Skip to main content

Full text of "Plutarch's Lives"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 




I Dion, 

Primed for 

I 3 ] 

D 10 N. 

AS the Trojans, according to Smemdes, were not 
angry with the Cmnthiam for Joining their forces 
with the other Grwij in the confederate expedi- 
tion againft them, bccaufc Glaucus King of Lycia, whofe 
anceftors were originally of Cmnth, readily engaged on 
their lide, and brought them aid to Trey: (o neither can ' 
the Romans oxGrecians be juftly difplcafed with the aca- 
demy, by which both of them have been equally fa- 
voured, as will appear from this hiftorical account 0*" 
the lives of Brutus and Dion. For one of them was 
contemporary and familiarly converfant with Plato, and 
the other from his youth educated in his philofophy ; 
fo that they were like wreftlers trained in the fame fchoot 
and (ent forth to the fame important conflifls. Nor 
need we wonder if by the near refeinblanceandafHnityot' 
Vol. VI. A 2 iheir 

4 f be LIFE of 

their aftions, they confirm that maxim of their guide 
in the ways of virtue. Thai power and fortune muft concur 
ffjpitk jujiice and prudence^ in order to accomplijh any thing 

f-eat and glorious in tb$ management of publick affairs. 
or as Hippomachus the wreftler affirmed, that he could 
diftinguifh his fcholars at a great diftance, though they 
were- only carrying meat from the fhambles (j) ; in the 
fame manner it is reafonable to fuppofe that the fenti^ 
ments of thofe who have had a good education do alike 
influence their aftions, and communicate tp them a cer- 
tain grace, beauty, and dignity. 

There was alfo a ftrong refemblance between thefe 
two great men in thofe events of their lives which were 
rather the cfFedt of accident than defign j for they were 
both cut ofif by an untimely death, not being able to 
^ccomplifh thofe ends which through many dangers and 
difficulties they aitned at. But above all, this is mofl: 
wonderful, that the Gods forewarned both of them of 
their approaching death by the appearance of a fright- 
ful fpeftre. There are indeed fome who utterly deny 
any fuch thing, and fay, that no man in his fenfes ever 
law a phaatom or apparition; but that children only^ 
^nd filly,women, or men whofe intellefts fome overbear- 
ing paflion of the mind or diftempcr of the body has 
impaired, entertain fuch idle and abfurd fancies, and 
fo far give way to fuperftition as to imagine thcmfeives 
haunted by evil fpirits. Yet ifDi^n 2it\^BrutuSy men 
of philofophick minds and great dignity of charafter, 
who were not eafily deluded by fancy, or difcompofed 
by any fudden paflion, were fo difturbc4 at thefe vifi- 
ons, that they inrimediately declared to their friends 
what they had feen ; Lknow not how we can avoid ad- 
|T)ittingagait> that very ancient opinion^ however abfurd 
it may appea^r, that evil fpirits, out of envy to good 
men, vigoroufly qppofe whatever they do, and by raif- 
it^g diftradtions and terrors \n the niind, endeavour to 
Ihake and undermine their virtue, left by a fteady per-- 
fevcrance in gjoodnefs^ they fliould after death obtain ^ 


{}) It was caftoroary among the markets; whlck is. a circum- . 
t^e Grecians^ to go themfelves to fiance that cannot appear firange 


4iaippief con(iitibn of ft^turity than thofe wretched beings 
can ever hope for. But I fliaM refer thefe things to 
another place, and in this twelfth book of parallel lives^ 
begin with the elder. 

Dionyfius the firft, having feized on the goveWment 
of Sicily y married the daughter of Hermocrates^ a Syracu- 
fan. She, in an infurredion which the citizens made 
before the government was well fettled, was abufed in 
fuch a barbarous and outrageous manner, that for ihame 
£he put an end to her own life. But Dionjjfitts^ being 
foon re-efl:ablifhc;d and confirmed in the throne, married 
two wives, one named Doris a native of Locrisj the 
other Arijlomache^ daughter of Hipparinus^ a nobleman 
of the firft quality in Syracufe^ and collegue with Diony^ • 
^us when he was firft chofen Ge;ieral of the army. It 
is faid he married them both in one day. Which he 
enjoyed firft is uncertain ; but ever after he divided his 
kindnefs Equally betwixt them, both accompanying hinl 
together at his table, and m his bed by turns* Indeed 
the Syracufans were urgent that their own countrywoman 
might be preferred before the ftrai^er ; but DmSy to 
recompence the difadvantage of being a foreigner^ had 
the good fortune to be the mother of Dio7rjifiiis*s eldeft 
fon, whilft Ariftemache (Continued a long time without 
i0ue, though the King was very defirous to have chil- 
dren by her, and caufed Dms*s mother to be put to 
death, accufing her of having by potions and enchant- 
ments prevented Arijionmcb^s conception. 

DioH was Ariftomacbe*% brother, and at firft found ^ 
Very honourable reception at court, on his fitter's ac- 
count ; but afterwards when he had given proofs of his 
merit and abilitiesi be was beloved by Z)/V?«)yf«i for his 
own fake : and among other favours he ordered his trea-' 
furers to furni(hD/^» with whatever money he de- 
manded, but enjoined them to give him the fame day 
an account of wb^t they had delivered to him. Now^ 
though ^'^if Was before reputed a perfon of extfaordi- 
joary genius^ of a nobk mindi and great courage, yeC 


10 tbofii who hav^ read the i:h^xz&ttt oS theoptfti^i 

A J (i)lt 


6 rbe LIVE of 

all thefe excellent qualifications received a confiderable 
improvement by PJato^s happy arrival in Sicily. It was 
without doubt no human contrivance, but the direc- 
tion of providence, defigning that this rerndte 'caufc 
fbould afterwards occafion the recovery of the libtrcy of 
the Sicilians^ and the fubverfion of the tyrannical go- 
vernment* that brought the phi lofopher out pf liafy^ 
and fettled h\tn zt Syracufe. Dion foon gained his ac- 
quaintance, and though very young became the moft 
confiderable among his fcholars, by his woriderful di^ 
pofition to learning, and inclination to virtue, as Plat9 
nimfelf reports of him (2), and his own adbions fufS- 
ciently teftify. For though his education under the ty- 
rant had been mean and fervile, though he had lived in 
a ftate of dependanCe, uncertainty, and' hazard, had 
been accuftomed to pride and oftentation, to the moft 
extravagant luxury, and to that kind of life in which 
nothing is efteemed excellent and valuable but wealth 
and pieafure, yet no fooner- had he imbibed the firil 
principles of philofophy and of that fcience which points 
out the road to virtue, but his foul was infiamed with 
a generous ardour ; and with the fimplicity of a young 
man judging from his own propenfity togoodnefs, that 
thefe doftrines would have the fame effeft upon Dic$^ 
Jius, he endeavoured to perfuade him, and ac laft pre- 
vailed with him at a leifure bour to admit and hear 
Plaio. At their meeting, the fubjeift of their difcourfe 
in general was virtue j but more particularly they .dif- 
puted concerning fortitude, which Plato proved that ty- 
rants, of all men, had the leaft pretence to ; and thence 
proceeding to treat of juftice, heaflferted the happy eftatc 
of the juft, and the miferable condition of the unjuft. 
Here the King, touched to the quick, and not able to 
anfwer his arguments, would not endure to hear him 
out, but was highly difpleafcd with the reft of the audi- 
tors, who with wonder and delight had liftened to his 


I (2) Ic is in his feventh letter, to him fuch tUngs di I tbougbt 

y where he fays^ Far my part fwhttt were the heft and mofi adapted to 

J conver/ed with Dion» ivho 'uas the nature of maPf and, exhorted 

th&tt fvery youngs *wheit I expUdftid him to the praSice ofthenty I little 


Dion. f 

diiboliries. Ac I^ng^h, being eicceedingly exafpieratedj 
he aiked the philofopher in a great rage, What bujmefi 
be bad in Sicily ? To which Plata anfwered^ / came hither 
i49 feek 4m boneft man : Itfeems tben^ replied Dim^fius^ you 
have loft yoUr labour. DioH imagined chat the King*s^dif- 
pleafure would teft chere } but as Plato was in hafte cd 
be gojie^ he conveyed him fuddenly aboard a galley irt 
which Pollis che Lacedsmonian was returning co Greece. 
BwDiofrfftMS privacely prefied Pollis by all means to kill 
Pla/o in the voyage, or ac leaft to fell him for a flave ; 
For J faid he, /'/ will be doing him no injury^ fince according 
io bis own maxims ^ being ajuft many he will be as happy in 
a ftate of flav&y as he can be in a free condition. Pollis 
therefore, as it is reported, carried Plato to Mgina^ and 
there fold him to Che /Eginetes^ Who were chen ac war 
wich the Athenians^ and had made a detree, chac whac*^ 
ever Athenian was uken on cheir coafts, fhould imme- 
diately b6 expofed'Co fale. Nocwithftanding thi^ Dim 
was in no lefs favour and credit with Ditmy/ius than 
fwrnerly, was entruftcd with the moft confiderable 
employments, and fenjt on an honourable embafly to 
Carthage. Dionnfius had fo high^an efteem for him, that 
he bore very patiently the liberty he took with him, and 
allowed him to fpeak his mind freely without any re- 
ferve. Of this we have an inftance in the fmart repar- 
tee he one day made to Dr^^m^ who ridiculing ^^-^ 
/(^'s government, and alluding to his name^ faid, Gelo 
was [Gelos^ the lattghing-ftock of Sicily; while others 
feemed Co admire and applaud this turh of wit, Dion 
very warmly riepliedi &r, you got the crown by being 
trufted for Gt\oU Jake\ but for your fake no man will ever JL . 
be trufied hereafter ; for indeed Gelo made it appear that 1 
monarchy was the beft of governments^ and you have con- 
vinced us that it is the worft. 

Hionyfius had three children by Doris^ and four by 
Ariftomacbe^ tVro of which were daughters named Sophro- 

.thn^bi I tvdt thek Ufen fitly opMng dintfi akd iagkrim/s vahateher ijuas 
u *way io the Mai fuinjerfion of the /aid io bimy thai 1 never JigiAt any 
tyranny. For he *wert if a docile ycUng man ^worthy to he compared 
hiHptr\ and recii*utd with fuch rea- lA^i'^himi 

O 4 (I) Thii 

8 ^^ L I F E ^ 

fyne and Arete. Soj[^brofyne was married to his eldeft fon 
Dionysus J whom he had by Doris the Locrian^ and ^#/f 
to his brother Tbearides ; after whofe deaths Dhn mar- 
ried his niece Jrete. When Dion^us was tick, and like 
to die, D/W endeavoured to difcourfe with him in be- 
half of the children he had by Ariftvmacbe 5 but the phy- 
ficians, defigning to ingratiate themfelves with the next 
fucceffor, were too quick ^for him ; for, as Tim^us re- 
iiorts, the Prince having demanded ibmething to make 
^im fleep, they prepared for him fo ftrong a dofe that it 
jAfoon deprived him of his fenfes, and clofed his fleep 
with death. 

However, in the firft council which the young Dio^ 
tyjius held with his friends, D/0» difcourfed fo well upon 
the prefent ftate of affairs, and the meafures that were 
moft proper to be taken, that he made all the reft ap- 
pear to be mere children in underftanding ; and by the 
freedom with which he delivered his opinion, he fliowed 
that they were rather flaves than counsellors, who timo- 
roufly and difingenuoufly advifed what would beft pleafe 
the young King, rather than advance his intereft. But 
that which ftartled them moft, was the propofal he made 
to avert theiminent danger they feared ofa war with the 
CartbaginianSy undertaking to fail immediately over into 
Africa^ and if the King defired it, to fettle a peace upon 
honourable terms i but. if he rather inclined to war, he 
offered to fit out and maintain fifty gallies at his own 
expence. Diomfitts admired the noblenefs of his fpirit, 
and received his friendly offer with great fatisfaftion* 
But the other courtiers, thinking this generofity re- 
fleded upon them, and fearing they might be lefiened 
by his growing greatncfs, from thence took all occafions 
to incenfe the King againft him, intimating that he de- 
figned by his power at fea to furprize the govdrnmenr, 
and by the help ofthofe naval forces cbrifer the fupremc 
authority upon his frfter Jrifiomacbeh children. But 
indeed the principal and moft apparent caufe of their 
envy and hatred to him, was his refcrvednefs in c©n- 
verfation, and Angularity in his way of living : for 


D I O N. 9 

they had from the begmaing infinuated themfelTcs into 
the favour and familiarity of this young and ill edu* , 
cated Prince, by flattering him, by miniftring to his ap< 
petiteS) and contriving to engage him perpetually in a 
giddy round of pleafure, in drinking, in amours, and 
other low and diflblute amulemencs. By this means 
the tyranny^ like iron listened in the fire, feemed to the 
fubjeds to be more moderate and gentle, and to abate 
fomewhat of its extreme feverity ; the edge of it being v^ 
Uunted, not iby the clemency, but rather by the weak^ - 
nefs of the young King, whofe indolence increaling daily 
till it had infefted his whole nnind, foon diflblved and 
broke thofe adamantine chains, with which his father 
Diimyfius faid he had left the monarchy fecured. It is i 
reported of him, that having begun a drunken debauch, / 
he con tinued it ninety da ys without intermiflion ; in / 
all which time no grave man appeared, no ferious dif- 
courfe was heard, but drinking. Tinging, dancing, buf- 
foonery, and all forts of licentious mirth were the 
whole bufinefs of the court. It may eafily be imagined 
therefore that they could not patiently bear the prefence 
of Dion^ who never indulged himfelf in fuch diverfions 
and youthful frolicks; for which reafon they made 
his very virtues the fubjeft of their calumnies, giving 
them the name of thofe vices which were neareft allied 
to them : they called his gravity pride, his fincerity and 
freedom of fpcech infulence, the good advice he gave 
was conibrued as reprimand, and he was cenfured for 
negleding and fcorning thofe whom he would not ac* 
company in their exceffes. And to fay the truth, he "^ 
was naturally of a haughty humour, auftere, referved, ( 
and unfociable in converfation, which not only made / 
his company unpleafant to a young King, whofe ears { 
were fpoiled by flattery, but expofed him to the cenfurc ) 
of many of his own mod intimate friends, who though , 
they loved him for the integrity and generofity of his 
temper, yet juftly blamed his behaviour as- being coarfe . 
and harih, and quite unfuitable to the charader of a 
man who was concerned in the management of political 
affairs •, concerning which Plalo afterwards wrote to 


J hii 


Id TO^ L I F E gf 

him, and (as it were prophetically) adVifed. hihi bait-» 
lly CO avoid mcrofenefs tbi companion of foliiude*^^ 
Though Diotty by nfafon of the. pre lent, ftatc of af- 
fairs was very confiderable and in great efteem, as be- 
ing the only, or at leaft the chi^ fupport of .the govern- 
ment, which was in a tottering condition ; yet he well 
underftood that he owed not his greatnefs to the King'^ 
friendfhip, but to the neceiTity of his affairs. And Tup- 
pofing the caufe of this to be his ignorance and want of 
education, he endeavoured to engage him in a courfe of 
J liberal ftudies, and to infpire him with a uile for chofe 
A fciences which tend to regulate the temper and manners ; 

> hoping by this means to cure him of that dread which 
he had of virtue, and by degrees inure him to a com- 

. placency in what was good and laudable. Dionjifius in 
his Qwn nature was noc the .word of princes ; but his 
father fearing that if his mind ihould be improved and 
enlarged, and he ihould converfe with wife and learned 
men, he might plot againft him, and difpoUefs him of 
his kingdom, kept him in clgfe confinement -, where, for 
want of company^ and from ignorance of better things^ 
he buiied himfelf in making little chariots, candlefticks^ 
joint-ftools, tables, and the like wooden implements. 
For Diotjyjius the elder, was fo diffident and fufpicious 
of all mankind, and io wretchedly timorous, that he 
would not fuffer a barber to cut his hair with fciffarsy 
but made one of his attendants finge it off* with a live 
coal. Neither were his brother or his foh allowed to 
come into his apartment in the habit they wore, bu( 
they, as all others^ were ftript naked by fome of the 
guard, and put on other cloaths before they were ad- 
mitted into his prefence. When his brother Leptines 
was once explaining the fituation of a place^ and took 
a javelin from one of the guard to trace out the plan of 
it, he was highly incenfed ai him, and caufed the (oU 
dicr that delivered him the weapon to be put to death- 
He declared. That be was afraid of bis friends becaufe be 
knew that tbey were men offenfe^ and bad rather command 

jban befubjeS to a fuperior^ He flew MarfyaSy one of 




D I O N. II 

hiis caprnin^, whom he bad preferred to a con 6def able 
command, for dreaming thac he killed him ; fuppofing 
that the idea was fuggefted by fome defign which he / 
had formed when he was awake. Yet this timorous 
mart, ^who was thus wretched from his' continual fears 
and artxitties, was very angry with Plato^ bccaufe he 
would not allow him to be the moft valiant of all 

THorty as we faid before, feeing 'Diovyftus the fon de- 
fedive in bis underftanding, and irregular in his man** 
ners, for want of good education, advifed him toap^ 
ply himfclf to ftudy 5 perfuading him earneftly to erf- 
treat PlutOy the greatcft philofopher in the world, to 
come into £i^/(y; and when he came, to commit himfetf 
CO him, that by his inftruftions he might improve in 
virtue^ and conform his mind to that divine exemplar 
of fupreme truth and excellence from whence is derived 
all the harmony and beauty confpicuous in the fyftem 
ofthe univerfe; by which means he wquld procurie 
great happinefsto himfelf andall his people, and would 
of a tyrant become a King ; and bis iubjcfts won by his 
juftice and moderation, would then willingly yield him 
iKat obedience as a father, which now they paid him 
by conftraint as a defpotick fovereign. Far fear and jf 
fircCy faid he, a great navy^ and a numerous guard of bar^ ' 
barianSy are not (as your father faid) the adamantine chains 
which fecure the regal power ^ but that Icrve and affeSiion of 
thefubjeSs which is gained by clemency andjufiice ; tbefe 
fofter bonds have much greater force to fecure a permanent 
dominion than the galling fhackles of conftraint and tyranny. - 
BifideSy it is mean and difhonourable that a Princey while 
be fo far furpaffes others in the richnefs of his drefsy and in 
tbefplendor and elegance of his boufe^ furniture^ and eqiti- 
pagey Jhould not at all excel the vulgar in difcourfe and con- 
verfationy nor have his mind actomplifbedy as well as bis 
body adorned in a manner fuitable to his royal dignity. 

Dion frequently urging the King upon this fubjeft, 
and as occafion offered repeating feme oi Plato* ^ argu- 
ments, Dionyfms grew impatiently defirous to have Pla-^ 
to^% company, and^to him difcgurfc. Ke therefore 



.12 Hie hi F:E of 

immediately fent many letiei's tt3^im to Atbm^ to which 
J)ion add^d his entreaties. At the fame time aifo feve- 
4'al philofophers of the Pythagorean fe<St wrote to him 
from Italy and requeued him co come and undertake the 
direftion of this young Prince, whofe mind was per- 
verted by power, and reclaim him by the.folid counfeh 
of realbn and phiiofophy. Plato^ as he fays himfelf, 
being afhamed tofeem bufy only in words, and (lothful 
in action, and hoping, that if he could work a cure 
.upon one man, the head and guide of the reft, he might 

V remedy the diftempers of the whole kingdom of Sicily^ 

^ yielded to their requefts. 

But Dianas enemies fearing an alteration in Dionyjius^ 
,perfuaded him to recal from banifliment one PhiliJiiuSi 
a learned man indeed, but very Ikilful in tyrannical po- 
licy, whom they defigned to fet in oppofition to Plata 
and his phiiofophy. For Philijiius from the beginning 
was a great inftrument in promoting the tyranny, and 
being Governor of the citadel, kept it a long time fof 
that fadion. There was a report, that he was familiar 
with the mother of D/^»X^«f the elder, and that the ty* 
rant was not altogether ignorant of it. . But Leptinei 
having two daughters by a. married woman whom he 
had debauched, gave one of them in marris^e toPbili^ 
JliuSy without acquainting the King, who being enraged^ 
put Leptines^s miftrefs in prifon^ and hsiniQied Pbiliftius^ 
who thereupon fled to fome of his friends ztAdria^i iri 
which retirement it is probable hecompoied the greateil 
part of his hiftory(3)-, for he did not return into 
his country during the reign of thsLt Dionysus. But af- 
ter his death, aS'is before related, D/^i^*s enemies occa-^ 
iioned him to be recalled home, as a man fit for theif 
purpofe, and a firm friend to the arbitrary government, 
which he immediately upon his return endeavoured ' to 
abet. At the fame time calumnies and accufationa 

again ft 

(3) Thii Phili/Hm was no6 oaly iti twelre books, that of Sicily in 
r peHbn of fiogular ktiowkdge eleven, and that (^ DiotQfius the 
in martial affairs, but he was tyrant, in iix. Cicero goes fa far 
likewife a great hiftorian. He in his cocnmendacion as to fay hci 
corapQfed ehe biitor/ ^ ^^^pt mightalAoHbe^ledThucyaidfs 


D I O N. 13 

a^infl: Dion were by otHers brought to the Kirfg ; at 

that he held correfpondence with Theodotes and Heraclides^ 
to fubvert the monarchy. For indeed it is likely he 
bad hopes by the arrival oi Plato to kfleh the exorbitanlt 
power of DiotrjifiuSj and make him moderate and equi- 
table in his authority ; but if he continued averfe to 
that, and were not to be reclaimed, he refolved to de*^ 
pofe him, and reftore thecommonwealth to the 5;^^- 
cttfansi not that he approved a popular government, ^ 
but he thought it preferable to a tyranny, when a good 
ari ftocracy cbuld^fioc be procured. 
• . This was the ftate of affairs when P/^/0 came into 
Sicily. At his firft arrival he was received with won-i 
derful demonftrations of kindnefs and refpeiSi:^ for one 
of the King's richeft chariots waited upon him when be 
came on Ihore. Dionyfiui hinafdf facrificed to ohe Gods 
in thankful acknowledgment of th^ great happinefs 
they had by the arrival of that philofopber conferred on 
his kingdom. ' The citizens alfo entercained great hopes 
of a fpeedy reformation. For at court they obferved t 
modeft decorum in their feaftings, and a grave compo<^ 
fure in their behaviour, and the King himfelf returned 
kind and obliging anfwers to ail perfons to whom he 
gave audience. Men were generally grown very diefir* p / 
ous of learning, and eagerly intent upon the ftody of 
philofophy; fo that all the apartmsents in the court itlelf, 
itisfaid, were like fo many fchools of geometricians/ 
full of the dufl: which thofe ikidentsmake ufe of to de« 
fcribe their mathematical figures, 

Not long after, at a folemn &crifice in the caftle^ 
when the herald, according to cuftom, prayed for the 
long continuance of the prefent government, Di^nyfiux 
ftanding by, faid, fVhat^ will you mver leave off curftng me? " 
This fenfibly vexed Philiftus and his party, who con* 
j^ftured, xhzx. li PlaiOy tiy fo little acquaintance, had 


ihf le/s^ fene fufiUui fbucyJidis. by his perfpicuity. That which' 

]t is true he never coold arrive at he was moft to be blamed for 

7'i6«f;^/V<i*sdigaitx of flyle; but. was his zealous fkU^higei^t tfir 

l^e made ainends for tha( def(^4l tyranny. 

14 ' The h I F< E cf 

thus changed and transformed the! young'King*^ mihd, 
he -would by longer converfe, and greater i^timafey, 
^et fuCk power and authority, that it wouId*'be? im- 
poflible to withftand him.- They therefore no longer 
privately and ieparately^ but jcnntly and in'publick 
began all of them to rail at Dion^ faying, that he ma- 
nifeftly charmed and bewitched Diomjius by^ means of 
Plato's eloquence, that when the King was pei^ftiaded 
' voluntarily tb part widi the regency, and' give up bis 
authority, he himfelf might feize it, and fettk it upon 
his jQfter Arijiomache'% children. Others feemed to re- 
lent it as a great ind^nicy, that the Atbtnians^ who 
formerly arrived in Sicily with a great fleet, and nume- 
rous land-army, but were routed and dcfkoyed, with- 
out bdng able fo much as to take the city of dffracuft^ 
jhould now by means of one fophill, overturn the 
whole empire of Dimyfiusy by perfuading him to quit 
his guard of ten thoufand fpearmen, give up a navy of 
faur. hundred galHes, difband an army of ten thoufadd 
horfe, and feveral times that number of foot, in order 
to feekv in the academy an unknown and imaginary 
]>l>ifs, and to derive his happinefs from the- ftudy of 
geometry, rwhile in the meantime he refigned the fub** 
ftaincial enjoyments of abfolute power, of riches and 
pleafure^ to i>w» and his ^fifter^s children. 

By thefc means at itf ft "Dim incurred the King's fuf- 
picion, and by degrees his apparent difpleafure and 
averfion. A letter alfo was intercepted, which Dion 
had written to the Carthagimam^tnit^ advifing them, 
whin they treated, witi Dionyfius concerning a peaee^ not 
y to come to their audience; unlefs be were there ; becaufe , 
then he would effeSiualfy difpatcb their bujinefs according 
to their minds. When Dicnyjius \i'sA Ihowed this to Phi- 
lifiusj and, as Timaus relates, confulted with him* about 
it, he over-reached . Dion by a feigned reconciliation, 
pretending to receive him again to his favofur. But 
. leading him alone one day to the fca-fide, under the 
n caftk wall, he fliowed him the letter, and taxed him 
)^ with cdnfpking with the Carthaginians againft him. 
When Dion attempted to offer fomething in his own 
I defence. 

D I O N. 15 

defence, DUwifius refufed to hear btm» and immeduitdy 
forced him aboard a ^eflel, which lay there for that 
purpofe, and commanded the. failors CO fet him afliore 
on the coaft of Itafy. 

When this was publickly known, * all men thought 
the aftion very tyrannical and cruel. All perfons about 
the court were exceedingly concerned for the fake of 
the women ; but the citizens of Syracufe began to take 
courage,, expefting. that the general difcontent caufed 
by Dion*^ di&race, and the miitruft which others would 
now have or the Kingv might produce an alteration in 
the ftate. Diomfius perceiving this, and being very 
much concerned at it, endeavoured to pacify the wo- 
men, and others of DiWs friends and relations *, afiiir* 
ing them, that he had not baniflied, but only fent him 
out of the way for a time, fearing that if he continued 
there, paflion might prompt him to punifh his obfti* 
nacy witH greater fcvcrity. At the fame time he al- 
lowed his friends two ihips, and. gave them liberty 
to put on- board as much of his treafure and as many 
of his fervaots as they p]eafed» and tranfporc them to 
him into Pthpamefm. For Dion was immenfely rich, 
and little inferior to the King himfelf in the fplendor 
of his furniture and mannet ot living. His friends hav- 
ing packed. up every thing that was valuable conveyed 
them to him, together with m^ny rich prefencs which were 
lent him by the ladies and others of his acquaintance^ 
Infomucb that the abundance of his wealth and trea- 
fure gained him great honour and refpedfc among the 
Grecians ; and this opulence and grandeur of a perfon 
who was an exile, convinced them how great the power 
and magnificence of the tyrant muft be. 

As foon as Dion was fent away, the tyrant removed _\ 
P/aia into the citadel, dcHgning under colour of an 
honourable and kind reception, to fet a guard upon 
him, left he (houid follow Dion^ and declare to the 
world in his behalf, how injuriouily he had baen treated. 
But now time and conv^rfation (as wild beafts by ufe 
grow tame and trad^able) brought Dionyjius to endure ^ 
Plato* s company and dilcourfei fo. that he began. to^ 


i!6 The L I FrE (f 

love the philoibpber, but ivfth' fuch an a^eSton, as had 
I fomething of the tyrant in it, requiring of Plato^ that 
j he fhould, in return of his . kindnefs, love him only^ 
I and admire him above all other men ; being 'ready to 
commit to his care the ' chief management of affairs^ 
and even the whole government, upon condition that 
he would not prefer Dion^s friendfhip before his. This 
extravagant afieftion was a. great trouble to Piaio y it 
being accompanied with petulant and jealous humours, 
like the fond paifions of thofe who are defperately in 
love, with frequent quarrels, and as frequent- fubmif- 
iions and reconciliations % for now he was beyond mea- 
sure defirous to be P/a/^'s fcholar, and to proceed in 
the ftudy of philofophy ; yet he feemed ftill to have 
fdme regret, and to be aftiamed of himfelf before thofe 
.who endeavoured to divert him from thb defign, as if 
he were grown degenerate, and like to be i|)oiled and 

But a war about this time breaking out he was ob- 
jT liged to fend Plato away, but promifed him before his 
departure to recall Dion the next, fummer. In this in- 
deed he was not fo good as -his word ; however, he re- 
mitted to him the produce* of his eftate,deiiring Plato 
to'excufe him for not keeping to the time he had fixed, 
by.reafon of the war; but afluring him that as foon as 
he had concluded a peace, he would immediately fend 
for DiV«, whom in the mean time he defired to be quiet, 
and not to raife any difturbance, nor fpeak any thing^ 
ill of him among. the Grecians. This Plato endeavoured 
to eflFeft, by keeping Dion with him in the academy, 
and bufying him in his philofophical iludies. 

Dion lived in the city with Calippus^ one of his ac- 
quaintance } but for his diverOon, he bought a feat in 
the country, which afterwards, when he went into 5/- 
0ly^ he gave to Speufippus^ who of all his friends at 
Athens was his moft conftant companion ; for Plato was 
defirous to foften the auftcrity of Dion^ by blending it 
with. the pleafantry, facetioufnefs and elegance of Speu- 
Jippus. For that he excelled in railkry we are told ^by 
^imon in his fatires. . 


n r - .0 N. ^ly 

t WhilftJ9^ refided zt Athens^ it happened to be 
Piaiv^s turn to exhibit a piiblick fpedaclc and defray 
cfae chitrge of a chorus of boys ; but Dion topic upoa I 
himfelf the management of it, and paid the whole tx^ j 
pence; Plaio giving him diifr opportunity to oblige the 
AtbenianSy as the gbod-will which Dhfl mtght acquire 
by it, would probably be greater than the honour which 
.ivouid have redounded to himfelf* Dion Went alfp 
to fee feveral other cities, where he-conVerfed with 
men of the higheit rank and gre&ceft fkill in political 
affairs, and ' was publickly entertained by them. ' His 
converfation and manners were -free ffon> every thing 
rude or unbecoming, from all fymptoms^f tyrannical 
pride gnd luKUi^y ; in his whole behaviour he ihowed 
himfelf temperate, virtuous, and brave; ahd in bis phi* j 
lofophical and political difi^ourfes learjied and ingeni- 
ous. By this' means he gained ^ the love and refped of 
all men, and in many cities had publick honours de* 
creed ^him'} and the La<:edk^onians made him a citi2^n 
of Sparta^* Without regard tQ the diJpleafure ofDiofry^ 
Jius^ though at that time he allifted them coniiderably; 
in their war againft the ^hebans^ 
• It is reported, that D/(?;!r, upon an invitation, went 
to the houfe oi Ptesodorm the Megarenjiani ;Who was a 
very powerful and wealthy man ; and wheh by reafon 
of the gr^at concourfe of people about his dooris, who 
waited for the difpatch of bufinefs, it was very diffi- 
cult to get accefs to him, Dion turning about to his 
friends, who feemed concerned and .angry at it, faid, 
IVhat reafon have we to blame Ptoeodbrus, who our^ 
fsheS' ufed: oiir vifiiors no ^ better when we were at Syra- 

, Soon after, Diofiyfius envying Dion^ and being jealous 
of the inrereft he had among the Gr0a0Si kft off 
fending him his revenues, 4ind put the eftate into the 
hands, of 1^' own ftewards.* But that h«J might obvi- 
ate the ill-will .and difcrcdit, which upon Plato^s ac* 
count might accrue to him among the philofbphers, 
he got infSO' his court many who were reputed men 
of learning; and ambuioufly defiring to furp^fe thenx 
Vol. VI. B all 

1^^ i/ne JL I P r E ^i 

9^m rttc^r debates, hc%a&fp»ipcd.(ci^ottg|ifthjgtV^ 
y(?ffl. iWrtJpefitly) to make »(? :fiC wiiaj he hfld^^PCri 
,c:ations|l)y Jc^rned from pjai^ ^,4^fl(i now ^:«yi^c4>^r )w^^ 
iom^any again; repeating bf ,^a^4 ppt nwdc .toa» wfe 
of ic when he had it, ana given no greater heed c6k^ 
jj^q^llent p^<^pc^ and tjifcourfcs. Like a tyninL,^fc'c- 
'^^c^tx%Ta^9^^giskt in his dcfires, and violent in nii^.pafr 
jpns^. pn ii.fudden he was eagerly bent on reCf^Uing 
^tp ; for which .purpofe be tried every njcthod, ,^na 
at laft pfevaiJe4 mth.Jrcbytas and the other Pjtfky;A- 
rff??f philpfotphers to be feciinty for the performance ,p| 
y Jhis promifes,;and to perfuadc him to return ioi,o Si^ 
f^:i forit was, P/tf/^ who firft brought them acguavni|j5^ 
mtjbf jQiovjifiu^^ and eitabljihed th& right of holpitaUt^ 
ftetweqn them. . , b Lu \ 

, T'Me philofophers fent Jribidmuson thi^TsfOiV^ p^t 
to Plato J, and. at the fame time Dk^xfius /^ptfiging jgaU 
lies, and feveral of his friends to ifmpart^ne>l^.:lQ 
comjply.with his requeft, . He like wife, wfqtc.nitp^^iiri^ 
himtelfv, telling him ^n plain term$, tk^t^J^iqfinmJ^ 

fifir, kfik fqr at^ favour or kindmfsy if V\AtQV>OHldm( 
prevailed with to come info Sicily } butsfpnbfA'^m^ 
^i^l Jbe . migkt he ajfured of vibateve>\ he d^red. :,iQM^ 
^lio was much follicited by h;s fifter and hi|& lYifg Ito 
prevail on Plato ^o grj^tify Dion^us in this, reqi^eft*) that 
..()e might, have no excufe for treating hiiin wUl^.£;v^pty.^ 
So th^t Plata^ as he fay§ of himfelf, .fet.;^iL^9^ird' 
tiqie for iJ/Vi^, .: _ . . ^ : , r-. ., 

•- Daring once nutre the terriile Chtryhdls. "''';^ 7 

.,Hi3 arrival gaye great ^oy^Q Di^u;^^^f4^li^ 

Jefs hopes to the 5/f/7/V?Wv wtvo.ea^neftly^w 

^d^^voured, th?it.P/tfi:^j?ygh^.gft i;h>j^t^r.ef ^ipiW^yJ^iR, 

..^ philofbpby jrinnjph owr tyrac^ny.. Nwhfcf wiMi he 

.>}SLbcfrien4e4, by the won>^o,..who .upon a^ligtqa^a^ 

ftudkd CO pplige him. But he.had jvith J9^}^ftp6 

^fgdii; as no^njap elfe cverobta^^cdct. fo/rit^ t^ W» 

^^Iq^ed to Qfmt into bjs. pre|e|)qe wither t i^i|^^ ex- 

•^ Wined or fcajr^^ejj.. '^jft^fpm ^ljc^<5»-<^/9if.n haying 

^QlHeitfJy/cfiP |hf J^i^ft pflfcr-P/f/f ty.frj.cpnlkkra^^^ 

A -n ^^N 

I^ ^I^ ON. f4 

fm4]dmoiitr; ivwa^e^coriftantiy refafcd,- laa, «^ 

D38ivyfitls ';4t7^ Hieral ilffhbtM darker iff bkf ting bis trta^ 
i^ "V^ iUfe aobof^anted much be ganit very liitUy A 
^M a great deal fo Plato, becaufe be received w- 

S?eV^e^firtt citilitics were ovef* when PJato began 
Si^aifeBrffe-of D/i?», he attempted to 'amirfe him with 
^lUtdij es^bufes, which foon aftef begat feuBs and dif'^ 
gift^/ thbugh f or Ac p^^ they were not publicfclf 
reidi^edV fof tiitnrjt/ks endeavoured as mucn as j>of- 
iHbfe to conceal them, * aiid by other civilities and ho- 
nburable tifage to draw 'him oifFfrom hie kindneiii to 
TfiiH. Plhtp fof fome tfnie did not divulge this perfi* 
dtoiis dealing, and breach of promife, but bore with 
it, and diflembled his refentment. While matters ftpod 
<Mii Ke^lxf them^ and they thought tfeey were unob* 
ferised ind'tindifcovered, Heticon the Cyzicenian^ one of 
f^^^&^'s followers, foretold ah eclipfe of the fun^ which 
fi&f^ried acc6rding to his predidion. For this he wai 
iniiiidi^niired by the 'King, and rewarded with a ta* 
knc ^TiWer. Jrijiippui^ jefting with fome others of 
th^ philoffoptiers, told ttiem, he alfo had fomething ex« 
traordinary to prd^noRicate; which they entreating u 
Mm to declare, I Jbretely faid he, thai Dionyfitts and /^ 
Waio will in a very little time fall out. 
* At length Diofrj^foldDion^s eftate, converted the 
hioney ix> bis own Die, and removing PAi/^ fix>m an 
apartment he had in the gardens of the palace, placed 
him among hi^. guards who had long, hated Plato, and 
wifhed to deftroy him, fuppofing that he advifed Dio^, 
'fgfi»^ lay down the government, and dtiband his fol-^ 
^9d%' ilVhcn Arelytas underftood the dianger Plato wa« 
Irtf*,^ be kri mediately fen t a galley with mcflcngers, to 
dciMhdliini^of iJ*^^; ailedging, that he ftood eii-» 
^^i^^SPftir his fttfi2ty,bpon« the confidence of- which PZoft^ 
*attid^*iljS?ir/^: 'i5/>«^ to palliate htk fecret hatred^ 
hd6^ P4y/d departedV made great eiitcitainmants^ and 
lh6v««f*«m^H otitwird-^ of klmJnefe';- but he. 

«)Uia><!itfbrbiar'Wcaking out oik day into this ex- 
priWfio*', ^JV'<7i^i^/i* Plato, u?^ tin tU bme amot^ 
' ^ B 2 «*t 

i6 • 7'beL I F E 5/* 

tbi fbihfophers your companions^ you will complain of me^ 
and reckon up a great many of my faults. To which Plato 
anfwcred, fmiling, / hope wejhall never Ufo rnuch at it 
tbfs in the academy for fiibjeSis of difcqurfe^ as to talk of 
you. Thus, they fay, 'Plato was difmified ; but his pwn 
writings dcx not altogether agree with' this rcktion,; 
' Tiion was very ^ngry at this, and hot Idiig after de- 
dared himfelf an open enemy to tJionyfius^ having re- 
ceived fomc intelHgertce concerhirig hi> wife ; which is 
hinted Mj Plato in a letter to Dionyfius. The afFaif V(ras 
Chis. After 2)/V;fsbani{hment, Dionyjtus fending back 
Plato, dcfired him to afk Dion privately^ if he would bfe 
averft "to'his<¥ifc*s marrying another Irian: for iherd 
was' a report, (but whether it was true, or raifed bj^ 
Bionh enemies^ is Uncertain) that his itiatritnoniai fiatc^ 
)L- K9ki not agreeable to him, and that there was a coplnefs 
arid indifference between him and Jrete. * Therefore 
-ffhttiPlatp came to Athens^ and had difcourfed upbrt 
the fubjcA' with Bion, hie wrote a letter to Dionyftus, \ii^ 
which he expreffed every thing elfe plainly and intelli- 
gibly ; but: he mentioned this affair iii covert arid ab- 
ftrufe term's, that ribne but he might underftand it^ 
telling him, that be bad taikedwithTJioprabout the bu/tnefs^ 
and that it was evident he would highl^ refent the affront'^ 
if Dionyfius Jhould attempt any fuch thing. At that^timc. 
therefore, while there were yet any hopes of ah accom- 
modation, he madenoalWatiort ifthisfifter^s fituanpnj^. 
fufFering her to live v/it\\ Dion's fori ; but when alt prB- 
fpeft of a reconciliation was at an end, sind Plalo^ after 
his fecond return, Was again fent away in difpleafure^ 
he then forced Jrete agarnft her will to m^vry^Ttnmri' 
fes^ one of his favourites.; in this aftion coming ffiort 
feven of his fatherVjuftice and lenity. For when PhU 
ToxepuSy who had married his filler T^^^f, "beirig in Sif- 
grace, and his declared enemy, had fled for fear ah^ 
ihfi'^Tcifyy heferit for his fitter, arid reproaehecf'hei^ 
With bding privy t6,' her hufbarid's flight without* de- 
claring it to hihi : but Ihe fearlefs and unmoved, re- 
.^^^ plred. Bo you belhvif^e' 'Dionyfius^ fo bad a wife ^ or 


DION. ^ 

^ timrous a wmm^ that bMmg H^t^wt fpr, if^hi^s 

JU^f^J wcuM n^ hmii^ barn khn cmtpatg^ Md Jhared 

the worft of bis f^tunes ? Jndeed I was ign&rofU cf ii^ 

fftr it bad bem better and more honourable for me tp U 

failed the wife of the exile Fhilox^hus^ than the ftfier of 

fbe tyrant X)\Qny&^%. It is faid, the King ^mired^her 

refolute anfwer ; the Syra^ufans alfo honoured . her for 

4ier virtue fo mqc)), (hat (he regained her dignity and 

iprinqely fetinue after the diffolution of the tyranny ; 

and when Aie died» the citizeqsi by publick. d/ecree» 

Attended the folemnity of her funeral. Though this 

be a digreOion, Jt is not altogether ^n ufelefs ofie. 

FroBnLthi$ time Jiion fet his mind wholly upon a 
war. Phto declinjed engaging with him in it froQ> a rer 
fiacd to the holpicable entertainment h^ had received 
horn Dionjifiusy, and becaufe qf his advanced age. ^ Buc 
^peufippHs and the reft of Dion'% friends affiftqd and 
encouraged him to undertake the deliverance of Sir 
dfy^ which. fcfemed to ftretch out its hands to him» and 
.was ready to reqeive him jpyfully. For while Plato 
was at Syracufey : Speqfippus, being oftner.tb^P he in 
/company, wiih the citizeixSj thrqughly underftQod .»hpw 
they were inclined. At firft indeed they were afraid 
to fpcak frediy to hindr fufp^ftipg that he ,w^s fet on 
by the King tp lenfoare tbenji but at length they placed 
an entire . confidence in him. They generally agreed 
in their wiflies . and prayers, :that Dion woi^ld yncjer* 
take ihedefign, apd come, though -without either navy, 
pien, horfcs, or ai:ms i %h^ he would put himfelf 
aboard a ihip, and lend the Sicilians only his perfon 
and name againft Dignyfius. This information . from 
$peufippm encouraged DioUy who, that he mighp the 
better. conceal, his delign, employed his, friends pri- 
vately to raife what men they could. Many ftatef- 
nien and philofophers gave him their afliftance.; among] 
whom were Eudemus the Cyprian^ (on occafion of whofe 
death Arijloile wrote bis dialogue on the foul) and ZVV 
njonidestht Leiicadiany thty alfo engaged on his 'fide 
Mltas the fbejfalidn^ a footh-fayer, and his fetid w-ftu- 
dent in the academy. . Of all that wer? baniflied by 

B 3 Dionyfius^ 

.42 ^^ L I Bt E 0P . 

-twemy-^five- (^) joined wkkhlltiv' the i^ft^fdr^^a^^tfes 

' <iidbg 't^e ttHdertaking. - Tbe'^neral rtnde^iri»k^«As 

/Sfi ^^ ifliatid tiZAcynthuii tileKe die ^amijF^ie^^^^ 

ii^hieh did-nOt afmcurit in all tonight hundirddlii^i^]^} 

but ffaey #«fe meh who had fignalised utemfil/te^^m 

- ^ahy and great ^trgagemi^AiMi % they «9idi« weUi '>Bifei* 

^'l^inedand ihOrtd to hafrdMpi and for cowagei aiid 

•condudk, the Tcry Sower of tXi the foUkt^ f^and^foth 

^s by tiieir ejtaii^le Would aniiaiiaiie' and enoouftigr M 

idfioti the numerous forces Bhm hoped to hwe iii^5ir- 

€%^. Yet thefe men^ when they firft underOoiod^ «be 

ftR:peditioi> was againft Bknyjks^ were troubled and dif- 

^heartened, blaming IHm^ as ^^man who hurrlad pn by 

a nradnefsof rage and defpair, threw both biihtfei^^and 

them into certain ruin. Nor werfc diey lefs aosry with 

their -commanders and thofewho had adifted tfaem, 

-l)€caure they did not in the beginning let thei# know 

the defign of th« war. But when Dion Jiadin>dQ .om* 

tibn (bowed cb^m the weak tondition of the tynuit'a 

government, and declared that lie cacrii^ tYaixa radmr 

fbr commamleFs than foldiers, the citizens otSyt^MfCi 

iihd the reft of the Suiliansy halving been long Ti^y for 

a revolt rand when Akim^ies^ tn^ mo^^ cncirids^rahle 

ma:n ^ttiong the Aeh^ans in birth and repuouaicni;^ who 

iecompanied him in the expedition, had. bamiq^ued 

them to the fame effc6l, they werf iatb(ied.v 

It was now the midil offiimmer^ the winds called 
(6) Etefim then prevailed, ^xidi the moon was ^ the &U^ 


^ ( 5) ^^ mhMii^efhn/i t^gtt ^ ^omi utiMfi^.sf iwveaSf. arfiat^ki mtd 

piffitoid^ git iheheihr tfn friktt^ ^mt^ bt^^s, ftrsfi^bin^^ nmA Jk0 

nkho ijadat bis c^fi^rieind fi^r hun-* nhfi p^werfii aiUtrnte^ i^> 7bi <mf^ 

Jf^fiips ofnaaf^y a hmdred thou- ^ Dion*i unparalleled fite^ef^ ^iaas 

finitfkt^^ehtl^diitl'korfi^ftwis ^^im -tki firfr-fkut^-J^i^^toutA^ and 

»f ammmtittQH tmdfron>ifiM in j»tv» ^magktmimis^'jxfiwtd to ib» gwi. mH 

fAf^hni <md tfiafien fitficim for md^^i^^e&ion^xf thi^ fpt^. ihi^.cf 

iht niidwtenance of fmh numerous • kvkoje iibnfy henrtifi suge^d, ,.Miijt 

firc^ J. ^bo htfidei alt thh bad in tbat^tieb iunsed maS /^ bu jkr-" 

^ff^fjfhf^Hh'^m^^coi^fiArabk of ^ ttruntrift of^tbdityt 

;ytt0elfli»>jandhtlse t^blf:s;for:f)^|h8d ^i^h ^Qlk^^ tnagni/iqcHP^e 

i u ffD^iwb]o^pls^f»ithQ^ua^ pif ^privatft 19^^^ fi^d 

r. (be]h coQcitidedi tbAC^i^ie of 4iis agei aa4r!naft«r ofv /o ^ 

•fxiwb(iirea&ire»^w)9uU^ .kr^^, bai^d{HiS;#n 

^cnterpnzd, c wkHiDUli gQo4 hope of £^ccc(^ .ai>d cesc^n 

; tlietitbabiodt' and.Qli«<cM^Qe(ijKy jprayers^ -tho^ •frip(p)> mfL$ 
'f4dipfrdar Tbis'/muknoi tC fUl uirpri^ifig to.Z)/aiRr.w4o 
uMi<£stfftQ€dr;tbe Qoucfe «^ef. fh(| fMnand moooi and b$|w 1^ 
nflftein^oa «ras t>virihiKiow^ by<<he ia^^rpofuian of .tbel 
.rfiaith betwimi bee and/ the fun. 3u« it beiog neqefiar/ 
wdnfil i^ioldicnBihwi(^be:fHDis@ed s^n^jencoui^gedt wbo 
N^iiarefiC^rifidi uic/jbia appearanccy. .2^/^^ (be ^iv^Q^r 
I'AuK^ing sp^tn die midft of (be a^exRblyt b^c^t^-^c 
• r^Grar^ buincx{»fiiShaik tfatppy^ tymt^ bec^Ui^ cbq .Qods. iorf * 
. :iaM'tlb^rQ«Defbmg)tdiac^^ pr^rfi>('gj[orji|^W an4 iip* 

:J^QfifhMS:^^.iti Itfiti^ mil immediad^ h-f^ingmfiH^ 
:mffmytm ancwalin.SmXY*.:' Xbus Mil{^s m pvibj^f^k ^« 

fcanted oa.tb&.acpidea;: 43ut wIi^ra fwarm of^befs 
: liddreated^ vpoorcbenppop oi Diof$*s ihip< 7^» - be pri* 
.iiukety: coddJiint ainl bis fjcit^dsy tliai; ^9, jfftar^d. ^Jiac (t^e 

•:u^ i a<^ioas 

ram^wid^ ^feffiShnMif^fii- wind» r . for hitviog ia^liii . third 

« ludi\mtmuBciiig^^e^Htf ms may.hy /Her^ wichoiit doab( they ZJ^XO 
> foftiri^ B9 ^^bough^ incrtMbU. Dio- be t^Jkisn fQr the Bsl^ Eurm.Juif' 

dor. M^ *««- - > ':- . * >WfWA. b€C%4lfeitllCjr CQ^T^f^d 

<w»a»taattpwmVatjeeit»ftiiEBfc. > (7J Tbjs^wy^l.eftcpa^d qw9- 

<<ibns <rf dw y€aa^ ^veordiag 'to oiis not aniy^- by. tive Gr^«^, 4i(4C 

^/fvi^ they '^eiet'ibmetimes. the by the R^mf^ns .Ukewife* ^. we 

North, awi^fometimes^^e £alt learotlr9iRQff«R9i it^infaif or^ 

B 4 ftOf 

^ the h'l Vtof' 

adttoris t|ky were like to per&rm,. though in. diemfelWr 
gjef tens, yet would be but tif fliort c^omihtiafice, < anil 
thikt the fp}eo4or of tbem9' ^f^^^ ^ foddea bl^ize^would in' 
a moment be eclipfed. • It is reported al£cH that many 
prodigies happened to J)hf^ifim at that tiiiQO. > An eagte 
fnatchitig a javelia frouft one oC the guand earned it 
aloft, and from theiicelet it fall into the'fea. The 
water of the f(ja, that wafhed the walls ©f the citadel; 

. /, 

y was for a whole day . fwect and potable j as mssiny who 
tafted it experienced, Pig3 were farrowed perfed in all 
their other parts, but without ears. The- diviners de-> 
clared that this portended a revolt and r^beilion, and 
JGgnified that the fubjefts would no longei' give ear td 
the tpmmands of the tyrant.* THey faid tiiit the fweet^ 
liefs of the water fignified to 'the Syracufam a change 
from diftrefs and calanriity to a profperous'ilate« Th4 
eagle being the bird of Jup^er^ and the fpear an emblem 
of power and command; this prodigy was to denoie| 
thn Jupiter^ the chiefof the Gods, deTigfied the deftru<^^ 
tion and diflblution of the prefent governffiOTtv Theft 
things ^re related by ^beopompus in his hiftory. 

J9^*(?«'s foldiei's were cmbarjced on board of two trani 
^orts, which were tended by a third {bmewbat lefs, and 
two gillies of thicty oars. Beiide the arms of his foldiers, 
he carried two thoufand fhields, a gre^t number of datt^ 
;ind lances, and a vaft quantity ot all manner of pro^ 
rifionq, that there might be po want of any thing ii| 
their voyage ; becaufe they refolved to commit them^ 
felves to the wind and keep out at ftia, fearing to come 
near the fhore, upon ^dviee that Pbiliftus rode at anchor 
in^ the bay of ^«6V? mth'^ fle« rci^dy to iptcra;pt chcau 
Twelve clay s they failed with argentic gale ; and, on. the 
thirteenth they arrived at Pathynus^ a promontory of 
'Sicily. There the pilot ^dyifcd fhf^iti to land pr^cntly ; 

... * for 

tion de Uaru^c^m ttjpwfis^ fays, Jff«jv«itf»? ^^ inapumforiffffi 

Si exffmett apum JuJts in JetnAm fje* ixatkitie n^4x-Hiiarii/cQrkmfirif^ 

ptjpt^ haru/picis tu^ienJ$$ ex Hfr b^irvf^ft.Mt^^ firt^ttp^cwoewiim 

truria putaremuf. Videi^s tmi^ mnfPtnt^^it^Q^ Ifa/w4utm.of h$ti 

fuerfifepentf e:tiamind'tantafer*vprum fo^uld-ttm^e ^u ujudden^ ojui ^ffpf^r 

iminrfik 4it pofulum R^^ttnum^ef- £» tif,^pgf,^m^ti^/9ii&(tutm.4f 

iim% 0t^ue inclft/upiy (^ non ccm- thihtilaclei.'wt Jbo^ld think it Wr 

li)r Ifthi^ quittedfhorc, Ahd' doubled tbexiipe, fhey 
^nMildvrim t)it\ nlk of being iQ0ed' iip aiid:down for 
many ddys together in expeftsitibil o^ a foilrherly! wind 
111 that fummer ieafoii. But J)/difi fearing' tb make a 
dcfccm too near hSs enemics^-ahd being defltdus to land 
St greater diftance, pafled-b^ iW^«i. They : had noK 
failed langi before a- rioleof North wind', drnvfe . them 
f^om'Sicifyk At the fame tin>p prodigious fiorms of 
thunder ahd.'lighthihg burft !fmnxthe clouds, it being 
jabout the tinie of the rifing oi jir3§frtts\ and thdfe were 
attended.withvioieBt rains, and fCkrh tempelbaous wea* 
jther as greatly diftreCed the mariners; who were wholly 
ignorant what; courfe they ran ^ till on a'fudden they 
fpand they wisre driven to Cercinay an iflaad^on the coaft 
of Africa^, craggy, and full of dangerous rocks, where 
they narrowly efcaped facing daihed to pieces ; but la^ 
bouring hard with their pol^, they with much difficulty 
kept clear tiil the ftorm ceafed. Then Hghting by 
chance «oii a ve&l, they underftood they Were at that 
place which is called the : head of the great Syrth. Be- 
ing now again dilheartened by reafon of a fudden calirn 
^nd beaiirig' to and fro without making any way, they 
had a foutherly breeze from the Ihore, when they leafl: 
jcxpefted the wind in' thatiquarter, and fcarce believed 
«he favourable change. The gale cncreafing, and be- 
Igtnning to blow frefe, they fpread all their fails, and 
praying to the Gods^ put out.again to fca, fleering di- 
reftly &>r Sicily from the* coaft of Africa^ and with a 
quick and eafy paflage arrived the fifth day at Minvaj 
jalittte townof &afy, in the pofGrffion of the Carthagi* 
nians^ lof which, Synalus (8), an acquaintance and friend 
iftf Diflfii, • happened at that time to be Governor. He. 
not knawin'g'it to be Disn and his fleet,, endeavoured 
%o hincter his men from landing. But they made their 
r ■ . defcent 

tfjfary to find fbt ibi%Xxxx'ttSXL dM-- at it? Perhaps* thofe fages upon ex- 
fitrf, jind n4i»ib0ugb*wtaU be' aminhg their Tufcan SreQories 
heboid imtb our ^w« eyeifo many 'would from that fiwarm of bees 
/nifarmx of Jlaves. pouring in upon i^dfijife us' to guard agatpfi Jlave-f 
'/^# Roman people pent up dofi in the ry^ &c. 
^j^fifipffip an 'w^U the kafi conQern^ . .. C$) Diodorus calls hip} Paratus. 

(9) ft 

^86 ^'Tbe LdtF'E ^': 

^lfc»b«a^n',^^^MciJtt1& of bis frfehdihi^fb^ thti<G6vii{iib^ : 

aetitgfed-^ith chdh intd^he pii\i&;'tLtaio6k |3d^mefttof 
•3ty^ A^ foon as th^cwo comtaaiktes tnet, tHef ftMid 
'^iiicR-odier > ^&n ^aeftirrcckip theplace again ta^SjMittkr, 

J#?thooc having ddhc any imury to k ; and bpidUs" th- 
^iertMied th^lbldiU^^ and Aip^$edI>/4» with ^ikhc 
' Wanted; They were very iriuch encouraged' by the fec- 

^idental ^en* nof JK<?*jySw at that time-, for he ifas 
;*late!y gone \i^h eighty fail of fliips to Italy: yfhdit- 

- fore, wheaD^*b» perftiaded the -foldiers to rdtefi^ tbcih- 
ftlves therd, after their tedibus and ^ouUeTome ^¥6^^ 
age, they would not be prevkilW iirtth^ ktt biift^w- 

- ficftly defirous to make the beft^fe of that* bf^pdrhinify^ 
urged Dion 10 lead them ^z\^ti&SyfMeufif.'^4^i^\ii^ 
therefore behind theift asmudh^ theirb^gagt; and 
As niany of their arhts as \ii«re thfen of ifk> tife, tb%e<:dt)^ 
'^yeyedto themby^j^Waj upon occafion, they m^ehtd 
'•^ireaiytb^yr^^^^ : ^' "^ ' ' i^-y^ 

' Two hundred horfe ofi the j^rigeittms; whe %$6a6ic 

near Ecwmusi came in and jomed him In *fey niarbh i 

'- and' thefd* were foHowed by the irmabitantsi&fthfc city 

'oFGrfb. ThetiiWs of his •applbaeh foon readfiMg- to 

'^raciife^ Timdcrdtes^ who harf^fi?arried DiWs wife;{4he 

'during his abfen^e,' imniediateiyVlffpatchid acii^uri^to 
' 'J!>mj^us with letters C0iTtaitiing^'accbuht-bf2)«*ifs ar- 

Yrval ; while he hinfrf^f iOhk^t poflible eaw to prfcVttit 
**any commotions 'Of tfumult#attt%lght firifrittth^dfy, 

^her6 all were In great fuf|)$^'biij buehi yet^cMliiAttid 

•dutet, Tearing to. gi^ too moeW ertdit to"WlAt^Vms m- 

♦ sported 

■Who was ftht''with thH lettijrsT for 34<iWg afrfVfed- 

«« i-^rf 

■^ ,bi.;-a oa ^''r.jii J. it.-»in 

^d) It was an a6l of religion part of it from Vim if by chance 
VT^i'l, hfeiK^td carry ^home to his ^Re met WmV^ih it d« the. way. 
''^f&^ff '«fe^ *portk>1l ^r the vie- ^ * (t> S^Jitte^tfTpoa: that cWsword 
"'ifiKtf^wlrfWliW' been .fii<?rifi<*cd, is erroneous, there being w^^ch 
tf Itf HvA Tdi^ anothtr to receive •'pcdjsle ktfowa'ia'*«?^ (ai the 
viT ; • Com* 



!WU^^&i?yf*H'W»5: ti^vflUng througK chet«fritory f^f 
yi'f^^^fKf^ li<M^nji>g t^Dior^us ^tCauhHia^ be mec one. 
r ^r|i'^89!^^«nWBcc> ^ho w^ carryiag hcimc foi^c p«|rt 
^f^^ri{ice.(g>. Tl^c m*n taking apiece of tbejacfli, 
kfHf»IW?rf§4 M bis jpurney^ with all fpc^d: but having 
h$rftV^l*4^Va^d a,g^ partof the night, aiui bch^g^ 
l5HBW5^!fcani^6>^^^^ aUukrcft, he 4^d 

fainn^^f^Q^n in ^ wood near the road* A wolf fccf^* 
jng,^b^ ftcih, catne and feized it aa it was faftened ,fo 
Sh? bag wherein .were the letters dircfted to Di^^i^, ^ 
Md carried away both that and the. fle& together. 
^Thie'tnan s^wa)ciog) and milling his bagi fought for: ic 
i^p andt down a great while, and not finding it, refolved 
;Mt Ciphgp to the King without his letters, but to conceal 
rhimiieif, ^ keep out of the way. Dionffius therefore 
jeartne.tQv hear of the war in Sicily from pther hands, aind 
th^a. good while after. 

,, h%^^o% proceeded in his march^ the CamartTueans 
joined his forces, and many of the territory of Syracu/e 
.revoltiog, came in to him. The Lepniines SLtidCaj^" 
nians ( i ), who, with Timocraies^ guarded the Epipk^^ 
;boog deceived by a falfe report fpread on purpofe by 
Dm^ ^at tie intended firft to attack their cities, Jett 
TimmraSes^ and haied home to take care of their own 
concerns. This news being brought to Dion^ while he 
lay ne^r Aera^^ he d(^:amped by night, and came to the 
fwtT.AnApuSy which il diftant from the city about ten 
furlof^gs ) there be made a halt, and facrificed by the 
rivier, dtre&ing his devotiops to the rifing fun. The 
^;)|]$hr^yers declared, that the Gods promiled him vie- 
,^^)i:and they who were prefent, leeing him afTift at 
4he fa^ri&ce with 4 garkno on his head, all at once 
(QTc^/iegl tbecvfelves with garlands. There were abotuc 
4v(e jjlipufand that joined his forces in their march (z) ; 
wbOf though but ill provided with fuch weapons as 
came next to hahd» yet by their eagernefs and courage 
. . fupplicd 

CampMrnsy h^Dip^ruiSknlui lOon collf £1^ a body ^f twenQr 

^^akfe ,oi*ik^ Camf^am near thoafand n»enx ^n4 that when < he 

. -JEtmiTi )• .■' ! . arrived 9% ^yra^i. the> no^ber 

^ {t) Mfi^rm fays sthat he very wa^ nof le4 ^M} fifty ^QiiCnuj- , 
* * (})the 

mZ y Tie (%. 1 Ft E of; 

ipr^crs to.maFcb, they ran forward with ihouts and ,ac- 
clamatipns^.of jpy> encouraging, each other .to recovejr 
tbpip lil;)eF^c'^. The. j|pc^ C9i[ifideral3le n\cn, and better 
Ibrt oif ,thp citizens of Sy^racM/e^ clad all ip; white, nice 
Itiim a:t tbe^ga^es. The populace fell upon all that were 
piDiony/ms^'spmY^ aijd, prjncipally fearched for thofc 
i:alled Pj(^fagogiday^ov Emi£ariesj a fet of , impious 
wretches abhorred by Gpd^ and men, who made it their 
bufmefs^to go up and. down ^hc city, ^tbrufting them- 
felves into, all companies^ that they might jnform iHo^ 
nn/ius wh^kt men faid, and. how they .ftopd, aflfeclc(j. 
Thcfe.were the firft who fuffeij^d, being kr^Qcksdoq th^ 
head, ky the r^bbje as they, met with them. . , . . 
•, %i^VT^^H'9 "^^ being able ^q join the? gai;n(bn whf^ 
kept the citadel, talcing horfe^ fle4 out of the city, and.ia 
his flight filled the places where he came with fear ant} 
^nfufion, fnagpifying pisnh fqrqps^ left be Ihould Teem 
upon a (light, appfehenfion tOrhave deferted the city. 
JBy this time Dion was ^onie up, and appc;ared ii> the 
fight of the people. He marched firft in a rich fuit of 
armour, having his brother Megacksofi one hand» amj 
6n the pthe^ Cailippusihq^^ij^eman^ both of them crbwned 
fW'ith g^rl^f^ds. lie wa^/oUowed bf a hundred fpreigu 
ibldiers^ wha wejehis guard j^pext to thcfq marched th^ 
xeft of the army in a deceqtprd|r, un4er.tbcf:omma54 
4>( their .refpedjtive officers. ^ . Th% Syraciifans looked 09 
this as a fapfed proqeflipn^ ^nd/^i^uft -trjumphal entry 
of liberjty and popular, gov€|;ttmeiit rcftorcd .to thb city 
y^ 4ifter forty -eight years, bani^"^^^- .:.,.. 

.; He: was .no foone/.,€fnji>Fe(4,tljip^^;»i//^f gate but he 
.^^fe4ithe. trumpets :t9..foviad3f ^in. ord?r, to compofe the 
fupiuU,. andquijet the people., i^s. fooa.;fis .^knce was 
made, .51^ hqrald procjf^Tfnejd,,;/itf/ Di^g 4WMcgack^^^ 
wbi> ware come to aboiyijf t^e tyjcanr^^ deciared the Syracq,- ^ 
4ans and-all ^/i^r Sicilians A? l^, fre^e frgm th^J>jmir of ihf 
^r»»/vr And being defirous to ^addrefs himfelf in a 

' (3)Ti^t-6^<?ff/V/</Bf wcre,.the .But that .dial .ftrved only to de- 

?6rft wjiQ <f>nCriy€d a ijial m the note the folftfccs. Three himdre^d^ 

if}^ Qf Sfjf'Ci' b(|for^ Homey^ uj;oe. jrcars af^er 'Bomth» Fbirecyja made 

•I - one 

D t O N. ^9 

fpeedi to "the people he inarched up through •that part 
of the oty called Achrndina. AH the way as he palied 
along the people oh eich fide of the flteets fet out tKeir 
veflels and tables, prepared their vidims, and as he 
€ameKefofe the doorsTthre^V flbwers upon him, -andof- 
fered up prayers to him as to' their tutelar Deity- 
There >Vas'at the fool of the caftle, and under the 
place z^Xtd^Vehtapjla^ .(i)^ lofty lua-d^al which jD/^-- 
fjyjius had fet up ; from the t9p of that 2^/V;^ niade ait '\ 
oration to\;he people, pferfuadirig them to fhafrntain and 
defend their liberty -,' and they With the ftrohgeft e^cpref- 
fionsof'Joy and gratitude, created'jD/i>«. and jfld^^ 
generals, chufing at their requeft tweht)^ others*of .the 
moft oonfiderable citizens for their collegiies,^ of whieli 
number Tialf confided bf'fuchras had 6eeA'bani!hed bvr 
thje tyrant^ and were now reftored by D/>;/., 

At Urit the foothfayers looked on it aS 1 happy omeri 
thatD/(?»^ whefl he made his bration to the people, ha^ 
tinder his feet, * as a fign of fubjedion, that ftately mo- 
nument whiqh i)/p»jj^/^/ had erefted. feut becaufe i^ 
was a'flin-diai on the which he Hood when he was de-j 
dared General, they expreflTed fome fears j'^ that the gijeat 
aftioqs he had performed might be fubjeift'to decline* 
andad/n^t; a'fudden'charrge of fortune, .. ^^ _ ' 

A^tcT this D/V« taking the caftle or£jp^<?Z^ releafed --^ 
airthe priToners who lay confined there, andfurrounded 
it with a ftrong wall. SeVen days zhtxTuiionyfiui arriveci 
frpm halj^ aha entered the citadel from the Tea. About' 
the lame timt'Dion received .the (iirr|a^^es, with 'th^ 
arms and -ammunition* whicK he had left with Synalus^ 
and dtftr'itlited them knidttg ilie citizens j the reft'thatj 
wanted fiirmSiedthemfelVes'as'wellas they could, and 
exprefled grekt courage "knd' readinefs for * the fervice.' 
•^^'^'$¥^^^^^ %^9^^ at firft privately to pi(?;z, ^o try] 
'what tejms they could make with him. But he declar- 
ing, that what overtures they had to make mu ft be in^" 
publick, xht Syracufans being now free, they then ad-^ 

• . • ,..,'.■.. .:. ; dreiT^ 
one tha^ defcribed the hours, after which the/- became ver/ coiu--* 

moil, • t,. - ' . * • '. r • 

(4) Accord- 


§& ^f7je 1^ I F |E o/^^ 

at)(jitemferybdf ihwrtributes an^ tb«fe,^^«d hift^B^iff- 

^n apprbbatiori and confent.\ ^^Ik SyracuJii^i'Hu^^ 
mtkhtlt offers, and Phn anfWei^d^ T*/»/Dion^fmr^ 
q*^ ttihf* r^ /r^iif/ wlh them upon any (^ther terfnsy ' i^rf/ - M 
yi^kiMgtheg^virihient ; -a'fcV*, $f /5^ ^'i/, he vwnldinbFid?'^ 
^ how neariyhd njoas related t0 bhik^bttt ^wottUttJfi^Bmh 
whate^OiT^as juft^Mni reafotMhle: Diorhfius fccrtife'd tb 
^dhfent to this, and fcnt his agcnys again, definngToirfe 
tl^ t\\t Syracufdns to conrie into' the citadel, andconyifft 
'#ith him for the godd of the puWick; hc-beitig fckdy cb 
malce fuch propofats as he believed they 'cbuJdVntt but 
yietd to, and ho was equally willing to accept thofe 
iwhich they had to offer him.' Some perlbhi.thercfotc 
-W<^tie dciputed^ fuch as D/<?» approved of i; and'^thifettie^ 
rtl report from the citadel wasythatD/V^n^jwoifld vo- 
luntarily ref^n his authority-, and thatht did.k put Sf 
ichoicie rather than compulfion. But this was only a 
.ftratagem,' and criafty device to aTnufc %ht Syfacufans j 
fof he imprifbn^d the deputies that were-feht ^ihhit^ 
lirtd the next morning by day- break, having ^iltribu ted 
^ihe among his mercenaries to encourage them^ heor- 
'd^redthem to Tally out, am^ attack the wall that liad 
been made by Di^», The afl&ult being uniexpcfl:cd, and 
carried on with a great deal of courage and Telbrution 
«by the barbarians, they broke through thework$, and 
,^vith loud fhouts ftil upon the Syratu/ans for furu^ufly, 
vy that they all fled except 7)i^;i*s ft^ign troops, ^hd tak- 
r «ng the alarm, haftened to thtfif itMef; though^ ^^ firft 
they knew not what to do, nor how to employ the' aitl 
they brought, by riafon of the noife and tuniufi: of ;thc 
SyracufofiSy who* in their precipitate flight prefletf in upoh 
thepi, and put their ranks in * dJfcifdt^. ' WherSlbrc 
D/d* perceiving that his orden could* n6t be hWrdiW- 
;ftm6led them by Ms exiftiple^ and tharged ihto-fHe 
thickeft of the etiemy. The fight iiear hlsperfoih ^s 
fierce and bloody j for he being knowri, ai ycTl' BJ^tffe 
«nettoy as his own' party, they rail with great nbiife anti 



i9jfi|0j|i[j[«s;,agpJh^ W9% lu^fit for fwh^MWg^gfrinwWi *fic^ i 

!^?Pjgfi?UrVWWr ap4. awiragehexhaiH^'aU ^o5R$& ^ 

i;ij[^i^i^piqces,f^^al of the ciiesiy. ihat^wkhilppj^ 

^HffU ;)tUi Jhc was.wouiifled in the hmX wich *\ tan« ii iH3 

^^pip^f^.alfQ fcafc^y 1^ ihe blows W roceMjljifi 

tKis^g^fcfightv wd b)8.ihidd being pierced chifi«DJ!i?«pi 

i»^y^,pjaccs. by tbe/<tei¥s ind fpear* tha«-were je^el^ 

^^ai;^toTh> at. length he 4cU ^p^thrgrpuodibwi be mi W-'^ 

,ww^y, refoied^ andvoirmd^off by bis f&idier^ /> J^ 

J^^ tbejf;pininaijd xo^$mcm4es^ and infturiWftg hx^km^ 

^irc^e ia^bput the city, :jraUied cbofe. tbat<Ae4 aod 4P«9^ 

,ni^^u;g.a detachnfient of. the fqreigii^lbldiQrs^ otitf^^f 

\^(^^n^\ whexe. h^ bad .polled t^m ^ tQ guard ^libftt 

jplace^ he brought tbwm i^^ fi'cfh cefcfve i^on cbejene- 

run^y^. whq were tired with the heat of^ the attipn^^ ^nd 

^^]ft.res[dy to give: o?er their defign ; for baviqg bopbs 

,fjt. t|[)f:ir firfl lalley to have retaken che cicy, wbea bo* 

iy^n4 t^heir ^xp^^^^ ^W found fuch a braye^0k 
^.anc^^.tVy retreated iotothe^>caftle«. As foon asi^lvy 

gave^^CQund the.Qfv^^ foldiers preiied hard upontji^erfl* 
•aad purfued tl^em to the very waUs. There werei lolt 

in fhis a&ion feventy^four of Di^n'^and^ai li^e^ \ 

number oftheeAemy* Tbi$ being a figfial vk&- v 

tofy, the ^^.ucufitm rewarded each of the foreign ioJdJfirs A 

^^\xh a hundwlM;^, and the foldi^rs tbemlelvosrpec^ J 

icntcd'iSi^witb avcrc^^ ; > : ^ . 

/h&w^ after fbis there caipe mefl^ngent from Dhnj/iuSt 

brii^ifl[gi>/^if,ije;a;erft from ihe wO)imP9 of his fanf^Uy^ 

tiv^g was<dir9 .one.f^^rferi^^^ /* foV /«- 

f^i^^jl^ipiit} % thisfwasr the nann^ o££)ik?;i's fon^ theugb 

:fri?%fi*^v%Vt-btiWj»%|ro^ hif ^iotber;/fnJ^^> called vin?^ 

/^B*-^* Jbjut^ ibi^k r^^U is rather w be ^t^cn tOL'3f»w*- 

cW^'fti¥W^^ tWhfri^as his fellowrioMier and ffien4. 

i;;'|{qTreftApf thi?.teit€;Tl^ were! opeHed and re^ In the rpre»^ 

fenopt)>f ihfi^^Mcufimi, and contaiiiediipaiiy folJicitatiitjQs^ 

af)d entreaties froin the woaien^ fiutthcrpeopleeutictf 

-reft>eft> to Dion ^woiild n^t allow iha$ f^hif^h* fetjmedrtD 

JCQn}c fmm bis be opened ioipublUcJCc Hovmi^dr 

;Jje igfilicd .ugwifiskbew^/f^ Ii ynewd tQi:beiii»m 

.^ ' Dio- 

T^a . me D I FIE of\ 

^ but ia fad to the Syraciifam v . £09 though it bad the focih 

, of a Kqueft.and .apologyr^ tsras c^iy contriyed a3 

1 an) aocufiition. oiDkn^ ami tended to make him fufpe&ed 

: h;^ fht piopk. He .reminded him oficbe xeal he had 

formerly ftiown for hisigoycrnmcnt ; tethreatncd thc^ 

.."who werrmoil dear to^im^ his. lifter^ bisibn, acidihi3 

-wife; .and then addreifed him with the {moft«ps^(onate 

entceatiesi stod moft abjr^St: laiaseDtattons; . But ahat whiish. 

touched LHon mofty Was;« jtbat^he eaclieftly defired him 

, not %o deilroy. the gbverpmcnt^ but to cakeU' upon hitvi- 

felf, not to give libertyr tto thofe men iwboi always haccxl 

him,' and would never CdrgsD their fovmet rer$ntii)eat$t 

but to.Jiceep the powbr'.in^hia owfi:haial£j/ aodthereby: 

enfure tiae fafety of hJi friends and relhtinm« . : 

.Whi:h:thi&ilettor was- read, • the populace were not (as 

.they bpght in juftixro.taJiavbiKeD) ftruc^ with' admu;a- 

fioa aii^hQinSeidbie'cDnftaBcy and thagiianimity of 

Dionit who withflKiodthis.-tendereft calliL^^f a private, af- 

fe&ioofroma regardito virtue and^.bonour v on the 
jconaatiy they from henoeteok occafion) to fear s^idfur 
/pe£t that he lay under invincible obligations to be £k- 
vourable to Diowyjius^ and therefore began already to 
thinkiof a new Genenai 4 andit.was with peculiar joy thatt 
they j?eceiyied the news of HsracUdes's arrival. This Hsj- 
rac/i(kf;yfi^Qac of dvbfe ^hdm DijBifxJSus bad hanilhed, a 
man of good military talents, and v'ell known by the 
cohAd^table commands he hadibrmddy. under the Kingi 
yet a man of no conftancy or refoludon, but fickle in 
every thing,, and leaft of all lileady. when ihe. had either 
a rival or a coUegueini^my. .honourable :conunand. He 
had a difference formerly with Dion in-Pdofanm/us^ and 
thereupon refolved upon hisjown ftrength^^and with what 
(hips, and foldiers be- hid^ to make war upon Dionji/lus. 
When he arrived at Syrmufe with foven gallies and three 
ihips, he found i^'^iij/Jitf. already dole befieged, and the 
Syracu/Ms elated with their fuccefs. He therefore im^- 
media^^ly endeavoured to ingratiate . himfelf with the 
people; and indeed he had naturally a veary. iniinuating: 
add(ef^>* wd was well qualified toxaptiica$e the /multi- 

tiWi;*Whd I6Ve to Be cotJiPtecr and flattered i AWl'hi 
futbfeed^d the itioi'e eafflj^ in gaining their . affcdSons^ 
tKliicaiifc tlifeV were ofRrtBed at the gravity of Dion^ which 
they tl^bugfit totf'ffijjjiftitlc and haughty for a populaf 
ftatc ; for friccefe h!ad made'them fo preud and infoienti 
that they now recjutred'to be trfcfaterf with^ and ha-* 
rangufed, as a free people, before they had in reality ob- 
tained their freedom. Aflcmbling therefore without* 
any fumnuyns, they chok HeracBdes their Aditriral ; bu6' 
when i[)/«?» came and complained, thatby conferring this ' 
trdft upon Heradides^ they cancelled what they had for^ • 
•merly granted to him, (fincehe was no longer their Ge* 
neral if another had the command of the navy) the/ 
repealed their order, and, though niuch againft their will 
deprived Heratlides of his commiifion. When this bufi-» ' 
nefs was over, Dion invited Heraclides to his houfe^ and 
gave him a gentle reprimand, telling him, chat he did 
not aft well nor prudently, in contending with him Upon 
a punftilio of horiour at a time when the lead falfe ftep* 
might be the ruin of their whole defign. Then calling 
an affembly, he mzde Heraclides Admiral^ and prevailed 
with the citizens to allow him fuch a guard as they had 
before granted to himfelf^. 

Heraclides openly pretended great relpeftforZ)/V^, id-* 
knowledged his obligation to him, and attended hirt irt 
a fubmiffive manner, as ready to receive his commands j 
but underhand he corrupted the populace, and encou- 
raged fuch as were turbulent and mutinous, fo that h6 
involved Dion in perpetual diftilrbances, and created 
him much perplexity and difquiet. For if he advifed 
to permit Dionyfius to leave the citadel and retire irt 
faTecy^ he was cenfured asdcfigning to deliver and pto- 
teft him : if, toavoid giving the people any trouble o^ 
fufpicibn^ he continued the fiege^ they <iricd out* hd 
protraded the war, that he might keep his command 
the longer^ and hold tht citizens in fubjeftion. 

There was one Sofisi^ who was notorious in the dt/ 
for his impudence and Villainy, and who thought that 
the perfeftion of liberty eonflfted in an unbounded irt-«' 
folence andlicentioufnefs df fpeeeh* This fellow pldt* 

Vol* VL C ting 

34 -ne h I FE of 

tiQg' 4^nA Dim^ ftood up one day in the afl^mbly, md^ 
n^^d at the citi^^ees for their folly, in not perceiving 
that they h^d exchanged ^^diffolute and drunken tyrant, 
for a i^uhc^ and crafty n^iafter -, and when he had thus 
epe«Jy prgfeflfed his enmity to Dm^ he departed. The 
jieiQl day h^ wasfeen running naked through the ftreets, 
as if he fkd fiiona foxne that purfued him, his head and, 
fape t^iog cove4^ with l^lood. In this condition he en- 
tered the n^arket-plage;, and told th^ people thai jpim",^ fo- 
r^itgn foldiers had lain in wait for him and afTaulted him,' 
an<i theii fl?owed them th^ wound he had received in his 
head. Moft of thofe pr<;fent (;Qok his part, and exclaimed 
againft thi^tyraj^jny and cruelty, of Z)/^^, who took fycb' 
blopdy methods to flop (he mpuchs of the people. Euc 
though this, wa^ an irregular and tumultuous a0em^y^, > 
DioH^ came to vindicate himfelf, and made it appear^ 
that this<S^ was brother to one of Di^njifius^s guards and 
tha( he was fet on by him to raife a tumult in the ci&y, 
Dioi^us having now noway left for his fecurity, but lo. 
make his adyant^ of their difTenfions and dillradions. 
The cliiruiigeons alio having fearched the wound, found 
that it was only fuperBcial and not made by a violent- 
blow ; for the wounds made with a weapon are moft: 
/commonly deepeft in. the middle, but this was very 
'W flighty, a^d all along of aiii equal depth; befides, it wa$ 
/ not one continued wound, as if cut at once, but iieveral 
/ iaciGons, in ail probability, mad<; at feveral times, as 
/ he was beft able to endure the pain. There were fomp. 
' too who knewhim, who brought a ra^or, and Ihowed 
it openly to the affembJy, declaring, that they met Sdffis, 
running in the ftreec all bloody, and that he told tbemr 
he had narrowly, cifcaped with his life from D/o«'s fol- 
. diers, who had jufl then wouqded him, and were flill 
in purfuitof him ; tliat they haJtening to take the pur- 
fuers^ could me^t with no man, but fpicd this razor ly- 
ing under a hollow flone nea^.the place from which 
>^ they obferved he came. All thefe circumftan^es were 
ftrong againfl ^cjis. But when, to confirm all this, his. 
own.fervants came in and gave evidence, that he wetK. 
out of his own houfe alone before break of day, with a 


taafior in bis hand, i>i00V acctfers fecired, itaid the 
people, by a general vote, condemned Sqfis to die, Md *^ 
•were once again reconciled to i>i<9;i. 

Yet they were flill no lefs jealous of his foldiei'S, Ultdi 
the rather becaufe the war was now carried onprinci- 
^ly by fea, Pbilijlus beirtg come froni Jufygia with a 
great fleet to Dioijfim^ afliftance : th^ fuppofed there- 
fore that there would be np longer need of theGm/d 
foldiers; who were all landmen^ and armed accoidingly^ 
iZxisdi ratbn' in a condition ta be prote&ed by them^ who 
were IkilfuJ feamen, and depended at prefent chiefiy 
upon the ftrength of their (hipping. They grew «ifo 
more haughty from the advant^ they got in an ^^ 
gagement by fea againft Philiftus^ whom they uied in a 
nioft barbarous and cruel maoner. Ephorus relate^ 
that when his fliip was taken he flew himfelf^ But 37* 
wonides^ who from the beginning of the War was with 
iHtmy and attended him during all thefe tranfaftiQhSi 
writing to Spetifippus the philofophcr, relates the flory 
thus ; that Pkili^tts's galley running a^ground, he was 
taken prifoncr alive, and firft difarmedj then ftripped^ ^ 
and expofed naked^ though an old man^ to all forts o^ 
idfult and contumely ; afterward they cut off his headf 
and gave his body to their children, bidding them drag 
it along the Achradina^ and then throw it into the quarry* 
S'inkeus carries the indignity ftill further, andadds^ that 
the boys tied him by his lame leg, and lb drew hint 
bhroi^h the ftreets of the city -, while the Syraca/ans in* 
fnited over his carcafe, feeing him tied by the leg^ whq 
had faid, [twmld Hal kcomeD'xonyiAus tobebehdlden to ihi 
fwiftmfs ^f to fly fr^m his thrdmy but to be dragged 
from theme by the hteU rather than quit it ; though Philifiui 
relates, that this wa^ faid to Dii^trnfius by another* and 
not by himfelf. But ^im^ns takes occafjon, aiid not 
without fome appearance of juftice, from Philiftus'% 
zealous and conftant adherence to thetyt-anny^ to load 
him with the moft virulent reproaches. They indeed 
'.'who were injured by him are inffome meafure excufablei 
if they carried their refentment fo far as to exprefs it in 
indignities to his dead body % but it is diIhonourab4e fdf 

C 1 thofoi 

^ fbe'Ll? E of 

ihofe^fao wrote hfi htftory after bis ^eath, and were 
BdHw.ay wronged by him in his lifetime, but have had 
tbfl a<ft vantage of bis wrickigs, to upbraid him in oppro* 
briQUsand fcurrilous language for thofe calamities which 
fortune fometimes brings even upon the bed of men* 
On the other fi^, Efhorus is as extravagant in theea- 
comiums he beftows on Philiftus ; for though he un^ 
dcrftands very well, how «o difguife bafe and unworthy 
^ionft with fair and plaufible pretences, and is very 
elegant in his manner of writing ; yet with all his arr» 
be can never aciq-uit him of the imputation he lies un* 
dtr of being of all mankind the nH>ft zealous aflerter of 
arbitrary government, and the foodeft admirer of the 
luxury, power, riches and alliance of tyrants. But hfi^ 
that neither praifes the adions of Philiftus^ nor infitdts 
over his misfortunes, ieems to me beft to perform the 
part of an hiftorian. 

. After Philijiius\ death, Dionyjius lent to Dion^ oflfering 
to Jfurrender the citadel, all the arms, provifions, and 
foldicrs, with fuU pay for them for five months, upon 
condition that he might go unmoleAed into Italy^ there 
to continue, and to enjoy the revenues of Gyaia^ a large 
and fruitful traft of land in the territory of&^racuji^ 
reaching from the feafide to the middle of the country. 
DiorfTt}t£itd tbefe propofals, and referred him wholly to 
tbe SyracufanSk They hoping in a ftiort time to takeDw- 
nyjius alive, difmiiled bis ambaiiador^ without audience ; 
upon which, leaving his eldeft fon ApUocraUs to defend 
the. citadel, and putting aboard thofe he loved beft of his 
friends, and the ricbeft of his goods and treafure, he 
took the opportunity of a fair wind, and made his efcapc. 
without being difcovered by Her(idides the AdmiraL 

The citizens loudly exclaimed ^g^inA Heraclides for 
hi^ negleft, and were ready to mutiny againft him ; but 
be, in order to divert and appeafq them^ employed 
Hippo one of their orators to propofe to them an equal 
divifion.of thela^nds, aUedging, that the beginning of 
Xjybberty was equality, .and that poverty and flavery were 
/ infepar^ble compactions. Heraclides fupported him in 
this ;proje(Sb^ and vencouraged t»he fa&ion againft Dion^ 


DION. 3^ 

^^b'vigorodfly oppofcd it At laft he perfiiaded the 
people to pafs this Jaw, and further to decree, that tlie 
pay -of the foreign foldiers fhoiild be ftoppcd, and that 
neW tommanders Ihould be elefted, that they might no 
Ibnger be fubjeA to DioiC^ fevere and imperious difci^ 
pline. The people eagerly defirous to recover at onfci 
from their flavery, which had hung upon them iike a 
tedlbus diftemper, began to exert their freedom uitfeaM 
(bnably and precipitately, thus deftroying whattilef 
endeavoured to fet up, and hating Ditm^ who lU^ 4 
good phyfician, endeavoured to keep the city in health \ 
by a fparing and regular diet. - 

.^ The aflembly therefore being fummoned for \ht eloc* 
ttonof new officers, in the midft of fummer, there h^<* 
pencd all on a fudden terrible thunders, and' other 
dreadful prodigies which continued for fifteen days to- 
gether. Thefe prodigies terrified the people, who Werq 
Seized with a religious fear which hindered them from 
chufing thofe officers. But fome few days after when 
the weather grew more temperate, the orators were iot 
making an advantage of that calm, and proceeding to 
an ele&ion. But they had fcarce begun, when a draught-^ 
©X, though ufed to the croud and noife of the ftreets, 
witho'ut any provocation being enraged againft his dri- 
ver, and breaking his yoke, ran furioufly into the theacr<e 
where they were aflembled, driving out the people be- 
fore him in great diforder : from hence in a wild and 
furious manner, throwing down all that ftood in his 
way, he ran over that part of the city of which the ene- 
mies afterwards made themfelves mafters. But the Sy- 
rdtufans not regarding all this, elected five and twenty 
captains, and among the reft Her^acJides^ and underhand 
tfi^mpered with Dion^% men, promifing, if they would 
defert him, and lift themfelves in their fcrvice, to make 
them citizens c^Syracaifi. But they, rejefting thefe oftcrs, 
with great fidelity and courage took Dion under their 
procei5i:ion, and placing him in the midft of their batta^' 
iiori, marched out of the city, not offering violence tol 
any one, but feverely upbraiding all they met with their 
bafencfs and ingratitude. The citizens who flighted 

C 3 them, 

38 The hlFB of 

them, bccaufe they Were bur few in number, and be- 
caufe they did not firft attack them, fuppofing .they 
might with cafe overpower and cut them all oflF before 
they got out of the city, fell upon them in the rear. 
Here Dion was in a great ftrait, being neccflitated either 
to fight againft his own countrymen, or tamely futfer 
himfelf and his faithful foldiers to be cut in pieces. He 
therefore ufed many entreaties to the Syracufans^ ftretch* 
}ng out his hands to them, and (howlng them the citadel 
which was full of foldiers, and where great numbers of 
the enemy appeared on the' walls to be fpc<ftators of this 
^ftion, But no perfuafions could ftop the impctiaous 
torrent of the multitude, who like waves in a ftorm 
were rouzed and agitated by the feditious breath of their 
(brators. He commanded his men therefore not to at* 
tack them, but only to advance with fhouts and clafh* 
ing of their arms ; which when the Syracufans faw, none 
of them durft ftand their ground, but all fled immedi- 
ately through the ftreets, though no one purfucd them ; 
for Dion immediately retreated with his men, and led 
them into the territories of the Leontines. 

The very women laughed at the new Captains for 
this cowardly retreat ; who to redeem their credit, or- 
dering the citizens to arms, purfued Dion^ and came up 
with him as he was palTing a river. Some of the horfe 
began to (kirmifli ; but when they faw Dicn no longer 
calm and patient, nor difpofed to bear thefe indigni- 
ties with a paternal tendernefs, but with all the figns of 
fury and refcntment drawing up his men and preparing 
for battle, they prefently turned their backs in a more 
cowardly manner than before, and fled to the city, with 
the lofs of fome few of their men. 

Tht Leoniines received Dion very honourably, gave 
ITJoney to his men, and made them free of their city. 
They fent meflTengers to the Syracu/anSj to require them 
to do the foldiers juftice, and give them their pay, but 
they in return, fent other meflTengers to accufe Dion^ 
But when in a full aflfembly of the allies at Lecntium the 
tnatter was heard and debated, the Syracufans appeared 
plainly to be in fault; but they refufed to ftand to the 

. - award 

DION. 39 

award <^ their confederates; Ibr they were beoDnve wan- 
ton and infolent, being free from controul, and having 
. no commanders but fnch as ftood in awe ot the peophe 
and were fervilcly devoted to them. 

About this time Diomfius ient a fleet under the com* 
mand of Nyffftus the NeopaUtati^ with piovifions and pay 
for the garrifon. Ths.&yrucujam fought him^ obtained 
the victory, ami took four of his ihips; but they made 
very ill ufe of their fuccefe ; and for want of good dif- 
cipline, to exprefs their joy, feil to drinking and feaft- 
ing in an extravagant manner, with fo little regard to 
their main concern, that when they thought themfelves 
fure of taking the citadel, they loft the city Itftlf. For 
Nypfius feeing them all in this diforder^ fpending days 
and nights in their revels and debauches^ and their 
commanders well pieafed with this riot, or at lead not 
daring to contradi^ the drunken crew, took advantage 
of this opportunity, made a faliy, and ftormed their 
works, which when he had taken and deftroyed he left 
the city to the mercy of his foldiers, permitting them 
to ufe any violence they would towards all they met, 
- The Syracufans quickly faw their folly artd misfor- 
tune, but could not in the di(lra(9:ion they were in, fo 
foon redrefs it. The foldiers made miferable havock 
in the city, putting the men to the fword, demoliihing 
the fortifications, and dragging the women and children 
with lamentable flirieks and cries into the caftle. The 
commanders gave all for loft, not being able to put the 
citizens, who were confufedly mixed with the enemy^ 
in any tolerable pofture of defence. While they were in 
this condition, and the Achradina in danger of being 
taken, they all turned their thoughts on him who alone 
was- their laft refort ; but none dF them had the courage 
to mention the name of Dion^ fo much were they afhamed 
of the folly and ingratitude of their behaviour towards 
him. But in this urgent ncceflity a voice was heard com* 
ing from fonic of thecitvalry of the allies, crying our^ 
Send for Dion and fe'iPeloponnefians /r^»i /^^ Leontines. 
No fooner bad any one ventured to mention his name, 
and it was heard among the people, but they fi^outed 

C 4 for 

'^ rbe LIF E of 

^Jo^'jon] with tears prayed for his return, thatthejr 
x^^hc.onceag^in fee the head ofthem^ vhofc 
cquifage a.n4 inuepidity in the word of dangers they 
cqujd never fprget; and they remembered not onjy 
Wxa.^ an.undaijtnted fpirit he always fhowedhimrdf^ but 
^p with what courage and confidence* he infpired them 
when he_ led them, agaioft the enemy. They immedi* 
ately therefore difpatched Jrcbanides and ^eUfides from 
t|?£ ^yufciliarieSt and HeUanims with four more from the 
cayal;y \ who: polling with all the fpeed they could 
make,, reached the city of the Leantines in the clofe of 
the evenings . The firfl: thing they did, was to leap 
from their hbrfesj^ and fall at Dkffs feet, with tears re-* 
lating the fad condition the Syracufans were in. Many 
of the Lecntines and Pehfonnefiaus began to throng 
about them, guefling by their fpeed, and the manner cf 
their addrefs, th^t there was fomething extraordinary in 
their^bufmefs. . v 

J^ Dion prefently. called an ailcmbly, and the people be*, 
ing gathered together in a very little time, Arcbonides 
zndUellankm came in among them, and in a few words 
defcxibcd the diftrefs of the Syracufans^ and begged the 
foreign foldiers to forget the injuries they had received, 
^nd afllft that unfortunate people who had fuffered more 
jfor the wrong they had done, than they themfelves who 
received it would (had it been in their power) have in- 
fliifted upon them. When they had made an end, there 
was a profound filence in the theatre. D/fl».th€n ftood 
up, and began to /peak, but a flood of tears (bopt his 
voice. His foldiers were fenfibly afifedted, and defired 
him to moderate his grief, and proceed. When be had 
recovered himfelf a little, he fpoke thus; Pclopannefi- 
/( ans, and (onfedefatesy I have called you here together to con^ 
fuU upon your own affairs^ fince it would ill become me ta 
befit at e^ or confider what is fit for me to do while Syracufe 
is Jinking '9 for if I cannot fave it from deJlruMion^ I will 
kajlen tifiiber^ and be buried in the rnim. of my • zmntry\ 
. ' . \.iut 

p^) According to 7'i&i/fy<ay</w and Archiasy one of the Heraclld^y 
Siraht Sjra(uJ'e was bujlt by who came i\,om Ccriiuh mto^/-s 

DION. 4* 

Htifycu tan refvhe to ^ffift us^ the mtjfl incbnfideraie and i 
mf&rmnaie cfmen^ in 4bis exigency^ you 'will prefeme your .1 
drwn work (4) the city of Syracufc. But if your rtfrnt-^ / 
mint agch^ the Syracufans will not fuffer you to pty and I 
relieve tbem^ may the Gods reward you for your former fide- I 
liiy and kindnefs to Dion ; and remember y that as be did not | 
defer t you when you were injuredy fo neither would be aban- j 
Jon his fellow- citizens in their misfortunes. 

Before he had well ended his fpeecb, the foldicrs with 
a great fhout teftified their readinefs for the fcrvicc, 
bidding him naarch immediately to the relief of thccitjr. 
The Syracufan meffengers embraced them, praying the 
Gods to fhower down bleflings upon Dion and the Pelo-^ 
ponnefians. When the noife was pretty well over, Dion 
gave orders that all Ihould go to their quarters, to pre- 
pare for their march, and having refreQied themfelves, 
come complcatly armed and affemble in the place 
where they now were i for he fefolved to march that 

very night. 

In the mean time, Diottyftus^ foldiers, as long as the 
day continued, ranfacked the city, and did all the mif- 
chief they could 5 but when the night came on, they 
retired into the citadel, having loft a few of their num- 
ber. This fmall refpite reftored courage and confidence 
Ito the fadious demagogues of the city, who flattering 
themfelves that the enemy would reft content with what 
they bad done, perfuaded the people again to pay no re^ 
gard to Dion, and if he came with the foreign foldierSy not to 
admit him\ they advifed them«^/ to yield to tbefe flrangers 
the fuperiority in honour and couragey but tofave their city^ 
and defend their liberties themfelves. The Generals there- 
fore fent new meffengers to Diony to forbid him to ad- 
vance ; but the cavalry and the principal citizens fent 
others to him, todefire him to haften his march. For 
this reafon he flackencd his pace, and came forward but 
flowly. When night came on, the faction that was 
againft him fct a guard upon the gates ot the city, to 
biadcr him from entering. 


ah in the fecond year of the clcveath Oljnitiad. 

4« The LIFE of ' 

Biit Nypfius making another ialiy out of the citadel 
with far greater numbers and more fury than before^ 
<juite. ruined as much of the rampart as was left ftand^ 
iiig, and then began to fack and ravage the city. Tht 
(laughter was now very great, not only of the men> but 
of the women alfo and children 5 for the foMiers did 
not ib much regard the plunder as endeavour to deftroy 
and kill all they met. For Dionyfius defpairing to re* 
gain the kingdom, and mortally hating the Sy'racufstis^ 
determined to bury his loft empire in the ruinS'of th€ 
city. His men, therefore, before Dionh fuccouru 
arrivedj refolved to deftroy the city th€ quickeft way 
by laying it in afhes; accordingly they fet fire to 
what was. near at hand with torches and fire-brands^ 
and to what was more diftant with flaming arrows fhot 
from their bows. The citizens in great diftraftion fled 
every way before them. They who to avoid the fire 
forfook their houfes, were taken in the ftreets, and put 
to the fword : they who betook themfelves for refuge 
into the houfes, were forced out again by the flames. 
Many were burnt, and many killed by the fall of 
the houfes. This frefli misfortune by general confent 
opened the gates for Dion. He had not made any 
extraordinary hafte after he receiv^ed advice that the 
enemies were -retreated into the citadel. But early in 
the morning fome horfemen brought him the news of 
another aflTault \ and foon after fome of thofe who be«- 
forc appofed his coming, fled to him, to entreat him 
to haften to their relief. The fire and defolation en- 
preafing, HeracUdes fent his brother, and after him his 
uncle Theodotes^ to beg him to help them, becaufenow 
they were not able to make any longer ojipofition, he 
himfcif being wounded, and the greateft part of the 
city confumed. 

Dhtt heard this news at about fixty furlongs dif- 
tance from the city. When he had acquainted the 
fplcjiers with the- exigency, and exhorted them, to be- 
have with refolution, the army no longer marched, but 
xan forwards, and by the way were met by many per- 
sons one after another, who begged them to quicken 



DION. 43 

their pace. By the wonderful eagernefs of the foldiers, 
and thdr extraordinary fpeed, Dion quickly canie to 
the city, and encered by the place cittcd Hecafompe^ 
doHy fending his light troops immediately to charge 
the enemy, that upon the fight of them, the Syracu^ 
fans might take courage. In the mean time he dre* 
up his heavy- armed foidiers, and as many of the ci- 
tizens as came in and joined him, dividing them into 
a confidcrable number of fmall bodies of greater depth 
than breadth, that he might terrify the enemy, by at- 
tacking them in feveral quarters at once. He ap- 
peared in the ftreets advancing at the head of his men 
to engage the enemy, and a confufed noife of (houts, 
congratulations, vows and prayers was raifed by the 
Syracufans^ who now called Dion their deliverer, thehr 
tutelar deity, and his foidiers their brethren and fellow- 
citizens. At thrs time there was not one among them 
fo felfilh and fond of life as not to be more folicitous 
for D/Ws fafety than his own, or that of all his fellow- 
citizens put together^ So daringly did he march be- 
• fore them to meet the danger, through blood and fire, 
and over heaps of dead bodies that lay in his way. 

And indeed the pofture of the enemy was in appear- 
ance very terrible ; for they were animated by rage and 
defpair, and had pofted themfelves along the dcmo- 
lifhcd works, which made the approach to them very 
liazardous and difficult. Yet that which difcouraged 
Dion^s men the moft was the apprehenfion they were iti 
of the fire, which made their march very troublefomc 
and painful ; for they were furrounded by the flames 
which were confuming the houfes on all fides of them, 
were obliged to walk upon burning ruins, and through 
clouds of alhes and fmoke, and were every minute in 
danger of being overwhelmed with the fall of walls and 
buildings 5 however they laboured hard to keep clofc 
together, and maintain their ranks. When thcycanrjc 
near to the enemy, only a few could engage at a time, 
by reafon of the narrownefs of the place and the inc*? 
quality of the ground. But at length fighting with 
great bravery, and being encouraged by the fhouts of 


44 ^^ I^ I F t of 

die Syraeufahs they routed Nypftush men who^ tftdft^ <>f 
^cllem efcaped into the citadel, which was nmt a( h^rtd^ 
as many of them as could not get in, were purfued by 
the foldiers as they were fcattered about, and put to^ the 
fvirord. The prefent exigence did not fuflfer the citizens 
to reap the benefit of their conqueft in fuch inutual 
<3angratulations and expreflions of joy as become the 
viftorious ; for now all were bufily employed to fave 
.what houfes were left ftanding, and though they la* 
boured hard all night, it was with great difficulty that 
they extinguiflied the fire. 

The next day not one of the popular haranguers 
durfl: ftay in the city, but all of them, knowing theitl 
own guilt, by their flight confeffed It, and' fccured 
their lives. But Heraclides and Tbeodofes voluntarily 
-furrcndered themfelves to Dim^ acknowledging /^^jf 
^ey had wronged kim^ aiki Pegging be would be kinder to 
Jbem than tb^ bad been to him ; adding, h&w miteb it 
.ie)Oidd be for bis honour^ who was unequalled in every other 
virtue^ to moderate his anger ^ and to pardon the ungrate^ 
fiily who now confejfed that the^ were furpajfed by him in 
"Virtue and courage^ the very things in which they bad con- 
tended with him for the fuptriority . Though they thus 
addrefled themfelves to him, his friends advifed him 
not to pardon fuch turbulent and malicious men, but 
to leave them to the mercy of his foldiers, and utterly 
root out of the commonwealth the ambition of popu- 
larity, a difeafe not lefs outrageous and fatal than 
tyranny itfclf. But Dion endeavoured to pacify them, 
.telling them, T!bat other Generals employed their thoughts 
and defigns chiefly abmt war\ but that he had long 
Jludied in the academjf how to fubdue in bis mind an- 
jl .£^i envy, and emulation ; thaHt is no proof of this viSdry 
to be obliging and kind to our friends and to good men, buf 
to be indulgent and recondleable to: tbofe who hofbe injured 
us\ that he was refolved to Jhow that be did not Jo much, 
excels Heraclides ii^ ability and conduS, as in jujiice^ and 
xlemency^ wherein to have the advantage is to excel ' indeed f 
whereas the honour of victory in nJoar^ faid he, /> never" 
,entir.ei forfor^e will be fure. to claim her J^are^^ though no" 

D^ I O N. , 4f 

mn^pi^emdto rival the tonqU&or. fH^f (/'Heraclides im 
Iferfidms^ maiici^s^ and envtBus^ muft Dion tber^wt fidfy\ 
his^ viffm by a paffianate refentment ? For though the laiws 
determine! jt to bejufter to revenge^ than do an injury \ yei- 
it is ividmty .that both originally proceed from the fame. 
infirmiiy of human nature : the malignity of men, thought 
hard to be fubduedy is not fo ftubborn and invincible ^ but. 
it miay be^ overcome by kindnefs^ and gradually foftened by 
repeoited obligations. Upon chefe confiderations Dion 
pardoned Meraclidts and difmiAcd him. 

And now refolving to repair the wall about the ci« 
tadel, he commanded each of the Syracufans to cut a 
palifado^ and bring tt to the works ; and then dif*. 
mifling ' td^em to refrefli themfelves, and take their 
reft, he employed his own men all night, and by morn**' 
ing had finifhed his line of circumvallacion $ fi> that 
both the. enemy and the citizens next day wondered to 
fee fuch a work compleatcd in fa ftiort a time. 
- As foon as he had buried the dead, and redeemed 
the prifoners who were two thoufand in number, he 
called a publick affembly. There Heraclide^ made a 
motion, that Dion fhouki be declared General at land 
and fea. The nobility approved of this, and defired 
the commonalty to affcnt. But the failors and artifi-' 
cers tumultuoufly oppofed it, being unwilling that He* 
raclfdes {iM\jM be deprived of his command of the 
navy j for though they knew him to be otherwife a 
bad man, yet they believed he would be- more compli-- 
ant with the populace than Dion^ and readier to gra-^ 
tify their inclinations. D/V» therefore fubmitted to 
them in this, and confentcd that Heraclidts fhould con^» 
tinue admiral. But when they b^an to prefs an equal' 
diftribution of lands and eftates, he oppofed it, and re-; 
pealed all the decrees they had formerly made upon 
chat s^ffair, by which he exceedingly difpleafed them. 
Heraclides took his advantage of this ; and being at 
Mefj'ana^ he harangued the foldiers and failors that- were 
with him> accufing Dion of a delign to make himfelf 
abfolute : and at the fame time he held « private cor-' 
r«fpondence-with Diotrffius by meana of iP^iWvjy a Spar- 

I tan. 



46 .^^ LIFE of 

Un, When the nobilisjF of Syf^amfi bad intiffiftttoii of 
ibis, there arQfe a f<silitio<i in thee ^rmy, and in con^ 
iequence of that the city was reduced cq grastf extra* 
mity for want of prQV|(ioAs. Dim now kpev^r ooc what 
<K»urre' to taket being blamed by all his - friends, for 
having ftrengthened againft H^mfelf Aich ad uixtrada^ 
bie, nialicious, a^d perverle man as Ueraclidis^ 
. , Pimrax at this time lay encamped at NiopaiiSj in the 
^rritory, of Jgrigenium. Dion tiierefore drew out the 
Syracufans^ but with an intent not to ei^gage him> till 
iw?,fa*Ta-6t<npportuni!ty, Hwt Heradides ^n^ his fea- 
^en exclaimed ^inlt faim> (aiding, Skai he delayed 
fghfif^ en pwpoje^ th^i he rmglH the .kb^r • continue hk 
t$fnmandi fo that, ovuch againft bis will, he was forced 
CQ an: engagement, arid was beaten. His lofs indeed 
iva$ iMonfiderable, and his defeat was owing tnore (0 
the ^nifumief ftanding in. his 0wn army, than the courage 
of the enemy. He therefore refoived ppon a fecond 
ffig^gement $ and aain^^ling his meO) and encouraging 
ihcn) tp redeem their credit, he drew them up accord* 
ingly* But in- the evening he receivfed. advice, that 
Hir^cliieS' with his Beet was under fail for Syracufe^ hav* 
ing refoived to poffefs himfelf of the ci^y, and (hut him 
QUt.^ Upon t^is intelligence, be made a draught of th^ 
moil forward and determined among the cavalry, and 
fode ajl night with fi^ich ditigence, that he got thithef 
by nine the ne^ct morning atter a march, of iewn huo^ 
dred fiirk^ng^. H^raclides^ though he made all the fail 
he could, yet coming too late, tacked about and ft'Qod 
out ag^i) to fea*. Whijft he was unrefolyed what courfei 
to fteer, he accidentally met Gajylus the SparioH^ who 
tx>Id hinf) that he was fj^nt from Sparta to command in 
chief in Sicily^ as GyUf^us had done formerly. Upon 
/this declaration HeracUdes readily joined with him, and 
boafted of this acquifuion to his allies^ thinking tbac 
be had got a kind of antidote againft Dion's power. 
Hereupon he fent a herald to Syracuje^ ordering theci* 
tizens to receive the Spartan for their General : Dion 
returned anfwtr. That the Syracufans had generals em^u^ 
among them^ and that if it was nece£ary that a Spartan 


D I O N. 

fi0uH c^nmumd ibem^ they n^ided no other than himfilf^ b^ 
having been made a cHizm of Sparta. When G^ylMj^ ^ 
faw he had l^ft his hopes of bi^Hig General, he lan(kd«, 
and reconciled HeracUdes to Dion^ md^iing^HeracUdej^ 
confirm his engagements by the moft folemn oaths, a^4 
undertaking himfelf to punifli.him for his perfidy, if 
he failed In the perfornaance of them. 

The Syratufans then laid up their navy, which wa$ at 
prefenc of little ufe to them, and befide the great ex« 
pence of it, continually furniihed an occafion for dif-* 
fentions between the generals ; at the fame time they; 
continued the ficge, and built another wall round chQ 
citadeU The befieged receiving no fuccours, and tlreir 
provi(ioB« failing, began to mutiny ; fo that the io^ 
of DioiyifiHS being in d^fpair, capitulated with Dion^ Qf^ 
fering co deliver up the citadel with all the . arms aa4 
other provifions, on condition he might have five gal-i 
lies, and be allowed to retire in fafety with his n\o^ 
ther and fitters ; and this being granted hy Dion^ h« 
failed wi(h them to Dimyfius. There was fcarce a nwt 
in the city but went to behold the joyful fight 5 an<i 
they were even angry with thofe who happened to b« 
abient, and could not be witnefles of that happy day^, 
and fee how glorioufly the fun now fhined upon the Sy^ 
racufam^ who were delivered from flavery and oppref- 
fion. This fiight of Ditmyfius. being one of the greateft^ 
and mod remarkableexamples of fortune's inconilancy^j 
that any hiftory mention^, how extraordinary may w^. 
imagine their JQy to be ? and how great their pride, af- 
ter tfaey had fubverted the moft abfolute tyranny thail y\^ 
ever was, ai>d that by means fo flight and inconfider*^ ' 
able ? . . 

When Apdhcrates was under fail, and Dion going t^. 
t^ke poifefiion of the citadel, the women could nor 
ftay till he had entered, but ran to meet him at the^ 
gate. Jkifiomache led DwH fon, and Arete followed after 
weeping, fearful and dubious how to falute or addrefS 
her . hiiiiband, becaufe (he had fo long lived w4th 
another man. Dion firft embraced his fifter, then his 
fon ; after which Arijlomache prefenting Arete to him,. 



4S The hlV "E oj 

faid, Dion, your hamjhment made us alt equalfy mifef* 

Me \ and your return and victory has delivered us allfr$m 

mar forrows^ except ber^ whom /, to my great uubappinefs^ 

Y faw compelled to be another^ s^ while you were yet alive, 

A Fortune has now given you tbejole difpofal of us \ bow will 

\ you determine concerning ber in tbis her diftrefsfuljituation ? 

Or in what relation muft Jbe falute yoUy as her uncle^ or her 

kujhand? This fpcech of A'ijlomache*^ forced tears from 

DtoUf who with great tcndernefs arid aflPedion embraced 

his wife, gave htr his fon, and defired her to retire to 

his own houfe, where he intended to refide. For he 

delivered up the citadel to the Syracufans. 

Though all things now had fucceeded to his wifh, 
yet he refolved not to enjoy any of the advantages of 
his good fortune before he had gratified his friends, 
rewarded his allies, and given his fellow-citizens and 
the foreign foldiers fon>e marks of his favour and 
cfteem 5 his generofity herein exceeding his ability. He 
himfelf was content to live in the moft plain and fru-^ 
al manner ; for which he was univerfally admired* 
or though not only Sicily and Carthage^ but all Greece 
looked upon him as the happieft and greateft of men, 
and as inferior to no general in valour and fuccefs ; yet 
in his garb, his attendance, and table, he feemed as if 
he rather lived with Plato in the academy, than among 
foldiers and officers, who love to fare luxurioufly every 
day, and efteem debauchery and excefs a rieceflary re- 
frelhment after the toils of war and a proper compen- 
fation for the dangers they have pafled. Plato indeed 
wrote to him, that the eyes of all men were now upon' 
Um ; but he fcems to have fixed his eye upon one par- 
ticular place of one city. The Academy^ and to have 
confidered, that thofe who were his fpe6lators and 
judges there regarded not his great actions, his courage, 
or his vidories, but watched to fee how temperately 
and humbly he could bear his profperity, and with 


(5) The place Plutarch has here pQfe democracy tretf mm liires 
in view is in the eighth book of as he pleafes ;.and chat as wojnea. 
Plato % republick, where that phi- and children delight in clothes o( 
lofopher makes it appear that in a all forts of colours^ there are (bm'ei 


-» ^ 

yftrtferation he could behave ia that iMn^iltal^ 
j^nd ^ppy cpnditioQA .Neither did he.remit any thiug 
•of J^s !T^^^Qte4 <:cfcrv.^d«^efs in convcrfatipn, or.auftejp 

behaviour XQXhe^people^ though coadefcenGon and cir 
!iriJicjt.wei:e of^ocflary. for his prefeoc affairs, and though 
J^lat^^^M ne.faid. before, reprimanded, him on this ac^ 
i:QUDC, .Oti^d (QJld hioi that Moroftnefs :was tie tompani^f ^ 
^ fotimi^. But certainly he was naturally an enemy tp 
.coDtpi^i&fipe.v wd befides, he had a defigp ,to refori!^ 
tk'Cijiyr^ciifans^ who fwrere grown very capricious, diffor 
i^te, f nd liccatipusf For . HeracUdis beg^n again tf> 
oppofe him ; and being fent for one day by Pion to the 
council,, be fent word he would not come there,, nor 
iconfult .9ther.wi(e than as a private cicizco, and in f 
pubU(;k aiOembiy* Soon after he impeached Dion^ ber 
cayle he had pot demolilhed the citadel, and becaufe 
JiQ, had. hindered the people from opening Dionji/ius^$ 
t9fnb» an^ throwing out the dead body ; he accufed 
him ajfo for lending to Corinth for counfellors and aft 
iiilant3 in the governmeijit, and thereby peglefting and 
ilighting his fellow- citizens. And indeed he had pret 
yailed ?vith fome Corinthians to come to him, hoping by 
their m^ans and prefence the better to fettle that go* 
yernment, he intended \ for he defigncd to rcftrain the 
unlimited power of the people (which indeed is not ^ V 
government, but (5), as Plat^ calls it, a fliop or ware- ^ « 
houfe of all forts of governments) and to eftablifh a 
cpnftitution upon the L^c^damonUn and Cretan plan^ 
wherei;! there would be a mixture of the regal and po-. 
pylar government, . and Arijiocracy wQuld alv/ays pre- 
vail, and prefide in affairs of the gceatcft importance ^ 
for. he faw. the Corinthians were chiefly governed by the 
nobles^ and that the people were, but little concerned 
in publick bufinefs. And knowing that Hcraclides vfoul^ 
be his moft conOderable adverfary, and that he was al- 
ways a turbulent, fickle, and factious man, he liftened 


lyhp for the fame reafon delight alone all are comprehended. It 
in that fort of government. There is a fort of fair, or publick falc of 
5^ man' may pick out what form governments," ua'trtf tl^ ir«»W«« 
f leafeth him beft, becaufe in that ^»ov »^»x9fc/»tf 9r•^tTft$y• 

Vou VI. D (6)Thk 

^ The L I F E of 

to tte advice of thofe who were for killing hitdi 
thouigh he had formerly prevented them from putting 
that defign in execution. Accordingly they broke 
into his houfe, and murdered him. His death was 
much refented hy the citizens : but when Dim made 
him a fpiendid funeral, followed the dead body ac* 
companied with all his foldiers, and pronounced an 
oration to the people, they were mollified^ and for«- 
^gave him ; for they perceived that it would have been 
impofllble to have kept the city quiet, as long a&^ 
Dion and Heraclides were competitors in the govern- 
Dien had a friend called Callippusy an Athenian^ who^ 
. as Plafo fays, grew familiar with him, not upon the 
/ merit of his learning, but becaufe he was introduced 
by him into fome myfterious ceremonies of their re- 
ligion, and fo contracted an accidental acquaintance* 
This man was all along with him in the army, and 
was highly efteemed by him^ being the (iril of his 
friends w ho marched by his fide into Syrucufe with a 
garland upon his head, and having diftinguifhed him- 
felf by his courage in every adion. He finding that 
Dion^% beft and moft confiderable friends were cut off 
in the war, that Heraclides was now dead, and the 
people without a leader, and that the foldiers had a 
great kindnefs for him, formed a moft villainous and 
deteftable defign of murcjering his friend and benefa£kor^ 
by which he hoped to get the chief command in 5/- 
€tly'y and, fome fay that he was bribed by the enem/ 
with twenty talents to deftroy Dion. For this purpofe 
he engaged feveral of the foldiers in a confpiracy againft 
him ; and his plot was carried on in a moft wicked and 
artful manner. He daily informed Dion of what be 
beard, or pretended to hear the foldiers fay againft 
him ; whereby he gained that credit and confidence,, 
that he was aUowed by Dion to converfe privately wjtli 
whom he would, and talk freely againft him in any 
company, that he might difcover who were his fecrec 
fncmies.« By this means Callippus in a Ihort time af- 
' * -* fcmbled 

fetribled about him ill the fcdttious and dSfcohtented 
people in the city ; and if any one who would not 
be drawn in informed Dion that he had been 'tarn- 

f>ered with, he was not troubled or concerned at it, be« 
ieving that CalUffus did it in compliance with his di« 

While this confpiracy was on foot, a ftrange knd 
dreadful apparition was feto by Dwn. As he was fit^ 
ing one evening V^ry thoughtful in a gallery in hfi 
houfe^ hearing a fudden noife, he turned about, and faw at 
the end of the room (for it was not yet dark) a tall woi- i, 
man, in her countenance and garb like one of the furieS '^ 
as they are reprefented On a theatre, with a brooni 
in her hand fweeping the floor. Being rery much 
amazed and terrified, he fent for ibme of his friends*^ 
and told them what he had feen, entreating thenl 
to ftay with him, and keep htm company all night ; 
for his mind was quite difordered with fear, and 
he apprehended that if he were left alonci the fpec^ 
tre would again appear to him \ but he faw it no 
more. A few days after, his only fon, who was al^ 
moft grown up^ upon fome difpleafure he had taken 
<in a childifli and frivolous occafion, threw bimfeif \ 
headlong from the top of the houfe^ and killed him*- 

While Dion was under this afflidlion, CdSippus ftill 
more and more urged on the confpiracy, and fpread a 
rumour among the SyracufanJfj that Dion being now 
childlefs,, was refblved to fend for Dioryfius'% fon, Apol'- 
locrates^ who was his wife's nephew, and fitter's grand- 
ion, and to make him his heir and fucceilbr. By this 
time, Dion^ and bis wife and fitter began to fufpeft what 
was doing, and were from all hands confirmed in the 
belief of the plot. Dion^ as it is probable, being 
troubled for HtracUdes*^ murder, which was like to be 
a ftain upon, his honour,^ and it dtigrace to the glo^- 
rious actions of his lite, in great anxiety and dif- 
quiet declared, h^bad. raih^.die a tboufand times^ 
and open his bieaii himfel£: to the afTaflin^ than live 

D 2 not 


$2 Tke VIF U of 

; not only in fear of bis enemies, but iii fufpicion of hh 
friends. ; 

Callippus feeing the women very inquifitive into thi* 
affair, and fearing the event, csmt to them, utterly 
denying it with tears in his eyes,, and offering to give 
them whatfoever affurances of his fidelity they defired. 
They required, that he would take what was called the 
Solemn Oatby which was after this manner. The perlbil 
who was to take it went into the temple of Ceres and 

^.Prcferpiw ; after the performance of tome ceremonies, 
he was clad in the purple veftment of the Goddefs, and 
holding a lighted torch in his hand, took his oath. 
Cdlipfus did as they required, and forfwore the fad*. 
But be fhowed fuch contempt for thofe Goddefles, that 
he fiaid till the feftival of Proferpincj by whom he had 
jfworn, and then committed his intended murder, think- 
ing perhaps that the ibkmnity of the day could add lit- 
tle to his guilt, as the Goddefs Would have been in the 
higheft degree offended at his impiety had he murdered 
X)/^« on. any .other day, fincc he himfelt was the perfon 
who initiated him in the facred myderies. 

There were a great many in the confpiracy ; and as 
pien was at home with feveral of bis friends in the 

>jCOoni where he ufed tp entertain them, fbme of the 
confpirators furrounded the houfe without, and others 
&cured the doors and windows* The affaflins were 
ZacynlJbianSy who went in to him in their ordinary ha- 
bit unarmed. They who were wichout Ihut the doors 
and kept all faft. The murderers fell upon him, en- 
deavouring to fiifle him ; but when that could not be 
cffeded, they called fpr a . fword in ordcir to difpatch 
him I but . none durft open the door. There were a 
great maily within with Disn ; but every one fuppofing 
that by giving him up, he fhpuld favc himfelf, no man 
ventured to aflift him. When they had waited a good 
\^hile, at length Lyc^n a Syrafttjan reached a. fliort fword 
' - ra 

,(6) This inaniment was cal* ♦ common people pronounced k 

UiPfitant^ ini|eadof V^hicJi.thc. Catwu, t^ wkich CaUiffus aK 

. . ^ Indcd 

DION. 53 

3n at the window to one of the Zacyntbians^ who imme- 
diately ftabbcd Z)/fl», who like a viAim at the altan-^ 
was already ftuaaed and in a manner fenfelefs. 

. After this they confined his filler and wife, who was 
then big with child. This unhappy woman fell in 
labour in the prifon, and was delivered of a fon, whom • 
they both undertook to preierve, having, firft gained 
the confent of the guards, which was not difficult, be- 
caufe Caltippus began already to find iiimielf much 
cmbj^ria^d and diftreiled.. 

At &X& aitict the murder of Dionj he was in a very 
fplendid ficuation, and had the fole government of ^- 
racufe in his hands. Nay, he prefumed to write even • 
to the Aibenians^ whom moft of all he ought to hiave 
dreaded next to the immortal Gods, polluted as he was 
with fo black a murder. But it has been truly ob- 
ferved of that city, Thai the good menjht breeds are tbe 
moft excellent y and tbe bad tbe moft de/ferately wicked ; as 
tie foil of Attica produces tbe moft delicious boney^ and 
tbe mojl deadly poifon. CalUppus did not long continue 
to hiring a reproach on Fortune and the Gods for fuf- 
fering a man to obtain riches and power by fuch enor- 
mous crimes, but quickly received the puniftiment he 
dcfcrved. For going to take Catana^ he loft Syracufe ; 
whereupon they report he faid. He bad kji a city^ and ^ 
got a (6) cbeefe-grater. Then attempting Meffana Jie 
had moft of his inen cut off, and among the reft» 
Dion^i murderers. When no city in Sicily would ad- 
mit him,t but All hated and rejefted him, he went into 
Italy^ zvA took Rhegium \ where being neceftitous, and 
not able to maintain his foldiers, he was killed by Lep^ 
tines and Polypercbon^ and (as it happened) with the"^ 
fame fword with which Dion had been aflaffinated ; for 
it was known by the fize, being but Ihort, as the Spar* 
Jan f words commonly are, «nd by the workman (hip 
which was very curious and elegant. Thus Callippus 
received the reward of his villanies. 


luded on this occafioiu 

D 3 (j) I«y 

14 71&? L I F E flf D I N. 

When Jrifioma^b^ and A'ete were releafed out of prU 
^^ IceUs^ one of i)/V]y*s friends, took cfietn to his houfe, 
and for a while entertained them with great tendernefs 
^d fidelity. Afte^rw^rds, however, being perfuaded by 
pm^s enemies, he provided a (hip, and pretended to 
^ud them into Pelopannefus^ but commanded the failors, 
when they c^me out to fea, to kill them, and throw 
jhem over boarij* Others fay, that they and the infant 
jvcre thrown alive into the fea. This man alfo efcaped 
not the due recompence of his wickcdnefs; for he was 
(aken by TimoIeoH and put to death ; and the Syracufans^ 
to revenge DioHj flew his two daughters ; of which I 



Vk». \).-4h. U.. ' .."}... ' L . ' V- ^L .. ^^K\.:., UJ.. ' ..Ju.L^U.v .. ■ . .u^,^, , .' 

■ ■ ' .Jf 


I K 

[ Sf ] 


MARCUS Si2yri7Swasdefccnded from that 
Junius Brutus^ to whom the ancient Remans 
creded a ftame of brafs in the capitol, among 
the images of their kings, with a drawn fword in his 
hand, in remembrance of his courage and refoludon in 
expelling the Tarquins. But that ancient Brutus was of 
a. fevere and indexible nature, (like Iteel of too hard a 
Hemper) and not at all foftened by ftudy or education t 
nay he fufiered himfelf to be lb far tranfported by bis 
enmity to tyrants, that for confpiring with them, he put 
to death even his own fons. But this Brutus whole life 
we now write, having to the goodnefsofhis difpofition 
joined the improvements of learning and philmophy* 
and having to his natural fedatenefs and genttenefs added 
that vigour and a£tivity which is the eScft of conftanC 
D 4 applica* 

56 7X^ L I F E ^ 

application to p.ublick bufinefs, fecms to have been of a 
temper exactly framed for virtue 5 infomuch that they 

• who were moft his enemies, upon the account of his con- 
fpiracy againft Cafar^ if in that whole affair there was 
^ny honourable or generous aftion doile, refer it wholly 
to Brutus J and lay whatever was odious and cruel to the 
(qhargc ofCaJJiuSy Brutus*^ relation and friend, ^but not 
^t all like him in fimplicity and integrity of manners. 
His mother Servilia was of the family of Servilius Ahala^ 
who, when Spurius Melius had excited the people to a 
fedition, and dcfigned to have made himfelt King, tak- 
ing a^dagger under his arm, went into iheForumy and 
|ipon pretence of having fonje private bufinefs v/ith him, 
(r^came up doVc to him, and as he bent his head to 
he^r what he had to fay, ftabbed him with his dagger, 
'This account of his defcent by the mother's fide, isuni- 
verially allowed; but $s for his father's family, they 

^who for iC'^r's murder bore any hatred or ill-will to 
Brutus {2) will not allow his defeent from that Brutus 
who expelled the TarqUins^ there being none of his race 
left, after the execution of his two fons ; but they fay 
|hat he was a Pkbeiatiy defccnded from one Brutus ^ fome 
great rpan*s.fteward,ar7d of jime^n family," which but 
V6ry lately was raifed ro any office or dignity in the 

V commonwealth. But Vofiionitis the philpfopher writes, 

\ that it is true indeed what hiftory relates, that two of 

, the fons of 5rK/«^, who were grown up, wjsre put to 

death, but that a third, yet an infant, was left alive, 

from whom the family was propagated down to Marcus 

Brutus \ and further, that there were feveral famous 

Tons of this hbufe in- his time, and-of his own ac- 

MquaintanOe, whofe countenances very much refembled 

the ftat^je oijunim iBr^tus. But of this fubjeft enojugh. 

C(tto the philofopher-was brother to Servilia^ the mo- 

^ ther of Brutus^ and he it was whom of- all the Romans 

^i6 n€phe^v mod admired^ s^nd -ftudied no ipiitate ; ^nd 

"^ . - he 

^i)'Lfvy rrfalee this hiftory af- who was at that timt General of 

.^cr ^ inpfc pipbs^.lp nmoQ<?r« lib* the.horfe, (lew M^liui by order 

Jv. fe£t. ^4. And \ye are aiTured pf the Didator ^intiut Oneinfu^ 

^y foaip Jiii):orjan$ tji^jt ^frW/»/, (4if This happened near' four 

' .'v ' * ' hundre4 

. urui 
^ perfc 

M A R C U S B R U T U S, 57 

he afterwards married his daughter Parcia. Of all the 
fefts of the Greek philofophers, though'there was none of 
which he had not been a hearer, and in whofe dodrines 
he had not made fome proficiency, yet he chiefly ^ 
efteemed xhzPlatoiiifts. He had no great opinion either 
of the new, or middle academy, but applied himfclf^ 
wholly to the ftudy of the ahcient. For this reafon he 
was all his lifetime a great admirer oi AntiocbuSy of the 
cxty oi Afcalon^ and took his brother /4ir(^(7» into his own 
Jioufe for his friend and companion, a man inferior in- 
deed in learning to many of the philofophcrs, but in «a 
prudence, modefty, and fweetncfs of temper, equal to ' 
the beft. As for EmpyluSy whom he himfelf and his 
friends often mention in their epiftles, as one who lived 
witixBrufuSj he was an orator, and has left behind him • 
*a fliort but well written hiftory of the death of Cefar, 
intitled Brutus. 

In Latin he was a good fpeaker, and had attained fuch -^ 
a degree of (kill in it, that he acquitted himfelf well ' 
both in haranguing his foldiers, and in pleading caufes* 
\t\Greek he was remarkable for affecting the fententious 
and fhort Laconick way of fpeaking -, which appears 
from fome paffages in his epiftles ; as when in the be- 
ginning pf t;he war he wrote thus to the Pergamemans ; / 
hear you have given Dolabella money ; if you gave it will- 
ingly ^ you muji own you have injured me ; if unwillingly^ 
Jhow it by giving willingly to me. And another time to 
the Samians : Tour deliberations are hajiy^ your oElionsJhw ; 
what think ye will be the end ? And of iht Patareans he 
writes thus: 7i&^ Xanthians, rejeffingmy kindnefsy have 
made their country their gr^ve in the frenzy of their defpair\ 
/i^tf Patareans, confiding inme^ have loji nothing of their for- ^ 
mer liberty \ it is in your option to imitate the prudence of 
the Patareans, or to fuffer the fate of the Xan^hians. And 
this is the ftyle wherein his molt remarkable letters 
were ufurally written. 


Jiundred years before the murder ny it out of any prejadice againft 

' ofCafar, Brutusy^ but upon the authority of 

(2) Of this number is Dionyfius the moll accurate hillorians. Vid* 

of Halkarnnjfusy who does npt d^ lij?. v. 

^ (3)Thi» 

58 ne LIFE of 

When he was but a very young man, he accompa^ 
filed his uncle Cafo to Cyprus^ whUher he wasfent againft 
Ptoler^. But a^ foon sisptoletny had killed himfelf, 
Cafo being detained by fome neceiSary bufinefs in the ifle 
0f Rhodes J fent one of his friends nsLtntd CaniniuSj to 
take caj-© of the King's treafure j but afterwards fufpeft- 
ing his fidelity^ he wrote to Brutus to fail immediately 
to Cyprus^ out oi Pamphylia^ where he then flayed to re- 
cruit his ftrength after a fit of ficknefs. He obeyed his 
orders, but with great reluAance, both from refped to 
' Caninius^ who was thrown out of this employment by 
Cato with fo much difgrace, and becaufe he efteemed 

I, fuch a commiflion too mean for him, and not at all be- 
coming a young man addidted to learning* Neverthe- 
lefs, he executed it^ with fuch care and diligence, that 
he was highly commended by Qa$o\ and having turned 
all the goods of Ptolemy into ready money,, he brought 
the greateft part of it with him to Rome. 

When the ftate was divided into two fadions, when 
Ppmpey and Cafar had taken up arms againft each other, 

I gnd the whole empire was in confufion,, it was gene* 
/C rally believed that Brutus would have taken C^/ar^s fide^ 

/ for his father not long before had been put to death by 
Pmpey. 3ut he thinking it his duty to prefer ihe in- 
tereft of the publick before his own private refentments, 
}ind judgipgP^»ai/(y*s to be the better caufe* took part 

)with him ; though fprnierly he ufed not fo much as to 
falute or take ?ny notice of P^i»/^, if he happened to 
meet him, efteecning it a great crime to have the leaft 
ponverfatioa with the n^urjderer of his father. But now 
looking ^pon him as the head of the <:ommonwea}tht 
He lifted himfelf under his command, and iet fail for Si- 
(ifyj in quality of lieutenant to Sfftiusj who had the ga- 
vemtnent of that ifland- ^^t fipdifig no opportunity 


^ (3) This paflionwasno fecret» liad been confifcated, and ha4 

forone day C^rmadeherapre' been put up by him to publick 

' fent of a p,earl which coit him fale. When everyone was fur- 
near 50,000/5 and during the prized to fee at how cheap a 
^ivil wars he afligned to her for. a pice it was bought hySer^ilia^ 
^iHe a cpnfiderable eftate, wh^cb Cicero faicl^ Cornelius fmUum/ci* 



there of fignalizing himfelf in any great afHon, and* 
hearing that Pompey and Cafar were encamped near one 
another, and were preparing for that battle upon which 
the whole empire depended, he came of his own accord 
to Macedonia to partake in the danger. At his comings 
it is faid, that Pompey was fo furprized and pleafed, that * 
rifing from bis chair, in the fight of all his guards, he "^ 
faluted and embraced him, treating him with as much 
refpeft as if he had been his fuperior. All the time that 
he was in the camp, excepting that which he fpent in 
Pompef% company, he employed in reading and in ftudy, 
which he did not negledt even the day before the battle 
oiPbarfalia. It was the middle of fummer, the heat 
was very great, the camp fuftained many ipconvenien- 
cies by being pitched in a marfhy ground, and they 
who carried Brufus^s tent had ftayed a long while before 
.th?y came. Yet though upon all thefe accounts he was 
extremely haraffed, and out of order, he forbore anoint* 
ing himfelf till towards the middle of the day i and hav* 
'ing eaten very fparingly, while the reft were afleep, or 
taken up with the thoughts of to-morrow's a6tion, he 1 
fpent his whole time till the evening in writing an cpi- / 
tome of Polykius. 

It is faid, that C^r had fo great a regard for him, 
that he ordered his commanders by no means to kill 
Brutus in the battle^ but to fpare him, if poflible, and 
bring him fafe to him, if he would willingly furrender 
himfelf J but if he made any refiftance, to fuffer him tQ 
cfcape, rather than to do him any violence. And this hp 
fs believed to have done out of tendernefs to Serviliay the 
piother oi Bruius. (3) ForC^far had, it feems, in hia 
youth, been very intimate with her, and fhe had been 
paffionately in love. with him. And confidering that 
Brulus was born about that time, in which their love 
was at the bigheft, Cafar had foipe feafop to believe that 


4ifis^ tertia deduS^ eft. Thatyqu her daughter T<fr/i/i, that 5i her 

piay hone a better vfimon of the third. There is ^Ifo a lling in 

purchafe^ you are to knoio that the the word didu^a^ yyhicb \% ap» 

'third is deduSied\ for it was faid pJicd to p?"OCttrers. 

f bat ServiUa yielded up to Cafar 


6o ne LI F'E; of 

» • 

.he was begot by him. It is faid that when fome very 

,imp6rtant affairs relating to the confpiracy of C?////»^, 

which had like to have been the deftrudion of thecom- 

monwealth, were debating in the fenate, Cato and Ca^ 

far^ who were of oppofite fides in the debate, happened 

to fit near, each other. In the midft of their bufinefs a 

, litde note was delivered lodefar from without, which 

he took and read filently to himfelf. Upon this Cato 

cried out aloud, and accufed Cafar of receiving mejfages 

and letters from the ene,mies of the commonwealth. This 

'raifed a great difturbance in the fenate ; wherefore Cafar 

•delivered the note, as he had received it, to Cato^ who 

Reading it, found it to be a lewd letter from his own 

Yifter Serviliay and threw it back again to C<efar^ with 

thefe words, ^ake it^ you fot\ and then went on with 

the pubUck bufinefs. So notorious was ServiM% love 

f C^efar. 

After the overthrow at Pharfalia^ when Pompey had 
fled towards the fea, and C^efar^s army was ftorming the 
camp, Brutus efcaped privately out of one of the gates, 
to a marfhy place full of water, and covered with reeds ; 
from whence venturing out in the night, he got fafe to 
Larijfa. From LariJ/a he wrote to C^ar, who expreffed 
a great deal of joy to hear that he was fafe, and having 
feptfor him, not only forgave him freely, but kept him 
with him, and honoured him as highly as any of his 
friends. When no body could give any certain account 
which way Pompey had taken his flight, defar walked 
for fome time alone with Brutus^ to try to find out what 
was his opinion ; and after fome converfation finding 
his conjeftUres mod probable, he came entirely into his 
fentiments, and bent his rnarch towards Mgypt. But 
Pompey y who had indeed taken that very courfe, as 
Brutus had conjeftured, having reached Mgypt^ was 
there murdered. , 
BrutHs had fo riiuch power with C<efar^ that he recon- 

' (4) . It does not appear in any of King Deiotarus. And this 
Author tfhat Brutus ever pleaded gave occafion to that cxpreffioa 
for the King of i^/V^?. Put it is of C<:efdr concerning Brufus, 
certain that he pileatbd in defence which Pktarch mentions in the 


* / 


-died him to his friend Cajftus ; and when he fpoke likewifc 
in behalf of the King oi Africa (4), though many heavy 
accufations were brought againft him, yet by the force 
of his entreaties, he preferved to him a great part of his 
kingdom. It is faid that at his firft opening of the 
caufe C^far faid to his friends, / know not whai this young ^ 
man intends^ but whatever he intends^ he intends it vehe- ' 
mently. For his fteady mind, which was not eafily 
moved by entreaties, but was a<5tuaced by reafon, and 
the principles of honour and virtue, which way foever it 
turned itfelf, moved with great vigour and impetuofity, 
and generally effefted its defigns. No flattery could 
ever prevail with him to liften to unjuft petitions ; and 
he reckoned, that to be overcome by the frontlefs im- 
portunities of fuitors, though fome call it modefty and 
tendernefs of difpofition, Wa^ the fouled difgrace a great 
man could fufFer. And he ufed to fay, ^bat be fufpeSled^ 
that they who could deny nothings • bad not very bonejlly em* 
ployed the flower of their youth. 

defar being about to make an expedition into Africa 
againft C«/c and 5«/>/#, committed lol^rutusxk^t govern- 
ment of Gallia Cifalfina^ to the great happinefs of that 
province. For while thofe of other provinces were ex- 
pofcd to the violence and avarice of their governors, 
and fufFered as much opprefl^on, as if they had been 
flaves and captives, Brutus behaved in fuch a manner to. j 
thofe under his government, that he made them amends 
for all their former calamities, though he gave the whole 
praife to C^efar % infomuch that it was a moft welcome 
and pleafant fpeftacle to Cafar^ when in his return he 
pafled through Italy^ to fee the cities that were under. 
Brutus*^ command, and Brutus himfelf ftudious to do 
him honour, and moft obligingly attending him in his 

Several praetorfliips being vacant, it was all mens opi- 
nion, that that of the chief dignity, which is called the 

prastor- ' 

next fentence^ It follows there* is a flip of his memory, as has 
fore that either this paflfage in been obferved by ViSiortus^ and 
Plutarch is corrupted, or that it Cr^feriut^ » . * 

(5) Thii, 

hi ^ L I F^^ ^ ■ ' 

praetorlhip of thfe fcity, would be conferred either tipM 

. BruiusovCqffius\ and foriie fay, that rhere having beeii 

/ feme little difference between them upoa fame former 

bccafion, this icompetition/et them much more at vari- 

. ance, though they were allied, Caffius having married 

\ Junta the After of 5r«//^i. Others fay, that this cont;en* 

tion was raifed between them by Cafar\ means, who 

had privately given each df them fuch hopes of his far 

vouring their preterifions, as made them break out into 

this open competition. Brutus had only the deputation 

of his honour and virtue to oppofe to the many gallant 

adlions performerd hy Caffius againft the Partbians. But 

Cafar having heard each fide, and deliberating aboqc 

V the matter, among his friends, faid, Caflius indeed pleads 

/( with mojljujiicey bui Brutus mufi hav^ the firfi ffatorjhipk 

Therefore another prastorfliip was given %oGnff%us\ but 

he was not fo much obliged by obtaining this) as he wa9 

incfenfed for the lofs of the other. And in all other 

things 5r«/«x partook of C^r*s power as much ^s he 

defired ; for he might, if he had pleaiedi been thechie£ 

of all his friends, and have bad more adtbdrity than any 

of them; hyxt Cajjius^t party drew him off fromC^r, 

£tnd fixed him in their inte^eft; Indeed he was not yec 

wholly reconciled to Caffius^ fince that competition which 

had been between them ; but yet he gave ear to Caffms^^ 

friends, who Were perpetually advifing him not tofuffer. 

Xhimfelfto hefoftened andfoothed by Caefar, but to Jhun the 
civilities and favours of a tyrant^ wbich^ they faid, Caefar; 
fi>owed him^ not out of refpe£l to his virtue^ but to unbend 
hisjlren^thj andjlacken his fpirit and refolution* Neither 
was CJjar wholly without fufpicion of him, nor were 
there wanting perfons who continually accufed Brutus to 

; him ; but though he feared indeed the high fpirit, the 
great authority, and the many friends that he had, he 
thought himfelf fecure in his honefty sfnd virtue* When 
it was told him firft, that Antony znd Dolabella were me- 
ditating fome dangerous enterprize, // is not^ faid he, 

X the fat and thejleek men that IJear^ hut the pale and the ; 

\ kan ; meaning Brutus and Cajftus. Afterwards when 
ibme accufed Brutus to him, and advifed him to beware 



MARCOS fi R y T tr S. 63 

of bim, layii^ his hand upon his breaft, he faid, fVhaif J /ti^ 
doyoutbifJc that Brutus wi// wot wait out tie time of this I 
Mtlebodyf As if he thought none fit to fucceed him in ' 
fo great power but only Brutus* And indeed it ieems 
certain, that jBrir#«i might have been the Brftman in 
the commonwealth, if he could have had patience but a -^ . 
little time to be fecond to C^efar ; and if he would have 
fuflfered his power infenfibly to decay after it was come 
to its htgheft pitch, and the fame of his great aftions to 
wither and die away by degrees. ^uiCaffius^ a man of . 
a fierce difpoficion, and oose who out of private malic^^ y^ 
rather than love of die pubiick, hated C^fari not the 
tyrant, continually inflamed him .and urged him on. 
And indeed it was faid, 7]&ii/ Brutus could not endure the // 
imperial ftmer^ but Caffius bated the Emperor. Caffius 
pretended to have received many injuries from C^r; 
Among other things he complained of his having taken 
his lions which he had procured when he was nominated 
lor £dile, and which he bad fent to Megara ; for Cafaf 
finding them there when that city was taken by CalanuSi 
kept them for his own ufe. It is faid that thefc lions 
proved very fatal to xsit Megarians \ for. the moment 
the city was taken, they broke open their dens, pulled 
off their chains, and let them loofe, that they miglvc 
put a ftop to the impetuofity of the enemy, who wei© 
then entering the city ^ but they, infteadof falling upoct 
the enemy turned upon the inhabitants them&lves, Wtid 
as they fled up and down unarmed tore great numbers of 
them to pieces, fo that their very enemies could not be* 
hold fo miferable a fpe&acle without horror and compaf* 
ik>n. This, Tome fay, was thechief provocation thatflirred 
up Caffius to confpire againfl Cafar ; but they are muck- 
in the wrong. For Caffius had from his youth a natu* 
ral hatred and rancour againft the whoie race of cyrants,^ 
which he fhowed when he was but a boy,, and went to 
t;he fame fchool with Fauftus^ the fon oiSylla j for whea 
Faufius was boafting amongft the boys, and extolling the 
unlimited authority of his father, Caffius rofe up, and 
ftruckhim two or three blows on the face; which wheif 
the tutors and relations of Fauftus defigned to enquirisr 


64 .: ne LIP B ^ / y^ 

incoi 6hd t6 prbfecutc, Pompey. forbad fhentr addftrtd- 
ing for hcfthr the boys tt)gefheFi cxatrjiued -ihte matttr 
liimfelfi And Crjius then is reponed eo bav6 faid^ 
Cffm€ en, Fauftus, /peakf if thou dor eft, hefore ikis man 
ihafe words that provoked me, that J may ftrike 4hee^ ogaiu 
as I did before. Such was tbc^difpofition of Qn^mr. 
> £ut Brutus, by many perfuafions of his iamiiiar 
friends, and by many e^prefiions that were dropped^ 
/and many letters that were written by unknown citi*** 
/ zens, was rouzed up and animated .to this undertakings 
/ JBor under the ftatue of his- atKcftor Brutus, who over-* 
I threw the kingly governmcDt, they wrote thefe words, 
I O that %ve bad a Brutus runx>\ and^-O that Brutus vstn 
/. nlive ! and Brutus's own tribUnai, on which he fat a$ 
/ Prastor, was filled each morning with fuchjinfcriptions 
as thefe, Tou are ajleep, Brucus ; and Tou^are mtatrui 
I Brutus- Now the flatterers of. Cafer were the occafion 
/ of all this, for among other invidious hoaoucs which 
they contrived for him, they crowned his ftaWes by 
» pight, with a dcfign to induce the people to f$Iute.him 
Kitig in&ezd tf Di£latcr. But the contrary, eflfeft- hap- 
pened, as I liave more particularly ihown in the life 
of Cafar. 

. When Cajfms foUicited his friends to engage in, this 
defign againft C^far, all readily confcnted upon condi- 
tion that BrMtus would be heaa of the confpiracy*. For 
their opinion was, that for this enterprize they wanted 
not hands or refolution, but the reputation and autho- 
rity of a man, fuch as he was, to prefide at this facri- 
fice, and by his pre fence juftify the undertaking. They 
finagined that without him they fhould go about, this: 
a6iion with lefs fpirit, and ihould lie under greater 
Aifpicions when they had done it ; becaufe they knew 
^11 the world would think, that if the adion w^re juft 
and honourable, Brutus would not have refuf^ to en-^ 
gage in it. 

C^Jfius having Gonfidered thefe things with himfelf, 
went to Brutus, and made him the firft vifit after their 
qua;rrel ; and when the compliments of reconciliation 
vcrc Qver, he -aiked him, If be dejigned to be $refept at 
c^ • . 5 ' tbe_ 



the fenati on the calends of Murch, for it was reportedi 
he faid, that CsefarV friends intended then to move that be 
might be made King. When Brutus arifwered, that he 
would not be there^ Caffius replied^ But what if theyjbould 
fend for us f It is my bufinefs then^ faid Brutus^ not to 
hold my\peace^ butflrenuoufy to oppofe itj and die before 
I fee the ruin of our liberty. Caffius encouraged by thid 
anfwer, faid, But whdt Roman will fuffer you to die ? 
Whaty do you not know your f elf ^ Brutus? Ori do yim think 
that thofe infcriptions that you find upon your tribunali 
were put there by weavers and viSuallerSy and not by the 
firfi and moji powerful men of Ronie ? From other Pra- 
tors indeed they expefl largeffis^ andfhows^ arid gladiators \ 
but from you they claim^ as an hereditary debty the extirpa- 
tion of tyranny \ they are all ready to fuffer any thing on 
your account, if you will , but Jbow yourfelf fuch as they 
think you are, and expe£l you Jhould be. Having faid this 
he embraced Brutus ^ and being thus thoroughly recon- 
ciled^ they parted, and each went to his own friends. 

Among thofc of Pompey\ faction there was one ^in^ ^ 
tus Ligarius^ whom C<efar had pardoned, though ac-> 
cufed of having been in arms againft him. This man^ 
not feeling fo much gratitude for having been for-^ 
given, as indignation againft that power which made 
him need a pardon, hated Cafar, but was one of BrU'^ 
tus\ mod intimate friends* Brutus vificing him one 
day, and finding him fick^ Ligarius^ fays he^ what 
a time is this to be Jick ? At which words Ligarius 7 
railing himfelf, and leaning on his elbow, took Bru^ I 
tus by the hand, and faid, Buty O Brutus, if you are on 
any defign worthy of your f elf , I am well. From this time 
they tried the inclinations of all their acquaintance 
whom they could truft, and communicated the fecrct 
to them, and took alfo into the confpiracy not only 
their familiar friends, but as many as they believed 
bold and brave, and defpifers of death* For which 
reafon they concealed the plot from Cicero, though they ^ 
entirely con&ded in hvm, and exceedingly loved him» I 
left to his own -difpofition, which was nat>iraUy timo-* 
rous, adding the ^arinels and caution of old. age, and 

Vol, VI. E weighs 

66 na Li ttJ(^ ' 

vreigWing e^ery particular, that he miglit niS^t flldkd 
one ftcp without the grcatcft fccurity, he fh^isid" bluiit 
the edge of their lefolutionj in a bufinefi whith'fe-* 
qmred all the difpatch imaginable.- ^ • 

' 't'here were alfo two others, who were coiUpainiohs 
SfBtutus^ St4tiUus the Epicurean^ and Favonms a foW 
lower of Cato^ whom he left out of the confpiracy, for 
this ifeafon : as he was difcourfing one day with them 
ki a diftant manner, and propofmg fome quefttbns to 
be drfputed of as among philofophers, to try what opi- 
. tiionibey wtrt of, Favonins declared his judgment to be, 
> that a civil war was worfe than the mod: unjuft tyranny i^ 
and StatiUus held, that to bring himfelf into troubles 
' and danger, upon the account of wicked and fooUih 
nien, did not become a man who bad anywiidom or 
difcretioif. But Labeo, who was prefent, ^contradicted 
them both % and Brutus, as if it had been an intricate 
difpute, and difficult to be decided, held his peace for 
that time ; but he afterwards difcovcred the whole de- 
fign to Laheo i ^ho readily joined in it. They then 
thought proper to gain the other Brum, furnan^ed At^ 
binu^, a man of no great bravely or refolution, but cda- 
iiderable for the number of gladiators which he bried 
lip for the publiek ftows, and the great confide nce 
C>/ir^£Utj^^ When Cafftus zxioLabeo difcourfed 
^vltlT him ccncerning this matter, he gave them no 
anfwer : but meeting Brutus himfelf alone, and finding 
that he was their leader, he readily contented to partake 
in the a^ion ; and the very name of Brutus brought 
many others, and thofe of the beft quality, o¥er to the 
confpirators ; who, though they took no_ ^ath offe*- 
crecy, nor oftd any other facred rite, to aiTure their fi^ 
delity to each other, yet conduced the whole defign 
with fuch privacy, caution, and filence, that though 
by prophefies, by worrferful apparitions and prodigies^ 
and by the en trails of vi^ims, the Gods gave> warn- 
ing of the confpiracy, yet could rt not be believed. 
• ^ Now firi^/Mr confid^ring that the grcateft men^f all 
Jr Ri^me for virtue, birth, or courage, depended wholly 
^ ' ppon him, and porWIering in his mind all the dangers 

5 they 



jkbfijr were to encounter^ ftrove as much as pofiibk^ / 
when abroad^ to keep his, iioeafinefs to himklfj and f 
^Qompoie his unquiet thoughts ; but at home^ and efpe- « [ 
cially at night« he was no| the fame man } fometkpes 
his working, care vs^uldmake him (tart out of hisfleep; 
and at other times he was fo immerfed in thought^ and 
fo perplexed in his mind, that his wife» who lay by 
hiWi could not but take notice that he was full of un- 
- ufual tfouble^ and had fome dangerous and difficult 
affair in agitation^ Porcta^ as was faid before^ was 
. the daughter oiCaioy and Brutes ^ her coufin^germaui 
, had married her very young, though fhe was a widow, 
>a»d had a* fon yarned Bibulus after his father ; and there 
is a little, book of his (till, extant called, The Memoirs of 
Brutus. ' This ,Poma being addicted to philofophy^ 
having, a great affediioa for her huiband, and being a 
. woman ef extraordinary courage and prudence^ refol ved 
liot ;.to enquire into Bruiush fecrets, before Ihe had 
^ ttnacU this trial of her patience and refolution. She 
turned all her attendants out of her chamber, and uk- 
in^ a Jittle knife^ fuch as they ufe to cut nails with, (he ^ 
gave, herfclf a deep gafh in the thigh, upon which fol- / 
lowed a' gteat effuAon of blood, and foqn after vio- 
. lent pains, and a dangerous fever, occafioned by the 
.. anguifh of the ^ound. Brutus being extremely affli^fted 
# for her, ihe in the height of all her pain fpoke thus to 
hirii^i /* Brutus, king the daughter cf Cato, was given -( 
tayau in marriagi^ not like a concubine^ to partake only of 
'.your bedmd tabUy but to bear a part. in all your good and 
, ■ill f Off time i T^u indeed have never given me an^ reafqn 
to^ repent of wy marriage \ but from me ^ what evidence 
^f nfy kme.^ wiat> . return . can you receive^ if / may not 
Jhm:e voitb you in your mafi hidden grief Sy nor be admitted 
to any of your cwnfels that require fecrecy and fidelity ? I 
hfsm^iha^y women feem t^ be of too weak^ a nature to be 
trufied with ferrets ; but certainly ^ Brutus, a virtuous edu-^ 
catim, and con^erfation with the good and honourable^ are of 
fmejfrte tot the forming our manners^ and flrengthning our 
. natural, iveaknefs ; and I can boaft that I am the daughter 
. ^rOaCQ^i^W tbs v.ife c/ Brutus. Tei in tbefe titles I 

£ 2 would 

68 ^ra^ L I F IB ef ' ^ : 

wouU not place an abfdute cBtifidencey^ I hdve iiefift^t 

' tried n^/elfy andfind^ that even againft pain Ufilf I am 
invincible: When (he had faid this, fhe Ihowcd hi^ 
tier wound, and related to him the whole trial th^t 
fliehad made of her own conftancy : at which, being 

^ itftonilhed, he lifted up his hands to heaven, knd be^ed 
the ajjiftance of the Gods in bis enierprize, ibaf be might 

! /how bimfeifa bujband wortfy offucb a wife as Porcia* 
j He then took all proper care to cure her wound * , 
I and reftore her health. 

