrX(^ Aarctri^^ 
rifjLnrng cLvi^n ^oyhnamy dvr\^ fAycL ro r" d^yyig g;^ft)f ci^iodfxoLj ro 3 -^ 
ct^srYig g;:^&)f fjLiyi9ov, odg TTcivlm S^ix.ou.o^rujuY} y^ (rc6(ppj(Tiuun 'Vc^fjLcdot^v S^ioL- 
ipi^m. !w ''^ K^ rQ Kdrcov^ hTraivirng »9 (rtwn^ng S^^d rov (hiov. &)? ai/ wV- 
TCOfj^©^ rolg ^Mtdoig, zJ^nreiro paviPOdg rov otJ/d^ fijTToi/, ajc eioL rcwroL vroi- 
iiv ouurov KdroiV. Iri q fJLd7\7\ov 7r^(rAi7roLpQ'j](B-', clI^^v, eliriv, J Kctr- 
A?, (TS rov rifJLnrhju il^ rwV nfJ^tri^^ig (^i^g oCpetT^ovJoL i^onfxdf^eiv, \2^ -^^ 
nfJLiri^cdv vTT^ii^ hM^dT^h^i^' rcujrhuu rlut) ^mnv d(piv\(^ rQ Kdrodv(^, 
6 Kdr7\(^ TT^^ritTxi-^i }Bp calrov, 6)V dftei-^ofjSfji^, HJtiV q ^S^v, aKh 
eln v-fc o^yng, etn vtt' cdt^vvng, otViiASs o-<fei7rw S^inTro^niSp^. a fjcnv «Aiy 
yi ai%&)7r©"* aAA iTvei fiid '^Yip(t> rdg d^idcrcLg vnieS^oLhov cu m^cu- 
^Hcrcu, zcd AoAAj©-' Mo4f>i©^5 «? (rwud^x^^ "^^ Kdrm(^, \W d(Q-ivdcig 
dniNiTKH-nJo -f ^i)tng, TrifATrei TT^g rSrov 6 KdrX(^ hop^f^ (^on^n^rcu rtl 
dv^-^aTTCi)' Kcimv(^ ca) (po^eiCt) KOfti^eig fx^ rnv S^iahuu, Ikro rnv ^cToAyy- 

(TOLV. 

■f ufn Sc jmagiftrorum, non cedebant illis auto- tor & familiaris. Cui, quum eripere jure non 

"ritate, fed erant ipfi revera quaeftores : donec valeret, precibus fuis condonari reum poftu- 

Catortrenue negotium capeflens,non fatisha- lanti, non conceffit Cato. Quum ille magis 

'buit nomen 5c honorem teneretuncofficiijfed magifque contendcret, Turpe, inquit, tibi 

mentem etiam, animos 8c rationem,fcribis uti Catule eft cenfori, qui vitas noftras probare 

(ficut crant) ficut miniftrisvoluit,hinc fcelera debes, a miniftris noftris de gradu dimoveri. 

eorum coarguens, hinc peccantes ignorantia Hac a Catone miflli voce Catuius intuitu fuo 

docehs :quiutfueruntimpudentes,aliirquefur- refponfurum fe prasferebat aliquid, nihil re- 

repentes aflentationibus, illi reluclabantur, fpondit tamen : fcd, five ira five pudore, ta- 

principem intereosadminjeinhsrcditacefraii- citus atque animo conturbato abfceflit. At 

dis convidtum exegit jerario. Altcri tefta- ille non eft damnatus tamen: verum quum 

mehti fubjefti fofmulam iiitendit : cujus de- una fententia fuperarent liberatorias damnato- 

fcnfioni Lutatius Catulus cenfor obtulit fe, ris, neque ex coUegis Catonis M. LoIIius 

n-iagna:virobillumrtiagiftratumautoritatis,fed judicio proptcr adverfam valetudinem inter- 

ob virtutem maximse, quod oftinibus civibus eflet : ad hunc allegavit Catulus, orans ut 

juftitia & vitX inregritate prarcellcrct. Erat reum fublevaretj qui leftica poft judiciiim 

hic Catonis quoque vitJe ejus nomine lauda- adveftus, liberavit eum fcntentia fua. Non 

eft 



K A T n N. 231 

voLV. a fJLlu) iX^YKTGLTo yi T^ y^yLfJUJLrei KciTmy «cJ^g tqv (a^i^ov dm- 
imiVy »^g o-h<jdf bvde^^fJLov t« AoAAja Th/J^-^y^^pov s^iv. 

OvTO) T»V y^yifJLcLTag TOLitHmo-cLg v^ %omciL<: xm^x^^^^» ^ '^^'^^ 

y^fJLfJLCKTLV (di CWTOg S^iiMTO X^^A^^' ^''^W X^^^ "^^ TCLfM^OV cLltL 

ia^i tQ (laXdjTneJ-n (rejULVOTi^Vy dg iy hiyeiv ^t, (p^veii/ cLTTOLvlct? oTt Kd- 
T&iv vTTctTeia? oiiic^fjLci th Tdfjueict (ukAihmiv. it^Ti^v (Mp /jS '^^(^v x§^cl 
Trcfhoud t4 <^yifLo(ri(<^ tvoTOk^^ o(pei7\ov]a.g, p^ TroXhoig tq cTji^aoorwj/, ctficL tIw 

TToAiV i-KOUXTiV clS^iKHfJ^lw KCU CL^i)L^(TCLV' tQ^ fMfi ^TOVCtig V^ CLC^iTT^T&l? 

aTfowP^, Tolg Tot;;^s&i? '^ohJ^^g k^ TT^o^vfLOdg' mi tov (S^HfLov al^ei^i, TaV 
jBtJ oloi^ng )KT7}s-€^n(rav, oMlivovlag o^mTa, T^g q d fiYi n^ofTiS^omv "^mKafi- 
^oLVovJag.iTrara y^fJCfJLara '^7vo7\K&v a Tr^oamovlodg dvapi^vlmjK^o^oy- 
fjLaTa -^ihSyi c^^^iX'^^ P(^ct£/Tt )^ hr\(ra '^ vr^oTi^ov eiod^oTOHVy 'JS^lv ojutqv 
ihaS-i '^o'(t/S^uoi/ toiQtoV ctAA' vrn^ bog TTOTi i^oyfjLaT^^ h^oicLaag, el 
Kve/ov yiyove-, TrohXav fjLa^rj§iivloi)v »;c cRnq^Tiv, a/s mTiTa^i Tt^oTi. 
^ov Y) T»V vTToiTiig i-KofjLotTou d^^-j^fjofj^ag. ovlct)y 3 TtoKhm oig 2uA- 
?^g cjiieiv(^ '^Kleivao-iv dv^^g m n^oy^^pni Wi^g IS^onKiv dvoi fJLveL- 
ag S^iyihlag ^^xf^^''^ dwavlig f^ cuuTHg 6)V cjnayeig ^9 fLia^iig IfjLig-av^ 
dfJLUJua^ iii^eig hohfLa' KdT(^v q, Tre^oTKahiip^j^^ Img-ov iXQvla c^«- 
fjLO(Tiov d^yve/ov dS^iKOdg, SiiTpjcfliV dfJLa 3vfLS Kj hoyod tq -^ Tr^^iODg 
uvo(Tiov KJM c^^vofJLov S^oveiS^i^onv. 04 3 T^TO TTa^ovJig, dj^vg ri(Tav iVOXQi 

(POVOdy. 

eft ufus tamen Cato illo fciiba, neque falari- tabulas publicas non rite referrent, & falfa 

tim ei folvit, neque prorfus uUam habuit Lol- fenatufconfulta folerent fuperiores gratia & 

3ii fententis rationem. precibus recipere, nihil eum fimile fcfellit; 

Ita depreflis & fubaftis fcribis, tabulis pu- fed de uno fenatus decreto, an ratum efleta 

felicis & arbitrio fuo ufus, brevi tempore ae- quum haefitaret,multisadftipulantibusnonha~ 

Tarium curia reddidit auguftius : ferebantque buit fidem, neque retulit id ad aErarium priu? 

& fentiebant omnes confularem amplitudinem quam prazfentes confules jucaflent. Quum 

adjunftam a Catone qusftur^. Nam quum multi eflent quibus diftator Sylla, quod cora- 

primum nomina vetera multa aerarii compe- prehenfos cives ex fecunda profcriptione fua 

TifTet, & aerarium multorum ass alienum ha- interfecifl^ent, incapita duodecips millenos de,- 

bere, efFecit fimul ut nec a quoquam refpub. narios largitus fuerat, hos cunfti ut nefarios 

fraudaretur, nec illa fraudaret quenquam, ab ac deteftabiles oderant, ulcifci tamen audebac 

his rigide & acerbe exigendo, illis cito Sc nemo: at Cato fingulos apcerfivit qui p€!- 

prompte folvendo : ut revereretur eum popu- cuniam. publicam injufte tenebant, eamqup 

lus, quum cerneret fllos qui exiftimabant fe exegit, acerbe & cum ratione eis fafti atrocl- 

decodturos, dependere, & his qui nihil ex- tatem & fceditatem exprobrans. Ad hunc 

peS:abanc fatisficri. Deinde quum pkrique xnfidum ab eo accepti, mox a&nes «anx cas- 

dis. 



232 K A T n N. 

xpovu), j^ T^TToii TivoL 7t^rih(tiH.oTig-, (Lmyovlo TT^V T«V (^tmTA<;, K^ (^l)iCig 
STivov, Yi^oi^m TrdvJodVy »9 vofjLi[pvlm (rtwi^cO\^(pi^ tIw tots Tv^vviiS^a, 
' 3^ ^vXAciV cWTov i(po^<zv kqKgl^oi^ov. 

^H^H raV TToT^KQg k^ To bnhT^^x^g oujtQ -^ c^^gA«a? j^ olt^vtov. 

^Ti 7) TT^OdTOg Tig cLvi^Yi T^ (TtWCt^XOvlctiV «? TO TCLfJiiioV KfltVwVI^, «rg 

v?-e^(^ diTYiKhv. m>tM<TlcLV ^J >^ (^axlw ^ihfJLlctv TTcL^wiv, Micog )^ r^^- 

(PvhOLTlcriV T^V 8To/^&)? >^ TT^V ;:^Ctg/f 0(pXy)lLtOLT6dV J^ TgA6)'|/ OLvi^Teig Y} <^0- 

cft? o(^ gTii;:^gi/ c^'^«cp^(^oju^'y?'. cBiJ^eDtvvfjjp'^ q to Tctfjimov ciCaTov 

Ti K^ KOL^OL^OV (TVKO^pOLV^, TtK^ig Q ;:^|'«;aotT&)I/, IS^iS^a.^TMV CTi T« TTO^ACi 

7rAyT«i/ ejgft ^>i ciS^iKiidvi. kolt d^^xdq 3 7^ dtwaLex^^^^ b^ioig iTtdx^f^g 

'v^ XOLMTTog (poLveig, vg-epjv iycL-naiTo, Toug cm tS fxn X^^^^^ '^'^ i^nfJLo- 

(TiOL, jULrx^l KeJiveiV KOLmg, cLTnx^Houg 'uzOTnS-eV Iouutov dvTi Trdvlodv, j^ ttol^- 

ix(t>v )k^?\.oyfi(^ TT^og T^g hoyapHg j^ ^icil\)i^Hg cAidviig, c^g dfJLYi- 

XOLV()V i9lV (X.KOv\(^ Kd.T(iiV(^. '^ Q Yl/bL^^OdV T« Ti7\A)T0UCt o^sS^OV \W 

Tfdvlwv TToXiT^ TT^oTrificp^etg elg oIkov, m^(nv oti Ma^KiAAot) TToAAof (rtw)^. 
'B-etg )tj (^twaTo) TT^dTTiTovlig bi) lu TOLUieicd j^ fc^ix^vlzg, oAt^idCp^ y^- 
"vJ/cM TiJ^ot cToVtt/ ;:^^«,aotT63i/ o(pa?.ofj^lw. tw q Mot^xgAA©^ cjk •^cuihiv 
'(pi7\(^ Tu KdTOdvi, ilj (Ttw cMeivoo /BiaATi?-©-' dex^v, cwTog q kol^' ouutov 
'dyodyiiLL(^ vtt' cdtSSg Tolg <SsofMf)Oig, k^ KOiTdQng Tf^og TrdcroLv xd&-V' ^- 
'^vg aj-' KkV&)V (fm^^i^^oLg, k^ tov Md^Kihhov <9j^(^v z/K^i^ict(riB{jQV y^~ 

dis, 8c quodammodo prarjudicio jiigulari abri- fiones, quas incurrebant eo quod pecuniaiii 

-piebantur ad judices, pcenafque pendebant, publicam non largiebantur, neque perpei-atn 

omnibus exultantibus, exiftimantibufque ea judicabant, ipfe ilibiret pro omnibus, per- 

re illam deleri tyrannidem, Syllamque ipfum mitteretque iis apud illos qui orabant ipfos 

^e fupplicium videre perfolventem. & inftabant, excufationem adferre, effici 

Plebem etiam affidua fua atque indefatigata Tion poftc invito Catone. Noviffimo qiiasftu- 

diligentia cepit : quippe ncmo ex coUegio ad xx. die domum a curuStis prope civibus de- 

'serarium ventitabat prior, neque pofteriorab- duftus, audivit Marcellum multos familiares 

"fcedebat.Nullam concionemvel fenatumprae- & potcntes in srario fupplices circumfifte- 

termifit, metuens 6v obfervans eos qui leviter rc, contendereque ut largitionem pecunia; 

Sc ambitiofc debitorum & veftigaliura i-emif- quandam in tabulas referret ut debitam. E- 

fiones & condonationesquibufvisdecernebant. rat autem Catonis Marccllus a pueritia ami- 

Quum jam ab fycophantis xrarium repurgaf- cus, & laudatiffime cum eo quxfturam ad- 

iet, HuUumque iis reliquiflet ad id acceffum, miniftrabat : verum folus quum efFet, fiefte- 

atque ccre repleviftet: docuit pofle rempub. batur «rubore a precantibus, & proclivis ad 

citra ullius injuriam cfie locupletem. Initio omnem erat gratiam ineundam. Igitur Ca- 

fuit quibufdam collegis gravis 8c odiofus: fed to confeftim convcrtit fe eo, Marcellum- 

■jioftmodum ab iifdcm dileftus, quod oiFen- que ofFendens perfcripfifTe expugnatum il- 

4 lam 



I 
I 



K A T n N. 233 

•J/c« tIw <^o<riVy nn(ri raig cTgATa^, v^ ot7r«A«\}/er, cwt^ 7roL^s9£T(^ a-Ka- 

TTM* ytj tStO TC^^OLg, mTYiyU^ (WTOV CM ra TOLfJHHH, tIj K<X.Ti7Yi(PiV «V 
OmVi «V2 TOTi fJLifjf^CifjS^JOV, iiTi vVs^fj cLKT^ i(JL(JL(imv\oL T» (TlLUn^dci. 

yi (pihU fJLix^ TTctvlog. » fjLlu) »^g oLTTctAActyeig -^ TCLfjLieioLgi d<pn>ii Tng 
^^a^g l^nfJLov To TOLfJLieioVy aAA' omTcu f£fj cwtQ zol^^ nfJLi^v "^y^ 
(pofjSpoi Toig (^ioim^retg 7roL^i)(roLV, oujTog o ^t^Aiot Koyag c^i-^^oyloL (hfjLo- 
(rm ohovofjLtuv "M i^ 'EvhKoL x^^^^ "*^ '^^ \cwt^ Taf^LieioLV mmcL- 
^^ mvJe TOLT^oivlodVy dei ^ioi x^O^ ^X^^- 

Elg g-vFkMtqv eia-m Ti tt^oSt^^, Kj TtK^raK^ ci7TYiKhcLT\iTo' ttoKXcL- 
m T^ <£?ih6iv %<jAh <njuuoLyoi^(idV, m^il^of^^^ oLveyivcodm Y\(TvxYii to 
IfjLOLUov ra (^Ma tt^i^oi^^^- cLTnHfjLmzv 3 >iHnoTi ^nKvig ^ofi^Yig. 
h^rei Q vg-e^v ol <^ UofjLTrYiiov , o^^vlig oujtov cv olg lcm^i^oL^ov ol^[. 
vMg-i dfJLiTdi7rei<fov yij S'v<Tiy.^ioL<^ov dei, ^nfjLix^voiivJo <pi7\iKd4g Ti<Tt <rvvyh 
yoeJ-oug, « S^icuTcug, n ^r^yfJLOLTeioug gjo) ^afetazrcti^' <ruju€ig ai/ tolxv tLuj 
cJh^^7\lw, dTriiTfi Ttddi, ^ 7roL^iTd'^oLTo ^»A«? dyoy^Yig fjLYi^iv ctAAo 
Tr^-fleiV' aVs y) S^o^r^g x^^^^ ^Vg 7fMoVi^ioLg, ^ti oujTOfjLdTcag j^ n^ tv- 
xJjuj, u><T7ti^ %Ti^i Tivig, SfjL7i:i<rodV etg to ^r^TleiV rct -^ ^rdXicag, dxh cag 
'ihov i^yov dv^^g dyoL^S, tIw 7Uo7\iTeia.v ihdi^f^, fjLdXKov diiTo S^eiv 

Tf^G-iX^^ T^i'^ MiVoHg, « 79 KTfjeJic^ TlW fJLiKi-floLV' og yi K^ TOt T^ iTroL^X^- 

^v TT^yfJLOLTOL, K) ^oyfjLoLTOL, K^ KejL<Tetg, )^ TT^.^etg Tdg fjLiyig-oLg, i^yov 

TFiTToinTO S^id 'PW iKOLTOLxd^t ^iVOdV K^ (pihCiiV ^TifJLTUi^ ^T^jg OUUTdv. Q^)<^dg S^i 

TTOTi 

lam largitionem, tabulis poftulatis hanc mu- haberetur, peregre aberat. Quum poflea vi- 

tp affiftente illo induxit, eamque rem exe- deret eum Pompeius in conatibus iniquis fuis 

quutus deduxit illum ex asrario domum : qui rigidum femper & inflexibilem adverfariutn, 

neque tunc neque poftea cum eo hac de re moliebatur eum amicorum quorundam defen- 

expoftulavit, fed familiaritatem ejus & amici- fionibus vel arbitriis vel negotiis cxtra cu- 

tiam coluit perpetuo. At enim nec poftquam riam diftrahere: qui cito animadvcrfis infi- 

quaeftura abiit, a ftatione deceflit aerarii, fed diis, dcclinavit fimul omnia, fecumque fta- 

fervi ejus quotidie agebant ibi adta defcriben- tuit quum fenatus ageretur, nulli fe alteri ref 

tes. Ipfe codices, quibus rationes procura- dare. Quum enim neque glori^ cau(a vel 

tionis publicae pccuniae defcriptae ab Syll^ avaritiae, neque cafu & fortuito, ut alii non- 

tcmporibus ufque ad quseiluram fuam erant, nulli, efliet ad rempub. capelfendam dela- 

comparatos quinque talentis femper in mani- tus, fed eam aftionem ut munus boni viri 

bus terebat. proprium elegiflet : acriorem reipub. cu- 

Curiam ingrediebatur primus, poftremus ram fibi quam api favo ducebat intenden- 

digrcdiebatur. Quum frequenter cteteri coi- dam.Nempeetiamprovincialianegotia, decre- 

rcnt fcgniter, fedens legebat fubmiflc pr^- ta,judicia,8ca£tapotiflimacuravit per amicos, 

tenfa libro toga. Nunquam quum fenatus quos paflim habebat, ad fe tranfmitti. Quum 

Vo L. IV. G g ali- 



234 K A T n N. 

^y ;^ ^ta&a.7<hov\i n^g rov ^rjjLiov k^ei? it^ k^eioLg, cv oT? i^ Oa^ict Te- 
^ivlioi, clh7\<pYi -^ YiiM^m^ yujUDum cMiv^tw<^(riV' tov (u6^u KXo^J^iov ou- 
^ujun <c^7\cL^odV, YivailkcL^iV vTfiii^^lwou "^ TfoTKiCd?' TH 3 Kwg|6)i/(^ <^Va- 
e/tf»!/']©^, r« 7roA« J^«v ix^v iCpn x^^^ cuutov, o^g (yiieiVYig iVix.oL ttcIvIa 

TTOlOdV Kj TToXlTdjoySlJ^^. QAi TiiTH fJiiyOiM cToJot (U^ CtUTOV Uv' ^(TTi p>l- 

to^ f^, JUn Tm fJLOi^TveJicL<; fJLioig (pi^pfJYjg, HTreiv Ti^g t«V <^im?oig, 
dg iv\ (jid^Tv^^vli 7r^(Tix^h a<^g KoLTmh aoih&g ix^' '«'oAAsV o wc^n «afet 
^ dTtkodv Kj a^^^o^odv Ui^TTi^ bi> TTcL^^ifJiicL Tm 7\.iyeiV, QTt tQto fj^ ^fi 
KaV&ii/©^ 7^iyov\(^ tii^clvov hiv. (jlox^^^ 6 ctfSf&iVa -^ 7ro7<VTiXQg xdyov ■ 
cv crt/?tAnV&) (^ioi^ifj^ii n§og t^Tiheioiv >^ croiiCp^ovKrfjLdv, i7roivoi<rdg Afjivui- 
oc, '^n, dv^^cdTTi, eiVTiv, Tig dvi^iTOii (7», cT^Tn/ai/']©^ [j8f toV K^Va, oIko- 

SofjiQv^i^ &)V A<^X« AAa, ^YIfjiYiyQ^Sv](^ 3 «/<t<'l' wV KaT6)|/(^ 5 >^ T^ ctA- 

A6)j/ 3 TbV CpfltJA^c i^ c6VoA(xV«^, To<? 7\dyoig '^ (TifJLV^g ;^ cityV«^»Vj ;^A<^- 
aijji^g? oitctAbv KaVfirffflt?. 

noAA(yi/ Q co/Voj/ cJ^ S\)fjici^x'^0iv m7\.iiv}odV, «x iwWo xaAw? $;^«j/ jttg. 
yaAr]? cJ^^(riag j^ ct^;;^w?, toc-Trg^ t^^?^ (pa^fJidKH S^vvafjuv cv Tt^yfxa- 
(Tiv J>t dvafKaioig <^ava7\c^(rDU. kcu dfia ^oT^ig aVjjs" t^ S^nfJiOTidiVj as^- 
7\a^odv (3i^A<a x«^^ (ptAoa-o'(pi:5?, gCctc^i(Ji/ «V Ai^Kaviav, dy^Qg avToB-i ukIyi- 
fjSf(^ tx^^^^ ^^ oti/sAdbOsfa? (^iaTeA^dg. eiTO. Ka&^ oS^dv ttoAAo?? tktiv 
-c^lvyioig v^ cTK^iTi '/^ dKoT.-dboig dTravlvcrag, kou 7rv^d[jSp(^ NsTrwTct 

aliquando Clodio tribuno plebis obviam iflet nem in fenatu de frugalitate & continentia 

moventi & molienti magnarum initia nova- haberet, exfurgens Amnaeus, Quis, inquit, te 

lionum, facerdotefque £c virgines Veftales ad bone vir ferat ccenantem ut CralTus, sedifi- 

populum calumnianti : inter quas Fabia Te- cantem ut Lucullus, concionantem nobis ut 

rentia, Ciceronis uxoris foror, in periculum Cato? Jam alios quoque turpes & nullius 

fiiit vocata; Clodium involvit infamia, at- frugi, oratione autem feveros & aufteros, per 

que cederc urbe coegit. Cui quum agcret rifum Catones appellabant. 

Cicero gratias, reipub. inquit, agenda ell: Quumincitareturamultisadambiendumtri- 

quod cjus caufa omnia ageret & faceret. bunatumplebis^alienumexiiliraavitmagnxpo- 

Hinc ingens adeptus cft nomen. Unde ora- teftatis & magiftratus ficut validi vim medica- 

tor quidam, quum proferretur in judicio u- menti in rebus exhaurire non necelTariis. Quod 

num teftimonium, ad judices ait, Uni tefti, autem eadem tempeftate vacatio eflet negotio- 

ne fi Cato quidem is eflet, ftandum eflt. Et rumpublicorum,deportansfecumlibros&phi- 

vulgus jam de incredibilibus &: abfonis ve- lofophos, ad prasdia fua profeftus eft in Lucani- 

lut proverbio quodam diccbat hoc, Ne fi am, ubi villas otio haud illiberali idoneas habc- 

Cato quidem autor fit, efle probabile. Quum bat. Hinc multis in itinere jumentis, impedi- 

homo quidam perditus 6c fumptuofus oratio- mentis, 6c miniftris occurrensjaudito Metellum 



K A T A N. zi^ 

iTrkn o"i&)7n7, j^ ^iOLhmddV (jLia^Vy c/KgA^o-gf ctyoL<T^i(petv o7ria-&) T^g ioujtS. 
'p^ Q (pihodv ^cw{Xct(TcLv\m-, Ovx, IVs, etmv, on m^' ojutqv \:m sfjLTrKn^i' 
a.? (po^e^g s<^iv M2rgAA(^* ii^ viw cm -^ Uo^Trm yvcafjLYig ci^iyiBp'^) 
elg tIuj TToKiTeictv ifJL7ri(TeiTou Si^hutJ o-XH7rla, Troivlct TtP^yfjLciTct. Tct^Tlm ; 
aVbi/ o^/oAJ)? ac^s 'ihin^S^YiibLictg Kcu^g, aAAot cTeif ;t^r«(roM ra civ^^g, w ;ict- 
Aw? ^Octmv uVg^ -^ llK^^ieictg cty(t)Vi[pi^oV' ojllci)? q t^O' (pi?\odv cz^l- 

Vi^roLvJodV, ci(pi}LiTO Tf^^TOV eig TOL X^^^^ ^ S^tiTtf^iV « TIOKWL) x^^°^^ 

^TOL STTOLvmiv ^V ttoTkiv. icoui^g IaO&^v, ^^vg idd^iv dg clyo^.v mTi- 

loCUVi <^Y)IJLOL^X^OLV fJLiTmV, Odg OLv}lTOL^0r£{J<^ TT^g TOV MiTiKKOV. TO ^ 

\(yv^v Y\ oL^x^ ^^i^ '^^ mT^veiV ix^ (JLoJKhov v\ Tr^g to 'K^jrlm' mv ttolv- 

Tigoi hOlTTo) TTOLe;' iVOL -^Yi^pi^TOdvlcU, ra fJLvi B-iKov}(^ fJLY]h 'i&vl^St" TO 'A^.- 
To juS/] «f -KgS^TOV oAiyOl (V^ TOV KoLTOdVOL T^ (pihOdV YjTOLV' (poLVi^g 

Q *^ yvodfjLYig ouuTi '^oiB^Yig, ohiya x^^^ TTctvJig ol ;)^f)i9ot ^ yvodejLfJLoi 

(TUJUiT^iXOV »9 nOL^iKclhaV K^ 7tOLe,i^cLy^WU0V CUJTOV, Odg « 7\OLfJL^OLV0vJoL X<^- 

ejLV, ol7\Acl tIw fjLiyi<^huj i^ii^ovloL rw vraTeJL^i k^ Tolg <>)^aKig-oLToig t^ tto- 
AiT^, ori 7rohKoLKig 0L7r^yfJLiivct>g ol^^cu T^-a^v, a S-iX-ncroLg, vvv vme^ rJi? 
iK^^ieicLg K, TTohiTetoLg OLyodViiii^<^ iiK dKiv^vodg KcLTmi. 7\iy\) o\ TTOA- 
■ Afflf "cztra azryj^w^ j^ (piho^Pe^G^vVYig od^nf^odv TT^g cujtov, cv kivJ^vv^i) '^q- 
fjt9/j©^, fiQhig cJ^iKi(d^ (^iOL 7rA«S(^ «V r/«) oiyo^v. ^cP«;^0«V q S^YifjLa^. 

x^ 

Nepotem Romam ad petendum tribunatum tus ille vim in intercedendo potius quam in 

plcbis contendere, reftitit cogitabundus, ac agendo : & ubi reliqui uno dempto quid de- 

mox convertere fuis retro iter prsecepit. Stu- creverunt omnes, is obtinet qui adverfatur 8c 

pentibus amicis, Nefcitis, inquit, ob ftolidi- interccdit. 

tatem Metellum fua fponte formidabilem ef- Primum pauci amici Catonem deduxe- 

fe, nunc vero adeflc ex Pompeii fententia at- runt : ut vero confilium ejus palam faftum 

que inftar fulminis in rempub. cafurum, om- eft, brevi frequentes boni viri & familiares 

niaque perturbaturum ? Non eft igitur in ejus concurrerunt, acucruntque eum & inci- 

praefentia nec feriandi nec rufticandi locus: taverunt, quali non accipientem beneficium, 

verum reprimendus iile eft mihi, aut pro li- fed fummum patrire & optimatibus dantem : 

bertate pugnanti honefte cadendum. Mo- quod quum faepe tribuno effe ei hcuiflet ci- 

nitu amicorum tamen profe£tus ad praedia tra negotium, noluiflet, nunc autem pro li- 

fua eft, 8c quum non diu efl^et ibi com- bertate & repub. non fine difcrimine def- 

moratus, regreflTus eft ad urbem. Vefperi cenderet decertaturus. Fama eft Cato- 

ingrefliis illico fummo mane in forum ad pe- nem, quum multi illius ftudio & favore ad 

tendum tribunatum defcendit, velut adverfa- eum ruerent, ajgreobfrequentiam potuifle ia 

rius futurus Mctello. Habet enim magiftra- forum evadere. Tribunus creatus cum aliis & 

G g X cum 



236 



K A T n N. 



aVot?, SWSTl/JLWiV TM (^^fJLO)' K^ mTOLTfOUUm TOV 7\.0y0Vj i-K^dfJLQS^i T« (^Ov1(^ 

d^yveAoV) ocTTi? oiv w, >toLTYiyo^yi(reiv' "iVOL 'Zi?\.olvov VTTi^iXdfj^^ ^t olm- 
oTYiTOL. He^^iXioLV yi clSih(phuij Kctrwj'©^ ^iT^OLVog hx^v. S^to tStqv f^ 
TTcLpzeVy A6L)}iiov q Mh^Luuolv s^imiv, d^yveAOd (^iOLTT^^df^ov ^^'^(^ovJol 
fX^ tQ SiActi/a "^g^. vdfjLco H Tm tQ (pdjyovK^ det (pvXaxoL tw KOLvn- 
yd^od <^i<^dv}(^,^(rTi fJLvi Kol^hv d (Twudyei >^ o^^^tL^d^^ TT^og tIw kolt- 
yiyoejLUVy d t4 KotT6)j/i J^oO«V \W t» Ma^lwoL, ffs^MKH^&v -^ (Zj^<pv- 
7\dT\odv, m kod^ fjLYi^h cBi^^hax; tt^tIovJol, fJLYi^i dt^img, ctAAct ^vcu^ 
ag j^ (pi7\OLv^^(^7rodg dirTdw tivol t' KaTYiyotioLg ;^ <^t'KouoLV dS^dv Tro^^df^ov, 

^TOdg h^OUUfJLOL(j TO (p^dvY)fJLOL ^^ TO wO(^, &)Vt€ }iOLT dyO^V 7^^^(7100^ ZCU 

4)011^ c)^ B-v^dtg wuju^dvi^ tS KotTWi/©^, ei fJLiKhei t\ (rnfJLi^^v "n^y-. 

jfJLOLTSjdao^l T^ fU^ tIjUU KaTYjyoejLOLV' « 3 fXY) (pCUY), TTl^^OdV CtTTWW. TYjg Q 

^iK:ig MyofjS{jng, d Kik^o^v vttclt^^ av TdTs, j^ itS Ma^luuci (rvvS^iKOiiVi 
TTohhd cTiot Tov KaTOivoL T»V 2T&)ik»V (piKo(rd(piig, iy touutol Sy) Tot cz^- 

^O^OL KOLXiifjSpOL SdyfLCLTOL X^^dljtiV ^ (7^<TKod7f}odV, yiXOiiTOL TrOL^ei')^^ 

Tolg (^tKOL^oug. tov ai/ KotVfflfct (poL(ri S^iciLfJLeti^tdcravlcL Tr^dg t^V Tta^dvlag 
ttTfiiV, H dvS^ig, wV yihohv vTvaTov t^^fjSp. "^hto^pvym ^g o M»^»i- 
vag, a yrovn^Q 7rd^(^ a<^s ct(|)£^i/!^ sVotOsf dv^^odTra Tf^dg tov KaTOdva. 

^ Q^ VTtaT^OiV iX^^fO (TVfL^iihCt) fsfe* T^ fJLiyig-OdV, KOU Tahha TlfJ^ 

KUi "uig-^^odv c)m tQ ^nfxaT^^ SnTiKi^riV. cuTt^B^ q Iw o KdToav ouuTog, 

cum Metello, ubi advcrtit comitia confula- gravitatem eft admiratus, ut in foro adiret 

ria venalia eflt, populum caftigavit, ac fini- Catonem , domumque ejUs ventitaret : & 

ta oratione juravit, qui dediflet nummos, quum rogafl"et ecquid eo die afturus de ac- 

qui ille cunque foret, ejus fe nomen dela- cufatione efliet : fi negaret, habita ei fide ab- 

turum, uno ob propinquitatem excepto Si- fcederet. Quum accufatio inftitueretur, Ci- 

lano, qui fororem ejus Serviliam habebat in cero, tunc conful & Murena; defenfor, 

matrimonio : quapropter hunc prietermifit. multum propter Catonem Stoicos philofo- 

AtL.Murenam,quod perlargitionem obtinu- phos 8c prxcepta haec paradoxa, qux ap- 

ifiet ut conful fieret cum Silano , accufavit. pellant, irridens atque illudens, rifum movit 

Quum autem lcge quadam reus apponere ac- judicibus. Ac Catonem arridentem aiunt 

cufatori polfct cullodem, ne quid clam com- ad adftantes dixiflle, Dii boni quam ridicu- 

pararet 8c inftrueret ad accufationem : qui ad- lum confulem habemus? Abfolutus Murena 

junftus a Mutena afltftator & obfervator non ut improbus 8c ftolidus homo egit cura 

fuerat, ubi nihil infidiofe, nihil improbe Catonej quippe confilio ejus conful graviffi- 

ftruentem, fed candide & benigne viam in- mis in rebus ufus, perpetuoque eum veneratus 

gredientem eum accufandi apertam 8c ve- eft, 8c confilia ejus in adminiftrando magiftra- 

ram confpexit: ufque eo fpiritus ejus Sc tu fequucus. In caufa ipfe erat Cato ufque ad 

roftra 



K A T n N. 



237 



Kodm-) ^TOL 7roi(rtv &jmmg v^ (pihciLv^^a>nm 7r^(r(pi^fjSiJ^. 

Ue/v «V tLu) S^Yi^ct^x^oLV Kct5-(Vac^, KiKi^m<^ vTCoLrdjovl^^j aAAotj 
n 7ro?\.7\.o'lg dy&tn rlw d^x^ (id^^miv cujtQ, k^ Toug (Z^ KariAtVciv tt^- 
^i(ri fjLiyifoug >^ mKhi^oug %jo\^oug Tix(^ ijri^miv. oujTog f/S^u y) Kct- 

TXhivOLg-, oAgOe/Ol' Tg )^ TTOLvJiM fJiiTCL^07\huU hrdyOdV Toig 'VodfJLOUtdV TT^y- 

fjLOL(rh iij <roL(r^g ofx^ v^ 7toKipL\ig TOL^-flodV cJE,iMfx^€ig \:m t« Yim^odv^^t 

cJ^iTTi^ri -^ TTOMOdg. AiVTh^ J^ KsOny(^, ii^ fJLiT OmJt^ iTi^^l <^^X^o]^ 

^i^oLiJ^oi tIuj (TtuJdofjLo^rioLVy K^ TO KanAivcL Sei7\iav Kj fJLia^AoyioLV '^ 

TOT^fJLYIfJLOLTm oJhmT^^vligi OUUTo) (^iiVoQvlo tIw 7r6?\lV CJL^i^lw oLVcu^eiv 7iveAy 
)i tIw Y^yifJLOvioLV i^Vm "^^ddi^Tl )^ TTOT^ifLOig d7\K0(pv7K0iC dvoLT^iTTeiV. 

<poLVi^g "^ (^jff^cTKdj^ng dlu^^S '^of^iDg, aV cv Tolg ((kX Kiupcav^ yi- 
76^0' ^ |2»«Am yvodfjLhuu 7r^0gi/']©^, o jw^ ^t^m^ eizcov S^AavoV) otVg- 
cpMVctTO S^oxiiv ouuTW Td i^oLTd 7:oL^etv x^hujcu TaV dv^^P^g. o\ q ftiT ouu~ 
Tov i(pi^rig mtoAa9ji(rav, dx^ K.oucra^(^. Kouca^ q dva^^dg (clVg c^« xai 
(^«voV «7r«j'j r^ 7id(Tav cm» t^ 7roA« fjLiTa^oTduj j^ KmcnVy (wV^rgp uA^ 0^1' 
a/;ToV ^tsvo«To, ^bAo|u^|u(^ a;{}'|«i/ fjLd7.7\ov « (r^ivvvf^jjju ^s^o^dv) iirct- 
yodyd 7roAAot >c, (pi7\dvS-^(jd7ra S^iaXix^^g) '^hroKleivcu fjup diceJiT^g iix. eia. 
TaV dv^^.g-> (ix^ivlag o T«f«j/ cMi7\^a-iv. iiTOd q Ta? yv(JifJLag fj,iTi<Tnoii t' 
|3»A«? cpo^nO«V»)C Tov S^YifJLov^ ^dTi v^ 'Ei7\avov i^a^vov hvcu 7\iyeiv, cdg «J^' 
ojJtoV «7ro{ ^dvaTOVi aAA el^yfjLov' t^aTov y^ ayJ^e* 'VodfjLouc^ tQto Ka- 
mv dndvluiv. Tivo- 

roftra & fubfellia durus atque terribilis pro datis confiliis, ut in vita Ciceronis expofui- 

juftitia : inde benevolum fe & humanum pras- mus, quum fentcntias Cicero rogarer, qui 

bcbat omnibus. primus dixit Silanus animadvertendum in con- 

Prius quam iniret tribunatum confule Ci- juratos ultimo fupplicio cenfuit: cui dein- 

cerone, cum aliis multis illius magiftratum ceps alii ufque ad Casfarem funt aflcnfi. Qs,- 

contentionibus erexit, tum adionibus adverfus far furgens (utpote difertus atquc omnem in 

Catilinam maximis & pulcherrimis impofuit repubHca converfionem motumque quafi fu- 

faftigium. Namque ipfe quidem Catilina, qui orum materiam confiliorum amplificare po- 

funeftam & perniciolam mutationem imperio tius quam reftingui permittere cupiens) blan- 

Romano moHebatur, mifcebatquc una feditio- da&benigna oratione pro fententia dixit,non 

nes 8c bella, a Cicerone deteftus urbe profu- efle indifta caufa conjuratos necandos, verum 

gerat : Lcntulus vero & Cethegus, & cum in cuftodia tenendos : adeoque f^exit fenten- 

iis frcquentes alii, coniuratione inita, CatiU- tias,metuente populum fenatu,ut Silanusquo- 

rueque timiJitare ac nimis anxia cura coepto- que retraftaret fuam, oftenderetque nec fe de 

rum increpita, ipfi totam urbem mflammare, poena capitaU, fed fenfiffe de carcere. Id e- 

imperiumque nationum rebelHonibus exter- nim ciyi Romano ukimum efTe fuppHcium. 

nifque belHs ftatuerant evertere. Horum nu- 

Hac 



238 



K A T n N. 



Tm^Yig 3 ToicwTYig 1? T^Trn?, itj ciTrdvlm cBi to TT^oLOTi^v pvivlm ti 

(piTKCLV^^CtiTVOTi^V, KciTOiiV TT^g tUu yVddfJihuU CILVCt<^oigy djQvg liTQ i^ Ao- 

y^^ pLiT o^yh )^ Trci^iigy tov Ti ^thavov mKi^m -^ fJL^TcL^oXvigy ;^ kolS^cltC' 
TOi^(^ tS Kcu(rci^(^y Cdg <^Y\fjLctTt (^YifiOTim Kj 7\oyod (piKdv^^odncd tIw 
TfoAiv clvoLT§i7rovJ(^i K^ MiTiofjSfii tIw |2>»a/m), Ic^' oHg avTov i(^et MiL 
VDUy ^ cLycLwciv ei '^ yiyovoTm ci^od(^ dncLT^hci^cu Kj dvvmirl^^i «76)? 
f^(pciv£g iij Wciiuodg raV aoivQg oJ^ct^nd^odV TroKifjLlng, kcu tIuj ttol^' «<^gi/ 

i?\.^S(raV }K^Ki(^ TTUTeA^Oi TOICLVtIuU KOU TOG-OLVtIuU OfJLOXoyOdV jLLYi iXmv, 
aAA ^g 'ii^ei fJL^ •j^i^ jULYxh (pWUOUy S^CLK^VOdV KOU dvOLKKcUQl^(^y H <po~ 

vm fJLiydxm kcu mvS^vvm diTaT^hd^mi tIuu ttoKiv )^B-oLVoviig. tStov fJLo- 
vov m Kdrm eimv hoLcrod[^iSrou (pcL<T\ tov KoyoVy KiKi^m(^ 7« yVotra 
TaV (^ioL(pi^v}ag o^vTnTi Tm y^(pim (rY\fJLeia Tr^i^M^avj'^, cjd [jLu^oig 
Kcu (ip^^i(rt TVTToig TTohhodv y^fJLfJidTm t^ovja S)jvafjavy ma dhXov 
dhhaxo^r^ tQ fliih^TYjejiii (mo^i^luu kfjL^ahovl^^.iiTtod ^ «Vx»i/, iiS"' c/KtK^ 
tIuuJo T^g Kahnf^iig (rYifjLeioy^^pag, d?\Ad tots tt^ootov «V iX^og ti Ka- 
Tag-luJcu hiya^Tiv. cM^TYiTiv S'' ^v KaTmy kdu fjLiTi^Yi^n Tdg yvodfjLag 
oocTTi S-dvaTov KaTa^^YiCpiaa^cu t&v dvS^^o^v. 

El ^et fjLY)S^i Tct fXiK^ TOdv Y\^m (TYjfjLeia (Z^hiTriiv, u^TTre^ dKova 
'^'vxyig *v^o^£^^0ju^'«?, ^£^0' '^'^'^^ TTohhluu dfJLihXav Kou fjLiyav dyoi- 
.va TT^og Tov Kd^ma tQ Kou(Tae,(^ s;:^oj/7(^, kou t' (^aXng eig c^ceivag dvYt^- 
TY}[^Y}g, hhTdtiov n fJUK^v V^oo^iv ei(TKO[jLi&hdjcu Tt^ KoucraejL. tQ ^ Kd- 

Tm^ 

Hac fa£l:a inclinatione, omnibufque ad mi- orationem Catonis perhibent unam extare, 

tiorem 6c leniorem labentibus fententiam : quod conful Cicero expeditiflimos fcribas an- 

Cato ei relu«5tans, initio ftatim flagrante ora- te docuiflet notas qu£e minutis & brevibus fi- 

tione & veheraente proveftus, hinc Silani in- guris multarum vim literarum compledteban- 

conftantiam laceravit, hinc Csfarem momor- tur, inde alium alibi paflim difpofuiflct in 

dit, quod fub fpecie populari 8c placidis ver- curia. Nondum enim ufi fuerant neque ha- 

bis rempub. fubverfum iret, fenatumqiie per- bebant exceptores aftuarios, fed tunc primum 

terreret ea in caufa, in qua metuere fibi ipfe rudimenta eos aflerunt pofuifle. Cato igitur 

deberet, & pr.Tckre putare fecum agi, fi ifto- obtinuit, atque in ejus fententiara difceflum 

rum fcelerum infons & fufpicione abiret li- eft, ut fumeretur de conjuratis capitale fup- 

ber: qui hnftes publicos adeo aperte & impu- plicium. 

denter inftitueret eripere, confitereturque i'n Quod finec minutulanobisomittendavcfti- 

extremum adduftam periculum patriam ta- gia morura ejus funt,qui depingimus ejusani- 

lem & tantam fe non mifcrari, fed illos quos mi tanquam efligiem, famaeftCatone idtem- 

prsftabat nec genitos nec natos fuifle, deplo- poris vehementer cum Ciefare concertante & 

raret moereretque, quod urbem fupplicio fuo contendente,fenatuqueinillosintento,parvum 

cflentmagnacsede&periculislibcraturi. Hanc epiftolium foris Cxfari fuiflc allatum. Quod 

Cato 



K A T n N. 239 

Tm(^ «V ^jm^^iuv oLyovJ(^ to n^yfJLOLy k, (^tct^octKAovlC^y etvcu tivck; raV 
mnfjSfiig, 59 ^ih6\jov\cLg ctvctyivcaQrmv tol yiy^fjLiBpct-, tov Kou(roLp^ t^ 
KciTCtiVi ir^od^Zvca to hKTcieAov kfyvg Wo^ti. tqv q civctyvdvJct Sgf^iAiW 
•^ cih7K<pY\g cBi^fdhiov ci}tdXoL9ov n^dg tov Kcu^tol^ yiyp^jtif^ngj s^&tVw? 
K^ ^n<p^0L^fj8{jng vtt' ouuT^i TT^oo-ei^^ou Ts 79 Kou(ToLe/. K^ eiTfeiv, K^TH jUii- 
5v(ri' aou tfolKiv iiTCdg cfM TQV cJ^ oi^X^^ ^'.dyov T^niSrou. (pcuvi^ 3 oKodg 

dTVX^fJLOL -^l^OU Tii KOLTCOV<^ « yUJUOUXmTig. OLVTA f^ '^ zBi Kou(roL- 

QjL mmg m>i(riv' tol o '^ Wi^g H^^ihioLg^ ciSs7\(png o KoLTm(^y d-^/n- 
fjLovhi^. A<^;t»AA(y ^ yoLfj,n^ii(TOL TT^cdTdj^roLvJt 'V(tifj.ou(idv k^ i^d'^oLV dv- 
•J^gij V.CU TiKQiTot nouS^ioVy S^imcri ra oixa h' dy.o7\ct(Ticf.v. tq q ouOf^i^g^oVy 
aJ^' n yujun tQ KdTOdv(^ 'An?\ioL ToimodV QMcL^d^^^nv d.fxa^TnfJLdTOdVy 
d7\7\d yioum^ o/f cLVTng ^vo wcui^ioL m7roinfjS{j(^y dvdfnlw i^iv cM^octT^iiV 
d<^nfJLovii(roLV. 

EWct 'iynfJLi B-vyoLTi^ <I>iAiWa MoL^>cioLVy cJ^mn (^okQ^tolv etvou yv- 
vctjDict: fsfei hg d 7rXei<^og Aoy©-'. KoLS-dm^ cjv J^^ijLciTi t^ (^ict>, t^to tq 
fjLi§^ 7r^^7\nfJLOLT0dhg yiyovs k^ dyro^v. 'tir^x^n o t^tqv tqv TeJTTovy 
u>g iVofei @^(rioLg, dg yiavoLTiov dv^^. KctVa)f©^ h:ou^ov v^ (rvfx^icidTluu 
dvoL(pi§odV tIuu Tri^iv. cv 7ro7\7\olg 't^g-cug k^ B-ouufj.OL9oug tQ KdTO!)v(^yn(roLv 

iTi^OdV iTi^Ol fJ.0L7\KQV 'iK^nKOi V^ (S^lOL^PoLvfig, ^V V^ Kd'l,v](^ 'O^TnVl(^ dvYI^ 

\ d^it^fjLOLTdg Ti K.cifi7r^Qy )^ Tov T^7rov ShdKng. cJmB-vfj^ff ^v tw KdTOdn 
fjLYi (rtJUUYi^n<; «fcM> fxn<^i Wcu^(^ fidvoVy aAA dfj.0!)(ryi7rodg eig o^iKnoTnTOL kol- 

TOL- 

Cato quum in fufpicionem traherct & exagi- dem Catonis eo crimine vacavit Atilia: ve- 

taret, motos aliquos juflifTe ut recitaret lite- rum hanc, tametfi duos ex ea tuliflet liberos, 

ras. Ibi C^efarera prope adftanti tradidifl"e exigere impudicam eft compulfus. 

Catoni epiftolium.Quod quum legifl"et (fcrip- Hinc Martiam duxit Philippi filiam, quas 

feratenim foror ejus Servilia literas ad Caefa- eft proba foemina habita. Fuit hujus celebre 

rem, quem amabat corrupta ab eo, impudi- nomen.Atque in vita Catonis quomodo infa- 

cas) ad pedes id Caefaris eum projecifle, cum bula hsec pars ambigua extitit & perplexa. 

hifce verbis, Cape ebrie : itaque demum ad Gefta autem in hunc modum res fuit, ut me- 

jnftitutam orationem rediiflie. Nempe omni- moriae prodidit Thrafeas, qui Munatium Ca- 

no apparet fortuna Catonem ufum in mulie- tonis amicum 8c contubernalem laudat auto- 

ribus parum profpera. Haec enim Caefaris rem. Inter multos qui Catonem diligebant & 

nomine male audivit. Akera Servilia Catonis fufpiciebant, alii aliis perfpicue magis 8c aper- 

foror foedior fuit: nam principi inter Roma- tiusid declarabant : in quibus Q. Hortenflus e- 

nos gloria nupta LucuUo, ex quo genuerat rat, magna vir autoritate & probatis moribus. 

filium, ob proftratam pudicitiam fuit repudi- Hic Catonis geftiens non familiaris modo 8c 

ata. Et, quod turpiflTimum fuit, ne uxor qui- amicus efle,fed omnem femel neceflitudine £c 

6 con- 



240 K A T A N. 

Tdfxi^ou ^ KQmvlav TfOLvJci rov omov iij To '^^i l7rix^?^<^^ (rviuLTt^^HV, 
Q7fm tIw BvyaTi^ Ho^Kiciv, Bv<^ha crtwoiK^crcLVy >t, TrimiYifjSflw cAteiva 
ivo TTDuS^oLt;-» c(jut4 ttolT^iV) wcTTrg^ ^'jlpi) x^6^Vy oilmodG-cL^ ^^^Xfi' ^oj» 

[D^ ^ OLvhe^dTVm OLTOTTOV dVDU TO TOIHTOV-, (pV(ret Q X-aXoV Xj TfoKlTlKOV, 0# 

(W^a )^ aKfjLn ywucuy.a (JLViTi d^yeiv to yovifJLov '^7n>(r<oi(racraVi /jL^n TfT^Hova 
"t^^ kavcdv oBiTiKliicraVj cvox^^v ^ KaTawlcd^^^^ ^^^^ hofy)ov' KomfjLir 
vag Q Tclg ^ahxag oL^iotg oLV<^^G-h tIw ts d^irtw oL(p&QVov TroiHv, hcu 

TfOlKVXVTOV Toig •^i<Th ;^ ThutJ 7ro?,lV DUJtIw TC^g OUJtIw OLVaKi^VVtWOU 

Tcug oheioTWiv. ei q irdvloig fs^iX^iTo i^ yiwouKog o Bt/^AC^, ^hroS^oiXTHV 
^^vg TiKScraVy oheiOTi^^ dujtw Ti By^A6> ^ KaTmi Koivmict Ttoui^m yi* 
voi^(^. )>cTOKeAvaiJ^ii 3 xa KoLTm^^, cdg 'OfrnVwi/ fjSfj dyaivoi k^ <^o-' 
KtfjLa^ci Koivmov oaetoTnT'^-, aTOTVov q Y\yeiTou Troiei^ ?\dyov ^s^ ydfJiM 
S-vyar^g Wi^cd Mofjdifjm, juLiTaCaXc^v c/K«f(^, aV (^KVn^nv '^KoAv^d- 
|u^(^ cuTeiv ouutQ ymjcuKa KdrmQ^, vtav fjSfj ^(rav m Tr^g to TiKJeiVy 
iX^^^ d '^^ Kd,Tm(^ 'iKTox^cocav J^ia^ox^' J^ «'^ is^iv eiyfeiv wV toujto. 
m^jliv eit^cdg a 7f§o(riXQvJci rw Ma§Kici tov Kdrma' Kvacrav yb oujtyjv 
TOTi TvlxdveiV TKiyacriv. d (^' yi/ Kdrm, d^cdv t!w tQ 'O^rno-ia cm-Mv yi 
Tf^o^vfjLiav, iiK dvjei^riv-, ctAA' i(pyi S^eiv j^ <Pixi7r7r(^ ToujTa (ruju<^d^cu tS 
TfareJL "^ Ma^Kiag. oSg ^v d Kixi7f7f(^ hvlSjx^eig, iyvct> tyjv (rvfxoi^r)(riv,iiK 
dKhodg cJDifyvn<ji tIw Ma^Kiav, « 7fOL^dv\(^ ra KdTm(^ oujtQ k^ crujuif- 

yv£iil^. 

confortio fatniliann & genus fuum cum eo cum Bibulo & Catone conglutinatus, reftitu- 

confociare, non dubitavit cum eo agere ut turum fe eam. Quum refpondiflet Cato, Hor- 

filiara Porciara Bibulo nuptam, cui partus tenfium fe charum habere, probareque necefli- 

duos ediderat, fibi invicem velut frugiferum tudinis focium,verum alienum arbitrari ipfum 

agrum coUocaret ad ferendam ftirpem. Nam de filias nuptiis verba facere alteri collocatte: 

efle hominum quidem illud opinione novum, mutato ille fermone non dubitavit ei aperirc 

natura pulcrum t;iraen & civile, muliercm in ipfius Catonis fe petere uxorem, quod juvenis 

jetatis flore non vacare vel foecunditatem ex- etiamnumeflet, 8cCatonifatismagnaeiretpro- 

ftinguere, ncque raajore quam necefle eflet les. Neque hic dicasillumeo progreflumquod 

progenita fobole onerare & obruere domum alieniorem a Martia cognoviflet Catonem: 

non requirentera : communicationem autem quippe ferunt prtcgnantem tunc fuifle. Ani- 

intcr probatos viros invicem raulierum, tum madvertens ergo Cato Hortenfii defiderium & 

virtutem prorogare 6c dilatare ftirpibus, tum ftudium, non adverfatuseftei, fed oporterere- 

civitatem mutuis neceflitudinibus congluti- fpondit Philippum quoque hoc probare Mar- 

nare. Qiiod fi retinere Bibulus omnino vel- tias parentem. Ut igitur appellatus Philippus 

let conjugcm, fimul atque peperiflet, ubi concedereidcognovit Catonem, non aliterde- 

arftiore comraunium liberorum eflet vinculo fpondit ei Martiara quam prsefente illo & Jpon- 

falia 



K A T n N. 241 

yvodv](^. TotDToi fjS^ Qv el K^ ;;^f oj/oj? vg-i^ov in^x^^^ fJ.vn^ivli fjLoi to t^S 
yuuJCiUKcSv Tr^oT^ciQeiv gcTo^g. 

Tav ^sfe< Tov Aivlhov civcu^i^ivlodv, Kj tQ Kou<rci^(^, ^zefei ^v ei(Ti]fyiK~ 
0« Kod d^tsWOji TT^og Tnv (rvfKhnTov, eig tqv S^nfjtov KciTaCpvyovl^B^y kou Tci 
TToAAa voa-QvJci ^t, (^iiCp^a§(^ct -^ TroT^iTeictg fii^n t(X.^t]ovJ^ y^ (rtJuucLyov- 
T©^ TT^V cujTov, Kar&iv (poCn^elg ineKTi tIw (haAlw civaKa.^iiV tov 
OLTTo^v jt, oivijULnTov ox^^ov elg to (riTn§i(riov, cti/aA&)jW.ar(^ f^' ov](^ cvi- 
ouuT^ ^^tAuai^ yi (^iaKoa-icov it, TnvlnKovla Ta7\oiv]m. fu^Cpavi^g q tm cf)iAav- 
B-^odTrici TouuTn Jt, x^^'^'' "^ cLTt^^^M cMeivng S^iaTwM^rng-, h^^^iv eig tLuj 
SnfjLa^X^av ifjLTncrm MsTgAA(^, cMKAn^riag ts B-o^v^oOK^eig crujun'^-, kou 
vofJLov iy^-^iVi noiu.7[mov Mciyvov Uvcu k^ tcLx^ f^ t^-^ S^ujudfJLiOdV eig 
'iTahioLVi ^ n^^Ka^ovla crod^eiv tIuj Tfohiv, odg -^jm KaTiAivct mv^uju^a- 
craV' huu q t^to 7\oy©^ i^n^iTrng-, i^yov 3 tS vdfjLH ilj tsA©^, gf^^^e/VcM 
Tct TT^yfJLaTa UofMTrnict)-, ^ a^^^ivau tIuj nyifJLoviav. ^jlfJoijSpng ^«- 
Aw?j Kj t5 KctT6!)v(^ «'%, fioWg^ eiod^ei, tu MsTeAAw G-(po<^^odg ifjLTiicrdv^i^^y 
dTKh cBietKn TToKKoL k^ fjLiTe^a c^^ivi(rav](^, Tih^ q k^ vr^g hn^reig 
T^7ro\Bp^, -^ tIjuu MiTi7\Kodv ohiav det ^^of^lw deA^^oK^nKlw incuvi- 
<rav](^i iTi fjLaAXov o^ct^O«V :^ KaTaCp^vndag MsTgAA(^ &jV cM/cJ^ic^oi/T©-* 
oujtQ K) 7f]noTov](^, eig vTri^n^pdvng d7rei7\dg )€, Ao'ya? B^creig oJ^iTn^j-iV, 
6)V |2na Troti/lflt -^ (2>aA«? t^i>a7r^^dpij(^. aT&) c)^>? fjLiTa^ahodv 6 KaToov i^ 
ynfLa 19 (pcs)vluj }tj Aoyov, i7rei7ro^v q Trctcrt Tolg ctAAo*? i^iaTiTaf^oog, oTi 



falia comprobante. Hoec quanquam tempo- bemque adventu fuo quafi Catilinie caufa pe- 

ribus confequuta funt, agenti tamen de mu- riclitantem fervaret. Id in fpeciem diceba- 

lieribus vifum eft mihi anticipare, tur, revera lex eo fpedtabat ut rempub. de- 

Igitur necatis conjuratis, & Caefareob cri- deret Pompeio, atque ei imperium traderet. 

mina & calumnias in fenatu jaftatas ad popu- Coafto lenatu quum Cato non more fuo in 

lum confugiente, multaque cegrotantia & pu- Metellum invexiffet acriter, fed leniter 6c 

trida civitatis membra concicnte atque ad fe modefte monuiffet eum, atque ad preces de- 

trahente, timens Cato autor fuit fenatui, ut nique convertiflet fe, fubjiceretqtie Metello 

inopem 6c turbulentam mukitudinem fru- ipiius fxmiliam ftetifle femper ab optimati- 

menti congiario delinirct. In quam rem etfl bus, multo magis intumefcens & contem- 

impenderetur anno trecenties feftertium, hac ncns eum MctcUus, quafi fuccumbentem 6i 

plane benignitate £c munificentia tamen mi- paventem, in impotentes minas & ferocia e- 

nae funt illae difcufras. At Mecellus mox ini- rupit di6la, fe invito fenacu coepta fua exe- 

to tribunatu conciones feditiofas habuit, le- cuturum. Tunc Cato vocis, vultus, ora- 

gcmque promulgavit ut Pompeius Magnus tionis commutata fpecie, adjeftoque difer- 

propere copias tranfportaret in Italiam, ur- te omnibus aliis, Pompeium vivo fe ur- 

VoL. IV. Hh bcm 



242 K A T A N. 

A« TTctfgVwo^gv, mV ^^iTi^^ l^ mUs-miVy ii^\ X^^T^ 7\oyi(r(xoi<; cl(t<Pcl~ 
A^o-;»'* gfi M fjiV' MgreAAa itoTKmm, fLtcLvict S'!,' vtt^^oTkIw mmoig cpg- 

'Etth 3 t/«) •^/«(Ijo!/ yVg^ T» fo^a (pg^e<!/ o cJ*>i|(^o? ifJnXhih >^ MgTgAA&> 
juS^y oTTAct y^ ^ivoi kcu fxovofXCLXoi' Jtai S-i^mvli? S^ t!w dyoo^v TiToiy- 

fJ^Ol •KOL^ndClVy y.OU TO -KO^HV fL^TU&OMq SKTTiS^I nofXTryiin VTTn^X^V tS ^Yi' 

fjLH fjLi^^ iiK ohiyov, Yiv Q fjiiyctM Kcu )kto KottVflif(^ p60fXi)y s-^TnyQv- 

T©-" TOTe' KctT6)l/t ol 7r^&)T0t T^ TTOAtT^^ (TtWnyOLVoixJkiV, KCU (TVVYK^iKQvlo 
fJLS.7\X0V ^ (TVVnyCOvi^OvJo, TToAAjI Q T>1I/ ohiaV OLVtQ KOLTi)(pHOL KDU ^0^(^ 

^x^h mTi ^ (pi?\m cvia? ctoriTag hcLy^vTTVijo-cu fisT cLK7\.Y\Km, cv >W- 
^oig ovloL? vKi^ olvtQ 7.oyi(TfJLoig, Kcti yvvcuKctg kcu (ihx<^clg TTOTViafj^oLg 
Kcu ^aK^vii(roLg' avTog o oihodg kcu Ti^cty^Y\KOTOdg ovJvxo^v 7roL(rh kcu Trct^Yi- 
yo^Yi(Tug, Kou ^ofAp(^ <^' ^httvov, 6)V7rgf «6)0«, Kcti vvKlee<^(rctg, v^p" 
ivog T^ (Tvvct^x^^^^ }AivvKiii Sief^a (ict^mg Kct^Sj^m i7rY\yie,^Y\' kcli kolt- 
i^YKTcLV «V oiyo^v, o7\iym fBp avT^g we,o7rifjL7rov\m, 7ro7\7\m q oLTToivlddV- 
Tm, Ka) (pv7\0LT]i^ ^icf.Ki7KSjoi^m. «V «i/ ofkqdg o KoLTm KOLTeih tov 
Viii^v '^ Ato(rKii^m oTrhoig mo^i-^^^ofnpov, kcl) Toig oivoL^d^retg (Pfn^afjSpoLg 

'Cm fJiOVOfJLCLX(^V, CLVTOV KCL^Y)p{JOV CLV(ti fA^ KoLi(roL§(^ TOV MiTiAKoV, 

cBig-Pi-^OLg TT^g TaV ^j/Ay?, 'n 3-goja-g©-, etTfiv, dv^^odTra kai ^^«A», oV 

xa9' 

bem armatum non ingreflurum, illud fena- tur, magifque focii ejus in accipienda injuria 

tui repraefentavit, neutri mcntem confifte- elTent quam defendenda republica: teneretur 

rc, neque uci cos fanis confiliisj ac Me- autem domus ejus ingenti mcerore & metu, 

telli quidem inftitutum, infaniam efle ex adeo ut aliquot amici ejus fine cibo una per- 

fingulari improbitate ad rerum omnium noftarent ei timentes, mulieres vero fororef- 

luentis interitum 6c confufionem : Ca- que quiritarentur & plorarent : ipfe fecure Sc 

tonis autcm virtutem divinam efle quan- fidenti animo appellavit omnes atque excita- 

dam animi commotioncm pro jure & xqui- vit, ccenaque 5c no£be ex more fuo perada ab 

tate digkdiantem. uno collegarum fuorum Minutio Thermo 

Quum populus fufiragia de lege initurus arfte dormiens excitatus eft. In forumdefcen- 

cfl^et, Metelloque armati, peregrini, gladia- dit paucis quidemeum deducentibus,fedmul- 

tores,. & fervi occupato foro eflcnt prsEfto, tis occurrentibus ei,atque ut caveret fibimo- 

ac qui mutationem Porapeii defiderio cupie- nentibus. Ut igitur refiftens Cato asdem Ca- 

bant (quas pars erat populi non exigua) ad- ftoris confpexit armatis fcptam, infeflxis a gla- 

efl^ent, infuper eo accederentCasfarisopesprx- diatoribus gradus,ipfum Mctellura edito loco 

toris tunc haud modicse : principes vero civi- cura Casfire confpexit confidentem, in amicos 

tatis item ac Cato eam aftionem deteftaren- verfus, O homincm, inquit, ferocemjuxta ac 

timidumj 



K A T n N. 243 

wj TB Qi^jULH' ^ M^n(rcLV cwToH? QAieivoi 01 Tctg dvct^ctTen; mTi^^^ovlegy aA- 
Aoi/ ^^^^(^ yra^rimv, « jUoAk ShcmcidcJLq -^ X^t3'' ° KctV&)i/ roi; M»i/ot- 
Tioi/ cLvnyd-fp' >9 ^aS^ifyv S^vg cdg elxiv, KoL^i^ei fjii^rov ifJLQoLKm icwtov 
TH MsTeAAa ii T« Kai(rct^(^, «Vts S^ioLzo-i^cu tIw noivoKoyiav. Kcimvoi 

f^ <^mO^Yi(rOLVy oi Q X^^-^^^^ S-iCt(rOLlApOi K^ B-DUJjLLOLG-OLvlig TO Tf^trOdTTOV 
Jt, TO (p^VnjULOL K, TO 3-0L^(r(^ tQ K0LTCe)v(^, ifyVTi§Oi 7r^(ri)h^0V, >9 ^OM 

}i,iu7KSj(TOLv\o, ii |wV KctV&)i/i S-oLpjieiV, f^etv o 0LK7\YiMig, )tj (Tv?{i<pi~ 
^oUy Kcu fjLYi TT^Movcti tIw Ix^heictv, Kcu Tov VTTS^ ouuTYig cLymitp- 

\^}0V. 

"El^Oot ^ T» Vm^iTH TOV VOfJLOV 'n^X^^^^A^^f "^^ KctV(i)J/(^ iiK 

lcdvl(^ oLVoLym^rKeiV tQ q MsTSAAa a:s^KaL^ov\(^ oujtov, j^ dvctyivodCTKov- 

T©^, |w9/J K(XT6)J/ c/|« ^TTOtCrg TO (^l^hioV Q 0gf|Ct(^, >W 9o'^aT(^ T» 

MsTeAAa Tov yo,u,ov cBi<^ct[^^ k^ ?\.iyov}(^, imt^i t« p^^ei tq ^ofjLct, y^ 
Tltv (pmhuu ctTrUhei^riv, cLxttg ^ dfJLctxov o^c^v ciy&vcL T^g d.v§'^.g o Ms- 
TsAA^ (iymiCoi^Hg, y^ tov ^y\fj.ov yit]c^(jSpov, TT^g to (rvfjL(pi^ov T^zno- 
ySfjQ^, c/K8A<^(7£V ciKohv 07r7\iTcLg (jl^ (po^^a v^ K^ajuyrig ofhT^ix^v. «^o- 

|l/9^'a T»V«, K, TicLvlody (^lOL^rKtS^a^ivlcdV, Vmg-OLvJa. fJiOVOV TOV KoLTOdVOL, K^ 

]2>aAAo,o(^ot/ AiOoi? )^ |Jaoi^ oLvcei^iV, « (z^eih Ma^nvag o tyjv ^iKhuu (pv- 
yc^v vTT olvtQ Kj KaTnyo^Yi^eig, ctKhcl TYiv TYi^mov Tr^i^oi^^y Kj (2>om 
oLvao"%«»' Toig (^oLAT^a^ri, kcu TgA(^ cojtov tov KctTOdva TtH^oav kdu c^- 

TfJv&TOdV) 

timidum, qui adverfus unum inermem &: nu- ciperet, C.ito recitare prohiberet, Metel- 

dum tantum habuit dcledum ! protinufque lus autem arriperet eam & legeret, extor- 

iiiuc cum Thermo contendit. Quibus illi fit ei Cato libellum. Thermus memoriter 

qui gradus tcncbant, viam dedere : cxtcrum Metelio legem tenenti & exponere eam ag- 

neminem admilerunt prxterea. Munatium gredienti os manu obturavit, vocemque in- 

tantum aegre manu Cato fecum trahens ad- clufit, quoufque pertinaciffime luftari illos 

duxit, pcrgenfqiie illico medium fe inter videns Mctellus, fuccumbentemque popu- 

Metellum Sc Ctefarcm ad dirimenda eorum lum & utilitaci cedentem, armatos domo 

coUoquia conjecit. Qiiibus perplexis boni cxcivit, ut cum terrore & clamore accur- 

viri contemplantes ftupentefque Catonis vul- rerent. Dum id agitur, omnibus difturba- 

tum, fpiritus £c fidentiam, admoverunt fe tis folum reftitantem Catonem, qui lapidi- 

propins, voceque Catoncm ut bono animo bus & lignis fuperne petebatur, non defe- 

cflct cohortati funt, atque fe ut inter fe con- ruit Murena, qui reiis ab illo faftus & ac- 

fillerent cohaererentque, ncque proderent li- cufatus fuerat , verura obrenfa toga clama- 

bertatem 8c ejus vindicem. vit, omitterent jacerc, atque ipfum dcni- 

Ibi quum accenfus legera in manibus ac- que Catonem movcns ampleftcnfque abdu- 

H h i xit 



244 K A T A N. 

A(^ i^nfJLm (^ To (infJioL kou (pvyriv cTi' dyoo^g t^ cMdvliii^mi ttolv- 
TcLnmi 7r«^«V a^Teih cMi7\<^(riV' ditavou TtcLKw T^g oTrKo^po^^g, ytcu 

TT^G-iK^OdV )iO(TfJLm OLVTOg iTTi^^^^ei^a TT^TleiV TCt (^ TOV VOfJLOV. oi 3 CVOLV- 

Tioi TciLykm civoL?\.OL^ov]ig iOLUTiig CM '^ T^TTrig lTTni(TCLV cLvB-Lg-, kfJL^onuaLvl^g 

(iliyOL KCU B-CtjijsOLhiOV' UXTTi Tolg fZifef TOV MiTehKoV lfJL7Ii(TeiV T0LO^')(nV KOU 
(^i(^y oloijSpOl.g OTThCdV TTO^h djTTO^YKTCivJoLg CtVT^g cBl(pi^i^j KOU fJLYi^iVOL 
fjSpeiV, OLKhCt 0iVyetV (>L7roLv}oLg ^h^ tQ (^YjfJLOLT^. bV&) (^Y) (TU^OL^ivJctiV CMei- 

1/my tS q KoLTm^ Tr^gAdoi/l©-', kou tol juS^u s7rouvi(TOLvl(^i tol <^' o%p- 

pOO(TOLv](^ TOV ^Y\fJLOVy 01 Ti TTOXKo) VTOL^iTOi^OLvlo ITOLVt] T^TTCt! KOLTOihV(T0U 
TOV MiTi7\MVy a TS (TV FkKyiT©-' (i^^l.^ei(TCL TTOL^ifyeiMV de^^Xn^iV ^OYi^eiv TO 
¥^CLT(i>Vly KDU (hoLfjLcix^^ TT^g TOV VOfJLOV, 6)? TcLcTiV i7Vei(TCLy0v]cL T» VodfJLY}^ 
KOU TfoMfJLOV ifA.(pv?\lOV. 

'O 3 MSTSAA©^, OLVTOg juSJu «f OLT^i^fl'^ KCU S-^(TVg iTly O^OdV 3 TaV 
(^. OtVTOV CAl7ri7rAY)yyS{Jiig KOfJLiS^n TQV KoLTCdVOL-, Kai VOfJLl^OvlcLg d.fJLCL')(OV 

Kcjui, ^vcTiK^icL^^ov, cL\.(pvi$'iov (^i7rYii^Y)(TiV «V TYJv dyo^Vy KOLi (TtwoLyctym 
TOV ShfLOV, dhhd Ti TTOhhd ^Ztfec T^ KctT&)|/©^ cBiCp^ovoL (hi]7\kv, Kai (psv- 
yeiv TYiv Tv^JviSit (io£v t«v cMavay kol) Tnv k^' no^7r«ja G^uvcdfj.oirioLV, i(p' 

M fLiTOLV0Yi(reiV TCJ.'Xy TwV TiOhiV dTlfLdl\i(TCLV dvS'^ TO^tQtoV, Oi^fJLYl^TiV iV- 

Bvg eig 'A(Tictv, c^g tolvtcl Tr^og cAteivov KctTY)yo^Yi(TCdv. yiv -dv S^o^ol fjLiydlKY) 
tS KdTCdv(B^3 dx^(^ ^ fj,iK^v d7ri(TKdjoL(TfjSiJii r' J^YifLoL^x^ctg, kol\ T^7rov 

Tivd 

xit in Caftoris Eedem. Ut folitudinem Me- rent Iegem,ut qua: feditionem Rom» & bel- 

tellus in roftris vidit, £c fugam in foro ad- lum civile excitaret. 

verfariorum, exiftimans prorfus fc voti com- At Metellus erat ipfe quidem immotus ad- 

potem, abfcedere imperavit armatis, tum mo- huc & ferox, verum fuos videns Catonem 

defte accedens inftitit legem perferre. Ad- valde trepidantes, inviftumque & infuperabi- 

verfarii vero ejus mox ex fuga fefe colligen- lem arbitrantes, profiliit repente in forum : 

tes adfuerunt denuo cum magno & fidenti arque advocata concionc cum alia multa in 

clamore. Itaque confternata & attonita Me- Catonem concionatus eft invidiofe, tum il- 

telli cohors, atque armis rata alicunde cor- lius vociferatus eft fe fugerc tyrannidem & 

Teptis illos incurrere, tota diffugir, omnef- contra Pompeium confpirationem, cujus bre- 

que roftra reliqucre. Ica illis disjeftis quum vi fore ut civitatem posniteret, quod tari- 

Cato progrederetur, populumque hinc ku- tum virum affeciffet ignominia. Hinc re- 

daffct, hinc confirmaffet, plebs ad oppri- pente contendit in Afiam, ut hsc ad Potn- 

mendum fcmel Metdlum obfirmavit fe, ac peium deferret. Fuit igitur magna in kti- 

fenatus coa£tus pro 'iiutoritate fua edixit ut de Cato, qui non leve excufferat a repub. 

omnes Cfttoiu fuppetias venirent §c impugna- tribunatus Metelli pondus, ac Pompeii quo- 

dam- 



K A T n N. ^45 

rivcH tIw Tlof^Trm S^vuucifxiv bi MgTgAA^) mkmor^^. iri 'j ^S.Xko'j <^'J^o- 
KifJLY\(rii rlw crJlJtAnToi' od^fjLni^luJ cLnfxQv ;^ >cOT\I/«(p/(^g£^ tqv M.ki7\XoV 
iiK soL<Tct?) otAA cMcLvJw^eig Kj a^iry)(rctix}p(^. oin yS tto AAo< (p;AavOf6)- 
Tnct? i7roi^v]o k^ fA.ireAOTnr(^, ro fJLn Imfi^kvcu tw kxh^^ (^"^^^^ CMv^eA- 
<TDU, n^ K^r©^ «zsfe^-^OjU^oi/' roig ri (ppjvi/uoig o^Q£g s(pcuviro Kj (TVfJL- 

(pi^vJodg fJLn TrOL^^tUJOLg UofJLTrmV. QM THrii ASjK\iKX(^ ITTCJLHT^hodV QJK "^ 

q^r(k(JLg^ h i^o^i ro tsA©^ v^ rlw ^o^av d^pn^n^ UofXTrmgj dg Kiv^uuov 

«a9sV t5 fJLn ^ZAdLfJL^iVdCU-, TcUii Mif/,fJLiH KOLTa90L(riOLl^Ovl(^ CWrOV CJD T^ 

^nfJLc^y Vj ^i^oLg ydyovl^, dg rkv Uof^Tfni-^^ X^^^ fxS.7\hov n k^ lx^(^ 
Uiov. Kctroiv, oheiOTnrog n -Kpjg K^jK^dKKov cwt& yi-j^pnf^ng, ix^v- 
T^ H^Ci7\iciV rlw 0LhK(plw oujtQ, j^ ro K^yfjLct <^hvov ny^i^(^j dvl- 
i(^n V U.ifJLfjLic^, ^9 TroAAot? vnifjLmi ^ict^oXoig jc, KOLrnyoeJ.oLg. riA(^ 3, 
•^ d^yng ojt^ciAAoiuS/j©-' (wV rvp^vviS'(0^ , rocriirov cAi^.rn(riv too-TS ro^ 
MSit^iW-iov oujTov dvci[kd(Tau f^ cToc&jv '^^lwcu-, j^ (pvyeiv rov dymoL. 
A<^';taAA©^ (J^ ^v 3-ejL0Lfj.^(^(T0Lg, tri fJidKXov iviCpviro rn (piXicL t» Ka- 
T6)v©^j g%&)J' gfU|itct JtoM n^^T^nfMcL fjLiyoL TT^g rlw UofjLTrnia SujuoLfjLiv.^ 
UofJLTtmg fJLiyctg >W r' <F^seiOLg InoLvmv, v^ rn 7\OLfX7r^ornrt k^ 
•n^^vfJLioL r' \:m^oxng TTiTToiOc^g ii(S\v oiv hn^eig ^krorvx^v r'['^ 7ro7\i- 
-^j Tr^HTfifiTTiV d^mv rdg vnoLnKdg ct^^cw^so-ta? dvci^dhTKi^^ tIw crvf- 
KXnrov, cag dv ouJrog TtOL^m Uei(T(t>Vi (TUV0Le,x^s,i(Tid(Tn. t^ q 7r7\eig-(iiv 
vTretKovlcidVy a rlw dvoL<co7\lw fj.iyi^ov 6 KotT&ii/ ny^i^(^, d70\d rlw lUii- 

dammodo in Metello conculcavcrat potenti- LucuUo,tumquiaremcenfebat iniquam,reH:i- 

am. Muko magis celebratus eft quod infamia tit Memmio, multafque calumnias & crimina 

afficere ;Metellum ^ abrogare ei magiftr.4- fubiit. Poftremo quum elaboraret ille ut tan- 

tum molienti obftiterit fenatui, in eoque ad- quam regno expelleretipfum tribunatu, eo ta- 

verfatus fit, & precibus placaverit eum ordi- mcnvaluit, ut Memmium ipfum judiciuradefe- 

nem. Nam vulgus humanitati 8c modera- rere,8c litem cogeretdefugere. Qiiare peraflo 

tioni ejus adfcripfit, quod inimico non in- triumphoLucuUusmultomagisCatonisamici- 

fultaflet, neque ludibrio habuiffet eum quem tiam feftatus eft, arcem camexiftimans&pro- 

vi fuperaverat. Prudentibus vero refte vifus pugnaculum fibi adverfus potentiam Pompeti 

eft 8c falubriter non laceflivifte Pompeium. In- grande. 

de reverfus LucuUus a bello, cujus apparebat At Pompeius ingens exprovincia regreflus, 

finem6cdecuseieripuiflePompeium,C.Mem- fplendoreque 8c benevolentia recipieinium fc 

mio populum in eum concitante, criminaque fretus, nihil verebatur fefruftra a civibus pe- 

intentante,quofuitmagisPompciigratiaquam titurum. Itaque praemifit ad fenatum poftu- 

odio adduftus privato, in periculum venit a- latum ut comitia confularia producerent, 

mittendi triumphi. Hinc Cato cum propin- quo praefens ftudio fuo Pifonis petitionem 

quitatis caufa,qu£e cum Lucullo ei intercedebat valeret adjuvare. Labafcentibus plerifque noa 

per Serviliam fororem fuam, quas erat nupta tanti Cato dilationem faciens, verum quo 

4 Pom- 



2^6 K A T n N. 

5"«0-g TYJV (i^hm ^<TTl >C70-v|/«(|)tW(^. T^TO T0\) Tlop.7tm ^X ^^X^ ^^^' 
Toi^^i' K^ VOfJii^CidV « fJLlK^ 'K^!77t\cU(TaV TTf) KctTft)!/* ^« (^tA&) ^OfJ^(^, 

(LHTiTrif^-^UTo M.iiVoLTtov iTou^v cwT^' Kj ^vo T^ KoiTOdv^^ cLhx^piS^a.q 
QjhycL^nc g;:^oi/l©-'j mV« Tnv [^ 7r^i(T^VTi^v ieuuTM ytuJouKOLj tyiv q i/g^)- 

Ti^V t4 M^- ■^*"'*^ ^^ (pCLTiV a -Z^ OL(^ih(pl<S^0dV Ct?<hOL T^ ^VyOLTi^OdV tyIV 
fULVWeiOLV "fpi^. tQ. Q MafCtr/i^ TOLVTOL TT^g rOV KoLTCdVOL K^ TJJI/ ytUJCU'KOL 

j^ TaV cLhKCboig (p^(roLvl(^, ou pp v7ri^yiyoLZY)!TOLV tyjv olKmTYiTOL, jr^t; 

TO jLLiy^6^(^ K^ TO d^m^OL tS dv^eU' O Q KoLT6dV , iiT cJ^<^(idV HTi 

(iiihSj(roLfjSp(^ y cih?Koi TrMydg SS^vg eiTiiVy ^cLS^i^t MbfaVig, jSctJ^i- 

^g, K(U 7\iyi 7r^0C Tl0{JL7IYl'l0Vy (ag KciT(£iV iiK i<ft ^iCL -^ yUJ(/CUK(i}viTli^(^ 

dK(id(TtfjL(^y d7<hd TY)V ijSf <^voioLV dycmd-, v^ rd S^iKouoL TfoiSi^i <pi\ioLV 

TTOL^i^H 7rd(TY]g Tfig^OTiP^V olKetQTYiT^^ y OfA.Y)^ Q a TT^Yj^Ti^ Tij TloiULTrriiii 

S'oB,n kS '^ 7roLTeJ.<^(^. cJm TiiTQig «%0o!/7(3 i^ cu yuucuKig, ^TmvJo 3 ci 
(pihoi tQ KdT6tiV<^ (^g dy^iKov dfiioL tIj v7ri^Y](pavov tyjv X^Jtg^^i/. eiToL 
ySpTQi Tt^-flm Tm Vfi" (piXd^v v7fctTeiCLV 6 TlofMTryiiog, d^yvSAQV eig Tdg 
(pvT^dg tTTifjLTTiV, j^ cs^^qy]t(^ 6 hKa(Tfj.og yiv, c* KT^TTOig QMavd T^ ;:^^«- 
(jLdTObV dej.^iuLii^diV. ei7r<)vl(^ ^v tS K(xV&)i/©^ TT^og Tag yvvcuKag, on 
Toi^TOiV Yiv KOiVOdveiv )^ dva7rifJL7i7\a^ 7T^yyLa.T0bv dvafKn, TloiuLTryiicti (tvv- 
u(p^iv]a <^i olKeiOTY\T<^, OdfjLoKoyav cjneivcu KdKXiov ouutov (^i^oaMv^ou 
S^ioLK^acrdfjSilJov. el q Sei %^g Td (TVfJL^dvla KejLveiV, ra Travlog ioiKiV o Kd- 

TOdV 

Pompeii conatam 5c fpem prteciderct, recla- amplefti me benevolentiam ejus, ac refte a- 

mavit, eoque traduxit fenatum ut id negaret genti amicitiam pracftiturum omni firmiorem 

Pompeio. Ptrmovit hoc magnopere Pompei- neceffitudine, verum obfides adverfus patriam 

um: exiil:imanrque nifi fibi Catonem conjun- non daturum Pompeii glorise. Momordit hoc 

^cifTet, non parum fibi fore eum obftaculo, fa- mulieres, £c amici reprehenderunt Catonis 

miliarem ejus accerfit Munatium,atqueexdu- ut incivile ?:<: fuperbum refponfam. Poft ra- 

abus Catonis fratris 6c fororis filiabus nubili- raen Pompeius, quum confulatum amico cui- 

-bus majorem fibi uxorem, filio minorem pe- dam quasreret, pronunciavit in tribubus pe- 

tiin. Aliqui non fororis filiarum autumant il- cuniam, eratque in ore omnium illa largitio, 

lum, fed fuarum nuptias ambivifie. Quod u- quod inhortis ejus pecunia numeraretur. Do» 

br retulit Munatius Catoni ejufqueconjugi Sc cuit ergo mulieres Cato, fi' conglutinatus 

fororibus, affinitas mulieribus in magnitudi- cum Pompeio fuiflet propinquitate, necefle 

nem 6c dignitatem illius oculos cofijicienti- forc ut in harum rerum veniret focietatem, 

bus placuit mirifice : verum Cato nihil mora- iifque afpergerecur. Qu;e fatebantur confu- 

tus, neque deliberatione habita, fed i£tus fta- luifle ipfum reftius quod Pompeium repti" 

tim,rcfpondit, I Munatiji, &Pompeiorenun- diaflet. Quod fi exiftimandum ex eventu eftt, 

cia, irretiri Catooem non pofle per fceminas: penitus apparet erraflc Caionem, qui affini- 

4Utai- 



K A T n N. 247 

TpaTTi^j ^ ynfjLcu ydfJLov^ oV tIw rio^Wa S^iwoLfjL^v v^ KoMVot^©^ «V 
TOLVTo c-twmfmVj oAiy^ tol i^ 'Vodf^cum dviTp-^i ir^yfJLOLTOLy tIw ^ 

TTOhlTHOLV dveiMV. m ii^iiV dv \<TO)g (TVVimcriVy ci jU,Yi KoLTOdV TOL (xiy-p^ tS 

UofJLTrma <^o^y)3-«V 0Lfu.0L^Trifj.0LT0Lj t^ fJL^ykm (^eihv olvtov iTi^m S^v- 
voLfJLiv n^^rympijov. 

TCUJTOL {jS{J ^V ifJLi7\7\€V iTi. A<^;i8AA« ^Ztfei T^ 04/ TlQv}(i) S^lOLTcl^iOif 
<^0L(T10L0-0LV](^ TT^i JJofJLTrmoV {yi'$HV qB l^VeiV hd.Ti^(^ Td V(P' OLVT^ yi- 
VOfjSpOL) J^ ASjK^K7\(d KotVffll/t^ d^^Mii^Ci) (^(pOLV(^g 7t^(rOLfJLVV0v\(^j 

i7\0LT\>ii^(^ TlofJLTrYiiog cjii crJ/JcA«V6), >c, (^nfjLctydiy^v, S^ vofJLhij x^&^'^ 

biid7\a TQ ^^TKfiTlKOV. &)V y-dvloLV^OL KctV&)l/ CJHl^fd^jSp^ C^gV^^(7g TOV 
VOfJLOV) aVi) KhOtlSiii Ti (ZfftxeixiTO TH TOTi S-^TVTdTH T^' <^Y)fJLOLyCi)yCdV' )^ 

Kou(roL^i 7r^(rYiyiT0, t^ttov Tivd KaV&iv©^ ouutQ (Z^^ov}(^ d^x^- ^ 
•^ K(U(roLe, "^ T" h '{(^YieJ-c/L <^^.TY\y[cL'; inaLvmcidVi dfx.cL \^ vTTOLTeioLv g^«- 

?\iTO a^{yi7\7\e{Vi dfJLOL Q wV« ^ejLOLfJL^oOV. iTTH j xj^ VOfJLOV i(^H T^? ju6^J 

de,X^^ f^iT^ovloLg Tfa^eivDUj T»V fJLiK7\Qv\oLq ei(ri7\oujvav ^eJ-OLfJL^^ov, i^a 
Teix^'^ \:^f^eiV) ^^ia c^^ t' /2i«A«? cwtu i^o^lwcu, S'i.' m^&)V ciiTei^cu 
tUv d^x^' f^^Aoju^iua)!/ 3 ttoAAwVj dv\i7\i'^ KdTCt^V odg 3 «o^-gro X^^- 

^OfB^^g T^ KoUdOLe^i 7\iy(^V 07\lw KOLTOLvd7\0d(Ti TnV YjfJLi^V, /^ TYIV |2>aA«v 

iiTOdg ^ine,^ori. ;^cMf«i' iv id(TOLg tov S-eACLfjL^cov Kcuo-ol^, et(riAS-odV dj^vg 
eixiTo IlofJLTrniii 79 "^ vTroLTeiccg. "^S^etx^eig q vttolt^^, ty\v Ti '\ii7\ioLV cvif- 

yVY\(TiV 

nitatem hanc non inierit, fed permiferit il- contulit tribuniim plebis tunc violentiflimum, 

lum devolvi ad Ccefarem, 8c conciliare nup- Ccefaremque conjunxit fibi, Catone ipfoqua- 

tias, quEc Pompeii 8c Csfaris opes in unum fi exordium prazbente. Ctefar cnim ex pro' 

contrahentes, pene everterunt Romanum im- vincia Hifpania reverfus, pariter confulatum 

perium, rempub. certe exftinxere. Qiiorum intendebat petere & poftulabat triumphum. 

fortafTe accidiflet nihil,nifi levia vcritusPom- Quum autem lex eos qui magiftratum ambi'' 

peii ofFenfa Cato in maxirais conniviffet, ut rent, prasfcntes petere, triumphaturos vero 

adjungeret fe ahorum potenti^. extra muros cogeret fubfiftere, flagitavit a 

Verum ea adhuc impendebant. LucuUode fenatu ut abfentis fui ratio haberetur. In- 

aftis fuis Ponticis controverfiam cum Pom- cUnantibus co frequentibus, contradixit Ca- 

peio habente, (uterque enim afta fua ratJwvo- to : qui animadvertens illos ftudcre CiEfari , 

lebat) quum LucuUo, qui aperte licdebatur, totum diem dicendo confumpfit, atque ita fe- 

adeflet Cato, inferior in fenatu Pompeius po- natus decretum exclufit. Qpare depofitoCs- 

pulariter in graiiara militum legem agrariam far triumpho urbem extemplo ingrefilis, ami- 

inftitit ferre. Quia vero etiam Cato hic fefe citiam Pompeii & confulatum feftatus eft. 

opponenslegem rejiciebat, iu ad Clodium fc Conful defignatus defpondit illi Juliam, fac- 

taque 



2^8 



K A T n N. 



vofjLag Tolg Trm^ri kM^^x^^olv h^ vofMYiv x^&^^ ^Myla^i o q 7rct§i]V Tolg fo- 
fjLoig (ion^odv. oi q (Z^ Ad))iii7\?\ov k^ Kwsffflfa, BJ^A6) tJ grgf&) i^ vtto,- 
TCt)V (rvPict^oLvJig iOLur^g cLvJiTr^rlov' ^dhi^ct q KctTm, Hi^y) {jS^ vcpo^cdfjLi" 
v(^ T«i/ KcuQ-a^og )^ UofJLTrm (pi7\icLV j^ (rv^ctu-iv W ^hv) (^iKoucd ys^Yt- 
fj^^jUv' (pol^eii^ Q (poLo-mv a tjii/ fo^Jii/ -^ X^^'>-> ^^^' o'' <^''''^* roujTyig 

d7rcUTY\(T>i(Tl ftl^OV ol XOf-SJl-C^^A^Ol Kj hXiCtl^Ovlig TO TTlKYi^og. 

'n? 3 T(JLVTCt 7\iy(idV TY\V TS ^>iXY)V OfJLO^^n^PoV dx^Vy K^ 'P^ CMJog OLV' ■ 

S-^odTTCdV iix. oxiyoi TTcteJ-^^GLvlo, (hjcTx^i^^vovJsg TYjV ctTowi^jLV tQ Kou(rct^og' ct 
yj ol S-^o-VTCiTot. ^nfJLCteX'^^ ^9 oKiyca^TOLToi TT^g x<^^^ iTToKiT^ovlo T^ 
ttoTkKooVj TctvTct ctTT cJ^ii(rioLg vTfcLnKYig oLKTX^o^g }ij T0L7reiv£g "^lzsnJhof^Qg tov 

i^YifJLOV iTT^rliV' (pO^YiUvlig ai/ iX^^^^ ^^'^ (^icig,Kj Tt^&TOV fj9p aVT!^T^ Bu- 

^Aw mTct^aivovJi xoTretctiV liri^rui^ct^n >io(pivog, iTreiTOL Tolg pa^cl^»;^o<? tt^ tr- 
7ri(rovleg ouut^ KctTi>i7\ct(roLV Toig pct^c^a?' tsAo? % -^ jS^sAiwi/ (pi^ftivcdv /i, ttoA-, 
7\£v (rvvJiT^OdCTKOfjSiJCdV, i(pvyov cJ^ dyo^g J^^oftct> f^ ol 7\ot7ro] 7roLviigi t^rxoL- 
rog'j KoLTO)V ctW« l2)OLS'lu>,fj,iTOL9§s(poiJ^og ji^KOLTa^cdfjSfog T^g 7ro7\iTag.^. 
fjLovov >kv TY)V J^iavofiYjV cMv^cd(rav, olAAol v^ ^r^o^rs^^n^pia-avJo tyjv ctvFkT^wov 
QfjLodOJL TidaaVj y\ fjLriv cJh^i^cucd(reiV tov vofjLov, k^ |3o«dnV«f dv Tig rdvav-, 
ria 7f^T\v}' fJLiyd7\a rd^avlig cJmTifXia k^ t^ fJ.Y\ ofjLo^rdvlcdv. U)fj.vv(rav ^v 
ciTravlig cJ^ dvdfKYig, to MsTsAAa tQ TraXouQ 7rd^og ov vcd 7\afJL^dvov\ig, ov 
«S vofJLov ofJLoiov ofJLOTGU fjL^ B-i7\Y\iTav\a (S^iihv (^YjfJLog (yii7ri(Tov]a (pvyn 

taque inter fe adverfus rempub. coitione, Cae- re metuens fadio Cxfaris convertit fe ad vim. 

far leges agrarias fcrebat, alter promulganti Ac primum in Bibulum, dum ad forum per-- 

aderat. LucuUus & Cicero alteri confuli fe git, corbem ftercoris projecit. Deinde lidlo- 

Bibulo aggregantes reluftabantur iis, impri- res ejus adortus, fafces fregit. Ad extremum 

mis Cato, qui Csefaris & Pompeii amicitiam telis volantibus multifque convulneratis pro- 

ac confpirationem ,ad perniciem fufpicabatur fugerunt ex foro, casteri omnes curfi, Cato 

jam reipub. conflatam, & timere dicebat fe noviffimus lento gradu difceffit refpe6tans & 

non agrorum divifionem, fed quam hujus in capita civium deteftans. Igitur non k- 

mercedem largitionis & inefcationis petituri gem agrariam modo pertulerunt, verum e- 

eflent a populo. tiam addiderunt ut totus fenatus juraret le- 

Hsec dicenti & fenatus aflenfus eft, & ex gem^Je comprobaturum, 8c futurum auxilio 

populo non pauci comprobarunt, ob rei in- fi quis eam convelleret, mulfta fancita gravi 

dignitatem Csfari infenfi. QuiE enim auda- in eum qui non jurafiet. Quare omnes necef- 

cilTimi tribuni 6c amentiflimi populariter age- fitate adafti juraverunt, exempli Metelii pa- 

bant, hazc ille ex confulari poteftate fcede & trum memoria recordantes, quem jurare par-i 

abjedc populo fubrepcns moliebatur. Qua- in rc recufantem permifit populus pelii Ita- 

lia 



K A T n N. 249 

^ 'IrctAjW ^io »9 Tov KoLTOdVct TToT^TKoi f/^ cu ytuucuai? oUoi (^a^vnG-cu 
m^Dikdfov a^cu -^ ofjLoa-ouy TtoT^hd o ol (piMt j^ (yujuyi^ag. 3 fjL0L?Ki9ct i^ 
(TVjULTreicroLg )i oiyoLyc^v ouutov cJ^ tov o^kov, yiv KiKi^oiV 6 pMT&)f> (ze^i- 
mv yi S^Mu-mv m tcLxol \^ a<^^ S^Ih.cuov Wiv ToHg iyvoiiG-fj^oig aom (jlq- 
vov oU^ou S^eiv oLTret^fiVy h o olS^ujuolto^ to jllstol^^^ctcu n t^ yiyovoTOdv 

i dCp^^HV iOUUTQj TTCtvloLTrOiCriV cLvUtOV Y^ fLCLV\.Y.dv. 'i^CLTOV KOLmVj ei h' wi/ 

' cLT^OLvlciL Tr^-flei TToT^iv oicpetg ;^ 7r^g|t/^(^ Tolg o^^»A<li'«crti/, «o-Trg^ ctV- 
Li$^(^ oL7roL7K?^ci^f) T^ yTTgf ow;V«? OLytAvm. lij yb ei (jLvi Koltohv -^ 'P&f- 

IJ Un?i CtAA « 'P6)V« MtCU KcLTCt)V^. ^gOlQ 04 (pihOL TTOLvJeg, &V CUUTOV 
aVOU TC^SiTOV KlKi^Oi)V thi^pfJy cJh^oHK^^Of^OV ^sm KAwJYa ^LOL (hflOL^' 

yioLg 0Lv}iK§vg W ouutov (ioL(^i[Qv](^. Tjsra raVwj' (poL(r\ Kj ToiiiTOdv tov Kol- 

TOdVOL "h.Oym J^ <^g«V£(Wf fJLaT^OLOS-QlJ^OV OiKOk Kj KCLT cLyO^Vy CM^lOL^luUOU 

fjLo?\tg, yi 7r^(Ti7\^eiv n^g tov o^kov, t^aTov dncLvlodVy tiaIuu mg (paoovia 

'^ (plT^OdV ii^ (TUJUYl^OdV. 

'ETta^^eig ^v 6 Kouara^ ctAAov ei(ri(p^i vofjLoVy tIuu KafjLTraviav (ryj^ov 
okLuj 7r^crKaTavi/j.ovla Toig )>m^ig Jt, Trm^riv. dvliXi'^ q «iT^V, TrKhuu r^ 
KctT6)f©^. jc, T^Tov >C7B T» (Inf^aT^ Kouda^ eihKiV eig ha-fjLOdTneAov, 
^S^iV Ti fJLdK?\ov v(piif^ov T" Trotppiiorjct?, ctAA CM T^ (^a^i^etv dfjLa rafei ra 
vofia (^ta^^iyof^oV) k^ ai^Aviv\a TrctwVcK^ ToiavTa TroKiTdjofB^ag. InYiKo- 
,7\iiSet « |^^A« 1^5 ^^-ctTYiCpeiag, ^ t5 c^j^yy to /2>gATt5"oi/, dyavaiilSv (rtoo- 

Trw 

4 

lia in exilium. Quare Catonem multum foe- rarentur a Clodio, qui per tribunatum noa 

min£ domi lacrymabundx obfecraverunt ut obfcure fibi imminerer. His ferunt atque 

infringeret fe & juraret, raultum amici & fa- hujufcemodi Catonem verbis & precibus mol- 

miliares. Praecipue vero impulit eum 8c in- litum domi & in foro jegre fuifle expugna- 

duxit ad juramentum Cicero orator, monens tum,atque ad jurandum omnium, uno demp- 

docenfque ne juftum quidem fortaffis efle fi to amico & familiari Favonio, acceflifle no- 

publice decretis unum fe debere putaret re- Tiflimum. 

fragari : in apertum vero fe conjicere pericu- Hinc elatus Csfar aliam tulit legem de 

lum ejus rei caufa, quae nuUo modo refcindi agro Campano ferme toto infuper pauperibus 

■poflet, ftulti prorfus efle & amentis : id ex- 8c tenuibus dividendo, neque objecit fe ei 

tremum vero malum, fi, cujus caufa omnia quifquam prjcter Catonem. Hunc ex rofl:ris 

movet,permittat & objiciat infidiantibusrem- traxit Csfar atque in carcerem duxit, qui ni- 

pub. quafi lubens explicaret fe obeundis pro hilo magis libertatem lingus fummifit, ve- 

ea certaminibus. Etenim fi Cato minus Ro- rum inter eundum fimul de lege difleruit, & 

tna, Romam certe opus habere Catone, opus commonuit cives ut reprimerent easaftiones. 

co etiam omnes habere amicos : quorum efl^e Sequutus Catonem efl: moeftus fenatus & op- 

■oftendit fe Cicero primum, cui infidis pa- timi quique ex populo ftomachantes tacite 

VOL. IV. I i & 



2fo K A T n N. 

(piKovm&v K^ (S^fjQ^cev -uzOT ra KctTCdvf^ cBiKM(riv «^g^&i lij J^iwiV, TtpjYi-. 
•^. g7r« iJ c^«j/©^ «i' cTjiA©-' sJ^g {JLiKhYiO-m t\ TToieiV) YiTJYiB-eig \W ai- 
«^ttJ»? )t, dS^o^iag o Kou<roL^, avTog Tivct -t^ ^Y^fJLcL^x^^ ^<PmiV:, TnicroL^ 
S^iKi^ Tov KctTCOvct. Tolg fj^^JTOi vofjLOig QMWoig, )^ Tcug ;^cte^(7t TtS-cto-- 
(T^dOLvliq Tov ox^ov, i-^Y\(pi<TaLv\Q Koil(roLeA fjo^ 'iT^hvejLiSv K^ TolAoltIol? Ot^- 
X^v oi7roL(rY]g, Kj tsotol^ TctyfJLctTOL <^^Ticig eig TrevloLiTioLV, Tre^Xiyov}^^ 
KoLTm©^, «V ctKeJnohiV tov tv^vvov olvto\ Tctig iouw^ '^Y\(poig IS^^vndiV. 
XIottTkiov 3 KA&)'(^ioi/ QM TTcLTeji-Kim eig S^Y^itonic^g a^^vopLm iuLiTct<TYiG-uvJig, 
ctTfiS^ei^av (^nfjL0LfX°^> ^ fii^S Tn Kme,(^v(^ cJ^i?.oL(rei, ttolvIol irejg X'^" 
e/v cAieivoig TToKiTi^ofj^oV' vTroLTHg o Tlei^rodvoL ti KoLKnii^Viov, og riv itcL- 
rw^ T" Kai(Ta^^ yujucuxog, j^ Ta^iviov TlavMv, cm '^ TlofJLnYii'<i KoXTrm 
OLV^^ddTrov, &)V (pa(riv oi tov tpJttov avTS k^ tov (^iov eiS^oTig. 

'A7\7\oL y.ami^ mm tol Tr^yjuaTa xaT«A«(f)oVg? k^K^T&g, ;^ tq 
XcittTi r' mAi(i)g, to q (po^^ci) fjLi^f^ v(p' iouDT^g ixovleg, ofjL(dg 'i<po^bi^o 
tov KoLTCi)va. K) y:) a> oig (^YKrav avTS, tots ;:^aAg7r(W? ;^ fJ^ Trovm ^ 
fJLti x^^^ al^ujuYig, olKX 'iXiFxof^iig ^ioi^i^ fjLoT^ig, dvia^v yiv ii^ tt^ckt- 
avJig. 6 Q KA(y<^t(^ BcTg Km^cdva KaTa7\v(reiV wATrii^gf, KfltT6)i/(^ na^ov- 
T^' d7<hoi tQto i^iafJLY^x^^^A^^ iT^&TOV tdg eig d^x^^ mTi<^Yi, fJLiTi-nifjL- 
*^aTo KaTCtiVOL, j^ T^oyag aviw Tf^oG-Yivifx-iV, oSg TrdvJodV cMCiVov ^yiifj3ip(^ 
civ^^ 'YdifJLctm KaB-a§oiTaTov, i^yct) S^K^dvcti ni^yiv ^TOifjLog i<^iv. 7ToX7\Sv 

& indignantes. Nec latuit Cxfarem id illos Caefaris, & Aulum Gabinium, hominem ex 

indigne ferre, fed ex ambitione exfpeftans Pompeii finu, ut aiunt qui mores ejus & vi- 

dum provocaret Cato & fupplex fierct, per- tam norunt. 

rexit eum ducere. Qiiem ut perfpicue ad- Atqui licet adeo rempub. obnoxiam tene- 

vertit nihil minus fafturum, viftus pudore rent, & partem civitatis beneficiis, partem me- 

& infamia Caefar fummifit unum ex tribunis tu fubegifTent, timebant tamenCatonem.Ete- 

ut Catonem eximeret. Mukitudine tamen nim quum confiderarent quantas fubifTent mo- 

legibus illis & muneribus dehnita, elfecerunt leflias & labores in eo tunc fuperando, quod «- 

ut provincia Casfari Illyricum & tota Gal- gre feccrant tamen & magno molimento, ne- 

lia, adhaic quatuor legiones in quinquenni- que fme macula, fed apertum effevix vi fuifle 

um decernerentur, prascinente Catone, in ar- ilhim convuHum, id eratilUsmoleftum&afpe- 

ce fuis ipfos decrecis collocare tyrannum. rum.ClodiusveronecCiceronemafHigere fpe- 

Adhaec P. Clodium ex patriciis contra leges rabat fe pr^fente Catone pofTerverum idma- 

ad populum traduftum tribunum plebis cre- chinans, utprimum iniit magiftratum, accerfi- 

averunt; qui pafta Ciceronis exterminatione, vit Catonem,ac cum eo fermocinatuseit,Ro- 

omnia egit ad illorum nutum. Confules fe- manorum omniumputarefeillum innocentiffi- 

ccrunt Calpurnium Pifonem, qui focer erat mum : id paratum effe fa£to probare. Quura 

enim 



K A T n N. 251 

^ aWaiJ^cdV rvv oBi Kvtt^ov cl^x^Vy Kj hoi^oiV ^^cLXhcUy (xovov ol^iov 
oKeivov nyei^y J9 (^iS^ovou rlw x^^^ n^iCi)?. dvaa^yovlQ^ ra Kctxi). 
v(^ cig Mp^ to Tt^yfJLct »9 Tr^^TrnAct^ctcr^oVj « X'^^'^ ^^*"» ^'^^^^^- 
vcAg KA&)J^i(^ »9 oAty4)'^&)?, axsi/, «Tret/, d |Um ;:^cte^v Ixj^i;, dvidyA- 
vS^ 7r?s.(^<rr)' '/^ ir^ihSd^v dj^vg eig tov ^fjiov-, cAiv^od^nv vo}JL(d tLu) ix,- 
TTiiuL-^iv T« Koirft)^©". cJliovli « vouuvy ^ ^^Timlw, ^x ^TTn^^Tlw g<j\a- 

•! KiVi 7fM Y} (hjO y^f^fJLOLTeig (JLOVOV, dv l^J K7\i7r\Y\g y^ TTAfJLlSm^^^y 
dTi^(^ KAwJ'/» TTgActVn^ 6)V f/.i)L^V i^yoV CUJt4 Kv7rpV Kj riToAg- 

fjLcuov dvoL^etgy iu k, Bvl^avllctiv (pvydS^ctg KctTdyetv 7T^criTct^iVy ^\iXofjLi- 

V'^ 0Tl7rhei^0V Xd^^^ QAi^toS^O^V d^X^v}(^ COJtS '^i^ TOV KdTCtiVd. 

ToiouJTYi KOLTdMCp^eig dvdfKY], KiKi^OdVi fjS{j iXcwvof^co 7rcL^nvi(riV fjLvi 
<^(jL(rid(T0U) fJLYi^i eig oTrhoL j^ (povag tIw ttoKiv ifi^oLAeivy ctAA' v7tiKqdv\(jL 

Tt^ KOU^Oi TrdKiV «^S^ (TCjiTYi^.. T' 71(JLT^^^' KcLvihoV ^i TIVOL T^ (piXCidV 

Tfp^TiifJL-i/cJLg eig Kv7f^V) i^ret^i tov IlTo7\ifjLcuov dv^ fJLdx^i? eiKeiVy wV ^Vs 
Xi^yLdTCiiVy «Vs TifJL^g bihd (limoy^ov' li^o^Tiwlw y^ olijt^ t' qm Ild(p(d 

©ga S^Od^TeiV TOV ^Y\(JL0V. OtuVoV S^iiTe^^iV CM 'P0(/'6), (^C/!,(TkSj(JL^01^(^ 

dfJLcJL -ii Tdg '^KejL^Teig dvoL^odV. cv q TaVw nToA«ttcw(^ Alyv^fJa (^a- 

o-iA<^V v7r' oeyY\<i Tiv^ v^ (^iOL(po^g Tr^g t^V ^roAiTOLg, ^KT^XiKoiTTo^g fjS^j 

i ' KKi^dvS^^eicfJVy eig 3 'Vodfihuu 7rKi0dV, 6)V UofJL^rYiia k^ Kou(TOL^(^ cLv^ig olv-^ 

TOV fJf^ S'UJjdfJ.i(t>g KOLTOL^dvJodV, C^VX^V TTd KdTCOVi ^»An5-«V) 7[^iTi7n[J.~ 

-^g/iv i7\7ii^(^v cjkHvov (^g avTov n^eiV. 3 KdTO^v iTvfxcLVi fjS^j m toti ^afe^ 

KOi- 

cnim multi fint qui provinciam Cyprum am- jam exagitabatur, raonuit ne feditionem cop.- 

' biant, eoque petant mitti, folura ipfura exi- citaret, neu civitatem conjiceret in bellura 8c 

ftimare fe dignum, atque hoc beneficium ei fanguinem civilem, fed cedens tempori con- 

libentcr dare. Vociferante Catone infidias il- fervaret iterum patriam. Per Canidium ami- 

las & contumeliam, non beneficium efle, ar- cum, quem praemifit in Cyprum, egit cutn 

roganter Clodius & ferociter, Igitur fi gra- Ptolemso ut fine certamine cederet, oftenfa 

tum non eiV, inquit, ingratiis ibis. Ac pro- fpe neque inopem neque abjeflum ipfuni 

feftus extemplo in concionem,legem pertulit vifturum: facerdotium enira ei Veneris Pa- 

de Catonis legatione. Proficifcentinonnavem, phise populum daturum. Ipfe fubftitit Rho- 

non militem, non miniftrum attribuit, extra di, fimul & apparatui intentus & refponfum 

quam duos duntaxat fcribas, quorum fur, 8c operiens. Inter haec rex ^Egypti Ptolem^- 

jmprobiifimus alter, alter chens erat Clodii. us ex certa ofFenfione & diflenfione cum ci- 

Quafi autem leve munus ei Cyprum & Ptole- vibus fuis Alexandria reHfta Romam navi- 

niaEum impofuiflet, infuper Byzantinorum ex- gavit, ut Pompeius & Caefar fe cum exer- 

ules imperavit ei reducere, moliens ut in tri- citu reducerent. Cupiens autem convenire 

bunatu fuo abeflet Cato quam diutifllme. Catonem, mifit ad eum, fperans illum ad fe 

Ei implicatus neceilitati, Ciceronem, qui venturum. Erax forte tunc Cato in levanda 

li a oc- 



2?2 K A T n N. 

y-oi7\ici? KoiB-ci^civ, metv q tov IlToMfxcuov-, ei ^^KoitO) KiKSjcroLg •noag 
avTov' m «A5-gv, bVg ctTraiJlnVoi?, aVs y7re$avas-a?, o.KK dq hd 'pjS 
cJ^Tvxov\(>iv cicaxacroif^(^i k, }tcLd-icrcu ;csA<^Vot?, Tt^mov avtov tQto J^is- 

TCt^^iy ^CWfJLcL^Ovlct Tt^g TO ^YifJLOTiKOV K^ 7\iT0V CLVtQ T' KCLTCKT^iSoY^gj T«V 

vTr^o^^lctv )Lou ^a^VTYiTct ra nS-ag- 27r« q kcu S^icLXiyi^ ^sfei t^'' aaff 
avTQV ci§^ctiJ^(^, i^K^oct(rctTo Koym vQv noTwuu ly^^^vlm kou 7rahpyi(rL 

CtVy C^Tiiu5f(JV(^ OLVTt^ tQ KctTCOV^, KOU hS'ct(TKOv\<^ 0(tIw Sj^OUfJLOvioLV 
y^THiAlTrOdV 0(TOUg iOUUTOV %smTlB-YI(Tl T^OLT^eiOUg KOU TTOVOig 3 KOU S^Od^O^OKi^ 

cug-, Kcu TTMoVi^ioug V^^ a> 'VuifJLY) ^ujJcL^m, aV ^oAt? c^oL^yvejL^ei- 

(TOLV ifJL7T7\Yi(TeiV KiyVTvlov' (TVfJL^\iK^Ov\(^ Q TTAfil/ 07ri(T(t)j KOU S^iOLKhoiTli' 

^au Tolg iroTKiTGug, olvtQ q j^ (rvfJLTtXiiV j^ (TUnJiOLT^AoLTJeiV iToifjLddg tx^^- 
t(^, oFof QM fJLOLvioLg Tivog Y\ c^^KOTing \W i^ Koym IfjL^pe^m KoL$-ig-ol.- 

fjS{J@-', KOLTOLVOOdV tIw OLAyMoLV Kj tIw (TUJUi(TiV tQ OLvS^^g, U)^fJLY\(Ti f^ 

X?^^ "^^^^^ c4t«Va ?\oyi(Tfiolg' ctvoLT^yrelg q vm t^ <piAa)v avB-ig, oLfXot 
i4 tt^Stov ov 'FodfjL-n %)i^, v^ B-v^oug mg oi^x^vl^ TT^ocnK^elv, gVgi/g t^V 
(XvtQ KOLKo^^aAiav, u>g yx civJ^g dyct^i 7\oyov, ©ga iJ fj.ctv}eictg koltol(P§o- 

VYI(TOLg. 

'O 3 h Kv7r^(t> nToXifiDu(^ d)TVxict riv) tS Kolto^v^ iouuTov (poL^. 
fidKOig d^viKieiVi. ^uoTkT^-Siv q ;:^^«^ctV6)v ^^<mKihei(p^ou Myoj^m, ctvTog fjLiv 
iyvod TfKeiV eig Bv^oLvHag, tt^V o tIw Kv7r^ov S^i^uifjL-^i tov dS^iKcpi^Qv 
'Be^^Tov, » TtcLVv Ti 7ri^d)(t)V 7zl KoLVKS^ic^. T»V Q (^vyoi(^oLg JiOLhhct^oLgy Kj xce- 

TOL- 

occupatus alvo : qui PtolemEeum juflit, fi ei liando adjutorem : ille quafi ex infania & a- 

vifura effet, ad fe venire. Pollquam venit,ne- mentia ab ea oratione ad mentem reduftus, 

que obviam ei proceflit, neque aflurrexit, fed veritate perfpefta & Catonis prudentia,inftituit 

quafi unum de vulgo falutavit & aflidere juf- quidem illius uti confiliis ; cacterum avcrfus 

fit: id primum commovit illum, qui miratus iterum ab amicis,ut primum Romam appulit 

cil tantum in popukn&exiguoornarufuper- alque ad fores unius acceflit in magiftratu 

cilium & feveritatem. Verum ubi fermonem pofiti, deflevit inconfulta fua coepta, quod 

de rebus fuis exorfus cordatam orationem li- non viri boni verba, fed Dei faftidivifl^et ora.- 

beramque audivit, quum incufaret eura Cato, cula. 

atque fubjiccret quanta reli£l:a felicitatequan- Porro Cyprius Ptolemjeus felicitate qua- 

tis lefe exponeret minifteriis, laboribus, largi- dam Catonis necavit fcmeripfe veneno.Quum 

tionibus, 6c avaritise principum Romanorum, autem magna vis pecuniae reli£ta diceretur, 

quos redactam in argcntum -^Egyptum vix decrevit ipfe Byzantium proficifci. In Cy- 

expiccuram : confuleret autem ut cum clafle prum fororis filium Brutum mifit, quod 

leciperet fe & cura civibus rednxi in grati- non fatis fideret '^ anidio. Reconciliati.s ex- 

amj comitcm etiam fe offerret Sc iurecvuci- ulibus cuna c«teris civiuut;, corapofltoque 

coa- 



K A T n N. 253 

Ta^tTrfidi' a> ofJLovaict to Bvl^civliovj bT&)? «V Kvtt^v iTTTK^ciV. ii(Tn<; o ttoA- 
7\.«f }i (^ci(ri?Km<; cv cAi7ro)fjLCL<ri >^ r^ni^oug j^ A/S-oi? j^y 7ro^(pveou<; katoL' 
(TK^ki luu Uei 7r^B-ei(70LV cJ^cL^yve/^iwca, Trctvlci /BaAojU^©^ cJ^ctKP/^iv, 
:i TTcivloL KOLTOLTeivetv etg cLk^v tijulLu), k^ vroLinv ouuTog TToL^eivcu, jc, 7T^(T0Lym 

roV WOLTOV QMMyKTIULOV, ii<Pi Tolg ihiTl T' cLyo^q cM^djiV-, CLKKcI Vm- 

vo(^v ofJL^ 7roiv}oLg yVn^gTa?, Kn^vKoLg, (^vnrctg, (pihag, TgA©-- cwTog l^iot 
rolig (avnf^oig hahiyoi^©^ >9 Tt^^i^ai^cdV ^kol^ov, ^toh tol TrXei^oL t^ 
OLyo^.<rfjLOLTCi)V g/T<yA«. (^io rolg rs ciAAoig (piKoig &)V dTTifoov ^r^diK^a- 
(rey vi Tov GVUUYfyi^OLrov oLTToLvlodv MavoLTiov eig o^yhitj ohiy^ <^eiv olvyiks^ 
sov -jlfjo^jluu cMi^cLMV &)Vts k^ Kou(TOLejL y^(pov\i hoyov «y T« KoL- 
rm(^y TriK^TOLrlw tQto to fjL^(^ '^ KarnyoejLag <^ioLTejL^luu a^^- 
^eiv. 

'O fJ^TOl }AiiVOLTi(^ ^K OLTfi^^iCi tS KoLTCiiV(^, OLhX CMeiVki (jSf oKiyC^- 

eJict TC^g DuuTov, ouuT^ <^i nvi l\i?^0TV7riaL Tr^g rov Kctvi^^ioVy Wo^ei «^sc^ 

rhjU O^yluU. Kj '^ CfJUTOg (rvfy^fJLfJLOL <sfei KoLT(ii)V(^ oJ^ihiKiVy W fJLCLTKi^^OL 

Q^(riOLg g7r«;coA«-9-na-si/. Xiyet 3 yVsfC^ |wV eig Kv7rfi^v 0L<piKi^, Kj Aot- 
^eiv T^a^nfJL^hni^hju ^ivioLV' kh^oov q cBi 0-v^g, cLTTCd^ljuuoUy (rx<^&)|«iw^'^ 
r\ tQ KoLT6dv(^ oiKoi (Tuju t4 Kaviyicd' fjLifA.'^oiiM{j(^ fjLireJ-cdg, a fze^ 
reJag rvxeiv "^KeJ-a^i^^i, OTi Kiv^wuSSei ro xiav (piKexVi [uig (pnTi Qio<p^- 
^©-') DUTiov tS fJLicreiv yivi^ TtoKhctKtg. 'E^fel Kj crvy (pcLvou, iw fjLoihis^a 

(Pi- 

concordia Byzantio, tunc demum navigavit in Catonem Csfari materiam dedit criminan- 

in Cyprum. Amplum invenit & regium in di locus hic amariffimam. 

poculis, menfis, gemmis, purpura inftrumen- Munatius tamen non Catonis diffidcntia, 

tum, quod diftrahendum & redigendum in fed illius erga fe negligentia, & azmulatione 

argentum erat. Hic curiofe omnia quum quadam cum Canidio fua extitifle iftam fcri- 

perfequi veller, omniaque ad fumraum inten- bit fimultatem. Nam edidit ipfe de Cato- 

dere pretium, atque ipfe intereffe omnibus, ne commentarium, quem potiflimum eft 

& adhibere extremum calcalum, ne confue- Thrafeas fequutus. Serius ibi oftendit fe in 

tudini quidem credidit fori : vcrum fimul Cyprum venific, atque fordidum atque ab a- 

omncs fufpe£tabat apparitores , prsecones, liis rclidum hoipitium accepifle. Ubi autem 

feftores, amicos. Ipfe denique cum Hcitan- ad januam Catonis venit, fuifle repulfum, 

tibus coUoquebatur feorfum, & propellebat quod componeret in abdito aliquid cum Ca- 

fingulos, atque ea ratione pleraque promer- nidio. Quum moderate cum iilo expoftu- 

calia addixit. Qiiare cum multos amicos laflet, non tulifle fe moderatum refponfum: 

quafi diffidens eis ofFendit, tum intimum om- Solere nimium amorem, ut ait Thcophra- 

nium Munatium ad offenfionem laceflivit ftus, caufara efle frequenter odii : quandoqui- 

prope implacabilera. Ac fcribemi orationem dem tu quoque, dixifle illum, quia me dili- 

gis 



254 K A T n N, 

l^7CHeJt.cLV x^^f^'^ ^ <=''** ^'^^" ^'^^^^" ^oihKov, c/| a^;^«? juS^u ci(piyfjLi- 

VCt), KClS-OL^CO (pCUVOfJ^Ct). TCWTCi {^TOi fJLOVOV CWl^ (JLOVOd (^iCtMX^ivJoL 
TOV KcX.Ta)VOL TT^g TOV KoLvi^lOV oJ^iVifmV. CU(^0{^(^ bl/ CWTOgj iiTi cBl » 
i^etTTVOV iTL <PqIT(ZV, HTi CTV lUL^HK©^ VTTOLKiieiV >iOLXiifjSp(^. 0L7f€ihiv](^ q j^ 

KaViWJ/©-' cdG-m^ dodB-oL(rtv [i^ cLTreSiivJcov h^'vx}J^ A»)\[/gc^, fjcn^iv Cp^v 
Ti(rcz<; cjit7rA<S(j(raii Kj ttoAiw x^^^^ ^ Hy^ (hoLTehHV elTOL -^ MoL^KioLg 
(iTi y) (Ttwc^m t4 KoLTOdVi) J\aAg;:^9«V>i?, Tvx^^iv fj^ \W Bol^x-ol x.&KAfk- 

^ag S^ i^TTVOV' eitTih^dvloL O V<^i^V TQV KoLTO^VOL ■^ Cl?<ACidV KOLTCtm- 

fj8{JCdV, \^ci)TS,v dvra )(,0LT0LK7\iB-eiYi. ra Bol^kol KiAd)(rcLv}(^ dyra fh>iX^ 
f^^cM^^OLf^ov eijreiv, oti (^^ M-dVoLTiov' j^ fC^iX^dvloL 7rM(riov ouijt^ 

KOLTOLKAl^luUOUy TTXioV ^ fjLY)^iV (pl?\0(p^0Vn(rOL^ O^^ TO Sii^TVOV. OtAAct /TCt- 
A»/ 'f' MoL^KioLg S^iOfB^Y^g, TOV (£{) KoLT(t)VOL y^.-^OU 7F^g UVTOV 6)V CJVJU' 

X^^iv Ti (iiihdijSiJov, oLVTov Q Y)KeiV i(t)^iV eig tIw ohioLV, k, •uW -^ MoL^Kiag 
KOLTOLx^Byivcu fJi^x^ TTcivlig d7UY]h7\oiyY\(TcLv' iiTCt) j) ei(riK^dvloL tqv Koltoovol 
j^ (^^cL7\dv\cL Tcig x^^^'' cLfJLCpoTi^g, cLajJcL(7cL^ k^ (pthoCp^ovii^ou. tolv.~ 

TOL f^ iiX ^'^O^ oldf^Ol T^f VTTOUS-^COV Kj fJLiyOLhCidV ^T^^iCdV TT^og ivS^ei^iV 

Mag K) KOLTOLvdi](nv ix^^ '^^^'^ (roL(pnveiocv, cBi 7rxiov iiMofB(}. 

T&) KoiTCt)Vl (TUVl^X^^ mV OL^y^eJ-a TCLKcLvIoL fJLlK^dv iTfJoLKixthidiv))^. 

^ovJoL' Mic^g tQ 7J"Aa To fJLm(^, dlyiioL 7fo70\(ji KOLTOL(rK<SocL(rcLg, m 

iKA- 

gis plurimum, quum minus quam deceat exi- rogafle. Jubente Barca ubi vellet, circuraktis 

Itimes te haberi in honore, ilomacharis. Ca- oculis dixifle, apud Munatium velle. Ita cir- 

nidio vero & propter rerum ufum utor, & cumifle atque juxta ipfum recubuifle, nihil 

propter fidem magis quam cteteris, qui initio ultra tamen fuper ccena egifle illum fecum a- 

adfuit, & prxbuit fe, ut animadverti, abfl:i- mice. Verum infl:ante jam denuo Martia, Ca- 

nentem. H«c verba tamen, quae remotis ar- tonem fibi fcripfiflecupereipfumconventum ; 

bitris feccrat fecura, apud Canidium Cato- venifl"e fe mane ad eum domum, ac detentum 

nem efFutiifle. Quod ipfe ubi refcivit, necad a Martia fuifl"e quoad digrefli efl^ent om.nes; 

coenam ejus fe deinccps ivifl^e, nec ad conci- tum ingreflum Catonem complexumque am- 

lium vocatum paruiflTe. Denuntiante Catone babus manibus, falutafl"e fe & accepiflfe huma- 

ut folenne habcbant a non obtemperantibus, riter. Haec nos, quod ea non minus quam ia 

pignora fe ab ipfo capturum, id floccipenden- publico patratas & magnas aftiones ad decla- 

tem abnavigafle, diuque perflitifl^e in fimulta- randos 6c fubjiciendos mores haberelumenar- 

te. Inde Martia, quae adhuc in matrimonio bitremur, profequuti fumus prolixius, 

erat Catonis, cum ipfo coUoquuta, fuifl!e ad Porro Cato paulo minus feptem millia ar- 

cocnam a Barca invitatum. Quum tardiusCa- gentitalentorum coegit.Veritusautemlongam 

to veniflet, accubantibusc£eteris,ubi cubaret, navigationem,multa vafa paravit, quorum ca- 

piebani 



K A T n N. a5j 

\m?cv 1%^^^ ^^^ raAAi/lct v^ J^^xi^^'^ TnvlctKocria^, mXc^cPiov Im^ca fjLox^v 

TO TTAohh iX^^ '^*^' ^^^^ '^^ OL^ry)fjLCt (TYjjULCtiVOl TOV TOTfOV. TOi fJ^J Sv X^^~ 

fjLoLTct, %7\lw oKiym nvmy cLa-^pcth&g hmofjLi^Yi 7\oy\ig q TTctvlodv «i/ c!\&)- 
XMorg yey^jLifj^iig ShyLi7\Siq g;^&)t/ bi (hxri (hi^^Aioigy iiS^iTi^v %(rmiVy 

dTOKCt TO f£p OLTrihSj^S^^ OJUT^ KO/JLiljdV, OVOfJLCl <I>lAot^yu^(^, (Mt Kgf- 

p^^g&)i/ oti/ct;^de<V> ctViT^m v^ iTtJUJOL7rd7\i(ji roHg (po^Tioig' to q ouuTog (X-x^ 
Ki§Kv^g (pvT^oL^ag, cv dyoe,^ Kcnrimvmiv' 'p^ q vouw^ hd to hiy^v 
Tiv^ 7ro7\.AoL KcuovJoiv 1^ vvKJog, i)(p^Yi(rav ou (tkIwoia, Kj to (St^Afoi/ ^(poLvi- 
c&w. raV fjS^ «i/ s;;^;;;^!'^'^ k^ (rvKo(pctvloLg cMig-ojULeiv Y\(JLi70\oy o\ ^aL(ri7\.tKo] J\-' 
omTcu TTct^vJig' 0L7<h(^g rg ra KaT&)i/t ro TV^yfjLOL i^nyfxov HvifKiv. a -jB 
«V TTjVft/ uVgf a^V« ra^ ^Koyag, oL7\7\ct as^Seiy{jLOL rolg oLKKoig oLKejL^doLg 

cJi,iVifKeiv PiX0TlfJL>i}pp<^ OVifJ.i(rYl^i)' 

ng^OM&)0«V T^^ VOUJ(r]v iiK gActOs T»V 'VOifJLOUiig, 0L7\7\0L TTOLvJig (W$j|U 

ct'^p^^o!^g? ^ k^^g, %S.(TaL o >i |2>«Ari, ttoAu o t« cTji^a fjL^e,^ oLTrlujTOiiV 
TT^og Tov irQTOLfJLov' u^TTi Tclg ox^otg cifJL(poTi^g )>mKiK^u(p^ou, -^ 3-ejtoLfz. 

^a fJLY\^\v 0\J/« K, pl7\OTlfxioL A«7rg£^ TOV CtVOLTTT^aV OUJtS. KOUTOt (TKGUOV tS~ 
TO SCpCUViTO K^ CW^CiS^ig, OTi 'P^ VTTOLTOdV K^ T^ ^^TYiyaV TTOL^OvJodV, «T$ 

aVg^ji TT^og ctvr^g, m gTrso^g rov ttXSv, d7\7\d. jio^ict) tIw ox^^ TroL^i^e^ 
7\0LvvcdV cBi ViOdg l^^ag ^0L(ri7\iKYig, ^k dv^Ki Tr^onfi^v y) Ka^o^tti^rcu tov 
^ohov eig ro vwejLov. a fA.luj d7\7\d 'P^ ;:^^«^actT6)f a^KOfjn^oy^odv (^t dyo^ 

fiebantfingula bina talentaSc drachmasquin- reddituri erant procuratores prjefentes regii 

genas. Singulis longum alligavit funiculum, elingues, pupugit res tamen Catonem. Ne- 

cujus capiti corticem fuberis prsegrandem an- queenimad fuam probandam fidem confeccrac 

ncxuit, quo fi afHiftum efiet navigium, alliga- rationes, fed fedulkatis praebere aliis exem- 

tus ab imo locum commonllraret. Atque ar- phim geftienti fortuna invidit. 
gtntum qiiidem omne pauco excepto profpe- Ut trajecifle eum navibus nuntiatum Ro- 

re tranfveftum eft : at rationes omnium qu£e mam eft, illico omnibus magiftratibus &: fa- 

procuraverat, habcbat in duobus codicibus cerdotibus,univerfo fenatu & frequentipopu- 

defcriptas diligenter ; neutr.im fervavit tamen, lo obviam ei ad flumen prodeuntibus, comple- 

fed alterum libertus ejus, Philargyrusnomine, tae utrinque ripse fuere, nihilque a triumphi 

ferens, quum ex Cenchreis folviffet, demerfo fpecie 8c fplendore difceffitejusfubvedio. Ta- 

navigio una cum (arcinis amifit. Alterum ip- metfi quibufdam abfurdum hoc & infolensvi- 

fe Corcyram ufque fervaverat, verum quum fum, quod ad confules & pra:tores effufos ob- 

in foro tetendiflet, nautas autem crebras py- viamiK>ndefcenderit,nequecurfum inhibuerit, 

fas ob gelu noftc incendiflent, inflammatis fed incitata hexeri regia ripam praeveftus non 

tentoriis fimul codex eft defideratus. Quam- anteremiferitcurfum^quamclafie fitnavalein- 

vis vero inimicos quidem & calumniatores yedus. Attamen tranflatK per Ibrum pecunise 

cepit 



256 K A T n N. 

£^V, 0, Ti i^YlfJL^^ l^dVfJLCitj. TO 7r^«6(^, Y\ Ti ^\i7\Yi (TUJUCLX^H(TCl (j(^ T?fT 

TT^iTTovlaiv Inouvm g^J/ncptVaro to KaT6)i/t ^F^TnyioLV cJ^cu^stov S^o^hJuou, ^ 
TotV ^ictg avTov cm i£r>)Ti (Z^7ro^(pv^(ti B-ecL(ra.^. tolvtol (w$||u »i/ o KaTW» 
Tra^MTnVctTo* NiHtaf q, tov ohovofiov 'P^ ^cLcrihimv, iA^^i^v inHcn tIu) 
^axlw oL<peivcu, jLLOL^Tv^woLg cJhfjLiheiciLV v^ Tris-iv. viidLT^i q OtXiTrTr©-' 

IICJLTY^^ T' MOL^KIOL?, >^ T^OTTOV TiVO. TO cL^icdfJLOL T' d^^XYig Kj « S^tUUClfXiq 
«V KciTCdVCL (Shlyihkv, iiK SAoLtIoVOL tS (TlWcL^X^^^ "^*' OL^StIu), YJ J^l 0«- 
Keil)TYITOL tQ ^ihiTTTni Tlt> KoLTOiVi TifJLY\V TT^^TTi^ivl^. 