A meeting of the fenate being appointed, at which 
it was generally believed that Cj?/ir would be prefent, 
the confpirators agreed to make ufe of that opportu- 
nity ; for then they might appear all together without 

' fufpicion : and befides they had hopes that all the moft 
confiderable men in the commonwealth, who would be 
: then aflembled, as foon as the deed was done, would 
immediately appear for them, and aflcrt the common 
liberty. The very place too where the fenate was to 
meet, feemed to be, by divine appointment, favourable 
to their purpofe : it was a portico adjoining to the thea- 

. trey where there was a hall furniflied with feats, in 
which ftobd a ftatue of Pompey^ erefted to him by the 
^ * commonwealth, when he adorned that part of the city 
with the porticos and the theatre. To this place the 
fenate was fummoned on the ides of March '^ fo that 
fome God feemed to them to bring C^far thither, to 
reveng^ upon him the death of Pompey. 
y^ When the day was come, Brutus taking with him a 
dagger, which none but his wife knew of, went Abroad. 
The reft met together 2x€ajftus^s houfe, and conducted 
his fon, who was that day to put on the Manly Gown, 
as it was caIled,-into thcForum \ and frorti thence going 
all to Pompeyh porch, they waited there till Cafar came 
to the fenate. Here it was chiefly that any one who 
had known what they had purp6fed, would have ad- 
mited the unconcerned temper, and the fteady refolu- 
tioriofthefe men, in fo dangerous an undertaking; 
for many of them being Praetors, and by their offiee 
obliged to judge and determine caufes, heard all who 




M A R € tr 9 -BR Ur us. 09 

miMe any application to themr or. had any fuic depends ^ 
ikig. before theni» not only with calmnefsi as if they" / 
ff^tt free front all other thoughtsi* but with the clofeft; / 
attention-, and decided with the greateft accuracy and j 
judgment. And when a certain perfon refufed to ftand 
lio the award of j9r«/i/x, and with great clamour and 
man/ proteftations appealed to Ci^r, Brutus looking, 
round upon thofe who were prefent, faid, Casfar don 
Jr nof hinder me^ nor Jhall be binder me^ front aSing actr 
' cording to the laws. Yet there were many accidents 
thac difturbed them. The firft and chief was, the 
long flay of defur^ though the day was far foent, ha 
being detained at home by his wife, and forbidden 
by the foothfayers to go abroad becaufe of fome de&ft 
that appeared in his facrifice. Another was this ; a man 
came up to Cafca^ one- of the confpirators, and taking 
him by the hand. Ton concealed^ faid he, the Jeer et from -H 
me^ hH Brutus bos told me dL At which words whea ' 
Cafca was furprized, the other faid laughing, Horn com^. 
y0U to be Jb rich of a fudden as to fiand for tbe iEdile-^ 
fl|ip^ So near was Cafea to difcovering the fecret^ be-^ 
ing deceived by the ambiguity of the other's difcourie. 
Then Popilius Ltenay a fenator, having faloced Brutus 
fnd Caffius very obligingly, whifpered them fofdy^ ^^ 
and rfaidj , Mjf wifioes are mtb you^ tbat you may ac^ i 
eon^plifb wbat. you defign \ and I advife you to make nih 
d^a^for tbetbing is now no fecret. This faid, he wenc 
away, and left them in a great confternation, fufpe<5i:r 
ing (hat the defign had taken vent. In the.n)ean while 
there came one running from Brutu/s houfe, and brought 
kim news . that his wife was dying. For Porcia being 
extremely .difturbed with expedation of this event, and 
pot ^blc t/o tbear her anxiety, could fcarce keep her- -| 
ielf within vdoors^ J and at evdry little noife or voice fhc 
heard, leaping forth, and ftarcing fuddenly, like one 
of the m^. pricflefles oi BaccbuSy fhe affcsd every onq 
that came from t;he Forum^ What Brutus was doing ? and 
conrinuftUy font one meflenger after another to enquire^ 
At lafl, after- long expectation, the ftrcngth of her .body 

E 3 coiiid 

. r\ 

yo '755^ LIFE of ' ' ' 

could hold out no longer 5 but overcome by the i^^ 
tation of her thou^hts^ fhe fainted away.- She had 
pot time to betake herfelf to her chamber, for as Iho 
/was fitting in the middle of the houfe, her fpirics 
/I fuddenly failed,- her colour changed, and flie Ibu: her 
fenfes and xfpeech. At this fight her women Ihrieked 
out, and rtifiy of the neighbours running to Bru-^ 
/«j's houfe j tb^ know what was the matter, a report 
was foon fpread:^ abroad that Porcia was dead; but 
ihe recoveried in a little while, and her attendants took 
prdper care of her. ^ When Brutus received this news, 
Jie was extremely trcrabled, nor without reafon ; yet 
was he not fo poflfefft?^ by his private grief, as to 
liegleft the publick concern : for now news wai 
jbrought that Cdfar was coming, carried in. a litter i 
for being difcooraged by the ill omens that attended* 
his facriBces, he had determined not to undertake any 
affairs of importance that day, but to defer them tilt 
another time, pretending that he was fick. As foon as 
he came out of the Ktter, Poplins L^na^ he who but a 
jlittlo before had wifiied Brutus good fuccefs in his un^ 
idertaking, coming up to him, difcourfed a great while 
with him, dejar ftanding ftill all the while, and feem^ 
ing to be very attentive. The confpirators not being, 
able to hear what he faid, but guefling, in confequence 
of the fufpicion which they had of Liena^ that this 
conference was the difcovery of .their defign, were 
ilrangefy dejefted^ and looking upon one another, agreed 
from" each I other's countenances, that they Ihould not 
ftay to b€f' taken, but ihould all kill themfelves. And 
now when Cajftus and fome others were laying theiri 
hands upod thqir daggers under their robes, and were 
drawing them put, Brutus viewing narrowly the looks 
and gclture of L^rn^ and finding that he was earneflrly 
petitioning, and not accufing, -faid nothing, becauiigr 
y there were many ftrangers to the confpiracy mingled 
^ amongft them, but with a chearful countenance en-* 
(cour^ged Cajftus. Atid after a Irttle while L^na hzv^ 
fog kifled Qefi^f^s h^nd. wefit ^vyay,^ ih6wing plainly^ 



M A R C U S, B' R U T U S, 71 

tlf^t f R ^U djfcouHe was about fome particular bud- 

ncfe relating to h ip/elf. . * ' ' 

The fenate being gone in before to the place where 
they were to fit, fome of the conspirators got clbfe to 
Cfjar^s chair, pretending they had fome fuit to make 
to ,him;^ and Cqffius turning his face to Pomp^*s flatue^ 
is fkid to have invoked it, as i( it had been fenfibld ^ 
Qf l^s prayers. Trebonius in the mean. while drew An* ^ 
tony tovfsirds the door, and kept him in talk without 
the court. C^/ar now entered, and the whole fcniate 
rofe up to him.^ As foon as he was fat down, ihtf 
^1 crouded round about him, and fet Tullius Cimber^ 
one of their ovyn number, to intercede in behalf of his 
brother who was baniflijed ; they all joined their pray- 
ers with his, and took C^far by the hand, and kiflcd 
his head and his breaft. But he at firft rejeftiAg their 
fupplications, and afterwards, when he faw they would 
not dcfift, violently rifing up, Tullus^ with both hands, 
took hold of his robe, and puHed it off from his 
Ihoulders, and Ca/caj who ftood behind him, draw- 
ing his dagger, gave hipi the firft, though but a 
flight wound, near the Ihoulder. Cafar prelently 
caught hold of the handle of the dagger, and cried, 
put aloud in Laiin^ Thau villainy Cafca, what doft thou 
mean ? And Cafca in the mean time called to his bro- 
ther in Greeky bidding him come and help him, C^far 
now being wounded by a great many hands, and look- 
ing round about him to fee if there was any way to 
cfcape, as foon as ever he fpied fyiitus with his dagger 
drawn againft him let go Cdfca^^ hand, ^hd cover- 
ing his head with his robe,, gave up his body to their 
fwprds. They fo eagerly prefled about him^ and fo 
many weapons were aimed at him at once, that the 
confpirators cut one another y Bfutus particularly, as 
he was endeavouring to have his fhare in the (laugh- 
ter, received a woynd in his hand, and all of theni 
were befmeared with blood. 

C^far being thus flain,; Brutus ftepped forth' into the 
middle of the fenate-houfe, intending ton?ake afpieech, 
;ind called back the fenators, and encouraged them to 

E4 ^ ftayj 

72 fk hi F E Y' 

flay ; -but they were all frighted, and fan away in greiat 
(diforder, and there was a great confulion aiid throng 
libout the door, though none purfued or fdiowed ; for 
the confpiritors had firmly refolded to kill no body be- 
fide Cajarj but to invite all the xeft to liberty. It was 
indeed the opinion of aU the others, when they conful^ed 
about the execution of their defign, that it was neccffary 
|o cMt oS Antony withC^r, looking upon him as an 
infolent man, a favourer' of monarchy, and one who 
had gained a powerful intereft by his converfation and* 
acquaintance in the . army. And this they urged the 
rather, becaufe at that time, to the natural ambition, 
and haughtinefs of bis temper, there was added the dig- 
nity of being Conful and the collegue oiCafar, But 
Brutus oppofed this advice, infilling firft.upon the in- 
juftice of it, and afterwards giving them hopes that An- 
tony might be induced to change his meafures. For be 
did not think it improbable, that now Ci^r was taken 
ofF^ fo honourable a man and fuch a lover of glory as 
Antony, being inflamed with a noble emulation by their 
attempt, wpuld lay hold of thisoccafion to be joint re- 
ftorer with them of the liberty of his country. Thus 
Brutus faved Antofrja^s life ; but he in the general con- 
Iternation put' hinifelf into a Plebeian habit and fled. 
Brutus 2Sidi his party betook thcmfelves to the capitol, 
and in their way ihowing their hands all bloody, and 
^heir naked fwords,' proclaimed liberty to the people. 
AVfirli all places were filled with lamentation; and thQ 
wild runhing to andfro,'.occafioned by thefudden fur- 
prize and paflion that every one was in, made a great 
tumiilt In the city. But no other perfon being killed, 
nor any afts of yiolen.ce committed, the fenators and 
many of the people took coiirage, and went up to the 
conspirators in the capitol. Brutus made an oration to 
them very popular, and fuitable to the prefent ftate of 
affairs. Therefore when they applauded his fpeech, and 
cried put i6 him to come down, the cpnfpirators took 
couraee^ and dcfcerided into tht Forum i the r^ft were 
jpromifcuoufly mingled with one another; but many of 
the moflt ciiiintnt quality attended 5i:/^/«^ condiudcd 



M A R C U S B R U It U S. f^ 

him hi the midft of them with great honour from thd 
capitol, and placed him in xki^RcJirmn. At the fight 
of Brums; thte people, thx)ugh they were a confufed dif- 
orderly rabble, and ati difpofed to make jl tumult, were 
ftruck with reverence, and waited to hear what he would 
fay, Vrith great modefty and filence 5 and when he be* 
gan to fpeak, they liftened to him with all imaginable 
attention. But it appeared foon after that they were not 
at all pleafed at the adion ; for when Cinfta began tp' 
fpeak, and accufe C^faty they broke out into a fudden 
rage, ^nd railed at him in fuch opprobrious language, 
that the confpirators thought fit again to withdraw tdV 
the capitol ; and Brutus expefting to be befieged, dif- > 
mifl&d the moft eminent of thofe who had accompanied 
them thither, not thinking it juft that they who were- 
not partakers of the faftlhould Mre in the danger. But 
the next day the fenate b^ing affembled in the temple of » 
TelluSj and Antony and Plancus and Cirero having made ^ 
orations, to perfuade the people to forget what was pafl:, 
and to be mutually reconciled, it was decreed, that the 
confpirators fhoutd not only br pardoned, but that thCc 
Coniuls fhould determine what honours and dignitiest 
were proper to be conferred upon them. When this* 
was done, the fenate broke up j and Antony having felit 
his fon as an hoftage to the capitol, Brutus knd his ac- 
complices came down, and mutual falutations and civi- 
lities paffed between them. Antony invited Caffius to \ 
fupper, Lepidus did the fame to Brutus^ and the reft '' 
were invited and treated by others who were their ac- 
quaintance and friends. 

As foon as it was day, the fenate aflembled again, 
and ordered thanks to Antofr^^ for having ftifled the be- 
ginning of a civil war. Afterwards \Sr«/^j and his aflb- 
ciates received likewife the thanks of the fenate, and 
had provinces diftributed among them. Crete was al- 
lotted to Brutus; Africa to Cajfius^ Afia to Trebonius^ Bi- 
ihynia to Cimber J and to tht oihtv Brutus that part of 
Gaul which ties about the Po. 

After thefe things they begin to con fider of C^yirV Jy 
will, and the orderibg of his funeral. Aiifdny defired' 


74 ^^^ h I F.E of^ ; 

that xht willxnight beread^ and that ^hebody might opt 
b^ye a private or djibonourable intern;ient, left chat ihould 
further exafpcrate the people. This Cqfflus violently opr 
pofed,. huiBruHus yielded to it* in which he fcenjs fo, 
have committed a fecond fault. JPor as he was to bhmQ 
before in fparing the life oi Antony y and in prefervii^.^ 
perfon who was fo violent and formidable an enemy to 
the Qpnfpiratorsi fo now in fuflFering him. to have the 
management of the funeral, he fell into a total and ir-* 
recoverable, error. For firft, it.appearing by the will, 
that C^efdr had bequeathed to every Roman citizen feven- 
Cy-6ve drachmas, and given to the people his gardens 
beyond the T'ibtt (where now the temple of Fortune 
fiends) the.whole city felt a.wonderfulafFedion for him* 
and a paflionate regret for the lofs of him. And after-, 
w^rds^ when the body was .brought into the Forum^ An-^ 
tpny^ as the cuftpm was, made a funeral oration in 

Exukoi Cafar \ an4 finding the multitude moved with, 
isfpeech, tp llir them up yet further to compalfion*, 
he unfolded the bloody garment of Cafar^ ihowed them, 
in, how many pla,ces it was pierced, and expo feci to their 
view the number of his wounds. Upon this all was in 
confu/ion \ fotne cried out to kill the murderers, others 
(as. was formerly done in the cafe oiClodius that fediti-^ 
ous demagogue) feized the benches and tables from the 
ihpps round about, and heaping them all together, raifed 
a gre^jt funeral pile, and. having put the body of C^far. 
uppn it, fet it on fire. The place wherein this was done^ 
was furrounded with, a great many temples and other 
confecrated buildings, fo that they feemed to burn thq 
body in a kiqd of facred folemnity. As foon as the fire 
flamed out, the multitude flocking in, fome from onfi 
part, and fome from another, fnatched the brands thai; 
were half burnt out of the pikj and ran about the city 
to fire thehoufes of the confpirators. But thciy havii^ 
beforehand well forpQe^ tjitemfelyes, efcaped the dan- 
ger. . , •. . ...•..../':,, 

There was a certain poet, called G/^»^, not, at, all 
concerned in fhe confpii^cy, but on the contrary pncqf 
C^/<?r'§ friends* This.m^a dreamed that be^w.^s, i^ 


M A R CU & BR U T U S. ys 

lilted td lapp'drbry C^r, and that he rcfufed to g6, but 
that the Emperor entreated, and preflcd him to it very 
dartieftlyi and atlaft taking him by the hand led him 
into i 'very deep and dark place, whither he was forced* 
a^ainfthis^ill to follow; in great confternation and 
iti^ztmint After thi^ vifion he had a fever the moft 
part of the night*, neverthelcfs in the morning hearing 
that the body 'of Gsr/ir was to be Carried forth to be in- 
terred," he Was afhamed not to be prefent at iht folem- 
nity ; he therefore came abroad, and mingled with the 
people after they had been thu^ enraged by the fpeech of 
jdntony. The murltitude perceiving him, and taking him 
not for th^ Cima that indeed he wa^, but for him who a 
Kttle before in a fpeech to the people had inveighed againft 
Cafar^ fell upon him and tore him to pieces. This aftion 
mbre than .any thing, except the alteration in Antonf% 
condu6t, alarmed Brutus and his party, fo that for their 
faftiy they retired from the city, and went to Antium^ 
i^hcrfe they ftaid for fomc time, with a defign to return 
again ds foonas the fury of the people had fpent itfelf 
and was abated^ which they expedtcd would foon hap- 
pen, confidering the inconftant nature of the multitude, 
which is apt to be carried aWay- with fuch fodden and 
impetubus gufts of paflion, efpecially fince they had 
the fenate fo favourable to them : for though the fenate 
took no notice of thofe who had torn Cinna to pieces, 
yet they ftriftly fearched for and apprehended thofe 
who had aflauited the houfesof the confpiratord. By 
this time alfo the people began to be diffatisfied 
^\i\i Antojpy^ who they perceived was fetting up a kind 
of monarchy for himfclf; and they longed for the re- 
turn of Brutus^ whofe prefence they hoped for at the 
games, and fpedacles, which he, as Prsetor^ was to 
exhibit to the publick. But he having intelligence that 
many of the old fddrers who had born arms under C^- 
far^ by whom they had had lands and colonies given 
them, lay in wait for him, ^d by fmall parties at a 
time bad ftolen 'into the city, would not venture to come 
himfelf/ * However in his abfence, there were moft 
piagnificeht*and softly fhows exhibited to the people 5 


76 7& L I F E ef % : 

for having bought up a great number of all ibrfis 6i 
"Wild heafts, he ordered (hat not any of them ihogld be 
given away, or faved» but that they fhould be all ufed' 
in thofe fpedtacles. He went in perfon as far as Naples^ 
to procure a confiderable number of comedians ; and 
hearing of one Canufius who was very much admired 
for his a£tion upon the ftage^ he wrote to his friends^ to 
ufe all their entreaties to bring him to ]^(miey for being 
a Grecian^ he thought thajt he ought npt to be compel- 
led; he wrote alfo to Cicero^ begging him hyt\o meanai 
to omit being prefent at the pubhck ihowsa 

This Was the pofture of affairs, when another alterati-^ 

. on happened by Oiiavius^s arrival at* ^ie was fon 

■/\ to the fifter of C^far^ who adopted him, and left hin^ 

^ heir by his will. At the time when d?/ir was kiHed, be 

was following his ftudies at Apolknia^ where iie ftaid^^H 

pe6ting to meet Cafar,, when he was going on the expedi^ 

^jion he had defigned againft the Parthiam. But hearrf 

ing of his death he immediately canoe to R/ime ; and ior 

ingratiate himfelf with the people, caking upon himfel^ 

the^name oiCaJar^ and punt^ually diftri bating among; 

the citizens the money that had been left them by the 

t^ill, he foon got the better of yiii/^^y; and by his lar**. 

geffes, which he liberally difperfed amongft the foldiers, 

he gathered together and brbught over to his party, a 

great number of thofe who had ferved under Cafar. 

Cicero himfelf out of the hatred which he bore to yhtopy^ 

hd^d yfith O&avius ', vfhich Brutus took fo ill, that he 

^ upbraided him very (harply in his letters, telling him, 

j i'baf be perceived Cicero could well enough endure a tyrant^ 

/ iut was afraid that he who hated him fhould he the man ^ 

that in waiting and /peaking fo well ^/06fcavijus, hefhtiwd 

that his qnly airn was^ to enjoy an eafy fk'^ery :. but our 

forefather S:^ faid Brutus^ could. not brook even gentle mafters^ 

He; added further, That for his own part he- bad not as 

yet fully refolvedj whether he fhould make war ^ reptain i» 

peace •, but thaiin^^nepgint hjewas abfolutdy dst^mPtedy-ne^ 

ver t^k^ aflave\ that be wofidered Cictro fiould fear the 

danger of a civil, war i and not bs MUfb'fnore afrakd ef i 

dtfbonoHrable and infampus pea^ey an^Jbat kejb$dd.d^^ 



M oAit re^arifw d^reying the tyram/tf ^/Antony, than 
to ntake Odavius tie tyranf. Such was the fpiric ofBru* 
tus's firft letters. 

The city ixing now divided into two fadions, fome 
betaking them^lves to C^/ar, and others to Antoftf^ and 
Che foldiers felling themfelves, as it were, by audion^ 
and going over to him who would give them mofl:^ 
Brutu^ began to defpair of any good event, aAd reiblv<fc 
ing to leave Itafy^ palled by land through Lutania^ and 
came to EUa which is ficuated on the fea-fide. Porcia 
being to return from thence to Rdme^ endeavoured to 
conceal the grief that opprefied her; but in fpite of ail 
her refolution and magnanimity, a pifbure which (he 
found there accidentally betrayed it. The fubjeft of ^it 
was the parting of Tif^^ znA Andromache 'y he was re- 
prefented delivering his young fon JJiyanax into hef 
arms, and Andromache fixing her eyes upon him. As 
iban as ihe faw this piece, the refemblance it bore to her 
own diftrefs made her burft into tears ; and feveral times 
a day ihe walked where that pifture hung, to gaze at it, 
and weep before it. Upon this occafion, when Acilius^ 
one of Brutus* s friends, repeated out of //i7»/^r thele 
verfes, wherein Andromache fays, 

Tet while my Heftor Jlill furvives^ I fee 

,My father^ mother^ bretbrcHy all in thee. Pope. 

Brutus replied with a fmile, But I muft not an/werPor^ 
cia, as Hedor did Andromache, 

haften to thy tajks at home^ 

■ ^here guide the fpindlcy and direSl the loom. Pope. 

For though the natural weaknefs of her body hinders her from 
offing ^hat only the ^rength of men can perform^ yetfhe has -H 
a mind as valiant^ and as aStivefor the good of her country ^ 
I us we have. This ftory is in the memoirs of Brutus ^ i, 
written by Bibulus^ the fon of Porcia. '* y 

Bruturtook (hip there, and failed to Athens \ where 
he was received by the people with great kindnefs, 
Whkh they expreiicd by their loud acclamations, and by 
die publick honours which were decreed him.- .He 


78 Tie LH F E lof^ : 

>liv«d there with>a particular friend^ and was a CjQiYjIabf 

^auditor of TJbeomnefois the academick, aold CmUppus ilie 

rperipatetick, with whom he was fo engaged in.pblloiiii- 

phical eonverftttons, that he feoEQed to have kud iafide 

!iaU thoughts of publick bufinefs^ and to baire devoti^d 

.bimfelf entirely to ftudy« But all this while Jpeioguti* 

.fufpeded he was fecretly making preparation for wm.; 

in order to which he fent Hersftratus intx} Maudma^r^ 

..bring over the commanders that were th^re to his fide; 

; and he himfelf by his kindnels gained the afl[e&ions .of 

all the young Romans who were then (hidents at A$httlf. 

Of this number v/a&Ci€ero*s Ton, whom he highly ex* 

' tolled, and faid, that whether Jleeping or wakings he 0mfJ 

)ynoi but admire a young man of fa great a fpirU^ aMdfmb',d 

^ hater of tyrants. 

At length he began to aft openly; ahd -being in- 
formed, that fome Roman ihips laden with money were 
coming from Afiay and that they were comnKiodcd 
by one of his friends, who was a good, mais^ he west 
. and met him ucslt Caryfius^ a city oi Eubesa* There 
. entering into a conference with him, he requefied him 
to deliver up the (hips to him, and made him a very 
fplendid entertainment ; for it happened tobe^n^^ig's 
birth-day. As they were drinking and making liba- 
tions for vidbory to Brutus^ and liberty to Rome^ Bru^ 
SuSj to animate them the more^ called for a largef bowl. 
r While he was holding it in his hand, he wi^^ho^t any 
apparent occafion pronounced aloud this verier . . > 

Fate tf;;J Apollo jom*d to work my fall, (^) 

Some hiftofians write, that in the lafl: battle < which he 
fought at Philippic the word that h^ gave %isy che.firidiers 
.^nzuApollo^ and from-, thence conclude, &bac« this *«xcla« 
Biation.was a prelage of his defelt* . . 

/infi/iimi th^ commandei; of thefe jhips, gawf/bim. fifire 

hundred thoufand drachma^ of the moneys that be^ was 

; conveying to Myv And all the remains of P£y«r/tf)r's 

. arnoy^ which after their General's defeat wanderf d ahovt 


\$) T\a% line IS part ot the fpeecJi which A/^f/ij njafccs-juH: Bc^ 

i . ,, fore 

MARCUS BR V r V S. 7^ 

ll^heffahK chearfully joined with Bruim. ^ Bdide this he toa4c 
from Cinmi fi-w hundred, horfc whom he wa$ conducing 
to Dclebdla in Afia. After that he faried to DemetiriaSi 
and there ^ibized a great quantity of ssms; which h^d 
been provided by the command of Julius defar for the 
Panbisn war, and were mw defigned to be lent to j4»^ ^ 
/#if)r. ■ Thenikf^rv^i^i was delivered into his' hands by 
HarPen/lustiic Frastor ; and all the kings and potentates 
round about willingly offered to join with hiiD* When 
news was brought that Gmx, the brother^ bf Aiiiof^^ 
'having pafied through 7/^/)^, was march ing; on to join 
the forces that G^^Wi^i commanded in ]^yrrM:hiiim and 
jffwllma^ Brutus refolved to prevent bins ai^ tofeuie 
them before his arrival \ he therefore in all hafte moved 
forwards with as many men as he had about him. His . 
inarch was very difficult, through rugged places, and 
ina.gDeat fnow,*butf€> expeditious, that, he had lefc 
•tbo&: who were to bring his proviiions a. great way be« 
4iind. And now being very near to Dyrrucbiumi through 
cold and fatigue he feji into the diilemper called Bulimia^ 
c^r violent hunger. This is a difeafe which feizes both 
men and cattle, after much labour, and efpecially in^a 
great fnow: whether it is csufed by the natural heat, 
which, when the body isfeized with cold, is forced all 
inwards, and fuddenly confumes all the nourifhrnent 
laid in; or whether a (harp and fubtile vapour, whidt 
comes from thefnow as it diflblves, penetrates the body, 
and deftroys the heat by expelling it through the pore^ ; 
for the fweatings, which are frequent in this difteraper, 
feem to arife from the heat meeting with the cold, anil 
.being quenched by it on the furface of the body. Bud 
of this I have jdifcourfed more at larg? in another plade. 
BmtusL^gcommg very faint, and there being euonein the 
whole army who had any thing for him to leat, his..fer- 
vant^'Were forced to have recouirfe ta* the enemv, and 
going ;ss!far ar to > the very gates ol^ the city, begged 
breadof the eentinels that were up6n^ duty « As.lbtbn \ 
at'they/heardof.thedilbreis ofvSnviirx^ liiey camp^them- ^ 
- M feives^ 

foit*lu'd«adi to^f^dr^in-therixtcenth bookoflhe/i^^^^ -^ 

(6) Brigeg 




8o The L 1 F E vj 

(elves, and brought both meat and drink aloftg with 
them ) in return for which aft of humanity^ Bralus^ 
when he took the city, Ihowed great kindnefs, not to 
them only, but to all the reft of the inhabitants for their 

Caius Antonius being now arrived at Apollonia^ fum- 
tnoned all the foldicrs that were quartered near that city 
to join him there ; but finding that they nevertheicfe 
went all to Brutus^ and fufpeding that even thofe of 
Apollonia were inclined to the fame party^ he quitted 
that city, and came to Buthrotus^ having firft ioft three 
cohorts, which in their march thither were cut to pieces 
by Bruius. After this attempting to make himfclf maf- 
ter of fome polls near jByZ&V, which the enemy had firft 
feizcd, he was overcome in a fet battle by youngCiV^^j 
to whom Brutus gave the command of the army thit 
day, and whofe conduft he made ufe of often, and 
with great fuccefs; Caius Antonius vf^s foon after fur- 
prized in a marlhy place, from whence he. could not re- 
tire ; and Brutus^ having him in his power, would not 
fuffer his own foldiersto attack him, but encompafling 
him with his cavalry, gave command that none of the 
enemy Ihould be killed, becaufe in a little time they 
would all be on his fide; which accordingly came to 
pafs, for they furrcndcred both themfelves and their 
General : fo that Brutus had by this time a very confi- 
derable army. He ihowed ail marks of honour and 
efteem to Caius Antonius for a long time, nor did he take 
away any of the enfigns of his dignity, though as fome 
report, he had letters from feveral perfons at Romis^ and 
particularly fiom Ctcero^ advifing him to put him to 
death. But at laft Brutus perceiving that he began pri- 
vately to tamper with his officers, and was raifing a ft" 
dition amongft the foldiers, put him aboard a fhip, 
and kept him clofe prifoner. In the mean time, the 
foldicrs who had been corrupted by him were retired to 
Appllonia^ from whence they fent Brutus word^ that if he 
would come thither to them thg would return to their duty. 
t He anfwered, That this was not the cuftom of the Ro- 
Y mans -, but that it became thofe who had offended to come 


Marcus Bnuttts. Sf 

tbeti^'Q^f to thHr General^ and i€g forgivenifs tf tbjtir 
mm^sj^ which they did, and accordingly received their 

. As bp was preparing to pafs into J/ta^ there was an 
account brought to him of the alteration that had hap-* 
pcned at Rcmej where the young Cafar Affifted by the 
fenate, in oppoficion to Antcmy^ was got into great, 
power, and having now driven his competitor out o£ 
Italy^ began himfelf to be very formidable* fuipg for 
the Confullhip contrary to law, and maintaining a great 
army^ .of which the commonwealth had no need. At 
length perceiving that the (enate^ diifatisfied with his 
proceedings, began to cail: their eyes abroad upon Brutus^ 
and decreed and confirmed the government of feveral 
provinces to him, he was in fome apprehenfioh* There- 
fore difpatc^ing mefiengers to Anton^^ he defired that 
there might be a reconciliation^ and a ftrid friendihip 
between them; Then drawing all his forces about the 
city he obtained the Coniulfhip^ though he was yet but 
a boy, being only in his twentieth year, as he himfelf 
writes in his commentaries. At his firfl: entrance upon 
the Confulihip he immediately ordered a judicial procefs 
to be commenced ag^inft Brutus and his accomplices, 
for having murdered the greatell man, and the highell 
magiftrate ofRome^ without being heard or condemned; 
and appointed Lucius Cornificius. to accufe Bruius^ a^d 
Marcus Agrippa to accufe Cajftus i and as they did not 
appear, the judges were forced to pafs fentence and con- . 
demn them both. It is reported, that when the crier 
(as the cuftom was) with a loud voice cited Brutus t6 . 
appear, the people could not fupprefs their fighs, and 
thofe of the bell quality, hung down their heads in 
fiJeoc6. Pu&lius jSilicius was feen to burft into tears^ 
which was the caufe that not long after he was put 
down in the lift of thofe who were profcribed. 

The Triumviri^ C4efar, Ahtany and Lepidus^ being per- 
fectly reconciled, fliared the provinces among thenv-.. 
felves, and made up that lift or profcription of two 
hundred iStf/i?^ citizens, who had,a price fet on theirs 
heads, and .were. doomed to die^ Qcers was one of tbofe^ ^ 
. Voju. VI, F who' 

$4 iie h IP ^ of 

Brutus was the only fnan who confpired againji Caefar Out df 

afenfe of the glorf^'andjuftice of the a£lion ; but that all tht 

reft were aSluated by malice and envy. And it is plain, 

that jBr«/«j (by what he writes himfelf ) did not fo much 

rely upon his forces, as upon his own virtue : for thus 

he [peaks in hisepiftle to JtticuSj immediately before he 

was to engage with the enemy ; That his affairs were in 

the moft fortunate Jituation that be could wifhy for that 

either he fhould overcome^ and refiore liberty to the po fie of 

A Rome^ or die ^ and be himftlf free from flavery \ that all 

I S things elfe were fixed and certain^ and that only one thing 

ftill remained doubtful^ \vhich was whether they were to live 

or die free men. He adds further, That Mark Antony 

had received a juft punifhment for his folly ^ who when he 

might have been numbered with /^^Bruti, CalTii, andCz- 

J tos, chofe rather to be the underling of Oftavius -, and that 

if they were not both defeated in the enfuing battle, they 

would very foonfall out with one another. And in this he 

appears to have been a true prophet. 

While they were at Smyrna^ Brutus defired Cafftus to 
let him have part of the great treafure that he had col- 
lefted, becaufe all his own was expended in furnilhing 
out fuch a fleet of (hips as was fufficient to give them the 
^ command of the fea. But the friends of Caffius dif- 
X fuadcd him from this : for^ faid they, // is not juft that the 
money which you bavefaved with fo much parjimcny^ and got 
With fo much envy^ fijould be given to him, to be difpofed ofiH 
making himfelf popular^ and gaining the favour of the foldiers. 
Notwithftanding which C<7^«j gave him a third part of all 
that he had j and then they parted each to their feveral 
commands. Caffttis having taken Rhodes^ behaved there 
with great fevcrity ; though at his firft entrance, when 
fome had called him their King and Mafter, he an- 
fwered, that he was Neither King ndr Mafler^ but the de^ 
Jiroyer of him who would have been their King and mafter. 
Brutus^ on the other part fent to the Lycians^ to demand 
from them afupply of money and men ; but Naucrates 
an orator, perfuaded the cities to rebel •, and fome of the 
inhabitants pofleffed themfelves of feveral hills, with ^ 
flefign to hinder Brutus'-s paflagc. Brutus^ at firfty fent 
I . : • . - - QUt 

M A R C U S B R U T U S. 85^ 

tnit a party of horfe, which furprizing them at dinner^ 
killed fix hundred of them ; and afterwards, having '- 
taken all their fmall towns and villages round about, ho 
fet all the prifoners free without ranfom, hoping to win 
the whole nation by his clemency. But they continued 
obftinate, being enraged for what they had fufFered, 
and defpifing his generofity and humanity. At laft 
having forced the moft warlike of them into the city of 
Xantbusj he bcfieged them there. There was a river, 
which ran by the town ; and feveral endeavoured to 
make their efcape by fwimming and diving; but they 
were taken by nets let down for that purpofe, which had 
little bells at the top, to give notice when any were taken 
in them. ThtXantbiam after that made a fally in the 
night, and feizing feveral of the battering engines, fet 
them on fire; but being foon perceived by the Romans^ 
they were beaten back to their wall ; and there being a 
very violent wind, it drove the flames to the battlements 
of tne city, fo that feveral of the adjoining houfes took 
fire, Brulus^ fearing left the whole city fliould be dc- 
ftroyed, commanded his own foldiers to afllft the citH 
zens, and to quench it. But the Lycians were on a fud- i 
den poflefTed with a ftrange and incredible defpair, fuch<^ 
a frenzy as cannot be better exprefled, than by calling it ' 
a pafTionare defire of death ; for both women and chil^^ 
dren, freemen and flaves, perfons of all ages, and of all 
conditions, ftrove to force away the foldiers, who came 
in to their alTiftance, from the walls ; and themfelves 
;athering together reeds, and wood, and othqr com^ 
►uftible matter, fpread the fire over the whole city, 
feeding it with whatever fuel they could get, and by all 
pof^ble means t^cxiing its ful-y \ fo that the flame hav- 
ing difperfed itfelf, and ench-cled the whole city, blazed 
out in a moft terrible manner. Bruius was extremelyi 
afflided at their calamity, and getting on horfeback, | 
rode round the walls, being earne6:ly defirous to preferve 
them ; and ft retching forth his hands to the XantbianSy' 
Jie begged of them to fpare themfelves, and fave their 
jown. But inftead of regarding his entreaties, thef , 
yfed every niethod to deftroy themfelveSi Some, not ^ 

F 3 only 

86 The hi F E of 

only men and women, but even Uttk children, witli 
liideous outcricr lea^d into the fire j others thre# 
themfelvcs headlong trom the walls •, others fell upoti 
their parent's fwords, opening their breads, and dclir- 

ing to be flain. 

y When almoft the whole city was reduced to afties 
4here was found a woman who had hanged hcrfelf with 
her young child faftened to her neck, and the torch in 
.her hand, with which iht had fet fire to her own houfe. 
This was fo tragical an objeft, that Brufus could not 
endure to fee it, but wept when he heard the account of 
it, and proclaimed a reward to any foldier that could 
fave a Xantbian. It is faid, that an hundred and fifty 
only were prefcrved, and even they againft their will. 
Thus the Xanthians^ as if fate had determined certain 
ftated periods for their deftruftion, after a long courfe of 
years,- by their defperate courage renewed the calamity of 
their forefathers, who after the fame manner in the Ptf" 
Jian war had burned their city, and deftroyed themfelves. 
Brutus^ after this, finding the Patareans refolved to 
make refiftancc, and defend their city againft him, was 
very unwilling to befiege it, and was in great perplexity, 
fearing left the fame frenzy might feize them too. But 
having with him fome of their women whom he had 
taken captives^ he difmifled them all without any ran- 
fomj and they returning to their huft)ands and fathers, 
who were men of the greateft quality, extolled the mo-^ 
deration, temperance, and juftice oi Brutus^ and per- 
fuaded them to Xubmlt, and put their city into his 
haqds. Fromthis time, all the cities round about fur- 
rendered, and put themfelves into his power, and found 
that his demcncy. afcd humanity furpafted even their 
hopes. For though Qiffius at the fame time had com- 
pelled tvtry Rbodian to bring in all the filver and 
gold he was mafterof; by which means he raifed a 
f\jim of eight thoufand talenjcs, and befide that, con- 
demned the publick to pay the fumof five hundred ta- 
lents more. Brum took only a hundred and fifty talents 
from ih&Lydansy and without doing them any other in^^ 
^ury, departed from thence ^itb his army lo Ionia. 



Tiirough the.wliole courfe of this cx;pcditk)a, Brutm did 
maay memorable afts of juftice, in diljpenfing rewards 
and punifliments to fuch as had defervcd cither. On^ 
of thefe I will relate, Jbccaufe he hinafelf, and every ho- 
ned Roman^ was in a particular manner pleafed with it. 
When Pompey the Great, being overthrown, by Cafar^ ' f 
had fled to ^^jp/, and landed nt2ix Pelujium^ the tutors 
and minifters of the young King confulted among them- 
ielves what was fit to be done on that occalion. But 
they did not all agree in the fame opinion; ionie being 
for receiving him, others for driving him from M^pt. 
But Theodotus^ a Cbian by birth, and a mercenary teacher 
of rhetorick, then attending upon the King, and, for 
want of better men, being admitted into the council, 
undertook to convince them, that both partie? were in 
the wrong, thofe whofe advice was to receive Pompey^ 
and thofe who were of opinion that he fhould be fenc 
away ; that in their prefent cafe, the beil w^y was to 
ieize him, and to kill him; and he ended his fpeech 
with the proverb, That dead men do noihiie. Th^ council 
agreed to his opinion, ^nd Pompey the Great. afforded ^ 
lingular example of incredible and unforefeen events^ 
falling a vidim to the rhetorick and eloquence oiTheo-- 
dolus^ as that fop hifter himfelf afterwards boafted.. Not 
long after, when Cefar came to Mgypty fomc of the 
murderers received their juft reward, and were put to 
death as they deferved. But Tbeodotus^ though he had 
gained from fortuqe a little time for a poor defpicable 
and wandering life, yet could not conceal himfelf from ' 
Brutus^ as he pafied through AJia ; but being feized by 
him and executed, became more memorable by his 1 
^death than from ^ny tranfadtion in the whole courfe of / 
his life. 

About this time Brutus fent word to CaJJius to come to 
him at Sardis^ and when he was on his journey, went 
with his friends to meet him ; and the whole army be- 
ing drawn up, faluted each of them with the name of 
Imperator. Now (as it ufually happens in bufinefs of 
great moment, wherein many friends, and many .cpni- 
manders are engaged) feveral mutual coniplaipts and 

F 4 ' accufa-^ 

88^ ^ ^ L 1 F E ^ ^ 

J(. awJiiufadohS patfed between Brutus and C^f. Thry t^ 
ibltcd therefore before they entefed ttpon any other bu-- 
Ancfs, itti mediately to witMrAvrinto feme private apart-* 
rhent; wh^rcf th* door being (hut, and they two alone, 
they began firft to expoftulate, then to difpuce warmly, 
ind accufe ^ach other ; and at laft they were fo tranf- 
ported with paflion, that they burft into tears, and ut* 
tered the fevereft reproaches. Their friends, who ftood 
IvithoDt, were amazed, hearing them fpeak fo loud and 
^ith fo much anger, and feared left^fome mifchief might 
follow, but yet durft not interrupt them, having been 
conimancled not to enter the room. • BvLt^Marcus Favo- 
niusy One who was a zealous admirer of CatVy and whofe 
philofophy feemed rather to proceed from wild and 
iranfick paffion, than the calm dictates of reafon, at- 
tempted to enter. He was at firft hindered by the at- 
tendants* but it was a hard matter to flop Favcnm^ 
wiiere-ever'his impetuofity hurried him; for he was 
•fierce and violent in sill his behaviour: and though 
he was a fenator, yet thinking that one of the leaft of 
hiS'eJccellencies, he vafued himfelf more upon a fore of 
^lOyntcal liberty of fpeakipg what hepleafed; which 
fonj^times was diverting enough to thofe who could 
bear, with his impertinent buffoonery. This Pavonius 
breaking by force through thofe who kept the doors, 
entered into the chamber,* and in a theatrical tone pro- 
nounced the verfes which H^mer puts in the mouth of 
Nefiotj and which begin thus, • 

A Bi ruhd^ for I am elder th^n you both. 

This m^AtCaJfius laugh; but 5r«/«^ thruft him out, 

tailing him a very dog' and counterfeitCynick \ however, 

for the prefent thispiutan end to their difpute, and they 

Tboth parted. Caffiu^ made an cntertainment'that night, 

'and Brutus invited his friends thither ;- when they were 

' /at down J Pavonius having bathed came in among them ; 

j^ri^/ifW caUed out a^oud, land told him, he' was not in- 

Vited^ qind'bid him go to the lower end of the table : 

*)bdi he violently thruft himfelf in, and fat dowh in the 

$, The entertainment was feafoned with pka- 



MARCUS 3R U T U S. 89 

ftnt Md^ learned converlatioQ. The follpwing daj^ 
upon the accufiuion of the SanHamSj BnOus pablickiy. 
difgraced and condemned Ijtdtis Pellm one who had ^ 
been Praetor, and had been employed in offices of trufl: 
by himfelf, for having embezzled the publick money* 
This a6tion did not a little vex Caffius ; for, but a lew 
days before, two of his own friends beii^ accufed of the 
fame crime, he only in private admoniihed them, but in 
publick abfolved them, and continued them in their 
office. Upmi this occafion he accufed Brutus oi being 
too rigoroufly juft at a time which required them to ufe /t^ 
lenity and forbearance. In anfwer to this. Bruins bid 
him rmemier the ides </ March, the day when ibey kilkd 
Casfar, who himfelf did neither plunder and barraJsiUl maur 
kind, but was only tbefupport offucb as did. He bid him 
confidtTjtbat if there was any cohur fer the negUH ofjufiice^ 
it bad been better to have fuffered the infuftice of CxfarV 
'friends J than t a allow impmity to their own*y for then^ faid 
he, -we could barve been accufed of cowardice only ; wbireas 
now after all our toils and dangers we Jball incur the rf • , 
proach ofinjujiice. Such were the principles oi Brutus. , I 
About the time when they had defigned topafs out of 
Jfia into Europe^ it is faid, that a wonderful apparition 
was ftta by Brutus. He was naturally of a watchful 
jeoniticution, asd being u(ed to great moderation in his 
diet, and having perpetual employment, he allowed 
but a very fmall portion of time for fleep. He never f 
ilept in the day-time, and in the night then only when 
all bis bufinefs was fini(hed, and when every one elfe 
being gone to reft, he had no body left to difcourfc 
with him. But at this time the war being begun, hav- 
ing the whole ftate of it to confider, and being very fol- 
licitous about the event, he only flumbcrcd for a little 
while. after fupper, and fpentall the reft of the night in 
managing his moft urgent affairs; which if he had dif- 
patched in time, he employed himfelf in reading, till 
the third watch ; at which time the centurions and tri- 
bunes ufed to come to him for orders. night, 
juft before he left Jfia^ lie was fitting very lat^^.+all 
'/^loae in his tent, with a dim light burning by him, aU 

$ . the 


90 • 72^ L J P E £^ . 

the camp being huflied and filent. A» he wa^ mufing 
with himfelf he thcn^ht be heard fomebody enter, and 
Cuming his ey« to the door, he faw a ftrange and terri^i^ 
ble appearance of a hideous fpefltre (landing filently by 
his .fide; Bruitts boldly alked it, If^Jbat art thou ? Man 
$rG&d? jdndwheref ore' deft thou come to me? The fpirit 
anfweredy / am thy evil Genius^ Brutui : Thou Jhalt fee m^ 
at Pbilippi, To which Brutus^ not at all difturbed, re- 
plied, i%en L will fee thee there ? 

As foon as the apparition vanifhed, he called his fer- 
vantS' to him, who all told him, that they had neither 
heard any voice, nor fecn atiy vifion. He continued 
watching till the morning; and then went to Caffius^ 
and related to him the apparition he had feen. He^ 
who was a foMower of Epicurus^ and. often ufed to dif- 
putewich Brutus concerning matters of this nature, an>- 
?wered him thus 5 Brutus, // is the ^opinion of our fiSl^ 
that Hot every thing thai we feel or fee- is real ; hut that cur 
fenfes are very uncertain and treacherous ; and the imagind^ 
tion^s&hich is more quick andfuhtikj turns and varies our 
Jenfihle impreffims into all manner of forms ^ and produces 
ideas ^hich have no real objeli exiting ^ tis really as we im^ 
frint aty figure upon wax ; for thefout of man, having in 
itfelf both that which forms^ and that •which is formed^ can 
€ajtly combine and diverfify thefe impreffians at its pleafure^ 
'This is- evident from the'fxdden changes of our dreams^ in 
which the imagination upon very fUgbt grounds^ reprefentsto 
us all the various pafjions of the foul and forms of external 
'things i for it is 'the nature of the mind to be in perpetual mO" 
tion^ -and that motion is our imagination and thought. But 
-befide^hiSj in your caje^ the body being fpent with continual 
laboftr and care^ naturalfy difturbs and Unfettlts the mind. 
But that there fhould beany fuch thing as Damons or Spirits^ 
er if there were ^ that they fhould have a human fhape^ or 
-void;, or any power that can affeSl uSj is altogether impro^ 
hdbk i though I confefi I could wifb that there werpfucb Be^ 
fff^s, that v)e might not rely upon our arms only^ and our 
^horfes^ and our numerous fleets but on the afjiftance of the 
Gods alfoy in this oUr moft facred and honourable attempt. 
With fuch difcourfes as thefe, Cafftus fettled and com- 
-pafed the mind of J^rutus. ^ As 

M A R C U S B R U T U S. 91 

As foon as thenrmy began to inarch, two eaglesf flew 
down, and lighted on the two firft cnfigns, and con- 
tinually followed the foldiers, and were fed by them till 
they came to PMz/p/ ; and there, the day before the 
fight, they boih flew away, Brutus had already re- 
duced moft of the nations in thefe parts, but he marched 
on as far as the fea-coaft over-againft Thafusj that if 
there . wtre any city, or man of power, that yet flood 
out, he might force them all to fubjcdion. Here 
J^&rbanus was encamped, in the ttraits, near Symbof- 
lum. Him they furroundcd in fuch a manner, that they 
forced him to diflodgeand quit the places and Nor- 
ianus jiarrowly cfcaped lofing his whole army, defaf^ 
by reafon of his iicknefs being left behind ; for he had 
certainly been loft, had not Antony arrived to his re- 
lief with fuch wonderful expedition, that Brutus could 
not believe he was come. C^far came up to the army 
ten days after. Brutus,vr2is encamped over-againft him, 
and Ca^s over-againtt Anthony. The fpace between 
the two armies is called by the Romans^ the Plains of 
J^hili^i. Never did two fuch numerous armies of i2^- 
mans appear together ready to engage each other. The 
^rmy oi Brutus wasibmewhat lefs in number than that 
of C<efar ; but in the fplendour of their arms, and rich- 
nefs of their equipage, it very far exceeded it j for moft 
of their arms were .of gold and filver, which Brutus 
had lavifhly beftowed anM)ng them. For though in 
other things Brutus had accuftomcd his commanders to 
ufe all frugality and modcrajtion, yet he thought that 
the riches which foldiers carried about them in their 
hands, and on their bodies, would add to the fpirit of 
the ambitious, and make the covetous fight the more 
valiantly to prefervc their arms, which were their prin-^ 
cipal wjealth. 

C^far made a lufl:ration of his army within his 
trenches, and difl:ributed only a little corn, and but 
.five drachmas to each foldier for the facrifke. But Bru- 
tus^ to fliow his contempt of this poverty, or mean- 
nefs of fpirit in C^f/ir, finft, as the cuflx)m was, made 
^.general luftration of his army in the open field, and 
then diftributed a great number of beafts for facrifice 


9^ . "the IaI¥ E of 

to every cohort, and fifty drachmas :to every fokficrr 
fo that in the love of his foldiers, and their readinefs 
to fight for him, Brutus had much the advantage of 
Cafar. At the time .of luftration, it is reported, that 
an unlucky qmen happened to Caffius ; for one of his 
officers prefcnting him with a garland that he was to 
wear at the facrifice, gave it him with the infide out* 
ward. It is al/o faid, that fome time before, at a 
certain folemn proceflion, the golden image of victory, 
which was carped before Caffius^ fell down, the per- 
fon who bore it happening to ftumble. Beiide this, 
there appeared many birds of prey daily about the 
camp •, *^^d fever^l fwarms of bees were feen in a place 
within the trenches, which place the foothfayers ordered 
to belhyt put from the camp, to remove that fuperftiti- 
cus fear which infenfibly began to. feize even Cajfttis him* 
.fclf, in fpite of his Epicurean philofophy, but had wholly 
infefted and fubdued the foldiers. For this reafon Caf* 
fius was very unwiljing to put. all to the hazard of a 
prefent battle, but advifcd rather to protraft. the war; 
. con fidering that they were ftronger in money and pro* 
vifions, but in/ number of men inferior. But Bru-^ 
fus^ on the contrary, was ftill, as formerly, defirous to 
come with a\1 fpeed to the decifion of a battle ; that fo 
he might either reftore his country to her liberty, or 
elfe deliver froqi their mifery all thofe men who were 
haraflfed with the expences, troubles and dangers of 
.the war. . And finding alfo that his cavalry in feveral 
fkirmifhes had the better, he was the more encouraged 
and refolved; and fome of the foldiers having deferted 
to the. enemy, and others beginning to accufe and fuf- 
pedi one another, many oi Caffius\ friends in the coun- 
cil came over to the opinion oi Brutus. But there wai 
one of 5n/////s party, mmtA AtelliuSy who oppofcd his 
jrefolution, advifing rather that they fhould tarry till 
the next winter. And when Brutus afked him. In hovtf 
much better a emditwn he hoped to be a year after ? His 
anfwer was, If J. gain nothing elfe^ jet I Jhall live fo much 
fke Ign^er. Coffins wa$ much difpleafed at this anfwer, 



sis were all the officers prefent. It was therefore re- ' 
folved to give battle the next day. 

Brutus that night fhowed himfelf very chearful and 
full of hope; and having pafled the time of fupper \ 
in philofophical converfation, he afterwards went to 
reft. But Mejfala fays, that Caffius fupped privately 
with .a few of his neareft acquaintance ; and that he 
appeared thoughtful and filent, contrary to his natural 
difppfition. After fupper he took him by the hand, 
and prefling it clofe as his cuftom was, in token of his 
friendfhip, he faid to him in Greeks Bear witnefs for mci 
Meflala, that I am Ir ought inlo the fame, necefjiiy^ as 
Pompcy the Great was before me^ of hazarding the liberty 
of my country upon one battle. Tet I am not difcouraged^ 
relying on our good fortune^ which we ought not to mif^ 
trujl^ though we have taken an imprudent re/blution. Thefe, . 
as Mejfala fays, were the laft words that CaJJius fpoke ' ^ 
before he bad him farewel; and he then invited 
CaJ/ius to fup with him the next day, it being his 

The next morning as foon as it was light, the fcarlet 
robe, which was the fignal of battle, was hung out in the 
camps of Brutus and CaJJiuSy and they themfelves met 
in the middle fpace between their two armies. There ^ 
CaJJius fpoke thus to Brutus ; The Gods grants O Brutus, I 
that we may now overcome^ and pafs the rejl of our days to^ 
gether in repofe and profperity. But fince the greatefi of 
human concerns are the moji uncertain^ and fince it will be 
very difficult for us ever to fee one another again^ if the event 
of the battle fhould be unfortunate^ tell me^ what is ^out 
tefolution concerning flight and death ? Brutus anfwered, 
When I was young, Caffius, and unexperienced, I was led^ 
I know not how, into an opinion of philofophy, which made 
me accufe Cato/or killing himfelf, and reprefent that allim 
as contrary both to piety and true courage, which forbid us 
to defert the poji in which providence has placed us, and 
to fly from the calamities of life injiead of bearing them 
with, fortitude. But thefituation I am in at prefent has- 
made me alter my opinion \ fo that if heaven fhall not dif- 
pofe what we now undertake according to our wifhesy F \ 


^4 fBe L 1 P/B of 

! am refoli>ed not to try the event of nem hopes and frtjk 
preparations^ hut will die contented with my fortune. For 
i gave up my life to thefervice of my country on the ides of 
March ', in recompence of which I have everjince lived with 
liberfy and honour. Caffius at thefe words fmiled, a^d 
embracing Brutus^ faid, ff^ith thefe refolutions let us march 
againji the enemy j for either we ourfelves fhall conquer ^ of 
we fhall have no ctiufe to fear thoje who do. 

After this they dii'courfed among their friends about 
the ordering of the battle : and Brutks defired of 
CaJftiiSy that he might command the right wing, though 
it was thought a pod more fit for Cajfius^ becaufe of his 
age, and his experience: yet even in this C^j^/^j com-- 
plied with Brutus^ and placed Meffala with the moft 
valiant of all his legions, in the fame wing. Brutus 
immediately drew out his cavalry, magnificently equip- 
ped, and without lofs of time brought up the foot after 

Antonf^ foldiers were at this time digging a trench 
from the marfli by which they were encamped, to cut 
t)ffCaJius's paflage to the fea. C^efar was at a diftance 
in his tent, not being able to be prefent himfelf, by 
reafon of his ficknefs. And his foldiers not expefting 
that the enemy would come to a fet battle, but only 
make fome excurfions with their darts and light arms 
to difturb thofe who were at work^ and not taking no- 
tice of them when they were coming diredlly upon 
them, were amazed when they heard the confufed out- 
cry that came from the trenches. In the mean while 
Brutus fent to all the commanders tickets, in which 
was the word of battle ; and himfelf riding through 
the ranks, exhorted hi? foldiers to do their duty. There 
vera but few of them who had patience to flay for the 
worJ, the greateft part, before it could be given, run- 
ning with loud (houts upon the enemy. This preci- 
pitation caufed a great confufion in the army, and the 
legions were feparated one from another : that of Mef- 
fala firft, and afterwards thofe which were neareft ro 
him, went beyond the left wing of C^far ; and without ^ 
doing much more than putting fofne of the furtheft 


MARCUS fi R U t U g. 95 

finks in diforder, and killing a few of their olcn^ die/ ' 
Jiafled on and fell diredly into.C^^r's camp^ (Mavius 
himfelf, as he fays in his own cocnmentaries, had* bi^ . , 
juft before been conveyed away, upon the perfijafion of \ 
jirtorius^ one of his friends, who had dreamt that he 
law a vifion, lybich commfanded Qefarto be carried out 
of the camp. This made k bchevcd for fome.time 
that he was (lain i^ for the foldiers had pierced his lit-< 
ter, which was left empty, in many places with* their 
darts and fpears. There was a great (laughter in the 
eamp,* and two thoufand Lacedaemonians who were newly 
come to the afliftance of CafaVj were cut off. The 
reft of the army that had not gone round by the 
left wing of Cafar^ but had engaged his front, eafily 
overthrew them, as they were in a great confter na- 
tion, and tut in pieces three legions ; and in the ar^ 
dour of vidlory, entered the camp with the ft^tiveisy 
Brutus himfelf being anf^ong them. But the conquered ' 
taking the advantage of what was unperjeivcd by the 
conquerors, fell with great fury upon the enemy, whofe 
flank was left open and unguarded by the feparation 
of the right wing, which had engaged too far in the 
purfuiti but notwithftanding all their efforts, they could 
make no impre(fion upon the main body, which re- 
ceived them with great courage and refolution: how-^ 
ever they foon routed the left wing,- as well by reafor> 
of the diforder rn which Caffius^s men were, as from' 
their ignorance of what had paflTed in the right under* 
tiic command of Brutus-, and purfuing them clofe 
ihey entered with them into their camp, which they 
pillaged and deftroyed, though neither of their Gene- . 
rals were prefent, For Antony^ as they fay, to avoid the 
fury of the firft onfet, had retired into the mar(h that 
was hard by ; and C^far^ who by reafon of his (ickneft 
had been conveyed out of the camp, was no where to 
be found. And fome of the foldiers prefented them- 
felves to Brutus^ and told him that they had killed Cte-- 
far, in confirmation of which they (howed him their 
fwords all bloody^ and defcrtbed to him his age and' 
pcrfon. , . . . 


> •> 


96 ... the L IFB^^ : 

THr main body of Bmius^s army had routed aH 
thofe>who Gfppofed them, fo th«it he was evidently coa^ 
querof on his Bde at the fame tkne^thatC^^iwas van<- 
qulihed on the other. And thtt one nliftake was the 
ruin of their affair^, that Brutm dvA not come to the 
relief of Ci^j/ thinking that he, as well as htmlelf^ 
was conqueror 5 and that Caffius did not exp?<3: the 'vt^r 
lief of BrukiSy thinking that he too was overcome. For 
a proof that the vidory was on Brufus*s fidej Aiejftia 
urges his taking of three eagks, and many enfigns of 
the enemy, without lofing any of his own. Mrutus 
now returning from the purfuit^ after having deftroycd 
Cafarh camp,-r wondered that he could not fee the, lent ' 
of Caffius appearing high abave the reft, as ufual^ nor 
any of . the ;others round about it. For they were- 
moft of them overturiied, and deftroyed by the enemy 
upon their firft entrance intotl^ camp. But feme who 
had a better fight than the reft, told Bruins that they 
faw a great /nany ftiining helmets and filvcr target^ 
moving to and fro in Caffius\ camp -, and they thought,^ 
that by their number and their armour, they couldL. 
not be thofe they had left to guard the camp, but yet,- 
that there did .not appear fo great a number of dead 
bodies thereabouts, as it was probable there would have, 
been after the defeat of fo many legions. This firft made 
Brutus fufped: .C^«j's. misfortune ; and leaving a fuf- 
jficient guard in**the cnernies camp, he calledback thofe 
who were in the purfuit, rallied them together^ ^nd 
led them to the relief of C^«5, whofe fituatioawas 
this. He was much difpleafcd at the firft onfet thac 
^|/ Brutus\ foldiers made without, the word of battle,, or 

|s^ command to charge. 1 hen, .after they had overcome^ 
he was asjnnuch concerned to fee them all eagdf ly- bent 
upon plunder, ar^neglc&ing to furround and entirely 
to defeat the enemy. , Befidc this, by his own flow and* 

• dilatory conduct, and a want of activity and prudent 
attention, he was hemmed in by the right wing of thci 
enemy, upon which all his cavahy quitted their ftation 
and fied immediately tdwards the fea \ the foot alfo be* 
gan to give way, which he perceiving, laboui:©ci as* 


MARGtrsfiRUtUS. ^ 

ffiiict^^s ever he could ttShindei- their flightr atitfUnnj 
them back i land fniitchtng an enfigh ouc of tfafe tein( 
of 6ne that fledj' he ftuck it at his feet; though lie coUMT" 
h»fily*feeep ererf his o^ii prastoriart tend togethit* f^ f^r 
Hfeit at kft he ^s fbroed to fly With a few abtotjt ^Um 
ia a litde' hill that over-looked all the plain. - fiut Hd 
Mmfetf being ihort-fighted, difcovercd nothirig,'oriij^- 
iHe deftrthSHon bf his camp, and even that with nJticH 
difficdty, but tftby who were witli him fai;^ i great 
bddy of borfe, fent by Untms^ moving tbwards bich. 
V^i believed thefc to be a riarty of the enemyifent irf 
ptiffuit of WAt. Htiwfcver, he ordered Titiniusj one of 
tHbfe who attended him, to go and get more cemirl 
intdligcnce. -jfilw/ii's nien faw him coming 5 arid ali^ 
foon' as- tiiey difcovered that it waS' Cuffius^s faithful 
frifeiidi theyilioutcd for joy 1 thofe of them who viert 
his ihore falnllMr acquaintaticei alighting frofrt thetf 
hbrfek, faluted ahd embraced him % and the reft rod^ 
round about him in great triumph and clafking the^ ' 
amis throtigh their excefs of gladnefs at the fight of 
him. But thiSi proved fatal to Caffiusj who concluded 
that they were the enemy who had thus furrouridedlTi- 
iinius^ dnd made him their prifoner. Hereupon hel 
tried Odi, Through tbb wucb fondnefsfor Hfe^ Ihave 'livid J 
to fee tny frknd taken by $be cnenff lefore fnyface. When 
he had faid this he retired into an eiljpty tent^ taking 
with him only Pindarus^ one of his ff^d men, whdm 
he had rcferved for fucH an occafion ever fince the tin- ' 
happy battd6 ag^ihft the Pdrtbiani; mhctQ Craffki was 
flatn. He efcaped thatt misfortune; but now AV'tdp* 
ing his robe dbout his head, he laid his heck bare^ 
aiw held it fbrth to Pindarus^ commanding htm to 
cut off his' head ; for his head was found lying fevered 
frotfi his Body. But fto man eve* faw Pindarics after- 
wards 5 from* which fome fufpefted, that he had 'killed 
hi% mafter without his command. Soon after, it was 
pferceived who the hdrfcmenr were, and Titinius crowned 
with garlands came towards Caffius. But as foon as 
}^t JMiderftottd^ by the cries and lamentaiiohs taif his af- 
flfftcd friendsj, the Unfortunate error a^d death of his 
• Vol. VI. Q Gene- 

^pjcral,. be 4fl5W hU fwoid, jtod, , having, ikveff^if 0; 
p^iQdchea aod; upbraided himiel£fpr. his tardtnefs anf^ 
.fii^^encff.'thai had caufed it, hf; flew hinifelf. Mrumsp 
M. ibqn as Ke w^raffured of the defeat of Caffm^^ m.adp 
^O^eio him, bi^t heard nothing of his deadly till; hf» 
l^.liear his caiqp. Then havtog> lamenced over bj^ 
[y, and called him. The lafi gjtbi Romans, inti^ 
mating, that it was impoflihle that the city flioukl ei^ei^ 
jji^roduce ^other'ix]fan,.9f .io>grea^ a fpirit, he fent away; 
|jic todfy, to he..burie$ ri&4^ ieft his funeral bieiog 
^^leln;ate{{ Vitbin the; camp miight polfibly breed > fomq 
^qnfuj&oo. He then gajtbered the foldiers (ogethert and 
j^q^(t>ii\Jt^ them ^ and. feeing cbenx ^eftitute pf all tbiqg4 
^0^ry, , he, ptomiied to every man twa thoufand 
rachn^a^, in re, what t^ey had loft. Th^y 
jil,*thefe words toqk coufage, and were aftoniflied at tj^ 
jjipagmficisnce of ];he gift, and waited upon him..4p hif 
departure yrith^ fhouts and acclamations, extolling .hiiOi 
^s the only Qeneral of all the four who. was not ove^-j 
(^pme in the battle. And indeed the event prpved tlu^ 
^t. was not yt^Uhbut tt^ion he .believed he fhould con^ 
qqer ; for with a few legions he overthrew all fhajc rc^ 
lifted him *, and if all hii$ fqldiers had fpught» and moft 
of them had not palled beypnd tbe enemy in putfuit of 
ihe .pjunder,. it is very likely that he had utterly dc* 
feate4 them dL There fell on his Tide jwght thoufaqd 
piea, reckpning. the fervants .of the army, wbof^i Bpiiy 
Mi. called (6) Briges^ And Mejala fays^ that be thinks 
(here were fl^in op the other fide, above twice that numt 
ber ; for which reafon ^hey. were more out of hoa^t than 
Brutusy till a {ervant pfC^/fiuff n^imi^d DmelrifiSj c^sfi^. 
Ui ^he evening to Antony^ and bro^ght to hingt hlls ma^ 
iter's robe and (word which he. had tak^n fropi hii 
dead body. ^ At the j(ight, of thefe, ibey were fo fnco^r 
raged, that as^ fqoh as ic was inoni^i;^ they ^^"^^^ 
their whole force into the field, amd ftobd in7^bi^tle|> 
arrajr.againft Brutus. But ^ritfw foun4.boib ^ f;am|^ 


> * 

. (6) Brim. Si n fffnw^n of rqns natioiit jifiiallf Troplied doe 
phypip Pbrjiiam. Thoft hjtfb a* ffk^ of fervaoa* who mtowed tb« 

JVi A R € US B R U T V S. 9^ 

IK J'^veHng arid h«2ardbui ftatc. Ptis owrt lielflg 
'filled with prifoners,' required a rery ftrong gtiard$ 
tihd the army of Qtffins was much difcontenttd at thid 
«h4Hge of their General J belides, they who had be)^ 
l>eaten were feifeed v/ith a fccret envy and' indrgi>atiOn 
agaiAft thofewho bad conquered -, Wherefore he AoUght 
it convenient to draw up hi^ army, but he determined 
wot w fight. 

i "AU the flavei that w<fre^taken prifoners ghring' him 
caufe of fufpicibn* by appearing very bufy among the T 
'iWdierSi were ordered to be flain ; but ihoft of th6 
fiwmeii and citizens hfe difmiilJ^d, faying^ That ibey 
%iid'm^r& mtly^been taken by the en^^ ^ban by him ; fhdt 
, iuith'' them they were captives and Jlaves indeed^ buf^fk 
biik ^^fremtn^ nHd citizens of Rome. Bdt ht was forced 
to hrtdethem, and help them to efcape privately, 'pef- 
cciviftg that • fome of- hfs friends and com manderi were 
i^lacably bent upon revenge agairift* them. Among 
the Hraptives there was one Vohmmus a mimick, arid 
"SamUa a buffoon ) of thefe Brutus took no manner of 
notice; but his friends brought them before him, and 
accufed them for not refraining even in that con« ^ 
ditiori from their abufive jells and fcurrilous language^' ' 
Brutus 'having his mind taken up with other afikirs, 
faid nothing to their accufation^ but the jcrdgmenc 
Qf'Atefala Orvinus was, that thtey Ihould be whip-' 
ped^publitkly upon a fcafFold, and fo fent daked to 
the Gederals of the enemy, to fhow them what fort 
of' flflbciates and table^companions were fit for fuch 
warriors. At this fome who wei^e prefent laughed jbut 
PUblius Cafca^ hd who gave the fifft wound to C4f/ir, 
faid,>?1&tf/ it was mt ' decent \to cikbrate the obfiqmes of ^ 
Gafliils wityj^ing and laughter. But jou^ O Brutus,: ' 
^tf^^ik'^'^-'SUtt Jhoisf "what 0eem you have far the memry- 
if^bltr^ekef^r'by puiipHng or prefervingthefi who n-i 
dtkiSe'^aM hi>ik hinh^ ^^^ this Brutus^ with great in- 
«^ttti6#, *l*^i*d, Why'fben^ <;afca, do ytm tell me of 


► :..T1^^ G Z (7) 

»oo The t IP t ef 

( / iiiSj and npt do yourfilf ^bat you think ij f roper ? TKii 
\ aafwer of Brutus was underftood to exprefs his confeni 
to the death of thefe wretched men ^ fo they were car ' 
lied away and (lain. 

After this he gave the foldiers the reward be had 
promifed them \ and having (lightly reproved tbem^ 
^ fallfng upon the enemy in diforder^ without wait- 
ing either for the word of battle or command, he 
puromifed them, that if they behaved well in the nexir 
engagement^ he would give them up two cities to fpott 
dnd plunder, Tbeffalomca and Lactdamon. This is the 
S(^ onJy inexcuiable fault in the life of Brutus, For if in 
' the end Jntony and Qefitr were much more cruel in 
the rewards they gave their foldiers after victory ; if 
they drove out almoft all the old inhabitants of Ifafyf 
to put the foldiers in poiTefiion of other mens lands 
und cities; it is well known that their only delign inr 
tKidcFtaking the war, was to obtain dominion and eta* 
I pirc. Whereas fuch Was Brutus^s reputation for virtue^ 
( that he could not be aUowed either to concjuer^or tofave( 
I kimfelf, but by means truly ju(t and honourable *, efpe^ 
/ cially after the death of Caffi$is, who was generally acn 
- cuifed of prompting BrUitus to fome violent and unjuft 
a£^ions. But as mariner^, when the rudder of the &ip' 
^ 1$ broken bv a (torm, fit and nail on fome other piece 
\ ^ WQo4 inftead of ir^ 'ftriving againft the danger no6 
fb well indeed as before, but as well as in that necelEt/ 
i they can ; U> BruHu being. at the head of fo great an 
; army, and engaged in fuch weighty affairs, and having 
DO commander equal to (b great a charge, was forocfd 
j to make ufe of fuch as he had^ and to do and to fay 
I many thingt aceorduig to their adviee, which be 
chififiy followed in whateveir he thought miglu: conduce^ 
ta the bringing of Ci^ms\ foldiers into better order^ 
For they were -grown very head-^rong and untra&able^ 
\ bold, and in(blent in the camp for want of their. Ge<» 
) neral, hut in the field cowardly and ftarful from the 
tndembrance of their defeat. Neicherwere the afiairS' 
\ of defar and Antony in any better pofture ^ for they 
were iObraitened for want of provifions^ and the camp 


M A R C U S B R U T U S. tot 

Being in a low ground, they €xped;ed to endure a vcty 
hard and fickiy winter. For being encompafled with^ 
xnarihes, and a great quantity of rain,* as is ufual in. 
autumn, having fallen after the battel, their tents were* 
all filled with mire and water, which through the cold- 
Dels of the weather froze immediately. ^ 
While they were in this condition, there was new% 
brought to them of their lofs at fea* For Brutus\ fleet 
feu* upon theirs, which was bringing a great fupply;, 
of foldiers out of //^, and fo entirely defeju:ed it, that 
Tery few efcaped, and they were forced by famine to^ 
^ feed upon the fails and tackle of the fhips. As foon aa 
^y heard this, they made what hafte they could to 
come to a battle, before Brutus had notice of his good, 
iticcefs. Fot it happened, that the fight both by iea 
and land was on ^ the fame day ; but by fpme misfor-« 
tune, rather than the fault of his commanders, Brtau$> 
knew not of his victory till twenty days after.. For 
bad be been informed of it, he would never have comci 
to a fecond battle, fitice he had fi^fficient provifions for 
bis army for a lo«qg time, and was very advantage** 
oufly pofted, his camp being fafe from the injur iea 
of the weather, and almoD: inaccefiible to the enemy ^ 
^bkI his being abfolute mailer of the fea, and his hav« 
wg Sit jand been vidtorious on jthat fide where be him^ 
M( was engaged, would have very much encouraged 
hirti. But it feems that the RMuan ftate could not en*e 
dure any longer to be governed by many, but necefiik* 
nly required a monarchy, and that providence there* 
fore, in order to^ remove oiit of the way the only man 
wha was able to refift him who was deftined to it, pre-« 
vented Btuius ftotn hearing of that important vidory, 
ttil it was ixxi' late; though be was jufl: upon thepednc 
of receiidn^ die intelligence ; for the very evening 
beford'the fi^t, (mtClodiuSy a deferter from the enemy, 
come to t^ him J that C^far had received advi^^e of 
«he Idfs of his fleet, and for that reafop was in fuch hafte 
to come ta a^ battle. This relation met with no cre<? 
ditV neither was he admitted into Brutus^s prefence, but 
1IM9 yttevly defpifed as one who was ill infornaed, or 

G 3 had* 

- \ 

idi ^ i%e LIPS *y : 

hadiriirfctttid a Kc on purpofc to recommend hinriiff 

The fame night, thcv fay^ the vifion appeared again 

toBrttiuj^ m the fame (nape that it did before^ but ^^ 

hifhed without (faking. But Publius Volumnius (a man 

tfcidifted to the ftudy of philofophy, and one who had 

frUrn the beginning born arms with -5rir/«r^) makes na 

Ititindpn of this prodigy, but he fays, that the firfli 

ftandard w^s covered with a fwarm of bees; and that 

thetc was one of the captains, whofe arm of itfclf 

fweated oil oi rofcs, and though they often dried and 

wiped it, yet it would not ceafe. He alfo fays, that 

immediately before the battle, two eagles falling upon 

each other, fought in thefpace between the two armies;. 

that the whole field kept incredible filence, and all were 

. intent iipon the fpedbacle, till at lafl: that which was on 

ttre fide of Brutus yielded and fled. But the ftory of 

the Ethiopian is very famous, who meeting the ftandardr 

liekr^ when the gate of the camp was opened, was cot 

to^ pieces by the foldiers, who interpreted that circum** 

ttahce as an unlucky omen. Brutus having brought his 

drmy into the field, and iet them in array againQ: the 

enemy, paufed,a long while before he gave the word. 

j^oVashe was vifiting the ranks he grew fufpicious of ^' 

'j(bme, and heard accufarions- againft others. BefideSt 

hepeh:eived the horfe- were not difpofed to begin the 

light with any vigour or refolution, but were ftill ex« 

pe6tihg what the foot would do. And then on a fud- 

tien Camulattts^ a tery good foldier, and one whom for 

Itts* valour he highly efteetned, riding clofe by Brutus 

lifmffdf, went over to the enemy*, the fight of which 

^l^edhim exeecdingly-. So that partly cwt of anger, 

^nd partfy out of fear or fome greater treaibn and defer*. 

tlbriiW itamidiately led on his forces againft theenemy^ 

flight three m the afternoon. Brutus oti his fide had the 

pitter, violently charging the encmy*s left wing, which 

gave way and retreated •, and the horfe too fell in. to^n 

their witii tlTe foOt, whei^ they f^w them put into diibr-r 



» -. 


der. But the other wing, wfaea their commwders ^t^ 
^ered them to advii^cet fearing they might be exKonxr 
paiTedy being fewer in Dunilx;r than their advtr&fies^ 
fpread themfelves, and by that means fo weakened^tbor 
ranks in the middle^ thax they cogld not withftand 4he 
enemy, but fled at the firft onfet.. After their defeai^ 
the enemv immediately furrounded Brutus^ who pe;^ 
formed all that was poffible for an expert General ^d 
valiant foldier ; fiiowing in the greateft danger fuch Cou** 
f age and conduct as deferved to overcome. But that 
which gained him the vidory in the firft engagemenjC 
made him }ofe it in the fecond. (7)For in the firft 
fight, that parjc which was beaten was cut in pieces upoa 
the fpot % but in this, where Bruius broke through every 
thing that oppofed him, of ail the troops in C^^fius'^ 
4rmy, which were overthrown in the left wing, very 
few were flain, and jthejr who elcaped being ftill terri- 
fied with the firlt defeat fpread confufion and feaf 
through the reft of the armv. Here Marcus the fon qi 
Caio was flain fighting in tne midft of the nobleft and 
i>raveft of the youth. He would neither fly nor g^ve 
^und^ butftiil fighting and declaring who hqwas»^ 
and calling himfelf by his facher^s name, he fell upon a 
i^ap oi dead bodies of the enemy. Many others of 
the braveft men in the army who ran in and expofed 
themfelves to fave JSnr/tti were likewife flain at the fame 
time. Among the reft was one LuciliuSj a good man» 
and a friend qi Brutus. He feeing fome of the barba- 
rian faorfe taking no no^ce of any other in the purfnit^ 
i)uc riding at full fpeed towards J?nK/{y/, refolved to flop 
them, though with the hazard of his own life % aod bep 
ing left a little behind, he told them, that he w^ Bm-- 
tus. They believed lom the rather, becaufe he defired 
to be carried jto ^fiir^ipr, jpretending that he feared Cajar^ 
but could truft him. They overjoyed with their prey, 
<and thinking themfelves wondterfutly fortunate, carried 
him along with them in the night, havins firft ienC 
fome of their own party wilh'AB account of this gob^ 
ffws to Anifinf^ who was extremely pleafed whoi he 
^eardit, and went out to tneet tbemt All thercftiike* 

.-. : .1 "'^ -.0 4 ^ ISk 

wife, whcn.(bcy.|^?ard that 5r»/«i w^s takca »nd brougfct; 
aliV^i .flocked together to fee him ; ' fbme pityiog hi?* 
fortune, others accufing him of a meannefs u(\bcco^i-' 
iAg hjs* former glory, lo fufferirlg himfelf, fron^.afqadr 
pefs for life, to^ecome'a prey to barbarians, 

^ As they approacKed towards him Antony halted a littJC|, 
dnd cpnfidered with hitnfelf in what manner hj? fhoulcC 
Receive .Br«/«i. But Lucilius beinjg brought up to him, 
ivith great intrepidjity faid, Be ajjured^ Antony, that no 
enemy either has taken, or ercerjball take Marcijs Brutus. 
K fUve\ (forbid it ^ ye Gods, that fortune Jhould ever fo muck^ 
/^ frevail againft. virtue !) h/ft leLSffn^ he found, alive or dead,, 
fe will certainly he found infucB a Jlate as is worthy of him. 
As for me^ I am com^ hither by a . cheat which I put upon, 
your foldiers, and am ready, upon this occajion, to fuffer 
whatever torments you may, infliif. Lucilius having fpoken 
thus, all that heard him were greatly aftonifhed. 
' Then Antony, turning to thofe \«rho brought hjm, 
faid, • 1 perceive, my fellow-fqldiers^ that you ar^ dif- 
pleafed at having been thuf impofed upon by Lucilius., Bul^ 
lie affured that you have met with a booty better than that 
you fought; for you were in fearch of an enemy, but ycgi. 
"have brQught me here a friend. For indeed I am uncertain 
how I fhould have ufed Brutus,, if you had brought him 
fiiive; but of this I am fure, that it, is better to have fuck 
men as Lucilius ourfrien^s^ than our enemieji. Having 
faid this, he embracpd Z.«a7/W, aind,forthe prefentcom- 
ihitted him to the care of one of his friends, and ever 
after jEound ^^^ faithful and fteady to his intereft. 
^ ' Brutus having pafled a httlp brook encompafied with 
rbf,ks apd Ihaded with trees, and being overtaken by the 
night, went not far', but made a ftpp in a hollow place 
it the fopt of a great rock, with a few of his captains 
ajE^d frjei]ds ^bopt hini. There calling his eyes up tq 
heaven^" w^^^ at that timcfi^IIoT ftars, he re- 

peairf' two' verle^, one pf which,: as, r^to»i«j writes.. 

♦ .SH»i/k srfat h^^ ttf^-a^tbvr f(f. thft Uls, (8) 

• The 

Iti This' fine is iif the Me<lta of Empi^n. 
A'^- ^ (9)Thi? 


The oth^^ he faysp he had forgot^ Sooq: sifter, nam* 
ing feverally all his friends that had been (lain before 
his face in the battle, be fetched a deiep iigh^ efpecially 
at the qienpon ofFlavius and Laioj one of whom wa9 
)iis lieucehanc, and the other m^fter of his workmen. 
In (he mean time, one of his companions who was very 
thirfty, and faw Brutus Ui the fame condition, took his 
helmet^ and ran to the brook for water % when a noife 
being heard from the other Iide of the river, Volummus 
taking Dardanus, Brutus' % armour-bearer, with him, 
went out to fee what it was. They returned in a fhort 
time, and afked what was become of the water? Brutui 
very calmly fmiling, (aid to Volunmiusy It is all drunk^ 
but youjhall bavefom more fetched immediately. But ho 
who bad brought the firfl: water being fent again had 
like to have been taken by the enemy, from whom he 
lefcaped with much difficulty, and not without being 

Brutus conjecturing that he had not loft many of his 
men io the tight, Statyllius undertook to pafs through 
Jthc enemy (for there was no other way) and to fee whatr 
was become of their camp ; and promifed, that if he 
found all things there fafe, to hold up a torch for adg-* 
nal, and then return. Statyllius got fafe to the camp 
and hdd up the torch ; but not returning io foon as he 
was expected, Brutus faid. If Statyllius be aUve^ 'he wiH 
comeback. £ut it hap|)ened, that in his return he fell 
into the enemies hands, and was flain* The night now 
being fi^^r fpent, BrutUs^ as he was fitting, leaned his^ 
head towards his fervantC///«i, andwhifpered fomething 
to him. Gitus returned him no anfwer but fell a weep-v 
^ng. After th^t, he drew aHde his armour-bearer. 
Dardanusy and had fome difcourfe with him in private. 
At laft, fpeaking to Votumnius in Greeks he conjured himi 
by their common ftudies and purfuit of philofophy, to 
(ake Hold of bi$ fword and help him to give the thruft. 
Volummus refufed it, as did feveral others ; and one o£ 
them faying, ^bat there "u^as nojiaying'there^ but they needs 
fnuftfiy^ BrutuSf rifing up, faid, Tes indeed^ we mufi fiy^ 
j^ut not with our feety but with otfr haffds. Then taking ^ach 


df them by thrf^' band, with a chearfiil countenance litf 
feiid,' TBat ie found anif^nite fati^a^mintbis^ tbatnon^ 

' ^ Urfnendshadhenfalf^to bimy and that mfdr f$rtumi 
b^ was angiy with tbaty only for bis comtry^r f^e. jf^ 
fi^f^^*bifirfelf^ be ibougbt binba^ mucb more bappy tbcm tbey, 
4obff'bad'ovenom ymt only m refpUl of wbat'ooas fafii 
iut*en;en mhisfrefent condition i Jince be was now leavp^ 
tebimi*bimfacb a reputation for virtue^ as none of tbe eqn^ 
qugrvTi^ with hit their arms and riches^ would ever be able /# 
aop(ife'\ for ibey could not binder pefierity from believing 
imfarmgy that being unjuft and wicked men^ tbey bad de-^ 
Jlroyea im jaft' and the good^ to^ obtain an empire to wlAeh 
ifey bad no ri^bti After this, ' having exhorted and bc- 
fi)U^ht all about him to provide for their own fafety^ 
ke "withdrew fronn tHem with two or three only of hiit 
peculiar friends: Strato was one of thefe, with whom 
Ike had contradted an acquaintance when they both ftu-^ 
died rhetorick together. Him he placed neict to Mivci^ 
felf ^'' and taking hold of the hilt or his fword, and di^ 
/le&ing it with both his hands, he fell upon it, and 
killed himfelf. Some fay, that not he himfelf, but 
StratOy at the earneft entreaty of Brutus^ turning afidc 
his head, held the fword ; and that Brutus threw him- 
felf upon it with fo much violence that entering at his 
breaft it paffed quite through his body ; upon which he 
expired immediately. 

^ ■' Some time after this, Mejfala one ^ ofBrutus*s- friends 
and: conlpanions having ijiade his peace with Cd^ar^ 
6nc day when he found him at leifure prefented this 
Mtrdto to him, and with tears in his eyes, faid, Tbis, O 

u Casfar, is ihe man that did the lafi friendly fervice to my ber 
/jvft/ Bputiis. Upon which C^tfr received him kindly,^ 
andifoundi htm afterwards v^ry ufcful to him, particu- 
larly ae the battle oX ASiium^ where he ferved him among 
t;Jie rciJ: of tbe-vaUant Greeks. It is reported of Msffdla 
llimfeif, that' when C^f/'^r once gave him this commen-^ 
datioEy thttit though- he was his ficrccft enemy ^tPAf- 

Vi./. lippit 

(9) This was Nicolfiu^ DamU' aad an intimate frjen^i of >/«- 

Jitnus a perijpajffick yjiflofopher, gujius, Vx wrote an ufliverfj|t 

0'- \ ..' hiftory 

MA RGt^S- 8 RUT U S. M 

k^y ittthc.caofe of Brufusy yet he had (howed himfelf 
hm mofr zealous friend in the battle of ASKum ; he an- 
I 0vered) / hiive uhsap btcn\ C»far, tm the keft andjufteft i j 
\jide. When ^/^«y had found the bodjr oi Brutus^ he'^ 
0O¥niiianded the rkheft robe that he had to be thrown 
over it V snd aftefwands the robe being iboien, he found 
^ thief) and put him to death ; and then fent the alhei 
0ffimto/,sto his mother 5^w/w. As for Porcia ht» . 
wife, (gyNkaiaus the pbilofopher, and Valerius Msximus 
writCj that deftring to die, but bc^tng hindered by her 
friends, ^ho concinaalty watched her, (he fnacched 
fbme burning coals oiit of the fire, and (hutting then^ 
eloie in her mouth, ftifled herfelf, and died ; though' 
there Is yet extant a letter of Brutus to bis friends, w -^ 
tt^hich . he lamentsthe death of Porciu^ and upbraid*' ' 
them for negleding her (b, that Ihe defired to die, ra^' 
thcF than languifh under her difeafe. So that it feems 
Nicokus was miftaken in the time. For this epiftle (if 
indeed it is authenticlc) defcribes the difeafe, aa well at 
fhe conjugal aSedipn off^orcia^ and the manner of her 
death. ' 

■■ I ' f I. ' » " ; ' t ■ ■ ' . ■ ■''■ " ■ ■- .11^ 

• •' " . ... J 

U7)e Comparifon of D ion wtb Brutus. • 

\ MONG many things which claim our admira-* 
TjL tion in both thefe men, one of the chief is, tbar 
troth JnconGderable helps they attained to fpch great«f 
nefs ; and in this refpeft Di^» has the advantage : forhd 
had no partner, none to ihare the giory, 2^ Brutus had 
in Caffius^ <vho though he had not^indeed that reputa*^* 
tion for virtue and honour, yet was not inferior to him 
in aftivity, courage, and experience in war. Some im* 
pute to him the rife and beginning of the whole a6tion^ 
flying, that if it had not been for him Brutus would^ 
pever have engaged in it. Whereas J)ion feems not 


fiiftory ii^ a l^andred and fort^ bppkf, 

.' . ... ■ » ' 

. .tOWc 

iq5 r : Vbe Cortiparitfon af \ 

qply o^ bi^Di^lf to \\zyt provided arms, jQbips^ and foM 

diers^ ;but likewife friends and partners for the : ^ntefi^ 

{^rize. Neither did he, z% Brutus^ acquire from the) 

war any ftreogth ojr riches, butexpcBded his own fofw. 

tune, and employed that wealth on whiab* be was m^ 

fabfiit during his exile for the Ubeny of his country, 

$el4des, , ^rufus and Cajftus^ when they fied from Rom^^* 

knowing that they could live qo where in repofe ami 

%fe^y»:Nt that they ' w^re . condemned and purfucd^ 

were forced to have recourfe to war, and to take up^ 

^fni$,,and hazard their hye^, in their own defence^ and 

to favc; ihemfelves rather than their couptry. Ox\ the 

contrary, pion was more eafy and happy in his banilh«» 

^ent than the tyrant who banifhed him ; notwitbftandf^ 

ing which he voluntarily expofed himj(elf to the utmoib 

ganger that he might preferve Sikily. 

f Neither was it the fame thing to deliver the iS^;M«ri| 

from C^far^ and the Syracufans from Dii^n^Jms. for hft 

Qwned..himrelfa (yrant and harraf^d &Vi/jr with a thou^ 

ftnd fippreffions. Whereas C^^r,. whiift he wa&form¥ 

ing and eftablifhing his government was indeed at firfc 

injurious to thofe who oppofed him ; but as fooo as hd 

had got every thing in his power, it appeared that the 

tyranny was rather nominal than real, fince no cruiel or 

tyrannical a&ion could l^ charged upon him. On the 

contrary he made it evident that the neceflity of affkira 

requiring a monarch, providence had cominitted the 

cure of. the diftempers of the llate to him who was the 

ableft and gentleliphyfician. Accordingly the com- 

inon people immediately regretted his lofs, and were* 

^placably enragjsd againfl: thofe who killed him. On 

the CQt^rary, Dion was chiefly accufed and reproached 

t)y the citizens for having let Dionjffius efcape, and foy 

i^QXy having dug up the former tyrant's grave. 

. As to t;heir military exploits, Dion was a comniandef 

'>)^;Khout fault, improving to the utmoft thofe counfelft 

which he himfelf gave, and, where otliera failed, hap-» 

PUK, correding and repairing the error, Wbereaa 

jpr«/«j fhowed a weaknefs ofconduftin coming .to -Or 

(^cond engagement v^h^n ^11 was at fta{ce ^ and whpn he 

I) i o*N «ti^A *fi il u 1* tr s. tog 

Ihi^loft it he knew net how* to find any r^roiirce, biic 
glisw beartlcfs and difptrited^ and had not, like Pompey^ 
ciahe CQUtfage to n^akeihead againft fortune, chough hd 
hftd^fttU ground enough to rely on his troops, and bis 
floet made him abfolute mafter at Tea. 

The greateft reproach that is thrown upon Brutus is, 
that though he owed his own life to C^r's favoCtr, and 
^ad obtained from him the* pardon of all his fellow-prife-^ ^i 
tiers for whom he interceded, that though he was tveated 
hy him as a friend^ and received from- him* par ticulat 
marks of honour and efteetn, yet notwithftanding all 
&is he with his own hands aflfaffinated him. J^oihiog tikes 
this could be obje&ed againft Dion. On the contrary^ 
as he was jDitfir£/£iyj's relation and friend, he.aififted himi 
in his government^ aiid was ufeful to him ( but when he' 
was driven from his country, wxonged in his^i^fei and 
deprived of his eftace, he openly entered upon a war, iit 
itfelf both juft and honourable. 

But even this circumftance, if confidered in anothef 
tiew, will prove to the advantage of Bruius. ^ For thtf 
diief glory of both confifts in their hatred , of tyrants^ 
and abbcM'rence of their wickednef$. This was pure' 
and fincere in Brutus % for he had no private quarrel f 
WithCf/ir, but expofcd himfclf to danger, merely foi^ 
the liberty of his country. The other, had he not bcenf 
perfonally injured, had notfoughc. This is plain front 
PkUo*% epiikles, wherejt is fhown j that he did not forfakef 
the court, but was banifhed from it, and in eonfequence 
of bis expulfion made war upon Bi9tPit/m. Befides, the' 
confideration of the ptiblick good reconciled Brutus t(y 
P^mpgi and of an enemy made him a friend; and th^ 
fame* conlideration made him Ci^^r's enemy ; fo thathQ 
ftfopofed forhisemntcy and his friendfhip no other- mea* 
fure and rule but juftice. Dim was very ferviceable tQ 
J%'0i^i9ri whilft in favour s but ihe moment he was \\x 
difgrace he grew angry, and took up arms againft him; 
For which reaibn his friends were not ail of chtm fatil^ 
fied with his undertaking, &aring left having overcomf 
Di^r^Jius^ he might feize the government>iini$> his owii 
handsi and delude the people by Ibme milder, imd more 


( -r 

tr* ^e CMpanfin dp 

popular narrtfe than that of tyristnnf; - But as Tor ^iiiiii} 
Bfs vcfy enemies confefied that of alii thofe who^on^i 
fpircd againft C4f/2rr, he was the onlj perfon^ whofron* 
the beginning to the end had no other view than tiS^ 
reftore to the Romans their ancient form of gWc^n- 

Belide tbis^ the attempt againft 2)/V«2/$ie^i was by tib^ 
means equal to that againft Cf/^ira For of all thofe^ 
Who were familiarly converfant with Diotrifius^ there waa 
Hot one but defpifed him for fpending all his time in 
drinking, gaming, and debauchery. Whereas it was^ 
an argument of a fprric that was a ftranger to fear, to 
entertain fo much as a thought againft C^/nri and not 
to (land in awe of the great abilities and experience, the 
Vaft power and unparalleled good fortune of arman, the 
bare mention of whofe name Ihuck fuch terror into the 
kings of P^ir/A/tf znA India as perpetually difturbe'd their 
flumbers. Accordingly Dion no fooner appeared in Si^ 
tifyj but thbufands ran in to hith^ and joined him againft 
Dion)ifius\ whereas the renown oiC^efur^ even wherf 
dead, gav« heart to his friends : and his very name fo 
digniBed the perfon that aflfumed It, that from an m^ 
Jignificant boy he foon became the chief of the Romans i 
k being a kind of charm which he ufed againft the en*-' 
/ mity and the power of Antony. 

But if it be objedled, that it cod Dion great trouble and 
many difficulties to overcome the tyrant^ whereas Brutut 
flew Cafar naked and unprovided ; this flsows confum-s 
mate policy and condu6k in thofe who could contrive thae 
a man fo guarded and fortified Ihould be taken naked and 
unprovided. For it was not on a fudden^ nor alone^ 
nor with a few, that he fell upon and killed Cafnr \ but 
after the plot had been Jong concerted, aodx enftritfted 
to a great many perfons5 not . one of whom deceived 
him : for he either difcerned the beft meh at the iirft 
view, or by confiding in them, made them good^ 
Whereas Dion confided in men of ill principles % fo that 
he either chofe them injudicioufly, or elfc they grew 
worfe after he had engaged them becaufe he; did not 
know how to nfiake a right ufe of them \ neither of 
. \ . 5 which 

jrfjjdjfii^*bc ipm^m^ a wife f^mi' AGGor^tn^ 
Prlf^^lfiVfirtlf ceprpvffi him in bis :>Icaws fiw fB^ls^ipfl . 
t:^c?>,4>C fuch for hU^iFkndsy. as in ch^ end wen$-t}3l|} / 
i^uift:,flfbi5.cuin. . - ■ r -, ;? 

^ r^^Qoh^ np honours pajid him sifter K]^ deaths wbenfe-i 
us Brutus was. honourably buried eveln'by his tnc^i^ 
j^(tfO f ' ?^^ C^efar flowed of the publicH^^rl^ of )re^ 
fpie^.th^tfWerc fliowo him by, others^ t^ appears ijjl 
thc^ foiJpwiog inftaiicc« A ftatue of ^rUfOf h^ be<i^ 
tiredjt^^.^iMi^^ a town Jn G^/A? Ctfalpinai, Some (iipai 
afoer C^r . going through that piace, obferved dhis 
^atue» which was of excellent workm9i)Ihip» aad 
^oipglj^ .refembled the original; hethen paiftd on, but 
jpr^fently-ftoppingi he ifi the preleacepf nfiahy who ac-t 
comp^ipied him, called the magiftrates before hixn, and 
told them that their town bad broken the league^ and bar^ 
haurtd.cfu of Ms enemies. At firft*the magiftrates, as i( 
may.ealUy b^ Imagined, denied the fa^, and not know'-* 
log what he me^nt looked upon one aiH>ther with gre^t 
forprize. He then pointing to the ftatue, afked them 
with a a frown. Is not that my enemy who Jlmds there I 
At thefe. wprds the magiftrates being lUll more afto^ 
niihed ilood filent. But Cefur fmiling, oommendc^ v 
the G4«i!^ for their <:onftancy to their friet^ds, chough- ia \ 
adverfity^ and commanded that the iUtue fhould re*^ \ 
main where it was* 

* 4 


■.^.irf-^n. -t^i.^. ..>t..... .1. ik.. ...... ...^ ... ^ ^^ ' 1^ r 

. •' X- , ' ' ' » ; .• \ ' '7/ 

t Hi r ■ 

: ( 

• a > 

% t 

> 4. 



TH E firft of the Perfian kings who bore the 
name oi Artaxerxes was diftinguifhed above 
other princes for his goodnefs and magnani* 
mity, arid was furnamed LongimahuS^ becaufe his right 
hand was longer than his left. He was the fori of Xerxes. 
The fecond^ whofe life I am now writing, and who for 
his extraordinary menaory was^ ftiled Mnemoni was bis 
grandfon by his daughter P^ryy29//j. Darius had four 
fons by Paryfatis^ the eldeft Artaxerxes^ the next Cynis^ 
and two younger than thefe^ Ofianes and Oxatkres. Cyrus 


(i) We- ^re novr come to the work are of another kind, Wifi^g 
cad of all the parallel lives thatre- ooite diftinA from eatch other. 
v^^iaofPUiiarcL The four which rlufarek wrote inany others in 
folioWy an(^ conclude this great the fame tasinntr, viz. The lives 


rfecelved his rtamc ftom the ancient Cyrus ; and they fay 
that he had his name from the fun, which in the ferjian 
Jangiiage is called Cyrus. Artaxerxes was at firft called 
Arficas^ though D/Vr^/ fays his firft name '^z%Oart€St, 
But it is highly improbable that (i^ Ctejias (though 
otherwlfe he has filled his book with a Ndiedlcy of in* 
credible and fenfelefs fables) ihould be igborant of the 
name of the King, as he was phyficiai^o him, his 
wife, his mother, and children. | ^ 

Cyrm even from his infancy feemed to be of a violent 
and impetuous nature; Artaxerxes on the contrary ap* 
peared moderate and gentle in his difpofition and beha« 
vtQuf. He married a beautiful and virtuous woman 
with the oonfent of his parents \ but he kept her after-* 
wards a^dinft their inclination« For King Darius hav-* 
ing put her brother to death, was projefting how tode- 
ftroy her likewife. But Arficas interceded Tor her with 
hi^ mother,, and at lad by his tears perfuaded her to 
confent that his wife (hould neither be put to death, 
nor divorced from him. Howeve'r Cyrus was the 
Qiieen^s favourite fun, and him (he was defirous to fet- 
tle on the throne. Wherefore Dtfr/«i being taken dan-, 
geroufly ill» flie recalled her Ton from his government 
\x\Lydia\ and he returned to court, full of hopes, that 
by her means he (hoUld be declared his father's fuccef* 
for in the empire. ¥qv Paryfatis urged this^ fpecious ' 
plea in hisbdialf, which Xerxes by the advice of jD.-«Mr- ' 
r^^us had formerly made ufe of, tbatjhe bad brought f^th 
Arficas when her hufl>and was a futjeff^ but Cyrus "i&hen 
he was a King. Notwithftanding this (he could nQ| 
prevail with Darius \ fo th at the cldeft fon was dc* 
dared King under the name of Artaxerxes^ and Qyrus 
was confirmed in his government ai Lydia^ and the 
maritime provinces* 

Soon after the death c^Danu^^ the new King fer out 
from his capita) for the city of (3) Pafargadai in order 


i>( AugkpUst Tiici'ius, ^ff(f,' C^lf- {i) This O^as was boili 1^ 

guht, f^iteliiui, Hcrcutfi^ WfijJ^ Cmdos^ and wrote a hifiory of th€ 

Pindar^ Deiifhantui ^Xit Arifio^ Ferjian knd jfffyna» tiS^rs, 

jneMfs. - ^ (3) This city was &uilt by 

Vol. VI. H CjrM 

to be confecrated as King by the prlefts of Perjla.: {a tha( 
city is a temple of a Goddefs, who. prefxdcs over w^r, 
aipd who perhaps is the fame with Minerva. The perfoa 
who is to be confecratcd enters into this temple, wherg^ 
h^ divefts himfelf of his own robe, and puts on t;hat: 
which was worn by Cyrus the firft before he obtained, 
the crowq \ then he eats a lump of figs, chaws iomtk 
terpentine, and drinks a draught of four milk ; to which*, 
if any other rites are add^d, they are unknown to all, 
byt thofe who perform them. Juft as Artaxeroces w^s 
dlfpofing himfelf for the performance of this ceremqny. 
^jjiiphemes arrived, and brought with him a prieft,. wi>p 
h^d been preceptor to Cyrus in hiS; infancy,, had taught 
him the dodrine of the Magi^ and was more concerned 
than any when his pupil was excluded from the throne•^ 
For this reafon his veracity wasthe.lefs queftioned when 
h^ accufed Cyrus of having formed a defign to lie in wait 
fqr his brother in the temple, to fall upon him a3 Ivp 
was pulling off his robe, and airaflina^e him,. Some 
a^rmthat he was apprehended upon this .accuiationy.,: 
others that he had entered the temple, and was pointed . 
ou^;, thejce by the prieft, a^ he lay concealed. Bqp when, 
thfy. were, going topythim to death, his mother, clafp(;d 
him. in )ier arms, covered him with her hair, and joined 
his. neck clofe to her own, and by her lamentatipns^^ 
tt^T^y an^d entrefties, obtained his pardon, and got him 
I remanded back to his government. * But he was much 
di^isBed with his (ituation ther^,. and forgetting his 
brother's, mercy towards him, thought only of the affront- 
pup, upop him when he was taken prifpner, fo that hi^ 
reientment made him more eager tp obtain the kingdom 
thin, before. Some fay he revolted, from his bfoth^r, 
becaufe. he had not a revenue proportionable to the 
daily expence he was at in the fupport of his fan[>ijy. 
But this is abfurd. For had he had nothing elfe, yet 
he.had a mother who was ready to fupply him with 


CjF'**^ the Great, who graotedit of his vi6lo|ry. P/^/f^y c»Ils . it , 

m^hy-privileges, becaule in that Pafacarta, It is now called by the 

pfice he defeated j^JI'yages, ' and inhabitants Darabegartl^ and by 

acquired the ciown as tlie fiaic the Arabi Falafegardn 


A k TAX E RXE g* ii^ 

^atever he coald defire. Befides, what greater evt« 
dence can there be of his immenfe wealth, than the 
iicrmber of foreign troops, which, as We are informed ^ 
by Xtnofh§A^ he maint^ned in feveral parts by the means 
of his friends ? For the better to conceal his preparar 
ttonsv he did not keep his forces in one body, but had 
his emifiaries abroad, who under feveral pretences lifted 
foreigti (bldiers into his fenrice. In the mean timePii* - 
fyfatis^ ^ho refided conftantly at Court with the King her 
fbn, removed all his jealouHesi whilft Cytus on his part 
wrote in moft fubmiffive terms to Ariaxtrxes^ fometimea 
foliiciting hitli for fome favour, and at others recrimi<>> 
nating oh (4) Ti/apbemes^ iis if all his defigns werd 
agatnft him^ and he was the only objeA of his envy* 
Befides, there was a nittural dilatorinefs in the King^ 
which was mUbaken by many for clemency. And in- 
deed in the beginning of his reign he feemed to imitate 
the gentleAefs of the firft ArtaxerxeSy being kind and 
afikble to all who approached him, and liberal to pro- 
fufenefs in the diftribution of honours and rewards to the 
deiervingi and even the puniihments he inflifted Were 
never attended with reproach and infult. In the iht£r» 
couffe of gifts he feemed equally pleafed with thofe who 
offered them to him^' as with thofe who received them 
from him. When he gave« it was in the moft grace- 
ful and obliging manner^ nor was there any thing, ^ 
however inconfiderabk;, of^red to him, which he did | 
not kindly accept \ infomuch that when one Omifes had ;• 
prefented him with a pomegranate of a ver^ extraordi- 
nary Czc, £y Mithras, faid he, this man^ %x>ere he enirujled 
with i4y' would fom turn a fmall city into a great one. Ano- 1 
thep time when he was upon a journey, fome offered him J 
one thing, fonte another,; and a certain poor labourer^ / 
having got nothing in readinefs to prefent to him^ rari 
ttt^the river Ode, and taking up fome water in his hatids 
pref^nted him with that. Jrtaxerxes was fo well pleafed^ ' 


(4) He had taken from him This helped to Impofe Qpoiii/r/4< ! 
all the principal towns in his pro- xtrxest who believed the levies 
Vince of lonia^ except MiUius^ Cyrus was making were deiigned 
which he wa^ thea befieging. agalnft 7i/apbirniu 

H a (5) Xtnt* 


^ tecum* Wiitn iMcUdas the Lacediemoman bad faid m^firf 
^folciit things to him, he fetit him this meflage' by tb<^ 
Captain of his guards, ihmhafi likeriy to Jpeak Ufinf 
KMtg what ^beuwiUj but the King :bas it in his power not 
0»ly to fpak^ but do what be fleafes. One day as he 
wa6 hunting, ^iriia^stts (howed him a* large rent in his 
robe ; and when the King aflced him what he would ad'^ 
yifehim to do on that occaiton, heanfwered, Put oH 
AUatber^ and give me that \ It JhaUbefe^ faid the King; 
I give it tbee, but at the fame time cbarge thee never 't4 
%Kf(arit, Tiribazus paid no regard to this injun^ion,< 
(not that he was a had man,, but only limple and wrongs 
pleaded) but put it on immediately, and added beikleB 
fuch jewels and ornaments of gold as the queens of 
Perfia only. had a right to wear. J\I1 the court wene 
provoked at this infult, for it was expreisly contrai^y to 
. law; but the King only laughed at him, andtoid hinfy, 
A Thou baft ntf leave to wear tbo/e golden toys as a womani 
^ ^ and4be robeofjlate as a madman^ 

It had al w^y^ ,been t^he cuftom for none to fit down to 
eat with the King befide his mother and wife, fehe* for- 
Hier being placed above, the other below him y but 
^rtaxerxes invited alfo to bis table his two younger 
brothers, Offtanes ^nd Oxatbres. But the chariot of hit 
wif<i Statira prefented; the P^i0«r with the moil plealing 
^gbt, being always drawn with its curtains openrib 
|hat the wpn>en,ot the country were, allowed to falutc 
^XK^ approach , her. 1 hefc things endeared his govern- 
ment to the people. Yet fome bufy, fadious men, who 
A delighted in innovations, pretended that Cyrus^ being a 
man of agreatfpirit, an excellent warrior, and a gene- 
rous mailer, was in thoie circumftances more defirable, 
and that the Jargenefs of their empire abfolutely required 
a daring and ambitious Prince, Wherefore 'Oyr«j relying 
upon the difpofition the court was in towards him, as 
much as upon the good-wili of thofe in the maritime 
' provinces where he commanded, refolved upon the war. 
\ In the firrt place he wrote to the Lacedd:monianSy defiling 
/ \them to aflill him^ and to fupply him with fome fui- 

I d*crs. 

A R TA X E R X E S. ri; 

diera,^aiQurit^ them that to the fo6t tie wouM gt^^ htrks; 
Md to tbfc horfemtn chariots $ tha€ upon thoff who had 
fiArmS'ihe wooAd beflow viliages, and chat thofe who 
3mreiordsr:of villages (hould receive cities. To all this 
b^ added^that the pay Of the foldiers (hould not ba 
^^umedbUt meafured out to them.^ At the fame timd 
fpeaJcangi Tcrj extravagantly of htmfelf, he faid that 
he^had. a/greaterlbuU was a better pbilofopher, under^^ 
ftood^more of che-doftrines of the Magi^ and could drink ^^ 
and bear more wine than his brother -rfr/tfx^x^^. He ' 
iaid further that his brother was tinH>rous and efFemi-^ 
m»i that he could not fit fteadily on his horfe when 
h:aQd»f^^ nor in his chariot when in a^on. The Lace^ 
4Utmma$Ur upon reading his letters, fent zScyfak to 
Ckanbus^ o(^mmandiiig hinfi to pay an abfolute obe- 
dience to«Q)Tiri*s orders. Cyrus therefore marched againft 
the/Kingi> having under bis condu£l a numerous army 
of-bai^barians, and but Kttle lefs than thrfceen thoufand 
ilipADdiary Grecians. He fometimes aOigned onecaufe, 
and fometimes another tor his expedition. Yet the true 
l^aifon lay m>t long concealed, for ^ifapbemes "^tnt to 
tliciKing iff peribn to declare it. This occafioned a great 
ludiuUrin: the court j Paryfatii bore the cMef blame of 
ih^ Oflterprize^ and all her friends were fufped:ed and 
aocufedi fiottheperfon who gave her the moftuneafl* 
Qcfa was Stathruy who being deeply affli^ed at this wai^ 
died ottt, adhere now ate your prvmifes ? Habere are you^ \ 
tntenceffiom^ by wbkk having faved him wbd aPttmptei "-^ 
tbt.:bfe of his brcAer^ you have kindled this war^ and 
fdnnged usiinte futb calamities? ParyfatU^ who was natii- 
rally vibljaat in her anger and implababiy revengefuJ, fo 
hated;&i/iy:tf for thefe exprcffions, that (he contrived to- 
defti^y hcR Di«i?»rfye hiftorian cells us that her defign' 
was sffMecuted daring the war i but Ctejtas affirms that rt 
was fom« time after j ainditisf not- likely that he Ihoiild 
be igaotaBC-of thift, as" he was an eye-witnefs of evdry 
tiring that paffcd at that court ; nor had he any reafon 
to. iaifify in rtlating the time when this happened; 
though upon other occafions he frequently fwerves from 
the truth and fills his. h^ftory widi the moft iarbuious 
.... H 3 and 

1 1« fbe LTT E 0/ 

gttid extravagant accouats* I fhali tberdfore idaCc this 
|n the order in which he !^as placed it. 
•^ While Cyrus was upoA his march, tidings were brcMOj^t 
him from all parts that the King was not in faaftr to 
come to adion, but determined to wait in the heart ef 
Perfia^ till his forces were colle&ed from all parts of his 
dominions. And though he had caufed a tnench to ^ 
dug acrofs the flat country ten hthom wide and as many 
deep (5), and extending in length four hundred fuiv 
longs, yet he fuffered Cyrus to pafs it, and to continue 
his march towards BubyUm. We are told that Tiriiazus 
wais the firft who ventured to reprefent to him that he 
ought not to diecline a battle, i>or to abandon Adir^iT) 
fiaiyloHi and Su/dj and hide himfelf in Perjia^ fmce be 
had an army far more numerous than that of the ene- 
|ny, and ten thoufand SatrMpa^ and other officers, all of 
(hem fuperior toOyn/jr both in courage and copdu&. 
; Thefe words made the King refolve upon fighting ; 
^nd on a fiidden he appeared at the head of an army of 
nine hundred thoufand men, all welUdifcipUned and 
prepared for a^ian. This extremely ftarcled and fur- 
prized the rebels, who had fuch a confidence in them-r 
felves and cooteinpt of their enemies, that they marched 
in gpeat confufion and even without their arms \ and it 
was'withgreat difficulty that Cyrus could draw them upin 
order of battle, which however was at laft executed, 
though in a very noify and tumultuous manner. The 
fCingin the mean time led on his men ieifurely, and in 
great filence. This fight very much furprized the Gre^ 
((ianSi who expeded to have foynd nothing but diforder 
gnd confufion in fo great a multitude, and to have feen, 
them furioufly fpringing forward with lirange and hi* 
deous outcries. ArtMcerxes very judicioufly covered the 
front of his phalanx which was op)po(tte to the Grecians 
with the ftrongeit of his armed chariots, that by the 
fiercenefs of their onfctthey might cut down their ranks. 
li),efore they came to clof^ combat. 



* (5> Xhiifbcm feys that this and three deep. 
'^ ^r^aidi , WM - fiy^ fathom wi4c (6) As niD writer mentions th^ 


A R TA XERX E S. «^ 

Many hiflorians have given us a defcription of this 

adjon, but no one with fo much forct ^Xemffb^ who 
almoft reprcfents it before our eyes, and defcribcs it — ' 
with fuch clearnefs, that the reader is asfenfibly affedcd 
as if he himfelf was engaged, and fliared in the danger. . 
It muft therefore be the utmoft folly to attempt a narra<- 
rion of it after him ; fo that I (hall content myfelf with 
relating ibme particulars worthy to be mentioned, which 
he has foigotcen or omitted. The place in which the 
two armies engaged was called Cunaxay and was about f 
five hundred furlongs diftant from Babylon. A little 
before the fight Clearcbus adrifcd Cyrus not to expoiie his 
perlbn, but retire behind the MaciJonians (6)^ upon 
which Cyrus is faid to have replied, IFbat advice is Ms 
tbougiveft me, Clearcbus? MuJH^ at the fame time that ^ 
lam aiming at the kingdom, Jbow myfelf unworthy of it ? ] 

Cyrus committed a great error in rulhing headlong 
into the midft of danger without any precaution ; and 
Clearcbus was guilty of another as great, if not greater, 
when inftead of drawing up his Grecians againft the main 
body of the enemy where the King ftood, he joined his 
right wing to the river for fear of being furrounded. 
For if he had nothing elfe in view but his own fafety, 
and was principally concerned not to receive any hurt ' 
himfelf, he ought to have kept at home. But atter a 
march of ten thouTand furlongs from the Tea to the 
plains oi Babylon, which he had voluntarily undertaken 
only that he might fettle Cyrus on the throne, now to 
draw up his men, not in a place where he might be 
able to defend his General whofe pay he received, but 
where he might engage at eafe, and with fafety, was to 
aft like one who was fo fhockedat the fenfe of the pre*- 
fent danger as to' abandon all concern about the main 
enterpria, and forget, the very end and defign of his 
expedition. For it is certain from the event that none 
of thofe who were pofted near the King's perfon would 
have ftood the Grecians if they had charged them •, and 


Macedonians as being concerned ture that we ihould retd Lat^d^^ 
in this expedition, loxne cofljoc- momans^ » 

H4 W^ifi^ 

- mt L. 1 F B 'if ? A 


if iii4^ h^ bfien broken, anddiqKiog^joid&bt/fi^^iM^' 
put'tQ 3ighr» QfTUs mu& have ;beea conqiifiror^ iand ^m^^ 
viapry would have procured him.ahc orbwnd L^lyid^ 
tberefcnre Cleur^hfa h more to he comifimaed iocjhiA daW^ 
tion, which proved the deftru£fcion of Gj^j, i:^a9TlQiri«r> 
bimfelf for his ra(hnefs. For if the King himfelf jiad^ 
been to make choke of a plaoB &r theGrvri^s^ i^htfe. 
it would be Jeaft in their power to hurt him^ .ke oojaid 
nbt have chofen Qne itoore proper than that ^hkh Mas 
at fuch a dittance from him and imm that part of ^e . 
army where he fpught, that he knew not of the defcati\ 
erf his own troops, near the livex^^^ktid Cyrus fcU before* 
he could receive any benefit from die viiftory oiClemcibtUh 
Cyrus indeed; before the battle knew very well what 
meafares were proper to be taken^ and accordingly. or<? 
dere^ Clearcbus ip charge in the centrei, where the King 

^iiras pofted; hut Ciearcbus ruined ail, though be bad 
aiTured him that, be would do every thing for tite bedv 
For thtGre(fd»s io0n overthrew die barbarian* wijht 
whom they.engagedy and pur fued them a great way.* 
^^^ being mounrtd on a headftrong unruly horfecaliedh 
JP^yi^/, was.met, z&Otfias relates it, by /irtagenfesG^^^ 
neraiof xh^Cadufians^ who feeing him ai a diftance ga1»" 
loped up to him, crying aloud^ O thoumojl wicked (Ufd* 
Jknjilefs wrelcb^ wba art a reprmcb /« the name ^/Cyru$,j 
tbt moft ai^t^and bcmourakie of all nam$s ammg iht Peri^- 
Hans'; thou hafi engaged thtfe Wi^ Grecians in ^ fatal ex^ 
pdiHoHy prom^ng them the plunder of thy country^ and hp- 
uig to defiroy thy fovereign and brother^ who has millions of, 
fervants about biminf^re valiant than tbyf§lf as thou fbalt 
fooHfind\ for here 'fialtibou this infianikfe thy hiad^ be fere 
thou hafi fo much as beheld the face of the King. At thefe 
Hodds he threw his javelin at him .with all his force; 
but it made no impreffion upon his armour; however 
the violence of the blow was fo great that it made him 
ftagj^r as he fat on his horfe : but as Artagerjes wa3 
lUming his horfe about C^mi aimed his javelin at him 
.( fo 

{j).^^afktrnn.Vi^os\t of th« Jrfaxerxfs ^ perhaps there migirt 
principal officers in the army of t^e anothisr of ch^ facie nanie nn^ 

A RTA^X E R XE S. ijin 

foifiicdcCtfudlyiftliac le pierced his neck neaf che c^Har* '« 
buiik.i ii T]3m idrtagir/es vfu A^in by O^rw is acknow^^^ 
l^gbd by almoft all the ihiftorians. But as for thf ' 
dciidi d£ Cyrtti, finccJIfm^^ii fays veryltctieofic, be^<^ 
ctttrie'he utas not upon the fpoc when it happened^ it ^ 
imilinot'be amifs to relate bene the inaf^ner of it as ic iffi ^ 
repmftnted by Drndn^ and then fubjoin che account of) 
ii'di MTcfind it inCr^^. ^ 

iBiwm tells us that immediately u>p(m<the death of < 
jit^girfts^ CyrM having violently attacked the vafn^ 
giiiardof Artaxerxes^ wounded his horfe, and difmounted 
ivm% 'b\& fTmbazm inomediately mounted him on ano« 
ther horfe^ andfaidto him, $ir^ remmber this day^ which: 
cn^b^ mver to be forgatten. Cvrtis attacked the King a 
fecond^doifl,. and again difmounted him: but at the 
third'chargc the ^ingrfull of indignation faid to fome 
lehowere^nearhim^ I ha i better die than fufer th's \ and 
making up to Cyrux^ wlio was blindly lufliing into a 
ihover<.of the encmy^s darts, he wounded him with his 
ja^eWit'at the fame time that , he was aiTauUed from every^ 
quincen Thus fell Cyrus, as fome fay, by the blow he 
received frjm the King; but according to others, he 
wiss (lain by a CortM foldier, to whom the King in ret, 
compence. of that action granted the privilj^ge of bear* 
iig a golden cock on the point of his fpear at che head 
ot the army: FortheP^<?»j ealJ thcC^n^^j cocks, 
becaufe of the crefts with which they adorn their helmets, 
Ctefias\ account, which I have coniid^irrably abridged 
is this. After Qt^j had flain Atlagerfess he rode up to* y: 
wards the King, and the King advanced to meet him, ^ 
neither of them fpeakinga word, Arism, a friend of 
Cyrus^ firft attacked the King, without wounding him; 
Th«n tfae* King threw his javelin at Cynts\ but it mi-flcd 
him, and killed (7) Tifapbernes a brav«:man and faiths 
fill fervant of Cyrus, Upon this Cyrus direded his ja- 
velin againft his brother i the •v/ea|X)a .pierced hisoiii- 
rafs, entered two fingers deep into his breall, and made 


der Cyruu But a certain mavufcripc reads $atipbemtf kt^^iA ef Tija» 

122 Tie t tW E cf/" 

him tumble from ofF bis horfe. Thig trnifiaJK ins 
troops, who immediately fled. The King as< loon. at iie 
recovered from his fall, retired t(^1th a few of bis fioUaw- 
ers, a mong jv hom was Ctefias^ to a little hill oot fair oS^ 
-whefTKTi^pcac^tlltlfflHf;^ horfe bdaghigh 

mettled, carried him a great way into the raidft of his 
enemies, the approaching hight rendering, it difficult iw 
them to know him, or his followers to find him. How- 
ever being flufhed with vidfcory, and withal naturally 
bold and violent, he pafled through' them, crying ou^ 
in the Perjian language, Abke way^ ytftaves. A% he 
repeated thefe words many times^ moft of them iude 
way for him out of refpedh But his tiara happening to 
fall from his head, a young Pirfian nuntd ASiibridaits 
who was running by, wounded him with his javelin in 
the temple near his eye, without knowing who he wais. 
His wound bled fo fafl: that he Was immediatsly feized 
with a dizzinefs, and fell in a fwoon from his horfe^ 
which having loft his rider Yan up and.dofwnthe field 
at large ; but a perfon belonging to him who had 
wounded Cyr/x^, found the furniture upon the ground, 
and took it up all ftained with blood. 

Whien Cyrus began to recover from his fit, the few 
eunuchs who at^nded him endeavoured to mount him 
upon another horfe, and fo to convey him fafe away^ but 
finding himfelfin no condition to get on horfeback^ he 
thought it better to walk, whilft his eunuchs taking 
him by each arm fupported. him. His head was ftiil 
ftunned with the blow, and he ftaggered at every ftep 
he took. However he imagined himfelf vii5torious, as 
he heard the fugitives from every fide calling Oyrnj King, 
and crying out for quarter. 

In the medn time fome Cauntans^ a miferable cjrew 
who followed the royal army, where they gained a live- 

(8) The Perjsan monarchs had formed him of whatever they 

a fet of miniftcrs, who were called heard. Anftotlt fpeaks of this 

\tbe eyes 9f thi King, and whofe in the fixteenth chap, of the third 

bufmefs it was to report to him book of his politicks. // is aB- 

tvh&tever they faw in his domtni- /urd9 faya he, to think that om man 

ons ; and others were called thi tan- jet more with two eyes^ jjtar 

fan rfthi King, becaufe they in- more with two ears, and do snore 



|3i6od from the meaneft ettiployments, happened to 
•mix with thofe M»ho were^ attending tyrus^ thinking 
them dieir friends, ' But having at lafl perceived the 
vcd cloathing which his foldiers wore, they found 
icbey were got among their enemies ; for the King's foK 
^ers wore white. Oiie of thefe had the boldnefs to 
jlrike him with his fpear behind, without knowing who 
he was. The weapon piercing his ham cut the (inew, 
fo that hefrll down immediately, and in his fall dafhing < 
.his wounded temple againil a ftone, expired that mo- y\ 
;meAt. This is Cufias^s account, wherein he feems to 
t A^iick Cyrus to death with a blunt knife, and to have \ 
I ^much ado to kill him at laft. / 

L . » Cyrus was juft expired vfhcn Artajyras^ who was called 
(%) the eye ff the King^ paiTed that way on horfeback. 
yiz knew the eunuchs ; and feeing them weeping and 
Janienting, he addrefled himfelf to him whom he took 
to be the moft faithful to his mailer, and faid, Tell me, 
Parifcas, cfuer wbo/e bodf art thou thus lametiting? O 
jtrtafyrasy replied the eunuch, fee you not that Cyrus is 
4eadf ^tajyras was greatly furprized; and having 
fpokento the eunuch in a kind and encouraging manner, 
416 bid him take careof the corpfe, and immediately rode 
^11 fpeed to Artaxerxesy who began to think his affairs * 
in a defperate condition, and was ready to faint with 
thirft as well as from the anguifh of his wound, when 
Artafyras came up, and with an air of triumph told him 
that he had fcenC>r«j dead. The King at firft was im- 
patient to fee the dead body himfelf, and accordingly 
commanded Artafyras to conduft him to ir. But when 
be obferved a general confternation fpread around, and 
it was credibly reported that the Grecians had prevailed 
■on their fide, that they were in purfuit of ihofe who fled, 
and put all to the fwprd, he^ refolved to fend out a 


Wthifwa JfSmJs4niJ tamofiti than they find <ivell affeSled to their pei^ 

.»iany mentoMtbgr, For this rtaftm fins^ and their <vuntry^ SiC* Arifto- 

njce find tio/e monarch $ pron;iae , f bancs xidvcvlc^t\ii%Vii^ of the fye 

themfel'ves nvith manj /yes, many pf the King^ in .hia Atharnenjesy 

$ars^ many feet^ and many hands. Aft, I . S^. ii, ^nd ili^ 

'Wd »Jf^«te f them thefi ^bm * 

(9) Xene- 


124 Ti&f L IF. R tf 

ftronger party ,to enquire info the truth of what 4r^^z 

ras hdid told him. Accordingly thirty men went nifuli 
torches in their hands fpr that purpofe. In the ni^ft9 
time he being a) mod expiring for w^nt of fomethipg t9, 
a^llay his third, Satibarzanes o^e of his. eunuchs r^oup^ 
and down in fearch of water -,. for the place whi^fe they, 
were afforded none, and they were at a great diftaocc 
from their camp. After a long fearch he at laftjucl^ily 
h^et with one of thofe poor Caunian (laves, who hadio % 
dirty leathern bottle about four pints pf foul (linking 
water ; this he took and carried to t;heKing, whodran^ 
it all up. The eunuch afted him, // ke did not find u,^ 
naujeous potion \ but the King fwpre ;by the Gods, . ^^^41 
no wine J nor the purefl water was ever Jo pleafanl to bim^ 
And if ^ faid he, IJhould not be able to find the man wb0 
gave it thee, and reward him^ I pray fhe Gods to pake him 
rich and profperous. No fooner had he faid this, but his 
thirty meflfengers arrived with joy and triumph in thj?jr, 
looks, bringing him the tidings of his unexpeded good. 
fortune^ And now being encouraged by the great nutn-. 
ber of his Toldiers who flocked to hiii?, he defcendedl, 
into the plain by the light of an infinite number of flanpi- 
bcaux. As foon as he was come to the place where 
the corpfe of his brother lay, and the right hand and 
head were cut off according to the law of tht Perfians^ he 
commanded the head to be brought to him j and hold- 
ing it by the hair, which was long and bufhy, he fhowed 
it to his men, who were ftiU wavering and flying. They 
were all aftonifhed at the fight, and paid him their 
adorations. He now in a very fhort time coileded 
about him a body offeventy thpufand men, and re- 
turned with them to the camp. . ^ , 
C/^/i^J writes thu Jrtaxerxes had not Jn that engage- 
ment above four hundred thoufand m.en.i .But,Dimn 
and Xenopbon xniikc the number much greatier. As. to 
the nurnber of the flain, Ctejias faya th^at the accoMnW 
given in of therij to the King made them amount to 
no more than nine thoufand, though they appeared to. 
htrh'to'be no lefs than twenty j but this arude is ful?- 
jtrft to COntroverfy. That which Qg/^J^adds, tiiat he 
: * was 


—- -1 

A R TAXE R J(?E S. iii 

V^^.^ntTby the King with PBayllus iht Zagntbian^ an4 i 
^M others, to the Grecians^ is a notorious falfity. For '^ 
Xinopb'on knew very well that C/^«J was in the ICiog*a 
Itfvf^iei for he mentions him, and plainly appears to 
Kive^ffcad his hiftory. It is not therefore likely that if 
Ctyias had been fent to the Greeks on the part of thff 
King, and had been employed in fo important a fer-» 
Vite, Xenopbon would have omitted his name any more 
diSn that ofPb^dus. But Oejias (as it is evident) be-* ^A 
Ki^ ftfangcly vain -glorious, and a great, favourer of the 
Lac^damonians and Clearcbus^ never falls in his narra-; 
tivt ito a'flume to himfcif fome province which gives him 
ih opportunity of fpeaking many things to the advan- 
tage of Clearcbus and Lace(Umon. 
* yyrhen the battle was over, Artaxerxes fent many mag- 
liTficerit prefents to the fon of Artagerfes who had been 
tbL^xi^y Cyrus. He conferred likewife high honours 
upbri Cttfias and others \ and having found out the, 
Otunran^ who gave him the bottle of water, he madc^ -^ 
him 6f a poor obfcure man a perlbn of great wealth and 
dignity. As for the punifliments he inflidled upon de- 
linquents, there was a kind of harmony betwixt thenv; 
and the c5rirfxes. He ordered that one Arbaces a Mede^^ 
who during the figKt had deferted to Cyrus, and afterv 
hisf death returned back to his poft in the army, (hould^ 
take up a whore ftark naked, and carry her upon his 
(boulders a whole day about the market-place, therein- 
condemning him for cowardice and effeminacy, rathec 
than* for treafon and malignity. Another, befide hav- 
ing deferted, falfly pretended that he had killed two of 
the enemy : whereupon the King ordered his tongue to ^ 
be bored through with three awls. 
*' As^ he verily believed that he had flain Cyrus 
hisbwn hand, and was dcfnoas that all the world /bould 
Bdieve a'nd fay fo too, he fent very rich prefents to 
Miibridaies^ who firft wounded him, and ordered thofe 
by whom they were fent ro tell him, Tbe King has ho- 
noured thee "xitb tbefe prefents, becaufe wben thou baafi 
found tbe trappings belonging to tbe borfe of Cyrus, tbou, 
brougbte/i tbem to btm. And when lYit Carian, who gave 



T^6 Tfc LIFE vf 

Cyrus that wound in the h^m, which knmediateiy ctc^t** 
fioned his death, fued likewife for his reward, the King 

f ranted it, and comnianded thofe who carried it to 
im to fay in his name. The King makes thee a prefint 
ef this for being tbefecond mejfenger of the good ntws\ f^ 
Artafyras was tbejirft who brought him an account of t hi 
death of Cyrus, and thou the fecond. As for Amhri'^ 
datesj he retired in <iifcontent and filence. But the un-^ 
fortunate Carian by an indifcretion common id weak 
minds fufFeripg himfejf to be fo tranfported by the rich 
prefents he had received, as to form more afpiring 
wifhes and aim. at honours far above him, was noi 
content to take the gifts as a recompence for his good 
news, but giving way to his ill humour, lotyily ex-* 

X claimed and protefted that he, and only he, had killed 
Ofrus^ and complained of the great injuilice the King 
<fid him in. depriving him of the glory. The King be- 
ing informed of this, was fo highly exafperated, tba( 
he ordered him to be beheaded. The Queen mother 
happening to be prefent at that time, faid. Do not dip 
charge this vile Carian upon fuch eafy terms ; but leave i§: 
to me to infliS fuch a punijhment as his infolence defervesj. 
When the King had delivered him up to Paryfatis^ 
Ihe charged the executioners to feize him and it retch 
^Y him upon the rack for ten days, then to pluck out 
"^ his eyes, and drop melted brafs iqto his ears till he ex-* 

M/MW^/^x alfo within a (hort tiinc after miferably 
perifhcd by his own folly. For being invited to a feali 
where the eunuchs of the King and the Queen mother 
were prefent, he came dreflcd in the rob? and other orna-t 
ments with which the King had prefented him< When 
they were at table* and began to.grow warm with wine» 
Paryjatis^^ chief eunuch faid, jib! Mithridates, how 
beautiful is this robe I how. fine thofe chains and braeiehtsh 
and how magnificent is thaifcimetar I How happy has tb$ 
King made thee! Thou art the admiration and ewvy of 
all that fee thee. MithridateSy who was already drunk, 
replied. What fignify thefe^ Sparamixes? I that day per'^ 
formed fervice which deferv^d much more valuakle and mag^ 



A RTAXER X'E S. ii^ 

^9nt ftefm^ At tfacfe l words S^rsmUfes fmiling 
^id,. ii-rffe. mfijpeak tih thee out $f envy^ g^oi Mithriri 
4^te$» butjitmy as, tbt Greeks faj, in wine there isi 
^XHfkuci, ht m ^fi tke fnelyy Was it fucb a magn^eeni^ i 
^pHt ,i^ find tke trappngSi ef CyrusV horfsy and tanf ^ 
i]liemy4i\^J3i§.King? T^s.he fald not becaufe he was ig-i 
nprat^tf of the iruth, but that be might provpke him ta 
fpQ^k t)ift mind before witaefies. Accordingly this ctr> 
P^o^h irritated the vantty of the miio, who was now 
Ilkewife rendered m^^^ talkative and xaih than ufual bjrr 
liie wine he had drunks wherefore being no bngcJr 
mafter of his tongue^ he replied, Tm may talk whai}( 
ygu pleafe of hrfe trafpng^^ andjkch mnfenfe^ hut I tell 
yoMplainkf that, by this hami. Cyrus fell. For I did noi 
Jhvm a. random dart at Hm^ tike Artagerfes, but Jlruek 
him. with mf. Javelin near tke eye in bis temple^ and thai 
withfif Much force ^ that it. perpetrated it^ his head, fa 
ihat I brought him to the ground, and of that Jingle wound 
he, died. AH who were. at tabk forefaw the uhfortunate 
ileftiny of Mitbridates, . and tuirned their eyes upon the 
ground I but he who gave the entertainment faid to 
him. Come, Michridates>. kt us now eat and drinks and 
Jet.Ks. ad^re the fortune of the Kingi without meddling with 
jKwt4 .fi^bich are fo far 

SoQfX. after the eunuch wei;it,and acquainted P^ryy^/iJ 
with jail that had pafled, and fhe informed the King,* 
who was exceedingly enraged at it, as having the lye 
given turn, and being -deprived, of the moft glorious 
and delightful x:ircumi3!ance of his victory. For it was 
his ambition to have all men, hot\i Greeks and barbae 
rians. believe, that in the feveral attacks which were 
made upon him by his brother, he had been (lighdigr* 
wounded by Cyttus^ and that in return be^had wounded 
him tpfPirtai^y.- H^ therefore ordered th^t Mitbridates 
^Quidv^dieLby the punifhment of the EaaJ^ ..This is in- ^ 
fl«^di after the. following /manner. They take two i 
bpatjs which fit each other exadlly. In one of thefe they ' 
pl^ethe criminal on< his back, and cover it with the 
^tber in fuch a manner that only the head, the hands,' 
and the to^ appear without, the reft of the body be- 
V . • ing 





I ing^ entirely cdveted up. Ift Ab ieandiiteii .^fef o^ 
1 bim food) and if herefafes to em ehcy force bkn to ic^ 
I bf running needks into his eyes. When be has ferf 
/ they drench hinn with a mixture of milk and- honey r 
I this they pour likewife upon his face, which they kse^- 
I ttirned to the fun, that he may have it always in hir 
I ofeSi By this means his countenance is covered atlf 
caetr with flies J and aS'he is forced to makeAicb di(^ 
charges wkhW), which they who eat and diink are of. 
niecefficy fubj^ to, great plenty of vermin fpring ou^ 
of the corropcion of his excrements, and thefe gnaw, 
his flefh, and penecrate to his very bowels. As foon as 
it appears that he is dead, they take off the uppermod. 
boat and find his fie(h devoured, and fwarms of thole 
noifome creatures ftill preying upon, and, as it wore, 
I growing CO his inwards. AtiiirUaies languiihcd undti^ 
f tf)is punifhment for ferenteen days together, and then 

The only perfon remaining who was to feel the vert-' 
^anc« of Paryfiuis was Mef^atesy one of the KingV 
eunuchs, who had cut off the head and* bana of* 
Cyrus* But bt being fo circumfped in his iiehaviour 
that he gave her no advantage againft him, fhe framed* 
the following fnare to imrap him. She was a.vvery. 
iftgenious wioman in other reipe£ls, but efpecialiy 
fkiiful in playing at dice v and before the warihe had' 
dten played with the King, as fhe did likewife after ^ 
it was concluded; and as foon as fhe was received into< 
tavour^ fhe join^ in almofl all his parties of pieafure, 
was admittec into the fecrets of bis amours, and waS' 
ferviceable to him with his miflrefles. In a word,.nie 
was as little out of his fight as pofiible, and very felr 
dam fufFered him to be atone with Siarira \ for ihe mor« 
tally hated her, and was ambitious of being always firft 
iahcr fon's favosir. . 
f One day tbeiielbre when fhe found the King at ki* 


(9> Xin9fhmk ill. his eleventk gmng to the tent of ^ififbtrmu t 
hook relates aciarge ail th^tTf^- atfMuicd by four of his principal 
fed at the interview between C/r>. officers and twenty captaiaSf h« . 
archm and Ti/apbemei, Clearchus * and the officers were called in» and 


fiM^ #Mrpa0f«i94 iQ^ri^ at.diiie «^i^ him ioi? % th^^u^^ 
iami.AMJ^/* T^&iilg conieactog, fli« fuiSsred hioi to 
%m,t4uaclr paid the rnomjfi ^u(. pref^o^dl^ to be coftn 
«apwMi(far li«r liafi, tflie fri^ jii/D to begia a oeit 
gane, and ^o&aed a>.pla)r wit^ hin> for an eunactij^ k^ 
iilii9i» hit<^^o»pli(^^ with- ^er. ^ It m^ agreed b^weea 
(bctxi^ tiiatcach of chem mighc cx€ap( 6ve of the moQi 
faithful ^unuchSf aiid thac m^ oi th^ reil tht lofek 
^houM: yield -up any the winMr (hould choofe*: UfMcm 
theSt condicions they plafed. : fieing< .^ager uppa hec 
de^A> 3nd very accencive-^o bisr game, and (be dico 
runiting luckily for htr, ihe won» and pitched upoii 
AlfffoikH^^ who wafriioipm ihCinuipfibcir of thefive tb^c 
b^d been eicceplcd. As fooa a» (he had got j^4 
power, before the King had. the le^ Xufpiciou of. the 
vengeance (he defigned,- (hi| delivered hin^ up/to thQ 
f »cuti0(iierv and cumtaanded (hem to He^ him ^a^vf > tq 
fix his body upb.n three (takes, and to ftrecchout his-Ikin 
feperaeely from it. When the King canne^p be, informed 
ot. whiit (he had done he was highly incepfedi but , (ho 
Mrkhoacthe leaft concefn turnefi it into a jeft, and fai4 
to binv laughing, Tki^ is pleafaiU indeed^ to he thus cpu-^ 
^irntd for t^ forty oli^mmch^ wb^ /, after I bad kft 4 
tbaufand Darici, paid thim r^thout makifig any coti^luint* 
Arta9C0rx€9 was very miuch concerned, and vexed to Iiii4 
himieiffo over-breached by her j however he took no 
fuftber 'notice of- it. .^\xt JSt^tira^ who upon other 
jiccoums' openly oppofed her^ particularly refented 
her cruelty and iajviftice. in d^roying for the fake of 
Gyrus thff King's eunuchs and moft.&ichful fervants* 

(9) ' Whro 'tifafh^mesj in breach of tbp mofl folepHi 
Oathsy bad ftiz^d GlearckHs and the 4^ther Qremn lead-* 
ers» and fent thsm in irons to the King, Ctefias cell^ us« 
that C/ir^mriiA/rrequeited of hitn tp procure a comb fof* 
hirn^ which when \\^ had obtained and uted, he waa i^ 
pleafed with it that in nsturn he prcfemed him with 4 

theft fe»i|ed } bat the twenty Oip^ mtn^ Clearehki^ aii4 all tie hvi 
UiiM Were cot to pieces. Some officers> except NuMtf to l»e bf 
lijoe afterwards tb« King com* heade4« 

13* ^m t^Jirm y -^ 

ring, riiat if ever kfc had odtnAmtio^jf^coi^te^ 
might produce itiK^^llidiFktndsteid teiatbns^ ar>a token 
of the great frieiidflii^ aiid'iierpcft he had <br him; and he 
&jr9thatthe ficulpture oa the HoM-reprefented the danee 
of the CatyatUks ( i >. Hk «Mi«^bat dM other Gnciami 
who were Ckarcbuf% fellow-prifoMrs, intercepted- the 
daUy pfevifidit9 appoimed fer C^^fiwj, and recai^iig 
tfae gredteft' pnt to themltivesi^ailowed him but a fmall 
fliar.e; that be'putfa ftop t^ 'that abufe by caufing ^ 
kirger quantity to be ient to OsanhuSj and ieparating 
Aeallowanca of the others fr&in his ; and that laill this 
.Iraa done with the i^onfent and *b]r the favour of^Pafy* 
foHs. He fays further, that it beifig his cuftom to fend 
him evelyday a gaimmdn* of bacon among his othef 
provifioRs, Ckarcim^ earneftly entfeated him to bury a 
Ihort dagger in the flefii of one of thofe gammons^ and 
fend ic to him, that he might be no longer fubjed): td 
the cruelty of JrtaxerMeL But he fay 9 that he refufed 
to grant him that requeft for fear of the King's dif-* 
pleafore, and the rather htctu^t Attaxerxes had boYind 
himfcif tHider an oath to his mother, who ear heftly in- 
terceeded F^r him, to fpare (3earebm ; that notwithftand- 
ing this at the infttgation of SSaiira he put a][ of them 
to dcstii "bot Aiendn ; artd that from that time' ParyfaHs 
formed ^deti^ agbinft the life of Siafira^ and endea- 
voured to poifon her. But this account is very Impro- 
bailee, and the* caufe he aiiigns is not at all propot'tiohed 
to-theefl^edl:; for^ h«w can it be believed that Pnryfatii 
^leouid, merely for the fake of C/<?tfr^i&w, venture to com - 
mirfb horrid afcrime, as that of poifoning- her fon'^ 
Jh^ul wife^i by #hom he had iifue which was one day 
to Succeed bhri in the kingdom ? But it is evident 
that this is merely a fi6kion of the hiftorian conrrived td 
Signify the memory of Oiwrri«j. Por* he 'ilfo Tays- 
that when the other Generals were executed, they wcrt 
torn in pieces by dogs and birds •, but- that a violetit 
gtift' of wind drove before it a vaft heap of fand, wiiich 

• * covered 

(l) Carya was a town m Lac^- Z>Mnr^z, the \vhole tdwn'b^ltig'de- 
jtr£a wliere there was a. temple of dicated loDiana, and the n vmphs. 