'Evrei Ktxg^wi/ ok -^ (^vyJii? «j/ i(pvjlp \W KAwcT/» mTih^c^v, v^ S^vuuai- 
f^(^ fJLiycL, Tcig S^Y^fJLcL^x^Kcig SiXTng, aig 6 KA&fJ^t©^ g^njtgj/ dvcLy^-^oLg 
eig To YicLTtiTCidKiov, dTriojjcLcri (^icL k^ m^elM, t« KAotx^ia fXY\ 7rcL^ov\<^' 
cBi TiiToig /SsAii? oL^^oi^ei^rng, kcu t6 KAwJ^/a mTy^yo^QvJt^ , gAg- 
yg, tt^vcfiddg tJ KA&)J^/a) -^ hfJLcL^x^ag ^of^n?, aTiM k^ (jiyju^ 

S^eiv eiVOU. TOL TOTS TT^X^^^'^ ^ y^(piv\oi, 7[^(Ti>i^H(TiV O KoLTOdV OLVTJ^ Ag- 

yovli, K^ T£A©^ cLva.g-cLg i(pY\, t" [Bp K7\.odi'i\i TtoKiTeicLg fjLY\^iV vyilg ^«j^g 
X^Y\<^^v oXoig vofjLi^eiV' el o cLvau^ii Tig o(tol S^YifJLOL^x^^ iTT^^iV, dvou^ei^ 

TfdcroLV OLVtQ tLu) ^Zefei KVTT^V 7T^yfJ.CLTeiOLV, tI^ fJLY\ yiyOViVOii TY\V ^C^fO- 

AwJ/ vofJLifJLov, d^x^v\(^ cw^vofA.^ -^Y^^pia-oLf^pa. a^^vofJLOig ySp Sv i^nfjLOL^.. 

XQV OU^i^nVOii TOV KhCdSiOV, QJli TTOLTZJLKicidV fJLiTOL<^dv\oL, VOfJL\i SiS'ov\@-', «V 
^fJLOTi>CQV okof. « Q fjLOX^^Og, OdTTTi^ dXKOi, yiyoViV d$X(^^* OLVTOV iSu- 

veiv Tov dhmaoLvlaL, fJLn KveiV ty\v (TvvoLhm^eia-oLV d^x^^ ^^^^ 7r^(Tmov. cal 

T^TH 

cepit populum admiratio, 8c fenatus coaftus fit & detraxit Clodio : hac dc re fenatu 

Catonem meritis tulit laudibus, eique praetu- convocato quum accufaret Clodius Cicero- 

ram extra ordinem decrevit, & jus fpeftan- nem, ille vero defenderet, quia contra leges 

di in pr^etexta ludos. Csterum hxc Ca- cfTet tribunus faftus Clodius, cafTa illius tem- 

to repudiavit. Nicias autem regius procu- poris a£ta & fcripta irritaque efTe debere, di- 

rator, cui teftimonium pr^buit diligentice 8c centi obftrepuit Cato, ac poftremo exfur- 

fidei, petivit ab fenatu ut manu mitteretur. gens oftendit nihil prorfus in tribunatu fe 

Conful id temporis Philippus erat Martise Clodium putare fani vel boni egifte. Sed fi 

pater, reciditque autoritas 8c vis magiftratus quis omnia ejus tribunatus a£ta refcindat, re- 

qiiodam modo ad Catonem, quod non mino- fcindi fuam quoque in Cypro procurationera, 

rem Philippi coUega Catoni ob virtucem, neque miffum fe fuifte ex illegitimi rogatio- 

quam ob affinitatem Philippus honorem ha- ne tribuni legitime. Non illegitime autem 

beret. creatum tribunum Clodium, qui legis permif- 

Pofl<]uam Cicero ab exilio, quod ei irro- fu cx patriciis in familiam plcbeiam tranfive- 

gatum fuerat a Clodio, rediic, mukumque rat. Quod fi tribunatum geliiftet ficut alii im- 

pollens tabulas tribunitias, quas publice Clo- probe,ipfum qui peccavit poftulandum, noii 

4ius in Capitolio fixerat , vi abfente revul- qui pariter eflec violatus, retexendum magi- 

ftratum. 



K A T n N. 257 

rHTd o'!.' o^yii^ KiKi^m tf^i tov KdTOdvxj Kj (piK(^ Xi^A^^ 27rctv(rciTo 
XPS^'^^ TfohtWieiTct (j^iJToi S^iYihhcLyricrciLV. 

'Ek TiiTH UofjLTrniog k^ K^V^ vTT^^oiXKovlt Tci<; ' AA7r«? Koucrxe/. 
(rvP§^opS^oh yvu)fJLljuij inomcLvlo )iom ^^Ti^v vwctTeicLV iJLimvcu' ^ Kct- 
Ta^rdvlig ei? cwThutJ-, Kcu(rae/' f^ "^ oi^X^i clKXov tou^tqv o%\]/«(p/(^gj5s 
;^^o^oj/, cwTo]g 3 t^J* iTTcL^x^&v Tcig f/,iyi<rcLg, Kj x^^/^clt^ >^ 'r^TiodnKcL^ 
^LUJCLfxeig. oTti^ Iw cJ^ i/gftnVei t' Y\yifjLovici<; 59 mTCLAv(rei -^ TrohiTeicL'; 
(ruju(iifjLO(riei. 7foK7\£v q Kj dycL^c^v dvS^^c^v fJHTiivou tUv cl^x^ '^^t^ ci^- 
(TKdialloi^fCtiVy raV fJ^ a?vAa? o(pUv]cLg ov Toug cz^fyehiou? dTTiT^i-^cLVj 
fjLovov Q A^Kiov AofjLinovy Tio^Kict (TtwomSvlcL Tn dhACpny KdTCtiv iTreid^ 
fjun cM?-hjuou y fJLY\^i v(pii^l T» dy£v(^y a' <^ d^x^g v](^, «AAot (Z^ 
^ '?(t)fjLcuctiV iAdj^ie/cLg. iij fjSiJToi Kj AoV©^ '^X^?^ ^^^ '^^ (r(ti<pe^v^v]<^ 
in -^ mMcog fjLi^agy cog » (tjkAoTtlioVy «V tcwto -^ K^Va v^ YlofjLTtYiia i\j- 
vdfjLiOdg (ryV£A6aV«?, ncLvld7rcL(nv vwie^fKov k^ (icL^&lcLv tLu) d^x^ 'j^ofJLi- 
vlwy ctAA d(pou^iTiov ouuTng tov iTie^v. ;^ (7vvi<^cLv\o Tf^og tov AofjLinoVy 
Tra^f lU^fTrg? jc, (Sff^B-cLJ)j>vvovlig dvlihcLfjL^dvi^' 7to7<h^g ^ cwt^ J^ T^Vi&i- 
nuivloiv (S^id J^g(^ ov Tcag •vJ/«cpot? vTrd^^av. t^to S^ S^Hcravlig ol c^ ITo^- 
TTniov, vcpil^rcLV hkS^^v t^ ^ofjLiTia> kcltcl^cuvov]i o^^ft-ov ^sspo hcLfjLTrd^Pctiv elg to 
TTi^iov. )^ 7rf6)T©-' fJ^ 7re^(pcuvodv cJ^^^dg t^ AofJATic^j TTXnyeig k^ TtidOdy 
dTTiS-cLViV' fjt^ tQtov i)(^yi j^ t^ dhhodv (rvvliT^od^rKOfjSfjdiv, kyiviTo (pvyn^ 
Trhluu KaT6)f(^ v^ AofjLina. kcltux^v y) oJtoi' KctVw;', KcuTTi^ cuuTog etg 

T0¥ 

ftratum. Hinc fimukas inter Ciceronem & confulatu, fed de populi Romani elTet liber- 
Catonem extitit, diuque mutuus eft intermif- tate. Ferebatur etiam per fanam adhuc civi- 

fus ufusj poft tamen redierunt in gratiam. tatis partem ferrao, non efle permitteridum ut 

Inde Pompeius &C CrafTus C«farem,qui ex coeunte Crafll & Pompeii potentia plufquam 

Gallia tranfalpina venerat, convenerunt, ha- modicus &: enormis evaderet confulatus, fed 

bitoque concilio fecundum confulatum una detrahendum ei alterum ; confpiraveruntquc 

ftatucrunt petere: quem adepti provinciam cum Domitio, incitantes eum & cohortantes 

Caefari in quinquennium akerum prorogare, uc fe ofFerret : muka enim eum illoruni quo- 

fibi maximas provincias, ftipendia, & exerci- que qui ob mecum obmutefcerent, laturum 

tU8 decernere. Ea ad partiendum imperium fuffragia. Hoc timens Pompeius, Domitio in 

£c opprimendam rempub. erat conjuratio. campum ante kicem ad faces defcendenti lo- 

Quum vero muki 6c praeftantes virtute viri cavit infidias, acprimus, qui prielucebac pro- 

petere pararent confulatum, alios horum in xime Domitium, iftus cecidic. Poft eum 

comitiis confpeftus decerruit : unum L. Do- quum alii prazterea fauciarencur, fit fuga om- 

mitium, fororis maritum,impulit Cato ne ce- nium prseter Catonem & Domitium. Nam 

dcret, ncc certamen deponerct, quod non de Cato quamvis in brachio vulnsratusj retinuit 
VoL... IV. " Kk eum. 



a58 . K A T n N. 

mi Tov vttI^ '^ iKdj^itia? dy&vciL Tf^og raV Tv^vvag' oi Tiva. t^ottov "xp^- 

(TOvicU TM d^X^ <r»A«(rtj (^ioi TnhiKiiTCiilV cl^lKY\{Jl,oiTCdV iTT CWtLuU ^0.^1^09- 

Tsg. 

Ovx vzOTfaiJI^^ tS LoynTU to ^eivovy dh?! etg t!w ohioLV }coLTOL(pv- 
yovJ(^, «ps3-«o-cti' ijSf vTTOLTCh Tlo/j.wmog k^ K^V(^* iix, dTtimi^ o o 
KdTm, d?\A ouuTog •K^ih^m g-^TviyloLV fXiTm, f2>aAojUD|ju(^ o^jttwriiexoy 
tX^iV '^ TT^og oKeivag dyt^vm,'^ yr^og d^^^vloLg dv!im^i<^0L^ fJLn ISiddTng' ol 
j^ T^To ^eiu-oLviig, 6)V '^ 9^Tnyictg d^iofjLdx^i <^^d KdTmoL ire^og tIw vttoL' 
TeioLV '^lfjna-ofjSfngy n^mov [Bp cJ^ou(pvng j^ i^ TroAAwy dyvoiivJm (bahlw 
(TvvoLyciyovlig, i^^n^piTOLvlo T^g cu^i^ivloLg <F^Tny^g dj^vg d^x^^^ ^ M" 
(haT^iTfovioLg Tov vofjAfjLov ;^^oj/o!', cv «^ >^ To\g hyLddcfjJi tov SiifjLov h<Tciv. 
iTTeiTOL ^id Tii '^n(pi(rfjL0LT(^ To S^i^ovou (^img dvvTf^^^vvov mTOL^DidtdcoLV- 
Teg, vvrn^iTOLg coJt^ j^ (pihag cBi Tnv ^^snyioLV Tr^oirnyov, oujto\ fjSfj (Pi- 
S^ovlig d^yvejLov, ouuTOi o Tdi,g -^n^poig (pi^ofJ^fjcug i(pi<^&Tig. cdg o >t, t«- 
Tm h KctT&)i/(^ d^iTn »9 <^o§a (^lw, vtt cu^Sg '^ 7roh.'hm cv ^hv^ 
ttoTkaS Ti^ifj^m "^^o^ou KdTmoL Tcug '^h(poig) ov m7\£g ^x^ TreioL' 
^ou Tn TToKei q^Tnyov, n Ti TT^cdTn KXn^eiiTciL t^ (pvXcdv cMilvov dni^ei^iV, 
cJ^cu(pvng UofjLTrniog P^^ovJhg dKnKoivcu '^^crdfj^^^, cii^i<^oL iKv(Ti tIw 
cAi)t?.n(TioLV, (iB-iCTfjSpm d(po(TiQ^oLi Td touwtol, iij fjLn(S\v qBikv^Qv (S^iocrn^ 
fJLeioLg ^ofjSpng. oLvB-ig 3 itoXhid ;)f;^«(rctju^o< ttI Sim(TfJL(d, T^g ^sAtjV»? 

wVotv- 

cum, acuJtque ut maneret, neque propugna- legitimo tempore quo illos qui populum cor- 

tionem dcferercr, quoad fpiraret, pro liber- rupiflent largitionibus, poftulare liccbat : dc- 

tate adverfus tyrannos: quiquemadmodumge- inde quum plebifcito efFcciflent ut foluti ef- 

fcuri raagiftratum eflent, per tanta fcelera ir- fent a caufa dicenda, clientes 8c amicos fuos 

ruentes in eum deckrarent. ad prasturam provexerunt , ipfi' pecuniam 

Verum quia non fuftinens periculum do- prsbuerunt, ipli fuflFragiis pra;fuerunt, Qui- 

mum refugit Domitius, Pompeius 6c Craffiis bus etiam quum eflct Catonis virtus ^ auto- 

confulesdefignatiiunt.Nec deftitit tamenCa- ritas fuperior, plebe pr^e verecundia rem 

to, fed prsEturam inftitit petere, quo hanc indignam cenfente ut venderet fuffragiis Ca- 

qunfi arcem haberet ex qua cum illis conten- tonem, qux emere reipub. eum pra:torcm 

deret, nec cum confulibus depugnaret priva- deberet, ac prcerogativa tribus illum diceret 

tus. Illi id ipfum mctuentes, oequaturam ex prxtorem, Pompeius lubito tonitru audiviffl; 

Caronis perfona confularum prceturam, pri- fe ementitus, foediilime comitia dimifit. A- 

mum advocaverunt repente fenarum. Ubi per bominari enim id folcnr, nec quicquam Jo- 

infrequenriam decretumfuit ut defignati pr^- ve tonante ratum -Jiabere. Grandi autem ite- 

tores extcmplo magiftratum inirent, pra;cifo rum pronuatiata pecunia, atque optimis qui- 

buique • 



K A T n N. 259 

^pQiTYiyov. iv^oL cTn Asyg^ T«V f^ ^TOd (Ts^vofxm y^ ciS'im<; 3-g|U(^'a? Thj) 
'\/Yi<pov, Sj^vc uxmie, "^J^^vJcig oix^^^' t^H? aAAot? (rujut<Tai^oig aou 
(lyoLva.KlQ(Ti (hfjict^X^ '^^^^'' ^'^^^^ a^^<)(ov\(^ cAiy.?\Yi(riciV, Kj KctTci<^ctv\&. 

TOV KOLTC^VCly OLTTOLvJoL |u6^U &)V7rg^ CM SsaV cJ^TTV^V TOL {JLi7\K0v\ct TM TTOXCi 
TTP^HTFiiv, TTOL^^IULncrai T»V TTOT^iTOLg cBl Uo/LL7rmV >ij Kp^OTOVj Cidg TOIOUU- 

TOL (TmMTOLg (WTolgy Kj ToioujTm d7f}of£{ji^g 7Fo7\iTeictg, h' !w l^mciLV 
KoLTddVOL fjLn ^^TYiyog ouj'^ (sk^%)Yf). T5A(^ % oLTTioijloL «V tIw okictv 

TFe^TTifjL^^i 7rAY)Q(^ TQ^tStOV, O^TOV ii^l (TVfJL7taLv\oLg dfJLOL T^g ^cf^gJ^fi/jl^U»? 

5"£^T«yb?. 

Tai^ T^i^odvia y^-^OLvl^^ vofjLov vttI^ vofAng eTTOL^x^Sv ToHg vTrd- 

TOig, 6d(TTi TOV ju9/) 'l^Y^ejLCiV i^^^^ ^ Al^cvlw VTt' OUUT^, TOV Q ^vejLCtV ^ 

Kiyv7fJov, olg (2>»Aotv]o ^rohsiuLiiv li^ KOLToL<T^i(pi^y vouunKoug k^ 7til\K<£ig ^v- 
V(ifJLi<Tiy (MiovloLg, ol (mS(ju clAAoi tIw dvJiTT^^iv >t, m7\v(Tiv d^nfvmoTig, 
c^sAtTTov Kj To dvleiTreiv' KdTCtivt q dvoL^dvli tt^ -^ -^yiCpocpoejioLg cJ^ to 
p>Y)fjLa, K, f^aAo|ui9^'w 7\.iyetv, fjLo?\ig cd^m i\jeiv 7\oyov li^ctimv. cdg q TroAAct 
7\iyodv »9 i\Sd(TK(^v v^ ^r^^^ionjiljiiv KOLTctvdX(£i<Ti tov xt^^'^^' ^^ '^'"^* ?\iyciv 
ouuTov eicdV, ctAA cJhf^ovJct KOLTicmoL^Tsv v7tY)^iTY]g ^^o-saOJi/. ft)V 3 y^ v-d- 
TCihiV kdfj^©^ i^QOLi v^ T«V d>L'<iovlctg Kj (TWLiOLyoLVOLKiHvlcJLg dx^v, 7rdXiV 
vTTYi^iTng o^Aa^ojuSiu©-' k^ dyoLyciv ouutov, g^w t' dyo^g KctTkn(Ti. kcu 
^K iCp^Yi Ti^mov dcpi^eig, k^ 7td7\iV dvct^^^i-^ag iiTo 7r^g to (^Yjfj.oL, fxsTd 

K^OUU' 

biifquc comitio expulfiSjper vim obtinuerunt provinciis confularibus promulganet, ut unus 

ut renuntiai-etur Vatinius pro Catone prsetor. Hifpaniam 5c Africam, aker Syriam & JE- 

Ibi perhibent illos quitamprave Sciniquefuf- gyptum obtinerent, ac quibus videretur 

fragia tulerant, confeftim ficut fugientes abi- terra marique bellum facerent & domarent, 

iffe. Cseteris vero coeuntibus & indignanti- casteri intercedere £c impcdire defperantes fe 

bus, concionis habend^ poteftatem quum Ca- pofTe, omiferunt & contradiccre. Catoni ve- 

toni ftatim unus ex tribunis faceret, progref- ro antequam populus in fuffragia mitteretiir 

fum eum imminentia reipub. quafi numineaf- roftra confceadenti, atque concionem habere 

flatum omnia praedixiffe, concitaflcque popu- volenti,vix duarum horarum permiferuntfpa- 

lum in Pompeiiim & Cralfum, qui efle^nt ta- tium. Qaem, quum multa commemorando, 

lium rerum fibi confcii, atque ita rempub.in- fubjiciendo & prseeinendo tempus confume- 

tenderent gerere, ut timerent Catonem ne ret, interpellarunt dicentem, perfiftcntem- 

praetor eos premerct. Poftremo domum re- que accedens li6tor detraxit cx roftris. Quum 

gredicntem adeo frequens populus eft profe- etiam ex inferiore loco vociferaret, eflent- 

quutus, ut nec cunftos fimul defignatos prx- que qui eum audh-ent, & fremerent, corri- 

tores. puit iterum eum li(5bor, ac foro emovit. At 

C^um jam C. Trebonius rogationem de ille ftatim, ut dimilTus eft, repetiit forum 

K k z fub- 



26o K A T n N. 

K^ouuyr,g g/x$A<^o(j(^(^ Toig mT^ircug cifj,tweiv. mKhdMg q raVa •^OjU^^a, 

i^-Kohm T^dcdVl^ QMi.7\Sj(Ti){ OLVTQV «V TO h(r fjLCtiTil eAOV cLy^SFCJUC )^ 

5rA«6©-' hwohii^ei 7\iyov](^ oLfjLct (tiw t^ (^aJ^il^iV d^oc^i^ov' cdo-Ti J*«- 
(TcivJci TQV T^&^dviov d(peiVou. Kcimvlw f^ iiT&i tIw «^gg^v o KaVwi/ >car- 
Iwdhodo-i' Toiq f e(pi^i]g, ^V ^<V ^^^^^ciA^Q^ 't^ noT^iT^iSy bV -j cruo-^idb- 
ua-dfj^oi X'^^^^ h ^^?o^<5^'''^'^^' '^i/ot T^ ^y)f/.d§x^^ 'AkvA7\iqv O7r7\oig 
ei^^oLvlig qm ra (iii?\<^TY]eJ'^ 7r^ocri?\^eiv, avTov q rov Kctr6e)j/a (i^ovjlw yg- 
yovgW (^oodvloL -^ dyo^g oM^dXovlig, a>t oT^iyag o r^6)Vav]g$-, c4/i&)i/ q^ j^ 
TTicrovlodv, (hicL Tov vofjLov QMv^odJoLv' uxTTi 7ro7KA^g (TV9^<Piv\oLg o^yn raV 
rio^Trw» (idh7\eiv dv^eAclvloLg. (XAAct raro ^' gTreA^-O):/ 6 K.dTCiiV ^nmXv-. 
o-g* tJ 3 KcwVote/ TTctAii/ vo^a y^^poy^a f^). ^ iTio.^x^m v^ i^ g-^- 
TOTik^cAV, iiK iTL 7r^g Tov <^rifj.ov Kctr6)i/, ctAAa 7r^g avTov T^7rop^(^ 
IlQjLtTrriiov, ejULOL^Tv^oLTo K, vr^iiT^ij^, cog om tov clvtQ r^';^)iAoy dvoL7\ap.^ 
^d.vm Kcucra^. viw fjSp «;c olhv, oTav ij d^x^ (^a^twi^ou k^ K^Tii- 

ifjL7ti(riiTai (Tvv avTt^' ji, fjLifJLvmi) TOTi '^ KctVft)!/©^ a^iviaiOdv, &)V aJ^gt* 
«rloj/ QJ) avToug to nofjLTtnia crvf/.(pi§ov ailw, n to y.a7\ov v^ d^imiov. TavTa 
iioTOxdng d>Lii(tiv o HofJLTtmg v^fJLihH yi^ Tra^iTnfj.Tnv dm^ia -^ Kcti(ra^(^ 
fMiTa^o7\Y\g, hd 7ri<Tiv <liVt/%iW '^ avT^ >9 ^vvdfj.iOtig- 

'Elg 'j To i^Yig h(^ ou^iMg o KdT(t)v ^^aTnyog, iiS^h l^o^i 7r^o(rTi^ivat 
TM d^x^ to^tStcv dg (TifjLvoTrxa -^ fiiyi^(^ oi^X^^ y.axSig, q(tov dpai§m 

fubkto clamore incit.ms popuTum ut fuccur- legionibus promulgaretur, non jam ad popu- 

reret. Quod quum faccret fsepius, a;ftuans lum Cato, fed ad ipfum converfus Pompeium 

Trebonius duci eum julfit in carcerem. Se- tcftato denuntiavit noa intcUigere ipfum nunc 

quuta eum plebs eft, audicns inter eundu m dif- recipere in humeros fuos Cxfirem : ubi vero 

/ fereatem. Ita Trebonius metu cum mifTam gravari ccepiffet & opprimi, nsc deponere 

fecit. Atquc eum diem Cato hoc modo exe- poftet, nec fjfcineret ferre, fafturum ipfum 

mit. Infequcntibus, populo partim confterna- ut fecum onus conjiceret in rempub. ac tunc 

to, 'partim prxmiis 6c largitione redempto, Catonis admonitionum memorem fore, non 

uno etiam tribuno plebis Aquilio armis pro- minus Pompeio falutarium quam honeftarutn 

hibito ex curia prodire, ipfo vcro Catone, qui atque juftarum. Ea Pompeius quum crebro 

Jovem clamabat tonafic, a foro fummoto, audirct, felicitate fua & potentia fretus 

multifque vulneratis Cc nonnullis interfecStis, contempfit & tranfmifir, non credens futu- 

legem vi pcrtulere. Unde multi globo fafto rum ut fe immutaret Crefar. 
infcftiPompeii ftatuas dejicere cccperunt. C^- In proximum annum Cato prsetor fa61:us 

terum id fuperveniens interpcllavit Cato. eft : neque tantum habitus eft magiftratui ma- 

Quuin mox alia lex de Cacfai-is provinciis & jcftatis 6c fafti^iirecteadminiftj-andoadjecinc, 

f quan- 



K A T XI N. 2(5i 

)i KcLTCUYUii^v dyvTco^nT^ j^ dx^Tm TcoXhciytig cBi to (^nfjLci Tr^tn^- 
Xo^J^^i "^ ^avcLTiKcig ^img cMi^pav^v ctv^^^uv iiTca ^^^^m. woi ^i 
(pacTi )i UiT dzA^ov okvov m-KmoTCf. x^nf^oiTi^eiv. ctAAct tQto (J^^J bJC ctAn- 
66»? Agyg^. £r<ct^9«^iu3/j'« '^^ '^^M'^ '^^^ J'(i)^^o>cmg vsjz) t^ ^piActf- 
;^»y]&)V, }i x?^l^^^ '^ (^sxctfjc^ m^ctm^ i^ya<Tici (riwn^a t^^ ^oA- 

A&)l/, |3«A0jU^©-' C/KXO-^/CW -KOLvlcLTTCLTl TO t/oV«,act T^TO -1" 7I-0AS&)^, ItT^- 

crg S^oyfJLOL B-iG-^ai tIw crvyxMTOV, oTi^oig ol mTag-a^ivJig oi^x^vlig, el /hyi- 
S^iVOL mTYiyo^v ix°^^^> cwTo] vraeAovlig cJ^ dvdhng eig Ivo^kov ^im^n- 
e/ov dJ^vvag S^iS^axnv. cJ^ t^tc^ x^-^^'^^'^ A* '^X^^ °' fjnnovlig d^x^'^^ 
in Q ;;^aAg7r&)Vg£C)i/ o fii^a^vodv ox^^- s&Ogi/ iij/ S^ to ^nfxa rS 
KaVii)!'©^ tt^saOow©^, d^pjoi T^^a-Kidovlig l^oodVy KAaiT(p->[u.iiyy t^aT^- 
Aov* &)Vr5 (p^yetv ^hro ry jSn.w-^'''©^ aTravlag, dlutov q oMiivov oJ^di^iiiia tw 
7rA«0« >9 (^^(p^^y^ov fjLo7\ig cPnT^a^i^ou t^ ifjL^o7\Odv. h^av^a dva^rdg-, 
t4 |u9/; hafJL^^ j^ 5-otpp«i1i t" o'4/^g&)? <5b'9uV hM^rn^re tS 3-o^v^'dy k^ tIuj h^cw- 
ytw iTiouu^iV eiTTCdv 5 TA TT^iTiOvla', >i, jnS n<Tvxiag dyi^&eigy iravldTracFi M~ 
Aycrg tIw Ta^x^' sttom^^Vh^q t" i^ahng avTov->kycd 'j, eiTnv^vjLLd^iiH. hTrcu- 
v&ymi^twi^jovla <^^Tnyov gjJcotraA«7roi/1ct^, 5t, fJLn TT^ocrafJLvvoylag.'^ '^ fHTi- 
dvJodv d^x^ rm?(^ "^kto^U) vrd^et crtweiXiTOj (po^^iAp©-' jw9/) avTog hv.d^eiVy 
Cpo^^[B{)(^ srg^a T^To %^.^av\(^ on-maeiv ."^ d^xng.ih^iv 'dvavTolgyeig 
TavTo cDvgAOacTi, (^^^a7\iojcjix i^^x^ im<^ov d^yveji-^ Hm ^vo npj(r\j 
fjLvejt^di^agy eiTa fHTiivou tIw d^x^ Tidvlag o^^ocg jc, h^ou^s' tov q ft?^^ 

€ot^7a 

quantum detraxifle & deformafle, quod fre- tia ingefllt, lapidibus inceffit; ut a tribunali 

quenter fine calceis & tunica ad tribunal ac- diffugerent oranes, ipfe Cato a multitudine 

cederet, & de capite illuftrium virorum dif- impulfus jadVatufque asgre evaferir in roftra. 

penfaret eo habitu judicia. Npnnulli autn- Ibi reftitans vukus fidentia& conftantia illico 

mant etiam a prandio, poftquam potafler,jus compefcuit turbam, & clamorem fedavit. 

cum diccre folitum : verum id falfam eft. A- Quum vero duTeruifret quce ad rcm Derti- 

dultenato candidatorum largitionibus popu- nebant, & eflet magno filentio audicus, tu- 

lo, plebeque nundinationera ficut opificium multum femel compreflit. Ibi laudante eum 

exerccnte, cupiens hunc morbum radicitus e fenatu , Ego vos, inquit, non laudo, qui 

repub. exfcindere, fuafir in fenatu ut lex fer- praetorem deferuiftis in difcrimine, neque ei- 

retur qua defignati magiftratus, fi nuUum ha- fuccurriftis. At candidati omnes ma!o fluc-. 

berent accufatorem, ipfi cogcrentur judicio tuabant ancipiti, quod quifque hinc timeret 

jurato fe ofFerre, atque ibi racioncm reddere iargiri nummos, hinc vercretur ne Ci id fe- 

parati magiftratus. W candidatos offendit, ciflbt alius, decideret a magiflratu. Vifum 

magiique mercenariam muUitudinem. Itaque igitur iis eft ut ex ccmpromifro deponerent 

quum mane Cato progrederetur ad tribunal, finguli quingena feftertia, deinde magiftra- 

Biagiu manus incurrens obftrepait ei, convi- tum omnes pcterent legitime: qui fccus fecit- 

fei;.. 



262 K A T A N. 

^dvJoL ^ x^Yj(ydfjSiJov hy.(i(T(JL(a 9i§i^ou tS cL^yveAa. tolvtcl ofjLoXQy^- 
(ToLvlegy ou^^v^ (pvhoLKct )^ ^^^SjtIw jc, jLLci^Tv^ Tov KoLTOivay Kj x?n. 

JilOLTa. (p^OvJig QMHVOd Tr^OSTl^ivlo' K) TCtg (TVV^WCLg Sy^-^OLvlo TT^g CMeiVOV 

cLvt\ TOiv xi^f^^Tcav ifyvYiToig Kol<oovJcl, Tci x^^f^^T^ f^^ h^di&iJov. cdV 
miv Y\ aveia t? dvct^ei^iOigj a^^<^dg o KcLKyj/ n^ (i^^djoyJt i^nfJid^- 
X(^y J^ a^c/L(pvXcL^ctg T)]V -^n^PoVj ivoL Tm ((s^^oiXKoiJ^JOdv d7fi(pm m~ 
K'd^yQv]oLy )i^ TT^oG^iTOL^ev "^xTio^^v^u TOig dKKoig To d^yvttov. dhh oAizivoi 
jwSyu iTrcavicroLvJsg uvtS tIw o^Q()tyitol k^ B-oujjULd^roLvJig, dvelXov to 7r^o(rTi' 
fJLov, (jdg imiilw S^ikIw Ixovlig a^^ ra dS^iKYKTOLvJHB^' raV Q aAAa? IAwV»- 
(ra ¥.dT(t)V, k^ (p^dvov go^gi/ ^>cto' r^Ta TrMhov, odg (^nMg )^ (^iKoL^YieJLn 
iij dex^^^^ <^^voLfjLiv avTit (^^iromdi^'^. ^hfJLidg y> d^zTng i^o^oL yi 
TTis^ig c^i(p^dviig ttoiu fjidXhov « i' ^iy,ouo(TvVY\g, on kcu ^vvctfJLig clvtyj iL 
7nV<? Wg^ fJid7\i<^cf. (t^ Tm TToAho^v. a ^B Ti,u£(ri fjLovov, m t«V dvJ^pei- 
ag, iiJ% B-oujfjLdl^dcriv, odg T^g (p^ovifju6g, dKXd "^ (p)ih^(Ti t«V (^iKcdag, ii 
3-ctjijiQcriv ctvToig >tj Tng-evno-iv. c/HeivMV q r»V ^ (poQ^v^, Tolg j dTri^Qin' 
TT^g i) TiiToig, QjKaviig fjSp oiov^ (pixrei fJLdKhov n im (i^^^^ou (^ioL^pi^ar 
dv^^eiOLV Vj (pe3^Y)(riV, tIuj iuS{j, o^vtyitol nvd, tIuj 5\ iv^od<^ioLV '^vxy)? ti- 
B-if^oi. (^iKcua vTrd^x^vJi^ iv^vg eivou 'm (^ahoi^o^, fJLdhi<^oL tyiv di^i- 
moLV (idg KOLKiav d7r^o(pd(rig-ov ou.i^vvov^. 

Aio )^ •raJ KctV&jfi yrdvJig oi fjLtydKoi 7r§o(r67ro7\ifjLav, cog hXil-x^^A^^^^- 
TLofjLTrniog j) ^ KOLTdKvaiv '^ \cujTa S^wdfJL^odg tyIv cjneiva <^d^oLv «y»jw$|u<^, 



oLet 



fet 8c largitionetn adhibuiiTet, is ut eam pe- autoritas virtutis invidiam conciliat majorem 

cuniam perdcret. .Hsc pa£ti, cuftodcm, ar- quam juftitia: : quod potentia eam 6c fides 

bitrum 6c tcftEm capiunt Catonem, pecuni- potiflimum comitetur apud multitudinem. 

am allntam ei ofFerunt, atque apud eum pac- Neque enim colunt folum ut fortes, neque 

ta confcribunt. Ille pro pecunia prsedes ac- fufpiciuat ut prudentes, fed diligunt etiam 

cepit, quum pecuniam noUet. Ut dies comi- juftos, eifque fidunt & credunt. Illorura fu- 

tiorum venit, affiftens Cato tribuno,qui pr:g- periores metuunt, his diffidunt. Adhajc illos 

crat comitiis, obferv;'.tifque fuffragiis, unum n.uura potius cenfent quam voluntate pra;- 

cx iis qui comproanferant dolo ufum pronun- cellerci prudentiam, fagacitatem quandam: 

ciavir, prascepitque ci ut CQmpetitonbus fuis firmitatem, mentis fortitudinem efle ducen- 

folveret pecuniam : qui commendantes 8c ex- tes. At quum flatim juftus cfle qui velit, 

toUentes integritatem ejus, mul£tam remife- poffit, injuftitia prsecipue ut vitio inexcufa- 

runt, quod fatis fe habere poena: ab ilhus bili erubefcunt homines. 

fraude exiftimarent. Eniravero rehquis odi- Quapropter omnes principes quafi ab co 

ofus fuit Cato, caque de re invidiofiffimus, reprehenfi oppugnabant Catonem. Pompei- 

quafi curiic 6c fori, 6c magiftratuum fibi ven- us vero, etiam illius gloriam pro potenrix 

dicaflet poteftatem. Qiiippe nuUius gloria & (ux evcrfione habens, objiciebat ei aflidue 

ali- 



K A T n N. 263 

cwS-ig «V IIofjLTrmv KCLTcipj)va<;j ;^ mTci^ocdv r» KctT&)y(^, «J? TToXKci (jSp z/k 
YjJTT^a x^^l^^'^^ vo(r(pi(rcif^ii, IlofjLnriia) 5 7roMfjL^vJ(^j cL7:ct^iod(roLv]i ycifJLov 
oLvTii S-vyaT^i;' KaVwv gAs^^ or< x^^M-'^'^^ A^ ^ KvTf^n to(tquutcl 

TM 7ro'A« (TlWOLyciyol, fjLYlTi \7tnOV "iVCL fXYlTi <f^Ti{tiT!w AotQl/, OCTCL TiofJL- 

TTriio? QM TtoKifJLm TO(T^Tm 'A^ ^e^cLfJL^(dV tIuij ohii'J^luJ }LVm(rOL? 8>f. (XfW- 

yg/xS* KYih^UjlJ t) fJLn^^iTTOTi TT^iKi^ TiofJLTrmV, 'd>L OLVCL^LOV Yiyiif^(^, 
OtAA' O^OiV tIw CV T» 7t07\iTeiCL hoiC^OOC^V. AvTOg pf yi, i(pY\, ^i^OfJ^Yi? 
fJLOl fJ^ tIuU <^^TY\yicLV iTTCL^X^OLg, CL7ri<^Iw' §t(^ Q TOtV fj9{J iX^ T^CL^^OdV^ 
Toig i) S^iS^OlXTlV iTi^ig. VVV\ i) T^ Tih(^ i^OLK,i^O\iodV OTrXli^ i^LUJOLfJLlV KoM- 
CrOLeJt' KiX^YlKiV «V FciActT/ctV, Ct bV meiv©^ m(Tl TtCt^ V^l^, iiT& «t(^ 

i<^mi fjLi^' vfj^ff, ctAAct SvvcLfJ.Hg tyiKikcwtcu k^ 07tKol k^ 'iTTTroi, x<^^t^^ 

«Vll/ iJ^lCd'^ Kj OLv]lS(i(T€ig. KOLhii!i^(^ j OUJTOK^TCO^ Kj <^^TY\yoq, OtA- 
Aot? TOi <^^.TdjfJL0LTOL KCU Toig iTiOL^X^OLq m^i^ihdKiV' OUUTOg Q TW TTO- 

A« a^KcL^YiTcu, <^oi(THg dymok'^ cv Tcug a^[yiXioug, k^ S-o^v^ag 
fjU)XOLV0d(j^(^, oJi m » AeAH0g h' dva^xi<^^ fiova^x^a.v icwm fjLvn^djo- 
[&ij(^. 

OvTtiig fj^ YifjLiwaTo tov HofjLTrmov. Iw q Mot^K(^ ^a(^vi(^, iTcu^(^ 
cuutS iLj (^«A&)thVj oKB^ 4>otA«^<^V 'A7roAAoJ^&)^i^ Wo^^tcu rZtfec ^OdK^- 
tIw «^ecSj Tov 7rahcuov, IfJLTia^Yig k^ (z^KiKiVYjK^g Tr^g tov hoyov, a 5^!- 
^lw iii^i n^cLc^g, ctAA' olk^tov cujtQ Ka^a^^dfjSiJov 00 g 7roL^iVov /C, fjLavt- 

KOd- 

aliquos convitiatores. Ex quibus Clodius ille modavit fex millia militum : quae ncque illc 

plebis concitator, qui fe deniio ad Pompei- a vobis petiit, neque hic dedit de fententia 

um aggregaverat, traducebat Catonera, mul- veftra. Sed tanti exercitus, arraa, Scequibe- 

tum eum ex Cypria guza intervertilTe, £c ad- neficia funt & dona mutua privatorum. Im- 

verfari Pompeio, quia filiae cjus nuptias repu- perator appellatur & dux, quum aliis legio- 

diaviflet. Cato contra tantum prsdicavit fe nes &: provincias tradiderit, ipfe vero muris 

ex Cypro argenti reipub. coegifle, quam ne adfideat feditionum in comitiis arbiter & tu- 

unum quidem equum vel militem accepiffet, multuum architeftus. Ex quibus patet eum 

quantum ex tot bellis 6c triumphis exagitato confufione publica dominatum fibi qu^- 

orbe terra; non retuliflet Pompeius. Affinem rere. 

nequaquam optaviffe Pompcium, non quin Ita Pompeium ultus eft. Erat M. Favo» 

dignum cenferet, fed quod videret dilTenfio- nius familiaris ejus & semulator, quah's Apol- 

nem inter ipfos in repub. Ego enim, inquit, lodorus Phalereus traditur quondam fuiiTeSo- 

provinciammihiexpra;turaoblatam abdicavi : cratis, incitatus &: raente motus ab ejus ora« 

hic habet aUas quas ipfe fiimput, aiias tribuit tione, qu;.^ non fenfim nequc modice, fed a- 

aliis. Ac nunc denique Caefari in GalUa com- crius eum rapuerat quaii ebrium cc fana- 

ti- 



254 K A T A N. 

Kdn^v. St(^ oLyo^vofjiioLV (jL^tmv yitIatO) (rvfjLTra^ddV o o KotVa)!/ Tr^ao*- 
gfl^g TCM? S^ihToig luiia, x^^ yiy^fjLf^eug' hcm xZtt) mKa^yicLV cJ^i- 
^iy^acj TOTS fjS^ (MiKA^(rei (^YifJLoi^x^^ ihvcn tov dva^^ei^iv' uVg^ov iJ 

tS <i>Cimli^ KClloL<raL^ivl(^ CLyO^VOfJLH) TOL TS OL?^?\OL "^ d^lTng kTTSfJLihHTO, 

iij TAg d-icLg ^iamv tJ S-eoLT^oh S^iS^^g 39 Tolg $-vfjLi?^tKoig <5-&(poLViig fAp « 
X^^^S^^j ctAA', «o-Trg^ c^ 'OhvfZTiici, KOTivm' M^ i) cti/ri t^'' noKvTi7\m^ 
Tolg juSj/u "EAA«(rt TiVT7\ct li^ S-eA(^oLKcig, k^ f)OL(poLVi<^oLg }ij oLTTing' To^ig 'Pai- 
fjLouoig oiva Kip^fjLidy r, x^sct yfifit, :^ (tvkol, y^ (riKiag, ;t, ^v>ym d^KcLhiScig' 
m tIw d)Ti?\eioLv ol fjSp \yi7\m-, ol ^(^ivJoj tQ KdTm^ to avg-y]^v ;^ 

K.CLTi<^VfJLf^OV O^OdvJig, mVXn fJLiTi^cO\7\0V «V S^tdxvCTiV. Ti7\(^ ^ Ootdi)- 
•ytC^j «V ToV o;^A0!' 2fJL^0L7\CdV iOCJUTOVy K^ KCth^^Of^p^ QM Toig B-iCLTOUq, 
CM^TH TOV KdTmcLi J^ SiS^OVOU Toig ^Y)fJLi^^(rt ;^ TifJidv \^.OCL, V^ CrVfJLTtCL- 

^iKdhH T«V B-icLTdg, wV cAieiVU) tIu) S^acricLV m^S^iS^odKc^g. cv ^ t^ iTi^ca 
S-idT^dd KaejLm ^DLmia <rvvd§x^^ ex^^^y^ no7\vTi7\(idg' d7\7\ cAteivov >c70- 
'hmovlig o\ dv^^tjdTTOh fjLeTi^couvov c^oLvOoLy Xj cryt^gTrcw^o!/ 7r^oOvf/,(^g -[sm- 

Xe/VOfJLiV(d Tt^ ^OLmicd TOV iJ^lCdTlWf iij TZ^ KctVdJW TOV dymo^iTlw. iTT^Tlt 

3 TOLVTa.-, hoL(rve,m to jr^yfJLcLi '^ (^iS^d^rKm oti Trou^oi/lcL /« tw wcuc^id 

X^^^y ^ ;^Otg>eTi {^a/LTiifJLTTHV dTV(pOd fxd7\7\0V V) CtS^(TKSjOUg KCU TTOTW' 

Ti7\cioug'> dg ta fjLnhvog dhcL (p^ovliScLg fXiydKoLg ilj cm^iS^dg KOLTOLTiS-if^ov , 

'ETfCi '^Kinim©^ ^ 'T-vj/oMa >^ M/awi/©^ VTroLTeioLV fjLiTi^x^fjLivm, « 

f.Lovov heivoig Toig (rvv\e^(poig h^n i^ (TVfJLiTo7\iT^ofj.ivoig dJ^iKnfjLoL^rt, i^oap^.- 

(^oKicug 

ticum. Hic aedilitius candidtus rcpulfam tn- mifcens fe plebi atque inter fpeftatores confi- 

lit. Cato autcm qui affiltebat, obfervavit ta- dens plaufit Catoni : ac donaret honoraretquc 

bulas eadem manu fcriptas : ac demonftrans merentes clamrivit, tellatufque fpeftatores eft 

fraudem, in prxfentia quidem renunciationem in illius potefi:atc fe omnia pofuifle. In altero 

cam tribunis appellatis circumduxit. Poft Fa- theatro collega Favonii Curio fplendidum ex- 

voniojedili creato, cum in cxteris magiftra- hibebat mimus. Spe6tatores tamen rclifto illo 

tus muneribus prsefto fuit, tum ludos eius in huc tranfierunt applauferuntque effufe agcnti 

theatro curavit, dedicque coronas thymelicis Favonio privatum, & Catoni agonothetam. 

non aureas, fed, ut Olympiis, ex oleaftro: Hsec autem defignavit quo confuerudinem eam 

dona loco magnificorum, Grxcis bet.UTi, lac- irriderct, doceretque ludentem oportere ludo 

tucam, raphanum , pira : Romanis vini am- uti, ac benignitate potius defungi communi 

phoras, carnem fuillam, ficus, cucumeres, quam apparatibus & fumptibus, inrebus nihiii 

li"-norum fafciculos: quorum vilitatem alii ir- magnas curas & fohcitudines ponentes. 

ridebanr, alii oble£babantur, Catonis aufteri- Quum Scipio, Hypfarus Sc Milo confula- 

tatem 6c contraftionem videntes tranfirc fen- tum peterenr, nec folum reccptis illis jam at- 

Cm in remiffionem. Poftremo Favonius im- que ufitatis improbitatibus, largitionibus & 

cor- 



K A T n N. 26J 

^wm<; K, hm(T(j,oig, clAX' oLvli^vg i^t oTrhCtiy ^ (pomv hq sf/.(pv7\iov noM- 
fjiov a^atApctiy Tohfjun j^ '^voiciy UofJLTTmov rmg ri^ikiv (Mi?-luucu Tcug d^- 
^cu^mcug' to ^jS^j tt^^tov dvlaTriV 6 KctTm, » ToHg vofJLoig qm HofjjKitiiii 
(pdf^Q^y ctAA cAt T^l vofjLm UofjLTrmca ^iiv vttcL^x^^ '^^ d(T(pcl?\eicLV. toV 
Q "Kolwjj 'XJ?3^^^ dvcn^x^dg iiiTYig, k^ Te/-c^v ^^ToniS^uw tIuj dyoo^v oV«- 
jus^i (^^iX<^^^^-> ohiyov dm7\ei%iv dviTrl^iTov yiyovivca to kcvlov, iyvca 
Td -n^yfJLCKTUL -k^ t' io^dTY]? dvdfKYig e<V UofiTrriiov hacric^ xde^Ti -^ ^«- 

?v«? (^■7ii(rOU, K^ TzJ fiiTejtOdTdTC^ 'P^/S (^^.VOfJLY]fJ.dTCi)V ^^^^(^(A^^ IdfJCLTi 
T' T^ fJiyi^CtiV KOLTCL?d(TiC!dCy tIw fJLOV Ctl^X^CtV InOLyOLyi^ fJLdKMVi « 'Sfet- 

'iS^Hv tIw ^dciv eig fxovctex^av TiKSjToxrctV' eimv «1/ h tm /2>5iAv) yvcjHfibjj 
BJ^A©-', odv ohei<^ KctV&ii/(^, 6)V x^^ fjovov gAscdj nouTrwibi/ vitcltov' « 
'^ 'i^eiv Kcih^g Td TT^yfJLciTciLy cjKeiva koltci^^yxtclvI^-, n tw K^Ti^cti (^a- 
7\(^(Teiv tIw TTohiv. dvct^dg o KdTCtiv, iihvog dv -K^^Ti^oKWctvl^^i himi- 
(TS tIuu yvcafjLluu, kou cTUUuiCiiAdje Trdcrav d^x^ ^'^ dva^x^oLg K^ei-flovcL' 
IToaTrmov o v^ n^cTS^oKdv dzf-^^cL Toig TTOL^Sa-i ;^^«VecS^ Tr^yfjoLji, ii^ (pu- 
7.d^etv iicLm<^iSj^iy\oL tLuu ttoT^.iv. 

OvTCe) Q y^TPiS^eix^^^ ij7roLT(^ Uofj.KYiiog, IhYI^YI tS KdTCt)v(^ i?\^iiv 
TT^V ouuTov elg to K^d^^^eiov. sA^o^Ict q h^diJ^(^ (PiKo(P(^vct)g dcmcLCT^ 
fj.oig v^ i^^^iCiCTifTi, v^ x^^'^ fjo7\oy m(J.g, Tra^iKdAet <TVfj^ii7\ov cujt^ k^ 
TT^i^ej^ eivou T' d^xj^g. q KdTOdv dmKttvoLTo, fjriTS Td tt^^tol n^g 
dTTix^eiOLV eineiv Uofjjtni^i, fJ(-nTi toujtol n^g x^^^i <^^^' <^ (TVfj.(pi^ov\t 

TfdHlcL 

corruptionibusjfed propalam per antia & cs- confulem creandum ; aut enim rempub. eum 

des in bellum civile ruerent amentia & auda- ordinaturum re<S:e, aut civitatem optimo fer- 

cia, atque ideo Pompeium quidam prxpone- vituram. Unde furgens Cato eam iententiain 

re vellenc comitiis: primum repugnavit Ca- prseter omnium exfpeftationem probavit, do- 

to, negans legibus ex Pompeio, fed exlegibus cuitque quodvis imperium pra:ftare, quam va- 

dcbere Pompeio fuppetere fecuritatem. Uc care magiftratibus civitatem.Pompeium etiam 

veroperdiuturnum inccrregnum, Sctribusex- expeiStare fe optime ufurum poteftate, Sc 

ercitibus forum quotidie obfidentibus parum concreditam fibi rempublicam confervatu- 

abfuit quin malum fifti non poffet, ftatuit an- rum. 

te ultimam neceffitatem fummam rcrum fpon- Ita conful Pompeius xieclaratus Catonem 

taneo fenatus bcneficio conferre in Pompei- oravic ut in fuburbium veniret ad fe : quem, 

«m,& quam minimo malopro medicinautens ut venit, excepit benigne falutationibus 5c 

ad raaximasliiescomponcndas, dominatum in- complexibus, gratiifque aftis rogavit ut con- 

vehcre potius quam pcrmictere ut fediiio ter- filio adcfte fibi & pnEefte vellet in confulatu. 

minaret in dominatum. IgicurBibulus Catonis Refpondit Cato neque prima odio fe dixiftc 

BecelTarius fententiam dixitjPompeium folum Pompeii, neque hasc ftudio, fed omnia bo- 



V.OL, ly. Ll 



ni 



266 



K A T A Ni 



Crici Q, K^V lULY) rZ^mMTOU) TTcivJaig ^ilv TO (pOUVOfApoV. J^ TOLVTOL iTT^T* 

Tiv cog dm- 7te,(^Tov ^ y) o%^ raV h)icL(ruLv\cLg «c^) tov (^fjLov cBiTi/uuct 
Kcuvci Kj (S^img fj.iycLAa? ra no//,7rma vofjLo^iT^v}(^i dfJLihdv QMiK<^i t^S 
yiyovoTOdV, j^ /T^^crg^eii/ Tolg fiihT^ncnv, 'dTi y^ oVa ^«Vg^ rct 7r^v\fjL0Le,TY)~ 
pSpGL l^iTeiy oeJL(rcu '^cLhov, lciv Ti v^mi^ y^C^^"^ dhmfJLCJLTm cJ^Ti- 
jLUct, hivct neidi^cu, tQtov ov a Trct^i^^Mvov ^t «J*wat/ vofjLov, k^ tQtov 
zoXctl^of^ii?. ineiTct, 7ro7\?\^v iceAvof^oiv cRnpoLvodv ctvt^^cdv, zvicov q >lou. 
<pi7\m Tb UofiTrYiiii j^ oheioav, o^OdV olvtqv cvS^iS^oiiJct cv 7io7\7\oig )^ nafA.TfJo- 

fApoV, iTtiTifJLOL (T^poS^^^g V^ S^Wyei^iV. iTtd Q VOfJLOd TaV «firiSoVct? 7\iyiSr(ii. 

<Ztfe« T^^ KeAvoi^podv iTTcuvng avTog ct<pi7\0dv, MyyaTtfe) OA<3tV;ca) (rt/ry^V 

%]/Ct? gVcWl/OJ/ (i^' -i? C^WW? iiS^OdKiV, C%^0jw9/J©^ KoiV&)l/ TC4 fflTCt TOmV %S^- 
V<!/ ( iTVX^ y) (S^MCt^OdV ) CMOOTWiV CiVCtyiVOd^Dii^CU tIw fA.Ct(JTVe/,CtV. 6 Q 

<[>Act;c>c©-' ct7rsAg|6!/ ayVov c/)« t^i^ (^iKOL^OdV jM^ T^^V 7\oy^g, -^ ^d^iv ■^tJoV' 
j)'Afe). )^ oA6)$: oL7ro^ov hJu Tv^yfJLct y^ Sv(rfjLiT(XX^eA7ov o KoLTOdV Toig (pSj^ 
y^(Ti, fiYiTi (^nAoi^oig oLVTov "^Aiireiv hmsyiv, fjLYiTs "^^mXiyeiV To7\fJL&-^ 
civ. Yi7\0d(TOLV '^ »x o7\iyoi, Tov KoLTOdVct (pSjynv iSo'^OLv}ig, « S-ajsf)ilv ToHg: 
^iiLcuag. hiag q Jt, 7r^^(pi^ov oi 7\oi<So^Qv]ig, odg ovci<^^ fJLiya, to fjLY) H- 
^ac^ou KeiTbju KctTOdva, Tr^OTCiVOlBpOL 

'E7r« 5 KoMVctf©-' ctyVa i^ ifjL7ri(pv}ioT(^ Tolg <^eS^djfJLctsnv c^ Ta7\a^ 

jictr 



Tii publicicaura.Privatim igiturpetenti confi- 
lium daturum, publice etiamfi non petat,om- 
nino di£lurum quod fibi efTet vifum. Atque 
haec ut dixit, ita egit. Primum namque ad- 
verfus eos qui pecuniam inpopulo pronuncia- 
verant,novas mulftas 6c poenasgraves paranti 
promulgare Pompeio,omittere confuluit prae- 
terita & providere in futurum. Haud enimu- 
bi prajteriiis peccatis fubfifteret excutiendis, 
proclive futurum ftatuere : &: fi recentiores 
fanciantur raulftae ofFenfis, injuriam paflu- 
ros hos, fi quara non violaverunt, neque 
perruperunt legem, ea puniantur. Dcinde 
quum multi rei fierent clari viri, aliqui etiam 
Pompeii amici 6c neceflarii, animadvertens 
multis conniventcm £c remiirum, increpavit 
acriter 6c excitavit eum.Qiiumverolaudatio- 



nes, qux dici pro rcis folebant, ipfe Pom- 
peius lege interdixiflet, 8c tamen Munatio 
Flacco fcriptam dediflet in judicio laudatio- 
nem : obturans Cato manibus aures, (erat e- 
nim inter judices) prohibuit illud tcftimoni- 
um rccitari. At Flaccus ex judicibus eum 
poft aftiones rejecit, nec minus eft damna- 
tus. Omnino vero curam prasbebat Cato reis 
ancipitem atque iraplicatam : quod neque re- 
linquere vellent eum judicem, neque aude- 
rent rejicerc. Multi enim everfi judicio 
funt, quod Catone.m declinare, non niti in- 
nocentia putarcntur. NonnuUos etiara no- 
minabant infeftatores, velut magnum pro- 
brum, quod Catonem judicem repuliffent, ob- 
jicientcs. 
Porro quum ipfe Casfarlegionibus GaUicisin- 

cubarer, 



K A T i~L R 267 

tIw cv rw TToAet x^^l^'"^ ^twoifJiiVy «7« [jjp cu Ka.Tm(^ ir^ciyo^Sj- 
<r«? ciVi<pi^v Tov IloiuLTrmov c/jt noKKrig Y\S*r\ t" -K^^iv d-Kmag ovei^no- 
7\Qvlct To (^avov' iT^ei o Iw okvh k^ ^gAAvjtrg&i? dToKfjiii Tr^g to mKv- 
«i^ yi cJmx^^^^ ^WttAsw^, ^^fJin^TiV KciTm v-kclthclv cz^fyihXetv, dg. 
d<pcu^Y}(ro^(^ <^'^t;V Td onT^a tQ KcwVct^v^, m tIw cBi^ahlw oJ^iKiy- 
^m. oi (^' dvlia^fykKKovliq cwt^-, ^^cteisi^g? p3/] «a-af dimcpoTi^i, 2«A- 
tfIki©^ »9 TToAAa -i^ T« KaT&)j/(^ ov rw TroAfi (S^o^m Ti v^ ^vutjdyLidbq 

'^7\iK&JUmq. » fJikeAOV »V gcTo^C^ TT^yfMCL TTOlflVy aj^' ^X'^^^^^' ^ f^^ 

c ye KATm cviKd?'.ei. Tt y), 'icpny S-caifxcig-ov, ei ng vofii^ei t^ dycL- 
^m fjLiyi9ov, ki§ca fjLvi -Jicf.o/.n^i j TretVa? 3 Thxi ^-dKlw -^Yi^piToL^ TbV fJLi^ 
TiovJoLg t!w d^x^ cwT^g h^i^^ tov S^nfA.ov, ^/ erg^» q ^ji J^s^cS^, ^»5- 
i^i cvlvfxci-veiv vTTi^ cw'^ (Z^AOvlctg, gVi fJidKhov ^^'AytLouvi raV ai^SfiW/TB;* 
« jt6>i ^o't/01/ To Aot^e<i/ fJLi^ov, d7\7\d >lj To ^iSovcu x^^V-v cuJTiig d(pvi^n~ 
fj^(^, diro^v ytj aTifjLov ofjL^ tov ^iifj.ov innoimi. Tt^g q TaV« fj.nTZ 
ewToq oJ^vxiiv vTTi^ cwT^ m^cLvog ciiv, ctAA h Y]^ei To T8 jS{8 fj.d7\7\oy 
d^ici)fJLOL ^ii7\oi^(^ (pv7\doTeiV, n 7r^(T7\CL^eiv to t' de^xy^q, 7roiki^(^ rdg 
h^i(jd(reig, fjLviTS raV (pi?\^g idcrcLg, olg o;;^A©^ d7\i(rKf) k^ ^i^TrSjiTcUt 
TToieivy dnkvx^ '^ i^^X^^' 

■ <i>i^vl(^ 5 tQ Ti^yfJLCLT^^ ii^ ctuTolg fLovoig Tolg '^TvxScTiv, d7\hd y^ 
; (piT^oig 

cubaret, 8c armis infifterct, dona autem, lar- concedat alteri ? Suafit autem fenatui decer- 

gitionem 8c amicos potiffimum adhiberet ad nere, candidati populum ut per fe prenfa- 

urbanam potentiam parandam, jam pracmoni- rent, nec per alium rogarent vel appellarent 

ta Catonis excitabant Pompeium ex fecurita- pro fe circumeuntes. Quare exafperavit mul- 

te magna priore veluti per infomnium imagi- to magis homines, quod non modo merce- 

nantcm periculum. Quia vero nimium erac dem capiendam, verum etiam beneficii ipfij 

lentus & fegnis ad obfiftendum Ca;fari, at- Collationem adimens, inopem fimul & con- 

que ad rem aggrediendam, conftituit Cato temptam plebem efficeret. Ad hxc quum 

confulatum petere, ut confeilim Csefari ar- nec ad ambiendum eflet pro fe ipfe appofitus, 

ma extorqueret, aut denudaret ejus confilia. verum in gravitate mallet morum fuorumre- 

Competitores Catonis ambo boni viri crant: tinere dignitatcm, quam amplitudinem acqui-' 

Sulpirius etiam multum ex Catonis in re. rere confulatus, atque fic prenfans, neque a- 

pub. autoritatc & opibus acccperat emolu- micis permittens facere ea quibus ducitur 

menti. Quare habebatur non boni neque 8c capitur multitudo, repulfum confulatU3 

grati viri officio fungi : nihil eft tamen of- tulit. 

fcnfus Cato. Quid eft enim, inquit, miri, fi Qux res quum adferre folita eflet non ipfis 

guod quis fummum arbiiratur bonum, non modo qui repulfam tulerant, fed 8c corum a- 

L 1 & mi- 



268 K A T n N. 

(plhoig cw'^ K^ olmot? (riu) cu^vvn tiv) Km(p£iciV k^ iTiv^'^ eCp' r\[Xi^? 
%oKhdg-> iiTOdg mffce pci()viuci)g to crvf/.^^i^mog, od(TTi cihei-^ctf^(^ f^ cv t^ 

TTit^M 0-<pDUeACrcU, fJLiT a.e^^^OV Q TTCthlVi CeXTm^ ii^l<^Q., ^iCLTCf.^dg €ig CtyO- 
^V civV7ro<^Y)T(^ J^ CLXiTOdV, (^TtCLTmCJU fJl) T^ (Tiwil^OdV. CUTiS.TOU Q K<- 
^i^OiV OTi T^ Tr^yfJiCLTOdV OL^X^^^ TOl>iTd S^lOl^OdV-, iiK, iTTOlYiG-CiTO Caiii- 
^lu), «/1 Vmhhv OfJLlXlCt (plTKavQ^OdTTCt) TOV S^YifJLOV, CtKhd ^ Tt^g TO hoi- 

TTcv cJi,imiuLi K^ ctwy)yo^djs, kcutoi Tnv <^^Tr,yicLV cwB-ig c^ vttol^x^'^ I^^t- 
€h^odV. gAg"^ ^v KctTcov on '^ (jSp '^^Tnyictg a k^ yvcJifjdw i^iTticri -^- 

TroT^hOdV-, Cthhct |2iiC{.iS"gi^&)J/, i] i^iCL<P^Ci^iVTOdV' h Q TCUg VTFOLTlKOUg •^^(^01^ 

(jLYihfJLia.g ^icLza^ylcLg '^oi^pr.g, %yvoi k^ tu ^nfJL^^ 7T^(TM>L^iiKC^g S^id tov 

aVTOV T^JvfOV, OV iiTi fJLlTa^i^ TT^g £Tgf&)V X'^^^' ^'^^ X§^1^^^ Oi"0'V! 

TTcthiv ojLLoia TTa^nv, vQv ix°^^ cLvS^^g hiv. 

T» Q Kcu(ra§(^ \fjL^ahov\(^ elg l^vn fJLCLx^-fJLa, %j a^^^ohcng K^Tnorav^ 
T©^, Ti§fjLavolg q k^ cotov^^v ^of^jodv ^o>lQv](^ <ShU^cu v^ KaTa^ahiiv 
TejLCLKovla fLvejLcti^ag, ol f^ dhhoi tov S^nftov n^i>iv djafyihia ^vav' o q. 
KotT&v (MihSjiv QjK^iS^QVcu Tov Kou(Ta^ Tolg c^^VQfxn^ei(Ti, j^ fjLn T^i-Km- 
clg avT^^g fJLnS% dvaS^iXiSrou to dy'^ eig Tnv Trohiv. a fjLnv dhhd j^ Tolg 
Qiolg, 'i(pn, 5uoju^, on Tng t» ^^TnyS fJLaviotg )J '^^voiag Tnv (SiKlw 
elg T^g 9^nooTag » T^iwacnv, dhhd (peiS^Q^ t' irohiodg. cm TsVa Kdiara^ 
Sh^^ohnv y^^^ag dm^g-ethiv eig Tnv (TvfKhnToV odg q dviyvod^rn (ihaG-(pn' 
fjiiag Tfohhdg e^^acot ^^ KaTnyo^e^cLg t^ KctVw^C^, dva^dg cjKeiv(^, ^x 

VTT 

micis familiariburque permultos dies cum ali- immutare aliorum gratia, neque paribus uten- 

qiio rubore triftitiam ac moerorem : adeo e- tem pariterdenuoincurrere viri foret cordati,* 

um cafum tulit lente, ut unftus pila luderet Porro quum Cxfar nationibus bellicofis ar- 

in comitio, £c a prandio rurfus in forum mo- ma moviflet, cafquc magno cum periculo vi- 

re fuo fine calccis & abfque tunica defcen- ciflet, Germanos eciam pace adortus efle vi- 

dens dcambularet cum familiaribus. Culpat derctur, & ftraviflet trecenta millia^ alii fup- 

eum Cicero, quod quum refpub. talem con- plicationem a populo cenfebant decernen- 

fulem defideraret, non incubuerit fedulo, nec dam: Cato vero C^efarem violatis dedendutn 

comiter populum fubierit, fed Sc elanguc- dixit pro fententia, nc in fe verterent pia- 

rit in futurum obtorpueritque , quamvis culum, vel obftringerent religione civitatem. 

prseturam iterum petiilTet. At Cato prae- Vcruntamen Diis, inquit, honos habeatur: 

tura refpondit fe non plebis voluntate, fed quod infani.-E & flagitii ducis pcenam non in 

ea vi compulfa vel redempta fiiifle dejec- mihtes vertant fed parcant civitati noltrae. 

rum : in comitiis vero confularibus, quum Hinc Htteras Ciefar ad fenatum plenas convi- 

fraus nulla interceflifrct, pO|;ulum cognofle tiorum & probrorum in Catonem mifit : qui- 

fibi ofFenfum ob eofdem mores : quos neque bus recitatis furgens ille, non llomachofe ne- 

f que 



K A T n N. 26p 

tj^ eig iouuTov ifK?\Yifj(,ciTct T^oK^oeJicag k, (rmf/,fjLai(nv ofJLoicLy j^ -Kcahdv Tivci 
)i ^odfJLo7\ox^(^y tS KcMo-otf©^ cLTtiS^ei^ir d-^ct^^^ q t^ c/ri«i/« |SiiA^- 
^ctV&)i' otTr' af;)(;«^j Kj Trao-cti' otJry tIw J^idvoiciVy uhtwi^ ^k '^X^S''-» ^'^- 
Aot (n4y&)jW.o'T«? 59 Koivcavk cAiKcihv^^Ag, v^ i^i^d^cLg aig Q 'B^€t]civ(Svj aVg- 
KgA^S^ •nouS^ag-, dhK heivov ouutov, ei (r(ti(p^vQ(nv, cf)o^«T£oi/ W\v oujTolgy 

^Tm iTrh^i^^i >9 ITOL^cJ^tWeV, U)g T«? C|JiA»? T» K0M(T0t^(^ fJLiTCLVoaV, OTt 

tIw cBi^ohlw dvayvovlsg ov tw (SaAw xom^V fw KctVfflw Aoywi' hKoum -^ 

KOLTYiyoe/O^V dM^O^V TT^a^i^OV. iKV^Od^Y) fBp ^V iiJ^iV, CtAA' khix^r} fjLOVOV OTl 

KoLhc^g ix^i t^idJ^oxov Kcu(raeA i^o^lwou. ^ 3 (piAodv d^i-dvlm k^ Vlof/.^ 
Tfriiov cJ^ iVa Ta ottT^ol koltolU&^, k, '^^Qvca Tdg iTva^x^ctg, « fjLn^i Kal~ 
(ra^, vvv heiva /Bo^v KdTOdv d w^^MJ^ oujTolg y\khv, k^ ^id^^^iSrou- 
Tov dv^e,oi)7roVi dvaC^avS^ov y\Sy\ tw S^vuudfJLa x^^A^^^ ^ i%iV S^aira'^ Kj 
(pivaKit^odv tIw noXiV, t^oo i^ i^v hSIv kn^ouvi, t» S^^^fJM ^iKov\(^ da to9 
KcMo-a^- fJLiyi<^ov eivcu, tIw q cru/JcAqTOf dx^ 7rei^o(jSfj!w, k^ (po^^^^ijSfjlw 

TOV ^YlfJ.OV. 