A R VAX E ll1t£ S. *3i 

(M fcr crrif^finJreiitomhtd the body ^ilettrcbus % aftd that 
fMiltof tfeta ^ruBg up tmmA abCHie it, «id in a (bore time 
lorittcd;a.'beaiidmi'gixyire^^wb^^ iprtad its (hade aU 
esuer thnr place ; fo ekj^ the^iCing repented of whkt ^de 
i^ad^dcnft UMJC^ttna^i^hom he con(idered as a fatDii^ 
:wc dr thegods. " . i ^ • . . > 

. Bm Par^aiii had long enmrcakied a joakMiff ^Midhat 
trcd agaidi '^M/ir^ i and pcperivihg that \iviiat creoHc 
fl>e had with the K^ng her ibtt wts the eflfeft only o€ the 
^§£peQi he bad for her aft 4ii$ mother, but that Staift0*9 
uitereft in him was much ftrenger, being founded in 
love and efteem, determined to riik every thing in -or^ 
der to gee rid <)f fo fopmidabte a ^ rtyal. Among her 
•female atcendaati there was one nanwd^G/^fixwh^mi fht 
very much eflieemed and confided in. i>iHcn hyt that 
&e aififted her in preparing the poifeb. But Ci^as aH^ 
luffms .that fiie wa^ only privy c<> *it^ and .that ^it iwat 
miich againft her inclination. The p^fon :who pro^* 
vided the poifon is called MtlanSaS' hyCi^s^ and^ by 
Dinm Bditaras. * . v 

. Theie two princefles having femingly ftirgot their, 
former piques and jealou(ie$, were reconciled in ajppear^ 
Mce, vifked as befere,.and eat at i^M other^s tables. 
But as their mutual diftruft Hill fubfifted, they cohti* 
sued to: keep upon their guard, and to eat of the iame 
di(h, and even of the fame flices. There is a fmail bird In 
P^tfthetnteftines of which ai^e without e^n-ement, and 
fiheinfide of it wholly fat ; fQ that' th(^ fuppofe the 
creature lives upon air and dew. k is ca\\td\Rhynta€€s* 
Gtefias affirms, rM^t Pary/atis dividing one of thefe birda yT 
with a knife rubbed with poifon on the t)ne fide, and 
free from> it on the other, eat the unrouched^nd wholes 
(bme part herfetf, * and gave Staiira that which^was in-^ 
fe<%ed. But Dinon fays that it was not Paryfatib^ but 
Mslani4S^ who cut up the bird, and prefented the poi- 
ibned part to Staiira^ who dying with horrid agonies 
and convulfions^ was both herfelt fenfible of the caufe 


In the court before the temple and the 5i^tfrftf« virgins came onc« 
ftood a ftatue of Diana Caryatis ; a year to dance round it. 

la' {i) Dio' 

i^z / ?na? !L:i fb ^ ^ 

df ^ft; Attd lindnittced her ittf|iickM of the ^^mttmodm 
to the Kitagv ^ who weil kircw licr imce .and itsplaaiUe 
tt)np«r* Histherdfbfc mmedtatelyi n»d& a flriftActi.. 
tfA\^' tnti> the^tfair. He cauftdall Mt'trmthsrV^ift' 
fibers md^djMieftick fcfvanN who attended at hef ^a^ 
ble ta^be feized^ and put upon the rack« J^ffpyfiuis^k^pc 
G^> filfe in iiev ^owA-aparttiientv and- thought eke Kittg 
43^«eh fent to demand her flie<fttJl re&iled ;ca produce 
ber.* Ac taft ^i]^i^ requefted the' Queen to/ bt iiar .*go 
home by night co her^wn >tiouiei of wliicb /Jthe ^Kiitg; 
kcitig ^ vertifedy (be was intercepted by iboie 6£ his 
guards^ who layi»wait forbttvond feAtenoe of deaHhwai 
pa0ed upoil her. The puoilbn^ent hifljifted by the k«Qs of 
y iVfyfti 0n poifoiilsya U thia : They have a very broad ftone 
/ prepared for that purpofe^ upon* which they place 'the 
' head of ibexrrinrrinU,^ and comifiue to bruile and fqueeze 
it with another ftone till *it is cruihed to pieces, ^tfd no^i^ 
thing of 4he figure retrains. This pumlbrnMOwasia^. 
&iiSxd on Gf^i>. As iox Piuyfiitisi the. King neitheri faid 
nor did any thing fevere againfl her, further' than^ to 
ir^lgne h^r at her. own requeft to the city tSBsbjfhn^ 
which he declared he would ^i^evier vifit whiifl: fhe. re« 
/iided in iir > This was th& ficuacioft tii Jriatcertsi/s^do^ 
nieftick affaifSi' • » ^ 

^ 'The King was as ioKcitoirs to get into his power 
thok Grecians whoaccoixi^aniisd Cynts in his expeditions 
as^ he h«id been to conquer 0)r/^j( hiovielf, and fecui^e 
bis kingdom. r But in this he failed* For >thdy, atter 
th^ bad loft Cytus their General and^ the jaeft of .the 
^0i«Ki)0nders,^^pced their way as it were, through- the 
gives of H^-palftce^ aitd i^tmd .ifi fafety^«4iuktngi ia 
^ap{!>ear to-aU^the work!,, thfa^ijif^axerxeiiaid' the'lupet- 
i-ionty in •nothing'^but'Wefitb) hoxury^aQd wt)nfien^>and 
thai ftti the reft was^ yain-fgkiry and oftentamcih.;. Ail 
thtGpieksniifW. t^fo^k <:ouraga, and bcgain> toide^fisiSbe 
J^STbari^Rs^l <aftdahe La^^^ff^wans- ^o\jf^t^i\(i^ (faaoie 
lior^iiiO'denverirhe/^^^c^'^/fi^/^^roiB]. i^riutaldQ» and 
iVom-the iAfoJenfee-andopppeffiop^of thz^P^rfiam.^Th^it 
•fe-ft attempt vi^'as t^ith an army 'under, the comjln(and of 
^him^ron i tlie^ttcxt Qocpmander 4he^ tcied.was Des^c^f 

A R lE^Xri R X:E S. igj 

arqpovrtttfal floec, limmediAftely'ipcrforaied.^tnwjr ftgfii^ 
expkttts,. and acquired great repuUHPrts i^ ht <kfe»ccdi 
5F{|2r^fah«^j^ tltt King's ii^^ in a pttdied bactle^ranj 

eaufitd feveral of cte ciiios^to tievok/roQitCtie Pnjknt^ 
* Xhefe great aisfaievQiiientfttaugbCtu^/4^cnr4)ir jn wib^M 
oiaimer faie was to carr^^m the -war agi^inA; x\\tQr€cumAk 
l!ie.4herelbre>feat Herm^acaUsidi Rhodes- into ^;vaf4) wicji 
a vaft qtiantity of gpld^x oommandkig Mm Jb]^ a fri^ 
^libution of it to corruptnthe lcadUig\dieii iq the fe« 
veral ctcies, aodtoftir up there^of the Grwausn^ 
unite agatnA 4^^/<i^ HtrmocraHs fucceedcd in his comr 
nriffion \ for moft oi Ac leading <;uiQ$ /soafpired againft 
Lactdaukm^ aiid' aU Pil&pontufiu was , in cofifufionf, fo ^ 
that the council of ^patta .wore forced .to recal Agefi:- \ 
Ims: ;out2 of. 4/ia, Upon. this. we. ar e^ told thet a$ he was \ 
embarking,.^ <aid to ibme of his friencis who were 
m^Hihtn^t iimi Artaxerxes Jbad driven idm mtt ef h&^ 
mlbtbiny tb^and anbers^ the P^^.coin. having, the 
iiguve of an archer ftamped upon k. Artier xes, like^ 
wife gained the dominion of the fea froni ch^ La^ed^^ 
mmians by the affiftance olConon admiral of the,rf/&^« 
mam^ who a&ed in conjun<5l:ion with his own ad^niral 
Pbarnabmsus. For Con$n^ after he had been beateo by 
tht Spariiam vXjE^s Poiamcs^ kept cloi'e in Cyprus^ not 
only for hi^ own fafety, buc that he might watch chf 
turn 5 of aiaira,' as. mariners do the turn of the: ude> 
Fo-cciyiogi therefore chat the fchcTneshe had A>rn)ed 
;wa»ied a great power to execute theiPt and chat th$ 
power >Qf the Perfians wanted, fpme perf(>n of ability to 
dire&ic^ he wrot^ to the King» and feat him a pJan of 
liis. defignSf ctHDmanding ti)^ p^rfoot with whom hf 
catruftad his ietiers<» togct them j>refented tq the |Cing 
etfiber by Zemi)^ CreUn or by P^ycrisus the Mend^ap^ 
<the 3rft of whotD was a dancer, and the other a pbyr 
Jiciaa) mA in cafe they were both abfent frpm, cpufi^ 
to apply to Ctefias. It is faid that "Ctefias delivered 
ibefe kucers, and that before he prefenced them, head- 

I 3 ded 

^ ♦ 

4^a 4a^ i^ftcfrein Kfc Inade C?i»^ldeib«f the KtA^ 

'fBntf Cfefiaftd htrfi as a peifon iXFiio^«ftNiM fee rttpixk- 

/%\ htt iccoiAYt "bf %!$ great (trill iti mairirime mfl^.: 

^ 'i^ed^hiih itt thafc fervtee. • • - • < ^' 

' Afttr Artdieficif^ hid defe«9^ the LateJLm^niim hf 

>r 0^^/» andHfipt^ed them of their ddmrnioii by fea, ht 
I drew all GreetttvUt, to his iacereft^ Mid impofed ^hiax 
p terms he ple^loi uponthem in that cetebmed pMcr^ 

/f which was called the peace of jhialddas. This^ AmUil^ 
cidas was ^ $f^rtan^ the fon-of Z^^/y, and fo zealoiis<fbr 
the King's intereft that he prevailed Wtth the Lakabe- 
monians to give up all the cities in yffi^i .^^d the adja* 
cent tflands,' which were w remain Cributaiyto ihe>Ar*^ 
./fr.ns in virtue of the peace, if we may give the vnene^^ 
/ rable n^me of peace to that which was the li^oach dttd 
rain oi Greece^ ^^d which was as inglorious, aa the inoft 
fatal concluHon of an unfuccefsful war could be. ^jdtfid 
therefore ArtaUetith^ though he always hated the other 
S^^r/i?»j, and looked upon them, >aS'£WMx; fays^^^ tf»'i>e 
the moft iilTpudent of meh, yet eit^pn^d a very'great 
regard for JbitattidAs^ yfhcn he came to him into J^* 
Jia: fo that one^day h^ took a garland of flowers^ dfp- 
jied it in'a vely rich ointment, and fent it* from^bii 
table to Antdkida^y whilft the whole court wciT'^irfk)- 
nffl^ed atfo particular a-mark of favour and diftindUon* 
IniiceA Arttaladas was a perfon fit -to 'be treated ^h 
filch levity, arid' to receive fiK:}t a?' crown, whocMid 
in thtf prefence of the Perfimsi tc^mxdk in 0: wnvcon 
dance Lecntdas and Cdlltcratidasv' Wherefi^e ' ^Wfaen 
a certain petfon^ in the hearing of Ajgi/MatuiJ c¥i^ 
bu<, Unbap}y Greece ! Eifen the S^tans ^A(4 fmfMbfg 
fttedes, he re^lied^ Sd^rati^ tbt MeAt$' ^nji0^mng 
%art^ns. Bi^t the vfit 6f thi!^ i^Nie^^mild roc mpt 
ofl^ the infttay of thr aaiionf. S6<^ »wr tbii they en- 
tirely ioflr their pftemrrteSceinGr*^ 4iy.the defeat 'at 
Leu^ay A$ they had before 4oft 4fh«rv honour by riiii 
fcandaldus'^pi^acbV*^' '. »^ ♦^--i.t .^^\.^ -u. ::• v-;- .^ * 


^efiM !iftlttM«fsv4uidr^^^ the wartneft /ri^- 
^p for km But^v^n.ilHi baitk 4it LmHra had 
%iifiifaled theoii €faey fcHui^ themfdves diftreiS^ i«ir 
want of money, which made them fend ^0am imo 
'^l7^-aiidt>rder ilkuiki^^^ to the court >f 

'oP^ir^rtoi^ fopplicf from.^/ax^xcf«.. But the Kii» 
^^ecevred hkn fooitdljs Md treated him w|^ fo mucn 
'jiidifieremceandconiemi^tt that he'itturoed back ki 
great coitfufion to Sparta % where being fcoraed by his t 
ondmies, and in fear ofthe£^W, he ftarved himfelf 1 
'tor-ddith. Abmit the fiime time Ifmmas the Theiaft^ 
^«nd Pehpidas^ who overthrew (he Brians at LeultrM^ 
'Otrived at the cfourt Qf.Ariai$€rKes. Pehpidas did no- 
^«Mtngmean or diihoncniraUe 1 but Ifmmas being com* 
^mandcfd to adore the King, letting bis ring fa] J upon 
the ground before him) ftooped to take it up^ and made 
that fiafa for an aft of adoration, ^imagoras the Atbi- 
nian one day ftnt the King a lecierof fecretinlelligencl*, 
n^hich was deUvered to him by Beluris a fecretary i and 
the King was ib well pleJEtfed with the contents of It, 
that he fent him ten thonfand Ddrici. The fame 97- 
'fMigoras falling into a languifliins diftemper^» and being 
* prefcribed the tk of cow's • milk, Atiaxirxes hnmi^di- 
atdy nmde him a prefent of fourfcore milch cows, 
which were conftantly to attend him for th^t f^viee. 
He alfo fent him a bed with every thing belonging to 
tti and with fervanu to inake it^ becaufe the Griofh 
were not ikflled in that ai*t, and a number of men :co 
carry him iha Ikter to the fei- fide on acdoUtit of his 
-indifpofitiei^ ; to alt which ^ may add the fumptuous 
allowance for his table while he refided at court; which 
made Cftamst\it King's brother fay (9 1bim one day, 
Timagor^s, ym mgU n^^ 4o for^t bow magmficenUy \ 
ycu org €iUirimmei\ Jnch 4^ tnaimmS is not for mbing \ 
wfafcb hefpohe rathirr to reprpach him for his ireaTpj^, 
than to infpire him with gratitufle, .Aecbrcliiig^ TV- 
magorof waa fome tiraec .after, his return condemned fo 
die by the Atbmam^ for having taktA. bri$pYrom t^e ^ 

I 4 Ar- 




for ihe^mjiay^njjgrips. be b4^,ijfM^t|jiej^ .||^ :fi«Afed 

ut to d%ith\ vf\i^^vfi.£Mf^^.k \w^. JUkwlftrtii>(l|wt- 
inemal, by adding^, lo^nv 4ru^a.^^he if b^^ broil^ 
againft Jiitp. ; For,.tiie-,Iwing,di4 ^Qti^fig f«ain ,bisi fRr 
fcntmeht ^gain(i, hift mctfJic*,, ^t w^jrcq^ 

?nd fc<it fi)r_b«r> biii« aflyfCQ diaj,l][ip:b«dM}HWdP» 
and course fiCfor tb^^gpv^rampat pf f,aft§ljlgirfl, ,1^ 
that , there M(a? Qow no cwfc why tb^qy. fnjgbt ,0o^,^p0r 
verfe together. V(lthoyt.{ufpifiiOn oppff^^f^^^ Fwnji*^*: 
time Ihe gratified ihe.Kingt iQ every »tbiijg« , ^nd i»««: 
oppbfed qr ccpfg^^ed any. of bis. aak)jn8 5, by ^wj^cb wm^ 
ihe got an abfelwte a(cend.anR oy^ km^ - ^^J^tvm^ 
lie w^s defpc w^Iy ifi lovp vyith^/g^j.oi^s /4 ibi§.ji)¥a 
daughters;. aixd that Jje c;qng?akd. ^n<^ <?h^l|.ed/hi$.pgft- 
flop, chiefly wt qf regard to. b^iv^hijwgb fpnv^.avitbqw 
lay he hade before shat jowde ,his. addfp^ ,in .jG^r^t. no 
>i&.^, And. ^ryQyed bRr^.As Xppa .^ i^^yji^/if fiufped^d 
th^ imrigu^y fhe appeared more fond of her .gp-andr 
daughter jthift t>efQrei wd .ex^toUc^ iv?r \^,M^x(tx€s 

both fo^ fer yjrf ^^, a[>di>e?yiyr» >^bicjlj,^,ihpj(ai4.m«4« 
ber worthy of t^ftiqpcrial digfii^yp. Jq ^hgrt, Ae . peir 
fuaded.JlW i;qj?fppufe bpff^ JM^d d«lVftrbef .Ai? ^W>f»l 
wife, .in fpjt^ pf (the law* ^^d i q^iolpns,.9f ,tbfi , ftf^ 
/^(?r w;(j^ fey 4]he,; are:,^Jm, 4(^.,4k^ P^r^^tis^^fipiMfd 
(y Qoarto h 4he jQpty rule U.^^h^m ^ :yikmJs Mrtmus 4r 
^kiom. ;Son)«;hift(vift«5k 4Wc«g,wJhoit) isbjfif^M^^ 
Cum<e^ ^n>^tb4i;^fflxi?ryffr4i4A<« ftfjiy mar^^ 
• Jf/#r,;.bPt ;tikewife 4j:^otb?r.. of> hijBi )d^ug|;ysr«4 JJ^med 
'^ejtrijy ipf whan) jTif ptipa-wlll Jl?efl[^ads, iKB^iftfifn iHis 
|Ove. for ^^^pfa^Yf^ (oArdt^i apd ^fyiqffitoAl»?» *hpu|^ 
ja; leprofy had/pr^ad itfctf Q¥§^v<hcr,^iiple bft^,^ Jtgare 
him.ppt the Jeaft diA^ ^^ SP^Jo<|^fS«Wfd%^e/;ii.wi>UC 

/falling piioftratp.Qa vh^i^^»<.#r^4xgji^p«lgh^ 

. C'ontiniiarty ^pri^cd./ftnkcjf efiay^y,.t(^.3&^ .alo^UK)^ Ac 

th? farpeTipjP %,c?ure'd foH0«n»«^crjagg 'fi<a*,^i*ltta^c 

bet- by hUlQ^c^rs^nd^fy'mPh xf^ ^UiA^nrft^^iJ^^ 
Trtg from the palace to.tfiex^cmple^f^j: j,w» »il?&^^cep- 

A RTAVX! fe R JtE S. ^^ 

o^IFte war; whick! ht entered into agarnft tht^^'phMf 
M»^^ttKilSatQckfu)t through: a nhifundlerltanding Whiol 

hifj^i^et^dbetiwecnPia^ and Ipbtcrates^ to wJiQ^i 

4i^Mmmiitdd the cotidti6b - of it. But h^ wtot in. pcribh 
^^aft ibe'GM^ wicb an army of three hundr:e.^ 
^flKiuftnd f€j9t» and ten thouiand hori^V Their country 

Isvi^lfgh aad ^nevenv is continually covered with fpgs« 
^^ tproddae9^^Q0^6rn for the fuftenance of the inhabi* 
i.iaii^i«>a. robuft warlike people, who are forced to live 
^^p^nrwild pears and apples, arid Other fruit of thai 

3fitn4. Ar{imwieSy unwarily entering this coun(ry» ex- 
.|»^fed himfel^^ infinite diftref) and danger i for no ^ 

^ovifioos could be got there, nor was it poifibie to be 
: 4uppited from any other place. The ^hole army was 

j^At^ed to U^c oaf bealls of bdrden, which foon became 
: fo'fo%fcey/<bat the head of an afs was ibid for fixty^^" 
.Ukachima. The King's own table began to be in want ; 
e£»)d few /hprfoa were leftf tb^ neft naving been t){^ 

jfoi^^fopd. - .; 

y In thi» eiHgency TtribdzMS^ ^a perfon who was often ^^ 
aba highalt fayour with his Prince on account of his va? 
IfHH'* aftdjf^ pf(en degrakled on account of his levity^ 
.iaii)d'Who.a(rthi^»very lime was in great difgrace, pr^- 
ibrved the Kingt .and all his forces, by the following 
/ftnOD^m^' There were two kings of the Cadujiansj and 
'l^^'Werefepariliely encamped* TiW^^zi/^r having firft 
.(MnmuAioattrd his defign to Artaxerm^ went to one of 
.l^k^fe pm^9^ htq9fi^jf, and fent his fon to the other* 
iS^aQhof^thfO^ deceived the Prince he had to deal with, 
^C0lHpg'hifn^*t|ia( the other was fending, unknown to 
•iyjPi^ Kis^ambaflTadors to Arlaxerxis to negotiate a fepa- 
rai^ alliance^ 7 i^(^jf.0fi ^ri-mfe^ f^\(i hc^ jou wiiUo/e 
^iH^ifB0tbf^'be4f0f(nriband mibypur rit^al^ and enter firjt in(^ 
i-^rp^fyi 4fdjf^nUi!f dtppid upon all fbe ajjijlance that is in 
mfpfmnr. Thi^fe words impofed upon the two prince^^ 
, ibsfbaPMch Qf ih^n? believing .his companion was be- 
jcrayinghtmi ^hfy, both difpatched theic ambaifadors to 
jit^aximes^ Tirilazus attenaing thole who were i^nt by 

138 n^ LIFB of: 

•the ^ne>^ anch his fon 9b(xxmrpmjiag didfe^bf 4lietiihef« 
But as Ttribazus (laid a confiderable WDiti^ Af^kminm hi- 
;gaii CO fufpeAhim, and hisi eoemin did sii-diey cbttld 
to irritate thtf Kingagamft hiin(,f ib7tluu:iheff{)Mted4ris 
bftving confided fo much'itrlitin, ahdgsve^arM titofe 
twho were the moft forward to calatnnialo 1iim« rtHnnr- 
ever, "-tiriiaxus returning on one fide, Md hit foAOM tht 
Other, each bringing his ambaffadors with hiHH ^and'tiie 
peace being concluded <m both fides, be obtained smMr 
Crcidh and' authority than ever, and marched batfc with 
^jirttik^xeSj who made 4t appear on chat oeatflon, nhftc 
cowkrdice and e^minacy do not necefikrily arife from 
luxury, pomp, and fuflerftuity, as is generally beUevod, 
but are the e6Fefts of an ignoble natm^, and deprawd 
judgment. For neither his ornaments of gold, lits pobe 
^ of ftate^ nor the fumptuous apparel which he always 
wore, and which was efleemed worth tweWef'^tbduftiid 
talentS) hindered this monarch from dndergoing the 
'fame fatigues and cxpcfinghimfelf !to the -faiMJci haid- 
^ihips a&thd meaneft foldier of his army. For with bis 
quiver flung over his fhoulder, and his arm braoed to 
his buckler^ heAvould difmoontupon^c:alloB,'and^lead 
them in perfon through <:raggy cRffleoit pafifts.' Aisid 
the foldiers charmed with the' pati<^ncei «ftrength<«aifd 
courage which they faw MiM exert, "were foamaaatedaMd 
^enlivcncd by his example,^ that they^marched^eva-y flay 
upwards of two hundred furlongsi At4aft 'heamv^ 
at cn^of hiis own palaces, where he hadgardelMs of woA- 
derfu^l 'beauty and magntfiec^nce, and o(f a Vtly iyrgeeir- 
tent,^ though all the country Ground 'was nafced^ndbar- 
. * ten: The weather' being exceeding 60k);<' tie pef mk«?ed 
^his foldiers to cut down as much wdodas they warned, 
without excepting even the pines'^nd cypretifes, and 
when they Teamed loth to cut down trees oNhatflztand 
' beauty, the King htmfi^lf todc an ax^ amd begnrto Ml 
oi^e, which was the talleflb and moA beafueiftil dftthcfm 
all. ' This made tht 4bidiers lefs fdtupiilousr; 'anddiav* . 
\ - irfg cut down what wood they wanted, they jiiildled fo 
; 'many fires as n^adt tkim pafi th<^ night very ebmfert* 

i '■ Thua 

A R^ A X EvRXE S. 139 

. v^f?]%w:eidiidudki^^!aipdii^ the IQng to& 

ma of \b fw fck Wdinrs^rnaid^Jnioft /all his borfes. And 
■ is<iie'MB(^lwd thtt lienfi» c^pifed^iior ins iU footdit^ 
^ iefe igtio if |ta lpli»g>fthc moft Tiriinent trteit in his coufc^ 
^ ibdKflf Yhom^ flew ifi .iiis rtge^ ^nd mom out oi&m^ \ 
unhMh inrtjrrtDlsrtrit ^paffioor the matt cruel and bioodf i 
;<tf aoyi^'nib c r cM tguc coorager is ggntle, merciful, and 1 
f^toidhif jtt'&ifpiaofi; Themfoicthoie brutes* which bf I 
) nttoi^ttfeiaioft timoinus^ are4wrdcft tOf be tamed y but 
fitiw dlsmd ffidermn airimals baring lefs^ Im^icion becauft 
jfaiey;diaAsri0&iear9:4o'!Aot Ihua tba tkindnefs and ibcieiy 
filifttiMinsr. V ' - ... : J 

.no\'jk^fy6f0roUf being nowin years pdrcetvod that bis {^n% 
Wffoiobnfeending. wiuch ihould fuccced hiio^ and w(m 
cbakn^ ^tliterefb with their friends and the chief men of 
.^^: courts ithe moft prudent and reafimtble among 
Miiioai.ihought that hb Jlrtaxerxes htd fucceeded in right 
V t^ivTth^Ttker&aceflbntoi^htto ckvolve upon hiseldeft 
< ifoaii B^nAs: : But the ^ymmger, nanled O^bus^ a man of 
. ''M hot^ittJeht temper, had likewife his panji,, which was 
veryaidOfieraus and confideraUe. He hoped to prevail 
iiponihli iacher todeciam.for him by the. means tf 
tJt§ffar ibtwfaotti he made all his oourt^ promifingco 
nnnyker^ and > make her his partner in the throne after 
Iber .deasfar ofaAfmierxa.' Indeed there went a report 
that ha had ahready beta familiar with her; butthjft 
. inasamknoien to his father, who thinking it prudenlt 
to^ctlc off biabopes at oace^ left following the ^exampte 
vS imMniietQfnij he might involve the iiate in a civil ^ 
- ar^ftxfser bis^dacaafe) declared Dams bia ibcceflbr, who ! 
r warrthaa in his 4}wenty 6kh year, and permitted him m 
^ iwcaaDtfae poine^ of his dtaris or turban trt&j wbic4i mw^ 
the jnirkrof royalty. ' 
Lr.airfiisai'cuftom among zhcPirJiims for farm who kdt* « 
< 'etaaMb iffpit heir to the citown;' totlemaivdi of the Pri^t 
.3nla>%iS£ii»nad him forhisluccafibr, ibme g^ which 
' 'heiii>«Dt.<tOiiKMe9 provided itd)e in his power to grtot 
it^^'/fiiafirmifeetsfcforKdemandod 4fpqfiii^ who had been 
JtoortvAinglf Gloved by (^iWr and at this time was ima 
of the itog's concubines. She was born at fb$(Mk A 
y C city 

eitiy in Imdi^ : was ef good piutiitage/ and' had bceir vir^ 
€at>ufly cdoca&ed; Wliea Oat was (fitft- kitfodtioad ^cb 
Cyrus it was amongft otfatr women ^ilft he was^at^pi^ 
per.' The reft placed thenftiveswttliDtic refer«e* near 
hts perfoo % and wfam iie began ito j^ andtxUi'^MCOirf)! 
to them^ and to toaobtbem^ diey lefm«dfiorat'ail di^ 
pkafed with his fondne&. .if^)^« in the mean ume 
ftood by in fiknde; O^rus in^ifed her to. come nearer^ 
faut jQie.refufed $ .and when fome of his attendants went 
to compel her^ flie fakl, fVboever i Uys bis bands Mpm mi 
fbdirepenl it. Thb «nade.all who were prefeat look on 
iber as a fulien awkward creature. But O/rus was pleafed 
with her behaviour^ and laughing faid^ to cheperTov) who 
bad-l^^vidediiim.with thofe women, Dttmi you perxm^ 
^ . . tkatJifallymi have brougbt me tbh wamau otdj is free fUnd 
' vittuous, FncMX) that time he attached bimfelf to her, 
loyed her .above all the reft^ and called :ber;^4/fir ^ii» 
wife. > ^Ni\tn Cyrus fell in the bitttleihe waif taken among 
tfae.other ipoils of the camp, and delivered xx>:Anaxer9oes. 
Di^m/.luiviDg therefore demanded her of his.£iiherthe 
, mts much alBided at it ; for thofe barbarians are tx^ 
, L'ceifiiielyjealcvus in their amours; fo that it- fe death ibr 
'' / acman not* only to fpeak to one of the King's coneo^* 
bioes,. or touch .her,^ but eyenxo crois.the road^ or oome 
Bear the chetiots . in which i they are travelling; • And 
though to. gratify his iuft he had againft aU lawt marticd 
his;daughter./f/^, and had bcfide her three ;handiied 
ahd^fixcy conciiihtnea of extraordinary beauty, yet'i>eing 
importuned fdr that one by I>ariuSy be rt.i^\tdt^.jbaifi$ 
mis.4 fr^^ moman^ and thai be n^bt kAx'b&ifftut 'was 
mUii^ 4a gawih^Jrimi but by na means /oret Seaway 
tgah^ ber inclinaiion. Afpafia tlierefore being fent> for^ 
and, contrary to the King's expeAadon, makings ohoice 
€iiJ}ariusi he gasi^e her to bin) indeed, being oonftrained 
to it by law^ but depriv^ed him of htr foon after^ ibr he 
xnadeher a prieftefs in the temple of Dim^j fnrnained 
j^iisj . ztEcbaiana^ that (he might fpend thejremainder 
' p£ her days in ikid chi^ity ^ ^ thus panifliing hib fon^ 
not with rigour and fe verity but \wsth mildnefs and oood 
kttmour. iiuc Darius highly refented this proceeding, 


A R\TaXE R XE S. i^i 

•iiheidxclNSfic tb«; Yiekmseuof .his lore w 4$^ ttti«ab 
him oiomicfifilsAo i^f kt or becaufe he thiHi^ it de^ 
figntd oo pwpofc'to jnfult and aflPront him. j 

-r'9SriJH«Qi^perceivlffighim in this temper of mind, tooli( 
plttMrtt^vCxai^Ktacc^tumrfttU.aioff^ obferving in the ia^ 
j4)ty4o«e>Qkir«i^ a reprcfencacion of that which he had 
M«civcd:hiinielf. For ^iax^xes having feveral daugh^ 
Mn^ -^promifed one of thefa. named Apama to Phmrnm^ 
ifiimj Rbvdsgune to OrontiSy and jimeftm to TirHaziui 
He J(ic(pt his word with the two firft, but da&pfMMnccd 
tiriiazus by marrying Jmeftris himfelf* He promiicd. 
however to give him his youngeft daughter Ji^fa ; but 
bet« he deceived him too \ for he afterwards fell padP^ 
fionatdy in .Ipye wHh///^» and nuirried her iikewife^ 
kkmt have already obfe^ ved. This i^fage extremely in*- 
pm(ed liirikasfUSy ^ pian whof was never fteady and fedate 
lAihis^difporilion^ but was in all things wilda^id irrego* 
|ifi»rr (Wherefore, beiqg fonvetimes advanced to the* 
bighed d^giPee *of honour, and at others flighted -and 
dilgcipfd, he knew not «how to behave with propriety 
ineitiaifiriof thofe ftatea^.for when be was: in faArouri - .his 
iftfoknceaiid yaoity m^de him infupportable^andwheA 
i«difgr^ice, inftcad of being . bumble, quiet, andiub- 
niiSive^ he WAS fier^i^and outrageous. Siri^zus there* 
Core, in hi^ converfation with the youag Prince added 
hi^iiMti^ ih^ fire, continually urging him on,-, and 
fyyin%i ^bai it was a poor prerogative to wear the pmt ofi 
the Citr'ts &r^3^ if be. who wore it . did not. take care torad^ 
vameMs interefi \ that be^. would find bim/ey^ mucbfmjiakiff 
if he tbougb0 biit^clf f4{ure of tke fusctffion wbilfi bis brotbifi 
^tm-fiwig^bemng bhfariy by t)9e imereft be had. among tbor^ 
Vf(^pe»^ua^d^bif father was offo rafh aid fickle a £emper,i\ 
finee <A wm not to, be impelled that he^ who for .the fake of a^ 
Cr^QMiJirf^^^t co^id violate a law the trnfifacred among' 
l^ikr^anSft fhotddfoitbfuU^ perform mone import am pro-^ 
pt^iSv^bat^ iieiafe was- quite different bawixt bh pret en/ions 
$id thfiisfCM\^m v f^t mfor Ochus, no (me would hinder. 
kil9i\ft0n livinjg ^bfigpy in^a priv&te.ftation \ hut as for. Da:-* 
tiMK tt^ 'bad heen dmlartd King^ death or \ the thr^m w»$i 

14a TSi L fFB^ 

/l^if/ ^ttiy nU^rmthi. It plttinly^petred nm Ait 4e&BMw 

thac St^kades judged r^ht^y whrni be fidd, >«- - -^ t'l > 

.ff^ilk winged fpecd ill counfil'^ahiji Of ^^i^^/^^j ^V^ 

For the path whkh lei^ds m-co'wJKirwediriSre Mnn^lti^ 
and'of an eafy defcenti* and inbft men defi«tfii94M^ltf? 
vttot\^y becaute they are ftramgers to wiidom and iirtttK*!^^ 
BeBdes^ the hfge extent of the Pirjum domtifioAtp iRllI' 
the jealoufy Darius had ^^entertained oiOdms^ furnMieA^ 
Tiritazus with other argtrments tc^exafperateChe prkiM^ 
mind ; chough tove for jf^^a^ and cOnterA' ^^h^r 
lofs, were no inconfiderable caufes of his refen(iMnt* 
i Thus JDanW delivered hi nr^feJf up to ?frfltoa*/5 and afllP^ 
) dating a confiderafote number of perfbns entered into 4 
confpiraty againft his father. But an eun«ich deieftc^d 
their plot to the King, and told him the manner in ' 
vAikh it was to be executed; for ho hadreceri^ tef^> 
tain intelKgence that they intended to break -fitto ftte 
King's apartment by night, and afiafiinate htm as^ht lay^ 
in his bed. Arta»erxes thought it would be gttai ilii^^ 
prtide'nce to defpife fuch a danger, and ftiH greater tt> 
give credit* to this information without further proof/ 
He therefore eommanded the etmuch who- had made the 
VUfcovery to Join with the eonfpirators:, and engage itt 
ali^ their meamres; at the fametin^e he broke dowa'tte 
waU(/his chamber, which was behind his i)ed, 'where 
he made a door, and covered it with tapeftry. % 
- When the appointed hour was approaching, df which, 
he had been iritormed by the eunuch, he hid faimfelf^ 
x)n his bed, and did not ftir till he had a Ml fight of- 
the faces' of the afiaflins, fo as to diftinguifh and^cnow^ 
them. But as foon as he faw them drawing their 
fwords, and coming towards the bed, he drew back the 
tapeftry, and retreated into an inner chamber, where he 
bdked the door, and alarmed the court. The afiaffins. 
feeing themfelves difcovered, and their defign defeated, 
inimediately fled, and exhorted TirO^azus to db the 
fame, telling him that he was difcovered. They all 
fcparated, and each of them provided for himfetf, but 
Tiribazus was furprized by the guards,' He defended 



A RTA XaR XE S. i4||. 

lumiAi^biifKnii .WMi.mtk: gfcttcounige^ and fl^w« 
many ^ them, -.tiU «c laft being .wouniedib; a jarydiftt^ 
which was thrown at a dtftance, he fell, Darius was 
likewtfe taken together With iut children^ aod brought 
li)(AM^'4bc i^dgra >apf!oifitcd by the King* 4riaxtrHt$^ 
did MIX clmre to aflift attthe irtal in perfon, but ap- 
poiiHcd oi^rs.tO'forfQ the ^arg& ag^infl: him \ at the 
faoic time he comixiandcyi.iiis. notaries to wme down the 
0pifit9a:of emry one of the Judges fit)gly» and brin^ 
tiwa^ a|| CO him. They havii^ali ageeed in condema** 
ijighiinto death, the oiBders removed him to an ad<»» 
jaoeM pi^i£^n» and knt. for the executiofier to do his 
ofiice. A% foon as he entered with the razor ufed in^ 
Sheading osf^tal off^nders^ and faw D^nfm, . he ftarted 
back in fgptu jooafternation, and ko^d toward the 
dciGMVDiiSiiKiving nfitherftcco^ nor courage enough tot . 
Uy^yik^t hands upon his fovereign; fiur. the jiKigea^ 
wh^ were aCfiending<without, threatened hiq^^nd Gom-r 
tvandfid' him to proceed* Upon this the returned \ an^t ' 
&i%in]^<b9 Prince byjtbe hair he threw .him pn tlio^ 
grpund.aml ^ut off his head* Some write that J)0i^m$i 
wiifSrtrifed in .the King's prrience, and that as foon^ashe 
wito QQAvt^^had by ui^eniable evidence, h&feU profttM^ 
on ihiO ground^ and moft earaeftly implored the Kingfst' 
pardons ihat the King m great fury drew, his £eymitar» 
with which he wounded him in many pUces and killed 
him upon the.fpoC;..and that afterwards he returned xjeii 
his paJace^^ where he worfliipped the .fun, and 
tbofc who had attended hisn,' R£tm» in iriumpbyO Pxty 
funs^ ^ttil yottt feHmo^fuijjilts iJbat the great Oromaaie§ 
has punififtd ihoft wha kad ccfOrived ibe mofi^ impious and ? 
ixem^k 9f tarimti, Tlria was the eyeot of; thati confpir •. 
racy.. • . - * •.'»'•/ .\^^^ 

. N<w Qchw\ : C9^pe&atbns were raifed» ' and he pcof 
mifed himfelf much from the i0ttn9ft;he:hAd in Ai^jf^ 
However, he was. jealous of his brothei? -^mj^fj^ wt>0' 
was the only male furviWng befides himfelf of the legin 
timate oSspvmg oiArtaxerxes \ and of his baftard br^-; 
thren he Hood much in fear of Arfames. For the Per^] 
Jlany^'^^^ chat Ariafpes might fuccecd to the throne,,- 


144 rbe LITE of A^l^AXEKXES. 

not fo much becaufe he was older than O^bus^ hoc be*^ 
caufe he was of a tnild^ fincere, and benevolent difpofi<« 
tion. As for Arfames^ he was efteemed fuperior in un- 
derftanding, and Ocbus wag not infenfible that he wa» 
the favourite of bis fathcf • He therefore contrtvad the 
deftrudbion of both, and being no lefs artful t1i4il bk>odf^ 
he employed his cruelty agatnft Arfamts^ and 'his craft 
againft Ariajpes. For he fuborned fome of 'the King** 
eunuchs and favourites- to convey to him fcvere and 
menacing expreflions from his father, as though heha<tl 
decreed to put him to a cruel and ignominious death. 
Thefe things they daily communicated to him as fc- 
crets, telling him that pare of the King's deTigns againft 
him would be delayed for fome time, and (hat part 
would be executed immediately; and by thi« means rhey 
ib terrified him, and threw him into fuch anxiety and 
dejection of mind, that having prepared a poifonous 
draught, he drank it and put an end to hisf life. Th€ 
King hearing what kind of death he died (incereiy la^ 
mented hini, and guefled the caufe of it^ but was dif-- 
abled by his age trom fearching tlioroughly into the 
affair. He now became ftill more fond o^Ar fames i ma*' 
liifeftly placed his greateft confidence in him, and made 
•him privy to all his dcfigns. Whereupon Ocbus had no 
longer patience to defer the execution of his purpofe, 
but employed ^iribazm's fon Hartafpis to kill Af fames. 
Artaxerxesj whcfe extreme age had .brought him to the 
very verge of life, when he heard of the fate of ArfmeSi 
could not bear up under the affliiSlion, )mv being op* 
prefled with the load of his gxief expired, after he had 
lived ninety-four years, and reigned fixty-two (2). He 
I was efteemed a mild and gracious Brince^ and what con^ 
/ tributed very much to his obtaining that character was 
/ the difpofition of bis {onOehusj who was'of all princes 
' the molt cru^rl arid fanguinary^ : 

(2;) Diodorui Slculus fays that he reigned only forty-three ye^t* 

A RA" 


r{..i>4S ] .■ 

•iH i."i . ■■•!■; -'..-- ■...,,.. ,"■ jorr 

.^ R j r t/ s. 

THE philofopher Chry^pus^ Poijcrates, quoCM 
an ancient proverb, noc as it really is, but a« 
he thought it Ihould be, imagining (1 fuppofe) 
^hat it ibunded too harfhif } 

,:Wbcfathm praifey txtept their ^merous fom? 

But Dienj/odorus the 'Trszenian correcting him, reftorei 
the true form of it, which is this, 

tVbs fathers praifty except dtgentrafe fensf 

Tettittg us, that this prorerb was defigned to flop the 
jmomhs of thofc, who having no merit of their own, 
deck themfelves with the vircues of their anceftors, and 
ate l^vUh in their Driifes. But thofe 
, VOE. VI. ' K ^9 


146 7ii LIFE, of 

^0 at^bam the virtues of their Jires defcendj 

to make ufc of Pindar*s own words, who, like you, copy 
after the bright originals left them by their anceftors, 
may take great fatisfadion in often hearing and fpeak- 
ing of the beft of their progenitors; for they affume not 
the glory of other mens virtue for want of worth of their 
own, but uniting both in one, celebrate thofe heroes as 
the authors of their defcent and the models of their lives. 
^ For this reafon I have fent to you the life of your fel- 
' low-citizen and progenitor Aratus ; the reputation and 
power which you have acquired being fuch as are far from 
refledting any dilhonour upon him. I do not fend it 
imagining that you have not yourfelf been careful to be 
informed of all his adions better than any one, but with 
this view, that your fons Polycrates and Pytbocles may be 
trained up by domeftick examples, and by hearing and 
reading fuch things as are fit for their imitation. For 
it belongs only to the felf-conceited, not to the lovers 
of virtue, to think themfelves better than all others. 

The city of 5/V>y?», from the time that it firft fell off 
from a pure D(?nV;t ariftocracy( I ), (its harmony being 
quite confounded by the ftditions and conteftsof the de- 
magogues) continued to be diftempered and unfettled, 
changing one tyrant for another, till Cleon being flain, 
^imocUdas and CUnias^ men of the greateft reputation 
and power amongft the citizens, \yere chofen -gover- 
nors. Under their adminiftration the conftitution Teemed 
in fome meafure fettled : but upon the death of Timo^ 
clidasy Abantidas the fon of Pafeas refolving to feize the 
government himfclf, killed Clinias^ together with fevcral 
of his friends and relations, and banilhed the reft. The 
tyrant would likewife have murdered Aratus the fon of 
Clinias, who was thea butfcven years of age, if he could 


(i) This is a figure borrowed mony, 

from the different modes^ (2) 'X\i^PeHtdthium coafiftcd of 

Grecian muficky among which, the £ve different exercifes, running, 

Jporick wasefteemcd the moftper- leaping, throwing the dart, box- 

feft; fo that Plaio fays fotnc- ing, andwreftHhg. 

where that the Dorick^o^t only (jVFdrthe wreiUcrs were gre^t 

deferved the name of Grecian hart feeders^ and the ma^ock W94 on^ 


A k At V B. Uf 

iar^ found him. ' But during the confufion fn which 
the family was upon the death of his father, the child i^ 
rfcaped unobierved among the reft that fled, and wan« ^ 
derrng about the city helplefs and fearful, by chance got 
undifcovered into the houfe of a woman named Sofo^ 
She was the fifter of Abantidas^ but had been married , 
to PropboHtuSj the brother of Clinias. She. t>etng of U 
generous temper, and believing the boy had by fome 
ipecial providence fled to her for flielter^ hid him in thtf 
houfe, and at night conveyed him away fecretly td 

Jraius having thus efcaped fb iminent a danger^ im« 
mediately conceived a fierce and implacable hatred .-^ 
againft tyrants, which ever after continually encreafed. ' 
He was liberally educated by his father's friends and 
acquaintance in Argos. And being of a robuft confti« . 
tucion and large ftature^ he applied himfelf to the gym- 1 
oaftick exercffes, wherein he excelled to that dcgree^L. 
thac he contended in i\i^ Pentatblum (2), and came oflT^ 
cooqaeror : and indeed in his (latues one may obferve 2I 
certain athletick caft, and together with the gravity and 
majefty which appears in his countenance fomething 
may be perceived not incompatible with the voracious 
appetite and the mattock of the wreftler (3). Hence iC 
was that he (ludied eloquence lefs than perhaps became . 
a man bred up to the adminiftration of civil affairs } /A 
and yet that he was a more elegant fpeaker than is ger 

neraily believed, fome conclude from thofe commenta- 
ries which he has left, though penned carelefsly and ha-> 
ftily, and in fuch words as firft came to his mind. Somd 
time after this, Dinias and AriftotU the logician killed 
Abantiias^ who ufed to attend in the publick ha}l at 
their difputes, and so join in them, they having infen-' 
fibly accuilomed him to this pradtice^ by which they aC 


W'the inftram^nts they 4nade a(e both the mattock, and the TOTa<* 

of iu. their exerck^s \ with this city oi thefe atbleticks. 

they broke up the groand, on „ / ^. ^ / ^, \^' rf. 

purpofe to confirm aod encreafe '^^^ '^^T*^^*' "" 

•heir ftfength by foch idtenfe la- '^'** '*'^- 

111 MMT vexie^Of his fourth Mlium tnuinty Jhetf^ 



x^^ Tie h IF E: of 

laft got an opportunity of execptiM; th.e defign they had 
formed againfthim. After him P^yeaiS the father of Aban- 
itdas taking upon him the governqiept was (lain «by. the 
treachery oi NicpcteSj who made himfelf tyrant. It is 
f epprtecf that he was extremely like Periander the. fon of 
Cypfelusj as it is faid 0^»/^/ the P^ry&i» much referpbjcd 
Alcmaon the fon o( Ampbiaraus^ and a Laad^emonian 
youth, the famous Heiior ^ and jidyrfilus tells us th^t the 
youth was trod to death by the croud of thofe who 
came to fee him upon that report. 

^hcn Nicocles had governed about fourmonths, dur- 
ing which time he exceedingly oppreifed the city, ,he 
was upon the point of being difpoffeffed by a ftratagem 
of the JEtolians. Aratus was by this time growing to- 
wards manhood, and was already highly efteemed both 
on account of his birth, and difpofition, v^berein nothing 
mean or inactive appeared, but a gravity and fedateneis 
uncommon in one of his age, accompanied with ^ great 
deal of fpirit, and a fteady judgment.. Thefe qualities 
made the exiles of Sicydn fix their eyes upon him ; and 
J^icocks had his fpies about him, who watched him nar- 
rowly, and obferved all his motions. Not that he wa^ 
apprchenfive of any -adion lb bold and hazardous as 
that he undertook ; he only fufpefted him of carrying 
on a correfpbndence with the kings who had been his 
father's friends. And indeed Aratus firft attempted this 
iVay : but finding that ^«//^^«w, who had promifed to 
aflift him, negledted and delayed it, and that his hopes 
from Mgypt and Ptolemy were too remote, he determined 
to deftroy the tyraijt by bimfelf, without any forpgn 
afliftance. . ^ . . . 

He firft communicated his defign to Arifiomacbus znd 
Ecdeltis, Arijiomachus was an exile ofSicyottf and Ecdelus 
^ti /Irciidian oi' Megalopolis^ apqribn ftrongly addidfcedto 
philofophy, but at the fame time of an aftive and refo- 
lute difpofixion ; .he had ftudipd zt Athens under the di* 
redion oiArcefiJauj the academick. Thefe readily con- 
fcnting, he fpoke on the ful^cfik to the* other exiles^ 
^ome few of. them being afliamed to fecm ro defpair of 
fucceis, engaged iu the defign-, but . moflt jof them en • 


A R' A T U S. 

deavonted to diverii hiih from it, telling Mm, that his 
Want of experience made him ra(h and precipitate. 

Whilft he was deliberating on the propcrrcft means 
for fecuring fome ftrong poft in the territory of ^icyon^ 
from whence he might make war upon the tyrant, a 
ccnsiin'SicyomaHj juft efcaped out of prifon, arrived at 
jdrgos. ' This man was the brother otXenocleSy one of 
the exiles, who carried him immediately to Aratus^ 
whom he told that that part of the wall over which he 
had made bis efcape was almoft level with the ground on 
the infide, as it adjoined to a high rocky part of the 
city, and that on the outfide the wall was not fo high 
but it might ealily be fcaled. Upon this report Aratus 
difpatched Xmocles^ with tWo of his fervams Seutbas and ' 
Tecbnon^ to view the wall, refolving if he could doit 
fecretly and with one rifque, to hazard all at a pufli, 
rather than as a private peribn oppofe the tyrant by a 
long war and open force« 

' Xenocks and bis two companions having taken the 
height of the wall, returned, and reported that the 
place was in itfelf neither inacceflible, nor even diffi- 
cult, but that it would not be eafy to approach it with* 
out being difcovered, by reafon of a parcel of dogs be- 
longing to a gardener hard by, which were fmall in- 
deed, but very fierce and not to be (ilenced. Aratus 
immediately refolved upon the enterprize. It was an 
eafy matter for them to provide themfelvcs with arms, 
without giving the leaft jealoufy, becaufe of the fre- 
quent incurfions made for plunder by one ftate upon 
another. The ladders were prepared by Euphranor one 
of the exiles, who being a carpenter by trade, made 
them openly without giving any fufpicion. He raifed 
his men among his friends at ArgoSy who having but 
few to fpare fupplied him with ten a-piece j to thefc he 
added thirty of his own domefticks. He alfo hired a 
fmall party oi XenopbiluSy Captain of a band of plunder- 
ers, to whom it was given out that they were to march 
into the territories ofSicyon to feize the King's ftud ; and 
many of them were fent before by different ways to the 
tower of PotygnotuSf with orders to wait there for his 

K 3 arrival. 

fp The L J f E of ^ 

ftfiivaL • Caphefias likewifc was font before with four of 
his companions, who wcic to arrive at the gardeher'^s 
h<yule when it was dark, and pretending to be travel- 
lers, get a lodging there, and then confine both him and 
):tts dogs; for there was no other way to that part of 
the wall. As for the ladders, they being made to take 
|n* pieces, were packed up in corn-chefts, and fent be- 
fore in waggons prepared for that purpofe. 

In the mean time fome of the tyrant's fpies arrived at 

^gos 5 and it being reported that they were fent to watch 

^atus^ he appeared early the next morning in the mar- 

Jcet-pl^ce, where he convcrfed with his friends \ then he 

went to the Gymnafium^ where he performed his exercifes^ 

and anointed himfelf ; and taking with him from thence 

feveral young gentlemen who ufed frequently to drink 

\yith him and join in his parties of pleafure, he returned 

][K)me. Sopn after this his fe^vants were (cen in the 

market-place, fome carrying garlands, fome buying 

ftaenbeauK, and others difcourfing with the women who 

pfcd to fing and play at entertainments. The fpies ob- 

fervingall thefe things were deceived, and faid Taugh- 

^ ing one to another, Nothing c(tn be more timbrous than a 

V fyrant 5 Jince even Nicocles, who is mafter offo large a city^ ' 

p find is a man offucb^ower and authority^ ftands in fear of a 

youth who waftfs the fmall pittance he has to fuhftft on in bis 

0xile in drinking and revelling even by day- light. Being 

thus deli^ded they returned home. 

Butj^ratus as foon as dinner was over fet out from Ar- 

^oSj and h^ftened to the foldiers who waited for him at 

the tower oi Pfilygnotus. As foon as he had joined thern 

he le,d them to Nemea^ where he difcovered to them his ' 

true defign, He firft animated them with many exhcr- 

j fatjons and promifes j and when he had given the word, 

7^ which was prppitioHs Jpollo^ he led them ftrait to Sicrcn, 

*; proportioning his march to the motion of the moon, 

fometimes quickening arid riien flackening his pace, io have the benefit of her light upon the way, and 

^o arrive at the gardener's houfe, which was clofe to the 

wall, jufi- as file was fet. Here Caphejias came up- to 

\yitfiy and told him he could not fccure the dogs bccaufe 

A R A T U S. 1$% 

they bad been kt out before his arrival^ but that he 

had made Aire of the gardener. This diflieaitened moft 

of tbeiD, fp that they prefled him to give oyer his en* 

terprize, and return ; but he continued to encourage 

them> and 4t the fame time promiled that if the dogs 

grew very troublefome he would retire. He caufed 

thofe who carried the ladders to march before, under 

the condud oiEcdelus and Atmfitbeus^ wbilft he followed 

Jeifurely with the reft. The dogs began to hark very 

loud, and Ecdebu and bis companions; notwith* 

(landing which tbey got fafe to the wall, and jirfanted 

their ladders. But as the foremoft of them were mount* 

ing, the Captain of the watch that was to be relieved by 

the morniiig'guard, pafled by that way at the found of 

a bell, with many torches, and a great deal of noife i 

whereupon they laid themfelves clofe to the ladders, and 

fo were unobferved ; but when the other watch came 

to relieve the former they were in the utmoft danger. 

* But having efcaped that alfo, immediately Mnqfilbeus 

and Ecdelm got upon the wall, and polTefling themfelves 

lof the. paiOages on each fide, tbey fent away fecbmn to 

jirattUj defiring him to make all the halle he , could. 

The garden was not very diftant from the wall, and 

from a certain tower in which a great greyhound was 

placed to keep watch : yet he did not he^r jthem as 

they marched forward, either becaufe he was naturafly 

drowfy, or becaufe he had been overwearied the day 

faefore ; but the gardener's dogs barking below awar 

kened him. He at firft only growled, which was little 

obfervedj but. when he heard the exiles marching near 

the tower,«he then barked fo loud that the whole plac^ 

refounded with the noiie, and the centinel at a diftanqe 

called out to the dog keeper, and aflced him, JVhat ft 

was made bis dog bark at that rate^ and if any thing: extra- 

ordinary bad b^ened to occafion it? The dog keeper re^ 

plied, There was nothing worth notice ; that only the light 

of the torches belonging to the guards and' the noife of the 

belly had fet him a barking. This reply much encouraged 

Aratus^% jbldjers, who thought the dog-keeper was privy 

to their defign^ and therefore concealed what was paf- 

K 4 fngj 

"xja -^ LI F E of \ 

fing ; and t6at many others of the ci^ were of the CMH 
rpiracy • But when they came to fcale the wall» the zt^ 
tempt then appeared both to require time, and to be 
full of danger ; for the ladders fhook and bene ex- 
tremely if they mounted them not leifurely, and one by 
one ; and the time prelTed, for the cocks began to crow^ 
and the country people that ufed to keep the market 
were upon the road to town. Wherefore /iratus hafted 
to get up himfelf, forty only of the company being 8l<» 

J ready upon the wall \ and (laying but for a few more of 
pv thofe who were below, he marched directly to the ty* 
rant*s palace, and the main-guard where his mercenary 
foldiers kept watch ; and coming fuddenly upon xhem^ 
and taking them prifoners without killing any one of 
them, he immediately fent to all his friends, defiring 
them to quit their houfes, and join him, which they 
did from all quarters* By this time the day began to 
appear^ and the multitude flocked together into the 
theatre, where they were held in fufpence by uncertaio 
reports, and knew nothing diftinftly of what had hap- 
pened, till a publick crier advancing forward proclaimed 
s A ^*aloud, ^hat Aratu^ the fon if Climbs invited the citizens 

'■'J to recover their tiberty. Then believing that what they 
h^d fo long wifhed for- was now come to pafs, they 
prelTed in throngs to the tyrant's palace to fet it on hre^ 
and fo great was the flame, that it was ktn as far as 
(Corinth \ fo that the Chrinthians wondering what the oc*- 
cadon fhould be, were upon the point of coming t^ 
their affiftance. J^icocles made his efcape through cerv 
tain fubterraneous paiTages, and fled out of the city; 
and the foldiers helping the Sicycnians to quench the Bre 
plundered the palace: This Aratus permitted ; and he 
divided alfo the reft of the tyrant's wealth amongft the 
citizens. Not one of thofe engaged in this enterprize 
was flain, nor any of the contrary party ; fortune lb 
'^ conducing it as to keep it entirely clear from civil 

bloodibed. » 


(4) This cliarafter of Aratux book of Polyhius* Aratus ^vas a 
Jn Pluiarcb jigrees e9ca£Uy with pfrfon txceidlngly njotll qualified (0 
^ftt W€ find of him ia th« fpurtb ^^ at fie he<!Ld ^ fff^irs ; for tt 

A R AT ITS. 15 J 

AnUui reftpredrail the exilesv not only chofe who bad 
feecn banifhedtby Nicocks^ who were fourfcore :in num- 
ber-, but likewife thofc ^ho had bc5cn expelled by the 
Ibrmer tyrants, .;vrho were not fewer than five hundred, 'j 
^ndfome o£vfhotn had led a wandering life for the 
{pace of fifty years;* Thefc .returning home in a mifer- 
able indigene condition feized upon their former pofiei*- 
£ons^ and their .ieYeral. farms anid.hQUfes, which was the 
cccafiom of great perplexity loAtatus. . For he faw than 
jfiroin without Amigonus cafL. iibcftyious eye upon, the 
.eicyy and watched an opportunity to. get ic into his pof^ 
fi^ion everiince it Had* been Teft^ed tq its liberty.; dnd 
'8£:homeitwasfuiLbf diibrdefiandfodijcion. , Thcfefore 
in the prefent ifitn^a^cion he thought it^beft toa0bciate the 
ipeofile to the^f^^M^Gorhmunif y^ \ {|nd beipg D.Qridns.^ they 
, willingly took the name and:tbe form of go vermnent of 
the Adoauns^ who at' that time had no great pow^r or j 
authority ; for mici(fe. of them li^ed in ftnall towos, .and ' 
.their territoiy: wa?. neither largffrnor fruitful, and the 
neighbouring fea was without pOrtSs entering the land 
for. the mofb parti in rocky cr«ek$, .And yeteMen tlicy 
.made it evidemtly. .appear that ^t,Grttian force.w^s ia^ 
Tincibie, when order andf. concord athome,iand 
condudedbytaGcaeral of wifdorbA©d;expefiencr>' For 
•dieie very Acbiecmss whofe poweh^wis fo inconfKlefable 
when comfmred with that of the ahdcntGrwV^J, . wbofe 
whole (trength was hardly equal to.; that of an ordinai^y 
cicy^: by prudence and unanimity, and by obeying and 
following him- amongft them who was moft eminent for 
virtue, inftead of envying him for his .fuperiority, .not 
only prefcFved dieir own liberty' in the midft of fo m^ny 
great and powerful cities and governments, wdia ipite 
of fo many .tyrnnts,. hut .dclivecedlthe greateft part of ^ 
Greece from flavery. ) 

(4) As for the charader of Arafus^ he wa3 publick- 
•fpirited, magnanimous, more folicitous about the weU \ 
tare of the ftate than his own private concerns, a bitter \ 

enemy t 

fbeught ftvi/elyy and/p^ke properly^ Ht tore with great jevifer tie \ 
\ev14lfu man knenu tetter bofw to con- heats and animofities tbat^ar\fe fr^m 
ie^VftaS he bad. once rejhlved upon, political cqnfertJons, and ha4 a pe* 


'«nemy to tytants^ and made the common good the mea* 
fure of his friendfhips and enmities; ip that he leemed 
to have been not fo much a zealous and afiedlipnate 
rfriend, as a placable and gentle endtny, 'his regard far 
particular men always varying accordingto the circum<> 
Itances of the commonwealth. Of all thofe things which 
-areefleemed mod excellent, none gave him fogre^tde-' 
light as concord between nations, afibciations of cities^ 
and unanimity in publick aflemblies. With regard » 
^jpen wars; and pitdi«d battles^: he yras i jud ecd diffide nt 
l aind fe arful ; but in; comrlving anH^cxecuting any 
ifchemc, iii furprizing towns, and- dethroning tyranta« 
lie (howed confummkte ability. Hence (Cwas that after 
he had fucceeded in- many difficult caterprizes, agaioft 
^^11 probability, and had exerted the utmoft courage 19 
/ihe execution of them, he tbroughxautioaand timidity, 
Vleft many otb^s uhactempted, which W'ere within his 
/fpower, and were no lefs" confidcrable- iFor as among 
animals there are ibme who feei v«ry.>deaiiy by ' night, 
fnd ar^ blind intheiday^time, the drynefsand fubolty 
of the humours of the eye not fuffi^ring: them to bear 
the light ; fo amongft men we nieet with fome who 
I {j^twk and grow fearful in dangers which are to be en- 
' countered openly and'in publick view, and who on the 
coi^trary ihow a wondeif ul refolution in iecret ehtetap 
prizes. . This^ inequality is occafioned ^in noble minds ^ 
py the want of philofopby > for that virtue which is not ] 
produced by reafon andjudgment, refembleis thofe fruits 1 
that grow wild and uncultivated ^ as may be proved by J 

jiratus therefore having aiTociated himieJf and h\% 
city with the AchaanSy ferved in the cavalry, and was 
much bdoved by the fuperior officers. for his. exadtobo* 


tailoftaltHt 971 gaining friituls^ affd yrt thi* tjury AtAttls, fwhtm^f any . 

farmf2gftilianca. He Jb(m>fi4 grtitt, ibinj^ ivas to ha performed oMnlj^ 

art and Jkill in the^ enUf prizes. Joe nvas Jio^w in coming to a refolutton^ 

undertook and the Jiratagfms he con- and diffident in executing it, ' He 

Jifi'ved »gaif}fi the enemy \ and be njcas intimidated in the frefence of 

executed tlk^i inifb fuccejs b^ bis pa^ the enemy ^ and terrified at the afh 

4ie/ice^ and courage* This appears pearance of danger. Hence it mteu 

Jrajk many tf- bk a^hns, See. And that a/l- Fcloponncfus aboundeJ 


A R A IT US. i^s 

dfenc> ; f(Jr though heiiaid mxdt fo ktge m ddditioA 
to the^icoinmunity, as that of his own credit, and the 
power of his country; yet he was as ready t6i- be com^ 
mandcd by any of the Aci^an^ Generats^ Whether of Z))w4 
or Thyk;^ ot any town ftill niorc incc^ftderable, as any 
comoKm foldier. When the king of^/B^pl- ferit him 
a prcfent of twenty-five talents, he- received it, hot ^ 
diftribuccd the whok ^among his needy Wlow^citizens; \^ 
part of it being applied to relieve their neceflkifes, antl 
ihe tdmaindcr to redeem. iRe prifoners; ' 

But the exiles being fey no means to be fetisfied'^ 
;and diftarbing continually thbfe who were in pofleffioii 
of their cftatc«, the city was in great danger of bein^ 
ruinai by civil diffcntions. Having therefore no hope 
left'him, but from the kindnefs ofFtolemy^ he rcfolve4 
i6 go to him, and to beg fo much tnon^*of him as 
would fatisfy all parties. Accordingly he'fct fail from 
Mrtboni above the pronfmntory of Af^/^^,defigning to paft 
from ^erice direftly lO^gypL But the prlot not be- 
ing able to keep the veflel up againft the 'ftrong winci 
and iiigb feas, he was turned from his cbiirfej and wrrti 
much ado got to jdrtaj an enemy*s town ; for it was 
pofie&d by Antigonus^ who had a garrMbn in it. • To 
avoid falling into their hands he imrrtediately landed,' 
.aisd leaving the Ihip went up into, the country a good 
way from the fea, having along with- him- only oner 
friei^ called Timanthes \ and hiding themfelves in a cer- 
tain woody place, theypftfl&d the night veiy difagree- 
ably. Soon aftef ' he left the fhip the governor came,* 
and enquired ^ov Araius^^ but he ^as deceived by Ara- 
tus'^ fcrvants, who had been inftriicVed to fay their hia- 
fter was juft failed towards the ifland oi Eubicc \ where-' 
fore he declared the Ihip, the cargo, andTc^rvahts to be 

. lawful^ 

iviih trophies of his drfeatsy and not onh in d'tffeirfM cpf rations ^ huf 

tb^ in the field he ivas eafily ^Jan- e^en in thch tfubi'/ajm kind, ^onte-^ 

quijhedo 'ihus nature has infujed times be is quuk-^jn*9ejit{Vf, aS 

/fiffereKt atui coitttary qualitiesy not others dull and ft up d\ io-day told 

only into the bodies of men ^ but more and enttrprizii/^, f-morrciu timers 

tfpecia^y into their miiids. So that cus and a^i^ar^y, ; 
tfjtfunti ffan aafe: ts t^ tlf Javier ^ . 

i$6 the LtFjE 6f \ 

Jawfirl prize, and detained thcim accordingly. A ftiif 
days after> while y^afas was hi great perplex! ty, by 
good fortune a Roman (hip happeiied to put in juft by 
the place of his ristreat, where hefometimea. looked out 
to diicover the coaft^ and at others kept himfelf cloie 
cocicealed. This (hip was bound fot Syria-, and the ma-* 
fier of it agreed wi(;h Ara^us. to lafid him in Carta. This 
yayage was : no lefs <langerous and tempeftuous than 
f^e fornier. .: 

He was a long time in pa(fing;fromG7r/^into jEgypti 
where wheji he arrived he was immediately admitted 
to audience, >a9d found the King very favourably difn 
pofed to lum on accdunt of the piftures which he ufed 
r to fend hhiV out of Greect For Aratus^ who had a fine 
I |afte in works of Ais kind, made many valuable col- 
j leftions of '•piiec^s done by the beft matters, efpecially 
J by Pampbilus ^^^rMdantbus (5), and fcnt them to Ptth 
kmy. For the Sicyonian pieces were even then in great 
efteem, as being the only paintings whofc colours wefe 
lafting ; fo t\it% Apclles himfelf, though already very 
famous,, went to Sicyon^ and gave the painters a talent 
to be admitted into their fchooL not fo much to learn 
' of ithem, ,as IP be a (barer with them in their reputa- 
tion. For this reafon, Aratus^^ as foon as he had rfettored. 
the city to her liberty, deftroyed all the other porirai- 
tureis of tlie tyrant, but when he came to that of Art* 
ftralus^ who flouriflbed in the days oi Pbtlip^ he was in 
a doubt for a con(iderab]e titne ; for it was the Joint 
performance of all the fcholars of Melantbus^ ^ho had 
drawn him ftanding in a chariot of victory, zadApelies 
himfelf had a hand in it, as we are told by Polemo the 

, This piece was fo excellent that Aratus could hot 

forbear being touched with it ; but being on a fudden 

^ tranfported by his implacable averfion to tyrants, he 

"^^ *^ commanded it to be deftroyed. It is faid that Nealces 

(6) the painter, a friend of his, happening to be pre- 

' lent 

(5) Two of the moftcelebrft- Zv j had been brought up under 
ted of all the paioters, Famfhi- Eufompw^ ana was the mafter of 

I s JpclUi 

A R A T U S. 157 

fent. when that order wa& given, entreated him with 
.tears in hts eyes to fpsu^ that piftbre, and finding him 
inflexible, Aratus^ faid he, we wilt allow to make war 
upon tyran^Sy hut not npon^ what belongs to them ; tbere^ ^ 
fore /fare the chariot^ and the viSoryj and you Jball foon I 
fie Ax'x^rztxx^ vamft> out. of ^ibe piece. AtaJLu^ confeoting | 
to it, Neakes effaced the figure of Arifir^tus^ and painted ^ / 
a palm-tree in its ftead,. without prefuming to add any 
thing elfe of his own. However, i; is faid thai the 
feet of Arijiratus ftill appeared obfcurely at the bottom • 
of the chariot. 

This tafte for painting had already recommended 
Aratus to Ptolemy \ but after he had m^e himfelf bet- %, 
ter known to him by his converfation, the King was ^ 
exceedingly pleafed with him, and prefented him with 
a hundred and fifty talents, for the relief of his city. 
Of thefe Aratus took forty with him, when he returned 
•to Peloponnefus \ the King divided the remainder into 
ieveral portions, and configned them to him by fo many 
.different payments. This was a great and noble aftioft 
oi Aratus^ to procure in this manner fo confiderable a 
ium for the benefit of his fellow- citizens, at a time 
when nothing was more common than to fee command- 
ers, governors, and demagogues, for much fmaller 
fums opprefs, enflave, and betray to the Kings, their 
cities and communities^ But it was a ftill greater ac- 
xion, by means of this money to eifed a reconciliation 
J9etvireen the rich and the poor, to compofe all thcir"^ 
differences, and eftabliih a perfei^ harmony among the 

His moderation in the exercife of has great power 
and authority was truly admirable. For being declared 
fole arbitrator of the djfFepences of the exiles^ he would 
^QX accept the commiffion alone; but afibciating fifteen 
' of the citizens with hi^, he with great pains aitd trou- 
)blc adjufted their claims, and fettled peace and friend- 
ihip in the <;ity % for which fervice not only all the 
/ citizens 

jfyfjUes uxkd Mekntbus. .reputation. Me painted the naval 

{J^)iifaifCswvA^fVimem(fftzt '!tSghc of the ^gyfYtani againft 

. ■ ' the 

fcttizens in general beftoiyp4di^h9noi«rsti|^n:h&^ 
the exiles, apart by themfefves, erejSked' \m .ftotue w 
brafs, with the foUawing iafcription : 

Y Greece, freed from foreign and domejlick foes^ 
To thee her honour and her f&fety owes. 
'For this J iUuJlrious chief thy bright renown 
Spreads from the rifing to the fef ting fun. 
JVbilft we, in token of unfergnvd fraife^ 
This Jlatue to our great deliverer raife. 
Here midfi our faviour Gods triumphant ft^J^ 
The ornament and guardian of our land: 
What lefs can Sicyon, or can we afford ? 
She to herfelf and we to her rejlor^d. 

Aralus by thefe important fervices fubdued the enry 
of the citizens. But Antigoms being uneafy at his fuc-^ 
cefS) and refolving either to fix hiin in his intereft^ or 
at leaft render him fufpeded to Ptolemy^ gave him fe^ 
veral extraordinary marks of \^% favour, though he 
neither defired, or did any thing to deferve them> 
Among other things, haying one day performed a facri- 
ficc Sit Corinth^ he fent porpons of the vidim to Aratus*^ 
and in the midft of the feaft, when the table was full of 
company, he faid aloud that all might, hear him, I a$ 
firji looked on this youth of Sicyon no otherwife than as one 
of a^ generous Jpirity and%eakusfar the liberty of his ecmh 
\ try I but I now look upon him as a good judge of the mam-^ 
ners and aSions of princes. For formerly be dejpifed us \ and 
fixed his hopes and dependeiue in foreign' parts ^ admiring the 
riches of JEgypt, her elephants^ and fleets^ and the magnir 
fice^ce of her, palaces •, but ww, after having taken a hearer 
view^ and finding all this, to be nothing, butfhow mtd page* 
antry, he is come ever to us i and for my part I willingly 


f ^ 

the Ferfiem% ; and to fhow* that the and a crocodile near hhn upow 

adiioa was on the iV/i5p, thf water rhe watch, and ready &> faltew 

of which is in colour like that of upon hioi. PUn. Uh. xijit^ ^; \i^ 

the fea, he reprefented that by a ^ * ^ ' 

fymhol,^hich was not within the A (7) We are not to confound 

compafs of his art to exprels ; he this aftion with thaf famous baV 

drew ah afs diinking on the fh^re^. tie of Ck^ran^^ where »the- %bi^ 

A ft A T U S^ 1S9 

/iciiv& hhfh ^r^lvit^ to make great ufe ef inmn^filfy 
etmmand y(m fo kik upon Urn as a perfon joined in friend^i 
Jhip with you^ 

' The envious ak)d malicious taking advantage of this, 
dlfcourfe, ftrove who fhould be the firft to charge hint 
with the heivieft calumnies in their letters to Piolcmj^ ^ 
Who wrote to him, and expoftiilated with him. To 
ibch envy and ill-will are they expofed who enjoy the 
favour pricings and tyrants, which is fo ardently and 
Intenfely purfued by many* . : 

Aratus being for the firil time chofen General of the 
Aebdfans^ went and ravaged the country of Lseris^ which 
iies on the other fide of the gulf of Coriniby and plun«i 
dered the territories of Calydm. He marched alfo with 
fen thoufand men to the fuccour of the Bastians^ b\xt 
did not arrive till after the battle near (7) Chimmea^ 
where they were beaten by the jEtotians^ and loft Jba^ 
etritus their Greneral, and a thoufand of their foldiers* 
(8) The yea^ following being again ekdted General, he 
made that famous attempt of retaking the fortrefs of 
i/f^^r^;r/^5; hot (b much for the advantage of the 
Siiyonians or Acbaans^ as coniidering that by driving 
thence the Macedonian garrifon, he (hould take the yoke 
*from off the neck of all Greece. Charts the Athefdan 
having the good fortune to gain a cenain battle againit 
the King of Perfia*s lieutenants, wrote to the people of 
Athens^ and told them, that this viftory was Sifter to 
that at Marathon ; and fo may this adion of Aratus be jl 
well termed Sifter to thofe of Peldpidas the Tbeban^ and ^ 
Tbrafybuhs the Athenian^ when they flew the tyrants ; 
except perhaps it may be faidto exceed them on this 
'account, that it was not undertaken againft Grecians^ 
but againft a foreign power. The Iftbmus of Corinth^ 


lans atfd Jtbitiiant were over- tmh memoirs, ihd begun his hi- 
tlirbwn by PhiUp, ^hich happen- ftory where the other left ofF, Celts 
fed in the third year of the htin- ns there were, eight y^us between 
dred dnd tenth Olympiad^ fiity- Jrtus'^ firft Generalihip, and his 
fixyears-tesforft jjifr birth of Jrf^ fecoixd, in which he furprized the 
ttts. ,. , • . . » '* * ' . citaderof C^r/»/^, ' • 

(8) Ptfi'^/W> who followed *//i«- • •" V,' . 

(9) This 


i:6o Tie L IF E of 

which nih$ between the two fets, unites the contiitcnt 
of Greece with that of Peloponnefus^ and whenever the 
citadel of Corinth^ which is built on a high bill juft in 
die middle between chofe two continents, is well gar* 
rifoned, it can cut off the communication with Pelepon- 
nefus^ prevent the paflage pf troops, and prohibit all 
manner of commerce both by fea and land ; fo that it 
makes him who is pojQefled of it mafter of all Greece, 
Wherefore the younger Philip King oiMacedcn was not 
in jeil, but fpoke with great truth when he called the 
f\xy ot Corinth thefettefs ^Greece. It is no wonder 
therefore if this poft was earneftiy contended for by allt 
efpecially by Kings and Princes. 

The paiTion with which Antigonus defired to get it 
into his pofleflion was fo ftrong that it equalled the 
violent tranfports of a frantick loven His thoughts 
.were continually employed in contriving how to take it 
by furprize from thofe who were niafters of it ; for he 
defpaired of doing it by open force. Alexander^ who 
who was pofTefled of it, being killed by poifon» and» 
as it is faid, by his diredion, it fell into the hands of 
his wife Hicaa^ who took upon her the adminiftration 
of affairs, and was particularly careful of that import* 
ant fortrefs. Antigtmus immediately fent to her bis fon 
Demetrius^ alluring her with the hopes of making him 
marry her; and it was no difagreeable profpe<ft to a 
woman fon^what advanced in years, to think of be- 
ing married to a young Prince fo amiable as Demetrius. 
By this bait fhe was taken ; for (he wanted ftrength to 
refift fo powerful a temptation. However, ihe would 
not deliver up the place, but held it with a very Ilrong 
garrifon, which he ieerning to take no notice ot, 
celebrated the wedding in Corinthj entertaining the 
people with ihows and feafts every day, as one who 
thought of nothing but n)irth and pleafure. One 
day, when the famous mudcian Amcsbeus was to perform 
on the theatre, Antigonus waited in pcrfon on Nicaa^ 
who was carried thither in a litter magnificently Adorned, 
and who being exceedingly * elated with the great 
honour done to her,'Iicde thought of what was. to hap^ 


A k A t t; g. idi 

j)etii As Ibon as they wett coitie to a mfi^g ^lAdk 
led op to the citadel, he ordttfed the men who bore the 
inter to* ff> on before to the theatre } then bidding fare-* 
wel to Ammbna aiid die weddinlgi he haftened up to ih^ l 
Qaftle wkh more %eed than could be expeAed fronl ^ 
one of his years. Fiodi^ the gate (hut, he knocked 
mrith his ftaff, and commanded it to be opened^ Thtt 
ibldierswho were in garrifon being furprited to ie6 / 
him, did as he commanded them. In this manner he f \ 
iDade himfelf mafter of the citadel ; at which he waa ' * "-" 
Co tranfported with joy that he could not contain him*^ 
felf, but fell to drinking and revelling in the open 
ftreets, and places of publick refort, attended with fe« 
male fingei^s, and crowned with garlands. When we fe^ 
6 manot Yni age, who had experienced h many turns of 
fortune, thus wantonly rioting, and (topping every one 
fee met, to falute and carefs them, we mud confefs that 
^inexpedted joy nriore difturbs^ and agitates the mind of 
a man void of difcretion, than either fear or forrow. 
* Anfigonus having in this manner pofle(red himfelf of 
Acrecorinthus^ put a garrifon into it, confiftingof tho(e 
k) whom he chiefly confided, and made 'Perfaut the 
philo(bpher governor. Aratus^ even in the life-time of 
'Alexander had formed a de(ign to feize on that fortrefs ; 
but when aii alliance was made between Alexander and 
the Acha^ns^ • he dcfifted frorii the execution of it. But 
now he could not refift a flrefii opportunity, which of"- 
fered itfelf in this manner. There were in Corinth four 
brothers, Syrians by birth, one of whom named Diodes 
ferved as a foldier in the garrifon •, but the other three 
having feized on fome of the King's treafure,- retreated 
to Sicyon^ and applied thcmfclves to ovi^ JEgias i banker, 
^hom Aratus' made ufe of mo all money tranftftions. 
*Part of this treafure they immediately Told to hinrV J^nd 
Erginus^ one of the three, g6ing often to fee* him, fold 
all the reft to him by parcels: and this commerce 
created by degrees a familiarity betwixt him and the 
banker. jEgias led him into a dilcourfc con<- 
cerning the citadel and the gaiTifon. Erginu^^ among 
other things, told him that as he often went thjither to 
- Vol. yi. L vilit 

i64 Xbe LIFE ^ 

irific Kis l9*<Kher^ he bad obfervcd oq that fi4c wl^cfr 
Yt^s ftcfpeft^ a fmall winding path cut in the. rock^, 
leading to a part ol the wall^ which was much lower 
fhan any of the reflu Upon this '^giss iaid to him 
>Wij^ a fmile, A»d wit Sf^u^ wyfr,iindyrnnfucb.ariJkfor 
fif/ake rfan iiuonfiderablc fimofnwn^^^when it is in.ypw 
p^er to purcb^fe i^ftmenfe riches^ with no more than on^ 
hmrU ftrmci ? Do,yjou not know thut if yon are taken yote 
mill be pimjbed as Jeve$^ely for this petty theft as if ym 
^ad betnyedtbe e(tadel ? At thefe words Erginus laughed^ 
and promifed JSgias to ibund his brother Diocles^Jor^ 
^d Jhie, 1 cannot^ confide much in the other two. ' ,, 

,. Within a few days after this he returned, and .uodg*^ 
took to condud Aratus to that part of the wall.whsii? 
it was no more* th^n fifteen foot high, and to afliA: i^i^ 
in the execution of his enterprize, with the conc^rr^ce 
of his brother Diocles. Jtatus on his part agreed t^ 
give them fixty talents, in cafe he fucceeded ; and if 
they mifcarried, and returned all fafe back to Si(yo^$ 
he promifed to give each of them a houfe, and a ta- 
lent. The threefcore talents being to be lodged in, the 
bands o£jEgiaSy and Aratus neither having fo much i^jr 
him, nor being willing to give any grounds of fufpi^ipn 
by borrowing it from others, he depofited his plat^.and 
his wife's jewels with ^giasas a fecurity for the n\pr 
f iiey. For fuch was the generofity of his mind, at^d fo 
^ Xtrong a psiBion bad he for great exploits, that rememr 
luring that Phocion and Epaminondas were efteemed the 
beft an4 jufteftof all the Grecians^ becaufe they fcorned 
the greatieft prefents, and would not proilitute their 
honour for money, he ftrove even to out-do them, and 
choie to 1^ at all the charge himfelf in promoting ii^ 
enjterprizC) in which he ran all the , hazard, for the 
fake of the reft, who did not fo much as know what he 
liy^ undert^ing for them. And is there any one even 
I j^' this age who does not admire fuch vjrtiie, whofe 
i Jyul is nop warmed, and raifed above itfelf by the con- 
1 i?*RPJ^^i^n of the heroick magnanimity of that 
I who fo dearly purchaied fo great a danger, and depoir 
I filed in the hands of another the mod valuable of his 


A k A f U S> i6^ 

^MfeflSifafs Ibr 4h ofcjportunitf of cKfJofirig hiS life 
amofagft-liis enemies in the'dted of night, >«^ith<klt re-* 
cdVing'*?riy otheV pledge or^^f^aJfii^on his pait Aan 
tfte^ h%rs bf p'etformf ng a gloriaus aftibri ? ^ » : 
" Yhis^^hft^pfiie, though fo dang^fotis in itfelfi Wai 
fftade ttidch rtiof^ lb by an error which happened 
IhfOti^h ignorance in the very bcgittnin^: ForTtcifi^ 
Wohy onfiof ^/3?/«i's'ftrVtats, was fen^away to Dib^f^ 
that rhi^jr might together vieW the Wall. TedbkM had 
tleydr feen Diodes^ But thought he Ihduld certalftlf 
knoWhiiti by the marks JSf^/«^j had givtn of hitff^ 
•who defcribed him as having curled haif,' a fwarth^ 
cbmplekion, and no beards Bting come therefore to 
the appointed place, l^e waited without the gates, in the 
place called Ormis^ for Ef-ginus and Diodes. In the mean 
time Ditf^rji/luSy elder brother to Erginus and Diodes^ who 
kndw nothing at all of the affair, but much refembled 
Dioclis, happened to pafs by. Technon^ ftruck with th€ 
I'tfembtance, afked him, if he had any cortnedbion with 
JSrgims I he anfwered, that he was his brother; and 
^ecbnoA;^ fully perfUaded that he talked to Diodes^ with^ 
out fo much is alking his name, or ftaying for any 
bther tokfen^ gave him his hand, and began to difcourle 
with him and afk bifn qucftiotis concerning What had 
bcfeft S§rcecf upon with Ergtnks. Diortjfftus cunningly 
ehc6Uraging his mift^ke, feemed to underftaftd hi^ 
very well, and retufnlrig towards the city, hdd him ih 
flifcourfe Withbut caufing In him '^ny fufpicfon. And 
beiHg 'now near thfe' gate; he was juft about to feize oh 
hirh. When by chaftce £^'^/»«i .'met thiSrti,^ arid appte- 
hendffig' the cheat and the danger,' beckdhed to 7edbnoh 
tb make hi^ efcape ; and ihimediatefy both of them be- 
taking themf^lves to flight,* r&n as faft as they could 
t6Ardtur. 'He, notWithfti^ding thij'amdehtdrd not 
defpair, 'biit immediaftely^ fent iway*£?yf»/r^ to D/wy- 
Jius i'itH money t6 bribe ^jm to filencej' and he not 
only effefted that, bii^S^brdoght him albttg'with him to 
Aratus. As foon as'they had got hirfi inf tKfeir power 
they thought it mi fafe to part with hihi, but botind 

L 2 bimi 

|64 7ie ^L IF E pj ' 

hinfi, abd confined bim clofe, whilft they prepared fg| 
the execution of their enterprize. 

When all things were in readinefs, A'afus cotn^i 
manded his. troops to be in arms all night.; and tak*» 
ing with him four hundred chofen mens few pf w^om 
)cnew what^ they wer^ going about, he kd theip ftr^C 
to the g^tes of the city by the temple of Juno. It wa| 
about the midil of fummer ; the moon was at full *, an4 
the night was clear without any clouds ; fo that theif 
arms glittering by moon-light made them run a great 
Jliizardof being difcojered by the guards. But ^ th^ 
fpremoft of them came, near the city, a great mift arofe 
from the fea, and darkened the city and the parts ajlr 
jacent. There^all the troops fat down to put off their 
ihoes, as well to prevent their making a noafe, as be^ 
,caufe they would be lefs fubjeA to flip if they mounted 
the ladders barefooted. But Erginus taking with him 
rfeven young men habited like travellers, got unob^ 
ferved to the gate, and killed the keeper of the gate» 
and the guards that were with him. , At the fame i\m% 
the ladders were placed againft the walk; and Aratus 
having in great hade got up a hundred men, he comr 
manded the reft to follow as well and as foon as they 
could \ and immediately drawing up his ladders, he 
marched through the city with his hundred men tOr 
wards the citadel, being overjoyed and in a manner, 
fure of fuccefs, becaule he had proceeded thus far un- 

. As they were advancing they met four of the watch 
With a light, which gave Aratus and his party a fuU 
jand timely view of them, whilft they remained undifr 
covered, the moon being ftill overclouded. After hav* 
ing lain a little while in ambufli among fome old ruinif^i 
they fallied out upon the men, and killed three of them^ 
but tbcc fourth, having been wounded by a fword in 
the head, ran away, crying out, that the enmy w&r€ 
gpt into the city. Immediately upon this the trumpet3 
-fiSiunded an alarm, and the whole city was in an up- 
iroar« Xbe ftrects were in a moment full of people 
jpttooing fome one way and fonje another, and illumi- 

■ I 

A R A T.U S. 165 

fiated by an infinite number of lights which were^ 
kindled in the city, and on the ramparts of the citadel,- 
, and a <:onfufed noife was heard from every quarter. - 

In the mean time Aratus kept on his way, and la^^ 
boured to get' up the rock. At firft he went flowly,) 
and with much difEculty, having loft the path, which 
lay deep, and was overfhadowed by the craggy parts 
of the rock, and led to the wall with many windings 
and turnings : but the moon imniediately, and as ic 
were by miracle, difperfing the clouds, gave him light; 
ifn the moft djfEcult part of the way, till he got to the 
wall, and then the clouds reunited, hid the face of the 
moon, and once more involved every thing in obfcu-^ 

The three hundred foldiers Aratus had left without 
^ gates near Juno's temple, entring the town, found 
k full of tumult and confufion, and every where illur 
tninated ; and not being able to find the way Aratus 
had taken, nor difcover any footfteps of him, they 
jk^eened themfelves under the fhady fide of a rocky 
precipice, where they waited in the utmoft diftrefs an4 
perplexity. By this ume AnUus was engaged upon the 
ramparts of the citadel, from whence a noife defcended 
like that of combatants ; but as it was ecchoed and re-* 
peated from the adjacent mountains, it was not knowa 
from whence it firft proceeded. Whilft the three hun- 
dred foldiers were in doubt which way to turn them- 
jelves, Arcbekus captain of the King's guard taking a 
good number of foldiers with him made up towards the 
citadel, with great (houts, and trumpets founding, tQ 
attack Aratus^ and marched by thofe three hundred 
men without perceiving them.' He had no fooner 
pafiEbd diem but they rofe, as from an ambufcade, fel( 
upon him, and killing the firft they encountered, ipf 
terrified the reft, together with Anhekus himfelf, that 
they put them to Bight, and purfued them till they 
were quite broken and difpeffed*:^. 

As foon as this a&ion was over Etginus arrived, be- 
iog fent from the party under Aratus^ to acquaint theni 
thac they were engaged with the enemy, who defende4 

L 3 them- 

V ' 


l66 ne LtF'E 4f 

themfelvea with much refolutiors and that /^atm 
ftodd in great need of their Ypecdy afliftancc. They^ 
Immediately defired iiim to lead them on,^ and as the]^^ 
marched up they (ignifkd their a{>proach by loud flioutlj^ 
on purpoie to encourage their friend^. The moon, 
which happened then to be at full, ihining oh their 
armour, made them appear to the enemy" at thatdtftanco 
more in number than they really were j and as the fi-* 
knee of the night rendred the ecchoes more ftrong 
and fendble their (houts feemed to proceed from a much 
more confiderable party. At laft when they were all 
joined they charged fp violently that they drove off the 
enemy, and by break of day were mafters of the cita- 
del and garrifon ; Ffo that the firft rays of the rifing 
fun feemed to illuftrate the glory of their exploit. By 
this time the reft of the army canie up to Aratus from 
Sicyon^ the Corinthians joyfully receiving them at their 
gates, and helping them to fecure the reft of the King's 

forces t 

As foon as Aratus \iz.A made his ^i^ry fecure, he 
came down from the citadel to the theatre, where a ip^fti 
multitude was afiembled out of turiofity to fe<i him and 
hear what he would fay to the Corinthian^. After he 
had drawn up his Acbaans on each fide of the avenues 
to the dieatre, be eame armed as he was from behind 
thefcenes; but his countenance was extremely altered 
through exceftive toil, and long watching, fo that the 
joy and alacrity with which his fuccefs had infpired 
him, were clouded and deprelTed by bodily we^knefii 
and fatigue^ The people, as foon as they beheld him, 
broke out into loud applaufes and congratulations \ and 
he taking his fpear in his right hand, leaned againft- 
it with his knee and body a little bent, and ftood a good 
while in that pofture, filently receiving the (houts and 
acclamations of tbofe who applauded his valour and 
extolled his fortune. When thefe firft tranfports of 
the people were over, and the theatre grew calm, col- 
kAing the litde fti^engtb he had left, he began an ora- 
fion in the name of the Acb^eans^ fuitable to the late 
aAion^ perfuading the Carintbians to aiJbciate themielvei» 

A R A T U S. 167 

%l^dle league i and at the fame time he delivered up^ 
CD them the keys of. the city, which had never been ia 
dn^r pofleffioa fince the time of Phitip. As for die of- 
ficers ef Araig09ms^ he difmifled ArcbelauSi, whom he had, 
taken prifoner ; Tl^ofhralhis refufing to quit the <\tf. 
iras put to death ; and Perfsem^ when he faw the citadel 
was loft, efcaped to Cencbre^e. It is reported that not 
long after when he was engaged in fome philofophical 
converfation, one of the company faid. Thai in bis 
optnicm mm biU 4 wife man was fa So be a Xjeneral\ in-- 
deedy replied he, cf all ZenoV maxims^ this formerly 
pUafed me the moft ; but now I am quite of another opinion^ 
having been comHnced by that youth of Sicyon* This ia 
related of Perfaus by many authors. 

Aratus immediately made himfelf mafter of the t^m* 
]rie of Junefi and the haven of Lecb^um^ where he (eized 
upon five and twenty of the King's ihips, together 
with five hundred horfes, and four hundred ^ian 
flaves, which he fold. The Achaans alfo put a gar^ V 
rifon of four hundred foldiers, and befide them fifty /\ 
dogs with as many keepers into Jkrocorintbus. 

The Romans J in admiration of PbHopcmen^ called him " 
tie lafi of the Grecians, as if no great man had ever 
fiace his time been bred amongft them ; but I may 
wdl fay that this was the laft of the Greaan exploits^ 
being comparable to the beft of them, both for the 
boldnefs and the fuccefs of it, as the confequences 
firovedi for the M^^^rr^^v revolting from Antigonus 
look part with Aratus^ and the Trazenians and Epidau* 
rians entered into the Acbsean league. His firft inroad 
was into Attica ; after which pafilng over into Salamim 
he plundered the ifland, turning tht Achaean force ever/ 
^ay, as now let loofe from confinement* Thofe pri-^ 
fo»ers that were freemen he fent home to Athens with- 
tMt ranfom ; which was the firft foundation of their rc«^ ' 
volt from Antigonus. He drew Ptolemy likewife into thp 
Ashman kzgfU^^ by refigning to him the mah^menC 
of the war, and getting him to be declared General 
both by fesi and land. And fo great was His reputa-^ 
tioa and cf«dit.a(Rong thp Achaans^ tt^t. thought he 

L 4 could 

1$^ neU^ F E ^f ; 

could not by law be chofcn thsir Gcij^cral every ytar^ . 

yet every other year he was chofcn j and by his cquQ'-; 

fels and actions he was in effe£i; always their com-^. 

-inandcx. For they perceived that neither riches nor 

fame, nor . the friendfhip of Rings, nor the private ia-^. 

tereit of his own country, nor any thing elTe, was {q 

dear to him as the encreafe of the Acbaian ppwcr and. 

greatnef$, ' For he tl^ogght: that cities which feparately 

were we^k and inconfidcr^ble might be preferved md 

: fuppofted by each other, when linked together by one. 

! common iptereft. And as. the members of the body live. 

and are nourilhed by their mutual communication ^nd 

connexion, and when once feparated decay^pd putrify ;. 

in th^ fatn^ manner are cities ruined by being disjoined/ 

from one another j but they mutually, afford fafccy and 

ftrength \yhen they are ynited together ?ind. become- 

parts of ,,pnp great body, by which they jsnjoy the,bc-» 

nefit of" that wifdorp th^t diccfts and gover-ns the 

whole. . ^. 

, Aratus therefore qbffrving that ajl the pipft cojifider* . 
^ble neighbouring cities were free, and lived vndefj 
their own laws, except AcgoS'^ and being uneafy to fee 
her continue in bondage, rcfolvcd tp.deftroy the-. 
tyran( ^rifiomachus who h^d her in fef vi&ude, beii;ig^ 
ambitious p pay the debt >^hich he owed that city for 
his education, by reftoring her to liberty,, and at the 
^ fame time to aflbciate fa ppwerful a IPfi^ber to th^. 
league of the 4<^haans. Nor were there men wanting 
who had the courage to yndertakefuch ar) enterpri;^^ , 
and JEfchylus and Cbarimene^ the foothfayer were at the . 
head of them ; but. they had no fwords, for the tyran| - 
had prohibited the keeping of thena under a fevere. 
penalty. To fupply this defedk Jr^fus caufcd feveral 
daggers to be prepared at Carinth^ and hiding them ii^ . 
the pack- fiddles of fonjqhorfes rfiat. wcr^ Mrryinjg ^, 

• /. / parcel 

^$U^ by'^i^ feryants, is not to 4^\fiJtP^* aod rarp«4^d al)iO(b^ 

\^ confounded with hixn, who tjr^nts in pnielty. ;: 

fvai^nngiMothefea at C^/?rir/4r. ~ (i) According to P^^^'v/ thii 

Tfef frft W^ 4^fi^Hff^^ bi| »^ W» »»#Prti*^a by Aratu^f'^ 

A R A -T' U' S. »69 

piFcel of ordiiia,ry ware$ to Ar^os^ he got them by that 
ftrat^gem conveyed to tfaenx. £ut Cbarimenes admit- 
inrg anocbe;r perfon as a partner in the defign^ without 
tiie confent of Mfchylus aad his aflbciates, they were fa 
i^ncenfed at it that they excluded him, and refolved to 
txecutq the dedgp by themfelves. As foon as Cbari^ 
mmei perceived th^eir intention, he in a rage went and 
dlifcovered the whole plot juft as the confpirators were 
jtpon the point of executing i.t. When they found 
tiiemfelves dcto^ted moftof thcni made their dcape ta 

, Not long after Jrijiomadms was flain by his fcr^ 
vaots (9), and jdnfiippus a worfe tyrant than he feized 
the ^vermnent ; upon which Aratus muftering all the 
Jiehaans that w^ete of age, hailed to the relief of the 
lyty(i), fuppofing that he Ihould find the -^rfiwj very 
isitdy to join with him* But the people being by cuf* 
torn reconciled to flavery, and none appearing to re-^ 
ceive. hi ni, ; he. retreated, having only given occafion ta 
aiCGufe the Acba^ns of committing ads of hoftiiity in the 
midit of peace ; : upon which account they were fued in 
the court of the Maniirueansj and Aratus not making hi$ 
appearance, Arifiippus cail them, and they were fined 
thirty Mina. And now both hating and fearing ^4«' 
fusy he formed a defign to kill him, and was fupported: 
in it by King Antigonus \ fo that Aratus was perpetually 
fpUowcd and witched by thofe who waited for an oppor* 
tunity jto murder him. But the fared guard of a ruler is 
the good- will of his fubjedils ; for where the nobility and 
c^gn.rnon people are not afraid .of, but for their Go ver* 
nor, he fees with many eyes, and hears with many; 
e^rs- whatever pafies ; wherefore I cannot but digrefs 
liere a little from the courfc of my narrative, to defcribc 
tha;t manner of life which Ariftippus was obliged to lead 
19 order to keep pofleifion pf defpotick power and regal 


mSkenJHififff^s'^ececdtdJrtfip' fame attempt u^on Jrgos at twa 

$niubm$ bat daring the tyranny of different times, and with the &m» 

%\it (econd, Jriftom^chus I anjefs it fucceiJK. See P^^^^ lib. ii. 

b^ jlll^wf^ ;hftt .uifr-^/w madp thf *^ ' '' 



if6 ^'^biJ L^l VE>\af!' 

fiate which ai^fbr generally envied^ admired, and extol^^ 
led, as the height of Human happinefaf. Thii^ tyraac^ 
whoi^had jMti^MHs.i6r his friend and ally, -v^ho main^ 
tained ib many trocps forthefecurity of his peifon, and 
«^b<^had>tak^ oare not to learn one of his enemies aliv^ 
in theJcicy, woald'xlot ^^ffer his guards to do duty in the 
palace, but infwe9^1 ftacion^ without, and round aboue 
it. A^r fbon as^ fopper was iovtr he conitantly fent 
away alt his dometlicks, faftened the doors himfelf, and^ 
then mounted wish his concubine into a little chamber 
above chrbugh a trap idoor, on which he placed his bed, 
and flepc (as a man in his condition may be fuppofed to 
flccp) always in ^fea^^ terror, and anxiety. The wo*' 
man's mother every night removed the ladder by which- 
f he climbed into his bedchamber, and locked it up in 
I another room. In the morning fhe brought it s^ain, 
I and called up this wonderful, this happy tyrant, who^ 
I came crawling out like a ferpent from his hole. Where* 
zsJratuSj who, not by the force of arms but by his-* 
virtue, and the authority of the law, obtained a firm and- 
perpetual command, who appeared in the view of the 
whole world in a plain veft and cloak, and manifefted 
himfelf on every occafion an. implacable enemy to all 
tyrants in general, has^ left behind hima^ pofterity which i 
remains in great honour and efteem among the Grecians 
to this day4 But of all thofe^ who feized ftrong caftles^ 
maintained lifeguards j and fenced themfelves with arms, 
gates, and barricadoes, how few have there been, who 
did not, like timorous hares, die a violent death, without 
' cither family, or honourable monument to prefer ve 
their memory? 

Aratus made feveral attempts both open and fecret to^ 
furprize AriJHppus^ and recover Argos out of his hands^i 
but always mifcarried. One 4iighc particularly he pro*- 
ceeded fo far as to plant lus ladders, and mount the wall 
with a fmall number of his followers, expofing htm- 
ielf to tlie utmoft danger. At ftrft he (lew all the guards* 
who oppoied him there \ but as fooo as day appeared 
the tyrant attacked him on every fide, whilft the ^^<t;^jji 
as if it had not been fortheirlibertiei that yfrii/ir/ was' 



A R A T US. f^i 

K^itang) and they were xinly prefiding^ «t the Nemem 
games, fitt totally filent and inaidUvc Itke-equicable and 
impartial fpe&atorB* However jir^ /^u ^defended himfelf 
with great relbiutioii ; and though be was wounded iat 
the thigh with a lance, he kept his ground all thatday^ 
and could he have maintained it the foUowiag night ha 
had carried his point i for the tyrant thought of nothinj 
but flying, and had already icnt aboard •. hit Aips mol 
of his creature. But no one gave Arahtt intelKgence oC 
it ; beiides, he wanted water, and was difabied by . hia 
wound from exerting himfelf any further. This con^ 
ftrained him to withdraw, and defpairing to /ucceed by 
way of furprize, he had recourie to open force, and led 
his army into the territories of vI^^a^, which he piua^ 
dered and laid wafte. 

This brought on a general engagement betwixt hinv 
and the tyrant near the river Cbares^ where he was ac- 
cufed of withdrawing himfelf too foon from tbebattle, A 
and thereby abandoning the vi<5bory. For w-hereas one ^ 
part of his army had apparently the advantage, and 
purfued the enemy to a great diftance, he on his part 
recreated in great diforder into his camp, not fo much 
becaufe he was overpowered by the enemy, as through 
fear and diffidence. When the others were returned 
kotn the purfuit they were extremely vexed to find that 
though they had routed the enemy, and killed a great 
many more of them than they had loft themfelves, 
yec they who were vanquiihed had been allowed to ere£fe 
the trophy. ^a$us being aflbamed of his mifcondudl; 
reiblved to fight a fecond time for the trophy. Where* 
fore having allowed his men one day to refrelh them* 
fetves, early the x)ext morning he drew theni up in order 
of battle. But perceiving that the enemy Mtere rein- 
forced with freih troops, and came on with more refo- 
luti^n than before, he durft not hazard a battle, but 
defiringa truce to bury his dead, retreated. However 
this error was obliterated by his courteous behaviour, 
as well as by his ll(iiful management in the adminiftra-^ 
tion, fbr he foon after brought the inhabitants oiCkcna 
into the^^«« aUiancei aad ^aiifed t\iQ,Nemean game» 


nyz / ne L,' IjF E of' 

to be cekbrated in that cicy;, to which they aMi^ntl^ 
^nd of right belonged. Thefe games were alfo cde'-* 
braced by the Argives at the fame time, which gave the 
grft occafipn to the violation of the privilege of fafo 
condud alwa^ys granted to thoie who appeared as com-^ 
J batants on that occafion ; for the Achaam lold as ene-: 
1 mies as n^aqy of them as they could meet with returning 
through their country from the games as Argos. Sa^ 
Vehement and implacable was the hatred that Araim 
\>oxt to tyrants. 

. Not long after ArMu having notice that An^iffia 
had a defign -upon C/^^ni^, but was afraid of him, be-- 
ttWit he then >refided in Qori$uby aflembled his army 
by publick proclamation; and commanding them to 
take."' along with them provifion for feveral days he 
marched to Cencbreay hoping by this ftratagem to en- 
tice Ariftippus to fall upoii Cleofue^ when he fuppofed 
^im atadiftanice. And fo it happened; ior Ariftippus- 
immediately marched his army againft it from Argos* 
But Aratus returning chat very night from Centhrea to 
Qorintb in the dufk of the evening, and Rationing 
guards in all the p^Qages, led on the Achaans^ who fol<- 
lowed him in fo good order and with fo nnich fpeed 
^d alacrity, th^t they were undifcoyered by AriJiippuSy 
not only whilil upon their march, but even after theyi 
had entered (^epM iXi the night, and were drawn up ia 
order of battle^ As foon as it was morning the gates 
being opened and the trumpets founding, he fell i^on 
the enemy with great fury, and routing them continued 
the purfuit^ efpeciaJly that way where he imagined that 
Ariftippus endeavoured to make his efcape, for there 
were a great many different roads. The purfuit lafted 
as far as A^^^iii^, where the tyrant was . Pain by a cer^- 
*'*tafifD"(^Ztf^r, called Tragifcus, as Dinias reports ; and of 
the. common foldiers there fell above fifteen hundred:* 
Yet chough ^r^i/^i h^d obtained fo great a viAory with<^ 
ovit the lofs of a man^ he could not make himfelf maf*-^ 
ter ofArgof^ nor reftore it to its liberty ; becaufe Agias^ 
and the younger Ariftom^ckus got into the town with tho 

King's forces, and fci^^d upon ihe govgrpment. But 


A R A :T IJ S. 171 

by tHlsexi>Ioit he filenced the rcproadie$, the feoffs and 
jefts of thofe who flattered the tyrants, and in raillery 
would f^y, chat the jlcJbaan General was ufually troub-** 
led with a loofenefs when he was to fight a battle, that, 
at the found of a trunf}t)et his eyes grew dim and his 
head giddy, and that when he had drawn up his 
armyt and given the word, he ufed to afk his )ieute«> 
bants and officers, what fweher need there could be of 
his prefence (ince the dye ^s caft, and then went aloof^ 
Co exped the event. And, fo much did thefe reports 
prevail, that when the phiiofophers difputed in their 
Ichools whether to have one's heart beat^ and to change 
colour upon any danger, be an argument of cowardice, 
or only of weaknefs and coldnefs of conftitution, Aratus 
was always quoted as a valiant General, but fubjeft to 
be fo affected in time of battle.^ 

Haying thus def|:royed Arijlippu^^ he next formed a 
defign againfl Lyfiades the Msgaiopolitan^ who tyrannized 
over his country. This. man was naturally. of ^ gcner* 
ous temper, and not .infen&ble of true honour. He 
was induced to ufurp the government, not by the ordi-^ 
fiary motives of other tyrants, licentioufncfs and ava* 
f ice, but being young, and ftimulated with the defire 
of glory, fufFcred his generous* mind to be ui^warily pre-* 
poifeffed by the vain and falfe applaufes given to ty* 
ranny as a very- defirabde and glorious thing. But he 
had no fooner feized on the government, than he grew 
weary of the weight of it *, and at once emulating the 
iiappinefs, and fearing the policy of Aratus^ he took a 
nobJc refolution firft to free himfelf from hatred and 
fear, from foldiers and guards, and then to be a pub-^ 
lick benefactor to his country. Sending therefore im- 
Aiedi^ely for Aratm^ he rcfigned the government, and 
incorporated his city into the Achaan community. The 
Acb^eans applauding this adrion chofe him General ; upon 
which, deliring to oxxt^n^ Aratus in glory, amongft 
many other improper things he declared war againit the 
Juacedam&nians \ and the oppofition vf\\\z\i Aratus made 
to this was thought to proceed from envy. Lyjiades 
was a fecond time chofen General, though Aratus ap«> 

peared . 

ij4 ""Tie: LUfE-of' 

pestred agaiuft- him^ and lalxMii^d to hkyt<}^ eiiarge 
conferred upon another; for Ara^u^'YAmMf h^d th^ 
command every ocher yeju*! as has btin faid' before.' 
Z^^^r^ fucceeded fo well in his pretenfions that h€was 
thrice cholen General, governing alternacelf , as Jta-^ 
mi did. But 4t laft declaring himfelf his profefled 
ehemy, and accufing him frequently to the Acb^tanSi 
he was'feje^^d y for it appeared plainly that with coun- 
toffeit merit he contended againft true and ftneere vir^ 
toe. Mfop tells us, tba$ $be cuckoo 0nt day ajking- tie 
\Unkfbirds^ Why ibeyflew amaj from betj was anfweredi 
XBecaufe th^ feared /he would fame time er other prove ti 
bawk\ and thus it fell out ytnrhhjfiades. His former 
tyranny made the world fttll entertain a ftrong fufpicion 
of him' that hts change was riot fincere. 

Aratut acquired new glory in the war againft the 
JEtoUans \ for as the Achaans were very defirous to give 
them battle on the confines of Ail^;^^, in which they 
were feconded' by ^/j King oi Lacedamon^ who had 
been called-in to their al&ftance, Aratus very warmly^ 
oppofed it, and eridured with great patience the impu- 
tation df cowardice, and all the feoffs and reproaches 
that were throwft upon him, chufing rather toexpofc 
bimfelf to prcfent difgrace, than to facrifice the publick 
intereft; He therefore retired before the enemy, and 
fuffered ' them to j^fs over movant Gerania^ and enter 
MfkprmefuSy without making any oppofition. But as 
foon as he' vindepftood tbey had feized on the city of 
PelUne in their march, he was then quite another man -, 
for without lofs of time, or -waiting for the reft of his* 
troops, 'he took fbch as he had with him, and marched 
inftantlj^againft'the enemy, who were weakcnied by their 
viftory, whith4iad itiade them infotentand diforderly.' 
For they were no (boner got within the w^alls tii'PeUent^ 
but the foldiers difperfed themfelves into the fevcral 
houfes, where they wene quarrelling for the pWnder, 
whilft the commanders feized on the wivts-and'daiigh- 
ters of the PelUnians^ every man putting his helmet 
upon the head of his prize, to denote to whom fhe be** 
longed, and prevent her falling into the hands of anotheK 


A R A T; U tS: 3^75 

^ Xf^y ^f^45 in this poft«ra >x^mHaew», j^as feHfOuglMbai; 
'^4^A!^r^as at iiand aD4 /:cady to fall u^oo ($hefl^. -TJm 
thfW thtW i^icfc a tf rribje c^nfteriMt^nv- as migh.trea- 
foaaWy^ J>e expcfted wheihtlj^ey w^reii\/wh extreme dif* 
order ^;;and Ip^ore the )>indnK>ft could . b^ of the dani* 
gprj ;jthi?^ who w^re nearcft to the g«;est tad in th« 
fulM^rb^ fkirmiihing. with the :^r^^ foom routedf 

an^by their £ight, itruck terror; intoihofe who wereral« 
lyingand fpajfching to their afllftance. In this tumult and 
contuHofi one of the captives, who was the daujrhter of 
E^getbespnt of themoft opnfideral^l^Qifth^i^itizens, and 
was jremarkable for her beauty and majeltick ftature^ 
was fitting in the temple of Diana^ ^yhere the officer, 
whojfe! pri2x ihe was^ had fecured her, having put his 
helmet adorned with three plumes of feathers upon her 
he^/ She, alarmed at the great noife ihe heard, arpfe 
in order to fly, but when ihe was %ot to the gate of 
^etepiple, and from the top of the ftepsjookcd dowa 
upon the combatants with the helmet flillAipon her 
bead, ihe feemed to the citizens to be fpniething mor^ 
than human i and the enemy believing -her to be fon>e 
Deity, were icized with fuch fear and aftopiibment, that 
they had no power to defend themfelvea^ . ; / 

The PeUenians tell us that the ftatue of Dmm ftands 
ufually untouched, and that when the prieftefs removes 
it, and it is born, in* proceffion, evf^ry . ovat. turns his 
eyes away from it, without daring to look towards it ;^ 
for not only is the fights of if; terrible land dang&rous to- 
mankind, but where- ever it pdiTes the trees becomes 
barren, and the fruit is blailed* This. imagQ .trherefore,r 
they fay,j the prieftefs, produced a^ that.time^ and hold- 
ing it direftly before the faces of the j^tdianSj deprived 
ihcm of their reafor^.and judgment- . Rat yiratus menti* 
cms^no fuch thlpg in his.commenjcaries^ r He only fays^ 
that having routed th^;^/^//tf|w» and entering the city 
wii^ they fled> he , drove them out by»maia 
fprcegfiabd; killed,/ feK^n: ^hundred of them. This was one of the greateft exploits that ever wast 
performed ^ and Timanthes the painter has given a very 
ft^ong and lively reprcientation.of it. . 1 


ry6 -te'LtF/E V * 

- In the mean time manjr princes and rt^tes cbiife^e- 
rating againft the Acbaansy Aratiis thought it beft ta 
conclude a peace with the Mtolians. Gn this occafiori 
he made ufe of the affiftance of Pantakan^ one of thfe 
TOoft powerful men among them ; by his means he not 
bnly made a peace, but concluded an ofFenfive and de- 
fenfive alliance between the two nations. Being very 
defirous to fct free the Athenians alfo, he was cenfured 
and accufed by the Jcb^ans^ for having, notwithftand- 
ing the truce agreed upon^ between them and the Mace^ 
doniansy attempted to take the haven of Piraeus. But 
he denies this faft in bis commentaries, and lays the 
blame oh Erginus^ by whofe affiftance he took the dta- 
del of Corinth^ alledging that he of himfelf without any 

Y diredlions from him, endeavoured to fcale the Pir^us-^ 
/ \ and that as his ladders happened to break, and he wai 
^ hotly purfued, he called out feveral times upon Arai^s 
as if he had been prefenr, by which means be deceived 
the enemy, and efcaped'. But methinks this excufe \t 
very weak*, for it is not likely thzt Erginus^ a private 
man, and a Syrian^ fhould conceive in his mind fo great 
an attempt, unlefs he had been prompted to it by ^r^* 
iusy had been furnifhcd by him with forces, and been 
inftrudted what was the proper time for executing it* 
This further appears from the conduft of Aratus him- 
felf, who did not twice or thrice, but very often difco- 
ver a defign to be mafter of the Piraus ; in which hfi 
perfifted with the obftinacy of a paffionate lover, and 
was fo far* from being difcouraged by his difappoint- 
mentis, that as he only narrowly mifled offuccefs, he 
wasltill more eagerly bent to proceed. One time irT 
particular making his efcape through Thriajiumy he 
diflocated his leg,and was forced to undergo feveral in* 

\ cifions in order to his cure, fo that for a 'long time Ite 
'^ was carried in a litter to the wars. * 

A s foon as Antigonus was' dead, and Demetrius futceeded 
him in the kingdom, Aratus was more determined thaii 
ever to fet Athens at liberty, and (bowed a thorough con* 
tempt for the Macedonians. Wherefore being over- 
thrown in a battle n^^v Piylaciay by. By this y Demiirius^s 


A R A T U 8. tyj 

CeAeraU and there being a very ftfong report, that he 
Was either taken or flain, Diogenes^ the Governor of the' 
Piraus^ fent letters to Corinth^ commanding the Acba^ 
ans to depart thai city^ fifut Aratus was dead. When 
thefe letters came to Corinth^ Aratus happened to be 
there in pcrfon, fo that Diogenes^ meflcngers after hav-^ 
ing been fufEciently ridiculed, were forced to return 
back. King Demetrius alfo fent a fhip from Macedonia^ 
therein Aratus was to be brought to him in chains. 
But the Athenians exceeding all bounds in flattering the ' 
Macedonians^ crowned themfelves with garlands upon 
the firft hews of his death ; wherefore invading their I 
territories in a rage, he penetrated as far as the aca- \ 
demy, but then fuffering himfelf to be pacified, he 
committed no further a6t of hoftility. This convinced 
the Athenians of his virtue ; fo that when afterwards 
upon the death of Demetrius they attempted to recover 
their liberty, they called him to their afliftancc. Al- 
though at that time another perfon was General of the 
.Acb^anSi and Aratus himfelf was confined to his bed by 
a diftemper which had hung long upon him, yet ra-^' 
ther than not aflift the city in that exigence he was car^ 
fied thither in a litter. As foon as he was arrived he 
prevailed W\i]\ Diogenes the Governor to deliver up the 
haven of Piraus^ the fortrefs of Munychiay Salamin^ and 
SuHium to the Athenians^ in confideration of a hundred 
and fifty talents," of which Aratus himfelf furniftied 
twenty. Upon this the JEginet^ and the Hermionians 
joined themfelves to the Acbaans^ and the greateft part 
of -/frrtf^/<j became tributary to them-, fo thdxxht Macedo^ ' 
mans ceafing to moleft them, by reafon of their wars with 
other neighbouring nations, and the ^tolians being their 
allied, the Achaan power increafed very confiderably. 

Aratus^ defiring to effedt the defign he had long nie-* 
ditated, and not enduring that tyranny (hould ftill 
maintain itfclf in a city fo near as Argos^ fent to Arifto^ 
macbus to perfuade him to reftore liberty to that city^ and 
to ajfociate it to the Achaeans, and following LyfiadesV ^x- 
ample^ rather cbufe to be the General of a great nation^ ivitb 
ejieem and honour^ than the tyrant of one city^ with ton^^ 

^VoL. VI. M Hnual 

178 ^he L I F E gf ^ 

tinual hatred and danger ^ AriJlQmachm confented^ ^n^ 
defired Aratm to^ fend him fifty talept^, with which h^ 
might pay off the foldiers. In the mean time whilft 
the money was providing, hyfiades being then General, 
and extremely ambitious that this advantage might feem 
to be procured for the Achaans by him, a,ccukd Araf us 
to Ariftomacbusy as one who bore an irrecpncilable hatred 
to tyrants, and advifed him to conimit the affair to hi? 
management. Thus Arijiomacbus was brought in th^ 
league by Lyjiades. But here the Achaean council gavp 
a manifeft proof of the great credit Aratus had wit^ 
them, and the good- will th^y bore hini. For when he 
fpoke againft Arijtomacbush being admitted into the 
aflbciation, they rejefted him with great ^nger -, but ^s 
foon as he had changed his ppinipii) and began to ap- ^ 
pear in behalf of Arijiomacbus^ they chearfuUy ^nd rea- 
dily decreed that the Argives and Phliqfiam (hould be in- 
corporated int^ their comrpunitys ^d,the ne^^t y^e^^ 
they chofe Ariftoamchus General. 

A'iJiomacbHS finding himfelf highly honour^ and 
efteemed by the Ack^am^ was very defirous to invade 
Lacmia^ ^nd for that purpofe fent fox Aratus from 
Athens. Aratus wrote to him to diffuade him from that 
expedition, being very unwilling that the Acbmns (hoiUd 
be engaged againft Ckomenes^ a man of fuch a during 
fpirit, upon whom the greateft dangers had no. other 
effefl: than to augment his power and reputation. But 
Arifiomachus refolvi^g to go on, Aratus obeyed hjs fum* 
mons, and repaired to the army. CUomenes offered them 
battle near Pallantium ; but Aratus prevailing upon Art- 
Jiomacbus not to engage, Lyfiades brought an accufation 
againft him before the Acb^ans, and the year following 
contended with himibr the command ; but Aratus had 
the majority of votes, and was for the twelfth time de- 
clared General. * 

This year he was defeated by Cleomenes near mpunt 
l^c^eum and put to flight ; and as he loft bis way in the 
night it was faid that he was flain. This was the fecond 
time the report of his death wasfpread, and believed by 
thoGr^cians. But he having efcaped tl^is danger and ral- 

. lied 

A R A T U S. 179 

Hed his forces, was not content to march off in fafety, 
but makingufe of theprefent conjunfture, when no one 
cxpefted any fuch thing, fell fuddenly upon tht Manli* 
fieaKSn who were allies of Ckomenes', and when he had taken 
the city he put a garrifon into it, and declared all thofe 
tfrangers free of the city, who had fettled in it. Thus 
he procured greater advantages to the Acb^an$ when 
vanquilhed than they could have hoped for if they 
bad been conquerors. 

The Lacedamonians a fecond time, invading the terri* 
tories of xht Megalopolitans^ Aratus marched to their 
affiftance, but refufed coming to an engagement with 
CUoments^ though he did all he could to provoke him to it, 
nor would he be prevailed upon by tht MegalopolUans-, 
who mod earneftly prefled him to fight. For befides that 
he was not naturally well quahfied to conduct a pitched 
battle, he was then.much inferior in number of men, and 
was to deal with a claripg man in the prime of life, him- 
felf being now in the decline of his ambition as weH as « 
cpufage. He confidered alfo that he ought to maintain 
that glory he was now in polTeflion of, by caution, which 
the other aipired to by a^ivity and refolution. 

Hpwever the light-arijned infantry having made a 
fally, pufhed the Lacedaemonians as far as their camp, 
and even entered with them and began to plunder their 
tents; ytiJratus could not be provoked even by'that 
advantage, but polling himfelf in a hollow hindered 
Jiis troops from advancing. Lyjlades was enraged at 
xhis condudt, and upbraiding Aratus with cowardice^ 
entreated the horfe to fecond thofe who were purfuing 
the enemy, and not to let the. viftory flip out of their 
hands, nor to forfake him, who was going to venture his 
life in the fervice of his country. * When he had drawn, 
together a good body of chofen troops, he charged the 
enemy's right ,wipg much vigour that he foon 
broke them and put them to flight.' But purfuing them 
with an inconfiderate heat, and too impatient a defire 
of glory, he entangled himfelf in a winding intricate 
way which was planted thick with trees, and was full 
of broad ditches, where Ctow^ww turning upon him, and 

' Ma- atfcack- 

i86 The LIFE of 

attacking him, befell in the moft glorious of all aAl-- 
ons, valiantly defending the entrance into his country. 
'Jthe reft of the cavalry betaking themfelves to flight, 
fell back upon the main bcdy, where they broke thd 
ranks, communicated their fears in every quarter,* arid 
made the whole army fhare with them in their defeat.' 

This misfortune and difgrace was chiefly charged 
upon Aratus^ tvho was fufpeded of having betrayed 
Lyfiades. The Achaans^ who retired in great indigna* 
tion, conftrained him to follow them as far as JSgiutff^ 
where a council beinff called, it was decreed that he 
fhould no longer be furnifhed wirh money, nor hav^ 
anymore foreign foldiers hired for him, but that, if he 
would make war, he flioujd do it at his own expence. 
He refented this affront fo highly, that he was upon the 
point of delivering up the ledl, and laying down the 
ofBce of General ; but upon further confideration, he 
thought it bed to bear it with patience; and foon after 
leading, the Ach^eans to Orchomcntts he fought Megijtoniis 
the facher-in-law oi CleomeneSy overthrew him, killed 
three hundred of his men, and took him prifoner. 

As he ufed to be chofen General every other year^ 
when his turn came he was called to take upon him that 
charge; but he refufed it, zndTmoxenus was chofen iA 
his ftead. His refentment for his late difgrace,- which 
was aJIedged as the reafon for this refufal, was not the 
real caufe, but the bad fituation of the Acbaan affairs, 
TorCleom^nes did not now invade them in a feeble cau- 
tious manner as formerly, and like one curbed by the 
magiftratcs ; biit having killed the Epbori^ equally di- 
vided the laods, made many ftrangers free of the city, 
and thus rendered himfelfabfblutc in his government, 
he fell "with ^real impetuofify upon \htAch4ean5^ and 
pleremptoriiy demanded to be declared General- of the 
league. Wherefore'yfr^/«5 wks much blamed^ that in 


^i) For it woiild have been civilize Pikpoimefus, byrtwvd- 
xnoTt honouraSle and gloribus for ing it with Co many garrifons 
the i^r/'^r^jtb havahadcheKing ot Maadotuansy Gaufs^ Jtijrt" 

ibsLHnwiji^ thcifdifieniions to un« (2) This is the fame fable with 


A R A T U S. i8i 

ib iteririble a ilorin» when the whole community was. in 
d^Pgfir of linking, he who was pilot fhould quit the 
hfteifi when he ought rather to have feized on it by ., 
Uffftjif it had been in the hands of another, and have 
gfftvided for the gommon fafcty. Or if he thought that 
the ftffairs of the Achaans were in a defperate condition, 
%§d (that it was out of his power to retrieve them, he 
^Mgjit to have yielfied loCleomenes^ rather than reduce 
F^Mflnnefus again to a (late of barbarifm by filling it 
y^^h MacedonianiVQO^s^ and placing a garrifon o( Illy- 
^ians and Gauls ( i ) in the citadel of Corintb ; nor fhould 
be have joined with thofe, whom he had fo often over- . 
i^pme by military ftratagems and fuperior policy, nor 
wder the fpecious name of confederates have admitted 
thofe into his towns and fortreflfes, whom heconflantly in- 
veighed againfl with fuch bitternefs in his commentaries. 
k may be faid that Cleomenes was arbitrary and tyranni* 
caU butfuppoGng this to be true, yet he was defcendcd 
Xwm the Heraclid^y and Sparta was his country, the 
me^neft citizen of which deferved to have been prefer- 
red to the Generalfhip x>f the league, before the firft of 
the Macedonians^ by thofe who were in any degree con- 
cerned for the honour and dignity of Greece. Befides, 
Cleamenes laid claim to that command for no other end 
but that he might have it in his power to be ferviceable 
to the Achaans^ in return for their conferring that ho- 
nour upon him. Whereas when Aniigonus was declared 
commander in chief by fea and land, he would not ac^ 
cept of that charge till the citadel oi Corintb was deli- 
vered into his hands, as the hire of the fervice he was to 
perform; imitating herein JEfof% huntfman, who would ' 
not mount the horfe till he had Brfl bridled him (2). 
For Antigonus refufed to ride the Acb^ans^ though they 
offered their backs to him, and courted him to it by 
their decrees and embaflies, till he had bridled them by 


that told by Horace^ Ep. x. lib. I. This fable is in jEfip's c<j11e6\ion ; 

r»^^^, , ^ " J- hut it is faid that before him the 

com^uniius he/bh P°*' Sufichorm applied it to the 

PcHck / tiimeriansy Who were going to 

' ' raifc a guard for Pba/an^. 

U 3 (3) It 



iii Tie L 1 F E tf ' 

the garrifon he placed in the citadel, and tHe hoftagei 
he exafted from them. It is true jiratus endeavours to 
juftify himfelf by .alledging the neceffity he was under. 
But we are affured by Polybius that long before this, be- 
ing jealous of the enterprizing genius o\' CUofhenes^ he had 
entered into a fecret treaty with Antigonus^ and prevailed 
upon the Megalopolitans to demand in the council of the 
Achaans that he might be called in to their afliftance. 
For the Megalopolitans were the moft expofed of any to 
the incurfions and depredations of Cleomenes. Phylarchus 
writes the fame thing : but we are not to give much 
credit to that hiftorian, where he is not fupported by the 
V teftimony of Polybius ; for whenever he mentions Geo- 
menesy his zeal throws him into a fit of enthufiafm, arid 
as if he was rather pleading in a court of juftice, than 
writing a hiftory, his whole bufinefs is to accufe the 
one, and juftify the other. 

The Ach^ans therefore loft the city of Mantinea^ 
which Cleomenes took from them a fecond time ; and be- 
ing beaten in a great battle near Hecatomlaum^ fo gene- 
ral was the confternation, that they immediately fent to 
Cleomenes to defire him to come to Argos^ and take the 
government upon him. Butyfr^/«j, as foon as he un- 
derftood that he was coming, and was got as far a^ 
Ijerna with his army, fearing the confequence fent am- 
bafladors to him, to entreat him to come accompanied 
with three hundred only, as to friends and confederates*, 
and if he miftrufted them, to offer him hoftages. Cko- 
w^«^j thinking himfelf mocked and infulted by this mef- 
fage, returned back immediately, and fent a letter to the 
council o^ \\\& Achaans full of complaints ar^ inveftives 
againft Aratus, Aratus wrote One likewife in the fame 
ftile againft Cleomenes ; and fuch was their bitternefs and 
rancour on this occafion, that the reputation even of 
their wives and families was brought into the quarrel. 

Upon this Cleomenes fent a herald to declare war 
againft the Achaans^ and in the mean time very narrowly 
miffed of takitig Sicyon by treachery. Retiring from 
thence he affaulced Pellene^ and having driven out the 
Ach^an General, he made himfelf mafter of it 5 and not 


A R A T U S: I&3 

long afiter he likcwife took Pbeneus and Pen^eleum; upon 
which the jirgives voluntarily joined with hirh, and the 
PhUafimis received a garrifon \ and in fliort none of the 
c4ties remained firm in the Achaean intereil, but an uni- 
verlal confufion furrounded Aratus^ who beheld all Pe^ X 
lopcnnefus Ihaken, and all the cities revolting through 
the pradices of thofe who were dcfirous of a change. 
JFor no place was quiet or fatisfied with the prefcnt con- 
dition ; fo that amongft the Sicy onions and Corintbians 
themfelves, many were difcovered to have carried on a 
private correfpondence with Cleimenes^ having long been 
difaffeded to the publick welfare, out of a defire to gee 
injpower themfelves* 

Aratus receiving a com million to try and condemn 
tiiem without appeal,* pailed fentence of death upon as 
many as were found guilty at Sicyon. But as he was pro- 
ceeding with the fame rigour 2XCorintb alfo, he irritated 
the people^, who were already out of humour, and were 
grown weary of the Acbaan government. Wherefore 
running tumulruoufly to the temple oi Apollo^ they fent 
for Aratusy refolving to take or kill him before they 
broke out into open rebellion. He came accordingly, 
leading his horfe in his hand, as if he fufpefted no- 
thing. As foon as he appeared at the gate of the temple 
ieveral ftood up and accufed him with great warmth 
and bitternefs ^ but he with a fteady countenance and 
mild addrefs, defired them to fit down, and not behave 
in that irregular and tumultuous manner. At the fame 
time he caufed all thofe to enter into the temple who 
were ftanding at the gate, whilft he drew back by little 
and little, as if he wanted fomebody to hold his horfe. 
CJearing himfelf thus infenfibly from the croud, and 
fpcaking without any emotion or concern to as many 
of the Corinikians as he met, and prefling them to go to 
the temple, as foon as he faw himfelf near the citadel, 
before any one could have the lead fufpicion of his de- 
fign, he leaped upon his horfe, and having enjoined 
Qleopater^ who commanded in the garrifon, to be care- 
ful'of his charge, he rode away toSicyoHy followed by 
jno riiore than, thirty of his foldiers> the reft leaving 
him, and fhifcing for themfelves; M 4 As 



184 The hilt E of 

"" Asfoon as it was known that he w^s fled, theC(prii^ 1 
tbians fent out a party after him to apprehend him \ bttt 
failrng of their defign, they immediately fent for, C/<3W^-^.\ 
fiisenes^ and deflivered up the city to him. He did note 
think the poffefllon of the city an equivalent for the iofe * 
oi'^atus, whom they had fuffered to flip out of their vt 
hinds. However ias foon as the inhabitants of the ter*^ , 
ritory near the fea called ji3ie had joined him, and fto* , 
rendered their towns to him, he made a wall of circum^** . 
vallation round the citadel of Corinth^ 

In the mean time, as foon ^sAratus was arrived at 
Si^on^ fome of the Acbaans came in to him, and in a 
general aflcmbly once more declared him commander ■ 
in^hief with abfolute power, and appointed a guard of. 
his own citizens to attend him. After having governed - 
Uti^ Acbaans for thirty-three years together, during 
which time he was the firfl: man in Greeu both in power 
and reputation, he now found himfelf abandoned, indi- 
gent, perfecuted, and expofed to the fury of that tem- 
peft by which his counti-y was fliipwrecked. For the 
jEtolians refufed to aflift him in his difl:refs, when he 
ferit to them for aid ; and the Aihenians^ who were well 
afFc^cted to him, were prevented from lending bim^ny 
fuccour, by the authority oiEuclides ^ndMidan. He 
had a houfe and fome money at Corinth^ which CUomems 
did not meddle with, nor would he fuffer any one elfe 
to touch them ; but fending for his friends and domef- 
ticks, he commanded them to take care of his concerns, 
letting them know'that they were to give an account of 
them to Aratus. He alfo privately fent Tripylui to him, 
and afterwards Megiftonus his father-in-law, to ofier him, 
bcfide feveral other things, a yearly penfion of twelve 
talents, which was twice as much as Pt^ilemy allowed 
him, for he gave him but fix ; and all that he demanded 
in return was only to be declared General of i\\t Achjeans^ 
^nd together with thetn to h^ve the cuftody of thecitade4 



(3) It is in the Greek fn^tya, rut A^i^f^^oft voi^pit tot^ A«^^isv<nF {1 
j^/x(sgya;f , for that was the name a^^tAi^ ra ^^Aoaia w^i%f]sq, ua-irt^ 
the Poriam gave ^\f Qia^iftr^Ces. 'i^64vntrif •* ^^0^;)^^ xiynfla^. 


A R A ^ T U S. 185 

c^'Gorintb : to which Aratus returned for anfwcr that be . 
diinot now govern the affairs of the Achaeans, but was rar 
ther governed by them. Cleomenes taking this anfwcr foe 
an>6vanon and affront, immediately invaded the cerricQ* 
Y\6%\>i Sigon^ which he plundered and ravaged, and 
kept the city blocked up for three months together ; all 
wMeh time Aratus was debating with himfelf whether 
heiftK)uld hnbt Antigonus to come* to his affiftance with 
thtr^furrender of the citadel, for no aid was to be «x- 
peftcd from him without it. 

3ln •the mean time the Ach^ans held a council at 
yBgHem, to which they called Aratus. But it was very 
hazardous for him to go thithet- vfhik Cleomenes wascn- 
caAiped before the city ; befides, the citizens endea* 
votired to ftop him by their entreaties, protefting that 
they would not fuffer him to expofe himfelf to fuch ap- 
parent <ianger, the enemy being fo near ; the women aU^w 
fo arid children hung about him, weeping and embracing"*^ 
him'^A their common father and defender. But he 
hav^ing comforted and encouraged them, got on borfer 
bade, and being accompanied with ten of his friends^ 
and his fon, then a youth, rode to the fear fide, and 
finding fome veljels there lying at anchor, embarked 
and ftilcd to Mgium to aflift at the council, in which it 
was decreed x}c\2lX. Antigonus fhould be called in to their 
aid, and fliould have the citadel oi Corinth delivered to . 
him \ and Aratus fcnt his fen to him with the other 
hoftages. The Corinthians being extremely offended at 
, this proceeding, feized on his trcafgre, and gave his 
hou fe to Cleomenes. 

Antigonus hcing now near at hand with his. army, 
which canfifted of twenty thoufand foot, and one.thou* 
fand four hundred horfe, Aratus with the other magi- 
ftratts (3) went unfufpefted by the enepiy to.mecthitn 
,by fea^ as far as Pega^ though he bad no great confi.^ 
dcnce cither in Antigonws or the Macedonians \ for he was 


Hefych, Demiourgbi among the tion of ibtir vffairh oni are th$ 
Porians are tbofe magifirates who Jfame *with theje th^ Athenians call 
^e entrufitd i^ith the admntfira- Peznaichoi. 

4 (4) Wj- 

Vi86 rbe hl¥B of 

-^cVy'fenfifale that he had built his greatnefs upon their 
lofs^, and that the firft pretenfion he had to the manage- 
ment of affairs was founded upon the enmity between 
him and Antigonus the elder. But perceiving the pre- 
fent heceffity of affairs, which thofe who feem to com- 
mand are conftrained to obey, he refolved to put all to 
the venture. As foon as Antigonus was told that Aratus 
Was coming up to him, he faluted the reft of the com- 
pany in the ordinary forms, but him he received at the 
very firft with peculiar marks of refpeft, and finding him 
tipon trial to be a good and prudent man, he admitted 
him to his moft intimate friendfhip. Vor Aratus was 
not only qualified for the management of great affairs, 
but agreeable alfo in private converfation -, and there- 
fore, though Antigonus was young, yet as foon as he 
obfcrv^d the temper of the man to be proper for ft 
Prince's friendfhip, he made more ufe of him than of 
any other, not only of the Achaansy but even of the 
Macedonians who were about him -, and thus that event 
came to pafs which the Gods had forefhown. For it is 
reported, that as Aratus was not long before offering 
ifacrifice, there were found in the liver of the vidlim two 
'gall-bladders enclofed in the fame cayl ; whereupon the 
foothfayer alTured him that two perfons, who at :prefent 
feemed to be irreconcilable, would foon be united in the 
ftrifteft ties of friendfhip. Aratus at firft defpifed this 
predidtion, placing no confidence in the prognofticati- 
ons drawn from viftijns, and chufmg rather to make ufe 
of his reafon. But fome time after, when the war pro- 
ceeded fuccefsfully, Antigonus made an entertainment at 
Corinth^ to which a great number of guefts were in- 
vited, and Aratus was placed next above him. Whilft 
they were at table Antigonus called for a cloak to fling 
over him, and afked Aratus if he did not find it very cold^ 
and he replying that the cold was extremely fe^ere^ Anti^ 


(4-) Phylarchus the hifloriat) Polyhius.Wh, ii. 
highly exaggerates the death of (5) Plutarch feems here to give 
this tyrant, as if they had made into the prejudices of P^/^rf/»«j, 
him fufFer the moftcrael torments; who was a zealous defender of 
bat this is very fully refuted by Jrrfiomackus. He ought rather to 


A R A T U *; i% 

goms preffed him to borne ftill nearer, and th6 fcrvanisX 
threw the cloak over the fhoulders of both of them. 
Then Aratus remembering the lacrificc feil a laughing^ 
and told the King of the prodigy, and the interpreta- 
tion that was put upon it. But this did not happen till 
after the time of which we are now fpeaking. 

As foon as they had both fworn fidelity to each* other 
at P<rgv^, they marched againft the enemy. There hap- 
pened many adtions under the walls of Corintb^ where 
CUcfn0iU5 \i2i^^Tovi^y fortified himfelf; and the C^r/Vr- 
tbians defended themfelves with great courage andrefo- 
lution. In the mean time Arifiotle the Argive^ one of 
Aratush friends, fent pri\rately to him, to let him know, 
that he. would induce the city of Argos to revolt, if he 
would come thither in perfon with fome loldiers, Ara-' 
tus acquainted Antigonus with this, and taking fifteen 
hundred men with him, iailed immediately from the 
Ifihmiis to Epidaurus. But the Argives without waiting 
for his arrival, rofe on afudden, and falling uponC/^^- 
tnenes's foldiers, drove them into the citadel. Cleomenes 
having notice of this, and fearing left if the enemy 
fhould poffefs themfelves of Argos^ they might cut off 
his retreat homewards, quitted the citadel of Corinth 
that very night, and marched to the affiftance of his 
friends in Argos. He got thither before Aratusy and 
gained fome advantage over the enemy ; but Aratus ap- 
pearing not long after, and the King approaching with 
his forces, he retreated to Mantinea. 

Immediately upon this all the cities in Peloponnefus 
declared for the Achaam ; Antigonus feized on the citadel 
oi Corinth \ ^sidi Aratus being chofen General by the^r- -^ 
gives perfuaded them to prefent Antigonus with the eftates 
of the late tyrants, and all the traitors. After they had 
putAriJlomacbus to the torture ztCencbrea (4) they threw 
him into thefea; upon which (5) Jr^/«f was highly 


have followed Polybiusy who ih the fea ; bat that if he had fufFer- 
his fecond book makes it appear ed even more than what is com- 
that this Anftomachus did not only plained of by Phylarchus, all would 
deferve a much feverer punifh- not have been fufficient to expiate 
ment than that of being cafl into the evil he was author t)f in the 


>S8 The L IF E of ^ 

blaqaed for fo&ring a pcffon toidieunjuftlyv, who was 
Bet a; bad man^ who had had.many^ trafifafUQnjs wi(h 
hi^9 and who at his peribaGoil ihad ftbdicaced|<che ty- 
ranny, and prevailed upon hia city/to wtntc Uf^lh.i;i) t|iq 
Jkkaan cpromunity. He was .^h^rgisd Jikeiwiir^ rwich. 
ieveral other things; as that it was at his inftig^^ot) 
xJastxht Acbaans delivered up the city oi Corinth %Qi]4n\^ 
tigenm with as lit tie concern as if it had beei;^ an.j^ooH 
fiderable village ; that after Anttg^mis had facked^Or^^^-ti 
tmnus they fuffered him to put into it a garrifon, o^Ma^ 
cedoniam ; that they made a decree that no lei)Cer>S' nor 
cmbafly ihould be ient to any other King, witjiout the 
confcnt of ^//^^;»?w, that they were forced to maintain 
the Macedonian garrifon; that they made facrifices» 
feafi:s, and games in honour oi Ami^onusy bis citi;2en^ 
fctting the firfl: efxample, and receiving Antigenus inu> 
tbt city at the in {ligation of Aratus^ who entertained 
him in his own houfe. All thefe mifcarriages they 
charged him with, not confidering, that having once 
put the reins into Antigonus^s hands, he was now huT* 
rifid along by the impetuofity of the regal power, that 
he was mailer of nothing but his tongue, and that it 
was dangerous to ufe even that with freedom. For it 
was very plain, that Aratus was much difpleafed at feve- 


compafs of one day, when Jra- of their neareft relations. It h 

ius having got fecredy into Argos true he afterwards abdicated the 

at the heaa of fome few of his tyranny at the perfuafion of ^/-o- 

Jchteansy expofed his perfon to tus^ upon which the Achaans for- 

iminent danger, and fought gave him all his paft crimes, gave 

bravely for the liberty oi Argos ^ him a (hare in the sdminiftration, 

yet was forced to retire becaufe and even made him General of 

not one of the citizens appeared their forces. But the n)omen( he 

to aflid him, fo great and general faw a glimpfe of more favourable 

was their dread of the tyrant, expedations from Ckomeneiy he 

Jrijomachus laying hold on this forgot this humanity of the >^fit^r- 

opportunity to fatiate his cruelty, am^ feparated himfelf and his 

pretended that feveral of the Ar- country from the league in the 

gi^s were in confederacy with time of their greateft dillrcfs, and 

the Ach^ans^ and caufcd eighty of declared for their enemies ; fo 

the moft confiderable men in the that when once they had taken 

city to be murdered, after he had him they n:ight juftly have car- 

firil tortured them in the prefence ricd him up and down throughot^t 

A ^R A T U ^5. % 

t^Atif Antigcnus^^ adions, cfpecially^ scthat relating^ 
ttie ftatues. For Antigonus reftored dU thofoof the tfn, 
rants in vf*^^;^, 'which had been difplaced ' by j^ra/iw^ 
and on the contrary removed all the ftatues of thoib ^ 
who had at any time furprized the citadel oiCvrintb^^ thste. /\ 
ofAranii onfy excepted ; nor could all Aratm*% rfcmon>* 
ftranccsaftd entreaties divert him from that rcfolutittflb 
Bfefides, the ufage of the Mantinetim by • the Ankxtt^ 
fcems not agreeable xo^^Greeian moderation and bii*t 
maniry 5 fpr having taken their city by tbe-help of^^^fe^ 
tigonusy they put to death the principal men amongfl: 
thchi : and for the* reft, feme of them they fold, btbcrsr 
they fent bound in fetters mioMaeedeniay and m ado 
(laves of their wives and children. A thM part of the 
money thus raifed was divided amongft themfelves, and 
the -other two thirds were diftributcd among the Mace- 
dsmrans,- But in this they only followed the commott 
^iAdtes of revenge ; for however fliocking it may fecmt 
fw mcrt to maffacrc in their rage thofe of the fame naw 
tton ahd'kindred, yet in fome urgent circumftances (a$ 
SimomJes f^p) xht horror of it difappears, and kht^ 
Comes pleafant by the eafe it gives to mindis inflamed 
ind' ekafperated by refcntment (6). But as to what was 
afterwards done to that city^ Aratus can never plead chat 


Pehfonne/usj aod having in that foldiers. Some time after, the 

manner exposed him to the whole Mantineans in a mo^ deteiiable 

world) have condemned him to an perfidious manner murdered that 

open pttblick puniihment. And very garrifon, which they had fo 

yet this wretch fufFered no other edrneftly begged of the Achaans^ 

j^bnifbnient than to be drowned And yet when the Acb^eans had 

ftt the Tea for fomething he had retaken their city> tJiey only fuf* 

done %tCenchre€e. This \^ Ara- fered in the plunder of chdr 

tus% apology, and deferved to goods, and the fale of fome of thd 

have been taken notice of b/ inhabitants. -What PAr/izr^fi^ fayt 

Plutarch, concerning the death of the chic^ 

(6) For the Mantimans had be- men amongft them is- a f^il&f/ 

fore that fent tO' the Aehtrans^ vented by Phylarchus$ Who wail 

and demanded a garrifon to pro- ^efolved to blacken AroiMs andi 

• ted them from the Z.Ac/^^MM/VMi!. the Achauns at the . expence of 

Upon this the AcJbaans, {ent them troth* But allowing all he fays 

three hundred of their own citi« to be true, P^lylfius makes it ap^ 

een»y and two handled foreign pear that thex e was oiothing 4^ 


J90 rbe: h,l¥ E of. 

it was either honourable or neceffary \ for when the /^^ 
giv^sli?^ the city freely ticftowed on them by Jntigonus^ 
iyid refolved to people it, he being then chofen the di- 
redlpr of that affair, and being Gener,al at that time, 
decri^ed, that it Ihould no more be called Mantinet^y h\\t 
Amtigonea^ "^hicYi name it ftill bears. Thus it fecnis 
that by his means the beautiful Mantima^ as Homer calls 
it, became exrindi, and thaf another city was erefted iri 
its place, bearing the name of him who had deftrpyec^ 
and expelled her inhabitants. 

Some time after this, Cleomenes being overthrown in z 
great battle near Sellafta^ forfook the city of Sparta and. 
fled into Mgjft ; and Antigoim having Ihqwn all man- 
ner of civility and kindnefs to Aratus retired into Mace^ 
donia \ and falling fick there he declared Philips who 
was yet very young,- his fucceffor -, and . fending him 
into Peliyponmfusy he ordered him above all things to be 
guided by the advice, of Aratus^ and by his mediation 
to treat with the cities, and make himfelf known to the 
Acb^efips. Aratus received him with the greateft ho-^ 
noiar^ and managed hina with fo much judgement that 
he fent him back into Mtfcedonia full . of fentiments of 
affe<^ion and refped to him, and in the moll favourable 
dilpoJAtipns for the intereft of Greece. 


forced to maintain theznfelves, 
whereas they had been nfed to 
live by rapine. Antigonus kept 
them in awe whilft he iitred) but 
after his death they defpiied the 
minority oi Philip, and fought ^ 
pretence to quarrel with the /V/s- 
pennefiam, Polyb, lib. iv, 

(9) Poiybitts informs us that there 
were four charges brought againll 
Aratus, The firll was his taking 
upon him the command before 
his time, and running headlong 
into an enterprize ther event 6f 
which he could not from his pad 
experience exped to be Cuccefsful.* 
The fecond was his difbanding 
the Achaans at an unfeafonable 
time, wjien he faw the yEtoUans 


vere, or even cruel, which the 
Mantineans had not deferVed at 
the hands of Aratusznd the Acha- 
ans, and if they did not pnfh 
their revenge to the utmoft extre- 
mity it was owing to their mode- 
ration and humanity. 

(7) Polyhius in his fourth book 
tells us that after Cleomines had 
been driven out of his kingdom, 
the Pelop^nnefians, who were tired 
with the late wars, and imagined 
the prefent tranquillity was to 
continue for ever, entirely ne- 
gledledthie ufe of arms, aiid all 
military occupations. 

(8) The JEtolians had of a long 
time been enemies to peace, be- 
caufe in times of peace they Yittfi 

A R A T U S. 191 

After the death of Antigonus (7) the MtoUans began 
to defpife the indolence and inadtiyicy of the jp:b4eans ; 
fqr being accuftomedto be defended by. foreigners, and 
to ikeltei; themfelves under the Macedonian arms, they 
\ed an idle life, and quite negk<^ked all difcipline. 
(8) This encouraged the yS/0//Vi»i to aim at the domi^ 
pion oiPeloponneJus. They entered into it in an hoftile 
.manner, and in their march plundered the territories of 
JPatr^ ai|d Dymej after which they invaded Meffene^ and 
ravagefl all the country* Araiusbdn^ incenfed at chis^ 
and perceiving that d^moxenus who was General for tjae 
year a&ed dilatorily, and fpun out the time becaufe his 
;authority was near expiring, as he wa$to command for 
the enfuiog year, anticipated his authority by- five days» 
on purpole to march to the fuccour of the Meffmans. 
I^avii)g-th;ere£ore muftered the yfr^^^irj, whofe bodies 
were finexercifed, an4 whofe minds were- rdaxed aod 
igdifpoi^d for wai^, he was defeated near Capiy^e ; and 
faeing <aecti^ed of having a(5):ed on that occafioA wi«k 
4rBare hegc than prudeijce (9), he ran into the other ex- 
treme, btcam^ dmorods and ina^tiv^, feemed to a;bart^ 
don all hopes of fuccefs, and overlooked the advantages 
givejt him (i) by th^jSic^anSi who riofS/sd^F^lcfoHmfin^^ 


lniAk^)^e^^toi Peloponnefus, The have had reafaa to expcfl: Jiiy 

third Y^as bis engaging jkyith (oq h^ea^^^y- armed foldiers would hav^ 

few troops, though he ^d it i^ done him great fervice. 
hts power to draw oiF ^it^iout rnanf>verto thefe accufations^ 

any hazaid into the neighl)ouriqg Jratu^s prpved that the mj^fortun^ 

towns, whereheniight h,ave raifed ought not to be ipputed to aj^y ^IJL 

more forces and then have given condu£i in him ; adding, that 'if 

the ^Bemy battle if he foui^d it ex- lie had not aded hi every circum- 

pedient. The lait, and indeed the (bnce as became an experienced 

heavieft,was»that after hph^d re; General he afked pardon« z^i^ 

JTolved upon £ghting he ^6led with beggf^d them to weigh his adions 

great rafhn&fs and imprudencet not rigoroufly but y/ixh indulgence. 

for he fent his cavalry and light This rendered the whole aUemhl/ 

armed men to attack the enemy's favourable to him» an4 turned 

rear after their front had gained their refentment againfl; his accuf^ 

jthehilL, Whereas he ought to ers; fo that they adhered to lus 

have pficountered the front at firil counfel in all their future undec- 

jivhilft tj^ey were in the plain, takiqgs. 
where he would have had the (1) PolyUus Ql^fpryes that er-^jr 

adv^n^e ofthem, .and might after this he jippeared more like a 


192 Tie L I F E of 

with all manner of infolcnce and licentioufnefs. Where- 
fore requelting once more the aiTiftance of the Mautk'^ 
mans^ they engaged Philip in the affairs of Greece^ hop* 
ing that by reafon of his confidence in Aratm^ and the 
fricndfhip he had for him, they Ihould find him very 
tradable, and be able to manage him as they pleafed. 
' But the King then firft began to liften to Apelles^ 
MegaUus^ and fome other courtiers, who endeavoured 
to ruin the credit Aratus had with him, and prevailed 
upon him to favour the contrary fadion, and procure 
Eperatus to be chofen General by the Achaam. But 
this Eperatus falling into the loweft degree of contempt^ 
and Aratus taking no farther care of affairs, every thing 
was ill managed i upon which PivV/p finding his mi«- 
jftake, renewed his friendfhip with Aratus^ and refigned 
Jhirafelf wholly to his conduft ; and as in the prefent 
fituation of affairs he feemed likely to advance in power 
and reputation, he depended upon him for the aug- 
mentation of both. Aratus hereby gave a proof to the 
world that he was as capable of guiding a kingdom, as 
a republick \ for the actions of the King feemed to re- 

ftatefmanthanaGeiKrahandthat to fend to him at Teg^a fomc 

the memory of his late lofs made perfons qualified to confer with 

him entirely abflain fronn adion ; him on the prefent pofture of af« 

that he let t\it jEtolians live at dif- fairs. The Epborl fcnt to him 

cretion, and fufFered them to re- ten of the principal men in Spar- 

tire unmolefted* thoagh they made ta^ who were introduced into the 

their retreat through narrowpaifesy council, where when they had 

where the ycry &und of a trum- accufed Adimas as the author of 

pet was almoft fofiicient to have all the diforders that had hap- 

defeated them. pened, and made great protefta- 

(2) The Lacedamonians being tiorcs of their fidelity to Philips 

defirous to alter their form of go^ they were ordered to retire. The 

vemment and reduce it to a de- council were divided in their opi- 

mocracy* murdered Adimas one of nion. Some of them, convinced 

their Efbori, and fome others who of the difaiFedion of the Laced^e- 

were in the King's intereft. The moniant, and knowing that Adi- 

Ephori fent their ambaiTadors to mas was flain only becanfe he was 

Philips who was juft come oat of in Philip'^ intereft, and that they 

MacedoM, to juftify the adion. were inclined to enter into allK 

Thefe ambaf&dors met the King ance with the jSto/ians, advifed 

near Mouni Partbtnium. Philip the King to make an example of 

ordered them to return XoLactda- them, and treat them in the fame 

wMf and commanded the Ephori manner as Akxander had formerly 


A R A T U 5: 193 

celv-e a tincture from Afatus^% temper and charader ; 
(i) and the moderation fhowed by this young Prince 
to the Lacedammians^ who had incurred his difpleafure,j^ 
hrs courteous behaviour to the Cretans^ by which in a^ 
Few days he gained the whole ifland, ^nd his glorious 
and fuccefsful expedition againft the J£toHanSi, pro- 
txxxtA great reputation to him for following good 
advice, and to Aratus fot* giving it. This encrcafed 
the envy and jealoufy of the courtiers, v^ho finding \ 
they could not prevail againft him by their fecret 
pi'adices, began openly to abufe and affront him in 
their debauches, with the greateft impudence and fcur^ 
rility ; and once they threw ftohes at him as he was re- 
tiring after fupper to his tent. At this PbiUp being ex- 
tremely offended, immediately fined them twenty talents ^ 
and finding afterwards that they ftill continued to per- 
plex and difdrder his affairs, he put them to death; 
But being elated with the profperous courfe of his af- 
fairs, many vicious inclinations fprung up and gained A 
ftrencrth in him continually ; and now breaking through 
all reftrarnt, and throwing off the difguife which con-^ 


treated the fhehdni. Ochers of Wete to rifcnt and pnnifh it; that: 

the: council, among whom w^re as the Lacedaemonians had done 

the moft ancjent, thought that the nothing openly in breach of that 

punifhment was greater than the alliance^ but had promifed to fub-^ 

crime deferved, and. that it would mit to any terms that (hould be 

be fulRcient if the King chaftifed thought juft and equitable, there 

the authors of the fedition, by de- was no reaibn why he ihould 

priving them of their ofhces, and come to any violent refolations 

putting in their place fome of his againfl them ; that on the »con- 

own friends. When it came to trary it would look ftrange -that 

the King's turn to give his opini- when his father^ after he had 

on, he laid, that he was not per- conquered th<pm as enemies, dealt 

fonally concerned in the offences very graciouily with them, he who 

committed by the allies againft was their ally fhould for fo flight 

bne another j and therefore it was a caufe treat them- with feverity; 

fit for him only to fpeak or write This anfwer is attributed by 

to them^ and exhort them to re- Polybius to Aratus^ becaufe it 19 

tarn to their duty, and let them not probable that 3 young 

know he had an eye upon iheir Prince, no more than feventeeii 

behaviour ; that if any thing wa§ years of age, fhould be able to 

43one in prejudice of the alliance fpeak of himfelf with fo much 

in general, that being a comnion prudence and moderation. 
Concern, the alliance in general 

• Vol, VL N (i) Som* 

194 The L I F E of 

trary to nature he had hitherto worn, he gradually dif- 
covered his innate wickednefs, and appeared in his' 
true charafter. In the firfl: place he injured Aratus the 
younger, by debauching his wife, with whom he main- 
tained a commerce for a long time undifcovered, be- 
ing lodged in the fame houfe with them, upon the in- 
vitation of Aratus. After this he grew more untrada- 
ble and fevere towards the feveral cities and commu- 
nities i and it was eafiiy feen that he intended no longer 
to be direded by Aratus^ to whom he Ihowed great 
coolnefs and indifference. The beginning of this alie- 
nation was owing to a mifunderftanding in Mejfene^ the 
inhabitants of which city quarrelling among themfelves, 
Aratus marched to put a flop to the fedition j but Pi>/- 
lip arriving there a day before him, inftead of appeaf- 
ijig the inhabitants endeavoured to irjitate them flill 
more againfl one another. On the one hand he afked 
the magiftrates if they were not enabled by law to keep 
the people in obedience ; and on the other he afked the 
ringleaders of the fedition if they wanted hands to help 
themfelves againft their opprefTors. Thus both parties 
being animated by him, the magiflrates attempted to 
fcize the heads of the faftion, and they flirring up the 
people againft the magiflrates, flew them and many 
others with them, fo that there were near two hundred 
killed in that fedition. 

While PM/p after having committed this inhuman 
adion was continuing to cxafperate the Meffenians flill 
more againfl each other, Aratus arrived. From the 
very firfl he plainly fhowed that he refented this pro- 
ceeding, of Pi&i/rp, and fufFered his fon, without filencing 
hinfi, to reproach him with great acrimony, and in very 
injurious language. This young man, itfeems, was in love 
with Philip \ but upon this occafion he told him among 
other things, ^hat he no longer appeared beautiful to him, 
after the tommiffion of fuch an aSlion^ but on the contrary 
the uglieji of all men. To this Philip gave him no an- 
fwer, though he evidently was much provoked, and, 
muttered often to himfelf whilfl the other was fpeaking. 
However, he pretended to bear it with great calmnefs* 


A R A T U S. 195 

and- aflTefting to appear humane and polite he gave his 
han'd to the elder Araius^ and leading him out of the 
theatre, carried him with him to Ithome^ to facrifice 
there to Jupiter^ and take a view of the place ; for that 
poll is as ftrong as the citadel of Corinthy and with a ' 
good garrifon can command and annoy the neighbour- 
ing country, and is almoft impregnable. Philip there- 
fore went up into this caftle, and offered facrifice 5 and 
when the prieft prefented him with the entrails of the 
ox he took them in both his hands, and (bowed them 
to Demetrius of Pharitfy and Jratus^ alking firft one, 
and then the other what they judged by the tokens in the 
facrifice it was beji for him to do with the forty whether 
to keep it for himfelf or rejlore it to the Meflenians. De^ 
metrius fmiling, anfwered him, If you have in you the 
foul of ^ prieft you will rejiore it^ but if of a Prince yoti 
will hold the ox by both the horns. By which he meant that 
Peloponnefus would be wholly at his mercy, if he added 
Ithome to the Acrocorinthus. Aratus ftood filent a good 
while; but Pi^///p entreating him to declare his opinion, 
hefpoke thus: There are many and great hills inCxtxjtymany 
rocks in Boeotia and Phocis, and many impregnable places 
both near the feay and in the mid-land in Acarnania, none 
cf which have you taken by main force y but they all pay 
you a voluntary obedience. It is for thieves to fhelter them^ 
fehes on ri^ch and precipices ; but theftrongeft fort a King 
can have isjufticCy honour y and humanity. Thefe qualities 
Jbave opened to you the Cretan y^^, thefe have made you ma* 
fier of Pdoponnefus, and by the help of thefsy young as 
you arCy you are become General of the one y and Sovereign 
cf the other. While he was fpeaking Philip returned 
the entrails to the prieft, and taking Aratus by the 
hand. Come on theUy faid he,^ let us go as we came ; as 
if he thought himfelf overpowered by him, and forced 
by his- arguments to abandon the town. 

From this time Aratus began to withdraw from court, 
aftd retired by degrees from Philips company; for 
when he was preparing to march into EpiruSy and dc^ 
fired Aratus to accompany him thither, he excufed 
himfelf and ftayed at home, apprehending that he 

N a ihouid 


196 -7^^ L I F E e/^ 

Ihould get nothing but difcrcdit by Philips a6Hon»i. 
But afterwards when he had fhamefully loft his fleet ii> 
his war againft the Romans^ and mifcarried in all his 
defigns, he returned into Peloponnefusy where he endea-^; 
voured firft to win the Mejfenians by his artifices, but 
his. intentions being difcovered, he had recourfe to 
open hoftilities, and plundered and ravaged their coun- 
try ; then Araius became quite asrerfe to him, and ut- 
terly renounced his friendftiip. By this time too he 
j^new of the dilhonour done to his fon's bed, which, 
though it grieved him exceedingly, he concealed frontv 
his f6n, becaufe he could only let him know he had 
been abufed, but cDuld not help him to the means of 
revenge -, for ftrange and unaccountable was the change 
made in Philips who of a mild King, and a temperate 
youth, became a lafcivious man and a cruel tyrant. 

V But this was not fo much a real change in his nature as- 

^ a difcovery of his vicious inclinations, which fear had 

obliged him to keep concealed at firft, and to which 

at laft he gave full fcope when he thought himfelf in a 

. Gonditibn to indulge them fecurely. For that his former' 
regard for Jratus had a great mixture of fear and awe, 
appears evidently from what he did to him at laft. For 
being defirous to put him to death, (not thinking him- 
felf free, much lefs a King or Tyrant, whilft he was 
alive) and not daring to attempt it by open force, he 
commanded Taurion^ an officer in his army, and one 
of his familiar friends, to deftroy him fecretly during 
his abfence, and if poffible to do it by poiibn. Taurion 
therefore contradled a friendftiip with Aratus, and gave 
him a dofe not of a quick and violent poifon, but of 
fuch an one as caufes gentle heats arid a flight cough„ 
and. fo by degrees waftes and deftroys the body. Ara-- 
tus perceived what was done to him, but knowing that 
it was to no purpofe to complain, he bore it patiently 
and in filence, as if it had been fome common and ufual 
<3if|^roper. Only once whilft a friend of his was with 
Kim in his chamber, he happening to fpit fome blood, 
and his friend obfciving and wondering at it, he faid. 

A R A T U S. 197 

Itbefe^ Cephalon, are the rewards which the friendfinp )^ CfJ^\ 
9f a King bejlows. » ^ 

: Thus he died in JEgium in his feventeenth General- 
(hip. The Achaans were very defirous that he (hould 
be buried there, with a funeral and monument fuitable 
tp the glory of his actions ; but the Sicyonians thinking 
it would be a diflionour to them if he were interred any 
where but in their city, prevailed with the Achaans to 
grant them the difpofal of the body. But there being 
an ancient law forbidding any perfon to be buried within 
the walls of their city, which law had been conftantly 
obferved with ^ fuperftitious pun<ftuality, they fent to 
D^ii^&" to confult the prieftefs oi ApUo^ who returned 
chem this oracle : 

Ti)ou^ Sicyon, ajk'ji if ^tis allowed to raife A 
A monument to great Aratus' praife^ 
^0 ^race with folemn obfequies his urn^ 
For f acred freedom giv*n the due return '^ 
Thefe honours who ungratefully denies 
Abhor'* d be he in earth andfeas andjkies. 

When this oracle was known, the whole body of 
the Achaans rejoyced much at it, but efpecially the 
Sicyonians^ who changing their mourning into publick 
joy, iipmediately removed the body from ASgium^ and 
in a folemn proceflion brought it into the city, with 
fongs and dances, crowned with garlands, and dref- 
fed in white garments. As foon as they were arrived* 
they made choice of the moft confpicuous place, inter- 
red him there, confidering him as the founder and 
preferver of their city. The place is to this day called 
Aratium ; and there they yearly offer two facrifices to 
hini, the one on the day he delivered the city from ty- 
ranny, being the fifth day of the month Dajius^ which 
the Athenians call Anthejierion [^February'] ; and this fa- 
crifice they call Soter^ay the other is offered on his 
birth-day. The firll of thefe ufed to be performed by 
the prieft of Jupiter Soter^ the fecond by the prieft of 
Aratus^ wearing a linen girdle, the colour of which is 
not a pure white but white mingled with purple. The 

N 3 hymns 

J.98 Sn&^ L I F E / A R A T U S. 

hymns were fung to the harp by the fingers belonging 
to the theatre ; the proceffion was led up by the oiafter 
of the Gymnafium^ with the boys and young men 5 thefe 
were followed by the fenate wearing garlands, and as 
many citizens as pleafed to attend. Sotpe traces of thefe 
ceremonies remain to this day \ but the greatefl: part qf 
them have through time, and other intervening acci- 
dents, be?n difufed* 

Suicb, as hiflory tells us, was the life and charader 
of the elder Aratus,. And as to the younger. Philips 
who by nature was deteftably wicked, and extrava- 
gantly infoknt and cruel,^ave him poifons, ^hich, 
though they did not kill him diredly, deprived bin) 
of his reaion, and excited in him fuch monflrous and 
unnatural defires, and prompted him to fuch extrava- 
gant and abominable adions, as were not only in the 
higheft degree fhameful, but abfolutely deftruftive ; fo 
that though he was young, and in the flower of his 
age, his death could not be looked upon as a misfor- 
tune, but rather as a deliverance from his mifery. But 
Philip paid dearly, all the reft of his life, for thefe vio- 
lations of friendlhip and hofpitality ; for being over- 
come by the Romans he fubmitied to their mercy. By 
them he was deprived of moft of his dominions, and 
obliged to furrender all his fhips but five, to pay a fine 
of a thoufand talents, and to give up his fon for an 
hoftage. Out of pure comp^on they left to him 
Macedonia and its dependences 4 where continually putt- 
ing to death the nobkfi: of his fubjeds, and the neareft 
relations he had, he filled the whole kingdom with 
horror and deteftation of him. The only comfort left 
him among fo many difafters was a fon, remarkable 
for his virtue j but him he put to death from envy of 
the great honours hp received from the Romans^ and 
left his kingdom to his other fon Perfeus^ who, as fome 
fay, was not legitimate, but born of a femftrefs called 
Cnathcsnium* This was he whom Paulus ^milius led in 
triumph, and in whom ended the royal race oi Antigo* 
ms. But the pofterity oi Aratus continues ftill in our 
days at Sicyon and Pellem* 

G A L B A* 

t »99 ] 

G A L B A. W 

IFbicrates, General of the jUhemanSi fuppofcd that 
a foldier of fortune ought to be covetous and fen- 
fua], that he may engage in bold adventures, in 
order to obtain the means of gratifying his appetites ; . 
but it is the molt common opinion, that the body of 
an army, as well as the natural body (though ever 
fo ftrong) fhould make no efforts apart, but move only 
by the diredlion of the head. Wherefore they tell us, 
that PauiHS jEmilius, when he took upon him the com- 
mand of the army in MaceJoniat finding the foldiers 
'talkative, and impertinently bufy, as though they were 
all commanders, gave orders that they fliould have 


-^ (i) Some conjeAuie that this and the foIIcmiDg life were not 
written by Piatarci. * 

. N4 y ,(")ThU 

5!0Q T})e\ L r F E ^ 

n pnly ready hands, and keen fwords, and leave the reft 
to his care and conduft. But Plato obferving that no- 
thing fucceeded well even under the beft General, un- 
lefs the army was alfo fober and tradable, thought thai 
to know how to obey as well as how to command re- 
quired a generous nature and philoJbphical education j 
tnefe being neceflary to temper the violence and im- 
petuofity of the mind with obfequioufnefs and huma- 
nity. And indeed among many other inftances, the 
misfortunes that happened to the Romans after the death 
q{ NerOj are plain proofs, that nothing is more .dan- 
gerous than a military power .unflcilfully managed, and 
not kept under proper con troul by their leaders. There- 
•fore J)emadeSy after the de^th oi Alexander^ feeing the 
many extravagant and diforderly motions of the Mdce- 
donian army, compared it to the Cyclops Polyphemus^ af- 

\ ter his eye was out. (2) But the Roman cmpirt tell 
into all the mad convulfive motions of the T'itans^ fuch 
^s they are reprefented to us by the poets, being broken 
in pieces by rebellion, and turning her arms into her 
own bpwefs, not fo much by the ambition of the em? 
perors, as the covetoufnefs and extravagancy of the 
ioldiers, which made them thruft out one after another 
for their own. gdvanta^. 

\DicnyJius the tyrant of Sicifyy (pezking of Alexander 
Pher^uSy who was murdered after he had reigned in 
ItbeJJaly for tht fpace of ten months only, called -him 
in derifion of his fudden change, the tyrant of a tra- 
gedy, But the palace of the defars in Rome had no 
lefs than four emperors in a (horter fpace, one making 
his Exit and another entring, as if they had indeed beeii 
aftors on a theatre. It is true that the Romans, amidft all 
their fufFerings, had at lead this confolation, that they 
wanted no. other vengeance upon the authors of their 
miferies than what they executed upon one another, 
and that he fell the firft, as he well deferved, who firft 


{z) Tl^is is a lively image, and the ftate of ^he Roman empire at 

^xadt to the parpbfe. Tacitus in that time, and of the extrava- 

the firit book of his hiftory gives g^nt commotions with which it 

us an admirable defcription of was agitate4ft 

- ' • (3) Wl 

G A LB A. zoi 

/educed the foldiers, encouraged them by his promifes 
to hope for great advantages from a change, and dif- 
graced an aftion fo glorious in itfelf, as was the revolt 
againft Nero, and debafed it into treafon by rendering ic 
ipercenary. For Nympbidius Sabinus^ who, as we have 
obferved before (3), was joined in commiflion witht 
Ti^ilfinus, as captain of the praetorian cohorts, obferv- 
irig the aflfairs of Nero to be in a defperate condition, 
and that Nero himfelf was upon the point of flying 
into ^gypt', perfuaded the army to declare Galba Em- 
peror, as if Nero had already abdicated, and promifed 
every foldier of the praetorian cohorts feven thoufand five 
hundred dr^chinas, and to every foldier of the armies 
that lay quartered upand down in the provinces twelve 
hundred and fifty ; which amounted to a fum fo im- 
pienfe, that it would have been impoflible to havp 
raifed it, without opprefling the people infinitely more 
than even N^ro had done. This prefently deftroyed 
Neroy and foon after Galba too. They murdered the 
firft, in exppftation of the promifed fum; and nop 
long after the other, b^caufe he did not make good 
what had been promifed to them. Thus whilft they 
were in fearch after a man who would give them as 
^uch as they had been made to expert, * they con- 
ifumed and deflroyed thcn^felves by their rebellions 
^nd treafons without obtaining what they hoped for. 
Put to relate in order every particular incident is the 
jbufinefs of a perfon who is writing a complete hiftory; 
it is however incumbent upon me to lay before the 
reader fome of the moft remarkable circumftances that 
occur in the lives of the Cafars. 

It is confeflfed by all tnat Sulpitius Galba was the 
richeft private man that ever rofe to the imperial dig- 
pity. And though he was of very noble extraftion, 
):)eihg defcended from the family of the Servii, yet he 
valued himfelf much more upon his relation to ^intus 


(3) We find no mention of it the life o£ ffero, which was \vrit- 
!n any of his writings that re- ten hy Plutar^h^ and is now 
f^a|n. Without doubt it was in loll. 

(4) Theft 

20* "The h IV E of 

CataJus Ca^toUnusy who was the firft man in his rinic 
for virt«c and reputation, though he voluntarily re- 
figned to others the firft rank in power and authority. 

Galba was fomewhat related to Livia the wife ofJitc^ 
gufiusy by whofe intereft he was preferred from the office 
lie held in the palace to' the dignity of Conful. It is faid 
of him that he honourably difcharged his command in 
Germanyy and being made Proconful of Uiya, he dif- 
tinguifhed himfelf even among thofe who had gained 
the greateft reputation in that province. But his nar- 
row parfimonious way of living, and his averfion to all 
fupcrfluity and excefs, was cenfurcd as avarice when he 
became Emperor, and the pride he took in his temper- 
ance and oeconomy was then cfteemed unfeafonable^ 
H« was entrufted by Nero with the government of 
Spiifty before that Prince had learned to ftand in fear of 
thofe citizens who had the greateft power and authority. 
And as Galia appeared naturally to be of a mild tem- 
per, it was expefted from his age that he would dif- 
tinguifh himfelf no lefs by his judgment and prudence. 

The Emperor's officers (4), a moft pernicious fet of 
men, oppreffed the provinces with the utmoft cruelty. 
It was riot in Galea's power to relieve them •, but he~ 
gave them manifeft tokeos of his tender concern for 
their fuffi^rings, which was fome fort of confolation to 
them, even when they were condemned, and fold for 
flaves. At that time there were fome fatirical fongs 
hiadc againft iV>7'<?, which were difperfed about "and 
fung every where ; but Galba took no care to fupprefs 
fhem, or profccute the authors and promoters of them, 
which thofe officers did with great feverity. This made 
him ftrll more beloved by the natives, with fome of 
whom he had contrafted a friendfliip and familiarity 
during the time of his government among them, which 
held for eight years, t\\\ Junius VindeXy who commanded 
in Gauly revolted agaihtt Nero. We are told that be- 
fore the defign openly appeared, Vindex communicated 
it to Galbay who neither countenanced nor difcovered it, 



(^) Thqfe were called Procuratons Principisj officos fent by the 


G A L B A. 20 J 

f s feveral of the governors in the other province did, 
who immediately lent to Nero the letters they had re- 
ceived from Fittdexj and thus to the utmoft of their 
power ruined the whole undertaking; and as they 
themfelves were afterwards accomplices in it, they were 
forced to confefs that they had betrayed themfelves as 
well as Vindex. But when Vindex had openly declared 
war againfl Nero he wrote once more, to Galba^ and ex- 
horted him to take the government upon bimj and place him^ 
felf at the bead of the Gauls, who wanted a kader^ and 
were already a body of a hundred thoufand armed men^ and 
were able to raife a greater force upon occajton. Galba called 
a council of his friends, to advife with them upon this 
propofal. Some of them were of opinion that he ought 
to wait, and fee how Rome ftood inclined towards a 
change. But TV/oy Vinius^ Captain of one of the praeto- 
rian cohorts, ftood up, and faid. What room is then 
here f^nr deliberation ? ^$ queflion vjhether we Jhall re^ 
fnain faitbfid to Nero, is to rebel againft him. Since be 
therefore is now to be confidered as an enemy ^ you mufi either 
embrace the propofition (?/ Vindex, er elfe accufe him imme^ 
diateh/j and march to fupprefs bim^ becaufe be bad rathe f 
have Galba for Emperor of the Romans, than Nero fot 
their tyrant. Upon this Galba*hy an edid appointed a 
certain day for enfranchifing all thofe who requefted it. 
The rumour of this publication foon brought together a 
great croud of men Itrongly inclined to revolt *, and he 
could fcarce mount the tribunal before he was with an 
univerfal acclamation faluted Emperor, He refuied to 
take the title upon him at firft*, but after he had bit- 
terly inveighed againft JVi?rt7, and particularly lamented 
the lofs of the moft cohHderable of thofe who had been 
deftroyed by him, he declared that he devoted bimfelf to 
the fervice of his country^ not as Caefar, or Emperor^ but 
unly as Lieutenant to tbefenate and people. 

That Vindex aded wifely in inviting Galba to the em- 
pire, the behaviour of Nero himfelf was an evidence ; 
for though he feemed to defpife him, and to be in no 


trnperors into- thei feveral provinces to coUeA the tribate. 

jao4 The L 1 F E of 

degree apprehenfive of the Gauls, yet when he heard of 
Galba^s motions, of which he happened to receive intel- 
Jigence juft as he had bathed, and was fat down tofup- 
per, he in great fury overturned the table. But as foon 
^ the fenate had declared Galba an enemy to the ftate, 
he grew witty upon the fubjed, and with an air of con- 
fidence faid to his friends, This, is what I wanted. I 
have been long at a lofs for a pretence to raife money, and 
now I have it. J Jhall have no fooner conquered the Gauls, 
but all their wealth will be mine -, in the mean time I will 
take pojfeffion ^Galba'j ejiate, fince he is a declared enemy ^ 
and difpofe of it as I think fit. Accordingly he com- 
manded it to be fold. When Galba was informed of 
this he likewife expofed to fale Nero\ eftate in Spain^ 
jind found a greater number of buyers. 

The number of thofe who revolted from Nero con-f 
tinually incrcafed, and all declared for Galba, except 
Clodius M&ceri who commanded in Africa, and Virginius 
Rufus General of the army in Germany^ who adted fepa- 
rately, and with different views. Clodius, who was con- 
fcious of niany enormities, and knew himfelf guilty of 
rapine and murder, to which his unbounded avarice 
i^nd cruelty had prompted him, knew not what mea- 
fures to take ; wherefore in that uncertainty/he neither 
v»ould accept, nor reje6t the imperial title : and Virgi- 
nius, who had under his command fome. of the beft le- 
gions in the empire, and had been often preffed by them 
to take upon him the title of Emperor, declared, that 
he would not only refufe it himfelf, but fuffer no one 
clfe tp affume it, who was not ele£bcd to it by the fe-» 

Thefe things at 6rft exceedingly perplexed Galba ; 
but after the two armies of Virginius and Vindex had 
forced their chiefs, like two charioteers who have no 
longer the reins at their command, to come to a battle, 


• (5) He was of a praetorian fa- and ferved honourably. He was 
mily, and paiTed through all the afterwards made Governor of 
offices without blemifh. Upon Gallia Narbonenjts^ in which pro- 
the expiration of his praetorlhip vince he behaved with great juf- 
ke was made Tribune of a legion^ tice and integrity. But at ia|t 



C A L B A: ioj. 

Und Vindex after the lofs of twenty thoufand Gaulsy who. 
were killed, upon the fpot, had laid violent hands on 
himfelf, it was reported that the viftorious army impor- 
tuned Virginius to accept of the empire, threatening in. 
cafe of a refufal to return to Nero. ' Galba^ being terri-*. 
bly alarmed at this report, wrote to him, exhorting him 
to join with him for the prefervation of the empire, and 
the liberty of the Romans. At the fame time he retired 
with his friends to a city in Spain called Colonia^ where 
he*refided for fome time, rather repenting of what he 
had already done, anddefiringa lifcofcafeand privacy^ 
to which he had been accultomed, than confidering 
what was fit to be done for the future. It was now the 
fumroer feafon, when one day one of his/reedmen, 
named IceluSy arrived injevgndays fromi2t?;»^ at C^/^-. '^ 
nia ; and learning at his arrival where Galba was re- 
pofing himfelf, he went up to the room, opened the 
door, and entering in fpite of the attendants, who 
would have oppofed him, he told Galbay that fome time 
before^ though Nero was then livings yet as he did not ap- 
pear^ firji thearmy^ and after, them the fenate and the peo^ 
ple^ had declared him Emperor ^ and that foon after the news 
was current of the tyranCs death. He added, that he- 
would not truji to common report ^ but went himfelf to be a 
witnefs ofity and when he hadfeen his dead body extended, on 
the ground^ he haflened away to bring him an account of it. 

Galba was extrertiely revived at this intelligence. At 
the fame time his door was crouded with a number of 
people, who were greatly encouraged by the account he 
gave them, though the ejcpedition ufed by the meflfenger- 
fcemed almoft incredible. But two days after ^itus Vi^ 
nius arrived with fcveral others from the camp,. and gave 
him a particular account of the proceedings of the fe* 
mate. For this good news, (5) 2lr/«j was advanced to 
a very honourable employment ; . his freedman was al- 
lowed the privilege of wearing the gold ring, was named! 

becoming a favourite ofGaIha, hatred and contempt of the peo* 
and one of his £ril mini Hers, he pie. He was flain immediately 
made an ill ufe of his authority, after Galba, Tacit. Hifi. lib. 1. 
and expofed his mailer to the • • 

(6) N(r§ 

io6 7be L IF E of 

Marcianus^ inftead of Icelus^ and had more credit and 
authority with Galba than any of his freedmen. 

In the mean time Nymphidius Sabinus ufurped all the 
authority at Rome^ not ieifurely and by degrees, but 
all on a fudden, looking^ on Galba as an infirm man, 
who by reafon of his great age (for he was feventy- three 
years old) was unable to fupport a journey to Rome^ 
though he were carried in a litter. Befides, the foldiers 
who were there had long been well-affcdtcd to him, and 
now efpcciaily they were at his back, looking on him 
as their benefadtor, by reafon of the immenfe fums he 
had given them, whilft they confidered Galba only as 
their debtor. In the firft place, he commanded 7igeU 
linus^ who was joined in command with him, to lay 
down his office. After this he made feveral magnificent 
entertainments for thofc who had been Confuls, or had 
commanded in the army, who were all invited in the 
name oi Galba. At the fame time he inftrufted many 
of the foldiers to fay that a petition fhould be fent to 
Galba to appoint Nymphidius perpetual and fole com- 
mander. But the refpeft that the fenate paid him, 
ftylrng him their benefadlor, attending daily at his 
gates, ind giving him the compliment of confirming 
their a6ts, raifed him to a greater degree of arrogance, 
fo that in a fhort time he was not only envied, but even 
dreaded by thofe who were moll attached to him. 
Once when the Confuls had made ufc of the ftate-mef- 
fengers to convey the decrees of the fenate to the Em- 
peror, and had fealed the difpatches with their own fig- 
nets, upon fight of which the magiftrates in the feveral 
towns through which they were to pafs were obliged to 
furnifli them with carriages at every different ftage for 
the greater expedition, he highly refented it becaufe his 
feal was not made ufe of, and none of his foldiers em- 
ployed in the fervicc. Nay, it is faid, that he once 
thought of punifhing the Confuls for that affront, but 
upon their apology and fubmifl[ion he was appeafed. 
'To ingratiate himlelf with the people he fuffercd them 



(6) Ntn called bin) S^iaa. 


L B A. 

to put to death in the cruclleft manner as many of Nero's 
party as fell into their hands. Among others, they 
fattened Spicillius a gladiator under Nero\ ftatues which 
ihey dragged along the ftreets, and Cruftied him Co 
pieces in the Forum. They laid a celebrated informer 
named Aponius flat on the ground^ and drove carts 
loaded with ftones over him. Many others they feizcd^ 
and tore in pieces, among whom were feveral who were 
innocent. Infomuch that Maurifcus^ who was defervedly 
cfteemcd one of the beft men in the city, declared in the j 
fenate, that be was afraid they fiouldfoon have caufe t9 -n" 
wijh for Nero. 

Thus Nympbidius advancing every day nearer to the 
completion of his hopes, fufFered it to be reported that 
he was the fon of Caius Cafar^ who fucceedcd Tiierius^ 
For that Prince in his youth had fome correfpondence 
with the mother of Nympbidius^ a woman beautiful 
, enough, the daughter oiCaUijius^ C^efar\ freedman, by 
a fempftrefs. But it is evident that defar^s commerce 
Nwith his mother was later than the birth of Nympbidius \ 
it is more likely that he was the fon of a gladiator 
named Martianus^ with whom his mother Nympbidia was 
enamoured on account of his great reputation j and the 
refemblance there was between him and that gladiator. 
is a ftrong proof of that conjedure. However he ac-» 
knowledged that he was the fon of Nymphidia ; and va- 
luing himfelf as the only author of Nero^s death, he did 
not think he was fufficiendy rewarded by the honours 
and \yealth he enjoyed, nor even by having Spcrus for 
his bedfellow, the favourite of Nero ^ whom he took 
from the funeral pile whilft his mailer's corpfe was. 
burning, treated as his wife, and called iP<?/>p^a (6),/^ 
but he afpired to the empire, alfo, and ziRome was 
affifted in carrying on his defign by his friends, by 
certain women, and by fome perfons of fenatorial . 
dignity whom he had privately won over to his in- 
^ tereft. He likewife.fcnt one. of his friends named 6V/- 
lianui into Spain to be a fpy upon Galba^ and fend hini 
an account of affairs there. 


ioS ' ^e t it E .y 

^But every thing fucceeded to Gallia's widb' after the! 
death of Nero ; only Virginius Rufus remaining undeter- 
mined gave hini fome uneafinefs. He was afraid left' 
being at the head of fo powerful • an army, having ac- 
quired great honour by the defeat oiVindex^ and hav- 
ing added to his command the province of Gaul which 
was fo confiderable a part of the Roman empire, and 
was then fluctuating, and ripe for a revolt, he might 
give ear to thofe who invited him to the empire. For 
no man had a greater name and reputation than Kirgi^ 
niuSj no man had had a greater (hare in thofe revolu- 
tions, or contributed fo much to deliver the Romanf 
from a* cruel tyranny, and at the fame time preferve 
them from ^(jallick wzr. But he continuing firm to' 
his firft refolutions, fefef ved to the fenite the power of 
elefting an Emperor; and even after there was a cer- * 
tainty in the army of the death of Nero, though the 
foldiers crouded about him, and prefled him to aflumcf 
the title, though one of the tribunes came itito his tent 
with his fword drawn, requiring hinn to receive thar,"^ 
ot the empire, he ftill perfifted in a denial. 

But as foon as Fabius Valens^ who commanded one of 
the legion^, ^ad taken the oath of fidelity to Galba^ and 
they had received letters frOm Rome containing an ac- 
count of the refolutions of the fenate, he prevailed on 
tjie army, though with great difficulty, to ^ckhowledge 
Galba for Emperor, And Galba having foon after fent 
Flaccus Hordeonius to fuccecd him in the command, hef 
received him and refigned the army to him. He thert 
went to meet Galba^ and attended on him in his journey 
to Rome^ without receiving from him the leaft mark 
either of refpeft or refentment. Galba did not (how 
him any marks of refentment, becaufe he had a great 
eftcem for him -, nor t)n the contrary did he pay him 
any honour, becaufe he was diverted from .it by his 
friends, /efpecially by 7V/«J ^/w«j, who was jealous of 
him, and endeavoured to put a ftop to his promotion. 


(7) This.aflion, exceedingly was ftill aggravated by the place 

infoknt and fiiameful in itfelf> where* it was coaimitted, for 

4- ' " that* 

O A L ^ A; 209 

• • • * 

Jini iA this he was more his^ frisnd than he intended^ 
and contributed to that happiness, which he thought he 
was oppofmg. For by keeping him out of the way of 
preferment, he prcferved bitntrom all the-contenrions 
and calamities in which the other officers of the arm/ 
were Afterwards involved, and fecufed to him a quiet 
life, and a peaceful old agei 

The ambaffadors fcnt to Gdlia from the ftriate met 
him near Narbo^ a- city in Gaul^ where they paid theif 
compliments to him, and befought him to make what ^ 
i^flehe could to fhow himfelf to the people, who impa^^* 
tiently longed for his prefence. Galba reedved them 
very gracioufly, difcourfed to them with great opeh- 
nefs and familiarity, and invited them to an eniertain-'^ 
ment ; where though Nymphidtus had fent him a great 
deal of rich furniture, which belonged to NercTy he ne* 
yer ufcd any of it, but contented himfelf with his own, ' 
wherein he .appeared truly great, and flibwed that he 
had a mind fuperior to all thpfe vanities. But Titus Vi^ 
mm foon made him believe that this magnanimity^ ^ 
Aiodefty, and fimplicity, betrayed an ambition of popu* j 
larity beneath his grandeur and dignity, and perfuaded/ ^ 
him to make ufc of iVifrtf 's riches, without denying him-* 
fclf any thing that might ferve to make his entertain* 
ments appear truly royal and magnificent; fo that the 
old man foon made it evident that he was entirely go-^' - 
verned by Vimus. 

Finiusyfz% the moft covetous of all meii, and very 
much addi<3;ed to women. For when he was but youngs • 
and was making his firft campaign under Galvijius Sa^ 
hinus^ he one night brought into the camp difguifed in 
a foldier*s habit his Gencrars own wife, a very lewd 
woman, and lay with her in that part of the camp 
which the Romans call Principia (7). For this aftion he 
was imprifoned by Caius CJ/ar^ but was fortunately de- 
livered by his death. Being one night ii^vited to fup-^ ' 
per by the Emperor C/aiK&i»> he ftolc a filver cup; ^^ 

' ' * whin 

tKaC part of the eamp was held kept, and there likewife were thfii . 
facred. There ihe^ enfignt (ureve altars of th^ Ood^t ' 

aio The L IF E of 

when the Emperor caxne to be informed of it; be fcoi. 
to invite him to fupper the neyt day, and commanded 
the officers who waited U the table to feiive Finius in 
nothing but earthen wa^e^ (howigg by this mild 
and pleafanc reproof that he thought the , h& de- 

rferved to be laughed at, racier than puniihed. But the 
robberies he committed afterwards, when he governed 
Galifa as he pleafed, were the real caufe of many tr^ical 
events, and afforded a pretence for more. For whea 
NympbitUus was informed by GelUanfiSj upon his return 
out of SfaiHy whither he h^d fent him as a fpy upoa 
Galia^ that Cornelius Loco was declared Captain of the 
p.rastorian band, mdFinius was chief favourite atcourt» 
and that he could find no opportunity to get near the 
Emperor, and difcourfe with him in private, being 
continually watched and fufpedted, he found himfelf 
under the greateft perplexity ; and funimoning all the 
officers of the praetorian cohorts, he told them ibat 
Gaiba of himfelf was an boneft harmlefs old man^ but tbat 
be did not make ufe of bis own reafdn^ but fuffered bimfdf 
to be guided by Vinius and Laco, who made an ill ufe ef 
tbe power they had over him % that they ought therefore^ 
without giving them time gradually to ejiablifo themfehes^ 
and acquire the fame power and authority which had been 
ufurped by Tigellinus, to fend ambajfadors to tbe Emperor^ 
in the name of tbe whole army^ and remonjlrate to him thai 
if be only removed thofe ^ two from his fervicij bisprefencc 
would be much more acceptable to the Romans, than if he 
continued them near bifperfon. But when he faw the offi* 
cers did not relifh the motion, but that on the contrary 
they thought it ftrange and abfurd to prefcribe rules to 
an Emperor of his age. and experience, as if he had 
been a boy newly advanced to power, and to tell him 
who of his friends were to be trufted, and who to be di£^ 
carded, he changedvbis meafures« He wrote to Galba^ 
to terrify him, telling him fometimes that the city was 
In a very unfetded conditio^ and that there was danger 
of a revolt ; at others, that Clodius Macer detained the 
corn- (hips in utfrica,\ Jqn^etimcs that, the arii^ies in G^^ 
fnany were mt^twying \^ ^d at ottjprs, tha( the troops in ^ 
. "^ >d ' Syria^ 

G A L B A. fttt 

k^^ra and Judaea were in the fame difpofition. Bttt whfeii 
jbe found that Galia flighted this intelligence^ and gave 
ho credit to what he had written, he refolved to be be- 
forehand with him, and feizc the imperial dignity to 
himfelf, Contrary to all the remonftrances that were 
made him by Chdins Celfus of Antiocby sl man of good 
underftanding, and his intimate friend, who continually 
reprefentcd to him that there was not one family in 
Rome^ who would ever be brought to give Nympbidiut 
the title of C^efar' Notwithftanding this, moil people de*- 
Ipifed and derided Galbay and among the rt^ Mithridates 
of PontuSy who making himfclf merry with his withered 
face and bald head, faid, At frefent whilft he is at fomt 
difiance the Rormns entertain mighty expectations ofhim^ 
hut the moment he arrives ^ and they cajl their eyes upon bim^ 
they will own it afvandal and difgrace to tbeprefent age that 
ever he was named Csefar. 

At laft it was refolved to convey Nymphidius by night 
iiito the camp, and there proclaim him Emperor. BuC 
Antmius Honoratasy the firft of the tribunes, aflembling 
in the evening the foldiers under his command, con- 
demned himfelf, and condemned them, for having ia 
fo fhort a time changed lb often, not from any diftates 
of reafoo, or a regard to what was beft, but becaufe 
they were agitated by feme evil genius, which hurried 
them on from one trealbn to another ; he told them that 
indeed there was fome pretence for what they had done 
againft iVirr^, who had provoked them. to it by his 
cruelty and tyranny. But noWy faid he, what is it 
prompts you to abandon and betray G?L\h^,} Can you re* 
proach hifh with the milrder of his wife and mother ? Did 
be ever difgrace the imperial dignity by expoflng himfelf at 
an aSor on the ft age f Tet notwithftanding all the provt>cati^ 
Cfis he had given uSy we thought it not fit to abandon biftp 
till we were perfuaded ^jNymphidius that he bad abandoned 
^sfirfty and was fled into Mgy^i. Af/^/J Galba thenfaU 
a 'OiSiim to appeafe the ghhft of Nero ? Muft we remove one 
^Livia*^ family y as we have already cut off the fon if 
Agrippina, on purfofe to make way for the fon ^Nyni- 
phidix ? Bhatt we not father punifh him far bis aimers and 

O 2 tbtis 

212 ^Tbe L I !F E of 

tbusftnm ourfekes the avengers ^Nero, and tbefaitl^ 
, foldiers of Galba ? 

This difcourfe of the Tribune brought all that heard 
iiim over to his fentiments, fo that they immediatel/ 
went to their companions, and exhorting them to main- 
tain inviolable the oath they had taken to the Emperor^ 
perfuaded a great number to join with them. At the 
lame time Nympbidius hearing a loud fhout, and either 
imagining, as fome conceive, that he was then called 
upon to be proclaimed Emperor, or elfe being will- 
ing to prevent an infurreftion, and fix thofe who might 
fiill be wavering, haftened thither attended by a great 
number of lights, and holding a fpeech in his hand 
compofed by Cingonius Varro^ which he had got by heart 
in order to pronounce it to the army. But when be 
found the gates of the camp fhut againft him, and ob- 
ferved the walls manned with armed foldiers, he began 
to be afraid) however advancing nearer, he afked 
them, fFbaf they were about ^ and by wbofe direSion they 
were thus in arms ? They anfwered one and all, fVe 
acknowledge no other perfoHjor Emperor but Galba. He . 
pretending to be of the fame fentiment commended 
them for their fidelity, and commanded thofe who ac- 
companied him to follow his example. . 

They who were pofted at the gates admitted him and 
fome few of his followers into the camp, where imme- 
diately a dart was thrown at him, which Septimius^ who 
was marching before him, received on his fhield. But 
when feveral others began to attack him with their 
drawn fwords he betook himfelf to flight, and was fol- 
lowed into a foldier's hut, where they murdered him;^ 
His body was dragged into the. middle of the camp, 
where they railed it round, and expofed it to publick 
view the next morning. 

Nympbidius being in this manner removed, Galba^ as 
foon as he was informed of it, commanded all his ac- 
complices, who had not prevented him by killing them- 
felves, to be put to death. Among thofe ^asCif^o^ 
musVarro^ who had compofed his fpeech for him, and 
Mtbridates p{ Pontus. But this proceeding feemed to 
' ^" '5 .. "be 



G A L B A. , 21 J 

^be arbitrary and illegal, and though they deferved their 
punifiiment, yet was it by no means popular, to put 
- to death men of their rank without a trial. Every one 
cxpeSred another method of government, being deceived, 
as it is ufual, by the firft plaufible pretences ; but that 
which concerned them more than all the reft was the 
death of Petrmius Turpilianus^ a perfon of Confular dig- 
nity, who had been faithful to Nero. Indeed there 
was fome pretence for the death of Mdcro^ who was 
flain in ji^rica by Trebmanut^ and for that of F<?»- 
teiusCapitOj who fell by the hands of Falens inGermany^ 
becaufe they were in arms, at the head of legions, and 
might for that reafon be dangerous. But a man in Tur^ 
filiams^s ^ircumftances, broken with age, naked and 
defencelefs, might furely have expelled to have been 
heard by a Prince who refolved to obferve that modera- 
tion in his adions, which he had promifed in his 
fpeeches. Thefe things brought a great reproach upon 

When he was come within five and twenty furlongs 
of the city he was accofted by a diforderly rabbfeof fea- 
men, who befet him in his pafiage. Thefe men had 
bceiv enrolled in the army by Nero^ and formed into a 
legion* And now they addreffed themfelvcs to Gatba^ 
requiring to have their cftablilhment confirmed, ftop- 
mg up the way from all others who came to wait upon 
the Emperor, not fufFering them to apprbach his per- 
fon, to fee him or fpeak with him, and in a Clamorous 
manner infifted upon having colours and legionary quar- 
ters affigned to them. Galba put them off to another 
time, which they taking for a denial grfcw enraged and 
mutinous, and fome of them drew their fwords, upon 
-which Galba commanded the horfe to attack them. 
They made no refiftance, but were routed at the firft 
onfet, and many of them were killed in their flight. 
This could not but be looked upon as an ill omen for 
Galba^ who thus niade his entrance into the city through 
fo much blood and flaughter. And if he .was before 
contemned for his age and infirmities by fome, he waa 
tow looked upon by all with fear and horror. 

O' 3 Being 

214 ne LIFE of 

Being deHrous to reform the -exCTaT^nGe lA dofm> 

tioDS that prevailed during the reign oi Nero^^ he vuk 

into the other extreme, and fell ihort even of propriety 

and decency^ When Canus an excellent mufician had 

entertained him once all fupper-time with his flute, an4 

he could not but highly cominend the excellence ol* 

the performance, he fent for his purie, and gave him a 

few pieces of gold (8), telling him that, he made hini 

that prefent out of his own money, and not out of that 

of the publick. He cauied a ftridt enquiry to be mad^ 

into all the money Nero had lavilhly beftowed upon 

jyplayers and wreftlers, and refungsd^it, fuSering them 

^to enjoy only a tenth. But as they were a difiblute fee 

of people, living only from day to day, molt of them 

had fpent all their money, fa that he was no. great 

I gainer by that refun^ption \ wherefore he extended hti 
enquiry even to thofe who had trafficked with them^ 
and bought or received any thing from tbem» and 
forced them to refund. And as this was an a^air 
without bounds, and many were afF^<5led by it, it 
brought great difgrace upon the Emperor, and uni> 
verfal hatred and refentment upon Vinm. For it was 
evident that he made the Emperor fordid and ava^ic|<n 
pus to others, that he might gratify his own' inf^i^bld 
dvarice by getting every thing into his hands, and put- 
ing it up to fale. In fhort, according to HeJiGd'% .pr^ 

ff From the full cafk with freedom quench your thirfi^ 
When UttWs left drink freely as at firfl^ 

Vinius being fenCble that the Emperor w^ old and 
feeble, determined to make the utmoft advantage^of 
his fortune, which he beheld in the fame inftant both 
riling and falling. 

But the aged Emperor was very much injured by Fi- 
riius^ who managed very unfaithfully the affairs com* 
xpitted to him, and either condemned or defeated Gd-^ 

(8) Suetonius In^ hi« account of Cwt^ auum Choraul^ mire^fh^nii^f 
tUs piece of hiilory fay& that dendrtQs quinqut dmajjk^ frQltM 
Galba gave him five Dtnarii, mamfua fecuUaribm lofuliu fut 


G A t B A. 215 

|KiiP» beft intentions, pzn\tuHrfy in the puniihment of 
thofe who had been employed by Nero in the admirii* 
itraicfon. The £mp^ror bad catifed feveral of thofe 
inifcreants to be put to death as they deferv^, among 
^hom were Elius^ PofyttttUs^ PetinuSj and Pdfrohius, 
The people clapped their hands when they faw them 
led through tht Forum to the place oT execution, crying 
out that it was a moil glorious and facred proceffion 1 
but then they added, that both Gods and men demanded 
that Nero^^ iriftruftor and preceptor in tyranny, Tigel-- 
iimsy ifaould be punifhed* But that worthy minifter 
had been beforehand with them^ he had purchafed the 
favour of Finius by large fums of money, which yet 
were only pledges of mort fubftantial acknowledgments. 
^urpilianusj who was hated only becaufe he could nei* 
ther hate nor betray fo wicked a mafter, without having 
been guilty of any notorious injuftice, or having fhared 
in the crimes oiNero^ was nevertheJefs put to death ; 
whereas he^ who firft plunged Kis Prince into that guilt 
for which he deferved to die, and afterwards forlook 
and betrayed him, was fuflPered to live, and to afford a 
ftrbng proof that every thing might be bought of ^/W«J, 
mid that no man had reafon to defpair whilft he had 
money to give him. For there was nothing the people 
of Rmm fo paiHonately defired as to behold Tigellinta ^ 
led to execution. It was what they daily infilled upon 
in the theatre and Circus ; which at laft conftrained thef 
Emperor to check them by the publication of an edift, 
wherein he aflured them that Tigellinus could not live 
long, being much wafted with a confumption, and de- 
fired sbat they would not make his government appear cruel ^ 
and tyrannical 

This proceeding very much difpleafed the people, 
who were only laughed at, both by Tigellinus^ who of- 
fered a ' facrifice to the Gods for his deliverance and 
made a magnificent entertainment, and by Vinius^ who 
when he had fupped with the Emperor went to revel 

in AWVs titne there were Denarii of goldj each of which waa ivorth 

Ai6 the h IT E of ' 

with ^igfllinusy carrying with him his ^ughtftr, r^iK^i^ 
wa$ then a widow. ^igeUinm drank to her» tand at the 
.ikme time made her a prefent of two. hundred and fifty 
thoufand drachmas \ and commanding the chief ^of his 
concubines to take frpm . her own neck a necklace va* 
lued at a hundred and fifty tbou&nd nK>re, he ordered 
Jier to prefent that likewife to the widow. 

From that tinoe every thing the Emperor did, though 
ever fo mild and moderate, was condemned and cen* 
fured ; thus, for inilance, his lenity to the Gauls^ who 
iiad been in the confpiracy vith Vinde^^.v/Sis mifrcprc- 
fented ; for the people fuppofed that they were made 
free of the city, and di&ha^rged of their taxes, not from 
the clemency of the Emperor, but becaufe they had 
jpurchafed thefe privilege's .at a high rate k^ Vinius. 
Hence the government became odious to the common 
people. But the foldiers were kejpt quiet a while, in ex- 
pefbation of the donative which had been promifed them, 
fuppofing that if. they did not receive the full, yet at 
leaft they fhoyld receive as much as bad been given them 
py.NerOi but when Galta wfs told that they began to 
miirmur and complain, he replied in a manner worthy 
b£ ah heroic^ Cripce, tkal hs cujlom was to xbaofe^ and 

'^ vot iuy bis foldiers. fhis faying mgde them conceive. 
an implacable hatred againft him .; for they confidered 
him as hot only defrauding theip hinifelf, but as giving 
an ill precedent to his fqcceffpr. ^ 

There was a tendency to a.rpvolt among the pras- 
torian bands at Romj but the reverence . they, bore 
Calhaj who was prefent among them, Ibmewhat re- 
tarded their motions, and abated their vehemence i 
and 'finding no fufEcient ground for rebellion, they 
curbed their difcontents for the prefent. But the ar- 
mies, which had fervf d formerly under VerginiuSf and 
were then commanded by Flaccus in Germawf^ valuing 

* thejpfelves highly upon their late viftory over Findex^ 
for which they had received no recompence^ would 
not be reftraihed by their officers, nor pay any rcfpcft 
to the General himfelf, who was rendered infirm by 
the gout, and was gt" thf beft a perfoa pf no great cx» 



G A L' B A. 217 

pbnence lii miKtary affairs. At one of their feftivals, 
when it was cuftomary for the officers of the army to 
wtih happinefs to the Emperor, the common foldiers 
began to clamour; but when the officers repeated 
their good wilhes^ they all replied. If he ie worft y. -\ 

The legions under the command oV^hgdlinus were 
guilty of the like infolence, of which Galba was fully 
informed by his procurators ; whereupon fufpe£ling 
4;hat he might be dcfpifed, not only for his old age, 
•but alfo for want of iffue, he determined to adopt 
fome young man of quality, and declare him his fuc* 

There was at that time in Rcme a young man called 
Otbo^ a perfon of no mean extradton -, but who from 
his infancy had been remarkably diftinguifhed among 
the Remans iot hjixwty and debauchery. And zs Homer t 
often calls Paris^ fair Helen V bufband^ htC2^\kte he had I 
nothing in himfelf to recommend him, fo was Otbo ^ 
talked of at Rome chiefly for being thie hufband of 
P^/ea. Nero fell in love with her whilft Ihe was 
the wife of Cri^musi but having not then thrown o(F 
gll the refpe<5l dup to his ownconfort, and being under 
fymQ^ fear of offending his mother, he concealed his 
paffipn, and engaged Otbo privately to fol licit her in 
his. behalf. > For .O/i&^'s debauchery had recommended 
bim to sNeroy w1k> ufed t6 take great plcafure in being 
rallied by him upon his niggardlinefs and avarice.. 
."We are told that one day when Nero was perfum- 
ijig.himfelf with an eflence of extraordinary value, he 
fprf nkled a little of it upon Otbo. The next day Oibo 
invited the Emperor to fupper, and as foon as he en- ---^ 
tered, fome gold and filver pipes prepared for that | 
purpofe, difperfed an eflence of the fame lort through- 
out the whole room^ as if it had been water. Having. ' 
therefore firft debauched Poppaa in the name of Nero^ 
by making her hope to have that Prince for her lover, 
he at laft perfuaded her to part with her hufband, 
and took her home as his own wife. But he was npt 
fo happy that he enjoyed her, as he was uneafy at his 
^^ring her with a rivaK It is faid Poppaa was fo far 


2i8 ^e "LIV "E of 

from being difpleafed at this jealoufy in Otho^ that die 
rcfufcd even to adrpit Nero when Otbo was abfent 5 wHift- 
ther it was with a defign to keep Nero^s appetite kecry, 
which might have been blunted by too eafy an accefs, 
or whether, as fi^me fay, Ihe had no inclination for 
Ner^ as a hufband, but chofe rather to have him a& 
a gallant, which quality was moft agreeable to her 
wanton appetite. Olho*& life was in great danger upon 
his marrying this woman ; and it was fomething afto* 
nifhing that Nero, who had facriBced his wife and fifter 
for the fake of Poppjea^ would yct» fpare Otio. But 
Seneca had a friendibip for Ctbo, and it was he wha 
prevailed with Nero to fcnd him as Pr«tor into Ltfji' 
iama, upon the borders of the ocean, where he behaved 
•with, (o much prudence and moderation, that he was 
neither oppreffive nor difagreeable to the inhabitants ; 
for he was fenfible that this command was conferred 
upoh him only as a more honourable exile (9). 

Upon Galhi's revolt from Nero he was the firft of all 
the^governors in the provinces who declared for hilii, 
land taking with him all the plate he had, whether of 
gold or filver, he prefented it to him, in order to have 
it coined for his fervice. At the fame time he made 
him a prcfent of fu<th of his fervants as were beft qua- 
lified'to manage the table of ai Prince. In every thiftg 
^ifc he afted with' great fidelity to Galba^ and foori 
made it appear that do one about him had more expe-^ 
rience, or was mo^e fit to ferve him in the admini- 
ftration. He accompanied . him during the whole 
jouriiey to Rcme^ travelling with him fometimes in th6 - 
fame chariot for many days together ; in all which 
time he made his court to FiniuSy recommending hitn- 
ielf to him by his converfation and prefents, but by 
nothing more than in yielding to him the firft degree 
in his Prince's favour; by which means he himfelfob* 
tained the fecond, with this advantage over ViniuSy that 
he was neither envied nor hated by any man, but 
beftowed his favours freely and gratuitoufly, and waSi 


^ ,(9) On this occafi6Q the foUawing diftich wa< owde }. 

G A L B A, 919 

4tfable and cafy of acccfii to all who hsai any bufinefs 
^ith him. But he Ibowed a peculiar regard for the 
officers in the army, many of whom he got preferred 
to the higheft pofts, fome by the Emperor himie)f» 
and the reft by the means of ViniuSy and Galba\ freed* 
men Icelus and Afiaticus ; for they were the perfons of 
the greateft credit and authority in the court, * As 
often as he entertained Gdba at his own houfe he in* 
finuated himfelf into the favour of the cohort upon 
gMard, by prefenting every foldidr with a piece of gold. 
Thus under a pretence of doing honour to his Prince 
by thefe donations^ he circumvented him, and efta* 
biifhed his own intereft in the prsetorian bands. 

Whilft Galba was deliberating upon the choice of 
a fucceflbr, Vimus propofed Otboi which he did for his 
qwn intereft, becaufe Oibo had promifed to marry his 
daughter whenever he fhould be adopted by Galba^ 
and declared lus fucceftbr. BrnGalba who conftantly 
(bowed that he preferred the good of the pubiick to 
his own private views and inclinationSt defired to' adopt* 
not the perfon who was moft agreeable to himielf, bur 
fucb a one as was likely to be moft ferviceable to the 
Romam. Beiides it is very plain that he had no thoughts 
of declaring Olbo fole heir to his^^ paternal eftate, for 
be knew him to be diflblute and extravagant, and fo 
deeply in debt, that he owed no lefs than fifty mil* «> 
lions pf drachmas. Wherefore after having given Fi^ 
mus . a . favourable hearing, without returning any de- 
cifivc anfwer,- he referred the further confideration of 
the;, affair to another time. He nominated himfelf and 
Vimui Confuls for the year enfuing. It was generally 
believed, tbat he would appoint a fucceflbr in the begin- 
ning of the year ; and the ibldiers earneftly wifhed 
that Otho might be preferred to all others. 

But whilft Galba was deliberating upon the choice- 
he was to make, and put off the determination from* 
day to day, he received intelligence that the German 
fori:es> had mutinied. It is true that all the foidiers 

; through- 

Cht 0th9 mtmifo, fit fif^hHf «pW KvmV Mcnbns cceffratejfejua^ ' 

(1) Thfe 

220 ^e L I F E V 

througUout the Empire had atr averfion to Gdtha^ be^- 
cuitle they- had not received the donatives that had been 
promifed thean \ but the troops in Germany urged fur- 
ther in their juftification, that Verginius Rufus bad hem- 
tmwtd with difgrace\ that /i^ Gauls, who had fought 
^gaiftft them J were the only people who were rewarded \ that 
^ thofe who had not declared for Vindcx had been pu* 
i^^U\.,afd thatN'vci^tx only was the perfon to' whont 
Qalba feemed taprofefs any obligation^ continuing to honour 
his memory. wHb fuMral oblations ^ and other publick folem^ 
nitieSf as if he owed the empire to Vindex alone. 
.^ Whilft theie difcourfes were held with impunity 
throughout the camp, on the fipft day of the year, called^ 
l^y the Romans the calends of January^ Flaccus fummoned 
the army to appear according to coftom^ and tak^ the 
aQniverfary oath of fidelity to the Emperor ; but they, 
having firll thrown down and broken the ftatues of 
Galbay iniftead of taking the oath to the Emperor, 
fwore to be faithful to the fenate and people, dnd then 
retired. Their officers dreading anarchy as much as- 
rebellion, endeavoured to pacify them, and one of 
them delivered himfeif to them in the manner foUow- 
19% : What are we about ^ fellow foldiers ? we are not 
a^iniing another Emperor^ though we are refolved not 
}\ t^ r£iain him we. have at prefent ; as if our if^ention 
w^s^ not fo much to refcue out f elves from Galba, as to 
d^clinfi .all fub/eSionr ds for Hordeonius Flaccus, who 
is. -merely, a Jbadjow and image (/Galba, let us flight him 
Mfu(b. But Vitellius, commander of the lower Germany, 
^bcfe father W0S Cenfor^ and tJmce Cmfuly and in a man^ 
mr coUegue in the empire with Claudius Casfar, is hut 
cuf, d&f sjmarch diflant. The poverty of this many for which 
b^ is reproached by fome^ is however a ftrong proof of bis 
integrity and magnanimity. Let us^ my fellow- foldiers^ 
declare for bim^ and make it appear to the whole world 
that we know bow to cbufe an Emperor better than either 
the Spaniards or Jbuficanians. 

, Whilft this motion was approved by fome, and re- 
je&ed by others, an enfign privately left the camp, and 
ihat very night weot and carried an account of it to Vi-^^ 




G A L B A. .2zr. 

^fdUkSt who recdved ic while be was at table giving an 
entertainment to a great number of his officers* The^ 
news was foon fpread through the whole army ^ and 
Fabius Valens^ who commanded one of the legions, went 
the next day at the head of a conflderable body of horfey' 
and faluted Viteltius Emperor. He had fome days be-^ 
fore refufed to accept of theempire, as a burden toop^ 
weighty for him ; hut being now well filled with meat 
^d wine (having, begun to eat and drink at noon) h&H^ 
^came our, and accepted of the title of Gernianicus cot^ ( 
ferred upon him by the troops. At the fame time th^ 
foldiers undtr Flaccusy notwichftanding their profeiTibns 
cf obedience to the fenate, which favoured fo ftrongly 
of democracy, took the oath of allegiance to Vitilkus^ 
and obliged themfelves faithfully to obey his orders^ 
In this manner was Vitellius proclaimed Emperor in^ 

When Gtdba came to be informed of this revolt he 
no longer delayed to name a fucceffor ; and knowing 
that his friends were divided upon the point, that many 
,of them were for Dolabellay but more for 0/^6^, neither 
of whom he approved, all on a fudden, without com-^ 
municating his defign to any, he fent for Pifo^ the {oti ^ 
. €^ Crajjus and Scrihnia who were flaih by Nero, a youth 
formed by nature for every virtue, and diftinguifhcd 
by his temperance and icverity of manners. Him 
Galba took imqfiediately with him to the camp, named \ 
him Cafar^ and declared him his fucceflbr. But fome 
remarkable prodigies accompanied him in his paflage 
thither. And in the camp, juft as he was beginning a 
fpeech to the foldiers, part of which he was to read, 
and the reft to repeat by heart, the frequent claps of 
thunder and flafhes of lightning, the violent rain that 
fell, and the black clouds which covered both the 
camp and the city, were plain tokens that the heavens 
did not favour this adoption, and that it would prove ' 
unfortunate. . The foldiers alfo, a& appeared by their 
fuUen looks, were angry and difcontented becaufe no 
donation w^ made to them upon the occstfion. Thofe 
^rho wereprefent^ obferved with admiration P^*s coutt'i-^' 


&2i rbe LlJf E df 

and yoice« who feemed not ac all afloniitied^ and ytt 
nor infenfible of the grcacnefs of the favour* 

On the other hand, Otbo appeared very much morti- 
fied and enraged at his difappointment ; for his failing 
of that honour which was firft folicited for him, and 
which he was near obtaining feemed a proof of Galka^s 
hatred and diflike to him. This made him very ap- 
prehenfive of the confequence ; and he went away agi- 
tated by a variety of pallions, fear of PifOy hatred of 
Galba^ and indignation ugaLin&Finius. But iht Chalde-^ 
ans and foothfayers about him would not permit him 
to defpair, or quit his defign ; and he relied efpecially 
upon a predi&ion oi Ptolemy ^ who had frequently told 
him formerly, that JV>r^ fliould not murder him, but 
he himfelf fhouid die firfl:, and that Oibo ihould not 
only furvive him, but be in time advanced to the em** 
pire. Now the event having juftified the firft part of 
this predidlion, he thought he ought not to diftruft^the 
reft. But none exafperatcd him more than thofe who 
privately condoled with him for bein^ fo ungratefully 
treated by Galba ; and the adherents Ot Nympbidius and 
Tigellinusj who were now deprived of the honours they 
had enjoyed, and lived in difgrace, feemed moft of 
ail to refent the indignity put upon him, and urged 
him to revenge it. In the number of thefe were /^#/«* 
riuSj, and Barcius^ of whom the firft was Optio^ or cen- 
turion's deputy, and the other TeferariuSj that is, one of 
thofe inferior officers who receive the word from the 
Tribune taken down in writing, and carry it to the 
tents of the foldiers. Onomaftus^ one of Otbo^ fr^ed- 
men, joined himfelf to them, and all three of them 
corrupted as many as they could, fome by bribes, and 
fome by promifes of futunc rewards and advantage's. 
They found it no difficult point to gain, fo ripe were 
they ail in general for a revolt^ waiting only for a fair 
opportunity to declare themfclves. For if the army had 
not been very much difaiFeded, fuch a change could 


(0 This column was ered^d Vtarum^ and hid marked ap6n it 
by Auguftm at the enthinte into all the. high ways in the feveral 
|;he Forumt when he was Curaior parts of J/alj, with their didancei 



O A L B A. 223 

sot have been fo foon produced ; for there was no more 
than the fpace of four days between the adoption and. \ 
afTairination, Pifo and Galka being both murdered the 1 
fixth day after, which was the fifteenth of January^ ^ 
That day in the morning Galba oflfcred a facrificc in the 
palace, at which feveral of his friends affiftcd. Umbri* 
dus the diviner had no fooner taken the entrails of tho 
victim into his hands, but he declared that the tokens 
did not obfcurely and enigmaiically, but clearly and 
pofitively, denounce that treafon was afoot, and the 
Emperor thrtatened with fomc imminent danger. Thus 
Oibo narrowly efcaped being delivered up to Galiay as 
it were by the hand of the God, for he ftood clofe be- 
hind the Emperor, diligently liftening to Umbricius^ ob- 
fervations. He was very much difconcerted at the dif- 
covery, and frequently changed countenance; butG;^^- 
maftus juft then came and told him that the architects 
were at his houfe, and waited for him. This was the 
fignal for him to meet the foldiers. He retired there-. 
fpre, pretending to the Emperor that he had been pur- 
chafmg an old houfe, and was going to fhow the de- 
fers of it to fome builders ; and pafling by that which 
was called the palace ofTiberiuSy he proceeded to the 
Forumy near the gilded column where all the feveral 
highways in JJaly terminate ( i )• There the firft party 
of the guards to whom he prefented himfelf, received y 
him, and proclaimed him Emperor. It is faid that \ 
they were not above three and twenty in all ; and though 
he was not fo timorous and effeminate as might reafon- 
ably be cxpefted from the delicacy of his conftitutioti 
and his diuolute manner of life, but on the contrary 
refolute and determined in all hazardous adventures, 
yet he was fo difcouraged at the fmallnefs of their num- 
ber, that he defired to recede, and drop his pretenfions. 
This the foldiers would not fuffer, but with their drawn 
fwords (2) furrounded the chair, and commanded the 
bearers to march on ; at the fame time he preiTed them 


diftiogQiihed by iftlei. - Mttupropen wmUibri Sella im cfiftra 

{z^ Sueiofiius fays he ]>id him- contendit. He calls it a Avomaa^s 
£df m a wo«iaa*s fecUm. Tufic ab* fedan, becaufe it was clofe. 

(3) PatrB^ 

224 The hlV E of 

to make all the hafte they could^ crying out every toxfi' 
ment I am a loft man. This was overheard by tnany^' 
who fcemed rather to wonder than to be concerned when • 
they faw how. few they were who had engaged in fo dcf- 
p^ratean undertaking. 

As they carried him acrofs the Forum^ much fuch 
another party canoe up, and joined him. Thefe were 
followed by others, who came in, three and four at a 
time; and at lafl: drawing their fwords, and faluting 
him Cafar^ they conduced him to the camp. Julius 
Martialis, who happened that day to be upon guards 
and was not, as it is reported, let into the fecret, fur- 
prized and terrified at an event fo unexpefted, fuflfcred 
him to enter. When he was got into the camp he met 
with no refiftance ; for they who were ftrangers to the 
defign being purpofely encompaffed by thofe who were- 
the contrivers of it, and mingled by one and two toge- 
ther among them, followed the reft at firft out of fear, 
and at laft out of choice and by perfuafion. 

This news was foon carried to Galia in the palace, 
and he. received it v/hWOiUmiricms was ftill ftanding by 
him, and holding the entrails in his hand *, fo that even 
ihey, who were the moft incredulous in matters of this 
nature, and defpifed the arc of divination, were ftruck. 
witlvaftonilhment at fo clear and fignal a prefage. Im^ 
mediately upon this report the people ran in great con- 
fufion from tht Forum to the palace, v/htre ViniuSi Laco^ 
and fome of Galba'% freedmen ftood with their fwords 
drawn near his perfon, in readinefs to proteft him» 
P(/2? haftened to the lifeguard ; znd Marius Celjus^ a per- 
fon of great worth and bravery, was fent to fecure the 
Illyrian cohort, which was ftarioned in the Fipfanian^ 

Gallia was defirous to go out of the palace aiid (how. 
himfclf to the people ; . but this was oppofed by Finius ; 
and Celfus and Laco on the other hand encouraged bim 
to go, and bitterly inveighed againft Viruus. In the 
mean time it was rumoured that Oibo was flain in the 
camp; and foon zhtv Julius Atticus a maft of no mean 
Fank among the guards, came running in, and pro- 

G A LB A. 225 

daimed aloud that be was the man who bad killed Cse^^t's 
enemy^ and prefling through the croud prefentcd hitnfelf 
with his bloody fword to the Emperor. Galia looking 
earneftly upon him, aflced him wbo commanded him to do 
it ? He replied, My fidelity^ and the oath I have taken. 
Whereupon all the people cried out // was bravely done^ 
and clapped their hands in token of approbation* 

Soon after this Galba went forth in his chair^ to. offer 
a facrifice to Jupiter^ and fliow himfelf to the people ; 
but he was fcarce got into the Forum before the wind> 
as it were, changed, and on a fudden it was reported 
that Otho was become mailer of the camp and the 
army. Upon this, as it always happens in a confufed 
multitude, fome were for having Galba return, and 
others infifted that he (hould proceed; fome encouraged 
him to be bold, and to fear nothing, whilil others ad^ 
vifed him to be circumfpedt and wary. In this conteft^ 
as in a ftorm, his chair was born fomctimes one way, 
and ibmetimes another, always in danger of being over- 
turned ; when on a fudden there appeared firfi; aparty of 
horfe, and then another of foot, iffuing from the hall of 
PauluSi and crying out with one voice jiway with this t 
private man. On every fide were to be feen people run- . 
ning, not difperied through fear, but endeavouring to 
poflefs themfelves of the porticos, and other eminent 
places about thtForum^ as if fome fliows were to be ex* 
hibitcd. Attilius Vergilio having given the fignal by 
throwing down the ilacues of Galba^ they immedi* 
ately fell to open hoftiliiies, and a great number of 
darts were thrown at Galbd's chair ; but when they 
found that none of them had wounded him, they fell 
on him with their fwords, whilil none appeared to de-^ 
fend him except one man y for among fo many myriads 
the fun that day beheld one only whofe bravery declared 
him a. perfon truly worthy of the Roman empire^ He 
was a centurion named Sempronius IndiftruSy who, with- " 
out having received any particular favour from Galba^ 
but only from a principle of honour, and in obedience 
to the law, placed himfelf before the chair, and holding 
up the vine branch with which the centurions corre<5l 

YoL. VI. P the 

226 ^e X IF EoJ 

the foldicrs when they deferve to be punifhed, crVe3> 
out, and commanded thofe who Were attacking Galba 
to fpare the Emperor -, and when he found himfelf 
affaultcd by them,, he drew his fword, and defended 
himfelf a confidcrable time, till he received a wound in 
the ham, upon which he fell to the ground. When 
they had overturned G^/J^'s chair n^zxthtCurtian lake,, 
they fell at onceupon him, and wounded him in many 
pliaces as he was rolling upon the ground. At the fame^ 
retime he prefented his throat to them,and faid, Strike^ if it 
J^^befor the good of the publick. He received many wounds 
in his arms and legs. It is generally faid thzt Camurius^ 
a foldier in the fifteenth legion, was the perfon who 
ftabbed him in the throat •, but fome afcribe it to Teren* 
tius^ fome to Arcadius^ and others to Fabius Fabulus.- 
They alfo fay that when Fabius had cut off his head he 
was forced to wrap it up in the fkirt of his garment, • 
7 becaufe it was fo bald that he could take no hold of it ; 
^ but his aflbciates not fuffering him to conceal fo brave, 
an aftion, he fixiog upon the point of his fpcar, and 
fwinging about in fport , the head of a venerable old 
man, a mild Prince, a Chief- prieft, andConful, ran on 
like a funous Bacchanal brandiftiing-his weapon ftained 
with the blood which trickled from it. 

When the bead was prefented to Otho he cried out, 
Y This is nothing y my fellow-foldiers^ unlefs youfhow me that 
^ of Pifo too. This was brought to him foon after; for 
that Prince having received a wound, fled, and Was 
purfued by StaUus Murcus^ who flew him near the tem- 
ple of /^^^i. At the fame time they killed Vinius, who 
proteflred that he was in the confpiracy, and cried out 
that if they murdered him it was contrary to Otho^s or-- 
der. However they cut oS^ his head, and Laco's alfo, 
and prefenting them to Othoy required of him to be re- 
warded for their fervice. And, as Archilochus fays. 

See on the plain fev*n flaughtefd warriors bleedy 
/"-See thoufands claim the glory of the deed. 


(3) Patrobiut had been put to no wonder that his fervant* 
4eadi by Galifat p. 285. and it is jQiould thus fhow their refentment. 



O A L B A* 227 

Thus tnany, who had not the leaft (hare in this murder* 
Ihowcd their bloody hands and fwords to Otboy and peti- 
tioned for a reward. Vitellius found afterwards ^ hun- 
dred and twenty of thefe petitions; and caufing a dili* a 
gent fearch to be made after the authors, he put jhcm 
all to death. Marius Celfus coming into the camp, was 
loudly accufed of having encouraged the foldiers to 
zBi^Galba, and the multitude cried out that he fliould 
be put to death. But Olbo being defirous to fave him, 
and yet not daring to refufe them in plain terms, pre- 
tended it was not for his intereft to kill him fo foon, 
becaufe he wanted firll to get fome informadon from 
him. He therefore commanded him to be put in ironsi 
and committed him to the cuftody of fome in whom he 
had an entire confidence. 

Immediately after this the fenate was convened, and 
as if they were not now the fame men, or had other 
Gods to fwear by, they took the fame oath to Ofho^ as 
Oiho himfelf had not long before taken to Galba^ and 
had juft then violated; and they conferred on hifn the 
title of Coffar and AuguJiuSj even whilft the headlefs car- 
cafles of the flain lay yet in their Confular robes in the 
Forum. As for the heads, when they could make no 
other ufe of them, they fold that oiVinius to his daugh- 
ter for two thoufand five hundred drachmas* Ptfo^t 
was begged by his wife Verania. Galba^^ was given to 
the fervahts oi Patrobius znd Vifellm (2)9 who, after ^ 
they had ufed it with theutmoft indignity, flung it'into ^ 
the place called Seftertiumy where they throw the bodies ^ 
of thofe who are flain by order of the emperors. Gat^ 
ba\ corpfe was conveyed away by Prifcus Hehidius^ with 
the permifllon of 0/i?(7, and buried in the night by- his 
freedman -^r^/ai. 

Such is the hiftocy ofGalba^ a man who was inferior 
to few of his contemporaries either in wealth or nobi- 
lity, and in both together furpafled them all ; who had 
lived under the reign of five emperors with great ho- 
nour and reputation ; and who overpowered Nero by 


Bat it is not fo eafy to account fervants. There is probably a 
for ''this beluviour in Fife/IIus^B miftake in the name. 

P a (t)Thi 

228 7^^ L I F E g/* G A L B A. 

the authority of his chara&er rather than by the force 
of arms. Of all thofe who confpired againft that ty- 
rant, fomc were not eftcemcd by any worthy to fuccced 
him, and others did not even think themfelves worthy^ 
But Galba was invited, and called upon to accept of the 
empire, and only yielded obedience to thofe who pro- 
claimed him ; and as foon as he liad lent his name to 
authorize the revolt of Vindex^ what before was called 
rebellion, was confidered only as a civil war when fuch a 
man as Galba^ who was fit to govern, was at the head of 
it. Wherefore it could not be faid of him that he feized 
the empire to himfelf, but refigned himfelf up to the 
empire, and in that view vainly hoped to govern thofe 
Ramans who had been corrupted by the flattery and in* 
dulgence of Tigellinus and NyntphidiuSj as Scipio^ Fabri- 
dus^ and Camillus did the armies in their days. And 
though he was enfeebled by age, he neverthelefs (howed 
himfelf an Emperor truly worthy of ancient Rome in 
every thing relating to armies, and military operations^ 
But by giving himfelf up to Fimus^ LacOy and his freed- 
men, who made fale of every thing, as Nero before 
him had fiifFered himfelf to be governed by other infa- 
'/ tiable wretches, be loft himfelf to that degree, that 
I though many pitied his fate, no one defired to live ua-* 
der bis government. 

or HO. 

[ "9 1 

O t H O. 

THIS new Emperor went early in the morning 
to the capitoJ, and facriHced; and having 
commanded Mariui Celfus to be broaght, he 
falutedhim, fpoke to him with great kindnefs, and de- 
fired him, rather to forget bis fault than remember his re- 
leafe ; to which Celfus anfwered, neither jneanly nor un- 
gratefully, that bis very crime ought to recommend his in- . 
tegrity, Jince be was accufed of having been true /(jGa!ba,-A 
from whom be had never received at^ perfonal obligations. 
Upon which they were both of them admired by all 
who wereprefent, and applauded by the foldiers. 

In the lenate Otho made a very mild and popular 

harangue. The time which Itill remained of his Con- 

fullhip he Ihared with Verginiui Rufus, and difplaced 

Qooe who bad been nominated to that dignity by Nera 

P 3 or 

230 7J&^ L I F E 5f 

or Galh. Thofe who x^ere refpeftable for their age 
and charader, he promoted to the priefthood ; and he 
reftored to all thofe fenators who had been baniflied by 
iVl?r<?, and recalled by Galba^ whatever part of their 
eftates remained unfold. So that the nobility and chief 
of the people, who were at firft apprehenfive that no 
human creature, but fome mifchievous and deftruftive 
Daemon, had feized the empire, now entertained the 
moil pleafmg hopes of an adminiilration that had fo 
promifinga beginning. 

But nothing more gratified the people in general, or 
more contributed to gain their favour, than his beha- 
viour to Tigellinus. Though he was already punifhed 
in fecret by the apprehenfion of that punifhment which 
the whole city required as a juft debt, and by the in- 
curable diftempers with which he was afflided -, and 
though all wife men efteemed that exorbitant luft which 
ftill enflaved him, and made him, though almoft at 
the point of death, hanker after his former abominable 
gratifications, to be the molt dreadful of all punifti- 
ments, and worfe than many deaths ; yet the common 
people could not bear to think that he fliould even en- 
joy the light of the fun, by whofe means fo maoy others 
had been deprived of it. He was then at his eftate near 
SinueJJay which was his place of refidence •, and Oibo or- 
dered him to i>e fent for, juft as he was contriving his 
cfcape by means of fome veflels that lay ready on the 
coaft. A t firft he endeavoured to corrupt the mefTenger 
to favour his defign; but when he found that was to 
BO purpofe, he made him as confiderable a prefent as 
if be had really connived at it -, and only entreating him 
\ to ftay till he had fliaved, he took that opportunity, 
and cut his throat with his razor. • 

Cafar having by this juftly endeared himfelf to the 
people, feemcd to retain no remembrance of his own 
private injuries. And that he might be more popular, 
he refufed not to be called Nero in the theatre 5 and when 


(i) The writer of whom not called Claudius RufuSf but 
fhtarch fpeaks in this place, wa$ Ciwvius Rufus^ -who was fabfti- 


O' T H O. 431 

feme perfons cxpofed ihaf Emperor's ftacues to publick 
view, he did not difcourage it. ( I ) Qaudius Rufus fays 
that he difpatched letters into Spain^ with the name of 
iVl?r(? affixed to that ofO/A^; but as foon as he per- 
ceived this gave offence to the nobility, it was omitted. 
After he had fettled the government in this manner, 
the praetorian foldiers gave him a great deal of uneafi- 
ncfs by endeavouring* to make him fufpeA and difcoun- 
tenance the nobility 5 which they did either from afFec- him and concern for his fafety, or elfeuHng this 
only as a pretence that they might bring the ftate into 
confufion. Once when the Emperor himfelf had fent 
orders to Crifpinus to march the feventeenth cohort from 
Oftia where it then lay in garrifon, Crijpinus began as 
foon as it grew dark to pack up the arms in waggons. 
Upon this feme of the moft turbulent cried out that 
Crifpinus had fome bad intention, that the lenate de- 
fignedto change the government, and that thofe arms 
were to be employed againft the Emperor, and not for 
him. When this report began to fpread, many of the 
guar4is mutinied ; fome feized the^ waggons, and others 
flew Crifpinus arfd two centurions that oppofed them \ 
and arming themfelves and encouraging one another, 
they all marched to Rome, As foon as they heard that 
eighty of the fen^tors were at fupper with Otboy they 
flew to the palace, faying that now they had an op* "^ 
portunity to deftroy all Cefar^s enemies at once. The 
city was greatly alarmed with the apprehenfion of being 
immediately facked and ruined. All were in confuflbn 
' about the palace, and the Emperor himfelf was in no 
fmall confternacion ; he was concerned for the fenators 
(fome of whom had brought their wives to fupper thi- 
ther) and they were afraid of bim, and fixed their eyes 
on him in filence and anxiety. He therefore ordered 
fome of the fuperior officers to fpeak to .the foldiers and 
compofe the tumult ; and at the fame time he difmifled 
his gucfts by another door. They were no fooncr 


tuted Conful in the year of ^««rf wrote the hiflory of his owa 
fix handred ninety-feven. He times. 

P 4 (a) Tacitui 

23a T-be LIFE of 

gone, but the foldiers ruihed into the room, and tn^ 
quired what was become of the Emperor*s enemies. 
Then Olho rifing from his couch, and making ufe both 
of arguments and entreaties, and even of tears at laft, 
"Vvith great difficulty perfuaded them to defift. 

The next day he went to the camp, and diftributed 
a bounty of twelve hundred and fifty Denarii to each of 
. jhem. Then he comniended them for the regard they 
had to his fafety, but told them, that Tome of them 
were difaffeded towards him, and had not only abufed 
his clemency, bu.t had alfo mifreprefented their loyal 
intentions and fidelity, and therefore hedefired their aiTift- 
ance in doing juftice upon thefe offenders. To this they all 
confented, and his refentment was fatisfied with the exe- 
cution of two only, who he knew would be unlamented 
by the whole army. Thofe who were inclined to think 
favourably of him, and to approve his aflions, admired 
his behaviour ; others thought that he only out of po* 
licy accommodated himfelf to the circumftances of tl^ 
time, and endeavoured to ingratiate himfelf with the 
foldiers on account of the war that was impending. 
For now it was certainly known ihsLtFiSellius had affumed 
the fovereign authority 5 and frequent exprefies brought 
an account of parties going over to him 5 it was faid 
however that the armies in Pannonia^ Dalmatian and 
Mjifia^ with their officers, adhered to Oihv. 

About this time letters were fent from Mutianus and 

Vefpajian^ both of them generals of formidable armies, 

the one inSyria^ the other mjudaa^ to affure him of 

their friendfliip. He was fo much encouraged by thefc 

. letters that he advifed Vitellius by letter, not to aim at 

. any thing beyond his rank, and offered him a large 

fum of money and a city, where he might pafs his life 

in eafe and fecurity. Vitellius at firft anfwered him with 

a civil kind of raillery ; but afterwards being both 

thoroughly provoked, their letters were filled with the 

pioft outrageous infult and abufc. Neither of them in- 

Y deed accufed the other falfely ; but it was very abfurd 

f" and ridiculous to upbraid each other with the follies pf 

^ which they were both equally guilty. For it was hard 

4 to 

O T H O. 23} 

to determine which of theiti had been moft profufe, • 
debauched, and effeminate, which of them was moft ' 
ignorant in military affairs, and which of them was 
pooreft and moft in debt* 

As to the prodigies and apparitions that were faid to 
happen about this time, many of the accounts were 
uncertain, and coiild not be traced to their firft au- 
thors •, but it was univerfally known that the ftatue of 
ViSory in the capitoi let the reins of her chariot fall out 
of her hands, as if (he were grown too weak to hold 
them any longer; and that Julius Cafar'% ftatue, in the 
ifland of the Tiber^ turned from Weft to Eaft, though 
there was no earthquake nor any wind to occaflon it* 
And the fame thing is likewife reported to have hap« 
pened about the time when Vefpqfian publickly aiTumed 
the government. The inundation of the Tiber was alfo 
eftbemed by the common people a very unfavourable 
omen ; for though it happened at the time when rivers ^^ 
ufually overflow, the Tiber had never fwelled fo fai<i 
above its banks, nor caufed fo much damage before ^ 
and a great part of the city being under water, and 
efpecially the corn-market, it occaTioned a dearth for 
feveral days. 

At this time news was brought that Cecina and Va-- 
lensy two officers under Vitellius^ had poffefled them- 
felves of the Alps. Dolabella a patrician was fuf- 
pe6ted by the guards of difaffeAion ; and the Em- 
peror fearing either hi'm or fome other, fent him 
to Aquinum^ with affurances of his friendly intentions. 
He then chofe feme of the magiftrates to go with him 
to the war, and amongft the reft, Lucius^ the brother 
of VitelUuSy without diftinguifliing him by any new 
marks either of his favour or difpleafure. He alio 
ihou^ed fuch a tender regard to the mother and wife 
of Fifellius, that he freed them from all apprehcn- , 
lions of any injury from him. He made Flavius Sa^ 
hinuSj Vefpaftarf% brother, governor of Rome^ either in 
honour to the memory oi NerOy (for he had advanced 
\i\m formerly to that command, and Galba had de- 

234 ^be "L IF E of 

prived him of it) or clfe to fhow his affeftioii for 
Vefpajiarty by his favour to his brother. 

When he came to Brixillum^ a town in Italy near the 
river P^, he halted himfelf, but ordered the army to 
march forward under the condudl of Marius Celfus, 
Suetonius Paulinus, Gallus and Spurina, all men of expe- 
rience and reputation, but unable to inforce their or- 
ders by reafbn of the ungovernable obftinacy of the 
army, which was refolved to be* commanded by none 
but the emperor himfelf. Nor was the enemy under 
better difcipline, being ftubborn and difobedient upon 
the fame account, though they were more experienced 
and patient of labour. For Otbo*s men were totally 
diflblved in floth, and unufed to war, minding nothing 
but publick fpedtaclcs and the entertainments of the 
theatre, and fo extremely infolent and arrogant, that 
they would often refufe to obey orders, not pretend- 
ing that they were unable to do what was commanded, 
but affcfting to think themfelves above it ; fo that Spu- 
rina had like to have been killed for attempting to 
force them to their duty, for they reviled him in the 
tnoft abufive manner, and accufed him of a defign to 
betray C^far^s intereft -, nay, fome of them who were 
drunk came by night into his tent, and telling him that 
they muft go to the Emperor to complain of him, de- 
manded money to defray the cxpence of their journey* 

However the contemptuous treatment the garrifon 
met with at Placenta^ was very ferviceable to Spurina 
in the prefent pofture of affairs ; for Vitellius's men 
marched up to the walls, and upbraided 0//&^*s foldiers 
as they flood upon the ramparts, calling them play- 
ers, dancers, idle fpcftators of Pythian and 0/ympick 
Xg'imes J but ignorant and unpraftifed in the art of 
war; mean wretches, that triumphed in the beheading 
of Galba an unarmed old man, but were afraid to look 
their enemies in the face, Thele reproaches > fo in- 
flamed them, that they fell at Spurina^s feet, and en- 
treated him to employ them, afTuring him that they 
would decline no coil or danger. Whereupon, when 
Fitellius's forces made a vigorous attack upoa the town, 



O T H O; 23^ 

the befiegcd repulfed them with great flaughter, and 
by that means kept pofieffion of one of the moil flou* 
rifhing cities in liaJy. 

Othoh officers were much more inofFenfive, both to 
cities and private perfons, than thok of f^itellius ^ among 
whom was Cedna^ a man difagreeable in his fpeech and 
addrefs; of a gigantick ftature, and very uncouth and 
lingular in his habit, being always drefled in a coat \ 
with long fleeves and in breeches, after the manner oi / \ 
the Gaulsy even whilft he converfed with the Roman of- ■ 
ficers. His wife too magnificently dreffed, and fol- 
lowed by a numerous train of attendants on horfeback^ 
accompanied the army. On the other hand, Fabius Va^ 
Uns^ the other General, was fo covetous, that neither 
the fpoil of his enemies, nor the contributions of his 
friends and allies could fatisfy him. That he might 
have time to raife money, he marched fo flowly, that 
he could not be prefent at .the firft engagement. It is 
true Cecina is blamed by fomc for engaging before Fa- - 
hius could join him, that he might have no partner in 
the glory of the vidory -, for befides other lefs material 
objedions that are made to this condud, it is faid 
that by his unfeafonable attack he had almoU ruined 
the affairs of his own party* 

When he found himfelf repulfed ^xFlacentia^ he be- 
fiegcd Cremona^ a large and rich city. In the mean 
time Anmus Gallus marched to join Spurina at Placentia ; 
but having intelligence that the fiege was raiied, and 
that Cremona was invefted, he haftened to its relief, 
and encamped juft by the enemy, where he was daily 
reinforced. Cecina had potted a ftrong party of foot in 
fome woody places, commanding the horfe to advance, 
and if the enemy Ihould charge them, then to make a 
flow retreat, and fo draw them into an ambufli ; but 
the ftratagem beipg difcovered to Celfus by fome de- 
ferters, he advanced with his cavalry againft Cecina*^ 
troops, and when they retreated he purfued them fo 
cautioufly, that he furrounded and difperfed thofe who 
lay in ambufcade ; and if the legions which he ordered 
to advance from the camp had come up foori enough 


«3« Hlf hlF'B of 

to fuftain the horfe, Cecrna^s whole army, in all appear- 
ance, had been totally routed ; (2) but PauUnus mov- 
ing too flowly, was accufed of more caution than was 
neceflary, or worthy of his gharafter. So that the fol- 
diers incenfed O/i&t? againft him, accufed him of treach- 
ery, and pretended that the victory was in their power, 
and chat if it was not compleat, it was owing to the 
mifma^agecnent y>i their General. Now Otbo did noc 
{o much believe thefe accufacions, as endeavour to ap* 
pear not to difbelieve them. He therefore fent his 
brother TitianuSr with Proculus the captain of his guards^ 
€0 the army, where the latter was General in reality, 
and the former but in appearance. Celfus and Paulinus 
2iad the title of friends and couofellors, but not the 
Jeaft authority in things of any moment. At the fame 
time there were great tumults amongfl: theenemy, efpe- 
cially where Vialem commanded ; for his foldiers being 
informed of what happened at the ambufcade, were 
enraged becaufe.ihey were not permitted to be prefent 
to fave the livesi of fo many br^ivft men who died ia 
that adUon*. Valens upon; this occafion was i|i great ' 
danger, foi* they b^gan to aflaulc him with Hones ; but 
iiaving at laft vfith great difficulty pacified them, he 
quitted the can^, and joined Cecina. 

About this tf/soifiOibo came to the camp at BeMa- 
f €um a fmall <ity near Cremona^: and . called a council of 
war, where Proculus and Titianus declared for giving 
battle, both becaufe the foldiers were flufhed with their 
late fuccefs, , and their courage would be damped if 
they remained inadive, andalfo becaufe VUeUius was 
foon expeded out of Gatd, Biit Paulinus was of opi- 
nion that the enemy's whole force was prefent, and that 
there was no body of referve behind \ but that Otho^ 


(2) Tacitus tells as &zt Pau" 
Jinus was naturally flow and ir« 
refolute, that he chofe rather to 
owe his {afety to his condud, than 
the vidlory to hazard, and charges 
him Nvith two material overiights on 
this occ&fion i the firft Was, that 
infiead of Toanding the charge^ and 

fupporting his cavalry by falHng 
briskly upon Ceciua, be (pent his 
time in filling up the trenches* 
and level liDg the ground 9 that 
he might enlarge his battalions^ 
chinking it too early to begin to 
conquer till he had provided ai- 
gainft being conquered. This 



O T H O. ^37 

if he would confult his own opportunity rather than 
that of the enemy, might cxpedt a reinforcement out 
of Mjfia and Pannenia^ not inferior to thofe troopis that 
were then prefent. He thought it probable too, that 
the foldicrs who had lb much courage before they yittc 
joined, would be ftill more rcfolute when the forces 
were all come up up. Befides, the deferring a battte 
could not be inconvenient to them, who were fuffict* 
entiy provided with all neceffaries: but the others be- 
ing in an enemy*s country, muft needs be exceedingly 
ftraitcned in a little time. Marius Celfus was of Pmli* 
nus^s opinion, jfynius Gailus being abient, and under 
the fgrgeon's hands on account of a fall from his horfe, 
was confulted by letter, he advifed Otbo to ftay for 
thofe legions that were marching from Myfia 5 but af- 
ter all, the opinion of thofe who declaned for a battle, 

There arc feveral reafons given for this dctermioa- 
tion, but the moft apparent is this ; that the Emper- 
or's guards not reliihing the ftriA military difcipline' 
which they had never been accuftomed to before, and 
longing for the diverfions and luxury ofRome^ wouJd ^ 
not be reftrained, but were eager for a battle, imagin- 
ing that upon the firil onfet they ibould carry ail be- 
fore them. It feems too that Osho himfelf could not 
bear the pain of uncertainty, having been bred up ef- 
feminately, and not u fed to the thoughts of danger^ 
and therefore being fo uneafy at the apprehenfion of it, 
he as it were, fhut his eyes, and, like one going to leap 
from a precipice, committed himfelf to fortune* 

This is the account given by Secundus the orator, # 
Osbo's fecretary. But others fay it was propofed that 
ihc armies on both fides fhould meet, and if they could 


gave the e«emy time to retire ing with great courage and ibra* 

into fome vineyards, from whence very. The iecond was, his oot 

they renewed the charge, and making a right ufe of the difor- 

killed the foremoft of the prae- der the ^nemy were in, and 

Corian bands-, among whom was caufing a retreat to be ibunded 

king Epiphanes, who received a very unfeafonably. 
fiiortal wound as he was £ght* 

' (3) When 

238 The LIFE of 

unanimous, fhould proceed to choofe the bed of thofe 
who had already been proclaimed Emperors, but 
if notj that they Ihould convene the fenate, and inveft 
them folely with the power of eleftiori. And as nei- 
ther of thofe .who had aflumed the title of Emperor, 
was highly efteemed, it is probable that the belt and 
wifeft among the foldiers might refled, that it would 
be a Ihamcful and unreafonable thing for the Romans 
to bring upon each other all that mifery and diftrefs 
which they had fornierly fufFered for the fake of Sylla 
and Marius, and afterwards of Pompey and Cafar^ merely 
to indulge Vitellius in hi$ gluttony ond drunkennefs, 

7 or Otho in his luxury and lewdnefs. It is thought 
that C(?^«5, upon fuch refleftions, protrafted the time 
in order to an accommodation ; and that Otho pufbed 
oa things to an extremity to prevent it. (3*) He in- 

■ deed returned to Brixillum^ but very indifcreetly, both, 
becaufe his foldiers would fight with lefs refolution 
when not animated by his prefence, and becaufe he' 
weakened the army, by detaching fome of his bed 
troops for his horfe and foot guards. 

About this time there happened a fl^irmifh on the 
Po. As Cecina was laying a bridge over it, the Em- 
peror's forces fell upon him, in order to hinder him 
from proceeding in the work. But finding their efforts 
inefietlual, they threw torches covered with pitch and 
fulphur, into fome boats, which, by the help of the 
■wind and the current were carried into the midft of the 
cneqny. Firft there arofe a fmoke, and then a violent 
flame broke out; upon which Cecina^s men leaped into 
the rrvcr, overfet their boats, and thus were quite ex- 
. pofed to their enemies, who laughed to fee their con- 
fufion and diftrefs. In the mean time the Germans 
charged Otbo^s gladiators upon a fmall ifland in the 
river, routed them, and killed a great number of them. 
Whereupon the Emperor's forces at Bebriacum being 
greatly enraged, and eager to attack the enemy, 


(3) Whett a battle was refolv- fcnt in the action, or retire. Pau-* 
ed upon, it was debated in coun« linus and Marhis Celfus dorfl not 
cil if the Emperor fliQuld be pre- oppofe his departure for fear it 


O T R O. 23^ 

marched out undtrProculuSj to a place fifty furlongs off, 
where theyencanfipcd ; but the place was fo.injudiciouQy 
andabfurdly chofcn, that the foldiers fuffered extremely 
for want of water, though it was in the fpring time, and 
the country was full of running ftreams. The next 
day there was a defign of marching againft the enemy, 
who were about a hundred furlongs diltant ; but this 
was oppofed by PaulinuSy who thought it more advif- 
able to keep their poft, than after they had been fatigued, 
with their march immediately to engage thofe who had 
leifure to draw up in order, whilft they themfelves 
were encumbered with their train and baggage. 

While the generals were arguing upon this fubjeft, a 
Numidian courier came from Otbo^ with orders immedi- 
ately to give battle; upon which they marched without 
delay. As foon as dcina had notice of this, he was ter- 
rified, and quitting his poft on the river, and leaving, 
his bridge unfinifhed, haftened to the camp. In the 
mean time Valens ordered his men to their arms, and 
gave the fignal to engage, potting his beft cavalry in the 
front till, they were all drawn up. At firft Oth6*s fore- 
moft troops were of opinion, upon a groundlefs ru- 
mour, that the officers on the other fide would come 
over to them; and accordingly upon their firft ap- 
proach, they faluted them by the familiar title of fel- 
low-foldiers ; but the others returned the falutatioa 
with angry and difdainful words, which not only dif- 
heartened them, but alfo gave occafion to the reft to 
fufpeft their fidelity. This caufed a confufion at the 
very firft onfet ; immediately all order was at an end; 
and the encumbrance of the baggage, as well as the na- 
ture of the ground, very much contributed towards it. 
7"he ditches and inequalities were fo many, that they 
Were forced to break their ranks, and fight in fmall. 
parties. There were but two legions, one of Filellius^s^ 
called TJhe Ravenous^ and another of Oibo*s called The ' 
jiffijiant^ which having gained an open plain, continued' 


(hould be thoaght they had a illume which was the caufe of 
mind to expoie his perfon. his ruin, as Plutarch obferves. 
Whereupon he retired to Brix* 

• (4) TaciUs 


.240 The Xj IF ^ of 

to fight a regular battle. The latter confifted of brave 
and robuft men, but they had never been in an engage- 
ment before ; the foldiers of the former, had great ex- 
perience, but they were old and paft rfieir vigour. 
Oibo^s legion charged briflcly, broke the firft rank, with 
great flaughter, and took the eagle ; and the other, ful( 
of rage and fliame, returned the charge, flew Orpbidius^ 
the commander of the legion, and took feveral ftandards. 
Varus Alphenus^ with his Bataviy who are, the natives of 
i an ifland formed by the Rbine^ and are efteemed the 
/) beft of the German horfe, fell upon the gladiators, who 
had a great reputation for their valour and manner of 
fighting hand to hand. Some of the latter flood their 
ground, but the greateft part of them fled towards the 
river, and falling in with the cohorts, were all cut to 
pieces. But none of them behaved fo ill as the praeto- 
rian bands -, who, without ever facing the enemy, ran 
awayi broke through thcfe of their own army that yet 
flood their ground, and put them into diforder. Not- 
withft:anding this, many of Olho^s men bore down all 
before them, and forced their way to the camp through 
the very midfl: of their conquerors. 

But ncithcT Proculus nor Pautinus durfl: take the fame 
way, being afraid of the foldiers, who already charged 
the mifcarriage upon their commanders. Annius Gallius 
received into the city all the fcattered parties, and en- 
couraged them with an aflurance that the defeat was not 
total, but that on the contrary, the vidtory, was in 
fome mcafure, on their fide. Marius Celfus aflembling 
the principalofficers, ^told them, ^hat regard Jhould be 
bad to tbe publick Jafety ; that i/Otho was a good man^ he 
would not after fuch an expence of Roman bloody attempt 
any thing further^ Jince Cato and Scipio (though tbe liberty 
ef Rome was at ftake) were accufed of being too prodigal of 
fo many brave mens lives as were loji in Africa, injlead of 
fubmitting to Q^idx after tbe battle ^/Pharfalia. For 
though^ faid he, all perfons are equally fubjeU to -the ca- 
price of fortune ; yet all good men have one advantage which 
Jbe cannot deprive them of^ tbe power of aSling reafonably 
under misfortunes. The officers being perfuaded by this 


6 t k o. 241 

^rfcourfe, founded the private foWicrSj and found 
them defirous of peace; therefore 9V/Mifl^ urged that 
commiffioners fhould be named in order to a treaty; 
and accordingly it was agreed that Celfus znd Galius 
Ihould go and confer with Fakm and Cecina. As they 
were upon the road, they met fome centurions, who 
told them the army of the enemy was marching for 5^* 
hriacum^ and that they themfelves were deputed by their 
generals to carry propofals for an accommodation. 
Celfus commended them, and prevailed upon them ta 
return with him to Ceiina. Upon his approach he was 
in fome dangpr from the horfe that had fuffered at the 
ambufcade, and who were now advancing before the reft 
of the army : for as foon as they faw him they fliouted, 
and were coming down upon him ; but the centurions 
interpofed, and the other officers commanded them t6 
defift. In the mean time Cecina came up and foon 
quelled the tumult; and after a compliment to Celfus, , 
be went with him to Bebriacum. 

^itianus now repented of having fent this deputation^,' 
and therefore pofted the moft refolute of his men upon 
the walls, and ordered the reft to ftand by them. But 
when Cicirta rode up, and offered his hand, there was no 
further oppofition made ; his men were fahited from 
the wall, the gates were opened, both parties united, and 
inftead of afts of hoftility, there was nothmg but mu* 
tual congratulations ; and every one took the oaths, 
and fubmitted to Vitellius. -^ 

This is the account which moft" of thofe that were 
prefent at the battle give of it; yet they own that the 

treat confufion of the engagement hindered them from 1 . 
nowing diftin61:ly every particular. 
As I was going long after over the field of battle,- 
Mejlritts Florus^ a perfon of Confular dignity, ihowed 
me an old man who in his youth had, with many others 
of the fame age with himfelf, been forced againft his 
inclination to bear arms under Ofbo. He likewife told 
me, that as he went that way after the battle, he ob- 
ferved a vaft heap of bodies piled up, but could not 
guefs at the meaning of it himfelf, nor hear any other 
Vol. VI. Q^ if^y^ 

242 rTbe 1 I F*E of-' 

^iVc a -tolerable account of^ it: " fhdecd iria^if^W*?^ 

lieccflarily happen* that great numbers arc Killed, 5)6- 

iaule ho pVifobcrs are taken ^ jfor Ibch captiVfesare 'of 

1x6 advantage to the cpnquerors. But why;* the ;carcfdLflfei 

ftould be heat)ccl trp togiethfer fcr ridi eafy td det^-rhine;" 

. At firftO/i^ (as irfrcquently happens) met w^hHin- 

certain account^ of the ifliie of the biattfe.^ Btit wbei 

.foitje of tht ivounded foldterB,' Whcj rettn-ned fromt^ie 

iield, informed him rightly of \t\ it is npt/ to be won* 

/iJered at that his friends Ihduld ^ake pains to (Itppott 

him under his concern •, but the fidelity pf fohie pf tEf 

!!lbldiers exceeds ail belief; they would neither ^0 over 
to the conqueror to make, terms for thcmlclves,' nor tjbit 
the conquered in his extremity of ill fortune ; but oft 
the contrary, crouded his gates, and ^ave him the ritfe 
,bf Emperor. They kiffed his hand, tell at his feet, and 
^vith tears entreated him not to fbrlake them, tior gire 
them up to the enemy, accept of their duty and 
fidelity which Ihould continue to their laft bi*eath^ '^ In 
thefe fuppHcations they all joined. Bu( a certain ob^ 
*4cure private foldicr drawing hi$ fword, addrefled Into'- 
felf thus to Ofho : By tbisj Csefar, Judgd: oj our fidelity % 
for there is not a wan amongB us hut would Jtrike 'tius to 
ferve thee j and then ftabHed himfclf. Notwithftanding 
^his, Otho flood unmoved, and with a ferenc and'fleady 
countenance fpokd thus : ' ' 

Ibis day ^ my fellow-^foldierSy wbuh gives me fucb proofs 
of your affehion^ is preferable even to tbat on iJoblcbyfm Jif* 
luted me :^mperor/ But deny me not the fiill gfiater fattf- 
fatlion pf laying down my life, for the prefervaticn of/o many 
brave mn. If I am worthy of tbe'lkotmn emptrtj ithechmcs 
I ilne to die for my country. I know that the enemy Vas neitbhr 
gained an entire nor a decifive viSory\ I have, a^ce that 
the Myfian army is not. far off^ and is now appr^atbmg tie 
"iAdriatick ^^ i that the Aii2in\ Syrian,* and^'Mgfpti^^n 
Vjtrus^ and the legions. in Jucfeb^ declare for uiyHBefenaie 
Vfsj^^^^ well aftbe wives and. icbitdten of 

-kipir aumies. But it is not *w/A Hannibal, with Pyrrhtis, 
p)itB ^^^ Cimbri /fe/ wefi^ifor the defence t^/Italy •, * but 

. Ronians 

'\ \i^ Tacitus and Suetoum call ktm Cocceianiu^ 


• 6. T U D; 24I 

^^^^i.4re fgkb^^ againft Romgu^^ an4$he vigors and 
tifi '^^^^^potb i^refs their country^ and the fuwfs of 
-tke fp^iu^or .ifnds to btjr ruin. . Believe me therefore^ t 
/^^. f f •^*j/^4'^^*^^^ r4f;5f«i AS to die for iwy country y 
nox;^i^X^. how. Itome cmg/ahfo muikbymy viBory^ as 
kkjinjid^l^^^ andfe/curt 

.,. JU iopa as lie ba4, Aid thjs anc) ablblutely. refufed to 
Ultra tpi aiiiy .perfi4a&>n$ pr entJieaue^^ hjc cook leave of 
bi3r]&icnd^ ^d.thefeoatpp ^at werQ prefent, wrote tp 
thofe wl^o were 'abf|j(«,.. ^ncj ftnt Uix^t.% likewife to tjha 
|]evf ral dtics^,orderipg il>pm to give jjn bonoiirabie rcr 
cqitujia to his friends, ancj to provide, /qr. the fccurity of 
their. yourney. Then he.fent for yojungC'(?^m«^j(4)^ 
|)i5, bRqther*^ fon, and bid him not io^Jeor Vitelliuiu 
v^hpf^Jifmi^ he bad hithfrto.treaied with tjfe fame ^ tendern^:^ 
^s^mSjWn. He alfa told.him, thai bis adopfion badieen 
{ffer^^mtofregatdJo bis fafety\ JvtceCxi^LT could bav<F 
jten g)A4-b^ ^bejgf.iia^Jbared with him in his good for-- 
<W^ U;^^^^W^y c^nqi^rof'r but not in bis ruin if be were 
vapqui^^^ . . Jnd . l^ 0^ faid hej 1 cbflr^e 

t^^Cy\ neitjbfr entirely tp^fargetj nor toafirongly to remember 
fpati Q^t^^t jwas.your uiscle. v. Soon after he heard a tu^ 
ln^lt amongii: |^e foldjiers at the door, who were threa- 
ti:i^ kill the ien^tors for abandoning the Enfiperor ; 
upon which, out of regard to their fafety, he appeared 
again, but not with a gentle and fuppliant afped: as be- 
jforc^^but with an angry and menacitlg countenance^* 
iB^hjch fotcrrified the foldiers that they immediately ye- 

^^,,liic$he evening being thirfty he drank a. little water. ^ 
]^fj^^i^,it wo daggers; and when, he had fufficientlj^ } 
j^3iaa9iA<^ Cheir points^ he lakl one of them down and 
^put the Qtber under his arm. Then he called hi3 fer- 
|rafi^^ s(n4 As a proof of his aSc<^ion diftributed fpm^ 
^il^(;^ey^ aniongfl them,. bi|t pot incooHdierately, nor like 
,pf^.t^;lavi(b of what, was not his own ; for to fome . 
^rgf>^ morc^ taQ)Chcf^ lefs, judicioufly diftinguifhin^ 
every jdoe's particular merit* When tnis was c}one, he 
.iJifmUl^d them, and pafled the reft of the night in fo 

Q^a profound 

^^ rBe L I F E 0/ 


' bcr heard him fnore. In the m<irning he ciUed for 
his freedmati whom he had appointed to take caro 
of the fenatora, and bid him go and enquire about 
them} being bfornaed they were all gfme and were 
provided with every thing they wanted. Go tbeu^ faid 
he, and Jhow yourlelf to tbefiddiers, Uji tbty jbould eat 
you to pieces for being acceffary to ny death. As foon 
as he was gone, Otba hoWing the dagger in both hi» 
hands with the point upwards, fell upon it, and with 

one groan expired. ,..,... , 

Thofe who wMted without heard him groan, and 
burft into a loud lameocation, which foon fpnsid 
through the camp and the city. The foldicrs ran with 
the moft paffionate outcries, to the door of the palace, 
upbraiding therafclvcs for having been fo negligent 
in guarding that life which was Isud down to prdervt 
theirs. None of them would quit the body to fecune 
themfelves agwnft the approachii^ enemy ; but having 
raifed a funcrak pile, and magnificently adorned the 
body, they bore it thither, every one ambitioufly ftriv- 
ing to aflift in carrying the bier. Some of them 
kneeled and kiflfed his wound, others grafped his 
hand, and the reft proftrated themfelves, and worfhip- 
ped him at a diftance. Several, after the pile wa« 
lighted, facrificed their lives, though neither (as it i*. 
believed) in return of perfonal obligations from himi 
nor from an apprehcnfion of xW ufage from ViUlUus j 
for ccrtsnnly no tyrant ever had fo pailionate and extra- 
vagant a defire to command others, as thefe men had 
to <>bey Otbo. Nor did their love ceafe upon his death, 
but ftill continued, and at laft produced in them an im- 
placable hatred againft Vitelliust as will be Ihown in its 

proper place. 

After they had burled his alhcs, they built him a 
tomb, which was not to be envied cither for the ftate- 
Mbefs of its ftru6ture, or the pomp of its infcription. 
I myfelf have feen it MBrixilkm v it fcemed very plain, 

ijtod the epitaph was only this. : 


O T H O. 245 

To the memory of Marcus Otho. 


He died in his chirty-ievench year, after a (hbrt 
reign of about three months ; his death being' as much j 
applauded as his life was cenfured -, for though he lived | 
as profl^ately as NerOy he died much more nobly. The I 
fokliers were very angry with Po^o^ one of the chief 
commanders of the guards, for advifing them to fwear 
allegiance immediately to ViteUius. When they under- 
flood that fome of the fenators were upon the fpot, 
they took no notice of the reft, but offered the govern- 
ment to Vergifdus Rufus ; and going in one body to his 
houfe in arms, they intreated and urged him to accept 
of the empire, or at leaft to be their mediator, fiat 
he that refufed to command them when conquerors, 
thought it ridiculous to pretend « to it now they were 
defeated ; and he was afraid to go and treat with the 
G&rmanSt who thought themfelves in many refpeds in- 
jured by him. He therefore flipped away through a 
private door. As ibon as the loldiers were informed 
of this, they took the oath toVitelliuSy and having ob- 
tained their pardon, ferved under Cecina. 


' p-r ' " ' 


,x:-invTi J A>i3 i/^^ao 



•^.- t 

t,- ; •y< ^'' ' 

■»•-! ♦ 

I. ■ I 

V • V 

■ »' > » I' 



- J 

t . tV 



, .'' , ; .' ^ twl' .*. 'A ». J I V 

i J 

■ ) 

-f I 

♦ f > I « T,*^ 

< .'I ' 

> . ^ K\ « V. ^ i ' 

t T, 

1 <ll • ',*J 



, . -. I ^I< it.' . . 

t > 


' '.. I. 

« 4 

^ '» 







Ti^e numerical Letters denote the Volume^ the Figura tbi 

Page^ and N, Note. 


A B ANTES, a warlike 
people^ the firft who 
ufed to ibave the fore- 
part of their heads, I.' 6« 

Jibantiiasy the ion of Pajhas^ kills 
CliniaSi and ieizes the govern- 
ment of ^/Vy<9/r, VI. 146. Killed 
by Diuias and 4rtftotU the logi- 
cian, 147. 

jlbacritus General of the Bcfotians 
il^n in battle, VI. 159. 

Ahrotanony a Tbracian woman, 
the mother oiTbtmiftocUs^ 28 j. 

JhuUusy the father ofOxyar^eSf 
fcnt to prifon by Alexander ^ IV. 

^hilUuSi faid by Tome to be the 
fpn of Jtqmulu4 and Her/ilia^ 1. 68 . 

Academicks, what they chiefly 
eileemed, VI» 48. 

jicademus diiqpvered to Caflor and 
PMux that //ip^» was kept pri- 
vately 4t Aphldnay I^ 43, 

Academy, fpared for the i^ke of 
4cademm% I. 43, 44. 

Academy, froqi whom fo cal]ed, 
} I. 44. adorned by Cimony III. 
292, The opinions of the old 
and new academy, 363, 364, 
Ntiddle academy, Vl. 57. 
New academy, v. 41 2. Aca- 
demy ei^ually favoured by the 
Greeh and Romans^ VI. 3. 

jfcarnaniansy defeated by 4s^fi* 

lauSf IV. 90, 
^carnanian year, 1. 184. 

Acaftus the fon of Pelias died of 
l^eloufy difeafe. III. 265. 

Acanumtisy the name of one of the 
tribes at AibenulL 5. 

Acantbiif a people fo called, IIH 
178. Their treafury at Delfbi, 

Ac(:4i Lareniiay the nurfe oiRomu* 
lus and Remus, and wife of Fau- 
ftulusy I. 54. Sacrifices offered 
to her by the prieHs of ^r^, 
ibid, A feftival in honour of 
her called Larentiuy ib. 

Acb^^nfy their power and coa< 
rage heighteneid by PbHopcemen^ 
III. 1 1 • Ered); a ftatue of brafs 
to Pbihpcemen at Delpbi, I3> i4^ 
Break their league with rbitip, 
and join with the Romam, 
22, Demand fuccours from 
Sparta againit the AStoIiansp 
V. 136. Make Are^w their 
General, their prudence, and 
the cfFeas of it, VI. 1 5 3. To 
what credit they were raiied by 
Aratus^ 174, 178. Their 14- 
b^manity to the Mantineans\ 

Acbaicusy a name given to hmm 
Mummiusy m. 105, 

Achillas^ one of the oiHcers of Pto^ 
lemy King of Egjpty IV. 2J4. 
Undertakes to receive and mur« 
der Pompey, ibieU Put to death 
by CafoKy 210. His plot a* 
gainfi Cigjary ^jg. General of 
the forces of JS*^;//, ibid. ' 
0^4 4cbillesp 

1 N D 

iftiElIirj, Arine kofioun paU to 

him ia EpirvSi lii» - J7. Slain 

* rin tbc gutea ^af %rayi>j Pm^t 

. : %ju .^. vrii&tacooimt he was 

blamed, IV. 1^8, 149* His 

fl^nuunfiDt anoiQted b/ j^/<3ir« 

^chillesf the nanie of/ him who 
«> '.ooof^yed i^|pm&y# inreF the ri- 
. ver when an infant«ill« ^S. 
^chradimiy Z pect <#f ^fract^fe. 

'^taken by Tim$k9»f U. ^15. 
j^tt&my aa officer in C^^r's army, 
: -his valour, UL 343. A friend 
v.toBrptuffA^dromach^s fpeech 

in Homer applied by faiiA to 
:MiVm«, VI. 77.; 
jfyeaanntbuSf deicribed, VI. 160. 
A'fBActi hy Jntigonus, 161 • Ta- 

.ken byi^a/4j, 166. 
^ponite given to Orodes by his 

tpn Pvreurteff with a deiign to 
: poifon him, cares his dropfy, 

IIL -|j6^. 
^&G6m-eaxers, who fo called, II. 

> 145- . 
..^ctpamaticks, a part, of learning 

not to be communicated to the 
V Vulgar, IV. :? 3 2. 
^^crott, King of the Cenmnfes^ 
f' imardxes againft Hmulus with a 
? powerfiil iu-my» I. 70. De- 
.' ieatedaiidkMledby Romulus, 70. 

vjlcmttum fon of 4rtus King of 
' ;^iir/iji. III. 93. His charac- 
rtn^iiid. His gallant behavi- 

■ i tmrindcfcoceof 5/<ift«, 95. 

cite^, the iea-KX)a^ of iff^^m fo 

V S i:aBe4 VI. 1 84. 
yiihaon^ two of that name, one 

-f t^m in pieces by his dogs, the 
. o^er by his lovers, IV. 4. 

• }lft}on> the ale of it in ora^iions, 

% -y* 582, 3^6,413. Indecency 
-rinaqiDn intrpduced at Athens 

-'Hi>yiC/^iwf,HL 383. Vehement 

•/: C. ^racchus 

"' ztjtqme, V. 185,^ . - ; 

^^^^ battle of, V* 348. . 

g^^l5w,'ii^Kat he fesS to Akmf^er^ 

301, 30^. r. .-, 

Muifitiuf, eftabytftedninithe go- 
, vernmeoit by oMeximdtr, IV« 

79- ^ ^1 .u'y. '•■ 

Mi&tSf King o££bnfl(k^wft9% 
A»fpf^\anny9 V. 54^.^ • 

der, II. 138. / 

Aimtm beloved'by^/^/fc, X. 458. 

Admeiui King of the Moloffitms^ an 
eifimy to 7heii^ock»y .aod why, 
Ivjicu He t^nifertained! J'i'f ^ 
miftocks when he fle<if Bbm 
Atkemiihid.kS feq^'/ " " *« 

Adoni/z ,'feaft, Ae f^remeities 
thereof, IL Hz, Bfo-^M^ ce- 
lebrated at Athens^ as::thex.were 
embarking on an t?Kpe#^^ 
accounted ominoosy IJL ji^z. 

Adrtmum^ .inhabitants '0^^ ^in 
with Timoko9, II. 2082 Vt 

Adramhf ,a.God h^hly hovtosfed 
tn^/r/'/p, II. 207, 

Adraflm, ^ffifted by Jbe/eus it re-. 
covering the bodies of thofe 
that were flain at the fiege of 

Thebes^ X, 39. * 

^^r<r, a Titfcan colony, whe^^ 
' the Adriatick fea took its qame^ 

I. 538. 
Adrianus fent by Lucull^, to con* 

duft a convoy, KL 326. He 
de^ts Menemachusy and Af^r^ 
who were fent by Mitbrid^es^ 
intercept it, ibid, . 
Adultery, not known in Sp4rt a, 
I. 125, 126. SoIon*& lawabo^t 
adultery-, 230. 
JBacides King of the M^tojpimj^ 
• thei(Q^ ai Arybas zni^Troias^^ 
111.57. I)jepofed in an infur- 
redtion of his fubjeds, ibid, 
ASacus^ i^^ fon-in-Iaw of Sa>P«» 
. L, I r.\ ' .AUxinndet defccnd^d 
feom Jiim by the mother*? fide. 

r: N Df E-.X: 

jtUAff MO ordtn 6! JBtUlet, 
lit 109. 

J^Ms die father ofTi^/hut the 
Onde he received, I. 4. Rides 
a {word and flioei under a 
Aoney <• Difcoven hia ion, 
15. Hitdeath and die sMm- 
ner of it, 26* 

'^^SLbtaakerztSicyctt, defer* 
. vice he did to JratMi, VI. 161. 

jBgimh the ejreibie q( limt Fir^ftu, 
n. 13- V. 375. 

JEgUtitis, Ttmiji^cbs pFopoftd to 
make war ataisft them, 1. 385. 
Sienalized themfelves above all 
o&n in the battle alSsUmag,^ 
J- 3P3. 

,^fli, Tii/nts left Jruubu for 
' love of her, I. 24. The 
daughter of Ftmcfetttf ^bi/tus 
maiTiecl oera %o* 

JB^h iti M, IIL 383. $ob. 
daed by 4heaadtr^ IV. 258. 

J&gjfftiims &f fycMrgtu leamed 
mm them themaaner of ftpa- 
satiogfoldiert from mechaniacs, 
!• 107. Lai^h at Agifiaus^ 
IV. 1 07* Their opinion erf* die 
Deity's converfing with a wo- 
man, I, ij8. 

JBgyptian year, I. 84. 

JBgjftian wheels, the myAical 

. aMamng of them, I. 177, 178. 

JEgyptian ibothiayer, what he 
tic&iAittpny,W. 317. 

^liaj one of the wives of SylUtf 
ni. 225. 

Mmltan femily, their poverty, 
content, and mutual aiffe^on, 
Il« 245. 

JEwulian family, from whence 
they rpruBg, 1. 166. 

^mili0 the daughter-in-law of 
Sylla married to Fvmfey^ IV, 
122. Dies in childbed, 123. 

JEolus^ father oi Jme^ xiv. 

^noharbus. See Domtius* 

'^fui invade the Roman tenitOr 
ries, h 357. Defeated and 
^eir city t^en by CamUus^ 3^0* 

for his deaths III. 6|. 
Atrofui. King cfMtiuimt divcrced 

himielf m ■»f^ng kmps and 

tables, V. 25^ 
iXfcbims^ lam hk canfe agmnft 

Demffibemst and retiies to 

Rbciiis, V. 399. 
JE/cbhis of Smmftti aoooMcif a 

conipimqr, and makes hia 

efc^e, iUj^$. 
JS/cb)fbf brodier to Twwpbmis's 

wtte, with Timokon^ lie, endea- 
vours to diflbbde Jimofbann 

from tyranny, IL 199, Kilb 

Tim4ifbaniit, ifaid« 
JEfibytm the trmdian died of dit 

content, and rar what. III* 085* 
JEfculafius^ iaid to have beto en* 

tertained by SofiaeUr^ L 159. 
Mfip9 his adviceto ^•Jlnr, 1.23^ 

A eood ia^ingof his, IIL 459. 
JE/of^ huntfmaii,a faUe^^Vl. i8i. 
^>^ the tragedian, V.4I4. 
AEtbra the daughter ti Pittbm. 

and mother of ibefmst !• 5. 

Carried prifimer toIaoMJlrmfli^ 

Agroundlefi ftonr of her, ife/. 
Deftrted h^ her ion, too. 

^ttUoMs^ hkFiM^it$ut*B^9imy^^IL 
34. Aibibe to themfelves die 
vidlory over the Martdgyhgus^ 
36. Great matters in the art 
of calumny and iedition, 38* 

Afranius Luckuf commands 'the 
left wing oi Pompiy't anay a- 
gainft Sertorimt IV. 24. Fmnpiy 
kaves Armma in his caAody 
whiti he went in chace of M- 
tbridaiesy 156. DefeaU Fbrom 
atts King of Paribia, 1 59. De- 
feats the Arahimu near mount 
Amanusj 163. His inffthing 
^ech ta Fompiy^ 107, 198. 
He and Fatrc defeated inSfatM 
by Ce/tr^ 3^6, Defeated by 

Agamemn0n why pleafad with the 

jmofUfy^saxid AcUUijAV^. 


h N D E X. 

70* The tsems pnwhidi he 
exempted a noh<.€oward from 
fervii^ iji the ?^ai^ 74^ 
Af^ri^ the wife^/if. Xanik^^Sf 
and.^eice cXClifihMfi^^ 11.54:6. 
Her 4r9sifD« 6^ .,Thf «iQthe(of 

Jgaibarchus a piUDter valaed him- 
. ielf upon the ^jaickneT&of his 

work, and «thc^sepiy of Z^«v/j 
. thereajpoiTsi H- 20. Kept pri- 

iJDner hy JlMaiffs tili he had 

painted his hovfei 109; 

A^iiacluh- the; if iftre& of Pu/tmy 

Pbilofater^iY'' I75.« 
. ^gatbocUs the JSyrofufaHi marries 

his daughterxiffff^ to Pyrrbm^ 

Agatboclet the fen of L\fimacbus 

marries oncjoi^Ptaknty^s daugh- 

tensj V. i6z, . Pur&es Deme' 
, trius, 279. 

4^eftas of A^barms accufed of a 
. confpuacy^ IL 403. Efcapes, 

ibid* * 

. H4StC(^*^> 'he brother pf ^if, his 

birth, IV. 64. His education, 

'6Ci- Beloved by Lyjmdery ib. 

His chara£ier» i^a^ One of 
. his }ega fhorter than the other, 

ibid. He would not permit, his 

iUtue or piflure to be drawn, 
. ibid. . His peribn and carriage, 

ibid. Some would have fet him 

. afide.on account of his lame- 

. , ncfs, in. 204, ly. 67. The 

Oracle aJledged for that pur- 

fofe, ibid^, is declared King, 
II. 204. IV. 6%. Giv%s half 
Agii*^ eilate to the relations on 
the mother's fide, ibid. By 
complying with the, people he 
was able to do what he pleafed, 
\ibidx His great refpe^ to the 
i^^/'f.aod ienators, ibid. He 
'. . tidily forgav.e his enemies, and 
>would not puniih his^ friends 
• ; when they did ill, 69. Fined 
^/ tl^e f phorij iiSd. Demand- 


ed bf: the <lriflf i9 4&;|hr 

Qeiieral. againft the . )^e..of 

Pirfi^ 7P. . Refiling thirt)! 

Spturuins for captaii|5.aii4^0|ia-t 

iellors, ibid. His di'eangFs at 

-i^/kdi/f ibid. In ^whaj( he was 

mora'pnideRt tiian ^gamemmn% 

it^id. Looks ap<^i> an a^, co|n- 

, mittsd by the Bepotia^s as zxk 

, iU omen, IV. 71,, Slights 9tid 

'affronts Lyfiinder^ 2^' $eqda 
him on a^ emba/iy into the 
Helle/pm, ibid, - Blamed fbr 
jiis behaviour to Ltfeutdn-f.^Z* 
•Diicovers by Lyfqndti^^ papers 
that he had a defign to altei: ^e 
«>ver«mea^, III* 2x5^ IV. 96. 
Revenges the perjury of Tifa^. 
pbtrnesi,^'^. ^empts the rich 
frcmi.ibUawing-him, on what 
conditions, 74. In whii^ lie 

* followed • the ex^pipk of Ag»^ 
ffti,i/moH, ibid. Strips the pi-i- 
foners he had taken in war,.a^ 
iells them naked, ibid. . His 
iayings thereupon to his M^i- 
er^ ibid. Deceives Ti/apk^ius^ 
ibidt Defeats him in the p||dns 

• o§Sardis, 75» His anfwer to the 
propoj&tions of TifbroM/ies^ jib* 
The $fari0Hs appoint him Ad- 
miral as > well as General, 76I 
He chofe to derive his grandeur 

> ffpm his virtue rather tha& his. 
authority, ibid* Commits, a 
greatoverfight, ibid. Hisfei^gDe 
with Cot)sKing o£ P^fbk^gma^ 
ibid^ His love for Mfgobites 

> the ion of i^//7vir/V«/f/^:ibid. 
Refufes the kifs oi MigjB^hfUs^ 
and what he iaid on that cibta^ 
fion, 77. His ccmfereace with 
Pb^rnabazus/ikii.. The ^i>&- 
(eat he received fiotx^ PJbtatna^ 

liaaus.S'fht^y and what he-re- 

turaeds 79. The (ervices he^d 

him» ' ibid. Was incHned tto 

jpftice,<biit $vould alwa$ra fevour 

: his/fiieads. His -. letter * toia^ 


I I^ DT W X. 

^ il9^hii ftkl whftn fdrce^ ' to 

*»' 4^teiip |9id leave at fick friend, 

x-S^. ^^^k journijw he Copa- 

~ stitmi^/lodbed in the tettrpfes, 

' ' /Ml And &-ed as hard 9s !^he . 

^ con^oftroldie/s,i^'/.Thefiib- 

^ iXkiffiofiVi^f the rreat inen *of 

P^rjla to him^ imd. Inten^d 

to attack th'^ King of Perfii in 

' Ills dodlinionf, iiid. Rccalle4 

home hf the Efhor^s ihid. His 

obedji^nce to that order miich 

' fkdd^ to his glory^ 8 1 i « A ^Ly- 

. ing" of his, /^/V/. His paflage 

• thNiugh' the territories of the 
bai'barians, 82. His an Aver 
to ak KB pertinent demand^ of 
tfieTrAMf^i, Ibid. Whom he 
DvcrUird^s[, iiid. His boldre- 

• ply tp fhe King oif Md^d6n*s 
anlWdn/^. His aaibafikdors 

- retained prifoners at Luriffa, \\y. 
h ink faylhg of his on that't>c- 
cafioh, S2« His obedience to 
the Prefers of the Ep^oriy $3. 
His behaviour upon the news 
that Bhfander was debated and 
iOain, ?aV« A fault coinmitted 
1)y hiok through the heat of 
coo^e, 84. An iniiance ofhis 
l^rearflrtnnefs andrefoiution//^. 
His refped^ to the Gods, ihid. 
Hw ti^ophy fop the vi^ory, and 
ti^mti^^\. Delphi^ 85. A firm 
adlrer«r -io tlie cuftoms' of his 

- cpif^try/ ibid. His wife and 
V his^phiidren, ibid. His extraor- 
vdfnaryfaiethods tpgain over his 

.e^mies, ^7* How he nianaged 

' '^^it^* his collegue in the 

kingdom, ihid, t^jjocures his 

•iiwdf brcfher Telufias to be de- 

•e^ed Admiral, ihid» B&fieges 

'fiwiiitA^fi. Allows- the Gaqn- 

tbions thWwere with him to ^e- 

j"Icbrkte» the jltheman. gabes, 1^. 

• Hadinc^'felilV for common a- 

' fnicfemttnts, ihid, Hifrcontehip- 

liiocis behaviour to a* ^hvard 

'IraRodzao, and re^nAatid to an 

aitognt phyfldim, iiiU.- IU« 
vages the C&rlntBian territones, 
89. His^felKfbn why he wonlj 
not \Ax^ his '^enemies fiio^^ 
lowing tiieir corii, 00. . Hispo^ 
licy in- obliging tne i^nh to 
agree t6 the*peacewhh theKbg 

Jn an uhjuft adlidn, Jbid. Per^ 
faades the ' Laced^mtnians to 
take the fatitt "bf ?^ir^/i/aj on 
themfelVes, 91 . Dedares War 
againft the Thtbans^ which Was 
committed to the care ofCkm- 
brottu', ibid. His We for 1^ 
children, 94. What he did to 
<livertthemj anda&yingofhb 
to a friend on that occaA<m, fV. 
^4. Accufed of perverting 
juiU^e, ibid. Motwithibniing 
' his age obliged to march againS 
the Tbebans, ibid« Reptroached 
by /intalcidas for teaching the 
7hebans to fight, I. t zi. VL 
304. IV. 94, Incurs the hatred 
of all the allies, 95. Taken ill 
at Megaruy and caicd by being 
let blood, ibid. His debate 
with BfaminondttSy 96. Makea. 
peace with the reft o{ Greece^ 
and dd^lares war againft the 1: he- 
bans, ibid. The great efteem 
thtSpartMts had forhim fliot- 
wijhitandipg their defeat. 'at 
Leuiira, 07. His wife ex|Je*. 
dient to preserve the laws ^id 
citizens of iSi//ir|r/2, 98. Forcjfed 
to bear the taunts of the The^ 
battiy 100. • Cqntents himfelf. 
with guarding the city, ibid. 
Admires the gallantry of Epa- 
fninondas, 1 01. In what man-. 
^ ncr he broke a dangerous con- 
fpiracy, ibid: and puniOied the 
the accomplices in another, 102.. 
The prefervatfon of Spar ia Ow- 
ing to his' prudent condud, 103. 
Marches to fiiccour thp Monti*, 
ntansy ahd returns in great haSc 
to Stctrte-t 104. Blamcci &r 


1 N b fe X. 

coatiniiittg the war lo vtc&ftr 

Mefima, io6. rawtrmncd far 
entering into the iitrvioe of 
Tacif9s uw JBffftiMt tUd* Ac- 
counted nothing igaobk but an 
inaahrelife, 107.. Embarlufor 
jSgyfff ibid. How looked tqHm 
by the JSgyftianh and his be- 
haviour amone theiB, ibid. His 
gLf^wexXoCii^ias, 108. Quits 
ibe party oiTacboSf and enters 
into the fervice of NeSanabis 
his nephew, loo. What he 
£dd to VeBanabis^ ibid. S«f- 
pe£led by him* 110. ^ His wife 
advke to Ne3anabiSf ibid. Re- 
sains his confidence, ibid. His 
ftiatagcms^ in. Returns to 
5/tfr/4i| ibid. Driven by a florm 
ta the haiven of MtMihua in 
jifricof where he died, ibid. His 
age and how long he reigned, 
^id. How embalmed and 
brought to LacedamoHf ibid. 
The crown remained in his fa- 
mily to Jgis the third, in the 
fifth generation, 1 12. His ad- 
.'vantages above Pompeyy 2 1 8,(S^r. 

Jgfjilms ^t Mxklt of Jgis by the 
mother's fide, V. 130. He was 
father of Hippomedony ib. Made 
one of the £/i&^r/, 135. His 
cniftineis, i^/^. By his avarice 
occa£ons a mutiny in Sfarta, 
138. His infolence^ ibid. He 
fied, ibid. Being wounded faves 
himfelf by pretending to be 
dead, 151. 

AgefipoUs King of Sparta^ his 
charader, IV. 87. His death, 

Agtjifiratay the mother of Jgisy 
V. 142. Murdfered by Am- 

pharesf 143* 

Jgias with the younger Arifio- 
machus' feizes the government 
of Argosy VI. 172. 

Agiatis^ the widow of Agis mar- 
ried to Cleomenes^ V. 144» Her 
death; 164. 

j(^/, the fon of AfiUdgmus^ 

J King of Spartmp fined,, g&d 
for wliat, L 119, lao. His 

> fine aniwer to an jMnmnr, 
132. Another fiiyiiig of his. 
* I33i'i34* Money Mt ibonda 
way into ^partM in has reign, 
147. His hatred to AlcMades^ 
and for what, 11. 120, 121 • 

Agi* the ion of EudumidMSj his fa- 
mily and geiiealbgy, V. 127. 
His character, 128. The great 
wealth of his mother and grand- 
mother, ibid. His defire to r^ 
ftore the ancient laws oSSperta^ 
129. The three perfoos that 
affiled him in his defign, 1 30. 
By What means he got his mo- 
ther and grandmother to join 
in the undertaking, 13 1 . Caules 
Lyjknder to be diofen Epbori, 
ibid. The decree propofed, ib, 
Qfiers to divide his patrimony, 
153. His difpute with £»»/- 
das, ibid. Protedb Leomdas^ 
whom AgefioMs the Epborus 
would have had killed, 136. 
Deceived by the craft ofAgefi- 
lausy ibid. Sent with forces to 
fuccour the Achmmu againft the 
^toUans, ibid. By his mode- 
ration gains the love of the 
people, 137. Returns with ho- 
nour to Sparta^ but finds the 
people mutinying through the 
ill government of AgtfiUau^ 
138. Flies to the temple of 
Minerva for proteAion, ibid. 
Seized and put into prifbnby 
the treachery of feme pretended 
friends, 141. Hisai|fwers when 
examined, by die Sfbm, ibid. 
Condemned, ibid. What he 
' fiud to one that bewailed hinl, 

142, Executed, /^/4/. He^^vas 
' the firfl King put to death, at 

Sparta hj order oftheEpbiri, 

1 43 . The advantages of J^is 
and Cleomenes above the Grac-- 




Apu^fh what lie did in the acciifk- 
ti6a of iPmc/r/y II. 43* \ 

JgnoXf for what Jlixatuf^- wa$ 
angjy with him, IV. ajz. 

4g9i9m, AeTium wore filver flails 
iii hif ihocs, IV. 27$. 

JgHomtbst FifdasM inlercfl^es^ for 
him mth j^Mtifatir, V. 31. Ac- 

. d^PifrtfiiMaad others of trea- 
ibny3C. The pleaiant propo- 
fition he made to King Atidutt^ 
56. Reads the decree a«dnft 
Pbodmf 37. Is pat to death 
by i}yi JtbemanSi 39. 

JjgtmhtmSf the peribn who pre- 
tended he heard King AMigtnus 
hyJleMiuidtr' was poifone^ IV. 

Jgnus, the name of one of the 
ward*at^/iMr/> L 14. 

jiirammesf a King in Imitas the 
ion of a barber, iV. 307. N. 

J^arian law> V. 71. When al- 
tered» 129. The ill coafe- 
qnence of that alteration, i6id, 

jfgrauUsf a coniecrated grove, the 
oath taken there by me Athtni^ 
anst and the occaiion of it, II. 

Agricnlture, an aA of religieni I. 
iSi. Produces ^e love of 
peace, 187. Is favoarable to 
oligaiehy» 306. 

.^^^^raAMirepeopled, II. 233. 

jfgrigmtines affiled Dhrty VI. 26. 

jqirifpaz friend oi Auguftus^ V. 
3 19. Commands the left kfiSL* 
droit for ^^j^/againft Ant&njy 
348. vWrites to Augftfius to re- 
tnm to Rom^ 358. He marries 

• yuhaxkt'dxci^xetc^Augufius, 
369^ Appointed by Augufus 
to accnfe Caffiusiox the murder 

Agt^pifuh one of the daughters of 

' Aikm by O^aviHi married to 
JBuolarktsy by whom ihe had 

. Lwdui D&mtiusy and afterwards 
married to Gku^ius Ca/ar^ V. 

AUu LofmUuu*$ temple ereAedtbv 
' CMituiyLsss* " 

AtoHtttiy one of the tribes at 

At^m, BT. 412. 
4faxi the ftthcrof j?«f^//, H. nf . 
4^*s temple, V. 404. ' 
Aid99ieus/i. c'PltaSKing of the 

at the defire of&rcules, 4$. 

Agigdfesy ftcpherdsand grazieri at 
AtJbens, fo tailed, I. 231. 

Airy of an eagle containing fercn 
young ones. III. 147. 

Ai^9 fome e»]ed fHhermen of tihat 
town prefented Sy/fa with fiih, 
and what happened on thatoc- 
cafion, 111.251, 252. 

Alalcomifiius, the name of one of 
the months amonglt the Bat^ti* 
ans, II. 4x6. 

Alhaniansy a people inhabidng 
about moxxniCaucafiuy IV. 156. 
Defeated by Pomptf^ who made 
a peace with their King, IV. 
1 57. They revolted, ihid. A- 
gain defeated. by Pompt^^ 1 58. 

Alhm lake, a remark^Ie ffi>ry 
about it, I. 3 2 5, &^ >^^. '^ 

AUnnust a Rpman commander, re- 
flected on by iWiirw, III. 114; 
Was lieutenant to SyUa^ and 
killed by the fbldiers, 224. 

Alcaus^ his epigram on PMUp^ 

III. 36. 

Alcigus the SarJian poilbned by 
Mithridatesy for having got the 
better of him in a horfe-ra^e. 

IV. 161. 

AUandery what he did ioLycurgus, 
I. n 8. How puniihed for it,- 

Aicetas the fon of Tbarrytes^ was 
father of Nioptolemuf and Aty^ 
husy III. 57. 

Aicetas refufes to obey the orders 
ofPerdtccatyW, 40. Diiputes 
thc^ command widi Euminesllj.. 

Alcibiadesy a fbtue ercded to niq;i 
by the R^htans as th? moil Vii^ 
Uant of the Grtdatu, I: 16^. 


I K fe 3f; 


l^criwidcijpfr/fiif/, again to ac- 
cept of th^ chief cbminana/ll. 



ij SwSHyi .tJs genfealp^. P^^^vA^ 
^d .rifr^ifclftfii \^Rwi bis guai^* 
aw, arid the friendflup of 5^- 
^iit/^/ ycry n^ich contributed to 
his fome, Hisnarfe,92. 
His fchoolmaftcr, rf//. His 
^ beauty lafted with him all his 
r: life, ibid. His lifplDg- gave a 

frace to his prdnunciationi/^/V/. 
lis natural inclinations, his 
' ambition, an4 feveral fayings 
of his in hi« youth, ibid. & feq. 

. He refufes to learn to play on 

. the flute» and for what rea* 
fea, 93. When a boy flies to 

, the houfe of Demdcratest 94. 
Careflcd and flattered by peo^ 
l^c of the greatcft quality, ibid, 
but prefers the friendftiip ofSo- 
4rate$i 95. The affront he of- 

. fercd to Anytus the fon <5f An- 
rthemion^^^. The ferviee he did 

. to a flrang[er, 9^. the tflefl of 

Socrates*^ difcdurfes oh him, ib. 

. His luxury and impertinence; 

97. His flatterers chiefly took 

ndvantage of his vanity and 

. ambition^ ibid* But he was fet 

.right again by Socrates^ ibid.- 

What he did to a fchoolmaller 

whohadnone of Honiti^^ works^ 

' aiid his anfwer to another who 

^adcorte^d //^Mt^yibid. His 

. anfwer to Pmclesy who was 
cpnfidering hew to give up his 
accounts to the Aiheniansi ibid. 
While very young goes in the 
expedition againft Potidie^ ia 
.wpujQdedy.pve&rved by SocraUs^ 
and crowne4 for his valour, 98. 
• Afterwards preferved Socrates zt 
.the battle ofDeiiumf ii>id. Gives 
Nifpomcus the father of Callios 
a box on the eds^ ibid. Who 
upon his fabmiflion pardons 

^ kl^i* ^xid giv£» him his datfgh^ 

tf^ Hip f arete in m^en$^>^Uih 

His behaviour towards aer» 99. 

'His anfwer to {ojait oThis *^c> 

^ quaihtance, who reproved 'him 

for (cutting oiF the tail of a fine 

.dog, ibid. His lirfl appearance 

"iij fte publick aflembly, iBidt 

* His ^uail^ 100, His many ad* 
vantage to recommend 
publick affairs, /^/^. Kept more 
horfes and chariots for the pob- 

^ iltk g^mts than ever any one 
befides did, iqi** Ani al once 
carricfd bff, three pfJCT^Sj^ i^d. 
'^he honours thaj ^^^iff dp»e 
,hmj by feveral cities, Jk4.. i^ 
fiq. The trick he put upon iig 
friend Diomedes^ i.oz* ^ jjjnkes 
his intereft with Phacax^^ Ni^ 
dasp and gets ffyperbqim ba- 
hifhed by the ofbiafm^ ibid, jE# 
103. BfBgihs to be jealous -bf 
the retmtation 6f ^icias, 105* 
Accufei Nicias of favouring 
diie Lacedamonlansi ll. IP49 
io^» His artful pr^(^'ces oh- 
the tfOced^mQman amba^dors, 
105, y Jeg. He gets their 
ofFers rejefied, and breaks 
with the Laced^emoniitnSf ioO^ 
His advice to the people of 
Jrgosy 107. and his vietv there- 
in, ibid. His advice to the Az- 
tfadnsy ibid. His wrfdom, elo^ 
quence, luxury, infdence.and 
effeminacy, ibid, t^ Jeq^^ , He 
keeps Ag4Uharchm j^inSpis^ ^ 
he had painted his :ho^ff » wid 
ftrikes 7 aureus for cpniienffipg 
with him in exhibituig. ^ws» 
109. Takes a. captive , it&^w 
Woman, and has j^ fon by, hl^r, 
ibidi The chief caulc^ ^^, j?*« 
iiauphter df tiie inhabttf^Wof 
UeUs^ ibid. ' Per(i^e^t^pea^ 
pie to attack Sidfy^iiQ, M^de^. 
General V in the expedi^6n-a- 
gainft Sicifyy jpmdy with iV- 

• riasi ,\\i. Actiifed oSii&ang 
feveral ftataesi and rlcUonl^g 

I N^ If' E-^ n 

iSat ffldte3 myfteries, 113, Nit- 
Widmoiding which he is co^- 
mapde^ to proceed in the expe- 
dition, 1 1^4. Lands at khemm^ 
Sbid. His adtice oppofbd oy 
, /^ib*tfj(y?6at^appraveaof hy i««- 
' nuuims:, ' Wiii^. Sails .with tttem 
" to' Stilly, ^d takes Ca^andl ib. 
'Rifeilled to ^^^Air to aniWer 
Wiik^adons^ ti6. Efb^s, 
lasid^wliaSlie (aid on th^ pcca- 
»on;>iy. the ferm of tie 
^ccdfktibn, i^/V. '^^^^ He flies 
*^i(i^ Spietta. His reception, and 
" fifeha^loflr {here, i iS, 119^ His 
.-Jnttigue with '?V«^«, Aeivife 
' ' htJIgti: 1 2b. He inakes aU 

iim*'T2i. He retires . to fifa 
• ->A^;;-d|t5King 9f Perjia'% 
'IkiitSenanf, /IfcV. The agr^e- 
' ableiiiS:{$ ^his conyeriaitioii,^^. 
- He''(ljrttits the iittereft of fte 
/^^/^/» 'being in fear of ^> 
. thefr feng, »^^. Perfuades the 
nobility of^^hw to take the 
government out pf the hands of 
the common people, 1^2. In- 
forms the Jibenians of the trea- 
sons oiPbryuicusy 1 23. Recal- 
led and declared General by 
the Athenians that w^re at Sa- 
mos, 1 24. He oppoies the ra(h 
fury cfthf! people, and thereby 
isLves, Jthns,^ ibid. Ahother 
great ferrice t^iat he did,, 1 25. 
jAmifefd by the Lace^Jinonians^ 
3bid. Recalled by the people, /^. 
Seized^ by ^ifapherne^ and feat 
pjm>T^it6Sar£fis, butefcapmg 
ttotf fils^ keepers' fli^s to CMi?- 
i»^^, aStttf dccufes Tlfiipkermioi 

^ --jbq>ofc5himfelftb^grt_. 

daiji^et, fmt by a ihatagehi ^e 
"iavcs^'Kinrfelf^ 129, ,130*/ He 
*'t£liges tik^Sfljiri^ to receive 

:/W>/£^lM|arH$m, t«d. '»d 

be£eges atLcT^kk^s BjzaHfium, 
iii^, 1^ y^f , Returns to jMtns^ 
1J2. Received tvitb agenfeiil 
joy, ihi'S'^'^^^. Who crown 
hlmyith crowiiiTdf ^^Id, tnd 
declahr him General bo^ by 
land and 'fca,«l/i/. HeA^rs 
Iping on' boarded' the ^lebra- 
tiQQ of the gr^usidhiyfteriesi 1 54. 

. Thii danger Aat attended the 
poceifion, and his condndf iii 
*that affair. rW. fcf y^. Preffcd 
by the comtfon people to take 
the ib^reigrity upon him^ 135. 
but the chief of die Aibeniam 
being alarmed at it, hafteffhim 
on board the fleet," 136. • |fc 
fets fail wich'a^handred ftrps, 
and gains a batde in -the iHand 
o( Andfosj but did not' take the 
city, iffid. Ruined by his own. 
glory, tbii, Accufed to the 
AtbemOHs hy TbrajfybuIttSf 137*. 
Of what, tbi/i. Forfakes th© 
zxmyf ibid. The prudent ad- 
vice he gave the y^i&^»/tf» com-c 
manders,!!. 138. ' The event 
proved the goodhefs of his^ 
Judgment, 139. He retires in- 
to Bitbynia, and is robbM of a 
great part of his wealth byibmeL 
Tbraciansy ibid. The thirt3^ 
tyrants jealous of his defigna 
and anions, 140. The aflafiins 
not daring to encounter' him 
fetiire to Ae houfe ^heiie he 

' ^as, 141/ His courage and the 

. mminer of hisdedth^'V*^. Bu-. 

ried by hh '^naftrefs, ibid. A 

iiiflerentaccountof diecaofe of 

his murder j . 1 42 . E^al ' to 

- CorictanUs^xa military C0ttdu6t, . 
X 89. ' The advantage of Aid- 

• biades sMve C^t^oftusf i^u. 

' His politicks fall of flratagem 
and deceit, 190. The great 
change he made in the^jfj&^;/itf« 
aifaits, 18^. 190. 

AUibiadfi^i Aame gittn to^.a 


t 1^ h 

(•k* » 

i .: 

W» i XL 


JUiUaJeJi'i teill|Kir poi^p^xei to 

ihid^ycmred^toDrwkthc ^aguc 
bettv^ ike u^cirxtfir/ and Z/i- 

: ceitftd treatment of the i^ce- 

;with Nkias ixiiX^mhc/m *p- 

' * Jjoin ted Generals ia the SUilfan 
iexpedition, jpo. itecalled^ 5^3. 
Hisfamfliarily with Tiaurihthe 
wife of ^^//. IV. 66* 

JilcidamuSy.Demo^henes learat his 
art, V. 380. 

JkimmeSf a Grecian, a friend of 
DioXi VI. 23. 

J/cimus, the Epirot, a gaihnt Cap- 
tain in Demttrius^ arni)r,V. 351. 
Slain in battle, 252. 

Alcman the poet, I. 149. Died 
of theloufydifeafe, IIL 266, 

Mcnueofiy General of t\ic Jtbini^ 
ans againft the Cirrbmam^ I. 

jfftmena, her body vaniihed as 
ihey were carrying it to the 
grave, L 92. Married u>Rhmi- 
cmantbus after, the death of^^fw- 
fhitryon. III. zi.2. 

Jlyoneus carries Pyrrhus*s head to 
hi3 father ^•//j'^a/, HI. 103. 
. Reproved for it by his 6ther, 
thia» His civil beharioor to 
Belams the fo» QtPyrrhusj ib. 
for which. Jic is coaameodedby 

j^ifiT, tkic{epQ\ckx€o{Mkadaman' 

/^KjisfacaUcd,!!!. 21.2. 
Akximitry a U%4uiam commander, 

IL 26b, . y 

j$&xi^Jgr the iba of iP«^/, II. 

>8j/ • • .. '' „ .. 

,jkxandet>, Kinjgf_ of -Ma^^ the 

i^noi'jbnyntas the. i^ccnidr md 

^brother to Rtofmyi,, U, 3 1 7. N. 

.10113 his brother Ptplsm^ 3 »8^ 

Jkxander^ ^"Jg^ ^ iMW«*», his 

oilcoarfe wU& Arifiiei^ aboW^ 

v^ pverqpipe byi Pf^itksx JJUja 6 . 
.vjjr^es; P«^Mm .^^h4^*W 
K .prifonisriF, ^^.s Hi^ 4?8Uj(2o. 
,t^ Jlu^ cruel^>.y^/4 .,£^ V^i j. /De- 
.,,fate4.Mby'thc ^M#f6% 3fe8. 
^d^ere* by ^e c^trivftno^ of 
..1 ^iari»pfe ai^, ihHl,>fer>Jf. The 
. ^fir(|k,(^|^t,thati|CB«.Wari(i86d 

1 j^ )U# wife's itf)n<itniaMr,>349. 

if^^^ip^tbe linftof a4|^Mi«)IIL 

t . 6^.. Expelled /by: iuf'brocfaei' 

. ^Anfip^^r^ ibidic Odis. Pjumhus 

• 9^J>m*tpitis tofhjb'.afiftafice, 

i^» , 7ke kiao^^^hif ^Iffthy 

Vr a6$«. ; - . > 

AUxtmdtf^ the foa - of ^^imte^^by 

l^nqfa^ HI. 66.' ' ^ ^i ^,: 

AU^amkr Mindusy III» f <4* -t • 

AUxtmlert a phik^pb«i|rf'icfi|er« 
lained iyCrafis, IU.4if.iUia 
great patiaice; and 4i{iaigaf&^ 
ednefs,«i«i/» . .- / . 'i 

Aiexandir At £om '^iF^fOtton 
arrives at AtbtiHwhk k power- 
fttl army. Htrdeiign-upoitliiat 
ciey, V. 34. 

AkxaxiAr the Greaf^ tte iiimn9 he 
made ufe «f to con^a EiMikes 
of a JaBhood, IV. 37. Why 
Greece ought to grieve ote ac- 
oottnt of hi^exploits, %i, -A 
ikying of hb <x>n6tming the 
battle fooghfc bbt\^xt^ ilnd 

' Amipatery Md. His deibent, 
225. The day of hiff hWi, 
and ibme eircuitfiUiicey ^kat at- 
tended ir, 227. WdddMer 
none- but Lyfi^s f* cartr *fta- 
toes of him, ibid. His ielii. 
^perance, 22^. ^d iiMibi€^,^^« 
His anfwer to one who" 'M^ 
ium to nm a race iirtht ONlii- 
pkk «a*ies^ iM^ HBi«(l«8vi. 
oarwhiM a'cWldtodie P^^ 
•«Bbaffiidor9> 229* His prtc^ 
towj 32^, -250, 'He trahis 
the ^As^-Bu&pbedkfy 230, 23 1 . 

• His lettei? to Artftetk, 23.2. A 



1 If »j 

It admirer of Homtr^ ihid. 
love foi^ AriJlvtU abat^ in 
tSine; tit. his prefent to Xtns^ 
YTaffs, i54. Left regent of the 
kfAgddmwhen he was but fix* 
)Sfi^fhm bldi itij. His ooarrel 
«vitH ^iahts, t35.' Ana with 
tds ftdi^f ?/$/7ij^p ibid. Vton 
^ich* 'he ^hd his inotiier 
letire from cbuit, ikti. He 
ftudk ^ffkiui the pkyer in- 
to CaHa; oh what errand, 236; 
* 'If e and his mother are firfpeSed 
to have i hahd in the murder of 
fifihfy i^J, He fucc^eds to the 
drdwo when he w^s but twenty 
J^ears oFage» 23^. He owes his 
lafety to his refolutibn and mag- 
haniaiUjr, iM. His behaviour 
to tibis Thehansy ^38. Keceives 
the Athenians into favour, 239. 
t0perik\9 bf his feverity towards 
the ThslaMSi ihid. Declared Ge- 
heral aeain^ the t^e^fians, 240; 
His vmit to Dhgenesf ibidi 
His behaviour at De^, ibid. 
^ pdtpdfegy that happened juft 
b^ibit he began his expedi- 
iiotay 241. The number of his 
tro5ps» IhkI fiihd for their main* 
kenance, ihij^. His geiierofity to 
his friends, who accompanied 
hite in the expedition ^ ibid. He 
lenvies JcinUes for two reafons> 
242. His . contempt of fuper- 
ffition* ik(L He paiTes the Gra- 
tdcusf ibid. Hb oehavioUr in the 
ftfiion, ir'Afi. itfufes Quarter to 
Ihe mercen^iy Gf^cians, 244; 
H^ Gtoieft itatiies in bra(s of 
thirty foiur Of his oi^cers who 
Mi it\ the i^ageinenc to be 
ered^ hf Lj^pfwp ii»d. He 

ik4g. A groundlefs miracle iH- 
veikted ibrhim by the hiftowany, 
iifid- Honours paid foy hintta a 
^Vattoi Theodi^esy 246. Being 
miaibie to untie thtGorJian haxft 
he cuts it afonder, 247. He fub- 

does PafbU^ma piA Gf^^adi^i 
after hilv&g conquered the r^- 
iHaftf axid rbfypatis^ ibid. His 
ficknefi lii'£mr/ir, and ippun- 
dence jn jiutf phyfidah,, 2^S. |iii 
viftory owing chiefly to his ex- 
cellent cbndud^ 250. A faying 
of his upon Viewing the (ent of 
Dariuty with the equipage l&e^' 
longing to it, 2 c I . His generpas 
behaviour to tne mother/ virife 
and daughters of Darius, it^idi 
His cfiarafler of the PfrJ^an 
beauties, 25a. His abhorrence 
of the love of boys, ibid. His 
letter to Parmenio, 253, Two 
things which made him feniible 
thathe was mortal, ibid. Reflorek 
Queen Jda to her dominions^ 
ihid. His answer to her when 
ihe oiFerM him fuch Cooks, l^r. 
as were excellent in their kind> 
ibid. He ufed to iit long at 
meals, rather for the fike of 
converfation than drinking, ibid. 
His way of living, 254, The 
magnificence of his table, ^554 
He lays liege to Tyrf^ which held 
out feven months, ibid. His 
dream, ibid. Another of his 
dreams, and the Explication of 
it by the foothfayers, tbid:^ His 
excuriion into Arabia during 
the iiege^ and the danger to 
which he expofed himleif for 
the fake of Ks preceptor Lyji- 
machusy ibid. His expedient 
to verify the prediftion ofJrif-- 
tandery 257. He befieges Gaza^ 
ibid. The accident thatoefelhini 
there, ibid. His extravagant pre- 
fent of frankincenfe and myrrh 
to his prscceptor Leamdns^ and 
the reafon given for it, ^78. to 
what ufe he applied a curious 
caiket -found among the trea« 
'fures of DariuSi ibid. His vifi* 
on, ibid. His vifit to the temple 
of Jufittr Amm9Hy and the dan- 
gers he met with in that voyage 

^ N D fe X. 

259. His converfation with the 
High-Prieflof -<^zww<7/r, 260. Aai 
with ^/ammon thdEgyptian Phi- 
lofopher,26 1 ills z^a^wexXoAnax- 
Urdus the fophift,/^ft/.The fports 
and gknies he exhibited upon his 
tttxxta OQtof E^ptintoPJ^^enidat 
262. His fenciments of n^a- 
'lus and Atbenndorus the come- 
dians, ibid. He communicates 
to his friends a letter he had 
l-eceived from Darius^ 263. His 
artfWer to Parmenio upon that 
iubjeft, ihid. and to Darius, 
ibid. His grief for the death of 
Statira, and expence in her 
funeral, 264. The mock en- 
gagement betwixt two fervants 
that followed his camp, l^c, 
265. He facrifices to Fear, 266, 
His anfwer to thofe who advifed 
him to attack Darius by night, 
ibid» And to Parmenio upon his 
wonderinghe could fleep fb found 
juft before fb important an en- 

fageraent, 268. An account of 
is armour, 269. His fpeech to 
the army, and the prayer he 
made before the battle, ibid. 
He gains the battle and is 
proclaimed King of JJta, 271. 
His behaviour thereupon, ibid, 
takes Sufa, where he finds im- 
menfe riches^ 273^. The guide 
that conduced him into Perjta, 
274. The cruel orders he iffiied 
out upon his entrance into that 
kingdom, ibid. His ipeech to a 
ftatue of Xerxes as it lay on the 
ground, ibid. His fatal extrava- 
gance in a riotous entertain- 
ment,' 265, He fets fire to the 
palace at PerfepoUs, 266. His 
• Arijio the Paonian^ 
ibid. And generofity to a com- 
ihon foldier, ibid, fn what manner 
he recommended fccrecy to his 
ftvourite Hepbafiion, zyj, 'His 
munificence to a fon of Mazeus, 
to Parmnio, and Antipater^ 27 S^ 

His tendcrneis fot his mother, 
whom however he would not 
foffer to intermeddle in thego- 
verntaent, ibid. His reproot to 
his favourites, ilid, Spar/anhm* 
baiador, ft6od by wien he en- 
countered a lion, and \yhat he 
feidto him apon if , 2 79.^he.inur- 
murs bf his courtiers, wtp were 
become rich and luxurious^ *^ft/. 
A fine faying of his.upqn that 
occafion, ibid. Gre4 inftauces of 
his afFedllon to his fvi&^is^^bid. 
& Jeq. His regard for fanauaries, 
280. .Become inexorable to 
thofe who ipofe^ ill of him, 281. 
His behaviour upon the d^th 
of Darius, and the punilhmeat 
he infliftedoh ^ejfu^, 28^ 283, 
his concern for the lo(k of JSuce- 
pba/us^ who had been feized by 
the barbarians, and the means 
he made ufe of to recover him, 
283, He puts on the barbarick 
habit f his defi[gn in {6 doing, 
i^id. The Queen of the Amazons 
comes to vifit him, 28c* His 
fpeech to the army hoior^ he 
marched into Ifyrcahia^ibid, 
He blends together the man- 
ners of the barbarians and Ma- 
cedonians, 286, His policy, ibid. 
He puts Philotas to death, and 
fends orders into Media tp kill' 
Parmenio, 289. He kilb C&/«/, 
which aaion Plutarch exiSea- 
yours to .palliate, 29b. Being 
intent on his Indian expedition, 
he burns the baggagp,,,29VHis 
feverity, ibid. Apipdi^ that 
happened, /^V. fts esapbnation, 
ibid, another prod^y.thai much 
pleafcd him, ibi}l Its explana- 
tion, 300. He 'forces 5^^. 
tbr^s to quit ^e rixl^, W de- 
fended, 301. What i^e,^d to ^ 
a young man whofe nam^. was 
Alexander, ibi^.WhaX he faid to 
Aiupbis, and-f«/i&/V'arepIy ,30 \ , 
joe. His converfation .with 


f rf t^ n % 

• fW*/i5f> and'A* pre&ntB they 
tnadte each other, 362.Hu breach 
of faith jy. 303.Hecaufesfeveral 

- fiuHan philofoph^rs" to bd han^- 

^ td, ^V. His own aiCCoUttt bf his 

War with F<v«i, /^/i^. &c. what 

he umferwent to merit the praiie 

• rf thfe jiihimit^r, 364. His ge^ 
fieroas trtatrteat of Poi^us af- 
ter his bad defeated and taken 

' liltfi, 30c. The honours paid by 
iim to me memdry Of his horfe . 

* Si^*«/kJ and his dog Piritoi, 
ibid. &c. His foldiers refufe to 
pafs iiat Gaftgts, 306. Grieved 
and enraged at their refufal^ 
^W. Is ppevialled with, to re- 

■ itim> 307. His ridicdous va- 
liity, wh^eby hcf endeavoured 
to impofe on pofterity, iifiti. 
His defire to fee the ocean j 

•' ffeV. ifis behaviour at the 
fieg^ «f ^ ^ty of the MalJi^ 

• HAT, JdS.'The Queftions he 
'. pot to ten A^fan ^iiofophers> 

and the anfwers they made him 
3®9» 3110. He difmifles them 
witti J>refentSi defireS fome of 
ite moft noted Ind/ian philofo- 
phers to come to him, /^/V. 
' Spends feven months in his 
Voyage down the river, /^/V* 
His ambltioas prayer t6 the 
Gods, 31^. He retUwis through 
. thte country df the Oritesi and 
is redoec^d to extreme 'ftraits 
for want of provifion, whereby 
t great ^art of his army perifti- 
ed, iii^'^t arrives in Gedrofia^ 
< ' ibi^ "Wh^fe he is plentifuHy 
' ib^pBed, Ibid, He irtaithed 
'•' lhmtfglkCdf7Wtf«/«j iMdl Where 
■"^to'^nd his friends ftafted fe- 
ven daVs together, ihid. 't'heir 
feindqjfobs debauch,; 313.. His 
, ' ' 'defifii ^ fiiil out of the Eu- 
pMtthi ' atfd; by HercukN' pil- 
' • lar^'^ Fttt6' Ae Mt^tirtantans 
3 1 4, . -JKilk'-Oxj'i^f / the fon of 
Abuiifn with his own* hand, 
. . u . R 

thii. And Gommlts Alufttei^ tO 
prifbn, ihU. &c. A cuftom 
Whieh the Kings viiitcd Perfia^ 
of giving every woman a piece 
of goldi 315. . He puts Pofy^ 
mdchus to death for rifling Cj^ 
hts's fepulcher^ ibid. He pro- 
pofes a prize fpr him who 
could drink mofti and how 
many died of that debauch^ 
316. He married Sfatira the 
daughter of Darius^ ibid. His 
fplendid entertainment, and 
the prefents he made to 
the gueftsj ibid. He pays the 
debts of the whole army, ibidi 
His tfoops jealous of the young 
PerJianSf whom he had caufea 
to be inftrufled in the ule of 
arms, 317. He chufes his life- 
guard out of the Perjians, ibid* 
The Macedonians repenting, he 
is reconciled to them, ibid, &c. 
He diverts himielf with pub^ 
lick entertainments, 318. His 
gl-eat grief for the death of 
Hephceftiouy and his behaviour 
thereupon, ibid, Advifed not to 
go to Babylon^ 3 19. Slights the 
advice, ibid. The ilj prciages 
that happened, ibid. He chufes 
a man who was found fitting 
on his throne to be put to 
death, 320. His diffidence and 
fuipicion, ibid. His behaviour 
to Caffdnder^ and what he faid 
to him, ibid. His fuperfti* 
tion, ibid. After a ^lendid en- 
tertainment he goes to a de-» 
hauch with MeHus^ which threw 
him into a hvtt^ ibid^ Iij the 
rage of which he takes a 
draught of wine which threw 
him into' a phrenzy, 32Z. His 
own joujnals of his ficknefsj 
ibid. No fufokions of h^s be- 
ing poifoned till fi;{ years rf- 
' ter his death, 323. 

Alexander^ a foldier in Alexandtt 
tkt Greaf'-B Armjr, IV; 301. 

2 JltX^ 

1 N © fi fc 

Jkxandert ftn enfiranchifed Oivt 

ofStraho, V. 276. 
Alexander ^ the fon of Demirius by 

Queen Z)^/V/0ffitf, V* 2^6. 
Akxaadery and CUofatra^ Twins' 
. of Cleopatra^s by Anthony^ far- 
named the fun and the moon 
V. 320. 

Alexander oX Antmh^ a friend of 
Antonysj V. 331. 

Alexander of Syrian Antony took 
him with him when he fled 
after Cleopatra^ V. 350. 

Alexander of Corinth ^ the husband 
ofNic^ea^WL 160. 

Alexandria founded by Alexander^ 
IV. 258. Prodigy uiat happen- 
jCd when the circumference of 
it was marked out, ihid. Its 
figure, 259. The library there 
burnt, 380. 

Alexandridesof Delphi^ anhidorian, 
iii. 198. 

Alexas of Z^r^^/V^tf, jilftly puniQied 
. for his infidelity, V. 356, 357. 

Alexia^ 2L town befieged by Cajar^ 
IV. 356. 

Ahxicratesj the chief cup-bearer 
to PyrrhuSy III. 61. 

Alexippus aPhyfician, to whom Alex- 
ander vjtox.^ a letter of thanks on 
Peucejlas*s recovery, I. 280. 

AHia^ famous for the defeat of 
the Romans by the GauUy I; 
341. The day of that defeat 
reckoned amongft the unfortu- 
nate, 343. 

Alopecej a place (b called from 
the many foxes that kennel 
in It, IIL 214. 

Alycus the fon of Sciron^ flain by 
Thejeus in the caufe oi Helen ^ I. 
44. . 

Akar,'baIlots taken from the altar, 
I. 303. II. 43. 

Allies ordered to depart put of 
J^fl^r^r V. 218. 

Amazons y their hiftory, I.'jj., 35. 
their wars, 36, &c. Their fepui- 
chres 9XMegara?j£d ^cotuffaa^ 

38. They affift Ae WlMises 
again* Pon^, PfT 1 jB.* The 
plate where they '^iih^itedy 
ibid, Hieir Qocaen'^ tfBf to 
Alexander fufpedlt^' i«y be a 

' Saion, IV. 285. '* ^ 

Ambailadbrs lent by the Kaiane 
to the Oauls who hedt^C^ 
fiitm^ I. 338, Violate the law of 
Tiations,339.Condemnbd by the 
FeciaUs, 340. Th^ injiifti^ of 
the people on that oocafion/^ii/. 

Amhidrfyc King of (he ixouli, fa«As 
Cotta and fltttirfks, IV. 354. 
put to flight by Ceefar^ ibid. 

Ambition cenfured, -JI. 467. III. 
69, 70. 220. 453. IV. 73. i82» 
203, 204. V. 125. Unfeafona^ 
ble in old age HI. 49. 144. 22 c. 

Ambufcade at Spartu, irhat, 1. 

Ambronesy march with the Teut9nis 
again* Marius, 111. izt. The 
regularity of their march, FV. 
73. Defeated by Marius^ 1*7, 
128. y 

Ameinteu the Phottaky one of ' 
Antigonu^s officers, comes to 
the relief of Sparta agaihft 
Pyrrbusy III. 97. 

Ameniasy the Decelidny and SeJIcles 
the Pediany their exploits in' 
a naval engagement againft die 
Perfiansy I. 300. * ' 

Aeneftrisy daughter of Artaxersiis^ 
married to her father, VL 

Amintiusy a friend of Cte/ar^ IV, 
381, 382. 

An^fusy an antient colony, of the 
AtbeniansyllL 330, Befieged by 
Lucullusy 329. Defended bravely 
by CdlUmachusy ibid. At length * 
takeij, itid. 

Ajnmon,' the %n of Pafiphd7y^ V. 
132, his -oracle coiifulted; hy 
Ly/andery III, 201. ^y Ciptinj^ 
J 66 . By *" the Athehiafhy i§ti 

"Ay Akxandery IV.'* 2co; ifio, 

8' • ^ ^. • » 

5 Ammo'^ 

2 H D B X 

the*- phiIo(b]^r> P&n 

^mxVt maifter, xv« His pleafant 

m^ncr of teaching his icholan 

Xfm, Sopp^i^ to be the only 

mafter PiMfurA lud, jucxi* 

Amnteus the Senator, his ikying 

. . tt) « ^^baadied peHon, V« c^ 

Jmahfui ^rianiQus mitiician* Vi« 

JiiM^fAittrUtUf a Sfartan officer, 
l][«.4o3* Uia refolute anfwei to 
faufanifft, ibid.' 

^Ipi/b^^his abominable ingim- 

titttdei treachery, and crodty, 

VI. 149, '&r« hated by the 

* people fi)r the murder of AgU^ 

■ VI. Hs? 

Jppbiaram$ veHes made in praiie 

of him apptied to Ariftidesi It. 

jSy^HisOrade, 411. 
AmfhkraUSj an Athenian Orator 

at the court .^ of TV^a^r/^ his 

pride, 4^|h and iepulchre. III. 

4Cw/^*^0AfA undertake the war 
againft the CirrHf^eans by the 
perfuafion of SeUn, L 212. The 

- remon^rance made to them by 
TJbemifiocUj, 306. Their decree 
againft the inhalHtants of the 
Me of Scyr0s, III. 284. 

Araul^t, or charm to cure diieafes 

Amulius deprives his brother Nu' 
mitor^^oi the Kingdom, I. cj. 
caufes Rmului and Remus to be 
expofed,*^ ibid. By whom he is 
uken and killed, 59. 

Amjelasf the nurie of Alciiiades, 
I. 127. II. 92. 

AmjfHtaSf his advice to Darius, IV. 

Ajmyntof King of Lyaconia fends 

forces to affiil AntMy^ V. 345* 

Goe? over to Augufius^^^6^ ^jlj^ 

Amyntas ient by Pi^/A^ to ihelts, 
VI, 392. 

Anacbarfo the Scythian, his con- 
meriation and friendlhip con- 
ttadbed with S^sn^ I« 207. 

Anaaes^ Kingv, why fb «|Icd, t. 

45- , 

Anahus tHdus%%^2Xxx[y ftrack 
by Cr^^ for eontradiding 
him. III. 464. 
Anarchy, .|he ,greatcft of evils 
that <an .attend a ftatc, IV. 
183. V. 85. 
Anaxagoras of CloKomene, the 
philofopher, (kid to have had 
ibemifiocles for one of his audi- 
tors, I. 282. The chief ii^ftruc- 
tor of VericUs, II. 8. Why 
called Inteiligence, ibid. Firft of 
the philofophers who denied the 
world to be the effeft of chancy, 
ibid. Refolves to ftarve himfelf, 
, and what he faid to Pericles^ 
who came to fee him, 26. His 
predidion, and error with re- 
iped to iiars. III. 190. His ex- 
plication of the lunar eclipfes, 
407. Thrown into prifon at 
Athens, and for what, ibid. 
Pericles forced to ufe all his 
intereft to get him releafed, 
Anaxarchus of Abdera, efteemed 
by Alexander, IV. 234, Hia 
rallerv on Alexander when it 
thundered, 2^1. His pernici- 
ous principles and arguments^ 
294, 295. 
Anaxenor, a harper, VL 307. 
Jnaxilaus governor of Byscantium, 
treats fecretly with Alcibictdes, 
II. 130. Accufed for it at Lace^ 
ditmon, his defence and acquis 
tal, 131, .132. . 

Anaximenes, an orator, V. 404. 
Anaxo, favifhed by Thejeus, I. 

Ancharia, the mother oiOffavin^ 

V. 3>5- 
Ancharius, murdered by Mariuis 

guards. III* 156. , 
Ancus Marcius, the Ion of Mar cm 

and Pon^ilia^ L 1 89. 
Ancylia,Romm targets, their form* 

and why (o named; I. .175. 

R 3 AndocidH 

t N D 

4ndMj04 the orator impiilbned 
by the Jtbmansf II* 115, 1.16. 
The advice given luai |)y 
^tpugm, lyhich faves hinii 1 1 6. 

J/idriMp a pablick repfiii amofigil 
the CrefAi^Si L yjp. 

Jndfckcnt . Hifpims aad Meamier^ 
their faithful iervice .t0 Pjnfnu 
when dp In&i^t» III» ^7. ^ 

^ttJwles the oratoohisaCQufation 
of MciiiAdes for 4efacijig the 
ipiages, Ji|. 115. 

^tulrocUdes oppofes fhe Spartan 
interefi in Thehu% III. 293. 
. c^c^pes and is ^ritenced to per- 
petual baniihmenty ibid. Mur- 
dered at ^/>&M/ t»y the vci^x^. of 
Ln^ntidas^ 294. 

^ndr^Udm acccii^ of having been 

. corrupted by iHeKiag of Peir/7((7, 

. lil. &09* 

^itdroclid€i?^AngeluSy two faithful 
i^rvia&ts by vi^i» FyrrJms wa^ 
preserved when an ioiant* lIL 5 7 

^dtHotm Kiog oihdia, prefents 
£ve ^Mindred ^kph^nts at once 
to Sekucuj, IV. 306, Sees ^<?^T 

; wid&iu JMi^ ^07. 

d^roffOHs .a HerOk Arifiide^ or- 

„• deced by i<^^ tp/acrifee to 
hiiii^ IL 4QQ. . 