'Cig 'AejLfJLivov KaTeiXYiTrJo, k^ Kou(ra^ KaTY)fyi7\7\iT0 fJ^ <^^Tidg ihoju- 
mv zJni tIw 7ro7M, cvlouu^a Sy) vrdvlig W iKeivov d^Pi^^oav, oi ts 7roK7\o\, n^ 
HofiTrmog, wV fiovov f£p S^ d^xj^g Tr^ouSrof^ov, tt^&tov q (pavi^odg 
TTPoeiTTovla TwV KcMiTflt^'^ yvodfilw. eiTriV ai/ KotTWi;, 'Aaa' eiyi oig iyc^ 
7r^ii7\iyov dei i^ <Tiwi^ii7\Sjov iTCei^Yt Tig vfj^, dvS^^ig, iiT dv ha i^po^ei- 

qiie contentiofe,verum quafi cogitato &prx- deretque provincias, aut nec cogi Caefarem : 

meditatoqu£efibi ob)e£lacflent,ea probrorum nunc illa vociferatus Cato efl qute pr^dixe- 

£c difteriorum fimilia diverfionemque quan- rat ipfis venire, £c vim illum adferre, non 

dam & cavillationem oftendit Ciefaris efle. obfcure jam vires ufurpantem quas impo- 

Inde exorfus, illius a fonte confilia mentem- nendo £c decipiendo civitatem comparafleCi 

que omnem, non ficut inimicus, fed conjura- Extra curiam autem quod populus quam am- 

tus 8c focius detegens, demonfl:ranfque non pliflimum Cxfarem efle perpetuo vellet, ni- 

Britannos neque Gallos ipfis, verum ipfum hil effecit. Senatus pra;bebat ei aures, fed ti- 

illum cfle, fi faperent, formidandum : ufque mebat populum. 

eo commovit concitavitque fenatum, ut pce- Uc vero Ariminum occupavit Ciefar, 5c 

niteret amicos Cxfaris quod Catoni lefta in cum exercitu ad urbem nunciatus efl; conten- 

fcnatu Csefaris epifl:ola jufl:x querelie & ve- dere: ibi omnes in illum 8c populus & Pom- 

rorum criminum dcdiflcnt occafionem. Ac peiiis intenderunt oculos ; quod unus a prin- 

nihil quidem tunc decretum eft: tantum jac- cipio praefenfiflet ScCaefaris confilia primusa- 

tatum, cx re efl"e ut fucceflTor Cjefari mitte- perte prxnuntiaflet. Ait igitur Cato,Si moni- 

retur. Poftulantibus Cxfaris amicis ut ab tis 8c confiliis meisaliquisveftrumPatresCon- 

cxcrcitibus sque difcederet Pompeius, red' fcripti paruiflet,nunc unumnontimcretis,nec 

ia 



ajo K A T A N. 

<0"g vijv, iiTi ai m Toig hKTri^cig eix^TS. Uof/.7rm 'j httovJ^, fJLa.v\imTi^ 

T&V in UoiLLTTnM Tcl TT^yfJLOLTOL TYjV <Tvf}iMTOV ifx^ei^TOU' T^S" y) OLV'^ ft- 

ncu Kj Tfoiav TO. (JLiyci7\aL mKoi ^ TTOLvetv. f^ ^v Uofxmiog ^Ti (^vvct/nnf 
iX^^ iToijbLluUy «rs aV mTiMyi TOTi Tr^^fiyV^? o^&)V, cJ^ihiwi Triv 'Vodf^yjv. 
{0 KoLTm %7ri(r^ouv^<TVfJL(pSjyeiV lyvmodgjTov f^ vsuTi^v ijoi/ «V B^gr- 
TiW vm^kkTo TT^g MayctTiov, tov q n^iMTi^v dx^ o-Jf kcwTd. r 3 oU 
mag yy i^ ^vyoLTi^m XY,hfJLov(^ hof^m, dvihOL^i ttclXiv tyiv Ma^nlcLV 
X^.^Sj^u-civ cJm ;^^w^cta-t 7ro7\?^olg' -^ 'O^rwVif^ B-VYKTKdiV hdvlw diri' 
T^iTTiV KXYi^ovofjLov. clg J^w fjLcthi^o. 7\oih^^\^'^ KcuG-a^ T^ Kar&w 
(piKoTTT^iiTioLV 7r^o(r(pi^ei k^ fxid^a^viav dlTn t4 ydfJLCd. T/ ^ iS^a cw^x^' 
^fiV hofA)ov ytwcuKog, « tI fJLvi hoi^ov av^ig dvaT^afX^dveiV -j « fJLri 
hMa^ Si d^x^g vpei^Y^ ro yvvauov 'O^TYicriai, )^ viav iX^Yxnv, 'iva TrAb- 
(riav ^Act^Mi vr^og (^ ^v TavTct asre/w? ix^ to ^veAJriS^aov heivoj 

' ' '■ U^cdTa f^ av ra p«V* ci' dj)jinTOi(ri '^ 

TyiV G-YiV VOfJLiljti ^€i7\iaV, 6J 'H^')tA«f. 

c^toiov yot^ ki •tJ 'H£^>tA« fjLa7\amav oveih(^etv, ;^ mTYiyo^etv cu^^oKi^S^ei- 

av KdTm<^. ei o otAA« 7r« ^» m7\£g Triw^Tt^ (^ tov ydfJLov, cBi(rzi7T^ 

Tiov. ifyvYi(Td^(^ ^ TYJv Ma^xlav 6 KdTm, >t, tov oIkov oBiT^i-^ag het- 

n}, Kj Tag 3-vyaTi^gi cLVTog IS^ioiM UofJL7:mv, 

'Att' 

in uno fpem reponcretis. Quiim diceret Poffl- rium maritum appelkt. Quid enim concede- 

peius melius Catonem divinafie, fe vero cgif- re eam opus erat, inquit, alteri, fi require- 

fe amicius: confuluit Cato ut uni Pompeio bat uxorem ? aut fi non requircbat, iterum 

fcnatus fummam rerum permitteret. Nam recipere, nifi efca ab initio hxc mulier fub- 

corundem efle & facere magna mala ^ com- mifla Hortenfio fuiflet, & juvenem commo- 

priraere. Pompeius, quod nec copias para- dafl^et ut divitem reciperet.'' Ad id refellen- 

tas haberet, nec quas confcripferat, videret dura fatis quadrat Euripideum illud, 

alacres, dcferuit urbem. Cato fequi 8c comi- r. ■ r j j .„,„,„ i\t„(„^ „„;-„ „n,* 

. r • 1 t • /.,. Prmum nefmda redariuam. JSetas emm ejf 

tari fumentem certum habens, mmorem fili- r , ■ • i ■ u v 

y ^ • T> r j aV ■ Labem tmoris exprobrarier Hercuh. 

um clam m Brutios miiit ad Munatuim, ma- 

jorem traxit fccum. Quia vero domus cjus Quippe perinde fit ac Herculi mollitiem ob- 

& filise curatorcm requirebant, accepit ite- jicere, exprobrare turpem quasftiim Catoni. 

rum Martiam viduam cum grandi dore : fi- Quod fi alias h^e improbanda: funt nuptia?, id 

quidem Hortenfius eam moriens reliquerat quidem seftimandum. Nam ut adjunxit ma- 

hazredem. Quod praecipue objeftans Caefar trimonio Martiam, domum commifit ei &fi- 

> Catoni, cxprobrat ei avaritiam, &: mercena- lias fuas, fequutufque eft Pompeium. 

Ex 



K A T n N. 271 

Toug (TviiJL<po^cug t' 7rctTeJi^(^ W %«/tt«> vimilodv ofjLoim k^ vimf^jm, ctxeA 

TihdJTYig SlOL(pvAci^CU. TOTi Q KM^Cd 7\CLX<^V ^UiKlOLV, (S^iiCn fJ^ Cii; 2u- 
^KkiCroLi' 7rv^0yS^(^ 'ActWtOV Uo?KA'mcL C^^ -^ noAilLLiCdV cL^p^x^'^ 

jwj ^vvoi{JLi(^(; dg Mitylwlw, iTrijUL^^i 7\oyov dncwt^ ttol^' ouuth t^ i^icl^cl- 
G-iid;. cLvloLTrcttTnS-Hg Aoyov vtt' cAteiva -^ t^ -K^yixdTm fjLETOL^oKrtgj ^ 
HofjLTrriiov ctK^i^rcLg c/nMAoiTTOToL noLvlih^g 'ItolaIolv c^ Auppa;^»'^ ?-^ro7rg- 
^^eiVy TToXuju icpY) (^ Toi B-eioL Trhoivov eivou ■ii^ cL(roL(p^cLV, ei IlofjLTrriioP, 
cv Qig vyilg ii<^iv ^S^ (^ikouov iTr^Tlsv, ciriTkTov •^oju^ov, viw oTe tIw ttol-' 
Tti^OL ^ii7\i) <7(^(hv, %i -1" 'iKSj^ittd'; v7rmxcix\)-> Tre^XiXomi ro djrv^ 
X^v. 'A(rivviov t^ bf i(pf) <^ujuoLTog eivcu Hiuhia? c/K^^oLKetv, cLAXn; 'j jLLei^ 

^0V(^ VTTi^X^^l^ng i^VLVCLfJLlOdg, a (^iiM^ tUjJ VmOV h TtoXifJLC^ X?rDA8flSS* 

%WfgTv Ti^g To k^tQv j^ o"ft)(^g^ ez^ivicrag '^v^K'd(rioig cJ^i7rK<^(rs9. 
cL(ptKOfj^(^ TT^g UofjLvrriioVy det p{j hx^to fj.ioig yvoifjLrig, ;:^^i/07-£/^«t> 
701» VFoKifjLoV gA7r/(^&)V S^iOLTxvdetgy k^ fjLri (i'<ihof^(^ CM» oiycdvi x^^^ 'fP'^' 

l^luj tLvU 7I07\IV OUJtIw VCP' 0UUTr\g 7fOL^flV TCX. "i^^lUCL (Tiiri^Od .hcLKtL^H' 

<roLV. cL7<hoL 3 T^V&if cihT^^pd TlofJL7cn'iov gTr^trs k^ t«V crujukS^^^g -^n^pi^rcL^l, 

fJL^Ti 7ro7\lV V7ir\K00V 'FcidfJLCUCdV iiCieTici^Vy fJLriTi CLvi^ 'PodfJLOLiOV g$<y 7roL^ 

^TOL^mg dvou^siv Kj H^clv mfKiy Kj 7r^(rr)ydyeTo ttoAAsV tm rTojW,7r«j« 
jJLieJ-S^i, tIw cJ^eiKeioLV cujtS k^ to HfjLi^v dcmcJi(TCL[B{jiig. 

Ex ea die dicitur neque capillura neque feruiflet felicitas. Atque Afinium quidem po- 

barbam totondifle, neque coronam fumpfilTe: tuifTe oftendit fe Sicilia expellere: ca;teruin 

kiftus, moeftitise, doloris ob calamitatem pa- quia majores copis; fubveniebant illi, noluilTe 

tria; unum habitum, five vinccrent, five vin- eam infulam bello implicare. Ita Syracufanos 

cerentur, retinuifle ufque ad extremum. Si- monuit adjungerent fe fortioribus & faluti 

ciliam tunc fortitus Syracufas trajecit. Qiium confulerent : mox abnavigavit. Poftquam ad 

nunciatum ei elTet miflum ab hoftibus Afini- Pompeium venit, in una perftitit fententia, 

um Pollioncm appulifle cum exercitu Mefla- bellum ducendum efle, pacem fperans, nolenf- 

nam, mifit ad eum qu^efitum quamobrem eo que certamine accifam civitatem ferroque de- 

traiecinet. Qiium ille ex altera parte requi- cernentem ab fe ipfam extrcma mala pati. A- 

{ivifl*et ab eo renim commutatarum rationem, lia his confimilia Pompeio & concilio autor 

nunciatoque Pompeium Italia femel rclifta fuit decernendi, ut ne quam urbem populo 

Dyrrachii caftra haberc, magnam ait eflTe de Romano pacatam diriperent , neque civem 

providentia Deorum perplexicatem 6c incer- Romanum extra aciem interficerent. Hac 

titudinem: quod Pompeium, ubi nihil fmi re gloriam comparavit magnam, mukofque 

vel re<5Vi egiflet, inviftum, nunc quum pa- partibus aflTociavit Pompeiij humanitate Scle- 

triiun cupiat fervare & libertatem tueri, de- nitate fua captos. 

Tu 



272 K A T A N. 

*Ex7rg;«Cp9«V elg 'A<rlciVy cdg roig qmh G-twcLyacrL ttKoicl ^ <^^ticiv 
d(pi7\ifjL(^ ^oiTOi X^^\,7\iav hTrnyciyiTo clh7^(pi^lw , ;^ to A<^j;t»AA« 
TTcciSiov cJ^ ineivn? ysyovog. woX'd^n(re y) cwtu ;)^«^<^'bc-a, k^ ttoT^v t^ 
«V To d.v.ol\aL<Tov cwTng S^ia^olMv dCp^X^v^y x:md^vcrcL tIw \:m YLcLTmi <P^ii- 
^v K, 7r7\cLvlw -^ (^icUTav kKna-iccg. otAA' o yg Kcua-ci^ a<^ t^ hTr cmhw 

^XcKT^pnfJLlC^V tQ KOLTOiV^ ItpeidOLTO. TT^g jU^J iiV TCLA7\CLy T» KoLTCt)V(^ 

iifiVy 6)V gowsi/, ihY]^Y)(TCLV ol YiovLmi,)i <7^Tnyoi' 'Vo^iag q TFei^a Tr^c-cL- 
ycLyopf(^'j Kj tIuj ^i^^i7\iav cwto^i j^ to %cu^iov }m)Ai7rodVi iTravnK^s 
z^g UojULTrmv, n^n TTii^mg ti T^afJLn^g ^ vcuiTimg ^'wuciyLim (^ ou)- 
Tov «V«?. iv^a K^ fjLcL7\L<^a -^ yvodfjLng KaTCL(pcd^(^ tS^o^e ysyovivou Tlofz- 
T^niog. a^finTB ^ '/:> Wx^ie/-<^<^ ^4 KctTCtiVL tIw t^ vsodv nyzfJLoviav' n<Tav 
Q 7viv\aK.o(Ti(idV i^ iix, iTvoLTliig cu fxcLXLf^oLy ■7\i^v^vL)ici Q Kj aaTa^rKoTTDia ii 
a,<p^.x]a, TrafjLirXn^n' Tax^ '^vonciag, n Max^^g ^W Tm <pi7\(idv, 6>V 
h iig-L y.i(pcLKouov KciTCdVL, 7roL(rng TTohLTeiag kxSj^i^atcrou tUv ^raTejLJ^a, Kav 
"^^) ^W^ TnT^LKouuTng S^uvoifjLmg-, ng oiv nfJLi^g y.aTayodvio-cov'^ Kc«Va- 
^, T" ouuTng SKeivng cL^^LCoTei >^ Uofi^rniov Ta 'o7r7\a KaTa^iSrou, j^ Toig vo~ 
(LLOLg eTTi^aii fjLSTiyvod Kcu^Ti^ «(/"w i^iei^.iy^^^ cwTtd, Kj By^Aov oLwi(^a- 
^iv vujuaex'^^- ^ f^^ ncrSsTo yi a^^ tQto -^ 7r^Qvf/.iag tQ KoLTOdv(^ 
dfjL^TwTi^g' ctAAa k^ AgyO ^r^V Tiva fxdx^'^ "^S '^^ ^^pp^X^^y ^'^^ 
Ti HofJLTiniii 7rct£^^ju5JJT(^ tIu) S^wuafJLiV, K^ Tuv dX7\odV ua<^ov nyifJLovoiiv 
^iTiiv Ti "^ TT^T^i^^aa^ou K€h^ov\(^, d§y£g Kj. cTLOdTrn t»V <F^Ti(^Tag 

dKiieiV' 

In Afiam miffus, ut cogentes illic navigia tas : liburnicarum, rpeculatoriarum, & aper- 

& milites adjuvaret, duxit fccum fororem tarum immenfus numerus. Mox autem repu- 

Serviliam, atque natum ex ea LucuUi filium. tans aut edoftus ab amicis, hoc caput efie in 

Quippe adhxfit ei vidua, qu£e impudicitix omnibus a6tionibus fuis Catoni, ut unJequa- 

crimina multum elevavit quod Catonis fe cu- que liberaret rempub. unius dominatu; qui fi 

ftodi£e,peregrinationibus &contubernio ultro virium tantarum fa£tus potens efiet, quo die 

fubjeciflet. Atqui Cjefar ne illius quidem no- fuperaflcnt C:efarem, eodem coafturum eura 

mine abftinuit Catoni obtrcftare. Cxteris ni- arma Pompeiumponere aclegibusparere, mu- 

hil fane duces Pompeii Catonem adhibuere, tavit fententiam, tametfi ea de re jam fuifiec 

Rhodios vero bei-ievolcntia adjunxit : apud cum eo colloquutus, impofuitque claffi Bibu- 

quos Servilia cum filio rclifta, ad Pompeium lum. Nihiloobid tamen promptitudinemfen- 

reverfus eft, quum eflet jam ille egregiis pe- fit Catoi:is languidiorem. Immo veroquumad 

deftnbus 6c navalibus viribus fuccinftus. Hic confliAum quendam apudDyrrhachium, &ip- 

maxime denudafl"e mentem fuam videturPom- fc exercitum Pompeiusadhortaretur, &duccm 

peius: fiquidem ftatuit clafli prasficere Cato- quemquealiumincitareorationealiquaimpera- 

nem. Erant naves bellicte hayd infra quingen- retmiliteSjfegnitereosSccum filencio fama eft 

audivilFe 



.. K A T Sl N, 273 

UKkiar KctVav©-' o f^ Trcivlagj o(rci '/.ou^g elx^, 'PiS >W (piXo(ro(plcig 
d-fi^eiv- ^K^yofjSpm (^ iKSjkeJiciLg v^ d^irng y^ B-clvcit^ k^ cTo^ji? i'ii7\.^o]/- 
t(^ cwTo-ncf.hdq-, v^ tikSj^tcjl t^v\iclv\(^ tov Aoyov eig QiiSv civct)iAr,(riv, 
dJ,- 7ra^vl(i>v ii) l(po^(^v}ci)V tov vtts^ t' 7rctTeJ.o(^ dymoL, TnKiK.ST0V cLKcl- 
?\cLyuov -jlpiid^ Jt, TocTiiTov Kmfict T' <F^Tid.g sTra^kidng, (J^n TrdvJag sA- 
TviS^m fj.i'^'dg c%' Tov KiVi^ujuov o^fJLYi^Tcu Td<?'nyifJ..ovag. T^i-^/ai^JCiiV X.Cii 
K^ciTwdvlodv d(pdxiTO Thd) vravliM ViKlw Kcua-a^^ J^cw/^W!/, tm th 
UoiitTrni^ X§^<To(.f^(^ dLiha^eict k^ dm^ia fZtfet to SjTvx^^ct- TcujTa in^j 
Ji/ h Tolg (zobi no,aW« ysV^-TT^- X^^^^^ 7roii^&)y /^ jLLiya^.ujuovlcdV 
TO i^yov, KdTCi)V d7ri<^d}c^vs. tIw 7raTeJ.<^aj y^ Tnv oAiiJejt-ov aou acvio- 
ScufJLova (piha^x^a.v coS^v^iTo, TroAAaV >ta). dya^^g o^£v ^roAiTag vtt" otA- 
AnAc^v T^iTflcdKOTag- 

'Ett^ 3 Kcutra^ (^iOdKCi^v TloibL7rniog elg (E)io^aXiav dvi^Sjyvvi^ ttoAAc^ 
v.aTa7\i7T(^v (ij^ Avjspdx^ov oTrAa kcu x§^I^<^t(^ ^ct'' (yc^/aaTa (rvf^n kcu 
oheia, Trdvldiv d^riS^et^iv nyifJLOva kou (pvAaKa tov KdTCdva, ^nvlsKaihKcL 
07Tei^.g ix^^^ ^■^TidiTCdV, (S^i d^ti^iav dfJLa kou (po^ov tQ dvS^^j^' ^t1(^~ 
fj^j(t) f^ ^ Trdvlcdv eivou ^i^cuoTaTov cJi!Ofx.i^iv' ei 3 ViKcfn, fxn c^r^s\[/«y 
Tra^vla x^^^rao-S-cu Tolg 7r^yfJ.a(riV, cdg Tr^^fifjT). TroAAoi 3 kcu t&v Sm- 
(pavcdv dvSe,SiV d7rij)j)i<pn(rav cjd Avjspaxi^^ iwj KdTOdv^. ^ofJ^ng ij t" yj^ 
(itd§<raXov «t%?, iiTCi)g hn Tolg Koyi(Tfxoig 6 KaVwf, &)V ei f^ TiB-vnKoi 

JlofjL^ 

audivifTe cseteros : at ubi omnium noviflimus funeftam & infelicem , quod multos Sc e- 

Cato, quse tempus fuggerebat ex philofophia gregios cives confpicerec mutua csde coa- 

afferre, de libertate, virtute, morte, gloria, feftos. 

magno animi fui mntu differuit, atque ex- Quum jam Pompeius ad perfequendum 

tremam orationem ad Deorum imploratio- Cjefarem in Theflaliam caftra moveret, mag- 

nem quafi prsfentium, & illud pro patria nam autem vim relinqueret apud Dyrrha- 

infpeftantium certamen, convertit, tantum chium armorum, hominumque propinquo- 

fublarum clamorem fuiffe, tanturaque exci- rum Sc necefTariorum : ducem Sc cuftodein 

tati motum exercitus, ut duccs concitaren- omnibus Catonem prxpofuit, attribuitque ei 

tur fpei pleni omnes ad difcrimen. Csete- quindecim cohortes, quod nec fatis fideret 

rum vincentibus & pellentibus hoftes ex- ei & timeret. Nam vi£l:o, omnium forc 

torfit confummatam vi£boriam fortuna C^e- exiftimabat fibi firmifHmum : fin vinceret, 

faris, nimia Pompeii ufa cautione & fuccef- non permifFurum, ut diximus, prsfentem 

fus difRdentia. C^tcrum hxc funt in hifto- rebus ad nutum fuum uti. Complures prae- 

ria Pompeii explicata. O' antibus omnibus terea cum Catone illuftrcs viri ablegaci Dyr- 

atque rem geftam extoUentibus, Cato pa- rhachium funt. Devi6to ad Pharfakim Pom- 

triam deflebat, ambitionemque lamentabatur peio ita conftituerat Cato, fi cecidifl*et Pom- 

y o L. IV. M m pei- 



274 K A T n N. 

TIoiu.TrniO';, «V 'iTaTKiav raV ctte) ctui^ nei^ciiooG-mi cwto<; q Tr^u-ddTCLTCd '^ 
Tv^m^^ Sth, (pvyn ^i,moi^(^' « q (K^^Covto-» TToivlciig c/k«j/&) <^iot(pvhoL^ 
^m tLu) hwoifjjv. «T6) cTti S^icL^cJLT^m etg Ksfw^f, oVa ro voAJTaov Iwy 
cJ^i9ctTo fA{j Krn^&in t' cl^X^?, wV vTTciT^m g-^Tyiyiaog' a h^afAija q. 
K{xg^&)t'(^, aAA ciTrcl^vl©^ dg 'IraA/otr, ti^wV toi/ Uo^Trmv vtt dJuS-a- 
^fActg v^ (p^vy]fj,otTog ctKcd^a (i^XoiMpov KoActl^eiV tbV ^i^TrhiovJctc, Tf^cdTov 
^ixXovlct tJ KiKi^cdVi Tf^crCpi^ap tol? X^&^-^f ovn^iTyKrev l^ia. >c, KcLTi^ 
w^vviV mTi Tov KiKi^odvct (^(rodTcu cracpag iv. S-avdTH, j^ Tolg aAMig 
dhtav (^^<^eiV. 

TiKfjLcu^l^^ Q TloiLtTrniov Mctyvov ei.g AlyvTrlov n Ai^vhju hiKTTidii^ 
Sycu, Kou oo!Td)<^ot)v w^g z/iiiivov, ctvnx^i) (AiJ ^x^^ aunavlag, iirXei % tt^^^ 
Tov cLTreivcti AJ^^g Kj \}m?^ei7Ti^ tQ? a inp^^vyLOng dv^^T&Joi^^dg. ct\[/a^ 
\}^p(^ i) Ai^vm Kj a;^7r?\i0dv c^vlxd^ei 'Ei^TCti t^ viCATi^od i^i^ HofjLTrm^. 
Ticdi^odv, dfyiKKovli tIw kn Alyv7fl'ii tQ TfaT^g TiKSjTUJU. Troivlig ju^j Jf 
^a^iodg nnhav, ^S^eig q (j^ UojbLTnnov «l/y KaTOdvf^ 7rapjv](^ aJ^g aK^m 
cIaAov YiyifJLova. ^io y^ KciTCtiV ou.S'^i^©^ j^ olKlei^odv dv^^.g dya^-dg j^ 
"ni^^mg hScs^KOTag Ttei^v STvi '^mg l^niang jc, >c7D^a? }>^Xi7relv, V7ri^n t& 
tIju de^x^iW, v^ Tra^nA^iv eig Kv^lwluu. iSk^avlo yb c/Keivov, oxiyoug n/ui^cug 
i/uL7r^£r€V "^KXeicravlig Aa^ilwov. bnTcw^a iimj^avo\&^<^ XKiTriodva tqh 
TlofA^rniii Tiiv^i^v "uzot 'Io'^ot Ta ^adiT^mg dvetMcp^cu, j^ Ova^v "A^noVj og 
hv \W Tlofj.7im Ai^vY\g "^hhiypp^^ nyi[j.odV3 eivcu crttej ouuToig junTct 

S^wudfjLiOdg, 

Pompeius, eos quos fecum habcbat in Italiam cit: poteftatetamenante abeundi Scremanendi 

tranfportare, atque ipfe quam remotiffime a feftaillis qui nonprompti erant adfequendum. 

dominatu tranfigere vicam in exilio: quod fl Ut Africam attigit, in legendo littoreSextum 

incolumis foret, omnino eas copias illi coa- convenit minorem Pompeii filium, ex quo 

fervare. Ita in Corcyram, ubi clailis erat, Pompeii Magni fatum intellexit.Eam remtu- 

trajecit, 8c Ciceroni imperio, ut confulari lerunt omnes graviter, nec cujufqnam aPom- 

prstorius ccffit. Rejiciente id Cicerone 6c peio voluerunt prtefente Catone alterius ducis 

iibnavigare in Italiam parante, videns Pom- audire mentionem.QuapropterCatopudore8c 

peium minorem ex intempeftiva pervicaciaSc miferatione bonorum virorum qui fidem fuam 

ferocia gravius qonfulere in difcedentes, ac probaverant, interra peregrina defolatosrelin- 

]primo manus afferre moliri Ciccroni, caftiga- querc & inopes nonfuftinens,fufcepit imperi»- 

vit feorfum eum placavitque. Atque ita Ci- um,atqueCyrenasappulit, ubi a civibuseftad'- 

geronem haud obfcure a morte eripuit, ac fe- miffijs, quumpaucis ante diebus portasclaufii^ 

curivatem prxbuit aliis. fentLabicno. Ibi Scipionem Pompcii focerum 

Pompcium MagnuminiEgyptum velAfri- ab rege Juba inteUigit receptum, fic Appiura 

cam conjicicns clapfurum, properanfque ad il- Varum, cui data a Pompeio provincia AFri- 

luoi, confccndit cum omnibus^ atque vela fe- ca fuerat, illis fe cum exercitu conjunxifle. 

Ita 



K A T A N. 275 

uirovlag (TtwcLyctyc^h ttoT^^^yiv q Ae<c«i' shcwmv, ht, q cL^^clto. rcm t^V 
KciMifJ^pii^ -^vKT^^g i7rciyo(^(^i ^« Ta rs i\]y^ctTcL i^ B-ne^ci^y mnca 
rolg <^ou.ci(ny ihaovJig lov, cwrci n tcl S-ne^ct mnTrclioviig dfx^7\v- 

«V«(raTo, M>iTg m-noi ^vfrs •usjzxJ^yjV x^^^l^^- s^^iVi/^ 3 «^ciQwfA?/;©- 
ot(:5' ^«^ w aspce^ tjii/ k^ ^d.^(rcL7\ov iyvod nT^civ' >^ TaTo TZeJ Aof7r« 7r£5a-gS>i;ie 
7r2f9f<> To |a>i KctTay.T^i^nvcu TrXnv na^Sjim. h o Ai^t;« S'ia.yciy(^v th 
yeiiLLCdvQ'' cJ^nyayi Tnv g-^Tioiv' naav q fj.vtL(xiV oKiyov '^Hov%g. 

Tct TT^ypLaTa xamg dx^ To^ig (ukl XKinlodva k. Ova^Vy qm S^i.a- 
(po^.g yy 5-ctVgw? \:zuz(^vof^oig j^ S-i^Tr^a^n tov 'U^av, ^k cLveKJov oila 
(^a^vrnTi (p^vnf^aT(^ >9 ofKc^ iict ttTk^tov k^ (^vvajLLiV og yi KoirCiiVL 

TT^StoV C^vfxCLVeiV fJL^7\0dV, ILLi(TOV 'iS-nKS TOV iOJUT^ S-^VOV tQ ^KlTTm^ 
TL tS KctT&)V(^. ju9/.T0t KcLTOiV 6)V (iAv, d^g TOV iO/JT^ B-^VOV jUiTi^-^- 

Kiv x^ B-aTs^, /Ugcrov ?\afx^dvct)V tov ^Kinma-, Koim^ '^X^S^ ovla, Koi 
Ti ii (hL^^hiov hAihS^diKOTa ^7\a(T(pnfJ.iag ix^v tS KctT&)i/©-. etTa tQto fj8p 
eig ^hva Ti^iv^ 7\oyov' ei 3 <I»iAoV^Toi/ h ILiKihiCL fjiidov dx^v (SffO.na'^ 
df^ Tifxn (pi,7\o(To(piag-, ifKa7\^cri. tot€ (^' ^v kcu tov 'lo^av i7rouj(T€V, fxovov- 
ayj (TaT^Trag TfiTfoinfjSpov kcwT^ t»V (^ tov HKmiodva, KctKeivag (^inA- 
7\a'^iV. d^tii'v}(t)V 3 TrdvloiiV d^x^^ cwtov, kcu Tr^mov 7^ fzaet ^KtTfiodVcL 
Kou Ova^v Sii^ai^odv kou i^S^tS^o-vlm Tnv nyefxoviav, bK i(pn KaTa7\v- 

(TCiV 

Ita itinere pedeftri brumalihoraeft profeftus. opes 8c vires intolerabile erat fuperciliuin 

Ma^nam vim afinorum ad aquam portandam & faftus 5 utpote qui quum congreffiirus pri- 

coegerat, magnam etiam prtEdam egerat. mo eftet cum Catone, fellam fuam mediam 

Cunus infuper 6c Pfyllos appellatos trahe- pofuerit inter Scipionem & Catonem. Quod 

bat fecum, qui ferpentium iftibus medentur ut vidit Cato, tranfpofuit ad alterum latus 

venenum ore exfugentes, ipfafque incantatio- fellam fuam, mediumque Scipionem quam- 

nibus hebetant & fopiunt ferpentes. Dies vis inimicum, qui ediderat etiam in ipfiim 

feptcm continuos itinerc fafto figna antecef- probris refertum fcriptum, accepit. Et hoc 

fit, neque equo vel jumento eft ufus. Cxna- nihili faciunt : quod vero Philoftratum iii 

bat fedens ex eo die quo cladem Pharfalicam Sicilia philofophix honoris caufa acceperic 

intcllexiflet, idque ad caeterum luftum addi- in deambulando medium, id exagitant. la 

dit, neque recumbebat nifi fomni caufa. Ex- pr^fentia igitur recudit Jubam, qui Scipio- 

a£la in Africa hyeme eduxit milites, qui non nem Sc Varum tantuni non pro fatrapis fuis 

multo rainus decem millia erant. habuerat, illofque reduxit in gratiam. Pe- 

Res crant Scipionis &; Vari malo in loco tentibus omnibus ut impcrium fufciperet, 

ob diftcnfionem & diftraftionem affentan- Scipioneque 6c Varo cedcntibiis ei ac po- 

tium atque obfervantium Jubam; cujus ob teftatem tradentibus, negavit conviilfurum 

M m a fe 



276 K A T n N. 

(T^v T^V voiJMi;) <^ m TzJ* mTa7\vovli TtoKtfx^^nv-, a J^g icwrov civJi<T^Ty\^ 
yov ovJd 7tdL^v](^ cLV^vTfctTa n^cTTcL^av. dv^v7rcLT(^ y:> o llKmm oLTn- 
^i^etKJoy K^ 3-ct§(r^ eixov oi ttoAKo] ^id TbVoiuLOL mTo^^cdcretv, ciex'^^^ ^ 

''Eirei i^vtoi Tlfju d^x^ ^ ^aiTrim as^b^Xa^c^v dj^vg i^HMTo 'lo^ct 
p^(3ie/(^0|W%©^ 'ixt^jtcMa? «'^«J^oi/ ^hniKieiVou, iy KGLTOLcrKd^^DU Tnv vroKiVy 6i? 

Td KoUG-Ct^(^ (PpjV^dCLVi iiX V7rijU.eiViV KdTCtiV, CtAAct IULa§TV^pS{j(^ )L 
KiK^yC£ig h TtS CrtWi(^eJ'(i>) ^ S-iOX.TW'^, fXOKig C^BAsTO T' dfJLOTYiT^ cw- 

'^ TaV dv^^&d7r'dg' j^ Td [jS^ ouui{^ hn^ivJoiVy Ta q tS 2y.i7r/&)t'©^ d^i~ 
Qv}<^, dviH^cLTo (p^a^YKrav Tnv 7ro?.iv, c^g (uLYiTe hQ(rci, fjLnTi dKnar^^ Kal- 
(razjL ^r^a-^^^oiTo. >i^ y) nv eig dyravla to x^^^^ d(p'iN.yLov ^ ^iae^ig Toig 
sX<^(nv' iTi 3 fJid7\7\ov \::m tQ KctT6)V©-' gppwci^n. J^ ^ (tItov (i(rnya'^ 
v7ri^^d?\7\ovJa 7r7\n^ei, ytj KaTi(rKdja(ri Ta Tcixn 7tv^y>^g STi-ca^fjS^u^^, >l 
TaCp^ng oXyi^'^ "^ ;^a£^;t&)'yaaTct 7i;^ -^ ^roAsc^g ^ctAAojwS^©-'. 'Itvkouohv 
5 Tdg fjSp n^odvlag o^ Tolg ;^ot^^(i)//.aa-i:' iTa^ev oheiv, Ta ottXol -5^<^o'i/- 
Tag cwtS, T^g q dhhag cv Tn ^toXh (riweixih *^^?^^ cMifXiKoiBp(^ lan 
di^tKeiSii, fJin^\ 7idyeiV KaKc^g -cm i^^ '?6i)fj,cuoiV. oTrXa j 7roA7\d y^ x^^- 
fj.aTa J^ (fiTov cJ^i^Tifj^^s Toig S7n ^•^TOTrgcJ'», j^ oXm «;^g tQ, 7io7\kfx^ 
Tnv 7to7\\,v Tafjiiiov. d q TlofjLnnict) (rujui^iiAdji 7r^T€^v, i^ tqts ^KmicdVk, 
fjLn fJidx^^i TT^V dv^^ 7to7\ifj.i<^nv v^ (^eivov, ctAAct i^ X^^^ x?^^^ 
Trdcrav dKfinv nv Tv^vv]g It^vei fj,a^auvov\t: TiiTm q 'EKijricdV \}m ouu.^aS^ei^ 

ag 

fe leges, qiiarum caufa oppugnarent eonvel- ri. Erat enim locus ille ad omnia opportunus 

lentem, neque fe propra;torem proconfule & affluens obtinentibus, qui multomagis elt a 

prsfente impcraturum. Nam creatus Scipio Catonefirmatus. Siquidemeoingentem nume- 

proconful l'uerat, ac fpem viftorix vulgiis ex rum frumenti invexit, muros fulcivit, turres 

nomine trahebat imperantis in Africa Scipio- in altum excitavit, foffis altis & vallis urbem. 

iiis. fepfit. Uticenfes puberes armis fibi traditisin- 

Ut tamen aflumpto imperio Scipio Uti- tra vallum imperavit commorari, reliquos in 

cenfes llatuit in gratiam Jub£e omnes fine dif- urbe continuit magna adhibita cura, ne qua 

crimine statis interficere, urbemque quafi iis a Romanis injuria vel malum offerretur. 

cum Gsefai-e fentientem exlcindere, non tulit Magnam vini armorum, pecunix, frumenti in 

id Cato, verum priEfentes teftatus, vocifera- caftramifit,atqueitaprorfusfecitbelli illam ur- 

tufque in concilio & Deorum fidem implo- bem promptuarium. Qiiod autera ante Pom- 

rans, asgre exemit illos miferos horum crude- peio, idem tunc confulebat Scipioni, ne cum 

litati, ac partim eis orantibus, partim conten- homine bellatore Sc acri figna conferret, fed 

dente Scipione cuftodiam urbis recepit, utne- traheret tempus,quo omnis illevigor,quo va- 

que yolcns neque invita conjungeretur Ca;fa- let tyrannis, cmarcefcat. Htec Scipio ex per- 

vicacia 



K A T n, N. 277 

ct? mTi(p^m' Kcu 7roT€ t4 '^ctTm ^nhm omJ^il^m ty^-^^Vi « fjLn jlco- 
vov cwTog dycLirci Kct^nf^^^ cv 7roA« »9 r«;^€a-iv, dhAci fj,riJ^s W^^g iu. 
•Koag Tov Kou^v djS-ci^(rodg x?^^ '^"''^ KoyKrfjLolg. n^g tcwtcl YicLTm 
cLvliy^-^iV, c^g iToi/uLog gfif aV YiyoL'^ cwTog eig AiCvbuu oTfhiTciLg y.cd 
hTTiig c^KcL^m ag 'lTa7\ioLV wi^iiv, k^ Kcuq-clo^ fZi^^g-oLVou j^ T^iTretv 
ctTr' QMeivm TT^g clvtov. dg "^ thtciov 6 'EuTrim ytcLTiyihoL, TTctvv c^wAf^ . 

h >9 CLX^O!jSf(^ KcLT6i)V Tn ci^X^?^^^ "^ ^^X^^^ ^^ ^^^ "^ TtOhifJLOd 

v.cx.h&g Tov ^KiTriodiicL p^^«(7omV°^' ^'"^^» "^" <^^^oV^^ djTVxyi(Tn, fjLiTei09 
ov T^ Ko^jeiv TT^g raV nohiTcLg i(rop{Jov. ^io ^ yvi^fjLlw eix^v 6 KctTOdV, 
Kou TT^g TbV (Ttwri^eig eAs'^, » x^^^^'^ A* '^^Tri^^ctg ix^v VTflo tQ Trohi- 
fjL>i ^i cLTTeteJioLV Kcu 3-^(TVTY\T0L ^^ YiyifjLovodV ei S"^ ^v i^Tvxiot tW 'j^Ol- 
TOi Kcu KCLTOLhvB-eiY) KcMCTctf, « jU^etv CAi 'Foofiy}, (pSj^iiS^ Q T«i/ ;:^otAg7ro- 

T«TCt KOU THKeJiOLV tQ lLKl7rioi)V(^, n^^Y) TOTi. hiVOig KOU V7ri^Yj(pOLViig TroiHfJLi' 

va kJ ttoAAwv ct/r«Act$. ctTrs'?»] q fXcL7J\ov « 'K^diS^oKoC kou ^afef gozrg^v 
jS-ctOeictv «Jisv Ttg ^)W ^^^TOTTiiS^ii TtATou^^, ctfysAA&iv oTt fJLOLxng fLsyoLMg 

TT^g ©Ct^^W «^OjuS/J»??, cTtS^jOot^'^ 7rOLv]oL7rOL(n TOL Tl^^yfJLCLTCL-, KOU K^TH 

Kcu(ra^ t^" f^T07rgJ^&)y* '^Kmict^v q ^tca 'lo^a? critt; ohiyoig i/K7ti<pSSya- 
(Tiv, « Q ctAAn S'ujuafjLi.g ^>WA&)Agi/. 

T«T&)V Tr^^O^TrgO-Ovlfie)!/, « juS/] TToAj^ oioV f<XoV CM/ VVKTl KOU TtohifJLOdy TT^og 

toiQtov dtyihfJLa fjnK^Q Seiv iK(p^odV 'j^joi^n-, fJLohig koujTnv avlog T«;^&it/ 
naTeixiv' j) KoLTOdv 7r^(riKS-oov, TOTi ju9/) dg hoL^otg oLTrnvJa SiaSi-a^Tk 

KCU 

vicacia floccifecit, ac Catoni femel ignaviatn profperequidcecidiflet & oppreflus effet Cx- 

objiciens fcripfit, Satifne eflet ei quod in ur- far, non remanfurum fe RomiE, fed fasviti- 

be & intra moenia defideret,nifi etiam prohi- am & acerbitatem fugiturum Scipionis, qui 

beret aliis confilio pro tempore uti auda£ler? jam tum graviter & fuperbe m.ultis minitare- 

Ad ea refcripfit Cato, paratum fe cum co pe- tur. Id vero citius quam exfpeftabat eve- 

ditatu & equitatu quos in Africam advexerat nit: ac circa primas tenebras accurrit quidam 

trajicere in Italiam, Casfaremque retrahere & qui tertio die venerat cx caftris, annuncians 

vcrtere ab ipfis in fe. Qu£e ubi irrifit Sci- ingenti proelio ad Thapfum contra61:o omnia 

pio, prce fe tulit aperte poenirere fe quod im- perdita efl^e ; Cxfarcm caftris potitum ; Sci- 

perium permififlet ei, ratus nec bellum refte pionem & Jubam cum paucis eff^ugiflej ora- 

Scipionem adminifl:raturum, nec (fi prster nera cjefnm reliquum exercitum. 

fpcm fucceflum habuiflet,) ufurum v:£loria Hoc cafii cives, ut verifimile eft no£te 

in cives moderate. Itaque hxc fententia fu- 6c in bello, ad eum nuncium pene amen- 

it Catonis, atque apud familiares pritdicavit, tes fafti, vix contmuerunt fefe intra moe- 

ob ducum imperitiam & ferociam nullam nia. At Cato progrcflus, ut cuique occur- 

habere fe de bello bonam fpem : quod ii rit, difcurrentes £c clamantcs retinens' con- 

T fo- 



278 K A T A N. 

B-aiLLCig K^ TaiP^y^Sihq-, uig a rYiXi^i^Tm hcag y^yovorm-, dXKai S^B /<t«(Jov 
iii^l^m tJ Aoyct)' k^ mnsyi^i rov B-oev^ov- cLfxct cT' ifjL^cL raV TeLctKo- 
(rii^g, olg ix^'^'^^ ^iih^/FodfxcuHg fj8p ovJctg, cv q At^uM 'Kp^yfx.aj^o[^'6g 
l^m \fjjiott.cLg v^ S^avmf^^i^-, eig k^v Aiog cM^^vTliv ctiljuizvcu, k^ o(roi ttcl^- 
v\(rcLV }^ (rvf}i?\YiTii, k^ TrcuS^ag cw^S. grt 'j (Tv7\7\iyoiBp'm cMeivm, tt^ct- 
gA3-6){/ cL^o^v^&ig K^ fj^ dJ<g-ciMag, Od^rn^ uS^ivog kccivS y?yovoT(^, ^i^Kiov 
iX^^ <^^ '^'^^ X^'^'^^ cLViyivmuv. Iw q dvcLy^(pn t^ Tt^og tov TfoAifiov 
o^ycLvm, oTfhm, (riT^, To^m, oTrAfffo'. sTrel 3 (rtLDnT^^ov-, de^^cLfnp^ "^m 
*P^ Te/Mo^rim, 7ij J^isAStoi/ TTohtw 'incuvov t" Tr^^vfxictg cw'^' jc^ -^ 7ri<7iaig, 
Ux) kTTiS^ii^avlo }ij x§^f^ot(ri k^ (TtdfLa^ri j^ ^ahoug cd (pihifjLOdTaToi '^OjU^ot, 
xa§ezd?\ei fjLri <^ia7\v^nvcu Tcug 2A7fi(nv 'Uag-ov cujt'^, (pvylw IS^iav n ^>cW- 
t^^a-iv Tivd TroeA^JfApov. dv y:> o) tduutw (rvfjLf^cddiv, k^ TroXiijLiivJm nr- 
Tov KaraCp^vweiV Kcu(ra^, K^ (pei(r€(^ fjLd?\7\ov hofBpm. (iis7\dji^ J^* 

CyKi7\S\JSV OUUT^g VTTS^ CW^P^, ^iS^iTi^ fJLifJL-^dfJJp^y dK7\ ei l^ T^iTTOlV- 

To Tn yvwfLn Tr^og tIw TvyjxV'» rm dvdfing ^n^rofBp©-' tIlv fxira^o- 
tJjuu' WafB{jm 7re,og rd S^eivd, kol hx<^l^m tov vni^ rng gA<l»d£- 
tlag KivS^tiuov, ^k l7rcuvi(ro(^(^ fiovov, d7\?\d Kcd B-cwfj,a(Toi^(^ tIuj 
d^irhdjy K^ 7ra^i'^m Icwtov dex°^<^ ^ (TUJjaymi^oppov' dxw ^ t«i/ 
iydThuu tv^^^^Iw rng Trctrgii^v^ S%i7\iy^(^(nv, luu ^^i 'ItvkIw, .iiS% 'A<^^^- 
■fxyjTov "iaav, d7<hd 'VddfxLuu, TToAAct-^i? cAt ;:^ctAg7r&JT2^&n/ (T^paXfxdTm vm 

fxeyi- 

folanfque, abftergebat timentibus trepidatio- eos efl: nc diverfam fpem intcnderent, alius 

'nefn Sc exanimationem, cladem dicens forfi- aliam fugatn & errorem qucerentes. Nam 

tatn non effe tantam, fed extolli fermone in fi una cohs;rerent, Sc bellantcs minus Ca:- 

taajus. Ita turbam compofuit. Simul atque larem defpefburum, & magis parfurum fup- 

dilusit, convocavit per prseconem in tem- plicibus. Monuit autem eos ut de rebus 

plum Jovis trecentos, (hi cives Romani erant ^uis deHberarentj de neuri-o fe confilio in- 

qui in Africa negotiabantur, 6c foenus exer- cufaturum ipfos : verum fi animo ad fortu- 

cebant) fimulque omnes fenatores & eorum nam inclinarent, adfcripturum mucationem 

filios. Dum illi coguntur, accedens compo- eorum neceflitati. Quod Ci refifcerent ma- 

fito 6c tranquillo vultu, qnafi nihil accidiflet lis, & difcrimen pro libercate fubirent, non 

novi, libellum quem tenebat manibus lege- commendatunam modo, fed etiam vircu- 

bat. Breviarium ei*at infl:rumenti bellici, ar- tem eorum admiratumm, prsebiturumque 

morum, frumenti, telorum, militum. Ubi ipfis ducem fe &c commilitonem, quoad 

convenerunt, exorfus a trecentis, iaudata exi- noviflimam patriie fortunam exploraflent; 

mie eorum alacritate & fide quam demonfi-ra- non Uticam eam neque Adrumecum , fed 

veranr, qnod pecunia, corporibus, ronfiHis Romam efle; qua: fa;pe ob m.ignicudinem 

rempublicam enixifilme juviflenc, exhortatus fuam erexiflec fe cx gravioribus lapfibus. 

Ip- 



K A T n N. - 279 

uiyi^.ni. civci(pi^^^' 7ro?0\odp q avTolg dg (r(^rY\pJ.civ v^ da-(pcL?^eictv -^Kei- 
iA^Ci)h ^ i«.gyiVa, TT^og cu^^ 7roAs/.(.«i/ STa 'KoKh.d Toig zca^oig ctvk?\Ko~ 
fApov, 'l^YieicLg Ts TT^og Tlo^Tvmv £4(p2f6)trn? Tov novy avTng rs -^ 'Vc^/Ltng 
^TTca ^^ cL't)^ew,v -KdvlcLTrc^cn, hhyiB{m tov ;)^ctAtJ/oi^, ctAA ctvotJiOTraQJ- 
(TY\gy ^ (TWUi^oLVi^cttJ^Yig TT^og %a.<Jcf.v fMircL^oKw' ^h tov kIvS^ujuov eivca 
(pdjiiiiov, ctAAa sx^iv Mct(rm?KOV tqv TroAs^foy, dcpH^dvlcL t' -^vx^^g <^ 
Toug fJLiyi^-cug 'dS^iyJmg, ^x ^'^Trsp lcwTol,g, eig tov d)Tvxi^cLTov (iiov kcit- 
Q^^HCTiV, « Trloiao-ii/ elg tov ^ljKhikcLTov 3-clvcltov, Tnv cii'n?\.oTnTcL tQ tto^ 
AeV^ TgA(^JT(£i/. a jtA,i}V ctAA' cAieivag yti^Hv i(pn /2»aA<l»gc5$ ;taQ' koujTiig, (tvv- 

$JXOl^^g CLVTl T' TT^O^iV CL^iTng K^ TT^^UfJiicLg CLVToig TCt i^O^CLvloL (TVUUi- 

ufKeiv* 

ToiavTd tS KcLTCtiv(^ anovl^^, yxtcjlv [Bp ol )^ Tolg ?\oyoig clyoiBpok 
TT^og To 3-cipj)eiV, ol 7r?\ei90i ir^og to dhiig )^ ^vciiov clvtS k^ (pi?\dv^^oi' 
wov oKiyii i^elv QM?\ci^6ppoi TOdV Troii^oiilcaVj cdg fjLovov ovJcl tStov dnTlnToj^i 
iyifjLovcL, ^ ■Kdcrng k^htIovcl tvx^^ Ihovlo x^"^^ ^9. ^(^f^cLcr^ avTc^v kcu 
Xe,ny-OL(TiV Kcd on?\.oig, onodg avTog tyvciiKi' K^eiTlov y) cAteiVCf-vrei^oijSfiig 
"^AoLveiv, n (j-cal^i^ Tr^^ovlcLg de,iTnv to(tcivtIjjj. eliiov]©^ H Tiv(^ odg x^n 
'^n^pi^TOL^ S^iiKoig gAc^Osgicti/, Kcu tSiv TtXei^ciiV (rujui7rctiVi(rdv]ce)v, ^k i(pn 
tQto TToincretv KdTCiiV' 8 y) elvcu vofJLifJLov. h^ <^iKcuov' cjlvtc^v {Bproi TOdV 
^idTiOTm d(piivlct}v., rQg iv nKiKici ^x^^- '^oi^m 7roAA&i'i/ \3«R)^sVs&)j/y 

Ki- 

Ipfisverocummulta ad fi;lutem8cincolumita- liberafTent faufte ac feliciter evenirent. 

tem patere, tum illud maxime, quod bellum Poftquam finem diccndi Cato fecit, fue- 

gererent cum homine qui in diverfa tempori- runt quibus etiam faceret oratio ejus animos, 

bus retraherecur: Hifpaniam ad Pompeium Plerique vero ob conftantiam cjus, animi 

juvenem defeciflej ipfam Romam jugi in- celfitudinem & humanitatem, periculi pene.. 

folentem nondum plane recepifle frsnum, pbliti prtefentis, tanquara unum hunc inyic- 

verum indigne calcari, atque ad omnem ex- tum ducem & omni fiiperiorem fortuna, ora- 

furreduram mutationem. Neque porro re- verunt uteretur ex fentcntia fua 6c ipforuni 

fugiendura efle periculum, fed doftorem eos corporibus & fiicultatibus & armis : prsfta- 

habere hoftem ipfum, qui quo maxima fce- re enim illi parentes vitam abjicere, quartl 

kra tranfigat, minime parcat vkx : cui non incolumes eflie virtute prodita tam cxcellen- 

ficut ipfis in feliciflimam vitam, fi viftores te. Qi^ium ibi mcntionem quidam intulifl"etj, 

fuerint, aut, fi impegerint, in mortem glo- decernendam fervis libertatem, idquecompro- 

riofifllmara incerta bclli tcrminatura. Ve- baflint plerique, negavit id fe Cato faftu- 

runtamcn debere eos ait fecum rem perpen- rum: neque cnim id legitimum vel juftum ef- 

<Jere, vota fa,cientcs ut fuperiore pro virtu- fc: verum fi domini ipiimanumififlent eos,re- 

te atque ajaiiai propeolij. voluptate quje de- cepturui^ (eadultos. Multis hi.c pollicitationi- 



:28o K A T 11 N. 

CLVIW y^.lJLfJLCLTCL cS^ 'lo^Cl m) 'E}Li7ri&)V(^' 'lo^CJL fjSp^ cv o^et ^ii^VU- 

f^jn («5 o^<V^^' £f«7^^T©^ 0, Ti Tr^.jleiv iiS^oyt^ tJ Kctrcoi/t' k. -jB TTi- 
eil^veiv 'ItvkIw QMhiTrovia, -/j TroT^.io^Kni^pu) /ulstcI <^^Tia.q S^or\^Y\(rm' 
'E>ci7Tm(^ Q TT^g oi)i^ct Tiv\ vcwXoxSvJ(^j a TTopp&i '^ 'Itux«? c^' Tolg 

avTo]g Ka^.S'o>i2ii]^. 

"E^O^iV ^l^ tJ KcLT(t)Vl T^? y^fJLfJiCLTO<^oe'dg oBaoyjlv-) aXtL S (li^CU.dddYi 

TCL c^s^ T^.f Ttf-a)LO(jim. oi fj9{j y^ >W j^^^.y^g ncrav Trpj^viaoi, yy THg oU 

KtTag <^'dt;V ci(pi2piig ixSj^i^ng odn7\il^ov. ^^ 3 TeAa>iO(Tm, oLTi S^n 7r?^ct)Ti~ 

k£v yij <^avmi)toov cLv^^dvrc^v, v^ to TrT^etg-ov cv To]g ouiTcug r' ii(riag lx°^- 

Tm, a 7fo7\uju ol Kc6T6)^©-' ?.oyoi x^^°^ spLiuieivavJig (^iODvno-ccv. Ka^cL- 

TTs^ T^^ tjOdpicLTm Ta fBp dvaS^ix^) pcL<^i(^g tIu) ^s^iaoTyiTa, k^ 7raAiv fxi^- 

mi, tQ TTv^g cLTTax^^^^ -^vxoy^a' (^s^777\miCfjg c/KeiVdg 6 fj^j Kct- 

rm o^c^fjS{j(^ cLViljjjTtv^ei y^ S^iiU^fJLcuviv, avT^g ^' loujTolg Koyov a^iJ^ovJag 

6 Kcii(ra§(^ C)o^(^ cJ^iK^a^rs r' TT^g KctTma kou to KaAov oui^ig. Tivig 

'^, i(pa(raf, ovJsg, kcu rivi ro 7r^(TTaoTof^ov TfoifiV cL7ra^iQiMp j i^xi Kai^ 

(ra^ l^ bT©-', «V ov Yi '?6t)/jiciim a7ra(ra (^i^nKiv l^vg; «juJfJ' q 'EKiTrim 

ii<^eig, a'<^g nof/.7rniog, ii<Pl KcLrm. cLT^Kci cv oig Kou^lg TTcLvlig oiv^i^moi 

Ta7reivoT&^ '^ 7r^(rnKoPim S^id (po^ov (p^vQ(nv, o) THTOig YifjLeig V7rs^/u.a- 

X^vJeg -^ 'V(t)fjiGum iK^heJ-ag, TToMfuLSf^ S^ 'IrvKng w Kdrm fjnrd 

no^Trma M.cLyvii (pSjym vCpeiTo t? 'IraT^iag' kou (^iiAag kT^^j^^Qfj^ ){^ 

bus faftis, quum nomina dare quibus placeret fervitiis, non diu Catonis oratio adhxrefcens 

jufliiTet, digrefllis eft. Paulo poft literx ei a effluxit. Sicut corpora aliqua facile calorem 

Juba & Scipionc funt redditx. Juba in mon- admittunr, rurfufque emittunt, amoto igne 

te quodam abditus quasrebat quid confilii ce- frigefcentia : haud aliter illos adfpeftus exci- 

piffet Cato. Nam expeftaturum oftendit fe tabat & fervefaciebat Catonis, cxterum repu- 

eum, fi Uticam defereret; 6c fi ferre decre- tantibus rem fecum, extorquebat Caefaris me- 

vifl*et obfidionem, fuppetias ei cum exercitu tus Catonis & honefti reverentiam. Ita enim 

venturum. Scipio fub promontorio quodam dicebant, Qui nos, & cui dedignamur difto 

non procul Utica in ancoris ftans eundem in efle audientes ? Nonne Crefar hic, adquemom» 

finem prseft' ilabatur. nis populi Romani recidit potentia ? Nemo no- 

Igitur Catoni vifum retinere tabellarios, ftrum Scipio eft, vel Pompeius, vel Cato; at 

dum certi quid ftatuifient trecenti. Omnes quo tempore omnes mortales animos prster 

enim fenatorii ordinis alacres erant, fervofque dignitatem ex metu fummiferunt, hoc nos ad 

extemplo manumiflbs armabant. At trecen- tuendam populi Romani libertatem gerimus 

tis, viris naviculariis fcilicet Sc foeneratoribus, ex Utica bellum, adverfus eum cui fugiens Ca- 

qui maximam facultatura partem habebant in to cumPompeioMagnoItaliaceifit?Servosh- 

bertatc 



K A T n N. 28r 

i/«i/, dy piox^^^'^ yvovleg iouJT^?, (Z^iTC^^s^ct tov )i^T^v\ciy yij mfx-^cd^ 

lA) T«V hmOfApa?. TCuJtO. ol jULiTetC^TATQi 'P^ TeACtKO(rm TTCl^miiV. oi 

7rA«?"oi Tolg (TvfitMTiKolg g7rg^aA<^of, &)V, «' raVa^ o-yAAa^otgj/, iAcaro^oi 
I . j/m) 7r^\" ctJra? o^>'^' ra Kai<rci^(^. 

O Kctrwv ^ssmvoodv tIw fZiTCL^oXkv 3 ii>c riMfxiV. to juS^jVoi SxiTrt^iwi/t 

»L tJ 'lo^a y^-^ctg cinix^^ '^ 'iruW a/Ti^-jV "^^ reACLKOdim^ SiimfJL-^/i 

raV y^jULjUiciTo^po^-dg. V^ o tTTTrgwy oj cj^iotcpuyoi/lg? >^' tm? I^clxngj clejLQ- 
i uog iiK <^j}caLTci(p^VY]T@-', 7r^(r£?^cL(rcivlig tm 'iTyjcw, Trg^Tracri Tr^j? toj/ 

KctVwi/a T^eig cLv^^g-, a t^' cm;'t/w) yvcoaUv >c7o TvcLvlm ixo^cig. oi |u9/j 

'^CL7rk''vXi TT^g 'lo^OLVjOi T^ KcLTCtiVI. Tf^CTXOt^^iiV O^^fJLluuJo' T^g Q Jt, cfg(^ 

«yg»' «'? 'ItvkIuu TTcte^ivcu. TcuuTCL KciTCdV 0LKii(rcLg, Tolg fSp Te/oLKocrioig 
cMi7\^<Ti 7r^(Tix^v MoL^Kov 'P«^£ioi/, ciT^ifjLcJL TOLg '^y^.cpdg 'PiS iX^- 
h^iivlodV hxo[^oVy )^ fJL-n 7t^7^ici(!^oi^ov' ctfJTog q t«V o-u.GcAnTiy.bjV clvoL- 
7\c/.^(^Vi 7r£^JiA0£V '^^&) T' 'Ituw, j^-to?? t7r7rotf;^oi? hiTvxi^i hoiB^(^ fjLvi 
TT^i^ 'VcofjLaiodv cLv^^g ^Sm (^a^Sig To^r^Tngj fj,nh 'U^av iM^ s-^Tnyov 

CLVTl K0LTa)V(^' OLKXOLCToiij^ KOiVrj K^ (TCid^eiV, TTCi^ih^Ovlcig eig TTOKiV iiTi 
KOLTOLK^.g CtKOdCTifJLOVy «'? 'gVn TtCifJJKoKKOL (tItOV ^ tIu) (^hhlw (Z^^ 
(TkSjIu) iX^<^O.V. TOUJTd "^ "^ (TvfKXYiTlKOdV hof^Ct)V J^ (^OLK^VOvJo^V, oi 

|u6^u h^roL^x^^i hnTKifxovlo Tolg iisnivcrir o q KciTCziV cJm x^y-^^^og tiv<^ 

m^i(TCLg fJLiTCJL TOdV (TvfKT^mKOOV, dvifJLeiViV TOLg '^KejLCTetg. 

'Ev 

bertatc donamus, quibus ipfis tantum eft refeadjubam, aliiadjungereCatonimolieban- 

libertatis quantum illi vifumerit reli£tum?At tur, pars intrare timebant Uticam. His Ca- 

etiam nunc o miferi cognofcentes nofmetip- toni nunciatis, M. Rubrio imperat ut tre- 

fos, veniam petamus a viftore, & legatos fup- centis intendat, ac nomina filentio recipiat 

plices mittamus. Hsec moderatiflimi trecen- fervos manumittentium, nec cogat quenquam. 

torum fubjiciebant. Maxima vero pars infi- Tum afllimptis fecum fenatoribus extra ur- 

diabatur fenatoribus, tanquam fi hos corri- bem progreflus praEfeftos equitum convenit, 

juiffent, iram in fe Caefaris pkcaturi. orans ne projicerent tot Romanos fenatores, 

Odoratus eft Cato confilii mutationem, neque ducem pro Catone caperent Jubam, 

non tamen excuflit, fed Scipioni & Jubae re- verum in communi falutem quxrerent, 8c 

mifit tabellarios, per quos fcripfit iis Utica urbem ingrederentur. Efle eam prorfus in- 

ut abftinerent, ob fuam de trecentis difiiden- expugnabilem, in qua commeatus & alia ne- 

tiam. At equites qui profugerant ex pugna ceflariainmultosannosfint. Eademfenatoribus 

non contemncndo numero, profedi Uticam rogantibus lacrymantibufque prjefeciri conve- 

tres miferunt adCatonemj non erant tamen nerunt equites.IntereaCatoinaggere quodani 

■ejufdem omnes fententi«e. Nam alii recipc- fedenscum fenatoribus,refponrumoperiebatur. 