^i>vO^> a painter at IM^u IL 

^ndrogtu^ Siitrdered treacheroufly 
r<^ th# 'C0'n£ae» <tf Aui^^ and 
^ grei^t^alamitie^ tlkcJiheni- 
mi filtered thereby, L i^, 
. Gam^tin^byt^ to hipi by A^r 
^0i» 1 6. 
Andramaabe^ pi^iH'e of hoc paft? 
..iSng with //ft^fr> VI. 7.^. , - 
^ndromacbus^ governor of Tcturo- 
.-menium in ^ifiiify% fitfher of Ti-. 
maus the hifl^iani l(. ^so;. 
c1^i$ jilfiiee» /^*i41i^ Spirited an- 
fwer to the Gitrtbcigiui^n amr 
\i)a&d<Nrs9 «d6» ; . r. . 
^dremaehusi hifl tseachei^r :and 
• ' 4biitagc»as tsi b?^W^ Cfii|^/> 

.W-'fs?* ^r 

of the Jfim^n Gaiaes, L 54. 
4fdroiucus the Rb^im made in* 
dexes or ^blet to the Mining) 
^ijfir\ftatk JMid Tkfophr^^ III. 

Jbidrot^ theanfwer oftiidQs iiknder^ 
. to Tbfmiftoclest I, 307 . A colony 

Oiffive hundred menieut lUther 

hy J*ericlest lU 18. 
Angel^t^ fee An^rnlidti^ . - 

4niciu4 Lucius feizes Gentium King 

o£ JU^ia in the ipidft of iaa 

doninions, II. 254. 
Aaimab hew they ought toi^ be 

nied, II. 432. The fBo0: &arfu| 

are the hardefl to be tamed> VI, 

Afiimals, fome fee dearly by 
night, and ut blind im the day 
time the awfe fof it^ VX. C54, 

Anitis^ a name givep to jPiama, 

, VI. 140. 

Anniverfary in honour of thofe 
flain at the battleof i^^uye^ II, 

^mus bjT diecDamandof iy^vy'tf/ 
nuurders Martui Jmomu^ t^ 
orator, HI. i^^, 

Jnfiius Cmi^s ie«ic by Sylh 4^ainft 
Serteritfs^ IV. lo^ 4 1. 

4f'9f^i GalhiSt one of Otbal's ^boj 
rals, VI. 234. Marches «o the 
relief of Ctenma^ ^35. Hia 
lidviceto 0/^0, ^37, 

4pw¥s ^-i/usf a fubtk diljpotittt, 

. ki&fj^uc&ion to Tiberiu^r0ccJ!f^^ 

V. 198, 14^4 

4»t^W9 the wucftler flain .by 
Hercules, I. 12. Wherp iaid'tq 

. be bttiied, y. 1%. The k»^ 
of his body, ibid 

jfyi0gomf of Cbifis ht6 behavioiu^ 
to Faufamat^ II. 41 8* 

4ntdcidasr his^fafiog to Agt/^idms 

II. 1 22, 304. .IV. IP4. Greatly 

Jlionouted ' by the £grfiaiu^ 

.§a2. Sent 4)y 4he Z^fedifr 

moniam ito Titib^ams^ tm^^tK^t 

IN D^ B x: 

U^edb^rikitpeaoeyi^/t/. The 
an^wsr }» maae to a boafting 
Athmttott^ toi . Sends ^way his 
child^n to Cythera left the/ 
ihould be takes by the eDemy, 
iinJ* hi the Intere^of -^r/^ur^rt- ' 
*er, VI. 134* 'The fon of Z^^», 
ibid. His chJMia^ery i^/V. Starves 
himfelf to death, 135. 

Aniemnatei^ defeated by Romuhsf 
L 73. 

Antbaaocritus the Atbenian hemld^ 
ient to Lac^^^mw and the^ A£f- 
aarianSf U. 41. The AU^i^rmiu 
S)fpe£ted to be guilty of his 
4ieadi> and what the jtbeniaus 
did on that account^ ibid. &c. 

^«/i60»thedaughtepp£^wi4/rWj.5 3 . 

Aittias and Vuili^M made Praetors 
by the intereft of Pompiy, ly. 
179, 180. , . 

Aittiateiy their territories attacked 
by Cominiut, II. 1 57, their wars 
with the Romania 1 63, 164. 

Anticato^ an anfwer if^riten by 
C^r to Cicera^s panegyrick on 
C41/C, IV. 3S5. 

Anticrates the Spartan kills Epami* 

m»das in battle, IV. 10c, io6« 

. Rewarded for it» J04. He and 

his poiierity exempted from all 

tax^Sy ihi4. 

A^icjra a miibrefs 6EDemttniiSiY . 

Aa/^eites, a chief officer of ti»e 

jS'gyrafpiiiesj IV. 5p.,. Envies 

Euaunesi ibid. C^nTpires againfl: 

. hio)» 56. Pot to death by Anti^ 

gotms^ 60. 

A%tigepis baniiked from court by 

Ak^nder^ and^why^ W. 316. 

Hia charader, iM, .¥&r4fiysdf 

317* * ** * 

jfyiilffmdas^ hiSiOpfnJQn of mviickt 
. Vlt i4,c, t* > 

Jbaigongi t^e ^ghter of 'i^fvii/Vf 
' i)f .P&'^ ^er fi^ hosbandy 
mamed tx^Pyrtlmh 'HI- •^^• 
Ag^^huoit Pj^% bWMJ&l Wo- 


eaii» takenprifeneraf Dmttfkifp 
and given to PklotaSf V. ^8^, 

Antig^ms, the naaie of ' a ftevy 
tribe added by the Atkihians^ 
in honooK ofAntf^tis^ V. .:94^. 

Antigonusy ^he fHoft powerful of 
AUxanderh fuccollbrs. III, 77. 
a noted faying of his before 
the fea* fight near Atidr&Sf 132^ 
Hischarader^/^rri^/, IV. i^, 
to what he compared him* 59; 
refufes to obey the orders ho 
received requiring him to ti»r 
bliih Eumtnes in C^padocia^ IV. 
38. Joined in commiffion with 
Antipater to carry on the war 
againft him, 44. Gets letters 
difperfed in Ettmenes's Camp, 
of&ring a reward to the^- wnp 
^opld kill Butnenest and de- 
feats him> 45. Surprized at his 
courage and conftancy, ibid. 
His faying upon Eumiaes's re- 
fuiing to &iae his baggage wiien 
it was in his power, 40. Beiie^ 
hini in the citadel of Nora,- ii. 
&c. Oifers peace to Eum^nes, 
49. Reproves the M^^^mmt 
for admitting Eumenef to altfr 
the form pi the oaths 50. Der 
feated by Evmenes at the river 
PaJhigHs^ f ^. The adi^anUes 
he reaped from Eum^nes-s fick- 
tekf S3* ' What he faid on 
Sttmniis being carried in a lit- 
ter, tL Retreats from Emmuu 
Hid, Deceived by the ibatagems 
o{Eumt»s, <5, 56,. His lA&n^ 
p^ defeated^ but his cavalry 
xilbtained the vidory, 57. Hi« 
.prjef^nce of mind, ibid^ Qfkn 
to deliver op the baggage he 
had taken to ^e Argyra^des 
-if they would furreiider Ettme^ 
nit to 'him^' ibid. How he order- 
:ed Mwn^H^i 10 he kept wkeo 
he had him in his power, 59. 
Eumentt executed by his direo* 
ti0n, and Itis body given cd hia 
. £ciends, 60. Detefts a^d pumftes 

4 ' th^ 

1 VN ;it> *;EMr Xl 

«f Ac AQyrtijjf4deJI,ihiiti His 

1i^4pi^ « ifi Itts idsarcl irV^ 
235. Safpeds MftbMdiaies vOn 

f^Ctt^tia' {entim^tSyV V: -238, 
{439vMarch^ a^yft ^tdktofj^ 
*;948. 'His ralleiy i^^pQit bi3 ^> 
'V'i '1^9^ '8ec»«tL«l >his iooundls^ ' 
ji$9j 3^. A'greftCidkeiaddn in 
him before the battle of \^^/, 
^M KilM ia'. the engagement, . 
^6oi Uis death 'JTOl^tted by a 
peafim* of i'i6r)'^/<r;^V.' 50. 
^mtigHiUs Gptiattu the ion of Bi- 
mt^iuj ^ovcrtif inMa^dottf III. 
9lt. «iefcatc4 ^y Pfrrbus^ ibi^. 
wAiti to .«^iyw by AHftifpus^ 

fj. The- anfwer hd ferit to 
^yrrbusf g^r Repines his ion 
jfkyffms for bringing Pyrrbu/s 
)ieadtohim, 103. Buries i^rr- 
]&i;r/ with dae ^emnity, ibi^. 
His ' civil treatment of HeUms 
•Jiheian of Pyrrbuii ami all his 
jchiefoftcersy 104. His concern 
atfhis faAer's. captivity, V. x%j^. 
iAnd ibrrqw «foF his deatii, zS^ . 
Pefiroos td gain Amfus to his 
iniierellt c^^a r^der him ill- 
pufted to P$okmyy V 1 . 1 5 9. His 
earneft de^re^ ro make himfttf 
JAflfter of the^otadel of C^JsrMy 
^6(y. His' fucccft in thslt enter- 
•priz^v and his indecent joy 
thereupon, i6iv His deadly 176; 
JintigoHus III. deql^red ' Qener at 
of A the ^dcb^$^ lafiAs np^ 
hayinS th0 citadel of^ QtriMh 
diBlivtred into his. b$i||3sy Vt. 

i8i. The r^4- ibq^M % 
him to Jf^tu^-iB6c The ^- 
jceffi^ honoars' paidlhitti by tht 
^buf^i i9^. Ret«t!P»s intf Aftst 
<e4mat^ where Jnt: diesii «dedla»^ 
ing P^^ his gfaodj^r his fi|<> 
coSor, ii^o.-. :"^ -» . •' •'.- ^>^ 

)p^^iil^ ii^iC&e iM 

ISfegi^&t filfitstfd thatrnt^fpifil 

*te'ions.d«A*,cyi?3jafles^'vv .^; 

JnHMhw th^Tpoet ^afossia'paii^ 

is^^^ndfdly rcnvilrMk^ilb 199^ 
4i^m4ciwt if Qebphen, uititdi 4 

pa6iftHn:fi9taifirQfi£j^&^ IH. 

^t9&:199»:: r* '..i ••' 
4nttocb in iK^r^jM^^m^ by the A^ 

himanr^W JM^l^ IH. 351, 

(;0iiunends himftlf to-ijffirii^Mk^ 
by catching his'quail, II.'i ao.en*;r 
tarttilcdby inrri^/Aib widitheconin 
inand of thp fle<|t» 136. defadh 
iedlsmd kiUed by Ly/ander^ 137, 

4ntiocbus of Afad^n^ the dodnne 
of 1^ <44 acadeipy taniht 11^ 
his fchool, ill. 463. Qnita tlife 
dodirine <^ f he new ^icademy, -^ 
VII.' 412. JHi/»/ a gttiit ^- 
mirer of him, VI. 57.- • 

4ntmkus the - gre^ at ^ar. wWt'^ 
the Romans^ II. ^44. ,t^eact to 
Hannibal the moil- dreadfo^*^. 
enemy of the R^jmeats, 44a 
defeated by tht Romanst 443, 
trifles away his tikne avCM-^ 
yisi 111.^20. Aims* -at the oni^ - 
v^frfal^tnosiarchy, 37. Bein^ d^ 
feated at Tbermofy/e, effibarksli^r 

Jntiochus the fon of iSektioir by 
Jfamia, V. '262. -In love mi& 
his lather's ^r^e* Strittoma^ 
the hiUp^y and ^citds*of that ^ 
p«|fliofi, V. 268, ape. . 

Anii9cbtu Sing of ConanagenalHs^ 
£tge44>y Fmtielim, tfae-Juosfs 
of that fiege, y. 318; »•-/•{« 

Aniitift the^' Amax»n given .'. to*^ 
The/ens for the f^wahi of h|8 

Aiuiolus thefon of £^iir^^ !• ijb, 
'/df;il^>i^^,t^whai'iirwrotefto i^jt-'* 
fl«4y in praife of>:^rji00ftir, . H. 
192. 464. Ddent^ ' by tlTe 
4re(i/fifni »in- THbeJafp,^^L 27^ . 
His infolf j^, and btoiitalieyi 
t9^* ilfani co&ditkutt' inm^efr v 

I / N ^ D '" E ' X. 


is wife anfiiferHo MW/0^ i^. 

^^anii 'l!|«^ f^7i ^e jk>vi«f 
of his doqi^tw:^* ij^^'tMiqi- 
detibd by die 6mtm'^^^'^ld»' 

? n- 

Vfr, III. 62. His ch|va£U9^(tf 

dam; iti. r6o; His piiloi^pHi* ^ 
cal levies/ to" Vt^hom dedi- 
catedi V. 191. w. .. ., 

4ntipaitr k£ ^yr9y "a ftofcii]pir^Oi> 
ii^plier, Vfj 447. \ '-' ' ^ 

Jntifhatn'f a favourite of T>^ 
mfiktkij i. 304; '^ 

Ansipi^k^^AtbthHn comm^der, 

4ntip1»moeakdL'hfDemftktne^i V. 

^89;Goiideniiied,f^. a %ii)g of 

his, 311;' • 

Atitifhoy iib iRveftire againft 

AlcibidieSyVL ^Af. 
4kt^ftna^on \axidij ^ vile co6i^ 

pony thatvxecuted ^\Sulpitiui*^ 

onkrs; 111/227. 
AntifihtniSt a ikying of his on the 

Theb^ns after the battle of 

LtuSraj I. 149, What he fjdd 

Antiftia the d^aughter o^ Ani^Jliut 

piAjnt^ io femf^^ IV. 118. 
' Difonred, 122, I2j. * 
Anfifiia. tiie'vnft^fApfiittCl^udiuti 

said fnodverof C/aM&t, V.i^6. 
4ntifiius the pr^tor ni&rries his 

^nbghter to ponfe9; JV. 117. 

imraibred for eipbulihg ins 

intereft, 123; 
Anfifiiar'-pnpit^r-ht Spain, lY. 

3.30* '••'•• -• •<'■•<-'• 

Anitfiius 9 fej^-ofH^jBr thkt JofRttd 

Aniai^u -ikxr " dfti^htei^ of ^ Min^ 
Mnton^ by Oltivia, married %o 

AnronioTi' xJtiexaxtift of*CkdpMtri^ 

' ^toihai'fhipw'V. 344. '• ^' ' ^ 

Mi>-i'-^«»jg^ trfti^fc,' V. 1504, 
^»/o«i0i'the"Cnp/w»y the fathn* 
of M4rk Aktm^y 14s ctoa^r^ 
VI.' 287, ■'.' • •' '• ->-' 

Antsnim Cum,' (^ the hr^thekffE 
l/tarcnsi defeated by ^iatb^ 
fon, VI. '80. > fun^Adcftred to 
Bfutut, ikpttC to death, v&avc*^^ 
Antonius Ma^^ui, prefen^ a'^a^ 
dem to Ca/arylV, J92. A dtik, 
cree of the iennte agaidft InM 
and his febily, V. 462. Beil^ 
faved by Brutus efcapes in'^a 
difgoifti VI,' 72. Th^ks &. 
creed }Bam by the fefiate, 7^. 
His funeral'Oi*ation in praife -of 
Ca/iir^ and the effedts it had \iji- 
on the people, 74. His fpeech 
to the fttldiers upon the tritk 
puft upon them byLudHius, 10*4* 
The honours paid by him to 
the dead bbdy of Brufus, i oy* 
His family, V. 287. Grotmd 
of his enmity to Cicero, i%^ 
His exorbitant debt and nat^ 
tachment to Clodiut; ib. 'Com- 
mands the horfe under Oabi^u$ 
in Syria, 2%^. Perfuades the 
Geneiial to march' to the re^ 
lief of PteUmy in MgypU ib* 
Hi$ ex))ioits there, 296. His 
perfbn aiid de^nt ^om Hertu^ 
Us, ib. Hif tetnper, 2^1. Made 
iit^ triboife of the j^eople, and 
Augitt,^ by"^the 'intereft ^ of 
iS^ridi ib. His teal for C^fit^t 
inWell;' i^/i^.' toifitnanded to 
kav&^the ^nte^ 'iAf ^^ Uimhis% 
2^t.(^^iR&m in ^ dffgui^; 

and repairs to Ca/ar'iib. Ckim-* 

^kevri^y^ife took to 'in^i»i^ 


I N D. B X* 

kighly cfteeme4 by C<c/^i 294- 
Ti>e dangers he encountered at 
1^ for the fake of J^^ilenii^ to 
join Qe/ar, ibid. Makes him* 
ielf mailer of Li^u^t ibid. Has 
tb^ coipmand of the left wing 
^f Cuffir's array ^t the battle 
of Phar/aliat ibid. Jealous of 
JJoUBeilif, ^95. His. riotous 
soanner of living, 295 , 29$. 
buys Pompey^s houfe» wmch wa» 
p«lt up to aq£iion, 296. Re* 
forms and marries Fuhia^ ib. 
Her power over him, and the 
' inethods ufed by him to divert 
Jker, 296, 2^7. The motives 
given by h^m to thoie who 
coafpired againft C^^r, z^y. 
His behaviour upop Cajarh 
xmirder, 299. Calphurnia de- 
jpofites her treasure in his hands, 
joo. The ufe he made of 
C^e/ar^ papers, ih. His beha- 
viour to Oiia'vius C^/ar, - 00, 
501. Meets him inthecapitol, 
where matters are accommo- 
dated between them, 301. I& 
declared an enemy to his coun- 
try* ib. Driven out of Italj by 
Uirtius and Pan/a, ibid- Hi* 
great cohflancy in his ad verity, 
30 2> Gains the army under 
Leplduji and his behaviour 
thereupon to that General, 302, 
.. S-OJ* Keturns into Italy at the 
icad of ^ powerful atmy, 303. 
His conference with Lepidus 
. ;K«.d Auguftm^ ibid. His barha- 
' lity with r^fpe^l to Cicero^ 304. 
. Shares with Augufius^ the tr.ea- 
fure^d command of the arm.^*, 
305. Defeats CaJJius in the firll 
^ngagemeiu at Philippic 306. 
Has the honour of the fecond 
vidory, thi4* Orders Hortenjlus 
' to be flain upon his brother's 
' tomb, thids pafles into ^'AJia^ 
306/ His . enjtiy iiito Ephejfust 
' where he. is fluted ^hy the 


name pf J?4irfW^ 3W- Tfce 
prefent ha ix^a<t. Al§ sfxlk^ for 
wrell dre£ii|g his ^^BPf^' i<>^* 
His great .con£dence Ia^^^ he 
emillqyed, ibi4. ]^ difpofi* 
tipnin gfner^l, jo8,,5P9. Or- 
ders Qieff/f/ra tQfUtfnd Aim in 
CtlidOf 309. .Sop9^,»dth her, 
and Is furprifed at th^ M^^^" 
ice^ce of the en(er|&iii||inent» 
a I a Suffers hlmtblf , (a be led 
by her to Alexandri^^^ |l I . The 
life he lead there^ ^i'^* i5fc„ 
.Receives two ^lc&n^tx^ of ill 
news at the fame tyme* 314. 
His accoinodation with Ca/ar, 
and the triumvirate formed be- 
twixt them two, and Ltpidus, 
'315. Marries O^aina^ Coj/ar's 
filler, iMi The meeting be- 
twixt him, Afigt^uSf. and Sex- 
tui Pompeius^ 316. Made prieft 
to JuUuf Ch/at, ibid. Uneaiy 
when with AuguftMs, ^d why, 
J 1 7. Departs with OSa^ia into 
Greece, ipid* His behaviour fit 
Athens, ibid.. His treaty of 
. j^xpmtDodation wjth Antmhusp 
310* S^sfor //^, 3 so. The 
^ terms of agreem^t betwixt 
him and Cafyr, 320. Sends 
^ fqr Cle^fLtra to meet him in 
^r/'a, ibid. His extr^vag^ 
prefents to ber, ib, Cau&s Anti-- 
,gonus King oijudaa to be be- 
headed, j(^/i^ Other inilanc^ of 
his extrky»gf^(ffipjbf(i^ Imitates 
th? anciemt^ JCinjgf ^f Per^ 
J2i», Sends' CJeepa/r^. into 
J^gypt, and marcKes againfl the 
Pfirthians^ ibid. /The. number 
of iiis forces, and t&e ill ufe he 
rn^de of them* 322. I^ys iiege 
to Phraaia, lb. Xlje diflSjculties 
, he met w^th .in tl^tjC^^, ^\id^ 
'jjn^jpofcd^pon hyPkraates, 3*3. 
*. enable through grief, to rbi^pn- 
^ ffip his ari?iy, ,3f% Thc.iJ*ffi- 
"xultiea hpmet/Vy^ if^ his^e- 



t N D E X. 

^ dktt wottgded fotdier», tnd 
their afit^on to hm, 32$. His 
prayer ito thv gods, 329. The 

, extremities to which hk umy 
h reduced, 330, i^. Prevented 
by Mititijatfs from l>eiAg a 
fecond dine, impoibd opon by 
ihe'P^u^am 331, 332, Aa 
Bpmar in the army, and the 

" caufedflt, 333. He arnres at 
the jiirer Ataxestx^^, The I0& 
he iafUiBed in this e:tpcdit]oa 
j35» jirtanjqfiief King of Ar^ 
fnenim «hargH widi it, Whom 
thereorie he ]ed in triumph a( 
Alexandtia, tt>id. .His impati-r 
cnce to ktCleopatra^ 335, 336. 
Mirries one of his (xms by 
Ckof0tra to the King of Mtdias 
daughter, 337, 338. Thcpre- 

. Ibmplaiotts pahition he made a- 
mong hbchiftdcen hy Cleefatraj, 
138^ His charge agaioft Ci^, 

339. Grfar^t ttfSy, ihid. He 
moftershf} feet at Efhrfus^ 

340. Thenotous life he 1^ 
ivith Ckop^a at Stmun^ ib. 
^ndat^/^»j, 341. HecompH- 
inents Cleopatra in die saos of 
the Athniam «t the head of 

tdieir deputation, iM Divorces 
OSwoia^ tiiid. A great overfight 
Ifitk hito, ibiL His teftament 
depofitted with the veftai vir- 
gins, 342. Some of the con- 
tents of it» Aid. Pretends to 
derive his pedigree froxsi Hircu- 

' kf, 344.Himighty forces both 
by iea and land, t4^. In what 
manner his nHics were nnn- 
niddi iM. Challenges Au^i^ut 
to iingle ooad>at, 346. His iba- 
tagetn, iki. His ^neroos car* 
tiage to Bmnitius^ ib. In danger 
of hft^ iHzted, 347. Sets £re 
to all' the JBgyptian Ihips but 

' -finy; 3)^. Aii old foot-ofBcer'a 
^eedi toUm, 346. Abandons 
^i> tiO JbUow Ck^atra, 3^0. 
(Soes aboard her ihip, slid. 

{£$ behivionr there, ihid. He 

orders Canidius to march whh 
the army into 4$^* 351* Hia 
munificence to his friends prtl^ 
iing them to leave him, ibid* 
Thd lofs heiiMlained in the fight 
at ABium^ and the inviolable 
fidelity of his army, 352, He 
lends Cia^atra bade to ^Qpt» 
and betakes- himfelf to a deiert» 
353, His defpair and return to 
Akxandria^ ib. He renounceth 
the iomxy of mankind, and 
takes upon him to imitate the 

, life of Timo9t, 354. Quits, his 
retreat and returns to his de- 

' foauches, 3.55, Sends ambaA- 
iadcrs to C^e/ar in Afia^ 356. 
His behaviour to Thyrewy ^d 
the letter he fent by l^iih to 
Aitguftusy 357. Sends him a 

. (Aallenge, 328. His fieet and 
cavalry defert to de/ar^ 359. 
His rdentment and behaviour 
when he was tpM that CUofatra 
was dead, 360. His dying 
words to that Prinoefs, 361* 
His age when he died, 3I68. 
His children by his thrfc wives 
369. His advantages over Z><« 
metrius, 370, &c. Compared to 
Fjtris, 372. 

Ataoniusy the ion of Antony by 
Ful'via, his credit with Augidiui^ 
V. 369. 

Antyilius, a lidor, his iniolence, 
V. 220. Murdered by the 
i&iends of C. Graccus, ibid. ' 

Aaiyllus, AMihvyh eldeft fon by 
fuhia, betrayed by his tutor, 
and put to death, V. 363. 

Aaytusy the fon of Ant/tef^on, how 
iecved hy Alcihiades at an en- 
tertainment, it 26t6.thefirftthat 
bribed the judges ztAthensy 345^ 

Aottiusy or Abiuiusj the fon' of 
iRamuliu and Herfillfi, J. "67, 68^ 

AftOML the danghfter.i^f u^r/^z;K!^r- 
xei^t given in marriage to ihar-^ 


i II O E K 

A^nut, thednighter of drtaimus^ - he ttait^^^tWj^ fSHm^rM, 
Bsd Mtt m BarSuey |^en Jntrodaced W€€g%r^^^^ 

AftMay a Ftr^k^ Jadyv the wife ^. of orations' Wrkteiy'^r^iiitfif? by 

4>f ^/rvriri,. bjrHwbom be bad 

- Anthehuiy V. 06** * 
AfellesAs^ AUxarder^t pidnre, 

'•iV. 328; HIb ^ftii^M-iie at the 
beaQt3rof PftfflfDitt'i jsduntingy 
V. 252. ' AdauKed • into the 
ichiPDl of fainteys at Sicy^n, VI. 

yjjM^Vwv^the' TetioMj his library 

takcnby ^y/«,ni. 251. 
Ap^mtmtusj what he fiiid 10 Timcn, 
' and Tiwm's anfwer, V. 3 J4. 
Afhdpfan Arcb^n at Atbtnsy ill. 

Afhiinai the place to which fi^^- 

^ttf feht ^^(Pff to be kq>t by 

bis mother, I- 42. 
Afhidnusy a friend of Thefeu^^^ I. 

^oi&>, the daughter v^ Agefilaus 

by C/ptfr^, V. 86v 

Afdhmd$i fent "by ^S^iteftfrj^corl)/. 

metriusf V. 283; '^^ "f'^^-* ' 
ApoO^nides die ^oic, a friend ^bf 

Gi/tf^tht younger, V. WMr^ 103^ 

105. • ' . '. \. 

AfoikiUus a tjrhuit in Hbfop^uMa^ 

IV. 438. 
ApoUomus MpUf Ctefar aotl 

C/V^p were his auditors, IV. 

328. A celebrated rhetoridm^ 

y. 413* His fpeecfa to<?ft«r#> 

ibid. ' • 

ApoUophams procnres) a conference 

between PbatnahasiMx^tBaAj^i' 

ftlausj IV. yjj 78. ' .' ' ? 

Aponiusy a noted ini^Mliery bow 

put to death, VI. 207. > 
Apoibeta^ a place at Sportorwhcfh 

they expoi<:d dtitdxen nac fit 

to be reared, I. 126. 

A^olhDelpbinitts, to whom Tbf/eus Apparition (aid to be ieen by 

&Cf i^d the ball of Maraibon, 
1.15. The laurelled ApoUa^ I. 
jfffilo TegyrttSf IL 305, 
^jy^ LyiiuSy the.behavionr of a 

prieflefs of his at Argps^ llf. 99. 
^til^ l^hurimy his temple, HI. 

j^^Uof his temples plundered by 

thepyrates, IV. 141, 142. 
Apollo^ the name of an apartment 

in £»rW/^/8 bode, III. 362* 
Ap^h Pythim, hJs temple at ilfr- 

• gara^ V. 307. 
Ap&ihcr^tityXk'^ eldeft fon of Dimy- 

jSust VI. 36.. Sunrenders the 

caftle of Byrncuje to i>iMr, and 

went off to his father, 47, : 
Ap6il^fus Qfivemor <if kahykn^ 

IV. 3194 ~ 

Ap^lltAcr^ Pbaier€usi his. «3Clra- 

vagant>adsiiratioB> of Soauuu^ 

.V. 84.:>- • •. ^*.' .5.. 

Apf^Uoddrm the ^Hlian^ the means 

Brutus^ IV. 402. VL ' 89, 90. 
apparition feen by /)i»«, VL 
51. apparition oi Tbeftus icen 
at the batde of MsrmbBn^ L. 
47. Apparitions feen at Ch^tre^ 
«ftf, where a mniderhad been 
committed. III. 276. The 

'« Epuuream opinion -of appari^ 
. dons, VI. 90. 

Applaufe the difierent efie£b of it 
II. 146. . ^ 

Appiusy Competitor with- S^^ 
J^riemnu^ for theLofice of 
cenfbr, II. 282. . <( ..-^i 

Afpins^ his falie account to /?Mf- 
/£y: of .Ci$/2ri> aad^ of. Jns da- 
tereH inthesutHy naider^ig^Mi, 
coaunand, iV. C87*. J V )t.4! r. 

j^mr,^Pfastor ef tiWiiKani^lW. 

Appii(i.GJaadiusi, hk itenoi^baiidb 

to she Jlfoatev II. <^ idf.^sl&^^^o. 

Appi^.£liflilfMmr fitdmlof »^jSU«fo> 


I M I> B X 

Oracau, V. i86. 
ufffift* Cku^t a M<«, his gveiit 
. power and repacation, L 598. 

retires t9 Ropu with &ve tbou- 
.; land fiunilies, 398* Is made a 

ienatory ibid. - 
Jl^$ Cbdius9 6nt by LmimUms to 

Tfgranes, to require him to de* 
' liyer up Mitbridatesy IIL 328, 

3,29. Ifia condttd in that em- 

hafly, 332, &C, 
jfffius P'arus left governor in 

Xii^tf by Pempij, ¥.93* 
Aqaeduds at jitiensf I. 318. 
^SfitiUajft^ confpire aeainil the 

common wealth in behalf of 
. Tarqmn^ 1. 250* Condemned 

and czecoted, 254. 
J^mltMs SL tribune, V. 8 1. 
Jquiliui M^euSf why caUed by 

Cicero Adrafius-t V. 439. 
Aqmmuf one of 'Mtteihu^ Lieo- 

tesanta, defeated by Sertorius, 

IV. 18. 
Arabs decoy Demetrius with his 

army into the defartSy Y. 237. 

Defeated by Demetrius ^ 2)38. 

Bum Ckopatrc^B Galiiesy 353. 
Aracus^ had the title of Admiral 

of the LacedetMnian floet^ but 

the power was in Ly/anderf III. 

AratiuiMf the tomb of Aratus -fo 

called, VI. 197. 
Aratus drives the tyrant Nscocles 
' from Sicyhny III. 4. Firft railed 

die- reputation of the Acbaa^^ 

10.. Made General . of the 

Achaansy V. 136. The reafons 

why he let the enemy pais 

without ^£ghting them, 157. 
.Attacks tslie Arcadians^ . xAff* 

defpifes Clesmenes as ayonthja^r/. 

Miicarmcs ia^ deiign to furpri^^ 

Tegea, ibid. Takes Cafbue,i\^id. 

ftwiimiabted by the bravery of > 

CJeoji/e^fi^S, Takes MauiiMat 

ib^Uis>ordcunot beisg Qbeye4*^ 

atay » Domed/ 149^ 
Aifes CO command the anny 
one year when his ooontry was 
in great. dai^er> 157. fieiiig 
je^ous of the gWy- of Cjeo" 
menes he invites ue Mtcedtdams 
into Gr«rr<9 i;8. Re&fes the 
money ofiered him to deliver 
up the citad^ of Can'we^t x6i, 
162. His grief for die cif/of 
MfgalopoUs being taken aii^e* 
ftroyed by Geomenes^ 167. The 
ion of Clim'aSf who . was xoi^tfr 
dered by Abantidas when Ara* 
tus was but &vei) years oldy V I^ 
146. Conveyed iecredy. to 
Argss^ 147. His hatred t0. 
tyranny, ibid. His attempts to 
deliver his country from cyrftitr 
nyy ibid*. &c The difficulties 
that attended the enterprule» 
15U His iuocefs, 152. Hii 
pradence, 153. And generous 
behaviour, : ibid. His charadei'^ 
ibid. &Q. Embarks lor Sgypt^ 
155. His recsrption there^ 1.5$^. 
The great ditferettee between 
him and other commandci'Sy 
157. His remarkable modem- 
tion, ibid. ChofimGeneralof dui^ 
Acbasaust 1^9. tA fecond timfr^ 
chofen Qelieial, ibid^ Tajau 
the citadd'of CorivtJ?^ 1 66, Hiiv 
oradon to the people, ibid. 
Seizes on the King's Oiips aa(|> 
horfes in the haven oi.Le<JHm»9 
167. That adion called th« lafiw. 
of the GtaHan exploit^- Hhid^ 
The good eon£bquences rfit^. 
ibid. Releaies the At/stniof^ 
prifoners'. without xaaiom, ib. 
Brings Pr^ijua^ into the Acbasn 
loLgvti ibid. Is chofen General 
every otjier 7ear, 168, XTfider^ 
takes to^deliv«n>^/^dr from. th^» 
tyranny cf Ariflomackjn^ ibid. 
In' what n^anner he conVeyje^ 
.acma thitheroito^iius' confide* 
rates, ibid^ Marches to xJrgfs^ 
'^ » '^ * . w ... - ..,": twhexeoi^ , 

f i;r 5 ft f. 

ivlietcott an atcufetibn was pre- 

*' tefred agamU the Achaant^ 

169. His pofteritjr remained in 

•' lionoor in Tluturcl/s time^ 

' 170. M^kes feveral attempts 

on Jr;j;oSf ibid. Lays wafte the 

cotmtry tffjrgosf 171. Accufed 

rf abandoning thtf' viftory, /^. 

; Hfe obliterates that falfe ftep^ 

* ih'd, Caufes the Nemf an gzmes 
' to be celebrated in the city of 

deency ibid. His implacable 
■ Iidtred to tyrants, 172. His 
' ftratagem to entice Jriftippus 
^ fo attack Ckone^ ib. Defeats and 
purfues him, ihi^. He thereby 
filences the jells that ^ were 
made on him, 173. What 
^e Philofophers in their diA 
' pntes faid of him, ibid. His 
defigns agahift Lyjiades the ty- 
rant of Megalopolis^ ibid. His 
pradent condvft againft the 
; jEtolianSf 1 74. He attacks the 
enemy in Pellene and defbats " 
them, 175. His commentaries, 
ibid. Makes peace with the 
JEtoliansy 176. Endeavours 
to free the Athenians from the 
Macedonian yoke, ibid. The 
blame that was laid on him, 
and how he jofHfied himfelf, 
ibid. His attempts upon Athens, 
ibid. Defeated by Bjthis, ibid. 
In what manner he returned 
the ingratitude ofthe Athenians^ 
177. Carried to Athens in a 
litter, being called thither to 
• their affiftance, ibid. His nego- 
tiation with Diogenes of Athens ^ 
ibid, Ferfuades young Arifto" 
. machus to quit the tyranny, 
and to enter into the Achaan 
ffeagoe, 178. The efteem the 
Achaans had for him, ibid. 
A twelfth time darlared Gene- 
ral of the AchaanSy ibid. *De- 
' fcated'by Cleomenes, ibid. Makes 

• Iwmfelf mafter of Mantinea^ 
179. Marches to aM the Ms^ 

• gtthpoBtanf, bat>ef{lfe"<6 Jiglii 
y/\mCliomfnesy ibid. Ifhe troop* 

' *ngagiiig;butjDnrfuingtoofarartf 

• deft ated by Cfieamenesf tj q , 1 8o< 
' The defeat of ijj/foi^j owing td 
•' Ararus, *i 8d. The Aebaans re- 

fttfeto fupply him with mone/ 

• to carry on tne war, ibid. In* 
elined to lay down his com** 
mand, ibid. Defeats Magijlhonui 
snd takes him j^riibner^ ihidi, 
His reafons for irefufing to 
accept ofthe GeneraMiip, ibUi 
Blamed for % ibid. Wi com- 
plaints againft Cleomenes, iSzt 
condemns to death thoie that 
held a fecret correfpondenc€ 
vnxh Ckomenes^ 183 4 The 
great danger he was in at 
Corinth^ and how he iled to 
Sicjon, ibid. Again chofe Gene- 
ral of the Ach^ans, 1 84. The 
penfion paid him by Ptokmj^f 
and what Ckomenest>ffcred liim^ 
ihid. His anfwer to CltonunQi 
185. The Corinthians feirt 
his treaibre, and j^ivc his hpoie 

• to Cieomenes, ibid. Tlie rcfpcd 
Antigonus had 'for him» i86« 
extraordinary accident that hap-> 
pened to him at a &cri!ice^ 
ibid. He iiad no great faith 
in predictions, ibid. He marches 
to the Argi*ues who were in* 
elined to revolt from Cfeemenes^ 
1 87 . Chofen General by die Jiv 
gi^esy ib. Adrifes the givittg'to 
Antigonus the eflates m thfe ty- 
rants and traytors, 7il^ii^''^amed 
for fuffering Arift6mk&bus to be 
put to death, ^id. Xhamd 
with feverd things vly^ me 
peopie, i«^, "How eiifttfeS hy 
Plutarch, ibid. Bldriteil f6t 
changing the name ^oF'Hii^^city 

• Mahtinia to Antigemett,' 190* 
Defeated by 'the JBtMnns\ ip i * 
atcuf^ tTf ill obnjoa in iSat 
-war, tb^di Woireis Mnifclf to 
be an able minifler^ both in a 


I N 6 fi X. 

_ torn and comrion-w^^lth, 
192^ Envied by the courtiers 
of W//r>, 193. what he jfaid to 
f ^/% 19c. Withdraws himfelf 
from Pmp"* court, ibid. Re- 
fufes to fi^o with Philip into 
Epin^, ipjd. And utterly re- 
I nounces his fiiendihip, ibid. 

vernjiient» L 109. 
Archelaus one of Mithridate^^ 

feneralSf IIL 145. A pompoas 
efcription of his army, 23 Sf. 
Defeated by Sylla, 243, Make§ 
peace with Sylla^ 247, &c 
Quits Mithridates and declares 
for the Romans i 341, 

ppifoB^ by fhilif^ order ; Archelaus a merchant of* DeUum 

with what patience he bore his 
ficknefsy i^6. What he laid to 

. ^nfeofhis friends about it, 197. 
Dies in his feventeenth general- 
ihip, ibid. The oracle of Did- 
phi in honour of his memory, 
tbfd. His body brought in a 
Iblemn proceffion to ^icyon^ 
and buried in the moil confpica- 
Qus place in the dty, ibid. His 
tomb, called Aratium^ fkcnfices 
to his memory, whereof fom^ 
foot-fteps remained in P/«- 
tarcb*z time, 198. As did his 
defcendants, ibid. 

dfratus the younger, his wife 
corrupted by Philip, VL 194. 
What he faid to Philip, ibid. 
Poifoned by Philips and the 
tSk^ the poifon had on him, 

Ariaces, a Tidede, who de&rted Af* 
taxerxes in battle, how punifh- 
ed, VI. 125. 

'Arbeia, the great battle between 
Alexander and Darius not 
fought there, IV. 266. 

Arcadians^ why called Acorn" 
t<a$rs^ II. 14^, Defeated by 
Arthidamus \vithout the lo^ 
of oa^. Spartan^ IV. 103. 

jlrcadicfn year, I. 184. 

Atcadkis &id to be the peHbn that 
gittrdered Galha^ VI. 226. 

^iit'ce^iasu joins with Ampharis to 

^ bciray -<^^^, V. 140. 

)Arche*d£ntus th^ Ariolian. his rail- 
lery qix Plamininus, IIL 54 

brings overtures of peace from 
Archelaus the genekal. to SjUm^ 
III. 247. 
Archelaus the poet wrote, a 
poem in praife of Cimou^ IIL 

Archelaus King of Cappadocia bk 
Antonyms army, V. 345, 

Archelaus i his obfequies honoura> 
.bly performed by Antony, VL 

Archelaus a captain of the guards 
XoAntigonujy.Wl, 165, Taken 
prifoner by Aratus, and dii^ 
miffed, 167. 

Archeptolisy one of the ions of 
Themiftocles, I, 3I0. 

Archeftratus the poet faid Greece 
could not bear two Alcibiades*% 
II. 1 10. At what time he lived, 

ArchiaSf one of the Theban pole- 

, marchs, murdered with Lton* 
tidas, II. 300. IV. 91. 

Archias, the high prieS at Athens^ 
fends an exprefs to Archiat of 
Thebes f to difcOver a confpiracy, 
IL 299. 

Archias an Athenian captain called 
Phygadotberas, or the exile- 
hunter, V. 404. 

Archibiadesj sl great afiefler of 
the Spartan gravity, V, '12. 
In what manner reproved by 
Phocton, ibid. 

Archibius, his value for Cleopatra 
and his generoiity on her ac- 
count, V. 368. 

ArMdus^'^Sng of SfdrtOt a fay- Archidaniia, what flie faid to the 
ing of bis on Charilaus Who Laffdamonian i'enate, ill. 94. 
;Wafpartft€rwlthhimitii;hc:^o- . 


I H D &! St. 

vjbMKttatkfci fuiirhi|iilin'iitlii, 

' fiacvdion. his 4oihb^4^. vCCen 

the (own.wtt t|dtfti( M twi ib 

liiDtenttMikift. Usi;iftadiM^tt]«K^4le 



Jkikisma ifce M&dfiioAir of 
jfgu mmdttti hf Cfsdtt of 

JtrdfidamiJaSf a gtM 'Ayis^' of 

Jim, I. 134. -.- ..' 
Artbidakus Kfing vS>hpma, XL 

13. His endeavcMts to^^tfm^ie 

tbe di£fi?6Dces iinoiigll tlic 

.Gndans^ 39^ 40^' Cpmes^with 

army into the tdnitbries of the 

JiihsniamSf 44. ^ - 
Atdndkmus the &h of ZiUxidmnuSf 

father of udj^V and Agefilaus^ 

JV. 64. Finediop jnarryinga 

litde wife,.d6. : ^ 
^fdfutammi- (m xsi' Ag^laus the 
. . knrer of Ckonymuss IV. 93. 

.Inteiaceeda^ witll his father for 
. Sfimdrias^ ibid. Delcat^ the 

^caSanSf ' it^ His i^our, 
> -S05. Slain by the il/{^/«ft/» V. 

ArchUamus the .brother of j4^/V 

ptefertrerhimfelf from Leeniaas 

• by jar tknefy: retreat, V. 144. 

Recalled by Cleomaus, i^S, 

«. Motd&ed on his: retum, ibid*, -- 

Jrcbiiiapiay King, of ^Sparta, de- jUm^gut a 6pm^ak oOaOsMoict 

-M3X9Lky.-I>emfriusj> V. 266* esceciited £ar fvuveadaifiiiig the 

Arcbidemus .ient fafr l^e philb- cafile at Tbeba^ iL joi* 

-fophera ^to> perfaode, P/oio to A&whiSf his:iifing gdneia&y at* 

feturn to 5f/i/y, VI; 18. teiided.with tempcAuoar wea- 

ifr-^/bZ^dhtf .the: . poet 'haaoured .i^ei^ VI. i$« 

by^the gods after' his death, I. ^ai^^y'the-fe&ate ibiCa&ediii* 

Archippt^mV[^^X»\tkeii0»dei^ I. 
. >^ao.V. ''. '>^<' . ^'^.n ,v. 
^chteb^is thejrk uDia nc w it ito^ 
^iixfte fdgisof d^JKffii^aa^ I* 264^ 

iderof tto &atti jgaiieyv i« ^o. 
Atrchti^ ^ItettttlfroAheichief iha- 

Arcbons^ caHed . Exmabm^ '43oa- 
. demned^ mid for wlatt, I«.a^4* 
2l5,; ' .,i j; .. 

Arcioaidei Scot h^ Ak^Sjfmaifimt 

toJ)^VL40. V ).--•; 

Ardfjias the fifft diMfitorl of (ic- 

chaaieks, II. 348. .Saeai^ .te 

.i>//ir«^s iaiety lit ^£^, Hh i%^ 

. ientito demand himTof Dk$rifitaf 

»* -. 

fikitted by ^oloni i^ .924. Tliey 

eoBaosined how eyery m^iOL :got 

/his ^living^ and chaftifed the 

i idle, .330, The poiverof thai 

L. £0urt, kir6ned,.and>b|^wliom4 

;.lli 14, 15. 

Arme^the "wi^ of Bio%^'Xad 

;i«daiighter of Di$$^ut the dder 

-y . by^ Ar\fimnatbet ^ -W. . j8 « iCom- 

. .v^eQedrta miay iimBer4tm^: 20* 


. L j5 ai With' ^vhkH iie , '4^^ta4 arrives from . Crstf. ^ -. »tio rc- 

, '^brc^lku SS^« Ums^m c§ird ]kf of ^purta^ vthcn attaakedjby 

-• hamra Briduus^ ibid.Mt woidd Pyrrhus^ gy, Cnts dJf iewrS of 

^ BotTtomimt to . wridog. anac- . ifyrrMzi SoUka^Uh thieiriiiftiBh 

■»^^*^" i, : • i / -U*. r to 

. 1^9. '' The chara&r of his 

. ^poems, V. 48I 

Anbimedes finds mit.the way to 
know what qaantity of g<ttd is 
«mixed' in. any metal^^ IL i^^» 

\l;Ddpifes the .pi«parati(>B5- of 

Marcellus for .attackhig Syra- 


of ///Vr<7 invent^ Jsve^al en- 

^^pnts; ibidi'j Qominxed Mii9:o 

jd§»^hei 4fe.: isd ' 8iat|(|£niaticks, 

¥ •- 

t: 1*. n H X. 

w^l^^^ |%*,ot3'b^ lifAQwrM^^i.e Crajut, 111.44:2. ^I^katlhe^^d 

JriiU0Jiijit ^^nUtev tTii^ii^^^ <iV¥NiU««M>^4^iyc. )^^ T^cn 

^<r*^'a;#i« encouraged by ^/<iii^'ri AriarMhis ooe of. theu.?f3)iil.of 

J 4tt jMdttt^flL ifi^^m «ith. tHe . > JI6^/k«^4i« ill. . 43 u.£oi&iMftl 

r.|M^s^d« 49t .^hAji'* wei» foelebnic- tax§rxa^ Vl. .i43f']Eltt diaiiac-* 

£: ^'mgfikm ij/ihmimf^mmt IV^ 98. ter, iij4*, Pdrons Jiiidelil^ .t:44, 

> ida jttftAcr* ,VI • «£;« * of Uaadoin^ \N\*i^ %9/k* -By 

4rpitkiiliiiiiroF/^%A«'$flup»i*.S2. .^bMinmt aa.joUcum Ctttnpoa 

ifiS^0f mwi A/^iM> t))e ca»ie. of %-mEQpct^ 3*3. Qlympuu gave 

'*>iwt jain» «i. >*>3»^i'i4» A bia^. poiions in. ba duldkopd 

great feditioil it^ dkgns^ III. that ioipaired Jus be«4cb- «iid 

ti47« B3r>wlKN» Jls^ved^ &qou undtrr&uida^ 4j^. . . .. 'x 

idrgwa^$kAiSt e^pAaodod b)r :^«- A iNmnita^ m* jPi^^m .god, , t. 

r ^i^]#4irj ;W^>&tflM»>» iV. ^f o. J I s " Tbe^^MtbfT M evil, 11^ 

. ireflvltKrv' ^.-^^e&atedi '57. 401. -^oium , . -a, 

Th«ir vilbiMMps refoluuoii^ to 4i:mtu/m^'thcfgttmn)kQi}jtytyia' 

* \Adkm^9^ £mm ti( t totJ/u^ffmSf ^^a«» bis ib^jii^ I1^4|.u, 

-.'li^lii^UlECr liow ptitfiilttd ibffil by Arimn^fitsr a %Br«^» ikw. JUfir* 

«!^/W«r4Uiuig2ifi lotre ivitb ^1^. # Jrimmum, tak^ .by ^ff^iifi^ IV. 

'/•.|$i««idhM»tbe»clcwto tbeiflby- i^» ^6|.'V. S^ . ^• 

rintb, I. 21. Gpes «^af witb JrhhiM»e€^ tt-^JMailtiuei mJ^ 

^.llag^ Md^,l^&mkt.iBfktm<^ kingdom' ^ C^^dmx^^hy 

htr^^f,.9^F Mm^4wo^ism»hy « Sj^^ iiiioaaf^ liriven ,ota of 


tbef tAi.'^of :^r«^ -ibid.< Her 23 1 . ^//a nci>A|Ql«» h^m. %vitb 

<> « 

dcift)i»:. Vermont, .t\«ojUcttcft MittirUai^ v^ ^ vju 

,0 lA^iyptl ^Ot jhoB . by .TJ>^usy At^^^^^^ti^ ' i^e^eftabliflUKl dmbis 

. facriiices aimI divine t boMmrs kiagd»ra.0f C^^jjiMfAciViy Ci* 

^upaid '&r )pearly^'by tb« ^mto- • c«r0^ VU«>4^4.) 

i, » 

«^ ^ 1^ dof.^hat. iGwciic^/ .4 j; « cUer d«r; ill. kgjOi^ • 

^tfiori^r^ML yrjfactt>/ivpte :»vo jM^ijI^y Kmmt fof 4bc pif«i^» 

y^jnmn^ik^tw • -:>*'^t ^^j«»%f^ ^^bt^wfebptdai^te. ai: 

^Mmmi^ <&llMf 'a. bmifacrCted ;.Cf«i|M^ )|U dnimi llf. |^i6* 

I I^ D B IT. 

MUt III* t€. %\4 

Arijtimdir of Tthufis^ die di?i- 
tier, Ills mtcrpretation of Fki^ 
Uf% dream, IV. 22^, «s6. 
Wlkat he 6id 10 AUxmukt on 
tke fweatiiig of the teae of 
Orpheus^ 241. Foretell die 
taking of Tyrt^ 257- Sacrifioes 
CO FeoTf zSj. What he did 
to enconrm JUxmiJn^i wrn> 
' 969, 270. rorewsvns Jkxamfer' 
of feme ill fcrtmie, 290. 
Endeavoars to conl&rt Jlnum- 
ier after he \itA tMtj kflled 
Ciif/K/, 293. ' 

JHft€u Che Ffcomafiofh the fteny 
diat is tdd of hini» I. 91. 

Mrijtuun n p r incij w d ciciBea of 

<^0/, invites /^'^''^'^iBtl'^y 
lu! 97. Opens one olthedty 
' gitesfer/yrri^MiftthenighttJo* 
Jrifttfia of StdamiM^ ohe of €«- 
awv's smftrcflb, lldL 279^ 
ifiiJis^ the fett of Lrpmthiu^ 
vie <nffereiice- uetiveeB ' ntin 
' and Thtm^eliti ' h 264. His 
duwaaer, iM. Atid fR 396, &c. 
Baniflied < by die 1 imeieft of 
^hemifi^Ut, h i^.ciUcaUea. 
295. G^tqfMkipeUivaiSt 
for what, 297V Oppo^ Tifrf* 
mi/iock^s pM^ed - of .- faiMtakiiig 
the blidge over the' ££fffl^/jp«Hr» 
302. DiilereBt accounts of his 
circumftancety' « IL ^ ^82. Th6« 
were Vfio Ari/ffdi^% }!n&. At 
what time hr 2112^ archon* ■ 
i^ii. Had a ^rtioslar efteem 
and veneratioii fikf! Lfoprn, 
3&5. Favouied>ariAQCn^yi# Sii/. 
The canibofN'^^^au^iRiHi' 
inss of ^isenaii«ig,^34i6^*^fia»'> 
prudent . MKthNHKcbq m^idfi the 
oppofition of 4^ihi^Mb^^^. 

publick, tMC Hisbtttfhveaaad 
ibrjuftice, liiri. ChMia.ipidb* 
htk tfeafuitr^ ^at. GondoflMM 
€e/t mii^plyiag the publick 


nomyi «Ml IfisMMMdar 
the aiext vgK^ ^hndl UiHmri* 
mami to Jthe pod^^WU[/.f4Kr. 
Mis gpbd «q»i]iiMm>i>f^4cMr/, 
JB teteaing tor ^mo(ki&Miia»r 
mnd^- $89; AfoMadaMafk 
o£ lii»^iii^;nty^>39Ai^htfMi 
archwv $9t* tlaiMiinxliFW 
>A 5$^- BiteiAed^tMMbB- 
«iftfe> '99$^ A ^mtJifluribbof 
hit jnoteiti^ilt ^ '9$4«- ^ ^liia 
phiye^ fdr . die .fi/fikekikMomn 
Ik heniaiiiientprA^.tincaBtii» 
to<6rve the fsUsck^i«Afti 

He takes, the MsW)&aMiiMr 

\^.^ Km^ ef JVijArs^^fiir^ 

prifeaera^ 596. iDppufer/^ho 

, pmpafitioa! *9i.f^Aimf/Niksp 

397. What he ordeeed tfte 

J^^iin^aivv atahaAdofk to^vteft^ 

their maiefSy ^^ Hk: oiider 

^ the: peicAs^ sMb .OkiM^ 

chief commander!^ of t iOm>Mn' 

mkht tend .'aMTchik^ m^F/m* 

^*^f'^if994 'Scnd«to niaKUe- tile 

i^wnOmoi J^ik^ 40a'. Hi» iMfe 

advice en a^iCenmccttieiwaeii 


the fij^ia^ aaed iMbfmk0f^ 

a very critieal |iia!Aia«» 403. 
^MbvgentinMas xioi^fKoa^ >a.<«an^ 


giBvo««vs:f stpiediiiei^ -404^ ^'K^ 
frodeiit sHttffpofitit& i Ui a'^dlf- 
|erendb>^ aaoMI' :< thr^riOnwfft 
4i:4..i^^^ropaMl ofi hMHtbiAo 

pra^ednrof riM0#dU^t^jlad. 
Choien ^ generid ^ wOnn CUm 
'B^aia*"- &-^ha^bafkllM^-\<)rM^ 
eHii oraheMialMhiMioie ti»ehe 
4dliet^ lAMbn Atd/^theffcA^bf 
it. Hid, Appointed by-WAe 
^iimiam toxiet^^i aiBlteQ^ 
Greicn .lehiih^lMvncalllg ^Ac 

^fp^^f liirtaa4qoibie^«4i4l^ 
Hisaafim^ tt> Thmi/ftik mm» 

tmrnlt 420* Ha«dviAtdie 


t fir & « K 

:imihi«( flm4>r«siu|iga;i>lawv*i^. killed in bank,. 41 ou 

vomntihiiefh'^f l^^lmi detth, lipw .fwardiKf ' \yf:^^xand$r 

hikii(fk%\iBMn^4^ fagr\f Avbitarall ibiVxiiaviUg d&iBed an eacmy, 

. .Hii^ofjaKotas hdia^kMi^o^^to ^«rr/f0^irii!i^ialemplf ^uilt to Af«- 

o^iffasncjaoQttio^ qfr%is4idith, X %o8.;' r W . v 

. ac<ttfi4^1>ribtey l>jr Bthf^qn- pri jbi)i)br -^t J^nafi^p IV ^ s it^« 

>ii^1Bd£Qr^^iMl:i..t/U& «aUo. mvaik^wn^ tM TVw to te* 

4BCilvl^^ctt}^>423 vHitadaoi^- hy i^imtj^ihidi i ^» . 

tu a(id'fii»{iravidedic»- l^;izhe Jr^ocUtus the father of LjfiaiJiit^ 

jfnh&^^iMA Hb^advaotai^s . HI.-.Jy^v.'.^yAn: >. .\ , .; ^4*v.v; * 

abQiK^;Ci>ra> 4674 '^6iS^ . ^ - ' ^ Jrifiocrw($s k &tiJilhtitmdka^it*- 

^fir^dti'thi^Lccrian,^ hU'Ttfly to teade4;^«/lB0'wieii he isdf^ 

. l)/<]i8^f^ el^er, jaha dc^r- to iL'dcOrty f¥. ^iif^- , • v^V 

. iiidV^ s^u^nej- m ntarfnge* ArifloetMiiKi Sak tOj^fif//>.^ Jfei> 

.^^M^^iHc 459^ . . c > . ir. V .^nsi^am ^thci foiL;.of .Berctm^ 
MJUpm tiK- iQrmnt )of ^^iam^ ftaadej::oflthis.h>y:|lritekifyiiit 
m^i'ike city to op^^.^;^* j^^ryini Wu\ fi, .liv. , ^ -n .>:nr ri^ 
'HI. J i32« A ddmjtoivuL H«f Jk^A^^wvof M^/lf/?felltb)rfifr- 
^ }ewd3lfc6> tqd crudltyi»vi2^ nttruM^Q.^irffi, V* .140. >')/bi 
^ Smrdiaers tiiw cttadAl|c^ want exqvifitt, Ifarttcrev, ^47; S(nt 
jof ifatef .: 2 ^. : Po&ned : hy to ^«fijmf ^fWit^; th^ t nevsi^jof 
"^ Sff^<ti^f£ ^^titt^ 243. y.ov . a yi6faQ!y:ob»iiM;by'lik'ii»» 
A^ihtf^^ 'A .princlpgd .dgzoil W land hk .behaviour oa thit^oCr 
..^di;^0^t invites. «JS|^>cffM^.l}^- caihm, riirM^^r: 3.^.1.:? .^ : .f 
'ther*ilt«'97-; JSeists;!^..^ ^^ifa<^v«^ .t^e*Ili0iMprQiit «!&& 

, im^oitoeaitf: oE^of^ Vinii:!^. nate& jSj^i&|tfZ^»\ !£. c6;* lujv- 

>)9d4^rjxMC Amoi^ee'^ <he >i&Mi^tr.raidno< hiim^iV.'ui^ 

^i^i^M^J^feoTa ty]aiittf^{|D7<), P&K:M»?^omld8 areijiaelligoeiiito 

" sdUifi^ julhia fl)|;hti Tlja^ii.'M J hiin in ^piiiibfi^;ji&^i:: //!l.^ -^h ^ 

^liUd^/j^idc .CjgHrsi^ wlktt ^ ArifltfgMmi nPrnd/Sfieua mSStt.iak 

^ftiA} oiF. A'fii|B;^«A^4.:Jibci^t^, «nticiliu(gaitt^[lHin«i^V. . j^tKV 

'Jkd»^ i^r.iv..,: ^s\ :ul\ ,:': :edabithft|^kidf&rgeio£ahf 

;. ' JKIiaiM^I^IMk. IL aM'^/iii ^iH dd^r,n¥id:|. .^Wtr .^Mii^ifM 

i f^ D E X 

lui wife Arete^ 47, 48. Put 
to death by order of Ice/es^ *C4« 

JriJItmachust general oftheJcM- 
ans, y. 148. 

Arifiomathus^ a friend of >/rtf/«/s 
VI. 148. 

Ariftomachus the tyrant of Argos^ 

' VI. 168. Slain hy his fer- 
VkatSf 169* * 

Arifiomachm the younger and 
JEgioii feized the government 
of -<^rgw, VI. 1 7 2. 'Quits the ty- 
ranny, and joins in the Achaean 

'' league, 178. Putto death, 187. 

AriftotniTuSi an hyperbolical ac- 
count of the number of S^ar^ 
tans he had (lain with his own 
hands, I. 86. 

Ariflonicus^ the natural fon, of 
Eumenesy filled all AJia with 

\ tumults, III. 52. 

Arijlonicus the commander of Mi- 
thridaies^^ fleet, betrayed and 
delivered up to Li^cuUm by his 

. own people, J IT. 31^. 
'^riftonicus^ the brother of Attd- 

/«j, V. 205. . • ^ 
.^JJionUus of Marathon taken and 
^,^ piit to death, V. 404. 
^^tflohous ^ the inulician, ' his 
. flattery to Lffander^'\\\, 199. 
*Arrfioji%ams the poet, his far- 
*.! cairn on xht Lacedamonians^ HI. 
. ' 296. His raJIery oh the Sa- 

mianif II. 36. 
Arifiophahns one of Alexander^^ 
- hfe-guarq, IV. 292: 
Arifto^hon the painter drew iVir- 
/ ^^iSp^ the curtezan holding Al- 

f /^jW^/ in her arnis^ II. 109. 
Ar)jl9tJjan, 'vj)\tTi It was that he 

was Archafu v. ^pp. ^ '^^ 
Arijlotle the philosopher,! in 'what ^ 
^ "a£e Ke fuppbred Jjcurgtis to 
iave hved, 1.102V Hi^ wrong 
^ XiQpon of Lycur^Ht, )[22. His 
. ' acciuirihe the good-will of eve- 
. ry one, U. 192.. Hwwfitirtgs 
l^iit little Itnbwn ih tht'.timc 
l\^^ Syllii, tlL z^u *'*fi[i5 writ- 

ings neither entife nor^&tfM:, 
ibid. Sent for to take taiie of 
the education of Atex^det^'N. 
231. His writings V:^le4Ai^a- 
maticks and Ejiopticks; *J2, 
His metaphyAcks, rl^d trailed 
a fophifl: hy Akjiahd^j lai, 
Accufed of advifing to* poHcm 

^/f*<z»y<rA','52t. His tdialoguc 
of the foul, VI. 21: 

ArjfiotU 6f Af^tts perfhadtes^the 
Argi<ves to revolt froin CUonu^ 
net, V. 53. A fH<;tid tt> Ara-- 
tui, Vi: l«7. ' ' ' . 

~Arifioth the logidan and Dtiias^ 
kill Ahandiiasy VI.' 1 47. ^ 

Ariftoxenus the mufician, ' his que- 
Ition to Dionyfius coneerniQ|p 
Fldto^ and Dionifius's AfiAver^ 
ir. 211. 

Ariftratus the tyrant of ^?>^il, his 
piaurc, VI. 156. The hflloiy 
of it, 157. • - . ■' 

Ariihmiadaiy the perfoti in whom 
Lycurgus ' moll confided Itt fet- 
tling his government, 'L 109. 

*Armies of the GnekSy^ '&-c. full 

, of players and fuch Ibrt of peo- 
ple,' V. 155.' '• - 

Armour compleat, the prize of 
valour, II. 98. Thegoodneft 
thereof gave the viAory'fO thm 
Macedonian phalanx, ' V. 1 70. 

Arms artificial, of fm'al! o^ with- 
out natural ftrength,* II. 144. 

Arms riiagriificent, the etert' they 

prdduce in heroes, according. 

to ^Eomer^ III. 1 2,. coniiderea 

by M'it^->^i(^esy rather' ft$ the 

'weaffh of the coriqueroi', ' thaa 

^ a. defence tb the bcarel*, ^12, 

/[rms of BVtitus^s (bldi^rs'were for 

' "themoU part ef gold ind^lvcr. 

* Vl;9i. • 'i • • '^ 

Arnactty a Perjian caf^tive-'dtinilch 

•^ fent by Ttji'aiijfochs ' icr'I&KKes'^ 

1. 362. '^ ' - ■' '-^V* 

^rAr,'^th6" ahcfem ■ fta#e fcf t*i- 
ri>ned!!'' ffbih ' Ai^he tlife' 4atitlitcr 


f NJ I) B X 

^J^riuk ^ptui gjves advice of a 

• rifeigin.//r«r/a, V. 425. 

,jffTo^ g. tiQblcman of Tv/cany, I. 
jj8. ^The intrigues between his 
v/if^SXiA. Itucufft^i ibid. 

'jirhmithis commands the main bo- 

, dy^ jfugujius's fleet, V, 350. 

jfr/acesf the firft King of Partbia 
thaitever fent an embaiTy to 
iktRamanSt III. 221. Called 

. alio Qrwiift 439. He under- 
Hood the Greek language, a.60. 
. M^k^s. peace with Srtaoa/es 
l^nf^ of Armenia^ and marries 
rfais foa to that King's iifler, 
iifid^ . His fecond /on Phruates 
gave him aconite, which inilead 
of poifoning him, cured him of 
Adropfy, 4^62. Strang^td by 

^ PifiSkfinsy ibid. 
Armour of excellent temper 
broi^ht from Cyprt^s^ V. 25 1 . 
Jbrfaeei^ the greateft prince of the 

ag<?» V. 370. 
'4rjiec^s [Hurfajpes] the fon of 7»/- 
*' ia»ithtn\ffderBjir/ameSfVLij^^» 
ArfatMSy the natural ion ofJr- 

^axerxtSi VI. 143* His cha- 
. nider„ 144. Murdered by ^r- 

facesy ibid. 
4rfian:^Xoyt^ where the Tufian 
^ army was drawn up, L 256. 
Jlrficoji, thfi naraip of Anaxerxes 

the fecond* VI. 113. 
Aru^4inui ,\Perfian commander, 

1i4iat he faid to TbtmifiQcles^ L 

- Jbstahi^/iSt King of drm^niu^ comes 

|o ^he aid of Crqfus with fix 

thou&Ad horfe, llf . 440, X^e 

vi&:advice he g^ve to Qrajusfi^^, 

\ l^c. Quits Cr<2^j, 441. . The 

'. ivtfe^ jadvice he fcjif, to Q-^us 

, by hJ9 meflengers, 444, flakes 

peace with Grades^ 460. He 

L Uttd^Aoodth^ Gr^«^ language 

*. (6 well th^t he wrote tragedies, 

orations and hiftories in Grtekp 

\ . .. \. 

ibid« Ao ally to Ant^t V. 

.. 321, rWhy he withdrew from 
the Rom^M. camp, 3.2 3* 

^Artahajus a commander in the 
Perfian army, II. 412. 

Artahazus. the father of Barfitte, 
by whom\<f/f;i:AW/r had his fon 
Hercules t IV. 36, 252. 

Artagerfes^ general of the Caduji- 
anu what he faid to Cyrus^ VI. 
1 20. Slain bv Cyruif 1 2 1 • 

Ariafyras, called the eye of the 
King of /*«>&, VI, i?3. Ac- 
quaints the King with the death 
of Cyrt/s^ ibid. 

Artaxa/a built by Artaxe$t by the 

, .2iA\w of Hanntbaly III. 34^. 

Art oxer xes the fon of Xerxes^ {ur- 
named Longimanus^ VI. I J 2* 
His good qualities, /^i/. 

V^/tf^'^^'<^ the fecond, his origi- 
nal, VI. 112. Called Jlf/r«awir» 
ibid. His firft name Arficeuy or 
Oarw, 1 1 3- His charadler* /^« 
Declared King, ibU. The gcn- 
tlenefs of his reign, wherein he 
imitated the firfl Artaxerxes^ 

115. What he iaid to Omifes^ 
who prefented him with a 
pomeeranate, and what he gave 
to a }aDourer who prefented him 
with water, ibid- What he faid 
to ZucUdaSy and to Uriba^us^ 

116. On his brother's making 
war againil him, he dig^ a 
trench acrofs the cpuntry, 1 1 8. 
The number of his forces, and 
the good . order of his army, ib* 
Kills his brother in battle, 1 2 1 • 
His troops wer^ c|oth^ in 
white, .123. He orders tho 
head gnd h^nds qf Cyrm to be 

. CMi^ o^ according to thecuHonjt 
^ otthe Perfianst I24« Sends 
^ . m^giitificent pr^fents to the Ton 
, of ArtagerjHS who had been 
^ flain byfCpriif, 125. Magnifi- 
^ cently. reward^ the Cauman wha 

tave him water in the time of 
attle, ibid. How he.puniihed 
S3 ' two 

two dde^tm, fivi^ . T!tic ^e. )dri&ikrus a '^r/^i !^ ,^l|^i^ 
ftnts ke amie'tq MifMLOis v.W<sftl^^«»,siMrf^4rt^4Wh 
and Ae CMtfir that wotindod ^4«^#ftheCwym,ti^^ 

death who were concerned in Uytjmpy*si^^y^^ 

poifoniDg SMiraf lyu I3«^ - tWtft.JV-^vWv^^ 

Confines his niotnecto the city Artemifia^ t^.uai^t^(j^^|/tf» 

of J«4jr&«, 132. Sends J«rr- ,, «Wt .^<* cftSff %;iP(iViW^ 

the C«»i cities, 133. Deprives ^4rifim^fx the.a^pi^ifl ^wAjfefO- 

thc La€uLtm9niaj(s of jhcir do- jhfir p£ Xr^fh wl;«?"Wlili^ to 

minion at fea, 134. Pats Tt/a- Xerxti^ 30I1 3PV;/: a /v>i 

love he had for her, ibid. Mar- Jrumifs ' of Cojcp/fcj^ )vj^4^4r- 
ries Jmeftris another of his an^ifr faid tP him^ JIX*. f^9?^i 

What rendefed that expedmon rmfiwrem^ \h di^% jiwV*^^*.'; 

unfoitQiiate» / ^/V/. Heni«ii'ch6s Arthmius tiZela^ deg^i^djifoiii 
inperfon againft the Cadufiaru^ all honowg. hy^ ^ i ^^j^yjff^ jSy 
ibid. What happened to him in cn^^ou^ii^g to. .^rfj^j ,ji$^ 
tlkat expedition, I t7tt 3 S. the Graciam,X ?88. j,,, ,,.^:,4 

good example \j» mvc ' his Jttt^im^ ; In . conTeque^iif^ ^^^^ ^ 
troops, 138. His, C9(riy attire, dfeai|i| perfiia^'^ 4^^6*^ ^ 
si^ii. He orders ihis ioldiexs to quit t)ie cam{i« VX j9{;:n i^t 

cnt down his tn«s to make Artsyii(eiers>l^ 
themiidves £rc^, iUd^ Grows /^ It ^.i^ ^^ 9A%Z3^^t^ 
jealous of his ^rtiers, 139. produced thereby, fW. \,,.,. 

Tiv coun^divickd into Separate Ari;s ootnpai^ to di(( .fenfi^ y« 
intene^ \>y-his two &n;s, /^V/. *i»- , : , vu. - . ^. 

He^lAed^r^a hJsip;? ,^««'/w his Arts nbounfl^uacjl ^n gflN^t.affc** 
•fiicc^or^ iUL ^^ three hun- V. J7($.- ^ ( ^j . ^ 

dred and fixty concu^nes^ 140. Jkv&ni aoii CarnuifSi^ BvUte 
Gives Us daig^hter 4i^/w^ to ^jfelipnong^ Ac :c?iiig3^ 

FharwiiaaM, ^jRbodoiuneto ..,.35 J., T<^''<^W''«^''^.^»gEL^ 
Orfirt«f. and aifMTifsl^sdaagh- 4^f^^.^&ihvJ(^^ 

ttef ,4w^V Hfrnfelf^ f4r. in* Jr/tUtftUj Rt^i(,us^^^. m^i^ of 
^, 40nq(^ of thc.con&ij^ci of his ^P^^utr<V.$ it ^««r^ .^vjL..{Ptll 

icMi^ Z>4iriiKr igajait jiimV 142. . ."^0 ieatfc ]^y Dmihaii^ ibM^ ^iia 

Whit lie i^,.tq;4li!pQW. the . .^^VaAct, /feV., . . j^ \\ 



^iiif r«ge> and liow^Iong he re%n- f^^^H^ whom be.^^ijuljV^&ifi* 

I ^ B B. X 

iihMfcv t^ brother of 0^«K«i«j^ 4A^ of fUufm lier 

J^ M fS Sfu S^mkyi^ioti fiees>piim tefi of l>Mbi ^V/>. uo. 

^^idUAlift 4Hth foot, thejxHferltjr 4^^/^/, the ti«i^e under which 

ajj^iz^awfeidf^fj^tf xawr of w, nr.57: 

MtmthamiM '^ven oirt- H^'his Mbtdiug^ one of the names civen 

laWibittSjityi li., - to\Mf/y»«^, I. 48. 

J9E%\Mr/th« 1^ of mpp^hm J^s. the name pf the citadel of 

h^hr ffie frft nie#8 i^f ^^;r- i#r^9/« the onVinal of that name. 

ym}m^ifik&t(^Aih€ib,Vi^. IIL 100. 

4«iiAii «U[^ b^ ^/rtffo Pmi- Afi. a tame dne kicked a lion to 

fair's fiither, W, 1174 ^ death, IV, 319. 

'mN^/ and Hmttkar; ptiftnAM MJItmt, the name of a legion* 

of the Ourtlm^manSf ient TntO Vl. 239. 

.^fttiV> If. 222. ^tropusy thefirft that railed the 

A^^knUi^ a Ferjkm w6rd, thft fi^ power of the Ephri^ V. 153. 

m'Bdi^pii'of^' ^* H7- J/ycbtu the ^iraz/ra admiral, hit 

^l^l^tte Vj^lgeft daufl^hta* of treafofiable pradices, II. I22» 

'99^MJirkikf lb ddled, 1 320. 121. 

Midiems, a freekf man of G^sOw, JJfypUUs a diving, his interpre<» 

'•^^1^^*^,S »'^ • lation of CMWf's dream, IIL 

''JI!lSMdM^^Vi''z^r-'''^' tag. 

l£fini^'¥f«a ihftittitetf bjr the JfiUus, hfs tem^ a place of re- 

. SyraatfiMi/t^, 414. fuge'for f^itives ordained by 

^* .<^if/ WiV^; Ms acd>ant6rthe RmuimdM ftff^A l- $9. 

^battile^^^ PimfiSd^ ly; 207. Atargaiu ii ^/m goddets wor- 

A frieiid ofcJiS^s, n:'i^ Oitpped $i^JBitM^s, the riches 

H» iQcdnot of tike mrinlberof of her ^lef ni. 439. N. 

^\ (bldiers fbah at, /'l^kr^ j//#/i» thetiibuhe/ his imprecati* 


fidia,\%U ons aWiafCr*^/; Ilf. 4J7, 

^afab", J^friend of^i^/^j^^, V". 295. JaWus liip^ -pmi/^ giving 

Afp/Ci^4i/r«poiibn*dbvfbrVe- ^»/«W} 1»it^<^,: VI '$r. 

noM6d^l>H^ bf aki sdbTV. |0». ;^ib»«^i, .6^* t^pjl^ bJP M^^«rv« 

Caufeth an eafy deadi; ^356. near J>^/ArWftn^ii2red'by C&#- 

h'jT^tm orHnafe. 'iww. V^'^ifi^.v^ ^ -^- - ♦' 

^i«a. P^1r& accftW orHnafe. 'iww.W^^fk^.' 

infa \t4ri^itf th^' 51^^ to Jtbmaiti, Wfi'^frib^ idi Cr^/r, 

^' §a^'^hc^,7f.'s t . ' A M/5/fow and on %*« ijSbtedt, L' 15. 

and Ifie: d^htei of *i^r>^«/. Applied ttteiMHt^btif^'^Hlte to 

^^^ SWTTaind&s for her .flietWck. - mour iiffif tte'tele rfqRWrii. 
'''^^' ^t/ 'i*«^V& nkarrfrf «er, ' -Aw-^/^WS =Qifel«rt*etf ^Jhe 
&/^. Called a ftcoitdOiJ^^# - '^oltttt]^»ijP)n.'^?yiryiilrrr^ 

, afonb&.fW;'AcKllfiMpf '^ ^Wt/»?&teHi^^ 
oTbeiM bawd to PiHcBiAA. ^ . Oi^lrttiSlwAh bch^si «w/. 

Wtlfitt^mi^t^; if/A V aftfte todgT<^tk«!rlfi*ilf, 48- 

^ •- •" -^^ s 4 . ^^'^'iMadi 



i N b B 

the recovering ofSalamin't ipg. , ' |iaWiii-«f dkcti' <3iF^^)fiftii} '^^^-^ 

Tfojr -t^ WUe iMrfbneiS <llf 
thitigft 'by ' ^girmg f Sem polite 

jnics to woitcs/i^i, Their 
reft>ltftion» «o idtfcrid PiJ^h^inif 
24l,'«4li. -• Tlfty Irifift' upon 
having the ;06inMaDd of. the 
fleet of thtf afiies 'at the bat* 
tie' «^' i^«b9frf»,\ 28^* The 
ftrait« they'wertf put to, ^93. 
T^ey imptote t1*e aMahcc of 
jB4i€iii§s^ 30i» Their signal vic- 
tofi^^t Saiamnj iJ>Jd; They rp- 
je6t ^ advahtageousr projeA be- 
cause ft wais bnjaft, jo6. Un- 
der' Periciesh • command they 
beat i}^^'i,itc€di»mbnians^ II. i 5. 
Their cou^g^ ^atid ^ve for 
grtgr i^ions, 25V Their great 
deiigns, ibid^ Six* hundred go to 
£iwfe^d iharO'the^and? of the 
tyrant 7«»^4«/ and His par- 
tyy 29^ Several bi-^nded fi) the 
fordiead by the^ Spimiant. 3^. 
publickly accufftdby the- Co- 
rmikiani arnd MBg^rifinst ' 39. 
Detjy :thc M^ganint the liberty 
cf trading to tkn^r ports, fW. 
Decree to par'any, Mf^ariau to 
death that Oiojild let foot on 
f^r territories, 40* Theirnmn- 
Wr, Cd^ Defe^i^in Sicl/j/, ^20. 
Their forces ^t Saints, izz. 
Pefbated by L^aniety, 139. 
Their natural lnc)matioa to hu- 
mamty, 294. Theyrenqunco 
all alliance whh the TMans, ' 
50 J. Their apfwer to the ia- 
€\tdgbfil»m^n$ otx 'being fqfp^ded 
of accepting Mardonmi\ offers, ' 
59^^- A ^eix 'mMtf:e of their 
teve for Jtiftice, 417. Th^care 
• ihey^ eoKJk i&f th<?ir'J?,oor, 424-' 
M '^'beit^-ctoa^erfer J^lmanity, 
^ 4p^. ' Tbei? ^o^a^i^S Cveii to 
•i%94(ts, '4^^* '^^hey defeat 
'^ nfejrty tyirintsi 111/ 202. 
!jrhc thrive* tMngt they' taught 

-^gresiq^fiimsforraDe^y tf /V<» Tk€^^ 
'i^gerhpitl'lbr chd ftVi^ ^p^. 
iditfoii, '«90. 'flieif t^^ 

Slightth^'omens at i>^*i, ibu 
• HoM^theyrec^vfid'Clieilirftiiews 

■ ofi their defeat ill ^^W/js 4*^- 
Their prudent cdnd4i£^i V 16. 
They aecbrie war againft PhiUf 
of M^ittdon^ 1 7 V Receive' ^e 

' MiicddomaH g^rrifim^ into their 
fort of Mttnycbia; laj^'kriA on 
wh^t day,^/V. Th^refi^aiori* 
ifiltde by the pet5ple on what 
had' fbrinerJy happened ofr'tifie 
fame day, ibid, A prodigy that 
happened at tliait times aiKl ^ 
esepJana tion of- it, 30. Their 
fulibm fiatterieis to *Antigitnm 
and Demeirikiy VI. 241, 24a. 

^ An inihinCe of their r-po)itenefs 
in their behaviour to Philips 
?:5;^MVo remarlcaUe decrees 
wiiich they paiTed.ancf- their 
s|ifiimott$ rubmijQSon4254, 2^5, 
256. Their ingratjta<K to De- 
m*tt^uT^ 261. Thw extrava- 
jgarit flattery to D^mctrinsy fon 
b£JfftigpHuj Gonfitusy VI. 1 77. 

Athenodorus {i celebrated aftor fin- 
ed^ fV. zi^x, 

4tj>M6d%ru5 the tmhhft ncleafed 
by Alexander, at (he interceffion 
o\ Phociofiy V. ;ji. 

Aihefodorits furnamed Cdt^t^- a 
■ 5/o/Vvf pl^ilofopher, bt^u|;ht to 
Rcffe by Cato, V. 56. ^ ' 

Jlhempjf^n^s^ one of 'Ale^ndhi^% 
domiplticks fl\at attetadtkf'him 

* wlWh, he bathed, IV.^ i*}*^. 
-^/i^iW ■ y/allei By Theiiiifi^ifes, I^ 

. 30c . 1;., AclofnV.d vyith 'lately 

* bmldrngs b>^ Prykhs, if; 18. 
Taken -^by . Cx/arf^^r, *' 1 39. 
Tal^eli byf^;///.!, lU'. ajff 5or- 
fcndered *to' Dimetniis] v/zS 5 . 


1 K D K X 

^tiie^p^pleeUaiU 2lQ<l tb6 Wd 

fere»(j[rQio.t)^it of i^ldmsi:Hf. 
5.: ^9k ,wh<rin tHW (Jajrtlrin 
all AfK.^^ea ^focJm^ed^wp/K- 

Ai^hiiZ, Hatterer of ^x&, III. 

Jl|^Mu^>^0e of the confpiratora 

ti^M^SfrHiHMs^W , 52. Lived 

oblcurdy^ aki died in extreme 

poverty,; IV. j^^ V 

AHgar9 their- cjereoionies when 

■ wy obferye' the figns of the 

heavensi I» 163. 
clvdc^>ltdm.- entering ther^liifts Aaguries, fee 0«r^»/. 
aftctla.oertwn agfe, JVL 79ir.N. Auguftus C*tfar at firft flighted bj^ 

•Athletich3t^tA^ not adrtrbed by 

Jkxf^nder, IV. azS. ' - : 

Vf /7f^ th<^ daughter vi^^^rdnus; and 
wife.ef CW^j V. 48V Divo/ced 

• l?y him. 63* 

Atlanikk iflrfttd, a work tiisSelon^ 

left iwafieJ^J^? I* 236, 245. 
\^/iiii^i<fif iiWtds^eferifeed^ 1 V. 1 1 , 

12. • -I' ' • * 

Atoffk^ (HIP : of ' the diaugh tcrt of 

AttaTdtrxei^, ijiarriod to her fa- 
, tbCFt': V|. 1 36, 
Attalus (Kixjg) aififts Fhmintm in 

gaining the Thtiant^ III. « 3 3, 

His death* /^^ 
^A^talkj the wnde of Ckopfttra 
' wife pfi*M/» of ^W«<^fafe*, IV. 

* 235. How he abufcd P'aujani^ • 

' Attal^^ PMometor ttjakes the peo- 
ple of ^«>«5r^ his heirs,' V*. .198. 

Ania ^t.vnothtx of Aagitfiusi VlL 

Aitica gathered intp one city by 
Thf/euii Whith he called Athens^ 
I- 30» 3K. The conntry 'bar- 
ren^ 229, 23U V*. 

^j^r/iA'w ^/vr|r/7/<7 gave the fignal 
f^r ,{h4 muardei'ing of Galha^ 

. vi. SW5. 

' Aiiht. tivhat the PkrygJ^ms-iky of . 
himtl' 157* T\voofth»taame, 
one of i^w, the other of Area- 

. 4^^ botK Jlain by wild boars, 

Avifice thei^rincipa] caoic <rf'tlie 
troubles' thiat banned', in Hie . 
i;«^4:»ftate, I. 195* ' „ "^ 

Avarlcetheroin of Sf aria, VLhfi, 

Anto«y, V. 301. The courfe he 
took to ilrengthen his intereft, 
f'^/V/. Hi$ agreement with Aa^ 
toiv^ and LBpidust 303, 304. He 
marries Clavdia the daughter of 
Fuli/ia^ 304. Defeated by i?rji- 
/«/ at Philipph 306. The wef. 
tern provinces aligned to him 
for his (hare, 315. His an- 
fwer to AnUmfs complaints, 
339. He declares war againft 
Cieopatrar 3 44. His forces and 
territories, 34$. Hyanambuih 
had like to have taken Antony^ 
347. Con»mands the right 
fquadron againft Antony^ 348. 
^j'e^s the ftatties of a man and 
afs in braf»» 34^. Had not the 
perfonel ooKirage of AMony^ 
358, 359*. Enters ^/RTiw^V-zVi, 
363. Hii» ipeech to the peo- 
ple, ibid, ,. He endeavours to 
prevent CU^aira from killing 
herfelf, .365, 566^ Makes her 
a vifit in perfon,- 566W' • Re- 
ceives a letter from hef^ and 
iinda (he h$d deceived himi 367. 
Has h^ ftatue carried \n tri- 
umph, .36^4' Cau^ her 'to be 
.magnificeiftly baried- aaar An-^ 
t$nyi ibid. His arrival at.^^M^ 
upon the deat& of hi^ uncl^, V L 
76. Got him&If chofen cond 1 
when he.was bet tw^ntjf ^ears 
of ag^,-*rJ*.' Pfofccuiefl MriUus 
and C^^ lor the auirder of 
Ca/ar^ihid, Muile)-3'hi»««|rmy, 
• &c. 91. Col^veyedf oiKof the 
camp. aa4f<tf wluM.reafi»R, 94. 


^ wHat impated. III. lij-l i" ^fl»V thefeaftaf* 

Jhreltuj daiusy ocpUioqedjarecon- 
. ciliAcion b^twoeq^ (^rhlJkt and 

\Fmh> IV* 139* 'V>* ' 
jfffrejm ^ttifs^ pipknML by 

.' i^yAi for die. iaHe q|^ .his eAate 

Jb$U9r£luSi brother-ni-law of AVr- 
jr^>9 his ihree ch!14riph taken 
prjfiyiers '^md: T^crifvce^ bjr the 
Gxttks,, I, ,2o8.,i99.. 

Ji^ektkonii^ XM. iir^ inhabitants 
vi4^ica% wbenciC fo caDed, J. 3. 

ntddU i^'ficotiSffil dm 

rie^ fn a pr<y^e&n B^JSUK It; 
]34Veaail^d 1^ ^'i»;^i^. 

His'^^mohies; IVriiit ' w- 
te^or of ri^K ^ 2«S:T%«^ of 

^tf&Mi/kiM; of Pacimim marries BacciytiMs/^ ixk 

Jiiis daughter to. Pjrr^#i. IIL , po^s on tl^ bl 

^^Cfh 4 /amoos wiefiier/ what BagoaTi h(>oie i^^^ ^fiMiuiu0 

> da to C^^fi**!, lU, 195. % jli^^Md^;^fV.:^i^Ji' tj%^ 

^*fYit\^lianftyr^ cauiol him tfe^iis the paknToiii 6^^^ 

' jio^ljie jflain to .ipgr^tiate them- W«-, 3.1 3. ^ ' \ ^^ '' 

j^lves.ivith j:aUi6iiis, m. Baids,:<inc6( SjOii^ii&bmyUV 

jiifftfjiqfj (the Iton of Diimachus) ^57 •" ./ . . ' ! / * 

die lb«iwier 0fSi^^e,ltiis hifto- Balloting nfisd bj" die ^rJ'^x/ in 

/l^< IV. ;7t,. , ! .. clevis into their Jjtejfifitt 1. 

JxtM^y.the name^of a j>erfon who 129.^ .' \ ^^^'- , 

^ i waus fttTpe^ Ipf a.criminal con- Bat!oting| bdxes (kliti^ ihcme^ lo 

^ vurfitfon witL thj? wife of Craj- prevent the people ir6m ^l^btt^, 

M^ion,jiiJ(^ . , V Badlotsjtakoi'if'om'^effiSrtM 

J^msK wooden t^Yes ojb whicb^ fole&i 6cc^6ns,''iL ^^flL' 

' h^ wroteliis lipW X 233. . «• • " ' ' ' " " ^''' ^^"^.f '<7^- 

' * • * «.M 

:*" » 

*V ''I'M, .«.v. V :| ,-^0'-t 

\Mndiui of Ma, htai fa9%,'il. 

# w b' fi ± 

£ii*it%TiiA}pttyf, f. 107. 
BaliitKttAM chief iiriefi Of Cf^ 


Batwrine nitte df Jtntein foittlcbre 
Ba'ttlfc of dx ^oM*/ tit<r $«!;», 

it^ni Luciw, 'ai olfiper ^.^Z- 
/a'j, nCiig/^ , , \'^_,' 

SalUrdf c^gld not ji^ridii^^neir 
exercilcs at tbe wre&Khg p}ace 
U vf'^ .with tilth ):ru« Dora 
-*W«^», t. i8i.,''Tlw^"law 
againft tletn at Jtinii, II. 49. 
Pemlt/'i ^(UHl ftn rcgiffcKiJ 
'.tj'l^'^M^r'snaiiic. sMivliv, 
joVAnenvards condeqipcd to 

w'^TW^i!'Vf^,'"w. ,,, :; , 

B^/ptatx, 4 Abut wanike. tmion, 
eivfy bmieman had a foot fi^i- 

a malKian or poet of.divt vipe,' 
Batched, laws agalbft.'cturoi in 

it amoim.tbc antu^V, $«!|ijKi^ 

.?j,+s^- ""'■'■■■■ 

.76. ..pftheTaA^rjai 

' the Ramaafii'tJ i^6. Otlaie- 

tr«,tll J12: "Onwh* da/ 

fodghtiM'Si. or /•/«*«, 

i3. orif/Hi,'ni. 6e; Of s«- 
; wa, i.-jop.^'Of cbtt/biafu, 

18$; OftfereW, ±42. Of 

Pi*-/-** tv; 104, *«• Of 

Cr«iu<-iu,x4k, Of ArMa,'i66, 

&c Ofw%/;vt. 94, 162. 

At.,^A(W, Vll.' 349. AtCJ-«- 
BM where, the Greciani ' tnrf 
d<fealerf, V. iff. 404. ore*:. 
aaxi, htiwiaa tms aai j^a- 
«r*^<, VL 1 1 9, &:. The rrti»-&> 
l»ttle. IV; 103. Battle betweeit 
uid , 

r and /*«■»», IV. 364, 

Of vtfA,.. r. J41. Or Ctw^- 

II. 73. Of &,s^/ with the 
FarihiaW,, HI. 44IS, Ac. Of 
'Jafat'} With ^ fofthimd.V. 

3aj, ic. Of £«*;/»/ wiflifv- 

^^wi, lr(. 543,- Of ftfitf-fw 
with the Andnnti, III, - i'z^. 
With the 7n/gM>, tz9. 'With 
the Ciahri, rjj; &c. Of Pm^^ 

260, &c. Of Iftdaj with the 
Sr^«>*/. in. 409. OfJV- 
rA»j with the Ksnairf, 111:^6. 
St. Of r/ani£«a ^rlih Oe C«n. 

Bends, jtltiunda ordered the 
beards of hi* Maadamam to be 
Ihared, and why* I. 7- 

B^e) : Hock) t^bcej, ar what die 
'fiance tDbe'troma neighbobt 
fioci;, I. 232. St^ h^dftm/i^ 

^ (Wadoxen,',V.i8i. A iWaiw 

' Whn it Iir^t^, 13,24. Ac- 

coanted an unlDcky oaieu; g*- 

I* N. Hi ^t X 

; himSf 202. Ac^uktedy 4Sto* He 

declared beVoiiil3^ha<^ 'done 

''UOiacever Tiirtifkts^^h^/^^tTcd 

him tO'dO) '205. JdSls hiWelf, 
•I . > « » » • 

. wia, :■ . 

Si>»t, a-ivayofputtm^ people 'to 

9jfkhst '^kct^^^^ to Artaxerx^ ^ death amongiVtbe Perfiniu^Nh 

King of P^a, tfdlivers him a : 1 37, 128. ;, .* 

x'-\titts homi^^nd^as^'^L 135. 'Socchstisy the uSgyfl^ajf. jadg< 

fef/w's temple, IV. 247. V. a^j8. 

5fefi*?^^, i^ifeof i^Utmy, Fyrrhus B$cchvs, King of NundJia^ TMgtr* 

- iiiari^ i#»ff|^«^^ her daughter rii-^i's fether- in-law whom he 

"*'io*s dcape,' IIL - 1 5 2*. 
$marus {M W Wve gjirett the 

'< ' |toifbm,to a/^mfj^fv^ Vi. 1 3 1 . *; 
Jffm^us thcj^raeior fi^zed^ by the 
pirate?, lYi i^ti 

betrays to SyJIa, IIL 115^ His 
ipagnificent preienti. in the ca« 
picdi^ 142. Revives the qnar* 
rd between liiarati and Sy//a, 

)iiremdsy a cl^ btiih bjr Pyrrbus^ Bocchus^ King of i%tf,r attended 
' '^ nft^ ialioilbar of -B^r^ai- • in Antonys army, V. ^45^ 

< Ihrhtr firft hirfbjiiid P-^'/^ HI. 
" po. " ' f 

^tr^cfj otte oi th«f wives of ^Z- 
/^^dfe/^x, flr. '$t6. Her death. 

^ x^, III. 6*/^ ■ - 
jt>j^/,histr<afon,;IV. 281. And 

'^ ptmilhrneHt,'^!, 282, 283, 

^Bejiia-lL Rvman etMinwftder, rc- 

i^ 'flexed on 4>y^ir/**, III. 114. 

^^Bmd a triboftfe, <¥• 434; 

Boconius detached by Luculhf after 

Mithrtdaies^ the g^eat fault He 

committed, IV. 349, 350, 

Bcgdromia^ a feaft at Athgns^ (b 

• called from the month B^ro^ 

tnitm^ I. 37. IV. z66't 

'^j5fc»>Vonc bf the'fevcii wife men Bi99tta; the plains of j?/»^i^ cal» 

-BfMta' PuMittf^eAemy to Mar~ 

;:-iegttC in the .cdnfuKhip, IV. 
i'- ^1 73. Ht kept within doors the 

led the Qrcbeftrd^ or fiage of 
MafSj IL if6u « . 

J&Witfffj had thefoleright of of- 
fering facrifices ^tAmtis^ IV« 70, 

» 71; They infuIjt^^^Aw/, 71. 
Are worft^d by teojlb^m , V% 2 5 . 

r M eight montfas of his con- B^i^^iXy king of the'.gwr^Vhe 
5'^^ftlfliip, 174.' »*v- challenges IfUrms^. UL: 133. 
^'Bih'uhsy the f<»i of Bihulm and 5'iWia the gpddefs, IV; 3i4. Y, 
-^': iH>ra^, VL '67.' ; 43^- -■^:-J '.^ 
"-Bihenna the daughter of B'qrdjl- ^Bmtmn^i a TbraciAn pcopfej their 
^' :^j ^ivi.j^.oil8yriaytri'zxntd to - orrginal, annual hynwks* JIKifa- 
^ . 'ft^ry^^wv III* *^-^ V ' : orifices, L 17. ,»... 
^ huhys, Dm^r/aj'sfi^incral, defeats Bottomry, V. :466. * jt r'....'^ 
' -i^/»fw,'Vl/^7P. BaucalwHy the nanae «f [thei laft 

hm<oCrceJu4^ J. i^8. , 
Iblack day am<:Jigll "tJ\e* Rotj(ar^Sy 

montkof the y.earoaftJf^^^lit. 
^piigh of a confecratedji ^Y«*-t)t« 

"..tthat LufuUiu hiH pf, it, III. ' bound with wool, Wftred to 

' f./.^:;« 

i' T^ # fi^ %. 

'WfiSgVh ftaft cf, fee qtcioftiri^ 

Boaisi^s of cbuntriesdij^AguSfl^ 

byapato,!. 53l/ ;: , ?; 
Br^cfyliefisv A fheban^ a frfeiiS of 

Mrafidas^ythy avei-fe to peaCCrlf I. 
• i^j; 'SMtt in ihe tattle';dear 
Amphipdtis, ibid. "^ V 

'St^PKfiuj^ KW or the Gauts* \Sfi 

^aafwdr,^ 5ie kcman amfc^a- 

"dors," L 3^^. iie inarchej to 

^Um^t 346/ " Defeats the.;^^- 

mans^ ,341, 346. The/jftiall 

I90tice ■. taicen of this event 

' in Qnecei: ibid* He b'eficges 

the capltol, tbU. &c. 'His 

fpeed]L to his men to encourage 

tneim to attack the capitol, 1^ 50, 

151. r An infolent expr^ffion of 

his, in. 353. He withdrawi his 

OWps, 3^4';; ^ 

Briareut^ Jrcimedss compared to 
" .him by Mat^elkj^ IL 352^^ " 

Bribery, when it began at Ripme, 
II. t57i 158. \ And at Athens^ 
ibid. - A Jaw againft it procur- 
ed by Qato the younger, Vl 8 1 . 

Bridge built by CiPjar over' the 
Wsineivi ten days, IV/j^z. 
Wooden bridge at Rome feq-ed, 
; I. 167. When built, i6S:} 

Brigei^ ^rvants that attended the 
army focalled, Vf. p?.. ;** 

Britain^ Ccefar*i expedition ^into 

: it; jy." 352-, 353. A doubt 

amongft the Romnas wHelher 

there was any'fuch ifIand,7^/V/. 

firottit blacky ' a principal, iliih 
amongft the Spartans, I. xizo* 
yfh3(tl3i Spariart cook fai^ to 
41 King of Pfifftus about it*/ {i^fJ* 

^*^- •-•,'♦ '. ■ ' •••> 
Brothers' thought to be dangchJus 

' rii^lsih.fbvereignty, V, 235. 

Bfitrte beafts the moft timprous are 

hardeK'to be tauied^ VL/fi^. 
' Byutidft (^pi 'delivered T^riMwn 

to Fa^ius^^ 11^ z^\ 
Mrutiui Sur^ deputy t^ Sifnfitts'gO' 

'venior;6f:^W!(l(^f,,drfrcs* Ar^ 

''' chelaus ti\x\'of^tee<fe, IJL ijz. 

"^msf liu^.^yii$iftr, his affell^ 

ftupidjty*''!. 250^ Cohdfemn^ his 

. . JpniB tpileathj ah^ is prefent at 

. ' ' the execution/ 2J 3 . ' Pfutaricf!^9 

* judgfl(ient wpda tl^i^^adUoi^ 1^ 
Brutus yunfusy ^ iirft fribonje of 
y:;tbepeopl4 II, 1x9. His £q^i^^- 

ous praftfccs, ijo*- ' , .,, 
'Bruiu4 a'praeftor'fent by.the iej^^^ 
y* i6Sylla;\ltii%:, ^ ,. y 
^BAttts'QiO!^ of\Ciar6p*sgene;Bls^ 

iV. 126. •' ' ; ' , <i 

'Srufus deft^lA ' J^ti/^a ^gAiiriH 
' "Pemp$y, td whom* at laft hefur« 

• renders, inJ'ls pujt to^deathj by 
■ his order, IV' 131, 13*2. The 

" gfeat dflFerencp; betwijct %j^ 

'' and his foii wjip; flew ,C^r> ib. 

Brutusy Marcusfhhc fbn of thefor-* 

raer goes 6Vet to pompey>iy. 

^ 195. PaKioned""by Cajary .377. 

'" Made praetor hy Ca/ar^ 388. 

Hisdefcertt, 393. The pbl|- 

\ g'ation^;he lay under, to CJTar^ 

*** ' ibid. &c» Letters dropp^d,^^ipQt 

his tribiw^l'io 0ic:(yurage him 

V;to.kin,C4.W, •394> Th4 gi^t 

\ benefit he, xt^i\ti from.^s 

• education, : Yt. '56. His" .de- 
; icent Q^tiX^^^jtsi, He copies 
\ \ after his uncle ^nd father-in-law 
* '" XJatol ibi*d. ^pm he acconip^- 

''/'nies irttb' A?r2/>| '5 8. He ides 

• '^^Wirh Fof^b^.ihoxx^ he , had 

murdered life faflier, jiii: Jpins 
; ; 'him at FbdrJ'aU'dl ^g. ^Hls^^eat 

* application 'to .IVudy jaft l^ 
: '' "fore the "battle;: ibrd. Cas/hr'u 
" "great care ofiini, y*/V. * A^ftpr 

•'the. defeat of Pouffef, he wptes 
to C^/ar frbih ^VarJJJa, .60. And 

* -becdmes,hJsfayd<4nte, ibid,.\^\^ 
•' Intei-eft (vU!i hiiA 1h ,beha]fbf 
Y his'frieridfii.'6i. His jfaying.^pf 

' thofe \vh'o tould not refift^im- 
' . . poi'tunity , 'ihid, Cajar ^ cpRi- 
' 'rnits Galiia^Ci/dlpma, to his'go- 
' ' veiumenty iiid. His b«^a)^our 


s^ H m^ ^ ^ 

tion with C^HJ for WtpnP»' 

Sufpeaed Uy Cc^» 6}., .Infti- 
Utters, y!f» .fr^jfflL^^oJknpwn 

the wovld J^4 o£ Wlt*.^<4 His 
4»iiverfetifw: j¥itln <J^w» . 64, 
Cs^JDiC ^«tiifi^i9» (ai.txraiiof 
M. iM5r«liH4l)?;^bt kft kin hy 
his ancefl6v9), 6$. ]t{i3 conver. 
fiuion. witll,^«l^iMif» Fi^u^imt, 
aD4 Z4^Jp> 66. ^ ({is fffeat care 
10 appear compoied abroad>.aiKi 
to keep Ills murafincfi to him- 
kltf 67. His prayer to the 
go4» vpQO tM jpogt P^if^pta^ 
giyenhim pf MffJioattMRcy^ili 
A fayijDg of hJA jto k^p^ ^p the 
ipirits ^ th« (;onipinitoxft ^* 
His txsh^vlQor.upQii tbexeport 
ofjthe deaUi of Perciap 7P. He 
OfpoiH thpfe w^Q WW for Jul- 
hn^ J9Unjf with- CtC/ir* 72. 
His oratioo tOk the people wpon 
iheApth.of.C-c^'ibkJ. The 

ifland of Cr^^alloted ti9ihii];^ ,'j$. 
T>^ fatibl ovcvi^^ cpiii9)it- 
led ty iiliHi 74* ^^P ^<p/^wi 
lye in w«^t focih|in« 75, . The 
Ojitemficeot ^fy^ffmifiSi ty hil9t«ct 
10 the people hy. hjn ^r^^aad 
diceiEMfliXb lboi4;h a)>feAW 76« 
, J^ii letter ID iCjfjnPi ibid. jHis 
high char^Aer of Porcia% 77. 
The hQBOUrs he leceived ac 
Mkmtf. «ii4 lii9 Vi9f of lilbin 
that city, ii<i/..,A.Yerfegtlot^d 
by him out qf #<wmKi hpW up-, 
^pued, 78. J:ie;fiBt^9S che^nps 

rt^ had hen> &rQvide4 by J"**- 

49* Seiabe4 wi^ e dj^teipper 

called buliqua, ib^, Afift^ hy 

l^f< jmenves j^, his d^TiPfs* ^nC 

his gratitiKi^ipr lUi')^ Sgt. He 

.. Xfy .W^f TOiWu<»ofc,*»tc 

^MP» ?>rflfe3jBtqfo¥>,^#fi^ 

uiS.hefore mf»c^«%»n^;84* 

. :.Whl* MvWJ«IH»Witft.»re, 

: ..Hi?^i5^mvi««KiW*jS#Xi i%nd 
their mutual ««. 

a<xufed^.cxt(Wi9n^,tej;j W^ 

,^t 9<3caS9»> fft^y-fi jSaJ^i-- 

,.vi«?ur upoa «RWB«»fawtcj(>f 

as apparition, 9P. H^ army 

f»WP^ vijh C^r^&^<^ ftei 

.yurftes his ^rm»i;W4»pijt, rfic 

'^intrenqhnien^, ^n^J^ry^'^^^* 

abattle, 9«-;<%^|«?iM.€«^ 
nght wing, aitf! {|ndi 

ji^faiis mtt^ ^Pc^;i,Ta«Pj^ 

tokens of the viftPry, o6. ^'ne 

Mnder Ms cofnniiii^^ftZj j^ 
WftPP« ovoE tte bfiffe^f V-?ffll«d 

©^^ 4»4i.«rfcrtJMg^:*» febb»- 

ried in the ifland QifhAfus^iii^^ 
He depj^esa f^^^^^^ 
Wmt 99. W P¥ts all ttie Pi^ 

li m m Wi X. 

'v«rife'<6at'i6f>fte MMMf of 94^- Biff/, G^nev^^ the P#f;^£a#r» tk:- 
^'^fWlilllite, idjr^W^- ' fen fii« t6 tk^ttvw^ and butfit 

ifi^W W'M* wild' a0iiifi^ Km < hia^f, hh fdodi' «kl tttoti- 

^ It ■ - 

''-tiJ(;Aii4»f|Vd7.'-Hfirad¥iaif6#es - '°''l ' 

«|jiSMI^<lfiih^Mid' tte -^iiM^r, V^ 37S. >qnieir' leai|le pUn- 

• • t 

JMii^%iUy>i^^ckn0dVr;^Mr 'at TMeH 11*195. l^k^ by 

aad^itkhH^MUt cfBuc^iMij, Gtkkma Ike Mar ^1 NiffN^mu^ 
W. 365. '-v '*--^ •^'■'^i*- «- >llf/«a'; 

' ' horn boNight^ IV. t^. fli^^e Mia^cttf by '(iie ftr4tag«itl'')of 

At^M^i Or a 'ikiktkX hiiklgif^'^ a C^tdur lileiiatfltt^ l>f « nonhfrn 

diteripe^'Vli 79. V :>J ^^wiit^ IV^^aii^ / 

Boll ^MarM»n, i^nMUt ^^ QteiUm, the-mtA^ftitf imt^Mmi a 

ficiifittil^% f^e^ ta^jjR^ v^oma^ of^ntd rdpatation, til. 

Btf iM^«^d«Pln*'hnlfi it ci^^^/, CrnAlii MHeUa^^tht dattgfac^:of 

"ite'^«6Kott>of k, HE idi*.' ^ Miultui tbebi^h pirM, allied 

Ml1lcii|bdl! f^ te fiv«r Aqt.8Hi- faftHer^i^ jP )£Mki«t0ir tha^^k. 

I ^ • -'a . . • « « * ■•4 

"**■'■ againi 

f n;: pn E;: Xi 


L lOi 

' Amhmins. 'W\ ^^V^y ft6f: ^ ' 

C^'itf^ tKebrbtfter ^ Qosre^ tkli 
' ': yottngcTv^V^ i|H»: Hi5dfl«fth, 51. 

"^' ih6nkeysabbeti*thdf bofems, 
[ ' IL 3 . Hts fkyin^ of O;^. J, IIL 
'-, '4:25. He puts dp for the con- 
' ^^ fumiip, 434.' He rccofidlcs 
I '^Crijfh tfA ' Pvf^pff, iitd' jeifli 
^'^- ^.V?th' them in-kvtrfiimvlrate*, /4" 
**Hc thferdyf retried the gfeateft 
'•^ tfdrantagc, -^f^A/. His poMtkal 

'^' • /^i»/7i IV. xyt^' 17J. He de- 

''^* Wtffr the M^irity ♦oFuhe coh4 

'^'•f tinfl^to iilgMtiatehinilelf with 

''•^**\W*pcoipW'i'^'J; He marries 

•'^ ibid. Hi^r policy, 17^,. 178. 

^' «'¥K^*nifehlfto6k^«fJ»i6JU'iiiyi 

' '*''>)79.^ TM «o«rt»fhaa iM^paid 

^ Ho hhn at,'lU^4 -ibidi Hia vigi- 

• ^*lai¥<?^ and- Wtoiry, 18a Galled 

a liobber by l4drctUm^ 1 89^ His ibid. How. ^ jrtlfhe^lie aftc-^ 

pec^e io ' tk>lis ^^tfte pt<»^y 4f^i/, C^r« 

: offietf^. ;i^..'Rr< ^^mkhfiu 

-. ietanirH ljfn';i*i)ftf; ^' *« 
r Ittht 6f«jVM^(^aal ^6. H0 
:^M Mi& 2^4- PhiVfiis to 
. di^.vi^^'.' .Op{)|)i^fJ^/iW who 
. W6M fottp hiitif'ii{'i!fiiif^ Im 
. ♦ Wifr)-lV. 5254' ^tWgtofl^dof 

' -i^^sAtf^drt^btoPjtiR He 
: i9<midl^Me^r dNpH^kp^, 

• 1 feM4i>fe^ It ^ IttK^'!^ «a4»s, /i4 
' Tdte^ by %/.^. iibjajh^, buc 

• l*ft|oli>r.aJbij*«rf 4i«* lie re- 

' itiftf Ibid. Tnk^wMixiUc^tiii* 

The ranfbnl tht^.vjij^^ of 

r J>iteVai|d<i» r^lir^ ^^9tr ht 

- iJ#ed>kh *f nv »?M Mi He 
Jaften^ardi lakerVW^ciTKifiei 

't*V?*«,»32y. He |t5^S-tO -^irA% 

.- to the iHt^ o^^>%>^^^ 
. ^is^x^nent-^eod^Mtfe^tfa^ a 
iUuefman and ora tori .i^.^ His 
. 'lmf«W tb^, pa#.c^yrickL of Cii 

iX^yi^^f^, Ibid;- #e|ffeadsfb^ 

thfe ^3f*** -ag^ftr ?. ^ ' 

^^•^"Jltt^'oftlie ftfiitte/lAiiilL He 

'- takes ArfMinum, and marches 

'I tm%rd:/h?;ri^x90; Whathefaid 

^^P^ fevo'itrK^^iMlAicdHldf the 
|)i^yle'>i<kv^Ktb M^ j^. He 

ikai^ ^»ief^«!hd^Wim!!i for 

- •! 191. Histhmtteiafiagfp^hto ^^ Wtf/,ib$d;^A^^Bidi%niidtbf^ 

' ^^T^mtHhi; v^e.tMtuiaklit liim** > .x<^ril^ iio pMM6(rSJIfe^/» 

>* <->4Hf l«Mfta^of«ll^.AM^*ml£xty 4a«iie> i^^^L' m;Mid«i*^#ie^fa- 

.oHi;(iil|q»tfiji;.i96u:fietedeiopro-''i v^^'f«a^r'*Wfitt^^• .^e|& W^ 
^]^e a oobfetenC8':«ii«b^iMi>f7, ''v> ^)e»'qtlslor:lb«9)^2J£^' ibid^ 

hij^iSmamytf hk ^fC Ki ^ i mir -^^^)>tf i«t) )(iih>ec^)y <!f^dfbt. 

- • >♦. 


. .The wdgflxwitjliqiw^eili^cd ; 

I' 9^{W^ the 

- umW^A^ )%f'wh^P«t5t^^ for , 

• . ??W'2.893- H ^-^ ^^ ^* ^"^ 

Wf?^ S^f^^Ti m going wi? of the 

' t#^^b*»WV?|cfty.QVw» IV. 

. Mifi A 4ifrfipf«ihIo.adwpture 

h\itut^W^.^ tq bcsuft witnefs 
He. U,.njiiaje fijov^rtoK rf the 

35^^ ,W1^)ili«faid ^ Awe of 

, j^ frk94«^ Mw^apaffii^ the 

^<jfefi iWf . H« v^eefA .^({jread- 

j^^ 4ie hiAcmy (^jfilvm^f fl>- 
.J}i8,fO]if^eflsio^/Mutr»i^ He 
ici}^ tb« ftv^ral^ifc^^i and 
is^^^iSftHf»$ between 

"* ^ « * 


■•% , 

s^fit?iAt.afkhikHtfim*Jlulf He 
fj^ic^ fe© daw^tof ,# trffxnpb, 

jffJ(4^Mp l«0Q9H^li« £>-i^J and 

. itej«3»ft<Wtto i^blkf tb^yCOIO* 
3i»K>i|i»^f^ i4f4^ TTAf ienatB 

^^4>tf«|i>>ii witl^ biio>>^^ He. 

fiY^ .^«4|^ hA3 j4iHigb|er ia 
<|>*«««^ fyhi^lM(ii^bf^ con- 
mgt^,M^,SiritUim Qa^ ami 
lHuuriMl fimf^ daagb- 
%f if^.iDi.Y- 7^ UKfeiuU 
; <Iff0td'prirooi butcaa&t htm 


to bereicued, IV. 541 • Heife^ 

excelled all other coio«uuKlen» 

,,f^. ^dp1|;j5d jby^.the. fcl4icr»* 

. 343* Shor^ acpo«jpf of thehr 

igri^t.^^m^9.^lfi^Mtcf He did 

. not Airi ve^ip epfi^h )Miafel& bat 

,<i9ivwai?4d^faUao His 

.efljd^wg..]rf^^lvdWp^ ,w^ be- 

yoinl hjl^^i^r^ iirefl^th, iHd* 

Hk ,cjf^4ip9nr in, ' traydlinp 

345r Hh infUifereOfce al^QPthis 

Jqod, i^/i.; *Hi»v firft wars in 

.G4w/„ibi4.,He,defea»st.he »/- 

.<K'«^a^y'afi.dcqmpels them ty> 

returato th^ic^uatfy they^ad 

deferted>iyv54^. Hwfecond 

.war in . Gaulf . ibid* Bto. His 

tJbacaqgUjevto^ hkofieers that 

wei«ltimpfoa8i-j34jr, Thtf good 

:eA!d it M4« .«^. . . Hd .defeats 

»th^ Gfirmanj^i 34g*. H^ sains the 

&voar of the paopli^ iiid< He 

inarches a^^nft rh^ j?^4r^ wfaKi 

;had<rtvolt|}d9ai»d4s^fea|» ihern* 

.349^. He. juarcb^». ag^Qft the 

. tUfrvih ibid«. Anddei&ts them, 

c3ja.. Qv'whf/l.meaQa he ad- 

t Tanged W.power^ ihid* Thie 

great comtti tW.was xnade to 

. iim a$.jU<44i>,ibal : Th& coun* 

cil that bs held ^bere; with i'asv 

,fiy and CrdJ/uh* 4Pd t^vR^jefalt 

of it, ii// Fife thoufed of his 

^horfe defett^d'by. eight him- 

dred oitbe U/if^ak and. T/ari^ 

*ir^/> 351. Hedefeiits iheta with 

^^t '/laug^tlgjr^ ett£ ter He 

£illldi k imdge over thUi M^fHi 

ibid. 1iheit&..ft4wif^/r that paf^ 

fedthat ril^ iwth ani ttuRTt 35 2- 

ibid>t{flb«>!ThN^Ml J^««(iie who 

\ bm^ra HKvytib-i&r iiio die 
.wtftoEl «i±anfv,}3 j3i >|lt-.(Miflea 

! twidaiftooi. fieW tnto^)ff^/tfi«» 
J^idtritac^iMb; iittvs ;#r'liis 

. daiigMr^^>iir4i\B deaths ikd. 

. itebrnw^ i3kvm.fasfieg^d by 
AnltiQrigQ^ 11^. Hisftiaugems* 
T linA 

'fti|hMAiV» Quieta(he comm(yH- 
^ns uiitbofe psLitfpfGauly rb. A 
nie^ vi^ in O W inor^ danger6\is 
jtVan. any of ^he fonoier^ . 3 S j[- 
•Jive creat abilities of the Gam^ 
totf''Wari iif/ He defeats them 
in ^n j6bft|nate battU,,356. Bfr- 
ifeges P'ercingentorix in Al^ia^ 
fj^^v'THe great danger he W^s 
Fti,. gaii^d iim mdre honour 
i^an ait. the cither conqucflsy 

a '5 '7, He. beats the army, and 
^e ^^' furrenderS} (hid. He 
defigns to l-airi ft>/w/4y, 358. 
^Coinpared to 411 expert wreft- 
Ibr, jiiJ. He len^s to demand 
die coniulihip, ind thecotitinu- 
aWce of his provinces, 359. The 
'offers' made in h^s name to the 
people, 360. His letter to the 
fehats, i]^iV/. He makes Iiimielf 
WLZ&er fif Jriminumf 362. His 
' doubts when he .was abo\it to 
' crois the rivei- Rubic^n^ ibid. ^c. 
A iaying of his-as he paAbd that 
riWr, 363. His dream , ibid. 
Hisgeherofity toi«^/^^«/, 364. 
He ]purfues P^/?^{)f who fled to 
JBrundnJitmj 365. ' keturns to 
Romey and in fixty day^d makes 
hlmf6lfniallerofall//4^, with- 
out bkJod, ibidl Hisxourtefy to 
the fenatnrs, ibid. What he laid 
to' Metilks the tl-ibune, 366. 
-H« goes into *Sy>«/>ragaiilft Jfta- 
■mui and Varro^ and makes 
himfelf 'mafter of their camp 
^ifd fbr6es, /^/V. Is chofcn Dic- 
tajtor; tbld. What he did iii that 
office Which he held biit eleven - 
4ajrs, and then deciared him&lf 
confnt 367% He j^alFes the hni- 
an {t^ and takes Oricttm'and 
jfpofhfida.Md. . The complaints 
of his fojdiers againU liim, ibidl 
They ch*ang6 th'eit fciltitattttsi" " 
ibi^.'Snt: $e attempt^ to. go 
baeK^rom\£>/^»/ v^ irund^ - 
«w,^3()SU TJic .^4ai^cr be was 

r . ■ 
*7> -rrf V • 

What he raid to til? »l^^fj5iat 
ihUeveffel, tUd. H^^ofSmio 
give Pmfiy baWc; i6^: ; JIJ* 
army in great aiilroTs Tor yvvO: 
of neceflarics, ibid. \He r^er^i^s 
a' cbnfiderablie 'repuliq^ /j^^. 
Ha^ like to haw^'bee^Ui^^y 
one of his tr^n ibidiers'jp^it Se£ 
^.70. What he faiSpff!p/fj^^ 
ibid. For what he Iftanipd hfm- 
felf^ ibid. He decanips t^ ihsin^ 
^ga^nlf iSdfifi in Macedonia^ \a% 
defi^n in it, ibid. ^c. .Tlic il| 
condition 6f his ^oopcx 371* 
iThe difficulties of his ' march^ 
by taking Gompbia a town m 
Thejaiy be k tupplied withjMO- 
viSoni and wme, 37?,.wiiat 
he iaid to his troops at Jfi^^:^*: 
lia^^ ahd their aniWer^ 17.3 • 
A r^marjcableanfwerm'ade bSn 
by his augur, *^i^. A Wqidjgy, 
that appeared the night jbiefo^ 
the battle, ibid. The . pWpr'of 
his battle,' 374. . The gre^t fer- 
vite doncby the fix coip^anies. 
ofreferve, 3 75, 376;^ th^ di- 
r6di6ns he fiad '^iven |h(?|fi. /Iw.. 
He defeats Pompiyf and fdrces 
his campf 376. WWt he fa^ 
Whefi he faw fo mUfiy pf the 
Rdmans dead on the'^roiiipic^ it. 
Set. He incorporates moft; of 
the foot whom he fbo^ prilp-. 
ners ihto his own l^gh^ a^* 
. pardons fevtol peribhs of qua- 
lity, 377. Amongft thp .reft. 
Brutus^ who afterward4'lMl1^bed 
him, ibid. , ftodigie^;thjit;|ag- : 
peh^d befotc his Mi&Xiry^ma^^ . 
He giVes gi^a^t immumtici Vtii. 

eiifcaucnlTes the''dKV'^^^Vn^fd. 
Afrivfe* at 'Aiexim4rid^ ^ aM^ 
wecips when /^^/ys'head'^;. 
preleKted io him, i^d^,'^^'.. 
obliging letters he wrbtel ta liis ^ 
fii^nds itkme, ibid.; He^^ai^Ji 
4leruk^^ tiie . war ih ^^ilk^ . . 

i:-'^ 1^-' 0" fii X.' 


l)arWr''A7'9»-^s guards kill 
h6' ihdt ivkn Iii his wars at Afex- 

J Mil lis a sre^^, battle 

• \£i'\(i'Jimntius^^^ t:hat vtaWyi 
/^/^' He returns, to "JJow^", . ahcj. 
fs agaih chofeniiJElatpr, /ijfrf. 

• Blatted forfeveralrtitngs^whrch 
■ Ite^ftrffiitdym others, ibid I Jfri. 

He 6;oes into Africa after (?^/c 
_^^%t^io\ 3$2. ir'hieplearant 
rtajmel'' i h whicK ' he i n te*-preted 
«h and^f pracle, thid,. The 
ihffb he ' was red liced. to for 

* Kvaiit of 'forage/ 38 1. Th? 

- <?hecki he jnet with in fo)nc en* 
'Wdi^tr^^ihii, ' He defeats *5aV 

- pb;\ '/IfraMi arid 7«&7;;' and 
ftiakes himfctf maft^r.of tljeir 

' camj5*V i^i-. ,He* pnts feVecal 

great pcrfons io death, /W. .A 

iajrin^ of his on thfe death ,of 

€aio^ itti. What he wrote a- 

gasfiift Cdto (howed he "had ho 

kindnefs for hind,' ibid, ^He' J3 
' '^alldwed three .triuiriphsj 38c. 

• He ^Hfibtites rewards to tf)e 

* IbVdi^rs, 'arid entertains the pep- 
" pie, /i^/^ Is' chpfeh a fourjh 

lime confu!; ^6, 
Stain agaiiijft Pmfiyh Tons, r^, 
flis'bchkvjorff at 'thc.batde'of 
'- jkun^i%\A',' Oxi what' d^ he 
foiight' that batti?, i6id: His 
triqmph ibr that vi£^ory much ^yM*^* I V.'. 1,67. 
diTpjeafes the 'JR6mMi\'- i%'j,^ Caius Acilius, a fenaitpr, tranflated ^ 

* Nejferthelefs they, make him. Caraiades's orations, If. ij j, 
perpfebai Ijiflator,";^/!/.* The. Caios AnHJuspkiilhy S^jla^^itfil 
views they had in it, ;W. He ^ y^'usS!aJinfi(^r,iV.'i^D. . 

fets iip th« image 6( PomftyJ' Catus ufurfl^iis' ofcaHoris the re* 

whi^h had becii wirowq d6wn> conciliation of Crajus-zrid Pern- 

and \yha{jt/V^c faidofir, 3i58. . fiey^^llT. 4^3|,"'454^, IV. ^3f^' 

"He' cftceined' the affeSJons. pf ' 140. ' - » 

' the pe'o]^liis iiureft guards ;^. Caiui Cie/ar,'VVi^i\ Cee Co'/ar.- 

T a Cairns 

lie tebixttd? and rcpeoplcj Caf-' 
//^^^^^amrvCm^ Wia 

ambition ana his j^reat defigtts^ 
3^9. &c.' He reforms tKe caleii- 
dar, 590^," 'His dcli^e jd be iii^6' 
King draw's thelia'ftfed of the 
pcpHl§ on hi ma 351^^ His 

• nauglity'behaviour tb'the kibtii 
fuls, praetors, " ^hd tenaie', iiij, 
IJe is* fehfibly toiidi^* .on^tfre 
peoples ' rcfentuient,, '^J, * St^^ ' 
CrONvn^^laced'on htfft&ffte^i?*!- 
moved hv thetribunes, (bt* Whiiil^ 
he depoled tlvem, 393 , fife tsAh 
the people ir^/ir and Cujtuti iti; 
^erifipn* ibid* His rcfperf tot^ 
5r///ax, ibid; fiff . What'Wf^jd; 

• -of Brntas arid Cajfius^ Antony 
znd ' DoiabfUa, 394, and 'V, 
297. The prodigies rjiit fore- 
told his death, ibid. Jkc: B&. 
Wats foretold it* by ^ Ibptlifay^r,.^ 
395. He expires at.tV fe^t of 
the ft^tue of P^mffy> 39^*. The 
confidence of his murderers, x^^ 
The' reading ' his will, and tlie' 

' fight 6f 'his body, i^aJpirat^j 

the people,, , TV.' 4bo. His ag^^ 

- when he ,w^ killed, 40 1* ^ * .. 

Cof/arf Lucius f deputed froirf the' 

' copjicll of Gf/V^ to iritercf^e^ 

for them to C^/ar^ v .* 1 9*3 , * ' ^^ 

C afar ion the (bi of Julius CA^ar 

Murdered, 564.. \ V*- ' ^.^ 
Caifts Anfonius^ {^^ Antiinius^ '. "^ 
Ci2/W,' the fbfter. brother- of M- , 

thridates^ took away by iteaitb. 

the crown of MitJjrida/esy and, 
ave it. to Faujlus, the fop of. 

I H 9 B X. 

[ augar, (is prefliftion orur- 
Jaf*& viaonr> ,1V, 377. 
tjOius Hlgrittmut. See Hire 


m. 19c. ..' ;,^^.* 

CattieUs tae ufarer, V. 11. 
CalUcleSf the foa f>t Arr^^if V. 

«■ S •'* v. "X 

Ctf/ir/ £«^y the nrohew of Afk- . 401.. 

' rnK/y icilld by ^rthomus^ and Cmicraies wrA I^itim'tw^ ^^^^U 
for what, QI. f-jo. te6(s who built the PAvi^lfi^ at 

Cai«/ Aarqii CoriofaHus^i^^ Cm^ 

.pianutm il. I A3.' ' 
&iiri Mariuip wt Marius^ 
Caius Mimuius^ih advice tO J9r«- 
. /K/ and the peofUj^ph the de* 

mand of Tar^uifEgA. 249, 
liki^ MeieUus^ fee Metellus. 
iSaiuJ Patianuj relembled Crajfus^ 

lit 459* ^ 

t;4<»/P/>the1i%a]^ian, III. 160. 
^anuu an /W/4ir philbfopher* 

t^ttmtih^ AtexhndirylV , 234. 

• His aitogance and rudeneis, 
'^11. Mis title name was Spbi^ 

^neSf why called Calanuj, ibid. 
^ Kjs allegoric^ advice to thofe 
Princes who are mailers of ex- 
teniive dominions, i6U^ The 
' manner of his death, 3 15 • 
CalippHs an aicqdaintance of D/- 
: 0«'s, with whom T>ion lodg- 
ed at JfbfrtsiVL 16. He 
, <!nter« ^yratufi with Dion^ 28. 
\Bis treachery; to Dm«, 50. 
Re xxi orders D/9«, 52. l^iUed> 
' and by whom, 53. 
tlpJUadti an Atbehiafi captain, 

* Yiri«^^ by theCW- 
; cidiansy III. 379. 
C«/iirtfi^furnamed thericb^ theifon 
^ ^ci Hiffonicus^ It, 33. He de- 
clared If he died without dul- 

-' dreii^ that <<tfc/^/Vi^/iiis brother- 
in-law fliould be hishbir,5g., An 
iiquft and Cfuel aftion or his, 

'IF..391I 'Accafed,^2o. Jpirft 

ciAGn to ufW^/4f/ibid.' tie 

" ^niafries Bifimce, m. 279. ^ar- 

.tict^c honour^' decreed to ^im 
^)y the JtheniMSf ;for Having 
managed' the treaty with the 

Ring o'fPsr/a, III. 292. 
CalUim a Sfartan, .^pointed go- 

JibetUj, II. 20., • ^ . i 
tallicraiesf a Spartdti cpqimander, 
being woimded at thr battle of 
PUt^ea^ what he faidjnft before 
he es^pired, II. 409. ,, . 
CallicrafeSf a. General qf the ^« 
racu/amf challenged Lamacbus^ 
and they flew each oth^^ JiL 

. 398.. 
CaliicraieSf one of the^ deicen* 

dants of Jnticrates^ wha^ pri- 
vileges he enjoyed, IV., 100. 

CalUcr^tidiu a Spartan cbxmnaft* 
der, his anfwer to the ^ogur, 
IL 289. Blamed for not tak- 
ing fuiHcient care of )umj(elf ^ 
General, ibid. Sent to fuccekl 
hffander^ but not Hked, aaii 
why. III. 183. Not fit for a 
Court, 184. Slighted at the 
Court of Cfrtf/, ibid* His vir- 
tue and bravCTy, 18^ Over« 
thrown and flajn a.tth^tatde 
at u^r^/ffj^, ibid. 

CaHitkacbuf^ a great engineer ia 

^the, fervice of Mifbrida^es^ ill, 

^ 329, Sets fire to the city, of 

Ami/us^ ibid.. Taken prifbner 

by IfUcuUuj in Nijibis, and l^ept 

inchaiiis, 351; 3 c 2,,.' ", 

Cailimfdofi (xtnampSiC^^us^yds 
faying fo y/«A^ii/«r a^nft the 
Atbhfiofu, V,, 29... Flies^^pom 

' ^^j(f^h 45.,, The,; Atbii^Mu 
cohdeihn him, 38. ' ' 

Caiiifbwif an Aibetfi^ exile, jii- 
\tercedes with ^jm ibr Afims, 

III. 23$. ; 

Cali^des, 9^ excdlei^^^tra^jkk 
*a«or;'lt 132.. }Hb' vanity, 
IV. 88. 

CMliflbineSf a freedmau^ of Z«f fi/" 

ikr's, gives him an. intoxicating 

* ' " pbaon> 


o e 

' l^itM, lM AM nfdi aA iS; in- 

tnt, III. 365. , 

C^ifthtmi tbe j^hndAplicr, ei^- 
' deaVMn to alJeviAti! tli6 nief 

of AUxandtr when .lie lad 
■ wnrdered <:&/«, IV. i^jJ^TlB 
' refleilioa on Anaxm'chus, 2p4. 

^s charafler, i^j. His oraci^ 

on'tilpnure^of the Macdimit^ni, 

Ibid, One m their difpraire, 

ag6.' The JUjrtaba/njri hajced __ ^_ 

him tmtt after, ij/y. What he C»mil!ui"v/'^y 

&id of AUxaaJer, Aid. ^rt- 
Jtmlti judgment of him, iUd. 
The horrible advice he gave to 
Uermnlaiu, 397. He Was foil 
of Hrrethe niece di JrifietU, 
298. Various reports of hit 
death, ibid. 

CelUftraiui, principal fecretary to 
MttbrTdatii, taken prifoner, and 
killed contraty to Liuulin^i or- 

, der. III. 337. 

'Ctdlijiratiu the orator, V. 379. 

CalU/Tui, (be grandftther of N^m- 
fSidiiu, VI. 207. 

Celparvia the daoghfcr of Pyi, 
mamed to C*/fl»^, IV. 341. V. 
. I73. Hef dream, 395. Tjufts 
heiielf and effefls to Antdm af- 
ter the murder of Cafar, V. 
300. ■ 

Celfurnii, ASmum tiiaiU Co Cal- 

~ Ied,'fi«mC«//iu oneofthefoni 

of Jttwa. 1. 18$. ' "- ' 

CalparHiui 6ihklut, '&t Siiulut, 

IV. 34a'-',, ;■„■; ■ 

Cahimiui tautHriiu'^liac'heroaBy 
ki^ yuliutSafimMo^, IV. iu 

CaOiifhibJ PjA, ft* PTJS:' ^ 

C0^, 'bn£ of the foos ofNaka, 
- i. 188, ''."'/, 

Caivljiiii a dependant on' Au^jikst, 
\a.i aUtifittons tS AntBhy, V. 

Cm>Ma StAiHui ' a J&ffdi*' Qeoe- 

mJ.'VI.'209. ' y^ ■■' 

CafyJmiaM bmr, Tie/eat ad^fd^ 
' 'Mtleitgfr in flaying it, I. --' 
Cumhjfii, fifty thoulknd' i' 

^iih bitdcd In ^ Tindai^n''. 

'S9' ■/ ■ -i 

Camel's faanfe. a ^ce lb caUed* 

IV. 266./'^ * , ::. 

CoMmnu invadeJJ{«/9r dunng the 
tirte of thf^plague, r,8s- Van- 
quiflied b^ Re^diuf whip tVfM 
theircity, ilrij. , :,. 

Camilim, a, naOtC given to "tin; 
y»uUi that 'ftcvejin tbe "tOTr 
f\ta(^iti^, I. l63f .»%." 
vmllui, wjiy taevcr inadc confoli 


, Wa» ths firft ofhii 
family w]io raifed himfelf't^ 
honour, 323. A great a£Soa 
of hi) in the wars againft 'ibf 
Feffdmni, ibjd. Created fin- 
for, lAi/, Two very gboJ aSs 
of his in bis cenforihip, 324. 
A fecond time military tribune, 
ihid. Reduces the fttk/H and 
Cafenatei, 325. Created dic- 
tator the tenth Year of the 
fiege of Fin, and the vow h« 
made, 327.. Toole Feii by 
miningof it,'3z3, 319. Weep* 
for pity to fie the city pi jijder- 
ed, 329. His generous prayer 
to the gods, Hid. The coofi- 
quences oftt, iHJ. He fend* 
the ftatue of jww toRome, 330, 
Triamphs in a! chariot drawa 

2 four white horfe^, which 
enated. the^ffe^ons oftfie 
dtizens from bim, iiiJ, Sec. 
Oppofes <t law for removing 
half of the'people oTRanie to 
Ftii, 331. ^s vow to dedi- 
cate tlict^iith'of the IpdiU of 
Feii to jffi)l&^' ihid: Themea« 
1 that, afn. 
Itujn for 
le' cnolen 
What he 
e child^n 
■ffea' that 


I If O TE X. 


V f. 355. A^cofed'bjfZfMcw^ir- 

iiaWk He jiffo1ees'.A<A. bioifh 

dUjn&l^ land, ike ihfi^xecadDns 

h^ made aa^mft .tb^-Jlpminjf 

flfiiteon thckikn&'jtSS^slid..His 

behaviour at j^rjea after .;&p/m 

. jsr9fl..;tpkeii-b^ tte i'fi»«fi^; 348U 

,The nsunngue he mode to the 

feats part of the army. of the 
.^i (bmis^ ibid, -ig^v. Xhe Roim»s 
^ offer him the chief command, 
:/> i^i hh tnfws£ii^^> . Qeclai- 
. edVdiAaibK' by. the fenate^.in 
iiAbci €apkof» \^lif it ^sti be- 
,;4cged .byv jhe 'G«8/jt 350. 
. £<om& to jB/7air.i\tbi]otbfi fenate 
were treating with jSngnnus to 
Jbnieiid^x thfi capital, 35^. Hi) 
^: Ip^ecK to the Gaulu ibJKi. The 
. anfwer he ma(^ to BrtHms^ ib. 
Qsfc. Overthrow's tfa^GA^^SMid 
' ia(;es ; their caoofp^ 3 S 4* '^^^* 
.Enters ;^«fffr ifrtniimph, /^ii. 
, KeAor^s the tempifes, and erefts 
a n((w^ pne to Jfij^ I^ttjtfUtiusj 
J^K^y -Seditious .'^cfleftions on 
him, /^V.^ C6njtitttied Pldlator 
b^ the iSinats, UmI^ Chofett a 
; thirdjiipe Pidat&r^ 3 J9. Mar^ 
: ches to a0ilt .th^^ Roman army 
ISei^ered on ixxomx. Mar/tusf < lb. 
:' MarcHes to ;affift the, Sutri^nsy 
, •wha.Jfed jiili fu|:rendered their 
. £tty, which' he ji^take^ the ikme 
^. day, ior which he triumphs* 
560, .36i.« • Chofen again mi- 
'Ij^ary tribune, 362« Importun- 
, ^ by th^ people: to accept the 
• tribunefhip the fixtji time* 363. 
. ' vAffids t4ie Roman » all ics » ihi^, 
. By reafoa of hiB wealoiefi-con- 
Kinuea>in <h6€am]9«uwbile Lu- 
cius his rcoMea^uc en^^es the 
' enemy > ihU* . B«at«"' tTO f^/^ 
€ftni who had fa ken Satrichn, 
ami drives them out of the dtv. 

^ coiff^i ai|d .th^irj:bbh^-|<l«f '^on 

4^is; e^ifUiig,f/^4bi&aa£««iibe^ 

. >tk«iii; (inteilQefibri)lo Jlbtc^Qfiriifiite, 

365... 4 ioiutk. we turned 

the fei^atc .in dskiingikJmfiilf, 
Betakes hiiiife]f>itt>iihis ''koctfe^ 

\ aiK& prct^ds)fick0e(^ V36i6i^> A 
fifthvt^ne ichofefi J>i^ton!Sd;i6p- 

>»pofe tbejG!irtfZs;:^id/' rHk-fUfa* 

. j3^7« i.i^ •kdcnatiijdei&,.'9^^ 
The people inMin^^^ "d&ve 

^ i)Q^^i}fitha.aa»&tk'cl^fe»votiror 
their body, and the fenat^^p- 
pe£ijg it, contifttfe -€witi^ 
Pidtator, 369- sA«?DiBc«*« of 
the iribtitnes eonuiiaiid^'hi^^td 

. rife from the tribunal a4{^ fol- * 

^ low.him-y iiuL \ He^Qwivto 

. bnili^ A temple ta>^4»^^ ibid. 
Dies of a peftne{tt!e|l^i$tkflefs, 

Cffmpis Maktiits, m(oftiiDr4t{%ad 

been poi&fiiKi byifwkfdittt; I. 
2554 .V. . : : - •. . ^^'••-'' . A-- 
Cantulaiai, a good^ foldi«f ]g0es 
0iF; fram £tuius' tQ) '^^^h 

Camhrum, a chariot oi: chair,^ the 
deicriptjon of it, iV. 86, -^ 

Candidates to be .dad -'in a-tobie. 
gown, II. 157. An agreement 
maide 8mos)|^ thejai wpr^fent 

bribery, V. 34^1^ '• ' 

CtfffVK^, battle of, 11. .^jv- .'-- 
Canes> Jawli'ns o»^ of^QUfan, 

canes. III. 21a. ^ ^^^•■ 

Coftti^itts the tribiiney *ht^^prop^i61 

4>f lending /^.m^{v an^iafia^or 

to Ptdemy reje<^ted by^^die -fc- 

^-nate, IV* 1 7.7* ....:/ . *;«ii > ' 

Canitiius fcnt by ,C«/<?- tQ^C>3Wwj, 

'4a«d for what, V. ,73^ '^j^.^--" 

Ciaui^h^ "Atffitif's iieutXtia^fy^V. . 

319. Being bribed by Q/fipa» 

* ^lb^lr,.he.perfQades•^yff^r tb let 

^ fier c<^ti n ue with th^'^tV*340 . 

His advice -w ^^i^ny^ * J^7^« 


I 3J O B X. 

...)\^,^54&^iAfceri/i>A7i^»fiigkt he 
.-r^ifwfif^ihecaitipt'j 5^v He bribes 

i ;^^ aeao ^iiflvt 355. >;. 
Canii^Utdiiius choien ooAfilifor 

Canmcius 4IIL); aad :(i^«y ^ scvoUs 

mtediby : j&^«|K0,; : JL \ 1369; } ' > 
Om«/.i^ nufietaii^ howt revrjonded 

Cfiv»iim.\^\ celdbrated la^r^iAVI, 

Cafe9f4ies overthrown hjCamilU' 

Capinffiati a SrkBi o£ Jriaufh YI. 

Cfiphis^ktAhy S^a tOiDieifiihii to 

, JkiTifi 0n tberichcs;helQngiofl| to 

thetenjpllif 111.233. Hii^let- 

ter to ^y//a on that fubjed^ And 

$yiU^i fiiif&titf iW. v.Thr. ier* 

vic^ -b« ilid Sylia in condu^ng 

Rorienfius to join him, 237; 

CApbtJm%. a mu£ucian, Jll. ^5<« . ' 

Capitolf the efe^ theifight of it 

, produced in the accuieri 4nd 

..judges of .Manhuti -I* 'j^i* 

Surnt ill, the time, of ^/b« ill. 

. 254» /I'aken by the Saiint^ L 

74-- . 
QfipUolifmi ^^/»/««^ created Cic* 

tator, I. 361, 362. 
QapitolinuSf accuied by MarctUus 

fbr .a vi$dott9 attempt Qn his 

fon, II. 332. 
Ct^a^ /uriendeired to. HanvihaU 

JI. 75. Retaken by th^ confiils 
: Fukvius and Afpius^ II. Sdw 
Captives facrl£cea to B^drnt O-^ 

meflij, U 299. 
Caranus, Alexanfieri^^t^ni^i from 
him by^.the father^t iidfi» IV* 


C^r^^ defeated by the. Tenunts 
and Amhrones^ III. 123. He 
4nd C/'iitxra commit great violen- 

tesi iiii< ^Sm^^ 2^ • cvl^aji he 

> :j6ud>^ tol^pd^'lsidjr^ if^ lie$ 

/< infb->iL%A/^>i;o6XiOil thc^diieith 

of OttteA oaiotiis tb^ goi^mi- 

: 3ifcint;'{¥i fa|^>Hpiit4ordcfeith 

>^by>P«it«eiif, ''ifS5^}.i >j^.\'A 

X^umi toldier * /ioilU >€yru^ and 

. howl«waH^ikA/i\U;f'l2it;;^*iiHis 

•'..- vank9'ii"/A»y*>''; . ^r "'"/'' 

■j**lVi faaa '>ri :?. ••.S'.'-i -*j'iT 
(^/a^4flragod)ki6^ Wcrosoiaiie^ 

' I. -So/ (.^u .••:- Il »;. q •':f3\ 
Cftrmmti^a^ a fekfllfd odk^df L 

CanuiadeSf.Xrf^sssDs^ eratoi^ifent 
amba^dsorto KormfwrtnAUImnst 
III. 560. /iFhe J^<04iii«>cbiiitm- 
ed with his - eloq«ence«> iiiif. 
JFoandcr vi^the new.* aooteiliyy 
. IIL 3<Ir3^; r >.j'/ 

Cfitneus, the ^^mne of ai mohth 
which th^ i^imtfxrrcaU JI^a- 
^/Vww»,*ni. 414. • if^ 

Carmti$s and jkf^trMh ^ waiSke 
people an^on^ the Qatds^^V, 
355.. yntiMgetoriif WQ«:dieir 
gcnerair i^/^* ^Defbat^Hby 

Cartk^ff ^SAtiiymofda by ,C>!i/- 

Cmfh^Mans appear. jhi^^H^e i(4cify 
with a. grtar iiivy,';:lItTi^^6. 
They join: Icdss agaifii: tim/e* 
ofh 20Zi Send cweimr gaUies 
to j^d&iT^nott jjoidppore^f^flJMlff's 
paflage> Z04. Vexed :at being 
Ottt«>witted by ^ixntinn^ nz^S. 
Send a great acmy into '£m^ 
. finder AfiimiaJ ^nd'HoMii^r^ 
.X22. Pa& the Tiver Cruaejbj^ 

. and their order of battle* 224. 

Defeated by Tim^Vi zl6» 

' The Dumber of Carthagipia^s 

cut off ia that battle, ii/^. 

T'hey make peace with . JhSs- 

. sMTCK/i 227. Siend Oi/2^0 with 
frefh forces into^/W^t ^id. 

. JsTr. The firft time they cycr 
employed Greeh in (Heir fer- 
T 4 vice* 

h ^ p 

0i^ib^' (if^tusX the m X*- 

'*TO. ^9^r .... 

fyjTtf, ife'iHl thatatfattltedC^r. 
■' 7&^ when he was hjurd^crpd^ IV. 
:'^bi: A faying o^ his, VI. 99. 

^Hffanira tlie'daagnter of ^ri^' 
''Musy V. 132. . 

<3y^4^,'ii;ret^. of Crate's 
' Wendfhip, '^akes care of the 
^'^dtitati6n of Jiis fon Pbtlopig^n^ 

'.in. 3. 

p'djkh^ Ae inbrtal enemy of 

•^^^/^f. III. . 59. . He de- 

'^iraXidiS ryrrbtu^ when an m« 

'ftht, from Qlmciasi pnd oficw 

**twb hundred'taients, which arp 


pbjandfr^ fcn^ of the fonsof^«r- 

^"tipatetf toughs to fee the Bar* 

*' hart Aits iAdit' Alexander ^ IV. 

^ 'j2b. The deep , imprefflon 

•' Jllexandei's menace made on 

- Jim/ 32 f. He caufcs Dtmades 

" and his foh to be feized and 

^ mtirfcrcd/ Y- \h 33- ^^ 
'■'diffikea >wiat ws ftther had 
^ Vlone^ and feizps on the govern- 
' -Anient, 3 J. His army defeated 
, hfVemefriuu V. ?53. 
^amus Sahaco^ 'fee iahaco, III. 

nog." • V '*'. ■ " 
(74ij5i</ thj* prastbf defeated by 
'''Spariacus, III. ^28. 
fajjujy' qux^Ot to Crafus, hi3 
' brudcnt advice tpthat genera!, 
' in. 440. His Iharp expoftu- 

^ation with the'^mftoi* Jriamnes^ 

'''%^^'* A witty i-epty pf his 455. 

^Marries Jund the filter of jfru^ 

" fui, Vl: 62: Jiis 'charafter 

^ 'aid ertftihy to iUjar^t^:^ " A 

jboH iaion of lils w'hilft a chfld^ 
^'dir'"' tils cbtivei-fation with 

• |b !Pff;$»^*s ftata^: pi9t beferf 

• ^ the mlirJef dfC^ar, 7 1 : 4/^i' 
^' S^dccrefd t6 him; 73,' Soii^c 

. tcr, g>^ fiy*, . Hj«bM|WP^.^*3t 
pelirers n thbi- |i(Ntbfif>lu9 
ueafafc to .^ir/^, fti, .Jlj^ 

. ,auel behavkmr fr RMr^ft. 

, .^afe -»*/»/ pf ^9)ngi«i^ 

;. flri^ an ^^ferver of :j«|S|c0» 89. 
«|^ts .difcourip to JB^tttl ufon 
apparition*, :90. . ^^ xmhutk^ 
omen which hap^eQf4 jCo' bim 
juft btfore pbe b^tJ^, j)^. Hi| 
fdvice againlt epgagiii^/'i^V. 
Sups in private tie , nigjit be- 
fore the batt]e»g3.' ]^ dH^ 
^ f oorfe to Mejaia, Md* , Ani 
to '^rutuf, ibid. The.Hing^un-T 
der fais comms^nd npnfpdi piu) 
|)i$ C9)p:fp phinder^^ 91^ |f is 
death owing ^o si^iSb^%e^}^j. 

•> Killed vy Pindarm, vyjtli the 
, fame fwjord he ha4,aade 'nfc oJ" 
ir the murder pf C^Mt\iSsMi* 
All the fevere a^ns ^cf^ppiit? 
ted \by Stutui inipiitffcl. to Ci^- 
»/^ ipp. « 

Gi^iij ^abacQt a friend ofMariuSf 
expelled the feoate by tiie Qfu* 
/ors^ Uh ip9, 1 10. 

CtiMns Sc^va^ his great co^£9ge^ 
IV': 343. 

G?/?(7r and PoUujie • demand their 
fifler //i?/?«, I. 42. Make war 
againft Mens, 43. . Ileceived 
into Athens, 44. Initiated into 
the cerempnies. of Cern^ ibid^ 
Appear in the battle by the h^e 
Regilks, an4 immediately after 
^tRome, to give notice <^.fhe 
vidlory^ II. 146. T^^gbt.tq 
attend, on I'j/ander in . a n^yal 
engagement. III. 1991, Iq 
^hat tljey chiiefly delighted, VL 

.1^4.: : : 

Cat/apbr»^h P^iLt4iM' foldicrs 
Cpmpleatly armed, if L 440, 

Cdttline,' Lucius, having p^mdimd 
his own brother, how favp\Q-ed 
hySy^a, III. 2^1.., Very aea? 

; fubvmiii5thegpyejiimeh^433. 
fbf Conlpiracy. againft Kome, 

1/ N'i P 1B^' » 


>'»f. His ^afSaer, V, 420. 
^9^ tti^ fbt the cohrdlih^^t 
•iJo%k,^4il. IBs defigft'to 

- M CMifUIftip tt fccond time^ Vi. 

' he gftfhe^s'io) arfny, 416. He 
" and ^':J#aiy def{r6>cd by .|«- 

CU» the elder> an obfemuGn of 
lik, tk^'toAtempt of lifc 11. 
887. 'Hj^'iriginal, 425: Wliy 

^ Was cHang^d'to that of^Jato, ib. 

'His fecit '^efcribed* J^^-. ^^ 
■" tcdpefBiaeht and dijpofition of,*" 
' bbdy, • i*Fi/. He accuftbn^ed 
'^'bitufelf to plead cauies in bo- 
"rdttgh^, ahd villages/ and gain- 
ed ' coiifiderable repatatton^ iL 
He refufed fees for pUaditig, 
42^.* ^ Bat ferenieen years oTd 
when be made hi? 'firft <!am- 
)aign, i^tJ. His beb^vibur in 
wttle, i^/i* He always march- 
ed on foot^ and carried his own 
■ arms, /^/V. His tempetance» /3. 
The reflexions he made on 
' Manfus Curius^s mannfcr of Uv- 
ingy ihid. &c. He ferved un- 
der Faifus Maximus at the £ege 
4}fT^rerttum, 428. Was con- 
' ildetftbly advanced in years be- 
' f^t he ftudied Greei^ ibid. 
' Fonned his ftyle ;oppn that of 
PimoJiheneSy ibid. The manner 
''of hi'fi living in the coantry, 
429. Advifed to go to Rome 
by Falerius Flaccus^ by Whofe 
:' jntei-efl he was made a military 
tribune^ then ^useftory thencon- 
•""fa},'^ afterwards cenfof, iiid. 
He admired Fabim Maximum as 
* the bell modely and on hi^ ,ac- 
GoUnt dSFered with S^i^Oy ibid. 
* 7he remonfirance he made to 


5.^* 111:^^11, n; 4M^^ 

aij^cfitglMipeito Jit fent tQi?^ 

Safio^s aniWer, /*iV. He>as 

ibiq. Continued .to. ^cal^m 
himfelf to ^-ugaliQr and m^u 
ilia. &C. \^Jii5 m94er#>«!wjA 
oeconomy/43i. Made^oo^lou- 
ple of fdlinfe his fl^ves^ aisi they 
^w old,, titji, Hw moileriii- 
on while he coQimaBd^dl^e 
atmy^ 433.' When governor 
. of SarMini^htvfdA i^emaiJk^^de 
for his pIainner9|,/^/4/. ||.ii( id- 
flexible with regard to pab]|^ 
jufbce, 434, ibUi. The chaffc- 
ter of his ilyle, ibid. . Scvcial 
coodfeyings ofhi^, U^ii^.i^c. 
Sent into Sp^in^ 437,. "The 
danger he was in» and how .he 
ireed him&lfy ibid, kc. He 
gains a battle^ and razes the 
walls of 400 cities in i^ne 
day, 438. He, gives every fcl- 
dier a p6un4 of filvcr, , iljid. 
On what occafion 9^e.,of 
his fervants hanged hiWdf» 
ibid. His anfwer toScipio the 
. great, 4^9. After his triumph 
Sill continues to ferve in the 
zsmyy ibidy Sfc He retained 
the inhabitants of Corinti, 9a^ 
ira2aA Mgiumxfi their duty, 
440. Speaks to ^ Atbtnitms 
by an interpreter, ibid. > The 
ref!e£^ion, he made on Ppfiiumi' 
us Albinusfot writing a hifl^y 
in Grfeky 441. What Jhe. did 
againft Autiochm who had pof- 
feifed the plains of Ti^ermfyf^^ 
ibid. (fff. , His^^ocb to the 
. Firman^y 442. His boafting 
' account ,0/ iiU jown > exploits, 
44 J. Sent by the conful • to 

jlUmiy ti» carry, the news of the 
vidlory, ibid^ He arrives at 
Ropit from Bmndufium in five 
days, ibid. Encourages the pro* 
fecution of offenders, 444. 


I N D E X. 

Evefi^o^'flthe jgreat and his 

. brother Ludm^ lU 444. Was 
lugh fifty times ^ufed* x^. He 
faw therourth generatipn> 445. 
. He ftands for the office of cen- 
ibr, and meets-with great op- 
poiitioii* ibid^ ice* • Chofen 
cenfbr wkh. Falerius Fhccus, 
446. What he did in his cen- 
forftip, 447f f^^* He refbsms 
die Raman Wxvffy* 44^» 449* 

. Hccuts oiF the fupes that con- 
veyed, water to private houres^ 
44^* And demoHihes build- 
ings that juttpd into the Kreet, 
iSiJ. He is fincil two talents, 
ftid^ He builds the palace 
called the Poriufn hall, 450, iL 
The people ere£t a (latpe to him 
in the temple of health, with 
an honpuraole infcription, iSiJ. 

' His (ayings on thofe who glo- 
ried in having ilatues ere^ed 
to thenL» f^/i. He preferred a 

. wife of high birth to a rich one> 

.451. He preferred the charac- 
ter of a go(^d huiband to that 
of a great fenator, ibid. He 

. educated his fon himi'elf han^h 

^ in learning and exercifes, ibid^ 
Charaftero£hisfonji45Z. This 

,ibi^ mazxied -TVr/fVi the daugh«- 
ter of P. JEpuUus. ibid. His 
xeafon for pur^hafing yornig 
flaves, 45^3* His manner of 
treating hia Hayes, /^/^. He 
quitted agricultare, and why, 
Hid. .Guilty of ufury, 454. 

'He lent money- to his ilaves, 
apd. how he made them repay 

•him, ibid. The pf aifc he gave 
tQ thofe who ia)pi«>ved their 
jfortunes,^ ibid. Difpleafeid to 
£jpd the. i?0/v^i«i' taken with the 

cloqueijce of ,Ca3[ni4i4tA^ 455- 
>^s ear^oeflnefs ta^aA^bimand 
Diogenes .difinifled, ii;V, &c. 
His refledioft upon ^rates^ 
. 4<6. His vain predidion, 
, if id. A great enemy to'phyfi- 

. . oiims, AV. Aitieatlflf colktain* 

iflg . prefBrij«doii3( >for {iimfk. of 

' his own family»kbfii^rfick/38nd 

. theregin^en dlqo wsniitodob- 

' icrve^ Htid. iec» 'lal&is 0^ age 

' be.^arri^^ a young^ /ififr^l4|8. 

TJie dccaiioft of.tfaatlariadi^, 

. 4}7. His anfiver tal'^r.^n 

tfaereopoQy 4^9*' Hfl;bole)'^ie 

. death of his eldeft^fon with.^ 

te8i|^r.of.a philo&p^erii ic^i^/. 

His amit&meBtS|. 459^ .He 

wfQtira book on oounity jtSSu^Sf 

ibid* He kept a betcei'.liQme 

in the countiy ^uuiin .town, 

: ihUn The genecai t^ivv^tus 

eoniveirfation at tahb, if^ He 

fi^ttfed the third Pumik iv/^to 

. be undertake, 466Li ^eiaj 

fent ttx Carthtgey . he -. finds ^e 

city in a flottriikmg .kjonditiqai. 

ibid. His great jodgiiient in 

. the repoft, he made to • the ie^ 

nate, ibid^ Sec, Wbdneverbe 

gave his opinion, he an^clnded 

with filing, Carth/miJhaU h 

dmoUJbtdv 4611. His reaibns 

1^ the neceiiity of d^oying it, 

ibid. A verfe of i/f«er wmch 

he applied tDyoang^^/V»462. 

What children he left^ ibid. 

His advantages over Jriftidts^ 

' . 461, lie. He was great graiid- 

fetner to Cato the youi^r, V, 

Cato Mar0tu, theibn of. Ca/a die 
cenibr, loilhis fwordtfiibatde, 
and what htf did Xo.ilteoiieitM, 
IJ. ^64, ' •; .-. v. ,-.a ! 

CasQj, the gnandfon qfj. (^^ the 
cenTor,, Ibme ' accodnt vootf^Juta, 
II.. 425.. ' ,, . - .-.(; /.';•■■: . 

C^^ pf u^Aptf ofFendedatithfilm* 
' vn^yofJiUtuilus .hi&iirothto>4'n- 
:fc|w^ III. :36i. He -toppofcs 

M^ise admired than^^fcOklwed, 

>JI[. 4z6^. Cxhort&fid^ieferto 

fippofc Crajiu and /^fl»/f>'i 435, 

• Whatt<happen*d to hinrat^itr- 

. t 

tr N^i til 1^''. ± 



f! Jenifi>lc£oidy^r£8ji t Wbjrf^e 

• :^[%E imiy iinrid!anaipbrovwt>f 

o^iir,/ 37iv- Mr aSd--to>ift>' after 
, : tfadflbactk) pf . j'i^tfiyyfitf < ' fly)<1to 
.^Afrka^, 38a. ' He itillflltimrelf, 

• lbftiJo«s4 3^f - Bis >giefie&ldg$r, 

.41^ tiUft' an' :4rph2^n, ^Jftad 

ininryouth he was (>FwitffiiaKi- 

.'k)bedi6i»ctd Mf^feboolmaft^^'l^. 

. mar f^/>^W'^/^ f««l <if4iitt, 
^en. Bat a^hilcb,^ '43^ Hh tx;- 
kavkmc wton at ^ajr wrth-oikir 

. duhirft%>^M : Vl^hen^a ypMh 
madetapcadirin the4}ftlta^<E»^- 
led the Trojan Courfe, 44. Oal*- 
'lied'bj^ his fciiooliiia^' lichen 

. «bimt ^liitsen ^wars did ito ^- 

of htSy i^/V/, His lov^ A>r*fafis 

.Mockery 4f^\ Hrbmadebn^ 

o£j/>fiiyb^dbfd. iTaketf hiit^llDait 

of the paternal eftate, and- liv«s 

V sidmifaseMJtban befort, i'/^. 

/ Stadksndiond^philo&dhy'^^itd 

-pobftiolwviA^^V. ' 'His Wve-^^^r 

t vikicaev>\pan&iniiavly' <kit^k)flari- 

.Hftijuflkeriifria^. titsiapf^kii. 

' on ^^ td^acoDtf Ibid, ^c* - ^ 

. ppdJkfi^gsoA hkf V* ^.6. tThe 

. firi oecktoJidtook^fiftef^iiig 

« « 

" taaer^^A-y/^lfe.^ ' *s a fbeiker, 
' 46. Wi^'iifctifft^M- rimftlf to 
' ^bobn 'yftyi? :. Hfe tJferf t6 'go 
.' bareihealded,' jri^.' ' Mfs piti- 
ende i<fid abftifeefoc* iti fickhas, 
' 47; ' HcTw^ukifit.a»"ti%ht*at 
t^tabfe' ' ftir'^ -coftverfaiiQji, V^iy. 
■'"Mis sev€ffim^ tt^^ 1^^ ^uxii^^of 

- the tiiriei, ai^d> tk^^iiitgiilAtky 
-'of:his<}fe^,'/«?i',^ He? lent^^o- 

ney td'his IHeridi u^Jlhon^ffrter- 
» efti r^ii// Afc '* 'Ince^tfed'it^- 

- iagdifitppbiiift^irtlm raawl%c 
' with lej>fd»^\ ^K He writes 
. iamycks^' ^^ft ^^^/^ who 
' iwwried htr, jr^ifiii [fe mJtrries 

Miia the daughter df^btanAs^ 
' ilwd; '»Hc goes a volanteer un- 
der GWy^f agalnft SpArtaeits, ib. 
He refufes thfe tewards of!«red 
•hjm by the general, r^///* Tic 
:only one* that dbej^cd 'the 1^ 
<againft' prompter*, ibid: Set, 
Made militkfy trithme knd 'fctt 
into 71/tf ^^^lb«r4,' 49^. Whit he 
fkrd to Miffiotius, ibic^ His' at. 
tdndants ki* bis jcrtlrtitty/ «^/k 
' Rubrius givbs%im the command 
of a lt^\&ttyibid: How hc» ^tf. 
ciplined his feldiers^ iM. He 

• goes into Jfia to converfe #Mi 
^li^Mrtfi^rtf/tbe phiiofophfer,Yi. 
liisjoyon prcvaHin^bn him fo 
come with him to the army, ib. 
The danger he ran Jn gorni^^ to 
his brother who wa* fic*:, Iblk, 
His grief ibr his brother's d^tft, 
5 1 . The charge hi^ was at k 
his funfera!, ibidi Th<5f* mitei^- 
-bfe yet endow'd with nattn^ 

tendemefs, ibid: - Hisgenet6- 
^ty to his niece, ibid. The in- 
flexion cait;on Ijhn by^ Csffn^^ 

' ibid. *A mark of the fdldiei's af- 
fca^dn for hhn when fee J^ft the 

-army, ibidr He trayels ifito 

• A^a; and wiA wfilat dcfign, ik 
The method h« obi^tved ih his 
crrivflsy 52. Thetttbdcftyof 



f H Dt K 3t 

wAnpntO'tko twhirhifaytyof the 
flmt^ he poffiMl tbrvnghi^/^V. 

. peaedas he.'W0nt!]nto MiAtfitfia^y 

; -ibKL The civSiqr AnniBed hkn 

hfBtmpty^ f $w The rdpea 

ittid him by '& ttitieflr thsmigh 

which he ^f^Ek^.md. He 

;gofs.tD fte ilfiAMiiuiMV jBod le* 

' fnfes the pnfritt» that' were .of> 

. lered hilm 944 ^ He takes his 

*. fci^therV aihiefit in tJie'ih^ with 

him* Hid*. Chpfta (^aatter, the 

fegalatioits ho made in the trea- 

.§xs!f9 55«. And the abn&s he 

4if his toiniMw' the ceofor, iF, 
.'. Jbcw He bwgs 'the office- of 

i^udftor ioDoi u^eat repute* 56* 

iitfift' tAgt xx£ Ite porfims em- 

. .apiieffied. by ^)p^sah«i prafeiiptt- 

. ;;C9|s» ^7. His.diligence in his 

-.^>offisQ,.i&V/. LWhalviiie did to 

r& fiefle^pei M^ti^ailm. the kft 

r<{day.>tf thaiB:qinEAorft%>» $S. 

i9:>iftAet hetlMas e^^^ of ^the- office 

bhOiipiXKiiin^ jtoanates of the 

.b^flko^Be(iii>|;s cof^thcistreafuryi, ih. 

VAfe,difa<iMav'.tl^!>OQ^ii^ of 

i'^{fi^m^i^t^J/f»afts:Jkm ' fiooi the 

<iii<iiatei }fiiN/t' ijHef^BMvces ac- 

^^u»ts^.la£riAkt sneftjoo^deahle 
^ut^ogstdoofiinjaBy' oC the pro-^iiMOSpf.ildii^iM^ x-H^ dreads 
i'/ahe > paicAiuandtr. Teftab* againft 
- >^30u^i(>>j5^^;(i' aniwer 
i^iue tnadfi/lisi 6^^^ who^retum- 
:>,icd Usnlithto^<aM. t. As.h'e it 
, Vgpiiig te^ bh'faBi'iA the coon- 
t i&^ihe knoDts MUMiUmoNefo^ ^ 
;^iQg loietL f^ifilr:tJir'«rib&Qe- 
£i.^p> andcw^t^eif^dof Inn, 
sti^i^ Irdi . (^e "^ithritfitfk^ 
-qipd r^mid .QtWscarr ' AtdacBd 
9:finhfint^j6pi/<(^ Hdjivinakes; a 
c .:%i^bagai|ift i>rit>e«f iiithe>e- 
^U&k»^-JCwMhi fi^M. ;An 
;V^anc9 ofihit pA]!tklit]r9^V,&>. 
:i.<\^'%iog;t)£lk)9 asi<.thl5^.ploa6n- 

' tff :aF ari#«i.>4r) i H^' lUtfte 

"rCitmm. kk iisi iwfiiliUp^^ flK/, 

< Hfa9iqpiytDGie;G»''6aCc^ibar'a 

toiJ4>iTacyy6» j(ie4Nfilfd^}Uw 

.>f ^ot in tiW'fisiiatiyqtiH)t>tt 
j.what bccafioii^ >$5* '^Dit^mes 

imvrik:At^ti»^km^4n ton* 
:.dQiA,..and'nuQfiet('ilifikr/M' the 

^dau^terioT Pi^, ihAd.''Con- 
tftntatojet^his Un^ Ihvitmfi^ 
' jveJHW&ohistvife Mitttiii^ ^ 
( '.Breveioit dilbirbabcto by> nsr* 
i fuadfi^. the ieaitt ' to diftri- 
.' bate coroamon^ tbe'deijiflioii 

ttoplst Jiifid. '^e isj^pofitkui 
. Kttade to the-deorei prcfpof* 

^iby JM0$Mi> itk ktfojue'oi 
nP««5^ 65^ 66, 6^ The 
t danger he tin oiftfaaii^ec&^ixi, 
. 66; > miac he^idiof ^isfiiAk(/» 

ibidw: ^Tk^ heifGCJ^^-^eker 

lof iMomb^ he oppoftS thfe^ie- 
.< fMte's degtadiBg'hh&^ 67^- He 
; flp|pe£?s-:l^ittfNEWM dif^bdiaM' of 

likiMtt^ 68. ^Oy^m Mhv. 
iianarto let •fail'hsi Wi^tibn, 

Md. ^ppofcs- PMiylf^Vin^ffibre 
si^e^ the' Senate/ l^/i;i>\'JMiUfes 
. the^aUknee ofibed^hy^AMov 

dladj^KT. And'Whatqlw ?aid 

otuthat oQcafiMy 6Sf ^ 'He 
joppofrsi the, diidfion ^« the 
. lands^ifiMpofed by^/^iip^jfp. 

he iaidsf;th0 aHimeoaf IWm^ 
uanAQof/m, ibid/ llMsp«Mfi- 
V «asiiBBtde life e(F^>oblige^6itfa 
' toJAkeianoath^re^ailieilaiilUnis 

7i...'He^ppdfet laaAqprnpiMd 
i(by'i?4;^ iwb ^&it(it*J^tiibn 
tiii>e£!^i&ir,ibld./ fiUt^f ^ 

!^ed li3^ rCdUkr .4die«2^ 
sritakc^edi^ CDOihnai&tfliiiit^ytffa/, 


^joflia^hSdu ^hetlAMMDad^to 

;jPliM9i|^. of.a^iHUfbK'ifid, 

IS ce^bdiiSM^ JUn#lolaij|l^|^ 
i taidial|ctwifead«MPBMii^ 


X H II ft 1! 

\ |ty^»^ ^/people •fit/iwifi^, 

fn JvwHHf§:imiit&mg the ieSkRSf 
i,.,4iJ\^f\ (A <^uteAhatliapfM8aed 

^l»>ncJiiM» ^^ • T>he>i<taift^>he 

, t^oim Iti-ttMirportiBg tfaof-iAo- 

.nejst 'Mr .The acQOiats ^ihe 

. T^^ton(m» -jpiidi'him'i&iyliis 

i^r^'h 7f^fB^ 5iThcy>diiRartd, 
, biiii;\v0^ anenK/wArvre^ahdilrd, 

. p^fbi^id^ Dmk»M9 4d ifeaiMhfor 

.fiictQpf|f)iU)^ and tt« rdofoce 

> . Vckai^i%jC|^ Aatx>ccafidiis! t/3. 

{: . Il9ir((dl Wms^ t)^^ gi%at Jra^ 

dais^j^i^; He oppbfesitliefml- 

1 1 imadiiLto '^iUsBi^i; ibid. > . rlie is 
aiaite pnMor3iit'di%flu«a(ihe 

The onkr be p^rToadoiithb^fe- 

htiff ibidt, <&0i I %AhSshmr- 

m h^ qtiolk a? ttuiiiilt^<82. 

Wi)lat,'ib«riaid.:Co rttfaeiEibiiate 

' iJmeimm^'JUk ChkSen aibi- 

, traiQKjbfTtbe Caadidatt9%&]7<^ • 

^ k^fHulii Tb6n£fte^oais.t»ft 

i 4pir.bita hf Ckdl^^ud U^r-mk-^ 

A6fWi^9^^ Htt fingtiMHbe- 

.. J&aySPUR ffaiBiiate'prcMieu) wthe 

.gaonMiekUbittdl l^jWavmkst 

^i^e iAitlOf^MKpxi^ ofWiafidMt 

: A««|f9rvt5- His imdUniSui. 

VIM tfkitlwf^eft 8&1 > Sei^ttal 

•chpicLonifi^-vibidb tsnxn^to 

diM;raiAgev<i<M; iHe 
^:>|>iit8 iqp>ib^<-dn.eoiifiikbip^ And 

. Gtt idib peoplt,Fbe km it^.i^. 
.r He^^ia c Infiitiyxiinc onccm e A at 
f ' IteJayowftfellji * iiui, Bfauncd 
.:b;)ruiCiniR^9 and Ua^^aurwir, 
r.'iS^ t8&^ idUkiadxdofrto tbeie* 

- bate lagainfiF £U^^' 8g. - He 
>^ enofes dieuftOy' olV aUi tbr ^« 
t hifflfliesiitifeAiDB-biiii :hf Oe^ 

-tfan^ Mdi'^ Exf^(e8,€^drB de- 
^ iign9iotiiB6iftte^;iAu[(!i :Wlat 
. f bet&id to tMfaotd^. Md; Hi^ 
.;.id«ide ae tbcieiune^^v^.^ sHe 
. taloeaiJibrrijr again ::iwoir': the 
f deadiof Z&r/^iy&Kr^itfiiededjoii 

. for it b^.'045tibr)tb««}t(kftnded 
• asce xhtivnoitne^bfiPIuiiacJ^ 

' ibid. {2fn '.i/*JMlQ«ved ^ampe^^ 
. :. and'ipcRt tiK* remaiQder of: liia 
. *^9rm grief for. <thic.caiaBM|ies. 

- oi hi» coontt^r'' 9^* iie > g»es 
. tb SynKtti^ itikl. ^^ {£5 msflage 

f to i?i/M^ibidc r Aiftyuig ofbis 
.> en dieitiiieertaintf of tiievwefa 
^.ofJieaveii^i^ ^JiiapioddlKa 

- and^heaumt^ iUdi >* lE?he4d« 

- :vieeiiieii|pkeico?#My«j|t^^d«»nMoa,ulk/. 

• kc* J ' h& iaipi^Meto<iVa|&/s 
:. foUaars^icatld t'tbe tsffea: ei^ic, 

. iwc&iaaBinhe'nftsahietoiilyonclof 
: tbat pahy tbat beMwitd iiia 
r: /cmmtfy'^ oiisfoniiBb^M^SifV.^ Jjeft 
^ with ^ c^tnandiatjDi^nii^f- 
'iiMr wteri^MR;^ HRiiilwd after 

Cir>f intcr^i^^tibtdi 3^e 

.npinida FiMft^^hzd of hiniiyi« 

-'iWfcAhiiioervtflnni^iia heaffd 

•»ot^9kt^s didfeajt ^^btirjfaka^ 

aibidi> TO^onrdjiriiof he gaWia 

*>Apti4ite.tO'iPtfaaJMr^*6 foft, 9^ He 

!c JeaUittrlca^'Coi jfldir i!iM^ iki j£- 

% ^pn^riind^i Oiv {ie««3 o0;r|he 

-'idieJarli o^ >' t^»N/ii^:!rthe '>tKiiapa 

it would ^llo^iiioleadeiHbot Ga- 

>e»9 ibid.iiHeifnafohed eoC^ai^, 
'•i^lNkb He'fitftr«b<»tojom'^/9 


T N D E X 

of King Jii^, Vv 93. Afm^ 
ideAAC at F^rjib»t be wottidnc' 
fou* l^tiei dtMftL 4)orto deep,' '9^. 

Mc« of *^i4i>^;iJkid.' Uef#fM» 
tbe bMiniaii4 of the amy, ^4» 

hm dr^ra^ LWoi^Bd its fh- 
ta aiid]tate» u^ittn iun the go« 
«emmtbx^of>it/^l^p ^^The^i^ 
vice he ]gaVe Si^i^^^kkd. • His 
«nfwejt CO. ofaiMi£^i^'0^ ktti^ 
^6.. Mttyre^attOtlnt he kid 
yielded cliec^iBidMadtOM^^/^/^^ 
tbid •'£>eekU%» Idiiii bpinion 
ditlieioeeeftrdf ih^ war» 4M. 
The eoniternation-of the peo* 
f9k 'of 'X/>rn< ien^iieivs of the de • 
hzt of y^iii ahd Stifid* at 
ii6«i^5, ibfd* What Caky^id 

iembles a coutocil-of three faon« 

Itredi '97v' Hia 'i]|>eeeh> and 

t}>«^fFea oB^h iiid,^<^ He 

«ii&6. ikt tJie^davcsat libtr^ 

ty and reeeive.thetn info thear^ 

idy, 'Unthbat^hor-iiiailers'coa* 

£mK/ 9^1 lUeeWe^lotten fh>m' 

^Md^trnd^dphi^^wai, detaiSti» 

tik. ratB^foigera^'tMl' he liad the 

refolntioat of tlir Gonncily .Md.- 

The cQuadl' begin to^eipond^ 

iif^^c^^^ Hii prudence in a 

cjAtk^l juoAii]^) 99. 'Be-ivith 

.the fenatocs^ 0^1 oWticai^o 

i^e^ a bod^ ef b^iHfe thftt.eftnf>* 

ed out of this J^le battle, i&'i/. 

The an^^r^he^ feeSftived vfram 

the officers^ 100. His nfld 

■xcply, ir^A/. Thfe ^feat~. pains . 

Jiie -took to^ pfefe^Vjs^ ^ert, 

when he- had *i«Mved «lo die^.. 

ihid. 'Wh% the-ooendhfaid^tD . 

Umv and his ai^lWer^.^oi. 

What ke iaid' atid did on ^t^ ' 

approach of Caijb^y ' loli A '• 

laying of his on^he^ ^mtfi^h- of ' 

^aa O^tivnu, ibid; He p^* 



ttdiiti' till? iMiM9«8ib mi^^ 

%tts ^depfewa ^y41ie?id4n€»Jof 
, iVkifH <d 4nkrtttte^^*i^¥fefen 

. dOs^^ ibi^ ndt M'4Ai^(^>ii¥'^itt 
MW«!i^ >/»>/. -t'M^^ie f^'xo 
^^iiii^^bout^ ^A^W, %: 

• What- F^affird^ aftiH^' fQ)^#r'ltt 
€A^h>:^ thevte^fbe^rM^kifl' 
m .ttihfcUy'iid^.^^;^ Ke9 

I tkiMrn ^1^ readli ^'PUM dia- 

. k>gue on the imnfc^mli^ ^of 

. thofdulj^^f^i. ' Jffis^AriicJ 

ha^oartd'hii ^eiranfe ptf ,Hheif 

fk)f>a»riitgihg Mi^ If^^^^l^bfct, 

iOj^.^^What he faid tiiV^I 'fc/n, 

M^httT' hlfe ia^d ivI^h^U^'lWdtd 
. wtt^fefooght hifl^ i*5?'*'Bevar 

- fdondlyrrf//// feaU^ti^orhrs 
freed fineti to him; 6f ^i^ton one 

,:. iriffhd hk hahd/ whibh W 

• bee^ infititiedraMlt^ofligfhe 
ifettt W%ii' ifihaHftfthtt* 'tUere 
gbtiUft ttffy iSid. vile iWrtbers 

' qaiet "iflthe haven> 'he^bs 
hikn^^ -sM. ' His :|>fa9l«dan 
weald 'have- fotl^ed^^^U)> the 

. ^ond, biit he^ ph^^ffitbritim^ 
polboiit hispwn'boivtis^^and 
iteisedsatdyiexphies; 14>7- The 

- honoors paid hihti>y the'pto- 
pJe of'WnVtf,' ibid: ^ mi ttag- 

' niiieeiTt funeral attd'-3ft5ttd^/S/ 
His age when. he. died, itiiS/ 
Cater the fori' of'€d/4r\^U/(^t 
gKW idW' andi debiitifedr^*. * 

- 108. . His- 3mbiirr*''wftfi' die ; 
wHtt«f k prftce 6f\€Stt?iJdbi*». • ' 

f ibid. -JQlled ih-th^%edfe''^ 

Catfle,' ^wealth dncifeqt^y'gcdttfij&d ^ 
^ iiiia-!f>lei4tjr of^ad.^;.^^tSb. ; 

» with 4fo>'ii(!/,;iH:'.^«i::tiHe 


i, N'.r brl Er Xj 

aSQ^.jiSUo , His prj^d^npe j^ called. L %ii: DifiHtfied ibf 

;rcfgara.,j^rj|t]M: bonoqjr of 1^ JVIemui;) i4|m -'t *•< • i' 

.^ ^ , thi ]f(fr{^u> tf tfyUx 4^. VI. z.H* W©« itffiffirirAd libjr 
M^J J8<«i^«.the%h.t ag4#>. ; Ofit»» »fi7*i,. W(M(lfltf<?,aki ttl- 
tj^e C/zvinV f 35, lli^u^diers him« and Jbis AisAi'eri . :»9» 
und^ hiin bore the bruot^^tlie . WJ^Jiir p|pp{»(ed, 24041 •: > . 
ti^tti^ il^ .,^ ;QaJm c«^<^) ^^^f^ poir«tted.,the. bdl ^KUDfc of 
h;s foJiliefs ^^fippos,' ^j6« fcte • /'-«fc« /l^e lwHts,pf ttajiinicowi^* 
kilis l^mMf* A3^v ^ Ji^s a^ } try. defcribed* JI*. 1 1 0, /j 07; 
. 'raA^» ^29*, pj .. ; .,, ..V, Ctltii^m^ 4^4iidmL>twdt bsn^ 
Ca/i^frx.^f^<?4f/7i^|Cenibrwi;^Cr^ d;^jta,lKWi» of >C^foci^ftmg 

/us, l(l* 433. Acc«fes.ftfi/ar Wm in J^U J»«>|Au6*-;4aB« ' 

^ for p}acii}g Marit^\ iniage ii| . C^ta^Scytba^ the 9^^0|i»^mfire«' 

"the.cipit^. iV;. 332^ ./Offers . heiid^d^aodfur Ibatr nMttc^ IU« 

tKe^'^,)jig^prjVils office agftjpft Cenfor's dyipg, in, bi» offioo n;*^ 

lKimi(jwbich, C^^^Jrefu(^, jii^« counted ominousy L 3316. .A 

Hjis,jgpddiq,valities> V, 5i5i.Ii|. de(;ree made ttot f(ci one fluMild; 

what; J h^;^ oppojre4, Ge/at,,Vi have that office a ks^fini tam^, 

43 2 . ^C^flffijJ witl^ hfti^t 1 V. ' I. . 33^- •'T^*^ <?^9 . of <5«^ = 

i;}o,' .fj^i.,:, Efteeme4 forth|> foir accpuntpd ftcr.^.jmd;©! 

wffdom/andjg^ce,^^ very gfisat.ipov^er. H.,44jSi 

ipeech tc| the people ahputjPfffir The c^pfors. gi|«^t: i^^e&;&fi 

/^^f H4' ^ ^e in vain ^%^, Pfw^j iM-.J,^. » ,.;: ^ .? 

Yours to prevent the pc<?|pJles Cfn/^rii^ a :dp<?«mB|^t gf .tbe,fc« 

giving Ppmfgi^n abfolu^e .^•. . ipily pf .ibcu^i^^is Wt» ^43- 

3; on ty, 150., His jeroarfcajb)^. ImpeJiehe? . /?y% vof . cj^fciiwi,. 

faying jbi;) the feqgte, 4^V.. , H^; bnt- drop% .thfijacK^U^Qflt »IU- 

"blames tiaro for lettpg (Sf^iir . '22^>. ' .^ ..u ..■ vn; li :j w i! -w 

cfcape in CatiUffg\ ^confpjrafiy,. Cfnf^nuji, a^€pi»^i^^*sf O^Ottflg 

„3^1 Whatherai4.of(VWiwV. .C^^-i/» Hk'H?* . H^.or4er«» 

•judges, ,y.'44j.. ..bis.^rmoiMr-bearfrrji^JMlliiUp*-. 

€fW/«4x olfqrs t9^di(cov?r a.fpn- 4J0. n :. , .^ ,-.. - .. 

fp^iracy^ agajnft Aie^t^andi^. l%.^_ Centaurs,tMr bUhx'j;, tv4l' . 

2^^'', ,u...:.... I. .. , ... .. . origina,!, .v.. i,;5Si.. ,,,.., .>/,,.• ^ 

0«>^. -a ^pti^in v^ ViuUius'^ in* C^Mm* ,^ fri«»4 of A^fiiih Vi- 

l^^^^oV^u^aS- Hi§ monllrpj^^ jp^,.. ,,: . ..,, : :i 

1ize,j and charaaieri z^j, .. ■ Cephaius^ si.Jf^wyerj |ent;<rPin,cV.: 

Celicm (J^fusj J«fqrmedt.l)jK;fi,, rintiffi ^^m^i tcj fet|l^.,,th€Lt 

iujpnatur^ , voice of jcj»e aj^i gPjffTAfl^e^iij^ieri?,, Jfc ^.2^ jrv. 

proach of the G.7a/i, I^ ^^J^v.H ^^/^^«* .^iW4i*¥aJ?:f ?|tW* [65^ 

Cf/rr, one ^£,thc con^paijipij^, ^i.^fiethiMru^f^^^^ 

Romulus^ fald to be the p^rfiyi . • kiljlfld Jjy i^nUf^Sy Ih jp^c/.V 

that Jiillea ^m«i, I. 6i.,:^r9aj,f C^/-6(/o^i7/4</,,thfr4atttary,;i^^>^^ 

him air (wift-foote4^.'.pcrfo;a« . ' ni^ri^ih>Tfiilef;,;y. 21,. ^.::;^ .1 

were callpdpAfry, ibid,,,. ,:;... C<;^/^^y ft. rivr^ oS. .^k\S^uS^h,. 

yi' :^ cf5f If ^. 

fi^Biaiibii erf tte iwa** f IL 

d/rtfrK)in7«i1ibr^ called ii^sffifiEe- 
0} ]fjg[.-^in&d^'t't>f:'lKif]i>tide6iy ftbinfk 

it dcaped an aJ)par4^<iaH%er, 
ChaicajpiM, OfO ilPd4-ta»gWBSers, 

Crraunf, a titk tyranta were rfo^d Cbakedon^ beTitfged^^ik/ftflSde/^ 

Or{«f«diE& i^H 


«>s«<^ ■•^«' »', 

i/lfe'^vij^. By jiiyi^Aitoi; /'iH; 

: the :'3^«ir/^, on tKeiH^^ii^g €hace4im; a'bKj[pilvf&o(:j^^ a 

no crfiriiii0lftm%/^nrt4ft% '• yjkbfui^-il Jt^.V ^"^^ bonorr • 

C^rvi) h«r temple ih the en/ of ' (?j&4k4^//0)i>£aft'tftd)^i^^ ildooioor 

rates, IV. .141.. / ^ ^ 
.CMdMkflii^ n-^\maatsa theTVAi*/ 

J- 53- 

€k/^i»i>thMnlMriie94ib hwdn^s 
--•iAitd'^^^^Dnbas ^Bfe,^lH. 509. 

Chapel, a little . oile &t> th«^ ^m^ 
Nidas, III. 375* c^c: 

ed by a f^sxa^Mhi^^^ff^usr 

uliVBh^finef <byiaider.t>f tfaefe* 
: ^itod-l^atill^'tfwj Vv '425: 
SiuK6rim'fSii9yftbi^mt mam ad- 

"di^ WcmiKh he rebivlfd 'V^hJie 
genenil of th« AfhHiam\^ IL 
989. Setit ieiieM><)f die iP#/6r. 
wimi to th^ a^atice of A* 

frieildsiaiid d^fpifed \ff hiis ene^ 
inies, V. \t^^ 1 6. 

3fftV. ritwi. ' ^Whett'fhe -vtKt ge- Ci&iw^/ the orator, reflefts on fb^'^ 

to fQt^scd>.1iiider:hiiit,::y» 8« 'His 
^\)^ifuei6Sei^'BilS/. Hisr eHeem for 
y^^ffhotimi'iXikiax EatstmoMinarily 
*£i«l9fdlMhby^ the ' -Jthgmamj 9. 

exccates « faaid«loiiSi«MinDGI> 

fio», V. 23., Isoalltfd^toiaiiac-' 

^ cooiit, and >i0(r/0« 'ivfuleb ' w 

defend iilmV 24I. 




s ■* 

ifi^^K^ibfitdaiiie ^F«t^^/M ClM'&Wffifi'tbpk Tf^^mT-a^^^Ei'l 

tj^t^'hio^ /Aeytotr .^riifere* F/»- ^ :ca&edf :sC^^ib/c«>» t09«2A'|jpod 
^ ^r^/iftpfvasbbia^i^ }^«^ llttrhaird- laying dl his^ tyi^^i^ ^ ^$ 

i^r ^ (P '2 vc. 

|^h)f^^ 0^§9^r9d'^smfyiTA' ^t' a|id^^VgBdaebiii|bidbei)voF*bei[^ 

..pmk^ deitmiiy (W.M*itc Choerilus, a poet/ld\*iiJjB.'JprIy- 
horfes eftc6med facred i^the ^ j/«w^l5fitoide^^ 

n'*3W«i-84.-^0}''3,>*>^^»'A2vd':) GlKirtt^iiftHinfidkHeiabiyBailjw. to 

Chariot of S^^^-^WVli «t6,f 1 . :^ /)|/tf/bterf liitl<iMfejijftf^riiir. 

^^''{f'f'i^iJbi'^lftrpF ^<?/(9l^'s! Ivo- Ch^eccopld^e, or dehnpfinkidrs.'b^ho 

men, V. 344. The rej^jrjtlhc \ ' )W(Pt«>\C5tciberi5nxii jsii^v.' A^O 

: W?4^^bi^jp!fktj(0£iUA6hc>\56'^^ Chryfanlesy ant offiCfiPbiji* i^>l»/'s 

Char^tl, v p«wat>f;A«^^^grM^ ^' am^* }it«'.\«0flfrage>randc«»4R 

^-v/oaj^HylCUK^et^-rf^^fe difcipline, IL?j8c4 , .. aV 

i^r a^^^^^e ieS?iile6 hji houtbfor ^^^ffyfi^^ '^ oaBcfeeaa. nf B^mHnu$^ 

xnoned to appear tefpJlre^^i(^^'. C^)%0«si,jankxcsilsiitt]^jhnron 

^^'*^:'^ fe^wW<>o»^«97.vtti«.'r6- ' tiw flaw, It jt^aui: *.i .ii<.>w' 

folution an^igedj^ofttrilBehjivi- ^^r^^^Mi^j thobBmiupciptted^lflave 

-Qor,a}9S,f>ji^.s;.i! • .!-q ^\ : oi Sylla^ V. 41.1. J\ . .«. 1 

'Cia^0fit4^^x ^ho < Co- , caHe4* ] V. Chfhomd, arjiaoDBs giveai' t«vG«rai, 

300. ' :'" ^'i ,. •',' V. 307. -J,! 

^P^^f^q^thffn^ rof .MaeAafaSt Crcer^, Mitreai ^uliitts\,MsJtrtasdfk 

! • p|i)iceviG^J!S»n)»'ii(a^bnd^tthe againft the old academyU III. 

Chelidomsy the &ughter oHioti* cufe^' Cr^lSr/ andriTa^r jbfiii>e« 

' > «4M^% aod/'kife )0{ Cienymuif iag-ooncemed.Sii C^tfito'sib^n- 

o ^ si'i^4im^: JCitig' Lcf V Sfiarta^ ' from baniibmeMt, ^^reanadled 
• ']IXrQs5« -WW (be dislnw)ien thedkjm&itod^of»f^i.ylV.^v^t^6. 
. ^.fijfrrJifiir^ttmii^d' Sp^ta^'^^ The * pro|io6tifjii l^iivi^dejfor 
-Ghel^s thft '<bliigh^r of Ltomdas a rocDiid^iaUpn^etifd^ntftft/^ 
'i. an^ wi(0 <^ 'C/r0nifc«««(^Jier and'C4^r^rtU9(^.Iii£Ie)blaknes 
- jlpFe and idutyi;^ Kesfayierlnd ' P^mf^ fissc^u&t^n^cfinmu^Sy^ 
her hufband,^ V ^ 1^3 3^j> rt^399 ' *i93 » 1 94^* "* ^9^0^ m'tm. to 
. Xiflii £*:•). V .r^ •'• iv<..- ' PcMg^O'^ ^l95>ii^^Wri«cBJa.|^ile- 
Oft«^ff^» A'Co]oiiyofa^thoti&nd ^ gric Qi»b.^^\5xfi.ioThe4:firil 
men fent.'tliitbev by: Jkrtch, ^ that'-diibovBi^ tbeidefigmi of 
•'iItt-«4iD. / • .. ''\ ^v\ *<^v ". \'<}a^r\^:'$a^i SS^txted: :hpift/b 
Chkkttfift iiibd) fe^r > the i?0gw»v» in - ^ and; £^iardiBf4 fdniettia|r :(S/ky2rr 
.hdbeieidM(iafioii> <V. <^o^i > '. . efeape^V'^^zjn: B|dn]initi«r>fa« 
.iJhiUubQrfr. aUf^ ^vivth. anoele- ; v<>i]rlA^C4S)iftfE<>ociofieaT«)fkhe 
phant's head^II. ^t^«<^'>'> people, 333. o^e ^deaariinrs 
ChiUi^V^pM^Afcrtightupikti^^ '' tOr < lecoDBdlB t^i^Ebmkr^a^ linA 
*'' /MwHi^ it^p He. 1 > .vv^v^t^ > -vv.iolkDiPM^^ii^^j iiia<«aco* 
;jQM«i>iAe ^M4!Mbi^i>«Af]^^9fii(l- miuxn oh Cato, 385c) .H^^o* 
'Ml m§dojtkifg^9€kh ''^TiMgti ik^jniesotof^.tHdil f«iaOBr'ioPCQttS3r 
4c6>V«^ tht) nitmrtfifiOft^ c^^/o's hpnoois 6&:C^&,.j^c 'jSays 
^ojB^s,^ Jbttacft^stda^dini a ^ fbat*^QlgArni]|^cfaiUblg^JRa«9^^ 
good gnuQiBEMri^nsi Ih :!49 t^l • i> ifaitaiaf hackfikpdiddsiOwte^^S; 
lCter,«l^.iSd9r fttiiiiaier,uiillte4Uk/ r<.'WlMilicdinditt(httiht)rqt^(£a« 

k^X^l.. VI- U miifKf 




ntnht Riiifuit fV. J f9. A fey- 

.ing of his on t|e reforming the 

kdendar, 391 • The prudent 

luivice he ga^^e to Cafo, V.71. 

' He returriiTroiii banifhment, 7 7. 

, Says iJciziJntohy was as much 

\the. caufe of ttie dvil War as 

Hetin was of the TrtjoM^ V. 

'zgzw His original^ 408. A 

faying of Iii&,>x)n his name, 

; \ 409. His iQottier delivered of 

'niin' without pain, ili/i. The 

day of his.birtn, ihi/. A fpec- 

tr( appears to his narfe, and 

foretold his futur? greatnefs^ i^* 

£0eeined for his learning a* 

; jDongil his ichool-fellowsy 410. 

" Siipofed to'^ll (brts of learning* 

but in his youth more addicted 

' to poetry, / W. An excellent 

orator, i&iJ/ And an eminent 

poel, i^fd. An auditor of Phir 

, ' uiy the academick, and Mutiut 

'^Sut^vfla the lawyer, 410, 411. 

/.Serves in the wars iinaer Sylia^ 

rbut retires fnd applies himielf 

'^ yfo his fludi^s. 411- Under- 

\ ^akes the defence of Ro/cius 

W^n^ Sylki^ ^nd fucceeds, 41 2. 

' H^ travelled into Greece to mun 

, fhe rejentmeht of Syllof ibid. 

.\ Qf a weak conllitution, i6id. 

'\',At\^/i^enj was an auditor of 

'.IJntmkta, but adhered to the 

\ -new academy, ibid. At what 

r time he applied to pablick af- 

V fairs, 41a- He ttavcls into 

\. • Jiji0 and Rhdes^ kad frequents 

Xhff rhetoricians *' and philofo- 

£' ' hers, i6id. The praiie giveii 
Im hy Apolkkiusjf v^. The 
' ordcle he received lixDelfhi^ 
? ^bid,, Qzikdp^^iiMidScboiar 
'/ m reprqach, '^//V. , Hh applies 
/ tio/ plcadmg^alid. Excels an at 
;:; the t^i:, /m ; 'l«#n$ iAion 
r^^in pleading frbiixi A^/bi^jf and 
^r:^/oMs^ 4J4.^^iHfi'-rcl!eftion 
/on th^ oratoJ^'Bf hls'tto. V. 

gave ofience, V. 4JL4. Sfnt 
qaaeftor to 5/ci)y^ and'l&bw he 
behaved there, /^/V. Heproc^re^ 
,the (fifdiarge x^ fome-yicmng 
noblemen who wpr^'accmed of 
difoitlers, iM, A pRiai^t ac- 
cident which b^^Mm -as he 
returned to Rcmr^ *ibid.' . :Hc 
was. too ambitions of glory, 
415. He applied' Kimfelf to 
-politicks, iBfd^ \Vhat h^ did 
;n the accaiation of FtrrtSf and 
feveral plea&nt favings tif his, 
41 5, 416. The dt he made of 
the ^ifihans genferofity;to him^ 
'. 417. He had but a moderate 
t&aie,ieid. His wQTe's for- 
, tune, r J/WL His niamierofliv' 
ing; i^id,' He inakes over his 

^ jjatemal feat to hiir brother, 
418. The court thiiewstt wade 
to Ifim, ibid. Me ^jtoid? for 
the phetorfl)ip, aifd^obtab^ it» 
ii^d: What happenact to him 
irt theafeir df jWdm/AJw, 419, 
4?6;'*He is chofen ^?(>qft!, 420. 
. Sees itito duiVf^i' dt^m, 

. 4Z0, 42t« (iis oraitidn tigainft 
a deci^imvirate, 412. He con- 
firms the htw of O/i^r about the 
J^»«»a« knights, 423.' Hecites 
Catilint before the ftnate and 
ex^i^ities him, 424; ^ goes 

; in a co^t of'mail to the Campus 
■ lUfartha^ \hid, - His coo^6tin 

' theaffidrofOi/f7/»^„4f5. Ac- 
iqu^te^ 1y Fuhyld of two 
perfons defignmj tb kitt' him, 
4*6;- He orders: C^i/^iir to 

• ^ttit i^|>«*, ibid. His -^'Ocecd- 
liigs igaii* the^ a)M|)Wton, 

;' '4:^^.^ WiAthiq>^ed^ii^the 
fai^nfrce perferme^^tBni^'hd^ 

.;^^4io.-Hjs ad^^e... 
^ ' thepuai^enli of iH^ 
^VVoii['43^. ^Ife^Mii 


'6* J bsilu ts*-i o.::^- it\; 


• l^ .fife' mhpr otMsxQmry, 

- "timmitjl I^mJig bijjirejf, ii/^. 
JBul^ wafi far from ^p^^iJjiQg 

againft ^/^»ji were cglljei ^^^'- 
A^f^^i* 4561, ,Ti)e Jeryjcf he 

■ Gf^Ji^tt^h' Wd» . V^h^t he 
faid ^tj^^Wi(^//«j and .jCrig^ 

- '4i^43.7rr ' '^^ai he ii^M of 
MmdiSidVafpfiusy 4j7v. His 

.rep^tees^ .437^ 418^ .439. 
Whj{,,henva5 a witi^cfs j^g^nft 

. CJadii^t 44 J • What, fefj fai4 to 
thejudgfjjthajtafjq^-^ CW'- 

, usy ^r- pjf wbat^he^Y^^^^ac- 
cufed^^^j* Moftflitthff ycwng 
geodemea nwre ibr iiii^r i^/V. 

.. rhc; infojejit behavijqur jC^^jC^- 

. ^i^ a^ihis, party, ^'^/^^ kHc 
a{>plje8 hipifelf xa Ptnii^iijh but 

. wtthwut facccfe, ihii,..i^KXt' 
(oivcs to leave i^0«Ktf, .whan he 

. did hefom he depa^t^c], 444. 

. iV&er his depaitare he is de- 
creed, ao extle^ ihid, Th^ ho- 
nours, h^p receiv<^ in JbJU travels, 
ihiJ. ThcvCpxijefliuie, oiC the 
footh-^^ eaxthqjiiake, 

. .44^.: p^cQ/^ .at fo ^i&ifor- 

.^l;^s^:fji^^ A ideccee pafied 
.-i^.^)^4enatp to.ius hb^Pv, 
r^Xf,|l^lipd"byv<hc lu^ani- 
l^us^xiQnfeQ^ -pir . the .(ejm^soid 

<i^/V,^ iby. "Ilis iearfblhefi^ /j. 
He IS created augur, 448. He 
goes ^itl^ ^ army into tt^uia, 

. of Cff//»«y<?a<i^ ibid. He isefuies 

, prefentsevpij ffom &ngs, //. 
, HoNv he rfceiyed and (treated 
the people, i^r^. ^1^5 modera- 
tion, 449,. ^ Saluted impi^ra- 
tor,. iiii. ...jVhat he wrote to 

1 C^lfus who defined him to fend 
him fom^ panthers, /^/V. In his 
return he }top^ at Rhodes and 
at Athens^ anq the honours he 
received at Athem^ ibid!. * A 
good laying gfhis )ynen the 

. fenate offered him a trionxph, 
;^V.. His doubt whether he adliere to Pompey or t!ir- 

,/""> .450". , He joins P<>mpty^ 
4nd what C^z/tf (aid to him, /^* 
His behaviour in the canipj ih. 
His (harp replies, 451. '^H« 
refufcs the conunaud off'^red 
him by Ca/0, and the dabgpr 

. he run, ibid. The honours be 
received frbm^C^r, 4J2* 'tais 
treatife called CutOj, and C^* 
/ir's anfwer, /^/</. He under- 
takes tjie defence of Ligarius^ 
ibid. ^ Tb^ effea of his ' ilp- 
<}uencej ihid^ He retires fifoai 

' publick affairs^ and divertshim- 
ielf with teaching philofophy, 

. ibtd^ Cgppiires ois life to that 
of Laertes^ 453. What he faid 
of C^/ar*^ repairing pQn^e^% 

. it^ti^es, ihid. He divcfrces 7>- 
reniia^ and -marries a young 

My» 4j:3. f 54' For what>/«r 
j(0j^ r^ifcftea on him, 454. His 

grie(ibr th> d^ath ox^h daugh« 
tcr, iiid.' '-^W^y , he wis 'not 
ooncernciil in the cqn^prac^ a* 

^- ^(^^^iii^ >Hi»;io^j^re- 

>.,,^hat^e,.fi^idaf hi? rtmnto „. jajnft,(^r, ^tad. Hi^fpecch 
it^. t|e^ fde^oys , the . to theJena^©^ after th^ murder 
-V. ^, ., ' '♦«, ,pfC^/i^ijfsS' T^e<iiftr«nc« 

/ tcjtwccn 5im afid AnUny, ihid. 
, He gQ<ejs,t(> At hens 9 i\&d. Re- 
turns to ;ftMvf» 456. QrdireU to 
U a a$« 

. jof C/4k/w,>447^ The 

^ ri£ato.3aA QatVf ihicL ; Hfide- 
^} fcndi 'SbU wlio had (uUfidOSH 

i isr D E x^ 

attend the fenate,^ and what^«- 
fony did on Ills refuiaV V. 456. 
His agreement with Augufius^ 
ibid. Hfs. dreain» 457. The 
true c'aiHe df his adEering to 
Augufiusy 4C^8. For what mu- 
tus ref!e£leaon him, /^/V. He 
drives out Antony y and fends 
the two confuls aftc^r him. th. 
Darted hy Augufius^ 459. He 
with his brother depart for 
Ttt/cutum^ ibid. His brother 
betrayed by his Tervants and 
flafei, 460. The'perplexrty he 
Was m J ibid. He is conveyed 
to his country feat at Cajeta^ rb. 
Anilloruenthatlief^Ihim, 460, 
46^1 ; The refledlibns of his 
fervants on it, 46 1 • Betrayed 
by his flav;e Thiklogusy ibid. 
Herennius cuts o|f his head and 
hands, and carries them to An- 

' tonjf 461, 462. What Auguf" 
tus faid of him, 462. His fe- 
mily revenge' thertifelves on thiat 
ofy^if/ow's, ibid. His univer- 
ial leafriin|;, 46^. He was too 
unguardea in his pfeadings, ib. 
He ridiculed the' fioick philofo- 
phy, 464. His ^hifft after glo- 

■ ry, ibui^ * "l^h^ ))6wer of his 
cloq ueride, 46 ^ . , His c6n tempt 
©rfiches, * 466^ *' His exile was 
glorious, ibi^, 'His dieath not 
fo hoiiburabfe "i^^ of De- 

mttftheniL 467 . \- \ \' ' 
{^iceroy ^ pefi^ged by Ambiorix 
and relieved h^yCafavy IV. 

CilUs Fmrne/s lieuf^naht-general, 
defeated and taken pHfoner by 
' Demetrius; V: il^.: ^ ^ ' 
Cifnber, Mete/ks^ %kH hold of 

• Cafar'srobt, afid^jiiljf ft GVcr' 
his neck, asafi^ri^t to^hfeCOn^ 
fpiratoi-s, IV. j^^; ';;* «• -^-^ 

Cimbri and Teiitohes !vii^2&e lUly 

with three hundri^d^tUbW^H 

• men, iit.' tl6,' *t^ 

call «hi«ve» jmd robert ^/6tv- 

iriy ibid, irhe £SywlJ#^^^ 
; the country of Nortch ^^2, 
Defeat the RQm&ns ^der ^thc 
command of Caeffio] I, 3"4^- 
' Defpife the Romans y Ip. ' i ^'i 

Their 6rdci- cJf battlcr. i 


Theif firft ranks fiLftened to 
each other by cords, ijiS. The 
rage and dqpair of ihcir wo- 
men, ibid. 

Cimmerian Bofphorus,j^^i^ bver 
by the Amazons i L 36. 

Cimmeriansy pafs into Afia under 
the condud o( LygJamusy III. 
1 1,7. Their country bv Hoiner 
compared to hell, iftii, 

Cirnonf his original. III. 277. In 
his youth he led a riotous and 
diftblute life, 27S. Had no 
inclination to mufick nor the 
fciences, ibiJ, The chara£ier 
of his eloquence, ibid. Acctif. 
edof a criminal converfation, 
With his fifter, ibid. Given to 
wonren, ibid. He palHonately 
loved his wife J/odice, 279. 
His great qualities, ibid. What 
he did to encourage the citi- 
sens, 2So, A handlfbm perfbn, 
iild: Had the favour of die 
tieople, ibid, Ariftides cbntri^ 
touted to his promotion, 280. 
Was admiral of the fleet, i^/</. 
The advantage he gained, by 
the' allies defertin^ Pau/anias, 
2^X. He goe$ /general into 
7hracey 2^2. His raccefles, ib. 
He ere As three Aoue Mercurits, 
with ' infcriptions, iHidJ and 
2^3, The different refp^ai paid 
him from what the precedent 
; genitals had, ibid. Hd take* 
^'S/^^'and AmpbipoSsjMi he- 
^^comei ihafier of the iile of %- 
'm-y' 283, 284:. . Hif ^flcovkr* 

^;'fi0s*S tomb* in the iite'-x>f 
*' iSwm,* ' 284. Tranfootti hi« 
;~b&il;s to vifr^fajiibid:- • Aii^ic- 
•tlon bn which he Valued hita- 
^tdf,'^^^ -tOsholfMnty, and 



N- 1>. R Xi 

Ac uie be made of hjs dchtSt 
' III. zS6, Th^ praifes given him 
hy a poet;^ 2&7. He kept 
open houie» i^/if. IJe was for 
jnkin^inmg the anchority.of 
the noUilfty, .288. His 'djfin- 
teiieftednefs, and the, ^nfwer he 
gave to R^acis^ iKd..3y wtat 
xneahs; h&^ made tlie Athenians 
mailers of their allies, 289. He 
th^ moft of any Qnek checlced, 
the Perjsdn amlntion, tBid. He 
befieges Pba/fUs, zgO; Beats 
the Perfian fleet, and takes two 
hundred fl)ips» /W, Makes a 
defcent and beats l^lr land ar- 
my, ilid^ Gains a third vifto- 
ry the (ame day, ibid^ His 
treaty of peace with the Kin? 
of P^/y&i, ibid. The publick 
works he raiied in Athens ^ ^gz. 
tffi beats the Ferfifuts in T^rfice, 
ibid. Defeats the Tbafians, 
who had revolted^ 293. . Ac- 
cnfed of . being bribed by the 
Macedonians, his de^nce and 
acquitaly ihid. The endea- 
vours he nfed to re-eftabh(h t^ie 
^rilloaacy, 204. The reflec- 
tions call on nim by .the poet 
£ufoIisg ibi4* Hi9 ione, and 
by whom, ihid. Hjus inclina- 
tion for the Sfartans^ and the 
reipe£l they had &r him«. 9^. 
H^ marches to ^ fuccour the 
Spartans* ibid. . His fpeech to 
indui^ the Atlunians to fucc^or 
tliem,v ii/4/t The anfwer he 
mad^ to tachartHSt\istvi., . Ba- 
,ni<hcdby oftracifm, 297. /He 
comics to the aManoe (if the 
Jthi^HSj but being a baniih- 
ed :a.perfon is obliged to retire* 
i^Jd^ The rec^u^ h^ vf^^Ap to 
!i]^' |cpmpanions on thatoccs^fi- 
.ourf /^i<u ' He is recalled'^om 
jfcapJlbij^W^i- 298- ' Hi^Jfliat 
prj^^nce^ to preywit ^' v^^T.. at 
,hgni^^.. i^/y. , His 4;;paf|C|,;,2Q9. 

He embarks fer ^^]|)r/^a ibid* 

•. He defeats the King oiPerfia^ 
fleet, ibid*. }^\% gr^at deiign^s 

, ihid. ' He fends: to confult the 
ondcot Ju/ite/Anupoftf 300. 
The anfwpr, i^/V.. His deaths 
iiid. He orders his death to 
be kept fecret *ull the army re- 
turned home, ihid. Hi^ igc^ 
ivument called Cimoniu?tfyV^ • 
An oracle long af^r his 4^ach 
ordered him to be honouri^cl^^ 
a god, ihi/i, flis advantjfiges 
over Lucullusy j67,.,568, ji^ 

Cineas, his remarkable conyerja- 
tion with Pjrrhus, UJ[, 72. 
Sent by PjrrJ^us to K/me, V(i\k 
offers of peace, which .are 
rde6led, 79. Hi§ opinioQ 

. of the RoffutfiSy^i, His de- 
scription of the Epicureaft pni- 

, loCopby, ih^^d, Emplpy^ agau^ 
by tyrrhus to negptjat^ a peace 
with the ,/(^«r^/, 83. Seut^y 
Pyrrbus i|ito $ic^fy. Sc.^ .' '.'* 

Gngonius Jt^rro^ 9 friend pf J^m-' 
fbidius^Vh, 2iz. Put to' death 

. hyGcdia^ ibid, . 

Cinna^ Lucius^^ upph what cohdi- 
CioQS nanied C9niiil hy'Sylla, 

, forfeits his Qath» llTI.^.zjp. 
Falfly accuied of having n^iir'-' 
dered Poff^, IV. x 1 8, , .^lain 
by an oiGcer in^the army* ihtdi 

Cinmif HehiuSfUs dream, I Vt 46o» 
and the cop|^letion pf it, '^o x • , 

Cj^s and BpifLhei , impHfpn^d bj^ 
Alexander t IV. 280. 

Ciji{fo a foupt^n where BAccitt$^ 
was. walbed immediately, after 

. his birtb, t}ie water of it like 

V wiiic,« IN.; ^u, '\J.\.'^ 

Citizen, rtlie Aarafter of a good 

one. It 3?Q, . ' \ ' 

Cialia^ her ftpiyVl* ^9* .Her. 
. ftatueji>/v hoHcback in the JTm, 

<ikra, Po^nat (^ Pprfen/taCJi 

*U 3 . Claudiih 


4BlM^ I^^W^^r^ Affftus 

:> <: ndanied to A^uJiMSt V. 504. 
-^HimSi^ fram wlu^ dtCctnded, I. 

ifQhkilNtT xht £mp»r^».bift mild 

-'Tii-cpitooftaA7wit^i/VI. ffioi 

i€!ibtmdfks9 one whio<de(brted from £^cxq//r^/, one of the Spartan 2lT' 

^eomaiif, the ^j/4^i<f ^9* l&bu- 
. . iott$.^onc6 of lu3<fireat Ar^agtb* 

- h .9U 92* His'qody ♦yajDjihed 
.; ^ftej: be was dcadi r^i^. CdUed 
,. tJie Jaft of the Jie>'^^& % the 
.. prjeftefs at Z)d|^M4biilt, 
Clfomfdapt the kjdi^ofCieo^ftiis, 
fined by the Athntfim^^,* 254. 

J 'j,A^a^f to BrUuf^ WL lOI. 
:<l[Skandfidtu theconnfeUor of P//- 
<''\fitiHaXj Iwibed by Fe^kU^f and 
: o^r «What, IL 00* Flies from 
-'iMtdamoni beinfl; fentenced to 
i --^^ktlii «A?i^^ ^I^ father of 
- i i^iltffui, ibid; aodill. 4H- 
^^idntbeu what he &id.of ^^^r^- 
Ji^mind jfti^f*dwi Ji. 97. 
'^tSmnithesyM frced<.ini|i ofCafo the 
'^ yowligeit aad ,^.pbyiidan» V. 
•-''■'■ idSi. 

5<fefc7fY*iw feat by fMUf to T.6^^^/, 
vrrnV.i-592; •... - '.■ 
i£/M^'r/teir receives. Oft'dc^s from the 
<'•' i^ij^adtemoakmf j tO' obey Cyrust 
/^hfiVI. ii;;*. ffift «dvif» to Cyr»>, 
--^r'tr^. The grB{ft.feolt he com- 
V mittedt «^/W- * Put CO death, 
'-" 1^9. N. aiJ 130. 
Cfej^ncy :' a tempk dedicated to 
-" Ci4iMncy m honoet of Gij^r, 
. - IV. 38«. 

^^\ile9hh and &*/»# tbffir mety to 
^i' dkeir mother, preferred by i5a- 
^^ "^ 'hu to i>tf)(Sr/, I J ttjS. 
-^Ckitritm, what ke.'ftid t?o 7Aj»/y^ 
' V N ^6€hfill\ 1^. vA lisiid^ut dif. 
'' ' ^ courfe of ms, -41 4^ • 
'^^Chimmth, iAie^'Spimf^fN oije oT 
-. '' ' AiexandetH divineWilV, arjo. 
^'iSfo^JV-d/kirfacCecd* Ji^£(^/r, and 
^'^ iaTent widi aaatmydnfl&^^^tf- 
:. 7'//i, IV'. 92* - Sain. Sa. Battle, 

* d«<fe»^f*>JWTiwdc Kjn|:i»fte<|d of 
''S£«wdirA ^HiO'was dcpoW, V. 
•' I jc. He fhestohthc tfBffl^e of 
JVS?//if)f»forpro!rftioiiy 13?^ Hil 
wife was Cbtkais the daughter 

4 V 

bitrator& between the AfkeHtam 
and Mfgarinfiam^ - X! ' 33 1 » . 

Cieomems the fbn of xttoniias^ V. 
144., Marries the d^nghter of 

. Qyhppust. who was the widow of 

.^/j, ibid. ^His love, for his 

wife, 145* His chvafter, **» 

In his youth ^udied philoibphy 

under Sflurnts^ ibw^.,. ,Suc- 

.iceeds 10 the kingxlqpj,,af^4^>liir/4r 

. upon the death ,:ofJbas ft iher, 
146* He eogages^ o'n a w^ a- 

, «inft the Acb'aans^'ibxQ, \ Pof- 
^&s, l^mtsii. oi.thA\Jt.bffteumf 

• .i47« The. jeeriiig , letter . he 

. wroite to Jr0msr,y!oAQ,' . He 
%KhiZ Methydrit^m^ 148^, , His 
coumge» ibid' U^ routs the 
army 'Of the Acba^itnSfihx^. ,Re- 
c^b Jrxhidaimsy and is faf- 

. pe&^ of being privy to his 
murder^ ibid iw refolution 
to new-model the fb^tP.. .1494 
Is defeated at Leuffra^ hv(L tak- 
ing; advantage of |the difor- 
der of the puriju^rs^ :he routs 
iheir dfmy^ ibid- T^vp, h^^ours 
jio did -to the dea4n,lw«Jy of 
I^^lfiades^ 'iAi<> M^isrdf^i to 

. iJiaJj^ .off the pow^^ <^ the 
jtfboriy,liO, Oaipi^^ I^Vip- his 
iiltberrin^aw A^^Airxa^^^ibid. 
lie takes Mr4e^ and .(^^4Zj two 
cmsi belongnig io :^e, ^fi^^r^ 
<«fr/, ibid.. Ho:nm{c];ics^^k to 

^ Sf4riay ibid. By iVhi^ti means 

- h^ had the £;&-^or; Jcijl^d, .151. 

' His apology to the pf^ople for 
his proceedings, i^^» He 
brings all. his fabilaiice into the 


^^pttfcga&lftdbfcV. 154: Chati^a 
the y^e^pons of the ibtdien, 7^. ' 
CdAMts about idw "bwicaing 
up of youth, M/V. Mrice^ his 
brpthef SutJfdds f^arhict tik the 
thione,lBj'J. Exhibits Ihows 
by way of cotjiem J)t fur the' fene- 
' niy*s country, 15 c. Jlis'camp 
■ * fre6 frbm debauthcry, iL His 
fhigd manner of lining; /ArV. 

ence between his 
court, and that of other princes, 
iBU, His table, 156. How 
he p^fled his time widi his 
Ifrieiids, iifd. He affifts the 
Manfiniani, ibid. He forces 
the jchaans to battle, and 
TOuts their 7'i&«//?«;c, 157. His 

' propOlilSons to the Achitanty ib. 
Con^plains of the unfair deal- 
ings of Aratus and Antigonus^ 
159. "Declares war agalnft the 
Acbieaiiit ibid. Invades A^haa^ 
takes Petmty Pheneus and /V«/^- 
/<?//«, 1 60. fje takes .<^^/, ib. 
HeTehews the courage *hd itiifes, 
the repntatibn of the 'Spar- 
tans ^ 101. Oflfers Aratus a 

.. confiderable fum of money to 
deliver up the cattle of Corinth^ 
ibid. The anfwer he leceived, 
ibid. Hic Cerinthiant gi^e Cle- 

' omfnesUl Arata/s eRktCy 162. 
He fends Meofitmus to Argos 
againfl Aratus^ i6j. Attempts 
to take Afgis by aflkult, ibid, 
Vit retires on the appro^di of 
AtitigonuSi ibid. His mfefor- 
lohe in the death of his wife 
Agiaiisj 164. His giteatnefs 
of inind in his afHiifUons, ibid, 
Hh mother and children ^t as 
hoftages to Ftoigffy Kirig 6f jE- 

^ lypr, IbM. What paflW' in the 

'tempfeof Neptune joft before 
fhc ctnbarfced, 165. * He en- 

' franchifes the Hihts upon cer- 
tain cbc^ditions, ibid. He iur«- 
prizes Megalopolis^ 166. He 
offers to reftore the city to its 

U[hal»tanr,'tni their ftriSdcing 
the ^^dTiTii kttfett, 167. Hit 

• offers bemg r^fed he pUnn- 
deft ^the*dtyj and marchei off 
for JfSartyf Aktigonut. trnd the 
Ael^^Oki^&id. ' He lay^ watte 
the fields about Argot,- 168. 

' Defeated ttr.J«i5b/fev 170^. What 
he faid when he faw iiis bro- 
ther's danger, iju Heictircs 
to 5/iir/«f and. advifo the citi- 
zens to receive Antigoms^ ib. 
He embarks :in oMer to pa(f 
ivito JEgypt^ ijz.' The reply 
he made wfheryoionrih. Par- 
ticularly etteemed and fefpe^led 
by Pttfitm^r i74» The ufc he 
made fl>f the .penfion allowed 
him by Ptidimy^ \h. He . dif- 
fuades' Pttienty the yoanger 
from puttiikg his brother Me* 
gas to death, 175. The sln- 
fwerhi^ made to SofiHus^ ibid. 
He defires a navy and army 
front the' King, but his petiti- 
on is f<^Aed, iifid. - He deiifes 
leave to dejpart with his friends, 
but is mAifed, ibid. Compar- 
ed to the ox Apis^ and to AchiU 
ies, 176. A laying of his to 
Nicagoras^ ibid; He is confin- 
ed, f/f. A. certain accident 
makes him defpair of his affairs, 
ibid. His refolution» ibid. He 
marches out of prifon with his 
friends^ fivo^d in hand, 178. 
His reiledion apon the ettemi- 
nacy of Ae ABgyptiam, 170. 
He kills ' himicff/ /^V. His 
eldeft child throws himleif head- 
long' From the top of a houfe» 
ibid. Bis body indofed in a 
hide and Inuig up, ibid. A 
few days dfter a ihake winding 
about his head, covered his 
ikce,'Ut;>: The dfeft this had 
on that foperttitious people, ib. 
The adviantages of Agis and 
Cle&meties above the Gracchi^ 

U 4 Ck9u 

iX N : EKl EH 15.1 

. my to P^t^r-iy'% :Brh^s 
an accaiation againU l^iin,'^ 48. 

• His geiftor^^ m^lH$.Karahguc$i- 
Vi iB^. :4tis, '^"Siit^r, HI. 

po^es .ttfe; ptbp6fiti(rtis of the 
^ar/ifaix; ifed.^ 'Hi defeats the 
SJariiinsi jSk. - fii BHngs the 
govcmsnefit JhtO'^bnfufioti, 383. 
li flam i» tatflel /5^/( " 
C£r«ic. 6f ' HalitahiajBS nn akcs an 
tlftititiii ibr Lxfander^ ill. 207. 

Cpfin\ * cotifltJerafefe -perfon at 
jR^4»irftt/w, his'eftiein iox Pbo^ 

Cieoif^ pnt of the ' ty rantB of 5/^- 

'<^«; Vt. 146. 

Cledrnetus^ the (bn of Chcmedony 

Ciea^ietof Byzantiumy the hiftory 
of kti and ; Faujamas (General 
of the dpartkm, W : ^QOy 501. 
He invokes her ghoft, the an- 
fwcr 1^ nfade hiitt, .^01. 

CUmie^s^ governor w ^V>'d/!f aad 

Cleonymus of Sfarti^ encourages 
tiie 'Tv^^rfwi againft Demetrius^ 
hxiton * b^meirm^i ' ^ ppro^ch 
fecretly withdraws, V. 270. 

^ Ifisdomeftick troubles. III. 93. 
He felliclta Fyrrk^ to march 
hid \ army -agalnft S^artay gz. 
lie ' advifes Fyrrkui to attack 
Sparta as fooi^ as he ^ppmach- 
cd it/ 93; s . '•" 
CUonymuf the (bn of Jf^^/rw;, 1 V. 

. 93. ' A i>rodiiiing'5^th, f^f</. ' 
Of :gr€at beauty^ '/i^*-F|fe 

. gallantbrfiavkwr'ih battle^ 97v 

CUonymuSf the father of Limd^a^ 
Clecpkier^ ' ^ fiiebd . of Jiiraiits,- ¥f ; 
CUofatra^ the daughter of Miihrt- 

was fdi^-1ier:lakei^*'^M^^-^. 

Ciigfar ftnAi Ibr-'E^r^^iid ^ikw 

lh/gcr^1leHcl^ coii'^^ved-^Mhi* 

,' jiparcnrin?, 3^0. " The^d^jfisifoii 

C4r/^^' had of hei-Sl^V^.-^e 

'^tctoriiiieJ her Wfier Jbr^iter, 

, ibid. Declares he^^'q«tedtt\of 

• 'J^//,' an^has a fott^jr- herr 

named C*<^i>, ^36. ■ESriit^hat 

'^'e was obliged t6'Flf/'itfi*,.Vir^ 

296.'-Ordtercd to awSiear b€ft«-e 

4ntony^ 309. Her magt^fi- 

cence, ji o. The iMxia^ Hf 

her cpnver&tiott, '3[ty.£ fter 

different ways bf'Battei^^, ^1^. 

The comical adventure of Ker 

. fifMiigi'3^3V 31:4/- H^r^'^ffli-> 
m'li] ation*: 313 7; • • - Dwlfei^ i^ ''the 
habit of ^ the godael^^^;*'y3g. 
The fhips- taoheyv kA^^oVHt- 
oti -whctfewith fht' 'Aif>|)lkd 
Antony^ 3 ^o. Jeal<iai oTthe ho- 
nour O^W^ received at- A- 
thensy 341. By her ofage An- 
tony loil many of his friends, 
343 . The good effed of a jeft 
flie made, 346. She {lerfuades 
A^fo^y to fight Auguflui by fea, 
347^ She by her flight ruin- 
ed Antony y 350. A project 
fhe had framed to herfelf, 353* 
She makes a tolledion of poi- 
fonons drugs, 356. Tries ex- 
periments with vebomoas crea- 
tures, ihd.: Petitions Augt^usy 
Ibid. The- atonemem ffie m^de 
to Antany for her indifcretioii« 
3^7, 358. Build$ fewfal^o- 
nu^ents^ co whieh O^e'^ fettds 
her riches, 358. SeQ<|^her&- 
cretary to bnng Antir^vo- htt - 
iiil the md«ament> 360*- Her 

frief fw-him, 361. Sei^eibjr 
>if«fe««/, 56^. Her^ftioa* 
3'64v 'iHer Intentions to flanre 
hferfelifilxy death, ibid. She 
throws herfelf at Augufiu^^ fe^t, 


IX N^i Df' Ey Xi 

" 365.^ Her prayer .^,^/«WS . yfflff^. T^'.lP.W^mn^. yfll- 

||itQ;<f}i»fiM. and patrpjj^ .cft^-^ 

CBe«t^Tnfth^ii9^^r«^, from thpir 
pwrpns by fvery ,degrec,of ^- 

440. Ac9^{t? «K.triJ?ifflfi^pf 
}nceft^aSs^c.'-Bi^^a<^t^itt^ 3^fe 

.. -337? .3 "tes^MQs^rf'^ikiP- 

reft, 342. Occalions gij^tcT^i- 

a patric^fi,if«p f plcit^eia^.^ 
ly, and why, V. 75^. tjis^jftfe- 
lence, 44jqM , ^, HU intrigue v^^iirio 
Pompeiay IV. 334f>&?f. V^ 449. 
Accufed of ifipeft withv*4iii:> 
fillers, 441. Profecutes OV^» 

445. §ei2;ed bj^a trib«nf,.44|. 
Killed by Mlo^yr^f^-^. \) '\o 

gai»5 grearhgnour ia the C/adfM G))cUieri thepVaBt^? Ifft 

$ght^M^^J*'f^f^^^h anjiis flain againft_ 5/^/flr«i, IIL .4J73vA 

- in the^ tetd« qiCorm^y i^-^^- 

aw<?f tb^ fether s^ Jratt^? pne 

of the xwo chief magJ^ates m 

aiwSriw, th^ bufl>W«l pf fl4h^':^ 
whom u4ff/i?ir/»aarncdaf;«cWs 

Sicyon, VL146. Slai»by^i6tf^//- C/c^/W, fent aa diiguife ftom fy- 
J :u:a .^//^i&r's camn. .to- adviffi ^«/«fv 

?/f>^^/7f* »vf* V* i-.>..-^.T-. - to attack iti . V* 303' ; - > -^ 

p^led Ae Pi/afin^s . and:ef- CMW Cd/m oi Jvtf^fh^ kk M- 

tabli&^d the deinocr^y, in vice t<x NytftfU^St \}»Zi lA-i 

" Cledius Mdcpr^ Geo«|al \xi,^fi(i4i^ 

hw chara^ert Vli 204* ^ia^ 

WW facrificiDg. 2^90, Hi^rude Clodoms, a name givei^. ^Q^ fli^ 

behayiotw- to Mexander^ -and j8«ffP^«<3^*fr^4 V.-^^^O,,- ,. «;isc^, 

tbft.itary of bis deati^«..i9*» Ckfiofis M^g^^.hy,^Q^GaJ^ 

%9^, apS- ^ - ' — ^-'^ -affllled by, tb^:i;«fw»i| ii,33ff-> 


tlMenti fon of ^l^mofifif ex- 
pdled Ae PiAA^V,^* and:e^- 
tabli&^d the deinqcr^y . > 
^A^»/, IL 6; 385., HL 2$4- 

ai/<W> &C«WW« Mexandi/,. IV. 
»4*. What. happened wbe?a, he 

and his friendU back, ^fl P^*" which the Senate wei;eip,wS(p^ 

a/w a fervant-to SrMtu^»yj^.l9i' Cnieus Oaa<vius, fee Off^^ifjr. y 

Cloftkfl and .hat* of paiple,, t^ Cntl$s, Q^f^m, tCbPftp, r;h^^ 

greateft honOMr ainop^- ; -^ . ^el/us for hi3 colleguCa _IJ. 

t K d t 5f. 

-'Whtit^t byhUftinPailf. 566. 
CcdUnntSy or -the idcot, t: trjck- 

' name aVett' * to ' 'C/ktf« the 
-' =gftindfitthct 6f<2imky Iff. 278. 

Cock,' on what occalibn' dftrcd 
ttt iatnStt b^ tlie LacettemonioMSf 

' dldributed ioto djn$a^l<^ 'ac** 

'cjOrding it) their tradft-, I' V$i- 
Cbiic^vc itiimnfrs iifed't6 Beht 
; AeT^4/'«rc, I. ifif.^ ^^ ; 
ddhsx^ftti aftd chimAiHM'tup. 

^JJofei " to fee heljied ;By' ftferag 
*' ffrtck'' ivith the* 'thobg''6f a 

goatilun, I. ^i; ' ^ ' 

il. tej. IV. it>5. A golden ^wr^r// a tcnipfc birift ttfW, I. 

cock carted onr thcp6int of a * 3^59. V. i?f. 

' fpear, in token bfhoftoar, VL ^ " "*" '^ ** ^ 


C^/^/, ict Horafiar Codes. 

(MhtT, Soion defeeitded from him» 

• ''l.i&^.' •'"■' " ■' 

^€1*/)*?, ^Iirffe df "Sf^Ha; di^oixrcd 
' 'forbtorenncfi,*!!!: 22^. 
CMuSy one of CarMs Generals, 
-'•'•JV.'ilo. ' 

^JWRtail Ttvt) ftone tofiiris made 
: for "'JV^wtf, one For hw body, 
^ ' jatid-'the othtr for his books I. 

• " ' 't 96. When difcoVcned , iiid. &c. 
^C^itfiii' F/b^/f^i* ftartped with the 
•^ 'fifciitiBbfanardiei'ilV. 8t. VI. 

'■C«l&&y. ^th^ *ufl^^ of Z«- 
^^'^^ih, chdfen cbnftifi I. 247. 
^^iA<?cttfcd*by\Br«ira> 6ffavouring 
"^^'Tarprrity 249: He qi!Jts*the 
f ■ tofitohijj, 254.- 
-Cc^onies, fevertil fcttt Out by Pe-^ 

^ ^ ricifSythe advantage of it, II. 18. 

Cffcfihtmians fet at liberty by Lu^ 

^ Mus,Jih-3o6. 

-(^)lt iiicrificed ^y the T^^Ao^j, II. 

Comet, a great one that app«fared 

' fW feven nights together after 

Ca^d death, IV. 401, ^02. 

• fhifntasy archon when' Pijtftratus 
" fciied the goverhtnent, I. 245. 

* ' CffkinHa the conful befifegerf t7w/V/f , 
•' il. 149. Beats the "I^^Vsrw, 

Ctfhf^idasi tutor to' f%e/his, Jf. 6. 
Co»&n, the ill ufe he made of 
S^Ms friendftiip for Irioi, I. 

Cwtf^, General of thfe Jthentans, 
defeated by Ly/nniitef- tk JEgas 
Potamos, 11. 135I, nt, 189. 
Defeats the Sfartamntzt Oiiiks^ 

1v.g5.v1: 134. ;-^- 

CoHopion an underUker who burnt 

the body of Fhcion/V/'t^, 
Cvnfidius a feiatof, th<5 f^Iute 

reply he made to defity IV, 

•41.' • '■-' • ■ 

Coufitaliat, iteaft ainoiigft the Ro-' 

tnaks, 1* 69. 
6onfui)jr^ one of theni'lfhof^ out 

of the commoh people, L 

369,376. Oath taken by the 
' confuls on layiffg down their 
' ■office,"V. 
Conjusy a god, whofe altar wat 

pretended to bje fbtinfd nnder 
' groand by Romufu^y 1 66. Kept 

covered, except (Juritig the 

torfcraces, 67. 
Cvfiiimy ' chief of the Temjhges^ 

dbfdnius the goiremor df Carri^, 

III.* 4J3. Marches oiitfio meet 
'■ Cfij^ after Ws 'defeat; ahdre^ 

cet^s him into the t6wn, 45 4. 
Cdrcyne^ '^Jriadn^ nuHe; buried 

'^ti^^xas. I. 25., 
152. Kti? fpeech in pr^fe oJF Carted; thef cbncroverfy the in- 
mktciusy Ibid. GiteSt' him the '"'hkbitarfis thererf had with- the 
Ibhiame 'ofCcf^ohhuit 153. Carhtthianr, detetmlhea by 7*^^- 

Cdmithimi a plade in •i8wff<',' why * shtfibcifj, I. .310. An iHand of 
fo called, 1. 6f, 78. ^' -ftretigth,* H. 38. ' - 


ft - 


I K D t t. 

King of the Mol^anSf I, 42. 

Ov^'? aSwW a fricij4 to fiberty> 
II. jfip6^ The great charter ^ 
^the p^ple :of that cfity^ 327. 
N63ix.ip^^#/ the moft powernil 
93»^ hoi;u3uiral>le city. G« Grf^rfy 

Creetty Vl. iJSp. • . ^ [!, 

Cerimiutirf, Vfha^t tio^m they isreie 
to allow the Jithtniims at the 
Ifthtnim games» J« 34. Pubh<:k- 
\^ accufe the Atbeniansy II, 39. 
Agree to affiil the ^^/Vi'/iisn/} II. 
107. Cihuie timohon General, 
AkU* \f>^sA ihpplies after him^ 
. z\%* Their generous behariour 
l6^KSyracn(aniy 22q» 

Cmolanu^ Caiw Marciusr '^e< 
Tcended from the anciem faiAily 
of the H^rdiy 11. 14^, Hamg 
loft his fuher whilft.he was 
very yoang his siother had, the 
> car^ of his educaiioi^ Jifd. his 
charader, 144. His early incli- 
^ najtioQ to war^ i6id* His ho<iRy 
accompli (hmentS) /^«/. &c..His 
fii^fir ca9ipaign» 145. Sam.ihe 
life of a citizen in battlei and 
his reward for that iervice^ /^iW. 
His fentiments of fame, 146. 
His great affe^'on to hb mo- 
ther« i^uf, Bcc. He marries to 
ple^e her» 147. His opjpofition 
to the ]»eople» 148. His great 
fervices at the fiege of C^m/r, 
I ^o. His fpeech to the ibldiers 
to wjthd^w thcQX from plitnder, 
aiKJ incite them to n;iarch to the 
aliHUnce d Onnimusj 151. His 
reqpeft to that General, ^52. 
He defeats the Fbl/cm$fs, ^bid. 
Ex polled by Ccminiuf^and among 
the many prefents tendered to 
him he accepts of a horfe.pnIy, 
hShW' The only favour ht 

. ^i^ iiM i^ receives tHe fur- 
name o^.Corio/aftus,..}!^ 153. 

. Oufes a colony to be ient to K?^ 
IHra in fpiteoftbe eribunes^ji 57. 

He pw no fqi^ Ac conrdO^p. 
but id rejeOed, 158. His refent- 
ment ou that occaiion^ ijg, 
Hi^int^reft among the Patri- 
ciami,' ibid. His fpeech againft 
die commionalty, 160, jl$i. 
The effedt of that fpccch, x6i. 
cited to appeaf before the tri- 
bunes, ilaii. His haughty beha . 
riour towards them, ilrii. Con- 
demned to die, 163. Fron- 
ted by the. Pairuians^ ibid. De-i 
mands of the tribunes the heads 
of their charge againft him, 
165^ The arcifioe they made ufe 
of to eethim condemned, 165, 
166. Condemned to a perpetoal 
exile, \66. .His ftea^ineis and 
infenfibiUtx, ri^J. To^ what 
owing, ilfiJ, He quits Rome, 
ibid. He propoies to ftir up the^ 
Folfdam -againft KotiUt iGj, 
fcfr. He ffocf to the houfc of 
TuUus^ 168. His fpeech to him, 
168, £^r. His. ilratagenx ag;^inft 
the Romans, 17 2,. The .demands 
made by the Voljcians bjr his 
perfuaflopi^ and the anfwcr t)f 
the Romaniy ibid. Peclared 
General with ^ullus^ ibid. His 
^arti&e .^ render the nobility 
fufpedled by the people, ;73, 
Lays waAe the country of .the 
Latinesy 1 74. Lays liege to La- 
vinium^lj^. The people move 
to have him recalled, >vherein 
they are oppofed by the Pa- 
triciansy ibid* He quits La*vi^ 
mum^ and marches towards 
^028^, 176. Amba/Iadors (cat 
to him from the Romans, ibid. 
The reception he gave them» 
, 1 77. And his -anfwer to 
them, rbid- He grants them 
a .tru<fe of thnty days, ibid, 
At which the Volfdans v^. 
offended* ibid. His behaiviou^ 
during .the truce, 1 78. The R^ 
mans knd him afecond embaily, 
ibid» His -anfwer tx> di6m« 

I- N D: E X- 

IL 178 . A third embafly as 
fittitlefs as the former, 178, 

* 179. Afburthi,wi«hhi5wifeand 
^ sm>ch^ at the hfestf oF it^ 182. 

' His !ppther*$ fpecdm'83, 184. 
At which he' is mblified, and 
•Jfead^ back thi^ r<7^/W/, 185. 
?ii&rj requires him b refign 

^liis charge, r'lJ7, • His anlV^r 
ibid. The VolJ'cian'i fell on him, 

' Aiid* mardei' hSin^ i88r But 
l^ve him an honoumble funeral, 

-•j^/<^,.The news of his death, in 

^ what manner received by the 

IRmausy ibid. The Volfctam 

4&rry for what they had done, 

; ibid. His advantages over A/ci- 

hades, 1 90, ^r. 

Cs^M, ' the*, chief city of the 

\f^aams/lU 149. Invefled by 

t\i€ Romans, ibid. Taken, 150. 

Ct>rnel-tree, fabulous account of 
lS\e holy cornel -tree, I. 79. 

Cariteha, the daughter of M^te/lus 

. '^ipia, and v/idt>w of Publi us 
the fon of Crafus married 10 
'pMtf'ey, IV . 184. Her charat- 
' ier, ihid. Her fbrprize on the 
§i^W9 of P^^y^s defeat, 209. 
te an* eye-witnds pf Pomf(j^*s 
-mufder, 215'. 

Ccrne/ta, ' the . daughter rf iS^-^^'^? 

'J^icttnus, and wife of TOmaj 

"OraecBus, VL <84. Her cha- 

ita^er, f^/^. flefnfes to, marry 

^f^Mmy P^i^ometor, Ibid. The 

-great care ihe took in the edu- 

aitioxi of* heir fons Tibfr^us, 

indCataif ibid. Her reproach 

Qorneiiuf Baibutf whftt he iaid to 

Qfrfuliur C. an ailgur, IV'.* ^jjr- 
Cermlius Ce/^eius/' idid^^idiif^ 


Bulpichs, why degraded 'fma 

theprielFs office,, fi. }|f^'"' ' 
CatniUus CoffiiSi miUtkry triBjijSe, 

had the honour of 6ffe^ing up 

the 4)oils called Opiml'i.yr, 
Cornelius ^Po/abella Ail Jdye* with 

dleopatra, fends hcr!.^6td of 
- Jftgi^us's defign toTfetWve her, 

VI. 366. See JboldiUa;' 
Qornelius Laco made captain of 

the practonan band* v [. 210. 
Cornelius Leniulus, hb geberous 

offer, to PauJus uEmilius, IX. 74. 
Cornelius Merula made boiiful hy 

O^a^vius in the toom o{Gnna, 

M. 153. 
Cornelius ^cipiQ chofeil tienenil of 

the horfe by Camlllu!s vihfsa 

Diftator, I. .3 a 7 . See ^e^io. 
Carmlius $j'lla. See SyUa^tU.^iS. 
Cornificius ordered by Augufius to 

awufe Brutus, VI» 81. 
Cdfnutus idw faved bj^ the fidelity 

of his flavci. III. 1 yj: 
Coroebus the archited begun the 

chapel at J?/flj^j, II. 20. 
Corrabus, the {on of Demitrluj hy 
. Euridice, V. ^86. . . / . 
Corrifus, the father .of Strai^tiiceibt 

wife ofA^tigonus, VI. 234. 
C(fr'(/inuf Faleriust. fix tiihes con- 
..ful, HI, 138, . 
Coryne^es, or Jhe jplub-b^!^artr;1^. 
Qo/conius .killed in a mtithiy, Fv . 


ibthcmjJ9i.*The(!atueerca:ed C^j^,- General, of die Albdkians, 
to h^r honour, and the infcrip- and brother to their King, Jlam 

ttbh which it i)orc, 211. In . ^^''^^r ^^- 'S5' "'."U 

^'what manner Ihe'-affifted her .C^<«^, ccnIeMe ofl^/^A^, ffihi 

fmCtdui, Z26, Hereonftancy , iii battle Ey Sfiitt^cur^ 1% 

^H'86t iffiai6ti^-iii6. 
CmkM \ht dku^httii- -of C^««, 
. '«¥de>/iFifiHf^wift,,l!Y.3^S« 
C^itiltini one of 5;//ys captains, 
^bribed by e^j/ir-tbUet hi© 
^iefat^i lV.32(S*' '' ' V ■ 


C'^us Liciniiu fent by,%^^^Mi« 
to confuU xhe oracle ^Z>^Af, 

327. -''^ '•■•^^■' 


Ciim, Marcus AuerUnj^xicit <6tiiSl, 

oppofe? tl^c law propoM'bSr 

. ) i ' t * • ■> < 


I' N D 

Sta^usi lit, xo8. Conful with 
Lttcfur fjiicuUuf^ what he faid of 
the wwjwith ,MrViT/Vi«/^jr, 309, 
Se»f1)^rthe fenatc to guard ^hc 

jl4v pfeambition to fightM/iri- . 
r/4&?/<i>;^li.fix>uted both byfca 
and \ajidiijiid, Overthmwn in 
a fta7.(fght Jiy pmriui, IV, 16.- ^ 

Cotta Puljifff^ what Ctc^x^ 

him> V. 4^8, ' . 

Cotyloftf a nickname given to 

F4iriujr Vh 303- 
Cfitji KixigK^Pafhiagonh makei a 

feagae with Jgefilausy IV. 76. 

Mairies the daughter ofSfitiri- 

JateSf ibid. ^ 

Courage* e(teesned the chief vfr- 

tae .DJr ^Q fiom^fUf lU 14^. 

The properties of courag«» Ii. 

^79. Ifl, 86. VI. 139, The 

foarceofitrue€oorage» II, J07. 

V. 151, IC2. ; , 

Cow with c^lf to be facrificed hy 
a widow marrying before the' 
time prefciibed^ 17 1 7 z* 

Cowardice doth not always arife 
from luxury* VL 138. 

Crane, the name of a xlance Infti- 
tutcd by Hhe/euu h 2^. 

Craffus Marcusy his original. III. 
418. Brought up with lu$ two 
brothers/ ihid. His tempe- 
rance .i]o diet, ibid, Mpiderare in 
hi3 amours^ ibid, Acculed of a 
criniinaTconverfe with Z./V/»i>z a 
veft^l, ibid. But acQuitted* 4 19 . 
Hi^ ava^i^e, ibjj. Hi? eflaiq \vA?n 
he Ml appeared in the , w.orld, 
an(d by , what means he increafed 
il« ibid. The number, .of bis 
flaves, ibid. Saying of hi^ qn 
pe]:fo»s.4vddii^d to bqilding, 

- 4ao/^He.let but his f^^^its, 
ibiJ. He was pofleft of filver 
iiii^es,.^^..His o^cono^yjbv^ 

. .which iic-fiot his riches^., tiiia^ "* 

• Jbis hoipitaTltyy '^y^* He would 

E X* 

lend mfi^isf lo:hi& friend) widi- 
p«it incer^iii, . but reqaircdv ic 
again: aif^h^firedfetime* ibid. 
The ; eJeg^opp .attdbft«^%^of 
his )e«tert^m»)ents5 iM. He 
q^liedJ:^ftl£.<hiefiy torhec|[>« 
ric„ 4^,1 . . :His ^UrteQus MHel- 
vipur, H'd. WelLagq^ainWd. 
with hijftpry 9udjfrijhf/e^s phi- 
lofophyi ibid^ ; Hi^ father , ^pd 
brother Dn ordered by Ciiuira 
and Mariut,ibid* Heeicap^s^e 
danger and.fliea, into, ^^wt, 
472i HeJiiei^conceiiledin^Qnre 
near the fea^ibocci and is han^- 
fomeJy fupplied by f^i&iutJh^^ 
cianusy ibid. On the new^^of 
Cinnah death he appevs pul^^^ 
lickly, 423. Ailembies an a:^y 
of twenty Bv^ thoufand m^fi» 
ibid^ Goes iiUo u^Vaand jojiHr^ 
Meteliui Pius ibid., ,Qg^Cs 4jSf« 
a//w, ai^d goes over jto J^ijih^, 
ibid. SenttQjkvy.troopsamongft 
the jlf/i^ffx, ibid. Agpod^iiy- 
of Sylli^% XQ \^m,' ibU .T^e 
emulatiQnr rbf^^veev bis^ ^^ 
Pompeyyj^24. He enxicbes hi^- 
felf byprofcripc;ioR9.aAd fequ^- 
trations^ ibid. Very iujbep^Me 
of . flattejc^,, 415.. His ^^-^ 
ply to one who called Ppv^eyi 
the great y ibid. By^ what me^a 
he end^vQured ;o equal /'a^k^,, 
ibid. Thcfervice^he <&} to (i^, 

. ibid. He. trims between, the 
parties of J^omj^^v^ Q^M» 
426* Sent Generajl,a|;ai]i^ft.^^r* ' 
faeus,, 429; He; revivef the; ^- 
<;ieQt..puni^meiU; ^ dec^o^'^ 
tion,. ibid,^ ,Builds.j^ W.^I ^ojls 

,the .^^k^'us.^xo ..pK^vgnsLrltj^e 
eneavyv.f^9W fov^gmg,, ^4^. 
Defeats ^ part^i^ho had revi^l|^ 
from, ^r/if ;w, ibid,/Hj^;.ri?acr^ 

- foni fpr.p«?ftiil?gi<HVv\*,f ,w»r 
s^mii^fapa^u^f il?^.. lie. y^^ 

. , goifhcs th^ fugitives inja^tt^d 

> battle, in which Sparunnf, is 

ilaiQ* 432. Does, not d^^e a 

5 trittxnpht 

r N rr 

triampli/ and thinjcs it mean to 
accept an ovatioht lit. 43 2> 
UtequeRsPomjte/s afliAa»ce tg be 

' chofen confal, iiiJ. . Hb va- 
riancE with Ftm^y^ during threir 
eDnfulfhip, /&</. !He makes a 
great facrifice to Hfrcukh feafti 

' the peapte at ten thouiand ^ 
tables^ and gives them corn for 

' three months, ihid. He is re- . 
condled to Pam^^'r and make$ 

' the firft overtore, ?&</. He docs 

, jiothing remarkable in his cen- 

ipHhip, ibi^ Is deiirous to make 

JBgypt xxih^xaay taRome^ but 

, IS oppofed by Lut^tius Catuiutf 

' ibid. Sufpe^ed of being in 
CatiliMe's conQ>iracy9 ibid. His 
enmity to Cicero^ 434. His 
ion behig a conftant follower of 
Cicero\ reconciles him ajid his 
father, ilnd^ His conferences 
with Pwp^^ and d^r at Ltt^ 
ca^ 435. The agreement they 
made, ibid. Tranfported with 
joy cV being declared gover- 

^ iior of 6]yrjtf, 436, His vain 
and childilh expreflions on what 
he intended to do, ibid, &c. 

'His ambition to undertake the 

Parthian expedition, notwith- 

fianding the imprecations of 

' Ateiujy 437. He arrives at Brun-^ 

> duffitph ib* His converfation with 

\ i^ng Deiotarus in Galatia^ III. 

438. His firft fucceffes in Sjriay 

. ib^He permit^ the army to falute 
' !faim^ Imper^tor on his taking a 

^ Aidl city, ibid. He returns and 

. takes up his win)if r quarters in 
^^riay where he is joined by his . 
ion, ibid. The great faults he 
committed* ibid^ Bon* By which . 

- means he raad^ .himfelf deipi- 

' cable, 439, Tkefirftomenof 
his misfortunes, /^iV. Ambai^ ^ 
ladors to him fiom. 4x£fices 

; , %JX\% of Parthia, their mel&g^ 

' ibid. His anfwcr and iheir re- 

: flyt'Uid, Heports that di^^our* 

, :age4 his foJ4i^,:8ndoifBfofn- 

•.»yoHW<r. Ffi^AlW* Pfbil?e 

fcoth W;«, .44f>rl, JgS3 5^cs 

.the.adKicc^f Cg/fiu^^,^\i€i^^t^ 

Jmenm^ima^ »/*« .?ifW^. 
( Cr/?^^fi^s^Ws air#^i«.« • 
, Tft^ drfpd^ul .|)f:fftgcs .^t 
r WP Wd . as hi^ t^o(^ ^^f re 

' PpPI?' pver. the.^fiAii^-ft^Hvib. 

pef^vcd by the flrtific^^f,^ri. 

to w meflcugers .|qpt t9,J)im 
by Jrj0ifi/ay ^4-^,.iM&^^' 
fufion qa the KP9r%4^%|u-fhc 

mv[iy[6, army wa^^a^ in|9ffci«5 • 

The order of his ;>f^fc^//. 
. He orders bis fo^.tqiCilia^ggjKbit 

Pdrthianj^ 448. ,, jji^^^cr- 
. abj^ conditipa ar)<L.Kigl¥^jpa> 

fate of th^ ^JQpps Jfjiat.v^rc 
. with liis (on, tbid. &c. His:4^u- 

ragf ai>dcoxi(laDcy <y) ^.^atk 

piOiii',fon,.and hi^rj??^f«^ 
to his fpJdier$, 4SAf 4ic^. ?Th© 
difmal condition iff the Bm^oh 
army* |5«, 45 3. The M^daefi 
the foldiers had for Cr^^, 
notwi0)Aanding . thw d^or- 
able circnmftances.i^jj, .^Hc 
decamps in the Qighjt^ a^d.gies 
to Carra, ibid* A^^j^i f^j. ac- 
cepts the conference^, ps9^pgied 
hySuK^a, 4S4---.^ttBto to 
Andromachus who l^^ays hiai^ 
, ;455, . ' Auacked b)t'^|^ f^bi- 

- to , d^lend bm,, /i/f/. nofiw'** 
, .offers a reconalwJti^ojo,^^ 
fufpefts ^w»i8» Ku^jfjjpiRpcl- 
Icd b)r his . fgjdiers V/ a «M]JiSrr> 
enoe, .^'S7* What ^' ^f 4^ his 
ioffic^rs pn tha(Qq:}ifiog£^ii/. 

. led by a. Psorthian^ U^ ^^^hc 
. ri4.i;nl<)tu end ol'.tliat enapdi- 

bove Siiciast 464, 4c« His «n« 


IN D E X. 

jtdB^ed' b^ two cxaipplcs, III. 
' if6j^i 'HiideaA moiie honour- 

d^l6 tHaii i^at of Vticiasy 468. 

Chk^i.fhe yoii^ger,^ ^ocs i|ito 

* "^ ntoUf ikin|; oft Cicerd'$ hUpifh' 

' mdAt, and Afterwards' iecon- 

' tiler Mm and lit "kthtr, ill. 

434, rtii'feagttTi^fi tb eii^^gc 

' the f^ihians^ 446. Mis yalbor 

vrhen lie was forropjdded by tlie 

eneiny, 448, .449. Hi^ an- 

fivh-'tp two Gr<f^ Who advifed 

him to rcdrCv 450. ^e ptders 

lu) afmbur-beairer to kill hiin> 

ihj£ II1C Ptfr/&>«/ cut oJFhis 

' hfead,' ibU: Thp Part hi am in^ 

(nit die' Romans^ by Ihewing 

them C>-42JSr A head* whiich i^hcy 

)^^^t on a fpear, 451. \. 

€V*ij^>v b»^e who had been at{//«- 

rtf-wlthCa/a, V. io6. 
€iraffm^ the brother of I^kihiaiht 
•wife of Ci/iw Gracchus.' v. 
222.' . ' 

Ctafiiims 'Ceiui, or C^kfftnusy a 
centinion» beein^ the battle 
ttPSarfiiUa^iy^lO^. $Iain, 
ii^/V. What C*^/rfr faid to 
htm, atid his anfwen ibiH. and 

Craierus and AniipaUr having fub- 
dued Grpecey march into Afia 
agn^nft fnAccaSt IV* 40. The 
lo^e the Macedonians had for 
Crjitnu^^ ibid. He with A^o/- 
/f/fMrif/tn^rchesagainil Eu?nenesy 
41./ His herojck valour, 4a. 
AhJ lUpppfed dfeath, 43I * He 

• corifecrates at Delphi a f feprefea- 
ta^n in bmf^ c( Alexander 

' kShiig a Kpn, 27p* Is wounded 

in htthtfng an Ichtmm^n^ IV. 

; '279' '- yf-jSra^i^ offers iacrifices 

• ior -il^ recovqry of his K^alth, 
48d. Hf^ ch^ra&r, i^6. yhc 
difdovieij he t^e ta Alfxa^der 

' by 'M^n^ of AntigQne,'. i88. 

He conjes oiif of . A/d into 

'■ 9fm t^Hhi. .a poWe^|^^af^^^ 

Of Pmcion^ ipid. 
Ctaiejiclea the mpthei' of Cleimi'- 
nesy V« i49f Her cpuragea^4 

fenerofi^y, ^65, Her grief on 
erfonV death, 179. Hercpn- 
dancy ana death, 180, ^8i, 
CrateJ^QUsf die widow pjT ^^«p. 
ii«i^r the fon of Polyfperchon^ 
her amour with Demetriu4py^ 

240- v' '" 

Cn^inus the; poet, the refleftipns 
he made on. the wall and OJeum^ 
or muiick .theatre built by ^#- 
ricles^ 11. 21 . The praifes he 
gave to CrWiTfi, ni, 287. 

Cratippus the philofopher, ^e 
manner of his behaviour to 
Pompey at Mityhne^ IV. ^^'10. 
He was a peripatetick, Vii 78. 

Cratus the philolbpher perfuades 
Demetrius to^raiie the iieg? of 
Athens^ V. 278. 

Craujisy the fathe^ of Philppaemenp 
lU. J. . 

CreophyluSy Itomerh hoft, L ip7« 
^f. His pofterity pre(erved'^»- 
mer*$ writings, ihid. 

Cretans^ their frugal manner of 
living. From them, and ^he 
hnians Lycurgus drew his mo- 
del, I. 107. Great knaves, 
II. 266. A nmrtial, but folber, 
temperate peopl^. III. 9, ^ 

Crete^ the . Athenians plaid a ^tri- 
bute to Crefe^ and on what ao- 
CQunt, I. 15;. . . . . f; 

Crifpinus the collegue of Mar^eU 

■ {!''> W;,37*' VVounded, 37S, 
Dies of his wouiids, ibid. 

;Cr//J>/««j, humand oi Pvpp4ieq,Vl* 

. 217;." ^^ '" '" - ■" \ 

Crifpinus an j;^cer in Oth^h artnyt 

murdered,^ yl. '231. 

firitias tlie' fo'n JStCalla/chrusylf^y^ 

itaips a decree for recalling^ y^/. 

' a^/idSp/ft^m^xile,!!: ijj.^^it 

rcp'ref&tatioh to £K/iWi?rJ gf 40. 

tritias^ Ohe of^ the thirty ,ty«nti 

\; pt^/feK» wia/iir fj|7 

^ Xiri'- 

IN t> E X. 

Cfittftdda^f <me of' tile Spartan 
arbitrators betwe^ iW Hfheni- 

t^^ki' tile orator^ i (aying of 
Ifli Oh' the fefi^ \itteikrffor 
V Ae maititeQ^nt^ ^ 4 War/ V. 
• 391. '• •' ' •"* 

Vne/tts's intkr^tew Wkk; Mtfft. t 
257, kc, ^ ' * 

by Wy^/^^, I. I o. 

Creteniares, ptut of' the ^^ofls tfl- 
"ken fey Jle^andifr at i/rir/ui fcnt 
itd them, an4 why; rVT. 271. 

Crowsftunned»and^GkdowR by 
the exdainadoRs of the people^ 
III. 39. ' ' 

Ci^pUa or Jthhii/code MX Sparta^ 
'what,^ r. 444. 

C/^j, 'phyikian io Attaxerxes 
tKie mdnd> a eh«ra6ier of bis 
wi-itfngs, W.' 1I3. His ambi- 
tion and partiality to the Lace- 
damonianSf 125. 

Ctefiph&n^ for what mdifled, V. 

CtffippHs the fbn of C^ahriasy his 

chara6ler» V. 9. VI. 390. 
CuSeOf ^advice**hegavtf to Pom- 

fe^yW. tySr 
Cumaiy people noted fer dieir 

'ftupidity, Vr. 199. 
Cap, Laconic^ cnp, the fafhion 

of it, I. 116. 
Oirrw, the capftol of the Sahines, 
'f. 76. 156. From whence the 
^Utematis were calkd ^irius, 

Ibid. '' 

Grf***, or watds, ten in each tribe 
'ki Rhmcy I, 78. 

CjrWV-befieges and tafecs die cita- 
del of Aihenu HI. 1^6. 

"CWS the tribuhe ^oirght overto 

't:^far'9' iht^i^'.'fV- 188. 

*'^'hai he derfiftndW 'in fevOar 

of' dtfar, ''fbi^?'^«<f' conveys 

Cia5/&r -off iVTieil irt 'danger of 

• benttg' killed by the guards, 
"333 C^r paid all his debts, 
359. What he propofed in Cr- 

> '/«iA iMMie, j6d^. The ttdvice 
''-''' M fAte KoGnto, V; C4. The 
ihowt^ e:thibited by hith When 
^^^BiMtev'*4.^» TiMt l*tffii Of ^. 
• '##*y, 'V^<t%^^' Whfeh he en- 
^ gt^g^ediiPtlfe Mdreil! of C</ir, 

■ 29K' . • ^M . 

truribf, the tipfftliMi the l^omans 
' tttd of the dHctocy of them, I. 

'•"}j*; iff. 457. ^ ' * 

CUNiak take, fo tsilfed fl-om Cut'^ 
• tMy 'k iobItf'5i»*?>(f, I. 764 
Cajftevtnst ^e whole nation put to 
the fword by Akxandiry IV. 

C^&M Of the mother of the gods, 
wanted Tbtrnftntei of in at- 
tempt to murder him, I. 317. 
In acknowledgment he dedi* 
cMcd B temple to her, ^18. 

Cykrnefiaior the feaft x>f pilots, 
inftitirted in honoUk* of Natifi- 
iheustti^Ph^ax who went with 
7**^1^/ to Crete^ J. 20/ 

Cyhifthus an adopted fon of ^ha^ 
ksy I. ^9. 

CjcbreuSy the Salamituan^ honour- 
ed at Athens with divine wor- 
fhip, I. II. He was King of^ 
Sa/amsfty ibid. 

Cjcnus killed in fingle combat 1^ 
Hercules 9 T. 12. 

Cydhus * river, the waters where- 
of are exceeding coM, IV, 

CylaraBfSy a place of exerdfe near 
the gates of Ar^ifty Ilf . ' 1 00. 

Cyton^ the hiftbry of him and hia 
accomplices, f. 214, Sit. 

Cynifcay {\^tx to AgefiiiaiiSy con- 
tends in the*thariot-race at the 
Oifmffki pnoes, iV. 86. 

Cyno^p^Uty or do^s-heads, a 
place io called, lllr 35. 

Cyn^ar^S'y theiiameof the^reft- 
lii^-plaee without the -dty of 
Athens; \:%%V. 

Cyrbesy the tables oA which 9^Un% 
laws were written, L 233. 

Cyrus the greats hit prudett9e-and 


7 J iN i\D ..E I X. 

^ it, jr., 2f9, 240,. .Hif mmb, . jNwWittfcaW^ .:. 

Qrrf/^ ^.4r)jp 'fti>' of i J)4»lflttrM«d pWfti^i I^ ^^il • JM^ed,*l|lSJi 

J ., biQtl^lfrl** ATtff»0t9ti^ ff?^0 the a i^^u^ qfr(C9fdl^.|Eio UriKh 

concubine, II. 34. H^^fur- Damon^ fumamed Perifoli^^i^Ms 

, hif J^14k«f*„iai^, ' .^HlA b'm^' ^^on the Paanian, VJJ. ,^|Bi<^ 

iliip for Lyfander, mi tb9 jpre- D4nH0Ukk ftomQ^hy 4m^/m^M 

. fen^r,het lilRde. hip)»l iU» xvlS"^ tbe occailoo^^Qf 4e Qvertl^qM of 

Tie grca$ oinfideHQt be hM in Ottmfnf^ V. . 47.1:, . . .... ,. .;; 

IfXfi^r^ i$6. . I^^jiQing J)anceofdi&,C«0^//%«d^ffuibed 

, |of tbe same, VL AJ/). tfii& oa thtf^xisig^CUarfitUi mjt%y 

temper, tiiJ. He confpiref a- fo culled^ ,VJ^-^3jq« ! , 

; gai^H, H}9 .bJ99t]Ntr».ib<tt i$. W^ Da^ces^ religiQus pq^», Appelated 

. dppei^y tbeiAterceiBQftiOCvhis by Numa, I. 164. ^- .t^ 

.]Xio|hery,i.li4»i ., Hi9«» treachery D^damh^ ^ /;i{4^'«a pUlofofJVBjr^ 

. . tq hi«{ bK>thfff, II 5^ , iWhlrt he IV. 234. What he faiioWie 

wrpte ; toi the < l,0CA^if^manj, Grtek phil^pheir^, , g*i. 

«.i'i.^»tii7. > He mal^e? watav D^nuhe^ }f/f^is braiiglit -ft^m 

. .g^'nA,.hwJb««thfr,).iii7, 1 ,{Iis .^cnct and. Is^id np in t|ic^ tiea- 

. amCw^ IP! CiWvit*v,i.i JI9* , ills fury of thejii^of P#<^<^i.JjV. 

raihnefsj /i/^., Slain liui.batitle, 274. 

. t^i».i w : . . * ^ Daphne^ the d|wgJjter<^of ^4jKffa/^ 

Cytberis^ an a6beis> .«^00|i'8. ffiti- transformed into a lauD99;y*^ 

ftr^fii, y, 295. ' ..V J32. » » ' ,. , . i 

' ,K » V Pflr4i?«itfoa|rfef the ^tfwf/ifv?^/- 

/: .P. ^ godf to Tire»t If 344- . . > 

TX4^A* of mo0i«< /^. I. ^^ VJ. i^^,, . .- ,/. ;> 

JL/ >79' Darius^ Codomivtuff Jmx<die& from 

Vaulalutp jUfi^iltglit, h a^ . Si^fa agpinfi ^;ca»4er^ and ^^ 

Daemon: /of$9cr|{i«^ 11. .1,1 1.* . number of h{& forces, IV, 247. 

Dsemons, a fpecies of beii^s of . |{i^ drcMli./i^/. .T]^ <m^ 

. a mi4#^ a^tp*^ between ..the heboreiusMkrjthel^iighi^pfe- 

divipe apid human^ L S7^ ^« . de^i&r, 9^1;^ vN€gle^ng.liie 

J>amactu)f^ - to opkuippit of; a globe advice of* Am^ntas he perQ^j^ 

of fi^^ thj^t 5V9I feeo .in d^ air, ' his enror, w)^^a it , w^ .yoo^i^^\ 

. IJI. ^9^1. ,. . , ; 249, 250. .Defeated bjr.4/I||y-. 

fkamJUif , Qthenvtfe c^^ed,. iy<?- . .: ^W«r, ^9^: T^e inaj»ifi<9M^ 

rrtf/?^^ JbUedby :!riic^,J[.,1i. of hist^t, iii/W, - .^«> i^^ 

^, In* w]^t ^Mmner h(j^fc4ftr»n- .,}»« wrote; tk ,4l9}m^t 26j-j 

gers,.i;^/<^\&c, •: ;: • ^is g^^ «W|V . -^^ceivip|,, die 

JViwW^ ») i^fii«/.^4^«rf4{,.|?*ei| , .|JesS;^i^i5w*ft> df»4«ji<ri/. 

- juifi)ncrJ^,44«rr^//'^M.4i4* ? The4iftwu*'««wecnl^^ 

Damoclidas, an afibciate ^itttW*'- 1^ .?>^f«ffiiitw^ )M;fl^ght Wa|^.J|3t 

1 N © B X. 

letted In tk^ a£Bdn Deal* JrMth 
IV. 270. His fl%ht| ^. T^cn 
hfBiJj^^ 281. h found wound- 
ed all over with darts, 2S2. 
What he faid to Fefyftraius^ 
who gave him fom^ water as 
he was expiring, ihU, 

Darius Nodus, his children by 
Pmy/aiisi VI. 1 1 2. 

Dariusf the elded fon of Jrtaxet- 
xes, who declared him his fac- 
ce£R>r9 VI. 1 39. Upon which , 
he demands Afpapa of his fa** 
ther, ibid, Seoilbly touched at 
the trick his father played him, 
140. Confpires againd his &• 
tker at the inftigation of 7/W- 
haxus^ 1^41. Is taken, con* 
demned and executed* 143. 

Vatis fent by the King of Perjia^ 
arrives on the coaft of Mara- 
than^ and ravages all the coon- 
try thereabouts, II. 389. 

Pay, a white day, whence ib call- 
' ed, II. 36, 

Pays fortunate or unfortunate, an 
ancient fuperftition, I. 541, 

Pead : a law a^nft fp^aklng ill 
of the dead, 1, 228. 

Peatb, JB/of% opinion of it, 11.^ 
327, A fudden death account- 
ed beft l)y Cafar^ IV. 395. 
The temple of death, V. Jt. 

Pebts, pnblick, a fifoty to the 
prince^ IV. 51. 

Dttade^ a place in the prHbn at 
Sparta^ where they ftra'ngjed ma- 
fefa<5b?rs, V. 141, 

Peccmvirate, V. 421, 422, 

Pecin^ation, an sincient pnnift- 
ment amoogK the Ramans j re«- 
vived by Craffus^ III. 429. Exc- 
CWted hy Antony^ V. 324. 

De'tdmia fitter of Pyrrhusy III. 
57. Married to Diemetrius the 
fbn of Jnti^musf 66. Her 
death, 54. 

V^mtubusp the father of Aitofy^ 
W, III. 336, 

he faid to Gr4^«r/ ^Hf, ^438, 
Taken ht» PiSeWt mpi IV. 
2Ko9. Hn^defireofatificfi^iB 
Caio^ V. rt, 52. 'TIm* pre- 
fints b^ ofibreid ^^m^ 54: ;'He 
goes o^cr firom'i/«/«i^to* 'A* 
gujhsi 54^, 347; • •'^^' 
Jklpmphw^y or fapper^^arrieri 10 
the ceretnWMcs of the ft^ajft- of 
boughs, I. 29. ' "•' ' 

Dtllits ienr hf Jhttnf W Ct^fa^ 
tra, Usojslnionof theat prki- 
cefs, V; 309/ His pirfodjrof 
a verfe in Homer, iM; ^its 
AnttMyy and why, 3*43.' ' 
Deluge, ceremonies and esq^i- 
ons, fw tl:^ deluge ofOgy^g^t, 
performed by the Jtbenknu, 
HI. 236. 
D^lpkkk tabfcs, t3je c»qtiifiifehc6 
* of their workmanfhip, V. I85, 
J^enuuks; an Athimtm- oratoie, a' 
faying of his, V; 3-. Hiiwas 
the rock on which his cowtitiy 
fplit, ihii. The propofitioh he 
made to the Athenians, t%: He 
refle&s on Phocion for fending 
his fon to Sparta, iz: What 
he faid on the news of Ahxan-. 
dtr^s denihy 24. FiiMd > for 
having propofed feven decrees 
contr^B-y to other laws in force, 
27. Projpofes to treat with An^ 
tipafer, %fid. Ybt took a pHde 
jh his ill-gotten wedtk, 'j2. 
His ptofiifenefs, ilnd. His iky- 
ing td his fon Demiasy Ibid., 
Hi* tettttr to Antigmd4 the* taufe 
of his and his fon's deaith,^ Uid^ 
&c. He trfed t6 sffiH Ih^j^ 
he^es in his pieadh&gs, V. 38 5* 
His great abilities, j8^. He 
undertakes to go ambailMbf^to 
Akx4nder\ ami the fin?a^ of 
that ^mbafiy, 39^. Ftirtned 
by djvini vengeance 'for- tlkie 
death of PcTUofl^entSy inkt^ put 
to death by Cajandgr; ^of. TV» 
what he Compared the iMdy 


X: l^ Vt B: 3?, 

DimafatMs.oi C^tuby aA^yioaof 
. liisr IV. ^. Uis feaiot^le 
reproach tp^ Philip q£ Ma^eion^ 
IV, ;^35. Sent to M^o^aider 
. to bring' him bai^k tp CQort^/^. 
Why he wept upon feeing 
AUjuaukK feated on* the throne 
c£P$rfiaf AJt^ He;goe$ into 
Jfia^ to feie Alexandtr^ 998. His 
death, and the magnificent fu- 
neral AUxan4$r zxuKie for him, 

DimarutHi the Pheu£i€mp.2L faying 
of his, IV. 8i. 

DemarMtus of Rhodes released at 
the intierceffiofi of PboctQu^ VI. 

DemaretMSt a .Cmntbian captain 
under 7V»0i!r««, IL a 18* 

Dfm^ijiey the mother of TVW^rtfff, 
U. 198. 

Demuis the fpn of Demactes killed 
in his father's preience, V. 32. 

Demetrius the fi)n of Pi^/'/jj^ o^Ma- 
eedoHf fent Jis an hoflage to 
Rmif III. 57. Put to death 
by his father upon the calum- 
joies of his brother Per/em ^ IL 

X^emetriusy the freedman of Pom* 
fey, Pampejfi referved behavi- 
our to his widow, IV. 115, 
116. The great eileem he was 
in, 163, 164. The liberties 
he took with Pompey, 164. His 
honfe. and gardens defcribed, 
Ufid^ The refped paid to him, 

V. ^a, 53- 

JktiKtfim Pbeidoy what he f^d to 

M^cMBderiboxiiCall^hem^lV * 

J^fmftriu4 the peripatetick, a friend 
oiCaio% what Cato faid to him, 
V. .102, 103. 

fhrnnriui PbukniUf deputy-go^ 

. ytmO'toiAfhenh under diffm^ 

f, der^ V^ 239. Th^ generous 

. .treatniLcat. ne met with from 

, DemetfiHS who took Afhensy 

.2s4Q-\, Th/? chara(f^r be g^ve 

, of J^mo^fHneCi orationi, 384, 

Demetrius PeJiorcetesy his charac- 
ter, V, 233, 234. His pa- 
. renege, 234. The defcripti- 
bn of his perfon and manners, 
ihid. The great love he had 
for his father, 235. His pa- 
tural goodnefs, thid. Wh^t he 
did for his friend and compa» 
nion Mithridateiy 236. At a- 
bout twenty two years of age 
fent by his father againfl Ptoie^ 
my, 237. Defeated near Gaza^ 
ibid. Ptokmy^s generofity to 
him, ihid. His prudence and 
courage after that defeat, ibid» 
He defires his fhther to conti- 
nue him in the command of the 
army againft P totems y ibid. He 
defeats and takes Ptotemy^% 
lieutenant-general prifoner, ib* 
|iis generofity, 238. He 
obliges Ptolemy to abandon Sy^ 
riuy ibid. Sent againil the Na^ 
hataan Arabs, :ind the danger 
he was in, ibid. He defeats 
them, ibid. He takes a fort 
at Babylon, and leaves a garri- 
fon in it, ibid* A great l&ult 
that he committed in his return 
home, ibid. He relieves HaJi" 
carnajpis^ which was biefieged 
by Ptolemy^ ibid. Hcf goes 
with a fleet ta befiege Athens^ 
239. The proclamation he 
caufed to be made to the peo- 
ple of Athens, ibid. His ge- 
nerous treatment of ffemetrius 
PbaUreui deputy-governor of 
Athensy 240. He embarks and 
lays clofe iiege to Megara, ibid. 
The accident that befel him in 
purfiiit of an extravagant a- 
mour, ibid^ He efiabhfhes the 
X 2 liberty 

I N D E «; 

Pbcrty o( Migara^y. zjfi. He 
^torns to Athens^ itA reftd^es 
fhe ancient Ibnn of governni^t 

^ the honours 'Ae AtHenians 
paid Hiniy i'<^<V* He takes on 
bim, the title of King, ibi4* 
^he other great titles given to 
""•^^m^d-Ws father fey tSe>/^- 
j/iii/i/, itid. The decrees paf- 
fed, ip his honour, 242, 243. 
The deities difpleafed ^t tHofc 
jBattcjrics, 2^^. The Athenians 
\ de9ree that he (hould be con - 
iulted as an oracle, ^4.4. He 
marries Eurydice of Athens^ the 
ividow of Ofheltas\ iWd. He 
tad feveral wives, but he moft 
rej^pedted P/5//tf the daughter of 
Jlnti^atery 244, 245. Themoft 
^d-ebauched of all the princes of 
iis timp, 245 . . Sent by his fa- 
ther tp conquer Cyprus^ ibid. 
He defeats Msmlaus the bro- 
ther of Ptotem^^ ibid. The 
jneflage fent to him by Ptolemy ^ 
and his anfwer, 245, 246. He 
(defeats Ptolemy in a naval fight, 
246. He takes tamta % cele- 
brated beauty, prifoner, andbe- 
,comes jjnamoured of her, ibid. 
His generous treatment ofMe^ 
nelaus, ibid. The excelTive li- 
jjerties he took in time of 
peace, and his temperance in 
vaTf 249, 2§o. His (kill in 
pv^ery branch of the mlfitary 
. ^i, , 250. He diverted himfelf 
in. "bjiiyiing' ^galto, iriventing 
jvariike ^engines, i6id. The 
ina^ificence of his ;gallies, and 
jnaonjues. ibt'J, ' He befiegcs 
Salitn giliciay ibid^. ^ He makes 
, war on tTie %hedia?iif ttx. The 
. capft oJf fiie quaritr Dctwecn 
him and^ t\iekhoiiinnsV ihid. 
What he faid of the hiftory- 
piece that was painting by Pro- 
tc^jsnes, 2C2. He makes peace 
mtii the RhodianSf ioA goes to 


ikiBft^he yhhtmnns againft tJkfi 
fanier^ 255. Hed^ats-C^ 
fitnier^ ibid. Lodged- by 'thii 
Jtheniam in t!ie Pi&tben$^-^. 
He calls Msner*va his eldcift fif- 
ier, 2;j|..^ Hh tuftonon^ ide* 
bacteheryj Ihid, He eiltert^^- 
hpo^Jkfi and th^ pro^efi^hfi 
makers'' thcfv, 25c.- Ilc<ctie- 
brates the feaft of 5^w ait ' Ar- 
gos, ibid. ^'^ He matries Difkin' 
ma the daughter* of Pyrrktis^^ 
ibid. He'changito the^^'lttiiati- 
on of the city of Sii^h/ib^id. 
He wais prbclftimed genei^ of 
the Greeks, ibid.' - ^s "raAlty, 
ibid. He is initiated into' the 
mylleries of Ortfy 2^6, His 
c;normOtts d^tnds of'^^ey 
from the Atheniafis, i57^^Th« 
infamous Hife fe^ putk'lj&f #/V/. 
Whjr nicknamed ^A»f'/lbid. 
OMtged to abandon hticce^ 
259. -His drekm -fecl^^re- thjc 
battle of If/ksi 260. ^e puts 
AntitSut th© (bn oT^eleikij to 
flight, btot by his t^o'^ger 
purfbft I69ts the ^day, /iJifi/." He 
marches to Efhefus, 261.' The 
Athnians^ rehifc ta^riirithim 
into Athens, ibid. He delires 
the'-^^h»/i^«/ to 'fthd'fHm his 
Miller, 262.' He fells to P«- 
Tofonnefits, ibid. He goes Into 
Cb^foptfih^ and riA^geli Ae ter- 
ritofie^ of '£»wA*ir/, ibid* He 
embarks for ^j^rrVf"^*' his 
daughter ^tYdt^iee, 4blU' He 
fnrpriK^s^^he tfty ttf'' j^W«, 
263:' , His4hter?ie«t/» ^x^^eUun 
iirxWfto'lnarrfes his didghter, 
ibid, ^ M^'^pofielfts hiinftlf of 
Ci/rr/^, ibjd. 'He mait<5liis ^/£>/^- 
^iirj the -dadghter '0F^/%/«wy» 
ibid;- The rcffeWite-aiaWtr he 
kAt io'SeleitettS, l&^t r^ He 
makes ^it-im'l:YieA^)iianf^ 
bqbineffedluafly, Biit. ^ H^1>e- 
fieges M^Jhe, ^id\ 'Ht^%e0;ains 
fevtral cities that Imd ^revolte^ 

V. 264* 

r N D 

^^uit:<oc& bound fox Jtie/ts, 

. jcHiMMii ^^'^ J^. redi^es Jt^^gu 

.to^l$ti:eshities»/^Ai The ^£^^- 

. fi/«9#. Surrender, to Jiim> 2^5; 

. iyi^fjf M^e p«StfJ«»^^^ His 

gentle reproof, ^n^jaip^preCeat 
, ^ ^e 9U^.e tbediy ^^- He de* 
. JFeitts ^rr^4S«Mf^%ittg of Spar- 

$0h ^6S^ Tbi^igj^gueot changes 
; . in, )|i& Ibrtyii^ iMd^ /liexander 
, l^e fon of-CaJkfJerdoGiX^ l^is 

affifbuace agamft his brother ^«- 
. ti^er^ z6j., The hiftory of 

that affair, zSf, f(68. Pro- 
:; daisied l^gptM^^n^ 268. 
, .|i%ii|arcl^a ^oft th? Thebans^ . 

• 0704 He beiieges Tv&^^&r^ which 
.' i$ fDr^Qndorcsd^ >^V«. . He treats 

the inhabitants very favourably, 
: #^/j/. Irfa^^^ into T'^iif^, 271., 

. Beiieges .^^w^^/ji^^^cGoid time, 

>i7i<4 Leaves his fon to ponti- 
: )^uis. theiieget an4 marches a^^ 
i fl^r^Pyrrhufy \yf\iO retreats 
, . tippn. his apfttoachjj ibid:, He ' 

letums to the fiege of ^ fbebu^ 
' .41h4i }^y^ anfwes tohisioA Jn^ 

tigonust . ibid. . ^e is wounded 
'. ilirtih^ n^jbya Javelin^ ib/Ji 
-,Iie »]ocs , Jbebftt ibid. His 
- fcl^ency to the inhabitants^ ib, 
« '^ ij^ar^s againil the jEtoIi- 

• > uMjf, to i^ep his foldi^ra em- 

pi(Oyed). 272. <He leaves Pan^ 

¥a9{hu to pei:^^ tl^econqueft^ 

..4nd iparches after, fy^rbjfj, ib, 

. . Hif^^a«)ific^ce.^ his 4refs, 

< f 4f^.» His haughty behaviour, 

. )K73, He mafes 4he Athnia^ 

.iunb^^ladors wait. two years fbr 
.., ^^audiencc, ibid. . TJia leply 

■piffd^ to Jiam by, a Spartu^ am- 
.. baiOlador, i^/^ His ill treat- 
,,.jQieiit of de people t^iai petiti- 
^ 4)i|edhim» i(idt vdWror^^wj a 
. came he aflUmed, added n6 

4rtte honour to him> 274. He 

i&Us iick at P^ ibM., He 
jnakes ^eace witli P^rrbus^ ib* 

. His great deiigns and hfs war- 

, like greparatiohs, ibid. The 
beauty an4 magnificence of liis 
gallies,J^75. Siteucus^ Ptxtttmy^ 

^ Jjiyfimacbus . anA Pyrrhus enter 

, into a league againfl hixh, iiid. 

, He is attacked on ^^Ifijfrti /?i 
fere n;uu-cne$ to*^^c relief of 
Macedon againfl Lyjimficbiis^ 
276. His reafons fpr niarching 
againil Pyrrbus, ibid. The ge-^ 
neral defection of his aHifiy, ibi 
He fiies in the Habit of a com- 
mon fdldier, 277. TTie changes 
of his fortune defcrib^d by a 
paflage of Sophoclis^ ibid. Hia 
afiairs begin to recover, 278; 
A paflage of Euripides applied 
\.Q him, ibid. He refiores to 
the Tbehans their ancient go- 
vernment, ibid. Thd Atbeni^ 

, tms abandon him, ibidy. He 
beiieged Athens^ and raifed the 
ilege at the renionflr^nces 6f 
Cratus the philofbpher, ibid*, 
]kefolves on an expedition into 
Gzr«v2 and Lydia, ibid. Arrived 
at Miletus, and there marries 
his niece Ptolemais, ibid. He 
takes Sordis, and marches into ' 
j^brygi^y 279. A great fcarci- 
ty or^ovifion in his camp, ib. 
Several of his meii droWn'ed ia 
paffing the river Lycus^ ibid. A ^ 
peftilence breaks out in his ar- 
my, ibid. He retires to ^drfit^f 

. ibid* The letter he wrote to 
SeUticusy 280. And the ^bfTedt 
it . had, ihld. He feth^es < to 
mount ^^r<fii ibid* Heie&ds 
envoys to Seleucus, and the re- 
quefts he niade, ibid. ^ He ra- 

, yzgssSefeucas's territories, ibid, 

. Ke ggiua fevefal^ advantages, ' 
and woul4 have given SiUucus 
Wtle, 286, 28t. He is ieiz- 

. ed with a. violent, diftemper, 
281 . He recovers^ and marches 
X 3 * ' towards 

I N D 

tbvfitit'Cificia^ and then turns 
another way; V. 2S I. He en- 
gages SekucuSfhxxt h abandon- 
eqD;K,Wsjtrodps, 2^1, 282\ He 
cfcapes,' 282. Attempts to kfll 
himfelf, but Is prevented, and 
perTuaded to flirrender to Seku- 
<us^ Ibid . The generous ititcn- 
tiphs o^. Seleucus to liim, \>y 
what means altered, 2^j. Seiz- 
ed »>y Paufamas and carried 
prifoncr X6 Hherfintfus^ 'ibid. 
The good treatment he receired 
froveiiSekucus, ibid. The prti- 
dent precaution he took, 2^4. 
In what manner he cfiterted 
hUnfelf in his captivity, tbid. 
tie. takes to drinking and gam- 
ing, ibid. After mrce years 
confinement, in the fifty-fbmth 
year of his age, he falls fick and 
dies, 2S5. His magnificent 
funeral, ibid. His alhes carri- 
ed to -a city he had named Z><p- 
metri as yihid.: ' His ddcendants 
Continued Kings ni Macedon to 
per/etis, v/hov/^$ vanquifhed and 
ted in triumph by the Romans^ 
2*86. His advantages above 
/^ipnyy 370, 371, 372, 373. 
Demstrius the fon of Arttigonus Go- 
natus requires Jratus to be font 
^bound to him, VJ. 177, His 
death, ibid* 
Dfmetriuiy a fervant of Caffiu^t^ 
after ,hJ^ mafter was dead, car- 
ries jiis garment and Jwbrd to 
Antonjy vl. gS. 
Demtrius of rharittf his advice 

Depufi pnsT of Demefrius*3 m^reC- 
fes, ^ V. 2^4. Smitamed JMh- 
mafitfUmhd,2^, Herjefts 
xmqix,' Lamia fikil&i 

Dtmoi^'ares^ thef ItifcarS^Uffy his ne- 
fleftion Vpon a fy^t^t^ttfaH- ^ 
cles; VI' 255. For ^ieh he 
is batiiflied, M/i^. ^ • 

Vmolharei of 5^4', the ixlxnebe 
gave Jipufbriuj, V. 25:^4 = 

E X. 

Demochnretf i fMfedled firi^dto 

4gi*y befrayi Win, Vi- 140. 
Democharis, the ^codoUt^ti^ g^s 

of the At9S^(sS JMnfthhrni:'^ . 

Z>^9f/f/v^rnii'mtfd 4Stieimful^ 
*blklt*d 4>y Bm^mk^y > Vi 4*^4. 
His v{n«ie aand il^fortimate 
death, ^y^ V : 

Democracy, aMiiMdf at Jlfr^/, 

The' hiin ^f the jf/A^f«jr detno- 
€rtK:y transftttcd' tiie 4diiiiiii&n 
of Qmt€ T9 the Ludsd^mmsinfUf 

40. .>.,'. 

Dffnocnttf^i 4fn& of i)ie IcMiiiibf 

Aidbiadkiy H* ^4* "- '^'>-'' 
Dm^cratei & Sfdrtun ei;Skf4/kat 

V. 147. • •• ^ 2. V. r 

Demerlius, a"prin«i{nd tff 1^|^- 

loibpiy, H» 241^,' ; i' ^ 
DtmtemtM)fi one wlKr iM^eitid 

and idccofed TimohtiK, il. 

255, '•"' r. .. . 

2)nni^»«;v I^H by iMMat/ftb the 
pet»^le of Cykii^y to bifatm 
chem^P tive an#al ^LttcuHus, 
m. 315. 

Dtmoitidiei of iir, tiieMidivkle he 
gt^Pifickfj II; 14. 

Dimvphauesy one of tM tnObrtof 
Fhikpameny Hi. 4* ife frees 
hin coirirtry H^m lh!veiy» hj 
eaiffing Ariftedmnns lo tbe pot to 
•death/ ihid. He ifiai jMmtm/ 
in depctiog Nicocks,ihSA, 

repdied ia jEteHm^lth. to. 
He fertUSes hioifclf in P^s^ 
^%o. Seat by the AtJ^m^itn 
'With « ftrang aavai fareriato 
^flsri^ tO'MlNicias^ ^Zi 403. 
TlieibaenifioeQceMttf Mb iarnval 
^elbfbied^ 403. Bent^opcmit- 
taddng tihe enemy wltfaaizt de- 
lay, 404:1 }A&a^t^'Ef^fii»^ ib. 
The cond^iioa' &^t.aifiui)tf^ 
'itid*M^ Hrif taksn |Hifi>- 
fiff.r,4aab HekiBt&ifliftifi4ls« 

t N D fi X. 

hewef^ th<e oi^tx>r> -oailed /^« 

eloquent of men, XL .100. 
vWli«dje.^W PM^f V. 8- 

vedives s^tnft J^e^^^Jfft i^. 
A l^oiig; iteibttbkiic^ between 
iMm aftd Grc^, V^ 377. Who 
bis'HK^her^aSy 37^* He loft 
hte Atdier at feven yearsr of i^ge, 
Hii^, l^efmuded by 4us gttar« 
dians, /i^/V/. Of a weak ceiifli- 
tatbQtti 379. Nkknamed Ba-^ 
• /«/«j and ^ir^tfrf, Jibud. What 
iHikNM hiai to 'a{>p]y himfelf 
: mf»9l^ffihid» Hi^tiifft maf- 

ler was Ifaus^ 380. TJie cha- 
jrft^r ^ ^«^,-iMw He was 
a <ikcipleof PAr/^T^, ibid. In- 
' 'Sitv&fi^\iY ifHraHs txA Aldda- 
^f^SySI&^* He j©*^ -to- tew with 
■his guardians, ihld. And tho' 
-•Ke &1 not neeorer jnmch yet he 
- -t*ifirtiPvedittfheartofrpeak<Dg, 
3^8^!. 'At firft^derkfed for his 
uncouth way of fpeaking, ihi^, 
^oW how to amend 4>m bad dc- 
Kvery by ^a/j^jtheaftOrjjSz. 
Hc'buflt aifSfldy onder ground, 
which ren^ained 'tiil/V«^rtrfi&'s 
time* ibM. His application to 
'his ftttdics, j8j. Pytheash re- 
flection on him, altd hrs ~a«i- 
fwcr, Hid, Why a man *ught 
to prepare his onttioos, i%U, 
'The character given him by 
j£/chines, 384. ffe- Oppofes 
lyie Ae i^«iMr/>f, ibid. His 
4iiooe& ^Mnft ImMadms the 
-fepbift, /&/. ^ iWheieiit ^e imi- 
tated PMchsy ibid. He calls 
'Hutian the poning^ hook of 
liis' periods, 585. Hoyr he re- 
meojod his fhun/tiering, 386. 
He' repeated his ' loraiions at 
borne before a looking-gtafs, /^. 
'What \» faid to a man that 

complained be had been alaplfi* 
ed> ihid. {Its aAion and «voict 
in pleadings iifd* Plc^fiml in 
bis r^parte^s, ihid* Good (ay- 
ings of his, /^;V. At what time 
he entered on public bu^nefs, 
387. His age whc^ be accuf> 
ed Midias.^ ibid. Of a reVeogo* 
^1 nature^ ii?W. He defeid$ 
%\itCdxxitoi Greece ^ff^sjt'Phi* 
irp^i^M. 'The reputation he 
gained in thataffair^ ihid. . Ac- 
cufed of inconftancy by 7beih- 
fompusr but joftified by Plu- 
tar<ht 388. His perfeverahcc 
in the fame princip]f|s> iiid. 
The irift of all his arationsj /^ 
He had not peribnd courage, 
nor was be emireiy free ftom 
bribery, 38.9- Agoodiaying 
of his to the Jtbeman^. ibid. 
His behaviour agdinft Antifhon^ 
ibid. He accufes a priefteisy ib. 
He made orations for the ufb 
of others, and was blamed for it, 
ib'td^ He courted Chc^rias*s 
wid jw, but married ja woman 
ofSamoiy 390. On ajl occafi^ 
ons itirs up the people againil 
Philipy ihid. Is One of the ten 
ambafladors to i')^^* ibid. He 
turns the commendations given 
to Philip by JB/cbims and Phi^ 
&rr«/^/ into ridicnle» 391. He 
prevails with the Jtbemant to 
affift the Euhctans^ ibid. And 
the Bjfxantines and Perinfifians, 
ibid. His courage^ sid the ad« 
vice he gave the Athtniam^ 
392. Sent ambafi^or to the 
Tbebafts to engage .them in the 
alHaAce, ibid. The great ef- 
fe^ of his eloquence^ ibid. 
Fortune feenu to oppofe his 
great defigns, 393. > He flights 
the orapks and propbefies*. ii. 
He fuipe^s the propbetcfs to 
be in the intereft of Pbi^, 394. 
He deierts his poft, tbrowt 
down bis armsji^ and. fiies igno« 
X 4 minioiipyr' 

N D E X 

sJiucmfly, n. 394»cTlie dftviee 
mn his (hield, i^if/. The ho- 
Hoon he receitred from the 
KingdfP^,:i|>rd: ^x^rt- 
^ finds fonie of hiT-Mtdrs at 
Saniisy 39J. Accttfed and at- 
quitted, ihid. Appointed to 
in&iBe die beaded tor thoieflaiii 
at CJbirf'dfUa.'^M^ 'He pro- 
pofes decrees in odier peqples 
names jV&V. HJs^flS-itagcm to 
revsvd the donragcofthe-^f/A^- 
jtiiMrj, aU. His behaviour 
juftificd by Pluinrch, 396. He 
endeavours to filr up another 
infurt^^on amongft die Gneks. 
397. He by letter exhorts the 
Xing of Perfi^s lieutenants to 
make war upon Akxander^ ib. 
The names he gave Ahxartder^ 
ibid. He is fent ambailador to 
him, but his heart failing him 
he leaves the ambafTy^ ibid. 
The &ble he related to the 
people, 398. His intereft funk, 
ibid. He gsdns die caufe con- 
cerning the crown againft ^f- 
chiueiy 399. Hc advifes .the 
Athenians not to harbour Har^ 
faluu" ibid. Hcis gained over 
by a bribe>.' 400. His behavi- 
our on that occafion, 400, 
401 . He is tried by the Areo-- 
pa&iSf condemned, fined fifty 
tateots, and committed to pri- 
fon, 40 1. He makes his e- 
fcape, ibid. The, generofity 
of his enemies, itid^ Fine re- 
fle^on of his on that occafion, 
401, 402. tlnaUetobear Qp 
under his mif fortunes, 402. 
What he laid when he . left A" 
thens, ibid. The advice he 
gave to the Atbeffians^ ibid. 
His Iharp reply to Pyfbeas^ 
403. For which he is recalled, 
and the Angular hpncmrs paid 
to him at his return^ ibid. On 
the approach of Antifatsr and 
Craterus he with his party e- 

fcape out ef the'«it$i9 ihkt, 
C<mdemiied' kn ^ b^ idiri^^nb- 
pie, ibid^ He takes fanduaJy 
in the tettpfe «ef *A^/«;ilf, 4041 
The dream he'hkd,<^^an#J^intet 
he faid m Atrl^ lbid>»^^e 
poifonfttfaim(el^,ri^«Vi 01^. 

eivt ftbrtes bn^aii4lkbje^^4j05« 
466. Tb^ <% -eM'^^^^ihieh* l(e 
di6d, 466/ Tb^hcpiiti^ }>afd 
to his' aieidory by> ihe^^jiMnM'* 
itns, and - ^ke , ii^ckipdoiii diey 
putbnd^-O' fiatue die;^ ered* 
tA§iit%AbXiiM. .^ ia^kt 
aoeid^ diat bappeiti(d im^-Mv- 
tatcl^t titoi3> ibid^' Ptvine ven- 
geance pttrfttdd 'l)Msfi^sy^^ 
was the oanfe of iW^iMM's 
deadi, 407. Thb^ot^^ his 
ekx^ttnoBy 463^* ^iu^^'fet- 
ded coiintenance bd-^rat^-ac- 
coutited morofet i^^^ ftismo- 
de&f, ibid. The jkiwerorhis 
eloquence^ 46;^ Misibaaifii- 
' raent ignominioas^ 4^. ' Slie 
good he did his <:0ttninfi hk his 
extle> 467. His deam nore 
glorieiis dtem Cker6% ibid. 

TkmofirAtus an Athifdun -wiXxx 
propofes that the Atheman Ge- 
neral (hould have -abfolute 
power in the CidHan^ expedtd- 
on, IL t»2. 

Derc£taius one of ^n/aiif's guards, 
carries th^ firft news ^'of his 
Death to Qr/at^ V. 3&>. 

Dertyilidast what was liud to^him 
by a young Bpartanyh l%\. 

DereylUdai a Gr^ek ct^i^fhaxMler a- 
gaiaft the Terfiamy VL i^2« 

Denyliuf undertaiQCs-to teizeMca-- 
»0rin the Pinesu, V^ -34.^ • 

Deferter?, howpuniihed by JMir- 
cellmt IL. 547. -'- ■- •' - .« 

DeucaUen the fon, of Maa^ .J. 

DeuckiioH and Pjftha b)iitt>a4]bin- 
ple at Dethnm^ :and fetfiied a- 
mofigft die Misdoff^ms,^ IIL _t6».« 

Dixit butt the daughter <3if MJ^- 



N D E X. 

Us, hjr, tpm^ rtpnted to. b^ijctie .i?«>*m JpDfc oC- *|ie Q^U^^fi 

DiademMi^ fi» %na«e ,j(rf ^e tortured. ,gnd ,flam,, /25?,^^4?- 

tocher i^ifijflfwe^igfel/i^ifiiff- ^^l^^hsjP9gf% ^"SfeAitva'- 

no, Smki^ Ykfitt^vf^ HnisI S- To .rf§^?ltW9ig«aiWq .hfir^ 

S»crJlto*<K)lhtr,8lt€Jir^lH6«fcfl^ . Jum^^^4;ij, j , » .^,.,-'' lima MPmf^^ Oincm^fi^aff 4*aK^#t^ 

caUed, -A/V//. by, the., ^^r^;^/, CW^rai^^J^^fijp :iWi ,o^^/^^t,§is 
. VI. 140. TheiUliucqf;Z>£^a . exploit^^jAt. ,y. , ^ 
. at iV/&fir, .ftrattge, #fefts,vi«>-. -O^'^wf/ »ofi%5ftfe4iaylpg Qf 
duoed .by. it .whe^t parried, in ■ . 11- 6.7. Hij^tiPWvemtiQ^jjg^h 

a«d moth^if ol^^^fnft^^f t jq3- ^'iFW-fr^.tY \5^io', ^^ ^1'*' 

, and for. what, ert^ftMb :IJt#i9* ^9f ^O.^^Wijte "^« '^^^'f(fif'» 

ThpabfofaUfpaw^.pftb^JWG-, IJ. 44$flfij. :>> Z^" * ^ry 

. tatQr^.66v ^ Taj'P * ftii^UMW?. at Diogtn^ wJ?^^'^'^.^^^ 

the £i]iic tirofti,/ii///t Bjiyv^vw ^. /«^^. Ip. jMO. Hc:.die4^^^o- 

named) and the pfigfi^qf, the nourahly in t|e (ff£^<^ 

name»4I. 367^., j ,,,,,. ,,, . «K^iDi4. ,mj. Qt.;Mj \|^-jf 

:Dy^/»i a Roman General^ lYj :,6. Diqppes xl^ ^^^^Pl^PXn ^^4 

He bcu)^ ta C^M,ik^ h«y. of .. r^«jf,. whatj h^ ijjrote ^o ,t% ^ ^- 
Pice jD^dtaiQQogil tlM iPfff/kPh Di^itQn a^^dili^/Vi^^j^t By J^e 

I: Ni m B X. 

tOCOmem Bwftfuje, 11.- His 

. 13. Mii^h jinposwi- .by 
him, /^/^. Hit aeceitb) be- 

pretencp -pf . bJodaeis he te- 
. moves P/a/0iiUo the caftle* 15 i 

J^,«nri«3 J?/4«» .aad feiaes hia 

, f0vexw»es,,..^il5t^>.e Hill joy pn 

. FlataH rctufnito «rf^, i8. He 

: foUs iX{>V« eft^^r aiid converts 

the money to his own ufie> 19. 
. WhathQ&id.:«> P/9/4, on Us. 
. departttjv^ 20. He arrives. at 

SyracM/e^ mid..endeavoiu» to 
, treat with Dien privately* 294 
. 0e protemk «t04reftt with dit 

people, btttattockfi them» 30. 
. He .Biea. from Syn^uufe, 36. 
r.Dil^aising tojnQgain luscoun- 

• ..try, hexwAvcs to deftroy ^-^ 

Drojtjffini tne. lawyer^ fent to «9v- 
. xiK-^ to reform the civil go- 
. vermneti^.jL^az*. 
DiifK^fiys ChaUm t\xBi father of 
metiih, l\h 3^8». He built the 

• city * of Tlmm^ ihid* . 
tHownfisuitii M^itm^ put on Say 

anderh robe t and dia<lem'# and 
< why, .lVj;.>$,2o. Pat to death, 

BiQ^jfiusai iM»^9^a^.1sbs: rhcto-* 
, ridaa* V!. 41.34.,. -» , ..•• . 1 
Dimjjfi^s . the. brother (^ Diodes^ 
. aiSid £r^mfH wjm> a^ed Jrtitus 
^ in taking the .caflle of CmMtJb, 
i VI. 163. 
J^i^phanet Gener<J^tof the^^i0««i> 

joins with flaminius againft 
' Sparta^ III* 19. A greater 

genend than , politician, 46. 
Diopbanes the Orator, V, 191. 
^ SyUm for being a iiiend to Tikf-^ 
- rius Gracchus, 205.'. 
JHephanits ^ufX^fcSi^ifiideiolkA' 

bery» XL 422«( 
SHophita a great dealer in pro« 

phedesf Sir >floi|.i>nCite» . -ad 
ohtSit'«ffdn^<^j^Jilaa!^A ad- 
vancement to the. crown i-\>f 

roS^tefttcv ibid*4mt^{\^ 67. 

JOkfitJb^t, . diiiTiOidiforee^^ tigaisiil 

< jHaxagoras and Peri^UfjSX 43, 
Qipi^ndmi eatn'oK cfa6 di^er of the 

- £/i&0W td Agifikui^ Vii 83. 
Bivinatiaii^* ilie vfidbcythmof^ 

HI, L^.$. The 'iQietiiod of 
divination aniongft the GetmuMs^ 

.*tiV. 347*' . ' ! " 

Divorce, i^muc^n's Ia«?citnaemtng 
i^ I. 834 The fiift^ttiiiJiace^ of 
divorce among* the JSamajR/i L 

r^^« 198* 

Ihdmm difpoteft; tW ' toaimand 


- >1II« ?^« . . . • \\ <..' , 

Ehig i&crificod ifti tht Lapmnttlia^ 

Dog^^ tikat bitfes a n^iriaie ^i^ 

• vered to the perfon-^btt^ 1^232; 
Do^ of Xantbippui^ hk love lor 
t\ ra. mailer* I*'29^v -lib tomb, 

Dog o£d^i&'«^j|.iIrf9« 
Dog kept by jHexaKdaK-^t tyrant 
. Ql i'i'M^jtQ goini 'his cham- 
^vber^ioori IL 329/ ■ 
Dog^ why notfu^iMKt enter thtf 
.r.'icitadel of JtUenij V^^373. 
Dc^ ;.. au. city hoilt 'by Al^oimder 
in honour of his dog Pmtas^ 

* calkfdFmtas^ aftsa* the dog's 
' name^ IV. 305, 306* ^ 
Dqg6, fi%, with u$ ttum^ keepers^ 

< put as a guard in tike citadel of 

DolaMIa, accufed by Cajar^ but 
acquitted, IV., 3^. His ex- 
travagance, IV. 3Sa. , Said, to 

' . be in the cop/^pic^ agamA 

^Agf&r, 394. Being tribune he 

. piopofes the cancplliag^tf debts^. 

. Vw I2)9Ca -^ntoug^ '^9iQ^% of 
, > hixa* lUd*. .Ctfijf^^ opinion o^ 
, him, 2^. In lofe iwidi C/ef9^ 


*> « 

i: n: dt e: x. 

'-rfi<f«yhri(^jW yi?'«» IV* i?7' He was 4b- 

Dola^eli^ ) ^v patrickfi^ ; ^ifpei(ked Doors ^ 4icmlbs in^ G^^c# opeiled 

.t>|f X)/^t}ittid)fentrto J^aiimaf - ouiw^ri, 1. 17'<^, ^ 

P^^iriananeAratockern^Mr feffed die •'Cotntrf of L^i^v^'ir, 
V*i94'J .v^-.- - . --^^ * IV. lOO/'-' ' ' 

P0Jkf$49s,^{iahA>i^d thr^ iibs dF B^ant Goneiftl to M^thH^esp 

Scpmi^^pofeSSA pyj^ates, . ML ,^ fufptAed ArMmu\ of ti^« 

»^4i«t>'34'M -V. t.. ■/ I.. ' . .' ch^, Sf* ^24}'/ 'Slun for 

Domitianh pdlace, the ^ipagtlafi- 1^ tak€ of Ims ptti^le ^ rObe, 

C6»cer^itifJ.?'^64k'; "■•-•■': ■■•536. 

barkm^Ji^ti^* andN* ••' ^i the elder, VI. 5. ^ , 

P^mtius puts up for thp coofiil- i)^/«^ a' tiiniaxiie' of Anii^nus^ 

» ftif^m o^^tpfijckm to Cr^2^^aiid ,U54, 248* ^ ** 

P0«r/^lIL 435. Theoikgehe Dowtks o^ tot>e given In mar^ 

, iii<l^t^atbxon}th8tofoulbit«49>6* . jnn^hf Sohff^^m^, h ztji 

Vanquiihed by Sertorii^'%\\i\x- Dracoes laws> mctft • of . them re- 
' tsaoAt^l^Ps v6u Jbkadiaw^ pealed by ^%' being foo fe- 
in jifrUat IV. 123. DiEKfealed Vere> h 221. - A (aytng c/i^De^ 

Iby d'flti^i: <! 26; • .Slain,' 'ill . «»Wif^ on Draco*^Awnf ihid. 

Jbnttlew^Mii/ci . . . : 1 . What Drsc^-fM M jiiMeacic^ 

IheMiu ^lujMfiiuf^ ^caUa fM»^ - of his^lam, i{^i^< '^>> 

)^^ 4iamfpt^n^ 9adtJ[g»g^ of Dracontidts^ his deeree againft 

, Kingsy in ridicnie, IV. 199. . /Vr^/w, 11,43* . ^ <^' 

£mp|cQ«Bdby^)r/oayt6liiirai^ue Dragon of MW^a igaardian of 

, th^ mmyy Y. ■3a6, AdySfes , the citadel of Va^j, I. 293VN. 

Jiha tafcDd C^00pau^> back to Dragon that ky»'^ Ofympias a^ 
JBgypt^ 340, He goes either ihe llept, IV.'ia^, '<'* 

to Uagttfitus .$46- ' Attfuuf^ Dr^micifteUt the.&ractJmii^kikes 

. . generoasT .behavibar tiW9rd$ ' Lyjimac^us priCotKr^ V. |^. . 

Stm^andeheeficdk ithad'Opon J)r0mcikiis^'*'^J^S^Uiakl pro^ 

him, iiid. . cr((/i\ .a . pofes the confulting D^mnrjus 

Domitim^ befleged by dfijkfi in » as an oracie, V. 244. He pi^ 
. Corjmumy, hiS^ deceived, by^his poies to put the fort «nd tittdel 

pfa^Bficiaii^ iV« 364, 365. Quilis : into the poMret of DmiMust 
F^mfty\iiat"C^/ari and f0on 265. .; i ,. . 

after, dedaits Ibr Vvrnpey^ Durkt ^f itm9K ' theiiiilorian, 

365. ' IL 37. ffb <feafttfter, ^^iW* 

fiioiild'iaGfsed mt^t in thie . 

pontific:tte, .befom ti^e baule of T7 Agte,'^^4l^* fe ca^ed^ by 

Ma^aiiaiiy^ i99> 200^^372. H/ the j?/i>«f/. III. 66. '^ 

Dondtimy , oommaad^ . . the ^'' left Eagles- nevc^r- have bot two^ yOai^. 

wiRgof PM^'saimyaci^iir. ones at a time^tlll^ 14S.' A 

, .JkiUh^M^ 3^4. *c , : 'la»c eagto k*^ >y Pyti^ag^f^^ 
DoMkiuf Calvhm coinmands the I. 165. . . .. 
' ' ^ Eagles, 


ta^itiif tyrants food ofbeSag-fo 
called^ II. 39cr.' ' 

Earthqoake in LactmOf I. f4;« 
HI. 295« IV. 6^. Doting €kKi 
battle of ^rafimena not per- 
' teiycdbfthe combatants, II. 5:S. 
At Jtheusy III. 387. M Pi^ 
faurumy V. 344, • - 

Bedelmftkfntt/SLC^ArauUfWU 14S. 

Ecdemus aiKi Demo^ktansf the 

' tutors of Pbilofirmen, III. 4. 
The brave exploits of tbofe 
two philofophersy ibiJ, M^ 
Aratuiy ill depofing a tyrant, 

f,chtcraUty high-f>rieft ufAfoih TV 
gyraus^ II. 305. ; 4 

Echecratida the (ophite releafed 
by Alexander at Phoeiot^^ re- 
qaeft, V. 21. 

Echedutttts of Arcadia J I. 44. 

Edipfe of the fun, the day i^at 
Romulus was conceived, I. 63. 
Another whilil Pericles was im- 
barking, II. 47. The Thekins 
difheartened by an edipfe of 
the fun, 324. In the days of 
Niciasj the people conld a^ 
count for the ecliple of the fun, 
but were ignorant of the caofe 
of the eclipfe of the moon, 
III. 406, 407, 

Sdipfe of the ntoon, how it af- 
feded the army of Paulus Emi^ 
Hus, and Per/eus, II. 259. 
Eclipfe of the moon accounted 
the forerunner of calamities, 
III. 407* Why a fortunate 
omen to thofe who are flying, 
III. 408. What was done after 
. an edipfe in times'' of the 
greaceft ignorance, i6/d, 

Scprepesy one of the Ephoriy cut 
off two firings from the inftru- 
ment of Phrynis the muiidan, 
V. 130. 

f^dS^mVtff women, the ceremonies 
they performed, IV. 126. 

Education, the importance of it, 
L 199, z^o. II. 244. 

. mme^ L 196^; AtAlMir, t^^. 
Egeria fid tff bein km wi^ 

Nmma^ L 157. 
Bigkt the ^rfUi^«ui3d«^ eighth 

day of every fflonfth^' fered to 

Eirefionej what it was, I. 2S. The 
■ fovndatidn xs^ carrying it in a 

. ,lefU«aprQC6fion«>J»^ 

Elatus, the firft EfhormiX ^pmHa^ 
L 199. 

Elements, the oppofiCHDo) between 
ihem, whensiar' v&eSA^ V, 

Elephant^ a remarksdlile ftoty of 
one. III. 102:. Blefimie of 
King Poruss hismideiftanding, 
and the care he took of Jrim, 
IV. 305, - 

Elephants, the diibaikr they caufed 
in Han,nib^\ ^myp JL1370. 

EUphefMT^ the- fon of Chaleoddu, 
took care of Tbejmi% diildnen, 
r. 46. Pie carried themi with 
him to die fiege of Trt^y 47. 

EUus one of the ions of Cimon^ 
11. 39. 

EUus, one of tJert^t nintfters, 
pot to death by Gdi&a,VL %\ 5, 

Eloquence, its power, II. 5^. 
464* V. 422. 

E^tmee, die fifier of G'jmff^ II. 
16. m. 278. Her refen^nent 
againfl Pericki and what he faid 
to her, 38. Where i'fhe was 
boned, JiL 278. ^SufpcAed 
of a crimtna) convedatiQiiw^ 
her lm>ther, and wick Pdyg- 
. notus the painteTy ibid*' Ikfar- 
ried to CmUos,. 2791.' 

Eljfium Mds,' where placed, IV. 

Embarkadon<of ^^Ath^emm for 
Salamittf 1. 294. 

Emfed$cUst what he bSdi ^^ 
elements, V. 236. >. . 

Empire of the nniyerle divided 
by lot amosgft three gods, IV. 


I N - I> E- X. 

Esmg^lAQ^us^^ti^ Am of Mifpmfii 
I- 42, 

TeLomny lkii%9 
E^dymtoni belovis4 by Djumo^ h- 

. 157.. ■ , - ■ . 

Envy, thrill eSs6b of it» UL 204. 

Bfamnondai JbDok aao^ care jn 
uDfiroviiig 'ki9 sund than in 
exejTcifing his body^ II* 291. 
. A igaUaffiC ^an of Ju3» 29^4 
In ^at jnanaer he iiritaited (he 
J'biban youth againft the Sp/tr^ 
tanSy 29^* Smit into Tbe^fy 
to semif^ P^fidas^ ^20, , Hi? 
prad^ntcofido^ in diatferylce, 
Wd^ AjkdtSacotfsy yi \ . What he 
efteemed his greateft happiaefs 
If 7if Stotj^bafiador to ^atia^ 
where he^one had theeoorage 
to oppoleckj^g^/a«j» IV«.9$» 9& 
His debaic^witb Jgefilaus in ihll 
council^ 96.: He makes an in- 
road into Ltf^M^ff, I oa. Hewafteft- 
t&ecoHntr3x«:/^ii.&c. Hecaufix 
h^Jent to be rebuilt, 104. 
He marches to Spartay ibid. 
Shioin tibe battle ntstAhurtiMea, 

, by Jniicrm»9 1059 Io6. 

Epaphroditusy or the beloTed of 
/^iw», a naineaifiiAied hySfl^kk 
III. 263. 

EpapbrodiuSf Jkgvfiui CaftrH 
freedtaiany 6nt by him to be 4 
{^ vpon Qupatka^ V. 563. 

f/^oirj .dtofen General of the 
Acham»i VI. 19a. His inca- 

. picity^ ^/^ 

Epbefus called the arfenal c^ war, 
II. 561 « /Tiie-ierWceZx^iMi^' 
did to that city. III 1 8 1 » 

Ephfut^: the temple of Efhtfus 
burnt the d^ny th^t jikiauder 
the gniAtr W4s bom, IV. -287. 

EphiUf jvtd:gei in criminal cauies 

Epifiaites broke the poiver of the 
^nit of the Arfinpagkiu U 

, IV H> ^f* Affitffinatedt Iqr 
whom, and &f what, .16. He 
was a great fiatefinan, 35. 