VoL. IV. Nn Ru- 



282 K A T n N. 

aM^TfJLm 7tQ7\7\lw '^ B-O^V^OV, ddg ci<pl9C(.f^JCdV K^ (S^iCtTdo^Tlovlm TYlV /Td- 

7\iV, f(p' oig ol f^ a7\7\oi. TtOLvlciTicLuiv ^hniyvovlig icwTm elg ^d^evGL Kcd 
0(^t)f|W»V cJii7r£(rov' o q KcLTav cMetvag ti B-a^crwueiV twei^To-, >^ Tr^og raV 

Te/l^.nOdiHg gVgjW.\|/2J'j dvCLfXeivcU >ii7\djCCV. ol Q ^KT^ T^V IwTTiCdV mcVi ii fxi' 

Te/oL 7i:^(TTCLT\ov\ig, i(pcL(Tciv y) «Vg 'lo^ct ^el^ fjLi^o7\oyQv](^., ^Vs KOK- 
(Tce^ (poCfi^l, KcLT&iv©^ cLVT^v o.^x^^'^' 'iTVKouoig Q, <^oivi^iv dv^^odnoi?- 
SofjL^iTci^oTxoig avfkci^ei^yvv^y ^eivov hvcu. j^ yj el vuju cLT^ifJLQ<nVi OTdV 
Kou^ra^ cJmrii (rwuiTiihwi^ax >^ Tr^S^Oiu-eiV- eiTn^ iiv ^cxtou Tig avT^v (rvfjL-^ 
^oT^ifjLiiiilctiV Kj (rvfj.7ra^ov}cdv j cAi^a7\c^v d7tcLv\ag 'iTVKctiiig « S^iaCp^d^.g, 
iimg dg 7^o7\iv Kcfha^.v ^ioT^ifJLmv -^ jia^Cd^cdv >ia7\ciT0d. TavTa o Kd^m 
dyejLa [jSf) hivSig viyeiTo k^ ^d^^a^-, ^r^cto^g q dTfiKejivaTOy jSaAcliVg'. 
^ou fJLiTa Tm TejLaKO(ricidV. >^ Tra^ih^c^v caiB-ig eig tIw 7CoAiv cveTvFxave 
Tolg dvS^<7iVi iiK cJhTKYi^^/cig aJ^g (7s''^yc!^yd,g 7r7\ac>Toi^oig vtt' ali^Sg 
Tf^og avToVj dvJiK^vg q x'^7\S7raivii(riv, mig avT^g (hid^oiTo 7fo7\€fjLfiV Kcm- 
crceg/j fJLY) S'ujua!^iig fJLnS'^ /ByAo^'^^". Ivioi q k^ 7[ci^i(pbi[yov\o ^sfet ruiV 
(TvfkAnTimv, 6)V KahJJJtov cv tm wo7\et Kai^ra^©-" 7rctfoV/(^. ctAAa TQTOfjSp 
^K dKH(rag o KdTOdV ^sa^Kiv' k^ yJ> y\v \}mK6i)(poT^(B^' c^g d^g ng avitS 
7rfio(r€7\^(^v dTnfyeiXi, T^g ^ h^rag dinivou-, (po^n^eig fjLY)' 7ravJd7ra(riv ol 

TeA(JLK0<TiOi K^ T(£iV (TvfK7\Y\TiKCjiV "^^MVOn^^^TiVj l^dS^i^i fJ^ T^V (piAOdV cJ^a^ 

pa^dg' >9 ^ea^rd^^Q^ iiS'n 7re^KiX(^?woTagj 'iTr^fov 7\a^c^v, kJicdKi 7r^og- 

avTiig. 

Rubrius inter htec advenit ira inflamma- interfeftis Uticenfibus cundis ita ipfos in va- 

tus, rreccntorumque magnum fluftum 8c tu- cuam invitarethortibusacbai-barisurbem. H^ec 

■mukum infedatus eft, deficientium & civita- nimium fera Gato & barbara cenfens, refpon- 

Tem folicirantium. Unde muki abjefta femel dit benigne tamen, cum trecentis fe delibera- 

falutis fpe in lacrymas 8c lamentationes fe turum. Reverfus in urbem convenit eos. Ac 

conjecere. Cato vero cum hos confirmavit, illi nonjam circuitiones reverentia ejus nequc 

tum ad trecentos mifit petitum ut aliquantif- dcHnimenta in fpeciem fingere,fed apertefto- 

per fuftinerent. At pr£Efe£ti non mediocria machari, fiquis non valentes & nolentes bel- 

poftulata equitum retulere. Oftenderunt e- lum gerere cogeret cum Casfare. AHqui etiam 

nim nec quazrere eos ut Juba; forent merce- obiter fenatorum meminerunt, retinendos iii 

narii, nec fe Caefarem duce formidare Cato- urbe in adventumCaefaris. Vcrumid feaudiffe 

ne, caeterum cum Uticenfibus ut conckide- diftimulavit Cato:etenimeratnonnihil furdaf- 

rentur, hominibus Punicis & levibus, id fibi ter.Qiuimautemnunciafletciquidamabfcederc 

cife grave. Etenim ut nunc conquiefcant, u- equites, veritusne omnino confulercnt crudeli- 

bi advenerit Casfar, confpiraturos in ipfos, us aliquid trecenti in fenatorcs^confeftimpro- 

proditiirofque. Proinde fiquis fociet.itcm Sc fedus eft cum amicis ad illos. Ubi confpexic 

prsefcntlam expetac fuam, ut ille ejcftis vel ahquantulum progreflTos, cquo accepto,efteos 

infequLitus, 



K A T n N. 283 

twjr^di. ol \^o))\i<; aL(ri^oi Tr^^reT^cuJvovJaj k^ i(^i'^oLvJo ;^ 7i:a.^iKcl?^iiV (r(a- 

l^i^ jULiT OLV^. TOTi J^ ^aK^VQ-CU TOV KcLT&dVd <pCtl\v, VTTi^ '^ (TvfKKnTl- 

mv hoy^ov yt^ Tr^Teivovlci rdg X^&-^y ^'^^^ ^ "^^'^ 'iTrTrag civoL<^^i<pov\tt, 
}l 'ffi' 07rA&)y cLv]i?^cifu.i^avof^joVy ftix^ ^ KaTei^yoitraTo tIu) y^v «^«.^•tv 
(Meivlw Sm^^vavlag cL(r(pa7\yi Tolg oivS'(^.(ri (pvylu) (z^^^etv. 

'n? Jt/ s;K<yi/ oJUTi^'; oiCpUiTOi k^ t«V |w9f) ciBi rcig Trv^-.ag >taTig-n<T€V, Toh 
3 tIuj (Zk^.v (pvhctTJeiV wa^i^^cdKiVj ihidav ol Te/aaoG-ioi /uLYi <^kbju SSiriv 
r' fj,iTaQoMg' k^ 77pjg rov KoLTCiiva TrifiTrovJig, kHovJo TTcivlc^g ci<piA<J^l TT^g 
oujrJg. ol 3 <7y/JcA«rwo< ^^x^^^-^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^'^^ l<pa7av. 7r^Yi(ri^ rof 
XYihfjLova K) (TCdT^ii^ Tolg diri^oig jc, TT^o^oTcug. (ra(pt?cLTY\ ^, odg hixiv, 
cucjY\(rig ToTi 7fa^i^n ?9 7ro^(^ >c, 3-oujf/,a -^ KcLT(av(^ d^iTYig 7fd(riv ifLa7\(^g 
TOig b) TY\ 'iTvm 'j^oppoig, dg i^\v d^ ki^J^yiTkov ^tz d7raTY)7\ov ifjJfjLiKlo 
Tolg TT^TJofjSfoig vtt' avTS. TraAou o dv^^&)7r(^ lavTov syvcoKc^g dveTxav, 
S^etvQg TTovag kvroveti >^ (p^vlii^ag k^ coJ^hag elxiv vttsi^ aAA&i/, 07ro)g elg ctV- 
(pa7\ig KaTa9Yi(rag d^ravlag d7ra7\7\d^cuTo tQ ^ijv. ^ '^ Iw dSW^ jt 
TT^V Tov 3-dvaTOV oujT^ (po^.t K0U7ri^ a 7rd<)(^ov\(^. virwK^i^riv ^v tots Tolg 
Te/<^Ko(rioig, ci^^fJLv^Y\(Td[^(^ T^g (rvfK7\YiTiKiig- k^ fjLov(^ miv vr^og avTQg, 
XOLe/^v ix^^ ofJLo7\oyiv\ag-, v^ hof^ag rot i£{j dAAa x?^^ ^ Tns^^^SeiV d 
3 KdTcmg ^k «V)f, aJ^g to Kdrctiv^^ (pe,oVY\fJLa ;^&)^8<rij', oiKiei^eiv tIm 
d^ivc-iav avi^. hyvcaKOT^g J^' at/ Kou<Ta^^^ei^ou k^ Trif^TfeiV TT^og clvtov, 

^ ■ ■ VTTS^ 

infequutus. Illi lieti advehentem viderunt re- dicio, amplexi 6c admirati funt, fenferuntque 

ceperuntque, orantes fecum quaereret falu- Catonis virtutem ex jequo omnes qui Utics; 

tem. Ibi Catonem kcrymas quoque ferunt tunc erant, nihil fuiffe profefto in Catonfs 

profudifle, duni precatur pro fenatoribus 8c fa6tis admiftum, adulterinumvel fucatum.Qui 

manus fupphcss tendit : aliquorum equos quo- quum jamdudum mortem fibi ftatuiifet afFer- 

que circumegifle, atque arma corripuifle, quo- re, miros labores, folicitudines, dolores fufce- 

ufque impetravit ut illum faltem diem remane- pit pro ahis, quo illos quum in tuto collocaf- 

rent, 8c fugamprzeftarent fenatoribusfecuram. fet, tum ipfc fuam deponeret vitam. Neque 

Poftquam cum his rediit, ac partim in por- vero erat obfcurum, quantumvis diffimularet, 

tis coUocavit, partim tradidit eis arcem cu- fixum ei efle confcifcere fibi necem. Itaque 

ftodiendam, trepidaverunt trecenti,ne pcenas lenitis fenatoribus, geflit morem trecentis, fo- 

penderent inconftantix fu^e : mifllifque certis lufque eft ad eos profcftus. Illi gratias eiege- 

ad Catonem, obfecraverunt eum ut omnino runt, precatique in casteris ut opera fua ute- 

ad ipfos veniret. Verum circumfufi ei fenato- retur ac fideret ipfis. Quod autem Catones 

res prohibuerunt, negaverunrque perfidis 8c non efient, neque animos caperent Catonis, ig- 

proditoribus pcrmiiTuros fe tutorem fuum & nofceret infirmitati fuic. Decrevifl^e fedepre- 

fervatorem. Tunc enim clariflime, meo ju- cari Csefarem, atque legatos ad eum mittcre, 

Nn i qui 



284 



K A T n N. 



ciVTOiS ^khiJ^huu M^ahcu tIw %cte/v, oiAA a.xe/' ^v i(jL7rvimiv TfoMiuLrh- 
(THV VTTi^ cMeiyn. TT^og TOLVTOL 0. KctVwiA iTraiviu^a? tIw SovoiOLV, s<Py) x^lwcu-' 

•^ CtVTaV (TOdTYieACt'; m^iCt irifJLTVeiV ^ Tcix^y ^TTH CtuVa fJUyi (^ei^OU' Ki- 
K^TYifJ^CeV ^ dVCU (^iYi^riVj J^ ci<^iKiiv]cdV (^^^ItYI^IV. CLVTOg 3 a fJLO\OV (iW- 
TYiT©^ yiyoViVCU rZt^ TTci^OL TOV (hlOVy CtAAot ;t, 1)1}CU.V iCp' OITOV i^^iiAiTQ, Kj 

K^.Teiv Kai(ra^(^ Tolg KoChoig Kj (^iKouoig. c/Keivov ^ dvcu tov \oLKoiKOTOL -^. 
viViKnf^ov' ct oS n^VHT<o Tr^Tio^v y$ t' 7raTeA<^(^ TfdKoih viw c^5»Ag/^0a^- 
y^ 7ri(p(t)^^DU.. 

ToLVTd S^iolMx^^^ TOig TeActKo^rloig dmy<K(LT\iTo' v^ -Kv^ofp^^^ Kcu(tol^^ 
VTctG-oLV dyovJoL tIuj <p^Ti(x.v n^n >lcl^' oS^ov eivou, TlctTral, ^mv, cog m oiv* 
i^o^g nfJLoig mm^^. v^ Tg^TTOju^©^ tt^oV Ta? o-t;fx.A«TW^^, c^gA<^g fjLYif 
fj,iKKe\Vy (L7<K 'iodg as^i^ndiV ol mTteig (T(3b^^STau. v^ Toig f^ oLhhag oLTTi^ 
Khei(Ti S-v.^g, fXici q tm 7T^og Sxi?\aoTOLV (p^ii(rn tol ts 7r7\ola Tolg v(p'. 
icwTov MmySfj Kj TOL^iCdg^ S7r€fjLi7\eiT0, Travodv Tcig dhKiag, v^ ^ia7\v&iv 
THg ^o^v^^ag, v^ t^V' ^Wpiw? g;^ofe hcpo<^id[^cdv. g7r« q MctfJt©-* 'OKJd'- 
^i(^ dy(£iy- (^vo TdyfjLaTa 7r7\n(Tiov KaTis-^aT07ri(^<^(riV, yy 7rifA.7f0iv n^in 
rov. KdT(i}]/a ^ajfei d^x^^ S^iotio-a^ai- 7r^og avTov, meiv(d fj^ aOgi/.ot/Tgxei^ 
vaTO,7r^og q T^g Cp<A«? a7iiV,Y^iTa^ouufjLd^oi^ o^rodg }K^7\6dhi t«^ 7r^y~ 
fjLaTa, tIw (piha^x^av o^i^vJig nfLiv h.avTW t^ o7\iS-^(e (ii^naocrt cs^fiU 
vd^TcLV', h TaVw 3 Ta$ mTu^g dK-6<Tag d^rtovlag nih (pi^eiv k^ dyetv Ta TOdify 

'Itv^ 

qui prcecipue pro ipfo efTent 8c primo depre- alktum eflet C^rarem jam cum toto exerci- 

caturi.Si non obtinuiflcnt, ne conceflum qui- tu efle in itinere, Papae, inquit, ut in viros 

dem ipfis beneficium recepturos, verum dum nosille! Ac converfus ad fenatores, monuit 

fpirurent propugnaturos pro eo. Ad ea Ca- eos ut maturarent, 8c, dum cquites ibi operif 

to commendata illorum benevolentia refpon- rentur, confulerent faluti. Inde csteris obfe- 

dit, propcre eis efle pro ipforum falute mit- ratis portis, ex una, quie fpe6tabat ad mare, , 

tendum, at niliil pro fe expofcendum preci- diftribuit fuis naves, curamque geflit ut fier 

bus. Vi£tos. enim fupplices efl"c, atque eos rent omnia ordine. Injurias repreflit, tu- 

qui deliqaerunt veniam debere petere: fe ve- multus fedavit, inopibufquepr^buit viaticum^ 

ro per tocam vitam non inviftum modo p.er- Quum vero M. Oftavius cum duabus legio^ 

manfifle a Casfare, verum etiam efl"e quatenus nibus prope urbem confediflet, miflifque le^ 

vellcr, viftorcm, Caeiaremque virtute fupe- gatis poftularet a Catone ut ftatueret fecum 

rare & juftiiia, illum viftum efle & captum : quatenus utriufque imperium eflet : nihil illi 

qux cnim moliri jamdudum inficiatus eflet in refpondit, fed ait ad amicos, Et miramur nos 

patriam, nunc conviftum de his atque depre- resconcidiflcnoftras,quumambitionemretine- 

licnfum. renosin ipfo videamus cxitiovernuos? Intcrea 

Ita ad trecentos fatus, abfceflit. Quum equites audiens difccdere, 8c bona Uticenfi- 



uia 



K A T n N. aSj 

^lTVKCUaV UCrTTi^ XcC(pV^, ^^^V^^ (TUJuiTeiU TT^g OLVTiig, Kj TOi? Tr^CdTOl? 

Ax^^^ ci<py}§eiTo' 'j^ ^ aAAwi/ 'ka9(^ 'i(p^ciV€ piTflcdv k^ zaTOLTMiiSp(^y 
TTcivli; i) VTT ouf^twng (riadm k^ xoltoo (^xiTTovJig oLTT^i^roLV. o q KcLTOdv etg. 
t!w TToXiV T^g 'iTVKcuag (rtwoLyayodP, IS^eiTo (u^ 7^ TeAci>to(ricdV, fxn Tva^- 
o^ujuou Kcu(ra^ KaT av'^, ctAAa k^ Kom tLuu craTneAav T^^Tieiv cLk- 
7\Y\7\.oig. dTa %ci7^iv r^7ro{Aij(^ Tr^og tIw B-oLAarlav, i7fi(rK07rei t«V Sjtt- 
^cuvoviag, >^ 'P^ (p'0\m k^ ^ivodv oo-ag g7r«<7gi/, ncmoH^To j^ Tr^aTrg^-^gv. rov. 
Q \j\ov ^K iJretcTi XaCeiv ^rAolov, «J^g (^sto (^av "i^croT^ivreiV fS^sxi^lJ^ov tQ 
TraT^og. nv ^i Tig ^TaTvKhtog, oivn^ rw ^ n7\mcL vi(^, \%v^og 3 t« yvd- 
fjun |2>aAafxSiu(^ eivou, Kj tQ KoiTm(^ "^TPifJLifJLei^ou tIw cLTroL^eiav. tStov 
ri^ia TrKeiv' k^ y:) nv KaTa(pavng jULKTOKouG-a^' cag 3 bjc n^ihsv, 'A7roAA&)i//<^M- 

l^^TCdim K^ AnfjLnTeACd TU Uie/7raTnTtKCd TT^^O-^Ag-vJ/Ct^ K0LT&)V, 'TfJLiT£' 
^V, HTTiV, i^yoV o\(^Qv]a T^TOV fJLa7\CL%0U, K^ KaTa^TicroU TTPOg TO (TVf>L(pL 

^v. avTog i) T«V 7\oi7u^g (TiwiK7[if/.7rodv, )^ ;:^fn^aT/(Jai/ To^ig ho^oig, tIuj 
T2 vviila ^iiTf-^iv <c^ TavTa, k^. rng cJ^ii(Tng nfjJi^g to 7r7\ei<^ov fJLie,^. 

'E7r« KSjKi(^ Kcuja^, o^kh^ iSp m Kou(ra^(^ cMeiva, fj.i7\7\(t^v 3 
TT^icrlct^eiV v7ii§ T^ TejLaKo(riodv, Tra^iKOLT^et tov KoLTOdva 7^oyov avirj (tujuv^ 

TTO^i^OJI. 7ri^aV0V, W X^^^\} ^^ QJKeiVOdV V7r\^ (tQ jwSjU yb aVT6 JC, X^^^^ 

kf^o) Ka7\ov (jL^^atO^cu, y^ yova^n 7r^<T7ri(Teiv KcuG-a^(^' Qk eia TavTa 7roi- 
Hv 6. KoLTCt^v avTov. 'Ef>Lo\ y), ^TTiV, ei (T(^(!^iSrou yjieATi Kcu(ra^(^ s^«- 

7\0fJLlw, 

iim pro praeda diripere, propcravit ad eos in- oravit ut abnavigaret : nam illuftre erat ejus 

citato curfu, affequutufque primos extorfit in CEefarem odium. Ubi recufavit, ApolloJ 

ablata. Mox reliquorum quifque fedinavit nidem Stoicum 8c Demetrium Peripateticum 

id quod haberet projicere & deponere, om- intuitus Cato, Veftri, inquit, muneris eft tu- 

nefque prse rubore muti 8c deje£tis in ter- mentem hunc animo mollire atque adducere 

ram oculis faceflere. Tum Cato convocatis adid quod ex ufuejus eft. Inde reliquos dimi- 

in urbem Uticenfibus oravit pro trecentis, fit, & vacavit illis qui operam requirebant fu- 

ne Csfarem incenderent in illos, verum pro- am: qua in re totam no6bem confumpfit & 

curarent in communi inter fe fiilutem. Mox magna ex parte diem pofterum. 

reverfus ad mare, confideravit confcendentes, Qiuim L. Ctefar C. Caefaris propinquus,' 

amicofque & hofpites,quos quidem perpelle- qui legatus erat pro trecentis iturus, orarec 

rc potuit, falutavit 8c profequutus eft. Fi- Catonem ut adjuvaretfe in concinnanda apta 

lio non perfuafit ut navem arripcret, neque oratione quam efiet pro illis habiturus, Nam 

adhsrentem parenti duxit avertendum. Sta- pro tc, inquit, etiam manus ejus attingere, 

tyUius quidam erat vir in flore a-tatis, qui & ad genua mihi fuerit honeftum procumbe- 

forti peftore efie & Catonii^ fubfequi obfti- re; vetuit id Cato ei ne faceret. Mihi enim, 

natum 6c immotum afFedtabat animum. Hunc inqiiic, fi incolumitatem habere Qefiiris bene^ 

ficio ■ 



286 K A T n N. 

XoiLtluU, dJUTM (la^ig-iOil Iw Z^g CAteiVOV (JLOVOV- «' fliiKOfjLCU Q TO? TV^VVCa 

"Xjiti^v ix^iv VTTi^ m (z^joiulh. cz^^voiLiei q, (rcd(%v ug we/,^ &v cwt^ 
hazro^etv ii^iv TT^crnx^iv. OTfOdg jU^Vot ^zj^iTnVw raV Te/-cx.x,o(j-iiig, zom (T/co- 

TT^fjSf €1 |S«Agi. '^OfU{j(^ 3 TT^V TaV&) fXtTCi TS Ai^JUd, TOV VjOV OtJUTtS 

(TtwWnTi K^ tQ? WcU^ag cLniOvll,' K^ Tr^TrijLi-^ag OMiivOV J^ A'^tCt)TCLf^(B-'y 

sTravYiA^iV oiKCihy j^ tov ij&i/ j^ t«V (p<Aa? crujuciyayc^v, ctXAct Ti ttoAXgl 
(^igAep^Sw, f^ TToXiTeictg cLnelniv (^'^ci^ ra yLa^-iia). to fMp yJ cL^ioog 
KctVii)!/©-', fc;;t gVt TOL Trp^yfJLciTa (^i^ct^' to q ciAA&)c, cu^^^v elvcu. kcu 
(^xicpji^v ii^n T^iT^^J TT^g To flcJiTxGLveiov. c-i» Q TO 7\-di^cu TH 'EtoltvA- 
KiH fAVii^elgy K^ fXiyoL (p^iy'B,ctfjSf(^j 'ElgTrg^^/cd?, dTnv, &) 'A/roAAAiwci^^ji 
Tov 'EtcltvAKiov "^kro t^ (p^nfioLT^^ cMeiva Kci^ihcdv j k^ mTrAdjxiv o 
cLvn^j fjLn^B ciajTciLcroLmp(^ nfjLoigj Ho^iv-j eimv o 'ATFoXAcdviihgy ^tcuToi 
%o7<h(x. (^tiMx^nfJ^i oL?\?\OL y-J/nAoV hi K; aT^i7t\(^^ j^ fBpetv (pndi kou 
"k^Tliiv 0, T< av (Tv "K^Tlng. yr^og ToujTci (poL(r\ tov KoLTCe)V6i fjLiit^icLcrou, Kj 
eiTreiv, 'AAAct tQto f^ couTiKOL (poLVc^Tcu. 

A^crctf^©^ jWy 7ro70\odV ihtTVii KOL^nf^(^) ^cscri^ eica^n fjLiToi t!w 

fJLcLx^- ^ y^ KOLTiKhi^n 7f7\luu KOL^^S^CdV. CTUJuMTrViiV j) TTOLvJig 01 iTCU^l, 
J^ -3^ '\TVKOU(£iV ol a^X^^^''' ^ f^^Tci TO (^etTTVOV O 7rOT(^ 'gfl^g fliiCTOLV TTOA, 

?\Uv Kj ^ae/y, (jL7\7\cdv iTr' (i7\7\oig 7\oym (pi7\ocro(pcdV KvKhiivJm. c^x^ ^ 
f^n7\^iv n ^nTncrig eig toujtol <^n tci o^^^cj^cl KOL7\iif^oL i^ STftjik&Fj/, 
To, fjLovov eivcu tov dycL^ov, iK^h^V J^Jas^ q, t«V (pcLv7\iig aL7tdLv\a.g' bn- 

Tav&oL 

neficio vellem, ipfi erat ad eum foli eundum : pollonide, Statyllium, eique fpiritus illos de- 

fed nolo tyranno habere de ipfius flagitiis traxifti, & difceffit ille infalutatis nobis ? Haud- 

gratiam. Quippe in eo flagitium committit, quaquam, inquit, tametfimultadifputaverimus, 

quod confervat ut dominus illos in quos non Apollonides : verum animo celfoeft & inflexi- 

fpe£tat ad eum dominatio. Verum quemad- bili, aitque permanfurum fe, & quicquid te vi- 

modum pro trecentis depreceris, inter nos, fi derit agentera, idfe fequuturum. Ad id Cato 

videtur, confideremus. Cui rei poftquam ferunt arrififle ac dixifl^e^ld vero moxpatebit. 

cum Lucio vacavit, filium abeunti 6c amicos Lotus intcr frequentes ccenavit, ut confue- 

commendavit. Profequutus illum dextram- verat poft proslium, fedens : neque enim nifi 

que complexus, inde domum regreflus eft, fi- fomni caufa decumbebat. Ccenaverunt cura 

lioque & amicis contradis, cum alia multa eo amici omnes Sc magiftratus Uticenfiura. 

difleruit, tum filio ne attingeret rempub. in- Sub coenam multa fuit inter pocula erudita 

terdixit : quippe eam, ut dignura eflet Catone, confabulatio & feftivitas, aliafque ex aliis 

haud integrum fore pofthac capeflere : alia ra- difputationes philofophicas verfarunt. Dum 

tione tuFpc efle. Circa vefperura jam vertit difpiuat, devenit ad hicc Stoicorum admira- 

fe ad bahieum. In bahieo StatyUii memor,at- biha, quse Paraaoxa vocantur, Sokim bonum 

que alta voce loquutus : Dimififti, inquir, A- virum Uberum efl"e, oranes malos feryos. Ibi 

jaiu 



K A T n N. 287 

TWf, y^ Tovov TF^o&eig ^ t^x^'^^'^^ (p&ivyig, dnktm Troy^mdrc^ tqv Ao- 
yoVi dy&vi S-ctvfJ.oL9C0 x^^^^^A'^' ^^'^'^ iu,yi(^ivoL Tkcl^^v oti tc^ jiico Tfio^g 
iyvmiv cJm^eig diicjLKh.cLi\i^cu ^^ Tra^ovlcdv. J^io k^ fjLSTA tov Xoyov (nod- 
TfY^g v^ •mTY\(pii(ig •fyU0ju6jjU«?, h 7rd(riv dvcthoLfA^^dvcdv avTdg k^ dTrdycav -^ 
'\jzi^'^ioLg KdTOdv, ctvQig uVgf -^ na^ovlcAV hi^tcLKKiv s^caTnjULctTct k^ (p^ov- 
Ti^ag, 6)V hhciig fj^ vme, "^^ wM()v}cdv, Miodg 3 vtts^ t&v o^^ov\cxiV l^n^ 
fjLtoLV dvvJ^^v Jt, ^d^^ct^ov. 

OvTCd S^iaTwjcTctg to crwuhiTrvov, )^ (^naTwag ^iTa tcov (pihodv tov 
cwuYi^Yi ^iTa To hiirvov cs^iraTov, >Lj ToHg d^x^(ri Tm (pvhdmv d Kou^og 
Iw TT^ocTTOL^ag' dmciiv clg -^ ^odfMaTiov, ri<^n tov rg ncuS^a k^ tcav (pihcav 
'imTov, jbLaAMv « 7r^()Ti^ov eicio^ih 7r^ocrayayoiM{j(^ k^ (pi^.o(p^oVYj^i]g, 7rd~ 
7\iv ^^m^^iav Tra^i^e tQ fjLiKhov\(^. {i,(rih^odv q j^ KaTaKhiUig, iXa^iv t\g 
Xu^g Tm Y\7\dT0iiv(^ ^\.a7\oy(i)V tov <sfe< '^vxrig' k^ S^iih^cdv t5 jS^i^Ata 
To TTKiis^ov, )lj dva^hi^^ag V7i\^ Ki(paMg, 6)? ^k uhv Ke,ifxd.\^i)ov to §/- 
(p(^ {v(py\^Y\TQ y) TTcug tn hiTrvQvl^^ avTQ) xaAi^rag olKiTbjj n^c^Tn(rev 
oTig hd^o^ To gr^^^ttgicTioi^. (noiTr^vl^ cMiiva, ^rdhu/ huu TrpoV xo (Sii^Ajoi'' yi 
fXiK^ov (^iahiTTOdv, co^rTTi^ « cmdji^oiiv bVg g/Tgfj/of^^©^, ctAA&)$' Q To '^i(p<^ 
cJml}iTCdv, b)ii7\i9j(Ti Kofj,i(rcu. ^iaTeA^ng o y^vo^jngt k^ foihvog Kofiil^ov- 
T©-', cJ^avayvQg to (ii^Aiov, av^ig c^otAsi Ka^^ ha Tm oiK^Tm, v^ fxaA- 

AOV. CViTilVi tIw (pCe)vlw, TO ^i(p(^ dTTCUToSv' iVOg Q J^ 7rt)J TO '^OfiaL 7ia- 

Taz^ag, 

jam infurgenti Peripatetico acriter objiciens lium 8c amicorum quemque arclius quam af- 

fe Cato, contcnta & afpera voce produxit in fueverat amplexus elt & falutavit ; qua re fu- 

longum difputationem, ac mirifice pugnavit, fpicionem de integro movit conlilii fui. In- 

neminem ut falleret ftatuifle vitce eum finem greffus cubiculum ubi decubuit, Platonis di- 

jmponere, feque ex prKlentibus explicare mo- alogum de aniraa fampfit in manus, libro- 

leftiis. Quapropter quim filentium 8c moe- que prope evoluto fufpexit fupra caput; ubi 

ftitia effec hanc difputationem confeqimta, non vidit fufpenfum gladium, (filius enim- 

quo omnibus modis erigeret eos & abducerec coenante adliuc patre fubtraxerat eum) fer-; 

ab ifta fulpicione Cato, diiceptationes iterum vum vocavic rogavitque quifnam enfein ab- 

de rebus prxfentibus & curas movit, quafi ftuliffet. Conticefcente illo repetiit librum, 

metuens navigantibus, metucns ctiam terra parvoquc interpofito incervailo, quafi nnn in- 

^crgcntibus per fitientem 8c barbaricam foli- ftarcc neque urgeret, fed forcuico require-» 

fudinem. ret gladium, prajcepit eum adferri. Inter^ 

Ita foluto convivio, ubi folennem a ccena cedcnte mora quum adferrec nemo gladium, 

deambulationem cum amicis abfolvit, & pra;- perle^o libro accivic denuo. iiugulos lcrvos, 

fcftis excubiarum quas tempus requirebat. ac vocem magis incenditfl eaferijqiic ycpOr- 

imperavif, recipiens jam fe in cubiculum, fi- pofcit, unum etiara puguo peicuHk, manumj- 

qu» 



288 K A T n N. 

^S^iS^oo^ tJ TtoMfxiod yvfj.vog ijzsra ra ttouS^o? cwtQ kou -ffl oui-^. 
dxeA » kXcuo)V qoV ddiS^^fJii fJLiTO. 'j^J' (pixmi kcu (^Tricrt^v &)JV- 

^■eTO KCU KCi^iKiT^iV. Q KcLTCidV cJ^OLVCtg^clg dvi^chi^^iV TS. (^aVOVy KcU 
TiOTii ^lTTiV, ly^ KCU "JtS KiXYl^CL C^^Voictg YiAmO^g; OTi S^LS^cLdKa (^J 

^h]g ^h fJ.€TCimiS-ci akl m ^ovm Kcuc^g (^i^nX^v^, KOdhvofj,cu cTs 
X§^^ roi'^ IfjLouuT^ XoyKrfj.oi;, kcu 7rci^7r7\iCpfj,aj'. j t/ S"' ^x^ ^^ ^^''- 

S^iig i W -j^VCUi, TOV TfOLTi^, KCU Tctg X^^^'^ >C^5"f £(?)«? , fJ^^X^ ^^ 
gyAO&lI/ K0U(rci^ <^^YI fj,i fJ.YlJ% dfJ.UJUGL^CU (^UDCt^MlJOV j a ^ i7r' lfJ.OUU' 

Tov ys S^iofj.cu ^i<piig, oTfn kou to 7rvivfj.cL (i^x^ Xi^^'^^ oBix^^- 
TOL-i Kcu rbjtj xiOaxUv clttcl^ 7rcLTci'^cLv^iCL -«pr^V Tov Toixov j )>7n>^cJLmv 

ToujTCL xiyovj^ cwtQ, to jt^u pLet^nov cJ^iiXk fJ.€Tci Khouj^fxQ, kcu 
TfcLvJig oi "homoi' ttJ q A«yttHTgi&) k^ tu ' A7roAAodVi(h fiovoig vziFoheiCp^ei^ri 

TT^lZQTi^V Yi<h KcLX^V, 'H TTa )tj VfJAV, gt^JI, ^iS^OKT) ^icL KOLTiX^V OL.vS'^ 

to(7^tov Y\7\ma.g bj iw ^iu), j^ KOLB-yiijSfjag cujtQ (TioiTrn a^^(pvhoio^eiv, » 
hoyov YiMTi Kofj,iljiv\tg, &)V a hmv ac^g ^X^^ ^^if )><7fo^QiiJoL (r&iTyiejLOLg 
kri^g KcLTmoL tIuj ^cto tQ 7roMfj.iii f^.^iiV •, Ti ai/ » Agysrs wei&ovJig 

Y)fJ.S.g TGUJTOL Kj fJ,6TCLS'l(^OL(rK0vlig, hoL TCLg Tr^Ti^g ^o^(t.g CMiivOLg Ji, Ao- 

yag oig crvfJ.^e^MKOLp{j oM^cLXovlig, -^ '^dySpoi i^icl Kcu^tol^ (ro(pcoTi^oi, 

pL^l^OVOL X^^^ iMySp OUJT^j KOliTOt fbiCii?\AjfJ.CU fjd{J sdgj/ iyodyi (Z^ 

SfJ.OUJTH' 

que cruentavit, fremcns atque alta jam voce flifto femel ad parietcm capite exanimari li- 

vociferans nudum fe prodi a filio & fervis ho- ceat. 

fti } quoufque flens filius accurrit cum amicis, Dum ita fatur, ejulans adolefcens omnefque 

ruenfque in complexum ejus cospit lamentari reliqui cubiculo exceflere. Demetrium vero 

& obfecrare eum. Ibi exfurgens Cato, ac fuf- & ApoUonidem folos intus manentes lenius 

toUens oculos torve, Quando tandem, inquit, jam compellans : Utrum vos quoque, inquit, 

cgo 8c ubi in apertam dementiam incidi im- hujus cetatis virum retinerevi Ilatuiftisinvita, 

prudens? Cur admonet nemo me, nec abdu- defidentefque hic taciti aflervare? An ratio- 

cit ab his, ubi parum rcfte videar confuluif- nem afi^ertis,non efle indignum neque foedum, 

fe, fed confilia mea prohibeor exequi, ar- quumaliundedefperet falutem Cato, eam ex- 

mifque denudor? Quin fimul homo praeckre fpeftareab hofte?Quin igitur hocdemonftra- 

conftringis parentem, manufque poft tergum tis nobis perfuadetifqueatquedocetis,utplaci- 

illigas, donec veniens Ciefir offvsndat ne de- tis 8c do<5i:nnis ilHsprioribus,inquibusxtatem 

fendcre quidem me ipfum valentem? Neque trivimus,explofis, redditi perC^farem fapien- 

enim in me ipfum requiro gladium, quum tiores majores ei agamus gratias? Atque ni- 

etiamfpiritubrevitemporecompreflToatqueaf- hil equidem de me ipfo conftitutum habeo, 

fed 



K A T n N. 28p 

ijbLewtS' h^i H fJii (l\i7\dj(TciiJ^Joy iivcu KveAov oig "iyvmoL x^"^^' jS-^A*^'- 
(yofJLOu i) T^Ttav TtvcL fJLi^' v\J^y ^<iA<^o^(^ ^ '^ ?\oy(tiV, o^i; >c, vfjLeig 
(piXo(ro(peiTi, X^'^^' ^ci.y^^v]ig »v dWg, ;^ Kih^iTi tov lJoi/, ct ja>) J^J- 

n^V TcujTct jULYi^iV cLvleiTrovJig oi fsfei tov AY}iuLY)Te/.ov, olAXcl ^aa^VG-CLV-' 

ng VTTi^YtK^OV. HG-m/JLTrf) Q cfiCt TrCMJ^I» jttWfa TO ifxCieJ.<^lOV' }Lj KcL^m' 
kcmCL(TaTOi ^ XOtTgl/OHCgV. mV Q ^hv k<^OdTCL TOV CL^i^ Kj tLuU CLiifJLUjU hcL- 

lBpii<rcLV3 eiTTooVj Ntw ifJLog €ifJLh ro fjSp ^l(p(^ 'i^Yixiv, TO 3 ^i^^aIov coidi^ 
CLViyivcdG-Ki, Kj A^VO '^*' °^''*' ^^2?^^^^^f- ^'''ct }LoifLY)^eig \j7rv0v R>ol^uv, mTi 
raV c4t]oV cwc&-gc%, (^ fjLi(rcLg vv^ag hcLhH t^ cLTTiK^^i^cdv KXicLv^lw 
Tov loLT^v, Kj BnTGLV, 6) fj.cL7\i<^cL TT^g Tcig 7to7\iTiKcLg ir^^eig g;;^^«To. )^ 
T^Tov ju^' c^' S-oLhoLorav iT^ifJL-^iV, oTtoag 0"xg\[/ajuS^u^.« 7rctJ/7g? oLvy^yf^oi, 
TvfxcLV(a(rh (p^(TCi Ti^g cujtov' t^ o \clt^w tLuu X^&^ (p7\iyf/,cuvov(rcLV 

%Sm '^ TTAnyJI? Iw t7r7.Y]^i TOV olKiTUv <Ml<^<TCli TTOL^i^^iV. Jij T^T i7toiY\TiV 

YitS^iag cL7roLv]oLg, (^g ^(t^ruodg lxov\(^ cujtS. fJLiT o7\iyov ^ TSoL^bJj o BaVct?, 
cL7roLfyih7\m t«? ^j^ aAA«? clvyIx^ou, K^otov q AttTrgc^ \W cLxo7.ictg 
Tivog' o<Tov 87r&) ;^ t^toi/ g^^aii/«v* TroAy v q ;;^«iw5frot ;^ |ttgyot ^rvsvfzoL kolt- 

iX^^ tIw B-OLXOLOTOLV. tStO 0LKii(T0Lg 6 KoLTCdV WiVOL^iV (iixlod T^ T^XiOV- 
TOdV, -iLj 7tci7\iV i^fifjL-^iV TOV BiiTOLV Sm S-OLAOLOTOLV, « Ttg OL^ 7fCt7\lvS'^- 
fJLYi(TOLg ^iOkTO TlVOg T^ oiva.fKOU0dV, CLTrOLfyiXQvloL TT^g OUJTQV. yiJ^Yi Q o^v^ig 

ri<^ov, Kj fxu^v av^ig KOLTlwix^yi Tr^og v7rvov. i7rcLVi7\Uv\(^ 3 ts BsVot, Kj 

(p^- 

fed debet in manu efle mea, ubi deliberavi, libertum Cleanthem medicum appellavic &: 

exequi confilium. Confulam autem quodam Butam,quo prjecipue in reipub. negotiis ute- 

modo vobifcum, quum deliberem cum prse- batur.Hunc mifit ad mare vifum an folviffenc 

ceptis quibus vos cum philofophamini uti fo- omnes,idqueutfibireferret. Medicoautemma- 

letis. Abite igitur fidentcr, atque filio meo num ex i£lu,quem fervo inflixerat, inflamma- 

dicite, qux perfuadere non valet patri, ea ne tam,pr£ebuit obligandam :idquodomnes,quafi 

cogat. vivere vellet, reddidit hilariores. Mox adfuic 

His nihil Demetrius Sc ApoUonides relu(^- Buta renuntians cxteros vela fecifle, CrafTum 

tijfed manantibus lacrymis digrefli funt. In- vero propter occupationcs aliquas hasrere ad- 

de per pufilliim puerum intro fertur gladius ; huc illic, fed eum quoque jamjam confcenfu- 

quem ut accepit, difiirinxit & confideravit e- rum ; tempeftatem autcm ingentem & vehe- 

um. Ubi mucronem direftum vidit atque a- raentemventuminmareincubuifle.Quoaudito 

ciem integram, proloquutus, Nunc mei juris ingemuit Cato navigantium miferacione, Bu- 

fum : pofuit enfem & librum ex integro rele- tamque mifit iterum ad portum vifum fiquis for- 

git. Bis eum referunt totum pervolutafl"e. Mox te recurriflet rei alicujus indigus, id fibi ut refer- 

alto fomno dormivit, ut qui foris erant perci- ret.Jara aves concinebanc,ac paululum dcnuo 

perent fl:ertentem. Circa noftis conticinium ia fomnum cft relapfus- Rcyerfo Buta, mag- 

VoL. IV. Oo nuin- 



-po . K A T .a ^s\ 

(p^ToLvi(^ TroXhlw yktvxImi (^ tQ? hi(^ctg mcu, TT^G-ka^iV avT^ tyiv 
Bv^v KXeia-oUy y^ m^hiv kcwTov eig to >fKm^iov, &)V tq Koit^ov tn -^ vvk~ 
ToV OLvaTTcwcrofj^©-'. c^gA0oJ/1(^ tQ B^Vrt, cmcf.(TcLi^^ to ^icpQ^, g&io-s 
f£p \W To 9i)^(^' Tw x^SA >i^(poTi^v ^id tUv (pMyfxovlw ;^^jia-a^g- 
1©-', iiK ^'OuV dmKXa^iV icwTov, ctAAct J^v^avcfP^ Siimo-i -^ KhivYigj »9 

'^oCpOV \7toiYi(TlVi KOLTd^OChtidV OL^Cl^UOV Tl l^ yi(idfJLiTe^>L&V CS^Keif^OV' 

acTTi TaV B-i^TTovJag M^ofjSfjng dvci^ona-cu, >9 tov t^ov avTiKct Kj TaV (pi- 
A8? vTreiCTiX^eiV. IS^oOl&g WiCpv^fjSpov cufjLciTh J^ t^ cvii^CtiV Tct ttqTkXol 
Tr^TTiTflcoKOTOL, Hl^vloL J^' (JiVTOV %T\, j^ (^hiTFovloL, S^eiV&g fB{j cLTrcivJsg i%OV, 

6 3 loLT^og 7r^(ri?^^0dV iTtei^TO, T&V hvTt^m OLT^OdTOdV S^iOLlULetVOLvJceJV, TOLV- 
TOL TS KOL^ig-aV, >^ TO r^OLVjULOL (^iOLJ)jiOL7fleiV. Cdg «I/ cLvlwifuV KcLTOiV K^ (TVV- 

&(p§oVYiariV) Tov fB{j loLT^ov cL7riCd<roLTo, Tciig XH'^'^ '^'^ 'ivJi^ caroL^^oLg 

%j TO T^OLVfJLOL S7rOLVClj)j)Yl^ag OLTri^aViV' 

Ev ut >iK cl'i/ Tig mro ;^?oi/&) t»V k^ tIuj ohiav Tfctvlag n^Yt^ to tccL- 
5-©^, S^ Tcug S-v^cug Yi(rav oi TtiaKo(rioi, j^ fjLiKqov v^i^v S^Y^fJLf^ yi^oi- 

rO tS)V 'iTVKCUOdV, fJLia (pOdv'^ TOV dii^yiTlw K^ (TCdT)]^, Kj fJLOVOV SK^^i^V K^ 
fJLOVOV OL^tJyiTOV KaT^iivlodV. K^ TOUJTa i7t^T\oV i7rafyi?^?\0fJ^Jii Tt^CTiiVOU KcM- 

(rae,^' cLto^ iiTi (po^c^^ avT^g, HTi KoT^aKeia Ta k^tQv](^, iiTi « 7re,og 
d7\7s.Y\7\>ig <^ia(po^ K^ s-d(rig dfJL^XvTie,'<ig iTroiYKnv tyj Tr^og Kdrcdva Tifx^. ko(t- 
fXYi(Tav\ig To cr&fjia ?\afJL7r^ag,y^7rofjL7rluiJ (MiCpav^ (Z^^ov]ig,.Kj S-d^^av- 
Tig c^^ tIuj S-dAaorav, § vvv dv^tf-dg i(pk<^Y\Kiv avrS ^i(p^Y)g, ^TCog h^- 
TTovlo 7ie,og To (T(L)^eiv iouuT^g xoM TljLtj 7roAiv. KcM- 

numque filentium renuntiante in portu elTe, fe redire, repulit medicum, interanea mani- 

juffit ei januam claudere, repofuitque in lec- bus laceravit, divulfoque exfpiravit vulnere. 

tuium fc, quafi reliquum no6lis quieturus. Di- Quo autem fpatio non credcres eum cafutn 

greflb Buta ftriftum gladium fub pe£tore im- refcifcere omnes domefticos potuifle, adfue- 

prefl^it : quia vcro iftus fuit ex manus inflam- runt ad fores trecenti, ac mox populus Uti- 

matione levior, non fubito exanimatus eft, ve- cenfis concurrit, una voce benefeftorem, fer- 

rum animam a;gre agens decidit cubili, & ftre- vatorem, folum liberum, folum inviftum ap- 

pitum edidit deje£to abaculo quodam geome- pellantes jeaquc agebantquumnunciareturad- 

trico, qui juxta locatus erat. Quod fentientes efle Cjefarem. Csterum neque metus eos, ne- 

miniftri fuftulerunt clamorem, filiufque 6c a- que aflentatio viftoris, neque mutua difl^enfio 

raici confeitim ingreffi funt ad eum.Qui con- vel difcordia ab honorando retardayit Catone : 

fpicientes fanguine foedatum, & inteftina ple- fed corpus ejus magnifice exornatum & fplen- 

raque procidifle, fpirantem eum tamen adhuc didis elatum exequiis funeraverunt juxta ma- 

£c intuentem, omnes ingenti perfufi funt do- re, ubi nunc quoque ftatua ejus enfem tenens 

lere. Medicus accurrens inteftina conabatur, pofita eft. Inde converfi funt ad fuam urbif- 

quia manferant illsefa, reponere & vulnus con- que faluteoi expediendam. 
fuere. Ut igitur rccreari Cato cepit atque ad 

s Cjc" 



K A T n N. 291 

KoLTCtiva. iu,Y}^s (p^yeiV,cL7\7\ai t«V aAAa? n^mfxneiViCWTov o >^ raV kat- 
f»? ;^ rof ijov acl^g&)? ctfctf^gc^s^j S)j(iTU,act^Tov riyeiTO tIw yvodfjihjj tQ 
M^g, cLti ^n Tov 7rhfi<^ov Koyov 'ix^^ <^^«i^«, >9 TT^a-n^j^ fX} t' ^ujucl- 
fjLiOdg e7reiyo^(^. dg 3 YiKaQ-iV tov B-clvatov auTQy Agye^ to^tQtcv eiwei'^^ 

^fl KoiTOdV, CP^QVM (TOl tQ ^OLVCLTH' J^ 7) i{JLo\ <TV T' (TCWT^ (TCtiTneJLCtg 2(p^6^ 

vwoL?' t4 o^ ov\i (TOi^luJou KcLTOiV clvcL^d^Q^ 'cm Kcu(r(ji^(^ iiK oiv aVa) 
i^oKei mTcu^uJuau tIw oujt^ ^d^avy oog >LO(rfj.Yi(Tcu tIw oAteivn. to q vt^X' 
&iVy oii^Kov. moLl^Q T^ %?«5-0Tg^ fz^ Kcu(rcL^(^. 

'ETiK^JTYKTi KoLTOtiV iTYi S\jeiv i^iovloL TTevlniLovJoL {hi^mmg. d q qoV ca/- 
T» vztra Kcu<TOL^(^ f^ ^^iv »j^wn5«* AsyO p^'^^^^^ •^sc^, >9 'Ztfe^ yy- 
va^;£ct? »>c rtVg7rtA«7r](^. ok q, KctTrrraS^oKicL ^ivca tiv] x^yi^oifyi^^ MoL^(poL- 
^oiTY) ^ (boL(ri?KtmVj ixovlt yvvouov <^V^S7rk, k^ Trheiova ttol^' oujToig y) kcl- 
A^f ^x^ hoLTejL^oiV xd^^^' 'i(rK(07f]iio, TOiCLtjTCL y^(pdv\(tiv eig oujToVy 

Ave/OV KOLTOiV ^CL^i^et (A^ TejLCLKOV^' YlfjLi^g. 

Ud^Ki^ iij MoL^(PoLMTYig, §vo (pl7\oi, -^vxn fJLiof^- 

"i^VX^ ^ CMOL7\eiT0 T» MoL^^POlS^CLTH TO yvVMOV. ilj 'iTl, 

Ev^ng JL) 7\0L(JL7[^g d Koltohv ^oL^riXtKhuij -^vxhiJ ^X^' 
oi7\7\(i 7roi(TcLV yi tIw toioujtIw Sin^^ei-^i y^ n(pcLVi(ri i^ ^oLvcLTCd ^v(TKXei- 
av- dyoiiVi^d[j^(^ y^ b^ ^ihiTtTioig 7i^g Kcu(ra^ Kj 'KvlodViov v^rl^ -^ 
i7.(^ke/oLg, »9 K7\iVo{^ng t^ (pdhafy^^, aVg (pvyeiv iiTi Ka^elv cJi^iod(ragr 

dA- 
Caefar accipiens de iis qui ad ipfum venti- ginta. Filius ejus nihil eft a Csfare violatus. 
tabant, remanere Uticae Catonem, neque fu- Perhibetur hic fegnis fuilfe, nec vacafle lafci- 
gse confulere, verum alios dimittere,ipfum ve- via circa mulieres. In Cappadocia enim diver- 
ro cum amicis 8c filio intrepide ibi verfari, non fatus apud quendam ex familia regia,cui venu- 
potuit explicare ejus confilium. Quare, quod fta erat uxor,quia diutiusapud eum quamho- 
illius haberet maximum refpe£tum, cito ag- neftum foret, agebat,derifuseft a fcribentibus 
mine perrexit. Ut fatum ejus audivit, tan- in eum hsc, Cras Cato difcedet poft triginta 
tum aiunt eura dixifle,. Invideo tibi Cato dies: 8c,Porcius ScMarphadates amici duo,a- 
mortem, quando falutem mihi tuam invidifti. nimus unus : Pfyche enim nomen erat Mar- 
Namrevera fi recipere Cato a C^fare tuhflet phadatis uxwi, quod animum fignificat.Prse- 
incolumitatem, non ita fuas videtur macula- tereajGenerofus & egregius Cato regium habet 
turus fuiflie^quam illuftraturus C^faris laudes. aniraum.CiEterumomnemeammorteexpunxit 
Eventus autem in obfcuro eft, fed benignio- dc delevit notam.NaminPhilippiscontraOc- 
rem augurantur a Csfare. tavium Csfu-em & Antonium pro hbertate 

Decellit Cato annos natus duodequinqua- decertans, quum inclinata acie neque fugere,, 

O 3.. neque 



292 



K A T A N. 



i^o^fjS^ TsV (rvfjLfjSpovJagy tmG-iVy 3-cwf/,a. -^ d^iriig Toig cvuvlioig cc^» 
yodv. hi fioiAMv w S-vyoiTYi^ ra KcLTOdV^^, ars (rcaCp^crvvyigj iiTi dv^ 
^^eictg )^Aei(pQeicroL (Bf sVo) ^ (rtwm^ '^ KleivoLvJi Kou(rot^) oujTY\g Ti -^ 
(rujucdfjLO(rioLg fjLiTi^iV) k^ n^mctTo tov (iiov d^iag t' ^'^eiou; )^ ctfgriif, 
ag bi Toig ((k). BfaV« yky^i^. '^TcJLTv7\'hiog o (pnVct? fjufjLei^cu KoLtq^ 

VOLy TOTi fjSp \W T^ <Pi?\OCro(p(tiV C/KCtiXv^Y), jSa^Of/^©^ iOUUTOV clVi?\iiV' 

v<^i^v Tri" B^^Vw ^TifoVotToi' iouuTov rtt^^&)V K| ;;^^«(r;|a6)Va7oi', cm) <^i- 

7\i%%0ig dTTi&OLViV. 

neque latebras fuftineret quxrere, hoftes k- nls illius eflet confcia, vitam ut «obilitate & 

ceffivit, coramque iis qui effet declarans, ac virtute cjus erat dignum, profudit, ut in vita 

ilantes adhuc in acie incitans, cecidit magna Bruti difleruimus. Statyllius, qui Catonem x- 

virtutis fu£e apud inimicos relifta admira- mulaturum dixerat fe, invitus id temporis ma- 

tione. Multo magis filia, Catone nec ca- nus prohibitus eft a philofophis fibi inferre. 

ftitate nec fortitudine inferior. Nam quum Hic poftea inflgnem fidem & operam praebuit 

BrutonuptaCaefarisinterfe£tori,&conjuratio- Bruto, atque in Philippenfi acie ocGubuit. 





A r r 2 





Ari2 KAI KAEOMENH2. 

T K dTOTTCog Tiv\g s/ Jl (puvhdn; crvfKei^cu Tt^; t«V <^iAo- 
cfb'^»? \jZcjBi/o»crt Toy S"^ tu 'it^ion /ulv^qv, odg J^n KaCdvJi 
tIw Vi(pi?\.ltju dvti -^ "H^g, Kj t^ KivJctv^cav iiTOdg «^OyW.g- 
j/6)f. )C, ^ «TOt '^ ct^gTW? «(TTrgf «' JVaw T<^<> TM J^O^V) CTyi/- 
ovlig, aJ^gv (iT^iKSAVig a J*' ofjLoT^oyiifjSpov, a,7<hai vo^ct kou 

/JLIkIoL TTOAAot TT^TliiCriV, CL?\.7\.0Ti OiXhCig (pO^g (pi^OfjLmh C«AO<? J^ TTCtdg- 

«■<!/ gTrajtoAa^svlg?. oTTg^ ot 2oCpo>cAga? (ioTYi^ig cPn t^J" 7toi[j.vm T^iynffiv, 

TiiTo^ y^ ovJsg hcmoTcu (S\iX(^ofjSpy 
Kou 'z^cl^' dvcifKn K^ (TlOdTrOdvlodV khveiV. 

om^ dhyfyodg ol TT^og cJm^vfjLiag ox^^^ '^ o^fJuU 7rQ?\iT^ofy)ot irdyHtn, 
^nAdjovlig Kj dnoAa^^^vJig 'iva, S^nfJLCLyodyo] ;^ dsx^^viig ovofLd^Cpn^. m^d^ 



N o N asbfurde neque male compofitam qui- 
datm adveifus ambitiofos exiftimant Ixionis 
fabulam: quod fcilicet pro Junone nubem 
complexus fit, atque itageniti Centauri. Quip- 
pe cum gloria hi tanquam virtutis fimulacro 
habentes confuetudinem, nihil fincere agunt 
vel conftanter : verum alias aliis rapti ftudiis, 
& cupiditates & aemulationes fequentes alias, 
res gerunt adulterinas Sc minutas multas ; fi- 



cut Sophoclis paftores de gregibus fuis di- 
cunt, 

Servimus his qui jure nohls fuhjacent, 
^c mos gerendus his ftt ^ tacentikis. 

Quod revera illis ufu venit pro multitudinis 
libidine & appetitu qui rempub. gerunt, an- 
cillantes 6c pediflequi, ut dominatores in con- 
cionibus 6c magiftratus appellemur. Ut enim 

pro- 



294 A r I s. 

QMHVag, 3^ TO Tr^a-TCtOTOfAfJOV VTt' QMHVm 7r0i^(TlV' iiTOig oi 7roALT^O(J^Oi 
iij TT^g S^O^CLV O^C^vJi?, VTTn^iTCU 'P^ TTOhhOiV ^ «Vil', OVOfJLOL Q cL^X^vlm 

O {j8fj y) oi7rmeA^(*i\^(ti^ J^ Tihetaig dycL^og, acj^' oiv ohodg J^o^yjg (^ioi. 
TOi •JiXlw oa-n Trci^S^ov cJm Tctg vr^^etg y^ i^iai tS TTig-djs^ S^ii^mi,. vtca j 
%Ti ovu ^9 (piKoTifxcd S^oTiov >c73 T^ HotAo)!/ i^ym "^ S^o^Yj Ti m7\7\mi^^^ 
3^ KOfjLvrddcu. (pvopijm ^B cv ToHg TnKiKiiToig ou oi^iTal k^ (^AoLs-cLV'd(rcu, 
To,Ti KOLTo^^iif^ov, m (p^Ti 0go(^£^$-(^, o^^g^o^diQ Toig i7rcuvoig, }i 

TO 7\6m0V CUI^OV^ jEaJ (p^0VYlf/.OLT(^ STroU^fyiCU. TO OLyCLV, TToLvJoLxS fJ^ 

cBi(r(poL?Csg, cv q Tcug TToKiTacag (pi7\onfjLicug oAsOe/oi/. c4i(pg^« ^S eig fjLcL- 
vioLV ^ (z^(p^o(ruvluj vwcu^^ov cJ^a^rictg fJLiyoMg cBiT^oL^ofjSfJHg, otolv 
fjLYi To m7\ov ivh^ov dvcu $-i7\(t)(riv, dK7^! dyoL^ov Yiy&iT) to hio^ov ^vou, 
id(T7r^ i^v <i>miodv 7r^g 'AvJi^rctT^ov d^i^vld ti 7roL^' cwtQ 'P^ fjLn ytoLA^v, 
H (iwuct(rcu, ei7riv, df/.ct k^ (pihc^ ^cdKmi x^"^^ "^ koAolki' Tm 7\iKliov n 
ofJLOiov Ti TiiTCt) 7r^g THg TtoXX^g, Ov <PvvoL^i Tov ouuTQV ix^^ ^ d^x^vjoi 
Kj dKo7\iihv. i7rei dVfjL^cuvei yi Kj HT(dg to tQ S^^kovI^^, a (pY\(T\v o fjLv- 
6©^ tIw i^v TY\ KipcQ^ ^ci(nd(TdL(Tcty d^iSv Yiyei^ a^^ fJLie,^, vl^ fm 
«Ttct 7:oLv\og dKoKa^m cAieivn' 7\olQ^(tolv q tUju nyifJLovioLV, ouutIw Ti Kctmg 

dTCCLKKdTJiiV) dvoio. 7ro^<^OlMplw, ii^ tUv Ki(pOLAluJ KOLTCt^CUVetV, TV(pAo7? 

KCU. 

jjroretx, qnamvis ca qu£e ante curfutn funt, in' civilibus ambitionibus eft perniciofum : 

•prorpeftent melius quam gubernatores, refpi- aufert enim in infaniam &c furorem manifef' 

<eiunt tamen illos,atque ab iis exequuntur im- tum eos qui poteftatem funt magnam adep- 

perata: perinde qui rempub. tra£tant,8c glo- ti, quum non, honeftum quod eft, volunt ef- 

riam fpeftant, miniftri funt pjebis, licet ap- fe gloriofum, fed quod eft gloriofum, idem 

pellatione fruantur magiftratuum. bonum ducunt. Sicut igitur ad Antipatrum 

Nam confummatus quidem 8c plene bo- Phocion poftulantem ab fe rem parum ho- 

nus. nihil omnino requirat gloriam, nifi qua- neftam, Non vales, inquit, Phocionem ami- 

tenus aditum per autoritatem ad res gerendas cum fimul & adulatorem habere : hoc , vel 

tribuat. At juveni etiamnum 8c gloris cu- fimile quid ad multitudinem dicendum fit,, 

pido, ex honeftis fafbis nonnihil conceden- Non poteftis eundem habere & ducem 6c af^ 

dum fit gloriari atque (ek venditare: fiqui- feclam. Quandoquidem tunc eveniat idem 

dem nafcentes in ea ietare 6c fuppuUulantes quod draconi : cujus refert fabula diffidentem 

virtutes, ut Theophraftus autor eft, re£le a capite caudam, viciflim poftulavifle ut ipfa 

faftorum fulciuntur laudibus, adolefcuntque praeiret, neque perpetuo illud fequeretur : ac* 

in reliquum animis fimul kCe efferentibus. cepto vero ducendi munere, cum ipfam vexar 

imraodicum vero, cum ubique lubricumj tuia tara fuifle, quod ftulte inftitueret iter, tum ca? 



A r I :s. n-.- 



jr£^V ^^ctg^iv cLncivJcL 7to7\iTd)0f^cdv o^odfy) TTiTroy^oTcig. cJ^A^TYicrA; yd^ 
cuJT^? o;^A&)y eiKi) (ps^of^pav, at^' cLvaT^ci^eiV yVsfoi/ «(r^' d^g-«(7a« r/ty 

dTCi^ictV i^UJUYi^YlG-CLV. TCLVTCt Q «^Iv «V tZm) r2^^ T^f TtOlKXm (^o'^aV 27r«A- 

J9-gv «Trfji/, cM^vonVaciv Y\7\iKlw g;^« S)jvciy.iv c/a 'f^ Ti^2e^'&) jt, rctiw roTi? 
r^';t;^o(^ (TVfJL7^i<Tov\m. ^g KctKXi^^a f^ (pvvJag, KclhAig-ct q T^(piv\cLg^ 
}ict70\i<^huu -^ 7ro7\iTeioLg \W^so-ti/ 7\a.^o)^aq-> ct7r&)'Ago-gi/ y;:^;^ bT6)? c^Ou- 
jitja cJ^oIm? (x.fjLeT^(B^, &)V cpo^©^ oL^o^iag qm 7r^Q(pci(Twg ^k d-^vig _7ti^ 
(pvKOdg. fjLiyci7\lw ^ (Sovoiav 7r^o(ret7\n(poTig c^^ Tm ^toAit^Vj -ijo^vv^iwav 
ifKaTa7\i7reiv, m7ti^ X^^^- a^tAAw^oi q ctei 7ro7\nSSfjLa(ri ^^^nfol? rotV 
Tt/^ct? v7ri^^ci7\7\iSrou, k^ TifJLOdfyjoi fjLd7\7\ov cJ^ m i7ro7\iTd)Qpio Kvxatt^^ 
fjSpo^g, yy tStqv tqv t^7Iqv '/oti (pi7\QTi,fJncL 7f^g ti tov ^nfjLov icwT^g, kcu 
Tov SiifjLov 7i^og kojuT^dg QMKavaavlig, i7\a^ov d^^df^oi 7v^yfjLdT(t)V cv ofg 
t^kW Iw To, l7rei fjLYi Ka7\ov, cd^^v i)<^t) T07rd(ra^cu. TavTa fAfj \kv 
cBiKeAveig avTog cm "^ (^iYiyYKnoig. (W^^d7\(i)i^j avTolg AaKOdViKov ^iv- 
y(^ ^fjLay(i)y&v, "Aytv ^^ K7\iofMivlw tbV (ia(Ti7\eig. k^ ^ ^toi tov S)r\fjLQV 
Oiv^ovlig, uxTTri^ i/KeiVQh ^ 7fo7\iTeiav Ka7\luj ^ ^iKcuav QAiK7\i7\oi7r{jjav 7ro~ 
Ai)f ^^'foi/ dva7\afJL^dvQv\ig-, of/,oiodg d^tYix^dvovlo Toig ^ujuaToig, fJLYi |3y- 
hofj^oig d(peivcu tIw (tuuyi^yi 7i7\ioVi^iav. dJ^iK^o) fAp ^v ^k vKrav d7\7\Y\~ 
A6)i/ ol AdKOdVig, (Tvf^^^g o yy dh7\(pYig i^-^avlo 7ro7\iTeiag, d^x^ Toiav- 

tIw 7\a^Qv\ig. 

'ETFet 

put lacerafle, quod membra furda & caeca honores vincere, & ob eas coluntur magis, 

fequi cogeretur contra naturam. Idem cerni- itaque pari certamine & fefe erga populum, 

mus multis, qui rempublicam ubique geffe- Sc erga fe inflammant populum : in eas delati 

runt populariter, accidifle : quum cnim mul- res imprudentes funt, ubi jam non erat illud 

titudini temerefejaftanti addixifl^ent fe,neque dici quod folet, 

revocare pofl:, neque fifl:ere potuerunt confu- ReSlum licet nonfit, turpe efl defiflere. 

fionem. Hjec nobis in mentemvenere contra Hxc vero fl:atues ipfc ex narratione. Cumhis 

popularis laudis ftudium referre, confideranti- contendamus Laconicum popularium homi- 

bus quid valeat ex cafibus Tiberii 8c Caii Grac- num par, Agim & Cleomenera reges:etenim 

chorum : quos optima praeditos indole, opti- quia populum hi, ficut illi, inftituerent ampli- 

me eduftosjoptimoetiam ad rempublicam ge- ficare, egregiaque rcipublicx inftituta 6c jufta 

rendam ingreflbs inftituto, convulfit non ita reducere diu exoleta, xque oflFenderunt po- 

enormis gloriac aviditas, ut metus infamise ex rentes, qui afluetam insequalitatem civilemde- 

non improba natus occafione. Provocati enim ^ treftabant relinquere. Germani quidem inter 

xnagno favore a civibus, erubuerunt, velut fe hi Lacones non fuerunt, at congeneres 8c 

aere alieno obftri£ii, eos fruftraii. Dum vero germanas in repubhca aftioncs fufceperunt, 

<;ertant aflidue egregiis aftionibus delatos fibi hujufcemodi capto exordio. 