EiJfujMs a^d C^ui 
Alexander^ fV^ 280. , 

Epbori eftabliihed toiteilrain the 
power of the iSsnate of ^/a^/^,, 
and whea, I.. 1 1 3 • The faults 
: found by Jrifi^tk, in that ij^b. 
tution^ Aidi. As t^on as they 
entered on dieir office they de« 
. dared war againft the Helots^ 
1 44 . They proved an enforce- 
ment to the di^lAie of the 
city 147. They make a law 
to prohibit <die importation 
of gold and filver into Sparta, 
HI. 196. Why eftablilhed, IV. 
68. They £ne Agc/tlaus, 69. 
They recall him from the wars 
abn^, 8o. A very remarkable 
aflion of . the Ephari^ 105. 
Depofed by the joint tconfent of 
both the kings of Sparta^ V. 
S35. They had all the power 
ziSpartay and the kings only 
the name, 146. 

EfbffTus the hiiiorian coijdemned 
by Phtarcb^ VI. 36. 

E^desy a noted player on the 
harp, I. 287. 

Epicratis of Jrcartuutia^ conveyed 
Tbemifi9cles\ wife and children 
out oiAtbensy for which he was 
afterwards put to death hy 
Cimon^ I. 311. 

Epicrates, the merry advice he 
gave the Atbensans, II. 323. 

Epicurean Philofophy deicribed, 
III. 81, 82. , 

Epicurusy with whgthe fed his dif- 
ciples during a famine, V. 265. 

Epicurus an Atbeniati^ punifhed by 
Pbocus for the death of his fa- 
ther PbocioHy V. 39. 

Efycides the orator the fbn of Eu- 

^ fhemdes^ fb^miftptUs prevails 

on him by a iiim of money to 

defift'from his preteniious to 

the geueraUhip, I. 288. 


I N D E Jt: 

tfigttbes of feaewe; i'^Wjr re- the Pirfut 9t Attest,' itfe: 

feiTjcd hf ifUeuUur,' ML jo6' ' to m&S^ the city df Mens; Ift, 

Eftmniiks tftc"?»^/«r, fUllc4 I94: ' " 

in the myffcries 9F thcgikls, I. Srtfs a ferrtnt t^^^^KT^irf; ^Mng 

* ^15. Styfed m fin tf the ordered by his inafter to'kiU 

* ^njmfh BaltaeV Aifif'r/^ nt^ cu- hhir,- kills hil^ftlf, Vr^eo. ^ 
^i?/^ or ^/^ fl/*Cybc!e, /^i/. Ejtt^cles the LaettdemomaHf a (ay- 

** A feying of his on Mumcbia, »ingt>f his concel^l^ Lj^der^ 

pL ]port zi Meffs^ 216. Here- III top, 

' fufcdthe prefents an4 Jionpari Etijfan winds, Vf. 22.- • 

ofFered hini by the city of Etymoehi^ nfktttAiX Agt/f^uYV. 

uf/^^»/, contcntingf himfelf with '5^4.' * ' 

a branch Xsf the facred o|iye| P^agorar kbig of Qj^i, III, 



Mfipo/dty the cftadel of Syraeufi^ jFt^/i/rv/ a £<rr<r^r^f)d^^ 'oScer, 
taken hyDiopf VI. 20. «-mi^j i^ 1 — 1_ »._. .♦». a t 

EpiruSf die origin of tnat king- 
dom, ni. 56. 

Epluieus one of the Efhori alters 

the Agrarian law from' a fpirit 

of revenge, V. 129. 
epitaphs to whohi allowed at 
"■'• Sparta^ I. T42. 
Bfitragia^ a name'|iven to Fenus^ 
'. the original of it, 1^21. 
Epixyes, Governor Of upper Phry- 

Igia, his deiign upon Themifio^ 
" cles, f, 317; 
Epopticks, a part of learning not 

killed 19 battle hf ^I^busylJ^. 

• 98, 99. • • • ••• ' 

E*vany a Grak word* Ibr that 

triuiiiph which the R^Md^i call 

* OkMition^ 11. 56*. 
E'Vpider the Cr^/0)y ft^ltflied 9, 

friend to P/r/^ aftet hia defeat, 
H. 266. 
Evangelus a fervant of Parickst 
and mailer of htsr hOutfiold, II* 

• ?'s- ••• • 

E'bangeiusf his ta^cs or com-t 
mentaries for marikstlHng of 
anities, in. &. 

to be communibated to the Euchrdas^ a PZ(7/ie(axr, '#ith what 

' vulgar,' IV, 232; • 

Efylieuh the father of yander^ II. 

l^rafifiratuSf phyficTah td Sefeucus^ 
his addten m ' di^overii^g the 
malady of J>rihcfc Antiochus^ kc. 

' V. 269. 

Eratdjtheiies'y the ^hihlfter he gave 

oxfj^editbn be fetched %tt fiom 
' Defpki, II. 4 1 if. ift dtoppcA 
- down dead as foon asiib had 

delivered it, and was" buried 
' ih the iemple of Dikna^ ibid. ~ 
tue'leia, who Ihcwas; Itl^Hj. 
EncHdas, the brodteroP^^vii^f/, 

II J. 8. Made partfeef With 

of Dmo/ihenes*5 orations, V. ^'*him in the throne,' V,* I54. 

He commandflr on^ Wli)|^ 6f the 

^^ Spttrtttnztmy ^gTin^'jinHgdnw^^ 

* 170. Defeated W' AnHgknus^ 

' iW. ' Rifled in bttde, ^. 

EkcHliast the LOcedi^mtnkfn*^ his 

• . ' iniblenct 

"ireaheusy Ifhtfiui deJI^ncfed^ftom 
' him by the fathei^ fide, I.' 3. 
Ergatay the anificto' at JW^^w 

ft> called, I. 23 1> 

1 N D EX 

^^/^ Qf ^^#«/, -Wjpoies ^ffsu, 

by T^/s/^on to take poi&fiion 
.. '. afdie agje p£ Syr^ct^e^ H, zoS. 
^u£ius 00^ o^ Per/eu/s trcafuf crs, 

ftabbed by A/yi«/, II. z^6. 

^JH^ itaJM^d bv Pirfiusp 11.266. 
Eu4^my^h ^l«? wtcr.of-4fi<t V. 

£jidam»^9 /]M&^r of Eumiffei*8 ele- 

' phants, advifes Suff^»gj of a 

coafpiracy, IV. 5.6. Pu| to 

. d€«^fe by kntfgfinus^, 60. 

. f.u4amus the Pergam^nian brings 

*. ^Jtu^mh will to^wie, yi. 198* 

Eudoxust one who £ril applied 

'.«PWWy*,<» qv?cti^nJ4:al purpo- 

^,lc^^^ 11,348. ' — t r 

. E'vius, a i|iame given to fiac^has, 

. ^'Z/w j^ mutyiaJtt,. IY-i36. 

. MuMffteSf king QfPergaj^us^ Ctito^s 
opinion of him, II. 435, 436. 

. Mmnewjf his birth and educa- 
tion^ Philip of Mac^^ion mkes 
him into his fervice, IV. 35. 
He is made principal fecretary 
tO'Jiexander^ 36. He went in- 

. ., truited with a confiderable com- 
mand in the Indian expedi- 
tion, ibid. ^^ fucceeds ii} the 

, ^j^n)Q)dnd of P^rdiccasy who 
was advanced to that of Htphte- 

. ...fiioHi i^cl. jiejcander gives him 

B^Ji^e the daughter of -^^a/^- 

■ .iwiiw, jn^floarriage, ibid. He 

often incurfj^d,^Z«M<a<^/s dif- 

^ pleaA)re» ^^A particularly on 

l^iQ^.fcQCP of HepkneftioHt ibid. 

For what he upbraided Ak^an- 

. dir^ ibi4* > He ^fuies to lend 

^e^aaMr, three hundred talents, 

ifyd^ ^^, Has ax^ther difpate 

; ^it^ , Hiib^Jion^ 37. He 

was a nun of great art and 

addrefs, ibid. What he did 

VpL. VI. 

. (D jroriuftf^ himielf ia ^Aanff- 

T.p i^O ^^PWr, /^V^ After Jlex* 

. tf Wifr's death he flays at Babyhm^ 

.,. aoA.pacifig? th« foldiery, 38. 
,. Wa[3 jsude Goj^sjoor of Cafado^ 

, cia ZLViSi Paphlagoniq^ ibid- Hi^ 

.. diiFei;e9X^ witjL^^^^ 

gf C^diaj ibid* He retires to 
PardiccoA^ who Jetties him ia 

1 tbje.gpyeri^ent of Cq^adocioy 
.3^* 39* He cojidnues to at- 
tend ori- Perditcasp ibid. P^- 
. diccas diifniiTes hun upon his 
arrival in C///Vw/ ibid. He 

. . raifes a body of htorfe able to 
curb the infolence of the Mace^ 
dpnian Phalam;^ ibid. De-^ 

. clared General of the forces in 
Armenia and Cappadocia, 40* 
He defeated NeoptoUmus with 
his cavalry, and obliges the 
Mcuedonian Phalanx to come 
over to him, ibid. His anfwer 
to the embaHy from Craterus 
and Antipatevy ibid* Ap A^ioa 
whereby he ihowed himfelf a 
great general, 4 1 . His extraordi* 
. nary dream, ibid. How he in- 
terpreted it in his own favour, 
ibid, &c. The order of h is battle, 
4 2. He engages with Neopto- 
Umus and kills him, 43. His 
grief for the death of Craterus^ 
ibid. He gets great reputation 
by that vi£lory, ibid. &c. Which 
caufes him to be envied, 44. 
The Macedonians decree his 
death for making them fight 
againft Craterus^ 44. Tney 
give a joint comjniffion to Ami' 
. genus and. AntipaUr, ibid. He 
feifes the kingis horfes, and 

fives difcharges to thofe who 
ad^e of them, and what 
Antipaier hid 00. the occaiion» 
ibid. He marches into the 
jHpppr Phrygi^^^ ibid. . What 
he iaid when, the officers dif- 
puted with him about the comr 
mand of the army, ibid, ^ How 

y hf 

1^ N 

lie Mtd hh, feUx^rt, ftqd g^nad - 
their aic^io^, IV* 44»,f^* tet- 
ters difperTedabour his campy 
promsfing r^w^ds ^ tlK)fe who 
ihoiild kiu hiiiit whkh cxtream- 
\y ofieaded. the MaceJenianff 
and what xkevrA^i ^ his &fe- 
^^» 45 • ^9 fefc* * batde with 
A^^igifnusi, by the treachery of 
one <if his ^c^» whom he 
immediately iei^ps and. iiangs, 
«^V. After his flight returns 
to the field of battle, and burns 
the dead bodies of his ibldiers» 
ibid. He could have taken J^n- 
iigonuis baggage^ and the r«a* 
P:>n why he would not, ihid^ Sec, 
What he did m that affair, 46. 
And what /^ff/^^vf faid of him, 
y^rV. He dlfmiiljes great part of 
his ibldiers, zndw}iy^ii/J. He 
retires to the, citadel of Nora, 
ibid. &€. The anfwer he fent i 
to th<5 proportion of an inter^ 
view,. 47» His mtcrview with 
j^^tigcMffs^ihii*. He is beiieg- 
ed in Nor^ pbi^ Defcription . 
of his jpeiibn and converfation, 
48«> His pr<y'(^ to keep the 
men and horfes fit for feryice, 
ihid. $cc^ JftfgjonHs'qff&rs hjm 

terms of peace^ 49. And fends 
i;he form of the oath, which he 
corrc^, /^V, His fidelity to 
C)/J?^//«jand.her lijite, ibid. He 
gets togethef .^ Ipody of aboat 
fi thoi|iand hor/e, iM, He re- 
ceives letters fron^ Oljmpias for 
him to;?ome and takq the com- 
mand of ^/e.Ya^^<^r's. little ion, 
50. , Has ^ders to make 
war on Aniigpnuf^ ibid. . His ar- 
tifice to 4edi9e the envy of 
Antigena ant^ ^feutMmus^ chief 
officers of the Argyrafprdes^ ibid, 
tjff. Joined^ by Peuceftas, and 
other governors, 51. He bor- 
row« money of thoft whcMnofl 
hated him« and. thereby iiH|ires 

. , theuji tQ hia intttxA, ikt,..^ 
. defeats Antipnui ik^q aftei^pt** 

. cd to pafi toe .river i^/n^^^ 
ibid. A great inffauiec of the 
«fleem the Uaaioni^fu ftn^ fi^ 

J^vi^^^ ?ri»| ficV lie is 
forced to be carrie^ m a litter 
fe th^ ^w of d^c^ a^^ ihii, 
Hpw Jic, encouraged tfc f^di- 
ers, 53. Hi^ f&afagem to de^ 
ceiv]^ Apiigonns, j^jj, A coj^i. 
firfracy. ag^inU him difcovercd 
By fome who had lent him Jno- 
vney, ^6< What Jie faH tojlis 
friqiids, ihid. H^ l^es his 
will,, and. deftroya his papers, 
ijltids Lofo thfttattlpimth wfau 
i^ZQnnu through ;"the;iAwafdice 
^ f' ^«^«^^ S7^^^- Sewci and 

^is fpeech ,tQ .tl^jjl^irf^>^^«, 

PutgMw^.. % T^c ^dvan* 

EttmolpideSf fuf^intenil^its of the 
hol^ mvflcries oii^h^ II. 1 18* 
Orie^d.fQ abfolye jticibiades, 

Euneusfjoncofne/euPs comptni- 
on&;,Jn hia voyage to the £mVi# 

Eunomusy the father Cff tjcyrgus, 

I. i.9j«- Killed. by ^ cook'a 
knife, 104. /. « \ 

Eunomk$ }^t Tbiafim, his B^W^ 

Eunuchs, ufnaUy keep^i;$ qf -ahc 
treafurc, V, 256*. / ,,- f, 

&wf/. a fogitive flavts^/thc.^au- 
, t^r of the fervile war4n\^/«A, 

III. 266. . r;;. 

r^ziTpr a carp^njjcr, prepares 
icaltng ladders for'^^^^jifc, VI. 

149. ■ ;;'^'" 


".t N 6- it % 

l^'uphfaiiii^i a divine^ "vi^bpd %ed Eu^pt^kmut; ^e ftn t^f-M^ln, 

i!tt{sic^ii^cing ^ t^ree* children C/^^s^iikrries'ihi^ dattthHer'^ 

: ?09. ' ft . 396. V ^ : ^ . ' 5i9jKrrt^y,;Hiit of tt*. fon* x4 A- 

Eitfpp^of^^V tntotio jiii{enft ^hil- jax; Viiiz: 'IT. '9f .- ' •' - 

ctefi^by Cfeoparray' ktLVto'Ju- Eurytitn,!^^ fbfe cfr^dbjv L ioj* 

^«Jftf/; y. 356.' " • • gave tWi Haime of EutyikHiid^ 

Etifo/iMs^iiie Ton cflcetes, t^ken to his defceinuiftntisi 104^ Th^ 

' pfirbher and put;: tcT'ddidi, II. firft \vixo ikckened the reins of 

250. '• / ' the rega! aat^rity, A^</. The 

Biipot^at, the fecotid wife d[ ^fcbi- diforders thatenfued theri^apon, 

^tf«ri<y, a:i)d moth^ of ^^tfitf> . Hid. \ ' 

.11:64. ' -ff«/^;yp, faid bjr foffle to- bfl^ the 

EMpUei; hl^ tbittb, L 150; The name ci-Tikv^fltckh- mother, 

<Jde hte mAdcixi praife <X Aid- I. 2^1. 

if2»/^j, [f; 1 01. One of his ver- Eutbippm^ st^tletiA of Gtmo^^ kil- 

' fes fkvts :^4r/9r7 fi-om bclhig; de- . led with aH'his <;oaipanio&s in 

Arc^ye^ IH* ^95* His, epitaph a battle with the Lac^iierm^/ri- 

on the Atbjtmans ^S^hi Sjcify^ ans. III. ''297. 

jtoS^. tHw ^peat tAcexn the Si- Kuthydtmusy an ofScei* who ferved 

' m^^hfAXorhioi^ 4^1;. His vnder Nicias\ joined in com- 

Vcfrfi^ wed a great mxin/ pri- xniffion with him» III. 40a. His 

. ioti&s\*ihid'» An atsidietit mach fatal ambitio|i; 403. ' ' > 

todi€;j|0]hbttrof^ir/T^Ai^»i|j.&c. £'ir/i^;Rm/ of Inmrym,' defeated in 

Eurjkiddis^.^mttX ot tke Grad- Stcify, If, azSv Talcen prisoner* 

*d>i&€6t, etelrged'wftkwatit of 230. Put to d^th, and why, 54. 

courage, I. 95. Ofel Vb ftrike Exedejfdes, t^ &dker of Somf I. 

^timiJ^cUi, mi. * 203. ' 

'iftfn'c/^t the orator at ^^^u/e, J^xi^z-A^/f, w|tbibcalled»andwhy» 

- the barbaroni decree fe pro- . I. ;^14. 

pofcd, (IL 4*14. Exile, Tolantaiyi^yrffT^ thought 

Emycl/Sf' the LAcedafm9n^%^ com- it the wtielicotirle to decline 

mandsaihipfor'^A^I^i^jvjragainfl the j^atoufy of the oeopte, I* 

Antotff, whatheiaidta^A/i^»79 10;, iq6. Exites oTT'de^/, II« 

V. J5t. . - . • 294. T^hey enter fi^M in the 

Euryclidah fent by Ckonunp to' habits bf jpeafants, 295^ 296. 

the EpMy V. 151. ' * Exiles of Athnia, the difplitet 

EurydL% a'd^endaotof jtf/Ar//}^i?j, about them ^ the (enate> 436. 

, jnarrr^ t() Dfmttiu}^ V; 244. Exodium^ a kind of farce ^c^g 

Eut^dfcfi the. fii^et: of i'iifAt'atnd the Romin^t which thef- per- 

wife of Fjolmy^'V, 278."*' ,^ ^ ' formed at the eftdof their tra- 

.EttyMuj iht 'JE^e^fff^itl '^vc '' gedies, III*; 461. N. Among 
V \ifitii't>Ujippa; Jlexaa^def^i^vady 3it Gi^^ei^^theoonclofioa of the 

^ ncfs to him^ 1 V. 280: ,^^ ' 'ti^edy it felf, r^/V. 

Bitr^mdoh ^tAfhemart^ fciit^with ' V /. . '• > : 

f\xcco\^% to Nidoiiti^Um.lM' *. .; "'^ <^I*;'* L 

:, 4dft. -KiQtd in batm 4Q9r / '%* ':^ ^ ' 

'J^wtyftdlmia^ fifitki'^f&t^^ fon, Y?^^* a.V^ilal, filler to T/rM« 

U. u. J7 /i^^, Cjr#^<?»s wif^ V. C9, 

y a f «^ii 

I N D E X. 

FaBti, deltendedi from- Hercnles^ 
il; 53. The original of that 
oatne, ilnd, &C. 

^aiius AmBu/tttSf (eiit tfmbaflltdor 
to the Gauls y violated the law 
of nations, I. 175. And was 
the cauf*e of the war, 1 71.. 

FaBius PiSor^ fent to conmlt the 
oracle at Delphi^ II. 76. 

Faiitts' Bufeo, chofeft joint Dffta- 
t6f at Rome^ white' 3ftfrr«/ Ju- 
nius was Di6Utor with tihc army 

' H. 67. • 

Fahiusl high-pneft when Brennus 
King of the Gauls took Rome, 

I.- 345- ■'' 
Fahias Ma>^kuSy hii noble cx- 

traftlonv n. 53i 5^. The 

fourth in defcent -froin Fahius 

' Rtdhr^ '5*4. ' Nicknamed Ver- 

rrucofui Sind O'vicala, ibid. The 

faife" jodgmcnt that was made 

of his p;rc^t qiialities • in his 

' Voiith, fBitl. Inures hirtifclf to 

• t)odity^' 'labour; /^/i: And to 
' eloquence, ind nVakesa funeral 
' branoH' on the death of his fon 

who died conful, /^W. &c^ He 

*' tvas'liVt^ tirtiesconfril, 5^5. Tri- 

umphed in hjs fiifl cOnAilftip, 

' ' iiri}: '"'Wt- prudence, and the 

': wife advice ?jegave the Romans, 

'. 56;' 57V •-•Ghoferi'Diftator, 58, 

. AKks' leaxre to ferve in the army 

ori Morfeback;' 551. How he 

fealhtaitred the iutfitority of his 

• ^bffice,' M;W."Confults the .y/^y/- 
•'* //V/'books, il^ld, Hi« VeliMous 

vow to' celebratt g^es ih ho- 
• ■ Jrjoor'of tfje gods; 60'. hie raifes 
*■*' 'tHe' fciriti of' the pctople by 
' in'iiking thein .believe the gods 
"'took their pirt, iBid,' His 
' prudent conda^-'againiV^M^ff///- 
laL ibid. X:C. * Reffleaed on at 
Rome, and' in his camp, for 
want' of courage, 6i. CalJed 
'id ^zAvTi'th't pedapogue^oJ^Hinni- 
iak 6'z. ' His friends preflifeg 
him to engage Hanniialy the 

wife ttMTw^r he made ^exfi'/^fi^' 
Atcacksf the rttr of' HmniihP^ 

' fumy^ Ciits off 6ight hundred 
men, and difbt^ei^ '^e whole 
armyi 63. Blamed 'by thfe fd- 
nate for the eonmi^l; he^' made 
with HamtiBaly abdtit die cx- 
thange of prifbnets, 6j. He 
k!t^% his fon to RoMe' to' fell 
lands^ and raife money to rc- 
debm thfem, ihid. Isf tsilled to 
RbtMe, *Hd leaves the comtnand 
of the army to LvciusMinUfius, 
ibid. »'His t«fl^ion <»i theiac* 
cefsoi Minufius, ibid. Ac. Dif- 
dains to reply to Metihus; but 
haftens to the army to ponifh 
Minufiuf for difobcyirig iJis' or- 
ders, '66. The Remans make 
Mthttms jbiht Di^itoiv iBid. 
Fahius*^ prudent beMaviotir in 
that^lftiif; 67. • iA' wMb*' reply 
ht made 'to MinMutj 68. 
M^tttiee to ^M. Mh^tM^ and 
whatfl* iaid^to his'foldier$>69. 
Hevf^es Minutius, iWd. '■< He 
livflr d^l^n tJhe dJftitOrthJp, 71. 
The wife advice he gave Pau- 
Ins j^miliusi^ho was conful 
wi±''T9mrtUts riurd, 72. Ex- 
tremely honodmd by the Ro* 
mans, for his cautk>n after the 
defeat' 'of ^erentius Varrdy 75. 
His w^e conduA in that poblick 
calamity, ibid. &c, Choien ge- 
iWhal-^^iilh ClOm&us MarceSus, 
Sind called 'tl>e'3a^J^lkr'&f the 
Roniantf, 77; Had'Hke to have 
been furprixed* by Hannilal^ 
-78'. His generous behaviour to 
a Mavfian who encoaraged jfbme 
Romans to ^tierti'lBid, ' And to 

-'k Lktonian who uicd to tie- out 
of the .camp at nights; 79.* By 

■ "^hat means he got '^fl&ffioa 

^ of the tdivn of Taremum, ibid. 
*c. A iWatagfeln Re ufed to 

-divert HanmBalr while he tbok 
Tarentum, 80, 81. His vanity 
prompts him to an adl of cruel- 


tyy n. 8i. What he faid to the 

. dSc^ who took 4<;9omt of the 

Sj^WSf in refpe^l to th^ go4s of 

* the far^minef, ibid> ^r,. Jle 
tiljjes, i^eilaMie cf HfircuUs ftom 
Tar^nfumy SLnA places it io the 
capital i^ext ^o his own> 82. 
His iecond triumph, /^V. His 
fnfwer tq Marcus Li'vimt $3* 
His foa inade conful, a«4 a 
, great a^on pf the fon'^ in 
maintaining the dignity of the 
CQfifulQiip, and wkftt Fuhiu$ 
iaid IQ h\s fpn on thatoocafion, 
ihi4^ His ^oarage in bearing 
the iofs of that fon, 84. » He 
makes a funeral oration for 
hiniy ihid^ He oppoks Sdpio^s 
deiign of carrying the war into 
u^/f«ji ibid- The opinion of 
the people of his oppqiition to 
SdpiOf 85^ < He hinders the 
Jtmotts fcom giving money to 
Scipia for die Cartb^fgifdan war, 
ihid*^ He accufes S^iph of .fly- 
ing iv^Hanuibalt and drain- 
ing Jt4ily of its forces, ibU. He 
endeav^ours to iend one to foe- 
ceed Scipio in Africa^ and his 
reafon for it, 86. The appre- 
henfipns he endeavoured to in- 
ftil into the people when Bdm- 
nihal left Italy^ ibid. . He dies 
before the final overthrow of 
Hannibal by Scipio^ 87* The 
Romanf exprefs their gratitude 
to hinr, by agreeing to contri- 
bute a piece of money towards 
the expeiice of his funeral, ib. 
The advantages of Fabi us above 
Pmciesi ibid, ^c. Not inferi- 
or to PerieUi in policy, bat had 
. not the power, 89. 

fJiiuA Maxmusf the fo|i of Pau-^ 
lu$ . jEmliuSf II. 244, ^45. 
Contends with his brother Set- 
pi9 for the commax^d of a p^rty 
who were to attapk Per/pus^ 

Fafnus RuUus^ Or lUitiUanm, who 
^T^ acquired the name ofMaxi- 
musf the great-grandfather of 
F alius Maximt^i H* 54* ^^^ 
behj^vJiour inrefpedl to his fon, 
04* ,< , f ^ 

Fabius^ Luculkf's lieutenant, de- 
feated . by .. AfitbridatfSy III. 

Fabius the , propraetor of ^pmn^ 
, cenfured for rendering the Ro^ 
mans odious to the provinces, 
V. 213, 

Fabius Fabulusy faid to be the per- 
son that to.urdered Gaiba, VL 

Fabius Fakns, commander of a 
legion, the firft who took the 
oath of fidelity to Galba, VI. 
208. Salutes Fsielleus empe- 
ror, 221. His avarice, 235, 

Fable of Picus and Faunus, I. 1 79. 
Of the feftival, and the day af- 
ter the feilival, !• 304. Of 
Minerva zxid^ Neptune contend- 
ing for the patronage of Athens^ 
by whom, and to what end in- 
vented, 305. Of the ferpent 
whoie tail role in rebellion 
againfl: the head, V . 1 26. Of 
the cuckoo, and little birds, 
Vf, 174, Qf the hunlfman 
and hoHe, 181. 

Fabriciusf what he laid on the de- 
feat of L^evittusj III. 78. Sent 
by the Romans to treat with 
Pyrrhus about the prifoness, 8 1 . 
He refufes to accept of a pre- 
fent, ibid^ A ikying of his 
to Pyrrhus J ibid. What he faid 
of the Epicurean philofophy, 
82. His anfwer to Pyrr bus's 
offers, ibidp He informed Pyrr- 
hus of the treachery of nis phy^- 

fician, ibid» &c* 

FadUons of what fervicc to a com- 
monwealth, IV. 172, 173. 

Faith ; A temple boilt by Numa to 
Faiths I. iSo. The moft fo- 

Y 5 lema 

N D fi X 

' ^lemn of aTl' oaths among the 

[^ Romans, ibi4. , , ^t^a-j 
Fa/man fchoolmaftef, what hedid, 
'" a»d how ufed by Cajnillusj I. 

i!^^///?/, beat by'C^««i^/ii»'l- ^3^- 
.tame, fee glory; ;^ ;. ' , 
l;ainuie at yiV^^«/ undei; the tyrant 
':\MPm. llIv/3> ,^nother 
''^ famine at" Athensy V. 265. 
' The extremity to which the 
':''':jthmans were reduced by it, 
• • ihid. The fails and tackle of 

fiiips eaten in a famine, V. 
'^ 101. Fairiine in tHe camp of 
''[ Jriaxerxes.Vt: U7^ In the 
'' army oi Antony, V. 330. 
>Wfl/ijergeneronty to Marius, 

"^nd her hiSory, III. 149» »50- 
.' jfai^nius^ a companion of Tlr^m- 
^ , uiGracchus^y. 187. 
" Ww, C«/«/, made conful by 

' tSe intereft of Cms Gracchus^ 

jC^^us Gracchus^ 21 o.. 

'^iaih^/th^'law ^*^^ Empowered 
::*^;to (el\« chadren, 
^ V amended, I. Jo2.. 

la?ft that was fo ttyted, V. 4«. 

■R^j^bx. the iiemi iod, tW fab»- 

■ , i Iqus ftory of hjsTieiflg taken by 

;•, W-««^. 1. »79- Stippofed to 

. .jMLve marrjed, the Bona Dea, 

JY 434, 

'TgavMiJu,. his u'nfeaferiable rallery 

:.:.*;oa/'»/»/<y,lV. i9t:i99- 364. 

,71. He fties with\Pff«/g', 


: ,.. :Vm thp fena!^ aid in fevour 
:;; ; "of Sf>. J^^i . «« iwas an m- 
' . .tjwatp filewa'of Cart's V. 71. 
■ ' • ", Andft zbaious'itoitatoi' of him, 
; " ©and IV. iji, 371. Chofe« 

'. :'M^k,!tiJ'- The pleafore he 

took hi the ftowg ^lAifelA by 

' Ctf/^'forhffii, IV, 157, .Hia^- 

Venting witb ^r«/«&and.G^^» 

fattftidus^ t!hepcrfottdiat.Br9dght 
up Romulus and Remus j i;'.53. 
i^ . hGlba»d bf ^a:<» £wwv«</w, 
54. Killed b t&fcfpBftc be- 
tween Rmuks and 'i?JrA(«/y6t» 

F/r«^)?«j, the ibn of 5>/fe IV. 167.. 
rmt^ his eftatB k^ to &k» V. 

440. ' ' 

Fcari a ddty to whicb f A*>J«rJ ia- 
cfificed 1.36. And Jlemtuter^ 

IV. «67. The temple of fear, 

V, iji- The worihJirita: fear 
ckferibed, ibid. liris f^on 
rtoft creel and bloody ift ty- 
rants, VL I39« 

Feaft celebrated in hcmoui; of the 
two Ariaines^ L X5. ?i*'caft of 

of Saves, pr SaiuryuUg, 193. 
Feafl: of the £«&««# I^ 3^7. 
One day added to. l^.JLatin 
fee^s, 569. Fead!<if ^re^v^in' 
near Cyzucus^ HI.; 3 16. Feaft 
of myfteries at JibMs, IV. 266. 
Feaft df. the Zi^ercfiha^ 392, 
Feaft «f love, I. 119. Feaft of 
Ceret^ II. 76. Feaft df . ^^««m 
happened as the Athegrans were 
imbarktug for^/o^, 112. Feaft 
in hononr of ytfizo, oalied the 
feaft of hyfani&r^ KL \g%. 
Feaft of the women, and the 
ceremonies thereof^ L .94* 
TtBruata, the ancient nam^^of the 

* feaft called Lufercaiia^ 1. 94. 
Ftctaksi aa ordo- of priel^s infti- 

tiited by Numa, I* ij^s Their 

ofRee^ W/V. &c. 
Feretrius^ the meaning of the 
' word, I. 71, 
tiiiH^^ city, how lakeUby X^r 

• ^•^min/livJ, I. $4». Sj* 
Figa ^forbidden to loe tcas^orud 
' dttt of i#«/mr I- 23.2. 
FimhriAi beficgcsi Mithrijatts in 



i *} 

N D E X. 

> ^Mk^KkBiMU $06. Im|q» £«- 
^»&u, to come t» hifi affiiUnce, 

^4iU.:K He aOafiaai^f /V^r- 
rie/, 234, 249. Being. derated 
by his/iUdsm^ he kiUs bJmfeU; 

. •250. -> ' - ' ■ 

Fimitmmsf a: held, hMfdf» Imsvlefs 

F^re 2 H6]/ fiie gaordod by veftals 
tt i^0Atf> 1. 168. At ^fims 
. aMii>fi)ftii^ goarded by widows* 
i^fi/. How to be kindkfl at 
Rme^ ibid. {$f<. Called V^/ia 
wad Ihm^ by the P^in^^rf- 
MUn^ 171. WoriUpped as the 
prineipol of all things, I. (344. 

- ^ amhlem of poii^ r^. All 
tfie fm» ia the comtryMJ^la- 
tea, put oitty and why> !!» 

: 4iQv.iHow the -hflly:: fire mcas 
tooe lighted, Hui* 

ffae-hearth iaeied to domeftick: 

. dcidetylV.. 997. V. 39c 

F$r9dans9 htmte, ibldiers thsit ao- 
coupanied Ck^, it. 44;^ 

J^iBCcn jiOaffioBted by Fip^hriay 
III. ^14, 249. 

^ladMs-JimrdeowiMt^ &nt 1)^ Go/^a 
to fiicoeed FinpfiU»9.Yh 208. 
llie anny refSfe to Hake the 
oath profio&dby himof fide- 
lity 10 the emperor^ .2,20*. 

fiagiiU^itm^ the naiae of a^ feail 
ailioagft the Sparumt$h (30. N. 

.Fkukm qmtiaaiu^ m^Ul$isi by 
IfumOy L 163. 

Flaminius, Caittt, jthe ccmfulf of a 

ikfy ftempery 11^ 564 HU r^ih 

refolution to ifieik. fihnnibal^ 

' $9» Not to be dcyterred by ill 

• acddenti, ihid^ Kilkd in the 
battle, 58. StcC«ifS^.<fJam* 
nittu ' • ». 

Fimminms, C. ^jfhttsaf^ ivvhen conr 

t fal» faieht and. <kiS?«^'i the 
Gtftf/f, 11. 334. N^wswtd Ge- 
Jicsai of ihe berfe*.. ai^.ivhy 
obliged to quit thatc.p^j^ 336. 

Fiaminmtr Titus ^uintui, hit ita- 
<ae eredled at Rome, HI. 26. 

His iuuural di/po£tion» /I, &c 
The pleafure he rook in doing 
favoors, 27, His application 
to war, ihid. Serves a^ tribune 
under Marcellus^ ibid. Made 
governpir of Tarentum^ and of 
the country abont it, ibid. Ap» 
poi|ited leader of two colo- 
nies, iifd. He ilands for the 
confuUhip before he had pafled 
through other inferior offices, 
ibid. Obtains it, 28. By lot 
appointed General againll Phg» 

s lip J (bid* He takes a difierent 
method a^ainft Philip from that 
of other Generals, 20. He gels 
iafe into . Epirus^ ioid. Tlie 
faerdfinen dilcover to him the 
way to attack Philip, 30. He 
drives the enemy from their 
ftrong holds, and becomes ma& 
ter ^ their camp, 31. The 

. good diicipUne he kept m his 
wro^ during their march; ^d 
the advantage of it^ ibidl ^. 
The qualities by which Kegainr 
ed the/affedioh of the people 
of the coijntry, 33. ' HilJ in- 
terview with Piilipf and' ihe 
conditions <)f pface he olFered, 
ibid. . How he amufed the The^ 
^«/tj, and entered Thebes, j^^ 
Being cootiqued in his com- 
mand, bp marches into Thejaly, 
to eo^ge Philip, ibid. t^e. He 
defeats him>. 34, 35. '\ The 
conditions of peace >vh'rch he 
agreed tp, 37. And the rtafons 
of ilate that induced him to ic^ 
ibid* .^c. The advice given 
him. by, the ten deputies from 
Rome^ 38. He reftores liberty 
to dW 'Greece^ ibid. Which hfi 
caufed. to be procUieoed at the 
^hmian .ganies, ibid. The 

Srat^l j;efle(^ions of,thi^*Gr^r^/ 
ierecui,',39, 40. He fc^hds de- 
puties jto^.enfranchife the Greek 
cities^, 4Q« Chofen judge of the 
Nemaan games, ibid* He re- 
Y 4 €0tt« 

I .>■ N ' D C: E / X. 

202. JwS: M' 

Jtan, left governor of Romfy^^bf 

a&fol^' iKidi >AiKlA^GdJiclu&«''a\F/9r^ the coarteaan/hodiliiiii^afW 

j[Je4fceiKiti,.hiari, >forwtlicfh fe./ iwilhiiB<;«3*#^, ilV£''in5.,qiAtTce-* ' 
was blamed, li/V/. The reafc^s kb6-atedbekut]^,«^i)iiL-A. Her^it^ 

themfelves, III. 41. Ilecoi&«' 
crates a filver target at Delpbi^ 
ibid. And a crowd of gold, 42. 
He makes war upon the tyrant 

lib fcre in his^joflifliditiQiH' 43. 
PLKCrcsrely jea1b«ii5>:of '^ehe ho^ 
nbuy&.^aid t» jpMlofameli, 42* 
fileafed with /tt» }ke(ent made 
him by the Jtb^eo^ 4*3 .- His 
truimp, i^c^ ' The rkhe? he 
brought hofncy 44^ S^em lieu- 
tenant into G^^r^i, ^ibjid, Tlie 
^monilr^c^ hd 3iiade to the 
cMdsl liaiius, 45^ He pre- 
vails oniim to agree to a trace 
n^th the MttdiiMJ, ibid. He 
inteocede^ ibr the tlhaiciJiamy 
illid. Their acknowledgment 
of his favours, and .thd great 
honours they paid 'him, 46, 
Hi» natutal gocsdndfs; ihid. His 
pkafant converiation, iB^ Some 
j^ood il&yings of his, 47, Chofen 
c^fOT with the icm. of ManeHus^ 
ibid^. .What tteey did in their 
gl^forjbiix, . iki4^ ' 89C'. His dif^ 
f*6r(^oelwithCA/9/and the caufe 
piiit.'iMk He.-afccbpts'thfe of- 
£t;^/ of military trmune, 49. 
C^pfarcdfor wiiat he did a- 
gmoft Hamdhal^ ibid. &c. But 
by ..fofifte cpiijussexuied for it, 
^2,' He. died a xratinal ^death, 
5v3v His adviintagel xyvcr Fifi^ 

Fla0m ii tribune^ wounfcls one of Fortune^' her ways feeret and in* 

nirffT placed: ^in.. the t^xuplcf^ of 
Cajfor, sod- Pd/luft^ Mdoi /'l^ 

Flute TsdfaacounttdainrtifiGaltn*^ 
llrument fit for a gentleman, f L 
95«> Ah Inftrwnlem con&cnitcd * 
tdpeaceii 363^ ^^ ^ *»»•;( /- 

Flute! Ttkds w]»ere tfab •fbeft.grBiiri 
IfL'245. '^. 

Flyin]g as they £ght, a Sn/ife con4> 
tuiieduice' 6f>the: Fumkiiiksy . il{. 

447 ♦ • ' > 5 .■ * • w ' 

Foiii/J th^^ onginal nabie ,of th^ 
Fi^km faiti%. If. t'^.^^ ^ 

Fonteiks 'Ca/itOy ^ - fenc < oy Jitmij^ lb 
coudufb Qe^aira its^^fyris^ 'Y» 
320. Killed by raUmf^.Vll 

Forms, > thA inconvenknoes wiu 
fingfi-oih too iiridr an adhe^ 
rence to them in ibme cafes, L 
260. Whe;ther they 
difptoffed whh in ionie ciimes 
agaif^fl the flate, IV; loi. 

Fort.unate ifiands deicribedy IV* 

Hi - > 
Fortune diilinguifhed from chance, 

IL j»34. 
Fortanev'hey image, iiidto'faaiKe 

made •» fpeech to the 'Riman 

ladies, H. i86» -irm: . 

fibmutifcU^i fdepiihiiis^n. 369, 

Fhvim and MameUuti^ikt :tn- 
ii«)J^fi dcpfofed fcy*:C^5Ar> fV. 

FkiwmJUUui^ his .ijafhfaefr^ Vl 
^^27^ , Sl^^ ;3j«8. r . '. ^ " . 

El^'^im FJa^cuy , ibfocms s Tjihstiki 
6rM^t that 'th&il^aders^a^ 

-') U' 

comprehenfive, iL 2^31. -Her 
^pca\'jsl''ev€ii in ca^s tthe itiofl 
defperatei and crit]ca],:lir/'97. 
Hkr')bffeft> on the jiiiinds.;^ 
men, 259.' 339./uv^JHer) jn- 
c^mfiancy, IJ. ;209» ayoi. 279^ ■ 
%%t^, lV.*^^>266y>27i7v otQniiiiot 
i>verpDw«r vjf t^;>Vv<i 8t;^926. 

VI. 240. i ^^ .'^^ vwV ' \ 

-\\S.\%K- • *.» ^ i.'ilr •«■' 'FOtI»* ' 

I y'N :"tD* E ^^X*^ 

FonHfainiSDof -bat mar rjfydibaat 

III. 252. S' 

Friend and mcro^aiary,. wlvwteia 

^eyKd^Fcr^nV;' Tc6vi -:> ."M • 
Friend {2lip, . ^!^emilrk^k^Ak%(ldalC9 

to^i ■ rfio^i Ttxubi f]ieodil|ip t>n 

what fobirded^'IIv ^29012 - vi • 

Fulcmlu^ . ithe mdjcker 1 ^ 06 ^Marhni, 

married to Antonys V*y:^(i\ 
Her QxUBtordinary natunal pants» 
ibid. She maintained bifi -I] ukr* 
x€i^ inrJ^ow^ againft JugujSjUft 
^Ik. >^iewa3.thfi.rde£Mi&x»f 
the war, 314. Her death ,-i/^., 
Fidvieiy ai lady, of quaiityi,! ' w ho 
acquaipte4 Cicero yibAiGatt/im^ 
desgns^^igaini; him» V* 42y6. 

Fuhiiia ^intus chofen ; dklator^ 
II. "367,». '* : :.' 5 

Ful<viusy a particular friend, of 
Cuius QriBC£htS4 iiis being -ac*- 
coibd was the prinGipai!.catufe of 
Caimi^Tfxm^ Y,,2ij. 'He op*- 
ffofes Qpimims the con fd], 221. 
He lends Ixis fon to pro|x^ an 
agreement, s^i^. He and. hk 
eldeft fon flain, ibid. His corps 
thrown into the river^ 222.5^* 
His widow forbid to put hcrfelf 
in moQsning, Hid, 

Funeral orations, the original 
of them iL 257. WJien firft 
made^, for' women, and on what 
occafion, I. 332. Not made 
for yoong women 'tiii Cafat^^ 
time, IV. 350. ..' >. 

Furdftry a name of reproadi, /and 
to wiiom given ^ II. ir}o\,'. ;< /. 

Fttxiiy-K family not confideraBlfe 
bcford Camillus\ 1.323. ' 1 ' i 

Furha^.Lttciusvi a milkary^ >trshiroe, 
jpoUegpao with Canuilus, I. 5165. 
Cboftir by Camiilufto:n^Q6& 

• xheTu/cam^ 364. 

Furiusi the iletttenaat oi Puilius 

lIL/4^i f;. i\\ .' ^ 

G^(/\ .£mct/iit/And.^wMy^^ ledocated^^'I^ 

. 55#"! ..: i ^ ^ /'. '-i'.'^^ 'K '." 

Gahimus^' Jki/mi^a tribane^tiwdii- 
ed to.ifehe'>reiidr;<^ CiuRraiMc4 
III. 239. ,P«c>)K)fed a Ismia 
ftvottr ! fS.iP^ompry^ i V * 145; 
Ele6led^Qonfttl,.i74. 1 

Gahiniu,\ %- m^6 Of confulardtgf 
nity, ca«^ies Jntm^ with -him 
in^o^r^i V. .«39.. The vfi 
fer made ium by ^W««rf King 
of j^gypty ibid. i^iA rudei ig«^ 
haviour (x> Cioer^t 444. . i '^ 

G^/^las, a SpoKt&M^ rsconoiieB 
i^f(9« and HeradiJes^ VL 46: ' ' 

Gmeochttsy a name given to iVCr^ 

?i/»^, I. 484 ' » * 

Galba Su^'tiuSf' his i>ichea and 
defcenv V£< 202. Hecomi 
mands in Girmnfjft ibid. Fi«4 
conful in Lybia^ ibid. Blamed 
for his unfeafeaabk tempW' 
ance and oeconomy^ r^r^. Setit 
governor into Spain, ibid. ^ ^liii 
concern for tthe.abides tbe'peoi 
pie fiaiFered by the empctfoi^i 
officers, iiid, Deohred eni^ 
peror, 203. He accHspts J^ 
government only as lieuteiiMit 
to the fenats aad peo|^, ibi^ 
His eAate lazed by Ner^ 20^ 
He feizes Nfrti*s eftate in Spaitits 
ibid. He writes to Fir^ni)^^ 
zo$. Hcidretires to CcktUi^^^ 
ibid. His indinatifDn to a qttli^ 
life, ibid. He was feventytbn^ 
years dd when' he was chofen * 
emperOTy 2cx5. Amba^ado^ 
fent to him by the fenate, %<s$. 
His modefty, 209. He pqts ali A 
. Nymphidius's \ ^go 

' deadii,^ 219.^ Accbi^ed in \Ai^ 
way \to>, Rwnt^fbf^ a diiMrderly 
rabble of feameni who hdd.been 


k « 

r N b E X. 

^ fairmti Inio'tt .legion hf Ntra^ 
VI. 213. Heordlcrs them to be 

' charged by his horfe, who cut 
them all to pieces; which was 
accounted an ill ometi, ihid. 

' His prefent to an excellent mo- 
fician> and what he &fd to him 
on that occaiSoQ^ 214. His aA 

' of refumption upon Ae players, 
lie ibid. A good fayilig of his, 
16 16, Hfc dcKbh-atiOn on the 
choice of a fntceffof, 219. Why 
the army had an averfion to 

' him, 220. His ftatoes demo- 

' Jifhed, ibid. He adopts ?//&, 

- 22 1. Inforimed that Otin was 
proclaimed, 225;. Deferted 
by every body, ibid. His head 
cut off and carried on the point 

' of a fpear, 2^26. ' Given to the 
fervants of Patrobius and Fitel- 
Mus^ 317. Pfifui Hihidius 
copyeys away his body, and 
'^rgim buries it, ibid- He did 
tjot ftiae the empire but re- 
figned himfelf to it, to8. His 

' ^maraiEler, ibid. He fuffered 
himfelf to be iofipofed on by his 
favouHtes, ibid^ 

fjtdba^ Sirens, accufes FomIuj 
'■" ' JEmiliusy JI. 274. 

iGallcy of Thefiui preferved for 

•^ many ages by the Jiibeniansf 
1. 28. A philcfbphical pro- 
blem upon that fubje^, ib. &c. 

C alley two cubits long of gold 
iffld ivory presented by Cyrus 
to Lffandtn III. Ti98, 

Galleys ofRbod^, lU. 304. 

Galleys, the nuiiliber of their 
rowers, V. 27c. 

"GalUuf one of 6fbQ*$ Generals, 
VI. 234. Miirehed to join 
Spurirui, 23 c- : 

Catitfsg one ofsylld^s lieutenants, 

m. 1841- 

Caiks; Fi^wttis, an ofiiter under 

' AMtohy^'V/'izy: \Dies of - the 

' w«iBnd» ht^tecctved In ii)actle, 

Oalkt, ftnt by Aisgt^ ft>t!&9^' 
pat fa, V: 362. 

Gaaifes' inftituted by ^v^«^ laft Z>#« 
Jps, I. 26. - ^M-' '- 

Games; iJiiniuaH;^itlMmW'hy 

TJft/eus in ' honour of ' Neftkne^ 

1. J3. The .lif/^Sr^^axf/ Wece to 

' have tire ntoft honouralylef place 

' at'tltbfe "games, 34: H^mian 
lit honourbF^V/J^, 33, liiere 
always was a cei&tion of arms 
dunng the Oljmpiah^ 'Ijfbnuan, 
' Fytbean, and ffimdrak jgames» 
102. ^ Roman ^asoeif ithsLt they 
' were, 327. Of liberty, cele- 
brated at F/at4ta, II. 415, 

Oandatiiest and frajtaniy their 
Kin^s make preparations agaxnft 
Alhcandet. iV. 306/ Hie hum- 
ber of their forces, ibid: ■ 

Gfingaj jH^x^nder^sididkhttfak 
to pafs it, IV. 3d5. The 
breadth and depth of that river, 
ibid, ' 

Gardens belonging ^o'^Jifi^irnes, 

lieutenant to the King of Per^ 

Jttii 11. 120. GwrdeasofLucuU 

Vb, 'III. 360. Of Jttioctrxes^ 

VI 138. 

Gates of dties, why they are not 
accounted facred, I. 62. 

Gaugamla^ a place near Abela^ 
where the great battle betiveen 
Altxander and' jy^^ius was 
fought, iV. 266; 

Git2f£r de&ended irom the'rC/iSr^, 
L 337. fiefieged' Ciuftum a 
^uj(an city, 3 3! . * Took Rwm^ 
346. Beat by dsahtUuh^' 3154. 
Mdde war ou' the KokaaSf ' 11. 

Gauls otf^nally defcendled- from 

• 'th6 'Cida^ h 337. They came 

into iia\y for the {^kebf the 

winesi ibid. Tkey iieRege CA- 

jfafc, 33a. A grter fiftSt Aey 

^ coitmiitted' after tfie' fiattk of 

y^M, 34^. They dlyj<l(? their 

army unctiend th^-gjreateft part 


L N^ 1»i b; h 

<dr tiieir,/orpe9 to Jrj/ai^ L julJi 

348. Defeated by- Camiuuit 

the capitoU 347., Tkeif at- 

itcwfippt^Q enter. iti 551. The 

haramip$ the JUmaw m the 

. cafiitol, were>re4<ifed iq, if^U, 

Prcypitfitioos ibr ^ a^^i^o^o- 

datiQi^ betweea thenu ;i&/vf:c. 

The fraud aud infokncc ot the 

GWi^ ibid* Defeased by^jC^i- 

»//i<^, 3 5 4. Tbcii- ^ ferc^ lay 

chipfly in tneirfivordsiand ijieir 

manp^r of ufing them, 366, 

367. Their (words heiiig inade 

of iU'^-tempered metal 'beat in 

the fight, 368. The ft^r. the 

. Romtm conceived of the CtforiEr, 

Cauis were excellent hor{e|xten» II. 
3 3 2. The rcfoJ ution wheri^ivith 
. fiiey defended I^ilan^ , ^33^. 
. Their courage, Ilf . 91. They 
were the molt covetous aod in- 
(ktiable of all men, 92* What 
they did at ^g^» Aid*. . T*e 
G^uls were the troop pn which 
young, Cr^us chiefly depended, 
449, Their great courage, ib, 
Geefe, (acred ones kept ^B?f the 
temple of Juno^ by their cab- 
ling diicover the apprqacli of 
xhepaulit and &ve tt^e capitol, 

^' 35'-. 

Cegani^, a veftal virgin confecra- 

tedby Nmna, L .169^ . 
GWIir», A people^ their, ierritoriies, 

IV, 158, 
GeUmor ^ing of Jrgos di^laced 

by afa^on. III., loi* 
GeUiaffM fewt into $Aam by,- Nym- 

GettkuLMcuu^ iawlilttlieoi^Qled 

C^e/ar^ V. 438I. 
Gelo King of <S/V/^ fends a prcrf^nt 
, of com to Ramif II. 15$. Hit 
, ftatuc wif fcfved by the ^r<i^]^- 
., anSf 11. 221* 
Gelo'% government, VI. 7. 
C//9», a faithful ixiend to Neopto^ 
kmus, UL $1^, . He proienti 
Pyrrbus with two yoke of oxen, 
ibid- He formed a plot topoi« 
(on P^rriuff ibid. 
Gemintui an cpeiny to MariuSf tht 
dread iUictrrztf.was in of fal|ing 
into his hands. III. 146. He 
. feized Mariw and carried iiim 

to Minturuaf, 149, 
GemintMs a ihend of Pomfeyt^ ia 
love with^/flro, IV. 115, He 
kills Brutus by Pfmip^\ order, 
Qimimus^ (ent by Antouy^ friends 
to acquaint him with die ftate 
ofhisa&ira zxlUme^^^ 343. 
Sufpeded. by CUopair^^ ^bid« 
Genealogy of J^^««Ml and other 
Romania fuipeded, dud. v^y^ !• 
152, ic^ 
Gintbius Kmg cflllyriat II. 254, 
His alliance with Per/em againft 
the Romans^ ibid. Defeated by 
huam. Anicius^ ibidi 
Gentleneis, a virtue neceflary for 

a ilatefman, II. 159. 
Geometry, when iirft applied tdr 

mechanical purpoTes, II. 34J. 
G^radas a Spartan^ a iaying ofhis 

about adulteryy I« 126* 
Gerandai a Spartan^ an pblcure 
citizen, lA. what battle (lain, 
II. 316. 

pbidiaszs SL (py on Giilaot VI. >G/f:0er^c«'f^ aname taken by/7- 


(iflSu4 Ae confiil defeats, ^ party 
who bad fit^gglcd frooi Sparta- 

Cefftu^^i^ Ca^ujt the Jirft cen- 
(brs on the jicviving of t&at of- 
fice hy PQmpeyj IV. ijg. 

tellius^}ll. 2,z\. 

Ge/atae, a people 6f the G<ta// 
who fought for pay, II, 332. 
They invade //^/)>, 336. Are de- 
feated h^. Marceilus^ 338. - 

Gigist a maid of hpnour^ to Pary^ 
atij^ VL 13 U-. Waj..privy to 


I, n: IX B X 

, Ae poifiniing of Siatyray VL 

i3i« Her d-uel j^unilhm^t, 

Gl/coy a nobleman of Citrthagey 
what he faid co Hannibal^ iamd 
HannihaPs anfwer, IL 72. 
Sent by tbe Carfhaginians wjth 
an army into Sicily, II. 227. 

Glahrio^ his command decreed to 
Pompey, IV. 149, 150. 

Gfadiators, their wars againft the 
Romans^ II L 426. 

Claucias King of llUrta preferred 
Tyrrbus when an infant. III. 
58. And at twelve years of age 
1-cttored him to the throne of 
his anceftors, 59. 

dauciasy arcfolutc petfon, a friend 
' to Marius, ill. 138. Pot to 
death for hts villany, 141. 

Claucus the phyfician tii Hephajiion 
Crucified by order of Alexander^ 
IV. 318. 

Glautjtf the fon of PofymeJes be- 
Kayed himfelf gallantly in bat- 
tle, V. 15. 

G/aucust CHeopatra^s phyfician, . V. 

3"43- .. 
Glor^ gained 'by virtue is more 

' iwtellent than what flows from 

■ jiow'er, I. i^i'l To be carelefs 

of glory proceeds 'frotii impu- 

'tJence and madnefe, 11. 103, 

Glory of one's anccflors, in 

;.l4'hat manner tot be claimed by 

A defccndant, VI. 145, 146. 

That which is mott: durable to 

•be preferred, IV, ^20. 

01<)t7's but the image of vlrtae, 
' y. 125, How cftecmcd by a 
wife man, 1 26. ' How far ne- 
ceffary to a magiftrate, i6U, 
Tlie thirft after it permitted to 
young men, iM, An exorbi- 
tant third after it dangerous in 
thofe who are at the he^d of 
affairs, i6td. 

Gp^t^renium, the mother of Ffr- 
/eks, VL 19?. 

(Sfais * Mar/j, the plaCc ' from 

. whence RwmJus di&ppeared. I« 

. 69-, »'54. r 1 . 7 

GeMas the h^r ^i JrtmakJes, 

- II.' 290. • ' ^;- * 

Cod;^ ought oot to'-be' ]<«pl«feiited 
'hf images, I. 1 65 .• '* ki * w%ae 
manner to be adored, 1^8.41 as 
no manner of resemblance vWth 
w^At is htjman/IIi^^d6.^/*/i;7i- 
mbn the ^hik»fbpheiV ^ fiis motion 
of God. IV. 261. '- - 

Gods^'the fentiments m^n hni^ of 
them, II. 392. " 

Goddeft of the women, the-rao^ 
thdr oi Midas 2S\& B^tbkfj txA 
married to Faunuf^^W. 354, 
Her myfleries, ibid, '&ci *' 

Gold axidfilver money cried-down 
hy LycurguSf I. 115. 

Gold and iuver the gr^if debAticb* 
ers of mankind, V.'t27. • • 

GoBen c6ftimn where ^ftH'> the 
high- ways of Italy 'temkiate, 
VI.' 223. ' ' ' '. 

Gnmphiy' a towifi in Thtffkly; taken 
byCr/2rr, IV. 372. 

Gongylui comes from Ccrinth lo the 
affiftance of the Sjrkcujmnsy \\\. 
400. blam in battle, 401. 

Good goddefs among^ the R^h- 
mansy who (he was^ IV* 334. 

Gordidn knotj IV. 246, 247. 

Gorditu driven out of Capaikcia 
by Sylla, III. 221. 

G^rgiiasi the charadter he gave of 
Cimc/t, III. 287. 

GorgiaSf one ofEumcftei^ captains, 
IV. 42. 

Gor^idf the rhetorician, V. 456. 

Gcrgidas aflilb Pelopidas in !*efl^r- 
ihg the liberty of TMii; ih 
3 o I >. The iliiatagem he ; and 

' Prlopidai contrived to malee-cbe 
''Jthem-am and £i/tf r/«^i quarrel, 
303. ^ Fkft inftituced thi^^jfai^ed 
band, 307. A ^uk^ he com- 
mitted in letting fhtfm^£ghtdi(^ 
perfed and not in* ^mt 4ibdy, 
309:. . ' , ' ' 

Gorgn the Wife of King £^fl«idiiw, 
• ■ . w|iat 

t H fir E 3* 

ivhat was faid to her^ and Jier 

Corgeleon^ a Spmrtan co)ic\maQder, 
f.,fcilW>jpifb»rtie, 11.306,, t, , 
Grs^Mfi whs^t I was tb^ jc^ici of 

Tf^^i^' and jC***/ . Gr^chif V . 

daughter oi^Sdpi$ th^. gceat, 
1 84«< A piodigy that^JVippen^ 
ed in his famil/i f^/Vi . , . 

Graccbusf Tiifriui and G7/ms> their 

' naciual piu-ts,. V. 184./ Their 
edacattooy ^/</. ' Wherein they 
refembl^ . each other, and 
ivhac«i9. Ihey differed, 1^4, 
185* Tiberius the elder by nine 
yeaisw i86* Admitted into che 
college^ of Augursy ibid^ The 
addr«(s 9^^' to hiffi ]iy,Jppiuf 

. C/au^wh who offered.. him his 
daughter in marriage, ^^/^. He w^Av? under ^rj^'^ the 
younger, who had married his 
£fler, 187. His conr^ge, /^iV. 
He .i» cbofea qoseiior. in the 
war agaioilt the NumautinMs ^ih. 
The refpefk the Nuviotuines had 
for him* ibid. He concludes 
a peace with thorns i88. And 
obtains favpurable conditions^ 
ibid. He loles his books of ac- 
coants«- ibid* He returns to 
Numantia to deiire they might 
. be reftored to him* ibid. The 
kind entertainment he met with 
ftam the ^umimfipiff ibid^ Th^ 
prc&ats they offered him^ 1 89. 
After ^i$ return t;o Komi he is 
riepfqa<jb^. fi^r making . the 
.fK^e> iiid^ )Thea&i^ion of 
' the people to him c on that oc*- 
ca£on*; ibjd^ £le^^ tribune, 
• < 1 9/1 ^ n H0 ende^vour^ to revive 
Ihe j^#wf/«« iaw^ I9i« 192. 
This ofodemtioa and gan^lenefs 
of that law, 192. His fpeech 
in , behalf of the po^r, ibid, 

' ^ propofcs another law more 

•.fcvere to the .rich, 19 j. ;Hiaf 
J . generous offer to his coU^ue 
- * X)d^^iuss^ ^ 94* , He pu))Jiih^s ar», 
•! edidt prohibiting . the , ejcercife 
of all offices, till the law. ^ii9 
.., confirmed .or, ^rqeded, Jbid. 
Ruffians procured to murder 
him^ ibid. He^ 
. deprive Qi?«5v/^i of his tribwaef 
.. (hip, ibi/i. ,He ma(ces,the p?5);^,» 
pie confent to that deprivation^ 
195, 196., , He., endeavours . ta 
. quel the riot, ij^^. He pafies 
the law for dividing the lands, 
ibid. He niake^ Mutius one of 
his clients, tribune in the rppm 
of Odaviufi J197. Affron^i^e^. 
in the fenate. Hid. Thcf fudderi 
death of .one of his friends oc- 
. cafioosa^tumult^aoiono'.thepeo- 
, pie in ivis favour, tbid\ fie 
propofes. a law fOr diftributing 
the.njoney left by. King J/tia* 
lus^ ainongft the; people, ^98. 
^ His fpeecn to the pe9plei to 
.. juliify his proceedings agaii^ft. 
Oiiaviusy 1 99. He is continu- 
ed tribune another, year, 2^00.. 
He propofes feveral new laws 
to oblige the people, ibid^ ,He 
endeavours to. leilen the,a,utib[o« 
rity of the fenat^ ^^04,, He 
addreifes him&If to the peo- 
ple for pratedion» pretending 
ie feared his enengies would 
.murder him in the nighty r^. 
Ill omens that befcl hWi, i^id. 
A getturc of his how expjained , 
by his enen^ his prejudice, 
203. He is killed in a tumujV, 
Z04. The malice of ;he. rich 
men againil. him appeare4 in 
their cruelty to his dead .b9dy, 
ibid. Of his friends, fome 
. were .bapifaed and many flain, 


GrafcbuSf. Califs y abfent;s , frooji. 

publick alfemblies after ^ihe*^ 

.d^ath .of his brother Tiberiiis,^ 

V. 207. His difpofition, ibid'.* 


t N D e k 

, * His eloquence, VI 20^, ..Hfc 
A^fends the.caoif of hU friend 
' Feftius, ibid. T^« people tranf- . 

ported with joy to , fee Urn at 
" the bv» iiiJ, He is chofen *. 
^ Q0^3or, apd itO^ftdi the.. con- 
sul Ore/ies into Sariiima,.ib.Vi' *' 
ffrtf relates that hi^ brother ap- '". 

Bared to him in a dreai^,>r^. 
is great qualities* $if^^ The 
good effed of his perfuafions, , 
,^09. His popular* aftioosraifc 

, new jealoufies amongft the fe- ^ 

r nators, ihnf. He leaves the 
; General in $4irdima, and comes 

• to Romtf ibid. Tried for it be- 
fore the ceqfprs, ii»V« His apo- 
logy, 209, 2IO. Acquitted, 
ziOt Other a^cufations brought 

- againi^ him, of all which he 
cleared hivifelf^ z'^/i. Heilands - 
for the tribunefhip, iiid. An 
. infinite. number of people come 
fffom all parts oi ftalj to cleft 
him, ibid. He is lumed the 

.' fourth tribune in order, but . 
ibon becomes the firfl in autho- ^ 
rity, ibid. His difcourfe to the 
people, ibid. He propofes two 
laws, 211. The deiign of thofc 
laws, and againft whom they 
were levelled, ibid. He abro- 
gates the firft law for the fake 
of his mother Cormliaj ib. He 
propofes feveral laws to raife 
the authority of the people, and 
k&n that bf the fenate, 212. 
He adds three hundred of the 

T . Equeftrian order to an equal 
number of the feoators, who 
were to be judges in all caufes 
brought before them, ib. He • 
introduces thecuftoro ofturn- 
ing ' towards the people in • his 
■/ l^arangues, jbid. The change 
iBtrodiiced by it in ftate af- 
,•' fairs, 213. The prudent ad- 
vice he gave to the fenate, ibid. 
He propofes the repairing the 
high-ways and building grana- 

ries, ihid,. .Thr cln^vda ttut-jtt-i 
tended bin^ . / W^ . .^qtimdi^ 
ftaocHngliis greatv civiU^ie%. ha 

<gg^iQrj„ ikid. Hiflh ^t pf-onit- 
¥"^^!fi&' hitnfeir ii«|o ^gpoo- 
jAi'? JavGHT, 2|4^^*Hc.j5ffMrt 

^^4 ef«3s'piUaq at.%^e«if- 
t^.ce, i*hid. He gfe^hi^ fijend 

He, IS jeleflied VAftn?:^ ftpond 

iifig colonies to c^jpm^iie. fa^ 
witt/i^ and Cafmtk and that 
all the L^ttisj ihou)4 .^iy<^ the 
privileges of citi2»n| oiM^me^ 

,ibld' Sent with ;i ^^ ^^ 
Coftbaiey 21 7. ..Siifpefitcd of 
being cpncernpd JaHtjh^^i^pp^r 
of ^fifiQ /!fricafmsi*!fi3^^ He 
changef^ the^ nanie cOf Ctariiaggf 

• and calls \l yuuonia^iWsSii* Sc- 

, veral iH «piens U^t J^fel ,bim, 

ibid. He iettlesi 9fery thing, 
and returns tq fiomei^ ttfcmy 
days, 2il^. fiy^jvfaat./n^ans his 
intereft wiih tne people diedin* 
ed, ibid. 8cc He.refnoves from 
his JiQuie to be amp^g the com- 
mon people, ibid. On wHatoc- 
cafion he qaacreied with hit 
collegues, a 19.. 4h inftlcnt 
cxpreffion of hjv 'W&.sHc op- 
pofes the cbnfuV Ofimlus^ ibid. 
Guarded by the ^p^le» 221 . 
He goes out in his gpwii,' with 
only a ihort dag|Qr'-ui|der it, 
> 22di His wife^s difq^uiri^ to 
hiVEkyf.ibid, He iftirf^s.tQ D/tf- 

nc^y temple, and ^x^i^&^ to 
kill himielf but, ii' hindered, 
2,23,. He f&a^ g^vc 
consecrated to the furies,. 224. 
Slain by his flave^ who then 
killed .hisnfelf, ibrdn- ^ . His head 
cut off, ibid. His corpst.with 
about three . thoufand others, 
throvyn into the river, 225. 
His widow deprived^of her por- 


I N B 

ikib, V. 225. The rrfpca the 

' The hOnotirs paicf u) thcfr Aie- 
mdry, /W. The chief Afngs 
-• amdairt By the Gracchi, ti-j. 
' The advantages of the Gracchi 
' ab6tt iH^ zti&Cteomeniif izg. 
Th'e^j^eattft fault charged on 
the'€?h»^ri^/, zix. P/5arch'5 
jqrdgtpent upon A6fe iBui^'^teat 
- ihen,:7W, ' 

Qr9LixSi"Tkito defired XenotfflUs 
' tbfafcrffice'to'em, IH. ibd. 
i9r^/wi5fj,^6ne 6f the cotofpir^ors 

agtdnft 5>^t7f^«r/,- IV. J2. '" 

<h-amtru Jtitriw^s wife's foii *by a 

former %ofb*id, PH, ^146. "He 

^2^a'Aiip, and frets to the 

'iHe (df jStutria^ r^S. Helkiis 

. wMi Jkfarwto A/rica,yi^i. 

'<prfl«fe/;fteqa3eftot ftra«g!ed by 

• ordei- of ^i^/Zii, the day before 

5>/firt death, in. 266. 

His extreme avarice, 2J5- 
A fcandalo^js ^aiftion committed 
by him, III; 196. In WtukZ 

' manner dlfcorered, ih. Comes 

to the 2(ffiil:^nce cf the* Syracu^ 

fansy ^99. Arrives in the very 

inftant when they were going to 

cap!ralate,*\4!oo." He defeats 

Nic/as znduie Athenian f, 461. 

He tSikcs'TJltm^riiim by aflhult^ 

402. He^fufes a truce toW-^ 

cias, 412/' Touched with c©m- 

paffioh f!^ him, 413. i)e- 

mands him of the Syrticufans as 

his prifoner, but ' is refufed, 

414. Deipifed and hated; by 

them, iiidr 

Gymnofifhijhl Indian philofcpHers, 
Lycurgus*s fuppofcd conferences 
with theiii, I. 108.- Why fa 
called, iV. 309, Their con- 
versation tvilh Atexander^ 310, 


OraniUji^^thnim thle qoajftor, his Gynacea^ Or the goddefs of the 

reiblnte anfwer to Scipio^ W. 
' 3U. Kills himfefij iBiJ:- 
Crathania Ifeid to be the mother 

oiPerfeui King at Maeedon, ll. 

• -249. - ' 

Grecians^ Pbilopcmenc^Wtdi tht laft 
' of all the Gracians^ III. ^. ' 
Greece^ the magnificence* of her 

publick buildings, II.' 18. 

Greece the mofr glorious t'hfeatre 

• in the world, ifi. 34. Liber- 
ty proclaimed to all Greece by 
a cryer at the Ptbmiaii Raines, 

3^' 39- 
Greeks^ wherein their wifdoth con- 

fifted, 1. 239. Invincible when 

* united, Vl. 153. ''When firft 

imed in the Punickf^Mtt, II. 

227, 228. 

Grove confecrated to the ftiries, 
' V. 224. • 
Guras the brother kA Ti^a^s^ 

furrenders hirnfeH* to tucullus^ 

III. 351, 
Cylippusy the fon of Ckai^ridths^ 

bariiftied from Sparta^ II, 31. 

women, the mother of Mida$ 
and Bacchus^ and married to 
Faunusy IV. 334. Her my- 

fteries, iiid, &c. * 


. • * 

HAir, why worn by the ^ar-^ 
tanSy I. 136. Firft fruits 
of the hair facrificed to ^ollo^ 
I. 6. Said by Herodotus to be 

• fhaved'off Tbr grief, and. let 
grow for joy. III. 179. 

HaliCy the pfece near \yhich ?V«r«« 
was buried, V. 354. 

Mamilcar "^ni Jfdrubal, Generals 
of the Carthoginians, ' fent into 
Sitily with ah army, II. 222. 

■ Hands folded, a' niark of fervi- 

' tude in ^r»7«;/«, 111. 333. 
"^ Hannihal CQtA^i into Italyy gains 
' *' a great battle neai*71rvi/^, and 
over-runs ajl Tufcany, IV, 55. 

■ B6at s *TlamiMus the conihl,' kifis 
fifteen thoiSfand, * and takes fif- 
teen thoufaad prifoners, 58. 



4 ^ D B X. 


.- Tint ^iAf erne v9hohm 
' pradenoe ift av o ti kng ft ^battle, 
• H. 6 X . Led by his guides toO^- 
Ji$fmfiy hilieftd aiE'Cd^ihmt, 62. 
Tkv resr €f )n9 anny stciickcd 
Mud <difordei<ed- byi FaSitts, 63. 
r*ile iioligs. «He guided, i^/W. 
^ liis ilnriagefKi t^ gee ottt of a 
difadwKageods eamp, riiJ, 
« Hn wife condud in prote6)ing 
/ ^(» iftfids of FaUm^'Cy^^ De- 
feats £.«<-'«/ Mifiucius^ 6^, '69. 
- A faying of his About Fahius^ 
, 69. The good cfred of a^eft 
" ef hi«, 72, 73. His prudence 
in chufing the ground, and 

• drawing up his army foi' the 
battle at C<772«^,^7}. A faying 
of hfs when he fa>v th6 Roman 

ooavaify difmount, 74. Kills 

' fifty thoufandy and' takes four- 

(•en thoofand , pnibners, iiiJ. 

' ^ A great oveHight in him, ibid, 

. &e, "The efl«ds of hia ridory, 

. ^ 75. • His vaifi endeavours to 

, - M^re FaBiHs^ 7^. A laying 

. .««f ht9 upon that Reman, and 

' tbfe occa^on of it^ 82. His 

#b(ervation •. upon Marcelhs^ 

368* Aiiothsr/)69. Heover- 

• T«ns Italyy 3 70. The fnare he 
.. Md ibr 'Mttretiiui, 574. His 

behaviour at thd iight of his 
^arfSf 375, A fine faying of 
his, 376. . Never Wounded, 
. ^fSo. Goes to the court of 
Kitig Anti&cbttfi HI. 37. From 
tbeace retires to* Frufias King 
of Bithyniaf 50. An oracle 
ciM0rrning him, f6id. His 

^ death, and his fpeech on the 
■ iM^caiton of it, iM. J^a* Whom 

. he judged' to be- the greateft 
commanders, 51. HI. 65. His 
advice to Ar taxes King of ^/-'^ 

^ ukuiuy to buitd the city of i^- 

^. uutmia^ 349. " 
Sanno, a trivial ftratiigem jo# his 

. txi'^ikoorage the Cwtn^hiatm 

Happiffe^ the fentiments <ifSpl<m 
ami i^rifefin- coocemiiig it, I. 

ifadoia f>n5'noi<M^edtdVel£eve 
. thekMhers, L ijo. * , ' 
ti^m^^^ the cutehir goJKt^ik 6f 

Hatp, <i»hy pre^rred t6,the Aite 

by A^iSiades, If* 92, 
thtrpitius governor of S^fyhn^ ! V. 
. ^73.^ -His iifiMriity an^ ill^ht^ 

<^. Redres to ^/jl^ir; with 

all his treafure, V. 33*.' Balfti%. 

«d fhmi thence, 40©. 
Hmri^fptii the fon o^ TitthafSus^ 

kiils Arfmmes^ VI. 144. 
Head, a bjoody head found in fay-* 

ingthe foundation of the Ca^/- 

A>4 I. 356. 
Hearing, of all the fenfes, moft 

e^dualiy di^ilis dte mioid> 

III. 446. . 
Ara/; receives and eot^tain^ 7^* 

eusy li 15. 
Hical^aimiii facnfice to yupifer 
, Hecalus^ in honour of Wt^dtf 

I. 15.' 
Hecat^uSi the tyrant of the Ga/'^/- 

'«»/♦ IV, 38. 
Hitatompedon^ the Name of a tem- 

- pie at Athens, 11. 432.' 
Heduif people that appoiedC^yStr's 

maith, IV. 356. 
Hegemon, appeals to Polyperch^m, 

and the aiifwef^ he received, V, 

36. Condemned to die, I7, 38, 
Hegefias of Magnejia, an hillorian, 

a tnean and cold expreftbn of 

his; iV. 227. 
tiegf/imtta. j^rchan th'te ytis 

wherein «^^^A died, I. 24 §. 
HfgyfipyU a Tbracian^ (hd daugh- 
ter of Kiiig G/*raKf, the wife of 

Mttiiuks, and iuotber ^tGmon, 

HI. 277. 
Heifers, coniecrated t6 DsdnaFer* 

• f 

* / 

I If © « X. 

hek^HSt the (on of PyrrJ^ by S^' tke oocaTKMi of the JMttie ii) 

gos CO ailiil his father, ioi. Ci- • te« 

viilyr treated by AUy^ntM iSnd Heradijii^ ^^^9Aak2X by the 

^v«*/iMK» V*. I J. Hi»iliii- 

. to Qw^ ue^pg hifli to^iMMi 
CO tb^ aigiiapnc o(' S^^mfe^ ifZ. 
Submits m />/««» 44. Dfcu 
pArdoiK Uiiiy 4c« CaiDti«#edL 
admiral, il^id. His treachery, 
/^/y. Recoaciied tP Z>/Mr« 47. 
He impeaches Di$tit 49. He is 
xnurderedy 50, 

Hercules deftroyed moft rf ik<t 
rdbbprft of his time> I. 7, 3. 
He kills //^(^//i^i, and becomes a 
ilaveto Omphakt ibid» lo-whac 
manner he puniihed thole be 
overcame, 12, The firfl: that 
. granted the bodies of the fleiil 
to the enemy, h ^9« 40. Xni- 
tiated ih the grand myAeriea by 
the means of Tktjn^^ 41. FeU<» 
ing in Jove vvitb a aymph in 
Italy, he liad by her the firft 
Fahius^ H. ^3* A God that 
regarded qot a coward'^ oii:r- 
ings, e6i. JSitripi^4*s d^krif- 
tjon of him, jill. 279. He ije- 
verwas th^ aggre/Tor, bi^tibiod 
always tipon the defenfive, 4$. 

HercuUs, the fonoi Jkxttnde^r hy 
Barfine the. daughter of w/r/tf • 
baxui^ IV, .36* : 

Herennim^ Cams^ cited as an evi- 
dence againft Marm^ IIL 1 10« 

Herenniut defeated by Pomfey$ IV. 

Her^nnitttf a CQnturion, mivdeca 
C/V^f«» V< 461. 

HeriffidaSf a Sparta ft, the bad ef- 
feSs of his. tivarict* IV. 76* 

Hirm^t ftatnes of Msrcury at 
Atbtms^ all ^Hcept 4^ofe of >^«- 
docides defaced in ooe nigh|» ^• 
M2> 11-6. HI- 391. 

. hi^ fai^. Atiti^nuif 1031 »o4. 

helepoLs^ jpoachines ifiKaiM^ by 
Dcmtfius, V. 250. A de^i|pti- 
OB of the iargeil of thenjip 25 1 . 

//(^MrwlMn^jdued by ti^^Sjmr* 
tans, \. 103. The crael/^nd 
treacherous, beli^^ui^ 4)f the 

Spmtfin* toivards cheoiit. 144* 
. They .in#ke tvar upoo the ^r- 

/^vii^ IIL 296. 
Hepkaeflion^ his quarrel with iz/- 
. mfn^h iy* 36^ 37. With Cra* 

urusy 22 J. His .4eath, 318. 
. AU^ands/.& e/ctm^egaoi expief- 

iions of ibrrow for it, /^V. and 

II. 327. His magnificent fu- 
. nerajft ly. 348, 319, 
UslicM, ai) exicellent artift, made 

Alexander*^ belt, IV. 2^. 
HelicoB of. . Qywus fbreieU aif 

edipfe of the fun, for which he 

is.fewwded* by l>iejrjj^»Sf VI. 

19. . 

HtUanicus (ent by the Syr^cu/ims 

to Dion, VL 40« 

Helvetians (brpnze C4»/* r^ h\\X are 
defeat by htm, a id coaipelled 
to repair to the country ^y 
had deferted^ IV. 346. 

Helvia^ the mother of. Cictfrn V. 
498. . . 

fferac'ea, places U| Atbem c^afk'- 
crated by Thejkmy^ Havcftl^f^l, 

IkracUdmit entertained by the 

Athenians y I. 28. Settle in. iV- 

^/M/v{^/)IU. 206. TheKingVi' 
of Sparia .were all of tbi^t t^vnir 

ly, /^/W. , . 

Herackdes q( PmHus, an hiiloriaa* 

PlutAtfJf's iodffactii ofhie^ii. 

346, I • 

Heractides^ a npUe -^ra^^i 

youth that infulted the. At/s^- 

4ins$ Hi* 408. He w<|f ,the.^ ^#f«i«u«.4hepnefttreddfatodeathf 
. i^^e|¥ otPMcHmSf ibid. Wm HI. 326^ 
Vot. VI. Z Herminiut 

T N D :e 5C. 

ii^iiflf 'Fwr/Syrtnt, |i 4166; ' fl^rifti «h^ ptiefted of Mm^a^ 
Bf^mmick ^urf»le; 'ex^ifdikgly ordered ^by ' the Mlade^^beF re- 

the caftfe at ^-6*I^,'!FI1 -jot. ' W*,^tekdtt^prfft>i*i«Bjp^iPtf»ii^, 
^Bi^Mffkis - tteciifes i4t^i})(b of iiil- who gives his ki()gd^H!&M^/- 
-iJ nitty, tod 6fbei% £ baw3 to 9«f, iV^; 1 i6, ijr^.^ ^^-^^ vv t\ 

•^-^ *#riVM It. 43* ^^^ • ' ' Hiemp/al; YSltif xsfmtkiimhis 

^HphMfmM9i the fit)^ df MH bdiaiKotir'l^ydi:^^^ ilAt^tlkrfatoid 

. :.' C^mj's ^oncabini^. If.' H. Cethesus^ who had taktoi r^ge 

iSrmt>&^ifes, 'G^ert! tff the Syra- iii lift^cdiJrt, IIL i J«,> fjPJi^^ ^ 

* 'r;i^j^ a^feaferft ftyili^'of his Hiirt, tyrant of ^/iJj^i 1*^ fii. 

(fd e»itbur&ge his nifen, III. Defires ^rr^/mr^/toredikc^his 

lo! 4^i' ^ His ftrataj^ to deceive fj^cttlftdons in«6- priiftite;^^ It. 

^i^'!WrV/d^, 4to. Atf^eechofhis, 54».' ^ ' < ^v-- 

4«4i^^ -ft>ri», the pretended fell dft)*igr- 

*^ft«tf(«¥'irrtt;'ftt»cr-itt^fewtol>id. jr^t:$dkui,k{e&zfitW!miSt, 

^^'nyfiur^e tld^, Vf! 5. lit; 378; Tte fen^^-hi^did 

Hermocrates of Rhodes, fent into his Boafter, /^/</. -^ "? -^^^ 

^^G^ttVf %y AHa*irxes,' to cor- ^»W-<?»jfwtfi; tjWWt (rf^Jy^tt^ 

rppt the Ori?ri ddes, VI. 3:^6; Thfe Tdft^<if fekfei'^ tod 

*' ^it33V ••; grant«bnofA'^<r,«rfd/!** V» 

BermoIaus\ confp'fra<ty ^gainil A- Hi&tttfmus a Greeks fettted at €«r- 

^'^'^Je^^Ander, iV. 2gj, ri^, his advice to yoi»^ CS^m/, 

Hermon ftabs Phrpticius and is rc- HK 456^. ^ ' • 

^^arUedftrlt, fl; 123. Hieronymm the hifloriaii, '4erit* b/ 

'fli^mMs,' i iiobTcxiian trf Ath^s^ Jntig^hus^ ^th" ieiittis ^^pbanre 

' " inidtr governor dfi^/y^tf/o///, I. to Evmenes.lV. 49. Apf»6Ji&tfed 

j.i3^^ I - ;. gov^rntrt-tJfiJ^eiStoby^wiftirn*. 

/i^r/?, the Tikde af Ariftoile^ and ^ »^ Vi' 270. ■ • 

' - •' ' mother of Caihflhenes, IV. 25JS . Hi^ktritet, brother of&ihutrm the 

■^'^''^titro'dt^'JuS^ ftnds'forces to Pbalerean, takefi iind'^t^iA to 

^ Wirt ^//dm^, V, 345: ' He de- ■'cle'fitai^l)^ -^rto, y';.4«>4* - ' 

-^'"itpcs forr^>f-, 555; Hind, a white one j^eftnHia to 

'^(*i?^(fe>of A%«/^, his hiftbry, SertoinusA^ -'H- TWi^dfan- 

^tf^iiphfus;^^ advice fe pi^ the Hipparchusy tH^ firA jittHlWiP^hat 

- 4jliektdtak6the'ffitottsandfcave - WW banifhtedbf^bfteitifttti'fi. 

''■' the ilkvei;-m. "^286. ^ < ^' 389.' '^ '^^^ r^^au.ain» 

Verfilhi, the only ttarried wohian 'Bpfai-'efe, tHfe dsngltei^^^i^/^ 

• '' 'it)'fthe '&?&>}, fcik^« ty thfe'^i^. >6i/>4y^iteatHeid Jto^il»«)%^.nmt 

^ «;?^/, I. 1^7:^' S^% feMfe tD ^''^bcriig 'offended a« ^Kk«J!»itc- 

•''^Bavi1>eefe'tohiett^tbi«ii»*/xf/, ^- ^et^/kiiv^riiXtf, M. '^Z^. 

"' Ibid." ' ^'' - •' ' Hipparinus of 5y#»af««8e2»W5W&/ 

-fee^«J)^*hondtire*V!^' dfeV-^er '' iK^ t?Ha«i»iatheiwifett\^KW^ 

" ; h:8 death, K 15^; ' ^ fi^pMikAiii^ hifWPii^^yi 

*^>/f/W«w, their ctticRy to Ac jwi- 31. '^^ • ^ 



A ^ tl^ fe i. 

rims, in his infancy, ijii, cj, 

by TimeleoHj feized bv.^hefjuha- 

,^,C|fc9pe,^i»gGd9 ftUd p9t to 

Hippohotre, a p^Qpleibcalde^ afQpng 
t\^\GMf^^^st ILf 3 iv. . . 

Hipp9cksi\ Xhi^S^ih^T .s^{:^0}^kfaSi 
, IL,^9«- _ .. . ,. ..\. -^• 
BippoptaUs^ . Gorewio? of Chake- 
ion,\ ilain by Akibiadei., il. 

UippffMih ^,SyrA<fi/bn Gene- 
ral, II. 347, Defeated by Af^r- 

Sipp9(r^9f9 the.^/^effr4?ir<jef\eral 
^ . defeai^r .^ J>eiHum ^ ia Be^tia. 

III. 379. . 

Jf^fto/ym i^ Jim^Kony ^ pillar 

erede^ ^. her honppr, L 1 37. 
Hippfiyt%ff%\i^ foci of Tk^^ the 

oalamkie^ that *befel him, I. 

Hippolytus the Sitysmoffy beloved 

hy.jfollff, I. 15B, . 
Hippm^bm the wrefUer, VI, 4. 
Hipfsmsdon^ coniin of ^/V, a 

youth of great wputatioo, V. 

130. Saves his father ^ffi" 
. iiui from the xefentmeat of die 
• pcoplf,S38. 
Hippo, a, popular peribn amongft 

fhe Syr^cuJims, propofes a «- 

viiioa-o^ lands, VI. 36. 
Hipponkusy SoUn ceindTufed. on his 

' ffippApieftSf the father of Qa^ias, 
furnamed tJ^e Rich, ILv 33. 
JOciiiabes gave him a bq^c on-ik^t 

. -ear ^iiJKmt pirov9catioA»\,98. 
M^ Bati|DaMiigfati3fa£iiQn,Jbu^gave 
Wm ^hjs dai^tec tiipparjitf in 
iiiajraage,, i^^f. • ., .'. 

,/%€^^**'r a fwend^lQ i?f /<?//- 
; 2^4i!s.ent^rpfize^ but (iinoipiif , 
II. ^96. - / • '" . \ '. 

^■•-•.v- Z 

. Wa gq?at co#^ yt I7t, 
ffirtWr'^diP^ft^^. AeCoafiib, 
., ^flefea^ 4^ff^^,v,4)ai 4»«ntboih 

"flain yj battle, yi;303|J, • :. 
Hiftit^fA^, .bw.wy> .VI. 36«T\'. 
Hiiloiy, j.^He .^(^f^ftiojfy ^i>an- 

cieiit l^iftorjv I* *» H* . i* 
JJiftory of, 4he JKfjW^/ bttt?j«|(c 

time ofCamiHi^, ft 345, -.^he 

., 4iffi<fj^lty}pif jpfaci^g owt thetpflHh 

froi^ hi^ocy, I|,. ai2i. T^g ufe 

.of hiftofy,. 349, a4K«4Elle 

difFerepce Jpteiwcen^writinghif- 

toryaadUvcs,.J(V^a*4> ti^s- 
Hiilory,; materials jiecef{hF)if^ for 

writiiig o^e, how, and ^ere 

to be gathered, V. 376* ^ 
Hobby-horfe, ,4i^^^ riding v^n 

one amongiihi^ chjjfcdrea^ .vIV* 

94- • . 

Holy Cornel- tree^ fabuIoiiSi ac- 
count of it, J, 79, 

Holy fire, how to be lightctd if 
extinguiihe^^ I. i$g. „ . • < 

Holy-iHand at Rme, hqw ,£ril 
pnadej, 255.. . ; 

Holy mount near Rome, II. 148. 

Holy- water placed 9X die ^te.of 

, Apalioh temple ztRom^y jMr^S i • 

Holy Women that attended the 
Germafi ^rna^y, IV. 347* 

Horner^ Works by whom prefer- 
ved, I. 1 07. LycMTgus's opinion 
of Homefs works^ . iiid, "Till 
his time they were not. collec- 
ted and formed into onp . b(>^» 
ibid. His opinion of the di-* 
vlneinfiuqice on men explained 
aiid/ju^^d^ ' It *79». ^^o- 
The peculiar eKcellence ofl his 
y^xks. , .V34. ': ' Accdrding; to 
^<W0er the fnolt yaisant , oj^ght 
to be ^[beff armed/ 2?8V, A 

465. Said to nave been ^rn 

.;,at Jqs^ aiid S9 i»ve die^ ^at 

Smyrna, " I V*. . ' 4. Where his 

Efyli^n .j6Aisi JATC, 12. Bi» 

2 foem^ 

I' N 9 1^ X 

jilixander,lV. 233, 258. >^^Ar- Houfes, the excemye . ^cigbL of 
W^'J^*: copX'rf Ac ,////fl^ coi^ .. . them at ilc«jf^,jii|?otofl^aJj^qg^ 


HomoloicbuSf and Anq^iJ^tnfm^ in- 

.r^Jb^W^^ of Cbi^^ne^ their 

.ji.gfeatifrv3cef.toi^4/^,,IlI^ ^i. 

Honey, the beit is ^r(fdu(:ed in 

(Hqn^ qopunonly u^d for em- 

l]HlAn^TS>.^c^^^<&'^^tpire^ they 
have on diiFerent perfoDs, IF. 

--H I46t,439' The d^ippiition ne- 

ceflary for obtaini^ig, honours 

V,,. ft^mthe people, II- i94. Whe- 

t, , thi^ honours, change mens man- 

^unia^ fagrifices were ib n\i^ti;pies 
bffere<l,6cfore a balder il.,,5.1 !• 
^Ii^naAiry recQ|«iin^4?<J^ Uv44?.- 

Huibandry, encouraging it |s..the 
readied way to pro^cp pf^c«^ 

- I. 181.. T. 

Hya^niiMS' beloved by jfymo^ L 
1^8* ijisfcftival, Ij.,^99, 

^5'^^^ beileged by JV/V/<w, lILj^j. 

^hrea^^ s|gent from tjie/^i?;?; ci- 
ties, his bold reina^{(ra^c;6 to 

Hyccaraj demolifhed by, NtdaSf 
lU. 395, 

, inerai, 259. 

Upnoratufy Jvf>Dmuf^ the firH of the 

tribunes, his fpeech 10 the peo- Hydaf^ts^'z, rivei:, J7<f:r4wr>/fr^.,paf- 

. ypl^, VJ*2I>. . 

ihplitay the foldiers at -<i//ife</r/ fo 

-cai^ei^, I. 23 1 • 
SopliieAr the place near which 

Lyfander was.flain, HI. 313. 
.^^^a,. what he fa^ on the fiir- 
jiofiPW* of ,Lucullu^\ houfe. III. ' Hyferbaias General of the Ach 

3D0. , ; • 47»j, V. I C7* . ,, ,,' 

,Jj^ffitm C^cles^ .w^ fo called, I. HjferiJus hia cbaradler, 11. 103. 
^),,.z^a A galai^t a£lion of his, ^hathe did to draw the fen- 
l ihid^ JIow rew^ed for it by tence of Oflracifm upon hi* 

the Romanu ibid. 

f^g^ over it^,iy. 393: 
Hyllus^ the father of CUodg^^ III. 

Hyfatfik, a fwend to X^mti^as's 
. p^ty, I J. 300^ j(CHlipflJ)y Pi' 
lop/das f 301. 


J^ories ; the Beih of dead hories 
breeds wafps, VI. 181. 

JH^rfe always fent by the oriental 
Princes to iheir favourites, IV. 

. .i,6o,^». - • • - 

, .Hprfe turned loofe hyPaulus Emi^ 
, li^^s tooccaiion the enemy to 
. begin the £ghtv. II* z6o. 
Ho^tefifius, marches to reinforce 
^, Sjiia in Bceoti^^ III. z^j* pne 
,. of 5y/i»'s lieutenants 241. 
JSbHif!jus flain by or<^ei^ of 4»/<?^ 

on his brother s.tooab, V, ^06. 
Uortenjius the.praptbr ,cfeUvmj up 

Macedon to Bruti^i^ VK 79. 

ffofiilfuf{\sdn in dje bat^le/Betw^en 
.. Romulus and Tatiutr I. ,;?;$» . 

J^pftcfi ' of ,#^^WiheCi ^uftake 

. own head, ,393. Wlxy the laft 
. that, ever felf under that fen- 

tence. III. 389. 
Hypetboreanst a nor^ern people^ 

Ifypertdeis the o/ator, his .^^iqpfe to 

the jpbmam^ V.\ 1 3 '. , .1 ^Thc 

quellipn he put to Phqckn^ and 

^ P^W<?«*s 'reply, 24,, 25.;.'/ Put 

to de^^ hy Aratwj^i^giwst^ 

V. 4P4. . . ;;;, 

H^j^ratia^ the cpncubme'oCMr- 
, ^hridgifs^ her couragCftincl. fer- 

jr ;;»^i^pfi .to- tbat .Piinc5,7V.;,i57. 


) 3rtJ 

1\4chus carried in &procd$^n ir 

feilival, V, 29. 


r N r> n' 3S 

yhlM, Ac ftonr of hiAl^'tiaiftt^ 

JhriW'^ andcnt DeoH^i'J or 

King, I. 186. His teniTiw at 

' 'kbih^^^t tempfe of ^i^ir"''mi. 

}Muf}Kitng of mmmalii'Jjf^ka, 
taken prifoner by Ft>Mfe% who 

' ' g^vc hfc* kingdom x&Wemp/tii, 
fV, 126, 127. ' ' '. 

ya/on a comedian in the ^Partxfian 

' codh, HI. 460. The afe to 

Wi&li he put the head of Cra/'^ 

■"/us,- ^6i, ' 

^ieyid (the King of) prefented 
Fampey with a bedftead, table, 
and chair of ftate, all of gold, 
iV; i6b, i6t. 

Jhertunsy a warlike people inhabit- 
ing about mount C«irf/r^/, IV. 
156. Defeated by Bttnfey^ 
'157.^ ' *' ' '' 

JfyrtiuSf governor of Armhofia^ 
Jnti^onm ddivered up thei^^- 
rafpfdet to bepttuiflted by' him, 
IV. 160. 

iciliisy ii freed man fSiQ«dhd\ ar- 
rives from Rome at Colohia in 
Spain in fcven days, VI. ;205. 
Giieatl/ honoured by Gal6a, 

icttes Prt'iice of the Li^ntlheidhtoCen 
General by the Syra^u/tim; II. 
196. His views, ' 197; His 

* fe^fs to' the Cvriathiani, 202. 
Defeats Dion^us, 20jf. 'His 
capti6us pfOpoiltiohs X&fimoihn^ 

'" W.^ |iis fear of Kim; 206. 

. ^' He Is' defeated -by him, 1207. 
' Sends two afTaffins to Adranum 

•*' ' td muirdcr Tmolien^ 21 J. Who 

Ihhnetmonitnti E^ptfon tuimrf; W-' 
• 2*70 -• > -• * 

TaitiUSf ^Ttd iTtiiUcr^s theiwork- 

men iAklI buih the FdnkiHon zX 

' Ath^'ny, Hv^^zo. - ^^' ^'^'^ 

Iddy tht'DAffyii of r^^'ida, 

' what' fort ^ of priefts they -^re, 

" h't'f^yv:- "-''' 

Idlenefs punifhed at Mefth'f:'^xo. 

fdomeriufy ■k' dlfe?pjie of' Epdii^Jk, 
his calumiyy* againft PeritW re- 
futed hy PHttarch.U.m'^Am 

' zgzinR'P^btid'ri, V. 7. ^ '-' ♦ 

Idrietts the Cariait^ Agefiiai^^s let- 
ter tof him, JV. 79. '^ 

JealoufyhoW provided agftintl by 
Lycttrgtts^, 1. 125. Jealotff^ of 
the Perfiaruj I. 312. Vf. J^o. 

Jerufalem taken by Potnpey^ IV, 
162. N. 

Ignatus^ one of Crflj^V- lieute- 
nants, efcapes with three hun- 
dred men to Carrie, HI. 455". 
JulUy condemned for that a'dli- 
on, ihid.. 

Ignorance inpnemtes, fometime^ 

' more to be feared thlin^ their 
numbers, IV. 109, 

Ilia, Rhea, oi" 5y^r/T»,'the TiJftnc 
of -ATir^/V^'s daughter, th^ mo- 
ther of -Rmuhts and Rtrhm, I, 

53. • • • ^" '''' . 

Ilia one of the wives of Sjffa,/tlL 

225. ' • . ' ■"^ 

llfcitts, a place at Rti>ne; fh^n 
whence named, I. 1^0. ' 

Images of God forbidden hf Py» 
thagoras and Nama', nor were 
any fufftred ih the temples at 
Rome for i$o years, L' tSc, 
166. ^ - 

i^ preferved by a wotiderfdl in- Images or phantafms of Z>rtwdm- 

' MthX.'ihid. leetes reduced to /«/, -IJ.. 241. The iofagca 

'a' private life, 221.= He'reldpfes ' whereW^h'the mind Ought to 

^nd rtiters into a ittagtie Vith belilkdi VArV. ' 

the Carthaginiansy 21 j. De- Immortafity of the foul aflfertcd, 

feated and put to death, 250. f. ^i. * 

His whole family puniihe^d for Tmprecatiotis, tjie opinion the Ro^ 

' h^ traelties tq that.'of i>^»9 tnans nad of imprecations and 

231. VI. ^4. ''-■ '■ A • tiidfe that? Wed them. 111. 437. 

Z } lacoib* 

' ♦ # I 

' . mjes tie, end Ot. fpeaking, as what ^I^j.aon f wife faidriqj'^cu 

nerat«>ri* I. i«. > tomans^ theiF way pF «vmg« cx- 

fnMansipvvt^, Ibrpa^^fuch Fi;?nces penfiye ^d kxurou?, I>^39. 

Their converfatioii .'vath ^/ft*- . Chief of ^he.colony^jiatpafled 

"i^f. 31P, 3M^ ^^ .: ' i'^^^ 4^^ Ibid, m griom 

Infamy,. the"£ea^9f« the. ruio of ^, ol>fp-ved b.y th^ ^^«*/i?/p,,,J^^ 

" t'he Gr^jcffe, V. I27[,,;, fcendapts, r>/V. . ., , . .,^ 

Tnferaal' G^d?i., AaV*^^ ^^* ^^ 5^^* "^^^ fudden difcompoies the 

^^^fecHcc , tp ihmj;, who . parted mi^dr more th^, fe^ ^%^- 

JnimitahU t<m}&iy, ^ffKiCty fo IphtcraUs^ a comparUgij <M,hi8, 

*/^,*^hat fl^e fufi:ere<^;.fro,m the JJpW^/^/ lieptewt of ^^^ 

*^ 'Miosjy of 2y»^'r^F^fehtea in .. . agaujftt^ic,J^ 

' :^ Sacrifice >y* the ^iw^J?i/, I. IpHm i^MM^nufe^^^^ 

7'Bi ' :, /.;.^.; nn ;«^ .//^^/^^riv^fiflthtj timef ^^^^^^ 

a mpderjati^;pf;t^^i|eT,. but ., d^r^pg th^ c^Bempfti^ %f. the 

}n/fBruins^,^ .a " p^QP^^ /inhabiting ther ol J/calis, I V. j 2, 

' ' near'tfee '4lfs^% ^'s?. ' /r^awaiting-womanoftT^p/fl^ra's, 

Lat^pTeteT-ta tfe in^^^ngers of ,, Y^>fH>-d 'P<WiH^ at .Op^ 
ttefcpgof/*<?7?^,putto^eath ^/r^'sL/^t, 567^ . .... 

' l>y f i6^»ip;^tfc^apd.vybyi 1. 288, /r^«j and Mell-hen^ a^ ^4infjf», who 

Jnteri-igDum, o^ ilti^Jlo^^ns, after they^ ^rc* J, l.?9- ,A^ • . 

'thedmhof.'j^tf/w»/irj, howfct- Jfonm,piipy.,ia,,%r/^, and none 

" . tled,:.l. KB, , >- : fjlfecurreni, L 115. Hardened 

Uaus tieloved by tt^rcuhs, IJ. 20?. . b»y J^li^jjuf nch«,d in,>mfipr, 

. heaccompa^ied #W«^-^i ia all ... MJ$f v ..; .i,,ii!y -.^v^.^^ 

' hii labours, whjenc^ aroft the 7^</tfj, the fonof P'&at^lj^^^j9^|s »^. 

, ..jfiufto^ior.lovps'tofwear ii^vi- . i^^jok valouri^ ^Y-; .,*P5,V'^v*^" 

. .^ ' of^l'^Vf^th on hisj jtpmb, /foi/, perfon jfc<j;ribe4 ihidv. vHow 

iJS, one of the fons of'Jtflipaur, ..... .i^y^^j^rd^d, ai^d W iftpe^^.X-J/V. 

_chiefiCi«i-te^^^f...Jff.#'^^^^''' ■^'''' i)mo/^f«^/s t^i^or^fifelo* 

.;;co{iii/.%.,J.t ,;, - .. .^y to ^q^fynot Pen^ 

• to Per/ei4s, 11.^69. v \ 


» -1 J. 

IV. 332/ H0 oppojfes the , ^ ^ ^_- 

fending pcrfons from C^Ar to 'fonbnate capt'ivfe^ 383.' ^'Mar- 

* >^)^ to treat of a peace,' 366, ric;,s QUofatra the daugfiter pf 

^67, ' Ca/ar declared him joim Antony '^iA Ckofiifra, VT^bg. 

"'tonfui With him, £^/</. ' ' Juguriha, delivered to ' SyM by 

m^^rns, fte Admiral of Mthri^ Bcccbus, |1L 115. Hisch^a^- 

^ W^l/^i*s fleet, killed; III. 319: ' ' ter, Mp: , Thr6)vri into a duii. 

Jfii, tleofatra dreffed in the hjibit ge6n;'an«Jhis faying thferr%n, 

. of tljat Goddefs, V. 53^. ' ibid, Hts hiftory re^referited 

^J^us^ \ Corinthian captam under in twenty, golden rtatues erecled 

^rimoUon, ri. 2i». ;' ; ' , in the Capitol,. 142. ^ ; ! 

liian^, AtUntick, I. i3;S*;- Julia, Julius Ca/ar'i aunt,' iiar- 

Jfland in the f /*^f,. h'iw madCt ried to Mariur^ Ifl. 1 1 1 . "per 

""ciled ihe Holy ifidndy and /Atf funeral bratioij made by fi^r, 

7/&«^ betnmtn t^VQ Bridges^ I. IV. 129. ', "' 

, ^.-' '. ^ = ^ ' -^^//^^ the daughter of C%/^«^;Ker 

tflancis, the Fortunate" Iflands, or affsdlion for her hufl^nd'A/w*. 

Homr\ Ehfiutk, d^fcrib^d, IV. tty, W. 1 80, 181. foVa in 

' xi^ 12:?^'' • ^ ^ ' • Childbed, iSr,. '"';'^ 

tfihimail^vck And^ociidtf anA P^- 7^//^' ^AnUnyH mother, m^ied 

&//yfl>,to form a party ill T/&^^«, to C^r«. L«?/»/aj, VJzS 8. , 

*' Ii;\293'.' By whon^ bppofed, 7«//^^ the'dkug^teir'of ^«/p^fc/fjrx, 

■ y^k- Carried priforti^t- to Z,«- iparrijfed to yST^i^/^, V. M. 

d^mqn2sxdi xs^yoi^trt^^ itid\ ^ 'y«//aj FfocUlusy ih what'^^ner 

*ljnenias^ a }^-5«^«« Generaf, taken he preiren]ce4 a civil war^feady 

priforierby^/^jt^W/frAe tyrant " to break biit at iJ^»^ upbtf?nc 

of Pher^Cy 11. 3^19. Relfeafed * death of Romulus ^ f. jjo. ^ 

by EpamindndiVf 321.' . 7«//«i Atttcus^' sl Coldi^t'W the 

j/mnias the ^ muficiaii. In ' what .euards, boafts that he 'hadJSlled 

manner he inftrufted his fchola^s, 0/^<?, VI. 224. His bold 'ifc* 

V. 233. ;" ply to 6^/i^^^ 225. ' ' ^^ 

''j/memas the Theban, his^ean be- ^Julius Marfialis, cdmmatj^er'bf a 

' havipur in the coojrt 6f ^i^«*"«' Pratorian cohort v/ti^n ptbo 

erxes, VI. !35. " ' " :" ' was prodirfne(?, Vf. 224^'^ 

Jfidife the daughter of 'J?af*///«i.- Junius Bruf us C^e of the MVTH^ 

' Wa/,^a4d^ wife to' Ctmbnf III. ' ' bunes. If. 140. StiTOd'ttp the 

" ^79- ^^ ' *' ' ^' ' ■ people againft the ConluBj. ly. 

7/fWtf'igat(i*fs,>tJath^,T. 33. 327. 

r/N J DOB '^^±:i 

^htti inbuilt ly IC!#«j ^r/jf^AteJ, 

''A^, th^ hvf^iA of tnat 'n^lite, 
J^Hr cJofnp^ a ihs'ofti-proft nation 

idlfed^I, 71, I^r339, 34Q. 
5^^r AiVd Mercury thfe TerrefiriaU 

jiif{iSir Ammbk^ Alexander goes to 
' 3**fit hfe tem^e, tV; if^p? 
^pifTer'0[ymfiitfs,' his ttmpic, the 
*"-0aly' one iefirunfiitifXecf by the 

Jitfiitr OfymM'uj, his temiple near 

•4i5i>ftf<?i<7^, III. 596. . 
yu^ikr;^p^ ^freft^iM fitting on 

^hfe'-thr6ne by Jinaxarchus, IV, 

7a)J/Y>^ the warrior; IIL 6 x . 
Jtift,'^ tStl^ gfvefitb Wifi'ides, II. 

'Jtjftjc^; no 'Virttte^,^ the honour 
" ^'Wiiireof procures a fiian fo much 

^Wrivy, V. 8i, «5. 
lV^^%:hrf Laiirei, with which the 

'^Jft^^rM/ii'dccked their tents, II. 

JxIo^Hhe fighifkjwioiihdf the fable 
^^diL^hirig birtf V. ^125. 

. • r . ' t^ 

4 • 1 

1^ Aleftdar refomw^d by iV«^^«, 
|V I. T 85, fifi:, By C>^r, IV. 

Jlings, why called ^iir^/ by the 

^^m^?^/, - r. '45 . ' Thi^ tf'iie ch^- 

til&bi"' 6? i' Kitip ^ Wnd What 

ought to ^ his principal 'care, 

(ti^^epded fromHrrctfUi^ to?. 

llief t»d'¥l«%yi^{tw#3|Bfe|rtt 
4paf^', loSj ^ i£c, ■ ^ J » v^*.\ ^ -x^i? 
^htp'^Ptrfit/hon6o}c^6 tLid-^nA^ 
(hipped as theitif^e'^h<lS^ 

greatefl hoooar theycoiil<f io^ 

tfer^«i'iijif#nV'5*6. r«fj. Whduey -^ 

aitd b^ Whom crOlv0Qi);'^'V%; 

'^6- ^very " woman a ^edd 'J0f 

coiWilrv;'l¥*'5^!5. 1 
King^: ft V(^s a very aiiciettt bpi^ 
nidn'that (i^t Kings coold 'i:«ire 
c<^ftaMi iJtaladies by touching, 

ml 50. - 

King» ctSfdh^f their aterffon to 
the i?//^e^;^i and Senate, IV; 69. 
When in town, the Kifigb dl- 
wifys^4ilhed cogetllcp/ 8^. ' 

Kinl; of Kingfs, a title whmtathe 
^King of Patflfna, fcV\ 162. ii^- 
fB^/r?*j aftittied-thfe lame title, 

V* ■255. . '/V ^ ' 

King I the title of Kjng^^i^ined 
by the'f^ceflTors of Alexundtt^, 
Vr248. That additional ho- 
nour changed their nmures, /^f^. 

The name of King dreaded hy 
the Romans, 'V, 249. 

KingSj the. fruits of their fdeiid- 
fhipi Vf. tgy." 

Knife : the ancient Greeks aied to 
h^^ve a knife hang by their 
fWbrd, I. 13. N. " . 

Knot. Gprdian knot Cut by ^ix- 
aWgr, IV. 1461 247. 1^.- '•• 

K«w fh filf^ a divine preqept, 
•-V-'377» ' '^" 

J /' 


'yjflfn^entered into tjbeakfi^l* 

JU^ 'fa«y againft Cdsfa^i VLf!6^* 

'Li^i^^nanl to B^ktuty lo^/.. 

2^^/if)Mrj'forfake5 Cafar^ tand goes 

'0J<«er> tdfiiPd?/»/^, iV. 295*^3'64. 

'He t^kes an oath not to qidc the 

' i^llle Hill he had piit'the^eheid\y 

i^«fr flight ioo. 'Wtene^'s 



IN D Ev^x:> 

gurtnesj IV. J4^- iSlw. ^Hi 

i^^&diiimniitts ftad eiol^iiiil^s. to 

136. The . only- 1 pep^f)^* %o 
Wfhow war gave r^pqfe, 157. 
. j>itit ^}efore ^n- ^ngag^fnofiMb^r 

. King fucrificed a gpata t«W. 
And their muilcians plz^^d^tbe 
tinw-of the hyaw. to :Ca^cr^ 
ibidv I ill, tottk. th« . King 
Jiadr aJv^2y>s. fig^t*"^ "fey Wfi fi^c^c 
fome b^ave'iihan> who hftd CQ«e 

» <)iF>t:oiN}«epor • in tfc© X>iypififA 
|rBracr»' ?fcM VV4iar a Laf^d^e- 
iwdw//wr.! feid wh«n iki? iaw. an 
Athtnian who had beeq p)3«iihed 

* foriSilienflrsv IS9« ' 'J'h«J« main- 
tained ' thdoifeii^fes^ ^\ the; hpad 
of all Greece for five hundred 
yeara^ together,. i'47. TWy re- 
ward'iWv^^/Wwforvaloory and 
. ^^fiw/J/f<?f/r/ibrwifdomsand «0n- 
duft; 303. They pr/Opofe 00' 
exclude from the cQandl pf the 
AmphfySt^m^ tdse reprdfcyitatiiviss 
of thofe cities, that )had,4iot 
fought agamft Xermf\ '5^6. 
They endeavour to advance 
Cimon, that he nught iw^XSke- 
mificciesf 307. « They cro(s ifee 
defignsofP^/zV/^j, 11, ay^Tbey 
fine Pleiftonax their King, and 
for what, 30. They invade the 
Athenian territories, 44. They 
likake a|>eaffl wtth^ the Btf^ttioK 
and deliversupPuM^/i^^lo^th 
AfJi^iafiull'' iC4*r. Ijbi^. of 

. £cirs ' of . < th«i f ambaHkdor^ •' aC^ 

, ^;f ^^?r(^ Tcjeiled Jiyp ih^j C|3)i|tri- 
^dijitt of Alcilfiadep^ i>05i i^6. 
They 4vere: tftcintit^ .(0 ,d9«io- 
^acy, .1 24. . Whatvtheyi0fteft9ed 

Blamed for , 4utfaonzi<ig^ ^i^ 
terpriv, mid a^hie^ ^.tiiRA>c 

their officers who comDUHid^ 
the , garrifon, in\ (7<Bf^ .sfl^^x 
'i;i\ey/wr(^<i^,,rtc\ ^9^ §i^ 
are pufyg^e4 ior Jv joy^, T3|c 
Z/zfW<?fa««wfAv'«njtejr. i&a?f^ 
with .^ .ppwei;(i4 ^ 9^9^ n303^V 
They are defi^aced by ^ f^- 
bans xxndtx Pelopidasy 307 . ,Xi?f y 
.conjii\ye ,v^he:.w;r ^^nft^.^tipi- 

Thchansf : 3 1 Q. Tlie trnofl j^^- 
pert io wajfiof aJh;ih?.yC;^^, 
312. Defeated by ^pam'^^'i^ 
and Peipi^i^f^ 3^hy:. Tfe^M' 
ofier to the Afheaii^is^j^t^ei^j!^ 
their clofing ,vvith MarJp^iif^ 

.398. NoJ-veiy p5^e;ti^^f^^gft)s, 
412. Their .^ inhu;aan .:4e^ee 
agaijBL&.the Aileuian^ [lL.j,ii^* 
'i heir refpeft fon CV///pj?,,^,^54. 
The^iffroAl ^h(By,g^vp,tfce 4«*<a' 
/rm«/, 297.. X^ieirauvb^fladois 
. how deceived hyAtdbiatlej,^^, 
Beat at I^tudm ,by tho;?7-^AiiJ^- 

.IV. 95^. The\r M^^mf^^] 
on that defeat, 97, 98. Their 
anfwer tp!ihe.ajp[i^f^a^<9irs ofj^j 

,€l)^ wid j>^4?«W4f>i?jq9v«Trh|^ir 
unjuii orders:J^^^i?/V/^ih^. 
A v,TOf)g..i?rinciple , pfp<?i^ff4» 

. by thein,.:^;^f.>r,ri;^r-ft'<fmjfe 

aboat the oracle relating 4^ a 
■Jame Kjjjgj. , 98^,, -9^9^ u^fk^^- 
had notbeeQr^.|jnei}])fiip^Aeir 
country for the ipace of fix 
hundred years^' 100. Their 
moderation in their greateA at- 
duevementSflf ^lv The^r^reai 
JQy oi?i;,ttq fuQcefft 9f I •^. 
chidamusy 103, l^c. fi;9ra 
>vh^ce t^ imight , dale jAeif/ 
-^orrm|>fjo9fl,l V. ,1259. .Jj^i^r 
.g^^ati4teferexw;^l tO; tj^jir, .>y^ves, 

hM^dftmonius^^^ Qn^qf the,fon^ of 

Xr 5^fI BT E< X 

J^tmUmi^ dUbatiMll^ Cta$fXig, l^mA/fmi named qnf ^fi&lMtfe- 

';45^ . . UM i^««lf(»gaiaft>>/fe,li^^J9o, 

Jbi^i^NW aii>iiibfp«i in if#^ His charaAer, 394- Jst^is-^o-' 

264. He quits the plw»ia65. .Yefj^y wad<;.l|ifl^i:^^fp|pg^i 

tmkbutPt the. fathur ^ EmcUn V* /^^^ A i fcewr. /feWi€<iv.^an 

*■ yff." -W«^/i3^5, Hip tai^fi^^gpi- 

his rpeech to CiMT^Ji, aod OW»'s of iV/V/V?/ had given ^p^^ to 

iiUB ^ friend'Of. GW^Vs^ VI». 2.24. ; hmn 39^; ti&, siidtj^^^^fftei 

Murdered, Ji26w i . wi.thev^i ^/e;?!^!^ .fg^t j^nd. > jkill 

JLbroida divided by^ i>y<Hrgw ioto . , ea^ i^thc^FiV^V. , /, , ^. 

thirty thoa(and- (h^cQs, U \ i^. Lamachus^ -the .fophi^, hi^ p^e- 

^sr<nra(9v Ia«F» itiktftS^n^ed Mioagft . . gy;aic open Pkirl^p ^ 4^^fM^ 

X^t RopmnSf^l. . <^r„y. 3S4, ^^^^ . ,t 

tf isrDmci-4aip, l.U i4« ■ Lamb, yeaned with a head Aaped 

gjadfpiiaif M ti|plcmmne« and the and coloured likq^TJ9;i|i|,,iV;. 

> ?occa(km of iw IL 39i» ; • ^99- j.i , j. j 

BtKhuidas mxbfo ^fi^tfcles, IF. /^««mi>, a celehated bea^» ta)cen 

48. prifon^T by ^i»aj^/f4„jv'^Q/ell 

^amatsJas, hia.aiivi^ to 4^^- . in love, with her, ^f^ ^(^^,^Xh? 

■ . latisr UA.2ifM : ' oagnificei^fupp^fPi^p^^ljV^ecl 

£rf»£r//^aa«rator«)V* 404. ' - for ) Z)<wr^/*^, 25;?,^,,;, palled 

ihffibui accounted huppy in never Hekpojis, and w}ijr,\ifi9^j , Her 

^^')iar*ng^W>wnibuftQ|\e woman, plyeiftion to tjx^; /entfi^cc;, 9^ 

V. 48. jRqccbpri§ an •4^^'ff»,jiq4ge, 

Ja^ns:€. wiyv ftr«4in^ /^ ^i/?> ?58.. _ j , 

^^* ;V;:i9>l.i [ ♦ ' ' Laiii^^ the bply hm^ iifi Jtbem^ 

Jk^lifi»;(^^\xi di%u|ie from Lepi- / &;c%. How to be.jelundled ia 

-f c^i«j/« •ca^l<»^«o.•aavife w/«/«^ to cafe it went oui:, Jt- 168, 169. 

L/ena PopiUus^ his difcporfmg with an/d .mother pf -rf^V, . ly. 6(4. 

^{tC^ij^' iwfrifiedstlkp conipira- ZtiSR^^^ianiou^ diyiijeff prcdiC' 

tors, VI. 70. , tiQa.<if his, II. 9, 10^ . . , 

^Za^nui iheccmfojl* recalled from Lf^omus the tucanian, . lieate-* 

r). ,«&f</^y n. ft^7- His.rcfolute ^lasfXto tel^ms^ ,l]l,z^^^.y^ 

i( afawfor itP /J>^rA4«» III- 76. limpri^j gr^ofL'{i|^r to ,?/»• 
,t elBefcatcfd by Pjtrkf^st 78. ^ ,<^?:^4' V. J12.... ^./^ .,^. 

Z«i/ the famous courtezan, iaid to l,am/>/acus, a .citygi^fig ta,^^- 

^^ be Ihd daygh<« oiiTzmoJuirf, ,, mt^c/es by the; f^(yjp|^i joi^a^ 

i .^/di^/W<pjV^iftr«Ay ij. 14*- Wsmwtenancf J,^2v.viT^ 

1 When veryc yflqng, (he. was ham^ruf^ "or the .ay^fliy,^.;?^^^ 

> .iakcnati%wf^^,byJVj«k/«f,and . given to one o^.thp Pipl^is^ 

-:i.[feSd .amon|jft pfl^r : paptives, ;. ;ll. .154^ \^ -^i^i^^'-l 

Ili. 395. .- i > • vJ^f^e ^fi® daygjitpr pf^ i^^«A, 

f)Likt4:Alhaih ^ r^rfc3We A<?ry ^»«1 wife of the ^]d^xj^yribus, 

.r;:'iQncter»j»^it>.»rI,(S%5,..r/ -; '/ .wd -founder ,pC,f^e^^/'?f'^^ 
JtUkeiiZjKf4?^'^K. the ;wj^tef pf it Hi. 57. ;;'; ' 

fometimes fweet and foj^etimes ,taf\^Jfa*- the 4f ^%}^er jpf w^a/^9- 

01 * rjrrbus. 


Pyf^uh UL €6» She Ui^t¥t9 I<»m»*'ar^eriiuiie. belonging 

' Fyrrhus and m2Ln}€$> Demifikts, 
«7, 68, ' '5- ? 

granejWikvalty^' III. 344* '^ 
Eang^ge. Laccnick' i&nguage» 

I. 132. 

Xanguagc, the 6mfi audently 
mtich hiixt virnh the Itf//»,' I. 
163. !I. 339. Dilfictolt t6 k^ow 
wherein the beau tied' -t)f'<af "^hn- 
guage cohilff, V. 377. "^ " 

Ladditty htx pidlure paiMed in 
the porch at Athem^ Ul 278, 

Vttomtdm'' reftiiing Hercules the 
horfes he had promifed him 

• was Ae cau(e of 7V<?^'s' being 
the lirft tithe taken, IV. 4. 

Laomedim the Orchomenidk^ his 
ctrrefor'thefpleen, V. 38 1. 

Laf^/ius/'k Syracttfan Orator, 
accuicsT/MRp/fim, II. ^35. 

lapitb^, ""TtxCiiu affllfe them in 
their tvans^wlth the Centaurs^ I. 
3|. The ftqry of them,' 41 . 

Juiras^ or Lott in the Tujcati latt- 
. gaage fignifies king, t. 265. N. 

harentiay a feaft in honour ^iicca 
Larentiaj f. 54. Theilory'df 
Larintid and tierctdes^ "ibM. 

Launi^ by what ,ftratagefti defeas- 
ed by the Ramans^ before the 
gates of, Rome I. 94. They 
invade the Roman tertt'tories, 
3J7. Defeated by Camilltn, 
.j6o. Attempt to reftore Tar- 
qutn^ aiid why, 14J. 

tatona frighted by a wild boar 
near mount ^toum^ If. 306. 

lattamjas and the Thejfaltam de- 
feated at Geraftusf 1. 343.*- 

JLaughter. A Httle fhtue dedi- 
cated to the God of Laughter 
by Lycur^uj, 1. 140. 

. Laugher, the temple thereoFy Y* 

ta^vimuMf tlie £ril cit^ built by 
Jeneas in haly^ II. 17$. 

to Athens^ the revenues wi^ie- 
of oied ca iM^ilitfided vxemi^ 

* the people, 11285. "* , 

I^atiT^n, a cilPf baAeged and taloei 
by Ser tonus, without P<tH^^% 
being able t6 relieve. it« IV^ 
33, 24; •- 

Law, relating to Nufband an J 
wife, I. 83* Law, a flraii^ 
one of the Athiffiiansp 209*. 

X4aw of Ferkks agatnil baftard^ 

Law of the ^hihkns^ i very «dk 
roarkable one IL 313.' 

Law the chief of ^11 law3 dire^te 
that the -weftk^tt (hotild.fobfldl 
to thofe wh» are be& able 
to proce^l atid * defend th«^ ^ 

. IL314. 

I^w 6f the 'SpariUnsi nev<er. tb 
make one man twioe admiraj^ 
in. 185. How eiraded, iijdi 

Law, that^e>partyaooulediiiigkt 
(et a guard «ip<xA hi^^i^fei^ V. 

Law amonig th^fc Rwiomj that tbofe 
who flood for any office (h6uld 
be prefent, dnd thole who de- 
manded a triumph ftiould con- 
tinue without the avails of i^MtiN 
IV. J39. 

Law a remarkable one amosg^the 
Lac^edemonians, y«t34. /* 

.Laws not reduced to wrttingby 
Lycurgusy L I ft. Laws ihteuld 
be imprinted On the minds of 
the people by a good educition, 

Laws. To men of few words 
few laws are fuiHcient, I. 133. 

Laws infufed into the manners of 
children by education, L 200. 
Laws written com|)ared to ^f>iders 

webs, I. 207. ' 

Laws fhould be fo contrived as to 
be more profitable ia the obier- 
vance than* breach o|^ them,.!. 
Laws purpolely made aosbigiioiis 


f^ in^ ^ tr± 

1:22s. ^; ,::j';Vi . . 

IdW among tfe Ai«4»/ rorbidSing 
■ any one to poffeTi above five 
" hundred acres offena, V. 190. 
l.aW againft bur)(ing^ the dead 
'■ '^jvithih the cRt VaiiFy'Vr, 197, 
li^W 'fometlmes' iiiaft .giv^ way 

to conomon intcrelFi' Vl. i i^. ,. 
liW fiiks ceated^ in ^^parta on pro* 
"" ' hibiting gold and ul ver, I. 139, 
leigoc' between the '^Jf/^eniam, 
^ Manttjuansi 'Sifatts,'9iid Ar- 

^i^vesf III. }8j^./ 
f/cn^e between Ctrfar^ Crajus, 
, and Pomfejy V. Jii. 
i^lfodia^ pro^hefies from thence 

foretold Sylla\ viftory, IH, 

jLegions^ a naihe given to military 

companies, wby» 1. 64. Th^ 

* ' Aoman legions doubled by Ra- 

• jRr2^/«i, on the anion with the 

Sahines, 78. 
Xcntiles offered fcy the Romans on 
^ ' the tombs of the dead, 111.441. 
*tfnfu!u$ Batiatust liis profenion 

Jll. 426. 
^Lentulus fcnt iiito 'AJia by F!4mi' 
. nius to fet frc^ the Bargjhians, 

^'in. 40. 

£////»/aj the Copfiil marches with a 
"^^ great army againil Spartacusy 
*<'fll. 428, Defeated by Sfar- 

tacujy ibid. 
'%entuks the Coriiul refufes to 

affemble the Senate, IV. 190. 
I He was alw&ys an enemy to 

do'/ar, 357. He ' oppofes 

V C^r^Vs demands, f^'^. «^^*t 
;^%e,taid bfq^/tf^; '361. His 
'** qehaviouJ* to Antony and Cwr/c, 
wibld. , Cpmmajnds Antony tp 
'.' j^ave the Senate,' y>,*29'2.' , 
'%(niuttiu lucttU, cQigiTngto A^hpU 
•"• ''hot •knowinjf'*<)f.P^»/;'>fs' fate, 
is.mMxdersd, fVj. 2i6. * \ . 
*%mulus\ Cmrneliuh his chara£ler. 

His mind turned by tlft^firc- 

aicliocs of falfe pr6il!<!ih^f2^. 

i>; detef!ab1e*' de^n;|^^2W. 

egaihs the^'ambaflTacP rs^jdrthe 

Alkhogei^ ibid. . CoAvlftlH ia 

'*' full' Senate,' degrailedL ^aip^n- 

^iinedj, 429/430- xxecfiited, 

433.^ . / 

i<^ of Byzanti'ttum, a 6y?riff of 

ills, lii. 406. 
ie©*the Corinthian, who COmm^ild- 
<ed fn the citadel ojf^^'Wij/?, 
■ attacks and defeats the beflegfers, 
and makes himfetf i^afii^^', of 
Ac/jrai/infi,U, 11^,' , ' 

leoB'otes, of Agrdiitii [m^^a ^^ ^^ 
Atcm'aony ^QZ}^(e%r amnios of 
tre^ion, I. 309. 

Leocbares^ a datuaryj IH^.^Sj^gi 

teocr/iies» ' a ' eteat ftateWih^ II- 

' •*' • • • J ' • .» Jii»- ■ 

teocrates, one of the pe&?rali of 
the Greeks, perfuada^. hyA^tJIi^ 
i^s to refer a di^W to the 

'' aifembly, II. 414. ''* ; 

LeonateSf ' a Macedonian, warned 
Byrrhus of the defxgn oS^platut^ 
bne of the eiiemy, u|)6n his 
perfon,' III. 77. 

litonatus^ one of Alexander's Ge- 
nerals,* ordered to el!abll(h Eu- 
ntenes in the goverr^meiit of 
Ccifpadocia, IV; -3 ST. ^'What 
prevented him, " ihid, ' " The 
• confidence he put in \E««i»^i, 
ibidv^ His airy hd|?es, 'A'V. 
Sent ^ by Alexander t6 ' the ' irio- 
tticr. wife anA^ da^|ht*6fs^ of 
Dariusl who were taU'i^Q pi^fo- 
\ ners; IV. 25.1 i HeJ'fexteava- 
' ^ance, 278'. t\e jdSfis with 

%up«hr, V. :;7:* Is killed i^ 
tj* 1' .f • I ■ ^ '1 /■/•' 1' /■« 

. paule, tbid. • ••'..,,, 

Leonidas tlic uncte of 'C^jfeaViiMw, 

I. 104. •/..,'. 
jife^«?/2^^* TCihg of :S/.Wf/ir; a^&fikg 

of his to one who fpoke fd the 


5^: Nt % ^^ 3|. 

^, ^29. ^j Ar^^ und^^gne^ pr|^ic- deaths 13^^.^^ -' 

' ,tW"dt ^'lii;s to that I^ri^ce, i^^Wai,fi^^;i>^cliures R^^^^ 
, f^57' «. 1 . coHegiie, v. 2qj6. ..His confer 

the ton of Chommusy iiis ^c- 

neaiogy, V. I25. His cha- 

r^ftc/jK /j^/V. His iqfin^.atfoi>s Lepttnes^ ^fjfant^pf ^/opontffy ' JTuji 

againft iij^iV, 131.. ' He.opppfes * renders to ft moke », and isjl)y 

v^/i in reforming the llate^ 13 3, him fbht 1:9 Corinth, 1 1. 2 ;; I , I 

Adher'eVto thcrich^ 13^. Ac- Leptines the troth er of Z)/«?/^jj;/S</ 

cnied^by^ iy/an^er, 135. He the elder, VL ipi. 

^ flief to the temple of 'Mj»ir«i;/i, ^i/^^».a plac^ pf conlTerence^j^i 
ibid, Tsdepofed, and C/?(7«ir 126. 

^ , /r^i/i^ Jiis foh-in-la\y, advanced Leucads, SL^poriMian coloDv/jL 
in bis ftead, ihiJ. Reiloi-ed, 210. 

138** Condemns Ckomhrotus to LeticcJ^ida\ a body of Antigonu^t 
pprpet^J^l exile, 1.40. H[s de- army ^fo called^ V, ^65, ^ 

.'j < %ns,,igflp^ ^^//,' ibidf., .^ He 'Uucotpce^ I, '327. ^ 

compells'tlie widow of j^/V to LmSira^ b^ttli^ ur, 11. 312, i 13. 
marry his fon C/?oiWf««, *44;* • ^^^-Q/'. ! . 

2i^^if/i^j ej^oufes the Sfarfa/titi- Z^/z^r/^f/, the da lighters otSclda* 

, terelr'^t */ -J^^^/jt II. 293. ' He /it/j, their hillory,.L 310., " , 

gets Jfo</rtff//V<?J. aflkfllnated at Levies of trbops, great' ones 
Athens^ 294/ Oled by Pe/o' accoor>t'ed;dangcious to a fiat^ 
ffijast /^oi. . . \ If. 71. 

Xeos tlie herald diftovers tlie jlot Liberty of tpen agrees with Cjodfs 
of the Pallaniida to ^he^^us^ ,i. co-oper^riop, U.'. 180. 

14. , ,^ . Liberty (an anniveiTary gam^. of) 

heoftUn^St General of the Athe* . obiervcd bv ^tl^Uteans in 'ho- 
nlam^ author of the Lamiack nour of thofb who died for the 
war, y. 24. V^W he faid to liberty of €(ruci^ -^t. '^ii^, 
fbociotii, and Pboaion^s anfwtr 416. . / ' 

24, :t2ff. His vidiories^" 25. Liberty pro^laimeji to all Creu^, 
His death, /^/V/'. \ ' , ', at th? Jfthmian games^. III. 3 g^ 

Lfpty(hi^a^ aii ancjent Kln^' at 39 ' ' ' 

^tarta,' SL quellion he ajfked titiiwd^ a, coclders at H^ome^ L 
his hoft SLtConM, L !i!f, 173. 

teotjcijfdasr- the fon of ^ Jj^/i )and tffo comnilanciier of the fleet ^hat 

Tm^aj fuppofed to Be th"d foa ' gqarded the mouth of tbejia- 
o£,M^j6iaaeSf IL 126'. 'A(^ veh of ' ^'Vi«^^«/w, V/ 294: 

knowle'ged by ^//, III.* ^103', xJbrary of ^//?it/j>/^r//z 'burnt, jfV'. 

Set a<i4e on account of baftafdy, . 380.* Cj£ 'fiSf^amuj 2\yen to 

. IV. 56. ' ' Cleopatra W" Antony, V. ui. 

i«>/W5i, qontr3^ae4 t9 Caio. \. ' '' Of r«cA;'lH: 363. ^'^T 

\:\%.^ ', ' .-• -— jjj, ^^//^ all? mril" othe« 

t H' Br 

» n 

i 266. • . . n . 

moos, for hii lis>|iitai]t)r» |IL 

JLirtnrVtdiedsmgkiler.of P. Craffuu 

' mrried to C\Grmthm^W^ 205. 
Her difcourfe to her Jiaibaiia, 

- .2Z2. De|)riv«d: of her parciQii» 

Lirinta^ tbe vefial vir gin, courted 
by CrafitSy jand for what, IIL 
418, 4.19. 

Lidnhu St^kf ra'fes a leditioa 

' \ikJ(wi^ L 565. . Chofen Ge- 
neral of the kcyrfe^ 366. He 
made a law that 60 onre ihotild 
poflefs aiaove> fire hundred 
acres of land* which he was 
the iirft that farokey and fuffered 
'die petia)ty» ibid. 

Licinius a fervant to Cmus Grac' 

> cbusy y. i86» Killed in de- 

^« fence of hk maftet, 225, 224. 

Licimut Macer his adventure^ V. 

t.i<^ors officers apfoifxted by i^ 
mulusy why (b called, I. 8^. 

hfgdrius. ^intuii defdndedby C/V 
ctroy before Cdijmryf V» 452. 

' initheconfpiracyagainftC4^^ir» 
VI. 65. 

tight, a great one appeared over 
Ca/arh camp the night before 
the battle of Fbar/aHa^ IV. 

• 200; ior. ' ^ , . .. 
Lightning how expiated, T. 179. 

' Places firturk wath . lightning 
accounted facred,. III. 96. 
li^«ri^«f, a warlike people, where^ 
' in of fervice to r^x^Mcmans^ 11. 

• 246. 

timnaus killed while he was de- 

/..-iiuidin^ Akxander^ I V^ 308* 

twinuty laiJidacaiajiig^f.Yfh^ con^i* 

iod ^^ifi& J/a»mUt;^ IV. 288. 

iKsUedin defeddingihimfelfi by 

^4ka{t wh/»^ vcextj {wot* to. appre- 

I heodhkn^ i^n/. . ... 

t\ «k r *• ^ 

•* \ 

356. :.M. /] , ^ 

lioiiB ieftiooirimthQ.T€j^f^.iM;^ 

garay VI. 6.> if .i»i^<\\\ 1w . 

£^hna»r /attifcck tha.Awnfff^wkd 
Uadie^^atrying fLndf>SM»^ to 

Lifping gave a grace to ^ffegSi^e^f 
* iaiue.pfon<«£}atiQn^..|L 9;^.. ' 
Lituit a cffodk^ rod iif<^ bjr :the 
augurs. I. 82. Loft wh^a the 
Gauh tdok Rm^y aUd i^covered 
by a Biiracle, 83. 
'Li*vius Drufusy the unde of jCk/^ 
tbe jumper by the inothfr> fidek 
V. 4». His charaAef»' 4^. 
£ri/i»i DrufuSy fellow-pr^bijmiwith 
C/z/W Graccbusy V. ^Ji. » En- 
couraged by the.Xi»u(& (q op*: 
pofe C»/fff.Gni^£^#» ^.i$,^i6. 
Li*viufPoftbumm Gen^ml^.ihe 
Latinsy I. 93. /' 

iflZ/w Mar<usi C4M*5,;vColleguiP 
in the qusBftorfhipy Jtf^^ c^.i 

Love, how defined bf t^ philo- 
fophera, I. 96* Whacihfi loye 
efuhe.Gods, is tdward. 9ien» 
I57>'i58. ^* : .-': . ' 

LoRreiof boy«amoi»g ^^^atUin^ 
I. 1 32^* IV. 87. 

Lorecf the &cred Tbeies^ 

Lucilius the tribune propofe^. the 
dinfiiig. Fam^ej difteWir*. O^y 

182. ' A ,,'/.'^H 

i^iv£f^j( fuSiarshifilfeJliikQtb^ (f|k«fl!» 
to 'prefdrv^ Bnitfus^^ia^.^pi. 
His fpecch to Antony 09 . ^at 

occdfnm, 1/64. .vHf^.^|tt|E;hd^ 
> Antony iWhen . hft . r^(i|E^<lv^i|ttp a 
. dtf6iri."V. 35|. 4] .v*sO v,-' 
Xir^ifj; ibe ]^ of: Camtlhhk !• 

360. .81 

litciui j/fpvttvs, fee ^^^Ml^'fl^iYi 

t90» ... ■ i- lui ev/ 

IirWyi AlitHUSy his .refpfta/of fjthc 
. ^oeflal;^. and trexeitUCCwVfGft Jthe 

t n t> ^ X 

rals, IV. 202. ri 

ImI^u^ J$ifhiPddkkti^Gintius King 
oi Illfria^ II. 254. • 

andfinedy u. j^^y^%. ^aed 

.procor^>tli^^eadilof< fiawmbaif 
IIL 53. 

miraculoufly conveyed to .^ttne, . 3Kton6l^ that was cbo&a£ai£]I, 

-li. s»^/ 




I • > 

1 ^, , 

L«cto il^«/l^ acenfo ^^nmillut of LmdtUi the -biodwr of Jlnton^ cre- 
afttddiin^die TWj^nji'fpQil^ L ated tribune, V. 300. 

Litt4ur SbfiUtu feat by 4^/A» to > fe- 
cure one of the gate^ioF Hme^ 

bkclus AnuUufi Cfajfus ftniek him 
and dity^bim out of ohfe cdurt 
bletdiiigj for coi^cradidiiig hini, 
III. 464- 

iMrJui CgaJkrimiiMtiaCrefCd with 
the cbtnmahd of the-amiyiby- 
Antony^ V. 307. 

Lucius OpMui a friend to the co^ 
bilicy^ < ahd one who. o^poTed 
Caius Grakhtisy / V. 2 1 8« . i . 

Ludui Ib^ufhosSkd in being con- 
cerned in^the niucder oiTiie^ius 
Gracchunj'V . ^04.' 

LmiusiS^utcaiUkA by MitiUu\ to Lucius Mia-dS^nced by \Bratus 
hitf^ ^fianc^ agaifift Scrsotius^ for embezzling the publick mo- 

IV. 16. 

ney, VI. 89. 

iAUwMaUHtt^ >a guide bade a& Lucretia, the rape committed on 

xof byr Ciit9^ IL 441 « 

Lucius '^iklius tOverthroWa '.by 
^^<N4i/«1idtftenant^ IV.,i6« 

her>ky the >foiE.of ^arquinihe 
canfe of the gneat reVoluticm in 
Rome^ I. 247. 

L»ciutHMtiii accded of' lujbery Lucretia, - ^ ^w^ of Nu?nay K 
l^C^ii»^'¥. 60. Acquitted^ 6t. 189. 

His refpedl for Goto, ibid., 
£myVi C^#W tecorded for the 4M 
• parricide in Romiy I- 83* * I 
Lm^ttsOMiMku fent by Pt^ntfey^ 

faperfede Metellus in Cneft, i IV. 

148; ....'. 

Luciu$ ^hitippusi what]^ f8id>of 

Pompey, IV. lie. -J 

imdu$ P^lU!f^tk9 father of^auiiif 

Lucretiusf titit father of Lucrs^ 
chofen Coii&iI> L 361.. > . 

Lucretiui ' Q/ei^ commands^ iat; the 

fiege of Prineftcy III. 25^8. Per- 

' faaded^^tp^iaiie the fiege»* ibid* 

Mtirdbred by order of ^yllut 

Lucul/ian coin, why{bcalled> IIL 


JEmltusj ^kH in- b^tlr, )II. Lucaili^d gdmts inftituted in ho-* 

' '24«i '' ' " - ' noatoflhcfUks^llL.^^^,! 

LtMuf^^u^uSf the brother^ of Lotullus (Luoii^ii^hia ftataeere£|ed 

. l^tofrifftkii, expelled the ftnate y-ztCkiispM94i andon.whatooca- 

by Catot II. 447. Appotttted 
AdmiMily ' 29^ His charato4 
48.' ; 

Luciur^uMtus^At Tribane^'^wh^ 
was for abrogating Sylla^^ a6ts« 
h}i>^iiil)ition fdpprailed by ^'^ 
citis^^Lwiulhtti IIL 309* jQb- 
tabs the decree {of- recalling 
Imiui LwuUuSf 353* 

iion, IIL 276. Wherei|i\he 
rtieaAAidAGmoi^' 277.. .tiite 
IttJsaryV'nVv'^^rd. An enemy 
piPiom^0fy^jnxxsiia&i\^^ to jfend 
inmii{u>iiBS'tx>£]^<auv ^and why, 
i^5l'ri[Hjj^ifopctf$!aiid >^overn* 
•niqiitodetire^dca' i^k/^y;^ ,149. 
His interview With Pomp^^ i j i * 
On his return from ^aefteemed 


i N t) £ X 

hf die feoste^ IV. 171. He 
bppdfes Pmf^i ibid. His 
efteem for C^n^'s fntadMp^^ V. 
68. His origiiMil» tl4. 502. 
By wiiat he fiHk mmie hinifelf 
known in the world, i^i/f. 
Learned ix3th ia Grar^ and £«t* 
lf>, 503. ^ia dedicated his 
j&emoirs CO htia^ aadwkhwtet 
▼iew, /^^. He idvjiied the 
liberal fcteaees» /^V. .A fe- 
markabie inftaoce of hh great 
learning* iM^ I& wrot^ an 
account of the Mat^cian war in 
€^€ek^ ibid. His &igular af« 
fcdtion to his brother Mareus, 
304. The • confidence Sylia 
had in him» iliefi Sent by Sy^d 
to Lyi^ia and JSgypt, to procure 
ihipping, /Ja/. Hi^ arrival at 
Crete, and what he did to the 
Cyrenianst )bid> The honours 
he rectivcd at ^^exandria, 30^;. 
He did not go to Memphis^ nor 
to fee any of the wonders of 
'^'iypt* and why, ihld. The 
pretent he received from the 
King of M^ypty ibid. The 
ftratagem he made ufe of to get 
fale to Rhodes^ 306. He drives 
Mithridate>*B garfiibn out of 
Cbhs^ and fets the Cokphonians 
at liberty, ibid. He refufcs an 
advantageous propofal of Fim- 
hrid's^ and why, Hid* He twice 
defea.t5 Mithridatesh fleet, 307. 
He joins Sylia in Cherfoneju^ 
and aiTifts him in his pa/Tage^ 
ibid. His moderation in levying 
the fine fet upon Afia^^ 308. His 
firatagem to deceive the Mityle^ 
mansf ibid. He dt^feats them» 
ibid. He had no. hand in the 
calamities brovig^t upoo. I/alf 
by Marine md ,§)V/«, ibid. Sy//^ 
makes him guardian to his Con^ 
ihid, Deolared .Co'nfal with 
Cotta^ 309. He feconds, Pomr 
fey\ demand of money. to coqr 
tinttc the war in 5/fi/>, and his 

the «l|Mti«lt t^ buti^ ^ikiims 
die Tribune, iM,- Til^|ikmfid 
of his aMibt«i<Mittob6»ited6G^^ 
. wrnOr of dikim, 3.1^ The 
means«iiHBM')y hvi^benitoeil'diiat 
goventnwRit^ Uidi ' 'iie^ pfedes 
t4i>o li^, iMhere ittikiid» the 
^mj^^ooAraptedby liiAEl^^'^Vt . 
li e le l bHtts^ atui di(ei|>(inp^tliemy 
i6id. Hb. marches ta > dmscoar 
€0i^ir» and4)fs fpeech to-^t ar- 
my OB thai occafion, '3<f^. Hii 
prudent condud agAiii^ luBtim^ 
datei^ ibid. He hitercepts his 
eoovoy, 5 1 S* Obliges him 
to qtdt the iiege of Cyxi^m^ 
ibid. And beats his Mitty^ in 
their retreat, ihid»' He-I^ils^imo 
the HtlkypoMt, landc at Troas^ 
and lodges in the tet]e^)le of 
Feifui^ 319. His<dt«atnv*iM. 
He takes thirteen of Mhhri- 
d^iUi*3gsl\teif ih'di Hettrders 
his faldicrs not to^k^ any one^ 
ey'd man, and why; iitd, ^ ' H6 
parfues MithrydMes imo' Bfthi- 
way 320* He genevottfly 'i«<i> 
fut[es the fupplies decreed by 
the fenate, iki£ He eaters 
the kingdom of'PpMtm, ^zi^ 
His army fofFer much from a 
Scarcity of provifions, Utid, The 
clamours of tke^army agatnft 
hitD» ibid. Of which he takes 
BO Aaiioe» ibid. KeafoiiS' £br 
his delay id purfaing Afti^i&hr*- 
dafej^ 3^2. He leavesMuremM 
in . command befiir^ the ^oky. of 
Amijusy 323. Marcii^.a^ait^ 
MithHdtLts%i ibid. His oiJvalrjr 
boat in the firfle«CttiiM»r^ rfAr^^ 
The .p^oiih9lal»t hr iBfti£^(i^4Mi 
th^ ibldiers that fled«| 04. > iHovr 
jrefevQd from A defig)ij, of .QA 

of C^«rz, . and ' few4 qthei 

|d4Ces,:3Z7. ^He ^nrfies M'->' 

tkrid4$ei, 32^. .His«aioq«efts^ 
i^/V^. He:.ii»ds.<d^/i«r,ff>..^i* 


* 1* » 

tky^.ibdp jtSi tmsvoAr* to 
^^•^irc (be cily *kicli had haea . 

9 fii^«<'<M^' .He. wMBm*'^ 

. fick (ports, 335, The imMrs 

^vwM^4v<;^n(dooe iuBi b^ <!« 

ci P^P^ ''^'^^ He rettrofi into 
rhtttms% and befifges ^r«|p;^, 

, ^^,. Wliic^.Jie r<«md jk> die 

.aunplaiA^ fi^sft, WflBf 397- 

H^ iM^rifred* at the ^ȣji]^Mir</ 

Whiqli Mtts^ iW^^ w^l». tl&e mns, 

#0^ t'liefr^ver abatii^ Oft a 

laddeBi the people conceit a 

.^ iii;Qn4«iiU/f>pUiaii,of J»^ 

A nvQiipbrleaecirfeBt thai befell 

.JiiW/'^i^: ' Wba^hriaidtoMls 

* Ifofdidirt wliowould have formed 

[ Tij^ and enten * into AnmemA^ 

.» S%9t Hebefieges^a^Mt^^rfiy 

544* He hold«'» geuncii'of 

. ,wu-, ;)4a. -^I^ir .i&4<^eiic o^ 

j. IMonfVir aod the rdbkniofT he 

jformed* ilnd. A* gq^d^.iaydrig 

iqC Juaoa^tlayt accoiiiMod W9r 

.fii:toiiatCiri43-^. 'Th^'af-iiioar 

^le^wore^ifv. ba^e».?4^.- -He 

6e&xts TigrastiSy 344. fii^'d^ 

itaft tbseiroinoft poic^tKiajN 

p'n-Ae earth, <bytn»a *ciy <Itf. 

ierent cxpedieiitS|*<.345r 'fl^ 

; Itoiliii-clia cky of Ti^{T4i|«<wi, 

whkh hcdett Ui i»Mi«»|»ki^ 

dar, t^4^ lie^4toaba» lift Hf 

A^piayw^andqniifetenaia the 



Uid.. He iipde^w»f«Htdfli 
01MI -expeiiorsV^ ^47* ^e 


' King'of /^4MA«h biit loon finds 

.«tka B4»Mm wai' uadferhand 

*4iffi»iW't»'affift Tip-anes^ ibid. 

'.Heff£hief^t0]nake a de&ent 

^ iRtou ^MTtkiot 54^- But ^ the 

*^loidiei» M'^i^MMKj mudnying, 

; Mfale i» auavb, VA2iA He^ta 

:i!hat deiigm ancbftarplii^s a|^aft 

;'«fij|r^»iar> iUkL > He ^aa£rcil«es 

^ to jtrmxauiy the cap^al citf of 

^ theiUflfdMu 549« fa aoer- 

'''fcW^ . of yiAQryi jhe' owrs 

. thaiik%iviiigj to the gods bb- 

feft the'banley xy>i*^ He roots 

rlJie jaraiy of T/j^ivmr// «bld. 

.;»ais jtroaps mutiny, 351./ .He 

r'*aMurchf»fi batk »«» ^^^onia^ 

ibid. He befieges Ki/iGii and 

'takes it by fiorm,.rJri^ j^^s 

Iaet9*e Cum agaioft him on a 

fodden, 353. His;good quaK- 

tiea^ ^hfd. Guilty of two \ery 

confiderable /aalti^ 1^*4!^ lie 

woald DOC ^ier hb fotdlecs to 

qttartar in any Qn^k dty in* «l- 

liHiiCe^with \]t«^ Romans^ ibid. 

Aeeuied 9^^ R9me\ 353. .Aiib- 

tlief decreed! to (ucceed Kim, 

^^ His, twwjM being; co^ 

' the diieouJrfe ot Ci^ 

^Apr^ refafe -to. march againft 

MiAf^tti or ^f^w» i$^* 
, They»ftpeflt, and offer to march 

^here b^ |*fcafcd, Hid. 1* 
<h|£^ns 4p eq|;a|j^ Tip^anei^bt" 
' lorn' he had joined Mithrid^teft 
. Aid. : . A«5thc^ itevoit of! Wfs 
.rHodpt, /^fVZ&r: '6is fubmi^ 
ifioft io.ihei^, att^ tl^eccmditions 

tjwi y inift l ed tii|0ni»3SS • '^beiVih^ 
. fUeiiee;i^/i/.';$^^aame4(^ 
jMral IB bir <(oad, ^'^y. IIoW 
fflghtodby]P^»|^.3c$.. m 
imervi^ Mtwf^a £ara//W and 
jPm^, ibid. £a^0Ai/«ri$oi^ 
giV^ ttMtie ft^ latirek to thi 
li£ierr ef JPrnrf/^^ which fs 
A a looked 


f I 

looiRfvi mu ^jSteWraMo omen ,^ ^ Si^^m Sf^^ 3<?4* . 5*ccttfc« 

i*£M«^5ibi4.*Ii?:g«»«fe»lt, by Mwwwi^, 357. ,^ 

>lJe^divorws, Q^NJwIW'i'^Conti- Lucumo, Bis aifair witH ^it^»'« 

..iiftcir of /J^ru*. iiW4. JHo was ^i^afyt, orfeaftofjpwriapafion, 

'fw»4t!$Mii6M6i;5<?''*'/i»W 359- ^* ^^? *V- 392- - ; 

1 He viJetire* Xiwc? aU puhKc af- . ^«jjft/r^i(thepr^conccr«ed?inthe 

jiftiw, ^V.' I ¥m wlii^ he i« ' ^a^m^id 1. 81.. they ^cri- 

kighlt conmnfttted, /^i^. But. .#0? a dog, ^^/^; .. ' 

Janghcd at fbrifrbirO^^ and ^ij^idfff/AXir^reQtaxnbai&dg^flp f^iv 

>.Pwt^g^,vibii. Ms li|« com- i«>r/jw, IV. i^. 

partad to thc^oW'CpflKdy, 359, LfHtatfuf, Catuluf,'ofspf&ACtttfflt^% 

j^o. Hit iQiin«fi|e ^xpence9» i^ddn^ ^gyf^ trib^ujy » 

j6bi HisgwdpiiPjifc'* Hi» ,i^a^, III. 433. ..,., 

' ; hoofed of {dcafine, ;W. Called Liuoiry fled from ; '^/^/^^ when 

Xerx!e8i«^i5wwi, iBid> What • i«»ftmoi^yonlywM|i#^tt> 

:. ]^ laid to JVft^^9 ibid. What be corxem, 1/ n4« O^her 

, he faid to die Praetor who want- Jaws:to prevent Jpp^rjt^, 121. 

,: ed to l|orrow feme purple hang- • jj^uxai^ incnea^ grej^y at 

iDg5 of him, t*i/ytf. His in- i^^TiiH^ii^a ihort'ti9Q4j||i I44« 

.vfelcttt oftcntatioft and vanity in i^,.;ihe fe|bcr c£ i^0^^ V* 

.: his i^pafts, 361, y<. Ckero » 130..; t . 

'J * 

361. He had an excellent li- Ly9iwfUus*s tomb iai: Jb^^ lit 

hrary,-aibdmadeaii^eufeof 103. . 'r ' 

li, 363. His h««fe calkd the l^mhfdes^ an Jtbp^^ qcptain. 

fikndaaiyaiid Fryitm^um of the fuft that tiook^n^pf the P«e- 

6mr/, ibid. He efteenfied all /«» ihips^ at the batt^.of &ak^ 

philolbphy, but ^hered chiefly «fm, I. 301. ., ;, 

Ho die old academy* iM. He ly£§meA4^ %JisiQ if tgms flnng 

attended the fenatei whenever The^ h^ a i^jca^ and killed 

jt^as to defeat any of P««^'a hi|n»I.,46. 

■projdat^ 364. Driven-out of fytum^iiHs^ fhu/^^lt^^ted to 

the affembly by Prnf^^ ibid^ ^iqm, K zSu jie^^wilds the 

Calomniated by one Veaius^ ^pd WhmgingiQ.|liat|uiiily, 

ibid. Before his death he grew -iUL^ .: 

laopHh, 5)^$. Th0 capfe of hit - i^ifi^ an aAor^/ h<^ ^f ;begged 

iHneft, iW- The p^ple much tc^^ takaiti of Jfe^^fHkr^ IV^ 

affiled dthSsieMi, 1^4 He s^^^^j^ 

ivas »iterred at his cofoolry feat. ^Ifi^^.^^^aeufehGOfo^^^^ 

^Jmfoibim^ ibidi?; His|id«an- . r mu^e^of ^o^^ Vi; ,|4|» 53, 

tagw abo3re»£3MB*«i. 369^ 370, ^i^mi^^Jl,' the. b|^er.f>f ,7^, 

commaiiders, ^asiNad » confix < 4M4r»^thejtyi(^t<^fM^^ her 

tfier to LiffMiKKjy Wli0,. defeated fy^^hrm^ Qrn0r\U{^$i^,Cmm' 

Mithridaiv and TigrmiUf ibid. . ^Aux^lulkd j»bafi^|ll. 380. 


-Vi^^*^^^^^^^^r*^^*^^ ef^JAatAg^iqniliS. The- 

in mwory ofijyrtA-^^^^^^^ ' tblftf^ftttttoj^ walr. rllidr eating 

-""ft-i/iP •^- ^ .^x^-i Mi-c*ftB«dft|>ii7* ' The acci- 

tycurgml ditfereftt Araiiift^S'con- ■ ^^Bf^thti* i«&t -bini thereon, 

A^iJii^xl^s/jfaii^j %Wo^^ iii. lif Wldo'^ 6f that acci- 

'' ' " (feiJftcmted a temple to 

-"-'lat. ^ m wuat uni^in;Tsvmiii«i- -ucnut/vi lAsA moi at cactitabley 
ed, 102. ItisidflS^eh^^Shight-^ '' i\^V '.5Pfai^»'Wetho(^'oi£lwimit- 
- liafefe^^i»K»',.'il^. ^^^of^- dii|>mdt*teei^iWo thiBfttlcty, 
diat name at ^/ir/rtri*^rein-^;' I2<>.' ^ ^lieir- bkck .broA / liii, 
' \^ftr daf«edj /"^. Hk g^Jneatoiy* < r. *, : Hii^fews-^bi^educed ^writing, 
'-- vi^t^;' F^eigiiteias King^l the * t%\^ ^ll»^fot*ids'ih^giifficen<» 
pregnancy (tf^ hii fiftier-fe-law - . in-tlleir tamfcl^ Ai^. %e ad- 
- ' iw^^!ite)vcred, 104* .HialV l/^ianbge . i*i^M(^ VfcU^ His 
' ' 'a3i^\ndgr%ca!re^^l^rX^^^ to 

' fervaliohortheinfarit»^o4i05/-'' wais t22^^^ Hi regBtetoa thchr 
iUfebft^aVltwa&bdinhefticw* ' marfiagS^ ibtiL Ex£ «gula« 
' xi^l^xot^'Sf^ia^BiB.^ his- tk)ii» Q<HiCCTnii^-tilie women. 


&fcctfl€»th^'thereup^r 105. 

tfiofe who envied hifitf,- ihid: 
^ " 'JTia^caAs he «b6k^o^ retobve 

■^ Q^^ a6d nmkes ehoteeo/fome 
of their laws, 166* Ji^ per- 

Idicedamony ibid, flcgoes into 
;-4E«' fi)7-' Thwhfe' found 

i^^Mrr's Tf^orkf, >lrhfch he tran- 

^ fcribcS and colleaed Mtoone 

. h6df,i^d. He^o^vitrto^- 

^«/, the reeolation-^hb^ drew 

^ « to i6tiirh;Kociei i?*/i^. l^kes a 
regulationinthcgove^*fiJl4^t♦ /A' 

;6oei wb^i^^c^ xottfelt' th« 
4jmct^ i*f/ His tecoj^ regu-^ ^ 
lation, il»iL EffiibKA^s th» 

c ^Icl^ 'to'^ibbilih'te&inrenate.^ 

1 > ^lil.^ irhe adiitiOft^^liWd^ af- 

^^ ttrw^di 'to the^ idki*^% th^'* 


l25« Ihtended to encourage 

' marriagesy 1 24. The manner 
of their tn^rriageB, - i^i// He 
baiilflies j^toaff^by allowing a 
loan orwivikt> S15. Children 
partake of t^r parents health 

' Of j^ckiiefsv fo i2ioi|ki' be be- 
got by healthfkl perfbn9> 126. 
Ordered children to be de>* 

- ftroyed in their infancy if thef 
appeartsd m bjs .fiokly^; /W. 
The iDanner ofi'brin^g up 
children! 127. Diftribtfted into 

. daffos whea ieven years old, 
iBid. "The 4Danner of tcaining 
uptheyototh,-i27 to 139. The 
manner ofthei^r/a« diicourfe 

; and their ready iufweKii 133, 
{«f<i. 'Thdr mjedjiod of j^narching 
tp bB$l^i)y^ I J5^ Tliey were 
Sndy^^iiOi^wii m their wars» 

\if6i^ iAcitt^ VL valimt and 
expa-ieabed^ CQaii^1fider» 1^8. 

: ' ]£#{ fMbkKding iaea^ traae«, 

' 'pMfciMd tbe^e^lc flC^ndance 

rv^p. •xwu..*^ ^^haWor-of •g<dd and iUvejp 

bF^rnnnvBU' n^v^^^'^i^^deb^^ * tttttfeA^aw^ta to €eai)»» 1 39. 

._:.ttiitftfi4teWi^'ri4v"^sflittemptl- '• H«^ didicited a littlr tetnc to 

^ diYifion of their moveable*, A a ^ the 

I N b t 5C. 

« , 



fir iiU)<fl^<!c! thr <i(ti%ek% fliat 
theV^CDoId not; n6r wdttldliot 
!iV^ b^'thciAfth'tt; rfW. Their 
gtnchU 1(K^ Y(tf tht ptibHck* 

iHif:- S^atort ttt b^ ^bo^ ftxty 

of diaiftig tH«ri, yiy^/. Here- 
iiila|!^t^* their borialff, barial- 
Slacfti ?fa4 the tixtt'^s «f mourn- 
ing,' ^4*'; He vc^iild mt *ad- 
rilt^W pelfbttS tb tfa(td that 
hkd^k mind, and his reafon for 
it, 1 4}'. '' He baniflitfd ftran^rs 
that bcKild hot ^ve r g(k>A ac- 
tootit of' thfemfelve^, left they 
ihoul)^ ihtr«duc^ ill CUflomSy 
ihiil.;Ati Uttjuft reflcaSon on 
Ws^'laWs, * 144. Aii' account 
of *'lJic\ aihbftTcadc; iBid. Flu- 
torch will^not ijliow him to have 
b«hi'tKc infthrfitdf of it, I45. 
The* pfeAurtf-ke hid in obferv- 
ing • the l^gal cfecohomy of his 
gc^iVrtih*ilt;'fin:h'as Mata'f&ys 
bf 'thfc mttker ttf the uftivcrfe, 
'?5te Thfe method iie took to 
nrfke hh ta\v« itfimoml, I45, 

1*4(5^4 ' Ahdliie anrwef he had 
imifdi jpoIU, ij^6, Rfefolvesto 
fuf£ a voluntary end to his Kfe, 
ri^/V^. 'HI5 city continued the 
chief of all Greece fot five hun- 
dred years, by obferving his 
hws, J 47. His' de£gn Was not 
to'iftak^ 'th]ft ehy great, but 
good, 140. ak had a temple 
and annual faci^fices appointed 
to 'hitti in Sparta, 150. His 
tomb confecrated by thnnder, 
Uid\ The phlce v(^h€»e he died, 
/i]r«/. His foil 4Jied without iflue, 
iW. ' His ^aihes caft inc» the 
fte, and why^ 151. Advantage 
tif Xycurgas oV^ NuHia; ig^, 
fcf^* A "btaer toW-giver than 
A^/ri»», which^hi^lde bi^ «rdi- 
iranc^s CO )»' obfe^ved fot fo 
many ages, 199, ^bt. Heex- 

ceUediiS die imd^tm^ W^izu 

his, Ill;4t/ * ' ^;;: 
'Ljfcuf'^MJf "vMMxa a^cd |o de- 
' liver ;ifji$tfi»/yil to JMMeSf 
and Oft wh9$ tehns. If ^ 1 36. . 
tydtatf'HAfiii; %'fM n^9fM^k Co 

iaJleU, IL^io; '^ • 
^l^mAis ^ote a defcriptioorof the 
*' fupper 'p«mded by XMtm'for 

Dtnut^m, V. • ajy; . * ^ 
LyfaHHk^, iii^ fflarbte fliioe atD^A 
jii^/,' tho^'Sr^ime ftifftoiscthe 
llatiie of '^s^ddsj in4"»78, 
1 79 . ' His Wigiriai, 1 ^9* ' He 
\ wa» brcmgfat op ^ poverty, 
' ibid. He "was b^ve and ambi- 
tiorus of honour, ido. 'A Httle 
too comphlfant to his Ibpcriors 
for hii hitcrfcft, iMi Notwith- 
ftanding his poverty lie was en- 
tirely vntainteid, thoa^h lie fill- 
' ed hi^ country \Mi^&t^ifhid. 
Wtfiat He (in! to Dknyftms on 
}fis dfferiilg^fliiri a veft fbr his 
daughter, i&'i^/ Cisofai com- 
mander of' l^iMcdgim&kiau 
fieet, iif« H^gonto Sphe-- 
' fusy and tvhat '& did thfere, 
* ihid: M^goes tb-Cyr«/ at^^r- 
dis to complain t)f - ^tfiaphemes^ 
ibid. His affiable eoavtrMon 
gkined' him die affeaion of 
Cy^hs', V82. The snodeft re- 
qued he made to fjynmt Ibid. 
By ^hi^ mean^ lie wetde^ed 
the Athenii^ !Mt, t^ii^. He 
'teats theHSetet when feft to the 
' commanxl of Antiochus, 1^2, 
&fc. 'Hfe (smtrives to diflblve 
the dembcracy in^the Jfimtic ci- 
■ti^, ibtd,' His vain and un- 
' ^andfotne treatiaelit.of CUdU- 
' ' cratidas, 1 84. Again receives 
' the toxmnadd of the fleet, t%i . 
W^s aiihy axsd omciing* and 
^hibfljr fbcceoded by artifice^ 
lA^^ ' His deteliable fadnciple« 
iUd. " A faying oi his, ibid^ 
h nibfl unjiift a6kion of bis at 
' MU9$»f 195, &^. Another 

. ftandiloaa 

in; d Er X 

The great coo£dmM Cjrwliid 
in him». ikd^. IhA^k^^r^ 

He.atUcii»n£«w!9t;^ft(W4b'Mk«8 it 
to plunder it». /i/ol: Hiei J;ra- 

C$mtjbt'jti/A0mMu^' 1 89*. 7 The 
great advantage ibf^^kllatiWfiers» 
ijAn^* uifi)f .whtt. ae«B$ M^almoft 
engroffidito JiksfilC^lhe. nrkple 
tmjnrk of CmiA^/, j^.t. His 
cruelty and injttftioli^ 191^^. 193. 
HC'iofoas ^ilr^iatOy rari!«ader» 
'■^5. ' Thearttele^jof tJiat ca- 
piftilattOB» iM fJh-^ Hi9 me- 
atcel to ih^ ,Atienhm% 194* 
Wa tmUf down tbcii! walls 
and Mms. tMr (ttipft^ i 19^. 
He 4kangcs , thu Am oi -. their 
govBivmeal;^' Jiid. ^ He, lails 
t» '7i«>tilr^ ikU. ^He: J^l» up 
]ii» Quenr and'ibirenil .^e^ier eom- 
.iiiaBdeil'£atu«» Jn.krala<Bt 2>^/- 
•^)V aad^caiifei t^«o gdMm fiars 
to be aMokiky j«pitfem^ C^ir 
and Folbiif, 197, 498. Had 
the gr«Ufeft< power W any Laa^ 
d^enMiha G^eraU, jpB. Had 
' diidne' konooraL paid him» and 
was commemorated by, dl^e po- 
efts»' 198, 199. His .CHielt^Ti 
and in pactid^ what he did 
ta ^ MUi^st i99«. Recalled 
from the Ikile^mtf i^93< His 
conflematMHi ontaeiiig jvcalled, 
ihid^ • He applies to PImmaha* 
mo, <and defires a ktter from 
hiai to the magiAc«$es> m'^V. 
He defires leave to go '«» the 
^tdmple oiAmmoM in l^iHth ibid« 
Hiv rea^ for it» iiid^ He 
petfnades the Spsarums to affift 
tb^ nobles o£ Jtbtm agaiDift the 
people^ and is nanned chief 
comi9a»der» 202«. The policy 
of the Kinjp<of Sfarta in op- 
pofing him, ikd. What he 
£ud of the Jr^v$s, 203. His 

repiiiiiafid lg^:% Abg^ni^f iUd- 
To ibe. 4^0^A9«4» ibidr^ A»<^ 
ta i^.,Cmfptki(mf' IMr , H« 

. tffift3.i4fe{/?^,»i.Wipg wen 

- King of iSit^rt4ki ao5« .^04- 
Thq i«tej^efiap(wiihp ga>vc of 

. aa.oradean fiixofu-.^.^^'S^sf^ 
ao4, ..H§ .pwfM«fi-^«y^«'' 
to mfJtQ war .on j^a,^ lind* 

. d^^4i«i>^fe$hif^.forhispar- 
ticwtof.fftKQutilf, ^QS- Heiofes 

. his inter^ with -<fe^', >/ 

. hia ambi|iQ»iA iM- ^ffih^ 
aakeshi^l/bis farver on pur- 
pose to |^fcO«thip!l| ?ip^. His 
iiree di/cfiH^Q.jiirith the XLing 
on ib^t occai^, Hi^, . 'f he 
efifAQfjhat.coj^voriatiQQ, and 

: the gffat kryific ha^ did^.^he 
King, t6id, HeendesiyoHfs to 
coxrapt th^ <v%?)4s» . ^07- . H5 
forms, .a ff^^npto ^veall the 
pttopk ©f Sf^riM an cqn^ light 
to the crpnynib.r^W. He en- 
de«royrs to ^Sd^M by t^ afift- 
ance of prOf^be^ies and oracles, 

. i^id^ Heendeayoi4r«to<ioi:i?upt 
the priaftefles ofJfoiU and ^^^^ 
>r4» and tlHr pfiells o£^Jmmotip ib* 
Accnied Bait ^ the pri/efls of 
Ammen at S^rutf but acouit- 
- tcd» ''^'<^- What the l^ySians 
isdd when they left Spart^^ 2o8« 
A ftory of a woman's beinr 
with chQd by 4poJlo, by whi^ 
he hopf d icr accbmpUih his de- 
fign» /i^V« It mifcarries through 
the cowardice of one of the 
agents, 209. Accufed of hav* 
ing engaged his country iii a 
war ag^ii^ the Maofiam, ibid. 
He marches an arnwy ag^nft 
them* an. He takes Or^i^ 
m09Uh ftorms £<i4n//W and plun- 
ders it^ iM* He defigns to 
beitege Hfdiartm btit is pre- 
vented by the TheBans, Ibid. 
He is flain before Hah art us, 
21 a. The f.^/a«f would have 
recovered his body without de- 

Aa 3 mandiog 


'BatPaujakiuj 6dtK&gtiimkihg 
it noi advifabli^'iWd 6tuitiihg 
a trejuy, '<SMtfV;^iacid, 
aiidlntcfs rjJ/iVi/#^'ftitllC'te!*i* 

toricf ^f tYit fidHd^fii, iti^^. 
An ^acfe lU/hfeBj tbifetbM' iii« 
dc^tK near Me»/jy/^|J itta^ His 
virtue ■admfred'a«r^fi{i:'t!c/iih 
ou account of hU'^pjivei'ty, 

bis papers (after Hi^ death) his 
deiign to alter ti^e gbvtmtnent, 
ai^. The honours that v^ere 
paid him by the S^partkns after 
his death, ibiJ. His advantages 
over^/Ai, 267V &c. For what 
be was to be blamed, ^70. He 
excelled SyUa vo^ moderation 
and abftinencey 275. ' 
Ijfander the fon ofj^Hs, V. 130. 
chofen Epbdrus "by the intcreft 
of Jgis, 131. the decree he 
propofed, ibid: Ris accufations 
againft/^^^jtjWai^ 1 34. Profecuted 
by the £phon ftar csuicelling the 
debts, 135. Received by the 

craft of ^^fjtfi^ttu ' i; 3^* ^ ' 
ly/andridas a Megdtepofyiin, his 
Advice xo'Ctetf^ifis, "Vi 166. 
IxJfanoridas, the Spartan, fixied for 
furreodering the cjtadffel of 
T'hehf, II. 30a.' . . 

Z.yyWw tyrant of me^a/opons, his 
charafter, Vl. 173- He quits 
the tyranny ana incorporates 
the city in the J^^^<^<j» League, 
ibid. BeJDg chofen General, he 
dcclar<es war ^^B^iiA Ae Lac'ede- 
monianu ibid, irie feJU out with 
Jratus and lofes^' liis intereft, 
174, His c^npivance 'to have 
to.bimftlf #^e 'honour of 
bringiug 4^i/imachus Into the 
league,, ^^^^ ijjis^ea,di a^d the 
manner of it, 179 ?8o.' 
lyfides % Gofipr, . by keeping 
J^afia con^pany became qbief 
Man at Athens^ il. 31. 
Ivfidice, the daughter of Peb/^, 
■'" an4 XDOther of Jikmina^i. ft. 

Lyjimachus^t (wiof ^3tmm}^e 

•tb ii^^ifjY^nT. 85 J«W-^*fe 

covered, ibid. Waltes the Mtier 

dom with PyrrJbus^ 69. Mirc)£s 

faying to Onejicritus 4ifg$SL- th^ 
IbiflorV i>f t)ie i^JMbiiJ^, c'^^o 
was mid ttt bave glvt^n -^MAiin^ 
ikr the incctiftg, •*tV>^'^: 
Decantps i^pbri fighr 'of Mh^. 
/r/Ws. machines, '^V^"*'*^!. 
Vfvs tonv^aCtbn Wleh<tiie>ttAi^ 
bal&dors ^ef DemOt^ <^« 
Sa)[|>e6lea B^ bh dfieMtf^^M^ 
cotixtr 'of YAi giieat pdwieH ^2, 
Taken pfH&n^ itt>nii9i9/%7o. 

Lj^fimacbus the foothft^,* bfo^ln^ 
tei^re^idoti of J^A^dr^tfira 
HI. 06/ •-• * ^ V- 

Lyfinafiiis ^t AeAmitiitk^ Akx- 
andeth chief preceptor, ' JV; 
230r. How heettdangefedii^Ar- 

lyfipfus, Alexander fiiilef^'tfdne 

but him to itiak^ his ftacoe» 

' IV. 227. He madir 'figures- in 

• braiis ' reptefeiititig AiM^frf^^r^ 

kMn^ a Lion^ 179. 
Mr "' 

Oman phalaiur becahMr'Inb^ 

' lent ^d uttgovernabt^^rV.^^Q. 

'Macedomam^ idways ' ' iC^M^ 

great Wer« 0f AfSF^JKags^ 
: ji.ieh M6re ft&nifffivi?'^a 
; tiai^ble in times of war%aa 

in peace, lIL 70. "^^^ '• 
JHoiidonicus, a name^ rfrett^ t9 

jW^/iffw,flt 105/ ^ ' 

I ' N D' E'x: 

llf. i^9» Ki]l«4 in 'battle \y 

Macbarfis the % oitJUfipfi^^, 
fends Lufuliut a crown of golpd* 
and 4ffimi^ 4)e deda^^ 4 

'^vai^xAsx^^JCih^m^ Aid. 

-Seal tp VWirJr, and >t'^s 
trial mrij^e^ji^avoars to "km 

Macbari^u the potori , 
^Mrvz^>v£i^ fo called, XV. lofe.- 

V. 119.. . .^ 

V. siQ. . \ \ 

M^^t bfiotber of Ptolemj^i jus 

liftfivffd by Ckmnmh Y» 175. 
Mti^tu the ttfofher of Bharnaba" 

stuff wjionndertook.tq 4nu;rder 

Mafuck of .tbe fm^^fitm^f .tbemijo' 

<Ar infl^^Oe^ in it^ t 5r6^ 
Magw^^t ^ Pty gw«n to fbim^o* 
A* by iba f^^/up t^war^s bis 
inatniimuicef X» 317^ He died 
theie, jao. ^ 
Jl£s^«^4nr dtizen, bis boofe given 
by Jutofty to a cook for drcffing 
his fopper well* V* 308. 
Mago aoBiir^ of the CartbagiHi^ 

am openly al&fts, lam againft ManipuU satd^MintfttLxrifi wba^ 

Syracu/e, U, 21^* Goes bt^ to 1.58. - :/I 

J/hca, 217. Kills himieU; aao. MamusAucilids Glabrio fent flg^nft 

Maubus ofJrabia^ iends forces to Jntiocbus, HI. 44. His bmavi- 

tbea^anceof J/ff/i6^»V. $^c. oar in that fervice, 44; (9^^ \ 1 

MaUitus and Diogiton ient by the Manius Cufis$s defeats ^i^bui, 

Tbe^aMjmtiiSinsffmymtofbe/'' IN. 90. His little farm-^iiear 

/afy to revenge the Dedtb of P#- Cato the cenfor's coantiy-bdafe, 

loiidaut II. 328. n. 427. His anfwer to the 

iliWiaj[f j^iirxtfm//r's ad^ntare at &z)9ir»/V^anibafiadors, 418. 

idanliui confphres ag^nl^ >^^9t«nrjy/9 

IV. 3*. • ^^ 

Manltusy his great fervkeKwiieii 
the Gokb ftormed die eapfeol, 
h 3Ji,352/Hotrr€^llstdial?for 
it by xheKomattf^.i^z^Mifki^* 
Cai^ibuf ; 36 1% Hi^ * kuriffuest 

/^/^^ Sent to pHAm 3(«^^%S^ 
' condemnM^ aiid'fu^i9^ltMith» 

Aa4 ' ' «WM¥ 

Mamurii^ VafwriuSi an eicell&it 
>:tift. 1. 174. the refpea^ji^d * 
to hts inemory by the Mcm^s, 

MaadmiSg C. the Cdnful, Geil^ 

againft the Nummtimjf V; t ^ • 

Difgraced and imprifoned' K>r '. 

havjng made a difhonoot^flle. 
• Peace, 1.89. . ' ' ' 

Moitdriddas a Spar fan whit' lie 

fiud to PjrrbHSy III. 93.. 
Maa^§cUdas the fon a£ Erpbdn^}. 

V. 130. His charadet> ^d. 

Cited by the Efbori^ for tancel^. 

ling the debb, 135. 
Uanuiut Ae tribune, his litW in. 

favour of Pumpey^ IV. 149. 

Accufed of having robbed^-the 

publick, and defended by^Ci- 

cerOf V. 4 1 9, 4«0. 

the fiQ;e of their city, TV> 5#8 . 
MaBiwi,^uciiu^ .a guide made ufe 

of hy Cato the cenibr, II. 441. 
il£i|nsrn delcended (xomMamerq^t 

tliqfonff iViMMy I. l'8 

M^anercmp die tyrant of J^^M!««» 
jD^s an alliance wit;h7|ffr0/f«ji, 
ll. 208. Miikes a league with 
thc;,,<:<in(W^>«/,^ 227] -IJe- 

1 N D 

ftood for the coafiiUhii^lI L ^. 

tiofcexidr .dircdvened b)?:^ fm^ll 
. thiiiga thftn by gMt» V. 76*. 
J|(teiM»k», •^it3etitx^me changed 
to Attiig^m^ by u^Tiimsi^^U i ^p. 
Marat h<m^^ bull oTAIartft^^isopi- 
quered by Tbe/emi L 15^ fidtr^ 
tie of.MiM/itf«^ Uvx^^^^^^o. 
JUorotbus, las-gmenm^ d^i^»i. 44* 
Mail^,.aQ extaraordinary property 
..Df {bme white matble^ I. 291. 
MarctUus oppofet C^^ar^9 de-. 

mand3,lv».3y9.. .. . 
MarceUus. tke t}na»ftoi^ colkgilC 

Hactefku^ ^ Saaoirlforr«&/ by 

Oda<viat V. 369; - 
Abr<A^j, Sie :<ii%kud of bic 
«^«i»iR^ IL fjo.liisroatoral 4if^ 

de^y and hvBB^axa^f.iiid* He 

famlf fah bMiibtt- Q^ttfii^ k a 

^ >batde,i53T^^4MadeL ^uritk M-. 

iiiBUwiA z\k^Trihidi He l^egs 

/>^'9jfjr;'Cho^<€oii6^ ]a«tba»room 
oi Fkipfikfus;i^i6. i£S).'prefinice 
(V'o^TMoidoiL:hi$ viiflde!s fiarti)!^ 
'^^'^liida^ .53 7;- Hh idtis Vtindomarus 
* ti«^ dtrglc ^hl, . tp3&iTbe<pEa9rer 

thato^caEfimi^ jaW-uHeiiMEfth a 
<^ti£naU )>atiiy d<feat&afflrat. aiailj^ 

^xkaace >eR Ss^baiiampb;. 3^9* 
Sent into Sicifyy 340, CaUed 

""^z&tfM^wvt^^ sejbiUM^ 341* 
l^' sainnL Jbdmtvictary^ v 34:2 ^ 

to tha i^«i0«dateiRiil^^i. i^sTp. 

ir/^aiy 343. Deftats HMUuhcd 
WB&rc Nola,Jbid. Chofca Cort 

AjlipaifiitiQll 6£4il£^n^£ |i|a ^ 
,do^ ^mt ctfficf; gMtfrnaggiiac 

1 cbnfQU 344^..!]^^ agaip ^dio&ats ' 

CHeatxd cqii{ttl^ '^^^^ t^ g^a 
intq'^fVi^ir^ib^d, JP^efireattVba^ 
ibaatjewithatiite^in^bt :«facrait' 
bis .anky-aiasb ^ine.:^^BBKa^f 
ti^ho bad fonneriy flfd firooi 
' battlB> 347*> :ia fle^!i{b<^ ''^'^r^. 
H^^ takes the city of l^onti^m' 
.by (btn|»»9gJ8^His?ulk^^ of tW 
defeEtetn, *4^/X He oefieges' 

MitLih. {iea£9pit £^agf of Ids' 

. 0]i.^4frr^>»/^ a* engines^, ^a. 

Ha tfim^ .the, fiogeiuo^if a 

blockade,, 4£p4'. He; gdea^wkh 

|BUt. of ;th^ ;s^^a^i^ v Jkf^^zw 

wbjisb- b^ t^a$- b^^Qiia^ 

,. He beato;i{^arir4«9 at AcKiL^^ 

.ibid. .Hi^ iret^ias W Sj^rw^u/e, 

< ibidu^ D^9]neis hovi(oihe JOiftbt 

faei attack &e plac^y^ ibuL He 

{) takef; (tbfs ^w^^^skd. &e« Hin^ 

' a3(tfenii"'^[M6eriv iac tha de^th* 

of .Jk^iMf«^>r> 4a;7e^!^S^. He 

. takaa the ci^ vi Ejtg^Mtm, and 

cauifs: the inbjab|raiirs . to be 

. put in trans, .bi^ p9Lr(kin& tbfm die.lQterc^Qii of Nieias, 

36obi He chiles i^tmjSjraai^ 

. ' fiiir . fta^as,; paintinga and Air- 

vamf^'i'ibi4 &c. 4i^d foc-wuiaf 

> gfe . 36 >/ Hft ijifwiinxi > intg 

. . Smm a<ta^ fQi:.i^4;((4ic^^.^rts, 

. iHdi^ -Being, t^^fed* in a 

) Ition, ^362, .A foactb.timedio^ 

i^e %4if4^$49K% 30^ Bii civi. 
Jity^ imd ii#4afty^ an.^th^t Acc»- 
^ont ^^ 4(ft^ He»as:afxiiutted 
1 jbyivtho^ieiiitf r^^^fqi^ivaa^bis 
]wwfecatpr^» •365> T^ W^iu-s 
dcdeedkisi and Ws.fwil^ by 

Hanoihi^ a»d his cQ|i4(#>iqptF 




I' N ^ ]i^ Ji: 

{II ^&}.^ ..His* nf ft fuccdsr /^i^. ^defr^jl Jbiii^ ' to^ be in readi*^ 

'lie iengagss tTdnnihal^s funty, ]ie&.' to dciffl^^ his (Ottntnr^ 

. cs&i9i> ^3/6i2«^ C6nt^ii|e4 iikL Jtis Marduf.^ Maf^fkiii a biafmaii of 

sdmioahd ^s Pcqcqfidi^ ; fA^. iVtrmoy I. i6o. Ferfaades hun 

;SjKit^ Hannibal^ and tlie cai|fe to accept' tl^e idaedom, 161. 

, /(inrilabd^&aty ' 568. His fpeech Marches xiefimofManiiis marries 

to tiw foldicrs alter. die iMit^» FompUia lh» .daughter of Nt^ 

.tM^Jcc. He heats ataniiiJ, L 189.' The hxher of JncM^ 

anil b]r w^at xae^tis^ 370« He Mardds,rMd^ 

whhis^W^ to Binuejffi^ tq refrdh Maraa& tmfkajcd by CatiUM$ 

\\s fiSdiers, i^i/. Aocufed at to kill Qmro^ y. 49 c. 

' j^0io^» . Ihid. Ac^nilUcd*' aftd J^rciusf Cains Marcius CoriolanuSf 

^fink ConfuL the fifth time, fee Qtniohtmst^ • 

37 1 • l^s quiets the {editions in BjUr^us CraJJus^ iibe Crsffus. 

\ fi^haf^^ fad on h^ oetum re- Marcus C^io^ iee C^sTo. 

$4ve$ |o 'dedlc^t&.iir teni^>le to Marcos JurtJins CtUtat Ate O/r^* 

HpQOVrS|94 Virtue, fi/i/. Hin- Mftrcus Clmdius MartfiUusy fe» 

. ^^^h^ ^ priefi^, tkttU Seve- Murceitus* 

. ra^ltfodigie^r 372* AboDt&Gty Marcus Lepidusy S^ LepkiiH. 

[ ^j^a]:9!a£;^^'wh$ was Vie Marcus LucuUut^ fee Luculks^ 

. £fth^ tinte . chofen Cod^fol, ili^rci^j //i^roz/jr/. admired Confuf; 

573V (liit im^deaide, 3^4. I. 261 . Dedicates the tsfl(iple of 

IKi&ed by aji aipbaih.Jaid by . Jupiter, 26 \.^ 

. iti^iaff^y^. Afcer his death Marcus J^Mwxooine Dii^ator, and 

Hfinni^ views bis bpdy with ' with die army, ratius Buteo is 

admiiati(Hi# /^i4- And orders it ehofen at the iiHiie time Di£Utor 

to be magpificently s^dcvned and 2Li Rotm, \L 6y i 

h^xxnt^lifid^ t&e* His aftes feat- Marcus MaMs £sttt as general to 

tered in; a <|niMTei^ 376. His Mitbridateshf.^rsoriusy JV. 50, 

Cl^Iicki donations^ sM* His f4^^^ the brother of Falerius Pof^ 

He wick an ii^ripiiQil in /rc0iW,L zci* Afbata^mofhik 

the teotple of. Minerva at ^>r- in which lie was • diiappointedt 

dus^ ibid. His ^n\ily continped 265. Made Qjoful, 270. 

^ long in gr^at fplendpr^. 377. Mareus Odiem^ hk account to 

His advantages soove Piiopidas, the military^ tribunes of a voice 

3^9* Hp changed the ^aee of he had heai;d, I* 337. A tern-* 

the wafyi^id, filamed for the pie bmk by iCo^'Z/iurv where be 

'., m^por ofhis d»th» g^p. had heaid that voices 3^5. 

Miorciilus, a tribune, fbn of .the Mareus Li^iuSf what he iaid con* 

. preceding Mas:ce\Ius IL374i). • co^ng Faiiush recovering 

MarceUuSf ^f fm o£ Casus Mar- ^arema^ and EuBiush apfwer; 

ce^i^) in whole Ywo^T.O&mjia IL 83, , > 

. his mother dediqited a library, MarcusJ^Usfit^^oUms^ V* ^6» 

SM^fygufius 4 theatre^ wjhich ^rcus OSavimiy his mcfTage to 

were. ^aOed aftec. his. Kapie, GtfA^faaiitths chief command 

U» 377« . -at Utua, V* 102* 

ji(fassfeSu9 expelled the'fenatt'by .lifarcus Papiriyr killed ^ the. 

Cd3S9» iL 44s. . . <?4»/ij 1. 347. \ 


' 1^ ft B X 

JlKiftidltHe f^A of fie^v ahdifon-' 
ik^lan^ ^J^Mhu jB^Uml ills 

h«l£ctf Fiif^i^'M, II. ^-7^. 

Mc^PMyMmUiulM^ldui\ idecbcrcd 
^itcr^^of '^li^l^iiatef b)f^<id«/ 

Jft^kmirj TMSius^ Ck^^ ^U^ CicgrdS 

Jk6imfteiiKiti>r£«j thE Gofifa]/ what 
^he^mgagtd' f8r 'toriKe p^le 
^^b&tindertdol: (iir^expeditidn 
Iftgai^ibtHe ^^^^j,::EF/ 147. 

X!ar^i(tiM^ iine lulviisd ke gave to 

ifiufdioit ^tM^MiJ:Vi jr44« 

^d6. Left in Gr^ with, an ar- 

^^f orthfte iamc^^d tfaon&id 

mny If i 397« H«i offer to the 

"^JiihinuMSy ibid. Stsun in bat- 

'*Vc35f7;"^ r - . *> •- ^ .• 
Jidf^itiu&iedi I!L. 446. 
Mores which iiad won prizes in 
the Ofympkk' g&mes, buried, 
' when they died, ^hy' Cimn^ll. 

Marri&ge»callom< ob&sved about, 

^ at Rome^ I* 68,-69. Romutus^s 

lauos cbncerijing loarriages, I. 

- "85^ Marriages wgiiated by 

. Lyturguif 1 24; Tijv ^o&w*s iaws 

" . about niarriagffs, 1 ^, i zB* 

Mar tea, a grovt &cftd t^a Ayniph 

of that name, Iil« 151. ■ 

Md^riUSi Caius, his-ej^gids at j^- 

^ennMf z^i&tAAtxxi the^rough- 

A^fs of his' ntaoiMn-s; Jli. iJb6. 

Hi» defpifed the ftiid v 6f ik^nk^ 

.Uid* Ofan:x>bibarefaikth,Ta7. 

'Hk firll campiignv i^ttfc He 

bt^Kameiui «iienfy in his^Ge* 

' hoifour d^ liitt b/&/)[0pi ofl* 

'Mnd '^e enccourag^iftentl Us 

^ibbkiiflom dieacls, f?ii/ir. Ma^ 

4l»lMij(?,and propofes al^ibout 

'^Cmm iopfofm^f and iA^em&/ 
'^joftiine Jvith Him, JUsmfor wdeN 
^hittvintociiiftody, i^i^ TJ)ttill$e 
^dfteecied a^nian of nndiuntJod 
^^coahu^ -iuid one thai^ wodd 
tiotfwiiger'either party codknar/ 
to' the {nibiicfc interef^* i^» 
Twice^ Sii one day firnfbfajte4ia 
his putftiit of the ^diiefiiip» 
M^. He obtains ■ the^Brktor- 
fhip, UiJ^ Accufed of indiiiei^ 
prances, ilid. But fa. acquit- 
ted, 1 10. His behaviour as- 
dtr that acctk&tion, iii^' ^^ 
ekars the ' further 1^^'* of 
thfeves, iliit He marries J^^- 
' /^ the anntof JuUm.Cmfyt^ 
ift. His patience tinder; an 
operatiafa of forgery; ihid. 
Lieut^naift to Metelius in. the 
\f2X' agaiiift Jugurthaf ibid«' 
His a[]m)ition and ingratitude, 
' 1 1 r; faff. - The great repuuti- 
iSa he accpir^d in Afrka^ 1 12« 
Hfs iniblence and wicis«dndf8» 
Trj. He-arnves at Rom$ from 
VHca in four days, ildiL Cho* 
"^h Confiil with great «pplaafe» 
iMi He enliis fl»»es and 
' poor people contrary^ to coAtai, 
ti4. :{its'hadghtyand.ififolent 
. ^eches; iAri. Pikmdiedfor 
'hsiingratitodetoikfiGr)f&, i^ij* 
The^or^nal- of his\!hatred:. to 
4^»ibid. Unaoin\o«ifly?<jta>- 
l^n Oon(bl a &c«ijid titBe, 
?dio<^ abfent^ 116. \Hit .iri-* 
wph; 119, The lichea -Wc- 
iir thattdhilftph^ iM^^ 
e cbitib-s the/bnati&'in.fafrtri^ 
^i^pbal- robe, Uit pcaKsairing 
^that irrgafl^eoffitnce^Jbci wfdi- 
itra>l;rsf:aad c&ingdt lkisbdK&» 
iri^-^ rHexxettiKstids ibUiim 


K m m m a 

fpm aikiViuaMr t^tioS.yOkc 

litte^/\iiY. iie iciitsa otMfitil 
6oi»tbetMo«r,i]bkL Isi^k rNot 

dle(?««i»«tr and Jmhtmf vriio 
defied ym, 1 2»» His pradonoe 
on ite donfion, and «id»t. lie 
find tdiiis :loldiert> Hid, The 
com^att of the Mdiery> tt- 
gutift him, 123* The nfer.he 
in&de ofMa/nhUf a S^iattf^^ 
phetsfs^ ikJ^bfc. He pitches 
M eanip'> where there/ waa ^a 
icaitiiy o^ waten and his reafim 
for }tf iz^. HedeAats ihe 
An^^t 1*7- His pnideat 
dirpofftkm ^ his am^^- <a8. 
The |re»t vidoiy: he ohiaiiM^» 
1 29"- ' The magmfiednt recom- 
pencediatwa&made him^ *M. 
A fifth time appointed CoedToU 
130. He refufes a triumph, 
and whf^ ija* Hk vaUerjon 
the CiffdnriAns who demanded 
lands ^r thent^ves and *die 
ir€Wo*«i> ibid. He changes the 
faihion df the javeHni» i|3« 
His anfwer to- Bmrhf^ ibid* 
He' appoints the plains of /^ 
^WAtf ^' the field iaf batUe» 
iM, ' He difpo&s the order* of 
the mwf v9ith deft#n loife* 
cnre^ t6h^feli 4U thr §Wy, 
1314. ^He voivi a ^hecatomb, 
iM: ^ 9>mne tengeance • de- 
1&at|hied<9%n«gaimfc CtUuktt 
15$. Defeats the Qimtih', s 96. 
•tiledi the iSird/atndtr ^Aoihe, 
^/V^ Dime honoats patdliim 
fay thd"lb«Kt»i^ i'37i is^Mri- 
iimphs^ with ttSfinKi&iif ibid* )ila- 
ftxttCSi*'K>f his mtobitiooDi^ tf^. 
Herchofe other to hrgtsatithan 
goOd» i)^//*- He dnaded'.JUir- 
ieti^ ibid. Urobttmedithe 

^eA8.4:.\iiifr.viiia^tartMae ta oet 
Miteiltu baniSM, 'iMl< . W. 
ifistdtodilrdiiUng^. 140^ i^iVi* 
JMtftfil!*/ btfing^^Kflcalied heM9 
notaM^ntQvtiAdttreDthci fight.^f 
ifatB, 14U. HeLjnakta a Mrage; 
The refpearJtff/Arr^kMx Had 
ifbr.hiim^ 144. What hk de^'' 
dfien was ^ith thatprinee^ dtid. 
'Bw jcea&n wkjr hevima foiitdift' 
vt&rttAM^ iiidf HiejealoB^:. 
againft ^/Aiy ibidi Bt jaias 
a batfie oetr ihe ooufiNkme^l^ 
1 43^ The > laaiwef he^imade to 
I^iJmr Sih, fm. WJiatrhe 
faid to iUs tioefi that woeU 
aottakem bk'^pKtwutfxt' 
cog&g>ng» 144* NAmeA Ge« ' 
neral ^^^ft MtiHdatfu iUd; I 
Thec&ntfngle aod Inxnrioai^y 
ftmitttie M ills «t&, lied. 

I^MBif, 1:4^ The ^xtrgnmi 
he wasrput to, iiiJ. fek- ^e 
fable he invented to enfipm«||e 
his compaaioasr, 147, ;«|lv'C 
He arrives at the cottage oFa 
poor old man, < trho liid him in M 
cavsinthefinii».i^. Taiten^,^: 
^d carried te MaiiafAr, iUd* 
An accident that hsippeiied, 
which heinterpretedtobealucjcy 
omen, 150. A mfian esE^loy^i 
ed to kill 'him» hat preveniied 
by a vaice, 151* He cools- 
erases it painting t>f hi^ ad?^« 
toresin the tempk' of. Mmri^p 
15a. He arrivies at CatvtiaM^^ 
. sUd. What he &id to tbe^ ^ 
ficer ofSiPctUhiSy ibid. He lees 
tfhme (corplona fighting, wUch. 
hetaiectsittr^aft^lemea* tip3» 
HerdtdmaitttQir«^» ibid. His 
wicked pbUticks, 154^ Naiatd 
PiocdBfiil by' itftwen, bot refttfes 
the enfignst of aathority, iM, 
NotndtUbmdseg his premaM 


t n: IT. B X 

1 j b i iMiy AfffpMts ad ckaige 
in ciiii .susridi tonper,.^ M£f. 

imovr in the poftnre of aftks. 

He: cmevs .^v^m^ if^. A' fe- 

. Worn oat itiUicaooaadkbQiir, 
«to^ vllr' adilia» JndUf to 
d^mkMig, iiitil .«k dnth^ >iind 
the dcliiioiirfisr« that 'preceded 

i ]ty:»6o^.^ Hb^achntnttgatzoFer 

Jdarius a Ritrutn^bibsn m the ier- 

lai^Di^iofAAiF^Maf'diif/y III** si 2. 

"Mm^ pri&ltor%LiMrKik»,3 19. 

Matius the iqi of C^/tfi Marh/s, 

'^i^W'^hy ailMitiManrhd'efcap- 
«d fvdm hfiDV' 9f6v i^^; flis 

. crudtyt^ i6<^ >iot isekig able 
tti^eicapohe kOls^hiniiri^ iW. 

jM^MKp's cKiffh, a ohaanet which 
he cut (hoai Alt Mkmii lil. 

Jd^riit^t mtkty a ptnveyfay kbori- 
fms>>feilm9s ib arii«i. Hi. 119. 
MMlo's iMiiiOa, 'ilL isc* &"<:. 
MarfluulMes. a.Friiice'cif Cspfado- 


Jtltt^ f epoMbd aft far Ae father of 

Mkrfyiu put to death bjr Bioi^fius 
- ^^^ajdreamt VI.'io, it. 
Marthas, Syriitm |nDphete6« - the 
,- irfe Mnrrnt made r4>f hcr» 111. 

123, 124. 
JdattiM the wift rof Cn/v^ and 

^aaghter of ^FMiff; '-V* 63. 
< Cato eodeikti .to 1^ hk- hkiid 
. ' H9nn/bu .hasf 'her, ^ He 
yifakha^her agaoi, dho'iheiHg a 

rich widow, Sg* - 
Mimthitm^ Z'gUSttUt^ Vl«'^ao7.> 

Met of a0d{p$,M.. 44a^ . . . 

Mmmiki aftd.dRMlia/ ^v^i^Sfti' 

bimes depoftdbf&d^JI Vc^s • 

m/tn^ £iag ef->A6M«rdKi^ :Ala 

•> wars with tki^ .C^ik^g^m^s^ 

%vU^ 4S6. \MwjK9» ft fnanib /:gi» 

MafiftiMs a Ftrfi^n toiaa^ajiAtu 
f.'lL 404* Hist <ttiiiiagev^^^ 

I KtUe^onbaolc, liiAi^. -/.; ». 

JI£|^/rVvaick|c fiMUidadiby a^Aer- 

l..dnM» L2O5,' £ :.)V).. ' 

t§affiimnr,'iOi^ .ineWian for 
i : theicnffnejpaiiifl ivsthcthe'inaes 
'i oiithofR¥fha had Utta ia l»t- 
1 -rtie, Jil. J129U: ;'. V 
Mim^iuim^ a &aft» wi^&jeal{ed, 

I. 80. 
JfuMtfar.thc fiiocfaer»'ithe^teiii|i]e 

o£ a QtMdk .fo^oalled 1^ the 

Aonumti L 397* 
Maurijais^ what be fiid t^'ithe 
. Senate, ¥L 209K. >; i. . 
Jdattfoitk the hrother of jA^^^oand 

hoAaiid'ofi^/Mv^ IV.a5 a«N« 
MaxeufMiXMk^ ihi^M vrhogwded 

His ion's niadeft Tffy^ of the 

Itf eai. .Na ^ikcnfice nr^ without 

:. it, 1.477; 

Mechaakksy by vihcsi i&ireB|ed» 

il^ifji the wife : JFfBBr, ' L 13. 
. Madeoie: of Ntftk^ andifor 

what, JV. a73.; 

MedBS, ikeirriiabib^ LV^a&f. . 
Af«iIfjirtti/o£9orn,'hQw^iRd4M, L 

a 31 . Of wheat 4bld iiv a dioa- 

' ftiid'dm€biiiaVUIi^a34^ ^^ 
MtJfMf/ a fricpdlof i^baJpiwfirfV his 
' drtatti, V. 94^. t....*. 

Ji^4^atcktu^ a' Mend lifting 

Craffusy III. 448. '^' t 

IdM^ahtuxlmi J a|i e«celici||' iBvater, 
. 111. 44g. Slewx hiiBiflf after 

jrotttig Cl«s^*^Jdefeat^:^4!fO» • 

Uirpa£iQn.^^^<»^ had for him> 
lV.7fc - -i 


i: m m w x 

ik^4^a^'^IOicJlf^'0i.Ati^ jM% jMgaU«Lfi;M» il6 Jqu#op, till. 

jef^iintlK fcdief /of Z)«i0ttiai:i&/, Mekafftf^ Tt^. ^$i1iS^ ViOk in 
who was wbiitusc €£jJlkMiiiies,' &&y'mg^iht^\Ma^iimtimih(mp$ I* 

^•iL^n;."i^ .. V v^ ^' ,-■-,>•' All .rjj^. .•^' : /-.'.n ir-*r". 3ii»' 
J%iK^d»lbli ^fi//r;gNe^, Kiads Afd^/ny cmis^miKift ioiUtlltf^ to 

. a psatyvM 4iie iihb^imiatH^ J. m Hilttlhbaeav io^ifA -•l' ; '.. v 

340. l^iestkecouiitiy* 24^^. Jy!fj|^iaiPkiklti^P(fa^»^^ 

whstF^rri^xfakl'IOiiim^fthe ifc^^&cftlicrffw^ 

. niMBaepo£iike J^tfMM»arin7i ill. •^4tkiiail}«£iiiit<^aii»lia«i»vl)fa(9'ite 
' 76W Pyrrhus changiMg clMhes Jthgniahs^Ah 35^ Offfeat^ by 

with hiifK llifriiig d£'l^t» hidle .18tbfe!yie9&8agM^u$6«;; a a .^^^ 

- '; pBitkuku4y vakaclo^d Atid ha^abt, -Md-lrenes^ ja^Sa^ id ahODftj^gh-' 

, 76, tfr.* «. : r iteett»f & O^kd At 7^(MM I* 

lii^iaa/ra thertyothor ofsiDM% VI. 129. . . . j ^, ..'j /.m«K 

^ '2^1 r.<lholeii lieuiBciiai)t-g«taeFal J^xij out of;theiaflbc«iti»Qf>/V- 

of the Syracu/Mn^ wi^'Biony iefidnjM. ^9ffc^ . -:(. lu.A 

t. 291. t:..'*: . . .i ^... JIISe^7, ^ii//rir^9l^^ 

MtgAlaus a okurflKif tff MiA^- the - lof the lliiightnr of jdu^^iqbabi- 

? .-ttei^of 9//l«0t0/> VIi &$dr '- -..^antaTdkamCIL.iop*. 

JM9fii^»i2/MLi^>>kow^to);( Shaved Mmmm (C) 9SiCW%. Mifcu$ 

iod^^Cge^^lH; i^i^ • £«ra/&r.^ :and ^«rf«i 

Jl^jvan^'i-eftoi^d takarkberey by JIL 357. WhatJw faidpf^^/^i 

'M£g4irtnfiM\ak^^ifiiBAeaA^la' Memmius^ Pompey'^ Iiea^99nt» 

1-^ iimfjrdmthe Je&Mafit^h 215. dadniti iuttle^^ IV. 26^ . j 

*. Tkfi deorcie 'of. th^- AtlMims Memmwf, /^»i|^'e iifieifip hyfi>an3, 

- ^gainftthettiy II* 4P) 41. ^Suf- . JP^Kte^ldafesibim go^eviu^of 

pededtp^haveirtsiAhindin'the ^ir/^, IV, 125. 

< death c^ Anfhimwl^iius^ iUd. M«nf0»» the. bcA of i&/znVs cpm- 

J4^eUuf Mid PJl^i/hu toiikiei^otn / roanders^ his d^ath, IV< >K47» 

- ♦ 

jfiir* in P^/(0Mjrjy&v to tiVli m . The htt&flsidof.£n^[jAMi,:2|2r« 

^/V/^, II. 233. ; .'.' Memphis^ one of the colfbji^ted 

'hhgiftiiku ttariMs ^ite 4tioth^r «f . wonders :oliu£]^^, lUi^ 90$^^ 

' Hkm rn iB ti* ^'V. -i^t Sent by Menander put to^ death by J(is^a»» 

Cie§matfs V^ the i^^/<Mv who % iArrt,.i¥ti2^. .». ' a.\ 

had revoinsdi ant ili^ as lie Menafukr&nJtkmiaAooiiiomiicr, 
-: 'WttteoMuiguiil^JV i63v^ II; 138, j ..-> 

Melancholy, gitat Wltsaasaially Menander fent by MitkriJiatm ^ 

fit laeUoahoiyy m* - 'inttrceptiacosiTDy, ill« %m. 

1 80. 'iMmemrfsr who^ad: the care o&i/ff- 

fidmippuVf tbe im of (T^tiauXty t/gonus'i bagga^r^ .£M«^ffMlfent 

Pfitigkmf I» 10; .. ^ .'II « iohim .^io.tei^ it» aoii wfa)^» 
SAdmthhii ike font, liL .±jj. IV. 46. 

M/0»iAMr afoDDuspaui^ Vt. "JdtrM?^ jouaed 'in oiEuikiffltlk^s 

, . fj& ... .V. with JVir>:(«/, IH*. 402. His'&- 

l£r/ii»//v/ his reproof' .to^aasldor c- |id«nbiti€^40^. 


4 vt M t^ ± 

mifiu^zks^fi titter, V.. zo.-. ilc offem a 

TJithecrates a fei^Meb* )mdcr.3«ur« Mtrcurfe^ tfert« lu-ed^ by (&M«i 

jSStneerates avain jPi^/fid^ JV;88. J^cmy^f^^m'^ n%^ J. 14. 

Jdi^demus, 'sen dffice^ of th6 Im^U ^<wy ft^tnX of Ja^il&r|iige^de-i 
iokamlii^r to tuculfusy lavca bis faoied in one Jii^W kfJi^em, 

V^ mafterVlife III. 52c. _i .; IL rf:*;, F<ir whiD^'v^^iiiLjir 

■tie^filaiis'dfULVtA 'ili ^r/V^i» .4^ ' «pd fel^ra{ <£f 4^ ;£ci^tuirS^ 
^ ,. ^w died thcrp,. IV. m . itcqfe4> ti |. . ^ ^ J, '^ ' 

I'^^fifr/iu^ tlie brbtkdr of /'/o/^, Mer^f^ the daughter ofJ&^inKr^ 

' V^. 346. Defeated by D^^r/- ^ ' a^d laa^thet of i><4i&I X 2 j. 

»/, ibid. HtdktetsdtntoDi^ Mtfabateii fhe trtfel ^d^iflknieAl 

-; .«^^^^ ' IjjiKfted ott J^ by l*W«i£i^ 
^ Mtnmachus aiid H^r^ Af/* fbi* baviQg cot w theli^ and 
,/ -ihrUates to intercept a ccaivoy, hapd jof Cyrus^ 'Vt ^12^-. 

' III. 326. Defeated by ^^r/Vi/7«/, Mejolabes, .A^th^^tnatiod Itlihito 

^:^"tbid: >l!Ki^b?, JI.-34^ ^ 

MetUnius .JgrijpatttA by tbe fe- il^^& fighti ift thtf rfeht Wfaig of 

nate* to appeafe a tumQlt» II. ^ihfi army ccHnttifiliSd by Bru* 

"^148. His ipcech to the people, . /«^^> VI, 04. ' Hifi^rieroi|8an« 


/^iV/. £sfr. fw0r to Aiumftusf 199. '• 

Tfi^mefihis^ oneof the^/^m<«f bi- il^^/44 the jawr ofy'4ii!W# who 

•'^Butaries to Cr^/* with The/eus^ wasjnarried to^/ll?^ Ill* 25$* 

. -^he fen of Sdru/$ daughteiv Af^^^^* the fcridlitybf that^toun. 

I. 20. ^, IV, 104, . t .; \ 

[Mene^^uty thc^ ibtt of P^/tf«/, I. * Mraenger dm ^tirsis^fent ta^Dfytt^ 

'42^ . A>» an odd,aoddcflt tfcaflbcfel 

; Menitpus^ lieattnant-gcneral under , him^ VI. 2§, z^. 

"'''; ; ? tricks^ II. 22. Jl!frf4^«^/ the: a«;hitfeift jBoiMnuei 

l-MeniffHs of Caria,Si rhetorician, _ the boildinfi; that teid'- b^n be* 

i^ flifwciuj the fun erf" Credn devotes MBtetia^ fee; Gr^V/W ill^/J^ III. 

r -" titafelf t6 death foi- Ws cbun- ' iiii. ** v • .ot-.l 

Menon commands the fhff^fidfi^ Metif^t^^p" high-t>^,'^ SfU0i 
* ;liorrc,; V; 27; ; ' ' iomks hi^ ii^^^&alia, 


¥ ^ » 1^' X 

, fifter of Clodtui, ^y.A^i, . ■, , , „.oj. Hm fchuman wfolulion, 

for- &e mu>d«f orcS^^riV, ^- IV;A«^ , .^ -. 

• 'In "the' war • agiiiift^e^f/A*, ' i!f</<r«ji), X frfiriliice inftitiitc^ bv 
1-. «he^.afori(M f<* Sis^tttenwit, "^ .^i^^ii&i jj^rJo^ what octafioi^ 
c 111. III. His cppfbnc^,.X39. I 1, ji, «^.^_ ... . „ .^ . 
An^cxcpUcnt feymt^pf ^s, Jlff/£?« thc^afboliger avcrfc td^e 

rJl^tmifn, Pf ^W, the boM ^Ufiftion •jf/Z^^a a Tai^entini^ his artii^r to 
. j^C^yJi^\^ Sl^^ '" deter thfp fe^ate from caHing 

]^etiffi^4^\Pw, Kis^charaAfrr, iV. , Pyrr&iif tQ t\pk fiMinqs^, 111. 
• 1 61 1 32I ^efafei toe challenge 72. 

. ifi£^.&i^<?r/»/v 1-7*. I^ays fiege Metriiim a player, Beloved ;J>y 
;; S'%l?^Vm^ 5^^, m, ai&. He j^Uyed 

": "^> lyrqed to xaife* 1 8, Woiwad- ^ ■ womehs parts,. 96^^ Nw 

e^ip W*^" ejigagenj^nt iear 5«- Metrodorus of ^rijj^, fh^ifavbarite 
•;*|^/^gpv^i. .^T]i<^^^ e^^of. MUhridaUsy and as (ijA 

"• h2«I.i^poii his antiy^ ihii. • He v called the King's father, llll 354. 
.. fets'afprk^' ]ijM)h the head of t> Put to death ^t that prince^ <and 
d<r/m«/i 27. 'Jffis vanity i^on .'for. what, i^i^..'^ Magnifi^ntly 
.. Mying , onc^ ^t the better of * v baried by Ttgrunn^ * 3 3 S* 1- 
Sfftorptsj, ibid. As he "grew «JWk/r<>^(?rw adancervV- 307. 
i^ years' hf degenerated, and ii//V/0ff heads- a()arty^4of J^^^r^^^r* 
lived in luxury, 1 3 3,H ~ • . * ii//»i/, V. 26. . He is routed and 
-Jlff/#&if'arelatioli of the^ former, '' killed by i'^w*^ ibid. [: . 
fent to command In Critt^ IV. -Mtcion of ^/i&«rx 6ppofcs Ar^ut 
i4^< His refdlutipn and con«- • VI. 184, . / 
' "ftancy,i49» . '^;v'- '^ciffa^ ^Yi\v^m, Africa S^xi^ 
SAftelh^s. lif^(^f. Tribune'- pi^ * the ; corn tp. the . Roman General, in 
/: jMOgleV .OpppfeV'C/i^2^y. feii- - ' 5«r^/«y^ out of refpedl to C/i/Vi/ 
' ing oh toe pablici}: fnoj^eyc, IV. • . ^rac^kus^Y* 209. His ambafJa- 
"^fj JJ^^v ^ decree prgi>9fed dors driven put of theTenate, iB. 
tynim^ V. tyr/th^mt^nz .Midias.^n, Athenian exile intd:- 
ifumaoe nfe 01 to get itpafTed, ' cedes with Sylla for Athiui^lUm 
v ilird^.^y^4 His l^haviotir' to . zj6. ^ ; , 

dari^ 434* His incoa&ahcy, „ Mldia%, vAxyi PcmoftbeMts dropped 
' ' 4W^'' ' ' '• '* - ./ the accufation he had preferred 

. J<^W?. ^if'^f >^M l5!*«--w- ^^^^^,r^*^» V, 3»7. 
..V laWf IV. 48u|^ ,HAjcpilie4> but . ilfiXa« taken by the Uttmans^'ll* 
\ , 'eifq^ef the profccutioiu,^^ .3I5. ,« '' ^ " .^ 

.S^nt ifito «^>r by i^/$t, 193. > MtUfiacks\ obfQehe wntiag^bf ^f» 
after Pmf^'% dw^at t^^.. . .rifi^^» ib,<;alled» JU* 45CU 


2 If S> B S. 

lili«i<K«iMii( cMked bf lAe 
. JBmMm ioAead «f Ctafub^, I. 

J|j^(kttdl6d htfArfim to Qp(iafe 

ili/7<7 puts up for the ooMSa^t V. 
-J - . .. » 

Jitfc, AMus^ Ac ttibvQft^ tetzes 
CAi//«i, V.446W HelciUsCAr- 

|fi/M of 7^^/« a friend of 
2>/V^«» VI. 21. What he laid 

' toettoonragetbef^^ien, 23;'. 

Mbiadet oppofes i!lbc»Av\ct given 

1 b^ fbemftockt, i. i%6. The^firft 
in dignity and aiithonty c£ the 

f ten AthemAtt. Generals, i 1. 5 89. 

• The fiither of ilfAVM, Hi. ^7. 

. Fi&ed and ocfi into prMon, 
where he died, 278. 

*Milt9. a' fkvoomfe ooncobine df 

I Cy^ui the younger, IL 54. 

MimaUmeii the B^ceboMmb^' b 

I. .called, IV. 2t6. 

Mhuktrus tHie. Sfmrtmt Adiliira], 
who had worked die Jibeuian 

\ fieidtf is ddeated by Jid^a^fes, 

V U. 1x6. Killed in batde. 127. 

Minds. Great minds are apt to 
produce great virtues and Us 
great vices, V. 2.34. 

MinervA the SjlLpdanf I. 11 1. 

OptiUiif 1 1 8. A teue ereCted 

to her by Perkks zsxotbe GoU- 

4e/s of htokb^ and. on what oc- 

cdioh, IL 21. Her golden 

ftatne by Pbidiast ibid. She 

appears in a* dream to the 

'' inhabiunts of ///tms, IIL 3 1 7. 

, The ItMian, IV. 85. 

• Mbes of gold at 7b^fos^ III. 293 . 

nMiim fends to demand tribate of 

the JtbenianSf L 15. The terms 

' , on ' which he confented to a 

peace, ikd. There were two 

of that name that reigned in 

Cfvir» and one of them is ofifen 

' ft 

taken for the other, 17. N. 
.35. Why abofeil on the Jtke- 
mtu^ thenue, 1 7, 18. He goes . 

at Atbauy tg* 

Jt6t0emr, a nionftar defatted by 

Euri fides, I. 16. SUwbf Tbe^ 

Mlnotrme, what: At. WMifliates 

thereof did to Mariui, ilL r^g, 

•t^.- -••• •'*..-. . .. 

Mmmatif when di6M>r oU|ged to 

,i ^oit.his ofioe, bccaiAa rat 

,:. iwas heatit it^iaff, albe-^Amed 

.' Flifminim tL General* ojp the 

. hoHe, IL 3j6. 

^mmditSt Lmeimt choftn General 

pf the fc«tfeiJ»}r tJ»* didlttor 

Fabius Maximusy Uh ^. His 

itepnsdimte and pttfomptiMty 

,^U 6a. Left Gentrtl of die 

. ''army by Fubim,. 6f^ Attaelb 

HumkiU with (bme . foccefsr 
. ibid* Decived. by the peoplef 

to be eqihd in atudiority with 

Fabius^ 65. His trimnph^ver 

Fabiuf, 67, 68. CitQUnvent-' 

: : ed by HmtHabaly^. His wife 

• difeoorfe to his foldierf» 70. 

. And fubmiffiiFf ipcieeh toMhUf 

i. ibid* ihrntciuji^ . Maraui ^o* 

ien quasftor> h a6i • 
Miracles, Plutoffi^^ opiiuoii of 

miracles, L 530^ IL .186. 
Mirrours, concave, fay which the 

Fefial fire was to be^ rekikidle^i 

1. 168, 160. 
^hbtbrts or Mitbraa^ ^ feqtst and 

religioas rites of that deity, IV* 

MiibfidaNs King of Foi^ut after 
many defeats was fUU Ibri^da^ 
ble to the Remans, lU. 52. 
The fioariihing' condidon of 
his ilfiairs^ 231, 232. His in- 
terview with SjUa^ 249. He 
caufes a hundred ud ^[qrthoa- 
iand Romans to be maflaoed in 
one day, 250. Odrilpaied lo.a 
ibphift, 311* Taught to be 
wUer byexperieKOe, ibkf. He 
marchea to furpiiiiB Cjtucus, 
314* i£s endaifoan to iu^^ 


I- Nt I>* B^ %• 

* Ignorant of the extreme firarcity 
in hj> <;aim}«-. 3i7« , IUifi» 
the iiag^f /^'^* &^- His ef- 

' cape in a great flQNn» 3^0. 

* 7his>i[t^n»^as attributed jCo ^ 
indignation of 2?/A/M, and why, 
#^/V/. ^c, . Breaks up his camp 
in gq9$»|dij(^dier, 324. . Efeapcs 

-. throilg]ii'*i^e av^ice { of the 
; ^oma9f.[f^6ifiis,/hijil^,tS€. Sends 

an order to'' putjiis^iv^oa and 
. Mers to death, 3:257. FKes 

K^TigmmSf ^2%, Hisgenero- 
'^ i^yi^d humanity to' tlvat Prince 

after bis defeat, 334. . His 

O^ejrs tp Serforiujf and hi^ (ay- 

* ing uppatna^ Qeneral '5 refuiing 
^.theiiij ly., 29, 30. Hi« hu- 

* taili(y> 30. Sh^ up in h^s 
^ camp by IPfl^/eyi 453... .His 

dreamy iM. Defeated^ and 
fliet- wit)i^on]y three pjsrft>ns in 
hi« retjnu^, ^54. He delivers 
to qach of his fkvounte. iilends 
A deadly ^poifbn, his sgiemoirs^ 
' and what was coi^tain^d in them, 
i$K. W^ntod4<itti^s betwixt 
him and Msnima, ibid. He 
kills himfelf^, 166. ^ 

mithridaies of pQniu^ hi5 rallery 
on G^iz, VJ, 211. I'ut to 
de^th, 21Z. 

^ithridates the- feh of ^riobar- 
zatt4*i what pafled bctt^een hiq^ 
and Z)^«w/r/«j, V. 235^.236. 

MiihndaUs, an officer of the /*<jr- 
thianiy the advice^ he gave lo 

. uf«/iJ^,y. 33.1, 3^2, ;.335- . . 

mithridaUs rewarded py Artaxet^ 
xes for wounding Cj^us^ ^L 
1 Mi Why ana how put to 
death,. 127. .^ . 

Mithrohjarsuikes IJent witlj 
by tisanes againil Lucu:ilus^]il. 
339. . ^lain in battie^ 349. , 

MitiropauJieSf nephew toA.^*'J|f«> 
what he laid to DarwrafHiA:^ 6. 

MnajftJ^us\.^ \ friend' of'J'f^h 
Vl. 151. 

ikfiv^Zfx 4^ architejl £niihed i^ 
fiv^ ycdfs the porch- of ,tS# 
citadel of^ «#r^^ff/,- IL 21.. A 

* wond^ul aocidep.t ^ thaf If^p- 
pened during the courfb 6f mat 

w<trk, if id, 
Mnejtphilus a politician, the' m- 

Mnefiptolonui the daughter of ^^- 
' mftocUs devoted by him to the 

* fcrvice of Qybek^ 1.318. 
WteftbiUSy the pralfe given him by 

,Hemerf JIL ^3, 
Mneflray one of Qifnon\ miftrcffc* 

* 111:279. 
Mohj Jpollottiuty IV. 328. "N. 

C</tfr and C/f«'^ were his audii* 

tors, ibid. " , 

Molojpans revolt from Pyrrbus 

and iet up Neoptolemus^ lit. 60. 
Moloffhs an indifcreet commander, 

Molpada an Jmaxofi^ a pillar 

eredled toher honour, I. 37. 
Monarchy refufed hy' -Solon, U 
' 218., An enemy to eloquence, 
247. Difliked by the Rmans, 

* IV. 358. 
Monejss, a nobleman of Parfhta^ 

revolts to Aninttf^ V. 3 2 1 . Aria 
deferts him foon after, ibid: 

Momfa^ her temple built ontlMl 
, ground,, where- the houfe of 

'' Manliui Capiiilinuf had flood, I. 

I. ^^^- ' t. 

Money of th|5 ancient Romans t the 
imprefljon it bore, 1. 260. 

Money for the payment of the 
irmy coined near the feat of 
the war by Lac^l/us, IIF. 304. 

Motley (lafnped witn ah ox ii% 
memory^ of the ikarathSnian 
bull, I, 33. 

Money of gold pr filver cried down 

but iron money to pals,' '/AV. 
., The acl vantage;? thereof, ibid. 

yr. TiW iron was, rcndefcd 
*• unfit for'^y pth^ ufe, 116. 

IIL196./ * ' •• 
B b Money 

t u r> n It 

IConey the caufe of the ruin of Munathu afrielul ti^Cat&^ ^' SSf 

Sparta^ I. 1A7, 148. Money What Cato faid toh&a, mi. 

of all Greece depoiited at Dehs^ 

II. 1 8. When hrft afed at Rom 

to gain votes nncertaint 158. 

When at Athens^ ibid. Money 

anciently of a pyramidicat 

form, II. 87. N. III. 197. 

The icarcity of money at Athens 

in the time of Solouy I. 231. 

Money the finews of bafine(s» 

V. 169. 
Mmima^ one of the wives of Mi' 

thriiatei^ her hiltory and death, 
. 111.527, 528. 
Month intercalary, called Merced^ 

niusy I. 183. 
Months. Raman months do not 

anfwer to the Grecian^ I. 62. 

The irregularity of the Greciam 

months, 11. 414. 
Monuments an ancient cofiom of 
• anointing them, IV. 242. 
IMoon eclipfed, 11. 259. As 
*' Niciiu was embarking, a lunar 

eclipfe terrified him, ill. 406. 
Moons, three feen at Arindnum 

at one time, 11. 234. 
%A0on its changeablenefs delcri- 

bed, V. 277. 
fdother Earthy or f^eftot her temple 

at RottUf III. 230. 
Jliifothers, the Coddefles Cyhehy 

jMTiOy and Ceresy fi> called, 

II. 359, and. N. Their templt 
founded by the Cret4UUt ibid. 

Mourning, the time allowed for it 

at Rome J I. 172. And at Sfar- 
. ta, 142. 
Mulberry, Sylla's face compared 
^ to one. III. 217, 
^ules. Marw% mules, a name 

given to his ibldiers, and why> 

III. 119, 120. 
Mumpftius prevents the defacingPifrf* 

kpcemotC% monuments. III. 25. 
'Jjiummtusy the lieutenant of Graf' 

Juiy III* 429. Defeated by 

Bpartacusy ibid. 
tff^natius Planaa with his forces 

A difference that happ^ed 

between him and Catu^ j^ 

Reconciled, 76. 
Munjchia, vthzt EfimeMidts iaiA 6[ 

it, r. 216. 
MHTeejui commands the left wing 

o{SjlIa*s army, III. 241. 
Murena blocks up the city of 

Ami/us, IIL 323. He purfues 

;md defeats figranes^ 340. 
Murena Lueiusy accufed of brib^rv 

by CalOy V. 60. Acquittea* 

6 1 . His refpeft for Cato^ ibid. 
Mufiy csiXiedTacitay I. 165. 
Mufick allied to valour. I. i jj.' 
Muttat the wife ot Powtpey, dtt 

honours his bed in his abfenoe, 

IV. 167. He divorces her, 1 68* 
Muttanus Ceiieral of the army i* 

Byriay VI. 232. 
MutiuSf his refoltttion to kill Por^ 

JeaOf I. 267. His milbdce, and 

why called Sca<voia, ibid. 
Mutius the father-in-law of Ab* 

riusy III. 146. 
Mutw*9 bailiff* his ffratagem to 

iave young Mariust III. 146* 
MutiuSf a client of Tiberius Gra€» 

chusy made tribune by Tiieriusp 

V. 197. 

Mutius SaevoUt an eminent hw* 

, yer, V. 411. 

Myro and Menemachus feht by Ms» 

thridates to intercept a convoy, 

III. 326. Defeated hy Adri^ 

muiy ibid. 
Myron, the perfon who managed 

the charge againft the Execra^ 

blesy [. 215* 
Myronidesy a great flaterman, 11. 250 
M^ronidis perfuaded by Ariftides fio 

refer a difpute to an affembly; 

Myrtillusy cup-bearer to Pyrrhms 

diicovers to him Ge/bn\ plot tft 

poKbn him. III. 61. 
H^rto the grand-daughter olArif^ 

tides faid by fome to have beea 

jBoacriedto S^crateip II. 42). 


i if n 

'\hy the Pirfiaks towards his 

mainwnaacej L 317* 
iWyfteries or ceremonies of the 

Myit^ries of religion not to be 

divulged, I. 190. 
-Bjlyiferies of Baahui' celebr^iud 

the. t>ycntieth of September ^ I. 

Jtfy^hos a nick- name given lo Z)#- 
metriufji V. 257. 


NAhathean Arahs Demetrius 
fent to reduce them, V. 
23^. Defeated by Demetrius, 


NahiSf tyrant of Laceslamon, flies 

* from Meffene on Philofntmen^s 
approach. III, 15. At war with 
^e Romans and Acbmans^ 16. 
Slain, 18. 

NaiU* y^»^ the 7e:an wore 
' '^illv^r nails in -his ihoes, IV. 

Names of diftio^lioh given to 
feirdral ptrfons, and on dilFerent 
occaiions, U. 154. 

' Names of the Romans ^ III. 1 05 , ^06. 

Naptha, a ibrt of BititmeH^ its 
qoality, IV. 272. The drug 
with which Medea anointed the 
Crown' and veil ihe (ent to 
Creujay 273* 

Nafica^ SeeScifio Nafica, 

^aficay P. why he hated Tiberius 

' Gracchus^ V. 1 97. He requires 
the Confifl to puniHi Tiberius 
Gracchus as a tyrxntt 201. The 
fenate fearing ibme ill flioufd 
befall him trom the people, 
fend him ambaflador' to Afia^ 
206. T^e hatred of the people 
to him, ibid. He dies near 
P^rgamusj ibid. 

flaucrates an oratortperfnades the 
Afiatick citie* to oppofe Brutus^ 
VI. 8f. .. -• .. 


B X 

KanfiHeus^ TBe/etu pilot, I. iOti '^ 

A^oA-^r a celebrated painter, «hal 
iie (aid to u^r^tfi, VI..X57.J 

Neander, One of tlue young xfien 
who faved f^rr/6Mi In .hi»; in* 
fancy* III. 57. 

Nearckux a Pythagorean^ TI. 4^18. 

Kearcbus, Admiral of Mexattdis^.% 
fleet* IV. 36, 312. The ac- 
count he gave Alexander of 1u9 
voyage, 314. 

Ne^anabis revolts from TachoSf 

' IV. 1.08. The great fervicca 

done him, by Agejilaus^ i ia> ^c* 

iVf/wj of Scepjss, Tbeopbrajius be- 
queathed to him his writingf» 
smd thofe oiArifiotle^ HI. 25 1 • 

Nemea the courtezan, her pidure, 
11. 109. 

Neocborusy an officer of BaUartui 
flew Lyfandery III. 214. . 

Neocles^ the father of TbemifiocUs^ 
L 280. 

NeocUf^ the (on of Tbemsftoclts^ !• 

NecptoUmus the fon of Acbiibi 
feizes on Epirus, and leaves a 
long (ucceflion of tCings called 
Pyrrhida^ III. 56, 

Kfoptolemus iet np by the MoloJ^am 
when they revolted from Pyr- 
rj^f. III. 60. Pyrrbus ajQl^> 
dates him in the government, 
61. He agrees to the poiibnfhg 
ofPyrr^w/, ibid. Killed by Py#^ 
rhusy 6z, 

Neoptolemeus one of Mitbri{htn% 
Generals, III. 145. Defeated 
by Luculluif 307. 

Neoptolemus^ the captain of Alex^ 
ander^s life-ga4ird» what he iaid 
of Eumenesy IV. 36. His cha- 
racter, 39. His treachery to 
Eumtnesj 40. Defeated b)r 
Eumeuesf ibid. Slain by Eu-" 
menes in battle, 43. 

Keptunt^ the tutelar deity of the 
Troxtnians^ I. 7^ Styled tb^ 
/upportcr of the earthy^ 48* The 
Eqiicjlriatt Niptuntr*^^. 


I" m 

NirSKkfemfcroTf fifth in. ddceiit 

^ fiosi Antony ^ killed ius;mother» 

and liad nice to have been the 

r ruin of the Roman empire^ V. • 

-■ 3^. Hi$ rage upon hearing 

Galha was declared emperor, 

' VI. 1204. Hi£ death, 205. . 

'Ner^ii defeated by Cajnr^ IV* 

' 349- . ' 

• liicaa the widow of Alexander of 

Corinth, how circumvented by 

Antij^nust VI. 160. 

' Hicagorai a fecret enemy of Qlco^ 
nuneif V., 176. 

Hicagorasy the law he propoied 
when the Troexenians received • 
the families of the Athenians^ 

. > I, 294,. 
Nicanor fcnt by Antig^mis to re- 

1.., ceive Eumemes who was deli- 
vered, up by his fbldiersy IV. 

« -. j8. » 

l^icanor fent by Cajfandtr to fu- . 

• i .perlede Menyllusy V. 35. His 
reliance on Phocion^ 3^2* 

. UkanorSy a title tyrants were fbbd 

tf of, JI. ^2.' 

i-Nicarchus,^ great grand- ^th^r to 
Plutarcby V. 352. 

'. NiceratuSf the father of Nicias, II. 
102. Ill, 375* . . . 

> ' Nicer atus^ . the poety* his .conteft 
with At^imachusr lU* 198, 199. 

/ Kiciasj a great orator, and com- 

- mander, II. 102. In greater 
cHeem with the Lacedamonians 
, thsLTi j^dliades, 104. His en- 
deavours divert the <^/i^mA»i 
from the Siciiian expedition,! i o. 
Named againfthis will General 
in that fervice, 1 1 1 . In ibme 
reputation at Athens before the . 
death of Per ides y Uh 374. And 
afterwards advanced to thehieh- 
oil; poib in the ^te* iiid. 
His charaSer, ihid. The means 
.: lie, made 4tfe of to render him- 
r ifi^ .popular, iitid, i^c, Ap- 
^' painted to condud the band of 
mufick to JO^o!, 375. His 

E X. 

behavio|i]?M9n.t]»at occafion, Q]^ 
375. .Devout even to fuper- 
ftition, 376. And gave indif- 
ferently to the bad as well as 
good, 377. He led a mpft re- 
tired life, 378. The artifice 
he ufed to be thought a man 
overcharged with bufineis, iiid. 
He attributed all his fuccefs to 
fortune, and the favour of the 
Gods, 379. He bad no (hare 
in, any of the calamities which 
in his time befel the Athqiians^ 
ibid. He kills Lycopbron the 
Corinthian General , 380. His 
pious regard to the dead, ibid. 
He yields to Cleon the honour 
of the expedition againil Pylos, 

381. For which he is blamed, 

382. His endeavours to . le- 
Sore peace in Greece, 383, 384. 
He concludes an offen&ve and 
defenfive. alliance betweea the 
Athenians and Lacedaemonians^ 
385* Sent ambafiador to Sfaftkt, 
387. , Thae enmity betwixt him 
and Alcibiadesy ibid. He op- 
poies the Sicilian expediticfti, 
390. Named General with 
Alcibiades^ and Lamachus, ibid. 

^ His timorou«.foi^efight unfeafbii'- 
able, and the mifchievous con- 
^quences of it, 393.- His 
ftratagem againft the Syracufans, 
395 > 59^* An inflance of his 
piety, 397. Slow to refolve, 
but vigorous in the execution, 
ihid. He indofes Syracufe with- 
in a wall, ibidi Confined to 
his bed by a fit of the ilone, 
398. He forces himfelf out 
of his bed on a fudden, and 
for what, 399. He remains 
ible General, and is, favoured 
by fortune, ibid. His prefiimp- 
tion thereupon makes him com- 
mit a great overfight, ibid* He 
defpoadsy^ and writes, to.. 4ie 
Athenians X^.ftvid, him a fuccef- 
for, 401. Being over-ruUd by 


I' N D E. X. 

. ^€6Qegil|s hpih fosopditofiji^t 
• -andisWteiH 111*403. His wife 
: remonllfanciB to Demo/ihpnesf 
...who was esLffr for an engage- 
. - menu 4o4» The ill fen^ put 
'. upon thofe . remonftrances by 
' Dentoftb^nesi 4nd the other 9^1- 
. cersj.iW. He oppofes .th»epro- 
poiitions of Demfihenes for 
drawing oiFy 406. He changes 
his opinion,,, and why, ibid, 
, As the troops are embarking 
there happens an ecjipfe of the 
! moon, ibid /His ibper^tibn, 
and ignorance, ibid. Over- 
thrown in a naval engagempnt. 

Nichomaca the daaehter of Tbt-- 
miflmes, 1.320.. * '". 

Nicbomacus a. QreeJt that attended 
■young Crajus, 111: 450.; . 

Nicbomacus accja^nted his brother 

^^Cebalinu^ with 'a confphticy 
againft Alexander^ IV. 2^8.* 

Nicomedes driven oat of Bithynia 
hy Miibridatesy III. 231. Re- 
conciled %6 Mifbridates by Sijlla^ 
250. Viiited by Cafar,' IV. 

Nicon the name of one o^Pyrrbus^s 

\ elephant§, a remarkabte 'in- 
flance of his fidelity ^0 his 

^^^^s 111.102. 

409, 410. Impofed upon by Nj^ovides iheT^^AW,'a fanibus 

Hermocratei^ 410, 4x1. The T. eiigineei- in the fetvic^ of M- 

deiperate condition of hi^ affairs, ' tbridaies^ III. 317. ' 

and his great courage- uiider it, Nicopillsy a courtezan, ' mates ^ylld 

411,412. He pyeferves entire ^herheir^ 111. i^iy. 

. flimfelf at the fe^t of Gjiipfus^ ^ with a ' meflage 'to hjm'' jVom 

•^ . : and his fpeech to hli|i upon that . ^ ^ O^a^/^/kud the mscrtnef wttre- 

ocjpafion» 413^^ He kiJls Ijim- '. *in he. Acquitted himfefrtjf^ his 

felf, 415. The advantag^j of "! 'coiripiiljjon, V. Vjy. "^ 

. Nicias oyer Crafus, \.^6z,^c. ,^!A^y/p.'. Water of the M*/^ pii'elferv- 

iV/VflVZ?j the tyrant driven^,out of ^/- eel in the treafury of the Kings 

<ye?9 hy Jratm^ Itu/ ^. ^ He "''of Perfia, IV. 274. , -'• ^ 

' kills Pa/eas s^d feizes.on the 'Ni^iij^l'z'(^ky in 'My^diaia^^ by 

government, yl. 148, • ', He - , t;Ke GVf^ij c^led\^«//«'r;?, raken 

ies, 153. His' palace plunder- . hy Litcul/u J, III,: 35 r. '*-' 

edf ibid. ] Nones of^tbe ^oaffl\K2^zt}^ofm 

Nicocles condemned todiej V.^ 38. "^*^* in memory of Pbilotisy^zna the 

, ,A faithful friend to Pb^pion^ j; jotiter feryant maids,^!. 5^,'359. 

the favour he alked of Pbocion^ Ninitis^ 'm ordered ' ' by ' "Saitirfnnus. 

•» ibid. 

Nicocreon King of Salamii^,lV, 

. Nicodemus, a Tbehan% both blind 
and lame,- PelopiJas^s obfer- 
vation upon him, IL 291. 
Nlcodemus the MeJ/eniaUf his excufe 
for changing parties, V. 388. 

Iit.'.ijs. . . ^ 

^0A[%, "the Viephewof 5y//^, re-7 

je^ed by the peopIef,ITJ^ 2*30. 
Ncniusy Ci^ero^s faying upOft'^im, 

Norbanus the conful, and young 
Mar i us, defeated by Sylla, 111. 

Nicogenes entertains Tbefniftocles Norbanus narrowly efcape§ 'fro:n 
at ^g^f U 312. His con- JBrutus, Vf 91. 
trivance to get him conveyed Novelty impofes on the imagina- 
to the /'^;|;/7«a cotxrt, 312,^^. tiOn, III, \2%* ' 

£ b 3 Nttmaf 

1 N rl E- xl 

« - 

ffmrna^ a great djAerepce as to the' 

' time ymtfi he reigned, t. 152, 
Reported to be the difciple, of 

. £jfiiagprast 1 5 3« Deioended from 
the Suhins^ ibid. Ele^ed King 
by the Pumaniyizb. The time of - 

. Jhis birth, ihid, xiisxharadler in 
Ills private life, 157^ Married 
^atia the daughter of Tafius^ 
ibid. On the death of his wife 
ke betakes himielf to a country 

. Ii&» iii//, . His oonverfation 
with the goddefs EgeHa, ibid. 
Several fucli like ftories, iiid, 
t^c[ The political advantage 
pf-fuch reports, t6o. His 
dge whep he was ofjered thd 
kingdom, ./^/^. His anf&^er 
' to tbofe w))[p were ieht to ma^e 
him that o^er, 1 60 , 1 61 . He die- 
fctibes his indinatioii to a pe^e* 
ifui life, gir4' His fether and 
^aytmi perfoade hi|^ to accept 
|fih^, c^r^ ^'&y. Aim} ^is own ci* 
idi2^ni5> 1 02. A general joy and 
&pt'fices ajpon his Acceptance, 
ibid. He.firfl confiilts, and is , 
confirmed fay the Gods, 163. ' 
^iit method of corifultingtlTe 
Gods, ibU^. Hf iiri di&iiiles 
the band eflabli&ed byJ^^^tvf- 
' Aj for his lifcrgoaKi, ii/^. itC- 
tabliihes a pr»ell; in. honour of 
■iflemuutSt iJbid. His method of 
bri,nging the Romans to a more 
iiumane sempecy 164. . 'He ibiv 
bids the, rcpj^ffgptirig* God by 
Images, 165. Inllitut^s'tfie/'Mr- ' 
iifices or. chief prjefts, 1 67 . 'And - 
the veMs^ 168. How'thehdly ' 
^re was to he lighted, /^/V. ^c, , 
The' privileges of the v^ftals, 
170* Their puniihments, /^V. 
JScc, The Pmtijices to dir€£l the 
^ites of funerals^ and the fervice * 
.of the tjjfernal Gods, 171, 172. 
He prefcwhes rules for mourn- 

, ing, 172. Eftablifhes the ^aliij, 
'Aad xhe J^eciaUs, 'M^- A bf a- 

sntQ his haiKli for the Safety of 
the dry, i ji^l Builds a toyai 
plac^, 176: His inl^itjitioni 
rcfemble thofe of Fytha^ofas^ 
- 1 77. ; Not to oifer wiae 'ftwt 
a vine not bruhed, iUd^ No 
»cri6^^ to be without meai;?AR/, 
Arid to turn h^uTid in th^jir 
woHhifr,'//r¥, ; The.gre,at opi- 
mon ni6 kmam- had of him, 
17^. Abfurd fiories tthac 
' are tbidof him» 178, 170. .A 
faying^, of bis, 180. . H'cpujids 
a tfemple to Fsxlfh 'SLndTer^futsp 

* or Ae Gpd of boundaries, iM, 
' DSh-ibotcs the people according 

t<X theft arti^ and pofefftobSj^ ttnd 
his vki^ thfefein, i^a. He 

• ameittdis the law . that !jgava 
^thei^ power to ieij t^^dr.ciiil- 
ireij, iM, . He attempts toi-e- 
ftirm the ^aien^ai:, 1 ^3,, , *6f r^ 
Jdnuth temple, or the tonple 
of war,' continued fhut kU his 
«e^gA» 1^7' His wifdoftii, ho- 
%t2i.fysA jaiUce dfffufed it{elf 
amon|^ 4|1 the • ^roupding ' 
nations^ ibid^ The felicity and 

: traft^uSnity of hi& reign, i^'S. 
His wives and children, $bid^ 

■ Th^greatfairriiiesthatdefcend- 
ed from Vtt^t ,ibfd. His d^th, 
189* His funeral, 1^90. His 
body was not burnt, Snd, Two 
ftdne-cbffins, one for his body, 
the ^ther ior jbis books, 'Ai.- 
Thib number of his bboks» 
. , Hid*. At what tin^ difcov^red, 
and by what accident, ihtd* 
^c. .Buri^t by order 6f the 
Senate, ihid. His glory. ren* 

•deredoniore jkrfpicuous by the 
rtiisfortttnes that befel the 

,K.ings that fuccecded him, ihid. 
The advantage o^ Numa abotc 
hycarguiy 194, i^c. A great 
£iLzlt in Nttmcy 199, 200. 
Numantims poilefs thenifelvcs of 

I N O 9 X. 

fnl, V. 187. Their rdpttdfor 

Knmber Eight iiKred toUffnme, 

and why, I. 4S. 
Wuntber Twenty^Ei^t ike vntnes 

of' k, f. toe. 
MtKnber Threes the pcdedion of 

it, II. 60. 

the advantage of the iU nfe 
they aiade of the viaory, / V« 
He (allies o^t of the-caftldty and 
ikt% Jt« to the city^ 4a« His 
tronps driven back by JOiou^ 

Njfii^ a <aty befieged by Akfcan- 
der^ IV* 301. 
thmurimsy a friend of MariMt^ fWO- :^{](i^ the fiiter of Mitbridatef, ta» 
vides him a fltip for his efcape, ken prifpner by Lft<MtSt which 

III. 146. 
Numertus taken pnlbair bj^€^/ar, 

and ient wichoien of peace |o 

P$mp^t IV. 194. 
^««/V//aff King taken pri&ner by 

Sciphf IL 86. 
Nimi/9r, defraoded of the:King- 

dom of jfds by his brother 

Jitm/ius, I. 53. RelloFed by Ro- 

muks and RumUf 59. 
VuMditugy the iZM(i0ffx ipoaliod 

their market days, becaufe the^ 

returned every ninth dfty> II. 




OAK, ialdiers i(/h0 J^yedfa 
citisen's life q^yvn^vwith 
it, il. ,14:5. Secsed lo J^phfr 

ient iboum in JVv/^a^'f j^e» 

Omrus^ a fiame gtv^n^Os^lS^^^^ 
ivei the Second, VI. xii^-r 

Nurfes, Spartan nnrfes amoh va* Oadt» 4iie method of takiog it 

laed, *I. 127. Their meChod 

with children, ^id. > 
Ifyi^ieim^ a pboe whtreqiweve 

diibovered fpriags of,^> JII. 

*Nymphs, Sfhvgitideif their gave, 

II. 400. 
Nympkidia, the bailaid daughter of 

{^alliftus, C^oAr'scfrecman, VL 


'Vfjmfhidius Saiimu^ ' vthm he pro- 
miied to thefoldiers K)^ declare 
GaiSa'Empntory VI. 201 • tHe 
ufurps the authority at J^am/*, 
206. What he did to accomplifli 
his deiigns, 206, ' 207. His 
attempts on the govemnent, 
211. He is killed. 212. 

'Mm/i^/<;^^/, who £> called JI. 400. 

"iiypfius the Neop^Utam^ ient to the 
caftle of Syracu/e by Diovjifius^ 
with' provifions and pay for ihe 
foldi^s, VL 39. He is defei|ted 

amongft the Syracufi^ns, VL 52. 
4(htni,^ oath,;II« f 07. Oath ^f 
the Atbinian Genemis to D^ako 
Mk imcuriioii twice a.yearinf> 
A^drAf, .|I. .41. Lovers ^atn 
takfn ppenthe tomb ofj^ausf 
IL 30^. .Pieces of red hot iron 
thrown into the Jea by An^idt$ 
in conBrmation of an Qat£i^ IL 
4ap. Oath mutually taken bf 
the Kings of Epirus and .ttieir 
fufajects, IlL 6i. Oath i^en 
by thufe who we|£^judge 
■the prize in the po^Hck ganiet^ 
III. 2S5. The ConfiilsoA^h V. 


Qci^Hs^ why he wooM not viiijt 

his Kingdom of Perfia, tho' it 
was his native country, i V. 3 1 5 . 

Ocbmy one of the fons of Art ax • 
€r^eff VL J 39, Occafions tlie 
death of his two brothers, 144* 
He fucceeded his father, and 

B b 4 #41- 

' ' nuNai^ 9^ Bis preckJetflfeA in 

':•:; cruelty, V*I/i44. '• • ' '' 

Mercellu], -iBId .* WarrM tb' ^»- 
" 'fony\'. 7'^iir:<^S^ 'r^onHfei^ her ' 

O^^ 3 2 X. 

, brother ^nd husband* . 5 19; Ob- 
^ 'tarns* leave from' her> brother to 
. g9 t9 t^^ hosbahd'/ ^ j6*. The 
'. lupplies flie 'brdught with h^r, 
^^'%'d. She rct'uriis to '.fftt!^, 338. 
• • * Her horiourabie depcMihent to- 
. wards Antony, ibid. Htr con- * 
cern that (he (hould be account- * 
ed one of the caofes of the 
ciyjlWar, 341. ' 
O^a^itts'i CneiuSi his gOo3nfcfs*tO 
^^ Perfeus, IL i6^» ' ' 
OSa^his the* Confdl qnai^Is with 
, Qinpa, and drives him out of - 
'^'BfkkVllt 153. IV;' 8. Bis . 
'qfefraftbr, ftl.'i54.*Too*iriuch 
j^Vento fuperftition, 1^5. Seized 
'^ arf!Pput"'to death by order of 

M^f/V/, ibid. ■•' • 

Ot^ius aiHlflinated hj Chtna^ 

'Om^iUs^ thegpveTnOtt)f CHicia, 

f ';^%'aeatHrni'. 5io.- - ^• 

' pSia^rus^ the Heut Aant 6f Craffus, 

' ' llf.'V53.'tn vain endeavours to 

' ' comfort bipj/^/V.RefufeS to ftay 

behind p-^/ when he went to 

iurena, 457. Killed in'aquar- 

\rcl, 45^.. '. ■ " 

OstoFuimy Lucrusy {t\it\fy Pompey 

tuf^y. 348.. 1.: 

Offm;iui>^-*$ai .Afi'itmi^ G^urv'^ re*- 
plyvt»hito?:M. 438. . -79^: 

OaeufHy or mtific*^n>qinr^- built; by 
/^4>'jWW:iii isHtatbs of |Im-KJ% 
ciPirfia\ paviiioQv If ., a Ik . 

OeeoiMfn^q txivpsutt /of jMrfiwks, 

II. 464. III. 420. 
t>if9dpftmiGn!t of Che fon^i^f Ths^ 

by jlha^y L' 24^' 
Oetius, a river in 5/ar/« the ^ime 

ftsCpM^i&fir; i.. i\u ' \ 

Ofltla bticriWa^ b^fiegips Marius 

ia Pr^taefie^iUL 45S. Munfered 

by'^/it's. order, 26;5» . 
Oianthgf, one of pMtUn^^ixe yonn- 

g^'flattecers, V. 175. ' ^ 
Cm, wholibme when applied .put- 

vW^utUfyiaaHl defira^iye if talcen 

inwardly, iLA465* . » • 
Oily fpring, where fouad> I V^^op. 
OlShUf tutor iXQ'If[iffgine4*&i.jfhil-^ 

dren, Lt^iz,; . > 

Oligarchy at Saitios aboIiflie4 ^y 

PericltSf H. 54^ -^ ^'^ 

Oligarchy e&siQiQtifid it ]^i^m^ 

U. 123. .124.,... ► 
OUve, a fpriDgMCiiliAd.. by thft 
• iNUnb, freot'Chi? -^jpoln^is find 

fweetnefs of the water, II. 306. 
' The^facred Olive at Atbens^ A. 

216. V. 317. 
Oiarutf (King^) ' thfc father of Hcgc- 
Jifiyie^^tkiatakotkitsi of Cimon^ ill. 


to fuperfede Mttelhs in (jrete, OlckaaH^.^-ntkA&tRHXi in Mitbri* 

tV. 148 . Publickly difgrjfted by 
Melellus^ 149. ■ • '. > 

t)fiii'vius, C. 'boafted without 
caufe of being concerned in* the 
murder, of C^ir, IV. 400. 

0^a<vius, fee Augujius C^jfar, Y. 

301, 302. Vh 'j(>, • . <. . 

paa<viuf Marcus, the fellow tn- 
bune with fiberius Gracchut, hi« 
good charafter, V. 193. Tibe- 
rius deprived him of hfo' office, 

^Mnjius Marcus, and Mar^m Juftt- 
mh comoand the xnain Oody^ 

W4///S army, ill. 324.Hisflra* 
tagem xh kill Utculhu, mifcar- 
ried, .325. 

OlymfianGameti {coGames^ I, 35. 
A oeffiition of arms in Greue 
during - the Olyvipuk games, 
102. and N. The vidlors in the 

' 0/^M/2tf«gAmciS} how rewarded* 
2^3n1. Aicibiadis fent feven cha- 

' riots to the Oljmpkkg^ts^ and 
at one time carried away three 
prizes, IL loi. There were fcve- 
ral Oympjan games before* the 
firil vulgar Olymfiadf I* loi « N, 



•W. ^^z: •»• 

Oi^n^ait^E&mM^ fiddity to her / 'Z\0. XU^m^ 

and her ifiiie^. IV« 49. She in- Jratus, 186. , 

vitcs£«wrffa t^ ilAvr^i^oii, 50. In iQmi/is fT^S^t% - lArtmkirxes Wflk 

her yoads inkiat«d into the i« a large pomemnate^.Vl. 115. 

' holjr jiiyfteiie6» zz^. Her OmpJiki/e, JiermSa becomca arvo- 

. ^ftam before die eoafamma- ' lomary ilaire (o her, and wh^» 
tioa of her marriage with /^'« ^.^^LS;. 

ir/i ibid. A dittgon lay dofe by ^^taarusj^z prieft of Baccims^ <iaid 
her as ihe ilept^ 226. Stie was . i to Itave married -MAtbuy L; 24. 

Onefiaritus^ IV. 233. Seat by 
Akxandar to foxhe InMam phite- 
• « ibpb^s, 3J.1. Alexsmkr .wakt* 

■ iiimhi$ pik)t».3J2. . ^ . 
Onomarcbus^ who had robbed the 
.teiiiple at Dtlphi^ killed in bal- 
•rtle, JI..228...N. .•-':, .... J 

.addided to.-' an eathufiafttok 

fuperfticion^ ^hid^ A' &ying of 

h^Sy upon the vanity of her 
. .' ion /Ihxatidtr^ 2C7, She was of 

a jealoos and implacable ^teoh* 

per,- 234. Her .inhumanity v}o 
•JChopatraj. 237. Her letter to 
* ,JUxMul09*^ advifing.him toAhe Q^omarcbus^ wfarhad;the cuftody 

more moderate in his revirard- ' - ;<ii ^ ^EMinenestj ihis converiation 

ing peribns;'277? Sheand Cfib- '^'' . «dth him» iV.. 5^»:6au 

fatr'a tttiSe SL^Qaooyaigdnit' Jn- Xhumaflus a freed man oiOtbo% 
• tipatery and -divide^the govern- "■• VI. 222 -. . 

ment, 314^ .:>,'* vX Ofheluu^ (King) and thofe under 

Oympiodbrmi' ^ brave jMmian '^r-^na commandwbcoug)it fr^a 

commaiftljSr, IL 404. . ' 3^^ffpkf xoxo^Battdar ^ Cn^ol" 

Pfympusf '^^he height of >that //zj the divmer» -JU.'- g74« : 

mounUiti, .Ilvzjyv . ^ i. Opima Spoiia^ xvl^^L/^i. "i 

O^mjpus, a dty^in BampkyHey the ' OpifHtius the Con&U ofi^pofes O^fu 

myderio (is cereihoDies perform- • Graccbut, W.'ZtOi?zii,.ibi 

ed« there, IV. 141. «re£b a. temple . tf^ • Concord^ 

Oiympu$i phyfician to ^Inpaira^ 225. He ularps the, power pf 

V. 364, : '. • i : ; a Didator, i^'<^ His ej(tes^ion» 

Omaftesf fee Bacchus OmaJliSy I. ^' • ibid. 


»< • 

Omens happening to Rmulut and 

Remui-h'69. ToTbemifiot^h 
z6o: Ta CamiUusy 3 c6. To 
Pericles J II. 9. To Ascibiades^ 

134. To' ^/K^AfMT, 202,^613. 

223. To P^ulus AimUusy ^51.. 
To MarctUuSy 344. To Phiiipy 
III. 34. To PyrrJwsyiSygS, 
To Syiiay 223. To the Rtmans, 
225. To Omosty 299W To the 
^Atbeniansy 291. I'o Crafus, 
439. To Aiexsmdett IV. 245. 
259, 260. To Cf/ir, .373- To 
Tiberius Gracchusy V. 184, 201 . 
To C. Graccbusy 217, ii8. To 
^. Atitonyy 344. To Odewiut^ 

348. To CVci»v, 46Q, ,461, 

OpUieus an JtaiiaUf whofe particu- 
. lar aim was. at Pyrrbmt to an 

engagemenCy IK, 77^ 
0//>ittj, C a frieai.'pf <ii5/Sw'Sj IV. 

E24' 345. ) 

OfttliUy'Lycurgtu baiU^ ^. tefijue 
. to ^ Minertua^ (armwci^Qpffltieg 

and why, I. i<8. .7^ . / 
Ora^ ' orders the : Atbeaiam, to 

appeaie JM/ctfi, i. i|;. • 
Oracle at Delphi, cpq^erning the 

city of Atheniy \. 32. j 
Oracle oi Tethys io lufiany^ I. 52* 
Oracle^ of Ap^lk promifes Lyrwr* 

gus to make his commonwealth 

.famous, I. 109. 
Oracle orders the AthenUms to 

««a to waUi 57f wood, ^* 293» 


t rs o n X. 

. ' i.^ bittl€» HI* 114. .' » - 
Oittde, where. the fpkhs tS die 

^r liHidiMteM^Mdetd ifi coder to 

btiJdifottverfclu^eiretttsytU. 2^2. 

.Omck: tktftxafte^ttofcotiAilt 
' tli0 oracle of ijf/^^b nbout^ tiie 

^^ - 4k^ «iiiw«r iliief fdDehrt^ I. 

.*4lmW 4f 2>f/jHl% >f>9rAj ibat to 
conflik ^ Grade, II. 400.'Per- 
^xed at die anfwery jJbV. How 
explaineU^ 40U 

'€)liafile'tif:^/)^Mriacry II. 41.1* 

Oracle of J^ih «t Delphi^ avery 

:* . v4«aiaHublcf «iife, 11. 414, 4^5. 

. OnKi« voifc<!i«iiig« kmeXiiig of 
Sfartut III. 204. The diftrent 
intetprcsations put oa it» slid. 
Orades about the focceffioiuof 

> -tile kiMgs of Sp^ta; 208. . . 

tf'OitcWi tj^maitjiercrf'conroltni^ 
it in die temple xi^Pafybdi^ y* 

Orades, V; 393. 

* <>rade» fiax the Scipht fboold be 
<i ' ak^ys vlAoriotfd in Africa^ IV. 

• : |82. How verified, i^m/. &r. 
?<Otfitioiis> Fiiheral, their original, 
t h ^e7.Retited b)rdie neareft 

* relation, IL 84. It was th^ 
' Cttftoai el' thej^MWinrr to make 

i' ^xnttiom for andent mattons, 
bat not ibryoang women 'till 

• ' 1 Ci^Ar*s time, IV. 350. 
Orator prevails more from the opi- 

tabn meA- haw of his virtue than 
« fiom"^' force of his do^nence, 

V. 385. i 
''D^^nies of C/t«f lit w%at manner 

he defrattded Perfius of his trea- 
^ fcre, II* 269. ' 

OfdHoaiSy^Partyan ambafiador 
- ' from Arfiues to SjUd^ ihe firfl 
-* that the PartHam ever feat to 
.'the i^Mvtfax, IlL 221. Put to 

death afterwards by the King 

Ibr letting ^ibaffin^e a ft^tjo- 
^ lity wheQ heiicliveRrdiufffm- 

Orwirr* Hit: emiNl^' t6 "CNifii, 
UL 459. Reftoivd^ffl exile 
by Sttmut^ 443. SSfed bv hk 

' loo PBrsam^ 462. V. lifi. 

'O^ir^/ « Of/n, kHls Py^feig^ the 
(anoiPjtfhtsiahaxtk^ Ur. 9^. 

Orvmafiies^ or Oromaa^i, the ^ood 

![0d fe cafled hf the Perfiam. 
V. 264. VI. 143. 
Ofpfaan htiteflb, a hw xdatbg 

to nieui, r. a'ao. 
On^ians ami widows ejocbied 

ntmi payment at taxes, I. 2614 
Olpfaant taxed, L 324. 
^Oifbidiw^ m M . ejq>erienced 

officer of OMSi flain, VL 240* 
Or^dtun kiUel by JUxmrnder^ IV« 

Onbagtas^ a^ootfafiiyer, afijend 

of Timlmm, II. 199. 

€httbim^ tL name jstf -Diana, L 130. 

O/ccpheriOf or thefeaAof boikghs, 
inftituted by ^heftus^ I. 29. 

OJtmus, the brother 6f^r/Ax/rjr^^ 
*the Second^ VI. u6. His iky- 
ing to TV^tf^roi, 13c. 

Ofireafm^ an account <rfit> I. ^09. 

' II. 103. Agaii^ whom em- 
ployed, H, 103, 384, 393. 
and UL 388.. .How it cam^ to 
be diihonoured and abolifhed, 

Otaaiius die brother ofMfirallusy 
II. 331. ♦ . 

Qtbo the tribune, hiil' law in fa- 
vour of the ttotiM Knights, 
V. 42a. 

Oihdy .his debaacheiy; VI. 2i7» 
31 8« Made Ffoprattor, 2i8«. 
He declares fiir QMa^ ibid. 
He iogratiatts himfelf with the 
fcldiers, ^19. His^ debts, ibid. 
Appointed Confiil, ihid. His 
diiappbintment on i^'s being 
dec^ued fiiccefibr, 222. Pro- 
Viaimed Etoperor, 223, 224. 
What he faid on ktAiig the head 
of Galba^ 226« .Goes to tkt 
capitol, and iacrifices,. •^29. 
What he C4fiu* ^^ 

%' H « n Ki 

, g<^hegii?«iia^g^ofhis^eig^:2jo. ney imm^d^^witilr -im :>owL 

Heifluiwes the jajime.'of ,JVift , 111. f;9|5; .^ \ ; . ^ .. ,. ,j 
* • |n. hi^ d^t;cW,_/AWj,^., He ,0xfe-i%e4jp^jgici^ga^ j, 

. a^p^a a difturhw<? mmA : . .^^^.f??mit> Hi. f %* .- One laid 

. . ^'33- .He caafes oajy Wf. ^ , ^ l^^i. uTlw^W«e ^mm: at 

- tfte'diraifclft<id.%te.£x^.i^ . .i<m/J9i^.Mtmi^fiJ'^iMa, 
. .3rfc/.,..The effeJ:s^.^;|^^|o . . L 260^ ., ,^; 

^jn?/?^*^^.^a3'ttPWM ^iJ^r 28.81 ,a\v i. : .. clno> 
Flavm Sabinus QoVet^Q^r of ^'^^^^'i^j. ^^e brp^er.ofi4il;^4i^A'^ 

. j^»W, ibid. JtJ^.^an^cifjfeBir .^ the Second, yj^ *i i^. ^, ,. 

fie^ierals of 4e amy, .264- P«^ir^ftJ¥fe^i^^wr»*r .fciAjto 
. 'Tte iAftkttce 0f ^..folflier^ him, and. hi« anfiveri, IW^-^y^^ 

,, ihi^. . He <;;ofn^ tQjh^ i?flWP» i .^!^ of ithe niba^s of ^dhlkm 
, .itnd call^A cDuti^il of w^, 236. Jullcd b/ Alfxtm^,^ 3«4«.. J 

- The ^iff(|rqntf opinions, at»ut -..> . :. ,L^ :.. _. .'' 
, giving ba«tew 2|^ 257^,, He . . , ,. P^ 

fives oriter, fee . battle, ,^39. ,,_^ ^ • -> c • ' 

fw arw, deft^t^, . 240t The ^lj^^*flp fc»^ KX .^<& t^aflUt 

. 'fidelity of .hfis,.jf<>)4ieffti, ;S42. V •^^«-f»i4?%*^4i^d3<Wll>y 

. What Q|ie,,of<hi§}f9Wier^.feidto .^/^^fl^'wWf IV^. .Jl.a^: 13..:^ :.< 

, liiin ju& befofg :hfi J^i/kd him- raccus, a Ifervant to C^/ii -hangs 
fclf, ^/i/V* ,..JJi«^:l5p«^ch ,to his • himfelf, and oa whftc ^iT^^t^ 

... ibldierj^ M^ 240. Jf^««ff- ^:. 0--43^;' V- '- > -^ - -^'^^ 
:. »ort5;,he^avet<>*Ws n-^n^sand riaif^^/, ^'^^ l^ ^?J^ fjS^it be- 
.^ the ^nator&,'..a43., .Wb^t he • /.4^g, ^**°>'»^V?o«^ «>,;gKft-a9 ac- 
, fiid to Qocffhii .hi&i nephew, .^o^^tof hUcof^ujft,. Jj^fe.^^^ 
J i^2</* . Why h? Afferred ^opt- ^ >^ fej^i^, tic qour^ JUL ^^9!^ 
ing his nephew,. /'^i^. pe gives . tacianus^^ Cai^s^^a. Rmfi» thalt 
money, amongft his Jervants, ; \ inhch refejp^jed jCf^i^fi^ r. 111. 
i6:ti, ' The qrdfcrs h^ gave to 4j^9. The jife ^^^nrfv^fijiade of 
one of his.feiyant?, left theibl- _. niga^ 'i^^<^- . j ..- j 

. diew OiomM fufp^^him gwilty Pacianus^ {teFiii^Pafidf^^ IIL 
of his death,..244. He kills .. 4-22. - ,/,:,! 
.himfelf, Jhid, Xhs ^o.W»er^' cpfi- Pac$rus inairies. the King o^^me^ 
,cern fo/ him aftej; his. .4|?ath, «/Vs fi%f, ,111^,460,. .-^l^n in 
i^/V. His tomb modeftjand ; battle, 462. • 

plain, Uid* His epitaph^ 245 . Padarejm th^.Sft^fas, a rayi«^<of 
His age, -^nd the ihortnc^^ of., hisj, J. 149* 
his reign, «^W, 1 ...,., Paintings, o/ry^/f was famo*i$ for 

^va tlon, a fort of trium ph ann^ngft fine |jai r\tijags, V J. 15 6, . ^ / 
the komansf whether tbe^jfame-. i*^^^;/^^^^, .a dty^iv^ cp i^T^^^^ 
with the Grfii Mvan^ U: 362^ ^. .^hd(s By th^C^rfium^ to^pr^ridV 
5^3- \ ' \ , hip %ni(»|^ for his hoaie, 1. 

^^<vii'u/a, a nick-name of f^iiius^ S^h , ^ i 

Maximuiy JLI, 54. ., .i/<*/''^''^> >^'W.^tof fcaft^i I„62. 

i: Kl W E'- XI 

t 6gaiiA^Be/Au; I. 14. Ak de- 
feated* iW. • ' * • ^ 
P«/£}fy bi-otFitsr'or^iE^j and. &-' 
^ ther^f tlk'Ptf/Aifftf/^, I. 5; 
PalUsf her'amage' brought into 
^'ha^%f:,aikeai, L 344. BcJ 

• tete|yhe ftt 'Jthua^ by whom 

PaUeneanSf z tribe zt Jiivfts, have 

« tt»'riu^|e'6fidlkiice with the 

people of the w{ird of J/fgnuf^ 

• andwW; I^ »4r 
Palm, a mihj^ ib* called from tj^e 
< ^ooln&if 2lnd fiyeecpeis of tbt 

• V/ater, 11; 31^/ 
Wnwtrce^ ftiot op nestn Giji^r's • 

PammeneSf a pieaiant iaying of - 

his in re^^ to Neftor^d order- '^ 

ing his army, II, 307. Philifj • 

-thefbh^of *L^/stt^ff/iCT t&e iecioi^,. ' 

\ Wrought op with him, 317. -i- ;■ • 

Pamphikisf aTamous paintef, 'VI. ' 
t'sS: ' • . .^ • 

Pani^tiks the commandef oifa gaily 

ofTenps, which revolted frop ~ 

' ^frjt^j; r: 208. . ,' ^ • 


Pa;i<^//tfr^lfae phi]oibphtr« what he 
(ai&of Demo^ifenes, V. 385*., 

Panaihevaa^ or the facrifice^ of 
the united Athimansi I. 31,* * 

P'ahfa aid 'Hirtiui^ no taxes' paid 

itte btiwty «xd areat coorage of 

•his wile, igb^CSfc, 
Pantboidfs killed in batd^ by i*^* 
^hpidas, IL.t04, 395*. ' 
Pfipirius Carlo, the Conful, Is 
defeated by ^//a's lieutenants, 
•' and fifes by night to Ufya, III. 

Pataluj, one of the fons of Pert" 
' * cletf Q* 33* His father mudt 
'- grieved for his' d«ath, 49. 
i^frci^s iuirp p^eferved at Troj, IV. 

"' 242..- , ." ■ * 

P^ari/cas^ an etmuch belonging to 

'*"Gyft^, Vf. ii3. 

Parmenio the fathei^of/'i^i/o/^zirylV. 

'. 236. He sldviifes u//?jrizffi/^r to 

> beware of P^«7// his phyfidan, 

248.- liis' advice to AUxan^ 

* liSfr on the o^rs of Darius^ 

: '. and - AUxandns '■ anfwer, 263 . 

-' Why he advi^ Alexander to 

fight ' Dajtius ' by . • night, 267 . 

' ' '^e party he .commanded di(^ 

' ordered bj^'the Ba^rian hbrfe^ 

268. Hii* m^ilage to, Alexander 

for AcpoifFk; 27^, 271. Blamed 

for i%y ibid/ Alexander gives 

Bagnast hOuie to Parmenio^ 

2779 278. ^His ^vice to his 

(on Philetat^^^j. Put to death 

bty order. of Alexander, 289, 

by the R&man$ fron^ the time of Parrbajm and Silanio, honoured 

Paulus jEmiiiui to tfaeir confi^- 
(hip, II. 281. 

P/rij/^i and Hirtius the Confuk (de- 
feat .<fff/(7»y;- but are both (lain 
in the battle,* *V. 302, 

Pantaleon, a man of power amongil: 
the jEtolians, V i . 1 76. 

Pantauchuj, General. to Demetrius, 
overcome by Pyrrbtts in fingle 
combat, III. 64. 

Panieus detached by Cleomenes to 
feize on the walls of MegaUfolis, 
V. 166. His rare qualities, 
172. Slew himfelf on the bpdy 
of QkomeneSi . ibid. The exqui- 

by the Atbenians for having 
made pif^ures And flatues of 
^befeus, I, 6. 

Parricide, Lucius Oflius the firil 
among the Romans guilty of it, 


Parfly, ufed to adorn the fepulchres 
of the^ead, II. 223. Crowns 
of parfly given to the conquerors 
in the JJlbmian and Nemean 
games, ibid*, 

Partbenon^ thctemjJ^eof Afia^rvtf, 

II. 20. 

Part bian King fends an emb^y 

to Luculks, IlL 347. 


Jv N- C?: Br^r % 

tans, th'6* <!Vead(iil i4ea tlie 
Rofkans had of them, III. 440. 

. Their banner of engaging in 
battle, 447 i Thdr habits, W. 

. 285, i^ijl Defeated by jita^^ 
. V, 324. Few of th^m flain or 

. taken, iiid. 

Pary/atis, wife of DariuSf and 
inoth^ 6f Artaxerxts the fb* 
cond, VL Hi. Fonder of iier 
iecond ion Cytm than oiP^/^tr- 
€rxe$, 113. Accufed of bdng 

>■ the fble caufe of the war, ' i-i 7. 
Her character, ihuL The cruel 

' punlfhmoit iiifii3;ed by her' on 

• the Carian who had wounded 
Cyrus^ 12^, And on all thoie 
who. had a.hand'in that Prince's 
death, 127, i28« Shepoifon$ 
Siiatira, 13 1. For which Ihe 

- . is confine^to the dty of Bahy^ 
ion, 132. 

Pafidf the father of ^A»*//<&f,\VL 
146. S\Atihy Ificocks, 148. 

^aficrates Sdtig, of 5«^ in Cyffus, 

. IV, 262, 

tajtphoi the ,wife of Minos,' her 
familiarity with Taurus^ I* .22. 

Pafiphae, whofc daughter, Vr 1 52, 
The metfnitag of the nam^, 

^ ibiJ, 

-Patricians, a hundred of the moft 
eminent inen chofep for ooun- 
fellors, and to compofe a fe- 
nate, I/64; 'Retained only the 
title and honour without the 
power, 9S. Which incenfed 
thtm and caufed them to rife 
^^r\&.Romulus, 89. ' ' 
. Patro^ Patricians faid to be to called 

t from him, I. 64. ' 

Patrobm, one of Afr«*s fervants, 
. ptit to death by Galba^ VI. 

Patrocles the father, of ^^ir/, I. 

^Patrotlesf, a friend to SeUucus^ the 
adric^ h^ gave to SeUucus^ V* 

f«itro»^ V^d clle9tr» the. relatiou 

; t9Mr. fkupi qa 401. f^ek^o^r^ 

Patrons could not l^e Jwifnelt^a 

^ againft theiriclients, )|IL i id, 

P«4^/ j£«^&Kj')'Iarii|^* Confol 

with finrniusf^oKro, tim advice 

P^itirMaximiu gave bibf, U. 

_ 72. ^ His r^ly to i?ai/tfiR. ibid. 

lulled in the battle againit ^ffim* 

Paulm jSmfiitti, the ancient no* 
bility' of ihis //family,. II. 241, 
, 242. The {cu|!of4^cn»# P^- 
( Jus MmJitu^ .24 1 . Ij^e ' diilin- 
.-. guiilie^ . hnnitlr ii^ ,huV ji^outh, 
\ \i3td. The tnethodshe chofe to 
. makehimfelf &mous, iStiiJiM^t 
puts up for the 3^dileihip, . and 
carries ir, and is adjiiitted, into 
. the nunvbd: jd£ the . augurs, 
,iiid. l2(c. His e^aflnefs in 
. perfbtininj^ t^e office of augiir, 
243. And in military dtfci- 
' ^linc, Jbid. Sent. into. S^€un 
asprxtor, but Honoured with 
^ tfie eniicns of the confulihipi 
^ 244. lie twice Beats the Bar- 
. harians^ and; kills 30,000, iBid. 
HisdidntereAednefs and his pO'^ 
vcrty, tb,id. . He marries Pa- 
. firia the daughter of Maf^ by 
whom he had Scipio and Fabius 
Maxrmus, and afterwards di- 
voices her, ibid, tf r. Mar- 
ries a iecond wife, by whom he 
had twp ions, 245, His rela- 
tibns, ibid. The virtue of his 
daughter, ibid, csfc, Chpfen 
Conful, 246. He marchess a- 

fainft the £/^«n^ari, ibid. He 
eats them and makes peace 
with them, ibid. He is candi- 
date for the conful (hip a iecond 
time, but is repjilfed, 247. His 
care Jn educating his chiklren, 
,ibid. The Romans landing in 
• need of a wife General, foHicic 
him to accept the confuIQiip, 
2;o, 2^1.' Cho/en Conful a 
f<?confi.t4n\e, 2j[i.' And decreed 


* * 

' irar, II. ic i . A'^iSi}' jr|g ol*ts lit- 

-'^J^fetolcon His tfcine Aden Con* 
-^ fd;' /fcV. ' &e. iSfe . drdch' to 
' the fcndnds to MrMh witfibut 
"-^fcjetf arms, aiid'#fiy, '^55. 
■* Hb«r he fu^lifccTiiisr army ffith 
'** S^er at tli foot' oF Mo^nt 

** ^iido6b zgaM^'Fer/etir, 256, 
^- ^57. "Ac ajrf««rcf he mad* to 
^Ui fon Sc^h Najfca^ '•rho 
"'^winited to engage the eneihy, 
^■" 459. His beha^our ^orfng 
''* "the battle, 260, &c. He tic- 
*' feits the ene^y in die fpace 
' cf one hour, 264. A jro- 

di;^ that haj]^penied at hk facri- 
' fiting, 267. The news of his 
' ■ ' tiftory Teportcd m /^(mh in (bur 

d;^y^, iBia. The manner of his 

- recciviiig Per/mi tyo. How 

< ' he reproved Kim lor his mean 

« ^ behayit^ar, iBH. (fis diftimrfe 

to his Tons, (^c. on himian 
'' iffaifs, 271. He fends his ar- 
'' ihy mto quarters of refrefhment 
** <a&d goes to vifit Greece^ ftiid. 
^ The TervTces he did t6 the cities 

through which he pofled, Wd. 
^ • fcfr. His ch^rader of the 7«. 
• /i'/^r of Pbidiasy zjt. He ra- 
' ftorcs liberty to mact'don^ and 

reduces die tribute to half of 

^irhat was pkid before^ Bid. A 

pl^fiint feying of his on his ex- 

" a6tne& in fmall things, ihid. 

"lie. His difinter^ftcdnefs, 173. 

' 'He permits his ibns'to take no- 

"* thing but the King's boidks, ' away prifoner, Vi'2«3. 
^ /^iV. He gites riothing to his ^^aujamat tried at Arga far^ trea- 

fon-in-law'4"j^*^ but-a^bawl, fon^ I. 309. Put to deaths 

Wd. Qrdew?d 'by Qm fenate to fl^U ^r • ' v , . 
e his fbldiefrs thd pluh^ of P4u/aMiasKlnzofS/drta^m9tdkei 
Irus, ibid. *How^ h<i extec'uted -'htto '^/t/VaT IIL** iib^*. Be 

' mibi^s in^ J7#tfiV4r, ^ir. He 
obtains si trieaty atid cftdriei of 

^ T%eroht^ and n&gij3S\ftr(dl of 

■di^ttiwhWi; 276,^'esf^. Wiat 

^' he ah(*efred to ' P^fiki,' ^h6 

' Mlk)d te ihSght not be Idl in 

triumph, 278. Wfk proQi^ity 

■ "toblctb^d by^ death- of lA 

-' h*y> Itbns',*^ 279; His fipg^ to 

the 2f<^«r/riu toudunfg «is' 6wn 

' tnisftrtulies, «8p, #81^ 'i!%e 

' finall favour he was 'a^le «a pro- 

Chre- for Pirfem^ aSi. • ^e 

vitft tfuaidty df ttibney^'hc 

' brdu^hitotheti>^l%,'^J^iV. 

Honoured atfd reffae^ted By 'ihe 

' pec^ dK)* he alW^ys ttdh^ed 

to the nobili^r, 282; His 

^power as Ctnfor, V^j/; The 

nunalber of the peoj^e, ihid. 

^c. His ficknee,^^ ^5. • A4- 

vii^ byi^ phyfici4h» to d» to 

' F^Ua for theaif;'/^/^. ' Iftf^ 

turns to^ Rbme^ fl^id, ~ Ke re- 

lapies and dkesy iUd^ I%e ^ 

kmm'ty of his firtjAaf, /i/^^ 

-" fefc. Wheat efhrteh<?Id[t,'':^84. 

His advantages above Timleon, 

md. i^c. 

Pauks the Oon^ brought over 

to Oe/dt^% intereft by a bribe, 

IV: 188. C<ryZir gives himfii: 

teen hundml taleiks, iM, and 

Paului murdered by his brother 

Befidtts, V. 304. 
/'A^^wtf^ Generaliffimo tif aH the 

Omktf II* 399- ^shaiUghty 

behaviour, 4r7/4tS; ' 
Paufirihas^ ttk'oAcer^tif'StkiUiAp 

ft!f^ DemetHuswi <Sanies hia 

thi^t tommi£rqn, 1^/2/. k!Sc. -His 
return to l?«i»i, 2^4: 'Hitfol- 
diers di^sfad' wi|h%i(n/^aGi4 

I fl 13^ % %. 

, flits p Ttgei^ and defoCct hm- 
ifetftb aiechfelife, 314. For 
Itis pride deferted by die aQiesp 
281. His affair with CUpnicer ib. 
"fta^Amas (a youth) for what He 
moMiered FhiUt of M^£9d»n^ 

IV. 236- 
ffu^nias a phyficiaHf Au7ctmi$f^ 

ktter , to jbim about ttir ufe of 

Helktore. IV. 280, 

Tcvx of J/itakidfis, IV. 90. VI. 

, 154: Of iv/««i, u. 104, in. 

385. Pcac^ between the 4>ir- 
. »f4iff/ and dte King of PitAa» 

llf. Z91. An altar ereaed to 

J^iocf OA that occafion* 299* 
JPicuIta, eftatts wb/ fo c;aUed» I* 

fiiritb$ust an account cS his friend* 

ikip with The/etu^ L 4O9 41* 

Marries DeUamiay ibid. Goes 
' with The/eus to ileal £fe/p», 42. 
. Attempts to fteal CW, sukI is 

torn to .pieces by ber father's 

dog^ ibiL i^c, 
felagon tent by the Eubctant to 

difcoorfe with 7ha»ftocks^ L 

fiUi/gianSf what people they were, 

I. 49> 5^- 
feiopidas of an illuftrious fioiity in 

Tbebeu II. 290. The ufe he 

made of his riches, ibid* He 

imitated the poverty of Epami^ 

noudasf ibid. (5f^, Compared 

to Cafanem in Euripides t 291. 

He married into a good family* 

MiMi had many children, ibid. 

A faying of his 09 the ufe of 

. ^on^y iiid. The diderenC9 

between him and Epamnomdas^ 

ibid. Their inviolable friend- 

ihip, ibid* He efpOQies the 

. party of 1/nunias and Andrih' 
elides^ 293. Flies from Tb€bis^ 

. lind is fentenCed to perpetual 
banifinqenty ibid. His advice 

3» all the exiles to' attempt the 
eliver^ce of ^.^^ country* 
^<94* ^9$* ^Z^ oieiiruites k^ 

• ■ 

CO^^Cfllfd . liriA .tfMBnt 
Hw. be. t?^«tcd his 
Uidf iicn ,His ;^ig^ni^nc 
wi^ I^fe^Ms^ wbofxi' i^ flew, 
^QQf 50l« , Appointed. gO]Rr* 
nor ol Bm^tioy 302I. * HcW 
tacks ithe.qaiU/c, 'whidi is ^r- 
xendered to ji|m, ibid. ;Wb^* 
in compfiredto Thrafybaim^ 
ihid. l^c. The e&a of hit 
great actions,, /^. The 4ra» 
tagem which he and GorguUt 
contrived to make theAtien^tu 
and Spares <}uarrel, 303, .^1- 
way^ continued cap^n of, the 
fiicred band, or governor of 
£dMia^ 3P4« He kills iVi«* 
tboidis with his own han^i at 
the batde^ of Tiptagra^ 304^ 

305. A good anfwer of bi^ 

306. The battle of T^gy^^ 
where hr defeated a great n|im- 
ber of the Ltf e tdtemnians, tbid» 
And made ^ honourable .re<-^ 
treat, 397. Wbat he faid to 
his wife who defir^ him to 
take care of bimielf wben go* 
ing to battkv Til. 310. The 
dream he bad before the battle 
at Uu^m% \ibid» &r. Ho>r 
explained by Jiir«rrr/«j thedli* 
viner,^ 312. By his bravery de- 
feats the Spariamf 313* Shai^pf 
the glory of that vi^ry witb 
BpatHmad^Ut ibid. Breaks the 
l»v by not laying down bia 
command on the ufuai day. 
Hid. Ravages the enemies ter- 
ntori^St ibid^ l^e and Epdmi-^ 
nondas ieized as ftate priioners^ 
and iot whai^ 314. Tried a^d 
acquitted^ iiid. He marches 
with an army into Tbeffaiy^ and 
defeats Akxmndtr of Fhera^ 
316, 317. He goes into Ma- 
adorn as arbitrator between 
Piolemj and his brother ^Af;r-, 
^dir^ 318. Taken prifoner 
by Aiexmd^r the tyrant of fht" 

f'^iit V9\ ^ courage and 


.r » D « X. 

^-.ISl.cqiWfcriSiiiwivWitfc.T'Aicthe ^^ Eftab^ef £f^«^j in Cfxpf^o- 
, % JS^W«#a^.i3^^» Sent ^..FjoUtf^^^J^ Slain in.a ^mti- 
wi/4i->Hr • .GBC»tlx ^adw^^ in '^ 
^^ tbf i?^4 .court, iAwi .And 
^ hy 'fJrt0»ir»i9 liimiibl^ ^2. 
^ . Wh^t. .be f^tM^ipd, fr^oi ^ ihat 
> .'Kjy9gt i^. |ii^ nob(A amhUion, 
^ 324. I A %ing o£ his. on the 
^ gte^ mwb^ of th(& enemies. 

Roxana in the mur Jer of $i^ra 
and her fijfteV, 323.' " '!/£ 
Fergumu^ the libi^ i#^r.V- 

Ferignder proy ides a ft^kjjtj tQf, the 
, entertainmenit of the ieven ii'ik 

^5v Jiis.heioiQk hehavipar ^P/r/itfr^ the. jm)ther of y^'^zATj^q^^ 

.^ in thf little at fyMq/cgfhuLe^ ried i^The/eufi I., 30. ; 

. , ifaj4* .His too jwmic courage i'mc/if/ guardian to Alcihiadesi L 
., ^e.qiaie of his deaths ibid. 127* !/• 91* A fayii\g of his 

. . Th^^reat hpnou^.paid jto his ^^ about 4lcihiadesy 94.. At wW 

. Ihcjuory ^y the ihibansy 326. * time he made war agaiiiil So- 

^ The great gpief of the Ibi^a- ^ .mos^ I. ^8^^ -^Sj.., His orjgi- 
&PM nSr his death, /^/V/. The > nal« It. 5. His head too Ipn^ 
honpurfli paid . tp his dead ^ body .. and (Jifproportioqed, toj whic 

* by the cities through which ,, ' .• * ^i . « . 

i( wa3 carried* > W« The Tffe/- \ 

.. , JuUans de^ the honour of bu- 

1 1 .rying him, i^V. The magni- « 

. ficence ^ ^hjs funeral, 327* , 

, The. TMt^m ftnd an army into 
; ^£^^ to revenge- hja defith, 

., ^81, His adnu^tsiges pver 

; . . 4/«rr//4|tf,,.377, tsfr, . . ^ ^ 

Jftiop^nifi^m v^^ different . ac- , 

^. coHQis of the caufe of xt» II. .. 

^^feJpp9wfi^y tbe diffibcence.between 
^. the. inhabitants of that place 

J . 2L0d.jitb494f HI. ^78. 
^filop$oi Phrygian ejj^tra^ioo, his 
^i .wealth and childi^o> h ^y 4. '. 
. and N. .. 
^Fel^ (h« Bjscan4ifiep V. 436. ^ 

Qiursi's letter to him* i^/V. 
. PfHtHiCo/wmMdimptiiy who fo called, 

, I. «2J* .II. 383, . 

^JPfviiUck ina^^W^fc I. 264, 

.he w^ ridiculed bv the Poets, 
6u Taught .muiicK \>'^ Damon 
and Pjtboclidesy 7." A d'lfciplc 
oiZeno Bleat ^s^ ibid. An^ o€ 
4naxa^asf 8«. His patience 
and greatnsfs of mindj Si 9. 
Accufed of 'haughtine(s,\ 9. 
The advants^es he reaped from 
jinaxagoras\ inflru£lions, thid, 
A pfodigy that happened ih his 
houfet how explained, ibid. ,&C. 
,. Oppofcs Tbucydides zndgets 
tji^ hctter of him, ibid. Fear- 
ful of ofleoding the people, and 
..the more becauTe. he was like 
pijijlratus ia his countenance* 
i^V, '. His courage, 11. He 
chiefhr courted the cominon 
people, , and thereby (ecured his 
ij^tereft againft " C//»o»,, .^\)id« 
' The . change he made in' his 
^, ^, conduct ,when ' he applied to 
.jftate affairs, 7^/4^. Compared 

him clothcv. I^ i^^* 
Per dicers adv;^ced hy, Mexander 
to the <QQinn;md vacant by] the 



^;s caution when he fpotte m 
ings qL, nis, mdl . ne Oiade 

1 N OD E X. 

flmn in the batde at^dMw^JI. 1 3 . 
mie manner of his goveremeBty 
1^, 14. Thefirft'whodiYideci 
^e pablic money amoAgft the 

rAe, iM, ' For whkt reaibn 
made that diviHon, sM. 
He ieflens t}» powvr of the 
eourt of ArHfagm^ ibid; He 
piievetots Cimm^s aflifting the 
jfthkiani in rile hmniamnian 
war. 4)eGattie he wai a haoiihed 
perfon, ic^ He recails t?iiw»«, 
ibid. What he ftid to B^inice 
the fifter (rf* O«off| ^, The 
nobtesy on the death of Chmon 
fet up Thucyiiiies a kinfinan of 
CimoM*s to oppofe Fericlesj 
17. His poKcjr to gain 
tbe common people to Ms in- 
tewft, ibU. fife yearly fent 
out fixty galleys to teadi the 
titlsons navigation, ihid. Aqd 
ieveral colonies,. 18. He a- 
doras Athms with magnifieent 
^uAures, ihU, Thie eoih- 

flaints that were made againil 
im on that accOnnt, ibid. 
The anfwer he made to his 
itoemies, 18, 19: Decrees 
an annual prize^contention 
in mufick, and is chofen 
J4idge and difpofer of the 
rewards, 21, Accu fed of de« 
bauchery, 22. "^y Stefimbrotus 
diarged with inceft, ibid, Ac- 
cafed of lavifliing away the 
pnblick money in ' buildings, 
ibid. And his defence on that 
occaiion, 22, 23. He procures 
the banifhtnent of Tbncjfdides^ 
and then ' becomes taaiier of all ' 
the Jtbeniam afi^irs, ibid. His 
great power, 23, 24. His 
Aiends called \>y the comick 
peets, fbe nei^ Pififtratids, • 
ibid. The continuance of his 
power, 25. His oeconoiny in 
Ais private aisirsf ' ibid. > His 
behavimir to AttmtMg9irm, 26. 
Vol.* VL- C 

Pmpofeii a ikeree Aat ailth# 
Gr^iam ftmrfd fend depttties 
to Afbettf to hold a geneiaF a£- 
iembly, and Ibr what, ^id. 
He fendv tommfffioners thMvgh 
att Gneee, ibid* His p ro 4ti»c c 
in wtf, 2y* The jadgialeiic 
he macto of" rafh geoeMa 

. thongb f ^f ftfm t ii^ ibid. Agbod 
faying of his, ibid. "WYaX" he 
faid to Ta^mdm the bit of 
fVAM«f,ibtd. Hiaexpe^ioii 
fo the Cbtrfimefia very ai0di 
pleaied the people s8. Ad« 
miped fW his ibftions in P^itpm- 
nefuu ibid. Routs the Af^^- 
^anst ibid. Allifb the ^w^ 
fiemi againil the tymnt ^tmtfi" 
iawsj 2^« His pnidence in 
curbing the extravaginrt 'hn« ' 
moar of the AtkiuianSf ibid* 
He re-eAab}i(h«s the Fbvci^^s in 
the pofleffion of the temple of 
Jfolk at Dilpbii 30. He 
marches with an army into.i£«- 
baa, ibid* He bribes - Gkan* 
driitf the couiiodlor of Plifio* 
fMar to withdraw his forces out 
^(Auica, ibid. In his ac<KHint» 
ten talents ejq^ded- for a ne-- 
cefTary pnrpote ft«ely ^dliowibd 
by the people; 3K That fuVi 
yearly fent to Sparta hv Mbes, 
ibid. He reduces Enhtm^ ib^d. 
Makes a truce with the ilaci" 
ditmenians for thirty year»^ ibid. 
Decrees a war againft the ^$0- 
miansj ibid. He parts with hia 
wife byconfent, oy whom he 
had two fons, and marries JiJ^ 
pe^^ 33.' Has a fbtt by 
her, ihid, <He goes with ^^ a 
fleet againft ^at^s^ deftroys the 
Oligmrchyy and ^l«fts a fhrnQ* 
trucyy 34. The-^iMMMt >e« 
volting, he^ goee againfl them 
with a feeood fleets 34,' 35 « 
With for^-foor fhips he^defeats 
feventy. t)f the ^lUir^Mef, and 
blocks up the ymtt Hid. A 

.e grcai 

N D B' X. 

great error jCommUAed ^y Jiim* 

JL 35. Defeated by j^^^lfiK^ 

. ibid. He divider hif 9i«n ipto 

/c%ht parts at the fiepe qfSamos^ 

36. He ufes l^attemigeaguiesy 

.,i^V« The towiv Aifirendering 

t to.bjJD^ h^ pulls da^4| the 3y9Usy 

and fines the people, 57. 

Chained with cnie^ Duris^ 

ibj4 But jailified by Pltttarcbf 

T ibidr Returns tp ^thenf and^ 

.X niakes the- funeral ocaiUQn for . 

«:,<bore who feUi ia that war« dJJ. 

The honours fheis«d him on 

ihit occaiion by the women, 

;^4 the pJeafant anfwer he 

made to Elpinicej 37> 3^* ^^ 

^Ti^iiei himfelf on reducing the 

^amiausy ibid. He advifei the 

Jthemans toaffift the Cart^^oM^ 

ibid 4 He iends Ltu$d^enandus 

the ion of Qim^n againit the 

Qonntbiaus with ten (hips, for 

which he 15 cenfured» 38, 39. 

He refusing to repeal the de^^ 

., ff^ againil Mrg'ara is. blamed 

^ . .^ the ible cauft of the Belo- 

^ fanntfian war, 40. What views 

he had in refufing to Tevoke the 

- decree againft Af<?^«r^ 41. His 

igure repreiented by Phidias 

on Minerua^B fhieid^ 42. Or- 

f^ered to reader an. account to 

ti^e PrytuneSi 43. Accufed of 

corrupt pradliceSy iAiV. hy his 

«i;;lfeaties faves A/pafia^ who 

was accufed of impiety, ihd, 

Sen4s off Anaxagoroiy ibid. 

Why he puihed oa the war of 

Pekpennt/uSf ibid. He was by 

the n^other s fide of the family 

of CHon, 44. A great inihuce 

of hi^ prudence and forefight, 

:^id^ What he (aid to the A- 

• 4k^akis that would have ea- 

.^gaged»^ t^e l^aefd^^m^mi^^ 45. 

.^Qmyar^dtoa 09od pilot in 

u tcmpe&, i^td. He is (acirized, 

sBU. HeieadsajMindredihips 

tpk Behpotniejus^ 46. . He ca- 

^ ijtfes and relieves the commoo^* 

fieoffeiriio were>hainiftd«)Ckkh 
^e «raiv lii^- ' Accafed j|»«he 
cau(e of the peiUlenc&^y ba|ig- 
<S|igibiHBBy pbopleixntp the city, 

.1,4^^49^:; .What he did to: the 
pi|Dtof Mi (hip*<ni aa^edipfi^of 

-the fun;.^ ilfkL- HiR itbe^i^g^ 
S^dwaruM^ abid^ >OMigedvto 

tborit|r jfonSatd^ and^ 'he fiaed 
fey ^Atkmaifsy 4^. iiis^o- 
mefticic tcoables, lA^ ^ «lte- 
fleAed<Q»'by>his fqn^ iifid^- tiia 

freatfteis of mind Jti/ his trou- 
les, '49. Hia giief^^r the 
death of his fbotPatalits^ ibid. 
Intceaaed by the peopie- og^Mi 
to accept the chief' 6c>mitiaftd» 
i^id. JlepeaU-a isem vtOaeii he 
had' fbrtierif' aimde: tifout 
baftairdft, 49, 50. ' ViSttiaed 
with/dtB plagftte, i^J^. Ri- 
dicalcstheimraJbt bodg- (about 
his^ aeck/by die wotqeftj 50^- 5 1 . 
What he ^d io his: fjaeads ^o 
vian fpeei[kingJA:;prai(* of hhn» 
i^tdi His cbarai^r, jt^ ez. 
The gnat opinion f^-^M^/. 
tf«/ had of hiQi after Ms deaths 
• 52- Histadvantages above Fa- 
ikts^ ft^ Above bribery, 90. 
The iBiagni£cence of \m cetn- 
pIe»and>]Hibli<ledifi<:^ Hid: 

Pnididoit the SpariMt.f^i am- 
bd&dor to Athms to nequeft af- 
fifiancs agasnftthei^/#,^}fi 296 

Pmguiu the dbUghcer of ^/Wx. 
Ji6^/^ had a ion Ity h»'iiamed 
M^laaippus^ Ihe afttefK^dk^d^ ihar- 
lied /i^fftfitf «he fodof Miiryiia 
thsQicJMmi, L i^^ • - • 

Peripbemm^ an iieiso>^ta '^liOthf 1^0- 
/9« ^oficedsA ^)b^dkittce' ^ aa 

P^r»^^^6^i ihun b/ rie/^>ln i^/- 
^dtmfiia^Al. 19*: W<(^i^^C0- 

*y*^/fX,ibid.-. -^ .^i'^^^ -r/ 

called* ,IL» 36^ 35^. '-- *- - 
PmpplUmi^ divinen III. i|^. 
Peritoif the name of^a c;ty ^liilt 

.ildeg be haul/ of tlm manep W. 

ni20o: !MeJbbaifo]a4^diian»a^d4<i(l 
c^imM^ lij^r^.n^ Bt tool^ifes 

. . I vitos, jSyrioruisi • tb aB&'emttit^in- 
, xneot^ axkl',maaters7'iliimi«'32, 

.. 34. inJrJkiik (WeatccbaaJlicaken 
o]prifaper b|f i^a^vibidb vPut 

- Jto d€alh\by, Aii09^'34V ::' ?• 

BiHifam thephilo^Qphcv made^go- 
. vernor of the caMc of Ctifintb^ 

^.\>Y 6dntig9t$us^ iVL, '. i5u He 

Berfey eiidpc» ascrre ^cftdods dian 
lkr^»Kiil§.t>fi Afjmi&ii, at war 

. ;foft3of PWr>, X49. ,^kd was 
.;4kid ;i;a^be lus:.:inodier^* »^i/. 

1 . j3lffe|tit3the 'Jiammsnf' tii^y z^o. 
. Hia pROpikvalifiiis agaaiifb* the 

. iffii:cu> »|^J» .254» j.IWpiritedon 

a fip^li- defeat* V25BJ fiat by 

.|UA5:oiim«Bdi8rsoenaoai&ged to 

- ^iiyfje V jthe > i/^MUMir . battkv \rAr^. 

Asibonas tbe. battle began, he 

witbdjft^yjto P|r^«^ ^1- That 

^.,re|>o||^ ^i^adide4.% i^-^o- 
0f^« ^62« Defeated 'bf |he 

. ^offifi9^,. .264*' His bebavioor 

ire^dv^ Q^Htmrnf kkiSmio- 

,rikK4t^^ 2^4 < Defnuldedcf his 

: tfii^im by Qrtandtn t£ Critey 

. f4n:ep4^9 jUfffelf to^<])^^ 

.^7,Q) : Hk meaa b^hatmmr, 

/W. Lod, io .tntiiiif^ 0178. 
. |^ii^H5r»el deacb» jrSiw . ^ * 
^«C^^JNi4Ji^bttcm( latkmBctia- 

turally jealous, of .thtfinwooen. 

P«(!i!^Afecvrit^/?iw^>;'t. 8j^37«. 
^^'FhrtrtS5gfcna!fr//«A;, ^71.;^ -At- 

Bmrn^tw^m^ aa^Aes thefc-' 

' ipr.'''^'^^ •' " '' ' ''''*• 
m deith by <?<i/5tf, VI. «!^; 

• of a'^flff^, Kisf dream conctftnihg 
i^ompefy Vt, toi. He recdVcs 
hiifl into Wsr {hipi Hid. ' -^ 

FtttMits a'Ifeiitbnknt otiderOft/^ 
/Whisfiddky to hisCetieral, 

Pefromlis "Fn^HHtrtki put tO detth» 
VI. 21). 

Fimttftm me^ and join* i!Wj*r^«, 
IV. 51. *He thought by his 
•Hb^falitf td ejlablilh bis ii^te- 

• reft, 52. His fbrprize tHi the 
approach 'of Antigvnufy <^h 
The bMtfk ioft through * his 
cowardfcej 57» The kind kiter 
Alexander VifKX^ to hiiti-'Aw^n 
he wa« bitten by a b«ir,^ ^* 

Pexodorus gOVernbr of 0^»Hfd^fi?ftds 
to treat ©f a m^tch bettveeii 

• Phi}ip*3i fofl Aridausy and 'his 
daughter, 1V^ 235, 

P^^4^« thte namd of the wHd <i)^ 

. aH GrotttmoTiy killed by Thefiust 

I. to. By fome faid to be a 

• %vomdnrediarkablefb^robbefy» 
ctnelty aad luft, r^// 

Phcekxy ^e name of one of ihd 
failors In ^he-ftip- thiit totied 
Tl^Jeuf to Cftf/e*, L 20. - 

Phsak an antagOnift ofA/dikidif, 
i hitf€hay^l^r; II. Ib2. 

Ph^mus infOrtftS EkmtMf of- a 
vcoijiptocy^gftihft'him, IV. 

-^ .3i»At Jllrf Thit.Pa^^ Pi^^ddtH Ar<hdtt'otAtb^ v^fkn 

w^Skij^ Amt King lastihevim. 
^^ of the Deity^Mfli^i^ ^They 
jp^l^roof.of. likeic^miiajB;^ vat 
3ie battle pf:/'teir«rii4iiouiICall 
.th^ir |^ro|MS.du9ihcimefi£^§pi^^ 

the oftte}« ordered lYitAtimiiini 
to gath^ t^ bones of fbrftksM 

|^(iu^i>»^ ^il^i itHrrries h^r, I^ 
5a. The' cabiMiitits th^ btfd 

C c a . Pbatmrm^ 

I N D E » 

PhaeManti iikovtrs N§ptftokmuis 

Pim^totfp by iome fiud to b^ the 
Mi i^ng of th^ ii^l^^^ after 
the deluge. III. 56* 

PM^9» vO? tfap M^ed^am de^ 

Pbar^af . a, Lae^danmfm com- 
! i|naMi4lir> his hpth^^yicwia i^W^^ 

l^it4«sil«^#9w, mtl| hiis,l9D4 forces 
endeavoors to proteifl the Spar- 

126#. J)rf?afc?d hy.. MdhiaJesj 
Af^» * Agaia 4efeat?d by ^Z- 
cibiades^ 123. Ag^n put to 
ffigM by «//f^^'<i^* 12^* 
PbanrnkHtcm prefers an informa- 
tion at Spfsrta againil lyjmder 

.'>«iil his adiiereiits. III. 200- 

Hq deceives Lytfandpr^ 201. 

Much valued by the LactiUt-^ 

:mnuam9 ibid. Defeated by 

. S^thridiUes and Henf^^m^ IV. 
f^v His conference v^ith Agi- 
^l^smh 77> 78. His drefs, iii</. 
>%^^ J^x^^ti^t ihidn Lieu- 

. tenant to Artaxerxes againft the 

; JS^pti^ty VI. 137* 

. •oaeQf4»»'^»^'^^Q€rals4V.42. 

phaiy^ces revolts from Mithriiaies 
his« father, whej;ettpo^ his fa- 
ther kills himfelf, IV. 166. 
idle fends prefects to Pgmpr^^ 
jUlid«. Defeats Domitim Cal*vi' 
tiusf IV. 380, 381. Defeated 
\yfCit/art ibid. 

pbaltmtpBt^s. the moil experienced 
<Qenerat.of Or«4/£f ilain in battle^ 


Pharu : tbc iflc ^f Ptarg^* its fi- 

• t«iattQ«> ly* 25?- . 

PimMtiy : t^tUe.^ of, ly. 201, 
jl6v»rde44Y* 27^A- - 

PbM^es the Philafopiie^:, , dhis 
(kin pnsferi^fd %.;lwlei[.of tn 

PiidUts^ 6unrty^ of Afi Pf^^jMc 

bailrfinm of PeritJa^ Jit 20* 
Accufed. by l^ttox, 42^. ,]^ie» 
in prybn,/&y. .^ 

PMinay.^tht publick repi^'!at 
5/^/«fo .called, J., iio» ;:Xhe 
orig^n^ .of the word,, i^ui. 
TH^riU^ bbferved iii,,tiiem» 

PhiJius routi^ by ^^/Ww^ tY^i6. 
Pbila^ .dafjghterof -<^«/;(fW, ;find 

widpw of Crqterus^ married to 

Den^rms^ V. '245* Poifoos 

herfelf, 277. 
PbflaJelpbuf .King of Pqphl^gfftia 

lides with Antony ^ V. 345* , 
PbiLeus^ one of thfl fi>ns ,of!^i»r, 

I. 212. 
Pbilagrtu^ preceptor to MeuJIus 

Nepas^ his monument, V, 439. 
Pbiliiat^ a friend to Pekf^, 

made feqretary to Atckw jmd. 

Pbilip in 7i^i?/, H. 29^ His 

ftratagem, 297, 
Pbilidest a breeder of Jbiorfiss, rc- 

fufe^. to Mre IbmiMks aiok, 

Pbilinna^ a common flmmpet by 
whom PbiJip had AnUm, IV. 

225. .. : 

Pbilip ofMacidottf father of Alex- 
tindir the Great, a faying of his 
to his £e>n, II. 4. Hk conveHa- 
tion with Dionwui the younger, 
211. A reflefiaoii of his 
on the facred band of die 7^- 
bmiy 308* Bppugl^t up at 
i:bd>ei^ ;in what ppjnts Jie Jmi- 

. tated MpandnoiuUuy ^if^ An 
atteojp^ of his, whi<;h ^Gndered 
h^. xofamous 'Spd hated 
%OHghontaIl Gmo^ ill. 14^. 
15.. Initiaced in the ^fjifnii^a* 
^ 4pyfferM?s^ IV,. ^25 •' His 

. ^TOTOi i^. hm^r^ii^^.ibid. 

..The anfwer he received .from 

Ae ptede. at ^ir^4», V.226. 

. Thr^impoftant jpi«ces.oiFncwa 

,. whifhiiereGeiVied at tlib^iattie 

^ tij^.a9d-the op«iiQ9 «f the 



iS'HitAtliertupaidi btzf. His 
Jiffi*dlat56n of eloqoiric^ 228. 
'His ^echtoW^fon opott his 
management of the' horte J&«- 

* cephMs^ i'^i: He fefids ' for 
Jlrifiitie tb \Xi^6tAMander^ 

* ibid. IH what xttAnniil* Ikt gra- 
• tffied'hiM, 232; YKedflbrders 

he caufed in hi^'fainilvr, and 
b^ivhat mean*, ^34- He or- 
der^ Ae Corinthians XAittid him 
fieffhlkut in (ihsliii^, and ba- 
Aifhes four other of hfs fon's 
^oofidents^ 236. AfTaMb^ted 
W fMufantas^ and* for what, 
fW.' The condhion in which 
lie left his kingdom, 23 7. His 
ftccefs, V. 392. His indecent 
trai^fpd^ts of joy upon gaining 
t vteoi^, 394. Stracfc with 
horror ujpon refl^dting on the 
'dans;ers he had beisn expofed to 
by tSe means t^fDemifthenes^ ib. 
His gentlenefs and {^opabu-ity, 

Philip; ^e Ibn of Bemtrius the 
fecondy at war with the Romans ^ 
ffl. 2S, ^' His interview with 
FiaminiuSf 32. Harangues his 
army from an eminence which 
is thought ominous, 34. Beat- 
en by FlanriniuSf 35, His cau- 
tious preparations for the war, 
II. 249. Kills his iba Deme- 
tritis, iMd. V. 235. VL 
19$. Succeeds his tmcle An-^ 
iigonnsy yi, igp. Calfed in 

' to ^ afiftatxce bf the Athaans^ 
192. Hh moderittibn tbwards 
theO^/«»/, 193. He puts fe- 
■♦tral^f hitf courtiert to death, 
and fe^ what, i^/^* Gives vent 
tiyMs Vicious fndihations, ibid. 
Hee^Tie^ Ardtus with Mim to 
lihomty and'what happened on 
tha*' bc^on, 'it^r. "Grer- 

- thrown at fia by ure RMmns, 
196. -H* eanfe^ Ark^ii} to be 
poHbned, /te/; PolJTons the fon 
€if Aratuff-iuid in what manner, 
.1^8. Punilhed for his inha- 

matt tkBSons, ihid. The ccm- 
dition^ tfiEl Whkh he wai ytdttced 
by the RoMMf, i^dV ' His 
cru^ie^'towards his ovdi^ ftib- 
jefts, iM. ^ -i 

Pfe/^, the ' father-in-liw «f ' A- 
^&/?xrj, 'a'&ying of his dll his 
great ld^;>e to A«r/^, IV*TI5. 
Pmpbfil^' to knd J^ni/9^^nto 
Spain againft StrtoriWf aa0 his 
janTw^i" tb a ilfnafor en ihM^. 
Cafioft, I33. ' ' ri 

Phi/ip, Pofnpef^ foedmai^ kk$ £• 
deHtyto^ hismaftar, 1V»' J15. 
Buries him ^^ith the ^ifliftaiiee of 
an old iMdie'r, f^i/. ^^ 

Philip the firft hnn>fttid:of JkMhr/rr, 
9nd ferher of .<IW/j|Mmp vito ilite 
married to Pytrhus^ IH/te. 

i'i&r///, Archiai, and Ii0omidȤ heiul 
the party ikt 7^M#/ Ihut oppoied 
Ifmeniusy &c. II. ±93; 

PM]^ the AearnakioMt Akmffntffs 
phyiidan, 1V« 2dB. Ai^fed 
of being bribed oy Datiim to 
v>0t{on Mfsf, iM. Thf'phMdc 
ne gave hjmj and tke «il«8 of 
it, 249. " ^ 'i-- 

Philippidts, *n enem/to^ J^rAi^iSr/, 
V, 243. In high fMottr.^th 
tyfimathns^ 244. Hls^it^ueft' 
to that pnnc^, /^W« ttitv re* 
fleaioa trptm^tratiielH^^t^ De^ 
metrinsy - 257'. 

PhikJIursifSjmeu/i^ th« hifthHan, 
for what blamed, 11/ 'if « 2— 
327. Commended, IIL 371, 
ij2* Marries One <yf' the 
daughters of LeptH^ei^ ¥L 12. 
His hiflory and chadU^er, ibid. 
Arrives in Sitily with a 'fleet 
from Apulia to aSfk Uiwtfffiut 
the younger, 35. Overriilowii 
by the^r^ri^/, ib. The JtM^ba- 
rous treatment he i\ASgxnA^ibidm 
His ftying to DUny/l»^^^'U^ 
der, f^rV. And death, 'SSHd* 

Pbih wrote a treatife aga^ldie 
old academy. Iff. 36J. 

PhiUclet, an Athenian adMnk, hie 
advice to cut of the right 

Ce 1 thumbir 

J! H D B X: 

^^-*flfi^4«y.HfeigJ6ttefei» anfwer 

■ilio<i«^^B(l''rc£ai!iii5ril^ ttiDpSy 

GtnMft .of 4^ ^^«4s% lo. 
^NewimoMar^otheowaajibaii of 
'fhe»iM^4W/;iinditli^^dto of 

<^}'S<46^4 advfee-^epohtei -about --*atde,^kli. Hia gi^atf|B5iK&ncc 
J'^'iiew^4»tf^ii^« l^ctityv' I. -23^. 4^ dieofaattlerat Mii^l^^t 13. 

'•kilhr(Mto&/l»iabr» iiud^ErHibila- 
' tiieick-e^ed^U) &^l^.. JUhofen 

> ^SenetaLof theui/^iap/jffj thd ie- 

. cond:)-. timCy /• Ufid, Sli&w^ \ the 

Ofv&^ziu ;at tke, A/irwAM!^ gjunes 

-the ovderijofius. aniiy^'i^as(:>He 

- gaess.into ^ih^'Xhottrc^tatfti a 
lfldq^. ft^ident ;thajbjim|ipned« 
ibid, Thrti^b&rair fofiots wed 
}]0 btkes'Oe^ntl iidtihdai^ ^id. 
W4iat he didagaifift JV^Ii^cQbi 5. 
And:' ]|Ott^> hd^^ .]Se{<;Bedo jtfc^ff^y 
^/4lMHeig0esia&ciBiid tmiiasin- 
to Or#£tf^t9^ciaci|iiqaod tlie sfrkiy, 
»&rV/,. Qliinisd' for it«.li]r|faisfiEiwn 
^ peopj^^ 4^(;iA . iat^rai^ lef^^his 
of fiingi Btaiimy^ . x6. .The iWl?- 
gidofoiiim^ iinltodiiig/tDrbBtiifb 
hifnyfar&vpreveDteil h^^tiw ^-^ 
^iMftSf.f^fd^ Ths i«rei^. he 
look of them, «^tti?« iiis grea( 
exploit^' in Cr^te^ ibid^^Quofen 
General of the confederacy a> 
gSbinit^Nahisy ibid. dsR^ated hi 
a fba*%ht, 17. <^Bits a:vi£bry 
at^'iano^ t^i^^ pifei^gi^esi'his 
crorc^j ill:.. a; di&dvaiitageoizs 
plaoe,> <^. firmffs^ith&i^feMixiJ 
inusr^ leif^ wim tiir.e^i6<4?9«f, 
Y8.iTlie noble pr^feiilfxiffi^ed 

' toih^n by' the^^DATsi^'fwIach 
he geoerpuily refused, wi^/V, 
iUi»^pr»GC^t^advicG(to Bufiio^ 
i^s, Y^. A- ba^^anlous baftgnod 
sijlionof hlfi^ /i&ft^i :Hifi label 

'treatmeot of tliR Sfioromsf^ng, 

' :t(»q H^ aboliihes 43ik Jxms»'of 
Lycurgus, ihid, Cc($xipa7td J» a 

p^to>y/iBi^(N«^/«i^ 29»^iHetop-