296 A r I s. 

'Em] TfoL^miJv tf^c^tov elg tIuu ttoMv d^yv^a kcu x^v(rQ !jiA(^, jcod 
c-iwwoK\i&im tQ 7r7\>iTH t« /w^) >c]«a-« nMovi^ici -^ iu.i}c^Myiciy rw 3 yen- 
«r« Kj )hroXcw(T€i Te,vi^Yi k^ (JLa7\ciy.lci v^ TroXvTiKeta' t^ 7rA«V&)i' cJlim^nv 
a S^rtfTj^ m7\m >9 Tct7r«t/ct n^TJaG-oL Tra^' d^icLv ^kiTiKa, luixeA 'PW 
X^^^v C4£«y&)v c-f oF? "Ayi? )^ AiCi)vi(^cig i^cKriT^^oy. '' ky\,q fjSf Ev^vnoiivi' 
^r,g, iij EvJ^afjiiS^ct TTcug, licl^ )>m 'Ay«o-tAaa Ta hcLtcivl^^ elg tLuj 'A(ri- 
av, y^ fjiiyi^ov 'E7\7\ljuuodv cTM^wQgi^©-'. Iw ^ ' Ayna-ihcin fjSp, ' A^x^t^^f^^y- 
6 fs^ Mctvi^mov T' 'iTahioLg tjzer» MioyctTrioov ^hn^^avc^v. ' Aex^i^diJUd J^g 
Tr^ga-^i/Vef©- \^ qoV "Ay<?, Ey«)^flt^/J^«? q, i/gwVg^©-', oV, "Ay^^ •csjq 
'AvJiTTciT^ii fs^ Miycthlw ttoAiv dvM^SivJ(^ dTm^, tIw (^ao-iKeloLV g^g. 
TiiTH 5, 'A^x^S^^f^^y 'A^x^i^df^^ 0, gTgf(^ EvS^afjiiiagy Evi^afjciia o,, 
''Ayi^, &%' b Tctcl^g yiy^-K). Aimiiag % KAe&)j/J^a, t^ juSJu iTi^g o\~ 
niccg Iw 'AyidJ^ng' oyio(^ 3 'b^M Uouxravi^ tS vmcrav\(^ 'cjv Il7\aTaj.oug 
fJidx^ Ma^ioviov. Tloujtraviag 7) i^ov t^s TlAei^c^vaiilai U7\et90dva^ o Uouj^ 
(raviav. « (pvyov](B^ eig Tsyiav 'qm AayaS^oufjLov^Sy, o, Te 7r^i(rCvTi^(^ tjoV 
'AyY)(ri7i:o7\ig i^a(TiKdj<Ti> v^ t^th Ti7\6bTn(Tav\(B^ dTiKva, KhiojUL^^T^ 
viCdTi^(^> C46 ¥s.Kiofx^^Tii-> nd7\iv d7<7\(^ 'AymiTroXig Iw, Kj KAgo/j6^uV. 
m 'Aym7ro7\ig ju^' aVg «^|g ^roAvV ;:t^^'fov, «Vg TJidiS^ag 'i%i' K7\ioij9fng j. 
P>a(ri7\dj(rag {J^ ' Ayyj^riTrohiv, tov i^ ^r^ic-^vTe^v '^ q&)t/ 'Ax^TaTov iTt, 
^m d7ti^a7\i' viodTi^ov 5 K7\idiyvfj.ov KaTiKimv, og «x 'i^a^rihdxnv, d^A 
"'A^^g, v[C>)Vog (^v K7\io[^iig. 'A^oTdTa q ijoV "A§d)g. "A^icag q 7ri(ro]i\(^ 

Poftquam in civitatem Spartanam femel ir- Eudamidas Agis, dc quo hic agimus. Leo- 

i;epfit auri 6c argenti admiratio, coraitataque nidas Cleonymi, alterius fuit familix Agiar 

cft divitiarum pofTeflionem avaritia 6c for- des, o£tavus a Paufania, qui apud PlattEas 

desj ufum earum & fruitionem, luxus, mol- JVIardonium acie vicit. Nam filium Paufa- 

litia, £c profufio: bonis eft Sparta plurimis nias Pliftonaftem habuit, Pliftonax Paufa- 

nudata, Sc diu indigne abjefta jacuit, ufque niam : quo ex Laceda;mone folum exilii cau- 

in illam diem qua Agis 8c Leonidas regnave- fa Tegeatn vertente, major ftirpis filius reg- 

runt. Fuit Agis Eurytionides 6c Eudamidse navit Agefipolis : hoc fine fobolc extinftoy 

filius, ab Agefilao, qui expeditionem in Afi- Cleombrotus minor. Cleombrotiis rurfus a- 

am fecit, 6c plurimum polluit ex Grascis, lium Agcfipolim 6c Cleomencm edidit: ex 

fc?xtus. Agefilai Archidamus filius fuit, qui quibus Agefipohs nec diu regnavit, nec ftir- 

in Italia apud Mandonium fuic a Meflapiis pem habuit. Cleomenes, qui obtinuit poft 

interfeftus. Archidami major filius Agis, Agefipohm regnum, filium natu majorem 

Eudamidas minor; qui, Agide apud Mega- etiam fuperftes Acrotatum araifit: Cleony- 
lopolira ab Antipatro occifo, nullis relidtis * raum reliquit minorem, qui regnum non 

liberis, rcgnum obtinuit. Hujus fuit Archi- tenuit, fed nepos Cleomenis Areus Acro- 

damus filius, Archidami alter Eudamidas, tati filius. Cicfo ad Connthum Areo, 



A r I :2 



297 

<etfef Koe^y^oVi ijoV wf 'A^oTciT^^, tIw (hua-iKeiuy xdTi^vj. d-ni^Mii 3 "^ 
ar©-', «V7«5-«V f^cix^ ^^ Miycthlw nohiy \W ' Ke^^^oi^YifjL^d ra Tu^^^f^, 
mTctMTTUV ifwfjLovcL tIw yiLuoum' TTcuSia i) ot.ppgi/(^ 'j^ofjSfJiiy AimiS^aq 
YiMmvfJL>i tLuu cJmTe^TTnv e^gi/. «r«, 7re/j/ cm/ rihulaL •^Si^, Ti7\djTY\(Tctv~ 
r©-', ^V&)? «V ow^Voi/ M ^oi(Tiheict f!^tM\hhiVt a 7rcii/y rolj TTohlTcte; djoi^fjLo- 

^OV OvlcL. KOUTTi^ ^ CMKiK.Al>iOTCt)V i)ii) TM cTiCt^^fio^i^ T^ TIoTKlTdjfJLClT^^ OfXCL- 

7\&g dndvlaiVj Iw ng h 'm AiOdviS^ct V^ TTctT^c^oiiv cBi(pcivng cAiS^icuTnirig, 
OLTi (^ri X^^°^ ^KivS^niB^JCd TToXvv cv oLuAcug (ra.T^7ny.ciig, j^ Ti^^e^.nSjy.oTi 
2gA<^xoi/' moL Tov hii^ev oFkov eig 'EAaIwikcI ii^yfJLcLTCL v^ vofJHfJLov dex^^ 

«Pi kfifi^.7\£g fJ,iTCIL(^ie$v\i. 

'O i) ''Ayig iiTCd ttoKv 7rcie,y\?<hOLT\iV dJcpvici k^ <Pe$vnfJ.cLTi '^/vyj^g « fj.o- 
yov tQtov, d7\7\cL ^itS^ov dTTCLvlag ocro( fHT 'AymiTKdov tov fxiyoLV i^cKri- 
7\^crciVy odCTT^ fiYiTTCt) y^yov^g eiKo^ov sr(^, Q^i^<^fj,i^(^ q 7r7^aVoi? ;^ 
T^vCpdig ytwcuKuv, -^ Ti fJ.nTeJg 'AynTis-^.TOLg, Kj ■^ fj,dfj,fj,Yig ' Aex'-^^- 

(ttW, CM 117\^<^CL X^^f^CLTCt AoLKiicUfJ,OvicdV CMiKllwlo, TT^g Ti TfX? Yjhvdg 

<^^vg ct^to^ygicrac^, ^ to fjn oJ^Tp^cu fj.d7\i'^aL tm ;:^ct6/T{ -^ fLoe^Cbngt 
&)£^i'c"^oi/ ioK^v\cJ. (^(md(rcLg Ta cr&)'^aT(^, k, nd(TOLV onS^vg k^ S^LoLCpv- 

yUV 7t0KVTi7\HOiV-, \fKOL7\7.0^7lilj,^OU 72i) Te/J^6)Vt'(i), )^ cTf^Tri/Ot >C, 7\iiT^ K^ (^l- 

cuTCLg AcLKOdViKdg (JiTft»' -Kj 7\iyeiv c^g aJ^si/ iiono -^ ^0L<ji7\dcj.g ei fxn <it. 
cwTov dvoLT^Yi^^o^iio T»V vofj.iig -^ Tnv TidTejLov dyc^ynv. 

' A^X^^ PP ^^ <i^oL<p^o^g Kj Ta vo(reiV i^i Td 7r^yfj.oLTOL t^^ Aolk^- 
icufj.ovicidv, f^iov d<p' » Tnv 'A^Uvcucov KcLToL7\v(yoLvlig nyifxovioLV, x^^^'^^ 

Tg 

regnum ad Acrotatutn ejus filiura defcendit : Agefilao magno rcgnaverunt prope omnes, ut 

qui etiam in prcelio apud Megalopolim ab A- quum nondum vigefimum JEtatis annum ex- 

riftodemo tyranno fufus cecidit, uxore relic- ceffilTet, & enutritus efiet in opibus 6c deli- 

ta prsegnante. Virilis fexus ftirpe edita, Cle- ciis muliebribus matris Agefiftrata; & Archi- 

onymi filius tutor Leonidas fuit. lUo ante damiic avijc, qux in Laceda;moniis erant pe- 

pubertatem defunfto ita regnum ad hunc re- cuniofiffimx, ftatim voluptatibus bellum ia- 

cidit, non admodum civibus fuis commodum. dixerit, ac ne indulgeret eximice formx ve- 

Quamvis enim omnibus jam ob reipub. cor- nuftati, detrafto qui adefl^e videbatur corpori 

ruptelam juxta defleftentibus, crat tamen ve- fuco, cultuque exuto & rejefto omni magni- 

terum inftitutorum in Leonida confpicua e- fico, in palliolo fefe oftentaret, ccenas, bal- 

normitas. Ncmpe diu in aulis fitrapicis vo- nea, victum Laconicum quxreret: jaftaret- 

lutatus fuerat, 6c fequutus Scleucum : mox que nihil defiderarc regnum fe, nifi leges 

faftum inde in Grxcorum rempubhcam & id per fe & majorum inftitutiones reciperer. 
legitimum rcgnum parum fcite tranftulit. Incunabula quidem corruptionis £c morbi 

Agis vero ita longe exceffit indole & mag- refpub. habuit Laccdxmoniorum,ab eo fcrme 

nitudine animi non hunc modo, fed 6c qui ab tempore quo everfo Athenienfiumimperiore- 

VoL. IV. Pp pleye' 



298 



A r I S; 



Ti j^ d^yv^^ mTi7rXY\(rciv icwTii?. a fjLlw «AAct jtj tov ohov ov Ayx»^- 

7©^ UeA(r& (pVhOLTJeiV TOV cieA^jLlOV QM TCUg ^CLi^OXCU^j >9 TrctT^? TTOU^i 

T09 iihYi^v )Km?Ki7Tov]<^, cipLmyi%m « ra|<? ouuty) v^ i<rorn? S^MiJ^waL 
■tIw TTo^hiv 'qm '^'^ eihX(t)V civiCpi^iV dfiu^Ty]jLioiTOdV. i(po^<^(rct(; H Tig dvYt^ 
^wuoLTog, cw^dJ^rig q k^ ^aJNiiTog tov t^ttov, 'EmTdJ^t^g ovofJLct, w^g tov 
ifoi/ CLUT^ 'j^oySpy^g S^kOL^po^g-, pnT^v iy^^^iVy S^eivou tov o])iov ouutQ k. 

TOV K?S)^V 6J Tig l^iXol -^ lj£lv\cL (^SVOU Kj, mT0L?\l7reiV (^lOLTMfAlJOV. 8t(^ 

ju5/j bv cujtQ Tivd ^vfjLov 'SmnifjLTTXdg l<^iov, d^rlwifu tov vofjLov' o\ 3 ctA- 
Aoi 7r?\sovi'^ioLg mm h^df^oi Kj Kv^oicroLvJig, dTTCdAi^roLV tIuj dejL^lw m- 
Td<Facriv. cmI^vJo y) d<peiS£g y\S\\ TTOL^cd^QvJig ol S^ujuolto] raV 7r^(rmoy\a.g 
cjn t^ S^idSoxSiV' K, TOLX^ T' ^7roeJLOLg «V oKiyng (riippy«V>j?, ttsviol tIw 

TTOAiV }iOLTi<^iV, dviX(hQie^OLV T^ XaAft)V >^ d<^0?\ioLV cMl(pi^ii(roL fX^ (^doW 

%j (^v(riJ^eiOLg vr^g raV ix^^'^^- d7ri?\ei(p^n(roLV af i7fJoLK.oa-m 8 7r?\eiovsg 
^TTOi^TidTcu, ^ T^Tm idodg hoLTov Y\(rcf.v o\ ylw }ieK}y)fSpoi ^ K?Kiiesv' Q 
ttAA©^ ox?\©-' d^ro^Q^ Kj dTifJL(^ CJV r« 7roAf< Trotfg^fctdnro, rbV fBp t^od- 
3-iv 7To?\ifJL\ig d^yodg Kj dT^p^hvfJLOiig dfJuwoinp<^, det J^s nvoL kou^v c%r«- 

§COV fJLSTOL^0?\r)g K^ fJ.STOL<Td(rSCi)g T&V TTOL^vlodV.. 

Aid TCUUTOL (Sri KCL?\ov 6 "Ayig, co^rTTi^ Iw, 7roiiii^(^, <^i(r£crcu il dvct" 
7rA«f(W{7o« t!w 7roAiv, s^ret^To t£v dv^^od^roiv. o\ f^ ^v vioi tol^v Kj ttol^ 
2X7riSag vTrmnav ouutw, k^ (rvuuaTTiSvdavlo 7r^og Tnv d^sTnv, odooji^ ii^ri- 

i TCL 

pleverunt fe auro 5c argento. Verum quum potentiores, propinquos pellentes fucceflio- 

retinerentur tamen fortes h^reditatum, qua- nibus, brevique, opulentia ad paucos conflu- 

rum Lycurgus fervari in fucceflionibus nume- ente, occupavit civiratem inopia, qua:, ex- 

rum fanxir, & pater filio fortem fuam relin- pullis bonis artibus, occupationem illibcra» 

queret: idem ordo & aequalitas utcunqueper- lem traxit fecum in fordidis cum invidia & 

manens, civitateni ex aliis allevavit peccatis. odio locupletium. Superaverunt ergo non 

Ut veroEphorus fuitvir fiftiofus quidcm,fcd phis feptingenti Spartiats, atque horum fu- 

praefra6tis 6c acerbis tnoribus, Epitadeus no- erunt fortaffe centum qui agrum & fortem 

mine: hic fimultate ei cum fiho exorta, rhe- tcnerent: rehqua turba inops & abjefta refi- 

tram promulgavit, jus ut cuique eflct hnere- debat cum ilHs in urbe. H;£c &: bella foris 

ditatem fuam & fortem, cuicunque vellet, &: illata ignaviter fegniterque propellebat, & 

jntervivos donandi, & relinquendi teftamen- femper opportunitatem aliquam captabat mu- 

to. Atqne hic quidem, quo ira; fu^ privata; tationis ac rerum novarum. 

hidulgeret, eam tulit legem : quam avaritia Quapropter operce pretium, ut erat, exifti- 

confultrice comprobantes & fcifcentes alii, mansAgisextequare atque itafrequentarecivi- 

optimam conftitutionem convulfere. Nam tatem,animospericIitatusefi:Givium. Acjuven- 

citra deleftum jam poffcffiones qiu-erebant tusraoxpra:tcrfpemprxbenseiaures, accinxit 

fe 



A r I 2;. 299 

TCt T>)f ^iaiTCi^ STt' ih^^ieioL CVfJifJLiTa.^^CthTxOvlig. TCdV Q Tt^ifT^VTl^m-t CLTi 

JV) :Toppw (^icKp^o^? yiyovoTCiiVj (TiWiQcvM Tolg 7rA«Vot?, oiVTrg^ cBi hr- 
ttotIuj ciyoi£){JHg 0% S^^crfj,^ hhivou >^ T^ifjiCiV tov AvKQ^yov. j^ xctO«7r- 
roylo ra ''Kyi^^ 6h^f.Sfii tcjL nct^ovlcJL no^yfJLctTciy )^ ro TrcLhouov ol^i- 
iifjLcL -^ STTctfrw cBino^Qv]<^. Aixrav^e,^ 3 A/^yl^, j^ MoivJ^^xAe/- 
cTa? 'E?t^oti/»?j 'gV( 'AyncTjAci©^, ctTrih^civJo Kj (rvf/Trci^c^^fjLmoLV ouutQ 
rnv (piAoTifjLiciv. yiv AvcravS'^^ f^ c^ o^o^^) f/.cl?\i?-ct Tm TToXiTOdVy 
HAVtS^^^heiS^oLg > hivoTOLT(^ 'EAhYivcav w^yfjLctTcx. crvdK^cLa-OL^, x. ro 
(Ttw&Tov tQto j^ SoM^ov TohfjLin fiifJLiyiB{Jov ixony' ' AyYiTiKaov f^, 5-«oi» 
0^1«. r« |3oto-<Agft)? >9 ^twcLToV HTreiv, aAA&)? q ficthoDiov j^ (|)<Ao;^^!i^c!- 
roy, iia^Joivto? (uV ^' M<^'^ 'l7r7ro^sJ^6)i^ cAciva xcw TToL^i^oLppujUiV, <SoS^omfi^ 

CV TTOTKMlig TroTKifJLOig OLVy)^, X.CU fJLiyCJL h' ^VOICLV TOdV ViOdV S'UJUOL^ij(^' « 3 
dhYj^^g civcL%eicTCi(TClL TOV 'AyrKTiXCLOV CUtIcJL Tm W^TJof^OiiV (jLiTAo^eiVy 
6(p7\.y)fJLOLTOiiV 7rA«0(^ JIV, toV y)X7ril\v cl-KCLKhcLymi^^ fJLlTCL^cLhXCjJV TW TTO- 

hiTeiav. wV av Tchx}<^a 7i:eo(TY\ycLyiTo tQtov 6 "Ayt^, <l»Oi/V 0^*^;:^«^« |W,gr' 
oujtS tyiV fiYiTi^. TTei^eiV, dhhcpYiv «(rav ra 'Ayjio-tAotb, 7rAy)0« q TrgAot- 
rtof JC£M (|)/a&)v ;ccm ;^^€&)<r<y v ^weyct hjjuat^lw cv rw 7ro A«, xom 7roAAct t^:/ 

H0tt/61V haTT^TlofdfUv. 

'H Q ci}i^(Ta(Ta, To f^ tt^Stov oJ^iTrhciyy], k.ou KaTiTrouui to fLei^moVy 
wV aVs ^vuuaTm aVg hva-iTi7\£v i(piif^ov' ivrei q rctrJrct jw^J 'Ay«(ri- 
Aa©^ Ihi^a^TKiv fit)V ;4ctA&)'? g^« xo« 7r^.^^n(Ti^ (TVfjL(pie,ov\odg, avTog 3 

<3ct- 

fe ad virtutem, veftis modo vitam libertatis parebat quidem, fiHus Hippomedon excita- 

caufa mutans. Majoribus vero natu, ut qui vit erexitque, multis bellisvir clarus, atque ob 

prove£ti ad corruptionem erant, accidit ple- juventutisin ipfum ftudiumprazpoUens.C^te-. 

rifque, velut ad dominum ex fuga retrafti ut rum vera caufa quic ad hujusnegotiifocictatem 

timerent & expavefcerent Lycurgum. Ita- impulit Agefilaum,a£ris alieni magnitudo fuir, 

que infectabantur deplorantem reipub. ftatum quo converfione reipub. fpcrabat fe fublevatuni 

Agim, ac veterem dignitatem Spartx defide- iri. Ut primum igitur huncadjunxit fibiAgis, 

rantem. At Lyfander Libyis filius, 6c Man- illico matrera inducere ejus fororem, adhibi- 

droclidas Ecphanis, infuper Agcfilaus, pro- to Agefilao, aggreditur. H^ec clientium, arai- 

bavenint extimukveruntque ftudium ejus. E- corum, 8c debitorum numero, magnas in civita- 

rat Lyfandri fumma apud cives autoritas : teopeshabebat, multaque tranfigebatinrepub. 

Mandroclidas ad confilia adornanda Gricco- Qiia re audita, obftupefcere illa primum, ac 

rum folertiftimus, prudenMamque hanc & a- comprimerc adolefcentem tanquam impolli- 

ftutiam temperatam audac-a habebat: Age- bilia & damnofa affectantem. Ut vero do- 

filaum, regis avunculum 8c eloquentem vi- cuit Agefilaus facile hiec confici & magno 

rum, de CiCtero moUem 8c avarum, ut ap- cum frudlu pofie, ipfe autem obfecravit rex: 

Pp i ge- 



5CO A r I s. 

ficicri?Jjg iJ^eiro t* fJLnT^og cJmi^Svcu Tr^og H^ol^i avi^ ^^ (pihOTifJiicL}) top 
TiK^TOVy 6)V ;^^«'/t^ao-i f^' y <^ujuctf^(^ Tr^g raV aAAa? ^cidiKeig o^ia-«- 
^luucu' (TaT^-nm ^ oiKsVot?, j^ cTaAy? SmT^-KCt^v UToKifjLcua yi 2gA<^W 
UKla^ TrXeiovd (rvfjLTfctvJcov ojulS t^o' cm; I^TToL^ri) ^acrihim' sdv q (rodCp^^ 
cru/jn -iij KiTOTnTi Kj fXiycLho^^vxict Tclg cMetvn v7r€^^oLh7\ofjSp(^ Te^v<pcLg,. 
WoTnToL jif }C0iV6dvioLV KCiTOL^iWn Tolg TToKiTcug, ovofJLCL ;^ i^oB^AV wg OLKYjS-COg 
^acTiKwg fJLiycLh-a kIyi<toi^(^' iiTO) fJLiTima-ov Toug yvodfjLoug cu yujuouKig, 
VZOT -^ cpiKoTifiicLg 27roL^^ei(rou ra vsoLvicrKii, ^ to^toujtyi H.OLTi.t^i^moLV olov 

cJ^TTVoioL TT^g TO KUKOV, (^dTl TOV \^ ^' KyiV <TUtJi^oe^fJLU.V yi^ dUIJimTCL'/})- 

mv-, fJLiTcLTiifjjToi^ oig T^g (piK^g cz^KcLKeivj k^ Toug oLKKoug S^ioLKiys^ 
yujJcuQvj cLt^ ^n t«V AoLKi^cufj.ovi<ig (^^oLf^uag KaTYiKoag ovJag oiei t^ 
yuvaiK^v, K^ 7r?'.fiov cMeivcug '^ i^nfJ.odim, n t^ IS^im ouuToig noKviv^y- 
fjLoveiv ^i-i^ovlag- nv q tot^ t£v AaKmiKm rrKiiTm qjd Toug yuMou^i to 
vrKei^g^ov, j^ tSto Tnv tt^^iv tw "AyiS^i Svaie^yov kou x^^h^Trnv lyroincrev.. 
clvli<Fn(rav y) cu yujucuKig, S fxovov T^v^ng QMitiiflii^rcu <^i cLTrei^KaKiau 
^(^cujLLovi^QfjS^lwy olKKol k^ TifLnv K^ S^wucLfj.iv, nv QJK tQ TT^jnTeiv ma^Ttivloy 

C(^K07f]of£flw CUJTaV 6^0) (TCU. KCU 71 ^g TOV Asmi(SaV T^TTOfjSpcU, TTCt^g- 

kclKhv ovJa jT^id^vTi^v cJhKafL^cLVi^ ra "Ayi<S(B^, k^ tol Tr^-ilofyia cTi- 
aK^?^veiV. g(?aAsTo juS/j i^v o AimiSag Tolg 7rK^crioig ^on^elv' hhcdg q Th 
^nfMov (Mi^vfjiQvla t' fJLiTa^oKrtg, acTgi/ cLvliTr^Tli (pave^cdg, xd^^. q rh 

genirricem, ut opcs fuas fibi ad gloriam 8c effe, plufque de negotiis publicis cum illis, 

decus comparandun^ condonaret : nam pecu- quam fecum illas commimicare de privatis, 

nia quidem non pofle fe cum aliis conferri re- Erant autem id temporis fere penes mulie- 

gibus: (quippe fatraparum famulos & fervos resopes Laconicx: id quod Agidi coeptadif- 

Ftolemsi & Selenci procuratorum plusquam ficilioraSc laboriofiora reddidit. Siquidem in- 

cunftos Spartanos regcs poffidere) quod fi terceflcrunt mulieres, non modo quia deli- 

teraperantia & frugalitate & magnitudine a- cias amittebant, ob ineptias, in quibus fum- 

riimi illorum pracvalens luxui, exiequationem mum bonum virtutis ignoratione colloca- 

& communicationem conllituifiet bonorum bant, verum etiam quod honorem 6c poten- 

civibus, nomen fe regis vere magni paratu- tiam, quam cx divitiis obtinebant, viderent 

rum: ita flex£e hse muliercs fententia funt, ab dctrahi fibi. Ita ad Leonidam confugiunt, 

adolefcentis erefts: ambitione, tantoque oc- adhortanturque eum, ut qui natu fit ma- 

cupatce quafi afflatu ad virtutem, ut ultro jor, reprimat Agim, & quas in manibus il- 

exltimularent Agim, eique calcar addercnt, le habeat, impediat. Cupiebat quidem ad- 

adh;EC amicos accitos adhortarentur, aliafque eiTe Leonidas locupletibus, fed cupidum re- 

appcllarent mulieresj ncmpe fciebant uxo- rum novarum populum formidans nihil pro- 

ribus ftmper Laced«monios didto audientes palam adverfibatur : verum clam moliebatur 

coepta 



A r I 11. 3CI 

Tr^^iy iljiTet mKH^yei]/ kcu (S^ia^p^ei^eih cvJvfxclmv Toig a^%a(7f, kou S^ici' 
^dT^hav rov ''Ayiv, cdg rv^vvi^^ jULiSrov rolg %tVY](Ti rct rm TtKH^rim 'n^- 
reivovlcty kou yr^g (jnrciS^o^iV-, ycct). x^^^^ d^pidiVj TroAAaV oiv^^ov iouurcS 
^o^vCpo^agt a TM 'ETrct^rTii TroT^irag' 

Ov (jLYiV d7\7\(i (^ia7r^.'^ctf^(^ o "Aytg t(po^v ^i^ rov Avaavi^e^oVy 
^^vg eiQ-iips^iV iouirS ^nr^v eig rQg yi^oiJJag' ng nv Ki<pct7\cucty x?^^^ t^ 
d(pi^Y\vou r^g o(peiAovictg, -^ q yng dvctS^ct^eitrngj TYiv f^ ^W t« xctrct 
Jli70\Y\vhuu X'^&'''^^^ ^€5^ "^^ Tavyirov kcu MctAgai', kcu. EiKhcL^rl' 
av j K7\Yi^iig «^et^ nr^Ki^i^^ing mvlaKodi^g' rviv iJ gjw, fXveJ.^ag iriv- 
raKi^ihiiig' kou ravra (^ rolg onKo^Po^eiv (hvafjSfoig rm ^zsbioiKav (jh- 
^^Y]Vou' rnv q cvlog, avrolg ^Tra^naroug. dva7r7\y}^(ii^yivou q nirag iK rt 
(Z^oiKOdv Kou ^ivctiv, odoi T^o(^y]$' fXiri<>)(Y\Korig i7\SjheJ-^ Kcu X(i^T(^, a A- 
A6)? rolg (TU){JLa(ri kou ;tot9' YihiKiav dKfJid^ovlig div' (iiujra^iv q TbVffli/ «V 
'Kiv\iK(jui.hKa %)i^ (pii^ina, kJ rir^K0(ri'6g kou i^iaKOdiag, kcu hourav h- 
«^01* 04 Ti^yovoi S^iairdSJl. 

Y^(pei(rY)g o r' j>Yir^g, kcu r£v yi^vlonv eig rauro rdtg yvafxaig « 
avfjL(pie,oiB{j(tiV, cy)iK7\Y)(riav (Tvvayaym o AyVcti/J^^(^, ouurog n i^nXix^-/] 
roig nohircug^ kou MavJ^^oKT^eiJ^ag kui ' AyY\(ri7\a^ ihovjo juy) J\' ohiya; 
ovJ^v(po^v}ag avrolg, djkAiieiv ij)f>iiJ.f^ov ro d^iodfJLa r' 'ZTrd^rng' dh7\oL 
r&v TT^ori^OiiV x^^'^!^ fJLVnfJ-oviv^rou-, rnv- (pi7\ox^yifJ.o(rujulw, cog ohiS-e^ov 
TM STTct^Tvi, (pvhdrJi^t, haKiXSjof^oiv^ "^ ^ ivalx!^ ^^ Ua^ri^pdag- 

cceiptti kbefaftare Sc convellcre, appellando tur ex finitimis peregrinis, qui liberaliter 

magiftratus, 8c Aginr criminando tyrannidis & ingenue inilituti forent, prarterea £Eta- 

mercedempauperibusdivitum fortunasobjicc- te atque robore florereiic ; ut autem ii in 

re, agrique communicationem, & tabulas no- quindecim contribuerentur convivia, par- 

vas, quo multos autoraret fibi fatcllites, non tim quadrageni, partim duccni in fiu' 

Sparta; cives. gii!a: item viftum more raajorum habe- 

Verum cDimvero quum effeciflet Agis ut rent. 
Epliorus Lyfander crearetur,extemplo rctulit Hac promulgata rhctra, quum fenatus fen- 

rhetram fuam ad fenatum. Hujus capita c- tentiis diffideret, advocavit Lyfander populi 

rant, ut objeratis ass alienum remitteretur, concilium : ubi 8c ipfe dilTeruit, £c JVkndro- 

atque ager divideretur: cujus quod intraPel- clidas Agefilaufque oraverunt populum, ne 

lenes vallem, Taygecum, Malcam, 8C; Sellafi- permittercnt ut per paucos qui ipfum ob de- 

am eft, in quatuor millia quingentas fortes licias fuas deludant, civitatis Spartanje con- 

fecavetur: quod ultra eos limites, in quinde- culcaretur majeftas: fed in fuperiorum ora- 

cim milliaj atque has finitimis, qui arma fer- culorum revocarentur memoriam, monenti- 

re poflent, dividerentur: qus intra illos ter- um , avaritiam ut tanquam peflem Spar- 

minos fint, ipfis Spartiatisi hi ut lupplcrcn- tse declinarent: illorum quoque recenti- 



ura 



go2 A r I s. 

k^]/ UdG-i^oLcig ^ (JLCJLvlim Iw bi Sci?KCiuloug TifjLc^^ov, riii Ting fj^ 
Wo-^Qa-i T^ 'ArAoLvlii^oiV fjLictv bcctf '^ h AioV tov ^' AfXfJLOdvoL T&Ketv' 

TiVig Q KcLG-OLvi^^V TiiV UeACijULiij Tlh^TYl(7CL(Ta.V CaHcW^OL' Kj S^IqL TO TTa.'' 

(Ti (poumv Toi (jLOLvlHci', Ua(ji(pcLcLv 7r^oroLyo^^^ei(rav. 6 3 ^vKoL^-^^j^ 
'AjiivKKoL ^vyoLTi^ AoL(pvlw v^vofiaLj (py\(T\v \:m(pdjy\i(roLv 'AwoAAod- 

VOL (^aXOf^VOV OUUT^ fjLiytwCitt ^ fJL^TCt^cLKX^i^TCLV eig TO (pVTOVj CM Tt^ 
fJLYi tQ QiQ '^lpi^CUi KCU fJ.OLvJiKriv 7\0L^iiv (^VVCtfXlV. gCpCtCCtf ^V KOU TOL 

c^^ TGUuTm fXAvliioL TT^^TTOLTletv Tolg '^TroL^TtciToug, hng 'jlfjiiSi^ ncLvloLi 
KOL^' ov AvKS^y(^ o^ cL^xi^g iTCL^iv vofJLov. cBi 7ra.(ri q ^OL(TtXSg 
'Aytgy eig fxkaov 7rafgA06)V, k(u f^^X^'^ S'toLMx^^'>'i 2^)1 (TVfJL^oKdg j\- 
i^ovai TM nohiTeia. fJLiyi<7ag-> y\v Ka^i<^n(rt' Tnv y^ uvtQ tt^ootov iiTioLv eig 
fjLi(Tov tMvcu, •ko7\Ky)V fjS{j i(Tav cn Tolg yiCd^ynf^otg koI vifjLofj^otgt 

cLvSj Q TiiTUV , k^aK0(TtOL TCLhavla VOfJLi<rfJLaT(^ iX^'^^^' "^^ ^^Vo KOU 

Tag fXY)Ti^-g Trotfiv, >y T^g (piAag Kj olx«a?, 7rh<i(Tt(idToiTiig ovlag Szrot^- 

'O f^u h J^rifx^^ cJ^€7r>.oLyyi tyiv fXiyaXo-^vxicLV t^ veaviTKa, >^ ^, 
;^ct^)ic Yiv, ddg <^t '2t£v ofJL^ Tejt-aKo^TiOdy TTi^pT/jvoT^ .cL^^ia -^ 'ETToL^TYig (ha(rt- 
7\i0dg. 3 Aimi^ag tot^ (^n fjLOLT^t^a, 7r^g THvavliov 's(pt7\oveiKYi(Ti. 7\oytl^L 
fj%)^ ^^ oTt TavTa fjS{j oLvafKa^j^crQ 7rotuv, » tyiv avTnv Pt^cte/i^ g|« 
{z^ Toig 7ro7\iToug, d70\(i ^roLvJodV ofj.oi(t>g ct KiKlluT) Ka.TCLTthfjSpodv, fK^vc^ 

T^ Ct§fa|u6jjU6) 7t^^Yi(T\i(Tt TYlV TtfJLYlV, Y\^(^TOL TOV 'AytV «' i^lKatOV O,)!^^ K^ 

um Pafiphaes. Templum enim & oraculum quam inftitueret, flipem ampliHimam confer- 

Thaliimiis celebre erat Pafiphaes, quam At- re:primum nempe patvimonium fuum in me- 

lantJdum unam Jove prognatarum tradiint dio ponere arvis & pafcuis lautum, in quo in- 

quidam fuiffe, atque edidifle Ammonem : non- fuper pecunix fignatce fexcenta talenta fint- 

nulli Priami Caflandram ibi defun&am, quam Idem facere parentes fuas, amicos neceflari- 

quod omnibus oracula declararet, (ita enim ofque, qui Spartiatarum finc opulentifll- 

vox grnece fonat) Pafiphaen fuifle di£bam. mi. 

Phylarchus, Am.yclje iiliam, Daphnen nomi- Hanc juvcnis celfitudinem animi obftupuit 

ne, quum fugeret ApoUinem, qui Ituprum populus, exultavitque, dicens folum dignum 

parabat ei offerre, in arborem verfam : a quo Sparta regem annis fere trecentis extitifle. 

Deo fuiflTe honoratam, vaticinandiquc dona- At Leonidas tunc vel maxime relu6tatus elt: 

tam dote: cujus etiam canebant fortes, edi- reputans enim coa&uros fequi fe illos, nec 

ceretur Spartiatis, ut omnia inter eos sequa- parem gratiam apud civcs relaturum, fed, 

rentur ea lege quam fanxerat quondam Ly- quum omnes ex sequo facultates fuas con- 

curgus. Noviflimusomnium progreflus in me- ferrent, uni attributuros rem aufpicato ho- 

dium rex Agis, brevi oratione, reipub. ait fe, norem: rogavit Agim, Ecquid virum juftura 



A r I s. 503 

(UTnJ^cuov Y\yeiTcu yiymvou Aw«^yoi/. f/.oXoyri(rci^(^ J"' owe/t/a, TlS Toi- 
ytw, i(pyi, Av}tS^y(^ « X?'^^^ 'iK^xoTToLg IS^miV-, « ^ivdg mTSTa^iv elg t:> 
TroT^iTeidv, oV ac^e oAffl^ cvo/^i^£i/ vyicuveiv tIw ttoAiv jiin x^^l^^ JsfiiAa- 
0-/W3 "Ayt? oLTreKeAvaTo juyi B-cwfJLcl^HV tov A^mi^ctv, d Ti^^fjL^A- 
v^ cv ^m, K, 7ri7roui^o7roiY]u^j(^ h ydfuLm o-ar^Tra&ij/, clyvofi tov Av- 

KS^yOV, QTl 70 fjQ{J 0(pCiheiV K^ S^CLVH^eiV OifJLCL TW VOfxi(TfjLCiLTi (rVUUi^i^0L7\1V 
iX. -^ TTOXmg' T^ cf^' CV TCUg 7[0Xi(Ti ^ivOdV T»V Toig cJmTY^S^SS fJLcLCri, yij Tcug 

^iouToug d(TVfJL<pv7\Hg (jlS.7\7\ov l^v<0^ouvi. v^ y) imvHg Y^XcwviVi a Toig (rd- 
fjLCKTi 7ro7\ifjS^\ «.AAct T»V ^iag cuJ^ Kj raV T^Trag MiOdg, fjLY^ (tiwolvol- 
X^mvviJ^oi Toig TToT^iTcug, T§v(py]g iij fJ^cO\cLy.\cLg v^ 7r7\iovi^ioLg h^im^Ti Q\~ 

7\0V' STTH Ti^TTCLvi^^V 76 l^ QoLT^YITOL, J^ <i>i^i>lV S^lw, ^iVHg OvJoLg, OTl Toi 

oujToi ^4 AvKH^yw cTigTgAat/ dihvlig j^ (pi7\o(TO(pQvJig, cv 'E^tol^tyi TifjLn^ri- 
vcu hoL(pi^v\(tig' 2u 'E>t7rfg7r« f^ iTraiviig, i(pY}(TiV, og \(po^Sjuiv O^u- 

Vl^^ T» fJLii(Tl)iQ (TU7tCLpOd TOLg ^VO T^ hMViOL X^^^^^^V cJ^iTifJLi, K^ T»V c!Bj 
TifJLO^iCO 7rOL7\lV TO OUUTO tQtO TT^^OLvloLg' Ylf^d.g Q fJLifJL(pY\, T^vCplw }i 7r0- 

7\vTi7\eiav K^ d7\a[pveiav h t' STrctfTn? dvai^Svlag' axTTn^ i^^ )icLmvm t^ 
QV fJLii^Tiytyj (To^a^v j^ (Z^tIov, oTrag cvlaJuQa fJLYi 7r^iA^n, cpvXa-floi^m, 
oVb "jlfjofjSijm (iim K^ T^Ttm dfJLiTtia >^ 7r7\YifJLfjLiAeia tIuu 7to7\iv d^TvfjL- 
<p&)j/oi/ v^ dvd^fJLO<g-ov kouuTn 7r€7roiy)>iiV. 

■ 'Ea TiiT'd t4 i^ ''Ayi^i to 7rA>id(^ gTniJioAaS-jia-st'* ol q 7TK^(noi tov t^ 
Aimi^av ^ra^imT^nv fJLn (T(pdg Tt^i^, k^ Tbg ys^vJag, oig to K^Tt^ov h 

cv 

Lycurgum & bonum fentiat fuinc. Anmien- Thales, Pherccydes advenjc, qula eadem ac 

te ilio, An unquam igitur, inquit, Lycur- Lycurgus afTidue canebant ac traftabant, ho- 

gus vel novas tabulas conceilit, vel civitate nores habuerunt Sparts eximios. Tu vero 

donavit pcregrinos ; qui prorfus non pitavit Ecprepem celebras, qui Ephoras Phrynidis 

fanam civiratem peregrinos qua; non abige- mufici afcia duas ex novem fides incidit, illof- 

rct? Huic occurrit Agis, Haud mirari Leo- quc qui in Timotheo id funt poft imitati : nos 

nidam fc, fi, qui peregrc eduftus liberos ex laceras, qui delicias, luxum,infolentiam Spar- 

nuptiis fan-apicis quasfifTet, ignoret Lycur- ta fummovemus : quafi vero non illi quoque 

gum debita & credita una cum nummis civi- oftcntationcm in mufica & luxuriamcaverint, 

tate exterminavifTe: jam inftitutis 2c vita ho- ne ad eam progrederetur corruptionem vits 

fpites potius quara verfvintesincivitatibus per- 6c morum, ut inaequalitas & imparitas civi» 

cgrinos fuifle avcrfatum. Etenim illos, in- um diflbnam fecum civitatem &diicrepantcm 

quir, abigebat, non corpora infeftans, fed vi- efF.ceret. 

tam eorum & mores veritus, ne confuG civi- Hinc Agidi adhiefit plebs. Locupletes Leo- 

bus, luxus & mollitiae 6c compendii imprime- nidam rogaveruntnedeflitueret ipfos: tantum- 

rent iis amorem privati : quando Terpander, que effeccrunt obfecrando & impcllcndo fena- 

tura. 



304 A r I s; 

Cd^luLYKri Tov Kimilav hm^v v^ i^vi Tiva. vofj,ov TraXaiov, og hk \ci toi» 
'H^K7\ei<ilw h yvvaiKog dAhoS^aTrng TiKvS^, tov o cimKUvla t' 'EttcI^^ 
TYiC, Sm fjLiTomcrfjLia TT^g iTi^'dg-> ^^^vncrmv KiXSSet. ToJuTa x^ t^ Agw- 
viJ^a ?^iyeiv Wi^-dg iiici^agy owTog Tra^i^pvXaili fJ^ ffi (rvva^x^vlodv to 
(jYifjimv. i9i Q Toiovh' ■ii i^ cvvia Xa^ovlig ol i<po^i. vvKla Kad-a^v j^ 
ddi^hhjuov, (nmyj xctSg^or) ir^g tov ii^vov "^^M^Kiiroylig. idv ai/ ix, (Xi^^g 
Tivog eig iTi^v fii^^ d^Yi^ <^id^n, Kejivaa-i t«V ^a(ri,7\iig, (ag rafe^ to 3-g<bv, 
cJi,afjLa^Tdvoyla^i Kj KaTaTfcwaa-i Ttig d^x^g, fJLix^'^ ^ti/ k Ai7\(p/Sv n 
''0?\vfj.7riag %§ncr|U.oV £a9m Tolg n?\cdKo(ri t^ (ia(nhi(t)v (ionS-^v. thto cTw to . 
c-YifJLilov cwTO^ yiyovivai 7\iycidv o Av<Tav<i^(^, Keji(nv i^ AiOdvii^cL Tr^^^wi,. 
£ fjtd^Tv^g wa^iix^v, (^g hm ytwaiKog ' K(navY\g, Iw tuv 2gA<l/Vs Tivog. 
uTfd^X^ ^'^^ cryi^owwVoti?©^ g%g, TiKV(^(rai <ivo TrottcTja' S^v^iqaivof^^^ 
3 j^ fjLi(r^fj^p(^ \:m t' yvvainog, inaviT^Ui. a^ yvodfjilw oiKah, v^ iia^ 
S^oxyig i^YifjLov dvihoi to (ia(ri7\mv. dfLa q tw cTwm KAgOjCt^^Toi' ''iix^hi ^ 
(^a(n7\eiag dvJiTroifi^ah yafz^^v ov\a t5 AicMa, ^fpag 5 t^ (la^nXtKQ. 
(pQ^Y)Uig ^v AiO!>viiag, hiTng yivi) '^ Xa7\KioiKii, k^ (rwmTSjiv y\ B-vyd- 
Tn^ t4 TTaTe}-) Tov K7\iofjL^^Tov )><7n)7\i7r^<Ta. Ka7\iif^ii q Tr^g tIw (^ikIw 
civtS, >ij fJLY\ KaTa^MVovi^ k«W, ^%!^«c^to-ct;u^ot TfjV (^acnhetav T^ KAi^ 

QlX^.^T(d TTa^iicdKaV. 

tum, cujus potiffima vis erat in' prfEJudicio damnatos fublevet reges. Hoc fignum obla- 

deliberationis, ut uno fufFragio qui abrogave- tum fibi LyfanJer jactans, judicium diftavit 

runt ihetram fuperarent. At Lyfander adhuc Leonidse, ac teftes edidit ex muhere e- 

in magiftratu poficus, inflitit Leonidam ar- um Afiatica, quam quidam Seleuci prsfeftuj 

cefiere lcge quadam vetufta,qua2 Heraclidem ei collocaverat,duos filios tulifreiingr.itum&; 

liberos vctat ex muliere alienigena toUere : & invifum uxori domum invitum revertiffe, 6c 

in eum qui alio ex Sparta demigraverit, poe- fuccefiore orbum rapuifie regnum.Simuldum 

nam fancit capitalem. Haec quum objicere a- eum accufat, impellic Cleombrotum ad reg- 

lios docuifiet Leonidte, ipfe cum coUegis fig- num afi"erendum, generum Leonidse & fliirpis 

num obfervavit. Id hu;ufcemodi efl:: Nono regix. Trepidus igitur Leonidas fupplex ad 

quoque anno, capta Ephori ferena no61:e £c Chalcioecum £cdcm Minerva; refugit. Fiiit 

intermefl:ri luna, confident filentio in coelura una cum parence in fordibus fiha, divercitque 

intenti. Quod fi aliqua ex parte fl:ella in ali- a Cleombroto. Citato ad judicium, quutn 

am trajecerit, reges judicant Deos ofitndifie: non apparuidec, regnum abrogantes contule- 

iifque regnum eo ufque abrogant dum fueric runt id Cleombroto. 
Pelphis velOlympia oraculum allatumj quod 

Inter- 



A r I s. soj 

)L KciTAg-oSivJig l(po^t Tov juS^' Aswt/jV^ctv cti/kna-fltv k^TdjovJciy t^ Ay- 
(rM^a> iii T^ y^.OLvS^^Khii^ct S^alw iTryjyoh &jV c:^ tov vof/,ov x?^^^ ^- 
;to7rotV >9 y/«J' dvcLS^d^TcL^ -^YiCpKraf^oig. KivS^twdjovlig ^v zMihoh Trd^^ai 
T»V (^cLO-iKug ojUL^ -^of^ag x^^^^ ^^" '^^ '^^ s(po^m ^aA<5b'^ctTcf tQ~ 
To -^S To oi^x^Hov lYveiv qm (^ict^po^g t^ (ha.(rihiCt)Vi tw to. (lihTiovct Ag- 
yoi/7t TT^a-TMfjSpov tIw -^ti^pov, otciv d.Tie,^ £6^5' ^^i^ '^'^' (rvf/.(pi^v' 
(ifJL(polv Tot/Tct (iiiX<^ofj^u)V, clTwtov avou tIw cJ^aa-iciVy j^ (Z^vofxc^g ^ap^s?- 
<&-ai TT^V T^V ^aaihiig' &v fxax^^f^^^^ S^mT^v )^ ^ocf.^Sjm cwTolg dvcu 

TTfiQamOV, iiXl TFohVTT^yjbLOVilV OjULO^p^vSvJodV. 'dT(d i^n TTei^ivlig dfJLCpOTt- 

^iy )L jmJ T^" (pihm «V dyo^v x-aTaCdvJig, dvi<^mav f^p qm '^ ^i- 
(p^m T»V i(po^iigy dhhag S"' dvt caJ'^ dTTiJ^ei^av, &v ^g riv 'Kymiha©^, 
owhi(ravlig o '^ ^^^^ ttoAA^V, j^ hvcravJsg t^V (^ihpfag, i^j^ovJo (^o^g^t 
ToHg vmvavlioigy wV TToAAaV '^Klivavleg. dm^avi -j fc;J*«V vtt' avT^y ctA- 
Aot )c Aic^viS^av «V Tsysav v-m^iovla ^»AJi0gi/7(^ S^ia^pkH^cu tS 'Ay«(7<- 
Act», >9 TTiiuL-^av]^ stt' c«;JtoV «V' T^' oJ^oV dvi^g, TTuOojU^©^ "A^iJ 
iTg|»? dni<^eihi 7ri?-»V, o( toV AimiS^av n^<^<)vligj d(T<pahOdg dg Tiyiav 

KaTi<^Y\(TaV, 

OvTOi -^ TT^^mg cwTolg oS^S ^ah^a^TY^g, ^ (JLY\hvog m<^aiBpH fJLm 
i^iamhvovJ^^y ^g dvri^ 'AyYi(Tiha(^ dviT^i^^i vrdvla j^ i^iihvfjjnvaTo, y.dA- 
At5-ov V(ifjLov Kj AamvimTaTOV ai^<V« vo(TY]fA.aTi tm (pihoTrhaTict <hap^ei~ 

^g. 

Interea cxafto tempore Lyfander abiit ma- forum,fummoveruntque Ephoros fellis, atque 

giftratu. Tum qui fucceflerunt Ephori, fup- alios eis furrogaverunt, quorum fuit Agefilaus 

plicem excitaverunt Leonidam: Lyfandrum unus. Jam quum armaflent frequentem ju- 

autem 8c Mandroclidam in judicium adduxe- ventutem, 8c folviflent cufl;odias, trepidave- 

runt, quod contra leges novas tabulas & le- runt adverfarii eorum, quafi immincnte mul- 

gem agrariam promulgafl^ent. Igitur in peri- torum csde. Casterum nihil fanguinis fac- 

culum illi addufti, perfuadent rcgibus ut tum eft, immo vero profugicntem Tegeam 

confpirantcs Ephororum confulta repudient. Leonidam quum pararet interficere Agefi- 

Nam ejus magiftratus in regum diflenfione laus, fummitteretque in viam percuflbres : rc 

arbitrium efle, quum alter contendat pro bo- comperta mifit Agis alios fidos ; qui Leo- 

no publico, ut in fententiam tranfeant rec- nidam ftipantes deduxerunt eumTegeam fe- 

tius fentientis: amborura confentientium in- cure. 

diflolubilem efle poteftatem , 5c inique dif- Ita confilio iis ex animo procedentc, ne- 

fentire illos a regibus, quibus diflidenti- quc intercedente aut impedicnre uUo, unus 

bus avbitrari eis 8c dilceptare jus cfle, non vir omnia Agcfilaus cvcrtit 8c convulfit: 

ingcrere fe concinentibus. Hi; rationibus qui pulcherimam legera atque Sparta dig- 

indiifti arr.bn, protccu funt cutT' a;:;'cis in niilimam fcedifllmo morbo labefaftavit, ava- 

y.o t. IV. Q q ritw. 



306 



A r I s. 



^?. BTTHS^n o^ iUKlnTo pSp cv TQi<; iiLcLKi<^ci 7to7\Klw K^ cLya^Luu X^^^J 
c^(peiM 3 7rctiLi7ro?KXoLi fJLviTi (^toL?\V(rcu (^twdi^fjf^ toL p^^^sct, |U«Vs tyiv ;^&h- 
^v 7r^i(^ |!B«Ao|U$Jnj(^5 %7ret(n tov "Ayih cdg cLu(poTi^6dv fj^j cl^ol tt^t- 
TouSpoiV jbLiycLg I^toitq fsfet tUju Tcoh.iv vimie/(TfJLo(;' o th t&v xP^v d<pai- 
j^i(rH B-£^7rdjQiiiy oi i^nfJLATiy.oi. tt^t^^V) AjM^hodi; a.v cuuTm v^ kol^' «Vy- 
;^iky v<Ti^v hh^Qi^m tov ctvoLi^OL^rfJLov. touutol q ^ Tolg «sfei tov Av^raLV- 
S^v IS^om-, (Tvvi^oL^raTCdfjSfoig xpm tS ' AyYi{ri?\oiii. k^ tol a^ t^v xP^- 
s^odv y^ifJLfJLOLTftOL (Tvvei^rsVifmvJig eig ciyo^Vi d YXdtf-a >LOLXQ(ri) ^ ttolv- 
roL (Tvv^ivJeg etg Ij/, c^)i7r^nTcLV. ci^M^rng o 0?^oyog, ol jw3/) ^i^h-^am ^ i^cL- 
vei^mi CvbtTTOL^QvJig d^rnKhov' q 'A>'Jio-{'Aa©-', u>T7ii^ ^(pv^^^tdVj aV 

iCPn 7\CLfJL%^Ti^V iOd^yJvOU (|)ft)f, «J^g TTV^ imVH K&.^a.^(^Ti^V. oi^t^vl(t)V Q 

t£v 7roKhSiv >C| tIw ylw iv^vg vifjH^, k^ t&v (^0L(ri7\i6dV aV&) Troifiv Kihdj- 
6vJ(t)V, dyohioig rivoig ifi^aXcav 'AymiTKOL^ oLei, k^ 7rpj(poL(retg h.iy(idVy 

TTOL^Y^yOLyi TOV X^^^^' ^X^'' ^ ^^TeiOL (TVViCn TW "Ayih, fJiiTOLTrifJLTrOfJLi- 

vcidv tS)V 'Ax^^Sv, (TVfjifxcLX^^ ov\m, (ioYi^eiDLV h AaxiS^oufJLov^^. AVwAol 
^ n(Tav cJmS^o^oi hd 'v' yiiyae^y-ng sfiCoLX^vJig eig Ui?\o7;:()VVY](rov' ^ tSto 
%&)AyV&)i/ "A^T^i T&v 'Ax^^Sv s-^Tnyog, n^§oi(ri S^wiJafJLW, >l^ Toig i(po- 
^oig iy^(piv. 

Ot Tov ''Aytv iv^vg S^i7TifJL7Tov, iTTYi^i^ov 7M <piAoTif/,ict j^ 7r^oSvfzicf 
rSv (rv9^T<^ofjSf(f)v. viot y> ovJig oi 7u?\ii<^ot v^ 7rmTig, jt, Tnv ^stto tSv 
X^^Sv dhtav ixovli^ »<^Jr, »9 ?\i?\Vf^oiy raV ydy^^g iKTtil^ovlig dv STrav- 

ih- 



iritia. Qaum enim poffideret l-atiffimum Sc 
uberrimum agrumj asre autem alieno multo 
demerfus eflet ; quia non erat folvendo, ne- 
que agrum dimittere inducebat in animum, 
perfuafit Agidi, fi utrumque pariter tentare- 
tur, magnum in civitate exoriturum motum : 
quod fi novis tabulis ante deliniti locupletes 
forent, facile eos & placide accepturos legem 
agrariam. Idem etiam Lyfmdro, qui itera 
feduftus ab Agefilao fuit, vifum. Ita coftge- 
flas in forum dcbitorum fyngraphas, quas cla- 
ria appellant, omnes coacervatas concrema- 
Verunt: fublata flamma pecuniofi & foenera- 
tores ^gre ferentes digreffi funt. At Agefi- 
laus, quafi illudens illis, negavit clarius fe 
lumen vel ignem puriorem vidifTe. Poftu- 



lante autem plcbe ut ager quoque confeftimi 
divideretur, imperantibufque hoc regibus,. 
femper Agefilaus obftacula aliqua interpo- 
nendo &: caufando terapiis protrahebat,, 
quoad proficifcendum Agidi ad bellum fu- 
it, quum accivifTent focii Achxi Laceda> 
mone auxilia. Exfpeftabant enim per fines 
Megaricos, TEtolos in Pcloponnefum incur- 
faruros. Ad quod prohibendum prastor Achx- 
orum Aratus delcdhim habuit, & Ephoris ut 
mitterent auxilia fcripfit. 

Miferunt illi confeftim Agim alacritate 
& promptitudine ereclum commilitonum; 
juvenes ertim erant plerique & egeni, jam- 
que foenore liberati & foluti, atque agri 
cxfpedantcsj fi a bello revertincnt, partitio- 

'nem. 



A r I 2. 507 

THg' Kj BicL^ct Tcug 7roM(riv Yj<rciV, cL^Act^^cii; ^ TT^ctdig yt^ fA.ovovQ it, cl-^q^ 
^m ^ianoe^Sjo^oi tIw Ili.7\.onovvn(Tov. axiTi ^GWfJLci^HV v^ ^icLKoyi^^ 
Tiig'^EAK!u)ac, olc^ Iw cL^ )io(rfjL(^ AcL>imi>t^ ^p^t^ilolt(^-> 'Ayna-/- 
Tvfltov tX'^v}(^, n AvdOLvS^^QV bmvoVy » AiOdnS^cLv tov naKcuov «yi/p^of, 
oTta Tt^c (JM^-mv oAiya hlv Vio^TOLTOv oiiidvlm cdS^c^g tq(tcluty) y^ (pQ- 

C(^ Wl T^^ <^^TSjOlBlJm. :^ f^TOt ^ OLVTQg ViCLvi(T>L(^ SjTSAeicL iiy (pi. 

Kononct Jt, tzI (jly)<^\v Ihma ?\aiu,7r^T€^v i{u<pii(^ ti^ wVAtc^ (rsfjLviwofjLi- 
v(^3 d^io^icLT(^ Iw K) Ijthmo? \W '-^ TToAhiSv. iTTei Toi<; yz 7rAii(rioig 

^VL rj^iG-X,iV ViCtiTi.ZJL(TfJLOg CWtS, h(S'l.O(TL fJLYJ mYifJLCL Y^ (^S^^GiyfJLCL Tois 

ncLi^oLXO(y& (^iifjLoig '^«'^. 

^vfJLfJLi^c/.g i) T^ 'A^TOJ (^ Koe/v6of "Ayt?, gn |8aA^0jU$^u&) (skX 
fjLcixyi? J^ ^5^-Ta|g6)? TT^g raV vt-oMf^iag, mM^oLTo jc, yr^^vfiicLV itoX- 

htWj )t, TOhfJLCLV a fjLaVlKluU "dSk (L'K0y\,'^0V. 'iCp^ -y) OLVTW jU^J (S^O>Ciiv S^IOL-- 

fLOLX^^^j ^ /"•« TfcLejLiVou Tov TToMfJLov eidOi TOLg vfvhag -^ nihovrovvwn 

TTO^i^Hg" TTOmeiV Q TO i^OK^V 'Aj^Vli)* l^ y> TT^i^rCvTi^OV Tg dvcUj >^ 

^^TYiyfiv 'Ax^^Ltc^v, oig a%< TTP^dTci^m acf^a «>-«croju$Ju©-', ctAAa (tv^^- 
T<^cro|u(9/j©-' «Voi )^ ^oYi^YKrm. q 2iV6)7r<^V BotV&ii/ avTov ax gSgAwv ^ct- 
;:^gc9-c« (p))(r\ tov "Ayiv, 'ApciTH }LiMvQvi(^' «x cv]iTvxn>L(iog olg "Ag^T©-' 
ygy^Cpg fsfei TiiTm ^^mXoyil^of^^^-, oVi ^iKTiov YiyuTO, T^g )ia^7rQg 
o^i^v dTravlcLg (Tvfy.i>iQfjn(Tf^<jm y\i^y\ '^^ ym^yc^Vj Tra^ih^m t^V 7rohifj.i- 

nem, impigros pi;sbebant fe Agidi, civicati- Conjiinftus apud Corinthum Arato Agis, 

burque erant miraculo, quod citra noxampla- deliberanti etiani tum de pugna 5c figniscuni 

cideque & tantum non fine ftrepitu Pelopon- hoftibus conferendis, pr^e fe tulit infignema- 

nefum tranfmitterent : ut obftupefcerent, re- lacritatem 6c audaciam non vecordem velfto- 

putarentque animis Grxci, quje modeftia 6c lidam. Declaravit enim videri fibi proelio de- 

ordo exercitus Laconici fuiftet, Agefilao, vel cernendum, neque intra Peloponnefi portas 

Lyfandro illo, vel prifco duce Leonida, ubi admittcndum bellum : tacturum tamenfequod 

tanta adverfus adolefcentem, omnibus fere £e- vifum eftcr Ar^^i.to. Quippe grandiorcm euni 

tate inferiorem, militum eftet reverentia & & prstorem efle Achsorum : quibus non im- 

metus. Et vero ipfe ille juvenis qui frugali- perator, non dux,fed auxilio veniflet ut belli 

tate & laboris tolerantia,6c quodnihilofplen- fbcius. Baton autem Sinopenfis detrectafle 

didius amidtus vel veftitus privato eflet, often- Agim refert prcelium, quuni id vellet Ara- 

taret fe, vifendus erat 6c charus multitudini. tus: verum non legit hic fcripta Arati qui fe 

Verum opulentis ingrata novatio ejus erat, de hoc confiHo excufat ; quod fatius duceret, 

metuentibus ne commoveret 6c ad excmplum quiafruges propemodum omnes agricol^con- 

paflim concitaret populos. vexerant, ut hoftes tranfirent, quam proe- 

Q_q z ' lio 



9o8 



A r I s. 



fJLcix^^^y ^9 "r^'^ (^vfjLijLctx'^? iTTeuviG-ag J^ta^^ws, B-cwfjLoL^eig o "Ayig 

'O ^ 'AyjicTj^Aa^^ \(po^ivm-, dnriKKciryi^^ o\g ranmog Iw Tr^oVsfov, 
^hvog i(pdhTo (pi^ov\(^ d^yvejLov d^mfULcLT©^-, dKhd illIujol reA^DiouS^i- 
KoLTov, ax dirouTiicrng tot& r' (^oS^a, a^^ tyjv ViVofxi(r(^lw rd^iv Tm 

X^OVOdV CMi^aM T0]c TiMO-l, J^ TTa^iTT^TJi' h^mg T»V dJ^iKiifMpiig, Jij 

fjLicrii[Mij(^ -ism Trdvlddv, iT^i(pi fjLaxou^^^^po^ag, f^ (pv7\aTlof^(^ \W t«- 
T&)v yLari^cnviv dg tq tf.'^;^g7oi/. j^ twi/ (iaG-ihiodv, tQ f^ oKcdg jcctracp^o- 
Viiv, Tov Q "A^^iy s^aAgTo i^o^tiiv ^id TY]V cvfj^aav fjLaKhov ri i^id t«v /Sa- 
(Tiheiav h tivi TifM TtOg^S-oM. <^iiihdKi 5 Aoyoi/ &)V J^ -ctuOi? l(po§iv<rm. J^io 
^doTov ^ixmy.iviujjivdavlig ol sxh^'^' ^ crv^dvlsg, ok T^yiag dva^pavS^ov tov 
AiOdViiav cR-t Triv d^x^ aaTnyayov, rii^mg Kj t£v TrohXo^v S-iao-afjSpcav. 
dipyi^ovlo yj 7ri(piva)ii5-f^oh '^ X^&^^ f^^ vg^nO«Vji?. tov fj8p >iv 'Ay«cr/- 
?\aov vjog 'iT^TTofxt^cdv, hoi^(^ T&v Ttohirm, %j 7Fd(rt 7r^o(r(piAy)g ^v K 
dvS^^ya^iav, v7ri'^yiyayi j^ J^isV&)o-g. t£v q (^a^nModV 6 ju^ "Ayig (Mi t«V 
XahKioiKov mTi(pvj^' 6 j ^hiOfJL^^or^^ dg t» Uo(reii6dv(^ k^ov sX$-m 
iKirSji' jt, 'y) sioKei T^TOd fjidhhov o AimiS^ag ;^otAg7roV eivcaj ;^ Tra^etg 
Tov ''Ayiv, cJ^ T«Toi/ dvi^^n <^^TmTag ix^^' "^ x-aTYiyo^ei fjLir o^yyjg, ou 
yafjJ^e^og m 27r«^aA<^(7gf aviw, k, Triv (^a^riheiav d(peiMTO, ;^ (rvvi^i^^aM 
•^ 7raTeJL<^Q^' O 

lio de fumma iaceret aleam. Poftquam igitur cere: infuper divulgavit irerum fe Ephorum 

defiigit Aratiis aciem, 8c laudatos dimifit fo- fore. Quocirca maturantes periculum adire i- 

cios: in magna habitus admiratione Agis, re- nimici ejus, coitione fa£ta reduxerunt palam 

tro figna domum movit,rebus Spartje ingenti Leonidam ex Tegea ad regnum recipiendum : 

tumultu & mutatione concitatis. quem plebs quoque vidit libenter. Exarferat 

Siquidem Ephorus tunc Agefilaus exone- enim, quod eflet non divifo agro delufa. At- 

ratus eo, quo dcpreflus ante fuerat onere, a que Agefilaum filius Hippomedon, qui ob 

nullo fcelere, quod adferret quseftum, abhor- ftrenuitatem omnibus erat charus, exoratis ci- 

ruit : fed menfem tertium decimum, quem am- vibus clam eduxit urbc ac fervavir. Regesy 

bitus anni non requirebat in pr3Efentia,pra:ter Agis ad Chalcioecum confugit : Cleombrp- 

ufu receptum temporum ordinem cenfui in- tus in tede Neptuiii fedebat fupplex : nam in 

tercalavit, excgitqae cjus menfis nomine cen- eum appai-ebat gravius incenfum Leonidam 

fum indebitum. Quod vcro exiimefceret la;- efle, miflbque fafto Agide in hunc contendit 

fos, Sc omnes offendiirct, aluit fatelHres, qui- armis feptus, accufavicque eum infenfe, quod 

bus ftipacus defcendebat in curiam. Regum gener ftruxifl^et fibi infidias, regnoque fpolia- 

alterum femel defpicere, Agim videri volebat tum patria expulilTct. 

propinquitatis potius quam regni caufa fufpi- 

Cleom* 



A r I s. 309 

Ta TToLTeA (rtwn<^i>iiiTo, Kj T» KMojii^^Tii t!w (ict(riMiciv (^^7\a&ov\(^ ^ 
^sTTBfaa"^ t/m) ra 7r(X.T^g (rvfjL(po^v g^g^V^^g, >c, Trct^ovli f^i) <iiJuui,ytiTdjiy 
(pdjyovlo? j mv^^^rcL Kj ;^aA27r&)? g^i^^a^rct tt^o? toi/ KMofjL^^Tov (^HTiKet, 
TOTi om) TTcLAiV Toug Tv^^^^oug (rvfJL(JLiTa.^ci7\7\\icrci-, (a^ tQ civS^^og mTig (^(p- 

5« Xa02(j3|wS^'nj (Z^.^i^7\mXJ{CL X^^&^'' C4tf<>'^> »9 "^ TTCuS^i^tiV TO f^U iv^ev, 

To ivQiV vtt' cwtIw i^'^^'^' ^caiy.al!pv\(t^v q Troivioiv, k^ <^a)i^v6vioiV cBi 
rn ;\^^«f oV«Ti )^ (piTKo^^o^yict t? yyt/c«KoV, ct\l/a|U^'ii t^^ mnXodv -^ i' x.6jULYig 

(LTniJLiT^Odg iX^vlcOV, TQtO, HTTiV., Od TTOLTi^, S/ULo) TO ^nfJLOL }ij tIuJ O^^iV 

^X ^ KT^iOfx^^oTH f^TiQeiKiv gAs©-', ctAAoc "^c^ Tm (TOiv KcJLmv Kj t' crng 
<pvyng fjLif^nx-i fjLoi (rujuT^o<pov ;^ (rtwoiKov to 7[iv^(^. ttots^ov ai/ JVi" fjLi 
trQ ^0L(TiK^Qv\(^ b) '^TTOL^Tn Kj vimy](^ sFkoltol^giuvcu TouuToug Tcug (rvfJL- 
(po^cHg, n TKOL^oiiv i^nTOL T^OLfJLit^v }tj (ici(riKiKnv, cJ^SQ(tcu \:zso crQ t6v 

TfCL^^iviOV OLVS'^ (poV^O^OV ; oV « fln (u^^iT€iTCtt (Ti, fXnS^i TTH^a TiKVQii 

Kcu yvvoLiKog SdKevdi, p^otAsTrwTgg^i' »1 (tv (^Qah (^iKlw vCpi^H -^ kolko^h- 
7\ioLg, clTn^m hfjLi tIw (piT^TctTlw ouut^ 7f§ooL7ro^avQ(roLV. Tivt ^ g^g JW 
^Mi/ 7raj)pn(rici 7r^6g Toig ciA7\0Lg yvvctiKotg, n fjtnTi 7ra.e, 0Lv-(S\6g (SioySiJn 
(jLnTi a^^ TroLTgog i7\iog Wiv j ctAAct Kcti yvvn kou S-vyoLTn^ (TvvcLTvyiiv 
y.ou (TvvcLTifJLci^i^ Toig ifJLouuTng l^ofJLlw. vtiTco fjLiv Qv « Koi Tig nv 7\6yo<; 
iV7r^i7rng, syca tQtov 0L(pei7\6fjLltJU, toti (toi (Tvvi'^iT(X.^si(TOLy kdu KOLTotfjLa^Tv^ 

^(TCt(TCt 

Cleombrotus quod diceret nihil habebat, trutn igitur te Sparta: fuperatis adverfiiriis 

fcd fedebat perplexus mutufque. At Chelo- regnante confenefcendum mihi in hifce eft 

nis Leonids filia, qux ante paternas calami- calamitatibus, an veftis fumenda fplendida £c 

tatis fuerat confors, atque a Cleombroto, regia, virum afpicienti, cui nupfi virgo, a 

ubi accepit regnum, digrefla, patris miferi- te trucidari? Qai nifi liberorum 6c conju- 

am foverat, fueratque cum prjefente fupplex, gis te lacrymis exoret Sc placet, graviora 

cum exulante in luftu 8c llmultate perftite- quam tu peris piacula pnebcbit confilioriim 

rat adverfus Cleombrotum : tum vero con- fuorum pravorum : me enim intuebitur fibi 

verfi fortuna palam fociam fe viri in fqualo- chariflimam ante oculos fuos vitam profiin- 

re prxbuit, confeditque manibus ilUim com- dentem. Qua aiim fronte ca>;teras muHeres 

plexa, filiofque hinc inde apud fe tcnens. unquam viva intuebor, cujus neque vir 

Miramibus omnibus humanitatem & pieta- precanris, neque pater capit mifericordiara : 

tcm mulieris,veftem & comasincomtas manu fcd 8c uxor & fifia ad id fum nata, cura 

tangens, Hunc mihi (pater) inquit, habi- meis ut fira in calamitatc &c mfamia? At- 

tum & fpeciem non Cleombroti impofuit que huic quidem fiqua honcft,; cai.fi fiiif- 

miferatio, fcd a tuis asrumnis & exilio inve- ftc, hanc ego qus cum tibi fui af^nega- 

teratus mihi 8c familiaris manfit ludus. U- ta, fafta ejus raeo premens teftiraonio de- 

traxk 



3IO A r I s. 

^YtcrcKTciL rm \!z?o rJra %)oi^m' av o ouu^) to dSiay^fjLd 7roiii<; ivctTroXo- 
yr\T0Vy iiTCt) lAycL kcu (^./bicixytTov )><m(pcuvct)V to (iaTiXivc-ii/, &)(rTi <^t' aJ- 
To aou ycLfJL^^^g (ponvav koi TiKVOdv dfJLihuv dpcu S^iKouov. 

'H jU^^J X«A&)I/W TOiCWTCL •^OTVlCifMfn, TOt T£ 7r^0(T6i)7T0V cRr. TY\V Ki<pCl^ 

Xviv STri^m^ r» KAso^^f or^, kcu to (iXifA.fA.ci ^i^^p^a^fjSfov kcu (rvvJiTmo'^ 
•iW aJttji? ^zefefwfg/Jcg^ «V raV TCOL^ovlcLg. 6 Q Ag&v/cTbt? (^iaMx^^^ '^^'^'^ *?"- 
Aoi^-, roi/ |W$iu KhiofA^^Tov owaA<^ir$i/ civcL<^aLv\ciL (pdjyeiV -^ q Troui^og fA.i-. 

VCiV IhaOf Kj fA.n KCtTCLT^LTTiiv CWTOV iiTOi (piAQpJoL, }ij hS^CAKOTA X^^^^ '^^* 

ra cLvS'^<; (TOdTYiejLaiy' « fAluu Inmiv' ciAh clvi^ctf^co t^ ctv^e^ 3-oLTi^f 
'^ 7icu.^i(t)V gl^fig/Vcia-ot, 3-a.Ts^v q dvoLhcL^QcroLi k^ 7r^(rKvvn(roL(ra. to» 
^tdfxov T' 0ga (rvvi^nA^iV. c^^tts, ei fxn Trdvv S'ie(p^a^fj8{j(^ luu \W KimQ 
^o^Yig KAgoft^^r©^, iVTVX^^f^cL dv Y)yY\<JOLTo tIw (pvyLuj ouut^ t' (^acn^ 
hetag fxii^ov uvou <^id r»i/ yvvouKa. ^iTa^nTa^^^ q tov KAso/^^^rof o 
AwviS^ou;, K^ raV ^r^odTng s(po^'dg QM^a7\m t' d^x^g, iTt^-dg q 7romdfj.e' 
v(^, iv^vg g7rg^»A<^g T^''Ayi(^i. k^ n^i^Tov ^Rp iTrei^ev cajutov dva<rlujcu rL 
cvfiCacriMmv, (^g Si^oi^KOTOdv avFyvoifA,luj i^ -Tj-oAtT^* <rvve'^n7raTn^ y) 
'cm tQ AyncTihda-, viov ov\a t^ (ptKoTifAov. cMeiva q vCpo^odf^pa, k^ kj^ x^- 
^v fjS^ovlog, ouuTog (jSfj k^rouucraTo <pivaKi(^OiiV kcu KaTei^odVivof^(^' 'A^- 
<pd^ng x^cd AnfA.oxd^ng x-ou A^Ki(rixa(^ dva^ouvovlig elod^i^rav ouut^ ^icJJ^ 
Agygc^' KOUL 7F0Ti Kou o^^ha^ovlig oRn to Xht^v )hto tQ ig^y KaTnyayov 
iLcu Aacrdf^oif Trdhiv dg fo k^v KaTi^ncrav. kcu n^rav Trdvleg (£ij avT^ 

(TVVYi' 

:tl'axi. Verum tu facinus illius reddis ei egre- ombrotus ab inani gloria fuiflet, felicitatenj 

gie excufabile, qui rem oftendis regnum efle duxiffet exilium fibi quam regnum uxoris 

ita grandem & expetendam, ut ejus gracia cauia majorem. Cleombroto exafto, & pri- 

■& gcneros trucidare, Sc liberos juftum fit mis Ephoris magiftratu amotis, atque fuf- 

jpoftmittere. fed:is aliis, extemplo infidias tctendit Leoni- 

HiKC Chelonis quiritans, faciem capiti Cle- das Agidi. Primum hortatus eum eft ut fur- 

ombroti impofuit, oculofque tabefcentes & geret, atque adminiftraret fecum regnum, 

mseftitia emarcidos ad coronam circumtulit, quafi cives ci ignoviffent : nam deceptum ab 

Leonidas cum amicis coUoquutus, Cleom- Agelilao fuifle juvenem & glori£e cupidum. 

brotum juflit exulem efle: natam oravit ut Verum fufpedtanti ipfum Agidi, neque loco 

remaneret, neque fe, qui adeo diligeret ip- cedenti, omifit verba dare & deludere. Am- 

fam, 6c viri falutem efl^et ei largitus, defere- phares autem Sc Demochares, Arcefilauf- 

rct. Non paruit illa tamen, fed exfurgenti que adire Agim & coUoqui folebant cum 

viro alterum filium ti-adidit, alterum tenens eo. Interim etiam ducebant eum fecum ex 

ipfa, adorata Dei ara, conceflit cum illo in templo ad balneum, lotumque reducebant 

exilium. Icaque nifi pkne labefadatus Cle- in templum. Erant ;hi omnes familiares 

ejus. 



A r I s. 311 

(Ttwri^eig. 'AjULfpd^fig Kj >tg;^|«|tJ!^'(^ hafx^^ Iiholtiol k^ TroTwexot t^ 
TtoTKVTih&v (t^ -^ 'A^wcrtf^Vot^, m^aA<l)g J^jct tcwtcl tJ ^oL^nAfi Kj 
Tou? yvvou^\v, oii; >c^5"€f«V&>i/. >^ fjLOLAfFOL yi cwTog vncLK^(rca i^ A^miict. 

'E7r« "Ayt^ roV |u%; ctAAoi' c* •xsl tg^w J^iSTe/^s ^^^''^oi'? ««d« >t*- 

TOL^cCUVHV 0T& TVX^^ "^^^ "^^ A»T^V, 0)6« trvKhCi^^eiV OUUTQV iyV6d(rOLVy OTCLf 

i^od tQ /«f« "^wD- ^ ^^J^t^JyAot^ctvlg? AgA«|U^'oi/, cx.7rlwTi]0-0Lv ^ \)(mci(rotJt^ 
To, Tij (Tv/uLTr^Yiyov oiiJLOL AoLAiyof^Qi, Y^ TTculjovJeg 6)V TT^^V crurn'5fl )^ vgor. 

CmI^TtIw ^i TIVCL T? OC^K TrKOLyidV TT^OC TQ <^€(riULCdTYieAOV iX^^TYigy 6)V 6'^'oV- 
TO KCtT' C6f'T/a; I^Cli^il^OvJi?, ^J 'A^CpOl^»)? JVc^ TO O-^X^^ Ot\!/OtjU^^ 

T» "A7<^(^', "Ayc!) fl"£, ciTTsi/, c^^ TaV s(t>o^^g, ch "Ayi, hoyov vCpi^ovloL 
'^^ n€7ro'AiT^(^m' i} A«f(,o;;/ot^«?, <50'^4)f(^ wV kow fJLiyai;, to IjULOLTm 

iZ^^OLhOOV (Zgt^ TOV T^'^«AOJ', «TuCSf. cLXKOdV jj gTT&lOavl&ll/ OTriSfiV QM TTOL^ 

^(T>L^Yi<;, ^hvog o (S^on^^i/lC^, ctAA l^Y\fJLioLg «Vn?, ejUL^oLT^airiV ouutov eig 
To ^gcr/LtwTwiS/ov. ^'duV Tra^lw o (Av AiOdvii^oLg fjLiofoCpo^ag ix^^ TroAAaV, 
xoM To omfjLOL f^i^iv i^idhv' 01 i<po^i TT^og Tov "Ayiv «o-maOoj/, kdu 

^ ye^Ovlc^V «V TO oimfJiCt fJLiTOLmfJL-^oil^pOi T-aV TODToi (^HMfJLiViig, 6)V 

«Tw nejLfTiCdg OLVT^ y^vofJLmg, cAtixdjov vTn^ T^f TteTr^yfjLiVODV )k^hoyei^, 
y€7\0L(rctvl(^ t» ViOLvia-Kii Tr^og tIw el^cdVeiOLv clv'^, o fxiv ' AfjL(poL^ng oU 

fJLCd^OfJ^VOV hoLha, KOU iS^ix.UjU V(pi^Ov\oL T' \TOLfJL0TY\T(^' OtAA(^ Q T6)l/ gC^o'- 

fwj', orof hvhS^^g T^ "Ayi^h ^cu Seiavvcdv 'S^m^pvyhuu t' vuTioLg, YifoiTno-ev ei 

TOLVT 

ejus. Amphares autem veftes quoque 8c po- co te, inquir, Agi, ad Ephoros, ut rationera 

cuk preciofa nuper ab Agefiftrata acceperat reipub. gefta; rcdd.is. Dcmocharcs autem, 

commodato, qu£c ut non redderet, prodcre homo valens 8c cminens ftatura, obvolvens 

deliberavit regem & fceminas ejus parentes. collum paUio traxit illum. AUis ex compo- 

Et vero hic prarcipue ferviifieLeonidas,& E- fito impellentibus a tergo, & opitulante A- 

phoros, inter quos ipfe erat, dicitur inflam- gidi in folitudine nemine, conjiciunt eura in 

mafTe. carcerem. Mox adfuit Leonidas cum mag- 

Quum Agis autem per reliquum temporis na mercenariorum militum manu, quibus car- 

permaneret in tcmplo, &C fueviftec ad balne- cerem foris circumfudir. Ephori ad Agim 

um per occafionem defcendere: ibi eum, ubi ingreiH, fenibus, qui ejufdem erant confihi, 

templo exceftit, fl^tuerunt arripere, captato- accitis, tanquam cum eo afturi judicio, juf- 

que articulo, quum laviflet, occurrerunt & ferunt eum aftionum fuarum caufiim dicere. 

faUitaverunteum,coraitatiquefunt, coUoquen- Ridente illo diffimulantiam iftorum, Am- 

tes & jocantes flcut cura famiUari & juvene. phares haud impune ait laturum, poenafque 

Divortium obUquum via ad carcerem habe- daturum temeritatis. Hic aUus Ephorus, tan- 

bat : ad quod quum pervenifient, Amphares quam lenior in Agim 8c culps; effugium o- 

jure magiftratus manibus Agidi injc6tfsj Du- ftendens, requifivir, patrafTetnc ea a Lyfan- 

dro 



512 A r I s. 

"AyiJ^v^, wV )Sia(9-«? juS/) iJtt' aJ^swV, 5?A6ii' q k^ fJHfj^iBp^^ tov Avhh^- 
yov cfM tIw cwtIw eAOot TroXiTeicLV^ Trcthiv 6 cwTog «^&)7>i(rgv ei fjLSTavoH 
Tolg TtiTi^y^oig. (pwoLvl^ 3 t« vidvia-KH fjLYi fjLiTavom cJm Tolg >ict?vAi" 

f^ (iiCahi^fjQ^JOigy K(ZV TCL iO)^CtTCt 7rei(T6fjSpOV CtVTOV t J^«, S-CtVCtTOV CLVtQ KCtT' 

e^^n^picrctvio, Kj t«V vT^Yj^iTcig bniXSjov d.nctyew m tUv KctXnf^Uv As>ta- 
^£t. tQto (^i sg-iv oimfJict Tijg ei^xlYig cm (i S-ctvciTQ(ri T^g KctTct(^ix.iig )hni7Fvi' 
yovlig. offfli/ Q T^g vTryj^iTctg 6 Aafxoxct^ng »' To7\fi^Tctg ctxj/a^ t^' Ayi^ 
cT^^j QfjLoiong Q ;^ T^ fjnSro(p6^(^v Tdg 7vae,i7ma.g ')km<^^i(pofB^iig >^ (pSj^ 
yovJag T6'i^yov,o^g ii S-efiiTov aVs vevofjH^rfjSpov (iainXiCdg (TCdfiaTi Tag ^ei^ 
^g 7r^<r(pi^eiv, S'ia7rei7\mctf^(^ avToic^ jc, AotcTo^JiOeiV, «A;t«i/ avTog eig 
t6 oiKnfJLa t6v 'Ayiv. ii^h y^ iiSrlwlo ttoKAo) tIuu o-y AA«\J/<i/j k^ S-o^v^c^^ Ioj 
cJ^ Tcug S-vp^ig, k^ (pcdTa 7ro?JKCti k, vra^n^rav ^TSfLiiTij^ « TQ"Ayi^(^ Kj 
>5 ftdfifjLn, jiococrcu Kj hofj^cu tov ^a^nhia 'P^ 'E^ra^ua^P^ Koya k^ KeJi- 
cmg Tvxiiv c^ Toig TrohiTcug. (^io ;^ fj,ctXig-a KaTmet'^av tIw ctvou^i(Tiv, oig 
cJia^TrayYicrofjQ^ii vvKJog, dv vrAeiovsg i7ii7\^od(TiV. 

'O fB^ ai/ ''Ayig cBn tIw g-^fycthlw 7ro^/^6fjSp(B^, wV «c^s Tiva t^ 
v7iY\e,i'^ (^aK^vovJa Kj (z^^ra^Qvla, Tlav^Tou ^g, d^nv, ca oLV^^odTn, kKcu- 
m' Kj y^ kiTOig ai^voftodg k^ d^iKOdg ^^AAJjui^©^, K^eiTlm eifjLi t^ civoU' 
^ai/lfitJt/* Kj TavT ei7rodv, Traejt^obKi la (i^x^ '^^^ t^')(y\Kov ha^Tiodg. 6 j 
' AfJL(pct^Y\g TT^ih^oiV oBri Tcig ^v^g, y^ tIjjo ' AyY\(Ti<;^Tav 7r^(T7ri(T^(Tavi 

avTtS 

dro & Agefiko coa6tus. Ubi refpondit Agis in illara cameram. Jam enim fenferant mul- 

coaftum a nemine, fed a^mulatione & cxem- ti comprehenfum, tumultufque ad fores erat 

plo Lycurgi eadem perfequutum fe inftituta: Sccrebra lumina. Aderant etiam Agidis mater 

itcrum idem rogavit, Ecquid eum poeniteret & avia vociferantes, obfeci-antefque ut rex 

faftorum. Negante juvene, quamvis extre- Spartiatarum audirctur, caufamque diceret ad 

ma pericula ante oculos cerneret, pcsnitere populum. Unde potiflimum necem matura- 

optimorum confiliorum : damnaverunt eum verunt, veriti ne, fi fuperveniflent plures, noc- 

rei capitalis, imperaveruntque liftoribus ut in te eriperetur. 

Decadem, quam appellant, eum auferrent. Is Igitur progrediens ad locum fupplicii A- 

locus in carccre eft in quo judicatos ftran- gis, ut confpexit quendam ex miniftris flen- 

gulant. Cernens autem miniftros Democha- tem 8c ingemifcentem, Mitte tu me (inquit) 

res dubitantes attingcre Agim, itemque raer- deflere: etenim ego, qui ita ncfarie & vio- 

cenarios, qui afliftebant, avertentes fe & re- lenter pereo, prsftantior fura interfe£tori- 

fugientes facinus, ut nefarium & infolens, ut bus. Ita fiitus, coUum ultro obtulit laqueo. 

corpori regis quis admoveret raanus : com- Amphares ad januam progrefliis, & Agefi- 

minatus iis Sc convitiatus, rapuit Agim ipfe ftratam ad genua fua ex familiaritatc & 

/ ami» 



A r I s. " 313 

avT^ ^ioi (7tJUJnS-eia.v k^ (piKiav, ctvoL^no-cigj y/gi/ gcpw ^'ct tov "Ayiv gVstS^ 
(iicuov ii<^l dvnM^ov' cAiiKdji Q Kdmvluu, ei jSaAoiro, TT^g tov v^ov €i<r€K- 
5«j/. m^VY\g Q ;ccM tIuu fjLriTi^ fJHT avTng Tra^ilvcu J^oyS^ng-, ii<^iv l(pi] m- 
Kvetv 6 'AfjL(pd^ng' j^ h^di^(^ dfJL^poTi^g, v^ Trdhiv y.Kei(rcu Tag ^v- 
g^ t5 h(TfJLmYieJ'^ )iiKd)(rag, tt^ts^v fj^ tLuu ' Aex^^^P-^^^^ Tra^i^cd- 
Tiiiii i]<h (r(po(^^ 7r^i(r^vTiv ^(rav, kcu TiaTayiyn^-x^^av cjv d^idfian ,ag- 
^(Vw T^ 7to7\iTiyMv. 'Sm^aviidng ij oMeivngy hi7\<^(rs tLuu 'Ayn^rtT^Tav 
'iirct) ^aS^il^eiV. cog j ei(reh^Qa-a tov ts ^ov thd^aTO X^y-^ aeif^ovy xom 
tIuu fjLnTi^ ViK^v h tQ (^^x^ K^ifiafMijluu, heivLuu fjLiV avTn Tolg vTrn- 
^iToug (TvfKaB-uM, Ka\ Tra^sKieiva^ra 72J "Ayih to (r£fia, fsfetsVfiAg Kat 
KaTSKdxv^i' t4 M^ TT^oa^Trgff-acrct, Ka\ (piT^nTatra to 7r^(rot>7rov, 'H 
7^o7\7\n (Ti, eiTTdii, a> 7rou, dj7\d^eiaKa\ to ir^dov kcu (pi7\dv^^od7rov d^rcdXi- 
(Ti fii^' nfjd^' Q 'Afi(pd^ng "M -^ B-v^g o^av Ta yiyvof^a, kcli raV 
(pmdg dKiim, g7r«cwA0s. kou Tr^g tLuu 'Ayncrif ^VctJ/ fjLiT o^yng gCp«> 
El ToiviLu TavTa ki^oKifjLaljg tm i(&), TcwTa kcu vreiG-n. kou n ' Ayn(Ti<^^Ta 
7r§og To (^^oxov dvi^^afjupn, fjLovov i(pn (rujuevifA.cu TavTa tm 'ETrd^Tn. 

TQ Trd^iig eig tLuu TroXiV cJE,aFyi7\Uv](^, kcu t^ tsa^v u^cdfjLdTCtiv \kko- 
IJLi^o[^oiv,>iKhuu (po^(^ iiTOd fiiyag, od(TTi fjLY) KaTaCpavag eivou T^g 7ro7\i- 
rag d7\yQv\ag f^ <^ Tolg yeyovo^n, f/,i(rQ\^ag 3 tqv Aio^viS^av kou Tov'AfjL- 
(pd^n' fJLnhv (^eivoTi^v fJLn^ dvo7iodTi^v, c^ a /b^OdPjLeig I\i7\o7rovvn(Tov o\kQ-. 
civ, olo;j6j|u»? cv ^TrctfTM TF^^r^x^^' (^ct(ri7\ei y), 6)? hiKs, AaKiS^ouf/.ovioiv, 

>i<^l 

amicitia provolutam excitans, Nihil, inquit, quit) fili, raodeftia, lenitas 8c humanitas no- 

gravis in Agim, vel atrocius confuletur. Juf- bifcum perdidit. Ibi Ampharcs, qui ex ja- 

fit etiam illam, fi videretur, ad filium ingre- nua fpeculabutur quid ageretur, & voces ex- 

di. IUa matrem quoque admitti fecum pre- cipiebat, irrupir, frendenfque Agefiftratx di- 

cante, Nihil, inquit, vetar, Amphares. Am- xir, Ergo fi filii flida probafti, eadcm quo- 

bas quum admififlet, & iterum claudi prsece- que ratione in te confuletur. Agefilkata 

piflet oftiura carceris, priorem Archidamiam, autem ad laqueum exfurgens, Tantum fint 

jam admodum anum, qua: in fumma inter hxc, inquit, ex ufa rempublicaj Sparta- 

cives dignitate confenuerat, ad mortem tra- na:. 

didit. Ea interfe£ta, Agefiflratam juflit in- Eo facinore inter cives enuntiato, tribufque 

troire. Quse ingreflli, ut filium fpeftavit hu- elatis cadaveribus, non fuit metus tantusquia 

mi jairentem, & exanimem ex refti penden- prx fe ferrent cives graviter iftis angi, Leo- 

tem mairem : ipfa miniftros adjuvit in ea de- nidamque & Ampharem deteftarij nihil atro- 

trahenda, coUocatumque juxta Agim corpus cius vel fceleftius, ex quo Peloponnefum in- 

ejus coopcruit 5c velavit. Inde in filium ruens coluiflent Dorii, admiflum Spartx exiftiman- 

Sc faciem ejus ofculata, Nimia tua te, (in- tes.QuipperegemLacedxmoniorum nehoftcs 

VoL. IVi Rr quidem 



314 A r I s. 

i^ih 01 Tro^KifjLioi '^ci^lcidg a> Tcug fjicix^^? ctTrcivP^ng 7r^(Ti(pi^v roig x^- 
^c, ctAA' ciTtiT^inQvlo-, h^mig -Z^ (ji^o\^)o\, to d'^i(tifAci' (ho j^ 7ro7\7\av 
y^yovoTaiv AaM^cufjLovioig dymm Ttpjg "IXhhjJdi;-» eig fjJv(^ dvnpi^Yi tt^J- 
-2^ <^t7\i7F7rimv (^o^Tk 7r7\nyeig ^Ztfet AiVKJ^, YJ^iofJL^^T'^, MiG-Luuicidv 
^ }^ SsoTroiuLvrov v7r ' AejLS^oySpag TTKriiv T^iyovlm, H (pacri AaKeS^oufjLoviQis 
7r7\r)ylwcu q fjLovov. dAKcL touutcl fjSp ix^ Tivdg dfKpi^ooAictg. CM o Aajcs- 
^cufjLovi 7r^o^T(^ "Ayig (baa-iA^m liztjo i(po^m d7ri^0LV€, Kci7\d ju^j 'i^yd: 
;^ 7r^i7rovJ(X. tw ll^rd^Tn Tt^ihoiJ^'^, Y\7\mct q yiyovodg b/ m dfJLct^Tdvov- 
ng dv&^Cdn-Qt (rvfyvcdfjLYig Ty/^ctfact' fJLiftCp^eig q \:m ^P^ (piAm S^ucu^iTs^v 
7} T^ ixh^^i '^'^^ ^ AimiS^ctv <z^i(7Cdcriy Kj Tolg dTKhoig cBifi^G^iV, nfjn- 

^(^TCLT^ }ij 7r^CLQTCtT(^ '^0{J^(^.- 

quidem teraere, quum occurreret eis in acie, Caeterum hsec aliquatenus controverfa funt, 

attingebant : fed defleftebanr, verentes vene- Lacedsemone vero primus ab Ephoris rex ed 

rantefque ejus majeftatem. Itaque multis in necatus Agis: qui egregium fa6tum 6c Spar- 

confliftibus, quos conferuerunt cum Graecis ta dignum fufceperat, 2c erat ^tate qua ho- 

Lacedasraonii, unus ante Philippi aevum lan- minibus, etiam qui deliquerint, ignofcitur: 

cea iftus cecidit in Leuftris, Cleombrotus. culpatus ab amicis reftius quam ab adverfa- 

Mefl^eniis autem Theopompum quoque ab A- riis, quod Leonidam fervaflet, & ahis fidiffec. 

riftomene aflercntibus c^fum, inficiantur La- placidiflimus & manfuetifllmus juvenis, 
cedx-mpnii, tanturamodo aiunt vuhieratum. 




K A E- 





X A,£ O M E N H 2. 

crvMa<o«v o AimS^ag, djQvg QM(pvyo\i\a: tIw q yiwcu- 
m, TToui^iov ^yyaa.v v^oyvov m -? ohiag ci7ra.ycLyodv, jStct 

KAgO|u6||U« TO qiW dUJJOdUHlVj « TTai-U ycLfJLOdV Od^V i^ovlh TYiV 
Q CLV^^CdTtOV OL7\7\Ctl (^oB-luJDU fJLYi ^aAOjuS^U©-'. /«; ^ aVtW Tg 

. jjLiyoLMg cJ^kKy]^'^ « 'AyioLTig:, Tv?.i7r7rii t» nciT^g, ^^ct ts j^ KOL7\7\ei 7roXtj 
^■■'^'Y7<7\huuiS'm ^ioL(pi^ii(ra, }i) tov t^^tov cBietmg. J^io 7^oA7\oi fjSp i^roir^criv, 
ag (poL(rh (JLY\ (iiOL&lwcu hoinpY)' (rujui7\^S(roL o eig toujto t^ K7\iofy)a, 
Tov jw9/) AiCidvii^av IfjLifretf (^ o cwtov tov veavi^rxov !w oiya^ri yujuY\ Kj 
<piAoVo^y(^5 k^biTimg aiuLa iw Aotte vr^g avTlu) haTi^ivla, kou Tiva 
. T^7rov (rvfjL7fa^^v}a t« Tf^g tov 'Ayiv ^voict j^ fjLvnfjn) -^ yvvouKog' (^(rT& )tj 
Ttvv^oLVi^ 7fo7\7\cLm ^Ztfei T^ yiyovoTCt^y^ i^ 7r^(rix^v cBifjLi7\cdg hnynfjLi- 

m 

EO exftinfto parum gnavus Leonidas fuit mo extraftam filio Cleomeni defpondit haud 

ut fratrem ejus Archidamum comprehende- fatis ad nuptias maturo. Quapropter mul- 

ret : verum confuluit ille a£lutum fugse. U- ta movit illa, uti ferunt, orans ne compel- 

xorem autem Agidis, Agiatidem nomine, leretur invita. Ut vero connubio junfta Cle- 

quse nuper pepererat filium, quod coUocari omeni fuit, Leonidam oderat, erga ipfum ado- 

cam noUet alteri, (erat enim opulenti hx- lefcentem bona uxor & amans fuit viri : qui 

res matrimonii Agiatis, Gylippi patris, xta- moxanuptiisdilexit eam,atque aliquatenus a- 

tifque & formse flore inter fceminas Grxcas moreuxorisin Agim,qua2 reminifcereturejus, 

longe praccellente, Sc probatis moribus) do- motus fuit:ac fubinde iis de rebus percunfta- 

R r 2. batur. 



3i6 K A E O M E N H S. 

VYig cAieiVY]? luu "Ayig i^s. hcLvom -^ Tr^ou^iinv. ^ o j^ (piXoTifxf^ 
^ (jLiya.ho(p^(idv KMof^Yig, k^ tt^V sf}t^TeiOLV )^ dcpiKeioLv ^x ^'^^^ ^^ 

''Ayii^(^ iV TTSipVKCdg. TO i) djKOL^oU OLyoLV CMHVH J^ TT^aOI/ iiK HXiVj CtXK(X. 

Kivl^v t) B-VIJ.Q TM (pv(ret Tr^oa-iKeiTO, v^ fX^ (r(poi^^TyiT(^ o^/ulyi tt^V 70 

(pOLiVofylOV del KOLTkOV. i(podviTO 3 tCOLT^Ktg-OV jwSjjU OuJirS }L^TeiV SKOvJoiVi KOL-^ 

Aov 3 Kj jULYi 7ret^ofj8podv c^avon, tt^; to (^sAtiov qmQ^cil^oij^ov. 

OVK Y)^i(TKl ju6j|U «f OUJTm TOL K/ TYJV TtoKiV, OLTF^yfjLO^riWY} Kj nS^OVn 
}iaTCLKiKn?\Y]fJ^Gi)V TOdV TTOKlTOOV, Kj tQ Q>OL(ri?\.i(iOg TTOLVJOL TOL Tt^yfJLOLTOL- 

Xcu^eiV iOdv](^, « fxn^etg olvtov cm^o^^^Ao») c^oAot^«J/ cv OL(p^ovoig kol) t^v- 

<pciv (^aXoiULiVOV. OLfJLi7\iifjS{J6i)V TCdV KOiVedV, KUT oIkIOUI 'iKOL<^ii TT^og OLVTOV 
i?.KQv}(^ TO Ki^idLhior d(TKY\(Ti(^g Q Kdi (TOdp^OdVVY^g ViUtV K^l KOL^TiejLOLg K^l 

\(TOTYiT(^, \d^i d(T(pOLhig Y}V TiiTCt), t£v fZcfe^ "Ayiv "^(mhcohoTm, fivnfJLovSSeiv»- 
hiy\) Kdi 7\oym (piKo(To(p(^v tov KKioiBfjhuu fJLiTCL^iiv tn fjLet^Kiov ov- 
TOL, 'E(pcu^ii t5 Bo^vt^iviTH o^gi^dKKovK^ elg Tnv AoLKst^oLifjLovoL, Kdi tts- 
f< T^g viag Kdi ra? i^pn^ag ^k dfi.iX&g <^ioLTejL^ovJ(^. q 2(p£W^(^ oif 
Tolg TT^o^Toig iyiyovH tcov Znvc^v^^ tS KtTtwg fMOL^nTm, Kdi tQ KMofiL 
vag ioiKi T" (pv(TiOog to dvJ^^ooAg dyoLnn(Tou Ti, Kdi 7r^o(TiKKOLV(TOLi tyjv (pi^ 

XOTifJLioLV. Aidavi^OLV fJLiV y) TO.V TTCLKcLLOV hiyii(TlV in^CdTY)^iv]0L, TTolog Tl^ 

avT^ (pOLivf) TToinTYig yiyovivoLi Tv^tclK^, etTreiv, dya^og vim '^vxdg olL 
xdhKeiV, ifjLmn7\d[B{joi ^ \W t&v TTOiYifjLdTm bf^ii(TiOL(TfJLQ, a^ ^dg fxd- 

batur, ^ attente exponentem audiebat Agi- guli privatim emolumentum ad fe raperent; 

dis confilium & inftitutum. Erat quidemglo- exercitationis vero, frugalitatis juventutis, to- 

ri£E Cleomenes cupidus magnanimufque, ad VerantijE, «quabilitatis etiam, lubricum erat 

temperantiamque & fimplieitatem non fe- Agide ea de caufa perempto facere mentio- 

cus ac Agis egregie natura comparatus ; fed nem. Perhibent infuper non expertem fer- 

inagna ejus cautionc atque lenitate carebat. monum philofophicorum adolefcentemetiam- 

Inerat autemingenio ejusaculeus quidam ani- num Cleomenem fuifle, quum Sphasrus Bo- 

morum, & cum ardore impetus femper ad id ryfthenites Lacediemonem appuliflet, atque 

quod videbatur ci honcftum. Videbatur ei cum pube & adolefcentia ufu habito iki- 

honeftiffimum volcntibus imperare, honeftum diofe eara doceret. Fuit inter primarios audi- 

etiam expugnare reluftantes, 6c ad id quod tores Sph^rus Zenonis Citiei, ac Cleome- 

reftum eflet adigere. nem videtur, fortitudinem ingenii ejus am» 

Non placebant porro ei mores civitatisy in plexus^ inflammafte ad gloriam. Nam Lc- 

qua otio fic voluptatibus demulcerentur ci- onidam prifcum ferunt rogatum, qui ei Tyr- 

ves, rex reipub. curam abjiceret, fi ncmo ob- tteus poeta fuifle videretur, refpondifle, Bo- 

tunderet eum, feriari in luxu & deliciis ge- nus ad demulcenJos juventucis aniinos; fl- 

ftientem: negligcrentur res publicx, 6c fin- quidem quafi afilati carminibus ejus ruebant 

in 



K A E O M E N H S. 317 

fji(ihi<^aL eig to ohelov dycL^ov cB^^kS^miV. 

'E7r« 3 Ti7\^TY\(rcLv\(^ tQ Aimihi tLuu (2>ct(n7^.etctv Tra^iT^.ci^^iy y^ t«V 
•jtoKvrag TOTi S^ TravloiTroLcriv c4«AgAi/|LO/ib(^ w^, i^ fj^ TvXwm m^' 
YjS^ovdg UIa? ^ nXiovi^lag Tra^^dvlodv Tct Ttoivoi, t^ q TroAAfflj/, J*(a to 
TT^-fleiV mmg <3fe« Tct ok«ct, k^ TT^og tov TtoT^iiJLov otTr^^vjLiodV, Kj tt^q^ 
Tltu dyodyhuij cLcpiKoTlfJLOdV yiyovoTCov' oujtQ o ovojulol (^oL<riKSjov}(^ «j/ ^o- 
voVj M d^x^ 7rd(roL t^ gcpo^&ii/* <^'0yV //^ «V :/ai/ sOsto Tct Tra^ovloL lULi^- 
iqdvcjUL i^ }imv. ov\(^ o avT^ ^^^^ Zivde;6g g^fa yiyovoT^^ ( t«to o 
iu.-KVei^ Aaxi^oJifjLovioi >ca?^S(riv) dwiTrei^To TiiTHj <S^ia7rvy^avofj^(^ tov 
"Ayiv oTfolQ^ 'j^oiTo (haa-iK^g, Kj Tm t^ottc^ k^ ^ Tmv cBi TavTlw gAOot 
tUv o^ov. 0. Bivd^Yig to pfj n^odTov »;t dMg ifjLifJLvnTo Tm vr^yfjLd- 
TWV cALeiVOdV, wV STT^^On ^tctd' 'krtfct fA.v^o7\oyodV K, hy)y>iij^(^' dg q ^ 
KaTa(pavYig avi^ o KAgof/9/j«? g^Trotdkg^i' Tr^^a-g;:^^)!', j^ m^ifJLiv^^ uVg^- 

(?)y^$ TTf 0? t!m) KCUVOTOfJLiaV t5 "Ay{(J\^, ;^ TOt^TOt TTOKhdKig aVsfii/ |Sa- 

Ao'|u9/j^> gTrgTrAwJgi/ ctuTa Tr^oV ofy^' o Hsi/ct^w^-, aV' a';:^ vyiouvovli' y,(u 
Tih(^ dTrkn T» J^ictAlygc^ »9. cpotTai/ Tr^oV ctyVoi/. ac^fcVj fj^Toi tIw cuTiav 
i(ppaiTi "1" ^ia<po^g-, ctAA avTov i<pYi yivd^rmv hmvov. «Vw q. t^ Eivd^ag 
dv\iK^>i(rav\(^y KMof£{Ji\g Kj t^V aAA»? o^o<6t)? g;^«i/ «ys^gj/C^, ctJToV 
ai icwT^ <^^^i'^'<'^^ '^^^ TT^^iv. Q\ofiiv(^ <^' dv Qjv noKifxcd fjLd70\ov n Kar 

H^YiVYW 

in proelia falutis fuje prodigi. Stoica vero ejus fuerat, (Lacedsemonii dicunt I,a7rv«c%) 

difciplina magna 8c acria ingenia in ancipitia hujus animum coepit periclitari, percundtan- 

& temeraria nonnihil inclinat : quje fi cum do qui rex Agis fuifTet, & qua ratione, & qui- 

eravi & manfueto temperata animo flt, aflur- bufcum in ea efTet delatus confilia. Xenares 

git imprimis, Sc reddit fru£tum fuum pecu- primum meminit non invitus illarum rerum, 

liarem. ^ qu£eq,ue geflas erant narrans atque expo- 

Poflquam defunfto Leonida regnum acce- nens. Ut vero Cleomenem fenfit intentum 

pit Cleomenes, 8c cives ea tempettate penitus ardentius, Sc mirifice duci Agidis innovatio- 

animadvertit difrolutos, poflponentibus ob ne, eademque crebrius audire aventem : ca- 

privatum luxum 8c compendium rempub. di- fligavit eum acriter Xenares quafi infanien- 

vitibus, plebe autem propter rei familiaris tem,. ac poflremo praefcidit cum eo colloquii 

anguflias ad bellum pigra, 8c ad difciplinam 8c ufum: nemini caufam tamen detexit alie- 

pueritiae focordi reddita: nomine vero ipfe nationis, fed illum ipfum ait eam nofTe. Ira 

tantum regis fruebatur, rerum erat penes E- reludlato Xenare, exiflimans Cieomenes ejuf- 

phoros omnium arbitrium : adjecit protinus dem animi CEeteros efle, ipfe rei aggrediendie 

ad res novandas 8c movendas animum. Qui Ilruxit fecum confilium. Quia vero in bello 

amicuai quum haberet Xenarem, qui amatoi,- raagis quara otio moturum fe arbitrabatur 



:5i8 KAEOMENHS; 

cwT^g ^iS^ovla.g ifKMf^ciTOiiv 7r^(poL(retg. o y:> "A^t©^ l^vm (JLiyi^ov bt 
ToHg 'A^cMoIf, g^aAgro (j^ cJ^ cii^X^g eig mctv (TiujTa^iv dyayiiv DgTvo- 
7[-ovvY]a-iiig''iij tSto t&v TroAAav g-^rnytai' cwtw -^ t" jULaK^g mA^Teiag Iw 
Tih(^y Y^yniBpod fjLovm av iiT^g oivinix^^^Tiig i(ri^ Tolg cMlog 7ro7\ifj.ioi.g. 
iTrei 'P^ dhTKCdv yiS^ov dnctvlm cwt^ TT^iryeyovoT&iv, dniN^Tiov^o AaK&~ 
S^cufjLovioi ;^ 'Ha«o{, k^ o(toi. AaKi^ouf^ovioig 'A^KdS^m 7r^(reixoh dfj.a t^ 
Tov Amvii^av )k^^aveiv 7ra^Y\vcdx^^ Toig 'Af>caVi, ty aj^iKOTtliv ojjt^ fj.cL' 
At^of.raV Toig ' Ax^^-^i^ 6fj.o§Qv}ag' ^^7uei^(£i^(^ t^ Aa>Li^cufj.ovimy y^ 
tQ KAeoijSpag &)V vin Kj dTrei^a }iaTa(p^vm. 

^E?t raVa KAtop9fjlw TT^ooTov ol i(po^i ^FifJLTni^TL >LaTaXyi'^(if^ov to (U^ 
tIw ' BiA^^ivav 'A^lwcuov. g^^oAvi q -^ AaKmMiig t6 x^^ov gf j, Jt, TOTi 
TTpJg T^g y\.iya7\07to7\iTag Iw cBithKov. KaTa7\aC6v](^ q tQto k^ TetxtoraV' 
T^ tQ KMofjSfngi 6 "A^t(^ Q^lv g/JcctAgo-a^, ctAAot vvxJog cm<^^t^' 
<ragy g7rg;^«^no-s TgygctVcM? j^ 'O^x^^^ioig- t^ o 7r^<^o,-p^ ^smS^c-thiacraV' 
Tm, 6 (ti^u "A^.T^ «vg;;^&)^Jio-g, AgAnOgvcw vofj.i^m' 6 yKMot^y^g ei^meicL 
X§(^P^^ gyc^^^^s 7r^g cwtqv-, wV ^« cs^. (piAa 7riw^av6{^(^, TfQ -^ 
vvKlog c/^gAOot. tS '"^ dvJiy^^^avl^^yug 'imvov-Bi7\^ivav fj,i?J\eiV Tetxil^<^V 
d}Lii(rag, naTa^couYi tQto K0i7\vcrm' TrctAtv o KAgof/^'»? ^iyag-eiAct?, tsto 
IjSfj iiTOdg Ix^^ '^'^" 7rg7r«^' T^g o (^otv«V J^ TotV KhifjLaKagy «jrgi/, «' /W») 
Tt' croi Sia(pi^ei, y^-^ov Y\fJAV, cJm Ti croi 7ra^YiKo?\iiQiiv ^ tS o 'A^th 

ftatum reipub. commifit civltatem cum Acha:- Belbinam occupandum. Aditus ea arx La- 

is : qui ipfi querelarum anfas dederant. Ara- conias eft, eratque Lacedcemoniis ea tempe- 

tus namque, cujus erat autoritas apud Achie- ftate cum Megalopolitanis controverfa. Hanc 

os fumma, moliebatur a primo ut in unum quum occupaflet & muniviflet Cleomenes, 

corpus Peloponnefios redigeret j eoque mul- Aratus fine uUa expoftulatione infefto exer- 

t£e ejus domi bellique aftiones fpeftabant ; citu Tegeatas 8c Orchomenios eft no£l:e ad- 

quod una ea ratione libcros cenferet ab hofti- ortus. At proditorum ignavia Aratus re in- 

bus externis fore. Quum vero reliquis ei fo- fe6ta retro cefllt, neminem id arbitratus fen- 

ciatis fere oranibus, fupereflent Lacedxmo- fifle. At Cleomenes jocofe per literas ab eo 

nii, Elei, £c qui Arcadum Lacedsmoniis ad- ficutamico requifivit quo movifl^et nofte.Qui 

harrebant : fimul ut deceflSt Leonidas, infef- ut refcripfit, nuntiato Belbinara ipfum fepire 

tavir Arcadas, vaftavitque prajcipueeos qui A- parare, profeftum fe ad id impediendiim: 

chiEiserantfinitimi;Laceda:moniostcntans, ac Cleomenes iterum per nuntios ita rem habe- 

CleomenemutjuvenemSctyronem defpiciens. re fignificavit crcdere fe: verum hoc, faces, 

Hinc Clcomencm primum Ephori mittunt inquit, 6c fcalce, nifi quid tua intercft, fcribe 

ad Athenxum (templum eft Minervae) prope mihi quo te fequebantur? Ridente ad facctias 

ejus 



l 



KAEOMENH2. 319 

jT^^V TQ (Tm^fJLCi yiKci(Tav\(^3 "^ TFvv^ctvof^a Trolog jig 6 Hdvlcryd^ ein, 
AnfjLOKP^TYig 6 AciKiS'cufj.ovi(^ (pvyoLg» Ei' n TT^TJet?, i(py], vr^g Aolks- 
S^DUfjLoviag-, a^ croi. tclx^^v tt^o tQ KivJ^ (pvcrcu tStov tov moiov. cm 
TiiTH KMofj,hei (X} iTrmm oxiyddv k^ %iQ^v TeAciKo(rim cm 'A^mJ^ici <^^~ 
TOTti^^o^ivcd 7r^<TiTCi'^ciV oivoLxcti^^v 01 l<po^h (po^^iy^oi Tov noK^^ov. 
iTfel ctVa;:^6)f«o-a^/(^ cwtQ KaCpvoLg ihct^^iV 6 "A^^r©--, cwB-ig cJ^iTreibL- 

TfOV TOV KMOjbLivlw. hOL^0vl(^ Q OUtJTH MsOuJ^e^Ol/, yi^ tIw 'A^yoAlxIw KCL- 

Ta^^^ov\(^-, cJli9^T<^(rciV oi 'Axcuoi S^idfj.veJ.oig iri^oig k^ x^^^^^^ 4^- 
%£(Tiy, ' Aoj^^oyLcix^ <F^Ti)yQvJ(^' d.'KcLv\r\(Taiv\(^ q fZefec Y{aXci\i\\,ov KAs- 
opLiv^g, Y^ (^nAoiuLiVii fj.cixA (po^n^etg tIw To7\fJLav o "Afctr©^, ^k eiacTi 
^ia}ciV(^vv£(Tou Tov q^Tnyov, oKK a7r«A0g, 7\oi^oe;6\B^(^ fjLtv \W -j^ 
'Axcum, X^^ol(pA^^ ^ KaTacp^oviii^^ \:^ -j^J" Aau^oufjLovicaVy 
«J^g "KivlaKi^iTKiodv To ttM^^^ ovlodv. juLiyag «f tJ (pj^ovn/Lcan yeyovcdg 6 
KMofjLivngj i^^criwiTo vr^g t«V TrohiTag' k^ t^v iiaXcium tiv(^ ouuT^g 
dvifJiifJLvn^TKi ^a(Ti7\iCdv, «Vovl©^ on fjLOLTlw AaxiS^oufjLovioi Trvv^dvoiTS ^^ 
TU>V 7f07\ifxioiV b! TfOCTOi ddiV, d7\7\d 7r« eiVii/. 

'E7r« Toig '}r{7\eioig 7ro7\iftiifjLivoig vm t£v 'Axct^^v (ionQn(Tag, Kj rztfei 
To AvKcuov dTri^G-iV n^n Toig 'Axctioig cJ^^a7\ddv, aitav fLiv ST^i-^aTo ji 
^n7f]on(TiV oLVT&v To <^^T^fx.a, (Tvxv^? dvei7\i. yij l^ddvjag t7\aCiv, o^ctt& 
>t, (Z^ 'A^TH cpnfilw cjii7fi(TeiV eig xaV "E7\7\Iwag cdg T^^vnKOT^^' o jxiv Jj/ 
'^A^T©-'j ct£/fa t4 y-cae,^ ;^^«crct|u$^©^, 'o% -^ T^7fn<; metPn? d^^vg cJm 

Motf- 

cjus Arato, roganteque qui juvenis efl^et, De- difcrimen adducerc, abfceflltque : unde pro- 

inocrates Lacedjemonius exul, Siquid in ani- bris profciflus ab Acha;is eft, a Lacedsmo- 

mo habes, inquit,contra Laced£emonios, pro- niis vero, qui quinque millium numerum 

perandum tibi efl prius quam huic pullo non explebant, derifus & defpe£i:us. Ita- 

crefcant aculci. Inde Cleomeni cum paucis que inflatus animo Cleomenes glorianfque 

equitibus 6c peditibus trecentis in Arcadia apud cives, commonuit veteris cujufpiam re- 

ftativa habenti, edixerunt ei, metuentes bel- gis, qui dixerat nunquam de hoftibus quas- 

li, Ephori, ut fe reciperet.Ut fecundum de- rere Laceda;raonios quot efTenr, fed ubi ei- 

ceflum ejus cepit Aratus Caphyas, miferunt fent. 

denuo Cleomenern cura copiis. Qui ut JVIe- Poftquam vero Eleis, quibus armo infe- 

thydrium ccpit, & fines Argolicos efl: popu- rebant Acha:i, opem tulit, & ad Lyc^um 

ktus, infefti Acha;i viginti millibus peditum in recipientes jam fe Achieos invcaus, to- 

& mille equitibus figna pr^etore Ariftoma- tum pcrculit & pepuht exercitum, multos- 

cho exculere. Occurrente ad Palantium Cle- occidit cepitque, ut fama manaret per Gr^e- 

omene, & dimicare geftiente, trcpidans au- ciam Aratum cecidifle: opcime ufus Aratus 

daciam ejus Aratus difluafit pra;tori rem in tempore, raptim ex illa fuga Mantineam> 

petiic,. 



320 K A E O M E N H s; 

Maniveiav ^aOs, k^ fLtnhvog glv 7r^(T^om(rcLv](^j «As Tbju nohiv kdu mri^i. 

"P^ AdKiJ^cujULovm 7rav\cincL(Ti Toug yvu>fxcug (iva.7n(Tov\m-> jt, i^ KAso- 

fu6i|Je< TT^g Tclg <^^Teictg cyi)i9a.^(i^v, 0d^fA.Yi(re fXiTCLTttfmi^ tov ''Ayi^(^ 

diiTKCpov 'A^x^S^ctuov m Micrlwyjgy ca ^cLcrihdjm "M t' Wi^ ohidg Iw 

Tt^dmov, oUiSf^ dfJL^KvTi^v tIw '^ i(po^cjdv d^x^ sVsc^, 1? )Sao-{- 

Midg Woypma Kj oKo^ihn^H '^o^ng. ol o dvn^moT.ig tt^ts^v tov ''Ayiv, 

m^oiJ^oi tQto, j^ (po^^n^ivJig fjtn (^Ulw S^Sidi ra 'A^x^S^dfJL^ KCLTih^dvJ(^, 

ki^i^oLvlo f^j ca/Tov «V Tnv TioKiv c^^^^diMpov }i^v(pciy Kj (TvfmTnyoVi Sj. 

^vg 3 dTfiKJeiVDLV' eiTi dK.ovl'(^ ra KAsof/^W, cog ois) ^uAa^;)^©^, etTS 

7rei^iv](^ 'ilm t^ (piAwv ^ Tt^oiiBp^ tov dv^^odnov cajTolg. '^ ^ cuTioLg to 

7i7\ei?ov lir cAieivag «A&g, ps^otd^cu tov KMof^lw J^oitQvJag. 

Ov (JLnv dKhd Kivm' di^vg kyvmcag Td k^ Tnv vrdhiv, iireKTi raV \(pd^ 

^ag x^njULcKTiVy ovrcdg cujtu '^n(pi(TCtiv^ s-^TetoLV. ih^7rdj(Ti q ■^ t&v ctA- 

hm (Tvxv^'? S^a T' fxnr^g K^.Tn(Ti)iheictg d(pei<^6^g (Tvfxo^nyii(Tng /^ (TVfjL- 

(PihoTifjLHfjLmg. n yi x, ydfju^d fxn hofLivn-, Aeyg^ Sid tov ljoi/ d\S^ Aa- 

^m 7r^(t)T<^ov}cL Sd^n -^ ^wudfxei i^ 7rohiTCOV. c^ctycLyodv 'j Tnv <^^Teiuv, 

T^dfJL^dvei '} Miya7\07rohiTi(S^'(^ ;^&)eioi/ AiVKJ^' k^ •^ofJLivng Tt^g cw- 

Tov d^eicLg tSv 'AxcuodV ^onOWot?, 'A^th ^^TnyQvJ(^, \;m Tnv 7rdhiv 

ojuTYjV et^^Tct^df^^ YiTin^n fxi^ei tivi tQ <^^T^fxcLT<^. iJtei j) x<^-- 

^S^y Tivd (^GL^etoLV a;i «cto-g hct^nvcu t«V 'Ax^u^g d "Afar©^, ctAA* 

fTri^n^Ti Tnv ^itt^^iv, dycLvoLKlav q AvS^ict^ctg d MiyoLhoTrohiTng (Ttwi^od^fjin-. 

(Ti 

pctiit, atque ex improvifo potitus oppido, crederentur Cleomeni. 

impofuit prjefidium. Laccdazmoniis vero fe- Novare nihilominus ex continenti rem- 

nicl animo fradis, 6c Cleomeni bellum ngi- publicam certus,induxitpecuniaEphoros quo 

tanti refragantibus, inftitit Agidis fratremAr- bellum permitterent fibi. Conciliavit & ali- 

chidamum a MclTene revocare, ad quem reg- os multos matre interprete Crateficlea, qus 

num ex altera familia fpeftabat > poteftatem nummos ei fuppeditabat large, ejufque fer- 

obtufiorem exiftimans Ephororum fore, fi ae- j^viebat glorix : quippe etiam dicitur filii 

quiUbre illi regnum & integrum efiet. Ve- gnuia nupfifle, quum id non affedaret, vi- 

rum ubi fenferunt id qui Agin ante interfece- ro principi autoritate & opibus civitatis. 

rant, fGrrri;dr.1tCS uc rcvcno ab exilio Ar- Eduftis copiis occupat Leuftra, agri Mega- 

chidamo luerent poenas, acceperunt illum lopolitani ©ppidum. Quum propere Achsi 

quidem in civitatem clam ingreflum, & re- eo fuccurriflent prjetore Arato, fub oppidi 

ditum ejus adjuverunt : fed illico intereme- moenibus figna conferens aliqua parte exer- 

runt eum, five invito Cleomene, ut opinio citus inclinavit. QLiia vero locum quendam 

cft Phylarchi, five expugnato & condonante cavum non permifit Ach^os Aratus tranf- 

illis Archidamum : nam crimen maxima ex mittere, fed receptui cecinit: Lydiadas au- 

parte in illos recidit, quod vim adhibuifle tera Megaiopoiitanus frendens concitavit e- 

" qui'» 



K A E O M E N H S. 321 

Toix(*^v fJLi<^ov ai(rei(rcigy >^ ^iacm-ci^eig (^ tcwtu, >icni(ag ix.7rri7\7\ciTli,' kclt^ 
iS^cidV KMoiB{Ji)g dvui t«V Tcn^vlim i^ T^g KfWTct? Itt cwtov, v(p' &\) 
6 AvhciS^OLg cifjLuu6^(^ ^e,(^^(Ag gVgo-g. tt^j? t^tq 3-ctpp»Vcti/7g? o\ Aau^ 

, i^cufJLOvm i"? ^0«? ovs^ctAoi/ Tor? 'A;^oMo7?, ^9 t^ttIw oXa ry g-^TdjjbLoL' 
T©^ iTroiYKTctv. >^9avoi/1&)i/ <ry;^»/&)j/, t»V (t/V' ctAAa? -usraCT-oi/cTa? o KAso- 
|u$Ju«? dm^oiu, TQV i) AvS^id^a Viz^v dx^^cu yr^g cwtov Ki7^^(Tag, 
KO(TfJLY\(Tag TTo^cpveJi-^h >9 '^ifpavov zJh^eig, it^g Tag "KvKag t^ MeyaAo- 
no7\ii^ ct7rg$-«A2J/. «t©-' ZtJ AvS^idS^ag, 6 mTa^ii^^^ tI/j) Tvp^vviJ^a, ii 
Tolg 7Fo7^.iTcug ^^S^^g ty\v gA^Ose^ai/, y^ t«i/ 7roA(i/ 7r^(r}iofzi(rag 'Axcuolg. 
'Ek TiiTH KT^iof^ng f^iya (p^vodv HS^n, j^ 7Ci7tei(jiB{j(^, dv 6jV jS^Ag^ 

" ToTe- 7^^yfJLa(n x^^A^^ TroAg^aw tt^V t^V 'A^^om^V, '^ctSi(dg Smii^Tn- 
c-civ, UiS^a^THi Tov T' fJLYiT^g dvS^ Miyi<^6viiv, cag x^^ '^ s(p6§Cfiv dTraA- 
ha^Tag eig fJLi(Tov B-iiVcu Ta v}rifxaTa Tolg zo7\iTcug, k^ tyjv ^Trd^Thju 
'i(Tlw '^ofjS{jlw syei^civ Kj TC^odyav cJm Tnv -^ 'E7\7\d<^(B^ nyif/.oviav. 7rei~ 
^ivl(^ J"' cMeiva, S^vo tS)V d7\7\(xiV (pi7^(e)V « T^eig Tr^o-sAct^g. (tvjji^-a (^ikX 
rdg Yifii^g cAieivag /C, twi/ k(p6^(t)v ha KoifjLc^fjbpov cv Ila(Ti(pdag ova^ 
ISeiv ^cwfj.a?6v' 2S6m '^ cv S t^ttc^ ToHg l(p6^ig gg-) Kahl^Qfj^Qig x?^f^^- 
Ti(!\iV, iva Sicppov x«c^, T^g q Tirla^g dvYj^YiSi^' %^ B-ajufj.d^ovl(^ avTS, 
<p(jdVYiv cM T« ke,^ '^s^, <p^^>i(Tav cag tSto tm ^7rd^Tn Kmv Wi. Tav- 
tIw TYiV o-^iv <^iY)y>if^ii Ta i(p6^ii 7r^g tov KT^^iOfJ^^lw, tq f.S^i) tt^Stov 

quites qui circa eum crant, dumque inhjeret Hinc Cleomenes animis fublatus, fibique 

tergis hoftium, in locum vineis, foffis & ma- perfuadens, fi ex arbitrio fuo agere poflet, bel- 

ceriis impeditum prxcipitatus, divulfo in his lum cum Achsis gerens, proclivi fe poticu- 

equitatu, segre expediebat fe : Cleomenes re rum vi£toria: vitrico Megiftono demonftrat 

animadverfa immifit in eum Tarentinos & miflbs faciendos Ephoros, poflefiionefque eCCe 

Cretenfcs, a quibus Lydiadas fortiter pugnans inter civcs communicandas, Spartamque ad 

interfeftus eft. Inde erefti Lacedasmonii, ^qualitatem redigcndam, atque ita crigendam 

clamore fublato impreflionem dederunt inA- atque ad imperium provehcndam Gr.-ecix: 

chaeos : quorum univerfum profligaverunt ex- quo afienciente, duos aut tres amicos alios ad- 

ercitum. Ca;fo ingenti numero, reliquos Cle- junxit. Per eofdem forte dies uni ex Ephoris 

omenes datis induciis reddidit. Lydiadae cor- in fano Pafiphaes dormienti mirum fomnium 

pus ad fe praecepit afferri : quod purpura ex- fuit oblatum. Videbatur ei, quo loco confi- 

ornarum , injefta corona, ad portas Me- dere Ephoris folenneeft ad jus dicendum,una 

galopohtanovum remifit. Hic fuit Lydia- fella pofita, 8c quatuor fublatx : quum obftu- 

das qui pofita tyrannide & Hbertate popu- pefcerer, vox cx fano reddita, qux id diceret 

laribus reddita civitatem fuam aflbciavic A- Spartie conducibiliu« efl^e. Hanc vifioncni 

cha.-is. narrante Cleomeni E^^horo, primum percul- 
VoL. IV. 3f fui 



322 K A E O M E N H S. 

i^i^ Tov J\>5ya^2i/ov, k^ciy^n(TU v^ Tkol^oCov ixra? V7r(^7fl<^(r& fJLciKi^^cJL Tm 
ttoKitSv c^ctvJiooa-i^ Tr^g twj/ TT^^iVy 'H^cuav k^ 'kh(Touciv m^ 7roA«? 
ToLTlofjSiJcig TjzOT ToHg 'Ax^oi? «^^" ^ ^""0" «Vwycf^ 'O^x^fjLivloi?, acd 
MayJiveioL Tra^i^^^TOTFi^^dja-i' j^ oAm? «Vw ;^ >cctT&) (JLcu^cug no^acuq >c7d- 
T^^t/ca^ T«V Aa^LiJ^cufjLovia?, clm7\imy avTUV ^inUvlm t»V "^oT^xQg cy 'A^- 
Ka^ict, T«V fJLiSro(^o^^g g;^6)j' ayVoV c^^ twj' 2^7roL^Tl(ju Ix^?^' ^j ^^"^' 
oVo\ o& o^V^s fjLOLhi^a mh&g Tr^og avTov 'ix^^y ctvgJtoivsTo t«j/ yvodfjLnv, 
}i 7re,oMi ^ii^lw, oSg fs^ To SiiTtvov ii(ri Toig 's(po^oig cJmTficoi. 

TiVOfjLiv^ T" TfoKiOig 'ifyvg, Ev^vKTKciS^av fJLiV eig to tSiV 'i<po^6dV cycr- 
ciTiov d^rig-eiMv, &)V Tivct Tra^' ctuVa T^oyov )^ s^^Tciag zofzil^ovla' 0«- 
CAKicov 3 K^ <Poi^ig, Kj Ho TiSv (TiWT^o(pm t» Khiofzivag, ^g 'EafJLoQ^Kag 
Ka7\S(riv, 'i7rmo?^ii^iiv s-^Ticorag oxlyag 'ix^^vlig- 'in q ts Ev^vKheiS^a ^ia- 
7\.iyofJLiVii Toig 'i(pd§oig, cBiS^^fJidvlig 'icmau-fxivcug Tcug fjLax^^^? iTTcuov 
avTiig. d fJLiV h Tt^m^^ 'AymAa(^ ddg 'i7rhi)yy} 7ri(rodv, Kj TiS-voivcu S^d- 
^ag, oLT^ifjLa crtwayaycdv j^ 7ra§i7\Ka)V iouuTov qm tQ o'mfjLaT(^, 'iAaQiv 

«V Tl (S^CdfjLOLTlOV ^(Ti^7tV(Tag fJLiK^dv, Oo^» fJLiV ^V li^OV, (jiXT^Cdg Q KiKTKCi^T- 
(JLiVOV dei, T^Ti C46 TVX^? oivi(t)yfJLiVOV gTJ/^Ctl/g'A «V T^TO (TlWiVifKCOV 
iOJUTOV CLTtiKXeKTi TO ^VC^OV. ol Q TiOTa^ig civY}^i^Y\(TaV, K^ TCdV o^^OW^ai/- 

Tcov avToig wT^eiovig w cTkct. t»V ^ Yi<TvxioLV oiyovlcLg ^k 'iKleivov, sJ^g tsV 

ius fuit, pertentari fe ex aliqua fufpicione ra- mifit ad conviviurn Ephororum, quafi cer- 

tus. Ut fides fafta ei eft non fingere nar- ta mandata ab ipfo liaberet ad eos de bel- 

rantem, confirmatus eft, duftifque fecum ci- lo. Hunc fubfequuti funt Thericion Phoe- 

vibus, quos maxime fufpicabatur ccepta fua bifque, 6c duo qui cum Cleomene fuerant 

oppugnaturos, Herxam 8c Alfjeam contri- educati, quos Samothracas vocabant, cum 

buta Achaeis oppida cepit, commeatufque modica mihtum manu. Hi, colloquentc 

importavit Orchomeniis, Sc fub muris Man- adhuc cum Ephoris EurycHda, diftriftis ir- 

tinese caftra locavit. Denique longis itine- rumpentes gladiis conciderunt eos. Primus 

ribus furfum atque deorfum fatigatos Lace- Agefilaus, ut concidit videreturque efle mor- 

da;monios reliquit majore ex paite, quum id tuus, colhgens fenfim fe & evolvens ex tri- 

peterent, in Arcadia: mercenarium autem chnio, irrepfit clam in aediculam quae Ti- 

mihtem fecum trahens, Spartam contendit, moris fanum erat, ahaique perpetuo clau- 

atque in itinere iUis quos maxime fidos fibi fum , tum forte patebat. Eo poftquam fe 

credebar, aperuit confiHum fuum. Lento ag- intro conjecit, januam occkifit. Reliqui 

mine progrediebatur, ut coenantes occuparet quatuor occifi funt, & qui fubvcnicbant 

Ephoros. his, plus deccm. Nam fiqui quiefcerent, 

Ut prope urbem venit, Euryclidam prx- hos non interfecenint, neque retinuerunc 

S - exr 



K A E O M E N H 2. 523 

dmovlccg cM -^ mKihg cMCdKvov. i<p€i(rcx.v}o cTg k^ ra 'AymKct-d ij,iQ' ^fxi- 

"E<rt Kj AaTiiScufJLonoii; a Oo^y [JLom, oihXoL k^ QctvciTii ;^ rgAdar©^ 
ii ToedTm GL?<A(tiv ncL^Y\(xcLT(tiV k^' TifuLmi 5 "^o" ^o^ov, ii^-, cd<T7r^ aV 
"ic^T^iTTov^ S^cu^oVcL?, Y^y^l^oi (hha^i^v-, aAAct tIw TToKiTeictv (iictAis-a. 
(Ttujix^^ "oV? yoyiil^pvlig. i^io i^ Tf^iKYi^vflov oi t(po^i Tolg TroKiToug «V 
tIw d^x^ d<nov}ig) oog 'Ae/fOTihm (pm, Ket^nd^ tov fjLvg-cDcoL, k^ 7r^(r- 
i^^v Tolg vofjLQig, 'ivoL fjLn ;^otAg7rot acrii/ oLUTolg' to tQ fxv<^a}t(^, (nfxai, 
TT^TeivovJig, oTTOig j^ (^ to, fjLi>L^TaTa T^g ving Trei^af^eiv s^il^axrt. kou 
tIw cLvS^^eiav H fjLoi J^okS^tiv, iiK ci(po^iav, olATkcI (po<^ov -^oyii }i J^g©^ 
d^o^iag oi nahaio) vofxil^iV. oi 'p hiXoTaTOi it^g T^g vofjLng, 3-appaA26)- 
raTOi TT^g raV TToMfJLiag el(ri' k^ to TraB-eiv ms-a hS^ia^nv, oi fjLctH^^a 
(po^H[^oi To Kamg olkQ^tcu. ^io kou KaKoog o eiTTcav, 
. 'iva y^ <^i(^, h^a >t, omJ^wV. 

KOU "OfJLY\e,^, 



Ki^oUg Ti fJLOi loTi (piM iKv^i i^eivog n. 



KOU, 



'Eiy^ (^ei^iOTig (TYifxoivlo^g. 
To ^ al^twi^ fXOLKi^a (yvfjL^ouvH TT^og »V km to h^oiKivou ToHg TtoKKolg. 
^io Kcu a^ To T^ ipo^odv G-voriTiov i<^^v(ravJo tov <I>o^ot/, ci> AauS^oufjLovi 
fxova^X^iag ifyvTOLTOd KaTa(rK^a<rdi^oi to ol^x^^^' 

'O 

excedentes urbe. Pepercerunt etiam Agefilao fed probri trepidatlonem atque infamis; me- 

poftero die ex fano prodeunti. tum exiftimafle ; fiquidem timidiffimi legum, 

Sunt apud LacedsimoniosnonTimorismo- funt adverfus hoftes animofiffimi: & pati 

do, verum Mortis etiam, Rifufque, atque a- quidvis minime timent, qui maxirae trepidant 

liorum ejufccmodi affeduum templa. Timo- male audire. Quapropter dixit quidam redc, 
rem autem venerantur, non quod, ficut quos Hamque verecundus metus comes efi pudor. 

deteftantur genios, arbitrentur noxium : fed £j. fjomerus 

quod contineri rempub. imprimis arbitrentur ^ ., . , r , , 

timore. auapropter proclamari jubebantE- ^^ rniht chare focer reverendus, tu metuendus, 

phori in concione, quum magiftratum ini- ' 

rent, (ut autor eft Ariftoteles) mentura ut T)u£lorumque metu taciti • 

raderent, & legibus adverterent animum, ne Nam erubefcere potiflimum illos folet vulgus 

fieviFent in ipfos. Quod ad mentum attinet, quos metuit. Quare juxta Ephororum tri- 

proponunt, meo judicio, ut etiam in minimis clinium pofuerunt Lacedsmone a^dem Ti- 

.afluefcat juventus parere. Ac foititudinem moris, quod fere in regiam poteftatem eve- 

jnihi videntur prifci non intrepidum animum, xiiTent magiftratum. 

S f i Igltur 



324 K A E O M E N H S. 

;caO«|t4(;©^ ifjLiAMv cuuTog ;;^f»i^otTt^«v. c4t>cA)ia-tctv q TroinVa^, «VgAoyeiTO 
rKfei 'PiS TTiTr^yfJ^odv. i(pr) y^ vm t^ AvKii^ya Tolg f^ao-iAguc-t (rvfjLfjn- 
^^lujou T^? yi^vloLg, k^ ttoT^uv ;^^'i/ov «t6) <^ioim^ t«v TroAty, aJ^gi; grg- 
€^^ a^;:^«V hof^JYig. v?i^v q t» tt^V Mg^^t»? ttoKi^h illolk^h ^o^lL 
»a, TaV P>0L(ri7^eig (^ioi Toig ^^THctg ci<^o?Kiig ovJag cwT^g ir^g to KejLveiVy 
cu^ei^ Tivoig qm t^ C^iihm v^ >c77>A«7r«t/ To^ig wo7\iTcug oiv^' iouu^, g(po- 
^ag TT^G-oLyo^^^ivloLg, k^ ^iOLTi7\eiv Ts TiiTkig To TT^mov vTrn^kag t^. 
(loL(TiAiOdV ovloLg, moL y($ fjLiK^v elg iouuT^g tLuu SimioLV zfh9^i(!;)ov\cLg, j^ 

iiTm 7\0L^eiv ihoV OL^X^^^ KOLTi<TK^JCLO-(^'dg. (TYIfziioV Q T\iTH, TO jU.iXe/' ^VV, 
fJLiTOLTtifJLTtOl^ODV TOV (boLG-l7\iCi T^ k(pO^(t)Vy TO Tf^CdTOV civ\l7\iyaV K, TO ^iV- 
Ti^V TO Te/TOV K0L7\.iiv}0)V, dvCfSCLvloL (ici(^i[^eiV TT^g OUUT-dg' J^ TOV TT^C^- 

Tov Sh(T(po^evvoL?\a tIw ol^X^ i; ctvoLTetvctfj^ov 'A<^i^Ot)7rov, n7\mcug yVs- 
pQV 7to7\7\ciig i(po^v ^i^. jbLiTeJLct^ovlcig fiS/j iiV oLUTiig k^htIov luu \^. 
[jLiveiv, (^'^ao-ici. cJh^iTC^ tIuu TTOLTeJLov KctTcchvovJag ci^x^^ ^'^T^- "^ I^OL- 
o-iAg&)i/ T^g (J^p Sii7\oujveiV-> T^g o "^Klmtujcu ctKejLTO^g, OL7rei7\eiV ^ Toig 
7ro^'d(riv OLV^ig cfh^eiv tLuu K0L7O\i<^lw -^ S-eioTctTlw cv ^TroL^T^] KOLTCL<^cL(nVy 
&;z dviKlov. el fjSp ai/ S^ujjcltov Iw dvSj (r(pctyng ctvfctXAcL^ou Toig ha^roLK- 

Ttig T' AoLKi<^CUjLtO)/(^ KYi^g, T^V(pclg K^ TTOXVTSheictg, Kj ;^|£Ct Kj (^OLVHCr- 

ubV, >9 7rfscr<oUTg^. T\iTm kolkcI, Trivictji k^ tj^T^h.tov, Stvx^^^oltov dv riyei- 

^cu 

Tgitur Cleomenes ubl diluxit, profcripfit obrervetur, ut accerfentibiis regem Epho- 

oftoginta cives, quos folum vertere impera- ris fcmel atque iterum contradicat, tertio 

vit, 8c Ephororum fellas fuftulit, dempta u- vocantibus furgat &c pergat ad eos. Qiu 

-na, qua fedens jus difturus erat. Hinc advo- hunc magiftratum princeps iUuftraverit & 

cata concione excufovit atita. Docuit enim ampliaverit, Afteropum multis poft xta- 

regibus fenes ab Lycurgo adjunftos fuif- tibus Ephorum fuiiTe. Quos, fi raodice a- 

fe diuque ca ratione procuratam rempubli- gerent, inquit, pra;ftaret ferre: verum po- 

cam magiftratu non qu^ftto alio. Poft teftate accerfita ut vetus peJTundent impe- 

quia bellum cum Mefleniis gerebatur diuti- rium, atque reges partim exigant, partira 

num, diftriclos expeditionibus regcs dele- indicla caufa occidant, aliis afpicere iterum 

rifie ad judicia reddenda certos amicos, e- Sparta? pulcherrimum 6c diviniffimum fta- 

ofque reliquifle civibus vicarios, qui dic- tum avcntibus minitentur, id vcro non eft 

ti Ephori fuerunt: longo ocvo hos primum fcrendum. Quocirca fi fieri potuiflet fine 

regum adminiftros fuiife , deinde fenfim casde ut cxcuterentur adfcititi^ civitatis pe- 

fummam fibi ufurpafle poteftatcm, atque ita ftes, delici^, Sc luxus, &c xs alienum, & foe- 

clam pecviliar^m fuum magiftratum reddi- nora, antiquioraque his mala, paupertas & 

difle. Indicio efle morem- qui in hanc diein divitiK, rcguniomniuin exiftimaturus mefim 

fe- 



K A E O M E N H S. 325 

i^cu TroivJodv fici<TiKim louuTov, odo-Tti^ loLT^v clvodi^vuuttig ]oL(roLfAfjov tLuu ttol- 
Tti^OL' vtw i) T' olvolF^y)? i^^v (TvfyvcdjbLova Tov Av}iS^yov, og iiTi (loL(n- 
A<^V ^v, kiTi OL^X^^y l^iO^TYig 'j ^cKr^XSjeiv cJhxa^m-, cv To^^g oTTMig 
TT^riK^iV «V oiyo^V wVts ^mOLVlcL tov (^oLdiHoL XaeAT^oLov oJm ^odyLov 
KOLTOLCpvyeiv' ctAA' cAieivov ij8{J ovIol ^i^^wfoi/ -^ (piKoTrctTeAVj tolxu T^ AV' 

Kii^yca Toiv Tr^CcflofjS^JOdV fJLiTOLOj^eiV, )Lj tIw fXiTCtQoKYiV (^i^OL^ '^ TTOKiTei- 

C4^. i^yci) Q ju.GL^Tv^y)(Tcu Tov Avm^yov-, oTi TToKiTeioLV fjLSTOL^cOLheiv olvSj 
(iioLg Kj (po<^^ ;^ctAg7roi/ sftf, olg ouutov i(pn fJHTeAC^TciTa. MX^n^o^ T^g cMi- 
^cLiJ^ag rw (r&iTJjgia •^ AoLKiJ^ca/uLovi^ cMnoi^cdv TTOtnirctf^ov. Tolg o ctA- 
Koig i(pn 7roL(n ty]V Ti ynv cLnciidcLV elg fjci^rov TiB-ivcu, tI^ X^^^^ "^^^ o(peixov- 

TCig aLliCfSKKcLTleiVt V.^ TOOV ^iv(£iV xeJ.O^iV TTOieiv Kj SoKi(XOL(TiCLV' onOdg ol K^Ti- 
90i •^0|U$(u(5< ^TrOL^TiCLTOU (TC^^Oddi T^V TUoKiV Tolg OTTKOig, V^ 710UU(T(A\^ 

Tnv AcLmviKnv A\toi)K£v k^ 'iKKveA^v KeioLV btrcti/ l^nfLioL tSv dfJLwuovlc^v 
iCpoi^OdvJig^ 

'Ek T\iT6 TT^OdTOV fJ^ OUUTOg «'? fJLi(TOV T«V >i(TiCLV WnKi, itj Miyi<fO]i^g 
TTcLT^c^og ouutS, j^ t^v a.KKoov (piKodv im9(^y iTTeiTa K, ol KoiTTo) TroKiTCU 
TToLvJig, n X^&^ ^nvifLn^n' KKn^ov q Ky tSv Jtt' ouuth yiyovoTOiiv (pvyci^ 
(^odv ciTriveifnfj hois^o^, j^ KOLTd^i^eiv a^Kavlag (^fjLoKoynTi toov TTi^ayfJLcLTo^v 
cv Yi(Tvxi(f- '^ofB^CfJV. cLva7^Kn^(ii(Tag q to 7roKiT6bfLa Tolg yjLtLi^^cJLTOig Tm 
f^ioUoiiv, oTrKiTag TiTo^~.>tiO)^iKi'6g i7roin(Ti, ;^ ^iS^oi^ccg ouuTQg olvt) Hp^- 
T©-" x^^^^ (TaeAorn i^t oifjL<poTi^ot)v, '^ Tnv dcmii^a (po^&iv <^i oxcLvngy fMn 

Sioi 

feliciffimum, fi ut medicus patriam valuinbm folvere : de peregrinis judiciura fe ficturum, 

citra dolorcm fanarc. Nunc ejus quod facere & habiturum eorum deleftum, quo fortiffimi 

fum adaftus, veniam a Lycurgo concelTam in civitatem adfcripti tueantur urbem armis : 

habeo, qui quum neque rex eflet, neque in ut dclinamus, inquit, Laconiam contempkri 

magiltratu pofitus, fed regem agere priva- ^tolorum & Illyriorum eHe prte defenforum 

tus aggrederetur, irrupit armatus in forum. inopia pra;dam. 

Undeexanimis rexCharilausconfugitadaram. Hinc ipfe patrimonium fuumprimus inme- 

Verum placidus ille & patria; amans, mox dio poiuit, inde Megiftonus vitricus cjus, & 

confortem fe Lycurgo pra:buit confiliorum» c;Eterorumamicorumquifque,tum rcliquicives 

ac reipub. mutationem comprobavit. Porro cunfti. Divifus ager eft. Sorcesetiam cuique e- 

teftatus fadio ell: Lycurgus convertere iinc orumquosexegeratinexiliura,attribuit: revo- 

vi Sc metu rempublicam arduum efle : quibus caturumque omnes fe rebus pacatis oftendit. 

fe demonftravit moderatiflime ufum,iisquiad- Suppleta ex optimis finitimis civitate, efi^ecit 

verfabanturLacedcemoniorumialutiftimmotis. peditura quatuor millia: quos ubi docuit pro 

Cieteris omnibus agrum totum oftendit fe in lancea firiflura ambabus manibus tra<5lare, 6c 

mcdio ponere, atque aere alicno obteraios ex- clypeum fcrre amento, non appenfura, ad ju- 

vcntutem 



^2.6 



K A E O M E N H S. 



dycdyYiVj rig Toi 7rA«<7a Tra^cdv o ScpoMf©-' cwTm (rvfm^is^n, TdX^ t^v 

TT^movJcl T^ Ti yvyLVCL(rim J^ '^ (rVOS-lTm KO^rfJLOV dvcJLXclfJL^CLVOl^OdV-, '^ 

c-vTehAoijSpm d?^iycdv fj8f vtt' d.vcih-/)<;-, kycr/ct)? 5 Tm TkXc^^^m &ig t^v 
dj^^^n j^ AotmviKnv qmhvIw ^icmcLv.'diJLU>g ^to'^ fjLovct^x^ctg ovofJLdLa^cLfjLv^ 
Q>ifjSp(B^, dni^ei^i (jlS ioun^ (^a^nMot tov dh7\(pdv EvKXeiJ^uv. k^ t^ts 
fjLdvov 'ZiTTci^ndTcug bn fJLidg omcLg crtw^^n JVo «^«v ^acriiKicig' 

Al^dfjS{j(^ 3 T'dg 'Ax^^'^ ^ t^^ ''A^tov, uig cJmG-(poL?\ug cuJtm Tm 

TT^yfJLdTm ^X^^vJodV (^ld TOV ViC^TieA^fJLOV, \iK dv olofDpkig TT^iK^iiv gj&) 

•r' AaKiS^alfjLovi^j ars ^^7\i7ieiv fJLiTW^v cv Kivnju.aTi TY\hiK\iTO^ Tnv Trdhiv^ 
«X d-^ovlg iiiSs dx^n^^oviymaTOTnv S-h^vfjLiav t« s'^.T<9SfjLaT^ cJ^<Sei'^ca 
Tolg 7toXifJLioig.ifJL^a7\ci^v ^v elg tyjv M.sya?\o7roKiTiKyiv,o^(psAdagT€iULsyd?\a-g 
tj^^oKTs, K) (p^o^v ttoAaW dTTet^ydo-aTo -^ X^&^^- t^^^ Qj '^«V 'sfec 
Tov Aidwdov TiX^iTag qm Msar«W S^ia^ro^djoi^ag Aa^odv, Kj 7rt)^df^<^ 
B-iaT^v cm; tm TroXifiia, yy 7r^beig >W TiTla^KovJa. fj.vm dyodva, fjLiav 
ifjLi^v kkcLTO Ka^YifjSp^^' a hdfAp^^ B-iag, ctAA olov c4)T^v(pddv Toig tto-^ 
?\ifj.ioig, Kj f!^ii(riav nvd tS k^.tHv 7ro?\v tw KaTaCp^veiv cJhS^eiKvvf^^^^ 
iTTei ctAAci)? yi tS)V tT^T^UniKm j^ (ia(ri?\iK£v s^^TdjfLciTCdV c/Ketvo fjLdvov a 
fjLifjL^g (^^KoAa^Qvlag elx^v, a ^cwfJLaT07Toi.^g, ^k d^x^'^^^'^^-> ^ '^«A- 
Ttiag, d?\?\d TiddY^g dKohacriag v^ (iodfJLo?\oxiag v^ TTavYiyvejio-fjLS Ka^a^v 
rw' Tot i^j 7ro?\?\d fJLi?\^Tdiv\(!iV tSiv Vio^v, ;^ to^v 7r^icr<^vTi§oiv (S^iSadKdvlodV, 

Tdg 

ventiitem formandam convertit animum 8c ad alacritatem oftenderet hoftibus. Igitur po- 

dilciplinam Laconicam : qua ferme omni in pulabundus fines Megalopolitanos ingrefTus, 

re conftitucnda prxfcns Sph^rus fuit adjutor. tifm ingentem priedam congeffit, tum mag- 

Cito ordinem cxcrcitationes & convivia con- nam vaititatem edidit agri. Denique captis 

venientcm receperunt, redaftique funt in ge- artificibus qui ludicram artem fiiciebant, & 

nerofam illam & Laconicam vitam pauci ne- veniebant ex MefTene, excitavit in hoftico 

ceffitate, plerique fponte. Ne nomen tamen theatrum, exhibitifque quadraginta minarum 

quenquam offcnderet unius dominatus, regem furapiu in unura diem ludis, fedit illic ad 

fibi cooptavit fratrem Euclidara : ac tunc fo- eos fpeftandos : non quo duceretur eo fpefta- 

lum habucrunt Spartiata; una ex domo duos culo, fed ut hoflibus quafi infultaret, &: quam 

reges. longe ilhs efTet fuperior cumulate ex illorum 

Porro Acharos ?iC Aratum advertens tan- demonftraret defpicientia : quando alioquin 

quam rebus fuis ex innovationeancipitibusar- inter Griecorum & regum exercitus unus il- 

bitrari non exiturum fe Lacedcemone, ne- le non mimos trahebat fecum, non prcsfligia- 

<]ue tanto in motu fufpenfam relifturum civi- tores, non faltatrices vel pfaltrias : ied omni 

tatem: magnificum 8c opcrx pcrtium puta- lalcivia, vernilitatc, pompa vacabatj quod 

vit efTe ut excrcitus fui promptitudinera & fere exerceret fe juventus^ majqres natu doce- 

renc 



KAEOMENH S. 327 

raV n Tccsu^idi;) oTion i^^dKaXoiiKt Tcug (rujJY\Bri(nv djT^7re7\icu<;j j^ to Ag- 
y«v t\ x^^^^ i AdKmKov Tr^g otAAviAa^ (^ictn^sfjSiJOdv. viv q i^^ to Tot^ 

Hcivlm i) (Xt^VoV lyiyviTo ^i<hL(yKaA(^3 d)TeM y^ ct(pgA»ii k^ (po^TiKov «cTgi» 
«J^g Jtts^ raV TToAAbV 'ix(^vJ(X. tov icwT^ (iiov, UKTn^ a^^^ayixcL (rci)(p^o- 
(TtWYig, cv fJLi(T(d 3-£jW$^(^. ^^ 7r^<; Tctg 'EKhlwiKdg TT^^c-tg po7r«v nvcL 
TTct^iyiV cwT^. Tolg i^ ^ (X.KAoig ivlvfx,ctvov]ig oi oiv^^odnoi ^ct(riKiV(rw, 
^X, ^f^ KCtTiTTKriTlovlo r^V TTKiiTiig Kj Tctg vroKvTiKHctg, ddg KhXvTlovlo 
TYIV VTTi^O^^ictV CWT&V Kj TOV oFkqV, kjTCtX^Odg K^ T^X^^'' 7F?0(r(pi^0{npCd¥ 

Tolg cv]vfxcivii<Tt' tt^V o KMoi^yi ^ctS^i^ovleg, ovlct rs S^n (2>ct(ri?\.ict k^ kol- 
Kii/JLiVov, ciTd o^&v\ig a 7ro^<3^v^ctg Tivcig bc^s ;^Ac«fct? ^afec oujtov, aj^g ;cAt- 
nS^icdv il <po^ei(/iV KctTct(TK<^a.gy iiS'' vtv cifyiAcdV ox^^ ^<^ B-v^od^£v, n 

^id y^(JL(JLfJLCtTi(idV X^^M'CLt'^0^^'^ ;)^CtAg7r6)? KCU fJLOKig, CtAA' CWTOV CV IfJLCl- 

Tm t4 TvxovJi TT^g Tctg h^i(^(TCig ct7i^ctv\S>'v\ct-) kcu ^ictXiyofjLivov kou ^oKci- 
^ovla. Tolg ^^^«(Jicriv iKct^odg kdu (piKctv^^od^rag, c/KnAavlo kou KOLTi^nfJLcxyon- 
y^vlo, Kcu fjLovov dcp' 'H^ctKKing oMeiVov iCpcLTctv yiyovivcu. tuv q (^eiTTVodv 

CLVtQ TO |(/V KCL^YifXiOJLVOV r\V O) Te/-KKivCt), (T(pO(^^ (TVLVi^^CtKl^OV KCU Act- 

KOdViKov' ei 3 7r^i(T^eig « ^ivag Hxo^to, <^vo (j^ij olAXcu ^r^o^r^ra^i^^oLhAovJo Khi- 

VOU, fJLlK^OO Q fjLOLKKoV 01 V7lY\5iTCa TY\V T^Tri^CtV i7ri7\cifjL7f§UJU0V, feJ KOL^V- 

Keictig TKTiv acTg TrifjLfjLOLcriv, otAA od(TTi d(p^ovodTi^g eivcu Tdg (r^S-icragy 

KCU (piKOLV^^OiTrOTi^OV TOV oHvoV. KCU y) i7tiTifJLY\(Tl TiVi T&V (pihOiV, dKii(TOLg 

OTl 

rcnt eatn : ludofque, quum otium eflet, in fo- confpicerent vel lefticarum inftrumentum, 

litis facetiis 6c feftivis Laconicifque inter fe neque per nuntiorum 6c janitorum gregem, 

diftis ponerent. Qiiid autem id ludi genus vel per libellos gravatim & cum difficultate 

afFcrretemolumenti, invitaLycurgiretulimus. refpondentem, verum illum ipfum pallio a- 

Omnium ipfe rex erat doftor. Frugalem, miftum plebeio ad filutationes occurrentem, 

fimplicem, nulla re licentiorem aut fplendi- colioquentemque & vacantem exporrefto 

diorem Cteterorum vi£tum fuum tanquam tem- vuku humanoque adeuntibus: bis arribus ca- 

perantiae exemplum proponebat: quod ad piebantur & ducebantur, folumque ab Her- 

negotia GriEciEe ei praebuit nonnihil momen- cule illum prtedicabant ortum. Ccena cjus 

ti. Siquidem quum alios reges Gr^eci adi- quotidiana in triclinio crat perquam reftricba 

rent, non ita opes & luxum eorum ftupe- & Laconica. Quod Ci legatos vel hofpites ex- 

bant, ut execrabantur fuperbiam & faftum ciperet, lefti duo alii adjiciebantur, 6c men- 

tumide 8c afpere cum appellantibus ipfos a- fam inftruebant miniftri paulo fplendidioremy 

gentium. Cleomenem quum audirent, qui non condimentis vel bellariis, fed fercula uc 

rex & vere erat & dicebatur, neque purpuras pleniora cflent, 6c liberalius vinum. Etenim 

circa eum, neque Isenas, neque leftulorum caftigavit alic^uaodo amicum quendara, quuna 

intel- 



328 



KAEOMENHS. 



ert ^iva? gfiwi/, ^w/xot; cwTolg |i/.sActj/«. n^ fxd^a)!, wWs^ gd(^ /«J iv ro?? 
cpiMoig) Tra^i^Yim. » ^ g<:p« <^eiv h TiiToigy ^h tt^? raV ^ivag kIclv dv.^- 
€&)? XoLmvl[eiV. eTra^^eicn]? o i? T^Tii^ngy ei(7e}iofxi(^iTo re^Trfe??, k^tyi^ 
;^ct A;t»i/ . g;^6)v olVa fxe^ov, iij (pici7KCiL<; ct^yv^g S^uoTvKbg JVo, >^ 7ror>(g/flt 
«j^ ctfyt/f(i)i/ oXiyct TTcivlciTrcicriVy S^ &v ImViV o f2>»?\.of^(^, OLKovli q aJ^etV 
TTOTY^ttov 7rp^(ri(pi^sv. dK^a/bLci «r !w, are s7rg(^Jire7ro' g7rcMc^ay&(y« 

^'B CWTOg OfJLlKicL TO TIOTOV, TCl f^ g^&)T^> TOL Q <^inyiify)(^, iiTS tIw cmH- 

G^Iw clnSn 'P^ ?.oycdV, tIw rs TrutS^ioiv cJmxctC^v v^ d,tTo7\oiKov kxovloi^v. dg 
fjS^) y^ -oj ?\oi7[-o\ Tm (hci(Ti7\iot>v S^ T^g dv^^ooTnig S-n^g snoiSvJo, x^^!^^~ 
<7i ^- (^od^ecug h7\ed^ovlig cwT^g ;^ (^icKp^ci^viig, dTix^ng k^ di^ixag cvof/.i- 
^ivdvcWTo^^^ofJLiXiciy^ KQycdXGLeJL^txovJiK^ lii^iv ow«i?c^ t^ 7r^(rdys^TQg 
bvJvfx(ivovlag,s(pouvsTo Kd7\7\ig-ov cwt^k^ ^OL(Ti7\imTcLTov'cidg^hvi(pb\\i S^^ci' 
^i^vJci fJLi^cATov, n t4 tov i^p n^et j^ hoyco, tov q -czto ;^§n^w.aV&)j/ d7\i(T>iiS^. 
H^odTov {£p iiV oi MoLvJiveig clvtov sirnydyovlo' tIj vvKlce)^ elg tUju 7ro7\iv 
7roL^ei(T7ri(T(ivlig, tIw (p^a^v tIw 'A^^^om&i/ (TtwiK^oLAovleg bjixeie/-(TCiv ouu- 
Tiig. 3 K^ r^V vtifjLag Kj tIw 7To7\iTeiav avTolg ^^t^^V, oLv^nfZi^v d7rn7\hv 
«V Tiyiav. oAiyct) cT' vg-e^v cM(Z^s7\^cdv i^i 'A^KaS^iag, mTiCcuvsv ofM 
Tdg ' Kxdw.dg <^ip^g, ^yAoju^©^ n fJidx^ ^i^ Tr^jg r^V 'Axcuiig, « 
^ia^d7^7\eiv Tov "A^roi/, cdg }h7n(hS^(Tx.ovla x^ Trpjiifj^ov avi^ tIw x^- 
^v. i^^Tnyei f^ y) 'jTfe^^aTag tots, tQ q 'A^V^ to 7rdv nv k^^tQ^ 

a> 

-jntellexiflet hofpitibus invitatis nigrum jus e- fuetudine 8c lepida oratione alienaque a fuco 

um 8c ofFam pro Laconicorum more convi- congredientes conciliare & adjungere, hoc 

viorum appofuifle. Negavit enim in his vel pulcherrimum ei 6c rege videbatur dignifli- 

apud hofpites nimium Laconice agendum. mum. Nam nihil inter amicum inrerefle 

Sublata menfi, altera inferebatur menfi tri- & mercenarium rebatur, nifi quod pecunia 

bus pedibus, in qua crater seneus ponebatur hic, civihtate ille & feftivis verbis capia- 

vini plenus, 6c phialx argentcie binas hemi- tur. 

nas capientes, poculaque argentea admodum Ergo invitarunteumprimumMantinci : qui 

pauca, ex quibus, cui liberet, bibebat : invi- clam nofte in urbem fuam eoduce irrumpen- 

tum invitabat ad bibendum nemo. Acroama tes, prsfidium Achseorum ejecerunt, atque in 

ncque adhibebatur, neque requirebatur : quip- fidem ejus fe dedidere. Hic vei-o legibus &C 

pe compotationem ipfe condiebat fermone, repub. iUis refl:ituta, eodem die digrelFus Te- 

nunc quserendo, nunc narrando: neque ine- geam efl:. Mox circumveftus per Arcadiam, 

rat feveritas orationi cjus triltis, fed lepidus petiit Pheras Achaicas, quo aut figna cum 

&: honefl:us jocus. Qiias enim rehqui reges Achsis confcrret, aut calumniis objiceret 

fabricabant hominibus captiones, qui inelca- Aratum, quod vitabundus agrum fibi concul- 

bant 6c corrumpebant cos pecunia: has & ar- candum condonaret. PriEtor tunc Hypcrba- 

tis vacuas 6c iniquas ducebat. At comi con- tas erat Achxorum, fed omnis penes Aratum 

erat 



K A E O M E N H S. 329 

vm cv AvfJicuoug askJi to 'EmTdfA.^cuov, iTrsh&cdv d YJ\io\J^jY\g y gj^ojs i^ 
^ aahoig h jULi^ra) i? rs AvfJLcum TtdMddg 7roMjLLia.g b;V«? y^ tQ <r^Tdj- 
fjLAT^^ Tm 'A;^ctt&)i/ avhiu-ciL^' To7^fJLY]^S)g q 7r^m?\.ii(^(^ T^g 'Axou^? 
rivoifmG-i. (rvfj.Qa7\eiVf k^ vm(jctg k$ k^t(^ j^ T^^-vJ/ctf^u©^ tyiv (pdT^.afyct, 
TToAAaV |wV cv TM /tta;:^^^ M(p^et§iV OLVTav, TroAAwi/ q j^ l^ceiiJm oKvti^- 
(TiV. iTTiMv 3 Aoifycdviy j^ t&)i/ 'A;:^£W&)j/ rsiV (p^ii§Qvla.g cJ^iKciG-oLg, oLTTi^ 
(^OdX-iV 'H7\eioig tyjv 7rd?.iv. 

OvTCd 3 (TiwliTe/fJi-l^oig Tolg' Ax^^^i^ d mp 'A^^t©-', elco^oog t^cjl^ cmi- 
OJUTov oiei ^-^TYiyeiv, d^reiTTciTo tyiv dex^^ "^ TTcc^nTWoLTo, mhiiylm y^ ii- 
o\M(3bv' » m7\Ssg, o\ov cv X^!^''^ Tr^ffjLOLTCeiV fj,ei(^ovi, fj,i^eig ni^cd tov oU 

OLm >^ 7r^il^(^ TYJV cJ^HdiclLV. 3 YJ\iOWpYig TT^OdTOV fu6^U fJ,iTe/Ct Tolg 
'Ax<^oig iS^dm 7V^i(T^i<TlV cRlTOLTieiV, iTi^ag Q TrifJJKOaV 'iKiXSjiV 0LVl4 (^^-•' 

^kS^ovcu tyiv Yiyifj.ovioLV, 6)V TOiKhoL fJJYi hoi(Tdi^(^ TTeJg aLVT^gy ct7J\.oL >y 
T^g cuxf^ct'^(^T'^'^ dj^vg ^v?raJ^&)V&)i/ )t, TOL x^^^- (^^7\ofAfjodv Q tSv ' Ax<^- 
m cJm TiiToig ^x^^ "^^^ S'ioL7\v(reig, v^ tqv Khioi^lw m7\iiv}ot)v eig Ae^- 
voLV, d^ra TY]V 'iKK.h.Yi(rioLV ifj,i7\7\ov iX^^-> '^TVX^ Tov KAiofjSfjluj (TUJuJdvcog d^Sj- 
(TOLvloL, yi ^i^^no-ttiug^ot/ <t?^ Kcu^Jv JJ^^Trod/a, cufioLTQ-' 7rA«0©-' oLvmy- 
Keiv, )c, TYiv (poi)VYiv )m)K07rYiVou. (^io Tm fjJiv ouxfJictKodTuiV cl^rijrifj.-^i Toig 
'Ax(^<^i^ T^^ c^^PctVifoLTng, Tov Q cyAAoyo^ vVs^Oa//^©^, dvixo^^yiG-iV eig 

AoLKiS^OUfXOVOL. 

THTO 



erat autoritas. Quum Acli^ei omni nomine 
fuo excitato caftra haberent in Dyma^is ad 
Hecatombxum, movit in eos Cleomenes, ac 
parum prudenter exiftimatus efl inter Dym£e- 
orum urbem hoftilem 6c caftra Achxorum 
confedifle. Verum Achxos audafter lacef- 
iens, cocgit eos ad figna conferenda : quibus 
acie fufis fugatifque, multos in proelio conci- 
dit, multis etiamcaptivis potitus eft. Lango- 
nem inde adortus, prxfidio deje£to Achtco- 
rum, reddidit Ekis oppidum. 

Ita contufis Achseis Aratus, qui altero quo- 
que anno prxtura erat fungi folitus, abdica- 
vit & detreftavit magiftratum, invitantibus 
cum & orantibus Achsis ; parum honefte, ficut 
in fsviore rcrum tempeftate, akeri ckvura 

VOL.IV. 



permittens & tradens rerum arbitrium. At 
Cleomenes primum tolerabilia vifus eft lega- 
tis Ach^eorum imperafle. Inde ahos mifit ad 
eos poftulatum, fibi ut permitterent imperi- 
um, de caetero facile fibi cum ipfis convcn- 
turum : immo fe captivos quoque ftatim Sc 
qu£e occupaflet refticuturum. Quum Acha^i 
ad pacem his condicionibus accipiendam pa- 
rati efl^ent, 6c Cleomenem accirent Lcrnam, 
quo conciHum gentis indixerant : force Cleo- 
menes agmine properantius afto, 6c aqua in- 
tempeftive haufta, vim fanguinis rejecit, 8c 
vox eft ei interclufx. Itaque nobiliflimos 
quofque captivorum remifit Achzeis, ac die 
prorogata conventus Lacedsmoncm fccef- 
iit. 

T c Id 



330 K A E O M E N H S. 

TQto (hiXvfjLnvoLTo Tci it^y^cJLTcf. ^ 'EAAaV(^, aAA&)? Ti^nob; qm t^ 
Trci^vJav dmhoL^^eiV cwtIw Itl >^ S^idCpvyiiV tIw yiauS^ovm i)fei/ j^ ttAs^ 
m^icLV S^tuioLfjSplw. 6 ^ "A^r©^, «Vg aTrifia tIj (pol^c^ tQ KMofj^ag^ 

'etTe (pOol/^I/ djTVX^V^t TTOL^' ih.TriS^ay JC, VOfA^m iTn TeAOL K^ TeJLOLKOvJoL TT^Cii' 
Td)OvJ(^ CUUtQ i^eiVOV HVOU tIuJ ^O^OLV CtjULOL VLj tLlV ^tWOLjULlV <Ml(plUJTOL vioV 

dv^^ ;iotOgA«i/, )t, (Z^hoL^eiv T^^yfJLciTOiV nv^n^^ctiv vtt' dujtS k^ mko^^ 
ryif^ci)V xd^^^ touStov d^x^-> TTf&froi/ [^ swei^TO T^g 'Axou^? c^^- 
Cict^goS^ ^ ^iOLmKvHV' c^g o « 7r^cr«;:^ot/ ouut^, tS K.Mo{£pHg cMTTiTrMy' 

fjS^Ol TO ^^V©-', OtAACt >9 <^i>iDUOLV iTTOlQvlo tIw d^iOdCTiV T^ AoLiLeS'oUfA.0- 
ViCidV «V TO ndTe/^OV 'VnfJLOL >C0(7/X«l^(WI/ tIw nsAOTTOJ/l/HCOV, r^gTTg^ TT^V %- 

•yoi', acJ^gi/) |o6iu t^"" 'E?\?s.lwcdv Tre^amov, DU^i<^ov c^' ojt«i/&), j^ -^^ 7r&7r^y^ 
]uSjjU&)V uV cjJra >^ TtiTioT^iTdji^odV dvoL^iCidTOLTov' ' Avliyovov oRn tIw 'EA- 
Aa<^ct KoLheiVi k^ MoLKsi^omv IfJLTnnhcLvca tIw UiKoTtovvmov, ^g oujTog cm 

TlihOTtOVVnCr^ fJLet^KiOV ^V cJ^riAOLITiVj gA^ltOs^wVct? TOV 'AKe^KOeJLV^OV. KCU 

Trdcrt f£{j Tolg ^OLcn^hScTiV vnon]^^ ;^ <^id(po^<^ '^oju^©-', THToii ^ dljutov 
'AvJiyovov el^YiKCi^g kolka fjLvez-oL h' c^v )K7o7\sAoi7riV \:mfivy]fjLOLT0dv. kcutoi 
7ro7<hd Ttahav -^ as^^ahi^l (pmiv ouuTog V7r\ ' A^huuouct^Vy ojrodg « TroAig 
dTroLhhoLyeln (p^a^g k^ M.oLKiSovoov' ma. T^iTng zf^ ty\v TtaTejL^a v^ tw 
hsiav tIw iouuT^ fJii^ 07r?\Gtiv eiG-nya-j^-, dxejL "^ yvuucuK(t>viTi^<^' tov J^g 
d(p' 'H^Khi'dg yiyovoTa) >^ ^a^nKdjovla "Z^raPTia^^j h^ tyjv TrdrejLov 
TTohiTeiav, ucrTn^ d§fJLoviav cMhihvi^bju^ dvaK^no^ov oujQig <>Bn tov cycd- 

<p^va 

Id res Grajciae kbefecit: quae alioquin vertit fe cum nuUi honeftum Grsco, tum 

nonnihil ex praefentibus malis attoUere ocu- turpiffimum illi, ejufque rebus gellis Sc a6tio- 

los, Macedonumque impotentiam & domi- nibus indigniffimum ; in Grseciam ut Antigo- 

natum potuiflet declinare. Aratus enim five nura acciret, iVIacedonibufque impleret Pelo- 

diffidentia & timore Cleomenis, five infpera- ponnefum : quos ipfe inde adolefcens pepule- 

tae profperitati ejus invidens, ac probrofum rat hberato Acrocorintho, omnibufque regi- 

j)Utans ut fibi, qui tres8c triginta annos prin- bus fufpe£tum fe 8c inimicum reddiderat, at- 

cipatum obtinuerat, nomen fimul & opes ju- que in hunc ipfum Antigonum in editis abs fe 

venis fubito exortus detraheret, atque extor- commentariis infinita effuderat probra. Qui 

queret rerum ab fe auftarum 6c tam diu rec- quum multa fufl^inuifle 6c fubiifle pericula fe 

tarum imperium: primum deterrerc Achteos Athenienfium caufa jaftet, quo urbs illa prx- 

& prohibere annifus efl: a foedere ; ubi non fidio 6c Macedonibus levaretur : tamcn hos in 

paruerunt ei, Cleomenis audacia attoniti, im- patriamfuofqueipfiuspenatesarmatosufquead 

mo etiam aequa arbitrati Lacedsmoniorum gynjeciura introduxitj regem vero Spartiata- 

pofl;ulata, qui Peloponnefum in veterem fl:a- rum,HercuHsprogeniem,qui veterem reipub. 

tuax infl;ituebant reducere: ad fiiftum con- itatum v«lut concentum difcrepantemadtera- 

pera- 



K A E O M E N H 2: 



331 



(jLovA jlj TeAx^itoum y^(pi^. (p^yoiv tyjv f/.ct[civ Kj tov Tei^mdy kou 
To ^eiVQTcLTQV &v KctTYiyo^ei KAgOjU^Wj dvcu^idiv TTAaVa, v^ Ttivictg mOLVO^^ 
B-6i)(nVy (^ia^yifjLOLTt j^ tto^Ov^cl kcu lAaKi^oviKoig kou croLT^iTTiKoig Tf^cr- 
Toiy^cKTiv vVgppi^J/g fX^ '^ 'Axciiicig cwtqv, 'iva. fxri KMof^Ja Troiciv hKn 
ro TT^tTTaTlofyov, 'AvJiyoveia B-vctiV, km Trcuavag aS^odv cwTog hiCpavca- 
fjd^<^ «V av^^cdTTov \W (p^ong KaTa(Tmofyiov. aAAa TccjuTa fj^ ^k 
'A^TH KaTnyo^eiv ^^"hof^oi y^Cpof^ iov iroT^hQig y) 6 dvYi^ §t(^ 
'EKhhutJiKog yiyovi kcu fJLiyag) oiKleie^vlig "^ dv^^Ctinmg (pva-eciig r«i/ 
oiSriveiav, ei fu^ti bi Hka-iv »r6)? d^ioKoyoig kcu ^ia(po^ig ir^g d^iTYJv, 
'sK(pi^eiv (huud^ to Kahov dvifjLi(rnTQV. 

'EaOoVIwv 'Ax^^^ «^ "A^7©^ avS-ig cBj tov (rvhKoyov, kcu tS KAs- 
ofj^iig k Tiyiag KaTa^i^n^oT^^, sAttW nv -KoKhn t^ df^^odircAV idi^cu 
rnv S^idhvTiv. "A^t(^ ^S^n <^ic>)fMQh.oynfApm ojut^ irejg tov 'AvJiyo- 
vov '^ fJLiyi?(iiv, (po^iiyS^(^ Tov KMoiBfjku fin Trdvla (^iaTT^^rT), Ka^o- 
fjLi7\n(Tag to /tAjiO©-', ji kcm (iia(TdfjLiv(^, yi^ih 7\a^ov\a Te/ctKocria? QfJLne,>i? 
fjLovov ei(Tiivou Tf^g cujTQg) n v^ yvfJLvd(Tiov i^onhv to KvhXa^ddov tt^^t- 
iXQovla f/^ t' ^wjdfjLiCdg S^iOhiyi^. TcwTa dKHCTag KAso^sf^i^ dhKa 
n:d<)(e\v i(pa(TKi' Seiv y^ (^^vg aviw tqts Tre^etweiv, « viw, nKoiJ(^ c^ 
Tag B-vp^gTdgiKeivcdv, d%i<^eiv kou dTTiXavveiv. kcu y^d^^ag 3 m^ TiiTOdV 
oRi^ohnv TT^g T^g 'A;^cMbV> ng nv to TiV^ei^ov KaTnyoeJa 'A^dTH, 7roK?^d 

pcratam nitebatur reducere illam Lycurgi dif- labe vacuum. 

ciplinam 8c vitam Doricam, habuit indignum Quum Achsi iterum Argos conveniiTent, 

qui Sicyoniorum & TricciEorum appellaretur atque ex Tegea eodem defcendiiret Cleome- 

dux. Refugiens autem ofFam & Ixnam Scdu- nes, erant magna in fpe pacis homines. Ibi 

riilimum quod Cleomeni impinxit, excidium Aratus, quum dc maximis capitibus ei jam 

opulentix & paupertatis correftionem : dia- cum Antigono conveninet, metuens ne omnia 

demati, purpur^, Macedonicifque 8c fatrapi- tranfigeret Cleomenes, indu61;a multitudine 

cis iemetipfe cum Achaia ediftis fubjecit, ne aut etiam vi coafta, propofuic ut acceptis 

Cleomcnis facere videretur imperata, Antigo- trecentis obfidibus folus ille ad ipfos veniret, 

nia cclebrans, atque pseanas ipfe coronatus in aut extra oppidum in gymnafio, quod Cylla- 

hominis kudem tabe confefti canens. Ne- rabium dicitur, exercitu admoto ageret cum 

que vero hsec Arati caufx traducendi fcribi- ipfis. Quibus nuntiatis, Cleomenes injuria 

mus, (mukis enim in rebus vir hic Grxcia dixit fe affici j debuifle enim initio ftatim id 

dignus 8c celftis fuit) fed quod mifereat nos illos prsedicere fibi : non nunc, quum veniflec 

naturas humanae imbecillitatis, quie ne in mo- ad ipforum fores, diffidere & abigere fe. Ita- 

ribus quidem adeo infignibus & ad virtutem que fcripta de his ad Achseos epifl:ola, quae 

e^regie aptis bonuni producere valeat omni plena erat de Arato querelarum , multifque 

T t z invi- 



332 K A E O M E N H S. 

3 Kj ra 'A^Va 7\oi^o^Y\(rci\i\^ cwtqv TT^g ro 7rA«0(^, clvil^i^'^i hd tol- 
Xim' >tj Kn^vm •Ko7\i[x.ov tt^^SvIol Tolg 'Ax^oig 'iwi/u.-^iv, aV. «V"A^y(^, 
dhh' dq AiyioVy ag (pn(nv "A^7(^> oTTCiig (pM(rn 7>ii/ fi/^(ni<^yiv cw'^. 
iyiyovH q >LivY\fJLcL t^J" 'A;^cm&)i/, ;^ tt^V X^s^oto-if cd^fxmcLv cd 7roA«?, t^ 
ju^iu cTw^&ii/ i/o^Za) T' X^^'' "^ X?^^^ "^KidKOTrclg iKTTL^rcLvJcdV, t^ q 7r^&)V&)i/ 
7ro70\cJLX^ (ioL^uJUoi^cov Tov "A^TOi/, cM'i'(wy j^ J^i' o^y«5' Ix^^vJ^v, c^g 
STTctyovJoL Tn UiT^oTrovvYKrcti yicJDLiS^oVdg' (ho TiiToig g7ra^0«V o KKsoiSpyjg, 
eig 'Ax<^i(^^ cMi^^oLM' iij 7r^£Tov jw9/) etM IliXTvnvlw cJ^oLTrivng cBi7rs(rc^v, Kj 
TJiV (p^a^QvJoLg cJ^i^aM f/^ t^ 'A;^cm&)i/' juJ q Tca/Ta Ogfgoi/ Tr^cry^ycl- 
yzTo j^ rigi^sAeioi/. £7r« q (po^Y)^iv\ig ol 'Axcuo) 7r^(^o(rioLV tivol ^r^-flof^nv 
cv KoeivOft) >L, Swi/wn, T»V t7r7r«? Xj Ta? ^ivag oLT^i^eihav cJ^ 'A^yag o%a 
^o^^pvT^d^ovlag, cuJto] q tci Ns^fict KcLTci^civltg eig "A^y©^ «yoi/, sA^ri'- 
crag, oTn^ riv, 6 K7\ioyS{jng, ox7\'<i TravnyveA^S k^ B-iai^ tIw 7ro7\iv yifx^- 
aav oi7i^(TS'0H.nT0iig iTn^Mv fJLaT^hov Ta^^eiv, vvKJog nys 7T^g tol Tcix^ 
To g-^Ti^f/.ai K) Tov fc^ tIw ' Aojji^a tottov xaTaT.a^coov vnl^ tQ B-ioi- 

T^a XCLh^TTOV OvJa >ij h(T7T^(T0^0V, 'dTC^ THg dv^^C^TrHg cJ^i7r7.n^iV, C^dTl 

fULnS^iva Ti^Mi^ 7r^g d7.}tluu, d7J\ci ^^ (p^-d^v 7\a^eiv, k^ (^Qvcu Vf/ 7roAi- 
T^ ofjLYi^ng ei>iO(Th i^ '^i^ (TvfJLfJLcLx^i AaytiS^cufiovimi ixovi^ cMeiva Tnv 
YiyifJLoviav. 

Ov fjLiK^v Ji/ tSto )^ 7r^g <^o'^av cujtw ^ S^vuuayLiv vitn^x^v. ^t^ ■^S ol 
Tid7\cu. (ia(TiXeig AaM^cjufjLovioiV %o7\7\d 7T^yf/.aT^(Td\^oi ^rp^crayayi- 
^ To "A^y©^ ^i^^uiodg n^uvn^n^TaV o,Ti J^eivoTaT^B^ t£v s-^Tny£vUv'D- 

invicem ab Arato probris inconventu lacera- mirerant,6c ipfi Argos profefti agitabancNe- 

tus reduxit propere exercitum , caduceato- mea : Cleomenes, id quod erat, fperans fi ur- 

rcmque ad bellum Achxis indicendum mifit bem in tempeftiva convivia £c fpeftaculum 

non Argos, fed jEgium, ut ait Aratus, quo cfFufim fubito effet adortus, impenfius ie 

imparatos opprimeret. Erant jam in motu perculfurum eam, nofte admovit muris ex- 

Achxi, & civitates ad defeftionem fpefta- ercitum. Occupata regione ad Afpidem fu- 

bant, populis legem agrariam 6c novas tabulas prathcatrum,quilocus difficilis eil: 6c penein- 

fperantibus : principibus vero pafiim Aratum acceffus, ita exanimavit populum ut nemoar- 

gravatis, nonnullis & infenfis, quod traherec ma caperet, fed priefidium acciperent, atque 

in Peloponnefum Maccdonas. QLiibus Cleo- ex civibus darent viginti obfides", inirentque 

mcnes elatus inculit Achaice arma. Primum cum Lacedsmoniis ibcietatcm fub illius duc- 

fubito adventu cepit PeUcnen , cxpulitque tu. 

cum Achasis prxfidium : hinc Phcneo &Pen- Peperit id ei non exiguum nomcn 8c autori- 

teleo potitus eil. Quia vcro proditioncm vc- tatem : ncquc enim prifci Lacedasmoniorum re- 

riti Achcei Corinthi 6c Sicyone parari, equi- gcs, quum multa movifient,adjungere firmiter 

tes 6c mcrcenarios militcs illuc in prccfidium valucrunt Argos: neque dux acerrimus Pyr- 

rhus 



K A E O M E N H S. 333 

p(^ «Vs/\3-&)V >9 ^icL(7cii^(^ H mri^i rlw ttoTkiv, ctATv' a/rsOctvs, ?tcw 
TroAu .a-UjU(^ii(p^oL^y) ^iej^ c/jJt^ -^ S^twctfu.iOdg. o9<v l^ouJ fjLctC^QV tIw o^vrn- 
TOL K^ (^ictvoidv tQ KMopSpag' Kj it^oTi^v uvtQ tov lLo7\mcL v^ tov AvkQ^- 
yov )xm)fjLifJLY\(rcJL^i (pdd^iovl^ cv tw tiSv x§^^^ cL<pi(ra )^ tw t£v X^^f^'^' 
TOdv cJ^i<T0O(Tet, KOLTctyiT^&^vJig, TOTi %cLv\i7\&g 27rei^ovio tQtov cuTiov elvcu f 

rZefei TOdV 'ETrct^TtOLTOdV fJLiT CL^oT^q . aVw y) iTf^lloV TS ne}v TCLneiV(X-> >LCU 

^on^eiv DLVTolg dS^ujucLTOdg eixQh oocTTi TfivJe fjLve/ciS^cLg dv^^-Ko^m IfX^iX- 
7\ov\Ag elg thV AcLmviKlw AV&)Ab? dTrayoLyeiv. ots (pcL(r\v ehelv TtvcL t£v 
TT^iT^^VTS^odv 'ETTa^TioLTOdv, 6)V blvn^Tav 01 7ro?\ifjLioL tIlu Aamvulw >^)ca- 
<pi(Tav\ic. oAiya X?'^^^ i^nh^ovl^^ d^^df^joi fjLovodv t&v 7CaTeJ-(tiV imvy y^ 
KaTa^dvlig eig ix^©^ oMeivng t' dya^yng-^ a)V7rg^ nagovl^ »9 (jVffJioKiT^o- 
fjS^co t4 AvKii^ycti 7roh7\lw cJ^(^ei^iv dvS^^eiag l^ioi^vlo -^ ^rei^a^x^av, tIw 
«^ 'EAActc^C^ dva7\afJL^dvov\ig nyifJLoviav tIw AaKii^cufJLova, -^ dvcL'A}\Oii[Mpok 
tIlv rigAoTroi/vnuoi/. 

'EctA&)jcoV'^ "A^yagi k, >cctT07rif <^^vg Tr^^ii^oav t&F KAsoju9/j« KAs- 
mSiV j^ ^Ajai^©-', gTui^avg |w9/] o "A^.t©^ cv KoeivQw TrotJfj^l/j©-' tivc^ 
Twv 7\€yofjS^m 7\aKmil^eiV oJ^iTCLdiv' dfy^T^iag q ^ztfei t^^V^jv ■7r,^o(r7r£o-5iVn^ 

cTiOtTCt^^OBV, J^ TJ1I' TTOAll/ ^NTTOJCAtWa-Ctl/ od^Ol^(^ 7T^0g TOV K^^iOf^Uvy 

}lj t£v 'Ax<^(^y d7ra7\7\aynvcu (iaTvOfSfjm, l-/.d7\H fjo^' eig to ^'67\(^TneA'^v 
T^g 7ro7\iTag-> th.a^i q S^LoT^iSrn^rag dxtL t' 7iv7\ng' sjc« o ts? iVTra 7ie,o(i- 
ax^iv\^ dva^dg j Xpv^ eig EiK.v£va, toov q Koe/.v^iot}V dfjLi7\Kodi^iJ(6V 

elg 

rlius potiilt vi fa£ta irruptione urbem in po- ciplin:e Lycurgi , tanquam prxfenti illi &C 

teftatera redigere:fedoccubuitibi,atqueexer- una tra£tanti rempub. egregium virtutis do- 

citus ejus fuit cumeo magna cx parte deletus. curaentum 6c obedientiam erga magiftra- 

Unde ftupuerunt folertiam & confilia Cleo- tus pr^ebuerunt recuperando Lacedsmo- 

menis : & qui ante deriferant eum, quum So- nii imperio Grsecite, recipiendaque Pelopon- 

lonis fe & Lycurgi infiftere veftigiis in novis nefo. 

tabulis permittendis &C bonorum'ex£equatione Argis captis permiferunt fe eodem curfa 

ferret, tunc plane crediderunt Spartiatarura Cleonas 8c Phlius Clcomeni. Interca habe- 

mutationis eura eflc autorcm. Ulque adeo bat forte quxftionem Aratus Corinchi de 

enim fuerant ante degeneres, 8c ad femetipfos iis qui ferebantur ftuderc Lacedsmoniorum 

inidonei tuendos, ut quinquaginta millia man- partibus : qui hoc objcfto nuntio, iclus at- 

cipiorum incurfantes in Laconiam abduxe- que civitatem in Cleomenem proclivem fen- 

rint ^toli. Quo tenrporc fenem Spartia- ticns, properantibus ctiam domum Acha;is, 

tam dixifle memorant , profuifle ipfis ho- advocavit cives in curiam, atque interim 

ftes, quod exoneraflent Laconiara. At tem- clam fubduxit fe ad portam. Ibi equo, qui 

pore interpofito exiguo guftantes tantum admotus ei fuit, confcenfo, profugit Sicyo- 

veteres legcs, Sc in veftigium redu6ti dif- nem. Corinthiis certatim ad Cleomenem 

Argos 



534 K A E O M E N H Si 

^^V "A^yf^ TT^g Tov KMoijSpluu, (Pyktiv o "A^t(^ raV l^TrTrag TTcivJctg pa- 

ylwoU' TOV KhiOl^luJ fXifJL(pi^ T»V Ko£/vd<W fJiY\ (TVTkKcJlQovIcK; CWTOVy 

ctAA' sciu-avJoL? (^ict^pvyeiv' a iulIuu ctAAct tLj n^g cujtov sK^hv M.iyi^rovav 

TTCt^' CUJtQ KAgOfj6j|Ja?, (^iOfj8{JH (Z^hOL^iiV'' TOV 'AK^TioeAv^ov ( «;:^2 ^ 

(p^a^v 'Axou^^) ^ TToTKXci ;:^^f «^arot S\^ov\(^' '^^y.eJ.vct^ q cm;Vo j/, &)V 

^K i^^ Tci Tr^yfJLOLTd, fJLOKKOV 3 "^^ "^ 7r^yfjL0LT(jdV OLVTOi; iXiTOi. 

roLVTOL fj9{j "A^T©^ yiy^(psv, o q KMofSfjYig cm th "A^yag miX^odV, 
Kj 7r^(rctyoLyof^(^ T^iQjutjiag, ''E,7[ii'ouL)e/'ag, 'E^fxiovioLg, huv «V Kog/i/- 

B-OV J^ Th/J fjSp OLK^V ^S^eX^^&^^^^^^ "^ 'AxoUOdV a (^HM^CiiV C4lA(- 

Trfiv. tQ 3 'Ae^TH TaV ^/a»? >^ TaV (^T^Trag fjLiTCJLnifJL^^/diBp^^-, cMi- 
7\Sj(Ti tLuj omav v^ tol ;:^^n^aTot XoL^ovloLg (pvAoL-fleiv t^ S^ioimv. Te/rv- 
fjLOiXMv Q TTotAn/ 'jov Miorlwiov ci7ri9eiM TTpjg oLVTov, OL^MV \::m T^ 

'Axctl^V Kj T^ Act}tiS'cUfjLOvi(itiV OfJiQ (pVXOLrli^ TOV 'A)i^Me/V^OVi \^ict 3 

T^ 'A^Vw i^mxhulj i7roLfyiK7\of&pi^ tIuu (twutol^iv y)? shctfjL^^otvi cS^ 
TlTo7\ifjLcuii T» ^a.(ri7\i(d?. 'sTrei q o "A^t^ 4x vTfmacnv, ci7\7\ci tov 

Ti qoV iTTifJL-^i TT^? TOV ' AvllyOVOV fX^ T^ (XKKCtiV Of/.^CdVy K^ '^i)(pi(Ta-' 

^ T»V 'AxouQg iTumiV 'AiJliyovot» c^^^i^ovca rov 'A^^>cog/i/doi/' yVa)? 6 
K7\iofj^Y]? tIuj Ti ^ixvodviav ifjL^aX(^v iTrd^hcn, ^ tol ;^^n'^aTot t« 'A^'- 
T», -j^ Ko£/i/6<''&)f ctyT^ 'vJ/wc^to-ctiw^^J/wt/, S^oti^iciv i7\aCi. 

TQ 'Avliyovy jwj TroAAJi? i^wucLftiocg tLuu Yi^viav vTH^^dKKovl^^, -dK 
MiTo J^eiV Tov 'l^fio^ ctAAot Tot "D.via va^Jt&)Vaf k, raxi^J^oLg (pvKoirlm, 

Argos contendentibus, equos omnes refert A- fervarent & procurarcnt. TritymallumMef- 

ratus diruptos : verum expoftulafTe cum Co- fenium iterum mifit ad eum poilulatum, ut 

rimhiis Clcomencm, quod ipfum non corri- ab Achsis fimul 6c LacedKmoniis Acrocorin- 

puiflent, fed permififient elabi : attamen Me- thus cuftodiretur, obtulitque feorfum Arato 

giilonum ad fe ab ipfo mifium Cleomene pe- duplexannuumquam quantumacciperetaPto- 

titum, ingenti pecunix fumma oftenfa,ut A- lema:o, Poftquara repudiavit Aratus condi- 

crocorinthus, in quo prxfidium Achsorum tionera, filiumque cum obfidibus aliis mi- 

erat, traderetur fibi : dcdifle fe refponfum, fit ad Antigonum, & Acha;is autor fuit uc 

non efl^e res in fua potelirate, fed potius in decernerent tradendum Antigono Acroco- 

rerum fe. Haec Aratus fcriptis mandavit. At rinthum : ita fines Sicyonios Cleorncnes in- 

Cleomenes Argis profeftus, accepcis in fidem feftoexcrcituvaftavit, & pecuniam Arati acce- 

Tioczeniis, Epidauriis, Hermionenfibufque, pit, quam Corinthii ei decreto donaverunr. 

venic Corinthum. Arcem, quum excedere Antigono autem magnis copiis Geraniam 

renuerunt Achsei, circumvallavit. Arati ve- tranfcendente, non putavic faciendum fibi uc 

TO amicos & procuratores acceriivit, pra;ce- Ifthraum, fed montes, Onia dicunr, vallo 

pitque eis ut domum Sc rem familiarem illius muroque munita tueretur, atque loci op- 

por- 



KAEOMENHS. 535 

(pdT^afyu (rwun(TKYip^lw. jc, TsVot? x?^(^^ '^^'^^ 7\oyi(Tfxoig, «V ^ihi^eJ-oiv 
%ahm rov 'Avliyovo)/. bVg ■^S ctItov «%2f 0% rE«^cr;c<^iii^ wavoi', «Vg |3tct- 
o-/X£^ t^m) TTct^^ov KCL^nf^JH tQ KMof^ng pclS^lQV. (MlX^^^^TOL? <5^- 
/Jg(3^ c^iflt T» Asx^^ vvKlogy c^STTgcrg, ;ccw Tii/a? oim^ctM t^ fgaTtwrfi'. 
^ycrn 7roLv]ci7roL(Ti ^0LJ>j)n(rcu tqv YJ\io\B{jluu-, ;t, t^V (^ olvtqv sm^^jS^Jng 
TM VWM T^Tfi^ TT^g To (^Hnvov' ciBvfJLeiv Tov 'Avliyovov eig iiK djTTo^ag 

Ka.TCLKKeiOl^OV \POU0 1" OLVCcfKYig TKOyKTfJL^ig. g^aASTO yJ cJ^ tIw OLK^.V CLVOL" 

^Soyvwucv. To ''H^ciiov, KctKei^iV etg 'EiKvmoL TrAoioig 7r^ou£(Tcii tIuu ^wjcjl- 
fjLiv. yij x^^^^ 7Fq?\aQ k^ r^.(TK^ng Iw h t' Tvx^<Tng. ii^ 7r^og lajji- 
^v YiKov c^ "A^yag kS ^cthoLTloLV avS^^ig 'A^Va (piKoi KOLhQviig olvtov, «V 
cl(pis-cf.y^ct)V VJi" 'A^yeioov Ta KMofMpag. j 7r^.Tloi)ii Iw tLlv ^^<^olitvj 

'Ae/tfOTSAM?* V^ TO 7rAM3-(^ a ;:^CtA2T^? iTTCKTiV, oiyGLVOLKlQv OTl x?^^^ 

"^KOTrcig »x gTroiWsv cLVTolg KMofSfng 'i7\7ri(TOL(TkV. Tkol^c^v ^v "A^t^ 
TTOL^ 'Avliyovd <T^TmTOLg ;:^tAtW >9 TrivJaKOG-i^g, 7ra^i7rX<^(TiV eig ''ETriS^ctu.. 
^v. 6 'Ae/foTeA«? 'iKeivov ^ (uk^ifJieiViv, ci7<hoi t^V 7ro7\iTag f^«^Aot^&)i/, 

7f^(TilJL(ixiT0 Toig <p^i£§Q(Tt TnV jOLK^07ro7\lV' Kj 7Ta^W avi^ TlfJLO^€y(^ (JLS^ 
TOL V^ 'AXOLIO^V 'iK 'ElKVC^V^ (^QYi^£v, 

TavTa (^ (^djTi^v (pvKaKnv -^ vvKiog cLKii(Tag K7\€Ofj8{jng, fJLin^rifi- 
-^aTo Meyi^ovav, k^ Tr^og o^ynv 'iKiX<^(TiV ^^vg ug "A^y(^ ^on^fiv. 6 -jS 
■vTii^ '^^ 'A^yiiodv fjL0L7\^<f0L KaTOL7fi<rod(TOLp{jQ^' 7r^og avTQV \kuv(^ nv, ^ 

portunitate arceret potius Macedonas, quam advenerunt Argis per mare nonnuUi Arati a- 

figna cum legionibus exercitatis conferret. mici, qui accerflverunt eum, nuntiantes de- 

Hoc fequens confilium, redegit ad fummam ficere a Cleomene Argivos. Rebellionis fuit 

perplexiratem Antigonum. Neque enim fi- Ariftoteles archite£tus, qui non ^gre impulic 

.tis commeatus prseparaverat, neque vi per- multitudinem frendentem, quod tabulas no- 

rumpere infidente Cleomene pronum erat vas, quas exfpeftaverat, non prseftitiflet Cle- 

per tranfitum. Aggreffus per Lech^eum omenes. Igitur Aratus fumptis ab Antigono 

no£te irrepere, repulfus eft, ubi aliquot mi- mille quingentis militibus, Epidaurum tranf- 

lites defideravit. Unde plane ereftus animo mifit. Non praeftolatus eft autem illum A- 

Cleomenes, 6c fublati viftoria railites ejus, riftoteles, fed oppugnavit cum civibus arcis 

verterunt fe ad coenam : Antigonus vero ^- pricfidium, 6c fuccurrit ei ex Sicyone cum 

nimo fraftus eft, in non expedita neceflita- Achasis Timoxenus. 

te detrufus confilia. Deliberavit enim in